WorldWideScience

Sample records for sia karu izdevniecba

  1. Armin Karu on Baltian kasinokeisari / Sami Lotila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotila, Sami

    2008-01-01

    Kasiinokultuuri Eestisse toonud Olympic Casino omanik ja juht Armin Karu, kasiinoäri algusaastad ja areng Eestis. Hasartmängukorraldajate õigused ja võimalused Eestis ja Soomes. Edetabel: Eesti kasiinoäride top

  2. Armin Karu : "Vakhanalija azarta - tolko v ljubimoi rabote!" / Armin Karu ; interv. Aleksandr Ikonnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Armin, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    ASi Olympic Entertainment Group juhatuse esimees oma sport- ja hasartmängude eelistustest, edukusest, jõukusest, tulevikuplaanidest, kasiinode riigistamisest. Lisad: Armin Karu; Bill Gates on Armin Karust "vaesem"; Armin Karu teatas majanduskonverentsil "Äriplaan 2008": Pokkeriturism kasvab hoogsalt

  3. Armin Karu põrutab täiskäigul edasi / Koit Brinkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brinkmann, Koit

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Olympic Casino Group juhatuse esimees Armin Karu edukast aktsiaemissioonist, kasiinoärist, õpingutest ja eraelust. Lisa: Armin Karu. Kommenteerivad: Tõnis Rüütel, Liina Linsi, Jaan Karu, Marje Braunbrück ja Jaan Korpusov

  4. Ines Karu tantsis end raamatusse / Kais Allkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allkivi, Kais

    2008-01-01

    USAs ilmus raamat kõhutantsust "Kõhutants tähistamas püha naiselikkust" ("Belly Dance Celebrating the Sacred Feminine"). Raamatu autor on Martha Elena Burns. Eestlannadest on raamatus Ines Karu ja tema trupikaaslane Janne Mõistus. Lisaks fakte Ines Karust "Pühendunud tantsule"

  5. "Karu süda" võistleb Anapa festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Anapas toimub 5.-16. septembrini rahvusvaheline filmifestival "Kinošokk". Žüriisse kuulub ka Peeter Simm. Eestit esindab võistlusprogrammis Arvo Iho "Karu süda". Videofilmide programmis on Rene Vilbre "Armas tuss" ja Mark Soosaare "La Paloma", Jaak Kilmil on kaasas oma kuraatoriprogramm Balti alternatiivsetest lühifilmidest

  6. Kui parim näitleja on karu / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2001-01-01

    6. septembril esilinastunud mängufilm "Karu süda" : stsenarist ja režissöör Arvo Iho : kaasstsenarist oma romaani põhjal Nikolai Baturin : kaasstsenarist Rustam Ibragimbekov : produtsent Mati Sepping : operaator Rein Kotov : muusika Peeter Vähi : Faama Film ja Cumulus Projekt koos Vene, Saksa ja Tšehhi stuudiodega, 2001. Põhiliselt režissööri töö puudujääkidest näitlejatega

  7. SIA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carniel, B.; Stefanini, A.; DeGrandi, G.

    1987-01-01

    In this paper the authors describe the design of a knowledge-based supporting system for Non Destructive Analysis of Plutonium isotopic composition, which fits into an integrated data evaluation scheme for safeguards. This system is intended to be an intelligent assistant to the inspection procedure, able to generate as much as possible correct measurements, to guide the inspector throughout the procedure and to report descriptive data to the data evaluation system. The problem of improving the measurement quality is tackled using expert system approach, which should convey into this tool some of the physicist knowledge. The system has been designed at CISE laboratories, in the frame of the cooperation among the JRC of Ispra, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Safegards Directorate (DCS) of Luxemborg for the fissile material control and management program

  8. How is environmental conflict addressed by SIA?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barrow, C.J.

    2010-01-01

    The fields of Environmental Conflict Management (ECM), Environmental Conflict Resolution (ECR), and Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment (PCIA) have become well established; however, as yet there has not been much use of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) to manage environmental conflicts. ECM, ECR and PCIA are mainly undertaken when problems are advanced or, more likely, have run their course (post-conflict). This paper examines how conflict is addressed by SIA and whether there is potential to develop it for more proactive assessment of conflicts (pre-conflict or while things develop). SIA has the potential to identify and clarify the cause(s) of environmental and natural resources conflicts, and could possibly enable some avoidance or early mitigation. A promising approach may be for 'conflict-aware' SIA to watch for critical conflict stages or thresholds and to monitor stakeholders. Effective conflict-aware SIA might also significantly contribute to efforts to achieve sustainable development.

  9. Olympic tõotab jätkuvat tõusu / Armin Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Armin, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Olympic Casino suuromanik Armin Karu vastab aripaev.ee lugejate küsimustele. Vt. samas: Raivo Sormunen. Olympicust võib saada kalleim börsifirma. Diagramm: Olympic liigub turuväärtuselt juba Tallinna börsi kalliduselt teise firma kannul

  10. Mis oli. Võiks olla. On : Autoripilk Arvo Iho filmile "Karu süda" / Nikolai Baturin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baturin, Nikolai, 1936-

    2001-01-01

    Mängufilm "Karu süda" : stsenarist ja režissöör Arvo Iho : kaasstsenarist oma romaani põhjal Nikolai Baturin : kaasstsenarist Rustam Ibragimbekov : produtsent Mati Sepping : operaator Rein Kotov : muusika Peeter Vähi : Faama Film ja Cumulus Projekt koos Vene, Saksa ja Tšehhi stuudiotega, 2001

  11. Different properties of polysialic acids synthesized by the polysialyltransferases ST8SIA2 and ST8SIA4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Airi; Hane, Masaya; Niimi, Yuki; Kitajima, Ken; Sato, Chihiro

    2017-09-01

    Polysialic acid (polySia) is mainly found as a modification of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in whole embryonic brains, as well as restricted areas of adult vertebrate brains, including the hippocampus. PolySia shows not only repulsive effects on NCAM-involved cell-cell interactions due to its bulky and hydrated properties, but also attractive effects on the interaction with neurologically active molecules, which exerts a reservoir function. Two different polysialyltransferases, ST8SIA2 and ST8SIA4, are involved in the synthesis of polySia chains; however, to date, the differences of the properties between polySia chains synthesized by these two enzymes remain unknown. In this study, to clarify this point, we first prepared polySia-NCAMs from HEK293 cells stably expressing ST8SIA4 and ST8SIA2, or ST8SIA2 (SNP-7), a mutant ST8SIA2 derived from a schizophrenia patient. The conventional sensitive chemical and immunological characterizations showed that the quantity and quality (structural features) of polySia are not so much different between ST8SIA4- and ST8SIA2-synthesized ones, apart from those of ST8SIA2 (SNP-7). Then, we assessed the homophilic and heterophilic interactions mediated by polySia-NCAM by adopting a surface plasmon resonance measurement as an in vitro analytical method. Our novel findings are as follows: (i) the ST8SIA2- and ST8SIA4-synthesized polySia-NCAMs exhibited different attractive and repulsive effects than each other; (ii) both polySia- and oligoSia-NCAMs synthesized by ST8SIA2 were able to bind polySia-NCAMs; (iii) the polySia-NCAM synthesized by a ST8SIA2 (SNP-7) showed markedly altered attractive and repulsive properties. Collectively, polySia-NCAM is suggested to simultaneously possess both attractive and repulsive properties that are highly regulated by the two polysialyltransferases. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. Code switching in Sia Pedee story-telling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gómez Rendón, J.

    2010-01-01

    This article deals with code switching in a corpus of narratives collected in Sia Pedee (Chocoan) among the Épera of the northern Pacific coast of Ecuador. The reinsertion of Sia Pedee in the nowadays dominant Spanish-speaking ethnic community has resulted in older speakers making use of code

  13. Kuidas möödus 2012. aasta komplekteerimises? / Külli Karu, Rutt Enok, Kaili Õunapuu-Seidelberg ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Vastavad Külli Karu Tallinna Keskraamatukogust, Rutt Enok Harju Maakonnaraamatukogust, Kaili Õunapuu-Seidelberg Lääne-Virumaa Keskraamatukogust, Tiina Talvet Rapla Keskraamatukogust, Toivo Ärtis Kambja raamatukogust ning kultuuriministeeriumi raamatukogunõunik Meeli Veskus

  14. As amnésias do contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruschi, Michel Euclides

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo faz uma viagem pela mente de Leonard Shelby, personagem principal do filme Amnésia (2000. Esta aventura é feita juntamente com o auxílio das idéias sobre narrativa, self transacional e cultura de Jerome Bruner (1997a, 1997b e 2001. O objetivo é de no final da viagem conseguirmos fazer algumas reflexões sobre as amnésias que vivenciamos na contemporaneidade a partir do nosso olhar sobre Leonard. A primeira amnésia é a da fragmentação que é apontada como uma das causas do vazio de sentidos do nosso tempo. No entanto, a fragmentação não impossibilita a construção de sentidos, sendo apenas um novo dificultador desse processo. A segunda amnésia é a de que através das representações estamos acessando diretamente o mundo exterior, esquecendo de todo o processo que ocorre para construirmos uma representação

  15. A DFT study of the stability of SIAs and small SIA clusters in the vicinity of solute atoms in Fe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becquart, C. S.; Ngayam Happy, R.; Olsson, P.; Domain, C.

    2018-03-01

    The energetics, defect volume and magnetic properties of single SIAs and small SIA clusters up to size 6 have been calculated by DFT for different configurations like the parallel 〈110〉 dumbbell, the non parallel 〈110〉 dumbbell and the C15 structure. The most stable configurations of each type have been further analyzed to determine the influence on their stability of various solute atoms (Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, W, Pd, Al, Si, P), relevant for steels used under irradiation. The results show that the presence of solute atoms does not change the relative stability order among SIA clusters. The small SIA clusters investigated can bind to both undersized and oversized solutes. Several descriptors have been considered to derive interesting trends from results. It appears that the local atomic volume available for the solute is the main physical quantity governing the binding energy evolution, whatever the solute type (undersized or oversized) and the cluster configuration (size and type).

  16. Eutanásia: novas considerações penais

    OpenAIRE

    Marcello Ovidio Lopes Guimarães

    2009-01-01

    Consiste o trabalho em tela na proposição de um estudo da eutanásia em seus variados aspectos, que se refletem em amplos e distintos setores do conhecimento humano, sejam eles filosóficos, religiosos, históricos, culturais, sociológicos, políticos e, particularmente, jurídicos. O estudo é iniciado com a noção geral sobre o tema eutanásico, procurando-se apresentar definições trazidas por autores dos mais diferentes matizes, na busca de uma definição que permita à norma legal amoldar-se ao con...

  17. Proceedings of the CanSIA solar conference 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The Canadian Solar Industries Association (CanSIA) promotes activities directed at improving and accelerating the widespread use of solar energy in Canada. It works to strengthen the Canadian solar industry by ensuring that governments in Canada understand the contribution that a viable solar equipment industrial base can make to Canada's industrial and social development. CanSIA helps its members in the development of product standards and building codes for the solar equipment industry, with special emphasis of safety, performance, and economic impact. The first session of the conference discussed the legal, financial and technical issues involved in capturing and capitalizing on the carbon emission reduction potential of solar projects. The second session addressed community buying issues with particular reference to matching homeowner and industry interests. Some presentations highlighted the research programs underway at universities and companies across Canada to identify the latest, most advanced and efficient technology that offers energy solutions. The barriers that the solar industry faces as it tries to deploy solar energy were also reviewed along with possible ways to overcome these barriers in ways that suit governments and local communities. The conference featured 20 presentations, of which 3 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs

  18. Development of a short form Social Interaction Anxiety (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) using nonparametric item response theory: the SIAS-6 and the SPS-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Lorna; Sunderland, Matthew; Andrews, Gavin; Rapee, Ronald M; Mattick, Richard P

    2012-03-01

    Shortened forms of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) were developed using nonparametric item response theory methods. Using data from socially phobic participants enrolled in 5 treatment trials (N = 456), 2 six-item scales (the SIAS-6 and the SPS-6) were developed. The validity of the scores on the SIAS-6 and the SPS-6 was then tested using traditional methods for their convergent validity in an independent clinical sample and a student sample, as well as for their sensitivity to change and diagnostic sensitivity in the clinical sample. The scores on the SIAS-6 and the SPS-6 correlated as well as the scores on the original SIAS and SPS, with scores on measures of related constructs, discriminated well between those with and without a diagnosis of social phobia, providing cutoffs for diagnosis and were as sensitive to measuring change associated with treatment as were the SIAS and SPS. Together, the SIAS-6 and the SPS-6 appear to be an efficient method of measuring symptoms of social phobia and provide a brief screening tool.

  19. Assessing the performance of SIA in the EIA context: A case study of South Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pisani, Jacobus A. du; Sandham, Luke A.

    2006-01-01

    This article, a theoretical perspective based on a literature study, is a critical evaluation of SIA as part of the EIA process in South Africa against the background of international guidelines and best practices. It includes sections on the historical background of the development of SIA in South Africa, the legal status and requirements of SIA in the country, and a critical evaluation of SIA regulation in South Africa. The conclusion reached in the article is that the persistent problems of SIA practice, experienced in other parts of the world, are also evident in South Africa. Apart from institutional, financial and professional constraints, there are also serious problems associated with approach and methods. This conclusion confirms the findings of empirical studies that SIA in South Africa is neglected, that the practice of SIA in South Africa is not yet on a sound footing, and that it does not receive the professional attention it deserves in a country beset by enormous social challenges. To conclude the article recommendations are made to improve the level of SIA practice in South Africa, and the possible significance of this national case study for international practice is indicated

  20. A China e a transformação da Ásia

    OpenAIRE

    Gaspar, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    O artigo explora o papel da China na evolução da Ásia no sistema internacional, apresentando as dinâmicas políticas e securitárias que caracterizaram os seus diferentes «centros» - a Ásia Oriental, a Ásia do Nordeste ou a Ásia do Sudeste - e que na viragem do século criaram as condições para a emergência de uma «Grande Ásia», em simultâneo com o reconhecimento da China. São ainda abordados os diferentes conflitos que marcaram a história da região durante a Guerra Fria, e embora o fim da Guerr...

  1. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) from a multidimensional paradigmatic perspective: Challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aledo-Tur, Antonio; Domínguez-Gómez, J Andrés

    2017-06-15

    The literature specialized in Social Impact Assessment (SIA) concurs that there is still much work to do in the discussion and thorough grounding of its theories and conceptual bases. The authors of this paper consider that the understanding of SIA as a paradigm may prove useful as a foundation on which more robust and better grounded SIA knowledge production may be built. Further, we suggest that the application of the concept of the paradigm in the terms expressed here may offer a comprehensive guide to practice in SIA studies. The paradigmatic approach to SIA is based on six basic, consecutive questions, related to each other and independent at the same time: questions in the axiological, ontological, epistemological, methodological and theoretical fields, in addition to one on governance in SIA (and in the specific project analysed). We explain how the two currently predominant SIA paradigms (which we have named technocratic and constructivist, following the commonly accepted terms) answer these questions. Finally, the variability of the different answer options may involve intermediate positions between the two paradigms which may also involve comprehensive ways of defining and grounding practice. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. System dynamic simulation: A new method in social impact assessment (SIA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karami, Shobeir, E-mail: shobeirkarami@gmail.com [Agricultural Extension and Education, Shiraz University (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.ir [Agricultural Extension and Education, Shiraz University (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Buys, Laurie, E-mail: l.buys@qut.edu.au [Creative Industries Faculty, School of Design, Queensland University of Technology (Australia); Drogemuller, Robin, E-mail: robin.drogemuller@qut.edu.au [Creative Industries Faculty, School of Design, Queensland University of Technology (Australia)

    2017-01-15

    Many complex social questions are difficult to address adequately with conventional methods and techniques, due to the complicated dynamics, and hard to quantify social processes. Despite these difficulties researchers and practitioners have attempted to use conventional methods not only in evaluative modes but also in predictive modes to inform decision making. The effectiveness of SIAs would be increased if they were used to support the project design processes. This requires deliberate use of lessons from retrospective assessments to inform predictive assessments. Social simulations may be a useful tool for developing a predictive SIA method. There have been limited attempts to develop computer simulations that allow social impacts to be explored and understood before implementing development projects. In light of this argument, this paper aims to introduce system dynamic (SD) simulation as a new predictive SIA method in large development projects. We propose the potential value of the SD approach to simulate social impacts of development projects. We use data from the SIA of Gareh-Bygone floodwater spreading project to illustrate the potential of SD simulation in SIA. It was concluded that in comparison to traditional SIA methods SD simulation can integrate quantitative and qualitative inputs from different sources and methods and provides a more effective and dynamic assessment of social impacts for development projects. We recommend future research to investigate the full potential of SD in SIA in comparing different situations and scenarios.

  3. System dynamic simulation: A new method in social impact assessment (SIA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karami, Shobeir; Karami, Ezatollah; Buys, Laurie; Drogemuller, Robin

    2017-01-01

    Many complex social questions are difficult to address adequately with conventional methods and techniques, due to the complicated dynamics, and hard to quantify social processes. Despite these difficulties researchers and practitioners have attempted to use conventional methods not only in evaluative modes but also in predictive modes to inform decision making. The effectiveness of SIAs would be increased if they were used to support the project design processes. This requires deliberate use of lessons from retrospective assessments to inform predictive assessments. Social simulations may be a useful tool for developing a predictive SIA method. There have been limited attempts to develop computer simulations that allow social impacts to be explored and understood before implementing development projects. In light of this argument, this paper aims to introduce system dynamic (SD) simulation as a new predictive SIA method in large development projects. We propose the potential value of the SD approach to simulate social impacts of development projects. We use data from the SIA of Gareh-Bygone floodwater spreading project to illustrate the potential of SD simulation in SIA. It was concluded that in comparison to traditional SIA methods SD simulation can integrate quantitative and qualitative inputs from different sources and methods and provides a more effective and dynamic assessment of social impacts for development projects. We recommend future research to investigate the full potential of SD in SIA in comparing different situations and scenarios.

  4. GeAs and SiAs monolayers: Novel 2D semiconductors with suitable band structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Liqin; Guo, Yu; Zhao, Jijun

    2018-01-01

    Two dimensional (2D) materials provide a versatile platform for nanoelectronics, optoelectronics and clean energy conversion. Based on first-principles calculations, we propose a novel kind of 2D materials - GeAs and SiAs monolayers and investigate their atomic structure, thermodynamic stability, and electronic properties. The calculations show that monolayer GeAs and SiAs sheets are energetically and dynamically stable. Their small interlayer cohesion energies (0.191 eV/atom for GeAs and 0.178 eV/atom for SiAs) suggest easy exfoliation from the bulk solids that exist in nature. As 2D semiconductors, GeAs and SiAs monolayers possess band gap of 2.06 eV and 2.50 eV from HSE06 calculations, respectively, while their band gap can be further engineered by the number of layers. The relatively small and anisotropic carrier effective masses imply fast electric transport in these 2D semiconductors. In particular, monolayer SiAs is a direct gap semiconductor and a potential photocatalyst for water splitting. These theoretical results shine light on utilization of monolayer or few-layer GeAs and SiAs materials for the next-generation 2D electronics and optoelectronics with high performance and satisfactory stability.

  5. Social anxiety in the general population: introducing abbreviated versions of SIAS and SPS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupper, Nina; Denollet, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Social anxiety is characterized by the experience of stress, discomfort and fear in social situations, and is associated with substantial personal and societal burden. Two questionnaires exist that assess the aspects of social anxiety, i.e. social interaction anxiety (SIAS) and social phobia (SPS). There is no agreement in literature on the dimensionality of social anxiety. Further, the length of a questionnaire may negatively affect response rates and participation at follow-up occasions. To explore the structure of social anxiety in the general population, and to examine psychosocial and sociodemographic correlates. Our second aim was to construct abbreviated versions of SIAS and SPS that can be easily used and with minimal burden. A total of 1598 adults from the general Dutch population completed a survey asking information on social anxiety, mood and demographics. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses as well as reliability analysis with item-total statistics were performed. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a 3-factor structure for social phobia, and a 2-factor structure for the SIAS, with the second factor containing both reversely scored items. The abbreviated versions of SPS (11 items) and SIAS (10 items) show excellent discriminant and construct validity (Cronbach's α=.90 and .92), while specificity analysis showed that gender, marital status and educational level (SIAS(10): pSIAS, reducing the questionnaire burden for participants in epidemiological and biobehavioral research. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. COMPARISON OF POSTOP SIA IN MSICS WITH STRAIGHT INCISION VERSUS FROWN INCISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shayana Bhumbla

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Surgically-Induced Astigmatism (SIA is one of the commonest causes of poor postoperative vision even after uneventful cataract surgery. Recent advances have led to a newer concept of “refractive cataract surgery.” The aim of the study is to study the comparison of postop SIA in Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS with straight versus frown incision. MATERIALS AND METHODS 50 patients of cataract were divided into 2 groups (25 each - group A underwent MSICS with 6 mm straight incision, group B underwent MSICS with 6 mm frown incision. BCVA, keratometry readings were recorded with auto kerato-refractometer preop, at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and SIA was calculated with SIA calculator version 2.1, a free software program. RESULTS Mean SIA in group A and B were - 1.14D versus 0.92D at 1 week; 1.26D versus 0.97D at 1 month; 1.29D versus 0.95D at 3 months. The difference was statistically significant at each follow up visit (p<0.05. CONCLUSION Frown incision gives lesser SIA than straight incision in MSICS.

  7. Clinical validation of a non-heteronormative version of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, Philip; Martell, Christopher; Bergström, Jan; Andersson, Gerhard; Carlbring, Per

    2013-12-19

    Despite welcomed changes in societal attitudes and practices towards sexual minorities, instances of heteronormativity can still be found within healthcare and research. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) is a valid and reliable self-rating scale of social anxiety, which includes one item (number 14) with an explicit heteronormative assumption about the respondent's sexual orientation. This heteronormative phrasing may confuse, insult or alienate sexual minority respondents. A clinically validated version of the SIAS featuring a non-heteronormative phrasing of item 14 is thus needed. 129 participants with diagnosed social anxiety disorder, enrolled in an Internet-based intervention trial, were randomly assigned to responding to the SIAS featuring either the original or a novel non-heteronormative phrasing of item 14, and then answered the other item version. Within-subject, correlation between item versions was calculated and the two scores were statistically compared. The two items' correlations with the other SIAS items and other psychiatric rating scales were also statistically compared. Item versions were highly correlated and scores did not differ statistically. The two items' correlations with other measures did not differ statistically either. The SIAS can be revised with a non-heteronormative formulation of item 14 with psychometric equivalence on item and scale level. Implications for other psychiatric instruments with heteronormative phrasings are discussed.

  8. ToSIA-A tool for sustainability impact assessment of forest-wood-chains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindner, M.; Suominen, T.; Palosuo, T.; Garcia-Gonzalo, J.; Verweij, P.J.F.M.; Zudin, S.; Päivinen, R.

    2010-01-01

    Within the forest sector, the sustainability concept has evolved from a narrow focus on sustainable wood production to a much broader evaluation of environmental, social, and economic sustainability for whole value chains. A new software tool – ToSIA – has been developed for assessing sustainability

  9. As viagens de Nísia Floresta: memória, testemunho e história The travels of Nísia Floresta: memory, testimony, and history

    OpenAIRE

    Constância Lima Duarte

    2008-01-01

    Dentre os escritores brasileiros do século XIX, que registraram suas viagens em livros, destaca-se Nísia Floresta Brasileira Augusta. Nascida no interior do Rio Grande do Norte, em 1810, ela residiu em Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul e Rio de Janeiro antes de se mudar para a Europa, em 1849, e visitar diferentes países até falecer, em 1885, em Rouen, na França. Dos 15 títulos que publicou - romance, novela, contos, poemas e ensaios, escritos em português, francês e italiano -, estão os interess...

  10. Evolutionary history of the alpha2,8-sialyltransferase (ST8Sia) gene family: tandem duplications in early deuterostomes explain most of the diversity found in the vertebrate ST8Sia genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harduin-Lepers, Anne; Petit, Daniel; Mollicone, Rosella; Delannoy, Philippe; Petit, Jean-Michel; Oriol, Rafael

    2008-09-23

    The animal sialyltransferases, which catalyze the transfer of sialic acid to the glycan moiety of glycoconjugates, are subdivided into four families: ST3Gal, ST6Gal, ST6GalNAc and ST8Sia, based on acceptor sugar specificity and glycosidic linkage formed. Despite low overall sequence identity between each sialyltransferase family, all sialyltransferases share four conserved peptide motifs (L, S, III and VS) that serve as hallmarks for the identification of the sialyltransferases. Currently, twenty subfamilies have been described in mammals and birds. Examples of the four sialyltransferase families have also been found in invertebrates. Focusing on the ST8Sia family, we investigated the origin of the three groups of alpha2,8-sialyltransferases demonstrated in vertebrates to carry out poly-, oligo- and mono-alpha2,8-sialylation. We identified in the genome of invertebrate deuterostomes, orthologs to the common ancestor for each of the three vertebrate ST8Sia groups and a set of novel genes named ST8Sia EX, not found in vertebrates. All these ST8Sia sequences share a new conserved family-motif, named "C-term" that is involved in protein folding, via an intramolecular disulfide bridge. Interestingly, sequences from Branchiostoma floridae orthologous to the common ancestor of polysialyltransferases possess a polysialyltransferase domain (PSTD) and those orthologous to the common ancestor of oligosialyltransferases possess a new ST8Sia III-specific motif similar to the PSTD. In osteichthyans, we have identified two new subfamilies. In addition, we describe the expression profile of ST8Sia genes in Danio rerio. Polysialylation appeared early in the deuterostome lineage. The recent release of several deuterostome genome databases and paralogons combined with synteny analysis allowed us to obtain insight into events at the gene level that led to the diversification of the ST8Sia genes, with their corresponding enzymatic activities, in both invertebrates and vertebrates. The

  11. Evolutionary history of the alpha2,8-sialyltransferase (ST8Sia gene family: Tandem duplications in early deuterostomes explain most of the diversity found in the vertebrate ST8Sia genes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petit Jean-Michel

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The animal sialyltransferases, which catalyze the transfer of sialic acid to the glycan moiety of glycoconjugates, are subdivided into four families: ST3Gal, ST6Gal, ST6GalNAc and ST8Sia, based on acceptor sugar specificity and glycosidic linkage formed. Despite low overall sequence identity between each sialyltransferase family, all sialyltransferases share four conserved peptide motifs (L, S, III and VS that serve as hallmarks for the identification of the sialyltransferases. Currently, twenty subfamilies have been described in mammals and birds. Examples of the four sialyltransferase families have also been found in invertebrates. Focusing on the ST8Sia family, we investigated the origin of the three groups of α2,8-sialyltransferases demonstrated in vertebrates to carry out poly-, oligo- and mono-α2,8-sialylation. Results We identified in the genome of invertebrate deuterostomes, orthologs to the common ancestor for each of the three vertebrate ST8Sia groups and a set of novel genes named ST8Sia EX, not found in vertebrates. All these ST8Sia sequences share a new conserved family-motif, named "C-term" that is involved in protein folding, via an intramolecular disulfide bridge. Interestingly, sequences from Branchiostoma floridae orthologous to the common ancestor of polysialyltransferases possess a polysialyltransferase domain (PSTD and those orthologous to the common ancestor of oligosialyltransferases possess a new ST8Sia III-specific motif similar to the PSTD. In osteichthyans, we have identified two new subfamilies. In addition, we describe the expression profile of ST8Sia genes in Danio rerio. Conclusion Polysialylation appeared early in the deuterostome lineage. The recent release of several deuterostome genome databases and paralogons combined with synteny analysis allowed us to obtain insight into events at the gene level that led to the diversification of the ST8Sia genes, with their corresponding enzymatic

  12. Clinical validation of a non-heteronormative version of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Lindner, Philip; Martell, Christopher; Bergström, Jan; Andersson, Gerhard; Carlbring, Per

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Despite welcomed changes in societal attitudes and practices towards sexual minorities, instances of heteronormativity can still be found within healthcare and research. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) is a valid and reliable self-rating scale of social anxiety, which includes one item (number 14) with an explicit heteronormative assumption about the respondents sexual orientation. This heteronormative phrasing may confuse, insult or alienate sexual minority responde...

  13. Mārketinga komunikācijas SIA „Amserv Motors”.

    OpenAIRE

    Iļjenko, Santa

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba nosaukums ir „Mārketinga komunikācijas SIA „Amserv Motors””. Autore mārketinga komunikācijas pēta uzņēmumā SIA „Amserv Motors”, kas ir Toyota un Lexus oficiālais dīleris Latvijā. Maģistra darba mērķis ir izpētīt SIA „Amserv Motors” mārketinga komunikācijas, izvērtējot to priekšrocības un trūkumus, lai sniegtu priekšlikumus to pilnveidošanas iespējām. Darba pirmajā nodaļā raksturoti mārketinga komunikāciju veidi, to galvenās priekšrocības un trūkumi. Otrajā nodaļā autore a...

  14. Variants of ST8SIA1 are associated with risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Husain

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis (MS is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system of unknown etiology with both genetic and environmental factors playing a role in susceptibility. To date, the HLA DR15/DQ6 haplotype within the major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6p, is the strongest genetic risk factor associated with MS susceptibility. Additional alleles of IL7 and IL2 have been identified as risk factors for MS with small effect. Here we present two independent studies supporting an allelic association of MS with polymorphisms in the ST8SIA1 gene, located on chromosome 12p12 and encoding ST8 alpha-N-acetyl-neuraminide alpha-2,8-sialyltransferase 1. The initial association was made in a single three-generation family where a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP rs4762896, was segregating together with HLA DR15/DQ6 in MS patients. A study of 274 family trios (affected child and both unaffected parents from Australia validated the association of ST8SIA1 in individuals with MS, showing transmission disequilibrium of the paternal alleles for three additional SNPs, namely rs704219, rs2041906, and rs1558793, with p = 0.001, p = 0.01 and p = 0.01 respectively. These findings implicate ST8SIA1 as a possible novel susceptibility gene for MS.

  15. SIA skandaali neli patust - täna kõvemad kui 10 aastat tagasi / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    1995. aasta oktoobris aset leidnud lindiskandaalist ja selle osalistest. Vt. samas: SIA skandaal ja järgnenud valitsuskriis; Väljavõte stenogrammist; Meelak: paljud ihkasid kohtus näha Savisaare verd

  16. Idioot hingedepuudutaja / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2011-01-01

    12. oktoobril esilinastus Fjodor Dostojevski romaanil põhinev Rainer Sarneti mängufilm "Idioot". Film valiti ka 6. oktoobril alanud Lõuna-Korea Busani rahvusvahelise filmifestivali programmi Flash Forward

  17. Horror Haapsalus / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    23.-25. aprillini Haapsalus toimuva 5. Haapsalu Õudus- ja Fantaasiafilmide festivali (HÕFF) filmidest: režissööride Yannick Dahan'i ja Benjamin Rocher "Hord", Srdjan Spasojevic'i "Serbia film", Cory McAbee "Stingray Sam", režissöör Tom Six' "Inimsajajalgne", Shinya Tsukamoto "Tetsuo"

  18. Betoon ajaloos / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2005-01-01

    Eramu ja elamuehituses võeti betoonkonstruktsioonid kasutusele 20. sajandi algul. Auguste Perret' korterelamutest, Tony Garnier' Cite Industrielle plaanist, Le Corbusier' villa Savoye'st, Frank Lloyd Wright'i Kaufmannide villast Pennsylvanias. 10 ill

  19. St8sia2 deficiency plus juvenile cannabis exposure in mice synergistically affect higher cognition in adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tantra, Martesa; Kröcher, Tim; Papiol, Sergi; Winkler, Daniela; Röckle, Iris; Jatho, Jasmin; Burkhardt, Hannelore; Ronnenberg, Anja; Gerardy-Schahn, Rita; Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Hildebrandt, Herbert

    2014-12-15

    The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) and its functionally linked polysialyltransferases, ST8SIA2 and ST8SIA4, are crucial for synaptic plasticity. Variations in encoding genes have been associated with mental illness. Since cannabinoids can alter NCAM polysialylation, we hypothesized that delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) might act as environmental 'second hit' regarding cognition of St8sia2(-/-) mice. These mice show per se minor behavioral abnormalities, consisting of reduced anxiety and mild cognitive deficits. Chronic Δ9-THC treatment of juvenile male wildtype mice (St8sia2(+/+)) (7mg/kg every other day over 3 weeks) did not appreciably affect cognition. St8sia2(-/-) mice, however, displayed a synergistic negative consequence of Δ9-THC on learning/memory, accompanied by polysialic acid-free NCAM-180 reduction in hippocampus and polysialic acid increase in dentate outer molecular layer. These synergistic effects became obvious only months after the last Δ9-THC. We conclude that juvenile cannabis exposure may cause delayed but lasting damage on cognition in subjects genetically predisposed to altered NCAM polysialylation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Training activities and perspectives in the radioactive waste management area of Moscow SIA 'Radon' - 16131

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Batyukhnova, O.G.; Arustamov, A.E.; Dmitriev, S.A.; Arustamova, N.A.; Ojovan, M.; Drace, Z.

    2009-01-01

    The education service for specialists dealing with radioactive waste was established in Russia (former USSR) in 1983 and was based on the capabilities of two organisations: Moscow Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon') and Lomonosov's Moscow State University. These two organizations are able jointly to offer training programs in the science fundamentals, applied research and in practical operational areas of the all pre-disposal activities of the radioactive waste management (RWM). Since 1997 this system was upgraded to the international level and now acts as the International Education Training Centre (IETC) at SIA 'Radon' under the guidance of the IAEA. During last 12 years more than 350 specialists from 33 European and Asian countries enhanced their knowledge and skills in RWM. The IAEA supported many specialized regional training courses and workshops, fellowships, on-the-job training, and scientific visits which are additional means to assure development of personnel capabilities. Efficiency of training was analysed at IETC using the structural adaptation of educational process as well as factors, which have influence on education quality. In addition social-psychological aspects were also taken into account in assessing the overall efficiency. The analysis of the effect of individual factors and the efficiency of education activity were carried out based on appraisal results and post-course questioning of attendees. (authors)

  1. As viagens e o discurso autobiográfico de Nísia Floresta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constância Lima Duarte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos livros em que registrou suas viagens pela Europa, Nísia Floresta deixou também, ao lado de reflexões sobre as novas culturas, depoimentos importantes da própria vida. Aliás, praticamente tudo o que se sabe hoje sobre a autora foi encontrado em seus livros, independente deles serem poemas, romances, crônicas ou ensaios, tal o caráter autobiográfico de sua obra. Para este momento, tratarei de um dos livros de viagem: o Itinerário de uma viagem à Alemanha, escrito em francês e publicado em Paris, em 1857. Em seu relato, Nísia Floresta vai privilegiar não a história da cidade que visita, mas a própria subjetividade, ou seja, as emoções que os objetos e os lugares lhe despertam. Através da memória, ela busca reminiscências da infância, ou vai ao encontro de familiares distantes, estejam eles vivos ou não, como forma de novamente re-viver momentos de felicidade. A narradora se coloca no centro da escritura, se auto contempla romanticamente, e tudo o mais parece girar à sua volta.

  2. Starptautiskais mārketings SIA „NEW ROSME” uzņēmumā

    OpenAIRE

    Rodčenkova, Anastasija

    2014-01-01

    Atslēgas vārdi: ienākšanas veidi starptautiskā tirgū; franšīze; franšīzes metodes priekšrocības un trūkumi; Krievijas Federācijas apakšveļas tirgus. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no 66 lappusēm, neieskaitot pielikumus, 21 attēliem, 2 tabulām, 2 pielikumiem. Pētījuma procesā tika izmantoti 46 literatūras un informācijas avoti. Bakalaura darba temats ir „Franšīze kā uzņēmuma SIA „NEW ROSME” attīstības stratēģija Krievijas tirgū”. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt uzņēmuma SIA „NEW ROSME” franšīzes metodes...

  3. Mid-term evaluation of the Climate Change Action Fund: Science, Impacts and Adaptation (SIA) block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-11-01

    In 1998, the Climate Change Action Fund was established by the Government of Canada. Its budget represented 150 million dollars over a three year period, and was an additional 625 million dollars in the federal budget of February 2000 was allocated for climate change initiatives, of which 150 million dollars were earmarked over a three year period to the Climate Change Action Fund. To provide input for Treasury Board Submissions looking for funding approval in the future, it was necessary to conduct a mid-term evaluation focused on program performance to date. The period covered by the evaluation was September 2000 to the end of January 2001. This report examined the performance of the Science, Impact and Adaptation Block (SIA). Based on a series of interviews with representatives of Block managers, Technical and Executive Policy Committees, successful applicants, unsuccessful applicants and peer reviewers, as well as a review of the documentation maintained by SIA, it addressed the following issues: Block relevance, progress/success to date, and effectiveness in meeting the objectives. It was determined that the objectives displayed relevance to the climate change agenda of the federal government, progress to date was considered satisfactory, and most of the objectives should be met in a timely fashion. A summary of the findings was included in this document along with recommendations pertaining to the findings. 3 tabs., 1 fig

  4. Parrēsia ed exemplum. La parrēsia e i regimi aleturgici dell’exemplum a partire da L’ermeneutica del soggetto di Michel Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orazio Irrera

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo cerca di esplorare il rapporto tra parrēsia ed exemplum negli ultimi Corsi al Collège de France di Michel Foucault. A partire da L’ermeneutica del soggetto, viene analizzato il campo semantico e pratico relativo alla direzione di coscienza stoica ed epicurea, in cui Foucault oppone la parrēsia all’adulazione e alla retorica per collocarla invece all’interno di un’importante serie di concetti: la paradosis (la trasmissione dei discorsi di verità, il kairos (il momento giusto, la circostanza opportuna e l’exemplum definito come «il cuore della parrēsia» poiché esso assicura l’adæquatio tra il soggetto di enunciazione e il soggetto di comportamento che si conforma alla verità espressa dal primo. Successivamente, viene posta l’attenzione sul legame tra parrēsia ed exemplum nell’ultimo Corso, Il coraggio della verità, per mettere in evidenza un’importante riconfigurazione all’interno della parrēsia cinica, in cui l’esempio appare come una categoria etica basata sulla permanenza e sull’identità a sé. Pertanto, esso si rivela inadeguato per questo regime aleturgico della parrēsia cinica, che invece consiste in un atteggiamento etico sperimentale, una mise à l’épreuve cui sottomettere la vita per arrivare a una trasformazione politica del mondo attraverso una continua e scandalosa provocazione degli altri, in grado di mettere in discussione la percezione di norme culturali e di abitudini consolidate.

  5. Measurements of T0 temperatures of supersaturated Si-As alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, K.R.; West, J.A.; Smith, P.M.; Aziz, M.J.

    1992-01-01

    In this paper the congruent melting point, or T 0 curve, of crystalline Si-As alloys has been measured in the range of 1.6 to 18.1 at.% arsenic by line source electron beam annealing. Alloys were created by ion implantation of as into 0.1 mm Si-on-sapphire and crystallized by pulsed laser melting. T 0 temperatures decrease form 1673 ± 10K at 2.0 at.% As to 1516 ± 30K at 18.1 at.% As. The results of these measurements are significantly higher than the previous results of studies using pulsed laser melting techniques. Advantages of the e-beam technique over previous techniques are discussed. Chemical free energy functions of the solid and liquid phases were calculated from existing thermodynamic data. The calculated T 0 curve agrees with the measured values only in low concentration region (less than 8 at.%)

  6. A eutanásia na visão do garantismo penal

    OpenAIRE

    Reicher, Regina Maria

    2005-01-01

    Num cotejo entre a eutanásia e o garantismo de Luigi Ferrajoli, quanto à proibição penal, os princípios da lesividade e necessidade, e o direito penal mínimo, este estudo faz uma projeção sobre as principais conseqüências desse comportamento em matéria penal, notadamente quanto à sua repercussão sobre o princípio da dignidade da pessoa humana, que é corolário lógico do Estado Democrático de Direito. Não se justifica, no modelo de direito penal mínimo propugnado pelo garantismo, a penalizaç...

  7. Environmental impacts caused by the shrimp industry at city of de Nísia Floresta (RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Dumaresq de Oliveira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the aim is to demonstrate the growth of the shrimp breeding (Carcinicultura in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, as well as studying the environmental impacts generated by the activity in the mangrove ecosystem. Therefore, the importance of such environment will be showed, considering that the activity depends on that environment to subsist. Thus, environmental impacts are generated by the activity in the mangrove ecosystem. In this article, the deforestation generated in the Environmental Conservation Areas (APA, in Portuguese of mangroves and riparian forest used for constructing tanks for shrimp breeding in Nísia Floresta, Rio Grande do Norte will be analyzed. There is, also, the aim of communicating the existence of the Recovery Plan for the Permanent Preservation Area (PRAPP, in Portuguese, elaborated by Idema (Institute of economic development and environment, the governmental agency responsible for controlling the Environment.

  8. Two particle correlations at mid-rapidity in Si+A and Au+Au from E859/E866

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baker, M.D.

    1997-01-01

    Two particle correlation measurements for Si-A and Au- Au collisions from Brookhaven E859 and E866 are discussed. These measurements allow us, with some interpretation, to deduce the size of the participant region in a heavy ion collision. We show that various source parameterizations yield consistent results and we explore the dependence of the apparent source size on the pion yield

  9. A análise por injeção sequencial (SIA: vinte anos em uma perspectiva brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Cezar Vieira dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The year of 2010 marks the 20th anniversary of the development of Sequential Injection Analysis (SIA by Ruzicka and Marshall. Considered the second generation of the flow injection methods, this article briefly describes the history, the basic principles of the technique and reviews all papers developed by Brazilian scientists aiming the divulgation of this automation technique in Analytical Chemistry.

  10. SIA "Valrito" apgrozījuma palielināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Lazdiņš, Ivars

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darba mērķis ir izpētīt SIA „Valrito” attīstības iespējas, piedāvājot savam klientam iegādāties jaunu, līdz šim nepiedāvātu produktu līdz 2015. gadam, pielietojot projekta vadīšanas metodes.Darbs ietver uzņēmuma veikalu „Gustiņš” noieta tirgus, produktu un pakalpojumu piedāvājuma, un finanšu rādītāju izpēti, un analīzi. Risinājuma piedāvājumu, kura realizācijai par pamatu tiks ņemts jauna produkta ražošanas uzsākšana.Darba pētījuma ietvaros tiek definēta sekojoša problēma: Uzņēmums ...

  11. SIA „Origami” saimnieciskās darbības analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Skalbiņš, Verners

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „SIA „Origami” saimnieciskās darbības analīze”. Darbā apskatītais uzņēmums ir poligrāfijas nozares uzņēmums, kas specializējas lielformāta drukas jomā. Darba mērķis ir identificēt uzņēmuma stiprās un vājās puses, un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tā attīstībai un uzlabošanai. Mērķa sasniegšanai izvirzīti sekojoši uzdevumi: izpētīt uzņēmuma analīzes veikšanai nepieciešamo teorētisko bāzi, uz tās balstoties veikt uzņēmuma analīzi, kā arī izstrādāt secinājumus par līdzšinējo ...

  12. Projekts: SIA Ģimenes centrs" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Mensaha, Elizabete

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir projekts SIA „Ģimenes centrs” dibināšana. Ikviena cilvēka dzīvē ģimene ir pati svarīgākā. Ģimenē veidojas galvenie uzskati par to, kas ir labi vai slikti, pareizi vai nepareizi, godīgi vai negodīgi. Bērni, kuri jau no bērnības dzīvo labvēlīgās ģimenēs, zina, kā veidot labas attiecības savā un savu bērnu ģimenē, zina, kā pārvarēt sadzīviskas vai ikdienišķas problēmas, kuras bieži kļūst par ģimenes šķiršanās iemesliem. Laulības šķiršana ir viena no aktuālākajām mūsdienas ...

  13. SIA "Baltic Motors, Ltd" produkti, to attīstības iespējas

    OpenAIRE

    Silavs, Mārtiņš

    2011-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „SIA „Baltic Motors, Ltd produkti, to attīstības iespējas” tiek aplūkota Ford un Mazda automašīnu oficiālā pārstāvja darbība Latvijā, pašreiz sniegto produktu un pakalpojumu nozīmība veiksmīgai nākotnes darbībai, nozares raksturojums, produktu kustība mainīgajos apstākļos. Darba aktualitāti nosaka cilvēku nepieciešamību, uzskatu maiņa ekonomisko apstākļu ietekmē. Darba autors secina, ka cilvēki rūpīgāk izvērtē jaunu produktu iegādi, ir jūtīgi pret cenu izmaiņām, kas jauno a...

  14. Bioloģisko aktīvu uzskaite SIA "Lielvircava Agro"

    OpenAIRE

    Laščenko, Jeļena

    2010-01-01

    Latvijā bioloģisko aktīvu uzskaites problemātika ir neizpētīts jautājums, gan no zinātnisko pētījumu, gan no regulējuma aspekta. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt SIA „Lielvircava AGRO” piederošo bioloģisko aktīvu uzskaites īpatnības un izstrādāt priekšlikumus bioloģisko aktīvu uzskaites pilnveidošanai. Darba mērķi un uzdevumi tiek atspoguļoti darba divās loģiski saistītās nodaļās, secinājumos un priekšlikumos, literatūras sarakstā, kā arī pielikumos. Darba pirmā nodaļā tiek skaidrots bioloģis...

  15. SIA „Lattelecom Technology” darbība „DELL” produktu sadales kanālā.

    OpenAIRE

    Zēmele, Lāsma

    2009-01-01

    L. Zēmele SIA „Lattelecom Technology” darbība „DELL” produktu sadales kanālā Bakalaura darbs saturs:82 lpp, 10 tabulas, 16 attēlu un 16 pielikumu Bakalaura darbā raksturota SIA „Lattelecom Technology” darbība „DELL” produktu sadales kanālā. Darbā tiek analizēta produktu plūsma sadales kanālā, pasūtīšanas, uzglabāšanas un transportēšanas funkciju realizēšana šajā sadales kanālā, kā arī klientu apmierinātība ar uzņēmuma piedāvātajiem pakalpojumiem. Balstoties uz latviešu un ārzemj...

  16. A simple and economic slide micro-immunoenzymatic (Micro-SIA test for epidemiological studies of toxoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Rosenzvit

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available A slide micro-immunoenzymatic assay (micro-SIA to detectantibodies to non-particulate Toxoplasma gondii antigens is described. This assay allows the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis infection in about 1 hr. Twenty-four determinations can be performed per slide. Five hundred ng of antigen and 5 or 10 µl drop of each reactive are necessary per well. The clear contrast of colours obtained for negative and positive sera after the test is finished, allows direct discrimination of the results. However, it is possible to quantify the results of the reaction using a minireader. Sera dilution cutoff value, determined as themost frequent titre for the general population, is 1:100. The toxoplasma micro-SIA correlates well with indirect immunofluorescence (IIF, its sensitivity is atleast three times as much as IIF. The test has an intra and inter assay variation coefficient of 5.46 per cent and of 6.24 per cent respectively. Sera obtained at random from argentinian people were analyzed and a 56 per cent of infection was found. The main features of the Toxoplasma micro-SIA are its simplicity, sensitivity, reproducibility, and the virtual absence of background making it very suitable for screening tests.

  17. Mārketinga komunikāciju analīze uzņēmumā SIA "Adidas Baltics".

    OpenAIRE

    Zvīnis, Gusts Gustavs

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir “Mārketinga komunikāciju analīze uzņēmumā Sia “adidas Baltics” Darba mērķis ir pamatojoties uz apkopoto teorētiskās daļas informāciju par mārketinga komunikāciju veidiem un to plānošanu , analizēt uzņēmuma Sia “adidas Baltics” mārketinga komunikāciju efektivitāti Latvijas tirgū, rezultātā izstrādājot rekomendācijas uzņēmuma Sia “adidas Baltics” mārketinga komunikāciju efektivitātes palielināšanai. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no ievada, piecām nodaļām, secinājumiem un prie...

  18. Factor solutions of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) in a Swedish population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mörtberg, Ewa; Reuterskiöld, Lena; Tillfors, Maria; Furmark, Tomas; Öst, Lars-Göran

    2017-06-01

    Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit. Exploratory factor analyses (EFA) of the joint structure of the scales in the total population yielded a two-factor model (performance anxiety and social interaction anxiety), whereas EFA in the clinical sample revealed a three-factor solution, a social interaction anxiety factor and two performance anxiety factors. The SPS and SIAS showed good to excellent internal consistency, and discriminated well between patients with SAD and a normal population sample. Both scales showed good convergent validity with an established measure of SAD, whereas the discriminant validity of symptoms of social anxiety and depression could not be confirmed. The optimal cut-off score for SPS and SIAS were 18 and 22 points, respectively. It is concluded that the factor structure and the additional psychometric properties of SPS and SIAS support the use of the scales for assessment in a Swedish population.

  19. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS): a comparison of two short-form versions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fergus, Thomas A; Valentiner, David P; Kim, Hyun-Soo; McGrath, Patrick B

    2014-12-01

    The widespread use of Mattick and Clarke's (1998) Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) led 2 independent groups of researchers to develop short forms of these measures (Fergus, Valentiner, McGrath, Gier-Lonsway, & Kim, 2012; Peters, Sunderland, Andrews, Rapee, & Mattick, 2012). This 3-part study examined the psychometric properties of Fergus et al.'s and Peters et al.'s short forms of the SIAS and SPS using an American nonclinical adolescent sample in Study 1 (N = 98), American patient sample with an anxiety disorder in Study 2 (N = 117), and both a South Korean college student sample (N = 341) and an American college student sample (N = 550) in Study 3. Scores on both sets of short forms evidenced adequate internal consistency, interitem correlations, and measurement invariance. Scores on Fergus et al.'s short forms, particularly their SIAS short form, tended to capture more unique variance in scores of criterion measures than did scores on Peters et al.'s short forms. Implications for the use of these 2 sets of short forms are discussed. (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  20. SIA "Emīla Gustava šokolāde" šokolādes kvalitāte.

    OpenAIRE

    Balcere, Marika

    2007-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēmas nosaukums ir SIA „Emīla Gustava Šokolāde” šokolādes kvalitāte. Darba autore darba tēmu izvēlējās, jo ir strādājusi SIA „Emīla Gustava Šokolāde”, kā arī vēlējās gūt apstiprinājumu par izteikumu, ka SIA „Emīla Gustava Šokolāde” šokolāde ir ekskluzīva un izsmalcināta. Darba mērķis: iepazīties ar šokolādes kvalitāti. Darbs sastāv no divām daļām - teorētiskās un empīriskās daļas. 1. nodaļā aprakstīta šokolādes produktu attīstības vēsture. 2. nodaļā aprakstīta...

  1. Disponibilidade de água no solo e crescimento de artemísia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvalho Luciana M. de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Plantas de artemísia (Tanacetum parthenium L. Schultz-Bip., cultivadas em vasos com substrato mantido na capacidade de campo, a 90%, a 70% e a 50% da capacidade de campo foram comparadas quanto à altura, acúmulo de massa fresca na parte aérea, teor relativo de clorofila e teor de prolina. O teor relativo de clorofila foi estimado por meio do clorofilômetro SPAD-502, enquanto o teor de prolina foi determinado por colorimetria. Verificou-se reduções de 16% na altura e de 22,5% no acúmulo de massa fresca nas plantas crescidas a 50% da capacidade de campo, em relação àquelas crescidas a 90% da capacidade de campo. O teor relativo de clorofila nas folhas, em quaisquer dos níveis hídricos, decresceu com o tempo, indicando tendência à senescência. Apesar da redução contínua nos níveis de clorofila, as plantas mantidas a 50% da capacidade de campo tiveram, durante todo o tempo acompanhado, teor relativo de clorofila cerca de 30% mais alto comparado às plantas mantidas a 90% da capacidade de campo. O teor de prolina também foi maior nessas plantas, indicando ocorrência de estresse por deficiência hídrica e ajuste osmótico. O maior teor relativo de clorofila e de prolina nas folhas expandidas das plantas sob deficiência hídrica pode ser utilizado como indicativo de estresse.

  2. Lingots et couteaux en fer d'Alésia. Études archéométriques de pièces inédites

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pleiner, Radomír; Fluzin, P.; Mangin, M.; Billon, M.; Dillmann, P.; Vega, E.; Rabeisen, E.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 52, - (2003), s. 91-130 ISSN 1266-7706 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8002910 Keywords : lingots * knives * metallography * oppidum * Alésia Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  3. A eutanásia e os paradoxos da autonomia Euthanasia and the paradoxes of autonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O princípio de respeito à autonomia tem se mostrado muito útil para a argumentação bioética em favor da eutanásia. Sem embargo, a despeito de sua inquestionável eficácia teórica, inúmeras aporias podem ser levantadas, no momento em que se procede a uma análise rigorosa deste conceito, sendo possível colocá-lo em xeque. Com base nesta ponderação, o presente artigo busca investigar o princípio de autonomia, partindo de suas origens nas tradições grega e cristã e mapeando alguns desdobramentos na tradição ocidental, até sua formulação na modernidade, legado de Immanuel Kant. A seguir, são apresentados seus principais paradoxos, no âmbito da filosofia, biologia, psicanálise e política, expondo-se, assim, várias das dificuldades teóricas que precisam ser enfrentadas, a fim de tornar possível sua aplicabilidade no âmbito das decisões relativas ao fim da vida.The principle of respect for autonomy has proved very useful for bioethical arguments in favor of euthanasia. However unquestionable its theoretical efficacy, countless aporiae can be raised when conducting a detailed analysis of this concept, probably checkmating it. Based on such considerations, this paper investigates the principle of autonomy, starting with its origins in Greek and Christian traditions, and then charting some of its developments in Western cultures through to its modern formulation, a legacy of Immanuel Kant. The main paradoxes of this concept are then presented in the fields of philosophy, biology, psychoanalysis and politics, expounding several of the theoretical difficulties to be faced in order to make its applicability possible within the scope of decisions relating to the termination of life.

  4. Characterization of SiaA, a streptococcal heme-binding protein associated with a heme ABC transport system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sook, Brian R; Block, Darci R; Sumithran, Suganya; Montañez, Griselle E; Rodgers, Kenton R; Dawson, John H; Eichenbaum, Zehava; Dixon, Dabney W

    2008-02-26

    Many pathogenic bacteria require heme and obtain it from their environment. Heme transverses the cytoplasmic membrane via an ATP binding cassette (ABC) pathway. Although a number of heme ABC transport systems have been described in pathogenic bacteria, there is as yet little biophysical characterization of the proteins in these systems. The sia (hts) gene cluster encodes a heme ABC transporter in the Gram positive Streptococcus pyogenes. The lipoprotein-anchored heme binding protein (HBP) of this transporter is SiaA (HtsA). In the current study, resonance Raman (rR), magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies were used to determine the coordination state and spin state of both the ferric and ferrous forms of this protein. Identifiers from these techniques suggest that the heme is six-coordinate and low-spin in both oxidation states of the protein, with methionine and histidine as axial ligands. SiaA has a pKa of 9.7 +/- 0.1, attributed to deprotonation of the axial histidine. Guanidinium titration studies show that the ferric state is less stable than the ferrous state, with DeltaG(H2O) values for the oxidized and reduced proteins of 7.3 +/- 0.8 and 16.0 +/- 3.6 kcal mol-1, respectively. The reductive and oxidative midpoint potentials determined via spectroelectrochemistry are 83 +/- 3 and 64 +/- 3 mV, respectively; the irreversibility of heme reduction suggests that redox cycling of the heme is coupled to a kinetically sluggish change in structure or conformation. The biophysical characterization described herein will significantly advance our understanding of structure-function relationships in HBP.

  5. AMPELOGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AUTOCHTHONOUS GRAPE CULTIVAR “KALLMET” IN MAL��SIA E MADHE, ALBANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Bardhosh Ferraj; Elisabeta Susaj; Lush Susaj; Irena Kallco

    2012-01-01

    “Kallmet” is one of the most sprout autochthonous wine grape cultivar in the North-western and Central part of Albania. Study was conducted in three consecutive years, 2009-2011, in Malësia e Madhe, 250 m above the sea level, in the North-western part of Albania, in a 10 years old vineyard. For evaluation of the main characteristics the IPGRI Descriptors of Grapevine was used. Form of the new shoot tip of “Kallmet” is half-open, with no anthocianic coloration, and densely prostrate hairs. The...

  6. SIA model for buildings: energy-efficiency path for commercial and residential buildings. Preliminary study on the Swiss model for buildings - Basics for the revision of the 'SIA energy-efficiency path' - Final report; Gebaeudeparkmodell 'SIA Effizienzpfad Energie', Dienstleistungs- und Wohngebaeude. Vorstudie zum Gebaeudeparkmodell Schweiz - Grundlagen zur Ueberarbeitung des SIA Effizienzpfades Energie - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heeren, N.; Gabathuler, M.; Wallbaum, H. [Institut fuer Bauplanung und Baubetrieb, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule Zuerich (ETHZ), Zuerich (Switzerland); Jakob, M.; Martius, M.; Gross, N. [TEP Energy GmbH, Technology Economics Policy - Research and Advice, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of the project was to provide a basis for the revision of the so-called 'Efficiency Path' of the Swiss Association of Engineers and Architects (SIA) in the context of the goals of the 2000-Watt-Society. Particularly, the objective is to find the conditions in which the specific goals of the 2000-Watt-Society for residential, school and office buildings could be reached. Considered indicators are the per capita primary energy use in terms of average power and the greenhouse gas emissions. A bottom-up model was developed to estimate final and primary energy demand of the mentioned building types, broken down by different types of energy utilisation. Assumptions were made regarding the most important physical drivers as well as for regarding energy efficiency parameters of new buildings, building retrofits, building technologies and other energy applications in the residential, school and office buildings. Two basic scenarios were developed: an ambitious efficiency scenario was compared to a reference scenario which included current and foreseeable energy policy elements. Regarding electricity supply three scenario-variants of the so-called Swiss Energy Perspectives of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) were used: variant I b 'business-as-usual - nuclear and central fossil plants', IV a: Path to the 2000-Watt-Society - nuclear' and, IV e 'Path to the 2000-Watt-Society - renewable energies'. With this respect it was found that in the case of the efficiency scenario the influence of the electricity generation mix is relatively small. This finding is explained by the fact that hydro power (which is held more or less at the current level) has a large share in the power supply mix in the case of the efficiency scenario with moderate electricity demand and that hydro power is efficient in terms of primary energy and has considerably low greenhouse gas emissions. The results of the study show that with the underlying

  7. Personnel training experience in the radioactive waste management: 10 years of Moscow SIA 'RADON' international education training centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Batyukhnova, Olga; Dmitriev, Sergey; Arustamov, Artur; Ojovan, Mikhael

    2007-01-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: The education service for specialists dealing with radioactive waste was established in Russia (former USSR) in 1983 and was based on the capabilities of two organisations: the Moscow Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon') and the Chemical Department of Lomonosov's Moscow State University. These two organizations are able to offer training programs in the science fundamentals, applied research and in practical operational areas of the all pre-disposal activities of the radioactive waste management. Since 1997 this system was upgraded to the international level and now acts as International Education Training Centre (IETC) at SIA 'Radon' under the guidance of the IAEA. During 10 years more than 300 specialists from 26 European and Asian countries enhanced their knowledge and skills in radioactive waste management. The IAEA supported specialized regional training courses and workshops, fellowships, on-the-job training, and scientific visits are additional means to assure development of personnel capabilities. Efficiency of training was carefully analysed using the structural adaptation of educational process as well as factors, which have influence on education quality. Social-psychological aspects were also taken into account in assessing the overall efficiency. The analysis of the effect of individual factors and the efficiency of education activity were carried out based on attestation results and questioning attendees. A number of analytical methods were utilised such as Ishikawa's diagram method and Pareto's principle for improving of training programs and activities. (authors)

  8. HES and T'Sou-ke Nation awarded CanSIA solar project of the year

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-01-15

    Home Energy Solutions (HES) has installed the largest solar photovoltaic solar array in British Columbia. In 2009, the Sum-SHA-Thut installation won the award for the Solar Project of the Year by the Canadian Solar Industries Association (CanSIA). It was built for Vancouver Island's T'Sou-ke Nation and its success shows great promise for solar electric generation in Canada. Energy consumption has decreased 30 per cent since the installation in July 2009, making the T'Sou-ke First Nation the most solar-intensive nation per capita in the world. The solar community project demonstrates that as a clean, renewable source of energy, solar electricity is a real solution for climate change, both internationally and at a local level. The timing of the CanSIA award is significant for the Canadian solar industry, falling in the midst of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference and just shortly after Ontario introduced its micro feed-in-tariff program for renewable energy technologies. The project also demonstrates British Columbia's leadership in the alternative energy sector, and how solar can play a significant role in the future energy supply. 1 fig.

  9. SIA "Baltegle" naudas plūsmas analīze un vadīšana

    OpenAIRE

    Jegorova, Valērija

    2011-01-01

    Vairākiem Latvijas uzņēmumiem ir aktuālas stabilizēšanas problēmas, kuras ietekmēja naudas plūsmas neefektīva vadīšana. Diplomdarba mērķis ir novērtēt SIA „Baltegle” naudas plūsmu un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās optimizācijai. Pirmajā diplomdarba nodaļā apskatīta naudas plūsmas būtība, otrajā nodaļā - naudas plūsmas pārskata sagatavošanas īpatnības, trešajā nodaļā - analīzes un vadīšanas aspekti. Ceturtajā nodaļā pētīta SIA „Baltegle” saimnieciskā darbība. Piektajā nodaļā veikta uzņēmuma...

  10. Medellin ja Tallinn / Jakob Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Jakob, pseud., 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Itaalia arhitektuuri- ja disainiajakirjas "Abitare" tutvustati Kolumbia narkopealinnas Medellinis tehtud uuendusi. Sotsiaalse keskkonna analüüsist. Tallinna linnaplaneerimine kui ärihuvide kaardistamine

  11. Arhitektuuriuudiseid laiast maailmast / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Kaitserajatist või tööstushoonet meenutav eramu Coliumo poolsaarel Tšiilis (Pezo von Elrichshausen Architects, valminud 2005). Mooduleramu Tšehhis Beroun'is (Hajek, Hradecny & Speka, valminud 2002-2004). Korterelamud Sloveenias Ljubljanas (BEVK Perovic Arhitekti, valminud 2003-2005). Siseaeda avanevate akendega juuksurisalong/elamu Jaapanis Hokkaido saarel Yachimatas (arhitekt Ken Niizeki/Niizeki Studio, valminud 2002). Korterelamud Šveitsis Zürichis (Pool Architekten, Zürich, valminud 2005). Klaasist eramu Hollandis Oranjewoudis (Borren Staalenhoef Architecten, valminud 2005)

  12. HÖFF / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Haapsalu õudusfilmide festivalil HÕFF linastuvaid filme - "Ajaroimad" ("Los Cronocrimenes"; režii Nacho Vigalondo), "Mudapoiss" ("El nino de barro"; Jorge Algora), "Orbudekodu" (El orfanato"; Juan Antonio Bayona)

  13. Kepiga korda loomas / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör Susanna White'i koguperefilmist "Nanny McPhee ja suur pauk" (USA-Prantsuse-Suurbritannia, 2009). Film tugineb Christiana Brandi raamatutel "Nurse Matilda". Stsenaariumi kirjutas ja peaosa kehastab Emma Thompson

  14. PÖFF / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    14. Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali filmidest: "Tapja minu sees" (USA-Inglise 2010), "Saladus nende silmades" (Argentina-Hispaania 2009), "Ettearvamatud" (Itaalia 2010), "Polli päevikud" (Saksa-Austria-Eesti 2010), "Undiin" (Iiri-USA 2010), "Kong 211" (Prantsuse 2009)

  15. Alguses oli Piaf / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör Christopher Nolani põnevusfilmis "Algus" (USA-Inglise 2010) teeb kaasa ka prantsuse näitleja Marion Cotillard. Tuntuks sai näitlejanna peaosaga režissöör Olivier Dahani filmis "Edith Piaf - elusse armunud"

  16. Reflexões bioéticas sobre a eutanásia a partir de caso paradigmático

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Daniel Abreu; Almeida, Eduardo Robatto Plessim de; Silva, Felipe Freire da; Andrade, Layo Henrique Carvalho; Azevêdo, Leandro Anton de; Neves, Nedy Maria Branco Cerqueira

    2014-01-01

    Recentemente, na cidade de Curitiba/PR, ocorreu um fato que gerou grande repercussão nacional e suscitou questões acerca da "eutanásia", tema controverso e pouco debatido na população em geral, o que motivou a realização deste artigo. O objetivo do trabalho consiste em analisar aspectos envolvidos no processo de morrer: eutanásia e ortotanásia e sua relação com o princípio bioético da autonomia. Trata-se de revisão reflexiva de literatura tendo como base matéria publicada na imprensa, abordan...

  17. Reservatório de ardósia para sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Antonio Nogueira Andrade

    Full Text Available RESUMO No contexto da crescente pressão exercida no mundo todo sobre os recursos hídricos, qualitativa e quantitativamente, o desenvolvimento de tecnologias apropriadas para sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva surge como alternativa promissora. Este trabalho tem como principal objetivo apresentar uma tecnologia inovadora para armazenamento de água de chuva, trazendo como modelo a construção de um reservatório executado com placas de ardósia, com capacidade para 250 m3, que faz parte de um sistema de aproveitamento de água de chuva implantado em uma instalação suinícola no Oeste Catarinense. Nesse sistema, a água de chuva é destinada para dessedentação animal e higienização das instalações. Também são apresentados, porém com menos enfoque, os dispositivos de tratamento da água de chuva desenvolvidos no projeto. Realizou-se uma análise comparativa de custos entre esse reservatório e os comumente utilizados na região de estudo. Também foram feitas análises físico-químicas e bacteriológicas da água de chuva em diferentes pontos do sistema, a fim de verificar se a qualidade da água é adequada para os usos pretendidos. A tecnologia de construção de reservatórios de ardósia apresentou rapidez e facilidade de execução e baixo custo de construção. A ardósia, além de servir de forma para a moldagem da armadura e para a argamassagem, é um material natural e abundante na região central do Estado de Santa Catarina. As análises físico-químicas e bacteriológicas mostraram a eficiência dos dispositivos de tratamento da água de chuva aplicados neste trabalho. Por fim, observou-se que a água de chuva é adequada para dessedentação animal, já que atende às condições e padrões para as águas de Classe 3 da Resolução CONAMA 357. Deste modo, a nova tecnologia apresenta grande potencial de aplicação e viabilidade econômica para a região de estudo.

  18. Environmental Indicators for Italian Soils (SIAS Project: Development of a New Approach from Regional to Harmonised National Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Rischia

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Erosion and loss of organic matter of soils are two of the threats identified by the European Communication “Towards a Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection” (2002/267, and by the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection (COM 2006, 231. Regarding Italian context, a new approach that exploits soil data and expertise available at local level has been developed in a pilot project, named SIAS Project (Sviluppo Indicatori Ambientali sul Suolo that involves ISPRA (Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research as project coordinator and financing body, Regional Agency for Environmental Prevention and Protection in Veneto (ARPAV, responsible of the technical coordination of the activities, Regional Soil Survey Services that contribute to the methodology definition and responsible for the data elaboration within their region of the data, JRC and CRA – ABP as technical support. The SIAS Project concerns the building of two soil environmental indicators, erosion and organic matter content, based on harmonisation of regional data and according with the INSPIRE directive. The main aim of the SIAS Project can be summarised in exploiting at most the existing information and local expertise for indicator assessment in a relatively short time, in order to obtain interregional harmonisation of the information about erosion and organic matter content at regional scale. For this purpose, it has been chosen to assess and represent output data by a reference grid (1 km x 1 km with a common coordinate reference system, following the recommendations of the INSPIRE Directive. Furthermore an exchange format for storing data and metadata information has been set up jointly by the working group. So far a large part of the Northern and Central Italy has completed the project, while a part of Southern Region has only recently joined it. The results show that at the present moment there are some differences both in soil loss and in organic matter content

  19. Amnésia retrógrada funcional grave: relato de caso Severe functional retrograde amnesia: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maila de Castro L. Neves

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Uma síndrome amnésica clássica caracteriza-se por evidente prejuízo da memória anterógrada, variável e temporária amnésia retrógrada, sendo as formas não-declarativas da memória poupadas. Entretanto, publicações recentes relataram casos de prejuízo desproporcional da memória retrógrada em relação à anterógrada. OBJETIVOS: Relatar o caso de um paciente de 26 anos de idade com um quadro grave de amnésia retrógrada, aparentemente sem fatores desencadeantes. MÉTODOS: Entrevista psiquiátrica e avaliação neuropsicológica. RESULTADOS: A perda de memória do paciente se estendia por toda sua vida, mas ele era capaz de adquirir e reter novas informações. Ele também apresentava prejuízos na produção e na compreensão de palavras, assim como no reconhecimento e no uso de objetos. CONCLUSÃO: A formulação diagnóstica final do caso é difícil, apontando possivelmente o contínuo existente entre a amnésia retrógrada psicogênica e a orgânica.BACKGROUND: A classic amnestic syndrome is characterized by a significant impairment of the anterograde memory, a variable and transitory retrograde amnesia with preserved non-declarative memory. However, case reports of patients with disproportionate compromise of the retrograde memory have been described in the recent literature. OBJECTIVES: To report a 26-year-old patient with a severe global retrograde amnesia with no evident triggering factor. METHODS: Psychiatric interview and neuropsychological evaluation. RESULTS: His memory loss compromised all domains of his life, although he could acquire and retain new information. He also exhibited prominent deficits in production and comprehension of common words as well as in recognition and use of objects. DISCUSSION: The final diagnostic formulation of the present case is difficult possibly indicating a continuum between psychogenic and organic retrograde amnesia.

  20. Euthanasia in small animals in Teresina – PI/ Eutanásia em pequenos animais em Teresina – PI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezequiel Cardoso Saraiva de Almeida

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Euthanasia is a procedure frequently utilized in small animals with the objective to minimize suffering. In this way, it was realized the survey about reasons that leave the practitioner to realize the procedure and who are these animals. It was analyzed 17406 medical records. It was observed 166 euthanasia corresponding to 0.95%. The percentage of the euthanazied dogs were 97.59% and 2.41% felines. In relation to breed 26.10% were mongrel dogs, 20.48% German sheepherd, 9.04% Brazilian fila, 7.23% Pekinese and 36.75% other breeds. In relation to age, it was observed that 60.84% have 0 – 3 year, 15.06% 3 – 6 year, 4.82% 6 – 9 year, 4.22% 9 – 12 year, 1.2% above 12 year and 13.86% unknown age. About the reason of the euthanasia, 64.60% was sacrificed due to visceral leishmaniosis (calazar, 12.65% due to distemper and 22.89% due to other diseases. It was concluded that the most animals submitted to euthanasia were young, differently of the other countries. Among principal death reasons, it was included also infectious diseases that can be prevented by adequate vaccination.A eutanásia é um procedimento utilizado com freqüência em pequenos animais, com o objetivo principal de aliviar o sofrimento. Desta forma, realizou-se um levantamento sobre os motivos que levam um veterinário a indicá-la e quais são estes animais. Foram analisadas 17406 fichas, onde se observaram 166 eutanásias o que corresponde a 0,95%. A percentagem de cães eutanasiados foi de 97,59% e a de felinos 2,41%. Em relação à raça, 26,10% dos animais era sem raça definida, 20,48% pastor alemão, 9,04% fila brasileiro, 7,23% pequinês e 36, 75% outras raças. Com respeito à idade, registrou-se que 60,84% tinham entre 0 e 3 anos, 15,06% 3 e 6 anos, 4,82% 6 e 9 anos, 4,22% 9 e 12 anos, 1,20% acima de 12 anos e 13,86% idade desconhecida. Sobre o motivo da eutanásia, 64,60% dos animais foram eutanasiados devido à Leishmaniose Visceral Canina (calazar, 12,65% devido a

  1. Les tècniques del parlamentarisme racionalitzat en la Constitució de Tunísia de 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Olivetti, Marco

    2015-01-01

    La Constitució de Tunísia de 2014, que és el resultat del procés constituent obert l’any 2011, després de la derrota del president Ben Ali, conté una regulació detallada dels òrgans de govern que es distribueixen les funcions de direcció política (Assemblea de Representants del Poble, president de la República, cap del govern); la Constitució regula la formació, el funcionament, les competències d’aquests òrgans i les relacions entre ells. Les característiques més destacades de la forma de go...

  2. Automated washing of FTA Card punches and PCR setup for reference samples using a LIMS-controlled Sias Xantus automated liquid handler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Olsen, Addie Nina; Frøslev, Tobias G.

    2009-01-01

    We have implemented and validated automated methods for washing FTA Card punches containing buccal samples and subsequent PCR setup using a Sias Xantus automated liquid handler. The automated methods were controlled by worklists generated by our LabWare Laboratory Information Management System...

  3. Do Si/As ratios in growth medium affect arsenic uptake, arsenite efflux and translocation of arsenite in rice (Oryza sativa)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Zhao, Quanli; Xue, Peiying; Zhang, Shijie; Li, Bowen; Liu, Wenju

    2017-10-01

    Silicon (Si) may decrease the uptake and accumulation of arsenic (As) in rice. However, the effects of Si/As ratios in growth medium on arsenic uptake, arsenite efflux to the external medium and translocation of arsenite in rice are currently unclear. Rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) were exposed to nutrient solutions with 10 μM arsenite [As(III)] or 10 μM arsenate [As(V)] to explore the influence of different silicic acid concentrations (0, 10, 100, 1000 μM) on arsenic uptake and translocation of arsenite with or without 91 μM phosphate for 24 h. Arsenic speciation was determined in nutrient solutions, roots, and shoots. In the arsenite treatments, different Si/As ratios (1:1, 10:1, 100:1) did not affect As(III) uptake by rice roots, however they did inhibit translocation of As(III) from roots to shoots significantly (P rice roots and shoots. A Si/As ratio of 100:1 reduced As(III) translocation from roots to shoots markedly without phosphate. When phosphate was supplied, As(III) translocation from roots to shoots was significantly inhibited by Si/As ratios of 10:1 and 100:1. The results indicated that in the presence of P, different silicic acid concentrations did not impact arsenite uptake and transport in rice when arsenite was supplied. However, a Si/As ratio of 100:1 inhibited As(V) uptake, as well as As(III) efflux and translocation from roots to shoots when arsenate was supplied. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Effective e-learning for health professional and medical students: the experience with SIAS-Intelligent Tutoring System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Diana C; Ortiz, Alexandra; González, Carolina; López, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd

    2010-01-01

    Current e-learning systems are still inadequate to support the level of interaction, personalization and engagement demanded by clinicians, care givers, and the patient themselves. For effective e-learning to be delivered in the health context, collaboration between pedagogy and technology is required. Furthermore, e-learning systems should be flexible enough to be adapted to the students' needs, evaluated regularly, easy to use and maintain and provide students' feedback, guidelines and supporting material in different formats. This paper presents the implementation of an Intelligent Tutoring System (SIAS-ITS), and its evaluation compared to a traditional virtual learning platform (Moodle). The evaluation was carried out as a case study, in which the participants were separated in two groups, each group attending a virtual course on the WHO Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy supported by one of the two e-learning platforms. The evaluation demonstrated that the participants' knowledge level, pedagogical strategies used, learning efficiency and systems' usability were improved using the Intelligent Tutoring System.

  5. Radiation safety in the Moscow region: Experience of cooperation SUE SIA Radon with mass media and public

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grishin, O.; Rakov, S. [SUE SIA RADON, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-07-01

    Radiation safety in the present period acquires complex character and closely corresponds with other elements of social and political process, with various spheres of public life. After earthquake in Japan in March 11, 2011 and emergency on the nuclear power plant Fukushima-1 the theme of radiating safety of megapolises has today become urgent, as never. Provision of radiation safety of the Moscow region, taking into account a number of factors, is an important problem in a context of modernization state. Today in sphere of radio ecological safety there are certain achievements: new monitoring systems are developed, technological processes are improved, new information-communicative channels of interaction with mass media and public are formed. Information policy of enterprises the functioning of which is connected with provision of safe ecological conditions and its monitoring is focused on constant and duly informing of public through mass-media. Experience and technologies of interaction with mass-media and public of Moscow State Unitary-Enterprise- united ecological, scientific and research centre of decontamination of radioactive waste and environmental protection (State Unitarian Enterprise, Scientific and Industrial Association Radon, SUE SIA RADON) is submitted in the article. (author)

  6. Radiation safety in the Moscow region: Experience of cooperation SUE SIA Radon with mass media and public

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grishin, O.; Rakov, S.

    2012-01-01

    Radiation safety in the present period acquires complex character and closely corresponds with other elements of social and political process, with various spheres of public life. After earthquake in Japan in March 11, 2011 and emergency on the nuclear power plant Fukushima-1 the theme of radiating safety of megapolises has today become urgent, as never. Provision of radiation safety of the Moscow region, taking into account a number of factors, is an important problem in a context of modernization state. Today in sphere of radio ecological safety there are certain achievements: new monitoring systems are developed, technological processes are improved, new information-communicative channels of interaction with mass media and public are formed. Information policy of enterprises the functioning of which is connected with provision of safe ecological conditions and its monitoring is focused on constant and duly informing of public through mass-media. Experience and technologies of interaction with mass-media and public of Moscow State Unitary-Enterprise- united ecological, scientific and research centre of decontamination of radioactive waste and environmental protection (State Unitarian Enterprise, Scientific and Industrial Association Radon, SUE SIA RADON) is submitted in the article. (author)

  7. Characterization of the N-Acetyl-5-neuraminic Acid-binding Site of the Extracytoplasmic Solute Receptor (SiaP) of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Strain 2019

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnston, Jason W.; Coussens, Nathan P.; Allen, Simon; Houtman, Jon C.D.; Turner, Keith H.; Zaleski, Anthony; Ramaswamy, S.; Gibson, Bradford W.; Apicella, Michael A. (Iowa); (Buck Inst.)

    2012-11-14

    Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is an opportunistic human pathogen causing otitis media in children and chronic bronchitis and pneumonia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The outer membrane of nontypeable H. influenzae is dominated by lipooligosaccharides (LOS), many of which incorporate sialic acid as a terminal nonreducing sugar. Sialic acid has been demonstrated to be an important factor in the survival of the bacteria within the host environment. H. influenzae is incapable of synthesizing sialic acid and is dependent on scavenging free sialic acid from the host environment. To achieve this, H. influenzae utilizes a tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter. In this study, we characterize the binding site of the extracytoplasmic solute receptor (SiaP) from nontypeable H. influenzae strain 2019. A crystal structure of N-acetyl-5-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac)-bound SiaP was determined to 1.4 {angstrom} resolution. Thermodynamic characterization of Neu5Ac binding shows this interaction is enthalpically driven with a substantial unfavorable contribution from entropy. This is expected because the binding of SiaP to Neu5Ac is mediated by numerous hydrogen bonds and has several buried water molecules. Point mutations targeting specific amino acids were introduced in the putative binding site. Complementation with the mutated siaP constructs resulted either in full, partial, or no complementation, depending on the role of specific residues. Mass spectrometry analysis of the O-deacylated LOS of the R127K point mutation confirmed the observation of reduced incorporation of Neu5Ac into the LOS. The decreased ability of H. influenzae to import sialic acid had negative effects on resistance to complement-mediated killing and viability of biofilms in vitro, confirming the importance of sialic acid transport to the bacterium.

  8. Dysthanasia, euthanasia, orthotanasia: the perceptions of nurses working in intensive care units and care implications Distanasia, eutanasia y ortotanasia: percepciones de los enfermeros de unidades de terapias intensiva e implicaciones en la asistencia Distanásia, eutanásia e ortotanásia: percepções dos enfermeiros de unidades de terapia intensiva e implicações na assistência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaiane Amorim Biondo

    2009-10-01

    ,81% supieron citarlos. El fundamento para actuar profesionalmente, entre los enfermeros, no fue homogéneo y el conocimiento acerca del tema todavía es limitado. La búsqueda por la ortotanasia, los principios bioéticos y la humanización de la asistencia deberían ser fundamentos de su asistencia.Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar as percepções dos enfermeiros que atuam em UTI de um hospital universitário, no Brasil, sobre distanásia, ortotanásia e eutanásia e caracterizar as possíveis implicações na assistência. Trata-se de pesquisa com abordagem quantitativa, aplicando-se questionário em 27 enfermeiros, após autorização do Comitê de Ética da Instituição e aceite formal dos sujeitos. Nenhum enfermeiro soube conceituar eutanásia, metade conceituou distanásia e apenas um terço a ortotanásia. Do total, 65,39% reconhecem algum desses processos em sua prática diária, 25,9% afirmam não acreditar que o enfermeiro pode contribuir sabendo desses conceitos e sua aplicabilidade, 82,36% relataram ser importante saber os princípios bioéticos, mas somente 14,81% souberam citá-los. O fundamento do agir profissional dos enfermeiros não foi homogêneo e o conhecimento acerca do tema ainda é limitado. A busca pela ortotanásia, os princípios bioéticos e a humanização da assistência deveriam ser fundamentos de sua assistência.

  9. Eutanásia: pelas veredas da morte e da autonomia Euthanasia: along the road of death and autonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo parte da pergunta: o estabelecimento de um conceito de morte, que possa ser considerado fidedigno e, portanto, consensual, seria premissa crucial para a legitimação moral da eutanásia? Procura responder, expondo os problemas que cercam as tentativas de uma definição - científica - de morte, no momento em que se tenta utilizá-la na tomada de decisões - éticas - em relação ao fim da vida, como no caso da eutanásia e do suicídio assistido. Baseia a argumentação na Lei de Hume, que proíbe a inferência de "valores" a partir de "fatos", e na concepção evolutiva de conceitos científicos, decorrente da distinção, de origem kantiana, entre o que é (coisa em si ou númeno e o que é conhecido (ou fenômeno, e cuja principal conclusão, de tipo metodológico, é a incomensurabilidade entre a ordem dos fatos e dos valores, ou seja, uma definição de um evento/processo como a morte só pode ser comparada com outra definição pertencente à mesma ordem, o mesmo aplicável aos valores. De outro modo, o manuscrito procura delimitar um referencial alternativo para o debate, que, apesar de suas limitações, se mostra bastante útil para a argumentação bioética: o princípio da autonomia, intrínseco à ordem dos valores.This article sets out from the question: Would a definition of the concept of death, which could be considered trustworthy and therefore consensual, be considered crucial for the moral legitimacy of euthanasia? It seeks to address this quest expounding on the problems involving the attempts of a scientific definition of death when this definition is necessary for ethical consideration related to the end of life, as it is the case in euthanasia or assisted suicide. The argumentation is based on Hume's Law which prohibits "values" to interfere with "facts" and on the evolutionary concept of scientific ideas arising from Kant's famous distinction between the unknowable thing-in itself and the knowable thing

  10. O Paquistão e as estratégias ocidentais para a Ásia Meridional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abelardo Arantes Júnior

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Confrontadas com o risco de guerra nuclear entre o Paquistão e a Índia, as potências ocidentais têm procurado exercer algum controle sobre os acontecimentos no Sul da Ásia; instaram os dois países a encetar negociações bilaterais, promoveram a não-proliferação e aplicaram sanções de tempos em tempos. O Paquistão é muito sensível às políticas ocidentais, sobretudo às dos Estados Unidos, porém nunca abriu mão de dois critérios fundamentais de sua política externa: a exigência de autodeterminação para a Cachemira e a dissuasão nuclear. Os Estados Unidos agora mostram um poder e uma influência incontrastáveis, mas após a crise do Iraque a unidade das grandes potências revela fissuras. Ao mesmo tempo, o retorno ao regime civil e parlamentar no Paquistão aumenta a força dos partidos nacionalistas e islâmicos, que querem conter a influência dos Estados Unidos e ampliar os laços com a França, a Alemanha, a Rússia e a China. Nesse novo e fluido ambiente político, a evolução das relações entre o Paquistão e a Índia terá forte impacto sobre as estratégias ocidentais para o Sul da Ásia e para o mundo em geral.Faced with the risk of a nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India, the Western powers have tried to exert a measure of control upon events in South Asia; they urged those two countries to start bilateral negotiations, promoted non-proliferation, and from time to time applied sanctions. Pakistan is very sensitive to Western policies, above all those of the United States, but it never gave up two fundamental criteria of its foreign policy: the demand of self-determination for Kashmir and nuclear deterrence. The United States now shows unmatched power and influence, but after the Iraqi crisis the unity of the great powers became shaky. At the same time the return to a civilian and parliamentarian regime in Pakistan added strength to the nationalist and Islamic parties, which want to contain United States

  11. Amnésia Global Transitória: Relato de Caso/ Transitory Global Amnesia: a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpio Antônio Cornehl da Silva

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A amnésia global transitória (AGT consiste na ocorrência de sintomas como perda da memória e perda da orientação temporal e/ou espacial, de caráter temporário, e cuja causa não está associada às condições neurológicas mais comuns e clássicas, como epilepsia ou acidente vascular cerebral (AVC. Os maiores fatores de risco conhecidos para a AGT são a idade, geralmente ocorrendo em maiores de 50 anos, a ocorrência de episódios de estresse ou esforço físico antes do evento, sendo comum ocorrer em pessoas com antecedentes de enxaqueca. Casuística: Neste trabalho foi relatado o caso de um paciente de 61 anos, do sexo masculino, com história de amnésia com duração de um período de 5 horas. O mesmo foi submetido ao exame de ressonância magnética no dia seguinte que não evidenciou alterações; devido à suspeita de AGT, um novo exame de RM foi realizado três dias depois, demonstrando pequena área de alteração de sinal no hipocampo direito. Discussão: Os testes diagnósticos a serem realizados incluem exames para investigar um possível AVC ou episódio epiléptico. Além disso, é importante a investigação de fatores psicossomáticos e pesquisa de transtornos psiquiátricos associados, bastante relacionados à ocorrência de AGT. Conclusão: Atualmente, ainda há estudos sobre esta patologia, principalmente em relação a sua causa subjacente, levantando-se a hipótese de que seja um sintoma comum a diversas doenças e não uma patologia em si, tornando de suma importância os exames complementares de imagem no seu diagnóstico. Introduction: Transient global amnesia (TGA is the occurrence of symptoms such as loss of memory and orientation to time and/or space, with a temporary character, and whose cause is not linked to the most common classic and neurological conditions, such as epilepsy or stroke. The major known risk factors for TGA are age, usually occurring in greater than 50 year-old people the

  12. Percepção de enfermeiros intensivistas sobre distanásia em unidade de terapia intensiva Intensivist nurses perception of intensive care unit dysthanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Salomão da Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar e analisar a percepção de enfermeiros da unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital escola em Londrina sobre distanásia em pacientes terminais na unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS: Estudo de natureza qualitativa. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista semi-estruturada gravada, com nove enfermeiros das unidades de terapia intensiva de um hospital escola, no mês de janeiro de 2009. Foi utilizada a análise temática para analisar os discursos dos sujeitos e identificar as categorias de discussão. RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas cinco categorias que foram discutidas com base na experiência dos autores e na literatura, sendo elas: medidas que prolongam a vida do paciente fora de possibilidade de cura na unidade de terapia intensiva; ações/reações dos enfermeiros diante da distanásia; motivos que levam ao prolongamento da vida de pacientes fora de possibilidade de cura; sentimentos dos enfermeiros sobre a distanásia e prolongamento da vida; medidas de cuidado em oposição à distanásia. CONCLUSÃO: A vivência dos enfermeiros perante as ações de distanásia mostrou-se complexa, sendo um fator de sofrimento, frustração a inquietação para estes profissionais. A falta de comunicação destaca-se como fator importante na visão dos enfermeiros para a ocorrência de distanásia e a medida para substituir a distanásia são os cuidados que proporcionam alivio do sofrimento.PURPOSE: Identify and evaluate the perception of Intensivist Nurses in a University Hospital in Londrina, of dysthanasia in terminal patients at the Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: Qualitative study. Data were collected by semi-structured recorded interview involving nine nurses working in a university hospital intensive care units, during January 2009. A thematic analysis was used to evaluate subjects' speech and identify discussion categories. RESULTS: Five categories were identified, discussed based on the authors' experience and

  13. Enteroparasitoses em escolares do Distrito de Martinésia, Uberlândia, MG: um estudo piloto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Borges Ferreira

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho avalia a ocorrência de parasitas intestinais em estudantes do Distrito de Martinésia, município de Uberlândia (MG. Foram examinadas 103 crianças, no período de setembro a novembro de 1995, segundo o método de Lutz ou Hoffman, Pons & Janer. O coeficiente geral de prevalência foi de 22,3% e os índices de infecção mais elevados foram observados no grupo etário 8 a 9 anos (34,8%, nos moradores da vila (30,0% e no sexo feminino (26,9%. Helmintoses e protozooses apresentaram taxas de prevalência similares (10,7% e 12,6%, respectivamente. Giardia lamblia foi o único protozoário parasito verificado e apenas um caso de poliparasitismo foi encontrado. Conclui-se que a prevalência de enteroparasitoses no grupo estudado é menor do que o esperado para uma comunidade rural, o que é, provavelmente, uma conseqüência das boas condições sanitárias presentes naquele distrito.This work evaluates the occurence of intestinal parasites in the students of the Martinesia district, Uberlândia municipality, Minas Gerais State. A total of 103 children were examined, from september to november 1995, according to Lutz or Hoffman, Pons and Janer method. The overall prevalence rate was 22.3% and the highest indices of infection were observed in 8-9 age group (34.8%, in village dwellers (30.0% and in females (26.9%. Helminthosis and protozoosis showed similar prevalence rates (10.7% and 12.6%, respectively. Giardia lamblia was the unique protozoan parasite verified and only one case of poliparasitism was found. We concluded that: the prevalence of enteroparasitosis in the studied group is lower than expectations for a rural community, what is, probably, a consequence of the good sanitary conditions presenting in that district.

  14. Plano de marketing internacional para a indústria metalomecânica no mercado da Indonésia : o caso ADIRA

    OpenAIRE

    Tedim, Ilda Filipa de Sousa

    2015-01-01

    Ao longo do presente estudo, serão analisados aspetos cruciais do desenvolvimento e implantação de um plano de marketing internacional no mercado da Indonésia para a indústria metalomecânica. O plano será desenvolvido com base na estrutura sugerida por Cateora, Gilly e Graham, em 2013. Este divide-se em quatro principais capítulos definidos como análise preliminar, definição do mercado e marketing mix, desenvolvimento do plano de marketing e implementação e controlo. A primeira etapa passa...

  15. Passado e presente: Sicília e Mileto, Roma e Afrodísias no romance de Cáriton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane da Silva Duarte

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Quéreas e Calírroe, romance de Cáriton de Afrodísias (I d.C., tem como ponto de partida e de retorno do par protagonista a cidade de Siracusa, na Sicília do início do século IV a.C.. Uma parte considerável da ação, contudo, se passa em Mileto, para onde se desloca a heroína. Procura-se investigar aqui as razões dessa opção de Cáriton, que já na primeira sentença de sua obra proclama sua nacionalidade, alertando o leitor que o autor é um grego que vive na periferia do império romano. A hipótese é que a escolha por situar a ação do romance no passado reflita menos a emulação do relato historiográfico, especialmente o de Tucídides, mas antes uma estratégia para tratar indiretamente da relação entre Afrodísias e Roma no presente.

  16. Izmaksu un ieņēmumu klasifikācija un analīze mediju aģentūrā SIA "Carat"

    OpenAIRE

    Ozoliņa, Evita

    2013-01-01

    Diplomdarba tēma ir „Izmaksu un ieņēmumu klasifikācija un analīze mediju aģentūrā SIA „Carat””. Katrai Latvijas sabiedrībai (uzņēmumam) ir svarīgi apzināties tās ražošanas izmaksas, veikt šo izmaksu uzskaiti, iegrāmatošanu un turpmāko plānošanu ilgtermiņā. Reklāma ir ietekmīgs sabiedrības preces, pakalpojuma un citu objektu popularizēšanas līdzeklis. Tā kā Latvijā ekonomiskās lejupslīdes gados strauji kritās reklāmas tirgus, darba autorei ir aktuāli raksturot, pētīt un analizēt SIA „Car...

  17. Agentes ligantes e seus efeitos em concretos refratários alumina-magnésia Binders and their effects on alumina-magnesia refratory castables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. L. Braulio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Concretos refratários alumina-magnésia são comumente ligados por cimentos de aluminato de cálcio. Estes materiais apresentam, em temperaturas elevadas, uma reação de caráter expansivo decorrente da espinelização in-situ (MgAl2O4. Quando ligados por cimentos, reações adicionais (formação de CA2 e CA6 contribuem para a expansão. Uma alternativa para controlar a estabilidade volumétrica é a substituição do cimento tipicamente utilizado (~30%-p CaO por outro de menor teor de cálcio (~20%-p CaO ou por alumina hidratável. Tais substituições podem afetar as propriedades dos concretos, como a resistência mecânica a frio, a hidratação da magnésia e as propriedades durante e após a sinterização. Deste modo, o objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o impacto destes ligantes no processamento de concretos alumina-magnésia. Sendo assim, pretende-se utilizar a fonte de ligante como uma ferramenta para a obtenção de concretos refratários com expansão engenheirada, visando-se aumentar a flexibilidade na seleção de materiais aplicados em panelas de siderurgia.The usual binder of alumina-magnesia castables is the calcium aluminate cement. Due to in-situ spinel (MgAl2O4 formation at high temperatures, these materials present an expansive behavior. When bonded with cement, further reactions (CA2 and CA6 formation also contribute to the overall expansion. Changing the most common cement used (~ 30 wt.% CaO for other containing less calcia (~ 20 wt.% CaO or for hydratable alumina are suitable alternatives for controlling the castables' volumetric stability. Nevertheless, the binder replacement may affect castables properties, such as cold mechanical strength, MgO hydration degree and properties during and after sintering. Therefore, the objective of the present paper is to analyze the effects of these binders on the alumina-magnesia castables processing. As a result, the binder systems can be used as a tool for designing the alumina

  18. DESARROLLO DE UN SISTEMA EN FLUJO MEDIANTE INYECCIÓN SECUENCIAL (SIA) PARA LA DETERMINACIÓN DE ZINC EN LECHE EN POLVO Y FÓRMULAS INFANTILES

    OpenAIRE

    Mariela Pistón; Moisés Knochen

    2011-01-01

    Se presenta el desarrollo y optimización de un sistema en flujo con inyección secuencial (SIA) para la determinación de zinc en leche en polvo y fórmulas infantiles. La determinación se basa en la reacción de Zn(II) con zincón a pH 9 en presencia de citrato de sodio para enmascarar interferentes de la matriz con detección espectrofotométrica a 612 nm. El sistema fue optimizado mediante experimentos multivariantes. El sistema validado presentó un rango lineal de 0.4 a 10 mg L-1, la precisión d...

  19. Kamuflaažmaja / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2013-01-01

    Oskuslikult mändide vahele sobitatud eramu Tallinna lähedal. Arhitektid Illimar Truverk ja Priit Hamer (Arhitekt11/Agabus, Endjärv & Truverj Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Külli Salum ja Riina Harik (Saha In). Veel lõplikult teostamata maastikuarhitektuurse lahenduse kavandasid Kätlin Ölluk ja Kadi Markna. Ehitusaeg: 2010-2012. Elamispind: 409/160 m²

  20. Kõristid Vene karu tagumikus / Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taro, Igor

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa vajadus Afganistani suunal NATOga koostööd teha ei jää alla alliansi vajadusele Venemaa abi järele, kuna Afganistan kujutab endast narkootikumide eksportijat ja terroriohtu otse Venemaa külje all. Kaart: Afganistan on Venemaale eluliselt sama tähtis kui NATO-le

  1. Ühest kohalikust naisseltsist / Lembit Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Lembit, 1948-

    2013-01-01

    Kirjutise eesmärgiks on tutvustada Eesti Põllumajandusmuuseumis Roela-Altserva Maanaiste Seltsi kohta säilitatavaid dokumente (625 säilikut) ja iseloomustada põhilisi tegevussuundi, et aidata paremini mõista seltsi osatähtsust maaelus

  2. Koolileht reklaamib hiliseid lokaale / Marta Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Marta

    1999-01-01

    Tamme gümnaasiumi ajalehes 'Tammepress' on esiküljele paigutatud Tartu ärimehele Rein Kilgile kuuluva Zum-Zumi-nimelise lokaali reklaam. Pildil joovad loomad õlut ja viina ning suitsetavad. Samas numbris reklaamitakse koolilastele R. Kilgi suurprojekti Ammende villat ja lõbusõidulaeva 'Pegasus'.

  3. Kindlasti... võib-olla / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus komöödiafilmist "Kindlasti... võib-olla" ("Definitely, Maybe") : režissöör Adam Brooks : osades Abigail Breslin, Ryan Reynolds : Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid - Prantsusmaa 2008

  4. Kui Julia armastab Juliat / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2007-01-01

    Inglise 3-osaline draamasari "Apelsinid pole ainsad viljad" ("Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit"), stsenarist oma esikromaani alusel Jeanette Winterson, peaosas Charlotte Coleman. Sama ka : Teleleht nr. 45, lk. 9 : ill

  5. Armin Karu muutus Eesti rikkaimaks / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Olympic Casino aktsiaid oli müügis 1,124 miljardi krooni eest, märgiti neid aga 7,5 miljardi krooni eest. Diagrammid: Viimaste börsiletulijate aktsia hinna liikumine kroonides esimesel kümnel päeval; Olympic tõi juurde uusi investoreid; Uute väärtpaberikontode arv; Aktsiaid märkinud jaeinvestorite arv viimastel IPOdel. Kommenteerivad Rainer Jürgenson, Peeter Koppel, Riho Talumaa ja Rainer Änilane

  6. Arhitektuuriuudiseid laiast maailmast - piiratud ruum / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Laevmaja Hollandis Muggenbeet'is (arhitekt Arnoud Olie, 2004-2005), noore pere korter Pariisis (arhitektid Nicola ja Adelaide Marchi, 2005), loft house Nagoyas (Shinichi Ogawa & Associates, 2005), eksperimentaalne elamu Lucky Drops Tokyos (Atelire Tekuto + Masahiro Ikeda CO., LMT., 2005), galeriikorter Cafe Au Lit Pariisis (arhitektid Didier Fuzia Faustino, Pascal Mazoyer, Bureau des Mesarchitectures, 2005), Studio D Tokyos (Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth, 2005)

  7. Villa Draiver / Mihkel Karu ; kommenteerinud Terje Truumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Villa Draiver (160 m2) Kuressaares Kotkapoja tänaval. Arhitekt ja sisearhitekt Terje Truumaa. Ehitaja: AS Kuressaare Ehitus. Valmis: 2008. Valdavas osas laia püstise helebeeži laudisega kaetud monoliitbetoonist hoone on mõeldud väljaüürimiseks golfihuvilistele

  8. Lorena reeglid / Lorena Rojas ; interv. Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rojas, Lorena

    2007-01-01

    Mehhiko telenovelade staar, kes mängib ka sel hooajal TV3s jooksvas seriaalis "Teine võimalus" ("El cuerpo del deseo"), valiti ajak. People poolt 2006.a. maailma 100 ilusama naise hulka. Sama : Teleleht nr. 3, lk. 38 : ill

  9. Välismaa arhitektuuriuudised / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroode Office dA ja Johnston Markelee öko-bensiinijaam. Neutlelings-Riedijk AB projekteeritud elamu Rotterdami tööstuspiirkonnas. Paviljon-kohvik Lissabonis, arhitektid Joao Pedro Falcao de Campos ja Jose Ricardo Vaz. Eramu Prantsusmaal, arhitektuuribüroo Peripherique Architects

  10. Välismaa arhitektuuriuudised / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Kunstimuuseum New Yorgis. Mälestusmärk Madridi 2004. aasta pommiplahvatuses hukkunutele (FAM Arquitectos). Teaduskeskus Taanis Nordborgis (arhitekt Jürgen Mayer). Eramu Jaapanis (Datar Architects). Noortekeskus Melbourne'is (Phooey Architects). Koolimaja Šveitsis (IPAS)

  11. Must maja, valge aed / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2012-01-01

    Laagris 2010. aastal valminud eramust. Tänavapoolne aed on valatud betoonist. Arhitektid: Peeter Pere, Urmas Muru, Anna-Maria Erik (AB Muru & Pere). Sisearhitektid: Katrin Kaevats, Peeter Pere, Urmas Muru. Projekt. 2008. Peeter Pere kommentaar

  12. Juhmus ei tunne mingeid maakonnapiire / Kadri Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kadri

    2006-01-01

    Papa Kreutzwaldi Õueteatris Lauluisa muuseumi õuel juulis etendunud Tartu Ülikooli Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia kuuenda lennu teatritudengite lusti- ja laulumäng "Kilplased" F. R. Kreutzwaldi juttude ainetel, lavastaja Katri Aaslav-Tepandi. Kaheksa näitlejatudengit räägivad Kilplastest ja Rändteatri teekonnast

  13. Telenovela'de keel / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2007-01-01

    Kolumbia telenovela "Luna" peategelasi kehastavad venetsueelalane Gaby Espino ja peruulane Christian Meier. Üheks raskuseks töö juures on erinevate aktsentide ühtlustamise vajadus. Lühidalt ka näitlejate varasemast karjäärist

  14. A prevenção da distanásia nas legislações brasileira e francesa Preventive measures against medical futility in brazilian and french legislations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Antonio de Carvalho Fortes

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O texto pretende trazer uma breve reflexão bioética sobre as legislações brasileira e francesa incidentes sobre a distanásia.The text intends to encourage a brief bioethical discussion about medical futility as currently found in Brazilian and French legislations.

  15. Pós 11 de setembro de 2.001 (II – Fortalecimento de novo paradigma de encontro entre civilizações na Ásia-Pacífico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Antônio Pereira Pinto

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente busca delinear, sob o prisma civilizacional, os rumos das relações entre os países da Ásia-Pacífico a serem tomados após os ataques terroristas de 11 de setembro de 2001.

  16. Uma "morte suave": valores religiosos e laicos nos discursos sobre ortotanásia A "gentle death", religious and lay values in the discourses about orthothanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Aisengart Menezes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a controvérsia em torno da gestão do término da vida, a partir da análise da ação civil pública provocada pelo Ministério Público Federal, com o intuito de revogar a Resolução 1805/2006 do Conselho Federal de Medicina sobre a ortotanásia. Consideram-se aqui os argumentos médico e jurídico, em suas articulações com valores religiosos. A reflexão acerca dos discursos no processo judicial, em defesa de cada posicionamento (favorável e contrário à autorização legal da ortotanásia possibilita uma compreensão das tramas e dos atores sociais envolvidos nos debates contemporâneos sobre os limites da vida, sobre as possibilidades de intervenção médica e acerca dos direitos de autonomia individual, diante da faculdade de tomada de decisões no último período de vida, no caso de pessoa com doença crônico-degenerativa, em fase terminal.This article addresses the controversy surrounding end-of-life management, based on an analysis of the Public Civil Suit, brought by the Federal Prosecutor's Office, which aimed to revoke the Federal Medical Council's Resolution 1805/2006 about orthothanasia. The reflection about the discourses in the judicial proceedings, in defense of each position (for and against the legal authorization of orthothanasia, makes it possible to understand the threads and social actors involved in contemporary debates about the limits of life, the possibilities for medical intervention and the rights to individual autonomy, in face of the decision making process during the last stage of life, in the case of a person suffering the terminal phase of a chronic degenerative disease.

  17. Finanšu pārskata revīzija un tās gaita uzņēmumā SIA “X”

    OpenAIRE

    Pocjus, Evita

    2016-01-01

    Diplomdarba tēma: „Finanšu pārskata revīzija un tās gaita uzņēmumā SIA „X”” Finanšu pārskata revīzija ir būtiska, jo arī Latvijas Zvērināto revidentu asociācijas apkopotie statistikas dati norāda, ka Latvijā ~90% no pirmreizēji revidētiem uzņēmumiem tiek atklātas būtiskas neatbilstības grāmatvedības uzskaitē, tās atbilstībai LR likumiem un normatīviem aktiem, kā arī finanšu pārskata sagatavošanā. Finanšu pārskata revīzija ir nepieciešama katram uzņēmumam, kurš grib iegūt klientu un sadarbība...

  18. Vadītāju vadības lomu novērtējums uzņēmumā SIA "DKD".

    OpenAIRE

    Tomiņš, Dāvis

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir “Vadītāju vadības lomu novērtējums uzņēmumā SIA DKD”. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz pieejamo informāciju, par vadības lomām un pētījumā iegūto datu analīzi, pilnveidot vadītāja vadīšanas pieejas organizācijā, identificējot nepilnības vadītāju lomu izmantošanā. Darba mērķa sasniegšanai autors izvirzīja sekojošus uzdevumus - iepazīties un izpētīt zinātnisko literatūru par vadītāja vadības lomām, izpētīt uzņēmuma sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību “DKD” vadīb...

  19. Apropriações da Instrução ao Sósia na análise da atividade de trabalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alda Karoline Lima da Silva

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo fundamenta-se em quatro experiências de pesquisa nas quais foi utilizada a técnica de Instrução ao Sósia (IaS para análise da atividade de trabalho em variados contextos laborais. São apresentadas e discutidas as aplicações da técnica nessas pesquisas norteadas pela abordagem teórica e metodológica da Clínica da Atividade. As experiências mencionadas efetivaram-se em diferentes ambientes laborais - hospitais, universidades, praias - com seus respectivos participantes (profissionais de saúde, professores e trabalhadores informais. O uso da técnica ensejou diversos fenômenos psíquicos, dentre os quais se destaca a reflexão do trabalhador sobre sua atividade, tanto no âmbito da dimensão clínica da atividade de trabalho como na esfera da identificação de competências diante os possíveis desenrolar da atividade. As contribuições oriundas de tais experiências permitem indicar a técnica para futuros estudos em diferentes contextos laborais, o que evidencia amplas possibilidades de utilização.

  20. SIA "Statoil Fuel & Retail Latvia" komunikācijas sociālajos medijos; klientu uzrunāšana un uzklausīšana

    OpenAIRE

    Černova, Egita

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā "SIA "Statoil Fuel & Retail Latvia" komunikācijas sociālajos medijos; klientu uzrunāšana un uzklausīšana" tika pētīta uzņēmuma komunikācija sociālajos tīklos - komunicēšanas veids, identificējot sociālo tīklu lietotāju viedokli par to. Darba mērķis izpētīt „Statoil” komunikāciju sociālajos medijos un secinājumus piedāvāt kā ierosinājumus uzņēmuma komunikācijas pilnveidošanai. Darba teorētisko daļu veido nodaļas par Gruniga sabiedrisko attiecību komunikācijas modeļiem, so...

  1. O cinema como instrumento cidático para a abordagem de problemas bioéticos: uma reflexão sobre a eutanásia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anielle Avelina Dantas

    Full Text Available O ensino da ética é necessário à formação dos alunos do curso de Medicina, pois o cuidado da saúde dos indivíduos e das populações pressupõe ações e decisões que devem ser permanentemente avaliadas de modo racional com respeito às suas reais e efetivas repercussões. As artes cinematográficas podem estimular a avaliação crítica e o entendimento efetivo das narrativas e necessidades únicas dos pacientes. O objetivo do presente estudo é mostrar que a análise estruturada de um filme comercial pode constituir uma atividade instrucional facilitadora para a concretização de objetivos educacionais relativos ao ensino da bioética e, em particular, dos problemas morais concernentes à eutanásia. Foi realizada uma interpretação macro e microanalítica do filme Mar Adentro e identificaram-se exemplos de situações e oportunidades de ensino-aprendizagem. O critério de seleção das cenas se pautou na capacidade de estas revelarem conteúdos e situações que possam estimular uma reflexão acerca dos dilemas morais/bioéticos relativos ao direito à vida. A exibição de um filme seguida da discussão de cenas pode ser utilizada como instrumento pedagógico significante para atingir objetivos educacionais humanísticos dos currículos dos cursos de Medicina.

  2. Atrésia Esofágica: Um Desafio desde o Diagnóstico Pré-natal ao Tratamento Cirúrgico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Trocado

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available A atrésia esofágica é a anomalia congénita mais comum do desenvolvimento do esófago, caracterizando-se por uma disrupção da sua continuidade, com uma prevalência de cerca de 1 em cada 2500 a 4500 nados vivos. A abordagem desta condição, desde o seu diagnóstico no período pré-natal até ao tratamento cirúrgico no período neonatal, constitui um importante desafio, tanto para o obstetra como para o cirurgião pediátrico. No âmbito do diagnóstico pré-natal, a ecografia, a ressonância magnética, bem como a análise bioquímica do líquido amniótico poderão ser úteis. Por outro lado, no que diz respeito ao tratamento cirúrgico desta condição, dispomos hoje de técnicas cirúrgicas minimamente invasivas, associadas a menor número de sequelas musculoesqueléticas, menor dor no pós-operatório e a um melhor resultado estético final. Neste artigo, os autores fazem uma revisão do papel das diferentes técnicas de diagnóstico pré-natal disponíveis, bem como das diferentes abordagens para o tratamento cirúrgico.

  3. Dysthanasia: nursing professionals' perception Distanasia: percepción de los profesionales de enfermería Distanásia: percepção dos profissionais da enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milene Barcellos de Menezes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Dysthanasia means slow and painful death without quality of life. This study aimed to know whether nurses identify dysthanasia as part of the final process of the lives of terminal patients hospitalized at an adult ICU. This is an exploratory-qualitative study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with ten nurses with at least one year of experience in an ICU, and interpreted through content analysis. Results indicate that nurses understand and identify dysthanasia, do not agree with it and recognize elements of orthonasia as the adequate procedure for terminal patients. We conclude that nurses interpret dysthanasia as extending life with pain and suffering, while terminal patients are submitted to futile treatments that do not benefit them. They also identify dysthanasia using elements of orthonasia to explain it.Distanasia significa muerte lenta, con sufrimiento y sin calidad de vida. En esta investigación se buscó conocer si los enfermeros identifican la distanasia como parte del proceso final de la vida de personas en estado terminal, internadas en una UTI para adultos. El estudio es de naturaleza exploratoria, con abordaje cualitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevista semiestructurada con 10 enfermeros con un mínimo de un año de experiencia en UTI; los datos fueron interpretados por el análisis de contenido. Se obtuvo como resultado que los enfermeros comprenden e identifican la distanasia y se oponen a la misma, presentando elementos de ortotanasia como procedimiento adecuado para pacientes en estado terminal. Se concluye que los enfermeros interpretan la distanasia como el prolongamiento de la vida con dolor y sufrimiento, en el cual los pacientes terminales son sometidos a tratamientos fútiles que no traen beneficios. También identifican la distanasia, usando elementos de la ortotanasia para hacerla explicita.Distanásia significa morte lenta, sofrida e sem qualidade de vida. Nesta pesquisa

  4. Aborto e eutanásia: dilemas contemporâneos sobre os limites da vida Abortion and euthanasia: contemporary issues on the limits of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edlaine de Campos Gomes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a polêmica em torno da determinação dos limites da vida, a partir do pressuposto de que a demarcação das fronteiras entre vida e morte envolve questões culturais, sociais, religiosas e políticas referentes à gestão da pessoa. Debates acerca do aborto e da eutanásia evidenciam concepções morais sobre os direitos individuais que, por sua vez, são passíveis de normatização em cada contexto. Tais temas revelam para além da criação e do desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias médicas, direcionadas à reprodução assistida, medicina fetal e manutenção artificial da vida, seja de prematuros ou de doentes fora de possibilidades de cura valores e posicionamentos, muitas vezes contrastivos. A partir de levantamento de projetos de lei apresentados no âmbito legislativo brasileiro, constatou-se a presença de discursos opostos, oriundos da religião e de defensores da autonomia individual, o que ilustra os dilemas contemporâneos sobre os limites da vida.This article analyzes the controversy surrounding what can be established as the limit of life, from the presumption that the frontier marks between life and death involve cultural, social, religious and political issues referred to personhood management. Debates about abortion and euthanasia make it clear that moral concepts on individual rights can be standardized in each context. These themes reveal beyond new medical technology creation and development, focused on assisted fertilization, fetal medicine and maintaining life artificially, either for premature babies or patients without possibilities of cure values and viewpoints, often opposed. From the survey of law projects, presented within Brazilian legislative field, opposite positions were revealed, from religion and defenders of individual autonomy, which illustrates the contemporary dilemmas on the limits of life.

  5. Conversações sobre a "boa morte": o debate bioético acerca da eutanásia Conversations on the "good death": the bioethical debate on euthanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A despeito das grandes discussões hodiernas sobre a eutanásia, permanecem ainda muitos pontos em aberto, aparentemente insolúveis, aguardando que um melhor tratamento conceitual seja desenvolvido. Neste âmbito podem ser incluídos os "preconceitos e fundamentalismos" em relação ao tema — a eutanásia ainda é vista como tabu em boa parte da sociedade, especificamente no caso do Brasil —, as imprecisões semânticas do vocábulo e as acérrimas tensões argumentativas em torno do tema — levando-se em consideração os princípios da sacralidade da vida, da qualidade de vida e da autonomia e o argumento da assim chamada "ladeira escorregadia" ou slippery slope. Compor o horizonte de indagação acerca da eutanásia, partindo dos antecedentes históricos em direção a um melhor equacionamento do problema — e delimitação de perspectivas vindouras necessárias à sua melhor compreensão — é, pois, o objetivo do presente ensaio.Despite extensive current debate on euthanasia, many open and apparently unsolvable issues persist, awaiting a better conceptual treatment. The area includes "prejudices and fundamentalisms" in relation to the theme, still viewed as taboo by a major share of society, specifically in the case of Brazil, while semantic imprecision in the term and argumentative tensions surround the issue, focusing on the principles of sacredness of life, quality of life, and autonomy and the so-called "slippery slope" argument. The purpose of the current essay is thus to serve as a sphere of inquiry concerning euthanasia, moving from historical antecedents towards a better solution to the problem and the demarcation of necessary future perspectives for enhanced understanding of the issue.

  6. Causas de morte e razões para eutanásia de cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense (1965-2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Fighera, Rafael A.; Souza, Tatiana M.; Silva, Marcia C.; Brum, Juliana S.; Graça, Dominguita L.; Kommers, Glaucia D.; Irigoyen, Luiz F.; Barros, Claudio S.L.

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivo principal determinar a prevalência das doenças que culminam em morte ou que fazem com que os cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense sejam submetidos à eutanásia. Para isso, foram revisados todos os protocolos de necropsia de cães, arquivados no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), realizadas entre janeiro de 1965 e dezembro de 2004. Nos arquivos do LPV-UFSM foram encontrados 4.844 protocolos de ...

  7. Análise quantitativa do processo de erosão/deposição nas falésias da APA Tambaba e sua ocupação nos limites da APP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Regina Benevides Trigueiro Aranha

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available O litoral brasileiro é banhado pelo Oceano Atlântico e composto por diversas paisagens ao longo da costa. Entre elas encontram-se as falésias, que, por sua beleza, atraem a exploração turística o que, muitas vezes, compromete seu equilíbrio. Com a finalidade de proteger o meio ambiente das ações antrópicas, o poder público vem criando áreas para preservar e/ou conservar o meio ambiente, entre elas existem as APA e as APP. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi analisar a variabilidade espaço-temporal da linha de ruptura do relevo, na borda das falésias da APA Tambaba, entre os anos de 1985 e 2012; e identificar a existência de edificações dentro da APP no ano de 2012. Para tanto, foram utilizadas imagens do satélite Quickbird de 2012, do satélite IKONOS II de 2005 e fotos aéreas de 1985 para delimitação das linhas das falésias; o DSAS, que é uma extensão gratuita do ArcGIS, para obtenção de taxas de variação da linha de ruptura do relevo; e o software ArcGIS para delimitação e análise das APP. Como resultados, foram identificadas variações no movimento das linhas estudadas, tanto para erosão como para deposição nas falésias da APA Tambaba. No maior trecho da APA obteve-se uma média de -0,17m/ano para erosão e de 0,49m/ano para deposição, já no menor trecho a média de erosão foi -0,38m/ano e de deposição 0,14m/ano. Foi comprovada a existência de edificações irregulares correspondente a 22.818,91 m², o que equivale a aproximadamente 3% da área total da APP.

  8. Fertilizantes e espaçamento entre plantas na produtividade da couve-da-Malásia Fertilizers and spacing between plants in the yield of Malaysian cabbage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa Resende Ferreira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available As brássicas têm sido objeto constante de pesquisa devido à sua importância na alimentação humana, seja pela quantidade consumida, pelo alto valor nutricional ou por sua elevada produtividade. Brassica chinensis var. parachinensis foi introduzida no Brasil, Uberlândia, em 1992, destacando-se em relação a outras brássicas por seu alto teor de vitaminas A e C, cálcio e ferro, estando pronta para consumo em aproximadamente 30 dias. A produtividade biológica e agronômica dessa variedade foi analisada utilizando-se três tipos de fertilizantes e três espaçamentos entre plantas, visando subsidiar sua produção em escala comercial. A área foliar, massa da matéria seca e taxa de crescimento absoluto foram significativamente maiores com adubação mineral em relação à adubação orgânica. Os maiores valores referentes à taxa de crescimento relativo e taxa assimilatória líquida foram registrados em plantas mantidas nos maiores espaçamentos (30x20 e 30x30 cm. A maior produtividade agronômica foi alcançada no menor espaçamento (30x10 cm, com adubação mineral, sendo registrados 21,5 t ha-1, valor muito próximo ao registrado na Malásia e China onde essa hortaliça é cultivada em larga escala.Brassica crops have been widely studied due to their importance as food for human consumption, especially in relation to their nutritional value. Both yield and consumption are high. Brassica chinensis var. parachinensis was introduced in Brazil, in Uberlândia, in 1992, surpassing other Brassica due to its high content of vitamins A and C, calcium and iron, and being ready for consumption in about 30 days. The biological and agronomic yield of this variety was analyzed under three kinds of fertilizers and three spacings between plants with a view to its production on a commercial scale. The leaf area, dry matter mass, and absolute growth rate were higher with mineral than organic fertilizer. High values for relative growth rate and net

  9. Identidades religiosas no mundo romano: o caso de judeus e cristãos na Ásia Menor dos séculos I e II d.C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Selvatici

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available No quadro dos estudos sobre a questão das identidades religiosas na antiguidade, o presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar a identidade judaica construída pelos judeus da Ásia Menor no século I d.C. e as implicações que tal construção identitária possui sobre a formação e composição étnica das comunidades cristãs nesta mesma região. O artigo se propõe, em seguida, examinar a construção da identidade cristã em meio às relações conflituosas, sobretudo no século II d.C., que a população grega da Ásia Menor e as autoridades romanas mantêm com os cristãos ali residentes. Para tanto, são analisados os textos neotestamentários Atos dos Apóstolos e Apocalipse, além das obras de Justino o mártir e a correspondência entre Plínio o jovem e o imperador Trajano acerca dos cristãos.

  10. Potencial de uso e qualidade estrutural de dois solos cultivados com cana-de-açúcar em Goianésia (GO Use potential and structural quality of two soils under sugarcane production in Goianésia, Goiás State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo da Costa Severiano

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Com a expansão do setor sucroalcooleiro, tanto os solos com poucas limitações como aqueles que apresentam riscos permanentes ao cultivo intensivo tiveram sua vegetação nativa removida e foram incorporados ao processo produtivo. Para isso, a adoção de sistemas de manejo que mantêm a estrutura do solo pode ser a chave para a manutenção da qualidade e sustentabilidade dos agrossistemas canavieiros. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o potencial de uso para cana-de-açúcar e a qualidade estrutural de um Cambissolo Háplico Tb distrófico (CXvbd e um Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo distrófico (LVAd, no município de Goianésia, GO. Em cada área, realizou-se a classificação das terras quanto à capacidade de uso. Foram coletadas amostras deformadas nas profundidades correspondentes aos horizontes diagnósticos superficiais e subsuperficiais, para caracterização química e físico-hídrica dos solos. Nas profundidades de 0 a 0,05, 0,1 a 0,15 e 0,3 a 0,4 m, foram coletadas amostras indeformadas para determinação da porosidade do solo, da curva de retenção de água, do intervalo hídrico ótimo e da pressão de preconsolidação. O enquadramento dos solos no sistema de capacidade de uso da terra apontou o CXvbd como pertencente à classe IVe, e o LVAd, à classe IIIs. Os resultados das análises dos atributos químicos e físico-hídricos do CXvbd indicaram que o cultivo contínuo com cana-de-açúcar, mesmo com o enquadramento na classe IVe do sistema de capacidade de uso, deve-se à adoção de terraceamento agrícola, além do fato de essa cultura promover pequeno revolvimento do solo e aumentar a cobertura do solo quando colhida crua. O CXvbd apresentou maior disponibilidade de água para as plantas, o que tende a trazer benefícios à cultura. O LVAd, nas condições de estudo, é mais suscetível à compactação, necessitando da adequação do tráfego de máquinas.With the expansion of the sugar/alcohol sector, the native

  11. Ventilação mecânica e obstinação terapêutica ou distanásia, a dialéctica da alta tecnologia em medicina intensiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Monteiro

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Distanásia ou qualquer um dos seus sinónimos é uma consequência do excesso terapêutico em relação ao prognóstico esperado. A obstinação terapêutica é um dos dilemas éticos mais angustiantes no quotidiano de medicina intensiva, apesar de a sua apreciação encontrar um suporte normativo em várias instituições e organizações. A manutenção ou não suspensão da ventilação mecânica numa determinada circunstância de fim de vida pode ser considerado como um exemplo paradigmático de obstinação terapêutica.A compreensão desta postura passa pela análise e reflexão do acto médico à luz de alguns conceitos ético-filosóficos. Abstract: Dysthanasia or any of its synonyms is a consequence of excessive technical science, without any reasonable chance of achieving a therapeutic benefit for the patient.Medical futility is a distressing ethical dilemma of intensive care medicine. Its recognition has led to a precept support in various institutions and organizations.Not withdrawing or withholding mechanical ventilation in certain circumstances can be considered as a paradigmatic model of medical futility.The understanding of this posture implies a philosophical approach and reflexion of medical practice. Palavras-chave: Ética, obstinação terapêutica, distanásia, medicina intensiva, Key-words: Ethics, medical futility, dysthanasia, intensive medicine

  12. Crescimento e metabolismo em artemísia em função do nível de irradiância Growth and metabolism of feverfew plants in response to the irradiance level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana M de Carvalho

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Artemísia [Tanacetum parthenium (L. Schultz-Bip.] é uma planta medicinal fortemente aromática, cujo princípio ativo característico é a lactona sesquiterpênica partenolídeo. Entre os fatores que afetam o cultivo das plantas medicinais destaca-se a irradiância luminosa. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo verificar efeitos de três níveis de irradiância luminosa (730, 523 e 382 µmol de fótons m-2 s-1 na altura, área foliar, número de folhas, teor de açúcares, de amido e de partenolídeo em artemísia. As plantas cresceram a pleno sol e com 30 e 50% de redução na irradiância por 105 dias. A redução na irradiância foi obtida por meio de sombreamento artificial, com a utilização de telas de polietileno pretas. A redução na irradiância incidente causou aumento na altura e na área foliar total de cada planta, mas não alterou o número de folhas. Houve diminuição nos teores de açúcares e de amido em função do sombreamento, mas os teores de partenolídeo não foram alterados significativamente.Feverfew [Tanacetum parthenium (L. Schultz-Bip.] is a strongly aromatic medicinal plant, whose active principle is the sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide. Irradiance ranks among the most important factors that affect growth of medicinal plants. The effect of three irradiance levels (730, 523 and 382 µmol of fotons m-2 s-1 were assessed on feverfew plants height, leaf area, and leaf number, as well as on the contents of sugar, starch, and parthenolide. Plants grew on full sunshine and under 30 and 50% of irradiance reduction, for 105 days. Irradiance was controlled by shadowing plants with a black polyethylene screen. Reduction on irradiance increased plant height and total leaf area, but had no effect on leaf number. A reduction in sugar and starch contents in association with shadowing was observed. Nevertheless, shadowing did not affect significantly the parthenolide content.

  13. A bioética da proteção e a compaixão laica: o debate moral sobre a eutanásia Bioethics of protection and the laic compassion: the moral debate on euthanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O debate bioético sobre a eutanásia (“boa morte” vem sendo polarizado, classicamente, entre os princípios da sacralidade da vida - argumentação contra - e da qualidade de vida, representado pelo princípio vicário do respeito à autonomia - argumentação pró. Em ambos os casos, a questão se constrói em torno da pertinência e da legitimidade moral, ou não, de um indivíduo poder decidir sobre o desenlace de sua própria existência, requerendo para si uma boa morte. Sem embargo, a eutanásia pressupõe sempre, além de um eu, um outro, o qual deverá efetuar a ação - ou ater-se à não-ação - que culminará na abreviação da vida. Propor uma discussão acerca deste último ponto, tendo como base os referenciais teóricos da bioética da proteção e o conceito de compaixão laica, é o escopo do presente ensaio.The bioethical debate on euthanasia (“good death” has been classically polarized between the principles of sacredness of life - the argumentation against - and the quality of life, represented by the vicarious principle of respect for autonomy - the argumentation in favor. In both cases the question is built around the pertinence and moral legitimacy - or not - of the individual possibility to decide about the termination of one’s own existence, demanding for oneself a good death. Undoubtedly, euthanasia always implies besides the self, the other, who will either carry out the action - or hold to non-action - culminating in the abbreviation of life. To propose a discussion about this last referred issue, based on the bioethics of protection theoretical references and the concept of laic compassion is the scope of the present essay.

  14. Aastahitt 2008. Chalice "Supervõimed". Laura "Destiny" / Kallervo Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kallervo

    2009-01-01

    Aastahitt 2008 valimisest (võitis Kerli Kõivu lugu "Walking on Air") ja kontserdist ETV ja Raadio 2 koostööna Tallinnas Club von Überblingenis. Heliplaadist. Laura Põldvere esitatavast eurolaulust

  15. Miljardär Armin Karu hakkab telestaariks / Heidit Kaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaio, Heidit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    TV3 on Eesti Ekspressi andmetel jõudmas kokkuleppele, et tuua järgmisest hooajast ekraanile saatesari, mida võiks nimetada "Suurim tööintervjuu". Ameerika Ühendriikides tuli saade ekraanile 2004. aastal, kus seda juhtis miljardär Donald Trump

  16. Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalile "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" (Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel), režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  17. Kuidas turundatakse ülikooli Ameerikas? / Kaisa-Triin Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa-Triin

    2015-01-01

    Artikli autor veetis aasta vahetusüliõpilasena Emporia State Universitys, õppides turundust ja töötades ülikooli turundusosakonnas. Kuidas Epmoria State end turundab, vestlusest turundusdirektori Umair Abbasiga

  18. Naised mõrvarite jälil / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    Kanal 2 ekraanil kaks naispeaosalistega krimisarja : uurija Lilly Rush (Kathryn Morris) sarjas "Jahtunud jälg" (USA, 2003-... ) ja Brenda Leigh Johnson (Kyra Sedgwick) seriaalis "Vahelevõtja" (USA, 2005-... )

  19. Krokodill sõi karu mett / Eero Kangor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangor, Eero, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli, Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli ja Tartu Kunstikooli õpilaste näitusest Tartu Kunstimuuseumis, kuraator Liisa Kaljula. Pikemalt Ronald Baumanni, Helen Kikkase, Margit Lõhmuse maalidest, Jana Huuli skulptuurist

  20. Uut moodi Teine maailmasõda / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2009-01-01

    Teise maailmasõja 70. aastapäevaks valminud kuueosalise doksarja "Apokalüpsis: WWII", (National Geographic, režissöör Isabelle Clarke, stsenaristid Henri de Turenne ja Daniel Costelle) filmimispaikades

  1. A Dinâmica da Expansão do Setor Sucroalcooleiro no estado de Goiás e as Contribuições Socioeconômica no Município de Goianésia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marly Alves dos Reis

    2017-03-01

    The sugar cane for a number of reasons becomes the only source of ethanol, with the creation of Proálcool in the 1970s the government launches numerous incentives to finance new projects, involving various ministries, among other committees. Same period occurred the process of expanding the agricultural frontier in the state of Goiás subsidized by the National Development Plan (PND to encourage the expansion of agricultural technology in the Cerrado, especially of soybean (Oliveira, 1997; Miziara, 2005; Silva and Miziara, 2011. In 2006, the same expansion process occurs when the government launched the National Agro-Energy Plan (NAP to stimulate the production of renewable energy, especially for the production of ethanol from cane sugar (Embrapa, 2006. Since then planted area increases progressively, and according to the latest data in six years the increase was 250 %, equivalent of 200,048 to 697,541 hectares between 2005 and 2011 (IBGE, 2012. In mesoregion South Goiás concentrates 72 % of this total (IBGE, 2012 as well as 31 of the 45 plants of cane sugar in the state of Goiás (CONAB, 2012 and UDOP, 2012. Thus, it is evident the need to investigate the dynamics of expansion of cane sugar in the state of Goiás and assess the socioeconomic contributions of municipalities whose expansion presents significant as the municipality of Goianésia, constituting the objective of this work. Key-words: Sugarcane Expansion, Expansion of Agricultural Frontier, Socioeconomic Impacts.

  2. A comparison study on the use of Dowex 1 and TEVA-resin in determination of 99Tc in environmental and nuclear coolant samples in a SIA system with ICP-MS detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kołacińska, Kamila; Samczyński, Zbigniew; Dudek, Jakub; Bojanowska-Czajka, Anna; Trojanowicz, Marek

    2018-07-01

    This work refers to a comparative study of sorbents widely used in determinations of 99 Tc such as TEVA resin and Dowex 1. Despite having a similar functional group of quaternary amines, both materials represent different chromatographic methods-extraction (TEVA resin) and anion exchange (Dowex 1)-which provides a diverse range of their properties significant in determination of 99 Tc in flow conditions. The comparative tests, carried out in a SIA-LOV (Sequential Injection Analysis-Lab-on-Valve) system combined with mass spectrometric (ICP-MS) detection, considered several factors that are crucial from the standpoint of resin´s utility such as sorption capacity, durability, or selectivity, critical in 99 Tc separation from interferences. The developed and optimized analytical procedure based on the application of the TEVA resin provided determinations of 99 Tc at minimum detectable limit (MDL) 6.00 mBq L -1 in 50 min and has been successfully employed in analyses of samples from nuclear industrial and research units (reactor coolant and sewage) as well as from the river surrounding the nuclear reactor. The method proved to be sufficient for routine analysis of water samples in accordance with EPA standards. The reliability of the method was confirmed in the analysis of the BH standard provided by the NPL for inter-laboratory proficiency tests. The 99 Tc recovery for all real samples was evaluated as 80-100%. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Hain Karu : Tallinn ehitab jälle tõusvas tempos / Hain Karu ; interv. Tõnu Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Hain

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Säästva Arengu ja Planeerimise Ameti asejuhataja sõnul on tänases situatsioonis Tallinnas elamufondi defitsiit: leibkondade arv on suurem kui eluasemete arv, seda näitab ka tüüpkorterite kiire hinnatõus

  4. UTILIZAÇÃO DO SOFTWARE MAPGEO 2010 COMO RECURSO DIDÁTICO NO ESTUDO DAS SUPERFÍCIES E REFERENCIAIS GEODÉSICOS ADOTADOS EM GEODÉSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lígia Chuerubim

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa realizar uma breve abordagem dos principais conceitos, aplicações e técnicas de posicionamento espacial GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System como, por exemplo, o GPS (Global Positioning System, envolvidas na obtenção da ondulação geoidal e na conversão entre as altitudes geométricas (elipsoidais e científicas (ortométricas. A utilização de modelos matemáticos que relacionam as altitudes ortométricas e geométrica ao geóide possibilitam a obtenção da ondulação geoidal, que reflete a distribuição de massas no interior da superfície terrestre. O cálculo da ondulação do geóide por GPS pode ser realizada por meio do aplicativo computacional MAPGEO2010, disponibilizado pelo IBGE, que permite obter a ondulação geoidal para um ou mais pontos de forma rápida e prática, requerendo conhecimentos fundamentais associados às superfícies (física, geoidal e elipsoidal e referenciais adotados em Geodésia como o SIRGAS2000 (Sistema de Referência Geocêntrico para as Américas e o SAD69 (South American Datum 1969, possibilitando ao usuário analisar de forma mais consistente os resultados obtidos.

  5. Avaliação de propriedades físicas em solos sob lavoura cafeeira nos municípios de Caratinga e Simonésia – MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo do Nascimento

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Para avaliar algumas propriedades físicas do solo sob diferentes tratamentos (sistemas de plantio e de produção da cultura de café, nos municípios de Caratinga e Simonésia amostras compostas de Latossolos Vermelho Amarelo (LVA e Vermelho Amarelo Húmico (LVAH, amostras compostas de solo foram coletadas nas profundidades de 0 a 30 cm e de 30 a 60 cm. Os sistemas de manejo estudados foram: adensado convencional, tradicional convencional e adensado orgânico. Amostras de cada solo sob remanescente florestal serviram de testemunha. Os dados foram organizados segundo o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado. Análises de variâncias foram realizadas pelo teste F e as médias foram testadas pelo teste Tukey. Nos solos avaliados não houve aumento significativo da densidade do solo nos sistemas cultivados. Os agroecossistemas no LVAH, na profundidade 0 a 30 cm, elevaram sua microporosidade em relação aos solos originais. Os LVAH são mais propensos à percolação de nutrientes que o LVA, em função da maior porosidade total. Mais agregados de maior diâmetro no LVAH é atribuída à maior quantidade de matéria orgânica nesses solos. Os tratamentos orgânicos favoreceram a presença de agregados maiores no solo e melhoraram sua estabilidade estrutural. Os agroecossistemas modificaram as propriedades originais dos solos, sendo, ambientalmente sustentáveis.

  6. The effect of non-genetic factors on the early body weights of Tunisian local goats Efeito de fatores não-genéticos sobre o peso corporal inicial de caprinos na Tunísia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ouni Mabrouk

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available It was evaluated in this study the environmental effects on body weights of goat kids from birth to 150 days of age of Tunisian local goat population, on the basis of 1,656 records obtained from the Arid Areas Institute of Médenine, Tunisia, during 2001-2005. Except for birth weight, individual records were adjusted for standard ages (30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 days using either extrapolation or interpolation on field data. Data were analyzed by GLM procedure and SNK (α = 0.05 means comparison test. The kidding year (2001-2005, kidding month (December, January, February, and March, birth type (single and twins, sex (male and female, coat colour of kid and age of dam (2-10 years were definied as non-genetic factors. Results showed that mean values and standard deviation (SD of body weight at birth (0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 days of age were 2.57 ± 0.52 kg, 4.06 ± 1.16 kg, 6.99 ± 1.87 kg, 8.90 ± 2.46 kg, 11.48 ± 3.35 kg and 13.53 ± 4.80 kg for male and 2.29 ± 0.44 kg, 4.76 ± 1.13 kg, 3.09 ± 1.33 kg, 8.08 ± 2.02 kg, 10.24 ± 2.36 kg and 12.15 ± 6.54 kg for female. The kidding year, birth type and sex had effect on body weights of Tunisian local kids at all ages. The single and male was always heavier than the twins and the females. The birth month had effect on all body weights except for weight at 30 days of age. The age of dam had effect on body weights from 60 to 150 days of age. However, the coat color had no significant effect on all body weights. Environmental effects estimated in this study are important and need to be taken into account for Tunisian local goat management and breeding improvement under harsh conditions.Neste estudo, foram avaliados os efeitos ambientais sobre o peso corporal do nascimento aos 150 dias de idade de caprinos na Tunísia com base em 1.656 registros obtidos em caprinos localizados em zonas áridas do Instituto de Medenine-Tunísia, durante 2001-2005. Exceto para peso ao nascimento, registros

  7. Plano de Fortalecimento da Gestão do Turismo (PFGT: uma avaliação ex ante no município de Nísia Floresta (RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Medeiros de Araújo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, o Plano de Desenvolvimento do Turismo (Prodetur vem procurando fortalecer institucionalmente os destinos turísticos, a fim de garantir a ampliação e a continuidade das melhorias estruturais já realizadas quando da primeira fase do programa governamental, e ao mesmo tempo dotar os municípios de uma gestão pública mais eficiente, em que deverá também considerar o turismo como o eixo central na formulação e gerenciamento das políticas públicas municipais com foco no desenvolvimento local. Para tanto, o Prodetur lançou, no Rio Grande do Norte, o Plano de Fortalecimento da Gestão do Turismo, do Patrimônio Natural e Cultural em 2009. A pesquisa objetiva avaliar, de forma ex ante, a viabilidade da implementação do referido plano governamental no município de Nísia Floresta (RN. Adotaram-se as seis dimensões do modelo teórico de Draibe (2001 conjugadas com o modelo de Neves (1996 para conduzir a pesquisa. Metodologicamente, optou-se por uma abordagem qualitativa, na qual foram buscadas análises de documentos como o diagnóstico estratégico, o plano de ação proposto e realização de entrevistas semiestruturadas com alguns secretários municipais. Usou-se a análise de conteúdo como técnica de tratamento dos conteúdos das entrevistas e foram feitas observações não participantes. Assim foi possível desenhar a pesquisa avaliativa, caracterizando o momento administrativo e político atual e como esse desenho poderia interferir na implementação do plano avaliado. Conclui-se que o município não apresenta condições institucionais suficientes para a implementação do Plano Governamental financiado com recursos federais.

  8. Knowledge of the definition of euthanasia: study with doctors and caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients O conhecimento da definição de eutanásia: estudo com médicos e cuidadores de pacientes com doença de Alzheimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Pricoli Vilela

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Euthanasia is an increasingly debated subject among specialized professionals and also among lay people, even in countries such as Brazil where it is not authorized. It is questionable, however, if the concept of euthanasia is well known by these persons. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate knowledge about the definition of euthanasia by family caregivers of patients with dementia and by specialized physicians and also to investigate their personal opinion on this topic. METHODS: We prospectively interviewed 30 physicians from three different medical specialties and 40 family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease using a structured questionnaire. Two clinicalvignettes were also presented to the physicians in order to ascertain their personal opinion about euthanasia. RESULTS: Among the caregivers, 10 (25.0% knew the correct definition of euthanasia. Regarding their personal view, nine (22.5% were in favor, while 20 (50.0% were against. The remaining 11 (27.5% caregivers were unable to define their position. Among the physicians, 19 (63.3% gave a coherent answer regarding the definition of euthanasia. When they were presented with the clinical vignettes, less than 50% of them were in favor of euthanasia. CONCLUSION: The definition of euthanasia was unknown by most of the lay individuals and also by one third of the physicians. Although it is not officially approved in Brazil, a small proportion of family caregivers and also of specialized physicians would be in favor of the practice of euthanasia.INTRODUÇÃO: A eutanásia é um tema de crescente debate entre profissionais da área de saúde e também entre o púbico leigo, mesmo em países nos quais não é legalizada, como no Brasil. Entretanto, é questionável se a definição do termo é bem conhecida por essas pessoas. OBJETIVO: O propósito do presente estudo foi investigar o conhecimento sobre a definição de eutanásia entre cuidadores familiares

  9. Causas de morte e razões para eutanásia de cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense (1965-2004) Causes of death and reasons for euthanasia in dogs from the midland region of the Midwest of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil (1965-2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael A. Fighera; Tatiana M. Souza; Marcia C. Silva; Juliana S. Brum; Dominguita L. Graça; Glaucia D. Kommers; Luiz F. Irigoyen; Claudio S.L. Barros

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivo principal determinar a prevalência das doenças que culminam em morte ou que fazem com que os cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense sejam submetidos à eutanásia. Para isso, foram revisados todos os protocolos de necropsia de cães, arquivados no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV) da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), realizadas entre janeiro de 1965 e dezembro de 2004. Nos arquivos do LPV-UFSM foram encontrados 4.844 protocolos de ...

  10. Bioactivity of Indonesian mahogany, Toona sureni (Blume (Meliaceae, against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae Bioatividade do mogno da Indonésia, Toona sureni (Blume (Meliaceae, contra o besouro-das-farinhas, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahana Parvin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bioactivity of Indonesian mahogany, Toona sureni (Blume (Meliaceae, against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae. The insecticidal activity of Toona sureni (Blume Merr. was evaluated considering repellency, mortality and progeny production of F1 adults of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae. Dried extract of seeds of T. sureni was dissolved in acetone to prepare solution of various concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0%. To test for repellency, the insects were exposed to treated filter paper. Mortality of larvae, pupae and adults was evaluated by the treatment of spraying the insects with different concentrations of T. sureni extract. Residual effect of the extract was also evaluated considering the production of progeny of F1 adults. The highest repellency (93.30% of T. castaneum occurred at the highest concentration (5.0% suspension of T. sureni; while the lowest (0.0% repellency occurred at 0.5% suspension after 1 day of treatment. The highest mortality against adults (86.71%, larvae (88.32% and pupae (85% occurred at 5% suspension at 8 days after application. There was a negative correlation between the concentrations of T. sureni and the production of F1 adult's progeny of T. castaneum. The highest number of progeny (147 of T. castaneum occurred in the control at 7 days after treatment; and the lowest number of progeny (43 occurred at 5.0% concentration in 1 day after treatment. The results show that T. sureni is toxic to T. castaneum and has the potential to control all stages of this insect in stored wheat.Bioatividade do mogno da Indonésia, Toona sureni (Blume (Meliaceae, contra o besouro-das-farinhas, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae. A atividade inseticida de Toona sureni (Blume Merr. foi avaliada considerando repelência, mortalidade e a produção de progênie de adultos F1 de Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae. Extrato seco de sementes

  11. Fabric of topsoil horizons in aridic soils of Central Asia Fábrica de horizontes superficiales en suelos áridos de Asia Central Tessitura dos horizontes superficiais de solos Arídicos da Ásia Central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Lebedeva

    2013-11-01

    desarrollo de cápsulas biogénicas típicas de bacterias de hierro que fueron identificadas mediante el método de vidrios cubiertos de Agar incrustantes bajo condiciones naturales. En la serie de suelos estudiados, los Regosoles Yérmicos se caracterizan por los siguientes microrrasgos adicionales: 1 una disminución del hierro del material que rodea a los poros y la formación de concentraciones de hierro en la masa intrapedial debido a una movilización biogénica de hierro con participación de bacterias reductoras de sulfato y hierro; y 2 la acumulación de materia orgánica (residuos de células microbianas en los poros vesiculares.Os microhorizontes superficiais vesicular e laminar são considerados típicos da tessitura de horizontes superficiais de solos francos com bastante saibro e cascalho localizados ao longo de um gradiente climático árido/continental na zona sub boreal da Ásia Central (do Sul da Rússia ao Uzbequistão, Cazaquistão e Mongólia. A sua génese está relacionada com uma activa formação de vesículas (para o microhorizonte vesicular ?1 e com a criogénese (para o microhorizonte laminar ?2 tendo como fundo uma elevada mobilidade de argila e/ou acumulação eólica de material fino. Sugerem-se novos mecanismos responsáveis pela formação de poros vesiculares: (a a lixiviação de enchimentos cristalinos densos completos (poros moldados e (b o desenvolvimento de cápsulas biogénicas típicas de bactérias férricas diagnosticadas pelo método microbiológico de agar em condições naturais. Numa série de solos estudados, os Regosolos Yérmicos caracterizam-se por microcaracteres específicos adicionais: (1 depleção de ferro a partir do material em torno dos poros e formação das concentrações de ferro na massa intrapédica devido à mobilização biogénica de ferro com a participação de bactérias redutoras de sulfato e ferro e (2 acumulação de matéria orgânica (resíduos das células microbianas nos poros vesiculares.

  12. Determinação de baixas concentrações de cobre em águas naturais por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica em chama usando um sistema SIA com uma coluna de poli(etilenimina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa Rui Cerdeira de Campos

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a sequential injection analysis (SIA set-up coupled to a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS to accomplish the determination of low concentrations of copper in drinking waters. Copper is first retained under neutral media in an on-line 29x1.6 mm column filled with poly(ethylenimine immobilised on silica gel. The retained analyte is then eluted by flowing through the column 250 mL of a nitric acid solution. The selection of 3.85 ml of sample enabled to obtain a detection limit of 0.27 mug/L and a sampling rate of about 24 samples/h. There was a good agrement between the results of 12 samples furnished by the proposed procedure and by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Repeatability assessment gave a relative standard deviation of 1.3 % after ten replicate analysis of a sample containing about 70 mug/L in copper..

  13. Significado e Percepção de Eutanásia Sob a Óptica de Acadêmicos de Medicina de Uma Cidade Sul Mineira / Significance and Perception of Euthanasia under the Vision of Medical Students in a City in the South of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Aparecida dos Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar o significado e a percepção de eutanásia para os acadêmicos de medicina de uma cidade sul mineira. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória, descritiva, qualitativa e transversal. Como método de estudo, foi utilizado o Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo que tem como base a Teoria das Representações Sociais. Resultados: Mostraram que as ideias centrais “Provocar a morte” e “Sou contra” foram de maior prevalência para os acadêmicos de medicina. Conclusão: Depreende-se que é preciso incentivar os profissionais de saúde e acadêmicos a fazerem novas pesquisas sobre o assunto e oferecer subsídios às instituições de saúde para elaborarem junto a Comissão de Ética maneiras de tratar assuntos sobre a eutanásia e os cuidados com os pacientes no final da vida. Objective: Identify the meaning and sense of euthanasia to medical students in a city in the South of Minas Gerais. Materials and Methods: It is a exploratory, descriptive, qualitative and cross-sectional research. As a study method it was used the Discourse of the Collective Subject which is based in the Social Representations Theory. Results: demonstrated that the central ideas “To cause the death” and “I’m against” were the most prevalent among the medical students. Conclusion: It may be concluded that it is necessary to encourage health-care professionals and students to make new researches about this subject and offer subsidies to health facilities in onder to develop, with the ethics committee, ways to deal with topics about euthanasia and care of the terminal patients.

  14. Causas de morte e razões para eutanásia de cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense (1965-2004 Causes of death and reasons for euthanasia in dogs from the midland region of the Midwest of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil (1965-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael A. Fighera

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo principal determinar a prevalência das doenças que culminam em morte ou que fazem com que os cães da Mesorregião do Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense sejam submetidos à eutanásia. Para isso, foram revisados todos os protocolos de necropsia de cães, arquivados no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM, realizadas entre janeiro de 1965 e dezembro de 2004. Nos arquivos do LPV-UFSM foram encontrados 4.844 protocolos de necropsia de cães. A distribuição dos casos em relação às categorias de doenças diagnosticadas foi a seguinte: doenças infecciosas e parasitárias (1.693 [35,0%], neoplasmas (378 [7,8%], distúrbios causados por agentes físicos (369 [7,6%], doenças degenerativas (342 [7,1%], intoxicações e toxiinfecções (112 [2,3%], eutanásia por conveniência (101 [2,1%], doenças metabólicas e endocrinológicas (97 [2,0%], distúrbios iatrogênicos (83 [1,7%], distúrbios do desenvolvimento (25 [0,5%], doenças imunomediadas (10 [0,2%] e doenças nutricionais (6 [0,1%]. Outros distúrbios, que incluem doenças multifatoriais ou idiopáticas, contribuíram com 80 (1,6% casos. Dos 4.844 casos, em 1.548 (32,0% não foi possível estabelecer a causa da morte ou a razão para a eutanásia. Doenças infecciosas e parasitárias (principalmente cinomose, parvovirose e verminose intestinal, neoplasmas (principalmente neoplasmas mamários e linfoma, distúrbios causados por agentes físicos (principalmente atropelamento por veículos automotivos e doenças degenerativas (principalmente insuficiência renal crônica, cirrose e insuficiência cardíaca congestiva foram as principais categorias de doenças relacionadas com morte ou eutanásia de cães dessa mesorregião. Entretanto, quando os cães são avaliados de acordo com suas idades, tais categorias possuem prevalências diferentes. As principais causas de morte em filhotes foram as doenças infecciosas e

  15. A distanásia como geradora de dilemas éticos nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva: considerações sobre a participação dos enfermeiros La distanasia como generadora de dilemas éticos en las Unidades deTerapia Intensiva: algunos aspectos a cerca de lo envolvimiento de los enfermeros Disthanasia as an ethical dilemma at the Intensive Care Units: considerations about nurses involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecilia Toffoletto

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A distanásia apresenta-se como uma das fontes geradoras de dilemas éticos nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI. Discute-se o contexto que favorece a prática da distanásia nesse ambiente, com ênfase na utilização excessiva do suporte tecnológico. Tecemos comentários sobre a participação dos familiares e profissionais envolvidos, principalmente médicos e enfermeiros, considerando-se o papel sócio-profissional atribuído a cada um. Pretende-se com as considerações apresentadas, fornecer subsídios para a reflexão do tema, com vistas a uma participação mais ativa dos enfermeiros de UTI nos dilemas éticos relacionados à distanásia.La distanasia se presenta como una de las fuentes generadoras de los dilemas éticos en las Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI Discute el contexto que favorece la práctica de la distanasia en este ambiente, con énfasis en la utilización excesiva del arsenal tecnologico. Además de los comentarios sobre la posición de los familiares y de los profesionales involucrados, principalmente los médicos y enfermeros, se consideró el papel socio-profesional que se atribuye a cada uno. Para finalizar, los profesionales del area son estimulados a refletir sobre el tema y los enfermeros a participar de manera más activa en las discusiones de los dilemas éticos relacionados a la distanasia.Disthanasia is conceptualized and presented as an ethical dilemma in Intensive Care Units (ICU. The context favoring the disthanasia practice on this environment focusing the excessive use of technological devices will be discussed. The study will approach the family, physician and nurse’s participation in the situations, considering the social and professional role of each one. This study aims to provide support for healthcare professionals to reflect on this subject, aiming the nurse’s more effective participation on ethical dilemmas related to disthanasia.

  16. Fatores associados à amnésia pós-traumática de longa duração Fatores asociados a la amnesia post-traumática de larga duración Factors associated with long-term post-traumatic amnesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cristina Fürbringer e Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar fatores relacionados à amnésia pós-traumática de longa duração. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo, longitudinal, com 187 vítimas de trauma cranioencefálico contuso, idade >14 anos, atendidos em hospital de referência para trauma. As variáveis independentes foram: idade, sexo, gravidade do trauma cranioencefálico, local e tipo de lesão, número de lesões encefálicas e uso de medicação com atividade em sistema nervoso central ou corticoides. RESULTADO: O modelo de regressão logística múltipla ajustado pela variável área de lesão (intra/extra axial evidenciou: Escala de Coma de Glasgow inicial 3 (OR=2,80 e uso de Fenitoína (OR=2,60, Midazolan (OR=2,83 ou ambas as drogas (OR=3,83. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do Midazolan e da Fenitoína, além da gravidade do trauma cranioencefálico, destacaram-se como fatores relacionados à amnésia de longa duração.OBJETIVO: Identificar factores relacionados a la amnesia post-traumática de larga duración. MÉTODO: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal, realizado con 187 víctimas de trauma craneoencefálico contuso, edad >14 años, atendidos en un hospital de referencia para trauma. Las variables independientes fueron: edad, sexo, gravedad del trauma craneoencefálico, local y tipo de lesión, número de lesiones encefálicas y uso de medicación con actividad en el sistema nervioso central o corticoides. RESULTADO: El modelo de regresión logística múltiple ajustado por la variable área de lesión (intra/extra axial evidenció: Escala de Coma de Glasgow inicial 3 (OR=2,80 y uso de Fenitoína (OR=2,60, Midazolan (OR=2,83 o ambas drogas (OR=3,83. CONCLUSIÓN: El uso del Midazolan y de Fenitoína, además de la gravedad del trauma craneoencefálico, se destacaron como factores relacionados a la amnesia de larga duración.OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to post-traumatic amnesia of long duration. METHOD: A prospective, longitudinal study, with 187 victims of blunt head trauma

  17. Sia la luce origini e destino del nostro universo

    CERN Document Server

    Longair, Malcolm S

    1998-01-01

    Una nuova visione dell'universo ; nascita ed evoluzione delle stelle ; quando muore una stella ; la "quasar connection" ; pulsar & co. ; gli inquietanti buchi neri ; le galassie e la nascita dell'universo.

  18. The New Evolution for SIA Rotorcraft UAV Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juntong Qi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes recent research on the design, implement, and testing of a new small-scaled rotorcraft Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (RUAV system—ServoHeli-40. A turbine-powered UAV weighted less than 15 kg was designed, and its major components were tested at the Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shenyang, China. The aircraft was designed to reach a top speed of more than 20 mps, flying a distance of more than 10 kilometers, and it is going to be used as a test-bed for experimentally evaluating advanced control methodologies dedicated on improving the maneuverability, reliability, as well as autonomy of RUAV. Sensors and controller are all onboard. The full system has been tested successfully in the autonomous mode using the multichannel active modeling controller. The results show that in a real windy environment the rotorcraft UAV can follow the trajectory which was assigned by the ground control station exactly, and the new control method is obviously more effective than the one in the past year's research.

  19. Tallinna börsi uus lemmik / Armin Karu ; interv. Jaanika Merilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Armin, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Olympic Entertainment Group'i juht tutvustab ettevõtte börsile viimist, laienemisplaane Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopasse, olukorda kasiinoturul. Graafik: Olympic Entertainment Groupi aktsia kurss 23.-25. okt. 2006. Kommenteerivad Stefan Andersson, Kristjan Lepik, Kristjan Hänni, Tõnno Vähk, Peeter Koppel

  20. Et karu müttaks ja hunt uluks / Kalev Aun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aun, Kalev, 1951-

    2004-01-01

    Keskkonnainvesteeringute Keskuse jahinduse programmi raames toetab KIK jahimaade korralduse ja ulukikaitse projekte ning jahiulukite rakendusuuringuid, trükiste väljaandmist ja jahimeeste erialast väljaõpet

  1. Tööandja turundus - mis see on? / Kaisa-Triin Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa-Triin

    2015-01-01

    Business to employee marketing - turundus suunaga ettevõttelt töötajale. Tööandja turunduse eesmärk on muuta ettevõte nii potentsiaalsete kui ka olemasolevate töötajate seas atraktiivseks, kujundada tugev tööandja bränd, luua töötaja väärtuspakkumine, värbamisturunduse rakendamine

  2. Hotell "Telegraaf" Tallinnas Vene tänaval = Hotel Telegraaf on Vene Street, Tallinn / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Endise Kommertspanga (ehitatud 1874. a. arhitekt P. Schreiberi projekti järgi N. Thamme juhtimisel) ja hilisema Tallinna Telegraafi hoonesse Vene t. 9 rajatud hotell. Arhitekt: Martin Aunin. Projekteerija: EA Reng AS. Konstruktor: Riho Märtson. Sisekujundajad: Külli Salum, Riina Harik. Projekt: 2004, valmis: 2007. I ja III korruse plaan, 2 värv. välisvaadet, 4 sisevaadet

  3. Kes see möllab köögis? / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2009-01-01

    Nora Ephroni filmist "Julie ja Julia" (USA 2009), mille stsenaariumi kirjutas ta kokku Julia Childi autobiograafia "My Life in France" ja Julie Powelli blogist raamatuks vormunud teose "Julie & Julia: 365 Days, 524 Recipes, 1 Tiny Apartment Kitchen" põhjal. Julia Childi rollis Meryl Streep. Lisaks Kairit Tsäro kommentaarid "Meryli maagia" ja "Süües saledaks"

  4. Anamnésia e hipomnésia: Platão, primeiro pensador do proletariado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Stiegler

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto trata da exteriorização da memória, isto é, da técnica como perda do saber. O processo de exteriorização (mnemotecnologias se concretiza como história da gramatização, história técnica da memória, onde a memória hipomnésica relança a constituição de uma tensão de memória anamnésica. Como as questões filosóficas são questões de transindividuação, em termos de filosofia política, tratase de descrever e de criticar os processos concretos de transindividuação e pensar as hypomnémata digitais e as novas formas de otium que podem aparecer e fundar uma nova economia política da memória e do desejo.This text deals with the exteriorization of memory, that is, of technique as loss of knowledge. The process of exteriorization (mnemotechnology concretizes itself as history of grammatization, technical history of memory, in which hipomnesic memory reinstitutes the constitution of an anamnestic memory tension. Since the philosophical questions as transindividuation questions, in terms of political philosophy, it deals with describing and criticizing the concrete processes of transindividuation and thinking the digital hypomnémata and the new ways of otium that may appear and found a new political economy of memory and desire.

  5. LA EUTANASIA ENTRE EL ACORTAMIENTO DE LAVIDAY EL APOYO A MORIR: EXPERIENCIAS DEL PASADO, RETOS DEL PRESENTE A EUTANÁSIA ENTRE O ABREVIAMENTO DA VIDA E O APOIO AO MORRER: EXPERIÊNCIA DO PASSADO, DESAFIOS PARA O PRESENTE EUTHANASIA IN BETWEEN SHORTENING LIFE AND AIDING DEATH: PAST EXPERIENCES, PRESENT CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich von Engelhardt

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La eutanasia hace referencia a la autoimagen y a la imagen del mundo del hombre; también a la comprensión de la enfermedad y la muerte. En la antigüedad significaba una muerte honrosa y agradable y no el término de la vida activa. El arte de la muerte en el medioevo cristiano pertenece al arte de la vida. Y el que comprende la vida, también debe conocer la muerte. Estudios médicos, psicológicos y sociológicos han llevado, en la actualidad, a nuevos conocimientos sobre el trato con la muerte y el fallecimiento. La muerte se refiere a diferentes ámbitos: desintegración física, aislamiento social, tristeza de vivir y miedo a la muerte. La muerte social puede ocurrir antes de la muerte física y la muerte espiritual antes de la muerte del almaA eutanásia faz referência a autoimagem e a imagem de mundo que tem o homem; também refere-se a compreensão sobre a doença e a morte. Na antiguidade significou morte honrosa e agradável e não fim da vida ativa. A arte de morrer no medievalismo cristão pertence a arte da vida. Aquele que compreende a vida, também, conhece a morte. Atualmente, estudos médicos, psicológicos e sociológicos têm proporcionado novos conhecimentos sobre como lidar com a morte e o morrer. A morte é representada em diferentes âmbitos: desintegração física, isolamento social, tristeza de viver e o medo da morte. A morte social pode ocorrer antes da morte física e a morte espiritual antes da morte da almaEuthanasia refers to man’s self image and his world’s image; also to understanding sickness and death. In ancient times it meant an honorable and pleasant death and not the end of an active life. The art of death in the Christian Middle Ages was part of the art of life. And he, who understands life, must know death too. Nowadays, medical, psychological and sociological studies have lead to new knowledge about handling death and dying. Death refers to different scopes: physical desintegration, social

  6. Variable impact of Malaysia's national language planning on non-Malay speakers in Sarawak Impacto variável do planejamento linguístico nacional da Malásia sobre não falantes do Malaio em Sarawak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Hie Ting

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The study examined the impact of the national language policy on the language use of three main ethnic groups in the Malaysian state of Sarawak. The data analyzed was based on a sociolinguistic survey on language use in six domains that involved 937 Malay, Chinese and Iban adolescents from three major towns in Sarawak. The results showed that the use of Bahasa Malaysia exceeded English usage for all three ethnic groups, showing the success of compulsory education in the national language. However, the language planning has greater impact on the Iban than on the Chinese who are shifting away from the ethnic languages of the Chinese sub-groups to Mandarin Chinese. The availability of an alternative standard language with international standing which also functions as a symbol of cultural solidarity compromises the impact of the national language policy.Este estudo examinou o impacto da política de ensino da língua nacional de três principais grupos étnicos no estado malaio de Sarawak. Os dados analisados basearam-se em uma pesquisa sociolinguística sobre o uso da língua em seis domínios e envolveu 937 adolescentes malaios, chineses e Iban de três grandes cidades de Sarawak. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da língua Bahasa da Malásia superou o uso do inglês para todos os três grupos étnicos, comprovando o sucesso da escolaridade obrigatória em língua nacional. No entanto, o planejamento do estudo da língua tem maior impacto sobre o Iban do que sobre os chineses. Estes estão se afastando das línguas étnicas dos subgrupos chineses para o chinês Mandarim. A disponibilidade de uma língua alternativa padrão, com prestígio internacional, que também funciona como um símbolo de solidariedade cultural, compromete o impacto da política de ensino da língua nacional.

  7. Evolution of an alumina-magnesia/self-forming spinel castable. Part I: Microstructural features Evolução de um refratário de espinélio auto-formado de alumina-magnésia. Parte I: Aspectos microestruturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Gutiérrez-Campos

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Refractories containing magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4 are materials for emerging technology in several applications like cement and steelmaking processes. In order to deep the understanding of these castables, this work presents the microstructural characteristics of an alumina-magnesia/self-forming spinel castable. Several variables such as MgO content, firing temperature and spinel formation are analyzed through XRD and SEM analysis. The results showed that the processes of spinel formation and nucleation are not strongly affected by the MgO content, but that the crystal growth is enhanced for samples with 6.0 wt% MgO. Hibonite (CA6 bonding in the castable matrix showed a needlelike structure that could increase hot properties of the material. MgO content in the castable seems to affect the hibonite development. The development of a self-forming spinel castable without any synthetic spinel grains appears to be promissory for optimum refractory linings.Refratários contendo espinélio de aluminato de magnésio (MgAl2O4 são materiais para tecnologia emergentes em várias aplicações tais como cimento e processos siderúrgicos. Com a finalidade de melhorar o entendimento destes refratários, este trabalho apresenta as características microestruturais de um refratário espinélio auto-formado de alumina-magnésia. Várias variáveis tais como teor de MgO, temperatura de queima e formação de espinélio são analisadas por meio de difração de raios X e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Os resultados mostram que os processos de formação de espinélio e de nucleação não são fortemente influenciados pelo teor de MgO, mas que o crescimento de cristal é aumentado para amostras com 6.0% em peso de MgO. A ligação hibonita (CA6 na matriz do refratário mostrou uma estrutura tipo agulha que poderia melhorar as propriedades a quente do material. O teor de MgO no refratário parece influenciar o desenvolvimento da hibonita. O

  8. Idiopathic esophageal achalasia: a study of etiology and profile of the patients Acalásia idiopática do esôfago: análise da história clínica e antecedentes na etiologia e perfil dos pacientes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Carvalho de Oliveira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The idiopathic esophageal achalasia is a disease of unknown etiology, characterized by esophageal aperistalsis and failure of its lower sphincter with dysphagia. Its etiology factors includes: esophageal gastric junction obstruction, degeneration of Auerbach´s plexus, virus infection, congenital origin, autoimmune affection and injury by toxic agent. The achalasia diagnosis is reached after excluding Chagas disease possibilities, which includes seronegative results for Trypanosoma cruzi, absence of megacolon and epidemiology for Chagas disease. AIM: To characterize the disease and propose hypothesis concerning its etiology and associated factors. METHODS: Review of medical records from 78 patients operated at the Hospital de Clinicas da Unicamp obstruction between 1989 and 2005 and the subsequent interview, using directed questionnaire, reaching for common data between them and emphasizing history, possible co-morbidities and associated factors. In the group of 78 records collected it was possible to contact and interview 33 patients. RESULTS: The main findings of this study were: 1 presence of a triggering relevant emotional factor before the symptoms (80% and over 30% with psychiatric and/or psychological treatment reported; 2 typical childhood infections highly prevalent (88% measles, varicella, rubella; 3 possible associations with: exposure to chemicals, especially herbicides; other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, autoimmune diseases, genetic propensity and other changes in the nervous system highlighting the seizures. CONCLUSIONS: The idiopathic esophageal achalasia is probably an autoimmune disease, which seems to be highly related to emotional problems.RACIONAL: Acalásia idiopática do esôfago é doença de etiologia desconhecida, caracterizada por não relaxamento do esfíncter esofágico inferior provocando disfagia. As causas estudadas incluem: obstrução na junção esôfagogástrica, degeneração do plexo

  9. Environmental risk factors associated with tooth decay in children: a review of four studies in Indonesia Riesgos ambientales asociados con la caries dental en niños: una revisión de cuatro estudios en Indonesia Fatores de risco ambientais associados à cárie dentária nas crianças: uma revisão de quatro estudos na Indonésia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri S. Winanto

    2013-06-01

    deficiente, sino que también refleja las condiciones ambientales.Há uma crescente preocupação com o estudo dos impactos do ambiente na saúde humana. Entre a população do mundo, as crianças são particularmente vulneráveis às ameaças ambientais.Atualmente, em algumas áreas da Indonésia, existem problemas significativos com a qualidade da água, especialmente devido ao uso de muitas águas superficiais para consumo humano. Há evidência de que isto contribui para o processo de cárie dentária. Além disso, os dentes fornecem um excelente registo cronológico do estado nutricional e indicação da exposição a metais durante o desenvolvimento humano.Este artigo fornece uma visão geral dos fatores de risco para a cárie dentária e as revisões de quatro estudos epidemiológicos e laboratoriais que abordaram este assunto na Indonésia. Primeiro estudo: Winanto em 1993 mostrou que a acidez e concentrações elevadas de estanho (Sn na água para consumo humano estão associadas com a erosão dos dentes permanentes em crianças que vivem perto de uma exploração mineira de estanho. Segundo estudo: Wulandari em 2009, recorrendo à espectrometria de absorção atômica com forno de grafite (GFAAS, mostrou que dentes decíduos que contenham uma alta concentração de chumbo (Pb têm três vezes maior risco de contrair cárie. Terceiro estudo: Satrio em 2010, comparou o estado dos dentes entre as crianças que consumiam água da chuva e as crianças que consumiam água de outras origens. Este revelou que a baixa concentração de fluor na água contribui para aumentar 19 vezes o risco de cáries e que o consumo de água com pH baixo aumenta 22 vezes o risco de cárie quando comparado com o consumo de água com pH neutro. Quarto estudo: Musadad em 2009, realizou um estudo ecológico sobre o efeito da qualidade da água potável em relação à cárie dentária e revelou associação significativa com a acidez, a quantidade de água consumida, a despesa das famílias e

  10. Offshore-müüja Raivo Karu pääses rahapesusüüdistustest / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Riigiprokuratuur lõpetas offshore-kontorit pidanud, riskifondides raha keerutanud ja kahte võltspassi kasutanud mehe kriminaalasja kuna maksukuriteod olid aegunud ja rahapesujuhtumeid ei leitud. Vt. samas: Riigiprokurör Piret Paukshtys: valenimesid võib edasi kasutada; Suurim rahapesu-uurimine Eesti maksuajaloos

  11. Peakonsul Jaanus Kirikmäe andis teenetemärgi praost Thomas Vagale / Airi Vaga ; foto: Harold Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaga, Airi, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves annetas iseseisvuspäeva puhul USA I praostkonna praostile Thomas Vagale Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi. Teenetemärgi andis Thomas Vagale üle Eesti Vabariigi peakonsul Jaanus Kirikmäe

  12. Filmiööd on kohal / Kaisa Karu, Egle Loo, Jüri Laulik, Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2009-01-01

    13. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival: huvitavamaid filme võistlusprogrammist EurAsia, programmidest Panoraam, Foorum, Ladina-Ameerika, 13 valitud teost, Ööfilmid, Screen kriitikute valik, Põhja Valgus

  13. Tajutud kultuuridistants: teooria ja empiirika : Iisraeli venekeelse vähemuse näitel / Kristel Karu-Kletter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu-Kletter, Kristel, 1971-

    2011-01-01

    Käsitlus uurib vene-juudi valimiga läbiviidud empiirilise uurimuse ja kultuuridistantsi mõiste abil vene sisserändajate kohanemismustreid Iisraelis. Antakse ülevaade kultuuridistantsi teooriast, kirjeldatakse Iisraeli immigratsioonikonteksti, Iisraeli venekeelsete immigrantide sotsiaal-demograafilist tausta ning esitatakse võrdlusjooni Eestiga

  14. Optimisation of the enforcement of energy regulations and the use of SIA building standards; Optimierung Energievollzug und Anwendung der SIA-Normen Gebaeude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dettli, R.; Baur, M.; Signer, B. [Econcept AG, Zuerich (Switzerland); Renaud, P.; Wermeille, Ch. [Planair, Bureau d' ingenieurs SIA, La Sagne (Switzerland)

    2003-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a study made on the effectiveness of the enforcement of energy legislation and the value of standards in planning and building activities. The reasons for deficiencies in the enforcement of regulations are examined and suggestions are made for improving the situation. Enforcement problems are discussed, including, for example, the partly insufficient capacities at the building authority level. Detailed measures are proposed at the federal and cantonal level and better training and know-how for building professionals is recommended. Those responsible for enforcement - usually the local authorities - are advised to improve the communication of their supervisory activities. Certain improvements to legislation are proposed and professional institutions are motivated to improve quality management and the know-how of their members. The report is completed with a comprehensive list of literature on the subject.

  15. SIA „AUTO ATVARS” darbība Latvijas autotirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Spila, Andis

    2007-01-01

    Pēdējo gadu laikā auto tirdzniecība ir viena no progresējošākajām nozarēm Latvijas tautsaimniecībā. Attīstoties jaunu automašīnu tirdzniecībai Latvijā attīstās arī citas vispārējai Latvijas attīstībai svarīgas nozares, tādas kā apdrošināšana, kreditēšana, būvniecība u.c. Pašreiz Latvijā piedāvājumā pārstāvētas praktiski visas pasaulē populārākās automašīnu markas, atsevišķas markas tirgo pat divas un vairāk kompānijas. Iespējams, jau pēc dažiem gadiem būs vēl vairāk jaunu auto ti...

  16. CAUSAS DE MORTE E RAZÕES PARA EUTANÁSIA DE CÃES

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Almeida Fighera

    2008-01-01

    A crescente aproximação afetiva entre os cães e o homem fez com que nos últimos anos fosse gerada muita informação científica sobre medicina canina. Entretanto, como a maior parte dessas informações é obtida através da literatura internacional, é comum que os clínicos e patologistas veterinários brasileiros necessitem extrapolar dados referentes à prevalência das diferentes doenças que causam morte de cães para nossa realidade. Baseado nisso, este estudo tem como objetivo principal dete...

  17. Home loan profitability optimisation in the financial industry / by Sias Heyns

    OpenAIRE

    Heyns, Sias

    2007-01-01

    Product profitability needs to remain a competitive advantage to a bank's home loan product. Ever changing customer needs and even more demanding customers today enforce reasons to investigate the profitability of home loans. Other aspects to consider includes transfer pricing, ROA, cost to deliver product to market areas (marketing and distribution cost) and break-even period. Banks are facing immense challenges to achieve sustainable profitability. Historically low interest rates are compre...

  18. SIA - Sistema de Inventário Automatizado para as bibliotecas do SIBi/USP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Fischi Zani

    Full Text Available Descreve a criação e implantação do Sistema de Inventário Automatizado - SAI - para o Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas da Universidade de São Paulo - SIBi/USP -, ressaltando as vantagens do emprego da tecnologia para tornar mais ágil, eficaz e confiável o processo. O modelo mostrou-se flexível às particularidades dos acervos e das bibliotecas. Enumera os principais requisitos para automação do procedimento, bem como as tecnologias envolvidas e disponíveis no mercado. Após aplicação de teste piloto, o modelo foi aprovado pelas bibliotecas da USP.

  19. Os Estados Unidos e a transformação da Ásia

    OpenAIRE

    Gaspar, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Segundo Nicholas Spykman, os Estados Unidos, não obstante a semelhança da sua posição geográfica em relação à Europa e à Asia, seguiam estratégicas diferentes na sua política europeia e asiática. Esse padrão foi confirmado durante a II Guerra Mundial e na Guerra Fria e parece subsistir no pós-Guerra Fria. Os Estados Unidos consolidaram a sua relação com a Europa através da institucionalização da comunidade transatlântica, mas não existe um quadro multilateral para ordenar as suas relações com...

  20. I In vitro of Te o anthe ephros elminti sia vog papa ic effec gelii, T ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    plates levamisol and distilled water was added to the egg suspension. Levamisole was used only at one dose level of. 3.125mg/ml as a reference drug. The eggs were incubated in this mixture for 48 h at 27°C and 70% relative humidity. After 48 h, a drop of Lugol iodine solution (Reidel de Hae) was added to stop the.

  1. Avances en la revitalización del sia pedee: una agenda basada en la comunidad

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gómez Rendón, J.; Poirama, W.; Haboud, M.; Ostler, N.

    2011-01-01

    Los epẽrarã siapidarã son una de las catorce nacionalidades indígenas del Ecuador aunque su origen étnico se halla en el Chocó colombiano. Luego de un sondeo sociolingüístico realizado en la comunidad épera del Ecuador el año 2005 y por iniciativa de los dirigentes de la nacionalidad, se emprendió

  2. "Sia funzion la rappresentazione". Carlo Lodoli and the Crisis of Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ungureanu, Cosmin

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Similarly with the progressive turn from magic to sciences, architecture underwent a slow transformation starting with the last decades of the 17thcentury. Inevitably, the increase in rationality provoked the loss of the mythical component that still infused the Early Modern architectural theory. Carlo Lodoli's thought plays an important part in this process, as it carries forth the questioning of the authority of ancient knowledge, practice and aesthetics, while emphasizing the ethical function of architecture. This paper is an attempt to see Lodoli's theory through the lens of the coeval scientific achievements, while presenting him as an actor of the architectural crisis at the end of classical modernity.

  3. Rapidity distributions of antiprotons in Si+A and Au+A collisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shiva Kumar, B [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Beavis, D; Bennett, M; Carroll, J B; Chiba, J; Crawford, H J; Debbe, R; Doke, T; Engelage, J; Greiner, L; Hayano, R S; Hallman, T J; Heckman, H H; Kashiwagi, T; Kikuchi, J; Kuo, C; Lindstrom, P J; Mitchell, J W; Nagamiya, S; Pope, K; Stankus, P; Tanaka, K H; Welsh, R C; Zhan, W; E858/E878 Collaboration

    1994-01-03

    We have studied the production of {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {+-}}, p, anti p, and light nuclei in relativistic Si+nucleus and Au+nucleus collisions using a zero degree focusing spectrometer. We find that for the antiprotons, the width of the rapidity distribution measured at p{sub t}=0 increases in going from Si+Al collisions to Au+Au collisions in spite of the lower center of mass energy of the latter measurement. We discuss our data, and the implications of our measurement. We also report sensitivity limits on the production of exotic particles. (orig.)

  4. Aportació al coneixement de les cavitats de la Macaronèsia

    OpenAIRE

    Trias, Miquel; Rando, J. Carlos; Alcover, Josep Antoni

    2010-01-01

    [ES]En este trabajo describimos una serie de cavidades de la Macaronesia topografiadas en el curso de las visitas enmarcadas en un Proyecto de Investigación dirigido a determinar cronologías de extinciones de especies autóctonas e introducciones de especies alóctonas de vertebrados en diferentes islas macaronésicas y en Baleares. Se describen 15 cavidades, principalmente de la isla de Fuerteventura, así como otras de Lanzarote y Madeira. Entre estas cavidades presentamos la topografía de l...

  5. Estudi iconografie de l’església de Sant Joan Baptista d’Orta (Tarragona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monlleó i Calcerà, Ángel

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The main chapel of the parish church at Orta (Tarragona which was built during the 15th and 16th centuries, is situated between the central butresses on the Epistle wing, under a crossing vault whose ribbings rest upon four supporting hanging brackets. The keystone is carved with a momogram of Jesus' name; whilst each of the four bracket outlines a polyedral modillion held by their corresponding Atlases: One of the interior ones is an eagle that supports a diamond shaped shield emblazoned with the cross of Malta; the other one represents a naked man knelt in the attittude of prayer. Those at the entrance feature two dressed busts of men respectively holding Aragonese shields illustrating a fruitful, uprooted fig tree and an eight-sided breast plate. Despite the meagre decoration, the iconologic-iconographic study reveals a symbolic design of an extraordinary richness. The monogram presents evidence of Christophic, soteriologic and solar hipertrophics, which aids in the interpretation of the hanging brackets. Therefore, the two interior ones represent literally the passages from the medieval Physiologus and Bestiaries in which the characteristics of the eagle and the derived moral lessons are explained. From this point, the two hanging brackets at the entrance take on the significance of the renewing power of Baptism: of the new man who —according to the Apocalypse— becomes One with the Spirit. Thus, without any objective written evidence on the contrary, it is possible to claim that the chapel was originally the baptistery of the church. This church, it would seem, despite having been neglected by the scientific community, is one of the most notable examples of the sacred buildings of the Gothic-Catalan style in the Terres de I'Ebre.[fr] Bâtie à cheval sur le XVᵉ et le XVIᵉ siècles, entre les contreforts du côté de l'Épître, la chapelle majeure de l'église paroissiale d'Orta se résout en une voûte sur croisée d'ogives dont les nervures sont intersectées à une clef pendante en disque et retombent jusqu'aux impostes de quatre culs-de-lampe angulaires en support. Et ce sont précisément ces cinq éléments les seuls point de la chapelle à étaler une représentation sculptorique. Alors que la clef est gravée avec un monogramme du nom de Jésus, les quatre supports insinuent un culot polyédrique soutenu chacun par un adante: un aigle soutenant l'écu carrelé avec la croix de Malte sur le champ et un homme accroupi sur le point de prier, dans les deux plus à l'intérieur. Dans ceux de l'entrée, des bustes d'homme habillés tennant un écu aragonais avec un figuier fruitier arraché, dans l'une, et un plastron plein à huit côtés, dans l'autre. Malgré la représentation exiguë, l'étude iconografico-iconologique relève tout un programme symbolique d'une richesse vraiment extraordinaire. L'hypertrophiejésu-christique et sotériologique du monogramme, en plus son indiscutable symbolisme solaire, fournissent la clé d'interprétation des culs-de-lampe. Ainsi, en s'inspirant du Physiologus ti des Bestiaires moyenâgeux, les deux intérieurs suivent à la lettre le passage où l'on expose les caractéristiques de l'aigle et les commentaires moralisants qu'on y lit. Rapporté au monogramme, il est désormais dévoilé le symbolisme baptismal de toute la chapelle. La signification du renouvellement opéré par le Baptême, de l'homme nouveau qui —d'après l'annonce faite dans l’Apocalypse— en surgit tout en devenant Un avec l'Esprit, reste associée aux deux culs-delampe de l'entrée. Finalement, faute de documentation objective qui le consteste, la chapelle de la Purissime aurait été à l'origine le baptistère de cette église. Une église qui, d'ailleurs, s'offre à nous, malgré l'omission de la communauté scientifique, comme l'une des plus notables constructions du gothique religieux dans les Terres de l'Ebre catalanes.

  6. Homem de 46 anos com suspeita de neoplasia pulmonar e hemiparésia direita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 46 anos, fumador, com opacidade nodular do ápice do pulmão direito em radiografia torácica (RTx (figura 1 realizada no Serviço de Urgência (SU por quadro arrastado de dispneia e tosse. Teve alta sob antibioterapiae com reavaliação agendada em consulta externa, à qual faltou.

  7. Tasakaalustatud mõõtmismudel kasumile mittesuunatud organisatsioonides - üks "järgmise" Eesti võimalustest / Sander Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Sander, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Ülevaade Tasakaalustatud Mõõtmismudeli (TMM) (Balanced Scorecard - BSC) teoreetilistest alustest, kujundamisest ja kujundamise eripäradest kasumile mittesuunatud organisatsioonides kui ühest "järgmise Eesti" võimalusest tagamaks Eesti tasakaalustatud ja süsteemset arengut ning inimeste rahulolu. Joonised. Tabelid

  8. Kahjustatud isiku omaosalus kahju tekkimisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Piia Karu ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Piia

    2005-01-01

    Kahjuhüvitise vähendamine sõltuvalt kahjustatud isikust tulenevatest asjaoludest või ohust, mille eest kahjustatud isik vastutab ; kui kahjustatud isik aitas ise kahju tekkimisele kaasa või suurendas juba tekkinud kahju ; isiku surma põhjustamise, tema tervise kahjustamise või talle kehavigastuse tekitamise korral ; omaosaluse tagajärjed

  9. Võlaõiguse kollisiooninormide areng Eesti rahvusvahelise eraõiguse seadusandluses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mari-Liis Karu ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Heiki Pisuke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mari-Liis

    2002-01-01

    Eesti võlaõiguse kollisiooninormide ajalooline ülevaade (Balti Eraseadus, 1940. a. Tsiviilseadustik, ENSV Tsiviilkoodeks), kehtivad võlaõiguse kollisiooninormid ning võlaõigus rahvusvahelise eraõiguse seaduses

  10. Näitused / Katrin Kurik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurik, Katrin

    1998-01-01

    Linnagalerii Tallinnas: Anna Pauli tekstiilid ja Andras Huberi skulptuurid (Ungari); Kullo lastegalerii: Heli Männi ja Tondiraba keskkooli kunstiklasside õpilaste "Veneetsia maskid"; Tammsaare majamuuseum: Kersti Karu keraamika

  11. Russian-IAEA Education Training Centre at Moscow SIA 'Radon': 8 Years Experience in Educating Personnel to Manage Radioactive Wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Batyukhnova, O.G.; Dmitriev, S.A.; Agrinenko, V.V.; Ojovan, M.I.; Sabol, J.; Efremenkov, V.M.

    2006-01-01

    The experience gained during last 8 years of educational and training activities of the IETC under the IAEA guidance was described in this paper. For that period more than 160 specialists from 26 European and Asian countries enhanced their skills. The education-training programmes were developed accounting both for the IAEA recommendations and gained experience and attendees' requests. Efficiency of education was carefully analysed using the structural adaptation of educational process as well as factors, which have influence on education quality. Social-psychological aspects were also taken into account in assessing the overall efficiency. The analysis of the effect of individual factors and the efficiency of education activity were carried out based on attestation results and questioning attendees of training courses. A number of analytical methods were utilised such as Ishikawa's diagram method and Pareto's principle for improving of training programmes and activities. (authors)

  12. Evaluating community investments in the mining sector using multi-criteria decision analysis to integrate SIA with business planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esteves, A.M.

    2008-01-01

    Gaining senior management's commitment to long-term social development projects, which are characterised by uncertainty and complexity, is made easier if projects are shown to benefit the site's strategic goals. However, even though the business case for community investment may have been accepted at a general level, as a strategy for competitive differentiation, risk mitigation and a desire to deliver - and to be seen to deliver - a 'net benefit' to affected communities, mining operations are still faced with implementation challenges. Case study research on mining companies, including interviews with social investment decision-makers, has assisted in developing the Social Investment Decision Analysis Tool (SIDAT), a decision model for evaluating social projects in order to create value for both the company and the community. Multi-criteria decision analysis techniques integrating business planning processes with social impact assessment have proved useful in assisting mining companies think beyond the traditional drivers (i.e. seeking access to required lands and peaceful relations with neighbours), to broader issues of how they can meet their business goals and contribute to sustainable development in the regions in which they operate

  13. Un rilievo sotto sopra Modelli digitali 3D ad alta definizione sia dei fondali che delle coste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codevintec Italiana Srl Codevintec Italiana Srl

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available An upside down survey: shores and sea bed hi-res 3D digital models Laser scanning and interferometric bathymetry represent the cutting edge of coastal survey technology and can be very beneficial for mapping complicated waterside areas. The similarity of the data provided by the two systems (point cloud and intensity value make it easy to integrate the two surveys using PolyWorks commercial software. The final product is a single 3D model made up of bathymetry and topography. Since 2004 Codevintec tested the integration of these two methodologies, carrying out a number of high resolution surveys, generating a complete and accurate digital model of areas both above and below water level, a result inimitable by any other topographical survey method. The 3D-laser scanner was an Optech ILRIS-ER that allows scanning in dynamic from the boat while a SEA SWATHplus-H wide swathsonar system was used to collect underwater topography. A combined GPS and inertial platform (Applanix POS/MV 320 is used to measure position and 3D attitude of the two sensors during the survey.

  14. Pathogenic microorganisms survival in ambrosiaSobrevivência de micro-organismos patogênicos em ambrósia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Dias Timm

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Ambrosia is a kind of dulce de leche homemade with milk, eggs and sugar. It is usually sold in free markets and it is largely consumed in South America. Food contamination by pathogenic microorganisms can occur during the food processing, in distribution centers, in retail markets or in the consumer’s homes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival in ambrosia of main pathogenic microorganisms eventually transmitted by dairy products. Ambrosia fractions were experimentally contaminated with Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Analysis to evaluate the microorganisms’ viability were made after storage for 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 30 days. Salmonella and L. monocytogenes were recovered from all samples during the 30 days of study. E. coli O157:H7 was isolated until the tenth day and S. aureus until the third day. It was demonstrated that important pathogenic microorganisms are able to survive up to 30 days in ambrosia, which makes this product a potential carrier of food-borne diseases. This work is the first study about the possibility of ambrosia transmitting relevant public-health danger pathogenic microorganisms. Ambrosia é um tipo de doce de leite preparado artesanalmente com leite, ovos e açúcar, comumente comercializado em feiras livres e muito consumido na América do Sul. A contaminação de alimentos por microrganismos patogênicos pode ocorrer durante as etapas de processamento, nos centros de distribuição, no mercado varejista ou na casa do consumidor. O trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a sobrevivência em ambrosia dos principais microrganismos patogênicos eventualmente transmitidos por leite e derivados. Alíquotas de ambrosia foram experimentalmente contaminadas com Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica sorotipo Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes e Staphylococcus aureus. Foram realizadas pesquisas dos microrganismos inoculados após 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20 e 30 dias de estocagem. Salmonella e L. monocytogenes foram recuperadas de todas as amostras durante os 30 dias de estudo. E. coli O157:H7 foi isolada até o 10º dia e S. aureus foi recuperado até o terceiro dia de estocagem. Foi demonstrado que microrganismos patogênicos importantes em saúde pública são capazes de sobreviver por até 30 dias em ambrosia, o que faz deste doce um potencial veículo de doenças transmitidas por alimentos. O presente trabalho é o primeiro estudo sobre a possibilidade da ambrosia veicular microrganismos importantes em saúde pública

  15. Proceedings of the CanSIA solar conference 2005 : the world of solar. CD-ROM ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This conference focused on recent activities promoting solar energy as a major energy supplier, as well as on actions needed to overcome barriers to greater solar deployment. The potential of solar energy technologies in overcoming energy supply problems was examined, as well as the value of solar energy in achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets and creating jobs and wealth for local economies. Various solar energy programs in Canada were reviewed, as well as greenhouse gas offset systems and domestic hot water programs. Standard Offer Contracts in Ontario were discussed. Various university and industry partnerships in solar energy research were described. Issues concerning interconnection standards and industry updates were reviewed. Financing programs for solar energy projects were presented, including Renewable Energy Deployment Initiative (REDI) program statistics. Performance standards for photovoltaic (PV) modules were reviewed, as well as changes in various building codes relating to the solar energy industry. Issues concerning sustainable energy education, marketing and training were examined. The role of solar energy in Ontario's electricity supply was discussed. An overview of current solar energy projects funded by the Canadian government was provided. Thirty-nine papers were presented at this conference, of which 5 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs

  16. Ion-channeling analysis of As relocation in heavily doped Si:As irradiated with high-energy ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lulli, G.; Albertazzi, E.; Bianconi, M.; Ferri, M.

    2003-01-01

    Silicon on insulator layers doped with 8x10 20 As cm -3 and thermally equilibrated at 1100 deg. C, have been irradiated with 2 MeV Si + ions. Rutherford backscattering-channeling analysis shows an increase in As disorder upon irradiation significantly larger than the increase in Si disorder, while electrical measurements show a large decrease in electrical activation. Monte Carlo simulation of channeling angular scans suggests that the enhanced As disorder effect is due to the preferential relocation of dopant atoms slightly displaced from lattice sites, which appear the main reason responsible for the electrical deactivation in the unirradiated sample and are believed to be in the form of As-vacancy clusters. Upon 600 deg. C 15 s annealing, the As atoms randomly relocated by ion irradiation almost completely recover their original configuration, probably capturing vacancies and forming, again, the complexes dissociated by ion irradiation

  17. Imparare a guardare. Luisa Bonesio racconta come il Villaggio Morelli a Sondalo sia opportunità di turismo colto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Maino

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Heritages of exceptional value are often not properly understood, even if they are part of our everyday life. This is the case of the Eugenio Morelli sanatorium village. The experience of a research group, of which Luisa Bonesio is part, shows how those places can be “viewed consciously” through a cultural path, where “experts” and “inhabitants” mutually interact and exchange their own experiences, thus broadening knowledge from the local to the international level. Photographs drive this renewed wise and educated perception, and create a sort of touristic itinerary within the ex sanatorium, inviting to take a tour, and giving new life to things of the past, since new eyes now can see them.

  18. Emoções e guerras: da Micronésia às bases militares americanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Saraiva

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Catherine Lutz tem um PhD em antropologia cultural da Universidade de Harvard, é professora do Departamento de Antropologia da Brown University, e investigadora do Watson Institute for International Studies da mesma universidade. Os seus temas de pesquisa debruçam-se sobre a antropologia das emoções, construção do género e da noção de raça, teoria crítica, mudanças na democracia e, mais recentemente, guerra, grupos militares e sociedade, nomeadamente através do estudo de bases militares americanas e do retorno de militares americanos dissidentes da guerra do Iraque. Lutz conduziu igualmente pesquisa para organizações activistas e todas estas temáticas se relacionam com a vontade de compreender as articulações socais e culturais das construções de poder e de desigualdade. Algumas das suas obras, influentes no campo da antropologia das emoções, da antropologia cognitiva e da história política são Unnatural Emotions: Everyday Sentiments on a Micronesian Atoll and their Challenge to Western Theory; Language and the Politics of Emotion(com Abu-Lughod; Reading National Geographic; Homefront: a Military City and the American 20th Century; Local Democracy under Siege: Activism, Public Interests, and Private Politics; The Bases of the Empire. The Struggle against US Military Posts, além de vários artigos como "Empire is in the details" e "Making war at home in the United States: militarization and the current crisis". Nesta entrevista Lutz fala sobre o que tem sido o seu trabalho e as suas preocupações académicas mas também sociais e interventivas.

  19. Social Development Needs Analysis as a tool for SIA to guide corporate-community investment: Applications in the minerals industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esteves, Ana Maria; Vanclay, Frank

    2009-01-01

    Mining companies are faced with growing societal demands that a sufficient portion of the benefits from mining should flow to local communities to ensure they are adequately compensated for the negative social impacts they experience. This paper considers how a more equitable benefit distribution system can be achieved through voluntary initiatives, recognising companies as potential agents for social development through the provision of improved services and infrastructure, capacity-building, employment and local economic development initiatives. Social Development Needs Analysis is introduced as an enhancement to participatory Social Impact Assessment methods to give practical guidance to site managers in evaluating community investment alternatives. Social Development Needs Analysis aims to identify the priority social issues that need to be addressed in order for a company to contribute to a net positive impact in the community while building assets for the business

  20. Il protonio nasce dall'antimateria Assomiglia sia ad un atomo di idrogeno che a uno di anti-idrogeno

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    For the fist time in the history, a chemical reaction has been realized between matter and antimatter; from this reaction is born the "new born" protonio, made of one ion of hydrogen and one of anti-hydrogen

  1. Alopecia areata ofiásia na infância: do diagnóstico ao tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Otávio Alquezar Gozzano

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Entre as alopecias mais comuns na infância está a alopecia areata (AA, uma afecção crônica dos folículos pilosos, de etiologia auto-imune e genética. Apresenta-se pela queda de pelos, devido a interrupção de sua síntese, sem a atrofia dos folículos, por isso é reversível. AA afeta ambos os sexos e inicia- se em qualquer idade; porém, 60% dos primeiros episódios ocorrem entre 5 e 20 anos. AA manifesta-se por placas de alopecia assintomáticas, arredondadas, sem inflamação, podendo afetar qualquer área com folículos pilosos, frequentemente o couro cabeludo. Sinal de tração positivo, pelos cadavéricos e penugem branca no exame físico da fase aguda auxiliam o diagnóstico. AA é classificada como atípica e clássica, esta última pode ser: placa única, placas múltiplas, AA total, ou AA ofiásica (AAO. AAO consiste na perda de cabelos na linha de implantação temporooccipital, atingindo as bordas inferiores do couro cabeludo; seu diagnóstico é clinico devendo ser diferenciado de Tinha do couro cabeludo, pseudopelada de Brocq e tricotilomania. O tratamento para AAO é sintomático e não altera o prognóstico, sendo utilizados principalmente corticoides tópicos, infiltrações intralesionais, antralina e minoxidil. Objetivo: Relatar caso de AAO na infância. Relato do caso: Feminina, 13 anos, com perda de cabelos há 4 anos e piora há 6 meses. Ao exame: área extensa de alopecia em região temporoocciptal até margem inferior de implantação do couro cabeludo. Sinal de tração positivo na periferia da área de alopecia. Hipótese diagnóstica: AAO. Terapia: infiltração de corticoide. Metodologia: Paciente atendida em ambulatório e revisão de literatura. Conclusão: Por acometer sobretudo os cabelos, AA afeta a autoestima e os aspectos psicológicos, principalmente das crianças, que crescem em meio propício a julgamentos e rejeição social. Assim, é importante a intervenção terapêutica precoce para estabilizar e regredir o quadro clínico.

  2. SIA “Doktora Mileika Klīnika" mārketinga kompleksa analīze.

    OpenAIRE

    Mileika, Nadežda

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs veltīts „Doktora Mileika klīnikas” „7P” modeļa marketinga kompleksa analīzei. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorijas atziņām par mārketinga kompleksu pakalpojuma sfērā, uz intervijas un klientu aptaujas rezultātiem, izanalizēt „Doktora Mileika klīnika” mārketinga kompleksa elementu priekšrocības un trūkumus, kā arī izvirzīt priekšlikumus mārketinga kompleksa pilnveidošanai uzņēmumā. Pirmajā nodaļā izskatīti mārketinga kompleksa „7P” elementi ar medicīnas ...

  3. Search for new negative particles produced in 14. 6 A GeV/C Si+A interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, H J; Engelage, J; Greiner, L [Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States); Aoki, M; Hayano, R S; Shimizu, Y [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Beatty, J [Boston Univ., MA (United States); Beavis, D; Debbe, R [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Carroll, J B [Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States); Chiba, J; Tanaka, K H [National Lab. for High Energy Physics (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan); Doke, T; Kashiwagi, T; Kikuchi, J [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan); Hallman, T J [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Heckman, H; Lindstrom, P J [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Kirk, P N; Wang, Z F [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge (United States); Nagamiya, S; Stankus, P [Columbia Univ., Nevis Lab., Irvington, NY (United States)

    1991-12-01

    We discuss an investigation of negative particle production in interactions of 14.6 A GeV/c {sup 28}Si with targets of Al, Cu, and Au at the Brookhaven National Laboratory AGS, experiment E858. The experiment was performed using a beamline spectrometer to measure cross sections for meta-stable negatively charged particles produced at 0deg at rigidities from 2 GV to 8 GV. We report upper limits on the production of new particles in the mass to charge (A/Z) range from -1 to -6 and discuss a simple model for describing our sensitivity. (orig.).

  4. Iseäraliku väega piigad, õhupallimeelast karust rääkimata / Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Anneli, 1973-

    2001-01-01

    6. septembril Coca-Cola Plazas esilinastuva Arvo Iho mängufilmi "Karu süda" peategelast Niikat mängiva Rain Simmuli abiga meenutatakse filmimist ja kaasnäitlejaid Dinara Drukarovat, Iljana Pavlovat ja karu Malõshshi

  5. Uma análise da estratégia nacional de desenvolvimento da Malásia An analysis of the national development strategy of Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleomar Gomes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at studying Malaysia's national development strategy in the last three decades. Firstly, we will give emphasis to the country's economic planning development, its medium-term and long-term plans, as well as Mahathir's political influence. Secondly, we will try to identify key elements in the Malaysian growth process, such as its exchange rate and current account policies, the participation of the government in the whole process and matters related to domestic savings and foreign direct investment. We will also talk about the 1997 financial crisis.

  6. «Quand’anche l’errore sia stato smascherato…». La genesi estetica della filosofia della storia in J.G. Herder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Conte

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Adopting a morphological paradigm based on the equidistance of any art form from the concept of beauty, Herder explicitly subverts normative aesthetics and its claim to impose an everlasting canon and to measure all cultural products by the very same yardstick. Focusing on Herder’s early writings about ancient sculpture, poetry and mythology, I point out how they will later influence his philosophy of history, as it developed in works such as This too a Philosophy of History for the Formation of Humanity and Ideas for the Philosophy of History of Humanity.

  7. Pathogenic microorganisms survival in ambrosia
    Sobrevivência de micro-organismos patogênicos em ambrósia

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudio Dias Timm; Daiani Teixeira Silva; Priscila Alves Dias; Rita de Cássia Santos Conceição

    2013-01-01

    Ambrosia is a kind of dulce de leche homemade with milk, eggs and sugar. It is usually sold in free markets and it is largely consumed in South America. Food contamination by pathogenic microorganisms can occur during the food processing, in distribution centers, in retail markets or in the consumer’s homes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival in ambrosia of main pathogenic microorganisms eventually transmitted by dairy products. Ambrosia fractions were experimentally contamina...

  8. Biznesa efektivitātes uzlabošanas iespējas uzņēmumā SIA "3K MANAGEMENT"

    OpenAIRE

    Penēze, Aija

    2015-01-01

    Aizvien lielāka nozīmē mūsdienās tiek pievērsta atšķirībai starp uzņēmumu vadīšanu un efektīvu uzņēmumu vadīšanu. Uzņēmēji organizācijas vadīšanā savu uzmanību koncentrē uz to, kā uzņēmums preces un pakalpojumus piedāvā, kāds ir tā tēls, kā tiek organizēta uzņēmuma darbība un kultūra. Uzņēmumi arvien vairāk vērš uzmanību uz uzņēmumu vadīšanu ar pievienoto vērtību, tas ir, efektivitātes uzlabošanu. Aijas Penēzes maģistra darba tēma ir „Biznesa efektivitātes uzlabošanas iespējas uzņēmumā SI...

  9. Disputes i compromisos entre l'església de Girona i la noblesa: Notes d'unes difícils relacions. Segles XI i XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salrach, Josep M.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article are studied the disputes or conflicts between the ecclesiastic hierarchy and the aristocracy of the country of Girona in the era of the feudal change. The sources of information are the documents of the XI-XII Century of the Chartulary call of "Carlemany", of the bishop of Girona, edited by J. M. Marqués, and the documents of the XI Century of the cathedral of Gerona, edited by R. Marti. The article is split into two parts of unequal extension. In the first, the shortest, it is summarised the problem of the relationships between the Church and the civil power in the Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages, until the XIXII Century. The approach is general, European, but is ended this part carrying the problems to the case of Catalonia. It is a study of the context in the one which the author attempts to find the bases of the attitude of the feudal nobility in theirs disputes with the Church. In the second part of the article are studied the disputes and the engagements (more the first tan the seconds between the cathedral of Gerona and the nobility. The analysis and the description are not effected in a way concrete, examining a dispute after other, that is to say. there is no studies of cases with lineages and personages identification, because prevails the global vision and the will of identifying the principal disputes and the general and dominant reasons of each part. The questions that they have guided the investigation are: With what obstacles stumbled the reform of the Church? Which were the concrete causes of the disputes? How they were solved these disputes? Which were the political bases, material, spiritual and cultural on those which the Church of Gerona sustained their engagements with the nobility? How they were articulated these engagements? Turned out to be it a work that interprets the reform of the Church in the framework of the feudal change process, and arrives to the conclusion of the fact that the reform was an essential component of this process, by the mutations that introduced in the relationships between the Church and the Nobility as well as by the social and political answers that unfettered.[fr] Dans cet article on étudie les disputes ou conflits entre la jerarcliie ecclésiastique et l'aristocratie de la diocèse de Girona à l'époque du changement féodal. Les sources d'information sont les documents d'XIème et XIIème siècles du cartulaire, appelé de Charlemagne, de l'évêque de Girona, edité par J. M. Marqués, et les documents d'XIème siècle de cette siège, édités par R. Marti. L'article a été divisé en deux parts. Dans la première, la plus générale, il y a le resumé du problème des relations parmi l'Eglise et le pouvoir civil dans l'Antiquité Tardive et l'Haut Moyen Âge, jusqu'à l'XI ème et le XIIème siècles. Le point de vue est général, européen, mais on termine cette partie avec une projection sur la Catalogne. Il s'agit d'une mise en contexte dans laquelle l'auteur essaie de trouver une explication à l'attitude de la noblesse féodale à l'égard de son conflit avec l'Eglise. Dans la deuxième partie de l'article on étudie proprement les disputes et compromis parmi la siège de Girona et la noblesse. Ici on ne fait pas l'analyse et la description de façon concrete, en examinant une dispute après l'autre, c'est à dire, il n'y a pas études de cas avec identificaction de lignages et personnages, parce que prévaut la vision globale et la volonté d'identifier surtout les conflits principaux et les raisons générales et dominantes d'une et autre part. Parmi autres, les questions qu'on guidé la recherche sont: Quels obstacles a trouvé la réforme de l'Eglise? Quelles ont été les causes des disputes? Comme ont été résolus ces conflits? Quels ont été les fondements politiques, matériaux, spirituels et culturels sur lesquels l'Église de Girona a axé leurs compromis avec la noblesse? Comme se sont articulés ces compromis? Le résultat est un travail que fait l'interprétation de la réforme de l'Église dans le quadre du processus de changement féodal, et qui amene à la conclusion que la réforme fut une partie essentiel de ce processus à cause des mutations que a contribué à introduire dans les relations parmi l'Église et la noblesse et à cause des réponses sociales et politiques qu'elle a suscité.

  10. Low-dose CT detects more progression of bone formation in comparison to conventional radiography in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: results from the SIAS cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Koning, Anoek; de Bruin, Freek; van den Berg, Rosaline; Ramiro, Sofia; Baraliakos, Xenofon; Braun, Juergen; van Gaalen, Floris A; Reijnierse, Monique; van der Heijde, Désirée

    2018-02-01

    To compare the CT Syndesmophyte Score (CTSS) for low-dose CT (ldCT) with the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS) for conventional radiographs (CR) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Patients with AS in the Sensitive Imaging in Ankylosing Spondylitis cohort had lateral cervical and lumbar spine CR and whole spine ldCT at baseline and 2 years. CR and ldCT images were scored by two readers, paired by patient, blinded to time order, per imaging modality. For the total score analysis, we used average scores of readers per corner on CR or quadrant on ldCT. For the syndesmophyte analysis we used individual reader and consensus scores, regarding new or growing syndesmophyte at the same corner/quadrant. 50 patients were included in the syndesmophyte analysis and 37 in the total score analysis. Mean (SD) status scores for mSASSS (range 0-72) and CTSS (range 0-552) at baseline were 17.9 (13.8) and 161.6 (126.6), and mean progression was 2.4 (3.8) and 17.9 (22.1). Three times as many patients showed new or growing syndesmophytes at ≥3 quadrants on ldCT compared with ≥3 corners on CR for individual readers; for consensus this increased to five times. In 50 patients, 36 new or growing syndesmophytes are seen on CR compared with 151 on ldCT, most being found in the thoracic spine. ldCT, covering the whole spine, detects more progression in the form of new and growing syndesmophytes in patients with AS compared with CR, which is limited to the cervical and lumbar spine. Most progression occurred in the thoracic spine. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  11. As misericórdias e as transferências de bens: o caso dos Monteiros, entre o Porto e a Ásia (1580-1640

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel dos Guimarães Sá

    Full Text Available Resumo Os testamentos de dois mercadores da mesma família, envolvidos na viagem do Japão, Antônio e Domingos Monteiro, revelam um modo de vida marcado pela mobilidade entre vários territórios do Sudeste Asiático, transacionando grande variedade de produtos. Por meio de sua rede de relações, é possível discernir a presença de parentes seus, sobretudo sobrinhos, e de outros negociantes portuenses, sugerindo que o modelo português de emigração para o Brasil já estava em ação no Oriente. Embora a transmissão de bens competisse aos provedores dos defuntos e ausentes, as misericórdias transferiam capitais de defuntos para a metrópole, em detrimento dos agentes diretos do rei, embora fosse impossível evitar a ingerência destes últimos. Apesar da vontade em fazer chegar o dinheiro à metrópole rapidamente para convertê-lo em padrões de juro, conveniências do trato, a burocracia régia e litígios sucessórios tornavam moroso o processo de transferência.

  12. Veiksniai, lemiantys rinkoje įsitvirtinusių transliuotojų įmonių atsako strategijas į pertraukiamąsias inovacijas: TV transliuotojų industrijos atvejis

    OpenAIRE

    Markevičiūtė, Imantė

    2017-01-01

    Disruptive technologies and business models are fundamentally changing the established ‘rules of the game’ in many industries. Thus, finding an adequate response becomes a matter of survival to companies touched by disruptive innovation. The current research is attempting to reveal the factors determining the response strategy of local incumbent TV broadcasters to global disruptive innovation. In order to do so, these research objectives are pursued in order to answer the research question: t...

  13. Järjekordne kogus kergesti riknevat kaupa / Rait Avestik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Avestik, Rait, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Teatritudengite diplomilavastustest - H. Ibseni "Nukumaja" K. Sinissaare lavastuses, Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi teatriõppetooli bakalaureusetöö, A. Kivirähki ja J. Karu "Asjade seis" T. Ojasoo lavastuses, EMA Kõrgema Lavakunstikooli 21. lennu bakalaureusetöö

  14. Taaskasutuses London / Marlen Promann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Promann, Marlen

    2007-01-01

    "100% Disain London" messist, kus peateemaks oli säästlikkus disainis, materjalides, tehnoloogias ja tootmises. Markko Karu jõudis sellel noore disainiettevõtja auhinna finaali (International Young Design Entrepreneur of the Year)

  15. Raamat algajale disainerile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Markko Karu osales Londonis Briti Nõukogu korraldatud rahvusvahelisel noorte disaineritest ettevõtjate võistlusel - projektiks oli käsiraamat äsja ülikooli lõpetanud disaineritele. Konkursi võitis venetsueela disainer Sigal Cohen

  16. Hansapank is the best Baltic brand / Aigars Rungis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rungis, Aigars

    2003-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Leedu ettevõtete turundustegevusest Baltimaades. Kommenteerivad Robin K. Rindehed, Kristiina Kõiv, Margus Sameli ja Kaarel Karu. Vt. samas intervjuud Põlva Piima turundusjuhi Sven Puussepaga

  17. Evaluation of Water Consumption by Car Wash Facilities in Bauchi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF HORSFALL

    Nigeria. 2Ofijidalillah Environmental Services, Ado Karu, Nasarawa State Nigeria ... were analysed using statistical method such as random sampling techniques and simple descriptive ... weekend, a long queue of cars is usually formed, all.

  18. Sem prioritetov Tallinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna linnakantselei Eurointegratsioonibüroo juhataja Hedi Pika, projektijuhi Tõnu Karu ja Tallinna alalise esindaja Brüsselis Kaido Sireli tööst Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondide projektide realiseerimisel

  19. Kas maavalitsuste rong on juba ära läinud? / Tõnis Tõnisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnisson, Tõnis, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Järg 12. mai lk. 13. Oma arvamust maavalitsuste kaotamise suhtes avaldavad Rapla maavanem Tõnis Blank, omavalitsusliidu esimees Kehtna vallavanem Kalle Toomet, ROLi tegevdirektor Silvi Ojamuru, Kohila vallavanem Hillar Kalmet ja Märjamaa vallavolikogu esimees Villu Karu

  20. Ülevaade akordionimängu ja -õpetuse arengust Eestis = The history of accordion performance and pedagogy in Estonia / Tiina Välja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Välja, Tiina, 1962-

    2014-01-01

    Lähemalt akordionistidest Robert Salong, Johann Lõhmus, Leopold Vigla, Artur Aola, Woldemar Koch, Vello Karu, Venda Tammann, Heinrich Annion. Ka akordionialase kõrghariduse omandamisest väljaspool Eestit

  1. Aasta ema tekki kootud armastus / Grethe Rõõm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõõm, Grethe

    2009-01-01

    44 eesti naist kudusid oma head soovid tekilappidesse, mis talgutööna heegeldati kokku aasta emale emadepäeval kingitavaks tekiks. Oma muljeid jagavad Helmi Valdna, Leili Karu, Marju Avald, Eddy Tulko, Maile Veelaid ja Veronika Pinka

  2. Rain Simmul sai mehise näitleja auhinna / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Bakuu rahvusvaheline filmilmifestival "Ida-Lääs", kus Rain Simmul sai oma rolli eest Arvo Iho filmis "Karu süda" diplomi. Näidati ka Peeter Simmi mängufilmi "Head käed" ja Andres Maimiku - Jaak Kilmi tõsielufilmi "Isamaa ilu". "Karu süda" on saanud ka Jack Londoni nimelise parima stsenaariumiga filmi auhinna California filmifestivalil Wine Country

  3. Ärimees Armin Karult raha nõudnud "rullnokad" toimetasid politsei nina all / Rasmus Kagge, Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 17. jaan. 2008, lk. 2-3. Raplamaa noorukeid Ardot ja Viljarit kahtlustatakse kasiinoärimehe Armin Karu tütre Inese pantvangi võtmise kava sepistamises, nad lootsid Olympic Casino keti suuromanikult saada 235 miljonit krooni lunaraha. Politsei tööst kuriteo avastamisel ja nurjamisel. Lisa: Inimröövid. Vt. samas: Armin Karu: kahju, et selliseid tegelasi leidub. Ilmunud ka: samal teemal:Risto Berendsoni art. 18. jaan. Postimees lk. 6; 19. jaan. Postimees ja Postimees : na russkom jazõke lk. 5 ja lk. 3

  4. Església i poder comtal al territori d’Urgell. Guifré el Pilós i la reorganització de la Vall de Lord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riu, Manuel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows how was "La Vall de Lord" organized in four castles, their respective territories and ten rural parish churches and also their evolution during the ninth and tenth centuries. It explains the exemption land taxes in the southern part of the Urgell's county and bishopric, and the relievant role of Guifred "el Pilos" count and Seu bishops in that establishment. Two bénédictine monasteries, Sant Llorenç de Morunys and Sant Pere de Graudescales, had an important development in the "Vail de Lord". At the first time, both were regular priests'canonicals.[fr] Dans cet article, on présente l'organisation de la Vallée de Lord en quatre chatellenies et dix paroisses, et leur évolution pendant les IXème et Xème siècles, en indiquant le statut de zone franche dans la limite méridionale du comté et évêché d'Urgell, et le rôle notoire du comte Guifred "el Pilos" et des prélats de La Seu. Dans la vallée prirent leur essor également deux monastères bénédictins, celui de Sant Llorenç de Morunys et celui de Sant Pere de Graudescales, qui furent initialement des chapitres de clercs réguliers.

  5. Causas de óbito e razões para eutanásia em uma população hospitalar de cães e gatos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Manduca Trapp

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available To determine the main causes of death in a population of dogs and cats from a University Veterinary Hospital, data from clinical records obtained from July, 2005 to July, 2009 were analyzed. During that period, 2,243 animals were taken to the hospital, 2,075 dogs and 168 cats. The percentage of death was 10.6% (220/2.075 in dogs, and 8.92% (15/168 in cats. The median age at death was 59.97 months for dogs and 82.79 months for cats. The main causes of death and reasons for euthanasia in dogs were infectious or parasitic diseases, diseases caused by physical agents and neoplasia. Except by their age, all other characteristics described did not have an effect on life expectancy or death causes in dogs. In cats, physical agents and urinary diseases were the main cause of mortality. The results observed in this work identify the need for prophylactic measures that will enable a better life expectancy, and consequently, change the frequency of the main causes of death and reasons for euthanasia in dogs and cats.

  6. Determining significance in social impact assessments (SIA) by applying both technical and participatory approaches: Methodology development and application in a case study of the concentrated solar power plant NOORO I in Morocco

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terrapon-Pfaff, Julia; Fink, Thomas; Viebahn, Peter; Jamea, El Mostafa

    2017-01-01

    One of the main objectives of impact assessments is to identify potentially significant impacts. However, determining this significance has received very limited attention as a procedural step in social impact assessments. Consequently, only limited research and documentation exists on approaches, survey tools and evaluation methods, especially with regard to participatory approaches and combined participatory-technical approaches. This study aims to address this research gap by developing and applying a joined participatory and technical impact significance evaluation. The approach is applied in a case study which analysed the livelihood impacts of the large-scale concentrated solar power plant NOOR O I in Ouarzazate, Morocco. The analysis shows that although different approaches and significance criteria must be applied when involving both local stakeholders and experts, the linked analysis offers more robust results and an improved basis for decision-making. Furthermore, it was observed in the case study that impacts affecting the social, cultural and political spheres were more often considered significant than impacts affecting the physical and material livelihood dimensions. Regarding sustainability assessments of large-scale renewable energy plants, these findings underline the importance (as for other large-scale infrastructure developments) of placing greater emphasis on the inclusion of social aspects in impact assessments. - Highlights: •Significance evaluation in social impact assessments lacks participatory aspects. •Combined participatory and technical impact significance evaluation developed •Application in a case study to analyse the livelihood impacts of a CSP plant •Involvement of local stakeholders and technical experts results in robust findings. •Social, cultural and political issues are often more relevant than material aspects.

  7. Cooperação monetária e financeira: o que é bom para a Ásia também é para a América Latina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Baumann

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Monetary and financial cooperation: what is good to Asian is also good to Latin America?. This article compares the Asian and Latin American experiences with monetary cooperation. It is argued that in the latter such cooperation has hardly progressed, due to low degree of regional integration, the recurrent use of multilateral institutional resources to deal with external shocks and the lack of clear objectives: monetary cooperation is some times seen as a means to foster integration, but also as a means to provide long term funds and as a source of liquidity in foreign currencies. In Asia, differently, cooperation has apparently not been so instrumental to regional integration, but has proven to be quite important as a means to build a regional capital market as well as a mechanism to deal with external shocks.

  8. Exportações e inovação: uma análise para América Latina e Sul-Sudeste da Ásia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo José Braga Nonnenberg

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of Latin America and South-Southeast Asia countries over the past three decades with respect to technological intensity of their exports. The main contribution of this paper is to construct an indicator of technological intensity to allow adequate measurement of the degree of knowledge content of exports from both regions. This indicator was calculated for all sample countries for the period 1983-2008, based on data from Comtrade/WITS and clearly show how Asian countries have a technological intensity of their exports much higher than the Latin American countries.

  9. Hotell Hilton Tallinn Park / Kersti Pikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikk, Kersti

    2016-01-01

    Äriklassihotellide ketti Hilton kuuluv hotell Tallinnas. Arhitektuurse lahenduse autor Meelis Press. Interjööri kujundasid Soome büroo dSign Vertti Kivi & Co ja Allianss Arhitektid. Hotelli tube ja üldalasid kaunistavad Katrin Karu ja Maria Simsoni maalid

  10. José Bernardo : kas nahakunst on olemas? / Maarja Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Maarja

    1998-01-01

    Augustis Eestis viibinud mehhiko nahakunstnikust José Maria Bernardo Sappiast, tema loomingust. Nahakunstist maailmas. Eesti nahakunstnike rahvusvahelisse naha-ellu lülitumise võimalustest. Nahaeriala entusiastidest maailmas: portugaallasest Franklin Pereirast, kes alustas ajakirja "The Leather Times" väljaandmist ja Hamburgis tegutsevast Rene Berendsist, Karu galerii omanikust, kes andis välja kataloogi "Leder Gilde"

  11. Simmul sai Anapas auhinna / Ilona Martson, Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas sai parima meesnäitleja preemia Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda". Videoprogrammi grand prix sai Mikk Ranna animafilm "Sääsk ja hobune", samas märgiti ära ka Mark Soosaare "La Paloma"

  12. Pistise andmine mainet eriti ei kahjusta / Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Günter, Aleksei, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Sotsiaalministeeriumi IT-juhile Henry Timmermanile pistist ja altkäemaksu andnud seitse IT-ärimeest pääsesid kriminaalmenetlusest, kuna nad tunnistasid oma seadusvastaseid tegusid ning aitasid kaasa tehingute detailide päevavalgele toomisele. Lisad: Erik Tambaur; Tarvi Tara; Sten Soosaar; Janek Karu; Toomas Perillus; Karel Kannel; Andreas Simsel

  13. Tallinna loomaaed näitas eile pegasust / Aivi Lindsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindsalu, Aivi

    2004-01-01

    IV Läänemeremaade animalistliku skulptuuri festivali võitjad. Osavõtjate ja nende tööde loetelu. Võidutöö oli Vitali Novikovi karu, II koha sai Aleksander Litvinov kotkaga ning kolmandat kohta jagasid Margarita Kamardina kameeleoniga ja Rafael Danieljants jaaguariga

  14. Kultuuriakadeemias lavastub ökomuusikal / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus

    2006-01-01

    Viljandi kultuuriakadeemia mustas saalis etendub second-hand-muusikal "Pinipulst, kassiraisk ja latsõtükk", mis on Kadri Karu butafoori-dekoraatori eriala lõputöö. Lavastus toetub täies mahus second-hand-filosoofiale ning teostuslikust seisukohast propageerib ökobutafooriat

  15. Eneseotsingud Nikolai Baturini taigaromaanides / Monica-Linde Klemet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klemet, Monica-Linde

    2009-01-01

    Nikolai Baturini kolme esimest romaani "Kuningaonni kuningas" (1973), "Leiud kajast" (1977) ja "Karu süda" (1989) ühendab sama keskkond: Siberi põlislaan, taiga. Autori bakalaureusetööl põhinev artikkel vaatleb kolmes romaanis ilmnevaid motiive ning jõuab järeldusele, et kõikide romaanide ühiseks teemaks on kangelase eneseotsingud

  16. Lammasinimene, liblikmees ja karunaine : maagilisest realismist eesti kirjanduse näitel / Andrus Org

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Org, Andrus

    2007-01-01

    Maagilisest realismist kolme eesti romaani põhjal: Karl Rumori "Krutsifiks" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1989), Mehis Heinsaare "Härra Pauli kroonikad" (Tallinn : Perioodika, 2001), Nikolai Baturini triloogia "Karu süda" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1989), "Kartlik Nikas, lõvilakkade kammija" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1993), "Kentaur" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2003)

  17. Vault, Arch and the Pomegranate Tree / Eva Laantee Reintamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laantee Reintamm, Eva

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Aedvilja ja Karu tänava nurgal asuvast uuest sünagoogist, projekteerija KOKO Arhitektid. 1883. aastal avati Maakri tänaval Nikolai Thamme projekteeritud Eesti esimene sünagoog (hävitati 1944). Juudi kogukonna ajaloost

  18. Eesti filmitegijad osalesid Põhjamaade filmifestivalil / Maris Lillak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lillak, Maris, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Newcastle-Upon-Tyne'is lõppes ligi 2 nädalat kestnud Põhjamaade filmifestival Nordic Lights, kus kesksel kohal näidati Tyne'i ja Tallinna vahelise lühifilmivõistluse tulemusi. Põhiprogrammis olid ka Arvo Iho "Karu süda" ja Ilkka Järvi-Laturi "Tallinn pimeduses". Oli ka ülevaatlik programm Eesti animatsioonist

  19. Eesti kasiinofirma sattus Leedus skandaali keskele / Toomas Sildam, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Leedu julgeolekuamet konfiskeeris ajalehe Laisvas Laikrastise kogu 8.septembri tiraazhi, väidetavalt kirjutati ajalehes julgeolekuameti poolt pealtkuulatud telefonikõnedest, millest ühes olevat Eesti suurärimees, Olympic Casino omanik Armin Karu nõudnud oma Vilniuse esindajatelt kokkusaamist temalt raha saanud Leedu sotsiaaldemokraatliku partei liidri Arturas Paulauskasega

  20. Monitoring SMI kak sredstvo borbõ za rõnok / Triin Raetnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raetnik, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Firmad tellivad ajakirjanduse monitooringuid, et jälgida ajakirjanduse hoiakut ettevõtte suhtes - ajakirjandus võib avaldada suurt mõju ettevõttest pildi loomisel. Samuti on monitooringud hea infoallikas konkurentide tegevusega kohta. Kommenteerib Sigrid Karu-Holloway

  1. "Head käed" pääses Berliini filmifestivalile / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2002-01-01

    Peeter Simmi mängufilmi näidatakse järgmisel Berliini filmifestivalil Panorama programmis. Teine eesti mängufilm - Arvo Iho "Karu süda" linastub vaid festivali filmiturul. Ühelgi rahvusvahelisel festivalil film siiani pole osalenud

  2. Millest nad kirjutavad ehk Näidendivõistluse tänavusügisene saak / Triin Sinissaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinissaar, Triin

    2003-01-01

    I preemia: Urmas Lennuk, "Boob teab"ja Jaan Undusk, "Quevedo"; II preemia: Anu Allas, "Lendav rõdu ehk Nagu nad tahtsid" ja Raivo Kütt, "Papa" ("Sõtse ja venna"); III preemia Jakob Karu, "Asjade seis" ja Hans Nordberg, "aaron : juuni"; ergutuspreemia: Urmas Lennuk, "Kadunud kindapood", Urmas Vadi, "Kadunud kosmoses" ja Jaan Võõramaa, "Mamma"

  3. Selgusid näidendivõistluse võitjad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    I preemia: Urmas Lennuk "Boob teab"ja Jaan Undusk "Quevedo"; II preemia: Anu Allas "Lendav rõdu ehk Nagu nad tahtsid" ja Raivo Kütt "Papa (Sõtse ja venna)"; III preemia Jakob Karu "Asjade seis" ja Hans Nordberg "aaron : juuni"; ergutuspreemia: Urmas Lennuk "Kadunud kindapood", Urmas Vadi "Kadunud kosmoses" ja Jaan Võõramaa "Mamma"

  4. Parimad näidendid 2003 Unduskilt ja Lennukilt / Neeme Korv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korv, Neeme, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    I preemia: Urmas Lennuk "Boob teab", Jaan Undusk "Quevedo"; II preemia: Anu Allas "Lendav rõdu ehk Nagu nad tahtsid", Raivo Kütt "Papa (Sõtse ja venna)"; III preemia Jakob Karu "Asjade seis", Hans Nordberg "aaron : juuni"; ergutuspreemia: Urmas Lennuk "Kadunud kindapood", Urmas Vadi "Kadunud kosmoses", Jaan Võõramaa "Mamma";

  5. Avatseremoonia = Grand Opening Ceremony : [fotod

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Karu tänaval avati 16. mail 2007 uus juudi sünagoog, avamistseremoonial viibisid ka presidendid Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Arnold Rüütel. Vt. ka foto lk. 36: Boris Oks is reciving medal from the President Mr. Ilves

  6. V mire skazotshnom, pravdivom / Ella Agranovskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Agranovskaja, Ella, 1950-

    2001-01-01

    Mängufilm "Karu süda" : stsenarist ja režissöör Arvo Iho : kaasstsenarist oma romaani põhjal Nikolai Baturin : kaasstsenarist Rustam Ibragimbekov : produtsent Mati Sepping : operaator Rein Kotov : muusika Peeter Vähi : Faama Film ja Cumulus Projekt koos Vene, Saksa ja Tšehhi stuudiodega, 2001

  7. MIFF 2002 / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2002-01-01

    Moskva 24. rahvusvahelise filmifestivali filme. Nikolai Baturini romaani "Karu süda" põhjal vändatud Arvo Iho filmi näitamisele järgnenud pressikonverentsist. Ka FIPRESCI auhinna saanud Aleksandr Rogozhkini filmist "Kägu". Lisatud laureaatide nimekiri

  8. В Таллинне открылась новая синагога / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Karu tänaval avati 16. mail 2007 uus juudi sünagoog, avamistseremoonial viibisid Iisraeli asepeaminister Shimon Peres, Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, peaminister Andrus Ansip, Venemaa pearabi Berl Lazar, Iisraeli pearabi Yona Metzger ja sünagoogi suurrahastaja Aleksander Bronštein. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves viitas oma kõnes paralleelidele eestlaste ja juutide ajaloos

  9. Mahukate maksuskeemide uurimine jõuab lõpule / Silva Männik, Inno Tähismaa, Heidit Kaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Silva, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 13. august lk.6. Maksuameti peadirektori Aivar Sõerdi tagandamise võis põhjustada tuntud ärimeeste hirm offshore-tehingute avalikustamise ees. Nimekiri: Diveciga seotud seni teada olevad ärimehed; nn. Karu kontori kliente. Kommentaar Silva Männikult: Sõerd - offshore'e kasutava sõpruskonna ühine mure

  10. The new synagogue has given the Jewish community something to sing and dance about / Rein Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sikk, Rein, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Karu tänaval avati 16. mail 2007 uus juudi sünagoog, avamistseremoonial viibisid Iisraeli asepeaminister Shimon Peres, Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, peaminister Andrus Ansip, Venemaa pearabi Berl Lazar, Iisraeli pearabi Yona Metzger ja sünagoogi suurrahastaja Aleksander Bronštein. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves viitas oma kõnes paralleelidele eestlaste ja juutide ajaloos

  11. Format zhurnalnogo lista

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vene Kunstnike Ühenduse korraldatud näitusest Vene Draamateatri galeriis: osaleb 24 kunstnikku 2-3 tööga omal valikul. Ühenduse tuumikuna mainitakse kunstnikke Valeri Laur, Slava Semerikov, Anatoli Strahhov, Vladimir Baciu, Vera ja Vladislav Stanishevskid, uustulnukana - eesti keraamikut Kersti Karu. Sveta Aleksejeva on illustreerinud ühe viiest 2002.aasta kaunimast lasteraamatust

  12. Vanade pangahoonete kohandamine keskpanga tööks / Märt Karmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karmo, Märt

    2004-01-01

    Panga peahoonest (Estonia pst. 13), endisest Vene Riigipanga hoonest (Estonia pst. 13) ja teenistujate elamust (Sakala 6), endisest Aadlipanga hoonest (Estonia pst. 11), endisest maakrediidiseltsi elamust-büroohoonest (Sakala 4), õppe- ja juhtimiskeskusest Kuressaares. Uue pangamaja projektidest (Jüri Karu, Eesti Tööstusprojekt, 1992; AB Rein Murula), sularahaveo turvahoonest (EKE Ehitus ja Hans Tombach, 1993)

  13. Majandus laastab kasiinoärimeeste pöörast varandust / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Kasiinoärimees Armin Karu varandus on majanduse jahtumise tõttu vähenenud viie miljardi krooni võrra. Ameerika Ühendriikides on majanduskasv aeglustunud, Las Vegases on langenud mängimisest saadav tulu. Olukorrast Eesti kasiinoäris. Lisa: Kasiinoäri ja majanduse seosed. Diagramm: Eesti kasiinoturg 2007

  14. Prevalence of geohelminth in soil and primary school children in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study of geohelminthes infections among primary school children aged 8 to 13 years was conducted in four selected primary schools in Panda Development Area, Karu LGA, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Out of four hundred and eighty (480) soil samples collected from the four schools, 314 (82.63) were found to be positive ...

  15. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bello, M. Vol 41, No 1 (2010) - Articles Socio-economic Factors Influencing the Adoption of Striga Hermonthica Tolerant Maize Varieties Among Farmers in Panda Development Area of Karu Local Government Area, Nasarawa State Abstract. ISSN: 0300-368X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  16. Attività commerciali e sicurezza: alcuni nodi da affrontare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sette Raffaella

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La problematica della sicurezza delle categorie produttive è ampia e complessa ed è strettamente collegata al rispetto sia dell’integrità fisica di chi vi lavora, sia del patrimonio d’impresa.

  17. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa; Karami, Ezatollah; Zamani, Gholam Hossein; Vanclay, Frank

    2009-01-01

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  18. Epidemiology of small intestinal atresia in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Best, Kate E; Tennant, Peter W G; Addor, Marie-Claude

    2012-01-01

    The epidemiology of congenital small intestinal atresia (SIA) has not been well studied. This study describes the presence of additional anomalies, pregnancy outcomes, total prevalence and association with maternal age in SIA cases in Europe....

  19. Epidemiology of small intestinal atresia in Europe: a register-based study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Best, Kate E

    2012-09-01

    The epidemiology of congenital small intestinal atresia (SIA) has not been well studied. This study describes the presence of additional anomalies, pregnancy outcomes, total prevalence and association with maternal age in SIA cases in Europe.

  20. Approximations and Implementations of Nonlinear Filtering Schemes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    sias k an Ykar repctively the input and the output vectors. Asfold. First, there are intrinsic errors, due to explained in the previous section, the...e.g.[BV,P]). In the above example of a a-algebra, the distributive property SIA (S 2vS3) - (SIAS2)v(SIAS3) holds. A complete orthocomplemented...process can be approximated by a switched Control Systems: Stochastic Stability and parameter process depending on the aggregated slow Dynamic Relaibility

  1. Sviluppo di metodi analitici per determinazioni affidabili in campo ambientale ed alimentare

    OpenAIRE

    Notardonato, Ivan

    2010-01-01

    La presenza di sostanze tossiche nei prodotti alimentari è stato da sempre un problema di grande rilevanza e influenza sociale sia per la natura sia per l’uomo. Nel corso degli anni sono state studiate e caratterizzate diverse sostanze presenti nell’ambiente, molte catalogate come tossiche, derivanti sia da fonti naturali sia da fonti industriali. Alcune di queste sostanze sono state ritenute particolarmente pericolose e quindi è nata l’esigenza di monitorarle e/o di cercare di limitarne il ...

  2. Astrofisica delle alte energie

    CERN Document Server

    Vietri, Mario

    2006-01-01

    L'insegnamento dell'astrofisica moderna richiede conoscenze di base di svariate discipline, oltre ad alcuni modelli fondamentali. Lo scopo di questo libro è di presentare sia le une che gli altri in maniera possibilmente esaustiva, e di essere dunque utilizzabile sia come prima introduzione alle problematiche astrofisiche, sia come testo di riferimento ulteriore per giovani studiosi.

  3. The effects of one-dimensional migration of self-interstitial clusters on the formation of void lattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heinisch, H.L.; Singh, B.N.

    2002-01-01

    under pure 3-D SIA migration, but they are extremely stable, relative to random arrays of voids, under 1-D SIA migration. Void lattices remain stable even under the condition of fairly frequent changes in the Burgers vectors of the 1-D migrating SIA clusters. Clusters with average 1-D path segments...

  4. The potential application of social impact assessment in integrated coastal zone management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanclay, Frank

    2012-01-01

    Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) would be significantly enhanced if there was greater connection to the field of social impact assessment (SIA). SIA is the process of managing the social issues of planned interventions (projects, policies, plans, and programs). SIA can also be used to

  5. Estonski kadr pod juzhnõm nebom / Nikolai Hrustaljov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hrustaljov, Nikolai

    2002-01-01

    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas sai parima meesnäitleja preemia Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda", žürii märkis ära Mark Soosaare 8-minutilise "La Paloma", "Avatud videoööde" peapreemia sai Mikk Ranna "Sääsk ja hobune". Festivali parimaks filmiks kuulutati Igor Minajevi "Kuumaastikud" ("Lunnõje poljanõ")

  6. Berlinale lõpusirgel / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestivalist, mis algas sakslase Tom Tykweri sisuka mängufilmiga "Taevas". Festivali uue direktori Dieter Kosslicki uuenduseks on saksa filmi endisest tunduvalt suurem osakaal. Eile linastus ametlikult festivali Panorama programmis Peeter Simmi "Head käed". Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul, kus Arvo Iho "Karu süda" äratas tähelepanu ja valiti Moskva festivali võistlusprogrammi

  7. Kõik teed viivad Rooma ehk kolm võimalust efektiivsuse tõstmiseks / Meredith Belbin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belbin, Meredith

    2008-01-01

    Autor selgitab, kuidas luua efektiivselt toimivat meeskonda, kus töörollid oleksid tasakaalus ning toimuks efektiivne ja kiire tegutsemine. Joonised: Töörollid ja nende sisu; Töörollide värvikaart; Ässa mudel; Organisatsioon nagu lihavõttemuna. Vt. ka Sander Karu. Boonus - enne kokkulepitud eesmärk ja siis tasu lk. 30-31; Eva Palu. Pigista oma ärist maksimum välja lk. 32-34

  8. Mechanisms for decoration of dislocations by small dislocation loops under cascade damage conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trinkaus, H.; Singh, B.N.; Foreman, A.J.E.

    1997-01-01

    . This effect may arise as a result of either (a) migration and enhanced agglomeration of single SIAs in the form of loops in the strain field of the dislocation or (b) glide and trapping of SIA loops (produced directly in the cascades) in the strain field of the dislocation, In the present paper, both...... of these possibilities are examined. It is shown that the strain field of the dislocation causes a SIA depletion in the compressive as well as in the dilatational region resulting in a reduced rather than enhanced agglomeration of SIAs. (SIA depletion may, however, induce enhanced vacancy agglomeration near dislocations...

  9. Roles of social impact assessment practitioners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wong, Cecilia H.M.; Ho, Wing-chung

    2015-01-01

    The effectiveness of social impact assessment (SIA) hinges largely on the capabilities and ethics of the practitioners, yet few studies have dedicated to discuss the expectations for these professionals. Recognising this knowledge gap, we employed the systemic review approach to construct a framework of roles of SIA practitioners from literature. Our conceptual framework encompasses eleven roles, namely project manager of SIA, practitioner of SIA methodologies, social researcher, social strategy developer, social impact management consultant, community developer, visionary, public involvement specialist, coordinator, SIA researcher, and educator. Although these roles have been stratified into three overarching categories, the project, community and SIA development, they are indeed interrelated and should be examined together. The significance of this study is threefold. First, it pioneers the study of the roles of SIA practitioners in a focused and systematic manner. Second, it informs practitioners of the expectations of them thereby fostering professionalism. Third, it prepares the public for SIAs by elucidating the functions and values of the assessment. - Highlights: • We adopt systematic review to construct a framework of roles of social impact assessment (SIA) practitioners from literature. • We use three overarching categorises to stratify the eleven roles we proposed. • This work is a novel attempt to study the work as a SIA practitioner and build a foundation for further exploration. • The framework informs practitioners of the expectations on them thus reinforcing professionalism. • The framework also prepares the public for SIAs by elucidating the functions and values of the assessment

  10. Roles of social impact assessment practitioners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, Cecilia H.M., E-mail: ceciliawonghm@gmail.com; Ho, Wing-chung, E-mail: wingcho@cityu.edu.hk

    2015-01-15

    The effectiveness of social impact assessment (SIA) hinges largely on the capabilities and ethics of the practitioners, yet few studies have dedicated to discuss the expectations for these professionals. Recognising this knowledge gap, we employed the systemic review approach to construct a framework of roles of SIA practitioners from literature. Our conceptual framework encompasses eleven roles, namely project manager of SIA, practitioner of SIA methodologies, social researcher, social strategy developer, social impact management consultant, community developer, visionary, public involvement specialist, coordinator, SIA researcher, and educator. Although these roles have been stratified into three overarching categories, the project, community and SIA development, they are indeed interrelated and should be examined together. The significance of this study is threefold. First, it pioneers the study of the roles of SIA practitioners in a focused and systematic manner. Second, it informs practitioners of the expectations of them thereby fostering professionalism. Third, it prepares the public for SIAs by elucidating the functions and values of the assessment. - Highlights: • We adopt systematic review to construct a framework of roles of social impact assessment (SIA) practitioners from literature. • We use three overarching categorises to stratify the eleven roles we proposed. • This work is a novel attempt to study the work as a SIA practitioner and build a foundation for further exploration. • The framework informs practitioners of the expectations on them thus reinforcing professionalism. • The framework also prepares the public for SIAs by elucidating the functions and values of the assessment.

  11. Germinação de sementes e crescimento de plântulas de brassica chinensis L. var. parachinensis (bailey sinskaja (couve-da-malásia Seed germination and seedling growth of brassica chinensis L. var. parachinensis (bailey sinskaja (flowering white cabbage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa Resende Ferreira

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Brassica chinensis var. parachinensis, introduzida no Brasil em 1992, apresenta alto teor de vitamina A e ciclo curto. As sementes foram submetidas a 24 tratamentos em laboratório e 12 em campo, com o objetivo de avaliar o padrão de germinação e o crescimento das plântulas. Em laboratório, as sementes foram indiferentes à luz e mostraram baixa sensibilidade à ação escarificante do hipoclorito de sódio. Ácido giberélico, KNO3, escarificação e estratificação não modificaram sua germinabilidade (96-100% nem o tempo médio de germinação (1-1,28 dias em relação ao controle. Em condições de campo os maiores valores de emergência (89,2-96,4% e os maiores índices de velocidade de emergência (14,2-17,4 ocorreram em solo com adubação mineral, entre 0,5 e 1,5 cm de profundidade. Os menores tempos médios de emergência foram registrados entre 0,5 e 1,5 cm de profundidade (2,90-3,97 dias, com os três adubos testados (mineral, esterco de gado e de galinha. As plântulas se mostraram sensíveis ao hipoclorito de sódio, com redução significativa do hipocótilo e da raiz primária. A estratificação das sementes por 24 horas estimulou o crescimento da raiz primária, o que beneficia o estabelecimento da plântula no solo.Brassica chinensis var. parachinensis was introduced in Brazil in 1992. This variety presents a high content of vitamin A and a short life cycle. Seeds were submitted to 24 treatments in laboratory conditions and 12 treatments in field conditions with the objective of evaluating the germination pattern and seedling growth. In laboratory conditions, seed germination was light independent and the germinability was reduced in 12% by the action of sodium hypochlorite scarification. Gibberellic acid, KNO3, mechanical scarification and stratification did not modify the germinability of the seeds (96-100% neither the average time of germination (1-1.28 days in relation to the control treatment. In field conditions the highest values of emergence (89.2-96.4% and the highest rates of emergence velocity (14.2-17.4 occurred in soil with mineral fertilization, between 0.5 and 1.5 cm depth. Shorter average times of emergence were registered from 0.5 to 1.5 cm depth (2.90-3.97 days, for the three fertilizers tested (mineral fertilization, cattle manure, and chicken manure. Seedlings were sensitive to sodium hypochlorite with significant reduction of hypocotyl and primary root. Stratification of seeds by 24 hours stimulated growth of primary roots improving the establishment of seedling in the soil.

  12. Efeito do fornecimento de ração complementada com semente de linhaça sobre os macronutrientes e colesterol em tecidos de camarões da Malásia (Macrobrachium rosenbergii Effect of Supplying Food Complemented with Linseed on the Chemical Composition of Malaysian Shrimp (Macrobrachium rosenbergii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Lindenberg dos Santos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a composição centesimal dos camarões alimentados com dieta complementada com semente de linhaça. Foram utilizados 800 camarões pós-larvas, divididos em 2 tratamentos: 1 grupo teste à base de caseína complementada com linhaça; e 2 grupo caseína. Os valores médios de umidade (79,8 ± 0,82; 78,9 ± 1,68, cinzas (0,62 ± 0,07; 0,68 ± 0,2, carboidratos (2,63 ± 0,13; 1,58 ± 0,7 e proteínas (15,6 ± 1,02; 16,0 ± 0,58 dos grupos controle e teste, respectivamente, não apresentaram diferença significativa ao final do experimento. Entretanto, a concentração de lipídio total sofreu uma redução significativa (p The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition of shrimp fed with a diet complemented with linseed. 800 post larvae shrimp were divided into two types of treatment: 1 a test group based on casein complemented with linseed, and 2 a casein group. At the end of the experiment, the two treatments showed no significant differences in the mean values of humidity (79.8 ± 0.82; 78.9 ± 1.68, ashes (0.62 ± 0.07; 0.68 ± 0.2, carbohydrates (2.63 ± 0.13; 1.58 ± 0.7 and proteins (15.6 ± 1.02; 16.0 ± 0.58. However, the concentration of total lipids in both groups declined significantly during this study. This decline was more marked in the control group (74%. At the end of the experiment, the lipid content was higher (p < 0.05 in the test group (1.87 ± 0.03 than in the control group (1.12 ± 0.021. However, the cholesterol content in the test group (0.115 ± 0.004 was lower than in the control group (0.1306 ± 0.001, albeit without a statistically significant difference. It was concluded that the addition of linseed to the food seems to increase the shrimps' lipids, which suggests that this increase does not imply heightened cholesterol levels. It is also possible that the increase in lipids is due to the incorporation of a large proportion polyunsaturated fatty acids.

  13. Medição do aporte atmosférico dos elementos-traço nos municípios de Campinas e Paulínia com auxílio da espécie vegetal Tillanásia usneoides (L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme Gonçalves Pereira da Silva Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: A bromélia epífita Tillandsia usneoides (L.) foi utilizada para realizar um biomonitoramento atmosférico em sete locais ao longo de uma transecta que passa pelos municípios de Campinas e Paulínia. Os pontos escolhidos situam-se próximos a rodovias, indústrias e avenidas, assim como em locais mais afastados de atividades antrópicas. Amostras da planta foram introduzidas por aproximadamente dois meses em cada um locais durante cinco intervalos sequenciais, entre abril de 2009 e março de...

  14. Starptautiskā uzņēmuma "Adidas Group" pārstāvniecības "Adidas Baltic SIA" izmantotie mārketinga komunikāciju veidi sporta apavu "Adidas Energy Boost" virzīšanai tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Štubis, Guntis

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā tiek analizēts starptautiska uzņēmuma „Adidas group” pārstāvniecības Latvijā „Adidas Baltic SIA” izmantotās mārketinga komunikācijas .Par praktisku piemēru autors izvēlējās sporta apavus „Adidas Energy Boost” virzīšanu tirgū. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorētiskām atziņām un aptaujas rezultātiem , izpētīt uzņēmuma „adidas Baltics SIA” virzītā produkta „Adidas Energy Boost” mārketinga komunikāciju efektivitāti Latvijas tirgū, atklāt to nepilnības un sniegt p...

  15. Exportações e inovação: uma análise para América Latina e Sul-Sudeste da Ásia Exports and innovation: an analysis for Latin America and South-Southeast Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo José Braga Nonnenberg

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of Latin America and South-Southeast Asia countries over the past three decades with respect to technological intensity of their exports. The main contribution of this paper is to construct an indicator of technological intensity to allow adequate measurement of the degree of knowledge content of exports from both regions. This indicator was calculated for all sample countries for the period 1983-2008, based on data from Comtrade/WITS and clearly show how Asian countries have a technological intensity of their exports much higher than the Latin American countries.

  16. L'auptòsia psicològica en l'homicidi d'autor desconegut (el vincle víctima-victimari: la rellevància del perfil victimològic per confeccionar el perfil criminal de l'homicida desconegut)

    OpenAIRE

    Moré Rodríguez, Rubén

    2017-01-01

    Històricament, la majoria de la recerca en la investigació criminal s'ha focalitzat en el victimari i l'iter criminis en detriment de l'estudi de la víctima i l'iter victimae. No obstant, atenent a l'auge de la victimologia forense, la Psicologia Criminal en l'àmbit del perfil criminològic ha pres més atenció al perfil victimològic, el qual constitueix l'estudi exhaustiu en termes retrospectius de tota la informació disponible de la víctima, en aquest cas no supervivent i d'homicidi d'autor d...

  17. Transport, dissociation and rotation of small self-interstitial atom clusters in tungsten

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou, W.H.; Zhang, C.G.; Li, Y.G.; Zeng, Z.

    2014-01-01

    Numerical calculations have been performed to study the thermal motion of self-interstitial atom (SIA) clusters in tungsten (W). Molecular dynamics simulations show that SIA clusters exhibit a fast one-dimensional (1D) motion along the close packed 〈1 1 1〉 direction accompanied by a significant mass transport in this direction. A low frequency vibration mode is identified and considered to assist the motion of SIAs. The migration energy of SIA clusters are weakly dependent on their size in the average value of 0.019 eV, which is due to the strong interaction between SIAs revealed by calculating the potential energy curve of artificially moving the SIAs along 〈1 1 1〉 direction as well as nudged elastic band (NEB) method. The rotation process of SIA cluster is studied by activation–relaxation technique and the results show that SIA cluster presents complex rotation process. Our results on the motion SIA cluster may provide updated understanding on the performance decay of materials related to SIA defects

  18. BOOK REVIEWS / RECENSIONI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    armi da fuoco, Campanella risponde: “È la poesia l'arma che colpisce a distanza” e questa, lui dice d'aver perfezionato come Dante. Dopo il convegno del 1990 su “Poesia e Filosofia”, il romanziere ha messo in rilievo la titanica figura del suo corregionale sia come filosofo, sia come teorico in “Poetica”, sia come autore di ...

  19. Il fuoco della fusione termonucleare controllata

    CERN Document Server

    Caldirola, Piero; Sindoni, Elio

    1984-01-01

    Per realizzare la fusione termonucleare controllata, cioè catturare e dominare il fuoco che accende gli astri, e ottenere così una nuova fonte di energia praticamente illimitata e a basso costo, si richiede uno sforzo collettivo e unitario globale: non esiste infatti nazione al mondo che sia in grado, singolarmente presa, di affrontare il problema, sia per le risorse finanziarie necessarie all'impresa sia per il numero dei ricercatori che dovranno dedicarvisi.

  20. The Dutch Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility

    OpenAIRE

    de Beurs, Edwin; Tielen, Deirdre; Wollmann, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS) and the social phobia scale (SPS) assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subsc...

  1. How social impact assessment can contribute to conflict management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prenzel, Paula V., E-mail: p.v.prenzel@student.rug.nl; Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: frank.vanclay@rug.nl

    2014-02-15

    The potential for conflict is omnipresent in all projects, and even in all human interactions, and conflict itself leads to many second-order social impacts. This article examines the contribution of the methodological approach used in social impact assessment (SIA) to conflict management. We view conflict as a process that has its own dynamic, and is to be expected in all situations. By using game theory (prisoner's dilemma), we describe and conceptualize this process and highlight the importance of communication in managing conflict. We demonstrate the potential use of SIA in preventing, managing and resolving conflict. Emphasis is placed on the participatory character of SIA and the role of public media. In contrast to existing literature, our focus is not restricted to the typical fields of study of SIA (e.g. environmental conflicts), but understands conflict itself as a field of application. In this sense, conflict-sensitive SIA can be understood both as an extension to the SIA tool kit and a broadening of the scope of SIA application. -- Highlights: • Conflict is omnipresent and creates both positive and negative social impacts. • Conflict itself represents a possible field of application for SIA. • Conflict escalation is a process that can be modeled in a game-theoretic framework. • There needs to be concerted effort to prevent escalation to avoid harmful outcomes. • Conflict-sensitive SIA can support conflict management and sustainable resolution.

  2. Controlling measles using supplemental immunization activities: a mathematical model to inform optimal policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verguet, Stéphane; Johri, Mira; Morris, Shaun K; Gauvreau, Cindy L; Jha, Prabhat; Jit, Mark

    2015-03-03

    The Measles & Rubella Initiative, a broad consortium of global health agencies, has provided support to measles-burdened countries, focusing on sustaining high coverage of routine immunization of children and supplementing it with a second dose opportunity for measles vaccine through supplemental immunization activities (SIAs). We estimate optimal scheduling of SIAs in countries with the highest measles burden. We develop an age-stratified dynamic compartmental model of measles transmission. We explore the frequency of SIAs in order to achieve measles control in selected countries and two Indian states with high measles burden. Specifically, we compute the maximum allowable time period between two consecutive SIAs to achieve measles control. Our analysis indicates that a single SIA will not control measles transmission in any of the countries with high measles burden. However, regular SIAs at high coverage levels are a viable strategy to prevent measles outbreaks. The periodicity of SIAs differs between countries and even within a single country, and is determined by population demographics and existing routine immunization coverage. Our analysis can guide country policymakers deciding on the optimal scheduling of SIA campaigns and the best combination of routine and SIA vaccination to control measles. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  3. How social impact assessment can contribute to conflict management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prenzel, Paula V.; Vanclay, Frank

    2014-01-01

    The potential for conflict is omnipresent in all projects, and even in all human interactions, and conflict itself leads to many second-order social impacts. This article examines the contribution of the methodological approach used in social impact assessment (SIA) to conflict management. We view conflict as a process that has its own dynamic, and is to be expected in all situations. By using game theory (prisoner's dilemma), we describe and conceptualize this process and highlight the importance of communication in managing conflict. We demonstrate the potential use of SIA in preventing, managing and resolving conflict. Emphasis is placed on the participatory character of SIA and the role of public media. In contrast to existing literature, our focus is not restricted to the typical fields of study of SIA (e.g. environmental conflicts), but understands conflict itself as a field of application. In this sense, conflict-sensitive SIA can be understood both as an extension to the SIA tool kit and a broadening of the scope of SIA application. -- Highlights: • Conflict is omnipresent and creates both positive and negative social impacts. • Conflict itself represents a possible field of application for SIA. • Conflict escalation is a process that can be modeled in a game-theoretic framework. • There needs to be concerted effort to prevent escalation to avoid harmful outcomes. • Conflict-sensitive SIA can support conflict management and sustainable resolution

  4. Chemical Synthesis and Evaluation of a Disialic Acid-Containing Dextran Polymer as an Inhibitor for the Interaction between Siglec 7 and Its Ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Sho; Yoshimura, Atsushi; Yasuda, Yu; Mori, Airi; Tanaka, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Takashi; Kitajima, Ken; Sato, Chihiro

    2017-07-04

    A new sialic acid (Sia)-containing glycopolymer-a fluorescent probe with high-density disialic acid (diSia) on the surface of polysaccharide dextran (diSia-Dex)-was synthesized as a key molecule to regulate the Sia recognition lectins, Siglecs, that are involved in the immune system. According to our original methods, diSia was synthesized by α-selective sialylation, and a dextran template possessing terminal acetylenes and amino groups was prepared. A diSia and a fluorescent molecule were subsequently introduced to surface-modified dextran by Hüisgen reaction and amidation, respectively. The modulatory activity of Siglec7 was evaluated by using synthetic probes. DiSia-Dex showed high binding avidity toward Siglec7, with a K D value of 5.87×10 -10  m, and a high inhibitory activity for the interaction between Siglec7 and a ligand (GD3), with a IC 50 value of 1.0 nm. Notably, diSia-Dex was able to release Siglec7 from the pre-existing Siglec7-GD3 complex, possibly due to its unique properties of a slow dissociation rate and a high association rate. Together, these data show that diSia-Dex can be widely applicable as a modulator of Siglec7 functions. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Vares ja kana : [valmid] / Ivan Krõlov ; tlk. Eduard Kansa, Mart Raud, Timotheos Kuusik, Johannes Semper, G. Õis, Arnold Tulik, Oskar Urgart, Jaan Kärner, Jakob Tamm, Erni Hiir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krõlov, Ivan, 1768(1769)-1844

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Vares ja Kana ; Moosekandid ; Vares ja Rebane ; Konn ja Härg ; Pirtsakas Näitsik ; Oraakel ; Rukkilill ; Tuli ja Metsatukk ; Hunt ja Talleke ; Pärdik ja Prillid ; Ahvid ; Tihane ; Eesel ; Kotkas ja Kanad ; Võimumees ja Mõttetark ; Koerte sõprus ; Kasujaotus ; Vaat ; Kvartett ; Teekäijad ja Koerad ; Hunt penilas ; Oja ; Rebane ja Mäger ; Rohutirts ja Sipelgas ; Luiskaja ; Kukk ja Pärlitera ; Jänes jahil ; Hunt ja Kägu ; Haug ja Kass ; Peremees ja Sulane ; Voor ; Elevant maavalitsejaks ; Eesel ja Ööbik ; Külamehe kimbatus ; Elevant ja Mops ; Hunt ja tema Kutsikas ; Kass ja Kokk ; Lõvi ja Sääsk ; Aednik ja Filosoof ; Haned ; Siga ; Vanamees ja kolm noorukit ; Kotkas ja Ämblik ; Lehed ja Juured ; Hunt ja Rebane ; Lohe ; Rästas ; Mehhaanik ; Trishka satter ; Tiik ja Jõgi ; Luik, Haug ja Vähk ; Erak ja Karu ; Mesilane ja Kärbsed ; Lõvi jahisaak ; Talupojad ja Jõgi ; Lilled ; Uudishimulik ; Kaastundlik Rebane ; Kogukonna koosolek ; Demjani kalasupp ; Tihane ja Tuvi ; Hiir ja Rott ; Peegel ja Ahv ; Sääsk ja Karjane ; Talupoeg ja Surm ; Hunt ja Karjased ; Lõvi ja Rebane ; Kamm ; Hunt ja Kurg ; Pilv ; Poiss ja Siug ; Maamees ja Siug ; Kägu ja Tuvike ; Kaks Vaati ; Töökas Karu ; Rebane ja Viinamarjad ; Karu võrgus ; Kirjamees ja Röövel ; Mölder ; Siga Tamme all ; Kärbes ja Mesilane ; Ämblik ja Mesilane ; Rebane ja Eesel ; Siug ja Talleke ; Ööbikud ; Peremes ja Lammas ; Kaks Külameest ; Kaks Koera ; Kass ja Ööbik ; Kalade tants ; Haug ; Habemenoad ; Hiired ; Hunt ja Kass ; Karjane ; Orav ; Damaskuse mõõk ; Koer ja Hobune ; Rebane ; Hundid ja Lambad ; Kägu ja Kukk

  6. IUTAM Symposium on Inelastic Deformation of Composite Materials Held in Troy, New York on 29 May - 1 June 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    T and A [An A] = A 21 A22J 271 AT a Tk2 (T 2 G k CTY karU k E AC’ TT k k 2a T Ai = _ I -+tan((2-ta-3) k kT Ty 6T uk__2COS(;j+0) T A12 k 3--- +- sin...kinematic deficiency in some inclusions. Applications of this model are made to predict the behavior and deformation texture evolution in initially...Constitutive equations accounting for kinematic deficiency in the crys- talline phase are given. The molecular alignment and the relative softness of the

  7. Simm jagas Anapas piitsa ja präänikut / Peeter Simm ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simm, Peeter, 1953-

    2002-01-01

    Žürii liige SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas, eesti režissöör P. Simm festivalist ja eesti filmi tasemest endiste nõukogude vabariikide tänaste tegijate kõrval. Parima meesnäitleja preemia sai Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda". Videoprogrammi grand prix sai Mikk Ranna animafilm "Sääsk ja hobune", samas märgiti ära ka Mark Soosaare "La Paloma"

  8. Vana hea nõukogude kvaliteet / Jaak Kilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kilmi, Jaak, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas programmi "Avatud videoööd" koostaja muleid ja hinnanguid festivalilt. Parima meesnäitleja preemia sai Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda", žürii märkis ära Mark Soosaare 8-minutilise "La Paloma", "Avatud videoööde" peapreemia sai Mikk Ranna "Sääsk ja hobune". Festivali parimaks filmiks kuulutati Igor Minajevi "Kuumaastikud" ("Lunnõje poljanõ"), mille peaosatäitja Alissa Bogart sai parima naisnäitleja preemia

  9. Puitu tahutud mõte : keskaegsed raepingid = Ideas Carved in Wood : Medieval Magistrates' Benches / Merike Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Merike

    2004-01-01

    Säilinud on ühe raepingi nikerdatud seljatugi ja käetugede otsalauad (14. saj. 2. pool), teise raepingi Simsoni võitlust lõviga ning Tristani ja Isolde armastuslugu kujutavad külgleenid (14. saj.), kolmanda pingi reljeefidega pingiküljed (Taaveti võitlus Koljatiga, karu ja lõvi ning Simson ja Delila, Aristoteles ja Phyllis) ja kaunistatud seljatugi (15. saj. algus) ning pingi juures olnud puuskulptuurid "Veronika rätt" (15. saj. keskpaik) ja Ristija Johannese pea (1460-ndad)

  10. ERKÜ valimiste tulemused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    8. aprilli koosolekul kinnitas valimiste peakomitee XIX Esinduskogu liikmed: Mati Kõiva, Ylo Anson, Juhan Simonson, Airi Vaga, Gilda M. Karu, Taavo Virkhaus, Marju Rink-Abel, Markus Vaga, Eric Suuberg, Endel Reinpõld, Jaak Juhansoo, Ülle Ederma, Lya Karm, Heino Jõgis, Kersti Linask, Jaak Rakfeldt, Erik Puskar, Jüri Linask, Viiu Vanderer, Andres Kurrik, Mati Valdek Laan, Ilmar Vanderer, Henno Uus, Jüri Tults, Urmas Wompa, Astrid Jaanson, Jüri Virkus, Lilian G. G. Bein, Tiina Harris, Tõnu Vanderer

  11. Kas usud seda? / Loore Ehrlich ; kommenteerinud Remo Savisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehrlich, Loore

    2013-01-01

    Müüdid: Talvituvad herilased kaitsevad pesa raevukalt; Karu tõuseb enne ründamist tagajalgadele; Kõik ämblikud on ohtlikult mürgised; Puuk kukutab end puude-põõsaste okstelt inimesele; Kõrvahark ronib kõrva ja sealt edasi ajju; Rästik jälitab inimest eesmärgiga rünnata; Nahkhiir on verdihkav vampiir; Ilves ründab inimest puuvõrast turja karates; Näljased hundid murravad inimesi; Sosnovski karuputk kõrvetab; Seen mis ussitab on söögi seen

  12. Toiduainetööstuse TOP aastal 2006 / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Promõshlennost 17. okt. lk. 12-13. Edukamad toiduainetööstuse tootjad 2006. aastal. Vt. samas: Toiduainetööstuse üld- ja finantsandmed; Käibe TOP 5; Käibe kasvu TOP 5; Kasumi TOP 5; Kasumi kasvu TOP 5; Rentaabluse TOP 5; Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 5; Ketlin Priilinn:Võru Juust tipus emafirma abiga. Kommenteerib Tiia Karu. Diagramm; AS Tere tõuseb raske töö toel. Kommenteerib Aivar Häelm. Diagramm; Maag ajab jonnakusega oma asja. Diagramm

  13. Combinations of Quality and Frequency of Immunization Activities to Stop and Prevent Poliovirus Transmission in the High-Risk Area of Northwest Nigeria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radboud J Duintjer Tebbens

    Full Text Available Frequent supplemental immunization activities (SIAs with the oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV represent the primary strategy to interrupt poliovirus transmission in the last endemic areas.Using a differential-equation based poliovirus transmission model tailored to high-risk areas in Nigeria, we perform one-way and multi-way sensitivity analyses to demonstrate the impact of different assumptions about routine immunization (RI and the frequency and quality of SIAs on population immunity to transmission and persistence or emergence of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPVs after OPV cessation.More trivalent OPV use remains critical to avoid serotype 2 cVDPVs. RI schedules with or without inactivated polio vaccine (IPV could significantly improve population immunity if coverage increases well above current levels in under-vaccinated subpopulations. Similarly, the impact of SIAs on overall population immunity and cVDPV risks depends on their ability to reach under-vaccinated groups (i.e., SIA quality. Lower SIA coverage in the under-vaccinated subpopulation results in a higher frequency of SIAs needed to maintain high enough population immunity to avoid cVDPVs after OPV cessation.National immunization program managers in northwest Nigeria should recognize the benefits of increasing RI and SIA quality. Sufficiently improving RI coverage and improving SIA quality will reduce the frequency of SIAs required to stop and prevent future poliovirus transmission. Better information about the incremental costs to identify and reach under-vaccinated children would help determine the optimal balance between spending to increase SIA and RI quality and spending to increase SIA frequency.

  14. Combinations of Quality and Frequency of Immunization Activities to Stop and Prevent Poliovirus Transmission in the High-Risk Area of Northwest Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duintjer Tebbens, Radboud J; Pallansch, Mark A; Wassilak, Steven G F; Cochi, Stephen L; Thompson, Kimberly M

    2015-01-01

    Frequent supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) with the oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) represent the primary strategy to interrupt poliovirus transmission in the last endemic areas. Using a differential-equation based poliovirus transmission model tailored to high-risk areas in Nigeria, we perform one-way and multi-way sensitivity analyses to demonstrate the impact of different assumptions about routine immunization (RI) and the frequency and quality of SIAs on population immunity to transmission and persistence or emergence of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPVs) after OPV cessation. More trivalent OPV use remains critical to avoid serotype 2 cVDPVs. RI schedules with or without inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) could significantly improve population immunity if coverage increases well above current levels in under-vaccinated subpopulations. Similarly, the impact of SIAs on overall population immunity and cVDPV risks depends on their ability to reach under-vaccinated groups (i.e., SIA quality). Lower SIA coverage in the under-vaccinated subpopulation results in a higher frequency of SIAs needed to maintain high enough population immunity to avoid cVDPVs after OPV cessation. National immunization program managers in northwest Nigeria should recognize the benefits of increasing RI and SIA quality. Sufficiently improving RI coverage and improving SIA quality will reduce the frequency of SIAs required to stop and prevent future poliovirus transmission. Better information about the incremental costs to identify and reach under-vaccinated children would help determine the optimal balance between spending to increase SIA and RI quality and spending to increase SIA frequency.

  15. Self-interstitial configuration in molybdenum studied by modified ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The negative values refer a motion along negative direction of axis. It is noted that the displacements of NN atoms to a SIA are very large compared to those to a vacancy in ref. [1]. This is because adding a SIA into normal matrix will result in a large decrease in interatomic distance and thus a large increase in the acting ...

  16. Sarah Zappulla Muscarà-Enzo Zappulla, Gabriele d'Annunzio ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    E fu D'Annunzio a curare il libretto della Figlia di Iorio per la musica di. Alberto Franchetti (Scala di Milano, 29 marzo 1906). Il volume offre dunque un panorama fitto di informazioni, commentate con rigore critico, storico e filologico, nel quale figurano sia il testo originale della tragedia sia le tre versioni dialettali: con un.

  17. 29 CFR (non - mandatory) Appendix C to Subpart L of Part 1926-List of National Consensus Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false mandatory) Appendix C to Subpart L of Part 1926-List of National Consensus Standards (Non Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND... Consensus Standards ANSI/SIA A92.2-1990Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices ANSI/SIA A92.3...

  18. da james joyce a john assurbanipal smith. la (de)legittimazione del ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Vedremo come Eco sembri a prima vista allineato con queste posizioni, ma anche come il suo discorso sul comico non sia privo di contraddizioni e non costituisca fino in fondo una legittimazione. Per prima cosa bisognerebbe fermarsi e dare una definizione di cosa sia il comico, ma rinuncio subito. In questo mi sento ...

  19. Sequential-Injection Analysis: Principles, Instrument Construction, and Demonstration by a Simple Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Economou, A.; Tzanavaras, P. D.; Themelis, D. G.

    2005-01-01

    The sequential-injection analysis (SIA) is an approach to sample handling that enables the automation of manual wet-chemistry procedures in a rapid, precise and efficient manner. The experiments using SIA fits well in the course of Instrumental Chemical Analysis and especially in the section of Automatic Methods of analysis provided by chemistry…

  20. Carbon-13 conundrums: limitations and cautions in the use of stable isotope analysis in stream ecotonal research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    France, R.L.

    1996-01-01

    A secondary analysis of literature was compiled and performed on the δ 13 C values for allochthonous litter, attached algae and consumers in stream ecosystems, finding that 'existing data conflict as to the capability of stable isotope analysis (SIA) for distinguishing carbon pathways'. The paper is in defence of the work previously performed and suggests caution when using stream SIA research. 48 refs

  1. Developments in Social Impact Assessment : An introduction to a collection of seminal research papers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanclay, Frank; Vanclay, Frank

    2014-01-01

    This Edward Elgar research collection comprises 50 of the key journal articles in the field of social impact assessment (SIA) as it has developed over time. As discussed in more detail below and in the papers in this collection, the general understanding of SIA has changed over time, and will likely

  2. Social Impact Management Plans : Innovation in corporate and public policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franks, Daniel M.; Vanclay, Frank

    Social Impact Assessment (SIA) has traditionally been practiced as a predictive study for the regulatory approval of major projects, however, in recent years the drivers and domain of focus for SIA have shifted. This paper details the emergence of Social Impact Management Plans (SIMPs) and

  3. Development of the Sport Injury Anxiety Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rex, Camille C.; Metzler, Jonathan N.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop a measure of sport injury anxiety (SIA), defined as the tendency to make threat appraisals in sport situations where injury is seen as possible and/or likely. The Sport Injury Anxiety Scale (SIAS) was developed in three stages. In Stage 1, expert raters evaluated items to determine their adequacy. In…

  4. Terra e lavoro: due questioni apparentemente dimenticate, di nuovo nell'agenda europea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ploeg, van der J.D.

    2012-01-01

    Questo articolo discute l’agricoltura contadina come la principale istituzione-lavoro in Europa. Si afferma che sia il lavoro sia la terra sono socialmente difniti. Essi sono materialmente costituiti sulla base di tali definizioni e, laddove le definizioni sociali mutano, il significato, l’uso e e

  5. Questioning the 'exotic' in two Italian travellers' accounts of New ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'articolo studia le testimonianze di due missionari italiani presenti in Nuova Zelanda tra la fine dell'Ottocento e l'inizio del Novecento: il benedettino Dom Felice Vaggioli e il salesiano Giuseppe Capra. Sia l'uno sia l'altro, attratti dalle bellezze naturali del paese descritto come una sorta di esotico nuovo Eden, finirono col ...

  6. Special Interest Areas and Employment Skills Programming for Secondary Students with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bross, Leslie Ann; Travers, Jason C.

    2017-01-01

    Many students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have specialized interests and passions that are highly reinforcing. Such special interest areas (SIAs) are more than mere hobbies or simple curiosities. Rather, the SIAs of an individual with autism may be characterized by (a) significant depth and breadth of knowledge about the area, (b)…

  7. Social Impact Management Plans : Innovation in corporate and public policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franks, Daniel M.; Vanclay, Frank

    2013-01-01

    Social Impact Assessment (SIA) has traditionally been practiced as a predictive study for the regulatory approval of major projects, however, in recent years the drivers and domain of focus for SIA have shifted. This paper details the emergence of Social Impact Management Plans (SIMPs) and

  8. Trophodynamics and functional feeding groups of North Sea fauna: a combined stable isotope and fatty acid approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kürten, B.; Frutos, I.; Struck, U.; Painting, S.J.; Polunin, N.V.C.; Middelburg, J.J.

    The trophodynamics of pelagic and benthic animals of the North Sea, North Atlantic shelf, were assessed using stable isotope analysis (SIA) of natural abundance carbon and nitrogen isotopes, lipid fingerprinting and compound-specific SIA (CSIA) of phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFAs).

  9. Trophodynamics and functional feeding groups of North Sea fauna: a combined stable isotope and fatty acid approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kürten, B.; Frutos, I.; Struck, U.; Painting, S.J.; Polunin, N.V.C.; Middelburg, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    The trophodynamics of pelagic and benthic animals of the North Sea, North Atlantic shelf, were assessed using stable isotope analysis (SIA) of natural abundance carbon and nitrogen isotopes, lipid fingerprinting and compound-specific SIA (CSIA) of phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFAs).

  10. Kinetics of interstitial defects in α-Fe: The effect from uniaxial stress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Changwoo [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A& M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Wang, Qingyu [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Shao, Lin, E-mail: lshao@tamu.edu [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A& M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2017-03-15

    Understanding defect kinetics in a stress field is important for multiscale modeling of materials degradation of nuclear materials. By means of molecular dynamics and molecular statics simulations, we calculate formation and migration energies of self-interstitial atoms (SIA) and SIA clusters (up to size of 5 interstitials) in alpha Fe and identify their stable configurations under uniaxial tensile strains. By applying uniaxial stress along [111], <111> oriented single SIA defects become more stable than <110> oriented SIA, which is opposite to stress-free condition. Diffusion of single SIA defects under [111] tensile stress is facilitated along [111] direction and the diffusion becomes one dimensional (1D). For SIA clusters, their diffusion under zero stress has gradual transition from three dimensional (3D) for small clusters to one dimensional (1D) for large clusters. Under the tensile stress along [111], the 3D to 1D transition is accelerated. For large SIA clusters, the stress effect is quickly saturated with less diffusivity enhancement in comparison with small SIA clusters.

  11. Nash buksirovshtshik stanet krupneishim / Artur Tooman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooman, Artur, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Puksiirettevõtete SIA PKL ja SIA Ostas Flote ühinemisel tekib Läänemere põhjaosa suurim kompanii, millest pool kuulub Eesti firmale PKL Holding AS ja teine pool tuntud Läti ärimehele Oleg Stepanovile

  12. Impact of an Intervention to Use a Measles, Rubella, and Polio Mass Vaccination Campaign to Strengthen Routine Immunization Services in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Aaron S; Bohara, Rajendra; Stewart, Steven; Subedi, Giri; Anand, Abhijeet; Burnett, Eleanor; Giri, Jagat; Shrestha, Jagat; Gurau, Suraj; Dixit, Sameer; Rajbhandari, Rajesh; Schluter, W William

    2017-07-01

    The potential to strengthen routine immunization (RI) services through supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is an important benefit of global measles and rubella elimination and polio eradication strategies. However, little evidence exists on how best to use SIAs to strengthen RI. As part the 2012 Nepal measles-rubella and polio SIA, we developed an intervention package designed to improve RI processes and evaluated its effect on specific RI process measures. The intervention package was incorporated into existing SIA activities and materials to improve healthcare providers' RI knowledge and practices throughout Nepal. In 1 region (Central Region) we surveyed the same 100 randomly selected health facilities before and after the SIA and evaluated the following RI process measures: vaccine safety, RI planning, RI service delivery, vaccine supply chain, and RI data recording practices. Data collection included observations of vaccination sessions, interviews with the primary healthcare provider who administered vaccines at each facility, and administrative record reviews. Pair-matched analytical methods were used to determine whether statistically significant changes in the selected RI process measures occurred over time. After the SIA, significant positive changes were measured in healthcare provider knowledge of adverse events following immunization (11% increase), availability of RI microplans (+17%) and maps (+12%), and awareness of how long a reconstituted measles vial can be used before it must be discarded (+14%). For the SIA, 42% of providers created an SIA high-risk villages list, and >50% incorporated this information into RI outreach session site planning. Significant negative changes occurred in correct knowledge of measles vaccination contraindications (-11%), correct definition for a measles outbreak (-21%), and how to treat a child with a severe adverse event following immunization (-10%). Twenty percent of providers reported cancelling ≥1 RI

  13. Spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis for differential diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Е. V. Filonenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The non-invasive diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions by spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis (SIA-scopy using device for dermatoscopy (SIAscope V by Astron Clinica, Ltd was approved in P.A.Herzen Moscow Cancer Research Institute. The method is based on analysis of light interaction with wavelength of 440–960 nm anf human skin, which is recorded by change of image on scan. The comparative analysis of SIA-scopy and histological data in 327 pigmented skin lesions in 147 patients showed, that SIA had high diagnostic efficiency for cutaneous melanoma: the sensitivity was 96%, specifity – 94%, diagnostic accuracy – 94%. For study of malignant potential of pigmented lesions by SIA-scopy the most informative capacity was obtained for assessment of melanin in papillary dermis, status of blood vessels and collagen fibres (SIA-scans 3, 4, 5.

  14. Polysialic acid immobilized on silanized glass surfaces: a test case for its use as a biomaterial for nerve regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinhaus, Stephanie; Stark, Yvonne; Bruns, Stephanie; Haile, Yohannes; Scheper, Thomas; Grothe, Claudia; Behrens, Peter

    2010-04-01

    The immobilization of polysialic acid (polySia) on glass substrates has been investigated with regard to the applicability of this polysaccharide as a novel, biocompatible and bioresorbable material for tissue engineering, especially with regard to its use in nerve regeneration. PolySia, a homopolymer of alpha-2,8-linked sialic acid, is involved in post-translational modification of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). The degradation of polySia can be controlled which makes it an interesting material for coating and for scaffold construction in tissue engineering. Here, we describe the immobilization of polySia on glass surfaces via an epoxysilane linker. Whereas glass surfaces will not actually be used in nerve regeneration scaffolds, they provide a simple and efficient means for testing various methods for the investigation of immobilized polySia. The modified surfaces were investigated with contact angle measurements and the quantity of immobilized polySia was examined by the thiobarbituric acid assay and a specific polySia-ELISA. The interactions between the polySia-modified surface and immortalized Schwann cells were evaluated via cell adhesion and cell viability assays. The results show that polySia can be immobilized on glass surfaces via the epoxysilane linker and that surface-bound polySia has no toxic effects on Schwann cells. Therefore, as a key substance in the development of vertebrates and as a favourable substrate for the cultivation of Schwann cells, it offers interesting features for the use in nerve guidance tubes for treatment of peripheral nerve injuries.

  15. Arctic sea ice area changes in CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate models’ ensembles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Semenov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The shrinking Arctic sea ice cover observed during the last decades is probably the clearest manifestation of ongoing climate change. While climate models in general reproduce the sea ice retreat in the Arctic during the 20th century and simulate further sea ice area loss during the 21st century in response to anthropogenic forcing, the models suffer from large biases and the results exhibit considerable spread. Here, we compare results from the two last generations of climate models, CMIP3 and CMIP5, with respect to total and regional Arctic sea ice change. Different characteristics of sea ice area (SIA in March and September have been analysed for the Entire Arctic, Central Arctic and Barents Sea. Further, the sensitivity of SIA to changes in Northern Hemisphere (NH temperature is investigated and dynamical links between SIA and some atmospheric variability modes are assessed.CMIP3 (SRES A1B and CMIP5 (RCP8.5 models not only simulate a coherent decline of the Arctic SIA but also depict consistent changes in the SIA seasonal cycle. The spatial patterns of SIC variability improve in CMIP5 ensemble, most noticeably in summer when compared to HadISST1 data. A better simulation of summer SIA in the Entire Arctic by CMIP5 models is accompanied by a slightly increased bias for winter season in comparison to CMIP3 ensemble. SIA in the Barents Sea is strongly overestimated by the majority of CMIP3 and CMIP5 models, and projected SIA changes are characterized by a high uncertainty. Both CMIP ensembles depict a significant link between the SIA and NH temperature changes indicating that a part of inter-ensemble SIA spread comes from different temperature sensitivity to anthropogenic forcing. The results suggest that, in general, a sensitivity of SIA to external forcing is enhanced in CMIP5 models. Arctic SIA interannual variability in the end of the 20th century is on average well simulated by both ensembles. To the end of the 21st century, September

  16. Social impact assessments: Developing a consolidated conceptual framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arce-Gomez, Antonio, E-mail: aarcegomez@swin.edu.au; Donovan, Jerome D., E-mail: jdonovan@swin.edu.au; Bedggood, Rowan E., E-mail: rbedggood@swin.edu.au

    2015-01-15

    Social Impact Assessments (SIAs) have played an increasingly important role in the conduct of planned interventions, providing proponents the capacity to assess and manage the social consequences of their activities. Whilst the SIA field has experienced significant conceptual and practical development over the last decade, efforts at consolidating this within one framework have been limited. In this paper, we incorporate this new knowledge by redeveloping and thus updating the SIA procedural framework developed by Interorganizational Committee on Guidelines and Principles for Social Impact Assessment. In doing so, this updated procedural framework has attempted to incorporate current ‘best practice’ that focuses on participatory approaches to undertaking an SIA. This involved making adaptions to two steps, expansions to five steps, integration of a stronger participatory approach to six steps, and the development of a new step, Management and Evaluation reflecting moves towards ex-post use of SIA processes. It is hoped that this consolidation of the literature of a decade's worth of key findings in SIA research will lead to further efforts towards a meta-evaluation of SIA literature and a platform from which newer developments may be further investigated.

  17. Polysialic acid modification of the synaptic cell adhesion molecule SynCAM 1 in human embryonic stem cell-derived oligodendrocyte precursor cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Werneburg

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs are the progenitors of myelinating oligodendrocytes in brain development and repair. Successful myelination depends on the control of adhesiveness during OPC migration and axon contact formation. The decoration of cell surface proteins with the glycan polysialic acid (polySia is a key regulatory element of OPC interactions during development and under pathological conditions. By far the major protein carrier of polySia is the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM, but recently, polysialylation of the synaptic cell adhesion molecule SynCAM 1 has been detected in the developing mouse brain. In mice, polySia-SynCAM 1 is associated with cells expressing NG2, a marker of a heterogeneous precursor cell population, which is the primary source for oligodendrocytes in development and myelin repair but can also give rise to astrocytes and possibly neurons. It is not yet clear if polySia-SynCAM 1 is expressed by OPCs and its occurrence in humans is elusive. By generating uniform human embryonic stem cell-derived OPC cultures, we demonstrate that polySia is present on human OPCs but down-regulated during differentiation into myelin basic protein-positive oligodendrocytes. PolySia on NCAM resides on the isoforms NCAM-180 and NCAM-140, and SynCAM 1 is identified as a novel polySia acceptor in human OPCs.

  18. Social Impact Assessment: The lesser sibling in the South African EIA process?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hildebrandt, L.; Sandham, L.A.

    2014-01-01

    Social Impact Assessment has developed as an integral but neglected component of EIA in South Africa since it became mandatory in 1997, and has therefore been referred to as the “orphan” or “lesser sibling” of EIA, as has SIA in the UK and the US. The aim of this paper is to test this claim by reviewing the quality of a sample of SIA reports, and also to establish whether there has been any improvement in quality following the introduction of revised EIA regulations in 2006. The results confirm that SIA can be called “the lesser sibling” due to the weak grades achieved in the quality review, but also reveal that there has been a slight and consistent improvement in quality, most likely driven by best practice considerations in the absence of prescriptive regulations for SIA. Suggestions and recommendations for addressing observed weakness in SIA performance are advanced. - Highlights: • The quality of a sample of SIA reports was evaluated using a review package. • SIA reports received mostly weak grades. • Limited improvement observed from first to second regulatory regime. • Improvements most likely due to best practice considerations

  19. Social impact assessments: Developing a consolidated conceptual framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arce-Gomez, Antonio; Donovan, Jerome D.; Bedggood, Rowan E.

    2015-01-01

    Social Impact Assessments (SIAs) have played an increasingly important role in the conduct of planned interventions, providing proponents the capacity to assess and manage the social consequences of their activities. Whilst the SIA field has experienced significant conceptual and practical development over the last decade, efforts at consolidating this within one framework have been limited. In this paper, we incorporate this new knowledge by redeveloping and thus updating the SIA procedural framework developed by Interorganizational Committee on Guidelines and Principles for Social Impact Assessment. In doing so, this updated procedural framework has attempted to incorporate current ‘best practice’ that focuses on participatory approaches to undertaking an SIA. This involved making adaptions to two steps, expansions to five steps, integration of a stronger participatory approach to six steps, and the development of a new step, Management and Evaluation reflecting moves towards ex-post use of SIA processes. It is hoped that this consolidation of the literature of a decade's worth of key findings in SIA research will lead to further efforts towards a meta-evaluation of SIA literature and a platform from which newer developments may be further investigated

  20. Displacement cascades and defect annealing in tungsten, Part III: The sensitivity of cascade annealing in tungsten to the values of kinetic parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nandipati, Giridhar, E-mail: giridhar.nandipati@pnnl.gov [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Setyawan, Wahyu; Heinisch, Howard L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Roche, Kenneth J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Kurtz, Richard J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Wirth, Brian D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2015-07-15

    A study has been performed using object kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) simulations to investigate various aspects of cascade aging in bulk tungsten (W) and to determine its sensitivity to the kinetic parameters. The primary focus is on how the kinetic parameters affect the intracascade recombination of defects. Results indicate that, due to the disparate mobilities of SIA and vacancy clusters, annealing is dominated by SIA migration even at 2050 K. It was found that for 100 keV cascades initiated at 300 K, recombination is dominated by the annihilation of large defect clusters, while for all the other primary knock-on atom (PKA) energies and temperatures, recombination is primarily due to the migration and rotation of small SIA clusters, while the large SIA clusters escape the simulation cell. The annealing efficiency exhibits an inverse U-shaped curve behavior with increasing temperature, especially at large PKA energies, caused by the asymmetry in SIA and vacancy clustering assisted by the large differences in their mobilities. This behavior is unaffected by the dimensionality of SIA migration, and it persists over a broad range of relative mobilities of SIAs and vacancies.

  1. Social Impact Assessment: The lesser sibling in the South African EIA process?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hildebrandt, L., E-mail: Leandri.hildebrandt@nwu.ac.za [African Centre for Disaster Studies, Research Focus Area: Social Transformation, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Sandham, L.A., E-mail: luke.sandham@nwu.ac.za [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa)

    2014-09-15

    Social Impact Assessment has developed as an integral but neglected component of EIA in South Africa since it became mandatory in 1997, and has therefore been referred to as the “orphan” or “lesser sibling” of EIA, as has SIA in the UK and the US. The aim of this paper is to test this claim by reviewing the quality of a sample of SIA reports, and also to establish whether there has been any improvement in quality following the introduction of revised EIA regulations in 2006. The results confirm that SIA can be called “the lesser sibling” due to the weak grades achieved in the quality review, but also reveal that there has been a slight and consistent improvement in quality, most likely driven by best practice considerations in the absence of prescriptive regulations for SIA. Suggestions and recommendations for addressing observed weakness in SIA performance are advanced. - Highlights: • The quality of a sample of SIA reports was evaluated using a review package. • SIA reports received mostly weak grades. • Limited improvement observed from first to second regulatory regime. • Improvements most likely due to best practice considerations.

  2. The nursing’s scientific production on euthanasia: integrative literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caren Camargo do Espírito Santo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Descrever como a eutanásia tem sido abordada nas publicações científicas nacionais realizadas por enfermeiros e discutir sobre os aspectos bioéticos descritos relacionados à eutanásia. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura nas bases de dados BDENF, SciELO e LILACS, por meio dos descritores eutanásia e enfermagem, utilizando-se textos completos e em português. Resultados: Foram encontrados 24 artigos, dos quais 06 possuíam texto completo. Destes, foram selecionadas 04 publicações que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão e estabeleceram relação consistente com a temática. Conclusão: Temática pouco explorada no cenário nacional por pesquisadores da enfermagem. Os estudos encontrados não versavam exatamente sobre a eutanásia apenas, mas sobre terminalidade da vida e cuidado paliativo, distanásia, ortotanásia, e falavam de outros atores envolvidos no processo de decisão no fim da vida. Descritores: Eutanásia, Enfermagem, Bioética.

  3. Epilepsy-associated long-term mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huttunen, Jukka; Lindgren, Antti; Kurki, Mitja I; Huttunen, Terhi; Frösen, Juhana; Koivisto, Timo; von Und Zu Fraunberg, Mikael; Immonen, Arto; Jääskeläinen, Juha E; Kälviäinen, Reetta

    2017-07-18

    To elucidate the epilepsy-associated causes of death and subsequent excess long-term mortality among 12-month survivors of subarachnoid hemorrhage from saccular intracranial aneurysm (SIA-SAH). The Kuopio SIA Database (kuopioneurosurgery.fi) includes all SIA-SAH patients admitted to the Kuopio University Hospital from its defined catchment population in Eastern Finland. The study cohort consists of 779 patients, admitted from 1995 to 2007, who were alive at 12 months after SIA-SAH. Their use of reimbursable antiepileptic drugs and the causes of death (ICD-10) were fused from the Finnish national registries from 1994 to 2014. The 779 12-month survivors were followed up until death (n = 197) or December 31, 2014, a median of 12.0 years after SIA-SAH. Epilepsy had been diagnosed in 121 (15%) patients after SIA-SAH, and 34/121 (28%) had died at the end of follow-up, with epilepsy as the immediate cause of death in 7/34 (21%). In the 779 patients alive at 12 months after SIA-SAH, epilepsy was an independent risk factor for mortality (hazard ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.0). Comorbid epilepsy in 12-month survivors of SIA-SAH is associated with increased risk of death in long-term follow-up. Survivors of SIA-SAH require long-term dedicated follow-up, including identification and effective treatment of comorbid epilepsy to prevent avoidable deaths. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Neurology.

  4. Cerebral signal intensity abnormalities on T2-weighted MR images in HIV patients with highly active antiretroviral therapy: relationship with clinical parameters and interval changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanning, Uta; Husstedt, Ingo W; Niederstadt, Thomas-Ulrich; Evers, Stefan; Heindel, Walter; Kloska, Stephan P

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between immune state and cerebral signal intensity abnormalities (SIAs) on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images in subjects with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy. Thirty-two subjects underwent a total of 109 magnetic resonance studies. The presence of human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurocognitive disorder, categorized CD4(+) T lymphocyte count, and plasma viral load were assessed for relationship with the severity and interval change of SIAs for different anatomic locations of the brain. Subjects with multifocal patterns of SIAs had CD4(+) cell counts < 200 cells/μL in 66.0%, whereas subjects with diffuse patterns of SIAs had CD4(+) cell counts < 200 cells/μL in only 31.4% (P < .001). Subjects without SIAs in the basal ganglia had CD4(+) cell counts < 200 cells/μL in 37.0%, whereas subjects with minor and moderate SIAs in the basal ganglia had CD4(+) cell counts < 200 cells/μL in 78.3% and 80.0%, respectively (P < .005). The percentage of subjects with CD4(+) cell counts < 200 cells/μL was 85.7% when there were progressive periventricular SIA changes and 45.5% when periventricular SIA changes were stable in follow-up (P < .05). The presence and progression of cerebral SIAs on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images reflecting cerebral infection with human immunodeficiency virus are significantly related to impaired immune state as measured by CD4(+) cell count. Copyright © 2011 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Axial ratio dependence of the stability of self-interstitials in HCP structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peng, Qing; Ji, Wei; Huang, Hanchen; De, Suvranu

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the effect of the axial ratio (c/a) on the stability of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) in hexagonal close-packed crystal structures, using hcp-zirconium as a prototype, through density functional theory based ab initio calculations. The axial ratio is found to dominate the relative stability of SIAs over volumetric strains. We observe that below the ideal value of 1.633, the basal octahedral configuration is the most stable. Above the ideal value, the off-plane SIAs are more stable than in-plane ones

  6. [Applications of stable isotope analysis in the trophic ecology studies of cephalopods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun-Kai; Gong, Yi; Chen, Xin-Jun

    2014-05-01

    Cephalopods play an important role in marine food webs, however, knowledge about their complex life history, especially their feeding ecology, remains limited. With the rapidly increasing use of stable isotope analysis (SIA) in ecology, it becomes a powerful tool and complement of traditional methods for investigating the trophic ecology and migration patterns of invertebrates. Here, after summarizing the current methods for trophic ecology investigation of cephalopods, applications of SIA in studying the trophic ecology of cephalopods were reviewed, including the key issues such as standardization of available tissues for SIA analyzing, diet shift and migration patterns of cephalopods, with the aim of advancing its application in the biology of cephalopods in the future.

  7. Internet 2.0 e Open Source per la didattica scolastica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Spadavecchia

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available E'€ possibile individuare strumenti e strategie per condividere buone pratiche fra colleghi, comunicare e sfruttare efficacemente le capacità€ di apprendimento degli studenti, il tutto a costi molto contenuti? E come? Con un semplice laptop, i tools cooperativi del Web 2.0 e il software Open Source. L’e-learning, sia nei suoi risvolti formali (le cosiddette “piattaforme” che informali (wiki, blog, podcast, VOIP, può€ diventare un agevolatore o un integratore della didattica scolastica, sia consentendo una maggiore individualizzazione dei percorsi, sia mettendo lo studente in condizione di favorire tecniche di sostegno aggiuntivo, peer tutoring ecc.

  8. Genetic diversity and DNA fingerprint study in tomato (Solanum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User_Name

    tomato (S. lycopersicon) that have different origin and grown under. Egyptian environment ..... Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sia et al., 2000) up to 10-3 in the pipefish .... (2000). Analysis of microsatellite mutations in the mitochondrial DNA.

  9. Il libro di fisica

    CERN Document Server

    Asimov, Isaac

    1986-01-01

    Isaac Asimov, illustre studioso e brillante divulgatore scientifico, ma anche grandissimo scrittore di science fiction, ha costruito questa volta una vera e propria «biografia delle scienze fisiche». Il presente volume, che nel mondo anglosassone è diventato una «bibbia della fisica», ci introduce, in forma semplice ma rigorosa, ai segreti dei quasar e dei buchi neri, dei quark e degli acceleratori di particelle, dell'intelligenza artificiale e delle fonti di energia, sia essa quella «sporca» sia quella «pulita». Un vero, completo manuale, ma anche un «romanzo» affascinante sia per il profano sia per l'uomo di scienza.

  10. Uno strumento per la creazione di valore nella realizzazione di edifici sostenibili: la certificazione LEED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rick Fedrizzi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Il presente lavoro ha l’obiettivo di delineare gli aspetti chiave della sostenibilità in ambito edilizio focalizzando l’attenzione sul sistema di certificazione LEED® quale strumento “universale” di supporto per la realizzazione, gestione e valutazione di edifici sostenibili. Nella prima parte del lavoro si descrive la rapida diffusione della certificazione LEED nel recente passato quale diretta conseguenza della capacità di questo strumento di rating di adattarsi sia alle specifiche tipologie di edifici, sia alle diversità climatiche e morfologiche dei siti. Nella seconda parte si procede invece a presentare ed analizzare gli aspetti economico-finanziari degli edifici sostenibili con riferimento sia alle metodologie valutative applicabili, sia ai dati della letteratura. Partendo dalle esperienze internazionali in tema di sostenibilità, si procede successivamente a descrivere la situazione italiana, evidenziando la percezione del mercato e le opportunità di sviluppo future.

  11. Computer simulation of the interaction between an extended dislocation and radiation defects in the fcc lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuramoto, E.; Nakamura, Y.; Tsutsumi, T.

    1993-01-01

    The interaction between an extended dislocation and a radiation-induced defect, especially, a self-interstitial atom (SIA), has been investigated in the model fcc lattice by computer simulation technique. An SIA was absorbed into the core of one of the two partial dislocations of the extended screw dislocation as a crowdion which extends along the dislocation line. Under the applied shear stress this crowdion acted as a pinning point, resulting in irradiation hardening. On the other hand, an SIA was absorbed at the jog site of the extended edge dislocation (at one of the two jog sites on two partial dislocations) and after some relaxation the total jog was shifted to one atomic distance through the spreading out of the strain due to an SIA from one partial side to the other side. (orig.)

  12. *Department of Biology,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2014-12-04

    Dec 4, 2014 ... A Socioeconomic Impact Assessment (SIA) of Integrated Industrial ... food insecurity, lack of access to land for ... Pant Nagar in particular) is fast emerging .... Villages found in the southern side of the project site (100%) said ...

  13. A ‘post-honeymoon’ measles epidemic in Burundi: mathematical model-based analysis and implications for vaccination timing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katelyn C. Corey

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Using a mathematical model with realistic demography, we analyze a large outbreak of measles in Muyinga sector in rural Burundi in 1988–1989. We generate simulated epidemic curves and age × time epidemic surfaces, which we qualitatively and quantitatively compare with the data. Our findings suggest that supplementary immunization activities (SIAs should be used in places where routine vaccination cannot keep up with the increasing numbers of susceptible individuals resulting from population growth or from logistical problems such as cold chain maintenance. We use the model to characterize the relationship between SIA frequency and SIA age range necessary to suppress measles outbreaks. If SIAs are less frequent, they must expand their target age range.

  14. Review of Calculations on Point Defect Properties in Delta-Pu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, P. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Wolfer, W. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-09-08

    The results of theoretical predictions of properties for vacancies and self-interstitial atoms (SIA) in δ-Pu are presented and reviewed. Three methods have been used for these predictions, namely the modified embedded atom method (MEAM), density functional theory (DFT) with and without spin polarization, and continuum mechanics (CM) models adapted to plutonium. The properties considered are formation and migration energies, and relaxation volumes of vacancies and SIA. Predicted values vary considerably. Nevertheless, all three methods predict that the activation energy for self-diffusion by vacancies is of similar magnitude as the SIA formation energy. Furthermore, the absolute magnitudes of relaxation volumes for vacancies and SIA are also similar, indicating that there exist no large bias for radiation-induced void swelling.

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SIA) in a model representing Mo has been investigated using the modified analytical embedded atom method (MAEAM). The lattice relaxations are treated with the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation at absolute zero of temperature.

  16. Migration mechanisms of self-interstitial atoms and their clusters in Fe-Cr alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terentyev, D.; Malerba, L.

    2006-06-01

    The mobility of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) and their clusters in pure iron and iron-chromium alloys was studied by atomic scale modelling techniques. Molecular dynamics (MD) was used to simulate thermally activated motion, i.e. diffusion, and its mechanisms whereas molecular statics was used to estimate energies of interactions of SIA and SIA clusters with Cr-impurities. It is shown that the presence of Cr atoms reduces the diffusivity of SIAs and their clusters in a non monotonic way with increasing Cr concentration. The main reason for this reduction is the presence of a long-range attractive interaction between self-interstitials in the crowdion configuration and Cr atoms. The migration mechanisms behind this effect are discussed relying on the results obtained from the MD simulations. (author)

  17. 23 CFR 661.5 - What definitions apply to this regulation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NBI. Structure Inventory and Appraisal (SI&A) Sheet means the graphic representation of the data recorded and stored for each NBI record in accordance with the Recording and Coding Guide for the Structure...

  18. Experiences from polio supplementary immunization activities in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-05-31

    May 31, 2014 ... lessons from supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) conducted in the State that will be useful to ... Poliovirus invades the central nervous system and causes ..... The vaccine wastage rate of 6.6% was slightly higher.

  19. Functional connectivity of coral reef fishes in a tropical seascape assessed by compound-specific stable isotope analyses

    KAUST Repository

    McMahon, Kelton W.

    2011-01-01

    . The compound-specific SIA approach presented in this thesis will be particularly valuable for tracking the movement of species and life-stages not amenable to conventional tagging techniques. This thesis provides quantitative scientific support for establishing

  20. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Combined Social Phobia Scale and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale: Support for a Bifactor Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Rapson; Watson, Shaun D.

    2017-01-01

    For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors. The three positively worded items had negligible loadings on the general factor. The general factor explained most of the common variance in the SPS and SIAS, and demonstrated good model-based internal consistency reliability (omega hierarchical) and a strong association with fear of negative evaluation and extraversion. The practical implications of the findings for the utilization of the SPS and SIAS, and the theoretical and clinical implications for social anxiety are discussed. PMID:28210232

  1. Remission of migraine after clipping of saccular intracranial aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebedeva, E R; Busygina, A V; Kolotvinov, V S

    2015-01-01

    interview. The remission rates of migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) in these patients were compared to 92 patients from a headache center. Diagnoses were made according to the ICHD-2. RESULTS: During 1 year preceding rupture 51 patients with SIA had migraine. During the year after clipping......BACKGROUND: Unruptured saccular intracranial aneurysm (SIA) is associated with an increased prevalence of migraine, but it is unclear whether this is altered by clipping of the aneurysm. The aim of our study was to determine whether remission rate of migraine and other recurrent headaches...... was greater in patients with SIA after clipping than in controls. METHODS: We prospectively studied 87 SIA patients with migraine or other recurrent headaches. They were interviewed about headaches in the preceding year before and 1 year after clipping using a validated semi-structured neurologist conducted...

  2. Self-interstitial atom clusters as obstacles to glide of 1/3{11-bar 00} edge dislocations in α-zirconium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voskoboynikov, R.E.; Osetsky, Yu.N.; Bacon, D.J.

    2005-01-01

    Atomic-scale details of interaction of a 1/3 {11-bar 00} edge dislocation with clusters of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) in α-zirconium has been studied by computer simulation. Four typical clusters are considered. A triangular cluster of five SIAs lying within a basal plane bisected by the dislocation glide plane is not absorbed by the dislocation but acts as a moderately strong obstacle. A 3-D SIA cluster lying across the glide plane is completely absorbed by the dislocation by creation of super-jogs, and is a weak obstacle. Interaction of the dislocation with glissile SIA loops with perfect Burgers vector inclined at 60 deg. to the dislocation glide plane shows that the process depends on the vector orientation. Defects of the two orientations are strong obstacles, and one, which initially forms a sessile segment on the dislocation line, is particularly so

  3. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Combined Social Phobia Scale and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale: Support for a Bifactor Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Rapson; Watson, Shaun D

    2017-01-01

    For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants ( N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors. The three positively worded items had negligible loadings on the general factor. The general factor explained most of the common variance in the SPS and SIAS, and demonstrated good model-based internal consistency reliability (omega hierarchical) and a strong association with fear of negative evaluation and extraversion. The practical implications of the findings for the utilization of the SPS and SIAS, and the theoretical and clinical implications for social anxiety are discussed.

  4. Current Launch Vehicle Practice and Data Base Assessment. Volume 1. Executive Summary and Report Body

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    4 4 2 .2 .4 B a y e sia n .............................................................................................. 4...basic assumption for the method of estimating system relaibility in the present study is that the failure of the launch vehicle must occur in one of its

  5. Review of Calculations on Point Defect Properties in Delta-Pu

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allen, P. G.; Wolfer, W. G.

    2015-01-01

    The results of theoretical predictions of properties for vacancies and self-interstitial atoms (SIA) in δ-Pu are presented and reviewed. Three methods have been used for these predictions, namely the modified embedded atom method (MEAM), density functional theory (DFT) with and without spin polarization, and continuum mechanics (CM) models adapted to plutonium. The properties considered are formation and migration energies, and relaxation volumes of vacancies and SIA. Predicted values vary considerably. Nevertheless, all three methods predict that the activation energy for self-diffusion by vacancies is of similar magnitude as the SIA formation energy. Furthermore, the absolute magnitudes of relaxation volumes for vacancies and SIA are also similar, indicating that there exist no large bias for radiation-induced void swelling.

  6. Computational Study of Chalcopyrite Semiconductors and Their Non-Linear Optical Properties

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lambrecht, Walter R

    2007-01-01

    ... (Including cation antisites, cation and anion vacancies) and CdGeAs2; a study of the feasibility of nonciritical phase matching and associated nonlinear optical parameters in CdSiP2 and CdSIAs2...

  7. Fassaadi viimistlusvead kinni nii teadmatuses kui ka hoolimatuses / Eneken Laasme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasme, Eneken

    2006-01-01

    Viimistlusvigade tagajärjeks on hoone konstruktiivse osa lagunemine ning sise- ja välisseinte hallitus. Kommenteerivad SIA Caparol Baltica Eesti filiaali juhataja Jaan Vikat ja Heiki Tuisk OÜ Värvikeskuste Grupist

  8. Impact of measles supplementary immunization activities on reaching children missed by routine programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnoy, Allison; Jit, Mark; Helleringer, Stéphane; Verguet, Stéphane

    2018-01-02

    Measles supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) are vaccination campaigns that supplement routine vaccination programs with a recommended second dose opportunity to children of different ages regardless of their previous history of measles vaccination. They are conducted every 2-4 years and over a few weeks in many low- and middle-income countries. While SIAs have high vaccination coverage, it is unclear whether they reach the children who miss their routine measles vaccine dose. Determining who is reached by SIAs is vital to understanding their effectiveness, as well as measure progress towards measles control. We examined SIAs in low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2014 using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Conditional on a child's routine measles vaccination status, we examined whether children participated in the most recent measles SIA. The average proportion of zero-dose children (no previous routine measles vaccination defined as no vaccination date before the SIA) reached by SIAs across 14 countries was 66%, ranging from 28% in São Tomé and Príncipe to 91% in Nigeria. However, when also including all children with routine measles vaccination data, this proportion decreased to 12% and to 58% when imputing data for children with vaccination reported by the mother and vaccination marks on the vaccination card across countries. Overall, the proportions of zero-dose children reached by SIAs declined with increasing household wealth. Some countries appeared to reach a higher proportion of zero-dose children using SIAs than others, with proportions reached varying according to the definition of measles vaccination (e.g., vaccination dates on the vaccination card, vaccination marks on the vaccination card, and/or self-reported data). This suggests that some countries could improve their targeting of SIAs to children who miss other measles vaccine opportunities. Across all countries, SIAs played an important role in reaching

  9. Epidemiologia molecolare di Listeria monocytogenes per l'implementazione della sorveglianza e della valutazione del rischio infettivo

    OpenAIRE

    Tamburro, Manuela

    2010-01-01

    Listeria monocytogenes è un patogeno umano a trasmissione alimentare, ampiamente distribuito nell’ambiente, che causa la listeriosi, un importante problema per la Sanità Pubblica per l’elevato tasso di letalità (20-30%). Sia i casi sporadici sia quelli epidemici sono soprattutto associati al consumo di alimenti contaminati. Le manifestazioni cliniche vanno da gastroenteriti febbrili fino a forme invasive negli individui suscettibili (immunocompromessi, anziani, donne in gravidanza e neonati),...

  10. Genomica avanzata per lo studio dei geni di resistenza a patogeni in pianta

    OpenAIRE

    Sanseverino, Walter

    2009-01-01

    I geni di resistenza hanno grossa importanza nel settore della genetica vegetale e del miglioramento genetico. Le loro caratteristiche genetiche e strutturali li rendono interessanti sia da un punto di vista scientifico sia nell’ottica di un loro utilizzo pratico. Sono una famiglia affascinante da studiare e capire i loro meccanismi evolutivi e di interazione con altre proteine rappresenta una sfida per il chiarimento di molte caratteristiche molecolari e di funzionamento. Questo studio propo...

  11. Self-interstitial atoms in metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schilling, W.

    1978-01-01

    The present state of knowledge and understanding of the properties of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) in metals is reviewed. Special emphasis is given to a discussion of the structure of SIAs and those properties which relate to structure such as relaxation volumes, elastic polarizabilities, defect vibrations, geometry of jump processes, and elastic interactions. The present experimental status with respect to these properties is summarized, and the basic theoretical concepts for their understanding are presented as simply as possible. (Auth.)

  12. The actions of the social insurance agency regarding long-term sickness absentees before and after a medical assessment--a study of 384 case files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marklund, Staffan; Lundh, Göran; Gustafsson, Klas; Linder, Jürgen; Svedberg, Pia; Alexanderson, Kristina

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate actions taken by the Social Insurance Agency (SIA) for long-term sickness absentees and possible associations of this with future sick leave or disability pension. For 384 long-term sickness absentees who had had a multidisciplinary medical assessment (MMA) during 2001-2006, three types of data were obtained: (1) case file information about SIA actions, (2) suggested rehabilitation measures from the MMA and (3) sickness absence and disability pension data. Most individuals had been subject to a range of actions by the SIA. Sixty percent had been invited to a coordination meeting, and half of those who assessed by the MMA for vocational rehabilitation were approved to get it by the SIA. Few SIA actions were associated with full or partial return to work. Although the studied individuals had been on sick leave for a long time, the number of SIA actions related to vocational rehabilitation was limited and came late in the sick-leave spell. The information from the MMA was often not used as a basis for further SIA action and seldom resulted in return to work. The positive MMA views on the potential of vocational rehabilitation were not met by SIA actions. Suggestions on vocational rehabilitation from a medical assessment was in many cases not used by the social insurance agency in relationship to long-term sickness absentees. Active rehabilitation measures by the social insurance agency were few and came late in the sickness absence process. Few of the activities taken by the social insurance agency enhanced return to work.

  13. Système d'information agricole dans la vallée de Huaral, au Pérou ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Evaluación del componente "Investigación aplicativa" del proyecto "Sistema de Información Agraria - SIA, a favor de los Pequeños Agricultores del Valle de Huaral" : el uso de "smartphones" en el medio rural como herramienta para el acceso a la... Téléchargez le PDF. Rapports. Sistema de información agraria : SIA del ...

  14. Antropologia multidisciplinare o multiantropologia indisciplinata?

    OpenAIRE

    Emiliano Bruner

    2008-01-01

    Il flusso di informazioni attualmente disponibili crea evidenti sovraccarichi sia nell’organizzazione personale della conoscenza sia nell’integrazione tra discipline differenti. La multidisciplinarietà viene a gran voce acclamata e reclamata come soluzione da un lato a una ingestibile produzione di nozioni, dall’altro ad una certa stanchezza culturale di molte discipline in stasi preoccupante. A fronte di questa comune esigenza policulturale, gli esempi di riuscite integrazioni professionali ...

  15. Displacement cascades and defect annealing in tungsten, Part III: The sensitivity of cascade annealing in tungsten to the values of kinetic parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nandipati, Giridhar; Setyawan, Wahyu; Heinisch, Howard L.; Roche, Kenneth J.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wirth, Brian D.

    2015-07-01

    Object kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) simulations have been performed to investigate various aspects of cascade aging in bulk tungsten and to determine the sensitivity of the results to the kinetic parameters. The primary focus is on how the kinetic parameters affect the initial recombination of defects in the first few ns of a simulation. The simulations were carried out using the object kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) code KSOME (kinetic simulations of microstructure evolution), using a database of cascades obtained from results of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at various primary knock-on atom (PKA) energies and directions at temperatures of 300, 1025 and 2050 K. The OKMC model was parameterized using defect migration barriers and binding energies from ab initio calculations. Results indicate that, due to the disparate mobilities of SIA and vacancy clusters in tungsten, annealing is dominated by SIA migration even at temperatures as high as 2050 K. For 100 keV cascades initiated at 300 K recombination is dominated by annihilation of large defect clusters. But for all other PKA energies and temperatures most of the recombination is due to the migration and rotation of small SIA clusters, while all the large SIA clusters escape the cubic simulation cell. The inverse U-shape behavior exhibited by the annealing efficiency as a function of temperature curve, especially for cascades of large PKA energies, is due to asymmetry in SIA and vacancy clustering assisted by the large difference in mobilities of SIAs and vacancies. This annealing behavior is unaffected by the dimensionality of SIA migration persists over a broad range of relative mobilities of SIAs and vacancies.

  16. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Combined Social Phobia Scale and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale: Support for a Bifactor Model

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez, Rapson; Watson, Shaun D.

    2017-01-01

    For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher o...

  17. Surface-structure dependence of healing radiation-damage mechanism in nanoporous tungsten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Guohua; Li, Xiangyan; Sun, Jingjing; Hao, Congyu; Xu, Yichun; Zhang, Yange; Liu, Wei; Liu, C. S.

    2018-01-01

    Under nuclear fusion environments, displacement damage in tungsten (W) is usually caused by neutrons irradiation through producing large quantities of vacancies (Vs) and self-interstitial atoms (SIAs). These defects not only affect the mechanical properties of W, but also act as the trap sites for implanted hydrogen isotopes and helium. Nano-porous (NP) W with a high fraction of free surfaces has been developed to mitigate the radiation damage. However, the mechanism of the surface reducing defects accumulation is not well understood. By using multi-scale simulation methods, we investigated the interaction of the SIA and V with different surfaces on across length and time scales. We found that, at a typical operation temperature of 1000 K, surface (1 1 0) preferentially heals radiation damage of W compared with surface (1 0 0) and boundary (3 1 0). On surface (1 1 0), the diffusion barrier for the SIA is only 0.68 eV. The annihilation of the SIA-V happens via the coupled motion of the V segregation towards the surface from the bulk and the two-dimensional diffusion of the SIA on the surface. Such mechanism makes the surface (1 1 0) owe better healing capability. On surface (1 0 0), the diffusion energy barrier for the SIA is 2.48 eV, higher than the diffusion energy barrier of the V in bulk. The annihilation of the SIA-V occurs via the V segregation and recombination. The SIA was found to migrate one-dimensionally along a boundary (3 1 0) with a barrier of 0.21 eV, leading to a lower healing efficiency in the boundary. This study suggested that the on-surface process plays an important role in healing radiation damage of NP W in addition to surface-enhanced diffusion and annihilation near the surface. A certain surface structure renders nano-structured W more radiation-tolerant.

  18. Francesco Cattani – Luca Raimondi (eds.), Ombre. Quaderni di Synapsis X

    OpenAIRE

    Rossini, Gianluigi

    2013-01-01

    Arrivano alla decima uscita, con un nuovo editore, i Quaderni di Synapsis, collana che raccoglie gli atti della Scuola Europea di Letterature Comparate fondata da Roberto Bigazzi, Laura Caretti e Remo Ceserani. Il volume comprende sia alcune delle conferenze tenute da affermati studiosi nel corso della settimana dei lavori (svoltasi presso il Centro Residenziale Universitario di Bertinoro, dal 6 al 13 settembre 2009) sia una selezione dei progetti di ricerca concepiti dagli studenti a partire...

  19. Strategie della conoscenza nella riflessione di Guglielmo di S. ThierryAmor incapibilem capit, incomprehensibilem comprehendit

    OpenAIRE

    Rossini, Marco

    2008-01-01

    Il problema della visio Dei: si intende comprendere cosa Dio sia, non chi sia. Fondamentale è l'analogia con la struttura della conoscenza sensibile, caratterizzata dall'identificazione fra soggetto conoscente e oggetto conosciuto. L'amore, inteso come sensus animae, opera per mezzo di una conoscenza identificante attraverso una modificazione del sentimento, anche se con una fondamentale differenza rispetto agli altri sensi, in quanto essenzialmente caratterizzato dalla libertà. La declinazio...

  20. Caratterizzazione biomolecolare di Clostridi isolati da latte e formaggi

    OpenAIRE

    Demarco, Fabiana

    2006-01-01

    Il latte è una miscela complessa di sostanze di notevole importanza biologica e nutrizionale (proteime, grassi, lattosio, vitamine, sali, etc.) e costituisce, da solo un sistema dietetico bilanciato e capace di favorire la moltiplicazione della flora intestinale simbiotica. E’ ampiamente utilizzato sia tal quale nella preparazione del cibo, sia trasformato, da solo, o in combinazione con altri alimenti. Il formaggio, che rappresenta il più antico e valido metodo conosciuto dall’uomo per co...

  1. Composizione e dinamiche della microflora in differenti ecosistemi caseari

    OpenAIRE

    Santarelli, Marcela

    2012-01-01

    Il formaggio è un cibo biologicamente e biochimicamente dinamico contenente microorganismi sia intenzionalmente aggiunti come colture starter sia presenti come contaminanti avventizi di natura non-starter. La composizione della popolazione microbica si modifica sotto l’influenza di continui cambiamenti delle condizioni ambientali e delle interazioni tra i microorganismi durante la produzione e la stagionatura. Nel processo produttivo del formaggio, la selezione di parametri tecnologici pu...

  2. A “novel site”: Carmen Covito, writing, literature and technology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'Internet cambia l'idea del libro e pone allo scrittore nuovi orizzonti di lettori prima impensabili. Carmen Covito è fra i primi scrittori italiani ad avere un proprio sito web. Le sue varie iniziative in internet hanno destato l'attenzione sia di critici culturali e letterari sia del grande pubblico. Tramite l'analisi di alcuni scritti di Covito ...

  3. The Impact of Nonlocal Ammonia on Submicron Particulate Matter and Visibility Degradation in Urban Shanghai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roeland Cornelis Jansen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To study the role of submicron particulate matter on visibility degradation in Shanghai, mass concentrations of PM1, secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA in PM1, and SIA precursor gasses were on-line monitored during a 4-week intensive campaign in December 2012. During the campaign, 8 haze periods were identified when on average PM1 mass increased to 62.1 ± 25.6 μg/m3 compared to 30.7 ± 17.1 μg/m3 during clear weather periods. The sum of SIA in PM1 increased in mass concentration during the haze from 14.9 ± 7.4 μg/m3 during clear periods to 29.7 ± 10.7 μg/m3 during the haze periods. Correlation coefficients (R2 of the visibility as function of mass concentrations of SIA species in PM1 show negative exponential relations implying the importance of the SIA species in visibility reduction. The important role of ammonia in SIA formation is recognized and demonstrated. Generally, ammonium neutralizes sulfate and nitrate and the molar equivalent ratio of ammonium versus the sum of sulfate and nitrate increases during the haze episodes. Air mass backward trajectories introducing the haze periods show the impact of nonlocal ammonia on visibility degradation in Shanghai.

  4. Effects of polio eradication activities on routine immunization: lessons from the 2013 outbreak response in Somali region of Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tafesse, Belete; Tekle, Ephrem; Wondwossen, Liya; Bogale, Mengistu; Fiona, Braka; Nsubuga, Peter; Tomas, Karengera; Kassahun, Aron; Kathleen, Gallagher; Teka, Aschalew

    2017-01-01

    Ethiopia experienced several WPV importations with a total of 10 WPV1 cases confirmed during the 2013 outbreak alone before it is closed in 2015. We evaluated supplemental immunization activities (SIAs), including lessons learned for their effect on the routine immunization program during the 2013 polio outbreak in Somali regional state. We used descriptive study to review documents and analyse routine health information system reports from the polio outbreak affected Somali regional state. All data and technical reports of the 15 rounds of polio SIAs from June 2013 through June 2015 and routine immunization coverages for DPT-Hib-HepB 3 and measles were observed. More than 93% of the SIAs were having administrative coverage above 95%. The trend of routine immunization for the two antigens, over the five years (2011 through 2015) did not show a consistent pattern against the number of SIAs. Documentations showed qualitative positive impacts of the SIAs strengthening the routine immunization during all courses of the campaigns. The quantitative impact of polio SIAs on routine immunization remained not so impressive in this study. Clear planning, data consistencies and completeness issues need to be cleared for the impact assessment in quantitative terms, in polio legacy planning as well as for the introduction of injectable polio vaccine through the routine immunization.

  5. Social interaction anxiety and personality traits predicting engagement in health risk sexual behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahm-Knigge, Ryan L; Prince, Mark A; Conner, Bradley T

    2018-06-01

    Individuals with social interaction anxiety, a facet of social anxiety disorder, withdraw from or avoid social encounters and generally avoid risks. However, a subset engages in health risk sexual behavior (HRSB). Because sensation seeking, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity predict engagement in HRSB among adolescents and young adults, the present study hypothesized that latent classes of social interaction anxiety and these personality traits would differentially predict likelihood of engagement in HRSB. Finite mixture modeling was used to discern four classes: two low social interaction anxiety classes distinguished by facets of emotion dysregulation, positive urgency, and negative urgency (Low SIAS High Urgency and Low SIAS Low Urgency) and two high social interaction anxiety classes distinguished by positive urgency, negative urgency, risk seeking, and facets of emotion dysregulation (High SIAS High Urgency and High SIAS Low Urgency). HRSB were entered into the model as auxiliary distal outcomes. Of importance to this study were findings that the High SIAS High Urgency class was more likely to engage in most identified HRSB than the High SIAS Low Urgency class. This study extends previous findings on the heterogeneity of social interaction anxiety by identifying the effects of social interaction anxiety and personality on engagement in HRSB. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Stable isotopes and elasmobranchs: tissue types, methods, applications and assumptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussey, N E; MacNeil, M A; Olin, J A; McMeans, B C; Kinney, M J; Chapman, D D; Fisk, A T

    2012-04-01

    Stable-isotope analysis (SIA) can act as a powerful ecological tracer with which to examine diet, trophic position and movement, as well as more complex questions pertaining to community dynamics and feeding strategies or behaviour among aquatic organisms. With major advances in the understanding of the methodological approaches and assumptions of SIA through dedicated experimental work in the broader literature coupled with the inherent difficulty of studying typically large, highly mobile marine predators, SIA is increasingly being used to investigate the ecology of elasmobranchs (sharks, skates and rays). Here, the current state of SIA in elasmobranchs is reviewed, focusing on available tissues for analysis, methodological issues relating to the effects of lipid extraction and urea, the experimental dynamics of isotopic incorporation, diet-tissue discrimination factors, estimating trophic position, diet and mixing models and individual specialization and niche-width analyses. These areas are discussed in terms of assumptions made when applying SIA to the study of elasmobranch ecology and the requirement that investigators standardize analytical approaches. Recommendations are made for future SIA experimental work that would improve understanding of stable-isotope dynamics and advance their application in the study of sharks, skates and rays. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Fish Biology © 2012 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

  7. Pendekatan Conjoint Analysis untuk Mengukur Tingkat Preferensi Mahasiswa terhadap Layanan Sistem Informasi Akademik di UIN Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epha Diana Supandi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology (IT represent one of main indicator to support the academic atmosphere at the university. Therefore UIN Sunan Kalijaga (Suka Yogyakarta has owned sistem information technology and it is called Academic Information System (SIA. UIN Suka shall has knowledge preference and perception of consumer to the service, which is like what required by consumer. By using Conjoint Analysis method would have been obtained combination from level-level factor (stimuly took a fancy by consumer according to value of highest utility from every level factor.  The objective of this research is to measure preference level of consumers (students to the SIA services in UIN Suka used Conjoint Analysis method. The result shows that the most important factor in using SIA service is the benefit (importance value is 66,623%, the second important factor is accesibility of SIA ( importance value is 19,227% and the last important is ability of staff  (importance value is 14,15%. According to value of utility estimate, it shows that consumers like to use SIA for key in courses (utility estimate is 2,104, online service (utility estimate is 0,577 and SIA staff who are very friendly when they were servicing the students (utility estimate is 0,210.

  8. Analysis of labour risks in the Spanish industrial aerospace sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUAN LAGUARDIA

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Labour risk prevention is an activity integrated within Safety and Hygiene at Work in Spain. In 2003, the Electronic Declaration for Accidents at Work, Delt@ (DELTA was introduced. The industrial aerospace sector is subject to various risks. Our objective is to analyse the Spanish Industrial Aerospace Sector (SIAS using the ACSOM methodology to assess its labour risks and to prioritise preventive actions. The SIAS and the Services Subsector (SS were created and the relevant accident rate data were obtained. The ACSOM method was applied through double contrast (deviation and translocation of the SIAS or SS risk polygon with the considered pattern, accidents from all sectors (ACSOM G or the SIAS. A list of risks was obtained, ordered by action phases. In the SIAS vs. ACSOM G analysis, radiation risks were the worst, followed by overstrains. Accidents caused by living beings were also significant in the SS vs. SIAE, which will be able to be used to improve Risk Prevention. Radiation is the most significant risk in the SIAS and the SS. Preventive actions will be primary and secondary. ACSOM has shown itself to be a valid tool for the analysis of labour risks.

  9. Analysis of labour risks in the Spanish industrial aerospace sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laguardia, Juan; Rubio, Emilio; Garcia, Ana; Garcia-Foncillas, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Labour risk prevention is an activity integrated within Safety and Hygiene at Work in Spain. In 2003, the Electronic Declaration for Accidents at Work, Delt@ (DELTA) was introduced. The industrial aerospace sector is subject to various risks. Our objective is to analyse the Spanish Industrial Aerospace Sector (SIAS) using the ACSOM methodology to assess its labour risks and to prioritise preventive actions. The SIAS and the Services Subsector (SS) were created and the relevant accident rate data were obtained. The ACSOM method was applied through double contrast (deviation and translocation) of the SIAS or SS risk polygon with the considered pattern, accidents from all sectors (ACSOM G) or the SIAS. A list of risks was obtained, ordered by action phases. In the SIAS vs. ACSOM G analysis, radiation risks were the worst, followed by overstrains. Accidents caused by living beings were also significant in the SS vs. SIAE, which will be able to be used to improve Risk Prevention. Radiation is the most significant risk in the SIAS and the SS. Preventive actions will be primary and secondary. ACSOM has shown itself to be a valid tool for the analysis of labour risks.

  10. Generalized Rate Theory for Void and Bubble Swelling and its Application to Delta-Plutonium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, P. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Wall, M. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Wolfer, W. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-10-04

    A rate theory for void and bubble swelling is derived that allows both vacancies and self-interstitial atoms to be generated by thermal activation at all sinks. In addition, they can also be produced by displacement damage from external and internal radiation. This generalized rate theory (GRT) is applied to swelling of gallium-stabilized δ-plutonium in which α-decay causes the displacement damage. Since the helium atoms produced also become trapped in vacancies, a distinction is made between empty and occupied vacancies. The growth of helium bubbles observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in weapons-grade and in material enriched with Pu238 is analyzed, using different values for the formation energy of self-interstitial atoms (SIA) and two different sets of relaxation volumes for the vacancy and for the SIA. One set allows preferential capture of SIA at dislocations, while the other set gives equal preference to both vacancy and SIA. It is found that the helium bubble diameters observed are in better agreement with GRT predictions if no preferential capture occurs at dislocations. Therefore, helium bubbles in δ-plutonium will not evolve into voids. The helium density within the bubbles remains sufficiently high to cause thermal emission of SIA. Based on a helium density between two to three helium atoms per vacant site, the sum of formation and migration energies must be around 2.0 eV for SIA in δ-plutonium.

  11. Isa-ema maa : [luuletused] / Leelo Tungal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tungal, Leelo, 1947-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu: Isa-ema maa ; Vahetund ; Päkapikk võis näha ; Kodune jutt ; Koeruse mõõt ; mütsid ; Loomade laul ; Igal sügisel ; Väike jõulusoov ; Millal tuled, jõuluvana ; Paharet ; Suur õun ; Teiste laste mänguasjad ; Oi heldeke! ; Tere-tere ; Kui ma ... ; Magus tähestik ; Pluss ja miinus ; Pinalis ; Esimese klassi õpilane ; Teise klassi õpilane ; Miks on kana vana? ; Hommik ; Seitsme maa ja mere taga ; Köha pere ; Harjad ; Täna sügist mängib suvi ; Toas ; Laps jäi voodis magama ; Klassivennad ; Talvehommik ; Siili elu ; Hiirehernesupp ; Hundi lugemine ; Karu ärkamine ; Unelaul ; Salajutt ; Kooli eel ; Laiskvorsti elu ; Kindel plaan ; Oma kohal ; Puhkama ; Vana vahva lasteaed ; Sama laps ; Tüli

  12. Uus sünagoog pani juudid tantsima / Peeter Kuimet, Kaia Otti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuimet, Peeter

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Karu tänaval avati 16. mail 2007 uus juudi sünagoog, avamistseremoonial viibisid Iisraeli asepeaminister Shimon Peres, Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, peaminister Andrus Ansip, Venemaa pearabi Berl Lazar, Iisraeli pearabi Yona Metzger ja sünagoogi suurrahastaja Aleksander Bronshtein. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves viitas oma kõnes paralleelidele eestlaste ja juutide ajaloos. Vt. samas: Juutide usk, kombed ja toit; Sünagoogi avamist kommenteerivad meediaõppejõud Hagi Shein, dirigent Eri Klas. Vt. samas: Peres: elevantide keskel on väikestel raske magada. Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 17. mai 2007, lk. 2; Narvskaja Gazeta, 19. mai 2007, lk. 6 (autor Ksenia Repson)

  13. Engineered antibodies for monitoring of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karu, A.E.; Li, Q.X.; Roberts, V.A.

    1998-01-01

    'The long-term goal of this project is to develop antibodies and antibody-based methods for detection and recovery of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH adducts that are potential biomarkers in environmental and biological samples. The inherent cross-reactivity will be exploited by pattern recognition methods. Dr. Karu''s laboratory uses new haptens representing key PAHs to derive recombinant Fab (rFab) and single-chain Fv (scFv) antibodies from hybridoma lines and combinatorial phage display libraries. Computational models of the haptens and combining sites made by Dr. Roberts''s group are used to guide antibody engineering by mutagenesis. Dr. Li''s laboratory develops enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), sensors, and immunoaffinity methods that make use of the novel haptens and antibodies for practical analytical applications in support of DOE''s mission. This report summarizes work completed in one and one-half years of a 3-year project, with close collaboration between the three research groups. Dr. Alexander Karu''s laboratory: the authors proceeded with the two strategies described in the original proposal. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to correct differences in the rFab N-terminal amino acids that were introduced by the degenerate PCR primers used for gene amplification. The binding constants of the rFabs with the corrected sequences will be compared with those of the parent MAbs, and should be very similar. The 4D5 and 10C10 heavy and light chain sequences are being moved to the pCOMB3H phagemid vector to facilitate selection of new engineered mutants.'

  14. Expression of polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecules on adult stem cells after neuronal differentiation of inner ear spiral ganglion neurons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Kyoung Ho [Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yeo, Sang Won, E-mail: swyeo@catholic.ac.kr [Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Troy, Frederic A., E-mail: fatroy@ucdavis.edu [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of California, School of Medicine, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Xiamen University, School of Medicine, Xiamen City (China)

    2014-10-17

    Highlights: • PolySia expressed on neurons primarily during early stages of neuronal development. • PolySia–NCAM is expressed on neural stem cells from adult guinea pig spiral ganglion. • PolySia is a biomarker that modulates neuronal differentiation in inner ear stem cells. - Abstract: During brain development, polysialylated (polySia) neural cell adhesion molecules (polySia–NCAMs) modulate cell–cell adhesive interactions involved in synaptogenesis, neural plasticity, myelination, and neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation. Our findings show that polySia–NCAM is expressed on NSC isolated from adult guinea pig spiral ganglion (GPSG), and in neurons and Schwann cells after differentiation of the NSC with epidermal, glia, fibroblast growth factors (GFs) and neurotrophins. These differentiated cells were immunoreactive with mAb’s to polySia, NCAM, β-III tubulin, nestin, S-100 and stained with BrdU. NSC could regenerate and be differentiated into neurons and Schwann cells. We conclude: (1) polySia is expressed on NSC isolated from adult GPSG and on neurons and Schwann cells differentiated from these NSC; (2) polySia is expressed on neurons primarily during the early stage of neuronal development and is expressed on Schwann cells at points of cell–cell contact; (3) polySia is a functional biomarker that modulates neuronal differentiation in inner ear stem cells. These new findings suggest that replacement of defective cells in the inner ear of hearing impaired patients using adult spiral ganglion neurons may offer potential hope to improve the quality of life for patients with auditory dysfunction and impaired hearing disorders.

  15. Expression of polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecules on adult stem cells after neuronal differentiation of inner ear spiral ganglion neurons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Kyoung Ho; Yeo, Sang Won; Troy, Frederic A.

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • PolySia expressed on neurons primarily during early stages of neuronal development. • PolySia–NCAM is expressed on neural stem cells from adult guinea pig spiral ganglion. • PolySia is a biomarker that modulates neuronal differentiation in inner ear stem cells. - Abstract: During brain development, polysialylated (polySia) neural cell adhesion molecules (polySia–NCAMs) modulate cell–cell adhesive interactions involved in synaptogenesis, neural plasticity, myelination, and neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation. Our findings show that polySia–NCAM is expressed on NSC isolated from adult guinea pig spiral ganglion (GPSG), and in neurons and Schwann cells after differentiation of the NSC with epidermal, glia, fibroblast growth factors (GFs) and neurotrophins. These differentiated cells were immunoreactive with mAb’s to polySia, NCAM, β-III tubulin, nestin, S-100 and stained with BrdU. NSC could regenerate and be differentiated into neurons and Schwann cells. We conclude: (1) polySia is expressed on NSC isolated from adult GPSG and on neurons and Schwann cells differentiated from these NSC; (2) polySia is expressed on neurons primarily during the early stage of neuronal development and is expressed on Schwann cells at points of cell–cell contact; (3) polySia is a functional biomarker that modulates neuronal differentiation in inner ear stem cells. These new findings suggest that replacement of defective cells in the inner ear of hearing impaired patients using adult spiral ganglion neurons may offer potential hope to improve the quality of life for patients with auditory dysfunction and impaired hearing disorders

  16. Internal friction measurements of Mo after low-temperature proton irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanimoto, H.; Mizubayashi, H.; Masuda, R.; Okuda, S.; Tagishi, Y.

    1992-01-01

    Internal friction measurements are performed in Mo after 20 MeV proton irradiation in order to clarify the behavior of self-interstitial atoms (SIA's) in Mo. In the low dose range, strong dislocation pinning suggesting the free migration of defects is observed at about 40 K and weak pinning at about 25 K. The features are very similar to those reported after neutron irradiation except that the 25 K pinning is much smaller after proton irradiation. The result suggests that the migration of free SIA's is responsible for the 40 K pinning and that of SIA-defect clusters, probably di-SIA's, formed during irradiation for the 25 K pinning. In the high dose range, the relaxation peaks are observed at about 13 and 41 K, where the close similarities are found between the present peaks and the corresponding peaks reported after neutron irradiation except that the peak height of the 41 K peak per unit concentration of Frenkel pairs (FP) tends to increase strongly with decreasing dose here. The latter fact suggests the strong interaction between SIA's. Then the smallness of the 41 K peak reported after electron irradiation with very high dose could be explained by an increased interaction between SIA's, but not by the two-dimensional migration of SIA's as proposed by Jacques and Robrock. Deformation given prior to irradiation causes a drastic decrease in the modulus defects associated with FP's (so-called bulk effect) and in the 13 K peak height. After neutron irradiation, no such effect of deformation was reported. A possible origin for this difference is discussed. (orig.)

  17. Production bias and void swelling in the transient regime under cascade damage conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, B.N.; Foreman, A.J.E.

    1992-01-01

    Molecular dynamics (MD) studies of collision cascades have firmly established that, in addition to clusters of vacancies, clusters of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) are formed within the cascade volume during the thermal spike phase of a cascade. These clusters are formed in a segregated fashion such that the vacancy-rich core is surrounded by SIA clusters. At temperatures above stage V the vacancies evaporate from the vacancy cluster and diffuse into the medium whereas the SIA clusters remain thermally stable at temperatures even above the peak swelling temperature. This asymmetry in the production of free and mobile vacancies and SIAs gives rise to a production bias. Some of the vacancies evaporating from the vacancy-rich core annihilate at the SIA clusters surrounding it and others escape into the medium. It is this escaping fraction of vacancies which determines the strength of the production bias. Diffusion calculations have been performed to estimate the magnitude of this escaping fraction of vacancies. The necessary cascade parameters for this calculation are obtained from MD simulation experiments. Almost 80% of vacancies retained in the vacancy-rich core of a 20 keV cascade are found to escape the cascade volume containing SIA clusters. We have taken this escape rate to be effective vacancy production rate in the medium and calculated the temporal evolution of SIA clusters, void size and swelling for fully annealed pure copper under neutron irradiation at 523 K. The general trends of the calculated swelling behaviour are found to be in agreement with experimental results. The present calculations provide further validity and support to the concept of production bias. (Author)

  18. Social impact assessment in mining projects in Northern Finland: Comparing practice to theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suopajärvi, Leena, E-mail: leena.suopajarvi@ulapland.fi

    2013-09-15

    The paper discusses social impact assessments (SIA) for mining projects in light of the international principles and guidelines for such assessments and the academic literature in the field. The data consist of environmental impact assessment (EIA) programmes and reports for six mining projects that have started up in northern Finland in the 2000s. A first observation is that the role of the SIAs in the EIA programmes and reports studied was quite minor: measured in number of pages, the assessments account for three or four percent of the total. This study analyses the data collection, research methodology and conceptual premises used in the SIAs. It concludes that the assessments do not fully meet the high standards of the international principles and guidelines set out for them: for example, elderly men are over-represented in the data and no efforts were made to identify and bring to the fore vulnerable groups. Moreover, the reliability of the assessments is difficult to gauge, because the qualitative methods are not described and where quantitative methods were used, details such as non-response rates to questionnaires are not discussed. At the end of the paper, the SIAs are discussed in terms of Jürgen Habermas' theory of knowledge interests, with the conclusion that the assessments continue the empirical analytical tradition of the social sciences and exhibit a technical knowledge interest. -- Highlights: • Paper investigates social impact assessments in Finnish mining projects. • Role of social impact assessment is minor in whole EIA-process. • Mining SIAs give the voice for elderly men, vulnerable groups are not identified. • Assessment of SIAs is difficult because of lacking transparency in reporting. • SIAs belong to empirical analytical tradition with technical knowledge interest.

  19. Social impact assessment in mining projects in Northern Finland: Comparing practice to theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suopajärvi, Leena

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses social impact assessments (SIA) for mining projects in light of the international principles and guidelines for such assessments and the academic literature in the field. The data consist of environmental impact assessment (EIA) programmes and reports for six mining projects that have started up in northern Finland in the 2000s. A first observation is that the role of the SIAs in the EIA programmes and reports studied was quite minor: measured in number of pages, the assessments account for three or four percent of the total. This study analyses the data collection, research methodology and conceptual premises used in the SIAs. It concludes that the assessments do not fully meet the high standards of the international principles and guidelines set out for them: for example, elderly men are over-represented in the data and no efforts were made to identify and bring to the fore vulnerable groups. Moreover, the reliability of the assessments is difficult to gauge, because the qualitative methods are not described and where quantitative methods were used, details such as non-response rates to questionnaires are not discussed. At the end of the paper, the SIAs are discussed in terms of Jürgen Habermas' theory of knowledge interests, with the conclusion that the assessments continue the empirical analytical tradition of the social sciences and exhibit a technical knowledge interest. -- Highlights: • Paper investigates social impact assessments in Finnish mining projects. • Role of social impact assessment is minor in whole EIA-process. • Mining SIAs give the voice for elderly men, vulnerable groups are not identified. • Assessment of SIAs is difficult because of lacking transparency in reporting. • SIAs belong to empirical analytical tradition with technical knowledge interest

  20. Doppler Ultrasonography in Suspected Subclavian Artery Obstruction and in Patient Monitoring after Subclavian Stenting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kablak-Ziembicka, Anna; Przewlocki, Tadeusz; Pieniazek, Piotr; Musialek, Piotr; Kozanecki, Artur; Stopa, Ireneusz; Zalewski, Jaroslaw; Tracz, Wieslawa

    2007-01-01

    Purpose. Subclavian or innominate artery (SIA) stenosis affects up to 5% of patients referred to coronary bypass grafting; it is symptomatic in less than half of these. This study aimed to assess the Doppler ultrasonography (DU) findings in SIA obstruction and patients' follow-up after percutaneous angioplasty (PTA). Methods. The study enrolled 118 patients (68 men, 50 women), aged 61.3 ± 8.7 years, with suspected SIA obstruction, in whom peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the SIA and subclavian steal grade were assessed on DU and verified by quantitative angiography (QA). Serial follow-up DU was performed in patients treated with PTA. Results. Grade I-III of subclavian steal from the vertebral artery (VA) was found in 89.8% of patients. In the remaining 10.2% only a PSV increase in the SIA was observed. QA confirmed the presence of SIA obstruction in all patients (stenosis grade: 80.9 ± 17.3%). In patients with one-sided SIA obstruction, the ultrasonographic steal grade correlated with the QA stenosis grade (p < 0.001, r = 0.648). Lack of subclavian steal was noted in the case of distal subclavian stenosis, VA obstruction, VA originating from the aortic arch, and bilateral SIA obstruction. Successful PTA was performed in 77 of 83 patients referred to that procedure. PSV was reduced from 4.4 ± 1.2 (2.2-6.5) m/sec to 1.34 ± 0.51 (0.5-2.5) m/sec and flow in the VA was normalized. During the mean follow-up time of 24.7 ± 15.6 months, there was a gradual increase in the in-stent PSV as well as gradual VA flow alterations, resulting in symptom recurrence. More than a twofold PSV increase, compared with the post-PTA values, was an indicator of restenosis in 11 of 12 patients. Conclusions. Careful DU evaluation enables the recognition of SIA obstruction in all patients. Ninety percent of them have subclavian steal correlating with the stenosis grade. Restenosis can be reliably detected with DU based on in-stent PSV and VA flow alterations

  1. Development of a simple and efficient method for assaying cytidine monophosphate sialic acid synthetase activity using an enzymatic reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide converting system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Akiko; Sato, Chihiro; Münster-Kühnel, Anja-K; Gerardy-Schahn, Rita; Kitajima, Ken

    2005-02-01

    A new reliable method to assay the activity of cytidine monophosphate sialic acid (CMP-Sia) synthetase (CSS) has been developed. The activation of sialic acids (Sia) to CMP-Sia is a prerequisite for the de novo synthesis of sialoglycoconjugates. In vertebrates, CSS has been cloned from human, mouse, and rainbow trout, and the crystal structure has been resolved for the mouse enzyme. The mouse and rainbow trout enzyme have been compared with respect to substrate specificity, demonstrating that the mouse enzyme exhibits a pronounced specificity for N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac), while the rainbow trout CSS is equally active with either of three Sia species, Neu5Ac, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), and deaminoneuraminic acid (KDN). However, molecular details that explain the pronounced substrate specificities are unknown. Understanding the catalytic mechanisms of these enzymes is of major importance, since CSSs play crucial roles in cellular sialylation patterns and thus are potential drug targets in a number of pathophysiological situations. The availability of the cDNAs and the obtained structural data enable rational approaches; however, these efforts are limited by the lack of a reliable high-throughput assay system. Here we describe a new assay system that allows product quantification in a reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-dependent color reaction. The activation reaction catalyzed by CSS, CTP+Sia-->CMP-Sia+pyrophosphate, was evaluated by a consumption of Sia, which corresponds to that of NADH on the following two successive reactions: (i) Sia-->pyruvate+ManNAc (or Man), catalyzed by a sialic acid lyase (SAL), and (ii) pyruvate+NADH-->lactate+oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), catalyzed by a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Consumption of NADH can be photometrically monitored on a microtiter plate reader for a number of test samples at the same time. Furthermore, based on the quantification of CSS used in the SAL/LDH assay

  2. Rilievo terrestre dell’ambiente urbano con tecnologie a scansione: un test sulla città-industria di Dalmine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Colombo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Il patrimonio edilizio urbano è un bene che caratterizza l’identità dell’uomo che con esso ha vissuto; la conoscenza della realtà originaria, la conservazione e valorizzazione nel tempo comportano interventi di tipo documentale che possono interessare sia gli aspetti costruttivi degli edifici, connessi a dimensioni e geo-localizzazione, sia quelli legati alla forma urbana, sia ancora altri più specifici di tipo storico-artistico e materico. Le nuove tecnologie laser di misura terrestre, integrate da sensori di posizionamento e fotografici, consentono di rilevare in tempi ridotti e di rappresentare anche spazialmente sia singole unità edilizie sia interi insediamenti urbani. Le grandi quantità di dati acquisiti costituiscono un arricchimento della conoscenza geometrica di base, fornita in genere da rappresentazioni cartografiche “vettoriali o raster”. Il lavoro descrive un test di scansione laser, statica e cinematica, avviato sul territorio di Dalmine (Bergamo nell’ambito di un programma di interventi comunali di tutela paesaggistica, conservazione dei caratteri costruttivi e valorizzazione degli insediamenti storici della città, realizzati negli anni venti del secolo scorso e identificativi del suo passato di città-industria. L’approccio al rilievo tende altresì a validare una procedura operativa, basata su componenti tecnologiche innovative, semplice, sufficientemente economica e convenientemente applicabile all’indagine su aree urbane.

  3. Surgically induced astigmatism after phacoemulsification with and without correction for posture-related ocular cyclotorsion: randomized controlled study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dooley, Ian

    2012-02-01

    PURPOSE: To report the impact of posture-related ocular cyclotorsion on one surgeon\\'s surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) results and the variance in SIA. SETTING: Institute of Eye Surgery, Whitfield Clinic, Waterford, Ireland. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included eyes that had phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. Eyes were randomly assigned to have (intervention group) or not have (control group) correction for posture-related ocular cyclotorsion. In the intervention group, the clear corneal incision was placed precisely at the 120-degree meridian with instruments designed to correct posture-related ocular cyclotorsion. In the control group, the surgeon endeavored to place the incision at the 120-degree meridian, but without markings. RESULTS: The intervention group comprised 41 eyes and the control group, 61 eyes. The mean absolute SIA was 0.74 diopters (D) in the intervention group and 0.78 D in the control group; the difference between groups was not statistically significant (P>.5, unpaired 2-tailed Student t test). The variance in SIA was 0.29 D(2) and 0.31 D(2), respectively; the difference between groups was not statistically significant (P>.5, unpaired F test). CONCLUSIONS: Attempts to correct for posture-related ocular cyclotorsion did not influence SIA or its variance in a single-surgeon series. These results should be interpreted with full appreciation of the limitations of currently available techniques to correct for posture-related ocular cyclotorsion in the clinical setting.

  4. A general treatment of one- to three-dimensional diffusion reaction kinetics of interstitial clusters: Implications for the evolution of voids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trinkaus, H.; Singh, B.N.; Golubov, S.I.

    2008-05-01

    In recent years, it has been shown that a number of striking features in the microstructural evolution occurring in metals under cascade damage generating irradiation (e.g. enhanced swelling near grain boundaries, decoration of dislocations with SIA loops, saturation of void growth and void lattice formation) can be rationalised in terms of intra-cascade clustering of vacancies and self-interstitial atoms (SIAs), differences in the thermal stability and mobility of the resulting clusters and one-dimensional (1D) glide diffusion of SIA clusters ('production bias model'). The 1D diffusion of SIA clusters is generally disturbed by changes between equivalent 1D diffusion paths and by transversal diffusion by self-climb, resulting in diffusion reaction kinetics between the 1D and 3D limiting cases. In this paper, a general treatment of such kinetics operating in systems containing random distributions of sinks is presented. The complicated partial sink strengths of different components of the system for the annihilation of SIA clusters are expressed by those for the simple 1D and 3D limiting cases. The effects of direction changes and transversal diffusion are first considered separately and are then combined. The significance of the present treatment for damage accumulation under cascade damage conditions is illustrated by applying it to the discussion of void growth characteristics, particularly of the conditions for saturation of void growth. (au)

  5. A general treatment of one- to three-dimensional diffusion reaction kinetics of interstitial clusters: Implications for the evolution of voids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trinkaus, H. (Inst. Festkoerperforschung, Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)); Singh, B.N. (Risoe DTU, Roskilde (Denmark)); Golubov, S.I. (Oak Ridge National Lab., Materials Science and Technology Div., TN (United States))

    2008-05-15

    In recent years, it has been shown that a number of striking features in the microstructural evolution occurring in metals under cascade damage generating irradiation (e.g. enhanced swelling near grain boundaries, decoration of dislocations with SIA loops, saturation of void growth and void lattice formation) can be rationalised in terms of intra-cascade clustering of vacancies and self-interstitial atoms (SIAs), differences in the thermal stability and mobility of the resulting clusters and one-dimensional (1D) glide diffusion of SIA clusters ('production bias model'). The 1D diffusion of SIA clusters is generally disturbed by changes between equivalent 1D diffusion paths and by transversal diffusion by self-climb, resulting in diffusion reaction kinetics between the 1D and 3D limiting cases. In this paper, a general treatment of such kinetics operating in systems containing random distributions of sinks is presented. The complicated partial sink strengths of different components of the system for the annihilation of SIA clusters are expressed by those for the simple 1D and 3D limiting cases. The effects of direction changes and transversal diffusion are first considered separately and are then combined. The significance of the present treatment for damage accumulation under cascade damage conditions is illustrated by applying it to the discussion of void growth characteristics, particularly of the conditions for saturation of void growth. (au)

  6. Putting social impact assessment to the test as a method for implementing responsible tourism practice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCombes, Lucy, E-mail: l.mccombes@leedsbeckett.ac.uk [International Centre for Research in Events, Tourism and Hospitality (ICRETH), Leeds Beckett University, Headingley Campus, Macaulay Hall 103, Leeds LS6 3QS (United Kingdom); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: frank.vanclay@rug.nl [Professor of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700AV Groningen (Netherlands); Evers, Yvette, E-mail: y.evers@tft-earth.org [The Forest Trust, Chemin de Chantavril 2, 1260 Nyon (Switzerland)

    2015-11-15

    The discourse on the social impacts of tourism needs to shift from the current descriptive critique of tourism to considering what can be done in actual practice to embed the management of tourism's social impacts into the existing planning, product development and operational processes of tourism businesses. A pragmatic approach for designing research methodologies, social management systems and initial actions, which is shaped by the real world operational constraints and existing systems used in the tourism industry, is needed. Our pilot study with a small Bulgarian travel company put social impact assessment (SIA) to the test to see if it could provide this desired approach and assist in implementing responsible tourism development practice, especially in small tourism businesses. Our findings showed that our adapted SIA method has value as a practical method for embedding a responsible tourism approach. While there were some challenges, SIA proved to be effective in assisting the staff of our test case tourism business to better understand their social impacts on their local communities and to identify actions to take. - Highlights: • Pragmatic approach is needed for the responsible management of social impacts of tourism. • Our adapted Social impact Assessment (SIA) method has value as a practical method. • SIA can be embedded into tourism businesses existing ‘ways of doing things’. • We identified challenges and ways to improve our method to better suit small tourism business context.

  7. Putting social impact assessment to the test as a method for implementing responsible tourism practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McCombes, Lucy; Vanclay, Frank; Evers, Yvette

    2015-01-01

    The discourse on the social impacts of tourism needs to shift from the current descriptive critique of tourism to considering what can be done in actual practice to embed the management of tourism's social impacts into the existing planning, product development and operational processes of tourism businesses. A pragmatic approach for designing research methodologies, social management systems and initial actions, which is shaped by the real world operational constraints and existing systems used in the tourism industry, is needed. Our pilot study with a small Bulgarian travel company put social impact assessment (SIA) to the test to see if it could provide this desired approach and assist in implementing responsible tourism development practice, especially in small tourism businesses. Our findings showed that our adapted SIA method has value as a practical method for embedding a responsible tourism approach. While there were some challenges, SIA proved to be effective in assisting the staff of our test case tourism business to better understand their social impacts on their local communities and to identify actions to take. - Highlights: • Pragmatic approach is needed for the responsible management of social impacts of tourism. • Our adapted Social impact Assessment (SIA) method has value as a practical method. • SIA can be embedded into tourism businesses existing ‘ways of doing things’. • We identified challenges and ways to improve our method to better suit small tourism business context

  8. Individual Impact of Distinct Polysialic Acid Chain Lengths on the Cytotoxicity of Histone H1, H2A, H2B, H3 and H4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Zlatina

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Neutrophils are able to neutralize pathogens by phagocytosis, by the release of antimicrobial components, as well as by the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs. The latter possibility is a DNA-meshwork mainly consisting of highly concentrated extracellular histones, which are not only toxic for pathogens, but also for endogenous cells triggering several diseases. To reduce the negative outcomes initiated by extracellular histones, different approaches like antibodies against histones, proteases, and the polysaccharide polysialic acid (polySia were discussed. We examined whether each of the individual histones is a binding partner of polySia, and analyzed their respective cytotoxicity in the presence of this linear homopolymer. Interestingly, all of the histones (H1, H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 seem to interact with α2,8-linked sialic acids. However, we observed strong differences regarding the required chain length of polySia to bind histone H1, H2A, H2B, H3, and H4. Moreover, distinct degrees of polymerization were necessary to act as a cytoprotective agent in the presence of the individual histones. In sum, the outlined results described polySia-based strategies to bind and/or to reduce the cytotoxicity of individual histones using distinct polySia chain length settings.

  9. In-situ field-ion microscope study of the recovery behavior of heavy metal ion-irradiated tungsten, tungsten (rhenium) alloys and molybdenum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nielsen, C.H.

    1977-06-01

    Three field ion microscope (FIM) experiments were carried out to study the annealing behavior of heavy ion irradiated tungsten, tungsten (rhenium) alloys and molybdenum. The first experiment dealt with the stage I long-range migration of tungsten self interstitial atoms (SIAs) in high purity tungsten of resistivity ratio, R = 24,000 (R = rho 300 /rho 4 . 2 , where rho 300 and rho 4 . 2 are the room temperature and 0 0 C resistivities). The FIM specimens were irradiated in situ at 18 K with 30 keV W + ions to an average dose of 5 x 10 12 ions cm -2 and subsequently examined by the pulsed-field evaporation technique. The second experiment dealt with the phenomenon of impurity atom trapping of SIAs during long-range migration. It was shown that rhenium atoms in a tungsten matrix tend to capture tungsten SIAs and remain bound up to temperatures as high as 390 K. The final experiment was concerned with the low temperature annealing kinetics of irradiated molybdenum. High purity molybdenum of resistivity ratio R = 5700 was irradiated at 10 K with 30 keV Mo + ions to a dose of approximately 5 x 10 12 ions cm -2 . The results indicated that the electric field has only a minimal effect on the SIA annealing kinetics. This tends to strengthen the contention that the molybdenum SIA becomes mobile at 32 K

  10. Is social isolation/alienation confounded with, and non-independent of, emotional distress in its association with early onset of coronary artery disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketterer, Mark; Rose, Benjamin; Knysz, Walter; Farha, Amjad; Deveshwar, Sangita; Schairer, John; Keteyian, Steven J

    2011-03-01

    Both emotional distress (ED) and social isolation/alienation (SI/A) have been found to prospectively predict adverse cardiac events, but few studies have tested the confounding/redundancy of these measures as correlates/predictors of outcomes. In this study, 163 patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) were interviewed for multiple indices of SI/A and administered the Symptom Checklist 90 - Revised (SCL90R). A spouse or friend provided an independent rating of ED using the spouse/friend version of the Ketterer Stress Symptom Frequency Checklist (KSSFC). The measures of ED and SI/A covaried. All three scales from the KSSFC (depression, anxiety, and "AIAI" - aggravation, irritation, anger, and impatience), and three scales from the SCL90R (anxiety, depression, and psychoticism), were associated with early Age at Initial Diagnosis (AAID) of CAD. Neither three scales derived from the SCL90R (shyness, feeling abused, and feeling lonely) nor the interview indices of SI/A (married, living alone, having a confidant, self description as a lone wolf, and self-description as lonely) were associated with early AAID. Thus, it is concluded that the present results indicate that ED and SI/A are confounded and that, even when tested head-to-head in a multivariate analysis, only ED is associated with AAID.

  11. An MD simulation of interactions between self-interstitial atoms and edge dislocation in bcc transition metals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamiyama, H. (Aomori Public College, 153-4 Yamazaki, Goushi-zawa, Aomori 030-01 (Japan)); Rafii-Tabar, H. (Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980 (Japan)); Kawazoe, Y. (Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980 (Japan)); Matsui, H. (Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980 (Japan))

    1994-09-01

    According to our model on the mechanism of dislocation bias reduction based on the interaction of dumbbell self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) with dislocation, the bias is significantly different depending on the dumbbell configuration in the dislocation strain field. A large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is performed to reveal the stability and the mechanism of diffusion of dumbbell SIAs near the edge dislocation core in bcc iron. Most SIAs take the crowdion configuration parallel to the Burgers vector in the expansion side of the dislocation. Such crowdions are stable in the temperature range of this simulation, i.e. between 373 and 473 K, making one-dimensional random to-and-fro motion parallel to the dislocation Burgers vector staying at several atomic layers below'' the dislocation core. This means that the SIA does not approach the dislocation core. These results suggest that the stable configuration of SIAs is seriously affected by the dislocation resulting in a reduction of bias factor. ((orig.))

  12. An MD simulation of interactions between self-interstitial atoms and edge dislocation in bcc transition metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kamiyama, H.; Rafii-Tabar, H.; Kawazoe, Y.; Matsui, H.

    1994-01-01

    According to our model on the mechanism of dislocation bias reduction based on the interaction of dumbbell self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) with dislocation, the bias is significantly different depending on the dumbbell configuration in the dislocation strain field. A large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is performed to reveal the stability and the mechanism of diffusion of dumbbell SIAs near the edge dislocation core in bcc iron. Most SIAs take the crowdion configuration parallel to the Burgers vector in the expansion side of the dislocation. Such crowdions are stable in the temperature range of this simulation, i.e. between 373 and 473 K, making one-dimensional random to-and-fro motion parallel to the dislocation Burgers vector staying at several atomic layers ''below'' the dislocation core. This means that the SIA does not approach the dislocation core. These results suggest that the stable configuration of SIAs is seriously affected by the dislocation resulting in a reduction of bias factor. ((orig.))

  13. Task analysis and computer aid development for human reliability analysis in nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, W. C.; Kim, H.; Park, H. S.; Choi, H. H.; Moon, J. M.; Heo, J. Y.; Ham, D. H.; Lee, K. K.; Han, B. T. [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejeon (Korea)

    2001-04-01

    Importance of human reliability analysis (HRA) that predicts the error's occurrence possibility in a quantitative and qualitative manners is gradually increased by human errors' effects on the system's safety. HRA needs a task analysis as a virtue step, but extant task analysis techniques have the problem that a collection of information about the situation, which the human error occurs, depends entirely on HRA analyzers. The problem makes results of the task analysis inconsistent and unreliable. To complement such problem, KAERI developed the structural information analysis (SIA) that helps to analyze task's structure and situations systematically. In this study, the SIA method was evaluated by HRA experts, and a prototype computerized supporting system named CASIA (Computer Aid for SIA) was developed for the purpose of supporting to perform HRA using the SIA method. Additionally, through applying the SIA method to emergency operating procedures, we derived generic task types used in emergency and accumulated the analysis results in the database of the CASIA. The CASIA is expected to help HRA analyzers perform the analysis more easily and consistently. If more analyses will be performed and more data will be accumulated to the CASIA's database, HRA analyzers can share freely and spread smoothly his or her analysis experiences, and there by the quality of the HRA analysis will be improved. 35 refs., 38 figs., 25 tabs. (Author)

  14. Comparison of surgically induced astigmatism in various incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jauhari, Nidhi; Chopra, Deepak; Chaurasia, Rajan Kumar; Agarwal, Ashutosh

    2014-01-01

    To determine the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) in Straight, Frown and Inverted V shape (Chevron) incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS). A prospective cross sectional study was done on a total of 75 patients aged 40y and above with senile cataract. The patients were randomly divided into three groups (25 each). Each group received a particular type of incision (Straight, Frown or Inverted V shape incisions). Manual SICS with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was performed. The patients were compared 4wk post operatively for uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and SIA. All calculations were performed using the SIA calculator version 2.1, a free software program. The study was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 statistical analysis software. The study found that 89.5% of patients in Straight incision group, 94.2% in Frown incision group and 95.7% in Inverted V group attained BCVA post-operatively in the range of 6/6 to 6/18. Mean SIA was minimum (-0.88±0.61D×90 degrees) with Inverted V incision which was statistically significant. Inverted V (Chevron) incision gives minimal SIA.

  15. Social impact assessment and public participation in China: A case study of land requisition in Guangzhou

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang Bosin; Wong Siuwai; Lau, Milton Chi-hong

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the current prospects for and obstacles facing the implementation of social impact assessment (SIA) and participatory planning in the People's Republic of China. During the past two decades, rapid urbanisation and the conversion of rural land for urban development have led to numerous social conflicts and tensions between the Chinese government and its people. SIA and public participation in development decisions have received increasing attention from the Chinese authorities as possible ways to tackle the problem. Based on a Guangzhou case study, this paper argues that the assessment and mitigation of adverse impacts on the community from urban development have been carried out with different objectives, core values and principles when compared with those in Western societies. It concludes that the poor prospects of SIA and collaborative planning in China lie not only in the weak framework for environmental legislation, but also in all institutions concerning state-society relations, the socialist governing ideology and traditional Chinese culture

  16. Institutionalizing social impact assessment in Bangladesh resource management: limitations and opportunities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Momtaz, Salim

    2005-01-01

    Consideration of social issues in environmental impact assessment (EIA) of development projects has been an integral part of project cycle since the inception of EIA in Bangladesh in the early 1990s. This paper examines the emergence of social impact assessment (SIA) in Bangladesh environmental management and its institutionalization. It reveals that although SIA does not have a statutory status like EIA, social dimensions are firmly established in donor funded poverty alleviation projects. It is proposed that SIA is given a clear legislative mandate. The Department of Environment (DOE) - the agency that looks after the implementation of EIA on behalf of the government--needs to be strengthened and transparent in order to play a more effective role

  17. Atomistic studies of nucleation of He clusters and bubbles in bcc iron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, L.; Deng, H.Q.; Gao, F.; Heinisch, H.L.; Kurtz, R.J.; Hu, S.Y.; Li, Y.L.; Zu, X.T.

    2013-01-01

    Atomistic simulations of the nucleation of He clusters and bubbles in bcc iron at 800 K have been carried out using the newly developed Fe–Fe interatomic potential, along with Ackland potential for the Fe–Fe interactions. Microstructure changes were analyzed in detail. We found that a He cluster with four He atoms is able to push out an iron interstitial from the cluster, creating a Frenkel pair. Small He clusters and self-interstitial atom (SIA) can migrate in the matrix, but He-vacancy (He-V) clusters are immobile. Most SIAs form clusters, and only the dislocation loops with a Burgers vector of b = 1/2 appear in the simulations. SIA clusters (or loops) are attached to He-V clusters for He implantation up to 1372 appm, while the He-V cluster–loop complexes with more than one He-V cluster are formed at the He concentration of 2057 appm and larger

  18. HT_BIM: La modellazione parametrica per l’analisi del rischio nei centri storici

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assunta Pelliccio

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available I centri storici minori sono dei monumenti d’ambiente da salvaguardare perché vulnerabili sia dal punto di vista sismico che ambientale. La gestione di queste realtà urbane è particolarmente complessa a causa dell’eterogeneità dei dati relativi alle singole unità edilizie, aggregati strutturali e intero ambito urbano. Negli ultimi anni i sistemi parametrici BIM hanno dato un enorme contributo alla progettazione, pianificazione, costruzione etc. di nuovi edifici e anche alla gestione del patrimonio culturale. L’obiettivo di questo lavoro è lo sviluppo del sistema Historical Town Building Information Modeling (HT_BIM, ovvero di un sistema BIM specifico per gli aggregati di edifici storici che, sulla base del rilievo, consente di individuare vulnerabilità legate sia ad aspetti strutturali sia a fenomeni di degrado da vento e soleggiamento.

  19. OBJECT KINETIC MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS OF RADIATION DAMAGE IN BULK TUNGSTEN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nandipati, Giridhar; Setyawan, Wahyu; Heinisch, Howard L.; Roche, Kenneth J.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wirth, Brian D.

    2015-09-22

    We used our recently developed lattice based OKMC code; KSOME [1] to carryout simulations of radiation damage in bulk W. We study the effect of dimensionality of self interstitial atom (SIA) diffusion i.e. 1D versus 3D on the defect accumulation during irradiation with a primary knock-on atom (PKA) energy of 100 keV at 300 K for the dose rates of 10-5 and 10-6 dpa/s. As expected 3D SIA diffusion significantly reduces damage accumulation due to increased probability of recombination events. In addition, dose rate, over the limited range examined here, appears to have no effect in both cases of SIA diffusion.

  20. The dutch social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale: reliability, validity, and clinical utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Beurs, Edwin; Tielen, Deirdre; Wollmann, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS) and the social phobia scale (SPS) assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subscales was good. The concurrent and discriminant validity was supported and the scales were well able to discriminate between patients and community-based respondents. Cut-off values with excellent sensitivity and specificity are presented. Of all self-report measures included, the SPS was the most sensitive for treatment effects. Normative data are provided which can be used to assess whether clinically significant change has occurred in individual patients.

  1. The Dutch Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin de Beurs

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS and the social phobia scale (SPS assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subscales was good. The concurrent and discriminant validity was supported and the scales were well able to discriminate between patients and community-based respondents. Cut-off values with excellent sensitivity and specificity are presented. Of all self-report measures included, the SPS was the most sensitive for treatment effects. Normative data are provided which can be used to assess whether clinically significant change has occurred in individual patients.

  2. Short forms of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fergus, Thomas A; Valentiner, David P; McGrath, Patrick B; Gier-Lonsway, Stephanie L; Kim, Hyun-Soo

    2012-01-01

    Mattick and Clarke's (1998) Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) are commonly used self-report measures that assess 2 dimensions of social anxiety. Given the need for short, readable measures, this research proposes short forms of both scales. Item-level analyses of readability characteristics of the SIAS and SPS items led to the selection of 6 items from each scale for use in the short forms. The SIAS and SPS short forms had reading levels at approximately the 6th and 5th grade level, respectively. Results using nonclinical (Study 1: N = 469) and clinical (Study 2: N = 145) samples identified these short forms as being factorially sound, possessing adequate internal consistency, and having strong convergence with their full-length counterparts. Moreover, these short forms showed convergence with other measures of social anxiety, showed divergence from measures assessing related constructs, and predicted concurrent interpersonal functioning. Recommendations for the use of these short forms are discussed.

  3. Dimensional structure of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale according to the analysis of data obtained with a German version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eidecker, Judith; Glöckner-Rist, Angelika; Gerlach, Alexander L

    2010-08-01

    The Social Interaction and Anxiety Scale (SIAS) is widely used to assess social interaction anxiety. Yet its dimensional structure is still not well-defined. Especially, the conceptual pertinence of three negatively keyed items has been challenged. In this study, dimensionality of the answers of a student sample to a German SIAS version was first analyzed exploratorily. Subsequently, we tested confirmatorily several measurement models specifying different SIAS dimensions, and investigated how these relate to extraversion. The most reasonable model was cross-validated relying on data from healthy controls and social phobia sufferers. All analyses involved methods suited for an adequate handling of ordinal data. The findings confirm that three negatively keyed items are dubious indicators of social interaction anxiety. Thus, only the remaining 17 items should be used for this purpose in future studies. Analyses of their psychometric properties show, in addition, that they apparently tap three different facets of social interaction anxiety. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Lot quality assurance sampling to monitor supplemental immunization activity quality: an essential tool for improving performance in polio endemic countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Alexandra E; Okayasu, Hiromasa; Nzioki, Michael M; Wadood, Mufti Z; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Quddus, Arshad; Walker, George; Sutter, Roland W

    2014-11-01

    Monitoring the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is a key tool for polio eradication. Regular monitoring data, however, are often unreliable, showing high coverage levels in virtually all areas, including those with ongoing virus circulation. To address this challenge, lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was introduced in 2009 as an additional tool to monitor SIA quality. Now used in 8 countries, LQAS provides a number of programmatic benefits: identifying areas of weak coverage quality with statistical reliability, differentiating areas of varying coverage with greater precision, and allowing for trend analysis of campaign quality. LQAS also accommodates changes to survey format, interpretation thresholds, evaluations of sample size, and data collection through mobile phones to improve timeliness of reporting and allow for visualization of campaign quality. LQAS becomes increasingly important to address remaining gaps in SIA quality and help focus resources on high-risk areas to prevent the continued transmission of wild poliovirus. © Crown copyright 2014.

  5. Antecedent causes of a measles resurgence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scobie, Heather Melissa; Ilunga, Benoît Kebela; Mulumba, Audry; Shidi, Calixte; Coulibaly, Tiekoura; Obama, Ricardo; Tamfum, Jean-Jacques Muyembe; Simbu, Elisabeth Pukuta; Smit, Sheilagh Brigitte; Masresha, Balcha; Perry, Robert Tyrrell; Alleman, Mary Margaret; Kretsinger, Katrina; Goodson, James

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Despite accelerated measles control efforts, a massive measles resurgence occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) starting in mid-2010, prompting an investigation into likely causes. Methods We conducted a descriptive epidemiological analysis using measles immunization and surveillance data to understand the causes of the measles resurgence and to develop recommendations for elimination efforts in DRC. Results During 2004-2012, performance indicator targets for case-based surveillance and routine measles vaccination were not met. Estimated coverage with the routine first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) increased from 57% to 73%. Phased supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) were conducted starting in 2002, in some cases with sub-optimal coverage (≤95%). In 2010, SIAs in five of 11 provinces were not implemented as planned, resulting in a prolonged interval between SIAs, and a missed birth cohort in one province. During July 1, 2010-December 30, 2012, high measles attack rates (>100 cases per 100,000 population) occurred in provinces that had estimated MCV1 coverage lower than the national estimate and did not implement planned 2010 SIAs. The majority of confirmed case-patients were aged measles virus strains that were previously identified in the region. Conclusion The resurgence was likely caused by an accumulation of unvaccinated, measles-susceptible children due to low MCV1 coverage and suboptimal SIA implementation. To achieve the regional goal of measles elimination by 2020, efforts are needed in DRC to improve case-based surveillance and increase two-dose measles vaccination coverage through routine services and SIAs. PMID:26401224

  6. Metabolism of vertebrate amino sugars with N-glycolyl groups: resistance of α2-8-linked N-glycolylneuraminic acid to enzymatic cleavage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Leela R L; Pearce, Oliver M T; Tessier, Matthew B; Assar, Siavash; Smutova, Victoria; Pajunen, Maria; Sumida, Mizuki; Sato, Chihiro; Kitajima, Ken; Finne, Jukka; Gagneux, Pascal; Pshezhetsky, Alexey; Woods, Robert; Varki, Ajit

    2012-08-17

    The sialic acid (Sia) N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and its hydroxylated derivative N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) differ by one oxygen atom. CMP-Neu5Gc is synthesized from CMP-Neu5Ac, with Neu5Gc representing a highly variable fraction of total Sias in various tissues and among different species. The exception may be the brain, where Neu5Ac is abundant and Neu5Gc is reported to be rare. Here, we confirm this unusual pattern and its evolutionary conservation in additional samples from various species, concluding that brain Neu5Gc expression has been maintained at extremely low levels over hundreds of millions of years of vertebrate evolution. Most explanations for this pattern do not require maintaining neural Neu5Gc at such low levels. We hypothesized that resistance of α2-8-linked Neu5Gc to vertebrate sialidases is the detrimental effect requiring the relative absence of Neu5Gc from brain. This linkage is prominent in polysialic acid (polySia), a molecule with critical roles in vertebrate neural development. We show that Neu5Gc is incorporated into neural polySia and does not cause in vitro toxicity. Synthetic polymers of Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc showed that mammalian and bacterial sialidases are much less able to hydrolyze α2-8-linked Neu5Gc at the nonreducing terminus. Notably, this difference was not seen with acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of polySias. Molecular dynamics modeling indicates that differences in the three-dimensional conformation of terminal saccharides may partly explain reduced enzymatic activity. In keeping with this, polymers of N-propionylneuraminic acid are sensitive to sialidases. Resistance of Neu5Gc-containing polySia to sialidases provides a potential explanation for the rarity of Neu5Gc in the vertebrate brain.

  7. Integrated package approach in delivering interventions during immunisation campaigns in a complex environment in Papua New Guinea: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vince, John David; Datta, Siddhartha Sankar; Toikilik, Steven; Lagani, William

    2014-08-06

    Papua New Guinea's difficult and varied topography, poor transport infrastructure, changing dynamics of population and economy in recent times and understaffed and poorly financed health service present major challenges for successful delivery of vaccination and other preventative health interventions to both the rural majority and urban populations, thereby posing risks for vaccine preventable disease outbreaks in the country. The country has struggled to meet the vaccination coverage targets required for the eradication of poliomyelitis and elimination of measles. Escalation of inter and intra country migration resulting from major industrial developments, particularly in extraction industries, has substantially increased the risk of infectious disease importation. This case study documents the evolution of immunisation programmes since the introduction of supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs). Single antigen SIAs have advantages and disadvantages. In situations in which the delivery of preventative health interventions is difficult, it is likely that the cost benefit is greater for multiple than for single intervention. The lessons learned from the conduct of single antigen SIAs can be effectively used for programmes delivering multiple SIA antigens, routine immunisations, and other health interventions. This paper describes a successful and cost effective multiple intervention programme in Papua New Guinea. The review of the last SIA in Papua New Guinea showed relatively high coverage of all the interventions and demonstrated the operational feasibility of delivering multiple interventions in resource constrained settings. Studies in other developing countries such as Lesotho and Ethiopia have also successfully integrated health interventions with SIA. In settings such as Papua New Guinea there is a strong case for integrating supplementary immunisation activity with routine immunisation and other health interventions through a comprehensive outreach

  8. Comparing short forms of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carleton, R Nicholas; Thibodeau, Michel A; Weeks, Justin W; Teale Sapach, Michelle J N; McEvoy, Peter M; Horswill, Samantha C; Heimberg, Richard G

    2014-12-01

    The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS; Mattick & Clarke, 1998) are companion scales developed to measure anxiety in social interaction and performance situations, respectively. The measures have strong discriminant and convergent validity; however, their factor structures remain debated, and furthermore, the combined administration length (i.e., 39 items) can be prohibitive for some settings. There have been 4 attempts to assess the factor structures of the scales and reduce the item content: the 14-item Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS; Carleton et al., 2009), the 12-item SIAS-6/SPS-6 (Peters, Sunderland, Andrews, Rapee, & Mattick, 2012), the 21-item abbreviated SIAS/SPS (ASIAS/ASPS; Kupper & Denollet, 2012), and the 12-item Readability SIAS and SPS (RSIAS/RSPS; Fergus, Valentiner, McGrath, Gier-Lonsway, & Kim, 2012). The current study compared the short forms on (a) factor structure, (b) ability to distinguish between clinical and non-clinical populations, (c) sensitivity to change following therapy, and (d) convergent validity with related measures. Participants included 3,607 undergraduate students (55% women) and 283 patients with social anxiety disorder (43% women). Results of confirmatory factor analyses, sensitivity analyses, and correlation analyses support the robust utility of items in the SIPS and the SPS-6 and SIAS-6 relative to the other short forms; furthermore, the SIPS and the SPS-6 and SIAS-6 were also supported by convergent validity analyses within the undergraduate sample. The RSIAS/RSPS and the ASIAS/ASPS were least supported, based on the current results and the principle of parsimony. Accordingly, researchers and clinicians should consider carefully which of the short forms will best suit their needs. (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  9. Blood pressure shifts resulting from a concealed arteriovenous fistula associated with an iliac aneurysm: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doi, Shintaro; Motoyama, Yoshiaki; Ito, Hiromi

    2016-01-01

    A solitary iliac aneurysm (SIA) is more uncommon than an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aneurysm is located in the deep pelvis and is diagnosed when it reaches a large size with symptoms of compression around adjacent structures and organs or when it ruptures. A definite diagnosis of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) associated with a SIA is difficult preoperatively because there might not be enough symptoms and time for diagnosis. Here, we present a patient with asymptomatic rupture of SIA into the common iliac vein with characteristic blood pressure shifts. A 41-year-old man with a huge SIA underwent aortobifemoral graft replacement. Preoperatively, his blood pressure showed characteristic shifts for one or two heartbeats out of five beats, indicating that an AVF was present and that the shunt was about to having a high flow. During surgery, an AVF associated with the SIA was found to be concealed owing to compression from the huge iliac artery aneurysm, and the shunt showed a high flow, resulting in shock during the surgery. No complications were noted after aortobifemoral graft replacement. Postoperatively, we noted an enhanced paravertebral vein on computed tomography (CT), which indicated the presence of an AVF. Definite diagnosis of an AVF offers advantages in surgical and anesthetic management. We emphasize that a large SIA can push the iliac vein and occlude an AVF laceration, concealing the enhancement of the veins in the arterial phase on CT. Blood pressure shifts might predict the existence of a concealed AVF that has a large shunt. Even if the vena cava and the iliac veins are not enhanced on CT, anesthesiologists should carefully determine whether their distal branches are enhanced.

  10. Il ruolo delle infrastrutture nella costruzione e nella percezione del territorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available L’opera di pianificazione del paesaggio non può che passare attraverso la pianificazione delle componenti fisiche del territorio che, oltre agli indubitabili significati ed obiettivi funzionali, sono anche gli elementi costitutivi del paesaggio perché rappresentano le componenti percepibili del territorio medesimo; cosicché la pianificazione paesistica viene ad essere ad un tempo la diretta conseguenza e l’alta motivazione di quella urbanistico-territoriale conferendole motivi, fini e valori elevati.E le infrastrutture sono, come detto, le componenti fisiche primarie dell’antropizzazione del territorio sia in quanto tali, sia in quanto fattore per eccellenza di eventi generanti componenti fisiche.

  11. On-line monitoring of Glucose and penicillin by sequential injection analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Min, R.W.; Nielsen, Jens Bredal; Villadsen, John

    1996-01-01

    and a detector. The glucose analyzer is based on an enzymatic reaction using glucose oxidase, which converts glucose to glucono-lactone with formation of hydrogen peroxide and subsequent detection of H2O2 by a chemiluminescence reaction involving luminol. The penicillin analysis is based on formation......A sequential injection analysis (SIA) system has been developed for on-line monitoring of glucose and penicillin during cultivations of the filamentous fungus Penicillium chrysogenum. The SIA system consists of a peristaltic pump, an injection valve, two piston pumps, two multi-position valves...

  12. Sobre algunos factores prosódicos en pacientes con afasia de Wernicke

    OpenAIRE

    Cabedo Nebot, Adrián

    2009-01-01

    Aquest treball d’investigació pretén fer una comparativa de caràcter descriptiu entre la prosòdia de pacients amb afàsia de Wernicke i la d’altres parlants que no experimenten aquest trastorn del llenguatge. En general, s’intenta observar el comportament idiosincràtic de la parla afàsica davant la no afàsica, sempre tenint en compte que, habitualment, l’afàsia fluent o de Wernicke es considera funcional i comuna des d’un punt de vista de l’articulació fonètica.

  13. Sobre algunos factores prosódicos en pacientes con afasia de Wernicke

    OpenAIRE

    Cabedo Nebot, Adrián

    2013-01-01

    Aquest treball d’investigació pretén fer una comparativa de caràcter descriptiu entre la prosòdia de pacients amb afàsia de Wernicke i la d’altres parlants que no experimenten aquest trastorn del llenguatge. En general, s’intenta observar el comportament idiosincràtic de la parla afàsica davant la no afàsica, sempre tenint en compte que, habitualment, l’afàsia fluent o de Wernicke es considera funcional i comuna des d’un punt de vista de l’articulació fonètica.

  14. An atlas of classification. Signage between open shelves, the Web and the catalogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Fabbrizzi

    2014-05-01

    Questa segnaletica è fondata sulla comunicazione cross-mediale, e integra le modalità comunicative della biblioteca a vari livelli, sia nel contesto dello stesso medium, sia tra media diversi: tra i cartelli sulle testate degli scaffali, tra questi cartelli e il sito web della biblioteca, tra il sito web e il catalogo. Per questo sistema integrato sono particolarmente adatti i dispositivi mobili come i tablet e gli smartphone, perché danno la possibilità di accedere al Web mentre ci si muove tra gli scaffali. Il collegamento diretto tra gli scaffali aperti classificati e il catalogo è reso possibile dai codici QR stampati sui cartelli.

  15. Sobre algunos factores prosódicos en pacientes con afasia de Wernicke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Cabedo Nebot

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aquest treball d’investigació pretén fer una comparativa de caràcter descriptiu entre la prosòdia de pacients amb afàsia de Wernicke i la d’altres parlants que no experimenten aquest trastorn del llenguatge. En general, s’intenta observar el comportament idiosincràtic de la parla afàsica davant la no afàsica, sempre tenint en compte que, habitualment, l’afàsia fluent o de Wernicke es considera funcional i comuna des d’un punt de vista de l’articulació fonètica.

  16. Principles for social impact assessment: A critical comparison between the international and US documents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanclay, Frank

    2006-01-01

    The 'International Principles for Social Impact Assessment' and the 'Principles and Guidelines for Social Impact Assessment in the USA', both developed under the auspices of the International Association for Impact Assessment and published in 2003, are compared. Major differences in the definition and approach to social impact assessment (SIA) are identified. The US Principles and Guidelines is shown to be positivist/technocratic while the International Principles is identified as being democratic, participatory and constructivist. Deficiencies in both documents are identified. The field of SIA is changing to go beyond the prevention of negative impacts, to include issues of building social capital, capacity building, good governance, community engagement and social inclusion

  17. Advice of the Italian CCTN on the toxicity of Cannabis sativa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camoni, I [ed.; Istituto Superiore di Sanita` , Rome (Italy). Lab. di Tossicologia Applicata; Mucci, N [ed.; ISPESL, Monteporzio Catone, Roma (Italy). Dip. di Medicina del Lavoro; Paroli, E [ed.; Rome, Univ. ` La Sapienza` (Italy). Fac. di Medicina, Ist. di Farmacologia

    1998-06-01

    This recommendation of the Italian National Toxicological Committee (CCTN) regards the possible toxic effects of some products derived from Cannabis sativa, indica variety. The CCTN has especially evaluated genotoxic, immunological and toxic to reproduction effects of these substances, on the basis of the results from both experimental studies and observations on humans. [Italiano] Il documento contiene il parere della CCTN sui potenziali effetti tossici di alcuni derivati della Cannabis sativa, varieta` indica. Il parere e` stato elaborato sulla base dei risultati sia di studi sperimentali sia dei limitati studi sull`uomo, prendendo in particolare considerazione gli effetti genotossici, tossico-riproduttivi ed immunologici.

  18. L’intersoggettività e la sfera “emozionale-affettiva”. Appunti per una rilettura dell’analisi costitutiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Muzzetto

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Nella prima parte del saggio si mette in risalto sia l’assunzione, nella sociologia classica, di affettività e razionalità come elementi contrapposti, sia la presenza degli aspetti fondamentali del superamento di tale visione dicotomica. La seconda parte riprende il pensiero di A. Schutz sull’intersoggettività come categoria base del sociale. Sebbene l’autore si muove in un’ottica cognitiva, il saggio evidenzia elementi presenti nel pensiero dell’autore che consentono di proporre una nuova concettualizzazione nella quale la dimensione affettivo-emozionale è presente ‘sin dall’inizio’.

  19. Il concetto di storia della lingua nell'opera grammaticale di Benedetto Buommattei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunver Skytte

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Che la storia della lingua sia una disciplina linguistica di data recente, fondata nell'800, soprattutto grazie alle ricerche pionieristiche di insigni filologi tedeschi, è un'opinione comunemente accettata, ed essa è probabilmente anche giustificata attraverso la classificazione datane di disciplina. A questo dato di fatto si deve senz'altro l'opinione altrettanto estesa che prima dell'800 non esistesse il concetto di linguistica diacronica o cambiamento linguistico in senso scientifico, come pure quella non meno erronea che la linguistica, come scienza, sia stata fondata solo nell'800.

  20. Social impact assessment: A review and proposed approach: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bradbury, J.A.

    1986-12-01

    The objective of the report is to identify the essential components of a comprehensive plan to assess the potential social impacts of the proposed construction and operation of a high level radioactive waste repository by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Project. The tasks taken to achieve this objective are: examination of the literature on Social Impact Assessment (SIA); identification of different conceptual frameworks that have been proposed or used in SIA; examination of specific aspects of the frameworks; assessment of strengths and weaknesses of the frameworks; synthesis of common elements in these frameworks; and examination and evaluation of methods of data collection and analysis. 150 refs., 6 figs., 7 tabs

  1. Grand Tour: immaginario, territorio e culture digitali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano Ilardi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Il Grand Tour può essere recuperato come asset narrativo utile per un intervento strategico di re-branding del viaggio in Italia? Il contributo analizza il contesto e le condizioni per una progettazione di questo livello nell’ambiente culturale dell’epoca digitale. Considerando gli archetipi moderni della mediazione dei luoghi come una grande riserva di senso, da riattivare sia nelle pratiche basate sui format seriali e transmediali che valorizzano i territori nella produzione creativa, sia nella costruzione di infrastrutture digitali e  transluoghi per la valorizzazione degli attrattori culturali.

  2. Contribution of amygdala CRF neurons to chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreoli, Matthew; Marketkar, Tanvi; Dimitrov, Eugene

    2017-12-01

    We investigated the role of amygdala corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons in the perturbations of descending pain inhibition caused by neuropathic pain. Forced swim increased the tail-flick response latency in uninjured mice, a phenomenon known as stress-induced analgesia (SIA) but did not change the tail-flick response latency in mice with neuropathic pain caused by sciatic nerve constriction. Neuropathic pain also increased the expression of CRF in the central amygdala (CeAmy) and ΔFosB in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Next, we injected the CeAmy of CRF-cre mice with cre activated AAV-DREADD (Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs) vectors. Activation of CRF neurons by DREADD/Gq did not affect the impaired SIA but inhibition of CRF neurons by DREADD/Gi restored SIA and decreased allodynia in mice with neuropathic pain. The possible downstream circuitry involved in the regulation of SIA was investigated by combined injections of retrograde cre-virus (CAV2-cre) into the locus ceruleus (LC) and cre activated AAV-diphtheria toxin (AAV-FLEX-DTX) virus into the CeAmy. The viral injections were followed by a sciatic nerve constriction ipsilateral or contralateral to the injections. Ablation of amygdala projections to the LC on the side of injury but not on the opposite side, completely restored SIA, decreased allodynia and decreased ΔFosB expression in the spinal cord in mice with neuropathic pain. The possible lateralization of SIA impairment to the side of injury was confirmed by an experiment in which unilateral inhibition of the LC decreased SIA even in uninjured mice. The current view in the field of pain research attributes the process of pain chronification to abnormal functioning of descending pain inhibition. Our results demonstrate that the continuous activity of CRF neurons brought about by persistent pain leads to impaired SIA, which is a symptom of dysregulation of descending pain inhibition. Therefore, an over

  3. Preventing Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus Emergence during the Polio Endgame.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Pons-Salort

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Reversion and spread of vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV to cause outbreaks of poliomyelitis is a rare outcome resulting from immunisation with the live-attenuated oral poliovirus vaccines (OPVs. Global withdrawal of all three OPV serotypes is therefore a key objective of the polio endgame strategic plan, starting with serotype 2 (OPV2 in April 2016. Supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs with trivalent OPV (tOPV in advance of this date could mitigate the risks of OPV2 withdrawal by increasing serotype-2 immunity, but may also create new serotype-2 VDPV (VDPV2. Here, we examine the risk factors for VDPV2 emergence and implications for the strategy of tOPV SIAs prior to OPV2 withdrawal. We first developed mathematical models of VDPV2 emergence and spread. We found that in settings with low routine immunisation coverage, the implementation of a single SIA increases the risk of VDPV2 emergence. If routine coverage is 20%, at least 3 SIAs are needed to bring that risk close to zero, and if SIA coverage is low or there are persistently "missed" groups, the risk remains high despite the implementation of multiple SIAs. We then analysed data from Nigeria on the 29 VDPV2 emergences that occurred during 2004-2014. Districts reporting the first case of poliomyelitis associated with a VDPV2 emergence were compared to districts with no VDPV2 emergence in the same 6-month period using conditional logistic regression. In agreement with the model results, the odds of VDPV2 emergence decreased with higher routine immunisation coverage (odds ratio 0.67 for a 10% absolute increase in coverage [95% confidence interval 0.55-0.82]. We also found that the probability of a VDPV2 emergence resulting in poliomyelitis in >1 child was significantly higher in districts with low serotype-2 population immunity. Our results support a strategy of focused tOPV SIAs before OPV2 withdrawal in areas at risk of VDPV2 emergence and in sufficient number to raise population

  4. Validación de la escala de ansiedad en la interacción social en estudiantes universitarios mexicanos

    OpenAIRE

    Moral de la Rubia, José; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Monterrey, NL, Méico.; García Cadena, Cirilo Humberto; Facultad de Psicología. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Monterrey, NL, México.; Antona Casas, César Jesús; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. C/ Compañía, 5. C.P. 37002 Salamanca, España

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo. El propósito de esta investigación fue validar la escala de ansiedad en la interacción social (Social Interaction Anxiety Scale [SIAS-20] de Mattick y Clarke, 1998) en una población de estudiantes universitarios mexicanos. Concretamente, se buscó validar la estructura unidimensional del SIAS-20, calcular su consistencia interna, describir su distribución, comparar diferencias de medias entre géneros, comprobar su validez criterial con el factor de fobia social del inventario de ansi...

  5. Age of Onset in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Complex Interactions between Genetic and Environmental Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandelli, Laura; Toscano, Elena; Porcelli, Stefano; Fabbri, Chiara; Serretti, Alessandro

    2016-03-01

    In this study we evaluated the role of a candidate gene for major psychosis, Sialyltransferase (ST8SIA2), in the risk to develop a schizophrenia spectrum disorders, taking into account exposure to stressful life events (SLEs). Eight polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested in 94 Schizophreniainpatients and 176 healthy controls. Schizophrenia patients were also evaluated for SLEs in different life periods. None of the SNPs showed association with schizophrenia. Nevertheless, when crossing genetic variants with childhood SLEs, we could observe trends of interaction with age of onset. Though several limitations, our results support a protective role of ST8SIA2 in individuals exposed to moderate childhood stress.

  6. Social impact assessment: A review and proposed approach: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, J A

    1986-12-01

    The objective of the report is to identify the essential components of a comprehensive plan to assess the potential social impacts of the proposed construction and operation of a high level radioactive waste repository by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Project. The tasks taken to achieve this objective are: examination of the literature on Social Impact Assessment (SIA); identification of different conceptual frameworks that have been proposed or used in SIA; examination of specific aspects of the frameworks; assessment of strengths and weaknesses of the frameworks; synthesis of common elements in these frameworks; and examination and evaluation of methods of data collection and analysis. 150 refs., 6 figs., 7 tabs.

  7. Surgically induced astigmatism after phacoemulsification by temporal clear corneal and superior clear corneal approach: a comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikose AS

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Archana Sunil Nikose, Dhrubojyoti Saha, Pradnya Mukesh Laddha, Mayuri Patil Department of Ophthalmology, N.K.P. Salve Institute and LMH, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India Introduction: Cataract surgery has undergone various advances since it was evolved from ancient couching to the modern phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Surgically induced astigmatism (SIA remains one of the most common complications. The introduction of sutureless clear corneal incision has gained increasing popularity worldwide because it offers several advantages over the traditional sutured limbal incision and scleral tunnel. A clear corneal incision has the benefit of being bloodless and having an easy approach, but SIA is still a concern.Purpose: In this study, we evaluated the SIA in clear corneal incisions with temporal approach and superior approach phacoemulsification. Comparisons between the two incisions were done using keratometric readings of preoperative and postoperative refractive status.Methodology: It was a hospital-based prospective interventional comparative randomized control trial of 261 patients conducted in a rural-based tertiary care center from September 2012 to August 2014. The visual acuity and detailed anterior segment and posterior segment examinations were done and the cataract was graded according to Lens Opacification Classification System II. Patients were divided for phacoemulsification into two groups, group A and group B, who underwent temporal and superior clear corneal approach, respectively. The patients were followed up on day 1, 7, 30, and 90 postoperatively. The parameters recorded were uncorrected visual acuity, best-corrected visual acuity, slit lamp examination, and keratometry. The mean difference of SIA between 30th and 90th day was statistically evaluated using paired t-test, and all the analyses were performed using SPSS 18.0 (SPSS Inc. software.Results: The mean postoperative SIA in group A was 0.998 D on the 30th day, which

  8. Progettazione e disciplina dell’esoscheletro : l'inestricabile co-evoluzione tra umani e robot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fosch Villaronga, Eduard; Özcan, Beste; Pirni, A.

    2017-01-01

    Quest’articolo descrive come sia stretto il legame tra esseri umani e l’evoluzione degli esoscheletri in termini di design, di regolamentazione e di necessità umane. Mentre gli attuali esoscheletri sono ingombranti e pesanti, i progressi nei materiali e nel design concettuale cambieranno

  9. Subintimal angioplasty: predictors of long-term success.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Keeling, Aoife N

    2009-08-01

    To determine the clinical outcomes and success rates after percutaneous subintimal angioplasty (SIA) in patients with lower-limb occlusive lesions causing intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischemia (CLI) at midterm to long-term follow-up. The secondary aim was to elicit factors predictive of a successful outcome.

  10. Психологические особенности банковской рекламы как формы коммуникационного поведения

    OpenAIRE

    Ибрагимова, Р.

    2013-01-01

    This article is devoted to the specifi cs of banking advertising in Rus- sia. Also analyzed the types of banking advertising and techniques that are used in this form of advertising. In addition, there are samples of advertising banks of Russia

  11. The Costs of Using Draft Animals for Sustainable Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    technology is more suitable both socially and economically viable Jor Jarmers with tradition in animal ... India, IndoneSia, Nepal, North. Africa and most of ..... The economics of animal power in KOinadugu district, Siera Leone: A case study of the work oxen introduction and credit programme. Animal power in farming system ...

  12. Addictive use of social networking sites can be explained by the interaction of Internet use expectancies, Internet literacy, and psychopathological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegmann, Elisa; Stodt, Benjamin; Brand, Matthias

    2015-09-01

    Most people use the Internet in a functional way to achieve certain goals and needs. However, there is an increasing number of people who experience negative consequences like loss of control and distress based on an excessive use of the Internet and its specific online applications. Some approaches postulate similarities with behavioral addictions as well as substance dependencies. They differentiate between a generalized and a specific Internet addiction, such as the pathological use of social networking sites (SIA-SNS). Prior studies particularly identified the use of applications, personal characteristics, and psychopathological symptoms as significant predictors for the development and maintenance of this phenomenon. So far, it remains unclear how psychopathological symptoms like depression and social anxiety interact with individual expectancies of Internet use and capabilities of handling the Internet, summarized as Internet literacy. The current study (N = 334) investigated the interaction of these components in a structural equation model. The results indicate that the effects of depression and social anxiety on SIA-SNS were mediated by Internet use expectancies and self-regulation. Thus, Internet use expectancies seem to be crucial for SIA-SNS, which is in line with prior models. SNS use may be reinforced by experienced gratification and relief from negative feelings. Individual competences in handling the Internet may be preventive for the development of SIA-SNS.

  13. Five-year Irish trial of CLI patients with TASC II type C/D lesions undergoing subintimal angioplasty or bypass surgery based on plaque echolucency.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sultan, Sherif

    2009-06-01

    To report a 5-year observational parallel group study comparing the effectiveness of subintimal angioplasty (SIA) to bypass grafting (BG) for treatment of TASC II type C\\/D lesions in the lower limb arteries of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).

  14. A novel high-temperature combustion based system for stable isotope analysis of dissolved organic carbon in aqueous samples. : I development and validation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Federherr, E.; Cerli, C.; Kirkels, F. M. S. A.; Kalbitz, K.; Kupka, H. J.; Dunsbach, R.; Lange, L.; Schmidt, T. C.

    2014-01-01

    RATIONALE: Traditionally, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) stable isotope analysis (SIA) is performed using either offline sample preparation followed by elemental analyzer/isotope ratiomass spectrometry (EA/IRMS) or a wet chemical oxidation (WCO)-based device coupled to an isotope ratio mass

  15. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    (types 1 and 3) in SIAs since January 2010 (Burns et al., 2013). Children without detectable neutralizing antibodies to the three poliovirus serotypes or to at least one poliovirus serotype, as well as those with persistently low immunity to any of the poliovirus serotypes could serve as pockets of children at risk of re-infection ...

  16. A framework for combining social impact assessment and risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahmoudi, Hossein, E-mail: mahmoudi@uni-hohenheim.de [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany); Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Renn, Ortwin [Department of Technology and Environmental Sociology (and DIALOGIK), University of Stuttgart (Germany); Vanclay, Frank [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Hoffmann, Volker [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany); Karami, Ezatollah [College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-11-15

    An increasing focus on integrative approaches is one of the current trends in impact assessment. There is potential to combine impact assessment with various other forms of assessment, such as risk assessment, to make impact assessment and the management of social risks more effective. We identify the common features of social impact assessment (SIA) and social risk assessment (SRA), and discuss the merits of a combined approach. A hybrid model combining SIA and SRA to form a new approach called, ‘risk and social impact assessment’ (RSIA) is introduced. RSIA expands the capacity of SIA to evaluate and manage the social impacts of risky projects such as nuclear energy as well as natural hazards and disasters such as droughts and floods. We outline the three stages of RSIA, namely: impact identification, impact assessment, and impact management. -- Highlights: • A hybrid model to combine SIA and SRA namely RSIA is proposed. • RSIA can provide the proper mechanism to assess social impacts of natural hazards. • RSIA can play the role of ex-post as well as ex-ante assessment. • For some complicated and sensitive cases like nuclear energy, conducting a RSIA is necessary.

  17. The Journalists Initiatives on Immunisation Against Polio and Improved Acceptance of the Polio Vaccine in Northern Nigeria 2007-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warigon, Charity; Mkanda, Pascal; Banda, Richard; Zakari, Furera; Damisa, Eunice; Idowu, Audu; Bawa, Samuel; Gali, Emmanuel; Tegegne, Sisay G; Hammanyero, Kulchumi; Nsubuga, Peter; Korir, Charles; Vaz, Rui G

    2016-05-01

    The polio eradication initiative had major setbacks in 2003 and 2007 due to media campaigns in which renowned scholars and Islamic clerics criticized polio vaccines. The World Health Organization (WHO) partnered with journalists in 2007 to form the Journalists Initiatives on Immunisation Against Polio (JAP), to develop communication initiatives aimed at highlighting polio eradication activities and the importance of immunization in northern Nigeria. We evaluated the impact of JAP activities in Kaduna State by determining the total number of media materials produced and the number of newspaper clips and bulletins published in support of polio eradication. We also determined the number of households in noncompliant communities that became compliant with vaccination during 2015 supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) after JAP interventions and compared caregivers' sources of information about SIAs in 2007 before and after the JAP was formed. Since creation of the JAP, >500 reports have been published and aired, with most portraying polio vaccine positively. During June 2015 SIAs in high-risk wards of Kaduna STATE, JAP interventions resulted in vaccination of 5122 of 5991 children (85.5%) from noncompliant households. During early 2007, the number of caregivers who had heard about SIA rounds from the media increased from 26% in January, before the JAP was formed, to 33% in March, after the initiation of JAP activities. The formation of the JAP resulted in measurable improvement in the acceptance of polio vaccine in northern Nigeria. © 2016 World Health Organization; licensee Oxford Journals.

  18. Developments in Social Impact Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanclay, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Along with environmental impact assessment, social impact assessment (SIA) has its origins in the 1970s and has developed from being a tool to meet regulatory requirements, to a discipline that seeks to contribute proactively to better project and policy development and to enhance the wellbeing of

  19. Social Impact Assessment : Guidance for assessing and managing the social impacts of projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanclay, Francis; Esteves, Ana Maria; Aucamp, Ilse; Franks, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this Guidance Note is to provide advice to various stakeholders about what is expected in good practice social impact assessment (SIA) and social impact management processes, especially in relation to project development. Project development refers to dams, mines, oil and gas

  20. Identity, Self-representation and Cultural Contructs in Kuki ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Si pone la domanda di quanto ci sia di autentico e quanto di idealizzato in queste memorie romanzate sul tema dell'affermazione dell'individuo sulle avversità. Si conclude che la risposta sta nella natura stessa del genere prescelto. 'If we believe the first people stood erect at the edge of the Great Rift Valley, then in

  1. BOOK REVIEWS / RECENSIONI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    colei che trascorre il tempo accompagnandolo ai giovanotti, dando prova della sua peccaminosità sia sul piano individuale che su quello sociale”. (191). Secondo Bernardino le donne che cercavano di abbellirsi con i cosmetici in realtà finivano per imbruttirsi e compromettere la loro bellezza naturale, oltre che annullare “la ...

  2. The Utility of the helicobacter pylori stool antigen test in managing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion and recommendations: The HPSAT may be used in the test and treat strategy for young patients with dyspep- sia without alarm signs and symptoms in low resource settings. However, because of its low validity in predicting H.pylori associated disease, it is important to follow up patients so that if symptoms ...

  3. Impegno in the work of silvia ballestra: A space of political ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    familiare, il pamphlet politico e femminista, e il giornalismo, visti come strumenti più immediati e diretti da opporre alla reazione culturale di destra dell'era berlusconiana. La raccolta di racconti Gli orsi (1994), in particolare, mostra come per Ballestra il passaggio da un'estetica postmoderna ad una più realista sia frutto di ...

  4. Segregation of cascade induced interstitial loops at dislocations: possible effect on initiation of plastic deformation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trinkaus, H. [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Festkoerperforschung; Singh, B.N. [Materials Research Department, Risoe National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Foreman, A.J.E. [Materials Performance Department, Harwell Laboratory, Oxfordshire OX11 0RA (United Kingdom)

    1997-11-01

    In metals and alloys subjected to cascade damage dislocations are frequently found to be decorated with a high density of small clusters of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) in the form of dislocation loops. In the present paper it is shown that this effect may be attributed to the glide and trapping of SIA loops, produced directly in cascades (rather than to the enhanced agglomeration of single SIAs), in the strain field of the dislocations. The conditions for the accumulation of glissile SIA loops near dislocations as well as the dose and temperature dependencies of this phenomenon are discussed. It is suggested that the decoration of dislocations with loops may play a key role in radiation hardening subjected to cascade damage. It is shown, for example, that the increase in the upper yield stress followed by a yield drop and plastic instability in metals andalloys subjected to cascade damage cannot be rationalized in terms of conventional dispersed barrier hardening (DBH) but may be understood in terms of cascade induced source hardening (CISH) in which the dislocations are considered to be locked by the loops decorating them. Estimates for the stress necessary to pull a dislocation away from its loop `cloud` are used to discuss the dose and temperature dependence of plastic flow initiation. (orig.). 55 refs.

  5. Segregation of cascade induced interstitial loops at dislocations: possible effect on initiation of plastic deformation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trinkaus, H.; Foreman, A.J.E.

    1997-01-01

    In metals and alloys subjected to cascade damage dislocations are frequently found to be decorated with a high density of small clusters of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) in the form of dislocation loops. In the present paper it is shown that this effect may be attributed to the glide and trapping of SIA loops, produced directly in cascades (rather than to the enhanced agglomeration of single SIAs), in the strain field of the dislocations. The conditions for the accumulation of glissile SIA loops near dislocations as well as the dose and temperature dependencies of this phenomenon are discussed. It is suggested that the decoration of dislocations with loops may play a key role in radiation hardening subjected to cascade damage. It is shown, for example, that the increase in the upper yield stress followed by a yield drop and plastic instability in metals andalloys subjected to cascade damage cannot be rationalized in terms of conventional dispersed barrier hardening (DBH) but may be understood in terms of cascade induced source hardening (CISH) in which the dislocations are considered to be locked by the loops decorating them. Estimates for the stress necessary to pull a dislocation away from its loop 'cloud' are used to discuss the dose and temperature dependence of plastic flow initiation. (orig.)

  6. Allocation of Laophonte trispinosa Sewell to Xanthilaophonte gen. nov. and the description of X. carcinicola spec. nov. (Harpacticoida: Laophontidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fiers, F.

    1991-01-01

    Laophonte trispinosa Sewell is reported here from various localities in the Indian and the West Pacific Ocean, and is allocated to the herein erected genus Xanthilaophonte gen. nov. A second species, X. carcinicola spec. nov. is described from Indon »sia. The genus Xanthilaophonte gen. nov. is most

  7. Aspects of microstructure evolution under cascade damage conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, B.N.; Trinkaus, H.; Barashev, A.V.

    1997-01-01

    The conventional theoretical models describing the damage accumulation, particularly void swelling, under cascade damage conditions do not include treatments of important features such as intracascade clustering of self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) and one-dimensional glide of SIA clusters produced in the cascades. Recently, it has been suggested that the problem can be treated in terms of 'production bias' and one-dimensional glide of small SIA clusters. In the earlier treatments a 'mean size approximation' was used for the defect clusters and cavities evolving during irradiation. In the present work, we use the 'size distribution function' to determine the dose dependence of sink strengths, vacancy supersaturation and void swelling as a function of dislocation density and grain size within the framework of production bias model and glide of small SIA clusters. In this work, the role of the sessile-glissile loop transformation (due to vacancy supersaturation) on the damage accumulation behaviour is included. The calculated results on void swelling are compared with the experimental results as well as the results of the earlier calculations using the 'mean size approximation'. The calculated results agree very well with the experimental results. (orig.)

  8. Kalevi kommivabrik läks Luksemburgi investeerimisfondile / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Kalevi ja Tere omandanud Luksemburgis registreeritud fondi Alta Capital Partners S.C.A. osanikud on 80% ulatuses Indrek Rahumaa, Andres Rätsepp, Jaak Raid ja Marius Binkevicius, 20% osakutest kuulub Briti varahaldusfirmale Bonfield Asset Management. Fondi hakkab haldama Läti firma Alta Capital Partners SIA. Skeemid: Mis Oliver Kruudale alles jäi? Mida Indrek Rahumaa ostis

  9. 23 CFR 650.315 - Inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for collection by the FHWA as requested. A tabulation of this data is contained in the SI&A sheet distributed by the FHWA as part of the “Recording and Coding Guide for the Structure Inventory and Appraisal... version. Report the data using FHWA established procedures as outlined in the “Recording and Coding Guide...

  10. The proceedings of the Tenth Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacteria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hill, Colin; Kleerebezem, Michiel; Kok, Jan

    2011-01-01

    We were delighted to be asked by Microbial Cell Factories to act as guest editors for the manuscripts in this issue associated with the LAB10 Symposium. The LAB Sympo- sia have been very important benchmarks in the careers of many LAB researchers, charting the development of this field from the very

  11. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of pelagic zooplankton elucidate ecohydrographic features in the oligotrophic Red Sea

    KAUST Repository

    Kü rten, Benjamin; Al-Aidaroos, Ali M.; Kurten, Saskia; El-Sherbiny, Mohsen M.; Devassy, Reny P.; Struck, Ulrich; Zarokanellos, Nikolaos; Jones, Burton; Hansen, Thomas; Bruss, Gerd; Sommer, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Although zooplankton occupy key roles in aquatic biogeochemical cycles, little is known about the pelagic food web and trophodynamics of zooplankton in the Red Sea. Natural abundance stable isotope analysis (SIA) of carbon (δ13C) and N (δ15N) is one

  12. Sustainable intensification of agriculture for human prosperity and global sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rockstrom, J.; Williams, J.; Daily, G.; Noble, A.; Matthews, N.; Gordon, L.; Wetterstrand, H.; DeClerck, F.; Fraiture, de C.M.S.

    2017-01-01

    There is an ongoing debate on what constitutes sustainable intensification of agriculture (SIA). In this paper, we propose that a paradigm for sustainable intensification can be defined and translated into an operational framework for agricultural development. We argue that this paradigm must now be

  13. Assemblare il genere nello sport: il caso controverso di Caster Semenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Naim

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Questa ricerca mira a indagare le strategie di gestione delle “anomalie” di genere in contesti di forte segregazione tra i sessi. In particolare, il tema che ci interessa trattare in queste pagine riguarda il modo in cui il mondo sportivo affronta, sia in termini tecnico-scientifici sia in termini narrativi, i casi di atlete che, per caratteristiche fisiche di vario tipo, non rientrano negli standard pensati per chi compete nelle categorie femminili. Cercheremo di capire in che modo l'approccio narrativo si intreccia a quello tecnico-scientifico, e quali saranno le possibili soluzioni al problema. Lo sport si rivela in questo senso un terreno estremamente favorevole allo svolgimento di questa ricerca, per tre caratteristiche particolari: in primo luogo, come dicevamo, vige una stretta separazione tra uomini e donne; in secondo luogo, è oggetto di grande interesse mediatico e dunque di una florida produzione narrativa; infine, è un ambito fortemente medicalizzato, sia per questioni di salute psico-fisica degli atleti, sia per questioni di controllo del doping.

  14. A framework for combining social impact assessment and risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mahmoudi, Hossein; Renn, Ortwin; Vanclay, Frank; Hoffmann, Volker; Karami, Ezatollah

    2013-01-01

    An increasing focus on integrative approaches is one of the current trends in impact assessment. There is potential to combine impact assessment with various other forms of assessment, such as risk assessment, to make impact assessment and the management of social risks more effective. We identify the common features of social impact assessment (SIA) and social risk assessment (SRA), and discuss the merits of a combined approach. A hybrid model combining SIA and SRA to form a new approach called, ‘risk and social impact assessment’ (RSIA) is introduced. RSIA expands the capacity of SIA to evaluate and manage the social impacts of risky projects such as nuclear energy as well as natural hazards and disasters such as droughts and floods. We outline the three stages of RSIA, namely: impact identification, impact assessment, and impact management. -- Highlights: • A hybrid model to combine SIA and SRA namely RSIA is proposed. • RSIA can provide the proper mechanism to assess social impacts of natural hazards. • RSIA can play the role of ex-post as well as ex-ante assessment. • For some complicated and sensitive cases like nuclear energy, conducting a RSIA is necessary

  15. L’estetica dell’ebreo e del cristiano nei racconti de Lo scialle andaluso di Elsa Morante

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cascio, G.

    2007-01-01

    Quest’articolo indaga alcuni elementi fisiognomici ricorrenti nelle figure che popolano le novelle de Lo scialle andaluso di Elsa Morante. Cioè, qui suggeriamo l’ipotesi che nel piano narrativo ci sia una categorizzazione estetica che si riversa nel progetto dei contenuti e si proponga di dedurre i

  16. UNPUBLISHED TEXTS / INEDITI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    ”. Collabora alla pagina culturale de Il ... non si incontrino e l'inganno della notte reale sia perpetuo su questi muri. Oggi facciamo finta di non vederci, ... “Vivo il tempo degli inganni, preda del grande spirito. A nulla servono alchimie. Se ...

  17. Polio eradication initiative in Afghanistan, 1997-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Diane M; Sadr-Azodi, Nahad; Mashal, Taufiq; Sabawoon, Wrishmeen; Pardis, Ajmal; Quddus, Arshad; Garrigos, Carmen; Guirguis, Sherine; Zahoor Zaidi, Syed Sohail; Shaukat, Shahzad; Sharif, Salmaan; Asghar, Humayan; Hadler, Stephen C

    2014-11-01

    This article reviews the epidemiology of polio, acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance, and the implementation of supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) in Afghanistan from 1997 thru 2013. Published reports and unpublished national data on polio cases, AFP surveillance, and SIAs were analyzed. Recommendations from independent advisory groups and Afghan government informed the conclusions. From 1997 thru 2013, the annual number of confirmed polio cases fluctuated from a low of 4 in 2004 to a high of 80 in 2011. Wild poliovirus types 2 and 3 were last reported in 1997 and 2010, respectively. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 emerged in 2009. AFP surveillance quality in children aged 8 per 100,000 population. Since 2001, at least 6 SIAs have been conducted annually. Afghanistan has made progress moving closer to eliminating polio. The program struggles to reach all children because of management and accountability problems in the field, inaccessible populations, and inadequate social mobilization. Consequently, too many children are missed during SIAs. Afghanistan adopted a national emergency action plan in 2012 to address these issues, but national elimination will require consistent and complete implementation of proven strategies. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2014. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

  18. Integrating community perceptions and cultural diversity in social impact assessment in Nigeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nzeadibe, Thaddeus Chidi, E-mail: chidi.nzeadibe@unn.edu.ng [Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka (Nigeria); Ajaero, Chukwuedozie Kelechukwu [Demography and Population Studies Programme, The University of Witwatersrand Johannesburg (South Africa); Okonkwo, Emeka Emmanuel; Okpoko, Patrick Uche [Department of Archaeology and Tourism, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka (Nigeria); Akukwe, Thecla Iheoma [Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka (Nigeria); Njoku-Tony, Roseline Feechi [Department of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri (Nigeria)

    2015-11-15

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act of 1992 aimed to make the environment a central theme in development in Nigeria. Nevertheless, the extent of engagement with local cultures in the Nigerian EIA process is not statutorily guaranteed. While most EIAs in Nigeria have been for oil and gas projects in the Niger Delta, and have focused strongly on the biophysical environment, socio-economic and cultural aspects have remained marginal. The palpable neglect of community perceptions and cultural diversity in social impact assessment (SIA) in this region prone to conflict has tended to alienate the people in the decision-making process. Thus, despite claims to compliance with regulatory requirements for EIAs, and numerous purported sustainable development initiatives by international oil companies (IOCs), the region continues to face multiple sustainability challenges. This paper situates local perceptions and cultural diversity in participatory development and canvasses the integration of community perceptions and cultural diversity into SIA in the Niger Delta region. It is argued that doing this would be critical to ensuring acceptance and success of development actions within the context of local culture while also contributing to sustainable development policy in the region. - Highlights: • Nigeria EIA Act aimed to make the environment central to development in Nigeria. • Engagement with local communities in the process is not statutorily guaranteed. • SIAs in Nigeria neglect community perceptions and cultural diversity. • Article canvasses integrating community perceptions and cultural diversity in SIA. • Local acceptance in context of culture would yield sustainable development outcomes.

  19. Role of Interface in Multilayered Composites under Irradiation: A Mathematical Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Ortún-Palacios

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A continuum model of point-defects evolution during irradiation of a multilayer composite material is presented in this work. Nonstationary balance equations are used to describe production, recombination, transport, and annihilation, or removal, of vacancies and interstitials in a β-α-β three-layer system (α = Cu and β = Nb, V, or Ni. In addition, transport and trapping of point-defects at interfaces are taken into account. Numerical investigation on similarities and differences between Cu/Nb, Cu/V, and Cu/Ni systems is also performed. A general comparison of model results reveals that average vacancy concentration is typically higher than SIA one in both layers for all the systems investigated. This is a consequence of the higher diffusion rate of SIAs with respect to vacancies. Stationary state is reached without saturating interface point-defect traps by all systems but Cu/Ni for the case of SIAs. It can be also seen that Cu/Nb and Cu/V systems have a very similar behavior regarding point-defect temporal evolution in copper (layer α, while higher SIA concentration at steady state is shown therein by the Cu/Ni structure. Moreover, Cu/V system displays the lower stationary vacancy concentration in layer β.

  20. Particle production in Si + A and p + A collisions at 14.6 A·GeV/c

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miake, Y.

    1990-01-01

    Particle production (π ± , K ± , p) has been measured in both Si+A and p+A collisions at 14.6 A·GeV/c. Comparisons of m t and dn/dy distributions between p+Be, p+Au and central Si+Au collisions are discussed. 8 refs., 3 figs

  1. Effects of supplemental measles immunization on cases of measles ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Measles is a highly contagious vaccine-preventable infection which continues to be a significant cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries particularly those with poor routine immunisation coverage. Supplemental immunisation activities (SIAs) were thus introduced to improve vaccine ...

  2. "Ravimiohutus - rahva tervise kaitseks" / Marika Gordon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gordon, Marika

    2010-01-01

    Ajakirja “Apteeker” ja Eesti Akadeemilise Farmaatsia Seltsi kevadkonverentsi ettekandeid kommenteerivad MEDA Pharma SIA Eesti juhataja Anu Adermann, Apteekide infotehnoloogia OÜ juhataja Siim Uibokand, Pärnu Lõvi apteegi juhataja Kärt Kambla ja Eesti Haigekassa ravimiosakonna peaspetsialist Erki Laidmäe

  3. Environmental Justice and Sustainability Impact Assessment: In Search of Solutions to Ethnic Conflicts Caused by Coal Mining in Inner Mongolia, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Liu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese government adopted more specific and stringent environmental impact assessment (EIA guidelines in 2011, soon after the widespread ethnic protests against coal mining in Inner Mongolia. However, our research suggests that the root of the ethnic tension is a sustainability problem, in addition to environmental issues. In particular, the Mongolians do not feel they have benefited from the mining of their resources. Existing environmental assessment tools are inadequate to address sustainability, which is concerned with environmental protection, social justice and economic equity. Thus, it is necessary to develop a sustainability impact assessment (SIA to fill in the gap. SIA would be in theory and practice a better tool than EIA for assessing sustainability impact. However, China’s political system presents a major challenge to promoting social and economic equity. Another practical challenge for SIA is corruption which has been also responsible for the failing of EIA in assessing environmental impacts of coal mining in Inner Mongolia. Under the current political system, China should adopt the SIA while continuing its fight against corruption.

  4. Implementasi Sistem Informasi Akademik Menggunakan Aplikasi Jibas pada SMA Negeri 9 Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricky Akbar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available SMA Negeri 9 Padang is one of the institutions engaged in the field of education, which requires the design of software to manage and run all school activities, one of which is the Academic Information System (SIA. SIA currently in SMA 9 Padang yet well integrated, so it still has many shortcomings in meeting the needs of the school or institution, in particular to deal with academic problems. Therefore, it needs to be implemented Academic Information System that can overcome the various shortcomings earlier. Implementation of this application starts with a preliminary study. Activities, the introduction of the school as a whole with interviews and observations, identify business processes academically at school is running and then make the proposed system as terkomputerisasinya, which is described by using the tools of Business Process Model Notation (BPMN, as well as the depiction of a working model of the system to be applied using use case diagram. The next stage is to study the literature of various books and journals to find the theoretical basis and related research. Then selecting software for SIA School, after the configuration and customization of the software modules, and the latter carry out the implementation and testing. These results indicate that the software SIA Schools that have been selected and applied that JIBAS applications, which can solve the problems on SMA Negeri 9 Padang

  5. New Italian Languages | Romeo | Italian Studies in Southern Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scrivendo in italiano, queste autrici aspirano ad essere accettate come parte integrante del discorso nazionale italiano – socialmente, politicamente, culturalmente, artisticamente – ed inoltre vogliono che la cultura italiana sia pronta ad accettare e comprendere le differenze presenti all'interno di una presunta omogeneità.

  6. Distinct Campylobacter jejuni capsular types are related to Guillain-Barré syndrome in The Netherlands and Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    An infection with the intestinal pathogen Campylobacter jejuni leads to Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in around one in thousand cases. It is established that sialylated lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of C. jejuni are a crucial virulence factor in GBS development. Frequent detection of C. jejuni with sia...

  7. Pipeline integrity management in an urban environment supported by an External Corrosion Direct Assessment (ECDA) application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dus, Pedro Luiz; Valente, Antonio Carlos Rodrigues [Companhia de Gas de Sao Paulo (COMGAS), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Valdes, Alberto [GE Oil and Gas-PII Pipeline Solutions, Houston, TX (United States)

    2009-07-01

    COMGAS is the largest natural gas distributing company in Brazil, having more than 700,000 costumers. Gas delivery to this customer base is achieved through a network of high-pressure steel pipelines (17 and 35 bar) with around 1,100 km (690 miles) in length, the majority operating inside urban areas. The Integrity Management of this network is a particularly difficult task since neither pigging nor hydrostatic testing can be used to inspect the existing pipelines. Direct Assessment (DA) is the only assessment technique available at the moment. As an initial stage COMGAS has implemented an innovative project called SIA (Sistema de Integridade de Ativos). SIA combines functionality targeted for guiding and implementing an External Corrosion Assessment (ECDA) procedure, with full data alignment and integration, corporate policies on safety and dedicated reporting capabilities. Seamless interaction between SIA and the existing Operations GIS system was a key specification requirement for the construction of the system. This paper describes the lessons learned during the implementation of the ECDA module of the SIA, the first application experiences of the ECDA process with the support of the module and the initial benefits obtained from the use of the new Integrity Management System. (author)

  8. Towards an autonomous system for handling inter-terminal container transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr. J.H.R. van Duin; ir. F.G. Rieck; A. Spruit

    2017-01-01

    As part of the National Transition Board Practice Research Raak/SIA program, the INTRALOG (intelligent Truck Application in Logistics) project investigated the practical application of zero emission Automatic Guided Trucks (AGTs) for the transport of containers in the Harbour Industrial Cluster

  9. Intralog Towards an autonomous system for handling inter-terminal container transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spruijt, Adrie; van Duin, Ron; Rieck, Frank

    2017-01-01

    As part of the National Transition Board Practice Research Raak/SIA program, the INTRALOG (intelligent Truck Application in Logistics) project investigated the practical application of zero emission Automatic Guided Trucks (AGTs) for the transport of containers in the Harbour Industrial Cluster

  10. 76 FR 9541 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will...: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Title: Social Impacts of the Implementation of a... of a new information collection. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is required in fisheries under both...

  11. Advanced techniques in immunoassay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, G.

    1982-01-01

    A brief overview of the development history of radioimmunoassay and related techniques with their theory and practice are given. A comparison of radioimmunoassay (RIA), enzyme immunoassay (EIA), spin immunoassay (SIA), sequential saturation analysis (SSA) etc., based on their main parameters, and their fields of application and recent trends are presented. (Sz.J.)

  12. Ressenyes

    OpenAIRE

    Prats Ferret, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Obra ressenyada: Eduardo BRITO-HENRIQUES, Distância e connexão : Insularidade, relações culturais e sentido de lugar no espaço da Macaronésia. Angra do Heroísmo : Instituto Açoriano de Cultura, 2009.

  13. A Late Onset of Adrenocortical Cancer Assosiated with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N S Kuznetsov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS is a genetic overgrowth disorder involving a predisposition to tumor development. The common features of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome include omphalocele, macroglos- sia and macrosomia. The increased risk for neoplasia is concentrated in the first eight years of life. However, this case presents a late onset of adrenocortical cancer assosiated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.

  14. First-principles investigation of the energetics of point defects at a grain boundary in tungsten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chai, Jun; Li, Yu-Hao; Niu, Liang-Liang; Qin, Shi-Yao; Zhou, Hong-Bo, E-mail: hbzhou@buaa.edu.cn; Jin, Shuo; Zhang, Ying; Lu, Guang-Hong

    2017-02-15

    Tungsten (W) and W alloys are considered as the most promising candidates for plasma facing materials in future fusion reactor. Grain boundaries (GBs) play an important role in the self-healing of irradiation defects in W. Here, we investigate the stability of point defects [vacancy and self-interstitial atoms (SIA’s)] in a Σ5(3 1 0) [0 0 1] tilt W GB by calculating the energetics using a first-principles method. It is found that both the vacancy and SIA are energetically favorable to locate at neighboring sites of the GB, suggesting the vacancy and SIA can easily segregate to the GB region with the segregation energy of 1.53 eV and 7.5 eV, respectively. This can be attributed to the special atomic configuration and large available space of the GB. The effective interaction distance between the GB and the SIA is ∼6.19 Å, which is ∼2 Å larger than that of the vacancy-GB, indicating the SIA are more preferable to locate at the GB in comparison with the vacancy. Further, the binding energy of di-vacancies in the W GB are much larger than that in bulk W, suggesting that the vacancy energetically prefers to congregate in the GB.

  15. Radon Moscow: internationalisation of experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nevejkin, P.P.; Grishin, O.E.; Rakov, S.M.

    2011-01-01

    Since the early 1990s, SIA Radon Moscow has been an active participant in the international technical cooperation to resolve the current issues of radiation safety and radwaste management. The article presents the experience of such cooperation. Examples of Radon's participation in the international projects on the assessment of safety, the international education network DISPONET and implementation of TACIS projects are given [ru

  16. The Impact of Flow Injection on Modern Chemical Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Elo Harald

    and preconcentration procedures. In recent years, FIA has been supplemented by Sequential Injection Analysis (SIA) and the Lab-on-Valve (LOV) approach. Following a brief historic introduction and an account of the impact of FIA in academia, the lecture will describe these two new generations of FIA, accompanied...

  17. The Factor Structure and Screening Utility of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Woods, Carol M.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Liebowitz, Michael R.; Schneier, Franklin R.

    2006-01-01

    The widely used Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS; R. P. Mattick & J. C. Clarke, 1998) possesses favorable psychometric properties, but questions remain concerning its factor structure and item properties. Analyses included 445 people with social anxiety disorder and 1,689 undergraduates. Simple unifactorial models fit poorly, and models that…

  18. The Reverse of Social Anxiety Is Not Always the Opposite: The Reverse-Scored Items of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale Do Not Belong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Woods, Carol M.; Heimberg, Richard G.

    2007-01-01

    Although well-used and empirically supported, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) has a questionable factor structure and includes reverse-scored items with questionable utility. Here, using samples of undergraduates and a sample of clients with social anxiety disorder, we extend previous work that opened the question of whether the…

  19. Psychometric properties of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and separation criterion between Spanish youths with and without subtypes of social anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubeidat, Ihab; Salinas, José María; Sierra, Juan Carlos; Fernández-Parra, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    In this study, we analyzed the reliability and validity of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and propose a separation criterion between youths with specific and generalized social anxiety and youths without social anxiety. A sample of 1012 Spanish youths attending school completed the SIAS, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, the Youth Self-Report for Ages 11-18 and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent. The factor analysis suggests the existence of three factors in the SIAS, the first two of which explain most of the variance of the construct assessed. Internal consistency is adequate in the first two factors. The SIAS features an adequate theoretical validity with the scores of different variables related to social interaction. Analysis of the criterion scores yields three groups pertaining to three clearly differentiated clusters. In the third cluster, two of social anxiety groups - specific and generalized - have been identified by means of a quantitative separation criterion.

  20. Activation of human naïve Th cells increases surface expression of GD3 and induces neoexpression of GD2 that colocalize with TCR clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villanueva-Cabello, Tania M; Mollicone, Rosella; Cruz-Muñoz, Mario E; López-Guerrero, Delia V; Martínez-Duncker, Iván

    2015-12-01

    CD4+ T helper lymphocytes (Th) orchestrate the immune response after their activation by antigen-presenting cells. Activation of naïve Th cells is reported to generate the reduction in surface epitopes of sialic acid (Sia) in α2,3 and α2,6 linkages. In this work, we report that in spite of this glycophenotype, anti-CD3/anti-CD28-activated purified human naïve Th cells show a significant increase in surface Sia, as assessed by metabolic labeling, compared with resting naïve Th cells, suggesting an increased flux of Sia toward Siaα2,8 glycoconjugates. To understand this increase as a result of ganglioside up-regulation, we observed that very early after activation, human naïve Th cells show an increased expression in surface GD3 and neoexpression of surface GD2 gangliosides, the latter clustering with the T cell receptor (TCR). Also, we report that in contrast to GM2/GD2 synthase null mice, lentiviral vector-mediated silencing of the GM2/GD2 synthase in activated human naïve Th cells reduced efficient TCR clustering and downstream signaling, as assessed by proliferation assays and IL-2 and IL-2R expression, pointing to an important role of this enzyme in activation of human naive Th cells. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-05-15

    May 15, 2015 ... in 2003 [6]. To provide a second opportunity for measles vaccination, nationwide measles SIAs started in 2002, using a phased approach intended to cover the country every 3 years [7]. Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) was established in 2000 with aggregate reporting of 18 infectious.

  2. Digital archives, big data and image-based culturomics for social impact assessment: Opportunities and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sherren, Kate; Parkins, John R.; Smit, Michael; Holmlund, Mona; Chen, Yan

    2017-01-01

    Social impact assessment (SIA) is well-established but uses conventional approaches that have become less effective in recent decades, particularly in relation to declining survey response rates and a lack of youth engagement. Images from digital archives and social media sources are poised to advance the research and practice of SIA by transcending text-based methods with insights into changing landscapes, and human engagement with them. This viewpoint describes progress, challenges and cautions toward the development of such tools (defined as culturomics), using hydroelectricity cases to illustrate potential approaches. These tools build on foundational work in a range of disciplines, including the humanities and computer science. We describe necessary advances in machine learning, image digitization, and data aggregation and visualization techniques, as well as ways to ensure that such tools are carefully tested, applied and interpreted. Challenges include the automation, acquisition and management of datasets, and using these tools appropriately and equitably. Critically, culturomics of any kind must not be used as a replacement for engagement with people, but as complementary to inclusive stakeholder engagement. - Highlights: •Image-based digital archives and social media present opportunities for new SIA tools. •Application-ready big data approaches are emerging across many fields. •SIA scholars, practitioners and stakeholders should engage with culturomics. •Challenges include automation, digitization, interpretation and justice. •Culturomics of any kind must not replace engagement with people.

  3. Road Materials and Pavement Design, Volume 17(3)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, Morris

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Environment, Pretoria, South Africa Jo Sias Daniel - University of New Hampshire, USA Zhongyin Guo - Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R. of China Kwang W. Kim - Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea Niki Kringos - KTH Royal Institute of Technology...

  4. Road Materials and Pavement Design volume 17(4).

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, Morris

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Environment, Pretoria, South Africa Jo Sias Daniel - University of New Hampshire, USA Zhongyin Guo - Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R. of China Kwang W. Kim - Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea Niki Kringos - KTH Royal Institute of Technology...

  5. A New Approach to Structural Reliability in Fatigue Failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    6. AUTHOR(S) Dr. Sia Nemat-Nasser (PI) Dr. Joseph Zarka 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAMES(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION UniveBity of...their own problems. IV PUBLICATIONS Huang, J., J. Zarka and P. Navidi, "A New Approach in Relaibility of Welded Structures," Proceedings of the ASCE

  6. A Comparison of Nurse Staffing Methods Used by the United States Air Force and Selected Civilian Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    important part of any patient classification system is its interrater reliability. Phyilis Giovanneti defines interrater relaibility as "the result of two...patient’s tyse. MEDIW.S uses five types, whereas MDAX uses four and WMSN uses siA ,. Furthermore, the MEDiWS and WMSN lnd cators carry the same po nt va

  7. United States Strategic Military Access in Northeast Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    port in Mombasa, Kenya and Nairobi. 45 LIBYA EGYPT RED L NASSEC SIA Port Sucan Suak~in Bert~erS Albara Omdurma FiqWrd 3. Sudan Ed~uei G enein El~t d...dependability or reli- ability of access agreements with these four states, and how relaible the current recimes are from Washington’s perspective

  8. Franco Palazzi, Eichmann e noi – una rilettura di Hannah Arendt sul ‘giudizio’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pievatolo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Uno studioso davvero giovane, Franco Palazzi, ha depositato il suo articolo nell’archivio Marini, mettendolo a disposizione di tutti, qui. Per quanto il suo testo sia solo una fase di un work in progress che ancora lascia molte questioni aperte, riteniamo...

  9. Science in Action: How Middle School Students Are Changing Their World through STEM Service-Learning Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Jane L.; Dantzler, John; Coleman, April N.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of Science in Action (SIA) was to examine the relationship between implementing quality science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) service-learning (SL) projects and the effect on students' academic engagement in middle school science, civic responsibility, and resilience to at-risk behaviors. The innovative project funded by…

  10. Enzymatic Decoration of Prebiotic Galacto-oligosaccharides (Vivinal® GOS) with Sialic Acid using Trypanosoma cruzi Trans-Sialidase and Two Bovine Sialoglycoconjugates as Donor Substrates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilbrink, Maarten Hotse; Ten Kate, Geert Albert; Sanders, Peter; Gerwig, Gerrit J; van Leeuwen, Sander S; Sallomons, Erik; Klarenbeek, Bert; Hage, Johannes H; van Vuure, Carine A; Dijkhuizen, Lubbert; Kamerling, Johannis P

    2015-01-01

    Decoration of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) with sialic acid yields mixtures of GOS and sialylated GOS (Sia-GOS), novel products that are expected to have both prebiotic and anti-adhesive functionalities. The recombinantly produced trans-sialidase enzyme from Trypanosoma cruzi (TcTS), an

  11. Epidural versus In postoperatIve intramuscular pain relief pethidine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Epidural versus. •. •. In postoperatIve ... would be left entirely up to them and they would receive analge- sia whenever they .... Fusion right knee. Epidural. 15 ..... reaches the brain but that its action persists in the spinal cord. The onset of ...

  12. Integrating community perceptions and cultural diversity in social impact assessment in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nzeadibe, Thaddeus Chidi; Ajaero, Chukwuedozie Kelechukwu; Okonkwo, Emeka Emmanuel; Okpoko, Patrick Uche; Akukwe, Thecla Iheoma; Njoku-Tony, Roseline Feechi

    2015-01-01

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act of 1992 aimed to make the environment a central theme in development in Nigeria. Nevertheless, the extent of engagement with local cultures in the Nigerian EIA process is not statutorily guaranteed. While most EIAs in Nigeria have been for oil and gas projects in the Niger Delta, and have focused strongly on the biophysical environment, socio-economic and cultural aspects have remained marginal. The palpable neglect of community perceptions and cultural diversity in social impact assessment (SIA) in this region prone to conflict has tended to alienate the people in the decision-making process. Thus, despite claims to compliance with regulatory requirements for EIAs, and numerous purported sustainable development initiatives by international oil companies (IOCs), the region continues to face multiple sustainability challenges. This paper situates local perceptions and cultural diversity in participatory development and canvasses the integration of community perceptions and cultural diversity into SIA in the Niger Delta region. It is argued that doing this would be critical to ensuring acceptance and success of development actions within the context of local culture while also contributing to sustainable development policy in the region. - Highlights: • Nigeria EIA Act aimed to make the environment central to development in Nigeria. • Engagement with local communities in the process is not statutorily guaranteed. • SIAs in Nigeria neglect community perceptions and cultural diversity. • Article canvasses integrating community perceptions and cultural diversity in SIA. • Local acceptance in context of culture would yield sustainable development outcomes

  13. U.S. EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 09/28/1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... lind HI"knti,·.,~ l~'\\ &1 Dtpf'mcd. I.,r t1, l'" ,tj .... ,ii{ ... Ul#-'~~U I), CtI.,If ... ~1 c' .... Q. '"fJ 0.''"'1.-(.01,1 .ntcI •• rod#' II(..JI ettec1lwe ';au",,1 SIa;."flo)(oec .. ...

  14. Ex-Ante Impact Assessment of Water Policy Reform in South-Eastern Tunisia: A CGE Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdelahim, M.A.; Chant, L.J.; Abdallah, A.; Sghaier, M.

    2011-01-01

    Localizada no sudeste da Tunísia, o território Medenine é caracterizado por um clima árido. A escassez de água foi acentuada pela crescente demanda de diferentes setores econômicos. A competição inter-setorial pela água, principalmente entre o turismo e a agricultura, representa um grande problema.

  15. Viral hemagglutinin-esterases: Mediators of dynamic virion-glycan interactions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langereis, M.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304823597

    2011-01-01

    The sialic acids (Sias), a diverse family of 9-carbon sugars, are among the most important molecules of life. Commonly occurring as terminal residues of glycans on proteins and lipids, they are key elements of glycotopes of cellular lectins and there is accumulating evidence for them to act as

  16. Precarietà e spazi nella società digitale. Intervista a Carlo Formenti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliana Armano

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Nella call supponiamo che uno degli elementi caratterizzanti la connettività sia la ridefinizione dei "confini" in termini spaziali ma anche tra produzione e consumo, identitari e relazionali, di accesso alla conoscenza e in definitiva di potere. Qual è la sua opinione e che cosa ne pensa della ridefinizione dei confini?

  17. Marina Constantatos (University of Cape Town) Rosanna Bettarini ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    convegni, capitoli di libro, note introduttive, pagine di quotidiani quali “Il. Secolo XIX” e “Il Sole 24 Ore”, sia per quanto concerne gli argomenti trattati, tanto questioni strettamente filologiche quanto problematiche di tipo più ampiamente letterario e anche ricordi autobiografici della propria conoscenza con il poeta.

  18. ARTICLES / SAGGI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    tardi, nel V libro dei Discorsi del poema eroico. 5, il Tasso, dopo aver affermato che non solo Dante ha innalzato il livello di reputazione dell'allegoria, ma che tutta la Commedia poggia su basi allegoriche (“non è parte che non sia allegorica”)6 ribadisca il concetto della medesima postilla: “Ma egli non dechiara se stesso ...

  19. How Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) over the past 25 years has changed our way of performing chemical analyses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Elo Harald; Miró, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    Briefly looking back on the impact of flow injection analysis (FIA), as reflected in the rapid growth of publications in the scientific literature, and touching upon many of the novel and unique analytical chemical possibilities that FIA and its sequels, sequential injection analysis (SIA) and La...

  20. Derivation of kinetic coefficients by atomistic methods for studying defect behavior in Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Insepov, Z.; Rest, J.; Yacout, A.M.; Kuksin, A.Yu.; Norman, G.E.; Stegailov, V.V.; Starikov, S.V.; Yanilkin, A.V.

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► A multiscale concept couples molecular dynamics (MD) with ab initio and kinetic rate theory. ► Evolution of a system of self-interstitial atoms and vacancies in Mo is studied by MD. ► Formation of di-SIA clusters and SIA–vacancy recombination is analyzed. ► 1D diffusion of self-interstitials at various temperature and defect concentrations were studied. ► This paper provides a powerful predictive tool for simulating irradiation of nuclear materials. - Abstract: A multiscale concept for irradiated materials simulation is formulated based on coupling molecular dynamics simulations (MD) where the potential was obtained from ab initio data of energies of the basic defect structures, with kinetic mesoscale models. The evolution of a system containing self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) and vacancies in crystalline molybdenum is investigated by means of MD. The kinetics of formation of di-SIA clusters and SIA–vacancy recombination is analyzed via approaches used in the kinetic theory of radiation ageing. The effects of 1D diffusion of SIAs, temperature, and defect concentrations on the reaction rates are also studied. This approach can validate both the kinetic mechanisms and the appropriate kinetic coefficients, offering the potential to significantly reduce the uncertainty of the kinetic methodology and providing a powerful predictive tool for simulating irradiation behavior of nuclear materials.