WorldWideScience

Sample records for shikisai ninchi ya

  1. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 3 (2) 'Color cognition of the world's youth' analysis and mapping; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 3 kan (2) 'sekai no seinen no shikisai ninchi chosa' shiryohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the youth of main 20 cities of the world including Japan, aiming at clarifying characteristics of the color sense and at constructing a color-related global database and studying how to use it. This data is the results of the analyses and mapping. The following were included as data: calculational results of the mapping by country (all items), calculational results of the similarity analysis of countries (regions), regional clusters of color taste and characteristics of each cluster, international comparison of memory color in the natural world, analysis of regional difference in warm-cold/light-heavy/loud-quiet images, analysis of color association data by language, analysis of image maps by factor analysis, regional difference in color association concerning 15 languages, analysis of regional difference in color association data by language, analysis of regional difference in colors which have been most enjoyed/colors peculiar to cities, international comparison of evaluation of 2-color coloring matching degrees, and international comparison of evaluation of coloring matching degrees. (NEDO)

  2. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 2 'Color cognition of the world's youth' statistical graphs; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 2 kan 'sekai no seinen no shikisai ninchi chosa' zu to hyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the youth of main 20 cities of the world including Japan, aiming at clarifying characteristics of the color sense and at constructing a color-related global database and studying how to use it. In Part 1 of this data, the results of the data collection were indicated in graphs by total/by male/by female of the world, in graphs of comparison by country, and in column graphs by country. In Part 2, a list of the order of the colors ranking from No. 1 to No. 6 which totally occupy 70% of all the colors was shown by total/by male/by female. In Part 3, characteristics of images by color were indicated in graphs by color (radar graph, etc.) (NEDO)

  3. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 3 (1) 'Color cognition of the world's youth' analysis and mapping; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 3 kan (1) 'sekai no seinen no shikisai ninchi chosa' bunseki kekka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the youth of main 20 cities of the world including Japan, aiming at clarifying characteristics of the color sense and at constructing a color-related global database and studying how to use it. This data is the results of the analyses. In the analysis of all items, the following were indicated: color mapping by country, analysis of similarity of countries, relations between 'the survey of the world's youth' and the internet survey, etc. In the analysis of each item, the following were shown: regional difference in color of hair/color of pupil/color taste, analysis of life color, analysis of memory color in the natural world, warm-cold/light-heavy/loud-quiet images and color taste, analysis of color association data by language, regional difference in colors which have been most enjoyed/regional difference in colors peculiar to cities, and analysis of regional difference in evaluation of coloring matching degrees. (NEDO)

  4. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 1 'Color cognition of the world's youth' statistical tables; Shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 1 kan 'sekai no seinen no shikisai ninchi chosa' shukeihyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the youth of main 20 cities of the world including Japan, aiming at clarifying characteristics of the color sense and at constructing a color-related global database and studying how to use it. It was carried out in a questionnaire survey method from November 1995 to August 1996 at schools/research institutes of 20 countries of the world described below: Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Laos, Singapore, India, Bangladesh, Canada, U.S.A., Brazil, Russia, Finland, Netherlands, Germany, France, Portugal, Italy, Australia and New Zealand. The number of participants in the survey was 5375 including 2550 men and 2825 women. (NEDO)

  5. FY1995 formation of a global database of color-related sensory values such as color cognition and color emotions and the research and development of a multimedia system for feedback of such values onto the color design of products and living environments; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Research was conducted with the aim of provide small and medium enterprises as well as consumers with (1) information concerning color on a global scale and (2) technical support for the color planning of homes and apparel. (1) In 20 major countries (23 regions), color-related sensory evaluations were carried out and simultaneous fact-finding studies to investigate the use of colors in homes and apparel were conducted, after which a database was built containing color information according to country (region). (2) Using the above data together with data from color evaluation experiments, a model formula was obtained for measuring the amenity of colors. (3) This formula was employed to develop software for evaluating the amenity of colors by computer. (4) A multimedia system was built that permits shared use of the results of (1) through (3) above. (NEDO)

  6. Research and development in fiscal 1995 on a multi-media system to structure an international database on sensual values for colors including color recognition and color sensation, and to reflect them on color design of products and living environment. Data collection, volume No.5 (result of analysis on color statistics); 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 5 kan (shikisai tokei bunseki kekka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    This paper describes research and development on a multi-media system to structure an international database on sensual values for colors, and to reflect them on color design of products and living environment. Among the works, the color statistics graphs and the analysis result data collections are summarized as the volume No.5. The summary includes analytical materials such as bar graphs for the result of calculation as the color statistics, a list of color order by items, and mapping. The countries subjected to the research and development cover almost all of the world, and the subjects were divided into exterior, interior and fashion. Discussions were given on difference between regions by preparing maps of colors and maps of the regions to identify regional difference by appearance elements (roofs and walls) of buildings as the exterior (streets of the world). The elements of the analyzed exterior consist of seven elements: road surface, roofs, outer walls, window frames, window doors, doors and verandah. As the analytical method, the third category quantification analysis was performed from the calculation table, on which category weights and sample scores were plotted. (NEDO)

  7. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 4 'Color statistics' tables; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 4 kan 'shikisai tokei' shukeishu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    Surveys made on 'color statistics' in countries/regions of the world were collected and arranged. In the survey of 'exterior,' investigators were sent to 35 cities and took pictures there. Looking at the pictures, they recorded in the table the names of the colors selected from color samples. In the survey of 'interior' and 'fashion,' the pictures of the magazines bought in Japan were sorted in each city, and the color in each item of the table was selected from the 1995 sample book of coating use standard colors of Japan Paint Manufacturers Association. In the survey of streets in major cities of the world/exterior, colors of the following were described: road surface, roof, outer wall, window frame, door, verandah, bench, public telephone, trash can, bus, train, car, fence, chimney, etc. In the survey of interior, colors of the following: gate, passage, living room, dining room, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, nursery, study, etc. In the survey of fashion, colors of the casual, sporty, formal and business clothes of teens-thirties, etc. (NEDO)

  8. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 6 Analysis results of experiments; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 6 kan shikisai hyoka jikken no bunseki kekka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    This data is the results of the analysis on the color evaluation experiment. In the analysis of an experiment on 'single color image evaluation,' described were the average evaluation value by sex, profile of each color, position of each color in image space, etc. In the 2-color coloring evaluation, the experiment on 2-color coloring matching degree evaluation, analysis of factors determining the matching degree, comparison between the results of the coloring matching feeling experiment and the results of the survey of the world's youth, results of the analysis of difference in country, etc. In the analysis of the color simulation experiment, the experiment on 3-color coloring matching degree evaluation, relations between the area ratio and the matching degree of coloring stimulation, etc. In the experiment on evaluation of the matching degree of interior/exterior/fashion stimulation, 28 types of combination of colors of lipstick/suit/blouse, combination of suit/sweater/wall face of architecture, combination of sofa/floor/carpet, combination of wall/bed, evaluation of the matching degree of street colors (street stimulation), etc. (NEDO)

  9. Research and development of a color-related global database of sensory values concerning color cognition, color emotions, etc. and the multimedia system to feedback it into products and living environment. FY 1995 data book 7 Color amenity calculating system; 1995 nendo shikisai ninchi ya shikisai kanjo nado, shikisai ni taisuru kannochi no kokusaiteki database no kochiku to, sore wo seihin oyobi seikatsu kankyo no shikisai sekkei ni han'eisaseru multimedia system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shiryoshu dai 7 kan shikisai kaitekido keisan system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    A color amenity calculating system was developed. The paper described the details, calculating method, verification, etc. of the system. This calculating system automatically calculates the score of amenity for color of the specified image, and the application field is 'exterior/appearance of building and streets,' 'interior,' and 'fashion.' Elements composing color amenity are the matching degree, familiarity, lightness, brightness and unity of colors. The weighed average value of these becomes general color amenity. Based on 'the survey of the world's youth,' color amenity is calculated by area, assuming that people in 23 areas of 20 countries in the world have different amenity by male/by female. In the system, objects are called up by 'input of stimulus,' and color information of images is numerated by 'measurement of color distribution.' In 'selection of parameters,' it is clarified whom the amenity is for (by country/by sex). The calculation is made instantaneously, indicating the result on the screen. (NEDO)

  10. Maendeleo ya Fasihi ya Kiswahili ya Watoto nchini Tanzania na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fasihi ya Kiswahili ya watoto kama taaluma haina muda mrefu katika historia ya fasihi ya Kiswahili. Ikilinganishwa na fasihi ya watu wazima ambayo ilianza muda mrefu, na pia tafiti nyingi kufanyika katika mataifa mengi, fasihi ya watoto inaonekana kuwa imetelekezwa kwa muda mrefu kutokana na kutokupewa umuhimu ...

  11. Mbinu na Mikakati ya Kutumia Fasihi ya Watoto kama Bibliotherapia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mbinu na Mikakati ya Kutumia Fasihi ya Watoto kama Bibliotherapia. Pamela M.Y. Ngugi. Abstract. Katika ulimwengu wa sasa, sanaa ya uchoraji, dansi, muziki na hata fasihi imechukuliwa kama aina moja ya tiba kwa wagonjwa wanaougua magonjwa mbalimbali. Wataalamu wa tiba-therapia wameanza kutumia fasihi ...

  12. Jing-Ya Cao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Jing-Ya Cao. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 5 July 2017 pp 64. Geochemistry and geochronology of the mafic dikes in the Taipusi area, northern margin of North China Craton: Implications for Silurian tectonic evolution of the Central ...

  13. Fasihi ya wototo katika kutekeleza mahitaji ya mtoto kisaikolojia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fasihi ya wototo katika kutekeleza mahitaji ya mtoto kisaikolojia. Pamela M.Y. Ngugi. Abstract. Lengo la makala haya ni kubainisha umuhimu wa fasihi ya watoto katika kutekeleza mahitaji yao kisaikolojia. Katika kufanya hivi tumezingatia masuala mbalimbali yanayohusu sifa bainifu za watoto pamoja na kujadili vipengele ...

  14. Maadili Ya Utafiti | Mukuthuria | Kiswahili

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maadili ni kaida zinazoelekeza tabia zetu katika mahusiano yetu ya kila siku na wenzetu (taz. Mathooko na wenzie, 2007:15). Katika utafiti, maadili ni uwajibikaji na uwelekevu kitabia kuhusiana na haki za wale wote tunaotangamana nao katika utafiti, uwelekevu katika nia na malengo ya utafiti na jinsi ya kutumia matokeo ...

  15. Science, Technology, and YA Lit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemmons, Karina; Sheehy, Colleen

    2011-01-01

    Science teachers today need engaging projects to help students build 21st-century skills (NSTA 2011). Contemporary young adult literature (YA lit) can form the basis of one such project. YA lit--a genre of fiction geared toward 2 to 20-year-olds--opens a powerful avenue to connect with students and cover science topics in greater depth. YA lit is…

  16. Nadharia ya Ubaada-ukoloni katika Tamthilia ya Amezidi (1995) ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanaonesha nadharia ya Ubaada-ukoloni jinsi inavyojidhihirisha katika tamthilia ya Amezidi. Katika uchambuzi huu, nadharia hii inafafanuliwa kwa undani kwa kuangalia waasisi wake, mawazo makuu ya nadharia hii kwa ujumla pamoja na ujitokezaji wa nadharia hii katika kazi za fasihi. Makala haya ...

  17. utandawazi na dhima ya kiswahili kama lugha ya afrika mashariki

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kutokana na kusambaa huko katika matumizi inawezekana neno “utandawazi” likawa na maana zinazotofautiana kidogo kutoka uwanja hadi uwanja. Katika kutazama fasili mbalimbali za neno hilo, makala hii inabainisha kuwa tunaweza kujua ipi ni dhana ya msingi ambayo huzingatiwa hata kama pengine maelezo ya ...

  18. Introducing Tlhalosi ya Medi ya Setswana: The Design and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the design elements of a recently published monolingual Setswana dictionary, Tlhalosi ya Medi ya Setswana (Otlogetswe 2012), the fourth main Setswana monolingual dictionary to appear. The paper situates the dictionary within a recent, but growing Setswana monolingual dictionary tradition whose ...

  19. BAADHI YA VIPINGAMIZI VYA KIUTAWALA VYA KUTUMIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baadhi ya mapendekezo hayo ni; utekelezaji wa programu ya mwaka 1999, kuanzisha shule chache za sekondari za majaribio zitakazotumia Kiswahili kama lugha ya kufundishia na kuunda sheria zitakazohimiza matumizi ya Kiswahili. Aidha, marekebisho ya katiba yazingatie umuhimu wa Kiswahili kama lugha ya Taifa ...

  20. Riwaya ya Kiswahili kama Tahakiki ya Jamii Baada-ukoloni ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kwa nini maovu kama dhuluma, ufisadi na utawala mbaya yanazidi kuenea? Jawabu la maswali haya na mengine mengi, linahusiana na historia yetu, hasa kutawaliwa kikoloni. Waandishi wengi wa riwaya ya Kiswahili wanashughulikia athari hizi za ukoloni katika jamii zao. Hili ndilo suala ambalo makala haya yanajadili ...

  1. Msigano wa Majina ya 'Walemavu' katika Jamii ya Wazungumzaji ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Majina kama vile kilema, kiwete, kipofu, zeruzeru, asiyesikia na mengineyo ni baadhi ya majina ambayo wazungumzaji wamekuwa wakiyatumia kwa muda mrefu (yaani tangu zamani za kale) lakini kwa upande mwingine wanaoitwa majina hayo wamekuwa wakiyakataa. Makala haya yanachunguza msigano wa majina ...

  2. Mikakati ya Uchambuzi wa Fasihi ya Watoto: Mtazamo wa Upokezi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    “Fasihi ni kama ndovu, nasi kama wafasili tunaweza kugusa sehemu mbalimbali za mwili wake kujua alivyo ndovu huyu. Kila mara tunapofanya hivyo, tunagundua jambo jipya. Unapomgusa ndovu huyu leo wakati mikono yako imejaa maji au ina unyevunyevu au hata baada ya miaka mingi, unapata kumjua kwa njia ...

  3. Dhima ya Mianzo na Miisho katika Nathari za Kiswahili za Fasihi ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fasihi ya watoto hutofautiana na fasihi ya watu wazima katika maudhui, fani, mawanda, walengwa na hata umri. Pamoja na kutofautiana huko, bado dhima ya fasihi inabaki ileile ya kufundisha, kuburudisha, kuonya, kuadibu, kurithisha amali za jamii na kadhalika. Wataalamu mbalimbali wa fasihi wakiwapo waandishi, ...

  4. Fasihi ya Kiswahili na rushwa Tanzania: Thomas A. R. Kamugisha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala hii inajaribu kuelezea mchango wa fasihi ya Kiswahili katika kuijadili rushwa. Kwa kurejea kwenye Riwaya ya Thomas A.R. Kamugisha Kitu Kidogo tu! makala hii inasawilisha miongo takribani mitatu ya dhana ya “kitu kidogo” na athari zake kwa jamii ya Tanzania. Kwa kuijadili riwaya ya Kitu Kidogo tu! makala hii ...

  5. Utayarishaji Wa Vitabu Vya Kufundishia Kiswahili Kama Lugha Ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Utayarishaji Wa Vitabu Vya Kufundishia Kiswahili Kama Lugha Ya Kigeni: Haja Ya Kuzingatia Mkabala Wa Mawasiliano. PCK Mtesigwa. Abstract. Makala haya yanakusudia kutoa misingi muhimu ya utayarishaji wa vitabu vya kufundishia lugha ya Kiswahili kama Lugha ya Kigeni. Kwanza yanataja kwa ufupi malengo ya ...

  6. Muundo wa Mashairi katika Diwani ya Mnyampala (1965) na Nafasi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala hii pia inadadisi namna mbinu za kimuundo zilivyofanikisha usawiri na ubainishaji wa falsafa ya mtunzi kuhusu ushairi wa Kiswahili na nafasi ya ushairi katika jamii. Makala imeanza kwa kugusia usuli wa historia ya ushairi wa Kiswahili, historia fupi ya maisha ya Mathias Mnyampala na nadharia yake kuhusu ...

  7. Kupokelewa Zaidi Kwa Simu Ya Mkononi Kuliko Kompyuta Na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mtandao wa tovuti ni nyenzo ya msingi katika maendeleo ya uwanja wa mawasiliano unaounganisha watu na jamii mbalimbali katika ulimwengu wa leo unaotandawaa. Katika “ulimwengu wa kwanza na wa pili”, yaani mabara ya Amerika, Uropa na Asia, maendeleo na mapinduzi makubwa katika uwanja wa teknolojia ya ...

  8. Kauli za utendwa/utendewa katika tamthilia za Machozi ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kazi hii ni ya utafiti wa kiisimu mitindo unaolenga kulinganisha na kulinganua kazi mbili za tamthiliya za Kiswahili ambazo ni Heshima Yangu (Muhando, 1974) na Machozi ya Mwanamke (Ngozi, 1977). Kwanza, makala inachunguza matumizi ya kauli za utendwa/utendewa katika tamthiliya hizi ili kujua kama ni ya hiari au ...

  9. BAKITA NA LUGHA YA KUFUNDISHIA | BAKITA | Kioo cha Lugha

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BAKITA NA LUGHA YA KUFUNDISHIA. Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa BAKITA. Abstract. Makala haya yanatoa maelezo mafupi ya matukio muhimu kuhusu suala la kutumia Kiswahili kama lugha ya kufundishia sekondari na vyuo katika kipindi baina ya mwaka 1967 mpaka 2000. Makala yanaeleza dhima na shughuli za ...

  10. Hadhi ya Kiswahili na watumiaji wake katika utandawazi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Katika Taifa la Tanzania, mathalani, Kiswahili kimewakusanya na kuwajumuisha pamoja watu wa makabila zaidi ya 150 – kikitumika kama lugha ya mawasiliano inayoeleweka na watu wote. Hii si ajabu, ikizingatiwa kuwa, kwa silika yake, Kiswahili ni lugha unganishi, yaani yenye hulka ya kuunganisha, na siyo ya ...

  11. The Particle "ya" in Colloquial Singapore English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wee, Lionel

    2010-01-01

    It has been recently argued that the particles in Colloquial Singapore English (CSE) constitute a grammatical category that actively draws new members to it. Drawing on distributional and collocational evidence, this paper establishes that CSE has a new particle, "ya". The paper then proceeds to analyse the discourse pragmatic function…

  12. Ya B Zeldovich (1914 –1987)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chemist, Nuclear Physicist, Cosmologist. Varun Sahni. Keywords. Ya B Zeldovich, cosmology, black holes, expanding universe, cosmic web. Varun Sahni did his PhD in Moscow State Univer- sity under the supervision ... depth of Zeldovich's questioning and his deep interest in science soon reached senior members of the ...

  13. Ufundishaji wa Kusoma na Kuandika Kiswahili: Uzoefu wa Idara ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanahusu shughuli za kufundisha Kiswahili kama lugha ya kigeni katika Chuo Kikuu cha Sebha nchini Libya. Kwanza inaeleza historia ya Kiswahili – yaani kilianza lini kufundishwa kwa madhumuni gani na nani walikuwa wanzilishi. Halikadhalika makala ya naeleza utaratibu uliowekwa na idara ili kuweza ...

  14. KISWAHILI AU KIINGEREZA? SIASA NA LUGHA MUAFAKA YA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Madhumuni ya makala hii ni kuonyesha kuwa wataalam wenye wajibu wa kushughulikia tatizo la utayari wa Kiswahili katika elimu walishamaliza kazi yao zamani na wakabainisha kuwa, kwa Tanzania, Kiswahili kikitumika mara moja katika mfumo mzima wa elimu badala ya Kiingereza au lugha nyingine, mabadiliko ya ...

  15. Kiswahili kama Nyenzo ya Maendeleo Nchini Kenya | Mukuthuria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ukuzaji na uendelezaji wa Kiswahili kama lugha ya taifa nchini Kenya ni lengo la taifa ambalo bado halijapewa kipaumbele kinachostahili. Hata hivyo, tangu Kenya ilipojinyakulia uhuru, matumizi ya lugha hii yamepevuka kinyume na matarajio ya wengi, kiasi kwamba, kwa sasa, mchango wake katika kufanikisha ...

  16. Nafasi ya Fasihi katika Kusawiri Suala la Dini | Malugu | Kiswahili

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanatalii maana ya dini, na pia yanatalii kazi sita za fasihi jinsi zinavyolisawiri suala zima la dini kwa njia ambayo inatufanya tuhoji ni ipi nafasi ya dini kwa mwanadamu? Na je, ni kweli dini ni asasi timilifu kama ambavyo imekuwa ikichukuliwa na wanajamii? Haya ni baadhi tu ya maswali yaliyochochea ...

  17. Fantasia Katika Fasihi ya Kiswahili kwa Watoto | Herman | Kioo cha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Katika kutumia lugha na mbinu nyingine za kisanaa katika kufikisha ujumbe kwa jamii, hasa ya watoto, wakati mwingine kuna kuvuka mipaka ya uhalisia kwa kuhusisha wahusika na mambo ya kinjozinjozi au kifantasia kwa makusudi. Mtindo huu wa kutumia fantasia katika kazi za fasihi ni kinyume kabisa na wanataaluma ...

  18. Majukumu ya Wahusika Wanawake katika Tendi teule za Kiswahili ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Utendi ni mojawapo ya tanzu za fasihi ya Kiswahili ulio na historia ndefu. Miongoni mwa tendi hizi ni Utendi wa Mwanakupona, Utendi wa Fumo Liyongo, Utendi wa Swifa ya Nguvumali, Utendi wa Ngamia na Paa, na Utendi wa Mikidadi na Mayasa au Utendi wa Qiyama. Tendi hizi huwa na sifa zinazolandana upande wa ...

  19. Uhistoria katika Riwaya ya Kiswahili: Mifano kutoka riwaya za ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanaangalia kwa kina namna uhistoria unavyojitokeza katika riwaya ya Kiswahili. Makala haya yalichochewa na makala mengine yaliyokuwa yanaangalia namna ambavyo riwaya ya Kiswahili ilivyo na uwezekano wa kutumika katika kufundishia historia1. Kutokana na makala hayo, iliibuka shauku ya ...

  20. Nafasi Ya Lugha Za Asili Katika Shirikisho La Afrika Mashariki ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanajadili nafasi ya lugha za asili katika Shirikisho la Afrika Mashariki. Lugha ni sehemu muhimu ya utamaduni wa jamii yoyote ile. Kijamii, lugha za asili zina nafasi ya kutumiwa katika Shirikisho kutokana na sababu zifuatazo: Kwanza, ukiachilia mbali lugha za taifa za asili, lugha nyingi za asili katika ...

  1. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasime DEMİREL

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Eskişehir (Türkiye’deki farklı marketlerden toplanmış olan şişelenmiş doğal ve mineral suların mikrobiyal kalitesi incelenmiştir. Membran filtrasyon tekniği uygulanarak su örneklerinin kalitesi; toplam koliform, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., Aeromonas hydrophila’nın varlığı ve miktarı yönünden analiz edilmiştir. Aerobik bakteriler 22 ve 37 ºC’de inkübasyonu sonucunda ml’deki heterotrofik bakteri sayısı (HPC olarak belirlenmiştir. Şişelenmiş mineral su örneklerinde Bacillus türleri belirlenirken, şişelenmiş içme suyu örneklerinde herhangi bir bakteri ya da kontaminasyon bulunmamıştır

  2. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nalan YILMAZ SARIÖZLÜ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Eskişehir/Türkiye’deki ılıca sularındaki bakteriyel topluluğun ortaya konulması ve incelenmesi için 7 ılıca su örneği 7 farklı ılıcadan toplanmıştır. Tüm örnekler dört farklı besi ortamına (nutrient agar, su-maya ekstraktı agar, triptik soy agar, nişasta-kazein agar inoküle edilmiştir. 50 °C’de 14 günlük inkübasyondan sonra tüm bakteri kolonilerinin sayımı yapılıp saflaştırılmıştır. Tüm izolatların gram reaksiyonları, katalaz veoksidazözellikleri belirlenmişve BIOLOG, VITEK veotomatikribotiplendirme sisteminde (RiboPrinter incelenmişlerdir. Bu bakterilerin ampisilin, gentamisin, trimetoprim-sülfametoksazol ve tetrasiklin antibiyotiklerine karşı dirençliliği incelenmiştir. Sonuç olarak normal insan florasına ilaveten ısıya dirençli patojenik mikroorganizmalar incelenen alandaki ılıca sularında (43-50 °C belirlenmiştir. Altı genusa ait 10 farklı tür Alysiella filiformis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, B. pertussis, Molexalla caprae, M. caviae, M. cuniculi, M. phenylpyruvica, Roseomonas fauriae, Delftia acidovorans ve Pseudomonas taetrolens olarak tanımlanmıştır

  3. Making an Impression: YA Authors and Their Influential Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenbach, Brooke; Kaywell, Joan F.

    2013-01-01

    This article recounts significant moments from online interviews these authors conducted with Young Adult (YA) authors concerning the teachers who left a lasting impression on them and assisted them in finding their voice and unique writing abilities. S. E. Hinton, Walter Dean Myers, Erin Gruwell, Chris Crutcher, and other popular YA authors…

  4. Mabadiliko Ya Kifonolojia Na Kimofolojia Wakati Wa Utohozi Wa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mwingiliano wa lugha ya Kiswahili na Kiarabu una historia ndefu kidogo. Inasemekana Waarabu walianza muwasala na 'Waswahili' tangu karne ya kwanza (BK) (Polome 1967:9). Kutokana na muwasala huo wa muda mrefu, lugha hizi mbili (Kiarabu na Kiswahili) zimeathiriana sana. Lakini kuna maoni kwamba Kiarabu ...

  5. Riwaya ya Kiswahili katika ufundishaji wa historia | Mlaga | Kiswahili

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makala haya yanachunguza uwezekano wa riwaya ya Kiswahili kutumika katika ufundishaji wa historia. Makala yamejiegemeza katika kuonesha namna ambavyo riwaya kama utanzu mmojawapo wa fasihi unafaa kufundishia historia. Hivyo basi, hoja mbalimbali zinabainishwa ili kuonesha namna ambavyo riwaya ya ...

  6. Abbreviations and acronyms: the case of Tlhalosi ya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Abstract: This paper looks at how abbreviations and acronyms are treated in African language dictionaries in general compared to selected mainstream English dictionaries. Specifically, the study looks at their treatment in T.J. Otlogetswe's (2012) Tlhalosi ya Medi ya Setswana dictionary. Altogether, a survey of twenty ...

  7. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazım UYSAL

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoğun zirai faaliyetlerin yapıldığı Antalya’nın batı sahillerinden yakalanan ekonomik önemi olan bazı deniz balıklarının (Diplodus sargus, Siganus rivulatus, Lithognathus mormyrus, Liza aurata, Chelon labrasus kas, deri ve solungaçlarındaki bakır, çinko, mangan, demir ve magnezyum (Genellikle zirai aktivitelerden kaynaklanırlar biyoakümülasyon seviyeleri araştırılmıştır. Balıkların dokularında incelenen elementlerin minimum ve maksimum seviyeleri (mg kg-1 yaş ağırlık bakır için 0.541.69; çinko için 4.14-407.23; mangan için 0.15-9.17; demir için 3.45-104.49 ve magnezyum için 204.33- 784.30 olarak tespit edilmiştir. İncelenen elementlerin en düşük biyoakümülasyon seviyeleri kas dokularda, en yüksek seviyeler (Bakır hariç ise solungaçlarda tespit edilmiştir. İncelenen türlerin kas dokularındaki bakır ve çinko seviyeleri (Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (WHO, Gıda ve Tarım Örgütü (FAO ve Türk Gıda Kodeksi’nde belirtilen kabul edilebilir maksimum seviyelerden daha düşük, bazı türlerin (D. sargus, S. rivulatus, L. mormyrus and L. aurata derilerinde bulunan çinko seviyeleri ise kabul edilebilir maksimum seviyelerden daha yüksek bulunmuştur

  8. Athari za uhamishaji wa sarufi ya Kiluo kwenye upatanisho wa sarufi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Viambishi vya upatanishi hutumiwa tu kikundi nomino kinapoundwa na kiwakilishi. Athari ya uhamishaji wa sarufi ya Kiluo kwenye sarufi ya Kiswahili ilibainika katika viwango vitatu vya kisarufi: ngeli, nafsi na idadi. Utafiti uliongozwa na nadharia ya Umilikifu na Uhusisho (Chomsky, 1981). Nadharia hii huonesha hali ya ...

  9. The Arabidopsis NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 genes are functionally redundant and are required in early embryogenesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Fornari

    Full Text Available Nuclear factor Y (NF-Y is a trimeric transcription factor composed of three distinct subunits called NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC. In Arabidopsis thaliana, NF-Y subunits are known to play roles in many processes, such as gametogenesis, embryogenesis, seed development, drought resistance, ABA signaling, flowering time, primary root elongation, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER stress response and blue light responses. Here, we report that the closely related NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 genes control early embryogenesis. Detailed GUS and in situ analyses showed that NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 are expressed in vegetative and reproductive tissues with the highest expression being during embryo development from the globular to the torpedo embryo stage. Plants from the nf-ya3 and nf-ya8 single mutants do not display any obvious phenotypic alteration, whereas nf-ya3 nf-ya8 double mutants are embryo lethal. Morphological analyses showed that the nf-ya3 nf-ya8 embryos fail to undergo to the heart stage and develop into abnormal globular embryos with both proembryo and suspensor characterized by a disordered cell cluster with an irregular shape, suggesting defects in embryo development. The suppression of both NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 gene expression by RNAi experiments resulted in defective embryos that phenocopied the nf-ya3 nf-ya8 double mutants, whereas complementation experiments partially rescued the abnormal globular nf-ya3 nf-ya8 embryos, confirming that NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 are required in early embryogenesis. Finally, the lack of GFP expression of the auxin responsive DR5rev::GFP marker line in double mutant embryos suggested that mutations in both NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 affect auxin response in early developing embryos. Our findings indicate that NF-YA3 and NF-YA8 are functionally redundant genes required in early embryogenesis of Arabidopsis thaliana.

  10. Aplikasi Sistem Pembayaran Administrasi Kesiswaan Di SMA Ya BAKII Kesugihan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Ika Atikah

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah sebagai salah satu bentuk organisasi memerlukan pengolahan administrasi yang efektif dan efisien, yaitu berorientasi pada tujuan penggunaan semua sumber daya serta mekanisme pengelolaan sekolah. Salah satu fungsi administrasi sekolah adalah pengelolaan data pembayaran administrasi kesiswaan. Yang terjadi di SMA Ya BAKII Kesugihan yang masih menggunakan sistem manual dalam pengelolaan data pembayaran. Dengan memanfaatkan software komputer kita dapat mengelola data-data pembayaran administrasi kesiswaan dengan lebih mudah.  Dalam kegiatan ini mencakup bagaimana perancangan program basis data tentang pengelolaan data pembayaran sekolah di SMA Ya BAKII Kesugihan dengan menggunakan software Visual Basic 6.0 dan MySQL Server 5.1. Hasil dari perancangan dan pembuatan Aplikasi Sistem Pembayaran Administrasi Kesiswaan di SMA Ya BAKII Kesugihan adalah untuk mengoptimalisasikan pengolahan data pembayaran administrasi kesiswaan. Aplikasi ini dapat menghasilkan laporan-laporan yang dapat digunakan oleh bagian Tata Usaha lain yang berkaitan dengan administrasi kesiswaan. Berdasarkan hasil kegiatan di atas, pihak Sekolah disarankan dapat meningkatkan kualitas dan pengelolaan sekolah terutama bagian pembayaran administrasi kesiswaan di SMA Ya BAKII Kesugihan.

  11. Conformational Preferences of Amphibian Peptides Brevinin-Ya and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    Conformational Preferences of Amphibian Peptides. Brevinin-Ya and Brevinin-Yb Explored Using. Molecular Dynamics. Parvesh Singh*. Department of Chemistry. Durban University of Technology, Durban 4000, South Africa. Received 31 July 2012, accepted 21 February 2013. ABSTRACT. The brevinin-1 family peptides ...

  12. Matatizo ya Tafsiri katika Matini za Kitalii Nchini Tanzania | Jilala ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Utalii ni miongoni mwa sekta muhimu sana katika maendeleo ya nchi na ni sekta ambayo huliingizia taifa pato la kiuchumi. Sekta hii huhusisha watu wa jamii mbalimbali duniani, watu wenye tofauti za kiutamaduni, kiuchumi, kiitikadi, kijamii na wanaozungumza lugha tofauti. Pamoja na hayo, utalii ni eneo ambalo bado ...

  13. Saratanya (House Servant) in Ethiopia and 'Ya'yan Magajiya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saratanya is the name for House Servant all over Ethiopia, whereas 'Ya'yan Magajiya is the nomenclature for servants of Matrons operating canteens and brothels in Nigeria. The servants in these systems are exploited by their employers and most often treated as if they are slaves. In addition to labour exploitation, the ...

  14. Theorizing Steampunk in Scott Westerfeld's YA Series Leviathan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielke, Tammy L.; LaHaie, Jeanne M.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we offer an explanation of steampunk and theorize the genre and its functions within Scott Westerfeld's YA series Leviathan. In order to do so, we examine the "cogs" of the genre machine and its use of nostalgic longing for a revised past/future to rebel against present day cultural norms. Critics note that steampunk…

  15. Silikon, Yağ Nekrozu ve Meme Kanseri

    OpenAIRE

    Zerrin, Hamit; Bilkay, Banu; Şanlı, Ulus

    2009-01-01

    SüleymanDemirel Üniversitesi TIP FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ: 1996 Aralık; 3(4) Silikon, Yağ Nekrozu ve Meme Kanseri Hamit Zerrin Banu Çiçek Bilkay Ulus Ali Şanlı Özet Estetik amaçla silikon yerleştirilen ve daha sonra trafik kazası sırasında meme travması geçiren invaziv duktal karsinomlu bir hasta tanımlanmıştır. Burada silikon, travma ve meme kanseri arasındaki ilişkiler üzerinde durulmuştur. Anahtar kelimeler: Meme kanseri, meme yağ nekrozu, silikon meme ...

  16. Crazy for Ya Ba: methamphetamine use among northern Thai youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Anjalee

    2014-07-01

    Since the mid-1990s, Thailand has been one of the largest per capita consumers of methamphetamine pills (ya ba - "crazy drug") in the world and one of the leading consumers of methamphetamine in Southeast Asia, with its youth comprising the majority of users. This article examines the socio-cultural context of methamphetamine use among young Thai in order to understand its widespread appeal. The study is based on 18 months of ethnographic research in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand, between 2002 and 2006 and a follow-up field trip in 2011. In-depth interviews were carried out with 211 young people aged between 15 and 25 in institutional and non-institutional settings. Many of the findings derive from participant observation and informal interviews with a small sample of 20 people. Chiang Mai youth have transformed methamphetamine from a labourers' drug centred on economic utility to a multi-purpose youth drug primarily consumed for pleasure and performance. Ya ba appeals to many young Thai due to its positive image as a modern and fashionable consumer commodity, with confidence in these synthetic pills drawing on and mirroring a broader faith in modern (western) medicine. The growing demand for ya ba in northern Thailand is in part a reflection of the changing social values that have accompanied rapid urbanisation and modernisation in Thailand. In their overwhelming aspiration to be modern, young Thai are consuming ya ba not to rebel against the dominant culture, but to keep up with the demands and expectations of a modern capitalist society. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activities of Ya-hom Intajak, a Thai ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hexane and dichloromethane fractions of Ya-hom Intajak, and its 47 medicinal plants components. ... Conclusion: Ya-hom Intajak is a valuable source of natural antioxidants and has a potential application as a cardiovascular protective formulation.

  18. YaAn earthquake increases blood pressure among hospitalized patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chuanwei; Luo, Xiaoli; Zhang, Wen; Zhou, Liang; Wang, Hongyong; Zeng, Chunyu

    YaAn, a city in Sichuan province, China, was struck by a major earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale on April 20, 2013. This study sought to investigate the impact of YaAn earthquake on the blood pressure (BP) among hospitalized patients in the department of cardiology. We enrolled 52 hospitalized patients who were admitted to our hospital at least three days before the day of earthquake in 2013 (disaster group) as compared with 52 patients during April 20, 2014 (nondisaster group). BP was measured three times per day and the prescription of antihypertensive medicine was recorded. The earthquake induced a 3.3 mm Hg significant increase in the mean postdisaster systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the disaster group as compared with the nondisaster group. SBP at admission was positively associated with the elevated SBP in the logistic regression model (odds ratio (OR) = 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI):1.016-1.168, p = 0.015), but not other potential influencing factors, including antihypertensive medicine, sex, age, and body weight, excluding β-blockers. Patients with β-blockers prescription at the time of earthquake showed a blunt response to earthquake-induced SBP elevation than those who were taking other antihypertensive drugs (OR = 0.128, 95% CI: 0.019-0.876, p = 0.036). The YaAn earthquake induced significant increase in SBP even at a distance from the epicenter among hospitalized patients. The findings demonstrate that pure psychological components seem to be a cause of the pressor response and β-blockers might be better in controlling disaster-induced hypertension.

  19. Frontal destabilization of Stonebreen, Edgeøya, Svalbard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Strozzi

    2017-02-01

    and synthetic aperture radar (SAR satellite data, a number of zones of velocity increases have been observed at formerly slow-flowing calving fronts on Svalbard. Here we present the dynamic evolution of the southern lobe of Stonebreen on Edgeøya. We observe a slowly steady retreat of the glacier front from 1971 until 2011, followed by a strong increase in ice surface velocity along with a decrease of volume and frontal extension since 2012. The considerable losses in ice thickness could have made the tide-water calving glacier, which is grounded below sea level some 6 km inland from the 2014 front, more sensitive to surface meltwater reaching its bed and/or warm ocean water increasing frontal ablation with subsequent strong multi-annual ice-flow acceleration.

  20. BmK-YA, an enkephalin-like peptide in scorpion venom.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Zhang

    Full Text Available By screening extracts of venom from the Asian scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch (BmK for their abilities to activate opioid receptors, we have identified BmK-YA, an amidated peptide containing an enkephalin-like sequence. BmK-YA is encoded by a precursor that displays a signal sequence and contains four copies of BmK-YA sequences and four of His(4-BmK-YA, all flanked by single amino acid residues. BmK-YA and His(4-BmK-YA are amidated and thus fulfill the characteristics expected of bioactive peptides. BmK-YA can activate mammalian opioid receptors with selectivity for the δ subtype while His(4-BmK-YA is inactive at opioid receptors. The discovery of BmK-YA suggests that scorpion venom may represent a novel source of bioactive molecules targeting G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs and reveal additional insights on the evolution of the opioid precursors.

  1. Mkabala Wa Ki-Korasi Katika Kuchambua Kazi Za Fasihi Ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kwa wachambuzi na wahakiki wa fasihi ya Kiswahili, mtazamo umekuwa ni wa kugawa makundi mawili: fani na maudhui. Hata hivyo, karibu wote wanakubaliana kuwa mgawanyo huu ni wa kinadharia zaidi na unafanyika kwa ajili ya uchambuzi na uhakiki; kwani katika hali halisi maudhui huwezi kuyatenga kutoka katika ...

  2. Exploring Queer Pedagogies in the College-Level YA Literature Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bach, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    One place to start understanding how pre-service teachers learn about contemporary young adult (YA) literature, especially those works that feature lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning (LGBTQ) and gender identity themes and characters, is through an examination of the YA literature course--a course many pre-service teachers take as…

  3. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activities of Ya-hom Intajak, a Thai ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Committee (Thailand) in the List of Herbal. Medicine Products A.D. 2011 and declared as over the counter herbal drug. Ya-hom Inthajak is also accepted to be used as cardiotonic agent and also improving blood circulation [11]. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of Ya-hom Intajak against human LDL.

  4. 7 CFR 319.56-29 - Ya variety pears from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ya variety pears from China. 319.56-29 Section 319.56... variety pears from China. Ya variety pears may be imported into the United States from China only in... organization (NPPO) of China in an APHIS-approved export growing area in the Hebei or Shandong Provinces. (2...

  5. MORE THAN PERSON DEIXIS: USES OF YA (丫 AMONG NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE BEIJINGERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Song

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how the morpheme ya is used among native and non-native speakers of the Beijing dialect. It traces the development of ya from a lexical noun to a third person singular pronoun, initially with derogatory meaning, and then extending into a social identity marker signaling familiarity and intimacy. Evidence from both production and perception studies also shows that the use of ya has extended to other regions, with non-native uses of ya emerging in the process. In addition to native vs. non-native use, other factors also contribute to differences in the use of ya constructions. Among the factors identified in this study are age group, gender, and length of residency in Beijing.

  6. Pelemir Tohum (C. syriaca schrad. Yağında Bulunan Epoksi Yağ Asitlerinin İnce Tabaka (TLC ve Gaz Kromatografisi (GLC Metodları İle Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nejat Altıniğne

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada pelemir tohum (C. syriaca schrad. yağındaki epoksi yağ asitleri, ince tabaka (TLC ve gaz kromatografisi (GLC metodları ile saptanmaya çalışılmıştır. Mono ve diepoksi yağ asitleri ile birlikte monohidroksi ve a-b-keto yağ asitleri de bulunmuştur.

  7. Tahinde Fiziksel-Kimyasal Analizler ve Yağ Asitleri Bileşiminin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa Özcan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Değişik kaynaklardan sağlanan 11 tahin örneğinde su, kül, ham protein, ham yağ, ham selüloz ve tuz miktarları belirlenmiştir. Örneklerde Na, K, P, Cu, Fe, Mn ve Zn miktarları da tespit edilmiştir. Tahin yağlarında nispi yoğunluk, kırılma indisi, serbest yağ asitleri, iyot sayısı, sabunlaşma sayısı ve sabunlaşmayan madde tayin edilmiştir. Gaz kromatografisi yöntemiyle, tahin yağlarında başlıca ve beslenme açısından önemli yağ asitleri olarak %9.55-10.32 palmitik, %37.42-45.04 oleik ve %43.25-52.34 linoleik asit saptanmıştır.

  8. Life Satisfaction of Adolescents Living in Northern Cyprus / Kıbrıs’ın Kuzeyinde Yaşayan Ergenlerin Yaşam Memnuniyetleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Özcan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this research, the life satisfaction of adolescents who live in Northern Cyprus is examined. Demographic variables of adolescents have been taken into consideration while life satisfaction has been determined. The study has been completed in a way of scan pattern in accordance with quantitative method. The reachable universe of this study included the students attending 9, 10, 11, and 12th grade in the province of Kyrenia Northern Cyprus. The samples of research group included 436 students composed of 209 boys (%47,8 and 227 girls (%52,2. The data collection tools used during the research were, Personal Information Form which consists of demographic data and Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale. Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale consists of friend satisfaction, school satisfaction, environment satisfaction and self satisfaction sub-dimensions. The data has been analyzed with SPSS 20 package program. As a conclusion, within the sub-dimensions of the scale, friend satisfaction sub-dimension level of participants was found to be higher when compared to school, environment and self-satisfaction sub-dimension levels. Additionally, the life satisfaction points of 436 adolescents have shown a meaningful differentiation according to the school type, attended grades and education levels of mother and father. However, there has been no meaningfull differentiation regarding gender, age, number of siblings, the rank of birth, and the working status of mother and father.  Öz Bu araştırmada, Kuzey Kıbrıs’ta yaşayan ergenlerin yaşam memnuniyetleri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada ergenlerin yaşam memnuniyetleri belirlenirken bazı demografik değişkenler göz önüne alınmıştır. Çalışma nicel araştırma yöntemine uygun olarak, tarama deseniyle yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın ulaşılabilir evrenini Kuzey Kıbrıs’ın Girne Kazasında, 2014-2015 eğitim öğretim yılında 9, 10, 11 ve 12. sınıfa devam eden

  9. S-31: Aynı Kronolojik Yaştaki Adolesan Erkek Futbolcularda Relatif Yaşın Psikolojik Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raziye Dut

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Futbol gibi fiziksel performansa dayalı takım sporunda özel yaş grupları vardır. İlk milli takım seçmelerinin yapıldığı U-14 yaş kategorisi bunlardan biridir. Özellikle adolesanlarda aynı kronolojik yaş grubundaki futbolcular fiziksel ve psikolojik olarak belirgin farklılıklar gösterebilirler.AMAÇ: Relatif yaşın bilinen fiziksel olgunluk ve atletik performans etkisine ek olarak psikolojik etkilerini değerlendirmeyi hedefledik.Gereç ve YÖNTEMLER: Çalışmaya 2017 yılında U-14 yaş kategorisinde milli takım seçmelerine davet edilen 286 erkek futbolcu dahil edildi. Prospektif olarak antrenör eşliğinde bilgilendirme yapılarak sporculara demografik bilgi formu, sporda güdülenme ölçeği (SGÖ, çocukluk çağı depresyon anketi (CDI, çocuklarda anksiyete bulguları tarama ölçeği (ÇATÖ doldurtuldu.Nitel veriler n ve %, nicel veriler ortanca ve Inter Quartile Rate (IQR ile özetlendi. Gruplar arası farklılıkların saptanmasında chi-square, likelihood ratio, Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, post hoc Tukey testleri kullanıldı. P0,05. 172 (%60.1 futbolcuda CDI puanı patolojik bulundu. Yılın ilk çeyreğinde doğanların diğerlerine göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı daha fazla CDI patolojik puana sahip olduğu saptandı (p=0,029. Ortalama ÇATÖ puanı 20,63±10,65 olarak tespit edildi ve yaş çeyreklerine göre istatistiksel anlamlı fark saptanmadı (p=0,904. Forvet oyun pozisyonunda oynayanların ÇATÖ puanı diğer oyun pozisyonlarına göre daha düşük bulundu (p<0,05.SONUÇ: Yetenek seçimlerinde ve yeteneğin geliştirilmesinde fiziksel olgunluk performans gibi faktörler ile birlikte psikolojik gelişim de değerlendirilmeli ve desteklenerek takip edilmesi elit futbolcu yetiştirilmesine fayda sağlayacaktır. Bu süreçte relatif yaşın etkileri de gözönünde bulundurulmalıdır.

  10. AHP 10: "I, Ya ri a bsod, Am a Dog": The Life and Music of a Tibetan Mendicant Singer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skal dbang skyid སྐལ་དབང་སྐྱིད།

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The life and music of Ya ri A bsod, a Tibetan composer and singer who lived in the early twentieth century, is described. Ya ri A bsod wandered through Tibetan nomad areas where contemporary Qinghai, Gansu, and Sichuan provinces meet in China. Texts and transcribed melodies of Ya ri A bsod songs are presented. These songs are contextualized in terms of their contemporary transmission, and the historical and autobiographical circumstances of their composition.

  11. Teaching Young Adult Literature: "Change" as an Interdisciplinary Theme: YA Literature in the Content Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Kelly Byrne; Dulaney, Margaret; North-Coleman, Cheryl; Kaplan, Jeffrey; Stover, Lois

    2013-01-01

    "Teaching Young Adult Literature" describes innovative methods for engaging students in reading, writing, and discussing contemporary and classic literary texts written for adolescents. Centered around the concept of change, the authors present YA novels that span across various disciplines. Each book presented will help students…

  12. Mkanganyiko wa Dhana za Mzizi, Kiini na Shina katika Mofolojia ya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kwa mwanazuoni yeyote ambaye anafahamikiwa na dhana za kimofolojia hakosi kuwa amewahi kuzitumia au kuzisoma au hata kuzieleza dhana za kiini, shina na mzizi. Mbali na matumizi ya dhana hizi ni ukweli usiopingika kwamba dhana hizi zimekuwa zikitumika katika kufasili dhana nyingine pia. Uambishaji, kwa ...

  13. Production of concentrated “Ya Pak King” drink by vacuum microwave drying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanprakeaw, P.

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Ya Pak King juice is currently popular among Thai consumers. However, some people do not like to drink it because of its pungent smell and flavor. The objectives of this investigation were to improve consumer perception of ready-to-drink Ya Pak King juice and to produce the concentrated drink by vacuum microwave drying. The herbal juice from Ya Pak King was prepared and formulated with lemon juice and honey by the Mixture Design. The drink flavor and taste were then modified by the addition of sugar and citric acid and the drink was, finally, concentrated by a vacuum microwave oven. The results showed that the ratio of the herbal juice: honey: lemon juice at 30:55:15 gave the highest acceptance score from panelists. In addition, the drink modified to achieve 20 0Brix total soluble solid and 0.45% acidity was the most acceptable. After testing the Ya Pak King beverage diluted from the concentrated drink and the drink before concentration, no significant difference in characteristics of the two products was found.

  14. Theory and practice in the psychological heritage of P.Ya.Galperin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonina N. Zhdan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to the 115th birthday of P.Ya.Galperin, the classic of national psychology (1902-2017. The purpose of the paper is to showP.Ya.Galperin’s contribution to fundamental and practiceoriented science, and alsoto revealthe link between these two approaches sides in his scientific heritage. The gist of his innovative psychological theory is disclosed. The key methodological principlesare highlighted: understanding of the scope and method of psychological science; psychophysical issue, i.e. the nature of psyche and the mental world; a psychophysiological problem, the issue of the relationship between psychology and physiology; the issue of human instincts in connection with historical social nature of consciousness; the notion of linguistic consciousness and the relation of language and thought; the principle of unity of history and theory in scientific knowledge. Terminological work carried out by P. Ya.Galperin is analyzed. The introduction of new concepts enriches and makes the conceptual apparatus of psychological sciencemore precise. The necessity to reveal each methodological provision to solve practical problemsis mentioned. The unity of theoretical and practical aspects in psychological theory developed by P. Ya. Galperin, its authentic nature and relation to the culturalhistorical psychology of L.S.Vygotsky, activity concepts of S.L. Rubinstein and A.N. Leontiev are shown. There are several directions in which the method of gradual development of mental functions and concepts organizes the process of teaching and learning, the mechanisms of perceptionand simultaneous mental processes, the phenomena of Jean Piaget are explained. To sum up, the inexhaustible possibilities of the practical use of the theory of P.Ya. Galperin in all areas of individual experience.

  15. Keban metamorfitlerinin stratigrafisine ilişkin yeni yaş bulguları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali KAYA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Doğu Toroslar’da yer alan Keban Metamorfitleri, yeşilşist fasiyesinde bölgesel metamorfizmaya uğramış platform tipi karbonat ve kırıntılı kayaçlardan oluşur. Keban metamorfitlerinin yaşı, Zeryanderedeki tek bir lokasyonda gözlenen ve Permiyen yaşlı olduğu tahmin edilen, türleri saptanamamış mikroorganizmalara ait iki fosil (Glomospira ve Ammodiscus familyasına ait fosiller bulgusuna dayandırılmıştır. Metamorfik istifteki diğer formasyonlar da bu seviyeyle korele edilerek, Keban metamorfitleri için Permo-Triyas/Permo-Karbonifer yaşları önerilmiş ve şimdiye kadar kullanılmıştır. Bölgenin bütün jeolojik değerlendirmeleri de bu yaşlara göre yapılmıştır. İlk defa bu çalışmada, çok yaygın bir şekilde Planolites, Rhizocorallium ve Thalassinoides gibi iz fosiller gözlenmiştir. Bu iz fosiller, Keban metamorfitlerinin orta seviyelerini temsil eden Nimri formasyonuna ait Gogodere tabakalı dolomitik-kristalize kireçtaşı üyesinin tabaka üst yüzeylerinde tespit edilmiştir. Bu iz fosilleri içeren kireçtaşı seviyeleri, Toroslar’da Erken-Orta Triyas’ı (Skitiyen-Anisiyen temsil eden tipik “vermiküler kireçtaşı fasiyesi”ne karşılık gelmektedir. Allokton konumlu Keban metamorfitleri, birbirlerini üzerleyen birkaç naptan oluşmaktadır. Çalışma alanı içinde üç nap vardır; en alt napı Erken Triyas-Jura yaşlı Nimri formasyonu oluşturur, orta napı Orta-Geç Devoniyen yaşlı Keban mermerleri ile Geç Devoniyen yaşlı Delimehmet formasyonu ve en üstteki napı ise Erken Karbonifer yaşlı Süleymanlı formasyonu oluşturmaktadır. Ayrıca orta ve üst nap içinde yeşil renkli metadiyabazlardan oluşan Triyas öncesi yaşlı metabazik arakatkılar da gözlenmiştir. Bölgesel deneştirmeler Keban metamorfitlerinin Bolkardağı Birliği’nin eşdeğeri olabileceğini göstermektedir.

  16. Ebeveyn Yaşının Kekliklerde (A. Graeca) Bazı Verim Özelliklerine Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    KIRIKÇI, Kemal; GÜNLÜ, Aytekin; ÇAĞLAYAN, Tamer; GARİP, MUSTAFA

    2010-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, kekliklerin yumurta verimi, döl verimi ve kuluçka özellikleri üzerine farklı yaşların etkisinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada, 84 haftalık yaştaki 64 adet dişi ve 32 adet erkek ve 32 haftalık yaştaki 64 adet dişi ve 32 adet erkek Kaya keklikleri Genç♂x Genç♀, Genç♂x Yaşlı♀, Yaşlı♂x Genç♀, Yaşlı♂x Yaşlı♀ olacak şekilde bir deneme düzeni oluşturulmuştur. Genç♂x Genç♀, Genç♂x Yaşlı♀, ...

  17. Repere ale sacrului în istoria teatrului. Nāṭyaśāstra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella Drăghici

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nāṭyaśāstra is one of the most challenging writing in the history of theatre. Not only because its age and complexity, but because the uniqueness of its vision in which the sacred underlies the art of theatre and interferes with it. This research is based on textual criticism to emphasise the role of the sacred and its avatars (deities, ceremonies of consecration, symbols with religious and performing functions... in the economy of theatre art as it is seen by the ancient Indian treatise on drama. In a history of the sacred circumscribed to the theatre space, Nāṭyaśāstra represents maybe the most relevant creation.

  18. Dişsiz Yaşlı Hastalarda Panoramik Radyografi Bulguları

    OpenAIRE

    Haştar, Esin; Yılmaz, Hasan; Orhan, Hikmet

    2011-01-01

    ÖzetAmaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı dişsiz yaşlı hastaların panoramik radyograflarında pozitif radyografik bulguları değerlendirmektir.Yöntem ve Gereç: Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Oral Diagnoz ve Radyoloji Ana Bilim Dalı'na çeşitli şikayetlerle muayene olmak için başvuran 60 yaş ve üzerinde 106 dişsiz hastadan alınan panoramik radyograflar incelendi. Radyograflar; kök artıkları, gömülü diş, kist-tümör, yabancı cisimler, kret tepesine yakın mental foremen, maksiller si...

  19. Scientific legacy of P.Ya. Galperin and the challenges of the 21st century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey I. Podolskiy

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Celebrating the 115th anniversary birth of P.Ya. Galperin, an outstanding Russian scientist, and paying tribute to his contribution in general psychology, genetic psychology and teacher-training psychology, it is necessary to emphasize Galperin’s unique approach to the essence of mental phenomena and processes, to the mechanisms and development that reverberate the internal integrity and systemic approach. There are at least, three main directions of P.Ya. Galperin’s concept, i.e. his system of psychology. The first direction is the method of gradual development of intellectual activity for studying human mental activity. The second direction is the study of the theoretically described and actually implemented process of gradual development of intellectual activity as a psychological reality. The third direction is the gradual development of intellectual activity in the practice of teaching. This paper is devoted to the strategic issues of implementing gradual development of intellectual activity. The significance of these assumptions for practical training, not in a laboratory experiment, but in the mass version, paradoxically requires a far deeper and broader understanding of mechanisms of the human mental activity than academic laboratory research. The reasons for the relatively limited use of Galperin’s theory are considered in the practice of training. Further development of psychology along the path outlined by P.Ya. Galperin aimed at enhancing practical capabilities of the theoretical approach is being highlighted.

  20. Characteristics of the new YA1O3 compared to BGO and GSO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ziegler, S.I.; Rogers, J.G.; Selivanov, V.; Sinitzin, I.

    1991-11-01

    The characteristics of a new, fast scintillator with high density (5.35 gm/cm 3 ) and high light yield were investigated and compared to other scintillation materials. The decay of the scintillation light could be described by the sum of two exponentials with decay constants of 31 ns and 246 ns, contributing 98% and 2% to the total light yield, respectively. The light yield of 19700 photons/MeV was measured by comparing the number of photoelectrons produced in YA1O and in BGO under the same conditions. The energy resolution at a gamma ray energy of 511 keV was 6.7% for a 4.0 x 8.0 x 25.0 mm 3 sample. The FWHM of a timing measurement using two YA1O crystals detecting annihilation quanta (with 200 keV threshold) was 1.1 ns. Monte Carlo simulations showed that the crystal depth for the absorption of 90% of 511 keV gamma quanta is 51.8 mm in YA1O (compared to 25.2 mm in BGO). (author)

  1. Yağsız Yoğurt Üretiminde Yağ Taklidi Madde Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balkır Tamuçay

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada yağsız yoğurt üretiminde karşılaşılan duyusal ve fiziksel problemleri önlemek amacıyla protein kaynaklı yağ taklidi maddelerden biri olan Simplesse® 100 kullanılmıştır. Dört ayrı deneme yoğurtlarının (K (kontrol, A: %1, B: %2,5, C: %4 oranında Simplesse® 100 ilaveli, depolamanın 1., 11. ve 21. günlerinde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal analizleri yapılmıştır. A, B ve C örneklerinde kurumadde değerleri, K (kontrol örneğine göre ilave edilen Simplesse® 100 oranlarına bağlı olarak sırasıyla (%1, %2.5 ve %4 artmıştır. Aroma maddesi ilavesi yoğurtların titrasyon asitliği, pH ve laktik asit içeriklerinde önemli bir değişime neden olmamıştır. Depolamanın 11. gününde %1 Simpless® katkılı A örneğinin konsistens ve viskozite değerleri K, B ve C örneklerine göre daha iyi bulunurken, 21. günde tüm örneklerde hemen hemen aynı değerler elde edilmiştir. Serum ayrılması değeri bakımından ise C örneği (en yüksek oranda (%4 Simpless® ilaveli, bütün dönemlerde en iyi sonucu vermiştir. Asetaldehit miktarı kontrol (K örneğinde en düşük, B ve C'de ise en yüksek olarak tespit edilmiştir. Uçucu yağ asitlerinde de asetaldehitteki gibi bir eğilim ortaya çıkmıştır. Uçucu yağ asitleri ve asetaldehit içeriklerine bakıldığında tüm örneklerde yoğurtlardaki normal değerlerin altında çıkmıştır. Duyusal yönden %1 katkılı A örneği, diğer örneklere göre daha yüksek puanlar almıştır.

  2. Balıklarda Sperm Kalitesine Yağ Asitlerinin Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Gül HARLIOĞLU

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Kontrollü şartlar altında balık üretimini gerçekleştirebilmek için damızlık olarak kullanılmaları amaçlanan balıklarda sperm kalitesi büyük önem taşımaktadır. Sperm kalitesi üzerinde etkili olan ve üreme fizyolojisini etkileyen en önemli faktörler arasında ise anaç erkek balıkların beslenmeleri gelmektedir. Yapılan araştırmalar sonucunda; tatlı su balıklarında spermada n-3 serisi doymamış yağ asitleri ve linoleik asidin yemlerde azalması ile sperm motilitesinin azaldığı belirlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte, birçok deniz balığında spermadaki linolenik yağ asidinin spermanın kalitesini yükselttiği, kısırlığı giderdiği ve sperma fonksiyonlarını düzenlediği gözlemlenmiştir. Ayrıca, yağ asitlerinin spermanın kısa süreli muhafazasında canlı kalma süresini uzattığı, sperm motilitesi ile fertiliteye pozitif etkisi olduğu bulunmuştur. Bununla birlikte, balıklarda seminal sıvıda kalite ve miktar konusunda yapılan araştırmalarda ise lipidlerin spermadabulunan büyük kompanentler olduğu ve seminal sıvıdaki lipidlerin anaç balıkların beslenmeleriyle etkilendiği belirlenmiştir. Diğer taraftan, diyette bulunan farklı düzeylerde eikosapentaenoik asit (EPA ve araşidonik asit (AA döllenme oranını etkileyebilmektedir. Spermada bulunan yağ asitlerinin, anaç balıkların diyetlerinde bulunan esansiyel yağ asitleri düzeylerine bağlı olduğu da bildirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak; beslenmenin gamet kalitesi üzerinde önemli etkilerinin olduğu görülmektedir. Anaç balıkların çoklu doymamış yağ asitlerini, özellikle linolenik yağ asidi, EPA, AA ve dokosaheksaenoik asit (DHA içeren diyetlerle beslenmesi sperma kalitesini ve döllenme oranını önemli oranda artırmaktadır. Anaç balıkların farklı besin maddeleriylebeslenmesi ve besinlerin üreme verimi üzerindeki etkileri konusundaki gelişmelerin izlenilmesi, bu yeniliklerin takip edilip ülkemiz ko

  3. İyimserliğin Mutluluk ve Yaşam Doyumuna Etkisinin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma SAPMAZ

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Özet İyimserliğin Mutluluk ve Yaşam Doyumuna Etkisinin İncelenmesi İyimserlik ve mutluluk pozitif psikolojinin iki temel kavramı olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Bu çalışmada iyimserlik, mutluluk ve yaşam doyumu arasındaki ilişkilerin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın katılımcılarını Sakarya Üniversitesinde öğrenim gören 206 (131 kadın/75 erkek üniversite öğrencisi oluşturmuştur. Çalışmada veri toplama araçları olarak Yaşam Yönelimi Testi, Oxford Mutluluk Ölçeği-Kısa Formu ve Yaşam Doyumu Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular iyimserliğin, mutluluk ve yaşam doyumu ile pozitif yönde ilişkili olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca iyimserliğin mutluluğa ilişkin varyansın % 59’unu, yaşam doyumuna ilişkin varyansın ise % 60’ını açıkladığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular alanyazın bağlamında ele alınıp tartışılmıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: İyimserlik, mutluluk, yaşam Doyumu, öznel iyi oluş   Abstract Examination of the Effect of Optimism on Happiness and Life Satisfaction Optimism and happiness are evaluated as two basic concept of positive psychology. In this study, it was aimed to examine the relations between optimism, happiness and life satisfaction. The participants of this research consisted of 206 (131 female/75 male university students studying in Sakarya University. Life Orientation Test (LOT, Oxford Happiness Questionnaire -Short Form (OHQ-SF and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, were used as data collection means in the study. The findings obtained proved that optimism is related with happiness and life satisfaction in a positive way. In addition, it was concluded that happiness explained the 59% of the variance of happiness and 60% of the variance of life satisfaction. The obtained findings are addressed and discussed within the context of the literature. Key Words: Optimism, happiness, life satisfaction, subjective well-being

  4. Derin Yağ’da Kızartma İşlemi ve Kızartma Yağında Oksidatif Değişmeler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haluk Alım

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Derin-Yağ’da kızartma (Deep-Fat Frying herhangi bir gıda maddesinin kızgın yağ’da pişirilmesi olarak tanımlanabilir. Şekil 1’de şematize edildiği gibi kızartma işleminde sisteme giren maddelerin başında kızartma yağı ve gıda maddesi gelir. Yağı kızartma derecesine yükselten ısı enerjisi, yağın hava ile teması sonucu havanın oksijeni sisteme ikinci derecede dahil olan birimler olarak düşünülebilir. Sistemden uzaklaşan birimler ise; başta kızarmış gıda maddesi olmak üzere buhar, düşük moleküllü uçucu maddeler ve gıda maddesinden arta kalan kırıntılar olarak sıralanabilir. Ayrıca bir kısım yağ gıda maddesince emilerek sistemden uzaklaşmaktadır.

  5. Bornova ilçesinde yaşayan 65 yaş üzeri nüfustaki fonksiyonel bağımlılık oranları

    OpenAIRE

    Şahin, Sevnaz; Boyacıoğlu, Hayal; Taşar, Pınar Tosun; Kozan, Elif; Sarıkaya, Ozan Fatih; Akçiçek, Fehmi

    2016-01-01

    Amaç: İnsan ömrünün uzaması ile birlikte toplumlarda yaşlı nüfus oranları da artmaktadır. Yaşlı nüfustaki artış toplumda sağlık politikaları ve sosyal politikaların şekillenmesinde önem taşımaktadır. Bu çalışmada İzmir'in Bornova ilçesinde yaşayan yaşlılarda günlük yaşam aktiviteleri (GYA) ve yardımcı günlük yaşam aktivitelerini (YGYA) değerlendirerek fonksiyonel bağımlılık durumunun saptanması amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Örneklem Bornova ilçesinin Atatürk, Erzene ve Kazımdirik Maha...

  6. How to develop the internal responsibility according to P.Ya. Galperin’s conce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey V. Molchanov

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the ideas of P.Ya. Galperin on the nature of moral behaviour and the basic patterns of internal responsibility in childhood and adolescence. Distinctive features of objective and subjective responsibility, internal and external responsibility are highlighted. It is argued that internal responsibility expresses the person’s attitude to society and social groups and might be developed only if involved in certain relations and implemented in socially useful activities, i.e. if it is significant for other people. The psychological roles of cooperation for of responsibility are compared in J. Piaget’s works and P.Ya. Galperin’s scientific theory. The research results of internal responsibility in primary school students and adolescents conducted by P.Ya. Galperin and T.V. Morozkina are discussed. The decisive role of value orientation and motivation in solving «affective type» problems and in moral behaviour is shown. According philosophy issues, responsibility is considered as a perceived necessity, which assumes a free moral choice. Three criteria of moral responsibility are introduced: the causal relationship between the subject’s behaviour and its consequence, subject’s ability to predict the possible consequences of his/her behaviour, the possibility of free choice. The psychological content of responsibility is the subject’s commitment and further response regulated by a certain system of norms and regulations on the basis of moral choice and self-regulation. The distinction between the action device and motive as the accepted moral basis for behaviour has been introduced. Accordingly, responsible behaviour is considered as willful behaviour. The genesis of strong-will behaviour is associated with social relations and moral values and is developed in the course of cooperation. Conditions of orientation in moral choice as a prerequisite for actualizing the individual’s internal responsibility are discussed.

  7. Discussion on cleaning and maintenance of YA system reverse osmosis membrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu Yidong

    2012-01-01

    According to the overproof of pollution data of YA system reverse osmosis membrane in extension project, the daily maintenance company is using chemical cleaning on reverse osmosis unit to eliminate the pollution blindly, the fixed prescription, fixed dosage and high frequency of the chemical cleaning. The writer analyzed the cause of the membrane pollution and commended several chemical cleaning methods by the long-period study of the system, and also some suggestion, according to the status of operational site, for the daily maintenance. (author)

  8. Magical Realism and Trauma in Yaşar Kemal's The Pomegranate on the Knoll

    OpenAIRE

    Stürmer, Franziska

    2015-01-01

    Yaşar Kemals Erzählung Der Granatapfelbaum schildert detailliert den Überlebenskampf der Bauern der Çukurova in Zeiten der Mechanisierung. Sobald die Figuren allerdings versuchen, Bewältigungsstrategien für das erlebte Elend zu entwerfen, wird die realistische Darstellung überschritten. Durch Verfahren traumatisch-magi-scher Imagination entzieht sich der Text rationalen Bewältigungsmustern und macht so die emotionale Belastung der Figuren für den Leser erfahrbar. Kemal gelingt es, das Elend d...

  9. Tlhalošontši ya mongwalo: Go ngwala seo se sa tšweletšego ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bontši bja baithuti ba maleme a Bathobaso ga bo tšee mongwalo go ba ye nngwe ya dithutwana tše bohlokwa tša maleme. Ka fao barutwana le batho ba bangwe ba go kgona go bala le go ngwala ga ba sa na le taba le thutwana ye ya mongwalo. Seo se dira gore go be le mabošaedi a mmalwa go akaretšwa a mopeleto, ...

  10. Gaz Kromatografisinde Farklı Polaritede İki Farklı Kapiler Kolon Kullanılarak Çeşitli Yağlardaki Yağ Asitlerinin Cis-Trans İzomerlerinin Analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harun Dıraman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kromatografik yöntemler sayesinde belirli bir karışım, en mükemmel bir şekilde bileşenlerine ayrılabilmektedir. Son yıllarda gaz kromatografisinde yüksek ayrım gücüne sahip olmalarından dolayı kapiler kolon kullanımı yaygınlaşmıştır. Bu çalışmada gaz kromatografisinde farklı polaritede iki kapiler (J&W DB-23 ve HP-5 kolon kullanılarak çeşitli yağlarda (tereyağı, palm-olein yağı, rafine mısır özü yağı, naturel zeytinyağı, susam yağı, rafine ayçiçek yağı yağ asitlerinin cis-trans izomerleri incelenmiştir. Yağlardaki trans yağ asitleri düzeylerinin tıp dün­yası tarafından kalp rahatsızlıklarına ilişkin bir risk faktörü olarak önem arzettiği bilinmektedir. Diyetlerdeki trans yağ asitlerinin kandaki HDL kolesterolü düşürürken LDL kolesterolü arttırdığı çeşitli klinik araştırmalar ile gösterilmiştir. Kromatografik analizlerin tamamı aynı şartlar altın­da DB-23 ve HP-5 kapiler kolonlar kutlanılarak HP-6890 - GC cihazında yapılmıştır. Analiz edilen bütün yağ örneklerinde sadece DB-23 kolonu ile trans yağ asitleri tesbit edilebilmiştir. HP-5 kolonu trans yağ asitleri ve linoleik ve linolenik asit gibi asitleri izomerlerini ayıramamıştır. Her iki kolon­dan elde edilen kromatogramlardan, DB-23 kolonunun HP-5 kolonundan daha iyi ayırdığı anlaşılmaktadır. Analiz edilen tereyağı örneklerinde trans yağ asitleri değişim sınırlan sırası ile C14: -, t 0,67-0,91, C16: -(t 0,29 -0,37; C18: -,t (elaidik asit olarak %0,65-1,64; (C18:2 t + C18:3 t toplam değerleri ise %0,14-0,28 arasında bulunmuştur. Bitkisel sıvı yağ örneklerinde ise bu değerler - miristik asidin trans değeri hariç - sırası ile %0,005-0,03, %0,009-0,05 (elaidik asit, %0,08-0,34 olmuştur. Araştırma örneklerinde en yüksek elaidik asit değeri de tereyağında %1,64 olarak belirlenmiştir.

  11. New Boundary Layer Facility at Andøya, 69N 16E

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gausa, M. A.; Reuder, J.; Blindheim, S.

    2016-12-01

    The present presentation introduces an inative for a new boundary layer research facility on the island of Andøya (69N,16E) in Norway. The facility will appreciate international cooperation and contributions.Most boundary layer observatories (as e.g. the Lindenberg Observatory in Germany, the Cabauw facility in the Netherlands, or the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory in the US) are located in mid latitudes. Arctic or sub-arctic stations are rare or not representative due to their location in valleys (e.g. Ny Ålesund). In addition, most of the existing sites are representative for a continental boundary layer and do not allow to observe coupling processes to the free troposphere and the upper atmosphere. The island of Andøya has a unique location at 69N. To the West, Andøya is open to the Norwegian Sea. Its orology maintains an almost undisturbed marine boundary on the foreseen location under SW and W wind weather conditions. Due to rugged mountains, other wind directions provide a more transformed PBL. The understanding of the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL), in particular with respect to turbulence and turbulent exchange processes, is crucial for a wide range of science fields and environmental monitoring tasks: To name a few: basic atmospheric science, monitoring of pollutants, weather forecast, and climate projection. The PBL is consequently research focus for several research groups, which investigate the empirical and theoretical description of this complex height region. In particular, in high latitudes this lowermost layer of the atmosphere the understanding is poor. The following research topics of the new facility are foreseen: present climate projections show their largest bias in polar regions; this is mostly attributed to inappropriate parameterization of PBL processes in the numerical models forecasts of extreme weather events at high latitudes, e.g. of Polar lows with their potential of hazards for infrastructure and traffic, are still poor for the

  12. Long term observations of polar mesospheric echoes at Andøya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latteck, Ralph; Strelnikova, Irina; Renkwitz, Toralf; Sommer, Svenja

    2016-04-01

    Polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE) are strong enhancements of received signal power at very high radar frequencies occurring at altitudes between about 80 and 95 km at polar latitudes during summer. These echoes are caused by inhomogeneities in the electron density of the radar Bragg scale within the plasma of the cold summer mesopause region in the presence of negatively charged ice particles. Thus the occurrence of PMSE contains information about mesospheric temperature and water vapour content but also depends on the ionisation due to solar electromagnetic radiation and precipitating high energetic particles. Continuous observations of PMSE have been done on the North-Norwegian island Andøya (69.3°N, 16.0°E) since 1994 using different VHF radars. The PMSE occurrence rate is positively correlated with the geomagnetic Ap index, however not correlated with the solar Lyman α radiation and shows a significant positive trend during the time interval from 1994 until 2012. VHF radar echoes have been observed also during winter times but in the mid mesosphere from about 55 to 85 km altitude. These so called polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) have been observed continuously at Andøya since 2004 using the ALWIN VHF radar (until 2008) and the Middle Atmosphere Alomar Radar System MAARSY (since 2011). Using the more sensitive MAARSY compared to the previous VHF radar systems operated at the site, results in more detections characterized by smaller volume reflectivity values down to 4 ṡ 10-18m-1. The end of the winter season is now hard to determine since mesospheric echoes have also been observed below altitudes of 80 km during non winter months, particularly around the end of May, i.e. the beginning of the polar mesospheric summer echo season. These observations indicate that the physical mechanism for creating the lower mesospheric echoes is present during the early summer months as well. We present results from long term observations of polar mesospheric

  13. See ya later calculator simple math tricks you can do in your head

    CERN Document Server

    Portable Press, Editors of

    2017-01-01

    See Ya Later Calculator demystifies numbers and math. With these simple, precise, and downright magical math tricks, readers can do everyday math faster than it takes to dig out their phone and find the calculator app. Clear, step-by-step, easily memorizable directions demonstrate more than 125 math operations anyone can do in their head. Plus, it features do-it-yourself math projects, puzzles, and even a bonus section for advanced mathophiles. Get ready to tackle fun problems such as… How to easily square any number How to add three-digit numbers How to use a mirror to measure the height of a building. How to make a ruler out of a dollar bill How to use geometry to paint walls, cut floor tiling, and do other home renovations How to subtract numbers…by adding And lots more...no calculator required.

  14. Who can I trust? Extended fear during and after the Utøya terrorist attack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filkuková, Petra; Hafstad, Gertrud Sofie; Jensen, Tine K

    2016-07-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate specific peritraumatic reactions among adolescent and young adult survivors of the 2011 terrorist attack on Utøya Island, Norway. The authors focused specifically on a phenomenon that has so far not been thoroughly investigated: fear of nondangerous stimuli ("extended fear") during and immediately after the traumatic event. In total, 325 survivors of the shooting on Utøya Island were interviewed 4-5 months after the attack and provided a free narrative of the event. Posttraumatic stress symptoms were assessed using the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index; depression and anxiety were assessed using HSCL-8. For the purpose of the current study, the authors chose participants who were under the age of 26 at the time of the terrorist attack (M = 18.4 years), which constituted the vast majority of the total sample (93%). The authors found that 54% of the sample felt threatened during and immediately after the attack, not only by the perpetrator himself, but by other people as well; in most cases by people who came to help them (medical personnel, policemen, volunteers). The participants who mentioned experiencing extended fear in their trauma narratives had significantly higher scores of posttraumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression 5 months after the attack than participants who did not peritraumatically experience extended fear. Early detection of extended fear can help in identifying individuals who will later develop symptomatology. In addition, knowledge of the phenomenon could help policemen and medical personnel understand survivors' seemingly irrational reactions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  15. Escurecimento interno de pêra asiática 'Ya Li' durante o armazenamento refrigerado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRACKMANN AURI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pêra 'Ya Li' apresenta escurecimento da polpa poucos dias após o armazenamento refrigerado. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar condições de armazenamento visando a diminuir os danos pela baixa temperatura inicial em peras 'Ya Li'. As condições iniciais estabelecidas foram: 1 0ºC; 2 5ºC, nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 0,7ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 3 10ºC nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 4 10º C nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias, sempre em atmosfera controlada (2,0kPa de O2 e < 1,0kPa de CO2; 5 10ºC nos 10 dias iniciais, com posterior exposição direta dos frutos a 0ºC. Em seqüência aos tratamentos iniciais, os frutos foram submetidos ao armazenamento refrigerado a 0ºC, com exceção do tratamento "4" que foi mantido continuamente em atmosfera controlada. Após 52 dias de armazenamento, verificou-se escurecimento interno, superior a 68% em todos os tratamentos. As temperaturas mais elevadas, no início, não evitaram a ocorrência do escurecimento durante o armazenamento.

  16. Chemical characteristics of rainwater in Sichuan basin, a case study of Ya'an.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun-Chun; Zhang, Meng; Shu, Man; Ho, Steven Sai Hang; Liu, Zi-Fang; Wang, Xian-Xiang; Zhao, Xiao-Qing

    2016-07-01

    Rainwater chemistry was investigated at a semi-rural site in Ya'an, Sichuan basin with rain samples collected from May 2013 to July 2014. The rainwater pH values ranged from 3.25 to 6.86, with an annual volume-weighted mean (VWM) of 4.38, and the acid rain frequency was 74 %. Such severe acidification, 15 % of the total events showed a pH below 4.0, attributed to the deficiency of Ca(2+), significant anthropogenic pollution contribution, and rainy pattern to this area. The annual VWM of total ions concentration was 477.19 μeq/L. NH4 (+) was the most abundant ionic species, followed by SO4 (2-), NO3 (-), Ca(2+), Cl(-), Na(+), K(+), Mg(2+), and F(-) in a descending order. The total ionic concentrations presented a seasonal trend of lower values in autumn and summer but higher ones in winter and spring. Based on enrichment factor, correlation analysis and principle component analysis, three factors were identified: factor 1 (NH4 (+), SO4 (2-), NO3 (-), K(+), and Cl(-), 47.45 % of the total variance) related to anthropogenic sources (coal/fuel combustion, biomass burning and agriculture), factor 2 (Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), and Cl(-), 34.01 % of the total variance) associated with natural sources, and factor 3 (H(+), 11.78 % of the total variance) related to free acidity. Back trajectory analysis indicates that the rainwater chemistry in Ya'an was mainly affected by regional air masses from Sichuan basin. Long-range transported air masses from southwest with heavy anthropogenic pollution increased the total ion concentration and acidity of rainwater. Considering its special topography, anthropogenic emissions from regional and long-range transport (especially from southwest) must be controlled effectively to improve the acid rain condition of non-urban areas in Sichuan basin.

  17. Bazı Tıbbi ve Aromatik Bitkilerde Esansiyel Yağların Antimikrobiyal Aktivitelerinin Belirlenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    UCAR, Esra; ODABAŞ KÖSE, Elif; ÖZYİĞİT, Yaşar; TURGUT, Kenan

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışma bazı tıbbi ve aromatik bitki yağlarının bakteriler üzerine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla 2014 yılında Akdeniz Üniversitesi’nde yürütülmüştür. Çalışma kapsamında İzmir kekiği (Origanum onites), biberiye (Rosmarinus officinalis) ve şeker otu (Stevia rebaudiana) bitkilerinin esansiyel yağları hidrodistilasyon yöntemiyle çıkartılmış ve elde edilen esansiyel yağların bazı bakteriler (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 Ent...

  18. Protein Esaslı Yağ İkame Maddesi Kullanımının Yağsız Yoğurdun Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Sezen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, protein esaslı yağ ikame maddesi olan Dairy-Lo™ 'nun %1 ve %2 gibi iki farklı oranı kullanılarak, rekonstitüe sütten üretilen, yağsız set tipi yoğurtların fiziksel, kimyasal, tekstürel ve duyusal özellikleri incelenmiştir. Yoğurt örneklerinde depolamanın 1., 7. ve 15. günlerinde titrasyon asitliği, pH, asetaldehit, laktik asit, serum ayrılması, viskozite, konsistens değerleri saptanmıştır. Ayrıca yoğurt örneklerinde duyusal değerlendirmeler de yapılmıştır.  Bu çalışma sonucu elde edilen bulgular, protein esaslı yağ ikame maddesi Dairy-Lo™ ilavesinin yağsız yoğurdun konsistens ve viskozitesini artırıp, serum ayrılmasını azalttığını göstermiştir. Dairy-Lo™ 'nun %2 oranında kullanımının yağsız set tip yoğurdun kalitesini iyileştirdiği belirlenmiştir.

  19. Comparaison du Srōš Drōn avec le Drōn Yašt

    OpenAIRE

    Redard, Céline

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws a parallel between two texts having the same textual base: The Srōš Drōn, derived from the Long Liturgy and the Drōn Yašt, belonging to the short liturgies. The goal is to establish the similarities and the discrepancies between these two texts. Peer reviewed

  20. The plant component of an Acheulian diet at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melamed, Yoel; Kislev, Mordechai E; Geffen, Eli; Lev-Yadun, Simcha; Goren-Inbar, Naama

    2016-12-20

    Diet is central for understanding hominin evolution, adaptation, and environmental exploitation, but Paleolithic plant remains are scarce. A unique macrobotanical assemblage of 55 food plant taxa from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel includes seeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and plants producing underground storage organs. The food plant remains were part of a diet that also included aquatic and terrestrial fauna. This diverse assemblage, 780,000 y old, reflects a varied plant diet, staple plant foods, environmental knowledge, seasonality, and the use of fire in food processing. It provides insight into the wide spectrum of the diet of mid-Pleistocene hominins, enhancing our understanding of their adaptation from the perspective of subsistence. Our results shed light on hominin abilities to adjust to new environments, facilitating population diffusion and colonization beyond Africa. We reconstruct the major vegetal foodstuffs, while considering the possibility of some detoxification by fire. The site, located in the Levantine Corridor through which several hominin waves dispersed out of Africa, provides a unique opportunity to study mid-Pleistocene vegetal diet and is crucial for understanding subsistence aspects of hominin dispersal and the transition from an African-based to a Eurasian diet.

  1. Gebelikte eşlerin cinsel yaşamı ve etkileyen etmenlerin incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Bilen Sadi, Zerrin

    2014-01-01

    Bu araştırma gebelikte eşlerin cinsel yaşamının ve etkileyen etmenlerin incelenmesi amacıyla planlanmıştır. Kesitsel tipteki araştırmanın örneklemini 15.06.11–15.09.11 tarihleri arasında Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Anabilim Dalı Antenatal Bakım Polikliniği'ne başvuran gebeler ve eşleri oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmaya 105 çift katılmaya gönüllü olmuştur. Araştırma verileri araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen ve kadın ve erkek için ayrı ayrı oluşturulan an...

  2. Shame and guilt in the aftermath of terror: the Utøya Island study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Thoresen, Siri; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Røysamb, Espen; Dyb, Grete

    2014-10-01

    In recent years, there has been increased interest in trauma-related shame and guilt and their relationship to mental health. Little is known, however, about shame and guilt following mass traumas, such as terrorism. This study investigates the potential associations of trauma-related shame and guilt with posttraumatic stress (PTS) reactions after the terrorist attack of July 22, 2011 on Utøya Island in Norway. Interviews were conducted with 325 of the 490 survivors 4 to 5 months after the event. Multiple linear regression analyses were employed to investigate associations. In the month previous to the interview, 44.1% (n = 143) of participants had experienced at least some guilt for what happened during the attack, and 30.5% (n = 99) had experienced at least some shame. Shame and guilt were both uniquely associated with PTS reactions after adjusting for terror exposure, gender, and other potential confounders (frequent shame: B = 0.54, frequent guilt: B = 0.33). We concluded that trauma-related shame and guilt are related to mental health after mass trauma. Copyright © 2014 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  3. S-32: U-14 Yaş Erkek Futbolcuların Teknik-Taktik Değerlendirmesi ve Atletik Performanslarında Relatif Yaşın Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raziye Dut

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Aynı kronolojik yaşta doğum tarihi erken olanların sporda yetenek seçimlerinde avantajlı oldukları bilinmektedir Ancak spora özgü motivasyonda, fonksiyonel kapasitede relatif yaş etkisinin olmadığını gösteren çalışmalar da vardır. AMAÇ: Aynı kronolojik yaştaki erkek futbolcularda teknik/taktik ve atletik performans değerlendirmelerinde relatif yaş etkisini incelemektir. GEREÇ-YÖNTEM: U-14 milli takım seçilme kampına davet edilen 286 erkek futbolcunun, teknik; topa yatkınlık, yaratıcılık, hava hakimiyeti, orta kalitesi, rakip eksiltme ve şut kalitesi, taktik ise pozisyon bilgisi, erken karar, doğru karar, sezgi-erken uyarı, oyunun iki yönü atak ve savunma alt boyutları (1-10 puanlandırıldı. Dikey sıçrama, 10m-20m-30m hız, YOYO IRT1, dayanıklılık, çabukluk-çeviklik, çıkış hızı, maksimal hız gibi atletik performans puanları ile karşılaştırıldı. Veriler ortanca ve Inter Quartile Rate (IQR ile özetlendi. Gruplar arası farklılıklarda Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, post hoc Tukey testleri kullanıldı. P0,05 idi. SONUÇ: Seçilmiş U-14 yaş kategorisinde teknik-taktik ve atletik performans değerlendirmelerinde relatif yaş etkisi bulamadık. Futbol gibi yüksek performanslı bir takım sporunda yetenek, performans kadar teknik ve taktik de erken dönemde geliştirilmeli, yönlendirilmelidir.

  4. Küçük Yaştaki Ensest Olgularında Tanı ve Adli Süreçte Yaşanan Sorunlar Nedeniyle Üç Olgu Sunumu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saniye Korkmaz

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Ensest çocuğun bir başka aile üyesi tarafından cinsel istismara maruz bırakılması olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Ensestin ortaya çıkma sıklığı yaygınlığından çok daha azdır. Ensest yalnızca çocukta değil tüm ailede önemli dinamik ve toplumsal değişiklikler oluşturmaktadır. Çocuk Psikiyatri kliniklerine yapılan başvurular çoğu kez yasal yollardandır. Küçük yaştaki çocukların hem zihinsel, duygusal özellikleri hem de ailenin baskı ve etkisi rapor düzenleme sürecini etkileyebilmektedir. Bu yazıda kliniğimize ensest şüphesiyle başvuran üç olgunun tanı ve adli rapor düzenlenmesinde yaşanan güçlükleri tartışmak ve bu alanda oluşturulabilecek standart normları gündeme getirmek amaçlanmıştır. Olgu A 5,5 yaşında öz baba - kız ensesti şüphesi, olgu B, 5,5 yaşında öz baba-oğul ensesti, olgu C 4,5 yaşında üvey baba-kız ensesti şüphesidir. Bu yazıda 3 olgunun sosyodemografik, aile özellikleri, şimdiki psikiyatrik durumları, psikometrik inceleme sonuçları ile birlikte ele alınarak tanı ve yasal süreçte yaşanan güçlükler tartışılmıştır. Böylesi çalışmaların multidisipliner ekiplerce yapılması gerektiğini düşünüyoruz. Anahtar sözcükler: Çocuk, ensest, yasal süreç.

  5. Theses\\' subjects chosen from public needs: Experience of Yazd Health Study (YaHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AA Dehghanitaftiti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Yazd Health Study (YaHS is an endeavor to involve students in design, implementation and analysis of a large study. Over 150 graduate and post graduate students from various disciplines have been invited to participate in a large longitudinal study with 10000 samples. Participants were selected randomly from Yazd population, over 1000000 as December 2014. Four hundred variables grouped in the following sections were asked 1 demographics, 2 physical activity, 3sleep quality and quantity, 4 mental health, 5 history y of chronic illnesses, 6 history of surgical operations, 7 dental health, 8 history of accidents, 9 dietetic habits, 10 occupation and communication history, 11 traditional medicine, 12 history of smoking and addiction and 13 women’s health. The interview follows by anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, neck circumference and WHR. Per cent body fat, % body muscle, visceral fat, resting metabolism have been measured followed by pulse and blood pressure. Students were trained to participate in design, piloting and the main phase of data collection. Students evaluated the experience useful and constructive. In return of their collaboration in interviewing 50-100 study participants, they will receive data for their theses' proposal. This will help them to access a large and high quality set of data and disseminate the results in high quality peer reviewed journals as well as national and international conferences. The students mandated to write an executive summary of their thesis and disseminate it to health managers and inter-sectoral decision makers. They will gain bonus score if they can publish their main findings in public media. Acknowledgments: Thanks to students who participated in the study and A. Professor Masoud Mirzaei, the principal investigator of Yazd Health Study (YAHS for providing information on the design and the progress of the study.

  6. Disaster nursing experiences of Chinese nurses responding to the Sichuan Ya'an earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y H; Li, S J; Chen, S H; Xie, X P; Song, Y Q; Jin, Z H; Zheng, X Y

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the disaster experiences of nurses called to assist survivors one month after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. China has experienced an increasing number of earthquake disasters in the past four decades. Although a health and disaster management system was initiated after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, nurses' roles and experiences in a disaster have been overlooked. The researchers used qualitative descriptive design that included 16 participants. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observation notes, after which a qualitative content analysis was conducted. Three major themes emerged: the process of being dispatched from hospitals to the disaster zone, the effort involved in getting to and working in the affected site and reflecting on the challenges they encountered. About half of the participants had received disaster nursing training before deploying to the disaster site, but they consistently expressed a lack of physical and psychological preparedness regarding the process of being dispatched from their hospitals to the disaster zone. This was a single-incident experience. Caution should be taken when trying to extend the findings to other parts of China. These findings highlighted the need for disaster in-service training as well as for having disaster plans in place. Hospital and nursing leaders should provide disaster training opportunities that included topics such as compiling resource inventories, formulating disaster drills and simulations, managing emergencies, and using emergency communication methods. Health policy-makers should be required to prioritize capacity-building training for front-line nurses as well as to develop and implement disaster management plans to better prepare nurses for future disasters. © 2016 International Council of Nurses.

  7. Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Tohum Yağları ve Özellikleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şükran Kuleaşan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Günümüzde genetik mühendisliğinin tarımsal uygulamalardaki gelişimi sayesinde yağ bitkilerinde genetik modifikasyonlar yapılarak tohum yağının yağ asidi kompozisyonunu belirlemek olanaklı hale gelmiştir. Dünya'da bitkisel yağ üretiminin yaklaşık olarak 87 milyon ton olduğu bildirilmektedir. Bu üretimin ekonomik değeri ise 40 milyar Amerikan Doları'dır. Yağların insan beslenmesindeki öneminin yanı sıra bitkisel yağ asitleri, sabun, deterjan, gres, biyoyakıt, kozmetik ve boya sanayi için de hammadde niteliğindedir. Bu nedenle bitkisel yağlara olan ilgi son yıllarda giderek artmaktadır. Ayrıca bitkisel üretim fazlası yağın, petrole alternatif olarak kullanılabileceği de belirtilmektedir.

  8. Comparação fonológica do kuruáya com o mundurukú

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes Júnior, Djalma Gomes

    2010-01-01

    No presente trabalho, seguindo o método histórico-comparativo, desenvolveu-se um estudo comparativo da fonologia das línguas Kuruáya e Mundurukú, constituintes da família lingüística Mundurukú, tronco Tupí. São apresentados dados mais sistemáticos para a consolidação da família Mundurukú, incluindo dados inéditos da língua Kuruáya. São comparados, sistematicamente, consoantes, vogais e padrões silábicos, considerando os fatores que condicionam algumas mudanças. ________________________...

  9. AHP 10: Fuel and Solar Cooker Impact in Ya na gdung Village, Gcan tsha County, Mtsho sngon (Qinghai) Province

    OpenAIRE

    Rdo rje don 'grub རྡོ་རྗེ་དོན་འགྲུབ། (Duojieduanzhi 多杰端智)

    2011-01-01

    Eight accounts and discussion detail challenges faced by Ya na gdung (Yanadong) Tibetan and Muslim fellow villagers in acquiring fossil fuels, related concerns, and provide historical perspective on local fuel collection. Solar cookers have alleviated certain challenges of fuel collection, reduced exposure to smoke-filled kitchens, and provided other benefits; however, solar cooking technology needs to be further developed to increase cooker portability and decrease he...

  10. AHP 10: Fuel and Solar Cooker Impact in Ya na gdung Village, Gcan tsha County, Mtsho sngon (Qinghai Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rdo rje don 'grub རྡོ་རྗེ་དོན་འགྲུབ། (Duojieduanzhi 多杰端智

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Eight accounts and discussion detail challenges faced by Ya na gdung (Yanadong Tibetan and Muslim fellow villagers in acquiring fossil fuels, related concerns, and provide historical perspective on local fuel collection. Solar cookers have alleviated certain challenges of fuel collection, reduced exposure to smoke-filled kitchens, and provided other benefits; however, solar cooking technology needs to be further developed to increase cooker portability and decrease heating time.

  11. Razones para vivir en jóvenes adultos: validación del RFL-YA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Cassaretto B.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Reasons for living in young adults: Validation of the RFL-YAThe study analyses the psychometric properties of the Reasons for Living Inventory for Young Adults (RFL-YA in a group of 368 university students from Lima, Peru, from both sexes and whose ages fluctuate between 16 and 30 years of age. The instruments used were the RFL-YA (Gutiérrez et al., 2002, Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC (1993 and Hert’s Hope Scale (Arnau, Martínez, Niño de Guzmán, Herth & Yoshiyuki, 2010 in order to determine the convergent validity of the RFL-YA. Results show elevated reliability indexes. A 0.93 coefficient for the whole test and a 0.83 and 0.92 for each of the areas of the test. The factorial structure is adequate, and all 5 factors were reproduced with a 63.74% of explained variance. The correlation between the Sense of Coherence Scale and the Hope Scale resulted positive, high and significant, thus confirming the validity and reliability of the inventory for similar populations.

  12. Yağı Azaltılmış Et Ürünleri Üretim Tekniği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meltem Serdaroğlu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Son yıllarda tüketiciler diyetlerinde yağ ve kalori alımını sınırlamak amacıyla yağsız veya yağı azaltılmış gıdalara yönelmektedirler. Az yağlı et ürünlerinin üretiminde yağın azaltılması çeşitli teknolojik problemlere yol açarak ürünün kabul edilebilirliğini azaltmaktadır. Yağı azaltılan et ürünlerinde formülasyonda çeşitli katkıların kullanımı duyusal özelliklerin tüketici tercihi doğrultusunda iyileştirilmesini sağlamaktadır. Yapılan çalışmada et ürünlerinde yağın azaltılması ile ortaya çıkan problemler ve çeşitli katkıların kullanımı literatüre dayanılarak incelenmiştir.

  13. Detrital zircon provenance from the Atomfjella Complex and Mosselhavøya Group, northern Ny Friesland, Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazarnik, Jakub; McClelland, William C.; Majka, Jarosław; Kośmińska, Karolina; Piepjohn, Karsten

    2017-04-01

    Northern Ny Friesland is underlain by metamorphic tectonites broadly assigned to the Atomfjella Complex and Mosselhalvøya (Planetfjella) Group within Svalbard's Eastern Caledonian Basement Province. The Atomfjella Complex is dominated by orthogneiss and psammitic metasedimentary rocks exposed within the ca. 150 km long, north-south trending Atomfjella Antiform. The Mosselhalvøya Group is composed of semipelite, psammite, and subordinate marble and plagioclase-rich schist. The Mosselhalvøya Group is juxtaposed with the Atomfjella Complex along an east-dipping reverse fault. Detrital zircons from 6 samples of the Atomfjella Complex and 2 samples of the Mosselhavøya Group were analyzed for U/Pb by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) at the Arizona LaserChron Center. Samples of the Polhem and Bangenhuk units of the Atomfjella Complex yielded euhedral oscillatory zoned zircon grains that define unimodal peaks at 1730 and 1755 Ma, respectively. Samples from the Sørbreen and Vassfaret units of the Atomfjella Complex contained subround oscillatory zoned zircon grains with very thin CL-bright rims. Both samples define prominent peaks at ca. 1740, 1970 and 2650-2750 Ma and lesser peaks at 2400-2500, 2900-3000, and 3100-3300 Ma. A similar distribution is observed for a sample from the Smutsbreen unit of the Atomfjella Complex, but additional peaks are observed at 1230 and 1460 Ma. Zircons from the Smutsbreen sample are also texturally similar but also contain obvious rounded zircon fragments that are lacking in the Sørbreen and Vassfaret populations. Samples from the Flåen and Vildadalen Formations of the Mosselhalvøya Group yielded subround to round, oscillatory zoned grains with no or very thin metamorphic rims. Rounded zircon fragments are abundant in both samples. The zircon characteristics and age distributions of the Mosselhalvøya Group samples are similar to those from a sample of the Rittervatnet unit of the Atomfjella

  14. Fasihi ya Kiswahili ya Majaribio: Makutano ya Fasihi Simulizi na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (14); Eritrea (1); Ethiopia (30); Ghana (27); Kenya (29); Lesotho (1); Libya (2); Madagascar (1); Malawi (4); Mauritius (3); Mozambique (1); Nigeria (221); Rwanda (3); Senegal (6); Sierra Leone (1); South Africa (96); South Sudan (1); Sudan (3); Swaziland (3); Tanzania (19); Togo (1); Tunisia (2); Uganda (12); Zambia (2) ...

  15. Long-Term Effects of Extreme Trauma on Sleep Quality and the Circadian Rhythm of Sleep and Wakefulness: An Actigraphy Study of Utøya Survivors

    OpenAIRE

    Ugland, Kaja Skullerud; Landrø, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    The terror attack at Utøya Island in 2011 was a national tragedy. Most of the survivors were adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore how sleep and circadian rhythm of sleep and wakefulness was affected after the Utøya massacre. In addition we wanted to examine the general sleep pattern among adolescents. Methods: 42 Utøya survivors and 46 control subjects matched on gender, age and socio- demographical variables were studied 18-30 months after the attack. Sleep was assessed by ac...

  16. ¿América Latina ya no es católica? Pluralismo cultural y religioso creciente

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian PARKER

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: Estamos en presencia del pluralismo en el campo religioso latinoamericano. América Latina ya no es católica en el sentido tradicional del término. Han crecido las otras religiones –entre ellas el protestantismo pentecostal– y también es notable la presencia de no creyentes y de «católicos a mi manera». Esta transformación tiene raíces en la expansión de la educación, en el acceso a los medios de comunicación (incluyendo Internet) y en la creciente presencia de movimientos sociales e ...

  17. MtNF-YA1, a central transcriptional regulator of symbiotic nodule development, is also a determinant of Medicago truncatula susceptibility towards a root pathogen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Rey

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Plant NF-Y transcription factors control a wide array of biological functions enabling appropriate reproductive and developmental processes as well as adaptation to various abiotic and biotic environments. In Medicago truncatula, MtNF-YA1 was previously identified as a key determinant for nodule development and establishment of rhizobial symbiosis. Here we highlight a new role for this protein in compatibility to Aphanomyces euteiches, a root pathogenic oomycete. The Mtnf-ya1-1 mutant plants showed better survival rate, reduced symptoms, and increased development of their root apparatus as compared to their wild type background A17. MtNF-YA-1 was specifically up-regulated by A. euteiches in F83005.5, a highly susceptible natural accession of M. truncatula while transcript level remained stable in A17, which is partially resistant. The role of MtNF-YA1 in F83005.5 susceptibility was further documented by reducing MtNF-YA1 expression either by overexpression of the miR169q, a microRNA targeting MtNF-YA1, or by RNAi approaches leading to a strong enhancement in the resistance of this susceptible line. Comparative analysis of the transcriptome of wild type and Mtnf-ya1-1 led to the identification of 1509 differentially expressed genes. Among those, almost 36 defence-related genes were constitutively expressed in Mtnf-ya1-1, while 20 genes linked to hormonal pathways were repressed. In summary, we revealed an unexpected dual role for this symbiotic transcription factor as a key player in the compatibility mechanisms to a pathogen.

  18. Yabani Hardal (Sinapsis arvensis L. Tohumu ve Yağlarının Bazı Bileşim Özellikleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa Özcan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tohum örneğinde bin tane ağırlığı ve irilik, su, ham kül, protein, yağ ve selüloz uçucu yağ miktarları belirlenmiştir. Tohum yağında nispi yoğunluk, kırılma indisi, serbest yağ asitleri, peroksit sayısı, iyot sayısı, sabunlaşma sayısı ve sabunlaşmayan madde tayin edilmiştir. Gaz kromatografisi yöntemiyle %0.25 uçucu yağda %95.40 allil izotiyosiyanat, %22.52 sabit yağda başlıca; %29.62 oleik, %24.18 linoleik, %20.65 erüsik ve %16.52 linolenik asitler saptanmıştır.

  19. MiYA, an efficient machine-learning workflow in conjunction with the YeastFab assembly strategy for combinatorial optimization of heterologous metabolic pathways in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yikang; Li, Gang; Dong, Junkai; Xing, Xin-Hui; Dai, Junbiao; Zhang, Chong

    2018-04-05

    Facing boosting ability to construct combinatorial metabolic pathways, how to search the metabolic sweet spot has become the rate-limiting step. We here reported an efficient Machine-learning workflow in conjunction with YeastFab Assembly strategy (MiYA) for combinatorial optimizing the large biosynthetic genotypic space of heterologous metabolic pathways in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using β-carotene biosynthetic pathway as example, we first demonstrated that MiYA has the power to search only a small fraction (2~5%) of combinatorial space to precisely tune the expression level of each gene with a machine-learning algorithm of ANN ensemble to avoid over-fitting problem when dealing with a small number of training samples. We then applied MiYA to improve the biosynthesis of violacein. Feed with initial data from a colorimetric plate-based, pre-screened pool of 24 strains producing violacein, MiYA successfully predicted, and verified experimentally, the existence of a strain that showed a 2.42-fold titer improvement in violacein production among 3,125 possible designs. Furthermore, MiYA was able to largely avoid the branch pathway of violacein biosynthesis that makes deoxyviolacein, and produces very pure violacein. Together, MiYA combines the advantages of standardized building blocks and machine learning to accelerate the Design-Build-Test-Learn (DBTL) cycle for combinatorial optimization of metabolic pathways, which could significantly accelerate the development of microbial cell factories. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  20. A new upper jurassic ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur from the Slottsmøya Member, Agardhfjellet formation of central Spitsbergen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aubrey Jane Roberts

    Full Text Available Abundant new ichthyosaur material has recently been documented in the Slottsmøya Member of the Agardhfjellet Formation from the Svalbard archipelago of Norway. Here we describe a partial skeleton of a new taxon, Janusaurus lundi, that includes much of the skull and representative portions of the postcranium. The new taxon is diagnosed by a suite of cranial character states including a very gracile stapedial shaft, the presence of a dorsal process on the prearticular and autapomorphic postcranial features such as the presence of an interclavicular trough and a conspicuous anterodorsal process of the ilium. The peculiar morphology of the ilia indicates a previously unrecognized degree of morphological variation in the pelvic girdle of ophthalmosaurids. We also present a large species level phylogenetic analysis of ophthalmosaurids including new and undescribed ichthyosaur material from the Upper Jurassic of Svalbard. Our results recover all Svalbard taxa in a single unresolved polytomy nested within Ophthalmosaurinae, which considerably increases the taxonomic composition of this clade. The paleobiogeographical implications of this result suggest the presence of a single clade of Boreal ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs that existed during the latest Jurassic, a pattern also reflected in the high degree of endemicity among some Boreal invertebrates, particularly ammonoids. Recent and ongoing descriptions of marine reptiles from the Slottsmøya Member Lagerstätte provide important new data to test hypotheses of marine amniote faunal turnover at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary.

  1. Review of the YA4-H! Youth Advocates for Health: Building Successful Youth-Adult Partnerships Training Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey M. Flesch

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Youth-adult partnerships (Y-APs are an important aspect of positive youth development programming. Creating effective Y-APs, however, requires training of both youth and adults. This article reviews the YA4-H! Youth Advocates for Health: Building Successful Youth-Adult Partnerships (Arnold, & Gifford, 2015 curriculum that is intended for use in trainings with youth and adults to assist in the formation of effective Y-APs. The 80 page curriculum covers five key areas for forming successful YA-Ps: Ice Breakers, an exploration of power, understanding youth-adult partnerships, personal traits, and reflection. The curriculum is laid out in a user-friendly manner, provides background information on youth development and Y-APs, and includes training options ranging from half-day to full weekend retreats. While it was developed for the 4-H program, it is suitable for use in any youth setting. The curriculum is comprehensive, easy to use, and a valuable addition to other published Y-AP training materials.

  2. Seasonal variation of organic matter concentration and characteristics in the Maji ya Chai River (Tanzania): Impact on treatability by ultrafiltration

    KAUST Repository

    Aschermann, Geert

    2016-05-07

    Many waters in Tanzania exhibit high concentrations of organic matter and dissolved contaminants such as fluoride. Due to bacteria and virus removal, ultrafiltration (UF) is an attractive option for drinking water treatment, and when coupled with adsorbents, may compete with other established processes like nanofiltration (NF) for lower contaminant concentrations. The results presented here examine the characteristics and treatability of tropical natural organic matter (NOM) by UF as a function of seasonal variation. The Tanzanian river Maji ya Chai was sampled monthly during one year. The composition of NOM in Maji ya Chai River is influenced strongly by precipitation. Total organic carbon (TOC), specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) and concentration of allochthonous organics substances (such as humic substances (HS)) are elevated in periods following high precipitation, while TOC is lower and contains more biopolymers in the dry seasons. UF experiments with two regenerated cellulose membranes of different molecular weight cut-off (MWCO, 5 and 10 kDa) were conducted. UF is able to remove 50–95% of TOC with a seasonal variability of 10–20%. Due to the remaining NOM in the water that would contribute to disinfection by-product formation and bacterial regrowth, the physically disinfected water is more applicable for point of use systems than distribution or storage.

  3. Silikon Yağının Bakteriyel Selüloz Üretiminde Verime Olan Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan GÜNDÜZ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, CAS kayıt numarası 63148-58-3 olan silikon yağı kullanılarak bakteriyel selüloz (BC üretiminde verime olan etkisi incelenmiş ve bazı özelliklerine bakılarak literatür ile karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla, hazırlanan Hestrin ve Schramm (HS ortamına Gluconacetobacter hansenii (Kontrol-BC ve Gluconacetobacter hansenii + Silikon (Silikon-BC yağı ilave edilerek 14 gün bekletilmiştir. Oluşan BC tabakalarının morfolojik özellikleri SEM ile incelenmiştır.  Su tutma kapasitesi Kontrol-BC ve Silikon-BC için sırasıyla; 68,31 ve 173,82 katı olarak bulunmuştur. Selüloz verimleri ise sırasıyla Kontrol-BC’de 1,054 g/l ve Silikon-BC de ise 1,234 g/l olarak belirlenmiştir. Diğer taraftan, FTIR ve TGA analizleri de yapılarak karşılaştırılmış ve benzer yapıda oldukları görülmüştür. XRD analizi sonuçlarına göre Silikon-BC ilaveli örneklerin kristalinitesinin kontrol örneğine göre daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu sonuçlara göre, silikon yağının selüloz verimi üzerinde olumlu etkisi olduğu saptanmıştır.

  4. Kekik Uçucu Yağının Ruminant Beslemede Kullanımı

    OpenAIRE

    ÜNAL, Aylin; KOCABAĞLI, Neşe

    2014-01-01

    ÖZETGeçmiş yıllarda yem katkı maddesi olarak kullanılan antibiyotikler, ruminant beslenmesinde rumen fermantasyonunu geliştirmek, performansı ve yemden yararlanmayı artırmak amacıyla yaygın bir biçimde kullanılmaktaydı. Bu kimyasal yem katkı maddelerinin insan ve hayvan sağlığını olumsuz etkilemesinden dolayı, yeni bir alternatif olan bitkisel kaynaklı yem katkı maddelerine ilgi artmıştır. Bu derlemede, kekik uçucu yağının özellikleri ile ruminant beslemede kullanımları konusunda yurt dışında...

  5. Kuzey Anadolu fay zonunun yapısal analizi ve yaşlandırılması

    OpenAIRE

    ÇAĞLAYAN, Ayşe

    2017-01-01

    Kuzey Anadolu Fay Zonu (KAFZ) yerkabuğunun en önemli aktif faylanma bölgelerinden olup tarihsel ve aletsel dönemde büyük depremler üretmiş doğrultu atımlı fay zonudur. Anadolu levhasının oluşumunu ve levhanın B-GB’ya hareketini sağlayan kabuksal ölçekteki bu zon çok sayıda segmentlerden oluşur. 1944 ve 1943 deprem segmentleri KAFZ içerisinde yüzlerce km yanal uzanımlı ve çok sayıda faylardan oluşur. Deprem segmentlerini oluşturan faylar saç örgüsü geometrisinde olup bir kısm...

  6. Assessing the latent structure of DSM-5 PTSD among Chinese adolescents after the Ya'an earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiao; Wu, Xinchun; Zhen, Rui

    2017-08-01

    To examine the underlying substructure of DSM-5 PTSD in an adolescent sample, this study used a confirmatory factor analysis alternative model approach to assess 813 adolescents two and a half years after the Ya'an earthquake. Participants completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children, and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders. The results found that the seven-factor hybrid PTSD model entailing intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviors, anxious arousal, and dysphoric arousal had significantly better fit indices than other alternative models. Depression and anxiety displayed high correlations with the seven-factor model. The findings suggested that the seven-factor model was more applicable to adolescents following the earthquake, and may carry important implications for further clinical practice and research on posttraumatic stress symptomatology. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The Island of Amsterdamøya: A key site for studying past climate in the Arctic Archipelago of Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakke, Jostein; Balascio, Nicholas; van der Bilt, Willem G. M.; Bradley, Raymond; D'Andrea, William J.; Gjerde, Marthe; Ólafsdóttir, Sædís; Røthe, Torgeir; De Wet, Greg

    2018-03-01

    This paper introduces a series of articles assembled in a special issue that explore Holocene climate evolution, as recorded in lakes on the Island of Amsterdamøya on the westernmost fringe of the Arctic Svalbard archipelago. Due to its location near the interface of oceanic and atmospheric systems sourced from Arctic and Atlantic regions, Amsterdamøya is a key site for recording the terrestrial response to marine and atmospheric changes. We employed multi-proxy approaches on lake sediments, integrating physical, biogeochemical, and isotopic analyses to infer past changes in temperature, precipitation, and glacier activity. The results comprise a series of quantitative Holocene-length paleoclimate reconstructions that reveal different aspects of past climate change. Each of the four papers addresses various facets of the Holocene climate history of north-western Svalbard, including a reconstruction of the Annabreen glacier based on the sedimentology of the distal glacier-fed lake Gjøavatnet, a reconstruction of changing hydrologic conditions based on sedimentology and stratigraphy in Lake Hakluytvatnet, reconstruction of summer temperature based on alkenone paleothermometry from lakes Hakluytvatnet and Hajeren, and a hydrogen isotope-based hydrological reconstruction from lake Hakluytvatnet. We also present high-resolution paleomagnetic secular variation data from the same lake, which document important regional magnetic field variations and demonstrate the potential for use in synchronizing Holocene sedimentary records in the Arctic. The paleoclimate picture that emerges is one of early Holocene warmth from ca. 10.5 ka BP interrupted by transient cooling ca. 10-8ka BP, and followed by cooling that mostly manifested as two stepwise events ca. 7 and 4 ka BP. The past 4ka were characterized by dynamic glaciers and summer temperature fluctuations decoupled from the declining summer insolation.

  8. Histopathological analysis of UV-B irradiated retina by Cavia Coba'ya and with protection of transmission light lambda 550-600 nm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojniković, Bozidar; Vojniković, Davor; Brcić, Luka

    2007-01-01

    In 14 experimental Cavia Coba'ya eyes were irradiated with UV-B light, lambda 312 nm, 25 J/cm2 in 15 minute exposure. Including the transmission of light through optical media: cornea, lens, humor aqueous and vitreous body, and pupil surface of 7 mm2, we can calculate that in these conditions retina can be really irradiated with 10 J/cm2. The half number of Cavia Coba'ya was simultaneously irradiated with visible light, lambda of 550-600 nm (1000 Lx). Control group was 5 Cavia Coba'ya. Two months after irradiation, eyes were enucleated and fixed in 4% formaldehyde. Histopathological findings showed alterations of all retinal layers: loss of ganglion cells, axons, reduction of photoreceptors, vacuolar degeneration and hyperplasia of retinal pigment epithelium. In the second group of irradiance, the eyes with visible light lambda 550-600 nm, all retinal alterations were in 50% decreased.

  9. Taxonomic composition and biostratigraphic value of the Early Riphean organic-walled microfossil association from the Ust'-Il'ya Formation of the Anabar Uplift, Northern Siberia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sergeev, V. N.; Vorob'eva, N. G.; Petrov, P. Yu.; Semikhatov, M. A.

    2017-05-01

    It is demonstrated on the basis of the first monographic study of multiple and taxonomically variable organic-walled microfossils from the Ust'-Il'ya Formation of the Anabar Uplift that both prokaryotic and eukaryotic forms are present in the composition of this microbiota. They are divided into four formal groups on the basis of the specifics of the morphological indicators of the identified taxa. The review of the data on the isotopic age of hosting deposits showed that the Ust'-Il'ya Formation is of the Early Riphean in age which are currently evaluated as 1750 ± 10-1400 Ma. Relatively large and morphologically complex eukaryotic forms present in the Ust'-Il'ya Formation served in due time as the basis for an erroneous conclusion on the Late Riphean age of the specified formation and the overlying Lower Kotuikan Subformation of the Anabar Uplift. The paper provides a global comparative analysis of the Early Riphean microbiotas, demonstrates the position of the Ust'-Il'ya and Kotuikan microbiotas amidst the microbiotas of the same age, and shows that the relatively large acanthomorphic acritarchs Tappania, Valeria, Dictiosphaera, Satka, and Shuiyousphaeridium appeared in the geological history already during the Early Riphean Erathem. Moreover, the paper discusses the recently published data on the distribution of aerobic and anaerobic conditions in the Early Riphean paleobasins and provides the conclusion on the impact of the lateral change of these conditions on the taxonomic composition of the microbiota.

  10. "Yo ya no soy un niño" // “I’m not a child anymore”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Sánchez Taborda.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The current text is based on the preliminary ideas of the research El niño homicida: un estudio psiconalítico. (The murderer child: a psychoanalytic study. Its content recreates the hypothesis of what could happen to the individual if the Freudian latency is cut, limited or disappeared; that is, it presents this question of theoretical order which already seems a reality confirmed in many phenomena and signs of contemporary violence. In depth, however, such possibility becomes an ethic questioning to the Other of our time which repeatedly seems to avert its sight from this phenomenon of murder when it comes up linked to the responsibility of a child. // El presente texto se constituye con las ideas preliminares de la investigación El niño homicida: un estudio psiconalítico. Su contenido recrea la hipótesis de lo que podría ocurrir en el sujeto si se recorta, acota o desaparece la latencia freudiana; es decir, deja abierto este interrogante de orden teórico que parece ya una realidad constatada en muchos fenómenos y manifestaciones de violencia contemporánea. En el fondo, sin embargo, dicha posibilidad se traduce en un cuestionamiento de carácter ético al Otro de nuestro tiempo que reiteradamente parece apartar la mirada a éste fenómeno del homicidio cuando emerge ligado a la responsabilidad del sujeto infantil.

  11. Coping responses in the midst of terror: the July 22 terror attack at Utøya Island in Norway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Tine K; Thoresen, Siri; Dyb, Grete

    2015-02-01

    This study examined the peri-trauma coping responses of 325 survivors, mostly youth, after the July 22, 2011 terror attack on Utøya Island in Norway. The aim was to understand peri-trauma coping responses and their relation to subsequent post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions. Respondents were interviewed face-to-face 4-5 months after the shooting, and most were interviewed at their homes. Peri-trauma coping was assessed using ten selected items from the "How I Cope Under Pressure Scale" (HICUPS), covering the dimensions of problem solving, positive cognitive restructuring, avoidance, support seeking, seeking understanding, and religious coping. PTS reactions were assessed with the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index. The participants reported using a wide variety of coping strategies. Problem solving, positive cognitive restructuring, and seeking understanding strategies were reported most often. Men reported using more problem-solving strategies, whereas women reported more emotion-focused strategies. There were no significant associations between age and the use of coping strategies. Problem solving and positive cognitive restructuring were significantly associated with fewer PTS reactions. The results are discussed in light of previous research and may help to inform early intervention efforts for survivors of traumatic events. © 2014 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. XIX. Yüzyıl Avrupa’sında Romantizmin Tiyatro Yaşamındaki Etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    KORUKÇU, M Melih

    2015-01-01

    XIX. yüzyıl geniş ve kapsamlı dönüşümlerin yaşandığı, büyük akımları, toplumsal, düşünsel, ekonomik ve teknolojik değişimleri temelinde barındıran bir zaman dilimidir. Öncelikle Avrupa’yı etkilese de tüm dünyanın uygarlık tarihinde dönüm noktalarını içeren bir süreci başlatmıştır. XIX. yüzyılın düşünsel niteliğinde özgürlük ve eşitlik gibi kavramlar ön plana çıkmıştır. Her ne kadar bir önceki yüzyılda doğmuş olsa da Romantizm, XIX. yüzyıla damgasını vurmuş bir akımdır. Klasisizme tepki olarak...

  13. “Frankenstein ya da Modern Prometheus” Romanının Sinemaya Uyarlanması

    OpenAIRE

    KARADOĞAN İSMAYILOV, Ebru; SUNAL, Gözde

    2013-01-01

    Mary Shelley’ninFrankenstein ya da Modern Prometheus romanı, 19. yüzyılda hızlı bir gelişim gösteren bilimin kontrolsüz kullanımının sonuçlarına dair bir eserdir ve aynı zamanda gotik edebiyatın başyapıtlarından biridir. Çalışmada roman, senaryo metni, önceki uyarlamaya göndermeler, mektup ve günlük gibi karakterlerin iç dünyalarını ve bakış açılarını ortaya koyan metinsel öğelerin sinemasal anlatım aracılığıyla nasıl ifade edildiği incelenmiştir. Yöntem olarak ruhbilimsel film çözümlemesi ve...

  14. Evaluating the intensity of fire at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov-Spatial and thermoluminescence analyses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nira Alperson-Afil

    Full Text Available This manuscript presents an attempt to evaluate the intensity of fire through spatial patterning and thermoluminescence methodology. Previous studies of Layer II-6 Level 2 at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov suggested that hominins differentiated their activities across space, including multiple activities around a hearth reconstructed on the basis of the distribution of burned flint artifacts. A transect of ~4 m was extended from the center of the reconstructed hearth of Level 2 to its periphery in order to examine the intensity of fire. Burned and unburned flint microartifacts were sampled along this transect. The results of earlier and current thermoluminescence (TL analysis demonstrate a general agreement with the macroscopic determination of burning, indicating that the possibility of misinterpretation based on macroscopic observations is negligible. The TL signal from flint microartifacts close to the hearth's center shows unambiguous signs of strong heating, whereas with increasing distance from the hearth the TL signal can be interpreted as a result of decreasing temperatures and/or shorter durations of exposure to fire in addition to a decreasing number of flints showing fire damage. Our study shows that TL analysis can identify some variation in fire intensity, which allows a more precise classification of burned flint microartifacts with respect to their heating history.

  15. Tomorrow, I Love Ya!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Eric

    2005-01-01

    Researchers are analyzing the root causes for the universal problem of chronic academic procrastination, which is believed to raise student's anxiety and sinks their self-esteem. Colleges of Belgium, Canada, and Netherlands have begun to develop counseling programs that draw on cognitive and behavioral research to help students lessen…

  16. Patateste Sürgün Gelişimi Üzerine Uçucu Yağların Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan BAYDAR

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Uzun süreli depolama koşullarında patateste sürgün gelişiminin kontrol altında tutulması oldukça önemlidir. Depo koşullarında sürgün büyümesini durdurmak ve yumru depo ömrünü uzatmak için kimyasal engelleyicilerin kullanımı yaygın bir uygulamadır. Bu araştırmada, farklı konsantrasyonlarda (0, 150 ve 300 mg/L 7 farklı bitkiden (biberiye- Rosmarinus officinalis, İzmir kekiği- Origanum onites, karabaş kekik- Tyhmbra spicata, lavanta- Lavandula hybrida, nane- Mentha spicata, tıbbi adaçayı- Salvia officinalis ve yayla kekiği- Origanum minituflorum izole edilen uçucu yağların ve Karaman kimyonunun ana bileşeni olan S-(+- karvon'un depo koşullarında Justine patates çeşidinin yumrularında sürgün sayısı (adet, sürgün uzunluğu (mm, yaş sürgün ağırlığı (g, kuru sürgün ağırlığı (g, sürgün veren göz oranı (% üzerine olan etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen uçucu yağların kimyasal bileşenleri gaz kromatografisi (GC/MS ile analiz edilmiş ve uçucu yağ kompozisyonları belirlenmiştir. Biberiye, yayla kekiği, lavanta, nane ve adaçayı uçucu yağılarının ana bileşenlerinin sıra ile kafur (%40.6, karvakrol (%97.2, linalol (%37.2, karvon (%64.8 ve a-thujon (%23.0 olduğu belirlenmiştir. Karabaş kekiği uçucu yağında, yüksek düzeyde karvakrol (%75.5 yanında %11.6 a-terpinen ve %9.2 p-simen bulunmuştur. Bu araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçlar; patateste depolama sürecinde sürgün gelişimini engellemek amacıyla S-(+-karvon'un etkin olarak kullanılabileceğini, ayrıca diğer uçucu yağların (örneğin kekik ve nane yağlarının da S-(+-karvon kadar etkili olabileceğini göstermiştir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Patates, Solanum Tuberosum, Depolama, Sürgün, Uçucu Yağlar

  17. Healthcare Needs, Experiences and Satisfaction after Terrorism: A Longitudinal Study of Survivors from the Utøya Attack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Eilin Stene

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Public health outreach programs have been developed in order to ensure that needs are met after disasters. However, little is known about survivors’ experiences with post-terror healthcare. In the present study, our objectives were to 1 describe survivors’ experiences with post-terror healthcare, 2 identify factors associated with reports of unmet healthcare needs, and 3 examine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, healthcare experiences and satisfaction.Methods: Our study comprised three waves of semi-structured interviews with 261/490 (53% survivors of the Utøya mass shooting. We applied Pearson’s chi-squared tests (categorical variables and independent t-tests (continuous variables to compare survivors by whether or not they reported higher perceived needs than received help for psychological reactions and physical health problems, respectively. Ordinal regression analyses were applied to examine whether socio-demographic characteristics and healthcare experiences were associated with dissatisfaction. Results: Altogether 127 (49% survivors reported very high/high help needs for psychological reactions, and 43 (17% for attack-related physical health problems. Unmet healthcare needs were associated with higher levels of posttraumatic stress, psychological distress, somatic symptoms and less social support. Survivors with immigrant backgrounds and injured survivors who were not admitted to hospital reported unmet needs for physical health problems more often. After adjustments for socio-demographic characteristics, immigrant origin was associated with dissatisfaction with post-terror healthcare. After additionally adjusting for healthcare experiences, poor rating of the overall organization and accessibility of healthcare remained significantly associated with dissatisfaction.Conclusions: Most survivors were satisfied with the post-terror healthcare they received, yet our findings indicate that increased

  18. Grupo de Memoria Histórica. ¡Basta ya! Colombia: Memorias de guerra y dignidad.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Andrés Caro Peralta

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El informe ¡Basta ya! Colombia: memorias de guerra y dignidad, elaborado por el Grupo de Memoria Histórica (GMH, tiene como propósito retratar más de cincuenta años de conflicto armado en el país. Esta tarea está. dirigida en varios frentes, entre los cuales se encuentran: esclarecer los orígenes, causas e impacto del conflicto, as. como las consecuencias para la estructura jurídica y las distintas memorias que se han configurado en el trasegar de la guerra. Este informe se realizo a partir de algunos de los casos más emblemáticos del conflicto armado, documentados previamente por el GMH, que permiten identificar sus móviles y características. Además, se sustenta en una diversidad de fuentes como: documentos institucionales, registros estadísticos, en particular el Registro Único de Víctimas (RUV, Codhes, Cinep, fuentes orales, fotografías heterogéneas que son incluidas como recursos explicativos, bibliografía secundaria más representativa sobre el tema, prensa, estadísticas que se sustentan en el análisis cualitativo, en particular en el capítulo primero sobre los dimensiones del conflicto. En el informe se evidencia un amplio uso de las fuentes orales, que resaltan las voces de las víctimas, seguido por las fuentes estadísticas y los reportes elaborados por el GMH.

  19. Alexander Ya. Orolv - Well-Known Scientist and Recognized Organizer of Astronmoical Research. Little Known Facts of His Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yatskiv, Ya. S.; Vavilova, I. B.; Korsun', A. A.

    Alexander Ya. Orlov is a well-known astronomer and geophysicist as well as a worldrecognized organizer of scientific research in Russia, the USSR, and Ukraine. Orlov has formulated his main scientific ideas during the Odesa's period of life. He studied a tidal deformation of the Earth and its polar motion using the gravity and latitude observations. He has proposed new defenitions of a mean pole and a mean latitude, as wel as a new method for determing the Earth pole coordinates. To the end of 1940-ties, the Orlov's scientific ideas were implemented and stimulated a development of a research field, which is now called as Astrogeodynamics or Space Geodynamics. Among the representatives of the Orlov's scientific school are about 20 Doctors of Sciences and more than 40 Candidates of Sciences, including the members of Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and other countries. Among them are N.Stoyko-Radilenko (France), J.Witkowski (Poland), V.Zhardetsky (Yugoslavia-Austria-USA), D.Pyaskovsky, Z.Aksent'eva, E.Lavrentieva, N.Popov, E.Fedorov and A.Korol in Ukraine. The deserved followers of the Orlov's scientific ideas were also I.Androsov, I.Dyukov, K.Mansurova, B.Novopashennyj, N.V.Zimmerman in Russia and M.Bursa (Chesh Republic), who worked with him, as well as his sons, A.A.Orlov and B.A. Orlov. The Orlov's life and scientific activity were fully described in many articles. For that reason in this paper we will focus on the little-known facts of the Orlov's scientific-organizational activity, for example, the Orlov's appointments as a director of observatories in Odesa, Poltava, m.Pip-Ivan, Pulkovo, and Kyiv; interesesting facts related to his membership in the Academies of Sciences of the USSR and Ukrainian SSR; organization of a large-scale program on the latitude observations and gravimetric survey. We describe briefly his life and his astrogeodynamic scientific school.

  20. ¿América Latina ya no es católica? Pluralismo cultural y religioso creciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian PARKER

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Estamos en presencia del pluralismo en el campo religioso latinoamericano. América Latina ya no es católica en el sentido tradicional del término. Han crecido las otras religiones –entre ellas el protestantismo pentecostal– y también es notable la presencia de no creyentes y de «católicos a mi manera». Esta transformación tiene raíces en la expansión de la educación, en el acceso a los medios de comunicación (incluyendo Internet y en la creciente presencia de movimientos sociales e indígenas. En conjunto, representan un pluralismo social y cultural que puede servir de base para un avance democrático en la vida política del continente.ABSTRACT: There is now real religious pluralism in Latin America. Latin America can no longer be considered «Catholic» in the traditional sense of the term. Other religions –including pentecostal Protestantism– have grown and there is now a notable presence of non believers and of those who define themselves as «Catholics in my own way». This transformation has roots in the expansion of education, in the access to mass media and to Internet, and in the growing presence of new social movements, including indigenous movements. Together, they constitute a social and cultural pluralism that may provide the bases for greater democracy in political life.

  1. Holocene glacier activity reconstructed from proglacial lake Gjøavatnet on Amsterdamøya, NW Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Wet, Gregory A.; Balascio, Nicholas L.; D'Andrea, William J.; Bakke, Jostein; Bradley, Raymond S.; Perren, Bianca

    2018-03-01

    Well-dated and highly resolved paleoclimate records from high latitudes allow for a better understanding of past climate change. Lake sediments are excellent archives of environmental change, and can record processes occurring within the catchment, such as the growth or demise of an upstream glacier. Here we present a Holocene-length, multi-proxy lake sediment record from proglacial lake Gjøavatnet on the island of Amsterdamøya, northwest Svalbard. Today, Gjøavatnet receives meltwater from the Annabreen glacier and contains a record of changes in glacier activity linked to regional climate conditions. We measured changes in organic matter content, dry bulk density, bulk carbon isotopes, elemental concentrations via Itrax core-scanning, and diatom community composition to reconstruct variability in glacier extent back through time. Our reconstruction indicates that glacially derived sedimentation in the lake decreased markedly at ∼11.1 cal kyr BP, although a glacier likely persisted in the catchment until ∼8.4 cal kyr BP. During the mid-Holocene (∼8.4-1.0 cal kyr BP) there was significantly limited glacial influence in the catchment and enhanced deposition of organic-rich sediment in the lake. The deposition of organic rich sediments during this time was interrupted by at least three multi-centennial intervals of reduced organic matter accumulation (∼5.9-5.0, 2.7-2.0, and 1.7-1.5 cal kyr BP). Considering our chronological information and a sedimentological comparison with intervals of enhanced glacier input, we interpret these intervals not as glacial advances, but rather as cold/dry episodes that inhibited organic matter production in the lake and surrounding catchment. At ∼1.0 cal kyr BP, input of glacially derived sediment to Gjøavatnet abruptly increased, representing the rapid expansion of the Annabreen glacier.

  2. Depression, Social Support, and Coping Styles among Pregnant Women after the Lushan Earthquake in Ya'an, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Jianhua; Jiang, Xiaolian; Yao, Jianrong; Li, Xirong; Liu, Xinghui; Pang, Meiche; Chiang, Chung Lim Vico

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the depression of pregnant women in the aftermath of an earthquake, and to identify the social support that they obtained, their coping styles and socio-demographic factors associated with depression. A total of 128 pregnant women from three hospitals in the epicenter area were recruited immediately after the Ya'an earthquake. Their depression was investigated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) with a cutoff score of 14; the social support that they obtained was measured using the Social Support Questionnaire; and their coping styles were assessed using the Coping Styles Questionnaire. Immediately after the earthquake, the incidence rate of depression in pregnant women was 35.2%, higher than that of the general pregnant population (7%-14%). The EPDS scores were significantly correlated with gestation age at the time of the earthquake, objective support, subjective support, use of support, negative coping style, and positive coping style. The regression analysis indicated that risk factors of prenatal depression include the number of children, relatives wounded, subjective support, and coping styles. A further analysis of the interaction between social support and two types of coping styles with depression showed that there was interaction effect between subjective social support and positive coping styles in relation to EPDS scores. There was an inverse relationship between low EPDS scores and positive coping styles and high social support, and vice versa. The timing of the occurrence of the earthquake may not necessarily affect the progress of the illness and recovery from depression, and psychological intervention could be conducted in the immediate aftermath after the earthquake. The impact of coping styles on prenatal depression appeared to be linked with social support. Helping pregnant women to adopt positive coping styles with good social support after a recent major earthquake, which is a stressor, may

  3. Depression, Social Support, and Coping Styles among Pregnant Women after the Lushan Earthquake in Ya'an, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianhua Ren

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to assess the depression of pregnant women in the aftermath of an earthquake, and to identify the social support that they obtained, their coping styles and socio-demographic factors associated with depression.A total of 128 pregnant women from three hospitals in the epicenter area were recruited immediately after the Ya'an earthquake. Their depression was investigated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS with a cutoff score of 14; the social support that they obtained was measured using the Social Support Questionnaire; and their coping styles were assessed using the Coping Styles Questionnaire.Immediately after the earthquake, the incidence rate of depression in pregnant women was 35.2%, higher than that of the general pregnant population (7%-14%. The EPDS scores were significantly correlated with gestation age at the time of the earthquake, objective support, subjective support, use of support, negative coping style, and positive coping style. The regression analysis indicated that risk factors of prenatal depression include the number of children, relatives wounded, subjective support, and coping styles. A further analysis of the interaction between social support and two types of coping styles with depression showed that there was interaction effect between subjective social support and positive coping styles in relation to EPDS scores. There was an inverse relationship between low EPDS scores and positive coping styles and high social support, and vice versa.The timing of the occurrence of the earthquake may not necessarily affect the progress of the illness and recovery from depression, and psychological intervention could be conducted in the immediate aftermath after the earthquake. The impact of coping styles on prenatal depression appeared to be linked with social support. Helping pregnant women to adopt positive coping styles with good social support after a recent major earthquake, which is a

  4. FORTUNE-TELLING IN THE SEYAHATNAME OF EVLIYA CELEBI EVLİYA ÇELEBİ SEYAHATMESİ’NDE FAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif DÜLGER

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the Turkish Folklore Archive Guide prepared in 1976by the National Folklore Research Deparment of Ministry of Culture ofthe time, which is now called the Ministry of Culture directorate generalfor research and development of folk culture, article „K‟ in the guide wasdesignated for beliefs, while the subjects of Turkish folklore was beingdetermined. In this part of the guide which was prepared based on thecategorization in hundreds, dream and fortune-telling appears in the „K700‟ category. As is understood from this information, we come across fortunetellingin the part which is designated for beliefs in folklore. Fortunetellingupon which little study is conducted is a branch of Turkishfolklore -handled in different researches- and it bears importance in thatit shows people‟s approach to supernatural powers.This study is based on assessing information related to fortunetellingwhich was recorded while giving information about various placesin Seyahatname,which is an important work as far as Turkish culturalhistory, literature and folk science is considered. The main aim of ourstudy is to include this important work of our cultural history in theresearches on fortune-telling and to form the basis for the studies that weare going to carry out on fortunetelling on which little research isconducted. 1976 yılında, şimdiki adı Kültür Bakanlığı Halk KültürleriniAraştırma ve Geliştirme Genel Müdürlüğü olan, zamanın KültürBakanlığı Millî Folklor Araştırma Dairesi Başkanlığı tarafındanhazırlanan Türk Folklor Arşiv Kılavuzuna göre Türk folklorunun konularıbelirlenirken kılavuzun “K” maddesi inanışlara ayrılmıştır. 100‟lükkodlama seviyesinde hazırlanan kılavuzun bu bölümünde “K 700”kodlamasında rüya ve fal yer almaktadır.Bu bilgilerden anlaşıldığı üzere fal, folklorun inanışlar bölümündekarşımıza çıkmaktadır. Değişik araştırmalarda ele alınan T

  5. Çoruh Havza’sındaki Günlük Maksimum Yağış Serilerinin Trend Analizi

    OpenAIRE

    TOSUNOĞLU, Fatih

    2017-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, yıllık, mevsimlik ve aylık üç zaman dilimdeki günlük maksimum yağışların trendleriMann-Kendall (MK), modifye edilmiş Mann-Kendall (mMK), Theil-Sen (TH) ve Mann-Kendall Sıra Korelasyon(MKSK) testleri kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Bu testler, Çoruh havzasında bulunan 5 adet istasyonun günlükmaksimum yağış verilerine uygulanmıştır. MK ve mMK testleri trendlerin anlamlılığını belirlemede, TH testitrendin büyüklüğünü hesaplamada ve MKSK testi ise ele alınan verilerdeki anlamlı trendl...

  6. Türkiye’de yaşam boyu kanser olma yığılımlı riskleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sultan Eser

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Amaç: Epidemiyolojik kavramlar olan yığılımlı hız ve yığılımlı risk ülkemizde çok bilinmeyen, yerinde kullanılmayan kavramlardır. Bu çalışmada, başlıca kanserlerin dört ilimizdeki yığılımlı riskleri hesaplanmış ve bu kavramların uygun kullanımları tartışılmıştır. Yöntem: Bu çalışmada, Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5C vol.10’da yayımlanmış olan İzmir, Antalya, Edirne ve Trabzon iline ait yığılımlı insidans hızları kullanılarak erkek ve kadınlar için bütün kanserler, erkeklerde akciğer ve kadınlarda meme kanseri başta olmak üzere sık görülen kanserler için yığılımlı riskler hesaplanmıştır. Türkiye için yığılımlı riskler, Globocan 2012 tahminlerinden alınmıştır. Bulgular: Başka ölüm nedenlerinin olmadığı, yani doğan her kişinin 75 yaşına kadar yaşadığının varsayıldığı hipotetik durumda, İzmir'de yaşayan üç erkekten, Antalya, Edirne ve Trabzon ve Türkiye genelinde dört erkekten birisi, yaşamları boyunca herhangi bir kansere yakalanmaktadır. Bu dört ilde ve Türkiye genelinde yaklaşık altı kadından birisi yaşamlarının bir döneminde kanser tanısı almaktadır. Türkiye genelinde 25 kadından birisi yaşamının bir döneminde meme kanserine yakalanmaktadır. İzmir’de 9 erkekten, Türkiye genelinde ise 13 erkekten birisi yaşamı boyunca, öldürücülüğü çok yüksek ancak basitçe tütünden kaçınarak korunabilecek olan akciğer kanserine yakalanmaktadır. Sonuç: Bu çalışmada verilen kanser yığılımlı riskleri, özellikle birincil ve ikincil korunma çalışmalarında, risk faktörlerinden kaçınma, sağlıklı yaşam davranışları edinme, taramalara katılım ve erken tanı konularında toplumsal farkındalığı artırmaya yönelik olarak araştırmacıların, hizmet planlayıcı ve yürütücülerin kullanımına sunulmuştur. 

  7. Kanser hastalarında kemoterapinin C-reaktif protein düzeyine ve yaşam kalitesine olan etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    Gürler, Mehmet Yavuz

    2011-01-01

    Giriş ve Amaç: Bir inflamasyon belirteci ve akut faz reaktanı olan C-reaktif protein, karaciğer ve yağ dokusunda üretilen bir beta globulindir. Günümüz pratiğinde pek çok hastalığın tanısını desteklerken bazı hastalıkların ise takibinde ve alevlenmesinde güvenilir bir belirteçtir. Son yıllarda yapılan çalışmalar göstermiş ki kanser hastalarında bakılan serum CRP düzeyi hastalığın yaygınlığı, hastanın yaşam kalitesi, prognozu ve kemoterapiye yanıtı değerlendirmede kullanılabilme...

  8. Ruminant Beslemede Alternatif Yem Katkı Maddelerinin Kullanımı: 2. Organik Asit, Yağ Asiti, Adsorban

    OpenAIRE

    GÜÇLÜ, B. KOCAOĞLU; KARA, K.

    2010-01-01

    Organik asitler, yağ asitleri ve adsorbanlar ruminant beslenmesinde kullanılan alternatif katkı maddelerindendir.Bu katkı maddelerinin ruminantlarda sağlık, performans, verim kalitesi ve rumen fermentasyonu üzerinde oluşturabilecekleri etkileri ve bunun ruminant besleme açısından önemi üzerinde durulacaktır

  9. Origin of well-rounded gravels in glacial deposits from Brøggerhalvøya, northwest Spitsbergen: potential problems caused by sediment reworking in the glacial environment

    OpenAIRE

    Huddart, David; Bennett, Matthew R.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Glasser, Neil F.; Crawford, Kevin

    1998-01-01

    Well-rounded gravels are described from moraine-mound complexes, diamicton forefields and modern englacial thrusts at the margins of four glaciers on the northern side of Brøggerhalvøya, northwest Spitsbergen. Their shape charcteristics are compared with modern and fossil glacigenic, modern beach and Early Weichselian beach gravels from this peninsula. The best discriminators of the well-rounded gravels have been found to be the percentage-frequency roundness histograms, the roundness mid-poi...

  10. Feasibility of the Participation and Activity Inventory for Children and Youth (PAI-CY) and Young Adults (PAI-YA) with a visual impairment: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsman, Ellen Bernadette Maria; van Nispen, Ruth Marie Antoinette; van Rens, Gerardus Hermanus Maria Bartholomeus

    2017-05-11

    Having a visual impairment affects quality of life, daily functioning and participation. To assess rehabilitation needs of visually impaired children and young adults, the Participation and Activity Inventory for Children and Youth (PAI-CY) and Young Adults (PAI-YA) were developed. The PAI-CY comprises four questionnaires for different age categories: 0-2 years, 3-6 years, 7-12 years and 13-17 years. This pilot study assesses the feasibility and acceptability of the PAI-CY and PAI-YA, and the relevance of the content of the questionnaires. In addition to the regular admission procedure, the PAI-CY and PAI-YA were completed by 30 participants (six per questionnaire). For the PAI-CY, parents completed the questionnaire online prior to admission. From age 7 years onwards, children completed the questionnaire face-to-face with a rehabilitation professional during the admission procedure. Young adults completed the PAI-YA online. Subsequently, participants and professionals administered an evaluation form. Overall, 85% of the parents rated all aspects of the PAI-CY neutral to positive, whereas 100% of all children and young adults were neutral to positive on all aspects, except for the duration to complete. The main criticism of professionals was that they were unable to identify actual rehabilitation needs using the questionnaires. Minor adjustments were recommended for the content of questions. Parents, children and young adults were mostly satisfied with the questionnaires, however, professionals suggested some changes. The adaptations made should improve satisfaction with content, clarification of questions, and satisfaction with the questionnaires in compiling a rehabilitation plan. Although face and content validity has been optimized, a larger field study is taking place to further develop and evaluate the questionnaires.

  11. TÜKETİCİLERİN MARKALARIN LOGO YA DA AMBLEMLERİNE KARŞI TUTUMLARININ MARKA TERCİHLERİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevda DENEÇLİ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Özet Tüketicilerin markaların logo ya da amblemlerine karşı tutumlarının marka tercihleri üzerindeki etkisinin belirlenmeye çalışıldığı bu araştırma kolayda örnekleme yöntemiyle 127 kişi üzerinde gerçekleş- tirilmiştir. Araştırma kapsamında Türkiye pazarında en popüler olan, biri logo biri de amblem kullanan uluslararası iki spor giyim markası ele alınmıştır. Araştırmada tüketicilerin logo ve amblem kullanan mar- kaların logo ve amblemlerine ilişkin tutumları ile marka tercihleri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek amacıyla korelasyon analizi; tüketicilerin markaların logo ve amblemlerine karşı tutumlarının marka tercihleri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amacıyla ise çoklu regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Bu şekilde markanın  logo ya da amblem kullanımının marka tercihi üzerindeki etkisi; logoyu kullanan markayı kullanan ya da kullanmayan bireyler ve amblem kullanan markayı kullanan ya da kullanmayan bireyler dikkate alınarak karşılaştırmalı olarak analiz edilmiştir.

  12. Hidrojenasyon koşullarının izomer yağ asitleri oluşumu üzerine etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    MUSAVI, Anar

    2006-01-01

    Araştırma 2004-2005 yılları arasında Ankara Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi GıdaMühendisliği Bölümünde, Yağ Teknolojisi laboratuvarlarında yürütülmüştür.Bu çalışmada, hidrojenasyon koşullarının (sıcaklık, basınç, karıştırma hızı) izomer yağasitleri (özellikle trans yağ asidi, TYA) oluşumu üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Buamaçla Nysosel 222 katal...

  13. El profesor como investigador: ¡acción ya! The teacher as a researcher: hands-on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terribili Filho Armando

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El texto presenta la importancia de la investigación en el día a día del profesor, mostrando que investigación y docencia son indisociables: sea investigación stricto sensu (en nivel de maestría o doctorado o de su práctica pedagógica, aquella que el profesor debe y puede hacer en su cotidiano. Este artigo presenta los resultados de dos trabajos desarrollados en sala de aula: el primer con 117 alumnos de post-graduación de las ciudades de São Paulo y São José dos Campos (ambas en Brasil, para validar se la retención de conocimientos está asociada con el uso de los sentidos, o sea, se la comentada relación de retención 20%, 30% e 50% es verdadera: 20% para oír, 30% para oír y ver, y 50% para oír, ver y hacer. La segunda investigación fue hecha con 75 alumnos de post-graduación de una única institución de enseñanza de la ciudad de São Paulo, que ya son o que serán profesores de enseñanza superior. Esta investigación mostró cuales fueran los profesores más inolvidables que han tenido, quienes fueran estos profesores, cuales los atributos que tenían, se e fuera posible, que mensajes mandarían hoy para eses profesores. This text presents us how important is the research in the day-by-day of the teacher, showing that researching and teaching are parts of the same object: the human knowledge. Research can be qualified as two types: stricto sensu (work developed in order to obtain master and doctor degrees and pedagogical practices (work developed during teaching activity in order to improve the performance. This text also displays the results of two researches: the first one was done with 117 post-graduation students from the Brazilian cities of São Paulo and São Jose dos Campos, to verify if the known relation 20%, 30% e 50% (20% to hear; 30% to hear and to see; and 50% to hear, to see and to practice, related to the retention of information using the senses is true. The second research was done with 75 post

  14. S-37: Erkek Futbolcularda Branşa Ait Özellikler, Atletik Performans Testleri ve Relatif Yaş Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Şahi̇n

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Popüler bir takım sporu olan futbolda gruplandırma kronolojik yaş esas alınarak yapılmaktadır. Aynı kronolojik yaşta doğum tarihi erken olanların geç olanlardan daha avantajlı olduğunu gösterir çalışmalar vardır. Yetenekli futbolcunun desteklenmesi, elenmemesi için relatif yaşın spora spesifik özelliklere, performans testlerine etkisi bilinmelidir.AMAÇ: Aynı kronolojik yaştaki erkek futbolcularda relatif yaşın futbol spesifik özelliklere, atletik performans testlerine ve birbirleriyle olan ilişkisini incelemektir.Gereç ve YÖNTEMLER: 2015-2016 sezonunda akademi liginde U-14 kategorisinde milli takıma seçilme kampına davet edilmiş 164 futbolcunun atletik performans göstergeleri ile 2016-2017 sezonun ilk yarısında futbol performansları, oynadıkları maç ve dakika sayıları, gol sayıları incelendi ve aralarındaki ilişkiye bakıldı. Gruplar arası farklılıklar Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis testi, değişkenler arası ilişki spearman korelasyon testi ile incelendi.BULGULAR: Orta saha oyuncuların diğer pozisyonlarda oynayan sporculara göre daha kısa boy ve daha düşük kiloya sahip olduğu görüldü (p0,05. Sporcuların çeviklik göstergesi ile sürat 10, 20 ve 30m arasında istatistiksel anlamlı orta düzey korelasyon (r=0,387, r=0,400, r=0,377, p<0,001 saptandı. Sürat 10, 20 ve 30m ile attıkları gol sayısı arasında istatistiksel anlamlı negatif orta düzey korelasyon (r=-0,320, r=-0,350, r=-0,351, p<0,001 bulundu. Sürat 30m ile toplam maç sayısı arasında düşük negatif korelasyon (r=-0,144, p<0,05 saptandı. SONUÇ: Futbolcuların atletik performansları arttıkça lig performansları da arttığı görüldü.Futbolcuların lig esnasında daha iyi performans sergilemelerini desteklemek için relatif yaşın etkisini göz önünde bulundurarak atletik performanslarının artırılması önem taşımaktadır.

  15. Formation of baotite - a Cl-rich silicate - together with fluorapatite and F-rich hydrous silicates in the Kvaløya lamproite dyke, North Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kullerud, Kåre; Zozulya, Dmitry; Ravna, Erling J. K.

    2012-07-01

    Baotite occurs as a late phase in the Kvaløya lamproite dyke and in the fenitized granite adjacent to the dyke, suggesting that baotite formed during reactions between rock and fluids derived from a volatile-rich lamproitic magma. Most of the analyzed grains of baotite from the Kvaløya lamproite show compositions close to the ideal Nb-free end-member Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl. Compilation of all published baotite analyses suggests that the major compositional variations of baotite occur between the Nb-free end member Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl, and a Nb-rich end member Ba4Ti2Fe²+ 2Nb4Si4O28Cl. However, a Pb-bearing baotite, showing significant concentrations of Ca, Sr, Pb and K, and approximately 3 Ba p.f.u., was also identified from the Kvaløya lamproite. Euhedral fluorapatite formed as an early phase during crystallization of the lamproite magma, while anhedral REE-rich fluorapatite overgrowths on the euhedral grains formed during reactions with the late magmatic fluid. Fluorapatite contains up to 1.2 F p.f.u., but only traces of Cl. Other F-rich, but Cl-poor minerals of the lamproite include fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, fluoro-phlogopite, and yangzhumingite. The presence of baotite together with a range of high-F, but low-Cl mineral phases suggests that the minerals formed in equilibrium with a high-F, Cl-bearing hydrous fluid. The high Cl-content of baotite demonstrates that Cl is strongly partitioned into this mineral in the presence of a Cl-bearing F-rich hydrous fluid. We suggest that a combination of high aSi, aTi, aBa, and fO2, but low aCa of the fluid enabled baotite formation.

  16. The Role of Stylistic Approach in Teaching Contemporary Adabi TextsThe Case of Elaik ya Valadi of Saad-e-Sabbah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nouroddin Parvin

    2014-01-01

    In this research, we will analyze the "eleik Ya Valadi" elegy of Saad e Sabbah, one of the pioneers of contemporary Arabic Rassa poetry at the morphological and syntactic levels with discretional-analytical methods and in stylistic context to analyze the role of stylistics in teaching Arabic texts. One of the most important results of this research is that it is one of the best methods in education of literacy, because of the fact that it considers the consistency and coordination between method of teaching and literacy, and also increases the students’ motivation for understanding and communication. Keywords: Contemporary literacy, teaching literacy, stylistics, Saad e sabbah

  17. Feasibility of the Participation and Activity Inventory for Children and Youth (PAI-CY) and Young Adults (PAI-YA) with a visual impairment: a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Elsman, Ellen Bernadette Maria; van Nispen, Ruth Marie Antoinette; van Rens, Gerardus Hermanus Maria Bartholomeus

    2017-01-01

    Background Having a visual impairment affects quality of life, daily functioning and participation. To assess rehabilitation needs of visually impaired children and young adults, the Participation and Activity Inventory for Children and Youth (PAI-CY) and Young Adults (PAI-YA) were developed. The PAI-CY comprises four questionnaires for different age categories: 0?2 years, 3?6 years, 7?12 years and 13?17 years. This pilot study assesses the feasibility and acceptability of the PAI-CY and PAI-...

  18. Bazı Uçucu Yağların Myzus persicae ve Avcısı Chrysoperla carnea Üzerindeki Etkileri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali KAYAHAN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, laboratuvar koşullarında farklı bitkisel uçucu yağların Şeftali yeşil yaprakbiti Myzus persicae (Sulz. (Hemiptera: Aphididae ve bu zararlının avcısı olan Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae üzerindeki etkisi belirlenmiştir. Denemeler 25±1° C sıcaklığa, %60±5 ve 16:8 aydınlatma koşullarına sahip iklim odalarında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Yaprak biti bireyleri biber bitkileri (Capsicum annuum L. üzerinde üretilirken, avcılar bu afit ile beslenmiştir.  Bitkisel yağların etkileri püskürtme yöntemi ile araştırılmıştır. Kontrol uygulamalarında saf su kullanılmıştır. Uygulamadan 1., 3., 5. ve 7. günden sonra ölü ve canlı bireyler sayılmıştır. Bitkisel yağların etkisi Abbott formülü kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Denemeler 5 tekerrürlü olarak yürütülmüştür. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre; karanfil, lavanta ve ardıcın M. persicae üzerindeki 7. gündeki etkisi sırasıyla %78.26, %69.57 ve %47.83 olarak bulunmuştur. Uygulanan tüm uçucu yağların C. carnea için zararsız olduğu görülmüştür.

  19. Die Struktur der Handgesten im indischen Tanz nach dem „Nāṭya-Śāstra“ des Bharata (NŚBh)

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Biliana

    2008-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wird eine Strukturanalyse der Gestensprache im indischen Tanz nach einem schriftlich vorliegenden Text vorgeschlagen – dem neunten Kapitel des ‚Nāṭya-Śāstra‘ eines legendären Autors namens Bharata. Der untersuchte Text ist Zeugnis für ein Zeichensystem, das über mehr als zwei Jahrtausende als Basis für die symbolische Interaktion auf dem indischen Subkontinent gedient hat und heute in zahlreichen Variationen präsent ist. Dieses Zeichensystem ist im semiotische...

  20. The Hero With a Thousand Faces In Yaşar Kemal's Çukurova Trilogy : The Other Face Of The Mountain = Yaşar Kemal'in Çukurova Üçlemesi : Dağın Öbür Yüzü'ndeki Bin Yüzlü Kahraman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Clare BRANDABUR

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Joseph Campbell's classic work, The Hero With A Thousand Faces, traces the archetypal pattern of the hero from obscure origins, the call to adventure, the crossing of the threshold, encounter with dark forces, the winning of a boon, the re-crossing of the threshold, the re-entry of the ordinary world and the hero's re-integration with his community. The present paper traces this pattern in the Triliogy of Yaşar Kemal entitled The Other Face of the Mountain, following the hero Tashbash through the various phases of this archetypal-heroic journey. The presence in Yaşar Kemal's work of these universal patterns embodied in highly original and brilliant prose makes it clear that this Turkish novelist belongs among the great authors of world literature.

    1. Evaluation technology of human behavior cognition; Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1997-03-01

      For human engineering and improvement of the living environment, the evaluation technology of human behavior cognition was studied. For the future reformation and creation of economic structure, the following are required: establishment of safe and affluent communities, further improvement of the safety and harmonious balance of people, lives and society, and R & D close to people and social needs. Introduction of Product Liability law and a fail-safe concept are examples of such efforts. However, since many accidents are found in the human society, the relation between human errors and human characteristics should be studied in detail. The cognitive science of human behavior is an objective evaluation technology from the viewpoint of human being, object, environment and society. Based on these social and technological background, the feasibility of the evaluation technology is studied, and the future trend and skeleton of this project are clarified. The domestic and foreign trends of technologies concerned are thus surveyed, and the important points, features, skeleton and ripple effect of the technology are summarized. 500 refs., 70 figs., 5 tabs.

    2. Discovery of Fallomus ladakhensis Nanda & Sahni, 1998 (Mammalia, Rodentia, Diatomyidae) in the lignites of Nong Ya Plong (Phetchaburi Province, Thailand): systematic, biochronological and paleoenvironmental implications

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Marivaux, L.; Chaimanee, Y.; Yamee, C.; Srisuk, P.; Jaeger, J.J. [University of Montpellier 2, Montpellier (France)

      2004-07-01

      The paleontological surveys in the lignites of the Tertiary basin of Nong Ya Plong in Central Thailand have led to the discovery of a new fossiliferous locality. This locality, located in the Cha Prong pit, has yielded relatively well preserved fossils (two mandibles and isolated teeth) of a diatomyid rodent, Fallomus ladakhensis Nanda & Sahni, 1998, which was first described only from two isolated lower molars from the Oligo-Miocene Kargil Formation in Ladakh (India). This additional material allows better characterization of the Diatomyidae and discussion about the possibility of phylogenetic relationships with the Pedetidae. The occurrence in Nong Ya Plong of F. ladakhensis in association with a typically late Oligocene rhinocerotid (of western European affinities) testifies to the existence of Oligocene deposits in Thailand - a period still scantily documented in South Asia. The Paleogene/Neogene transition is particularly significant in South Asia in terms of climatic changes, which are related to the important paleogeographic and paleogeomorphological events consequent to the India-Eurasia collision.

    3. Holocene multi-proxy environmental reconstruction from lake Hakluytvatnet, Amsterdamøya Island, Svalbard (79.5°N)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Gjerde, Marthe; Bakke, Jostein; D'Andrea, William J.; Balascio, Nicholas L.; Bradley, Raymond S.; Vasskog, Kristian; Ólafsdóttir, Sædis; Røthe, Torgeir O.; Perren, Bianca B.; Hormes, Anne

      2018-03-01

      High resolution proxy records of past climate are sparse in the Arctic due to low organic production that restricts the use of radiocarbon dating and challenging logistics that make data collection difficult. Here, we present a new lake record from lake Hakluytvatnet at Amsterdamøya island (79.5°N), the northwesternmost island on Svalbard. Multi-proxy analyses of lake sediments in combination with geomorphological mapping reveal large environmental shifts that have taken place at Amsterdamøya during the Holocene. A robust chronology has been established for the lake sediment core through 28 AMS radiocarbon ages, and this gives an exceptionally well-constrained age control for a lake at this latitude. The Holocene was a period with large changes in the Hakluytvatnet catchment, and the onset of the Neoglacial (ca. 5 ka) marks the start of modern-day conditions in the catchment. The Neoglacial is characterized by fluctuations in the minerogenic input to the lake as well as internal productivity, and we suggest that these fluctuations are driven by atmospherically forced precipitation changes as well as sea ice extent modulating the amount of moisture that can reach Hakluytvatnet.

    4. Gemilerde Uygun Olmayan Yakıt ve Yetersiz Silindir Yağlama Yağının Ağır Devirli Gemi Dizel Motorlarına Etkileri Üzerine Bir Çalışma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Murat Yapıcı

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Amaç: Çalışmanın amacı; gemilerde kullanılan yakıtların uygunluğu açısından önemli noktaları irdelemek, ayrıca ana makine olarak kullanılan iki zamanlı ağır devirli gemi dizel motorlarında silindir yağlama yağına olan etkileri incelemektir. Yöntem: Çalışmada 2007-2015 yılları arasındaki gemi kayıtları incelenmiş ve tablo 3’de bulunan veriler elde edilmiştir. Geminin 39000 saatlik ana makine piston ve silindir bakım saatleri tablosu oluşturulmuştur. Bulgular: Uygun yakıt ve silindir yağlama yağı ile ilgili bakım sonrası uygun yağ miktarının tespiti yapılmıştır. Değişken kükürt oranlarına göre ayarlanabilen silindir yağlayıcıları (cylinder oil lubricator için kükürt oranı ve yüke göre veriler girilerek Excel tabanlı yağ miktarı hesaplama uygulaması modellenmiştir. Sonuç: Yapılan çalışma sayesinde başka tonaj ve tipteki makinelere aynı model uygulanarak makine bakım geçmişi çıkarılarak eksiklikler saptanabilir veya hazırlıklar yapılabilir. Örneğin 15000-19999 çalışma saati aralığında 16 kez piston bakımı yapıldığına göre layner değişiminden sonraki ikinci 20000 saatlik dilimde 35000-40000 saatlik dilimde piston ve layner değişimlerinin olacağı önceden tespit edilerek gerekli yedek malzeme erken tedarik edilerek zamandan kazanılmış olur. Bu sayede daha büyük arızaların önü kesilmiş olur. Şirket ve gemi arasında planlı bakım sistemi daha verimli hale getirilmiş olur. Bu kapsamda yapılan çalışma ile literatüre gerçek bir uygulamadan yola çıkılarak ilerideki çalışmalar için başlangıç olması hedeflenmiştir.

    5. Geochronology of the Archaean Kolmozero-Voron'ya Greenstone Belt: U-Pb dating of zircon, titanite, tourmaline and tantalite (Kola Region, North-Eastern BAltic Shield)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kudryashov, N.; Gavrilenko, B.; Apanasevich, E.

      2003-04-01

      The Archaean Kolmozero-Voron’ya greenstone belt is one of the most ancient geological structures of the Kola Peninsula. It is located between Upper Archaean terrains: Murmansk, Central Kola and Keivy. Within the Kolmozero-Voron'ya greenstone belt there are rare metal (Li, Cs with accessory Nb, Ta, and Be), Cu, Mo, and Au deposits. All rocks were metamorphosed under amphibolite facies conditions and intruded by granodiorites, plagiomicrocline and tourmaline granites and pegmatite veins. Four suites are distinguished within the belt: lower terrigenous formation, komatiite-tholeite, basalt-andesite-dacite and upper terrigenous formation. The U-Pb age of 2925±6 Ma on magmatic zircon was obtained for leucogabbro of differentiated gabbro-anorthosite massif Patchemvarak, situated at the boundary between volcanic-sedimentary units and granitoids of the Murmansk block. This age is the oldest for gabbro-anorthosites of the Kola Peninsula. Sm-Nd age of komatiites is ca. 2.87 Ga (Vrevsky, 1996). U-Pb age of zircon from biotite schist, which belongs to acid volcanites is 2865+/-5 Ma. Quartz porphyries, which are considered to be an intrusive vein analogous of acid volcanites has an age of 2828+/-8 Ma, that marks the final stage of the belt development. Dating of titanite from ovoid plagioamphibolites yielded an U-Pb age of 2595+/-20 Ma that probably is connected with the closure of the U-Pb isotopic titanite system during the regional metamorphism. The Porosozero granodioritic complex with an age of 2733+/-6 Ma is located between granites of the Murmansk domain, migmatites and gneisses of the Central Kola terrain and the Keivy alkaline granites. Tourmaline granites are found all over the Kolmozero-Voron’ya belt occurring among volcanogenic-sedimentary rocks of the belt. Their Pb-Pb age of 2520+/-70 Ma appears to denote the tourmaline crystallization at a post-magmatic stage of the complex formation. U-Pb zircon age from rare metal pegmatites is 1.9-1.8 Ga. Zircons from

    6. Oslo government district bombing and Utøya island shooting July 22, 2011: The immediate prehospital emergency medical service response

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sollid Stephen JM

      2012-01-01

      Full Text Available Abstract Background On July 22, 2011, a single perpetrator killed 77 people in a car bomb attack and a shooting spree incident in Norway. This article describes the emergency medical service (EMS response elicited by the two incidents. Methods A retrospective and observational study was conducted based on data from the EMS systems involved and the public domain. The study was approved by the Data Protection Official and was defined as a quality improvement project. Results We describe the timeline and logistics of the EMS response, focusing on alarm, dispatch, initial response, triage and evacuation. The scenes in the Oslo government district and at Utøya island are described separately. Conclusions Many EMS units were activated and effectively used despite the occurrence of two geographically separate incidents within a short time frame. Important lessons were learned regarding triage and evacuation, patient flow and communication, the use of and need for emergency equipment and the coordination of helicopter EMS.

    7. Heterojen katalizörlerin hidrojenasyon sırasında yağ asitleri izomerleri oluşumuna etkisi

      OpenAIRE

      ÇİZMECİ, Melih

      2007-01-01

      Bu çalışmada, heterojen katalizörlerin çeşit ve konsantrasyonlarının izomer yağ asitleri oluşumu üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla iki nikelli [Nysosel 222 (N222), (Ni/SiO2, %22 Ni); SP10 (Ni/Al2O3, %21 Ni)], iki paladyumlu [Pd/Karbon (Pd/C), (%5 Pd); Pd/Al2O3 (Pd/A), (%10 Pd)] ve bir de rutenyumlu [Ru/Karbon (Ru/C), (%5 Ru)] olmak üzere beş farklı katalizör ku...

    8. Evaluation of Erosion of the Dummy ''EE'' Plate 19 in YA Type ATR Fuel Element During Reactor PALM Cycles

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Brower, Jeffrey O.; Glazoff, Michael V.; Eiden, Thomas J.; Rezvoi, Aleksey V.

      2016-01-01

      Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Cycle 153B-1 was a 14-day, high-power, powered axial locator mechanism (PALM) operating cycle that completed on April 12, 2013. Cycle 153B-1 was a typical operating cycle for the ATR, and did not result in any unusual plant transients. ATR was started up and shut down as scheduled. The PALM drive physically moves the selected experiments into and out of the core to simulate reactor startup and heat up, and shutdown and cooldown transients, while the reactor remains in steady-state conditions. However, after the cycle was over, when the fuel elements were removed from the core and inspected, several thousand flow-assisted erosion pits and ''horseshoeing'' defects were readily observed on the surface of the several YA-type fuel elements (these are aluminum ''dummy'' plates that contain no fuel). In order to understand these erosion phenomena, a thermal-hydraulic model of coolant channel 20 on a YA-M fuel element was generated. The boundaries of the model were the aluminum EE plate of a YA-M fuel element and a beryllium reflector block with 13 horizontal saw cuts which represented regions of zero flow. The heat generated in fuel plates 1 through 18 was modeled to be passing through the aluminum EE plate. The coolant channel 20 width was set at 0.058 in. (58 mils). It was established that the horizontal saw cuts had a significant effect on the temperature of the coolant. The flow, which was expected to vary linearly with gradual heating of the coolant as it passed through the channel, was extremely turbulent. The temperature rise, which was expected to be a smooth ''S'' curve, was represented by a series temperature rise ''humps,'' which occurred at each horizontal saw cut in the beryllium reflector block. Each of the 13 saw cuts had a chamfered edge which resulted in the coolant flow being re-directed as a jet across the coolant channel into the surface of the

    9. Oslo government district bombing and Utøya island shooting July 22, 2011: The immediate prehospital emergency medical service response

      Science.gov (United States)

      2012-01-01

      Background On July 22, 2011, a single perpetrator killed 77 people in a car bomb attack and a shooting spree incident in Norway. This article describes the emergency medical service (EMS) response elicited by the two incidents. Methods A retrospective and observational study was conducted based on data from the EMS systems involved and the public domain. The study was approved by the Data Protection Official and was defined as a quality improvement project. Results We describe the timeline and logistics of the EMS response, focusing on alarm, dispatch, initial response, triage and evacuation. The scenes in the Oslo government district and at Utøya island are described separately. Conclusions Many EMS units were activated and effectively used despite the occurrence of two geographically separate incidents within a short time frame. Important lessons were learned regarding triage and evacuation, patient flow and communication, the use of and need for emergency equipment and the coordination of helicopter EMS. PMID:22280935

    10. Evaluation of Erosion of the Dummy “EE” Plate 19 in YA Type ATR Fuel Element During Reactor PALM Cycles

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brower, Jeffrey O. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Advanced Test Reactor; Glazoff, Michael V. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Advanced Test Reactor; Eiden, Thomas J. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Advanced Test Reactor; Rezvoi, Aleksey V. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Advanced Test Reactor

      2016-08-01

      Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Cycle 153B-1 was a 14-day, high-power, powered axial locator mechanism (PALM) operating cycle that completed on April 12, 2013. Cycle 153B-1 was a typical operating cycle for the ATR, and did not result in any unusual plant transients. ATR was started up and shut down as scheduled. The PALM drive physically moves the selected experiments into and out of the core to simulate reactor startup and heat up, and shutdown and cooldown transients, while the reactor remains in steady-state conditions. However, after the cycle was over, when the fuel elements were removed from the core and inspected, several thousand flow-assisted erosion pits and “horseshoeing” defects were readily observed on the surface of the several YA-type fuel elements (these are aluminum “dummy” plates that contain no fuel). In order to understand these erosion phenomena, a thermal-hydraulic model of coolant channel 20 on a YA-M fuel element was generated. The boundaries of the model were the aluminum EE plate of a YA-M fuel element and a beryllium reflector block with 13 horizontal saw cuts which represented regions of zero flow. The heat generated in fuel plates 1 through 18 was modeled to be passing through the aluminum EE plate. The coolant channel 20 width was set at 0.058 in. (58 mils). It was established that the horizontal saw cuts had a significant effect on the temperature of the coolant. The flow, which was expected to vary linearly with gradual heating of the coolant as it passed through the channel, was extremely turbulent. The temperature rise, which was expected to be a smooth “S” curve, was represented by a series temperature rise “humps,” which occurred at each horizontal saw cut in the beryllium reflector block. Each of the 13 saw cuts had a chamfered edge which resulted in the coolant flow being re-directed as a jet across the coolant channel into the surface of the EE plate, which explained the temperature rise and the observed

    11. Evaluation of Corrosion of the Dummy “EE” Plate 19 in YA Type ATR Fuel Element During Reactor PALM Cycles

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brower, Jeffrey Owen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Glazoff, Michael Vasily [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Eiden, Thomas John [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Rezvoi, Aleksey Victor [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

      2016-08-01

      Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Cycle 153B-1 was a 14-day, high-power, powered axial locator mechanism (PALM) operating cycle that completed on April 12, 2013. Cycle 153B-1 was a typical operating cycle for the ATR and did not result in any unusual plant transients. ATR was started up and shut down as scheduled. The PALM drive physically moves the selected experiments into and out of the core to simulate reactor startup and heat up, and shutdown and cooldown transients, while the reactor remains in steady state conditions. However, after the cycle was over, several thousand of the flow-assisted corrosion pits and “horseshoeing” defects were readily observable on the surface of the several YA-type fuel elements (these are “dummy” plates that contain no fuel). In order understand these corrosion phenomena a thermal-hydraulic model of coolant channel 20 on a YA-M fuel element was generated. The boundaries of the model were the aluminum EE plate of a YA-M fuel element and a beryllium reflector block with 13 horizontal saw cuts which represented regions of zero flow. The heat generated in fuel plates 1 through 18 was modeled to be passing through the aluminum EE plate. The coolant channel 20 width was set at 0.058 in. (58 mils). It was established that the horizontal saw cuts had a significant effect on the temperature of the coolant. The flow, which was expected to vary linearly with gradual heating of the coolant as it passed through the channel, was extremely turbulent. The temperature rise, which was expected to be a smooth “S” curve, was represented by a series temperature rise “humps,” which occurred at each horizontal saw cut in the beryllium reflector block. Each of the 13 saw cuts had a chamfered edge which resulted in the coolant flow being re-directed as a jet across the coolant channel into the surface of the EE plate, which explained the temperature rise and the observed sscalloping and possibly pitting degradation on the YA-M fuel elements. In

    12. YA GÖKALP'İN TÜRK DİN SOSYOLOJİSİ GELENEĞİNE KATKILARI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      A. Faruk KILIÇ

      2007-12-01

      Full Text Available ZİYA GÖKALP'S CONTRIBUTIONS TOTHE TURKIHS SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION TRADITIONFrom one of the first sociologist Ziya Gökalp, is the same time the first religioussociologist in Turkey. He discusses in generaly from point he's ideological andsociological identity. However he has other one identity as very important as theothers. He is founder modern sociology of religion in Turkey. In this article Gökalpwill be examine from this point. What are the contributions Gökalp's to the sociologyof religion tradition in Turkey? And what is he's methodology of sociology of religion?Is he ordinary a translator of Emile Durkheim? This and like this questions will bework lighting from perspective sociology of religion.

    13. Evaluation of Corrosion of the Dummy ''EE'' Plate 19 in YA Type ATR Fuel Element During Reactor PALM Cycles

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Brower, Jeffrey Owen; Glazoff, Michael Vasily; Eiden, Thomas John; Rezvoi, Aleksey Victor

      2016-01-01

      Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Cycle 153B-1 was a 14-day, high-power, powered axial locator mechanism (PALM) operating cycle that completed on April 12, 2013. Cycle 153B-1 was a typical operating cycle for the ATR and did not result in any unusual plant transients. ATR was started up and shut down as scheduled. The PALM drive physically moves the selected experiments into and out of the core to simulate reactor startup and heat up, and shutdown and cooldown transients, while the reactor remains in steady state conditions. However, after the cycle was over, several thousand of the flow-assisted corrosion pits and ''horseshoeing'' defects were readily observable on the surface of the several YA-type fuel elements (these are ''dummy'' plates that contain no fuel). In order understand these corrosion phenomena a thermal-hydraulic model of coolant channel 20 on a YA-M fuel element was generated. The boundaries of the model were the aluminum EE plate of a YA-M fuel element and a beryllium reflector block with 13 horizontal saw cuts which represented regions of zero flow. The heat generated in fuel plates 1 through 18 was modeled to be passing through the aluminum EE plate. The coolant channel 20 width was set at 0.058 in. (58 mils). It was established that the horizontal saw cuts had a significant effect on the temperature of the coolant. The flow, which was expected to vary linearly with gradual heating of the coolant as it passed through the channel, was extremely turbulent. The temperature rise, which was expected to be a smooth ''S'' curve, was represented by a series temperature rise ''humps,'' which occurred at each horizontal saw cut in the beryllium reflector block. Each of the 13 saw cuts had a chamfered edge which resulted in the coolant flow being re-directed as a jet across the coolant channel into the surface of the EE plate, which explained the temperature rise and the observed

    14. Türkiye’den İki Centaurea L. (Asteraceae Türünün Uçucu Yağ Kompozisyonu

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ömer KILIÇ

      2014-11-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada C. cynaus L. ve C. depressa Bieb. türleri HS-SPME/GC-MS tekniği ile analiz edildi. Sonuçta, sırasıyla toplam yağ miktarları olan %92.3 ve %91.1’ lik değerlerden, otuzbeş ve otuzyedi bileşen tespit edildi. Germakren D (%14.8, karyofillenoksit (%19.6 ve butanal (%8.7 C. cynaus’un; germakren D (%20.6, karyofillenoksit (%13.3 ve b-eudezmol (%12.6 ise C. depressa’nın ana bileşenleri olarak tespit edildi.Keywords: Centaurea, Essential oil, Germacrene D, Caryophyllene oxide

    15. Batería de evaluación propioceptiva en personas con amputación transtibial, ya protetizadas-BEPAT

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Catalina Benrey-Reyes

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available Introducción. La amputación trae diversos cambios biomecánicos y estructurales que generan deficiencias en el balance, el equilibrio y la propiocepción. Asimismo, la alteración de la propiocepción afecta el componente corpóreo–espacial, el control postural y demás cualidades físicas, lo cual requiere un manejo específico desde la Fisioterapia. Esta investigación se realizó teniendo en cuenta su función como herramienta adecuada y eficaz dentro de la Fisioterapia, debido a la poca documentación en la literatura de la evaluación propioceptiva en la población escogida. Objetivo. Proponer y validar una batería de evaluación propioceptiva para personas con amputación transtibial, ya protetizadas. Materiales y métodos. Estudio de tipo descriptivo-propositivo que requirió un proceso de recolección de información para proponer una batería de evaluación, basada en la evidencia científica disponible. Resultados. La batería de evaluación de la propiocepción para personas con amputación transtibial ya protetizada (BEPAT, cuenta con alta validez de contenido y constructo según los criterios de Palisano, considerando que los resultados para todos los ítems en la batería se encontraron por encima del 70%. Conclusiones. La creación de la BEPAT permitirá la obtención de información objetiva y cuantitativa sobre las alteraciones funcionales, lo que mejorará la prescripción de prótesis y el tratamiento rehabilitador y fortalecerá los procesos investigativos en el tema.

    16. Simulating stakeholder behavior in a marine setting: Integrated coastal zone planning and the influential power of selected stakeholders in Frøya, Norway

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Rachel Gjelsvik Tiller

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available Aquaculture expansion is a political priority in Norway, despite simmering conflicts and competing claims. We expand on this hypothesis and analyze the Norwegian governance system by adding stakeholder theory in case of a simulated model of the effects of municipal coastal zone planning in the municipality of Frøya, Norway. One cannot analyze the governance system in Norway without fully comprehending the perspectives of the stakeholders involved. Different stakeholders will react and respond differently and have conflicting presumptions basing their actions towards the planning process for coastal areas. They will also have different levels of power and abilities to influence the system. The article presents the interdisciplinary, first generation development of an agent based simulation model that mimics the outcomes of coastal zone planning for a stakeholder groups, the commercial fishers and the aquaculture industry, based on qualitative input from legislation, regulations and stakeholder workshops. We proceed with verifying the applicability of this simulator in light of the key actors involved, namely the commercial fishers. We found that the simulator had two outcomes for the commercial fishers that were consistently recurring, namely collapse and stability, based on the simulated occurrences of complaints by the stakeholders, with the latter being the de facto perceptions of actuality by the commercial fishers. Using stakeholder theory, we argue that the aquaculture industry’s role has the saliency of an Important Stakeholder in Frøya has steered the commercial fishers, who has the role of Dependent Stakeholders according to stakeholder theory, to no longer see any legitimacy in the process in that their complaints were never upheld because of their lack of the attribute Power.

    17. S-36: Aynı Kronolojik Yaştaki Erkek Futbolcuların Antropometrik ve Performans Değişimleri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mustafa Şahi̇n

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Adolesan dönemde özellikle büyüme ve maturasyonda belirgin farklılıklar meydana gelmektedir. Aynı kronolojik yaş grubundaki erkeklerde biyolojik maturasyon çeşitliliği sporcularda kas gücünü, dayanıklılığı, hızı, performansı etkilemektedir. Bu etkinin gösterilebilmesi, ölçülebilmesi için minimum-maksimum ne kadar zamana ihtiyaç olduğu net değildir.AMAÇ: Aynı kronolojik yaş grubunda orta ergenlik döneminde olan erkek futbolcularda belirli bir zaman süresinde biyolojik maturasyonlarındaki değişiklilikleri ve performans sonuçlarına etkisini göstermektir.Gereç ve YÖNTEMLER: 2003 doğumlu milli takım seçmelerine davet edilen 169 erkek futbol oyuncusunun 2016 10.ay ve 2017 1.ay antropometrik ölçümlerinin değişimlerini, fizik performans test çeviklik, dayanıklık, sürat, dikey sıçrama sonuçları ile karşılaştırdık. Gruplar arası farklılıkların saptanmasında paired-samples t-test kullanıldı. P0,05. Akademi lig futbolcularında çeviklik (p<0,01, sürat 10m süre azalışı ve dayanıklılıkta artış (p<0,05 düzeyindeydi. Amatör lig sporcularında ise çeviklik ve dayanıklılıkta artış, sürat 10m, 20m, 30m.de süre azalışı (p<0,01 saptandı. Kalecilerde çeviklik ve dayanıklılık artışı (p<0,01, defans oyuncularında boy, kilo, çeviklik ve dayanıklılık artışı (p<0,01 düzeyinde, orta saha oyuncularında boy, çeviklik artışı (p<0,01, sürat 10 ve 30m süre azalışı (p<0,05, forvet oyuncularında ise sadece çeviklik parametresinde artış (p<0,01 gözlemlendi.SONUÇ: U-14 yaş kategorisinde mücadele eden futbolcuların dört aylık dönem içerisinde atletik performans göstergelerinin olumlu yönde geliştiği saptandı. Adolesan dönemde aynı kronolojik yaş grubundaki futbolcularda erken maturasyon kas gücü, dayanıklılık, performans ve yeteneğin geliştirilmesinde avantajdır. Fiziksel değişimin performansa kısa sürede ve doğru yans

    18. S-07: 12–14 Yaş Erkek Futbolculara Uygulanan Kombine Antrenmanların Kuvvet ve Bazı Fizyolojik Özelliklere Etkisi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Aydın Karabulak

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available Amaç; 12–14 yaş erkek futbolculara uygulanan kombine antrenmanlarının kuvvet ve bazı fizyolojik özelliklere etkisini araştırmak. Materyal ve Yöntem; Araştırmaya Isparta Gülspor kulübünde futbol oynayan 30 çocuk gönüllü olarak katıldı. Futbolcular, kombine antrenman (bileşik yapan (KAG grup (n:15 ve konvansiyonel (alışılagelmiş antrenman yapan grup (NAG (n:15 olarak iki gruba ayrıldı. Kombine antrenman grubu (n:15 futbolcularının ortalama yaşı 13,3±0,7 yıl, boy ortalaması 158,1±9,9 cm, vücut ağırlığı 48,2±11,4 kg’dır. Konvansiyonel antrenman grubu (n:15 futbolcularının ortalama yaşı 13,2±1,5 yıl, boy ortalaması 154,7±15,1 cm vücut ağırlığı 44,2±11,4 kg’dır. Her iki gruba da, fiziksel (boy,kilo, fizyolojik (K.A.S., tansiyon, vücut ısısı, biyomotorik (kuvvet, sürat, esneklik ve teknik (futtek testler uygulandı. Her iki gruba da altı (6 haftalık antrenman uygulandı. Grupların son testleri bağımsız örneklem t testi ile karşılaştırıldı.Bulgular; İki gurubun karşılaştırılması sonucu biyomotorik özellikler arasında sayılan şınav, dikey sıçrama, yatay sıçrama arasında; fizyolojik özellikler arasında sayılan vücut ısısı başlangıç değerleri arasında anlamlı fark olduğu bulundu (p<0,05. KAG ve NAG grubunun son kuvvet testleri karşılaştırıldığında; triceps press (üçbaşlı kas basma ve leg curl (bacak bükme kuvvet testleri arasında anlamlı fark bulundu (p<0,05. KAG ve NAG gruplarına uygulanan fizyolojik testlerden vücut ısısı başlangıç değerleri arasında anlamlı fark belirlendi (p<0,05.SONUÇ: Elde edilen verilere dayanarak. KAG yapan futbolcuların, NAG yapan futbolculara göre, biyomotorik ve fizyolojik özelliklerinin daha iyi geliştiği tespit edilmiştir.

    19. Hali ya taaluma ya ukalimani Tanzania: jana, leo na kesho ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Umuhimu wa ukalimani katika mawasiliano umeongezeka kutokana na utandawazi. Utandawazi umerahisisha kukutanika na kuwasiliana kwa watu wazungumzao lugha tofauti kupitia wakalimani. Kutokana na ongezeko hilo la umuhimu wa ukalimani, kumekuwa na jitihada mbalimbali katika nchi mbalimbali kuhakikisha ...

    20. Çeşitli Ekmeklerin Protein, Yağ, Nem, Kül, Karbonhidrat ve Enerji Değerleri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nilgün Karaağaoğlu

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Araştırma, Ankara il merkezinden elde edilen 33 ekmek üzerinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ekmeklerden alınan ikili veya üçlü örneklerde kül, nem, yağ ve azot (N tayini yapılmıştır. Analiz sonucunda elde edilen N miktarları, tahıl çeşitleri için önerilen katsayılar ile çarpılarak protein miktarları belirlenmiştir. Karbonhidrat ve enerji değerleri ise hesaplanarak bulunmuştur. Beyaz (BE, tam buğday ve köy (TE, kepekli (KE, yulaf (YE ve çavdar (ÇE olmak üzere 5 grupta toplanan ekmek çeşitlerinin protein miktarları arasındaki fark önemli bulunmamıştır (p>0.05. KE grubundaki ekmeklerin yağ miktarı en düşük düzeydedir ve YE ile TE grubundaki ekmeklerle arasındaki fark önemlidir (p<0.05. TE ve KE grubundaki ekmeklerdeki kül miktarı, BE grubundakilerden daha yüksektir (p<0.05. Sonuçlar, beyaz ekmeklerin yapımında kullanılan unlarda, öğütme sırasında kayıpların oluştuğunu göstermektedir. Tam buğday, kepekli, yulaf ve çavdar ekmekleri, içerdikleri diyet posası türleri ve miktarları da düşünüldüğünde, sağlık üzerindeki olumlu etkileri nedeniyle beyaz ekmeğe göre daha iyi seçeneklerdir.

    1. Current status, between-year comparisons and maternal transfer of organohalogenated compounds (OHCs) in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) from Bjørnøya, Svalbard (Norway)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Bytingsvik, J., E-mail: jenny.bytingsvik@akvaplan.niva.no [Akvaplan-niva AS, The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø Norway (Norway); Frantzen, M. [Akvaplan-niva AS, The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø Norway (Norway); Götsch, A.; Heimstad, E.S. [NILU (Norwegian Institute for Air Research), The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø Norway (Norway); Christensen, G. [Akvaplan-niva AS, The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø Norway (Norway); Evenset, A. [Akvaplan-niva AS, The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø Norway (Norway); University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Pb 6050 Langnes, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway)

      2015-07-15

      High levels of organohalogenated compounds (OHCs) have been found in Arctic char from Lake Ellasjøen at Bjørnøya (Svalbard, Norway) compared to char from other arctic lakes. The first aim of the study was to investigate the OHC status, contaminant profile, and partitioning of OHCs between muscle and ovary tissue in spawning female char from the high-polluted Lake Ellasjøen and the low-polluted Lake Laksvatn. The second aim was to investigate if OHC levels in muscle tissue have changed over time. Between-lake comparisons show that the muscle levels (lipid weight) of hexachlorobenzene (HCB), chlordanes (∑ CHLs), mirex, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (∑ DDTs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (∑ PCBs) were up to 36 times higher in char from Ellasjøen than in Laksvatn, and confirm that the char from Ellasjøen are still heavily exposed compared to char from neighboring lake. A higher proportion of persistent OHCs were found in Ellasjøen compared to Laksvatn, while the proportion of the less persistent OHCs was highest in Laksvatn. A between-year comparison of OHC levels (i.e., HCB, DDTs, PCBs) in female and male char shows higher levels of HCB in female char from Ellasjøen in 2009/2012 compared to in 1999/2001. No other between-year differences in OHC levels were found. Due to small study groups, findings associated with between-year differences in OHC levels should be interpreted with caution. OHCs accumulate in the lipid rich ovaries of spawning females, resulting in up to six times higher levels of OHCs in ovaries compared to in muscle (wet weight). The toxic equivalent (TEQ)-value for the dioxin-like PCBs (PCB-105 and -118) in ovaries of the Ellasjøen char exceeded levels associated with increased egg mortality in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Hence, we suggest that future studies should focus on the reproductive health and performance abilities of the high-exposed population of char inhabiting Lake Ellasjøen. - Highlights: • Examine levels

    2. La formación de habilidades en Química General en la perspectiva de la teoría de P. Ya. Galperin, como actividad de contrucción de conocimientos

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Beltrán Núñez Isauro

      1999-01-01

      Full Text Available Thir paper presents the results of a pedagogical experiment conducted with chemistry students of the mechanical engineering curriculum. The aim of the experiment was to study the development of the a general ability for the study program as a process of knowledge construction based on the theory of assimilation of P. Ya. Galperin.

    3. Impacts of Social Network on Therapeutic Community Participation: A Follow-up Survey of Data Gathered after Ya'an Earthquake.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Li, Zhichao; Chen, Yao; Suo, Liming

      2015-01-01

      In recent years, natural disasters and the accompanying health risks have become more frequent, and rehabilitation work has become an important part of government performance. On one hand, social networks play an important role in participants' therapeutic community participation and physical & mental recovery. On the other hand, therapeutic communities with widespread participation can also contribute to community recovery after disaster. This paper described a field study in an earthquake-stricken area of Ya'an. A set of 3-stage follow-up data was obtained concerning with the villagers' participation in therapeutic community, social network status, demographic background, and other factors. The Hierarchical linear Model (HLM) method was used to investigate the determinants of social network on therapeutic community participation. First, social networks have significantly impacts on the annual changes of therapeutic community participation. Second, there were obvious differences in education between groups mobilized by the self-organization and local government. However, they all exerted the mobilization force through the acquaintance networks. Third, local cadre networks of villagers could negatively influence the activities of self-organized therapeutic community, while with positively influence in government-organized therapeutic activities. This paper suggests that relevant government departments need to focus more on the reconstruction and cultivation of villagers' social network and social capital in the process of post-disaster recovery. These findings contribute to better understandings of how social networks influence therapeutic community participation, and what role local government can play in post-disaster recovery and public health improvement after natural disasters.

    4. Commentary on “A Modest Proposal for a Basic Agreement on Peaceful Cross-Strait Development” by Chang Ya-chung

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Christopher R. Hughes

      2010-04-01

      Full Text Available This critique assesses Prof. Chang Ya-chung’s draft basic agreement for cross-Strait relations by arguing that it overstates changes in Beijing’s Taiwan policy, which is based on a strategy that has not seen substantial change since it was devised in the early 1990s to prevent the island’s democratization leading to the exercise of self-determination. By over-estimating Taiwan’s political, diplomatic, military, and economic vulnerability the proposal unnecessarily narrows down Taibei’s options to the point where it has to accept Beijing’s one-China principle. This merely closes off other options that Taiwan can just as readily pursue, such as continuing to develop cross-Strait relations through ad hoc solutions to practical problems or seeking more imaginative ways to create a durable modus vivendi with international support. Even more problematic is that a political framework for stability based on the principles of Chinese nationalism is unlikely to be acceptable for Taiwan’s liberaldemocratic politics and could thus amount to an unnecessary risk that would lead to a less durable cross-Strait status quo than that which has been maintained over the last two decades.

    5. Self-esteem and hope mediate the relations between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder and growth in adolescents following the Ya'an earthquake.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Zhou, Xiao; Wu, Xinchun; Zhen, Rui

      2018-01-01

      Although posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) can co-exist, and several theories suggest that social support, self-esteem, and hope can predict both PTSD and PTG, no study to date has examined the combined role of social support, self-esteem, and hope in PTSD and PTG. The present study aimed to simultaneously examine the mediating roles of self-esteem and hope in the relations between social support and PTSD, and between social support and PTG. This study included 397 adolescents living in Lushan County, China, who were affected by the Ya'an earthquake. The participants completed the self-report questionnaires at two and a half years after the earthquake. Structural equation models were built to examine the roles of social support, self-esteem, and hope in PTSD and PTG. Social support directly and negatively predicted PTSD and positively predicted PTG. Moreover, social support negatively predicted PTSD via self-esteem, and positively predicted PTG via hope. In addition, social support positively predicted PTG through multiple mediating paths from self-esteem to hope. PTSD and PTG had different predictive paths. Specifically, social support reduced PTSD through enhanced self-esteem and promoted PTG through hope, or through the path from self-esteem to hope.

    6. Ya'aba et al.

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Christy

      Dieterich DT., Purow JM and Rajapaksa R (1999): Activity of combination therapy with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin in chronic hepatitis C patients co-infected with HIV. Semin. Liver Diseases. 19(supplement. 1):87-94. 5. Federal Ministry of Health Nigeria (2004). National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey.

    7. Düşük Erüsik Asitli Kolza Tohumu ve Yağlarının Bazı Özellikleri Üzerine Araştırmalar

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Aziz Tekin

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, düşük erüsik asitli kolza tohumu ve yağlarının bazı özellikleri araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla ondört farklı kolza çeşidi kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre; kolza tohumlarında rutubet oranı %4.57-5.64, bin tane ağırlığı kurumaddede 2.51-6.18 g, ham selüloz oranı yağsız kurumaddede %11.54-18.17, protein oranı kurumaddede %17.16-25.26 ve yağ oranı kurumaddede %33.45-49.50 arasındadır. Tohumlardan petrol eteri ekstraksiyonuyla elde edilen yağlarda ise özgül ağırlık 0.9150-0.9265, kırılma indisi  1.4685-1.4721, serbest yağ asitleri %0.22-0.59, peroksit sayısı 3.11-8.24 MeO2/kg, iyot sayısı 102.0-115.1 sabunlaşma sayısı 178-185 ve sabunlaşmayan madde miktarı %0.35-0.71 arasında bulunmuştur.

    8. Bazı bitki koruma ürünlerinin toprakta yaşayan hedef dışı omurgasızlar üzerine etkileri

      OpenAIRE

      HAMMAD, Ahmed M. A.; 169-176, M. Oktay GÜRKAN

      2012-01-01

      Toprakta yaşayan omurgasızlar, karasal ekosistemde çok önemli roller üstlenirler. Bitki koruma ürünlerinin topraktaki organizmalar üzerinde etkili olduğu ve bunun sonucunda bu organizmaların popülasyonlarında görülen değişimin, bu canlıların topraktaki fonksiyonları üzerinde olumsuz etkileri olduğu bilinmektedir. Çalışmanın temel hedefi, toprağa uygulanan pestisitlerin toprakta yaşayan hedef dışı organizmalara olan olumsuz etkilerinin belirlenmesidir. Çalışmalar Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fak...

    9. Ankara Çayı’na ait Pleistosen Yaşlı Teras Çökellerinin Jeokimyasal Özellikleri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Çiğdem SAYDAM EKER

      2017-10-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Ankara Çayı’na ait Pleistosen yaşlı teras çökellerinin jeokimyasal özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ve buna bağlı olarak kaynak alanındaki ayrışma derecesi, sedimanter döngü tarihçesi ve kaynak kayaların belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. İncelenen çökellerin CIA, PIA ve ICV değerleri sırasıyla 58.6, 58.7 ve 1.58 olarak belirlenmiştir. Söz konusu çökellerin genel olarak basit sedimanter döngüye maruz kaldığı ve kaynak alanından çok uzaklara taşınmadığı için çökellerin kimyasal bileşimlerinin çoğunlukla kaynak kaya bileşiminin kontrolü altında olduğu saptanmıştır. İncelen örneklerin Al2O3/TiO2, La/Sc, Co/Th ve Th/Sc oranlarının sırasıyla 8-21, 2.52-4.4, 1.50-2.19 ve 0.70-1.03 arasında değiştiği belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca, çökeller negatif Eu anomalisi ve yüksek HNTE/ANTE oranları içermektedir. Bu veriler doğrultusunda, çalışma alanında muhtemelen, zayıf-orta kimyasal ayrışma, zaman zaman yüksek tektonik aktivite ve yüksek erozyon olduğu, teras çökellerin ortaç veya felsik-mafik bileşimli kaynaktan malzeme aldığı ve kimyasal olarak olgun olmadığı kanısına varılmıştır.

    10. Research participation after terrorism: an open cohort study of survivors and parents after the 2011 Utøya attack in Norway.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Stene, Lise Eilin; Dyb, Grete

      2016-02-01

      Reliable estimates of treatment needs after terrorism are essential to develop an effective public health response. More knowledge is required on research participation among survivors of terrorism to interpret the results properly and advance disaster research methodology. This article reports factors associated with participation in an open cohort study of survivors of the Utøya youth camp attack and their parents. Overall, 490 survivors were invited to two semi-structured interviews that were performed 4-5 and 14-15 months after the attack. The parents of 482 survivors aged 13-32 years were eligible for a complementary study. The study had an open cohort design in which all of the eligible survivors were invited to both waves. Pearson's Chi squared tests (categorical variables) and independent t tests (continuous variables) were used to compare survivors by participation. Altogether, 355 (72.4 %) survivors participated: 255 in both waves, 70 in wave 1 only, and 30 in wave 2 only. Compared with the two-wave participants, wave-1-only participants were more often non-Norwegian and reported higher exposure, whereas wave-2-only participants reported more posttraumatic stress, anxiety/depression, and somatic symptoms. In total, 331 (68.7 %) survivors had ≥1 participating parents, including 311 (64.5 %) with maternal and 243 (50.4 %) with paternal participation. Parental non-participation was associated with non-Norwegian origin, somatic symptoms and less social support. Additionally, paternal non-participation was associated with having divorced parents, and maternal non-participation was associated with higher age, not living with parents, posttraumatic stress and anxiety/depression symptoms. Survivors with initial non-participation had more symptoms than did the other participants. Thus, an open cohort design in post-terrorism studies might improve the participation among survivors with higher morbidity. Because the factors associated with maternal and

    11. The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel: environment, hominin culture, subsistence and adaptation on the shores of the paleo-Hula Lake

      Science.gov (United States)

      Goren-Inbar, N.

      2014-12-01

      The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (GBY), located in the Hula Valley, northern sector of the Dead Sea transform, stretches along 3.5 km of the Jordan River and its banks. The accumulation of tilted lake-margin sediments interfingered with basalt flows began 1.1 Ma and ended after 0.6 Ma. The excavations (1989-1997) exposed 34 m thick deposits that provide unique data sets on climate, environment, biology, culture and hominin behavior. Hominin presence is known throughout the sequence, providing information on Acheulian technology and cognition along the time trajectory, but the richest sites (15 in number) occur above the M/B Chron Boundary. Reconstructions of paleoenvironment and habitats are based on fossil remains yielding an extremely rich typically Mediterranean biomass of diverse biogeographic origins. Macro and micro organic material (over 140 identified taxa) exhibits a typical Mediterranean environment similar to the extant flora, with few extinctions (20 species). The rich fossil faunal include molluscs, ostracods, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, micromammals and medium-sized to large mammals (over 237 taxa), predominantly Palearctic in biogeographic origin. Many of these taxa are still extant, attesting to stable habitats and paleoclimatic conditions. Hominin occupations are documented by thousands of lithic artifacts (flint, limestone and basalt), all assigned to the Large Flake Acheulian culture. These assemblages show a continuous cultural tradition of the same tool kit along the time trajectory. The lithic reduction required developed cognitive abilities and communication abilities, interpreted as language. Evidence of hominin subsistence includes data on carcass processing including extraction of marrow, with a preference for consumption of fallow deer, elephant, hippopotamus and fish. Edible plant remains include nuts, USO, fruits, seeds and vegetables in association with stone artifacts and animal bones. Fire, present throughout, was

    12. Members of miR-169 family are induced by high salinity and transiently inhibit the NF-YA transcription factor

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lin Hongxuan

      2009-04-01

      Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs are endogenously expressed small RNAs with a length of about 21 nt. MiRNAs silence their target genes at the post-transcriptional level. In plants, miRNAs play various developmental and physiological roles by cleavaging mRNAs predominantly. Drought and high salinity are the most severe environmental abiotic stresses and cause crop losses all over the world. Results In this study, we identified miR-169g and miR-169n (o as high salinity-responsive miRNAs in rice. MiR-169n and miR169o were in a miRNA cluster with a distance of 3707 base pairs (bp. The high degree of conservation and close phylogenic distance of pre-miR-169n and pre-miR-169o indicated that they were derived from a very recent tandem duplication evolutionary event. The existence of a cis-acting abscisic acid responsive element (ABRE in the upstream region of miR-169n (o suggested that miR-169n (o may be regulated by ABA. In our previous study, we found that miR-169g was induced by the osmotic stress caused by drought via a dehydration-responsive element (DRE. Thus, our data showed that there were both overlapping and distinct responses of the miR-169 family to drought and salt stresses. We also showed that these miR-169 members selectively cleaved one of the NF-YA genes, Os03g29760, which is a CCAAT-box binding transcription factor and participates in transcriptional regulation of large number genes. Finally, we found one or more ath-miR-169 member that was also induced by high salinity. Conclusion We identified members of the miR-169 family as salt-induced miRNAs and analyzed their evolution, gene organization, expression, transcriptional regulation motif and target gene. Our data also indicated that the salt-induction of some miR-169 members was a general property in plants.

    13. Ham ve rafine ayçiçeği yağı üretiminde TS EN ISO 22000 gıda güvenliği sisteminin kurulması

      OpenAIRE

      Erfa, Mehmet Ali

      2007-01-01

      ÖZET YÜKSEK L SANS TEZ HAM VE RAF NE AYÇ ÇEĞ YAĞI ÜRET M NDE TS EN ISO 22000 GIDA GÜVENL Ğ S STEM N N KURULMASI Trakya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Gıda Mühendisliği Anabilim Dalı Bu araştırmada 99.000 ton/yıl ayçiçeği kırma ve 34.000 ton/yıl rafine ayçiçeği yağı ürün kapasiteli toplam 214 kişinin çalışmakta olduğu, ham ve rafine yağ üretim tesislerinin yer aldığı özel sektöre ait bir yağ işletmesinde HACCP gıda güvenliği sistemi kurulmuştur. Bu çalışmada HACCP sisteminin temel prensi...

    14. Burdur’da Evde Sağlık Hizmeti Alan Yaşlı Hastaların Profili ve Evde Verilen Sağlık Hizmetleri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Binali Çatak

      2012-04-01

      Full Text Available Amaç: 2011 yılında ülkemizde kamusal düzeyde evde sağlık hizmeti verilmesi fiili olarak başlatılmıştır. Çalışmada; Burdur’da evde sağlık hizmeti kullanan 65 yaş ve üzeri yaşlı hastaların profilini ve evde verilen sağlık hizmetlerini tanımlamak amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı tipteki bu araştırmanın evrenini, Nisan 2011 tarihinde Burdur İl Sağlık Müdürlüğü Evde Sağlık Hizmeti Koordinasyon Merkezi’ne kayıtlı 65 yaş ve üzeri 140 kişi oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada örneklem seçilmemiş olup, evrenin tümüne ulaşılması hedeflenmiştir. Veriler anket yöntemiyle, yüz yüze görüşme tekniği kullanılarak toplanmış ve SPSS paket programı kullanılarak analizler tamamlanmıştır. Bulgular: Yaş ortalaması 79.6 olan yaşlıların %67.6’sı kadın, %53.7’sinin eşi ölmüş, %52.8’i okuryazar değil, %47.2’sinin sosyal güvencesi bulunmamakta ve %25.9’unun sağlık güvencesi yeşil karttır. Yaşlılarda en çok bulunan hastalıklar hipertansiyon (%48.1 ve inmedir (%39.8. Yaşlıların kolaylıkla yapabildikleri eylemlerin başında yemek yeme gelirken (%30.6; fatura yatırma, hastaneye gitme vb. gibi aktivitelerde hemen hemen tamamen bağımlıdırlar (%99.1. Yaşlılara evde verilen tıbbi hizmetler %46.3 muayene ve ilaçla tedavi, %26.9 muayene, tetkik ve ilaçla tedavi, %14.8 enjeksiyon, sonda takma ve yara bakımıdır. Yaşlılara evde verilen sağlık hizmetlerinin %87.0’sini sadece devlet hastanesi, %3.7’sini ise aile hekimi vermiştir. Evde sağlık hizmeti verenlerin büyük kısmını (%92.6 hekimler oluşturmuştur. Sonuç: Evde sağlık hizmeti sunulan yaşlıların sosyodemografik özellikleri, hastalık örüntüleri ve bağımlılık durumu toplumdaki yaşlı populasyonundan farklıdır. Sağlık hizmet sunumuna birden fazla sağlık kurumu dâhil olmaktadır, sunulan sağlık hizmeti kapsamlı değildir ve multidisipliner ekip anlayışından yoksundur

    15. Review of the monograph “Corruption: nature, revelation, interaction” / editor-in-chief Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences T. Ya. Khabrieva. Мoscow: “Yurisprudentsiya” Publishers, 2014, 688 p.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sergey F. Milyukov

      2016-03-01

      Full Text Available The review presents the authorsrsquo opinion of the monograph ldquoCorruption nature revelation interactionrdquo editorinchief Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences T. Ya. Khabrieva. Selected chapters and paragraphs are reviewed and analyzed. The authors note both positive and negative sides of the monograph. The concept of corruption as a social phenomenon is discussed as well as the need to implement international norms in national legislation the legal framework for combating corruption in Russia the activities of the various institutions to fight against corruption combating corruption in state and municipal service ways of overcoming the corruption potential of legal acts impact of corruption on business and methods of combating corruption abroad. The team of authors including a large number of wellknown scientists and politicians S. B. Ivanov S. B. Naryshkin S. V. Stepashin Yu. A. Tikhomirov A. V. Fedorov T. Ya. Khabrieva etc. view corruption as a social phenomenon highlight the issues of international cooperation on corruption issues give a detailed review of legislation including international on combating corruption and name individual institutions to counteract this dangerous phenomenon. Special chapters are devoted to corruption in the system of state and municipal service and corruption in the business sector. Detailed attention in a separate chapter is given to the institution of anticorruption expertise. nbsp

    16. Etil Paraben ve Metil Parabenin Caenorhabditis Elegans’ta Yumurta Verimi, Yaşama Yüzdesi ve Fiziksel Büyüme Üzerine Olan Etkilerinin Araştırılması

      OpenAIRE

      TÜRKOĞLU, Şifa; PİRİNÇ, Bayram

      2016-01-01

      Özet. Bu çalışmada gıdalarda ve çeşitli kozmetik ürünlerde koruyucu madde olarak kullanılan etil ve metil parabenin Caenorhabditis elegans’ın (C. elegans) yaşama yüzdesi ve yumurta verimi üzerine olan etkileri araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada etil ve metil parabenin farklı dozlarını içeren Nematod besiyerleri (NGM) hazırlanarak C. elegans bireyleri bu ortamda yaşamaya bırakılmıştır. Bütün petrilerdeki C. elegans bireyleri ölene kadar her gün aynı saatte sayım yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar madde...

    17. Günlük Yaşamdaki Kimya Kavram Yanılgılarının Atasözleri İle Tespit Edilmesi

      OpenAIRE

      Yavuz, Soner; Büyükekşi, Cem

      2016-01-01

      Kavram yanılgıları, kimya öğretiminde öğrenci ve öğretmenler için sıkıntı verici bir sorundur. Öğrencilerin sahip oldukları bu fikirler bilimsel olarak tutarsız düşünce, önyargı ve yaşam deneyimlerini ortaya koymaktadır. Bu durum, öğrencilerin kimya konularını doğru olarak öğrenmelerini güçleştirmektedir. Araştırmada, öğrencilerin günlük yaşam konularında sahip oldukları kavram yanılgılarının tespit edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda, öğrencilerin sahip olduğu kavram yanılgıları Ar...

    18. MAARSY - the new MST radar on Andøya: first results of spaced antenna and Doppler measurements of atmospheric winds in the troposphere and mesosphere using a partial array

      Science.gov (United States)

      Stober, G.; Latteck, R.; Rapp, M.; Singer, W.; Zecha, M.

      2012-09-01

      MST radars have been used to study the troposphere, stratosphere and mesosphere over decades. These radars have proven to be a valuable tool to investigate atmospheric dynamics. MAARSY, the new MST radar at the island of Andøya uses a phased array antenna and is able to perform spaced antenna and Doppler measurements at the same time with high temporal and spatial resolution. Here we present first wind observations using the initial expansion stage during summer 2010. The tropospheric spaced antenna and Doppler beam swinging experiments are compared to radiosonde measurements, which were launched at the nearby Andøya Rocket Range (ARR). The mesospheric wind observations are evaluated versus common volume meteor radar wind measurements. The beam steering capabilities of MAARSY are demonstrated by performing systematic scans of polar mesospheric summer echoes (PMSE) using 25 and 91 beam directions. These wind observations permit to evaluate the new radar against independent measurements from radiosondes and meteor radar measurements to demonstrate its capabilities to provide reliable wind data from the troposphere up to the mesosphere.

    19. Gündelik Yaşam ve Toplumsal Hayat Perspektifinden Bir Mikro Tarih Denemesi: Şinasi'nin Kaleminden XIX. Yüzyılda İstanbul Sokaklarına Bakış

      OpenAIRE

      YALÇIN-ÇELİK, S. Dilek

      2014-01-01

      Şinasi, yeni aydın tipinin bir örneğidir ve Tasvir-i Efkar\\'da yazdığı makalelerde 19. yüzyılda İstanbul\\'da yaşanan değişimi ayrıntılı olarak ele alır. İstanbul\\'un sokaklarında gördüklerinden şehrin mimarisinde kullanılan ahşap malzemeye dair pek çok konuyu yazılarında işleyen Şinasi, Avrupa\\'da gördüğü gibi bir şehir görüntüsü arzular ve çağın gerektirdiği gibi bir gündelik yaşamı tasavvur eder. 19. yüzyıl İstanbul sokaklarına bakan ve gördüklerine ilişkin değerlendirme...

    20. Okulöncesi Yaşta işitme Engelli Çocuğu Bulunan Ailelerin Anasınıfına Geçiş Sürecindeki Gereksinimlerinin Belirlenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tevhide Kargın

      2001-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırma okul öncesi yaştaki işitme engelli çocukların anasınıfına geçişlerinde ailelerinin gereksinimlerini belirlemeyi amaçlamıştır. Araştırma grubunun okul öncesi dönemde yaşları 3 ile 5 arasında işitme engelli çocuğu bulunan 94 anne-baba oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın verileri araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen ve geçerlik güvenirlik çalışması yapılan “Anasınıfına Geçişte Aile Gereksinimleri Belirleme Aracı” ile toplanmıştır. Anne-babaların “Anasınıfına Geçişte Aile Gereksinimleri Belirleme Aracı” na verdikleri tepkiler aritmetik ortalama ve yüzdelerle belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca aile gereksinim düzeyinin çocuğun eğitime başlama yaşına, annenin ve babanın yaşları ve eğitim düzeylerine göre farklılaşıp farklılaşmadığı Kruskal Wallis H Testi ile irdelenmiştir. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre araştırmaya katılan anne-babalar anasınıfına geçişte aile gereksinimlerini belirleme ölçeğinde yer alan tüm ifadelerle gereksinimleri olduğunu belirtmişlerdir. This study investigated the information needs of parents with children in transition into public kindergarten. The research group consisted of 94 parents with children with hearing impairment with ages ranging from 3 to 5. “ The Sacale Parental Information Needs in Transition to Kindrgarten” was used. The scale was developed by researchers. Parents responses to the items of the questionnaires were determined by the means and percentages. This research also examined the effects of different variables such as the age at which children began education, age and educational level of parents. The data was anlayzed by Kruskal Wallis H Test. The results in this study that parents have information needs in all items of the scale.

    1. Hastanede Yatarak Tedavi Gören 3-6 Yaş Çocukların Uyku Alışkanlıklarının Belirlenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      AKGÜN KOSTAK, Melahat; KOCAASLAN, Esra; BİLSEL, Ayşegül; MUTLU, Aysel

      2016-01-01

      Amaç: Çalışma 3-6 çocukların uyku alışkanlıklarını ve etkileyen faktörleri belirlemek amacıyla yapıldı. Materyal ve Metod: Tanımlayıcı tipteki çalışma bir Üniversite ve Devlet Hastanesinin çocuk kliniklerinde yatan 3-6 yaş çocuğa sahip 189 anne ile gerçekleştirildi. Araştırmanın verileri aile ve çocuğun sosyo-demografik ve uyku alışkanlıkları ile ilgili sorulardan oluşan “Anket Formu” ile toplandı. Veriler yüzdelik, ortalama ve standart sapma ve ki- kare testi ile analiz edildi. Bulgular: Çoc...

    2. Kemoterapi Alan Jinekolojik Kanserli Hastaların Aktivite Performanslarının Toplumsal Katılım ve Yaşam Kalitesi Üzerine Olan Etkisi

      OpenAIRE

      Pekçetin, Serkan; Bumin, Gonca; Güngör, Tayfun; TunÇ, Suphi

      2013-01-01

      Amaç:Bu çalışmanın amacı kemoterapi alan jinekolojik kanserli hastaların aktivitelerdeki performans ve tatmin düzeyinin toplumsal katılım ve yaşam kalitesi üzerine olan etkilerini belirlemekti. Gereç ve yöntem: Eylül 2011- Şubat 2012 tarihleri arasında Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Kemoterapi Merkezinde kemoterapi almakta olan jinekolojik kanser teşhisi almış hastalardan basit rastgele örneklem yöntemiyle seçilen 30 hasta değerlendirmeye alındı. Değerlendirmede araştırma...

    3. WRI1-1, ABI5, NF-YA3 and NF-YC2 increase oil biosynthesis in coordination with hormonal signaling during fruit development in oil palm.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Yeap, Wan-Chin; Lee, Fong-Chin; Shabari Shan, Dilip Kumar; Musa, Hamidah; Appleton, David Ross; Kulaveerasingam, Harikrishna

      2017-07-01

      The oil biosynthesis pathway must be tightly controlled to maximize oil yield. Oil palm accumulates exceptionally high oil content in its mesocarp, suggesting the existence of a unique fruit-specific fatty acid metabolism transcriptional network. We report the complex fruit-specific network of transcription factors responsible for modulation of oil biosynthesis genes in oil palm mesocarp. Transcriptional activation of EgWRI1-1 encoding a key master regulator that activates expression of oil biosynthesis genes, is activated by three ABA-responsive transcription factors, EgNF-YA3, EgNF-YC2 and EgABI5. Overexpression of EgWRI1-1 and its activators in Arabidopsis accelerated flowering, increased seed size and oil content, and altered expression levels of oil biosynthesis genes. Protein-protein interaction experiments demonstrated that EgNF-YA3 interacts directly with EgWRI1-1, forming a transcription complex with EgNF-YC2 and EgABI5 to modulate transcription of oil biosynthesis pathway genes. Furthermore, EgABI5 acts downstream of EgWRKY40, a repressor that interacts with EgWRKY2 to inhibit the transcription of oil biosynthesis genes. We showed that expression of these activators and repressors in oil biosynthesis can be induced by phytohormones coordinating fruit development in oil palm. We propose a model highlighting a hormone signaling network coordinating fruit development and fatty acid biosynthesis. © 2017 The Authors The Plant Journal © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    4. Ziştovi ve Yaş Antlaşması Arasında Tuna Kıyısında Bir Osmanlı Kenti: Silistre (1791–1793 The Danube Coast Between The Treaty Of Ziştovi And Yaş An Ottoman City: Silistra (1791 – 1793

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hava SELÇUK

      2013-07-01

      ınınkarşılanmasında( zahire, peksimet, silah vs önemli bir fonksiyonasahipti. Bu çalışmada kaynak olarak iki antlaşma arasında kadılartarafından tutulan 50 Numaralı Şer’iyye Sicili (1791-1793kullanılmıştır. 50 Numaralı Şer’iyye Sicili Ziştovi ve Yaş Antlaşmasıöncesi ve bu antlaşmalar sonrası Silistre’nin siyasi, sosyal, ekonomik veaskeri meselelerine ışık tutacak bilgiler ihtiva etmektedir. Şer’iyyeSicilleri, Osmanlı toplumunun siyasî, iktisadî, hukukî ve içtimaîdurumlarının ortaya çıkarılmasında önemli kaynaklardır. BulgaristanArşivi “Nationale Biblioteque” de bulunan 50 Numaralı Silistre Şer’iyyeSicili çalışmamızın ana kaynağını oluşturmaktadır. Söz konusudefterde miras davaları, aile, görevli tayinleri, gemi yapımı, elçilik, vergi(zahire, duhan, adat-ı ağnam vb. konuların yer aldığı iktisadî, askerî veiçtimaî olayları içeren iki yüz otuz üç belge bulunmaktadır. Askerikonulara ışık tutacak konulardaki ferman, emir, buyruldular şer’iyyesicillerine kayıt edilmiştir. Eşkıyalık, zahirenin gemilerle taşınması,ihtida (din değiştirme, tanassur ve Nemçe esirleri konularıincelenmiştir. Silistre’nin 1791–1793 yıllarına ait sicil kayıtlarındanhareketle bölgenin toplumsal hayatı ortaya konulmuştur.

    5. Sözden Yazıya, Yinelemeden Hatırlamaya, Ritüelden Estetiğe Devam Eden Anlatı / Narrative Continuing from Oral to Text, Repetition to Memory, Ritual to Aesthetics

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. Emir İlhan

      2017-04-01

      Full Text Available Abstract This study examines how a narrative transform from oral to text, repetition to memory and ritual to aesthetics. The study consists of three sections. In the first section; the questions about “what is the protected one?” and “what is the changed one?” in narration while a narration transforms to text will be discussed. In the second section, it is investigated that how "repetition" transformed to "remembering" in terms of memory, or in other words, how "symbolic" connotative recall transferred to "imaginary" thinkable remembering as the basic notion of oral culture. In the last section, the transition between symbolic and imaginary shown as they are actually the foundation of an evolution from aesthetic narrative to ritualistic words. Consequently, on contrary to the modern thoughts and thinkers which/who claim that the tension caused by the differentiation of ages is a “break”, the main purpose of this study is to show that it is not a “break” but “continuation”. The age difference of narration which occurs as a result of the difference between the word and writing/literacy; which is opposed to modernize the ideas and thinkers which handle this difference as a "break" may be seen as a "continuing". Öz Bu çalışmada, bir anlatının sözden yazıya, tekrardan hatırlamaya, ritüelden estetiğe nasıl bir dönüşüm geçirdiği ortaya konulmaktadır. Çalışmada, bir anlatının sözden yazıya geçerken tekrardan hatırlamaya doğru nasıl bir form değişikliğine uğradığı; bunun sonucu olarak da sözün yinelemeye dayalı ritüelistik formunun, yazıyla birlikte hatırlamayla oluşan bir estetik forma dönüştüğü ortaya konulacaktır. Çalışma üç bölümden oluşmaktadır. Birinci bölümde, sözden yazıya geçişte, “anlatıda korunan şey nedir?” ve “anlatıyla birlikte değişen şey nedir?”, sorusu irdelenecektir. Sözden yazıya, anlatıda devam eden form ve özün izlekleri ortaya

    6. S-33: Atletik Performans Testleri U-14 Yaş Erkek Futbolcuların Elit Düzeye Kabülündeki Seçme Faktörlerinden Biri Olabilir Mi?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Bernard Tahirbegolli

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Son yıllarda sporda yetenek seçimi ve geliştirme programları gündemdedir. Futbolda da yeteneğin seçilmesinde, geliştirilmesinde pratik uygulamada kabul gören tek bir rehber yoktur. Fakat tercih edilen erken dönem futbola başlanması, yeteneğin ortaya çıkarılması ve antreman programlarıyla geliştirilmesidir. Bu adolesan dönemde kolay görülmemektedir. Aynı yaş gruplarındaki fiziksel farklılıklar, performans test kriterleri, adolesan sporcunun potensiyelinin anlaşılmasını zorlaştırmaktadır.AMAÇ: U-14 yaş erkek futbolculardan milli takım seçmelerine davet edilen ve sonrasında milli takıma seçilen ve seçilmeyenler arasında lig maçlarındaki durumları ile atletik performans test sonuçlarının seçim kriterleri olarak kullanılabilirliğini değerlendirmek.GEREÇ-YÖNTEM: 2015-2016 sezonunun U-14 milli takım seçme kampına davet edilen ve 2016-2017 sezonun ilk yarısında aktif futbol oynayan sporcuların maç, toplam dakika, sarı/kırmızı kart, gol sayısı ve sporcuların kamp esnasında ölçülen MaxV02, agility test, atlama, sürat ve YOYO IRT1 dayanıklılık testleri ile karşılaştırıldı. Nitel veriler % olarak özetlendi. Gruplar arası farklılıkların saptanmasında Mann-Whitney testi kullanıldı. P0,20.SONUÇ: Büyüme ve gelişmenin, yetenek gelişim programlarını ve gelecekteki performansı etkilediği dönem adolesan dönemdir. Adolesan futbolcularda müsabaka için performans göstergeleri olarak değerlendirilebilen oynadıkları maç sayısı, toplam oyunda kaldığı dakika, sarı/kırmızı kart sayılarında anlamlı fark saptamadık. Bu yaş grubundaki futbolcuların elit düzeye kabulünde atletik performans test sonuçlarının daha etkin bir gösterge olabileceği düşünülmektedir.

    7. Farklı Zorbalık Konumunda Olmak Empatik Eğilim ve Yaşam Doyumu Bağlamında Bir Fark Yaratır mı?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Baki DUY

      2014-04-01

      Full Text Available Zorbalık okullarda giderek yaygınlaşan ve tüm dünyada sorun haline gelen bir olgudur. Yapılan çalışmalar, zorbalık ile çeşitli kişisel, ailevi ve sosyal değişkenlerin ilişkili olduğunu göstermekte. Dolayısıyla bu çalışmada, farklı zorbalık konumunda olma ile (zorba, kurban ve zorba/kurban empatik eğilim ve yaşam doyumu arasındaki ilişkilerin incelemesi amaç olarak belirlenmiştir. Araştırmanın örneklemini Diyarbakır merkezindeki ilköğretim okullarının 6, 7 ve 8. sınıflarına devam eden, %45,7’si kız, %54,3’ü erkek olmak üzere toplam 277 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Analizler sonucunda; kurban konumundaki öğrencilerin bilişsel empatik eğilim, duygusal empatik eğilim ve toplam empatik eğilim değişkenleri bağlamında zorba öğrenciler ile zorba/kurban öğrencilerden daha fazla empatik eğilime sahip olduğu; zorba öğrenciler ile zorba/kurban öğrenciler arasında bilişsel empatik eğilim, duygusal empatik eğilim ve toplam empatik eğilim değişkenleri bağlamında anlamlı bir farkın olmadığı bulunmuştur. Zorba/kurban konumundaki öğrencilerin, alan yazınla uyumlu bir şekilde diğer öğrencilere nazaran algılanan yaşam boyu bağlamında daha dezavantajlı bir durumda olduğu; zorba öğrencilerin ise daha avantajlı durumda olduğu bulunmuştur.  Diğer taraftan, empatik eğilim ve yaşam doyumu üzerinde cinsiyetin anlamlı bir etkisinin olmadığı bulunmuştur. Elde edilen bulgular mevcut alan yazın bağlamında tartışılmış ve öneriler sunulmuştur.

    8. Bulanık DEMATEL ve Bulanık TOPSIS Yöntemleri Kullanılarak Limanlarda Yaşanan İş Kazalarının İncelenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ünal ÖZDEMİR

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışma ile limanlarda meydana gelen iş kazalarının nedenleri ve bu kazaların önlenebilmesi/azaltılabilmesi için yapılması gerekenler ele alınmıştır. Çalışmada limanlarda yaşanan iş kazalarına neden olan etkenler tespit edilmiş ve bu soruna ilişkin uygulanabilir, alternatif çözüm önerileri sunulmaya çalışılmıştır. Kazaya sebep olan nedenlerin birbirleri ile olan ilişkileri, önem dereceleri bulanık DEMATEL (The Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory ve alternatif çözüm önerileri arasında sıralama yapabilmek için de bulanık TOPSIS (Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution yönteminin ele alındığı bir model yaklaşımı kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın sonuçlarına göre limanlarda yaşanan kazalara neden olan en önemli faktörlerden bazıları sırasıyla; “insan hatasına bağlı kazalar”, “yönetimsel sebeplere bağlı kazalar”, “uygunsuz ve yetersiz ekipman kullanımına bağlı kazalar” ve “çalışma ortamı ve şartlarına bağlı kazalar” olarak tespit edilmiştir. Bu soruna çözüm getirebilecek en önemli alternatiflerden bazıları ise; “yeterli eğitim ve tecrübeye sahip daimi kadrolu personel çalıştırılması”, “çalışma koşulları, saatleri ve personel sayılarında düzenlemelerin yapılması” ve “limanlarda ihtisaslaşmaya gidilmesi” olarak tespit edilmiştir.

    9. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

      OpenAIRE

      Gürsoy, Ayşe; Şenel, Ebru; Gürsel, Asuman; Deveci, Organ; Karademir, Ebru; Yaman, Şenay

      2001-01-01

      Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ) de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. gü...

    10. Etil Paraben ve Metil Parabenin Caenorhabditis Elegans’ta Yumurta Verimi, Yaşama Yüzdesi ve Fiziksel Büyüme Üzerine Olan Etkilerinin Araştırılması

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Şifa TÜRKOĞLU

      2016-10-01

      Full Text Available Özet. Bu çalışmada gıdalarda ve çeşitli kozmetik ürünlerde koruyucu madde olarak kullanılan etil ve metil parabenin Caenorhabditis elegans’ın (C. elegans yaşama yüzdesi ve yumurta verimi üzerine olan etkileri araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada etil ve metil parabenin farklı dozlarını içeren Nematod besiyerleri (NGM hazırlanarak C. elegans bireyleri bu ortamda yaşamaya bırakılmıştır. Bütün petrilerdeki C. elegans bireyleri ölene kadar her gün aynı saatte sayım yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar madde uygulanmamış kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırılmış ve istatistiksel olarak değerlendirilmiştir. Yapılan incelemeler sonucunda etil ve metil parabenin 350-400 ppm’lik dozlarının kontrol grubu ve diğer gruplardan istatistiksel olarak farklı olduğu gözlenmiştir. Her iki maddenin de yaşama yüzdesini kontrole nazaran düşürdüğü tespit edilmiştir.Yumurta verimi analizinde, etil ve metil parabenin her bir dozu için hazırlanmış NGM içeren petri kaplarına ergin C. elegans bireyleri aktarılmış ve 36 saat sonra buradaki bireylerden 20 tanesi alınarak paraben içermeyen NGM’li petri kutularına aktarılmıştır. 20 °C’de 30 dk bekletilen petri kutularındaki yumurtaların sayıları tespit edilmiştir. 24 saat sonra çatlamayan yumurtaların sayıları tespit edilerek kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırılmıştır. Yapılan istatistiksel değerlendirmeler sonucunda madde uygulanan gruplarda yumurta veriminin kontrole nazaran azaldığı belirlenmiştir.Fiziksel büyüme analizinde ise her iki maddenin tüm dozlarının kontrol grubuna göre büyümeyi baskıladığı fakat bu baskılanmanın istatistiksel olarak önemli olmadığı belirlenmiştir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Caenorhabditis elegans, etil paraben, metil paraben, yaşama yüzdesi, yumurta verimi, fiziksel büyüme Abstract. In this study, the effects of ethyl paraben and methyl paraben, which are used as preservative on the food

    11. Serum Leptin Düzeylerinin Prostat Kanserli ve Benign Prostat Hiperplazili Hastalarda ve Sağlıklı Kontrollerde (Genç ve Yaşlı) Saptanması

      OpenAIRE

      CANATAN, Halit; HALİFEOĞLU, İhsan; GÜRSU, M.Ferit; ARDIÇOĞLU, Arslan; DİNÇOĞLU, Dilnur; BAKAN, İbrahim

      2014-01-01

      Ob gen ürünü olan leptin, enerji dengesi, iştah üzerine önemli rolü olan, endokrin ve metabolik sistemlerle sıkı ilişki içerisinde adiposit kaynaklı bir hormondur. Prostat kanseri ve BPH ile leptin arasındaki ilişki halen araştırılmaktadır. Bu çalışmada leptinin prostat hastalıklarının tanı ve tedavisinin izlenmesinde kullanılabilecek ve tümör belirleyici özelliklere sahip bir molekül olup olmadığını araştırdık. Çalışmaya 23 sağlıklı genç kontrol (Grup A), 21 sağlıklı yaşlı kontrol (Grup B), ...

    12. Yaşamların Özü Olan Mevsimsel Bahâr Zemininde Ulusal Bahâr National Spring In Ground Seasonal Spring Being Essence Of Life

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ahmet ADIGÜZEL

      2013-09-01

      Full Text Available North hemisfere is a season in which takes place march, april,may and in spring animation of plants between summer and winter.Spring is one of the four seasons. This season include alterations ineverything such as animations of plants, colorful and a good smell life.The spring is a new life, beauty. We won’t examine this beauty. We willexamine spring’s Word which from spring of anation. Although HalideNusret Zorlutuna’s “ Git Bahar, Ağla Bahar, Gel Bahar, Bahar Geldi”poems are piece of verse they are poems which follow each other. Thepoet, who starts her bad life with Mondros treaty, shows pictures withher piece of verses. İn her Works such as Git Bahar, Ağla Bahar, GelBahar, Bahr Geldi, she tells about the success of nation and save fromcaptivity.In this piece of verses, it is told about season of spring andTurkish nation had events and unforeseen dnager left a deep traces inTurkish nations life. These dominant components, which affact fourverses of poet, form rich images and strong concepts. As willemainementioned, The poet express country, the civilization Turkish nation’spsychology and strugle in Anatolia in her work. The poet efforts to beTurkish nation’s language, guide. The poet also efforts to be nation’svoice with her standing individual. This shows Turkish nation’ssituation. The literature which is a branch of life form the societyproblems with a big pleasure. Kuzey yarım kürede mart, nisan ve mayıs aylarını içine alan 21 Mart-22 Haziran arası zaman aralığı ilkyaz, bahâr, bitkilerin canlandığı, canlıların kanlandığı kış ve yaz arasındaki mevsimdir. Bahâr, yılın dört mevsiminden biridir. Bu mevsim dilimi, evrenin olağan dışı yenilemeler ve değişerek gelişmeler gösterdiği capcanlı, rengârenk güzel kokulu ipeksi bir yaşam kreasyonu, karesidir. Bahâr bir yeniden doğuştur, diriliştir, ihyadır. Bizler, bu güzel yaşam tablosunu irdelemeyeceğiz. Bahâr kelimesinin “bir farkl

    13. Readers Responding: Creative Writing and YA Literature.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Nilsen, Alleen Pace

      1997-01-01

      Recommends an acclaimed anthology of young adult short stories, "Sixteen: Short Stories by Outstanding Writers for Young Adults" (1984), and discusses how the stories in it might be used as a basis for exercises in creative writing. (TB)

    14. Semi Vyomboni na Silika ya Ujasiriamali

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      The results revealed that personal attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control are the predictors of entrepreneurial intention accounting for 75%. Personal ... Therefore, it is important to know the factors that influence students' intentions to get involved with entrepreneurship as a career choice. To enhance ...

    15. Ya B Zeldovich (1914 –1987)

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      on fields as varied as optics and engineering. Remarkably Zeldovich never received any formal uni- versity education! He graduated from high school in St. ..... Top. -ological defects arise during an early phase transition once the universe has cooled below a critical value. Their properties are similar to the defects seen in ...

    16. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sevgi ÜNAL ULUKÜTÜK

      2011-05-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada Ağustos 1995 ve Ağustos 1996 yılları arasında Sakarya Nehri’ni de içine alan Eskişehir ili ve çevresinde Hydracarina faunasının sistematiği yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın bir başka amacı da Türkiye su akarları faunasına katkıda bulunmaktır

    17. El poder aeroespacial ya es un hecho

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tamame Camarero, José

      2002-02-01

      Full Text Available Not available

      Tras establecer los nuevos condicionantes que, ajuicio del autor, marcan el nuevo escenario internacional, se determina la necesidad del empleo militar del espacio y del Poder Espacial como elementos fundamentales de la acción militar en el actual y venidero contexto estratégico mundial. Así, concluye que el Poder Espacial, su consecución y mantenimiento, constituye uno de los factores clave para la seguridad y defensa, no sólo de los intereses militares, sino también de los políticos y económicos de cualquier nación, y en particular de España.
      A nivel general, constata el hecho de que el espacio ha perdido en los últimos años su carácter exclusivamente militar, sin dejar por ello de ser un factor esencial para la seguridad y para la defensa de los intereses de cualquier país.
      En cuanto a la situación en Europa, se analiza en particular el área espacial de los países de la Unión, en la que se detecta la conveniencia de concretar y definir las necesidades para el futuro.
      Para finalizar, y en lo que se refiere a la situación de España, considera la necesidad de consolidar el poder aeroespacial dentro del entorno de cooperación en Europa.

    18. Semi Vyomboni na Silika ya Ujasiriamali

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Examples include: WHO (World Health Organization), NEPA (National Electric Power Authority), YES (Youth Empowerment Scheme), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency ... Love the card, tanks. 24. Tanks, I love the card. In 21 - 24, there are deletions of the subjects in the text messages of the discussants. From the data, the ...

    19. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Arzu ÜNAL

      2011-07-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, klorlu fenolik bileşiklerden 2,4,6-triklorofenolün Trametes versicolor olarak bilinen beyaz çürükçül fungusun ürettiği lakkaz enzimi ile muamele edilerek detoksifikasyonu araştırılmıştır. Serbest ve immobilize enzim kullanılarak yapılan enzimatik deklorinasyon deneyleri laboratuar ölçeğinde bir reaktörde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Biyoreaktöre monte edilmiş klor iyon ve çözünmüş oksijen elektrodları, sürekli olarak reaksiyon ortamında klor ve çözünmüş oksijen değişimlerini belirlemek amacıyla kullanılmıştır. Serbest ve immobilize formda lakkazın en yüksek deklorinasyon aktivitesi; substrat konsantrasyonu 160 mM, pH 5.0, reaksiyon süresi 30 dakika ve sıcaklık olarak da 25 °C’de bulunmuştur. Ayrıca klor uzaklaştırılmasının gösterildiği enzimatik yıkım ürünlerinin GC/MS analizi, belirlenen optimum şartlarda lakkazla 2,4,6-triklorofenolün parçalandığı sonucunu vermiştir

    20. Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sevil PİLATİN

      2011-07-01

      Full Text Available Çağımızda endüstri ürünlerinin üretimi ve tüketimi hızla artmıştır. Bunun yanında oluşan endüstriyel atıkların birikimi ve bunların doğa üzerine olan etkileri ciddi problemlere yol açmaktadır. Tekstil atık suları içerdikleri çok değişik kimyasallardan ve özellikle de boyar maddelerden dolayı arıtılması zor olan endüstriyel atık sulardan birisidir. Renk atıksu içerisindeki en önemli kirleticidir ve bu ortamlara ulaşmadan önce mutlaksuretle renginin giderilmesi gerekir. Atık sudan rengin giderimi çözünmüş organik maddelerin gideriminden daha fazla önemlidir. Çünkü suda çok az miktarda bile boya bulunması rengi arttırır ve nehirlerin, göllerin ve diğer su kaynaklarının ışık geçirgenliğini ve gazların çözünürlüğünü etkiler. Beyaz çürükçül funguslar boyarmaddelerin yıkımı ve renginin giderimi çalışmalarında biyolojik sistem olarak kullanılmaktadır. boya konsantrasyonu ve sıcaklık gibi faktörlerin önemli olduğu belirlenmiştir. Maksimum renk giderimi; pH 4.5 , inokulum miktarı 50 ml, çalkalama hızı 200 rpm, boya konsantrasyonu 50 mg/l ve sıcaklık 30 °C’bulunmuştur

    1. Twarab ya Shingazidja: a first approach

      OpenAIRE

      Gräbner, Werner

      2012-01-01

      Historically the culture of the Comoro Islands shows a strong relationship to the Swahili culture of the East African coast. Archeology, written and oral history have impressively documented these bonds dating back not less than a thousand years. The appearance of so called twarab in the first decades of the 20th Century once more demonstrated the closeness of this cultural imaginary that links the Comoros to the Swahili world, and beyond to include the predominantly Islamic cultures of the W...

    2. Semi Vyomboni na Silika ya Ujasiriamali

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      %). Trialability of daily and .... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) estimates existence of about 5 billion subscribers globally, with 70% of these found in low and middle-income countries (WHO, 2011). Over time, the growth rate of ...

    3. Semi Vyomboni na Silika ya Ujasiriamali

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      finis réguliers et irréguliers à travers le temps, aspect et mode (TAM) où nous nous intéresserons aux alternations et aux thèmes ... La définition qu'en donne Parisse (2010) semble bien convenir à notre étude. .... Parler de son état physique.

    4. Semi Vyomboni na Silika ya Ujasiriamali

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      The hardworking members of the group found it difficult to confront these free riders about their attitude. The free riders did not engage in deep learning, whilst the other group members felt taken advantage of. Kates (2002) recommended that educators could mitigate these problems of group work by educating the students ...

    5. pyam: Python Implementation of YaM

      Science.gov (United States)

      Myint, Steven; Jain, Abhinandan

      2012-01-01

      pyam is a software development framework with tools for facilitating the rapid development of software in a concurrent software development environment. pyam provides solutions for development challenges associated with software reuse, managing multiple software configurations, developing software product lines, and multiple platform development and build management. pyam uses release-early, release-often development cycles to allow developers to integrate their changes incrementally into the system on a continual basis. It facilitates the creation and merging of branches to support the isolated development of immature software to avoid impacting the stability of the development effort. It uses modules and packages to organize and share software across multiple software products, and uses the concepts of link and work modules to reduce sandbox setup times even when the code-base is large. One sidebenefit is the enforcement of a strong module-level encapsulation of a module s functionality and interface. This increases design transparency, system stability, and software reuse. pyam is written in Python and is organized as a set of utilities on top of the open source SVN software version control package. All development software is organized into a collection of modules. pyam packages are defined as sub-collections of the available modules. Developers can set up private sandboxes for module/package development. All module/package development takes place on private SVN branches. High-level pyam commands support the setup, update, and release of modules and packages. Released and pre-built versions of modules are available to developers. Developers can tailor the source/link module mix for their sandboxes so that new sandboxes (even large ones) can be built up easily and quickly by pointing to pre-existing module releases. All inter-module interfaces are publicly exported via links. A minimal, but uniform, convention is used for building modules.

    6. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ayşe Gürsoy

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. günlerde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal nitelikleri yönünden analiz edilmiştir. Isıl işlem uygulamasıyla yardımcı kültür haline getirilen L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kullanımı az yağlı beyaz peynir örneklerinin genel bileşimini etkilememiş olgunlaşmanın hızlandırılmasında da fazla etkili olmamıştır.

    7. Kıbrıs’ta Yetiştirilen Bazı Turunçgil Meyvelerinin Kabuk Yağları Üzerinde Araştırmalar

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ayten Doğan

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Araştırmamızda, Kıbrıs’ta yetiştirilen Valensiya ve Yafa portakal çeşitleriyle, Kıbrıs limonu ve Marsh Seedless altıntop’unun kabuk uçucu yağları incelenmiştir. Yapılan analizler de saptanan fiziksel ve kimyasal özelliklerle gaz kromatografik sonuçlar Valensiya, Yafa portakalı, Kıbrıs limonu ve Marsh Seedless altıntopu sırasıyla şöyledir. Yoğunluk (d20o: 0.8413, 0.8411, 0.8478, 0.8565, kırılma indisi (nD20o: 1.4731, 1.4730, 1.4750, 1.4790, çevirme derecesi (µD20o: +99.2, +98.2, +76.1, +91.8, asit sayısı: 1.64, 1.86, 1.36, 1.68, alkolde çözünürlük (%90: 8.1, 7.7, 6.6, 8.3, sabunlaşma sayısı: 3.36, 7.48, 5.76, 13.28, ester sayısı: 1.72, 5.59, 4.40, 11.60, ester miktarı (%: 0.70, 2.64, 2.28, 4.24, serbest alkol miktarı (%: 1.53, 2.41, 4.18, 5.40, aldehit miktarı (%: 3.66, 5.44, 3.31, 2.54, buharlaşma artığı (%: 2.79, 0.04, 4.52, 10.32 olarak saptanmıştır. Gaz kromatografik analiz sonucunda 16 bileşen saf standartlar yardımıyla teşhis edilmiş olup, terpenlerin % de miktarı portakallarda %98.78-98.89, limonlarda %96.72-97.56, altıntoplarda ise %98.31-98.65 arasında bulunmuştur. Dolayısıyla görülmektedir ki oksijenli bileşiklerin miktarı portakallarda %1.11-1.22, limonlarda %2.44-3.28, altıntoplarda da %1.35-1.69 arasında değişmektedir. Turunçgillerin aromasında asıl önemli olan bileşikler bu çok az miktarda olan oksijenli bileşiklerdir. Aynı zamanda bu bileşikler uçucu yağın kalitesini de ortaya koymaktadır.

    8. 2;0-4;0 Yaş Aralığındaki Çocuklar Tarafından Üretilen Rica Sözceleri Üzerine Bir Analiz Çalışması

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      N. Tayyibe Eken

      2014-10-01

      Full Text Available Çocukların iletişim amaçlı ilk üretimleri, gereksinimlerini aktardıkları ricalardır. Ricaların iletişimsel rollerden etkilenerek farklı biçimlerde üretilebildiği görülmektedir. Bu araştırmada; çocukların farklı etkileşimlerdeki rollerinin, rica sözcelerine yansıması konu edilmiştir. Çalışmanın amacı 2;0-4;0 yaş aralığındaki çocukların farklı bağlamlarda, ne tür rica sözceleri ürettiklerine ilişkin saptamalar yapılmasıdır. Katılımcı gözlem ve içerik çözümlemesi yöntemlerinin kullanıldığı çalışmanın örneklem grubu küme örnekleme tekniğiyle oluşturulmuştur. Edinim çalışmalarında 6 aylık dönemlerin önem taşıdığı sayıltısından hareketle her altı aylık dönem için 8’er çocuk seçilmiştir. Yapılandırılmamış alan çalışması niteliğinde toplanan doğal konuşma verisinin çözümlenmesinde kategori ve frekans analizleri kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın kuramsal temelini oluşturan Dore (1978 ricaları; bilgi, eylem ve izin/onay isteme biçiminde üç alt kategoriye ayırmıştır. Çalışmanın temel bulgularına göre ricaların kullanım hiyerarşisi; eylem isteme>izin/onay isteme>bilgi isteme biçimindedir. Ricaların genellikle emir, bildirim ve soru biçimlerinde aktarıldığı; eylem istemede emir biçiminin, bilgi istemede ne/kim sorularının, izin/onay istemede ise evet/hayır sorularının kullanıldığı, dinleyici-konuşucu rollerinin ve yaşın rica üretimi açısından değişken değeri taşıdığı gözlenmiştir.

    9. Hirfanlı Baraj Gölü (Kırşehir, Türkiye'nde yaşayan kadife balığı (Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758'nın beslenme özellikleri.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Özlem Ablak Gürbüz

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Hirfanlı Baraj Gölü’nden avlanan ve 0-VI yaş grupları arasında dağılım gösteren 249 adet Kadife balığı (Tinca tinca’nın beslenme biyolojisi incelenmiştir. Tinca tinca’nın besin tercihinin tespit edilebilmesi için Geometrik Önem İndeksi (GII metodu kullanılmıştır. Ayrıca balığın besin tercihindeki aylık, mevsimlik ve yıllık değişim de incelenmiştir. Balıkların sindirim kanalında zooplanktonik (Copepoda, Rotifera, Cladocera, Ostracoda, Ephippium ve bentik (Chironomus, Oligochaeta, Gastropoda, Corethra, Gammarus organizmalar ile bunlara ait ekstremite parçaları, fitoplanktonik organizmalar (Bacillariophyta, Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Pyrrophyta, Euglenophyta, çamur, detritus ve balık yumurtası tespit edilmiştir. Bu çalışmada alglerin en çok tercih edilen besin tipi olduğu, bunu zooplanktonik ve bentik organizmaların takip ettiği belirlenmiştir. Tinca tinca’nın sindirim kanalında 44’ü bitkisel 16’sı hayvansal olmak üzere toplam 60 besin çeşidi saptanmıştır. Beslenmenin en fazla olduğu mevsimler sırasıyla yaz, sonbahar, kış ve ilkbahar olarak saptanmıştır. Sindirim kanalı dolu birey sayısı yaz ve sonbahar aylarında daha fazla bulunmuştur

    10. Türkiye Türkçesi Ağızlarında Özellikleri Bakımından Yağış Türlerine Verilen Adlar The Names That Given to Kinds of Precipitation in Turkey Turkish Dialects for Their Charateristics

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Selim EMİROĞLU

      2012-09-01

      rkçeye geçmemiş pek çok sözcük halkın dilinde yaşamakta ve kullanılmaktadır. Ağızlarda renk, yemek, organ, akrabalık, hastalık, hayvan, ölçü birimleri, giysi vb. adlar bakımından yüzlerce sözcük bulunmaktadır. Bunlar içerisinde yağış adları da önemli bir yer tutar. Bu çalışmada Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarında yer alan yağış adları, çeşitli özellikleri göz önünde bulundurularak sınıflandırılmıştır. Yağış türlerinden yağmur ve kar yağışı için kullanılan isimler, bu yağışların sürekliliği, miktarı, hızı; tane veya damlaların büyüklüğü-küçüklüğü; yağışın düştüğü zaman (mevsim, ay, gün, saat vb.; yağışın yönü, diğer tabiat olaylarıyla ( rüzgâr, güneş, sis vb. eş zamanlı meydana gelmesi gibi özellikler dikkate alınarak verilmiştir. Tespit edilen ve sınıflandırılan yağış adları üzerinden çeşitli yorum ve değerlendirmelere ulaşılmıştır. Araştırma, Türklerin, görünüşte aynı sanılan yağış türlerini, bu türlerin çeşitli özelliklerine bakarak farklı adlandırmalarla ustalıklı bir biçimde birbirinden ayırdıklarını göstermektedir. Çalışmanın verileri Derleme Sözlüğü taranarak elde edilmiştir. Ancak Standart Türkçedeki kullanımları da tespit etmek için Büyük Türkçe Sözlük (TDK-BTS taranmıştır. Çalışmanın sonunda, ek olarak, tespit edilen ve özellikleri bakımından sınıflandırılan sözcüklerin anlamlarını içeren bir sözlük bulunmaktadır. Elde edilen veriler, Türkçenin yağış türlerini adlandırmak bakımından söz varlığının zenginliğini ortaya koymaktadır. Ağızlarda geçen yağış adları ile ilgili bu sözcüklerin birçoğunun Standart Türkçeye kazandırılması gerekir.

    11. Gömülü 20 yaş dişi cerrahisinde kemik dokusuna yapılan müdahalelerde kullanılan Er:YAG lazer, piezocerrahi ve konvansiyonel frez yöntemlerinin birbirleriyle klinik olarak karşılaştırılmalı incelenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      ÇELEBİOĞLU, Bedriye Gizem

      2011-01-01

      Gömülü 20 yaş dişi çekimleri oral ve maksillofasiyal cerrahide en sık yapılan uygulamalardır. Cerrahi işlemlerin tamamında amaç doku hasarını minimalize ederek az komplikasyon yaratmak ve postoperatif iyleşme periodunda hastalara daha az ağrı ve daha fazla rahatlık sağlamaktır.Çalışmamız Pell-Gregory Sınıflaması'na göre klas 2, pozisyon B vertikal pozisyonda bilateral alt gömülü yirmi yaş dişi bulunan 30 hasta üzerinde gerçekleştirmiştir. Hastalar rastgele 2 gruba ayrıldı...

    12. Place of the Journal of Turkish Librarianship in Publishing World Türk Kütüphaneciliği Dergisinin Yayın Yaşamındaki Yeri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Doğan Atılgan

      2002-09-01

      Full Text Available One of the most important activities of professional associations is to contribute in life long learning facilities of their members through publications. Turkish Librarians' Association has started such contribution since three years after its foundation. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship (JTL with its professional and scholarly contents has been the most significant information source for the Turkish librarians during the last 50 years. JTL became an international and a peer-reviewed journal without changing its publication frequency which was determined at the beginning. This particular study showed that there is a correlation between the covered subjects and development stages of Turkish librarianship. This paper examines JTL's evolving phases and its development, and the subject titles covered by JTL from the beginning to present. Mesleki sivil toplum örgütlerinin görevlerinden biri de üyelerinin yaşam boyu eğitimlerini sürdürmeleri için yayınlar yapmaktır, Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği bu işlevini kuruluşundan üç yıl sonra gerçekleştirmiştir. Başlangıcından günümüze elli yıllık süre içinde kendini sürekli yenileyen ve geliştiren Türk Kütüphaneciliği bilimsel ve akademik yapısı ile meslektaşlarının en önemli bilgi kaynağı olmuştur. Dergi, başlangıcında belirlediği periyod da yayımını sürdürürken uluslararası bilimsel dergiler arasında yer almış ve hakemli duruma getirilmiştir. İçerdiği konular açısından da ülkemiz kütüphaneciliğindeki gelişmelerin bir yansıması gözlenmiştir. Bu yazıda, Türk Kütüphaneciliği dergisinin başlangıcından günümüze geçirdiği aşama ve gelişmeler ile ağırlıklı olarak yer alan konular ele alınmıştır.

    13. ABD’deki Kadın Okul Bölgesi Müdürlerinin Yaşadığı Cinsiyet Ayrımcılığına Dayalı Sorunlar, Üstesinden Gelme Yolları ve Öneriler

      OpenAIRE

      Babaoğlan, Emine

      2017-01-01

      Araştırmanın amacı, ABD’deki okul bölgesi müdürlerinin cinsiyet ayrımcılığına dayalı yaşadıkları sorunları, nedenlerini, üstesinden gelme yollarını ve önerilerini belirlemektir. Araştırma 15 kadın okul bölgesi müdürünün görüşlerine dayanan nitel araştırmadır. Verilerin analizinde içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada, kadın müdürlerin çoğunluğunun cinsiyet ayrımcılığı yaşadığı belirlenmiştir. Yaşanan sorunlar erkeklerin müdür olarak tercih edilirken kadınların edilmemesi; kadınların yöne...

    14. Color landscape plan of the concrete Consideration on the harmony of concrete and landscape; Konkurito no shikisai keikan keikaku. Keikan to konkurito no chowa wo kangaeru

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Akiyama, Hiroshi [Landscape Planning and Design with Concrete and Color, Tokyo (Japan)

      1999-03-10

      In Ministry of Construction, they positively promote the natural river make, and they have announced the basic design with the aim of river which does not use the concrete and river in which the concrete is not seen. It is the design control in using the concrete to be necessary for this. They introduced color landscape plan of the pile block of the concrete as a case in aiming at the harmony of concrete and landscape of being more concrete. They introduced concrete product which could express the local color characteristics of colors of the concrete which it does not suit for the landscape, usage of the concrete, concrete of the warm color, colors of concrete product of France, examples of the Disneyland, colors concrete lied, landscapes and cost, etc. (NEDO)

    15. Isotope age of the rare metal pegmatite formation in the Kolmozero-Voron'ya greenstone belt (Kola region of the Fennoscandian shield): U-Pb (TIMS) microlite and tourmaline dating

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kudryashov, Nikolay; Lyalina, Ludmila; Mokrushin, Artem; Zozulya, Dmitry; Groshev, Nikolay; Steshenko, Ekaterina; Kunakkuzin, Evgeniy

      2016-04-01

      The Kolmozero-Voron'ya greenstone belt is located in the central suture zone, which separates the Murmansk block from the Central-Kola and the Keivy blocks. The belt is represented by volcano-sedimentary rocks of Archaean age of 2.9-2.5 Ga. Rare metal pegmatites (Li, Cs with accessory Nb, Ta, and Be) occur among amphibolite and gabbroid intrusions in the northwestern and southeastern parts of the belt. According to the Rb-Sr data, the age of pegmatites was considered to be 2.7 Ga. Until recently there was no generally accepted point of view on the origin of pegmatites. Now we have isotopic data for a range of rock complexes that could pretend to be parental granites for the rare metal pegmatites. These are granodiorites with the zircon age of 2733±Ma, and microcline and tourmaline granites, which Pb-Pb isochronal age on tourmaline from the tourmaline granite located near the deposit is estimated to be 2520±70 Ma. The pegmatite field of the Vasin Myl'k deposit with the lepidolite--albite--microcline--spodumene--pollucite association is located among amphibolites in the northwestern part of the belt. The deposit is represented by subparallel low-angle zoned veins up to 220 m long and 5 m thick dipping in the southeastern direction at an angle of 10° too 30°. The minerals of the columbite--tonalite group from Vasin Myl'k deposit include microlite, simpsonite, and torolite, and are the oldest among different minerals represented by several generations in pegmatites under consideration. Zircons from the pegmatites are mostly represented by crystals with the structure affected by the action of fluids that put certain restrictions on its use as a geochronometer of the crystallization process. Microlite from the pegmatite taken from the dump of a prospecting drill hole was used for U--Pb (TIMS). The mineral is represented by 0.5--1.0 mm long euhedral octahedral crystals. It is brown in color, and transparent. The microlite crystals were preliminarily cleaned from

    16. 12 haftalık pilates mat egzersizinin 14-15 yaş voleybol kız öğrencilerinin bazı biyomotor özellikler ve teknik performans üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      İlmigül Canan DEMİR

      2018-03-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, pilates mat egzersizlerinin genç voleybolcularda kuvvet, dayanıklılık, sürat, patlayıcı kuvvet, süratte devamlılık, denge ve esneklik özellikleri ile teknik performansları üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmaya 14-15 yaşlarında 30 bayan voleybolcu gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Rastgele seçimle sporculardan 15’i deney grubu 15’i kontrol grubunu oluşturmuşlardır. Deney grubu ve kontrol grubunun voleybol antrenman günleri, antrenman içerikleri ve saatleri aynı olmuştur, deney grubu ek olarak 12 hafta süreyle haftada iki saat pilates egzersizleri yapmışlardır. Sporcular egzersizlere başlamadan önce ön testler alınmış olup, on iki hafta sonunda son testler alınmıştır. Her iki test esnasında toplanan verilerin tanımlayıcı istatistikleri hesaplandıktan sonra, homojen veriler için T-test (paired, homojen olmayan veriler için Wilcoxon testi kullanılmıştır. Tüm istatistiklerdeki p anlamlılık değeri p≤0.05 olarak alınmıştır. Kontrol gurubunda yer alan sporcuların kol hareket sürati, line drill, el kavrama kuvveti, sağlık topu atma ve mekik koşusu testlerinde istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde anlamlı fark gözlenirken, denge testi, otur eriş, omuz esneklik, durarak uzun atlama, dikey sıçrama aktif, dikey sıçrama pasif, bükülü kol asılma, 30 s mekik testlerinde anlamlı bir fark gözlenmemiştir. Deney gurubunda yer alan sporcuların biyomotor özelliklerinin ve teknik performanslarının tüm ön test son test değerleri arasında istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde anlamlı farklılıklar oluştuğu gözlenmiştir. Deney ve kontrol guruplarında farklılık gözlenen parametrelerdeki gelişme yüzdeleri karşılaştırıldığında deney gurubunda daha yüksek oranda gelişme olduğu belirlenmiştir. Teknik performans değerlerine bakıldığında deney ve kontrol gurubu verilerinin hepsinde istatistiksel olarak pozitif y

    17. Reflections from the Journal of Turkish Librarianship, Living Its Golden Year Altın Yılını Yaşayan Türk Kütüphaneciliği Dergisinden Yansımalar

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Oya Gürdal

      2002-09-01

      Full Text Available The most specific characteristic of publishing is no doubt, creativity. Escarpit, describes publisher as a "midwife". Actually there happens a labor. For this reason it is painfull and has risks as evey labor. Thus, the journal of Turkish Librarianship which is the publish of Turkish Library Association, performs this unique phenomenon, the " labor fact" since 50 years for its readers. It shares the hapiness of labor both with its authors and readers. The paper, calls collegues and readers of the journal, to think about the requirement of how to enrich it by context. For instance supporting it with articles refering to intellectual efforts and theoretical paradigmas, and also about the ways how to increase its usage. At the same time the paper concerns data about "citation analysis" based on last decade of the journal of Turkish Librarianship refering its usage. Yayıncılığın en belirgin karakteristiği, kuşkusuz, yaratıcılıktır. Escarpit, yayıncıya "ebe" sıfatını yakıştırmaktadır. Gerçekten de ortada bir doğum olayı söz konusudur; bu sebeple her doğum gibi sancılı ve risklerle doludur. İşte Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği'nin yayını olan Türk Kütüphaneciliği dergisi, 50 yıldır bu biricik olguyu "doğum olayını" okurları için gerçekleştiriyor, yazar ve okurlarıyla doğum sonrası mutluluğu paylaşıyor. Yazı, meslektaşları ve dergi okurlarını, dergi kullanılırlığının artırılması ve dergi içeriğinin, entelektüel çaba ve kuramsal paradigmalara yönelik makalelerle zenginleştirilmesi gereği üzerinde düşünmeye çağırıyor. Makale aynı zamanda, Türk Kütüphaneciliği ve eski adıyla Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği Bülteni'nin kullanılırlığına yönelik, Türk Kütüphaneciliği dergisinin son 10 yılı baz alınarak gerçekleştirilen "atıf analizi" verilerini içermektedir.

    18. Fiscal 1997 report on the introductory study. Human behavior recognition evaluation technology; 1997 nendo sentan kenkyu hokokusho. Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      Importance of the human behavior technology was paid attention to to get true safety and comfortableness of life through adaptability of products/systems to all humans. In consideration of the social and technological background, the human behavior recognition evaluation technology avoids economic/social losses caused by accidents and troubles and also provides the safe life environment for living people including the aged. Further, the gist of the project was proposed to make it clear that it can give a course of making things from a viewpoint of development of products dealing with individuals (personal fit) and can give new added values and contribute to heightening of international competitiveness at the same time. Development is made of technology of dividing concrete behavior patterns into types and also accumulating them in usable forms at the time of product design and in emergency and of technology of measuring all the time information on human behaviors in daily life without restrictions and on site. Supporting technology is developed for making the most of behavior information of users for product design and in emergency. Effects of the spread are also estimated. 76 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

    19. Farklı Su Sıcaklıklarında Tutulan Pullu Sazan (Cyprinus carpio’da Çörek Otu (Nigella sativa Yağının Oksidatif Stres ve Bazı Antioksidan Parametrelere Etkisi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Serpil Mişe Yonar

      2017-09-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada; farklı su sıcaklıkları uygulanmış pullu sazan (Cyprinus carpio’da malaondialdehit (MDA ve glutatyon (GSH düzeyi ile glutatyon-S-transferaz (GST enzim aktivitesine çörek otu yağının etkisi araştırılmıştır. 20, 24 ve 28°C’ de tutulan balıklara çörek otu yağı (10 mg/kg yem uygulanmıştır. Kontrol grubu olarak 24°C’de tutulan balıklar seçilmiştir. Uygulama 10 gün devam etmiş ve bu sürenin sonunda balıklardan karaciğer ve böbrek örnekleri alınmıştır. Çalışma sonucuna göre 20°C ve 28°C’deki balıkların MDA düzeyinin önemli oranda arttığı, GSH düzeyi ile GST aktivitesinin düştüğü tespit edilmiştir. Bu gruplarda çörek otu yağı uygulamasıyla MDA düzeyinin istatistiksel olarak önemli düzeyde düştüğü, GSH düzeyi ile GST aktivitesinin önemli oranda yükseldiği belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, balıklarda sıcaklık farklılıklarından kaynaklanan strese karşı çörek otu yağı antioksidan olarak kullanılabilir.

    20. ¡Ya no estás en la casa! Tecnologías de la escolarización - You are already in the house! Technologies of schooling

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Alberto Martínez Boom, Colômbia

      2012-08-01

      Full Text Available JÁ NÃO ESTÁS EM CASA! TECNOLOGIAS DE ESCOLARIZAÇÃOResumoO fenômeno da escolarização pode ser analisado por diferentes abordagens. Alguns o estudam como um fato, outros o observam como uma decisão política, outros ainda estão interessados em sua função social como um fator de inclusão. Este trabalho não trabalha com esses registros. Procura se deter mais na descrição de certos detalhes dos começos; por isso o uso de fontes primárias e documentos de época, para mostrar o processo que conecta o surgimento da escola pública com a expansão da escolarização como dispositivo governamental, ou seja, uma prática que passa por descrever minúcias do espaço e do tempo de escola, a geometrização do corpo infantil,  a ênfase na sua  quietude e obediência como caminhos de escolarização que podem ser entendidos e associado a uma ortopedia moral.Palavras-chave: escolarização, ortopedia moral, planos de escola, geometrização do corpo. YOU ARE ALREADY IN THE HOUSE! TECHNOLOGIES OF SCHOOLINGAbstractThe phenomenon of schooling can be analyzed from diverse approaches, some of them study it like a datum, some see it like a political decision, some others are interested in its social function as an inclusion factor; this work does not include those perspectives. It is better focus on the description of certain details of the beginning, for that reason the use of primary sources and documents of the epoch, to show the process that links the emergence of the public school with the wideness of the schooling like governmental mechanism, which means, a practice that describes the trifles of the school space and time, the geometrization of the infant body, the insistence on his quietness, stillness and obedience like principles of a schooling that can be understood and associated to a moral orthopaedics.Keywords: schooling, moral orthopaedics, school plans, body geometrization. ¡YA NO ESTÁS EN LA CASA! TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA

    1. Farklı hasat dönemlerinde ve günün belli saatlerinde toplanan zeytin çeşitlerinden elde edilen yağların Uçucu aroma bileşenleri değişiminin araştırılması

      OpenAIRE

      KARA, Hasan Hüseyin

      2011-01-01

             Bu çalışmada ayvalık, memecik ve gemlik zeytin çeşitleri, 2008 ve 2009 yıllarında, 3 farklı olgunluk düzeyinde (yeşil, renk dönümü ve siyah dönem) ve günün 3 ayrı zamanında (sabah, öğlen, akşam) aynı lokasyondan elle toplanmıştır. Zeytinlerin tümü aynı koşullarda laboratuvar tipi santrifüj sistemle yağa işlenmiştir. Elde edilen bu yağlar üzerinde çalışmalar yapılmıştır.

      Çalışmada yapılan analizler, zeytiny...

    2. Balıkesir Merkez 7 Nolu Sağlık Ocağı Bölgesinde 0-6 Yaş Çocuk Sahibi Annelerin Beslenme Konusundaki Bilgi ve Davranışları

      OpenAIRE

      Tüfekçi, Fazilet; Karadağ, Nuriye; Başkurt, Selma; Kişioğlu, Ahmet Nesimi

      2009-01-01

      SüleymanDemirel Üniversitesi TIP FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ: 1999 Aralık; 6(4) Balıkesir Merkez 7 Nolu Sağlık Ocağı Bölgesinde 0-6 Yaş Çocuk Sahibi Annelerin Beslenme Konusundaki Bilgi ve DavranışlarıFazilet Tüfekçi, Nuriye Karadağ, Selma Başkurt, Ahmet Nesimi Kişioğlu ÖzetBeslenme; büyüme, yaşamın sürdürülmesi ve sağlığın korunması için besinlerin kullanılmasıdır.Bu araştırma Balıkesir İl Merkezi 7 No'lu Sağlık Ocağı Bölgesinde Ocak-Mayıs 1997 tarihleri arasında 270 anne ile yüzyüze görüşüler...

    3. İlköğretim öğrencilerinin saldırgan davranışları ile yaş, cinsiyet, başarı durumu ve öfke arasındaki ilişkiler / Aggressive behaviors in elementary students and their relationship to age, gender, academic success and anger

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Seda DONAT BACIOĞLU

      2012-12-01

      Full Text Available ÖZETBu çalışmada, ilköğretim öğrencilerinin saldırgan davranışları ile yaş, cinsiyet, algılanan akademik başarı ve öfke arasındaki ilişkiler incelenmiştir. Çalışma, 2008–2009 eğitim-öğretim yılında Edirne merkez ilçesindeki beş resmi ilköğretim okulunda öğrenim gören, 9–14 yaşları arasındaki 520 (% 49.8’i kız, % 50.2’si erkek öğrencinin katılımı ile gerçekleşmiştir. Çalışmada, öğrencilerin öfke ve saldırganlık düzeyleri ile ilgili veri toplamak için Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Saldırganlık Ölçeği ve Sürekli Öfke-Öfke Tarz Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin analizinde, Pearson momentler çarpımı korelasyon katsayısı ve hiyerarşik çoklu regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Sonuçlar, ilköğretim öğrencilerinin saldırgan davranışları ile yaş, cinsiyet, algılanan başarı durumu ve öfke arasında anlamlı ve pozitif ilişkiler bulunmuştur. Öfkenin, öğrencilerin saldırgan davranışlarını anlamlı düzeyde yordadığı bulunmuştur. Çalışmanın sonucunda elde edilen bulgulara dayalı olarak saldırganlığın önlenmesi ile ilgili çalışmalara yardımcı olabilecek bazı önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

    4. Tıbbi Adaçayı (Salvia officinalis L.’nda Farklı Hasat Zamanlarının Uçucu Yağ ve Fenolik Bileşikler ile Antioksidan Aktivite Üzerine Etkisi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Müge BAŞYİĞİT

      2016-11-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırma, bir yıl süreyle 12 ayı temsil edecek şekilde farklı zamanlarda hasat edilen tıbbi adaçayı (Salvia officinalis L.’nın herba ve yaprak verimi, yaprakların taşıdığı uçucu yağ oranı ve kompozisyonu, ekstrede  Folin-Ciocalteu kolorimetrik metodu kullanılarak toplam fenolik madde miktarı, fenolik bileşikleri, serbest radikal süpürücü aktivitesi (DPPH ve demir iyonu indirgeme gücü (FRAP yöntemlerine göre antioksidan aktivitelerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Tıbbi adaçayında taze herba verimi 500.0-961.0 kg/da, kuru herba verimi 223.4-556.6 kg/da, kuru yaprak verimi 129.6-367.2 kg/da, uçucu yağ oranı %0.83-3.33, toplam fenolik madde miktarı 14.54-30.83 mg/g arasında değişim göstermiştir. Yaz ve güz aylarında hasat edilen bitkilerin herba ve yaprak verimleri, uçucu yağ oranları ve verimleri ile toplam fenolik madde miktarları kış ve bahar aylarında hasat edilen bitkilere göre daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Tıbbi adaçayının uçucu yağ kompozisyonunu oluşturan en önemli bileşenlerin 1,8-sineol (%11.93-31.87, α-tuyon (%15.72-26.26, β-tuyon (%4.51-27.67 ve kamfor (%3.65-23.02 olduğu, 1,8-sineol ve kamfor oranları ilkbahar aylarında daha düşük oranlarda, α- ve β-tuyon oranları ise ilkbahar aylarında daha yüksek oranlarda bulunduğu tespit edilmiştir. Tıbbi adaçayının en önemli fenolik bileşenlerinin ise rosmarinik asit (15.15-100.57 mg/g, naringin (9.59-41.81 mg/g, hesperidin (9.80-53.26 mg/g ve rutin (0.73-10.04 mg/g olduğu, en yüksek antioksidan aktivite Mayıs ve Haziran aylarında biçilen ve en düşük antioksidan aktivite ise Mart ve Nisan aylarında biçilen tıbbi adaçayı yapraklarında gözlenmiştir.

    5. Health-promoting lifestyles and related factors among pregnant women/Gebelerde sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ve ilişkili faktörler

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Güliz Onat

      2014-08-01

      Full Text Available AbstractObjective: A health-promoting lifestyle has an especially important role during pregnancy due to its direct link to healthy births, and to low maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity rates. The objectives of our study are to determine and analyse the health-promoting lifestyles and related factors in pregnant women. Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 255 pregnant women in the city of Usak in Turkey, using the Health-Promoting-Lifestyle-Profile-II-(HPLP. Frequencies, percentage distributions, t tests, and the Mann Whitney U test and ANOVA were used to analyze the results. Results: The mean age of the pregnant women was 26.7±5.1 and their mean gestational week was 25.2±10.9. The mean total score on the HPLP was 130.7±20.0. The lowest score was for “physical activity” (14.4±5.0. The highest score was for “psychological wellbeing” (26.18±4.2. Smoking prevalence among the study population was 17% before the pregnancy,  and 3.9% during the pregnancy (with an average of 4 cigarettes/day. During the pregnancy diet habits improved. The rate of giving up smoking was high. Women also sought further knowledge about pregnancy and birth. Conclusions: In pregnant women the HPLP score was upper to intermediate in level. Of the women who participated in the survey, those that were unemployed, had a lower level of education, and those who had considered abortion were found to be at a higher risk of not having a health promoting life style. This finding provides a unique insight in identifying the risk group for health care providers who work at an antenatal clinic. Health caregivers should pay more attention to this risk group when evaluating healthy lifestyles during whole pregnancy. Key Words: Health-Promoting Lifestyles; pregnant women; Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-IIÖzetAmaç: Sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları; sağlıklı ve canlı bir doğum yapma, anne-yenidoğan mortalite ve morbidite oranını azaltma

    6. Bigadiç’te 45–74 yaş bireylerde diyabet prevalansı ve farkındalık durumunun belirleyicileri/Determinants of prevelance and awareness of diabetes in a population aged 45–74 in Bigadic

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kevser Tarı Selçuk

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available Özet Amaç: Bu kesitsel araştırmada Bigadiç ilçe merkezinde yaşayan 45–74 yaş bireylerde diyabet prevalansı ve farkındalık durumunun saptanması, diyabet prevalansı ve farkındalık durumunu etkileyen etmenlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Yöntem: Araştırma grubu 45–74 yaş 4.425 kişiden küme örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilen 509 kişiden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmanın bağımlı değişkenleri diyabet varlığı ve diyabet farkındalık durumudur. Araştırmada diyabet tanısı için random kapiller kan glukoz, Glikozillenmiş Hemoglobin (HbA1c ölçümleri yapılmış, değerlendirmede Amerikan Diyabet Birliği (ADA 2010 yılı tanı kriterleri kullanılmıştır. Çözümlemede tanımlayıcı istatistikler, ki kare, lojistik regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın bütçesi Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri tarafından desteklenmiştir (Proje no: 201194. Bulgular: Araştırma grubunda diyabet prevalansı %21.0, diyabet farkındalık oranı %66.3’tür. Diyabet farkındalık oranı yalnızca yaşla ilişkili bulunmuştur; farkındalık 60 yaş ve üzerindekilerde daha yüksektir (p=0.039. Lojistik regresyon analizinde diyabet prevalansı 60 yaş ve üzerindekilerde [OR=1.86, %95 GA:1.11-3.15], eşlik eden kronik hastalığı olanlarda [OR= 2.65, %95 GA:1.54-4.56], fazla kilolularda [OR=4.56, %95 GA:2.11-9.58] ve obezlerde [OR=2.64, %95 GA:1.51-4.63] istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde yüksektir. Sonuç: Yetişkinlerde diyabetin önlenmesi amacıyla topluma yönelik birincil koruma önlemleri olan obezitenin azaltılması, fiziksel aktivitenin artırılması önlemlerine ağırlık verilmelidir. Diyabetli bireylerde komplikasyonların önlenmesi amacıyla birinci basamak sağlık kuruluşlarında düzenli izlem programları oluşturulmalı, farkındalık düzeyini arttıracak bilgilendirmeler ve fırsatçı taramalar gibi girişimler planlanmalı ve uygulanmalıdır. Anahtar

    7. S-35: Aynı Yaş Kategorisinde Farklı Başarı Seviyesindeki Erkek Futbolcuların Lig Performanslarının Karşılaştırılması

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Raziye Dut

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Futbola erken yaşta başlamak, yeteneğin ortaya çıkarılması ve doğru geliştirilmesi zor ve uzun bir süreçtir. Bu süreçte hem yetenekli hem de iyi yönlendirilmiş olan futbolcular milli takım kamplarına davet edilmekte ve milli futbolcu olmanın ilk adımlarını da atmış olmaktadır.AMAÇ: U-14 yaş kategorisinde milli takım seçilme kampına davet edilmiş erkek futbolcuların diğer ülke genelinde akademi liglerinde futbol oynayan aynı kronolojik yaştaki davet edilmeyen akranlarından lig performans farklılıklarını göstermektir.GEREÇ-YÖNTEM: 2016-2017 sezonunda akademi liglerinde futbol oynayan U-14 2050 erkek futbolcudan milli takıma seçilme kampına davet edilen 213 futbolcunun ligin ilk yarı döneminde davet edilmeyen akranlarından futbola spesifik lig performans farklarını inceledik. Veriler n ve % veya ortanca ve Inter Quartile Rate (IQR olarak özetlendi. Gruplar arası farklılıkların saptanmasında Mann-Whitney U testi kullanıldı.. P<0,05 istatistiksel anlamlı kabul edildi.BULGULAR: Yaş çeyrekleri sırasıyla 122 (%57,3, 49 (523, 30 (%14,1 ve 12(%5,6 idi. 2016-2017 sezonunda şubat ayına kadar oynadıkları maç sayıları 12 (IQR: 5-12, dakika 681 (245-1183,2, sarı kart sayısı 0 (0-1, gol sayıları 0 (0-2 olduğu görüldü. Milli takıma seçilme kampına davet edilen futbolcuların edilmeyenlere göre daha fazla maç ve oyun dakikası oynadığı (p<0,001, daha fazla gol attığı (p<0,001 ve daha az sarı kart aldığı (p<0,001 saptandı. Lig maçlarında milli takıma seçilme kampına davet edilen futbolcuların 5 kişiden biri 1 gol atarken davet edilmeyenlerden 10 kişiden biri 1 gol attığı, davet edilenlerin oynadıkları maçlarda 2,77 maçta bir gol atılırken, davet edilmeyenlerin oynadıkları her 8,78 maçtan birinde bir gol atıldığı görüldü. Kampa davet edilmeyen sporcular oynadıkları her 581,28 dakikada bir gol atılırken, davet edilenlerde 218

    8. Bilişsel - Duyuşsal Odaklı Bir Programın ilköğretim Öğrencilerinin Fiziksel Engelli Yaşıtlarına Yönelik Sosyal Kabul Düzeylerine Etkisinin İncelenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Canan Aktaş

      2002-07-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı bilişsel ve duyuşsal odaklı etkinlikleri içeren bir programın ilköğretim öğrencilerinin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeyleri üzerindeki etkisini incelemektir. Araştırmaya deney ve kontrol gruplarında 20'şer öğrenci olmak üzere toplam 40 öğrenci (6., 7'., ve 8. sınıf katılmıştır. Deney grubunu II kız 9 erkek, kontrol grubunu ise 9 kız, 11 erkek öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Öğrencilerin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeyleri program öncesi ve sonrasında Sosyal Kabul Ölçeği ile değerlendirilmiştir. Deney grubundaki öğrencilere haftada iki gün 90 dakika süreli 7 oturumdan oluşan bir program uygulanmıştır. Programda, öğrencilere fiziksel engelli bireyler hakkında bilgi verme, film gösterme, grup tartışması, görme engelli bir bireyle doğrudan etkileşimde bulunma ve engel durumunu canlandırma etkinliklerine yer verilmiştir. Analiz sonuçları, uygulanan programın deney grubundaki öğrencilerin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeylerini geliştirmede etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen bu bulgu, engelli Öğrencilerin normal okul ortamlarında başarılı bir biçimde kaynaştırılmaları açısından benzer programların gerekliliğine işaret etmektedir. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of an intervention program, incorporated cognitive and affective activities on social acceptance level of physically disabled children by their nonhandicapped peers, at 6"' to Slh grade. A total of 40 students. 20 for experimental (II female and 9 male and 20 for control group (9 female and 11 male participated in the study. The Social Acceptance Scale was administered to both groups before and after the program. The program, applied lo the experimental group, was held two times a week for ninety minutes per day for seven weeks. Provision of information about

    9. Kullanımlar ve Doyumlar Yaklaşımı Çerçevesinde Facebook Uygulamalarının İncelenmesi: Yaşar Üniversitesi Öğrencileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Özlem Alikılıç

      2014-02-01

      Full Text Available   Kullanımlar ve doyumlar kuramı, gençlerin Facebook uygulamalarını kullanma, eğilim ve amaçlarını anlamaya yönelik bir yol ve teorik altyapı sağlamaktadır. Bu çalışma, Yaşar Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin sosyal ağlardaki kullanım ve doyumlar motivasyonlarını incelemektedir. Bununla beraber, Facebook’taki uygulamaların kullanıcı motivasyonlarını araştırırken, bu motivasyonlar ile kullanıcıların etkileşimlerini destekleyici uygulamaların özellikleri arasındaki ilişkiye de ışık tutmaya çalışmaktadır.Ankete katılan öğrencilerin (n= 406 çoğunun Facebook’u eski bağları kurmak / güçlendirmek, ardından temel faydalar doğrultusunda, üçüncü olarak zevkli vakit geçirme motivasyonları ile kullandıkları saptanmıştır. Ayrıca üniversite öğrencilerinin Facebook uygulamaları arasında, eğlence uygulamalarını, daha sonra arkadaş ve aile uygulamalarını, üçüncü olarak da yaşam tarzı uygulamalarını kullandıkları bulunmuştur. Araştırma, gelecekteki çalışmalara ışık tutacak olan öneriler kısmı ile tartışılmıştır.

    10. İkinci Dünya Savaşı Sırasında Yaşanan Gıda Sıkıntısı Ve Ekmek Karnesi Uygulaması Food Shortage And Pass In Bread During The World War II

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sabit DOKUYAN

      2013-07-01

      Full Text Available During the World War II, Turkey has managed to stay out of the war although it was difficult. However, the country has suffered from economic difficulties. Application of war period had difficult situationsfor people and the level of production decreased since young peoplewere enlisted. The people, who lived in poverty in the big cities, couldnot get their own necessities. The people, who did not see the war, sawseverely hunger and poverty. The application of pass in bread wasapplied within the framework of the national conservation law convictedcitizens to be able to live with only bread. The bread distributionapplication, which did not influence the rich people, influenced badlythe poor people. The government tried to protect its officers and soldierson the subject of food supply. Jobbery showed itself at the top level, andthe easy way of making Money often used. The government did notsuccess on the precautions of difficulties. Although the difficultiesdecreased after the end of war was seen, shortage of food supply wenton after the period of war. The people saw Republican People’s Party asa reason of the difficulties and they powered to the party in selections,which were made in 1950. The justification of pass in bread application,which was in effect in 1942 and 1946, modes of administration,vicissitudes which occured in the enforcement process and rationingsystem, are interpreted in this work. İkinci Dünya Savaşı sırasında Türkiye, zor da olsa savaş dışında kalmayı başarmıştır. Fakat ülke, ekonomik anlamda büyük sıkıntılar çekmiştir. Savaş dönemine ait uygulamalar halkı zor duruma sokmuş, genç nüfusun askere alınmasıyla da üretim durma seviyesine gerilemiştir. Büyük şehirlerde yaşayan halk, temel gıda ihtiyaçlarını gideremez hale gelmiştir. Savaşı görmeyen halk, açlığı ve yokluğu en şiddetli şekilde yaşamıştır. Dönem içerisinde uygulanma imkânı bulan Milli Korunma Kanunu

    11. YA Authors' Insights about the Art of Writing.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Carroll, Pamela Sissi

      2001-01-01

      Collects and presents comments made by authors of young adult literature about their writing and about literature. Discusses how writing for young adults and teaching young adults might be related; why write books for adolescent readers; what their goals are as writers of young adult literature; and how they move from a blank page to a finished…

    12. Don Gallo: The Godfather of YA Short Stories.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Crowe, Chris

      1997-01-01

      Presents an interview with Don Gallo, editor of seven anthologies of short stories and one collection of plays, and author or editor of seven books about young adult fiction for teachers and scholars. (TB)

    13. What's Happening in YA Literature? Trends in Books for Adolescents

      Science.gov (United States)

      Koss, Melanie D.; Teale, William H.

      2009-01-01

      Recent years have witnessed a surge of interest and activity in the field of young adult literature. In order to describe the types of young adult books being published currently, a systematic content analysis was undertaken on of a wide sample of titles published in English between 1999 and 2005 representing both high quality literature and books…

    14. Kuingiliana kwa Lugha ya Kiswahili na Kiingereza: Uswahilishaji wa ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Kuingiliana kwa lugha ni taaluma katika uwanja wa isimu inayohusu lugha zinazoingiliana na kuathiriana. Kuingiliana kwa lugha sio jambo jipya katika dunia. Watu ambao ndio watumiaji wa lugha wamesababisha lugha kuiingiliana waliposafiri au kuhama sehemu moja hadi nyingine kutokana na sababu za kiuchumi, ...

    15. Ya "See" What We Mean: Teaching the Blind to Ski.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Pringle, Doug; Winthers, Jim

      The illustrated manual contains instructions for teaching blind and partially sighted students to ski. It is noted that blind students should be coached, instructed, and encouraged in the same manner as sighted students although additional safety precautions should be employed. Psychological implications for the blind student learning to ski are…

    16. Celebrating Love in All Shades: YA Books with LGBTQ Themes

      Science.gov (United States)

      Letcher, Mark, Ed.

      2009-01-01

      In this article, the author highlights outstanding literature written for young adults that contains LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning) themes, or contains LGBTQ characters. One of the most critically hailed books with LGBTQ characters from 2007 was Perry Moore's debut novel, "Hero" (Hyperion). This book won the Lambda…

    17. A Special Report: Trends and Topics in YA Books.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Calabro, Marian

      1980-01-01

      Presents opinions about current adolescent literature, obtained in an informal survey of professionals dedicated to bringing literature and young adults together. Focuses on nine types of books that adolescents read: realistic novels, humor, mysteries, sports, science fiction, romances, books for minorities, biographies and histories, and poetry.…

    18. YA Afro-American Fiction: An Update for Teachers.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Corson, Carolyn M.

      1987-01-01

      Includes annotated bibliographies of young adult books written in the 1980s by Black authors. Selections intended to interest Black teenagers represent both historical and contemporary realistic fiction. (NKA)

    19. Romance versus Reality: A Look at YA Romantic Fiction.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kundin, Susan G.

      1985-01-01

      Study of young adult literature found that both formula romance fiction and contemporary realistic fiction reflect problems young people face daily. Three problem-concern areas were addressed by an average of 32.81% of romance books and 30.13% of realistic fiction--personal, intrafamily, and interpersonal. Romance books studied are listed. (14…

    20. The kinds of Ya in today Persian languag

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      S.Mohammadreza Ebnorrasool

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available Abstract Diversity of suffix ‘-i’, called ‘ya’, in Persian language, which is of important consideration, for any reason, has not been able to attract scholars and grammarians in the field of Persian language. Here is an attempt to mention different kinds of ‘ya’ and to explain their applications, relying on grammar books, dictionaries, and today native application. The character generally has three types of applications in Persian language. It is firstly one of the Persian alphabet, so it primarily functions as a ‘phoneme’. It is applied in its second function when appears in the form of ’morpheme’, such as ‘-i’ in ‘mardi rad shod’ (a man passed with usage of indefinite article. The third function appears when it comes in the place of a word, because it is one of the six types of pronouns. So, ‘ya’ is applied in three forms: phoneme, morpheme and word. In continue, it is attempted to explain these kinds in more details. ‘ya’ as indefinite maker (Nakare: This kind of ‘ya’ is called the mark of indefinite by many of the Persian grammarians, including doctor Mohammad Moin. Dehkhoda says ‘ya’ is added to the end of the word to make it an indefinite one, such as the last word and it is a sign of indefinite types " of " is unknown, such as‘-i’ in ‘pesari ra didam’ (I saw a boy. ‘ya’ as numerical suffix means one (vahdat:  This kind is added to the last  of the word, and means "one". The difference between this one and the previous, ‘ya’ as indefinite maker, is just in their meanings. ‘ya’ as attributive suffix: This ‘ya’ is joined by various kinds of Persian words an attributes them to someone, some place or something, such as ‘Shirazi’(from shiraz, ‘farsi’(Persian, ‘Irani’(Iraian, Barmaki (Barmakian. This kind also sometimes has other meanings like emphasis, adverbial, degradation, similarity, vehicle, type, distance, and so on. ‘ya’ as addressing suffix (khetab: This kind is added to the end of verbs and is one of the six subjective pronouns – ‘-am’, ‘-i’, ‘-ad’, ‘-im’, ‘-id,’ ‘-and’ –used jointly. This just joins by verb and sometimes verb is replaced by it. ‘ya’ as infinitive maker: It is added to the end of nouns and adjectives to form various kinds of infinitives. Such as ‘-i’ in ‘madari’ (to be mother. ‘ya’ as a suffix means astonishment: This ‘ya’ appears in the end of adjectives meaning astonishment, such as ‘che marde zeshti!’ (what an ugly man!. ‘ya’ as description planner (relative, indefinite: This one has been called by grammarians variously indefinite, allusion, definition, descriptive, relative, indicative, and so on. These names are the matter of debates in this essay. ‘ya’ as emphatic suffix for adverbs: Another kind of ‘ya’ can be named adverb maker. 1- It is an independent one for which two possibilities can be considered: It comes with some adverbial expressions with an emphatic function such as  ‘zoodi amad’ (he came soon. 2- It carries the burden of preposition in other adverbial forms, such as ‘be zoodi’ (soon. Arabic ‘ya’s in Persian language: Some kinds of ‘ya’ are Arabic, such as geminated ‘ya’ in attributives, and first person pronoun ‘ya’ which have separately or jointly by their words entered within Persian language and found their places. ‘ya’ as  institution of ‘-e’ (kasre meaning ‘of’: It comes at the end of the word finished by non-pronounced ‘ha’ in combining with an adjective or noun in the genitive case to avoid the difficulty in pronunciation of a vowel besides another one.

    1. 2282-IJBCS-Article-Dr Masamaéya Gnazou

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      prof gatsing

      Du point de vue bactériologique, les eaux des citernes, du puits et du cours d'eau présentent une forte charge en germes totaux et constituent un risque .... formations du bassin sédimentaire côtier. Cet ensemble d'âge méso-cénozoïque ... par des failles à l'origine d'une subsidence différentielle. La plus importante de ces ...

    2. Uru naolileanya ya nye ndị ntorobịa

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      These days, moral decadence has been the virus that has eaten deep into the fabrics of our culture, which has become plague to our values thus affecting every facet of country, thereby hindering economic growth and development. It has become a huge problem in Igbo land and in Nigeria as a whole. In Igbo culture, it is ...

    3. Nyay karo ya jail bharo] Sathins of Rajasthan demand justice.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Abha; Geetanjali; Radha; Ratna

      1992-01-01

      The experiences of Bhanwari, a 4-year old worker for the Women's Development Program in the Kumhar community in Rajasthan, India, is recounted. On September 22, 1992, 2 men from the Gujar community gang raped her and brutally assaulted her husband. The actions were viewed as a reprisal against her for trying to end child marriages. Legal and medical efforts were ineffective in protecting her human rights, and the actions of the men, who were known and identified within the community, were effectively concealed and condoned. The woman and her husband made a concerted effort to obtain a medical examination to prove that rape had occurred. The police accused her of making false allegations. A male doctor refused to examine her. The medical jurist refused to conduct an examination for rape unless orders were issued by the magistrate, who refused. The next day a doctor performed the examination and confirmed that Bhanwari (a mother of four) was not a virgin. Her clothing was taken as evidence, and she was forced to wear the blood-stained clothes of her husband. Since the rape, continued questioning by the police has taken the form of harassment. The National Commission for Women condemned the police behavior and concluded that evidence was tampered with and that the police were protecting the rapists. No arrests have been made. In protest over the mistreatment, a rally was held in Jaipur. During the public meeting, many accounts of sexual abuse by men were related. The issue of gender equality was raised as well as sexual harassment of female workers, who have not legal recourse. A comprehensive law is needed, and women need to speak out against the powerful alliance of politicians and state agencies.

    4. International experience of volley-ballers of Zakarpat'ya

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Trifan A.N.

      2010-04-01

      Full Text Available The analysis of process of development of volley-ball is conducted in Zakarpat'e for period 1991-2008. One of his components is described - organization and leadthrough of volley-ball tournaments. The dynamics of participating in him and sporting results of the Ukrainian commands is considered. Description of some differences is presented in the organizational and informative providing of these competitions. Participating in tournaments allowed the Ukrainian specialists to inculcate front-rank experience. Also to improve organization of sporting mass work and leadthrough of volley-ball tournaments in Ukraine.

    5. 'Ya'yan Magajiya (Errand Children) in Nigeria

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Administrator

      servants in these systems are exploited by their employers and most often treated as if they are slaves. In addition to labour exploitation, the systems are conduits for commercial sex networking, drug pushing and human trafficking. Earlier studies attributed the systems to poverty. It is argued that at this age of recognition of ...

    6. Ya B Zeldovich – Personal Reminiscences of a Pupil

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      and, to his great regret, had initially advocated the cold big bang model instead of the hot one. (the latter had been predicted by another great Russian cosmologist George Gamow in the. 1940's.) Zeldovich strove to explain complicated ideas simply through numerous entertaining articles and textbooks [1, 2] including his ...

    7. Ya B Zeldovich – Personal Reminiscences of a Pupil

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      extremely busy scientific schedule, Zeldovich always found time to teach courses at Moscow. University. ... cosmology course the time came for exams, I realised that there was no formal time table for a written test, as was ... policies of the Soviet government with regard to foreign travel by its eminent scientists. Zeldovich and ...

    8. Manifestation of cultural diversity in the novel Megokgo ya Lethabo ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      To what extent are cultural diversities in marriage portrayed? As South Africa is counted among the young democracies of the world, what can be learned from the events outlined in this story? Turner's (1989) theory, which focuses on the three phases of the rite of passage namely, separation, transition and incorporation, ...

    9. Han Sol-Ya and His Literature: North Korea.

      Science.gov (United States)

      1960-11-30

      process; ef dig- I r I pst^gratiAK ritk vitality * | 1 . ■ s I ’A «ft r<? sore 9 «i’i/i.1 igiit»* was filled ritfe typical characters of! j...8217■’- i 8 sueli an smvir©»n.er«t? I ’•■ran.ted to -»rite ray f laming; passions &nd i I 1 I desires an

    10. Ice Cream/I Scream for YA Books

      Science.gov (United States)

      Gallo, Don

      2010-01-01

      From a 40-year perspective, Don Gallo examines the field of young adult literature, comparing it to ice cream--its various flavors and levels of richness. The article proclaims the profundity of the field and the quality of its writers, summarizes historical highlights, defends it against its detractors, and explains the importance of helping…

    11. Sosyal bilgiler derslerinde belgesel film kullanımının akademik başarıya ve bilinçli farkındalık düzeylerine etkisi [The effect of using documentaries in social studies lesson on the levels of academic success and mindfulness

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Özlem BEKTAŞ-ÖZTAŞKIN

      2013-10-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Sosyal Bilgiler derslerinde belgesel film kullanımının akademik başarıya ve bilinçli farkındalık düzeylerine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Araştırma, deneysel araştırma modellerinden biri olan ön test-son test kont¬rol gruplu deneme modeline göre desenlenmiştir. Araştırmaya 2012-2013 öğretim yılında Erzincan il merkezinde yer alan Bahçelievler Ortaokulu altıncı sınıf öğrencileri katılmıştır. Deney ve kontrol gruplarında toplam 54 öğrenci araştırmaya alınmıştır. Deneysel işlem altı hafta sürmüştür. Araştırmacı tarafından dersin konularına paralel olarak ve ders içeriğine özgün hazırlanan belgeseller deney grubuna sunulmuştur. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen ve 6. sınıf öğrencilerinin Sosyal Bilgiler Dersi akademik başarı düzeylerini belirlemeyi amaçlayan “Yeryüzünde Yaşam Ünitesi Akademik Başarı Testi”, Brown ve Ryan (2003 tarafından geliştirilen Özyeşil, Arslan, Kesici ve Deniz (2011 tarafından Türkçe’ye uyarlanan “Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği (BİFÖ” kullanıl¬mıştır. Gruplar; Sosyal Bilgiler Dersi Başarı Testi ve Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği öntest sonuçları dikkate alınarak eşitlen¬miştir. Sonuç olarak akademik başarı düzeyleri açısından deney grubunun, kontrol grubuna göre daha başarılı olduğu Sosyal Bilgiler derslerinde belgesel film bilinçli farkındalıkları üzerinde olumlu yönde etkili olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

    12. THE RESTORATION OF PAINTING “NUDE” BY SAİP TUNA FOUND IN COLLECTION OF THE ANKARA STATE MUSEUM OF PAINTINGS AND SCULPTURES [Tr: ANKARA DEVLET RESİM VE HEYKEL MÜZESİ KOLEKSİYONUNDA BULUNAN, SAİP TUNA’YA AİT “NÜ” İSİMLİ TABLONUN RESTORASYONU

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Berna ÇAĞLAR ERYURT

      2018-04-01

      . [TR: Yağlı boya tablo konservasyonu, depolamadan sergilemeye, taşımadan paketlemeye, temizlikten rötuş yöntemlerine değin oldukça hassas ve farklı uzmanlık alanı gerektiren bir koruma dalıdır. Ülkemizde bu alanda uzman sayısının azlığı, araştırma ve yayınların yetersizliği dikkat çekmekte, yapılan sayılı çalışmanın ise genelde bilimsel esaslara dayalı olmadığı gözlenmektedir. Müzelerimizde, özel koleksiyonlarda uzman olmayan kişilerce hatalı uygulamalara maruz bırakılmış veya uygun koşullarda saklanmadıkları için zarara uğramış pek çok eserle karşılaşılmaktadır. Bu eserlerden biri de çalışmamıza konu olan, Ankara Devlet Resim ve Heykel Müzesi’nin deposunda bulunan, Cumhuriyet Dönemi’nin önemli ressamlarından Saip Tuna’ya (1904-1974 ait “Nü” isimli yağlı boya tablodur. Bu çalışmamızda söz konusu tablo üzerinde bilimsel yöntemlerle gerçekleştirilen inceleme, belgeleme işlemleri ile koruma ve onarım yöntemleri ele alınmıştır. Bu kapsamda söz konusu tablo tahribatsız (görsel ve mikroskobik yöntemlerle incelenmiş; eğimli ışık, arkadan aydınlatma ve mor ötesi ışık yardımıyla tabloyu oluşturan katmanlardaki bozulmalar ve önceki onarımlar tespit edilmiştir. Yoğun vernik uygulaması, hatalı rötuş gibi, eserin özgün yapısına uygun olmayan malzeme/yöntemler kullanılarak yapılmış önceki onarım müdahaleleri ile elverişsiz depolama koşullarından kaynaklanan sorunların eserde bozulmalara/hasarlara yol açtığı gözlenmiştir. Tespit edilen bozulmalar ve hasarlar doğrultusunda tablonun onarım çalışmaları yapılmıştır. Bu çalışma ile elde edilen veriler, koruma ve onarım uygulamalarının başarısında alan uzmanlığının önemi kadar, bilimsel araştırma ve incelemeye dayalı tespit ve teşhisin de gerekliliğini ortaya koymaktadır.

    13. Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu Öğrencilerinin Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları ve Etkileyen Faktörler

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mehmet Ali Şen

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available Giriş: Bu çalışma Dicle Üniversitesi (D.Ü. Atatürk Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu 1.sınıfında öğrenim gören öğrencilerin sağlıklı yaşam davranışı biçimlerini belirlemek amacıyla tanımlayıcı olarak yapılmıştır. Yöntemler: Araştırmanın evrenini Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokul’u 1.sınıf öğrencileri (251 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Katılımcılara demografik verileri içeren yapılandırılmış bir anket ile Walker tarafından düzenlenen ve 2008 yılında Bahar ve arkadaşları tarafından Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması yapılmış olan “Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları Ölçeği II” (SYBDÖ uygulanmıştır. Verilerin değerlendirilmesinde sayı-yüzdelik hesaplama, ortalama, t testi ve korelasyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin yaş ortalaması 20,46±3,7, %70.5’i kadın, %90,2’i bekâr, %69,3’ünün aile evi, %16’sı yurt, %14,7’side öğrenci evinde kalmakta, %27,9’u okurken ek bir işte çalışmakta, %77,7 sinin anne eğitim durumunun en fazla ilkokul olduğu saptanmıştır. Öğrencilerinin toplam SYBDÖ puan ortalamaları orta düzeyde bulunmuştur 118,0±21,0. Anne eğitim durumu yüksek olan öğrencilerin, kişilerarası ilişki puan ortalaması yüksek olmakla birlikte istatistiksel açıdan anlamlı bulunmamıştır. Anne eğitimi yüksek olan öğrencilerin beslenme, kişilerarası ilişkiler ve toplam puan ortalaması anlamlı bulunmuştur (p<0.05. Sonuç: Çalışma yaptığımız üniversite öğrencilerinin SYBDÖ puan ortalamalarının orta düzeyde olduğu ve annenin eğitim düzeyi ile ilişkili olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Sağlık sektöründe görev alacak olan öğrencilerin sağlığı geliştirme davranışlarının önemini kavramaları ve bilgilerini davranışa dönüştürmeleri yönünde eğitimler yapılması gerekmektedir.

    14. Kutsal Kitaplar ve Mitolojik Kaynaklar Işığında Eski Yakındoğu’da Rüya Olgusu ve Algısı Üzerine On The Fact And Perception Of Dreams In Ancient Near East In Light Of The Holy Books And The Mythological Sources

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      H. Hande DUYMUŞ FLORIOTI

      2013-03-01

      Full Text Available In all of the Ancient Near East civilization written sources, the factof a dream was perceived, as the omen and connection means betweenhuman and gods by this socities. It had the same meaning in The HolyBooks and the Ancient Near East mythological sources. Hittitecivilization that established strong and an important state in CentralAnatolia, were influenced by the Ancient Mesopotamian civilizationsabout dream’s meaning and perception. It was understood that dreamswere accepted as the omen means. Because it could be quidedregarding the future. Ancient civilizations tried to find some clues aboutthe future from their gods in their dreams. When they saw bad dreams,they communly accepted it as a bad future. We have the sameperception about this, nowadays.It is worth to state that the Ancient Near East civilizations’s peoplewho wondered the future and tried to get clues for it, firstly had apurification ritual and then they spent the night (slept in temples orcities of the important cult centers. They expected to see the dreamabout their questions from gods at that night. Islam traditions has thesame practise and it is called “asking for divine guidance through adream”. Tarih boyunca hemen hemen her topluma ait yazılı kaynaktazikredilen rüya olgusu, Eski Yakındoğu toplumlarında, insanlarlatanrılar arasında bir iletişim ve kehanet vasıtası olarak algılanmıştır.Kutsal Kitaplar’da da yer alan ve anlam bulan bu yaklaşım, EskiYakındoğu1 toplumlarına ait yazılı kaynaklar arasında önem arz edenmitolojik anlatılarda da yer almaktadır. Nitekim, Eski Mezopotamyatoplumlarının rüyaya yüklediği anlam, daha sonraki dönemlerdeAnadolu’nun merkezinde güçlü bir devlet kurmuş olan Hititler’e degeçmiş, mitolojik ve destansı anlatılarda yer bulmuştur. Söz konusutoplumlarda rüyanın algılanışı ile ilgili olarak ortak payda, rüyalarıngeleceğe dair ipuçları içerdiği inancı ile bağlantılı olup

    15. AN INVESTIGATION ON OĠHUZ OBJECTS’ NAMES IN DĪVĀNU LUĠĀTI’T-TURK DĪVĀNU LUĠĀTİ’T-TÜRK’TEKİ OĞUZCA EŞYA ADLARINA BİR BAKIŞ

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. Selda KARAŞLAR

      2010-01-01

      Full Text Available The Dīvānu Luġāti’t-Türk which is the first source about the Turkish world’s literature, language, cultural, social situation in the eleventh century gives us very important and original knowledges for Turcology researching. It is always main source for the researchers. Besides rich information about the language of Karahanid Turkish in the eleventh century, the book also includes ınformation the language, culture and history of numerous Turkish dialects especially Oġhuz language.In this study, the Oġhuz objects’ names in Kâşgarlı Mahmud’s Dīvān and from this viewpoint the improving of Oġhuz rhetoric will be examined. XI. yüzyıl Türk dünyasının dil, edebiyat, kültür ve sosyal durumuyla ilgili zengin ve özgün ilk bilgileri veren Dīvānu Luġāti’t-Türk, Türkoloji araştırmalarında her zaman temel kaynak olmuş ve araştırmacılar tarafından çok yönlü olarak ele alınmıştır. XI. yüzyıl Karahanlı Türkçesinin dil durumuyla ilgili zengin bilgiler içeren eser, Oğuzca başta olmak üzere birçok Türk diyalekt alanı ile ilgili dil, kültür, tarih malzemesi de içermektedir.Bu çalışmada Kâşgarlı Mahmud’un Dīvānındaki Oğuzca eşya adları ele alınacak, bu noktadan Oğuz söz varlığının gelişimi incelenecektir.

    16. Model Sistemde Farklı Tür Etlere Yağsız Süttozu ve Peyniraltı Suyu Tozu İlavesinin Süspansiyon ve Emülsiyon pH’sı ve Protein Konsantrasyonu Üzerine Etkisi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Şükrü Kurt

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, sığır, tavuk ve hindi etlerine farklı seviyelerde (% 0.0, 0.25 ve 0.50 yağsız süttozu (YST ve peyniraltı suyu tozu (PAST ilavesinin, süspansiyon ve emülsiyon pH’sı (pHs, pHe ve protein konsantrasyonu üzerindeki etkisi model sistem kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Protein konsantrasyonu üzerinde tür etleri önemli (P<0.01 düzeyde farklılığa neden olurken, en yüksek protein konsantrasyonu sırasıyla, hindi, tavuk ve sığır eti süspansiyonlarında tespit edilmiştir. pHs ve pHe değerleri üzerinde de tür etleri önemli (P<0.01 düzeyde farklılığa neden olurken, en yüksek pHs ve pHe değerleri sırasıyla tavuk, hindi ve sığır eti süspansiyon ve emülsiyonlarında belirlenmiştir. PAST ve YST’nin ilavesi ise protein konsantrasyonunu önemli (P<0.01 düzeyde artırmıştır. YST’nin ilavesi pHs ve pHe değerlerini, PAST’nin ilavesi pHe değerini önemli (P<0.01 düzeyde artırmıştır. Genel olarak, emülsiyon pH’sı süspansiyon pH’sına göre fazla değişmemiş, ancak  0.01 pH birimi  yüksek bulunmuştur.

    17. Akdeniz’de Yaşanan Güvenlik Sorunu ve Büyük Güçlerin Politikası (1936-1939 Security Issue In The Mediterranean And The Policy Of Great Powers (1936-1939

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mehmet Sait DİLEK

      2012-12-01

      çen devletler özellikle Avrupa’daki güç mücadelesinde Almanya ve İtalya’ya karşı büyük bir avantaj sağlamışlar ve bununla da yetinmeyip muhtemel rövanşizm ve revizyonizm hareketlerine karşı statükoyu koruma stratejisini politikalarının temeline yerleştirmişlerdi.İki savaş arası dönemde İspanya’da sağ-sol çatışmasının başlaması bazı devletlerin konuya müdahil olmasına sebep olmuş dolayısıyla Akdeniz’de tansiyon artmıştır. Bu müdahaleci anlayış, İtalyan donanmasına ait bazı denizaltıların kimliklerini gizleyip yabancı bandıralı gemilere saldırmaya başlamasıyla birlikte daha gergin hale bürünmüştür. Bu sebeple İngiltere, Fransa, Türkiye, Yugoslavya, Yunanistan, Mısır, Sovyetler Birliği, Bulgaristan ve Romanya’nın katılımlarıyla 10-14 Eylül 1937 tarihleri arasında Nyon’da konferans düzenlenmiştir. İtalya, Almanya ve Arnavutluk ise davet çağrısına olumsuz cevap vermişlerdir.Statükocu devletler, Versay Antlaşması sonrası oluşturdukları yeni düzende güç ve çıkar ilişkisini kendi lehlerine kurmayı başarmışlardı. Bu nedenle adı geçen devletler, sisteme yönelik ilk saldırılar gerçekleştiğinde diplomasi metodunu kullanmışlar hatta yatıştırma politikası gereğince revizyonist devletlerin saldırgan hareketlerine de yeterince ses çıkarmamışlardı. Revizyonist devletler ise güçlendikçe mevcut durumdan rahatsızlıklarını beyan etmişler ve sistemi adalet üzerine inşa etmeleri gerekirken kendi çıkarları doğrultusunda hareket etmeye başlamışlardı. Bu makalede İspanya’da yaşanan ulusal bir sorunun zincirleme olayların etkisiyle Akdeniz’de nasıl bir güvenlik sorununa dönüştüğü; devletlerin yeni oluşan krize karşı ne gibi politikalar belirlediği değerlendirmeye tabi tutulacaktır.

    18. TRANSFORMING THE MEANING OF BARBARISM: TURKS IN HENRY BLOUNT’S A VOYAGES INTO THE LEVANT (1634 HENRY BLOUNT’IN YAKIN DOĞU’YA SEYAHAT (1634 ADLI ESERİNDE “BARBAR TERİMİNİ” ANLAMINI YENİDEN YORUMLAMASI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hasan BAKTIR

      2010-10-01

      Full Text Available Henry Blount writes A Voyage into the Levant is a Renaissance text. Blount’s Voyage is different from the general travel writings to a certain degree. Firstly he claims to be honest and objective about Turks. Secondly, he claims to avoid the general subjective tendency of the travelers and describe the Turks as objectively as possible. He thinks that the common tendency of the travelers to repeat the stereotypes blinds the perspective and makes us ignorant of the advancement of the civilization. Blount uses the ‘sword’ as a metaphor to interpret the advancement and victory of the Ottoman Empire. He says: ‘The Turkish religion favors hope above fear and paradise above hell thus fills the mind with courage for the military purpose’. According to Blount, the permission for polygamy ‘makes numerous People’, the prohibition of wine ‘hardens the Soldier, prevents disorder, and facilitates public provision’ (78-82. In addition, since the Ottomans inhabit countries once filled with wits, wise men and ‘the greatest Divines, Philosophers and Poets in the world’ it seems likely that the marriage with the ancient, local and Ottoman culture will in the process of time ‘gentlize’ the military spirit of the Empire (84. The present study aims to discuss Blount’s perception of the Ottoman society in A Voyage into the Levant. Henry Blount’ı Yakın Doğu’ya Seyahat (1634 adlı esri bir Rönesans metnidir. Bu metin Osmanlı ve Türkler konusunda yazılan ve Şarkiyatçı yaklaşım olarak da bilinen geleneksel bakış açısında biraz daha farklı bir yaklaşımla yazılmıştır. Öncelikle, Blount Türkler konusunda dürüst ve adaletli olacağına söz vermiştir. Seyahatname yazarlarının önyargılarından uzak duracağına ve gördüklerini tarafsız olarak yansıtacağını iddia etmiştir. Blount Osmanlı toplumunu anlatırken, onların ilerlemesini ve güçlü bir medeniyet olmasını “kılıç” metaforu ile a

    19. Fransız Devrimi’nin Osmanlı’ya Armağanı: Gazete Türk Basınının Doğuşu The Emergence oF Turkish Media The Gift of French Revolution for the Ottoman Empire: Journal

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ali BUDAK

      2012-09-01

      îm-i Vekâyi’dir. Ne var ki, sosyal bilimlerde olaylar gibi olgular da bir anda ortaya çıkmazlar. Daima, bir hazırlık dönemleri vardır.Böyle bakıldığında, Takvîm-i Vekâyi’in de aslında, uzun sayılabilecek bir sürecin devamı olduğu açıkça görülmektedir. Osmanlı’nın bu ilk resmi gazetesine gelmeden önce, en az iki tecrübe aşamasından söz etmek gerekmektedir. Bu tecrübelerden biri İstanbul’da, diğeri İzmir’de yaşanmıştır. İstanbul’daki ilk adımları; Fransız Elçiliği’nce yayımlanan Fransızca üç bülten oluşturmuştur. Fransız İhtilali’nin fikirlerini yaymayı amaçlayan bu bültenler; “Le Bulletin de Nouvelles”, "La Gazette Française de Constantinople" ve "Mercure Oriental" adlarını taĢımaktadırlar. İzmir’deki gazetecilik girişimlerinde de yine Fransızlar’ın payı bulunmaktadır. Fakat bu defa amaç, kentteki Fransız tacirlerini dünyadaki gelişmelerden haberdar etmek ve onların haklarını korumaktır. “Le Smyrnéen”, “Le Spectateur Oriental” ve “Le Courrier de Smyrne” adlı bu yayınların dili de doğal olarak Fransızcadır. Çalışmamız, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda gazeteciliğin doğuşunu, işte bu hazırlık safhalarıyla birlikte yeniden değerlendirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Böylece, hem, Takvîm-i Vekâyi’in ne tür bir algı ve gayeyle çıkarıldığının, hem de sonrasındaki özel gazeteciliğin temellerinin nasıl atıldığının, çok daha geniş bir açıyla izlenebileceğini umuyoruz.

    20. Türk Dili Edebiyatı ve Türkçe Öğretmeni Adaylarının Sözcük Dağarcıklarının Değerlendirilmesi ve Günlük Yaşamlarına Yansımaları Evaluation of Turkish Literature and Turkish Language Teaching Majors’ Vocabulary Knowledge and Its Effect on Their Daily Life

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Fatma SUSAR KIRMIZI

      2012-12-01

      Full Text Available Vocabulary knowledge includes all the words one acquires duringhis or her lifetime. In terms of first language education, the active wordsused improve vocabulary knowledge. One has the ability to expresshim/herself as much as his or her vocabulary allows. The aim of thisstudy is to evaluate university students‟ vocabulary knowledge and todetermine how their vocabulary knowledge affects their daily life. In thisstudy, qualitative and quantitative research methods were usedtogether. The study was conducted with 3rd and 4th year students(n=204 at the Turkish Language and Literature Department of theFaculty of Science and Literature and the Turkish Language TeachingDepartment of the Faculty of Education, Pamukkale University, Denizli.To measure the students‟ vocabulary knowledge on Republican periodliterature, five texts of the period were used. For identifying the sample,convenient sampling was employed in the study. Firstly, a vocabularypool was created including the words in the texts and the ones that thestudents should know, then it was tried to determine to what extentthey know these words. In addition to this, to identify the effect ofstudents‟ vocabulary knowledge on their daily life, “semi-structuredinterview form” was used. The written forms including the students‟opinions were evaluated in the study as the qualitative data set. In thestudy, three most frequent unknown words are „şekva‟ (complaint,„müstevlî‟ (occupant, and „müsavat‟ (equality. The students at theFaculty of Education think that vocabulary knowledge is, in general,necessary for having a respectable social status. The students use thenew words they have learnt in poetry, prose, exams or a different type ofwriting, or even writing online. Sözcük dağarcığı yaşam boyunca edinilen kelimelerin tümüdür. Ana dili eğitimi açısından önemli olan öğrenende, kullanılan aktif sözcük dağarcığı geliştirmektir. Kişi kullandığı s

    1. "Ya no hay Atlántico, ya no hay dos continentes": regionalismo e identidad nacional durante la Guerra de la Independencia en Nueva España

      OpenAIRE

      Eastman, Scott

      2005-01-01

      This paper analyzes the growth of regionalism and national identity within the framework of the late Spanish empire. Rather than compare two linked but ultimately disparate “national” projects, I have positioned Spain and New Spain within the context of shared political, cultural and ideological traditions. During this crucial defining epoch, competing nationalist discourses emerged throughout the various realms of the Spanish empire grounded in a common Catholic faith and proclaimed in artic...

    2. Ya basta ehk kes mõistab hukka kapitalismi kuriteod? = Ya basta or who will condemn the crimes of capitalism? / Anders Härm

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Härm, Anders, 1977-

      2009-01-01

      1994. aasta Põhja-Ameerika Vabakaubandusleping keelustas kohalike elanike farmide subsideerimise, millele astusid vastu Chiapa elanikud Mehhikos ning moodustasid Zapatistliku Hea Valitsuse Hunta eesotsas subcomandante Marcosega, kehtestades haldamise detsentraliseerimise

    3. 20. Yüzyılın Son Çeyreğinde Yaşanan Jeopolitik Kırılma Noktası ile Başlayan 21. Yüzyıl, Yeni Tarihin Ne Kadar Başlangıcıdır? 21st Century; Initiated With The Geopolitical Breaking Point Occurred At The Last Quarter Of 20th Century; Beginning Of The New History In What Extent?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Laziza Nurpeiis

      2013-07-01

      Full Text Available With the collapse of the USSR in 1990, many global problemshave arisen. One of the most crucial issues has been the replacement ofthe stability sustained by Cold War that affected the 20th centurydeeply, the bipolar world system, nuclear and ballistic weapons with achaotic environment of asymmetric features. This new stage not onlyaffected the political vital constraints of all societies but also showed theneed of geopolitical theories dealing with problems that can arise.The incapability in dealing with uncertainties of power at all levelscaused a lack of compiling long and mid-term plans.Energy sources of the former Soviet territory, mergedcommunities, social issues, various underground resources, issues ofethnic conflicts and radical terrorist organizations, put the whole worldinto a chaotic environment.Therefore, an important breaking point in 1990 was experiencedby all countries. This is such a point that the near and distant pastaccumulations will remain ineffective and new strategic and geopoliticalapproaches are required. The main problem is revolved around twoquestions. Will the geo-strategic theories of 20th century that are basedon two power poles be available in the new era of asymmetric chaos?Or, are theories, built with the new geostrategic perception needed? 1990 yılında SSCB’nin dağılması ile ortaya birçok küresel sorun çıkmıştır. Bu sorunların en başında da 20’inci yüzyıla damgasını vuran Soğuk Savaş, iki kutuplu dünya düzeni, nükleer ve balistik silahlara dayalı denge ortamının yok olması ve yerine asimetrik özelliklere sahip kaotik bir ortamın çıkması vardır. Yeni başlayan süreç, hem bütün toplumların siyasi/politik yaşamsal desteklerini ve dayanaklarını ortadan kaldıracak şekilde sarsmış, hem de ortaya çıkan problem sahaları ile mücadele edebilecek jeopolitik teorilerin eksikliği hissedilmiştir. Özellikle her seviyedeki gücün yeni başlayan sürecin bilinmezliği ile

    4. Teaching Young Adult Literature: YA Literature Belongs in the Classroom Because...

      Science.gov (United States)

      Roberts, Mike

      2013-01-01

      This reoccurring column describes innovative methods for engaging students in reading, writing, and discussing contemporary and classic literary texts written for adolescents. As this column comes to a close, rather than try to cram in a few "last minute" suggestions, the author decided he would instead let some young adult literature…

    5. Bir Yıllık Çocuk Cerrahisi Poliklinik Verileri: Olmak Ya Da Olmamak

      OpenAIRE

      Çiftci, İlhan

      2014-01-01

      Introduction and Purpose: In history, Pediatric Surgery was formed by Denis Browne and his vigorous efforts in 1953 with the foundation of BAPS. In our country, it was established by İhsan Numanoğlu as an independent branch in the year 1960, in Izmir. In our clinic, we have tried to identify patient variety of a Pediatric Surgery Clinic by analyzing the patients having applied in the last one year, and we tried to determine how much the share of Pediatric Urology is. Materials and Methods: ...

    6. [Changes of Forest Canopy Spectral Reflectance with Seasons in Lang Ya Mountains].

      Science.gov (United States)

      Li, Wei-tao; Peng, Dao-li; Zhang, Yan; Wu, Jian; Chen, Tai-sheng

      2015-08-01

      The physiological mechanism and ecological structure of forest trees can change with the changes of years. In a certain extent, the changes were expressed through the canopy spectral features. The mastery of changing rules about spectral characteristics of trees over the years is benefit to remote sensing interpretation and provide scientific basis for the classification of different trees. The study adopted high-resolution spectrometer to measure the canopy spectral characteristics for seven major deciduous trees and seven evergreen trees to gain the spectrum curve of four different ages and calculate the first derivative curve. The analysis of changing rules about spectral characteristics of different deciduous trees and evergreen trees and the comparison of changes about spectrum of various trees in the visible and infrared band could find the best year and best band for identification of trees. The results showed that the canopy spectral reflectance of deciduous and evergreen trees increases with the increase of age. And the spectral changes of two species were most obvious in the near infrared band.

    7. "The second half of 48" : the sharon-ya'alon plan

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      Reinhart, T.

      2001-01-01

      Official declarations and many reports in the Israeli media indicate that the Israeli military and political leadership are aiming, eventually, at a total destruction of the Palestinian authority, and, with it, the process of Oslo, which is now dominantly considered by them a 'historical mistake'.

    8. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activities of Ya-hom Intajak, a Thai ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      HP

      hexane and dichloromethane fractions of ... Antioxidant effect was also determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging capacity and ferric ..... disease: chief culprit or innocent bystander. J Exp. Med. 2006; 203: 813-816. 2.

    9. A palynological study of the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      van Zeist, Willem; Bottema, Sytze

      The results are discussed of the palynological (pollen-analytical) examination of a sediment section in the Hula Valley of northern Israel, with evidence of Acheulian occupation dated to 700,000-800,000 B.P. In general there is a fair agreement between the palynological data and the wood remains

    10. La enfermedad de Chagas ya no es tan exótica

      Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

      2008-04-03

      Este podcast tiene el propósito de informar a los profesionales de la salud sobre la enfermedad de Chagas, su diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como orientar en la identificación de pacientes infectados.  Created: 4/3/2008 by National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (NCZVED).   Date Released: 4/9/2008.

    11. We’re All YA Now: A Review of Graphic Novels for Children and Young Adults

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lee Skallerup Bessette

      2018-01-01

      Full Text Available 'Graphic Novels for Children and Young Adults: A Collection of Critical Essays', edited by Michelle Ann Abate and Gwen Athene Tarbox, University Press of Mississippi, 352 pages, 2017, ISBN 978-1-4968-1167-7   This article is a review of 'Graphic Novels for Children and Young Adults: A Collection of Critical Essays', edited by Michelle Ann Abate and Gwen Athene Tarbox (University Press of Mississippi, 2017. Filling a significant gap in current scholarly research in comic studies, the collection will appeal to a wide range of scholars and educators. The review argues that reading this collection is less of a chore and more of a joyful journey of discovery.

    12. Türk Devlet Kültüründe Rüya

      OpenAIRE

      KURT, Savaş; KURT, Beyza

      2015-01-01

      In this study, it was emphasized on the place and importance of dreams that have a strong erudition on government tradition of Turkish Society and how affected person’s life by dreams in Turkish culturel life. The research was started by emphasizing the importance of dreams in pre- Islamic Turkish government tradition. It was mentioned to perception of dreams in Ottoman government tradition with foundation of various Turkish governments or thing that existed centre point of dreams. By mention...

    13. Laparoscopic management of hydatid cyst of the liver | Yağmur ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      We aimed to prospectively assess the early outcomes of laparoscopic treatment at our institution. Patients and methods: Forty-four patients with hydatid disease of liver were screened with ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen to exclude Gharbi type V cysts. The distribution of cyst sizes was: 1–4 cm, ...

    14. Ya Heard Me? Rhoticity in Post-Katrina New Orleans English

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Schoux Casey, Christina

      2016-01-01

      Sociolinguistic research has documented the change to rhoticity by white speakers in the American South, and the increase in rhoticity in New York City and New England. However, there has been scant investigation of rhoticity in New Orleans, Louisiana, which, as a linguistic island in the Gulf......, where age is not a significant predictor. Greater educational attainment and external cultural orientation are strongly predictive of rhoticity across speech styles. The continued presence of variability in /r/ realization across age, gender, and ethnoracial categories suggests that New Orleans...

    15. La felicidad ya no viste de rosa: hacia el empoderamiento de la mujer gitana

      OpenAIRE

      Viñes Beltrán, Alexandra

      2015-01-01

      Treball final de Grau en Psicologia. Codi: PS1048. Curs acadèmic 2014-2015 El presente trabajo recoge la intervención comunitaria realizada en La Llar de San Lorenzo para empoderar a las mujeres de etnia gitana. El objetivo general era disminuir la influencia cultural del rol de mujer gitana en su bienestar subjetivo (Felicidad). Para ello, se programaron una serie de talleres con el fin de dar a conocer la relación existente entre de las Creencias Irracionales y el grado de Felicidad. La ...

    16. Ufundishaji wa Fasihi ya Watoto katika Shule za Msingi Nchini Kenya

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      (14); Eritrea (1); Ethiopia (30); Ghana (27); Kenya (29); Lesotho (1); Libya (2); Madagascar (1); Malawi (4); Mauritius (3); Mozambique (1); Nigeria (221); Rwanda (3); Senegal (6); Sierra Leone (1); South Africa (96); South Sudan (1); Sudan (3); Swaziland (3); Tanzania (19); Togo (1); Tunisia (2); Uganda (12); Zambia (2) ...

    17. Why a Funny YA Novel Is Better than a TV Sitcom.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Nilsen, Alleen Pace

      1989-01-01

      Compares characteristics of young adult literature and television situation comedies. Highlights include writing for television versus writing novels; the use of humor, irony, and serious topics; character growth; plot construction; and responsibility for solving characters' problems. (LRW)

    18. Uhifadhi na Upanuzi wa Wigo wa Matumizi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Mara nyingi uhifadhi wa lugha umekuwa ukihusishwa na lugha zisizokuwa na wazungumzaji wengi, ambazo hadhi yake ni duni kimatumizi ikilinganishwa na lugha zinazotumika kwa mawasilino mapana kama lugha za taifa. Dhana hii huhusishwa na lugha ambazo ziko hatarini kutoweka (Salikoko, 2004). Nchini Tanzania ...

    19. I.Ya. Korostovetz, "the Creator of Mongolia" and Russian Diplomatic Mission in Urga in 1912

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Pavel N. Dudin

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available The author defines the role of Russian diplomacy and one of its brightest representatives – Ivan Korostovetz in establishing their own Mongolian state in 1911–1912 through the analysis of diplomatic correspondence, as well as relying on other sources and memoirs of the contemporaries. The author studied the challenges faced by the diplomatic mission and ways to overcome them, showing the position and arguments of each party on the issue of the status of Mongolia. It is noted that the Russian Far East policy was not a priority at the beginning of the twentieth century, giving way to solving of the European problems and it gave rise to a certain alienation of the outlying territories, which eventually became a threat to the national security. The Xinhai Revolution of 1911–1912 and the collapse of the Qing Empire contributed to the awareness of the possibility of gaining a foothold in the region and ensure its economic and geopolitical interests in many ways. Not being interested in the aggravation of relations with China, the Russian government through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs entrusted solving the sudden Outer Mongolia's independence declaration problem to an experienced diplomat, the former envoy to the Qing’s court – Ivan Korostovets. However, a simple task at first glance was complicated by the fact that representatives of the Mongolian side, resting on Western concepts of the state, state sovereignty, etc. did not see themselves as a part of China, while Russia recognized for its neighbor the principle of the territorial integrity. In turn, China was considering the activities of the Russian side as interference in its internal affairs, in that time, Russia insisted on defending of only its commercial interests. As a result of lengthy and difficult negotiations Korostavets persuaded the Mongols to make concessions, the Chinese - not to start military operations and not to make provocations and Russian Foreign Ministry – in the importance and significance of the committed actions. The experience, determination, fortitude and authority provided success to Russian mission in Urga, and the protection of Russian eastern borders in the next few decades.

    20. Provincia del Guavio ya tiene una visión 2020

      OpenAIRE

      Universidad del Rosario, Programa de Divulgación Científica; Universidad del Rosario, Facultad de Administración

      2010-01-01

      La provincia del Guavio, con la ayuda de un grupo de investigadores del Centro de Estudios Empresariales para la Perdurabilidad de la Universidad del Rosario, elaboró unos posibles escenarios enfocados en buscar el desarrollo de la provincia. El estudio se realizó a través de la aplicación de Prospectiva Estratégica. Los escenarios contemplados son diez años más sin desarrollo, el camino al desarrollo sostenible, una empresa sin vías, la naturaleza sin empresa y responsabili...

    1. Wireless real-time haze monitoring device | Ya'acob | Journal of ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      controller to control the transmission process of measured data taken via wireless data network to the MySQL database. The reading, which is real-time reading and more accurate compared to pollutant PM10, can provide haze awareness and guidance to people to plan their activities. Keywords: PSI; PM10; PM2.5; ...

    2. Bilgiyi Derinleştirmek ya da Bilgiye Kalite Kazandırmak

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. Tayfun Gülle

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available The editorial discusses Secure Internet Law which has taken affect on 22 November, 2011 in Turkey and some hesitations shared with the readers because limitations of access to information of citizens. Also sharing the hesitations about the governance principle of contemporary democracy.

    3. Eşkıya, Devlet ve Siyaset: Maraş Eyâleti Örneğinde Bazı Aşiret, Cemaat ve Taifelerin Eşkıyalık Faaliyetleri ve Bunların Merkez-Taşra Yazışmalarındaki Yansımaları (1590-1750 Bandits, State and Politics: Banditry Activities of Some Tribal, Community And Tribal People and Their Reflections in Central-Provincial Correspondance in the Province of Maraş, C. 1590-1750s

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Süleyman DEMİRCİ

      2012-09-01

      ımaları ile Merkezi hükümetin eşkıyalık faaliyetlerine yaklaşımını mevcut literatürü ile birlikte ele alıp incelemektedir. 16. Yüzyılın son çeyreğinde Osmanlı Devleti kendisi için masraflı olan doğuda Iran (1578-1590 ve batıda Avusturya-Macaristan (1593-1606 ile iki cephede uzun süren savaşlar ile meşgul oldu. Bu süre boyunca Osmanlı hükümeti savaş giderlerini karşılamada çok büyük ve daha önceleri görülmemiş bir mali sıkıntı yaşadı. Bu durum daha başka önemli olaylar ile birleşince merkezi hükümetin maliyesini olumsuz yönde etkiledi. Bu olayların ilki nüfus baskısı ve kırsal alanlardaki yerleşik halkın büyük oranda sergilediği hareketliliğin zirai üretimi, güvenliği ve buna bağlı olarak vergilerin toplanmasını olumsuz yönde etkilemesi oldu. Bu çalışmanın amacı Osmanlı merkezi hükümetince taşrada meydana gelen eşkıyalık faaliyetlerine yönelik takip edilen siyaseti Maraş Eyâleti örneğinde inceleyerek merkezi hükümetin eşkıya ve eşkıyalık faaliyetlerinde bulunanlara yönelik genel yaklaşımlarını örneklemelerle ortaya koyarak incelemeye esas zaman dilimindeki Osmanlı toplumsal ve sosyal hayatı hakkında fikir edinmemize yardımcı olmaktır.

    4. Yaşlı Tüketiciler ve Yaşlı Tüketicilerin Harcama Eğilimlerinin Belirlenmesine Yönelik Bir Araştırma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mehmet MARANGOZ

      2006-01-01

      Full Text Available Elderly population has been increasing in the World and in Turkey due to such factors as low rate of population growth, advances in health sector, low death rate, and increase in average life span. Target consumer mass of businesses is changing in accordance with the increase in elderly population. Business managers have to well foresight and well understand this change. The issue has not been sufficiently analyzed yet in Turkey whereas comprehensive studies have been conducted about elderly market segment in the USA and in Europe.In this study, a survey was conducted on 350 people in order to find out the elderly consumers’ propensity to consume and data was analyzed via SPSS software program. The results of the study indicate that the most important feature that consumers want see on a product or a service is reliability. Consumers give priority to health related products and services. Findings also indicate that the priority that elderly consumers give to product and service groups vary across demographics.

    5. FOLK TALES FROM THE PEN OF ZĐYA GÖKALP: AN IDEOLOGUE AND POET / “İDEOLOG”1 - SAİR ZİYA GÖKALP’İN KALEMİNDEN MASALLAR

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Prof. Dr. Alev SINAR UĞURLU

      2009-01-01

      Full Text Available When he was a small child, Ziya Gökalp wasinterested in folk tales and stories, and later as aresearcher, he realized that this tradition was animportant and rich resource. While inculcating the ideaof Turkism, he particularly uses this resource. During theyears Gökalp wrote the tales in verse or prose (1911-1922, the Turkish nation was showing resistance againstbeing eliminated from the page of history and strugglingto survive. However, it was impossible to surmount thisstruggle with the old life style and to continue to live bypreserving the old customs. It was necessary to adopt anew life style. And the principles of this new life wereincluded in Turkism, the most popular ideology of theperiod. This ideology aimed at the syntesis of hars(national culture and civilization. Benefited especiallyfrom the folk tales while telling about the new life, ZiyaGökalp both gave the folk tales forgotten by the Turkishliterature experiencing the periods of Tanzimat, Servet-iFünûn and Fecr-i Âti their reputation back and indicatedthe way toward the synthesis of hars (national cultureand civilization by inculcating new ideas through folktales, a class of literature, as well. In this study, we willshow how the ideologue-poet used the folk tale, a class offolk literature.

    6. Cuando una acción ya no es necesaria: La importancia de la inhibición

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ignacio Obeso

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available funciones ejecutivas, inhibición, Parkinson.La inhibición conductual, la capacidad de detener acciones en curso, es una función importante para lasupervivencia humana. Esta capacidad está alterada en diversas enfermedades, como la enfermedad deParkinson. donde se observa una mayor dificultad para inhibir acciones. Datos recientes ayudan a aclarar elsustrato neural de una función tan importante como la inhibición.

    7. A little "dab" will do ya' in: a case report of neuro-and cardiotoxicity following use of cannabis concentrates.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Rickner, Shannon S; Cao, Dazhe; Kleinschmidt, Kurt; Fleming, Steven

      2017-11-01

      The use of marijuana and cannabis concentrates is increasing, especially following decriminalization in several states. Psychosis and cardiotoxicity have been reported following cannabis use; however, myocardial injury from "dabbing" has not yet been reported. We report a case of hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, severe agitation, neuro-, and cardiotoxicity following the use of "dabs" where there is concomitant confirmatory biological and sample testing. A 17-year-old athletic man developed agitation requiring sedation and intubation for safety, with peak systolic blood pressures in the 190s and hyperthermia (to 102 °F). He developed elevated serum troponins with persistent tachycardia despite sedation and no clear non-intoxicant etiology. It was discovered that the patient had recently been "dabbing"; an exhaustive search of his home found a sample of the "dabs" which was analyzed along with a comprehensive urine drug screen by tandem liquid mass spectroscopy (t-LCMS) for confirmation. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has been increasingly associated with agitation and cardiotoxicity, while cannabidiol (CBD) has been associated with neuroprotective, inhibitory states. We propose that increasing concentrations of THC as well as THC:CBD ratios seen in cannabis concentrates such as "dabs" may cause agitation and end-organ damage through sympathomimetic and serotonergic pathways.

    8. De patrias y muertes ya vencidas. Las mujeres y la revolución de los cubanos

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Marlene Duprey

      2008-06-01

      Full Text Available Through the feminist debate proposed by constructivist theoretical currents, this essay suggests that the pronouncements of Cuban women who developed a critical reflection of the deplorable social conditions in Cuba before the 1959 socialist revolution, are similar to the criticisms that some women’s organizations are elaborating at the present time. This article shows that after 45 years of the Cuban Revolution, the social precarity of many women can be seen as a counter argument within Cuban society. The research for this article is based on the reading of primary sources such as the journal “Mujeres Cubanas”, speeches of Vilma Espín, and Ofelia Acosta in addition to memoires, speeches and other documents collected by Dra. Lynn Stoner. These documents are found in the Centro de Investigaciones Históricas at the Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras.//A partir del debate feminista abierto por las corrientes teóricas de corte construccionista, este ensayo propone que los discursos de mujeres cubanas que elaboraron una crítica a las deplorables condiciones sociales de Cuban antes de la revolución socialista del 1959 son similares a la crítica que ciertos sectores de mujeres elaboran actualmente. Señalamos que, a poco más de cuarenta y cinco años de la Revolución cubana, la precariedad social de muchas mujeres puede ser un referente para un contradiscurso dentro de la sociedad cubana. La investigación se centra en una lectura de fuentes de primera mano como la revista Mujeres cubanas, conferencia de Vilma Espín, Ofelia Acosta, y memorias, entre otros discursos y documentos recopilados por la doctora Lynn Stoner. Dicha colección Stoner se encuentra en el Centro de Investigaciones Históricas de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras.

    9. Application fo tunneling and atomic force detection to machines and scientific instruments. Tunnel gensho ya genshikan no mechatronics eno oyo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kawakatsu, H. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science)

      1991-11-01

      It is now about ten years since the scanning tunnel microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM) were invented. These microscopes are used very importantly today as a surface analyzer capable of atomic order analysis for their very high resolution. The STM and AFM obtain images of atomic orders by means of mechanical scanning of the probes. This means that the microscopes can control positioning, force detection and displacement in regions of sub-nanometer orders. Examples of researches may include detection of acceleration, length measurement, positioning, force detection, nano-tripology, processing and gravitational wave detection. As described above, this paper notes the researches derived from the operational principles of the STM and AFM, rather than the researches on the observation objects. The great diversity of the researches taken up and the greatness in the number of researches in the STM and AFM gather how superbly germinative these were. 34 refs.

    10. Polymer-based matrix composites in general industries. Ippan sangyo bun'ya ni okeru kobunshiki fukugo zairyo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kenmochi, K. (National Institute of Materials and Chemical Research, Tsukuba (Japan))

      1994-02-15

      This paper summarizes the course of development of polymer-based matrix composites (PMC) begun in the 1950's, their future problems, and prospects. Because of PMC being a petroleum product, the changing period before and after the first and second oil crises (1974-1983) has seen even a negative growth from the declined product price out of increased material cost. However, the materials have been continuing expansion in such applications year after year for two decades since then as plant, marine vessel, and housing materials. The course of their development to date has included such proliferation impeding factors as unproved reliability, high production cost, and legal regulations because of being new materials. However, the ardent technical development efforts having produced a number of products including hybrid FRP, particularly the fundamental technology development studies sponsored by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, have improved properties and reliability and contributed largely to expanding practical applications. Sought in different functions expected in PMC in the future would be application of bionic designs, transfer from functional quality to sensitive quality, and development of material recycling techniques. 8 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

    11. Application of membrane technology to food industry; Shokuhin kogyo bun'ya ni okeru maku riyo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Kamata, T.; Nakajima, M. [Univ. of Tsukuba, Tsukuba (Japan)

      2000-08-05

      In the food industry, the membrane technologies are used practically for concentration of fruit juice and milk, etc. as reverse osmosis, for decolorization and desalination of liquid seasoning as nanofiltration, for bacteria elimination, etc. as micro-filtration, for recovery and purification of the protein as ultra-filtration, and for kitchen salt manufacturing and desalination as electrodialysis. In this paper, the state of utilization of membranes and the trend of recent research and development in the food industry are described. At first, a utilization of membranes in the dairy industry field, the fruit juice processing field, the alcoholic beverage field, the seasoning field, the honey purification field, the protein field and the fats and oils processing field are described. Next, as a film emulsification technology, a preparing process of W/O emulsion in which the pressurized water phase is penetrated through a hydrophobic membrane into the oil phase of the opposite side, and a preparing process of W/O emulsion in which the pressurized oil phase is penetrated through a hydrophilic film are described. The emulsification technology using the micro-channel made of the silicon chip, which is developed by the author is introduced. (NEDO)

    12. ¿Puede demandarse el Divorcio, cuando ya se ha debatido y resuelto judicialmente la Separación Judicial?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Jorge Baraona González

      2005-01-01

      Full Text Available El presente trabajo se plantea el efecto que tiene una sentencia que se ha pronunciado sobre una separación judicial en la nueva Ley de Matrimonio Civil, de cara a la posibilidad de iniciar, fundado en los mismos hechos, un juicio de divorcio. El autor concluye que la sentencia judicial que decreta la separación tiene un efecto preclusivo sobre la futura acción de divorcio intentada por los mismos hechos. En el artículo se revisa la historia de la de aprobación de las normas y se analiza el panorama en derecho comparado, en países en que existe tanto separación como.This paper examines the effect of a judicial resolution that has accepted the separation, according to the new Ley de Matrimonio Civil, in relation with the possibility to begin a divorce trial in the future, pleading the same facts. The author concludes that the judicial resolution has precluded the divorce action supported in the same facts. The paper offers the approving history of the Act and a comparative law survey, in the countries that have in their marriage law, separation and divorce.

    13. The Rhythm's Gonna Get Ya'--Background Music in Primary Classrooms and Its Effect on Behaviour and Attainment

      Science.gov (United States)

      Bloor, Andrew J.

      2009-01-01

      Three classes in different primary schools in a west London borough were given four tests, two with music and two with silence, to see if the music had a measurable effect on the behaviour and attainment of the children during tests. The results were then cross-referenced with the children's self-evaluation of their own musicality to ascertain if…

    14. Lo Peor ya ocurrió. Categorías del Postapocalipsis hispanoamericano: Alejandro Morales y Marcelo Cohen

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Amanda Salvioni

      2013-06-01

      Full Text Available The Apocalyptic Latin American Literature and its success at the turn of the millenium could be analysed by two principal points of view: as the consequence of postmodern thought, that criticizes the traditional ìsense of an endingî in terms of the collapse of all the others Grand Narratives; or as a sort of dissident discourse about globalization, in order to criticize the industrial development, the urbanization and the environmental damage in Latin America. This article focuses on both critical perspectives to examine the novel of the chicano writer Alejandro Morales, The Ragg Doll Plagues, and the nouvelle of the argentinian Marcelo Cohen, Impureza, like different examples of dystopian and postapocalyptic contemporary narrative.

    15. El Movimiento de Salud de los Pueblos: salud para todos ya The People's Health Movement: health for all now

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Miguel San Sebastián

      2005-07-01

      Full Text Available We are moving away from the year 2000, and the goal of "health for all" remains distant. Economic globalization, which many consider to be one of the most serious threats to health, moves ahead, along with globalization of international health policies. A small number of powerful actors are in charge of setting the agenda, and they relegate to an inferior position the World Health Organization, which has moved away from the goal of "health for all." All of this has helped to promote a neoliberal mentality in the field of health. The People's Health Movement was created with the objective of reestablishing the right to comprehensive health and to development with equity as principal priorities of health policies at the local, national, and international levels. The People's Health Movement uses as a strategy the People's Charter for Health, which was approved at the first People's Health Assembly, which was held in Bangladesh in 2000. The Charter expresses collective concerns and the belief in a better and healthier world as a meeting point in order to promote a world health movement and a call for radical action. In July 2005 the People's Health Movement will hold the People's Health Assembly 2, in the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. The slogan of that meeting will be "The voices of the earth are calling!-let's build a healthy world." Among the topics that will be examined at the meeting are: health as a fundamental human right; militarization and occupation; environmental degradation; emerging and reemerging pandemics; equity, poverty, and health; the importance of cultural diversity; social and political violence; health in the hands of the people; health at work; traditional medicine and bioenergetic medicine; gender; and health sector reform. The objective of the People's Health Movement is to help to reach the Millennium Development Goals and to smooth the path toward attaining health for all, in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as in the rest of the world.

    16. Connection between types of learning by P.Ya. Galperin with kinds of thinking in school students

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ilya I. Ilyasov

      2017-09-01

      Full Text Available In order to determine the correlational relations mentioned in the title here above, a number of experiments with school students have been carried out. They included knowledge instruction on the basis of Galperin’s types of learning on three school subjects (history, biology, geometry; checking the level of logical thinking by means of solving a number of tasks that include basic logical operations such as categorization, generalization, classification, deductive conclusions, finding of analogies and equalizing of variables; estimation of the development level of abilities for searching solutions of insight problems by the results of solving five such problems taken from the set of tasks used in researches on creative thinking; appraisal of the development level of creativity by using the subtest “sketches” in Guilford’s technique. The sample included 132 school students of the 7th grades from Yekaterinburg schools, Russia. The obtained data were processed statistically using Pearson and Spearman coefficients. Concerning the correlations studied, the following results have been received. The effectiveness of 1st type of learning is strongly connected with the development of logical thinking (r=0,54, is moderately connected with the ability to solve convergent problems (r=0,34 and is not connected with the ability to solve creative divergent tasks. The effectiveness of 2nd type of learning is connected with the level of logical operations development (r=0,29 for facts and r=0,57 for proofs and is not connected with the ability to solve convergent and divergent problems. The effectiveness of the 3rd type of learning does not deal with solving convergent tasks, is hardly connected with flexibility (r=0,25 and ingenuity (r=0,21 of solving creative tasks, and even less the 2nd type of learning is connected with logical development when logically complex knowledge is assumed (r=0,48. The established ties give grounds to suggest that the use of the 1st type of learning should develop the abilities for solving insight problems and should not develop creativity in course of instruction, the 2nd type of learning has potential of logical operations development; the 3rd type of learning can contribute to logical operations development and is partially to raise creative potential and can hardly promote abilities for solving insight problems.

    17. İmmobilizasyon ve basıya bağlı gelişen rabdomiyoliz olgusu

      OpenAIRE

      Apa, Hurşit; Bayram, Meral Torun; Ağın, Hasan; Dizdarer, Ceyhun

      2014-01-01

      To the Editor Rhabdomyolysis is a complex clinical picture characterized by damage to skeletal muscles participation of intracellular elements in the systemic circulation and clinical and laboratory findings which develop in relation 1 Rhabdomyolysis has traumatic and non traumatic causes Traumatic causes include earthquakes traffic and mine accidents electric shock excessive exercise and staying in certain positions for a long time In the pathogenesis of rhabdomyolysis related to traumatic c...

    18. 'Ya la comedia es un mapa': Cervantes y la teatralización del espacio geográfico

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Jörg Dünne

      2012-08-01

      Full Text Available The article is concerned with an analysis of how the Spanish Golden Age comedy and the staging of geographical space are related. The example of a "comedia de santos" by Miguel de Cervantes, El Rufián dichoso, will show that its author, like Shakespeare or Lope de Vega, introduces a predominantly geographical meaning into the traditional topos of the theatrum mundi; moreover, he uses the theatre scene and maps for constituting other spaces that cannot be visualized directly and that might be called "metageographical" spaces. Thus, Baroque literature opens the way for a new technique of spatial imaginationEl artículo se propone analizar la relación entre la comedia española del Siglo de Oro y la puesta en escena del espacio geográfico. Al ejemplo de una "comedia de santos" de Miguel de Cervantes, El Rufián dichoso, quisiéramos mostrar, que su autor, como Shakespeare o Lope de Vega, introduce una significación prioritariamente geográfica en el topos tradicional del theatrum mundi; pero además utiliza la escena y los mapas para constituir otros espacios que no pueden ser visualizados directamente y que uno podría llamar espacios "metageográficos". Así, la literatura barroca da lugar a una nueva técnica de la imaginación espacial

    19. No, no Maama! say "shaatir ya ouledee shaatir"!" : Children's agency and creativity in language use and socialisation

      OpenAIRE

      Said, Fatma; Hua, Zhu

      2017-01-01

      Abstract Aims and objectives: This paper investigates how children in multilingual and transnational families mobilise their multiple and developing linguistic repertoires creatively to assert their agency in language use and socialisation, and why these acts of agency are conducive to successful maintenance of the so-called “home”, “community” or “minority” language. Methodology: Close, qualitative analysis of mealtime multiparty conversations is carried out to examine children’s agency in l...

    20. Lindgren-Turan metodu ile halluks valgus cerrahisi uygulanan hastaların yaşam kalitesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Erhan Şükür

      2012-12-01

      Full Text Available Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate thechanges in health-related life quality via EQ-5D surveyin patients with hallux valgus deformity who were treatedwith Lindgren-Turan method.Materials and methods: Totally 60 patients (30 patientsin Stockholm and 30 patients in Istanbul with halluxvalgus deformity who were treated with Lindgren-Turanmethod were included in the study. The health-related lifequality levels were preoperatively and postoperatively recordedand compared for all patients via EQ-5D surveyand changes were noted. Visual analogue scale (VASwas used to evaluate the patient’s response to the questionof how much healthy they feel. Radiological parameterswere not taken into account in the course of lifequality comparison.Results: Pain and discomfort were found to be the mostcommon complaints (87% among the patients in the preoperativeperiod which were followed by restricted motioncaused by the deformity and difficulty in daily activities(60%. VAS score were significantly much worse in Turkishpatients in the preoperative period. All parameters, includingespecially daily personal care and hygiene, weresignificantly improved postoperatively. VAS score whichwas questioning the general health status of the patientswas also increased significantly (p<0.01.Conclusions: Lindgren-Turan method for the surgicaltreatment of hallux valgus provides a significant recoveryin patient’s health-related life quality. J Clin Exp Invest2012; 3(4: 510-513Key words: Health, life quality, outpatient surgery, halluxvalgus

    1. Zeytin Yağı Yan Ürünlerinin Ruminant Beslemede Kullanım

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mustafa Boga

      2014-04-01

      Full Text Available Günümüzde hayvanların besin madde gereksinmelerinin tam olarak karşılanamaması, yemlerin maliyetlerinden dolayı büyük bir sorun olarak görülmektedir. Bu durum, hayvan beslemede daha ekonomik yemlemenin sağlanabilmesi için üreticinin alternatif yem hammaddelerine yönelmesine sebep olmaktadır. Zeytin cenneti olarak görülen Türkiye koşullarında, zeytinyağı elde edilirken arta kalan zeytin küspeleri (pirina ve karasu zararlı atık olarak çevrede koku, yer altı sularının kirletilmesi, ortamda sinek oluşumu ve görüntü kirliliğine sebep olmaktadır. Bu atıklardan pirina yakıt olarak son yıllarda yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır. Ancak pirina ve karasunun yüksek besin madde içeriğine sahip olması bu ürünlerin hayvan beslemede alternatif yem ham maddesi olarak kullanılabileceğini düşündürmektedir. Bu derlemede, pirina ve karasuyun hayvan beslemedeki önemi ve kullanımı üzerinde durulacaktır.

    2. Sensitivity of the 252Cf(sf neutron observables to the FREYA input yield functions Y(A, Z, TKE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Randrup Jørgen

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available Within the framework of the fission event generator FREYA, we are studying the sensitivity of various neutron observables to the yield distribution Y (A,Z,TKE used as input to the code. Concentrating on spontaneous fission of 252Cf, we have sampled a large number of different input yield functions based on χ2 fits to the experimental data on Y (A and Y (TKE|A. For each of these input yield distributions, we then use FREYA to generate a large sample of complete fission events from which we extract a variety of neutron observables, including the multiplicity distribution, the associated correlation coefficients, and its factorial moments, the dependence of the mean neutron multiplicity on the total fragment kinetic energy TKE and on the fragment mass number A, the neutron energy spectrum, and the two-neutron angular correlation function. In this way, we can determine the variation of these observables resulting from the uncertainties in the experimental mesurements. The imposition of a constraint on the resulting mean neutron multiplicity reduces the variation of the calculated neutron observables and provides a means for shrinking the uncertainties associated with the measured data.

    3. Sensitivity of the 252Cf(sf) neutron observables to the FREYA input yield functions Y(A, Z, TKE)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Randrup, Jørgen; Talou, Patrick; Vogt, Ramona

      2017-09-01

      Within the framework of the fission event generator FREYA, we are studying the sensitivity of various neutron observables to the yield distribution Y (A,Z,TKE) used as input to the code. Concentrating on spontaneous fission of 252Cf, we have sampled a large number of different input yield functions based on χ2 fits to the experimental data on Y (A) and Y (TKE|A). For each of these input yield distributions, we then use FREYA to generate a large sample of complete fission events from which we extract a variety of neutron observables, including the multiplicity distribution, the associated correlation coefficients, and its factorial moments, the dependence of the mean neutron multiplicity on the total fragment kinetic energy TKE and on the fragment mass number A, the neutron energy spectrum, and the two-neutron angular correlation function. In this way, we can determine the variation of these observables resulting from the uncertainties in the experimental mesurements. The imposition of a constraint on the resulting mean neutron multiplicity reduces the variation of the calculated neutron observables and provides a means for shrinking the uncertainties associated with the measured data.

    4. La televisión ya no es la que era…...: una perspectiva desde España

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Carmen Peñafiel

      2005-01-01

      Full Text Available La televisión actual se transforma y, al final del camino, el nuevo modelo cambia las formas, los equipos y los contenidos; pero lo más importante de la televisión futura es la innovación en los hábitos y en los comportamientos de la audiencia. La interactividad será la puerta que abra la ventana a la televisión del futuro. En España comienzan a darse importantes pasos para que la ‘caja lista’ se haga realidad. El referente/protagonista será el nuevo espectador, entendido como el verdadero agente activo de un medio que competirá denodadamente por lograr la fidelidad de los usuarios, conforme avance la transformación presente.

    5. “No es una crisis, es que ya no te quiero". Humor y protesta en el movimiento 15M

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Romanos, Eduardo

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available This article explores the relationship between humor and protest through a study of the strategic use of humor in the Spanish indignados movement. By focusing on four forms of communication (placards, performances, internal documents and Internet communications in Madrid in 2011, the article assesses the subversive potential of humor in the communication of demands, the internal organization of the movement, the recruitment of potential activists and the construction of a collective identity. At the theoretical level, the article draws attention to the benefits that arise from combining an expressive focus in the analysis of humor with another which sees this as an instrumental action of those involved. Results show that the Spanish indignados were to a large degree aware of a number of benefits associated with the use of humor that went beyond having fun and, therefore, organized several activities in order to obtain these benefits.Este artículo explora la relación entre humor y protesta a través del estudio de la utilización estratégica del humor en el movimiento 15M en Madrid en 2011. El análisis de diversas plataformas (carteles, performances, documentos internos y comunicación en internet sirve para evaluar el potencial subversivo del humor en relación con la comunicación de reivindicaciones, la organización interna del movimiento, el reclutamiento de activistas y la construcción de identidad colectiva. A nivel teórico, el artículo subraya las ventajas de combinar un enfoque expresivo con otro que entienda el humor como una acción instrumental de los participantes. Los resultados muestran cómo los activistas fueron en buena medida conscientes de una serie de beneficios asociados a la utilización del humor que iban más allá de la propia acción de divertirse y, en consecuencia, organizaron diversas iniciativas con el objetivo de alcanzar esos beneficios.

    6. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

      OpenAIRE

      Tunçay Son, Güzin Yasemin; Bulut, Meryem

      2016-01-01

      Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. According...

    7. Yaşar Yakiş: see on Kairo 2011, mitte Teheran 1979 / intervjueerinud Priit Simson

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Yakiş, Yaşar

      2011-01-01

      Intervjuu Türgi endise peaministri ja Egiptuse-suursaadikuga Egiptuse rahutuste taustast, president Hosni Mubarakist, asepresident Omar Suleimanist, Muslimi Vennaskonnast, sõjaväe positisioonist Egiptuses. Tema arvates on Egiptus jõudnud punkti, kust tagasipöördumist ei ole, kuid see uus ei tarvitse muutuda vastupidiseks võrreldes praeguse režiimiga

    8. Long-term variations of polar mesospheric summer echoes observed at Andøya (69°N)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Latteck, R.; Bremer, J.

      2017-10-01

      Polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE) are strong radar signals received at very high radar frequencies at altitudes between about 80 and 95 km at polar latitudes during summer. PMSE are caused by inhomogeneities in the electron density of the radar Bragg scale within the plasma of the cold summer mesopause region in the presence of negatively charged ice particles. Therefore, the occurrence of PMSE depends on the ionisation due to solar wave radiation and precipitating high energetic particle fluxes but also contains information about mesospheric temperature and water vapour content. Long-time observations of these echoes can be used to conclude on long-term changes of these atmospheric parameters. Continuous observations of PMSE have been carried out on the North-Norwegian island And/oya (69.3°N, 16.0°E) using the ALOMAR SOUSY radar (1994-1997), the ALWIN VHF radar (1999-2008) and the Middle Atmosphere Alomar Radar System MAARSY (since 2011). Since both the ALWIN radar and MAARSY are calibrated systems, the received echo strength of PMSE from 17 years of mesospheric observations (1999-2016) could be converted into absolute signal power. This data series could be extended to the years 1994 until 1997 on the basis of signal-to-noise ratio values derived during the years between 1994 and 2008. Seasonal mean values of PMSE occurrence for the time period from 1 June until 31 July have been derived and the resulting 23 years long data set was analyzed in dependence on solar and geomagnetic activity as well as analyzed for long-term trends. The PMSE occurrence rate is positively correlated with the solar Lyman α radiation (however low significance level) and the geomagnetic Ap index. After elimination of the solar and geomagnetically induced parts using different regression analysis methods, the PMSE data show a significant (χ = 92%-97%) positive trend during the observation period 1994 until 2016.

    9. Modalidad contrautópica y subjetividad cívica en "Una sombra ya pronto serás" de Osvaldo Soriano

      OpenAIRE

      Cristián Montes

      2016-01-01

      El presente artículo intenta actualizar una lectura coherente de la novela Cocuyo. Para esto, se ha trabajado con la idea de matriz propuesta por Michael Riffaterre, y de mundo posible de Tomás Albaladejo Mayordomo. Ambas teorías permiten dar cuenta del problema de la identidad desde ángulos complementarios y a partir del motivo del viaje. De este modo puede apreciarse que la matriz propuesta es desplegada en los diversos submundos textuales los cuales, a su vez, develan la imagen de mundo y ...

    10. Yumurta Tavuğu Karma Yemlerine İlave Edilen Bazı Esansiyel Yağların Performans ve Yumurta Kalitesine Etkisi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mehmet Ziya KARAKULLUKÇU

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Effect of Some Essential Oil Supplementation to Laying Hen Diet on Performance and Egg Quality This study aimed to determine the effects of adding myrtus (Myrtus communis L. leaf oil and vitex (Vitex agnus-castus oil in laying hen diet on performance parameters such as live weight, egg production, feed intake, feed efficiency and the internal and the external of egg quality. In the study, a total of 80 white laying hens aged 30 weeks, assigned to 4 groups with 10 replicates. Control group was fed with basal diet. The treatment groups were fed with the diets supplemented 2 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil, 2 ml/kg of vitex oil and 1 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil + 1 ml/kg of vitex oil were added to treatment groups feed respectively. In the study, 28.61% of α-pinene and 46.32% of 1.8-cineole were identified in myrtus leaf oil and 13.22% of α-pinene, 14.03% of sabinene and 26.14% of 1.8-cineole were identified as significant active compounds of vitex oil. Supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil alone and mix to laying hens diet did not affect body weight, feed intake, egg production and feed efficiency. Egg specific gravity was decreased significantly in group including vitex oil (P0.05. Egg yolk color decreased by mix supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil to diet (P≤0.001, but no change was determined by supplementation of these oils as alone (P>0.05. Consequently, it was determined that supplementation as alone or mix of myrtus and vitex volatile oil to the laying hen diet did not affect production performance and internal and external quality of the egg, except for egg specific gravity and yolk color during the peak egg production period.

    11. Three Capital and a Nahiya from XVth Century to XXth Century: A Case Study on the Nahıya of Yomra

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yücel DURSUN

      2016-12-01

      Full Text Available Under the Ottoman rule, the Nahiya of Yomra has an interesting administrative history with its three different capitals. When compared with other kazas and nahiyes in the Trabzon Province, this situation demonstrates a changeable character and is underresearched. On the other hand, the reasons pointing to developments in similar settlements can easily be interpreted in line with the changes in these capitals. Therefore, all capitals of the nahiya are the topic of the article. The aim of the study is to respond two different questions arising from these developments. These questions are to find out the real location of the capitals in the Nahiya of Yomra and reasons affecting the choice and the changes of these capitals in the historical process. Firstly, the attempt to determine the location of the real capital of nahiya in the XVth -XVIIth centuries revealed that Arsen, rather than Durana or Kovata, was the capital of the nahiya. Secondly, the process of changes in capitals- from Arsen to Durana then to Kovata and again to Durana- was examined analytically by discussing the reasons of the process. For this purpose, a comprehensive series of historical sources belonging from the middle of the XVth century to XIXth century were used and the impact of the parameters such as port, market as well as other different factors on choosing the capital was investigated by taking- the developments in other capitals in the Trabzon Province into consideration.

    12. Web Tabanlı Öğretim Yönteminin Turizm Eğitiminde Akademik Başarıya Etkisi

      OpenAIRE

      Köksalan, Bahadır; Sevindik, Tuncay; Olcay, Atınç

      2011-01-01

      Bu araştırmanın amacı, web tabanlı öğretim yönteminin turizm eğitimi alan yükseköğretim öğrencilerinin akademik başarısına etkisini belirlemektir. Araştırma, 2009-2010 akademik yılı güz döneminde Gaziantep il merkezinde bulunan Gaziantep Üniversitesi Turizm ve Otelcilik Meslek Yüksekokulu Turizm ve Seyahat İşletmeciliği Programı ile Turizm ve Otel İşletmeciliği Programında öğrenim gören toplam 50 (25 deney grubu, 25 kontrol grubu) öğrenci üzerinde yapılmıştır. Araştırma öntest-sontest ve dene...

    13. Béne wha lhall, béne lo ya'a : identidad y etnicidad en la sierra norte Zapoteca de Oaxaca

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      Ríos Morales, Manuel de Jesús

      2011-01-01

      The aim of this doctoral thesis is to contribute to a better understanding of the issue of ethnic identity of the Zapotecs in the Sierra Norte of the Mexican State of Oaxaca, and to contribute to an indigenous criticism aiming at decolonizing cultural memories and social realities in México and the

    14. Isparta bölgesinde selekte edilen badem (prunus amygdalus batsch.) genotiplerinin bazı kimyasal özellikleri ve yağ asitleri kompozisyonları1

      OpenAIRE

      Yıldırım, Adnan; Koyuncu, Fatma; Tekintaş, Ekmel; Yıldırım, Fatma Akıncı

      2008-01-01

      Bu arastırmada, Isparta yöresinde selekte edilen 14 badem (Prunus amygdalus Batsch.) genotipinin bazı kimyasal özellikleri ve yag asitleri kompozisyonunu belirlemek amacıyla yürütülmüstür. Arastırmada, genotiplerin toplam yag oranı % 44.25 ile (ISP 298) - 55.68 (ISP 129); protein oranı % 21.23 (ISP 66) - 35.27 (ISP 298); kül oranı % 2.75 (ISP 66) - 3.81 (ISP 129); nem oranı % 3.41 (ISP 127) - 4.52 (ISP 59); palmitik asit oranı % 6.18 (ISP 241) - 8.33 (ISP 127); palmitoleik asit or...

    15. Elazığ, Keban Yöresinde Yaşayan Salyangoz (Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758'da Endohelmintlerin Araştırılması.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Naim Sağlam

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada Elazığ, Keban yöresinden toplanan 20 adet salyangoz (Helix lucorum endohelmint yönünden incelendi. Yapılan parazitolojik muayene sonucunda salyangozların bağırsağında Paragonimus sp. (Trematoda; Digenea ve Protostrogylus sp. (Nematoda; Metastrongyloidea belirlendi. Paragonimus sp.’nin bolluğu (abundance % 20, yaygınlığı (prevalance % 5 ve ortalama yoğunluk (mean intensity 4 parazit/ salyangoz olarak, Protostrogylus sp.’nin bolluğu % 30, yaygınlığı % 5 ve ortalama yoğunluk ise 6 parazit/ salyangoz olarak tespit edildi. Her iki parazitin de ergin olmayıp salyangozu arakonakçı olarak kullandığı belirlendi

    16. Ya se dispone de antirretrovíricos contra el VIH y el sida: ¿Es necesaria ahora la prevención?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Peter Aggleton

      2000-03-01

      Full Text Available New antiretroviral agents have radically changed the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS. In many patients, this treatment has produced substantial improvement, as well as marked reductions in circulating viral particles. Furthermore, there has been a decrease in mortality from AIDS complications resulting from the use of very active retroviral therapy (VART. A source of concern, however, is the current perception that the disease, though not yet curable, can be successfully treated with this new therapy, since this notion could be changing the public's attitude toward the continued need for preventive measures.

    17. Kamboçya Çayından İzole Edilen Mayaların Antimikrobiyal Aktivitelerinin İncelenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sibel Şafak

      2015-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, Kombucha çayından 15 adet maya izole edilmiştir. İdentifikasyon sonuçlan bunların Saccharomyces cerevisiae (8, Candida krusei (2, Kloeckera apiculata (2 ve Kluyveromyces africanus (1 olduğunu göstermiştir. Mayaların genel inhibisyon etkileri bazı kontaminant ve patojen bakteriler (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeroginosa ve Yersinia enterocolitica üzerinde ağar diffüzyon yöntemi ile belirlenmiştir. Araştırma sonuçları, mayaların S. aureus üzerinde değişik oranlarda inhibisyon etkilerinin olduğunu göstermiştir. Mayaların diğer test bakteriler üzerinde antimikrobiyal etki göstermedikleri tespit edilmiştir.

    18. Review of the Monograph: Seleznev Yu.V. Russkie knyaz’ya pri dvore khanov Zolotoy Ordy (Russian Princes at the Court of the Golden Horde Khans

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nesin M.A.

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available This article contains a review of the monograph by Yu.V. Seleznev published in early 2017 and dedicated to the relations of Russian princes with the Golden Horde’s khans and their status among the Golden Horde’s nobility. This work is the first comprehensive study in the historiography of this issue for all two and a half centuries of the Tartar domination. The monograph was published for the first time in 2013 and served as the basis for a doctoral dissertation, which Seleznev defended in 2015. The book was reprinted with certain changes in 2017. The book commendably contains an abundance of factual material through the use of diverse sources and strands of historiography. Seleznev examines the social terminology of Golden Horde-Russian relations, the structure of the Golden Horde’s nobility and the trips of princes to the Horde, drawing attention not only to the status of the great Vladimir and Moscow princes, but also that of other great and appanage princes. He makes a significant contribution to the resolving the debate regarding the nature of the Golden Horde’s domination in Rus’ by examining in detail the relationship of the Russian princes with the Golden Horde’s authorities in different years. The book’s author proposed to divide the Golden Horde’s “yoke” into seven periods characterized by “changes in the degree of sovereignty and jurisdiction of the khan in relation to Russian principalities”. The author of this review agrees with the main conclusions of the book under review, but at the same time he notes some reservations and criticisms, which do not, however, reduce the academic caliber of the monograph.

    19. School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Strøm, Ida Frugård; Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Dyb, Grete

      2016-01-01

      The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking. This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism, and school support amongst survivors of a terrorist attack in Norway. Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N=64) who successfully completed their 3-year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean differences and linear regression were used to compare the survivors' registered grades with the national grade point average, before and after the event, as well as to assess absenteeism, self-reported grades and to test the association with school support. The students' grades were lower the year after the event than they had been the year before, and they were also lower than the national grade point average (pschool, indicating possible recovery. Absence from school increased after the event, compared to the previous year. However, students reported high satisfaction with school support. The results indicate that academic functioning was reduced in the year after the traumatic event, but for students who successfully completed high school, the school situation improved 2 years after the event. The findings underscore the importance of keeping trauma-exposed students in school and providing support over time. A more defined educational approach to maintaining school attendance and educational measures which compensate for learning loss are needed in trauma-sensitive teaching.

    20. Keltlerin Anadolu'ya Göçü: Göç Nedenleri, Yolları ve İlk On Yıl

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mehmet Ali Kaya

      2012-01-01

      Full Text Available The ancient history of Turkey testified massive migrations, with intervals of a thousand years each. The first of these migrations occurred in last centuries of the Third millennium BC and the second migration towards the last two centuries of the second millennium BC. After about a thousand years from the latter, another massive migration, which composed the topic of my paper, spread to the areas of modern Balkan States. There are accounts relating to this migration in ancient literary sources written in Greek and Latin languages. A discussion referring to the ethnicities of these immigrants, will not be made because they were the first indigenous people and they are mentioned as Celts (Keltoi and Gauls (Galli by ancient Greeks and Romans respectively. A groups of them that passed to Anatolia, were especially mentioned as the Galatians in ancient literary sources. They settled northern Phrygia including the upper region of Halys (modern Kızılırmak, and later this area was named Galatia after the Galatians. Nevertheless accounts in ancient literary sources are inadequate or inconsistent with their deeds after passing to Anatolia, where they came from? Why and how they did? Which paths they used? The aim in this paper is to research the reason, developments and paths of the Celtic/Galatian migration, and their deeds after the migration by using literary sources and epigraphic, numismatic and modern studies.

    1. Las Sociedades que Utilizan las NIC/NIIF ya no Tienen que Reconciliar las Cifras Contables a US GAAP. ¿Está Justificada

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Juan Palomares Laguna

      2009-06-01

      Full Text Available Nuestro trabajo tiene como objetivo contrastar si la decisión de la SEC en base a la cual se permite no reconciliar el Patrimonio Neto (PN y el Resultado neto (RN, a las normas americanas, exclusivamente a las sociedades que utilizan las NIC/NIIF en sus estados primarios, está justificada o no. Nuestro estudio está referido al sector de las telecomunicaciones por lo que otros trabajos deberán en su caso contrastar si los resultados aquí obtenidos son extrapolables a otros sectores. Utilizando una muestra de sociedades pertenecientes al sector de las telecomunicaciones, analizaremos si las distancias con los US GAAP se reducen o no, una vez que éstas han migrado a las NIC/NIIF y si éstas diferencias son significativas. Podemos afirmar, de forma general, en base a los resultados obtenidos, que la migración a la normativa internacional ha supuesto un acercamiento con los US GAAP y que las diferencias no son significativas, aunque sí existen tipos de ajustes, como las combinaciones de negocios, que de por si solos introducen impactos significativos. Sin embargo, de forma transitoria, las sociedades recién migradas muestran una menor homogeneidad en el RN con los US GAAP.Por todo ello, consideramos acertada la decisión de la SEC, aunque futuras investigaciones deberán confirmar que las diferencias tienden a reducirse una vez que los efectos de la NIIF 1 se difuminan y que los avances previstos en la armonización de iure se trasladan a la armonización de facto.The aim of this paper is to test whether, the SEC’s decision to allow only companies using IFRS not to reconcile their Equity (E and Net Profit (NP to US GAAP is justified. Ourresearch is restricted to the telecommunications sector, and therefore, further research is needed to test whether our result are similar for other sectors. Using a sample of companies belonging to the telecommunications sector, we investigate whether the differences to US GAAP have been reduced after adopting IFRS, and whether these differences are significant. According to our results, the IFRS adoption process has reduced the existing gap to US GAAP. In general, our findings show no significant differences, although there are some specific adjustments, such as business combinations, where the differences were statistically significant. However, we find evidence that the IFRS adoption process has led to a temporary increase in the existing gap to US GAAP for the NP.Therefore, we consider that the SEC’s decision is appropriate. Future research is needed to confirm the tendency found in this study indicating that the differences are decreasing as the effects of the NIIF 1 fade away and that the expected advances in the iure harmonization move to the facto harmonization.

    2. Study of material stability surrounding with loess-clay-loam rocks on an example of 'Olviya' monument of Ukrainian Northern Prichernomor'ya

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Zlobenko, B.; Kadoshnikov, V.; Manichev, V.; Demchenko, L.; Golovko, T.; Krapivina, V.

      2000-01-01

      In this work we have examined the archaeological material exhumed from the archaeology monument Olviya. The ancient State Olviya is situated on the territory of Ukraine (Nikolaev region) and it is considered to be an integral part of the world historical legacy. The samples of glasses were collected from P-25 excavation. The collected glasses and metals dated by I-II centuries of our era. They are situated in the south-east part of the Upper State on the territory of the Rome times. Study with the facilitation of physical-chemical and physical methods of research of chemical structure and surface layers of materials. The various physical methods of samples investigation were the following: investigation with half-quantitative spectral analysis performed on spectrograph (CTE-1); X-ray powder diffraction with DRON-UM-1 diffractometers use, X-ray fluorescent analysis (spectrometer VPA-30) and the x-ray microanalysis (JXA-5). Carried out microscopic researches have revealed the specific forms of metals and glasses; corrosion and dissolution of the surface that character is determined by structure and physic-chemical conditions of its burial place. (authors)

    3. Ya no estás más a mi lado, corazón: estética Camp en América Latina

      OpenAIRE

      Hueso Fibla, Silvia

      2012-01-01

      Esta tesis doctoral consta de tres capítulos cuyo recorrido pretende ilustrar que la puerta de entrada a la Estética Camp pasa por una mirada diferente sobre los productos culturales de masas y que su puerta de salida en América Latina atraviesa la Estética Neobarroca; por tanto, el Camp resulta tanto física como conceptualmente central en el trabajo. Se inserta el análisis de tres novelas y una obra teatral para mostrar cuáles son los mecanismos que el Camp adopta en América Latina: Tengo mi...

    4. THE OPTATIVE SUFFIX -(yA AS AN EXAMPLE OF FREQUENCIAL COPYING SIKLIK KOPYASI ÖRNEĞİ OLARAK İSTEK EKİ –(yA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nurettin DEMİR

      2010-10-01

      Full Text Available The subjunctive marker of the West Turkic –(yA, developed from the future tense marker – GA- had gained a wide frequency of usage and functional extension in the Old Anatolian Turkish period. It was used in this period not only as a main clause predicator, but also as a relative clause predicator in the right branching sentences which are the Indo-European type. Upwards to the 16th century the frequency and functions of it began to decrease and in contemporary Turkish, it is nearly replaced by the other markers. Apparently, the cause of its increasing usage and functional extension was the semantic and frequential copying from the Persian. The topic of the following study is the reasons of arising and later disappearing of the subjunctive suffix –(yA. Gelecek zaman eki –GA’dan türediği varsayılan Batı Türkçesi istek eki –(yA, Eski Anadolu Türkçesi döneminde çok geniş bir kullanım sıklığı ve işlev alanı kazanmıştır. Söz konusu ek, bu dönemde yazılan metinlerde, sadece ana cümle yüklemlerinde değil, sağa dallanan bağımlı cümle yüklemlerinde de kullanılmıştır. 16. yüzyıldan itibarense ekin kullanımı gerilemiş ve günümüzde standart dilden neredeyse tamamen çekilmiştir. Ekin Eski Anadolu Türkçesi dönemindeki kullanım sıklığı ve işlev alanlarındaki genişlemenin arkasında büyük ihtimalle Farsçadan yapılmış anlam ve sıklık kopyası yatmaktadır. Çalışmada istek ekinin yaygın kullanılmasının ve sonra da ortadan kalkmasının nedenleri üzerinde durulacaktır.

    5. Expounding the mathematical seed volume 2 : the supplements : a translation of Bhāskara I on the mathematical chapter of the Āryabhatīya

      CERN Document Server

      Keller, Agathe

      2006-01-01

      In the 5th century the Indian mathematician Aryabhata (476-499) wrote a small but famous work on astronomy, the Aryabhatiya. This treatise, written in 118 verses, gives in its second chapter a summary of Hindu mathematics up to that time. Two hundred years later, an Indian astronomer called Bhaskara glossed this mathematial chapter of the Aryabhatiya. An english translation of Bhaskara's commentary and a mathematical supplement are presented in two volumes. Subjects treated in Bhaskara's commentary range from computing the volume of an equilateral tetrahedron to the interest on a loaned capital, from computations on series to an elaborate process to solve a Diophantine equation. This volume contains explanations for each verse commentary translated in Volume 1. These supplements discuss the linguistic and mathematical matters exposed by the commentator. Particularly helpful for readers are an appendix on Indian astronomy, elaborate glossaries, and an extensive bibliography.

    6. Batería de evaluación propioceptiva en personas con amputación transtibial, ya protetizadas-BEPAT

      OpenAIRE

      Catalina Benrey-Reyes; Rosa Eraso-Angulo; Diana Porras-Estrada; Nancy Stella Landínez-Parra

      2016-01-01

      Introducción. La amputación trae diversos cambios biomecánicos y estructurales que generan deficiencias en el balance, el equilibrio y la propiocepción. Asimismo, la alteración de la propiocepción afecta el componente corpóreo–espacial, el control postural y demás cualidades físicas, lo cual requiere un manejo específico desde la Fisioterapia. Esta investigación se realizó teniendo en cuenta su función como herramienta adecuada y eficaz dentro de la Fisioterapia, debido a la poca documentació...

    7. Yabani Hardal (Sinapsis arvensis L.) Tohumu ve Yağlarının Bazı Bileşim Özellikleri

      OpenAIRE

      Özcan, Musa; Akgül, Atilla; Bayrak, Ali

      2014-01-01

      Wild mustard seed was evaluated for moisture, crude ash, protein, oil and fiber, essential oil, allyl isothiocyanate, weight of 1000 seeds and seed size. Relative density, refractive index, free fatty acids, values of peroxide, iodine saponification value and unsaponifiables were determined in the seeds oil. 95.40% allyl isothiocyanate in essential oil (%0.25) and 29.62% oleic, 24.18% linoleic, 20.65% erusic and 16.52% linolenic acids as main ones in the oil (22.52%) were identified by gas ch...

    8. Potency of isothiocyanates to induce luciferase reporter gene expression via the electrophile-responsive element from murine glutathione S-transferase Ya

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      Vermeulen, M.; Boerboom, A.M.M.J.F.; Blankvoort, B.M.G.; Aarts, J.M.M.J.G.; Rietjens, I.M.C.M.; Bladeren, P.J. van; Vaes, W.H.J.

      2009-01-01

      Isothiocyanates are electrophiles that are able to induce phase II biotransformation enzyme gene expression via an electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) in the gene regulatory region. To study the potency of different isothiocyanates to induce the expression of EpRE-regulated genes, a Hepa-1c1c7

    9. The day Norway cried: Proximity and distress in Norwegian citizens following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks in Oslo and on Utøya Island

      Science.gov (United States)

      Thoresen, Siri; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Dyb, Grete; Hjemdal, Ole Kristian

      2012-01-01

      Background Terrorism may create fear and stress reactions not only in the direct victims, but also in the general population. Objective This study investigated emotional responses in the Norwegian population following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks. We hypothesized that Oslo residents would report a higher level of fear responses compared with people living outside Oslo and that proximity would be associated with early distress and later post-traumatic stress reactions. Method Representative samples were drawn from the Norwegian Population Registry. Telephone interviews were conducted 4–5 months after the attacks. The response rate for the Oslo sample (N=465) was 24% of the total sample, and 43% of those who were actually reached by phone and asked to participate. Corresponding figures for the sample living outside Oslo (N=716) were 19% and 30%. Results Our results show strong immediate emotional responses, particularly sadness and a feeling of unreality, in both samples. Jumpiness and other fear responses were significantly higher among Oslo residents. Current level of risk perception was low 4–5 months after the attacks; however, a significant minority reported to feel less safe than before. Geographical and psychological proximity were associated with early emotional responses. Psychological proximity was significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions, while measures of geographical proximity were not. Immediate emotional responses, first-week reactions, and first-week jumpiness were uniquely and significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions. Post-traumatic stress reactions were elevated in ethnic minorities. Conclusions The terrorist attacks seem to have had a significant effect on the Norwegian population, creating sadness and insecurity, at least in the short term. Proximity to the terrorist attacks was strongly associated with distress in the population, and early distress was strongly related to later post-traumatic stress reactions. Our results indicate that psychological proximity is more strongly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions than geographical proximity, and underline the importance of differentiated measurements of various aspects of early distress. PMID:23236567

    10. İlhan OTAĞ1, Serkan AKKOYUN1,*, Yaşar TAŞTEMUR2, Mehmet ÇİMEN2

      OpenAIRE

      OTAĞ, ilhan; AKKOYUN, Serkan; TAŞTEMUR, Yaşar; ÇİMEN, Mehmet

      2015-01-01

      Abstract. Boehler’s angle has a great importance in diagnosis and treatment of calcaneus bones fractures. In this study, Boehler’s angle was estimated by using artificial neural network method. This angle was obtained from 51 well-preserved calcaneus bones which was previously measured in anatomy laboratory at Cumhuriyet University. The data values for estimation belonging to these 51 different calcaneus bones are maximum anteroposterior length, maximum height, cuboidal facet height, body hei...

    11. İlhan OTAĞ1, Serkan AKKOYUN1,*, Yaşar TAŞTEMUR2, Mehmet ÇİMEN2

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      ilhan OTAĞ

      2015-03-01

      Full Text Available Abstract. Boehler’s angle has a great importance in diagnosis and treatment of calcaneus bones fractures. In this study, Boehler’s angle was estimated by using artificial neural network method. This angle was obtained from 51 well-preserved calcaneus bones which was previously measured in anatomy laboratory at Cumhuriyet University. The data values for estimation belonging to these 51 different calcaneus bones are maximum anteroposterior length, maximum height, cuboidal facet height, body height and load arm length. By using this five different parameters, ANN estimation on Boehler’s angle was performed. It is clearly seen from the results that the method is capable for the estimation.

    12. Ya se me había hecho un hobby, una droga”: goce, dolor e identificación en un grupo platense de corredores

      OpenAIRE

      Acciaresi, Pablo Luciano

      2014-01-01

      En esta presentación propongo compartir avances de mi actual tesina de grado de la Licenciatura en Sociología titulada como la presente ponencia.Estos avances dan cuenta de las primeras aproximaciones y entradas al campo de la problemática que intento construir como objeto de estudio. En líneas generales, el plan de trabajo consiste en investigar, desde la óptica de los estudios sociales del deporte, y desde una perspectiva etnográfica, un grupo de corredores de la ciudad de La Plata, deno...

    13. Utilization of coal ash contributing to environment and power reduction. Sekitanbai no kankyo koken riyo to doryoku setsugen riyo no bun prime ya

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Yasuda, M.. (Electric Power Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

      1991-09-30

      Some techniques relating to the contribution to surrounding environment and power reduction of utilizing techniques of coal ash which is produced at the rate of 500,000,000 tons/year in this world are explained. Almost all coal ash produced in Japan originates from pulverized coal firing and the utilizing areas are as follows: (1) resource preserving area including the application to the asphalt filler; (2) product substituting area including the cement substitution; (3) industrial waste processing area including the deodorant; (4) mixing area with industrial waste including the recycling one after mixing with industrial waste and mixing with mud; (5) land planting area including soil improver and culture medium pelletized with industrial waste; and (6) seabed planting area including the surface lining on sludge area in seabed. Further, the effective cases of representative applications are as follows: When coal ash is used as the filler for asphalt concrete, the effect is raised by pulverizing coal ash followed by repressing to the filler form. When coal ash is used as the cement substitute, the concrete deterioration is prevented by suppressing the alkaline aggregate reaction. 5 refs.. 5 figs., 1 tab.

    14. The day Norway cried: Proximity and distress in Norwegian citizens following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks in Oslo and on Utøya Island.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Thoresen, Siri; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Dyb, Grete; Hjemdal, Ole Kristian

      2012-01-01

      Terrorism may create fear and stress reactions not only in the direct victims, but also in the general population. This study investigated emotional responses in the Norwegian population following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks. We hypothesized that Oslo residents would report a higher level of fear responses compared with people living outside Oslo and that proximity would be associated with early distress and later post-traumatic stress reactions. Representative samples were drawn from the Norwegian Population Registry. Telephone interviews were conducted 4-5 months after the attacks. The response rate for the Oslo sample (N=465) was 24% of the total sample, and 43% of those who were actually reached by phone and asked to participate. Corresponding figures for the sample living outside Oslo (N=716) were 19% and 30%. Our results show strong immediate emotional responses, particularly sadness and a feeling of unreality, in both samples. Jumpiness and other fear responses were significantly higher among Oslo residents. Current level of risk perception was low 4-5 months after the attacks; however, a significant minority reported to feel less safe than before. Geographical and psychological proximity were associated with early emotional responses. Psychological proximity was significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions, while measures of geographical proximity were not. Immediate emotional responses, first-week reactions, and first-week jumpiness were uniquely and significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions. Post-traumatic stress reactions were elevated in ethnic minorities. The terrorist attacks seem to have had a significant effect on the Norwegian population, creating sadness and insecurity, at least in the short term. Proximity to the terrorist attacks was strongly associated with distress in the population, and early distress was strongly related to later post-traumatic stress reactions. Our results indicate that psychological proximity is more strongly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions than geographical proximity, and underline the importance of differentiated measurements of various aspects of early distress.

    15. AŞK-I MEMNU, MADAME BOVARY VE NANA’YA KARŞILAŞTIRMALI EDEBİYAT AÇIŞIDAN BİR BAKIŞ

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Abdullah Acehan

      2012-09-01

      Full Text Available Özet: Bu çalışmada milletler arası edebiyat etkileşimlerini inceleyen ve yüzyılımızda gittikçe önem kazanmaya başlayan mukayeseli edebiyat veya diğer adıyla karşılaştırmalı edebiyat üzerinde durulmuştur. Mukayeseli edebiyat hakkında bilgi verildikten sonra Fransız edebiyatından [Madame Bovary - Nana] ve Türk edebiyatından [Aşk-ı Memnu] seçilmiş eserler hakkında bilgi verilmiştir. Daha sonra bu üç eserin karşılaştırmalı edebiyat açısından bir incelemesi yapılmış ve elde edilen veriler, maddeler hâlinde sıralanmıştır. Son bölümde ise eserler arasında yapılan karşılaştırmadan elde edilen sonuçlara yer verilmiş ve aradaki benzerliklerin muhtemel nedenleri üzerinde durulmuştur.AbstractIn this study, we focused on comparative literature which studies the international literary interactions and gradually gets importance. As we tried to give information about comparative literature, we used two examples from French Literature, Madame Bovary and Nana, and one example from Turkish Literature, Ask-ı Memnu. Later on, a comparative work in the means of literature was carried out on these three stories. Collected information was listed. In addition to that, in the last part, bibliography was included.RésuméCette étude examine les interactions littéraires entre les nations et étudie la littérature comparée ou littérature comparative, domaine de recherche prenant de plus en plus d’importance. Après avoir fourni des renseignements sur la littérature comparée, nous avons donné des informations sur trois œuvres sélectionnées de la littérature françaises et turque (deux françaises, Madame Bovary-Nana et une turque, Aşk-ı Memnu. Ensuite, nous avons examiné ces trois œuvres du point de vue de la littérature comparée. Les données obtenues ont été énumérées. Dans la dernière partie, les livres utilisés dans la préparation de cet article ont été précisés dans la bibliographie.ملخص:تتناول هذه الدراسة موضوع "الأدب المقارن" الذي يبحث فيه التفاعل الأدبي بين الأمم والذي يزداد أهميته يومًا بعد يوم. بعد إعطاء المعلومات حول الأدب المقارن درسنا على روايات مختارة؛ روايتين من الأدب الفرنسي (روايتي مادام بوفاري، ونانا، ورواية من الأدب التركي (العشق الممنوع. وبعد ذلك بحثنا هذه الروايات الثلاثة من وجهة الأدب المقارن، فذكرنا المعطيات التي حصلنا عليها. وفي آخر الدراسة ذكرنا المراجع التي اعتمدنا عليها أثناء الدراسة.

    16. EVLİYA ÇELEBİ’YE GÖRE VAN GÖLÜ ÇEVRESİNDE TÜRKLER VE TÜRKÇE

      OpenAIRE

      SARICA, Bedri; Sarıca, Bedri

      2010-01-01

      Evliya Çelebi bölgeyi 1655 yılında ziyaret etmitir. Çelebi karılatıı türlü insanın kültürel, etnografik ve dilsel özelliklerine dikkat eder. Bu yazıda 1655 yılında bölgeyi gezen Evliya Çelebi’ye göre bölgedeki Türklerin varlıı ve dil özellikleri gösterilmek istenmitir.

    17. Xwendineke Berawirdî Ya Problema Xerabîyê Di Mem û Zîna Ehmedê Xanî û Othelloya Shakespeare De

      OpenAIRE

      FİLİZ, Mehmet Şirin

      2018-01-01

      Problema xerabiyê,problemeke herî kevnare ye ku hem di qada felsefeyê de hem jî di qada olî denîqaş li ser hatine kirin. Ev problem îro jî aktûelbûna xwe diparêze û geleknîqaşên felsefî û olî li ser vê problemê têne kirin. Shakespeare û Ehmedê Xanî didemên cuda de jiyabin jî em dikarin şopên vê problemê di berhemên her duyan dejî bibînin. Di çanda Rojava de ev problem bêtir di çarçoveya felsefeyê de hatiyenîqaşkirin. Loma em di Othelloyê de bêtir rastî nêrînên felsefîk tên. Lêdi çanda Rojhila...

    18. Ya basta con la ciudadanía restrictiva!": Undocumented Latina/o Young People and Their Families' Participatory Citizenship

      Science.gov (United States)

      Gutiérrez, Leticia Alvarez

      2016-01-01

      This article describes a community-based participatory action research project (PAR), "Voces Diversas e Importantes" [Diverse and Important Voices] that the intergenerational Family School Partnership (FSP) collective enacted to support citizenship participation and increase the possibilities undocumented Latina/o students and families…

    19. Tenebrio molitor L. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) larva ve pupasının yağ asidi bileşimi

      OpenAIRE

      TAŞKIN, Deniz; AKSOYLAR, M. Yaşar

      2010-01-01

      Fatty acid compositions of last instar larvae and pupae of Tenebrio molitor were analysed by gas chromatographic methods. It was determined that total fatty acid compositions of both stages were contituted C12:0-C18:2 fatty acids. Oleic acid was found as the major fatty acid. Palmitic and linoleic acids also were high pencentage fatty acids.

    20. School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011

      Science.gov (United States)

      Strøm, Ida Frugård; Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Dyb, Grete

      2016-01-01

      Background The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking. Objective This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism, and school support amongst survivors of a terrorist attack in Norway. Method Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N=64) who successfully completed their 3-year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean differences and linear regression were used to compare the survivors’ registered grades with the national grade point average, before and after the event, as well as to assess absenteeism, self-reported grades and to test the association with school support. Results The students’ grades were lower the year after the event than they had been the year before, and they were also lower than the national grade point average (pacademic functioning was reduced in the year after the traumatic event, but for students who successfully completed high school, the school situation improved 2 years after the event. The findings underscore the importance of keeping trauma-exposed students in school and providing support over time. A more defined educational approach to maintaining school attendance and educational measures which compensate for learning loss are needed in trauma-sensitive teaching. Highlights of the article School functioning among high school students following a terrorist attack. The findings showed a decline in school performance and increased absence after the event. For students who successfully completed high school, high satisfaction with school support was reported and an improvement in grades could be observed over time, indicating possible recovery. The findings underscore the importance of keeping trauma-exposed students in schools and providing support over time. PMID:27171613

    1. The day Norway cried: Proximity and distress in Norwegian citizens following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks in Oslo and on Utøya Island

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Siri Thoresen

      2012-12-01

      Full Text Available Background: Terrorism may create fear and stress reactions not only in the direct victims, but also in the general population. Objective: This study investigated emotional responses in the Norwegian population following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks. We hypothesized that Oslo residents would report a higher level of fear responses compared with people living outside Oslo and that proximity would be associated with early distress and later post-traumatic stress reactions. Method: Representative samples were drawn from the Norwegian Population Registry. Telephone interviews were conducted 4–5 months after the attacks. The response rate for the Oslo sample (N=465 was 24% of the total sample, and 43% of those who were actually reached by phone and asked to participate. Corresponding figures for the sample living outside Oslo (N=716 were 19% and 30%. Results: Our results show strong immediate emotional responses, particularly sadness and a feeling of unreality, in both samples. Jumpiness and other fear responses were significantly higher among Oslo residents. Current level of risk perception was low 4–5 months after the attacks; however, a significant minority reported to feel less safe than before. Geographical and psychological proximity were associated with early emotional responses. Psychological proximity was significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions, while measures of geographical proximity were not. Immediate emotional responses, first-week reactions, and first-week jumpiness were uniquely and significantly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions. Post-traumatic stress reactions were elevated in ethnic minorities. Conclusions: The terrorist attacks seem to have had a significant effect on the Norwegian population, creating sadness and insecurity, at least in the short term. Proximity to the terrorist attacks was strongly associated with distress in the population, and early distress was strongly related to later post-traumatic stress reactions. Our results indicate that psychological proximity is more strongly associated with post-traumatic stress reactions than geographical proximity, and underline the importance of differentiated measurements of various aspects of early distress.

    2. School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ida Frugård Strøm

      2016-05-01

      Full Text Available Background: The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking. Objective: This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism, and school support amongst survivors of a terrorist attack in Norway. Method: Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N=64 who successfully completed their 3-year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean differences and linear regression were used to compare the survivors’ registered grades with the national grade point average, before and after the event, as well as to assess absenteeism, self-reported grades and to test the association with school support. Results: The students’ grades were lower the year after the event than they had been the year before, and they were also lower than the national grade point average (p<0.001. However, their grades improved in the last year of high school, indicating possible recovery. Absence from school increased after the event, compared to the previous year. However, students reported high satisfaction with school support. Conclusion: The results indicate that academic functioning was reduced in the year after the traumatic event, but for students who successfully completed high school, the school situation improved 2 years after the event. The findings underscore the importance of keeping trauma-exposed students in school and providing support over time. A more defined educational approach to maintaining school attendance and educational measures which compensate for learning loss are needed in trauma-sensitive teaching.

    3. Omega-3 yağ asidinin karaciğer rejenerasyonuna olan etkisi; Ratlarda deneysel çalışma

      OpenAIRE

      AKBARİ, Mohammad

      2009-01-01

      Normal koşullarda hepatositlerin bazal proliferasyon oranı düşük olup mitoz nadiren gelişir. Ancak karaciğerin kısmi kütle kayb edildiği durumlarda (travma, iskemi, parsiyel hepatektomi gibi) hücre proliferasyon işlemi hızlanır. İnsanlarda karaciğer kısmi rezeksyonun endikasyonları genel olarak karaciğer primer ve metastatik maligniteler, karaciğer sirozu, karaciğer travması ve donor olarak karaciğer tranplantasyonudur. Parsiyel hepatektomi (PHX) bazı durumlarda malnütris...

    4. Study on recent research trends in the chemical fields; Kagaku bun`ya ni okeru saikin no kenkyu doko ni kansuru chosa

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1996-03-01

      This research is conducted to search study themes of chemistry expected towards the 21st century. The complex compound in the fundamental chemistry field and the bio-medical materials in the applied chemistry field are taken up. Bio-medical materials are used for the restoration, rehabilitation, and treatment of the organ and the improvement of its functions. For implants such as hearts, anti-thrombin and anti-calcium precipitation effects and high endurance are required. In this field, special copolymers and bio-membrane-emulating surfaces are studied. For artificial organs, hybrid type materials combining cells, and physiologically active and artificial materials are also studied. There are studies on the missile therapy of drugs and DDS (drug delivery system). The complex compounds contain metallic elements, such as Fe, Mn, Co and Cu, and groups known as ligands which combine these metal elements. They can have a variety of stereo-structures and physical properties. They also exhibit a diversity of functions including electron donor bonding, molecular recognition, chemical substitution, and pharmaceutical activity. These features open up a promising potential for their prospective use as physiologically active substances, cancerostats, new materials, artificial photosynthesis, memory elements, and complex catalysts. 88 refs., 35 figs., 6 tabs.

    5. Lo que fue ya no es y lo nuevo aún no toma forma: elecciones 2006 en perspectiva histórica

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ciska RAVENTÓS VORST

      2009-10-01

      Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este artículo analiza el proceso de cambio político que se inició en Costa Rica en 1998 y que aún no concluye, ubicándolo en el contexto de la historia política de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Revisa luego las explicaciones que se han dado para el brusco quiebre en el comportamiento electoral de 1998, analiza la relación entre abstención y declive de los dos partidos tradicionales en el período 1998-2006 y se detiene a estudiar algunos rasgos del comportamiento electoral de los ciudadanos en el 2006. Concluye planteando una interpretación preliminar sobre el momento político en que se encuentra el país.ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the process of ongoing political change that has taken place in Costa Rica since 1998. It is analyzed in the context of the political history of the second half of the 20th century. This article reviews the explanations of the sudden shift in electoral behaviour in 1998, analyzes the relationship between electoral abstention and the decline of the two traditional parties between 1998 and 2006, and it studies some characteristics of voting behaviour in 2006. The paper concludes with a preliminary interpretation of the current political situation.

    6. Toplumsal Yaşamda Sanat Eğitiminin Gerekliliği ve Medyanın Rolü

      OpenAIRE

      ATMACA, Öğr. Gör. Dr. Anıl Ertok

      2008-01-01

      Plastic arts as well as other branches of art arecommonly accepted as considerable cultural activitiesthat contribute to the ethical development and thatdevelop individual’s creativity besides improving theaesthetical conscience. However it is observed that;due to the increased worries of existence, sustenanceproblems, deficiencies in educational policies anddegeneration of the media, all branches of art arefaced with erosion.Being an artist is a special status. Education on artis one of the ...

    7. ‘If Ya Wanna End War and Stuff, You Gotta Sing Loud’—A Survey of the Provisional Agreement between FARC and Colombia on Illicit Drugs

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Francesco Seatzu

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Although still neglected in legal writings, the 2014 agreement on illicit drugs between the FARC and the Colombian Government deserves attention for a number of reasons, including that it was conceived as an essential part of the broader strategy for peace in Colombia, as well as because of its aim of eradicating illicit crops. Starting with some remarks on the Colombian ‘drug war’ and the policy and legal arguments for classifying the Colombian armed conflict as a non-international armed conflict (NIAC, the paper will then proceed with an analysis of the main reasons behind the drafting of a partial agreement on illicit drugs between the FARC and Colombia in 2014. Next, the paper will address the relevant sections and enforcement mechanisms for putting the provisions of the agreement into effect. An assessment of how the 2014 agreement has addressed the issue of drug trafficking and the issues concerning drug related crimes will also be considered. The paper will conclude with the lessons to be drawn from the new Agreement on illicit drugs.

    8. ¡Ya no estás en la casa! Tecnologías de la escolarización

      OpenAIRE

      Boom,Alberto Martínez

      2012-01-01

      El fenómeno de la escolarización puede ser analizado desde diversos enfoques, algunos la estudian como dato, otros la miran como decisión política, algunos otros se interesan en su función social como factor de inclusión; el presente trabajo no va por estas vías. Importa mejor detenerse en la descripción de ciertos detalles del inicio, por eso la utilización de fuentes primarias y documentos de época, para mostrar el proceso que conecta la aparición de la escuela pública con la ampliación de ...

    9. SINIF-ALTI: KURAMSAL TARTIŞMALAR VE İSTANBUL TARİHİ YARIMADA’YA UYGULANMA İMKÂNLARI - UNDERCLASS: THEORETICAL DISCUSSIONS AND POSSIBILITIES OF APPLICATION TO İSTANBUL HISTORICAL PENINSULA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Alev ERKİLET

      2012-11-01

      Full Text Available Özet:Bu çalışmada, Batı’da 1960’lardan sonra gündemegelen sınıf-altı tartışmalarının kuramsal arka planı ve bukavramın İstanbul’a özellikle de Tarihi Yarımada’yauygulanma imkânları üzerinde durulmuştur. Çalışmanınbirinci kısmında sınıf-altı tartışmalarının 19. yüzyıl sosyaldüşüncesindeki izleri, kavramın sınırları, tanımlama zorluklarıve kuramsal yaklaşımlar ele alınmıştır. İkinci kısımda ise 2007yılında, odak grup toplantısı, derinlemesine mülakat vekatılımlı gözlem teknikleriyle yapılan bir nitel araştırmanınverilerinden hareket edilerek sınıf-altı kavramsallaştırmasınınİstanbul Tarihi Yarımada’daki yoksulluğu anlamak veaçıklamak için uygun bir araç olup olmadığı tartışılmıştır.Varılan sonuç, İstanbul Tarihi Yarımada’da yoksulluğun,sınıf-altı oluşumlarını önlemeye muktedir tamponmekanizmalarla birlikte bulunduğudur. Bu nedenle, beledikentsel müdahaleler bu mekanizmaları yok etmediği sürece,sınıf-altının olumsuz davranış kalıplarının bölgedeyerleşmeyeceği düşünülmektedir.Abstract:In this article, we tried to assert the theoreticalbackground of underclass discussions which became a currentissue after 1960’s and its’ application possibilities to İstanbul,especially to Historical Peninsula. In the first part of thearticle, we handled the traces of the underclass discussion in19th century European social thought, the limits of theconcept, definition problems and theoretical approaches to thephenomena; in the second part, we tried to discuss ifunderclass is an appropriate conceptual tool for understandingand explaining poverty in Istanbul Historical Peninsula by thehelp of data gathered in 2007 by using focus group meeting,in-depth interview and participatory observation techniques.The result we arrived is that, poverty in Historical Peninsulacoexists with buffer mechanism which is able to preventunder-class formations. That’s why we think that, the negativebehavioral patterns of under-class will not become establishedin the area, as long as buffer mechanisms survive frommunicipal urban interventions.

    10. Toprakaltı termiti Heterotermes indicola (Wasmann) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)’ya karşı indoxacarb ve chlorfenapyr’in laboratuvar koşullarında etkisi

      OpenAIRE

      MISBAH-UL-HAQ, Muhammad; KHAN, Imtiaz Ali; FARID, Abid; ULLAH, Misbah; GOUGE, Dawn H.; BAKER, Paul B.

      2016-01-01

      Indoxacarb ve chlorfenapyrin’in, Toprakaltı termiti, Heterotermes indicola (Wasmann)’da beslenme engelleyici ve bireyler arasında taşınma etkileri 2013-2014 yıllarında Gıda ve Tarım Nükleer Enstitüsü (NIFA) (Peshawar, Pakistan)’nde laboratuvar testleri ile değerlendirilmiştir. Test edilen kimyasal konsantrasyonları indoxacarb için 1-100 ppm (ağırlık/ağırlık) ve chlorfenapyrin 1 ile 7 ppm (ağırlık/ağırlık) arasında değişmiştir. Gözlemler indoxacarb’ın 50 ppm üzerindeki dozlarda hızlı ölüme seb...

    11. Next-generation coal utilization technology development study. Environmentally-friendly coal combustion technology; topping cycles; Sekitan riyo jisedai gijutsu kaihatsu chosa. Kankyo chowagata sekitan nensho gijutsu bun`ya (topping nensho gijutsu)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1995-03-01

      As a realistic measure to reduce environmental pollutants emitted from coal-fueled boilers, a developmental study was conducted of high-efficient combustion systems. In fiscal 1994, four types of topping cycles which are different in system structure and gasifier type were selected, and topping cycles assuming a 300MW-class power plant were trially designed. Further, an evaluation of adaptability of these systems was made, and an selection of the optimum system for the early development was made among the systems. As a result, the evaluation was obtained that `a system using air blown gasifier` is most suitable for conducting the next-stage research. In the element test on the topping combustion technology, collection was made of data of desulfurization activity, desulfurization oxidation mechanism and alkali metal behavior at the laboratory level, data of temperatures and gas concentration distribution in coal gasification, data of simulation of the gasifier reaction, and the other data. 262 figs., 66 tabs.

    12. Duygusal Zekâ ve Yaşam Doyumu Arasındaki İlişkinin Doğa Sporu Yapanlar Örneğinde İncelenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      Ardahan, Faik

      2012-01-01

      The purpose of this study is to examine relation between Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and Life Satisfaction (LS) of mountaineer/rock climber, cyclists and hikers. Sampling group consists of mountaineers/rock climbers, cyclists and hikers whose number is not known exactly in Turkey. In this study sampling has been applied and electronic questionnaire form has been sent to all members of clubs which are bound to Turkish Cycling Federation (TCF) and Turkish Mountaineering Federation (TMF). The da...

    13. Micromachismos la potencia de Microtecnologías : La sometimiento y Infravaloración que Mantienen el significado político y social del " Ser Mujer" , ya que Desigual

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Almudena García Manso

      2016-05-01

      Full Text Available Analizando el significado del patriarcado como sistema social de poder compro- bamos cómo la violencia contra las mujeres se ha convertido en la raíz cultural de las sociedades. Violencia percibida de muchas formas, no sólo física, psicológica, sexual, eco- nómica sino invisible: microviolencias o micromachismos y síntomas de la mujer con- termporánea (Bonimo, 2005 y Simón, 2010 que hacen de la violencia un medio de control invisible a los ojos de la sociedad. Nos propusimos hacer una re identificación y búsqueda de otros tipos de violencia invisible, para ello se realizó una incursión cualitativa exploratoria basada en grupos focales o grupos de discusión. De las dinámicas realizadas se llegaron a identificar otras tipologías de microtecnologías de poder o micromachismos afines o perpetuadotes de los roles tradicionales de género femenino con su consecuente significación política-social: la subyugación e infravaloración, que mantienen el significa- do político y social del “ser mujer” como la desigual.

    14. Cuando ya no se puede tomar trago ni chacchar coca. When alcohol can no longer be drunk or coca leaves chewed. the case of the “protestants” in the Peruvian central Andes

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Caroline Magny

      2009-12-01

      Full Text Available Desde hace mucho tiempo el alcohol y la coca ocupan un lugar central en las comunidades andinas. Hasta ahora en el distrito de Churcampa (Huancavelica, Perú, los católicos, mayoritarios, siguen explicando al visitante lo siguiente: “acá no se puede hacer nada sin trago ni coca”. No obstante, durante las ultimas décadas, muchas personas en este distrito – así como en muchos otros distritos de los Andes peruanos – se han convertido y siguen convirtiéndose al “protestantismo” (termino genérico usado por los católicos para referirse en forma general a las Iglesias evangélicas. Esta conversión implica, entre otras cosas, dejar completamente de masticar hojas de coca y de beber cualquier tipo de bebidas alcohólicas. En esta exposición proponemos analizar hasta qué punto y bajo qué modalidades estas restricciones alimenticias afectan a los conversos (quienes siguen siendo minoritarios en el distrito en su vida social cotidiana.Alcohol and coca have played a central role in Andean communities for many centuries. Nowadays, in the district of Churcampa (Huancavelica, Peru, the Catholic people, who are the majority, still explain to visitors that “here you can’t do anything without trago [alcohol] and coca”. Yet, over the past decades, many men and women in this district - as well as in many other districts of the Peruvian Andes - have been converting to “Protestantism” (a generic term used by Catholics to refer to the Evangelical Churches. This conversion implies, among other things, completely giving up chewing of coca leaves and drinking of any type of alcoholic drink. The aim of this article is to analyze to what extent and how these restrictions in the dietary habits affect converted people in their everyday social life.alcohol, coca leaves, religion, conversion, evangelic Churches, Peru

    15. ¿Quién hablará de nosotros cuando ya no estemos? Memoria e historia del Uruguay del exilio a partir de un análisis bibliográfico

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Enrique CORAZA DE LOS SANTOS

      2009-03-01

      Full Text Available RESUMEN: Uruguay ha construido su identidad como país de inmigrantes, pero a partir de la segunda mitad de este siglo comienza a generarse un fuerte proceso de emigración que hoy alcanza niveles preocupantes, sin ser considerado como fenómeno trascendente hasta los últimos años. En este proceso de emigración se produce en los 70 y los 80 un fenómeno de emigración forzada o exilio por razones políticas derivado de procesos autoritarios y una posterior dictadura militar(1973-1984. El estudio de la atención que el problema ha suscitado a través de la bibliografía existente sobre ese período refleja cómo el exilio es un tema poco tratado frente a otras consecuencias de tales procesos políticos. La relevancia relativa evidencia y refleja un proceso de olvido protagonizado por múltiples actores que trae como consecuencia que el exilio esté reservado a la memoria individual no existiendo ni en la memoria social ni en la memoria histórica.ABSTRACT: Uruguay has constructed its identity as a country of immigrants, but from the second half of the past century, a strong process of emigration has been generated, and today reaches worrisome levels, even if not considered an important phenomenon until the last years. This process of emigration, which takes place in the ‘70s and the ‘80s, produced a phenomenon of forced emigration or exile for political reasons derived from authoritarian processes and a later military dictatorship (1973-1984. The study of the attention that the subject has provoked through the existing bibliography on that period reflected as exile is a subject little treated as opposed to other consequences of such political processes. The relative relevance reflects a process of forgetfulness carried out by multiple actors which bring as consequence that exile is reserved to the individual memory, not existing neither in the social memory nor in the historical memory.

    16. “Uno ya sabe a lo que viene”: la movilidad laboral de migrantes andino-bolivianos entre talleres de costura de São Paulo explicada a la luz de la producción del consentimiento

      OpenAIRE

      Miranda, Bruno

      2017-01-01

      Resumen El presente trabajo tiene sus lentes puestos en la movilidad de migrantes de la región andina de Bolivia hacia los talleres de costura ubicados en la zona metropolitana de São Paulo, Brasil, recorrido que hacen a lo largo de por lo menos veinticinco años. El objetivo es problematizar las relaciones laborales entre los costureros y los talleristas (los gestores de los talleres) más allá de la victimización de estos grupos de migrantes, considerando ciertos niveles de coerción, pero tam...

    17. Ege Denizinde Yaşayan Kaya Balıklarının (Gobius niger L., 1758 Karaciğer Dokusunda Bazı Ağır Metallerin Birikimi.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Selma Katalay

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada petrol rafinerisinin bulunduğu Aliağa Körfezi’nin çeşitli yerlerinden toplanmış kaya balıklarının (Gobius niger karaciğer dokusu alınarak ağır metal içerikleri (Cd, Ni, Se, Zn, Cu,Cr ölçülmüştür. Aliağa bölgesinden alınan örneklerde ağır metal birikimine minumum düzeyde rastlanmıştır. Ayrıca alınan datanın fiziksel (boy ve mevsime (yaz ve ilkbahar göre dağılımı incelendiğinde metal birikiminin dağılımında farklılıklar olduğu saptanmıştır

    18. The Modification of Mantras in Vedic Rituals according to the ninth Adhyāya of the Dīpaśikhā of Śālikanātha Miśra

      OpenAIRE

      Lamers, Oliver

      2016-01-01

      The present study is based on a second-level-commentary called Dīpaśikhā (DŚ), "The peak of light", by Śālikanātha Miśra who is assumed to have written his treatises in the latter eighth and early ninth century CE. Śālikanātha belonged to the Prābhākara-school of Pūrvamīmāṃsā, named after its founder Prabhākara Miśra. Together with his rival Kumārila Bhaṭṭa, founder of the Bhāṭṭa-school of Pūrvamīmāṃsā, he stands for the "golden age" of Pūrvamīmāṃsā, when adherents of these sub-schools seem t...

    19. A mutation in negative regulator of basal resistance WRKY17 of Arabidopsis increases susceptibility to Agrobacterium-mediated transient genetic transformation [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/ya

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Benoît Lacroix

      2013-02-01

      Full Text Available Agrobacterium is a phytopathogenic bacterium that induces crown gall disease in many plant species by transferring and integrating a segment of its own DNA (T-DNA into its host genome. Whereas Agrobacterium usually does not trigger an extensive defense response in its host plants, it induces the expression of several defense-related genes and activates plant stress reactions. In the complex interplay between Agrobacterium and its host plant, Agrobacterium has evolved to take advantage of these plant defense pathways for its own purpose of advancement of the infection process. For example, Agrobacterium utilizes the host stress response transcriptional regulator VIP1 to facilitate nuclear import and proteasomal uncoating of its T-DNA during genetic transformation of the host cell. In Arabidopsis, the VIP1 gene expression is repressed by WRKY17, a negative regulator of basal resistance to Pseudomonas. Thus, we examined whether WRKY17 is also involved in plant susceptibility to genetic transformation by Agrobacterium. Using reverse genetics, we showed that a wrky17 mutant displays higher expression of the VIP1 gene in roots, but not in shoots. In a root infection assay, the wrky17 mutant plants were hyper-susceptible to Agrobacterium compared to wild type plants. WRKY17, therefore, may act as a positive regulator of Arabidopsis resistance to Agrobacterium. This notion is important for understanding the complex regulation of Agrobacterium-mediated transient genetic transformation; thus, although this paper reports a relatively small set of data that we do not plan to pursue further in our lab, we believe it might be useful for the broad community of plant pathologists and plant biotechnologists.

    20. Madde-Ruh Çatışmasından Simeranya’ya Kaçış: Yalnızız Escape to Simeranya from Item-Spirit Conflict : Yalnızız

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adem POLAT

      2012-09-01

      Full Text Available This article is a consideration of matter-soul conflict which has a close relationship with the thought dimension established upon historical, sociological and cultural ground in the novel of Yalnızız of Peyami Safa, who has a crucial place in the Turkish Novel in the Republic period. The conflict in question and the paradoxes ingrained in society, emerges besides moral corruption. More importantly, Yalnızız is a novel which has the motivation to produce remedial solutions within aplan like Simeranya. In this respect, an utopian fiction, Simeranyaphenomenon’s effect on the character Samim, displays the intellectualground upon which matter-soul conflict built. These grounds do notonly include the ideal of the world the artist yearns for, but also theydisclose the factual values that will be conveyed as a message throughthe confrontation of matter-soul in the center of the novel. Inconsequence, even though it is beyond reality like Simeranya, inYalnızız novel, the crucial parameters for Turkish thought areconsidered on the agenda by Peyami Safa, as a solution suggestion tothe enduringly growing phenomena and which are carried towardstoday since our Westernization history.In other words, Simeranya is a sheltering territory from theanxiety that are felt due the social and actual realm. If it must be told inthe words of the KORA thematic system, Simeranya, is the place whichgathers dialectical affirmation of the conflicting values in thephenomenal realm of the ideal values. This work aims to scrutinize theintellectual grounds that are describable through the theme of mattersoulconfrontation in question. Bu makale Cumhuriyet devri Türk romanında önemli bir yere sahip olan Peyami Safa’nın Yalnızız romanında yer alan tarihsel, sosyolojik ve kültürel zemine bağlı olarak ortaya çıkmış olan düşünce boyutuyla yakından ilişki kuran madde-ruh çatışmasının roman üzerindeki bir değerlendirmesidir. Söz konusu çatışma topluma yerleşmiş değerler arasındaki çelişki, ahlâkî yozlaşmanın etrafında cereyan eder. Daha da önemlisi Yalnızız, Simeranya gibi sağaltıcı bir plan dahilinde meselelere çözüm üretme çabası taşıyan bir romandır. Yalnızız romanında bu bağlamda ütopik bir kurgu olan Simeranya olgusunun Samim karakteri üzerindeki etkisi, sözü edilen madde-ruh zıtlığının düşünsel temellerini göz önüne serer. Bu temeller yine sanatkârın özlem duyduğu bir dünya tasavvurunu barındırmakla kalmaz, roman merkezinde verilecek mesajın madde-ruh karşılaşmasındaki olgu değerlerini ortaya çıkarır. Dolayısıyla Türk düşüncesi için de önemli bazı parametreler Yalnızız romanının gündemine alınmış ve Peyami Safa tarafından Batılılaşma tarihimizden beri katlanarak artan ve çözülemeden günümüze kadar gelmiş olguları, Simeranya gibi realite ötesi olsa bile; bir çözüm önerisiyle ele alır. Başka bir deyişle Simeranya, toplumsal ve real alandan duyulan kaygının korunak bölgesidir. KORA tematik sistemiyle söylemek gerekirse Simeranya, karşı değerlerin diyalektik olumlayıcılığını yani ülkü değerleri fenomen alanında toplayan bir mekandır. İşte bu çalışma mevzu bahis değer karılaşmasının made-ruh izleğindeki tarif edilebilir düşünsel temellerini irdelemeyi amaç edinir.

    1. International exchange project for the engineer exchange project (in coal mine technology area) in fiscal 1998. Overseas workshop; 1998 nendo gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) kokusai koryu jigyo. Kaigai workshop

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1999-03-01

      The international exchange project for the engineer exchange project (in coal mine technology area) in fiscal 1998, the 'Overseas workshop' has performed exchange in technologies with Australian coal mine engineers. The project refers to the Australian technological levels and needs in coal production, safety control and environment, as well as transfer of the Japanese coal mine technologies. This report summarizes the result of a survey on the engineer exchange project in the coal mine technology area and the possibility of joint researches. The 'overseas workshop' was held in November 1998 for two days in Brisbane City in QLD Province as the 'Japan-Australia coal technology workshop'. The 'Japan-Australia coal technology workshop' gave lectures in five sessions (the basic lecture, Japan-Australia high-speed excavation project, coal mine gas control project, exploration and resources, and development and experience of Japan). It also discussed two themes (mine safety management and rules, and greenhouse effect gases and coal mining). Two coal mines were visited thereafter to deepen the exchange with the Australian coal mine engineers. (NEDO)

    2. "I am proud of myself, just the way I am" (Mwen fyé de tét mwen, jan mwen ye ya): a qualitative study among young Haitian women seeking care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Haiti.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Severe, Linda; Fitzgerald, Daniel W; Deschamps, Marie M; Reif, Lindsey; Post, Kendall; Johnson, Warren D; Pape, Jean W; Boutin-Foster, Carla

      2014-04-01

      Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI). The meaning of self-esteem was derived from a sense of gratitude and was rooted in their ability to provide for family. This may have led to behaviors such as not using condoms or having sex with partners in concurrent relationships. This article highlights the resilience and resourcefulness of Haitian women, provides insight into how women with apparent positive self-images were led to make choices that placed them at high risk for contracting HIV, and concludes with recommendations for future interventions.

    3. “I AM PROUD OF MYSELF, JUST THE WAY I AM” (MWEN FYÈ DE TÈT MWEN, JAN MWEN YE YA): A QUALITATIVE STUDY AMONG YOUNG HAITIAN WOMEN SEEKING CARE FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIS) IN HAITI

      OpenAIRE

      Severe, Linda; Fitzgerald, Daniel W.; Deschamps, Marie M.; Reif, Lindsey; Post, Kendall; Johnson, Warren D.; Pape, Jean W.; Boutin-Foster, Carla

      2014-01-01

      Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI). The meaning of se...

    4. “I AM PROUD OF MYSELF, JUST THE WAY I AM” (MWEN FYÈ DE TÈT MWEN, JAN MWEN YE YA): A QUALITATIVE STUDY AMONG YOUNG HAITIAN WOMEN SEEKING CARE FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIS) IN HAITI

      Science.gov (United States)

      Severe, Linda; Fitzgerald, Daniel W.; Deschamps, Marie M.; Reif, Lindsey; Post, Kendall; Johnson, Warren D.; Pape, Jean W.; Boutin-Foster, Carla

      2014-01-01

      Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI). The meaning of self-esteem was derived from a sense of gratitude and was rooted in their ability to provide for family. This may have led to behaviors such as not using condoms or having sex with partners in concurrent relationships. This article highlights the resilience and resourcefulness of Haitian women, provides insight into how women with apparent positive self-images were led to make choices that placed them at high risk for contracting HIV, and concludes with recommendations for future interventions. PMID:24694329

    5. Superconducting properties of YaBa2Cu3O7-delta films deposited on commercial tape substrates, decorated with Pd or Ta nano-islands

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Ertugrul, Memhet [Ataturk University; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Sinclair IV, John W [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Xiong, X. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Christen, David K [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL

      2012-01-01

      To obtain an engineered surface for deposition of high-Tc superconductors, nanoscale modulations of the surface of the underlying LaMnO3 (LMO) cap layer is a potential source for generating microstructural defects in YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO) films. These defects may improve the flux-pinning and consequently increase the critical current density, Jc. To provide such nanoscale modulation via a practical and scalable process, tantalum (Ta) and palladium (Pd) nano-islands were deposited using dc-magnetron sputtering on the surface of the cap layer of commercial metal tape templates for second-generation wires. The size and density of these nano-islands can be controlled by changing sputtering conditions such as the power and deposition time. Compared to the reference sample grown on an untreated LMO cap layer, the YBCO films grown on the LMO cap layers with Ta or Pd nano-islands exhibited improved in-field Jc performance. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to assess the evolving size and density of the nano-islands.

    6. Sketching the Global Social Media Landscape = Küresel sosyal medya alanının Avrupa ve Hollanda'ya odaklanarak Taslaklandırılması

      OpenAIRE

      Reijgersberg, Maarten

      2016-01-01

      Maarten Reijgersberg is the founder of and social media architect at RauwCC, social media the Rotterdam way. RauwCC is ranked as the number one social agency in The Netherlands by Emerce 100/2015. Maarten is also the founder of Social Media Week Rotterdam, the largest annual conference on social media and innovation in the Benelux region. Besides his work at RauwCC and Social Media Week Rotterdam, Maarten is the founder of Social Media Signage, the window to your online activity. Social Media...

    7. Toplumsal Yaşamımızda ve Türk Bilim-Dünyasında “Profesyonel ve Profesyonellik” Kavramlarına Değin

      OpenAIRE

      Gökçora, İsmail Haluk

      2005-01-01

      Professional respect stands out as one of the forerunners of social ethical behaviour. Insufficient respect and lack of interest for professionalism, the mistrust of professionals directed to one another, their superficial knowledge about other professionals cause social deprivation resulting in important loss of time and material values. Problems and conflict arise when unethical attitude and behavior towards others, upon their ideas and even further, their overconcern and intervention invol...

    8. Política y economía en la Argentina de los 90 (o por qué el futuro ya no es lo que solía ser

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Carlos H. ACUÑA

      2009-11-01

      Full Text Available RESUMEN: Acuña trata los principales lineamientos de la compleja relación entre economía y política en la Argentina de los noventa. Analizando el proceso de toma de decisiones así como la influencia de distintos actores políticos y sociales desde 1989, explica el resultado de estas políticas y las distintas alternativas. Como conclusión, el autor perfila una nueva matriz política en la Argentina de los noventa.ABSTRACT: Acuña designs the main dines of the complex relationship between economics and politics in Argentina in the nineties. Analyzing the process of how decisions are taken and the influence of the distinct political and social actors since 1989, he explains the results of this policies and the different alternatives. As a conclusion, this author trazae a new political matrix in Argentina for this decade.

    9. International exchange project for the engineer exchange project (in coal mine technology area) in fiscal 1998. Pre-survey in Europe; 1998 nendo gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) kokusai koryu jigyo. Jizen chosa (Oshu)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1999-03-01

      This survey in Europe surveyed the current status of the coal industry, supporting directions and policies of governments on the coal industry, and summarized the information thereof. The survey included movements in policies and activities in transfer of technologies to overseas countries by governments and corporations of different countries, and the current status of the coal technology training project. The survey covered Britain and Germany. The British coal industry is facing a serious difficulty because the electric power industry being the major coal purchaser has changes its sourcing to natural gas. In addition, the open-cut mining which has been considered high in productivity has no further hope of big progress due to regulations in the environmental aspects. However, as a result of having performed positively research and development on production cost reduction, the production efficiency has grown excellently. Using this situation as the base, positive advancement into overseas countries is being carried out. The German coal industry has, in spite of having reduced the production size and the number of coal mines, shifted coal purchasers to electric power generation and steel making areas, and its quality and supply capability stand equivalent to those of imported coals. (NEDO)

    10. Development of new technologies for high quality thin film and its application to energy engineering; Hikari seigyo to sokudo senbetsu ni yoru chokinshitsu usumaku no seisaku to energy bun`ya eno tekiyo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Hijikata, K.; Inoue, T.; Nagasaki, T.; Suzuki, Y.; Sato, I. [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Nakabeppu, O. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

      1997-02-01

      This paper describes laser irradiation and velocity selective deposition experiments for fabricating high quality thin films. For the formation of Ag thin film by vacuum deposition method, YAG laser was irradiated to atoms or clusters parallel or perpendicular to the NaCl single crystal substrate, to deposit them on the substrate. For another experiment, Ag atoms selected in the given velocity were deposited on the (001) NaCl substrate by passing the molecular beam through the velocity selector. When laser was not irradiated, the thin film showed a random structure. Epitaxial growth was accelerated by the laser irradiation. When the selective velocity was set in 353 m/s at the constant intensity of molecular beam, the diffraction pattern of the thin film showed net pattern. When the selective velocity was set in 529 m/s, a structure in which ring pattern was overlapped on the net pattern was obtained. 2 figs.

    11. Preprint of the results of `the publicly applied proposal type and hi-tech (emphasized) field research and development in fiscal 1995`; `1995 nendo teian kobogata saisentan (juten) bun`ya kenkyu kaihatsu` seika hokokukai yokoshu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1997-02-01

      The preprint was prepared of a report meeting for the results of `the publicly applied proposal type and hi-tech (emphasized) field research and development in fiscal 1995` to be held in Tokyo during February 12 to 14, 1997. In the meeting, a lecture titled `The system of fundamental researches and its execution` is to be given as a special lecture and the following are as general lectures: `Energy/environmental technology and next generation catalysts,` ` The present and outlook of surgery in the 21st century - computer surgery,` The present situation of education and research related to the design of digital integrated systems,` and `The present and future of research and development of a new carbon material, fullerene.` Research reports were prepared by field as follows: 73 papers in the new material technology field, 46 in the bio-technology field, 36 in the electronics/information technology field, 8 in the mechanical system technology field, 8 in the human life engineering technology field, 23 in the medical/welfare equipment technology field, 5 in the resource technology field, 17 in the energy/environment technology field.

    12. TARİHTE İDEA YA DA MARXENGELS'İN VE NIETZSCHE'NİN ELEŞTİRİLERİNE KARŞI BİR HEGEL SAVUNUSU DENEMESİ

      OpenAIRE

      Kılıçaslan, Eyüp Ali

      2016-01-01

      Hegel dünya tarihine baktığında, tarihsel edimsellikte aklın işbaşında olduğunu düşünür. Dünya tarihinin rasyonel içeriği, bilincin özgürlüğüdür. Dünya tarihi, özgürlük bilincinin gelişiminin bir sürecidir ve felsefenin görevi bunu kavramaktır. Bu aynı zamanda tanrısal öngörünün ve onun planının bilinmesi demektir. Hegel’in felsefesinde bunun karşılığı İdea’dır. İnsan Tini onun öğesidir ve bunun daha öte belirlenimi, insan özgürlüğü İdeası’dır. İdea’nın zamandaki açınımı olan tarih, insanın ö...

    13. Data acquisition and analysis of passive solar cooling effects by storage of out door air in the middle of the night; Shin'ya gaiki chikurei ni yoru shizen reibo koka no jissoku to kaiseki

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Inagaki, H.; Kasutani, A. [Komazawa Womens Junior College, Tokyo (Japan); Koizumi, H.

      1998-12-05

      Passive cooling by storing coolness of out door air in the middle of the night in rock bed is realized by air type solar system without any additional equipment. The advantage of the passive cooling is confirmed with measuring performance of the passive cooling effect of air type solar system equipped in our Komazawa Womens Junior College last year. (author)

    14. Küreselleşme Sürecinde Yaşam Boyu Öğrenme ve Yetişkin Eğitimi Gerçeği

      OpenAIRE

      Kaya, Havva

      2014-01-01

      Education, described as the the duty of the social state, turns into a sector where the inequalities are faced by increasing especially the deprivation of the disadvantaged groups who even cannot benefit from the existent resources and adding the new ones on the current inequalities together with the new liberal ideology and globalization. In this regard, the basic problem of the research consists that adult education as one of the crucial phases of education being relocated away from the bas...

    15. Sosyal ağların şaşırtıcı gücü ve yaşantımızı biçimlendiren etkisi.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Güler Demir

      2014-03-01

      Full Text Available Connected: The Surprising Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our Lives. While this book aims to provide a comprehensive picture of social networks, it also seeks to explore how they influence our lives and our lives are influenced by them. The theory suggesting that each person can be connected to every other person in the world through six interpersonal links is worth to be considered because many cases supporting it are included in the book. The book makes us rethink of our understanding of the notion of the individual and has a revolutionary paradigm, offering the idea that social networks influence our ideas, emotions, behavior, politics and even our health.

    16. Organik ve Konvansiyonel Yağ Gülü Rosa damascena Miller (Rosales: Rosaceae Yetiştiriciliğinde Böcek Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Değerlerinin Hesaplanması

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Özlem DİNÇ ORTAÇ

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available The aim of the study is comparison of diversity, population density and similarity index of insects living in Rosa damascena Miller (Rosales: Rosaceae (oil rose gardens managed by rules of organic and conventional farming chosen in Isparta province, Keçiborlu County, Ardıçlı village during 2012. Pitfall traps, knockdown, sweeping and counting with eyes sampling methods were used for sampling of the insect species between April and October where the insect species population density could be found the highest and taken rates of species from pitfall traps compared for statistically significant between organic and conventional oil rose gardens. Finally both agro-ecosystems no pesticide application were used and managed by the rules of organic farming were found different results of insect bio-diversity then another two agro-ecosystems pesticide application were used and managed by the rules of the conventional faming. Shannon-Wiener and Simpson diversity index were found lower in both conventional rose gardens than other 2 organic rose agro-ecosystems while Shannon-evenness were found more stable in organic rose gardens than conventional ones. The data obtained by pitfall traps have given a more precise than the other sampling methods and according to evaluation of pitfall trap, similarity index of two agro-ecosystems managed by conventional farming rules were found 72.38% to each other and these habitats were found the most similar habitats. Besides, sampled insect species belonging to Carabidae, Scarabaeidae, and Tenebrionidae families were declared the first time with this study

    17. Micromachismos la potencia de Microtecnologías : La sometimiento y Infravaloración que Mantienen el significado político y social del " Ser Mujer" , ya que Desigual

      OpenAIRE

      Manso, Almudena García; Silva, Artenira da Silva e

      2016-01-01

      Analizando el significado del patriarcado como sistema social de poder compro- bamos cómo la violencia contra las mujeres se ha convertido en la raíz cultural de las sociedades. Violencia percibida de muchas formas, no sólo física, psicológica, sexual, eco- nómica sino invisible: microviolencias o micromachismos y síntomas de la mujer con- termporánea (Bonimo, 2005 y Simón, 2010) que hacen de la violencia un medio de control invisible a los ojos de la sociedad. Nos propusimos hacer una re ...

    18. “Uno ya sabe a lo que viene”: la movilidad laboral de migrantes andino-bolivianos entre talleres de costura de São Paulo explicada a la luz de la producción del consentimiento

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Bruno Miranda

      Full Text Available Resumen El presente trabajo tiene sus lentes puestos en la movilidad de migrantes de la región andina de Bolivia hacia los talleres de costura ubicados en la zona metropolitana de São Paulo, Brasil, recorrido que hacen a lo largo de por lo menos veinticinco años. El objetivo es problematizar las relaciones laborales entre los costureros y los talleristas (los gestores de los talleres más allá de la victimización de estos grupos de migrantes, considerando ciertos niveles de coerción, pero también deconsentimiento - todo lo anterior bajo determinadas formas de trabajo no-libre. El mecanismo de producción del consentimiento se sustenta en elementos institucionales e ideológicos que en última instancia definen los “límites de la esclavitud”.

    19. La estética es ya sociología. La dimensión sociológica de la teoría estética de TH. W. Adorno

      OpenAIRE

      Cabot, Mateu

      2010-01-01

      La teoría de Theodor W. Adorno sufre el peso de múltiples tópicos y malentendidos que dificultan su lectura , de por sí difícil sobre todo por situarse en las antípodas de muchos de los procedimientos habituales y comunes en la práctica académica . Su obra inacabada y póstuma, Teoría estética (1970), concentra buena parte de estos tópicos. En este artículo pretendemos subrayar algunas líneas en esta obra que evidencian el propósito adorniano de integrar substancialmente la reflexión sociológi...

    20. Biyosid Uygulamalı Giysilik Deri Üretiminde Tabaklama ve Sonrası Yaş İşlemlerde Mikrobiyal Yükün Tespiti Üzerine Bir Araştırma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Derya DOĞANAY

      2014-07-01

      Full Text Available In the present research, it was aimed to determine the numbers of total fungi (yeast and mold, proteolytic fungi and lipolytic fungi; total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, proteolytic bacteria, lipolytic bacteria and aerobic sporeforming bacteria that are likely to grow in the floats of chrome tanning, neutralization and post-tanning operations (retanning – fatliquoring - dying in different concentrations of NaCl (0, 5, 10 %. Raw domestic sheep skins were used in the study. While the skins were being processed in soaking and chrome tanning, a commercial bactericide composed of quaternized ammonium compounds and benzothiazole-based fungicide were added respectively. For control, the skins were processed without addition of any bactericide or fungicide. According to results, no bacterial growth was detected in the floats investigated, while some amount of fungal growth was determined. The numbers of total fungi in the chrome tanning and neutralization processes were determined to be between 1,1x101 and 7,0x101 cfu/mL. No total fungi weredetected in retanning – dyeing fatliquoring float; besides, proteolytic and lipolytic fungi were detected in all process steps including retanning – dyeing - fatliquoring. The numbers of the proteolytic fungi were determined to be between the values 1,0x101 and 8,0x101 cfu/mL and those of lipolytic fungi to be between the values 1,0x101 and 7,0x101 cfu/mL

    1. Sources, fate, bioaccumulation and sinks of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in the People`s Republic of China, especially Ya-Er Lake Area, near Wuhan. Final report (1995.09-1998.12)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Schramm, K.W.; Henkelmann, B.; Kettrup, A. [GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit Neuherberg GmbH, Oberschleissheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Oekologische Chemie; Xu Ying; Wu Wen-Zhong [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan (China). Inst. of Hydrobiology

      1999-08-01

      The aim of the project is to find out the emission of PCDD/F and related compounds, their environmental levels and the toxic potency to results, so as to lay a solid basis for decision-making on the pollution control and environment quality assessment in China and other developing countries. The investigations of the project included three major parts: analytical methodology of PCDD/F, fate and transfer of PCDD/F and related compounds, as well as their ecotoxicological effects. (orig.)

    2. Cuando pensé que ya estaba fuera, volví a encontrarme dentro: una perspectiva de las lesiones traumáticas en «El Padrino parte III»

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      John L. FALCONE

      2016-10-01

      Full Text Available El Padrino Parte III retrata a la familia ficticia Corleone en la tercera y última entrega de la trilogía El Padrino. El propósito es evaluar las lesiones traumáticas y la muerte en la película. Hipótesis: las hipótesis son las siguientes: a los personajes masculinos sufren más mecanismos traumáticos que los femeninos, b la mayoría de los mecanismos traumáticos ocurren en la segunda mitad de la película, y c un elevado porcentaje de los mecanismos traumáticos son de tipo penetrante. Métodos: en este estudio descriptivo, la película El Padrino Parte III fue críticamente visualizada para detectar casos de mecanismos traumáticos significativos. Estos mecanismos fueron documentados en el tiempo de duración de la película. Los personajes que mueren durante el filme fueron evaluados en función del tipo de mecanismo y la causa de la muerte. Se realizaron comparaciones estadísticas categóricas, utilizando un ? = 0.05. Resultados: en la película se detectaron 43 mecanismos traumáticos significativos y 33 muertes. Un 95% de los mecanismos implican a personajes masculinos, mientras que sólo un 5% se produce en personajes femeninos (p<0.001. Un 97% de las muertes se produce en personajes masculinos, y un 3% en femeninos (p<0.001. Los mecanismos traumáticos y muertes se muestran similares en las dos mitades de la película (en ambos casos, p>0.05. Los personajes son más propensos a morir, y las lesiones traumáticas conducen a un incremento de la mortalidad en la segunda mitad de la película (en ambos casos, p<0.05. Las lesiones traumáticas por mecanismo penetrante son, entre todas, las causas más comunes de muerte (p<0.001. Conclusiones: los personajes masculinos sufren más mecanismos traumáticos y casos de muerte que los femeninos en El Padrino parte III. La mayoría de muertes se deben a lesiones traumáticas penetrantes.

    3. Cuando el océano ya no es la última frontera: una relación a (muy larga distancia a través de las TIC's

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Jorge-Guillermo Lewin Tapia

      2004-11-01

      Full Text Available Se parte del objetivo de comprender las nuevas formas de relación interpersonal a larga distancia que surgen como resultado de las innovaciones tecnológicas. En este material se presenta una autoetnografía de uno de los investigadores del proyecto ?Impacto psicosocial y cultural de las innovaciones tecnocientíficas? (SEC-2002-03116 que viajó de Barcelona para cursar su doctorado, dejando en Chile a su mujer. El estudio se centra en la reconstrucción de los procesos implicados en la producción de una nueva forma de relación a larga distancia. Por un lado se refleja el interés por la descripción de estas nuevas formas de interacción social, y por otro se refleja en un interés por los procesos que llevan a la estabilización/naturalización de las innovaciones tecnológicas en la vida diaria.

    4. Fiscal 1997 report on the feasibility survey of Japan`s cooperation into energy/environment related fields in Asian countries; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Asia shokoku ni okeru energy kankyo kanren bun`ya eno kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      A survey was made to study possibilities of Japan`s cooperation in tackling energy/environment problems in Asian countries. In 1995 the GNP growth rate was 2.6% in the world, while it was 7.9% in Asia showing a rapid growth. With the accelerating industrialization and urbanization, energy demand is now over three times as much as that in the 1980s. This means increases in waste and environmental pollution. Especially, the use of firewood in non-electrified areas is a serious problem the same as the slash-and-burn farming and deforestation. Also relating to the production of electric power, it is inevitable to choose hydroelectric power and renewable energy in addition to fossil fuels. Therefore, the necessity is heightening of various technologies for it and environmental protection technologies such as coal cleaning. Local areas, where the population density is extremely low and the electrification cost is high, became victims of elecrification. There the power system should be shifted from the central supply system to the local distributed one. For it, it is necessary to recognize an importance of the distributed type renewable energy which is friendly to the environment. The paper outlined the state of each country and energy by policy and environment. 10 figs., 83 tabs.

    5. El fin de la situación de transitoriedad: la Ley Orgánica 15/1999, de 13 de diciembre, de Protección de Datos de Carácter Personal ya tiene desarrollo reglamentario

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mònica Vilasau

      2008-09-01

      Full Text Available El 19 de abril del 2008 entró en vigor el Reglamento 1720/2007, de 21 de diciembre, que desarrolla la Ley Orgánica de Protección de Datos (LOPD. Este texto había sido muy esperado por los aplicadores del derecho, por las empresas de consultoría y de seguridad, por sectores del marketing y publicidad, por empresas dedicadas a la solvencia patrimonial y crédito y, en un grado menor, por los consumidores y usuarios. La norma responde a la necesidad de dotar la Ley Orgánica sobre la materia del correspondiente desarrollo reglamentario y dar respuesta a las nuevas necesidades de la sociedad de la información constantemente en evolución. En el Reglamento de la LOPD se regula el otorgamiento del consentimiento por silencio positivo, el otorgamiento del consentimiento de los menores, se sistematiza el ejercicio de los derechos por parte del afectado, se regulan detalladamente los ficheros de marketing y publicidad, los de solvencia patrimonial y crédito, se dota la figura del encargado de un estatuto jurídico, se proporciona un nuevo marco a las medidas de seguridad y se sistematizan los procedimientos tramitados por la Agencia Española de Protección de Datos. El texto aprobado, evidentemente, no complacerá a todo el mundo, la existencia de múltiples instancias involucradas (estatales y autonómicas y de múltiples agentes con diferentes perspectivas hace que las soluciones proporcionadas no se ajusten a los ideales de todos los implicados.Sin embargo, el nuevo reglamento es un paso adelante en la consolidación del derecho a la protección de datos de carácter personal, aporta mayor seguridad jurídica y flexibilización y se tiene que ver como una oportunidad de crear una nueva cultura de protección de datos integrada en el tratamiento de la información de una forma global.

    6. Some things that must be changed in sociology, if they have not already been done Algunas cosas que deben cambiar en la sociología, si no lo han hecho ya

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mariano Fernández Enguita

      2010-05-01

      Full Text Available The article suggests the revision of some implicit assumptions that have been governing the sociology of education during the last decades and that can constitute ballast for its ability of explaining and interpreting the present world, but also an obstacle for its future progress. It discusses, in particular, the idea that a social stratifi cation based on school excellence may result in a fairer way than the previous ones; we question the validation of a simplifi ed idea of social or educational equality in favor of a more complete and multifaceted view of social justice, as well as inside and outside school; we propose the overcoming of the methodological nationalism that characterizes both social sciences in general and the studies on education in particular, by replacing it for a global perspective; we suggest the substitution of the organizational (and, more importantly, the individual paradigm that prevails in the analysis of school by a reticular paradigm, more appropriate with the characteristics and the evolutional processes of the late modernity; we propose, at last, that the criticism of educational politics renounces its obsession with the question whether school is treated, or not, as an enterprise, and its unconditional identifi cation of teachers as workers, by understanding that they are not part of such group, but they are professionals, members of a profession which situation, as the one of other professions, is largely permeated with privileges, no matter which rhetorical formula they employ in order to defend themselves. Keywords: Sociology. Meritocracy. Society of knowledge. Globalization. Organization. Networks. Profession. El artículo sugiere la revisión de algunos supuestos implícitos que han venido rigiendo en la sociología de la educación durante los últimos decenios y que pueden constituir un lastre para su capacidad de explicar e interpretar el mundo actual y un obstáculo para su progreso futuro. En particular, se discute la idea de que una estratifi cación social basada en el mérito escolar pueda/ vaya a resultar más justa que formas anteriores; se cuestiona la vigencia de una idea simplifi cada de la igualdad social o educativa en favor de una visión más compleja y multifacética de la justicia social, tanto fuera como dentro de la escuela; se propone superar el nacionalismo metodológico propio tanto de las ciencias sociales en general como de los estudios sobre educación en particular, sustituyéndolo por una perspectiva global; se sugiere sustituir el paradigma organizacional (y, mucho más, el individual imperante en el análisis de la escuela por un paradigma reticular, más acorde con las características y los procesos evolutivos de la modernidad tardía; se plantea, en fi n, que la crítica de las políticas educativas abandone su obsesión con la cuestión de si la escuela es o no tratada como una empresa, y su identifi cación incondicional con los docentes como trabajadores, comprendiendo que éstos no son tales, sino profesionales, miembros de una profesión cuya situación, como la de otras, está tejida en buena medida de privilegios, cualquiera que sea la fórmula retórica con que se defendan. Palabras clave: Sociología. Meritocracia. Sociedad del conocimiento. Globalización. Organización. Redes. Profesión.

    7. En la cuna del castellano: San Millan de la Cogolla, crisol de un idioma que ya es milenario (In the Cradle of Castilian: San Millan de la Cogolla, Crucible of a 1,000 Year Old Language)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Guerrero Martin, Jose

      1975-01-01

      Discusses the history of Spain and shows the influence of the many cultures that have contributed to the formation and development of present-day Castilian Spanish. Documents in the monastery of San Millan de la Cogolla testify to some of the origins. (Text is in Spanish.) (TL)

    8. HEMŞİRE ÇİZELGELEMESİNDE ESNEK VARDİYA PLANLAMASI VE HASTANE UYGULAMASI (FLEXIBLE SHIFT PLANNING IN NURSE SCHEDULING AND AN APPLICATION OF THE HOSPITAL

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yücel ÖZTÜRKOĞLU

      2014-01-01

      Full Text Available ÖZ: Müşteri tatmininin her geçen gün daha da zorlaştığı hizmet sektörlerinde, işverenler sunulan hizmetin kalitesini arttırmak ve hizmetin devamlılığını sağlamak için yeni arayışlar içine girmekteler. İşverenler, müşteriden önce hizmeti sunan kişilerin memnuniyetini sağlayarak rekabet gücünü arttırma yollarına başvurmaktadırlar. Bu yollardan biri de çalışma sürelerinin esnekleştirilmesidir. Bu çalışmada, hizmet sektörleri arasında önemli bir yere sahip olan hastanelerde ki hemşire çizelgeleme problemi için tam sayılı matematiksel bir model oluşturulmuştur. Oluşturulan modelde, klasik çizelgeleme modellerinin aksine hemşirelerin işe başlama saatlerine esneklik getirilmiştir. Modelin başlıca amacı, hemşirelerin kendi tercihlerine göre haftalık çizelgelerinin oluşturulmasıdır. Oluşturulan model, gerçek veriler kullanılarak bir üniversite hastanesinin genel cerrahi bölümünde denenmiştir. Modelin, %99,6 oranında hemşire tercihlerini yerine getirdiği görülmektedir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Esnek Çalışma Saatleri, Hemşire Çizelgelemesi, Matematiksel Model, Tam Sayılı Programlama. ABSTRACT: In the service industry, customer satisfaction becomes more difficult with each passing day, employers have looked for new paradigms and ways to make service quality better and to keep service facilities reliable. Therefore, with the purpose of increasing their competitive power, employers give more importance to their employees who have direct relation with customers than they do to their customer. One of the new paradigms is make working hours flexible. In this study, an integer programming model is proposed for the nurse scheduling problem in the hospitals which are one of the most important service industries. On the contrary of classical nurse scheduling model, developed model has made flexible to starting time. The main aim of the model is make a schedule for nurses according to their preferences. The developed model is applied on a surgery department of one university hospital with real data. According to results, model can satisfy 99,6% of the nurses with their schedule based on their preferences. Keywords: Flexible Working Hours, Nurse Scheduling, Mathematical Model, Integer Programming.

    9. Uelekeo wa Maana za Kipolisemia katika Msamiati wa Kiswahili ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Data iliyotumika ni kutoka Kamusi ya Kiswahili Sanifu (TUKI, 2013). Ili kukidhi malengo hayo tumetumia Nadharia ya Maana kama Dhana, ambapo tunahusisha maana (dhana) mpya za kipolisemia na maana ya msingi ya neno hilo. Matokeo ya utafiti huu yamebaini kuwa polisemia huwa na maana zaidi ya moja ...

    10. Pemanfaatan minyak kulit biji jambu mete sebagai substitusi karet stirena butadiena pada kompon karkas ban kendaraan bermotor

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dwi Wahini Nurhajati

      2005-07-01

      Full Text Available Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL as a by product of cashew nut industry was not utilized. CNSL can be used to produce a rubber-like materials. The objectives of the research was to study the application of CNSL resin as substitute material for styrene butadiene rubber (SBR in the carcass compound. CNSL was reacted with formaldehyde resulting a rubbery CNSL-formaldehyde resin. CNSL –formaldehyde resin was prepared by reaction of 100 parts of CNSL, 5 parts of a 37% aqeaus solution of formaldehyde and 2 parts of ammonium hydroxide for 60 minutes at 1500C. Ratio of SBR/CNSL formaldehyde in tyre carcass compunds were 50/0, 40/10, 30/20, 20/30, 10/40 and 50/0, respectively. The results show that substitution CNSL – formaldehyde resin for SBR was up to 10 phr. Increasing amount of CNSL-formaldehyde resins have increase physical properties such as hardness, peel test, and density, but decreased tensile strength,elongation at break, and abrasion resistance. A compound with ratio SBR/CNSL-formaldehyde resin 40/10 performed the best physical properties i.e:139.454 kg/cm2 tensile strength, 710.97% elongation at break, 62 Shore A hardness, 1.124 g/cm3density, 423.477 N/inchi peel test, and 3.214 mm3/kgm abrasion resistance, respectively

    11. Browse Title Index

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Vol 10, No 1 (2012), Fantasia Katika Fasihi ya Kiswahili kwa Watoto, Abstract. L Herman. Vol 4, No 1 (2006), Fasihi ya Kiswahili na rushwa Tanzania: Thomas A. R. Kamugisha na Kitu Kidogo Tu, Abstract. E.S Mwaifuge. Vol 4, No 1 (2006), Fasihi ya Kiswahili ya Majaribio: Makutano ya Fasihi Simulizi na Fasihi Andishi ...

    12. Browse Title Index

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Vol 76, No 1 (2013), Riwaya ya Kiswahili katika ufundishaji wa historia, Abstract. Wallace Mlaga. Vol 78, No 1 (2015), Ruwaza ya Simulizi za Watumwa katika Riwaya ya Uhuru wa Watumwa, Abstract. Grace Henry. Vol 77, No 1 (2014), Ruwaza za kimofolojia za majina ya mahali ya kihaya: mtazamo wa mofolojia leksika ...

    13. Browse Title Index

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Vol 76, No 1 (2013), Athari za uhamishaji wa sarufi ya Kiluo kwenye upatanisho wa sarufi ya Kiswahili, Abstract. Carolyne Oduor, K. ... Vol 72, No 1 (2009), Dhima Ya Uradidi Katika Mawasiliano Ya Kiswahili: Uimarishaji Na Udhoofishaji Wa Maana, Abstract. A Mnenuka ... Vol 73, No 1 (2010), Maadili Ya Utafiti, Abstract.

    14. Kiswahili nchini Kenya: ukuaji au ukiushi? | Momanyi | Kioo cha Lugha

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Makala inahoji kama haya ni maendeleo ya lugha au ni njia mojawapo ya kuidumaza isiweze kuchukua nafasi yake kama lugha ya taifa nchini. Katika sehemu ya mwisho ya makala, yanatolewa mapendekezo ambayo yamekusudiwa kusahihisha hali iliyopo ili kukifanya Kiswahili kama lugha muhimu nchini Kenya, iweze ...

    15. Tafsiri za Riwaya za Kigeni kwa Kiswahili nchini Tanzania | Traore ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Tafsiri za Riwaya za Kigeni kwa Kiswahili nchini Tanzania. Flavia Aiello Traore. Abstract. Makala hii inazingatia tafsiri ya kifasihi nchini Tanzania enzi za baada ya kujipatia uhuru. Inaeleza baadhi ya mbinu zilizotumiwa na wafasiri wa Kiswahili wakati wakishughulika na kazi za fasihi ya kigeni, hususani jinsi ya kukabiliana ...

    16. Kioo cha Lugha - Vol 15, No 1 (2017)

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Historia ya Kiswahili Nchini Rwanda: Kielelezo cha Nafasi ya Utashi wa Kisiasa katika Ustawi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Wallace Mlaga, 1-19 ...

    17. Kiswahili - Vol 73, No 1 (2010)

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Mabadiliko Ya Kifonolojia Na Kimofolojia Wakati Wa Utohozi Wa Maneno Ya Kiarabu Katika Kiswahili: Mifano Kutoka Kamusi Ya Kiswahili Sanifu (Tuki 2004) · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MMS Shembilu ...

    18. Juhudi za Vyombo vya Habari katika Kukuza na Kueneza Kiswahili ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Vyombo vya habari ni asasi muhimu sana katika kukuza na kueneza lugha yoyote ile, hasa katika enzi hii ya utandawazi. Vyombo hivyo ni kama vile idhaa za redio, televisheni na magazeti. Katika nchi ya Kenya kuna vyombo vya habari vinavyotoa huduma anuwai kwa ajili ya kutosheleza mahitaji ya wateja wao. Katika ...

    19. 2018-02-21T08:16:23Z https://www.ajol.info/index.php/all/oai oai:ojs ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      article/72973 2018-02-21T08:16:23Z orion:ART Tiragatso Ya Itlhagiso Ya Setlhare Se Se Okeditsweng Ka Kgetsi Mo Bothateng Jwa Popo Ya Metato Ya Dipeipi Tsa Oli Baitshenyetsi, LT Hattingh, JM Kruger, HA Network flow models, integer linear ...

    20. Effecting Healthy Lifestyle Changes in Overweight and Obese Young Adults with Intellectual Disability

      Science.gov (United States)

      Pett, Marjorie; Clark, Lauren; Eldredge, Alison; Cardell, Beth; Jordan, Kristine; Chambless, Cathy; Burley, Jeff

      2013-01-01

      We evaluated a 12-week recreation center-based healthy lifestyle intervention for 30 obese home-dwelling young adults (YA) with intellectual disabilities. Three cohorts participated: YA only, YA and parents, and parents only. The YA cohorts received a nutrition/exercise intervention; parents focused on modeling healthy lifestyle behaviors.…

    1. Asili na Chimbuko la Wazungumzaji wa Kimakunduchi: Hoja za ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Wakati tukiwa tunasherehekea mafanikio ya lugha ya Kiswahili katika nyanja mbalimbali, hatuna budi kujiuliza katika mijadala yetu ni kwa kiwango gani tumezishirikisha lahaja za Kiswahili katika kubaini mambo mbalimbali ikiwemo historia ya lugha hii. Tukumbuke kwamba wakati wa uteuzi wa lahaja ya Kiunguja kuwa ...

    2. Author Details

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Mlaga, Wallace. Vol 76, No 1 (2013) - Articles Riwaya ya Kiswahili katika ufundishaji wa historia. Abstract · Vol 78, No 1 (2015) - Articles Uhistoria katika Riwaya ya Kiswahili: Mifano kutoka riwaya za 'Ndoto ya Ndaria', 'Gamba la Nyoka' na 'Miradi Bubu ya Wazalendo' Abstract. ISSN: 0023-1886. AJOL African Journals ...

    3. Ujitokezaji wa Viambishi Njeo na Athari zake Kifonolojia katika ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Chanzo cha data za utafiti huu ni vitabu mbalimbali vinavyohusu lugha ya Shimalila, navyo vimeandikwa na watu mbalimbali wa jamii ya Shimalila ambao malengo yao ni kutafsiri Biblia kutoka katika lugha ya Kiswahili kwenda katika lugha ya Shimalila. Pia, data nyingine zimetokana na hojaji pamoja na usaili wa moja ...

    4. Uhusiano wa Kimatengo na Kindendeule: Ushahidi wa Kiisimu ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Licha ya utengano huo, kuna madai ya muda mrefu kwamba Kimatengo na Kindendeule ni lugha zinazofanana. Makala haya yalitumia data ya uwandani ili kupata ushahidi wa kiisimu unaoweza kueleza kiwango cha kufanana au kutofautiana baina ya lugha hizo mbili. Mbinu za hojaji na majadiliano zilitumika kupata ...

    5. Gönen Çayı (Balıkesir, Çanakkale-Türkiye'nda yaşayan sucul Coleoptera ve sucul ve yarısucul Heteroptera faunası üzerine bir çalışma.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Esat Tarık Topkara

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Gönen Çayı’nın sucul Coleoptera ve sucul-yarısucul Heteroptera faunasını belirlemek amacıyla gerçekleştirilen bu çalışmada, Gönen çayı ve kollarına 2010-2012 yılları arasında 8 arazi çalışması düzenlenmiştir. Bu arazi çalışmalarında 15 istasyonda örnekleme çalışması yürütülmüştür. Sucul böcek örnekleri 500 µm göz açıklığındaki el kepçesi ile toplanmıştır. Laboratuvarda yapılan incelemeler sonucunda Coleoptera ordosuna ait Gyrinidae familyasından 3 takson, Noteridae familyasından 1 tür, Dytiscidae familyasından 11 tür 1 alttür, Hydrophilidae familyasından 13 tür 1 alttür, Spercheidae familyasından 1 tür, Hydraenidae familyasından 4 tür tespit edilmiştir. Heteroptera ordosuna ait Gerridae familyasından 1 tür, Corixidae familyasından 3 tür 3 alttür, Notonectidae familyasından 2 tür tespit edilmiştir. Bu taksonlardan Gyrinus caspius, Gyrinus distinctus, Gyrinus substriatus, Agabus bipustulatus, Agabus guttatus, Hydaticus leander, Hydroporus pubescens, Laccophilus hyalinus, Laccophilus poecilus, Platambus lunulatus, Ranthus suturalis, Scarodytes halensis halensis, Boreonectes griseostriatus, Anacaena rufipes, Berosus byzantinus, Helochares lividus, Notonecta viridis, Notonecta maculata, Sigara striata, Sigara nigrolineata nigrolineata, Sigara lateralis Gönen Çayı’nın Balıkesir ili sınırları içerisindeki istasyonlardan; Laccophilus minutus, Spercheus emarginatus, Sigara limitata limitata Gönen Çayı’nın Çanakkale ili sınırları içerisindeki istasyonlardan; Enochrus bicolor, Micronecta scholtzi, Micronecta anatolica anatolica, Gerris thorasicus Çanakkale ve Balıkesir il sınırları içerisindeki istasyonlarından ilk kez tespit edilmiştir

    6. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / R and D on downsizing technology of machine tools (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / kosaku kikai no downsizing gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      The R and D were conducted aiming at downsizing machine tools by combining microfactory technology owned by Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology of MITI with fundamental element technology owned by industrial groups of machine tools. In fiscal 1997, as to the study of spindle drum indexing mechanism in making main spindle multiaxial, the following have been finished: the basic study through openness of controller and networks, confirmation of function of the equipment acquired, and initialization of the driver software. Relating to the study on machining conditions of dry machining processing, delivery and installation of cold air machining instrument have been finished. Concerning the optical measurement of spindle radial run-out vectors, a system to make optical no contact measurement of radial direction components of rotation error was constructed with high accuracy pin gauge attached to the work spindle clamp mechanism as a medium. About the study on sensor-based state recognition technology, specifications for various kinds of sensor were decided on. 5 refs., 67 figs., 3 tabs.

    7. 研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      陳雪華、許嘉珍、朱雅琦

      2007-04-01

      Full Text Available

      近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。

      Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc.

      頁次:89-102

    8. Toplumsal Yaşamımızda ve Türk Bilim Dünyasında “Profesyonel ve Profesyonellik” Kavramlarına Değin / Concepts of Professional and Professionalism, Concerning Our Social Lives and the Turkish Scientific World

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      İ. Haluk Gökçora

      2005-10-01

      Full Text Available Professional respect stands out as one of the forerunners of social ethical behaviour. Insufficient respect and lack of interest for professionalism, the mistrust of professionals directed to one another, their superficial knowledge about other professionals cause social deprivation resulting in important loss of time and material values. Problems and conflict arise when unethical attitude and behavior towards others, upon their ideas and even further, their overconcern and intervention involving the others’ profession come into play. Being a professional in a specific business necessitates grasping every single detail of the job along with its proper application. The more accepted and complicated the job is, the more important the professionalism would become, requiring social satisfaction as well. Professionalism is a way of thought and behavior which requires adaptation by all who have a place and work in that society. Both time-management, and correct/responsible conduct of professional work need to be perfect, and in line with the laws, provided that it is in the best interest of the professional’s customer (patient. Human honour and equality, principles of justice, professional ethics versus marketing conditions of wild capitalism along with the manipulated material assessments cause conflicts. Clashes between the strict scientific hierarchy and the humanitarian relations (which utilizes a much softer approach occurs in a similar manner. Professionalism provides the gradual emergence of increasing support among members of different professional organizations, and enables a higher quality of work concept regarding individual career standards. Escape from unhealthy conditions can only be materalized through wise professional initiatives concerning the social unrest in Turkey, where indivialism is brought into pivotal importance, and where the public is manipulated by the biased-media corporations. Turkey’s awakening can only materialize with the enlightenment of the public rather than their being deceived, as is practiced at the present. Turkey will attain a bright future once a selective decision in this respect will be made and fully performed.

    9. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on area consortium research and development business, 1st year. Area consortium energy research and development (molding material processing eco-system using powder lubricant); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Funtai rikei junkatsuzai wo mochiita sokeizai kako eko system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1999-03-01

      A material processing technology demanding but low energy and cost and causing low environmental impact was developed using a powder lubricant in a closed metal die system. An inorganic powder excellent in adhesiveness as lubricant was discovered. Powder lubricants for die casting and new carbon lubricants for metal die forging were also developed. In a test in an eco-die casting system, it was found that power was better than water solution in terms of finish and energy efficiency. In the development of a metal forging system using a powder lubricant, existing graphite lubricants and new powder lubricants containing fullerene were subjected to evaluation (ring tests). Two types of graphite solutions now in use and two powder lubricants were evaluated by the ring tests, and this enabled the comprehension of powder lubricant characteristics. For the development of a die casting system requiring no lubricant, a metal die surface treatment method was found that produces a surface excellent in resisting erosion by the application of the aluminizing ion nitriding composite treatment method. In addition, wettability was compared between a PVD (physical vapor deposition)-formed nitride film and the powder lubricant constituents. The report also refers to surveys conducted for commercialization. (NEDO)

    10. 18-21 Yaş Grubu Bireylerin Genel Zekâ Düzeyleri İle Psikolojik Semptom Dü- zeyleri Arasındaki İlişki (The Relation between General Intelligence Levels and Psychological Symptom Levels of Adolescents

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Oktay Aydın

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Purpose: Researchers have stated that high intelligence might bring about psycho-logical problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships be-tween general intelligence and some psychological symptoms.Method: Research participants included 73 students who were either university students in their first year or preparing for university. Their age ranged from 18 to 21 with a mean of 19,93. Female participants constituted 42,5% of the total and male participants included 57,5% of the total. The Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM and the Psychological Symptoms Scanning Scale-90-R were used to collect data. The former was used to measure the participants’ general intelli-gence while the latter was used to measure their psychological symptoms. Meas-urement instruments were administered to the participants in their classrooms. Data analysis included correlational analysis between general intelligence scores and psychological symptom scores. Results: Findings showed that correlations between general intelligence scores and psychological symptom scores for the total sample ranged from -0,04 to -0,29, respectively. Anger score had the lowest correlation with general intelligence and the sensibility score had the highest correlation with general intelligence. Total psychological symptom scores had a correlation of -0,23 with general intelligence scores. Other psychological symptom scores also had negative correlations with general intelligence scores. General intelligence scores had a correlation of -,27 with obsessive compulsive disorder, -,24 with somatization, -,18 with depression, -,23 with anxiety, -,24 with phobia, -,09 with paranoid tendency, and -,16 with psikotism. Conclusions: Research findings show that in general, as general intelligence level increases, the level of psychological symptom decreases and as general intelli-gence level decreases, the level of psychological symptom increases. However, when data was analyzed by participants’ parents’ gender, the pattern of relation-ship becomes positive. That is, correlations between general intelligence scores and psychological symptom scores among participants with mothers (n = 15 who had university or higher education become positive. Similar findings were ob-tained when data was analyzed by fathers’ educational levels. Correlations range from .10 to .78. In conclusion, as parents’ educational level increases, correlations between general intelligence and psychological symptoms of their children be-come negative. However, it should be noted that the number of sample is rather small in parents’ gender analysis. We strongly recommend that findings by the total sample should be paid more attention than parents’ gender groups.

    11. Toplumsal Yaşamımızda ve Türk Bilim Dünyasında “Profesyonel ve Profesyonellik” Kavramlarına Değin / Concepts of Professional and Professionalism, Concerning Our Social Lives and the Turkish Scientific World

      OpenAIRE

      İ. Haluk Gökçora

      2005-01-01

      Professional respect stands out as one of the forerunners of social ethical behaviour. Insufficient respect and lack of interest for professionalism, the mistrust of professionals directed to one another, their superficial knowledge about other professionals cause social deprivation resulting in important loss of time and material values. Problems and conflict arise when unethical attitude and behavior towards others, upon their ideas and even further, their overconcern and intervention invol...

    12. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on area consortium research and development business, 1st year. Area consortium energy research and development (biofuel production by advanced function bioreactor); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium energy bun'ya. Kokino bio reactor ni yoru bio nenryo seisan ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1999-03-01

      Studies were made to produce ethanol directly from starch and cellulose and to collect biodiesel fuels from waste oil by an enzymatic method. For an increase in the yield of biodiesel fuel production, lipase enzymes were explored and optimum reaction conditions were sought for. Starch decomposition was quick for conversion into the target material in a system with the co-expression of amylase and glucoamylase present on the yeast cell surface layer. There was dramatically rapid progress in the increase of enzymatic activity in the cell, although dependent on cell membrane surface treatment conditions. In the generation of acetaminophen by recombinant cohesive yeasts, highly active and expressive yeasts were automatically fixed in the porous support (intelligent bioreactor) while those deactivated or dead were automatically removed. For the construction of a fuzzy control system for this reaction, basic models were investigated, built on the basis of the enzymatic model of reaction and substance balance. A high-precision structural analysis was conducted for the exploration of secondary structure stabilizing factors in protein and peptide and for the elucidation of correlations between structure and function. (NEDO)

    13. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of 3D high speed bio-micromanipulation system (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / sanjigen kosoku bio-micromanipulation system no kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      This is aimed at developing a 3D high speed bio-micromanipulation system for small objects such as cells, bacteria and DNA. In fiscal 1997, a common platform for putting together and integrating individual technology owned by each member is trially fabricated, and the R and D of element technology to be integrated to it is divided up among members. As to selection/transportation technology, a basic experiment on screening by laser beams and electric field is conducted, and microfluid chips isolating bacteria are fabricated. Concerning positioning/fixation technology, cells and others which are comparatively larger than bacteria are freely positioned, and microdevices for fixation are trially fabricated. Relating to power measuring/controlling technology, developed is a multi-freedom degree contact type micromanipulator and a multi-axial minute sensor which enables the 3D mechanical manipulation of cells of the above-mentioned size, etc. The minute processing technology is developed to trially fabricate various microdevices which are integrated into the common flatform. 42 refs., 89 figs., 9 tabs.

    14. FEYYAZ KAYACAN’S ÇOCUKTAKİ BAHÇE IN NOVEL HOME AND STREET CONTRAST OR INSIDER AND OUTSIDER FEYYAZ KAYACAN’IN ÇOCUKTAKİ BAHÇE ROMANINDA EV VE SOKAK KARŞITLIĞI YA DA İÇERDEKİLER VE DIŞARDAKİLER

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nilüfer İLHAN

      2011-09-01

      Full Text Available Feyyaz Kayacan is one of the competent writers of 1950 years who has started his literary studies with stories near by poetry. Although he is noted for poetry and stories, he writes his single novel in 1982 which called as „Çocuktaki Bahçe‟. In this novel the topic was the sublimating of street and outsider against home and insider by a character whose name was Feyzi. In this study we aimed to stress a close relationship between place and human and also emphasized that the place had left deep impression on the human memory in childhood. In the study, primarily it is mentioned that the relationship between space and human and it is talked about Feyyaz Kayacan „s literary perspective, places and person in the novel. İlk edebî macerası şiirle başlayan Feyyaz Kayacan, 1950‟li yıllarda yazmaya başladığı şiir diline yakın öykülerle 1950 kuşağının yetkin isimlerinden biridir. Kayacan, şiir ve öyküleriyle tanınmakla birlikte, 1982 yılında Çocuktaki Bahçe adlı da tek romanını yazar. Romanda, çocukluğu baskıcı bir evde geçen Feyzi adlı karakterin eve ve içerdekilere karşılık sokağı ve dışardakileri yüceltmesi söz konusu edilir. Bu çalışma, Çocuktaki Bahçe romanında mekân ve insan arasında yakın bir ilişkinin olduğunu ve özellikle çocukluk dönemindeki mekân ve o mekânı şekillendiren insanların, insan hafızasında derin izler bıraktığını vurgulamak amacını taşır. Çalışmada öncelikli olarak mekân ve insan arasındaki ilişkiye değinilmiş; sonrasında da Feyyaz Kayacan‟ın edebî anlayışına ve romandaki mekânlara ve kişilere yer verilmiştir.

    15. Sağlık Kurumlarında Çalışanların Kurumda Kalma ya da Ayrılma Kararlarının Belirlenmesinde Örgütsel Bağlılığın Etkisi: İzmir İlinde Bir Araştırma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Suna AKÇA

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available Sağlık hizmetlerinde hastalara güvenli ve kaliteli sağlık hizmeti sunmak kadar sağlık hizmet sunucularının memnuniyeti ve kuruma bağlılıkları da o kadar önemlidir. Daha verimli ve performansı yüksek çalışmayı amaç edinen sağlık kurum ve kuruluşları, çalışanlarının örgütsel bağlılıklarını artırmak için çeşitli politikalar geliştirmek zorundadırlar. Bu çalışma İzmir’de bulunan bir kamu diş merkezinde sağlık çalışanlarının örgütsel bağlılıkları ve işten ayrılma eğilimleri arasındaki ilişkiyi test etmek için yapılmıştır. Araştırma konularının arasındaki ilişkiyi test etmek için Allen ve Mayer tarafından geliştirilen “Örgütsel Bağlılık Ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları; sağlık çalışanlarının örgütsel bağlılıklarının düzeylerinin düşük olduğuna, örgütsel bağlılık faktörleri arasında pozitif bir ilişkinin mevcut olduğuna ve işten ayrılma düzeyleri ile negatif orantı gösterdiğine işaret etmektedir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Sağlık Kurumları, Örgütsel Bağlılık, İşten Ayrılma JEL Sınıflandırma Kodları: I19, M19

    16. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / R and D of a task adaptation type group architecture transfer robot system, TRIPTERS (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / task tekigogata gun kosei hanso robot system TRIPTERS no kaihatsu kenkyu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      The paper stated the fiscal 1997 result of the development of a task adaptation type group architecture transfer robot system (TRIPTERS) which can cope with changes in carrying task rapidly and flexibly. R and D were conducted mainly of various functional modules, the operation management technology which enables group architecture, and the basic design of a standardized transfer robot. As to the positioning, studied were the construction of the basic hardware of laser position measuring device, and the application method. Concerning the cooperative carrying, conducted were securing of positioning accuracy of matters to be carried, high speed heavy transfer control, and design of dead reckoning system. Relating to the operation management, passable areas were divided into more than one zones, and the effective path reservation method was constructed so that one and the same zone is not occupied. As to the environmental recognition/obstacle avoidance, developed were actual hour/distance acquisition equipment, and autonomous cars running according to the directions of the color sign recognition system by stereo CCD camera. Also conducted were the development of methods to recognize the distance to obstacles and to discriminate areas, the development of mobile sensor, and the basic experiment on running of the demonstration machine. 44 refs., 153 figs., 15 tabs.

    17. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Quantification of the sensory evaluation and international standardization in the paint field; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Toryo bun`ya ni okeru kanno hyoka no teiryoka to kokusai hyojunka

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      Japanese paint users demand products of higher-quality than users in the U.S. and Europe, and therefore, paint makeres in Japan are making strenuous efforts to improve the product quality in terms of homogeneity, appearence and durability of the surface of paint films. However, the evaluation of paint surfaces is conducted by the qualitative sensory evaluation, resulting in obtaining no appropriate evaluation. Accordingly, the following were developed as new evaluation methods which give rational and economical indicators, contribute to shortening of the period for development of new products, and aim at the international standardization: 1) quantitative evaluation of the paint drying process; 2) image analysis of the degraded part of paint films; 3) surface analysis of paint films. In 1), a kinetic friction measuring quantitative evaluation of the surface of paint films was developed. In 2), the development of an exclusive program by the image analysis made the quantitative evaluation with high accuracy/reliability possible. In 3), an evaluation method was developed in which differences among the specimens can be detected by the chemiluminescent measurement in an extremely early stage of exposure when the gloss change just begins. As to the chalking, a new evaluation was developed in which the degree of chalking can quantitatively be evaluated by attaching a special adhesion tape to the degraded part of paint films and by the optical measurement of the degree of transparency. 101 refs., 341 figs., 118 tabs.

    18. Present status of and subjects on the industrial utilization of polymer separation membranes. Japan`s first largest sea water desalination plant by RO; Kobunshi bunrimaku no sangyo riyo no genjo to kadai. Zosui bun`ya ni okeru maku riyo

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Furuichi, M. [Kurita Water Industries Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

      1998-07-05

      The utilization in Japan and abroad is discussed of desalination methods using evaporation, reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, and electrodialysis membranes, out of various desalination techniques for seawater and others containing more salt. A new seawater desalination plant built in Okinawa, Japan, is outlined, and the future trend of Japan`s efforts for desalination is predicted. The said plant in Okinawa is the largest ever built in this country, and occupies 4th or 5th place in terms of capacity among similar facilities across the world. It was completed in April, 1997, and produces pure water at a rate of 40,000m{sup 3}/day. This plant, operating on RO, comprises eight RO membrane units each capable of 5131{sup 3}/day. The membranes are of the spiral type, consisting of Toray`s crosslinked aramid-base composite membranes and Nitto Denko`s membranes composed totally of crosslinked aromatic polyamide. The greatest of the pending tasks is to reduce the desalination cost. As for the operating cost of the desalination facility at the current stage, it costs 120-130 yen/m{sup 3} on the 40,000m{sup 3}/day scale, and the power cost occupies approximately 60% of the total operating cost. It is concluded that the consumption of electric power and chemicals per pure water produced have to be reduced. 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

    19. Load leveling of the Tohoku Electric Power Co. Development of ice storage cold-water manufacturing unit/solid organic waste treatment equipment using midnight power for cold district; Tohoku Denryoku no fuka heijunka. Kori chikunetsu reisui seizo unit no kaihatsu, shin`ya denryoku riyo kanreichi muke kokei yuki haikibutsu shori sochi no kaihatsu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-10-01

      An ice storage cold-water manufacturing unit that can manufacture cold water at a stable temperature near 0degC by using midnight power and a solid organic waste treatment facility were developed. The high-speed melting of ice is required to stabilize the cold-water temperature. Therefore, experimental investigation was performed. A piece of flake-shaped ice whose surface area and storage quality are balanced was used. A system that melts ice using the melting tank installed outside an icebox, and a high-speed melting system of ice based on the mixing unit installed in a melting tank were also used together. In the validation test of a prototype for smaller food factories, the following was confirmed. Manufacturing of cold water at about 1degC, amount of cooled water, stability of output water temperature for a change in water temperature, and good storage of ice in an icebox. In the prototype developed for a solid organic waste treatment facility, satisfactory performance was confirmed for following. Temperature in a fermenter when wastes were put, moisture content in a fermenter, pH value, net loss when the refuse of fish is put, and saving of an electricity rate. 6 figs., 2 tabs.

    20. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production information integration). With the actual local industrial article as standard, which has features in design and was added with local traditionality, such as glass having 3D free-form surface, 3D shape information modeling technology RE is developed, and a system for direct automatic metal mold processing is established, aiming at shortening of delivery date, cost reduction and higher grade. The target of the research is Okinawa prefecture. In fiscal 1997, study was made of the speeding-up of the non-contact 3D shape information inputting (multi-point simultaneous inputting by CCD of the laser reflected light of the actual model) and the data storage technology. Cast iron was selected as molding materials, judging from reactivity/machinability with heat resistant glass. Also studied was the blend of glass materials suitable for press forming. Further, studies were proceeded with of development of intellectual cutting tools into which sensor function is integrated and of virtual reality for facilitating/accelerating the design up to metal mold manufacturing. 39 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

    1. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field/R and D high performance flat panel display technology (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / koseino flat panel display gijutsu no sogo kaihatsu kenkyu (daiichi nendo ) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      One of the subjects in technology supporting the highly information-oriented society which will develop and diversify toward the 21st century is the construction of high grade man/machine interface. For it, high precision/high luminance/energy saving/thin plane displays are strongly requested. This R and D is to indicate models of systematical development in the region of element technology individually existing in the Shikoku area by forming a regional consortium in the industry/universities/government. Creation of new industries by gathering display related enterprises is a first step in a plan to realize `Display Island Shikoku.` As a concrete target, with the use of high-tech diamond semiconducting technology, a development is conducted of the high performance flat panel display using the negative electron affinity (NEA) electron emitter which drastically solves the problems such as luminance, visibility angle and response speed, the subjects on the commercialized liquid crystal flat panel display. 16 refs., 45 figs., 8 tabs.

    2. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Okul Yaşamının Niteliğine İlişkin Algılarının Cinsiyet ve Fakülte Değişkenlerine Göre İncelenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      Özdemir, Murat

      2012-01-01

      Introduction. The ultimate goal of the school as an organization is to improve students' knowledge, skills and behaviors through educational processes. But, it was claimed in the years of 1960s and 1970s that schools did not perform its duties well (Coleman, 1966; Friedenberg, 1965; Illich, 1971; Kozol, 1967; Silberman, 1971).Fortunately, with the emergence of ‘effective schools movement' in 1970s it was understood that schools might be effective in case they h...

    3. RegCM4.3.5 Bölgesel İklim Modelini Kullanarak Türkiye ve Çevresi Bölgelerin Yakın Gelecekteki Hava Sıcaklığı ve Yağış Klimatolojileri İçin Öngörülen Değişikliklerin İncelenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      TURP, M. Tufan; ÖZTÜRK, Tuğba; TÜRKEŞ, Murat; KURNAZ, M. Levent

      2014-01-01

      In this study, projected future changes for the period of 2020 – 2050 in mean air temperature and precipitation climatology and year-to-year variability with respect to the control period of 1970 – 2000 were investigated for the domain of Turkey via regional climate model simulations. In order to investigate the projected changes in near future climate conditions, Regional Climate Model (RegCM4.3.5) of ICTP (International Centre for Theoretical Physics) was driven by three different global cl...

    4. Güncellenmiş Öğrenci Yaşamı Stres Envanteri'nin Türkçe'ye Uyarlanması, Dil Geçerliği ve Ön Psikometrik İncelemesi

      OpenAIRE

      BALOĞLU, Mustafa; BARDAKCI, Salih

      2010-01-01

      The purpose of the present research was to adapt and study the initial validity and reliability properties of the Student-life Stress Inventory-Revisited. The original inventory was developed to measure the sources of stress and reactions to stress in terms of physiological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive means among high school and university student populations. Study started by translating the items of the inventory into Turkish. Experts independently translated and then compared the...

    5. Çalışma Yaşamı Kalitesinin İş Memnuniyeti ve Bağlılık Üzerine Etkileri: Seyahat Acentaları Üzerine Bir Araştırma(Effects of the Quality of Work Life on Job Satisfaction and Commitment: a Research on Travel Agencies

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Oğuz TÜRKAY

      2015-06-01

      Full Text Available The quality of work life reveals how an employee perceives different aspects of his/ her workplace. Such perceptions with respect to the workplace have effects on job satisfaction, the desire to work in the current organization and the desire to work in the relevant line of work for years to come. The objective of the present study is to determine which determinants of the quality of work life have significant effects on job satisfaction, commitment to the organization and line of work. Data derived from employees of travel agencies by using the questionnaire technique was analyzed by using ordinal regression technique. The factors that affect job satisfaction, commitment to organization and commitment to line of work were detected.

    6. Las sociedades que utilizan las NIC/NIIF ya no tienen que reconciliar las cifras contables a us gaap. ¿está justificada esta decisión de la sec en el ámbito del sector de las telecomunicaciones?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Juan Palomares Laguna

      2009-01-01

      Por todo ello, consideramos acertada la decisión de la SEC, aunque futuras investigaciones deberán confirmar que las diferencias tienden a reducirse una vez que los efectos de la NIIF 1 se difuminan y que los avances previstos en la armonización de iure se trasladan a la armonización de facto.

    7. İlköğretim Öğrencilerinin Arkadaşlarıyla Yaşadığı Çatışmaları Çözmede Okuldaki Psikolojik Danışmanın Yardımına İlişkin Görüşleri

      OpenAIRE

      Atıcı, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Meral

      2014-01-01

      The purpose of this study is to find out whether 6th, 7th and 8th graders ask any help from school counsellor for resolving their conflicts with peers and to describe gender, socioeconomic and grade level differences. The study also aims to identify what conflicts students seek assistance for from school counsellor and what strategies students think school counsellor used in dealing with their conflicts. 6th, 7th and 8th graders attending five different schools at Seyhan and Yüreğir districts...

    8. 1917 Yılında Kafkas Cephesi'nde III. Ordu'ya Mensup 1869-1898 Doğumlu Askerler Üzerinde Yapılan Ankete Göre Askerlerin Aile Yapısı ile İlgili Bazı Bilgiler

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Burhan Sayılır

      2013-01-01

      Full Text Available Caucasian (Eastern Front, the first front opened upon the Ottoman Empire’s entering the First World War, witnessed severe battles. In the battles that began in December 1914, thousands of Turkish soldiers were lost in the action or by freezing because of the extremely cold weather or were put out of action as wounded or sick. In 1917, a survey on their family structure was implemented to the soldiers of the 3rd Army, who were born between 1869 and 1898 - in other words, between 19 and 48 years old. The survey consisted of thirty-three questions in the left column. Those questions can be classified roughly under 9 general topics, or more specific sub-domains. The first main topic was about the marital status of the soldiers and the sub-domains were “whether soldiers were married or not”, “if yes, how many times they got married”, “whether their wives were dead or alive” or “whether they were divorced or not”. The second main topic aims to identify soldiers between 15 and 35 years who had children. The sub-domains are intended to describe the ratio of the soldiers who had children in the abovementioned age range. The third main domain is about the number of the soldiers whose children were alive and aims to identify the number of their children; 1 to 4 or more than 4. Some of the provinces which were recorded in the forms of the soldiers included in the survey are Sivas, Ankara, Erzurum, Samsun, Trabzon, Konya, Adana, Kayseri, İzmir, Giresun, Ordu, Tokat, Amasya, Van, Diyarbakır, Halep, Kastamonu, Bursa, Harput (Elazığ, İstanbul, Musul, Edirne, Bitlis, Kayseri, Adana, etc. Most of the subdistricts which were put in the forms without mentioning the province are from Black Sea Region. Some of the subdistricts are Fatsa, Ünye, Çarşamba, Tirebolu, Of, Hopa, Erbaa, Vakfıkebir, Alucra, İskilip, Develi, Zile, İspir, Akçaabat, etc.

    9. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / R and D on process adaptive type flexible robot technology (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / kotei tekiogata flexible robot gijutsu ni kansuru kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      For the purpose of establishing robot technology required for the construction of a highly functional automation line with flexibility, the R and D were conducted. At Kumamoto University, a model following type power control system was studied into which polynominal trajectory formation algorithm was integrated. Also studied was damping control of robot arms in a disturbance environment. The following were further carried out: experimental verification (HIRATA Corporation) of the application of power control and intelligent control to transportation equipment production line, experimental verification (SAKURAI SEIGI Co. Ltd.) of the application of power control and intelligent control to semiconductor testing equipment, R and D (OMRON Corporation) of high accuracy force sensing and positioning system, research (Kumamoto Technopolis Foundation) on flexible arms/hands suitable for cooperative control, sensor-based skill (Electrotechnical Laboratory), research (Kyushu National Industrial Research Institute) on tactual system and tactual sensing, etc. 20 refs., 86 figs., 14 tabs.

    10. Fiscal 1998 regional consortium R and D project (Regional consortium field). Report on R and D of production technology of hybrid-type biocompatible hard tissue replacing materials (1st fiscal year); 1998 nendo chiiki konsoshiamu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki konsoshiamu bun'ya (hybrid gata seitai yugo kinosei kososhiki daitai sozai seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1996-03-01

      This project aims at development of high-strength high- biocompatible {beta}-type Ti alloy with lower modulli of elasticity composed of non-toxic elements, phosphate calcium ceramics for improving the biocompatibility and coating technology, and establishment of production technology of hybrid-type biocompatible hard tissue replacing materials. In fiscal 1998, the project promoted the following: Design of high-biocompatible {beta}-type Ti alloy materials, development of thermomechanical treatment for improving dynamic characteristics of such alloy, survey on practical melting and casting technologies and dental precision casting process, evaluation of the biocompatibility of the alloy by cytotoxicity, selection of tools for precision machining and surface finishing, control of contents, orientation and precipitation of biocompatible crystals such as {beta}- Ca(PO{sub 3}){sub 2} fibers for further improvement of the biocompatibility. This paper also outlines the survey results on the market needs, market size and market share for the feasibility of these materials. (NEDO)

    11. Spatial change phenomena in SA – explorations and innovations

      CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

      Van Niekerk, Willemien

      2014-05-01

      Full Text Available ). Ho tswa ho Mohlophisi Merero ya libaka naheng ya Afrika Borwa- chebisisong ya ona le mekhoe e mecha ya ona Willemien van Niekerk, Elsona van Huyssteen le Jo-Anne Chauvet, ba karolo ya CSIR Built Environment Re lakatsa ho lebisa mosebetsi ona ho... mosebetsi mmoho le motswalle oa rona, Maria Joe Coetzee a hlokahetseng ka la 2 November 2014. Mosebetsi o tswang bookeng ena e ncha ke bopaki ba bookameli ba hae bo ne bon a le chebelo pele, boitelo ba hae mererong ya libaka, ho etsa meano le...

    12. Eestlanna plahvatavas Oslos: Uskumatu, et see juhtus Norras, kus politsei ei kanna relvagi / Bianca Mikovitš ; kommenteerinud Turid Farbregd

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Mikovitš, Bianca

      2011-01-01

      Norras viibinud Marit Olmeti kirjeldused Oslos ja Utøya saarel toimunust. Mõnikümmend aastat tagasi Utøya saarel viibinud Tõnu Ints tolleaegsest olustikust. Professor Veronika Kalmus võõravihast Eestis ja Norras

    13. Türkiye’deki Ziraat Fakültelerinin Tarımsal Araştırma Eğilimleri: 1996-2011 Yılları Yaşam Bilimleri Veri Tabanı yayınlarının Bibliyometrik Analizi = Agricultural Research Trends of Agricultural Faculties in Turkey: Bibliometric Analysis of Publications Between 1996- 2011 in Life Sciences Database

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Can Besimoğlu

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Bilimsel araştırmaların incelenmesi ve analiz edilmesi, ülkelerin bilim ve teknoloji alanında yeni bilgi üretme, sorunları çözme, yenilik yaratma ve Ar-Ge faaliyetleri hakkında değerlendirilme yapılmasını sağlamaktadır. Bu araştırmada tarım konusunda 1996-2011 yılları arasında YBVT’de Türkiye’deki ziraat fakültesi adresli yayınlar konusal olarak analiz edilmiştir. Ayrıca sosyal ağ analizi ile tarımsal bilgi yapısı ve gelişmekte olan eğilimler görselleştirilmiştir. Konu analizi ile birlikte tarımda; DPT Kalkınma Planları, BTYK Toplantı Kararları/Bildirileri, TÜBİTAK Vizyon 2023 Gıda ve Tarım Paneli, Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı strateji belgeleri, TÜBİTAK Kamu Tarım Araştırma Programı vb. gibi önemli dokümanlarda yer alan öncelikli ve ağırlık verilmesi gereken politikaların/Ar-Ge alanlarının/konuların araştırmalara yansıyıp yansımadığı ortaya konulmaya çalışılmıştır. Türkiye’de belirlenen tarım politikaları ile ziraat fakültesi adresli yayınların konuları incelenerek karşılaştırıldığında hayvan kaynakları, bitki ıslahı ve genetiği, organik tarım, genotipler gibi başlıklarda sürekli araştırma yapıldığı saptanmıştır. Belirlenen diğer politikaların araştırmaya yönlendirilebilmesi için üniversitelerle DPT, TÜBİTAK, BTYK, Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı gibi önemli kurum ve kurumlardan yetkililerin bir arada çalışarak insangücü, fon kaynakları, destek ve teşviklerin daha etkin kılınması sağlanmalıdır. / Examination and analysis of scientific research provides evaluation about new knowledge production, solving problems, creating innovation and R&D activities on science and technology areas of countries. In this research, subject covarege of the publications of agricultural faculties in Turkey listed on Life Sciences Database (YBVT between 1996 and 2011 are analysed. In addition to that agricultural information structure and emerging trends are visuliazed with the social network analysis. With the subject analysis, whether the conducted research was compatible with the desired level of research regarding the emphasis and priorities in policies located in important documents like State Planning Organisation development plans, The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock strategy documents, The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK meeting decisions/proceedings, TÜBİTAK Vision 2023 Food and Agriculture Panel, TÜBİTAK Public Agriculture Research Program etc. is tried to be identified. When we compare policies with the faculty of agriculture publicaitons, such as animal resources, plant breeding and genetics, organic agriculture, genotypes are researched constantly. In order to direct stated other policies to the research, State Planing Organization, The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, TÜBİTAK, Supreme Council for Science and Technology cooperate with universities authorities and activate human resources, support and incentive funds more efficiently.

    14. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / Development of an environmentally friendly industrial cleaning system using near-critical and supercritical carbon dioxide (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / chorinkai ryutai wo mochiita kankyo chowagata kogyo senjo sochi no kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      In the manufacturing process of semiconductors and in the high tech industry, cleaning is indispensable. At present, when regulation of the use of CFC which used to be much used has been decided on, the conversion to the use of substitutes for CFC cleaning is urgently needed. Transfer to cleaning by water/alcohol/hydrocarbon has been proceeded with, but there are a lot of problems. Out of the development of the cleaning method using supercritical fluid, the paper described the fiscal 1997 result. As to enhancement of efficiency and decrease in size of equipment, a cleaning experiment by high pressure CO2 around the critical point was conducted by integrating nozzle, ultrasonic generator and cavitation generator and adding solvent circulating system. Multi-purpose and energy saving of the equipment were also studied. To establish an analysis method for the cleaning degree, the contaminated component film of trace organic matter with a specified thickness was formed on the silicon wafer, and using the Fourier transform ultrared spectroscopy, a method to determine the film thickness was studied. For the function evaluation for precision machine parts and determination of optimum cleaning conditions, the cleaning/degreasing process of valves were compared with the conventional method. For the product manufacturing, the paper investigated and prepared the data in Japan and from abroad. 55 refs., 79 figs., 18 tabs.

    15. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / Study on a new production process of functional thin films suitable for recycling and its application to colored glasses (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / recycle ni tekishita kinosei usumaku no shinki seizoho to chakushoku glass eno oyo ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      The paper described the fiscal 1997 result. Using organic pigment and dye, the basic composition of sol-gel colored coating liquid for glass bottles and sheets was selected to clarify characteristics of gel films. Moreover, chemical modification and optical sensitivity of metallic alkoxide were studied to obtain a trially produced colored glass bottle use coating liquid. As to sheet glass, strength of the gel film is low, which requires further improvement. In relation to optical sensitive gel films, the reaction of various metallic alkoxides and {beta}-diketones was discussed to clarify chemical reactivity with utltaviolet rays. Trial design was also conducted of the coating equipment. The paper examined by literature the present status of recycling systems of colored glass bottles and the technical development in European countries. The problem is a method to wash colored bottles for sterilization. To make colored films durable, it is necessary to form films by organic-inorganic hybrid thin films. Also discussed was a possibility of changing the washing method by administrative guidance. 27 refs., 62 figs., 42 tabs.

    16. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy field. Final year report. R and D on the bio-fuel production by high functional bio-reactor; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy bun'ya. Kokino bio reactor ni yoru bio nenryo seisan ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (saishu nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      2001-03-01

      A system was developed for producing automobile fuel from the recycled paper and waste cooking oil using high functional intelligent yeast. Element technology is the functional yeast creation technology and the online intelligent control technology of the process into which the fixed bio-reactor was inserted. Studies were made on the following: 1) creation of high activity lipase production/ethanol production yeasts; 2) bio-fuel production by intelligent bio-reactor; 3) process optimization control technology by fuzzy control; 4) stabilization of bio-fuel production yeast; 5) comprehensive investigational study. In FY 2000, the results were obtained as written below: development of the stable lipase coming from rhizopus japonicus, fixed bacterium using rhizopus oryzae fungus body which can be used more than ten times, direct ethanol fermentation from starch by developing the multi-copy glucoamylase manifestation yeast, operation of a 20L capacity bench plant, etc. (NEDO)

    17. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      1998-03-01

      Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

    18. Clinical presentation and molecular identification of four uncommon alpha globin variants in Thailand. Initiation codon mutation of α2-globin Gene (HBA2:c.1delA), donor splice site mutation of α1-globin gene (IVSI-1, HBA1:c.95 + 1G>A), hemoglobin Queens Park/Chao Pra Ya (HBA1:c.98T>A) and hemoglobin Westmead (HBA2:c.369C>G).

      Science.gov (United States)

      Viprakasit, Vip; Ekwattanakit, Supachai; Chalaow, Nipon; Riolueang, Suchada; Wijit, Sirirat; Tanyut, Porntep; Chat-Uthai, Nunthawut; Tachavanich, Kalaya

      2014-01-01

      Alpha thalassemia is the most common genetic disease in the world with the prevalence of carriers ranging from 5-50% in several populations. Coinheritance of two defective α-globin genes usually gives rise to a symptomatic condition, hemoglobin (Hb) H disease. Previously, it has been suggested from several studies in different populations that nondeletional Hb H disease (--/α(T)α or --/αα(T)) is generally more severe than the deletional type (--/-α). In this report, we describe four rare nondeletional α-thalassemia mutations in Thai individuals, including initiation codon mutation (HBA2:c.1delA), donor splice site mutation (IVSI-1, HBA1:c.95 + 1G>A), Hb Queens Park (HBA1:c.98T>A) [α32(B13)Met>Lys], and Hb Westmead (HBA2:c.369C>G) [α122(H5)His>Gln]. Interactions of the first three mutations with the α(0)-thalassemia resulted in nondeletional Hb H disease; however, their clinical presentations were rather mild and some were detected accidentally. This suggests that a genotype-phenotype correlation of α-thalassemia syndrome might be more heterogeneous and so the type of mutation does not simply imply the prediction of the resulting phenotype. Our data will be of use in future genetic counseling of such conditions that are increasingly identified thanks to the improvement of molecular analysis in routine laboratories. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    19. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy field. First year report. Development of the process for creation of new functional materials using electron beam excited plasma; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy bun'ya. Denshi beam reiki plasma wo mochiita shinkino zairyo sosei process no kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      2001-03-01

      The development of manufacturing technology was proceeded with for a high speed nitriding system using electron beam excited plasma device which realizes high dissociation for nitrogen molecules and controls the plasma state. By the device, the following are aimed at: high quality/high speed nitriding, formation of super-hard cubic system boron nitride (c-BN) and carbon nitride (CN) films on the surface of tools, and formation of TiO{sub 2} thin films with high infrared reflectance and environmental purification photocatalyst function. TiO{sub 2} thin films are assumed to be applied to window glass by making use of the high performance heat mirror function as well as the environmental purification function. Studies were made in the following 6 fields: 1)development of small electron beam excitation plasma source; 2) development of high speed nitrided container; 3) establishment of technology for real-time monitoring of radicals and ions; 4) design/trial manufacture of a device to form super-hard nitrided thin films; 5) development of heat mirror film formation device; 6) establishment of a method to evaluate effects of photocatalyst. (NEDO)

    20. Author Details

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Mlaga, Wallace. Vol 15, No 1 (2017) - Articles Historia ya Kiswahili Nchini Rwanda: Kielelezo cha Nafasi ya Utashi wa Kisiasa katika Ustawi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili Abstract. ISSN: 0856-552X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

    1. Author Details

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Shembilu, MMS. Vol 73, No 1 (2010) - Articles Mabadiliko Ya Kifonolojia Na Kimofolojia Wakati Wa Utohozi Wa Maneno Ya Kiarabu Katika Kiswahili: Mifano Kutoka Kamusi Ya Kiswahili Sanifu (Tuki 2004) Abstract. ISSN: 0023-1886. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

    2. Utata kuhusu Dhana na Chimbuko la Wahadimu katika Kisiwa cha ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Data za makala haya zimepatikana kupitia usaili na majadiliano ya majopo ya wazungumzaji wa Kimakunduchi na Unguja na kujadili kwa muhtasari chimbuko la Wahadimu. Kwa muda mrefu dhana ya Wahadimu imekuwa ikijadiliwa kwa mitazamo tofautitofauti kama inavyobainishwa na wataalamu mbalimbali wakiwemo ...

    3. Reconstructing the informal economic sector in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      ho ba fetola mehofe.Taba ena ya sehloho sena e sentse metheo ya kgwebo ya bahwebi ba seng molaong, ho falliswa batho le ho tshwara ba tsamaisang kgwebo ena ...... 161-192. SCHNEIDER, F. 1997. The shadow economies of Western Europe. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. TIBAIJUKA, A.K. 2005. Report of the fact.

    4. Browse Title Index

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Flavia Aiello Traore. Vol 15, No 1 (2017), Taswira ya Utandawazi katika Riwaya Mpya ya Kiswahili: Mfano wa Riwaya ya Dunia Yao, Abstract. Alex Umbima Kevogo. Vol 14, No 1 (2016), The spread of Kiswahili lexis into the interior Bantu: the case of names of new world cereals and tubers in Tanzanian Bantu, Abstract.

    5. Representations in Award-Winning LGBTQ Young Adult Literature from 2000-2013.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Jiménez, Laura M

      2015-01-01

      Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) young adult (YA) literature is increasing in popularity, with novels like Bil Wright's Putting Makeup on the Fat Boy winning the two LGBTQ YA honors--the Lambda Literary and Stonewall Book Awards--as well awards commending their cultural diversity. Despite the upsurge of celebrated LGBTQ YA literature, a study of the protagonists in Lambda- and Stonewall-winning YA novels from 2000-2013 reveals three findings: the dominance of White, gay, male characters contradicts the trend toward strong female protagonists in mainstream YA; stories about lesbians are primarily tragic; and there are no bisexual protagonists.

    6. The influence of political candidates' facial appearance on older and younger adults' voting choices and actual electoral success.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Franklin, Robert G; Zebrowitz, Leslie A

      2016-01-01

      Younger adults (YA) judgments of political candidates' competence from facial appearance accurately predict electoral success. Whether this is true for older adults (OA) has not been investigated despite the fact that OA are more likely to vote than YA and may respond differently to particular facial qualities. We examined whether OA and YA ratings of competence, trustworthiness, attractiveness, and babyfaceness of opposing candidates in US Senate elections independently predicted their own vote choices and actual election outcomes. OA and YA ratings of attractiveness, competence, and trustworthiness positively predicted their choices, but the effect of competence was weaker for OA. Babyfaceness negatively predicted OA, but not YA, choices. OA and YA competence ratings equally predicted the actual election winners, while OA, but not YA, attractiveness ratings did so. Trustworthy and babyface ratings did not predict actual winners. These findings have implications for understanding age differences in candidate preferences and the prediction of election outcomes.

    7. Vegetasjonskartlegging i Vegaøyan verdensarvområde 2010

      OpenAIRE

      Aune, Sigrun; Carlsen, Thomas

      2011-01-01

      Vegetasjonen på et utvalg øyer ble kartlagt i 2010 for å få oversikt over de botaniske verdiene. De kartlagte øyene inkluderer Store Emårsøya, Kvalholmen, Omnøya, øyer rundt Lisøya, samt noen enkeltøyer nord for hovedøya Vega. Vegetasjonstyper etter Fremstad (1997) er fremstilt på kart og rapporten inneholder i tillegg artslister over registrerte planter. Kartleggingen skal brukes som grunnlag for senere utarbeiding av skjøtselsplaner for områdene og ses i sammenheng med tidligere kartlegging...

    8. KIRSAL KESİMDE “YAŞLI KADIN” OLMAK

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Zuhal GÜLER

      2016-12-01

      Full Text Available kalmaktadır. Şöyle ki, Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK İstatistiklerle Yaşlılar 2014 verilerine göre2008 yılında kırsal alanda yaşayan yaşlı nüfusun oranı %10,2 iken, bu 2014’te %14,6’yayükselmiştir. Kentsel alanda ise toplam nüfus içindeki yaşlı nüfus oranı 2008’de 5,7 iken, 2014yılında 7,4’e çıkmıştır. Dolayısıyla kentsel alanda da yaşlı nüfus oranı artmakla birlikte, oransalolarak kırsal alandaki yaşlı nüfus, kentsel alana göre çok daha yüksektir. Çalışmanın konusunu yazkışsürekli olarak kırsal alanda yaşayan yaşlı nüfustan, kadın nüfus oluşturmaktadır.Hem kadın hem de yaşlı kadın olmak, dezavantajlı konumu pekiştirmektedir. Konu ile ilgililiteratür de incelendiğinde yaşlı kadınların yaşlı erkeklere göre yoksul ve yalnız yaşama olasılığıdaha fazla olmaktadır. Çalışmanın amacını kırsal kesimde yaşayan kadın yaşlıların öncelikli sorunve müdahale alanlarının ortaya konulmasıdır.Çalışmanın örneklemini Sivas ili Zara ilçesinin 20 köyünde yaz-kış sürekli yaşayan 65 yaş ve üzeri83 kadın oluşturmaktadır. Veriler doğrudan görüşme yolu ile soru formu uygulanarak derlenmiştir.

    9. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the analysis of factors contributing to the development of venture firms in the U.S. and Europe in the domain of energy technology, and survey of the actualities of venture firms in the Asian region (China) and the feasibility of their coordination with Japan; 2000 nendo energy gijutsu bun'ya ni okeru venture kigyo no hatten yoin bunseki oyobi Asia chiiki (Chugoku) ni okeru venture kigyo no jittai to Nippon tono renkei no kanosei ni kansuru chosa

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      2001-03-01

      In search of measures to take for raising, developing and integrating venture firms, studies are made about the process and factors of growth after the corporatization of venture firms in the U.S. and Europe, and then about the mechanism of industrial integration in newly-arising high technology- and novel industry-intensive areas and the actualities of strategic clustering. In China, studies are made about feasibility of coordination with Japan. Activities are conducted in the four domains of (1) the analysis of development and growth factors after launching a venture firm in the U.S., (2) analysis of factors contributing to the development of industrial integration in newly-arising high-technology areas, (3) actualities of assistance to ventures in Europe, and (4) the survey of venture trends in China. In domain (4), venture firm creating, raising, and assisting conditions are studied. Also studied are the actual state of venture firm creating, raising, and assisting, and some cases of venture firm creation and raising. (NEDO)

    10. 'Iktibasi' katika Tenzi za Mwanakupona na Al-Inkishafi | Beja | Kioo ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Makala haya yanatazama tenzi za kale za Kiswahili kwa mkabala wa kitabu kitukufu cha Kurani na Sunnah za Mtume Muhammad (SAW). Wahakiki wengi wamechambua tenzi hizi za kale na kutoa maoni kwamba zina maudhui ya dini ya Kiislamu. Hata hivyo ushahidi halisi wa jinsi watunzi walivyochota maudhui yao ...

    11. Majibu Kwa Makala “Mkanganyiko Wa Dhana Za Mzizi, Kiini Na ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Masuala yanayojadiliwa na Gambarage ni ya uwanja wa mofolojia au sarufimaumbo katika taaluma ya isimu. Uwanja huu unaochunguza maneno na muundo wake katika lugha unajihusisha na vipengele na michakato mingi ambayo, kwa hakika itabidi iendelee kuchunguzwa kwa namna mbalimbali. Mchunguzi wa ...

    12. Author Details

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Mtesigwa, PCK. Vol 72, No 1 (2009) - Articles Utayarishaji Wa Vitabu Vya Kufundishia Kiswahili Kama Lugha Ya Kigeni: Haja Ya Kuzingatia Mkabala Wa Mawasiliano Abstract. ISSN: 0023-1886. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

    13. Young Adult Literature: From Romance to Realism

      Science.gov (United States)

      Cart, Michael

      2010-01-01

      Today's young adult (YA) literature is every bit as complex as the audience it's written for, unflinchingly addressing such topics as homosexuality, mental illness, AIDS and drug abuse. In this much expanded revision of his 1996 book, veteran author Michael Cart shows how the best of contemporary YA lit has evolved to tackle such daunting subjects…

    14. Muziki wa Hip Hop na Haki Za Kijamii: Dhima, Changamoto na ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Ni dhahiri kuwa haki za kijamii zinaweza kuwasilishwa kwa jamii pana kupitia sanaa ya hip hop. Makala haya basi, yanabainisha dhima na mchango wa muziki wa hip hop katika masuala ya haki za kijamii, yanafafanua changamoto za muziki huu katika kuwasilisha haki za kijamii na kutoa mapendekezo kwa makundi ...

    15. 'Mgogoro' wa Ushairi wa Kiswahili bado Upo?: Uchunguzi wa ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Nyimbo za muziki wa Hip hop na Bongo fleva zimekuwa maarufu nchini Tanzania kuanzia miaka ya 1980. Nyimbo hizi, kama mojawapo ya tanzu au kipera cha ushairi simulizi wa Kiswahili, zimekuwa ni chanzo kizuri cha utafiti kuhusiana na masuala mbalimbali yahusikayo. Miongoni mwa mambo yanayoonekana kuanza ...

    16. Ruwaza za shujaa na uibuaji wa dhamira: mifano kutoka utendi Wa ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Emmanuel (2013:33) anatuambia kwamba, utendi ni utanzu wa dunia nzima na kwamba, tendi zote zinazojulikana huwa na matukio yanayofanana na yanaweza kuwa ya kihistoria na visakale au visasili. Kwa hali hiyo, tunashawishika kusema kuwa utendi wa Gilgamesh unahusu matukio ya kishujaa ambayo yanaweza ...

    17. Age-related influences of prior sleep on brain activation during verbal encoding

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Michelle B Jonelis

      2012-04-01

      Full Text Available Disrupted sleep is more common in older adults (OA than younger adults (YA, often co-morbid with other conditions. How these sleep disturbances affect cognitive performance is an area of active study. We examined whether brain activation during verbal encoding correlates with sleep quantity and quality the night before testing in a group of healthy OA and YA. Twenty-seven OA (ages 59-82 and twenty-seven YA (ages 19-36 underwent one night of standard polysomnography. Twelve hours post-awakening, subjects performed a verbal encoding task while undergoing functional MRI. Analyses examined the group (OA vs. YA by prior sleep quantity (Total Sleep Time (TST or quality (Sleep Efficiency (SE interaction on cerebral activation, controlling for performance. Longer TST promoted higher levels of activation in the bilateral anterior parahippocampi in OA and lower activation levels in the left anterior parahippocampus in YA. Greater SE promoted higher activation levels in the left posterior parahippocampus and right inferior frontal gyrus in YA, but not in OA. The roles of these brain regions in verbal encoding suggest, in OA, longer sleep duration may facilitate functional compensation during cognitive challenges. By contrast, in YA, shorter sleep duration may necessitate functional compensation to maintain cognitive performance, similar to what is seen following acute sleep deprivation. Additionally, in YA, better sleep quality may improve semantic retrieval processes, thereby aiding encoding.

    18. IRAKI NEW.pmd

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Administrator

      Karne ya ishirini na moja kwa kweli ni muhimu katika historia ya ulimwengu mzima. Hii ni karne ambayo imeshuhudia kuingia kwa utandawazi kwa kiwango cha juu sana ikilinganishwa na karne zingine zilizopita. Kwa hakika, utandawazi si tukio jipya ulimwenguni bali umekuwepo kwa karne nyingi japo kwa viwango vya ...

    19. Utafiti Wa Lahaja Za Kiswahili: Uzoefu Wa Uwandani | Ismail ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Katika ujumla wake, historia ya utafiti, na hasa utafiti wa uwandani, ni historia ya jitihada za binadamu katika kujishughulisha kwake ili ayaelewe masuala mengi mtambuka katika mazingira fungamanishi. Hakuna mtafiti yeyote anayeweza kudai kuwa utafiti wa mada fulani katika eneo fulani umekamilika na ...

    20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry.

      Science.gov (United States)

      1988-12-23

      2 Resolution of Raman Spectra into Constituent Components [R. Ya. Yuga , Yu. L. Khaldna; ZHURNAL...Shushakov, and Yu. D. Tsvetkov, Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combus- [Article by R. Ya. Yuga and Yu. L. Khaldna, Institute of tion, Siberian Department

    1. Wasifu wa Mwanamiti | Khalili | Kioo cha Lugha

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Utungo huu umetungwa kwa heshima ya marehemu Profesa Wangari Maathai, mama mtunza mazingira, aliyejitolea kwa hali na mali kutetea haki, usawa wa jinsi, amani, demokrasia na umoja wa taifa la Kenya. Mama huyo alikuwa mwanamke wa kwanza nchini Kenya kupata shahada ya uzamivu akiwa na umri wa miaka ...

    2. 154. ¿Es útil el sistema de asistencia oxigenador de membrana extracorpórea en el tromboembolismo pulmonar masivo?

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      J.A. Sarralde

      2012-04-01

      Conclusión: El sistema ECMO venoarterial es muy útil en pacientes con TEP, ya que realiza dos funciones: descargar el corazón derecho y oxigenar al paciente. Podemos heparinizar al paciente para revertir el cuadro, ya que las incisiones a nivel femoral son fácilmente controladas.

    3. Author Details

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Henry, Grace. Vol 78, No 1 (2015) - Articles Ruwaza ya Simulizi za Watumwa katika Riwaya ya Uhuru wa Watumwa Abstract. ISSN: 0023-1886. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use ...

    4. The muon g−2 in two-Higgs-doublet models

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      2016-08-24

      Aug 24, 2016 ... allows a light boson having large Yukawa couplings enhanced by tanβ. While the type-II option .... Minimization of the scalar potential determines the vacuum expectation values 〈 0 ... Page 3 of 9 41. Table 1. The normalized Yukawa couplings for up- and down-type quarks and charged leptons. yA u. yA d.

    5. Varun Sahni

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      ... Journal of Science Education. Volume 16 Issue 5 May 2011 pp 409-427 General Article. Ya B. Zeldovich (1914–1987) - Chemist, Nuclear Physicist, Cosmologist · Varun Sahni · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 16 Issue 5 May 2011 pp 463-467 Personal Reflections. Ya B. Zeldovich – Personal Reminiscences of a Pupil.

    6. International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Pearl Millet as an Alternative to Maize or Sorghum in the Diets of Broilers in Sokoto, Nigeria · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. YA Bashar ... FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. YA Bashar, HM Tukur, W Akin, AA Hassan, AA Sekoni, A Abubakar, 9-15 ...

    7. Nerdfighters, "Paper Towns," and heterotopia

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lili Wilkinson

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available Socially and politically controlled teenagers find emancipatory spaces in young adult (YA literature, spaces where institutions can be challenged and individuals can gain agency and empowerment. Drawing on Foucault's theory of heterotopia, I examine the literary spaces in John Green's YA novel Paper Towns and examine how Green's online social networking community Nerdfighters shares an ideological common ground with the novel.

    8. The stereotypical portrayal of female characters in the drama Mahlo ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      The aim of this paper is to examine the stereotypical portrayal of female characters in Xitsonga literature with special reference to Mahlo ya Nkwahle. The drama was written in the late 20th century. The main focus of Mahlo ya Nkwahle is on how three women influence one another to enrich themselves by killing their ...

    9. Microsoft Word - Ogirisi vol 12s 2016 13 Nkoli Nyingide.doc

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      Dean SPGS NAU

      ya, į mara na ego e ji lụ nne ya lara n'iyi, “A tụọrọ „mara o mara, ma a tụọrọ ofeke, o fenye isi n'ọhia”, “Onye nzuzu gara ikpe bilịri įla mgbe ọ hụrụ ka ndį ibe ya biliri ma na-ajụ mgbe a ga-ebi ikpe” -ihe kpatara nke a bụ na o ghọtaghị ilu e ji bie ikpe. Ndį Igbo na-esite n'ilu ha ezipụta echiche ha, nkwenye ha, nsiriųụwa ha.

    10. Automatización del Manejo de Materiales. Una Metodología para el diseño, Selección y Automatización de Equipos

      OpenAIRE

      Portales Castro, Dany O.

      2000-01-01

      Una parte fundamental de los procesos de manufactura es el manejo de materiales, ya que es el medio por el cual los procesos productivos interactÚan entre si y los bienes son llevados hasta el cliente. Sin embargo, históricamente, a los sistemas de manejo de materiales no se les da la importancia necesaria durante los procesos de planeación e implementación de nuevas plantas o líneas de producción ya que, comÚnmente, se adquieren hasta el final del proyecto, ya cuando los equipos productivos ...

    11. La tecnología aplicada al trabajo: su impacto en la subjetividad laboral

      OpenAIRE

      Filippi, Graciela

      2009-01-01

      Ya no existen dudas acerca del impacto que la tecnología ha producido sobre la subjetividad laboral de quienes trabajan, sobre todo por que ya casi no quedan oficios, profesiones, actividades, que puedan prescindir de ella.Todo esta ya, atravesado por su presencia, para bien o para mal.Este trabajo pretende dar cuenta de esto, desde lo que sucede en relación a la conformación de la identidad de los sujetos laborales, a su capacidad de adaptación a los cambios permanentes e imprevisibles, a la...

    12. La elaboración de la guerrera en Los hijos de la barbuda: a propósito de la «mujer varonil»

      OpenAIRE

      Cuéllar, Donají

      2011-01-01

      La guerrera del teatro del Siglo de Oro español no tuvo la importancia de la amazona y la líder, ya que solía aparecer en una sola escena de gran animación espectacular situada casi siempre al final de la obra, ya fuera guerrera ocasional o profesional. Por lo general, explica la investigadora, las protagonistas suelen ser mujeres que van a la guerra a seguir ya a su amado, a su amante, a su esposo o a su padre, que regresan al hogar y finalmente se casan, de acuerdo con las co...

    13. Diferenciação genética entre populações de Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes, Pimelodidae isoladas pelos saltos de Guaíra do rio Paraná Genetic differentiation among populations of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes, Pimelodidae isolated by the Guaíra Falls in the Paraná River

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sônia Maria Alves Pinto Prioli

      2002-05-01

      Full Text Available Os saltos de Guaíra, também denominados Sete Quedas, constituíam até 1982 uma barreira para a dispersão de peixes migradores. Este trabalho teve por objetivo verificar se populações de Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Osteichthyes, Pimelodidae eram isoladas pelos saltos de Guaíra. Amostras provenientes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná (PL, do reservatório Itaipu (IT e de jusante de Yacyretá (YA, foram comparadas por RAPD. O FST de Lynch foi significativo entre PL e IT (0,090 e PL e YA (0,112. O fluxo gênico estimado (Nm variou de 2,0 entre PL e YA a 8,1 entre IT e YA, e a distância genética de Nei de D = 0,0638 entre PL e YA a D = 0,0174 entre IT e YA. Estes resultados indicam existência de diferenciação genética e que, possivelmente, Sete Quedas isolavam reprodutivamente as populações. Sugerem, também, a possibilidade de áreas diferentes de desova, impedindo parcialmente a homogeneização genética das populações IT e PL.Until 1982, the Guaíra Falls, also named the Seven Falls, constituted a barrier to the dispersion of migratory fish in the Paraná River. The objective of this work was to verify if populations of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Osteichthyes, Pimelodidae were isolated by the Guaíra Falls. Samples from the Upper Paraná River floodplain (PL, the Itaipu reservoir (IT, and downstream Yacyretá reservoir (YA were compared by RAPD markers. Lynch's FST was significant between PL and IT (0.090, and PL and YA (0.112. Estimated gene flow (Nm varied from 2.0 between PL and YA to 8.1 between IT and YA. Nei's genetic distance varied from D = 0.0638 between PL and YA to D = 0.0174 between IT and YA. These results indicate the existence of genetic differentiation and that, possibly, the Guaíra Falls isolated the populations reproductively. They also suggest the possibility of different spawning areas, partially avoiding the genetic homogenization of the IT and PL populations.

    14. Propuesta del diseño de un manual de control interno administrativo y contable para el Área de Contabilidad de la Universidad Politécnica Salesiana

      OpenAIRE

      Guzmán Nivicela, Diana Verónica; Pintado Palomeque, Mayra Alexandra

      2012-01-01

      El Control Interno hoy en día es una herramienta indispensable para cualquier institución ya sea pública o privada ya que si no se utilizan estas herramientas de control se corre el riesgo de incurrir en pérdidas tanto financieras como de recursos tangibles e intangibles, es de esta manera que desarrollamos y presentamos el siguiente Manual de Control Interno Administrativo y Contable, que proponemos para el Área de Contabilidad de la Universidad Politécnica Salesiana ya que la misma no cuent...

    15. La expresión del proceso patológico en la medicina medieval española

      OpenAIRE

      Herrera del Castillo, María Teresa

      2009-01-01

      Es ya harto sabido que la lengua encargada de trasmitir los conocimientos científicos en la Edad Media era el latín pero también que a partir del reinado de Alfonso X, fundador de la escuela de traductores de Toledo, se vierten al castellano obras de astronomía, filosofía, etc., es decir, que ya en el siglo XIII se inicia un proceso de revalorización de la lengua vulgar, apta desde entonces para contener todo el pensamiento de la humanidad, ya sea literario, político, jurídico o científico en...

    16. The Lexicographic Treatment of the Demonstrative Copulative in Sesotho sa Leboa ? An Exercise in Multiple Cross-referencing

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gilles-Maurice de Schryver

      2011-10-01

      Full Text Available

      Abstract: In this research article an in-depth investigation is presented of the lexicographictreatment of the demonstrative copulative (DC in Sesotho sa Leboa. This one case study serves asan example to illustrate the so-called 'paradigmatic lemmatisation' of closed-class words in theAfrican languages. The need for such an approach follows a discussion, in Sections 1 and 2 respectively,of the present and missing directions in African-language metalexicography. A theoreticalconspectus of the DC in Sesotho sa Leboa is then offered in Section 3, while Section 4 examines thetreatment of the DC in the four existing desktop dictionaries for this language. The outcomes fromthe two latter sections are then used in Section 5, which analyses the problems of and options for asound lexicographic treatment of the DC in bilingual and monolingual dictionaries. The next twosections proceed with a review of the practical implementation of the DC lemmatisation suggestionsin PyaSsaL, i.e. the Pukuntšutlhaloši ya Sesotho sa Leboa 'Explanatory Sesotho sa Leboa Dictionary'— with Section 6 focussing on the hardcopy and Section 7 on the online version. In the process,the very first fully monolingual African-language dictionary on the Internet is introduced. Section8, finally, concludes briefly.

      Keywords: LEXICOGRAPHY, PARADIGMATIC LEMMATISATION, AFRICAN LANGUAGES,SESOTHO SA LEBOA (NORTHERN SOTHO, SEPEDI, DEMONSTRATIVE COPULATIVE,CROSS-REFERENCING, CORPUS, MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, BILINGUAL DICTIONARY, HARDCOPY, ONLINE, INTERNET, EXPLANATORY SESOTHO SA LEBOA DICTIONARY(PYASSAL, SIMULTANEOUS FEEDBACK (SF

      Senaganwa: Tokelotlhalošo ya lešalašupi-leba ka mo pukuntšung ya Sesothosa Leboa — Tirišo ka go šupana go gontši. Ka go sengwalwana se sa nyakišišo,nyakišišo yeo e tseneletšego e laetšwa ka ga go lokelwa le go hlalošwa ga lešalašupi-leba ka mopukuntšung ya Sesotho sa Leboa. Thutwana ya mohuta wo ya nyakišišo e šoma bjalo ka

    17. Irregular Readers. Arthur Conan Doyle’s “six dirty scoundrels”, Boyhood and Literacy in Contemporary Sherlockian Children’s Literature

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hateley, Erica

      2014-05-01

      Full Text Available Young adult (YA literature is a socialising genre that encourages young readers to take up particular ways of relating to historical or cultural materials. The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed a boom in Sherlockian YA fiction using the Conan Doyle canon as a context and vocabulary for stories focused on the Baker Street Irregulars as figures of identification. This paper reads YA fiction’s deployment of Conan Doyle’s fictional universe as a strategy for negotiating anxieties of adolescent masculinity, particularly in relation to literacy and social agency.

    18. Una Red de Expertos en Salud Ambiental de Niños (2015)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Unidades Pediátricas de Especialidad en Salud Ambiental (PEHSU) tiene expertos en pediatria, alergias e inmunologia, desarrollo neural, toxicologia, y otras, ya que existen varios factores que afectan la salud de los ninos.

    19. Cambios al Estándar de Protección a los Trabajadores Agrícolas de la EPA

      Science.gov (United States)

      Estos cambios proporcionarán protecciones de salud a los trabajadores agrícolas similares a las que ya disponen trabajadores en otras industrias, teniendo en cuenta el entorno laboral único de muchos trabajos agrícolas.

    20. La investigación al alcance de los profesionales de Osakidetza: Programa de Investigación en Atención Primaria de Salud

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gonzalo Grandes

      2014-04-01

      Conclusiones: Esta experiencia puede servir para otros interesados en el fomento de la investigación en atención primaria de salud (APS, ya que el programa ha logrado sus objetivos, es útil y productivo.