WorldWideScience

Sample records for si die attachment

  1. Maintaining Low Voiding Solder Die Attach for Power Die While Minimizing Die Tilt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamm, Randy; Peterson, Kenneth A.

    2015-10-01

    This paper addresses work to minimize voiding and die tilt in solder attachment of a large power die, measuring 9.0 mm X 6.5 mm X 0.1 mm (0.354” x 0.256” x 0.004”), to a heat spreader. As demands for larger high power die continue, minimizing voiding and die tilt is of interest for improved die functionality, yield, manufacturability, and reliability. High-power die generate considerable heat, which is important to dissipate effectively through control of voiding under high thermal load areas of the die while maintaining a consistent bondline (minimizing die tilt). Voiding was measured using acoustic imaging and die tilt was measured using two different optical measurement systems. 80Au-20Sn solder reflow was achieved using a batch vacuum solder system with optimized fixturing. Minimizing die tilt proved to be the more difficult of the two product requirements to meet. Process development variables included tooling, weight and solder preform thickness.

  2. Reliability Testing the Die-Attach of CPV Cell Assemblies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosco, N.; Sweet, C.; Kurtz, S.

    2011-02-01

    Results and progress are reported for a course of work to establish an efficient reliability test for the die-attach of CPV cell assemblies. Test vehicle design consists of a ~1 cm2 multijunction cell attached to a substrate via several processes. A thermal cycling sequence is developed in a test-to-failure protocol. Methods of detecting a failed or failing joint are prerequisite for this work; therefore both in-situ and non-destructive methods, including infrared imaging techniques, are being explored as a method to quickly detect non-ideal or failing bonds.

  3. V.I. Romeiko Gurko: Van militere attache tot generaal aan die Oosfront

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Boereleer gestuur. Die Russiese Generale Staf het 'n attache, kolonel Pavel A. Stakhovich, na die Britse leer en een attache, luitenant-kolonel. Vassilii I. Romeiko Gurko na die Republieke ge- stuur. Gurko het op die stoomskip 'Natal' op 24. Januarie 1900 in Lourenc;;o Marques aangekom en was op 26 Januarie in Pretoria ...

  4. Recycling of Al-Si die casting scraps for solar Si feedstock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Kum-Hee; Jeon, Je-Beom; Youn, Ji-Won; Kim, Suk Jun; Kim, Ki-Young

    2016-05-01

    Recycling of aluminum die-casting scraps for solar-grade silicon (SOG-Si) feedstock was performed successfully. 3 N purity Si was extracted from A383 die-casting scrap by using the combined process of solvent refining and an advanced centrifugal separation technique. The efficiency of separating Si from scrap alloys depended on both impurity level of scraps and the starting temperature of centrifugation. Impurities in melt and processing temperature governed the microstructure of the primary Si. The purity of Si extracted from the scrap melt was 99.963%, which was comparable to that of Si extracted from a commercial Al-30 wt% Si alloy, 99.980%. The initial purity of the scrap was 2.2% lower than that of the commercial alloy. This result confirmed that die-casting scrap is a potential source of high-purity Si for solar cells.

  5. Sintered Ag die attach as a solution to improve thermal performance of high power modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansi, Mohammed S.

    The move to smaller electronics packages with higher numbers of I/Os has significantly increased power densities. The increase of power density puts more emphasis on finding solutions to improve the thermal performance of electronics packages. In wire bonded chips, the die attach layer plays a significant role in thermal performance as it establishes the main heat dissipation path from the chip. The use of sintered Ag as a die attach material to improve thermal performance is investigated in this research. A thermal simulation tool (FloTHERM) was used to study the thermal performance of five different sintered Ag die attach materials and compare their performance to the performance of silver filled epoxy die attach. Thermal simulation results showed low thermal improvement in the Theta-JA (thetaJA) value while higher thermal improvement in the Theta-JC (thetaJC) value was observed. Also, this research correlates the thermal simulation results with real-world measurements.

  6. Dying To Be Thin: Attachment to Death in Anorexia Nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yael Latzer

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Anorexia Nervosa (AN usually follows a prolonged course accompanied by significant morbidity and high mortality. AN patients have been found to have elevated and attempted suicide rates, with suicide being the second most common cause of death in AN after the complications of the disorder itself. The suicide risk in AN is similar to that in major depression or conduct disorder and linked mainly to longer duration of illness, lower weight, bingeing and purging, impulsivity-related manifestations, comorbid substance abuse, and affective disorder. This paper reviews suicidal tendency and disturbed body image, death and eating disorders, and attachment and death with clinical implications related to AN.

  7. Attachment/detachment: forces influencing care of the dying in long-term care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, S A; Daley, B J

    1998-01-01

    Death occurs among older adults in institutions more often than at home with family and friends. The older people are, the more likely they are to die in a nursing home. The purpose of this study was to describe staff and administrator's perspectives on death and dying in long-term care and to explore problems in providing humane care to dying residents that fosters gentle closure to life. Using focus group interviews as the primary data collection method, 22 focus group sessions were conducted in 11 nursing homes. Separate group sessions were held for staff and administrators in the nursing homes. The core variable identified in this study was the attachment of staff to residents in long term care. Attachment enhanced the quality of terminal care and fostered a gentle closure to life. Mediating forces influencing the process of attachment were identified as individual forces, as well as forces internal and external to the nursing home.

  8. Attachment of MEM piezoresistive silicon pressure sensor dies using different adhesives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jović Vesna B.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives comparison and discussion of adhesives used for attachment of silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor dies. Special attention is paid on low pressure sensor dies because of their extreme sensitivity on stresses, which can arise from packaging procedure and applied materials. Commercially available adhesives “Scotch Weld 2214 Hi-Temp” from “3M Co.” and “DM2700P/H848” from “DIEMAT”, USA, were compared. First of them is aluminum filled epoxy adhesive and second is low melting temperature (LMT glass paste. Comparing test results for low pressure sensor chips we found that LMT glass (glass frit is better adhesive for this application. Applying LMT glass paste minimizes internal stresses caused by disagreement of coefficients of thermal expansions between sensor die and housing material. Also, it minimizes stresses introduced during applying external loads in the process of pressure measuring. Regarding the measurements, for the sensors installed with filled epoxy paste, resistor for compensation of temperature offset change had negative values in all cases, which means that linear temperature compensation, of sensors installed this way, would be impossible. In the sensors installed with LMT glass paste, all results, without exception, were in their common limits (values, which give the possibility of passive temperature compensation. Furthermore, LMT glass attachment can broaden temperature operating range of MEM silicon pressure sensors towards higher values, up to 120 ºC.

  9. Tribological Properties of AlSi11-SiCp Composite Castings Produced by Pressure Die Casting Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konopka Z.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The measurement results concerning the abrasive wear of AlSi11-SiC particles composites are presented in paper. The method of preparing a composite slurry composed of AlSi11 alloy matrix and 10, 20% vol.% of SiC particles, as well as the method of its high-pressure die casting was described. Composite slurry was injected into metal mould of cold chamber pressure die cast machine and castings were produced at various values of the piston velocity in the second stage of injection, diverse intensification pressure values, and various injection gate width values. Very good uniform arrangement of SiC particles in volume composite matrix was observed and these results were publicated early in this journal. The kinetics of abrasive wear and correlation with SiC particles arrangement in composite matrix were presented. Better wear resistance of composite was observed in comparison with aluminium alloy. Very strong linear correlation between abrasive wear and particle arrangement was observed. The conclusion gives the analysis and the interpretation of the obtained results.

  10. The Influence of Pressure Die Casting Parameters on the Castability of AlSi11-SiCp Composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konopka Z.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the method of preparing a composite slurry composed of AlSi11 alloy matrix and 10 vol.% of SiC particles, as well as the method of its high-pressure die casting and the measurement results concerning the castability of the obtained composite. Composite castings were produced at various values of the piston velocity in the second stage of injection, diverse intensification pressure values, and various injection gate width values. There were found the regression equations describing the change of castability of the examined composite as a function of pressure die casting process parameters. The conclusion gives the analysis and the interpretation of the obtained results.

  11. Metallographic assessment of Al-12Si high-pressure die casting escalator steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Voort, George Frederic; Suárez-Peña, Beatriz; Asensio-Lozano, Juan

    2014-10-01

    A microstructural characterization study was performed on high-pressure die cast specimens extracted from escalator steps manufactured from an Al-12 wt.% Si alloy designed for structural applications. Black and white, color light optical imaging and scanning electron microscopy techniques were used to conduct the microstructural analysis. Most regions in the samples studied contained globular-rosette primary α-Al grains surrounded by an Al-Si eutectic aggregate, while primary dendritic α-Al grains were present in the surface layer. This dendritic microstructure was observed in the regions where the melt did not impinge directly on the die surface during cavity filling. Consequently, microstructures in the surface layer were nonuniform. Utilizing physical metallurgy principles, these results were analyzed in terms of the applied pressure and filling velocity during high-pressure die casting. The effects of these parameters on solidification at different locations of the casting are discussed.

  12. Effects of Die-Attach Quality on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes Packaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piaopiao He

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The reliability of high-power light-emitting-diode (LED devices strongly depends on the die-attach quality because voids may increase junction temperature and total thermal resistance of LED devices. Die-attach material has a key role in the thermal management of high-power LED package by providing low-contact thermal resistance. Thermal and mechanical analyses were carried out by experiments and thermal simulation. The quantitative analysis results show that thermal resistance of die-attach layer (thermal resistance caused by die-attach material and voids in die-attach layer plays an important role in total thermal resistance of high-power LED packaging according to the differential structure function of thermal transient characteristics. The increase of void fraction in die-attach layer causes the increases of thermal resistance of die-attach layer; the thermal resistance increased by 1.95 K/W when the void fraction increased to 62.45%. The voids also make an obvious influence on thermal stress and thermal strain of chip; the biggest thermal stress of chip was as high as 847.1 MPa compared to the 565.2 MPa when the void fraction increases from being void-free to 30% in the die-attach layer.

  13. Influence of refining process on the porosity of high pressure die casting alloy Al-Si

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.W. Orlowicz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study presents research results of the influence that refining and transfer of AlSi12S alloy on the porosity of high pressure diecastings.Tests were conducted under production conditions of Die-casting Foundry META-ZEL Sp z o.o. The operation of refining was conducted in a melting furnace, with the use of an FDU Mini Degasser. Decay of the refining effect was assessed by evaluating the porosity content and metallographic examination.

  14. Die degradation effect on aging rate in accelerated cycling tests of SiC power MOSFET modules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luo, Haoze; Baker, Nick; Iannuzzo, Francesco

    2017-01-01

    In order to distinguish the die and bond wire degradations, in this paper both the die and bond wire resistances of SiC MOSFET modules are measured and tested during the accelerated cycling tests. It is proved that, since the die degradation under specific conditions increases the temperature swi......, bond wires undergo harsher thermo-mechanical stress than expected. The experimental results confirm the die-related thermal failure mechanism. An improved degradation model is proposed for the bond-wire resistance increase in case of die degradation....

  15. Thermal characteristic of sintered AgeCu nano-paste for high-temperature die-attach application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tan, Kim Seah; Cheong, Kuan Yew; Wong, Yew Hoong

    2015-01-01

    In this work, thermal characteristic of silver-copper (Ag-Cu) nano-paste that consists of a mixture of nano-sized Ag and Cu particles and organic compounds meant for high-temperature die-attach application is reported. The Ag-Cu nano-paste was sintered at 380 deg. C for 30 min without the need of applying external pressure and the effect of Cu loading (20-80 wt%) on the thermal properties was investigated in against of pure Ag nano-paste and pure Cu nano-paste. The results showed the specific heat of sintered Ag-Cu nano-paste was increased as the loading of Cu increased. For thermal conductivity and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of sintered Ag-Cu nano-paste, a declining trend has been recorded with the increment of Cu loading. Overall, the sintered Ag-Cu nano-paste with 20 wt% of Cu loading has demonstrated the best combination of thermal conductivity (K) and CTE (α), which were 159 W/m K and 13 x 10 -6 /K, respectively. It has proven that there was a strong correlation between the amount of pores and thermal properties of the nano-paste. The ratio of K/α is a performance index (M), which has shown a higher value (12.2 x 10 6 W/m) than most of the commonly used die-attach systems. Finally, the Ag-Cu nano-paste has demonstrated a melting point of 955 deg. C, which can be proposed as an alternative high-temperature die-attach material

  16. Microstructural effects of phosphorus on pressure die cast Al-12Si components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suárez-Peña, B.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The refinement of cuboidal silicon in eutectic Al-Si alloys by phosphorus additions used to manufacture pressure die cast components was studied. The results show that the addition of phosphorus in the form of AlFeP mother alloy before process degassing, leads to the best refinement of the size of the Si-cuboids phase, among several phosphorus additions analysed in the present research.

    Se ha estudiado el afino del silicio cuboidal en aleaciones eutécticas Al-Si por acción del fósforo, en piezas obtenidas mediante la técnica de fundición a presión. Tras la adición de fósforo en pruebas industriales, en las que dicho elemento se incorpora al baño con diversas composiciones, los mejores resultados se obtienen con la adición de la aleación madre AlFeP, previa al desgasificado industrial.

  17. Effect of Heat Treatment on Commercial AlSi12Cu1(Fe) and AlSi12(b) Aluminum Alloy Die Castings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battaglia, E.; Bonollo, F.; Ferro, P.; Fabrizi, A.

    2018-03-01

    High-pressure die castings (HPDCs) cannot normally be heat-treated at a high temperature because of the presence of inner air/gas- or shrinkage-porosity that may lead to the formation of undesired surface blisters. In this paper, an unconventional heat treatment is proposed. Two secondary Al-Si alloys, AlSi12(b) and AlSi12Cu1(Fe), were stabilization heat-treated at 624 K (350 °C) with soaking times ranging from 1 to 8 hours. Enhancement of both static and dynamic mechanical properties was found to be related to the fragmentation of interconnected eutectic Si particles and the smoothing of coarser crystals. Increased ductility after heat treatment was correlated with a decrease in hardness and Si particle roundness. The formation of Si precipitates within the α-Al matrix was also observed.

  18. Analysis of the creep behaviour of die-cast Mg–3Al–1Si alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu, S.M.; Easton, M.A.; Gibson, M.A.; Dargusch, M.S.; Nie, J.F.

    2013-01-01

    The creep behaviour of die-cast Mg–3Al–1Si (AS31) alloy has been studied at 125 °C, 150 °C and 175 °C with stresses ranging 50–110 MPa. The alloy exhibits anomalously high stress exponents, i.e. 14.4 at 125 °C, 11.6 at 150 °C and 9.5 at 175 °C. Contrary to work reported previously, these high stress exponents cannot be rationalised using the threshold stress approach that is commonly adopted in analysing creep behaviour of dispersion strengthened alloys or metal matrix composites. It is shown that the observed high stress exponents are associated with the dominance of power-law breakdown creep in this study, and the stress dependence can be well described by the Garofalo sinh relationship with the natural exponent of 5. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations reveal that cross-slip of 〈a〉 type dislocations is probably the controlling creep mechanism

  19. Water mist effect on cooling process of casting die and microstructure of AlSi9 alloy

    OpenAIRE

    R. Władysiak

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents the results of crystallization and cooling process of silumin AlSi9 and temperature distribution in the wall of research casting dies made of cast iron and steel in the temperature range 650100C during casting of silumin using water mist cooling consisting with air compressed (0,30,4 MPa) and water (0,350,45 MPa). It’s shown the nature and rate of change of casting die temperature and the formation of the temperature gradient at the wall thickness in the axis of the nozzle ...

  20. The Influence of Pressure Die Casting Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of AlSi11/10 Vol.% SiC Composite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konopka Z.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the method of preparing a composite slurry composed of AlSi11 alloy matrix and 10 vol.% of SiC particles, as well as the method of its high-pressure die casting and the measurement results concerning the tensile strength, the yield point, the elongation and hardness of the obtained composite. Composite castings were produced at various values of the piston velocity in the second stage of injection, diverse intensification pressure values, and various injection gate width values. There were found the regression equations describing the change of mechanical properties of the examined composite as a function of pressure die casting process parameters. The conclusion gives the analysis and the interpretation of the obtained results.

  1. Attachments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In this attachment to the Annual report 1999 of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) the economic and personnel data of the UJD, used abbreviations, as well as the International nuclear event scales - INES are presented. Professional level of staff of the UJD is influenced by the education structure of its staff, when nearly 75% of the total number of staff has a university degree. A of 31.12.1999 there were 79 employees as average calculated number. Financing of the regulator in 1999 was mainly provided from the state budget, which represented 96% of all expenditures. The total volume of expenditures for UJD activity funded from the state budget achieved as of 31.12.1999 Slovak crowns (SK) 67 067 thousands. In the main category of expenditures an amount of SK 63 499 thous. was used for current activities, and the difference of SK 3 587 thous. was used for raising capital assets. Significant increase expenditures in the evaluated year compared to the 1998 was caused by a special purpose payment made by the Slovakia into the Fund for reconstruction of the Chernobyl cover (SK 19 996 thous.) funded through the budget chapter of the regulator. In the structure of current expenditures the highest share is taken by current transfers to abroad in total of SK 22 543 thous., i.e. contribution to reconstruction of Chernobyl cover made to the EBRD and contributions to the Fund of Technical Co-operation of the IAEA. For procurement of goods and services an amount of SK 19 814 thous. was spent, of which SK 7 054 thous. was used for funding science and technology tasks which were contracted out. The decision-making process in performing state supervision forced UJD to contact out various expert opinions and studies, for which UJD paid SK 2 058 thous. in total. Other expenditures in a volume of SK 10 702 thous. represent travel expenses, goods and services for UJD, rent for offices and other inevitable expenses. Salaries of staff represented SK 15 953

  2. Contact Behavior of Composite CrTiSiN Coated Dies in Compressing of Mg Alloy Sheets under High Pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Yang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Hard coatings have been adopted in cutting and forming applications for nearly two decades. The major purpose of using hard coatings is to reduce the friction coefficient between contact surfaces, to increase strength, toughness and anti-wear performance of working tools and molds, and then to obtain a smooth work surface and an increase in service life of tools and molds. In this report, we deposited a composite CrTiSiN hard coating, and a traditional single-layered TiAlN coating as a reference. Then, the coatings were comparatively studied by a series of tests. A field emission SEM was used to characterize the microstructure. Hardness was measured using a nano-indentation tester. Adhesion of coatings was evaluated using a Rockwell C hardness indentation tester. A pin-on-disk wear tester with WC balls as sliding counterparts was used to determine the wear properties. A self-designed compression and friction tester, by combining a Universal Testing Machine and a wear tester, was used to evaluate the contact behavior of composite CrTiSiN coated dies in compressing of Mg alloy sheets under high pressure. The results indicated that the hardness of composite CrTiSiN coating was lower than that of the TiAlN coating. However, the CrTiSiN coating showed better anti-wear performance. The CrTiSiN coated dies achieved smooth surfaces on the Mg alloy sheet in the compressing test and lower friction coefficient in the friction test, as compared with the TiAlN coating.

  3. Contact Behavior of Composite CrTiSiN Coated Dies in Compressing of Mg Alloy Sheets under High Pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, T S; Yao, S H; Chang, Y Y; Deng, J H

    2018-01-08

    Hard coatings have been adopted in cutting and forming applications for nearly two decades. The major purpose of using hard coatings is to reduce the friction coefficient between contact surfaces, to increase strength, toughness and anti-wear performance of working tools and molds, and then to obtain a smooth work surface and an increase in service life of tools and molds. In this report, we deposited a composite CrTiSiN hard coating, and a traditional single-layered TiAlN coating as a reference. Then, the coatings were comparatively studied by a series of tests. A field emission SEM was used to characterize the microstructure. Hardness was measured using a nano-indentation tester. Adhesion of coatings was evaluated using a Rockwell C hardness indentation tester. A pin-on-disk wear tester with WC balls as sliding counterparts was used to determine the wear properties. A self-designed compression and friction tester, by combining a Universal Testing Machine and a wear tester, was used to evaluate the contact behavior of composite CrTiSiN coated dies in compressing of Mg alloy sheets under high pressure. The results indicated that the hardness of composite CrTiSiN coating was lower than that of the TiAlN coating. However, the CrTiSiN coating showed better anti-wear performance. The CrTiSiN coated dies achieved smooth surfaces on the Mg alloy sheet in the compressing test and lower friction coefficient in the friction test, as compared with the TiAlN coating.

  4. Effect of Selected Parameters of Pressure Die Casting on Quality of AlSi9Cu3 Castings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pałyga Ł.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results on the effects of die-casting process on the strength parameters of castings of the aluminium AlSi9Cu3 alloy belonging to the group of EN AB-46000, made on renovated high pressure die-casting machine. Specimens for quality testing were taken from the places of the casting most loaded during the service. The aim of a research was to prove how the new die-casting process control capabilities influence on the tensile strength of the cast material defined as a value of the breaking force of the specimens. It has been found that it is possible to specify a set of recommended settings valves of second (II and third (III phase, which are responsible for filling the metal mould on die-casting pressure machine. From the point of view of the finished cast element, it was noticed that exceeding the prescribed values of valve settings does not bring further benefits and even causes unnecessary overload and reduce the durability of the mold. Moreover, it was noticed that reduction of the predetermined setting of the second phase (II valve leads to the formation of casting defects again.

  5. Carbides Evolution and Tensile Property of 4Cr5MoSiV1 Die Steel with Rare Earth Addition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanghang Liu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Studies of 4Cr5MoSiV1 die steel suggest that under appropriate conditions, additions of rare earth (RE can enhance tensile property. This improvement is apparently due to the more uniform distribution of carbides and the enhancement of precipitation strengthening after RE additions. In this present work, the effect of the RE addition on the carbides evolution and tensile property of 4Cr5MoSiV1 steel with various RE contents (0, 0.018, 0.048 and 0.15 wt % were systematically investigated. The two-dimensional detection techniques such as optical microscopy (OM, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, and X-ray diffraction (XRD were used to investigate the carbides evolution of as-cast, annealed and tempered with RE addition. The results indicated that the carbides in 4Cr5MoSiV1 steels were modified by adding the suitable amount of RE. The eutectic structure and coarse eutectic carbides were all refining and the morphology of the annealed carbides initiated change from strip shape to ellipsoidal shape compared with the unmodified test steel (0RE. In addition, the amount of the tempered M8C7 carbides increased initially and then decreased with the alteration of RE addition from 0.018 to 0.15 wt %. Notably, the tensile test indicated that the average value of ultimate tensile strength (UTS and elongation rate of 0.048RE steel increased slightly to 1474 MPa and 15%, higher than the 1452 MPa and 12% for the unmodified test steel (0RE, respectively. Such an addition of RE (0.048 wt % would have a significant effect on the carbides evolution of as-cast, annealed and tempered and resulting in the tensile property of 4Cr5MoSiV1 die steel.

  6. Effect of Casting Die Cooling on Solidification Process and Microstructure of Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Władysiak R.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The work is a continuation of research concerning the influence of intensive cooling of permanent mold in order to increase the casting efficiency of aluminium alloys using the multipoint water mist cooling system. The paper presents results of investigation of crystallization process and microstructure of synthetic hypereutectic alloys: AlSi15 and AlSi19. Casts were made in permanent mold cooled with water mist stream. The study was conducted for unmodified silumins on the research station allowing the cooling of the special permanent probe using a program of computer control. Furthermore the study used a thermal imaging camera to analyze the solidification process of hypereutectic silumins. The study demonstrated that the use of mold cooled with water mist stream allows in wide range the formation of the microstructure of hypereutectic silumins. It leads to higher homogeneity of microstructure and refinement of crystallizing phases and also it increases subsequently the mechanical properties of casting.

  7. Determination of the heat transfer coefficient at the metal-die interface for high pressure die cast AlSi9Cu3Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Long, Alastair; Thornhill, David; Armstrong, Cecil; Watson, David

    2011-01-01

    When simulating the High Pressure Die Casting 'HPDC' process, the heat transfer coefficient 'HTC' between the casting and the die is critical to accurately predict the quality of the casting. To determine the HTC at the metal-die interface a production die for an automotive engine bearing beam, Die 1, was instrumented with type K thermocouples. A Magmasoft simulation model was generated with virtual thermocouple points placed in the same location as the production die. The temperature traces from the simulation model were compared to the instrumentation results. Using the default simulation HTC for the metal-die interface, a poor correlation was seen, with the temperature response being much less for the simulation model. Because of this, the HTC at the metal-die interface was modified in order to get a better fit. After many simulation iterations, a good fit was established using a peak HTC of 42,000 W/m 2 K, this modified HTC was further validated by a second instrumented production die, proving that the modified HTC gives good correlation to the instrumentation trials. The updated HTC properties for the simulation model will improve the predictive capabilities of the casting simulation software and better predict casting defects. - Highlights: → The HTC between the casting and die is critical to predict casting quality. → A Magmasoft simulation model was used to simulate the casting die. → A good fit to the simulation model was established using a peak HTC of 42 kW/m 2 K. → The improved simulation model will improve the accuracy to predict casting defects.

  8. Die-cast heterophase composites with AlSi13Mg1CuNi matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dyzia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the performed tests, an advantageous interaction of glassy carbon particles in a couple consisting of a heterophase composite and a spheroidal cast iron has been corroborated. It was found that, the presence of glassy carbon in the heterophase composite (SiC+C affects the stabilization of the friction coefficient value as a function of the friction distance and reduces the intensity of the wearing-in stage of the interacting surfaces. Both a decrease of the friction coefficient and the wear of the heterophase composites may be connected with the carbon particles' chipping effect and the deposition of its fragments on the surface of the interacting components of the friction couple, which forms a kind of a solid lubricating agent in the system. This should allow applying of this material to the composite piston - cylinder sleeve system in piston air-compressors. Further works will concern the selection of the matrix alloy composition with the purpose of reducing the phenomenon of particles chipping during machining. It seems that one of the possibilities is the application of a more plastic matrix and optimizing the fraction of reinforcing phases and their gradient distribution in the casting.

  9. A new approach to assess the effects of Sr and Bi interaction in ADC12 Al–Si die casting alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farahany, Saeed; Ourdjini, Ali; Abu Bakar, Tuty Asma; Idris, Mohd Hasbullah

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Interactive effect between Bi and Sr has been invesitigated comprehensively. • Sequence of addition did not affect thermal and microscopical characteristics. • A new map has been established to assess the final microstructure of castings. - Abstract: In the present paper, the possible interaction between bismuth and strontium in ADC12 die casting alloy was investigated comprehensively by using in situ thermal analysis technique. The characteristic temperatures including nucleation, minimum and growth temperatures of eutectic Al–Si were also analyzed. The results show that with Bi present in the Al–Si alloy melt the efficiency of Sr in modifying the eutectic Si is reduced. A threshold Sr/Bi ratio of at least 0.5 is required for a fully modified Si structure to form. A new map based on the characteristic temperatures, Sr/Bi ratio and microstructure, was established to assess the microstructure of fully solidified Al–Si castings

  10. A new approach to assess the effects of Sr and Bi interaction in ADC12 Al–Si die casting alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farahany, Saeed, E-mail: saeedfarahany@gmail.com; Ourdjini, Ali; Abu Bakar, Tuty Asma; Idris, Mohd Hasbullah

    2014-01-10

    Highlights: • Interactive effect between Bi and Sr has been invesitigated comprehensively. • Sequence of addition did not affect thermal and microscopical characteristics. • A new map has been established to assess the final microstructure of castings. - Abstract: In the present paper, the possible interaction between bismuth and strontium in ADC12 die casting alloy was investigated comprehensively by using in situ thermal analysis technique. The characteristic temperatures including nucleation, minimum and growth temperatures of eutectic Al–Si were also analyzed. The results show that with Bi present in the Al–Si alloy melt the efficiency of Sr in modifying the eutectic Si is reduced. A threshold Sr/Bi ratio of at least 0.5 is required for a fully modified Si structure to form. A new map based on the characteristic temperatures, Sr/Bi ratio and microstructure, was established to assess the microstructure of fully solidified Al–Si castings.

  11. Die-cast of a hypo-eutectic AL-SI alloy: influence of injection temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, Silvano Leal dos; Santos, Sydney Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Die-casting is widely used for manufacturing light alloy components for automotive industry. Among others, hypo-eutectic Al-Si alloys are currently processed by die-casting. To obtain high quality die-cast components, a better understanding on the correlations between processing parameters, microstructures, and mechanical properties are of utmost importance. In this study, we investigate the effect of injection temperature of liquid metal on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Si alloy EN AC 46000 (DIN designation). The injection temperatures were 579, 589, 643, and 709 deg C. As-cast components had their microstructures analyzed by X-ray diffraction, optical and scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy. The mechanical properties were examined by micro-hardness and tensile tests. It was observed that the ultimate tensile strength slightly increased with the increase of injection temperature. The same trend was observed for micro-hardness. The amount of porosity in the samples varies in a small amount for different injection temperatures. On the other hand, the microstructure of the alloys seems more refined for higher temperatures of injection. This refinement in microstructure might play a major role on the mechanical properties of the Al-Si die-cast alloy. (author)

  12. Covalently attached organic monolayers on SiC and SixN4 surfaces: Formation using UV light at room temperature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosso, M.; Giesbers, M.; Arafat, A.; Schroën, C.G.P.H.; Zuilhof, H.

    2009-01-01

    We describe the formation of alkyl monolayers on silicon carbide (SiC) and silicon-rich silicon nitride (SixN4) surfaces, using UV irradiation in the presence of alkenes. Both the surface preparation and the monolayer attachment were carried out under ambient conditions. The stable coatings obtained

  13. Reducing the life cycle cost of pumps with cast SiC mineral; Mit SiC-Mineralguss die Lebenszykluskosten von Pumpen senken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duechting, W. [Duechting Pumpen Maschinenfabrik GmbH und Co. KG, Witten-Annen (Germany)

    2000-12-01

    The author investigated how the life cycle cost of pumps can be reduced with new materials, e.g. so-called polymer concrete according to DILN 16945. He describes the goals and results of his investigations. [German] Lebenszykluskosten sind heute in aller Munde. Man weiss inzwischen, dass die Beschaffungskosten von Pumpen manchmal nur bis zu 10% der Lebenszykluskosten betragen. Daher ist es sehr bedeutsam, sich mit allen diesen Kosten zu beschaeftigen und dabei abzuwaegen, wie man diese im positiven Sinne beeinflussen kann. Den Beitrag zur Reduzierung der Gesamtlebenszykluskosten bildet die Werkstoffgruppe Mineralguss, die bereits in den 80er Jahren im Werkzeugmaschinenbau Eingang gefunden hatte. Der sogenannte Polymerbeton gemaess DIN 16945 ist kein homogenes Material, sondern besteht aus unterschiedlichen Komponenten, die nicht in Mischkristallstruktur oder molekularen Ketten vorliegen, sondern als heterogenes Material mit Harz als Bindungsmittel verbunden Quarzmehl und anderes granulares Material dienen als Fuellstoffe. Da die Einzelkomponenten einen unterschiedlichen Schmelzpunkt haben, ist es nicht moeglich, dieses Material in homogener Form vorliegen zu haben. Im Allgemeinen koennen die Hersteller von Fluidmaschinen ein solches Material in heterogener Form einsetzen, jedoch muss der Mineralguss hinsichtlich Fuellstoffe und Bindemittel den Anforderungen an die zu foerdernden Medien angepasst werden. Z. B. sollte das Bindemittel eine hoehere Temperaturbestaendigkeit besitzen als der thermoplastische Kunststoff und die Fuellstoffe eine hoehere Verschleissbestaendigkeit als normaler oder hochlegierter Stahl. Das Ergebnis war ein Mineralguss von hoher Guete, bestmoeglich gefuellt mit feinkoernigem Siliciumcarbid und eingebunden in einem speziellen Epoxidharz. (orig./AKF)

  14. Wettability Effect of PECVD-SiOx Films on Poly(lactic acid) Induced by Oxygen Plasma on Protein Adsorption and Cell Attachment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarapirom, S.; Lee, J. S.; Jin, S. B.; Song, D. H.; Yu, L. D.; Han, J. G.; Chaiwong, C.

    2013-04-01

    Surface wettability is an important property of biomaterials. Silicon oxide films have a wide range of applications due to a range of the properties such as the mechanical strength and surface wettability. This paper reports effect of the surface wettability of silicon oxide (SiOx) films on protein adsorption and cell attachment and proliferation. SiOx films were deposited onto poly(lactic acid) (PLA) substrate using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (OMCTS:Si4O4C8H24) was used as a precursor with O2 as a carrier gas. After deposition, the films were treated with O2-plasma to adapt wettability. It was found that O2-plasma enhanced the wettability of the films without changing the film thickness, while made the surface morphology slightly smoother. The polar component increased after O2-plasma treatment as observed in the contact angle measurements. The surface energy of the films was calculated by means of the Owens-Wendt method to resolve the contributions of polar and dispersive components. The chemical structure was characterized using attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The films were dense with a high Si-network structure. The reduced carbon content (-CHn, Si-CH3) and increased hydrogen content (-OH) of the O2-plasma treated SiOx films led to the polar components enhancing the SiOx wettability. Adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on the films was investigated by using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). More BSA was adsorbed onto the O2-plasma treated SiOx films. Attachment and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 mouse pre-osteoblasts and L929 mouse fibroblasts cells on the SiOx films were evaluated via MTT assay. The cells were attached more to the untreated SiOx films but proliferated more on the surface of the O2-plasma treated SiOx films depending on the cell types.

  15. The Effect of Water Mist Cooling of Casting Die on the Solidification, Microstructure and Properties of AlSi20 Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Władysiak R.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Unmodified AlSi20 alloy were casted at the research station, allowing for sequential multipoint cooling using a dedicated computer- controlled program. This method allows for the formation of the microstructure of hypereutectic AlSi20 alloy and also increases hardness. Primary silicon dendrites were found in the microstructure of cooled samples. Based on these dendrites, the formation of primary silicon particles is explained. Cooling of casting die with a water mist stream causes changes in solidification, which leads to expansion of the boundary layer with columnar crystals and shrinkage of the core zone with equiaxed crystals. It also causes more regular hardness distribution around pre-eutectic Si crystals, which can lead to tensile strength and machinability improvement.

  16. Elasto-Plastic-Creep Constitutive Equation of an Al-Si-Cu High-Pressure Die Casting Alloy for Thermal Stress Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motoyama, Yuichi; Shiga, Hidetoshi; Sato, Takeshi; Kambe, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Makoto

    2016-11-01

    Accurate simulation of residual stress and deformation is necessary to optimize the design and lifetime of casting components. Therefore, the recovery and strain-rate dependence of the stress-strain curve have been incorporated into empirical constitutive equations to improve the thermal stress analysis accuracy. Nevertheless, these equations present several difficulties related to the determination of material constants and their physical bases. This study suggested an empirical elasto-plastic-creep constitutive equation incorporating these phenomena. To determine the material parameters used in this constitutive equation, this study investigated tensile test methods to obtain stress-strain curves that most closely resemble those during or immediately after casting for the Al-Si-Cu high-pressure die-casting alloy JIS ADC 12 (A383.0), which exhibits natural aging. Results show that solution heat treatment with subsequent cooling to the test temperature should be applied to obtain stress-strain curves used for the thermal stress analysis of high-pressure die casting process of this alloy. The yield stresses obtained using the conventional heating method were 50-64 pct higher than those of the method described above. Therefore, the conventional method is expected to overestimate the overestimation of the predicted residual stress in die castings. Evaluation of the developed equation revealed that it can represent alloy recovery and strain-rate dependence.

  17. Packaged die heater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spielberger, Richard; Ohme, Bruce Walker; Jensen, Ronald J.

    2011-06-21

    A heater for heating packaged die for burn-in and heat testing is described. The heater may be a ceramic-type heater with a metal filament. The heater may be incorporated into the integrated circuit package as an additional ceramic layer of the package, or may be an external heater placed in contact with the package to heat the die. Many different types of integrated circuit packages may be accommodated. The method provides increased energy efficiency for heating the die while reducing temperature stresses on testing equipment. The method allows the use of multiple heaters to heat die to different temperatures. Faulty die may be heated to weaken die attach material to facilitate removal of the die. The heater filament or a separate temperature thermistor located in the package may be used to accurately measure die temperature.

  18. Photochemical attachment of organic monolayers onto H-terminated Si(111): Radical chain propagation observed via STM studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eves, B.J.; Sun, Q.Y.; Lopinski, G.P.; Zuilhof, H.

    2004-01-01

    Photochemical reactions of terminal alkenes with hydrogen-terminated silicon surfaces are being used by many groups to produce covalently attached organic monolayers with a wide range of terminal functionalities. Despite the considerable activity in this area, the mechanism for these reactions has

  19. Die wese van die geloof.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. S. De Klerk

    1957-03-01

    Full Text Available Waar ons op 31 Oktober weer dink aan die werk van die Hervorining, daar is dit nodig dat ons weer die aandag vestig op die geloofsworsteling van die manne van die Hervorming. Om daardie geloofsworsteling te verstaan is dit nodig om te let op die wese van die geloof.En om die wese van die geloof te verstaan is dit nodig om eers te let op die geloofsopvatting van Rome.

  20. Die instelling van die doop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Venter

    1989-05-01

    Full Text Available Die eerste plek in die evangeliebeskrywings waar daar van die doop as ’n opdrag van Jesus Christus gepraat word en waar die betekenis die duidelikste uitkristalliseer, staan in Matteus 28 : 16 - 20. Heilshistories gesien, is dit die begin van kerklike inlywing van die wat gehoor het hoedat Jesus sy koninkryk proklameer, die evangelie aanvaar en tot bekering kom. Vir die doel van hierdie artikel word hierdie gedeelte ondersoek om te sien hoe die instelling geskied het, wat die plek en betekenis van die Christelike doop is.

  1. Die Region braucht die Kultur - die Kultur braucht die Region

    OpenAIRE

    Klemm, Ulrich

    1995-01-01

    Die Region braucht die Kultur - die Kultur braucht die Region. - In: Region in Aktion - oder: Region im Abseits? - Boxberg-Wölchingen : Eigenständige Regionalentwicklung Baden-Württemberg, 1995. - S. 25 f.

  2. Die sideboard

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    man wat vir die De Bruins werk en Stella. Figland, 'n onderwyseres en Abraham se latere vrou. Abraham is op die punt om die grond waarop hulle boer, te koop wanneer die groot slag kom. In afwagting van die nuwe plant- seisoen word hierdie pastorale gemoedelik- heid waar Miena die Venters se eerste kleinkind.

  3. Flip-chip integration of Si bare dies on polymeric substrates at low temperature using ICA vias made in dry film photoresist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vásquez Quintero, Andrés; Briand, Danick; de Rooij, Nico F.

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, a low temperature flip-chip integration technique for Si bare dies is demonstrated on flexible PET substrates with screen-printed circuits. The proposed technique is based on patterned blind vias in dry film photoresist (DP) filled with isotropic conductive adhesive (ICA). The DP material serves to define the vias, to confine the ICA paste (80 µm-wide and potentially 25 µm-wide vias), as an adhesion layer to improve the mechanical robustness of the assembly, and to protect additional circuitry on the substrate. The technique is demonstrated using gold-bumped daisy chain chips (DCCs), with electrical vias resistances in the order to hundreds of milliohms, and peel/shear adhesion strengths of 0.7 N mm-1 and 3.2 MPa, respectively, (i.e. at 1.2 MPa of bonding pressure). Finally, the mechanical robustness to bending forces was optimized through flexural mechanics models by placing the neutral plane at the DCC/DP adhesive interface. The optimization was performed by reducing the Si thickness from 400 to 37 µm, and resulted in highly robust integrated assemblies withstanding 10 000 cycles of dynamic bending at 40 mm of radius, with relative changes in vias resistance lower than 20%. In addition, the electrical vias resistance and adhesion strengths were compared to samples integrated with anisotropic conductive adhesives (ACAs). Besides the low temperature and high integration resolution, the proposed method is compatible with large area fabrication and multilayer architectures on foil.

  4. Die nabyheid van die Koninkryk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.J. Snyman

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available Vanweë die belangrikheid daarvan volg hier ’n breër bespreking van die proefskrif van dr. Tjaart van der Walt oor die nabyheid van die Koninkryk as wat in ’n gewone resensie kan geskied. Die vraagstuk wat onder oë gesien word is so oud as die kerk en die teologie, soms minder en soms meer op die voorgrond. Tans kan gesê word, staan dit in die middelpunt. Daarby is dit nie maar ’n akademiese vraagstuk nie, maar ’n vraagstuk waarvoor elke nadenkende leser van die Skrif te staan kom.

  5. Die aktualisering van die gemeenskap van die gelowiges binne die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The youth experiences the pubHc service in the Neder- duitsch Hervormde Church of Africa as cold and dead. ... the public service, and the actualising of the believers. 1. RELEVANSIE VAN DIE TEMA ..... die erediens lean inrig sodat die volledige implikasie en appél van die Goddelike, vertikale indikatief na die horisontale ...

  6. Die topkwark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Tegen

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available ’n Oorsig van die belangrikheid van die onlangs ontdekte topkwark by Fermilab in Chicago word gegee. Daar word aangetnon dat die topkwark belangrik is in fisika van die Oerknal, oftewel "Big Bang", en in die Standaard Model van Elementêredeeltjie-fisika. Toepaslike literatuur vir verdere studie kan van die lys van verwysings in hierdie kort, nietegniese artikel, nagegaan word.

  7. Surface-initiated ring-opening metathesis polymerization (SI-ROMP) to attach a tethered organic corona onto CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vatansever, Fatma, E-mail: vatansever.fatma@mgh.harvard.edu; Hamblin, Michael R., E-mail: hamblin@helix.mgh.harvard.edu [Massachusetts General Hospital, Wellman Center for Photomedicine (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Core–shell CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) are useful as tunable photostable fluorophores for multiple applications in industry, biology, and medicine. However, to achieve the optimum optical properties, the surface of the QDs must be passivated to remove charged sites that might bind extraneous substances and allow aggregation. Here we describe a method of growing an organic polymer corona onto the QD surface using the bottom-up approach of surface-initiated ring-opening metathesis polymerization (SI-ROMP) with Grubbs catalyst. CdSe/ZnS QDs were first coated with mercaptopropionic acid by displacing the original tri-octylphosphine oxide layer, and then reacted with 7-octenyl dimethyl chlorosilane. The resulting octenyl double bonds allowed the attachment of ruthenium alkylidene groups as a catalyst. A subsequent metathesis reaction with strained bicyclic monomers (norbornene-dicarbonyl chloride (NDC), and a mixture of NDC and norbornenylethylisobutyl-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (norbornoPOSS)) allowed the construction of tethered organic homo-polymer or co-polymer layers onto the QD. Compounds were characterized by FT-IR, 1H-NMR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and transmission electron microscopy. Atomic force microscopy showed that the coated QDs were separate and non-aggregated with a range of diameter of 48–53 nm.

  8. Development of scientific and technological basis for the fabrication of thin film solar cells on the basis of a-Si:H and {mu}c-Si:H using the 'hot-wire' deposition technique. Final report; Entwicklung wissenschaftlicher und technischer Grundlagen fuer die Herstellung von Duennschichtsolarzellen auf der Basis des a-Si:H und {mu}c-Si:H mit der 'Hot-Wire'-Depositionstechnik. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, B.

    2002-01-22

    - and p-type emitters have been fabricated. After a very short development time conversion efficiencies have been obtained ({eta}{sub max} = 15.2%) which are reported for PECVD emitters. (orig.) [German] Zwei neue Anlagen zur vollstaendigen bzw. grossflaechigen Abscheidung von a-Si:H basierenden Solarzellen mit der sog. 'Hot-Wire (HW)' CVD wurden aufgebaut. Die Abscheidebedingungen fuer geeignete n- und p-dotierte a-Si:H- bzw. {mu}c-Si:H-Schichten wurden ermittelt. Weltweit wurde erstmals eine a-Si:H-pin-Zelle vollstaendig mit der HWCVD-Methode hergestellt, ein Anfangswirkungsgrad von {eta}{sub initial} = 8,9% wurde erreicht. Nach Entwicklung eines p/n-Tunnel- bzw. Rekombinationsueberganges ist es weltweit ebenfalls erstmals gelungen, pin-pin-Tandemstrukturen mit a-Si:H-Absorbern vollstaendig mit der HWCVD-Methode abzuscheiden. Nach Teilalterung wurden noch Wirkungsgrade von {eta}{approx}7% ermittelt. Generell ist die Stabilitaet der all-HWCVD-Zellen noch unbedriedigend, was auf strukturell instabile p-Schichten zurueckgefuehrt werden konnte. Erste nip-Solarzellen auf Edelstahlsubstraten wurden ebenfalls vollstaendig mit der HWCVD praepariert ({eta}{sub initial}>6%). Der Einbau von {mu}c-Si:H-Absorberschichten die mit HWCVD bzw. ECWR-PECVD hergestellt wurden, in pin-Solarzellen war bisher wenig erfolgreich. In einer Anlage zur grossflaechigen HWCVD-Abscheidung wurden a-Si:H-Schichten mit guter Qualitaet und einer Schichtdickenuniformitaet von {delta}d = {+-}2,5% hergestellt. Fuer sog. 'Huepfzellen', nur die i-Schicht wurde in der Anlage abgeschieden, wurden auch sehr uniforme Anfangswirkungsgrade {eta}{sub initial}=6,1{+-}0,2% fuer kleinflaechige Zellen auf einer Flaeche von 20 x 20 cm{sup 2} erreicht. Diese Ergebnisse koennen als 'proof of concept' fuer die grossflaechige HWCVD-Abscheidung fuer a-Si:H-basierende Solarzellen betrachtet werden. Erstmals wurde die HWCVD zur Abscheidung von Emitter-Schichten fuer Hetero-Solarzellen auf c-Si

  9. Jurgis Savickis: Fin de siècle ir jugendo parodijos ar žaidimas literatūrine tradicija. Jurgis Savickis: Fin de siècle und die Parodie des Jugendstils oder das Spiel mit der literarischen Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Tūtlytė

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In diesem Beitrag wird die Beziehung der Prosa von Jurgis Savickis zu der europäischen Frühmoderne, vor allem zu der bildenden Kunst des Jugendstils und den Ideen der Lebensphilosophie, behandelt. In diesem Kontext wird auch das Schaffen des österrei­chischen Malers Gustav Klimt vorgestellt und eine Paralele zwischen den Werken der beiden Autoren gezogen. Aus komparatistischer Sicht werden ge­meinsame Quellen der Ideen und der künstlerischen Vorstellungskraft untersucht. Es wird veranschau­licht, auf welche Weise sich die Vertreter von zwei unterschiedlichen Kulturen hinsichtlich solcher The­men wie die Irrationalität des Lebens, die Dominanz der Lebenstriebe oder die Erotik, einander nähern.Es wird die Schlussfolgerung gezogen, dass Sa­vickis den Jugendstil und die Dekadenz als litera­rische Traditionen „zitiert“ und ihre Topoi demons­trativ und spielerisch verwendet. Wichtig ist für ihn die Idee der Provozierung und der Herabsetzung der Embleme, Topoi und Klischees des Jugendstils. Das Gemeinsame des Schaffens von Klimt und Savickis sind die künstlerischen Interpretationen der Irratio­nalität des Lebens. Die lebensphilosophischen Ideen von Freud, Schopenhauer und Nietzsche entfaltet Klimt auf der Grundlage der Sinne und der sinnli­chen Phantasie, während Savickis sie auf die vita­len sowie sozialen „Gesetze“ und Zufälligkeiten hin überprüft. Für die Darstellung des Vitalismus wählt der Schriftsteller die Sphäre der Mann-Frau-Bezie­hungen (den erotischen und sozialen Aspekt. Für Klimt ist der soziale Aspekt nicht wichtig, dagegen ist er für Savickis von Bedeutung und bestimmt sein ironisches Verhältnis zu der jugendstilhaften Adora­tion der Lebenstriebe.

  10. Die belangrikste kenmerk van die diereproduksie- bedrywe oor die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die belangrikste kenmerk van die diereproduksie- bedrywe oor die afgelope paar dekades was die neiging tot die reorganisasie van die produksiestelsels. Hoewel dit die verste gevorder het in die geval van pluimvee-, vark· en beesproduksiestelsels is daar by die tradisioneel eksten- siewe skaapbedryf ook duidelike ...

  11. die rol van die unieverdedigingsmag in die onderdrukking van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    reik, terwyl ander weer te min kampeeruitrusting ontvang het. In sommige gebiede moes heelwat voorrade ook inderhaas uit plaaslike bronne aangevul word. Daar is ook gevind dat daar nie genoeg gewere in die Unie beskikbaar was nie. Gevolglik is daar reelings met die Britse regering getref vir die verskaffing daarvan.

  12. Die funksie van die belydenis in die struktuur van die kerk en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ter wille van die argument wat in hierdie voordrag na vore gebring word, word vier sodanige konstituerende elemente van die kerklike struktuur onderskei, te wete die belydenis, die teologie, die verkondi- ging (meer bepaald die prediking) en die kerkorde (kerkwet volgens ons terminologie). Ons gaan nou elkeen hiervan ...

  13. Die Elementarkonstanten und die Mathematik

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rompe, Robert; Treder, Hans-Jürgen

    Die Elementarkonstanten im Sinne von Max Planck sind von ähnlicher Bedeutung wie die reinen Zahlen der Mathematik. Die Newtonschen Prinzipien und die Elementarkonstanten zusammen sind der Grundbau der physikalischen Theoriebildung.Translated AbstractThe Elementary Constants and the MathematicThe elementary constants in the sense of Max Planck are of analogous meaning as the pure numbers in mathematics. The Newtonian principles together with the elementary constants are the basis for creating physical theories.

  14. Die teologie in gesprek met die ekonomie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    diktaat van die regte rede' is en John Locke (1632-1704), wie se rasionalisering van die samelewing die beste daarin slaag om uitdrukking te gee aan die wese van die opkomende Britse liberalisme van die sewentiende eeu. 2^ 'n Samelewing waarin die ekonomie die bepalende posisie inneem. Die samelewing wat ...

  15. DIE GEESTESSTRUKTUUR VAN DIE ONGELOOF In die studie van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    BACON (1561-1626), oor die algemeen erken as die vader van die empirisme, het met sy idole-leer 'n geweldige invloed uitgeoefen. Die idole-leer neem aan dat die werklikheid deur die mens se verstand geken kan word en wel op grond van die natuurlike vermoë van die verstand. Daar is egter allerlei hindernisse in ons ...

  16. Ion beam synthesis and characterization of large area 3C-SiC pseudo substrates for homo- and heteroepitaxy; Ionenstrahlsynthese und Charakterisierung grossflaechiger 3C-SiC-Pseudosubstrate fuer die Homo- und Heteroepitaxie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haeberlen, Maik

    2006-12-15

    In this work, large area epitaxial 3C-SiC films on Si(100) and Si(111) were formed by ion beam synthesis and subsequently characterized for their structural and crystalline properties. These SiC/Si structures are meant to be used as SiC pseudosubstrates for the homo- and heteroepitaxial growth of other compound semiconductors. The suitability of these pseudosubstrates for this purpose was tested using various epitaxial systems and thin film growth methods. For this the homoepitaxial growth of 3C-SiC employing C{sub 60}-MBE and the heteroepitaxial growth of hexagonal GaN films grown by MOCVD and IBAMBA was studied in detail. The comparison of the structural and crystalline properties with data from literature enabled a qualified judgement of the potential of the 3C-SiC pseudosubstrates as an alternative substrate for the epitaxial growth of such films. These new 3C-SiC pseudosubstrates also enabled studies of other little known epitaxial systems: For the first time hexagonal ZnO films on (111) oriented pseudosubstrates were grown using PLD. The method if IBAMBE enabled the growth of cubic GaN layers on (100)-oriented pseudosubstrates. (orig.)

  17. Die posisie van die Helper in die sending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. J. van der Walt

    1972-05-01

    Full Text Available Gedurende die aanvangsjare van die sending het die helper ’n onmisbare funksie vervul. Hulle het die onherbergsame binnelande geken, waardevolle kontakpunte vir die sendelinge geopen en hulle mense geestelik help voorlig en voorberei.

  18. die rol van die eerste suid- afrikaanse infanteriedivisie tydens die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teen die einde van Julie 1942 het 'n tydelike skaakmatsituasie in die oorlog in Noord-Afrika ontstaan. Genl. C.J.E.. Auchinleck, gesamentlik in bevel van die Britsemagte in die Midde Ooste en die 8ste Leer in Egipte, het laasge- noemde by EIAlamein tot die verde- diging loot oorgaan en die oppo- nerende magte het begin ...

  19. The effect of SiC powder mixing electrical discharge machining on white layer thickness, heat flux and fatigue life of AISI D2 die steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Al-Khazraji

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with studying the effect of powder mixing electrical discharge machining (PMEDM parameters using copper and graphite electrodes on the white layer thickness (WLT, the total heat flux generated and the fatigue life. Response surface methodology (RSM was used to plan and design the experimental work matrices for two groups of experiments: for the first EDM group, kerosene dielectric was used alone, whereas the second was treated by adding the SiC micro powders mixing to dielectric fluid (PMEDM. The total heat flux generated and fatigue lives after EDM and PMEDM models were developed by FEM using ANSYS 15.0 software. The graphite electrodes gave a total heat flux higher than copper electrodes by 82.4%, while using the SiC powder and graphite electrodes gave a higher total heat flux than copper electrodes by 91.5%. The lowest WLT values of 5.0 µm and 5.57 µm are reached at a high current and low current with low pulse on time using the copper and graphite electrodes and the SiC powder, respectively. This means that there is an improvement in WLT by 134% and 110%, respectively, when compared with the use of same electrodes and kerosene dielectric alone. The graphite electrodes with PMEDM and SiC powder improved the experimental fatigue safety factor by 7.30% compared with the use of copper electrodes and by 14.61% and 18.61% compared with results using the kerosene dielectric alone with copper and graphite electrodes, respectively.

  20. Die funksie van die skeppingstradisie in die boek Jeremia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gedeeites voor wat sterk ooreenkomste toon met die beskrywings van die skep pingsgebeure in die boek Jeremia. • Volgpns Von Rad (1957:144-146) het daar wel 'n groep bestaan wat belange ge- had liet by die oorlewering van die skeppingstradisies. Dit was waarskynlik die. Sadokitiese priesters wat om twee redes aan ...

  1. Die persoonlikheidsamestelling van die beskeie leerder in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    Die goedaangepaste persoonlikheid vorm die basis van geestes- gesondheid en stel die mens in staat tot selfaktualisering. Selfaktua- lisering, wat volgens Maslow die hoogste vorm van menslike behoef- tes is, dui op die motivering van die mens om tot sy beste moontlike potensiaal te ontwikkel (Santrock, 2000:372; Smith, ...

  2. Die regsposisie van die gemolesteerde kind 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J. Schabort

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoe reik die reg uit na die seksueel gemolesteerde kind? As na die reg in wye verband gekyk word, sou dit alie wetgewing en alle gemeneregsbeginsels en alle regsprosedures insluit waardeur die Staat poog om molestering te voorkom en die gemolesteerde kind in beskerming te neem. Dit le baie wyd en sou byvoorbeeld die maatreels insluit van die Kindenvet 33 van 1960; die Wet op Egskeiding 70 van 1979; die Wet op Kindersorg 74 van 1983; die Wet op die Status van Kinders 82 van 1987 en die Wet op Bemiddeling in Sekere Egskeidingsaangeleenthede 24 van 1987. Eersdaags sal dit moontlik ook ’n Manifes vir die Regte van Kinders insluit wat vermoedelik geskoei sal wees op die W O se Konvensie vir die Regte van die Kind (1989 w a arv an die RSA tan s nog nie ’n ondertekenaar is nie.

  3. Die toksikologiese telefoniese konsultasies gerig aan die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die toksikologiese telefoniese konsultasies gerig aan die Departement Farmakologie van die Universiteit van die Vrystaat gedurende 1998/ The toxicology telephonic consultations directed to the department of pharmacology of the University of the Free State during 1998.

  4. Pengaruh Temperatur Tuang, Temperatur Cetakan, dan Tekanan Pada Pengecoran Bertekanan (High Pressure Die Casting/HPDC Terhadap Kekerasan dan Struktur Mikro Aluminium Paduan Silikon (Al-Si 7,79 %

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulis Drihandono

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research are to investigate the effect of mold temperature, melting temperatur, and pressure on micro structure and hardness. The alloy used is Al-Si 7,79% using the High Pressure Die Casting (HPDC method. HPDC is a casting method with injection the metal liquid to the cavity mold with specific speed and pressure. This research used 3 variations, they are pressure (50 bar, 75 bar, and 100 bar, melt temperature (700°C, 750 °C, and 800°C, and molding temperature (250°C, 300°C, and 350°C. Observations were made on the microstructure of the alloys show that Al-Si 7.79% showed some similar changed which is the tendency of the silicon phase will become thick silicon chip and the primary is likely to change even greater. This condition is caused by an increase in time solidification with increasing melt temperature and the mold temperature. The hardness in general will increase with increasing temperature and pressure. The highest hardness is 79,94 BHN at mold temperature of 250 °C, melt temperature of 750 ° C and pressure of 75 bar.

  5. Die moedertaal van Jesus*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.J. du Plessis

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available Anderhalf eeu lank het geleerdes aangeneem dat die enigste taal wat deur die bree volkslae in Palestina gepraat is in die tyd van Jesus, Aramees was. In 1817 het De Wette onder andere geskrywe: „Die benaming Hebreeus kom vir die eerste keer in die Apokriewe Boeke voor. Maar daar beteken dit die heersende volkstaal Aramees, wat teen daardie tyd (die tyd toe die Apokriewe ontstaan het reeds die plek van die ou Hebreeus ingeneem het”.

  6. Die redaksionele geskiedenis van die boek Hosea

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tuur kom rá' gewoonlik voor as antoniem van sdq. Op grond van die voorafgaande kan die hipotese gestel word dat die redaktor uit die wysheidskringe wat die profesieë van Hosea van 'n inleiding en slot voorsien het, dit nie as los aanhangsels gedoen het nie, maar dat dit bedoel was as integrale deel van die boek.

  7. DIE ONTSTAAN EN ONTWIKKELING VAN DIE VLOOT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Feb 1980 ... ter See (See- ward Defence Force - SDF) as die eerste per- manente vlooteenheid in Suid-Afrika in te stel. Die SDF is op 15 Januarie. 1940 formeel gekonstitueer. Die lede van die SANS is outoma- ties daarna oorgeplaas, maar die RNVR (SA) het onafhanklik bly voortfunksioneer. Die SDF het aanvanklik.

  8. Evalueringskriteria en die interaksie tussen die leksikografieteorie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Opsomming: Die samestellers van die verskillende dele van die WAT kon steun op die insette van verskeie medewerkers, waarvan woordeboekresensente 'n belangrike groep is. Een van die algemene probleme met die evaluering van woordeboeke van allerlei soorte (sien Nielsen 2006,. 2009 en Swanepoel 2008, 2013 ...

  9. Product Attachment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mugge, R.

    2007-01-01

    The topic of this doctoral research is the concept of product attachment for ordinary consumer durables. Product attachment is defined as the strength of the emotional bond a consumer experiences with a specific product. Specifically, the research investigated how this bond develops over time and

  10. . , , die Boesmans

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    "made captive in early boyhood, with other children of a Bushman. Kraal, in one of the frequent incursions or commandos" (Pereira &. Chapman, 1989:157). Dit eindig met Pangóla wat sterf in 'n soortgelyke ongelyke geveg tussen berede boere en omsingelde Boesmans - gewere teen pyl-en-boë: "I die in arms against the ...

  11. Die woord vra kontak

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dit belangrik dat die redaksionele stelsel en die taalkundige gegewens wat in woordeboeke gehanteer word, in pas moet wees met die heersende gedag- terigtings in die taalkunde. Dit kan die maklikste bewerkstelling word indien die oop gesprek tussen die leksikograaf en die taalkundige voortdurend gesti- muleer word.

  12. Covalently Attached Monolayers on Crystalline Hydrogen-Terminated Silicon: Extremely Mild Attachment by Visible Light

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Q.Y.; Smet, de L.C.P.M.; Lagen, van B.; Giesbers, M.; Thüne, P.C.; Engelenburg, van J.; Wolf, de F.A.; Zuilhof, H.; Sudhölter, E.J.R.

    2005-01-01

    A very mild method was developed for the attachment of high-quality organic monolayers on crystalline silicon surfaces. By using visible light sources, from 447 to 658 nm, a variety of 1-alkenes and 1-alkynes were attached to hydrogen-terminated Si(100) and Si(111) surfaces at room temperature. The

  13. Generic safety questions. evaluation of investigations, studies and expertises of other states for the knowledge base GeSi; Generische Sicherheitsfragen. Auswertung von Untersuchungen, Studien und Gutachten anderer Staaten fuer die Wissensbasis GeSi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boenigke, Guenther; Eismar, Shanna

    2016-03-15

    For the non-profit-making expert organization Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) gGmbH, maintaining know-how and broadening its knowledge in the field of nuclear safety is of fundamental relevance. One important approach to achieving this goal is to collect and assess national and international findings and events in the field of nuclear safety e.g. in connection with generic issues - i.e. issues that are not specific to a particular plant. The GeSi/GeSi International database and its subsystems serves for reflecting the current state of the art in science and technology in the field of generic issues and also as a tool in the area of knowledge management. Within the framework of Project 3611 I 01500 sponsored by the BMUB, information on these issues was compiled systematically. The aim of the project was to examine the safety issues that are cur-rently discussed at national and international level with regard to their relevance for the conditions prevailing in Germany and to follow up in detail those issues that are of relevance for national safety practice. Similar knowledge databases also exist in other major nuclear-power-plant-operating countries such as the US, Canada, and France. At present (September 2014), there are 303 issues in the overall database, of which 23 are assessed to be of ''high'' significance for German plants. Of these, 16 issues belong to the sub-database for generic safety issues (GSI) and seven belong to the sub-database for generic research issues (GFO). The database GSI currently contains 138 issues that need to be further addressed and 101 issues that are considered as solved. 43 issues from the database GFO require further investigation, while 21 issues are considered as solved.

  14. Die doop in die Gereformeerde Kerkorde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. Smit

    1989-05-01

    Full Text Available Dit is veelseggend dat die klassiek geworde Gereformeerde Doopformulier aan ’n kerkorde ontleen is. Hierdie kerkorde is die van die Palts wat in opdrag van die keurvors Frederik die Vrome opgestel en in 1563 ingevoer is.

  15. DIE ONTWIKKELING VAN DIE VROU AS SOLDAAT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Foto: 'Women in Battle' deur John. Laffin. Die Enge/se vrou was spoedig reeds by die verdediging van haar land betrokke. So vroeg as. 1761 het die Jaarlikse Register aangetoon dat. Engelse vroue wat hulle mans op die slagveld gevolg het deur 'n uniform aan te trek, uitgevind is.5. Die. Amerikaanse. Vryheidsoorlog.

  16. Die universiteit en die goeie lewensorde

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    op Hippocrates, Galenus en Avicenna, lettere op Aristoteles, en ná die. Reformasie sou Luther, Melanchton en Calvyn vir Petrus Lombardus aan dié universiteite vervang wat vir die Reformasie gekies het, maar sou die ander fakulteite in hoofsaak onaangeraak bly. Die universiteit het sy tradisie binne die voile stroom van ...

  17. Die ouderling en die regeervergaderings in die Nederduitsch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika 1%1. Notule van die Algemene Kerk- vergadering 1961. Argief van die Nerderduitsch Hervormde Kerk, Pretoria. — 1979. Notule van die Algemene Kerkvergadering 1979. Argief van die Neder duitsch Hervormde Kerk, Pretoria. — 1989a. Kerkwet en Bepalings. Pretoria: Gutenberg.

  18. Die hervertolking van die paradigma in verband met die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sal hom ook nie aan die dink sit nie. Om een van sy woorde te gebruik, ek het dit. 'gepleeg' omdat hy my geleer en aan die dink gesit het. KoUcgUlismc. 2. INLEIDING. In sy lofwaardige poging om die negentiende-eeuse Hervormde Kerk van Nederland te reformeer, het Abraham Kuyper die dwaling van hierdie kerk onder ...

  19. Die hervertolking van die paradigma in verband met die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die hervertolking van die paradigma in verband met die Kollegialisme om die. Afrikaanse kerke kerkregtelik te verstaan. E Brown. Universiteit van Stellenbosch. Abstract. Reinterpreting the paradigm concerning 'Kollegialisme' in order to understand the Afrikaans churches accoring to church law. The Afrikaans term ...

  20. Die belangrikste kenmerk van die diereproduksie- bedrywe oor die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    digdhede teen 1980 uit 'n kudde van 30 rnilj.skape ge- produseer moet word. Tweedens sal die faktore bespreek word wat betrokke is by die winsgewendheid van inten- siewe afronding van vroeggespeende lammers in voerkrale. Dit word algemeen aanvaar dat die bevolking van die Republiek van Suid-Mrika teen 1980 ...

  1. Die kerkregtelike posisie van die ouderling en diaken in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... drie dekades die Kerkreg gevestig as 'n selfstandige vak in die teologiese curriculum, maar ook 'n baie groot rol gespeel daarin dat die beginsels van die kerk like reg beter begryp word. Naas sy wetenskaplike bydrae word met eweveel genoegdoening gedink aan sy bcsondere persoonlikheid, sy werkvermoe, sy humor-.

  2. Christophe Couderc, Le théâtre tragique au Siècle d’or. Cristóbal de Virués, Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca - Christophe Couderc and Hélène Tropé, eds., La tragédie espagnole et son contexte européen. xvie-xviie siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Giuliani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of Christophe Couderc, Le théâtre tragique au Siècle d’or. Cristóbal de Virués, Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca, CNED, Paris, 2012, 170 pp. ISBN: 978213060871 and Christophe Couderc and Hélène Tropé, eds., La tragédie espagnole et son contexte européen. xvie-xviie siècles, Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, 2013, 266 pp. ISBN: 9782878546118.

  3. Die kritiese taak van die literator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. Combrink

    1981-05-01

    Full Text Available Die beoefening van die literêre kritiek was aanvanklik slegs ’n deeltydse aktiwiteit. Die vroegste literêre kritici was nie as sodanig kritici nie maar het as deel van hulle totale intellektuele aktiwiteit hulle ook uitgelaat oor die letterkunde. Die motivering wat hulle hiertoe gehad het sou in ons dag heeltemal verdag voorkom: ’n uitgesproke didaktiese of moraliserende houding was die reel.

  4. Die gesigte van die neo-marxisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. C. Boshoff

    1979-05-01

    Full Text Available Ons weet nie sondermeer wat die voorsetsel ‘NEO’ beteken nie. Het Marx in ons tyd herleef of ’n ombuiging, hersiening, aanvulling of selfs ’n korrektief op die oorspronklike visie van Marx gekom? Wat hou die naam, doelstellings en gees van Karl Marx lewendig en dreig om die Westerse lewenswyse en die Christelike godsdiens te vernietig met ’n leefwyse wat die Christelike geloof op sy kardinale punte aanval?

  5. Die Kernmethode Wertstromdesign

    OpenAIRE

    Schöllhammer, Oliver

    2014-01-01

    Anhand eines Fallbeispiels wird die Methode des Administrativen Wertstromdesigns vorgestellt. Kern Themen sind die Vorbereitung, die Ist-Analyse und die Definition eines Soll-Zustandes. Diese werden Schritt für Schritt detailliert beschrieben.

  6. DIE SLAG VAN BLOEDRIVIER~

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cast iron blown over with bronze stands today. ... deur 'n moerasagtige pan effens noord van die noordel ike drif. Ook hierdeur is die laer in 'n mate gedek. Meer na die suidweste het die bree. Gelato-kop, na die Slag 'Vechtkop' genoem, oor die laer getroon. HOGOsptl'nr. 'i'OSRASACT IGE: PAN. BLOEDRIVI3R. S'S.

  7. Die agogiese moment in die pastoraat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. C. Duvenage

    1972-06-01

    Full Text Available Die verwarring wat daar vandag in die diakonologiese groep vakke heers, word ten dele weerspieël in die verskeie uitdrukkings en woorde wat gebruik word. By verskillende mense het dit heeltemal verskillende inhoude. Daarom dink ek is dit nodig om te begin met ’n begripsbepaling, om dan later oor die saak te praat.

  8. die sinodale verband van die nederduitse gereformeerde kerk in die

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liezel

    daartoe gelei dat daar na dié hofsaak verskillende sinodale verbande in ver- skillende state of kolonies in ... Grootrivier gebring moet word, aldus Van de Wall, maar die kerk kon nie deur staatsgrense beperk word nie. .... Op die punt van lidmaatskap wou die Sinode, trou aan sy gereformeerde gesindheid, nie sondermeer ...

  9. DIE ROL VAN DIE TAALWETENSKAP IN DIE ONTWIKKELING VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aanslag op die sogenaamde "Intentional Fallacy", heelwat verder. n. Mens sou hier eintlik ook op die invloed van Lacan se toepassing van. De Sacs sure op Freud moet wys, en op Macherey se Theory of Literary. Production. Barthes is naamlik besig om repressie teen te werk, en die teks as produksieproses in stede van ...

  10. Wat is die reg en die vryheid van die eksegeet?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    voorgestaan terwyl die Antiocheense skool (Joh Chrysostemos en. Theodorus van Mopsuesta) weer as eksegese gesien het 'n meer letterlike verklaring van die Bybel. Augustinus en Hieronimus het probeer om die twee metodes te kombineer, terwyl Petrus. Lombardus, Alexander van Hailes en Thomas Aquinas 'n vier-.

  11. Halfkrone vir die Nagmaal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    die omgewing van Velddrif en Laaiplek, ook noordwaarts verby Lambertsbaai tot by. Doringbaai en Strandfontein. “Haar seeverhale is Sussie (Kotze) se belangrikste bydrae tot die Afrikaanse letterkunde”, sê Kotzé-Myburgh in die voorwoord van die versamelbundel. Die leser word herinner aan Kotze se debuutroman, ...

  12. die ontstaan en die ontwikkeling van die skoolkadette-stelsel in die rsa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    higiene ook verpligtend was. 42. In die Goewerment Gazette van 4 Mei 1934 word die verantwoordelikheid vir die opstel van leerplanne vir kadette asook vir die inhou van kursusse aan die Direkteur van Militere Opera- sies en Opleiding opgedra. Volgens hierdie Ga- zette was elke seun verplig om 30 uur per jaar opleiding ...

  13. ,,Die kleur-krisis en die Weste"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. Coetzee

    1953-03-01

    Full Text Available Wie vandag onbevange en met ’n opregte begeerte na die volle waarheid oor die sogenaamde „kleurvraagstuk” in Suid-Afrika wil skryf, moet voorwaard bid dat hom die deel van Esegiël te beurt mag val: „Jou voorhoof maak ek hard soos ’n diamant, harder as ’n rots . . . ."

  14. DIE PERSOON VAN VREDE IN DIE SENDING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aan dat 'n lewe onder die gesag van God tot volle vrede lei: “In coming under the rule of Yahweh, moreover, life was made whole and safe.” Dit is spesifiek in die tempel waar die volheid van God se vrede ondervind word (1997:662):. The temple is indeed the place where Israel entered into Yahweh's full zone of shalom.

  15. Die funksie van ruimte in die narratologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Venter (1985: 20 vv) is van mening dat hierdie negatiewe beoorde- ling van ruimte as blote 'vulling' (Venter 1985: 20) die beginsel was waarvolgens Plato in die ouer literêre paradigma byvoorbeeld die Ilias van Homerus so beskryf het dat alle ruimtelike gegewens sover moont- lik weggelaat is. Hiervolgens kon ruimte te ...

  16. KERKWEES IN DIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KERKWEES IN DIE BRANDING: DIE NEDERDUITSE GEREFORMEERDE. KERK IN ALGEMENE SINODALE VERBAND. 1994-2011. ACTA THEOLOGICA. Supplementum 18. 2013. INHOUD. HOOFSTUK 1 Verantwoording. 1. HOOFSTUK 2 Die Sinode van versoening? 4. HOOFSTUK 3 Bestendiging in 'n nuwe bedeling.

  17. Die skepping as gelykenis: 'n Beoordeling van die skeppingsleer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    en nie met 'n ontologie te doen nie. Die analogia relationis dra, in teenstelling met die vorige, nie die werklikheid oor nie, maar die moontlikheid. Barth vergelyk die teen stelling werklikheid-moontlikheid met die twee bome van die tuin; die van werklikheid (lewe) en die van moontlikheid (kennis) (KD III/l,. 291-295). Hierdie is ...

  18. Die betroubaarheid van die Nuwe Testament vanuit 'n tekskritiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die oud-Latynse manuskripte was een van die redes waarom die. Vulgaat, 'n standaarduitgawe van die Latynse teks, sy beslag gekry het. (vgl Metzger 1968a: 76). Hoewel die betroubaarheid van die teks van die Nuwe Testament dus lank voor die uitvinding van die boekdrukkuns 'n erkende pro bleem was, was dit egter ...

  19. Die funksie van die ^danksegging(s)' in 1 Tessalonisense

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    53 Die ooiredingsmiddele gebruik ter ondersteuning van die argument. Die verskillende oorredingsmiddele wat in die antieice retorieic aangewend is (kyk. Aristoteles, Ars Rhetorica 1.1), sluit onder meer die volgende in: ethos, pathos en logos. Die oortuigingsmiddel pathos dien die doel om die karakter van die impiisiete.

  20. Materials on dies for pressure die casting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ragan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the contribution the stress of die materials of thermal fatigue is defi ned and material life is derived theoretically and compared with the measured values. The important properties of the die materials as thermal conductivity, coeffi cient of thermal expansivity, modulus of elasticity and mechanical properties are described. Binding to it single die materials as carbon steels and chrome-tungsten steels are analyzed. As the perspective die material for pressure die casting of ferrous metals appears molybdenum with regard to advantageous properties.

  1. Die vrede van Münster / Westfale en die betekenis daarvan vir die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In die Suid-Afrikaanse kerkgeskiedenis egter is die Vrede van Münster as epogmakende gebeure tot dusver nie net in die algemeen verwaarloos nie, maar boonop is die direkte verband tussen hierdie sentrale historiese baken aan die een kant en aan die ander kant die vestiging van die VOC se verversingspos aan die ...

  2. A. Selms DIE TEOLOGIE VAN DIE WOORD EN DIE FIGUUR VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    verhouding tussen God en mens van God af bepaal, maar die terminologie waarmee hy uitdrukking gee aan sy opvatting is die van die Axistoteliese metafisika, en met die terminologie dra hy die ontologiese grondgedagte van Aristoteles in die teologie in. Die sisteem van Aristoteles waarin die absolute en die relatiewe, ...

  3. Kinders in die erediens

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Roux neem in hierdie verband sterk standpunt in teen Jean Piaget en Ronald Goldman se teorieë oor kinderontwikkeling. Piaget oordeel dat kenmer- kende aspekte wat die kind se denke op 'n bepaalde stadium vertoon, die norm moet wees vir die bantering van die kind. Hy kategoriseer kinders volgens hulle intellektuele ...

  4. DIE SLAG VAN DOORNKRAAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die slag van Doornkraal moet gesien word teen die agtergrond van die ..... saddled and tied to a food wagon. Steyn galloped off, leaving ..... great habit of his. He was proceeding to inspect the position, when he was shot through the neck. "64). Met sy aankoms op Doornkraal, het It kol De Lisle hom gehaas na die "rooi huis" ...

  5. Die Q gemeenskap as een van die grondtipes van die kerk in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    sal veral aandag gee aan die term “koninkryk van God” (basileia tou theou) as moontlike aanduiding van “Christelike” denke, of anders gestel: aanduiding van die Q1 gemeenskap se simboliese universum (vgl hier onder), aangesien dit ook die enigste term in Q1 is waarmee die geloofsgemeenskap aangedui word.

  6. GODSBEELDE IN DIE LITURGIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Mei 2010 ... Biezeveld, de Boer, Brümmer, Muis. 2001; Brown 2006; Durand 2007). ... Wanneer sal hy weer in God se teenwoordigheid verskyn (vers 3)? Dié vraag is vol onsekerheid. (Schuman 2004:8). Sy onsekerheid ... God se volk en die enkeling in die geskiedenis het al die trou van God ervaar waarop die digter ...

  7. Die ontwikkeling van die bestuursmotiveringsvraelys (BMV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Engelbrecht

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of the Managerial Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ: Several criticisms of the psychometric suitability of existing measures of managerial motivation are reported in the literature. This study aimed at developing a new psychometrically sound instrument, the Managerial Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ. This was done on the basis of a comprehensive study of the literature on managerial motivation and the role-motivation theory. The preliminary MMQ was systematically shortened and refined until the final MMQ of 98 items was composed. This was based on social desirability and semantic appraisal, item analysis and factor analysis of the questionnaire. The results indicate that it was possible to develop a final MMQ that was relatively free of social desirability. It further demonstrated satsifactory internal consistencies on two samples (a = 0/90, N = 360; a = 0/91, N = 535, where all subscale items were found to be relatively pure measures of the isolated factors. Although some evidence was found providing support for the reliability of the MMQ, a need for further research on the construct validity of managerial motivation still exists. Opsomming In die literatuur word verskeie punte van kritiek teen die psigometriese geskiktheid van bestaande meetinstrumente van bestuursmotivering gerapporteer. Die doelstelling van hierdie studie was dus om aan die hand van die konseptuele omiyning van bestuursmotivering, en die rolmotiveringsteorie as algemene verwysingsraamwerk, 'n nuwe psigometries aanvaarbare meetinstrument, die Bestuursmotiveringsvraelys (BMV, te ontwikkel. Op grond van sosiale wenslikheids- en semantiese beoordeling, itemontleding en faktorontleding van die voorlopige BMV is die vraelys stelselmatig verkort en verfyn totdat die finale BMV van 98 items saamgestel is. Die resultate dui daarop dat hierdie studie wel daarin geslaag het om 'n finale BMV te ontwikkel wat relatief vry van sosiale wenslikheid is, bevredigende interne

  8. Die Universiteit en beroepsopleidng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. G. Garbers

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available By elke gradedag is daar by die betrokkenes die neiging om terug te dink aan die pad wat hul bekroning voorafgegaan het. Diegene wat hulle met die volwassewording besig hou, weet maar al te goed aan hoeveel voorwaardes oor baie jare voldoen moes word om ’n jongmens by hier­ die mylpaal te kon bring. Aan baie kwaliteitseise in die opvoeding moes voldoen word. Veel meer as voeding, versorging en die voorsien van middele deur die ouers was nodig. Ook ’n bepaalde kwaliteit kontak en gesprekvoering met mekaar en wedersydse aanvaarding en positiewe verwagtings van mekaar was nodig. Ge- leenthede moes voorsien en benut word, selfstandigheid moes deur die ouers toe- gelaat en deur die kinders verdien word, ens.

  9. Thomas Erastus oor die struktuur van die gemeenskap'^

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    staan sonder die wil of bevel van die vors nie. In die Zurichse hervorming het Zwingli, die onafhanklike tydgenoot van Luther, grotendeels dieselfde opvattings gehuldig en word die hele gemeenskap, onder die leiding van die burgerlike owerheid, as civitas. Dei waardeer. In 'n sekere sin kan gesê word dat by Zwingli die.

  10. e .Kuraioriufn. DIE W ETENSKAPLIKE BETEKENIS VAN DIE W ERK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    ENGELBRECHT ver antwoordelik vir die Ou-Testamentiese vakke en Hebreeus. Die aan stelling van 'n derde professor het noodsaaklik geword, want dit sou. 85 .... De .Spreuken ran 5a/o?no omvat die nuwe vertaling en die ekse gese van die eerste 24 hoofstukke van die Spreukeboek. Die geskoold- heid in die Semitiese ...

  11. Prediking aan die hand van die metafoor van fiksieskryf

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    HTS 64(3) 2008 siening van die self en waarheid. In die pre-moderne paradigma kan die dominante metafoor verstaan word aan die hand van 'n spieël wat die lig uit 'n transendente oorsprong weerkaats, terwyl die moderne paradigma uitgedruk word met die metafoor van 'n lamp wat 'n eie, oorspronklike lig binne die self.

  12. Die sestienpersoonlikheidsfaktorvraelys as hulpmiddel by die takseersentrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. D. Augustyn

    1988-05-01

    Full Text Available The 16PF Personality Test as an aid to the assessment centre Assessment centres still remains costly and thime consuming. This study investigates the reduction of time and costs by the use of the 16 PF Personality Test as a method for measuring management dimensions. Promising results were obtained with a relatively small sample for the prediction of initiative and perseverance. Significant multiple correlations were also found for three criteria of management success. Further research may establish the use of the 16 PF as an aid to management assessment and thereby reduce the costs and time involved in assessment centres. Opsomming Takseersentrums se grootste probleem is gelee in die koste en tyd wat dit behels. Hierdie studie ondersoek die moontlikheid om beide te verminder deur die aanwending van die 16 PF Persoonlikheidsvraelys vir die meting van bestuursdimensies. Belowende resultate is met 'n relatiewe klein steekproef bevind ten opsigte van die voorspelling van inisiatiefen deursettingsvermoe. Beduidende meervoudige korrelasies is ook ten opsigte van drie kriteria van bestuursukses bevind. Verdere navorsing kan die gebruik van die 16 PF as hulpmiddel by bestuursevaluering vestig en sodoende die tydsduur en koste van takseersentrums verminder.

  13. Die kerk: 'n Verenigende of verdelende faktor in die ontwikkeling ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As 'n mens in die spieël kyk, sien hy iets wat 'n watjie méér is as die engele, bes moontlik 'n god. En dis waar die kerk in die spel kom. 1. DIE TAAK VAN DIE KERK. Sedert die dae van die Ou Testament is dit een van die mees basiese take van die. 'kerk' om aan mense te verkondig dat daar net één God is, dat hulle self ...

  14. DIE GRONDSTEENLEGGING VAN DIE TWEEDE TEMPEL. 1. D:e ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    In die boek van die profesieë van Sagaria is daar twee perikope wat oor die tempelbou handel, H. 4:6b-10a en H. 8:9-13. Die eersge- noemde gedeelte is 'n onderbreking van die vyfde naggesig, dié van die. ') Die vertrek uit Babei het waarskynlik in die voorjaar, omstreej^ April plaasgevind, die aankoms in Palestina in die ...

  15. Die etiek van Luther

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    1983-06-01

    Full Text Available Dink ons aan die etiek van Luther dan spring onmiddellik ’n paar boeiende uitsprake van hom na vore soos o.a. dat Christene vanuit die gemeenskap met Christus nuwe dekaloë moet maak wat helderder as die van Moses kan wees, of dat ons in bepaalde sin vir ons naaste ’n Christus moet word. Die bydrae van Luther 'tot die Christelike etiek is sonder twyfel van groot betekenis en die bestudering daarvan die moeite werd. Luther is geprys as rewolusionêr en verguis as konserwatis, hy is geëer as iemand wat weer die ware be­tekenis van godsdiens ontdek het toe die lewe vervloei het in etiek. Of dit egter korrek is om sy etiek as konserwatief te tipeer, soos White doen, moet betwyfel word.

  16. DIE OUTESTAMENTIESE LEER AANGAANDE DIE MENS AS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    verdwyn s o o s rook". Meer voorbeetde gee die genoemde grammatikas. ') Hierdie opvatting van be vind ons bv. in die Leidsche Vertaling 1899, by JoH. H EH N , Zum TermiïiMS ,,BiM Qottes" in Festschrift Sachau, 1915, BÖ H L in TeÍMt en Uitieg,.

  17. Evalueringskriteria en die interaksie tussen die leksikografieteorie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ten slotte word hierdie probleem toegelig aan die hand van die ontwerpkenmerke van WAT Deel XIV. ... Nielsen 2006, 2009 and Swanepoel 2008, 2013) is that reviews only provide an analysis and description of the design features of dictionaries and not also an evaluation based on a set of clearly formulated and ...

  18. die pers as bron oor die geskiedenis van die eerste vrydeidsoorlog

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die redes vir die publikasie van verdraaiings in die koerante van destyds te ondersoek en vervolgens aan Ie dui waarom die pers nie as enigste bron gebruik kan word om die geskiedenis van die Eerste. Vryheidsoorlog te boekstaaf nie. Dit is nie moontlik om al die koerante wat gedurende ...

  19. Paternal Attachment, Parenting Beliefs and Children's Attachment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Kimberly S.

    2010-01-01

    Relationships between fathers' romantic attachment style, parenting beliefs and father-child attachment security and dependence were examined in a diverse sample of 72 fathers of young children. Paternal romantic attachment style was coded based on fathers' endorsement of a particular style represented in the Hazan and Shaver Three-Category…

  20. die self-sny fenomeen onder jongmense: perspektiewe vanuit die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    word eerstens gefokus op redes vir die toename van die fenomeen van self- sny. Daarna kom die belangrikheid van emosies, die dinamika van die proses self asook 'n behandelingsprogram aan die orde. Ten slotte word 'n aantal pastorale perspektiewe aan die orde gestel asook riglyne ten einde 'n terugval te voorkom.

  1. Die plek van Empedokles in die metafisies-mistieke tradisie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    bodhisatva-, miskien selfs buddha-begrip. Die verskille tussen die twee stelsels is ewe opvallend. 'n Interessante vergelykingspunt met spesifiek die Boeddhisme is byvoorbeeld die relasie tussen liefde en twis (haat). By die vroeë Boeddhisme draai die konvensionele mikro-kosmiese (menslike) lewensproses om die drie ...

  2. DIE KONINGSBEDE AS ELEMENT IN DIE KRONINGSRITUEEL. By ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    3:5 en II Kron. 1 :7. Wat die rede is, waarom die Afrikaanse vertalers hier 'n ander woord gebruik het as in Kon. en Kron., bly onduidelik; die werkwoord sya'af word op sestien verskillende maniere deur hulle weergegee. Die inhoud van die koningsbede, waarop Ps. 2:8 sinspeel is die opperheerskappy oor die omwonende ...

  3. die suid-afrikaanse oorlogsekonomie gedurende die tweede ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Amerikaanse leer in Europa teen die einde van die jaar en die begin van 1945. Die Amerikaanse veldtog in die Stille Oseaan het geweldige laai- ruimte in beslag geneem. 'n Aansienlike kwota was ook voortdurend betrokke by die vervoer van noodsaaklike voorrade na Brittanje. Tot die tweede helfte van 1941, dws vir ...

  4. P. J. N. Smal, Die Universalisme in die Psalms. Academisch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    dat die historiese element in Israel se Godsopenbaring en daarmee die insig in sy betekenis te kort gedoen word. Die betekenis van die studie vir die historia revelationis is daardeur gering; as duidelike „tydlose” sistematisering van Outestamentiese gegewens oor die betrokke onder- werpe, soos die laaste hoofstuk, bl.

  5. Patristiek en die studie van die Nuwe Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die titel van die reeks is Biblia Patristica. Die eerste volume dek die patristiese literatuur tot by Tertullianus en Klemens van Aleksan- drië. Dit bevat 28 000 verwysings. Die tweede volume bevat 22 000 verwysings en dek die derde eeu, uitgesonderd Origenes. Die omvang- rykheid van hierdie projek word duidelik wanneer ...

  6. Navorsing op die gebied van die sosiale wetenskappe*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. M. Robbertse

    1958-03-01

    Full Text Available In Hollands is die woord scientia vertaal met wetenskap, wat sowel die natuur- as die geesteswetenskappe insluit, waardeur die woordsy oorspronklike betekenis behou. Die neiging bestaan om die Engels science met wetenskap in Afrikaans te vertaal, waarmee dan eintlik die natuurwetenskap bedoel word.

  7. Die geskiedenis van die saw gedenkteken te Fort Klapperkop ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die SAW Gedenkteken se lotgevalle is nou verbonde aan die van die. Militere Museum Fort Klapperkop aangesien die Gedenkteken op die terrein van Fort Klapperkop opgerig is. Weens rasionalisasie is die voortbestaan van Fort Klapperkop Museum onseker. Dit plaas ongetwyfeld dan ook 'n vraagteken agter die ...

  8. DIE ONSTERFLIKHEID VAN DIE MENSLIKE SIEL') Daar is geen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    die mag van die Bose wat dit as 'n usurpator wederregtelik hom toegeëien het. Christus sê dan ook in Johannes 6 vers 47 dat wie in. Hom glo, d.w.s. wie in Hom ingewortel en ingeplant is, het die ewige lewe, besit die onsterflikheid. Die dood is die gevolg van die wegbreking van God, en die ewige lewe is die gevolg van ...

  9. Die radio in Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. de Villiers

    1966-03-01

    Full Text Available Omvang van radio-uitsendings in en na Afrika. — Redes vir die versnelde tempo van uitbreiding. — Radio as die geskikste massa-kommunikasiemiddel vir Afrika. — Faktore wat die verspreiding bemoeilik. — Skouspelagtige toename in luistertalle.Toe Plinius, wat in die jaar 79 oorlede is, in sy „Historia Naturalis” verklaar het dat daar altyd iets nuuts uit Afrika afkomstig is, kon hy nouliks voorsien het dat die „iets" negentien eeue later in die lug sou setel wat hierdie reuse-vasteland oorspan — ’n Babelse spraakverwarring en ’n ongekende, verbete woorde-oorlog in die etergolwe, onder meer daarop bereken om die harte en hoofde van derduisendes te verower.

  10. Die Bedeutung des Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Picot, Arnold; Neuburger, Rahild; Prinz, Aloys; Esser, Josef; Hoeren, Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Gegenwärtig vollzieht sich eine Wandlung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft durch das Internet. Sind die hohen Erwartungen, die von vielen an das Internet geknüpft werden, berechtigt? Was vermag das Internet zu leisten?

  11. Die Tempelrolle und die Struktureigenschaften des Kollagens

    OpenAIRE

    Schütz, Roman

    2016-01-01

    Die „Schriftrollen vom Toten Meer“ stoßen seit ihrer Entdeckung Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts bei den Religionshistorikern und in der breiten Öffentlichkeit auf großes Interesse. Sie stammen aus der Zeit der Zweiten Tempelperiode - der Wiege des Christentums und dem Vorabend der Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem durch die Römer. Diese Ereignisse haben den weiteren Verlauf der Menschheitsgeschichte entscheidend mitgeprägt. Dem Text der Rollen hat die Forschung sehr viel Aufmerksamkeit ...

  12. Die humanistiese mensbeeld

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liberalisme-kapitalisme vanuit die denke van Adam Smith (1723-. 1790), demokratiese-sosialisme vanuit die denke van Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-. 1778), en Marxisme-kommunisme vanuit die denke van Karl Marx (1818-1883). In elkeen van hierdie ideologiese strominge bestaan 'n mensbeeld soos dit bepaal.

  13. Die gebruik van parallelplaatreologie vir die bepaling van die intrinsieke viskositeit van poli-etileentereftalaat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. C. Vorster

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Die bepaling van die intrinsieke viskositeit van poli-etileentereftalaat word bemoeilik deur die feit dat daar tans slegs twee metodes in gebruik is. In die eerste metode word die bepaling deur middel van oplossingsviskometrie gedoen, maar die toksisiteit van die oplosmiddel, asook die tydperk wat dit neem om die bepaling te doen, is ’n probleem. Die tweede metode word beperk deur die kompleksiteit en beskikbaarheid van die apparatuur in Suid-Afrika. In hierdie studie word ’n alternatiewe metode, gebaseer op parallelplaatreologie, voorgestel wat albei hierdie probleme oorkom en die resultate sodoende verkry, word vergelyk met dié wat met bestaande metodes verkry is.

  14. Die invloed van die neo-marxistiese kultuuranalise op die Wêreldraad van Kerke en die Gereformeerde Kerke van Nederland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Vorster

    1979-05-01

    Full Text Available Toe die studente dwarsoor die VSA en Europa in die laat sestigerjare ’n plotselinge en radikale verset openbaar het teen die bestaande orde, het hulle die deur geopen vir ’n nuwe mededinger om die hart van die Westerse kultuur. Dit is die nou reeds bekende neo-Marxisme. Sedertdien het hierdie jongeling sy voetspore op vele vlakke van die Westerse kultuur gelaat.

  15. · Los of vas geskryf: die leksikograaf, die spelreels en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die verskyning van die 1991-uitgawe van die Afriknanse Woordelys en Spelreels het die spelreels en die taalwerklikheid nader aan mekaar ... onder KROM I 1a en b: Die definisie verskyn by die los vorm ... bloot om ortografiese verskille, anders as in gevalle soos geel perske/geel- perske en groot mens/grootmens waar ...

  16. Verskuiwing in die moraal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.P. van der Walt

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Modewoorde het ons deesdae oorgenoeg in die Christelike sedeleer en hulle kan nogal verwarring stig. U moet my vergun om met u te spreek oor een so ’n modewoord nl „verskuiwing’’ in die moraal. Dis nogal ’n mooi woord, wat so dikwels gebruik word op baie terreine en tog meer wil aandui as maar net ’n veranderde sienswyse, ’n wysiging in opvattinge of nuwe riglyne wat al gangbaar geword het in die praktyk. Die begrip wil eintlik die ewolusionêre gang beklemtoon, want dit is dan eintlik net die ou norme wat effens anders bekyk word of nie meer so nou geneem of dik onderstreep word nie. Die verskuiwing beteken dan dat alles nog dieselfde bly, net die posisie of plek het verander. Verskuiwing beteken tog plekverandering of plekwisseling en dan sekerlik nie in die sin dat die plekke ver uitmekaar lê nie. Verskuiwing beteken net maar vlak langs die vorige te staan kom. As dit dan ’n beter plek is, is dit ewolusie, ontwikkeling, verbetering.

  17. Separation-individuation theory and attachment theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Harold P

    2004-01-01

    Separation-individuation and attachment theories are compared and assessed in the context of psychoanalytic developmental theory and their application to clinical work. As introduced by Margaret Mahler and John Bowlby, respectively, both theories were initially regarded as diverging from traditional views. Separation-individuation theory, though it has had to be corrected in important respects, and attachment theory, despite certain limitations, have nonetheless enriched psychoanalytic thought. Without attachment an infant would die, and with severely insecure attachment is at greater risk for serious disorders. Development depends on continued attachment to a responsive and responsible caregiver. Continued attachment to the primary object was regarded by Mahler as as intrinsic to the process of separation-individuation. Attachment theory does not account for the essential development of separateness, and separation-individuation is important for the promotion of autonomy, independence, and identity. Salient historical and theoretical issues are addressed, including the renewed interest in attachment theory and the related decline of interest in separation-individuation theory.

  18. Attachment behavior in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sigling, H.O.

    2009-01-01

    This thesis describes studies into the rat as an animal model for attachment, along the lines of Bowlby's attachment theory. First, the relation between attachment and human psychopathology is reviewed. The conclusion is that psychopathology is more frequent in insecure attached persons and that

  19. Die 'verleentheid' van die teoloog voor die teodiseeprobleem

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Moltmann 1976: 138-147 en Jiingel 1978: 55—138) waarmee gewoonlik bedoel word dat God of irrelevant of apaties of magteloos is, word gekenmerk deur 'n verskraalde Godsbegrip. God was nie by Auschwitz nie en is nie in die kankersale van Bloemfontein afwesig nie. Hy is nie magteloos nie en hy is nie liefdeloos nie.

  20. Die Nuwe Testament en mitologie: Die probleem van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 Mei 2015 ... Die aarde as leefwêreld van mense is oop vir invloede van bo of onder: God en sy engele kan ingryp in .... aanvaar) is om oop te wees vir God se toekoms. Geloof is daarom ook gehoorsaamheid ..... James Dunn stel dit so: 'The dialectic of demythologising is the language of living faith'. (Dunn 1977:301).

  1. Die monopolievorming in die diamantontginningsnywerheid van Suid-Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. Viljoen

    1957-03-01

    Full Text Available Die diamantontginningsnywerheid is een van Suid-Afrika se oudste mynbouvertakkinge. Sedert die eerste diamant in 1867 aan die suidelike oewer van die Oranjerivier in die distrik Hopetown ontdek is, het ’n tydperk van ongeveer 91 jaar verloop, en gedurende hierdie tydperk het die diamantnywerheid baie veranderinge ondergaan.

  2. Die teologiese debat: Die waarde of betekenis daarvan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ander indien hy '... deur die getuienis van die Skrif of deur klaarblyklike rede oortuig kan word, want...ek is gebonde deur die Skrifgetuienis' (Pont 1984:75). Daarmee karakteriseer Luther die kerkhervorming as 'n beweging wat niks anders wil verkondig nie as die Skrifgetuienis oor die verhouding van God, mens en wêreld.

  3. die doel en wese van opvoedende onderwys en die implikasies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Oaar moet onderskei word tussen die doelstellings van opvoedende onderwys en die einddoel wat bereik word deur die nastrewing van hierdie doelstellings. Gunter praat van die naderliggende doelstellings (1981, b1.105). \\/at die enddoel van opvoedende onderwys bet ref, gaan die meeste opvoedkundi ges akkoord dat ...

  4. REDAKSIONEEL DIE ETIEK AGTER MEDE-OUTEURSKAP Die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die publikasie van artikels van twee outeurs waarvan een as die mede-outeur funk- sioneer, is nie in die Hervormde Teologiese Studies 'n vreemde verskynsel nie. Daar word soms na só 'n mede-outeur verwys as die 'honorêre' skrywer van die artikel. Maar is mede-outeurskap eties geregverdig? In 'n uitgawe van die ...

  5. Die kairos van die New Age: 'n Kultuurhistoriese skets

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    baarheid van alle syn stel Schopenhauer die nie-redelike lewenswii of lewensdrif as diepste verklaring van die werklikheid. Die onversadigbare lewenshonger lei onver- mydelik tot lyding - 'n gedagte wat ten nouste by die Boeddhistiese denke aansluit. Soos die Boeddhiste, leer Schopenhauer dat die mens homself van ...

  6. Sputtered protective coatings for die casting dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirtich, M. J.; Nieh, C.-Y.; Wallace, J. F.

    1981-01-01

    Three experimental research designs investigating candidate materials and processes involved in protective die surface coating procedures by sputter deposition, using ion beam technologies, are discussed. Various pre-test results show that none of the coatings remained completely intact for 15,000 test cycles. The longest lifetime was observed for coatings such as tungsten, platinum, and molybdenum which reduced thermal fatigue, but exhibited oxidation and suppressed crack initiation only as long as the coating did not fracture. Final test results confirmed earlier findings and coatings with Pt and W proved to be the candidate materials to be used on a die surface to increase die life. In the W-coated specimens, which remained intact on the surface after thermal fatigue testing, no oxidation was found under the coating, although a few cracks formed on the surface where the coating broke down. Further research is planned.

  7. Ontsporing van die regstaatsbegrip en sy konsekwensies vir die afrikanervolk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G.S. Van der Walt

    1966-03-01

    Full Text Available Die opvatting van die suiwere regstaat bring sy vraagstukke mee wanneer dit in verband gebring word met die leer van die soewereiniteit in eie kring. Laasgenoemde leer wortel in die geloof dat God die mens roep tot diens aan Hom, en dat die mens vry moet wees om ten opsigte van alle lewensaspekte God na die hoogste mate te kan dien. Hierdie verskeidenheid van aspekte is deur dr. A. Kuyper en sy volgelinge gesistemati- seer tot menslike verbande en lewenskringe, elk met ’n be- paalde sfeer waarin ander kringe nie mag inmeng nie. Elkeen is dan soewerein binne sy eie kring. Met verwysing na die staat is dan gespreek van die staatstaak as synde die hand- hawing van die reg, en omdat die staat in toenemende mate hom veral in die latere tyd ook besig gehou het met bedrywig- hede wat nouliks as van juridiese aard beskou kan word, is daar die onderskeid gemaak tussen die primêre en sekundêre taak van die staat. Die sistematiek van die wetsidee, deur prof. Dooyeweerd ontwikkel, waar die staat sy bestemmingsfunksie in die regsaspek vind, het vanselfsprekend geen plek vir so 'n dualistiese staatstaak nie, en die oplossing is deur sommige daarin gesoek om sulke staatsoptrede te vertolk as hebbende wel betrekking op die regsgemeenskap of die regsverkeer. Staatsondernemings soos paaie, spoorweë, spellingreëling, ens. word dan beskou as noodsaaklik vir die instandhouding van die regsgemeenskap en regsverkeer. Tereg wys A. M. Donner1 daarop dat so ’n vertolking eintlik neerkom op ’n oorspanning van die regsbegrip. Hy self sien dan die staatstaak in vrede- of orde-handhawing, wat in die eerste plaas wel regshandha- wing veronderstel. Onder orde word dan alles verstaan wat noodsaaklik is vir die gladde verkeer in die ontwikkelingsgang van die regsgemeenskap. Die wese van die staat het dan vol- gens hom te doen met reg, maar sy taak is meer as suiwere regshandhawing. Wat onrus verwek en die orde versteur, moet uit die openbare lewe verwyder word, en die

  8. Die sterwende kindjie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.T. De Jongh van Arkel

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available The thought of a child dying appears as an antithesis and thus the feelings evoked by the dying child are stronger than when older persons are dying. Around the child’s death bed there is no place for detached spectators and all become involved in caring for and supporting him. Caregivers also have a supporting responsibility towards the members of the child’s family.

  9. Analise van die Tswanaraaisel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Swanepoel

    1984-05-01

    Full Text Available ’n Strukturele, stilistiese en funksionele bcskrywing van die Twanaraaisel bring mee dat daar aan die volgende aspekte aandag gegee moet word: •\tWat is ’n raaisel en lioe word dit in Tswana genoem. •\tTot watter studiegebied en literere genre hoort die raaisel en watter subvorme kan vir Tswana onderskei word. •\tHoe sien die struktuur van Tswanaraaisels daar uit. •\tDeur wie, waar, wanneer en hoe word Tswanaraaisels voorgedra. •\tWatter stilistiese kenmcrke kan in Tswanaraaisels onderskei word. •\tWatter funksies vervul raaisels in ’n Tswanagcmeenskap.

  10. Die brein soos beskou deur die Grieke en Romeine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois P. Retief

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In Ou Egipte is mummifikasie met uitgebreide reseksie of uitsnyding van organe geassosieer, maar geen kennis is geneem van die morfologie van die brein nie. Griekse skrywers van die sesde en vyfde eeue v.C. het die brein aanvanklik gesien as die setel van intelligensie, die orgaan van sensoriese waarneming en gedeeltelik die oorsprong van sperma. Pneuma het ’n belangrike rol in breinfunksie gespeel. Hippokrates was die eerste om die brein te beskryf as ’n dubbele orgaan, wat met harsingvlies (meninges bedek, funksioneel van pneuma afhanklik en vertolker van begrip is. Tydgenote soos Plato, Aristoteles en Diokles het tot die beskrywing bygedra, maar laasgenoemde twee het beweer dat die hart die middelpunt van intelligensie is en nie die brein nie. Gedurende die laaste helfte van die vierde eeu v.C. is disseksie van die menslike liggaam tydelik aan die mediese skool van Alexandrië toegelaat en het dit tot merkwaardige vooruitgang in die begrip van die menslike anatomie en fisiologie gelei. Herofilus en Erasistratus het uitstekende beskrywings van die struktuur en funksie van die brein gegee wat eers in die tweede eeu n.C. deur Galenus geëwenaar is.

  11. DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE JEUG IN VOORTREKKERTYDPERK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dien. Die planke en velie moes keer dat die assegaaie die mense tref. Voor die geveg het die vrouens en groter dogters koeels gegiet. Tydens die geveg het die seuns gehelp skiet terwyl die vrouens en dogters die gewere vir die mans gelaai het. Van die dogters soos Nellie. Botha (11 jaar oud) en haar sussie Fya (15 jaar.

  12. Die oorbrug van ’n generasiegaping: Die volwasse jeugboekskrywer in gesprek met die jong leser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. du Plessis

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Die skrywer van die jeugboek is in verreweg die meeste gevalle ’n volwassene, terwyl die verteller soms grootmens, soms jongmens is, en die veronderstelde leser per definisie altyd ’n jeugdige. In wese dus ’n paradoks, ’n teelaarde vir ’n kommunikasiegaping. Hoe oorleef die skrywer dié paradoks?

  13. N HERSIENING VAN DIE AFRIKAANSE VERTALING VAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    aksie aan die kant van die man, wat beter weer te gee is met „ver stoting"^). Maar apoÍM^in met die ... 'n nuwe afrikaanse woord, wat minstens trou is aan die oorspronklike en wat nie die misverstand voortsit nie, te vind. .... Mt. 28 : 1: Opse de sabbatön te epipha^onse, eis mian sabhatön . . . gee die Afr. Vert. die geleentheid ...

  14. Die impak van kritiek op die samestelling van die Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (WAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Botha

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Opsomming: Die WAT se sensitiwiteit vir kritiek blyk duidelik uit die feit dat geeneen vandie hoofpunte van kritiek ten opsigte van die eerste ag dele in die kritiek op dele IX en X herhaalword nie. Ensiklopediese behandeling van leksikale items, die ingewikkeldheid of onverstaanbaarheidvan betekenisverklarings, die ondeurdagte aanwending van voorbeeldmateriaal, stadige alfabetiesevordering en die afwesigheid van volledige uitspraakleiding figureer derhalwe nie in diekritiek op dele IX en X nie. Die artikel gee 'n oorsig van die hoofpunte van kritek op dele IX en X enbespreek hoe die WAT in daaropvolgende dele op die kritiek gereageer het. In gevalle waar daarnie op geldige kritiek ag geslaan is nie, of waar die kritiek nie met praktiese voorstelle gepaardgegaanhet nie, word aanpassings aan die hand gedoen. Sodoende word die wisselwerking tussenleksikografiese teorie en praktyk 'n dinamiese proses.

    Sleutelwoorde: HOOFPUNTE VAN KRITIEK, OMGANGSTAAL, VOLGORDE VANSITATE, UITSPRAAKLEIDING, ONBEREIKBARE VERWYSINGS, MISLEIDENDE SINONIEMVERWYSINGS,WISSELWERKING TUSSEN LEKSIKOGRAFIESE TEORIE EN PRAKTYK

    Abstract: The Impact of Criticism on the Compilation of the Woordeboekvan die Afrikaanse Taal (WAT. The WAT's sensitivity to criticism is evident from the factthat none of the main points of criticism against the first eight volumes is repeated in the criticismof volumes IX and X. Encyclopedic treatment of lexical items, complexity or incomprehensibility ofmeaning descriptions, ill-judged use of citations, slow alphabetic progress and the absence of fullpronunciation guidance therefore do not feature in the criticism on volumes IX and X. The articlegives an overview of the main points of criticism against the ninth and tenth volumes and discussesthe way in which the WAT reacted to the criticism in subsequent volumes. In instanceswhere valid critique was disregarded, or where the critique was not accompanied by practicalsolutions

  15. Oor die Bybel in die Afrikaanse digkuns

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    another. As a matter of fact, the development of Afri kaans, the instrument of the poet, has been significantly influenced the Afrikaans translation of the Bible. Belie ... ook gesê het: Saam met ons literatuur, so oud as hy is. Die eerste Afrikaanse digter by wie ons omvattende Bybelse invloed kry, is. Totius, een van ons vroegste ...

  16. Packaging Technologies for 500C SiC Electronics and Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Liang-Yu

    2013-01-01

    Various SiC electronics and sensors are currently under development for applications in 500C high temperature environments such as hot sections of aerospace engines and the surface of Venus. In order to conduct long-term test and eventually commercialize these SiC devices, compatible packaging technologies for the SiC electronics and sensors are required. This presentation reviews packaging technologies developed for 500C SiC electronics and sensors to address both component and subsystem level packaging needs for high temperature environments. The packaging system for high temperature SiC electronics includes ceramic chip-level packages, ceramic printed circuit boards (PCBs), and edge-connectors. High temperature durable die-attach and precious metal wire-bonding are used in the chip-level packaging process. A high temperature sensor package is specifically designed to address high temperature micro-fabricated capacitive pressure sensors for high differential pressure environments. This presentation describes development of these electronics and sensor packaging technologies, including some testing results of SiC electronics and capacitive pressure sensors using these packaging technologies.

  17. Attachment and social networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillath, Omri; C Karantzas, Gery; Lee, Juwon

    2018-02-21

    The current review covers two lines of research linking attachment and social networks. One focuses on attachment networks (the people who fulfill one's attachment needs), examining composition and age-related differences pertaining to these networks. The other line integrates attachment with social network analysis to investigate how individual differences in adult attachment are associated with the management and characteristics (e.g., density, multiplexity, and centrality) of people's social networks. We show that most people's attachment networks are small and hierarchical, with one figure being the primary attachment figure (often a mother or romantic partner, depending on age). Furthermore, attachment style predicts network characteristics and management, such that insecurity is associated with less closeness, multiplexity, centrality, and poorer management (less maintenance, more dissolution). Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Attachment and Related Variables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umit Morsunbul

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Attachment which is defined as strong emotional bond people develop for significant others have been investigated by researchers for long years. Attachment theory proposes that attachment patterns developed in the first stages of life are carried onto next stages of life with internal working models. Additionally it is also proposed that attachment patterns are important to determine individual’s social-emotional competence. This study aims to review how attachment patterns differ according to life stages, continuity/discontiniuty of attachment patterns developed in the first stages of life and evaluate the relations between attachment patterns and social-emotional competence. The basic features of social relations model, relationship between attachment patterns and identity development, and risk taking behavior in adolescence have also been investigated in this review.

  19. calvyn oor die leiding van die heilige gees in die verklaring van die

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mittel alters, bis er zur Ruhe kommt bei den kanonischen Schriften der. Urzeit der christlichen Ära (Barth ... (ego tamen dimoveri non possum ab amore compendii, CO 10, 403). Deur die boodskap van die .... Idem ergo spiritus qui per os prophetarum loquutus est, in corda nostra penetret necesse est, ut persuadeat fideliter ...

  20. Die skeppingsordeninge en homoseksualiteit

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BERKOUWER, GC 1974. Een halve eeuw theologie. Kampen: Kok. BRUNNER, E 1934. Unsere Glauhe. Ziirich: Zwingli. BRUNNER, E 1939. Das Gebot und die Ordnungen. Ziirich: Swingli. BRUNNER, E 1950. Die Christliche Lehre von Schopfung und Erlosung. Ziirich; Zwingli. GEREFORMEERDE KERKEN NEDERLAND.

  1. Die Bilder zum Text

    OpenAIRE

    Loesch, Perk

    2007-01-01

    Die ebenso glückliche, wie schöne und wertvolle Erwerbung einer Handschrift von Wilhelm Dilich (1571/72-1650) für die Handschriftensammlung der SLUB gibt Veranlassung, nicht allein diese Handschrift vorzustellen, sondern auch an ihren Verfasser zu erinnern, dessen Wirken gleichermaßen mit Hessen und Sachsen verbunden ist.

  2. Die entwicklung, die metamorphose, die entstehung: Die konzepte des organismus von Aristoteles bis Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamerer Eva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (nemački In diesem Aufsatz versuche ich, die Elemente verschiedener Konzepte des Organismus in der Philosophie und in der Wissenschaft zu analysieren. Die Deutungen des Organismus und der Einheit der Natur bei Aristoteles, Kant und Goethe werden als ein Beispiel der Bewegung von einem finalistischen zum antifinalistischen Bild der Natur verstanden.

  3. Attachment Without Fear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, David C

    2009-12-01

    John Bowlby hypothesized an attachment system that interacts with caregiving, exploration, and fear systems in the brain, with a particular emphasis on fear. Neurobiological research confirms many of his hypotheses and also raises some new questions. A psychological model based on this neurobiological research is presented here. The model extends conventional attachment theory by describing additional attachment processes independent of fear. In this model, the attachment elements of trust, openness, and dependence interact with the caregiving elements of caring, empathy, and responsibility.

  4. Attachment Without Fear

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, David C.

    2009-01-01

    John Bowlby hypothesized an attachment system that interacts with caregiving, exploration, and fear systems in the brain, with a particular emphasis on fear. Neurobiological research confirms many of his hypotheses and also raises some new questions. A psychological model based on this neurobiological research is presented here. The model extends conventional attachment theory by describing additional attachment processes independent of fear. In this model, the attachment elements of trust, o...

  5. Electron-attachment processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christophorou, L.G.; McCorkle, D.L.; Christodoulides, A.A.

    1982-01-01

    Topics covered include: (1) modes of production of negative ions, (2) techniques for the study of electron attachment processes, (3) dissociative electron attachment to ground-state molecules, (4) dissociative electron attachment to hot molecules (effects of temperature on dissociative electron attachment), (5) molecular parent negative ions, and (6) negative ions formed by ion-pair processes and by collisions of molecules with ground state and Rydberg atoms

  6. Belt attachment and system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Abraham D.; Davidson, Erick M.

    2018-03-06

    Disclosed herein is a belt assembly including a flexible belt with an improved belt attachment. The belt attachment includes two crossbars spaced along the length of the belt. The crossbars retain bearings that allow predetermined movement in six degrees of freedom. The crossbars are connected by a rigid body that attaches to the bearings. Implements that are attached to the rigid body are simply supported but restrained in pitching rotation.

  7. Belt attachment and system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Abraham D.; Davidson, Erick M.

    2016-02-02

    Disclosed herein is a belt assembly including a flexible belt with an improved belt attachment. The belt attachment includes two crossbars spaced along the length of the belt. The crossbars retain bearings that allow predetermined movement in six degrees of freedom. The crossbars are connected by a rigid body that attaches to the bearings. Implements that are attached to the rigid body are simply supported but restrained in pitching rotation.

  8. Attachment and Psychopathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Fatih Ustundag

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The type of attachment defined in the early stages of life and thought to be continuous, is a phenomenon that shapes the pattern of how a person makes contact with others. The clinical appearance of every type of attachment is different and each one has prospective and retrospective phenomenological reflections. In all stages of life and in close relationships, it can be observed if a person gets in close contact with someone else and if this relation bears supportive and protective qualities. According to attachment theorists, once it is defined as safe or unsafe during nursing period, it shows little change. Starting from Bowlby’s work, unsafe attachment type is considered as the determining factor of psychopathology in the later periods of life, while safe attachment is considered as in relation with healthy processes. The nature’s original model is safe attachment. Anxious/indecisive attachment, an unsafe attachment type, is associated with anxiety disorders and depressive disorder, while avoidant attachment is associated with behavior disorder and other extroverted pathologies. Disorganized/disoriented attachment is considered to be together with dissociative disorder. The aim of this paper is to review attachment theory and the relation between attachment and psychopathology.

  9. Attachment over Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Michael; Feiring, Candice; Rosenthal, Saul

    2000-01-01

    Examined continuity in attachment classification from infancy through adolescence and related it to autobiographical memories of childhood, divorce, and maladjustment in white middle-class children. Found no continuity in attachment classification from 1 to 18 years and no relation between infant attachment status and adolescent adjustment.…

  10. Special Attachments. Module 19.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

    This module on special attachments, one in a series dealing with industrial sewing machines, their attachments, and operation, covers four topics: gauges; cording attachment; zipper foot; and hemming, shirring, and binding. For each topic these components are provided: an introduction, directions, an objective, learning activities, student…

  11. Sendinginvloed op die Sepediversvorm – Die kerklied | Groenewald ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die woordgroepvers is as 'a borderline case between Verse and Prose' beskryf. Ook het die sendelinge nie hiermee rekening gehou dat rym in Sepedi nie ʼn doeltreffende middel is om versmaat te definieer nie. Hulle het die liedere gevolglik as heffingsverse saamgestel. Die ekwivalensie van die versreëls word daarom ...

  12. die ontstaan en ontwikkeling van die kwartiermeester-generaal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Okt 1976 ... Verskillende korpse is ingestel en verskeie funk- sies, waaronder ook die logistieke funksie is uit- gevoer.1. Die eerste Verdedigingsregulasies word op 23. Desember 1912 gepubliseer. Volgens hierdie regulasies is die departement van Verdediging in drie afdelings verdeel, nl die Afdeling van die.

  13. die aard, studieveld en funksie van die krygsgeskiedenis1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    word, juis omdat hy hom met grondbeginsels, soos die Invloed van politlek en die menslike natuur op militere operasles, besig gehou het.33. Die beroemde militere denker, Carl von Clausewitz, het egter tereg daarop gewys dat die mees resente krygsgeskiedeins vanself- sprekend die beste bron vir historlese voorbeelde.

  14. sinkronisasie van estrus by die sa vleismerino: die invloed op ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ). Deur clie dosis DMSG van 300 tot tr00 lE te verhoog, het die aantal lammers per ooie gepaar met l4,l persent gedaal (P < 0,05). Die persentasie meerlinge van die or-rie *at beset geraak het, was die hoogste in die 600 tE DN{SG groep ...

  15. Die Suid-Afrikaanse Oorlogsekonomie gedurende die Tweede ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    invoerbeheer is dit benewens die invoer- permit vereis. ii. In die geval van invoere uit die Gemene- beslande, was geen permitte nie maar wei noodsaaklikheidsertifikate nodig. d. Uitvoerpermitte i. Geen permitte is in die geval van goedere wat na die Verenigde Koninkryk, Noord- lerland, Kanada, Australie, Nieu-Seeland,.

  16. amp' van die ouderling in die Nuwe Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jesus self het geen kerk gestig nie en daarom, veral omdat die Jesus-beweging inter mums ten opsigte van die Joodse godsdiens van sy tyd tot stand gekom het, het ...... Die klem val dus nie op die npoTCTT0fievo<; se rang of outoriteit nie, maar op sy pastorale funksie in die huishouding of huisgemeente (kyk Reicke.

  17. DIE BETREKKING TUSSEN JESUS EN JOHANNES DIE DOPER Na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    eeue veral 'n ernstige bedreiging vir die Christelike gemeente, altans in sekere gebiede, geword het/) Die methode van weerlegging van die Doper-aansprake, wat in die Pseudo-clementyne gevolg word, is die sogenaamde suzH#:a: (Hom. 2. 16-17 en Rec. 3. 16). Hierdie skolastiese bewys-methode voer aan dat God alles ...

  18. Mitmachen oder wegschauen – Der Holocaust und die deutsche Bevölkerung Crisis of Orientation and the Discourse of Violence of the Fin de Siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albrecht Wiesener

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Victoria J. Barnett befasst sich mit der zentralen Frage jeder historischen Diskussion des Holocaust: Warum blieben die meisten Deutschen angesichts der brutalen und rassistischen Politik gegen die Juden passiv? Ihre Studie konzentriert sich auf das Phänomen der „Bystander“ – Zuschauer, Beobachter, Mitwisser – , das ethische und moralische Fragen zum Verhalten der Mehrzahl der Deutschen während des Holocaust aufwirft. Ausgehend von vielfältigem Quellenmaterial untersucht Barnett das Phänomen auf drei Ebenen: der individuellen, der institutionellen und der internationalen. Ziel des Buches ist es, den Leser/-innen eine komplexere Sicht auf das Verhalten von „Bystandern“ zu bieten, welche auch auf aktuelle Erscheinungsformen von Genozid und Terror angewendet werden kann.In her book, Victoria J. Barnett takes up the central question of any historical discussion of the Holocaust: Why did most Germans remain passive in the face of the brutal and racist policy against the Jews? Her study focuses on the bystander phenomenon that does not only reveal a historical problem but raises ethical and moral questions about the behaviour of the majority of Germans during the Holocaust. Drawing from a wide variety of sources, Barnett examines the historical and ethical implications of bystander behaviour on three levels: the individual, institutional, and international. Mechanisms of denial and complicity functioned on all of theses levels. The books aim is to give the reader a more complex view on the bystander phenomenon that too can applied on more current appearances of genocide and terror.

  19. Die Reformdiskussion in der senegalesischen Sprachplanungs- politik

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die neue Schule hat sowohl die Eigenschaften der Kanone wie des Magnets: Mit der Kanone teilte sie die Wirksamkeit einer Kampfwaffe. Besser als die Kanone es kann, verleiht die Schule der Eroberung auf Dauer. Die Kanone bezwingt nur den Leib, die Schule erobert die Seelen. […] Mit dem Magnet hat die Schule die.

  20. Demonologie in die Nuwe- Testamentiese tydvak

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bose altyd as die wederstrewige mag in die mens wat stry teen die oormag van die Woord van God. Die verwesenliking van hierdie tweërlei doelwit vra na riglyne om die demonologie as verskynsel in die Nuwe-Testamentiese tydvak te interpreteer. Die inhoud van my bydrae gaan hoofsaaklik in op die oorsprong van die ...

  1. Pentateugtradisies in die boek Hosea

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    om te bepaal of die verwysing na 'n gebeure te doen het met die verre verlede of met die .... Hosea 2:1-2 JHWH se trou aan sy beloftes. ... dat huile na Egipte sal terugkeer. Die presiese bedoeiing van die woorde 'huile sal terugkeer na Egipte' is omstre- de. Kommentatore soos Rudolph meen dat dit verstaan moet word as ...

  2. Die begrafnisdíens

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (De Vaux 1961:108). Was die begrafnis 'n familie of 'n kerklike aangeleentheid? Hierdie vraag word nie in die Bybel beantwoord nie. Abraham het sy vrou begrawe (Gen 23: 19-. 20). Isak en Ismael ..... ver gekom om die begrafnis 'n kerklike aangeleentheid te maak nie. Hierdie stap .... trou aan die sorg van God. * Die kerk ...

  3. Metodes in die Christelike etiek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The basic question in Christian ethics is not primarily. 'What should I do?' The basic question is rather ' ... should therefore be accepted as being part of the method used in Christian ethics. 1. INLEIDEND ..... aan die kant van die onderdrukte' verkondig word, word die Christen opgeroep om horn te skaar aan die kant van die ...

  4. Die owerheidsinmenging met betrekking tot kerklike tughandelinge.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Roeleveld

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available Volgens art 29 NGB is die merktekens van die ware kerk die suiwere prediking van die Evangelie, die suiwere bediening van die Sakramente en die gebruik van die kerklike tug. Art. 32 NGB spreek uit dat die Kerkorde nie mag afwyk van wat Christus ingestel het nie. Menslike vindinge en wette om die gewetens te bind en te dwing, moet daarom verwerp word. Die ekskommunikasie of die ban moet toegepas word volgens die Woord van God.

  5. 'n Model vir die meting van die bou- rekenaar se ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . 'n Vraelys is in 2010 aan geselekteerde praktiserende bourekenaars, argitekte, ingenieurs, kliënte en aannemers per e-pos gesirkuleer met die doel om sienings ten opsigte van die volwassenheid van bourekenkundige kommunikasie in die ...

  6. Die Rolle der microRNAs und Dicer in Entzündungszellen von Atemwegserkrankungen

    OpenAIRE

    Thiele, Stefanie

    2010-01-01

    Atemwegserkrankungen stellen ein weltweites Gesundheitsproblem dar und sind durch die Infiltration der Atemwege durch Immunzellen und die daraus resultierende Entzündung charakterisiert. Antientzündliche Therapieansätze sind daher am wichtigsten und effektivsten. Speziell für die Behandlung von Atemwegserkrankungen am Patienten ist eine effiziente topische Verabreichung von Therapeutika über die Atemwege wünschenswert. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) können Gene posttranskriptionell reguliere...

  7. die waarde van die ou testament volgens hf kohlbrugge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    En: “As jy die vyf boeke van Moses verstaan, verstaan jy die hele Skrif.” 3.3 Die slot van die boek. Kohlbrugge (1855:133) het nie verwag dat hy die aan nuwerwetse geleerdes voldoening sou verskaf met hierdie boek nie. Wel voel hy dat hy sy doel be- reik het. Daardie doel was om elke denkende gemoed te oortuig dat die ...

  8. Die Zeitung der Zukunft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Christoph; Schaffert, Sebastian

    Schon lange wird spekuliert, wie wir in Zukunft Zeitung lesen werden. Werden wir am Frühstückstisch wie gewohnt in einer Zeitung aus Papier schmökern oder werden wir die Zeitung als biegsame Folie beschrieben mit elektronischer Tinte in Händen halten? Wird die Zeitung mit anderen Medien wie Radio und Fernsehen verschmelzen? Viele Varianten sind denkbar. Heute lässt sich schon ein Trend ablesen: Immer mehr Leser entdecken die Online-Zeitung als Informationsmedium, eine Voraussetzung für die Nutzung neuer Technologien in der Zeitung der Zukunft. In diesem Kapitel stellen wir Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten der Online-Zeitung dar, wie sie im Social Semantic Web möglich werden.

  9. Die Wahrheit des Holocaust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Stolleis

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Rezensiertes Werk: Raul Hilberg, Die Quellen des Holocaust. Entschlüsseln und Interpretieren. Deutsch von Udo Rennert, Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer 2002, 256 S., ISBN 3-10-033626-7

  10. Die Bibliothek des Bezirksmuseums Josefstadt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ettl

    2015-01-01

    Josefstadt in Wien werden die Herkunft der Bibliotheksbestände und die beengte Raumsituation beschrieben. Abschließend wird auf die Erfassung der Medien mittels der Bibliothekssoftware „Biblioweb“ eingegangen.

  11. Die verband tussen die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. J. Stanz

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The aim of this study is to design a measuring instrument with acceptable metric characteristics for the strength of the psychological contract within the South African context, and to determine empirically the relation between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The Dhammanungune Model served as foundation for the design of the Strength of the Psychological Contract Questionnaire which consists of two scales namely, a needs expectation scale and a needs fulfilment expectation scale. The items of each scale have been formulated in the manner that ensures that the respondent reacts consecutively to two instructions namely, (a the level of the expectation and (b the importance of the expectation. This questionnaire was administered together with the Organisational Commitment Questionnaire to two population groups within the military environment. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was calculated between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment and the significance of the correlations was evaluated. Opsomming Die doel van die studie is om 'n meetinstrument met aanvaarbare metriese eienskappe vir die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vir Suid-Afrikaanse omstandighede te ontwerp en om empirics die verband tussen die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid te bepaal. Die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vraelys is op grond van die Dhammanungune-model ontwerp en het uit twee skale naamlik, die behoefteverwagting- en vervullingsverwagtingskale bestaan. Items vir eike skaal is sodanig geformuleer dat die respondent agteropeenvolgens op twee instruksies naamlik (a die vlak van die verwagting en (b die belangrikheid van die verwagting moet reageer. Die vraelys is saam met die organisasieverbondenheidsvraelys op twee populasies uit 'n militere omgewing toegepas. Die Pearson

  12. van die WATt

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Verder word 'n rekenaarveldstruktuur voorgestel waarvolgens inligting op skerm in die woordeboek in-. Dit is 'n bygewerkte weergawe van 'n referaat wat op 4 Julie 1990 by 'n kongres van die LVSA op. Stellenbosch gelewer is. R ep rod u ced b y Sa b in et G a tew a. y u n d er licen ce gra n ted b y th e P u b lish er (d a ted.

  13. The day Madiba died

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... geweld (“Utopia” [129–41]—Christina van Deventer), die seksuele misbruik van kinders (“Een, twee, drie, blok myself”. [98–103]—Ilisna Nel), posttraumatiese stres (“Ontspoor” [117–22]—Tanya van. Buuren) en geestestoornisse (“Lettie se verlies” [150–5]—Elani Venter) word ondersoek. In die satiriese ...

  14. Die postpolitische Stadt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Swyngedouw

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Polis ist tot, es lebe die kreative Stadt! Während die Stadt, zumindest in Teilen des städtischen Raums, blüht und gedeiht, scheint die Polis im idealisierten griechischen Sinn dem Untergang geweiht; in diesem Verständnis ist sie der Ort der öffentlichen politischen Auseinandersetzung und demokratischen Unterhandlung und somit eine Stätte (oft radikaler Abweichung und Unstimmigkeit, an der die politische Subjektivierung buchstäblich ihren Platz hat. Diese Figur einer entpolitisierten (oder postpolitischen und postdemokratischen Stadt im Spätkapitalismus bildet das Leitmotiv des vorliegenden Beitrags. Ich lehne mich dabei an Jacques Rancière, Slavoj Žižek, Chantal Mouffe, Mustafa Dikeç, Alain Badiou und andere Kritiker jenes zynischen Radikalismus an, der dafür gesorgt hat, dass eine kritische Theorie und eine radikale politische Praxis ohnmächtig und unfruchtbar vor jenen entpolitisierenden Gesten stehen, die in der polizeilichen Ordnung des zeitgenössischen neoliberalen Spätkapitalismus als Stadtentwicklungspolitik [urban policy] und städtische Politik [urban politics] gelten. Ziel meiner Intervention ist es, das Politische wieder in den Mittelpunkt der zeitgenössischen Debatten über das Urbane zu stellen. [...

  15. Assisted Dying & Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddle, Christopher A

    2017-07-01

    This article explores at least two dominant critiques of assisted dying from a disability rights perspective. In spite of these critiques, I conclude that assisted dying ought to be permissible. I arrive at the conclusion that if we respect and value people with disabilities, we ought to permit assisted dying. I do so in the following manner. First, I examine recent changes in legislation that have occurred since the Royal Society of Canada Expert Panel on End-of-Life Decision-Making report, published in this journal. I suggest that these changes are likely to only strengthen opposition to assisted dying from disability rights activists and people with disabilities. Second, I focus on respect for people with disabilities and in particular, respect for their autonomy and decision-making abilities. Third, I explore the opposition to assisted dying that focuses on risk and the vulnerability of people with disabilities. Here I suggest that this risk ought not to be of special concern. Ultimately, I conclude that upholding respect for the disabled requires the legalization of assisted dying, rather than the denial of access in a misguided effort to protect people with disabilities. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Die liefde wat die son beweeg en die ander sterre: Digterlike transendering – tot die vermenigvuldigde lewe ontroer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. (Rensia Robinson

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available T.T. Cloete se oeuvre word onder andere gekenmerk deur fyn waarneming van ’n mistieke vervlegtheid in die skepping. Dit word op vele maniere ontgin en geïnterpreteer. Die poëtiese potensiaal van die vrou, in uiteenlopende gestaltes, is een van die sentrale temas waardeur die digter hieraan vorm gee. In die kunstige, bibliofiele uitgawe Uit die wit lig van my land gesny val die lig op die vrou se kreatiewe rol in die groter skepping wat haar onder andere identifiseer as haarveer vir digterlike insig en vormgewing. Vrou (alternatief Anna Perenna, universele moeder, is nie slegs draer van die lewenskiem wat tot gees transendeer nie, maar sy funksioneer as ligbron (’sonvrou’ wat selfs kosmiese insig verwesenlik. Dit raak meervoudige vorms en patrone waarin die mens ingeweef is in die universele hologram van lewe. Vir die digter is hierdie patroonvorming vergelykbaar met die maak van Persiese tapyte waarvan die patrone vasgelê is in die geheue van voorouers, en oorgedra word na opeenvolgende geslagte. In dié verkenning word digterlike transendering ontgin as ’n proses waarin die kleurvolheid van lewe en dood in en deur individuele sowel as universele vroulikheid geïnspireer word.

  17. Die histologie en ultrastruktuur van die hepatopankreas van die bloukurper Oreochromis mossambicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Nel

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available Die histologie en ultrastruktuur van die hepatopankreas van die bloukurper Oreochromis mossambicus word beskryf. ’n Dun bindweefselkapsel omring die lewer. Die hepatosietrangskikking vertoon as lobules, met die koorde van hepatosiete wat vanaf ’n sentrale vene uitradieer en met mekaar anastomaseer. Indiwiduele lewerlohules vertoon nie duidelike grense nie, maar enkele duidelike triades word wel in die lewer van O. mossambicus aangetref. Die hepatosiete bevat ’n enkele ronde kern met ’n duidelike nukleolus en die growwe endoplasmiese retikula kom in twee of meer rye om die kerne en teen die selgrense van die hepatosiete voor. Die ander sitoplasmiese organelle kom verspreid in die hepatosietsitoplasma voor. Die eksokriene pankreasselle is om die portale venes gesetel. Die kerne van hierdie selle is rond en is hasaal in die kubies- tot silindervormige selle gelee. ’n Goedontwikkelde growwe endoplasmiese retikulum — vesikulêr, tubulêr en sirkulêr in vorm — en sektretoriese granules wat apikaal in die sel gelee is, kom voor.

  18. ATTACHMENT AND TRANSFER

    OpenAIRE

    Pasare, Daniela

    2011-01-01

    Bowlby's concept of attachment and Freud's concept of transference are two of the most influential theories of how we construct mental representations of human relationships. The attachment’s theory offers one more strategy for the therapeutic approach. Factors that lead to a secure attachment between mother and child may also be applied to the relationship between patient and psychotherapist. Psychotherapy may help a patient create himself new attachment and relationship patterns. Creating a...

  19. Electron attachment in tetrafluoromethane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dutton, J.; Lucas, A.K.; Williams, A.W.; Goodings, A.

    1987-01-01

    A pulsed drift-tube technique has been employed to measure electron attachment coefficients in CF 4 . Previous measurements have been extended from approx. 45 Td to approx. 20 Td [1 Td = 10 -21 Vm 2 ] showing a decrease in the reduced attachment coefficient of approx. 2 orders of magnitude through this range of E/N [electric field/gas number density]. Absolute attachment coefficients as low as 1 x 10 -4 cm -1 have been determined. (author)

  20. Mechanics of patterned helical Si springs on Si substrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, D L; Ye, D X; Khan, F; Tang, F; Lim, B K; Picu, R C; Wang, G C; Lu, T M

    2003-12-01

    The elastic response, including the spring constant, of individual Si helical-shape submicron springs, was measured using a tip-cantilever assembly attached to a conventional atomic force microscope. The isolated, four-turn Si springs were fabricated using oblique angle deposition with substrate rotation, also known as the glancing angle deposition, on a templated Si substrate. The response of the structures was modeled using finite elements, and it was shown that the conventional formulae for the spring constant required modifications before they could be used for the loading scheme used in the present experiment.

  1. Attachment Security and Pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tonny Elmose; Lahav, Yael; Defrin, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    The present study assesses for the first time, the possible disruption effect of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) with regard to the protective role of attachment on pain, among ex-POWs. While secure attachment seems to serve as a buffer, decreasing the perception of pain, this function may...... and pain, as well as the mediation role of attachment between captivity and pain. The results imply that although attachment can be an important resource for coping with pain, it can be severely disrupted by PTSS among trauma survivors....

  2. C. L. DIE UITDRUKKING „MAN VAN GOD” IN DIE BYBEL Die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    geskiedenis te volg, waarby ons egter telkens daaraan moet dink dat dit nie altyd die chronologiese volgorde van die Bybelse litteratuur is nie. Moses word op ses plekke 'n man van God genoem. Die eerste is. Deut. 33:1: „En dit is die seën waarmee Moses, die man van God, die kinders van Israel geseën het voor sy dood.

  3. Die afrikaner: definisie en konsep*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. Coetzee

    1977-03-01

    Full Text Available Die uitnodiging om deel te necm aan hierdie simposium het tot gevolg gehad dat ek deurgaans meer gewonder het oor die vraag waaroin die wêreld as’t ware so behep geraak het met die Afrika­ ner as om ’n antwoord te vind op die vraag wat deur die tcma gesuggereer word, naamlik wie is die Afrikaner eintlik? As volkekundige het ek hierin iets van die dramatiese ironic ervaar deur te dink aan daardie volke wat so veelvuldig deur ons volkekundiges besoek en waargeneem word, dat dit tot verleentheid en ergerlikheid lei. In hierdie geval bevind ek my nou in albei rolle te wete die van etnoloog en van lid van die volk op wie die mcnigvuldige disseksies uitgevoer word.

  4. Konstitusionele ontwikkelinge in die transkei*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Henning

    1962-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoewel die Transkei met ’n oppervlakte van 16,000 vk. myl, die grootste aaneengeslote Banloeblok in Suid-Afrika is, is dit kleiner as sells die kleinste onafhanklike staal in Afrika, naamlik Togoland met ’n oppervlakte van 20,000 vk. myl. Word die distrik Glen Grey, wat geogra- fies ’n deel daarvan vorm, bygereken, beslaan dit 4Vi> miljoen morg wat ongeveer so groot is as Basoetoland plus die Bantoegedeelte van Swaziland. Die Transkei strek vanaf die Keirivier tot aan die Natalse suidelike grens en lê tussen die Drakensberge en die Indiese Oseaan en is feitlik net so n gebroke landskap as Natal; 15% van die gebied is berge, 40% baie bergagtig, 34% is Iienwelagtig en slegs 1.1% is plat en saggolwend.

  5. Die vrese van ons vaders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Cloete

    Full Text Available Die boek fokus op die plek en rol van godsdiensonderrig in skole in die konteks van godsdiensvryheid as deel van 'n demokratiese bestel in Suid-Afrika. Die skrywer betoog teen die behoefte van veral die wit Afrikaner om Christelike godsdiens te gebruik om hulle te onderskei en te isoleer van ander. Christelike godsdiens word dus gebruik om te diskrimineer teen ander wat anders glo of ongelowig is. In dié sin gaan dit dus nie soseer oor die Bybel nie, maar eerder oor die beskerming van godsdiens as magsbasis om die belange van die Afrikaner te beskerm as die sogenaamde uitverkore volk. Godsdiens in skole word dus as 'n politieke wapen gebruik in 'n demokratiese bestel, waar alle mense ongeag ras, klas en godsdiens, regte het wat erken en beskerm moet word. Hierdie poging word ten sterkte teengestaan aangesien dit veral onvanpas is binne 'n demokratiese regeringstelsel.

  6. die aard van wetgewende diskresies by die suid-afrikaanse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    In enige moderne demokrasie is daar een of ander vorm van skeiding van magte tussen die wetgewende, uitvoerende en regsprekende gesag. Hierdie skeiding van magte, die sogenaamde trias politica, kan sover teruggevoer word as 1215, met die ondertekening van die Magna Carta deur Koning John van Engeland.

  7. op die veranderinge wat in die onderrig van Afrikaans plaasgevind ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... en letterkunde onderrigtegnieke, te bespreek. Die afdeling integreer nuttig die eise van die KABV beleidsdoku mente met die praktiese onderrig van. Afrikaans as Huistaal en as Eerste Ad disionele Taal op alle vlakke. Praktiese voorbeelde en oefeninge word telkens gebruik as illustrasie en dien om ...

  8. Die belangrikheid van sagteweefsel pedikels in beserings van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die belangrikheid van sagteweefsel pedikels in beserings van die gesig. C. S. F. Smit. Abstract. Twee gevalle wat demonstreer dat die sagteweefsel pedikel van gedeeltelik geamputeerde weefsel in gesigbeserings behou moet word, word beskryf. Eenvoudige, praktiese maatreels om optimale bloedvloei deur die pedikel ...

  9. 'n Begronde bedieningsmodel vir die diakonia van die gemeente

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Feb 2012 ... reeds vir ongeveer drie jaar 'n bepaalde bedieningsmodel gevolg wat daarop gemik was om die gemeente toe te rus vir sy dienswerk, om onderlinge liefde in die gemeente te bevorder en uit te reik na buite. Die bedieningsmodel het in die gemeente as 'mekaar-bediening' of 'lidmate-kerk' bekend gestaan.

  10. DIE STAD IN DIE ISRAELITIESE VOORSTELLINGSLEWE. Een van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    'n Pleknaam soos Kir-Moab,. ,,muur van Moab" (Jes. 15:1) kan dan vergelyk word met 'n reeks van. Assiriese name wat met duru ,,muur" saamgestel is. Die grondgedagte agter die verskillende woorde voor „stad" sou dan steeds dieselfde wees, naamlik die van „muur", en daarmee sou dan die gedagte van veiligheid,.

  11. die doeltreffendheid van die afrikaanse woordelys en spelreels

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sluiting by die reel vir die verdubbeling van medeklinkers na 'n kort, be- klemtoonde klinker, woorde soos ballet, ballon, terras, terrein, dissipel en dissipline slegs met een konsonant na die eerste vokaal gespel moes word, omdat daardie voorafgaande vokaal onbeklemtoon is. Ook hierdie uit- sondering op die reel word ...

  12. Vertellersperspektief en die 'temporele' funksie van die Ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    evangelie; Waar Markus teen die ... Die einde van die Matteus-evangelie is dus oop, want nadat die epog van Jesus afgesluit is, het 'n ...... Language usage and the production of Matthew 1:18-2:23, in Spencer. RA (ed). Orientation by disorientation.

  13. Stuttgart, 1952. DIE HUIDIGE STAND VAN DIE ONDERSOEK TEN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    . Die Amerikane het hulle nie daarvoor geïnteresseer nie. Kort daarop het die handelaar, inmiddels na Europa teruggekeer, gesterf. Tot op die stadium het niemand nog met sekerheid geweet wat die codices presies bevat nie. Alleen o.g.v. 'n ...

  14. Die aanspraak op Goddelike steun in 'n konfliksituasie volgens die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    laws, and ethical or political principles. A synchronic investigation of relevant Old ... die toneel gebring met die vraag: 'aan wie se kant is God' (vgl bv The road to. Damascus 1979:6)? Volgens .... betrekking tot die Ou Testament: Hoe moet ons vasstel wie se kant God nou regtig kies, of wie veg aan die kant van God en wie ...

  15. die eerste vrydeidsoorlog: enkele aspekte mbt die britse siening van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rees in die Vereenigde. Staten van. Noord-Amerika. Dan zal het zijn van Zambezi tot aan Simonsbaai: Afrika voor den Afrikaner'.16. Die Boere het op hul beurt ook die Britse soldate met 'n mate van geamuseerdheid beskou. Dit was vir hulle onverstaanbaar dat die Engelse oral te voet met swaar pakke uitrusting op hul rOe.

  16. Effect of the Die Temperature and Blank Thickness on the Formability of a Laser-Welded Blank of a Boron Steel Sheet with Removing Al-Si Coating Layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Lee

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Reducing carbon emissions has been a major focus in the automobile industry to address various environmental issues. In particular, studies on parts comprised of high strength sheets and light car bodies are ongoing. Accordingly, this study examined the use of boron steel, which is commonly used in high strength sheets. Boron steel is a type of sheet used for hot stamping parts. Although it has high strength, the elongation is inferior, which reduces its crash energy absorption capacity. To solve this problem, two sheets of different thickness were welded so the thin sheet would absorb crash energy and the thick sheet would work as a support. Boron steel, however, may show weakening at the welding spot due to the Al-Si coating layer used to prevent oxidation from occurring during the welding process. Therefore, a certain part of the coating layer of a double-thickness boron steel sheet that is welded in the hot stamping process is removed through laser ablation, and the formability of the hot-work was examined.

  17. Die kerk en die kommunisme, uitgangspunt en perspektief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Murray

    1970-06-01

    Full Text Available Waar ons onmiddellike opdrag is om die konkrete taak van die kerk in die bestryding van Kommunisme en Marxisme te beskrywe, is ons gedwing om terug te dink aan die eerste grondslae van die vyandelike aanslag — die grondslae waarop sy leer en sy beleid van gewelddadige optrede berus. Want ons het nie te doen met ’n opportunistiese onderneming of ’n imperialistiese waagstuk as dit oor die Kommunisme gaan nie, en ook nie met die blinde opbruising van laere en agterlike volksklasse nie, maar wel met ’n deurdagte en afgeronde heelal-filosofie wat oor die aardbol versprei is en wat op sistematiese wyse en met wetenskaplike strategie ’n aanval op die bestaande Christelike orde maak.

  18. Die huwelik as identiteitsmerker in die Ou Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Gen 2:18). Uit die woorde van Genesis 2:24 dat man en vrou een sal wees, lei die derde formulier af dat dit “getuig dat die huwelik 'n allesinsluitende gemeenskap is ..... die formule gebruik word: “Hier volg die vertelling oor X se nageslag.” (Gen ..... verwys daarna as “intertwining the principal value concepts of tradition”.

  19. DIE HEDENDAAGSE SIENING VAN DIE NORMERING VAN DUITS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    taal) in Mannheim, in 1964 ges^tig en met takkantore in Bonn, Kiel en Inns-. b r u c k . D i e I n s t i t u t s t e l .... J 4. Ouitstalige (deel van) Switserland. In die Duitstalige deel van Switserland word die Duden-spelreels amptelik as bindend erken. Die enigste uitsondering is dat die simbool p vervang is deur die skryfwyse ss.

  20. Attachment Theory and Mindfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Rose; Shapiro, Shauna; Treleaven, David

    2012-01-01

    We initiate a dialog between two central areas in the field of psychology today: attachment theory/research and mindfulness studies. The impact of the early mother-infant relationship on child development has been well established in the literature, with attachment theorists having focused on the correlation between a mother's capacity for…

  1. Attachment and psychosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korver, N.

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis was to further our understanding of current psychosocial models by introducing attachment as a relevant developmental framework. Firstly, attachment theory provides a psychosocial model for a developmental pathway to psychosis. Secondly, after expression of psychotic

  2. Temperament and Attachment Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeanah, Charles H.; Fox, Nathan A.

    2004-01-01

    Reviewed in this article is research on children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) who exhibit specific patterns of socially aberrant behavior resulting from being maltreated or having limited opportunities to form selective attachments. There are no data explaining why 2 different patterns of the disorder, an emotionally withdrawn-inhibited…

  3. The Attachment Imperative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Navne, Laura Emdal; Svendsen, Mette Nordahl; Gammeltoft, Tine

    2017-01-01

    argue that there are nuances in practices of relationmaking in need of more attention (i.e., the nexus of attachment and detachment). Refraining from touching, holding, and feeding their infants during critical periods, the parents enact detachment as integral to their practices of attachment...

  4. DIE PROBLEMATIEK VAN MILITERE OPLEIDING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    administratiewe, tegnologiese, ekonomiese, diplomatieke, politieke en opvoed- kundige aktiwiteite. So bestaan 'n tipiese leeror- ganisasie in die SAW uit stafafdelings wat ver- antwoordelik is vir die ondersteunende funksies en vegtende eenhede bekend as die Iynfunksie. Die vegtende eenhede is suiwer volgens funk-.

  5. DIE LEWE VAN JOAO ALBASINI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dit het gou geblyk dat die jong Albasini nie 'n tekort aan avonture sou ondervind nie. In 1834, word Lourenco Marques deur die Zoeloe Impi's van koning Soshangane binnegeval en geplun- der. AI die blanke nedersetters is wreed vermoor behalwe Albasini, wat hom as kranksinnig voor- gedoen het en deur die Zoeloes na ...

  6. Das Messiasgeheimnis und die Spruchquelle

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    die dies Logion redaktionell an die vorangehende christologische Aussage anschließt, begegnet dabei expressis verbis das markinische Motiv der esoterischen Jüngerbelehrung. Das Geheimnis der Person Jesu offenbart. Jesus exklusiv seinen Jüngern. Die Wendung entspricht wortgleich den gleichsinnigen Aussagen, ...

  7. PRETORIA GEDURENDE DIE EERSTE VRYDEIDSOORLOG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teen die einde van 1880 het hierdie oplewing onder die. Transvalers 'n hoogtepunt bereik toe tydens die vergadering by Paardekraal op 8 Desember 1880 besluit is om tot die ... hulle in Transvaal en veral in Pretoria gevestig sodat daar teen Maart ..... admiration, for they have the additional anxiety to bear in knowing that ...

  8. Voedingsnavorsing met die weidende dier

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    van veral beeste (Bisschop, 1964; Niemann, Lombard & Van. Schalkwyk, 1963). In teenstelling met die relatiewe groot hoeveelheid inligting oor die chemiese samestelling van natuurlike weidings, is daar betreklik min bekend oor die verteerbaarheid en vrywillige in- name daarvan deur herkouers. 'n Skerp daling in die ...

  9. Narratiwiteit en die Ou Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INLEIDING. Die literêre benadering tot die Ou-Testamentiese narratiewe word algemeen as 'n alternatiewe paradigma in die Bybelwetenskappe aanvaar. Oor die filosofiese uit- gangspunte wat hierdie nuwe paradigma ten grondslag lê, bestaan daar egter nog weinig eenstemmigheid. Heelwat probleme van filosofiese en ...

  10. Oor die verhouding tussen woordeboekstrukture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.B. Ruthven

    Rufus H. Gouws, Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands, Universiteit van. Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, Republiek van Suid-Afrika (rhg@sun.ac.za). Opsomming: Navorsing op die gebied van die metaleksikografie het oor die laaste paar dekades 'n betekenisvolle fokusverbreding ondergaan. Die aanvanklike fokus was veral ...

  11. Wêreldgebeure gedurende die jaar 1954.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. du Toit

    1954-03-01

    Full Text Available Die jaar 1954 het begin sonder Stalin, die magtigste diktator van die modeme tyd, en dit wa s nog onseker hoe die nuwe regime sou optree.Teen die einde van die ja a r weet ons nou dat hulle oënskynlik meer toeskietlik is maar in wese nog net so geheimsinnig en nog net so geslepe. Die Petrof-gesjriedenis in Australië het weereens laat blyk dat daar oordie hele aarde ’n netwerk van spioene is.

  12. DIE KERKLIKE TUG * Die tug en die handhawing daarvan is n saak ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Waar eersgenoemde deur kerklike amps draers bedien word, daar word laasgenoemde deur die wêreldlike ower- heid bedien/) Die ampsdraers wat Christus aan sy gemeente gee^) beoefen die kerklike tug met geestelike wapens van oortuiging, verma ning, berisping, sensuur en ban/) Die wêreldlike owerheid daarenteen.

  13. Die uitbouing van die Bybelse kanon in antieke Judaïsme en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Jul 2015 ... Vergelyk Eusebius, 'n anti-Marcionitiese skrywer wat in 192/3 n.C. werk; Historia. Ecclesiasfica V 17, 2. verder gestimuleer is. Talle nuwe geskrifte het die lig gesien waaroor die kerk besluite moes neem en waarteen die kerk afgrensings moes doen. Vroeë omlyning van die versameling van boeke.

  14. Matteus se eskatologie as die koninkryk van die hemel wat reeds ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    die sosioloog Pierre Bourdieu (1963:55-72): “Die tydsverloop waaruit die hede bestaan, is die geheel van 'n aksie gesien in die eenheid van 'n persepsie wat beide die verlede wat onthou word en die verwagte toekoms insluit. Die 'hede' van 'n aksie omvat, buiten die waargenome hede, 'n horison van die verlede en van ...

  15. Calvyn en die Calvinisme

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gutenberg. BARR, J 1962. Biblical words for our time. London: SCM. BARR, J 1977. Fundamentalism. London: SCM. BIJLSMA, R 1959. Schriftuurlijk Schriftgezag. Nijkerk: Callenbach. BOTHA, SJ 1973. Die volkskerk. Pretoria: HAUM. BOYER, L 1963. The Spirit and forms of Protestantism. London: Fontana Library (Collins).

  16. Die Kosmologie der Griechen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittelstraß, J.

    Contents: 1. Mythische Eier. 2. Thales-Welten. 3. "Alles ist voller Götter". 4. Griechische Astronomie. 5. "Rettung der Phänomene". 6. Aristotelische Kosmololgie. 7. Aristoteles-Welt und Platon-Welt. 8. Noch einmal: die Göttlichkeit der Welt. 9. Griechischer Idealismus.

  17. Biografie in die pryslied

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hond

    7 Apr 2007 ... From this analysis it becomes clear to what extent Krog applies the conventions and means of the traditional Xhosa praise poem in her poem. .... met poetryof oral poetry. Dit is egter moeilik om die term “pryslied” ..... Really, the honey-bird is never without plans. 41. I wonder what the students of this nations ...

  18. Die skool en die onderwyser as faktore in die geestesgesondheid van die kind*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Schutte

    1961-03-01

    Full Text Available Ons hou geestesgesondheidsweke, stig beroepsentrums, samel geld in om mense wat geestelik siek is te genees, klae oor die tekort aan psigiaters, kliniese sielkundiges, bedryfsielkundiges, voorligters, skoolpsigoloë,ens. ’n Karige kwarteeu gelede het ons aan al hierdie dinge slegs akademiese aandag gewy. In hierdie kursus wordverskeie tipes kinders bespreek en geleer hoe om hulle probleme te benader.

  19. Die Kunst des Scheiterns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    Menschen haben von Kindesbeinen an das Verlangen, Erfolge zu erzielen und Kompetenz zu erreichen. Computerspieler entscheiden sich jedoch fortlaufend für eine Aktivität, die oft und wiederholt zum Verlieren führen muss und ein taubes Gefühl der Unfähigkeit erzeugt. Im Kino, im Theatersaal und bei...

  20. In enige vleisproduksieondememing is die maksimum hoeveelheid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die M. biceps femoris van die boud en flexor· en extensor-spiere van die voorbeen is ook uit die linkersy gedissekteer, fisies ontvet en geweeg (Butter· field, 1963) om sodoende die totale spiermassa van die karkas te bereken. Die radius ulna· en metacarpalbene van die linkervoorbeen is ook skoon geskraap en geweeg.

  1. Modelle in die onderrig van fisika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. A. Smit

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Die rol van modelle in die onderrig van fisika is sedert die vroeë tagtigerjare erken. In die onderrig word die absent op die kwantitaiewe aspekte van die vak geplaas, terwyl die kwatitatiewe aspekte min aandag kry.

  2. DIE SAGD - SY ONTSTAAN EN ONTWIKKELING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Okt 1977 ... stelling van 'n higiene afdeling het in 'n belang- rike behoefte voorsien. Die pligte van die SAGO het dus op hierdie stadium die ondersoek van soldate, die sanita- sie van kampe, die verpleging van pasiente in militere hospitale en die opleiding van lede be- hels. 'n Hoogtepunt was die opening van die.

  3. Die skeppingsmites as simbole van psigiese prosesse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dig aangedui met 'n tekening van die Uroboros, die slang wat sy eie stert eet. Die antieke kaart word verder versier met tekeninge van diere, monsters en demoniese figure. Vier koppe met monde wat die wind uit die vier windrigtings blaas, word in die hoeke van die kaart geteken. Die Uroboros, diere, monsters en demone ...

  4. The neurobiology of attachment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Insel, T R; Young, L J

    2001-02-01

    It is difficult to think of any behavioural process that is more intrinsically important to us than attachment. Feeding, sleeping and locomotion are all necessary for survival, but humans are, as Baruch Spinoza famously noted, "a social animal" and it is our social attachments that we live for. Over the past decade, studies in a range of vertebrates, including humans, have begun to address the neural basis of attachment at a molecular, cellular and systems level. This review describes some of the important insights from this work.

  5. Adult attachment and anxiety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sara Kerstine Kaya; Lønfeldt, Nicole Nadine; Wolitzky-Taylor, Kate

    2017-01-01

    Although there is substantial evidence for the role of emotion regulation in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders, knowledge about what contributes to emotion dysregulation is sparse. Attachment style is related to emotion regulation and anxiety symptoms, but these variables have...... rarely been examined together. Examining emotion dysregulation within the context of anxiety disorders through an attachment theory framework will lead to a better understanding of the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. In the present study we combined theoretically and empirically derived...... knowledge to examine the mediating role of emotion regulation between attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and anxiety symptoms....

  6. Development of highly efficient large-area a-Si PV module. Final report; Entwicklung hocheffizienter grossflaechiger a-Si-Photovoltaikmodule. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruebel, H.; Frammelsberger, W.; Lechner, P.; Geyer, R.; Schade, H.; Psyk, W.

    1998-06-01

    This project was focused on the development of stable PV modules based on a-Si, and on the process transfer from a laboratory scale to a large-area production level. Central to these efforts is the economic relevance that requires reasonable module efficiencies obtained with high throughput and yield. Our modules contain p-i-n/p-i-n (a-Si/a-Si) cell structures that are based on deposition procedures developed at ISI, i.e. low-temperature deposition and high hydrogen dilution for the top cell, and microdoping between the p-layer and the buffer layer for the cottom cell. The maximum stabilized (1800 h) module efficiency obtained by production-relevant processes is 6.5% for the aperture area of 5445 cm{sup 2}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Arbeiten im Rahmen des Projekts konzentrierten sich auf die Entwicklung moeglicht stabiler a-Si-PV-Module und auf die Umsetzung vorhandener Labortechniken in einen industriellen Fertigungsmassstab. Mitbestimmend fuer die Entwicklungsarbeiten war die kommerzielle Relevanz, die brauchbare Modulleistungen verknuepft mit hohem Durchsatz bei hoher Ausbeute. Die Basis fuer unsere jetzige Zellstruktur im Modul sind die a-Si/a-Si-(p-i-n/p-i-n)-Technologie und die Technologiekonzepte des ISI (Tieftemperaturabscheidung bei hoher H-Verduennung fuer die Topzelle sowie Feindotierung des Uebergangs von der p-Schicht in den Puffer hinein fuer die Bottomzelle). Das beste mit einem fertigungsrelevanten Prozess hergestellte Modul erreicht nach 1800 h Lichtalterung einen stabilisierten Aperturwirkungsgrad von 6.5%. (orig.)

  7. enkele aantekeninge by die debat oor die uitleg van die dordtse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    tussen Ds. Murray en Ds. Kotzé van Darling oor die uitleg van die Dordtse. Leerreëls gevoer is, 'n ander mening ... zijn zal, die het wapen ter verdediging van het leerstuk der Praedesti- natie gelijk het door de Dordsche .... In plaas daarvan om die pennestryd op die voet te volg, wil ek sowel. Ds. Kotzé as Ds. Murray se ...

  8. T.T. Cloete en die omdigting van die Psalms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Venter

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Sedert 1989 is T.T. Cloete saam met ander digters werksaam aan die omdigting van die Psalms - ’n taak wat, soos hy self sê, ’n nuwe dimensie in sy lewe ingedra het, maar ook ’n taak wat buitengewone eise stel: eksegeties en hermeneuties moet die Skrifgegewe in die omdigting met omsigtigheid vertolk word, die struktuurpatrone van die grondtaal moet nie onnodig versteur word nie en die eindproduk moet musikologies en harmonies aanvaarbaar op die oor val. In hierdie opsig is die bestaande Geneefse melodie soms ’n verdere dwangmeester wat die verslengte en die strofebou bepaal. Waar ook die melodie in berekening gebring moet word, moet hierdie ‘ruimte’ sinvol ‘ingevul’ word met Skrifgetroue inhoud. En wat poëties, semanties en taalkundig ‘normaal’ is, is nie altyd singbaar nie - die omdigtings moet uiteindelik in aldagtaal gesing word. Woorde, betekenisnuanses, verse en lettergrepe moet dus letterlik en figuurlik geweeg en getel word.

  9. Aggression And Attachment Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prem Verma

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:The aim of the present study is to examine the factors related aggression in Iranian and Indian school children. Method: Attachment security (dependency, availability, and total considered as the variable. The KSS questionnaire was administrated students in the 5th grade; 300 were Iranian and 300 were Indian consisted of 150 boys and 150 girls. Results: Attachment security demonstrated significant negative correlations with aggression in the boys, girls and the total Iranian sample. The dependency on mothers was the only case with insignificant correlation.In the Indian sample, attachment security was also found to be significantly negatively correlated with aggression. The only exception was the correlation between mother's availability and aggression in girls, which was not significant Conclusion: It is important that parents treat their children in a tender, manner so that a secure attachment develop between them.

  10. Die Calvinistiese Sondagbeskouing met spesiale verwysing na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    omver te werp. Aan die ander kant het die orde en vrede in die kerk dit wel ook nodig gemaak om 'n dag vir gebruik van die diens van die Here af te sonder. Calvyn se insigte in verband met die oorgang van die Sabbat na die Sondag, is die insigte wat as die eg reformatoriese behoue gebly het. Haitjema (1961:249) sê in.

  11. Attachment and internet addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Dolejšová, Aneta

    2014-01-01

    My bachelor thesis is concerned with attachment and internet addiction. Therefore it attempts to establish correlation between these two terms through four research questions. These questions focus on presence of both the attachment types and scores for dimension of avoidance and anxiety in terms of extent gravity of internet addiction either by respondents at risk of potential addiction problems or by respondents already showing some symptoms of addiction. Theoretical part deals with definit...

  12. Die historiese betroubaarheid van die aartsvadervertellinge. 'n Beknopte bespreking van die huidige debat na aanleiding van die jongste publikasie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Vosloo

    1982-08-01

    Full Text Available Die afgelope twintig jaar was daar �n toenemende belangstelling in die aartsvadervertellinge in Genesis. Benewens die talle tydskrifartikels het skrywers soos die volgende ook boeke oor die onderwerp die lig laat sien: A. Parrot (1962, W. M. Clark (1964, R. Kilian (1966, R. E. Clements (1967, N. Lohfink (1967, H. Weidemann (1968, R. Martin-Achard (1969, T. L. Thompson (1974, J. van Seters (1975, J. P. Fokkelman (1975, C. Westermann (1976, R. Rendtorff (1977, J. Bright (1977, W. McKane (1979 en A. R. Millard en D. J. Wiseman (1980.

  13. Die taalkommissie van die Suid-Afrikaanse akademie vir wetenskap ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die Taalkommissie van die Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns. Afrikaanse Woordelys en Spelreëls. Negende, verbeterde en omvattend herbewerkte uitgave. 2002, 592 pp. ISBN 1 86890 034 7. Kaapstad: Pharos Woordeboeke. Prijs: R170.

  14. Bismarck, Prim, die Sigmaringer Hohenzollern und die spanische Thronfrage

    OpenAIRE

    Becker, Josef

    1982-01-01

    Bismarck, Prim, die Sigmaringer Hohenzollern und die spanische Thronfrage : zum Fund von "Bismarcks Instruktionsbrief für Bucher" vom 25. Juni 1870 in d. "Real Acad. de la Historia", Madrid. - In: Francia. 9. 1981 (1982). S. 435-472

  15. Modeling the Mechanical Performance of Die Casting Dies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller

    2004-02-27

    The following report covers work performed at Ohio State on modeling the mechanical performance of dies. The focus of the project was development and particularly verification of finite element techniques used to model and predict displacements and stresses in die casting dies. The work entails a major case study performed with and industrial partner on a production die and laboratory experiments performed at Ohio State.

  16. Die landsbelofte en grondbesit: Enkele perspektiewe op die boek ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hulle begeer 'n stuk grond en vat dit, huise, en lê beslag daarop. Hulle kul 'n man uit sy huis uit,. 'n mens uit sy besitting uit. (Miga 2:1-2). Miga protesteer teen die wyse waarop die leiers die mense uitbuit deur hulle grond en eiendom van hulle af te vat. Die vraag mag onstaan waarom dit as uitbuiting gesien is en daarom ...

  17. Dying for Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Buchan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available If political statements and media coverage are any guide, it seems Australians today are dying for security. At no other moment in our history has the spectre of war and terrorism so haunted popular, political and scholarly perceptions of Australia’s colonial past and of its geopolitical future. And yet, debates over colonial war or genocide and contemporary terrorism have been conducted in more or less complete isolation. In this article I argue that our contemporary obsession with ‘security’ is premised on the perennial threat of ‘insecurity’. This is the problem of in/security, and it has played a central role in the development of Western political thought. More importantly, its formulation in Western political thought provided a powerful justification for the violence of the early decades of Australia’s colonisation during which Indigenous Australians could also be said to have been dying for security.

  18. Film Presentation: Die Urknallmaschine

    CERN Multimedia

    Carolyn Lee

    2010-01-01

    Die Urknallmaschine, an Austrian film by Gerd Baldauf, narrated by Norbert Frischauf (Alpha Österreich - ORF, 2009).  In CERN’s gigantic complex particles are accelerated to almost the speed of light, brought to collision and made to divide into even smaller particles. Public opinion of CERN’s research is also divided. Sceptics fear that black holes may be created. Might the goal to study the origin of the world lead to its destruction? The Austrian researcher Norbert Frischauf worked at CERN for many years. With his guidance it is possible to explore the world’s largest research centre, get a glimpse of the fascinating work the scientists do there and take a crash course in particle physics. Die Urknallmaschine will be presented on Friday, 25 June from 13:00 to 14:00 in the Main Auditorium. Language: German

  19. Die waarde en uitdagings van diensleer vir tolkopleiding: die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Studente behoort op so ʼn wyse na te dink oor die diensleeraktiwiteit dat hulle verdere begrip van en groter waardering vir die dissipline kry, sowel as ʼn verhoogde bewustheid van persoonlike eiewaarde en verantwoordelikheid teenoor die burgerlike samelewing ontwikkel (Bringle en Hatcher 1995:12). Teen hierdie ...

  20. voorveronderstellings in die hantering van die verhouding tussen ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vgl. Bright 1967:184-196; Van Zyl. 1970; Baker 1976; Gese 1977; Odendaal 1979; Hasel 1987:145-169;. Snyman 1988b), moet die implikasies van die stelling uitgespel word: Ou en Nuwe Testament is gelykelik deel van die Christelike kanon.

  1. besonderhede aangaande in aantal geboue op die terrein van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'n Offisiersgebou. bestaande uit wonings vir die kommandant. die administrateur,. 4 getroude Iuitenante, 4 ongetroude luitenante, badka- mers, e.d.m.. 3 g. Vir die Afdeling Veldtelegrafie 'n klaskamer, 'n magasyn, 'n slaapsaaI vir 15 manskappe, 2 badkamers, e.d.m.. Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies ...

  2. Godsdiens en die pasient - hoe sien die algemene praktisyn dit?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    like gevalle van die volgende altematiewe geneeskundige rigtings gebruik maak: geloofsgenesing (5); akupunktuur. (6); en hipnose (5). Sewe (23%) het in die verlede pasieme na die volgende altematiewe geneeskundige rigtings verwys: geloofsgenesing (1); akupunkruur (7); hipnose (3) en toordokters (1), waarvan almal ...

  3. ruimtelike beplanning: die rol van die stads. en streeksbeplanner in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hoedanighede, uiteindelik begrip toon vir die behoeftes van die SAW in daardie Staatsdeparte- mente, Plaaslike Besture of private praktyke waar hulle uiteindelik werk na voltooiing van hulle dienspligtydperk. Verder bring dit mee dat die. SAW se behoeftes in ag geneem word op hoe vlakke soos in beplanningsaksies in ...

  4. Demistifikasie van die metafoor “die kerk as bruid”

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    5 Sep 2007 ... Met die sluiting van die verbond met Israel het Jahwe Israel uitverkies en met Israel. “getrou”. Daarom kan die ..... that aspect which figured most prominently in ancient schemes of sexual classification and moral ..... to their husbands in patriarchal society are analogous to the demands of a jealous God, but ...

  5. 'n Verkenning van die soorte vennootskappe in die Amerikaanse reg ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In die Amerikaanse literatuur word talle verwysings gevind na die vennootskap in mynbou ("mining partnership"), familievennootskap ("family partnership", vennootskap in vaste eiendom ("partnership in real estate") en vennootskap vir boerdery ("farming partnership"). Hierdie onderskeiding is primer gebaseer op die tipe ...

  6. Die Leben Einsteins eine Reise durch die Geschichte der Physik

    CERN Document Server

    Fiami

    2005-01-01

    Jeder kennt die Namen Einstein, Newton oder Galilei. aber was weiss man über sie? Hier ein Porträt Einsteins anhand von sechs Meilensteinen aus der Geschichte der Physik. Einstein tritt auf als Protagonist in verschiedenen Epochen und bei verschiedenen Entdeckungen, die die Welt verändert haben.

  7. Die 'postmoderne' stempel in die Nuwe-Testamentiese hermeneutiek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    georiënteerde teorie en kritiek wat volgens Moore opbou tot 'n herhaling binne. Bybelnavorsing. Dit het reeds by Immanuel Kant begin. Sedert Kant is dit proble- maties cm die objek van kennis te beskou as iets wat kennis objektief in sigself bevat. Objektiwisme is prys gegee. Dialektiek het in die plek daarvan gekom. Die.

  8. DIE PLEK VAN SANG EN MUSIEK IN DIE PROTESTANTSE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    4 vers 21 „die vader van almal wat op die siters en fluite speel” genoem. Eintlik is al hierdie oeroue gedeeltes ... en trou; en die liedere skik hulle na hierdie vorme en hierdie inhoud. Dit is veral by hierdie liedere dat ons ..... Van der Leeuw slegs 'n bladsy ver der; „Terstond na zijn binnenkomst spreekt de Dienaar het Votum .

  9. n opinie oor die behaviouristiese siening versus die fenomenologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    verband die eksperimente van Pavlov, Thorndike,. Skinner, Tolmann en Hull.) Fenomenologie. Die fenomenologie is 'n essensie-openbarende denkrigting. Dit impliseer'n denkende soektog na dit wat 'n besondere verskynsel of werklikheid maak juis dit wat dit is en nie iets anders nie. In die fenomenologiese antropologie ...

  10. Die ontmaskering van die bose: Eksegetiese perspektiewe op ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    7, 11, 17,. 29; 3:1, 13, 22). ..... Bauckham (1993:197-8) oor Johannes se oorname van die geboorte van Apollo en sy oorwinning oor ... die veelkantige aard van sy agonistiese teks, maar die gewelddadige Apollo mite illustreer ook in watter ...

  11. duele verse sowel as die somtotaal die leser

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    27 Jan 2006 ... selfs 'n landkaart afgedruk) terwyl dit ter- selfdertyd ver bo die lokale uitstyg. Die digter is sterk bewus van sy omgewing, geskiedenis en tradisies, maar veral van die algemene menslike kondisie wat binne hierdie referensiekader vergestalt word. Hy gebruik 'n bekende historiese slagveld as bundeltitel (en ...

  12. Die adversatiewe stelsel van bewyslewering en die beste belang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    DIE ADVERSATIEWE STELSEL VAN BEWYSLEWERING EN DIE BESTE. BELANG VAN DIE KIND IN EGSKEIDINGSAANGELEENTHEDE: ENKELE. GEDAGTES OOR COLLABORATIVE LAW TER BESLEGTING VAN. OUERLIKE GESKILLE http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/pelj.v18i5.09. 2015 VOLUME 18 No 5. eISSN 1727-3781 ...

  13. Die naamgewing van die dorp Pierre van Ryneveld (Van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    breiding herinner die benamings Mustang-. /aan, A/timeterweg en Kompasweg aan die. SALM. Aanlekeninge. 1. Korrespondensie te vind in DGP/A16/5/5/16/20 (SAW-argief). 2. Carel Birkby, "Sir Pierre was Air Pioneer".Sundlaan, Allimelerweg en. Kompasweg aan die SALM. Aanlekeninge. 1. Korrespondensie te vind in ...

  14. Paradigmas en progressie in die teologie: *n Perspektief op die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die boek van Thomas Kuhn, Structures of scientific revolutions, wat in Í970 verskyn het, het 'n groot impak op beide die ... Paradigms and progress in theology. HSRC Studies in Research Methodology 6. ..... van Lakatos se benadering vir die teologie en enige poging om 'n lewensvatbare navorsingsprogram (volgens ...

  15. Ruimtelike beplanning: die rol van die stads - en streeksbeplanner ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ruimtelike beplanning: die rol van die stads - en streeksbeplanner in die saw. R Erasmus. Abstract. Since 1978 regional and town planners are employed in the SADF on a permanent basis as well as in the capacity of national service men. These men are all academically qualified and as such satisfy a need that developed ...

  16. praktiese wenke vir die gebruik van omgewingsopvoeding in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dit is nogal moeilik om n Tweedetaal Afrikaans onderwyser te wees. Eerstens gebruik die leerlinge reels uit hulle moedertaal. Tweedens het sommige leerlinge probleme met die aanleer van tale en der- dens het redelik baie leerlinge politieke redes waarom hulle nie die taal wil aanleer nie. Omgewingsopvoeding is ...

  17. Swaziland die Geologie en Geografie van Swaziland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Wessels

    1965-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1943 het die eerste werklike grootskaalse kartering van die gebied 'n aanvang geneem. En van 1949 af, met die koms van die eerste stel lugfoto’s, is hierdie tempo versnel. Die basiese opname van die gebied is dan ook in 1957 voltooi. In die eerste stadiums van kartering is die klassifikasie van die verskillende rotstopes gevolg soos wat dit deur Hall en later Van Eeden gedoen is. Soos die werk gevorder het, is veranderings ingevoer om die klassifikasie aan te pas by plaaslike omstandighede, maar nie almal hiervan het die toets van die tyd deurstaan nie.

  18. Low-cycle fatigue behavior of permanent mold cast and die-cast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Xin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue failure is one of the main failure forms of Al-Si-Cu-Mg aluminum alloys. To feature their mechanical aspect of fatigue behavior, the low-cycle fatigue behavior of permanent mold cast and die-cast Al-Si-Cu-Mg alloys at room temperature was investigated. The experimental results show that both permanent mold cast and die-cast Al-Si-Cu-Mg alloys mainly exhibit cyclic strain hardening. At the same total strain amplitude, the die-cast Al-Si-Cu-Mg alloy shows higher cyclic deformation resistance and longer fatigue life than does the permanent mold cast Al-Si-Cu-Mg alloy. The relationship between both elastic and plastic strain amplitudes with reversals to failure shows a monotonic linear behavior, and can be described by the Basquin and Coffin-Manson equations, respectively.

  19. Attachment and coercive sexual behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smallbone, S W; Dadds, M R

    2000-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between childhood attachment and coercive sexual behavior. One hundred sixty-two male undergraduate students completed self-report measures of childhood maternal attachment, childhood paternal attachment, adult attachment, antisociality, aggression, and coercive sexual behavior. As predicted, insecure childhood attachment, especially insecure paternal attachment, was associated with antisociality, aggression, and coercive sexual behavior. Moreover, childhood attachment independently predicted coercive sexual behavior after antisociality and aggression were statistically controlled. The hypothesis that paternal avoidant attachment would predict coercive sexual behavior independently of its relationship with aggression and antisociality was also supported. Posthoc analysis indicated that maternal anxious attachment was associated with antisociality and that paternal avoidant attachment was associated with both antisociality and coercive sexual behavior. These results are consistent with criminological and psychological research linking adverse early family experiences with offending and lend support to an attachment-theoretical framework for understanding offending behavior in general and sexual offending behavior in particular.

  20. Precision die design by the die expansion method

    CERN Document Server

    Ibhadode, A O Akii

    2009-01-01

    This book presents a new method for the design of the precision dies used in cold-forging, extrusion and drawing processes. The method is based upon die expansion, and attempts to provide a clear-cut theoretical basis for the selection of critical die dimensions for this group of precision dies when the tolerance on product diameter (or thickness) is specified. It also presents a procedure for selecting the minimum-production-cost die from among a set of design alternatives. The mathematical content of the book is relatively simple and will present no difficulty to those who have taken basic c

  1. Die Dokter-Pasient Rolverwantskap

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    17 Aug 1974 ... en as sodanig 'n ral sped in die persoon se siektegedrag en uiteindelike patroon van hulpsoeke. SIEKEROL EN SOSIALISERING IN DIE. PASIENTROL ..... more cumulative, resulting in a more gradual social and professional maturation.' Vit die voorafgaande word dit duidelik dat Dewy se pragmatiese ...

  2. polisemie in die woordeboek - 'n

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    betrekking tot van die vernaamste kenmerke van polisemiese kategoriee, nl. hulle vae interne en eksterne grense en .... wikkeling van die kognitiewe Iinguistiek ·~o sort out and compare the diverse phenomena that have been .... Op grond hiervan kom Geeraerts 0987a: 2) dan tot die slotsom dat 'n adekwate leksikografie-.

  3. Die Abba-belewing by Jesus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Floor

    1976-05-01

    Full Text Available Ons belewe vandag woelige tye. Nie alleen in die politiek nie maar ook in die teologie. Verskillende rukwinde in die veld van die teologie het ons al geskok. Eers was daar die God-is-dood-teologie van Th. J. J. Altizer e.a. Daarna het soos ’n aandwindjie die teologie van die hoop gekom.

  4. KAAPSE PREDIKANTE VAN DIE SEWENTIENDE EN AGTIENDE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Nooit of te nimmer het dit in die gedagte van die sestiende eeuse ... Daardie magtige beweging van die sestiende eeu was vir die Kerk ..... die vreemdsoortige boek van WERNER ScHMiDT-. PRETORïA, „Z)er A^u/furanie!/ Jes Deui.sc/:tHfns am des Buren- voices" wat voor die Tweede Wereldoorlog deur die Duitse gesant-.

  5. DIE SAW SE ROL IN SWA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wei die verdediging van die landsgrense teen 'n vyand wat die orde, gesag, vrede, stabiliteit en welvaart in Suidwes-Afrika en die Republiek van. Suid-Afrika wil vernietig. Hierdie oorlog moet nie ge'lsoleerd gesien word nie, maar in perspektief geplaas word teen die agtergrond van 'n nag groter konflik, naamlik die van die ...

  6. DIE EKSISTENSIEFILOSOFIE VAN KARL JASPERS. ENKELE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Kierkegaard en Nietzsche, Max Weber en Dilthey, om maar enkeles te noem, en 5.) Jaspers se persoonlike beskouing oor die roe ping en die taak van die Filosofie, sy aanvoeling van die filosofiese problematiek en sy grondhouding teenoor die eksistensiële verbonden- hede. Die woord van Fichte, naamlik dat die Filosofie ...

  7. HISTORIESE OORSIG VAN DIE ONTSTAAN EN ONTWIKKELING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    toe Orville op die 17de Desember 120 voet in 12 sekondes gevlieg het! Met :iil~ koms van die vliegtuig het die ... 2 Die ontwikkeling vall die militere lugvaart ell die ontstaan van selfstandiRe lugmagte met besondere venvysing na ..... as General der Flieger, sy tegnici e.a. te voorskyn. Goering was deur die Minister van ...

  8. SI Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert A.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses legislation related to SI (International Systems of Units) in the United States. Indicates that although SI metric units have been officially recognized by law in the United States, U.S. Customary Units have never received a statutory basis. (JN)

  9. Fuel rod attachment system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christiansen, D.W.

    1982-01-01

    A reusable system for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod to a support member. A locking cap is secured to the fuel rod and a locking strip is fastened to the support member or vice versa. The locking cap has two opposing fingers and shaped to form a socket having a body portion. The locking strip has an extension shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion. The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip causing the extension to temporarily deflect open the fingers to engage the socket's body portion. For removal, the process is reversed. In an alternative embodiment, the cap is rigid and the strip is transversely resiliently compressible. (author)

  10. Love attitudes and attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Brenlla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Love styles described by Lee are Eros (passionate love, Ludus (game-pla- ying love, Storge (friendship love, Mania (possessive, dependent love, Pragma (logical, “shopping list” love and Agape (all-giving, selfless love. Based on those types, Hendrick and Hendrick developed a 42-ítem rating questionnaire with 7 items measuring each love style (Love Attitudes Scale. Beside, inform about frequency in love relationships and attachment style. The purpose of this study was analyze the reliability and factor structure of the Love Attitudes Scale and to investigate the association between love attitudes and the attachment style. The results (N=280 participants indicate adequate internal consistency (alfa = 0,73. The items were intercorrelated and factored. The best solution extracted six factors using varimax rotation and all six factors accounted 41% of the total variance. Secure attachment was related positively to eros. 

  11. Pain, Affect, and Attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Eduard Scheidt

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Various psychodynamic processes may underlie the development of psychogenic pain disorder such as conversion, the displacement of affect, or narcissistic defenses. However, many of the processes suggested are related to a disorder of affect regulation. The term affect regulation in psychoanalytic literature refers to phenomena which are often described by the concept of alexithymia. Empirical observations suggest that alexithymia is correlated to insecure attachment, especially an insecure dismissing representation of attachment. Psychodynamic psychotherapy in psychogenic pain disorder should focus on the reintegration of split-off affects which may provoke intensive counter-transference and which in order to be used therapeutically must be linked to attachment experiences within and outside of the therapeutic relationship.

  12. Dying with dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madan, T N

    1992-08-01

    Death is a theme of central importance in all cultures, but the manner in which it is interpreted varies from society to society. Even so, traditional cultures, including Christian, Hindu and Jain religious traditions, exhibited a positive attitude to death and did not look upon it in a dualistic framework of good vs bad, or desirable vs undesirable. Nor was pessimism the dominant mood in their thinking about death itself. A fundamental paradigm shift occurred in the West in the eighteenth century when death was desacralized and transformed into a secular event amenable to human manipulation. From those early beginnings, dying and death have been thoroughly medicalized and brought under the purview of high technology in the twentieth century. Once death is seen as a problem for professional management, the hospital displaces the home, and specialists with different kinds and degrees of expertise take over from the family. Everyday speech and the religious idiom yield place to medical jargon. The subject (an ageing, sick or dying person) becomes the object of this make-believe yet real world. As the object of others' professional control, he or she loses the freedom of self-assessment, expression and choice. Or, he or she may be expected to choose when no longer able to do so. Thus, not only freedom but dignity also is lost, and lawyers join doctors in crisis manipulation and perpetuation. Although the modern medical culture has originated in the West, it has gradually spread to all parts of the world, subjugating other kinds of medical knowledge and other attitudes to dying and death.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  13. Ladder attachment platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swygert,; Richard, W [Springfield, SC

    2012-08-28

    A ladder attachment platform is provided that includes a base for attachment to a ladder that has first and second side rails and a plurality of rungs that extend between in a lateral direction. Also included is a user platform for having a user stand thereon that is carried by the base. The user platform may be positioned with respect to the ladder so that it is not located between a first plane that extends through the first side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction and a second plane that extends through the second side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction.

  14. Sal die ‘ewolusie’ vanaf biologie na lewenswetenskappe ‘uitsterwing’ van die vakgebied voorkom?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna G. Ferreira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In hierdie artikel word die wysiging van die skoolvak van ‘biologie’ na ‘lewenswetenskappe’ bespreek, asook die gepaardgaande en verwagte implikasies van die verandering. Die vraag word gestel of die beoogde wysiging wel noemenswaardig is en of dit enigsins ‘n verskil aan die dalende belangstelling in die lewenswetenskappe op tersiêre vlak sal maak. Die wysigings in die nuwe kurrikula verhoog die relevansie van die vakinhoud vir leerders en vir die gemeenskap, maar sekere kwessies kry nie aandag nie. Voorstelle word gemaak om die kurrikulum te wysig en onderrigmetodes aan te pas om die nodige vaardighede by leerders te vestig.

  15. enkele fasette van die problematiek van die akademikus by die skryf

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Om verskeie redes het dit van die allergrootste belong geword dot 'n his- tories korrekte, wetenskaplike weerga- we van bogenoemde gebeure opge- teken moet word. Die sluier, in sommige gevalle am logiese redes toegepas, moes eenvoudig gelig word am gebeure wat die gewone man op stroot in Suid-Afrika dikwels ...

  16. enkele fasette van die problematiek van die akademikus by die skryf ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Van tyd tot tyd het die SAW amptelike verklarings ten opsigte van sekere gebeure in die "oorlog" uitge- reik. 'n Oningeligte akademikus moet daarvan kennis neem dot die ver- klaring heel dikwels om sekere spe- sifieke redes uitgereik is. So is verskeie transgrensoperasies voorafgegaan met. 'n sogenaamde propaganda.

  17. Flexible, polymer-supported, Si wire array photoelectrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spurgeon, Joshua M.; Boettcher, Shannon W.; Brunschwig, Bruce S.; Lewis, Nathan S. [California Institute of Technology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Pasadena, CA (United States); Kelzenberg, Michael D.; Atwater, Harry A. [California Institute of Technology, Division of Engineering and Applied Science, Pasadena, CA (United States)

    2010-08-10

    Arrays of oriented, crystalline Si wires are transferred into flexible, transparent polymer films. The polymer-supported Si wire arrays in liquid-junction photoelectrochemical cells yield current-potential behavior similar to the Si wires attached to the brittle growth substrate. These systems offer the potential for attaining high solar energy-conversion efficiencies using modest diffusion length, readily grown, crystalline Si in a flexible, processable form. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  18. Die hermeneutiek van gereformeerde kerkreg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries le Roux du Plooy

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Die artikel het op die belangrikheid en noodsaaklikheid van ‘n hermeneutiek vir die gereformeerde kerkreg gefokus. Die kerkregtelike dokument wat besonderlik ter sake was, is die kerkorde van die Gereformeerde kerke in Suid-Afrika, met sy besondere band met die Dordtse kerkorde van 1618 en 1619. Agtereenvolgens is aandag gegee aan die volgende aspekte soos (1 die eiesoortige aard van ‘n kerkorde as ‘n teologiese dokument en teks, in onderskeiding van regsdokumente; (2 die aard van die hermeneutiek van kerkreg; (3 enkele teorieë oor die interpretasie of uitleg van tekste, veral regstekste en (4 normatiewe vooronderstellings en reëls vir die interpretasie en verstaan van die teks en artikels van die kerkorde asook besluite van kerklike vergaderinge. Die gevolgtrekking was dat weinig indringende navorsing gedoen is oor die saak van hermeneutiek vir kerkreg, hoewel dit noodsaaklik is. Duidelike hermeneutiese reëls is gesuggereer en verduidelik, wat sou kon meehelp dat kerke en kerklike vergaderinge die artikels van die kerkorde asook besluite en reglemente wat daarop berus het, kan interpreteer en toepas. The hermeneutics of reformed church polity. The article focused on the importance and urgency of a design for reformed hermeneutics on church polity. The Church Order referred to in the article is the Church Order of the Reformed Churches in South Africa, which are closely related to the Church Order of Dordt of 1618 and 1619. The following aspects received attention namely (1  the unique character of a Church Order, in comparison to and distinguished from legal documents and statutes; (2 the character and nature of hermeneutics of church polity; (3 theories of interpretation in the common law tradition and their relevance to church polity and (4 normative presuppositions and marks for the interpretation and understanding of the text and articles of the Church Order, as well as the resolutions of church assemblies. It was found that

  19. Die verband tussen lokus van beheer en die werks prestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. L. Coetzer

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between locus of control and the work performance of black marketers in the life assurance industry. The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between locus of control and the work performance of black marketers in the life assurance industry. These constructs were selected by virtue of the lack of empirical research regarding the assumed relationship between them. The Locus of Control Scale of Schepers (1995 was used for measuring locus of control. Work performance was measured by the commission earned per month by the marketer, the number of policies generated by the marketer, as well as the percentage of lapsed policies. The relevant measurements were obtained in respect of a sample of 149 black marketing personnel. The results indicated a modest but statistically significant relationship between external locus of control and the work performance of black marketers. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om die verband tussen lokus van beheer en die werksprestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf te bepaal. Hierdie konstrukte is gekies op grond van die gebrek aan empiriese navorsing rakende die veronderstelde verband tussen genoemde konstrukte. Die Lokus van Beheer-vraelys van Schepers (1995 is in die meting van lokus van beheer gebruik. Werksprestasie is aan die hand van kommissie per maand verdien, aantal polisse gegenereer deur 'n bemarker en die persentasie vervalde polisse, gemeet. Die tersaaklike metinge is verkry ten opsigte van 'n steekproef van 149 swart bemarkers. Die resultate toon 'n klein, dog statisties beduidende verband tussen eksterne lokus van beheer en die werksprestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf.

  20. Impact of Maternal Attachment Style on Mother to Infant Attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moghaddam Hoseini V

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Maternal attachment has the potential to affect both child development and parenting. As such, mother-infant attachment has been considered an important topic in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal adult attachment style, the maternal obstetric and demographic characteristics and mother-infant attachment.Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 102 women who had referred to health centers in Mashhad in 2008 and who had inclusion criteriawere selected using stratified cluster sampling. After interview about obstetric and demographic characteristics, they were asked to complete the "Revised Adult Attachment Scale" and "Mother to Infant Attachment Inventory" for assessment of maternal attachment style and mother-infant attachment 4-5 weeks after delivery. Data were analyzed by Pearson Correlation, Kruskal-wallis and Mann-whitney statistical tests.Results: In this study, themean of mother-infant attachment was found to be 97.486.12 and the mean of secure adult attachment was higher than that of other styles (16.893.97. Although, there were negative significant relationship between maternal avoidant style and mother-infant attachment (p=0.037,r=-0/20, there were no relationship between maternal age and education, parity, type of delivery and mother-infant attachment.Conclusion: The results of this research show that maternal attachment style is one of the factors of mother -infant attachment.

  1. Quick-attach clamp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vano, A. E.

    1968-01-01

    Clamp of the slideable jaw type can be applied to moving lines such as cables or ropes. The clamp has a trigger-operated jaw that can be attached to a redrop parachute on a moving tow cable. The trigger mechanism maintains the jaws retracted in the housing until they are released for clamping.

  2. Die vangnet van die woord: forensies-linguistiese getuienis in 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Een van die redes daarvoor is waarskynlik die gepaardgaande sleurwerk verbonde aan die verwerking van die betrokke taaldata — iets wat egter deur die onlangse meteoriese vooruitgang in tegnologiese tegnieke op die agtergrond geskuif is en nuwe moontlikhede na vore laat kom het. In die lig van die kompleksiteit van ...

  3. Ursínus, die opsteller van die Heidelbergse Kategismus, Olevianus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    meerde teologie soos dit in Switserland ontstaan het. Pont (1986: 30-31) toon aan dat die leer van die verbond by die Switserse hervormers saamhang met die verskil in kerkbegrip tussen die Reformatore en die. Rooms-Katolieke Kerk. Zwingli het as eerste teoloog gewys op die verbond in sy stryd met die wederdopers.

  4. het om die Woord van God aan die gemeente te bedien. A. D. P ont ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Sizoo vertel met die vlotheid van die ervare skrywer en die ver antwoordelikheid van die wetenskaplike ... Maar in stiptelike trou aan die feitelikheid, verlaat die skrywer hom uitsluitlik op die outentieke bronne om ... de leser; in sy rykdom van gegewens en wetenskaplike betroubaarheid kan dit met vrug gelees word deur die ...

  5. Chrístologie: Die historiese Jesus en die kerugmatiese Christus by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rom 1:4; Fil 3:10; 1 Tess. 4:14). Schmithals verstaan die genesing van die seun as voorbeeld van wat die Christelike heilsgebeure beteken. In die heling van die sieke ontvang die sondaar heil. Die betekenis van die genesing is identies aan ...

  6. God attachment, mother attachment, and father attachment in early and middle adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Tick Ngee; Yow, Amanda Shixian

    2011-06-01

    The present study examined the interplay of attachment to God, attachment to mother, and attachment to father with respect to adjustment (hope, self-esteem, depression) for 130 early and 106 middle adolescents in Singapore. Results showed that the parental attachments were generally linked (in expected directions) to adjustment. God attachment, however, had unique results. At the bivariate level, God attachment was only linked to early adolescents' self-esteem. When considered together with parental attachments (including interactions), God attachment did not emerge as the key moderator in attachment interactions and yielded some unexpected results (e.g., being positively linked to depression). These results are discussed viz-a-viz the secure base and safe haven functions that God and parental attachments may play during adolescence.

  7. Die gebruik van metode in die filosofie, spesiaal in die reformatoriese tra­disie 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. T. van der Merwe

    1983-03-01

    Full Text Available Die onderw erp van my voordrag, Die gebruik van metode in die fílosofie, verg ’n paar verduidelikende opinerkings vooraf. Ek dink u verm oed alreeds dat hierdie fomulering ’n versuikerde pil is om u in so ’n mate nuuskierig te maak dat una ’n heerlike vrye filosofiese ‘onderonsie’ gedurende die teepouse darem vir ’n tw eede sessie terugkeer. Want is dit nie twee smaaklike heuningdruppels nie: filosofie en sy metode’ en ‘metode in die Reformatoriese filosofiese tradisie'?! Veral as in gedagte gehou word dat in teenstelling met wat ’n mens sou verw ag, daaroor dié onderwerp as sodanig relatief maar heel weinig geskrywe is en word, selfs as die ‘Inleidings in die Metodologie’ daarby gereken word.

  8. Die invloed van herbivorie en vuur op die oorlewing van sekere meerjarige kruide langs die Sabierivier, Kruger Nasionale Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Myburgh

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Die groot vloede wat in die jaar 2000 in die Kruger Nasionale Park plaasgevind het, het dierivieroewerplantegroei versteur. Dit het die geleentheid gebied om heinings op te rig langsdie Sabierivier om herbivore uit sekere gebiede uit te sluit en sodoende die herstel van die rivieroewerekosisteme te monitor.

  9. Die heelal en sy onstaan (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. Van Rooy

    1952-03-01

    Full Text Available Ons kennis en wetenskap van die hemelliggame word volkome bepaal deur die lig wat ons van hulle ontvang, d.w.s. as ons die feite wat die Bybel daaromtrent meedeel, buite rekening laat.

  10. Accurate defect die placement and nuisance defect reduction for reticle die-to-die inspections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Vincent; Huang, L. R.; Lin, C. J.; Tseng, Y. N.; Huang, W. H.; Tuo, Laurent C.; Wylie, Mark; Chen, Ellison; Wang, Elvik; Glasser, Joshua; Kelkar, Amrish; Wu, David

    2015-10-01

    Die-to-die reticle inspections are among the simplest and most sensitive reticle inspections because of the use of an identical-design neighboring-die for the reference image. However, this inspection mode can have two key disadvantages: (1) The location of the defect is indeterminate because it is unclear to the inspector whether the test or reference image is defective; and (2) nuisance and false defects from mask manufacturing noise and tool optical variation can limit the usable sensitivity. The use of a new sequencing approach for a die-to-die inspection can resolve these issues without any additional scan time, without sacrifice in sensitivity requirement, and with a manageable increase in computation load. In this paper we explore another approach for die-to-die inspections using a new method of defect processing and sequencing. Utilizing die-to-die double arbitration during defect detection has been proven through extensive testing to generate accurate placement of the defect in the correct die to ensure efficient defect disposition at the AIMS step. The use of this method maintained the required inspection sensitivity for mask quality as verified with programmed-defectmask qualification and then further validated with production masks comparing the current inspection approach to the new method. Furthermore, this approach can significantly reduce the total number of defects that need to be reviewed by essentially eliminating the nuisance and false defects that can result from a die-to-die inspection. This "double-win" will significantly reduce the effort in classifying a die-to-die inspection result and will lead to improved cycle times.

  11. Die pastorale sielkundige as diakonale pastor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Smuts

    1985-08-01

    Full Text Available In die bedieningspatroon van die Ned. Geref. Kerk het die pastorale sielkundige die afgelope aantal jare steeds meer op die voorgrond begin tree. Hy is egter 'n problematiese figuur, wie se identiteit van meer as een kant onder bespreking is. In ander lande, selfs in die VSA waar die kerk veel gebruik maak van die sielkunde, is dit moeilik om 'n presiese parallel vir hom te vind. Sowel binne as buite die kerk word hy deur sommige bevraagteken. Daarom is dit noodsaaklik om vanuit die teologie te kyk na die werk wat hy doen.

  12. HISTORIESE OORSIG VAN DIE ONTSTAAN EN ONTWIKKELING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In 1933 belas Rykskanselier. Hitler vir. Goering, Minister van Lugvaart, in die geheim met die skepping van die Luftwaffe. Die basis in Rusland is gesluit en toekomstige vlieeniers is nou in die geheim na Italie waar hulle elke aspek van moderne oorlog- voering oefen en die Blitzkrieg-gedagte, deur op ondersteuning van 'n.

  13. die reproduksiepatroon van vyf skaaprasse onder ekstensiewe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    terwyl Terrill & Stoehr (1939) vyf jaar oud en Asdell. (1946) ses jaar oud as die ouderdomme vir optimale vrug- baarheid beraam. Hugo (1955) vind dat geslagsaktiwiteit by Merino ooie teen die vyfde jaar die hoogste is, terwyl die teelseisoen die langste geduur het by 41/2 jaar oud ooie. By die Karakoel vind Nel (1950) dat ...

  14. Tendense in teologiese opieiding: Die pad vorentoe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    daarom ook die hoop wat hy aan die wêreld kan voorhou, by die dood verby reik nie. 'n Kerk sonder ewigheidsverwagting het aan 'n wêreld in nood niLs te bied nie as net die brood wat die ewige honger laat bly. Inheemswording van kerk en teologie beteken dan ook nie versoening tussen die Bybelse openbaring en ...

  15. EUNUG IN DIE ANTIEKE NABYE OOSTE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rang. In Assiries beteken die woord “hoof-eunug”. Soos reeds vermeld (by 2), vorm die eunug 'n belangrike deel van die Assiriese burokrasie. Dokumente dui aan ... rang in die Babiloniese weermag, en so 'n amptenaar het saam met die rabsag ..... baie laat, in die inter-testamentêre periode, gebruik is vir 'n gekastreerde.

  16. Neurokognitiewe integrasie en die leerproses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Preez, Johan J.

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article, "Neuro-cognitive integration and the learning process'; is to find principles and strategies for the development of brain potential and the optimal integration of subject matter. Eight neuro-cognitive systems are identified and their importance to the integration of subject matter is emphasized. These systems are cortical energy, coding, planning and controlling, as well as the verbal sequential, non-verbal holistic, physical-motor, social effective and the subconscious. The relevant principles and strategies can serve as basis for mainstream and special education, guidance as well as psychotherapy. Die doe! met hierdie artikel is om beginsels en strategiee te vind om breinpotensiaal te ontsluit en leerstof optimaal te integreer. Aan die hand van 'n neurokognitiewe model word 'n aantal beginsels en strategiee bespreek en die verband met die leerproses word aangetoon. Agt neurokognitiewe sisteme is gei'dentifiseer en die belangrike rot wat dit speel ten opsigte van die integrasie van leerstof word beklemtoon. Genoemde sisteme sluit die volgende in: kortikale energie, kodering, beplanning en kontrolering, asook die verbaal-sekwensiele, nieverbaal-holistiese, fisiek-motoriese, sosio-affektiewe en die subbewuste. Genoemde beginsels en strategiee kan oak dien as grondslag vir hoofstroomonderwys, spesialiseringsonderwys, voorligting sowel as psigoterapie.

  17. Workspace appropriation and attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. PAVALACHE-ILIE

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This literature synthesis presents a short history of the evolution of the concepts of space appropriation and place attachment, highlighting the difficulty of their operationalisation from a cultural point of view. The next subject brought into discussion is the relation between the affective dimension of the connection between a person and the work place and the behaviours which are prone to insure the proper functioning of organizations, such as the organizational civism and the organizational commitment.

  18. Die konteks vir die keuse van geriefsvoedsel van bepaalde ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seugnet

    also helps to give meaning to the behaviour of peo- ple. The choice of an ecological framework as an ... The spendable income of the household is a product of the economy. The more price sensitive 'Baby ... ISSN 0378-5254 Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences, Vol 32, 2004. Die konteks vir die keuse van ...

  19. die ontstaan en ontwikkeling van die stafafdeling hoof van staf ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Jan 1981 ... geskei, hoewel die posbekleer nog vir meer as 'n jaar dieselfde persoon sou bly. Eers op 14 Ok- tober 1919 het Collyer opgehou om as AG te fungeer. Op 1 November 1919 is 'n afsonderlike posbekleer as AG aangestel toe It-kol W.E.C.. Tanner AG geword het. In wese het dit daarop neergekom dat die AG ...

  20. Die totstandkoming en bedrywighede van die ASAF-koor in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Komposisies soos Elia van Mendelssohn, die Requiems van Mozart en Verdi, Beethoven se Negende Simfonie, Bach se Mattheuspassie en Händel se Messias was deel van hulle repertorium. Koorsang is ook deur Keet in ander sentrums aan die Witwatersrand aangemoedig. Danie van den Heever het Keet in 1963 as ...

  1. Die idioom van die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk - 'n Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The idiom of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk - A theological question. This article focuses on the theological thinking in the. Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk. The way in which the ... theology, namely the knowledge of God and the service ..... Die Hervormde tradisie in ons land neem ai lank 'n 'derde opsie' in: aan die een ...

  2. \\'n Algoritme vir die minimum van die konkawe knapsakprobleem ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    \\'n Algoritme vir die minimum van die konkawe knapsakprobleem. G Venter, JS Wolvaardt. Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of resource allocation among activities where the cost of each is described by a concave function. There is a single linear constraint (limited resource) and each activity has an upper and ...

  3. Die museum se rol in die aankweek van 'n omgewingsbewustheid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die museum se rol in die aankweek van 'n omgewingsbewustheid. Martie van der Merwe. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 ...

  4. die museum se rolin die aankweek van 'n omgewingsbewustheid

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DIE MUSEUM SE ROLIN DIE AANKWEEK VAN 'N. OMGEWINGSBEWUSTHEID. Martie van der Merwe. THE ROLE OF MUSEUMS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS. The aim of this paper is to stress the importance and urgency of educating about the environment in the South African context.

  5. Die vlugtige taal van vergeet: Die metafoor by Breyten Breytenbach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    From his first book of poetry, die ysterkoei moet sweet (“the iron cow must sweat”, 1964), till his most recent one, die windvanger (“the windcatcher”, 2007), metaphor has been a central means towards the creation of meaning for Breytenbach. This article will investigate the use of metaphor particularly in this recent book.

  6. Die konteks vir die keuse van geriefsvoedsel van bepaalde ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seugnet

    70. Die konteks vir die keuse van geriefsvoedsel van bepaalde beroepsvroue *. Martha Kok en Priscilla Botha. ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research is to understand and describe the context in which career women choose, purchase and use convenience food (CF). A person is rarely isolated from or unaffected by.

  7. Die WAT en etimologie: Word die kringloop voltooi?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract: The WAT and etymology: Will the cycle be completed? Afrikaans historical lexicography is a neglected discipline and to a large extent metalexicographers hold the overall-descriptive Afrikaans dictionary, Die Woordeboek van die Ajri1cJumse Taal, responsible for this state of affairs. The WAT, however, describes ...

  8. Die invloed van bytsodabehandelde ruvoer op die waterinname van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die invloed van bytsodabehandelde ruvoer op die waterinname van melkbokke. P.I. Wilke, A Smith, E Janovsky. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers ...

  9. Bullinger en die verbond na aanleiding van die Tweede Switserse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    novum testamentum zusammengefast und durch seinen Tod vol- lendet oder ratifiziert hat ... Die botschaft der Evangelien ist es gerade, Christum leseum aliud nihil esse quam aetemi foederis aeternum obsidem atque misericordiae et veritatis Dei testem'. (Koch 1968: 399). Hiermee het duidelik geword dat Bullinger die ...

  10. Numerical optimization of die geometry in open die forging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Peter; Hattel, Jesper Henri; Bay, Niels

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with numerical optimization of open die forging of large metallic ingots made by casting implying risk of defects, e.g. central pores. Different material hardening properties and die geometries are combined in order to investigate, which geometry gives rise to maximum closure...... of a centreline hole in a single compression operation. Friction is also taken into account. The numerical analysis indicates that a lower die angle of approximately 140o results in the largest centreline hole closure for a wide range of material hardening. The value of optimum die angle is not influenced...... by friction, which was found only to change the degree of centreline porosity closure in case of small lower die angle....

  11. SUSCEPTOBILITY TO THERMAL FATIGUE OF CLOSED DIE HOT FORGING DIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico de Castro Magalhães

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Hot forging dies providing high productive performance reduce production costs. The lifetime of the dies is expressed by the number of forgings (production cycle produced before being rejected by the presence of a failure mechanism, associated with unacceptable dimensions and or geometry of the end product or even breakage of the dies. One of the failure mechanisms of hot forging dies is thermal fatigue, caused by cyclic heating and cooling. A subroutine, based on the work of Maim and Norstrom [1], was developed for the DEFORM 2D numerical software, using the finite element method, in order to predict die regions susceptible to thermal fatigue. The use of adequate coefficients for the description of the heat transfer phenomena allowed the validation of the proposed subroutine.

  12. Statues Also Die

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Philippe Fraiture

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available “African thinking,” “African thought,” and “African philosophy.” These phrases are often used indiscriminately to refer to intellectual activities in and/or about Africa. This large field, which sits at the crossroads between analytic philosophy, continental thought, political philosophy and even linguistics is apparently limitless in its ability to submit the object “Africa” to a multiplicity of disciplinary approaches. This absence of limits has far-reaching historical origins. Indeed it needs to be understood as a legacy of the period leading to African independence and to the context in which African philosophy emerged not so much as a discipline as a point of departure to think colonial strictures and the constraints of colonial modes of thinking. That the first (self-appointed exponents of African philosophy were Westerners speaks volumes. Placide Tempels but also some of his predecessors such as Paul Radin (Primitive Man as Philosopher, 1927 and Vernon Brelsford (Primitive Philosophy, 1935 were the first scholars to envisage this extension of philosophy into the realm of the African “primitive.” The material explored in this article – Statues Also Die (Marker, Resnais, and Cloquet, Bantu Philosophy (Tempels, The Cultural Unity of Negro Africa (Cheikh Anta Diop, and It For Others (Duncan Campbell - resonates with this initial gesture but also with the ambition on part of African philosophers such as VY Mudimbe to challenge the limits of a discipline shaped by late colonialism and then subsequently recaptured by ethnophilosophers. Statues Also Die is thus used here as a text to appraise the limitations of African philosophy at an early stage.  The term “stage,” however, is purely arbitrary and the work of African philosophers has since the 1950s often been absorbed by an effort to retrieve African philosophizing practices before, or away from, the colonial matrix. This activity has gained momentum and has been

  13. SAM: The School Attachment Monitor

    OpenAIRE

    Vo, Dong-Bach; Tayarani, Mohammad; Rooksby, Maki; Huan, Rui; Vinciarelli, Alessandro; Minnis, Helen; Brewster, Stephen A.

    2017-01-01

    Secure Attachment relationships have been shown to minimise social and behavioural problems in children and boosts resilience to risks such as antisocial behaviour, heart pathologies, and suicide later in life. Attachment assessment is an expensive and time-consuming process that is not often performed. The School Attachment Monitor (SAM) automates Attachment assessment to support expert assessors. It uses doll-play activities with the dolls augmented with sensors and the child's play recorde...

  14. SAM: The School Attachment Monitor

    OpenAIRE

    Vo, Dong-Bach; Rooksby, Maki; Tayarani, Mohammad; Huan, Rui; Vinciarelli, Alessandro; Minnis, Helen; Brewster, Stephen A.

    2017-01-01

    Secure Attachment relationships have been shown to minimise social and behavioural problems in children and boosts resilience to risks later on such as antisocial behaviour, heart pathologies, and suicide. Attachment assessment is an expensive and time-consuming process that is not often performed. The School Attachment Monitor (SAM) automates Attachment assessment to support expert assessors. It uses doll-play activities with the dolls augmented with sensors and the child's play recorded wit...

  15. Die hermeneuse van die Skrif met die oog op hedendaagse kerklik-etiese vraagstukke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Coetzee

    1980-05-01

    Full Text Available Daar is basiese reëls wat vir alle verklaring van boeke geld. Maar die eie aard en karakter van die Bybel bring ook hiermee dat sy verklaring ’n eie aard sal hê. Wat ’n mens van ’n bron dink, bepaal hoe jy met die bron omgaan. Geen eksegeet is onbevooroordeeld nie. ’n Mens se Skrifbeskouing bepaal ten diepste ook jou wyse van Skrifverklaring. Wie in die Bybel ’n gewoon menslike boek sien, sal dit met gewoon menslike hulpmiddels probeer verklaar.

  16. Attachment Theory: Retrospect and Prospect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretherton, Inge

    1985-01-01

    Provides overview of attachment theory as parented by John Bowlby in "Attachment and Loss". Uses two major concepts from this work to interpret refinements and elaborations of attachment theory attibuted to Mary Ainsworth. Considers how recent insights into development of socioemotional understanding and development of event…

  17. Attachment: Theoretical Development and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Ruth

    2007-01-01

    Zeanah argues that ethological attachment theory, as outlined by John Bowlby, has provided one of the most important frameworks for understanding crucial risk and protective factors in social and emotional development. However, although attachment theory and the notion of attachment disorders have influenced such initiatives, many psychologists,…

  18. Next Steps in Attachment Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, David C

    2012-12-01

    Thanks to the phenomenal success of attachment theory, great progress has been made in understanding child and adult relationships. The success of attachment theory opens the way to new research directions that can extend its successes even further. In particular, more work on the fundamental nature of attachment that respects recent biological research is important, as is concentrated effort on the related caregiving system.

  19. Introduction: attachment theory and psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Kenneth N

    2013-11-01

    In this introduction to the JCLP: In Session 69(11) issue on attachment theory and psychotherapy, the key points of attachment theory (Bowlby, , , 1981) and its relevance to psychotherapy are briefly described. The aim of this issue is to provide case illustrations of how an attachment theory perspective and principles can expand our understanding of psychotherapy practice. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Next Steps in Attachment Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, David C.

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to the phenomenal success of attachment theory, great progress has been made in understanding child and adult relationships. The success of attachment theory opens the way to new research directions that can extend its successes even further. In particular, more work on the fundamental nature of attachment that respects recent biological research is important, as is concentrated effort on the related caregiving system.

  1. Clinical attachment: a learning experience

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-08-03

    Aug 3, 2012 ... A clinical attachment is an opportunity for doctors from South Sudan to experience the hospital and clinical practice in a setting different from their own. What they learn in the attachment will help them improve their medical practice on their return. I attended a clinical attachment in Oral and Maxillofacial ...

  2. Awareness of Dying Preface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon. PhD

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently The New York Times reported: “VERY ILL CHILDREN TOLD OF DISEASE; Leukemia Patients at N.I.H. Not Shielded From Truth. . . . A child should always be told the truth, even when he has an incurable disease such as leukemia, according to two researchers who interviewed 51 children hospitalized at the National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, for treat¬ment of leukemia.” This kind of news item reflects the growing concern among researchers and public about matters which touch on morality as much as on the technical aspects of medi¬cine. The rapidly increasing proportion of elderly people in the American population presents a range of personal and social questions; not the least is how they view their newly won longevity (often including anticipated years of chronic disease as well as their attitudes toward death. In consequence, many geriatric specialists are beginning to study American attitudes toward death, while others, spurred on by what seems a sense-less prolonging of life within hospital walls by medical tech¬nology run wild, are raising questions about death and dying in American life.

  3. Die Mythen von der Globalisierung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nell, Phillip; Schmitt, Jan; Decreton, Benoit

    2017-01-01

    Der Wissensstand über den Grad und die Art der Globalisierung ist viel niedriger als angenommen. Daraus entstehen Fehleinschätzungen.......Der Wissensstand über den Grad und die Art der Globalisierung ist viel niedriger als angenommen. Daraus entstehen Fehleinschätzungen....

  4. Die Parlamentswahlen 2008 in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reher, Stefanie; Knirsch, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Nach den Parlamentswahlen vom März 2008 in Malaysia deutet manches auf einen politischen Umbruch hin: Die regierende Barisan Nasional (BN), die sich bislang einer komfortablen Zweidrittelmehrheit von 91,4 Prozent der Sitze im Parlament des Landes erfreut hatte, rutschte auf 63,1 Prozent ab und das...

  5. In diens van die Kompanjie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was ook siektes WQl Jit onvoldoende of ondoel- treffende voeding, eentonige kos en ontoerei- kende geneesmiddels voortgespruit het, terwyl behoorlike versorging dikwels ontbreek he!. Doodsoorsake tydens die seereis het voartge- vloei uit ongelukke aan boord, beperkte ruimte vir die bemanning en geringe vars lug, ...

  6. \\VAPENTUIG VAN DIE EERSTE VRYDEIDSOORLOG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Illustrasie: F.V. Lategan: Die Boer se Roer, P 48. Die Westley. Richards-gewere wat in Suid- ...... Tesis),. Argief-jaarboek vir Suid-Afrikaanse. Geskiedenis, Negentiende. Jaargang, Deel 1, Parow, 1956. 4. Du Val, C.: With a Show through Southern Africa, London, 1884. 5. Ffoulkes, C.: Sword, Lance and Bayonet, London, ...

  7. DIE REG OP REGSVERTEENWOORDIGING TYDENS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    exclusio alterius, dat "geen regsverteenwoordiging by verrigtinge voor 'n verhooroffisier beoog word nie".20 Omdat 'n reg op regsverteenwoordiging nie uit die toepaslike statutêre bepalings. 13 Supra 238. 14 Supra 238-239. 15 Supra 255. 16 Smith v Beleggende Outoriteit van Kommandement Noord-Transvaal van die SA ...

  8. n hoofstuk in die (outo)biografie van die predikant (pastor?) 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    biografie van die dominee (pastor?), spreek om verskeie redes boekdele. Die gebruik van die onbepaalde lidwoord is eerstens 'n bevestiging dat die artikel slegs 'n verdere bydrae (hoofstuk) tot die bestaande en steeds voortgaande gesprek (boek) oor die biografie van die dominee is (Heitink 2001). Tweedens plaas ek ...

  9. Impact of Maternal Attachment Style on Mother to Infant Attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Moghaddam Hoseini

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Background and Objectives: Maternal attachment has the potential to affect both child development and parenting. As such, mother-infant attachment has been considered an important topic in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal adult attachment style, the maternal obstetric and demographic characteristics and mother-infant attachment.

     

    Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 102 women who had referred to health centers in Mashhad in 2008 and who had inclusion criteriawere selected using stratified cluster sampling. After interview about obstetric and demographic characteristics, they were asked to complete the "Revised Adult Attachment Scale" and "Mother to Infant Attachment Inventory" for assessment of maternal attachment style and mother-infant attachment 4-5 weeks after delivery. Data were analyzed by Pearson Correlation, Kruskal-wallis and Mann-whitney statistical tests.

     

    Results: In this study, themean of mother-infant attachment was found to be 97.48±6.12 and the mean of secure adult attachment was higher than that of other styles (16.89±3.97. Although, there were negative significant relationship between maternal avoidant style and mother-infant attachment (p=0.037,r=-0/20, there were no relationship between maternal age and education, parity, type of delivery and mother-infant attachment.

     

    Conclusion: The results of this research show that maternal attachment style is one of the factors of mother -infant attachment.

  10. Montessori-skole: die ander kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Viljoen

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Na aanleiding van die artikel “Die invloed van die New Age-beweging op die onderwysagenda van die toekoms” deur Lien van Niekerk en Corinne Meier van die Departement Historiese Opvoedkunde van Unisa (vgl. Koers, 59 (1 1994:69-84 wil ek graag ’n ander sy van Montessori-skole onder die aandag van Koers lesers bring.

  11. Die betekenis van die konsep land in die slot van die boek Amos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.L. Helberg

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available The meaning of the concept of land in the epilogue of the book of Amos During the exilic and post-exilic eras the concept of land underwent a shift of meaning: land also acquired the meaning of city (and temple. If the epilogue of Amos is regarded as exilic or post-exilic, as most scholars think, one can expect that city rather than land shall be emphasized in the epilogue. The opposite, however, is true. This article tries to ascertain whether the concept “land” has a different place, value or meaning in the epilogue of Amos than in the rest of the book and whether this assumption casts any light on the relation between the different parts. The conclusion arrived at implies that the term used for land in the epilogue has a broader meaning than the traditional one attached to it by Israel. The epilogue makes a breakthrough to a universal approach pictured in eschatological colours but rooted in history. A correction is made to a “Zion-theology” and emphasis is laid on the land of the promise which is linked with the (true covenantal relation with Yahweh implied in the terms “my people” and “your God”. Whether dated as pre-exilic, exilix or post-exilic, the epilogue is in harmony with the essence of the rest of the book.

  12. Protein attachment to silane-functionalized porous silicon: A comparison of electrostatic and covalent attachment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranowska, Malgorzata; Slota, Agata J; Eravuchira, Pinkie J; Alba, Maria; Formentin, Pilar; Pallarès, Josep; Ferré-Borrull, Josep; Marsal, Lluís F

    2015-08-15

    Porous silicon (pSi) is a prosperous biomaterial, biocompatible, and biodegradable. Obtaining regularly functionalized pSi surfaces is required in many biotechnology applications. Silane-PEG-NHS (triethoxysilane-polyethylene-glycol-N-hydroxysuccinimide) is useful for single-molecule studies due to its ability to attach to only one biomolecule. We investigate the functionalization of pSi with silane-PEG-NHS and compare it with two common grafting agents: APTMS (3-aminopropylotrimethoxysilane) as electrostatic linker, and APTMS modified with glutaraldehyde as covalent spacer. We show the arrangement of two proteins (collagen and bovine serum albumin) as a function of the functionalization and of the pore size. FTIR is used to demonstrate correct functionalization while fluorescence confocal microscopy reveals that silane-PEG-NHS results in a more uniform protein distribution. Reflection interference spectroscopy (RIfS) is used to estimate the attachment of linker and proteins. The results open a way to obtain homogenous chemical modified silicon supports with a great value in biosensing, drug delivery and cell biology. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Attachment is a dynamic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatka Cugmas

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the study of recent scientific literature about the development of attachment, the author answers the following questions: which are the postulates the theory of attachment has about the stability of the patterns of attachment, which level of stability in the patterns of attachment from infancy to adulthood these studies illuminate and which factors significantly influence the (instability of the patterns of attachment in time. The theory of attachment assumes that normal circumstances elicit stability. Changes, however, can be the result of important events influencing the sensitivity of the object of attachment. Agreement has not yet been reached regarding the percentage of stability in the patterns of attachment. There is more agreement regarding attachment in adulthood than that in childhood. The results depend on the size and characteristics of the subjects of the research, the measuring instruments, type of data analysis etc. The author concludes that attachment is a dynamic system influenced by significant changes in life (the cognitive development of the child, external care, parents' divorce, different stressful situations. As the influence of stressful events on the individual person' s quality of attachment is examined, it is necessary to consider also his/her temperamental characteristics, role of other people in their lives, etc.

  14. INFLUENCE OF DIE ANGLES ON THE MICROHARDNESS OF ALUMINUM ALLOY PROCESSED BY EQUAL CHANNEL ANGULAR PRESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali A Aljubouri

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available   The die geometry has a massive effect on the plastic deformation behavior during pressing of material processed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP method; subsequently the properties of the processed material are strongly dependent on it. Two categories of designed and manufactured dies are used for equal channel angular pressing, a 1200 sharp angle and a 900 round –cornered (200 dies, that produce strain per pass through both dies of ~0.7 and ~1.05   respectively. The microhardness developed in Al-Si alloy during ECAP using route BC. The microhardness increased by a factor of >1.5, after only 1 pressing. Subsequently, the hardness increases slightly up to 8 pressings through the 1200 sharp angle die, while it is increased by a factor of ~2.6 after 5 passes by using the 900 round cornered die, comparing with that for the cast workpiece.

  15. Gonococcal attachment to eukaryotic cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, J.F.; Lammel, C.J.; Draper, D.L.; Brown, D.A.; Sweet, R.L.; Brooks, G.F.

    The attachment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to eukaryotic cells grown in tissue culture was analyzed by use of light and electron microscopy and by labeling of the bacteria with (/sup 3/H)- and (/sup 14/C)adenine. Isogenic piliated and nonpiliated N. gonorrhoeae from opaque and transparent colonies were studied. The results of light microscopy studies showed that the gonococci attached to cells of human origin, including Flow 2000, HeLa 229, and HEp 2. Studies using radiolabeled gonococci gave comparable results. Piliated N. gonorrhoeae usually attached in larger numbers than nonpiliated organisms, and those from opaque colonies attached more often than isogenic variants from transparent colonies. Day-to-day variation in rate of attachment was observed. Scanning electron microscopy studies showed the gonococcal attachment to be specific for microvilli of the host cells. It is concluded that more N. gonorrhoeae from opaque colonies, as compared with isogenic variants from transparent colonies, attach to eukaryotic cells grown in tissue culture.

  16. a studyof faecal of faecal coliform die coliform die coliform die-off

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    ecommended that conditioners should be used to dewater sludge faster in order to speed-up pathogen die ... solar radiation. An understanding of the interacting characteristics of sewage sludge such as pH, pathogen die-off, temperature and moisture content is ... greenhouse which can be used to generate hot air.

  17. die impak van metodologie op die verstaan van die nuwe testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    net vanself verskyn nie, maar dat dit gekoppel is aan die metode of ... beur het nie. Dunn (1997:12) het byvoorbeeld tereg kritiek uitgespreek op die soms onnodig ingewikkelde analises van Paulus se briewe: And as for some of the elaborate structures which have been ..... kai;eij" fulakh;n kai;eij" qavn aton poreuve sqai.

  18. Attachment Theory in Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Korstanje

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The following work is intended to a revision on attachment theory. The postulates of the theory of the sure base point that the system of exploration meets in narrow relation the system of conducts of attachment and the figure of the keepers. The conducts that characterize and symbolize the relation of the adult with the environment are carried back to the early age, in the moment in which the child develops the affective capacity. What difference does exist between someone who decides to journey to England and that one that one decides to travel to Mar del Plata? How it is possible to study this topic of on a manner trustworthy? These three questions were key to begin the investigation. Nevertheless, the matter began to find certain limitations linked to the methodology that had to be in use. It is possible to use careless they on the leisure scope, a theory which still demonstrates certain inconsistencies in its own clinical application?

  19. Reformasie: John Knox, Die Skotse Calvinis*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. E. d'Assonville

    1958-03-01

    Full Text Available As ons aan John Knox, die Skotse Hervormer, dink, dan sien ons voor ons oprys die beeld van die Ou-Testamentiese profeet wat sy stem in die woestyn verhef en gekleed gaan met ’n harige mantel en ’n leergord om sy heupe. John Knox het die byl aan die wortel van elke afgodsboom gelê. Soos ’n Luther het hy in die taal van die volk gespreek en daar was by hom geen vrees om selfs in paleise die oordeel van God oor konings aan te kondig nie.

  20. GESINSPOLITIEK EN DIE OUER-KIND VERHOUDING Families can ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    en die gereformeerde geloof die funksionering van die multikulturele gemeenskap en die besluitnemingsproses in die ouer-kind verhouding, bepaal het. Sedert die dertigerjare het die Suid-Afrikaanse regstelsel 'n dualistiese of pluralistiese karakter ontwikkel. Die rede vir die ontwikkeling hiervan was die implementering.

  1. OPMERKINGS OOR DIE MOONTLIKE HERSIENING VAN ONS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    (b) Wat is die redes waarom die Kerk so'n hersiening wenslik ag, of selfs noodsaaklik? (c) Watter weg sal die Kerk as Kerk moet volg, indien daar op hersiening besluit word ? Graag wil ek baie kortliks hierdie genoemde vrae met u behandel. II. D ie E erste V raag. Die eerste vraag is dan wat die Liturgiese Geskrifte is, ...

  2. Die kliniese kindersielkundige as diagnostikus1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. W. Strümpfer

    1961-03-01

    Full Text Available Die benaming „Kliniese Kindersielkunde” is nog onbekend en gevolglik betreklik onbemind. Dit is in 1951 die eerste keer gebruik. Die werk van die Kliniese Kindersielkunde is egter so oud as die werk van die algemene Kliniese Sielkunde, waarvan die geskiedenis gewoonlik teruggevoer word tot die begin van sielkundige toetsing vroeg in die tagtigerjare. Tot ’n aansienlike mate is hierdie vroeë werk op kinders uitgevoer, bv. dié van Galton en later die van Binet en Simon. Witmer het in 1896 die eerste sielkundige kliniek geopen en het ook die term „Kliniese Sielkunde” ingevoer; die meerderheid van sy pasiënte was egter ook kinders. Tot voor die Tweede Wêreldoorlog was klinies-sielkundige werk hoofsaaklik op kinders toegespits. Sedertdien het die kliniese sielkundige tot ’n belangrike mate toegetree tot die gebied van die diagnose en terapie van psigiese afwykings by volwassenes, tot so ’n mate dat in die gedagtes en geskrifte van baie werkers die terrein van die Kliniese Sielkunde byna tot werk met volwassenes beperk word.

  3. Die ontwikkeling van 'n groeiende bevrydingsbediening: 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die gegewens dui daarop dat hierdie bediening in die meeste kerklike denominasies sowel as deur sommige medici en ander professionele verwante gesondheidsvakkundiges beoefen word. Die noodsaaklikheid daarvan om die resultaat van die ondersoek in teorievorming te benut, word aangedui. (Acta Theologica, 21 ...

  4. DIE RING In diens van onderlinge sorg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die kerk waarin die sogenaamde postmoderne Christen homself tuis sal voel, word gewys op die feit dat hulle 'n wars het aan enige vorm van hiërargie of dwang van bo (Niemandt 2008:140, 160). Verhoudings, netwerke en plat strukture is binne hierdie kerkbegrip die aangewese weg. In gereformeerde denke ís die ring ...

  5. TAALGEBRUIKSNORMERING IN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A. Wilkes t. Inleidend. Taalgebruiksnormering in die Suid-A£rikaanse Bantoetale behels hooEsaaklik twee aangeleenthede, naamlik die normering van die skryfstelsel, ofte wel die standaardisering daacvan soos dit algemeen onder Bantoetaalkundiges in hierdie land bekend staan, en die skep van nuwe terme.

  6. die suid-afrikaanse blanke jeug in die tweede vryheidsoorlog

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (Folo: Nas/ona/a Kultuurh/slor/ase en Ope/ugmuseum). 11. Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies .... wens geeis waar die kinders op die grand san- der matrasse en baie min komberse moes slaap. .... ing them upon the rack, using the thumb-screw, or applying the red-hot iron to the soles of their feet, we ...

  7. Die Wissensgesellschaft und die Bildung des Subjekts - ein Widerspruch?

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Hacke; Stefan Welling

    2009-01-01

    Der Beitrag untersucht, inwiefern sich medienpädagogisch relevante Diskrepanzen zwischen dem Diskurs der Wissensgesellschaft und jugendlichem Medienhandeln nachzeichnen lassen. Dazu werden zunächst einige Aspekte des Konstrukts Wissensgesellschaft skizziert, das in seiner gegenwärtig populären Form ins Fahrwasser an volkswirtschaftlichen Verwertungskalkülen orientierter Denkformen geraten ist. Dies wird in Bezug auf die sich daran gekoppelte Programmatik von Kompetenz diskutiert, welche den «...

  8. Author: T Bekker DIE MOONTLIKE REGSHERVORMING VAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RV

    So ver terug as die vroeë twintigste eeu het die Appèlhof in Cassiem v Standard. Bank of SA Ltd,1 .... 838; Capital Building Society v De Jager 1963 3 SA 381 (T); Smit v Walles 1985 2 SA 189 (T). 196-198. 18 ...... moeilik kon regverdig.97. Ons howe het tot op hede gehuiwer om 'n algemene plig van goeie trou ten aansien.

  9. Die verschiedenen Modi der Existenz

    OpenAIRE

    Souriau, Étienne

    2015-01-01

    "Wäre die Philosophie auch nur eine Stunde der Mühe wert, wenn sie uns nicht für das Leben rüstete?" Gezielten Schrittes entwirft der französische Philosoph Étienne Souriau in diesem dicht gedrängten Buch eine Grammatik der Existenz. Im Fokus steht nicht nur ihre Theorie, sondern auch die tatsächliche Ausübung der "Kunst des Existierens". Wie Gilles Deleuze und William James vertritt Souriau dabei die These eines existenziellen Pluralismus: Es gibt Phänomene, Dinge, das Virtuelle, fiktionale ...

  10. Electron attachment cross sections obtained from electron attachment spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Popp, P.; Baumbach, J.I.; Leonhardt, J.W.; Mothes, S.

    1988-01-01

    Electron capture detectors have a high sensitivity for substances with high thermal electron attachment cross sections. The electron attachment spectroscopy makes it possible to change the mean electron energy in such a way that the maximum for dissociative electron attachment is reached. Thus, best operation modes of the detection system as well as significant dependencies of electron attachment coefficients are available. Cross sections for electron attachment as a function of the electron energy are obtained with the knowledge of electron energy distribution functions from Boltzmann equation analysis by a special computer code. A disadvantage of this electron attachment spectroscopy is the superposition of space charge effects due to the decrease of the electron drift velocity with increasing mean electron energy. These influences are discussed. (author)

  11. Die rol van persoonlikheidstrekke in die weerstand teen stres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja V. R. van Oudtshoorn

    1988-05-01

    Full Text Available The role of personality characteristics in resistance to stress: A study was conducted to establish whether certain personality characteristics contribute to resistance to stress. Rescue brigadesmen, performing dangerous rescue operations in the goldmining industry, served as basis for the study. The sample consisted of 63 current, 56 ex- and 50 non-brigadesmen. Results indicate that brigadesmen, on the basis of their personality structure, are better equipped to cope with stress. Scores on the 16PF show that they have a lower level of interpersonal anxiety (Factor Q4 and that they are more practical (Factor I, emotionally stable (Factor C, and conscientious (Factor G. These findings support existing knowledge of the 16PF. Opsomming Ten einde vas te stel ofdaar sekere persoonlikheidstrekke bestaan wat bydra tot weerstand teen stres, is 'n studie uitgevoer met reddingspanlede, wat lewensgevaarlike reddingsdiens in die goudmynbedryf verrig, as ondersoekgroep. Die streekproefhet uit 63 huidige, 56 oud-reddingspanlede en 50 amptenare, wat nog nooit aan die span behoort het nie, bestaan. Dit blyk dat reddingspanlede, op grond van hulle persoonlikheidstruktuur, beter toegerus is om stres te hanteer. Tellings op die 16PF toon dat hulle oor 'n laervlakvan interpersoonlike angs beskik, (Faktor Q4, dat hulle meer prakties (Faktor I, emosioneel stabiel (Faktor C en konsensieus is (Faktor G. Hierdie bevindinge sluit aan by die reeds bestaande kennis oor die 16PF.

  12. Die Last mit der Lust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutz Sauerteig

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Robert Jütte legt mit Lust ohne Last eine umfassende, allgemeinverständliche und spannend zu lesende Geschichte der Empfängnisverhütung von der Antike bis in die unmittelbare Gegenwart vor.

  13. Nuwe patogene in die voedselbedryf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Ehlers

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available ’n “Nuwe generasie” voedselpatogene het die afgelope jare hul verskyning gemaak en kan 'n ernstige gevaar vir die voedselbedryf inhou. Hierdie organismes is uiters aanpasbaar en bestaande voedselprosesseringstegnieke, veral die verkoeling van voedsel, is nie altyd volkome effektief om hul groei te voorkom nie. Clostridium botulinum tipe E, enterotoksigeniese Eschsrichia coli. Listeria monocytogenes en Aeromonas hydrophila is in staat om in voedsel by 5 °C te groei. Campylobacter jejuni en Brucella kan weer by 5 °C oorleef en 'n derde groep organismes, naamlik Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus en Vibrio vulnificus kan by temperature tussen 5 °C en 12 °C groei en hul teenwoordigheid is ’n aanduiding dat die koueketting verbreek is.

  14. Videobasierte Unterrichtsbeobachtung: die Quadratur des Zirkels?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regula Fankhauser

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Seit einigen Jahren wird Unterrichtsforschung vermehrt videobasiert angegangen. Die methodologische Diskussion, die die Weiterentwicklung des Instrumentariums begleitet, kreist dabei zentral um die Frage der Invasivität der Aufzeichnungstechnik und möglicher Kameraeffekte. Je nach methodologischer Ausrichtung wird diesem Problem anders begegnet: So versucht die abbildtheoretische Unterrichtsvideografie, die Invasivität zu kontrollieren. Qualitative Methoden wie die Kameraethnografie dagegen machen mögliche Kameraeffekte wie die Performanz vor der Kamera oder die Blickrichtung, die durch das Kameraauge fixiert wird, zum Ausgangspunkt neuer, ästhetischer Verfahrensweisen. Der vorliegende Artikel geht einen dritten Weg: Anhand eines Rückgriffs auf den Wissenschaftssoziologen LATOUR und anhand der methodologischen Reflexion eines forschungspraktischen Beispiels sollen grundsätzliche Probleme der Unterrichtsforschung herausgearbeitet werden, die sich mit dem Einsatz der Videografie besonders deutlich zeigen und mit der sich die Unterrichtsforschung vermehrt auseinandersetzen müsste. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1301241

  15. Die verband tussen gemeentebouprosesse en missionale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    n sinergie tussen die persoonlike getuienislewering van lidmate en die korporatiewe impak van die gemeente bestaan. 'It is therefore imperative that the impact of the local Church will not be accelerated without concentrating ...

  16. Attachment theory: Old and new approach

    OpenAIRE

    Polovina Nada

    2005-01-01

    The article is an attempt to present holistically the key concepts of attachment theory rediscovered for its potentials. The presented concepts include: narrow definition of attachment, behavioral control system of attachment, attachment working model and patterns of attachment. The concepts are presented in the context of child attachment theory and adult attachment theory, in addition to description of the development of attachment. Concepts, as well as developmental processes are presented...

  17. Sentence-Level Attachment Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albakour, M.-Dyaa; Kruschwitz, Udo; Lucas, Simon

    Attachment prediction is the task of automatically identifying email messages that should contain an attachment. This can be useful to tackle the problem of sending out emails but forgetting to include the relevant attachment (something that happens all too often). A common Information Retrieval (IR) approach in analyzing documents such as emails is to treat the entire document as a bag of words. Here we propose a finer-grained analysis to address the problem. We aim at identifying individual sentences within an email that refer to an attachment. If we detect any such sentence, we predict that the email should have an attachment. Using part of the Enron corpus for evaluation we find that our finer-grained approach outperforms previously reported document-level attachment prediction in similar evaluation settings.

  18. Mikrobiologiese aktiwiteit tot voordeel van die mens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. van Eeden

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available Wanneer van mikroorganismes en hul aktiwiteite gepraat word, dink die meeste mense onwillekeurig in terme van siektes van mens en dier en ander skadelike invloede. Dit verbaas geensins, want dit is so dat van die mens se gevaarlikste vyande juis in die wêreld van die kleinste lewende organismes voorkom. Mikrobiologie as wetenskap het dan ook sy ontstaan gevind in die bestudering van hierdie organismes met die doel om hulle te kan beveg.

  19. Die verfehlte Sanktionspolitik des Westens gegen Simbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    Grauvogel, Julia; Soest, Christian von

    2015-01-01

    Am 20. Februar 2015 verlängerte die Europäische Union (EU) ihre Sanktionen gegen Simbabwes Machthaber Robert Mugabe und seine Frau Grace. Die Nachbarstaaten Simbabwes hatten sich schon immer gegen die westliche Sanktionspolitik gewandt. Als Reaktion auf Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Simbabwe hatten die EU, die USA und weitere westliche Staaten Anfang der 2000er Jahre Sanktionen gegen die Regierung Mugabe verhängt. Zeitweise waren mehrere Hundert Personen von Kontensperrungen und Reisebes...

  20. Dissociative attachment to lithium dimers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wadehra, J.M.

    1987-01-01

    The cross sections and the rates of production of negative ions of atomic lithium by the process of dissociative electron attachment to lithium dimers are obtained by using the resonant scattering theory. Both the cross sections as well as the rates of attachment are enhanced if the lithium molecule is initially vibrationally excited. General expressions for approximately obtaining the rates of electron attachment to any vibrational level of Li 2 are presented

  1. Die geheim van die prediking: om mondig te word | Cilliers | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hierdie artikel gaan uit van die oortuiging dat prediking 'n spraakgebeure is waarin die stem van die prediker - simbool van sy of haar persoonlikheid en spiritualiteit - 'n belangrike rol het om te speel. Die stem van die prediker mag nie misken word in die dinamiese struktuur van kommunikasie nie, en moet inteendeel op 'n ...

  2. die kasteel••de goede hoop" (1921.1923): die verhaal van in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    3. TWEE. KOMITEE-VERGADERINGS. BESLUITE a. Doel en samestelling van die komitee. Op 12 Desember 1921 stuur die Sekretans yap Verdediging uitnodigings aan sekere amptelike instansies en ander behingstd1endes waarin hy die redes vir die wenslikheid van 'n komitee en die werksaamhede uitecnsit en die ge-.

  3. In die grot van die sibille. Juanita Louw. Kaapstad: Queillerie, 2016 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    stal van die Universiteit van Kaapstad. Variasie, afgerondheid en poëtiese eien- aarskap kenmerk die bundels ... Dit is ook die geval met Juanita. Louw se debuutbundel In die grot van die sibille wat getuig van 'n sterk .... wag in geel notaboeke en rooi ink, tussen my elmboë op die blad van my lessenaar. Dit is 'n boeiende ...

  4. DIE ONTW"IKKELING VAN DIE SOW"JET.VLOOT SEDERT 1945

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ring was die legging van die kiel in 1939 van die. CHAPAYEV- kruiser in die ligte klas (CL). Stalin se voorliefde was swaar kruisers5 en hy was 'n voorstander van ander swaar oorlogs- bodems (bv slagskepe). Nogtans het die rol wat die vliegdekskepe kon vul hom nie oortuig nie en het hy hulle konstruksie teengestaan6.

  5. Using attachment theory in mentoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Kerri

    Attachment theory is a useful way to understand the bond between children and the people with whom they have emotional ties--usually caregivers. The theory can also help us to understand any adult relationship that provides closeness and a sense of attachment, especially in times of stress or need. Understanding the nature, cause and effect of the role and function of attachment from a training and development perspective, and different styles of attachment, may improve the quality of the mentoring experience for both mentors and mentees.

  6. Enkele opmerkings oor die intrinsieke waarde van die Latynse teks van Kodeks Bezae as herstelbron vir die Griekse teks van die Nuwe Testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. J.C. Jordaan

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available Een van die belangrikste oud-Latynse vertalings word gevind in Kodeks Bezae, ’n vyfde-eeuse manuskrip van die vier Evangelies. Kodeks Bezae bevat ’n Griekse teks (D en ’n Latynse teks (d van die Evangelies langs mekaar, die Latynse teks in ’n lettertipe wat baie aan die Griekse majuskelskrif herinner. Wat hierdie dokument so merkwaardig maak, is die feit dat dit die enigste manuskrip is wat ’n Griekse Evangelie-teks uit die Westerse teksfamilie bevat.

  7. Systemic therapy and attachment narratives: Attachment Narrative Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dallos, Rudi; Vetere, Arlene

    2014-10-01

    This article outlines an integration of attachment theory with narrative theory and systemic theory and practice: Attachment Narrative Therapy (ANT). This integration offers a more powerful explanatory formulation of the development and maintenance of human distress in relationships, families and communities, and gives direction to psychotherapeutic intervention. © The Author(s) 2014.

  8. From security to attachment : Mary Ainsworth's contribution to attachment theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosmalen, Lenette (Lenny) van

    2015-01-01

    Even though John Bowlby (1907-1990) is generally regarded as the founder of attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth’s (1913-1999) contribution is considerable and goes beyond the design of the Strange Situation Procedure and the introduction of maternal sensitivity as decisive for a secure attachment

  9. Die lewe van die Christen in die wêreld van sosiaal-politiese spanninge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. van W. de Vries

    1978-06-01

    Full Text Available Ek het besluit om hierdie keer nie geleerd en wetenskaplik te skrywe nie maar om eenvoudig te bly, sodat die eenvoudigste onder ons ook by kan bly. Daarom praat en skryf ek soos ek dink. Dit bring ’n taal en styl na vore wat u miskien sal hinder, maar dit is my eie en ek bied dit nie vir navolging aan nie. U sal ook gou agterkom dat ek nie alles nie, inteendeel, baie min weet en die gebrek aan wysheid en kennis agter baie woorde probeer verberg - ook dit is nie navolgingswaardig nie, maar ek voel dat ek dit vandag so moet doen en daarom doen ek dit. En ek skuif my poginkie gerieflik in onder die magistrale na-klanke van die uitnemende sermoen wat u so pas gehoor het.

  10. Die rol van die onderwys in die handhawing en uitbouing van ons volkskultuur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.J. Jordaan

    1970-03-01

    Full Text Available Op die oog af lyk dit ’n baie maklike onderwerp, maar hoe meer 'n mens daaroor nadink hoe ingewikkelder en omvangryker word die implikasies wat verband hou. Dit is veral so omdat dit hier voor alles gaan om eerste fundamentele uitgangspunte, dit wil sê, om lewens- en wêreldbeskouing. Dit geld van albei komponente — van onderwys sowel as van kultuur.

  11. as by die huisbesoek. HP WOLMARANS. PROF. DR. SP ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    van 'n evangeüedienaar wat alles fei! gehad het vir die werk en werk kring waartoe God hom geroep het. Hy is dan ook werklik die eerste grondlegger van die gemeente in Zoutpansberg en die man wat dit opgewerk het. Die geskiedenis van Hofmeyer is die geskiedenis van die kerk- vereniging en die redes waarom die ...

  12. Die krisis van ongeloof in Numeri 13-14

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die ver- haal gebruik die aanloklikheid van die land as 'n submotief om 'n groter drama uit te beeld: die konflik tussen Israel en sy God. ISSN 0259 9422 ... In aansluiting by Eksodus 34 laat die liefde en trou van die Here aan Horn die ...... langs die weg van die tema van veertig jaar dat 'de hoofdstukken 13-14 een sleutel-.

  13. Die vraag na ’n nuwe belydenisskrif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    1974-05-01

    Full Text Available Die mees bekende reformatoriese belydenisskrifte dateer uit die sestiende en sewentiende eeue (E 16—17 en is dus almal 300 tot 400 jaar oud: Die Galliese Konfessie 1559, die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis 1561, die Heidelbergse Kategismus 1563, die 39 Articles 1563, die Tweede Helvietiese Konfessie 1566, die Dordtse Leerreëls 1619, die Westminsterse Konfessie 1646.

  14. Die betekenis van die bepalings van die 1996 Grondwet: Die aanhef en hoofstuk 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Venter

    1998-11-01

    against the background of the social contract theory. The weaknesses of this theory are exposed and it is argued that the force external to the Constitution that guarantees its primacy, is its practical legitimacy, i.e. sufficient support or acceptance of the authority of the Constitution by the citizenry. Section 2 is phrased in strong terms and means that no juridically relevant conduct, be it of a private or public law nature, can escape the test of constitutionality.In the interpretation of section 3 the nature of citizenship and nationality is analysed with reference to international authorities and definitions of these concepts are developed. The legal implications of citizenship in the context of the Constitution are set out and the historical context of citizenship having been used in pre-constitutional times as an instrument for creating separate ethnic states, is described. The current post modern tendency in places to devalue citizenship is contrasted with the importance being attached to the notion in South Africa in the context of nation building and the employment of expatriates.Regarding sections 4 and 5 the formal regulation of the national anthem and national flag is described. The national anthem may be amended by presidential proclamation, but changes to the national flag require an amendment of the Constitution.Section 6, which deals with the complex language matter, protects linguistic diversity rather than the status of any languages. The Constitutional Court has determined that, although no express provision to this effect exists, individuals are entitled to use the language of their choice in their dealings and communications with the government. The state is required to promote "the indigenous languages of our people." This is interpreted to include the nine official indigenous African languages, Afrikaans, Khoi, Nama and San. In the determination of language policies Municipal Councils are required to take the language usage and preferences of

  15. Verslag van die tweede internasionale calvynkongres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Office

    1978-06-01

    Full Text Available Dr. B. J. v.d. Walt het die kongres aan die Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, 25 — 28 September 1978, bygewoon en doen daarvan soos volg verslag: Eintlik was hierdie die eerste internasionale Calvynkongres. Die Calvynkongres wat vanaf 16 — 19 September 1974 aan die Vrije Universiteit gehou is,was ’n Europese kongres. Hierdie tweede byeenkoms het nie alleen meer navorsers getrek nie (ongeveer 80 teenoor die 40 Calvynkenners by die eerste byeenkoms, maar die kongresgangers het ook veel meer lande (16 verteenwoordig — selfs van so vêr as die VSA, Kanada, Japan, Korea en Suid-Afrika. Ook lande agter die ystergordyn soos die Deutsche Demokratische Republik, Hongarye en Roemenië was goed verteenwoordig.

  16. Protein Attachment on Nanodiamonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chung-Lun; Lin, Cheng-Huang; Chang, Huan-Cheng; Su, Meng-Chih

    2015-07-16

    A recent advance in nanotechnology is the scale-up production of small and nonaggregated diamond nanoparticles suitable for biological applications. Using detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) with an average diameter of ∼4 nm as the adsorbents, we have studied the static attachment of three proteins (myoglobin, bovine serum albumin, and insulin) onto the nanoparticles by optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and dynamic light scattering, and electrophoretic zeta potential measurements. Results show that the protein surface coverage is predominantly determined by the competition between protein-protein and protein-ND interactions, giving each protein a unique and characteristic structural configuration in its own complex. Specifically, both myoglobin and bovine serum albumin show a Langmuir-type adsorption behavior, forming 1:1 complexes at saturation, whereas insulin folds into a tightly bound multimer before adsorption. The markedly different adsorption patterns appear to be independent of the protein concentration and are closely related to the affinity of the individual proteins for the NDs. The present study provides a fundamental understanding for the use of NDs as a platform for nanomedical drug delivery.

  17. Ortopedie in die Grieks - Romeinse era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Cilliers

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Die gevorderde hantering van afwykings van bene en gewrigte, Ortopedie, het in Mesopotamië en veral in antieke Egipte sy ontstaan gehad. Dit was egter die Griekse geneeshere wat in die laat 5de eeu v.C. in die Hippokratiese Korpus ’n merkwaardig doeltreffende samevatting van die ortopediese beroep vasgelê het, waarop vir minstens ’n 1 000 jaar nie beduidend verbeter sou word nie. Gebaseer op die onderskeiding tussen toe en oop frakture en ontwrigtings (lg. met oorliggende velwond, en aansienlik swakker prognose is hierdie afwykings so spoedig moontlik gereduseer (selfs deur middel van meganiese tegnieke, die oorliggende vel met seraatsalf gesmeer en dan met kompresse en verbande geïmmobiliseer. Gedurende die eerste 12 dae is die letsel herhaaldelik weer oopgemaak om die fraktuur of ontwrigting te herbelyn indien nodig. Eers hierna is ferm immobilisasie met onder andere spalke aangebring. Beduidende druk op die letsel is vermy omdat daar geglo is dat dit sepsis en gangreen aanbring. Dit is aanvaar dat genesing 20 dae (by byvoorbeeld voet-, rib- en sleutelbeenfrakture en 40 dae (by been- en bo-armfrakture sou duur. Benewens algemeen geldende prosedures is die spesifi  eke hantering van 18 verskillende frakture en ’n groot aantal ontwrigtings in besonderhede uitgespel. Oor ander ortopediese afwykings soos degeneratiewe artritis en jig verskyn daar min in die Hippokratiese werke, maar later geneeshere in die Romeinse era (bv. Celsus, Soranus, Aretaeus en Galenus het dit wel beskryf. Daar is aanduiding dat die hantering van siektes van gewrigte en bene by die mens (die dissipline van ortopedie in moderne terminologie reeds in antieke Egipte deeglik bestudeer en aangeteken is. 1 Tydens die klassieke era en die Romeinse tyd is beduidende verdere bydraes gelewer. In hierdie studie word die ewolusionêre ontwikkeling van ortopedie as kliniese studierigting in die antieke tyd, onder die loep geneem.

  18. Attachment, caring and prosocial behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erez, Ayelet

    2007-01-01

    The thesis focuses on 5 studies examining the role of adult attachment in volunteering by defining volunteerism as a form of caregiving. By that we suggest an effect of one behavioral system, attachment, on another, caring or prosocial behaviors in individual or group settings. Studies 1 and 2

  19. Mapping and measuring place attachment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, Greg; Raymond, Christopher Mark; Corcoran, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    The concept of place attachment has been studied extensively across multiple disciplines but only recently with empirical measurement using public participation GIS (PPGIS) and related crowd-sourcing mapping methods. This research trialed a spatially explicit method for identifying place attachment...

  20. Development of Readout Interconnections for the Si-W Calorimeter of SiD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woods, M.; Fields, R.G.; Holbrook, B.; Lander, R.L.; Moskaleva, A.; Neher, C.; Pasner, J.; Tripathi, M.; /UC, Davis; Brau, J.E.; Frey, R.E.; Strom, D.; /Oregon U.; Breidenbach, M.; Freytag, D.; Haller, G.; Herbst, R.; Nelson, T.; /SLAC; Schier, S.; Schumm, B.; /UC, Santa Cruz

    2012-09-14

    The SiD collaboration is developing a Si-W sampling electromagnetic calorimeter, with anticipated application for the International Linear Collider. Assembling the modules for such a detector will involve special bonding technologies for the interconnections, especially for attaching a silicon detector wafer to a flex cable readout bus. We review the interconnect technologies involved, including oxidation removal processes, pad surface preparation, solder ball selection and placement, and bond quality assurance. Our results show that solder ball bonding is a promising technique for the Si-W ECAL, and unresolved issues are being addressed.

  1. Fibre-reinforced SiC ceramics: Properties and applications; Faserverstaerkte SiC-Keramik: Eigenschaften und Anwendungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leuchs, M. [MT Aerospace AG, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Str. 5, 86153 Augsburg (Germany)

    2006-04-15

    Composite ceramics can be produced by different processes resulting in different qualities. A composite ceramic material with C or SiC fibres and a SiC matrix is presented which is produced by chemical vapour infiltration (CVI). The material characteristics are defined by the embedding of the fibres in the matrix. For full utilisation of the strength and elasticity of the fibres, weak coupling between the fibres and matrix is required. The measured cracking resistances are similar to those of metals, e.g. grey cast iron. Applications so far have focused on applications where known materials cannot be used, e.g. because of high temperatures, thermoshock and brittle fracture problems, and wear. Examples are control flaps in aerospace applications are exposed to temperatures above 1600 degree C during re-entry into the earth atmosphere and heavy-duty sliding bearings in industrial pumps where ceramic composite materials have been in use for more than a decade. (orig.) [German] Mit Verbundkeramiken ist eine Werkstoffklasse entstanden, bei denen sich verschiedene Herstellverfahren mit unterschiedlichen Qualitaeten entwickelt haben [1]. Es wird eine Verbundkeramik mit C- bzw. SiC-Fasern und SiC-Matrix vorgestellt, die ueber die Infiltration der Fasern mit dem CVI-Verfahren (Chemical Vapour Infiltration) hergestellt wird [2]. Die Eigenschaften werden bestimmt durch die Qualitaet der Einbettung der Fasern in die Matrix. Nur eine schwache Ankopplung zwischen Fasern und Matrix erlaubt es, Festigkeit und Dehnbarkeit der Fasern auszunutzen. Die gemessenen Risswiderstaende solcher Verbundkeramiken liegen im Bereich von Metallen wie zum Beispiel Grauguss. Anwendungen konzentrieren sich bisher auf Gebiete, in denen die bekannten Werkstoffe nicht eingesetzt werden koennen. Gruende hierfuer sind zum Beispiel zu hohe Temperaturen, Thermoschock- und Sproedbruchverhalten und Verschleiss. Beispiele sind Steuerklappen aus dem Bereich der Raumfahrt, die beim Wiedereintritt in die

  2. Attachment and Dyadic Regulation Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overall, Nickola C; Simpson, Jeffry A

    2015-02-01

    Insecurely attached people have relatively unhappy and unstable romantic relationships, but the quality of their relationships depends on how their partners regulate them. Some partners find ways to regulate the emotional and behavioral reactions of insecurely attached individuals, which promotes greater relationship satisfaction and security. We discuss attachment theory and interdependence dilemmas, and then explain how and why certain responses by partners assuage the cardinal concerns of insecure individuals in key interdependent situations. We then review recent studies illustrating how partners can successfully regulate the reactions of anxiously and avoidantly attached individuals, yielding more constructive interactions. We finish by considering how these regulation processes can create a more secure dyadic environment, which helps to improve relationships and attachment security across time.

  3. Der Nahostkonflikt und die Medien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carola Richter

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Diese Einführung in eine Themenausgabe zu den vielfältigen Rollen der Medien im Nahostkonflikt skizziert die Probleme, die sich für Medien und Journalisten als Akteure im Konflikt, Adressaten der Konfliktparteien und Anlass für Konflikt durch ihre Berichterstattung ergeben. Das Konfliktgebiet Israel und Palästina ist sowohl für Forschung über Auslandsbericht-erstattung, über transnationale Agenda Building- und Public Diplomacy-Prozesse als auch über mediensystemische Entwicklungen in Besatzer- und Besatzungsgebieten interessant. Der Artikel gibt einen Überblick über das Feld und führt dabei in die in der Themenausgabe präsentierten empirischen Studien zum Nahostkonflikt und den Medien ein.

  4. Die resepsie van die Heidelbergse Kategismus (Sondag 17 en 22 insake die opstanding in die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk sedert 2000 (Deel 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes W. Hofmeyr

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Met die 450e herdenking van die Heidelbergse Kategismus as vertrekpunt, word met die huidige en die vorige artikel gepoog om lig te werp op die plek, die rol en die interpretasie van die opstanding van Jesus Christus in veral Sondag 17 en 22, spesifiek in die konteks van twee besondere eras in die Nederduitse Gereformeerde (NG Kerk. In die vorige artikel is allereers ’n bespreking gevoer oor die Heidelbergse Kategismus (HK. Daar is gekyk na die resepsie van die betrokke HK-geloofsartikels in die era van Andrew Murray, spesifiek teen die agtergrond van die negentiende-eeuse liberale teologie in Nederland. In die huidige artikel word soortgelyk gekyk na die resepsie van die betrokke HK-geloofsartikels in die NG Kerk na 2000, teen die agtergrond van die herverskyning van die negentiende-eeuse liberale teologie in die vorm van die Jesus Seminaar, die Nuwe Hervorming en ondersteuners daarvan binne die NG Kerk. Sowel die negentiende-eeuse liberale stryd in die NG Kerk asook die stryd oor die opstanding in die NG Kerk van die eerste dekade van die een-en-twintigste eeu, soos verder in hierdie artikel sal blyk, was gekenmerk deur kontekstueelbepaalde uniekhede. Die gemene deler was dat albei deel was van tye van teologiese vrysinnigheid. In die lig van hierdie bespreking word tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat die NG Kerk tans, betreffende haar identiteit as gereformeerde kerk waarskynlik in ’n kritieke geloofs- en toekomskrisis verkeer. Dit impliseer kommerwekkende gevolge vir haar Skrifverstaan en getuienis as belydenis en belydende kerk van Jesus Christus en haar toekoms. Alleen duidelike visie, verantwoordelike leierskap en ’n herontdekking van die verlossingskrag van Christus se kruis en opstanding sal herstellende, positiewe en dinamiese oplossings kan bied om sodoende die NG Kerk te red van ’n snelwentelende afwaartse spiraal. With the 450th celebrations of the origin of the Heidelberg Catechism (HC in mind, the main aim of this and the

  5. Die Gereformeerde Ekumeniese Sinode en Sending 1984

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    opvatting. Indien 'n mens al die kerke wat aan die Gereformeerde. Ekumeniese Sinode (GES) behoort een vir een sendingmatig sal be- studeer, sal daar waarskynlik 'n sterk differensiasie tussen sommige kerke aan die lig kom. Die GES kan dus nie verantwoordelik gehou word vir individuele kerke se sendingopvatting nie.

  6. Die verhouding Bybelse teologie en dogmatiese teologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    verhouding met dogmatiese teologie moet wees. 1. WAT IS BYBELSE TEOLOGIE? Wanneer 'n mens die geskiedenis van Bybelse teologie nagaan en kennis neem van hoe dit in die laaste paar dekades bedryf is, word dit gou duidelik dat die begrip Bybelse teologie nie so vanselfsprekend en eenduidig is as wat dit op die ...

  7. Moderne diskoerse in die teologie vandag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.H. van Wyk

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In hierdie artikel word aandag gevra vir enkele moderne diskoerse in die teologie vandag. Volgens die outeur staan die vrae oor God, Jesus, die mens en die aarde in die sentrum van belangstelling en oorheers dit in ’n groot mate die teologiese debat. Die opkoms van die moderne aggressiewe ateïsme, die wetenskaplike navorsing oor die historiese Jesus, die groeiende vrae oor die mens en die menslike samelewing, asook die dreigende ekologiese krisis op aarde, sorg vir nuwe debatte van ongekende omvang. Die outeur bespreek hierdie debatte oorsigtelik, met kritiek waar nodig, en sluit af met enkele rigtingwysers van wat hy as ‘goeie teologie’ verstaan. In this article attention is paid to some modern discourses in theology today. According to the author the questions about God, Jesus, man and the earth are in the centre of interest and to a large extent dominate the theological debate. The rise of modern aggressive atheism, the scientific research on the historic Jesus, the growing questions about man and human society as well as the threatening ecological crisis on earth, provide new discourses of unparalleled magnitude. The author provides a broad summary of these discourses, with criticism where necessary, and concludes with some indicators of his view what can be called ‘good theology’.

  8. voorgeskiedenis tot die stigting van 'n unieverdedigingsmag

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gesien nie en toe die wetsontwerp op 23 Februa- rie 1912 deur Smuts in sy hoedanigheid as Mi- nister van Verdediging ingedien is, het Beyers heelwat kritiek daarop gehad. Beyers het be- weer dat dit op vergaderings geblyk het dat die volk wou he Engeland moet steeds die verdedi- ging waarneem aangesien die Unie ...

  9. NUWE ONTWIKKELING OP DIE TERREIN VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    onderhoud (Holter, Heald & Colovos, 1970). maar dit kon tot dusver nie bevestig word in die geval van weefselsintese uit asynsuur nie (sien Thomas & Rook,. 1973). Daar bestaan egter min twyfel dat die verhou- ding van vlugtige vetsuurproduksie wel in sommige ge- valle die doeltreffende benutting van die vetsure deur.

  10. strategiese bakens vir die wisselwerking tussen eenheid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liezel

    INLEIDING. Vanuit die gereformeerde tradisie word vrae gestel oor die effektiwiteit van die kerk in 'n snel veranderende samelewing en veelbesproke postmoderne kon- teks (Vorster 1996:23). Hiermee saam dwing die dalende lidmaatgetalle van. Ds. G. van Wyk, Skool vir Kerkwetenskappe, Fakulteit Teologie, Noordwes-.

  11. DIE VRYWILLIGERSMAGTE VAN GRIEKWALAND-WES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    teen gekant was, is dit op 15 Oktober 1880 by die Kaapkolonie ingelyf.9. Gedurende sy kortstondige bestaan van minder as 'n dekade lank het die kroonkolonie Griekwa- land-Wes met talle finansiele, ekonomiese, so- siale en ander probleme te doen gehad. Een van die ernstige probleme was die bedreiging wat.

  12. Normatiwiteit versus neutraliteit in die tegniese wetenskappe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Alberts

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Die essens van hierdie referaat is nie ’n pleidooi vir ’n normatiewe benadering tot beoefening van die wetenskap op natuurkundige terrein nie, maar eerder 'n aanvaarding van die onvermydelikheid daarvan en ’n poging om dan die konsekwensies in oënskou te neem.

  13. Oor die Nuwe Testament, vertelkunde en prediking

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maar die omstandighede was anders as in Palestina waar Jesus in. Galilea buite die groot stad en onder die landelike bevolking opgetree het. Dit was ook moeilik om as Christen in 'n oorheersend heidense stad jou oortuigings van Jesus die opgestane Heer uit te leef. Dink maar aan Efese! Kan 'n mens jou voorstel hoe ...

  14. Die Hervormde Teologiese Studies na vyftig jaar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of Scholarly Literature, die Université LavaJ in Québec, Kanada se Bibliographical. Information Bank in Patristics, die Catholic University of America in Washington,. DC se Old Testament Abstracts, die Weston School of Theology in Cambridge, MA se New Testament Abstracts en die Religious and Theological Abstracts wat ...

  15. Geskiedenis van die Geneeskunde in Pretoria*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Jul 1971 ... Elandspoort het aan Andries van der WaIt behoort en. Daspoort aan Joggem Tweeduim Prinsloo. ... Van der Hoff en die Vierkleur, ook deur horn ontwerp, word vir die eerste keer gehys. Die eerste ... met net 'n ketting van 50 voet, en 'n verkyker tot sy beskikking. Al die strate was 80 voet breed behalwe ...

  16. Leerteoretiese basis van die andragogie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. A. Simpson

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available Learning theory basis of andragogy. A cursory glance at andragogy creates the impression that humanistic learning theory plays an all encompassing role in the learner centered approach andragogy espouses. A closer look, however, reveals that Knowles (1973, after having made an intensive study of learning theory, created an extensive framework within which human resource development can take place. The fact that Knowles attracted critique from different areas, led to a need to ascertain the role different learning theories, if any, played in the emergence of andragogy. Having looked at the assumptions displayed by the andragogical approach, as well as a comparison of different learning theories and their connection with andragogy, it became clear that andragogy contains elements of various learning theories in an adapted way. These adaptations resulted in an approach to adult education in which learners are given the opportunity to be part of the learning process in such a way that they themselves contribute to the development which takes place. Opsomming Met 'n eerste oogopslag wil dit voorkom asof humanistiese leerteorie 'n oorheersende rol in die leerdergesentreerde benadering van andragogie speel. By nadere ondersoek blyk dit egter dat Knowles (1973, na 'n deeglike studie van verskillende leerteoretiese beginsels, 'n omvangryke raamwerk geskep het waarbinne, aan die hand van verskeie aangepaste leerteoretiese beginsels, menslike hulpbronontwikkeling kan plaasvind. As gevolg van die feit dat Knowles vanuit verskillende oorde kritiek op die lyf geloop het, is besluit om die rol wat verskillende leerteorieë in andragogie speel, te bestudeer. Dit blyk dat andragogie nie net elemente van verskillende leerteorieë bevat nie, maar dat toepaslike aspekte van die teoriee wat ondersoek is, benut en aangepas is om 'n geintegreerde benadering te bewerkstellig waarin veral volwassene-leerders by leergeleenthede en hulle selfontwikkeling betrek word.

  17. PS Dreyer: Bakens op die pad van die wetenskap

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    standing of Greek philosophy should be of significance for time to come. Two milestones could be distinguished: ... of the knowledge of values in ethics by valuation in contradistinction to knowledge through feeling, reason ..... Aristoteles (384-322 v C), in Faure, AM et al (red) 1981, Die West erse politieke tradisie. Pretoria: ...

  18. Die ontwikkeling van menslike potensiaal in die Republiek van Suid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    Dit het dus ook te doen met lewenstandaard, aangesien lewenstandaard `n bepalende faktor is met betrekking tot die optimale ontwikkeling van menslike potensiaal. Ander minder materiële aspekte van menslike potensiaal het te doen met menslike vryheid, waaronder vryheid van spraak, beweging en keuse ter sake is.

  19. Method of treating tool steel die materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cook, C.S.; Damon, S.

    1981-01-01

    In a method of hardening pilger dies to provide a hard case containing residual compressive stresses and tough body, the tool steel die is heated to the austenitizing temperature range, followed by selectively removing heat from the die at a predetermined faster rate in the direction of the desired case than the rate of heat removal from the balance of the die, and thereafter tempering the die. The invention provides a fully hardened and tempered case on the working surface of the die and a tough body in the balance of the die, usually of lower hardness. (author)

  20. Die «ASEAN-Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft»

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juego, Bonn

    2014-01-01

    Seit dem Ende der 1990er-Jahre verfolgt die ASEAN die Vision einer politischen, wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Gemeinschaft. Doch wie realistisch ist die Umsetzung eines solch ambitionierten Vorhabens vor dem Hintergrund der enormen Heterogenität der Region? ASEAN vereint Staaten auf...... Entwicklungsstufen, wie sie unterschiedlicher kaum sein können. Der Autor, Bonn Juego, nimmt die ASEAN Vision 2020 sowie die Debatten, die diesbezüglich in den einzelnen Ländern geführt werden, unter die Lupe. Er geht dem Potenzial des ASEANAnsatzes zu sozialer Teilhabe und wirtschaftlicher Verteilungsgerechtigkeit...

  1. Portable punch and die jig

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewandowski, Edward F.; Anderson, Petrus A.

    1978-01-01

    A portable punch and die jig includes a U-shaped jig of predetermined width having a slot of predetermined width in the base thereof extending completely across the width of the jig adapted to fit over the walls of rectangular tubes and a punch and die assembly disposed in a hole extending through the base of the jig communicating with the slot in the base of the jig for punching a hole in the walls of the rectangular tubes at precisely determined locations.

  2. [Dying with cancer: Hollywood lessons].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemeyer, Fernanda; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce

    2013-12-01

    The study attempts to understand how dying from cancer is portrayed by five movies produced in Hollywood between 1993 and 2006. Based on the cultural studies and their post-structuralism version and supported by the notions of discourse and subjectivity, as proposed by philosopher Michel Foucault, we suggest one of the possible readings of the movie picture corpus. We assess how the movie picture discourse acts as a cultural pedagogy that produces ways of seeing dying with cancer: immortalizing the healthy body image, silencing death, taking care of the dead body and, finally, accepting death. Our proposal is intended to stimulate reflections that may contribute to care and education in nursing.

  3. Die Herz-Lungen-Maschine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krane, Markus; Bauernschmitt, Robert; Lange, Rüdiger

    Das Kapitel der modernen Herzchirurgie mit Einsatz der Herz-Lungen-Maschine am Menschen beginnt am 6. Mai 1953, als J. Gibbon bei einer 18-jährigen Patientin einen angeborenen Defekt in der Vorhofscheidewand verschließt [1]. Mit ersten experimentellen Versuchen zur extrakorporalen Zirkulation begann Gibbon bereits in den 30er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts. Die Grundlage für die heute gebräuchliche Rollerpumpe schufen Porter und Bradley mit ihrer "rotary pump“, welche sie 1855 zum Patent anmeldeten. Diese Pumpe wurde von DeBakey und Schmidt modifiziert und entspricht im Wesentlichen noch der heute sich im Routinebetrieb befindlichen Rollerpumpe [2].

  4. Existential Needs among the Dying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Lene

    meaning making. Methods: The key research question is: 1. What kind of existential needs are central to dying cancer patients and their relatives during the terminal phase in Danish hospices? Exploring this highly sensitive and complex research area entails substantial ethical responsibility during data...... based and practice relevant knowledge about the complexity of existential considerations and needs among dying cancer patients and their relatives in a secularized society as Denmark. Existential needs are seen as a multidimensional concept that encompasses religious, spiritual and secular existential...

  5. Die Freunde im und die Freude am Fernsehen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina Ovcina Cajacob

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht darin, die Wirkungen von Popstars und Popbands auf Jugendliche (13- bis 17-Jährige zu erforschen. Im Mittelpunkt der Interessen steht die Frage, welche Wirkungen aus der Rezeption von Musiksendungen (bzw. Videoclips von Musiksendern entstehen und welche Charakteristika innerhalb der aufgebauten Beziehungen zu den Stars bemerkbar sind. Andererseits wurden die Unterschiede und Parallelen zwischen parasozialen Beziehungen zu den Stars und orthosozialen Beziehungen aufgezeigt. Im Zusammenhang mit der empirischen Untersuchung bezieht sich die Autorin auf den Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach, wobei die bedürfnissbefriedigenden Wirkungen von Musikkanälen und den dazu gehörigen Popstars im Mittelpunkt stehen. Mit Hilfe des Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach wird angenommen, dass das Konsumieren der Musiksendungen und der Musikstars von den Jugendlichen gezielt zur Befriedigung bestimmter Bedürfnisse eingesetzt wird.The objective of this study is to explore the effects of pop stars on adolescents (aged between 13 and 17. The focus of interest is the question what effect music channels (i.e. video clips from music channels produce and what characteristics are noticeable from the formed relationship between adolescents and pop stars. On the other side, parallels and differences have been drawn between the para-social relationships to pop stars and ortho-social relationships. In connection with empirical study, the author also refers to Uses-and Gratification-Approach where the need satisfying effects of music channels and pop stars are in focus. With the help of Uses-and Gratification-Approach it will be assumed, that aim of watching music channels and therefore pop stars will be pointed toward the gratification of specific needs.

  6. Geologie van die Bergkwagga Nasionale Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. K Toerien

    1972-12-01

    Full Text Available Die geologie van die Bergkwagga Nasionale Park word behandel. Die topografie en dreinering word bespreek en gevolg deur 'n kort behandeling van die Serie Beaufort (asook doleriet intrusies soos dit in die Park voorkom. The geology of the Mountain Zebra National Park is dealt with. The topography and drainage is discussed, followed by a brief discussion of the Beaufort Series (and dolerite intrusion, as it occurs in the Park.

  7. Chirurgie in die Grieks-Romeinse era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François P. Retief

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In die Grieks-Romeinse era het mediese behandeling kenmerkend uit drie elemente bestaan, naamlik regimen (dieet en gesonde leefwyse, geneesmiddels en chirurgie – laasgenoemde alleen toegepas indien regimen en geneesmiddels onsuksesvol was. Bewyse van primitiewe chirurgie dateer terug na die Bronstydperk, en in Homerus se eposse is heelwat vermelding van die chirurgiese hantering van oorlogswonde, met tussenkoms van die gode. Met die koms van empiriese geneeskunde in die 5de eeu v.C. het chirurgie in die Hippokratiese Corpus prominent gefigureer met beduidende bydraes in veral die ortopediese veld en hoofbeserings. Uitbouing van anatomiese en fisiologiese kennis, gebaseer op disseksie van menslike kadawers in Alexandrië vanaf die laat 4de eeu v.C., het chirurgie ’n hupstoot gegee. Teen die Romeinse era vanaf die 2de eeu v.C. het snykundetegnieke (en -instrumente beduidend verbeter, maar is steeds oorwegend deur Griekse geneeshere beoefen. Van geneeshere is steeds verwag om al drie bovermelde terapeutiese modaliteite te bemeester, maar chirurgie het meer aansien verwerf en daar is al meer in onderafdelings van chirurgie soos oogheelkunde, vrouesiektes en verloskunde, blaaskwale en mond- en keelsnykunde gespesialiseer. Militêre geneeskunde was in die Romeinse Ryk ’n belangrike aktiwiteit, en het veral traumachirurgie uitgebou. Betreding van die buik- en toraksholtes was nie meer noodwendig fataal nie, en veeartsenykunde het tot stand gekom. Die eerste beduidende chirurgiehandboek ná die Hippokratiese Corpus is in die 1ste eeu n.C. deur Celsus opgestel. Vanaf die 3de eeu het die chirurgieberoep min vordering gemaak, die beroepstaal het mettertyd van Grieks na Latyn verander en kundigheid is later veral deur Islam-geneeshere na die Middeleeue en later oorgedra.

  8. Electron attachment to excited molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christophorou, L.G.; Pinnaduwage, L.A.; Datskos, P.G.

    1993-01-01

    Studies on electron attachment to molecules rotationally/vibrationally excited thermally or via infrared-laser excitation showed that the effect of internal energy of a molecule on its electron attachment properties depends on the mode--dissociative or nondissociative--of electron attachment. They quantified the effect of the internal energy of the molecule on the rate of destruction (by autodissociation or by autodetachment) of its parent transient anion. Generally, increases in ro-vibrational molecular energy increase the cross section for dissociative electron attachment and decrease the effective cross section for parent anion formation due mainly to increased autodetachment. These findings and their understanding are discussed. A discussion is given, also, of recent investigations of electron attachment to electronically excited molecules, especially photoenhanced dissociative electron attachment to long- and short-lived excited electronic states of molecules produced directly or indirectly by laser irradiation. These studies showed that the cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to electronically excited molecules usually are many orders of magnitude larger than those for the ground-state molecules. The new techniques that have been developed for such studies are briefly described also

  9. Attachment chemistry of aromatic compounds on a Silicon(100) surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksson, Anders; Nishiori, Daiki; Maeda, Hiroaki; Miyachi, Mariko; Yamanoi, Yoshinori; Nishihara, Hiroshi

    2018-03-01

    A mild method was developed for the chemical attachment of aromatic compounds directly onto a hydrogen-terminated Si(100) (H-Si(100)) surface. In the presence of palladium catalyst and base, 4-iodophenylferrocene and a π-conjugated iron complex were attached to H-Si(100) electrodes and hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires (H-SiNWs), both of which have predominant dihydride species on their surfaces. The reactions were conducted in 1,4-dioxane at 100 °C and the immobilization of both 4-ferrocenylphenyl group and π-conjugated molecular wires were confirmed and quantified by XPS and electrochemical measurements. We reported densely packed monolayer whose surface coverage (Γ), estimated from the electrochemical measurements are in analogue to similar monolayers prepared via thermal or light induced hydrosilylation reactions with alkenes or alkynes. The increase in electrochemical response observed on nanostructured silicon surfaces corresponds well to the increase in surface area, those strongly indicating that this method may be applied for the functionalization of electrodes with a variety of surface topographies.

  10. From security to attachment: Mary Ainsworth's contribution to attachment theory

    OpenAIRE

    Rosmalen, Lenette (Lenny) van

    2015-01-01

    Even though John Bowlby (1907-1990) is generally regarded as the founder of attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth’s (1913-1999) contribution is considerable and goes beyond the design of the Strange Situation Procedure and the introduction of maternal sensitivity as decisive for a secure attachment relationship. Ainsworth worked in Toronto with William Blatz (1895-1964) for almost two decades before she moved to London and worked with Bowlby in 1950. Ainsworth was heavily influenced by Blatz and ...

  11. Die Sprachenvielfalt und die Medienstrategien in Algerien | Seddiki ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In various countries and different regions of the world, particular importance is attached to a number of aspects of cultural and linguistic variation within the framework of ... In Algeria this strategy towards internationalisation is adopted as well modes of the media, such as television, broadcasting, newspapers and the internet.

  12. DFT charge transfer of hybrid molecular ferrocene/Si structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calborean, Adrian; Buimaga-Iarinca, Luiza; Graur, Florin

    2015-01-01

    The electrochemical behavior and electronic properties of redox-active ferrocenes grafted onto semiconductor Si(100) substrate were investigated theoretically by first-principles calculations. Organic molecules were attached via the formation of Si-C covalent bonds through two different linkers: vinyl (direct grafting), and N 3 (CH 2 ) 11 (indirect grafting). Redox energies and the electronic properties relating to different spacers in hybrid ferrocene Fc/Si and ferrocenium Fc + /Si structures were theoretically extracted and compared with experimental cyclic voltametry data. Electronic charge transfers are discussed through the alignment positions of the frontier orbitals of the molecule with respect to the Si substrate gap. Periodic boundary conditions were used to investigate the Si(100) as a slab surface and hybrid Fc/Si structures. The resulting projected density of states (PDOS) were compared with molecular results and discussed in the light of experimental data. (paper)

  13. Die invloed van klimaatverandering op die Suid-Afrikaanse stad en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Opsomming. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die effek van klimaatverandering op die Suid-. Afrikaanse stad te ondersoek en toepaslike maatreëls aan die hand te doen, gebaseer op die spesifieke klimaatstreek. Met toenemende klimaatverandering word dit al hoe belangriker dat Suid-Afrikaanse stede veerkragtig ...

  14. n hoofstuk in die (outo)biografie van die predikant (pastor?) 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Karel Schoeman onthou in Die uur van die engel seuntjies in grys of donkerblou Sondagpakkies, die hare platgestryk met haarolie, en die dogtertjies in wit rokkies en strooihoede met blomkransies; hy onthou vir dominee Hamman op die preekstoel, swart en regop soos 'n granietsuil (Schoeman 1995:21; my kursivering).

  15. DIE ROL VAN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE WEERMAG IN NATUUR- EN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sedert die vroeg 1900's deur die Weermag be- heer. In 1967 was dit die eerste militere terrein wat tot privaatnatuurreservaat verklaar is. Vhembe bestaan uit 4 hoofplantgemeenskappe nl. rivieraewerbos, vloedvlaktes, ranteveld en die sandveldplato. Wildsoorte op die terrein sl!Jit rooibokke, bosbokke, waterbokke, koedoes,.

  16. see van Galilea gegaan in die middel van die Tienstede-gebied". AS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Die behandeling van hierdie onderwerpe is van heel ongelyke lengte en ook wel verskillend van gehalte. Die historiese uiteensettings lyk my aanmerklik beter geslaag as die sistematies-teologiese, hoewel ook daarin die hoofsake m.i. reg gestel word en tereg sowel teen die historisme as teen sekere teses en uitgroeisels ...

  17. kilometer 500, die beeindiging van die suidwes-afrika-kampanje 70 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    slaan was. Die tentklappe van die tent was ver opgeklap om genoegsame lig binne die tent te verskaf en vrye toegang na en beweging in die tent moontlik te maak. Enkele foto's oor die geskiedkundige gebeurte- nis by Kilometer 500 op 9 Julie 1915, toon aan. Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies, Vol ...

  18. Riglyne vir ‘n omvattende verrykingsprogram vir die bevordering van die geestesgesondheid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoinette Gmeiner

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available In Suid-Afrika, met die snelle veranderinge in die politiek, ekonomie, lewenstyl en tegnologiese vooruitgang, gepaard met die geweld tans in die land, is die lewenskwaliteit van mense so bemvloed dat produktiwiteit en gedrag benadeel is. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  19. resensie die reis gaan inwaarts- die kuns van sterwe in kreatiewe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die waarde van die fiktiewe ritueel wat goed inpas by ʼn postmoderne- hermeneutiese benadering wat dien as lens waardeur die skrywer na die werke van Karel Schoeman kyk, word op treffende wyse aangeraak. Dit is veral die behandeling van oorgangsrituele en van ʼn akute begrip soos liminaliteit wat gekoppel word ...

  20. ontwikkeling van die gemenereg in die lig van artikels 39(2)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    'n Mens kan met reg vra of die ius connubiorum van Brouwer en die Law of. Husband and Wife van ... AD 560 (Geheime Raad) 563. 5 Sien vir besonderhede Hahlo en Kahn SA Legal System and its Background 304. ..... Die Franse chemikus, Antoine Lavoisier, is in 1794 tydens die Franse revolusie tereggestel. Terwyl die ...

  1. Die wonders in Johannes 6 verklaar aan die hand van 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maar die Evangelie van Johannes gee self 'n aanduiding van wat die intensie van die geskrif is, te wete Johannes 20: 30-31: Jesus het nog baie ander wondertekens, wat nie in hierdie boek beskrywe is nie, voor sy dissipels gedoen. Maar hierdie wonder tekens is beskrywe sodat julle kan glo dat Jesus die Christus is, die.

  2. How Tycho Brahe really died

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Aase Roland; Petersen, Lars

    2001-01-01

    In 2001 we commemorate the 4th centenary of the death of Tycho Brahe, perhaps the first great scientists in a modern sense.This famous Danish astronomer died in Prague on the 24th of October 1601, eleven days after he had attended a banquet at the Bohemian count of Rosenberg. Tycho was too courte...

  3. Editorial/Van die Redaksie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1990-10-06

    Oct 6, 1990 ... For every child who dies of injuries, there are many more who are maimed and often disabled. In addition, the hidden morbidity in paediatric trauma may only manifest years after the injury, not only as physical disability but also as changes in cogni- tion, personality and behaviour, and as stress on.

  4. DIE FAKTORE ~ AT LEERSUKSES BEVORDER

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    student benodig word om die leertaak suksesvol aan te leer. Aptitude is the amount of time required by the learner to attain mastery of a learning task (Block p. 50). Met hierd ie opvatting ... omskryf as the ability of the learner to understand the nature of the task he ..... existing cognitive capacity at a given ievel of development ...

  5. Die Suche nach den Gottesteilchen

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    2008 wird der größte jemals gebaute Teilchenbeschleuniger in Betrieb genommen Anlässlich des Mathematik-Jahres 2008 hat der Experimentalphysiker der Universität Hamburg und der designierte Generaldirektor des europäischen Zentrums für Teilchenphysik CERN in Genf, Rolf-Dieter Heuer, die Bedeutung des Dialogs zwischen Naturwissenschaftlern und Philosophen hervorgehoben.

  6. Aanbid die godsdienste dieselfde God?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    timidity or of anxiety on the part of the Christians in South Africa. A di stinction should be made between worship in the church and prefers in a worldly situation. 1. ..... Wolfhart Pannenberg is as moderne apologeet, sterk gekant teen 'n teologie soos die van Barth wat volgens horn in 'n esoterisme verval. Hy wil op rasionale.

  7. Editorial/Van die Redaksie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1989-07-01

    Jul 1, 1989 ... Editorial/Van die Redaksie. Is there a role for surgery of reflux oesophagitis? ... to medical treatment have been infinitely better. More recently, omeprazole therapy has given remarkable results. We now ... The remarkable results of issen fundoplication in children, and particularly in retarded children, have.

  8. Editorial/Van die Redaksie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1990-10-06

    1. For every child who dies of injuries, there are many more who are maimed and often disabled. In addition, the hidden morbidity in paediatric trauma may only manifest years after the injury, not only as physical disability but ...

  9. Welches Geschlecht hat die Avantgarde?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gertrud Lehnert

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Das Buch betrachtet das Theater der französischen und amerikanischen ‚Avantgarde‘ der Moderne und Postmoderne unter dem Aspekt des Geschlechts: Welcher Verfahren bedient sich avantgardistische Kunst, ist avantgardistische Kunst in geschlechtlicher Hinsicht restriktiv, oder ermöglicht sie die subversive feministische oder auch lesbisch-schwule Ausformung spezifischer Formen?

  10. Existential Needs among the Dying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Lene

    based and practice relevant knowledge about the complexity of existential considerations and needs among dying cancer patients and their relatives in a secularized society as Denmark. Existential needs are seen as a multidimensional concept that encompasses religious, spiritual and secular existential...

  11. IRAN IN DIE INTERNASIONALE MAGSTRYD

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    neighbours, enjoyed an era of unprecedented economic prosperity and social stability under the administration of the Shah ... influence in the region - a fact borne out by the inconsistent and passive attitude displayed by the Americans throughout ...... belangrikste redes waarom die USSR graag 'n kommunistiese bewind in ...

  12. Metodes in die Christelike etiek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    - eeuse etiek, wat 'n geestelike lewe hoer geag het as 'n liggaamlike lewe, vanweë 'n dualistiese mensbeskouing (Frey 1989:26, 27) en teen die denke van Aristoteles. Aristoteles het geleer dat 'n mens geregverdig word deur reg te doen.

  13. N SENDINGBELEID IN DIE HUIDIGE SITUASIE Sending is

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    sending altyd met twee teenoor mekaar staande pole te doen. Aan die een kant staan die Bybelse Evangelie, aan die ander kant staan die heiden met sy ganse geestesinhoud, tradisie en geskiedenis. Aan die een kant staan Evangelie, aan die ander kant kuituur. Aan die een kant staan. Kerk, aan die ander kant Wéreld.

  14. Woordeboeke en Dowe gebruikers: huidige probleme en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die meeste woordeboeke, veral die gedrukte woordeboeke, gebruik sketse of foto's om die gebare voor te stel. In die verlede was dit die enigste moontlik- heid vir voorstelling en die afbeeldings is gewoonlik so gekies om selfs vir die ongesofistikeerde gebruiker verstaanbaar te wees. Die aktiwiteit van 'n gebaar is egter nie ...

  15. Die verhouding tussen kerk en staat: Enkele modelle met verwysing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ook ingaan op die vraag na die reg tot opstand teen die gesag van die staat soos dit in hierdie modelle beantwoord word. Ons wil eindig by die vraag na 'n teologiese model wat geskik is vir ons dag. 1. DIE TEOLOGIESE MODEL VAN DIE ROOMS-KATOLIEKE. KERK. Die Rooms-Katolieke Kerk se opvatting word bepaal ...

  16. Die stand van wiskundeonderwys in Afrikaanse skole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Stols

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoërordedenkvaardighede is noodsaaklike basiese vaardighede vir die een-en-twintigste eeu aangesien rekenaars berekeninge en algoritmes baie vinniger en akkurater kan doen as mense. Dit beteken dat skole leerders moet toerus om logies te dink, patrone te ontdek, bewyse te lewer, asook om nieroetineprobleme op te los. Hierdie fasette wat as hoërordedenke geklassifiseer word, is die kern van wiskundige denke en ontwikkeling. Suid-Afrika neem aan verskeie internasionaal vergelykende studies deel. Met behulp van hierdie vergelykende studies kan bepaal word hoe die Afrikaanse wiskundeleerders in Suid-Afrika se prestasie met dié van leerders in ander lande vergelyk en ook wat die tekortkominge in die wiskundeonderwys is. Volgens die 2003-TIMSS-uitslae is die probleem in Afrikaanse skole juis dié vrae wat hoërordedenke vereis. Dit beteken dat die Afrikaanse skole ’n doelbewuste poging sal moet aanwend om hoërordedenke te ontwikkel. Die 1999-TIMSS-videostudie toon dat die lande wat die beste presteer, soos Japan, tydens onderrig meer tyd wy aan die ontwikkeling van begripsvorming en aan die oplos van moeiliker probleme. Die fokus in die presterende lande is op die ontwikkeling van hoërordedenke deur probleemoplossing. Daar word dus minder tyd afgestaan aan herhaling van roetine- of soortgelyke oefeninge wat ’n rekenaar ook kan doen. Die omgekeerde hiervan is ’n tipiese verskynsel in Afrikaanse skole, waar ’n onderwyser byvoorbeeld een of meer voorbeelde op die bord doen waarna die leerders ’n hele aantal soortgelyke roetine-oefeninge doen.

  17. Evaluation of porosity in Al alloy die castings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Říhová

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mechanical properties of an Al-alloy die casting depend significantly on its structural properties. Porosity in Al-alloy castings is one of the most frequent causes of waste castings. Gas pores are responsible for impaired mechanical-technological properties of cast materials. On the basis of a complex evaluation of experiments conducted on AlSi9Cu3 alloy samples taken from the upper engine block which was die- cast with and without local squeeze casting it can be said that castings manufactured without squeeze casting exhibit maximum porosity in the longitudinal section. The area without local squeeze casting exhibits a certain reduction in mechanical properties and porosity increased to as much as 5%. However, this still meets the norms set by SKODA AUTO a.s.

  18. Understanding Polymer-Cell Attachment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venturato, Andrea; MacFarlane, Gillian; Geng, Jin; Bradley, Mark

    2016-12-01

    The development of polymeric materials with cell adhesion abilities requires an understanding of cell-surface interactions which vary with cell type. To investigate the correlation between cell attachment and the nature of the polymer, a series of random and block copolymers composed of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl acrylate and ethyl acrylate are synthesized through single electron transfer living radical polymerization. The polymers are synthesized with highly defined and controlled monomer compositions and exhibited narrow polydispersity indices. These polymers are examined for their performance in the attachment and growth of HeLa and HEK cells, with attachment successfully modeled on monomer composition and polymer chain length, with both cell lines found to preferentially attach to moderately hydrophobic functional materials. The understanding of the biological-material interactions assessed in this study will underpin further investigations of engineered polymer scaffolds with predictable cell binding performance. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. Attachment at work and performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neustadt, Elizabeth A; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian

    2011-09-01

    This paper examines the relations between self-reported attachment orientation at work and personality, self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence (aka emotional self-efficacy), and independently assessed career potential and job performance. Self-report data were collected from 211 managers in an international business in the hospitality industry; independent assessments of these managers' job performance and career potential were separately obtained from the organization. A self-report measure of romantic attachment was adapted for application in the work context; a two-factor solution was found for this measure. Secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work was positively related to self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and also to job performance. Not only was secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work statistically predictive of job performance, but the new measure also made a distinct contribution, beyond conscientiousness, to this prediction.

  20. Facilitating attachment after international adoption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Natalie L

    2009-01-01

    Americans have increasingly turned to international adoption (IA) as an alternative way to build a family. Unfortunately, IA families are often being developed under conditions of loss, and sometimes these families struggle to form healthy attachments to each other. Disordered attachment (the failure to form a reciprocal, loving bond between parent and child) can occur, and can have devastating consequences. In some instances, IA children have been relinquished into state foster care systems; other families simply struggle for years caring for a developmentally delayed child who appears to have no emotion for his/her adoptive family. Nurses are likely to have contact with IA families and can use their education about attachment and bonding to help facilitate attachment in these developing families. Swanson's caring theory provides a clinically useful guide to meet this need.

  1. Religious Conflict, Attachment, and Psychopathology

    OpenAIRE

    Counted, Victor

    2017-01-01

    The presentation explores an alternative interpretation of religious conflict as an aspect of attachment-psychopathology. Paper was shared at the Religion, Conflict, and Peace Summer School, University of Groningen.

  2. DUISTERNIS EN TOG LIG*. Gemeente van die Heer, Ons aandag ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    " aangespreek word. Maar ook hierdie opvatting stel nie tevrede nie. Ons moet liewer teruggaan na die beskouing van die eers te Christengemeente. Met die Kneg van die Heere word niemand anders bedoel as Jesus Christus, die Heer nie.

  3. Die naslaanpotensiaal van lemmakandidate vir ʼn ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kate H

    Afrikaans-woordeboek in die gedrukte medium plaas welbekende tradisionele beperkinge op die leksikograaf, waarvan die vernaamste dié op ruimte is. Gegee die konteks, teikengebruiker, gebruikersituasie en funksie van die woordeboek moet ...

  4. Attachment Narratives in Refugee Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Haene, L.; Dalgård, Nina Thorup; Montgomery, E.

    2013-01-01

    J Trauma Stress. 2013 Jun;26(3):413-7. doi: 10.1002/jts.21820. Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study.......J Trauma Stress. 2013 Jun;26(3):413-7. doi: 10.1002/jts.21820. Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study....

  5. Nadsat: Die ossilasie van leserbetrokkenheid en -afkeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha E. Ravyse

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel ondersoek die ossilasie tussen leserbetrokkenheid en -afkeer by die lees van A clockwork orange deur Anthony Burgess. Ek voer aan dat nadsat as doelgemaakte taal tot ’n toestand van leserbetrokkenheid lei, wat deur middel van ’n motiveringstruktuur van lees-vir-plesier ‘vloei’ in die leesproses bewerkstellig. Lesernuuskierigheid versterk die gevoel van vervulling wat die bemeestering van nadsat meebring, positief. Leserafkeer vind plaas met die verstaan vannadsat. Afkeer word veroorsaak deur die wreedaardigheid wat deur die nadsat-narratief gekommunikeer word. Hierdie afkeer veroorsaak egter nie dat die leser ophou met lees nie, maar dien as sensasiebeluste motivering om aan te hou met lees. Hierdie soort motivering word as negatiewe versterking beskou. Beide motiveringstrukture (positiewe en negatiewe versterkers veroorsaak die ossilasie tussen leserbetrokkenheid en -afkeer as deel van die leeservaring wat A clockwork orange bied. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die ossilasie tussen leserbetrokkenheid en -afkeer te verduidelik volgens die teoretiese raamwerke wat hierbo aangedui is.

  6. Bylaag tot ,,Koers": Die taak, grondslag en terrein van die plantfisiologie, met spesiale verwysing na plantfisiologiese navorsing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Botha

    1954-03-01

    Full Text Available Die natuurwetenskappe is vroeër in twee groepe ingedeel, nl. die verklarende en die beskrywende wetenskappe. Onder eersgenoemde groep het die Fisika en die Skeikunde geressorteer, terwyl die Geologie, die Plantkunde en die Dierkunde onder laasgenoemde groep geplaas is.

  7. Die spel van assosiasies in en om 'Die verlossing van die beeld' van Breyten Breytenbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.A. du Toit

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The play of association in and around 'The liberation of the image' by Breyten Breytenbach This analysis focuses on the conjunction of memory and imagination, which is an important impulse in, and key to, Breytenbach’s work. The play with language and with associations, the foregrounding, in the short story, “Die verlossing van die beeld” (Breytenbach, 1983 with its metafictional title and apparently divergent motifs (rain/water, watch, onion, the death and burial of a grandfather acts, as it were, as an invitation to the reader to become a co-player. The reader ventures on a search for traces, intertextual links within the Breytenbach oeuvre and for already acknowledged influences such as Surrealism (which in turn casts some light on the strange title of the story and the Eastern philosophies such as Zen and the even older Taoism. The analysis also takes into account the context in which “Mouroir” was written, namely Breytenbach’s term in prison (1975-1982. Seeing that the writer had to hand in his manuscripts to the jail authorities regularly, he might have decided, consciously or by intuition, to hide some thoughts and feelings behind a screen or a mask, in, for example in “Die verlossing van die beeld”, a lighter tone and irony.

  8. The thermal fatigue resistance of H-13 Die Steel for aluminum die casting dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    The effects of welding, five selected surface coatings, and stress relieving on the thermal fatigue resistance of H-13 Die Steel for aluminum die casting dies were studied using eleven thermal fatigue specimens. Stress relieving was conducted after each 5,000 cycle interval at 1050 F for three hours. Four thermal fatigue specimens were welded with H-13 or maraging steel welding rods at ambient and elevated temperatures and subsequently, subjected to different post-weld heat treatments. Crack patterns were examined at 5,000, 10,000, and 15,000 cycles. The thermal fatigue resistance is expressed by two crack parameters which are the average maximum crack and the average cracked area. The results indicate that a significant improvement in thermal fatigue resistance over the control was obtained from the stress-relieving treatment. Small improvements were obtained from the H-13 welded specimens and from a salt bath nitrogen and carbon-surface treatment. The other surface treatments and welded specimens either did not affect or had a detrimental influence on the thermal fatigue properties of the H-13 die steel.

  9. Die impak van tutoriale op die wiskundeprestasie van eerstejaarstudente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. G. Maree

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Studente uit histories-agtergeblewe gemeenskappe in Suid-Afrika onderpresteer dikwels in wiskunde vanweë ’n verskeidenheid faktore. Aksienavorsing wat aan die (voormalige Technikon Noord-Gauteng uitgevoer is, om ondersoek in te stel na wyses waarop hierdie studente se wiskundeprestasie verbeter kan word, het die implementering van ’n tutoriaalstelsel behels. Kwantitatiewe en kwalitatiewe data is deur middel van ’n verskeidenheid instrumente ingesamel. Die resultate het sekere tendense in tersiêre wiskundeonderrig, wat in ’n tweede of derde taal geskied, uitgewys.

    Abstract

    The impact of tutorials on achievement in mathematics of first year students

    Historically disadvantaged students in South Africa often underachieve in mathematics due to a number of factors. Action research that was conducted at the (former Technikon Northern Gauteng to investigate ways in which these students’ achievements in mathematics could be improved comprised the implementation of tutorial sessions. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered by means of a variety of instruments. The results revealed certain trends in tertiary mathematics education where learning takes place in a second or third language.

  10. Die Wissensgesellschaft und die Bildung des Subjekts - ein Widerspruch?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Hacke

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Der Beitrag untersucht, inwiefern sich medienpädagogisch relevante Diskrepanzen zwischen dem Diskurs der Wissensgesellschaft und jugendlichem Medienhandeln nachzeichnen lassen. Dazu werden zunächst einige Aspekte des Konstrukts Wissensgesellschaft skizziert, das in seiner gegenwärtig populären Form ins Fahrwasser an volkswirtschaftlichen Verwertungskalkülen orientierter Denkformen geraten ist. Dies wird in Bezug auf die sich daran gekoppelte Programmatik von Kompetenz diskutiert, welche den «homo oeconomicus» beschwört und sich darin konträr zu klassisch bildungstheoretischen Kategorien verhält. Weitergeführt werden diese Überlegungen anhand der Problematisierung des Medienkompetenztheorems, das sich bis heute damit schwer tut, sich von der Vereinnahmung durch zweckrationale und restringierende Tendenzen zu befreien. Argumentiert wird, dass mit Medienkompetenz zu wenig einer milieuspezifischen Differenzierung Rechnung getragen werden kann, die eine wichtige Prämisse für eine soziale Ungleichheiten ernst nehmende Medienpädagogik ist. Als eine Alternative diskutieren wir, inwieweit sich hier praxeologische Perspektiven zum Verständnis jugendlichen Handelns anbieten. Der Beitrag mündet in einige medienpädagogisch fruchtbare Ideen, in deren Zentrum eine reflexivere, stärker am Habitus von Jugendlichen orientierte Praxis steht.

  11. Die era van Suid-Afrika se militere hoogbloei met die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    -. Afrikaanse inmenging in .... Yaaldriehoekers is oak met die begrip die 'totale aanslag' teen Suid-Afrika bekend gemaak.26 Met die ..... Anon, "White flee violent Vaal Triangle", in Vaal Ster, 21-25 Feb 1994. Dagboek, J. Bergh ...

  12. Single crystalline PtSi nanowires, PtSi/Si/PtSi nanowire heterostructures, and nanodevices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yung-Chen; Lu, Kuo-Chang; Wu, Wen-Wei; Bai, Jingwei; Chen, Lih J; Tu, K N; Huang, Yu

    2008-03-01

    We report the formation of PtSi nanowires, PtSi/Si/PtSi nanowire heterostructures, and nanodevices from such heterostructures. Scanning electron microscopy studies show that silicon nanowires can be converted into PtSi nanowires through controlled reactions between lithographically defined platinum pads and silicon nanowires. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies show that PtSi/Si/PtSi heterostructure has an atomically sharp interface with epitaxial relationships of Si[110]//PtSi[010] and Si(111)//PtSi(101). Electrical measurements show that the pure PtSi nanowires have low resistivities approximately 28.6 microOmega.cm and high breakdown current densities>1x10(8) A/cm2. Furthermore, using single crystal PtSi/Si/PtSi nanowire heterostructures with atomically sharp interfaces, we have fabricated high-performance nanoscale field-effect transistors from intrinsic silicon nanowires, in which the source and drain contacts are defined by the metallic PtSi nanowire regions, and the gate length is defined by the Si nanowire region. Electrical measurements show nearly perfect p-channel enhancement mode transistor behavior with a normalized transconductance of 0.3 mS/microm, field-effect hole mobility of 168 cm2/V.s, and on/off ratio>10(7), demonstrating the best performing device from intrinsic silicon nanowires.

  13. Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Die-casting Alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Xiaodong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of strontium addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminum alloys 380 and 413 are researched. All samples are prepared through high pressure die-casting, and the effect of the sample’s thickness is also compared. The results indicate that the Sr addition can refine the metallographic microstructure of two alloys in different degrees, mainly to eutectic Si phase. The mechanical properties of the two alloys are improved slightly through Sr modification to the thin wall castings. The enhancement of mechanical properties is evident to the thick wall castings.

  14. Gold and silver/Si nanocomposite layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleps, Irina [National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies (IMT-Bucharest), P.O. Box 38-160, Bucharest (Romania)], E-mail: irinak@imt.ro; Danila, Mihai; Angelescu, Anca; Miu, Mihaela; Simion, Monica; Ignat, Teodora; Bragaru, Adina [National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies (IMT-Bucharest), P.O. Box 38-160, Bucharest (Romania); Dumitru, Lucia; Teodosiu, Gabriela [Institute of Biology, 296 Splaiul Independentei, P.O. Box 56-53, Bucharest, 060031 (Romania)], E-mail: biologie@ibiol.ro

    2007-09-15

    Ag and Au nanolayers were realised by physical and chemical deposition methods on porous silicon (PS) nanostructured surfaces for biomedical applications: support for living cells, biodegradable material for the slow release of drugs/minerals, and as a bioactive material for scaffolds. Au nanoparticles on nanocrystalline Si are widely used in increasing substrate biocompatibility properties. It has an electrochemical potential of + 0.332 mV and surface energy around 25 erg/cm{sup 2}, close to those of living tissues. The Au nanocrystallites orientation on nanocrystalline Si substrates is also of great interest for application in biochemistry; the Au (111)/nc-Si surface has a higher density of atoms compared with Au (100); this favours the attachment of a higher number of atoms and bio-molecules on the gold surface. Ag nanoparticles on nanocrystalline Si are important for the latter's anti-microbial properties. In minute concentrations, Ag is highly toxic to germs while relatively non-toxic to human cells. Microbes are unlikely to develop a resistance against silver, as they do against conventional and highly targeted antibiotics. The Au and Ag nanoparticles/silicon nanocomposite layers as-deposited and thermally treated were investigated by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and biological tests using eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell cultures. The experimental results sustain the use of Au/Si and Ag/Si or combined Ag/Au/Si nanocomposite structures as biocompatible and anti-microbial matrix.

  15. Modeling of high temperature- and diffusion-controlled die soldering in aluminum high pressure die casting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Domkin, Konstantin; Hattel, Jesper Henri; Thorborg, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    Soldering of cast alloys to the dies has been a continuing source of die surface damage in the aluminum die-casting industry. To reduce the repair and maintenance costs, an approach to modeling the damage and predicting the die lifetime is required. The aim of the present study is the estimation...... the die-casting industry. As an example, the model is applied to several cases of high pressure die casting (HPDC) where A380 alloy parts are cast in the H13 steel die. The predicted locations of the higher strength of soldering appear in the "hot spot" areas of the die surface in agreement...

  16. Skrifberoep in die vorming van etiese uitsprake, Deel 1: ’n Etiese verstaan van die vrou in die Bybel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriaan L. Rheeder

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Na 30 jaar kon die grammaties-historiese metode van Skrifondersoek nie daarin slaag om die etiese probleem van die vrou in die kerklike ampte (en homoseksualiteit in die GKSA op te los nie. Hierdie metode kan na alle waarskynlikheid nie meer as die enigste verklaringsmetode gebruik word nie en moet deur ander uitgangspunte aangevul word. In hierdie artikel word twee hermeneutiese uitgangspunte bespreek wat saam met die grammaties-historiese metode in die vertolking van die Skrif gebruik kan word. Hierdie hermeneutiese uitgangspunte sal gedemonstreer word in ‘n bespreking oor die etiese verstaan van die vrou in die Bybel, spesifiek soos dit op die vrou in kerklike ampte toegepas word. In aansluiting by laasgenoemde twee vertrekpunte word in ’n opvolgartikel ’n verdere drie hermeneutiese vertrekpunte behandel. Die twee hermeneutiese vertrekpunte wat in hierdie artikel behandel word, staan as reëldoelwit en analogie bekend. Die eerste hermeneutiese vertrekpunt gaan uit van die veronderstelling dat die reëldoelwit van ’n teks swaarder weeg as die teks self, terwyl analogie van die veronderstelling uitgaan dat analogie as beredenering ’n aanvaarbare en noodsaaklike vertrekpunt is. Bogenoemde hermeneutiese vertrekpunte (vyf in totaal is op twee aannames gegrond. Ten eerste word aanvaar dat die Bybel, alhoewel ’n goddelike boek, ’n besliste kreatuurlike kant het wat in die vertolking daarvan in ag geneem moet word. Tweedens word geredeneer dat die Skrif nie ’n  teologiese boek is nie, wat beteken dat gelowiges in etiese sake waaroor daar twee verstaansmoontlikhede bestaan, die reg gegun moet word om self die Skrif te vertolk. Daar word tot die  gevolgtrekking gekom dat ’n etiese verstaan van die vrou daartoe moet lei dat die vrou as gelykwaardig aan die man beskou en behandel moet word, met die gevolg dat die vrou tot alle ampte in die kerk toegelaat moet word. Appeal to Scripture in the formation of ethical judgments, Part 1: An

  17. Killing, letting die and euthanasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husak, D N

    1979-12-01

    Medical ethicists debate whether or not the moral assessment of cases of euthanasia should depend on whether the patient is 'killed' or 'allowed to die'. The usual presupposition is that a clear distinction between killing and letting die can be drawn so that this substantive question is not begged. I contend that the categorisation of cases of instances of killing rather than as instances of letting die depends in part on a prior moral assessment of the case. Hence is it trivially rather than substantively true that the distinction has moral significance. But even if a morally neutral (ie non-question begging) distinction could be drawn, its application to the euthanasia controversy is problematic. I illustrate the difficulties of employing this distinction to reach moral conclusions by critically discussing Philippa Foot's recent treatment of euthanasia. I conclude that even if an act of euthanasia is an instance of killing, and there exists a prima facie moral duty not to kill, and no more stringent duty overrides this duty, one still cannot determine such an act to be morally impermissible.

  18. Activating Attachments Reduces Memories of Traumatic Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Richard A; Foord, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    Emotional memories, and especially intrusive memories, are a common feature of many psychological disorders, and are overconsolidated by stress. Attachment theory posits that activation of mental representations of attachment figures can reduce stress and boost coping. This study tested the proposition that attachment activation would reduce consolidation of emotional and intrusive memories. Sixty-seven undergraduate students viewed subliminal presentations of traumatic and neutral images, which were preceded by subliminal presentations of either attachment-related images or non-attachment-related images; free recall and intrusive memories were assessed two days later. Participants with low avoidant attachment tendencies who received the attachment primes recalled fewer memories and reported fewer intrusions than those who received the non-attachment primes. Unexpectedly, those with high anxious attachment tendencies reported fewer memories. These findings generally accord with attachment theory, and suggest that consolidation of emotional memories can be moderated by activation of attachment representations.

  19. Activating Attachments Reduces Memories of Traumatic Images.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard A Bryant

    Full Text Available Emotional memories, and especially intrusive memories, are a common feature of many psychological disorders, and are overconsolidated by stress. Attachment theory posits that activation of mental representations of attachment figures can reduce stress and boost coping. This study tested the proposition that attachment activation would reduce consolidation of emotional and intrusive memories. Sixty-seven undergraduate students viewed subliminal presentations of traumatic and neutral images, which were preceded by subliminal presentations of either attachment-related images or non-attachment-related images; free recall and intrusive memories were assessed two days later. Participants with low avoidant attachment tendencies who received the attachment primes recalled fewer memories and reported fewer intrusions than those who received the non-attachment primes. Unexpectedly, those with high anxious attachment tendencies reported fewer memories. These findings generally accord with attachment theory, and suggest that consolidation of emotional memories can be moderated by activation of attachment representations.

  20. [Die Gründung...] / Anders Henriksson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henriksson, Anders

    2004-01-01

    Rets.: Karsten Brüggemann. Die Gründung der Republik Estland und das Ende des "Einen und unteilbaren Russland" : die Petrograder Front des Russischen Bürgerkrieges, 1918-1920. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2002

  1. Die ausbildung von wertbedeutungen im schuljugendalter*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siegfried Heusinger

    1978-12-01

    Full Text Available Die folgenden Darlegungen stützen sich auf Untersuchungsergebnisse des Verlassers zur Sprachentwicklung in der Ontogenese. Angeregt wurde die UnterSuchung durch die besonders in den letzten Jahren in mehreren Ländern verstärkt erhobenen Forderungen, nicht nur die Sprache des Klein­ kindes, sondern vornehmlich den Entwicklungsstand der Schülersprache auf den einzelnen Klassenstufen zu erforschen und den Prozeß der Sprachentwicklung des Schülers genauer zu bestimmen. Die Forderungen sind (so z. B. in der DDR durch das Bestreben motiviert, weitere wissenschaftliche Voraussetzungen für die Verbesserung der muttersprachlichen Bildung und Erzliehung zu schaffen. Es geht also vor allem um Bedürfnisse des Muttersprachunterrichts, die aus der gesellschaftlichen Bedeutung der Sprache überhaupt und den steigenden Anforderungen an die gesellschaftliche Kommunikation insbesondere erwachsen.

  2. NORMERING IN DIE AFRIKAANSE RADIO- EN TELEVISIEDIENS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    soortnaam plus soortnaam" kan albei komponente in Engels. 'n hoofletter kry, in Afrikaans slegs die eerste lid. Vergelyk Cash. Sale,. Kontantultverkoping. Uit 'n reklame-oogpunt Is die Engelse model bulgsamer, funksioneler en doelmatiger as ...

  3. Thermal fatigue behavior of H-13 die steel for aluminum die casting with various ion sputtered coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieh, C. Y.; Wallace, J. F.

    1981-01-01

    Sputtered coatings of Mo, W, Pt, Ag, Au, Co, Cr, Ni, Ag + Cu, Mo + Pt, Si3N4, A1N, Cr3C2, Ta5Si3, and ZrO2 were applied to a 2-inch-square, 7-inch-long thermal fatigue test specimen which was then internally water cooled and alternately immersed in molten aluminum and cooled in air. After 15,000 cycles the thermal fatigue cracks at the specimen corners were measured. Results indicate that a significant improvement in thermal fatigue resistance was obtained with platinum, molybdenum, and tungsten coatings. Metallographic examination indicates that the improvement in thermal fatigue resistance resulted from protection of the surface of the die steel from oxidation. The high yield strength and ductility of molybdenum and tungsten contributed to the better thermal fatigue resistance.

  4. Die Ehe spaziert nicht auf der Strasse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Nieberle

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Caroline Arni rekonstruiert die Ehe und die Erfahrungen in der Ehe von ihrem Ende her, indem sie Scheidungsakten aus Bern um 1900 untersucht und auswertet. Aus diesen Analysen des „offenkundigen Unglücks“ wird hervorragend nachvollziehbar, wie eine soziokulturelle Institution in die Krise geriet, die im Laufe des 20. Jahrhunderts von Lebensformen wie Lebenspartnerschaften und patchwork families Konkurrenz bekam. Arni gelingt es, aus staubigen Aktenbergen eine kurzweilige und überaus forschungsinnovative Studie zu gewinnen.

  5. Die uitbeelding van die vrou in Huisgenoot (1963 en 2013: ’n Multimodale diskoersanalise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susann H. Marais

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Die standpunt dat die mens en die media in ’n verhouding van wedersydse beïnvloeding staan, sowel as die studie wat die kulturele konseptualisering van vroulikheid in twee Huisgenoot-uitgawes (1953 en 2003 ondersoek, geld as uitgangspunt vir dié studie. Hierdie studie het ten doel om te bepaal of daar ’n verskil is in die uitbeelding van die vrou in die Huisgenoot uitgawes van onderskeidelik 1963 en 2013. Volgens navorsing werk die visuele beeld en geskrewe teks saam om ’n boodskap oor te dra. Multimodale diskoersanalise (MDA word juis gebruik om beide visuele beeld en geskrewe teks te bestudeer. Sodoende word die metode van intersemiotiese komplementariteit binne MDA in hierdie studie gebruik. Die studie kom tot die gevolgtrekking dat die uitbeelding van die ideale vrou se verantwoordelikhede uitgebrei is, maar dat die vrou se rol tóg tot sekere ruimtes beperk word, soos die sigbaarheid van die moeder-stereotipe weerspieël.

  6. Die waarde van voorafopleiding deur die ouer vir pedo-oudiometrie by drie- en vierjarige kleuters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merisa Lodewyckx

    1981-11-01

    Full Text Available Die verkryging van akkurate, betroubare inligting aangaande die gehoorvermoë van jong kinders is van besondere belang vir die oudioloog, maar word dikwels bemoeilik aangesien die kleuter nie goeie samewerking bied in die vreemde pedo-oudiometriese situasie nie. Die oplossing hiervoor is grootliks geleë in die opleiding van die kind voor formele  gehoortoetsing en meer spesifiek  opleiding tuis deur die ouer. Die doel van hierdie studie was om 'n voorbereidende program op te stel wat die ouer tuis met die kind kan uitvoer, voordat formele  toetsing plaasvind. Die waarde en effek van hierdie program in die pedo-oudiometriese situasie is geevalueer by 'n groep drie- en vierjarige kleuters. Resultate dui daarop dat laer en meer akkurate drempels, 'n korter toetstydperk, verminderde angs en beter samewerking verkry is by die kleuters wat vooraf  opleiding ontvang het. Die opleidingsprogram kan dus in die kliniese praktyk benut word as voorafopleiding  vir pedo-oudiometrie.

  7. Enkele opmerkings oor ’n paar sake van die eskatologie n.a.v. Die millenium en die herstel van Israel geskryf deur ds. J. J. Engelbrecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. H. P. Wijnbeek

    1977-05-01

    Full Text Available Daar kom so stadig maar seker tog meer aandag vir die eskatologie. Dinge wat die mense prikkel om hieroor na te dink, is die politieke en militêre suksesse van die staat Israel; die sg. tekens van die eindtyd, nl. oorloë, veral aardbewings, ens., en derdens woordvoerders uit die ekologie. Hier bedoel ek die voortdurende stemme oor oorbevolking, wêreldvoeding, energie en grondstowwe en omgewingsbesoedeling.

  8. Eenheid en differensiasie in die onderwys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Schutte

    1962-03-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie tenia van die interíakultêre lesings sny in werkliklieid oor alle fakulteite lieen en is ’11 probleem wal by elke dissipliiie ontstaan, sonder twyfel by almal wat met die mens en met levve te doen het, maar ook by die fisiese wetenskappe waar met die lewelosc skepping gewerk word. Waar ons in ons land en veral in Transvaal deesdae voortdurend te doen het met differensiasie in die onderwys, met A-, B- en C-bane, is hierdie beginsel van eenheid en verskeidenheid, van eeridersheid en ver- skillendbeid, van integrasie en differensiasie, van verdeelde beheer in die onderwys en van ’11 eenheidsheleid en -beheer, van nasionale en inter- nasionale onderwys, van verskillende skooltipes en van komprehensiewe skole e.d.m., voortdurend in die nuus. Saam met die eenheid en differen­ siasie in die volkewêreld van Afrika, is die probleem in die onderwys seker die popnlêrste; dis byna reeds gemeen|laas.

  9. TAALNORMERING IN DIE SKOOL - 'N ONDERWYSER SE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'n saak te dink en besluite te neem nie), om maar 'n paar te noem, is taaltipes wat die skolier behoort te kan identifiseer. Hy behoort dit voorts te kan beoordeel volens die norme waartoe onder andere sy onderwyser hom gelei het. (iii). Die kind behoort sy taal (as kultuurbesit) te wil verbeter. Tauli. (1968:9) glo dat omdat taal ...

  10. DIE VROU IN UNIFORM: STANDPUNTE EN BESKOUINGE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dahlia Raz, bevelhebber van die Israeliese. Vrouekorps, dat vroue dit weer sal kan doen indien omstandighede dit sou vereis. Hoewel die gesamentlike magte van die Ver- enigde State van Amerika meer vroue in posisies aanwend wat met aktiewe diens verband hou as enige land, word in plaaslike kringe allerwee.

  11. Die ontwerp van ʼn Afrikaanse taakgebaseerde rekenaaronderrig ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kate H

    benadering bespreek is, word daar op Mayer (2009, 2011) se kognitiewe teorie van multimedia- leer gefokus. Dit dien as vertrekpunt vir die tweede vakgebied, naamlik rekenaargesteunde taalonderrig (RGTO) wat verder in hierdie artikel bespreek word. Hierdie teorie verskaf die agtergrond vir enige aktiwiteit wat op die ...

  12. Wohnungen für die Zukunft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Birgit; Rindel, Jens Holger

    1996-01-01

    heute bekannt, welche Anforderungshöhe eingehalten werden sollte, um die meisten Bewohner zufriedenzustellen. Die Mehrkosten hängen von der Gebäudekonstruktion ab, wobei es Beispiele neuer Bauweisen mit erhöhtem Schallschutz gibt, die gleichzeitig preisgünstiger als Gebäude in herkömmlicher Bauweise zu...

  13. Die gelykenisse van Jesus: Klassifikasie en prediking*^

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aristoteles, tussen vergelyking en metafoor en na aanleiding hiervan tussen enersyds vergelyking, gelykenis (= parabel) en voorbeeldver- telling en andersyds metafoor en allegorie. Hierdie klassieke klassifi- kasie het sedertdien sterk onder die spervuur gekom. Van die kant van die nuwe-hermeneutici (bv Ernst Fuchs) is ...

  14. Die Sentrum vir Voortgesette Teologiese Toerusting, Fakulteit ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    soos Rusland, Frankryk, Kanada en Australië gebruik word (Hahn 1982:1). Ten einde funksioneel te bly in die gemeenskap wat hy bedien, kan geen univer- siteit vandag anders nie as om met die dinamiek en behoefte van die tegniese- wetenskaplike, sosio-ekonomiese en politieke omgewing rekening te hou en dit.

  15. Leibniz und die Psychophysik des Gehirns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Tuinen (Sjoerd)

    2011-01-01

    textabstract1. Das Gehirn als Medium allen Denkens Die Probleme der Philosophie sind laut Deleuze niemals von sich aus philosophisch. Bereits eine Antwort auf die Frage Was ist Philosophie? setzt ein nicht-philosophisches 'Bild des Denkens' voraus, eine Art absoluten Hintergrund, in den die

  16. uniform van die staatspresidentswag - herkoms en tradisie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A blue uniform was inter alia proposed in 1980 but finally rejected by the Prime Minister in 1984. Instructions were issued to put forth new ideas. All the arguments in ..... In 1896 Is die rang van kommandant van die Staatsartlllerie verhoog tot die van lultenant-kolonel. Henning Pretorlus, father and first commandant of the.

  17. Straatsburg en artikel 2 van die dordtse kerkorde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. F. Schulze

    1966-03-01

    Full Text Available In art. 2 K.O. word daar vier soorte kerklike dienste on dcrskei, nl. „dié van die bedienaars van die Woord, dié van die professore aan die teologiese skool, die van die ouderlinge, en dié van die diakens”.

  18. Geskiedsfilosofie in 'n krisis: Die noodwendigheid en aktualiteit van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dat Thomas Hobbes in die tradisie van die Nominahsme staan nie. Samevattend kan ons stel dat die teologiese bankrotskap van die geskiedsfilosofie daarin gelee is dat hy verbind gebly het aan die ver- kapte en uitgediende konsepte van wat breedweg genoem kan word die 'Chiliastiese onderstroming' in die Christelike ...

  19. Die skrywer. Esta Steyn. Kaapstad: Tafelberg, 2012. 214 pp. ISBN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ningsromans in Duits, is die Christelike ele- mente en die humor. Die straatslim Anabella wat twee plaaswerkers aansê om nie die Here se naam te misbruik nie, toon kenmerke van die heldin in 'n Afrikaanse liefdesverhaal. Hierdie roman sal byval vind by lesers wat. Esta Steyn se vorige romans geniet het. Die humor in die ...

  20. Attachment for mass exchange apparatus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maksimenko, M.Z.; Maksimenko, M.M.; Prokopov, O.I.

    1982-01-01

    An attachment is proposed which contains a cylindrical housing in which the windows are profiled with inward bent windows. In order to improve the effectiveness of the attachment by increasing its surface, and mobility, the ends of the housing are equipped with inner annular partitions with radial cross sections. The sections of the partitions between them are bent inwards towards the forming housing in series, from the side of each section. The inward-bent sections of the partitions and the edges are directed to one side or to different sides.