WorldWideScience

Sample records for sigitas juraitis roma

  1. Between cynicism and longing : the paradoxes of Sigitas Parulskis

    OpenAIRE

    Tamoliūnaitė, Vita

    2005-01-01

    The present article examines expressions of identity issues in the works of Sigitas Parulskis. The uniqueness of Parulskis’ works and their links to historical and philosophical discourses are elaborated upon. The analysis of identity definitions used by the disciplines of psychology, sociology, and philosophy, and identity transformations within the context of postmodernity revealed the problematic nature of the identity concept itself. In this article the following important aspects of iden...

  2. Modernizatsija portovoi infrastrukturõ i uroven obsluzhivanija v Klaipedskom portu = The modernisation of the port infrastructure and the level of services in the Klaipeda port / Sigitas Dobilinskas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dobilinskas, Sigitas

    2004-01-01

    Ettekanne 11.-12. oktoobrini Peterburis toimunud konverentsil. Klaipeda sadama olukorrast, infrastruktuuri moderniseerimisest, teenuste tasemest, tulevikuplaanidest, võrdlus Kaliningradi ning Peterburi sadamatega. Lisa: Sigitas Dobilinskas

  3. EDUCATION AND ROMA POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Asensio Belenguer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with Education and the Roma Population. It presents an approach to schooling of Romani children since its outset in the city of Zaragoza (Spain. It analyzes the current status as presented by the Strategy for Social Inclusion of this people 2012-2020, and collects, from various sources, the fact that education remains a pending challenge for Roma Population. Measures to be taken by the educational community from a gender and inclusive perspective are proposed.

  4. Hegemony in the Roma family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrhálek, Tomáš; Lidová, Lenka; Kajanová, Alena

    2015-01-01

    This article is intended to describe the current hegemonic masculinity within the Roma family structure in the Czech Republic, with regard to changes related to developments in the majority society and the current socioeconomic situation of the Roma. The theoretical context of this article is based on the paradigm of masculine hegemony as it exists and has existed in the Roma families. Data for the study came from semi-structured interviews with 30 Roma females and 30 Roma males living as couples, in three Czech cities. The main finding reveals a dichotomy between the traditional roles of Roma women, i.e. care for the family and the household, and the present functions, i.e. contributing to the family income through social benefits. We observed a decline in the traditional role of Roma men, who were often unemployed. We related the change in the roles of men to the "non-functionality of the men", contributing to the emerging potential for emancipation of Roma women. However, the traditional patriarchal Roma family is structured such that men are given the main decision making powers, which has slowed changes in marginalized Roma families. Additionally, social pressures against women as well as socially conditioned pressures that act to preserve hegemonic masculinity, have largely prevented the realization of the potential for emancipation of Roma women, or if a woman tries to leave her non-functioning husband.

  5. Unas vacaciones en Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Marí Company, Francesc

    2015-01-01

    Alejándonos de las numerosas películas de romanos, llamadas péplum, en que las ruinas o las reproducciones de estas se llenaban de extras para realizar grandes batallas o grandes paradas militares, nos desplazaremos a otro género en que Roma se convierte en algo más que un escenario, en un personaje estático, que sin él la magia transmitida a través de los fotogramas no sería posible.

  6. Health status of Roma women in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco-Garrido, Pilar; López de Andrés, Ana; Hernández Barrera, Valentin; Jiménez-Trujillo, Isabel; Jiménez-García, Rodrigo

    2011-12-01

    The objective of the present study is to describe the health status of Roma women in Spain. Population-based health data have become available for this group, and we can now identify differences with non-Roma women. Cross-sectional, epidemiological study from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey and the first National Health Survey in the Romany population (2006). We analyzed 527 Spanish Roma women aged 16 years and over and 1054 Spanish non-Roma women, age and region matched. Our sample comprised 527 Spanish Roma women and 1054 Spanish non-Roma women. Roma women are more likely to suffer from obesity [odds ratio (OR) 1.91; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-3.50], depression and migraine. Roma women have significantly higher values for alcohol consumption than non-Roma women (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 2.32-6.13). The percentage of Roma women, who have had a smear test and a mammography, is significantly lower than that of non-Roma women. Our comparison showed that Spanish Roma women have a poorer health profile, worse lifestyles and more inequality in the use of health-care resources than non-Roma women, especially with respect to prevention.

  7. Being Roma--Being Greek: Academically Successful Greek Romas' Identity Constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gkofa, Panagiota

    2017-01-01

    In Greece, Roma ethnic-cultural identity is frequently situated in a social narrative which "others" this community. As a consequence, Roma pupils' low achievement is frequently understood on the basis of a deficit view of Roma culture because schooling and Roma traditions are widely seen as incompatible. This article theorises aspects…

  8. Immigration of Roma from Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Vukelić

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The questions of immigration are topics of high interest for the contemporary migration studies. Particularly relevant for the Western European countries is the immigration of Roma. This study analyzes the case of Roma asylum-seekers from Republic of Serbia to Federal Republic of Germany, which assumed a new dimension following the visa liberation. Focus of this article are the links among the social, economical, transitional and political conditions of Roma asylum-seeking, as well as an analysis of potential networks and knowledge transfer among Roma. In particular is to be understand if there is any transnational networking between Roma in home countries and abroad as well if Roma asylum-seekers have to be seen as perpetrators or rather victims of the political occurrences in the concerning country.

  9. Enhancing the Employment Chances of Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Bodewig; Lucia Kureková

    2009-01-01

    Roma communities in central and southeastern Europe have a history of being excluded from the labor market and still face severe barriers to employment. Besides being marginalized socially, Roma were typically the first to lose their jobs at the outset of the post-communist transition. Many in their next generation grew up in unemployed households, with low educational attainments and limi...

  10. Body mass index in Serbian Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Andrew; Cvorović, Jelena; Strkalj, Goran

    2009-01-01

    Stature and body mass were measured in 346 individuals belonging to three Roma groups from metropolitan Belgrade western Serbia. As with the majority of Serbian Roma, the participants in this study have been historically disadvantaged and their situation was further aggravated during the recent political crises. Surprisingly, the body mass index (BMI) of Serbian Roma is relatively high compared with western Europeans and is inconsistent with the view that Serbian Roma are predisposed to high rates of chronic energy deficiency ( approximately 4%). While the majority of individual Roma display BMI values within the normal range (WHO, 1995), certain groups have a moderate to high proportion of individuals ( approximately 35%) who could be classified as overweight and some who approach at-risk levels for clinical obesity.

  11. Intergroup contact and minority group empowerment : The perspective of Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Macedonia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamberi, Ermira; Martinovic, Borja; Verkuyten, Maykel

    2017-01-01

    This study focused on the endorsement of Roma empowerment in Macedonia among Roma (N = 187) and non-Roma (Macedonian, Albanian, and Turkish; N = 627) adolescents. Using structural equation modelling, we examined the mediating roles of out-group feelings, negative Roma stereotypes, and perceived

  12. Roma and non-Roma conflicts in the light of power relationships

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    Gábor Héra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article summarises the findings of the first phase of an action research study focusing on how restorative justice approaches and practices can support conflict resolution within an intercultural context. The author will describe the relationship between the Roma and non-Roma residents in a Hungarian village. Consideration will be given to the “ordering groups” of the local community and will discuss some of their conflicts. It will be argued that these ordering groups may influence inter-ethnic relationships and impact how Roma and non-Roma members of the community may live harmoniously together.

  13. Mental health disparities between Roma and non-Roma children in Romania and Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eric J; Keyes, Katherine; Bitfoi, Adina; Mihova, Zlatka; Pez, Ondine; Yoon, Elisha; Masfety, Viviane Kovess

    2014-11-18

    The Roma population, one of the largest minority groups in Europe, experience discrimination and stigma associated with marginalized social position. Few studies have examined mental illnesses in the Roma, and none have examined the Roma children. The present study estimates mental health and behavioral disorders among Roma children in comparison to non-Roma children in educational institutions. Data were drawn from the School Children Mental Health Study in Europe (SCHME) study in Romania (Roma children identified by parent report, N = 70; non-Roma, N = 925) and Bulgaria (Roma children identified by exclusively-Roma schools, N = 65; non-Roma, N = 1312). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was given to the parents and teachers to measure child mental health; children reported on their mental health through the Dominique Interactive. Control covariates included child sex and age, and parental characteristics when parent reports were available. Based on the child's own report, Roma children had a higher odds of any internalizing disorder (OR = 2.99, 95% C.I. 2.07-4.30), phobias (OR = 4.84, 95% C.I. 3.19-7.35), separation anxiety disorder (OR = 2.54, 95% C.I. 1.72-3.76), generalized anxiety disorder (OR = 2.95, 95% C.I. 1.75-4.96), and major depressive disorder (OR = 3.86, 95% C.I. 2.31-6.37). Further Roma children had a higher odds of any externalizing disorder (OR = 2.84, 95% C.I. 1.78-4.54), oppositional defiant disorder (OR = 3.35, 95% C.I. 1.93-5.82), ADHD (OR = 2.37, 95% C.I. 1.26-4.46), and conduct disorder (OR = 3.63, 95% C.I. 2.04-6.46). Based on the report of teachers, Roma children had higher odds of emotional problems (OR = 2.03, 95% C.I. 1.20-3.44), peer-relational problems (OR = 2.76, 95% C.I. 1.73-4.41) and prosocial behavior (OR = 2.75, 95% C.I. 1.75-4.33). Roma children experience a higher burden of mental health problems compared with their non-Roma counterparts. Attention to child health and mental health among the Roma is urgently needed

  14. Ethnic and social distance towards Roma population

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    Miladinović Slobodan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Roma people are one of social marginalised ethnic groups which can easily be classified as underclass or ethno-class. In this work are presented the results of survey data analysis of ethnic and social distance towards the Roma population (2007. It concludes that the Roma people are one of ethnic groups with the highest social and ethnic distances in all observed social relations. The conclusion is that their generations poverty and still of life which the poverty produces are main causes of the high distance. The society has very important task to overcome situation which keep their social situation. In this paper are showed some of possible solutions of solving global Romas social situation and their integration in the rest of society. .

  15. IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE

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    Gregor Maučec

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Having shortly delineated and theoretically defined the concept of stereotypes (as collective social constructs and stereotyping as such, the author turns to much more complex issue as to how to identify and change stereotypes about Roma, which are deeply rooted in mainstream European societies where they live and also those stereotypes that are nurtured and strictly followed by the Roma and which relate to non-Roma. The author arrives at a conclusion that today one can note several factors and conditions in European countries which still nurture and further reinforce especially anti-Roma stereotypes. According to him, the specific and carefully elaborated stereotypes-oriented policies and strategies which favour mutual education, knowledge and understanding as well as ongoing contact and dialogue between the two different ethnic, social and cultural identities at both EU and member states levels are conditio sine qua non for the enhanced and overall Roma inclusion and integration.

  16. Beyond Inclusion: Reconsidering Policies, Curriculum, and Pedagogy for Roma Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miskovic, Maja; Curcic, Svjetlana

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the policies and politics of including European Roma students in mainstream educational systems within the context of two European Union (EU) policies: the Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005-2015) and EU National Roma Integration Strategies (2013-2020). Drawing on the scholarship about inclusion and its practical achievements,…

  17. Are barriers in accessing health services in the Roma population associated with worse health status among Roma?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarcuska, P.; Bobakova, D.; Uhrin, J.; Bobak, L.; Babinska, I.; Kolarcik, P.; Veselska, Z.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.

    2013-01-01

    The health of Roma has been found to be poorer than that of the majority population. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between Roma and non-Roma regarding perceived barriers in accessing health services. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the association between self-rated health

  18. Life Satisfaction and Happiness Among the Roma in Central and Southeastern Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamberi, Ermira; Martinovic, Borja; Verkuijten, Maykel

    2015-01-01

    This study examines general life satisfaction and happiness as two indicators of subjective well-being among Roma and non-Roma populations in Central and Southeastern Europe. Using a sample of 11,997 participants (Roma N = 8,399, non-Roma N = 3,598) from the Regional Roma Survey in 2011 we test a

  19. Bloque de viviendas, Viale Pinturicchio - Roma

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    Luccichenti, V.

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available Este edificio fue realizado por iniciativa del Instituto de Viviendas Económicas, de Roma, sobre un terreno de 1.150 m2 cercano al Tíber. Tal proximidad exigió una labor compleja de cimentación, ya que el proyecto determinaba una construcción de once plantas.

  20. Roma Empowerment and Social Inclusion Through Work-Integrated Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    2015-01-01

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and th...... the participants’ psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, a sense of power, and a sense of enculturated social inclusion....

  1. Unheard Voices: Roma and the Kosovo War

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    Rainer Schulze

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Kosovo conflict is usually seen – and remembered – as a conflict between ethnic Serbs and ethnic Albanians. It was the escalating armed conflict between these two ethnic groups following the revoking of Kosovo’s autonomy by the Miloševič regime in Bel-grade in 1989 which led to NATO’s military intervention in the spring of 1999. However, this focus on the Serbi-an-Albanian confrontation meant that the fate of the Ro-ma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities in this conflict has been largely overlooked. Both within Kosovo and outside, their experiences and memories remain widely unconnected to the wider narrative and collective memory of the conflict, even though the Roma  consti-tuted a significant proportion of the overall population and one upon whom the conflict had an enormous im-pact.

  2. Origins and Divergence of the Roma (Gypsies)

    OpenAIRE

    Gresham, David; Morar, Bharti; Underhill, Peter A.; Passarino, Giuseppe; Lin, Alice A.; Wise, Cheryl; Angelicheva, Dora; Calafell, Francesc; Oefner, Peter J.; Shen, Peidong; Tournev, Ivailo; de Pablo, Rosario; Kuĉinskas, Vaidutis; Perez-Lezaun, Anna; Marushiakova, Elena

    2001-01-01

    The identification of a growing number of novel Mendelian disorders and private mutations in the Roma (Gypsies) points to their unique genetic heritage. Linguistic evidence suggests that they are of diverse Indian origins. Their social structure within Europe resembles that of the jatis of India, where the endogamous group, often defined by profession, is the primary unit. Genetic studies have reported dramatic differences in the frequencies of mutations and neutral polymorphisms in different...

  3. Otherness in Pedagogical Theory and Practice: The Case of Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirova, Anna; Prochner, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the topic of the inclusion of Roma children in education in Europe through an examination of theory and practice in relation to the issues of Otherness and foreignness. Roma children entering school encounter a vastly different world from their home culture, with different expectations for teaching and learning, for…

  4. Institutional Racism? Roma Children, Local Community and School Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachos, Dimitris

    2012-01-01

    This article tries to discuss the conditions Roma pupils face within the Greek educational system. In the first part, through a brief history of Roma groups in Greece followed by a short analysis of their legal status and leaving conditions, I attempt to present a critical approach in Romani Studies. Thereafter, using Institutional Racism as a…

  5. Collective identity and wellbeing of Roma minority adolescents in Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; van de Vijver, Fons

    2013-01-01

    In Europe and particularly in Bulgaria, Roma represent the largest low-status minority group that is subjected to marked public intolerance and discrimination. This study examined links among Roma (N = 207) and Bulgarian (N = 399) adolescents' ethnic, familial, and religious identities as salient identity aspects for their psychological wellbeing. Results indicated that, as expected, Roma youth reported lower levels of wellbeing than Bulgarian youth. The latter revealed a weaker religious identity than Roma youth, whereas no ethnic group differences emerged regarding Bulgarian or familial identity. Furthermore, we observed that collective identity was higher in older participants of both groups. Finally, a multigroup analysis using structural equation modeling showed that collective identity was a positive predictor of wellbeing for both Roma and Bulgarian adolescents. Findings demonstrated differences in salience as well as structural communalities regarding ways in which collective identity affects wellbeing of youth from two ethnically diverse communities.

  6. Does the influence of peers and parents on adolescents' drunkenness differ between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, D.; Kolarcik, P.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.; Klein, D.; Reijneveld, S.A.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Roma adolescents have been shown to use less alcohol than non-Roma adolescents. This could be due to the protective influences of peers and parents. Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the levels of peer and parental influence and their effects on

  7. Predictors of health-endangering behaviour among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia by gender

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. M.; Orosova, O.; van Dijk, J. P.; Reijneveld, S. A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Roma people are commonly described as having an unhealthy lifestyled-for example, an unhealthy diet, intensive smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and a lack of physical activity. However, data about such health-endangering behaviours among Roma adolescents are scarce and of poor

  8. Sêneca e o ambiente hebraico de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Silva de Almeida

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Enquanto ocupante de um cargo importante no Império Romano do I século, Sêneca certamente conheceu vários dos ensinamentos e práticas da comunidade hebraica de Roma, conforme observamos em alguns trechos de sua obra e de autores posteriores. Se por um lado seu pensamento parece se aproximar da doutrina e prática hebraicas, embora por razões diversas, por outro lado se afasta. Todavia ele soube, como nenhum outro escritor latino, manifestar o devido respeito e reserva ao ambiente hebraico da Urbs.

  9. Os labirintos da cidade: Marcial em Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Torrão, João Manuel Nunes; Andrade, António Manuel Lopes

    2008-01-01

    Martial had unparalleled knowledge of the city of Rome and he provides guidance to todays’s readers in the street maze of the city. That city had specific feaures which made the circulation of people and vehicles difficult, in spite of the efforts made by some politicians to improve the urban network. Marcial conhecia como ninguém a cidade de Roma e serve de guia aos leitores da actualidade através das ruas labirínticas da Urbe. Essa cidade apresentava características especí...

  10. Prospectiva constitucional del Estatuto de Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro Velandia Hurtado

    2006-01-01

    El bloque constitucional le dio el contenido a la Constitución Política del 91, de una carta fundamental con carácter heterónomo, es decir impuesta desde el exterior, y de contenido hibrido teniendo en cuenta la participación de los tratados ratificados por Colombia referidos al DIH y los DH, como también, el Estatuto de Roma, adicionado en el al articulo 93 de nuestra Carta Magna. Pretendemos con este trabajo resaltar algunas incompatibilidades que lógicamente se p...

  11. The Roma in Croatia: From Migration to Intercultural Relations

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    Neven Hrvatić

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available From their first arrival in Croatia (in Dubrovnik in 1362, due to their transnational identity, the Roma have formed a historical ethnic community. A specific tribal system and economic backwardness determined their dispersion, specialisation, the partial loss of their ethnic identity and their marginal position. Based on empirical surveys carried out among secondary school students in Croatia, the scientific research projects: “Genealogy and the Transfer of Intercultural Models” and “The School Curriculum and the Traits of Croatian National Culture” (1991–2001, have revealed the existence of stereotypes in regard to the Roma, a low level of acceptance of elements of Roma culture (language, art, history, customs, as well as great social distance towards the Roma (through a modified Bogardus scale, which altogether indicates a need for intercultural education and schooling for all school pupils in Croatia. An improvement in their socio-economic situation and integration into all segments of society is crucial to the Roma national minority in Croatia, but there is likewise a need to preserve Roma culture, traditions and lifestyle, so that the Roma could become and/or remain a recognisable part of the multicultural milieu.

  12. Contraceptive Attitudes and Practices in the Roma Communities

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    Raluca Zanca

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The process of adopting a contraceptive behaviour is determined by a series of factors, having a slow progress in time. The use of birth control methods by the Roma women is influenced by a series of specific elements. This article wants to highlight an image containing the degree in which the Roma women are aware of the birth control methods and family planning. To this end, I have used the technique of group interview. In the first stage I applied a number of group interviews on the Roma women from the Gîrcin community. Afterwards I examined the interviews using inductive analysis. The results were grouped into thematic categories.

  13. The medical social centres in support of Roma in Greece

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrioti, Despena; Kotrotsou, Christina; Tsakatara, Vanta

    2013-01-01

    Roma people form the largest ethnic-minority group in Europe. They account for around 10 to 12 million people, and they face racism, discrimination and social exclusion in most countries. The Roma population of Greece currently numbers around 250 000 individuals. They have Greek nationality...... and enjoy the same rights, privileges and responsibilities as any other Greek citizens. Nevertheless, Roma in Greece face multiple inequalities and social exclusion in terms of housing, employment, education, and health and social services. In this report we present the outcome of a bestpractice initiative....... Medical social centres operate in 33 Roma settlements all over the country. These centres provide vaccination, health promotion, disease prevention and health education services, as well as support in issuing documents and making appointments with health and social services. We recommend that the National...

  14. Origins and divergence of the Roma (gypsies).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresham, D; Morar, B; Underhill, P A; Passarino, G; Lin, A A; Wise, C; Angelicheva, D; Calafell, F; Oefner, P J; Shen, P; Tournev, I; de Pablo, R; Kuĉinskas, V; Perez-Lezaun, A; Marushiakova, E; Popov, V; Kalaydjieva, L

    2001-12-01

    The identification of a growing number of novel Mendelian disorders and private mutations in the Roma (Gypsies) points to their unique genetic heritage. Linguistic evidence suggests that they are of diverse Indian origins. Their social structure within Europe resembles that of the jatis of India, where the endogamous group, often defined by profession, is the primary unit. Genetic studies have reported dramatic differences in the frequencies of mutations and neutral polymorphisms in different Romani populations. However, these studies have not resolved ambiguities regarding the origins and relatedness of Romani populations. In this study, we examine the genetic structure of 14 well-defined Romani populations. Y-chromosome and mtDNA markers of different mutability were analyzed in a total of 275 individuals. Asian Y-chromosome haplogroup VI-68, defined by a mutation at the M82 locus, was present in all 14 populations and accounted for 44.8% of Romani Y chromosomes. Asian mtDNA-haplogroup M was also identified in all Romani populations and accounted for 26.5% of female lineages in the sample. Limited diversity within these two haplogroups, measured by the variation at eight short-tandem-repeat loci for the Y chromosome, and sequencing of the HVS1 for the mtDNA are consistent with a small group of founders splitting from a single ethnic population in the Indian subcontinent. Principal-components analysis and analysis of molecular variance indicate that genetic structure in extant endogamous Romani populations has been shaped by genetic drift and differential admixture and correlates with the migrational history of the Roma in Europe. By contrast, social organization and professional group divisions appear to be the product of a more recent restitution of the caste system of India.

  15. Legal advocacy as a tool to advance Roma Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezer, Tamar; Abdikeeva, Alphia; McKee, Martin

    2018-01-01

    Roma in central Europe face many violations of their rights, including those that impede their access to high-quality health care. Legal frameworks have the potential to address these violations, whereas legal advocacy services offer a means for enforcement of rights. We undertook key informant interviews with Roma civil society organisations and selected knowledgeable individuals in Macedonia, Romania and Serbia to identify lessons from the development of these services. Achievements were reported in four areas. Legal empowerment, with employment of Roma paralegals was especially effective, increasing awareness of the ability to challenge violations. Documentation of human rights violations is an important basis for advocacy, but does not guarantee redress, and may work best in combination with legal empowerment or international pressure. Strategic litigation can play a key role in removing bureaucratic obstacles that prevent Roma from exercising their right to access to health care. Progress in changing the narrative on Roma in the mainstream media has been limited but examples of good practice exist. Although much remains to be done, Roma groups report that legal advocacy has strengthened their ability to challenge rights violations, thereby enhancing their ability to access effective and responsive care.

  16. Differences between Roma and non-Roma in how social support from family and friends helps to overcome health care accessibility problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobakova, Daniela; Dankulincova Veselska, Zuzana; Babinska, Ingrid; Klein, Daniel; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Cislakova, Lydia

    2015-04-14

    Roma are the most deprived ethnic minority in Slovakia, suffering from discrimination, poverty and social exclusion. Problematic access to good quality health care as result of institutional and interpersonal discrimination affects their health; therefore, factors which affect health care accessibility of Roma are of high importance for public health and policy makers. The aim of this study was to explore the association between health care accessibility problems and ethnicity and how different levels of social support from family and friends affect this association. We used data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta study conducted in 2011 in Slovakia. The final sample comprised 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and 403 (mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) non-Roma respondents. Roma in comparison with non-Roma have a more than 3-times higher chance of reporting health care accessibility problems. Social support from family and friends significantly decreases the likelihood of reporting health care accessibility problems in both Roma and non-Roma, while the family seems to be the more important factor. The worse access to health care of Roma living in so-called settlements seems to be partially mediated by social support. Interventions should focus on Roma health mediators and community workers who can identify influential individuals who are able to change a community's fear and distrust and persuade and teach Roma to seek and appropriately use health care services.

  17. Ethnic differences in smoking behaviour: The situation of Roma in Eastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laetitia Duval

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To investigate ethnic differences in smoking between Roma and non-Roma and their determinants, including how discrimination faced by Roma may influence smoking decisions. Methods: We analysed data from the Roma Regional Survey 2011 implemented in twelve countries of Central and South-East Europe with random samples of approximately 750 households in Roma settlements and 350 households in nearby non-Roma communities in each country. The overall sample comprises 11,373 individuals (8,234 Roma with a proportion of women of 57% and an average age of 36 years. Statistical methods include marginal effects from Probit and zero-truncated negative binomial estimates to explain cigarette consumption. Results: We found that Roma have a higher probability of smoking and are heavier smokers compared to otherwise comparable non-Roma. These differences in smoking behaviour cannot purely be explained by the lower socio-economic situation of Roma since the ethnic gap remains substantial once individual characteristics are controlled for. The probability of smoking is positively correlated with the degree of ethnic discrimination experienced by Roma, especially when it is related to private or public health services. Conclusions: By providing evidence on smoking behaviour between Roma and non-Roma in a large number of countries, our findings support the need to understand smoking behaviour of Roma from a comparative perspective, and may ultimately contribute to more effective anti-smoking messages for Roma. However, if the health disadvantage faced by Roma is to be addressed adequately, this group must be involved more effectively in the policy and public health process.

  18. Reproductive Investment and Health Costs in Roma Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Čvorović

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we examine whether variation in reproductive investment affects the health of Roma women using a dataset collected through original anthropological fieldwork among Roma women in Serbia. Data were collected in 2014–2016 in several Roma semi-urban settlements in central Serbia. The sample consisted of 468 Roma women, averaging 44 years of age. We collected demographic data (age, school levels, socioeconomic status, risk behaviors (smoking and alcohol consumption, marital status, and reproductive history variables (the timing of reproduction, the intensity of reproduction, reproductive effort and investment after birth, in addition to self-reported health, height, and weight. Data analyses showed that somatic, short-term costs of reproduction were revealed in this population, while evolutionary, long-term costs were unobservable—contrariwise, Roma women in poor health contributed more to the gene pool of the next generation than their healthy counterparts. Our findings appear to be consistent with simple trade-off models that suggest inverse relationships between reproductive effort and health. Thus, personal sacrifice—poor health as an outcome—seems crucial for greater reproductive success.

  19. Prospectiva constitucional del Estatuto de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Velandia Hurtado

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El bloque constitucional le dio el contenido a la Constitución Política del 91, de una carta fundamental con carácter heterónomo, es decir impuesta desde el exterior, y de contenido hibrido teniendo en cuenta la participación de los tratados ratificados por Colombia referidos al DIH y los DH, como también, el Estatuto de Roma, adicionado en el al articulo 93 de nuestra Carta Magna. Pretendemos con este trabajo resaltar algunas incompatibilidades que lógicamente se puedan presentar al equiparar sistemas jurídicos diferentes, bajo la pretensión de colocarnos a tono de los estándares internacionales sobre estas materias, con la utilización del principio de la complementariedad o subsidiaridad. La esencia central reside en identificar los temas que podrían eventualmente exceder el texto constitucional, que como tema del interés de la alta política, corresponde su resolución a las altas dignidades pertinentes. Se pretende mantener la seguridad jurídica, como garantía del ejercicio del poder, institucionalizado en el estado y como garantía del ejercicio efectivo de los derechos humanos, que legitima la oposición, a regimenes totalitarios y cuestiona la soberanía estatal.

  20. Affirmative Action in Romania's Higher Education: Roma Students' Perceived Meanings and Dilemmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantea, Maria-Carmen

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative paper explores Roma students' perceptions on the policy of assigning "special places" for Roma in Romania's universities. Findings suggest that Roma see themselves as occupying a precarious social space, concerned not as much to hide perceived merit violation but to handle (alleged) inadequacies given by their…

  1. Seroprevalence and risk factors for hepatitis A, B, and C among Roma and non-Roma children in a deprived area of Athens, Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michos, A; Terzidis, A; Kalampoki, V; Pantelakis, K; Spanos, Th; Petridou, E Th

    2008-05-01

    The prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis A, B, and C (HAV, HBV, and HCV) markers were compared in non-Roma and Roma children who lived in a deprived suburb of Athens, Greece. The study included 216 children, 118 Roma and 98 non-Roma of 9 years median age (range 5-15 years). Among Roma children 98.3% had detectable antibodies to HAV, compared with 32.7% among non-Romas (P < 0.0001). Regarding HBV, 22% Roma children were identified with evidence of past infection (anti-HBc(+)), among whom five (4% of the total) were chronic carriers (HBsAg(+)), whereas no past infection was detected among the non-Romas (P < 0.0001). Markers of past HBV vaccination (anti-HBs(+), anti-HBc(-)) were detected in only 14% Roma but 96% non-Roma children (P-value < 0.0001). There was some indication for intrafamilial transmission of HAV and HBV in Roma school children. Unfavorable living conditions, frequent residency change, lack of child insurance and primary healthcare delivery were significantly associated with seroprevalence of HBV infection among Romas. No child in either group was found positive for HCV markers. These findings document high socioeconomic differentials with regards to preventable communicable diseases, such as HAV and HBV and underline the need for enhancing health policy action targeting pockets of minority childhood populations. Whereas, uptake of HBV vaccination is rather optimal in this general population, the high seroprevalence of HAV among Romas, also calls for implementing general vaccination for HAV, early in life.

  2. The Roma: People without a Home or Grave

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    Vera Klopčič

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Although the Roma have been living in Europe for centuries, they still face rejection by majority populations, being treated as undesirable strangers in almost all European countries. Written evidence of their arrival can be traced back to the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. There are many legends and myths about their origins and reasons for emigrating from their country of origin. Until recently, the Roma transmitted their own history only as oral tradition. One of the best-known contemporary Roma intellectuals, journalist and writer Rajko Djurić, picturesquely explains the importance of the Romany language for further exploration of Roma culture and their origin: “Romany is the only book they brought from India; it constitutes their collective memory and reflects the views of this people, to themselves, to the world, and to other peoples. Their language is an inventory of the material and spiritual culture to which they once belonged, and contains elements of culture of other peoples that they came into contact with during their long and yet insufficiently studied journey.” When the Roma arrived in Europe, their lifestyle differed significantly from that of other European peoples. As a result, majorities and other groups in Europe intervened in their lives for centuries. They were forced to abandon their nomadic way of life. In the past, authorities often expelled them from their territory and they did not enjoy legal protection when violence or crimes were committed against them. Living in isolated settlements, excluded from social life, segregated, and discriminated against by others, they lived on the margins as a people without a home or a grave. At the same time, they established their parallel world as a system of social norms valid within their community, and within it all non-Roma were perceived as gadje ‘outsiders’. Roma legends explain the reasons for their nomadic way of life: they contain stories of persecution and

  3. Romanian Roma: An Institutional Ethnography of Labour Market Exclusion

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    Janne Paulsen Breimo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Roma individuals are struggling to access the formal labour market in Romania. Previous research occupied with this issue has traditionally been dominated by quantitative studies of socio-economic indicators that cling to the characteristics of the ethnic group. The study presented here, however, uses institutional ethnography as a method of social inquiry to demonstrate that this issue needs to be studied from a bottom-up perspective. The article illustrates that there are factors connected to how the system of occupational integration operates that must be taken into consideration in order to explain the difficulties Roma individuals face when trying to enter the labour market in Romania. We argue that these structural barriers create and reinforce processes of minoritising that increase marginalization and discrimination and thereby hinder work inclusion for Roma individuals.

  4. Roma in Serbia after the Collapse of Yugoslavia: Political implications and media silence on racial violence

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    Nataša SIMEUNOVIĆ BAJIĆ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to clarify the Roma issue in Serbia. Media representations of attacks against Roma are very important. The Roma are marginalized members of Serbian society. They are often the victims of violence and discrimination that are related to stereotypes and prejudice about Roma ”otherness”. The media paid special attention to the murder of Duško Jovanović in 1997 because it was the first official murder based on racial hatred. This case study shows that the topics of the assassination of the Roma are no more attractive to the media and that the “spiral of silence” occupies an important role.

  5. Giuseppe Cafiero sulle orme di Joyce a Roma

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    Carla De Petris

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In 2006 Giuseppe Cafiero published James Joyce, Roma & altre storie, a novel with thriller-like undertones that weaves stories around the author of Ulysses. In her conversation with the author, Carla de Petris investigates the genesis of the novel and reflects on the post-modernist stances of its complex plot.

  6. Creativity and Anxiety in Roma and Serbian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spasic, Miljana

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we present a research whose aim was to investigate the relationship between creativity and anxiety during the period of early adolescence. Furthermore, we were interested in discovering potential differences among Roma and Serbian adolescents at the level of creativity, situational and general anxiety. The sample consisted of 60…

  7. Shame and Anxiety Feelings of a Roma Population in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouva, M; Mentis, M; Kotrotsiou, S; Paralikas, Th; Kotrotsiou, E

    2015-12-01

    Shame is a crucial issue for Roma. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of shame and anxiety feelings in a Roma population living in Greece and assess the differentiation of these feelings between Roma men and women. A quota sample of 194 Roma adult men and women living in Southern Greece was retrieved. The Experiences of Shame Scale (ESS), the Other As Shamer Scale (OAS) and the Spielberg's State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were used. Women scored statistically significantly higher than men on ESS, whereas men scored higher on OAS scale (52.27 ± 16.91 vs 45.42 ± 9.98 and 35.93 ± 16.94 vs 30.87 ± 13.72 respectively). Women scored higher than men in both STAI subscales, however significant differences were observed only in State Anxiety scale (48.83 ± 9.26 vs 43.20 ± 9.81). OAS total score was inversely related to state anxiety, whereas ESS total score was positive related to trait anxiety, all correlations being significant at p shame and anxiety. Cultural, social and minority issues contribute to feelings of inferiority and anxiety experience.

  8. Roma Ordusunda Beslenme Düzeni

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    Olcay TURAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tarih boyunca ortaya çıkmış önemli devletlerin tamamı varlıklarını korumak ve sürdürebilmek için güçlü silahlı kuvvetlere ihtiyaç duymuşlardır. Bir ordunun savaşta ve barışta güçlü olmasını sağlayan pek çok etken söz konusudur. Komuta kademesinin becerisi, uygulanan taktikler, çağa ayak uydurabilme becerisi ve kullandıkları silah araç ve gereçleri bir ordunun güçlü olabilmesinin en önemli faktörleri asında yer almaktadır. Fakat tüm bu şartlar sağlanmış olsa bile sürdürülebilir bir lojistik olmadan başarısızlık kaçınılmaz olacaktır. Bu bağlamda Roma’da hem Cumhuriyet hem de İmparatorluk dönemlerinde askeri başarılar elde etmesinin temelinde sürdürülebilir bir lojistiğe sahip olması yatmaktadır. Eskiçağ tarihi içerisinde lojistikten kasıt ise askerler için gerekli yiyecek ve içeceğin temin edilmesidir. Roma da kurulduğu andan itibaren askerlerin bedensel ihtiyaçlarını gerçekleştirmek gayesi ile askerleri için gerekli her tür besin kaynağını düzenli bir şekilde sağlamıştır

  9. Risk factors for childhood malnutrition in Roma settlements in Serbia

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    Janevic Teresa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Children living in Roma settlements in Central and Eastern Europe face extreme levels of social exclusion and poverty, but their health status has not been well studied. The objective of this study was to elucidate risk factors for malnutrition in children in Roma settlements in Serbia. Methods Anthropometric and sociodemographic measures were obtained for 1192 Roma children under five living in Roma settlements from the 2005 Serbia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. Multiple logistic regression was used to relate family and child characteristics to the odds of stunting, wasting, and underweight. Results The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight was 20.1%, 4.3%, and 8.0%, respectively. Nearly all of the children studied fell into the lowest quintile of wealth for the overall population of Serbia. Children in the lowest quintile of wealth were four times more likely to be stunted compared to those in the highest quintile, followed by those in the second lowest quintile (AOR = 2.1 and lastly by those in the middle quintile (AOR = 1.6. Children who were ever left in the care of an older child were almost twice as likely to stunted as those were not. Children living in urban settlements showed a clear disadvantage with close to three times the likelihood of being wasted compared to those living in rural areas. There was a suggestion that maternal, but not paternal, education was associated with stunting, and maternal literacy was significantly associated with wasting. Whether children were ever breastfed, immunized or had diarrhoeal episodes in the past two weeks did not show strong correlations to children malnutrition status in this Roma population. Conclusions There exists a gradient relationship between household wealth and stunting even within impoverished settlements, indicating that among poor and marginalized populations socioeconomic inequities in child health should be addressed. Other areas on which to focus

  10. Comparison of the health of Roma and non-Roma children living in the district of Teplice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dostál, Miroslav; Topinka, Jan; Šrám, Radim

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 5 (2010), s. 435-441 ISSN 1661-8556 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50390512 Keywords : Roma children * health * morbidity Subject RIV: DN - Health Impact of the Environment Quality Impact factor: 2.241, year: 2010

  11. Health Behaviors, Nutritional Status, and Anthropometric Parameters of Roma and Non-Roma Mothers and Their Infants in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambouskova, Jolana; Dlouhy, Pavel; Krizova, Eva; Prochazka, Bohumir; Hrncirova, Dana; Andel, M

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic. Design: Maternal interviews and food frequency questionnaire, maternal blood samples, physical measurements of mothers and infants. Setting: Hospital, maternal/child care center; 2-4 days postpartum.…

  12. Santo Agostinho e o De excidio urbis Romae sermo

    OpenAIRE

    Urbano, Carlota

    2006-01-01

    Na sequência da queda de Roma em 410, Santo Agostinho afirma no sermão que aqui tomamos que Roma não foi destruída. Não faltaram da parte da população pagã as acusações ao cristianismo. Os próprios cristãos estariam confundidos ao assistir à humilhação da cidade que guardava os túmulos dos apóstolos Pedro e Paulo. Santo Agostinho não tarda em responder a estas recriminações e perplexidades, primeiro em textos relativamente breves como os Sermões, para além de algumas referências em cartas, e ...

  13. Geovisualización del turismo urbano. Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Girardin

    2008-11-01

    Este trabajo, presenta la oportunidad emergente que supone el uso y práctica de geo-visualizaciones que permiten revelar el "pulso de una ciudad" con la visualización de los datos espacio-temporales generados gracias a la interacción de las personas con el entorno urbano, para lo cual se georreferencian algunos fenómenos en la ciudad de Roma.

  14. Why Roma Children Need Language Asessments in Romani

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    Kyuchukov Hristo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we make one major point: that Roma children in Europe need to be tested in their mother tongue before school placement. Roma children are in a particularly perilous position with respect to their education. We describe the problematic linguistic situation of Roma children, who are bilingual and often bidialectal, but are frequently evaluated in the language of the state for educational placement, a process that has been shown to significantly compromise their chance of success. We then review the considerable empirical evidence that bilingual children must be evaluated in both languages to give a fair assessment of their knowledge and skills. Furthermore, strength in the mother tongue has demonstrable transfer to skills in the second language. We provide a brief summary of a new assessment for Romani that has been used successfully to evaluate children aged 3 to 6 years, and present the results of a new study using it in Slovakia on 29 children aged 3 to 6 years.

  15. Roma et Barbaries: a evolução do conceito de barbárie em Roma Antiga.

    OpenAIRE

    Gouvêa, Márcio; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

    2014-01-01

    Desde a República, quando Roma expandiu suas fronteiras além da península Itálica, a lida com o conceito de barbárie foi fundamental para a definição da condição cultural da Vrbs e do estatuto de seus cidadãos. Inserindo-se tardiamente no mundo helenístico, Roma precisou consolidar sua condição educacional para ocupar a posição hegemônica no campo civilizacional do Mediterrâneo, como fizera belicamente. Para tanto, o conceito de humanitas, transformado depois nas especificidades da romanitas,...

  16. Natality and infant mortality in Roma children in the Prešov region

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    Ján Koval

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the lack of exact data on natality and infant mortality rates of the Roma living in Slovakia we aim to look closer into these parameters, analyze them and in this respect compare two ethnic groups: Roma and non-Roma Slovak children. Material and methods: In the time period from 1997 to 2011, we collected data in selected parameters (birth rate, infant mortality rate, the number of newborns with low birth weight, the number of children abandoned by their mothers after birth in the Prešov region, and we evaluated them. Findings: A declining natality rate was observed in non-Roma children, as opposed to an upward trend in Roma children. In 1997, every fourth child was born to a Roma woman; in 2011, it was every third child. A declining infant mortality rate was observed in all groups studied. In the Roma children, the decline in the infant mortality rate was the biggest, yet the mere infant mortality rate, in this group of children, was the highest – in 1997 and in 2011 approximately 3-times higher than in the children born to non-Roma mothers. Conclusion: In our study, the infant mortality rate of Roma children is on decline, yet still it is high when compared to the non-Roma population. This may be caused by low interest of the Roma in providing health care to their children and their low responsibility or their inability to take responsibility for health and health care education of their children.

  17. International Policy and Roma Education in Europe: Essential Inputs or Centralized Distractions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Melanie H.

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the case of Roma inclusion in education as a study of the ways in which international policy can and cannot bring change at the local level. I first reflect on the numerous international organizations and initiatives to improve the educational outcomes of Roma, and to reduce segregation and other non-inclusionary practices.…

  18. A Study on the Mothers of Roma Children Who Are a Risk Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orçan, Maide; Çiçekler, Canan Yildiz; Ari, Ramazan

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to define Roma mothers' views regarding their children's education and their tendency towards crime. The study is based on an illustrative case study method. The participants of this study are mothers of Roma children between the ages of 4 and 6 who live in Konya, Turkey--more specifically in the Yenimahalle neighborhood in the…

  19. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

  20. Exploring the social relations of Roma employability: The case of rural segregated communities in Romania

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    Loreni Elena Baciu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article reports on a qualitative study of Roma employability in Romania. Being the largest ethnic minority group in Europe, the Roma population is the object of profound marginalization in most of the countries where they reside, by measures such as spatial segregation and exclusion from the formal labour market. This article focuses particularly on the Roma living in rural segregated communities. Inspired by institutional ethnography, the aim is to explore the social organization of rural Roma employability from the standpoint of the Roma themselves. The main obstacles to employment, as they are known and shared by our interviewees, are a lack of available jobs within reach, their own lack of education and a rejection by employers on the grounds of them being Roma. As the analyses show, these obstacles, and the individual’s experiences and knowledge about them, are shaped and maintained by extended translocal relations of administration and governance, thus making the rural Roma dependent on a precarious secondary labour market of low-paid day work for neighbouring farmers. The uncertainty of this work, and the organization and work of everyday life it implies for the people inhabiting these communities, further increases the distance to formal employment. It is this complex set of relations coordinating people’s doings that produce the employability of Roma inhabiting the rural segregated communities.

  1. Intercultural Policies and the Contradictory Views of Teachers: The Roma in Catalonian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beremenyi, Balint-Abel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the contradictions and lack of consistency between various levels of discourse relating to Roma educational policies. Policy-makers have claimed that political interventions would positively impact the progress of Roma. However, the results have been mixed. We argue here that teachers need to re-evaluate their roles as…

  2. Involving Roma parents: analysing the good practice of a primary school in Ghent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wauters, J.; Van Mol, C.; Clycq, N.; Michielsen, J.; Timmerman, C.

    2017-01-01

    Recently, societal and academic attention toward the topic of Roma integration has been increasing. With this article we aim to make a contribution to the domain of educational research. We explore strategies that schools can adopt to improve the involvement of Roma parents. Using a theory-based

  3. [Contraception in the Roma population living in two low-income neighborhoods of Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asensio, Alba; Nebot, Laia; Estruga, Lluïsa; Perez, Glòria; Diez, Èlia

    2018-02-22

    To describe the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods and health services in the Roma population (Kale/Spanish Gitanos) of two low-income neighbourhoods of Barcelona (2011-2015). Mixed. Community setting. 1) Descriptive cross-sectional study. We interviewed with a questionnaire a sample of residents of childbearing age. We compared the knowledge and use of contraception and services by ethnic self-identification and sex with adjusted logistic regression models to obtain adjusted odds ratio (ORa) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). 2) Qualitative descriptive study with ethnographic method. We interviewed 10 Roma residents and three health professionals to explore aspects of contraception, family and roles. We performed a narrative analysis of discourse from the recorded texts. 834 people participated, with an 11.8% self-identified Roma population. With regard to the non-Roma population, more Roma women used tubal ligation (ORa: 3.0; 95%CI: 1.3-7)] and implant (ORa:4.9; 95%CI: 3.1-72), and had better knowledge of IUD (ORa: 2,4; 95%CI: 1,4-4,1), tubal obstruction (ORa: 3,3; 95%CI: 1,1-9,9) and injectables (ORa: 2,4; 95%CI: 1.3-4.4). Roma men used withdrawal more frequently (ORa: 3.6; 95%CI: 1.3-10), a practice confirmed in the qualitative study. Both communities used emergency contraception and health services. In the Roma population, contraception and reproduction are in the hands of women. As abortion is culturally penalized in the Roma population, women use it, but they face it alone. Gender emerged as a cross-cutting determinant in all issues explored. In the Roma population reproductive control and contraception remain the responsibility of women. Once the family is complete, Roma women use long-term contraception. Both populations use health services. Copyright © 2018 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Genetic studies of the Roma (Gypsies: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gresham David

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data provided by the social sciences as well as genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma (Gypsies who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations appears complex and has not been addressed by population genetic studies. Results Recent medical genetic research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations. A summary of the findings, provided in this review, should assist diagnosis and counselling in affected families, and promote future collaborative research. The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Conclusion Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this underprivileged and forgotten people of Europe. Reported carrier rates for some Mendelian disorders are in the range of 5 -15%, sufficient to justify newborn screening and early treatment, or community-based education and carrier testing programs for disorders where no therapy is currently available. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programs and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.

  5. A Community-Based Study to Estimate the Seroprevalence of Trichinellosis and Echinococcosis in the Roma and Non-Roma Population of Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antolová, Daniela; Halánová, Monika; Janičko, Martin; Jarčuška, Peter; Reiterová, Katarína; Jarošová, Júlia; Madarasová Gecková, Andrea; Pella, Daniel; Dražilová, Sylvia

    2018-02-02

    Trichinellosis and cystic and alveolar echinococcosis are serious parasitic diseases transmissible between animals and humans. Moreover, alveolar echinococcosis is considered one of the most dangerous of human helminthoses. Roma communities are particularly numerous in Central and Eastern Europe. They are often concentrated in economically undeveloped regions and live in segregated localities with unsatisfactory housing and sanitary conditions. The study aimed to find out the seroprevalence of Trichinella and Echinococcus infections in the Roma population of segregated settlements and to compare it with the seropositivity of the non-Roma population of eastern Slovakia. Out of 823 samples, three sera showed seropositivity to Trichinella in the ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test. Subsequent Western blot reaction (WB) confirmed seropositivity in two Roma women. ELISA seropositivity to E. multilocularis was recorded in six persons (0.73%), and five (0.61%) respondents were seropositive to E. granulosus , but WB confirmed the presence of antibodies to Echinococcus spp. in one Roma participant. Positive persons suffered from unspecific clinical symptoms; Trichinella -positive persons reported headache, cough, fatigue, and muscle pain. The Echinococcus -positive participant suffered from headache and back pain. The study showed that the worse living conditions of the Roma community did not significantly influence the occurrence of Trichinella and Echinococcus infections in this minority.

  6. A Community-Based Study to Estimate the Seroprevalence of Trichinellosis and Echinococcosis in the Roma and Non-Roma Population of Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Antolová

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Trichinellosis and cystic and alveolar echinococcosis are serious parasitic diseases transmissible between animals and humans. Moreover, alveolar echinococcosis is considered one of the most dangerous of human helminthoses. Roma communities are particularly numerous in Central and Eastern Europe. They are often concentrated in economically undeveloped regions and live in segregated localities with unsatisfactory housing and sanitary conditions. The study aimed to find out the seroprevalence of Trichinella and Echinococcus infections in the Roma population of segregated settlements and to compare it with the seropositivity of the non-Roma population of eastern Slovakia. Out of 823 samples, three sera showed seropositivity to Trichinella in the ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. Subsequent Western blot reaction (WB confirmed seropositivity in two Roma women. ELISA seropositivity to E. multilocularis was recorded in six persons (0.73%, and five (0.61% respondents were seropositive to E. granulosus, but WB confirmed the presence of antibodies to Echinococcus spp. in one Roma participant. Positive persons suffered from unspecific clinical symptoms; Trichinella-positive persons reported headache, cough, fatigue, and muscle pain. The Echinococcus-positive participant suffered from headache and back pain. The study showed that the worse living conditions of the Roma community did not significantly influence the occurrence of Trichinella and Echinococcus infections in this minority.

  7. La Dea Roma de Segóbriga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín ALMAGRO-GORBEA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Una hermosa escultura romana a la que hemos creído podríamos llamar desde ahora la «Dea Roma de Segóbriga», realizada en mármol blanco. Ahora ofrece una acusada pátina de color hueso. Mide 1,95 m. de altura, 0,69 de anchura máxima y 0,54 de grueso en su parte más voluminosa. Se conserva en el Museo de Cuenca.

  8. O impacto das ideias de Sisto V na cidade : Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Viegas, Diogo Miguel Estrela Santos Baptista, 1988-

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Arquitectura, Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa, 2014 Exame público realizado em 5 de Fevereiro de 2014 Na presente dissertação pretendemos compreender a importância que tiveram as ideias implementadas pelo Papa Sisto V, durante o seu curto pontificado, na cidade de Roma. Assim, numa primeira abordagem, procuraremos perceber a evolução da cidade desde as suas origens até à época do papado de Sisto V, fazendo referência à Cidade Imperial, à Cidade Med...

  9. Il cielo sopra Roma I luoghi dell’astronomia

    CERN Document Server

    Buonanno, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    L’astronomia a Roma c’è sempre stata, ma un po’ nascosta: era nei palazzi, nelle chiese o, meglio, sopra le chiese, specole disseminate lungo un percorso che oramai conoscono in pochi. I romani hanno assistito, incuriositi ed impauriti, al rogo di Giordano Bruno in un angolo di Campo de' Fiori a loro familiare, ma probabilmente non capirono bene di quale colpa fosse accusato. Non pensarono certo che si trattasse di un filosofo e di uno scienziato che aveva cercato di immaginare in che modo era fatto il mondo. Chi era questo Galileo, di cui si celebrava il processo a S. Maria sopra Minerva? Era un uomo che voleva cambiare la prospettiva del mondo e che, per questo, era stato ammonito da Roberto Bellarmino. E chi era questo gesuita, Secchi, che nel 1870 costringeva gli Italiani a privare Roma del suo Osservatorio Astronomico, visto che il Direttore non riconosceva lo Stato Italiano? Come è possibile che dopo la visita di Hitler a Mussolini alla vigilia della Guerra, la Germania decise di regalare all’...

  10. Multivoicedness and ethnic identity in change processes in Roma culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Crespo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a methodology, based on Mikhail M. Bakhtin's approach to the study of narrative, as a tool to analyze the processes of cultural change in minority groups. In particular, we analyze the multiple voices that are present in the statements of members of Roma communities when they talk about and express their culture. Roma communities are displayed in a process of profound cultural shift and where different voices have a dialog, some voices come from cultural tradition, other voices come from models of the dominant social group, and other voices come from the attempt to compromise between them. This multivoicedness is the playing field between minority and majority groups, movements of dialogue happen, assimilations, resistances, creating new cultural differences and hybridization. So, a scene is developed in a constant process of change in which daily practices often must respond to different and even contradictory goals, and in which different voices are intertwined in the process of constructing new identities.

  11. Social housing and situation of Roma minority in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindita Xhillari

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The right to social housing is sanctioned as a fundamental human right in a number of international instruments ratified by Albania, but currently this right does not find adequate protection in Albania’s legislation. The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Affairs of the United Nations, has set standards concerning the right to adequate housing. The right to social housing should not be equated with having a roof over head, but should be seen as the right to live somewhere safely and with dignity. The right to social housing should be provided to all people regardless of their income and implemented in a manner consistent with their resources. Lack of an adequate legal framework of the right to housing, today has consequences on several issues as for examples the case of the eviction of Roma to the Lake area in Tirana, lack of adequate housing, families with low income, beneficiary families by the aid schemes, homeless women victims of domestic violence, or even the category of tenants housed in former state apartments. Through this paper we will seek to cover many issues and present some recommendations for the improvement and creation of facilities for vulnerable groups such as the Roma minority, in order to meet and set objective standards regarding social housing

  12. Collective identity and well-being of Bulgarian Roma adolescents and their mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; van de Vijver, Fons J R

    2014-03-01

    In Europe and specifically in Bulgaria, Roma represent the largest indigenous ethnic minority exposed to severe discrimination, social exclusion, poverty, and compromised well-being. To improve their conditions, identifying sources of psychological well-being for Roma is theoretically relevant and practically important. This study investigated the relation between ethnic, familial, and religious identities as salient collective identity components for psychological well-being among 194 Roma adolescents (age: M = 16.11 years, SD = 1.36) and their mothers (age: M = 35.95 years, SD = 3.54). The results indicated that in line with marginalization models of acculturation, Roma youth and their mothers showed a low endorsement of both Bulgarian mainstream and Roma ethnic identity. The average scores of well-being were also low. For both groups, familial identity was stronger compared to Roma, Bulgarian, and religious identity. A path model showed that collective identity was a positive predictor of well-being in both adolescents and mothers and that the mothers' collective identity was a predictor of adolescent well-being. Bulgarian mainstream identity had the strongest relationship with collective identity. It is concluded that, for Roma youth and their mothers, family is an important identity domain as it represents the most salient identification source that is not challenged in their environment.

  13. Hate Speech or Genocidal Discourse? An Examination of Anti-Roma Sentiment in Contemporary Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Townsend

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Roma in contemporary Europe are the frequent targets of hate speech and discriminatory state policies. Despite being the largest minority in the European Union with a population of 10-12 million, they are frequently denied a space in European society, and are widely perceived to be unchangeable and inherently ‘other’. As a result, Roma experience substantially inferior life conditions when compared to majority European populations. Despite the many recent European Union initiatives and action plans, such as the Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005-2015, the situation of Roma in contemporary Europe is not improving, and in some cases is actually worsening. This persecution is not a modern phenomenon; Roma have suffered stigmatisation and exclusion throughout their history in Europe. The severity and continuity of the persecution of Roma at the hands of a multitude of European authorities suggests the presence of an underlying motivation or intent that informs both the rhetoric about and treatment of Romani people. This paper will examine if the persecution of Roma in contemporary Europe is guided by a genocidal discourse. To this end, the boundaries between hate speech, genocidal discourse, and incitement to genocide will be scrutinised. It will be argued that both the way the Roma are spoken about and the treatment they receive are informed by a genocidal discourse that has endured relatively unchanged throughout their history in Europe. Roma are not just racially vilified, rather their culture as well as their physical presence in contemporary Europe are widely devalued in both words and in state action. Any improvement in their situation is therefore unlikely while this discourse continues.

  14. Roma Hip Hop as a Multiculturalist Soundtrack. R-Point: The Pedagogy of a Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Banić-Grubišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the phenomenon of Roma hip hop in Serbia, its origins and popularization through music workshops for Roma children organized by the non-governmental organization R-Point. The paper analyzes a supposedly liberatory cultural practice, and argues that its designing „from above“, through non-governmental agencies' projects whose declarative aim is to help the Roma, actually petrifies their identity, reducing their entire cultural output to certain elements attractive to the dominant culture and traditionally recognized as „Roma“.

  15. Approaching the empowerment of roma women: an analysis from an intersectional view

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    Uxue Zugaza Goienetxea

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the process of empowerment of roma women. Considering the intersection of inequalities that they face, the article points out that an analytical turn of these processes is needed in order to approach them from an intersectional view. In this context, the introduction of this perspective in the consideration of the empowerment of roma women is seen as a necessary step in order to inspire and rethink the democratization in terms of recognition of this collective. The article tackles the following question then: what does intersectionality tell about the empowerment of roma women? With this objective, the text discusses the life’s testimonies of five roma women collected through in-depth interviews. Through the analysis of the tensions emerging during their processes of empowerment, the paper concludes with some proposals in order to overcome these obstacles.

  16. An empirical test of self-control theory in Roma adolescents

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vazsonyi, A. T.; Ksinan Jiskrova, G.; Ksinan, A. J.; Blatný, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 44, March 01 (2016), s. 66-76 ISSN 0047-2352 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : Roma * Romani * Self-control * Cross - cultural * Deviance * Parenting Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 2.339, year: 2016

  17. National minorities in Brno. The cultural heritage of Roma in excluded locations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pospíšilová, Jana; Poláková, J.; Brožovičová, K.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 5 (2015), s. 18-34 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : National minorities * Roma * Cultural heritage * exclusion * Brno Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  18. Access to primary healthcare services for the Roma population in Serbia: a secondary data analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idzerda, Leanne; Adams, Orvill; Patrick, Jonathan; Schrecker, Ted; Tugwell, Peter

    2011-08-18

    Serbia has proclaimed access to healthcare as a human right. In a context wherein the Roma population are disadvantaged, the aim of this study was to assess whether the Roma population are able to effectively access primary care services, and if not, what barriers prevent them from doing so. The history of the Roma in Serbia is described in detail so as to provide a context for their current vulnerable position. Disaggregated data were analyzed from three population groups in Serbia; the general population, the Roma population, and the poorest quintile of the general population not including the Roma. The effective coverage framework, which incorporates availability, affordability, accessibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of health services, was used to structure the secondary data analysis. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children less than five years of age was used as an example as this is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years old in Serbia. Roma children were significantly more likely to experience an ARI than either the general population or the poorest quintile of the general population, not including the Roma. All three population groups were equally likely to not receive the correct treatment regime of antibiotics. An analysis of the factors that affect quality of access to health services reveal that personal documentation is a statistically significant problem; availability of health services is not an issue that disproportionately affects the Roma; however the geographical accessibility and affordability are substantive issues that disproportionately affect the Roma population. Affordability of services affected the Roma and the poorest quintile and affordability of medications significantly affected all three population groups. With regards to acceptability, mothers from all three population groups are equally likely to recognize the importance of seeking treatment. The Roma should be assisted in applying for personal

  19. Ethnic Housing Segregation and the Roma/Gypsy population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia

    and affirmation of cultural identities. This paper aims to contribute to this debate. It focuses upon the ethnic housing segregation of the Gypsy/ Roma population in Portugal, and asks if ethnic clustering on a number of housing estates is the result of a voluntary impulse towards aggregation (therefore perceived......Questions of spatial segregation and over-representation of ethnic minority groups with weak connections to the labour market are central to the political and policy agenda across Europe and academic studies in the fields of housing and urban regeneration. In some countries, the spatial...... concentration of ethnic minorities is considered in itself an indicator of socio-spatial disadvantage, accentuating pathological discourses related to ethnic communities but in turn providing more resources for these areas. In other countries, where policies have a less preventive character and only intervene...

  20. Multi-probleemgezinnen met een Roma-achtergrond: waarom verloopt hun integratie moeizaam?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vina Wijkhuijs

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Roma multi-problem families in the Netherlands: what hinders their integration?The European Commission has entrusted the EU Member States with the preparation of a national Roma integration strategy in order to address more effectively the challenges of the inclusion of Europe’s largest ethnic minority. This article offers insight into the complex situation of Roma communities in the Netherlands on the basis of the following question: What is known about the problems that occur in families with a Roma background and what recommendations can be made to promote their integration? This article is based on 33 interviews with professionals from different welfare organizations and social services. What follows is that intervention is necessary in certain families, but to accomplish this, problems relating to the attitudes of these families and inconsistencies in care and (law enforcement policies must be overcome. Given the highly complex nature of these issues, the integration of Roma multi problem families requires a long-term and, most of all, consistent approach.Multi-probleemgezinnen met een Roma-achtergrond: waarom verloopt hun integratie moeizaam?De Europese Commissie heeft de EU-lidstaten opgedragen een aanpak te ontwikkelen voor de integratie van Roma, zijnde de grootste etnische minderheidsgroep in Europa. Deze bijdrage belicht de situatie in Nederland aan de hand van de volgende vraag: Wat is onder professionals bekend over de problemen die zich bij gezinnen met een Roma-achtergrond voordoen en welke aanbevelingen kunnen worden gedaan om hun integratie te bevorderen? Wat volgt is dat interventie in bepaalde gezinnen noodzakelijk is, maar dat de aanpak stuit op de houding en leefwijze van deze gezinnen en op inconsistenties in de hulpverlening en handhaving. Wat nodig is, is aandacht voor het bijzondere van de problematiek zonder deze te verbijzonderen, en versterking van de ketenregie.

  1. Health impact assessment of Roma housing policies in Central and Eastern Europe: A comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molnár, Ágnes; Ádám, Balázs; Antova, Temenujka; Bosak, Lubos; Dimitrov, Plamen; Mileva, Hristina; Pekarcikova, Jarmila; Zurlyte, Ingrida; Gulis, Gabriel; Ádány, Róza; Kósa, Karolina

    2012-01-01

    Marginalised Roma communities in European countries live in substandard housing conditions the improvement of which has been one of the major issues of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, the ongoing intergovernmental European Roma programme. The paper presents EU-funded health impact assessments of national Roma housing policies and programmes in 3 Central and Eastern European countries in light of the evaluation of a completed local project in a fourth CEE country so as to compare predicted effects to observed ones. Housing was predicted to have beneficial health effects by improving indoor and outdoor conditions, access to services, and socioeconomic conditions. Negative impacts were predicted only in terms of maintenance expenses and housing tenure. However, observed impacts of the completed local project did not fully support predictions especially in terms of social networks, satisfaction with housing and neighbourhood, and inhabitant safety. In order to improve the predictive value of HIA, more evidence should be produced by the careful evaluation of locally implemented housing projects. In addition, current evidence is in favour of planning Roma housing projects at the local rather than at the national level in alignment with the principle of subsidiarity. - Highlights: ► Predictive validity of HIA of national Roma housing policies – in light of current evidence – is low. ► Implemented housing projects should be comprehensively evaluated to improve reliability of HIA. ► Roma housing projects should be planned at the local rather than at the national level. ► HIA should be used to plan Roma housing projects at the local level.

  2. Qualification of Food Intake by the Roma Population in the Region of South Bohemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Sedova

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of a correlation study, aimed at quantifying the food intake of the Roma population in the South Bohemian Region. To achieve the goal, we applied the method of one-day dietary recall and frequency food analysis (non-standardized. The quantification was carried out by analysis in the Nutridan program. The study involved 302 Roma persons and 298 persons in the control group. Both groups had the same representation of males and females (50:50. The age categories of both sets differed; the average age of the Roma was lower (39.2 years (p < 0.001. The probands from the Roma population were chosen with the help of the snowball method through known respondents. The statistical analysis shows differences in nutritional estimate between the Roma population and the control sample. The Roma differ in their energy intake. Both groups showed lower intake of sugars, below 50% total energy intake (TEI and higher intake of fats, above 30% TEI. The respondents from both groups consume little fruits and vegetables, which may be connected with their low dietary fiber intake. In addition to the differences in the nutritional estimates, we recorded statistically significant differences in body mass index (BMI; p < 0.001, in age (p < 0.001, regular alimentation (p = 0 and demanding physical activities (p = 0. In spite of the fact our groups differed in age (the Roma are younger, it can be assumed that the obesity of the Roma may be caused by unbalanced alimentation and lack of physical activities.

  3. Low vaccination coverage of Greek Roma children amid economic crisis: national survey using stratified cluster sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petraki, Ioanna; Arkoudis, Chrisoula; Terzidis, Agis; Smyrnakis, Emmanouil; Benos, Alexis; Panagiotopoulos, Takis

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: Research on Roma health is fragmentary as major methodological obstacles often exist. Reliable estimates on vaccination coverage of Roma children at a national level and identification of risk factors for low coverage could play an instrumental role in developing evidence-based policies to promote vaccination in this marginalized population group. Methods: We carried out a national vaccination coverage survey of Roma children. Thirty Roma settlements, stratified by geographical region and settlement type, were included; 7–10 children aged 24–77 months were selected from each settlement using systematic sampling. Information on children’s vaccination coverage was collected from multiple sources. In the analysis we applied weights for each stratum, identified through a consensus process. Results: A total of 251 Roma children participated in the study. A vaccination document was presented for the large majority (86%). We found very low vaccination coverage for all vaccines. In 35–39% of children ‘minimum vaccination’ (DTP3 and IPV2 and MMR1) was administered, while 34–38% had received HepB3 and 31–35% Hib3; no child was vaccinated against tuberculosis in the first year of life. Better living conditions and primary care services close to Roma settlements were associated with higher vaccination indices. Conclusions: Our study showed inadequate vaccination coverage of Roma children in Greece, much lower than that of the non-minority child population. This serious public health challenge should be systematically addressed, or, amid continuing economic recession, the gap may widen. Valid national estimates on important characteristics of the Roma population can contribute to planning inclusion policies. PMID:27694159

  4. Low vaccination coverage of Greek Roma children amid economic crisis: national survey using stratified cluster sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papamichail, Dimitris; Petraki, Ioanna; Arkoudis, Chrisoula; Terzidis, Agis; Smyrnakis, Emmanouil; Benos, Alexis; Panagiotopoulos, Takis

    2017-04-01

    Research on Roma health is fragmentary as major methodological obstacles often exist. Reliable estimates on vaccination coverage of Roma children at a national level and identification of risk factors for low coverage could play an instrumental role in developing evidence-based policies to promote vaccination in this marginalized population group. We carried out a national vaccination coverage survey of Roma children. Thirty Roma settlements, stratified by geographical region and settlement type, were included; 7-10 children aged 24-77 months were selected from each settlement using systematic sampling. Information on children's vaccination coverage was collected from multiple sources. In the analysis we applied weights for each stratum, identified through a consensus process. A total of 251 Roma children participated in the study. A vaccination document was presented for the large majority (86%). We found very low vaccination coverage for all vaccines. In 35-39% of children 'minimum vaccination' (DTP3 and IPV2 and MMR1) was administered, while 34-38% had received HepB3 and 31-35% Hib3; no child was vaccinated against tuberculosis in the first year of life. Better living conditions and primary care services close to Roma settlements were associated with higher vaccination indices. Our study showed inadequate vaccination coverage of Roma children in Greece, much lower than that of the non-minority child population. This serious public health challenge should be systematically addressed, or, amid continuing economic recession, the gap may widen. Valid national estimates on important characteristics of the Roma population can contribute to planning inclusion policies. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

  5. Securing a Right to Health: "Integration Villages" and Medical Citizenship of Roma People in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manson, Daniel

    2017-12-01

    A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion -integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums." This article is based on ethnographic research among residents of an integration village and a number of unauthorized encampments in Strasbourg, France. This article analyzes the village d'insertion as a contemporary setting where the uneven medical citizenship of Roma migrants in France is being articulated in relation to wider debates about Roma inclusion in Europe. Ultimately, the village d'insertion is a local manifestation of state power, where the division between those deserving and undeserving of public support is reconfigured through the provision and exclusion of access to rights such as health care and shelter.

  6. CULTURAL IDENTITY AND CITIZENSHIP. THE CASE OF THE ROMA MINORITY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VALENTIN QUINTUS NICOLESCU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available My paper focuses on the intersection between the Roma cultural-identitary construction and the political concept of citizenship, trying to reveal if such an approach can prove itself helpful in providing a better understanding of the unilaterality of the majority-Roma relationship. By unilaterality I understand the particular model in which the Roma-Romanian relationship has structured itself overtime. It mainly consists of a segregationist view that stresses the majority’s responsibility with the minority’s integration process and the failures to promote a partnership with the minority. This approach tends, in my opinion, to treat the minority in absentia, producing therefore the well-known effects of the so-called “Roma problem”. On the other hand, the idea of empowering the Roma minority is also seen as being fundamentally within the majority’s attributions, therefore contradicting the very essence of the concept. My approach seeks to apply a theoretical framework developed first by Gramsci and later by Boudieu to this particular situation. Thus I hope to be able to provide a better understanding of both the history and the present of majority-minority relations and to highlight possible directions or outcomes relating to the dichotomy of integration/communitarian privacy in the case of the Roma minority.

  7. Uma Times Square para Roma. Construções da cidade de Roma em produções midiáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Menezes, Victor Henrique da Silva

    2015-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo tecer algumas considerações acerca da forma como a cidade de Roma do século I. a.C foi representada no seriado Roma (2005- 2007), produzido pelas redes de televisão HBO, BBC e RAI. Para tal, serão destacados alguns cenários e imagens apresentados na série, inspirados em centros urbanos modernos, bem como depoimentos de produtores, diretores e consultores de história que atuaram em sua produção. Por fim, serão ressaltadas algumas das possíveis influências ...

  8. Is the Definition of Roma an Important Matter? The Parallel Application of Self and External Classification of Ethnicity in a Population-Based Health Interview Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janka, Eszter Anna; Vincze, Ferenc; Ádány, Róza; Sándor, János

    2018-02-16

    The Roma population is typified by a poor and, due to difficulties in ethnicity assessment, poorly documented health status. We aimed to compare the usefulness of self-reporting and observer-reporting in Roma classification for surveys investigating differences between Roma and non-Roma populations. Both self-reporting and observer-reporting of Roma ethnicity were applied in a population-based health interview survey. A questionnaire was completed by 1849 people aged 18-64 years; this questionnaire provided information on 52 indicators (morbidity, functionality, lifestyle, social capital, accidents, healthcare use) indicators. Multivariate logistic regression models controlling for age, sex, education and employment were used to produce indicators for differences between the self-reported Roma ( N = 124) and non-Roma ( N = 1725) populations, as well as between observer-reported Roma ( N = 179) and non-Roma populations ( N = 1670). Differences between interviewer-reported and self-reported individuals of Roma ethnicity in statistical inferences were observed for only seven indicators. The self-reporting approach was more sensitive for two indicators, and the observer-reported assessment for five indicators. Based on our results, the self-reported identity can be considered as a useful approach, and the application of observer-reporting cannot considerably increase the usefulness of a survey, because the differences between Roma and non-Roma individuals are much bigger than the differences between indicators produced by self-reported or observer-reported data on individuals of Roma ethnicity.

  9. Is the Definition of Roma an Important Matter? The Parallel Application of Self and External Classification of Ethnicity in a Population-Based Health Interview Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eszter Anna Janka

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The Roma population is typified by a poor and, due to difficulties in ethnicity assessment, poorly documented health status. We aimed to compare the usefulness of self-reporting and observer-reporting in Roma classification for surveys investigating differences between Roma and non-Roma populations. Both self-reporting and observer-reporting of Roma ethnicity were applied in a population-based health interview survey. A questionnaire was completed by 1849 people aged 18–64 years; this questionnaire provided information on 52 indicators (morbidity, functionality, lifestyle, social capital, accidents, healthcare use indicators. Multivariate logistic regression models controlling for age, sex, education and employment were used to produce indicators for differences between the self-reported Roma (N = 124 and non-Roma (N = 1725 populations, as well as between observer-reported Roma (N = 179 and non-Roma populations (N = 1670. Differences between interviewer-reported and self-reported individuals of Roma ethnicity in statistical inferences were observed for only seven indicators. The self-reporting approach was more sensitive for two indicators, and the observer-reported assessment for five indicators. Based on our results, the self-reported identity can be considered as a useful approach, and the application of observer-reporting cannot considerably increase the usefulness of a survey, because the differences between Roma and non-Roma individuals are much bigger than the differences between indicators produced by self-reported or observer-reported data on individuals of Roma ethnicity.

  10. Risk factors associated with the practice of child marriage among Roma girls in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotchkiss, David R; Godha, Deepali; Gage, Anastasia J; Cappa, Claudia

    2016-02-01

    Relatively little research on the issue of child marriage has been conducted in European countries where the overall prevalence of child marriage is relatively low, but relatively high among marginalized ethnic sub-groups. The purpose of this study is to assess the risk factors associated with the practice of child marriage among females living in Roma settlements in Serbia and among the general population and to explore the inter-relationship between child marriage and school enrollment decisions. The study is based on data from a nationally representative household survey in Serbia conducted in 2010 - and a separate survey of households living in Roma settlements in the same year. For each survey, we estimated a bivariate probit model of risk factors associated with being currently married and currently enrolled in school based on girls 15 to 17 years of age in the nationally representative and Roma settlements samples. The practice of child marriage among the Roma was found to be most common among girls who lived in poorer households, who had less education, and who lived in rural locations. The results of the bivariate probit analysis suggest that, among girls in the general population, decisions about child marriage school attendance are inter-dependent in that common unobserved factors were found to influence both decisions. However, among girls living in Roma settlements, there is only weak evidence of simultaneous decision making. The study finds evidence of the interdependence between marriage and school enrollment decisions among the general population and, to a lesser extent, among the Roma. Further research is needed on child marriage among the Roma and other marginalized sub-groups in Europe, and should be based on panel data, combined with qualitative data, to assess the role of community-level factors and the characteristics of households where girls grow up on child marriage and education decisions.

  11. Research approaches to the investigation of the issue of the Roma ethnic group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasić Aleksandar D.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dealing with many and various problems presented by the reality of the Roma ethnic group is at the centre of interest of numerous scientific disciplines and social sciences. Compiling the inventory of new and fresh items of knowledge about various aspects of the Roma life is an important element of a wider field of research in which the Roma are one of the ethnic groups under scientific investigation. Readiness to treat the Roma in the spirit of humanist tradition which in modern times has been accepted as a paradigm of human development, has launched numerous initiatives by society and social institutions to realize a justified request that the problems of the position of the Roma deserve to be treated in the context of both science as well as the global context of social structure. The research into essential questions of the life of the Roman community comprise a number of historical, ethnological, anthropological, demographic and sociological aspect which can be investigated together can be placed within a scientific framework.

  12. Inconvenient Human Rights: Water and Sanitation in Sweden's Informal Roma Settlements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Martha F; Ryan, Natasha

    2017-12-01

    Following an increase in Roma migration under the European "freedom of movement" laws, Swedish municipalities initiated more than 80 evictions of informal Roma settlements on the grounds of poor sanitation between 2013 and 2016. These evictions echo policies from earlier in the 20th century, when Roma living in Sweden were often marginalized through the denial of access to water and sanitation facilities. The recent Swedish evictions also follow similar government actions across Europe, where Roma settlements are controlled through the denial of access to water and sanitation. However, access to water and sanitation-central aspects of human health-are universal human rights that must be available to all people present in a jurisdiction, regardless of their legal status. The evictions described here violated Sweden's obligations under both European and international human rights law. More positive government responses are required, such as providing shelters or camping sites, setting up temporary facilities, and directly engaging with communities to address water and sanitation issues. The authors conclude by providing guidance on how states and municipalities can meet their human rights obligations with respect to water and sanitation for vulnerable Roma individuals and informal settlements in their communities.

  13. The Impact of Legal Advocacy Strategies to Advance Roma Health: The Case of Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdikeeva, Alphia; Covaci, Alina

    2017-12-01

    Across Europe, Roma face exclusion and obstacles in access to health services, resulting in poorer health. While there are legal and policy frameworks for Roma inclusion, implementation often lags behind. Increasing the grassroots capacity of Roma to advocate for accountability in health care and against systemic impediments has been a central focus of Open Society Foundations (OSF) support. This analysis discusses the impact of an OSF-supported legal advocacy project on Roma health rights in Macedonia. The paper uses qualitative indicators to measure the capacity of nongovernmental organizations, accountability for violations, changes in law and practice, and impact on communities. The methodology for assessing the impact of legal advocacy was developed over the course of OSF's legal advocacy project and used to calculate the baseline and conduct the follow-up assessment to track progress across four strategies: legal empowerment, documentation and advocacy, media advocacy, and strategic litigation. Results show that legal advocacy has led to a notable increase in Roma awareness of their health rights. The number of lawsuits has risen dramatically, and cases are increasingly more sophisticated. Although accountability in health care is still the exception rather than the rule, blatant violations have been reduced. Some structural barriers have also been tackled. At the same time, new challenges require continuous and adaptable legal advocacy.

  14. The social class gradient in health in Spain and the health status of the Spanish Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Parra Casado, Daniel; Gil González, Diana; de la Torre Esteve, María

    2016-10-01

    To determine the social class gradient in health in general Spain population and the health status of the Spanish Roma. The National Health Survey of Spanish Roma 2006 (sample size = 993 people; average age: 33.6 years; 53.1% women) and the National Health Surveys for Spain 2003 (sample size: 21,650 people; average age: 45.5 years; 51.2% women) and 2006 (sample size: 29,478 people; average age: 46 years; 50.7% women) are compared. Several indicators were chosen: self-perceived health, activity limitation, chronic diseases, hearing and sight problems, caries, and obesity. Analysis was based on age-standardised rates and logistic regression models. According to most indicators, Roma's health is worse than that of social class IV-V (manual workers). Some indicators show a remarkable difference between Roma and social class IV-V: experiencing three or more health problems, sight problems, and caries, in both sexes, and hearing problems and obesity, in women. Roma people are placed on an extreme position on the social gradient in health, a situation of extreme health inequality.

  15. The diagnostic value of serum HE4 and CA-125 and ROMA index in ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, S U; Li, Hui; Zhang, Bei

    2016-07-01

    Ovarian cancer is a common malignancy of the female reproductive system. Tumor markers serve as tools in the diagnosis of the disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the diagnostic value of sera levels of carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA-125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) as well as the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) index in ovarian cancer. The sera were measured using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay on 158 individuals (64 patients with ovarian cancer, 64 with ovarian benign tumor and 30 healthy individuals) between September 2013 and May 2015. The results showed that levels of HE4 and CA-125 in the sera of the ovarian benign tumor group as well as their ROMA index were significantly higher (PCA-125 was significantly higher (PCA-125. In the ovarian cancer group, the areas under ROC curves of ROMA, HE4 and CA-125 were 0.994, 0.990 and 0.941, respectively. The specificity and positive predictive value of HE4 in the premenopausal ovarian cancer group reached 98.36 and 95%, respectively. In conclusion, the results showed that the serum level of HE4 and the ROMA index are important indicators in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. However, in addition to HE4 and CA-125 detection, the ROMA index is extremely valuable in improving the diagnostic efficiency of ovarian cancer.

  16. Extranjeras en la Roma de Marcial y Juvenal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis POSADAS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de las extranjeras en el mundo romano debería realizarse contando con una crítica textual de las fuentes escritas de que disponemos para comprobar si están contaminadas por la intencionalidad política, filosófica, moral o de cualquier otro género de sus autores. Este tipo de trabajos debería sustituir a la simple utilización de mujeres descontextualizadas, y a su presentación como si fueran pura historia social de Roma. Tras estudiar a las extranjeras en las obras de Tácito, Suetonio y Floro, y a las mujeres en general, incluidas las extranjeras, en Plinio el Joven, pasamos ahora a intentar corroborar o refutar las conclusiones de aquellos trabajos con el estudio de las extranjeras en Marcial y Juvenal. En general, se observa una cierta buena intención hacia las extranjeras, con la mención de varios exempla uirtutis, más que de exempla uitiorum. Esto viene a mostrar en los literatos (poetas como Marcial y Juvenal, epistológrafo como Plinio, una diferente actitud hacia las extranjeras que la mostrada por los historiadores. Quizá debido a su mayor apego a la realidad social de su tiempo.

  17. “Village-making in the city”: Communities of Roma migrants and anti-Gypsyism in Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Battaglini

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article, developed out of a research project which lasted several years, analyses the tensions between, on one side, Romanian Roma back-and-forth migrants, and on the other side, Geneva's police. In the last decade, these tensions are mostly linked to begging (an activity which provides small daily incomes to the majority of the 250 Romanian Roma living in the city, that is since 2007 a crime. These tensions between police officers and Roma are part of a wider European punishing-the-poor urban governance model, and bring to the exclusion of other actors from the public action. Through the interaction between the moral and symbolic violence linked to police intervention, the high visibility of Roma in public place and their reconnection with previous experiences, such tensions re-create the ethnic divide between Roma and non-Roma. As a consequence, Roma who have their roots in rural and peri-urban Transylvania use their “village making” practices to perform a symbolic and social appropriation of the town notwithstanding “anti-Gypsy” repression. The “village making” of the Roma becomes thus a specific form of response in a context  (Geneva and more generally Switzerland where the occupation of urban and peri-urban territory through the “camps” experienced in other European towns does not exist.

  18. Approach to prevention of obesity of Roma population in the Region of South Bohemia with focus on selected eating behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolák, František; Šedová, Lenka; Nováková, Dita; Olišarová, Věra

    2016-12-01

    To survey obesity prevention methods for use in the Roma population with a focus on eating behaviors. A semi-structured interview was used to identify potentially useful obesity prevention methods. Basic anthropometric measurements were also gathered at the same time. This study was part of the "Obesity and overweight in the Roma minority in the Region of South Bohemia" research project (grant project 280-COST-LD14114). Participants consisted of members of the Roma minority (302 respondents) as well as the majority (Czech) population for comparisons. Differences in eating behaviors like irregular eating schedules and excessive consumption of fast food were observed. Statistically significant differences between the Roma minority and the majority (Czech/non-Roma) population were found in this area with the help of statistical significance tests. The Chi-square characteristic of independence (χ2) was, in case of this distribution, valued at 30.815 with 5 degrees of freedom, P preventive health check-ups statistically less often than members of the majority population. Differences between the majority and the Roma population were also found in the degree of patient cooperation with general practitioners. The results show that the Roma population is more likely to engage in eating behaviors that can contribute to overweight and obesity than the majority population. Based on the results of a semi-structured interview and on the results of anthropometric measurements, we can say that the Roma population is at a greater health risk, relative to overweight and obesity, than the majority population.

  19. Work-integrated learning and health literacy as catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Ringsberg, Karin C; Crondahl, Kristine

    2018-01-01

    an approach that can be used in participatory projects aiming at improving the living situation of marginalized people. In such an approach, the Roma themselves would be the leaders in all activities concerning the group. The first aim of this paper is to describe how health literacy and work......-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research...... participants. The findings indicate that work-integrated learning may be a worthwhile approach for increasing the individual empowerment and self-led social inclusion of vulnerable people. However, the obstacles of structural discriminatory nature hindered the project to reach its full potential in its...

  20. Nutrition of the roma children and its impact on some indicators of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ján Koval

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Human health is to a large extent a reflection of the nature of his diet. Eating habits of the Roma community is a result of different ethno-culture, higher degree of poverty, lack of education, unemployment and lack of knowledge about nutrition. Nutrition of the Roma children in many ways replicates the deficiencies and errors at their parents – mainly inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables, relatively low intake of milk and milk products, and in contrast, the diet is dominated by inappropriate consumption of meat, white bread, sugary drinks and sweets. Wrong is also low number of daily meals. A positive phenomenon is the higher proportion of breast-fed children in the comparison of the majority population, as well as its longer duration. Inadequacy of the diet, of course, along with other factors, reflects the different anthropometric parameters of Roma children, blood pressure and serum lipids.

  1. Advancing human rights in patient care of Roma: access to health insurance in Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salioska, Nesime; Lee, Theodore T; Quinn, Ryan

    2017-01-01

    Roma in Macedonia suffer from dire health consequences due to economic factors, such as high rates of unemployment and poverty, and social factors, including discrimination by medical providers. Although Macedonia administers a public health care system for its citizens, Roma frequently lack access to this system in contravention of the rights to health and equality enshrined in Macedonia's Constitution and international law. Applying a human rights in patient care (HRPC) framework to this problem, we discuss a facially neutral law that predicated access to health insurance for low-income citizens on the submission of a statement of income. This requirement created additional barriers to care, which we describe in this article. Even after the Constitutional Court declared the requirement invalid, the government failed to implement appropriate changes to the law in a timely manner. We argue this failure threatened the rule of law in the country and further marginalized and discriminated against Roma in violation of their human rights.

  2. Intergenerational transmission of ethnic identity and life satisfaction of Roma minority adolescents and their parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Trost, Kari

    2015-12-01

    This study investigates intergeneration transmission of ethnic identity as a resource for life satisfaction of Roma adolescents and their parents. Historically, Roma represent the largest ethnic minority in Europe. They have been exposed to severe discrimination, social exclusion, and poverty. Therefore, identifying resources for their life satisfaction is theoretically and practically important. The present study included 1093 participants, of which there were 171 Roma adolescents (age: M = 14.96 years, SD = 1.85), 155 mothers (age: M = 36.16 years, SD = 5.77) and 123 fathers (age: M = 39.68 years, SD = 6.06). Further, a comparison group of 248 mainstream adolescents with their mothers (n = 221) and fathers (n = 175) was also included in the study. Adolescents and their parents provided data on ethnic identity (MEIM; Phinney, 1992) and life satisfaction (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985). Results indicated that Roma youth were lower on endorsement of ethnic identity and average on life satisfaction compared to their mainstream peers. A structural equation model showed that ethnic identity was a positive predictor of life satisfaction for both adolescents and their Roma parents. Furthermore, parents' ethnic identity was a predictor of adolescent life satisfaction. We concluded that for Roma youth and their parents, ethnic identity represents a salient source for life satisfaction and an intergenerational continuity of identity and life satisfaction exists. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Voices on Italy’s Recent History: Aulò: Roma postcoloniale and La quarta via

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linde Luijnenburg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di:Simone Brioni (ed., Somalitalia: Quattro Vie per Mogadiscio/Somalitalia: Four Roads to Mogadishu. With the documentary La quarta via: Mogadiscio, Pavia. Roma, Kimerafilm,2012, 37 p., ISBN: 9788890771408. € 15,00.Ribka Sibhatu, Aulò! Aulò! Aulò! Poesie di nostalgia, d’esilio ed’amore. Aulò! Aulò! Aulò! Poems of Nostalgia, Exile and Love.With the documentary by Simone Brioni (ed. Aulò: Romapostcoloniale, Roma, Kimerafilm, 2012, 41 p., ISBN:9788890771415. € 15,00.

  4. Race and Populist Radical Right Discourses: Implications for Roma Education Policy in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugosi, Nicole V. T.

    2015-01-01

    Non-government organizations and policy makers agree that the best route to eradicating the widespread discrimination and poverty among the Roma is to improve the quality of and access to education. A cursory glance at the Hungarian Government website suggests that policy makers are on top of the problem with good laws and initiatives in place.…

  5. Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly: Media Provisions in New Texts on (Roma) Migrants and Refugees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McGonagle, T.

    2012-01-01

    The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) adopted its Resolution 1889 on the portrayal of migrants and refugees during election campaigns and its Recommendation 2003 (2012) on Roma migrants in Europe on 27 and 28 June 2012 respectively. While formally distinct, the texts display

  6. The Inclusion of Slovak Roma Pupils in Secondary School: Contexts of Language Policy and Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Mark

    2017-01-01

    The arrival of large numbers of Slovak Roma to Sheffield over a relatively short period has inserted two new languages (Slovak and Romani) into an already diverse, multilingual school environment. Schools face challenges in welcoming the new migrant children, inducting and integrating them and facilitating access to the English school curriculum.…

  7. An empirical test of self-control theory in Roma adolescents

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vazsonyi, A. T.; Ksinan Jiskrova, G.; Ksinan, A. J.; Blatný, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 44, March 01 (2016), s. 66-76 ISSN 0047-2352 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : Roma * Romani * Self-control * Cross-cultural * Deviance * Parenting Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 2.339, year: 2016

  8. Occurrence of microsporidia as emerging pathogens in Slovak Roma children and their impact on public health

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Halanová, M.; Valenčáková, A.; Malčeková, B.; Kváč, Martin; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Balent, P.; Čisláková, L.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 4 (2013), s. 695-698 ISSN 1232-1966 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : microsporidia * Enterocytozoon bieneusi * Encephalitozoon cuniculi * roma children * zoonotic potential Subject RIV: FN - Epidemiology, Contagious Diseases ; Clinical Immunology Impact factor: 3.060, year: 2012

  9. "Rhome, Rumon, Ruma": una aproximación global al origen del nombre de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Luis Casquillo Fumanal

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La etimología del nombre de Roma es todavía un problema abierto. Quedan en pie las teorías que hacen derivar Roma del etrusco Rumon, «río», o del itálico Ruma, «ubre, colina». Pasada ya la fiebre etruscológica, ahora que el relato tradicional de la fundación de Roma por Rómulo adquiere nuevo vigor en la escuela arqueológica italiana de Andrea Carandini, resulta oportuna la reivindicación de la etimología de Roma a partir del itálico Ruma, teniendo en cuenta el conjunto de nuevos datos —sobre todo antropológicos— que contribuyen a dar valor a esta teoría.The etimology of the name Rome is yet an open probleme. They are still standing theories that make derive Rome from the etruscan word Rumon, «river», or from the italic word Ruma, «nipple, hill». Nowadays, when the etruscological fever is gone and the traditional story of the foundation of Rome by Romulus obtains a new consistency in the italian archaeological school of Andrea Carandini, it turns very oportune the reivindication of the etimology of Rome from italic Ruma, bearing in mind the joint of new dates —especially anthropological dates— that contribute to value this theory.

  10. "Otherness" as Threat: Social and Educational Exclusion of Roma People in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthenis, Christos; Fragoulis, George

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on aspects of the social and educational exclusion that Roma people face in the Greek context. It argues that diversity has been constructed as a threat for the security, the social cohesion, and the well-being of western societies. Drawing from two case studies of primary schools conducted in a highly deprived suburb of Athens,…

  11. Nostalgia and Sentimentality Among Minority Elderly People (Bulgarian Roma People and Hungarians Living in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislava Stoyanova

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nostalgia and sentimentality are very typical for the old age. There are some characteristics that are perceived as typical for the elderly people in the different cultures, such as being dependent, and needing long-term care. There are also some similarities between the population tendencies in Bulgaria and Romania. The simultaneously acceptance in European Union of both countries also suggests the existence of some similar attitudes towards the past among elderly minority people in both countries. The hypothesis of the study was that together with some similarities, the elderly people from both ethnic minorities in the two countries would differ cross-culturally in their sentimentality and nostalgia related to the past. Sentimentality and nostalgia in elderly minority people (26 Roma people in Bulgaria and 21 Hungarians in Romania were measured by means of a questionnaire created by Gergov & Stoyanova (2013. The results indicated that the Hungarian minority in Romania was more sentimental and nostalgic than the Roma minority in Bulgaria. More thoughts about the past reported the minority young elders than the minority oldest old. The females from the minority groups were more sentimental than the males from the minority groups. Higher sentimentality and nostalgia among elderly Hungarians could be explained by their higher conservatism and more satisfaction with the hystorical past than Roma people. Roma people living in institutions felt a sense of stability in their present and they shared some positive expectations for the future.

  12. Roma e a questão geográfica.

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Jussemar Weiss

    2008-01-01

    Este artigo trata da relação entre Geografia e História a partir do estudo das origens da cidade de Roma. Isto mostra-nos de uma forma clara que a questão do território só adquire importância quando relacionada a outros fatores.

  13. Roma e a questão geográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussemar Weiss Gonçalves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da relação entre Geografia e História a partir do estudo das origens da cidade de Roma. Isto mostra-nos de uma forma clara que a questão do território só adquire importância quando relacionada a outros fatores.

  14. CULTURAL-ECOLOGICAL THEORY AND THE LANGUAGE EDUCATION OF ROMA CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristo Kyuchukov

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents results from language testing of 70 Roma children from Bulgaria - pupils of grade 1, studying in one of the biggest Roma settlement’s schools in Sofia, “Fakulteta” district. The children were tested using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test. The test measures language comprehension and language production of the children at the beginning and end of the school year. Between the first and second testing, the teaching methodology in instruction for the children was changed - a Roma assistant teacher whose task was to use the mother tongue of the children as a communicative tool was introduced to the classes. The results of the children during the second testing were substantially better and they are discussed in the light of the theory of the American anthropologist J. Ogbu, who developed his cultural-ecological theory (CE in the 1980s. The results of the children are analyzed via dispersion analysis using ANOVA. According to Ogbu’s CE theory, the school success of minority children depends on the attitudes of the society at large and the level of community support. The paper also briefly discusses the reason why the de-segregation of the Roma children and their integration into mainstream schools in Bulgaria has largely proved to be a failure.

  15. Continuity or Rupture? Roma/Gypsy Communities in Rural and Urban Environments under Post-Socialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruzicka, Michal

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the article is to contribute to existing research and debates on social change associated with the post-socialist transformation in Eastern and Central Europe. It does so by drawing attention to and examining the diversity of ways in which such change has been lived through and reflected upon by members of Roma (Gypsy) communities…

  16. Predictors of medication use in the Roma population in Spain: a population-based national study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Pérez, M; Hernández Barrera, V; López de Andrés, A; Jiménez-Trujillo, I; Jiménez-García, R; Carrasco-Garrido, P

    2015-05-01

    To describe the prevalence of prescribed and self-medicated use of medication in the Spanish Roma population, and identify the associated factors. Descriptive cross-sectional study. Data from the first National Health Survey conducted on the Roma population in Spain were used. The sample comprised 1000 Spanish Roma adults of both sexes aged ≥16 years. Answers (yes/no) to the question, 'In the last two weeks have you taken the following medicines [in reference to a list of medicines that might be used by the population] and were they prescribed for you by a doctor?' were used to ascertain 'medication use'. 'Self-medication' referred to use of these medicines without medical prescription. Using multivariate logistic regression models, odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to identify associated factors. The overall prevalence of medication use in the Roma population for both sexes was 69.1%, and 38.7% was self-medicated. Females reported higher use of medication than males (75.1% vs 62.3%); however, self-medication was higher among males. Analgesics and antipyretics were used most often (35.8%). Among males, the variables that were independently and significantly associated with a higher probability of medication use were: age; negative perception of health; presence of chronic disease (OR 2.81; 95% CI 1.67-4.73); and medical visits (OR 4.51; 95% CI 2.54-8.01). The variables were the same among females, except for age. A high percentage of the Spanish Roma population use medication, and a significant proportion of them self-medicate. The presence of chronic diseases, a negative perception of health and medical consultations were associated with increased use of medication in the study population. Copyright © 2015 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The mediating effect of discrimination, social support and hopelessness on self-rated health of Roma adolescents in Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Van Dijk, Jitse P

    2015-11-19

    According to the EU-MIDIS report on discrimination, Roma are the most discriminated against group in Europe. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination may itself be detrimental to health. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether discrimination, hopelessness and social support mediate differences in self-rated health (SRH) between Roma and non-Roma adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Roma from separated and segregated settlements in the eastern part of Slovakia (N = 330; mean age = 14.50; interview) and non-Roma adolescents (N = 722; mean age = 14.86; questionnaire); only non-missing data were used for analyses (n = 759). The effect of perceived discrimination, mother and father social support, and hopelessness on SRH was analysed as crude and adjusted for ethnicity, age, gender, parental education and social desirability. Mediating effects were separately assessed using the Sobel test and structural equation modelling. Roma adolescents reported poorer SRH and more discrimination, mother and father social support, hopelessness and social desirability. Roma ethnicity (Odds ratio/95 %-Confidence interval 3.27/2.40-4.47), discrimination (2.66/1.82-3.88), hopelessness (1.35/1.20-1.51) and mother (0.92/0.88-0.97) and father social support (0.96/0.93 - 0.997) were statistically significant predictors of poor SRH. Perceived discrimination, social support and hopelessness mediated the ethnicity-health association, with adjustment for social support increasing its strength and the other two variables decreasing it. Perceived discrimination, social support and hopelessness mediate a part of the association between Roma ethnicity and poor SRH, with discrimination and hopelessness being risk factors and social support a protective factor.

  18. Ethnic, Familial, and Religious Identity of Roma Adolescents in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania in Relation to Their Level of Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; van de Vijver, Fons J R; Taušová, Jitka; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; Buzea, Carmen; Uka, Fitim; Tair, Ergyul

    2017-05-01

    This study examines ethnic, national, familial, and religious identity and well-being of 632 Roma minority and 589 majority adolescents (age: M = 15.98 years, SD = 1.34) in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Results indicated that Roma showed lower endorsement of national identity but stronger religious identity than their majority counterparts. Path models showed positive associations of familial and religious identities with well-being, whereas Roma identity was negatively associated with well-being, particularly for Roma in Bulgaria and Kosovo (countries with a less active policy toward improving conditions of Roma). In the latter countries, Roma ethnic identity is less relevant and weakly associated with psychological well-being of youth. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  19. One Culture or Multiple Cultures? The Diversity of Roma People in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Talewicz-Kwiatkowska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One Culture or Multiple Cultures? The Diversity of Roma People in Poland There are no universal criteria which would be useful to describe the diversity of all of the Roma. Their presence in given country is linked to adaptive processes to majority societies. It is the majority that creates condition and space to which minorities need to adapt somehow. The results of the above-mentioned adaptive processes also vary and depend on an external context. The attitude of given populations towards minorities and the current political and economic situation of given country, where the Roma settled had and still has significant influence on mentioned processes. The way of life of different Romani groups has also a great importance, because sedentary way of life (typical for most European Roma and external influences especially on culture and models of lifestyle also furthered the adaptive processes. The cultural diversity among the Roma is the case not only with the groups living in different countries. It needs to be emphasized that the Roma who have lived in one country for centuries are not a homogenous group in terms of their culture. Previous migration processes and sedentary or nomadic way of life had a great influence on this internal diversity. In Poland with four distinguished Romani groups such diversity occurs between Carpathian Roma (Bergitka Roma, Polish Highlander Roma and traditionally nomadic groups: Polska Roma, Lovara, Kelderari. This article is mainly based on available sources and dissertations on the subject. However it refers to the field research regarding the use of European Union’s funds for the Roma community in Poland, which was conducted by the author in 2010 and 2011.   Kultura jedna czy wieloraka? Zróżnicowanie populacji romskiej w Polsce Nie istnieją uniwersalne kryteria użyteczne w opisie zróżnicowania wszystkich Romów. Ich obecność w danym kraju wiąże się z procesami adaptowania się do społeczeństw wi

  20. Refining the genetic portrait of Portuguese Roma through X-chromosomal markers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pereira, Vania; Gusmão, Leonor; Valente, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    chromosome, underlining the importance of using combined information from the X chromosome and autosomes to dissect patterns of genetic diversity. Following the out-of-India dispersion, the Roma acquired a complex genetic pattern that was influenced by drift and introgression with surrounding populations......Due to differences in transmission between X-chromosomal and autosomal DNA, the comparison of data derived from both markers allows deeper insight into the forces that shape the patterns of genetic diversity in populations. In this study, we applied this comparative approach to a sample...... of Portuguese Roma (Gypsies) by analyzing 43 X-chromosomal markers and 53 autosomal markers. Portuguese individuals of non-Gypsy ancestry were also studied. Compared with the host population, reduced levels of diversity on the X chromosome and autosomes were detected in Gypsies; this result was in line...

  1. Increasing Critical Health Literacy of Roma People trough Participatory Action Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    to take a leading role in their integration process a 2-year action research was implemented in 2010-2012. The idea was to strengthen the Roma Peoples’ critical health literacy which allows them to analyze and apply health information to oppose the forces that are holding them oppressed and to take better...... control over their life situation. The objective of this paper is to discuss methodological issues based on experiences of the use of participatory research approach in increasing health literacy. Methods: The core of the intervention was ‘training of trainers’ of a group of Roma people from western...... people and the public service employees. Their mutual viewpoints improved as their insight into each other’s life circumstances increased. However, rigidity and an inability to see the character of the emancipatory approach of the project by the authorities created difficulties for its implementation...

  2. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

    OpenAIRE

    Angela TEJA

    2013-01-01

    La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, s...

  3. Rank-Ordered Multifractal Analysis (ROMA of probability distributions in fluid turbulence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. C. Wu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Rank-Ordered Multifractal Analysis (ROMA was introduced by Chang and Wu (2008 to describe the multifractal characteristic of intermittent events. The procedure provides a natural connection between the rank-ordered spectrum and the idea of one-parameter scaling for monofractals. This technique has successfully been applied to MHD turbulence simulations and turbulence data observed in various space plasmas. In this paper, the technique is applied to the probability distributions in the inertial range of the turbulent fluid flow, as given in the vast Johns Hopkins University (JHU turbulence database. In addition, a new way of finding the continuous ROMA spectrum and the scaled probability distribution function (PDF simultaneously is introduced.

  4. The Roma Community and International Institutions: Only Relative Success in the Protection of Human and Minority Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagoda Novak

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper treats problems pertaining to the legislative framework, as well as to the practical implementation of mechanisms for the protection of the human and minority rights of the Roma community. Special emphasis is placed on international and European protective mechanisms, on the pressure that they exert on national states, as well as on their frameworks for protecting the human rights of the Roma community, which – in view of the absence of a mother state in this case – is the only guarantee for the respect of Roma human rights. International frameworks and activities are also the only guarantee assuring the social integration of the Roma, a goal towards which modern European society strives. The paper attempts to determine the position of Croatia in respect to European countries in this matter, with special reference to problems in education faced by the Roma community and on the experience of the non-governmental and donator sector in regard to work with the Roma community. An overview of existing documents and acts reveals that a legislative framework for respecting Roma rights already exists, and that the European Union just has to supplement it with a legislative document exclusively dealing with the problems of the Roma, given the specific aspects of realising the human rights of members of this community. In the implementation of legislative acts, however, there is a series of inconsistencies, resulting from inadequate monitoring of the implementation of European documents, from an absence of repercussions for non-implementing them and from an imbalanced approach to old and new members of the European Union. In the context of association with the European community of states, Croatia has an opportunity to improve the position of its Roma community in a relatively short period of time and to accelerate the social integration of the Roma, although – due to an unsatisfactory and non-systematic approach, no consultations with

  5. Mise en ligne de ROMA: A guide to policy engagement and ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... Après avoir oeuvré 10 ans à l'élaboration de la démarche de cartographie des incidences, le CRDI a joué un rôle de premier plan pour ce qui est de mettre ... du programme RAPID (Rapid Outcome Mapping Approach – ROMA) par des organismes qui oeuvrent au développement partout dans le monde.

  6. Unfavourable birth outcomes in the Roma women in the Czech Republic and potential explanations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bobák, M.; Dejmek, Jan; Solanský, I.; Šrám, Radim

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 5, - (2005), s. 106-111 ISSN 1471-2458 R&D Projects: GA MŽP(CZ) SI/340/2/00; GA MŽP SL/740/5/03; GA AV ČR 1QS500390506 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50390512 Keywords : molecular epidemiological studies * Roma population * pregnancy outcomes Subject RIV: DN - Health Impact of the Environment Quality Impact factor: 1.658, year: 2005

  7. [Knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of the Roma population regarding colorectal cancer screening].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago-Portero, María Carmen; Gómez-García, José Manuel; Reig-Gómez, Helena; Oltra-Durá, Tatiana; Gascón-Cánovas, Juan José

    To identify predisposing, inhibitory and facilitating factors that may affect participation in colorectal cancer screening programs in the Roma population. Qualitative and exploratory study by focus group technique. Three focus groups of men and three groups of women were carried out, with a total of 16 men and 18 women from the Roma population, aged 50-69 years, from the province of Alicante. A discourse analysis was performed with the PRECEDE model as an analysis framework. Several barriers to participation were identified, such as the aversion of the Roma population to talk about cancer, refusal to anticipate a diagnosis that can cause suffering to the person and their family, poor knowledge of the disease and the preventive programmes, refusal to collect and handle samples, fear and shame about the colonoscopy, acceptance of divine will, difficulties in understanding and reading, and the perception of being discriminated by their ethnicity in the health sector. However, predisposing factors to participate in the screening programme also were identified, for example willingness to receive relevant information through more appropriate pathways, as well as their confidence in professional counselling. A willingness to receive the recommendation to participate and understanding information from health professionals have been identified. This will enable us to envisage potential strategies for approaching this population group. This could contribute to improved participation of the Roma population in colorectal cancer screening programmes and to open up new ways to promote preventive behaviours. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Community Mobilization for Slum Upgrading through Sanitation in Roma Informal Settlements in the Paris Region

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhuri, Ipsita Nita

    2017-01-01

    Background Community-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe’s most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering ...

  9. [Expectations and user experiences of older Roma women with health services in primary care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos-Morcillo, Antonio Jesús; Ruzafa-Martínez, María; Fernández-Salazar, Serafín; Del-Pino-Casado, Rafael

    2015-04-01

    To know the expectations and user experiences of older Roma women with health services in primary care (PC). Phenomenological qualitative study. Using focus groups (4-9 women/group) and semistructured interviews. Audio recorded from March to November 2011. Performed in Úbeda and Linares (Spain). Roma women over 50years. A purposive sample stratified by age and area of residence was carried out. Woman were recruited through community leaders. Process of qualitative content analysis: coding, triangulation, obtain and verify results. Supported whit the software Nvivo 8. Three focus groups and four interviews were conducted, including 23 women. The expectations for the PC are focus exclusively on their physician, being invisible other professionals. They look for a relationship with their physician based on trust. In their user experience with the PC coexist three types of user: who goes to their appointments, demands attention only in acute disease and does not attend appointments and reviews. There are socio-cultural factors related to accessibility. Older Roma women set their expectations and experiences with health service in PC around the binomial disease/physician. Expect attention based on trust and a high instrumentalization. A speech with signs of change directed towards a more active and demanding participation in PC services is observed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Teachers’ implicit beliefs about the students of the Roma and the Hungarian cultural group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrijević Bojana M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Research has shown that the beliefs about cultural, ethnic or racial diversities among students are vital for the effective work of teachers. Hence, in this paper, we aim at determining: (1 in what ways the teachers perceive and interpret the school situation that includes the students from a minority cultural group (Roma and Hungarian, i.e. what kinds of beliefs they express in the given situation; (2 whether there are any differences in the way in which teachers, within the same stadium of development of intercultural sensitivity, perceive the given situation. The sample included class teachers whose score on the Intercultural Development Inventory pointed to intercultural sensitivity in accordance with the stadium of minimisation (seventeen teachers and polarisation (six teachers. The Critical Incident Technique (CI was applied in the study, in two parallel forms: with a Hungarian and a Roma student. Thematic analysis yielded seven topics, four of which occurred only in the CI with a Roma student: Disrespecting school as an institution, Abuse of minority status, Separation from the class and Typical children’s motives. The comparison of teachers’ statements depending on the CI version and the developmental phase indicate that the specificity of a cultural group in question affects the expressed beliefs about this group, regardless of teachers’ intercultural sensitivity.

  11. Assessing the association between 25-OH vitamin D levels and ROMA score in a population of obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasi, E; Capoccia, D; Granato, T; Viggiani, V; Tartaglione, S; Manganaro, L; Angeloni, A; Leonetti, F

    2016-01-01

    The “Risk of Malignancy Algorithm” (ROMA) combines the diagnostic power of the CA125 and HE4 markers with menopausal status to predict the risk for developing epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between 25-OH vitamin D levels and ROMA score in obese women. One hundred and eighteen patients with a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2 (Group 1) and 80 women with a BMI less than 25 kg / m² (Group 2) were studied. The 25-OH vitamin D was quantified with LUMIPULSE® G 1200. As a threshold value, identified by ROC curve analysis, 20.2 ng/ mL (sensitivity 73.3%, specificity 84%) was chosen corresponding to the limit between sufficient and insufficient 25-OH vitamin D according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Low 25-OH vitamin D levels were observed in 64% of obese women and in 11% of normal-weight women (p less than 0.001). ROMA score above 13% was detected only in obese women (19%). An association between low levels of 25-OH vitamin D and ROMA score was observed. Indeed, 64% of obese women with ROMA score >13% had concomitant insufficient levels of 25-OH vitamin D, while only 36% of obese women with ROMA score >13% had sufficient 25-OH vitamin D levels (p less than 0.0001). This study suggests that the deficiency of 25- OH vitamin D in obese women has a possible correlation with high ROMA score.

  12. Comparison of HE4, CA125 and ROMA algorithm in women with a pelvic mass: correlation with pathological outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandri, M T; Bottari, F; Franchi, D; Boveri, S; Candiani, M; Ronzoni, S; Peiretti, M; Radice, D; Passerini, R; Sideri, M

    2013-02-01

    The quality of first surgery is one of the most important prognostic factors in ovarian cancer patients. Pre-surgical distinction of benign and malignant pelvic mass plays a critical role in ovarian cancer management and survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of ROMA algorithm and of CA125 and HE4 in the triage of patients with a pelvic mass undergoing surgery, in order to discriminate benign from malignant disease. Three hundred and forty-nine pre- and post-menopausal women, aged 18 years or older undergoing surgery because of a pelvic mass were enrolled: serum concentrations of CA125 and HE4 were determined and ROMA was calculated for each sample. Median serum CA125 and HE4 levels were higher in patients with EOC compared to subjects with benign disease (p<0.0001). The resultant accuracy (using Receiver Operating Characteristics, ROC Area) values for HE4, CA125 and ROMA showed a good performance ranging from 89.8% for CA125 in pre-menopausal patients to 93.3% for ROMA in post-menopausal patients: AUC for ROMA resulted significantly higher in comparison to CA125 alone (93.3% vs 90.3%, p=0.0018) in post menopausal patients. A sub-analysis considering the 40 patients with endometrioid disease showed the highest accuracy of HE4 in these patients. Data presented confirm the accuracy of HE4 and of the ROMA algorithm in the distinction of ovarian carcinoma from benign disease, with a trend towards better performance for ROMA than for CA125 alone, statistically significant in postmenopausal patients. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. VAiRoma: A Visual Analytics System for Making Sense of Places, Times, and Events in Roman History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Isaac; Dou, Wewnen; Wang, Derek Xiaoyu; Sauda, Eric; Ribarsky, William

    2016-01-01

    Learning and gaining knowledge of Roman history is an area of interest for students and citizens at large. This is an example of a subject with great sweep (with many interrelated sub-topics over, in this case, a 3,000 year history) that is hard to grasp by any individual and, in its full detail, is not available as a coherent story. In this paper, we propose a visual analytics approach to construct a data driven view of Roman history based on a large collection of Wikipedia articles. Extracting and enabling the discovery of useful knowledge on events, places, times, and their connections from large amounts of textual data has always been a challenging task. To this aim, we introduce VAiRoma, a visual analytics system that couples state-of-the-art text analysis methods with an intuitive visual interface to help users make sense of events, places, times, and more importantly, the relationships between them. VAiRoma goes beyond textual content exploration, as it permits users to compare, make connections, and externalize the findings all within the visual interface. As a result, VAiRoma allows users to learn and create new knowledge regarding Roman history in an informed way. We evaluated VAiRoma with 16 participants through a user study, with the task being to learn about roman piazzas through finding relevant articles and new relationships. Our study results showed that the VAiRoma system enables the participants to find more relevant articles and connections compared to Web searches and literature search conducted in a roman library. Subjective feedback on VAiRoma was also very positive. In addition, we ran two case studies that demonstrate how VAiRoma can be used for deeper analysis, permitting the rapid discovery and analysis of a small number of key documents even when the original collection contains hundreds of thousands of documents.

  14. The Prodigies of The Albano Lake During Roman Age and Natural Hazard Assessment At Roma, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funiciello, R.; Giordano, G.; de Rita, D.

    Roma is built just 20 km to the northwest of the Pleistocene Colli Albani volcano, but is believed not exposed to relevant natural hazards, except for the Tiber river flood- ings, and local amplification of seismic waves from distal earthquakes. This belief has generally induced modern historians and geologists to discard as SmythologicalT the & cedil;many references to natural prodigies that are reported by many Roman-age historians. Recent studies have demonstrated that the Albano maar, the youngest volcanic cen- tre of the Colli Albani volcano and presently filled by a 175 m deep lake, protracted its activity to the Holocene triggering several catastrophic lahar events, likely related to lake withdrawal, the deposits of which are exposed to the southwest of Roma and reach its periphery. This finding youngs the history of the volcano and makes it rele- vant to pre-historic settlements, which ScarefullyT avoided the Albano maar slopes up & cedil;to the Bronze age. What is still unknown, though, is whether the lake experienced such fluctuations and overspills during historic times. Several Roman authors such as Ti- tus Livius, Dionigi d'Alicarnasso, Plutarco, Germanico, and many others wrote about the then well known 398 BC prodigious event, when, during the war between Roma and the Etruscan city of Veio, the gods anger caused the sudden rise and overspill of the Albano lake, reported as unrelated to climatic events, and the destructive flooding of the countryside. After that event Romans actually built a tunnel-drain which still operates regulating the lake level at 293 m a.s.l., 70 m below the maar rim elevation. Should those chronicles be truthful, we can join the geologic observation of Holocene lahar deposits from lake withdrawal with historical lake withdrawals, reassessing the natural hazard for the city of Roma under a point of view never explored before. This paper carefully explores the historical credibility of the 398 BC lake overspill event and its

  15. Safety/security in the Baltic ports / Sigitas Dobilinskas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dobilinskas, Sigitas

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne 3.-4. detsembrini 2003 Tallinnas toimunud rahvusvahelisel konverents-näitusel "Logistics and transport in international trade" kirjeldab tegevusi turvalisuse ja ohutuse tagamiseks Klaipeda Riiklikus Meresadamas

  16. Culture and the school: The degree of educational integration of Roma and Gypsies in the Peloponnese region of Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiprianos, Pandelis; Daskalaki, Ivi; Stamelos, Georgios B.

    2012-10-01

    This article examines the degree of integration of Roma and Gypsy children in formal education in the Peloponnese region of Greece. It is based on field research conducted by the University of Patras during the school year 2006/07 within the framework of the Greek Ministry of Education's "Integration of Roma children in school" programme, funded by the European Union. Despite governmental incentives for poor families to enrol their school-aged children, school attendance of Roma and Gypsy children was found to decline from primary year one to primary year six, with hardly any of them entering secondary school at all. Besides looking at school attendance figures and Roma and Gypsy children's proficiency in reading, writing and numeracy, this paper also considers gender, family composition, living conditions and economic situation, as well as culturally constructed perceptions of childhood and a person's life cycle. The aim of this article is to highlight the contradictions and ambiguities involved in the process of incorporating Roma and Gypsy children in formal education, and to evaluate their school performance and assess their academic choices.

  17. Inequalities in mortality by socioeconomic factors and Roma ethnicity in the two biggest cities in Slovakia: a multilevel analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosicova, Katarina; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Stewart, Roy E; Rosic, Martin; Groothoff, Johan W; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2015-11-05

    The socioeconomic and ethnic composition of urban neighbourhoods may affect mortality, but evidence on Central European cities is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between socioeconomic and ethnic neighbourhood indicators and the mortality of individuals aged 20-64 years old in the two biggest cities of the Slovak Republic. We obtained data on the characteristics of neighbourhoods and districts (educational level, unemployment, income and share of Roma) and on individual mortality of residents aged 20-64 years old, for the two largest cities in the Slovak Republic (Bratislava and Kosice) in the period 2003-2005. We performed multilevel Poisson regression analyses adjusted for age and gender on the individual (mortality), neighbourhood (education level and share of Roma in population) and district levels (unemployment and income). The proportions of Roma and of low-educated residents were associated with mortality at the neighbourhood level in both cities. Mutually adjusted, only the association with the proportion of Roma remained in the model (risk ratio 1.02; 95 % confidence interval 1.01-1.04). The area indicators - high education, income and unemployment - were not associated with mortality. The proportion of Roma is associated with early mortality in the two biggest cities in the Slovak Republic.

  18. Racial, Ethnic, or National Minority? Legal Discourses and Policy Frameworks on the Roma in Hungary and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andras L. Pap

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by recent Hungarian legislative developments that, in reference to the Roma minority, exchanged the term “ethnic minority” with “nationality”, by providing a detailed case study of the development and morphology of policy measures and frameworks in Hungary, the article provides a general assessment of the relationship between policy instruments and terminology: that is, definitions and conceptualizations in international and domestic legal and policy documents for minority groups. The author argues that while terminology in itself is not a reliable signifier for policy frameworks, it may reveal contradictory group conceptualization and inconsistent policy-making. In regards to the Roma, the author claims that the inconsistent labelling as an ethnic, racial and national minority reflects the lack of consistent conceptualization of who the Roma are, and what should be done with them.

  19. Roma Children and Young People in Bulgaria: Patterns of Risk and Effective Protection in Relation to Child Sexual Exploitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate D'Arcy

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines patterns of risk regarding child sexual exploitation (CSE. There is specific focus on those living in alternative care, child sexual exploitation and trafficking among Roma communities in Bulgaria and the UK. Data is drawn from a desk-based literature review and partnership work with Bulgarian and British academics and practitioners to explore the issues in both countries. Although there is limited statistical data on CSE and children in care across Europe and the risk-factors for Roma children and young people are still not being fully recognised, we can draw on what is known in Bulgaria to inform practice in the UK with emerging Roma communities. Research on CSE more generally can also inform awareness of risk factors particularly around care systems. Comparative information about what is known in the UK and Bulgaria is considered in order to make some recommendations for international prevention, protection efforts, and prosecution strategies for the future.

  20. Cardiovascular risk predictors in central Slovakian Roma children and adolescents: regional differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hujová, Zuzana; Alberty, Roman; Ahlers, Ivan; Ahlersová, Eva; Paulíková, Edita; Desatniková, Júlia; Gábor, Drahoslav; Hrubá, Frantiska

    2010-09-01

    The objective of the study was to determine some Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk factors in 174 Roma children and adolescents (88 males and 86 females) aged 7-18 in 3 Central Slovakian cities (44 from Zilina, 39 from Bansk, Bystrica and 91 from Rimavská Sobota). Venous blood samples were drawn in the morning, after a 12 hour overnight fast for biochemical analysis. Total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were determined enzymatically. HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) after selective precipitation lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein B and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated by the Friedewald Formula. Serum levels of apolipoproteins (apo A, apo B) were analyzed immunochemically. Concentration of lipoprotein a [Lp(a)] was analyzed by immunonephelometric method (Beckman-Coulter System). Anthropometric measurements, including weight, height, waist and hip circumference were used to calculate the sum of the body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR). Measured blood pressure (BP) was used to classify for hypertension. Significant differences were determined in serum levels of LDL-C (p Zilina and Rimavská Sobota p Zilina's population (WHR significantly connected with family history CVD p = 0.03, cigarette smoking p = 0.02 and leisure time physical activity p < 0.001) and BMI, apo A and BP in Banská Bystrica. WHR was positively correlated to BP and negatively to HDL-C and TG only in Roma participants from Rimavská Sobota. BMI was positively correlated to systolic BP in populations from Banská Bystrica and Rimavská Sobota. The results of the study should improve the paediatric health treatment and prevention of CVD risk predictors for Roma from different cities.

  1. El contrato de arrendamiento en Roma y su evolución posterior

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Paniagua, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    El contrato de arrendamiento era conocido en Roma con la denominación locatio-conductio. Esta institución, unitaria como contrato, comprende tres modalidades, cuales son: locatio-conductio rei, locatio-conductio operis, locatio-conductio operarum. Dado que cada una de ellas cumple una función económico-social diferente, la tarea de esclarecer sus orígenes se torna complicada, mas la mayoría de la doctrina entiende que su reconocimiento como contrato consensual se produjo a finales de la Repúb...

  2. La niñez en Roma : Leyes, normas, prácticas individuales y colectivas

    OpenAIRE

    Corbier, Mireille

    2000-01-01

    Los especialistas en Roma se habían interesado desde hace largo tiempo en la historia de la educación y de la cultura, temas en los que los autores antiguos les mostraban el lugar central desempeñado en las preocupaciones de las elites romanas y romanizadas. Sólo recientemente, a partir de los arios 80, han descubierto los temas de la infancia y de la maternidad: Philippe Ariés (1960) —reemplazado y continuado en la literatura anglosajona por autores como Lloyd De Mause, Edward Shorter y Laur...

  3. Roma epigramática: a urbs como personagem dos epigramas no Livro I de Marcial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Paifer Cairolli

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa as menções a elementos geográficos da cidade de Roma no primeiro livro de Epigramas do poeta latino Marcos Valério Marcial. Para tanto, baseando-se nas categorias aristotélicas que prescrevem homens virtuosos ou viciosos como divisão de assunto da poesia, será observada a maneira como a descrição do espaço físico da cidade empresta virtudes ou vícios para as personagens retratadas em cada poema.

  4. Roma epigramática: a urbs como personagem dos epigramas no Livro I de Marcial

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Paifer Cairolli

    2016-01-01

    O presente artigo analisa as menções a elementos geográficos da cidade de Roma no primeiro livro de Epigramas do poeta latino Marcos Valério Marcial. Para tanto, baseando-se nas categorias aristotélicas que prescrevem homens virtuosos ou viciosos como divisão de assunto da poesia, será observada a maneira como a descrição do espaço físico da cidade empresta virtudes ou vícios para as personagens retratadas em cada poema.

  5. Edifícios de espetáculos em Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Corassin

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available O espaço urbano de Roma. Os diferentes tipos de espetáculos requeriam construções especializadas: estádios, circos e anfiteatros. Domiciano construiu o Estádio para o Agon Capitolinus, hoje Praça Navona; o Circo Máximo, o anfiteatro Flávio e o Stadium Domitiani tornaram-se símbolos do poderio romano e local de integração dos grupos sociais do Imperio.

  6. JURISDICCIÓN UNIVERSAL Y LEGALIDAD DEL ESTATUTO DE ROMA, FRENTE AL DERECHO INTERNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Alberto Sandoval Mesa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza los principios que se encuentran plasmados a nivel internacional, específicamente en el Estatuto de Roma de 1998 para el establecimiento de la Corte Penal Internacional, y el significado relevante que tienen con respecto a postulados, como el principio de legalidad en materia penal en Colombia. En este sentido, podemos observar importantes diferencias y consecuencias frente a aspectos como la competencia del derecho interno, y la noción de conducta penal descrita en nuestra legislación.

  7. Database GIS delle strade Un sistema di calcolo percorso ciclabile nel Comune di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Michele Ieradi; Annalisa Perla; Davide Surgo

    2008-01-01

    A GIS database for roads and bicycle paths: a cycle route processing system in Rome municipalityATAC, the mobility Agency of Rome municipality, incorporates GIS methodologies for the management of territorial data. ATAC will present the procedure followed to realise a best routing calculation system for cyclists, designed from the existing system developed for PT users in Rome, available on ATAC web site (www.atac.roma.it). Thanks to this project ATAC has created a network of cycling pathways...

  8. Community Mobilization for Slum Upgrading through Sanitation in Roma Informal Settlements in the Paris Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ipsita Nita Chaudhuri

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundCommunity-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe’s most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation. This paper assesses a dry sanitation project in a Roma informal settlement in the Paris region to improve their living conditions.MethodsBetween 2014 and 2017, multiple stakeholders were involved in a participatory process of design, construction, and maintenance of toilets. Interviews, mapping, model construction, and facilitated discussion were used to identify design features and follow-up indicators. Field notes, videos, questionnaires, and observation provided data for monitoring and evaluation. For questionnaires delivered to women in the community, a cross section time series was conducted to due to migration.ResultsDespite issues related to maintenance, the overall quality of life of women improved after toilet construction. This included indicators for comfort, cleanliness, practicality, privacy, security, and menstrual hygiene management. Furthermore, fewer women restrained themselves from relieving themselves or from drinking less water to avoid urinating. Odors continued to be an issue. Self-reporting of illnesses, such as diarrhea and urinary tract infections, were not reliable due to the vague description of these illnesses and the potential recall bias. Appropriate sanitation in informal settlements is a necessity as shown by feedback from Roma women and the literature. However, a more sustainable toilet project would have required an adequate budget, good quality materials

  9. Community Mobilization for Slum Upgrading through Sanitation in Roma Informal Settlements in the Paris Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhuri, Ipsita Nita

    2017-01-01

    Community-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe's most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation. This paper assesses a dry sanitation project in a Roma informal settlement in the Paris region to improve their living conditions. Between 2014 and 2017, multiple stakeholders were involved in a participatory process of design, construction, and maintenance of toilets. Interviews, mapping, model construction, and facilitated discussion were used to identify design features and follow-up indicators. Field notes, videos, questionnaires, and observation provided data for monitoring and evaluation. For questionnaires delivered to women in the community, a cross section time series was conducted to due to migration. Despite issues related to maintenance, the overall quality of life of women improved after toilet construction. This included indicators for comfort, cleanliness, practicality, privacy, security, and menstrual hygiene management. Furthermore, fewer women restrained themselves from relieving themselves or from drinking less water to avoid urinating. Odors continued to be an issue. Self-reporting of illnesses, such as diarrhea and urinary tract infections, were not reliable due to the vague description of these illnesses and the potential recall bias. Appropriate sanitation in informal settlements is a necessity as shown by feedback from Roma women and the literature. However, a more sustainable toilet project would have required an adequate budget, good quality materials, accountability, and buy in from all

  10. Doubling Syndemics: Ethnographic Accounts of the Health Situation of Homeless Romanian Roma in Copenhagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravnbøl, Camilla Ida

    2017-12-01

    This study investigates health concerns and access to health services for Roma from Romania who live in homelessness in Copenhagen, Denmark. They collect refundable bottles and call themselves "badocari," which in Romanian refers to "people who work with bottles." Homeless Roma in Denmark have not previously been studied through ethnographic research. The study stresses the importance of a syndemic approach towards understanding badocari health concerns. Syndemics is understood as co-occurring diseases, which unfold within contexts of social injustice. The case of the badocari is argued to be a case of "doubling syndemics" since the co-occurring diseases are further multiplied and enhanced by an ongoing mobility between dual contexts of precarious livelihoods in Romania and Denmark, respectively. The study complements the approach to syndemics with a perspective on human rights. It sheds light on the limited possibilities that exist for addressing health concerns of the badocari, both in Romania and in Denmark, and argues that the universal human right to health is not realized in the everyday lives of destitute EU migrants such as the badocari. Rather, they experience lack of access to adequate medical treatment and follow-up care, both as citizens of a member state and as co-citizens of the European Union.

  11. Environmental Equity through Negotiation: A Case Study on Urban Landfills and the Roma Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Mălina; Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Oroian, Ioan Gheorghe; Safirescu, Ovidiu Călin; Bican-Brișan, Nicoleta

    2016-01-01

    The paper discusses the necessity to bring environmental equity within the Pata Rât Roma community in Northwest Romania, relying on the answers to three questions: “Does environmental equity exist in Pata Rât?”, “How can it be attained?”, and “To what extent can it be brought to the targeted people?” It was shown how a trio of factors tailors the destiny of Roma inhabitants: being a minority, their ethnicity, and the fact they are living on and off what society rejects and dumps—a landfill. The framing of the environmental equity concerns within a vision considering negotiation as the most adequate means to attain it is a novel approach. Further on, the results of the study can fuel win-win solutions in environmental equity. The information abstracted from a set of indicators, assessed through an evaluation matrix, represents a beneficial platform for future bottom-up decisions concerning landfill residents. Three action options were analyzed: on-site living opportunities—that resulted to be preferred, off-site living opportunities, and “Do nothing”. The analysis provides qualitative evidence that the evaluation of environmental equity is largely subjective, because of its complexity and specificity related to geographical, historical, cultural characteristics, and political interests. PMID:27314371

  12. The Influence of Ethnicity and Displacement on Quality of Antenatal Care: The Case of Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian Communities in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojanovski, Kristefer; Holla, Alaka; Hoxha, Ilir; Howell, Elizabeth; Janevic, Teresa

    2017-12-01

    The conflict in Kosovo created mass displacement and a fractured health system. Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities are particularly vulnerable to discrimination and exclusion from institutions. We aimed to examine Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian disparities in quantity and quality of antenatal care received. We conducted a cross-sectional study in August 2012 with 603 women aged 15 or older who had given birth in the previous two years. We measured quantity of antenatal care using number of visits and quality of care using antenatal checklists. We used linear regression with interaction terms of displacement and type of health institution (for example, Serbian or Kosovar) to assess ethnic disparities in antenatal care. Women from Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities received poorer quantity and quality of antenatal care compared to Kosovar Albanian and Serbian women. In adjusted models, Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian women scored 3.5 points lower [95% CI (-5.2, -1.8)] on the checklists. Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian women who were displaced received even poorer quality of care. Ethnic disparities exist in quality of antenatal care. Women from Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities receive the poorest quality of services. As Kosovo strives to build a multiethnic health care system, a focus on equity is important to ensure the right to health for Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian women.

  13. Differentiation in the Making: Consequences of School Segregation of Roma in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Vera

    2017-01-01

    This article examines how various forms of ethnic segregation in education affect everyday life and future aspirations of Roma youth in three Central and Eastern European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia. It draws on a comparative European investigation about the diverging experiences and paths of ethnic minority youth in…

  14. Influence of modified atmosphere and varying time in storage on the irradiation sensitivity of Salmonella on sliced roma tomatoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmonella contamination of tomatoes is a recurrent food safety concern. Irradiation inactivates pathogens on fresh and fresh cut produce. However, the interaction of time in refrigerated storage and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) may influence the response of pathogens to irradiation. Roma tom...

  15. Youth subcultures and problem behaviours in Slovakia : Hip-Hop, Techno-scene, Metal, Punk, Skinheads and Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Jongeren die deel uitmaken van jeugdsubculturen als hip-hop, techno-scene, metal, punk en skinheads, gebruiken vaker drugs, zijn vaker dronken, spijbelen vaker en beginnen eerder aan seks. Roma-jongeren zijn minder vaak dronken. Dat concludeert Daniela Bobáková op basis van een onderzoek onder deze

  16. The mediating effect of discrimination, social support and hopelessness on self-rated health of Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; Van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2015-01-01

    Background: According to the EU-MIDIS report on discrimination, Roma are the most discriminated against group in Europe. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination may itself be detrimental to health. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether discrimination, hopelessness and social

  17. Social connectedness, life satisfaction and school engagement : moderating role of ethnic minority status on resilience processes of Roma youth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abubakar, Amina; Dimitrova, Radosveta

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: We examined the influence of connectedness on school engagement and life satisfaction among Roma (n = 121) and Bulgarian (n = 143) mainstream adolescents (mean age 15.89, SD = 1.18). A set of measures on family, peer, school and neighbourhood connectedness were administered alongside life

  18. Promoting the Social Inclusion and Academic Progress of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Children: A Secondary School Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Siobhan

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify support strategies used to promote "social inclusion" and "academic progress" of Key Stage 3 and 4 Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) pupils. The study used an interpretivist approach, incorporating an embedded single case study with several participant groups, namely GRT pupils, GRT parents,…

  19. Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma and Sinti during the Holocaust: Chances and Challenges in Europe Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polak, Karen

    2013-01-01

    This article presents several projects, initiated during the first decade of the twenty-first century, that aim to make the history of the genocide of the Roma more known within the educational field. Some general challenges we face in teaching about the history of a group that is both the largest minority in Europe and, according to the European…

  20. INTEGRATING ROMA IN MODERN EUROPEAN SOCIETY. NEW CHALLENGES, NEW OPPORTUNITIES. AN OVERVIEW OF THEIR PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE IN THE LIGHT OF AN ENLARGED EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu COSTACHIE

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The Roma population, with approximately 10 million people, is the largest minority of Europe. Since the end of the communist era in Eastern Europe, mass emigration has occurred, mainly to Western Europe. Today across Western Europe the Roma still face huge problems in regard of discrimination and exclusion. A general change in the way they are perceived is necessary. In the last years, the European Union have put the Roma questions on the forefront of their discussions. Nevertheless, the situation of the minority is still very precarious and demands more concrete research and action.

  1. MMP3 in Comparison to CA 125, HE4 and the ROMA Algorithm in Differentiation of Ovarian Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cymbaluk-Ploska, Aneta; Chudecka-Glaz, Anita; Surowiec, Anna; Pius-Sadowska, Ewa; Machalinski, Boguslaw; Menkiszak, Janusz

    2016-01-01

    Ovarian cancer is a highly malignant neoplasm with high mortality rates. Research to identify markers facilitating early detection has been pursued for many years. Currently, diagnosis is based on the CA 125 and HE4 markers, as well as the ROMA algorithm. The search continues for new proteins that meet the criteria of good markers A total of 90 patients were included in the present study, allocated into: group 1, ovarian cancer, with 29 patients; group 2, endometrial cysts, with 30s; and group 3, simple ovarian cysts, with 31. Following histopathological verification, the CA 125, HE4, and metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) levels were determined and the ROMA algorithm was calculated for all patients. The mean concentrations of all determined proteins, CA 125, HE4, and MMP3, as well as the ROMA values, were significantly higher in group 1 (ovarian cancer) compared to group 3 (simple ovarian cysts). The highest significant differences for the CA 125 levels (CA 125, HE4, and MMP3 levels, as well as the ROMA values ( 0,93 / 0,96 / 0,75 / 0,98). After removing the post-menopausal patients, the MMP3 AUC value for ovarian cancer vs. benign ovarian cysts increased to 0.814. For post-menopausal women, the MMP3 AUC value for ovarian cancer vs. endometrial cysts was 0.843. As suggested by the results above, both the CA 125 and HE4 markers, as well as the ROMA algorithm, meet the criteria of a good diagnostic test for ovarian cancer. MMP3 seems to meet the criteria of a good diagnostic test, particularly in postmenopausal women; however, it is not superior to the tests used to date.

  2. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

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    Angela TEJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, se levantaron anfiteatros y termas, amén del estadio de Dominiciano. La autora pasa revista a las distintas instalaciones «deportivas» de la Roma antigua, así como a los espectáculos que albergaban: las carreras del circo, los combates de gladiadores, las cacerías de fieras, las naumaquias, sin olvidar las competiciones del estadio y la pasión romana por las termas.Sport and physical education —in Ancient Rome-, looked back to the physical ideals of the Greeks. In contrast, there was also a specific encouragement of spectacles and performance or general entertainment during the Imperial Era. In order to cater for the diverse shows, sophisticated buildings were constructed in Rome, and reproduced in all the built-up areas throughout the Empire. In fact, besides the important circus network, the most emblematic of these being Maximo's Circus, amphitheatres, arenas and spa resorts were constructed, in addition to the Dominitian Stadium. The author studies the different types of «sporting» installations in Ancient Rome, considering the entertainments which took place in them: chariot races, gladiatorial combat, the hunting of wild beasts, naval combats, the stadium sports and, of course, the Roman passion for spas and hot baths.

  3. Use of social learning theory in the prevention of obesity with Roma people

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    Věra Olišarová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Education is one of the standard components of current nursing care. It is aimed at healthy and diseased and it aims to take responsibility for health. Constantly increasing prevalence of obesity is a global problem. As in the majority population in the Czech Republic and even serious situation of minorities. However, implemented intervention programs and strategies are targeted mainly at the majority population. The concept of social learning theory, however, offers the possibility of integrating previously neglected knowledge as it provides a social context that has a direct impact on the conduct of individuals. Objectives: The aim of this paper is to analyze the problems in the education of the Roma minority and to highlight the possibilities of using the concept of social learning theory in the development of intervention programs aimed at the prevention of overweight and obesity. Methods: This paper is based on data gathered in the implementation of qualitative research, where the research group consists of 25 Roma respondents older than eighteen years of age whose BMI was in the overweight or obese range (ie BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. Among the respondents were 8 men and 17 women. The paper is also supported by the data obtained in the framework of the grant project aimed, inter alia, to determine the prevalence of these diagnoses among the Roma minority. Results: Culturally conditioned behavior patterns are a significant factor that can influence the effectiveness of implemented interventions. Already during the collection history with these patterns manifest themselves. Among other factors, are body image, social functions of eating, socioeconomic status and related dietary composition. Understanding the relationships between these factors and motivational elements of risk behaviors can go into nursing to bring a new dimension. Conclusions: Ethnicity is often a significant factor that affects the effectiveness of

  4. Escuela Pública y Proyecto Roma. Dadme una escuela y cambiaré el mundo

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    Miguel LÓPEZ MELERO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pone de manifiesto las condiciones que debe reunir una escuela pública para cumplir el valor de lo público. Por eso, hablar de escuela pública es hablar de justicia social y de equidad en educación, y de una escuela de calidad para todos y todas. Hoy en día en la escuela publica es necesario y urgente reflexionar y hacer cambios didácticos en el papel del docente, en el discente y en el currículum. En coherencia con ello, se presenta el Proyecto Roma como modelo educativo y de investigación alternativo que cumple con los Derechos Humanos y busca la mejora de la escuela pública.

  5. Nuevas consideraciones en torno a la Cleopatra del Esquilino de la Centrale Montemartini de Roma.

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    Silvio Strano

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un estudio sobre la iconografía de Cleopatra VII Philopator, hoy conocida gracias a las efigies monetarias y a los pocos retratos de bulto redondo llegados hasta nosotros. La atención se centra en la discutida interpretación de la Cleopatra/Venus Esquilina de la Sala Caldaie de la Centrale Montemartini de Roma. Los resultados de esta investigación han permitido demostrar la identificación propuesta de la réplica como imagen divinizada de la última reina tolemaica, aquí representada como Isis-Afrodita. Además, el autor propone una datación diferente de la obra, individúa el probable patrocinio, así como también, el lugar de su originaria localización.

  6. Trust and cooperation in the public sphere: why Roma people should not be excluded?

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    Dragoş DRAGOMAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The recent political developments in Romania and other Central and East European countries, marked by rising populism and political extremism, shed light on the essential issue of building a free, tolerant and inclusive public sphere, which is willing to let arguments to be decisive instead of power, status, race or wealth. The current tendencies of socially excluding Roma, indiscriminately taken by populists for unjustified social burden and intolerable racial difference, are a warning for more radical political action that could undermine on the long-run the effort to set up a democratic public space. Excluding from start an entire minority would only encourage future exclusions based on ideology, ethnicity or religion, according to the narrow definition populists use to give to the concept of ‘people’.

  7. Recualificación de los Mercados de Trajano en Roma

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    Lucrezia Ungaro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta de la mano de sus respectivos autores las diversas actuaciones llevadas a cabo para la recuperación del magnífico conjunto de los Mercados de Trajano en Roma. Una panorámica histórica del monumento sirve de introducción a los objetivos y criterios de la intervención que ha contemplado la consolidació arqueológica de los restos y la adecuación funcional de los antiguos tabernae y su pasarela de acceso, usando un lenguaje y materiales contemporáneos dentro de una actitud de escrupuloso respeto por la materia existente.

  8. Os desafios existenciais da Europa nos sessenta anos do Tratado de Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Vila Maior

    2017-01-01

    A propósito da passagem do sexagésimo aniversário do Tratado de Roma, o artigo explora a crise existencial da União Europeia, tendo como pano de fundo a crise da zona euro e as suas consequências para o processo de integração europeia. Identificado um certo desânimo perante a inércia dos poderes instituídos, e a predominância de interesses nacionais sobre os interesses da União como um todo, são analisadas as causas que estão na origem da crise. Em jeito de desafio (e de modesta proposta), o ...

  9. The KRAB Zinc Finger Protein Roma/Zfp157 Is a Critical Regulator of Cell-Cycle Progression and Genomic Stability

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    Teresa L.F. Ho

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Regulation of DNA replication and cell division is essential for tissue growth and maintenance of genomic integrity and is particularly important in tissues that undergo continuous regeneration such as mammary glands. We have previously shown that disruption of the KRAB-domain zinc finger protein Roma/Zfp157 results in hyperproliferation of mammary epithelial cells (MECs during pregnancy. Here, we delineate the mechanism by which Roma engenders this phenotype. Ablation of Roma in MECs leads to unscheduled proliferation, replication stress, DNA damage, and genomic instability. Furthermore, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs depleted for Roma exhibit downregulation of p21Cip1 and geminin and have accelerated replication fork velocities, which is accompanied by a high rate of mitotic errors and polyploidy. In contrast, overexpression of Roma in MECs halts cell-cycle progression, whereas siRNA-mediated p21Cip1 knockdown ameliorates, in part, this phenotype. Thus, Roma is an essential regulator of the cell cycle and is required to maintain genomic stability.

  10. The European Struggle to Educate and Include Roma People: A Critique of Differences in Policy and Practice in Western and Eastern EU Countries

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    Christine O'Hanlon

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism is an established feature of the UK and other European States since the establishment of the Treaty of Rome in 1959. Enlargement has brought EU membership from six (1952 to twenty eight members since its foundation, and allowed free migration across its borders. However, many countries, in spite of agreements to adhere to ‘democratic’ practices, deny minority citizens their full rights, particularly in education contexts. Some recent accession EU States have education systems that are less adaptive to expected policy responsibilities. It is a more unstable aspect of Eastern Europe because of the failure of many of these countries to reduce social and educational inequalities and to establish rights for minority groups, particularly the Roma. An educational focus is used as a platform to highlight issues re the segregation, and discrimination against, Roma children in Europe, typically through the use of special education, which is not suitable for them. Europe generally, both East and West has failed to fully integrate the Roma. Often, institutional blame is placed on Roma communities, rather than situate them socially and economically due to ingrained structural inequalities. Stereotyped categories are often used to ‘label’ them. Countries with high Roma populations, four in Western and five in Eastern Europe are evaluated and compared in relation to the education of Roma children.

  11. Constantino y la utilización político- ideológica de Roma

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    Manuel J. RODRÍGUEZ GERVÁS

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Constantino, al igual que ya hizo su antecesor Diocleciano1, no fijó su residencia en Roma, sino que, basándose fundamentalmente en principios geo-estratégicos, estableció su corte en diversas ciudades imperiales de Occidente y Oriente, para finalmente en el 330 hacer de Constantinopla la «nueva Roma». Sin embargo la antigua capital imperial, a pesar de dejar de ser el centro político-administrativo, no perdió el papel ideológico y siguió siendo considerada «reina del mundo», como afirma un panegirista. Constantino no es ajeno a dicha concepción y utiliza las tres visitas a ésta, años 312, 315 y 326, como elemento propaganístico de su política.

  12. De Castellón a Roma: el canónigo Vicente Giner (Ca. 1636-1681

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    Aterido Fernández, Ángel

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de un artista español en la Roma papal, se contempla siempre como un privilegio de disfrute infrecuente, en los siglos del Renacimiento y el Barroco. No es hasta el pleno siglo XVIII, con la institucionalización de los pensionados de San Fernando, cuando la constancia documental de los españoles en las academias romanas parece hacerla más habitual. Limitadísimas son las noticias que disponemos de ellos, casi siempre procedentes de crónicas y raramente de documentos exhumados de los archivos romanos, lo que explica que la andadura italiana se haya tenido como excepcional. Ante la penuria de datos, parece arriesgado aventurar una «solución» concluyente sobre el tema de los españoles en Roma.…

  13. Roma Hukuku’nda Gemi, Han ve Ahır İşletenlerin Receptum Sorumluluğu

    OpenAIRE

    YEŞİLLER, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    Çalışmamızda Roma Hukuku'nda gemi, han ve ahır işleten kimselerin sorumluluklarına ilişkin düzenlemeler ele alınmıştır. Roma?da özellikle gemi, han ve ahır işleten kimselerin yanlarında çalıştırdıkları kişilerin güvenilir olmamasından dolayı, taraflar arasındaki istisna sözleşmesinden kaynaklanan custodia sorumluluğuna ek olarak "actio de damno aut furto adversus nautas, caupones, stabularios ve receptum, nautae, cauponis, stabularii" sorumluluklarının düzenlendiği kaynaklardan...

  14. Demographic Behaviour of Roma Population – Beyond Tradition and Towards Modernity. Case Study of Oltenia Region (Romania

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    Mihaela-Daniela Preda

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing the demographic behavior of the Roma population is a difficult endeavor due to the fact that the available statistical data concerning this population’s exact number presents significant errors. Considering the fertility data, to which we should add the mortality rates, we appreciate that Roma, as an ethnic group, have had a mostly ascending evolution from a demographical point of view - and this situation isn’t always reflected by the statistics. As far as the fertility data goes, its level is dictated by a series of factors whose detailed analysis shows a past preference for a high number of children per family, specifically for the continuously nomadic tribes, also associated with increased values of fertility rates which perpetuated to this day. The mortality values registered within the Roma population fall within the standard values for the entire population - differences were spotted by analyzing the infant mortality. On a final note, these indicators are meant to present inequalities based on the living standards of the population. The analysis of migrants as an important component of the migratory movement brings into discussion one of the most current subjects: that of the percentage of Roma population that participate to the international migration flow. The preference for destination countries, which in most cases is attributed to their previously nomadic traditional life style, is determined by a series of factors, the most important of which being their financial situation. All these elements lead towards an accurate appreciation of the demographic behavior of this ethnic group, while also emphasizing the causes which determine the demographic phenomena, both due to the traditional and modern background.

  15. Access to health care for Roma children in Central and Eastern Europe: findings from a qualitative study in Bulgaria

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    Spencer Nick J

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the attention the situation of the Roma in Central and Eastern Europe has received in the context of European Union enlargement, research on their access to health services is very limited, in particular with regard to child health services. Methods 50 qualitative in-depth interviews with users, providers and policy-makers concerned with child health services in Bulgaria, conducted in two villages, one town of 70,000 inhabitants, and the capital Sofia. Results Our findings provide important empirical evidence on the range of barriers Roma children face when accessing health services. Among the most important barriers are poverty, administrative and geographical obstacles, low levels of parental education, and lack of ways to accommodate the cultural, linguistic and religious specifics of this population group. Conclusion Our research illustrates the complexity of the problems the Roma face. Access to health care cannot be discussed in isolation from other problems this population group experiences, such as poverty, restricted access to education, and social exclusion.

  16. Siracusa entre Roma e Cartago durante a Segunda Guerra Púnica Syracuse among Rome and Carthage in the Second Punic War

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    Matheus Coutinho Figuinha

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde o aparecimento da tese de Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges sobre a aliança das aristocracias gregas a Roma (1858, a historiografia tem enfatizado, com relação às cidades siciliotas durante a Segunda Guerra Púnica, uma filiação unilateral da aristocracia a Roma e da plebe a Cartago. A partir do caso de Siracusa, procuramos entender quais eventos levaram a uma aliança ora com Roma, ora com Cartago, e quais eram as personagens envolvidas e seus interesses para saber até que ponto a tese de Fustel se sustenta. A análise é dividida em duas partes, antes e depois do assassinato do tirano Jerônimo.Since the appearance of Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges’s thesis about the alliance of the Greek aristocracies to Rome (1858, historiography has been emphasizing, regarding the Sicilian cities during the Second Punic War, a unilateral filiation of the aristocracy to Rome and the plebs to Carthage. Taking the case of Syracuse, we try to understand which events led to an alliance either with Rome or Carthage, who were the characters involved and what were their interests in order to evaluate the sustainability of Fustel’s thesis. The analysis is divided in two parts, before and after the murder of the tyrant Hieronymus.

  17. Roma Hukuku’nda Gemi, Han ve Ahır İşletenlerin Receptum Sorumluluğu

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    Mehmet YEŞİLLER

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmamızda Roma Hukuku'nda gemi, han ve ahır işleten kimselerin sorumluluklarına ilişkin düzenlemeler ele alınmıştır. Roma?da özellikle gemi, han ve ahır işleten kimselerin yanlarında çalıştırdıkları kişilerin güvenilir olmamasından dolayı, taraflar arasındaki istisna sözleşmesinden kaynaklanan custodia sorumluluğuna ek olarak "actio de damno aut furto adversus nautas, caupones, stabularios ve receptum, nautae, cauponis, stabularii" sorumluluklarının düzenlendiği kaynaklardan anlaşılmaktadır. Praetor Edictum'larıyla sağlanan ve haksız fiil benzerlerine dayanan söz konusu bu uygulamaların, Roma'da istisna sözleşmesinin koruyamadığı alana ilişkin olarak geniş uygulama imkanı buldukları görülmektedir.

  18. Comparing the Copenhagen Index (CPH-I) and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA): Two equivalent ways to differentiate malignant from benign ovarian tumors before surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Adriana; Derchain, Sophie Françoise; Pitta, Denise Rocha; Andrade, Liliana Aparecida Lucci De Angelo; Sarian, Luis Otavio

    2016-03-01

    To evaluate the prediction of malignancy in women with pelvic masses using the Copenhagen Index (CPH-I) and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA). Three hundred eighty four women operated due to an ovarian mass were enrolled between January 2010 and June 2015. All patients had histopathological diagnosis, HE4 and CA125 measurement. CPH-I and ROMA were calculated and their performances compared in two distinct scenarios: 1) for the discrimination of benign ovarian disease from epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), non-epithelial ovarian cancer, borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) and ovarian metastases, and 2) for the discrimination of benign disease from EOC. Receiver Operator Characteristics' Areas Under the Curves (AUC) were calculated for CPH-I and ROMA and compared. Of the 384 women, 224 presented a benign ovarian tumor, 32 BOT, 87 EOC, 26 non-epithelial ovarian cancer, and 15 had ovarian metastases. The best AUCs were obtained for the discrimination of EOC from benign tumors. CPH-I performed slightly better than ROMA, and both approached 89% sensitivity and 85% specificity. When all malignant tumors (EOC, BOT, ovarian metastases and non-epithelial ovarian cancer - entire cohort) were included, the performance of CPH-I and ROMA declined to nearly 72%, although the specificity remained close to 85%. CPH-I and ROMA performed similarly well for the discrimination of EOC from benign ovarian tumors. However, caution is necessary since, in practical situations, where all the histological possibilities for malignant ovarian tumors must be considered, the sensitivity of CPH-I and ROMA may not surpass 70%. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  19. Effect of ethnicity on clinical presentation and risk of antiphospholipid syndrome in Roma and Caucasian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a multicenter cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzano-Gamero, Victoria; Pardo-Cabello, Alfredo J; Vargas-Hitos, José A; Zamora-Pasadas, Mónica; Navarrete-Navarrete, Nuria; Sabio, José M; Jáimez-Gámiz, Laura; Ríos-Fernandez, Raquel; Ortego-Centeno, Norberto; Ayala-Gutierrez, M Mar; de Ramón, Enrique; Colodro-Ruíz, Agustín; Micó-Giner, Luisa; Castillo-Palma, María J; Robles-Marhuenda, Ángel; Luna-Del Castillo, Juan de Dios; Jiménez-Alonso, Juan

    2017-06-07

    To determine if there are ethnic differences in the prevalence of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), clinical presentation and autoantibody profile between Roma and Caucasian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A cross-sectional study was conducted including data from Roma and Caucasian SLE patients consecutively attending six hospitals in Spain. Socio-demographic characteristics, prevalence of APS, clinical and analytical features of SLE and APS were compared between ethnic groups. Data from 52 Roma and 98 Caucasian SLE patients were included. Roma SLE patients had a higher risk (odds ratio 2.56, 95% CI 1.02-6.39) and prevalence of APS (28.8% vs. 13.3%, P = 0.027). Furthermore, Roma SLE patients had a statistically significant higher prevalence of abortions (23.5% vs. 10.2%, P = 0.049). In relation to other APS diagnostic criteria, Roma SLE patients had a non-statistically significant higher prevalence of fetal deaths (14.3% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.106) and thrombotic events (21.1% vs. 12.2%, P = 0.160). In relation to SLE clinical features, Roma patients had a significantly higher prevalence of arthritis (75% vs. 57.1%, P = 0.034) and non-significant higher prevalence of serositis (44.2% vs. 29.6%, P = 0.104), discoid lesions (11.5% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.191), oral ulcers (46.1% vs. 34.7%, P = 0.218) and livedo reticularis (21.1% vs. 15.3%, P = 0.374). No statistically significant differences were found in the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index or the autoimmune serological profile. Prevalence and risk of APS were significantly higher in Roma SLE patients. Furthermore, Roma patients had a significantly higher prevalence of abortions and a non-significant higher prevalence of fetal deaths and thrombotic events. © 2017 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  20. Performance of ROMA based on Architect CA 125 II and HE4 values in Chinese women presenting with a pelvic mass: A multicenter prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Fengxian; Lu, Shiming; Peng, Yibing; Yang, Fan; Chen, Yan; Lin, Yingying; Yang, Chen; Wu, Li; Li, Huijun; Zheng, Yijie

    2017-08-01

    We evaluated the performance of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), cancer antigen 125(CA 125) and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) in distinguishing between benign and malignant pelvic masses in Chinese women. From April to December 2012, women with a pelvic mass scheduled to have surgery were enrolled in a prospective, multi-center study conducted in 5 different regions in China. Preoperative serum concentrations of HE4 and CA 125 were examined and ROMA was calculated. A total of 684 women with a pelvic mass were included, of which 482 were diagnosed with benign conditions and 202 were diagnosed with malignant ovarian tumors. At cutoffs of 7.4% and 25.3% for ROMA, the sensitivities and specificities were 85.6% and 81.7% for all patients, 85.7% and 81.5% for premenopausal women, and 85.6% and 83.9% for postmenopausal women, respectively. The ROC-AUC of ROMA was significantly better than that of HE4 (P=0.0003) or CA 125 (P<0.0001) for all malignant diseases (including EOC, Non-EOC, LMP, metastases and other pelvic malignancy with no involvement of the ovaries) compared with benign diseases for all patients. We demonstrated the efficiency of ROMA in the distinction of ovarian cancers from benign disease in a multiple-regions Chinese population, especially in premenopausal women. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Non solo Roma. Torino, i Savoia e le Fiandre nei Campeggiamenti di Emanuele Tesauro (1639

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blythe Alice Raviola

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Non solo Roma. Torino, i Savoia e le Fiandre nei Campeggiamenti di Emanuele Tesauro (1639 This essay focuses on the siege of Saint-Omer, an episode of the Thirty Years War, as seen through the eyes of several contemporaries. The first part, written by Blythe Alice Raviola, is dedicated to Emanuele Tesauro’s Sant’Omero assediato (1639. Tesauro followed prince Thomas of Savoy as court historiographer during his Flemish campaign; therefore this book should be read within the political and diplomatic context of the Savoy court. Sant’Omero assediato is considered not only as an account of the military operations, but also as a plaidoyer for Thomas’ political and military activity. The second part of the article, by Luca Bianco, establishes several connections with art historical aspects of the siege and of Tesauro’s mission. Bianco examines the subsequent frontispieces of his book and Tesauro’s possible knowledge of Karel Van Mander’s Le livre des Peintres. The final part of the article sheds light on two little-known visual representations of the siege: an artfully drawn map by Pieter Snayers and an etching by Stefano Della Bella. Whereas the first is probably produced for military purposes, Bianco proposes Tuscan Ottavio Piccolomini, Thomas’ fellow condottiero and a noteworthy collector, as the hypothetic commissioner of Della Bella’s etching, which could be considered as a visual counterpart to Tesauro’s literary account.

  2. Poder e política nos espetáculos oficiais da Roma Imperial

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    Ludmila S. Almeida

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Os jogos e espetáculos realizados na Roma Imperial eram acontecimentos marcantes para a cidade. O Imperador, ao promovê-los, buscava alcançar ou consolidar um maior prestígio pessoal e político junto à população urbana. As fontes do período atestam que o circo e o anfiteatro se converteram num espaço, talvez único, para a população da Cidade se expressar, aplaudindo ou apresentando diversas modalidades de reivindicações – inclusive políticas – às autoridades presentes nas celebrações. Inúmeras alterações do contexto histórico, sobretudo a partir do IIIo século, refletiram-se na realização dos jogos. Sendo manifestações características de uma determinada configuração social, elas tendem a passar por um processo gradativo de diminuição numérica de frequência que culmina com o término de sua promoção na Cidade.

  3. Edificio de la Sociedad “La Rinascente”,en Roma, Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albini, Franco

    1966-07-01

    Full Text Available This building has three levels below ground and seven floors above the ground. The power plant for various installations and storerooms are in the lowest basement, the dressing rooms for the staff and merchandise stores are in the second basement, and a supermarket occupies the first one. The ground floor and the next four floors are salesrooms and other offices connected with sales, whilst the top floor houses the company's headquarters. Because of its design and layout, and its general construction, this is one of the most refined and complex buildings that has been recently completed in Rome.Consta de: tres plantas de sótanos, planta baja y seis plantas sobre el nivel del suelo. El tercer sótano alberga las centrales de las instalaciones y almacenes de mercancías; el segundo sótano, los servicios, vestuarios de los empleados y almacenes de mercancías, y en el primero hay un supermercado. La planta baja y las cuatro primeras plantas están dedicadas a salas de venta; la quinta, a almacén de mercancías, y la sexta aloja las oficinas de la Sede de la Sociedad. El edificio, por su concepción, tratamiento y diseño, es uno de los más refinados y complejos que se ha construido en Roma durante los últimos años.

  4. Differential effect of soil and environment on metabolic expression of turmeric (Curcuma longa cv. Roma).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandeep, I S; Sanghamitra, Nayak; Sujata, Mohanty

    2015-06-01

    Curcuma longa (Zingiberaceae) is known for its uses in medicine, cosmetics, food flavouring and textile industries. The secondary metabolites of turmeric like essential oil, oleoresin and curcumin are important for its multipurpose uses. These traits of turmeric vary from place to place due to the influence of environment, soil and agro-climatic conditions. Here, we analyzed turmeric from different agroclimatic regions for influence of various factors on its growth and yield of important phytochemicals. A high curcumin yielding cultivar i.e., Roma was collected from high altitude research station, Koraput (HARS) and planted in nine agroclimatic regions of Odisha. Analysis of soil texture, pH, organic carbon, micro and macro nutrients were done from all the studied zones up to 2nd generation. Plants grown in their released station i.e., Eastern Ghat High Land showed 5% of curcumin and were taken as control. Plants grown in different agroclimatic zones showed a range of 1.4-5% of curcumin and 0.3-0.7% of rhizome essential oil and 0.3-1% of leaf essential oil content. Gas chromatography and mass spectra analysis showed tumerone and alpha phellandrene as the major compounds in all the zones with 10-20% variation. The present study will be immensely helpful for standardization and management of environmental and ecological factors for high phytochemical yield in turmeric plant.

  5. Database GIS delle strade Un sistema di calcolo percorso ciclabile nel Comune di Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Ieradi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A GIS database for roads and bicycle paths: a cycle route processing system in Rome municipality ATAC, the mobility Agency of Rome municipality, incorporates GIS methodologies for the management of territorial data. ATAC will present the procedure followed to realise a best routing calculation system for cyclists, designed from the existing system developed for PT users in Rome, available on ATAC web site (www.atac.roma.it. Thanks to this project ATAC has created a network of cycling pathways, created by mashing up the following information: the road network, bicycle paths, street slopes and other information derived from the Mobility Centre. The service developed will allow the Roman citizens to find out the best route from one point to another in the Capital that can be reached either by bicycle, public transport or a combination therof.

  6. Roma-Napoli ad Alta Velocità. Occasione per un riequilibrio modale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Cerrone

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Sulle tratte nazionali, sempre più evidenti risultano i limiti del trasporto aereo sul quale, in modo determinante, incidono i tempi per raggiungere gli aeroporti, per le operazioni di chek-in e di imbarco. D’altra parte, sembra oramai esaurita la capacità del territorio di sostenere, soprattutto in prossimità delle grandi città e lungo le direttrici principali, ancora un aumento del traffico automobilistico. In tale scenario, la messa in esercizio in Italia delle prime tratte ferroviarie ad Alta Velocità prefigurarono un sempre maggiore utilizzo di tali vettori a fronte di una sostanziale diminuzione del ricorso al trasporto aereo e soprattutto privato su gomma. L’articolo propone una comparazione, in termini di costi, tempi di percorrenza, confort di viaggio, delle diverse modalità di trasporto a cui è possibile fare ricorso sulla tratta Roma-Napoli ed è finalizzato ad evidenziare gli elementi che incidono sul riequilibrio modale tra i collegamenti esistenti tra i due sistemi urbani.

  7. Database GIS delle strade Un sistema di calcolo percorso ciclabile nel Comune di Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Ieradi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A GIS database for roads and bicycle paths: a cycle route processing system in Rome municipalityATAC, the mobility Agency of Rome municipality, incorporates GIS methodologies for the management of territorial data. ATAC will present the procedure followed to realise a best routing calculation system for cyclists, designed from the existing system developed for PT users in Rome, available on ATAC web site (www.atac.roma.it. Thanks to this project ATAC has created a network of cycling pathways, created by mashing up the following information: the road network, bicycle paths, street slopes and other information derived from the Mobility Centre. The service developed will allow the Roman citizens to find out the best route from one point to another in the Capital that can be reached either by bicycle, public transport or a combination therof.

  8. HE4, CA125 and risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) as diagnostic tools for ovarian cancer in patients with a pelvic mass: An Italian multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romagnolo, Cesare; Leon, Antonette E; Fabricio, Aline S C; Taborelli, Martina; Polesel, Jerry; Del Pup, Lino; Steffan, Agostino; Cervo, Silvia; Ravaggi, Antonella; Zanotti, Laura; Bandiera, Elisabetta; Odicino, Franco E; Scattolo, Novella; Squarcina, Elisa; Papadakis, Christine; Maggino, Tiziano; Gion, Massimo

    2016-05-01

    This multicenter study aims to evaluate HE4, CA125 and risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) performance in the differential diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). A total of 405 patients referred to gynecological oncologist with suspicious pelvic mass requiring a surgery for identification of EOC were consecutively enrolled; 387 patients satisfied inclusion criteria: 290 benign diseases; 15 borderline neoplasia and 82 tumors (73 EOC). Good diagnostic performance in discriminating benign from EOC patients was obtained for CA125, HE4 and ROMA when calculating optimal cut-off values: premenopause, specificity (SP) >86.6, sensitivity (SN) >82.6, area under the curves (AUC)≥0.894; postmenopause, SP>93.2, SN>82, AUC≥0.928. Fixing SP at 98%, performance indicators obtained for benign vs EOC patients were: premenopause, SN:65.2%, positive predictive value (+PV): 75%, positive likelihood ratio (+LR): 26.4 for CA125; SN:69.6%, +PV:76.2%, +LR:28.1 for HE4; SN:69.6%, +PV: 80%; +LR:35.1 for ROMA; postmenopause, SN:88%, +PV: 95.7%, +LR:38.7 for CA125; SN:78%, +PV:95.1%, +LR:34.3 for HE4; SN:88%, +PV:97.8%, +LR:77.4 for ROMA. When using routine cut-off thresholds, ROMA showed better well-balanced values of both SP and SN (premenopause, SN:87%, SP:86.1%; postmenopause, SN:90%; SP:94.3%). Overall, ROMA showed well balanced diagnostic performance to differentiate EOC from benign diseases. Meaningful differences of +PVs and +LRs between HE4 and CA125 suggest that the two markers may play at least in part different roles in EOC diagnosis, with HE4 seeming to be more efficient than CA125 in ruling in EOC patients in the disease group, also in early stages tumors, both in pre and postmenopause. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Health insurance and accessibility to health services among Roma in settlements in Belgrade, Serbia--the journey from data to policy making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluski, Dorit Nitzan; Stojanovski, Kristefer; McWeeney, Gerry; Paunovic, Elizabet; Ostlin, Piroska; Licari, Lucianne; Jakab, Zsuzsanna

    2015-10-01

    The Serbian constitution and health-related laws assert that citizens and residents are universally entitled to health care, provided that they hold health insurance. However, until 2010, persons who did not hold a national identification number (ID) were required to present a plethora of documents to be granted one. We assessed the relationship between citizenship, residency and possession of health insurance cards, together with utilization of health services, among Roma residing in disadvantaged settlements in Belgrade. The Roma Health and Nutrition Survey was conducted in 2009 to assess the social determinants of health among Roma. Data were analysed, using logistic regression, to examine health insurance status and utilization of services by citizenship and residency. Eighty-nine per cent of respondents said they were Serbian citizens. Approximately 11% were refugees, 7% internally displaced persons (IDPs) and remainder domicile. Multivariate analysis revealed that non-citizens were more likely to lack health insurance [odds ratio (OR) = 9.2, confidence interval (CI) (3.5, 24.1)], as were refugees and IDPs [OR = 3.1, CI (1.4, 6.9), OR = 4.0, CI (1.4, 11.5), respectively]. Having health insurance was a positive predictor for being seen by a physician [OR = 2.3, CI (1.3, 4.2), OR = 2.3, CI (1.3, 3.9)]. Data from this survey indicated that non-citizen Roma had limited access to health services. These findings led the Serbian Ministry of Health and National Health Insurance Fund to reduce the administrative and legislative hurdles in obtaining health insurance, to ensure the Roma rights to health care. This demonstration of data-driven policies on Roma health could serve as a model for other countries. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine © The Author 2014; all rights reserved.

  10. Las uniones extramatrimoniales ante la falta de conubium : fundamento jurídico de los impedimentos matrimoniales en la Roma clásica

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Catalán, Elisa

    2013-01-01

    Con la elaboración de la presente Tesis doctoral hemos profundizado en el concepto y naturaleza jurídica del matrimonio a lo largo de la Historia de Roma, sus presupuestos constitutivos, así como hemos analizado de qué manera la ausencia de los requisitos de capacidad física y jurídica determinaban el nacimiento de ciertas prohibiciones o impedimentos matrimoniales que conformaban las denominadas "uniones extra-familiares" surgidas en Roma durante su etapa de mayor esplendor, esto es, la etap...

  11. La contribución del Estatuto de Roma (1998) sobre la Corte Penal Internacional a la consolidación y desarrollo del Derecho Internacional Humanitario

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Espada, Cesáreo

    2000-01-01

    I. Recordando (...) El Estatuto de Roma. El denominado Derecho internacional humanitario.- II. La contribución del Estatuto de Roma (1998) a la consolidación y desarrollo del Derecho internacional humanitario sustantivo: 1. Aclara y precisa crímenes básicos, ratificando su enjuiciamiento y castigo internacionales: A) El genocidio. B) Crímenes contra la humanidad. C) Crímenes de guerra. 2. Y lo hace por una doble vía: El Estatuto y los Elementos del crimen.- III. La contribución...

  12. Dal Centro Storico alla Città Storica: la dimensione progettuale della conservazione − Il caso di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Elio Trusiani

    2004-01-01

    Com a adoção do Plano Regulador, Roma finalmente adquiriu uma nova perspectiva para construir o seu desenvolvimento, partir de um sistema histórico-ambiental tutelado e valorizado (base concreta da sustentabilidade), valorizando a reorganização funcional e espacial das suas estruturas subterrâneas. Uma cidade projetada em uma dimensão metropolitana e organizada segundo um modelo policêntrico – no qual se chama atenção aos trabalhos regulares e superamentos do velho conceito de centro “históri...

  13. La regulación jurídica del transporte marítimo en la Roma antigua

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Valderrama, Fernando; Universidad de La Sabana

    2014-01-01

    El ámbito del transporte marítimo fue muy importante en la antigua Roma. La “civitas” necesitaba proveerse de productos que venían de todo el mar Mediterráneo usando el transporte por mar. Las instituciones jurídicas romanas utilizaron costumbres creadas por otros pueblos expertos en navegación. En el derecho romano, el contrato denominado “locatio-conductio” se usó para regular el transporte marítimo. Algunos de estos contratos se usaron en el comercio y tienen un estrecho vínculo con los ac...

  14. La regulación jurídica del transporte marítimo en la Roma antigua

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Jiménez Valderrama

    2014-01-01

    El ámbito del transporte marítimo fue muy importante en la antigua Roma. La “civitas” necesitaba proveerse de productos que venían de todo el mar Mediterráneo usando el transporte por mar. Las instituciones jurídicas romanas utilizaron costumbres creadas por otros pueblos expertos en navegación. En el derecho romano, el contrato denominado “locatio-conductio” se usó para regular el transporte marítimo. Algunos de estos contratos se usaron en el comercio y tienen un estrecho ...

  15. Oboliscum in circo positum est: monumentos tebanos en Roma y Constantinopla (s. IV). Memoria, expolio y religión.

    OpenAIRE

    Aja Sánchez, José Ramón

    2007-01-01

    Algunos de los obeliscos más grandes erguidos en el Egipto faraónico fueron reutilizados por los emperadores romanos. El artículo se centra en dos de estos monolitos, llamados Laterano y Teodosiano, monumentos que fueron trasladados a Roma y Constantinopla por emperadores cristianos en el siglo IV. Estos magníficos obeliscos presentan más problemas que el resto, y el autor espera que los lectores obtengan un conocimiento más claro de la naturaleza de los mismos. El trabajo analiza los aspecto...

  16. LAS PRIMERAS BIBLIOTECAS PÚBLICAS EN ROMA Y SU IMPACTO EN LA CONCEPCIÓN DE LA LITERATURA LATINA

    OpenAIRE

    Susana González Marín

    2014-01-01

    Las bibliotecas públicas en Roma surgieron al comienzo del Imperio y, aunque en principio eran continuadoras del espíritu de las bibliotecas privadas de época republicana, el estudio de algunos de sus rasgos –su origen, su uso, la distribu- ción de sus fondos, su diseño, etc. – revela que su aparición aportó novedades que implican un cambio en la concepción de la propia biblioteca, así como en el sistema cultural y literario. Su función canonizadora se acentuó, entre otras cosas por el papel ...

  17. Sequence analysis of candidate genes in two Roma families with severe tooth agenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriková Dana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Selective tooth agenesis is the most common congenital disorder affecting the formation of dentition in humans. Both its forms (hypodontia and more severe oligodontia can be found either in isolated form and they can be associated with systemic condition (syndromic tooth agenesis. In addition to previously known genes (PAX9, MSX1 and AXIN2 mutations in EDA, EDARADD and WNT10 gene were recently found to be involved in isolated forms of tooth agenesis. The objective of this study was to characterize the phenotype of affected members in two large families of Roma origin segregating severe isolated tooth agenesis with very variable phenotype and to perform mutation analysis of seven genes with aim to find causal mutation. 26 family members were clinically examined and coding regions of seven genes (MSX1, PAX9, AXIN2, EDA, EDAR, EDARADD and WNT10A were sequenced. With exclusion of third molars, average number of missing teeth was 8.2 ± 4.9 in family 1 and 7.1 ± 2.3 in family 2. The most frequently missing teeth were maxillary lateral incisors and first premolars and mandibular central incisors. Sequencing revealed four potentially damaging variants (g.Ala40Gly in MSX1, g.Ala240Pro in PAX9, g.Pro50Ser in AXIN2 and g.Met9Ile in EDARADD; however, none of them was present in all affected family members. Variable phenotype in both families examined in this study is in favour of heterogeneous genetic cause of tooth agenesis in these families: possible interaction of several defected genes, sequence variants in regulatory regions and additional environmental factors is assumed.

  18. Desafiando os limites da cidadania da União Europeia: as disputas dos grupos roma acerca da (imobilidade Challenging the limits of European Union citizenship: roma struggles over (immobility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicki Squire

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as disputas recentes acerca da mobilidade dos "roma" através da Europa, com foco nas reflexões que se pode fazer sobre os limites da cidadania da União Europeia (UE. Mostrando como a disputa para deportar e conter os cidadãos roma através dos Estados-membros da União reflete uma série mais ampla de limites concernentes à cidadania da UE, a análise questiona quaisquer suposições simplistas em relação à progressão da cidadania europeia sobre a cidadania nacional, apontando as tensões constitutivas entre a cidadania derivada do Estado-nação e a cidadania formada por provisões de livre movimento. Essas tensões são consideradas importantes no entendimento das condições sob as quais emergem contestações das limitações da cidadania europeia. Focando-se especificamente nas disputas de ativistas roma e sinti na Itália, o artigo sugere que questões de mobilidade são críticas para a transformação da cidadania europeia por meio de "atos de cidadania" que contestam limites de um regime de cidadania da UE. Isso não é entendido no sentido de que o livre movimento automática ou inevitavelmente corrigiria os erros de regimes territorial ou nacionalmente inscritos por intermédio da inclusão dos excluídos. Ao invés disso, argumenta-se que as mobilizações dos roma em torno da mobilidade são importantes tanto na contestação de diferenciações internas da cidadania da UE quanto na reconfiguração dos limites em que tal regime se inscreve. Isso ocorre por intermédio de atos que transformam processos excludentes, tais como a criminalização, em reivindicações de justiça social. É possível que se diga que tais reivindicações adquirem novo significado quando desenvolvidas em escala europeia, tendo em vista que, nesse aspecto, elas se tornam "transacionais" no escopo de sua representação. Entretanto, o transnacional não pode ser entendido em um sentido fixo ou espacialmente contido quando visto

  19. Resource recovery from waste by Roma in the Balkans: A case study from Zavidovici (BiH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccari, Mentore; Perteghella, Andrea

    2016-09-01

    Roma communities represent the main involved actors in the informal activities in the Balkan regions, especially because the state does not formally recognize them as formal inhabitants. The Roma community in Zavidovici, despite being resident since the beginning of the 20th century, is still considered a marginalized and vulnerable group. They are actively involved in and dependent on the informal solid waste sector. Waste collection is a 'family business', a kind of self-employment and the main source of income for households. Informal recyclers have a central role in the solid waste management system and they recover a significant amount of materials, especially iron, copper, brass, lead and exhausted batteries. Despite the negative fluctuations of the raw material prices, because of the international economic crisis, informal recyclers remain dependent on the waste recycling sector. They are crucial actors in the value chain of recyclables: though they cannot access the final buyers of recyclables, they provide more than 50% of the market to the middle dealers in the Zenica-Doboj Canton. This research activity consists of a deep socio-economic analysis of the informal recyclers' community living in Zavidovici city. In particular, this paper describes the composition and welfare status of informal recyclers' households, the role of informal recyclers in waste collection, the geographical coverage and the related pattern of waste picking, types, volumes and price fluctuations of recyclable materials, and the middle dealers involved in the informal recycling system. © The Author(s) 2016.

  20. The frequency of factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations in Slovak and Roma (Gypsy) ethnic group of Eastern Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bôžiková, Alexandra; Gabriková, Dana; Sovičová, Adriana; Behulová, Regina; Mačeková, Soňa; Boroňová, Iveta; Petrejčíková, Eva; Soták, Miroslav; Bernasovská, Jarmila; Bernasovský, Ivan

    2012-10-01

    Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A are the two most prevalent causes of inherited thrombophilia. The prevalence of these mutations varies widely in healthy Caucasian population. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations in Slovak and Roma ethnic group from Eastern Slovakia. We analyzed 540 asymptomatic individuals (269 individuals of Slovak ethnicity and 271 individuals of Roma ethnicity) by real-time PCR method. The detected allele frequencies were 2.97 versus 6.64 % for factor V Leiden (p = 0.0049), and 0.74 versus 0.92 % for prothrombin mutation (p = 0.7463) in Slovak and Roma population, respectively. The Roma ethnic group had significantly higher prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation when compared to Slovak ethnic group. The allele frequency of factor V Leiden in ethnic Romanies from Eastern Slovakia was one of the highest in Europe. Our results confirm an uneven geographical and ethnic distribution of factor V Leiden.

  1. Higher content of C18:1 trans fatty acids in early human milk fat of Roma breast-feeding women

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Marhol, Petr; Dlouhý, P.; Rambousková, J.; Pokorný, R.; Wiererová, O.; Hrnčířová, D.; Procházka, B.; Anděl, M.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 5 (2007), s. 461-467 ISSN 0250-6807 Grant - others:GA Mzd(CZ) NJ6120 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50200510 Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : trans fatty acids * roma * human milk Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 1.831, year: 2007

  2. A Idealização de Roma e a sua aceitação pelos Cristãos (Conclusão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Moacyr Campos

    1952-03-01

    Full Text Available (Primeiro Parágrafo do Artigo Visto o ponto principal do nosso trabalho, resta-nos examinar agora a atitude dos autores cristãos do século V em relação à cidade de Roma, depois de encerrada oficialmente a luta entre o estado romano e o Cristianismo

  3. Higher content of C18:1 trans fatty acids in early human milk fat of Roma breast-feeding women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marhol, P; Dlouhý, P; Rambousková, J; Pokorný, R; Wiererová, O; Hrncírová, D; Procházka, B; Andel, M

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to determine the content of trans fatty acids in early human breast milk as an indicator of dietary exposure in a sample of Roma breast-feeding women and in a sample of women from the general Czech population. We collected samples of early human milk from 43 Prague women from the general population and 21 Roma women. After lipid extraction, the fatty acids were converted into methyl esters (FAMEs). Finally, gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) analysis on a CP-Sil 88 column was used to determine C18:1 trans monoenic fatty acid levels and total trans isomers fatty acid levels in human milk. A significantly higher content of C18:1 trans fatty acid isomers was detected in human milk fat from Roma mothers than in women of the general population (2.73 vs. 2.09%, p acid trans isomers. Differences in the frequency of consumption of certain TFA sources (butter, fried crisps) were established. The study proved a higher fatty acid trans isomers content in Roma breast-feeding mothers in the Czech Republic, and this is probably related to their bad eating habits. (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Socio-economic mobility and neo-liberal governmentality in post-socialist Europe: activation and the dehumanisation of the Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Baar, H.

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses recent profound transformations in the post-socialist governance of welfare states and their impact on the Roma, Europe's most marginalised and vulnerable minority. Discussing the consequences of the recent transition of social policy in East Central Europe from the angle of a

  5. Negotiating the Limits of Upbringing, Education, and Racial Hygiene in Nazi Germany as Exemplified in the Study and Treatment of Sinti and Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuch, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Like other minorities, Sinti and Roma were victims of racial persecution by the Nazis. For this group in particular, the Racial-Hygienic and Heredity Research Centre in the Reich Health Office became a central institution in the Nazi system of extermination. Eva Justin, a reseacher at the Centre, published her doctoral dissertation while working…

  6. Frequency of adult type-associated lactase persistence LCT-13910C/T genotypes in the Czech/Slav and Czech Roma/Gypsy populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav A. Hubácek

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Lactase non-persistence (leading to primary lactose intolerance is a genetically dependent inability to digest lactose in adulthood. As part of the human adaptation to dairying, the human lactase LCT-13910C/T mutation (which propagates adult expression of lactase developed, spread and participated in the adaptation to dairying. This variant is associated with lactase activity persistence, and its carriers are able to digest lactose. We compared the frequencies of lactase 13910C/T (rs4988235 genotypes in Czechs/Slavs (N = 288 and Czech Gypsies/Roma (N = 300, two ethnically different groups where this polymorphism has not yet been analysed. Allelic frequencies significantly differed between the populations (p < 0.0001. In Czechs/Slavs, the lactase persistence T allele was present in 76% of the individuals, which is in agreement with frequencies among geographically neighbouring populations. In the Czech Gypsy/Roma population, only 27% of the adults were carriers of at least one lactase persistence allele, similar to the Indian population. In agreement with this result, dairy product consumption was reported by 70.5% of Czechs/Slavs and 39.0% of the Czech Gypsy/Roma population. Both in the Czech Gypsy/Roma and in the Czech/Slavs populations, the presence of carriers of the lactase persistence allele was similar in subjects self-reporting the consumption of unfermented/fresh milk, in comparison to the others.

  7. Konsep Persatuan Dengan Kematian Dan Kebangkitan Kristus Berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14

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    Hanny Frederik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Persatuan orang percaya dengan Kristus adalah doktrin yang merupakan pemikiran kunci dalam ajaran Tuhan bahkan sangat penting bagi teologi Paulus sehingga seorang penafsir, James S. Stewart menyebutnya sebagai “inti dari agama Paulus.” Menurut hasil uraian tentang konsep persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14, maka penulis menarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut: Pertama, orang percaya telah dipersatukan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus melalui baptisan, yang berarti ia turut serta mengalami peristiwa-peristiwa yang dialami oleh Kristus dalam sejarah, yakni penyaliban, kematian, penguburan dan kebangkitan Kristus. Kedua, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus mengakibatkan berlalunya ciptaan lama, yaitu kematian manusia lama sebagai status atau kedudukan seseorang dalam persekutuannya dengan Adam. Kematian Kristus adalah kematian bagi dosa, karena itu dalam persatuan dengan kematian Kristus, orang percaya juga telah mati bagi dosa. Ketiga, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus menghasilkan ciptaan baru, yaitu kehidupan baru sebagai status atau kedudukan orang percaya dalam persekutuan dengan Kristus. Keempat, kehidupan yang berpadanan dengan status baru orang percaya dalam Kristus adalah kehidupan dalam pengudusan yang meliputi hidup dalam pertobatan dan hidup untuk melayani Allah.The unity of the believer with Christ is a doctrine which is a key thought in the teaching of Jesus, moreover it is very important for Paul’s theology such that one commentator, James S. Stewart, delineates it as the “Man in Christ: The Vital Elements of St. Paul’s Religion.” Based upon the results of an analysis about the concept of unity in the death and resurrection of Christ based upon Romans 6: 1-14, the author draws several conclusions as follows: First, believers have been made one with the death and resurrection of Christ through baptism, which means the believer participates in

  8. A comparison of CA125, HE4, risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA, and risk malignancy index (RMI for the classification of ovarian masses

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    Cristina Anton

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms is essential for creating a system for patient referrals. Therefore, the contributions of the tumor markers CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4 as well as the risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA and risk malignancy index (RMI values were considered individually and in combination to evaluate their utility for establishing this type of patient referral system. METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian masses through imaging analyses (n = 128 were assessed for their expression of the tumor markers CA125 and HE4. The ROMA and RMI values were also determined. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curves according to the area under the curve (AUC for each method. RESULTS: The sensitivities associated with the ability of CA125, HE4, ROMA, or RMI to distinguish between malignant versus benign ovarian masses were 70.4%, 79.6%, 74.1%, and 63%, respectively. Among carcinomas, the sensitivities of CA125, HE4, ROMA (pre-and post-menopausal, and RMI were 93.5%, 87.1%, 80%, 95.2%, and 87.1%, respectively. The most accurate numerical values were obtained with RMI, although the four parameters were shown to be statistically equivalent. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in accuracy between CA125, HE4, ROMA, and RMI for differentiating between types of ovarian masses. RMI had the lowest sensitivity but was the most numerically accurate method. HE4 demonstrated the best overall sensitivity for the evaluation of malignant ovarian tumors and the differential diagnosis of endometriosis. All of the parameters demonstrated increased sensitivity when tumors with low malignancy potential were considered low-risk, which may be used as an acceptable assessment method for referring patients to reference centers.

  9. Instructions for learning Italian in two early modern Dutch travel guides: Delitiae Italiae (1602 and Delitiae Urbis Romae (1625

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    José van der Helm

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Istruzioni per imparare l'italiano in due guide di viaggio olandesi della prima età moderna: Delitiae Italiae (1602 e Delitiae Urbis Romae (1625I primi decenni del secolo XVII hanno visto la pubblicazione di due guide di viaggio specificamente destinate a un pubblico neerlandese che intende a viaggiare in Italia. La Delitiae Italiae è stata pubblicata per la prima volta nel 1602, ad Arnhem, essendo un adattamento di un’edizione tedesca pubblicata in occcasione dell’anno giubilare (1600; la Delitiae Urbis Romae appare nel 1625 ad Amsterdam ed offre una descrizione dei luoghi di interesse di Roma includendo una serie di illustrazioni. L’ultima guida risulta anch’essa un adattamento in neerlandese di un’edizione scritta originariamente in latino e pubblicata da Domenicus Custodi ad Augusta (Germania. Le due guide non stanno a sé; esse fanno parte di un corpus di testi di viaggio prodotto dalla metà del Cinquecento in poi: lavori dettagliati che miravano a fornire informazioni su tutti gli aspetti dell’Italia accanto a guide di viaggio compatte, di carattere ibrido, che non descrivono solo i luoghi da visitare, ma vogliono fornire anche informazioni pratiche. Sono guide piccole, pubblicate nel formato comodo in ottavo o in duodecimo, e da paragonare alle guide Lonely Planet, riferimento moderno per i viaggiatori indipendenti. Le due Delitiae descritte in questo articolo entrano chiaramente nellla categoria di guida pratica. Inoltre esse contengono − come parte del loro obiettivo di essere di uso pratico − delle istruzioni per imparare la lingua italiana: una serie di dialoghi in neerlandese-italiano si trova in appendice. Viene analizzato il contenuto di questi dialoghi, nonché il materiale linguistico stesso proveniente da circoli mercantili Quattro- e Cinquecenteschi di Anversa. Infine si ricerca la motivazione degli editori di ripubblicare il materiale mettendolo in un nuovo contesto secentesco: il viaggiatore

  10. Sensory and Flavor Characteristics of Tomato Juice from Garden Gem and Roma Tomatoes with Comparison to Commercial Tomato Juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yaozhou; Sims, Charles A; Klee, Harry J; Sarnoski, Paul J

    2018-01-01

    The objective of this study was to characterize the flavor of a premium Florida tomato variety that has significant potential for producing a high quality processed juice product. A high-quality Florida plum tomato variety (Garden Gem), and a typical grocery-store plum tomato variety (Roma) were thermally processed into tomato juices without any additives. The 2 pilot products and a popular commercially available tomato juice (low sodium with sugar and flavor added) were compared using sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis. Flavor compounds in these products were identified using dynamic headspace purge and trap-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (PT-GC-MS) by MS library match and retention index and were semi-quantitated using internal standards. Color, uniformity, overall liking, tomato flavor, sweetness and texture were rated using a hedonic scale. Analysis of variance, correlation and principal component analysis were used to analyze both sensory and flavor data. Among the 3 products, Garden Gem juice was rated significantly (P sweetness by the 119 consumer panelists in both seasons. Garden Gem juice was found to contain higher levels of 3 sweet/fruity related aroma compounds: 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, linalool, and β-ionone. The commercial tomato juice contained a high level of the Maillard reaction-related notes furfural, dimethyl sulfide, and the least amount of green-related notes (hexanal, E-2-hexenal and Z-2-heptenal). The flavor profile of the Roma tomato juice was similar to Garden Gem juice except it contained substantially lower amounts of hexanal and 2-isobutylthiazole. The compound β-ionone (fruity note) was not detected in either the commercial or Roma juice. This proof of concept study demonstrates that high flavor quality tomatoes can be used to create better tasting processed tomato products. The study also demonstrates how sensory preference can confer a potential market advantage over existing commercial products. The Garden Gem

  11. Regulated open multi-agent systems (ROMAS) a multi-agent approach for designing normative open systems

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, Emilia; Botti, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    Addressing the open problem of engineering normative open systems using the multi-agent paradigm, normative open systems are explained as systems in which heterogeneous and autonomous entities and institutions coexist in a complex social and legal framework that can evolve to address the different and often conflicting objectives of the many stakeholders involved. Presenting  a software engineering approach which covers both the analysis and design of these kinds of systems, and which deals with the open issues in the area, ROMAS (Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems) defines a specific multi-agent architecture, meta-model, methodology and CASE tool. This CASE tool is based on Model-Driven technology and integrates the graphical design with the formal verification of some properties of these systems by means of model checking techniques. Utilizing tables to enhance reader insights into the most important requirements for designing normative open multi-agent systems, the book also provides a detailed and easy t...

  12. Constipación funcional en pediatría: Criterios de Roma IV, diagnóstico y tratamiento

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    David Avelar Rodríguez

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available La constipación (o estreñimiento en pediatría es una de las entidades pediátricas más comunes que el médico general y el pediatra ven en la práctica diaria. Es la causa gastrointestinal más común que resulta en la derivación del paciente a especialistas, causa significativa de ansiedad en los padres. La constipación en pediatría es funcional en 90-95% de los casos. El diagnóstico continúa siendo basado en los criterios de Roma IV. El tratamiento consiste en una etapa de desimpactación y una de mantenimiento.

  13. Depósito de agua para la exposición universal de Roma

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    Colosimo, Roberto

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available As part of the general water services for the Universal Exhibition in Rome, an elevated tank has been built, which will meet all the water requirements of this Exhibition, and constitutes one of its outstanding landmarks. The structure of the water tank is reinforced concrete. The central stem, containing the pipes, stairs and lifts, extends through the tank itself and ends in a circular central spillway. The shape of the tank is very original, and has made it possible to fit into it an observation balcony, where a bar or restaurant can also be installed. The sloping supports withstand the horizontal thrusts due to wind pressure. The weight of the water is taken up by a circular ring, from which eight cantilever beams extend inwards. These do not reach to the centre, as this space is taken up with the services. The foundation consists of a circular slab, made of concrete, in the shape of truncated cone, 28.5 m diam. at the bottom, and 27.2 m at the top, and is 2.3 m thick. This slab rests on 301 piles. The water tank rises to a height of 51 m and can hold 2,500 m3 of water. It is absolutely watertight.Dentro del plan general hidráulico realizado por el señor Colosimo para la exposición Universal de Roma, y como remate del mismo, se ha construido este depósito elevado, destinado a cubrir las necesidades totales del recinto. La estructura es de hormigón armado. El núcleo central, que contiene las canalizaciones, escaleras y ascensores, se prolonga en el interior del depósito propiamente dicho y termina formando una cuneta anular que sirve de rebosadero. La forma particularmente original de la, copa, ha permitido crear un mirador en el que se podrá instalar un bar o restaurante. Los soportes oblicuos absorben los esfuerzos horizontales que crea el efecto del viento. La carga hidrostática, que origina el agua es resistida por un anillo circular del cual parten ocho ménsulas que no se han podido prolongar en el interior del cuerpo central

  14. Influence of modified atmosphere and varying time in storage on the irradiation sensitivity of Salmonella on sliced roma tomatoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemira, Brendan A.; Boyd, Glenn

    2013-09-01

    Salmonella contamination of tomatoes is a recurrent food safety concern. Irradiation inactivates pathogens on fresh and fresh cut produce. However, the interaction of time in refrigerated storage and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) may influence the response of pathogens to irradiation. Roma tomatoes were sliced and inoculated with a cocktail of outbreak strains of Salmonella. The inoculated tomatoes were packaged under one of four atmospheres: air, 10/90 O2/N2, 5/95 O2/N2 or 100% N2. The packages were kept in refrigerated storage (10 °C) for various times after inoculation, to simulate the potential time delay between packaging and irradiation treatment. Tomatoes were irradiated immediately (0 h), or after 24 or 48 h in storage. The surviving populations were recovered and enumerated. Irradiation effectively reduced Salmonella at all times. Estimated D10 value (the dose necessary for 1 log reduction) varied significantly among the combinations of time and MAP, ranging from 0.165-0.335 kGy. Tomatoes packaged in air, irradiated at 0 h, had a D10 of 0.165 kGy; all other combinations showed significantly higher D10. Reduced oxygen generally resulted in higher D10 values, with the highest D10 of 0.335 kGy obtained for 100% N2, 0 h. Time in storage pre-irradiation tended to increase D10 for air and 5/95 O2/N2, but not for 10/90 O2/N2 or 100% N2. These results suggest that time required for refrigerated holding of processed Roma tomatoes or shipment to an off-site irradiation service provider may alter the efficacy of irradiation if reduced oxygen MAP is used.

  15. Dal Centro Storico alla Città Storica: la dimensione progettuale della conservazione − Il caso di Roma

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    Elio Trusiani

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Com a adoção do Plano Regulador, Roma finalmente adquiriu uma nova perspectiva para construir o seu desenvolvimento, partir de um sistema histórico-ambiental tutelado e valorizado (base concreta da sustentabilidade, valorizando a reorganização funcional e espacial das suas estruturas subterrâneas. Uma cidade projetada em uma dimensão metropolitana e organizada segundo um modelo policêntrico – no qual se chama atenção aos trabalhos regulares e superamentos do velho conceito de centro “histórico”, conjugado à parte mais antiga do centro urbano, e a assunção do conceito de “cidade histórica” – compreende um universo mais vasto e difuso no território (do medieval ao Renascimento ao Novecentos. Um método inovador de leitura da cidade, não mais por zonas homogêneas mas por tecidos − isso permite superar o modo de tratamento unitário por zonas inteiras e lê-las ao invés de diferenciá-las, sobretudo em uma cidade como Roma, e para tanto ler as atuais exigências de transformação, procurando conferir, ou restituir, ao final cidade histórica a difícil tarefa de regular a valorização, orientar as estratégias de requalificação, construir as condições do projeto, recuperando, em tal sentido, a dimensão projetual da conservação.

  16. La teoría de los Cuatro Imperios como elemento opositor al Helenismo y a Roma

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    Laura Bizzarro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los textos de Daniel 2 y 7, y los Manuscritos del Mar Muerto (4Q243-44 4Q245 Pseudo-Daniel; 4Q552 y 4Q553/4Q Cuatro Reino en comparación con las teorías griegas de Hesíodo y Herodoto. Dicha teoría sobre la sucesión de imperios (Asirios/ Babilonio, Medos, Persas, Macedonia, Roma, uno más fuerte que él otro, que se suceden; aparece atestiguada en la literatura persa, la greco-romana, la helenística y en los Círculos Daniélicos. Los historiadores romanos, que utilizaron las fuentes griegas y agregaron como quinto imperio al Romano, como el más fuerte e indestructible. En nuestra investigación localizamos influencias persa y griega atestiguada en el sustrato más antiguo de Daniel, unidas a las tradiciones proféticas en el Antiguo Testamento y demostramos que dicha teoría fue utilizada de manera diferente en los círculos apocalípticos judeos-palestinos. La diferencia más notable entre las fuentes grecorromanas, y Daniel (AT o Qumran es que en éste nunca se agregó el quinto imperio (Roma y que explícitamente en Daniel 7 se hace hincapié en que tras la derrota del cuarto imperio (seléucida-helenístico, por parte del reino de los Santos del Altísimo, llegaría el “Reino de Dios”, atemporal, cuyo rey sería un “Hijo de Hombre”, representante directo del Dios de Israel.

  17. The “free” movement of Roma in the EU: From the presumption of the fundamental right to housing to forced evictions and expulsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. COMAN

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to highlight the contradiction between the EU principles ensuring the right of free movement and residence with EU and the legislative frameworks and measures ratified at national level by the member states for managing the inflow of Roma migrants. The first part of the article will underline how the main EU conventions, agreements, and treaties stipulate the right to free movement, residence, and housing of the member state citizens, regardless of their ethnic affiliation, within the EU. The second part will present a synthesis of the housing condition patterns of the Roma from Romania, who migrated to Italy, France, Spain, and United Kingdom, as revealed by the reports of recent researches. In the final section, the article brings a series of measures drawn from recent studies and programs, which might help mitigate these discrepancies.

  18. Formas de ocio en la antigua Roma: desde la dinastía Julio-Claudia (Octavio Augusto hasta la Flavia (Tito Flavio Domiciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Korstanje

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Basados en una mitología netamente política (helénica y poseedores de recursos estratégicos favorables, los romanos se convirtieron en una de las civilizaciones dominantes de su tiempo. En este sentido, muchos investigadores dedicados al turismo, actualmente, han investigado los orígenes y las formas de ocio en la antigua Roma, aunque de manera superficial y muy general. El objetivo del presente trabajo es profundizar sobre las formas de ocio en la Roma Imperial durante las dinastías Julio-Claudia y Flavia, para así poder explicar cuál era la relación del ocio, como institución, con el poder político de la época.

  19. La Chanson de Florence de Rome y Otas de Roma: Algunas consideraciones sobre traducción en la Edad Medi

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    Giselle Carolina Rodas

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El cotejo de la construcción de los personajes y de los espacios en La Chanson de Florence de Rome con su variante castellana, Otas de Roma , permite establecer lineamientos referidos a las particularidades de la traducción medieval. En esta circunstancia de traspaso, el material sufre lógicas transformaciones debido a su recontextualización.

  20. Minoría gitana, Derecho penal y teorías republicanas del castigo || Roma Minority, Criminal Law and Republican Theories of Punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Pérez de la Fuente

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En primer lugar, este artículo plantea argumentos contra el prejuicio antigitano. En especial, los diversos intentos  de mezclar biología y Derecho penal.   En segundo lugar,  analiza tres elementos que explican mejor la relación entre minoría gitana y justicia penal: a El prejuicio como una profecía que se autocumple; b El Derecho penal como un caso de discriminación indirecta; c El prejuicio como falacia de la generalización.  En tercer lugar, se estudian las teoricle ly this artetribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minorías del castigo retribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minoría gitana.   Abstract: Firstly, this article focus on some arguments about the prejudice against Roma people. Specially, different attempts of mixing biology and criminal Law. Secondly, it is analysed three elements that explain better the relationship between Roma minority and criminal justice: a Prejudice as a prophecy that it self-accomplishes; b Criminal Law as a case of indirect discrimination; c The prejudice as a fallacy of generalization. Thirdly, it is studied the retributionist, utilitarian and restorative theories of punishment from the perspective of the rights of the members of Roma minority.

  1. School Self-Concept of Children in the System of Lower Secondary Education in Slovakia - Comparison of Slovak and Roma Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Čerešník

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we compare a school self-concept in Slovak and Roma children in the system of lower secondary education. As a method of diagnostics we used the Student’s Perception of Ability Scale (SPAS, in Slovak Dotazník sebapoňatia školskej úspešnosti detí by Matějček, Vágnerová (1992, who are the authors of the original Czech and Slovak standardisation. We used the innovated form of the scale (Čerešník, 2013. The results of the statistical analysis show significant differences between the compared groups in the monitored indicators of the school self-concept. If we accept that the majority of Roma children come from socially disadvantaged environment then these children belong to children with special educational needs (according to the Act No. 245/2008. Thus, the worse school self-concept in Roma children is not a surprising result. This finding is valid, especially in the relation to possible subdeprivation or deprivation experience based on the deficiency of stimuli leading to saturation of physiological, social and psychological needs.

  2. Minoría gitana, Derecho penal y teorías republicanas del castigo || Roma Minority, Criminal Law and Republican Theories of Punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Pérez de la Fuente

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En primer lugar, este artículo plantea argumentos contra el prejuicio antigitano. En especial, los diversos intentos  de mezclar biología y Derecho penal.   En segundo lugar,  analiza tres elementos que explican mejor la relación entre minoría gitana y justicia penal: a El prejuicio como una profecía que se autocumple; b El Derecho penal como un caso de discriminación indirecta; c El prejuicio como falacia de la generalización.  En tercer lugar, se estudian las teoricle ly this artetribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minorías del castigo retribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minoría gitana.  Abstract: Firstly, this article focus on some arguments about the prejudice against Roma people. Specially, different attempts of mixing biology and criminal Law. Secondly, it is analysed three elements that explain better the relationship between Roma minority and criminal justice: a Prejudice as a prophecy that it self-accomplishes; b Criminal Law as a case of indirect discrimination; c The prejudice as a fallacy of generalization. Thirdly, it is studied the retributionist, utilitarian and restorative theories of punishment from the perspective of the rights of the members of Roma minority. 

  3. AV e attività di eccellenza. Nuove opportunità localizzative nel sistema Roma-Napoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Galderisi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo propone una lettura delle possibili influenze della realizzazione delle reti AV sulla localizzazione/distribuzione di attività di eccellenza, quali attività direzionali, di management, di servizio alle imprese e alla pubblica amministrazione, con specifico riferimento alla tratta AV Roma-Napoli. A partire da una caratterizzazione delle attività di eccellenza, se ne evidenzia anzitutto la spiccata tendenza alla concentrazione urbana, la dipendenza da efficaci connessioni sia immateriali che materiali e la rilevanza assunta dalla variabile temporale nelle scelte localizzative (Sassen, 2001. Quindi, in riferimento ad alcune esperienze europee, si esaminano i principali effetti, in termini di attrazione/concentrazione di tali attività, connessi alla realizzazione delle reti AV (Sands 1993; Vickerman e Ulied, 2006; Gemeente Amsterdam, 2007. Sulla base di tali considerazioni e tenendo conto delle più recenti definizioni e metodi di misura dell’accessibilità (Axhausen et al. 2006; Spiekermann, Wegener, 2005, lo studio propone un indicatore di “accessibilità” finalizzato ad individuare e graduare, in ragione dei livelli di accessibilità, un sistema di luoghi urbani interconnessi mediante reti su ferro (AV e reti metropolitane e regionali dai quali le attività di eccellenza potranno massimizzare il proprio bacino di utenza. L’individuazione di un sistema di luoghi urbani a diverso grado di accessibilità consente di evidenziare le numerose opportunità per la localizzazione di attività di eccellenza che si dischiudono a seguito della riduzione dei tempi di spostamento consentita dalle reti AV. In tal senso, l’indicatore proposto può costituire un utile supporto alle decisioni sia per l’attore pubblico consentendo di governare e orientare i processi di trasformazione conseguenti alla realizzazione della rete AV, estendendone i benefici dalle aree di stazione a più ampie porzioni urbane sia per l’investitore privato

  4. Influence of modified atmosphere and varying time in storage on the irradiation sensitivity of Salmonella on sliced roma tomatoes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niemira, Brendan A.; Boyd, Glenn

    2013-01-01

    Salmonella contamination of tomatoes is a recurrent food safety concern. Irradiation inactivates pathogens on fresh and fresh cut produce. However, the interaction of time in refrigerated storage and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) may influence the response of pathogens to irradiation. Roma tomatoes were sliced and inoculated with a cocktail of outbreak strains of Salmonella. The inoculated tomatoes were packaged under one of four atmospheres: air, 10/90 O 2 /N 2 , 5/95 O 2 /N 2 or 100% N 2 . The packages were kept in refrigerated storage (10 °C) for various times after inoculation, to simulate the potential time delay between packaging and irradiation treatment. Tomatoes were irradiated immediately (0 h), or after 24 or 48 h in storage. The surviving populations were recovered and enumerated. Irradiation effectively reduced Salmonella at all times. Estimated D 10 value (the dose necessary for 1 log reduction) varied significantly among the combinations of time and MAP, ranging from 0.165–0.335 kGy. Tomatoes packaged in air, irradiated at 0 h, had a D 10 of 0.165 kGy; all other combinations showed significantly higher D 10 . Reduced oxygen generally resulted in higher D 10 values, with the highest D 10 of 0.335 kGy obtained for 100% N 2 , 0 h. Time in storage pre-irradiation tended to increase D 10 for air and 5/95 O 2 /N 2 , but not for 10/90 O 2 /N 2 or 100% N 2 . These results suggest that time required for refrigerated holding of processed Roma tomatoes or shipment to an off-site irradiation service provider may alter the efficacy of irradiation if reduced oxygen MAP is used. - Highlights: • Salmonella radiation D 10 increased on sliced tomatoes by MAP and time in refrigerated storage. • Reduced oxygen caused higher D 10 values, up to 0.335 kGy for 100% N 2 . • Refrigerated holding may alter the efficacy of irradiation if reduced oxygen MAP is used

  5. Evaluation of HE4, CA-125, Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) and Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) in the Preoperative Assessment of Patients with Adnexal Mass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Musalhi, Khawla; Al Kindi, Manal; Al Aisary, Faiza; Ramadhan, Fatma; Al Rawahi, Thuraya; Al Hatali, Khalsa; Mula-Abed, Waad-Allah

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the validity and compare the performance of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), the risk of malignancy index (RMI), and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer in patients with ovarian lesions discovered during their preoperative work-up investigations. Methods This prospective, cross-sectional study looked at patients who attended the gynecology department at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, from 1 March 2014 to 30 April 2015, for the evaluation of an ovarian lesion. The inclusion criteria included women who underwent surgical intervention and who had a preoperative pelvic ultrasound with laboratory investigation for CA-125 and HE4. The study validated the diagnostic performance of CA-125, RMI, HE4, and ROMA using histopathological diagnosis as the gold standard. Results The study population had a total of 213 cases of various types of benign (77%) and malignant (23%) ovarian tumors. CA-125 showed the highest sensitivity (79%) when looking at the total patient population. When divided by age, the sensitivity was 67% in premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, CA-125 had lower sensitivity (89%) compared to RMI, HE4, and ROMA (93% each). A high specificity of 90% was found for HE4 in the total patient population, 93% in premenopausal women and 75% in postmenopausal women. CA-125 had the highest specificity (79%) in postmenopausal women. Both CA-125 and RMI were frequently elevated in benign gynecological conditions particularly in endometriosis when compared to HE4 and ROMA. We also studied modifications of the optimal cut-offs for the four parameters. Both CA-125 and RMI showed a significant increase in their specificity if the cut-off was increased to ≥ 60 U/mL for CA-125 and to ≥ 250 for RMI. For HE4, we noted an improvement in its specificity in postmenopausal women when its cut-off was increased to140 pmol/L. Conclusions HE4 and ROMA showed a very high specificity

  6. Evaluation of HE4, CA-125, Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA and Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI in the Preoperative Assessment of Patients with Adnexal Mass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khawla Al Musalhi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate the validity and compare the performance of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125, human epididymis protein 4 (HE4, the risk of malignancy index (RMI, and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer in patients with ovarian lesions discovered during their preoperative work-up investigations. Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study looked at patients who attended the gynecology department at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, from 1 March 2014 to 30 April 2015, for the evaluation of an ovarian lesion. The inclusion criteria included women who underwent surgical intervention and who had a preoperative pelvic ultrasound with laboratory investigation for CA-125 and HE4. The study validated the diagnostic performance of CA-125, RMI, HE4, and ROMA using histopathological diagnosis as the gold standard. Results: The study population had a total of 213 cases of various types of benign (77% and malignant (23% ovarian tumors. CA-125 showed the highest sensitivity (79% when looking at the total patient population. When divided by age, the sensitivity was 67% in premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, CA-125 had lower sensitivity (89% compared to RMI, HE4, and ROMA (93% each. A high specificity of 90% was found for HE4 in the total patient population, 93% in premenopausal women and 75% in postmenopausal women. CA-125 had the highest specificity (79% in postmenopausal women. Both CA-125 and RMI were frequently elevated in benign gynecological conditions particularly in endometriosis when compared to HE4 and ROMA. We also studied modifications of the optimal cut-offs for the four parameters. Both CA-125 and RMI showed a significant increase in their specificity if the cut-off was increased to ≥ 60 U/mL for CA-125 and to ≥ 250 for RMI. For HE4, we noted an improvement in its specificity in postmenopausal women when its cut-off was increased to140 pmol/L. Conclusions: HE4 and ROMA showed a very high

  7. Evaluation of HE4, CA-125, Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) and Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) in the Preoperative Assessment of Patients with Adnexal Mass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Musalhi, Khawla; Al Kindi, Manal; Al Aisary, Faiza; Ramadhan, Fatma; Al Rawahi, Thuraya; Al Hatali, Khalsa; Mula-Abed, Waad-Allah

    2016-09-01

    To evaluate the validity and compare the performance of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), the risk of malignancy index (RMI), and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer in patients with ovarian lesions discovered during their preoperative work-up investigations. This prospective, cross-sectional study looked at patients who attended the gynecology department at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, from 1 March 2014 to 30 April 2015, for the evaluation of an ovarian lesion. The inclusion criteria included women who underwent surgical intervention and who had a preoperative pelvic ultrasound with laboratory investigation for CA-125 and HE4. The study validated the diagnostic performance of CA-125, RMI, HE4, and ROMA using histopathological diagnosis as the gold standard. The study population had a total of 213 cases of various types of benign (77%) and malignant (23%) ovarian tumors. CA-125 showed the highest sensitivity (79%) when looking at the total patient population. When divided by age, the sensitivity was 67% in premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, CA-125 had lower sensitivity (89%) compared to RMI, HE4, and ROMA (93% each). A high specificity of 90% was found for HE4 in the total patient population, 93% in premenopausal women and 75% in postmenopausal women. CA-125 had the highest specificity (79%) in postmenopausal women. Both CA-125 and RMI were frequently elevated in benign gynecological conditions particularly in endometriosis when compared to HE4 and ROMA. We also studied modifications of the optimal cut-offs for the four parameters. Both CA-125 and RMI showed a significant increase in their specificity if the cut-off was increased to ≥ 60 U/mL for CA-125 and to ≥ 250 for RMI. For HE4, we noted an improvement in its specificity in postmenopausal women when its cut-off was increased to140 pmol/L. HE4 and ROMA showed a very high specificity, but were less sensitive than CA-125 and

  8. La regulación jurídica del transporte marítimo en la Roma antigua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Jiménez Valderrama

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El ámbito del transporte marítimo fue muy importante en la antigua Roma. La “civitas” necesitaba proveerse de productos que venían de todo el mar Mediterráneo usando el transporte por mar. Las instituciones jurídicas romanas utilizaron costumbres creadas por otros pueblos expertos en navegación. En el derecho romano, el contrato denominado “locatio-conductio” se usó para regular el transporte marítimo. Algunos de estos contratos se usaron en el comercio y tienen un estrecho vínculo con los actuales contratos de transporte marítimo de mercancías tanto del Common Law como del derecho continental europeo. Adicionalmente a la responsabilidad que surge de la aplicación de estos contratos, el derecho romano estableció una responsabilidad basada en la recepción de las mercancías llamada responsabilidad ex-recepto. Las soluciones jurídicas del Mediterráneo antiguo constituyeron una base sólida para construir el derecho romano. Las reglas marítimas del derecho romano explican algunas instituciones legales vigentes en materia de transporte marítimo y están aún vigentes a través de nuestro derecho.

  9. Una pieza excepcional del Museo Nazionale de Roma y el problema de las lucernas tipo Andújar

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    Darío Bernal Casasola

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos aquí una lámpara romana de producción hispana localizada en los fondos antiguos del Museo Nazionale Romano (Roma, correspondiente a un tipo conocido como derivado de la Dressel 3 o «de Andújar», de cronología altoimperial (siglo i d.C. Adjuntamos ciertos datos que nos permiten asegurar su fabricación no sólo en el yacimiento jienense ya documentado, sino también en la vecina capital bética, Córdoba.We present here a román lamp manufactured in Spain found in the oíd collection of \\he Museo Nazionale Romano (Rome of a type known as derived from the Dressel 3 or «from Andújar». We include some details that let US assure its production not only in the settiement of Los Villares (Jaén, but also in the capital of the Bética, Córdoba.

  10. Régimen patrimonial del matrimonio desde Roma hasta la Novísima Recopilación

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    Yadira Alarcón Palacio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El abordaje de cualquier estudio sobre la institución matrimonial en sus aspectos económicos requiere un análisis histórico para sentar las bases del derecho actualmente aplicable. En este artículo se presenta una visión general de la evolución histórica del matrimonio y de su economía. Se trata de reseñar los antecedentes jurídicos que ha tenido la institución matrimonial y las formas de vinculación de los bienes frente a terceras personas contratantes con quienes eran considerados marido y mujer. Este estudio se remonta a la época del derecho romano, en la que surgieron instituciones que si bien no constituían un régimen comunitario, sí tenían influencia en la responsabilidad patrimonial de los cónyuges. El análisis se centra en el régimen común de bienes. En esta entrega se alcanzará la evolución surgida desde los orígenes de la institución en Roma hasta la Novísima Recopilación en España.

  11. Places of Faith: A Reflection on Landscape of Manila Cathedral Plaza de Roma and Istiqlal Mosque Sacred Grounds of Jakarta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pujalte, MM; Navarra, N.

    2017-10-01

    Crossing boundaries of faith from Manila to Jakarta, this study is to classify the open spaces in their sacred grounds according to its characteristics, elements, use of space and hierarchy of importance in landscape design approach. The reflection of their religious landscape in preserving the traditional, and exploring the non-traditional aspect of their landscape design in global setting is carried out thru a spatial analysis for Plaza de Roma of Manila Cathedral and the sacred grounds of Istiqlal Mosque. The design framework would tackle: concepts, planning approach, functional symbolic values, and aesthetics used. The data and information are all examined based on observation, historical background, analyses, and literature content in determining spatial functions. Finally, when results are completed, this will give a better understanding on the importance of open areas in Manila and Jakarta’s sacred spaces; paving way for a better sense of comfort in spiritual contemplation. This will also help reveal the commonalities in spiritual practices between Islam and Christianity, and the role of landscape in their religion and faith.

  12. Use of chlorine dioxide gas for the postharvest control of Alternaria alternata and Stemphylium vesicarium on Roma tomatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinetta, Valentina; Linton, Richard H; Morgan, Mark T

    2013-10-01

    Tomatoes and potatoes are the top produce affected in terms of value lost in the USA. Postharvest losses can occur anywhere from the time of harvest to the consumers' decision to eat or discard the food. These data support the importance of finding sustainable strategies to minimise food waste and preserve resources. This study evaluated the potential application of chlorine dioxide gas (ClO2 ) technology to control the postharvest spoilage of Roma tomatoes by Alternaria alternata and Stemphylium vesicarium. Data analysis showed that exposure time was a significant factor for fungal disease control (P tomatoes developed white moulds and black spots after 5 days of storage, produce decay was significantly (P < 0.05) delayed after 5 and 7 min treatments for S. vesicarium and A. alternata respectively. The use of ClO2 in the food industry is regulated by both the FDA and the EPA. Currently, only acidified sodium chlorite solutions are approved for the control of micro-organisms in water used to wash fruits and vegetables. No direct applications of ClO2 gas on fresh fruits and vegetables can be found in the regulations. More data are required by the two agencies to demonstrate that residues of ClO2 on produce surfaces are acceptable for human consumption. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  13. LAS PRIMERAS BIBLIOTECAS PÚBLICAS EN ROMA Y SU IMPACTO EN LA CONCEPCIÓN DE LA LITERATURA LATINA

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    Susana González Marín

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Las bibliotecas públicas en Roma surgieron al comienzo del Imperio y, aunque en principio eran continuadoras del espíritu de las bibliotecas privadas de época republicana, el estudio de algunos de sus rasgos –su origen, su uso, la distribu- ción de sus fondos, su diseño, etc. – revela que su aparición aportó novedades que implican un cambio en la concepción de la propia biblioteca, así como en el sistema cultural y literario. Su función canonizadora se acentuó, entre otras cosas por el papel que los emperadores desempeñaron en su creación, de manera que las bibliotecas públicas se convirtieron en una institución literaria fundamental a la hora de construir una literatura latina en pie de igualdad con la literatura griega, sobre cuya configuración también influyeron inevitablemente.

  14. Ocio y ascesis aristocrática : Jerónimo y su lectio divina en Roma (382-385

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    Raúl González Salinero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A su llegada a Roma en el año 382, Jerónimo se convirtió en el guía espiritual de un grupo de mujeres aristocráticas que, influidas por el emergente espíritu del monacato oriental, llevaban una vida ascética en el interior de sus mansiones. Siguiendo la estela de la tradición intelectual que había caracterizado al otium aristocrático, aunque en este caso reorientado hacia el universo cultural cristiano, el estudio y la exégesis de las Sagradas Escrituras a través de la lectio divina se convirtió en el rasgo distintivo del propositum sanctitatis.On his arrival at Rome (382, Jerome did become the spiritual leader of an aristocratic women’s group that, influenced by the emergent spirit from the eastern monastic life, did lead an ascetic life inside their palaces. Following the trail of the intellectual tradition that had characterized the aristocratic otium, although reorientated in this case to the Christian cultural universe, the study and exegesis of the Holy Scriptures throughout the lectio divina did become into the distintive feature of the propositum sanctitatis.

  15. Kogda investitsionnõi dozhd prevratitsja v liven? / Aleksandr Fedotov, Sigitas Pashilaitis, Dmitri Kulikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fedotov, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: The Baltic Course 2007 Winter (nr. 24) lk. 20-24. Põhjalik ülevaade välisinvesteeringutest Eestisse, Lätisse ja Leedusse. Diagrammid: Investeeringute struktuurid. Tabelid: Investeerimisprojektid

  16. Muerte, despedazamiento y apoteosis de Rómulo : un estudio sobre la realidad histórica del primer rey de Roma

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    Ángel Luis Casquillo Fumanal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El descuartizamiento de Rómulo y su apoteosis celestial con el nombre de Quirino no son dos variantes de la muerte del primer rey de Roma, que se excluyan mutuamente, sino dos versiones que hay que armonizar. Augusto Fraschetti (2002 y Andrea Carandini (2006 y 2007 quieren reducir la historicidad del relato sobre la muerte de Rómulo sólo a su despedazamiento, que interpretan como un reparto de la soberanía de Roma entre los senadores y las curias. Pero, siguiendo la tesis de historiador antropólogo Angelo Brelich (1960, hay que recalcar que el despedazamiento del cadáver regio, lejos de tener algo que ver con el reparto de la soberanía en Roma, se remonta a un ritual de inmortalización de la función regia en la Grecia prearcaica (Dioniso y en el antiguo Egipto (Osiris.The tearing to pieces of Romulus and his apotheosis in heaven with the name Quirinus are not variants, mutually autoexcluding, of the death of the first king of Rome. Augusto Fraschetti (2002 y Andrea Carandini (2006 y 2007 reduce the historicity of the narration of the death of Romulus only to his tearing to pieces, that they interprete as an appropriation of the Rome sovereignty by the senators and the curias. But, following the thesis of the historian anthropologist Angelo Brelich (1960, it must be emphasized that the dismemberment of the royal corpse, far from being related to the distribution of the sovereignty, retroacts a ritual of immortality of the regal function in prearchaic Greece (Dionysos and Egypt (Osiris.

  17. Comparison of the Agilent, ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina platforms for classification of copy number alterations in human breast tumors

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    Naume B

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array CGH provides a means to examine DNA copy number aberrations. Various platforms, brands and underlying technologies are available, facing the user with many choices regarding platform sensitivity and number, localization, and density distribution of probes. Results We evaluate three different platforms presenting different nature and arrangement of the probes: The Agilent Human Genome CGH Microarray 44 k, the ROMA/NimbleGen Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray 82 k, and the Illumina Human-1 Genotyping 109 k BeadChip, with Agilent being gene oriented, ROMA/NimbleGen being genome oriented, and Illumina being genotyping oriented. We investigated copy number changes in 20 human breast tumor samples representing different gene expression subclasses, using a suite of graphical and statistical methods designed to work across platforms. Despite substantial differences in the composition and spatial distribution of probes, the comparison revealed high overall concordance. Notably however, some short amplifications and deletions of potential biological importance were not detected by all platforms. Both correlation and cluster analysis indicate a somewhat higher similarity between ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina than between Agilent and the other two platforms. The programs developed for the analysis are available from http://www.ifi.uio.no/bioinf/Projects/. Conclusion We conclude that platforms based on different technology principles reveal similar aberration patterns, although we observed some unique amplification or deletion peaks at various locations, only detected by one of the platforms. The correct platform choice for a particular study is dependent on whether the appointed research intention is gene, genome, or genotype oriented.

  18. Roma y los sistemas monetarios provinciales. Monedas romanas acuñadas en Hispania en la segunda guerra púnica

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    María Paz GARCÍA-BELLIDO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se señala la libertad económica que la Roma republicana concedió a las provincias para la acuñación de moneda local y para la utilización de los sistema ponderales propios. En el caso de Hispania todos los valores acuñados bajo Roma proceden de patrones indígenas, incluido el mal llamado "denario ibérico". Por su parte, los generales romanos gozan de la misma libertad de acuñación respecto a su sistema monetario y se aprovechan de los factores económicos más rentables en las provincias; de ello son testimonio todos los valores anómalos de plata acuñados por Roma en Hispania que ya conocíamos y las nuevas monedas que publicamos aquí: una dracma del Juramento y los ases y semises de plata, las libellae y simbellae citadas por Varrón.ABSTRACT. We point out the economic freedom that Rome allowed the provinces in regard to the monetary sistems. In Hispania all the values minted in the Republican times are inscribed in the indigenous metrological standards, included the wrongly called "denario ibérico". On their side the Roman generals enjoyed the same freedom for minting any value in any metal in the provinces in regard to profit the special economic characteristic of the land. That is proved by all the anomalous silver denominations minted by the Romans in Spain, some of them newly discovered: a drachme of the Oath-taking scene and the silver ases and semises, the libellae and simbellae quoted by Varron.

  19. International history of reception, literary relationships and production histories of La nave bianca and Roma città aperta, the early films of Roberto Rossellini and Francesco De Robertis

    OpenAIRE

    Döge, Frank Ulrich

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation replys to two leading questions: 1. What is the relationship between the veristic narrative Rosso Malpelo (1878) by Giovanni Verga and La nave bianca (1941) on the one hand, the modern city novel Manhattan Transfer(1925) by John Dos Passos and Roma città aperta on the other hand? 2. What is the aesthetic and ideological continuity between the fascist war movie La nave bianca and the presumably antifascist movie Roma città aperta? From 1946 till 1961 the international r...

  20. Needles, Jabs and Jags: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to child and adult immunisation uptake among Gypsies, Travellers and Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Cath; Bedford, Helen; Cheater, Francine M; Condon, Louise; Emslie, Carol; Ireland, Lana; Kemsley, Philippa; Kerr, Susan; Lewis, Helen J; Mytton, Julie; Overend, Karen; Redsell, Sarah; Richardson, Zoe; Shepherd, Christine; Smith, Lesley; Dyson, Lisa

    2017-03-14

    Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2. Examine whether and how these responses vary across and within communities, and for different vaccines (childhood and adult). This was a qualitative, cross-sectional interview study informed by the Social Ecological Model. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 174 Travellers from six communities: Romanian Roma, English Gypsy/Irish Travellers (Bristol), English Gypsy (York), Romanian/Slovakian Roma, Scottish Show people (Glasgow) and Irish Traveller (London). The focus was childhood and selected adult vaccines. Data were analysed using the Framework approach. Common accounts of barriers and facilitators were identified across all six Traveller communities, similar to those documented for the general population. All Roma communities experienced additional barriers of language and being in a new country. Men and women described similar barriers and facilitators although women spoke more of discrimination and low literacy. There was broad acceptance of childhood and adult immunisation across and within communities, with current parents perceived as more positive than their elders. A minority of English-speaking Travellers worried about multiple/combined childhood vaccines, adult flu and whooping cough and described barriers to booking and attending immunisation. Cultural concerns about antenatal vaccines and HPV vaccination were most evident in the Bristol English Gypsy/Irish Traveller community. Language, literacy, discrimination, poor school attendance, poverty and housing were

  1. Needles, Jabs and Jags: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to child and adult immunisation uptake among Gypsies, Travellers and Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cath Jackson

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2. Examine whether and how these responses vary across and within communities, and for different vaccines (childhood and adult. Methods This was a qualitative, cross-sectional interview study informed by the Social Ecological Model. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 174 Travellers from six communities: Romanian Roma, English Gypsy/Irish Travellers (Bristol, English Gypsy (York, Romanian/Slovakian Roma, Scottish Show people (Glasgow and Irish Traveller (London. The focus was childhood and selected adult vaccines. Data were analysed using the Framework approach. Results Common accounts of barriers and facilitators were identified across all six Traveller communities, similar to those documented for the general population. All Roma communities experienced additional barriers of language and being in a new country. Men and women described similar barriers and facilitators although women spoke more of discrimination and low literacy. There was broad acceptance of childhood and adult immunisation across and within communities, with current parents perceived as more positive than their elders. A minority of English-speaking Travellers worried about multiple/combined childhood vaccines, adult flu and whooping cough and described barriers to booking and attending immunisation. Cultural concerns about antenatal vaccines and HPV vaccination were most evident in the Bristol English Gypsy/Irish Traveller community. Language, literacy, discrimination, poor

  2. Calidad de vida en pacientes con diferentes subtipos de estreñimiento de acuerdo a los criterios de ROMA III

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Ruiz-López; E. Coss-Adame

    2015-01-01

    Antecedentes: El estreñimiento funcional y el síndrome de intestino irritable con estreñimiento son altamente prevalentes y generan alteración en la calidad de vida de quienes los padecen. Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de vida en pacientes con estreñimiento funcional y síndrome de intestino irritable, de acuerdo a los criterios de ROMA III, utilizando cuestionarios: PAC-QOL y SF-36. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal tipo encuesta autoadministrado. Se aplicó PAC-QOL, SF-36 y cues...

  3. Preliminary findings indicate nosocomial transmission and Roma population as most affected group in ongoing measles B3 genotype outbreak in Bulgaria, March to August 2017.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurchatova, Anna; Krumova, Stefka; Vladimirova, Nadezhda; Nikolaeva-Glomb, Lubomira; Stoyanova, Asya; Kantardjiev, Todor; Gatcheva, Nina

    2017-09-07

    From March to August 2017, 165 measles cases were reported from three regions in Bulgaria. The age range was 0-55 years and 66% of the cases were under 9 years. The Roma population was disproportionally affected (89% of cases), 41% cases were unvaccinated and in 24 cases there was nosocomial transmission mostly in paediatric departments. A child under 12 months of age died. Control measures have been taken and the investigation is still ongoing. This article is copyright of The Authors, 2017.

  4. [Indicators of statin use as a model for qualitative evaluation of chronic disease management in the Local Health Unit Roma B].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciaralli, Fabrizio; Summaria, Francesco; Mustilli, Marina; Vasselli, Loredana; D'Urso, Antonio; Degrassi, Flori

    2010-01-01

    In chronic diseases the adherence and persistence to therapeutic treatments are often lower than guidelines said. This leads to a worse therapeutic effect of the treatments and to a misuse in healthcare costs. Our study evaluates the impact of a pharmacoutilization analysis model, derived from the administrative database of the Local Health Unit Roma B. In particularly we calculate some indicators of adherence, persistence, occasional treatment and switch in patients on statins secondary prevention treatment (patients discharged from Hospital with Acute Myocardial Infarction diagnosis). The model that we developed would be successfully used in the cost-effective analysis of other drugs.

  5. Implementación de energía solar y estudio de la energía eólica en Puerto Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Galarza Valarezo, Giovanny; Gordillo Vera, Carlos; Rivera Cáceres, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Este proyecto de Tesis se basa en el estudio, diseño e implementación de un sistema para el aprovechamiento de la energía solar en la localidad de Puerto Roma, recinto ubicado en el Golfo de Guayaquil, Provincia del Guayas, debido al insuficiente suministró convencional eléctrico se implementó un sistema de iluminación mediante energía solar o fotovoltaico, beneficiando a seis familias, previo a una evaluación socio económica donde se planteó la solución integral solar. Además este proyec...

  6. Oboliscum in circo positum est: monumentos tebanos en Roma y Constantinopla (s. IV. Memoria, expolio y religión.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aja Sánchez, José Ramón

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Some of the larger obelisks erected in the Pharaonic Egypt were removed and re-used by the Roman emperors. The paper focuses on two of these monoliths, named both Lateran and Teodosian, monuments which were transferred to Rome and Constantinople by Christian emperors in the fourth century. These splendid obelisks present more problems than these of many others, and the author hopes the readers will gain a clearer understanding of the nature of these. The paper analyzes the problematic aspects of their very long histories, and also their religious, ornamental and ideological re-using. The differences with respect to their oldest functions in Egypt are somewhat.Algunos de los obeliscos más grandes erguidos en el Egipto faraónico fueron reutilizados por los emperadores romanos. El artículo se centra en dos de estos monolitos, llamados Laterano y Teodosiano, monumentos que fueron trasladados a Roma y Constantinopla por emperadores cristianos en el siglo IV. Estos magníficos obeliscos presentan más problemas que el resto, y el autor espera que los lectores obtengan un conocimiento más claro de la naturaleza de los mismos. El trabajo analiza los aspectos problemáticos de sus extensísimas historias, y también su reutilización religiosa, ornamental e ideológica. Las diferencias con respecto a sus antiguas funciones en Egipto son algo menores de lo que a priori cabría esperar.

  7. Compliance of St Joseph’s Hospital Roma, Lesotho with the National Tuberculosis Programme of Lesotho, 2007 and 2008

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    Oladoyinbo O. Samuel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In 2009 Lesotho had an estimated TB prevalence of 696 cases/100 000 population − the 4th highest in the world. This epidemic was characterised by high rates of death, treatment failure and unknown treatment outcomes. These adverse outcomes were attributable to a high rate of TB and/or HIV co-infection and weaknesses in the implementation of Lesotho’s National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP. This study was conducted in St Joseph’s Hospital, Roma (SJHR to assess the implementation of the NTP.Method: Records of 993 patients entered into the SJHR TB register between 2007 and 2008 were reviewed. Patients’ treatment details were extracted from the register, validated and analysed by STATA 10.0.Results: Of 993 patients registered: 88% were new patients, 37% were diagnosed on sputum smear microscopy alone, 35% were diagnosed on sputum smear microscopy with chest X-ray, whilst 25% were diagnosed on chest X-ray alone. In addition: 33% were sputum smear positive, 45% were sputum smear negative, and 22% had extra-pulmonary TB. As to treatment outcome: 26% were cured, 51% completed treatment, and 51% converted from sputum smear positive to sputum smear negative over six months, whilst 16% died. Regarding HIV, 77% of patients were tested for HIV and 59% had TB and/or HIV co-infection. Of ten NTP targets only the defaulter and treatment failure rate targets were met.Conclusion: Whilst only two out of ten NTP targets were met at SJHR in 2007–2008, improvements in TB case management were noted in 2008 which were probably due to the positive effects of audit on staff performance.

  8. Manuel Godoy, genio delle scavazioni. Algunas precisiones acerca de sus descubrimientos arqueológicos en el monte Celio de Roma

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    García Sánchez, Jorge

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available During his exile, the Spanish politician Manuel Godoy patronized archaeological excavations in his Roman villa, as the napoleonic aristocracy did. The architect Antonio Celles managed the works in the site throughout 1813 and 1815, while he was restoring Godoy’s palace and garden. The famous Socrates and Seneca marble portrait, the only reliable image of the Spanish philosopher –at the present time in the Berlin Museum-, and two statue bases consecrated to Caracalla –key to place the quarters of Cohors V Vigilum of Rome-, were brought to light in these excavations.A imitación de la aristocracia de la época napoleónica, Manuel Godoy llevó a cabo excavaciones arqueológicas en la villa que poseyó en Roma durante sus años de exilio, ubicada en el monte Celio. El arquitecto Antonio Celles, quien rehabilitaba el palacio y los jardines de la villa, dirigió varios de estos trabajos entre 1813 y 1815. Fruto de éstos, y de excavaciones posteriores, fue el descubrimiento del célebre herma de Sócrates y Séneca, única imagen fidedigna del filósofo hispano, hoy localizada en Berlín, y de dos basas de estatua dedicadas a Caracalla, gracias a las cuales se conoció dónde se situaba el cuartel de la Cohors V Vigilum de Roma.

  9. La venta de perlas en la ciudad de Roma durante el Alto Imperio = Selling Pearls in the City of Rome during the Roman Empire

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    Jordi Pérez González

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El comercio de perlas en la ciudad de Roma se atestigua por primera vez a inicios del periodo imperial. Fue necesaria una amplia red comercial que posibilitase la extracción de perlas desde lugares tan remotos como la India, el Mar Rojo, etc., para poder distribuirlas en la capital. Comercio de lujo encargado en última instancia de su venta al por menor a los margaritarii, o vendedores de perlas. Para un mayor conocimiento de estos personajes hemos realizado un estudio sobre la epigrafía lapidaria referida a ellos en Roma.Pearl trade in Rome is attested in the early imperial period. For distribution in the capital was required extensive sales network able to extract these pearls from places like India, the Red Sea, etc. The sellers of pearls or margaritarii were responsible for the luxury trade. For a better understanding of these characters we have made a study of lapidary inscriptions concerning them.

  10. Fiumicino: New Port City and Gateway of Rome Fiumicino: nuova città portuale e porta di Roma

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    Luciano Fonti

    2009-11-01

    impianto opportunamente strutturato. Un porto (di qualsiasi tipologia potrebbe quindi rappresentare un formidabile volano di sviluppo economico per l’intera area fiumicinense, che diventerebbe così la testata dell’asse di connessione con la città di Roma, che si sta espandendo proprio in direzione mare con la nuova fiera, commercity e l’aera di Parco Leonardo. In definitiva Fiumicino, grazie alla sua posizione strategica rispetto alla metropoli romana e grazie alla sue potenzialità, potrebbe acquisire un nuovo ruolo nel panorama delle città satelliti romane, quello di porta di Roma, affrancandosi definitivamente dal suo status di brano di ex periferia.

  11. La mujer en las profesiones jurídicas y la vida pública: de Roma a nuestros días

    OpenAIRE

    Elejalde Martins, Oriana María

    2017-01-01

    El presente Trabajo de Fin de Grado, titulado “La mujer en las profesiones jurídicas y la vida pública: de Roma a nuestros días”, tiene como objeto de investigación el papel jugado por las mujeres, a lo largo de los siglos, en dichos espacios. Como veremos a lo largo de esta investigación, a pesar de que cada periodo histórico tiene sus especificidades, se mantendrá una cierta continuidad ideológica. Así, a lo largo de los siglos,y hasta llegar al siglo XX, se excluirá a las mujeres, utilizan...

  12. The Roma at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    required to avoid future catastrophe. While governments must guarantee the security of their people and territory, they must also uphold their obligation...document called Essai sur l’inégalité des races humaines which significantly impacted “philosophical and political though in Europe, most notably in...exception of certain exemptions, Gypsies over age 17 were arrested and resettled by the 28 April 1940 order of the Chief of the Reich Security Main

  13. Roberto Deidier (Roma, 1965)

    OpenAIRE

    Nappi, Paolino; Deidier, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    No recuerdo cómo empezó, ni siquiera recuerdo si hubo un verdadero comienzo. Por mi carácter soy propenso a la sorpresa, por lo tanto no amo proyectos, estrategias, prospectivas, y soy ajeno a cualquier tipo de mercadeo. Hay un hermoso poema de Kavafis que habla de esto, de no disipar la vida en negocios y comercios: no me costó tomarlo en serio. Los grandes descubrimientos vinieron con las informaciones que encontré en los manuales de la carrera de Letras. En las aulas de la Universidad «La ...

  14. Instituto Massimo, en Roma

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    Rebecchini, Salvatore

    1965-12-01

    Full Text Available This school complex, known as the Massimo Institute, involves ten separate buildings, where the various forms of teaching are held (both primary and secondary education, and there is also a large court, a gymnasium, two chapels, the priests quarters, also a nunnery, and various secondary facilities, such as stores, porter's lodge and washrooms. The Institute can deal with 1500 pupils, who can move from one section of the school to another along covered passages, which also help to give unity and a pleasant pattern to the total project.El conjunto escolar que constituye el Instituto Massimo, comprende: diez edificios, en los cuales se desarrollan actividades docentes—enseñanza primaria y secundaria—con un gran atrio de distribución; gimnasio; una capilla mayor y una menor; el edificio para los padres rectores del conjunto; el de las monjas; el de los almacenes y servicios; la portería; etc. La capacidad del Instituto es de 1.500 alumnos, y lo más característico de su composición es la red de pasajes cubiertos que enlaza, con gran agilidad plástica, los diferentes edificios.

  15. Paolo Febbraro (Roma, 1965)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Andrés, Juan; Febbraro, Paolo

    2017-01-01

    Paolo Febbraro se dedica a la docencia  en centros de enseñanza superior. Lo mejor de su actividad poética está representada en la obra en verso y prosa Il Diario di Kaspar Hauser (2003; versión española de Bruno Mesa El Diario de Kaspar Hauser, 2015; versión inglesa de Anthony Molino The Diary of Kaspar Hauser, 2016) y en los volúmenes Il bene materiale (2008) y Fuori per l?inverno (2014). Sus versos han sido traducidos al español, inglés, francés y árabe. Como crítico ha publicado libros so...

  16. DISCRIMINAREA IMIGRANŢILOR MOLDOVENI PE TERITORIUL ITALIEI. CAZUL ORAŞELOR BRESCIA, MILANO ŞI ROMA

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    Mihail CREŢU

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Studiul de faţă survolează raza practicilor discriminatorii şi situaţiile de victimizare împotriva imigranţilor moldoveni, provocate de italieni şi chiar de alte grupuri minoritare, rezidenţi ai oraşelor Brescia, Milano şi Roma. În cadrul studiului am lucrat cu două categorii de imigranţi: primul grup de imigranţi şi al doilea grup de imigranţi. Primul grup de imigranţi reprezintă persoanele care lucrează sau locuiesc pe teritoriul Italiei pentru o perioadă de până la 6 luni; al doilea grup de imigranţi sunt persoanele care lucrează sau locuiesc pe teritoriul Italiei pentru o perioadă mai mare de 6 luni. Indiferent de sexul, vârsta, venitul personal şi pe gospodărie, statutul social, tipul şi frecvenţa activităţilor sociale în care sunt implicaţi, la momentul sosirii în Italia, toţi imigranţii au şanse egale de a fi supuşi atitudinilor discriminatorii. Studiul a indicat faptul că probabilitatea de a se confrunta cu situaţii discriminatorii este mult mai mare la nivelul imigranţilor din primul grup decât al celor din al doilea grup, motivul justificator dominant fiind provenienţa etnică a imigran­ţilor. Cel mai frecvent aceştia întâmpină reacţii discriminatorii la momentul exerciţiului muncii lor şi atunci când aplică pentru un loc de muncă. În acelaşi timp, imigranţii se confruntă mai rar cu atitudini discriminatorii în magazine, bănci, restaurante şi în stradă. Ponderea imigranţilor din primul grup victime ale numeroaselor comportamente discriminatorii în situaţii multiple prevalează semnificativ asupra ponderii imigranţilor din al doilea grup.Vârsta şi frecvenţa activităţilor sociale a imigranţilor din primul grup sporesc şansele acestora de a fi discriminaţi. Fiecare dintre factorii enumeraţi mai sus joacă un rol determinant în creşterea probabilităţii comportamentelor discri­mi­na­torii împotriva imigranţilor din al doilea grup. În linii generale, dac

  17. Understanding roma «practices». Prompting educational research to surpass «what is the case» to «what needs to be done»

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    Elias HEMELSOET

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Generally, Roma people are viewed as being very different from those in mainstream society. The aim of this article is twofold. First, it explores these differences and attempts to make sense of the social practices of the Roma. To achieve this, the theoretical framework of meaning and social practices provided by Wittgenstein, Winch and others is applied to this subculture. Secondly, this «extreme case» stretches the theoretical framework to its limits, but it is argued that it is nevertheless possible to give expression to this far-reaching experience of difference. The Wittgensteinian notion of «knowing how to go on» prompts educational research to surpass «what is the case» and get to «what needs to be done». By means of empirical examples taken from research into the education of Roma children, we argue for the need to take this further step. Answers are provided as to «how to go on» with regard to the case investigated, and the feasibilities and constraints of both the theoretical framework and educational research are explored.

  18. En torno al culto al gobernante y a Dea Roma en el Mundo Helenístico: Las póleis y la política de la reciprocidad

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    Moreno Leoni, Álvaro Matías

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste trabajo aborda la cuestión de los cultos ofrecidos de manera voluntaria a los monarcas helenísticos y a Dea Roma por parte de las póleis del oriente griego. Se analiza desde una perspectiva histórica la cuestión de los isothéoi timaí (estatua, sacrificios y fiesta ofrecidos a los reyes helenísticos y se tiene en cuenta la creación de un original culto a Roma con similares características. En ese sentido, nos interesa indagar acerca del papel que estas prácticas cultuales tuvieron en el establecimiento y desarrollo de las relaciones diplomáticas entre las póleis y los êthne griegos con los reyes helenísticos y Roma. Estos dos tipos de cultos muestran continuidades que revelan el carácter estratégico y pragmático de estas prácticas sociales. Creemos que el estudio de este fenómeno aportará elementos para redimensionar el rol activo de las póleis en época helenística en un contexto internacional signado en un primer momento por el dominio de las monarquías helenísticas y luego por Roma. Abstract:This work deals with the cults voluntarily offered to the Hellenistic monarchs and Dea Roma by the poleis of the Greek East. The issue of the isotheoi timai (statue, sacrifices and festivals offered to the Hellenistic kings is analyzed from a historical point of view; and the creation of an original cult of Rome with similar characteristics is also taken into account. In this sense, we are interested in investigating the role that these cultural practices had in the establishment and development of the diplomatic relations between the Greek poleis and ethne with the Hellenistic kings and Rome. These two kinds of cults show continuities which reveal the strategic and pragmatic condition of these social practices. We believe that the study of this phenomenon will provide elements to set the active role of the poleis in the Hellenistic period within an international context characterized by the supremacy of the Hellenistic

  19. El trabajo de campo como colaboración en la diáspora: Iglesia, ONGs y trabajadoras domésticas filipinas en Roma

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    Magat, Margaret

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available In conducting ethnographic research, collaboration with various individuals and groups remain critical. Through «narratives of collaboration,» this article discusses the establishment of partnerships from priests to non-government organization workers (NGOs as well as Philippine embassy officials, while maintaining the trust of the main collaborators, the Filipina domestic workers themselves. It explores the problems stemming from collaborations and from the ethnographer's insider/outsider status in the community. This work looks at the construction of knowledge in the Filipino migrant community in Rome and how it gains credibility and legitimacy.

    Al realizar trabajo de campo, una de las cuestiones clave es el tema de la colaboración con distintos individuos o grupos. Este artículo utiliza las "narrativas de la colaboración" como un medio para analizar las relaciones establecidas con sacerdotes, trabajadores de organizaciones no gubernamentales y oficiales de la Embajada filipina, tratando, al mismo tiempo, de mantener la confianza de las colaboradoras principales: las trabajadoras domésticas filipinas. El análisis incluye una exploración de los problemas que se derivan de las relaciones establecidas, así como el papel simultáneo de la etnógrafa desde fuera y desde dentro de la comunidad, y pretende contribuir a entender cómo la comunidad migrante filipina en Roma construye el conocimiento y consigue credibilidad y legitimación.

  20. Advanced DInSAR analysis for building damage assessment in large urban areas: an application to the city of Roma, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Aranno, Peppe J. V.; Marsella, Maria; Scifoni, Silvia; Scutti, Marianna; Sonnessa, Alberico; Bonano, Manuela

    2015-10-01

    Remote sensing data play an important role for the environmental monitoring because they allow to provide systematic information on very large areas and for a long period of time. Such information must be analyzed, validated and incorporated into proper modeling tools in order to become useful for performing risk assessment analysis. These approaches has been already applied in the field of natural hazard evaluation (i.e. for monitoring seismic, volcanic areas and landslides). However, not enough attention has been devoted to the development of validated methods for implementing quantitative analysis on civil structures. This work is dedicated to the comprehensive utilization of ERS / ENVISAT data store ESA SAR used to detect deformation trends and perform back-analysis of the investigated structures useful to calibrate the damage assessment models. After this preliminary analysis, SAR data of the new satellite mission (ie Cosmo SkyMed) were adopted to monitor the evolution of existent surface deformation processes and to detect new occurrence. The specific objective was to set up a data processing and data analysis chain tailored on a service that sustains the safe maintenance of the built-up environment, including critical construction such as public (schools, hospital, etc), strategic (dam, highways, etc) and also the cultural heritage sites. The analysis of the test area, in the southeastern sector of Roma, has provided three different levels and sub-levels of products from metropolitan area scale (territorial analysis), settlement scale (aggregated analysis) to single structure scale (damage degree associated to the structure).

  1. Simultaneous and individual quantitative estimation of Salmonella, Shigella and Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated Roma tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum var. Pyriforme) and Serrano peppers (Capsicum annuum) using an MPN technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera-Díaz, E; Martínez-Chávez, L; Sánchez-Camarena, J; Muñiz-Flores, J A; Castillo, A; Gutiérrez-González, P; Arvizu-Medrano, S M; González-Aguilar, D G; Martínez-Gonzáles, N E

    2018-08-01

    Simultaneous and individual enumeration of Salmonella, Shigella and Listeria monocytogenes was compared on inoculated Roma tomatoes and Serrano peppers using an Most Probable Number (MPN) technique. Samples consisting of tomatoes (4 units) or peppers (8 units) were individually inoculated with a cocktail of three strains of Salmonella, Shigella or L. monocytogenes, or by simultaneous inoculation of three strains of each pathogen, at low (1.2-1.7 log CFU/sample) and high (2.2-2.7 log CFU/sample) inocula. Samples were analyzed by an MPN technique using universal pre-enrichment (UP) broth at 35 °C for 24 ± 2 h. The UP tubes from each MPN series were transferred to enrichment and plating media following adequate conventional methods for isolating each pathogen. Data were analyzed using multifactorial analysis of variance (p  simultaneous), type of bacteria (Salmonella > Shigella and L. monocytogenes), type of sample (UP broth > pepper and tomato), and inoculum level (high > low). The MPN technique was effective for Salmonella on both commodities. Shigella counts were higher on tomatoes compared to peppers, (p < 0.05), and for L. monocytogenes on peppers (p < 0.05). Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Passado e presente: Sicília e Mileto, Roma e Afrodísias no romance de Cáriton

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    Adriane da Silva Duarte

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Quéreas e Calírroe, romance de Cáriton de Afrodísias (I d.C., tem como ponto de partida e de retorno do par protagonista a cidade de Siracusa, na Sicília do início do século IV a.C.. Uma parte considerável da ação, contudo, se passa em Mileto, para onde se desloca a heroína. Procura-se investigar aqui as razões dessa opção de Cáriton, que já na primeira sentença de sua obra proclama sua nacionalidade, alertando o leitor que o autor é um grego que vive na periferia do império romano. A hipótese é que a escolha por situar a ação do romance no passado reflita menos a emulação do relato historiográfico, especialmente o de Tucídides, mas antes uma estratégia para tratar indiretamente da relação entre Afrodísias e Roma no presente.

  3. Le cure educative nella scuola di Mompiano e nelle Case dei bambini di Roma e Milano in età giolittiana.

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    Tiziana Pironi

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Nell’importante fase di modernizzazione che investe la società italiana agli inizi del Novecento, il problema delle istituzioni infantili prescolastiche diventa centrale nel dibattito pedagogico del tempo. Rilevante appare il contributo offerto dall’emancipazionismo femminile per un superamento delle vecchie pratiche filantropiche in vista di un moderno concetto di assistenza: ciò implica il superamento della visione puramente custodialistica dell’ “asilo”, di cui si sottolinea l’importante funzione educativa, con una conseguente riflessione sulle “cure” da destinare all’infanzia. E’ proprio in questo momento che si realizzano due esperienze educative, su cui converge subito l’attenzione del mondo politico e pedagogico, e che diventeranno due punti di riferimento per l’educazione infantile. Si tratta di due “modelli” profondamente segnati dalla differenziata situazione socio-culturale in cui vengono inizialmente sperimentati: la Scuola materna di Rosa Agazzi, espressione di un’Italia ancora in prevalenza agricola e contadina; la Casa dei bambini di Maria Montessori, concepita in un progetto di riqualificazione urbanistica, nella realtà di degrado sociale delle grandi periferie di Roma e di Milano.

  4. Sapere digitale e pensiero critico. Intorno al convegno “Noetica versus Informatica: le nuove strutture della comunicazione scientifica” (Roma, 19-20 novembre 2013

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    Luigi Catalani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scopo di questo contributo è quello di provare a tirare le fila del convegno internazionale “Noetica versus Informatica: le nuove strutture della comunicazione scientifica”, svoltosi a Roma dal 19 al 20 novembre 2013. Alla luce del conflitto epistemico enunciato nel titolo, si è cercato di evidenziare i principali nodi concettuali emersi durante le quattro sessioni di lavoro, che invitano ad un’attenta riconsiderazione del ruolo della bibliografia, dei servizi bibliotecari e dei paradigmi tradizionali dell’organizzazione dell’informazione, anche alla luce delle tendenze più recenti legate allo sviluppo del web semantico, dei discovery tools, dei social network, dell’open access e delle biblioteche digitali. L’accento è posto in particolare su quei contributi capaci di attivare pensiero critico in merito allo stato attuale e alle prospettive della conoscenza nell’ecosistema digitale, considerato che appare imprescindibile l’adozione di ontologie semantiche, mappe cognitive e infrastrutture indicali capaci di far ‘esplodere’ il potenziale epistemologico dei documenti registrati.

  5. Borderline Ovarian Tumors and Diagnostic Dilemma of Intraoperative Diagnosis: Could Preoperative He4 Assay and ROMA Score Assessment Increase the Frozen Section Accuracy? A Multicenter Case-Control Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gizzo, Salvatore; Berretta, Roberto; Di Gangi, Stefania; Guido, Maria; Zanni, Giuliano Carlo; Franceschetti, Ilaria; Quaranta, Michela; Plebani, Mario; Nardelli, Giovanni Battista; Patrelli, Tito Silvio

    2014-01-01

    The aim of our study was to assess the value of a preoperative He4-serum-assay and ROMA-score assessment in improving the accuracy of frozen section histology in the diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors (BOT). 113 women presenting with a unilateral ovarian mass diagnosed as serous/mucinous BOT at frozen-section-histology (FS) and/or confirmed on final pathology were recruited. Pathologists were informed of the results of preoperative clinical/instrumental assessment of all patients. For Group_A patients, additional information regarding He4, CA125, and ROMA score was available (in Group_B only CA125 was known). The comparison between Group A and Group B in terms of FS accuracy, demonstrated a consensual diagnosis in 62.8% versus 58.6% (P: n.s.), underdiagnosis in 25.6% versus 41.4% (P < 0.05), and overdiagnosis in 11.6% versus 0% (P < 0.01). Low FS diagnostic accuracy was associated with menopausal status (OR: 2.13), laparoscopic approach (OR: 2.18), mucinous histotype (OR: 2.23), low grading (OR: 1.30), and FIGO stage I (OR: 2.53). Ultrasound detection of papillae (OR: 0.29), septa (OR: 0.39), atypical vascularization (OR: 0.34), serum He4 assay (OR: 0.39), and ROMA score assessment (OR: 0.44) decreased the probability of underdiagnosis. A combined preoperative assessment through serum markers and ultrasonographic features may potentially reduce the risk of underdiagnosis of BOTs on FS while likely increasing the concomitant incidence of false-positive events. PMID:25431767

  6. Borderline Ovarian Tumors and Diagnostic Dilemma of Intraoperative Diagnosis: Could Preoperative He4 Assay and ROMA Score Assessment Increase the Frozen Section Accuracy? A Multicenter Case-Control Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Gizzo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to assess the value of a preoperative He4-serum-assay and ROMA-score assessment in improving the accuracy of frozen section histology in the diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors (BOT. 113 women presenting with a unilateral ovarian mass diagnosed as serous/mucinous BOT at frozen-section-histology (FS and/or confirmed on final pathology were recruited. Pathologists were informed of the results of preoperative clinical/instrumental assessment of all patients. For Group_A patients, additional information regarding He4, CA125, and ROMA score was available (in Group_B only CA125 was known. The comparison between Group A and Group B in terms of FS accuracy, demonstrated a consensual diagnosis in 62.8% versus 58.6% (P: n.s., underdiagnosis in 25.6% versus 41.4% (P<0.05, and overdiagnosis in 11.6% versus 0% (P<0.01. Low FS diagnostic accuracy was associated with menopausal status (OR: 2.13, laparoscopic approach (OR: 2.18, mucinous histotype (OR: 2.23, low grading (OR: 1.30, and FIGO stage I (OR: 2.53. Ultrasound detection of papillae (OR: 0.29, septa (OR: 0.39, atypical vascularization (OR: 0.34, serum He4 assay (OR: 0.39, and ROMA score assessment (OR: 0.44 decreased the probability of underdiagnosis. A combined preoperative assessment through serum markers and ultrasonographic features may potentially reduce the risk of underdiagnosis of BOTs on FS while likely increasing the concomitant incidence of false-positive events.

  7. On some theoretical and methodological issues in researching the Roma population in sociology and ethnology/socio-cultural anthropology. The example of an ongoing research project in Serbia

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    Miloš Milenković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers theoretical and methodological problems noted during the research project “Social and cultural potentials of the Roma ethnic community in Serbia” undertaken during 2013 and 2014. These problems point to an extant yet latent tension between the anthropological and the sociological approaches to the researched reality, with special emphasis on the antirealist tradition of the former and the empiricist “realist” tradition of the latter in the Serbian academic tradition of these disciplines. The paper considers how standard issues connected to methodological aspects of this primarily sociological research project (choice of topic, creation of sample, the making of field instruments, selection of informants, communication in the field, use of field assistants, data analysis and the making of the manuscript diffract through the prism of theoretically disputable concepts of identity, ethnicity, assimilation and essentialization, which are subject to continuing questioning in anthropological theoretical and empirical research. The experience of conducting research together displays a set of methodological defaults on the anthropological and a set of theoretical defaults on the sociological side, followed by research renunciations and interpretative tensions and frustrations that arise from them, so it can be used as a guide to understanding disciplinary differences and similarities, especially when planning cooperation on a global level as well as in the local research context. Aside from this, the indivisibility of theoretical and methodological structures and the huge influence of theory on method, as demonstrated by the research itself, is considered, with implications for understanding theoretical and methodological issues which are bigger than the two disciplines in question. It is concluded that, for pragmatic reasons, multidisciplinary research of this type must be designed to suppress the theoretical ambitions of

  8. El Palacio de España en Roma a través de los dibujos de Ferdinando Fuga y José de Hermosilla

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    Simal López, Mercedes

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1747 the Spanish Ambassador in Rome was charged with the realization of plans of the building in which the Spanish Embassy was located for the purpose of studying wheter it would be possible to house the pensioners sent to the city by the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in order to complete their artistic studies. Alfonso Clemente de Aróstegui commissioned the architect Ferdinando Fuga to carry out the work, and assisted by one of his students, José de Hermosilla, they drew six plans of the building. Recently, these designs have been located in the Archivo General de la Administración; they constitute a document of enormous interest for the study of the diplomatic headquarters and for the Italian sojourn of the Spanish pensioner.

    En 1747 se encargó al embajador español en Roma la realización de planos del palacio que albergaba la embajada, con el fin de estudiar si sería posible instalar en el edificio a los pensionados españoles que habían acudido a la ciudad bajo la protección de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando para completar su formación. Alfonso Clemente de Aróstegui encargó el trabajo al arquitecto Ferdinado Fuga, quien con la ayuda de uno de los alumnos de su estudio, José de Hermosilla, trazó seis planos del edificio. Recientemente localizados en el Archivo General de la Administración, constituyen un documento de enorme interés para el estudio de la sede diplomática y de la estancia italiana del pensionado español.

  9. «Come prigionieri di guerra» (Pol. 24.13.4: gli Achei dall´alleanza alla sottomissione a Roma

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    Paolo DESIDERI

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este artículo analiza el papel que desempeñó la intimidación que los romanos ejercieron sobre otros pueblos para establecer su Imperio de Oriente en las décadas posteriores a la derrota de Antíoco el Grande, en el año 190 a.C. Además, se presta especial atención al desarrollo de las relaciones que entablan Roma y la Liga Aquea en los años ochenta de aquel siglo. Tanto los escritos de Polibio como la interpretación que de éstos llevó a cabo Livy dan fe del fortalecimiento de la tendencia imperialista romana, así como de su impacto en la política aquea. En la conclusión se hace referencia a un capítulo famoso de Diodoro en el que la intimidación y la actitud terrorista aparecen como rasgos característicos de la fase final de construcción de los imperios. ABSTRACT: This is an analysis of the role played by the Romans’ intimidation of other peoples in the making of their empire in the East, in the decades after Antiochus the Great’s defeat in 190 B.C. Special attention is devoted to the development of the relations between Rome and the Achean League in the eighties. Through Polybius and the Polybian tradition (Livy we can follow the strengthening of the imperialistic trend on the part of Rome, and its impact on Achean politics. At the end, reference is made to a famous Diodorean passage, where intimidation and a terrorist attitude are considered peculiar features of the final phase of the making of empires.

  10. Consorciando os habitantes: As experiências das “zonas O” e dos “topónimos” em Roma

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    Carlo Cellamare

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Em Roma, no último século, o fenómeno do abusivismo (que em italiano indica uma verdadeira “cultura da ilegalidade urbana” tornou‑se uma modalidade comum de desenvolvimento dos aglomerados urbanos. O fenómeno – que tinha originalmente um cariz “de necessidade”, devido à incapacidade dos poderes públicos de resolver a falta de habitação das camadas sociais mais vulneráveis – tornou‑se, com o passar do tempo, uma forma de construção de habitações de qualidade a custos acessíveis, pensadas para um público mais abastado, e depois uma actividade especulativa, envolvendo situações em que o construtor não coincide necessariamente com o residente e os usos do solo não são apenas residenciais. Desde o Plano Regulador Geral de 1962, as coligações progressistas que governaram a capital têm vindo a enfrentar o fenómeno de forma estrutural. Este artigo descreve uma medida idealizada pelo Município – na ausência de uma lei nacional para regularizar a cidade informal – baseada na construção de consórcios de autorrecuperação por parte dos habitantes e reflecte sobre o valor acrescentado da participação dos moradores na regularização legal e urbanística das áreas onde vivem.

  11. A IURD e suas estratégias litúrgicas na Europa: reflexões a partir de Roma, Madri e Barcelona

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    Marcos de Araújo Silva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Com base em pesquisas de campo, este trabalho analisa as estratégias litúrgicas da Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus (IURD nas cidades de Roma, Madri e Barcelona. O foco da análise se encontra nas formas como a instituição, em suas diversas atividades (que se definem como "curativas" e que prometem sanar qualquer tipo de problema - seja de ordem social, física ou espiritual, viabiliza a inteligibilidade de conceitos e práticas para grupos de fiéis que são compostos, majoritariamente, por imigrantes das mais diversas nacionalidades, e também por membros das sociedades locais. Os dados etnográficos sugerem que os sentidos terapêuticos e de eficácia simbólica que costumam ser atribuídos por tais grupos de fiéis às atividades da IURD devem-se, em especial, à capacidade desta instituição em dialogar com públicos heterogêneos (tanto em termos socioculturais, quanto de origens nacionais e de experiências religiosas prévias, porém que em diversos casos apresentam importantes semelhanças: concepções de sagrado que são vinculadas a elementos que provêm de crenças e ritos relacionados com esoterismo, xamanismo e "bricolagens religiosas individuais". As estratégias analisadas evidenciam não apenas a interculturalidade de uma igreja neopentecostal brasileira atuante na Europa, mas também a ocorrência de dinâmicas da esfera religiosa nesse continente, antes só exportador de instituições e doutrinas religiosas e hoje, também um território fértil para o trabalho missionário.

  12. Planos de arquitectos españoles publicados en Roma (s. XIX: el Teatro de Marcelo y el Santuario de Hércules Vencedor

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    García Sánchez, Jorge

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the eighteenth century, numerous architects, including Spaniards, travelled to Rome to study the ancient monuments, at a time when a view of the Greco-Roman past prevailed in European art as an aesthetic solution and theoretical answer to outdated Baroque art. These works constitute an important graphic document of the condition of the classic monuments at that time, and they reflect the archaeological interest of the Enlightenment. As a perfectly developed science, architecture approached the analysis of Antiquity with a precision that did not exist in antiquarian mentality, as demonstrated in the two examples we offer here: the elaboration of the archaeological plans of the Theatre of Marcellus and the Sanctuary of Hercules Victor.En el siglo XVIII el estudio de los monumentos de la Antigu.edad condujo a numerosos arquitectos a Roma, incluidos los españoles, en una época en la que predominaba en las artes europeas una contemplación del pasado grecorromano como solución estética y respuesta teórica al caduco arte barroco. Estos trabajos constituyen una importante documentación gráfica del estado de los monumentos clásicos en aquel entonces, y reflejan las inquietudes arqueológicas del Siglo de la Ilustración. Al tratarse de una ciencia ya perfectamente desarrollada, la arquitectura abordó el análisis de la Antigu.edad con una precisión inexistente en la mentalidad anticuaria, como demuestran los dos ejemplos que ofrecemos: la elaboración de los planos del Teatro de Marcelo y del Santuario de Hércules Victor.

  13. Urban Transformations in the After-Unity Capitals: Turin, Florence, Rome Trasformazioni urbane nelle capitali post-unitarie: Torino, Firenze, Roma

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    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2011-04-01

    .

    Before Florence, then Rome (two cities that represent a fundamental part of artistic and cultural national heritage see the opportunity to modernize their urban structure. Urban plans are also formed for this purpose, although the instruments are deficient in relation to their technical capacity and the public administrations have low authority in the driving of the transformations. Instead, private investors and national and international banks will have open hand, facilitated from the new liberal State that will not hinder the freedom of action of private capitals.

    The paper want to identify the major changes occurred in the three capital cities (Turin, Florence, and Rome investigating the urban processes and the main events in the period from 1861 to 1900. The unification acts on the three cities in different ways. In 1861 they are very different from each other, with a single similar factor, the number of inhabitants (about 150,000 each. The process of building of the new nation acts on the cities changing even more their characters and extending their differences.

    La costruzione dello stato unitario, avvenuta nell’arco di un decennio (1861-1871 portò alla necessità di spostare la capitale del Regno in un percorso di avvicinamento a Roma. Da Torino la capitale fu prima spostata a Firenze (1865, poi nel suo luogo naturale, Roma (1871. Gli spostamenti non comportarono solo conseguenze di ordine politico. Esse portarono anche alla necessità di intervenire sulla struttura urbana delle città per renderle capaci di accogliere la nuova funzione. Sia Torino che Firenze che, in misura maggiore, Roma, subirono rilevanti trasformazioni urbane, nel solco dei processi trasformativi che interessarono le città Ottocentesche d’Europa.

    Obiettivo dell’articolo è:

    -     analizzare i caratteri urbanistici delle città al 1861;

    -     individuare le trasformazioni riconducibili al loro status di capitale;

    -     definire gli impatti di

  14. Lourenço de Salzedo en Roma. Influencias del Manierismo romano en la obra del pintor de la reina Catarina de Portugal

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    Serrao, Vitor

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Only in recent years have the works of Lourenço de Salzedo, a quite interesting painter from Seville who worked at the Portuguese court for queen Catherine of Austria (widow of king Joao III, from approximately 1564 to 1577 (year of his death, begun to be regarded in a new light. The recently restored panels that he painted between 1570 and 1572 for the main altarpiece of the Jeronymite Monastery of Lisbon display a profound knowledge of Italian culture, possible only for one who had studied in Rome. In effect, Salzedo was in the city of the Popes toward the middle of the sixteenth century - as were Gaspar Becerra, Pedro Roviale or the Portuguese artist Antonio Campelo - assimilating echos of Roman Bella Maniera painting in the works of the followers of Michelangelo - Girolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta, Daniele da Volterra, Francesco Salviati and Pellegrino Tibaldi.

    Sólo en fecha reciente la Historia del Arte evaluó desde otro punto de vista la obra de Lourenço de Salzedo, un pintor bastante interesante de origen sevillano que pasó a la corte portuguesa, donde, desde 1564, por lo menos, hasta 1577, fecha de su muerte, será pintor de la Reina Catarina de Austria, viuda de D. Joao III. Las recién restauradas tablas que pinta entre 1570-1572 para el retablo mayor del Monasterio de los Jerónimos en Lisboa, después de frustradas diligencias junto a Felipe II para que otros viniesen a pintarlas (Gaspar Becerra, Franz Floris y Francisco de Urbina fueron algunos de los nombres propuestos muestran una profunda cultura italianizante sólo posible de adquirir con una práctica artística en Roma. Testimoniamos que, de hecho, Salzedo pasó por la ciudad papal en los años centrales del siglo XVI —tal como Gaspar Becerra, Pedro Roviale o el portugués Antonio Campelo—, asimilando ahí los ecos de la Bella Maniera romana junto a las obras miguelangelescas tanto de Girolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta como de Daniele da Volterra, Francesco

  15. La iglesia de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en Roma: un monumento barroco a la pietas hispanica

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    González Tornel, Pablo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1667 the construction of the Hospice of Saints Ildefonso and Tomás de Villanueva began on the Roman Via Sistina. The headquarters of the Augustinian Recollects in Rome took on a particular architectural configuration directly inspired by Francesco Borromini’s Chapel of the Three Kings and a very concrete iconography linked to the political situation during the second half of the 17th century. Thus the church was decorated to create a monument to the Immaculate Conception with images of the Loreto litany adorning its walls, reinforced by paintings of the Virgins of Copacabana and Guadalupe inside. All of this, combined with the dedication of the building to Saint Tomás de Villanueva (canonized in 1658, turns the temple into a celebration of the pietas hispanica in an area of the Holy City scene of clashes for power between France and Spain.En 1667 se pone la primera piedra del Hospicio de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en la Via Sistina romana. La sede de la orden de los agustinos recoletos en Roma toma una particular configuración arquitectónica, directamente inspirada en la Capilla de los Reyes Magos de Francesco Borromini, y una muy definida iconografía vinculada con la situación política de la segunda mitad del siglo XVII. Así, la iglesia se erige en un monumento a la Inmaculada Concepción concretado en las imágenes de la letanía lauretana que ornan sus muros y reforzado por las pinturas de las vírgenes de Copacabana y Guadalupe en su interior. Todo ello, junto a la advocación a Santo Tomás de Villanueva, canonizado en 1658, convierte el templo en un alegato a la pietas hispanica en un área de la ciudad que fue escenario de los enfrentamientos entre Francia y España.

  16. Percepção dos agricultores familiares da comunidade de Roma-PB sobre o processamento mínimo de frutas e hortaliças

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    E. M. Pereira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O agronegócio brasileiro vem crescendo acentuadamente nos últimos anos, uma das atividades que mais se destaca nesse setor é o pequeno agronegócio, que geralmente é iniciado por famílias de comunidades rurais, como uma alternativa de fonte de renda. O este trabalho teve como objetivo conscientizar agricultores familiares da comunidade de Roma, município de Bananeiras-PB, com o uso da tecnologia do processamento mínimo, no intuito de agregar valor ao produto final, garantindo assim segurança alimentar, nutricional e econômica aos produtores e consumidores do Brejo Paraibano. Foi aplicado um questionário contendo 10 questões com o intuito de fazer um levantamento sobre os conhecimentos prévios e conscientização dos produtores familiares sobre o assunto, como também desenvolver a percepção dos agricultores familiares sobre o tema. No entanto, existe a necessidade de campanhas de transferência de tecnologia que possam facilitar o aprendizado e capacitação dos mesmos sobre o assunto.Perception of family farmers of Rome-PB community on fruit and vegetables minimum processingAbstract: Brazilian agribusiness has grown markedly in recent years, one of the activities that stands out most in this sector is the small agribusiness, which is usually started by families of rural communities as an alternative source of income. The this study aimed to educate farmers of the community in Rome, the city of Bananeiras - PB, with the use of minimal processing technology in order to add value to the final product, thus ensuring food security, nutritional and economical for producers and consumers Brejo Paraibano. a questionnaire containing 10 questions in order to make a survey of existing knowledge and awareness of family farmers on the issue was applied, but also to develop the perception of farmers on the subject. However, there is a need for technology transfer campaigns that can facilitate the learning and training of the same on the subject.

  17. Ove Torgny, Hundra procent Roma: en njutbar källa för sköna dagar i Rom (Ängelholm: SkåneFörlaget, 2006

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    Kjartan Ólafsson

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Guide books are in many ways a curious type of books. All of them promise to some extent the same promise - to introduce the reader to some place (a town, a country or even a whole continent. In doing so the guide book aims to draw out the essence of that place its true core and presents the reader with the highlights, the ‘best of’. It is somewhat unusual for guide books to spell this out as clearly as is the case with Hundra procent Roma by Ove Torgny. If the title in itself is not clear enough, this promise is also taken up on the back cover which declares that the book picks up the thread where other guide books end.

  18. Un palacio en fiesta: Troyano Acquaviva y la celebración por los esponsales de Carlos de Borbón y María Amalia de Sajonia en el palacio de España en Roma

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    Diez del Corral Corredoira, Pilar

    2015-01-01

    En este artículo se pretende analizar la celebración por los esponsales de Carlos de Borbón y de María Amalia de Sajonia a la luz de los conflictos diplomáticos en los que se vio envuelto el cardenal Troyano Acquaviva durante los primeros años de su embajada en Roma. Se abordará el particular ambiente político y social en el que Troyano tuvo que hacerse un lugar como legado del Monarca Católico y cómo esta celebración fue la primera muestra de poder significativa después de casi dos años de t...

  19. El Deán Martí y el conde de Cervellón: de la Academia de la Arcadia de Roma al exilio valenciano en Viena

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    Gil Saura, Yolanda

    2014-01-01

    En 1734 se publicaban en la imprenta de Albrizzi en Venecia las obras del poeta burgalés del siglo xvi Fernando Ruiz de Villegas. La publicación estaba a cargo de Juan Basilio Castelví, conde de Cervellón, residente entonces en Viena, propietario del manuscrito, e iba precedida de un prólogo redactado por el deán Manuel Martí, por entonces en Alicante. La historia de la edición se remonta más de treinta años atrás, cuando el deán Martí, recién llegado de Roma, encontró el manuscrito en la bib...

  20. Lines of action to restore San Basilio Ditch (Rome). A case study; Linee di azione per il risanamento del fosso di San Basilio (Roma). Un caso di studio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munafo' , M. [Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente, Dipartimento Stato dell' Ambiente, Controlli e Sistemi Informativi, Rome (Italy); Macchi, S. [Rome Univ. La Sapienza, Rome (Italy). Dipt. di Architettura e Urbanistica per l' Ingegneria; Mancini, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Laboratorio di Igiene Ambientale, Rome (Italy)

    2001-10-01

    In this work the aim is the investigation of several environmental monitoring techniques suitable to evaluate surface watercourse quality. The case study is the San Basilio catchment basin, located in the eastern suburbs of Rome (drainage basin of the river Aniene). Implications on urban and environmental planning have been studied in a multidisciplinary approach. The present study adds to a traditional and localized chemical-physical, chemical and bacteriological monitoring, a biological monitoring that is able to provide holistic answers and to study the overall effects. From this kind of water analysis, it is feasible to proceed with the study of the watercourse as a complex ecosystem, where the riparian eco tone is considered as a very influent element on the water body state. In the analysis here presented the attempt is to extend even more the prospective utilizing the relations between the river system and the surrounding area and examining the driving forces that can originate point and non-point loading on the stream. Finally, from the obtained results, some hypothesis of restoration have been considered with the aim of restoring the river ecosystem continuity and environmental quality. Moreover, the chief ambits of intervention have been located. [Italian] Sono state analizzate diverse tecniche di monitoraggio della qualita' di un corso d'acqua, il fosso di San Basilio, situato nella periferia orientale della citta' di Roma (bacino idrografico dell'Aniene), e delle loro implicazioni per la pianificazione urbanistica e per la riqualificazione ambientale, con un approccio di tipo multidisciplinare e multiparametrico. Partendo dal monitoraggio tradizionale di tipo chimico-fisico, chimico e batteriologico, che studia la qualita' delle acque in maniera puntuale (nello spazio e nel tempo) si passa al monitoraggio biologico, piu' adatto a fornire risposte di carattere olistico (cioe' a studiare gli effetti d'insieme). Dall

  1. PERFORMATIVIDAD DE LA ANSIEDAD: ENCUENTROS MATERIALES ENTRE ROMA Y LAS COMUNIDADES LOCALES EN EL NOROESTE DE IBERIA (The Performativity of Anxiety: Material Encounters between Rome and Local Communities in Northwestern Iberia

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    Javier Rodríguez-Corral

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza desde una aproximación performativa la formación de topografías emocionales en relación a los castros de la Segunda Edad del Hierro (siglos II-I a. C. en el noroeste de Iberia. En particular, explora cómo los individuos, al incardinarse con diversos tipos de formas y prácticas materiales e iconográficas, fueron afectados emocionalmente de un modo que ayudó a estructurar la realidad social de las comunidades locales. Al examinar la manera en que los individuos se relacionaron con este mundo material, podemos trazar la creación de una nueva estrategia sociomaterial de resistencia, que fue crucial para gestionar sentimientos tales como la ansiedad, consecuencia de la presencia de Roma en la región. ENGLISH: This paper analyzes the shaping of emotional topographies in connection with late Iron Age hillforts (2nd-1st centuries BC in Northwestern Iberia using a performative approach. In particular, it explores how, by engaging with various material and iconographic forms and practices, people were affected emotionally in ways that helped to structure the social reality of the local communities. By examining the manner in which people engaged with this material world, we can trace the creation of new sociomaterial strategies of resistance, which were crucial in managing anxieties caused by Roman presence in the region.

  2. Un privilegio diplomático conflictivo en la Roma del siglo XVIII : la jurisdicción de la Corona española en el distrito del Forum Hispanicum

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    Jorge García Sánchez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el siglo XVII, el establecimiento de una legación fija para los representantes españoles ante la Santa Sede originó numerosos conflictos con el pontificado a causa del derecho de jurisdicción real sobre el distrito de la Plaza de España, en el que aquélla se ubicaba. En el siglo XVIII este privilegio provocará una serie de rupturas diplomáticas entre la Corona y los Estados Pontificios, ya que las prerrogativas de los ministros plenipotenciarios afectaban a la soberanía del Gobierno papal. Los constantes enfrentamientos entre los guardias de la embajada y los agentes de la justicia romana dentro de la jurisdicción constituyeron una grave amenaza para la conservación del dominio español en ese sector de Roma.Since the 17th Century, the setting-up of a permanent Embassy in Rome gave rise to many conflicts between the Spanish Monarchy and the Holy See, due to the royal jurisdiction over the Plaza de España district, the seat for the Spanish Embassy. In the 18th Century, this privilege caused a number of diplomatic splits between the Spanish Crown and the Pope, as the plenipotenciaries rights damaged pontifical sovereignty. The continual quarrely between Embassy’s guards and Roman agents inside the district were a serious threat againts the preservation of Spanish royal jurisdiction.

  3. Imágenes y prácticas religiosas de la sumisión femenina en la antigua Roma. culto de «Juno Lucina» y la fiesta de «Matronalia»

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    Rosa María CID LÓPEZ

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available En la Roma antigua, al igual que en otras sociedades, la religión fue un instrumento eficaz de difusión de formas de comportamiento social, que en el caso de las mujeres tendía a reforzar su posición sumisa. En este artículo, se analiza el culto de Juno Lucina y la fiesta femenina de Matronalia como claros exponentes del estereotipo de la mujer-madre, a quien se recluye en el ámbito doméstico. Tales concepciones contrastan con el culto de Marte, dios homenajeado por los ciudadanos romanos para exaltar la actividad guerrera y el protagonismo en el espacio público. La oposición entre las prácticas religiosas femeninas vinculadas a Juno y las masculinas a Marte evidencian las desiguales relaciones entre ciudadanas y ciudadanos en el modelo de organización social, que además parece construirse a partir del papel de las mujeres como madres y de los varones como soldados.

  4. EL LUGAR DE ROMA-BIZANCIO EN LA APOCALÍTICA JUDÍA DURANTE LA ANTIGÜEDAD TARDÍA THE PLACE OF ROME-BYZANTIUM IN LATE ANTIQUE JEWISH APOCALYPTIC TRADITION

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    Pablo Ubierna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata del lugar de Roma-Bizancio en los textos apocalípticos judíos de la Antigüedad Tardía tales como el Sefer Zorobabel, el Sefer Eliyahu o las Nistarot del Rabbi Simeón ben Yohai, así como también la exégesis caraíta del libro de Daniel. Estos textos reflejan la interpretación escatológica judía de los acontecimientos contemporáneos desde el siglo III en adelante, tales como la crisis del Imperio romano, la ocupación persa de Palestina y la invasión musulmana.This article deals with the place of Rome-Byzantium in Late AAntique Jewish Apocalyptic texts such as the Sefer Zerubabbel, the Sefer Eliyahu and the Nistarot of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai and, also, the karaite exegesis of the Book of Daniel. These texts reflect eschatological jewish interpretation of contemporary events from the 3rd century onwards, like the crisis of the Roman Empire, the Persian occupation of the Land of Israel and the Muslim invasion.

  5. Roma Hukukunda Alım-Satım Sözleşmesinde Maldaki Maddi Ayıplar Nedeniyle Satıcının Sorumluluğu

    OpenAIRE

    EMİROĞLU, Haluk

    2016-01-01

    Roma hukukunda alım-satım sözleşmesine konu olan malın ayıplı olması durumunda satıcının sorumlu tutulması ilk kez ius civile tarafından düzenlenmiştir. Söz konusu düzenlemeye göre, satıcının ayıplardan sorumlu tutulabilmesi için, alım-satım konusu malın mülkiyetinin devren kazanılması için kullanılan mancipatio ya da in iure cessio sırasında özel bir teminat verilmesi gerekirdi. Söz konusu teminatın mülkiyetin devir işlemleri sırasında verilmemesi ya da hiç verilmemesi durumunda satıcının so...

  6. Dalle carte dell’Archivio di Stato di Roma: notizie sulla vita e l’attività professionale di Luigi Mollari / Documents from the State Archive of Rome: news about Luigi Mollari’s life and professional activity

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    Sabina Carbonara

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Grazie al recente ritrovamento di un fascicolo nel fondo della Congregazione degli Studi conservato presso l’Archivio di Stato di Roma è stato possibile ricostruire, almeno in parte, la produzione professionale dell’ingegnere e architetto Luigi Mollari, figlio di Antonio, ad oggi ancora scarsamente indagata. I pochi studi relativi alla attività di Luigi hanno riguardato, infatti, soprattutto la sua presenza a Terracina e, nello specifico, il suo intervento, negli anni Quaranta del XIX secolo, nella chiesa del S. Salvatore, progettata da Antonio Sarti. In realtà, come si evince dal curriculum vitae rinvenuto fra i documenti d’archivio, il giovane Mollari iniziò a collaborare col padre già nel 1824. Trasferitosi a Foligno nel 1832, si occupò, sempre insieme al genitore e su incarico di monsignor Ignazio Giovanni Cadolini, degli edifici danneggiati dal terremoto. Nello stesso anno Luigi è documentato anche ad Assisi dove coadiuva il padre nella direzione dei primi interventi di consolidamento statico e di riparazione della basilica di S. Maria degli Angeli. Fra il 1832 e il 1834 i due Mollari interverranno, con opere di ricostruzione e di restauro, in numerosi edifici del territorio fulignate. Dopo la morte di Antonio, avvenuta nel 1843, Luigi continuerà a svolgere l’attività di architetto e ingegnere a Terracina e nel territorio limitrofo (in particolare a Piperno, oggi Priverno. Thanks to the recent discovery of a folder at the Congregation of Studies, preserved in the State Archives of Rome, it has been possible to reconstruct, at least partially , the professional production of Luigi Mollari, engineer and architect , son of Antonio, till now poorly investigated. The few studies concerning the activities of Luigi were, in fact , especially its presence in Terracina and, specifically , its involvement, in the forties(of the 19th century, in the church of St. Salvatore, designed by Antonio Sarti. In fact, as evidenced by his

  7. La Roma della diaspora somala: i grovigli spaziali ed identitari della narrativa di Cristina Ali Farah - The Somali Diaspora within Rome: Entanglements of Space and Identity in Cristina Ali Farah's novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Moll

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Scenario urbano principale dei due romanzi Madre piccola (2007 e Il comandante del fiume (2014, la città di Roma viene ricostruita narrativamente dalla scrittrice italo-somala Cristina Ali Farah secondo prospettive e tensioni nuove e significative. Le geografie degli spazi esterni ed interni della città rispondono in entrambi i testi a delle dinamiche identitarie le quali sono attraversate da temi comuni agli scrittori contemporanei della diaspora africana: la dialettica tra presenza ed assenza (di persone, di luoghi, la precarietà e l’instabilità della dimora d’arrivo, il conflitto tra la memoria traumatica e la necessità di radicarsi nell’hic et nunc spaziale ed esistenziale, la rilettura degli spazi urbani in chiave postcoloniale. A partire da tale matrice tematica, la narrativa di Ali Farah si carica di simbologie e di metafore nuove, che rimandano alla sua poetica e al suo immaginario ben personali. Subentra, nella lettura critica dei testi in questione, anche la considerazione dell’aspetto generazionale, che contrassegna i personaggi, e del diverso vivere la città d’approdo nel caso di biografie finzionali segnate dalla fuga e dalla diaspora, o viceversa dai legami con essa degli esponenti delle “seconde generazioni”.   The city of Rome is the main urban scenario of Cristina Ali Farah's two novels Madre piccola (2007 and Il comandante del fiume (2014, being constructed narratively from new perspectives and using significant narrative strategies. In both fictional texts, the Italian author of Somali and Italian origin depicts external and internal geographies of the Italian Capital, which are connected with identitary dynamics expressed by themes frequently used by contemporary diasporic writers: the dialectics between the presence and the absence (of people and places, the precariousness and instability of the new abode, the conflict between a traumatic memory and the necessity of establishing roots in the spacial

  8. La construcción de la ‘Cuestión Gitana Rumana’ en el Área Metropolitana de Barcelona: espacios públicos urbanos, conflictos vecinales y política local The genesis of a 'Romanian Roma Issue' in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona: urban public spaces, neighbourhood conflicts and local politics

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    Óscar López Catalán

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene la intención de presentar un panorama general de la situación de la población Rrom (gitana rumana en el Área Metropolitana de Barcelona y describir brevemente y analizar las maneras en las que su presencia está siendo gestionada. La metodología utilizada va desde el análisis mediático al trabajo de campo etnográfico. Primero, ofreceré algunas referencias y un contexto general de la presencia y el proceso migratorio de la población rrom inmigrada en España y Barcelona. A continuación, me centraré en la construcción local de la ‘cuestión gitana’, usando brevemente tres ejemplos diferentes e interrelacionados: regulación del espacio público y estrategias económicas marginales; políticas de asentamiento y la idea del nomadismo-movilidad; y finalmente la construcción política y culturalización de conflictos vecinales. Por último, se ofrecen algunas conclusiones y reflexiones sobre la posible evolución de dichos proceso a un nivel local y estatal.This paper intends to present a general overview of the situation of the Romanian Roma Population in Barcelona Metropolitan Area and briefly describe and analyze the ways in which their presence is being managed. First, I will offer some references as well as a general background of the presence and migratory process of the Romanian Roma population in Spain and Barcelona. Next, I will focus on the local construction of the “Roma Issue”, using three different and interrelated examples: public space regulation and marginal economic strategies; settlement policies and the idea of nomadism-mobility; and finally political construction and culturalization of concrete neighbourhood conflicts. Finally, I intend to offer some conclusions as well as some reflections about the possible evolution of these processes both at a local and state level.

  9. Influence of Lifestyles Related to Eating Habits in Ready Meal Consumption: comparative study between São Paulo and RomeInfluência de Estilos de Vida Associados a Hábitos Alimentares no Consumo de Pratos Prontos: estudo comparativo entre São Paulo e RomaInfluencia de Estilos de Vida Asociados a Hábitos Alimenticios en el Consumo de Comidas Preparadas: estudio comparativo entre São Paulo y Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIEKIERSKI, Paulette

    2013-09-01

    ços que facilitem e apoiem a vida agitada. Para a pesquisa survey foram coletados dados de 155 consumidores italianos de Roma e 200 brasileiros de São Paulo escolhidos de maneira não probabilística por conveniência. Dentre os principais resultados destaca-se que os romanos valorizam mais as dimensões tradição e saúde, ao passo que os paulistanos preferem conveniência e sabor. As variáveis gênero, idade, número de pessoas no domicílio e tipo de família possuem associação com os estilos de vida, bem como com o consumo efetivo de pratos prontos. Acredita-se que os resultados apresentados possam ser relevantes tanto para o desenvolvimento de novos produtos como para o posicionamento de produtos e marcas atuantes nesses mercados ou, ainda, para identificar novos segmentos de mercado ou compreender diferentes gerações de consumidores.RESUMENEl objetivo principal del trabajo es identificar el estilo de vida de los consumidores brasileños e italianos en referencia al consumo de comidas preparadas. Los objetivos específicos son: (1 validar la escala de Bae, Chae e Ryu (2010, y (2 comparar y relacionar los estilos de vida a las características sociodemográficas. Se sabe que los cambios en el estilo de vida de los individuos del mundo occidental incrementan la demanda de la conveniencia de preparar comidas. Los consumidores trabajan más horas por día, gastan más tiempo en el tráfico y desean maximizar el tiempo de ocio, cada vez más limitado. Así, esos consumidores exigen productos y servicios que faciliten y apoyen su agitada vida. Se realizó una encuesta y se recopilaron datos de 155 italianos en Roma y 200 brasileños en São Paulo, utilizando el muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Los resultados apuntan que los romanos valoran las dimensiones tradición y salud, y los paulistanos prefieren la conveniencia y el sabor. Las variables género, edad, cantidad de personas en el hogar y tipos de familia, están asociadas con las actitudes y el

  10. Iglesia de San Lucas, en Roma

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    Passarelli, Vincenzo

    1964-05-01

    Full Text Available It is difficult to know what is the true source of the harmony which this church exhibits, for it has many powerful and inspiring features, such as the strong contrasts in light and shade of the roof, the broken surface of the end wall, the candour of the presbytery marble, the many tones of the light passing through the glazing, the sober ornaments of the pulpit, the altar, and the balustrade, beautifully designed in a modern style. All these harmonise well together, in gentle, restrained, spontaneous tones. This is a church from which one tends to walk out on tip toe, not to break its subdued, misterious charm. The external aspect is appreciated better after having been inside this church. The soberness and coherence of its external elevations clearly enhance the nature of this building as a «sacred island» in the midst of a district where the everyday language is far more worldly. In religious architecture success has nothing to do with approval by the critics or even by the mass of the people. What matters is that the faithful shall feel satisfied: that they can pray with devotion inside a building. By this standard. Saint Lucas Church is highly successful, for here the deep thought of the designer undoubtedly serves to inspire a greater religious devotion.Es difícil definir de dónde brota la armonía que se respira en esta iglesia: de los fuertes claroscuros de la cubierta y de la «movida» pared del fondo, del candor del mármol del presbiterio, de las luces de tonalidades diversas procedentes de las vidrieras, de los ornatos sobrios de la balaustrada y del pulpito, del a l tar con el Sagrario de bello diseño moderno...; todas son notas ligadas en acordes de sonoridad, suaves y naturales. De esta iglesia se sale de puntillas, para no romper ese encanto misterioso que posee, incluso cuando está en soledad y silencio. Después de visitar el interior, se comprenden mejor los alzados exteriores, la sobriedad de sus líneas, la coherencia de la estructura, la severidad de las fachadas, y, sobre todo, su valor de «isla sagrada» en un barrio donde las casas se hablan en un lenguaje inarticulado y uniforme. En materia de edificios religiosos no se debe entender por éxito la aprobación de la crítica o incluso de la masa, sino la de los fieles de todas las categorías, basada en la posibilidad de «rezar bien en su interior», y esto lo ha conseguido plenamente la iglesia de San Lucas, en la cual, y merced a una meditación profunda, la técnica ha prestado los medios de sostén y expresión.

  11. Biblioteca Hertziana en Roma/Italia

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    Navarro Baldeweg, J.

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The project to remodel the area once occupied by Zuccari Palace gardens needs first to consider the physical roots of this unique space. It would be hard not to act according to the genius loci, which always would get to evidence itself by transparency, in any respectful intervention.

    Un proyecto de remodelación de lo que fue jardín del palacio Zuccari exige, en primer lugar, considerar las raíces físicas de este singular espacio. Sería difícil no actuar en conformidad al "genius loci" que siempre trataría de manifestarse, transparentándose, en cualquier intervención respetuosa.

  12. Prostate Cancer Gene Discovery Using ROMA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Isaacs, William B

    2007-01-01

    We hypothesized that a subset of men who develop prostate cancer (PCa) do so as a result of an inherited chromosomal deletion or amplification affecting the function of one or more critical prostate cancer susceptibility genes...

  13. Os labirintos da cidade: Marcial em Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Torrão, João Manuel Nunes; Andrade, António Manuel Lopes

    2008-01-01

    Martial had unparalleled knowledge of the city of Rome and he provides guidance to todays’s readers in the street maze of the city. That city had specific feaures which made the circulation of people and vehicles difficult, in spite of the efforts made by some politicians to improve the urban network. Keywords: Martial; Rome; city; urbanism; emperors; dwellings.

  14. La educación en Roma

    OpenAIRE

    León Lázaro, Guillermo

    2013-01-01

    Las escuelas romanas, en sus aspectos generales, no son muy diferentes de las similares instituciones helenísticas, de las que son continuidad y adaptación, a un punto tal que la enseñanza es bilingüe: se estudian el latín y el griego, al menos hasta el Bajo Imperio, época en que el griego queda postergado,hasta perderse. No obstante, y en parte por la practicidad característica del romano, y también por la progresiva decadencia del espíritu, de los valores y de la cultura en general, se acen...

  15. Roma community: the persistence of historical discrimination

    OpenAIRE

    Arza, Javier; Carrón, José

    2015-01-01

    A partir de un exhaustivo análisis de los estudios disponibles sobre la discriminación sufrida por la comunidad gitana, se realiza una revisión en cuanto a su incidencia y evolución, para establecer una comparación respecto a la sufrida por otros grupos sociales, definir los ámbitos en los que más se produce y analizar el perfil de la población potencialmente discriminadora. A partir de las conclusiones de las diferentes áreas analizadas, se avanzan algunas propuestas sobre las líneas priorit...

  16. La mujer y el poder en Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Acedo Panal, María Jesús

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza la situación de la mujer romana en una esfera en la que teóricamente no tenían cabida, la del poder. Veremos cómo algunas mujeres, valiéndose de su papel de madre, esposa o hija de personajes importantes llegaron a tomar parte de forma indirecta en el poder. Para entender las razones de que esto fuera algo inusual hablaremos en primer lugar de la situación de subordinación femenina frente al varón. Más adelante analizaremos cómo las mujeres romanas eran utilizadas como un...

  17. Environmental quality evaluation. Indexing tools to evaluate environmental quality from biological data, floristic and vegetational data in Ponte Galeria (Rome, Italy); Rappresentazione sintetica della qualita' ambientale attraverso l'integrazione di indici floristici e vegetazionali: il caso di Macchia Grande di Ponte Galeria (Roma)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazzocchi, F.; Castorina, M.; De Mei, M. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    In the present work the study of indexing tools to evaluate environmental quality from biological data has been performed using a certain number of floristic and vegetational indices near Macchia Grande of Ponte Galeria (Rome, Italy). The indices have been applied on the basis of the data coming from a phyto sociological study of the area. Multivariate statistics methodologies have been utilized to obtain a synthetic evaluation of the indices. [Italian] Nel presente lavoro e' stato effettuato uno studio di alcuni strumenti di indicizzazione definiti sulla base di dati bioligici per la stima della qualita' ambientale, utilizzando una serie di indici floristici e vegetazionali dell'area di Macchia Grande di Ponte Galeria (Roma). Sono state analizzate le proprieta' espresse dagli indici come singole entita' ed in particolare le principali tendenze di variazione rispetto alla variazione di qualita' delle unita' ambientali e della loro integrabilita' reciproca. Sono state inoltre utilizzate le metodologie dell'analisi multivariata.

  18. Optimal strategies for the abatement of gaseous air pollutant emissions produced by human mobility. The Rome case study; Strategie ottimali per la riduzione delle emissioni di inquinanti gassosi prodotte dalla mobilita' urbana. Un'applicazione al caso di Roma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santostefano, S.; Cirillo, M.C. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1999-07-01

    In this paper a cost-effectiveness of gaseous vehicular emission reduction has been carried out for human mobility, over the transport network in Rome: in other words, once a reduction target of total emissions has been fixed for each pollutant, the most efficient abatement measures from a technical-economic point of view are selected. The optimization problem has been formalized considering linear functions both for the objective function and for constrains, i.e. within the classic linear programming framework, the objective being that of finding the diversion of present vehicular traffic to alternative technologies with lower emissions at minimum costs. A set of transport alternative measures has been considered and emission abatement cost minimization has been assumed as an objective function; specified abatements for CO (Carbon monoxide), NO{sub x} (nitrogen oxides) and VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) emissions have been introduced as constraints to the problem, expressed as reduction rates of estimated present emissions in the considered area. Model results show the distribution of present transportation capacity among possible alternatives for different hypothesis of emission reduction rates (reduction of 25%, 50%, 75%, 85% of present emissions and maximum feasible reduction within the specified constraints), and related costs. [Italian] In questo rapporto e' stata condotta un'analisi costi-efficacia relativa alla riduzione delle emissioni gassose veicolari dovute alla mobilita' urbana sulla rete di trasporto di Roma: in altre parole, fissata una quota di abbattimento delle emissioni complessive per ogni inquinante, sono state individuate le misure piu' efficienti dal punto di vista tecnico-economico che permettono di perseguire la riduzione prefissata. Il problema di ottimizzazione e' stato formalizzato definendo sia la funzione obiettivo che i relativi vincoli come funzioni lineari, e quindi nell'ambito della programmazione

  19. Abundância de liquidez e crise financeira em Roma: questões jurídicas e econômicas em torno das taxas de juros na época de Augusto e de Tibério Abundance of currency and financial crisis in Rome: legal and economic issues around interest rates at the time of Augustus and Tiberius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deivid Valério Gaia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Após ter vencido Antônio e Cleópatra na Batalha do Ácio em 31 a.C., Otaviano levou o tesouro dos reis do Egito a Roma, criando uma abundância de riquezas que contribui, consideravelmente, para estabilizar as finanças romanas, públicas e privadas, e que provocou a alta do preço da terra e a baixa das taxas de juros. Durante o Principado de Augusto, a economia romana conheceu um período de equilíbrio financeiro. No entanto, este equilíbrio foi rompido no início da década de 30 d.C. quando, de acordo com os relatos de Tácito, Suetônio e Dion Cássio, eclodiu a primeira crise financeira do Império Romano, crise de inopia nummorum (insuficiência de moedas em circulação, no Principado de Tibério. Partindo do estudo dos autores citados e de uma perspectiva comparativa com outras crises financeiras no Império romano, o meu objetivo neste artigo é de apresentar: na primeira parte, algumas considerações sobre as taxas de juros do fim da República ao Principado; na segunda parte, um quadro geral das questões dos empréstimos de dinheiro e das taxas de juros na época de Augusto; para, na terceira parte, propor uma nova leitura da crise de 33 d.C.After defeating Antony and Cleopatra at Actium in 31 BC, Octovian brought the treasury of Egypt to Rome thus providing an abundance of wealth wich contributed to stabilize both public and private finances. The value of land increased and interest rates fell. During the Augustan Principate, Roman economy went through a period of financial equilibrium. However, this balance was broken in the early 30's AD under Tiberius' Principate when, according to Tacitus, Suetonius and Dion Cassius, the first inopia nummorum (lack of liquidity crisis of the Roman Empire came about. Based on the accounts cited above and a comparative perspective with other financial crises in the Roman Empire, this paper examines issues concerning interest rates from the end of the Republic to the Principate, it presents

  20. Precisiones sobre la luz en el Pantheon de Roma

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    Oscar Linares de la Torre

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El Pantheon de Adriano es una de las obras más celebradas de la historia de la arquitectura. Han sido muchas las cuestiones que han cautivado a cuantos han entrado en él, pero es la luz la que ha acaparado el mayor protagonismo: una vez despojado el edificio de su originaria carga simbólica, la manifestación de su luz interior parece ser el único fin de este inmenso espacio-luz que tanto ha fascinado a arquitectos, historiadores del arte, pintores y fotógrafos. Parece difícil poder aportar nada nuevo. Consciente de ello, el autor del presente artículo sólo pretende apuntar algunas cuestiones sobre distintos aspectos de la luz en el Pantheon que considera que no han sido aún suficientemente desarrolladas: el por qué de la orientación solar y urbana del templo con respecto al eje norte-sur; la reconstrucción de la secuencia de luz y sombra que debió de darse en el recorrido original de acceso al interior del templo; la interpretación del haz de luz ocular como reminiscencia inmaterial del soporte central de las falsas cúpulas etruscas, convertida en una columna de materia sutil que, sin alcanzar nunca la vertical, incide de manera variada sobre los paramentos que conforman el interior.

  1. Un controvertido retrato de Carlos II en Roma

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    Pascual Chenel, Alvaro

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns a pratically unknown portrait of Charles II of Spain. Aside from its pictorial and esthetic quality, this work is of particular interest because of the suggestive historical, iconographical and interpretative questions to which it gives rise.

    El presente artículo estudia un retrato de Carlos II prácticamente desconocido. Su interés se centra, aparte de su calidad pictórica y estética, sobre todo en los sugerentes interrogantes históricos, iconográficos e interpretativos que plantea.

  2. Grupo parroquial de Ntra. Sra. De Lourdes, en Roma (Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cancellotti, G.

    1966-09-01

    Full Text Available This church group involves the church itself, the parish hall and the priest's house. The external aspect of the buildings, with their highly decorative brickwork, is noteworthy. The interior of the church is impressive in that the congregation, on lifting their eyes to heaven, see around them a very simple, clean structure, without artifice: an environment highly favourable to prayer. The resistant structure is of reinforced concrete, and the pavement has been designed by the painter Adriano Alessandrini.El conjunto Parroquial construido comprende: la iglesia, el salón parroquial, y la casa del párroco. Destacan, en la composición arquitectónica de las fachadas exteriores, el decorativo aparejo que presenta la fábrica de ladrillo. Y en el interior, el logrado propósito de que los fieles, al alzar los ojos al Cielo, puedan contemplar una estructura limpia, serena y sin artificios, que contribuye a crear un ambiente adecuado para la oración. La estructura cortante es de hormigón armado y el diseño del pavimento es obra del pintor Adriano Alessandrini.

  3. Los oficios de la diversión en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Cabrero Piquero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo repasamos todos aquellos oficios que contribuyeron al disfrute del ocio entre los antiguos romanos. Los grandes espectáculos públicos: ludi circenses que agrupaban diferentes tipos de competiciones, siendo la más apreciada las carreras de carros; los munera, primero en el circo y luego en los anfiteatros, combates, cacerías y, ocasionalmente, batallas navales. Los ludi scaenici, representaciones teatrales de menor coste organizativo que los anteriores. A todo ello se añadieron las competiciones atléticas, la asistencia a las termas, la caza, etc.In this paper, we are going to review all the professions that helped towards the enjoyment of the Ancient Romans. The great public shows: ludi circenses, that got together different types of competitions like the Chariot racing, the most appreciated one; the munera, at first in the circus and later in the amphiteatres, fights, hunters and sometimes mock sea battles. The ludi scaenici, theatral plays, whose cost price was lower than the rest of the shows. In addition to all of this, we should add the athletic competitions, the termal baths, and the hunter and so on.

  4. Clínica privada en Roma – Italia

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    Lafuente, Julio

    1979-04-01

    Full Text Available The Pio XI clinic—featuring contrasting volumes and fine light-and-shadow effects — contains in five stories radiology, surgery and maternity facilities, as well as nurses' living quarters and other services required for its 150 patient bed capacity. The unique architectural layout of the building is a direct result of both a spatial solution aiming at minimising walking distances from the various services to the patient rooms, and of an attempt to provide the different hospital facilities with the best possible insulation from external noise, as well as with natural lighting.

    La clínica Pío XI —caracterizada por los variados volúmenes que causan los marcados contrastes de luces y sombras— encierra, en sus cinco alturas, las instalaciones de radiología, cirugía y maternidad, así como las habitaciones de las enfermeras y los servicios correspondientes a sus 150 camas de capacidad. La original configuración arquitectónica del edificio es consecuencia directa tanto de una adecuada organización que busca minimizar los recorridos desde los distintos servicios a las habitaciones de los pacientes como de conferir a éstas y a las distintas instalaciones hospitalarias las mejores condiciones de aislamiento al ruido exterior y de iluminación natural.

  5. Edificio de oficinas. Viale di Trastevere – Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lafuente, Julio G.

    1958-09-01

    Full Text Available El solar, largo y estrecho, en esquina a Viale di Trastevere y Via Carlo Porta, y con fachada posterior a amplio patio de manzana, ha permitido resolver el bloque de viviendas en tres unidades alineadas, cada una de cuyas escaleras da acceso a dos viviendas por planta. No obstante, al exterior, el conjunto ha sido concebido con gran unidad de composición, jugando un papel importante el ritmo vigoroso de terrazas y paños ciegos de fábrica de ladrillo de sus miradores.

  6. Marina Caffiero (Hg.: Rubare le anime. Roma: Viella 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Unfer Lukoschik

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In den Akten des päpstlichen Staatsarchivs und der römischen jüdischen Gemeinde finden sich zeitgenössische Zeugnisse für die im päpstlichen Rom vom 16. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert nicht seltene Zwangskonvertierung jüdischer Mädchen und Frauen zum Katholizismus. Eines der wertvollsten Dokumente dieser Konversionspraxis liegt nunmehr in einer kommentierten Neuedition vor: das Tagebuch der 1749 sich erfolgreich der versuchten Zwangskonvertierung widersetzenden 18-jährigen Anna del Monte. In ihrer Einleitung ordnet die Herausgeberin Marina Caffiero dieses außergewöhliche Einzelschicksal in die zeitgleich und parallel laufenden Assimilations- und Emanzipationsprozesse ein, die sich in der mit aufklärerischem Gedankengut ‚infizierten‘ jüdischen Oberschicht Roms im 18. Jahrhundert abzeichneten.Contemporary reports on the forced conversion of Jewish girls and woman to Catholicism, not a rare occurrence in papal Rome from the 16th to the 19th centuries, can be found in the files of the official papal archive and the Roman Jewish community. One of the most valuable documents of this conversion practice has now been published in a new annotation edition: The diary of 18-year-old Anna del Monte, who was able to successfully resist the attempted forced conversion in 1749. In her introduction the editor Marina Caffiero places this extraordinary individual fate within the concurrent and parallel processes of assimilation and emancipation. These emerge in 18th century Rome’s Jewish upper class, which was “infected” with Enlightenment ideas.

  7. Studies on Meloidogyne javanica infestation on roma tomato ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-05-31

    May 31, 2010 ... Tomato growing on a garden basis has been practiced in Nigeria for a long period of time mainly for domestic consumption such as soup, stew and vegetables salads. (Poysa, 2000). This crop is now being grown in form of paste, purree, ketchups and as fruit drinks. The fruit is known to contain high level of ...

  8. Romani Music - Roma and the Hip-hop Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Dočkal, Tomáš

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is focused on Romani music and its importance for the Romani culture. It examines the popularity of hip-hop among the young Romani generation and Romani hip- hip production. It attempts to define the role of hip-hop culture in young Romanies' lives.

  9. Il nuovo Piano di Roma: colloquio con Federico Oliva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Cazzola

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the studies of McHarg, there is a growing interest to a development more respectful and less destructive of natural values. In the time it’s been settled a common feeling trough the environmental issues related to deterioration, consumption and pollution of the resources. This new environmental feelings it’s been also tackled in the field of land and urban planning, that had to revise instruments and techniques, and to redefine its knowing bases using the knoledges and the instruments of ecological disciplines (related both to extra-urban lands and to urban fabrics.Talking with prof. Oliva we analyze the environmental and landscape contents of the new city plan of Rome, adoptee by the city council in the 2003. 

  10. METRO C di Roma: distribuzione dei dati di monitoraggio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Maria Rotundi

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La Linea C, la terza metropolitana romana prevista dal nuovo Piano Regolatore Generale, collegherà direttamente aree e quartieri oggi distanti, attraversando la città come una spina dorsale e raddoppiando quasi, con la sua estensione, l’attuale sviluppo della rete metropolitana

  11. Il Generale e il professore. Roma-Lubiana 1942

    OpenAIRE

    Sala, Teodoro

    2004-01-01

    Durante l'estate del 1942 l'XI Corpo d'armata scatenò la sua offensiva mettendo a ferro e fuoco la Slovenia annessa. Fungeva da vademecum la circolare di Roatta: esecuzioni sommarie anche collettive, incendio di centri abitati, deportazione di nuclei sempre più consistenti di civili, distruzione di opere pubbliche, requisizioni di bestiame e derrate, furono all'ordine del giorno. Impegnati nelle operazioni sessantamila soldati di quattro divisioni più complementi. Il comandante del Corpo d'ar...

  12. Escribir literatura polemológica en Roma

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    David Paniagua Aguilar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Una formulación ya clásica de Giuffrè afirma que “el ejército como fundamento principal del Imperio romano es un dato fuera de discusión”. Esta centralidad del ejército y de la dimensión militar también fue percibida como tal por los propios Romanos y prueba de ello fue la reflexión por escrito acerca de la res militaris, unas veces —las más— de tenor más práctico, otras más teórico. El continuo cultivo de esta materia constituyó un auténtico género literario con su propia tradición dentro de la literatura técnica. En lo sustancialesta tradición es poco conocida en sus detalles y apenas se ha ofrecido un cuadro panorámico y diacrónico de ella. Este el objeto de estas páginas, ofrecer un recorrido por los diferentes puntos que conforman la tradición polemográfica latina con una descripciónde sus características más notables.

  13. Significantly higher occurrence of Cryptosporidium infection in Roma children compared with non-Roma children in Slovakia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hasajová, A.; Valenčáková, A.; Malečková, B.; Danišová, D.; Halán, M.; Goldová, M.; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Kváč, Martin; Halanová, M.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 33, č. 8 (2014), s. 1401-1406 ISSN 0934-9723 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : molecular characterization * immunocompetent man * transmission * Murisinfection Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.668, year: 2014

  14. Scripts or Components? A Comparative Study of Basic Emotion Knowledge in Roma and Non-Roma Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura; Lucas-Molina, Beatriz

    2018-01-01

    The basic aspects of emotional comprehension seem to be acquired around the age of 5. However, it is not clear whether children's emotion knowledge is based on facial expression, organized in scripts, or determined by sociocultural context. This study aims to shed some light on these subjects by assessing knowledge of basic emotions in 4- and…

  15. Kaitstud magistritööd, 1. juuni 2012

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Oma töid kaitsesid Claudio Julio Rodriguez Higuera, Davi William Ferreira Gomes, Karlina Vaivade, Mohamed Gamal Abdelmeged Elmaayergy, Sigita Tamošauskaite, Eduardo Chávez Herrera, Tyler James Bennett, Felipe Cuervo Restrepo, Julia Popova, Anastasiia Sidielnik, Thomas Mark Boyle, Mirjam Männik, Sandra Preiman, Tamara Stojanovic

  16. Plutarco entre mundos: visões de Esparta, Atenas e Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Cardó, Pilar; Leão, Delfim; Silva, Maria Aparecida de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    The vast and varied work of Plutarch naturally allows an approach from different perspectives, with a variety of intentions and plural purposes. However, it is also important to identify common lines of approach, because they demonstrate, both formally and in terms of content, that there are many customary elements underlying his work. The thirteen contributions to this volume are linked by the names of three cities: Sparta, Athens and Rome. They represent diverse political and institution...

  17. Dalla politica alla gestione del bene comune. L’esempio del teatro Valle a Roma

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    Alice Furlan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of common good could be declined in three major points: 1 the theft of the good itself from the profit mindset; 2 the creation of a link between the community and the good; 3 the creation of a new management form, neither public nor private, which knows the capacity of the good itself. From the analysis of the schedule published by MiBAC, it is clear that there is a lack of founds addressed to the artistic research. The situation that occurs nowadays is imposing the necessity of identifying another kind of development model. I took, as a research topic, Teatro Valle, which is one of the most important case in the Italian national context. The management of the entire structure undergoes through the principles of non-rivalry, non-exclusion and self-governance. The strongest points of this model are: the idea of an alternative management and the creation of synergies between several cultural movements.The theatre itself has been seeing as a multi-functional location: there are lots of performances flanked by debates, conferences, talks, and other initiatives. Another important aspect is the great visibility that the experience has been receiving through the years. However it is necessary to underline that the building, which is a private property, lives in a condition of lawlessness because it has been occupied. Moreover Teatro Valle has been accused of unfair competition by other cultural spaces. Since the culture is the common thread that helps us to uphold our identity, the common goods help us to recognize ourselves and state our fundamental rights.

  18. Occupare spazi, liberare luoghi della mente e della cittadinanza: esperienze di riappropriazione a Roma

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    Irene Ranaldi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Negli ultimi anni l’utilizzo degli spazi pubblici e abitativi è diventato una delle sfide più significative per le amministrazioni locali che si trovano a dover mediare tra gli interessi di soggetti pubblici e privati, associazioni e residenti per migliorare la qualità dei luoghi di vita urbani. Amministratori locali, urbanisti e organizzatori di comunità sono alcuni degli attori di queste nuove forme di cambiamento urbano che emergono dal basso, grazie ad un confronto costante con le esigenze del territorio che spinge ad una rimodulazione di spazi e strutture pubbliche ridando così nuova vita ad interi pezzi di città, spesso abbandonati o dismessi o in annosa attesa di recupero. Esperienze di questo tipo di ri-appropriazione, sia esso con la pratica dell’occupazione o dell’esito di un processo di progettazione partecipata tra cittadini e istituzioni, si susseguono sempre più spesso in Europa e negli Stati Uniti. Come può definirsi uno spazio pubblico? Può essere definito come ogni luogo di proprietà pubblica o di uso pubblico accessibile e fruibile a tutti gratuitamente e senza scopi di lucro. Gli spazi pubblici rappresentano i luoghi della vita collettiva delle comunità e un elemento decisivo per il benessere individuale e sociale in quanto dotati di specifiche caratteristiche spaziali, storiche, ambientali, sociali ed economiche. Lo spazio è una condizione perché le modalità spaziali di esperienza in qualche modo indirizzano il configurarsi delle forme sociali, ma assume un significato sociologico in quanto simbolo della relazione sociale. Riappropriarsi in qualche modo di questo simbolo, declinandone gli esiti in forme differenti di partecipazione, può significare liberare luoghi della mente e dell’espressività.

  19. Anti-Roma Hate Speech in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belavusau, U.; Goodwin, M.; De Hert, P.

    2013-01-01

    The chapter examines the protection against anti-Romani hate speech provided by the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, in particular the legal avenues of redress available to victims. This research combines an analysis of the legal framework with its functioning in practice, and situates both in a

  20. El sarcófago perdido de la colección Giustiniani de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camarero Calandria, Emma

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the recent identification of a Roman sarcophagus which once belonged to the Giustiniani Collection and which is now located in the Spanish Embassy, close to the Holy See, the location of which had been unknown since the 17th century.El presente artículo da a conocer la reciente identificación en la Embajada de España cerca de la Santa Sede de un sarcófago romano de la colección Giustiniani cuyo paradero se desconocía desde mediados del siglo XVII.

  1. História e civismo na Roma liviana History and good citizenship in Livian Rome

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    Marinalva Vilar de Lima

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo focaliza a maneira como Tito Lívio (sécs. I a.C. - I d.C. articula política, civismo e cotidiano em sua Ab urbe condita libri, através da análise das representações sociais que constrói. Discute a noção de história enquanto mimesis de um passado presentificado por Lívio nos primórdios do Império. Apresenta um Lívio construtor de uma memória da sociedade romana que retroage às épocas da realeza e da república romanas. Da ênfase conferida por Lívio a algumas dessas práticas (cerimônias e crenças religiosas, ritos funerários, relações familiares, valores sociais, disputas de poder, etc., resultou nossa compreensão de que a política constitui o fio articulador de sua escritura. Conceito que em Lívio engloba as práticas cívicas/públicas realizadas pelos cives no espaço da urbs a partir do respeito aos valores da civitas.This article focuses on the way in which Titus Livius (1BC - 1AD presented politics, good citizenship and everyday life in his Ab urbe condita libri, through an analysis of the social representations that he constructed. It argues the conception of history as a mimesis of a past offered by Livid in the beginnings of the Empire. It presents Livid as a constructor of a memory of the Roman society that modified the times of royalty and of the Roman republic. The emphasis given by Livius to some of these practices (ceremonies and religious beliefs, funeral rites, family relations, social values, power disputes etc. resulted in our understanding that politics constituted the line of thinking in his writing. It can be assessed that Livius includes civic or public practices exercised by cives in the space of the urbs respecting the values of the civitas.

  2. La locatio-conductio en Roma y su régimen actual

    OpenAIRE

    Torices Viña, Noelia

    2016-01-01

    En este trabajo se aborda el desarrollo de una figura importante como es la locatio conductio (o, como podemos denominar hoy en día, arrendamiento) tanto en tiempos pasados como en nuestra época actual. Pudiendo dar una definición de esta figura de manera amplia como la prestación del uso o uso y disfrute de una cosa, así como la prestación de una obra o trabajo a cambio de una remuneración o renta, se puede afirmar que esta práctica ha estado siempre presente en nuestra sociedad, de menor a ...

  3. Measurement and Modeling of Respiration Rate of Tomato (Cultivar Roma) for Modified Atmosphere Storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandasamy, Palani; Moitra, Ranabir; Mukherjee, Souti

    2015-01-01

    Experiments were conducted to determine the respiration rate of tomato at 10, 20 and 30 °C using closed respiration system. Oxygen depletion and carbon dioxide accumulation in the system containing tomato was monitored. Respiration rate was found to decrease with increasing CO2 and decreasing O2 concentration. Michaelis-Menten type model based on enzyme kinetics was evaluated using experimental data generated for predicting the respiration rate. The model parameters that obtained from the respiration rate at different O2 and CO2 concentration levels were used to fit the model against the storage temperatures. The fitting was fair (R2 = 0.923 to 0.970) when the respiration rate was expressed as O2 concentation. Since inhibition constant for CO2 concentration tended towards negetive, the model was modified as a function of O2 concentration only. The modified model was fitted to the experimental data and showed good agreement (R2 = 0.998) with experimentally estimated respiration rate.

  4. Bourgois, F. (2005, Cercando rispetto. Drug economy e cultura di strada, Roma, DeriveApprodi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Scandurra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Philippe Bourgois, professore presso il Dipartimento di Antropologia, Storia e Medicina Sociale dell’Università della California, si trasferisce per cinque anni a East Harem, uno dei ghetti più degradati e malfamati di New York. Qui frequenta spacciatori di crack di origine portoricana, passa il tempo nelle sale sotto casa dove questi ultimi giocano, entra nelle case delle loro famiglie allargate.

  5. Effect of stand structure on models for volume and aboveground biomass assessment (Castelfusano pinewood, Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to analyse the effects of stand structure on biomass allocation and on the accurancy of estimation models for volume and aboveground biomass of Italian stone pine (Pinus pinea L.. Although the species is widely distributed on Mediterranean coasts, few studies on forest biomass estimation have focused on pinewoods. The research was carried out in the Castelfusano’s pinewood (Rome and concerned the two most common structural types: (a 50 years-old pinewood originated by broadcast seeding; and (b 62 years-old pinewood originated by partial seeding alternating worked strips to firm strips. Some 83 sample trees were selected for stem volume estimation and a subset of 32 trees used to quantify the total epigeous biomass, the wooden biomass compartment, including stem and big branches (diameter > 3 cm and the photosynthetic biomass, including thin branches (diameter < 3 cm and needles. Collected data were used to elaborate allometric relations for stem volume, total biomass and specific relations for both compartments, based on one (d2 or two (d2h indipendent variables, for both structural types. Furthermore, pinewood specific biomass expansion factors (BEF - indexes used to estimate carbon stocks starting from stem biomass data - were obtained. The achieved estimation models were subjected to both parallelism and coincidence tests, showing significant effects of stand structure on the accurancy of the allometric relations. The effects of stand structure and reliability of tree height curves on the accurancy of estimation models for volume and aboveground biomass and on biomass allocation in different compartments are analysed and discussed.

  6. Annotazioni Critiche su Aquila e Priscilla, il Titulius Priscae e le Catacombe di Priscilla a Roma

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    Ilaria Ramelli

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes an analysis of the tradition concerning Aquila and Priscilla; the titulus Priscae in Rome is probably connected not with Aquila's wife, but with the later Virgin and Martyr St. Frisca. We don't know whether the Aquila and the Priscilla who were buried in the catacombs of Priscilla can be identified with St. Paul's friends, but it is sure that these catacombs were possessed —at a very early date— by the Acilii Glabriones. They contain inscriptions from the llnd century AD onward, but perhaps there were Christian members of the family already in the Ist century: one of the Acilii Glabriones was a Román senator who was put to death during Domitian's persecution; and it is highiy probable that he was a Christian.L'étude analyse en premier lieu la tradition sur Aquila ef Priscille. Probablement le titulus Priscae est lié non avec la femme d'Aquila, mais avec la plus tarde Vierge et l\\/lartyr Pasque. Nous ne savons pas si les Aquila et Priscilla ensevelis dans le cimetiére de Priscilla sont identifiables avec les amis de saint Paul, mais il est bien sur que le cimetiére était propriété des Acilii Glabriones des une tres haute antiquité. Dans le méme cimetiére ont efe découvertes plusleurs inscriptions du líeme siécle apr. J.-C, peut-étre ainsi du ler. Á la fin du ler siécle apr. J.-C. un Acilius Glabrio, senateur romain, fut condamné a mort par Domitien, et tres probablement il était chrétien.

  7. Notarios catalanes en Roma: los notarios matriculados en el Archivo de la Curia (1508-1671

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Piñol Alabart

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the presence in Rome of a group of Catalan notaries in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. They are the notaries registered in the Archive’s Curia of writers College, an institution to creating notaries. All foreign notary who came to Rome had to register in this College. In the enrollment’s books they are data from the notaries, and his signum. It also raises the hypothesis that these notaries work in Rome exerting the notarial function. For this reason is analyzed the activity of some of these notaries in the city of Rome through the notarial documents today conserved in the Roman archives.

  8. Rezension zu: Marina Caffiero (Hg.: Rubare le anime. Roma: Viella 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Unfer Lukoschik

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In den Akten des päpstlichen Staatsarchivs und der römischen jüdischen Gemeinde finden sich zeitgenössische Zeugnisse für die im päpstlichen Rom vom 16. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert nicht seltene Zwangskonvertierung jüdischer Mädchen und Frauen zum Katholizismus. Eines der wertvollsten Dokumente dieser Konversionspraxis liegt nunmehr in einer kommentierten Neuedition vor: das Tagebuch der 1749 sich erfolgreich der versuchten Zwangskonvertierung widersetzenden 18-jährigen Anna del Monte. In ihrer Einleitung ordnet die Herausgeberin Marina Caffiero dieses außergewöhliche Einzelschicksal in die zeitgleich und parallel laufenden Assimilations- und Emanzipationsprozesse ein, die sich in der mit aufklärerischem Gedankengut ‚infizierten‘ jüdischen Oberschicht Roms im 18. Jahrhundert abzeichneten.

  9. La Colonia Roma a comienzos del XX: Arquitectura Patrimonial en ciudad de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Santa María

    1993-05-01

    Lo que me propongo hacer en este artículo, es dar a conocer dos experiencias que considero importantes: la arquitectura nuestra de principios de siglo y un trabajo de inventario y catalogación de arquitectura reciente que me tocó coordinar. La idea es compartir el por qué y cómo nos aproximamos al sujeto de estudio, algunas cosas que descubrimos en el proceso, una primera aproximación y muchas inquietudes que nos surgieron al analizar el material recopilado.

  10. The Cultural Responsiveness of Teacher Candidates Towards Roma Pupils in Serbia and Slovenia--Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecek, Mojca; Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Vujisic-Živkovic, Nataša

    2014-01-01

    In many countries, there is a growing need for teacher awareness and sensitivity to cultural differences, what is often called culturally responsive teaching. This is why teacher education institutions are making significant efforts to require student teachers to enrol in courses that focus on understanding, tolerance and acceptance of differences…

  11. B PENOLOGIA DO ESTATUTO DE ROMA E A CONSTITUIÇÃO

    OpenAIRE

    França, Gisela

    2007-01-01

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/10.12957/rfd.2010.1363O presente artigo objetiva analisar a teoria do bem jurídico, notadamente a partir dos princípios norteadores do tema e da Constituição Federal. Assim, destacam-se os reflexos por ela produzidos nas teorias do tipo e do delito, bem como a indissociável relação que possui com o Estado Democrático de Direito em função de ostentar o bem jurídico-penal um caráter limitador do poder punitivo estatal.

  12. The national project for Roma, Sinti and Caminanti children inclusion: A Socio-Anthropological overview

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    Greta Persico

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo sperimenta una prospettiva critica, applicata ed interdisciplinare al contrasto all’antiziganismo. La ricerca è stata svolta nell’ambito del Progetto Nazionale per l'Inclusione e l'integrazione dei bambini rom, sinti e caminanti, realizzato nell'arco dell'anno scolastico 2013/14 nella città di Milano. La cornice teorica di riferimento afferisce a differenti orizzonti: verranno presi in considerazione il paradigma del contrasto all’antiziganismo, le ricerche relative alle politiche educative nei confronti dei bambini e delle bambine rom e verrà fatto un accenno alla teoria della didattica inclusiva. In questo quadro analizzeremo le premesse sulle quali si basava la declinazione milanese dell’intervento nonché le attività formative realizzate all’interno di due scuole cittadine. Tali azioni hanno coinvolto le due autrici in qualità di formatrici. A partire da una analisi delle azioni del progetto verranno evidenziati gli elementi di continuità e discontinuità rispetto a politiche educative rivolte ai minori rom e alle loro famiglie attuate in città nel passato. Infine, a partire dagli esiti della formazione verranno esaminati gli effetti prodotti dall'interazione tra il mondo della ricerca e la realtà sociale. Il quadro che ne deriva evidenzia come il paradigma dell’antiziganismo sia la condizione necessaria per far emergere il paradigma opposto, quello dell’anti-antiziganismo, entro cui si producono discorsi, si destinano finanziamenti, si elaborano progetti e carriere degli “oppositori dell'antiziganismo”.

  13. «Recados» Sobre Grecia y Roma, en la prosa de Gabriela Mistral

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    Minerva Alganza Roldán

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the reception of Classical culture in Gabriela Mistral’s prose writings. Faced with the rhetoric and idealized vision of academicism, Mistral seeks Antiquity living in poets and Mediterranean peoples, and she vindicates for America the Greco-Latin heritage of Christian humanism.

  14. Attis a Roma e altri spaesamenti: Catullo, Cicerone, Seneca e l’esilio da se stessi

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    Mario Citroni

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available 1. La connessione profonda e inevitabile tra la percezione della propria soggettività individuale e il senso di appartenenza a una comunità cui è a sua volta attribuita un’identità collettiva propria, emerge con grande evidenza dai testi latini antichi. La radicale interdipendenza tra identità individuale e identità di una comunità si propone alla coscienza – e trova aperta espressione letteraria – tipicamente, nei momenti di privazione : nei momenti in cui il legame tra il soggetto e la comu...

  15. Un incontro con Mattia Crespi docente di Geomatica alla Sapienza di Roma

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    Renzo Carlucci

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A meeting with Mattia Crespi Mattia Crespi, full professor of Geomatics at La Sapienza University in Rome, to talk about the evolution of Geomatics, the new line of research in the field of 3D sensors and the content of the Italian Spatial Data Infrastructure.

  16. Il buon nome delle donne. Matrimonio, professione e reputazione nella Roma dell’Ottocento

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    Ginevra Diletta Tonini Masella

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This work is based on the trial documents of the Vicar and the Governor Courts (XVIII-XIX centuries. It is focused on the leading role of reputation in the lives of unmarried and atypical working women during the First Roman Republic (1798-1799. Referring to the recent studies on marriage, the attention is focused on both language and nomenclature used in trial documents to describe women. Moreover, it is underlined the importance of a bad reputation on the Criminal Court’s judgement in actions for seduction of unmarried women. Models earned by showing their naked bodies: a particular attention is reserved then to the role of their job as well as their marital status in both construction and judgement of their reputation.

  17. "And Roma Were Victims, Too." The Romani Genocide and Holocaust Education in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelso, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    While Holocaust education has been mandatory in Romanian schools for over a decade, educators do not necessarily teach about it. Distortion and obfuscation of Romanian Holocaust crimes during the communist and transition periods means that teachers, like the majority of Romanians, know little about their country's perpetration of genocides. From…

  18. Mecacci, L. (1999). Psicología moderna e postmoderna. Roma - Bari: Editori Laterza, 192 p.

    OpenAIRE

    León, Ramón

    2002-01-01

    Libro de denso contenido, pero de estilo accesible al lector medianamente informado; obra de pequeño formato y dedicada a temas de amplio alcance: esas son apreciaciones que surgen tras la lectura de Psicología moderna e postmodema.Su autor, Luciano Mecacci, poco conocido en el mundo de habla hispana, es probablemente el más prolífico autor de la psicología italianade nuestros días. Su último libro - posterior al que comentamos,dedicado a los "desastres del psicoanálisis"- , es una ácida pero...

  19. Intercultural mediation with the roma community in health-care contexts

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    Ana Giménez Adelantado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intercultural mediation essentially deals with perceptions. Perceived reality is frequently very different and far removed from actual reality. From our human and cultural position we must endeavor to understand the «other», starting from the principle that our lives are guided by certain norms and principles that are impregnated with cultural values and traditions. Any attempt to find logical reasons for this perception, in other words, the causes and consequences of the behavior and attitudes of those who do not share our culture, will be in vain and take us nowhere. Only by changing our approach can we achieve the fluency of  understanding and comprehension that we all strive for. In sum, we must face up to the difficulties of  communication by questioning why reality is perceived in this way. This approach activates our perceptive capacity, facilitates attitudes of comprehension, and stimulates the dialogue and communication on which interculturality is grounded.La mediación intercultural esencialmente es una cuestión de percepciones. Desde una posición humana y cultural debemos comprender al «otro» partiendo del principio que nuestras vidas están orientadas por normas y principios que están impregnados de valores y tradiciones culturales. Aplicar «nuestra lógica» buscando las causas y las consecuencias del comportamiento y de las actitudes de aquellos que no comparten nuestra cultura es un intento vano que no nos lleva a ningún lado. Sólo cambiando nuestro enfoque podemos lograr el entendimiento fluido y la comprensión que deseamos. En suma, debemos enfrentarnos a las dificultades de comunicación cuestionándonos por qué la realidad es percibida de esta manera. Esta aproximación aumenta nuestra capacidad de percepción, facilita actitudes de comprensión estimulando el diálogo y la comunicación. 

  20. Le donne bangladesi a Roma: come si trasforma una comunità

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noemi Bisio

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to deepen the analysis on women role in migration today observing the Bangladeshi community resident in Rome. This perspective wants to return Bangladeshi women a leading role as engine of evolution for their community and in the current process new citizenship’s creation. Often considered to be passive subjects of migration, the Bangladeshi woman are hurled into a completely new reality that indeed calls them, even more than men, to deal with different customs and categories of thought. Thanks to the experience of motherhood, Bangladeshi women are forced to leave the house and interact with institutions and Italian families in order to participate in the training of their children. A change that has important impact on Bangladeshi community resident in Italy, but also on the society of residence and that of belonging.

  1. Actitudes ante los impuestos en Roma : aceptación, resignación y rechazo

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    Carlos Jordán Reyes

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Las actitudes de los contribuyentes romanos ante los impuestos no fue siempre la misma. Variaron en función de la naturaleza de cada tributo, de los procedimientos recaudatorios de cada momento y lugar y de las circunstancias personales del contribuyente. El tributo en cuanto tal no siempre generó rechazo. A veces fue asumido como una contrapartida lógica del derecho de ciudadanía y a veces incluso era autoimpuesto voluntariamente. A su vez, el rechazo a los tributos se manifestaba de muy diversos modos —la evasión fiscal, la búsqueda del privilegio, la protesta colectiva y el recurso ante la autoridad judicial— cada uno con una gran variedad de matices.The attitudes of Roman contributors towards taxes were not always the same. They differed depending on the nature of each tax, on the tax collection procedures, on the moment and place and the personal circunstances of tax contributors. Taxes as such were not always rejected. Sometimes they were seen as a logical counterpart of the right to citizenship and some other times they were voluntarily self-imposed. At the same time, the rejection of taxes was shown in many different ways: tax evasion, the search for privilege, collective protest, and the appeal to the judicial authorities; all of these including in turn a great variety of forms.

  2. El derecho hereditario de la mujer : de Roma al código civil

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Fernández, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación empieza por realizar una exposición histórica de cual fue el papel de la mujer en aquellas sociedades más influyentes, tanto el rol que desempeña dentro de la familia, como su posición jurídica dentro del clan familiar y en la sociedad de la que forma parte, para acabar analizando en qué forma le afectaba el derecho de sucesiones. El recorrido histórico tiene su origen en la antigua Grecia, donde se contextualiza la posición de la mujer en aquella socie...

  3. The power of invisibility : Reconstructing mobility: Roma in an expanding Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagy, V.

    2016-01-01

    After the last EU enlargement, state borders have been partially replaced by internal border controls of state bureaucracies to regulate westward migration. Existing ideas of threat associated with non-EU migrants are accompanied by a 'new menace' referring to criminal ’insiders’ who might profit

  4. Imperium de las sentencias judiciales en Roma y en la actualidad

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    Valeria Susana Guerra

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El proceso, su estructura, las funciones del juez, la fuerza de las decisiones judiciales y su fundamento en el imperium y en la iurisdictio, han sido argumentos del mayor interés en las elaboraciones jurídicas, tanto de la romanística como de la ciencia del derecho procesal; la autora revisa los efectos de la sentencia a la luz de la estructura del sistema procesal romano, las funciones del juez y el origen de la apelación, para luego confrontar el análisis con una mirada general a los efectos de la actuación judicial y de las decisiones judiciales en la legislación argentina.

  5. Impacts and consequences of residential segregation of Roma in urban spaces: Case studies from Hungary

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    Jenö Zsolt Farkas

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores residential segregation and its characteristics in medium-sized and small towns in the Southern Great Plain statistical region of Hungary. The study highlights the main features and driving forces of segregation connected to post-communist urban development. We are approaching this from the perspective of the following questions: How are segregation processes connected to ethnic issues and living conditions? What can the local government do to solve this problem? The article concludes that residential segregation is a frequent phenomenon in Hungarian agro-towns. These processes share some similarities but also differ to some degree from western European or US examples. The results emphasise the importance of complex thinking about social integration, local planning and more effective financial allocation.

  6. QUO VADIS? A ÉTICA PSICANALÍTICA PARA ALÉM DE ROMA

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    Mariana Rodrigues Festucci Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses some nuances of the tragedy experienced by Antigone, contrasting it with the annihilation of the contemporary subject operated by the capitalist discourse. It states, beyond the ethics that seeks a good in accordance to the Kantian imperative, the psychoanalytic ethics –an ethics governed by the dialectics of desire, the only one possible to be determined in the analyst's praxis. For this purpose, it starts from Aristotle's concept of Ethics and then it points out what is at stake in Lacan's reading of Sophocles' play. The tragic nature of psychoanalytic ethics is here highlighted along with its relevance to rescue the contemporary subject from deletion

  7. ELENA MODENA, L'altrOrfeo. Considerazioni analitiche sulla vocalità, Roma, Aracne, 2009

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    Adriana Guarnieri

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Il volume propone un’indagine sulla vocalità ispirata al «metodo funzionale della voce» di Gisela Rohmert, didatta e fondatrice del Lichtenberger Institut für angewandte Stimmphysiologie, attivo in Germania dal 1982 . Da quell'esperienza – un metodo di pedagogia della voce fondato sullo studio della fisiologia vocale e del «fatto vocale» in quanto evento acustico e stimolo percettivo – Elena Modena ha derivato e illustra in questo libro una sua proposta di «analisi funzionale» della vocalità, storicamente considerata e rivolta, insieme, all’àmbito dell’emissione e a quello dell’ascolto.

  8. Cuzco y Roma, peruanos y andaluces en la obra del Inca Garcilaso

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    Fermín del Pino-Díaz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se intenta ofrecer una explicación sociocultural del programa romanista del Inca Garcilaso en función de sus coordenadas biográficas (peruana y española, analizando especialmente su destino andaluz, tanto por sus coordenadas sociales (conquista reciente del mundo islámico y presencia de conversos judíos como por las propiamente culturales (clasicismo real y nobiliario, conexión con jesuitas. No se trata, pues, de una solución individual y aislada (por aristocrática, ni tampoco de una opción meramente literaria o religiosa (a pesar de expresarse en esa clave.

  9. Agripina é Roma-Manhattan, um belo quase-filme de HO.

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    Rubens Machado Jr.

    Full Text Available Resumo Não faz maior sentido perder-se em discussões sobre ser ou não inacabada a realização de Hélio Oiticica rodada na Wall Street de 1972 levando-se em conta o filme que temos visto desde 1992 (em quase todas as retrospectivas do artista mundo afora enquanto uma obra experimental concebida a partir da prática superoitista brasileira daquele início de década. Consideramos nesta análise sua relação com essa matriz de experiência, além do diálogo profícuo do artista não só com o cinema anterior de seu país como também sua cultura, política, arte e literatura reativadas desde o século pregresso.

  10. Come muoversi a Roma con il trasporto pubblico e il Bike Sharing

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    Michele Ieradi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The public transport-bike sharing integration in Rome Based on the success in Rome due to the launch of its bike sharing service (on June 13, 2008, ATAC (Rome Mobility Agency designed and implemented the integration of paths that connect the 19 bike sharing collection points, located in the heart of Rome, with the public transport network. The resulting database has been included in a new version of the Journey Planner service, Infopoint, already available on the ATAC website, which gives users the opportunity to calculate an itinerary with public transport and if possible to combine the public transport with the bike sharing schedule.

  11. Come muoversi a Roma con il trasporto pubblico e il Bike Sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Ieradi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The public transport-bike sharing integration in RomeBased on the success in Rome due to the launch of its bike sharing service (on June 13, 2008, ATAC (Rome Mobility Agency designed and implemented the integration of paths that connect the 19 bike sharing collection points, located in the heart of Rome, with the public transport network. The resulting database has been included in a new version of the Journey Planner service, Infopoint, already available on the ATAC website, which gives users the opportunity to calculate an itinerary with public transport and if possible to combine the public transport with the bike sharing schedule.

  12. Grek ve Roma Dünyasında Gül

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZCAN, Fikret

    2012-01-01

    Gül güzelliğin, gençliğin simgesi olması yanında geçiciliğin de simgesi olmuştur ve pek çok tanrı ve tanrıça için yapılan törenler dışında ölüler için yapılan dinsel törenlerde de kullanılmıştır. Güle en erken M.Ö. 8. yüzyılda değinilir ve o dönemde tanrısal bir çiçek olan gül, M.Ö. 6. yüzyıldan itibaren ise dünyevileşmiştir. Gülün Aphrodite’nin atribüsü olması da bu dönemde olmalıdır. M.Ö. 8.-5. yüzyıllar arasında yazılı kaynaklarda gülden sık bahsedilmesine karşın mimari ve plastik eserlerd...

  13. Gas hazard assessment in a densely inhabited area of Colli Albani Volcano (Cava dei Selci, Roma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carapezza, M. L.; Badalamenti, B.; Cavarra, L.; Scalzo, A.

    2003-04-01

    The northwestern flank of the Colli Albani, a Quaternary volcanic complex near Rome, is characterised by high pCO 2 values and Rn activities in the groundwater and by the presence of zones with strong emission of gas from the soil. The most significant of these zones is Cava dei Selci where many houses are located very near to the gas emission site. The emitted gas consists mainly of CO 2 (up to 98 vol%) with an appreciable content of H 2S (0.8-2%). The He and C isotopic composition indicates, as for all fluids associated with the Quaternary Roman and Tuscany volcanic provinces, the presence of an upper mantle component contaminated by crustal fluids associated with subducted sediments and carbonates. An advective CO 2 flux of 37 tons/day has been estimated from the gas bubbles rising to the surface in a small drainage ditch and through a stagnant water pool, present in the rainy season in a topographically low central part of the area. A CO 2 soil flux survey with an accumulation chamber, carried out in February-March 2000 over a 12 000 m 2 surface with 242 measurement points, gave a total (mostly conductive) flux of 61 tons/day. CO 2 soil flux values vary by four orders of magnitude over a 160-m distance and by one order of magnitude over several metres. A fixed network of 114 points over 6350 m 2 has been installed in order to investigate temporal flux variations. Six surveys carried out from May 2000 to June 2001 have shown large variations of the total CO 2 soil flux (8-25 tons/day). The strong emission of CO 2 and H 2S, which are gases denser than air, produces dangerous accumulations in low areas which have caused a series of lethal accidents to animals and one to a man. The gas hazard near the houses has been assessed by continuously monitoring the CO 2 and H 2S concentration in the air at 75 cm from the ground by means of two automatic stations. Certain environmental parameters (wind direction and speed; atm P, T, humidity and rainfall) were also continuously recorded. At both stations, H 2S and CO 2 exceeded by several times the recommended concentration thresholds. The highest CO 2 and H 2S values were recorded always with wind speeds less than 1.5 m/s, mostly in the night hours. Our results indicate that there is a severe gas hazard for people living near the gas emission site of Cava dei Selci, and appropriate precautionary and prevention measures have been recommended both to residents and local authorities.

  14. [Surgical instruments for impossible births in the Museum of History of Medicine in Roma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Claudia; Marinozzi, Silvia

    2006-01-01

    The Museum of History of Medicine of Rome collects gynaecological and obstetrical instruments. Forceps and embriotomy instruments illustrate the evolution of a sort of an "obstetrical speciality", from antiquity to XIX century. The article focuses mainly on the gradual transformation of forceps's use, from abortive to useful instrument for childbirth.

  15. Herojus, kokio dar nebuvo

    OpenAIRE

    Jekentaitė Kuzmickienė, Leonarda

    2005-01-01

    The article, dedicated to the forty years anniversary of writer Sigitas Parulskis, a winner of the National Prize 2004, examines the tragicomic characters of his novels, essays and poems. In the opinion of the author of the article, previously there had not been such a tragicomic character, as the one, found in Parulskis’s work, in Lithuanian literature. The character is not quite prepossessing, however he has the traits, characteristic of a person of our times (both postmodern and post-Sovie...

  16. Just another roll of the dice: a socially creative initiative to assure Roma housing in North Western Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Vitale, Tommaso; Membretti, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    This chapter concerns how social innovation relates to the social production of space. Usually, the scholarly literature on local welfare, social work, and ‘social cohesion’ at the urban level mostly fails to consider the relevance of space. The spatial dimension of a socially creative strategy is constituted in physical and symbolic boundaries, in the built environment, in situated objects and relationships. Space can significantly contribute to stigma and exclusion, notably in segregated pl...

  17. Vanadium concentration in some soils of Tolfa mountains (Rome); Tenori di vanadio nei solidi dei monti della Tolfa (Civitavecchia, Roma)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuneshka, Milo; Michetti, Italo [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Cassacia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1997-10-01

    Here are presented and discussed the data concerning the concentration of vanadium in some soils of Tolfa mountains. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fall out connected with the emissions of the oil power plants of Civitavecchia. The authors have analysed the considered by us elements V, Ti, Mn, Al and Si, using the instrumental neutron activation analysis. The vanadium because is presented in the oil in higher concentrations in comparison with the other elements and so as an element which characterizes the emissions, while Ti, Mn, Al and Si, due to their terrestrial origin, are useful to put in evidence the contribution due to the lithological component. From the obtained data and in agreement with the theoretical estimations according to the atmospheric fall out, the authors convinced that during the operating time of the oil power plants of Civitavecchia, one can not observe appreciable variations of vanadium in some soils of Tolfa mountains. The obtained data can be useful in the other future studies which will aim to evaluate the entity of the contribution of such elements coming from the oil power plants of Civitavecchia.

  18. Discursos ciceronianos: a oratória como estratégia política na Roma Antiga

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    Marinalva Vilar de Lima

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio discute a personagem de Cícero a partir do auto-retrato por ele elaborado e das representações biográficas que lhe construíram autores de sua época e da contemporaneidade. Problematiza a escritura ciceroniana, destacando as relações que constrói entre a retórica e o exercício político. Intenciona contribuir para a construção da imagem de Cícero enquanto sujeito histórico, ainda que toque em aspectos estéticos de sua produção discursiva.

  19. El barrio de la embajada de España en Roma en la segunda mitad del siglo XVII

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    Maximiliano Barrio Gozalo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In the middle of the XVIIth century the foreign ambassadors in Rome extend the immunity of his palace a sector of the city, the district of the embassy. But in the last third of the century the Popes try to suppress these exempt jurisdictions. In this article across the documentation Vaticana and Spanish, studies the evolution of the Spanish district and his vicissitudes until the Marquess of Cogolludo resigns his immunity, and there begins a new period of limited jurisdiction.

  20. La sexualidad femenina en Roma y la violencia simbólica contra las mujeres en los Catulli Carmina

    OpenAIRE

    Salas Moya, Jenny

    2016-01-01

    El artículo comprende un estudio de la sexualidad femenina y la violencia simbólica contra las mujeres en los poemas de Catulo. Desde la antigüedad romana los placeres y las emociones relacionados con la sexualidad femenina han sido reprimidos como una expresión del poder masculino.

  1. Caminhos que levam a Roma: recursos culturais e redefinições da excelência religiosa

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    Ernesto Seidl

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A centralidade da aquisição de recursos sociais variados através de processos de internacionalização marca tendência generalizada na dinâmica de recomposição das elites e grupos dirigentes, inclusive a Igreja católica. Dentro desse campo de discussões, o artigo apresenta resultados que buscam dar respostas às seguintes questões: como se encaixaria, nesse processo, uma instituição profissional de caráter supranacional, sediada no Vaticano, com critérios e códigos próprios de recrutamento, seleção e ascensão tal como a Igreja católica? Quais as formas e o peso da circulação internacional na formação de seu corpo religioso e nas lutas pela definição de novas hierarquias de saberes? Que destinos, experiências e competências culturais se impuseram como mais valorizados no atual estado da instituição e como se distribuem as chances de acesso a esses recursos entre seus membros? Por fim, como são vividas e percebidas diferentes experiências de internacionalização de profissionais da Igreja e que lugar tal fenômeno ocupa entre os instrumentos de legitimação da instituição no espaço do poder?The central part played by internationalization in the acquisition of multiple social resources appears as a general trend in the dynamics of recomposition of the elites, including the Catholic Church. In this field of debate, this article seeks to answer the following questions: what is the place of this process in the case of a Vatican-based, supranational professional institution, which has its own codes and criteria of recruitment, selection and ascension? Which are the forms of international circulation and what is its role in the training of the religious body and also in the struggles for the definition of new hierarchies of knowledge? Which destinations, cultural experiences and skills are more valued on the current status of the institution and how is the access to these assets distributed among its members? Finally, how are experienced and perceived the different ways of internationalization of the high clergy and what is the place it takes among the instruments of legitimation within the field of power?

  2. Fiorentino, Giuliana and Bruni, Filippo (Eds. (2013. Didattica e tecnologie. Studi, percorsi e proposte. Roma, Italia: Carocci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Pizziconi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The volume presents novice and experienced teachers with a sound and concise reflection on the use of the newest technologies in education. The discussion covers e-learning platforms, m(obile-learning, web technologies (blog, micro-blog, wiki, social networks, video-games and role games, videos, and some basic issues such as (digital story telling, hypertextuality, multimediality, and identity. Many projects brought in as examples of the use of technologies in educational contexts are aimed at language learning. The final section discusses Italian and European programs centered on new technologies. The authors balance an enthusiastic attitude with realistic considerations on how the educational use of new technologies requires great accuracy to the design of the intervention and close monitoring.

  3. JEAN-JACQUES EIGELDINGER, Chopin visto dai suoi allievi, a cura di Costantino Mastroprimiano, Roma, Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 2010

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    Antonio Rostagno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’accurata raccolta e sistemazione di testimonianze scritte riguardanti Chopin, attuata da Eigeldinger, si rivela utile su entrambi i piani storico e didattico-pedagogico. Importante punto di riferimento per la didattica strumentale e per la didattica della musica in generale, il volume offre dettagliate e approfondite informazioni su aspetti peculiari del pensiero compositivo chopiniano.

  4. La misión de Velázquez y sus agentes en Roma y Venecia: 1649-1653

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    Salort, Salvador

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In the following study we analyze one of the missions carried out by Velazquez in Italy during his second journey: to contract the execution and transport of the modem sculptures and casts of the classical statues, made out of bronze and plaster, that he chose and acquired to garnish the new rooms of the Madrid Alcázar. To this purpose, we have found and studied new important documentation —in part unpublished, in part cited, but never considered in its ensemble^ that will permit us to confirm and concrete some hypothesis, and to point out new data about different aspects of Velazquez's mission. To this respect, we refer, for example, to which was Velazquez residence in Rome, which collections he visited, what were the specific arrangements implemented by the painter to shoulder the royal commission, including the determination of the roles played by Giuliano Finelli, the Count of Oñate, the Duke of Infantado, the Marquis of la Fuente, don Santiago Cardoso, don Juan de Córdoba and other agents at Velazquez's service for the royal assignment. Finally, we bring up new documentation on his third staying in Venice, setting, for the first time, the period when he was doubtless in the famous Republic trying to buy paintings for the King's Collection.No disponible

  5. Santa Maria della Vittoria a Roma e a Praga. Nuove riflessioni sulla sacra immagine e sul suo culto

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vácha, Štěpán

    -, č. 9 (2014), s. 77-110 ISSN 1214-9438 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-13174S Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : devotional image * baroque * baroque piety * Thirty Years War Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cult ural Heritage

  6. CASSIUS DIO AND THE CULT OF IVLIVS AND ROMA AT EPHESUS AND NICAEA (51.20.6-8)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, J. M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers Cassius Dio's account of the early worship of Augustus. Its main focus is the number of cults consecrated to the worship of Rome's new undisputed leader and his father, the now deceased and deified Divus Iulius, after the triumvir, on his way back from Alexandria in 29 b.......c.e., wintered in Asia Minor. In his account of how the first official worship of Augustus was organized, Dio describes how Augustus let two separate cults inaugurate: a joint cult to the worship of Divus Iulius and the goddess Thea Roma—a Greek deity, which since the second century served as a personification...... of Roman rule or Roman power—and a personal cult to the worship of the victorious triumvir (51.20.6-8)....

  7. HISTORIA, SIGNIFICACIÓN Y UTILIDAD SOCIOJURÍDICA DE LA ADROGATIO Y LA ADOPTIO EN ROMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo A. Díaz-Bautista Cremades & Manuel Baelo Álvarez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Roman adoption is the antecedent of our current normative system. Both adoptio and adrogatio allowed someone to artificially form part of the domus of the adopter under the potestas of a new paterfamilias with the purpose or social function of securing the cult of the manes gods. Progressively, adoption became widespread in social customs and became a tool to ascend the social ladder, acquire inheritance, evade certain exclusions imposed by legislation, exchange surplus children among different family groups, establish personal alliances, of kinship and of inter-familial dynastic solidarity, and of designating a political successor under the election of the optimus (chief emperors and emperors of the Roman nobilitas. During the Justinian reign, the family structure is transformed and the adoptio is subdivided into two modalities: adoptio plena and adoptio minus plena.

  8. Vzdělávání Romů v ČR

    OpenAIRE

    Pekárková, Hana

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with Education of Roma children in the Czech Republic. It sums up basic facts relating to arrival of Roma in Europe and in the Czech Republic, deals with societal reactions to this arrival and relations progress between Roma and major society. The attention is focused on a existing conception of Roma education, determinants of Roma children education, social exclusion of their families, possible risks of troubleshooting behaviour, affirmative approaches including establishin...

  9. Chemoradiation With Concomitant Boosts Followed by Radical Surgery in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: Long-term Results of the ROMA-2 Prospective Phase 2 Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrandina, Gabriella, E-mail: gabriella.ferrandina@libero.it [Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Gambacorta, Antonietta [Division of Radiotherapy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Gallotta, Valerio [Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Smaniotto, Daniela [Division of Radiotherapy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Fagotti, Anna [Gynecologic Surgery, University of Perugia, Terni (Italy); Tagliaferri, Luca [Division of Radiotherapy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Foti, Elvira; Fanfani, Francesco [Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Autorino, Rosa [Division of Radiotherapy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Scambia, Giovanni [Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy); Valentini, Vincenzo [Division of Radiotherapy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome (Italy)

    2014-11-15

    Purpose: This prospective, phase 2 study aimed at assessing the efficacy of accelerated fractionation radiation therapy by concomitant boosts (CBs) associated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT) of the whole pelvis, in improving the rate of pathological complete response (pCR) to treatment in patients with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB2-IVA locally advanced cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: Neoadjuvant CRT included conformal irradiation of the whole pelvis with a total dose of 39.6 Gy (1.8 cGy/fraction, 22 fractions), plus additional irradiation of primary tumor and parametria with 10.8 Gy administered with CBs (0.9 cGy/fraction, 12 fractions, every other day). Concomitant chemotherapy included cisplatin (20 mg/m{sup 2}, days 1-4 and 26-30 of treatment), and capecitabine (1300 mg/m{sup 2}/daily, orally) during the first 2 and the last 2 weeks of treatment. Radical hysterectomy plus pelvic with or without aortic lymphadenectomy was performed within 6 to 8 weeks from CRT. Toxicity was recorded according to Radiation Therapy Oncology Group toxicity criteria and Chassagne grading system. Based on the Simon design, 103 cases were required, and the regimen would be considered active if >45 pCR were registered (α error = 0.05; β error = 0.1). Results: pCR was documented in 51 cases (50.5%), and the regimen was considered active, according to the planned statistical assumptions. At median follow-up of 36 months (range: 7-85 months), the 3-year local failure rate was 7%, whereas the 3-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 73.0% and 86.1%, respectively. Grade 3 leukopenia and neutropenia were reported in only 1 and 2 cases, respectively. Gastrointestinal toxicity was always grade 1 or 2. Conclusions: Addition of CBs in the accelerated fractionation modality to the whole pelvis chemoradiation followed by radical surgery results in a high rate of pathologically assessed complete response to CRT and a very encouraging local control rate, with acceptable toxicity.

  10. La crisis del siglo III y la recuperación de la Historia de Roma como un tema digno de ser historiado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando GASCÓ

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cualquier estudio sobre historiografía griega de tiempos de la Segunda Sofística tiene como punto de referencia obligado la obra de Luciano de Samosata Quomodo historia conscribenda sit. La fecha en que fue escrita se puede establecer con verosimilitud a partir y poco después de la primavera-verano del 166, es decir, una vez terminada la guerra contra los partos (161-165 y propagada la peste, a la que alude en un pasaje. La ocasión para escribir este trabajo se la ofreció a Luciano una floreciente y en su opinión lamentable historiografía que había surgido a la sombra de las campañas de Lucio Vero —o más bien de sus generales— contra los partos y que tenía como objeto de consideración laudatoria tales empresas bélicas. La intención de hist, conscr. fue, por una parte, denunciar los defectos y errores de estos Tucídides improvisados y, por otra, establecer una preceptiva a la que se deberían remitir quienes emprendieran la no fácil tarea de escribir historia. Tal objetivo pretendió llevarlo a cabo por medio de tres partes bien diferenciadas consistentes en una introducción (1-6, un desarrollo (7-60 y un epílogo (61-63. Tras la introducción, donde señala cuál es el fin y sentido de la obra, pasa a tratar en dos secciones centrales su contenido fundamental. En la primera de ellas distingue entre historiografía, poesía y encomio (7-13 y denuncia con ejemplos tomados de los historiadores de las guerras párticas los atentados que contra la historia se pueden cometer (14-32. En la segunda (33-60 se ocupa, como él mismo dice (33, de la parte positiva del tema y ofrece un conjunto de consejos que conciernen a los historiadores y sus obras. El opúsculo termina con un epílogo en forma de breve recapitulación de las virtudes básicas del historiador (61-63.

  11. Fedeltà a Roma o lealtà all’Impero? La questione uniate nel Regno di Polonia (1831-1863

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Piccin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Matteo PiccinFealty to Rome or Loyalty to the Empire? The Uniate Question in the Kingdom of Poland (1831-1863The article describes the policies that the Tsarist authorities pursued towards the Chełm Greek-Catholic eparchy in the Kingdom of Poland between 1831 and 1863. It focuses in particular on a little-known episode: the attempt to suppress the Chełm eparchy implemented during the episcopate of F.F. Szumborski (1828-1851 with the approval of the viceroy of Poland Paskevich and of Tsar Nicholas I. The conversion of the Uniates to the Orthodox Church, successfully achieved in the Western (Lithuanian-Belarusian provinces of the Tsarist Empire in 1839, was inscribed in the process of assimilation of these territories, which were considered to have belonged to the Russian state and to the Orthodox Church since the age of Kyivan Rus’. These lands had been incorporated into the Empire by the Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the second half of the Eighteenth century. The episode described reflects the nationalistic evolution of Imperial policies, but the failure to convert the Chełm Uniates shows that, for reasons of diplomatic balance with the Holy See and the European powers, the Tsar’s government preferred to adopt a policy of compromise, rather than a unilateral resolution of the Uniate question. The Chełm Uniates were not converted to Orthodoxy until after the Polish Uprising of 1863, when a shift towards a broader Russifi cation of the outlying areas of the Empire took place in offi cial policies.

  12. El artículo 4.3 del Reglamento Roma I. Una verdadera cláusula de excepción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Fernando Martínez Luna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The reach and scope of the escape clause found in article 4.5 of the Rome Convention has been fiercely debated in the last years. The main participants in this debate held either a rigid conception of the escape clause that regarded it as applicable only in exceptional cases; or the opposing viewpoint, which can be described as a flexible interpretation, according to which judges may dismiss presumptions at any moment whenever they deem that there is one law with more links to the contract. The Rome I Regulation on the law applicable to international contracts, aware of the many problems posed by the aforementioned article, has introduced some important modifications concerning the regulated issue. This article intends to examine the modifications of the exception clause found in the Rome I Regulation by studying the multiple problems in case-law related to the escape clause of the Rome Convention, with the purpose of ascertaining the scope of its changes and its possible use by judges of States parties.

  13. Minoría gitana, Derecho penal y teorías republicanas del castigo || Roma Minority, Criminal Law and Republican Theories of Punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Pérez de la Fuente

    2013-01-01

    Resumen: En primer lugar, este artículo plantea argumentos contra el prejuicio antigitano. En especial, los diversos intentos  de mezclar biología y Derecho penal.   En segundo lugar,  analiza tres elementos que explican mejor la relación entre minoría gitana y justicia penal: a) El prejuicio como una profecía que se autocumple; b) El Derecho penal como un caso de discriminación indirecta; c) El prejuicio como falacia de la generalización.  En tercer lugar, se estudian las teoricle ly this ...

  14. The Istituto Fisico on Via Panisperna the new Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche "Enrico Fermi" di Roma

    CERN Document Server

    Carbonari, Luca

    2003-01-01

    We trace Fermi's working years in Rome at the Istituto Fisico ("Physics Institute") on Via Panisperna and describe the new Centro Studi e Ricerche 'Enrico Fermi' (Enrico Fermi Centre for Study and Research) established to honour his memory and achievements.

  15. A Idealização de Roma e a sua aceitação pelos Cristãos (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Moacyr Campos

    1951-06-01

    Full Text Available (Primeiro Parágrafo do Artigo Vastíssima é a literatura referente ao Império Romano, de tal maneira que, à primeira vista, parece demasiada a presunção de um candidato à livre-docência que se propõe apresentar uma tese versando ainda uma faceta dquele imenso assunto.

  16. De Mallorca a Nápoles, Lleida y Roma: los viajes del canónigo Gabriel Cerdà (1450-1491.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Cassanyes Roig

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the different groups of medieval travellers, ecclesiastics were one of the most active. Fifteenth-century Majorcan canons, too, crossed the seas to reach their destinations. This paper considers the voyages of one of them, Gabriel Cerdà, who went to the most important centres of power of the Crown of Aragon (Naples and Catalonia and of the Church (Rome, although he also frequented Lleida in order to study and to hold another canonry in its cathedral. His case is a paradigm of Majorcan canons’ performance related to their geographical mobility.

  17. Estudio político-criminal y dogmático de los principios y garantías del Estatuto de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Sandoval Fernández

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Comprender el Derecho Penal desde una concepción Garantista permite establecer los límites al ejercicio del poder punitivo en contra del ser humano, a través de la defensa de los principios y garantías fundamentales que tienen por objeto racionalizar las normas penales y legitimar las acciones tendientes al control social de los delitos y la obtención de niveles más tolerables de criminalidad.

  18. «Io come madre cercava ogni strada». Una madre ebrea e un figlio nei guai nella Roma del Cinquecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Di Nepi

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available In the Counter Reformation Rome Jewish mother is trying to have her son sent free from the prison. He has been found guilty of many crimes, mainly sexual crimes and he will be most likely sentenced to the galere where the hard conditions would probably kill him. His mother goes around the town,out of the ghetto where Jews are forced to live, looking for help in the attempt to liberate him. The records of the trial report two different voices: the mother’s and the Christian mediator’s telling two different versions of the story. According to the mother, she has paid him a sum coming from her dowry for his help, according to the Christian man he has helped the young Jew because the latter has promised to convert to Christianity. Reading the records we have a deep look inside the streets of the city and the main places of the Jewish life in Rome, including the threatening Casa dei Catecumeni.

  19. Graduación de la responsabilidad civil del empresario y de los grupos de empresas -matrices y filiales- de Roma frente a terceros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Suárez Blázquez

    2011-01-01

    negocios de los sometidos a patria potestad. Sin embargo, estas acciones no se caracterizan solo por tener fórmulas con transposición de sujetos. Tampoco se debe ceñir su competencia al derecho de familia. Esta tesis, aceptada de forma mayoritaria para la doctrina romanista y civilista actual, debe ser revisada. La tesis que proponemos es la extensión de estas acciones procesales al campo jurídico de la empresa, de las mercancías y del comercio, pues fueron creadas por los pretores, y desarrolladas por la jurisprudencia clásica, para conseguir un objetivo: determinar el alcance y la medida de la responsabilidad civil del comerciante, del empresario, de las empresas matrices y de las empresas filiales, en suspensión de pagos, frente a terceros ¿proveedores y clientes¿.

  20. ANÁLISIS DE DOS CASOS DE NORMAS URBANÍSTICAS EN ROMA PARA LA PROTECCIÓN DE OBRAS PÚBLICAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel García Lozano

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available La época de paz instaurada durante el principado de Octavio Augusto promovió la realización de numerosas construcciones y obras públicas a lo largo de todo el territorio del Imperio Romano. Con el fin de ordenar dichas construcciones, se adoptaron numerosas normas de tipo individual para disciplinar cada una de las obras. El fin de estas normas singulares buscaban, por un lado, evitar abusos de los residentes o transeúntes, por otro, disponer un régimen sancionador que censurase esos abusos y, como fin último, la conservación de las obras públicas dada la inversión que conllevaba su construcción. Il tempo di pace stabilito durante il principato di Octavio Augusto promosse la realizzazione di numerose costruzioni e opere pubbliche, in tutto il territorio dell'Impero Romano. Per ordinare tali costruzioni, sono state adottate numerose regole di tipo individuale per disciplinare ciascuna delle opere. Lo scopo di queste regole uniche ha cercato, da un lato, di evitare abusi da parte di residenti o spettatori, dall'altro, di avere un regime sanzionatorio che censurasse quegli abusi e, come obiettivo finale, la conservazione delle opere pubbliche dato l'investimento coinvolto nella loro costruzione.

  1. International Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids (ICIFUAS) (10th) held in Roma, Italy on September 6 - 9, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-09

    Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2) Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales , Dto. de Fisica, Pabell6n 1, Ciudad Universitaria...Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2) Dto. de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales , Universidad de Buenos Aires. Pabell6n 1, Ciudad Universitaria...Dto. de Materiales, Av. del Libertador 8250, (1429) Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2) Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y

  2. Evaluación del marcador HE4, CA125 e Índice ROMA en el diagnóstico diferencial de las masas anexiales

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Díez, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Las masas anexiales son un hallazgo común en la práctica ginecológica, y a menudo se presentan dilemas tanto en el diagnóstico como en su manejo. El fin último del manejo de las mismas es el diagnóstico precoz del cáncer de ovario, el cual presenta una supervivencia baja en estadios avanzados y frente al cual todavía no existe métodos de screening. En la actualidad, el CA125 es el marcador tumoral recomendado tanto en la Oncoguía SEGO del Cáncer Epitelial de Ovario 2014 como en las guías NCCN...

  3. Misura del ritardo accumulato dalla rotazione terrestre, DUT1, alla meridiana clementina della Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli in Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2011-01-01

    The Clementine Gnomon is a solar meridian telescope dedicated to solar astrometry operating as a giant pinhole dark camera, being the basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli the dark room. This instrument built in 1701-1702 by the will of pope Clement XI by Francesco Bianchini (1662-1729) gives solar images free from distortions, excepted atmospheric refraction, because the pinhole is opticsless. Similar historical instruments are in Florence (Duomo, by Toscanelli and Ximenes), Bologna (San Petr...

  4. Calidad de vida en pacientes con diferentes subtipos de estreñimiento de acuerdo a los criterios de ROMA III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Ruiz-López

    2015-01-01

    Conclusiones: Utilizando los cuestionarios PAC-QOL y SF-36 se identifican diferencias en la calidad de vida en los subtipos de estreñimiento. Los pacientes con la variante síndrome de intestino irritable con estreñimiento experimentan menor calidad de vida en todos los dominios evaluados.

  5. O Roma quanta fuit! Tra scenate e svarioni dell’odierno S. Uffizio. Riflessioni sul can. 1378, § 2, a proposito del caso di Martha Heizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Zanchini di Castiglionchio

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available "A CHIARE LETTERE" - CONFRONTI (di Francesco Zanchini di CastiglionchioSi sa che la nomina del card. Levada a Prefetto della Congregazione dottrinale va fatta risalire a una scelta personale di Benedetto XVI, che già l’aveva apprezzato come collaboratore durante la sua lunga presidenza del Dicastero, per poi nomiarlo suo successore, superando i dubbi insorti in Curia a proposito della mancanza, in lui, di una solida formazione accademico-teologica e canonistica. Ma perseverare diabolicum, se è vero che la sua figura ha poi inevitabilmente percorso l’intero cursus honorum della preminenza dottrinale, attraverso il meccanismo automatico, che porta l’investito anche alla presidenza della pontificia Commissione biblica, e poi della Commissione Teologica internazionale; ipoteca delicata, questa, su enti di ricerca per sé liberi, e comunque rispondenti a finalità non riconducibili a quella del controllo dottrinale.

  6. Thermal inactivation of Salmonella and E.coli 0157:H7 on Roma tomato stem scars using high-intensity infrared laser light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foodborne illness associated with contaminated produce is a continuing concern. Compared to the skin surface, stem scar areas of intact fruits and vegetables harbor more bacteria and are more resistant to chemical sanitizing processes. This study evaluated a precision thermal kill process which uses...

  7. La historia de la mujer y la historia de género en Roma Antigua : historiografía actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cándida Bengoochea Jove

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los pasos recorridos por la denominada Historia de las mujeres desde sus comienzos hasta nuestros días, así como la integración de dicho modelo teórico en el estudio de la Historia antigua, en especial con respecto a la mujer romana.An analysis will be made of the steps taken by the so-called History of Women, from its beginnings to our own days, as well as the integration of the theoretical model in the study of Ancient History, especially in what it affects the Román woman.

  8. La historia de la mujer y la historia de género en Roma Antigua : historiografía actual

    OpenAIRE

    Bengoochea Jove, María Cándida

    1998-01-01

    Se analizan los pasos recorridos por la denominada Historia de las mujeres desde sus comienzos hasta nuestros días, así como la integración de dicho modelo teórico en el estudio de la Historia antigua, en especial con respecto a la mujer romana.An analysis will be made of the steps taken by the so-called History of Women, from its beginnings to our own days, as well as the integration of the theoretical model in the study of Ancient History, especially in what it affects the Román woman.

  9. Apa l’Etrusco sbarca a Roma e passa il testimone ad Ati. Un cortometraggio tridimensionale per raccontare il santuario di Portonaccio a Veio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonsina Russo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Computer graphics movies are a favourite media for edutainment. The 3D stereoscopic short movie “Ati at the discovery of Veii” is an interesting example of philologically accurate reconstructions coupled with a communication aimed at a wide audience.  Developed by Cineca for a joint project involving the National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia and Genus Bononiae – Museum of the History of Bologna, the movie is grounded on the software Blender and a strong open source commitment.

  10. Mathematical Models of Smart Obstacles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    Matematica “G. Castelnuovo” Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2 00185 Roma Italy Ph. N. +39-06-49913282, FAX N. +39-06...Dipartimento di Matematica G. Castelnuovo Università di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2 00185 Roma Italy 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9... Matematica G. Castelnuovo Università di Roma “La Sapienza” 00185 Roma, Italy 2 Smart (or active) obstacles are obstacles that when illuminated by an

  11. The Italian Army and Effects-Based Operations: A New Concept for an Army of Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-25

    efficiently42. 41 Ministero della Difesa, Libro Bianco 2002 (Roma: Stabilimento Grafico Militare...GUARDIAN/. Internet; accessed 22 March 2006. __________. Libro Bianco 2002. Roma: Stabilimento grafico Militare, 2001. __________. Nuove Forze per un

  12. 5. Mezinárodní konference Interra: " Interkulturalita a rómska národnostná menšina v sociálnych a pedagogických súvislostiach". Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Spišská Nová Ves, Slovenská republika, 25.-26. 9. 2007

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Weinerová, Renata

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 94, č. 4 (2007), s. 411-412 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : conference * Roma * marginalisation * social exclusion * pedagogy * ethnicity * Slovak Roma Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  13. Signals from dark Universe: DAMA/LIBRA at LNGS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” and INFN, sez. Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza” and INFN, sez. Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi, Italy; IHEP, Chinese Academy, P.O. Box 918/3, Beijing 100039, China ...

  14. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” and INFN, sez. Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza” and INFN, sez. Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi, Italy; IHEP, Chinese Academy, P.O. Box 918/3, Beijing 100039, China ...

  15. Postoje romských adolescentů k zakládání manželství a rodiny

    OpenAIRE

    HAMERNÍKOVÁ, Petra

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis is about Roma adolescents, their perception of marriage and family, and their ideas about future family life. The thesis is divided into a theoretical part and a practical part. The theoretical part describes a traditional Roma family with reference to history. The theoretical part further defines modalities of marriages in Roma families, mate choice, parenthood, and current trends and changes in the organization of Roma families. The practical part is dedicated to qualit...

  16. On a Semi-Coercive Quasi-Variational Inequality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    Roma, Italy. 2Departement de Mathematique , C.P.214, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxl~e BA~q~um, sponsored by the United States Army under...di Roma, 00100 Roma, Italy. 2 Departement de Mathematique , C.P.214, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, sponsored by the United

  17. La guerra de los judíos contra Roma y las luchas internas por el control de Jerusalén : las rivalidades frente al enemigo exterior [66-70 d. C.

    OpenAIRE

    Pitillas Salañer, Eduardo

    2005-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la situación política interna de los judíos frente al enemigo exterior (las tropas de Vespasiano y de Tito, futuros emperadores) según el testimonio de Josefo.The internal politics situation of the Jewish, standing up to outside enemy (the troops of Vespasian and Titus, emperors in the near future), according to Josephus, is analyzed in this article.

  18. La guerra de los judíos contra Roma y las luchas internas por el control de Jerusalén : las rivalidades frente al enemigo exterior [66-70 d. C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Pitillas Salañer

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la situación política interna de los judíos frente al enemigo exterior (las tropas de Vespasiano y de Tito, futuros emperadores según el testimonio de Josefo.The internal politics situation of the Jewish, standing up to outside enemy (the troops of Vespasian and Titus, emperors in the near future, according to Josephus, is analyzed in this article.

  19. Congress: 50 years of the Papanicolaou test. Istituto Superiore di Sanita`. Rome, March 30, 1995; Convegno: 50 anni di Pap test. Istituto Superiore di Sanita`. Roma, 30 marzo 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Branca, Margherita; Cedri, Sabina; Migliore, Giovanna [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica

    1997-12-01

    The Conference was organized to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the cervical smear test, commonly referred to as the `Pap test` after its creator, George Nicholas Papanicolaou. The reports present the development of the test, its worldwide application, and its performance as the screening test for the detection of cervical cancer. Pap smear screening for precursors of carcinoma of the cervix has led to dramatic decrease in the incidence and deaths from this cancer. The test represents one of the greatest achievements in preventive medicine.

  20. Favelleran di te sempre le stelle Galileo, i primi Lincei e l'astronomia : Biblioteca dell'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei e Corsiniana, Roma 6 aprile - 30 giugno 2009

    CERN Document Server

    Romanello, Alessandro; Trentini, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Catalogo dell'esposizione del prezioso patrimonio custodito nella Biblioteca dell'Accademia dei Lincei, costituito da documenti manoscritti riguardanti gli esordi e da libri stampati di Galileo e su Galileo.

  1. Reinterpretation of the Artistic Conception and Early Christian, Byzantine and Romanesque Iconographic Types in Mosaics of Aletti Center (Roma: The Iconographic Program of St Paul’s College Chapel (Madrid, October 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rodríguez Velasco

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The iconography in the apse of St. Paul’s College chapel is representative of the work of the Aletti Center, a great innovator of current liturgical art. Its director, Marko Iván Rupnik, highlighting the value of symbolism, reinterprets the early Christian and medieval images through the role of color and material, considering them key to avant-garde language. In this chapel, analyzed in relation to other works from the workshop, unity between mosaic and architecture is revealed.

  2. Roma ante el cambio dinástico en la monarquía española. La consulta de Carlos II a Inocencio XII sobre la sucesión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Martín Marcos

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The problems derivated from the lack of Charles II’descendants affected the whole Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. In Italy this crisis was lived with particular intensity because an important part of its territories were controlled by the Spanish Monarchy. This article studies the role of Rome, as temporal and spiritual power, in the query maded to Innocent XII by Charles II in 1700 about the Spanish sucession.

  3. ¿Una «historia desde abajo» de la antigüedad es posible? El análisis de la historiografía sobre la Roma antigua

    OpenAIRE

    Ijalba Pérez, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of the characteristics of popular history. Origin and consolidation of the so-called «history from below», associated with British Marxism, and evaluation of its impact on the historiography of Antiquity. Assessment of the possibilities of a history from below applied to the history of ancient Rome. Análisis de las particularidades de la historia popular. Origen y consolidación de la llamada «historia desde abajo» asociada al marxismo británico, y evaluación de sus repercusiones ...

  4. La «Roma del Perú» au tournant du siècle : catholicisme, libéralisme et identité locale à Arequipa (1890-1915

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillemette Martin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude a pour fil conducteur une approche à la fois locale et discursive des tensions qui accompagnent le processus de sécularisation au Pérou au tournant des XIXe et XXe siècles, à partir de l’étude du cas, à la fois extrême et exemplaire, de la ville d’Arequipa. Durant cette période, la presse arequipénienne est le théâtre d’un débat intense entre des libéraux soucieux de faire entrer la ville dans la modernité et la frange catholique et conservatrice de la population, qui voit ce débat menacer directement le pouvoir politique et moral qu’elle exerce depuis des générations sur l’ensemble de la région. Du fait de la virulence des débats opposant libéraux et catholiques conservateurs, mais également en raison de la dimension clairement identitaire et régionaliste que prend ce conflit dans la capitale mistiana, Arequipa présente sans conteste un terrain privilégié pour analyser les limites, voire les échecs d’une sécularisation en profond décalage avec les aspirations locales.This paper proposes an approachboth local anddiscursive of the tensionsinvolved in the processof secularizationin Peruat the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries,from the case study– bothextreme andrepresentative – of Arequipa.During this period, the press of Arequipais the setting for an intense debateamong liberals, concerned about the entrance of the cityin modern times,and theconservative Catholics and, who see this debate as adirect threatto the traditional political and moral power they hadfor generationsin the region.Because of the violenceof the debates thatopposeliberaland conservative Catholics, but also because of the clear regional and identity dimension of the conflict in themistiana capital, Arequipa is certainly afertile groundfor the analysis ofthe limits,and eventhe failures of the secularizationprocesscompletely out of phase withlocal aspirations.El estudio que proponemos tiene como hilo conductor un acercamiento tanto local como discursivo a las tensiones que conlleva el proceso de secularización en el Perú en el cambio de siglo, a partir del estudio de caso, a la vez extremo y representativo, de la ciudad de Arequipa.A lo largo de este periodo, la prensa arequipeña es el marco de un debate intenso entre los liberales, preocupados por la entrada de la ciudad en la modernidad, y el bando católico y conservador, que considera el debate como una amenaza directa al poder político y moral que suele ejercer desde generaciones en la región. Debido a la violencia de los debates que oponen liberales y católicos conservadores, pero también por la dimensión claramente identitaria y regionalista que cobra el conflicto en la capital mistiana, Arequipa constituye sin duda un terreno privilegiado para analizar los límites, y hasta los fracasos de un proceso secularizador en desfase completo con las aspiraciones locales.

  5. El juego de las normas imperativas en el Reglamento Roma II sobre ley aplicable a las obligaciones no contractuales: límites a la aplicación de la lex causae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Maseda Rodríguez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes the relevance of the mandatory provisions in the field of the law applicable to non contractual obligations of the Rome II Regulation. On the one hand, the lois de police or overriding mandatory provisions of the forum, of a foreign law and of the proper lex causae, once the selection of the governing applicable law through freedom of choice rules or through those rules applicable in default of agreement. And, on the other hand, the relevance of domestic and EU provisions which cannot be derogated from by agreement under the agreement between the person claimed to be liable and the person who has sustained damage to submit non-contractual obligations to the law of their choice.

  6. Contaminaciones paganas en la imagen de los primeros emperadores cristianos en la Nueva Roma: el caso de Constantino = Pagan Influences in the Image of the First Christian Emperors in the New Rome: the Case of Constantine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Cadenas González

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El emperador Constantino ideó un nuevo modelo de imagen imperial basado en la incorporación de la simbología cristiana y la reutilización de antiguos modelos romanos y helenísticos. Este tipo de sincretismo ideológico que caracteriza la antigüedad tardía —entendiendo «ideología» en el sentido expresado por G. Dumézil— es utilizado por el emperador para su propia imagen, como se aprecia especialmente en algunos edificios y monumentos de su nueva capital, Constantinopla. En esta contribución se repasan algunos testimonios de las fuentes literarias e iconográficas sobre este particular, en el caso concreto de Constantino.The emperor Constantine designed a new model of the imperial image based upon the incorporation of Christian symbolism and the reusal of traditional Roman and Hellenistic models. This sort of ideological syncretism so characteristic of Late Antiquity —we understand here ‘ideology’ following G. Dumezil— is adopted by the emperor for his own image, as we can see especially in some buildings and monuments of his new capital, Constantinople. In this contribution we aim to review some literary and iconographic sources on this issue, in the particular case of Constantine.

  7. Diseases and their clinical heterogeneity - Are we ignoring the SNiPers and micRomaNAgers? An illustration using Beta-thalassemia clinical spectrum and fetal hemoglobin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Sankha Subhra; Mitra, Anik; Chakravorty, Nishant

    2018-01-05

    Diseases and pathological ailments are known to perplex clinicians and researchers with their varied clinical manifestations. Such variations are mostly attributed to the complex interplays between numerous molecular players and their modifiers. This complexity in turn baffles scientists further to tweak multiple players together when attempting to identify definitive therapeutic interventions. In this pursuit, researchers often tend to ignore one of the commonest known genetic variations - single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in non-coding genetic regions. In this study, we demonstrate how SNPs in critical genes and their miRNA regulators may play a crucial role in varied clinical manifestations using the beta-thalassemia clinical spectrum and fetal hemoglobin levels (HbF) as an illustration. A methodological approach using freely available bioinformatics tools was able to identify SNPs in pre-miRNA regions, pre-miRNA flanking regions and miRNA binding sites which in turn are expected to alter the translation process and thereby the expression of HbF. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Chemical and biological contamination of fish products; Contaminazione chimica e biologica dei prodotti della pesca. Corso tenuto presso l`Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Roma, 1-2 giugno 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stacchini, Angelo [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. Alimenti

    1997-03-01

    The first contribution deals with chemical contaminants, particularly heavy metals and their acceptable daily intake (ADI). The following contributions deals with sanitary measures concerning biological contamination associated with the consumption of seafood, especially shellfish, taking into consideration the epidemiological relevance of some biological contaminants in Italy and Europe. Particular sanitary aspects concerning the presence of enteric viruses in mussels are presented; new molecular biology methodologies and the different techniques for enteroviruses concentration are discussed. Some questions concerning the detection of algal bio toxins are shown, based on the experience recently acquired by the Istituto Superiore di Sanita` about the biological methods. The current chromatographic methods for PSP and DSP biotoxin determination and the most recent developments in chemical methods based on liquid chromatography and mass spectrometric techniques are presented. The last section is devoted to the parasitic contamination of seafood.

  9. Las aguas del Leteo como la única cura para una vida marcial: Trastorno de estrés postraumático y temas de la vuelta a casa del soldado en Roma de HBO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André RUI GRAÇA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Temas transversales a través de las edades, el trastorno de estrés post-traumático y los problemas relativos a la adaptación del soldado a la vida civil estaban tan presentes en la antigüedad como hoy en día. Principalmente un ensayo de estudios cinematográficos, el presente texto es un intento de comprender cómo la alusión más o menos encubierta del trastorno de estrés post-traumático en la serie Rome puede tener resonado en un público marcado por esta condición clínica, en el contexto específico de la producción americana cinematográfica de la primera beligerante década del siglo 21. A modo de introducción, primero se llevará a cabo un estudio acerca de la compleja relación que el público establece con las representaciones modernas del pasado para, posteriormente, analizar algunos puntos cruciales de la narrativa que tomamos como paradigmas ilustrativos. A través de un análisis minucioso, casi un proceso de diagnóstico, de los dos personajes principales, Pullo y Voreno, tenemos la intención de mostrar cómo representaciones del trastorno por estrés postraumático están incorporados en estos personajes y en qué medida la puesta en escena de este problema mediante un fondo de antigüedad puede ser entendida como una metáfora simbólica en el nuevo milenio.

  10. C. Ricci, Soldati e veterani nella vita cittadina dell’Italia imperiale (Urbana Species. Vita di città nell’Italia e nell’Impero romano, 1), Roma 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Redaelli, Sara

    2013-01-01

    In che misura e con quali modalità soldati semplici e veterani dell'esercito romano in età imperiale, tra I sec. a. C. e III sec. d. C., partecipavano alla vita sociale e politica delle città da cui provenivano o in cui sceglievano di stabilirsi? Questo è l'interrogativo che muove la ricerca di Cecilia Ricci, studiosa, ora docente di Storia Romana ed Epigrafia presso l'Università degli Studi del Molise, che da anni si dedica a temi quali le truppe urbane in epoca imperiale e il loro rapporto ...

  11. Tito Flavio Vespasiano y Júpiter Óptimo Máximo : la justificación propagandísticoreligiosa de una nueva dinastía imperial en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Escámez de Vera

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El ascenso a la dignidad imperial por parte de la dinastía Flavia se vio marcado profundamente por una grave crisis psicológica de la población, derivada de los diversos desastres acaecidos a lo largo de las guerras civiles enmarcadas en el denominado “Año de los cuatro emperadores” y la destrucción del templo de Júpiter. Las fuentes clásicas, la epigrafía y la iconografía numismática se convierten en este contexto en un medio de propaganda y justificación religiosa del poder político de Vespasiano y sus hijos. Vespasiano, como reconstructor del Capitolio, será identificado como el restaurador de la propia urbe, como el garante último de la voluntad de los dioses. En el siguiente trabajo trataremos, por tanto, de identificar las claves del sistema propagandístico flavio a partir de las fuentes del periodo e indagar en el modelo religioso creado expresamente para la identificación del emperador con el mantenimiento de la integridad del imperio bajo la égida de la principal divinidad del panteón romano: Júpiter Óptimo Máximo. The promotion to the imperial dignity by the Flavian dynasty was deeply marked by a severe psychological crisis of the population, derived from the various disasters that occurred during the civil wars framed in the “Year of the Four Emperors” and the destruction of the temple of Iuppiter. Classical sources, epigraphy and numismatic iconography were converted in this context in the propaganda media and religious legitimization of the political power of Vespasian and his sons. Vespasian, as rebuilder of the Capitol, will be identified as the restorer of the city itself, as the ultimate guarantor of the will of the gods. In this article we will try to identify the keys of the flavian propaganda system from the sources of the period and to investigate the religious model created specifically for the identifying the emperor with the maintaining of the integrity of the empire under the aegis of the main divinity of the Roman pantheon: Iuppiter Optimus Maximus.

  12. As mulheres não tão silenciosas de Roma: representações do feminino em Plínio, o Jovem (62 a 113 d.C)

    OpenAIRE

    Mennitti, Danieli [UNESP

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to understand feminine's representations in trajanic literature, by feminist and gender theories, between 62 AD - 113 AD. These representations are analyzed with the aim of promoting a historiographical review on the Roman women. The main objective is to analyze the representation of social and cultural roles exercised by roman women, being these compiled by men, under the assumptions of a patriarchal and masculine society Essa pesquisa visa compreender as representações...

  13. Keith E. Karlsson, Syntax and Affixation, The Evolution of MENTE in Latin and Romance, Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für roma­ nische Philologie, Band 182, M. Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen 1981,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available La linguistica romanza, "scienza-pilota" delle discipline sorelle, vanta ormai una tradizione tanto lunga e ricca che i singoli studi non  si contano più; eppure ci sono ancora domi­ ni che consentono ricerche ulteriori e conclusioni nuove (si pensi ad esempio alla monografia di H. J. Izzo sulla gorgia toscana o agli studi di P. A. Gaeng sulle iscrizioni latine cristiane - per citare solo due recenti autori fra i tanti che si possono elencare. Alla folta serie delle monografie romanze si è venuta ad aggiungere recentemente quella che qui intendia­mo recensire. L'autore, docente all'Università di Knoxville (Tennessee, USA, dedica la sua monografia ad un dominic che e da tempo nato e studiato, che dunque potrebbe parere risolto, mentre e invece ben lantana dall'essere Chiaro in tutti i Suoi aspetti. Si tratta della genesi (in latina e dell'evoluzione (negli idiomi romanzi degli avverbi formati con il morfema MENTE. L'opera di K. E. Karlsson rappresenta un contribute di notevole importanza allo studio del problema, cosa visibile anche dalla sua pubblicazione nella collana dei Beihefte alla ZrPh.

  14. The first winter solstice observed at the meridian line of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome. (Italian Title: Il primo solstizio d'inverno alla meridiana di S. Maria degli Angeli in Roma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigismondi, C.

    2014-09-01

    The great meridian line in the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome was built in 1701/1702 with the scope to measure the Obliquity of the Earth's orbit in the following eight centuries, upon the will of pope Clement XI. During the winter solstice of 1701 the first measurements of the obliquity have been realized by Francesco Bianchini, the astronomer who designed the meridian line, upgrading the similar instrument realized by Giandomenico Cassini in San Petronio, Bononia. In this paper the accuracy of the data observed by Francesco Bianchini is discussed and compared with up-to-date ephemerides. The modern situation of this historical instrument is also presented.

  15. Evaluation of HE4, CA125, risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) and risk of malignancy index (RMI) as diagnostic tools of epithelial ovarian cancer in patients with a pelvic mass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mona Aarenstrup; Sandhu, Noreen; Høgdall, Claus

    2012-01-01

    Diagnostic factors are needed to improve the currently used serum CA125 and risk of malignancy index (RMI) in differentiating ovarian cancer (OC) from other pelvic masses, thereby achieving precise and fast referral to a tertiary center and correct selection for further diagnostics. The aim...

  16. Juvenile marriages, child-brides and infant mortality among Serbian gypsies

    OpenAIRE

    Čvorović Jelena

    2011-01-01

    Gypsies/Roma make up the largest minority in Europe. Roma communities tend to be segregated and characterized by poverty, unemployment, poor education, and poor quality housing. So far, the European strategy for Gypsy/Roma integration proved insufficient because it fails to account to the normative nature of the isolationist and ethnocentric nature of certain elements of Gypsy culture, as well as the deep and mutual distrust between Gypsies and non-Gypsies within European countries. In ...

  17. Negative attitudes related to violence against women: gender and ethnic differences among youth living in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djikanovic, Bosiljka; Stamenkovic, Željka; Mikanovic, Vesna Bjegovic; Vukovic, Dejana; Gordeev, Vladimir S; Maksimovic, Natasa

    2017-09-15

    This study aimed to identify to what extent negative attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women are present among young women and men living in Serbia, in Roma and non-Roma settlements. We used the data from the 2010 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted in Serbia, for the respondents who were 15-24 years old. Regression analyses were used to examine the association between judgmental attitudes, socio-demographic factors and life satisfaction. In Roma settlements, 34.8% of men and 23.6% of women believed that under certain circumstances men are justified to be violent towards wives, while among non-Roma it was 5.6 and 4.0%, respectively. These negative attitudes were significantly associated with lower educational level, lower socio-economic status and being married. In multivariate model, in both Roma and non-Roma population women who were not married were less judgmental, while the richest Roma men were least judgmental (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.18-0.87). Violence prevention activities have to be focused on promoting gender equality among youth in vulnerable population groups such as Roma, especially through social support, strengthening their education and employment.

  18. 2018-02-10T20:38:11Z https://www.ajol.info/index.php/all/oai oai:ojs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... P.O. Roma 180, Roma, Lesotho, Southern Africa Niclosamide, Electrochemical oxidation, Cyclic voltammetry, Square wave voltammetry, Glassy carbon electrode, Determination of niclosamide Cyclic voltammetry, square-wave voltammetry and controlled potential electrolysis have been used to study the electrochemical ...

  19. RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach Guide now online | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... After a decade of work developing the Outcome Mapping Approach, IDRC has played an important role in the development of ROMA, an adaptation of IDRC's original outcome mapping research. ROMA: A guide to policy engagement and influence, has been released by the Overseas Development Institute ...

  20. A relativistic quark–diquark model for the nucleon

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    3INFN, Sezione di Roma, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185, Roma, Italy. *Corresponding author. E-mail: Maurizio. ... perturbative way the kinetic energy relativistic correction that was not considered previously. Furthermore, we use a ... energy correction can give a good description of the baryonic spectrum. Finally, we calculate in the ...

  1. Technologies for Propelled Hypersonic Flight Volume 2 - Subgroup 2: Scram Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    R. Schwane, ESTEC ITALY S. Borrelli , CIRA C. Bruno, Univ. Roma D. D’Ambrosio, Univ. Torino L. Guerra, ALENIA M. Onofri, Univ. Roma M...Dynamic Range Enhancement of Optical Multichannel Detectors,” Applied Optics, July 15, 1983. 9 Table Curve 3D Version 3.0 User’s Manual , AISN

  2. RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach Guide now online | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-04-27

    Apr 27, 2016 ... After a decade of work developing the Outcome Mapping Approach, IDRC has played an important role in the development of ROMA, an adaptation of IDRC's original outcome mapping research. ROMA: A guide to policy engagement and influence, has been released by the Overseas Development Institute ...

  3. Technical Communications in Urban Operations (Les communications techniques en operations urbaines)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    SCUTI – Scuola Trasmissioni ed Informatica dell’Esercito Italiano Via dei Genieri, 287, 00143-Roma Cecchignola Email: Mario.DiStefano@selex...comms.com Lt. Fabrizio LAMBIASE SCUTI – Scuola Trasmissioni ed Informatica dell’Esercito Italiano Via dei Genieri, 287, 00143 Roma Cecchignola

  4. Presentation of the volume “Scritti africani”, by Antonino di Vita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attilio Mastino

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Presentation of the book Antonio Di Vita, Scritti africani, a cura di Maria Antonietta Rizzo Di Vita e Ginette Di Vita Evrard, Collana Monografie di Archeologia libica XXXVIII 2015, L’Erma di Bretschneider, Roma. Roma, 6 ottobre 2016 – Istituto Nazionale di Studi Romani, Piazza Cavalieri di Malta, 2

  5. Numerical Solution of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations in High Dimension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    high dimension FA9550-10-1-0029 Maurizio Falcone Dipartimento di Matematica SAPIENZA-Universita di Roma P. Aldo Moro, 2 00185 ROMA AH930...solution of Hamilton-Jacobi equations in high dimension AFOSR contract n. FA9550-10-1-0029 Maurizio Falcone Dipartimento di Matematica SAPIENZA

  6. Blue or Red? Why Do Categories Attract?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moree, Dana; Vávrová, Tereza; Felcmanová, Alena

    2017-01-01

    A group of Roma and non-Roma participants worked on the topic of ethnicity and its influence on individuals' lives, using the Theatre of the Oppressed method. The group process was analyzed by means of ethnographic research and was perceived by the researchers as a process of formulating the research question. Interaction between the audience and…

  7. High Energy Phenomena in Eta Carinae Roberto F. Viotti , Lucio ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    e-mail: uvspace@ias.rm.cnr.it. 2Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, 00040 Monte Porzio, Italy. 3ASI Science Data Centre, ESA-ESRIN, 00044 Frascati, Italy. 4Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit`a La Sapienza, 00185 Roma, Italy. .... In this regard, we recall that the most recent CHANDRA observations have also suggested that ...

  8. La comunicación política online. Cómo utilizar la web para crear consenso y estimular la participación

    OpenAIRE

    Roveda Hoyos, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Gianluca Giansante es investigador, consultor político y estratega digital. En la actualidad es responsable de la estrategia digital y de relaciones con los ciudadanos de la región de Lazio, en Roma. Es Doctor en Comunicación Política de la Universidad Spienza de Roma.

  9. A relativistic quark–diquark model for the nucleon

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Cristian Leonardo Gutierrez1 Maurizio De Sanctis2 3. Universidad Pedagóogica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja, Boyacá, Colombia; Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia; INFN, Sezione di Roma, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185, Roma, Italy ...

  10. Doubling Syndemics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnbøl, Camilla Ida

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates health concerns and access to health services for Roma from Romania who live in homelessness in Copenhagen, Denmark. They collect refundable bottles and call themselves “badocari,” which in Romanian refers to “people who work with bottles.” Homeless Roma in Denmark have...

  11. Effects of Staking and Row-Spacing on the Yield of Tomato ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... in the close spaced rows. Staking increased the yield of Roma VF cultivar of tomato. Thus under Sokoto condition, farmers can use 40 cm row-spacing (60 cm plant-spacing) to obtain a good yield of Roma VF cultivar. Staking could be practiced to increase the yield of tomato. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science Vol.

  12. Comparative study of the electronic structure of natural and synthetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Comparative study of the electronic structure of natural and synthetic rubies using XAFS and EDAX analyses ... Electronics and Engineering Research Institute, Pilani 333 031, India; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma, “La Sapienza”, 00185 P,le A.Moro, Roma, Italy; Gem Testing Laboratory, Jaipur 302 003, India ...

  13. Impact of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth, fruit yield ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fruit yield obtained with Ogbomoso local was 45 and 56% higher than what was obtained for Roma VF and Califonia wonder, respectively. In terms of vitamin C content, Roma VF fertilized with 50% NPK + 50% TC gave the highest value which is 23 to 67% higher than values obtained from the other treatment combinations.

  14. Subjective social status and intergroup attitudes among ethnic majority and minority children in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feddes, A.R.; Monteiro, M.B.; Justo, M.G.

    2014-01-01

    A measure of subjective social status (SSS) was examined among high (White), and low (Black and Roma) ethnic status children in Portugal within a developmental design including 6-8-year-old and 9-12-year-old children. White children favoured their ingroup over the Black and Roma out-groups on the

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Cristian Leonardo Gutierrez1 Maurizio De Sanctis2 3. Universidad Pedagóogica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja, Boyacá, Colombia; Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia; INFN, Sezione di Roma, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185, Roma, Italy ...

  16. Charleso Dickenso kūrybos recepcija Lietuvoje: sceninės adaptacijos ir kritikų vertinimas (II dalis. The Lithuanian Reception of Charles Dickens: Theatrical Adaptations and Critical Response to them (Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Rudaitytė

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Theatrical productions are always an important aspect in the reception of any author in any country. They are instrumental in promoting the writer and his work, in bringing it closer to the ordinary readership. Particularly so in Lithuania which has a long and lively theatrical tradition of more than 400 years. The Kaunas State Theatre established in 1922 became an important centre in the cultural life of Lithuania and was the only professional theatre organization in Lithuania until 1931, which dramatized and performed Dickens’s works, among others. Stage adaptations played an important role in the reception of Dickens’s art, particularly in the inter-war period in the 1920s and 1930s: they were instrumental in the promotion of Dickensian image, in the dissemination of his writing and in enhancing its popularity; thus Dickens’s name became firmly entrenched in the Lithuanian cultural context. For general readers and theatre audiences Dickens became the most famous, the most representative and the most popular English writer, regarded as an iconic figure in English literature, in stature competing only with Shakespeare.The first theatre production of Dickens’s work in Lithuania was A Christmas Carol; it was put on stage by the famous director Antanas Sutkus in 1927. It was followed by stage adaptations of The Chimes, Oliver Twist and The Cricket on the Hearth.A theatrical production of Dickens’s novel The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club was put on stage on September 29, 2002. Adapted and directed by the actor Sigitas Račkys in early twenty-first century at the Klaipėda Drama Theatre, it really came as a surprise given the temper and tenor of the times which are not very favourable for the reception of Dickens’s writing. And, naturally, the response to it was ambivalent and controversial.By all evidence, the performance was probably not a very successful attempt at the stage production of Dickens’s Pickwick in spite of the

  17. A novel jig arm to measure tibial plateau angle during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restle, Kyle N; Biskup, Jeffery J

    2017-10-01

    To determine the ability of a novel device attached to the proximal tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) jig pin to accurately predict intraoperative change in tibial plateau angle (TPA). In vitro cadaveric study. Left hindlimbs of adult dogs (n = 9). A modified Slocum tibial plateau leveling (TPL) jig with the Rotational Osteotomy Measuring Arm (ROMA) was placed on the tibia and a radial TPLO osteotomy was performed. Based on preoperative radiographic TPA measurements, the proximal segment was rotated using the traditional method of marking points on the osteotomy a specified distance apart. After rotation, the predicted TPA was recorded based on the ROMA. Postoperative TPA was measured on radiographs. The ability of the ROMA to predict postoperative TPA was compared to that of the traditional method. The average final TPA achieved with the traditional method was 6.4° (range, 3.0-10.0°). The ROMA predicted a final TPA of 5.8° (range, 3.8-10.1°). No significant difference was found between the TPA predicted based on the traditional method and ROMA method. The ROMA may be an alternative to the traditional method of measuring proximal segment rotation during TPLO procedure. Performing a TPLO with the ROMA may accurately predict the postoperative TPA while eliminating the need for measuring chord length, making reference marks, or referencing TPA charts for various osteotomy blade sizes. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  18. Illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Tav. I – Lex finium (di età flavia ?) di Fuentes de Ropel (Zamora, Spagna). – Foto : gentile concessione del Museo de Zamora, Spagna, inv. n. 87/20/1. Tav. II – La pianta di una erogazione acquaria, un tempo in S. Maria del priorato (Aventino), Roma, secondo R. Fabretti (De aquis, Roma 1680). Tav. III – Pianta (proveniente da Roma, probabilmente) del Museo di Perugia. – Foto : per gentile concessione della Soprintendenza Arch. dell’Umbria. Tav. IV – La « pianta di Via della Polveriera » (C...

  19. Tugev ja isikupärane Catalano

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sanitaarkeraamikat tootvast Itaalia ettevõttest Catalano, mis tegutseb 1967. aastast. 2007. a. saab tootmisküpseks uus kollektsioon "Roma". Eestis on alates 2002. aastast Catalano ametlikuks maaletoojaks Gerhard OÜ

  20. ‘We don’t talk Gypsy here’: Minority language policies in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    New William S.

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The Roma constitute an ideal case of educational injustice meeting linguistic difference, racism, social marginalization, and poverty. This paper asks whether human-rights or capabilities approaches are best suited to address issues related to the language education of Roma students in Europe. These children are disadvantaged by not growing up with the standard dialect of whatever language is preferred by the mainstream population, and by the low status of the Romani language, and non-standard dialect of the standard language they usually speak. We examine language education for Roma students in Croatia, the Czech Republic, and Bulgaria, describing similarities and differences across contexts. We explain weak and strong version of language rights arguments, and the ways these principles are expressed, and not expressed in education policies. Sen’s capabilities approach can be employed to generate contextualized visions of education reform that speak directly to disadvantages suffered by Roma children.

  1. Communiquer à travers la terre avec des neutrinos: ça marche!

    CERN Multimedia

    Sacco, Laurent

    2007-01-01

    Neutrinos, created at CERN, have been catched near Roma after an 732 km underground journey. The experiment concernes initially fundamental physics but some people suggested to use neutrinos to communicate remotely, even to look for petrol. (2,5 pages)

  2. Külalisesinejate sõnavõtud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Ettekandjad: Elisabeth Arnold, Dirk van der Maelen, FranciscoTorres, JiriMashtalka, Demetrios Syllouris, Karoly Lotz, Uwe Gehlen, Michael Sahlin, Tony Gregory, Roma Dovydeniene, Janusz Lewandowski, Ekkehard Pabsch, Jelko Kacir, Jean-Jacques Subrenat, Savas Tsitouridis, Alfred E. Kellermann

  3. Socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity as determinants of regional mortality rates in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosicova, Katarina; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Rosic, Martin; Zezula, Ivan; Groothoff, Johan W.

    Regional differences in mortality might reflect socioeconomic and ethnic differences between regions. The present study examines the relationship between education, unemployment, income, Roma population and regional mortality in the Slovak Republic. Separately for males and females, data on

  4. Storia, precariato e criminalità. La narrativa italiana racconta la politica contemporanea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Chirumbolo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di: Claudia Boscolo e Stefano Jossa (a cura di, Scritture di resistenza. Sguardi politici dalla narrativa italiana contemporanea, Roma, Carocci Editore, 2014, 204 p. ISBN: 9788843074143, € 16,00.

  5. Concluding remarks: The scientist that lived three times

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maiani, L.

    2014-01-01

    The highlights of the conference: The Legacy of Bruno Pontecorvo: the Man and the Scientist, held in Roma, Universita' 'La Sapienza', 11-12 September, 2013, are summarized and illustrated.

  6. Postkolonialismus a dekolonizace. Základní vymezení a inspirace pro sociální vědy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lánský, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 1 (2014), s. 41-60 ISSN 1214-813X Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : decolonial turn * labour * postcolonial theory * racism * Roma * social exclusion Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  7. Dělnický dům a proměny sociálně vyloučené oblasti : Případová studie lokality Brno-Cejl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pospíšilová, Jana; Brožovičová, K.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 13, č. 1 (2015), s. 157-176 ISSN 1429-0618 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Socially excluded areas * Upper and Lower Cejl * Brno * Ethnology * Urban renovation * Roma inhabitants * Anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology

  8. Konference "Sociální začleňování v Česku - nejlepší praxe", 24. 10. 2012, Radiopalác, Praha

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Weinerová, Renata

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 99, č. 4 (2012), s. 483-484 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Roma * Gypsies * social inclusion * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology Impact factor: 0.094, year: 2012

  9. WELCOME TO INCLUSIVE EDUCATION!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian RĂDUCANU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the specific problems of young Roma who are confronted in schools with a false equality of opportunities in education and a type of positive discrimination which does not help. Starting from the historical, social and economic background of this group, a few personal arguments of the author are expressed, formed on the basis of his long experience in mixed classes of Romanian and Roma pupils. The paper contains a proposal, a few activities applicable to this ethnic group. At the end of the article, the author brings some recommendations for improving the performance of young Roma and the relationship with these youngsters for a pleasant, balanced, relaxed school climate, based on those cultural values understood and accepted by the Roma.

  10. Folk Music, Song and Dance in Bohemia and Moravia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vejvoda, Zdeněk

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 3 (2007), s. 14-23 ISSN 1211-0264 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : Traditional Music * Roma Folk Music * Bagpipe * Dulcimer * Folklorism Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  11. Role "černé" kultury a identita romského dítěte

    OpenAIRE

    Kýnlová, Barbora

    2016-01-01

    Empirically based theses deals with the cultural identification of Roma children. Its purpose is to explore the cultural orientation of Roma children and to clarify the role of "black" culture at a cultural identification, especially in the field of music. The theoretical part is divided into a psychological sociological and cultural anthropological part. In each of them summarizes the findings from their perspective provides the theoretical basis for understanding the key concepts of researc...

  12. TREC Microblog 2012 Track: Real-Time Algorithm for Microblog Ranking Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Mining Text Data. 2012. [5] D. Feltoni. Twittersa: un sistema per l’analisi del sentimento nelle reti sociali. Master’s thesis, Roma Tre University...such as information about the tweet and the user profile. We collected those tweets by means of web crawler and extract several features from the raw...AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS( ES ) Roma Tre University,Department

  13. Numerical Optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS Dipartimento di Matematica -G.--iattelnuoz .’ Universita di Roma "La Sapienze" rlnlRr% Pnmaq (Tt-al’g) I$. CONTROLLING...guaranteed. 3. Adminisrtrative actions The following investigators are working on the contract: (i) Francesco Zirilli Dipartimento di Matematica "G...Castelnuovo" Universiti di Roma "La Sapienza" 00185 Romna (Italy) (ii) Filippo Aluffi-Pentini Dipartimento di Matematica Universiti di Barn 80125 Bari (Italy

  14. The Romani People and Selected Churches in Slovakia: a description, analysis, and interpretation of their relations (1989-2007)

    OpenAIRE

    Robertson, G.R.

    2009-01-01

    The Romani People of Slovakia are marginalized in all areas of society including the church. The hypothesis of this study is that the influence of Christianity reduces the prejudicial marginalization of the Roma, providing them with a non-syncretistic faith that enables them to participate more readily within the selected churches of Slovakia. Two preliminary questions were asked prior to two main research questions. The first preliminary question asked what place the Roma occupy in Slovakia—...

  15. Proceedings of the ISTVS (International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems) Workshop on Measurement and Evaluation of Tire Performance under Winter Conditions, Alta, Utah, 11-14 April 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    Tire, Canada 86 Argyle Drive Gen. Valentino Romano - Kirkland, Quebec Gorpo Tecnico Esercito Italiano Canada H9H 3H8 Via Antonio Scarpa 18 00161 ROMA...TECHNOLOGY FROM THE ITALIAN ARMY General Valentino Romano Corpo Tecnico Esercito Italiano, Via Antonio Scarpa 18, 00161 Roma, ITALY I perceive some problems...from the Italian Army (General V. Romano ) .............................................................. 153 Session IV: Predictive Performance Modeling

  16. WELCOME TO INCLUSIVE EDUCATION!

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian RĂDUCANU

    2017-01-01

    This article is dedicated to the specific problems of young Roma who are confronted in schools with a false equality of opportunities in education and a type of positive discrimination which does not help. Starting from the historical, social and economic background of this group, a few personal arguments of the author are expressed, formed on the basis of his long experience in mixed classes of Romanian and Roma pupils. The paper contains a proposal, a few activities applicable to this ethni...

  17. Reseña de Toner, J. (2012 Sesenta Millones de Romanos. La cultura del pueblo en la Antigua Roma. Barcelona: Crítica. Traducción de Luis Noriega, Título original, Popular Culture in Ancient Rome. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2009, pp. 363.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Gerardi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo comento el contenido y el enfoque del libro de Jerry Toner, director de estudios clásicos en el Hughes Hall College de la Universidad de Cambridge, quien en Sesenta millones de romanos… estudia y caracteriza la cultura popular como un conjunto de estrategias empleadas por el pueblo romano para enfrentar los desafíos de la vida cotidiana.

  18. Castilian Appearance as perceived in Spain and in Rome. Image, Material Culture and Comparative Life Percepciones de la apariencia castellana dentro de España y en Roma. Imagen, cultura material y estilos de vida comparados a finales del Antiguo Régimen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Máximo GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The values of Enlightenment gave way to a different «culture of appearances» clearly expressed in dressing trends; thus the social and economic exteriorization of garments came to be the scenario for ideological struggle. Was the mental, socioeconomic and political development of the Castilian bourgeoisie adapted to the European pace or were these transformations in material culture, image and demand taken on belatedly, limited in their sociological scope and with fluctuations, showing more attachment to tradition than a step into modernity? Was the Spanish model of such changes similar to the increase in consumerism of the English nobility, did it follow the Romer or Parisian trends, or should we compare it with the bourgeoisie of Lisbon? The conclusion: changes and continuations: very different if we analyse the belongings of the privileged class along with those of the majority of the population. The slow growth of the urban middle class in the inland peninsula was slowing down the appearance of a new materialist civilization with more consumer habits, a fact that would hinder the relationship between the growth of demand and the origins of individualism. Its peculiarity lay in the slow speed of this transformation, which only became established around 1830.Alentada por los nuevos valores ilustrados, se alimentaba otra «cultura de las apariencias», expresada claramente en el vestido. Así, la exteriorización económica y social del atuendo llegó a ser, finalmente, escenario de lucha ideológica. ¿La evolución mental, socioeconómica y política urbana castellana durante el XVIII se adecuaba al devenir europeo o se produjeron todas esas transformaciones en la demanda y la cultura material con retraso, limitadas sociológicamente y con numerosas fluctuaciones que mostraban más permanencias tradicionales que modernidad? ¿El modelo español de aquellos cambios se ajustaba al incremento del consumo nobiliario inglés, seguía el romano o parisino o cabría compararlo con el burgués lisboeta? Cambios y permanencias. Muy diferentes cuando analizamos los enseres de los privilegiados o los de la mayoría de la población, y las imágenes que ofrecen. El lento crecimiento de los sectores intermedios urbanos en el interior peninsular retardaba la difusión de una nueva civilización material más consumista, lo que forzosamente entorpecía la relación entre ampliación de la demanda y nacimiento del individualismo. Su peculiaridad se vinculaba a la lentitud de su transformación, sólo asentada hacia 1830.

  19. Rome Lost and Found: A Review of Piranesi and the Campus Martius: The Missing Corso – Topography and Archaeology in Eighteenth-Century Rome/Piranesi e il Campo Marzio: Il corso che non c’era – Topografia e archeologia nella Roma del XVIII secolo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Maier

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Joseph Connors’ study of Giovanni Battista Piranesi’s 'Campus Martius '(1762 is a lively and wide-ranging study in a small package. The primary focus is the centerpiece of Piranesi’s volume: his famous 'Ichnographia 'or plan-map of the Campus Martius in Rome, a grand and intricate foldout etching that has long fascinated scholars. Connors demonstrates that personal observation and archaeological research fed Piranesi’s imagination rather than being at odds with it. In the process, he furnishes a singular glimpse into the mind and thought process of this most alluring of paper architects.

  20. Antonio Maria Baggio (ed.), Adriana Cossedu, Paolo Giusta, Rodrigo Mardones Z. y Antonio Márquez Prieto, Caino e i suoi fratelli. Il fondamento relazionale nella politica e nel diritto, Città Nuova, Roma, 2012, 247 págs.

    OpenAIRE

    María Salas Porras

    2013-01-01

    Los estudios recogidos en este volumen intentan reinterpretar los fundamentos de la Política y del Derecho, enmarcados en el horizonte relacional que la fraternidad les abre. Desde esta perspectiva, la fraternidad asume una relevancia política y jurídica en la medida en que se la entienda sustancialmente ligada a la libertad y a la igualdad. Cada una de las tres categorías, en la medida en que sean consideradas conjuntamente, llegan a adquirir su propio significado a través de la relación con...

  1. Antonio Maria Baggio (ed., Adriana Cossedu, Paolo Giusta, Rodrigo Mardones Z. y Antonio Márquez Prieto, Caino e i suoi fratelli. Il fondamento relazionale nella politica e nel diritto, Città Nuova, Roma, 2012, 247 págs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Salas Porras

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios recogidos en este volumen intentan reinterpretar los fundamentos de la Política y del Derecho, enmarcados en el horizonte relacional que la fraternidad les abre. Desde esta perspectiva, la fraternidad asume una relevancia política y jurídica en la medida en que se la entienda sustancialmente ligada a la libertad y a la igualdad. Cada una de las tres categorías, en la medida en que sean consideradas conjuntamente, llegan a adquirir su propio significado a través de la relación con las otras. El redescubrimiento de la fraternidad significa por tanto volver a proponer el "tríptico" entero, para recuperar, a través del mismo, el proyecto humanísitico de la modernidad, y liberarnos del destino del conflicto radical al que nuestro tiempo parece condenado: Caín no sólo ha matado a su hermano, sino que también ha fundado la primera ciudad, es decir, el lugar donde la violencia se ve confinada por el gobierno y por las leyes. Abrir el Derecho al horizonte de la fraternidad significa, hoy, llevar la racionalidad jurídica más allá de la mera racionalidad técnica; permitir renovar la relación jurídica, volver a encontrar sus fundamentos humanísticos, redescubriendo una justicia que reconcilia y reconstruye, fortificando el vínculo social. Considerar la fraternidad una categoría política significa poder emitir juicios políticos, capaces de producir un pensamiento político a través de la óptica de la fraternidad; se abandonan así las lógicas de la ideología, para intentar construir una forma de pensamiento en disposición de pasar, de una idea intuitiva de fraternidad, a una definición que la haga operativa, "operacionalizable". Es una tarea que no corresponde hoy a una sola disciplina, sino que interesa a todo el conjunto de los ya numerosos estudiosos que se han enrolado en este frente, interactuando entre sí de manera interdisiciplinar y abriendo un camino en el cual resulte posible, a todos los que han abrazado un humanismo y un ideal político, encontrar las mejores razones de su esperanza.

  2. Positive parenting attitudes and practices in three transitional Eastern European countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovic, Marija; Vasic, Vladimir; Petrovic, Oliver; Santric-Milicevic, Milena

    2016-06-01

    To identify potential predictors of using only non-violent forms of discipline for children aged 2-14 years and of being against physical punishment among Roma and non-Roma parents/caregivers in Eastern European countries with similar cultural-historical backgrounds. UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data collected in 2010-2011 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Serbia (total of 9973 respondents) were analysed using multivariate logistic regression modelling with receiver operating characteristic analysis. Approximately 27 % of the respondents practiced only non-violent child discipline. Roma children experienced only non-violent discipline less than half as often as their non-Roma counterparts. Household wealth index and child sex were significant predictors of positive parenting attitudes and practice. For Roma respondents, rural residence also contributed to being against physical punishment. Parents\\caregivers from more affluent households are more likely than those who are less affluent to be against physical punishment of children and are more likely to practice only non-violent discipline. Evidence-based interventions are required to support existing positive forms of child rearing. These should target less affluent households from Roma settlements in the studied countries.

  3. Securing a Right to Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Abstract A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d’insertion—integration villages—for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a “healthy space” for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from “unhealthy slums.” This article is based on ethnographic research among residents of an integration village and a number of unauthorized encampments in Strasbourg, France. This article analyzes the village d’insertion as a contemporary setting where the uneven medical citizenship of Roma migrants in France is being articulated in relation to wider debates about Roma inclusion in Europe. Ultimately, the village d’insertion is a local manifestation of state power, where the division between those deserving and undeserving of public support is reconfigured through the provision and exclusion of access to rights such as health care and shelter. PMID:29302162

  4. Intergenerational relations in romany families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hepnarova G. Caltova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents partial results of the research focusing on education and protection of children in Roma families. The Roma family is regarded as a specifically closed border system. The type of family life organization is presentedin front of view of dominant values. The focus is on heavily represented values, especially esteem, solidarity end equality. Those values affect behaviour of family members and organize relations between the children and parents. The main aim of this paper is to present particularity of Roma community and specifics of relationships. The paper deals with fractional results of qualitative research project, the research survey was carried out in the year 2012, it was done as a field survey. The information, obtained on the nature of educational processes and directions of education, allowed us to crystallize key values passed in Roma families. In this paper, we focus mainly on the value of interpersonal relationships and maintaining compliance which are strongly represented in the educational efforts of Roma parents. The starting point of our considerations became the concept of values of G. Hofstede, who in his concept of value orientation reflects the cultural specifics. Above all, we focus on the values associated with collective cultures, which Roma belong to.

  5. Women, motherhood and early childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnbøl, Camilla Ida

    This paper explores the question of how Roma women’s situation influences Roma children’s survival, growth and development in the early years. It focuses specifically on the barriers and opportunities for action that Roma women experience and how these influence their possibilities to engage in e...... an assessment of the mothers’ capacity to internalize and act upon advice. It is argued that supporting Roma women’s access to human rights is likely to have positive outcomes for the women and their families, especially the young children...... in efforts for their young children. The paper adopts the perspective that in poor and socially excluded Roma communities, young children’s survival, growth and development cannot be addressed effectively if the rights of women are overlooked. Roma women navigate in contexts where they, as women, experience...... multiple barriers to their agency in particular due to multiple forms of discrimination and living in poverty on the margins of society. In such contexts of disempowerment, programme responses are likely to meet with limited success if they seek to teach mothers about child care and rearing, without...

  6. PREFACE: Young Researcher Meeting in Rome 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Fabio; Cattani, Giordano; Mazzaferro, Luca; Migliaccio, Marina; Pietrobon, Davide; Ricci Pacifici, Daniel; Stellato, Francesco; Veneziani, Marcella

    2012-10-01

    Conference logo At its third edition, the Young Researcher Meeting in Rome (YRMR) proves to be a growing event in the Italian scientific panorama. The high-quality content of the abstracts submitted to the scientific committee resulted in an exciting conference, held, for the second time, at the University of Rome 'Tor Vergata' on 20 January 2012. A busy schedule covered a large variety of cutting-edge science topics: fundamental interactions, particle physics, cosmology, astrophysics, condensed matter and biomedical physics. The broad range of the subjects discussed is the distinctive feature of the YRMR, a meeting aimed at enhancing the synergy among complementary branches of science by stimulating a fruitful exchange between theoretical, experimental and computational physics. Promoting collaborations between PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and young researchers creates a solid scientific network with an open-minded approach to discovery. In this volume, we collect the contributions that have been presented both in the form of talks and of posters. YRMR Organising and Editorial Committee Fabio Agostini (fabio.agostini@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Giordano Cattani (giordano.cattani@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Luca Mazzaferro (luca.mazzaferro@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Marina Migliaccio (migliaccio@ifca.unican.es) Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Edificio Juan Jorda, Avenida de los Castros, E-39005 Santander, Cantabria Spain Davide Pietrobon (davide.pietrobon@jpl.nasa.gov) Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology 4800 Oak Grove Drive 169-237 91109 Pasadena, CA USA Daniel Ricci Pacifici

  7. Does risk for ovarian malignancy algorithm excel human epididymis protein 4 and ca125 in predicting epithelial ovarian cancer: A meta-analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Fake; Tie, Ruxiu; Chang, Kai; Wang, Feng; Deng, Shaoli; Lu, Weiping; Yu, Lili; Chen, Ming

    2012-01-01

    Risk for Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) and Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) appear to be promising predictors for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), however, conflicting results exist in the diagnostic performance comparison among ROMA, HE4 and CA125. Remote databases (MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov) and full texts bibliography were searched for relevant abstracts. All studies included were closely assessed with the QUADAS-2 (Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2). EOC predictive value of ROMA was systematically evaluated, and comparison among the predictive performances of ROMA, HE4 and CA125 were conducted within the same population. Sensitivity, specificity, DOR (diagnostic odds ratio), LR ± (positive and negative likelihood ratio) and AUC (area under receiver operating characteristic-curve) were summarized with a bivariate model. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were used to explore the heterogeneity. Data of 7792 tests were retrieved from 11 studies. The overall estimates of ROMA for EOC predicting were: sensitivity (0.89, 95% CI 0.84-0.93), specificity (0.83, 95% CI 0.77-0.88), and AUC (0.93, 95% CI 0.90-0.95). Comparison of EOC predictive value between HE4 and CA125 found, specificity: HE4 (0.93, 95% CI 0.87-0.96) > CA125 (0.84, 95% CI 0.76-0.90); AUC: CA125 (0.88, 95% CI 0.85-0.91) > HE4 (0.82, 95% CI 0.78-0.85). Comparison of OC predictive value between HE4 and CA125 found, AUC: CA125 (0.89, 95% CI 0.85-0.91) > HE4 (0.79, 95% CI 0.76-0.83). Comparison among the three tests for EOC prediction found, sensitivity: ROMA (0.86, 95%CI 0.81-0.91) > HE4 (0.80, 95% CI 0.73-0.85); specificity: HE4 (0.94, 95% CI 0.90-0.96) > ROMA (0.84, 95% CI 0.79-0.88) > CA125 (0.78, 95%CI 0.73-0.83). ROMA is helpful for distinguishing epithelial ovarian cancer from benign pelvic mass. HE4 is not better than CA125 either for EOC or OC prediction. ROMA is promising predictors of

  8. Inconvenient Human Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Natasha

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Following an increase in Roma migration under the European “freedom of movement” laws, Swedish municipalities initiated more than 80 evictions of informal Roma settlements on the grounds of poor sanitation between 2013 and 2016. These evictions echo policies from earlier in the 20th century, when Roma living in Sweden were often marginalized through the denial of access to water and sanitation facilities. The recent Swedish evictions also follow similar government actions across Europe, where Roma settlements are controlled through the denial of access to water and sanitation. However, access to water and sanitation—central aspects of human health—are universal human rights that must be available to all people present in a jurisdiction, regardless of their legal status. The evictions described here violated Sweden’s obligations under both European and international human rights law. More positive government responses are required, such as providing shelters or camping sites, setting up temporary facilities, and directly engaging with communities to address water and sanitation issues. The authors conclude by providing guidance on how states and municipalities can meet their human rights obligations with respect to water and sanitation for vulnerable Roma individuals and informal settlements in their communities. PMID:29302163

  9. INTERETHNIC CONTACT IN THE CONTEXT TO GYPSY MINORITY IN PREADOLESCENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Sonsoles Sánchez-Muros Lozano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available As part of an ethnographic study in public primary schools, in environments where majority and Roma minority have lived together for centuries, is explored in everyday discourse, the key factors of the social construction of the category, as well as early attitudes in the process of interethnic interaction in the classroom. The analysis of multiple data (discourse, proxemics classroom and sociometric networks in a simple of 40 non-Roma students between 11-14 years old, in municipalities with high concentrations of Roma population, shows significant qualitative contrasts in ethnic prejudice. Categorizations, attitudes and processes of interethnic inclusion or exclusion are arbitrate by social factors that facilitate or reduced the development of ethnic prejudice in this critical learning period.

  10. “You Are a Mysterious Animal, You Know”: Eco-philosophy in Sonya Hartnett’s The Midnight Zoo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yarova, Aliona

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In non-realist children’s literature, animals tend to be employed as a means of representing human issues to the extent that the animal qualities of the animal can become invisible. Despite this trend, literary animals can also inform readers about animal issues along with the meta-phoric message they supposedly carry. In Sonya Hartnett’s The Midnight Zoo, the role of animals is twofold: firstly, animals metaphorically represent human relationships – more specifically the bigotry towards the Roma as ‘other’ – and, secondly, the animals directly stand for the actual animals who are mistreated according to the same principle: for their ‘otherness’ to humans. This article adopts an eco-philosophical perspective to examine how The Midnight Zoo effectively intertwines human intolerance of other humans (the Roma with human actions towards animals to suggest that humans treat the (natural world as the Nazis treated the Roma during World War II.

  11. Approaches to the detection of ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgdall, Estrid

    2016-01-01

    of patients with OC. Approaches to detect OC may be based on a gynecological examination, an elevated serum CA125 level, a Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) higher than 200, an elevated serum HE4 level, or other modalities such as Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA), Risk of Ovarian Cancer Algorithm...... the Curve (AUC) of 0.920 for CA125, 0.933 for HE4 and 0.946 for ROMA. The ROC curves of OC versus benign ovarian tumors shows that the CPH-I (AUC = 0.959) is equivalent with RMI (AUC = 0.958).  Conclusion: Both ROMA and CPH-I could potentially shorten the time spent before OC patients reach a tertiary...

  12. Effectiveness of the risk of malignancy index and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm in a cohort of women with ovarian cancer: does histotype and stage matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennox, Genevieve K; Eiriksson, Lua R; Reade, Clare J; Leung, Felix; Mojtahedi, Golnessa; Atenafu, Eshetu G; Ferguson, Sarah E; Murphy, Joan; Diamandis, Eleftherios P; Kulasingam, Vathany; Bernardini, Marcus Q

    2015-06-01

    To examine the performance of the Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) by histologic subtype and stage of disease in a cohort of women with ovarian cancer. All patients with confirmed ovarian cancer at the Princess Margaret Hospital between February 2011 and January 2013 were eligible for study inclusion. Preoperative cancer antigen 125, human epididymis protein 4, and ultrasound findings were reviewed, and the sensitivity and false-negative rates of the RMI and ROMA were determined by stage of disease and tumor histology. A total of 131 patients with ovarian cancer were identified. High-grade serous (HGS) histology was most frequently associated with stage III/IV disease (n = 46 [72% of stage III/IV]) vs stage I (n = 5 [11% of stage I]; P cancer antigen 125 and human epididymis protein 4 values were significantly higher for HGS than for EC or CC histology. Risk of Malignancy Index II demonstrated the highest sensitivity of the 3 RMI algorithms. All RMIs and ROMA were significantly more sensitive in predicting malignancy in patients with HGS than EC or CC histology. Risk of Malignancy Index II (n = 38) and ROMA (n = 35) exhibited sensitivities of 68% and 54% and false-negative rates of 32% and 46%, respectively, for patients with stage I disease vs sensitivities of 94% and 93% and false-negative rates of 6% and 7% for patients with stage III/IV disease. Both RMI and ROMA performed well for the detection of advanced ovarian cancer and HGS histology. These triaging algorithms do not perform well in patients with stage I disease where EC and CC histologies predominate. Clinicians should be cautious using RMI or ROMA scoring tools to triage isolated adnexal masses because many patients with stage I malignancies would be missed.

  13. Workshop on The Golden Age of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects - II .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Foreword

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Organizing Institutions:INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Roma – INAF-IAPS, Roma, ItalyINTA – Dpt. de Cargas Utiles y Ciencias del Espacio, INTA-DCUCE, Madrid, SpainCzech Republic Academy of Sciences – Astronomical Institute, ASCR-AI, Ondřejov, Czech RepublicCzech Technical University, CTU in Prague, Czech RepublicDepartment of Physics, Technion, Haifa, IsraelRussian Academy of Sciences – Institute of Astronomy, RAS-IA, Moscow, RussiaINAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, INAF-OAC, Napoli, ItalyDepartment of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

  14. Cruz y raya en los libros: Mayo de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-05-01

    Full Text Available RIVERO, MARIO. Poemas urbanos. Bogotá, Antares-Tercer Mundo S. A., 1966, 109 páginas. En un libro sobre Grecia y Roma, pero no de la Grecia y de la Roma gigantescas, herméticas y marmóreas, sino de las cotidianas, íntimas y no pocas veces prosaicas, a las cuales convergen sus hombres con sus amores y odios, sin aquel hieratismo escultórico de la gran historia, Eduardo Schwartz - "autor de la más lograda generación de filólogos"- nos habla del mimos.

  15. A organização de um corpo disperso uma análise da atividade jesuítica em terras brasílicas (1583)

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Roberto de Faria

    2014-01-01

    O artigo investiga a pedagogia da vigilância instaurada pela Companhia de Jesus na segunda metade do século XVI. Com o intuito de organizar o corpo disperso, o centro da Companhia em Roma manda visitar a província do Brasil, a fim de reforçar a vigilância e estabelecer a ordem sobre as coisas. Para verificar essa tese, faz-se uso de uma documentação muito pouco explorada, pesquisada no Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu (ARSI), em Roma, sobretudo a correspondência entre o visitador e o Geral da...

  16. Biblioteche per la città: nuove prospettive di un servizio pubblico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Pérez Pulido

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta obra representa un hecho más de la excelente trayectoria de la autora que ha publicado volúmenes anteriores dedicados a la evaluación en bibliotecas públicas y a la cooperación bibliotecaria. Investigadora en la Universidad de Viterbo y en la Universidad de la Sapienza en Roma, posee también una amplia experiencia profesional en todo tipo de bibliotecas, destacando las bibliotecas universitarias y las bibliotecas parlamentarias, ocupando hoy su puesto de trabajo en la biblioteca del Senado de Roma “Giovanni Spadolini”.

  17. A serdülőkori gyermekvállalás lehetséges okai egy cigánytelepen - The possible reasons of teenage motherhood in a slum of gypsies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BÉKI, Orsolya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The research tries to reveal what causes the outstanding adolescent frequency of pregnancy rates in a slum of gypsies. The interviewees were teenager gypsy girls between the age of 14 and 19. The literature explains in different ways the high percentage of teenage pregnancy in roma ethnicity. The study deals with the question whether the explanation for this behaviour lies in the cultural differences, economic necessities, or social exclusions. The study underlines the importance of social exclusion by the major society targeting the community of roma ethnicity.

  18. Imagining the past, creating identity: The case of the Bayash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorescu-Marinković Annemarie

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on fieldwork conducted among several Bayash communities in the Balkans, the author examines the way in which the interlocutors assume an identity and try to construct a past for their people, using etiological legends about the origin of their community which combine heterogeneous historical and geographical knowledge. The author shows that imagining their past is as problematic for the Bayash as it is for any other Roma or non-Roma group; the author argues that the eclectic nature of this process is heralded by the fact that it is a regular stage in the development of the historical thinking of each nation.

  19. consistency with the object and purpose of the rome statute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Torres Marenco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Los Acuerdos Especiales promovidos por Estados Unidos de acuerdo con el Estatuto de Roma plantean ciertos cuestionamientos en relación con la eficacia del objeto y fin del tratado y su efecto en las obligaciones de los estados partes a la Corte Penal Internacional (CPI. Este análisis muestra cómo estos Acuerdos socavan los principios del tratado, por qué no son necesarios para prevenir que un Estado no parte se vea afectado por sus normas y la voluntad de Estados Unidos hacia la ratificación del Estatuto de Roma.

  20. O Rendimento Social de Inserção e os beneficiários ciganos : o caso do concelho de Faro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Rebelo Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the perceptions of Portuguese Gypsies/Roma in what concerns the Social Insertion Income (Rendimento Social de Inserção. Its main objectives are to understand how these social actors live the subsidiary situations. The study involved not only the families who benefit from this social policy measure, but also the social workers who are in charge of its attribution and management. We also intended to reflect about the real efficacy of these social policies in helping the Portuguese Gypsies/Roma to exit the poverty situations they often live in.

  1. Moderate Malnutrition in Children Aged 0-5 in the Republic of Macedonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spiroski, Igor; Memeti, Shaban

    2014-01-01

    Full text: Background: Undernutrition indicates a lack of the necessary energy, macro or micronutrients in person’s dietary intake. FAO reported that one in seven people in the world do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life. The objective of our survey was to assess the prevalence of undernutrition among children aged 0-5 in Macedonia. Methods: Nationally representative household survey was conducted and data for 1376 children under the age of 5 was gathered. The survey included two samples, one for general population and separate one for Roma population living in Roma settlements. Roma children had higher prevalence of undernutrition in previous surveys. The data was gathered in the frames of UNICEF’s Multiple Indicator Cluster survey in 2011. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to assess the nutritional status. Results: Out of general sample children 4.9% were moderately stunted (between -3 and -2 z-scores of height-for-age index), 5.6% boys and 4.3% girls. The percentage of moderately stunted children was over three times higher in the poorest wealth quintile compared to the richest one (7.2% and 2.0% respectively). In general population of children 1.8% were moderately wasted (between -3 and -2 z-scores of weight-for-height index), 2.2% boys and 1.4% girls. Wasting was also 3 times more prevalent in children from the poorest households compared to the richest ones (3.5% and 0.6% respectively). As for the Roma children, 16.5% of them were moderately stunted (21.1% boys, 12% girls) and 4.5% moderately wasted (4.3% boys, 4.7% girls). Nearly 10 times more moderately stunted Roma children were present in the poorest wealth quintile compared to the richest one (28.7% and 3.5% respectively). Conclusions: The results of the survey indicate low prevalence of undernutrition in the general population of children under 5 years of age in Macedonia which is in acceptable ranges defined by the WHO (<20% for stunting, <5% for wasting). Results for the

  2. The prognostic and predictive value of combined HE4 and CA-125 in ovarian cancer patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, Karina Dahl; Waldstrøm, Marianne; Brandslund, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    A risk-of-ovarian-malignancy algorithm (ROMA) based on human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and CA-125 has been reported to categorize women with a pelvic mass into high or low risk of ovarian malignancy. Originally, the ROMA score was developed for diagnostic purposes and the clinical application...... of HE4 for other purposes such as a predictor of survival or platinum resistance has not been extensively investigated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic importance of prechemotherapy combined levels of HE4 and CA-125 and prediction of platinum resistance. Furthermore, we...

  3. Roberto ARLT et al., "Apocalisse. Alle origini della fantascienza latinoamericana", 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Rei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Roberto ARLT , Aluísio AZEVEDO , Leopoldo LUGONES , Joaquim Manuel DE MACEDO , Amado NERVO, "Apocalisse. Alle origini della fantascienza latinoamericana", con un saggio di Camilla Cattarulla e Giorgio de Marchis, traduzioni di Camilla Cattarulla e Giorgio de Marchis, Roma, Nova Delphi Libri, 2014 [Book Review

  4. Proximate analysis and total lycopene content of some tomato ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Standard analytical techniques were employed to determine the proximate composition and lycopene content of three tomato cultivars namely: Roma VF, Ronita and UTC grown in six local government areas of Kano state, Nigeria. Results indicated mean values of 0.15±0.03, 0.16±0.01, 0.15±0.01% titratable acidity; ...

  5. Book Review: "Changing Gender Relations in Southern Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Changing Gender Relations in Southern Africa: Issues of Urban Life edited by Anita Larsson, Matšeliso Mapetla and Ann Schlyter. Lesotho: Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, National University of Lesotho, 1998 (distributed by African Books Collective, 27 Park End Street, Oxford OX1 1HU). Pp. 336. ISBN 99911 ...

  6. 'dentro' nel cinema italiano contemporaneo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    la memoria del padre e della sua perdita. Non solo, ma Ioan prova vergogna di fronte alla vista del suo corpo 'venduto', reificato e cannibalizzato dal sistema economico. In un'altra scena, ancora a. Roma, Ioan era stato invitato da un suo amico rumeno a vendersi per sesso, ma Ioan aveva rifiutato. Di contro alla precarietà ...

  7. Induced-growth and yield responses to seasonal variation by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The mutagenic effect of various concentrations of sodium azide on some selected quality traits of three varieties of tomato was investigated with the aim of improving the quality and quantity of the traits of economic importance. The seeds of three tomato varieties namely: Roma, UC and a Local variety were treated with four ...

  8. In vitro response of promising tomato genotypes for tolerance to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-06-28

    Jun 28, 2010 ... Abbreviations: PEG, Polyethylene glycol; 2, 4 –D, 2, 4 - ... Tomato seeds of four cultivars (Nora, PS-10, Peto and Roma) were used in this study. The seeds ... mol m-2 s-1). Drought was simulated by the addition of polyethylene glycol (6000) at four concentrations (0, 200, 270 and 295 gL-1) to the media.

  9. Exploration of the Potential of using a Virtual Laboratory for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    National University of Lesotho, P.O. Roma 180, Lesotho, Southern Africa. Received 27 June ... video demonstrations is increasingly finding use globally in order to respond to economic challenges and purportedly to improve understanding of ... developing countries.1 However, the Government of Lesotho is committed to ...

  10. Viaje italiano (1828

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    Nestor Madrid Malo

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available Nápoles. El primer día se va a dormir a Velletri y se atraviesa el bosque más bello del mundo, cerca de Ariccia. Pero antes de abandonar a Roma, es preciso haber ido a Castel Gandolfo, Frascati y Tívoli.

  11. Caveats on tomographic images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foulger, Gillian R.; Panza, Giuliano F.; Artemieva, Irina

    2014-01-01

    )CNR – Istituto di Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria (IGAG) c/o Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degliStudi di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy, (10) Dept. Physics of the Earth, Sankt-Petersburg State University, Sankt-Petersburg,RussiaGeological models of the mantle and its geodynamic...

  12. Mould Contamination of ready-to-eat cereal-based foods retailed in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Samples belonging to four different brands (Instant Morvite™, E-Papa™, Ace Instant Porridge™ and Roasted Morvite™) of ready-to-eat fortified cereal-based foodstuffs imported from the Republic of South Africa were bought from different retail outlets in the Roma valley, Lesotho and examined for contamination with ...

  13. Response of cowpea, okra and tomato sawdust ash manure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Field experiments were conducted at Akure and Obaile in Southwest Nigeria to test effect of sawdust ash manure treatments on cowpea (var. 1T82D – 716), okra (var. NAAe – 47 – 4) and Roma variety of tomato. The nutrient analysis of leaf and pod of okra given by different sawdust ash manure treatments was done.

  14. Olympic scale of sport-induced displacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean du Plessis

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The Olympic Games have displaced more than two million people in the last 20 years, disproportionately affecting particular groups such as the homeless, the poor, Roma and African-Americans. Mega-events such as the Olympic Games often leave a negative housing legacy for local populations.

  15. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cuerpo extraño como pseudotumor renal en un paciente con poliquistosis renal. Arch Esp Urol. 2000, 53:831. 3. Ben Meir D, Lask D, Koren R, Livne PM. lntrarenal foreign body presenting as a solid tumor. Uro/ogy. 2003, 61:1035. 4. Liessi G, Semisa M, Sandini F, Roma R, Spaliviero. B, Marin G. Retained surgical gauzes: ...

  16. Romani Peoples' Resistance to Mainstream Schooling: A Focus on Romani Woman and Girls' Education and the Educational Policies, Barriers, and Practices in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macris, Vicki

    2015-01-01

    The Romani (or Roma) people are, perhaps, the oldest and most discriminated against ethnic minority group in Eastern Europe. In particular, Romani women and girls have been described by the UN Women, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and Office of High Commission of Human Rights (OHCHR) as "one of the most disempowered groups in…

  17. Burnout and Work Engagement: Independent Factors or Opposite Poles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Roma, Vicente; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Lloret, Susana

    2006-01-01

    Burnout researchers have proposed that the conceptual opposites of emotional exhaustion and cynicism (the core dimensions of burnout) are vigor and dedication (the core dimensions of engagement), respectively (Maslach & Leiter, 1997; Schaufeli, Salanova, Gonzalez-Roma, & Bakker, 2002). We tested this proposition by ascertaining whether two sets of…

  18. Fantasmas del pasado frente a soldados del presente: retórica e historiografía en el nuevo enfoque cultural de la historia militar grecolatina" (pp. 221-233

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Iglesias-Zoido

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze in depth some of the implications that have the recent publication of the book of J. E.Lendon (Soldados y fantasmas. Historia de las guerras en Grecia y Roma, Barcelona: Ariel, 2006 for the study of the relations between rhetoric and historiography in the graeco-roman Antiquity.

  19. Fantasmas del pasado frente a soldados del presente: retórica e historiografía en el nuevo enfoque cultural de la historia militar grecolatina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iglesias Zoido, Juan Carlos

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze in depth some of the implications that have the recent publication of the book of J. E.Lendon (Soldados y fantasmas. Historia de las guerras en Grecia y Roma, Barcelona: Ariel, 2006 for the study of the relations between rhetoricand historiography in the graeco-roman Antiquity.

  20. Freud and Gidget go to Rome but uncle Sam doesn't: The roman ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Questo articolo si propone di prendere in esame alcuni film di Hollywood, da Roman Holiday a Gidget goes to Rome, che furono realizzati a Roma negli anni della guerra fredda. Tematicamente incentrata sulla generale ambivalenza dei concetti di casa, amore e morte, questa serie della 'febbre romana' conserva tutti i tratti ...