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Sample records for sex drugs ja

  1. Sex differences in drug abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Jill B; Hu, Ming

    2008-01-01

    Sex differences are present for all of the phases of drug abuse (initiation, escalation of use, addiction, and relapse following abstinence). While there are some differences among specific classes of abused drugs, the general pattern of sex differences is the same for all drugs of abuse. Females begin regularly self-administering licit and illicit drugs of abuse at lower doses than do males, use escalates more rapidly to addiction, and females are at greater risk for relapse following abstinence. In this review, sex differences in drug abuse are discussed for humans and in animal models. The possible neuroendocrine mechanisms mediating these sex differences are discussed.

  2. Sex Differences in Drug Abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Becker, Jill B.; Hu, Ming

    2007-01-01

    Sex differences are present for all of the phases of drug abuse (initiation, escalation of use, addiction, and relapse following abstinence). While there are some differences among specific classes of abused drugs, the general pattern of sex differences is the same for all drugs of abuse. Females begin regularly self-administering licit and illicit drugs of abuse at lower doses than do males, use escalates more rapidly to addiction, and females are at greater risk for relapse following abstin...

  3. Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Drug Response

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. Rodenburg (Eline)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractIn the early sixties, a prominent professor in Clinical Pharmacology at the University College in London, D.R. Laurence, stated: “There are no clinically important sex differences in drug action, except, of course, to sex steroid hormones, but the subject is poorly documented. Women

  4. Sex Differences in College Student Drug Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strimbu, Jerry L.; And Others

    1973-01-01

    Determines patterns of drug usage and related behavior of college, university, and junior college students on a state-wide basis. This article focuses on sex as it relates to the total pattern of drug abuse of nine specific substances among a large group of college students and examines results in terms of both practical and statistical…

  5. Sex, Drugs, and Cognition: Effects of Marijuana†

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Beth M.; Rizzo, Matthew; Block, Robert I.; Pearlson, Godfrey D.; O'Leary, Daniel S.

    2010-01-01

    Despite the knowledge that many drugs affect men and women differently, few studies exploring the effects of marijuana use on cognition have included women. Findings from both animal and human studies suggest marijuana may have more marked effects in women. This study examined sex differences in the acute effects of marijuana on cognition in 70 (n= 35 male, 35 female) occasional users of marijuana. Tasks were chosen to tap a wide variety of cognitive domains affected by sex and/or marijuana i...

  6. Sex differences in the subjective tolerability of antipsychotic drugs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barbui, Corrado; Nosè, Michela; Bindman, Jonathan; Schene, Aart; Becker, Thomas; Mazzi, Maria A.; Kikkert, Martijn; Camara, Jayne; Born, Anja; Tansella, Michele

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, research efforts have been directed to better characterize the Subjective experience of taking psychotropic drugs. This Study investigated the sex difference in the subjective tolerability of antipsychotic drugs. Participants were recruited from patients under the care of

  7. Sex-Role Attitudes of Drug Abuse Treatment Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schor, Carole

    1982-01-01

    Examined the sex-role attitude of the drug abuse treatment counselor. Found: 1) male counselors viewed clients of both sexes more negatively; 2) male clients were viewed more negatively by counselors of both sexes; 3) counselors with less education had more negative attitudes; and 4) attitudes differed with treatment program type. (Author/RC)

  8. Sex as a biological variable: Drug use and abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Anthony L; Hempel, Briana J; Clasen, Matthew M

    2018-04-01

    The study of sex as a biological variable is a necessary emphasis across a wide array of endpoints, including basic neuroscience, medicine, mental health, physiology and behavior. The present review summarizes work from clinical and preclinical populations on sex differences in drug use and abuse, ranging from initiation to escalation/dysregulation and from drug cessation/abstinence to relapse. These differences are analyzed in the context of the addiction cycle conceptualization of Koob and his colleagues and address patterns of drug use (binge/intoxication), motivation underlying its use (withdrawal/negative affect) and likelihood and causes of craving and relapse of drug taking (preoccupation/anticipation). Following this overview, an assessment of the basis for the reported sex differences is discussed in the context of the affective (rewarding and aversive) properties of drugs of abuse and how such properties and their balance vary with sex and contribute to drug intake. Finally, the interaction of sex with several experiential (drug history) and subject (age) factors and how these interactions affect reward and aversion are discussed to highlight the importance of understanding such interactions in predicting drug use and abuse. We note that sex as a biological variable remains one of critical evaluation and that such investigations of sex differences in drug use and abuse continue and be expanded to assess all facets of their mediation, including these affective properties, how their balance may be impacted by the multiple conditions under which drugs are taken and how this overall balance affects drug use and addiction vulnerability. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Sex Work and Drug Use in a Subculture of Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surratt, Hilary L.; Inciardi, James A.; Kurtz, Steven P.; Kiley, Marion C.

    2004-01-01

    This article examines the subculture of violence thesis as it relates to female street sex workers in Miami. Interview and focus group methods were used to study the intersections of childhood trauma, drug use, and violent victimization among 325 women. Using targeted sampling, crack- and heroin-using sex workers were recruited through street…

  10. Harry Potter murdis hääle ja armus Sex Pistolsisse / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2002-01-01

    13-aastane inglise poiss Daniel Radcliffe, kes mängib Harry Potterit ka J.K. Rowling'u Harry Potteri lugude teises filmis "Harry Potter ja saladuste kamber" ("Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets") : režissöör Chris Columbus : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2002

  11. Reproduction (I): Sex, Drug and Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Thaddeus

    1970-01-01

    Reviews the evidence of drug effects on the unborn, the chromosomal constituency of intersexuality, and the relationships between drug dependence and sexual inadequacy. The sexual effects of alcohol and smoking are discussed. Considers ethical and legal problems raised by the research. (AL)

  12. Gendered Pathways: Violent Childhood Maltreatment, Sex Exchange, and Drug Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verona, Edelyn; Murphy, Brett; Javdani, Shabnam

    2015-04-20

    Recent work has emphasized the role of violent victimization, along with risky contexts like sex exchange, in pathways to problems of externalizing and substance use in women. Nonetheless, few studies have empirically tested gender differences involving the roles of adversity factors (e.g., childhood violent maltreatment, sex exchange) in drug use patterns. The present study tested a model of gender differences in relationships between childhood physical and sexual abuse, sex exchange, and two indicators of drug use: engagement and symptoms of disorder. We recruited an ethnically-diverse sample of 304 (130 women) adults with recent histories of violence and/or drug use, who completed a substance use diagnostic interview, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and a sex exchange questionnaire. First, structural equation modeling revealed that childhood sexual and physical abuse were related to increased drug engagement in women and men, respectively, above the influence of early childhood contextual variables (e.g., neighborhood, family) and age. Second, sexual abuse was related to sex exchange, which in turn was related to drug use symptoms in women but not men. These data provide empirical support for distinct trauma-related pathways to drug use problems in men and women, which has implications for gendered explanations and prevention approaches.

  13. Sex, gender, and pharmaceutical politics: From drug development to marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Jill A; Ronald, Lorna M

    2010-08-01

    Biological sex differences and sociocultural gender norms affect the provision of health care products and services, but there has been little explicit analysis of the impact of sex differences and gender norms on the regulation of pharmaceutical development and marketing. This article provides an overview of the regulation of pharmaceuticals and examines the ways that regulatory agencies account for sex and gender in their review of scientific data and marketing materials. The primary focus is on the US context, but information is also included about regulatory models in Europe, Canada, and Japan for comparative purposes. Specific examples show how sex differences and gender norms influence scientific and policy decisions about pharmaceuticals. The United States and Canada were found to be the only countries that have explicit requirements to include women in clinical trials and to perform sex-based subgroup analysis on study results. The potential influence of politics on regulatory decisions may have led to an uneven application of standards, as seen through the examples of mifepristone (for abortion) and sildenafil citrate (for erectile dysfunction). Three detailed case studies illustrate the importance of considering sex and gender in pharmaceutical development and marketing: Phase I clinical trials; human papillomavirus quadrivalent vaccine; and tegaserod, a drug for irritable bowel syndrome. Sex and gender play important roles in pharmaceutical regulation, from the design of clinical trials and the approval of new drugs to advertising and postmarketing surveillance. However, regulatory agencies pay insufficient attention to both biological sex differences and sociocultural gender norms. This disregard perpetuates inequalities by ignoring drug safety problems that predominate in women and by allowing misleading drug marketing that reinforces gender stereotypes. Recommendations have been made to improve the regulation of pharmaceuticals in regard to sex and

  14. Marriage and Advance Consent to Sex: A Feminist Judgment in R v JA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Koshan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a feminist judgment in R v JA (Supreme Court of Canada 2011, a spousal sexual assault case involving the issue of whether parties can consent in advance to sexual activity that will occur while they are asleep or unconscious. The Supreme Court’s ruling in JA has generated critique and debate amongst feminist and law and sexuality scholars that pits women's equality and security interests against their affirmative sexual autonomy. Using the methodology of a feminist judgment, I endeavour to analyze whether it is possible to adopt an approach to advance consent that protects or at least balances all of these interests. My particular focus is the spousal context, where courts have often interpreted the sexual assault provisions of the Criminal Code to the detriment of women’s sexual integrity and equality, yet where arguments about affirmative sexual autonomy have also predominated. Taking a harm-based approach to criminality that considers both negative and positive sexual autonomy, the judgment concludes that advance consent should not be considered valid without certain legal safeguards being put into place.Este artículo es una sentencia feminista de R v JA (Tribunal Supremo de Canadá 2011, un caso de agresión sexual conyugal que implica la cuestión de si las partes pueden consentir de antemano una actividad sexual que ocurrirá mientras están dormidos o inconscientes. El fallo de la Corte Suprema en JA ha generado críticas y debates entre feministas e investigadores en derecho y sexualidad, que enfrentan los intereses de igualdad y seguridad de la mujer con su autonomía sexual afirmativa. Utilizando la metodología de un juicio feminista, se intenta analizar si es posible adoptar un enfoque de consentimiento anticipado que proteja, o al menos equilibre, todos estos intereses. El enfoque particular es el contexto conyugal, donde los tribunales han interpretado a menudo las disposiciones sobre el asalto sexual del C

  15. Sex differences in drug abuse: Etiology, prevention, and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Suzette M; Reynolds, Brady

    2015-08-01

    This special issue exemplifies one of the major goals of the current editor of Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology (Dr. Suzette Evans): to increase the number of manuscripts that emphasize females and address sex differences. Taken together, these articles represent a broad range of drug classes and approaches spanning preclinical research to treatment to better understand the role of sex differences in drug abuse. While not all studies found sex differences, we want to emphasize that finding no sex difference is just as important as confirming one, and should be reported in peer-reviewed journals. It is our intention and hope that this special issue will further advance scientific awareness about the importance of accounting for sex differences in the study of substance abuse. Participant sex is an essential variable to consider in developing a more comprehensive understanding of substance abuse. Rather than viewing investigating sex differences as burdensome, investigators should seize this opportune area ripe for innovative research that is long overdue. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. Sex differences in the neurobiology of drug addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobzean, Samara A M; DeNobrega, Aliza K; Perrotti, Linda I

    2014-09-01

    Epidemiological data demonstrate that while women report lower rates of drug use than men, the number of current drug users and abusers who are women continues to increase. In addition women progress through the phases of addiction differently than men; women transition from casual drug use to addiction faster, are more reactive to stimuli that trigger relapse, and have higher rates of relapse then men. Sex differences in physiological and psychological responses to drugs of abuse are well documented and it is well established that estrogen effects on dopamine (DA) systems are largely responsible for these sex differences. However, the downstream mechanisms that result from interactions between estrogen and the effects of drugs of abuse on the DA system are just beginning to be explored. Here we review the basic neurocircuitry which underlies reward and addiction; highlighting the neuroadaptive changes that occur in the mesolimbic dopamine reward and anti-reward/stress pathways. We propose that sex differences in addiction are due to sex differences in the neural systems which mediate positive and negative reinforcement and that these differences are modulated by ovarian hormones. This forms a neurobehavioral basis for the search for the molecular and cellular underpinnings that uniquely guide motivational behaviors and make women more vulnerable to developing and sustaining addiction than men. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Sex-driven vulnerability in stress and drug abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Alessandra; Raggi, Carla; Borgi, Marta; Cirulli, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of literature shows that a link exists between substance abuse and stress and that the crosstalk of sex hormones with the neuroendocrine system might differently prime vulnerability to drug addiction in male and female subjects. Thus, understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction and the identification of sex-driven determinants in vulnerability to drug abuse may help to better devise and/or implement strategic (pharmacological, behavioural, social) interventions to prevent or face the issue of addiction. Differences between sexes can be found at all stages of life (in both the animal model and human studies) and may account for genetic, epigenetic and environmental/hormonal factors that in turn affect the functionality of the whole organism leading also to a sex-driven differential vulnerability or resilience to non-communicable pathologies. These include the onset and precipitation of stress-related psychiatric disorders as well as "substance-related and addictive disorders" (as defined in the DSM-V). This paper reviews the scientific literature highlighting significant differences in male and female subjects in stress and neuroendocrine function and the implications for sex-dependent differential vulnerability to drug addiction.

  18. Sex differences in drug use among polysubstance users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Ben; Hoffman, Lauren A; Nixon, Sara Jo

    2014-12-01

    Available evidence indicates women with substance use disorders may experience more rapid progression through usage milestones (telescoping). The few investigations of sex differences in treatment-seeking populations often focus on single substances and typically do not account for significant polysubstance abuse. The current study examined sex differences in a heterogeneous sample of treatment seeking polysubstance users. We examined patterns of drug use, age at drug use milestones (e.g., initial use, regular use), and progression rates between milestones. Nicotine and alcohol use were also evaluated. Participants (n = 543; 288 women) completed personal histories of substance use, including chronicity, frequency, and regularity, as well as inventories assessing affect, and intellectual ability. Rates of drug use and milestone ages varied by sex and specific drug. Analyses suggested pronounced telescoping effects for pain medication and marijuana, with women progressing more rapidly through usage milestones. Our data were generally supportive of telescoping effects, although considerable variance in progression measures was noted. The contrast between the marked telescoping observed in pain medication use and the absence of telescoping in other opioids was of particular interest. The discrepancy in telescoping effects, despite shared pharmacologies, suggests the need for further work examining underlying psychosocial factors. These results highlight that the specific sample population, substance, and outcome measure should be carefully considered when interpreting sex differences in substance use. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Polypharmacy: correlations with sex, age and drug regimen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, L; Søgaard, J; Hallas, J

    1998-01-01

    by inhabitants in the county of Funen (n = 466567). The number of individuals concurrently using two to four drugs (minor PP) and five or more drugs (major PP) was calculated on a random day in 1994. Drugs were classified according to the Anatomical Therapeutical Chemical (ATC) classification index. The main...... therapeutic class (second level of the ATC code) was used as an indicator for the type of health problem. A stepwise backwards logistic regression was used to identify predictors of major PP. Odds ratios were calculated for different drug classes, and the age and sex of all drug users. RESULTS: On a random...... day, 8.3% of the population were exposed to minor PP and 1.2% to major PP. The prevalence of PP increased with age, and from the age of 70 years, two thirds of all drug users were PP users. Drug use was 50% more prevalent among women than men, but over the age of 70, the sexes did not differ...

  20. Factors associated with pathways toward concurrent sex work and injection drug use among female sex workers who inject drugs in northern Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Meghan D; Lemus, Hector; Wagner, Karla D; Martinez, Gustavo; Lozada, Remedios; Gómez, Rangel María Gudelia; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2013-01-01

    To identify factors associated with time to initiation of (i) sex work prior to injecting drugs initiation; (ii) injection drug use prior to sex work initiation; and (iii) concurrent sex work and injection drug use (i.e. initiated at the same age) among female sex workers who currently inject drugs (FSW-IDU). Parametric survival analysis of baseline data for time to initiation event. Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez situated on the Mexico-US border. A total of 557 FSW-IDUs aged ≥18 years. Interview-administered surveys assessing context of sex work and injection drug use initiation. Nearly half (n = 258) initiated sex work prior to beginning to inject, a third (n = 163) initiated injection first and a quarter (n = 136) initiated both sex work and injection drug use concurrently. Low education and living in Ciudad Juarez accelerated time to sex work initiation. Being from a southern Mexican state and initiating drug use with inhalants delayed the time to first injection drug use. Having an intimate partner encourage entry into sex work and first injecting drugs to deal with depression accelerated time to initiating sex work and injection concurrently. Early physical abuse accelerated time to initiating sex work and injection, and substantially accelerated time to initiation of both behaviors concurrently. Among female sex workers who currently inject drugs in two Mexican-US border cities, nearly half appear to initiate sex work prior to beginning to inject, nearly one-third initiate injection drug use before beginning sex work and one-quarter initiate both behaviors concurrently. Predictors of these three trajectories differ, and this provides possible modifiable targets for prevention. © 2012 The Authors, Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  1. [Are there any sex/gender differences in drug use and drug addiction?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendrek, Adrianna

    Drug use and drug addiction have been traditionally considered to be a male problem, however the gender gap has been decreasing over the past few decades. Thus, while the prevalence of alcohol, cannabis and nicotine dependence is still overall greater among men than among women, sex/gender differences in the abuse of stimulants and opiates seem to have disappeared. Moreover, women appear to be more prone to develop drug dependence, suffer more severe physical and psychological consequences of drug abuse, and have more difficulties quitting the habit. Numerous psychological, socio-cultural and biological factors have been implicated in these changing statistics. For example, while a large proportion of men initiate drug use to induce feelings of elation, energy or focus, women frequently start taking drugs to alleviate pre-existing mental health problems, including high levels of stress, feelings of alienation, depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder. This maladaptive self-medication strategy often results in a faster transition to a habitual drug use and eventually a more severe dependence. In addition, the socio-cultural norms (particularly in the Western society) have changed dramatically over the past few decades. Thus, while there is still a more severe stigma and prejudice against women who use drugs (especially if they are pregnant of have children), overall there is much greater acceptance of women's drug use than it was several decades ago. Moreover, women have much greater access to various drugs of abuse than they used to have. Finally, over the past couple of decades new research started emerging pointing to some neurobiological factors that could also contribute to sex differences in drug addiction. Thus, there is now evidence that dopamine system, which for decades has been strongly implicated in drug reinforcement, is sexually dimorphic. The number of dopaminergic neurons, the density of the dopaminergic terminals, as well as

  2. Sex, drugs, and HIV: rapid assessment of HIV risk behaviors among street-based drug using sex workers in Durban, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Needle, Richard; Kroeger, Karen; Belani, Hrishikesh; Achrekar, Angeli; Parry, Charles D; Dewing, Sarah

    2008-11-01

    South Africa is experiencing significant changes in patterns of illicit drug use, including increasing injection and non-injection drug use, and the use of drugs by persons engaged in sex work, both of which could further expand the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In 2005, a rapid ethnographic assessment was conducted in Durban, South Africa, to learn more about patterns of drug use and HIV risk behaviors among drug-using, street-based sex workers. Field teams recruited 52 current injection and non-injection drug users for key informant interviews and focus groups, and they conducted mapping and observation in identified high-risk neighborhoods. Key informants were offered free, voluntary counseling and HIV rapid testing. The results of the assessment indicate that in this population, drugs play an organizing role in patterns of daily activities, with sex work closely linked to the buying, selling, and using of drugs. Participants reported using multiple drugs including crack cocaine, heroin, Ecstasy and Mandrax, and their choices were based on their expectations about the functional role and behavioral and pharmacological properties of the drugs. The organization of sex work and patterns of drug use differ by gender, with males exercising more control over daily routines and drug and sexual transactions than females. Activities of female sex workers are subject to considerable control by individual pimps, many of whom also function as landlords and drug dealers. A strong hold over the overlapping economies of drugs and sex work by a few individuals extends to control of the physical and social settings in which sex is exchanged and drugs are sold and used as well as the terms under which sex work is carried out. The potential for accelerated HIV spread is considerable given the evidence of overlapping drug-using and sexual risk behaviors and the mixing patterns across drug and sexual risk networks.

  3. Sex and drugs and rock'n'roll.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassidy, J

    The community center at the housing estate of St. Mellons in Cardiff, Wales, has two projects serving youth. A physician and nurse make up a team operating family planning clinic at the youth center on Friday afternoons. Local graffiti artists have created brightly colored posters to promote the drop-in center. Teenagers come to the youth center to play pool, drink coffee, and to listen to music. In a room next to this activity, the team distributes contraceptives (e.g., condoms). They also counsel teens about sexuality, relationships, self-respect, health, and disease. They work to dispel any incorrect information that they often hear. Counseling provides the teens correct information, which they can convey to their peers. The director of family planning and well-woman services for South Glamorgan finds peer education to be more effective than sex education in schools. A psychiatric nurse and her community drug colleagues set up a drop-in center for a needle exchange, but the team finds itself acting as a drugs information service. The advice it gives includes ho to use drugs more safely, possible adverse reactions, referrals (medical, detoxification, and counseling), and the nature of substances on the street. Clients trust the team so much that they share with the team members when there is a bad drug on the market. An outreach worker has headed up a residential week-end with some teens to further discuss drug use. Despite their success and popularity, lack of financial or human resources prevents expansion of both service. The drug needle exchange/information service tried to work out of another youth center, but fear by neighbors that it would give the area a bad name hampered its opening.

  4. Migration, urbanization, and drug use and casual sex in China: a multilevel analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Xiushi Yang; Huasong Luo

    2009-01-01

    Using data from a survey conducted in 2003 and employing multilevel modeling, this paper examines the impact of migration and urbanization on drug abuse and casual sex in China. The results suggest that being a migrant predicts significantly higher odds of having casual sex but lower odds of drug abuse. Living in an urban place is a significant risk factor for both illicit drug use and casual sex. There are significant cross-community (primary sampling unit) variances in the random intercept ...

  5. Association between Pregnancy and Active Injection Drug Use and Sex Work among Women Injection Drug Users in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girchenko, P; Ompad, D C; Bikmukhametov, D; Gensburg, L

    2015-06-01

    Widespread use of unsafe sexual practices among women injecting drugs both practicing and not practicing sex work leads to high levels of unplanned pregnancies in this population. The goal of this study was to investigate the association between pregnancy and active drug use and sex work. Data were collected using a convenience sample of 500 women in Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 2013. All women had recent experience of drug use, of which 200 were pregnant at the time of the study. The study consisted of a structured interview followed by a rapid HIV test. Pregnancy was protective against both active drug use and sex work. For HIV-positive women, these associations were stronger than for HIV-negative women: drug use prevalence ratio (PR) was 0.59 vs 0.85; for sex work, the PRs were 0.36 vs 0.64. Higher levels of education were associated with a lower prevalence ratio for active drug use and sex work in all models. Having children was not associated with active drug use or sex work. Pregnancy might be an optimal time for conducting interventions aimed at cessation of drug use and sex work among women injecting drugs.

  6. Sex selection through traditional drugs in rural north India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bandyopadhyay S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Repidly declining sex ratio has highlighted a strong son preference among many societies various methods are employed by people to get a son. Objective: To determine the use pattern of sex selection drugs (SSDs in rural North India. Methods: An integrated qualitative and quantitative study was conducted in rural North India. A rapid population and hospital based survey of women in their early reproductive life was done in the study area to enlist the respondents. Few SSD samples were collected and analyzed. Results: SSDs were freely available from grocers, chemist shops and specific people in villages. These contained Shivalingi (Bryonia Laciniosa and Majuphal (Gtuercus infectoria. SSD use rate was 46% and 30% in community based and hospital based studies respectively. Use rate was significantly higher in women who did not have any son. Of the SSD samples and two individual ingredients analyzed by thin layer chromatography, 3 contained testosterone and one progesterone; one ingredient contained testosterone and the other natural steroids. Conclusion: Use of SSDs seems to be very common in North India. Implication of presence of steroids in SSDs needs further evaluation.

  7. Criminalizing Sex Work Clients and Rushed Negotiations among Sex Workers Who Use Drugs in a Canadian Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landsberg, Adina; Shannon, Kate; Krüsi, Andrea; DeBeck, Kora; Milloy, M-J; Nosova, Ekaterina; Kerr, Thomas; Hayashi, Kanna

    2017-08-01

    Previous research indicates that criminalization of sex work is associated with harms among sex workers. In 2013, the Vancouver Police Department changed their sex work policy to no longer target sex workers while continuing to target clients and third parties in an effort to increase the safety of sex workers (similar to "end-demand sex work" approaches being adopted in a number of countries globally). We sought to investigate the trends and correlates of rushing negotiations with clients due to police presence among 359 sex workers who use drugs in Vancouver before and after the guideline change. Data were derived from three prospective cohort studies of people who use drugs in Vancouver between 2008 and 2014. We used sex-stratified multivariable generalized estimating equation models. The crude percentages of sex workers who use drugs reporting rushing client negotiations changed from 8.9% before the guideline change to 14.8% after the guideline change among 259 women, and from 8.6 to 7.1% among 100 men. In multivariable analyses, there was a significant increase in reports of rushing client negotiation after the guideline change among women (p = 0.04). Other variables that were independently associated with increased odds of rushing client negotiation included experiencing client-perpetrated violence (among both men and women) and non-heterosexual orientation (among women) (all p sex workers who use drugs. It was also associated with client-perpetrated violence and other markers of vulnerability. These findings lend further evidence that criminalizing the purchase of sexual services does not protect the health and safety of sex workers.

  8. Drug use and risk behaviours among injecting drug users: a comparison between sex workers and non-sex workers in Sydney, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breen Courtney

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper examines the differences in demographics, drug use patterns and self reported risk behaviours between regular injecting drug users (IDU who report engaging in sex work for money or drugs and regular injecting drug users who do not. Methods Cross sectional data collected from regular IDU interviewed as part of the New South Wales (NSW Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS in 2003 were analysed. Results IDU who reported engaging in sex work were more likely to be female, and identify as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander descent. They initiated injecting drug use at a significantly younger age and were more likely to report injection related problems than IDU who had not engaged in sex work. There were no differences in the drug classes used, but findings suggested that the sex workers tended to be more frequent users of crystalline methamphetamine (ice and benzodiazepines. Conclusion The similarities between these groups were more striking than the differences. Further research, examining a larger sample is needed to clarify whether injecting drug users who are sex workers have heavier use patterns.

  9. Drug Abuse Patterns, Personality Characteristics, and Relationships with Sex, Race, and Sensation Seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutker, Patricia B.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Examined interrelationships among sex, race, drug-use patterns, and personality variables in chronic users of illicit drugs. Blacks were characterized by lower levels of sensation seeking, less psychopathology, use of fewer drug categories, and later drug use than Whites. Use and personality patterns among women differed little from men.…

  10. Sex differences in the vulnerability to drug abuse: a review of preclinical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Megan E; Cosgrove, Kelly P; Carroll, Marilyn E

    2004-10-01

    Clinical and preclinical findings indicate that males and females differ on several aspects of drug reinforcement. Females are more vulnerable than males during transition periods of drug use that are characteristic of drug addiction and relapse. Females are also more sensitive than males to the reinforcing effects of stimulants. It has been suggested that ovarian hormones contribute to the mechanisms of action underlying these sex differences. This review examines the preclinical literature on sex differences and ovarian hormonal influences on drug self-administration in animals. It summarizes the findings on the effects of these variables during different phases of drug addiction. Possible differences in the mechanisms of action of drugs of abuse due to interactions with sex differences or ovarian hormonal factors are considered. The animal literature on sex differences in drug abuse treatment effectiveness is also discussed.

  11. Sex differences in drug addiction and response to exercise intervention: From human to animal studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuehui; Zhao, Min; Zhou, Chenglin; Li, Rena

    2016-01-01

    Accumulated research supports the idea that exercise could be an option of potential prevention and treatment for drug addiction. During the past few years, there has been increased interest in investigating of sex differences in exercise and drug addiction. This demonstrates that sex-specific exercise intervention strategies may be important for preventing and treating drug addiction in men and women. However, little is known about how and why sex differences are found when doing exercise-induced interventions for drug addiction. In this review, we included both animal and human that pulled subjects from a varied age demographic, as well as neurobiological mechanisms that may highlight the sex-related differences in these potential to assess the impact of sex-specific roles in drug addiction and exercise therapies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Sex differences in drug addiction and response to exercise intervention: from human to animal studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuehui; Zhao, Min; Zhou, Chenglin; Li, Rena

    2015-01-01

    Accumulated research supports the idea that exercise could be an option of potential prevention and treatment for drug addiction. During the past few years, there has been increased interest in investigating of sex differences in exercise and drug addiction. This demonstrates that sex-specific exercise intervention strategies may be important for preventing and treating drug addiction in men and women. However, little is known about how and why sex differences are found when doing exercise-induced interventions for drug addiction. In this review, we included both animal and human that pulled subjects from a varied age demographic, as well as neurobiological mechanisms that may highlight the sex-related differences in these potential to assess the impact of sex-specific roles in drug addiction and exercise therapies. PMID:26182835

  13. The interaction of drug use, sex work, and HIV among transgender women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Beth R

    2014-06-01

    Transgender women have a higher prevalence of drug use, HIV, drug use, and sex work than the general population. This article explores the interaction of these variables and discusses how sex work and drug use behaviors contribute to the high rates of HIV. A model predicting HIV rates with sex work and drug use as well as these behaviors in the transgender woman's social network is presented. Challenges to intervening with transgender women, as well as suggestions and criteria for successful interventions, are discussed.

  14. Transactional Sex among Noninjecting Illicit Drug Users: Implications for HIV Transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alves Guimarães

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Noninjecting illicit drug users (NIDUs present high risk for HIV infection, due especially to transactional sex. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for transactional sex among NIDUs in the Southwest region of Goiás State, Central Brazil. The prevalence of self-reported transactional sex was 22.8%. Prevalence in women and men was 52.7% and 16.8%, respectively, a significant difference (p<0.001. Crack use and history of sexually transmitted infections (STI were risk factors for transactional sex in men. Homelessness, crack use, sex under the influence of drugs, and history of sexual violence were risk factors for transactional sex in women. A high prevalence of transactional sex was observed among NIDUs. This risk behavior may contribute to the high rates of HIV among this population and their social networks and in the general population.

  15. Sex differences and ovarian hormones in animal models of drug dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Marilyn E; Anker, Justin J

    2010-06-01

    Increasing evidence indicates the presence of sex differences in many aspects of drug abuse. Most studies reveal that females exceed males during the initiation, escalation, extinction, and reinstatement (relapse) of drug-seeking behavior, but males are more sensitive than females to the aversive effects of drugs such as drug withdrawal. Findings from human and animal research indicate that circulating levels of ovarian steroid hormones account for these sex differences. Estrogen (E) facilitates drug-seeking behavior, while progesterone (P) and its metabolite, allopregnanalone (ALLO), counteract the effects of E and reduce drug seeking. Estrogen and P influence other behaviors that are affiliated with drug abuse such as drug-induced locomotor sensitization and conditioned place preference. The enhanced vulnerability to drug seeking in females vs. males is also additive with the other risk factors for drug abuse (e.g., adolescence, sweet preference, novelty reactivity, and impulsivity). Finally, treatment studies using behavioral or pharmacological interventions, including P and ALLO, also indicate that females show greater treatment effectiveness during several phases of the addiction process. The neurobiological basis of sex differences in drug abuse appears to be genetic and involves the influence of ovarian hormones and their metabolites, the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, dopamine (DA), and gamma-hydroxy-butyric acid (GABA). Overall, sex and hormonal status along with other biological risk factors account for a continuum of addiction-prone and -resistant animal models that are valuable for studying drug abuse prevention and treatment strategies. Copyright 2009. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Persuader Sex Differences and Peer Pressure Effects on Attitudes Toward Drug Abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Christopher I.; Shute, Robert E.

    This experiment was performed to assess the effects of the experimental confederates' sex and contrived group peer pressure on the drug attitudes of male college students. Subjects were exposed to all male or all female groups of experimental confederates (persuaders) who expressed either extremely pro-drug or anti-drug sentiments in a guided…

  17. Drug Use and Sex Work Among At-risk Women: A Qualitative Study of Initial Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roshanfekr, Payam; Noori, Roya; Dejman, Masoumeh; Fathi Geshnigani, Zahra; Rafiey, Hassan

    2015-06-01

    In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in performing research on drug use and sex work among at-risk women. Although there is a well-documented literature of the initial reasons associated with drug use and sex work among women, there is, however, a paucity of information in this area in Iran. This study aimed to explore the initial reasons associated with drug use and sex work in a group of female treatment seekers, who presented health-related risk behaviors, in Tehran, Iran. This qualitative study enrolled a total of 65 at-risk women, from five women-specific drug clinics, who participated in the study in 2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted. Focus group interviews were conducted with 10 key informants. All interviews were audio-taped and thematically written. The recorded data were analyzed using ATLASti qualitative research software version 10. The median age of the sample was 34 years. In addition, 44.6% of subjects were opiate users, and 55.4% were users of opiates and methamphetamine. Sex work was the main source of income for almost half of the sample. The most frequently reported reasons, associated with initial drug use, were extrinsic motivations, including the drug-using family, friends or social networks. Intrinsic motivations, including curiosity and individual willingness to use drugs, were other initial reasons. The most frequently reported reasons, associated with initial sex work, included the need to purchase drugs and financial problems. The study findings demonstrated a number of reasons associated with initial drug use and sex work. The role of sex work in providing drugs necessitates education and prevention. Special treatment programs should be implemented to prevent sex work among at-risk women in Iran.

  18. Sex Differences in Behavioral Dyscontrol: Role in Drug Addiction and Novel Treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Marilyn E; Smethells, John R

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to discuss recent findings related to sex differences in behavioral dyscontrol that lead to drug addiction, and clinical implications for humans are discussed. This review includes research conducted in animals and humans that reveals fundamental aspects of behavioral dyscontrol. The importance of sex differences in aspects of behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity and compulsivity, is discussed as major determinants of drug addiction. Behavioral dyscontrol during adolescence is also an important consideration, as this is the time of onset for drug addiction. These vulnerability factors additively increase drug-abuse vulnerability, and they are integral aspects of addiction that covary and interact with sex differences. Sex differences in treatments for drug addiction are also reviewed in terms of their ability to modify the behavioral dyscontrol that underlies addictive behavior. Customized treatments to reduce behavioral dyscontrol are discussed, such as (1) using natural consequences such as non-drug rewards (e.g., exercise) to maintain abstinence, or using punishment as a consequence for drug use, (2) targeting factors that underlie behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity or anxiety, by repurposing medications to relieve these underlying conditions, and (3) combining two or more novel behavioral or pharmacological treatments to produce additive reductions in drug seeking. Recent published work has indicated that factors contributing to behavioral dyscontrol are an important target for advancing our knowledge on the etiology of drug abuse, intervening with the drug addiction process and developing novel treatments.

  19. Sex Differences in Behavioral Dyscontrol: Role in Drug Addiction and Novel Treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Marilyn E.; Smethells, John R.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to discuss recent findings related to sex differences in behavioral dyscontrol that lead to drug addiction, and clinical implications for humans are discussed. This review includes research conducted in animals and humans that reveals fundamental aspects of behavioral dyscontrol. The importance of sex differences in aspects of behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity and compulsivity, is discussed as major determinants of drug addiction. Behavioral dyscontrol during adolescence is also an important consideration, as this is the time of onset for drug addiction. These vulnerability factors additively increase drug-abuse vulnerability, and they are integral aspects of addiction that covary and interact with sex differences. Sex differences in treatments for drug addiction are also reviewed in terms of their ability to modify the behavioral dyscontrol that underlies addictive behavior. Customized treatments to reduce behavioral dyscontrol are discussed, such as (1) using natural consequences such as non-drug rewards (e.g., exercise) to maintain abstinence, or using punishment as a consequence for drug use, (2) targeting factors that underlie behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity or anxiety, by repurposing medications to relieve these underlying conditions, and (3) combining two or more novel behavioral or pharmacological treatments to produce additive reductions in drug seeking. Recent published work has indicated that factors contributing to behavioral dyscontrol are an important target for advancing our knowledge on the etiology of drug abuse, intervening with the drug addiction process and developing novel treatments. PMID:26903885

  20. Gendered contexts: psychopathy and drug use in relation to sex work and exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Bethany G.; Verona, Edelyn

    2016-01-01

    Few scholars have examined psychopathology correlates of sex work. It has been suggested that sex work may reflect manifestations of impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits (e.g., reckless disregard, delinquency) in women more than men. The current work examined relative contributions of drug dependence and distinct psychopathic features in relation to traditional forms of sex work (i.e., prostitution) in women, along with gender differences in psychopathy relationships with casual forms of ...

  1. Sex Differences in Behavioral Dyscontrol: Role in Drug Addiction and Novel Treatments

    OpenAIRE

    Carroll, Marilyn E.; Smethells, John R.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to discuss recent findings related to sex differences in behavioral dyscontrol that lead to drug addiction, and clinical implications for humans are discussed. This review includes research conducted in animals and humans that reveals fundamental aspects of behavioral dyscontrol. The importance of sex differences in aspects of behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity and compulsivity, are discussed as major determinants of drug addiction. Behavioral dyscontro...

  2. Sex differences in behavioral dyscontrol: Role in drug addiction and novel treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn E. Carroll

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to discuss recent findings related to sex differences in behavioral dyscontrol that lead to drug addiction, and clinical implications for humans are discussed. This review includes research conducted in animals and humans that reveals fundamental aspects of behavioral dyscontrol. The importance of sex differences in aspects of behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity and compulsivity, are discussed as major determinants of drug addiction. Behavioral dyscontrol during adolescence is also an important consideration, as this is the time of onset for drug addiction. These vulnerability factors additively increase drug abuse vulnerability, and they are integral aspects of addiction that covary and interact with sex differences. Sex differences in treatments for drug addiction are also reviewed in terms of their ability to modify the behavioral dyscontrol that underlies addictive behavior. Customized treatments to reduce behavioral dyscontrol are discussed, such as: 1 using natural consequences such as nondrug rewards (e.g., exercise to maintain abstinence, or using punishment as a consequence for drug use, 2 targeting factors that underlie behavioral dyscontrol, such as impulsivity or anxiety, by repurposing medications to relieve these underlying conditions, and 3 combining two or more novel behavioral or pharmacological treatments to produce additive reductions in drug seeking. Recent published work has indicated that factors contributing to behavioral dyscontrol are an important target for advancing our knowledge on the etiology of drug abuse, intervening with the drug addiction process and developing novel treatments.

  3. Biological basis of sex differences in drug abuse: preclinical and clinical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Wendy J; Roth, Megan E; Carroll, Marilyn E

    2002-11-01

    The recent focus on drug abuse in women has brought attention to numerous differences between women and men. In this review, we discuss both preclinical and clinical findings of sex differences in drug abuse as well as mechanisms that may underlie these differences. Recent evidence suggests that the progression to dependence and abuse may differ between women and men; thus, different prevention and treatment strategies may be required. Similar sex differences in drug sensitivity and self-administration have been reported in laboratory animal studies. Females appear to be more vulnerable than males to the reinforcing effects of psychostimulants, opiates, and nicotine during many phases of the addiction process (e.g. acquisition, maintenance, dysregulation-escalation, relapse). Male and female animals differ in their behavioral, neurological, and pharmacological responses to drugs. Although the role of sex in the mechanisms of drug action remains unclear, preclinical and clinical studies indicate that ovarian hormones, particularly estrogen, play a role in producing sex differences in drug abuse. Future research is necessary to provide information on how to design more effective drug abuse treatment programs and resources that are sex specific.

  4. Transactional Sex among Noninjecting Illicit Drug Users: Implications for HIV Transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, Rafael Alves; Rodovalho, Aurélio Goulart; Fernandes, Inaina Lara; Silva, Graciele Cristina; de Felipe, Rodrigo Lopes; Vera, Ivânia; Gregório, Valéria Duarte; Lucchese, Roselma

    2016-01-01

    Noninjecting illicit drug users (NIDUs) present high risk for HIV infection, due especially to transactional sex. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for transactional sex among NIDUs in the Southwest region of Goiás State, Central Brazil. The prevalence of self-reported transactional sex was 22.8%. Prevalence in women and men was 52.7% and 16.8%, respectively, a significant difference (p drugs, and history of sexual violence were risk factors for transactional sex in women. A high prevalence of transactional sex was observed among NIDUs. This risk behavior may contribute to the high rates of HIV among this population and their social networks and in the general population.

  5. Sex differences in the self-administration of cannabinoids and other drugs of abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattore, Liana; Fadda, Paola; Fratta, Walter

    2009-12-01

    Many studies have provided evidence for important sex-dependent differences in the origins, outcomes and treatment of drug abuse and dependence. Preclinical studies typically have employed animal models of addiction, such as oral or intravenous self-administration, to untangle the environmental, neurobiological and genetic factors that contribute to the shift from occasional, recreational use to compulsive, uncontrolled intake of drugs. Craving and relapse of drug seeking in abstinent individuals have also been found to differ between men and women. Identification of the neurobiological basis of craving and drug dependence continues to pose a challenge to addiction research. Significant sex differences are emerging in substance-abuse-related behavior, which has increased the demand for research on how drug consumption may have different causes, progression and consequences in men and women. In keeping with epidemiological data in humans, differences between the two sexes in drug seeking and intake have been well-documented in animal studies, with most recent findings related to abuse of cannabinoids. Clinical and preclinical findings indicate that sex and gonadal hormones may account for individual differences in susceptibility to the reinforcing effects of addictive substances, and that differences in vulnerability to drug abuse may be mediated by the same biological mechanisms. This review focuses on the differences between males and females in relation to drug self-administration and how such behavior may be affected by hormonal status.

  6. Profile of male Brazilian injecting drug users who have sex with men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Aline Dayrell

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to characterize the profile of male injecting drug users who have sex with other men (MSM IDUs recruited through a cross-sectional multi-city survey (AjUDE-Brasil II Project in six Brazilian cities, in 2000-2001. MSM IDUs were compared to other male IDUs using bivariate and multivariate procedures (logistic regression and answer tree analysis with the CHAID algorithm. Among the 709 male IDUs, 187 (26.4% reported ever having had sex with other men, while only 37 reported sex with other men in the previous six months. MSM IDUs were more likely to be unemployed (OR = 2.3, to have injected tranquilizers (OR = 3.6, and to be HIV-seropositive (OR = 2.1, compared to other male IDUs. Male same-sex relations in this subgroup appear to be associated with strategies to finance drug consuming habits, including sex for drugs with occasional female partners or obtaining injection paraphernalia from occasional sex partners. Further studies should focus on this especially vulnerable subgroup of IDUs, due to the bidirectional and complex interrelationships between their drug injecting habits and sexual risk behaviors.

  7. Social participation and drug use in a cohort of Brazilian sex workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, Hannah Hogan; Ahern, Jennifer; Chinaglia, Magda; Kerrigan, Deanna; Lippman, Sheri A

    2013-06-01

    Structural interventions focused on community mobilisation to engender an enabling social context have reduced sexual risk behaviours among sex workers. Interventions to date have increased social participation and shown an association between participation and safer sex. Social participation could modify risk for other health behaviours, particularly drug use. We assessed social participation and drug use before and after implementation of a clinical, social and structural intervention with sex workers intended to prevent sexually transmitted infections/HIV infection. We followed 420 sex workers participating in the Encontros intervention in Corumbá, Brazil, between 2003 and 2005. We estimated the association of participation in external social groups with drug use at baseline and follow-up using logistic regression and marginal modelling. Follow-up analyses of preintervention/postintervention change in drug use employed inverse probability weighting to account for censoring and were stratified by exposure to the intervention. Social participation showed a protective association with drug use at baseline (1 SD higher level of social participation associated with 3.8% lower prevalence of drug use, 95% CI -0.1 to 8.3). Among individuals exposed to Encontros, higher social participation was associated with an 8.6% lower level of drug use (95% CI 0.1 to 23.3). No significant association was found among the unexposed. A structural intervention that modified sex workers' social environment, specifically participation in external social groups, was associated with reduced drug use. These findings suggest that sexual risk prevention initiatives that enhance social integration among marginalised populations can produce broad health impacts, including reductions in drug use.

  8. Gendered contexts: Psychopathy and drug use in relation to sex work and exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Bethany G; Verona, Edelyn

    2016-05-01

    Few scholars have examined psychopathology correlates of sex work. It has been suggested that sex work may reflect manifestations of impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits (e.g., reckless disregard, delinquency) in women more than men. The current work examined relative contributions of drug dependence and distinct psychopathic features in relation to traditional forms of sex work (i.e., prostitution) in women, along with gender differences in psychopathy relationships with casual forms of sex exchange (i.e., trading sex for necessities). Study 1 included 171 community-dwelling women offenders, and Study 2 included 319 participants (42.3% women) with histories of drug use and/or violence. Participants completed the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version, prostitution was measured as self-report and/or public record data across studies, and sex exchange in Study 2 was assessed using a questionnaire based on prior research on sexual risk-taking. Findings across both studies demonstrated that although psychopathic traits, particularly impulsive-antisocial features, were associated with prostitution in women above the use of drugs, drug dependence did not moderate the relationship between psychopathic traits and prostitution in women. Analyses of Study 2 data revealed that impulsive-antisocial traits were associated with sex exchange at low, but not high, levels of interpersonal-affective traits across participants. As well, interpersonal-affective traits were significantly positively related to sex exchange in men and not significantly (and negatively) related in women. In sum, impulsive-antisocial traits related to prostitution among women, suggesting that women may manifest these traits within intimate contexts. Moreover, findings indicated gender differences in the manifestation of interpersonal-affective traits within sexual exchange contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Gendered contexts: psychopathy and drug use in relation to sex work and exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Bethany G.; Verona, Edelyn

    2016-01-01

    Few scholars have examined psychopathology correlates of sex work. It has been suggested that sex work may reflect manifestations of impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits (e.g., reckless disregard, delinquency) in women more than men. The current work examined relative contributions of drug dependence and distinct psychopathic features in relation to traditional forms of sex work (i.e., prostitution) in women, along with gender differences in psychopathy relationships with casual forms of sex exchange (i.e., trading sex for necessities). Study 1 included 171 community-dwelling women offenders, and Study 2 included 319 participants (42.3% women) with histories of drug use and/or violence. Participants completed the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version, prostitution was measured as self-report and/or public record data across studies, and sex exchange in Study 2 was assessed using a questionnaire based on prior research on sexual risk-taking. Findings across both studies demonstrated that while psychopathic traits, particularly impulsive-antisocial features, were associated with prostitution in women above the use of drugs, drug dependence did not moderate the relationship between psychopathic traits and prostitution in women. Analyses of Study 2 data revealed that impulsive-antisocial traits were associated with sex exchange at low, but not high, levels of interpersonal-affective traits across participants. As well, interpersonal-affective traits were significantly positively related to sex exchange in men and not significantly (and negatively) related in women. In sum, impulsive-antisocial traits related to prostitution among women, suggesting that women may manifest these traits within intimate contexts. Moreover, findings indicated gender differences in the manifestation of interpersonal-affective traits within sexual exchange contexts. PMID:27030996

  10. The Role of Drinking Severity on Sex Risk Behavior and HIV Exposure among Illicit Drug Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherer, Michael; Trenz, Rebecca; Harrell, Paul; Mauro, Pia; Latimer, William

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The current study examined how drinking severity among injection and non-injection drug users is associated with sex risk behaviors and risk of HIV exposure. Methods The study is a secondary analysis of an investigation of risk factors among drug users in Baltimore known as the NEURO-HIV Epidemiologic Study. Participants (N = 557) completed an interview, self-reported 30-day alcohol use, lifetime injection and non-injection drug use, and provided blood samples to screen for HIV. Participants were grouped into one of three drinking severity conditions: Abstinent (no reported alcohol use in prior 30-days), Moderate Alcohol Use (≤30 drinks for females, or ≤ 60 drinks for males), or Problematic Alcohol Use (>30 drinks for females, or >60 drinks for males). Drinking severity groups were significantly different on lifetime injection drug use, heroin injection, snorting/sniffing cocaine, and smoking crack. Results Logistic regression analyses found problematic alcohol users to be more likely than alcohol abstainers to inject drugs before or during sex (AOR = 5.78; 95% CI = 2.07-16.10), and more likely than moderate alcohol users to use alcohol before/during sex (AOR = 4.96; 95% CI = 2.09-11.81), inject drugs before/during sex (AOR = 2.96; 95% CI = 1.29-6.80) and to be HIV+ among Black participants (AOR = 2.72; 95% CI = 1.14-6.49). Conclusions These results outline the necessity for research and clinical intervention among this population to reduce sex risk behaviors and potential HIV exposure, while highlighting the need to examine drinking severity as a predictor of sex risk behaviors. PMID:23617865

  11. Transactional Sex among Noninjecting Illicit Drug Users: Implications for HIV Transmission

    OpenAIRE

    Guimar?es, Rafael Alves; Rodovalho, Aur?lio Goulart; Fernandes, Inaina Lara; Silva, Graciele Cristina; de Felipe, Rodrigo Lopes; Vera, Iv?nia; Greg?rio, Val?ria Duarte; Lucchese, Roselma

    2016-01-01

    Noninjecting illicit drug users (NIDUs) present high risk for HIV infection, due especially to transactional sex. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for transactional sex among NIDUs in the Southwest region of Goi?s State, Central Brazil. The prevalence of self-reported transactional sex was 22.8%. Prevalence in women and men was 52.7% and 16.8%, respectively, a significant difference (p < 0.001). Crack use and history of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were ri...

  12. Harassment, discrimination, violence, and illicit drug use among young men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Carolyn F; Weiss, George; Ayala, George; Kipke, Michele D

    2010-08-01

    We examined the relationship among social discrimination, violence, and illicit drug use among an ethnically diverse cohort of young men who have sex with men (YMSM) residing in Los Angeles. Five Hundred twenty-six YMSM (aged 18-24 years) were recruited using a venue-based, stratified probability sampling design. Surveys assessed childhood financial hardship, violence (physical assault, sexual assault, intimate partner violence), social discrimination (homophobia and racism), and illicit drug use in the past 3 months. Analyses examined main and interaction effects of key variables on drug use. Experiences of financial hardship, physical intimate partner violence and homophobia predicted drug use. Although African American participants were less likely to report drug use than their Caucasian peers, those who experienced greater sexual racism were at significantly greater risk for drug use. Racial/ethnic minority YMSM were at increased risk for experiencing various forms of social discrimination and violence that place them at increased risk for drug use.

  13. Event-Level Analysis of Anal Sex Roles and Sex Drug Use Among Gay and Bisexual Men in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Ashleigh J; Lachowsky, Nathan J; Cui, Zishan; Sereda, Paul; Lal, Allan; Moore, David M; Hogg, Robert S; Roth, Eric A

    2016-08-01

    This study analyzed event-level partnership data from a computer-assisted survey of 719 gay and bisexual men (GBM) enrolled in the Momentum Health Study to delineate potential linkages between anal sex roles and the so-called "sex drugs," i.e., erectile dysfunction drugs (EDD), poppers, and crystal methamphetamine. Univariable and multivariable analyses using generalized linear mixed models with logit link function with sexual encounters (n = 2514) as the unit of analysis tested four hypotheses: (1) EDD are significantly associated with insertive anal sex roles, (2) poppers are significantly associated with receptive anal sex, (3) both poppers and EDD are significantly associated with anal sexual versatility, and (4) crystal methamphetamine is significantly associated with all anal sex roles. Data for survey respondents and their sexual partners allowed testing these hypotheses for both anal sex partners in the same encounter. Multivariable results supported the first three hypotheses. Crystal methamphetamine was significantly associated with all anal sex roles in the univariable models, but not significant in any multivariable ones. Other multivariable significant variables included attending group sex events, venue where first met, and self-described sexual orientation. Results indicate that GBM sex-drug use behavior features rational decision-making strategies linked to anal sex roles. They also suggest that more research on anal sex roles, particularly versatility, is needed, and that sexual behavior research can benefit from partnership analysis.

  14. Correlates of Sex Trading among Drug-Involved Women in Committed Intimate Relationships: A Risk Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiwatram-Negrón, Tina; El-Bassel, Nabila

    2015-01-01

    Despite a slight decline in new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in New York, marked increases and concentrated epidemics continue among subsets of the population, including women engaged in sex trading. We examined the prevalence and correlates of sex trading among 346 low-income, HIV-negative women in HIV-concordant intimate relationships. Women and their long-term main partners were recruited to participate in an HIV prevention intervention. Baseline data were used in this article. Of the 346 women in the study, 28% reported sex trading during the prior 90 days. Multivariate analyses showed increased relative risk of sex trading by lifetime experience of severe intimate partner violence (IPV), drug, and alcohol use, and marginal significance for mental health hospitalization, partner drug dependency, and homelessness. These findings suggest an urgent need for HIV prevention and intervention efforts targeted toward women in intimate relationships who trade sex for money or drugs, with an emphasis on IPV, mental health, history of incarceration, and substance abuse. Copyright © 2015 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. The future of drugs: recreational drug use and sexual health among gay and other men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Race, Kane; Lea, Toby; Murphy, Dean; Pienaar, Kiran

    2017-02-01

    There are complex historical connections between sexual minoritisation and desires to chemically alter bodily experience. For gay men, drug and alcohol use can be a creative or experimental response to social marginalisation - and not necessarily a problematic one in every instance. Numerous studies have found that infection with HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs) is more likely among gay and men who have sex with men (MSM) who use recreational drugs than those who do not, but the causal nature of these relations is uncertain. Sexualised drug use is associated with a range of other problems, including dependence, mental health issues, accident and overdose. A growing body of work in the Alcohol and Other Drugs (AOD) field demonstrates the action of drugs and their purported effects to be a product of their relations with various other actors, contexts and practices. Given these contingencies, it is impossible to predict the future of drugs or their effect on the sexual health of gay and MSM with any degree of certainty. This article outlines some of the conditions most likely to mediate such futures in the medium term. Public funding for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer drug issues should not remain restricted to questions of HIV prevention and sexual health. It should be expanded to equip sexual health and AOD service providers with the cultural and sexual literacy to mitigate stigma and allow them to respond constructively to drug problems among sexual and gender minorities as a matter of priority.

  16. Student Interests and Attitude Change toward Drug Educators as a Function of Sex and Role Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotten-Huston, Annie L.

    1982-01-01

    Focused on recorded tapes and sex-role interaction of 12 sessions on drug abuse. Subjects were 247 seventh-grade males and females. Communicators (males and females) made two presentations with roles rotated according to ex-addict/learned specialist. Results indicated female and male students were influenced most by female specialist…

  17. Sex-dimorphic adverse drug reactions to immune suppressive agents in inflammatory bowel disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Z. Zelinkova (Zuzana); E. Bultman (Evelien); L. Vogelaar (Lauran); C. Bouziane (Cheima); E.J. Kuipers (Ernst); C.J. van der Woude (Janneke)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractAIM: To analyze sex differences in adverse drug reactions (ADR) to the immune suppressive medication in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: All IBD patients attending the IBD outpatient clinic of a referral hospital were identifed through the electronic diagnosis

  18. Sex differences in antihypertensive drug use : determinants of the choice of medication for hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klungel, O.H.; de Boer, A; Paes, A.H.P.; Seidell, J C; Bakker, A

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe and explain sex differences in antihypertensive drug use. DESIGN AND METHODS: From 1987 to 1995, two cross-sectional population-based surveys of cardiovascular disease risk factors in The Netherlands were carried out among 56026 men and women aged 20-59 years. Polytomous

  19. Short-term cessation of sex work and injection drug use: evidence from a recurrent event survival analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaines, Tommi L; Urada, Lianne A; Martinez, Gustavo; Goldenberg, Shira M; Rangel, Gudelia; Reed, Elizabeth; Patterson, Thomas L; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2015-06-01

    This study quantitatively examined the prevalence and correlates of short-term sex work cessation among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) and determined whether injection drug use was independently associated with cessation. We used data from FSW-IDUs (n=467) enrolled into an intervention designed to increase condom use and decrease sharing of injection equipment but was not designed to promote sex work cessation. We applied a survival analysis that accounted for quit-re-entry patterns of sex work over 1-year stratified by city, Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Overall, 55% of participants stopped sex work at least once during follow-up. Controlling for other characteristics and intervention assignment, injection drug use was inversely associated with short-term sex work cessation in both cities. In Ciudad Juarez, women receiving drug treatment during follow-up had a 2-fold increase in the hazard of stopping sex work. In both cities, income from sources other than sex work, police interactions and healthcare access were independently and significantly associated with shorter-term cessation. Short-term sex work cessation was significantly affected by injection drug use. Expanded drug treatment and counseling coupled with supportive services such as relapse prevention, job training, and provision of alternate employment opportunities may promote longer-term cessation among women motivated to leave the sex industry. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Muusikaretk Ugandasse ja Venemaale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Uganda muusikute Joel Sebunjo ja Bukko Brite kontserdist sarja Muuilm ja Mõnda raames 20. okt. ja loengkontserdist "Venemaa muusikas ja ajas" (esinevad ajaloolane David Vseviov ja pianist Age Juurikas) 29. okt. Palamuse rahvamajas, esinejatest

  1. Drug suicide: a sex-equal cause of death in 16 European countries

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Varnik, Airi

    2011-01-29

    Abstract Background There is a lack of international research on suicide by drug overdose as a preventable suicide method. Sex- and age-specific rates of suicide by drug self-poisoning (ICD-10, X60-64) and the distribution of drug types used in 16 European countries were studied, and compared with other self-poisoning methods (X65-69) and intentional self-injury (X70-84). Methods Data for 2000-04\\/05 were collected from national statistical offices. Age-adjusted suicide rates, and age and sex distributions, were calculated. Results No pronounced sex differences in drug self-poisoning rates were found, either in the aggregate data (males 1.6 and females 1.5 per 100,000) or within individual countries. Among the 16 countries, the range (from some 0.3 in Portugal to 5.0 in Finland) was wide. \\'Other and unspecified drugs\\' (X64) were recorded most frequently, with a range of 0.2-1.9, and accounted for more than 70% of deaths by drug overdose in France, Luxembourg, Portugal and Spain. Psychotropic drugs (X61) ranked second. The X63 category (\\'other drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system\\') was least frequently used. Finland showed low X64 and high X61 figures, Scotland had high levels of X62 (\\'narcotics and hallucinogens, not elsewhere classified\\') for both sexes, while England exceeded other countries in category X60. Risk was highest among the middle-aged everywhere except in Switzerland, where the elderly were most at risk. Conclusions Suicide by drug overdose is preventable. Intentional self-poisoning with drugs kills as many males as females. The considerable differences in patterns of self-poisoning found in the various European countries are relevant to national efforts to improve diagnostics of suicide and appropriate specific prevention. The fact that vast majority of drug-overdose suicides came under the category X64 refers to the need of more detailed ICD coding system for overdose suicides is needed to permit better design of suicide

  2. Anti-aging drugs reduce hypothalamic inflammation in a sex-specific manner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadagurski, Marianna; Cady, Gillian; Miller, Richard A

    2017-08-01

    Aging leads to hypothalamic inflammation, but does so more slowly in mice whose lifespan has been extended by mutations that affect GH/IGF-1 signals. Early-life exposure to GH by injection, or to nutrient restriction in the first 3 weeks of life, also modulate both lifespan and the pace of hypothalamic inflammation. Three drugs extend lifespan of UM-HET3 mice in a sex-specific way: acarbose (ACA), 17-α-estradiol (17αE2), and nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), with more dramatic longevity increases in males in each case. In this study, we examined the effect of these anti-aging drugs on neuro-inflammation in hypothalamus and hippocampus. We found that age-associated hypothalamic inflammation is reduced in males but not in females at 12 months of age by ACA and 17αE2 and at 22 months of age in NDGA-treated mice. The three drugs blocked indices of hypothalamic reactive gliosis associated with aging, such as Iba-1-positive microglia and GFAP-positive astrocytes, as well as age-associated overproduction of TNF-α. This effect was not observed in drug-treated female mice or in the hippocampus of the drug-treated animals. On the other hand, caloric restriction (CR; an intervention that extends the lifespan in both sexes) significantly reduced hypothalamic microglia and TNF-α in both sexes at 12 months of age. Together, these results suggest that the extent of drug-induced changes in hypothalamic inflammatory processes is sexually dimorphic in a pattern that parallels the effects of these agents on mouse longevity and that mimics the changes seen, in both sexes, of long-lived nutrient restricted or mutant mice. © 2017 The Authors. Aging Cell published by the Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Mixing pleasures: review of the effects of drugs on sex behavior in humans and animal models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frohmader, Karla S; Pitchers, Kyle K; Balfour, Margaret E; Coolen, Lique M

    2010-06-01

    Drugs of abuse act on the brain circuits mediating motivation and reward associated with natural behaviors. There is ample evidence that drugs of abuse impact male and female sexual behavior. First, the current review discusses the effect of drugs of abuse on sexual motivation and performance in male and female humans. In particular, we discuss the effects of commonly abused drugs including psychostimulants, opiates, marijuana/THC, and alcohol. In general, drug use affects sexual motivation, arousal, and performance and is commonly associated with increased sexual risk behaviors. Second, studies on effects of systemic administration of drugs of abuse on sexual behavior in animals are reviewed. These studies analyze the effects on sexual performance and motivation but do not investigate the effects of drugs on risk-taking behavior, creating a disconnect between human and animal studies. For this reason, we discuss two studies that focus on the effects of alcohol and methamphetamine on inhibition of maladaptive sex-seeking behaviors in rodents. Third, this review discusses potential brain areas where drugs of abuse may be exerting their effect on sexual behavior with a focus on the mesolimbic system as the site of action. Finally, we discuss recent studies that have brought to light that sexual experience in turn can affect drug responsiveness, including a sensitized locomotor response to amphetamine in female and male rodents as well as enhanced drug reward in male rats. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Streets, strolls and spots: sex work, drug use and social space in Detroit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draus, Paul; Roddy, Juliette; Asabigi, Kanzoni

    2015-05-01

    In this paper, we explore social spaces related to street sex work and illicit drug use in Detroit. We consider these spaces as assemblages (Duff, 2011, 2013; Latour, 2005) that reflect the larger moral geography (Hubbard, 2012) of the city and fulfill specific functions in the daily lives of drug using sex workers. We draw on thirty-one in-depth qualitative interviews with former street sex workers who were recruited through a court-based treatment and recovery program, as well as ethnographic field notes from drug treatment and law enforcement settings. Our interview findings reveal highly organized and routine activities that exist in a relatively stable, symbiotic relationship with law enforcement practices, employment and commuter patterns, and built environments. While the daily life of street sex work involves a good deal of individual agency in terms of moving between spaces and negotiating terms of exchange, daily trajectories were also circumscribed by economics, illicit substance use, and the objective risks of the street and the police. We consider the implications of these results for future policy directed at harm reduction in the street setting. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Sex work, injection drug use, and abscesses: Associations in women, but not men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurcel, Alysse G; Burke, Deirdre; Skeer, Margie; Landy, David; Heimer, Robert; Wong, John B; Chui, Kenneth K H; Stopka, Thomas J

    2018-04-01

    Abscesses commonly occur among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, whether the risks are comparable between males and females, and the impact of sex work on abscess risk is unclear. The goal of this study was to examine the contemporary associations of gender and sex work with the risk of abscesses in PWID. Combining data from two cross-sectional studies conducted in the Greater Boston Area with people at risk for HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), we used the following inclusion criteria: age 18-45 years and report of illicit or non-prescription drug injection within the 30 days prior to the survey. Information on demographics, injection-mediated risks, and sexual behaviors was collected using Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview Software. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to model associations. The study sample included 298 people including 30% were female. Females were more likely than men to report sex work (28% vs. 16%, p = .012) and abscess during their lifetime (55% vs. 37% p = .004). Among the females, engaging in sex work increased by >5-fold the odds of reporting abscesses [Adjusted odds ratio 5.42; 95% CI: 1.27, 23.10]. There was no association between sex work and abscesses among men. We found a female-specific association between sex work, injection drug use, and abscesses among PWID. Although the cross-sectional designs precluded causal inferences, longitudinal studies could enhance understanding of gender-associated risks for abscesses and inform the development of harm reduction interventions. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  6. Club Drugs and HIV/STD Infection: An Exploratory Analysis among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Changsha, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jun; Zhao, Junshi; He, Jianmei; Zhang, Guoqiang; Tang, Xuemin

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate current club drug use and its potential association with the transmission of HIV/STD among Changsha men who have sex with men (MSM). Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted by using self-administered questionnaires including information regarding socio-demographics, club drug use, high-risk behaviors, and HIV/STD infections. Multiple methods including venue-based, peer referral using “snowball” techniques, and internet advertisements were used to recruit study participants. Results Of the 826 participants, 177 (21.4%) reported that they had used club drugs at some time before or during sex in the past six months. MSM with young age, low education level, and seeking partners through the internet or bars were the main population who used drugs. Poppers were the most common drug used among Changsha MSM. The prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus-2 were higher among drug users. There were no significant differences in unprotected sexual intercourse and condom use between drug users and non-users. Compared with non-users, risk behaviors such as group sex, multiple sex partners, and sex with foreigners were more frequent among drug users. Conclusion Club drug use is common among Changsha MSM, and is related to unsafe sex activities and HIV/STD infection. It is necessary to build novel targeted HIV prevention strategies to monitor and reduce club drug use among MSM. PMID:25950912

  7. Club Drugs and HIV/STD Infection: An Exploratory Analysis among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Changsha, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Chen

    Full Text Available To evaluate current club drug use and its potential association with the transmission of HIV/STD among Changsha men who have sex with men (MSM.A cross-sectional survey was conducted by using self-administered questionnaires including information regarding socio-demographics, club drug use, high-risk behaviors, and HIV/STD infections. Multiple methods including venue-based, peer referral using "snowball" techniques, and internet advertisements were used to recruit study participants.Of the 826 participants, 177 (21.4% reported that they had used club drugs at some time before or during sex in the past six months. MSM with young age, low education level, and seeking partners through the internet or bars were the main population who used drugs. Poppers were the most common drug used among Changsha MSM. The prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus-2 were higher among drug users. There were no significant differences in unprotected sexual intercourse and condom use between drug users and non-users. Compared with non-users, risk behaviors such as group sex, multiple sex partners, and sex with foreigners were more frequent among drug users.Club drug use is common among Changsha MSM, and is related to unsafe sex activities and HIV/STD infection. It is necessary to build novel targeted HIV prevention strategies to monitor and reduce club drug use among MSM.

  8. Sex-related differences in cadmium-induced alteration of drug action in the rat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnell, R.C.; Pence, D.H.; Prosser, T.D.; Miya, T.S.

    1976-01-01

    Three days after pretreatment of rats of both sexes with cadmium (2 mg/kg, i.p.), the duration of hypnosis induced by hexobarbital (75 mg/kg, i.p.) was potentiated in males but not females. Likewise, similar treatment with cadmium leads to significant inhibition of the metabolism of hexobarbital by hepatic microsomal enzymes obtained from male but not female animals. These data suggest that there is a sex-related difference in the ability of cadmium to alter drug action in rats.

  9. Prevalence and Characteristics of Abuse Experiences and Depression Symptoms among Injection Drug-Using Female Sex Workers in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica D. Ulibarri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This mixed methods study examined the prevalence and characteristics of physical and sexual abuse and depression symptoms among 624 injection drug-using female sex workers (FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico; a subset of 47 from Tijuana also underwent qualitative interviews. Linear regressions identified correlates of current depression symptoms. In the interviews, FSW-IDUs identified drug use as a method of coping with the trauma they experienced from abuse that occurred before and after age 18 and during the course of sex work. In a multivariate linear regression model, two factors—ever experiencing forced sex and forced sex in the context of sex work—were significantly associated with higher levels of depression symptoms. Our findings suggest the need for integrated mental health and drug abuse services for FSW-IDUs addressing history of trauma as well as for further research on violence revictimization in the context of sex work in Mexico.

  10. Prevalence and characteristics of abuse experiences and depression symptoms among injection drug-using female sex workers in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulibarri, Monica D; Hiller, Sarah P; Lozada, Remedios; Rangel, M Gudelia; Stockman, Jamila K; Silverman, Jay G; Ojeda, Victoria D

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study examined the prevalence and characteristics of physical and sexual abuse and depression symptoms among 624 injection drug-using female sex workers (FSW-IDUs) in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico; a subset of 47 from Tijuana also underwent qualitative interviews. Linear regressions identified correlates of current depression symptoms. In the interviews, FSW-IDUs identified drug use as a method of coping with the trauma they experienced from abuse that occurred before and after age 18 and during the course of sex work. In a multivariate linear regression model, two factors-ever experiencing forced sex and forced sex in the context of sex work-were significantly associated with higher levels of depression symptoms. Our findings suggest the need for integrated mental health and drug abuse services for FSW-IDUs addressing history of trauma as well as for further research on violence revictimization in the context of sex work in Mexico.

  11. [High prevalence of drug consumption and sexual risk behaviors in men who have sex with men].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folch, Cinta; Fernández-Dávila, Percy; Ferrer, Laia; Soriano, Raúl; Díez, Mercedes; Casabona, Jordi

    2015-08-07

    To describe the pattern of drug use among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in Spain and its association with sexual risk practices. The European MSM Internet Survey was implemented in 2010 in 38 European countries on websites for MSM and collected data on sociodemographics, sexual behavior, and other sexual health variables. The association between unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with casual partners and drug consumption was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression models. Among the 13,111 participants, most consumed drugs were cannabis (30.1%), popper (28.4%) and cocaine (18.7%). The risk of UAI with casual partners was 1.5 among those who had used drugs in relation to the other participants. The proportion of MSM who had injected drugs at least once in life was 2.5%, and 1.4% in the last 12 months. The prevalence of UAI with casual partners (53.4%), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (23%), hepatitis C (8.2%) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) (15.8%) was higher in MSM injectors related to those who had not used injected drugs (P<.05). The results of this study confirm a high prevalence of drug use in MSM and their relationship to sexual risk behavior. Although the use of injected drugs in MSM is a minority, this group reported a higher level of sexual risk behaviors, self-reported HIV, hepatitis C and other STI. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Sex differences in drug addiction: a review of animal and human studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattore, Liana; Altea, Silvia; Fratta, Walter

    2008-01-01

    Addiction research has historically neglected research on women, and most studies have been conducted on men only, with the concluding results generalized to the female population. The role of sex differences in vulnerability to drug abuse, their repercussions on prevention and treatment strategies all require detailed studies, as does the progression from recreational drug use to dependence. This review synthesizes evidence of gender differences in drug addiction, with particular emphasis on women's health and implications. We first reviewed behavioral studies showing sex differences in the preference for and self-administration of licit (i.e., alcohol and nicotine) and illicit (i.e., cocaine, amphetamine, heroin and cannabis) substances as revealed by animal models of addiction. Clinical studies demonstrating differences between men and women in craving, drug use, abstinence and relapse will then be examined. For both animal and human studies, the effects of hormones and estrous/menstrual cycle will be reviewed. Finally, neurobiological factors underlying gender differences in vulnerability to drug addiction (i.e., brain morphology and neurotransmission) and need for gender-specific detoxification treatments will be discussed.

  13. Sex differences in impulsive and compulsive behaviors: a focus on drug addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattore, Liana; Melis, Miriam

    2016-09-01

    Sex differences in inhibition and self-regulation at a behavioral level have been widely described. From an evolutionary point of view, the different selection pressures placed on male and female hominids led them to differ in their behavioral strategies that allowed our species to survive during natural selection processes. These differences reflect changes in neural and structural plasticity that might be the core of sex differences, and of the susceptibility towards one psychiatric condition rather than another. The goal of the present review is to summarize current evidence for such a dichotomy in impulsive and compulsive behavior with a focus on drug addiction. Sex-dependent differences in drug abuse and dependence will be examined in the context of pathophysiological regulation of impulse and motivation by neuromodulators (i.e. gonadal hormones) and neurotransmitters (i.e. dopamine). Advances in the understanding of the sex differences in the capability to control impulses and motivational states is key for the determination of efficacious biologically based intervention and prevention strategies for several neuropsychiatric disorders where loss of impulse control and compulsivity are the core symptoms. © 2016 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  14. Distinct Circulating Recombinant HIV-1 Strains Among Injecting Drug Users and Sex Workers in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    assessed sociodemographics, travel history, sex- work history, and activity for SWs and sexual -activity history for IDUs, past and current drug-use...behaviors, past and current STI symptoms, condom (men and women) and contraceptive (women only) use, and knowledge about HIV. SW participants received a...32.7 years. Most were married (72.7%) and had >6 years of formal education (72.7%). The mean reported duration of injecting was 2.45 years (SD¼ 1.63

  15. Sex, drugs and moral goals: reproductive strategies and views about recreational drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurzban, Robert; Dukes, Amber; Weeden, Jason

    2010-01-01

    Humans, unlike most other species, show intense interest in the activities of conspecifics, even when the activities in question pose no obvious fitness threat or opportunity. Here, we investigate one content domain in which people show substantial interest, the use of drugs for non-medical purposes. Drawing from two subject populations—one undergraduate and one Internet-based—we look at the relationships among (i) abstract political commitments; (ii) attitudes about sexuality; and (iii) views surrounding recreational drugs. Whereas some theories suggest that drug views are best understood as the result of abstract political ideology, we suggest that these views can be better understood in the context of reproductive strategy. We show that, as predicted by a strategic construal, drug attitudes are best predicted by sexual items rather than abstract political commitments and, further, that the relationship between factors such as political ideology and drugs, while positive, are reduced to zero or nearly zero when items assessing sexuality are controlled for. We conclude that considering morality from the standpoint of strategic interests is a potentially useful way to understand why humans care about third party behaviour. PMID:20554547

  16. Sex, drugs and rock'n'roll põlvkond / Triin Teramäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teramäe, Triin

    2007-01-01

    2.-9. veebr. on kinos "Sõprus" ja 11.-15. veebr. Tartu Sadamateatris 5. kultusfilmide festival Manifest, seekord 8 USA filmi aastaist 1946-2006) ja teemaks sõnavabadus. Mõnest filmist ja nende tähendusest ameerika ühiskonnale

  17. Sexual Orientation, Drug Use Preference during Sex, and HIV Risk Practices and Preferences among Men Who Specifically Seek Unprotected Sex Partners via the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Klein

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study entailed conducting a content analysis of 1,434 ads/profiles posted on one of the most popular “Men who have Sex with Men” (MSM websites that specifically fosters unprotected sex. Ads/profiles were selected randomly based on the American ZIP code of residence (n = 1,316, with a randomly-drawn oversampling of profiles of men who self-identified as heterosexual or ���curious” rather than gay or bisexual (n = 118. Data were collected between September 2006 and September 2007. The purpose of the present paper is to examine the conjoint effects of self-identified sexual orientation and preference for having/not having sex while high, on men’s sought-after sexual risk. Analytical comparisons of the four groups showed that, on most measures, the combination of sexual orientation and drug use preference during sex differentiated the men. Generally speaking, gay/bisexual men who advertised online for partners with whom they could have sex while high expressed the greatest interest in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., felching, unprotected oral sex, unprotected anal sex and various risk-related preferences (e.g., multiple partner sex, anonymous sex, eroticizing ejaculatory fluids. This is especially true when they are compared to their heterosexual/“curious” counterparts whose online profiles were not as likely to indicate a desire for having sex while high.

  18. Diclofenac sex-divergent drug-drug interaction with Sunitinib: pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in male and female mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chew, Chii Chii; Ng, Salby; Chee, Yun Lee; Koo, Teng Wai; Liew, Ming Hui; Chee, Evelyn Li-Ching; Modamio, Pilar; Fernández, Cecilia; Mariño, Eduardo L; Segarra, Ignacio

    2017-08-01

    Coadministration of diclofenac and sunitinib, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, led to sex-divergent pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction outcomes. Male and female mice were administered 60 mg/kg PO sunitinib alone (control groups) or with 30 mg/kg PO diclofenac. Sunitinib concentration in plasma, brain, kidney and liver were determined by HPLC and non-compartmental pharmacokinetic parameters calculated. In male mice, diclofenac decreased AUC 0→∞ 38% in plasma (p diclofenac increased the liver uptake efficiency in male (27%, p diclofenac with probable clinical translatability due to potential different effects in male and female patients requiring careful selection of the NSAID and advanced TDM to implement a personalized treatment.

  19. Drug, sex and age differentials in the use of Australian publicly funded treatment services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Jane Anne; Clavarino, Alexandra Marie; Najman, Jackob Moses

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about the proportion of the Australian population using alcohol or other drugs who may seek treatment. There is a need to have some additional estimates of population morbidity which reflect harms associated with use. To determine Australian population rates of publicly funded community based specialised alcohol and other drug treatment and in-patient hospital care by those 'at risk', by drug type, sex and age. The design is secondary data analysis of publicly available datasets. We use the latest available complete data on Australian general population incidence of alcohol, cannabis amphetamines and ecstasy use (2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey) and nationally collected administrative data on publicly funded specialised alcohol and other drug treatment services (2006-2007 Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Dataset) and public hospitals (2006-2007 National Hospital Morbidity Minimum Dataset) to calculate rates of drug treatment and in-patient hospital care per 1000 Australians. 'At risk' for alcohol is defined as being at risk of short term harm, as defined by the National Health and Medical Research Council (2001). 'At risk' for illicit drugs is defined as those exposed to potential harm through at least weekly use of cannabis, amphetamines and ecstasy use. Risky alcohol consumption followed by recent cannabis use appears to lead to most harm. Greater harm seems to be experienced by males rather than females. Younger adults (15-19 years) and older adults (40+ years) seem also to experience the highest rates of harm. It is possible to derive population estimates of harms associated with licit and illicit drugs use. Treatment rates vary across drug type, gender and age. Alcohol and cannabis are the substances whose use leads to the greatest demand for services. Ecstasy appears to generate few presentations for treatment. Publicly available data can be used to estimate harms associated with the use of particular

  20. Effectiveness of Culturally Appropriate Initiative on Drug-Related Harm Reduction for Sex Workers on the Thai/Malaysian Border.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunun, Worapol; Kanato, Manop

    2015-07-01

    Drug use can harm to sex workers. Abstinence intervention, however, may not be appropriate since drug use fosters their career performance. The objective was to develop the culturally appropriate model for sex workers participation on drug demand reduction at the Thailand/Malaysian border This study was a pre-post quasi-experimental design. Tripartite participation was used to develop the model aiming to reduce harm regarding drug use. The study carried out during June 2010-May 2011. Data were collected from 150 key informant interviews, 56 focus group discussions, 22 participant observations in various situations, and numerous related materials. Descriptive statistics, survival analysis and 95% confidence interval were utilizedfor quantitative data. Qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis. Drug related harm reduction was evaluated at two-week time along implementation period of 12 months. 89.5% of all sessions introduced could decrease drug related harm. Of all sex workers participated in the study, intended to treat analysis showed 86.9% success rate (95% CI; 77.1, 96.7). Of these, 32.6% became abstinence, 39.1% reduced most of drug related harm. 13.0% reduced partial drug related harm either lessfrequency, less quantity, less concentration, decrease types of drugs/switch to safe drugs or safer method of administration. 2.2% was infancy stage, which needed further support. Key success ofthe model was tripartite participation. With active leaders and strong support, sex workers were continually motivated to reduce harm regarding drug use.

  1. Sex-gender differences in drug abuse: a shift in the burden of proof?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetherington, Cora Lee

    2007-10-01

    In the early years of NIDA-supported drug abuse research, much of the research on women was treatment related and conducted out of concern for their pregnancy status. Since then, drug abuse research on women has expanded to include females of all ages, including infants, children, and adolescents, both human and animal. This expansion has also extended to the study of male-female differences. In the early years of the expansion, National Institutes of Health study sections demanded a heavy burden of proof from drug abuse researchers who proposed to study male-female differences. The need for such research appeared not to have face validity. The tide has now changed with the growing body of literature attesting to its scientific and clinical validity. This change is often reflected in concerns expressed in study sections reviewing drug abuse grant applications that an applicant does not propose to analyze the data for sex-gender differences when in fact the literature suggests that such differences would be observed. Although the change has been slow, it suggests that the burden of proof is shifting from having to defend why sex-gender differences should be studied to having to defend why they should not. (c) 2007 APA

  2. Seksist, linnast ja moest / Mervi Lill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lill, Mervi

    2008-01-01

    USA 1998. aastal ekraanile jõudnud menusari "Seks ja linn" on mõjutanud sarja populaarsuse kasvuga kogu moetööstust ja muutunud globaalseks moekuulutajaks. Sarja stilist on Patricia Field, kes tegev ka 2008.a. kevadel esilinastuva mängufilmi "Sex and The City. The Movie" juures

  3. Nonmedical use of prescription drugs in emerging adulthood: differentiating sex from gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peralta, Robert L; Stewart, Breanna C; Steele, Jennifer L; Wagner, Fernando A

    2016-01-01

    Male-female variations in health-behavior continue to be of national and international significance with men generally being more likely to be engaged in behaviors that enhance risk across an array of preventable diseases and injuries as well as premature deaths. The literature has identified non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) as a developing and particularly dangerous substance use behavior among college students. The literature has reported sex differences (male; female) in NMUPD but has yet to explain how gender-orientation (e.g., masculine, feminine) might impact NMUPD. The purpose of this study is to address this gap by examining the influence of gender-orientation on NMUPD. Using survey data collected during the 2013-2014 academic year from a convenience sample of college students at a mid-sized Midwestern university, we examine the association of gender-orientation with NMUPD (N=796). To do this, we separate masculine and feminine scales from the BEM Sex Role Inventory and use logistic regression to test whether masculine or feminine gender characteristics influence the likelihood of NMUPD (lifetime measure of any use and by category). This analysis shows that self-identified characteristics associated with masculinity increase the odds of NMUPD while femininity is associated with lower odds of NMUPD. Findings from this study increase our knowledge of gender-orientation and sex interactions as factors that might influence NMUPD thus demonstrating the importance of differentiating sex from gender-orientation.

  4. Sex differences in the gastrointestinal tract of rats and the implications for oral drug delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afonso-Pereira, Francisco; Dou, Liu; Trenfield, Sarah J; Madla, Christine M; Murdan, Sudaxshina; Sousa, Jõao; Veiga, Francisco; Basit, Abdul W

    2018-03-30

    Pre-clinical research often uses rodents as animal models to guide the selection of appropriate oral drug and dose selection in humans. However, traditionally, such research fails to consider the gastrointestinal differences between the sexes of rats and the impact on oral drug delivery. This study aimed to identify and characterise the potential sex-related differences in the gastrointestinal environment of sacrificed male and female Wistar rats. Their gastrointestinal tracts were excised and segmented into the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum and colon. The respective contents and tissue sections were collected and analysed for pH, buffer capacity, surface tension, osmolality and relative P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression. The pH in the stomach of females was found to be lower than in males. Female rats also exhibited a higher buffer capacity in the caecum and colon when compared with their male counterparts. Males were found to have a higher osmolality than females in the duodenum, ileum and colon. Significant sex differences (p < 0.05) in surface tension were observed in the ileum, where females exhibited a higher surface tension. Interestingly, female rats displayed significantly higher relative P-gp expression levels (p < 0.05) when compared with male rats in the duodenum (1.24 ± 0.85 vs. 0.36 ± 0.26), jejunum (1.45 ± 0.88 vs. 0.38 ± 0.26) and ileum (0.92 ± 0.43 vs. 0.40 ± 0.18) but not in the colon (0.5 ± 0.32 vs. 0.33 ± 0.16) segments. The work reported has demonstrated the stark physiological differences between male and female rats at a physiological level, indicating how the 'sex of the gut' could influence oral drug delivery. These findings, therefore, are of critical importance in pre-clinical research and drug development. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Occupational and demographic factors associated with drug use among female sex workers at the China-Myanmar border.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hail-Jares, Katie; Choi, Sugy; Duo, Lin; Luo, Zhi; Huang, Z Jennifer

    2016-04-01

    Within the last decade, the use of amphetamine type stimulants (ATS) has swelled in Myanmar. Regionally, female sex workers have reported turning to ATS for occupational reasons. In doing so, drug-using female sex workers (FSW) face compounded risks for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). Here, we examine the factors that impact FSW drug use in Muse, a town along the China-Myanmar border. In 2012, 101 FSW were recruited from entertainment venues and brothels along the Myanmar-Chinese border. Participants participated in a self-administered behavioral survey covering demographics, drug use, sex work, and risk behaviors. Bivariate and regression analyses were conducted in SPSS. Thirty four percent of respondents indicated current drug use. ATS derivatives were the most commonly used drugs (87.5%) with injection drug use being nearly non-existent in the sample. Drug using FSWs were older, had engaged in sex work longer, had more Chinese clients, and were more likely to have a previous boyfriend who had used drugs. They were also 3.5 times more likely to report a STI. Client condom use, HIV testing rates, and familiarity with public health resources did not statistically differ by drug use status. More research is needed to examine how romantic and professional sexual relationships push-and-pull FSW into using drugs. Our results suggest that diverse safer sex strategies, beyond client condom use, should be promoted with drug using FSWs, including strategies that acknowledge the impact of ATS use. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Sensation seeking moderates the effects of alcohol and drug use prior to sex on sexual risk in young men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcomb, Michael E; Clerkin, Elise M; Mustanski, Brian

    2011-04-01

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for more than half of all new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the United States each year, and young MSM (ages 13-24) have the highest increases in new infections. Identifying which young MSM engage in sexual risk-taking in which contexts is critical in developing effective behavioral intervention strategies for this population. While studies have consistently found positive associations between the use of certain drugs and sexual risk, research on alcohol use as a predictor of risk has been less consistent. Participants included 114 young MSM from a longitudinal study of LGBT youth (ages 16-20 at baseline). Participants reported number of unprotected sex acts with up to nine partners across three waves of data collection spanning a reporting window of 18 months, for a total of 406 sexual partners. Sensation seeking was evaluated as a moderator of the effects of both alcohol and drug use prior to sex on sexual risk. Higher levels of sensation seeking were found to significantly increase the positive associations between frequency of unprotected sex and frequency of both alcohol use and drug use with partners. Follow-up analysis found that average rates of alcohol use moderated the association between alcohol use prior to sex and sexual risk, such that decreases in average alcohol use increased the positive association between these variables. Results suggest that while drug use with partners increased sexual risk for all young MSM, the effects of alcohol use prior to sex were limited in low sensation-seeking young MSM as well as those who are high alcohol consumers on average. Implications for future research and behavioral interventions are discussed.

  7. Drug, Sex and Age Differentials in the Use of Australian Publicly Funded Treatment Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Anne Fischer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context Little is known about the proportion of the Australian population using alcohol or other drugs who may seek treatment. There is a need to have some additional estimates of population morbidity which reflect harms associated with use. Objective To determine Australian population rates of publicly funded community based specialised alcohol and other drug treatment and in-patient hospital care by those ‘at risk’, by drug type, sex and age. Design and setting The design is secondary data analysis of publicly available datasets. We use the latest available complete data on Australian general population incidence of alcohol, cannabis amphetamines and ecstasy use (2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and nationally collected administrative data on publicly funded specialised alcohol and other drug treatment services (2006–2007 Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Dataset and public hospitals (2006–2007 National Hospital Morbidity Minimum Dataset to calculate rates of drug treatment and in-patient hospital care per 1000 Australians. ‘At risk’ for alcohol is defined as being at risk of short term harm, as defined by the National Health and Medical Research Council (2001. ‘At risk’ for illicit drugs is defined as those exposed to potential harm through at least weekly use of cannabis, amphetamines and ecstasy use. Results Risky alcohol consumption followed by recent cannabis use appears to lead to most harm. Greater harm seems to be experienced by males rather than females. Younger adults (15–19 years and older adults (40+ years seem also to experience the highest rates of harm. Conclusions It is possible to derive population estimates of harms associated with licit and illicit drugs use. Treatment rates vary across drug type, gender and age. Alcohol and cannabis are the substances whose use leads to the greatest demand for services. Ecstasy appears to generate few presentations for treatment

  8. Piloting a ‘Spatial Isolation’ Index: The Built Environment and Sexual and Drug Use Risks to Sex Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, Kathleen N; Rusch, Melanie; Amram, Ofer; Chettiar, Jill; Nguyen, Paul; Feng, Cindy X; Shannon, Kate

    2014-01-01

    Background Employing innovative mapping and spatial analyses of individual and neighborhood environment data, we examined the social, physical and structural features of overlapping street-based sex work and drug scenes and explored the utility of a ‘spatial isolation index’ in explaining exchanging sex for drugs and exchanging sex while high. Methods Analyses drew on baseline interview and geographic data (Jan/10-Oct/11) from a large prospective cohort of street and off-street sex workers (SWs) in Metropolitan Vancouver and external publically-available, neighborhood environment data. An index measuring ‘spatial isolation’ was developed from seven indicators measuring features of the built environment within 50m buffers (e.g. industrial or commercial zoning, lighting) surrounding sex work environments. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between the two outcomes (exchanged sex for drugs; exchanged sex while high) and the index, as well as each individual indicator. Results Of 510 SWs, 328 worked in street-based/outdoor environments (e.g. streets, parks, alleys) and were included in the analyses. In multivariable analysis, increased spatial isolation surrounding street-based/outdoor SWs’ main places of servicing clients as measured with the index was significantly associated with exchanging sex for drugs. Exchanging sex for drugs was also significantly positively associated with an indicator of the built environment suggesting greater spatial isolation (increased percent of parks) and negatively associated with those suggesting decreased spatial isolation (increased percent commercial areas, increased count of lighting, increased building footprint). Exchanging sex while high was negatively associated with increased percent of commercial zones but this association was removed when adjusting for police harassment. Conclusions The results from our exploratory study highlight how built environment shapes risks

  9. Piloting a 'spatial isolation' index: the built environment and sexual and drug use risks to sex workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, Kathleen N; Rusch, Melanie; Amram, Ofer; Chettiar, Jill; Nguyen, Paul; Feng, Cindy X; Shannon, Kate

    2014-05-01

    Employing innovative mapping and spatial analyses of individual and neighbourhood environment data, we examined the social, physical and structural features of overlapping street-based sex work and drug scenes and explored the utility of a 'spatial isolation index' in explaining exchanging sex for drugs and exchanging sex while high. Analyses drew on baseline interview and geographic data (January 2010-October 2011) from a large prospective cohort of street and off-street sex workers (SWs) in Metropolitan Vancouver and external publically-available, neighbourhood environment data. An index measuring 'spatial isolation' was developed from seven indicators measuring features of the built environment within 50m buffers (e.g., industrial or commercial zoning, lighting) surrounding sex work environments. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between the two outcomes (exchanged sex for drugs; exchanged sex while high) and the index, as well as each individual indicator. Of 510 SWs, 328 worked in street-based/outdoor environments (e.g., streets, parks, alleys) and were included in the analyses. In multivariable analysis, increased spatial isolation surrounding street-based/outdoor SWs' main places of servicing clients as measured with the index was significantly associated with exchanging sex for drugs. Exchanging sex for drugs was also significantly positively associated with an indicator of the built environment suggesting greater spatial isolation (increased percent of parks) and negatively associated with those suggesting decreased spatial isolation (increased percent commercial areas, increased count of lighting, increased building footprint). Exchanging sex while high was negatively associated with increased percent of commercial zones but this association was removed when adjusting for police harassment. The results from our exploratory study highlight how built environment shapes risks within overlapping street-based sex

  10. Sepsis - tunnistaminen ja hoito ensi- ja akuuttihoidossa

    OpenAIRE

    Ansio, Susa; Saarenketo, Tiia

    2016-01-01

    Sepsiksellä tarkoitetaan tilannetta, jolloin ihmisen verenkierrossa on bakteereita ja tämä aiheuttaa vakavia oireita. Lähes kaikki sepsiksen oireet johtuvat elimistön puolustusreaktiosta bakteeria vastaan. Sepsiksen hoito on monivaiheista ja kallista, ja siihen kuolleisuus on suurta. Ensihoidossa olisi tärkeää tunnistaa mahdollinen sepsis ja aloittaa tarvittava hoito mahdollisimman varhaisessa vaiheessa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on kuvata sepsiksen tunnistamista ensihoidossa, myöhäisem...

  11. Male-to-male sex among men who inject drugs in Delhi, India: overlapping HIV risk behaviours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Gregory; Jorm, Anthony F; Samson, Luke; Joubert, Lynette; Singh, Shalini; Kermode, Michelle

    2015-04-01

    HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) is a major public health challenge in India. This paper examines PWID in Delhi who also have male-to-male sex with a focus on overlapping HIV risk behaviours and the psychosocial correlates of a history of male-to-male anal sex. We analysed data collected in April-May of 2012 from a community-based sample of 420 male PWID in Delhi obtained using time location sampling. One third (37%) of the men reported a history of anal sex with men, among whom just 16% used a condom at last anal sex. Almost all (93%) participants who had a history of anal sex with men also had sex with women. Chi-square tests revealed that a history of anal sex with men was associated with a higher number of female sexual partners and sharing of needles and syringes. Additionally, unprotected sex at last sex with a male partner was significantly associated with unprotected sex at last sex with regular and paid female partners. Multivariate binary logistic regression revealed that the psychosocial correlates of a history of anal sex with other men were: being aged 18-24 (OR = 2.4, p = 0.014), illiteracy (OR = 1.9, p = 0.033), having never been married (OR = 2.6, p = 0.007), a main source of income of crime/begging (OR = 3.1, p = 0.019), a duration of injecting drug use greater than 20 years (OR = 3.4, p = 0.035) and suicidal ideation (OR = 1.7, p = 0.048). Male-to-male sex was associated with psychosocial vulnerability, including a longer history of injecting drug use, suicidal ideation and socio-economic disadvantage. Given the extent of overlapping HIV risk behaviours, HIV programs for PWID would benefit from a strong focus on prevention of sexual HIV transmission, especially among male injectors who also have sex with other men. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. An experiential program to reduce AIDS risk among female sex partners of injection-drug users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, F; Wolitski, R J; Thornton-Johnson, S

    1992-11-01

    This article describes the development and implementation of an acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) intervention program for female sex partners of male injection-drug users. Four psychoeducational workshops were designed to motivate personal risk reduction, provide participants with necessary cognitive and behavioral skills, and enhance participants' perceived ability to enact positive changes in their lives. The development of the workshop modules was guided by traditional theories of health behavior change and social learning. Also included in the intervention are referral and advocacy services, personal risk reduction counseling, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing. Preliminary results indicate that the program has made a significant impact on the AIDS risk of participants--91 percent of women who completed the program reported that they had made positive changes in their lives to reduce their risk of HIV infection.

  13. Reducing Sex under the Influence of Drugs or Alcohol for Patients in Substance Abuse Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calsyn, Donald A.; Crits-Christoph, Paul; Hatch-Maillette, Mary A.; Doyle, Suzanne R.; Song, Yong S.; Coyer, Susan; Pelta, Sara

    2009-01-01

    Aims In a previous report, the effectiveness of the Real Men Are Safe (REMAS) intervention in reducing the number of unprotected sexual occasions among male drug abuse treatment patients was demonstrated. A secondary aim of REMAS was to reduce the frequency with which men engage in sex under the influence (SUI) of drugs or alcohol. Design Men in methadone maintenance (n=173) or outpatient psychosocial treatment (n=104) completed assessments at baseline, 3- and 6-months post intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to attend either REMAS (five sessions containing information, motivational exercises and skills training, including one session specifically targeting reducing SUI), or HIV education (HIV-Ed; one session containing HIV prevention information). SUI during the most recent sexual event served as the primary outcome in a repeated measures logistic regression model. Findings Men assigned to the REMAS condition reporting SUI at the most recent sexual event decreased from 36.8% at baseline to 25.7% at 3 months compared to a increase from 36.9% to 38.3% in the HIV-Ed condition (tintervention=−2.16, p=.032). No difference between the treatment groups was evident at 6-month follow-up. At each assessment time point, sex with a casual partner versus a regular partner, and being in methadone maintenance versus psychosocial outpatient treatment, were associated with engaging in SUI. Conclusions Overall a motivational and skills training HIV prevention intervention designed for men was associated with greater reduction in SUI than standard HIV education at the 3-month follow-up. PMID:20078464

  14. The relationship between violence and engagement in drug dealing and sex work among street-involved youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Kanna; Daly-Grafstein, Ben; Dong, Huiru; Wood, Evan; Kerr, Thomas; DeBeck, Kora

    2016-06-27

    Street-involved youth are highly vulnerable to violence. While involvement in income-generating activities within illicit drug scenes is recognized as shaping youths' vulnerability to violence, the relative contributions of different income-generating activities remain understudied. We sought to examine the independent effects of drug dealing and sex work on experiencing violence among street-involved youth. Data were derived from a prospective cohort of street-involved youth aged 14-26 who used drugs in Vancouver, British Columbia, between September 2005 and May 2014. Multivariable generalized estimating equations were used to examine the impact of involvement in drug dealing and sex work on experiencing violence. Among 1,152 participants, including 364 (31.6%) women, 740 (64.2%) reported having experienced violence at some point during the study period. In multivariable analysis, involvement in drug dealing but not sex work remained independently associated with experiencing violence among females (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-1.90) and males (AOR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.25-1.80), while involvement in sex work only was not associated with violence among females (AOR: 1.15; 95% CI: 0.76-1.74) or males (AOR: 1.42; 95% CI: 0.81-2.48). Findings indicate that involvement in drug dealing is a major factor associated with experiencing violence among our sample. In addition to conventional interventions, such as addiction treatment, novel approaches are needed to reduce the risk of violence for drug-using youth who are actively engaged in drug dealing. The potential for low-threshold employment and decriminalization of drug use to mitigate violence warrants further study.

  15. Sairaanhoitaja- ja terveydenhoitajaopiskelijoiden ensiaputiedot ja -taidot

    OpenAIRE

    Lehtimäki, Laura; Mäki, Laura; Varis, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää ensimmäisen vuoden sairaanhoitaja- ja terveydenhoitajaopiskelijoiden ensiaputietoja ja –taitoja sekä ensiapuopetuksen ja -harjoitusten vaikutusta niihin. Lisäksi tarkoituksena oli saada selville eri oppimistyylien vaikutusta ensiaputietojen ja –taitojen oppimiseen. Opinnäytetyömme oli määrällinen eli kvantitatiivinen tutkimus. Opinnäytetyössä perusjoukkona oli Porvoon Laurea-ammattikorkeakoulun ensimmäisen vuoden sairaanhoitaja- ja terveydenhoita...

  16. Correlates of intensive alcohol and drug use in men who have sex with men in Catalonia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folch, Cinta; Esteve, Anna; Zaragoza, Kati; Muñoz, Rafa; Casabona, Jordi

    2010-04-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of alcohol and drug use before or during sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Catalonia during 2006, and to identify factors associated with variables of intensive alcohol and drug use. Cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires. Men were recruited in saunas, sex shops, bars and a public park and by mail to all the members of the Catalonia Gay Federation. 19.6% of men said they were frequent users of alcohol, some type of drug (21.7%), or that they were multidrug users (18%) in the last 12 months. The multivariate analysis showed an association between having suffered discrimination and frequent alcohol and multidrug use. Being human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive was associated with frequent use of drugs and multidrug use. Associations between substance use and sexual risk behaviour also emerged. The high percentage of MSM who use alcohol and drugs before and during sex and association between these substances and sexual risk behaviours reveals the need to intensify interventions to reduce their levels of use and/or to reduce the associated damage and risks. These programs must try to cover MSM-specific psychosocial aspects and include prevention for HIV-positive men.

  17. The importance of biological rhythms in drug treatment of hypertension and sex-dependent modifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemmer B

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Björn LemmerInstitute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, GermanyAbstract: The cardiovascular system is highly organized in time. Blood pressure, heart rate, peripheral resistance, pressure, and vasodilating hormones display pronounced circadian variations. New data presented here demonstrate also sex-dependent differences in vasodilating hormones, with higher NOχ excretion in females than males and a steeper early morning rise in norepinephrine in males, whereas the 24-hour blood pressure and heart-rate profiles were not different. Various antihypertensive drugs were investigated in crossover studies – morning versus evening dosing – in hypertensive patients; however, consistent data were only described for angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin II type 1 (AT1 receptor blockers. Whereas in dippers ACE inhibitors had a superdipping effect when dosed at night, no difference in the blood pressure lowering effect or on the 24-hour blood pressure profile was found with calcium channel blockers after morning and evening dosing. In nondippers, the calcium channel blockers isradipine and amlodipine transformed nondippers into dippers, similar after evening dosing. The effects of AT1-receptor blockers are similar to those of ACE inhibitors. Also, diuretics are able to normalize non dipping behavior. Moreover, a circadian phase dependency in their pharmacokinetics has been demonstrated for various cardiovascular-active drugs, such as beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, oral nitrates, and ACE inhibitors, modified by the galenic formulation. There is evidence that in hypertensive dippers, antihypertensive drugs should be given during early morning hours, whereas in non dippers it can be necessary to add an evening dose or even to apply a single evening dose in order not only to reduce high blood pressure, but also to

  18. Specific Sex-Drug Combinations Contribute to the Majority of Recent HIV Seroconversions Among MSM in the MACS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrow, David G.; Plankey, Michael W.; Cox, Christopher; Li, Xiuhong; Shoptaw, Steven; Jacobson, Lisa P.; Stall, Ronald C.

    2011-01-01

    Background New HIV infections are being observed among men who have sex with men. Understanding the fusion of risky sexual behaviors, stimulant and erectile dysfunction drug use with HIV seroconversion may provide direction for focused intervention. Methods During the follow-up period (1998–2008) we identified 57 HIV seroconverters among 1,667 initially HIV-seronegative men. Time to seroconversion was modeled using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis for 7 combinations of sex-drugs (inhaled nitrites or “poppers”, stimulants, and EDDs) used at the current or previous semi-annual visit, adjusting for other risk factors including sexual behavior, alcohol and other drugs used, and depression. Model-based adjusted attributable risks were then calculated. Results The risk of seroconversion increased linearly with the number of unprotected receptive anal sex partners (URASP), with hazard ratios (HR) ranging from 1.73 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.75, 4.01) for 1 partner, to 4.23 (95% CI: 1.76, 10.17) for 2–4 partners to 14.21 (95% CI: 6.27, 32.20) for 5+ partners, independent of other risk factors. After adjustment, risks for seroconversion increased from 2.99 (95% CI: 1.02, 8.76) for men who reported using stimulants only (1 drug) to 8.45 (95% CI: 2.67, 26.71) for men who reported using all 3 sex-drugs. The use of any of the 7 possible sex-drug combinations accounted for 63% of the nine-year HIV seroincidence in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). When contributions of increased URASP and combination drug use were analyzed together, the total attributable risk for HIV seroconversion was 74%, with 41% attributable to URASP alone and a residual of 33% due to other direct or indirect effects of sex-drug use. Conclusions Use of poppers, stimulants and EDDs increased risk for HIV seroconversion significantly in this cohort. These data reinforce the importance of implementing interventions that target drug-reduction as part of comprehensive and

  19. The impact of violence on sex risk and drug use behaviors among women engaged in sex work in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draughon Moret, Jessica E; Carrico, Adam W; Evans, Jennifer L; Stein, Ellen S; Couture, Marie-Claude; Maher, Lisa; Page, Kimberly

    2016-04-01

    Violence, substance use, and HIV disproportionately impact female entertainment and sex workers (FESW), but causal pathways remain unclear. We examined data from an observational cohort of FESW age 15-29 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia for associations between violence exposure and sexual risk and drug use. Validated measures of physical and sexual violence were assessed at baseline. Self-reported outcomes measured quarterly over the next 12-months included past month sexual partners, consistent condom use by partner type, sex while high, and amphetamine type stimulant (ATS) use. Biomarkers measured quarterly included prostate specific antigen (PSA) and urine toxicology. Generalized estimating equations were fit adjusting for age, education, marital status and sex work venue. Of 220 women, 48% reported physical or sexual violence in the preceding 12-months. Physical violence was associated with increased number of sex partners (adjusted incidence rate ratio [aIRR] 1.33; 95% CI: 1.04-1.71), greater odds of sex while high (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.42; 95% CI: 1.10-5.33), increased days of ATS use (aIRR 2.74; 95% CI: 1.29-5.84) and increased odds of an ATS+ urine screen (aOR 2.80, 95%CI: 1.38-5.66). Sexual violence predicted decreased odds of consistent condom use with non-paying partners (aOR 0.24; 95% CI: 0.10-0.59) and greater odds of a PSA+ vaginal swab (aOR 1.83; 95% CI: 1.13-2.93). Physical and sexual violence are prevalent among Cambodian FESW and associated with subsequent sexual risk and drug use behaviors. Clinical research examining interventions targeting structural and interpersonal factors impacting violence is needed to optimize HIV/AIDS prevention among FESW. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Unexpectedly high proportion of drug users and men having sex with men who develop chronic hepatitis B infection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Houdt, Robin; Bruisten, Sylvia M.; Speksnijder, Arjen G. C. L.; Prins, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Background & Aims: In low endemic countries, most hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are found in adult behavioural risk groups, such as drug users (DU) and men having sex with men (MSM). These risk groups are frequently exposed to HBV, which might induce a different rate of viral clearance compared

  1. Prevalence of recreational drug use reported by men who have sex with men attending sexual health clinics in Manchester, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomkins, A; Ahmad, S; Cannon, L; Higgins, S P; Kliner, M; Kolyva, A; Ward, C; Vivancos, R

    2018-03-01

    Recreational drug use (RDU) has been reported to be disproportionately higher in men who have sex with men (MSM) when compared to their heterosexual counterparts. To identify RDU, links to risky sexual practices and infections for MSM attending three sexual health clinics across Manchester, United Kingdom, a retrospective case note review was conducted using a random powered sample of service users attending three sites during 2014. Three hundred and fifty-seven case notes were reviewed across three sites. Eighteen per cent of service users reported any type of RDU. Use of at least one of the three drugs associated with chemsex (crystal methamphetamine, mephedrone, gamma hydroxybutyrate/gamma butyrolactone) was reported by 3.6%. A statistically significant difference was identified between non-drug users and any-drug users reporting: group sex (odds ratio [OR] 5.88, p = 0.013), condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI) (OR 2.77, p = 0.003) and condomless oral intercourse (OR 2.52, p = 0.016). A statistically significant difference was identified between chemsex-related drug user and non-drug user groups reporting: group sex (OR 13.05, p = 0.023), CRAI (OR 3.69, p = 0.029) and condomless insertive anal intercourse (OR 1.27, p = 0.039). There was also a statistically higher incidence of gonorrhoea infection in chemsex-related drug use compared with those not using drugs (p = 0.002, OR 6.88). This study identifies that substance use is common in MSM attending sexual health clinics in Manchester. High-risk sexual practices and certain sexually transmitted infections are more common in MSM reporting RDU.

  2. Sex differences in drug-related stress-system changes: implications for treatment in substance-abusing women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Helen C; Sinha, Rajita

    2009-01-01

    Extensive research indicates that chronic substance abuse disrupts stress and reward systems of the brain. Gender variation within these stress-system alterations, including the impact of sex hormones on these changes, may influence sex-specific differences in both the development of, and recovery from, dependency. As such, gender variations in stress-system function may also provide a viable explanation for why women are markedly more vulnerable than men to the negative consequences of drug use. This article therefore initially reviews studies that have examined gender differences in emotional and biophysiological changes to the stress and reward system following the acute administration of drugs, including cocaine, alcohol, and nicotine. The article then reviews studies that have examined gender differences in response to various types of stress in both healthy and drug-abusing populations. Studies examining the impact of sex hormones on these gender-related responses are also reported. The implications of these sex-specific variations in stress and reward system function are discussed in terms of both comorbid psychopathology and treatment outcome.

  3. Factors associated with history of drug use among female sex workers (FSW in a high HIV prevalence state of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medhi Gajendra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The intersection between illicit drug use and female commercial sex work has been identified as an important factor responsible for rising HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSW in several northeastern states of India. But, little is know about the factors associated with the use of drugs among FSWs in this region. The objective of the paper was to describe the factors associated with history of drug use among FSWs in Dimapur, an important commercial hub of Nagaland, which is a high HIV prevalence state of India. Methods FSWs were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS, and were interviewed to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics and HIV risk behaviours. Biological samples were tested for HIV, syphilis gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with drug use. Results Among the 426 FSWs in the study, about 25% (n = 107 reported having ever used illicit drugs. Among 107 illicit drug users, 83 (77.6% were non-injecting and 24 (22.4% were injecting drug users. Drug-using FSWs were significantly more likely to test positive for one or more STIs (59% vs. 33.5%, active syphilis (27.1% vs. 11.4% and Chlamydia infection (30% vs. 19.9% compared to their non-drug using peers. Drug-using FSWs were also significantly more likely to be currently married, widowed or separated compared with non-drug-using FSWs. In multiple logistic regression analysis, being an alcohol user, being married, having a larger volume of clients, and having sexual partners who have ever used or shared injecting drugs were found to be independently associated with illicit drug use. Conclusions Drug-using FSWs were more vulnerable to STIs including HIV compared to their non-drug using peers. Several important factors associated with being an FSW who uses drugs were identified in this study and this knowledge can be used to plan more effectively targeted harm reduction strategies

  4. Sex work involvement among women with long-term opioid injection drug dependence who enter opioid agonist treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Kirsten; Oviedo-Joekes, Eugenia; Guh, Daphne; Marsh, David C; Brissette, Suzanne; Schechter, Martin T

    2012-01-25

    Substitution with opioid-agonists (e.g., methadone) has shown to be an effective treatment for chronic long-term opioid dependency. Survival sex work, very common among injection drug users, has been associated with poor Opioid Agonist Treatment (OAT) engagement, retention and response. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine factors associated with engaging in sex work among long-term opioid dependent women receiving OAT. Data from a randomized controlled trial, the North American Opiate Medication Initiative (NAOMI), conducted in Vancouver and Montreal (Canada) between 2005-2008, was analyzed. The NAOMI study compared the effectiveness of oral methadone to injectable diacetylmorphine or injectable hydromorphone, the last two on a double blind basis, over 12 months. A research team, independent of the clinic services, obtained outcome evaluations at baseline and follow-up (3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months). A total 53.6% of women reported engaging in sex work in at least one of the research visits. At treatment initiation, women who were younger and had fewer years of education were more likely to be engaged in sex work. The multivariate logistic generalized estimating equation regression analysis determined that psychological symptoms, and high illicit heroin and cocaine use correlated with women's involvement in sex work during the study period. After entering OAT, women using injection drugs and engaging in sex work represent a particularly vulnerable group showing poorer psychological health and a higher use of heroin and cocaine compared to women not engaging in sex work. These factors must be taken into consideration in the planning and provision of OAT in order to improve treatment outcomes. NCT00175357.

  5. Sex work involvement among women with long-term opioid injection drug dependence who enter opioid agonist treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchand Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substitution with opioid-agonists (e.g., methadone has shown to be an effective treatment for chronic long-term opioid dependency. Survival sex work, very common among injection drug users, has been associated with poor Opioid Agonist Treatment (OAT engagement, retention and response. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine factors associated with engaging in sex work among long-term opioid dependent women receiving OAT. Methods Data from a randomized controlled trial, the North American Opiate Medication Initiative (NAOMI, conducted in Vancouver and Montreal (Canada between 2005-2008, was analyzed. The NAOMI study compared the effectiveness of oral methadone to injectable diacetylmorphine or injectable hydromorphone, the last two on a double blind basis, over 12 months. A research team, independent of the clinic services, obtained outcome evaluations at baseline and follow-up (3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months. Results A total 53.6% of women reported engaging in sex work in at least one of the research visits. At treatment initiation, women who were younger and had fewer years of education were more likely to be engaged in sex work. The multivariate logistic generalized estimating equation regression analysis determined that psychological symptoms, and high illicit heroin and cocaine use correlated with women's involvement in sex work during the study period. Conclusions After entering OAT, women using injection drugs and engaging in sex work represent a particularly vulnerable group showing poorer psychological health and a higher use of heroin and cocaine compared to women not engaging in sex work. These factors must be taken into consideration in the planning and provision of OAT in order to improve treatment outcomes. Trial Registration NCT00175357.

  6. HIV among female sex workers in the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, and Mongolia: contexts and convergence with drug use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baral, Stefan; Todd, Catherine S; Aumakhan, Bulbul; Lloyd, Jennifer; Delegchoimbol, Altanchimeg; Sabin, Keith

    2013-11-01

    Central Asia is culturally and demographically diverse, both between and within its respective countries. That diversity is represented in the range of individual, network, community, and structural risks for female sex workers (FSWs) regionally. FSWs have several risk factors for HIV acquisition and transmission including behavioral, biological, and structural risk factors. Across Central Asia, sexual risks have become conflated with risks associated with injection and non-injection illicit drug use. Peer-reviewed literature databases and gray literature were searched for articles on sex work in Central Asia. The medial subject heading (MeSH) of "sex work" was cross-referenced with terms associated with Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Afghanistan. HIV prevalence data for FSWs suggest sustained or increasing prevalence in the region. There are increasing data directly linking HIV among FSWs to injection drug use; odds of HIV are up to 20 times higher among FSWs reporting injecting drug use. Though injecting drug use among FSWs is rare in some settings, recreational drugs and alcohol use limits other risk reduction behaviors, such as condom use. The Central Asian HIV epidemic has traditionally been assumed to be driven nearly exclusively by drug use, resulting in surveillance systems focused on parenteral transmission. The reviewed data highlight limited attention to characterizing the burden of HIV and risk factors for HIV acquisition and transmission among FSWs who use drugs. Moving forward will require enhanced HIV surveillance and research to inform HIV prevention approaches to address all levels of HIV risks affecting FSWs in Central Asia. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  7. Romantikutest, armastusega ja ja halastuseta / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Kolmest suvelavastusest: Tiit Palu dramatiseering Gustave Flaubert'i teosest "Madame Bovary" Endla teatris, Marcel Pagnoli "Tuulesaared", lavastaja Maria Peterson - Theatrum ja MTÜ Arhipelaag Hiiumaal Tahkuna tuletorni all ja Eugene O'Neilli "Iha jalakate all", lavastaja Roman Baskin, MTÜ Kell Kümme Kurgjal Jakobsoni talumuuseumis

  8. Prevalence of drug use during sex amongst MSM in Europe: Results from a multi-site bio-behavioural survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosińska, Magdalena; Gios, Lorenzo; Nöstlinger, Christiana; Vanden Berghe, Wim; Marcus, Ulrich; Schink, Susanne; Sherriff, Nigel; Jones, Anna-Marie; Folch, Cinta; Dias, Sonia; Velicko, Inga; Mirandola, Massimo

    2018-05-01

    Substance use has been consistently reported to be more prevalent amongst Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) compared to the general population. Substance use, in particular polydrug use, has been found to be influenced by social and contextual factors and to increase the risk of unprotected intercourse among MSM. The objective of this analysis was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of drug use during a sexual encounter and to identify specific prevention needs. A multi-site bio-behavioural cross-sectional survey was implemented in 13 European cities, targeting MSM and using Time-Location Sampling and Respondent-Driven Sampling methods Multivariable multi-level logistic random-intercept model (random effect of study site) was estimated to identify factors associated with the use of alcohol, cannabis, party drugs, sexual performance enhancement drugs and chemsex drugs. Overall, 1261 (30.0%) participants reported drug use, and 436 of 3706 (11.8%) reported the use of two or more drugs during their last sexual encounter. By drug class, 966 (23.0%) reported using sexual performance enhancement drugs, 353 (8.4%) - party drugs, and 142 (3.4%) the use of chemsex drugs. Respondents who reported drug use were more frequently diagnosed with HIV (10.5% vs. 3.9%) before and with other STIs during the 12 months prior to the study (16.7% vs. 9.2%). The use of all the analysed substances was significantly associated with sexual encounter with more than one partner. Substance and polydrug use during sexual encounters occurred amongst sampled MSM across Europe although varying greatly between study sites. Different local social norms within MSM communities may be important contextual drivers of drug use, highlighting the need for innovative and multi-faceted prevention measures to reduce HIV/STI risk in the context of drug use. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. KONTEKST JA VIITAMINE: ARGIVESTLUSED, LEGOD JA NARRATIIVID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renate Pajusalu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Käesolev artikkel käsitleb konteksti ja viitamisvahendeid, mis loovad konteksti. Käsitlus põhineb eelkõige kolmel eraldi läbiviidud uurimusel, milles kõigis oli põhitähelepanu algselt suunatud viitamisvahenditele. Vaatleme kontekstualiseerimisvõtteid spontaansetes argivestlustes ja kahes katselises olukorras: katses legoklotsidega, milles üks katsealune ehitab klotsidest maja teise katsealuse juhendamisel, ja pildiseeria põhjal jutustatud narratiivides. Artiklis võrreldakse, mis nendes kolmes kontekstis oli sarnast ja mis erinevat eelkõige vestlustegevuse alguses: tegevuse olemusest märku andmises ja referentide loomises. Kuna üks osa vaadeldavaid narratiive pärineb lastelt, puudutab artikkel mõnevõrra ka erinevate vanuseliste gruppide viitamisstrateegiaid.

  10. Muravskaja ja Nurk Katowices

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    2. Katowice biennaalil Poolas, mis toimub nime all „The European Constitution. What makes Europe?”, osalevad Eestist Tanja Muravskaja (fotoseeria "Positsioonid", video ja installatsioon "Monumendid") ja Kaarel Nurk (fotoseeria "Mehe aasta")

  11. Laatu- ja validointitoiminta elintarviketeollisuudessa

    OpenAIRE

    Vanhatalo, Heidi

    2017-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö laadittiin Zeus Tech Oy:n toimeksiannosta. Zeus Tech Oy tuottaa validointi-, mittaus-, testaus- ja laadunvarmistuspalveluja lääke- ja bioteollisuuden, sekä elintarviketeollisuuden alojen toimijoille. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää laatu- ja validointitoiminnan kehittämiskohteita elintarviketeollisuudessa. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuudessa käsitellään laatua, laadunvalvontaa ja -hallintaa, sekä validointia elintarviketeollisuudessa. Työn kokeellisessa osuudessa luotiin kyselytutkimus...

  12. Preparation of slowly released male sex hormone drug by radiation polymerization technique and its evaluation in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Rueizhi; Lei Shaoqiong; Li Ximing

    1992-01-01

    The radiation polymerization technique was used for immobilization testosterone propionate into crosslinked network of poly hydroxyethyl methacrylate to prepare slowly released male sex hormone drug which is used for testicular prosthesis. The testicular prosthesis was transplanted into the scrotum of male rabbit whose testes was excised 2 months before the transplantation. Then the level of male sex hormone in serum was measured by radioimmunoassay once a week after transplantation. The results of measurement in a period of 6 months were shown that the testicular prosthesis has a stable release of male sex hormone. The testosterone level in serum of the castrated male rabbits rises markedly and finally stabilizes at the level of 429 ± 36 ng/100 ml after transplantation. Macroscopic examination of biopsies taken from the tissues around the testicular prosthesis showed that tissue compatibility was revealed well

  13. Lapsed ja digikultuur / Katrin Kuusik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusik, Katrin

    2015-01-01

    Vestlusest TLÜ BFMi koolitusjuhi ja laste filmikooli juhendajaga tema poolt laste ja õpetajatega läbi viidud hariduslikest projektidest, mille eesmärgiks on tutvustada ja rakendada erinevaid filmi ja animatsiooni nippe koolitöös

  14. Workplace violence among female sex workers who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada: does client-targeted policing increase safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prangnell, Amy; Shannon, Kate; Nosova, Ekaterina; DeBeck, Kora; Milloy, M-J; Kerr, Thomas; Hayashi, Kanna

    2018-02-01

    Workplace violence, by clients or predators, poses serious negative health consequences for sex workers. In 2013, the Vancouver (British Columbia), Canada Police Department changed their guidelines with the goal of increasing safety for sex workers by focusing law enforcement on clients and third parties, but not sex workers. We sought to examine the trends and correlates of workplace violence among female sex workers (FSW) before and after the guideline change, using data collected from prospective cohorts of persons who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada. Among 259 FSW, 21.0% reported workplace violence at least once during the study period between 2008 and 2014. There was no statistically significant change in rates of workplace violence after the guideline change. In our multivariable analysis, daily heroin use was independently associated with workplace violence. The 2013 policing guideline change did not appear to have resulted in decreased reports of workplace violence. Increased access to opioid agonist therapies may reduce workplace violence among drug-using FSW.

  15. Quality assurance and quality improvement using supportive supervision in a large-scale STI intervention with sex workers, men who have sex with men/transgenders and injecting-drug users in India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mogasale, V.; Wi, T.C.; Das, A.; Kane, S.; Singh, A.K.; George, B.; Steen, R.

    2010-01-01

    Background Documentation of the long-term impact of supportive supervision using a monitoring tool in STI intervention with sex workers, men who have sex with men and injection-drug users is limited. The authors report methods and results of continued quality monitoring in a large-scale STI services

  16. Excipient-mediated alteration in drug bioavailability in the rat depends on the sex of the animal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, Yang; Afonso-Pereira, Francisco; Murdan, Sudaxshina; Basit, Abdul W

    2017-09-30

    The pharmaceutical excipient, polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400), unexpectedly alters the bioavailability of the BCS class III drug ranitidine in a sex-dependent manner. As ranitidine is a substrate for the efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp), we hypothesized that the sex-related influence could be due to interactions between PEG 400 and P-gp. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by: i) measuring the influence of PEG 400 on the oral bioavailability of another P-gp substrate (ampicillin) and of a non-P-gp substrate (metformin); and ii) measuring the effect of PEG 400 on drug bioavailability in the presence of a P-gp inhibitor (cyclosporine A) in male and female rats. We found that PEG 400 significantly increased (pbioavailability of ampicillin (the P-gp substrate) in male rats, but not in female ones. In contrast, PEG 400 had no influence on the bioavailability of the non-P-gp substrate, metformin in male or female rats. Inhibition of P-gp by oral pre-treatment with cyclosporine A increased the bioavailability of the P-gp substrates (ampicillin and ranitidine) in males and females (pbioavailability of metformin in either male or female rats. These results prove the hypothesis that the sex-specific effect of PEG 400 on the bioavailability of certain drugs is due to the interaction of PEG 400 with the efflux transporter P-gp. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. An artificially intelligent chat agent that answers adolescents' questions related to sex, drugs, and alcohol: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crutzen, Rik; Peters, Gjalt-Jorn Y; Portugal, Sarah Dias; Fisser, Erwin M; Grolleman, Jorne J

    2011-05-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate if and how an artificially intelligent chat agent (chatbot) that answers questions about sex, drugs, and alcohol is used and evaluated by adolescents, especially in comparison with information lines and search engines. A sample of 929 adolescents (64% girls, mean age = 15), varying in urbanization level and educational level, participated in this study. Use of the chatbot was objectively tracked through server registrations (e.g., frequency and duration of conversations with the chatbot, the number and topics of queries), and a web-based questionnaire was used to evaluate the chatbot (e.g., the perception of anonymity, conciseness, ease of use, fun, quality and quantity of information, and speed) and to compare it with information lines and search engines. The chatbot reached high school attendees in general and not only adolescents with previous experience related to sex, drugs, or alcohol; this is promising from an informed decision-making point of view. Frequency (M = 11) and duration of conversations (3:57 minutes) was high and the chatbot was evaluated positively, especially in comparison with information lines and search engines. The use of chatbots within the field of health promotion has a large potential to reach a varied group of adolescents and to provide them with answers to their questions related to sex, drugs, and alcohol. Copyright © 2011 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Differences in Gay Male Couples' Use of Drugs and Alcohol With Sex by Relationship HIV Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Jason W

    2016-07-01

    Prior studies with men who have sex with men have documented a strong association between substance use with sex and risk for acquisition of HIV. However, few studies have been conducted about gay male couples' use of substances with sex, despite the fact that between one third and two thirds of men who have sex with men acquire HIV from their relationship partners. The present study sought to (1) describe whether one or both partners in the male couple uses substances with sex-by substance type-within and/or outside of their relationship, and (2) assess whether differences exist in those who use substances with sex within and outside the relationship by the couples' HIV status. Dyadic data for this analysis were collected in the United States from a nation-wide cross-sectional Internet study about male couples' relationships and behaviors. Couple-level descriptive and comparative analyses were employed with 361 male couples. Except for alcohol, most couples did not use substances with sex. Of those who did, rates of who used it with sex and substance type within the relationship varied; most couples only had one partner who used substances with sex outside the relationship. Significantly higher proportions of concordantly HIV-negative and HIV-positive couples had both partners who used substances (all types) with sex within their relationship over discordant couples. Most couples had one partner who used outside the relationship; only marijuana and erectile dysfunction medication use with sex significantly differed by couples' HIV status. Findings indicate the need to conduct additional research for prevention development. © The Author(s) 2014.

  19. Drug resistant HIV: Behaviors and characteristics among Los Angeles men who have sex with men with new HIV diagnosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamina M Gorbach

    Full Text Available Epidemiology of drug resistant HIV has focused on trends and less attention has been given to identification of factors, especially behaviors including substance use, in acquisition of drug-resistant HIV. From 2009 to 2012 The Metromates Study enrolled and followed for one year men who have sex with men (MSM seeking testing for HIV in a community clinic in Los Angeles assessing those testing positive for acute and recent HIV infection. Behavioral data were collected via Computer-Assisted Self-Interview from 125 classified as newly HIV infected and 91 as chronically infected (newly HIV-diagnosed; specimens were available and viable for resistance testing for 154 of the 216 HIV positives with new diagnoses. In this community clinic we found prevalence of resistance among MSM with new HIV-diagnosis was 19.5% (n = 30/154 with no difference by recency of HIV infection. Sexual partnership characteristics were associated with resistance; those who reported transgendered sex partners had a higher prevalence of resistance as compared to those who did not report transgendered sex partners (40% vs. 17%; p value = 0.04, while those who reported having a main partner had a lower prevalence of drug resistance (12% vs. 24%; p value = 0.07. In multivariable analyses adjusting for HIV recency and antiviral use, reporting a main partner decreased odds [adjusted odds ratio (AOR 0.34; 95% confidence interval (CI 0.13-0.87], reporting a transgendered partnered increased odds (AOR = 3.37; 95% CI 0.95-12.43; and being African American increased odds of drug resistance (AOR = 5.63, 95%CI 1.41-22.38. This suggests African American MSM and TG individuals in Los Angeles represent pockets of exceptional risk that will require special approaches to prevention and care to enhance their own health and reduce their likelihood to support transmission of drug resistance in the US.

  20. Neural correlates of stress-induced and cue-induced drug craving: influences of sex and cocaine dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potenza, Marc N; Hong, Kwang-ik Adam; Lacadie, Cheryl M; Fulbright, Robert K; Tuit, Keri L; Sinha, Rajita

    2012-04-01

    Although stress and drug cue exposure each increase drug craving and contribute to relapse in cocaine dependence, no previous research has directly examined the neural correlates of stress-induced and drug cue-induced craving in cocaine-dependent women and men relative to comparison subjects. Functional MRI was used to assess responses to individualized scripts for stress, drug/alcohol cue and neutral-relaxing-imagery conditions in 30 abstinent cocaine-dependent individuals (16 women, 14 men) and 36 healthy recreational-drinking comparison subjects (18 women, 18 men). Significant three-way interactions between diagnostic group, sex, and script condition were observed in multiple brain regions including the striatum, insula, and anterior and posterior cingulate. Within women, group-by-condition interactions were observed involving these regions and were attributable to relatively increased regional activations in cocaine-dependent women during the stress and, to a lesser extent, neutral-relaxing conditions. Within men, group main effects were observed involving these same regions, with cocaine-dependent men demonstrating relatively increased activation across conditions, with the main contributions from the drug and neutral-relaxing conditions. In men and women, subjective drug-induced craving measures correlated positively with corticostriatal-limbic activations. In cocaine dependence, corticostriatal-limbic hyperactivity appears to be linked to stress cues in women, drug cues in men, and neutral-relaxing conditions in both. These findings suggest that sex should be taken into account in the selection of therapies in the treatment of addiction, particularly those targeting stress reduction.

  1. Sex Under the Influence of Drugs or Alcohol: Common for Men in Substance Abuse Treatment and Associated with High Risk Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calsyn, Donald A.; Cousins, Sarah J.; Hatch-Maillette, Mary A.; Forcehimes, Alyssa; Mandler, Raul; Doyle, Suzanne R.; Woody, George

    2010-01-01

    Sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol is associated with high risk sexual behavior. Heterosexual men (n=505) in substance abuse treatment completed a computer administered interview assessing sexual risk behaviors. Most men (73.3%) endorsed sex under the influence in the prior 90 days, and 39.1% endorsed sex under the influence during their most recent sexual event. Sex under the influence at the most recent event was more likely to involve anal intercourse, sex with a casual partner, and less condom use. Patients might benefit from interventions targeting sexual behavior and substance use as mutual triggers. PMID:20163383

  2. Exchange Sex Among Persons Who Inject Drugs in the New York Metropolitan Area: The Importance of Local Context, Gender and Sexual Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Suzan M; Rivera, Alexis V; Reilly, Kathleen H; Anderson, Bridget J; Bolden, Barbara; Wogayehu, Afework; Neaigus, Alan; Braunstein, Sarah

    2018-02-21

    Exchanging sex for money or drugs is known to increase risk for HIV among persons who inject drugs (PWID). To better understand determinants of exchange sex among PWID we examined factors associated with exchange sex in the New York metropolitan area-defined as New York City (NYC), NY; Newark, NJ; and Long Island, NY-using data from the 2012 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system cycle on injection drug use. Of the 1160 PWID in this analysis, 24% reported exchange sex, with differences in gender and sexual identity by location. In multivariable analysis gay/bisexual men, heterosexual women, and lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) women were more likely to exchange sex compared to heterosexual men. Exchange sex was also associated with race/ethnicity, homelessness, incarceration, location, and non-injection crack and cocaine use. We find that heterosexual women and LGB women who injected drugs residing in Newark were more likely to report exchange sex compared to NYC. This study highlights how local conditions impact exchange sex.

  3. New types of drug use and risks of drug use among men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional study in Hangzhou, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Lin; Pan, Xiaohong; Wang, Ning; Yang, Jiezhe; Jiang, Jun; Luo, Yan; Zhang, Xingliang; Li, Xiting

    2018-04-17

    The use of new types of drugs has become more common among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of the use of new types of drugs, such as methamphetamine, ketamine, ecstasy, and rush poppers, and to examine the factors associated with drug use and HIV infection among MSM in Hangzhou, China. This cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2015 and April 2016. We used snowball sampling to recruit MSM; participants were recruited from voluntary counseling and testing centers, baths, bars, Blued (an app for the gay community), QQ groups, clubs, and other types of venues. MSM were included if their previous HIV test results were negative or unknown, or they had not been tested for HIV. MSM were excluded if they were known to be HIV positive before the survey. Face-to-face questionnaires were conducted and a venous blood specimen was drawn from each participant following the interview. In total, 555 MSM were included; 18.2% (101/555) of the participants had used new types of drugs in the past 3 months. Among the users, 65.3% used single-use rush poppers, while the remainder used ketamine, methamphetamine, ecstasy, or other mixed combinations of drugs. The HIV positivity rate was 14.8% (82/555). Factors associated with increased odds of using new types of drugs in the past 3 months were higher education levels (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 4.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.12-9.37), having multiple sexual partners (AOR 1.76, 95 CI 1.02-3.05), alcohol use before sexual intercourse (AOR 33.44, 95% CI 10.80-103.50), and seeing friends using new types of drugs. We revealed the widespread use of new types of drugs, as well as a high diagnosis rate of new HIV infection, among MSM in Hangzhou. The use of new types of drugs was associated with an increased number of sexual partners among MSM; the high-risk sexual behaviors increased the risk of HIV infection. Attention should be given to the use of new types of drugs in MSM

  4. Nasta- ja kitkarenkaiden vertailu

    OpenAIRE

    Sairanen, Henri

    2011-01-01

    Suomen talvi-ilmasto asettaa erityisvaatimuksia henkilöautojen renkaille. Jäisillä teillä ajamiseen vaaditaan renkaalta erityisominaisuuksia, jotta sujuva ja turvallinen liikenne on mahdollista. Autoilijat käyvät jatkuvasti keskustelua siitä, kumpi rengas on parempi talviajoon, nastarengas vai kitkarengas. Työni tarkoitus oli koota yhteen eri tutkimuksissa ilmi tullutta tietoa nasta- ja kitkarenkaista ja vertailla renkaiden hyviä ja huonoja puolia. Tämä työ on toteutettu itsenäisesti per...

  5. Gaas arvudes ja protsentides

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Diagrammid: Primaarenergia tarbimise struktuur Eestis; Maagaasi tarbimine Eestis 1996-2006; Maagaasi tarbimine kliendigruppide lõikes 2004-2006; Vedelgaasi tarbimine Eestis 1996-2006; Vedelgaasi tarbimise struktuur 2004-2006; Primaarenergia tarbimine 2005 regiooniti; Primaarenergia tarbimine maailmas 1980-2005; Maagaasi tõendatud varud maailmas 2005 aasta lõpuks; Maagaasi varude jaotumine regiooniti aastatel 85, 95 ja 2005; Maagaasi tootmine ja tarbimine regiooniti; Maagaasi varude suhe tootmismahtudesse; Maagaasi tootmine ja tarbimine riigiti 2005; Vedelgaasi nõudlus ja tootmine regiooniti. Kaardid. Graafikud

  6. [Vene impeerium ja Baltikum. Venestus, rahvuslus ja moderniseerimine 19. sajandi teisel poolel ja 20. sajandi alguses] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Vene impeerium ja Baltikum : venestus, rahvuslus ja moderniseerimine 19. sajandi teisel poolel ja 20. sajandi alguses. II / koostanud Tõnu Tannberg ja Bradley Woodworth. Tartu : Eesti Ajalooarhiiv, 2010

  7. Findings from within-subjects comparisons of drug use and sexual risk behaviour in men who have sex with men in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melendez-Torres, G J; Hickson, Ford; Reid, David; Weatherburn, Peter; Bonell, Chris

    2017-03-01

    Epidemiological evidence for the encounter-level association between sexualised drug use and unprotected anal intercourse in men who have sex with men is unclear and has not examined men who have sex with men in England. To estimate this association, we compared dyadic sexual encounters within respondents. We used encounter-level data from a longitudinal online survey of men who have sex with men living in England and multilevel models to test univariate and multivariate associations between any respondent or partner drug use, specific respondent drug use, additional situational characteristics and unprotected anal intercourse. Based on 6742 encounters from 2142 men who have sex with men, respondent drug use and respondent use of certain specific drugs were associated with increased unprotected anal intercourse odds. In univariate models, partner drug use was associated with increased unprotected anal intercourse odds, but in multivariate models, only non-specific knowledge of partner drug use was associated with the same. Encounters with non-regular-and-steady partners or that were not HIV-seroconcordant were associated with decreased unprotected anal intercourse odds. This is the first within-subjects comparison of drug use and unprotected anal intercourse conducted on a sample from England, and the largest of its kind. Findings are consistent with other studies, though associations between drug use and unprotected anal intercourse are shaped by social contexts that may change over time.

  8. Tyylivinkkejä ja puuterihuiskuja : Kiinnostavan ja piilomainoksettoman muoti- ja kauneusjutun toimittaminen kaupunkilehteen

    OpenAIRE

    Kuusisto, Tiina

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössäni tutkin muoti- ja kauneusjuttujen ammattimaista toimittamista ja sitä, kuinka jutuista saadaan kiinnostavia ja piilomainoksettomia. Päätutkimuskysy-mykseni on: Kuinka muoti- ja kauneusaiheinen juttu toimitetaan ammattimaisesti? Tarkentavia tutkimuskysymyksiä on kolme. Kuinka tuotekeskeisestä aiheesta kirjoi-tetaan ilman mainostamista? Mikä tekee muoti- ja kauneusjutusta kiinnostavan? Kuinka kaupunkilehti Forum24:n Muoti ja Kauneus -liitteessä toteutuvat kiinnosta-vuus ja amma...

  9. Sexual behavior among high school students in Brazil: alcohol consumption and legal and illegal drug use associated with unprotected sex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zila M. Sanchez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Alcohol and other drug use appears to reduce decision-making ability and increase the risk of unsafe sex, leading to possible unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases/human immunodeficiency virus/HIV transmission, and multiple sexual partners. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that risky sexual behaviors among adolescents are associated with legal and illegal drug use. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey of 17,371 high-school students was conducted in 2010. Students were selected from 789 public and private schools in each of the 27 Brazilian state capitals by a multistage probabilistic sampling method and answered a self-report questionnaire. Weighted data were analyzed through basic contingency tables and logistic regressions testing for differences in condom use among adolescents who were sexually active during the past month. RESULTS: Approximately one third of the high school students had engaged in sexual intercourse in the month prior to the survey, and nearly half of these respondents had not used a condom. While overall sexual intercourse was more prevalent among boys, unsafe sexual intercourse was more prevalent among girls. Furthermore, a lower socioeconomic status was directly associated with non-condom use, while binge drinking and illegal drug use were independently associated with unsafe sexual intercourse. CONCLUSION: Adolescent alcohol and drug use were associated with unsafe sexual practices. School prevention programs must include drug use and sexuality topics simultaneously because both risk-taking behaviors occur simultaneously.

  10. Sexual behavior among high school students in Brazil: alcohol consumption and legal and illegal drug use associated with unprotected sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Zila M; Nappo, Solange A; Cruz, Joselaine I; Carlini, Elisaldo A; Carlini, Claudia M; Martins, Silvia S

    2013-04-01

    Alcohol and other drug use appears to reduce decision-making ability and increase the risk of unsafe sex, leading to possible unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases/human immunodeficiency virus/HIV transmission, and multiple sexual partners. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that risky sexual behaviors among adolescents are associated with legal and illegal drug use. A national cross-sectional survey of 17,371 high-school students was conducted in 2010. Students were selected from 789 public and private schools in each of the 27 Brazilian state capitals by a multistage probabilistic sampling method and answered a self-report questionnaire. Weighted data were analyzed through basic contingency tables and logistic regressions testing for differences in condom use among adolescents who were sexually active during the past month. Approximately one third of the high school students had engaged in sexual intercourse in the month prior to the survey, and nearly half of these respondents had not used a condom. While overall sexual intercourse was more prevalent among boys, unsafe sexual intercourse was more prevalent among girls. Furthermore, a lower socioeconomic status was directly associated with non-condom use, while binge drinking and illegal drug use were independently associated with unsafe sexual intercourse. Adolescent alcohol and drug use were associated with unsafe sexual practices. School prevention programs must include drug use and sexuality topics simultaneously because both risk-taking behaviors occur simultaneously.

  11. Prevalence and Correlates of ‘Agua Celeste’ Use among Female Sex Workers who Inject Drugs in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Meghan D.; Case, Patricia; Robertson, Angela M.; Lozada, Remedios; Vera, Alicia; Clapp, John D.; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

    2011-01-01

    Background Agua celeste, or “heavenly water,” is the street name for a sky-blue colored solvent reportedly inhaled or ingested to produce an intoxicating effect. Study aims were to (1) describe prevalence of Agua Celestse (AC) use, and (2) identify correlates of lifetime and recent use of AC use among female sex workers who also inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in northern Mexico. Methods Between 2008 and 2010, baseline data from FSW-IDUs ≥ 18 years old living in Tijuana or Ciudad Juarez participating in a longitudinal behavioral intervention were analyzed using logistic regression. Results Among 623 FSW-IDUs (307 from Tijuana and 316 from Ciudad Juarez (CJ)), 166 (26%) reported ever using AC, all of whom lived in CJ. Among the CJ sample, lifetime prevalence of AC use was 53%, median age of first use was 16 years (IQR: 14–23), and 10% reported it as their first abused substance. Ever using AC was independently associated with ever being physically abused and younger age, and was marginally associated with initiating injection drug use and regular sex work at age eighteen or younger. Among those ever using AC, 70/166 (42.2%) reported using it within the last 6 months, which was independently associated with using drugs with clients before or during sex, being on the street more than 8 hours per day, and younger age. Discussion We observed considerable geographic variation in the use of AC in northern Mexico. Future studies exploring factors influencing use, its precise formulation(s), and its potential health effects are needed to guide prevention and treatment. PMID:21441001

  12. Prevalence and correlates of 'agua celeste' use among female sex workers who inject drugs in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Meghan D; Case, Patricia; Robertson, Angela M; Lozada, Remedios; Vera, Alicia; Clapp, John D; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2011-09-01

    Agua celeste, or "heavenly water", is the street name for a sky-blue colored solvent reportedly inhaled or ingested to produce an intoxicating effect. Study aims were to (1) describe prevalence of agua celestse (AC) use, and (2) identify correlates of lifetime and recent use of AC use among female sex workers who also inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in northern Mexico. Between 2008 and 2010, baseline data from FSW-IDUs≥18 years old living in Tijuana or Ciudad Juarez participating in a longitudinal behavioral intervention were analyzed using logistic regression. Among 623 FSW-IDUs (307 from Tijuana and 316 from Ciudad Juarez (CJ)), 166 (26%) reported ever using AC, all of whom lived in CJ. Among the CJ sample, lifetime prevalence of AC use was 53%, median age of first use was 16 years (IQR: 14-23), and 10% reported it as their first abused substance. Ever using AC was independently associated with ever being physically abused and younger age, and was marginally associated with initiating injection drug use and regular sex work at age eighteen or younger. Among those ever using AC, 70/166 (42.2%) reported using it within the last 6 months, which was independently associated with using drugs with clients before or during sex, being on the street more than 8h per day, and younger age. We observed considerable geographic variation in the use of AC in northern Mexico. Future studies exploring factors influencing use, its precise formulation(s), and its potential health effects are needed to guide prevention and treatment. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Videvikuvaevused ja kehakaemused / Kairi Prints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prints, Kairi, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Nüüdistanstulavastusest "Penombre" ("Videvik"), lavastaja stsenarist, koreograaf ja esitaja Rosalba Torres Guerrero, video autor, stsenarist ja esitaja Lucas Racasse. Etendused 2. ja 3. augustil NO99 Põhuteatris. Tallinna Ülikooli kaasaegse tantsu dotsent ja tantsuteatri Fine5 koreograaf Tiina Ollesk selgitab Rosalba Torres Guerrero liikumise tausta ja tähendust

  14. Animaalselt ja humaanselt / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  15. Lakkaasi ja tyrosinaasi ja niiden aktiivisuus valkolahosienissä

    OpenAIRE

    Kajasniemi, Petri

    2016-01-01

    Tutkielman kirjallinen osuus käsitteli Agaricus-suvun sieniä, sekä tyrosinaasin ja lakkaasin toimintaa ja rakennetta ja niiden jo olemassa olevia että mahdollisia sovelluksia. Kokeellisessa osassa pyrittiin selvittämään lakkaasin ja tyrosinaasin aktiivisuutta puuta ja kariketta lahottavien kantasienten kasvatuksissa ja vertaamaan erilaisia tyrosinaasiaktiivisuuden mittausmenetelmiä. Kokeellisessa osuudessa oli kaksi 28 vuorokautta kestänyttä kasvatusta. Toisessa alustana oli 2% mallasliemi...

  16. Nuorten tietokone- ja konsolipelaaminen ja vanhempien rooli : WHO-Koululaistutkimus

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Laura

    2017-01-01

    TIIVISTELMÄ Nuorten tietokone- ja konsolipelaaminen ja vanhempien rooli, WHO-Koululaistutkimus Laura Miettinen Terveyskasvatuksen Pro gradu -tutkielma Jyväskylän yliopisto, Liikuntatieteellinen tiedekunta 2017 75 sivua, 22 liitettä Ohjaaja TtT Raili Välimaa Pro gradu -tutkielmassa tarkasteltiin koulupäivisin ja viikonloppuisin pelaamiseen käytetyn ajan vaihtelua sukupuolen, luokkatason, koetun äidin ja isän valvonnan, koetun äidin ja isän kiintymyssuhteen ja perheeseen ...

  17. Felt Stigma in Injection Drug Users and Sex Workers: Focus Group Research with HIV-Risk Populations in Puerto Rico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Julio; Puig, Marieva; Sala, Ana Cecilia; Ramos, Juan Carlos; Castro, Eida; Morales, Marangelie; Santiago, Lydia; Zorrilla, Carmen

    Though many studies have conclusively linked felt stigma and HIV, few have focused on the experiences of rejection felt by members of such socially marginalized groups as intravenous drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW). Using focus groups, our study explored these experiences in 34 individuals (17 male UDUs and 17 female SWs) at risk of becoming infected with HIV, the objective being to discover why they engaged in maladaptive behaviors as a way of coping with felt stigma. We used deductive and inductive analysis to codify the resulting data. Concepts associated with the word stigma, emotional reactions to felt stigma, and the impact of felt stigma on self-schema helped elucidate how the internalization of felt stigma can lead to negative affective states and self-destructive behaviors (e.g., drug use and syringe exchange). Results underline the importance of developing intervention models that reduce stigma as a means of HIV prevention in vulnerable populations.

  18. Recreational Drug Use During Sex and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Clients of a City Sexually Transmitted Infections Clinic in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heiligenberg, Marlies; Wermeling, Paulien R.; van Rooijen, Martijn S.; Urbanus, Anouk T.; Speksnijder, Arjen G. C. L.; Heijman, Titia; Prins, Maria; Coutinho, Roel A.; Schim van der Loeff, Maarten F.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Recreational drug use is associated with high-risk sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed the prevalence of drug use during sex and the associations between such use and STI (chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis). Methods: During 3 periods in 2008 and 2009,

  19. Immuunsus ja sanatoorium

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Katrin Murbachi (Šveits) & Riikka Tauriaineni (Soome) näitus "Sanatoorium" Tallinna Linnagaleriis 2. augustini. Rühmituse Noolegrupp liikmete Triinu Jürvese ja Villem Jahu videoinstallatsioon "Immunity Summary and the Outside World" ("Immuunsuse kokkuvõte ja sealpoolne maailm") Kultuurikatlas 24. juulil

  20. Changes in Attitudes towards Drug Educators as a Function of Communicator Sex and Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotten-Huston, Annie L.; Baum, Carlene Stober

    1980-01-01

    Significant interactions between role and sex of communicator indicated that male ex-addicts produced more positive changes in evaluation than female ex-addicts, while female specialists produced more positive changes in evaluation than male specialists. Female specialists produced more positive changes in ratings of potency than male specialists.…

  1. Short Report: HIV Infection among Commercial Sex Workers and Injecting Drug Users in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brůčková, M.; Bautista, C.T.; Graham, R.R.; Malý, Marek; Vandasová, J.; Presl, J.; Sumegh, L.; Chapman, G.D.; Carr, J.K.; Sanchez, J.L.; Earhart, K.C.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 75, č. 5 (2006), s. 1017-1020 ISSN 0002-9637 Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : HIV infection * commercial sex workers Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research Impact factor: 2.546, year: 2006

  2. Zygmunt Bauman ja Rein Raud vestlesid kultuurist ja poliitikast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    TLÜ Kultuuriteaduste ja kunstide doktorikooli kutsel Tallinnas viibinud sotsioloogi, Leedsi ülikooli emeriitprofessori Zygmunt Baumani ja TLÜ juhtivteadur Rein Raua vahel Kirjanike Liidu saalis toimunud avalikust vestlusest

  3. Eettinen ja arvojohtaminen johtamisessa

    OpenAIRE

    Hallamaa, Taru

    2010-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena oli eettinen ja arvojohtaminen organisaatiossa. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää, mitä on eettinen johtaminen ja arvojohtaminen, ja miten ne liittyvät aikaisempiin johtamiskäsityksiin ja -menetelmiin. Lisäksi tarkoituksena oli saada selville, miten eettistä ja arvojohtamista voidaan käyttää arkipäivän johtamisessa hyväksi, sekä miten nämä voidaan ottaa käyttöön yksittäisessä organisaatiossa. Tarkastelussa kiinnitettiin huomiota myös siihen, mikä merkitys näillä johtamis...

  4. Gidon Kremer ja Kremerata Baltica

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    G. Kremer ja Kremerata Baltica esitamas Tshaikovski, shostakovitshi ja Desjatnikovi loomingut pühapäeval, 16. detsembril kl.19 Vanemuise Kontserdimajas ja esmaspäeval, 17. detsembril kl.19 Estonia kontserdisaalis

  5. Identiteet ja migratsioon / Francis Fukuyama

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fukuyama, Francis

    2007-01-01

    Autor peab islamiäärmuslust immigrantide identiteedikriisi ilminguks ning arutleb identiteedipoliitika olemuse ja tuleviku üle Euroopa ja Ameerika postmodernses multikultuurilises ühiskonnas. Vt. samas: Jeffrey Goldstein: Euroopa ja USA - konkurendid või partnerid

  6. Karvased ja sulelised / Tambet Kaugema

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaugema, Tambet

    2002-01-01

    Kaks esimest osa ETV poliitilise pila nukushõust "Pehmed ja karvased" : stsenaristid Toomas Kall ja Andrus Kivirähk : idee autor, režissöör ja kunstnik Hardi Volmer : produtsent, idee autor Raivo Suviste

  7. Changes in HIV Seroprevalence and Related Behaviors Among Male Injection Drug Users Who Do and Do Not Have Sex With Men: New York City, 1990–1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, Carey B.; Friedman, Samuel R.; Perlis, Theresa E.; Rockwell, Russell; Des Jarlais, Don C.

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. This study examined HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among male injection drug users (IDUs) who have sex with men and among other male IDUs. Methods. Male IDUs were interviewed and tested for HIV at a detoxification clinic during 1990 to 1994 and 1995 to 1999. Analyses compared male IDUs who do and do not have sex with men within and between periods. Results. Initially, HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors were higher among IDUs who have sex with men. Seroprevalence (initially 60.5% vs 48.3%) declined approximately 15% in both groups, remaining higher among those who have sex with men. Generally, injection prevalence, but not sexual risk behaviors, declined. Conclusions. Male IDUs who have sex with men are more likely to engage in higher-risk behaviors and to be HIV infected. Improved intervention approaches for male IDUs who have sex with men are needed. (Am J Public Health. 2002;92:382–384) PMID:11867315

  8. HIV-1 viraemia and drug resistance amongst female sex workers in Soweto, South Africa: A cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coetzee, Jenny; Hunt, Gillian; Jaffer, Maya; Otwombe, Kennedy; Scott, Lesley; Bongwe, Asiashu; Ledwaba, Johanna; Molema, Sephonono; Jewkes, Rachel; Gray, Glenda E

    2017-01-01

    HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) poses a threat to future antiretroviral therapy success. Monitoring HIVDR patterns is of particular importance in populations such as sex workers (SWs), where documented HIV prevalence is between 34-89%, and in countries with limited therapeutic options. Currently in South Africa, there is a dearth in evidence and no ongoing surveillance of HIVDR amongst sex work populations. This study aims to describe the prevalence of HIVDR amongst a sample of female sex workers (FSWs) from Soweto, South Africa. A cross-sectional, respondent driven sampling (RDS) recruitment methodology was used to enrol FSWs based in Soweto. Participants were tested for HIV and undertook a survey that included HIV knowledge and treatment status. Whole blood specimens were collected from HIV positive FSWs to measure for CD4 counts, viral load (VL) and perform HIVDR genotyping. Frequencies were determined for categorical variables and medians and interquartile ranges (IQR) for the continuous. Of the 508 enrolled participants, 55% (n = 280) were HIV positive and of median age 32 (IQR: 20-51) years. Among the HIV positive, 51.8% (132/269) were defined as virologically suppressed (VL HIV positive FSWs had unsuppressed viral loads, increasing the likelihood for onward transmission of HIV. Disturbingly, more than 1:4 treatment naïve women with unsuppressed viral loads had HIVDR suggesting that possible sexual transmission of drug resistance is occurring in this high-risk population. Given the high burden of HIVDR in a population with a high background prevalence of HIV, it is imperative that routine monitoring of HIVDR be implemented. Understanding transmission dynamics of HIVDR in FSW and its impact on treatment success should be urgently elucidated.

  9. Sex differences, learning flexibility, and striatal dopamine D1 and D2 following adolescent drug exposure in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izquierdo, Alicia; Pozos, Hilda; De La Torre, Adrianna; DeShields, Simone; Cevallos, James; Rodriguez, Jonathan; Stolyarova, Alexandra

    2016-01-01

    Corticostriatal circuitry supports flexible reward learning and emotional behavior from the critical neurodevelopmental stage of adolescence through adulthood. It is still poorly understood how prescription drug exposure in adolescence may impact these outcomes in the long-term. We studied adolescent methylphenidate (MPH) and fluoxetine (FLX) exposure in rats and their impact on learning and emotion in adulthood. In Experiment 1, male and female rats were administered MPH, FLX, or saline (SAL), and compared with methamphetamine (mAMPH) treatment beginning in postnatal day (PND) 37. The rats were then tested on discrimination and reversal learning in adulthood. In Experiment 2, animals were administered MPH or SAL also beginning in PND 37 and later tested in adulthood for anxiety levels. In Experiment 3, we analyzed striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptor expression in adulthood following either extensive learning (after Experiment 1) or more brief emotional measures (after Experiment 2). We found sex differences in discrimination learning and attenuated reversal learning after MPH and only sex differences in adulthood anxiety. In learners, there was enhanced striatal D1, but not D2, after either adolescent MPH or mAMPH. Lastly, also in learners, there was a sex x treatment group interaction for D2, but not D1, driven by the MPH-pretreated females, who expressed significantly higher D2 levels compared to SAL. These results show enduring effects of adolescent MPH on reversal learning in rats. Developmental psychostimulant exposure may interact with learning to enhance D1 expression in adulthood, and affect D2 expression in a sex-dependent manner. PMID:27091300

  10. Sex differences in prevalence and comorbidity of alcohol and drug use disorders: results from wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Risë B; Dawson, Deborah A; Chou, S Patricia; Grant, Bridget F

    2012-11-01

    The present study examined sex differences in lifetime Axis I and II psychiatric comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and drug use disorders (DUDs) among general population U.S. adults. Using data from Waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, Wave 2 lifetime prevalences of each disorder comorbid with alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, drug abuse, and drug dependence were compared between men and women. Sex-specific associations of alcohol, any drug, and cannabis- and cocaine-specific abuse and dependence with each comorbid disorder were examined using logistic regression, first with adjustment for sociodemographic variables and then with additional adjustment for all other psychiatric disorders. Prevalences of most comorbid disorders differed significantly by sex among respondents with each AUD and DUD. However, after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and additional co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses, there were few sex differences in unique comorbid associations of specific AUDs and DUDs with specific psychiatric disorders. Rates of psychiatric disorders comorbid with AUDs and DUDs indicate large burdens of morbidity in both sexes, highlighting the need for careful assessment and appropriate treatment of both substance use and mental health disorders. The unique comorbid associations with AUDs and DUDs identified in this study further indicate the need for prospective etiological research to characterize these associations, their underlying mechanisms, and the possible sex specificity of those mechanisms.

  11. Tapahtumia ja kohtaamisia Otavamediassa

    OpenAIRE

    Hönö, Päivi

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli Otavamedian tapahtumamarkkinoinnin kehittäminen vastaamaan tämän päivän haasteisiin. Tutkimuskysymyksenä oli, mikä on brändin rooli tapahtumamarkkinoinnissa, kun huomioidaan alaan vaikuttavat trendit ja muuttunut kilpailuympäristö. Opinnäytetyö liittyi Otavamedian myynti- ja markkinointiorganisaatioon. Koska kysymys on kyseisten tahojen yhteistyöstä, etsittiin opinnäytetyössä vastauksia seuraaviin kysymyksiin: mikä on tapahtumamarkkinoinnin rooli myynti- ja markk...

  12. The Teacher and Sex Role Stereotyping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juhasz, Anne McCreary

    1974-01-01

    In this article, selected research findings are presented on sex role learning, sex role stereotyping, in general and in the school setting, the effect of such stereotyping on the student, and some suggestions for the teacher. (Author/JA)

  13. Drug assertiveness and sexual risk-taking behavior in a sample of HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semple, Shirley J; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Zians, Jim; McQuaid, John R; Patterson, Thomas L

    2011-10-01

    Drug assertiveness skills have been demonstrated to be effective in reducing substance use behaviors among patients with alcohol or heroin use disorders. This study examined the association between drug assertiveness and methamphetamine use, psychological factors, and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of 250 HIV-positive men who have sex with men enrolled in a safer sex intervention in San Diego, CA. Less assertiveness in turning down drugs was associated with greater frequency and larger amounts of methamphetamine use, lower self-esteem, higher scores on a measure of sexual sensation seeking, and greater attendance at risky sexual venues. These data suggest that drug assertiveness training should be incorporated into drug abuse treatment programs and other risk reduction interventions for methamphetamine users. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Alcohol, Drugs, and Sex: Are Kids as Bad as We Think They Are?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frymier, Jack

    This paper discusses the results of a Phi Delta Kappa study (1996) of core values in the schools, focusing on student and teacher perceptions of alcohol and drug use and sexual behavior among high school students. The study involved 2,125 teachers and 2,429 students. About three-fourths of the students were white, Catholic, middle-class, and…

  15. Sijoitusvakuutusten ja kapitalisaatiosopimusten verokohtelu

    OpenAIRE

    Syväpuro, Olli

    2015-01-01

    Markkinoilla on nykyisin useita erilaisia kotimaisia ja ulkomaisia sijoitussidonnaisia henkivakuutuksia ja kapitalisaatiosopimuksia, joita usein markkinoidaan verosuunnitteluinstrumentteina sijoittajien varallisuudelle. Näiden instrumenttien ns. vakuutuskehyksen sisällä sijoittaja voi vaihtaa sijoituskohteita ilman että vakuutuksen sisällä hallinnoitavien instrumenttien tuloverotus realisoituu. Tuloveroa maksetaan pääsääntöisesti vasta kun nostetaan tuotto-osuutta vakuutuksesta. Kyseiste...

  16. Sukupuoli ja vastaelokuva

    OpenAIRE

    Jakobsson, Erkki

    2013-01-01

    Kirjallinen opinnäytetyöni keskittyy analysoimaan feminististä maskuliinisuuden dekonstruktiota Catherine Breillatin new french extrimism-genren elokuvassa ”Anatomie de l'enfer” (2004). Tutkin myös elokuvan sisältöä. Opinnäytetyöni vertailee sukupuoli-identiteettejä historiallisessa traditionaalisessa mallissa ja modernissa eksistentiaalisessa mallissa. Yritän selittää miten ja miksi ne ovat muuttuneet. Tutkin muutamia esimerkkejä eksistentialistisista vaihtoehdoista verrattuna traditiona...

  17. Eestlane ja sakslane Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Siim-Tanel Annuse ja Abraham David Christiani ühisnäitus 18. dets.-st Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Dorothee Bauerle-Willert. A. D. Christianilt on näitusel skulptuurid, Mississippi joonistuste seeria, S.-T. Annuselt maalid. Näituse avamisele järgnenud Krista Kodrese juhendatud diskussioonil "Siin ئ piirideta, läbisegi ja piirideta või hoopis maailmakunst provintsist" osalejad

  18. A gap in science's and the media images of people who use drugs and sex workers: research on organizations of the oppressed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dziuban, Agata; Friedman, Samuel R

    2015-03-01

    This paper discusses organizations of the oppressed, such as drug user and sex worker groups, and the images of themselves that they construct. We suggest that analysis of these organizationally-produced collective self-images -frequently overlooked in scholarly research -is crucial to understanding the complex internal dynamics of users' and sex workers' organizations and struggles they engage in when defining their collective (organizational) identities and course of action.

  19. Epidemiology of HIV among female sex workers, their clients, men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs in West and Central Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papworth, Erin; Ceesay, Nuha; An, Louis; Thiam-Niangoin, Marguerite; Ky-Zerbo, Odette; Holland, Claire; Dramé, Fatou Maria; Grosso, Ashley; Diouf, Daouda; Baral, Stefan D

    2013-01-01

    Introduction The West and Central Africa (WCA) sub-region is the most populous region of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with an estimated population of 356 million living in 24 countries. The HIV epidemic in WCA appears to have distinct dynamics compared to the rest of SSA, being more concentrated among key populations such as female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID) and clients of FSWs. To explore the epidemiology of HIV in the region, a systematic review of HIV literature among key populations in WCA was conducted since the onset of the HIV epidemic. Methods We searched the databases PubMed, CINAHL and others for peer-reviewed articles regarding FSWs, MSM and PWID in 24 countries with no date restriction. Inclusion criteria were sensitive and focused on inclusion of any HIV prevalence data among key populations. HIV prevalence was pooled, and in each country key themes were extracted from the literature. Results The search generated 885 titles, 214 abstracts and 122 full articles, of which 76 met inclusion and exclusion criteria providing HIV prevalence data. There were 60 articles characterizing the burden of disease among FSWs, eight for their clients, one for both, six for MSM and one for PWID. The pooled HIV prevalence among FSWs was 34.9% (n=14,388/41,270), among their clients was 7.3% (n=435/5986), among MSM was 17.7% (n=656/3714) and among PWID from one study in Nigeria was 3.8% (n=56/1459). Conclusions The disproportionate burden of HIV among FSWs appears to be consistent from the beginning of the HIV epidemic in WCA. While there are less data for other key populations such as clients of FSWs and MSM, the prevalence of HIV is higher among these men compared to other men in the region. There have been sporadic reports among PWID, but limited research on the burden of HIV among these men and women. These data affirm that the HIV epidemic in WCA appears to be far more concentrated among key populations than the

  20. ACUTE NARCOTIC DRUG INTOXICATIONS: ETIOLOGY, SEX/AGE DISTRIBUTION AND CLINICAL OUTCOME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petko Marinov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Poisoning with drugs is a serious medical and social problem worldwide. Retrospective analysis of acute poisoning with narcotic drugs had been performed in Varna region for 25 years (1991-2015. Material and Methods: The number of patients received hospital treatment after poisonings with narcotic substances was 677, which represented 3.9% of all acute exogenous intoxications. Results: Narcotic poisonings were more common in men – 546 (80.6%, than in women – 131 (19.4 %. The ratio male/ female was 4.17:1. The largest number of intoxications were in the age group up to 24 years – 1123 (66%, and only 2.65% of patients were over 45 years. Death was registered in 6 (0.9% patients.

  1. Sex 'n' drugs 'n' rock 'n' roll: the meaning and social consequences of pubertal timing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waylen, Andrea; Wolke, Dieter

    2004-11-01

    This is a brief review of the normal changes in adolescent behaviour and the interplay between biology and social factors that occur at and around puberty, in an attempt to explain when this transition may become problematic The onset of puberty is a biological marker for an individual's transition from a non-reproductive to a reproductive state. Adolescence is a normal developmental transition associated with clearly visible physical changes, reorganization and pruning of neuronal circuits in the brain and the occurrence of new behaviours and interests. It is a time when new life tasks (orientation towards peers of the other sex, romantic and sexual involvement and mastering an educational career) need to be mastered. Parent-child conflict increases and becomes more intense as the adolescent struggles for more independence while still requiring support. These normal changes can become problematic if biological and social expectations diverge e.g. entering puberty very early or very late. While early pubertal onset in boys is likely to have beneficial effects, in girls precocious pubertal timing may have a negative impact on body-image, affect (or emotional well-being) and sex-role expectations. Other individual biological predispositions and genetic endowment may interact with social factors (e.g. peers, parenting style, neighbourhood) making adolescence either an adaptive or a challenging transition. There is a lack of sufficiently large longitudinal studies that have been able to study this interaction between genetics, biology and social environment on adolescent development. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort provides a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of pubertal timing on social behaviour. Planned assessments and concepts are outlined.

  2. Sex-Dependent Psychoneuroendocrine Effects of THC and MDMA in an Animal Model of Adolescent Drug Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorente-Berzal, Alvaro; Puighermanal, Emma; Burokas, Aurelijus; Ozaita, Andrés; Maldonado, Rafael; Marco, Eva M.; Viveros, Maria-Paz

    2013-01-01

    Ecstasy is a drug that is usually consumed by young people at the weekends and frequently, in combination with cannabis. In the present study we have investigated the long-term effects of administering increasing doses of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol [THC; 2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg; i.p.] from postnatal day (pnd) 28 to 45, alone and/or in conjunction with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA; two daily doses of 10 mg/kg every 5 days; s.c.] from pnd 30 to 45, in both male and female Wistar rats. When tested one day after the end of the pharmacological treatment (pnd 46), MDMA administration induced a reduction in directed exploration in the holeboard test and an increase in open-arm exploration in an elevated plus maze. In the long-term, cognitive functions in the novel object test were seen to be disrupted by THC administration to female but not male rats. In the prepulse inhibition test, MDMA-treated animals showed a decrease in prepulse inhibition at the most intense prepulse studied (80 dB), whereas in combination with THC it induced a similar decrease at 75 dB. THC decreased hippocampal Arc expression in both sexes, while in the frontal cortex this reduction was only evident in females. MDMA induced a reduction in ERK1/2 immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex of male but not female animals, and THC decreased prepro-orexin mRNA levels in the hypothalamus of males, although this effect was prevented when the animals also received MDMA. The results presented indicate that adolescent exposure to THC and/or MDMA induces long-term, sex-dependent psychophysiological alterations and they reveal functional interactions between the two drugs. PMID:24223797

  3. Sex-dependent psychoneuroendocrine effects of THC and MDMA in an animal model of adolescent drug consumption.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Llorente-Berzal

    Full Text Available Ecstasy is a drug that is usually consumed by young people at the weekends and frequently, in combination with cannabis. In the present study we have investigated the long-term effects of administering increasing doses of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol [THC; 2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg; i.p.] from postnatal day (pnd 28 to 45, alone and/or in conjunction with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA; two daily doses of 10 mg/kg every 5 days; s.c.] from pnd 30 to 45, in both male and female Wistar rats. When tested one day after the end of the pharmacological treatment (pnd 46, MDMA administration induced a reduction in directed exploration in the holeboard test and an increase in open-arm exploration in an elevated plus maze. In the long-term, cognitive functions in the novel object test were seen to be disrupted by THC administration to female but not male rats. In the prepulse inhibition test, MDMA-treated animals showed a decrease in prepulse inhibition at the most intense prepulse studied (80 dB, whereas in combination with THC it induced a similar decrease at 75 dB. THC decreased hippocampal Arc expression in both sexes, while in the frontal cortex this reduction was only evident in females. MDMA induced a reduction in ERK1/2 immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex of male but not female animals, and THC decreased prepro-orexin mRNA levels in the hypothalamus of males, although this effect was prevented when the animals also received MDMA. The results presented indicate that adolescent exposure to THC and/or MDMA induces long-term, sex-dependent psychophysiological alterations and they reveal functional interactions between the two drugs.

  4. The intersection between sex and drugs: a cross-sectional study among the spouses of injection drug users in Chennai, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Santhanam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is estimated that there are up to 1.1 million injection drug users (IDUs in India; the majority are likely married. We characterize HIV, hepatitis B (HBV and hepatitis C (HCV prevalence and the risk environment of a sample of spouses of IDUs. Methods A cohort of 1158 IDUs (99% male was recruited in Chennai, India from 2005-06. A convenience sample of 400 spouses of the male IDUs in this cohort was recruited in 2009. A risk assessment questionnaire was administered and a blood sample collected. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with prevalent HIV. Results Median age was 31 years; thirteen percent were widowed and 7% were not currently living with their spouse. Only 4 (1% reported ever injecting drugs; Twenty-two percent and 25% reported ever using non-injection drugs and alcohol, respectively. The majority had one lifetime sexual partner and 37 (9% reporting exchanging sex. Only 7% always used condoms with their regular partner. HIV, HBV and HCV prevalence were 2.5%, 3.8% and 0.5%, respectively; among spouses of HIV+ IDUs (n = 78, HIV prevalence was 10.3%. The strongest predictor of HIV was spousal HIV status (OR: 17.9; p Conclusions Our finding of a 10-fold higher HIV prevalence among spouses of IDUs compared with general population women indicates their vulnerability; prevalence is likely to increase given the context of low condom use and frequent sexual violence. Prevention efforts directed at IDUs should also include programs for spouses.

  5. Drug-, dose- and sex-dependent effects of chronic fluoxetine, reboxetine and venlafaxine on open-field behavior and spatial memory in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Vanessa C; Hughes, Robert N

    2015-03-15

    In an effort to address the need to include both sexes in studies of effects of the SSRI fluoxetine, the NRI reboxetine and the SNRI venlafaxine on anxiety-related behavior and memory along with the use of chronic drug administration, male and female PVG/c rats were fed diets containing two doses of each drug for 21 days. The rats' anxiety level was then assessed in an open field. Short-term spatial memory for a brightness change in a Y maze was also measured. While there was little evidence of anxiolytic effects of any of the drugs, both fluoxetine and, to a lesser extent, venlafaxine appeared to be mainly anxiogenic in their action depending on both dose and sex. Reboxetine was relatively ineffective in this respect. Ability to locate the Y-maze arm that had changed (from white to black) seemed to be impaired for male (but not female) rats by both fluoxetine and venlafaxine and, to a much lesser extent, by reboxetine. Given the relative ineffectiveness of reboxetine in either test, it is possible that the effects of the other two drugs on both anxiety and memory were mainly due to their serotonin reuptake inhibiting properties. The differences that occurred between males and females in responsiveness to all three drugs supported the long-held view that both sexes should be investigated in studies of this sort, especially in view of reports of sex differences in effects of clinically prescribed antidepressants. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Changes in Female Sex Hormones in Patients with Intentional Drug and Chemical Poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Afzali

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hormonal changes as a factor influencing the emotional state of women have an important role in the incidence of suicide. The aim of this study is to investigate changes in FSH-LH, Estrogen, and Progesterone hormones in women attempting suicide by drugs and chemicals. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, women of reproductive diagnosed with drug and chemical poisoning who were hospitalized in Farshchian Hospital, Hamadan, Iran, were assessed regarding LH, FSH estrogen and progesterone hormones over a period of six months in 2011. Overall, 80 patients were studied with regard to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The highest rate of suicide was in the age range of 14-25 years (47 patients, 60.1%. A significant relationship was observed among the blood levels of hormones FSH, LH, progesterone, and estrogen. The association of hormone levels and LMP and attempted suicide was significant. The LH level was significantly lower in patients with substance abuse. The estrogen level was significantly lower in patients with the history of self-injury. Most patients (67.5% were in the follicular phase which was statistically significant. Conclusion: According to the obtained results, there was a significant relationship between the levels of different hormones. The significant relationship was positive in some cases but negative in other.

  7. Seks ja töö / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2000-01-01

    Filmifestivalil "Armastus ja Anarhia" ("Rakkautta & Anarkiaa") 21.09.- 01.10. nähtud filmidest : Rosa von Praudheimi eluloofilm "Einstein of Sex", Julien Temple dokumentaalfilm "The Filth and the Fury", Virginie Despentes ja Coralie Trinh Thi "Baise moi!" ("Vägista mind!"), Catherine Breillat "Une vraie Jeune Fille" ("Päris noor tüdruk"), Francois Ozoni Rainer Werner Fassbinderi näidendi järgi tehtud film "Gouttes d'eau sur pierres brulantes" ("Veetilgad põlevatel kividel"), Jang Sun Woo "Gojimal" ("Valed") ja Laurent Cantet' "Ressources humaines" ("Inimressursid")

  8. Lipids and addiction: how sex steroids, prostaglandins, and cannabinoids interact with drugs of abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leishman, Emma; Kokesh, Kevin J; Bradshaw, Heather B

    2013-04-01

    Lipidomics aims to identify and characterize all endogenous species of lipids and understand their roles in cellular signaling and, ultimately, the functioning of the organism. We are on the cusp of fully understanding the functions of many of the lipid signaling systems that have been identified for decades (e.g., steroids, prostaglandins), whereas our understanding of newer lipid signaling systems (e.g., endocannabinoids, N-acyl amides) still lags considerably behind. With an emphasis on their roles in the neurophysiology of addiction, we will examine three classes of lipids--sex steroids, prostaglandins, and cannabinoids--and how they work synergistically in the neurocircuitry of motivation. We will first give a brief overview of the biosynthesis for each class of lipid and its receptors, and then summarize what is known about the collective roles of the lipids in cocaine and alcohol abuse. This approach provides a novel view of lipid signaling as a class of molecules and their synergistic roles in addiction. © 2013 New York Academy of Sciences.

  9. Nuorten nukkuminen ja uni

    OpenAIRE

    Kinnunen, Elisa

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena on nuorten nukkuminen ja uni. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää, mitä tietoa Reisjärven kristillisen opiston nuoret ovat saaneet nukkumiseen vaikuttavista tekijöistä ja mistä nukkumiseen liittyvistä tekijöistä he haluavat tietoa. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tuottaa tietoa nuorten nukkumistottumuksista ja siitä, mitkä tekijät vaikuttavat nuorten nukkumiseen heidän omien kokemustensa mukaan. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli myös tuottaa tietoa, millaisia nukku...

  10. Hope Amidst Horror: Documenting the Effects of the "War On Drugs" Among Female Sex Workers and Their Intimate Partners in Tijuana, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syvertsen, Jennifer L; Bazzi, Angela Robertson; Mittal, María Luisa

    2017-01-01

    Sensationalistic media coverage has fueled stereotypes of the Mexican border city of Tijuana as a violent battleground of the global drug war. While the drug war shapes health and social harms in profoundly public ways, less visible are the experiences and practices of hope that forge communities of care and represent more private responses to this crisis. In this article, we draw on ethnographic fieldwork and photo elicitation with female sex workers who inject drugs and their intimate, non-commercial partners in Tijuana to examine the personal effects of the drug war. Drawing on a critical phenomenology framework, which links political economy with phenomenological concern for subjective experience, we explore the ways in which couples try to find hope amidst the horrors of the drug war. Critical visual scholarship may provide a powerful alternative to dominant media depictions of violence, and ultimately clarify why this drug war must end.

  11. Cost Effectiveness of ‘On Demand’ Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis for Non-Injection Drug-Using Men Who Have Sex with Men in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelle Ouellet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Recent trials report the efficacy of continuous tenofovir-based pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP for prevention of HIV infection. The cost effectiveness of ‘on demand’ PrEP for non-injection drug-using men who have sex with men at high risk of HIV acquisition has not been evaluated.

  12. Selvitys luonnon- ja luomukosmetiikkasertifikaateista

    OpenAIRE

    Ylönen, Terhi

    2012-01-01

    Luonnonkosmetiikka ei ole uusi ilmiö, mutta se on viime vuosikymmeninä yleistynyt runsaasti. Sen myyntiluvut ovat nousseet ja tulevaisuudessa niiden ennustetaan kasvavan edelleen. Luonnonkosmetiikasta on tullut tärkeä osa kosmetiikkamarkkinoita ja sitä käyttävät hyvin erityyppiset kuluttajat. Luonnonkosmetiikkaa ei määritellä lainsäädännössä. Sitä säätelee ainoastaan EU:n kosmetiikka-asetus 1223/2009, kuten muutakin kosmetiikkaa. Aidon luonnonkosmetiikan voi varmasti tunnistaa ainoastaan ...

  13. LTEmittaukset ja mittalaitteet

    OpenAIRE

    Ajalin, Lassi

    2010-01-01

    LTE on neljännen sukupolven (4G) matkapuhelinteknologia, jonka tarkoituksena on kas-vattaa matkapuhelinverkkojen datan siirtonopeuksia ja parantaa palveluita. LTE-tekniikan avulla tavoitellaan myös kustannussäästöjä. Tässä insinöörityössä on perehdytty LTE-teknologiaan sekä LTE-mittalaitteisiin ja selvitetty, soveltuvatko oppilaitoksen nykyiset mittalaitteet radiorajapinnan LTE-mittaukseen. Tutkimustyön tuloksena voidaan todeta, että oppilaitoksen nykyiset mittalaitteet eivät sovellu LTE-mitt...

  14. Mobiilipelin ansaintamallit ja kannattavuuslaskelmat

    OpenAIRE

    Myllymäki, Anne; Mäkinen, Jenni

    2017-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tuottaa kattava, mutta yleishyödyllinen opas aloitteleville mobiilipeliyrittäjille. Työn avulla selvitettiin, mitkä olivat tämän hetken käytetyimmät ansaintamallit mobiilipeleissä, mitkä tekijät vaikuttivat mobiilipelin kannattavuuteen ja kuinka näihin lukuihin päästiin erilaisten ansaintamallien pohjalta. Työ toteutettiin osittain kirjallisuuskatsauksen avulla ja näitä tietoja analysoiden sekä yhdistellen tehtiin erilaisia kannattavuuslaskelmia sekä kerättii...

  15. Kubernetes ja klusteroitava verkkosovellus

    OpenAIRE

    Sakkara, Jyri; Sakkara, Jyri

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä tutustuttiin käyttöjärjestelmätasoiseen konttiperustaiseen virtualisointiin käyttäen hyväksi Docker ja Kubernetes ohjelmistoja. Docker on toteutus konttiperustaisesta virtualisoinnista, jonka suosio on lisääntynyt räjähdysmäisesti viime vuosien aikana. Kubernetes laajentaa Dockerin konttivirtualisointia tuomalla lisäksi monipalvelinympäristö asennukset ja helpot työkalut sovelluksien hallintaan klusteroidussa monipalvelinympäristössä. Työssä rakennettiin kolmen palvelimen t...

  16. Mobiilipalvelut ja NFC

    OpenAIRE

    Kurtti, Joni

    2011-01-01

    NFC, Near Field Communication, on hyvin lyhyiden etäisyyksien radiotaajuinen tiedonsiirtomene-telmä. Se perustuu RFID-tekniikkaan. Tässä opinnäytetyössä tutustuttiin NFC-tekniikkaan ja sen nykyisiin sovelluksiin, erityisesti mobiilipalveluihin. Tarkoituksena oli lisätä omaa ja yrityksen, IT-parkin, tietämystä aihealueen teknologioista. Työ pohjautuu kirjallisuustutkimukseen digitaali-lähtein. NFC-toiminnan fysikaalinen perusta on sähkömagneettikentän induktiossa. NFC-tekniikan tär-keimmät...

  17. Kattilantestauslaboratorion huolto- ja kunnossapitosuunnitelma

    OpenAIRE

    Muurikainen, Matias

    2017-01-01

    Jyväskylän ammattikorkeakoululla on kattilantestauslaboratorio Biotalousinstituutissa Saarijärvellä. Biotalousinstituutilla ei ollut viralliselle kattilantestauslaitteistolle huolto- ja kunnossapitosuunnitelmaa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli luoda helppokäyttöinen ja helposti muokattava Excel-tiedosto, mistä henkilökunta voi löytää kunkin laitteen yksityiskohtaiset ohjeet. Kattilantestauslaboratoriossa on suuri määrä laitteita, jotka eivät liity välittömästi kattilantestaustoimintaan. Tä...

  18. Complex drug use patterns and associated HIV transmission risk behaviors in an Internet sample of U.S. men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Gary; Wall, Melanie M; Chiasson, Mary Ann; Hirshfield, Sabina

    2015-02-01

    Although the relationship between drug use and HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) is well described, relatively few studies have employed empirical methods to assess underlying classes of drug use that may better predict the risk of HIV or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among MSM. The aim of this study was to determine whether latent class analysis (LCA) would identify underlying drug classes reported prior to sex, as well as predict unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the last sexual encounter among MSM. From 2004 to 2005, an anonymous online survey was conducted among 8,717 sexually active MSM recruited from gay-affiliated U.S. websites. LCA clustered participants into six distinct drug use classes based on the specific types and number of drugs used: (1) low/no drug use, (2) recreational drug use, (3) poppers with prescription erectile dysfunction (ED) drug use, (4) poppers with both prescription and non-prescription ED drug use, (5) recreational, club, and ED drug use, and (6) high polydrug use. Compared with men in Class 1, men in the highest drug use class were 4.84 times more likely to report UAI in their last sexual encounter and 3.78 times more likely to report an STI in the past year (both ps < .001). Younger MSM aged 18-29 were significantly more likely to report an STI than men aged 50 and above (p < .001). There is a need to better understand the complex relationship between a diverse set of drugs used among MSM and how polydrug use impacts sexual negotiation over time.

  19. Complex Drug Use Patterns and Associated HIV Transmission Risk Behaviors in an Internet Sample of U.S. Men Who Have Sex with Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Gary; Wall, Melanie M.; Chiasson, Mary Ann; Hirshfield, Sabina

    2015-01-01

    Although the relationship between drug use and HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) is well described, relatively few studies have employed empirical methods to assess underlying classes of drug use that may better predict the risk of HIV or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among MSM. The aim of this study was to determinewhether latent class analysis (LCA) would identify underlying drug classes reported prior to sex, as well as predict unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the last sexual encounter among MSM. From 2004 to 2005, an anonymous online survey was conducted among 8,717 sexually active MSM recruited from gay-affiliated U.S. websites. LCA clustered participants into six distinct drug use classes based on the specific types and number of drugs used: (1) low/no drug use, (2) recreational drug use, (3) poppers with prescription erectile dysfunction (ED) drug use, (4) poppers with both prescription and non-prescription ED drug use, (5) recreational, club, and ED drug use, and (6) high polydrug use. Compared with men in Class 1, men in the highest drug use class were 4.84 times more likely to report UAI in their last sexual encounter and 3.78 times more likely to report an STI in the past year (both ps<.001). Younger MSM aged 18–29 were significantly more likely to report an STI than men aged 50 and above (p<.001). There is a need to better understand the complex relationship between a diverse set of drugs used among MSM and how polydrug use impacts sexual negotiation over time. PMID:25104104

  20. Parisuhdemuodon vaikutus perimykseen ja verotukseen

    OpenAIRE

    Paviala, Katriina

    2016-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytteessä tutkittiin parisuhdemuodon vaikutusta perimykseen ja verotukseen. Päätarkoituksena oli koota yhteen avioliiton verohyödyt ja tuoda esiin avo- ja avioliiton erot verotuksen ja perimyksen näkökulmasta. Tavoitteena oli, että työn luettuaan lukijalla on selkeä käsitys avioliiton eduista perimyksessä ja verotuksessa. Tutkimusmenetelmänä käytettiin kvalitatiivisia menetelmiä ja lainopillisia keinoja. Laadullisista tutkimusmenetelmistä hyödynnettiin tapaustutkimusta. Lähdemat...

  1. Suzuki ja Szilvay : meetodist ja individuaalsusest / Lembi Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Lembi

    2000-01-01

    23. ja 24. apr. esines Tallinnas ans. Helsingin Juniorijousten F-avain-sello-bassoryhmä. 3. mail esines Tallinnas keelpilliõpilaste orkester Suzuki Nordic String. Suzuki ja Szilvayde muusikaõpetuse meetoditest, nende erinevustest, kasutamisvõimalustest Eestis

  2. Evolutsioonilised kaalutlused ja filosoofia / Tiiu Hallap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallap, Tiiu

    1999-01-01

    Solipsistlikust ja mittesolipsistlikust reaktsioonist, bioloogilisest ja psühholoogilisest altruismist, evolutsiooniteooria sõltuvusest ühiskondlikest ideoloogiatest, Elliot Soberi evolutsioonilistest seletustest realistlikule maailmatunnetusele ja altruismile

  3. Sotsiaalteenuste kvaliteedi hindamine ja kontroll / Heli Tooman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooman, Heli, 1949-

    2002-01-01

    Uurimisprojekti "Sotsiaalteenuste vajadus ja kasutamine - territoriaalsed, sotsiaalsed ja kultuurilised erinevused" raames katsetati SERVQUAL meetodit sotsiaalteenuste kvaliteedi mõõtmiseks Pärnu ja Narva sotsiaalasutustes. Tabelid. Bibliogr.

  4. High Lifetime Pregnancy and Low Contraceptive Usage Among Sex Workers Who Use Drugs- An Unmet Reproductive Health Need

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexson Debbie

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to describe levels of pregnancy and contraceptive usage among a cohort of street-based female sex workers (FSWs in Vancouver. Methods The study sample was obtained from a community-based prospective cohort study (2006-2008 of 211 women in street-based sex work who use drugs, 176 of whom had reported at least one prior pregnancy. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate lifetime pregnancy prevalence, pregnancy outcomes (miscarriage, abortion, adoption, child apprehension, child custody, and contraceptive usage. In secondary analyses, associations between contraceptive usage, individual and interpersonal risk factors and high number of lifetime pregnancies (defined as greater than the sample mean of 4 were examined. Results Among our sample, 84% reported a prior pregnancy, with a mean of 4 lifetime pregnancies (median = 3; IQR: 2-5. The median age of women reporting 5+ pregnancies was 38 years old [interquartile range (IQR: 25.0-39.0] compared to 34 years [IQR: 25.0-39.0] among women reporting 4 or fewer prior pregnancies. 45% were Caucasian and 47% were of Aboriginal ancestry. We observed high rates of previous abortion (median = 1;IQR:1-3, apprehension (median = 2; IQR:1-4 and adoption (median = 1; IQR:1-2 among FSWs who reported prior pregnancy. The use of hormonal and insertive contraceptives was limited. In bivariate analysis, tubal ligation (OR = 2.49; [95%CI = 1.14-5.45], and permanent contraceptives (e.g., tubal ligation and hysterectomy (OR = 2.76; [95%CI = 1.36-5.59] were both significantly associated with having five or more pregnancies. Conclusion These findings demonstrate high levels of unwanted pregnancy in the context of low utilization of effective contraceptives and suggest a need to improve the accessibility and utilization of reproductive health services, including family planning, which are appropriately targeted and tailored for FSWs in Vancouver.

  5. HIV-1 viraemia and drug resistance amongst female sex workers in Soweto, South Africa: A cross sectional study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Coetzee

    Full Text Available HIV drug resistance (HIVDR poses a threat to future antiretroviral therapy success. Monitoring HIVDR patterns is of particular importance in populations such as sex workers (SWs, where documented HIV prevalence is between 34-89%, and in countries with limited therapeutic options. Currently in South Africa, there is a dearth in evidence and no ongoing surveillance of HIVDR amongst sex work populations. This study aims to describe the prevalence of HIVDR amongst a sample of female sex workers (FSWs from Soweto, South Africa.A cross-sectional, respondent driven sampling (RDS recruitment methodology was used to enrol FSWs based in Soweto. Participants were tested for HIV and undertook a survey that included HIV knowledge and treatment status. Whole blood specimens were collected from HIV positive FSWs to measure for CD4 counts, viral load (VL and perform HIVDR genotyping. Frequencies were determined for categorical variables and medians and interquartile ranges (IQR for the continuous.Of the 508 enrolled participants, 55% (n = 280 were HIV positive and of median age 32 (IQR: 20-51 years. Among the HIV positive, 51.8% (132/269 were defined as virologically suppressed (VL < 400 copies/ml. Of the 119 individuals with unsuppressed viral loads who were successfully genotyped for resistance testing 37.8% (45/119 had detectable drug resistance. In this group, HIVDR mutations were found amongst 73.7% (14/19 of individuals on treatment, 27.4% (26/95 of individuals who were treatment naïve, and 100% (5/5 of defaulters. One phylogenetic cluster was found amongst treatment naïve FSWs. The K103N mutation was detected most commonly in 68.9% (31/45 individuals with HIVDR mutations, with 20/26 (76.9% of treatment naïve FSW with detectable resistance having this mutation. The M184V mutation was found in both FSWs on treatment (12/14, 85.7% and those defaulting (1/5, 20.0%.More than one third (45/119 of the genotyped sample had HIVDR, with resistance to the NNRTI

  6. [A study on syphilis and HSV-2 infection and related behaviors among female sex workers who take new types of drugs in Jiaozhou city].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng; Li, Dongmin; Jiang, Zhenxia; Liu, Huixin; Wang, Ning

    2014-10-01

    To explore the prevalence of syphilis and HSV-2 among female sex workers (FSWs) who use new types of drugs in Jiaozhou city. Through convenient sampling, an anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted among female sex workers to collect demographic characteristics, new-type drugs abusing characteristics and related sexual behaviors from October to December, 2013. Blood specimens were drawn for serological tests of syphilis antibody and HSV-2 antibody. Urine specimens of the subjects surveyed were collected to test for methamphetamine. Differences in demographic characteristics, new-type drug abusing characteristics, and sexual behaviours between drug-abusing FSWs and non-drug-abusing FSWs were compared by t-test and χ(2)-test. A total of 460 FSWs were recruited in this study, and 105 FSWs admitted their drug abuse history. Among the 341 urine specimens confirmed to be methamphetamine positive, there were 3 FSWs claimed that they never abuse new-type drugs. The rate of new-type drug abuse was 23.5% (108/460). A total of 71.4% (75/105) of the new drug-abusing FSWs started using drugs under 25 years old. The main reasons for drug abuse were clients request (24, 22.9%), making more money (23, 21.9%) and companion temptations (22, 21.0%). Totally, 41.9% of them (44/105) took drugs with 4-5 persons, 32.4% (34/105) had sex with 2-3 men after taking drugs, and 60.2% of new-type drug-abusing FSWs (65/108) used condoms in the latest commercial intercourse, while only 7.4% FSWs (8/108) used condoms every time during their commercial sex activities in the recent month. Compared with FSWs having no drug abuse behavior, drug-abusing FSWs had higher single proportion (73.2% (79/108) vs 63.6% (224/352), χ(2) = 8.64, P drug-abusing FSWs, the prevalence rates of syphilis and HSV-2 were 12.0% (13/108) and 55.6% (60/108) , respectively. A total of 33 FSWs claimed that they were diagnosed with STDs in the recent year (30.6%) . The rates of syphilis(12.0% (13/108) vs 4.0% (14/352),

  7. Keha ja ihu, iha ja piin Augusti tantsufestivalil / Agni Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Agni

    2006-01-01

    Augusti Tantsufestivali etendustest Tallinna Kunstihoones ja Kanuti Gildi saalis - Horvaatia kunstirühmituse BAD co lavastus "Fleshdance", Nada Gambier "Confessions - the autopsy of a performance", Simone Aughterlony ja Thomas Wodianka projekt "Performers on Trial", Nürnbergi trupi "Fine. da capo", Shani Granot' ja Peter Foli "It's a small world"

  8. Taotlused ja tulemus / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2002-01-01

    Helle Karise kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimene film "Dr. Andres Ellamaa" : operaatorid Peter Murdmaa ja Marko Piirsoo : monteerija Eero Karis : produtsendid Helle Karis ja Maret Hirtentreu : kasutatud Carl Orffi muusikat : Myth Film 2002

  9. Hinna kujundamise strateegia ja taktika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Katkend Thomas T. Nagle ja Reed K. Holdeni raamatust "The strategy and tactics of pricing". Katkendis ära toodud raamatu 6. peatükk, milles esitatakse peamised ideed ja defineeritakse kesksed mõisted

  10. Vorst ja poliitika / Ivar Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Ivar, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Siiani on lahendamata erakondade rahastamise küsimus, samuti on reguleerimata, kes ja missuguses vormis tohib lobby teha ja kuidas peavad avaliku võimu esindajad sellisesse huvide esindamisse suhtuma. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad

  11. Majandusarvestus ja tegelikkus / Vello Vallaste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vallaste, Vello, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Majandusarvestus ei pruugi ettevõtte tegelikku olukorda peegeldada, mis tähendab, et majandusarvestus võib olla ebausaldusväärne. Näiteid Ameerika Ühendriikidest ja Eestist (Enron, Luterma AS ja Celander Ehitus)

  12. Demokraatia ja õigus / Toomas Varrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varrak, Toomas, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    Autor analüüsib demokraatia teoreetilistele seisukohtadele tuginedes Eesti poliitikat ja riigikorraldust taasiseseisvumise järgsel perioodil, sh. 2007. aasta pronkssõduri teisaldamist ja sellega seotud rahutusi

  13. Lugedes Pilve ja Pazi / Mathura

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mathura, pseud., 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Võrdlevalt Aare Pilve luulekogust "Näoline" (kirj. Tuum, 2007) ja Octavio Pazi luulekogust "Alati on olevik" (hispaania k. tlk. Ain Kaalep, Jaan Kaplinski, Asta Põldmäe ja Jüri Talvet, kirj. Perioodika, 1984)

  14. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  15. Minevik ja tulevik. Mälestus ja unistus / Anneli Kõvamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõvamees, Anneli, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Suunatusest tulevikku, suunatusest minevikku ja oleviku olematusest "Tões ja õiguses". Sisaldab lõike A. H. Tammsaare romaanist "Tõde ja õigus" I, K. Ristikivi romaanist "Ei juhtunud midagi", M. Metsanurga romaanist "Soosaare", K. Ristikivi romaanist "Tuli ja raud", A. H. Tammsaare jutustusest "Tähtis päev", K. Ristikivi romaanist "Kõik, mis kunagi oli", A. Camus' lühiromaanist "Sisyphose müüt", H. C. Anderseni muinasjutust "Väike Merineitsi" ja E. v. Keyserlingi jutustusest "Õhtused majad"

  16. Sõprusest ja armastusest / Kristi Paap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paap, Kristi

    2011-01-01

    Eesti, läti ja leedu keraamikanäitus "Družba narodov ehk rahvaste sõprus" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis 10. aprillini 2011. 15 osalejat loetletud. Domilė Ragauskaitė (Leedu), Tõnis Kriisa, Ingrid Alliku ja Tiina Kaljuste töödest. Leo Rohlini fragmentaarium " Nokturn" Tallinnas galeriis Hop 22. veebr. 2011

  17. Hoolime ja vastutame / Hallar Meybaum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meybaum, Hallar

    2005-01-01

    Keemiatööstuse liitude vabatahtlik sihtalgatus Hoolime ja Vastutame on ellu kutsutud liikmesettevõtete tegevuse ja toodete, tervishoiu, ohutuse, keskkonnakaitse, avalikkuse kaasamise ning tööstusharust teavitamise parandamiseks. Programmiga liitunud Eesti ettevõtete tegevusest. Lisatud statistilised joonised ja tabelid

  18. Kasvukeskkond ja andekus / Marika Veisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veisson, Marika, 1949-

    2001-01-01

    Imikute ja väikelastega läbi viidud longituuduuringu eesmärgiks oli välja selgitada kasvukeskkonna faktorite mõju väikelapse intellekti arengule. Töös osalesid professorid M. Vikat, V. Kolga, teadur A. Vikat, doktor E. Tomberg, magistrandid M. Laane, K. Nugin ja I. Tuisk ning V. Vallner ja A. Veber

  19. Laps ja loodus / Patrik Grahn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grahn, Patrik

    2009-01-01

    Looduses viibimise ja mängimise tähtsusest lapse arengus. Artiklis tuginetakse uurimustele looduse, parkide ja aedade erinevate omadustega tüüpidest, eelkooliõuede õuemängude kohtadest ning looduspiirkondade tähendusest laste tervisele, motoorikale ja keskendumisvõimele

  20. Energeetikast ja maagaasist / Einari Kisel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisel, Einari, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Maagaasi osa Eesti energiabilansis on kasvanud 10,8%-lt 1995.a. 15,5%-ni 2005. a. Regionaalse gaasituru arengu mõju Eestile: Läänemerre kavandatav Venemaa ja Saksamaa gaasitoru, Eesti ja Soome vahelise gaasitoru Balticconnector uuringud, kaugemates plaanides Balti regiooni vedelgaasi terminali rajamine, uute maagaasi hoidlate rajamine Lätisse ja Leetu

  1. Tutkintavankien olot ja oikeuksien toteutuminen

    OpenAIRE

    Rantala, Kati; Tyni, Sasu; Koskenniemi, Lauri; Liimatainen, Anu; Kääriäinen, Henri

    2017-01-01

    Kriminologian ja oikeuspolitiikan instituutin tutkimuksessa on tarkasteltu tutkintavankien oloja ja oikeuksien toteutumista. Analyysi perustuu tutkintavangeille suunnattuun lomakekyselyyn, joka toteutettiin syksyllä 2015. Suurin osa vastaajista oli yleisesti ottaen tyytyväisiä oloihinsa, oikeuksiensa toteutumiseen ja toimintamahdollisuuksiin tutkintavankilassa. Toisaalta vakaviakin puutteita ilmeni, eli tulosten mukaan tutkintavankien asemassa on runsaasti korjaamisen varaa. Moneen tutkimukse...

  2. Suvi ja koerad / Marko Tiidelepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiidelepp, Marko

    2013-01-01

    Millele pöörata tähelepanu suvel, et koer oleks kaitstud ja terve ning 2013. aasta suvel toimuvatest koertenäitustest, kuulekuskoolituse meistrivõistlustest, agility-võistlustest ja teistest üritustest koertele ja nende kasvatajatele

  3. Molecular status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B virus, and Hepatitis C virus among injecting drug male commercial sex workers in Surakarta, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agung Prasetyo, Afiono; Marwoto; Arifin Adnan, Zainal; Hartono

    2018-05-01

    Male commercial sex workers are one of the high-risk community for blood-borne viruses. However, there are no data concerning the molecular status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) circulated among male commercial sex workers with injecting drug habits in Surakarta, Indonesia. Blood samples obtained from injecting drug male commercial sex workers in Surakarta were examined for HIV antibodies, HBsAg, and HCV antibodies, respectively, by immunological assays. Blood samples were also subjected to viral nucleic acid extraction and molecular detection of HIV, HBV, and HCV by nested (RT) PCRs. The PCR products were purified from agarose gels, and the nucleotide sequences were retrieved and molecular analyzed. HIV, HBV, and HCV were detected in 29.4% (10/34), 17.6% (6/34), and 52.9% (18/34), respectively. HIV CRF01_AE and B were found to be circulating in the community. HBV genotype B3 was predominated, followed by C1. HCV genotype 1a was predominated, followed by 1c, 3a, 1b, and 4a. HIV, HBV, and HCV were found circulating in the male commercial sex workers with injecting drug habits in Surakarta, Indonesia.

  4. Tuotteen kehitys ja kaupallistaminen : Case Vasikan Hiiligeeli

    OpenAIRE

    Lehtilä, Veera

    2017-01-01

    Tuotekehitys ja tuotteen kaupallistaminen nähdään usein salatieteenä, jonka hallitsevat vain harvat ja valitut superinnovatiiviset yksilöt. Todellisuudessa kyseessä on yksi vakaan ja kannattavan yrityksen perustoiminnoista, jota toteutetaan yrityksen eri toimijoiden, kuten tuotekehitys,talous ja markkinointi, yhteistyönä suunnitelmallisesti ja harkiten, tutkittuun tietoon ja kulloiseenkin aikaan perustuen, olemassa olevien resurssien ja aikataulujen rajoissa. Kyseessä on mielenkiintoinen ja u...

  5. Traditsiooniliselt ja pluralistlikult / Epp Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Epp, 1969-

    1996-01-01

    Nüpli kevadkool (seminari 'Traditsioon ja pluralism' järg põhirõhuga kirjandusloole), korraldajateks Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus, Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ja Tartu Ülikooli eesti kirjandusloo uurimisgrupp. Ettekanded: Loone Ots. Kuninganna jalad ehk Non sciunt, se scient. Eesti kirjandust välistudengitele; Kristi Metste. Tubli pioneer Kampmaa; Peep Ehasalu. 'Kiired' ja soomlased; Sirje Olesk. Kodu- ja väliseesti kahekõne 1950.-1960. aastatel; Marin Laak. Kriitikateos kirjandusloos : näide 1924. aastast (Valmar Adamsi arvustus Jaan Kärneri romaani 'Bianka ja Ruth' puhul); Ene-Reet Soovik. Koed, põimed ja takerdused : Ants Orase tõlkekriitikast ja -praktikast; Epp Annus. Anakroonilised võitlused romaanis 'Tõde ja õigus'; Luule Epner. Kahe 'Libahundi' vahel : draama ja teater 1960.-70ndate vahetusel, põikega proosasse; Toomas Liivamägi. Mõned vulgariseeringud (20. sajandi modernism energia jäävuse seadusest lähtudes); Toomas Muru. Paabeli torn ja Gooti katedraal; Aare Pilv. Kirjandusloolisus kui hoiak; Indrek Särg - Sven Kivisildnik. Eesti gayluule järjekordne algus; Rutt Hinrikus. Reed Morn, andekas parasiit; Kajar Pruul. Ühe kunstiteose analüüs (Sven Kivisildniku luuletus 'Eesti Nõukogude Kirjanike Liit'); Ele Süvalep. Modernist Jaan Oks

  6. Vasak- ja parempoolsed viirpapagoid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Partha Bhagavatula juhitud Queenslandi Ülikooli ja Austraalia Nägemisuuringute Tippkeskuse uuringust, mida selgitas välja, et mõnedel lindudel on välja kujunenud väga püsivad eelistused, kas lennata takistusest mööda pigem paremalt või pigem vasakult poolt, see võib olla linnuparve lennusujuvuse üheks alusteguriks

  7. Roppus ja raev murdsid saali, kuid pungi sisu jäi kaugeks / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    7. okt. Von Krahli Teatris esietendunud punkansambli Sex Pistolsi tekkelugu ja võtmestseene kujutavast etendusest "Ainult võltsid jäävad ellu", lavastaja M. Raat. Lisatud ka punkari V. Tamme ja psühhoterrori laulja Freddy kommentaar

  8. Sex Work as an Emerging Risk Factor for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroconversion Among People who Inject Drugs in the SurvUDI Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blouin, Karine; Leclerc, Pascale; Morissette, Carole; Roy, Élise; Blanchette, Caty; Parent, Raymond; Serhir, Bouchra; Alary, Michel

    2016-10-01

    Recent analyses have shown an emerging positive association between sex work and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the SurvUDI network. Participants who had injected in the past 6 months were recruited across the Province of Quebec and in the city of Ottawa, mainly in harm reduction programs. They completed a questionnaire and provided gingival exudate for HIV antibody testing. The associations with HIV seroconversion were tested with a Cox proportional hazard model using time-dependent covariables including the main variable of interest, sexual activity (sex work; no sex work; sexually inactive). The final model included significant variables and confounders of the associations with sexual activity. Seventy-two HIV seroconversions were observed during 5239.2 person-years (py) of follow-up (incidence rates: total = 1.4/100 py; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-1.7; sex work = 2.5/100 py; 95% CI, 1.5-3.6; no sex work = 0.8/100 py; 95% CI, 0.5-1.2; sexually inactive = 1.8/100 py; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5). In the final multivariate model, HIV incidence was significantly associated with sexual activity (sex work: adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 2.19; 95% CI, 1.13-4.25; sexually inactive: AHR, 1.62; 95% CI, 0.92-2.88), and injection with a needle/syringe used by someone else (AHR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.73-4.66). Sex work is independently associated with HIV incidence among PWIDs. At the other end of the spectrum of sexual activity, sexually inactive PWIDs have a higher HIV incidence rate, likely due to more profound dependence leading to increased vulnerabilities, which may include mental illness, poverty, and social exclusion. Further studies are needed to understand whether the association between sex work and HIV is related to sexual transmission or other vulnerability factors.

  9. Sex and drug risk behavior pre- and post-emigration among Latino migrant men in post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Jennifer; Burton, Nicole; Schmidt, Norine; Salinas, Oscar; Hembling, John; Aran, Alberto; Shedlin, Michele; Kissinger, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    High rates of sex and drug risk behaviors have been documented among Latino migrant men in the U.S. Whether these behaviors were established in the migrants’ home countries or were adopted in the U.S. has not been described and has implications for prevention strategies. Quarterly surveys were conducted to gather information on selected sex and drug risk practices of Latino migrant men who arrived in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina seeking work. Both kappa scores and McNemar’s tests were performed to determine if practice of these behaviors in home country was similar to practice post-emigration to the U.S. Female sex worker (FSW) patronage, same sex encounters (MSM), and crack cocaine use was more likely to occur post-rather than pre-emigration. Of those who ever engaged in these selected behaviors, most adopted the behavior in the U.S. (i.e. 75.8% of FSW patrons, 72.7% of MSM participants, and 85.7% of crack cocaine users), with the exception of binge drinking (26.8%). Men who were living with a family member were less likely to adopt FSW patronage OR=0.27, CI=0.10-0.76, whereas men who earned >$465 per week were more likely to adopt crack cocaine use OR=6.29 CI=1.29, 30.57. Interventions that facilitate the maintenance of family cohesion and provide strategies for financial management may be useful for reducing sex and drug risk among newly arrived migrants. PMID:22669638

  10. Recreational Drug Use among Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Risky Combination with Unprotected Sex for Acquiring HIV Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Jie Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use and its relationship with HIV infection among Chinese MSM. Methods. A cross-sectional study of 625 MSM was conducted in Shenyang, China. Questionnaires were administered to collect information on recreational drug use and sexual behaviors. Blood specimens were collected to test for HIV and syphilis antibodies. Results. Nearly a quarter (23.2%, 145/625 of participants reported ever using recreational drugs, among which alkyl nitrites (poppers was the most frequently used drug (19.2%, followed by methylmorphine phosphate (5.1%, methamphetamine (4.0%, and ketamine (0.8%. The overall prevalence of HIV and syphilis was 9.6% and 10.4%, respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that recreational drug use was significantly correlated with age ≤25 year (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.6, 95% CI, 1.1–2.9, single marital status (aOR = 2.1, 95% CI, 1.2–3.6, and seeking male sexual partners mainly through Internet (aOR = 1.8, 95% CI, 1.8–2.8. Recreational drug use was independently associated with an increased risk of HIV infection (aOR = 3.5, 95% CI, 2.0–6.2. Conclusions. Our study suggests that recreational drug use is popular among Chinese MSM and is associated with significantly increased HIV infection risk. HIV prevention intervention programs should reduce both drug use and risky sexual behaviors in this population.

  11. Recreational Drug Use among Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Risky Combination with Unprotected Sex for Acquiring HIV Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jun-Jie; Qian, Han-Zhu; Chu, Zhen-Xing; Zhang, Jing; Hu, Qing-Hai; Jiang, Yong-Jun; Geng, Wen-Qing; Zhang, Christiana Meng; Shang, Hong

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use and its relationship with HIV infection among Chinese MSM. Methods. A cross-sectional study of 625 MSM was conducted in Shenyang, China. Questionnaires were administered to collect information on recreational drug use and sexual behaviors. Blood specimens were collected to test for HIV and syphilis antibodies. Results. Nearly a quarter (23.2%, 145/625) of participants reported ever using recreational drugs, among which alkyl nitrites (poppers) was the most frequently used drug (19.2%), followed by methylmorphine phosphate (5.1%), methamphetamine (4.0%), and ketamine (0.8%). The overall prevalence of HIV and syphilis was 9.6% and 10.4%, respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that recreational drug use was significantly correlated with age ≤25 year (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.6, 95% CI, 1.1–2.9), single marital status (aOR = 2.1, 95% CI, 1.2–3.6), and seeking male sexual partners mainly through Internet (aOR = 1.8, 95% CI, 1.8–2.8). Recreational drug use was independently associated with an increased risk of HIV infection (aOR = 3.5, 95% CI, 2.0–6.2). Conclusions. Our study suggests that recreational drug use is popular among Chinese MSM and is associated with significantly increased HIV infection risk. HIV prevention intervention programs should reduce both drug use and risky sexual behaviors in this population. PMID:24829916

  12. Coalition building by drug user and sex worker community-based organizations in Vietnam can lead to improved interactions with government agencies: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Leah T; Grau, Lauretta E; Nguyen, Huong H; Khuat, Oanh Hai T; Heimer, Robert

    2015-10-16

    Drug users and female sex workers are among the groups most vulnerable to HIV infection in Vietnam. To address the HIV epidemic within these communities, former drug users and sex workers established the first community-based organizations (CBOs) in 2009. The study provides a focused assessment of CBOs' expanding efforts to advocate for their members that identifies existing collaborations with Vietnamese government programs. This assessment explores the barriers to and facilitators of expansion in order to propose recommendations to improve the working relationship between CBOs and government programs. Thirty-two individuals from drug user and sex worker CBOs (n = 24) and relevant government programs (n = 8) participated in face-to-face interviews in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and Hai Phong. Coded interview transcripts were analyzed qualitatively concerning the purpose of CBOs, the interactions between CBOs and government programs, and the perceived barriers, facilitators, and feasibility of future CBO-government program collaborations. Services provided by the CBOs were considered to improve members' quality of life. The formation of coalitions among CBOs increased efficiency in meeting members' specific service needs, in addition to internal capacity building. Government field staff interacted with CBOs by providing CBOs with technical and legal support. CBOs and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics collaborated to help the clinics meet patient enrollment quotas and facilitate entry into treatment for CBO members. Barriers to CBO-government program collaboration included perceived conflicting missions on how to address drug use and sex work in the community, limited CBO-government program communication, CBO mistrust of the MMT system, and lack of legal status for CBOs. To reduce these barriers, we recommend (1) introduction of CBO consultative services at government healthcare centers, (2) enlistment of CBO outreach to ensure full access to the

  13. Making Healthy Decisions About Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Teens: How to Make Healthy Decisions About Sex Page Content Article Body Before you decide to ... alcohol or use drugs. Are You Ready for Sex? Sex can change your life and relationships. Having ...

  14. Human T-lymphotropic Virus-1/2 detected in drug abused men who have sex with men infected with HIV in Surakarta, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agung Prasetyo, Afiono; Sari, Yulia

    2018-05-01

    Human T-lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) share similar routes of transmission with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the HTLV-1/2 co-infection may affect the clinical course of HIV infection. The HIV/HTLV-1/2 co-infection risk higher if the patient performing the high-risk activities. This study evaluated the presentation of HTLV-1 and 2 in HIV-infected men who have sex with men with drug abused history in Surakarta Indonesia. Blood samples collected from HIV-infected men who have sex with men with drug abused history in Surakarta were tested using HTLV-1/2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and confirmed by RT-PCR nested addressed the part of HTLV-1 LTR and HTLV-2 LTR region, respectively. The specificity of the molecular assays was confirmed by sequencing the amplicons. The anti HTLV-1/2 positive rate was 17.4% (8/46). All positive serological samples were confirmed by nested RT-PCR. Of these, three was HTLV-1 positive and five was HTLV-2 positive. Molecular analysis of positive PCR products revealed that all HTLV-1 isolates had a close relationship with HTLV-1 isolated in Japan while all HTLV-2 isolates with that of isolated in the USA. HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 were detected in drug abused men who have sex with men infected with HIV in Surakarta.

  15. Human T-lymphotropic virus-1/2 detected in drug abused men who have sex with men in Surakarta Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyo, Afiono Agung; Sari, Yulia

    2017-02-01

    Human T-cell lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) are retroviruses that probably among the most neglected blood-borne pathogens. The molecular epidemiology data of HTLV-1/2 in Indonesia is very rare. This study evaluated the prevalence of HTLV-1 and 2 in men who have sex with men with drug abused history in Surakarta Indonesia, to track the presentation of HTLV-1/2 in Indonesia. All blood samples collected from men who have sex with men with drug abused history in Surakarta in 2009-2013 were tested using enzyme linked immunosorbent assays and confirmed by RT-PCR nested addressed the part of HTLV-1 LTR and HTLV-2 LTR region, respectively. The specificity of the molecular assays was confirmed by sequencing the amplicons. The anti HTLV-1/2 positive rate was 4.8% (6/126). All positive serological samples were confirmed by nested RT-PCR. Of these, two was HTLV-1 positive and four was HTLV-2 positive. Molecular analysis of positive PCR products revealed that all HTLV-1 isolate had close relationship with HTLV-1 isolated in Japan while all HTLV-2 isolate with that of isolated in USA. HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 were detected in men who have sex with men with drug abused history in Surakarta indicated that these viruses were circulated in Indonesia, especially in the high risk communities

  16. "Crossing Borders" ja valmimislootuses Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia / Malle Maltis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maltis, Malle, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    19. - 29. augustini EMTAs toimunud rahvusvahelisest suvekursusest "Crossing Borders in Interpretation of Classical Music and Jazz". Kooli välissuhete prorektor sellest projektist ja muusikaakadeemia juurdeehitusest

  17. Eesti keeleuuenduse ja itaalia "questione della lingua" paralleelid ja põimumised / Daniele Monticelli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Monticelli, Daniele, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Itaalia keele korraldamisel ja uuendamisel osalenud teadlaste ja kirjanike retoorikast, argumenteerimise strateegiatest ja keelekorralduse teoreetilistest alustest, kõrvutades neid eesti keeleuuenduse analoogsete aspektidega

  18. Palgast meil ja Saksamaal / Vello Kutsar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kutsar, Vello

    2007-01-01

    Joonised: 1. Kogu Eesti keskmine brutokuupalk III kvartalis aastatel 2000-2007 kroonides ja selle kasv protsentsides; 2. Keskmine brutokuupalk maakonniti 2006. ja 2007. a. III kvartalis (kr) ja kasv (%); 3. Brutokuupalga võrdlus (EUR); Tabelid: 1. Keskmine brutokuupalk tegevusalade lõikes 2006. ja 2007. a. III kvartalis (kr.) ja kasv protsentides; 2. Valikulisi brutokuupalga ja tarbijahinna indeksi võrdlusi. Eesti ja Saksamaa

  19. Facebook ja tietoturva

    OpenAIRE

    Konttila, Jukka

    2011-01-01

    Insinöörityössä käsiteltiin sosiaalisia medioita, joista valittiin tarkempaan tutkimukseen yksi suosituimmista, Facebook. Tavoitteena oli tutustua Facebookin perusteisiin ja tutkia mahdollisia tietoturva- sekä muita ongelmia esimerkkitapausten kautta. Esimerkkien kautta esille tuotuihin ongelmiin oli tavoitteena löytää tai selvittää ratkaisu. Työssä selvitettiin sekä käyttäjän omaan toimintaan liittyviä riskitekijöitä että sellaisia ongelmia, joihin käyttäjä ei voi vaikuttaa Facebookin tur...

  20. Pikaviestipalvelut ja suoramarkkinointi

    OpenAIRE

    Soininen, Pia

    2017-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä tavoitteena oli tutkia suomalaisten kuluttajien pikaviestikäyttäytymistä. Pikaviestipalvelut ovat tulleet kuluttajien arkielämään viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana. Pikaviestipalvelujen käyttö muokkautuu ja muuttuu digitaalisten ympäristöjen muuttumisen kanssa. Tässä opinnäytetyössä tavoitteena oli saada tuore kuva kuluttajien tämän hetken pikaviestikäyttäytymisestä. Tarkoituksena oli tuottaa ajankohtaista tietoa suomalaisesta kuluttajasta. Tutkimukset suunniteltiin niin,...

  1. Homsed disaini- ja furnituurilahendused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Müügijuht Galina Sepp 2006. a. asutatud mööbliettevõttest AIS Furniture (Advanced Interior Solutions), mille tootmistsehh asub Harjumaal Loo alevikus, salong Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 66. Toodetakse eritellimusel mööblit kööki, elu- ja vannituppa, garderoobi, büroosse ning abiruumidesse. AIS Furniture disaineritelt saab tellida kogu maja või korteri sisekujunduse koos mööbliga. Köökide tehnilised lahendused on pärit furnituuritootjatelt

  2. Daddy : Animaation Storyboard ja Animatic

    OpenAIRE

    Mustajärvi, Lilli

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni on animaation storyboard sekä sen mukainen animatic-versio, hahmojen karaktäärinen ja visuaalinen suunnittelu sekä interion suunnittelu ja toteutus. Hahmot on toteutettu piirroksina ja taustat 3D:nä. Kuvakerronta on rakennettu vaiheittain luonnoksesta viimeistellen lopulliseen muotoonsa. My graduation work is an animatic based on my storyboard. Creating characters and designing interior for the animation. Characters has been drawn traditional way and background has been crea...

  3. Liikematkustuksen ja matkatoimistopalvelujen tarpeiden kohtaaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Leppälä, Susanna

    2014-01-01

    Tässä tutkimuksessa perehdytetään liikematkailuun ja sen erityispiirteisiin matkatoimistopalvelujen näkökulmasta. Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena on tutkia matkatoimistopalvelujen ja liikematkailun kohtaamista erityisesti palvelujen käyttäjien näkökulmasta. Mitä liikematkustuksen varaajat todella arvostavat liikematkatoimiston palveluissa ja miten liikematkustuspalveluiden tulisi kehittyä jotta ne vastaisivat tulevaisuuden liikematkustajien tarpeita? Teoriaosuus koostuu liikematkailun, palvel...

  4. Dynamics of the HIV epidemic in southern China: sexual and drug-using behaviours among female sex workers and male clients in Yunnan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, J J; Smith, M K; Chu, J; Ding, G W; Chang, D F; Sharp, G B; Qian, H Z; Lu, L; Bi, A M; Wang, N

    2012-09-01

    To examine the HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related risk behaviours among community-based female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients in Yunnan Province, China, we performed a cross-sectional study of 705 FSWs and 100 male clients. We found that HIV seroprevalence among FSWs was 13.0% and the most prevalent STI was herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) (71.1%), followed by Chlamydia trachomatis (18.1%) and syphilis (8.8%). The 20% of FSWs who reported injection drug use also reported needle-sharing behaviours in the last three months. Drug-using FSWs had substantially higher HIV and HSV-2 prevalence, serviced more clients and had a longer history of sex work than non-using FSWs. In total, 57.0% of male clients did not consistently use condoms with FSWs, 2.0% reported illicit drug use and 17.0% had STI symptoms in the last year. The dual risk behaviours of drug-using FSWs and clients place them at greater risk of HIV infection. Intervention programmes must adopt comprehensive methods.

  5. Vägivald ja propaganda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    8. IV-28. V Tallinna Kunstihoones Elin Kardi, Marco Laimre, Marko Mäetamme ja Andres Tali näitus "Vägivald ja propaganda". 26. IV-7. V näituse raames emergency biennale, rahvusvaheline rändnäitus Tšetšeenia toetuseks. 27. IV Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse IV ettekannete päev "Kunstniku moraalsed valikud liberaalse demokraatia ja islami kokkupõrgetes". Esinevad Margit Sutrop, Johannes Saar, Marek Järvik, Ene-Liis Semper & Eero Epner ning näitusel "Vägivald ja propaganda" osalevad kunstnikud

  6. Muutumatud ja muutuvad / Meelis Friedenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Friedenthal, Meelis, 1973-

    2016-01-01

    Varauusaja nn. universaalsest inimesest. Aristotelese kümnest kategooriast. Ülikoolidest ja seal õpetatud distsipliinidest varauusajal. Distsipliinide ühisest eesmärgist - kuidas hästi ja õigesti elada. Teaduse ja religiooni vastandumine sai võimalikuks alles siis kui ühendteooria vahetus mehhanistliku maailmapildi vastu. Keskajal ja varauusajal oli võimalik vaimsetes asjades teatud kindlus, sest kõik asjad olid viidud ühistele alustele. Kaasaja ühiskonnaprobleemid ei ole lahendatavad ainult tehnokraatlike vahenditega

  7. Medellin ja Tallinn / Jakob Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Jakob, pseud., 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Itaalia arhitektuuri- ja disainiajakirjas "Abitare" tutvustati Kolumbia narkopealinnas Medellinis tehtud uuendusi. Sotsiaalse keskkonna analüüsist. Tallinna linnaplaneerimine kui ärihuvide kaardistamine

  8. Jalkojen ihon suojaus- ja kevennyskoulutus

    OpenAIRE

    Lokka, Maija

    2016-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on tuottaa koulutusvideo demonstraation keinoin tukemaan Mills Enterprises Ltd Oy:n tuoteviestintää jalkojenhoidon ammattilaisille, kosmetologeille sekä alan opiskelijoille. Video tuotetaan yhteistyössä viestintäalan ammattilaisten kanssa. Tavoitteena on tuottaa tiivis tietopaketti yleisimpien jalkaongelmien ennaltaehkäisyyn ja hoitoon ihon suojaus- ja kevennystuotteiden avulla. Perinnölliset ja ulkoiset tekijät voivat aiheuttaa ongelmia jalkojen iholle ja va...

  9. Omavalitsused ja hariduspoliitika / Urve Erikson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erikson, Urve, 1956-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 8. nov. lk. 2. Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor kohalike omavalitsuste kuludest kvaliteetse hariduse tagamisel ning haridusstrateegia ja maakondlike arengukavade puudumisest Eestis

  10. Leipzigi kirjandusauhind: "Sõda ja rahu" ning filosoofia ja perverssused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Leipzigi kirjandusmessi auhinna ilukirjanduse kategoorias sai austerlane Clemens J. Setz jutukogu "Die Lieber zur Zeit des Mahlstädter Kindes" ("Armastus Mahlstadti lapse ajal"). Tõlkeauhinna sai Barbara Conradi uue L. Tolstoi "Sõja ja rahu" tõlke eest ning aimekirjanduse ja esseistikaauhind läks Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitungi vastutavale toimetajale Henning Ritterile

  11. Igavesti elav ja ikka uuenev "Mees ja naine" / Mark Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis avatud rahvusvahelisel aktinäitusel saab vaadata Jean Cocteau (1889-1963), Robert Mapplethorpe'i (1946-1989), Kaarel Liimandi (1906-1941), Jan Sierhuisi, Vilmantas Marcinkeviciuse, Evald Okase, Joel Peter Witkini, Jan Saudeki ja Jean Rustini loomingut. Pikemalt J. Cocteau, J. Saudeki ja J. Rustini töödest

  12. Mineviku, oleviku ja tuleviku dünaamikast Kristjan Raua vaadetes ja tegevuses / Elo-Hanna Seljamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seljamaa, Elo-Hanna, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Kristjan Raua vaadetest ja tegevusest kaasaegsete rahvuslike ideede ja taotluste taustal, viisist mõtestada ja suhestada rahvakunsti ja kujutavat kunsti, arendades nõnda rahvuslikku kunsti ja rahvuskultuuri ning tema loomingu ja ühiskondliku tegevuse vahelistest seostest

  13. Fideo ja Vilm Pärnus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Fideo- ja Vilmifestival 2.-3. apr. Muuseumi Aidas. Margus Tiitsmaa ja Sütevaka Andrese performance'test. Jasper Zoova ja Erno Võsa installatsioonist "Eesti mehe ja naise identifitseerimise masin". Taivani kunstniku Eliza Lin'i fotoinstallatsioonist ja videost

  14. Energia ja sisekliima labor aitab parandada arhitektide ja inseneride koostööd / Hendrik Voll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voll, Hendrik, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    TTÜ ehitusteaduskonna kütte ja ventilatsiooni õppetoolis valmis energia ja sisekliima labor, mille spetsiaalsed päikesekiirguse ja hajuvalguse stendid aitavad inseneridel ja arhitektidel parandada energiasimulatsiooniprogrammide kasutusoskusi

  15. Akadeemiast ja "Akadeemiast" / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Märzi projektiruumis detsembris 2010 eksponeeritud Madis Luige kureeritud näitusest "Akadeemia", mis tegeleb Eesti Kunstiakadeemias kunstnike koolituse ja kunstnike tuleviku probleemidega. Nele Aunapi, Alver Linnamäe, Tõnu Tunneli ja Taavi Kübara töödest

  16. Budapestis ja Ungaris / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Doonau jõest, Budapesti ajaloost, linnaarhitektuurist ja kuninglikust lossist. Ungari eri piirkondade looduse, põllumajanduse ja rahva eripäradest. Trianoini rahulepinguga kaotatud maa-aladest. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 3., 5., 13. veebr. 1937, nr. 34, 36, 44

  17. Maailmavaade ja hariduseelarve / Mailis Reps

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reps, Mailis, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti hariduseelarvest, hariduskuludest ning -toetustest. Diagrammid: Avaliku sektori kogukulud haridusele, % eelarvest; Üld-, kutse- ja kõrghariduse rahastamine. Tabelid: Üld-, kutse- ja kõrghariduse rahastamise osakaal hariduskuludes; Üldhariduse rahastamise kasv kulukohtade lõikes aastail 2000-2005

  18. Punainen nainen ja kuoleman diskurssi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuuli Kataja

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelissa tarkastellaan vuoden 1918 työväenperinteessä hahmottuvaa naiskuvaa keskittyen kuolemaa käsitteleviin lauluihin ja runoihin. Aineisto koostuu arkistoaineistosta ja kirjoittajan isoisän sotilasmuistiosta.Punaiset laulut ja runot ovat luokkataistelun aseita ja jo sellaisenaan kiistävää folklorea. Niiden faattinen funktio oli motivoida yksilöt kollektiiviksi sekä ylläpitää ja vahvistaa ryhmän yhteistä ideologista identiteettiä. Niiden keskeiset teemat ovatkin juuri ideologia ja kuolema. Teemojen kautta hahmottuvat paitsi kuolemankäsitykset myös naiskuva - sekä yleinen että kuoleman kautta positioituva. Olennaista on naisen asema suhteessa sotaan.Perinteinen nainen on kuolemaan nähden objekti, poissaoleva tai etäinen. Naisen ja kuoleman ikiaikainen liitto saa rinnalleen konsensusta rikkovaa naiskuvaa, kun perinteisten hahmojen rinnalle astuu taisteleva subjekti, joka kiistää naisen roolin surun tulkkina ja passiivisena objektina. Vaikka kuoleman normia peilataan edelleen miehiseen sukupolveen, aatteen puolesta taisteltaessa veljeys on sukupuoleton käsite.

  19. Tarbekunstist ja kunstitarbest / Peep Ilmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilmet, Peep, pseud., 1948-

    2010-01-01

    4. rahvusvahelisest köitekunsti näitusest "Scripta manent" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis, näituse arengust, eesti köitekunstist, autori soovitused eesti köitekunsti rikastamiseks. Raamatu sisu kaitse ja ligipääsetavuse nõudest

  20. Fassaadikunstist ja teesklusest / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina, Hollandi ja Eesti ühistöö) : stsenarist Iiro Küttner : režissöör Antti-Jussi Annila : võitluskunstide koreograaf Yu Yan Kai : osades Tommi Eronen, Zhang Jingchu, Markku Peltola

  1. Geniaalsus ja hullumeelsus / Ly Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppel, Ly, 1943-

    2005-01-01

    Itaalia psühhiaatri ja kriminoloogi Cesare Lombroso raamatust "Geniaalsus ja hullumeelsus" (ilm. 1864), kus ta väidab, et pärilik hullumeelsus lööb geniaalsetel inimestel sagedamini välja kui kurjategijatel

  2. Kujundades ja tootes / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Uurimata disain. Tsaariaegse tööstuse eripära. Lutheri vabrik. Teised mööblivalmistajad. Ilmus sisearhitekt. Kujundatud ühiskauplus. Uued tootmisharud. Kunsttööstuskooli panus. Nahkehistöö. Langebrauni kirjatud nõud. Lorupi klaas ja kristall. Kopfi ja Tavasti metallitööd. Naiste näputööd

  3. Romaanid ja trend / Teet Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Teet, 1943-

    2003-01-01

    Romaanivõistluse parimatest: Nikolai Baturini "Kentaur", Indrek Hargla "Vabaduse kõrgeim määr" ja Enn Põldroosi "Joonik kivi"; ka äramärgitud töödest: Sass Henno "Elu algab täna", Agu Tammeveski "Kas teie olite siis teistsugune?" ja Erik Tohvri "Tants läbi rukki"

  4. Subjektiivselt ja objektiivselt / Donald Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Donald, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmide olemusest. Festivalil "DocPoint" linastuvatest mõningatest dokumentaalfilmidest - "Viinavabrik" (Rootsi, rež. Jerzy Sladkowski), "Roheline laine" (Saksamaa, rež. Ali Samadi Ahadi), "Surematuse deklaratsioon" (Poola, rež. Marcin Koszalka), "Play God" (Soome, rež. Teemu Nikki) ja "Kinshasa sümfoonia" (Saksamaa, rež. Martin Baer ja Claus Wischmann)

  5. Okupatsioon ja propaganda / Meelis Maripuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Meelis

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa massiteabevahendite infost Balti riikide ja Poola okupeerimise kohta. Alates 2005. aastast on nähtav püüe dikteerida Balti riikide ajalookäsitlusi ja välja töötada moderniseeritud Venemaa poolne kontseptsioon II maailmasõja perioodi ajaloost

  6. Valitsejad ja alamad / Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Jaan, 1941-

    2004-01-01

    Valitsevate klasside tekkimisest ühiskonnas, võimuhaaramisest ja teiste rahvaste vallutamisest. Varem ilmunud inglise k.: Rulers, parasites and feeling of national inferiority // Suomen Antropologi, 1979, nr. 1 ; eesti k.: Kaplinski, Jaan. See ja teine. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 1996

  7. Social and structural factors associated with HIV infection among female sex workers who inject drugs in the Mexico-US border region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strathdee, Steffanie A; Lozada, Remedios; Martinez, Gustavo; Vera, Alicia; Rusch, Melanie; Nguyen, Lucie; Pollini, Robin A; Uribe-Salas, Felipe; Beletsky, Leo; Patterson, Thomas L

    2011-04-25

    FSWs who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) can acquire HIV through high risk sexual and injection behaviors. We studied correlates of HIV infection among FSW-IDUs in northern Mexico, where sex work is quasi-legal and syringes can be legally obtained without a prescription. FSW-IDUs>18 years old who reported injecting drugs and recent unprotected sex with clients in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez underwent surveys and HIV/STI testing. Logistic regression identified correlates of HIV infection. Of 620 FSW-IDUs, prevalence of HIV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, trichomonas, syphilis titers ≥1:8, or any of these infections was 5.3%, 4%, 13%, 35%, 10% and 72%, respectively. Compared to other FSW-IDUs, HIV-positive women were more likely to: have syphilis titers ≥1:8 (36% vs. 9%, psocial environment (i.e., injecting drugs with clients) and policy environment (i.e., having syringes confiscated by police, attending NEPs) predominated as factors associated with risk of HIV infection, rather than individual-level risk behaviors. Interventions should target unjustified policing practices, clients' risk behaviors and HIV/STI prevention through NEPs.

  8. Eesti ja USA sõlmisid kokkuleppe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Kaitseminister Margus Tsahkna ja Ameerika Ühendriikide suursaadik Eestis James Melville allkirjastasid Eesti ja USA kaitsekoostöö kokkuleppe, mis hakkab reguleerima Eestis viibivate USA relvajõudude liikmete, nende pereliikmete ja lepinglaste õiguslikku staatust

  9. Resignatsioonis ja lootuses / Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rummo, Paul-Eerik, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Ettekanne kodu- ja väliseesti kirjanike kohtumisel Helsingi Ülikoolis 15.-16. mail 1989. Poliitikast ja kirjandusest, Nõukogude Eesti kirjandusest. Artur Alliksaare, Uku Masingu ja Kersi Merilaasi loomingust

  10. Armin Tuulse ja kirikute uurimine / Kersti Markus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markus, Kersti, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Arhitektuuri- ja kunstiajaloolase tegevusest 1930. aastate Eestis ja Teise maailmasõja järgses Rootsis. Saksa ja rootsi teadlaste vahelistest kultuuriregiooni vaidlustest. Eesti kunsti omapära otsingutest. Keskaegse sakraalkunsti uurimise meetoditest

  11. Rahvusvaheline seminar "Improvisatsioon ja spontaansus" / Mari Kolle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolle, Mari

    2003-01-01

    26.- 30. märtsini korraldab International University Global Theatre Experience Malpilsis rahvusvahelise seminari professionaalsetele tantsijatele, koreograafidele ja näitlejatele. Läbi viivad seminari psühholoog ja tantsuterapeut I. Mayore ja koreograaf S. Ostrenko

  12. Regulatiivsus ja selle sisustamise problemaatika / Triinu Rauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rauk, Triinu, 1988-

    2013-01-01

    Haldustegevuse vormidest. Haldusaktist, haldusakti andmisest keeldumise regulatiivsest olemusest ja tuvastava haldusakti regulatiivsest olemusest. Artikkel põhineb autori 2013. a. Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas kaitstud magistritööl "Haldusakti, toimingu ja menetlustoimingu eristamise kriteeriumid ja vaidlustamine halduskohtus"

  13. Traditsioonist ja uuendusest korea modernkunstis / Katrin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Katrin, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Souli galeriides ja muuseumides valitseb eeldatud kõrgtehnoloogilise kunsti asemel maalikunst. Pikemalt naiskunstnik Wook-kyung Choi (1940-1985) ja Jong-gu Lee näitustest ning soo- ja naisuuringute kongressist "Women's World 2005"

  14. Lumelinnad Kemis ja Rovaniemis / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Veebruari algul avati Soomes Rovaniemis ja Kemis lume- ja jääskulptuuri park "The Snow Show". Kuraator New Yorgi galerist Lance Fung. Osalenud kunstnikud ja arhitektid (Zaha Hadid, Juhani Pallasmaa, Anish Kapoor, Tadao Ando jt.)

  15. Filme meist ja meie ajast / Raimo Jõerand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõerand, Raimo

    2007-01-01

    EFSA filmiekspert teavitab uutest eesti tõsielufilmidest : Urmas E. Liivi "Casting" ja "Briljantroheline maja, pumbakaev ja valge laev", Andres Maimiku, Jaak Kilmi "Müümise kunst", James ja Maureen Tusty "Laulev revolutsioon"

  16. Hullumisstseenid ja kontsert-roim ooperis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Installatsioon-ooperi "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest" esietendusest 6. juulil Pärnu vanalinna põhikooli õuel ja kontserdist Toots & Friends esituses 7. ja 21. juulil Pärnu mudaravilas ja (vt.www.ooper.parnu.ee)

  17. Distsiplinaarne fotograafia ja interdistsiplinaarne kunstiparadiis / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2003-01-01

    Vastuseks H. Soansi ja A. Härmi artiklile "Mõned teravad polaroidid" (Sirp, 2003, 13. VI, lk. 17). Eesti 90-ndate ja praegune fotograafia. Fotograafia: mono- ja interdistsiplinaarne. Fototeooriate regulaarne surm

  18. Botaanikud Chamisso ja Eschscholtz Californias / Tiiu Speek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Speek, Tiiu, 1958-

    2012-01-01

    Loodusteadlaste A. von Chamisso ja J. Fr. Eschscholtzi osalemisest O. von Kotzebue ekspeditsioonidel (1815-1818 ning 1823-1826); reisidel kogutud ja kirjeldatud USA lääneosa ja California taimeliikidest ning neist koostatud herbaariumite saatusest

  19. Silmapaistev Juri Lotmani ja Zara Mintsi arhiiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikoolis paikneb rahvusvaheliselt tunnustatud semiootiku Juri Lotmani ja tema abikaasa Zara Mintsi arhiiv ja raamatukogu. Juri Lotmani poeg ja Tallinna Ülikooli Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi professor Mihhail Lotman on rahul, et arhiiv asub Eestis

  20. Sex and Drugs and Nuclear War: Secular, Developmental and Type A Influences upon Adolescents' Fears of the Nuclear Threat, AIDS and Drug Addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Robert; Lewis, Charlie

    1993-01-01

    Examined fear of nuclear war among 3,556 secondary school students. Results suggest that such concern is expressed differently according to age and sex and that subjects who expressed concern about nuclear war and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome were more likely to show significantly higher Type A identification. (Author/NB)

  1. Luonto ja seikkailu fysioterapiassa: systemoitu kirjallisuuskatsaus

    OpenAIRE

    Hevosmaa, Assi

    2016-01-01

    Luontoympäristöllä on tutkitusti myönteisiä vaikutuksia fyysiseen, psyykkiseen ja sosiaaliseen terveyteen ja hyvinvointiin. Elämykselliset ja kokemukselliset toimintamuodot on otettu käyttöön useilla eri aloilla kuten kuntoutuksessa ja terapiassa. Osallisuus ja kokemuksellisuus voivat aktivoida ja motivoida muuten passiiviset asiakkaat liikkeelle. Katsauksen taustalla oli kiinnostus laajentaa näkökulmaa erilaisista menetelmistä, joita voitaisiin hyödyntää fysioterapiassa. Olen kiinnostun...

  2. Euroopa Liidu teadus ja tehnoloogia / Lembo Tanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanning, Lembo

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Buhgalterskije Novosti, nr. 7, 2001, lk. 42-47. Euroopa Liidu teaduse ja tehnoloogia areng ja hetkeseis. Tabelid ja diagrammid: töötajate arv EL-i kõrgtehnoloogia majandusharudes ja teadusintensiivses teeninduses; EL-i regioonide uurimis-arengutöödele tehtud kulutused ning patentide arv; EL-i regioonide kõrgtehnoloogia edetabel 1997; uurimis- ja arendustöödele tehtud riiklikud kulutused SKP-st 1998; teaduse ja tehnoloogia inimressursid 1999

  3. Lugemis- ja kuulamissoovitusi lapsemeelsetele : [heliraamatud ja -plaadid lastele] / Esme Kassak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kassak, Esme

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Jancis, Kaspar. Seiklus Salamandril, ehk, Morten Viksi uskumatud juhtumised lollide laevas. Tallinn : Menu Kirjastus, 2010 ; Kivirähk, Andrus. Kaka ja kevad [Helisalvestis] / loeb Ülle Kaljuste. Tallinn ; Varrak, 2010 ; Kivirähk, Andrus. Kaelkirjak [Helisalvestis] / loeb Harriet Toompere. Tallinn : Varrak, 2010 ; Tungal, Leelo. Hea lapse laulud [Helisalvestis]. Tallinn : Nõmmelill, 2010 ; Pajusaar, Priit. Lapsed, liblikad ja teised mutukad [Helisalvestis]. Tallinn : Varrak, 2010 ; Toman, Eduard. Gena ja teised : [Helisalvestis]. Tallinn : Greenroom Studio, 2010 ; Vilmusenaho, Marika. Tuulejutu viisid [Helisalvestis] / esitavad Meero Muusiku laululapsed. I.k. : Tempo Rubato, 2009 ; Raud, Eno. Sipsik : laste unejutud / loeb Salme Reek. Tallinn : Eesti Rahvusringhääling, 2010

  4. Kuluttajansuoja valmismatkoissa ja omatoimimatkoissa : Valmismatkat ja lentomatkailu Euroopan unionin alueella

    OpenAIRE

    Hanhineva, Marjo

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä on vertailtu valmismatkojen ja omatoimimatkojen eroja kuluttajansuojan näkökulmasta. Valmismatka on etukäteen järjestetty ja yhdistettyyn hintaan tarjottu matkailupalvelujen yhdistelmä, joka sisältää kuljetuksen lisäksi majoituksen sekä usein myös muita kokonaisuuden kannalta olennaisia palveluita. Matkailupalveluiden yhdistelmää ei pidetä etukäteen järjestettynä eli valmismatkana, jos matkustaja itse omasta aloitteestaan suunnittelee ja kokoaa yhdistelmän omien toivomusten mu...

  5. Sex bias in experimental immune-mediated, drug-induced liver injury in BALB/c mice: suggested roles for Tregs, estrogen, and IL-6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joonhee Cho

    Full Text Available Immune-mediated, drug-induced liver injury (DILI triggered by drug haptens is more prevalent in women than in men. However, mechanisms responsible for this sex bias are not clear. Immune regulation by CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs and 17β-estradiol is crucial in the pathogenesis of sex bias in cancer and autoimmunity. Therefore, we investigated their role in a mouse model of immune-mediated DILI.To model DILI, we immunized BALB/c, BALB/cBy, IL-6-deficient, and castrated BALB/c mice with trifluoroacetyl chloride-haptenated liver proteins. We then measured degree of hepatitis, cytokines, antibodies, and Treg and splenocyte function.BALB/c females developed more severe hepatitis (p<0.01 and produced more pro-inflammatory hepatic cytokines and antibodies (p<0.05 than did males. Castrated males developed more severe hepatitis than did intact males (p<0.001 and females (p<0.05. Splenocytes cultured from female mice exhibited fewer Tregs (p<0.01 and higher IL-1β (p<0.01 and IL-6 (p<0.05 than did those from males. However, Treg function did not differ by sex, as evidenced by absence of sex bias in programmed death receptor-1 and responses to IL-6, anti-IL-10, anti-CD3, and anti-CD28. Diminished hepatitis in IL-6-deficient, anti-IL-6 receptor α-treated, ovariectomized, or male mice; undetectable IL-6 levels in splenocyte supernatants from ovariectomized and male mice; elevated splenic IL-6 and serum estrogen levels in castrated male mice, and IL-6 induction by 17β-estradiol in splenocytes from naïve female mice (p<0.05 suggested that 17β-estradiol may enhance sex bias through IL-6 induction, which subsequently discourages Treg survival. Treg transfer from naïve female mice to those with DILI reduced hepatitis severity and hepatic IL-6.17β-estradiol and IL-6 may act synergistically to promote sex bias in experimental DILI by reducing Tregs. Modulating Treg numbers may provide a therapeutic approach to DILI.

  6. Prevalence and Correlates of Female Condom Use and Interest Among Injection Drug-Using Female Sex Workers in Two Mexico–US Border Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Stockman, Jamila K.; Morris, Meghan D.; Martinez, Gustavo; Lozada, Remedios; Patterson, Thomas L.; Ulibarri, Monica D.; Vera, Alicia; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about female condom use among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in Northern Mexico, where HIV/STI prevalence is high. We examined the prevalence and correlates of female condom use and interest in female condom use among FSW-IDUs aged ≥18 years in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico enrolled in a behavioral intervention designed to reduce high-risk sexual and injection behaviors. Of 621 FSW-IDUs, 8 % reported ever using female condoms, and 67.2 % expressed interest ...

  7. "Kriitiline arhitektuur" ja selle vastased / George Baird

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baird, George

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika kriitilisest arhitektuurist ja uuest projektiivsest arhitektuurist, mida ei saa arendada ilma projektiivse teooria toeta. Selleta muutuks uus arhitektuur autori arvates kiiresti lihtsalt pragmaatiliseks ja lihtsalt dekoratiivseks

  8. Harmoonia Haydni ja Adamsiga / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Kontsertidel 21. dets. Pärnu kontserdimajas, 22. dets. Vanemuise kontserdimajas ja 23. dets. Estonia kontserdisaalis tulevad esitusele Joseph Haydni "Harmooniamissa" ja John Adamsi oratoorium "Harmonium"

  9. "Hariduse ja kasvatuse sõnaraamat"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helin Puksand

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available 2014. aastal ilmus viiekeelne "Hariduse ja kasvatuse sõnaraamat", milles on 4850 mõistet paljudelt hariduse ja kasvatuse aladelt: kasvatus ja areng, alusharidus, põhi- ja keskharidus, kutse- ja kõrgharidus, huviharidus, eripedagoogika, andragoogika, sotsiaalpedagoogika, didaktika, koolikorraldus, kasvatusteaduslik uurimistöö, pedagoogika ajalugu jne. Iga mõiste kohta on esitatud eesti, inglise, saksa, soome ja vene termin ning enamasti ka seletus. "Hariduse ja kasvatuse sõnaraamat" on mõeldud kõigile haridustöötajaile ja haridusvaldkonnast huvitatuile.

  10. "Detsembrikuumus", riigi tellimus ja propaganda / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Mängufilmi "Detsembrikuumus" ja teleseriaali "Tuulepealne maa" stsenarist vaidleb vastu meedias ilmunud kriitikute süüdistustele filmi tellimuslikkuses ja riiklikus propagandas ning sellest tulenevas ebaobjektiivsuses

  11. Sasha, ja gorda, tshto ja tvoi utshitel! / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    18. mail toimub Vene Draamateatris rahvusvahelist stepipäeva tähistav kontsert. Korraldajaks on Duff-tap studio, mida juhendab Aleksandr Ivashkevitsh. Kontserdil osalevad Barbara Duffy (USA) ja Vladimir Kirsanov (Venemaa)

  12. Ja ne prosto obespokojen. Ja zol / Edward Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Edward

    2007-01-01

    Autor kritiseerib Eesti valitsuse otsust teisaldada pronkssõdur Tõnismäelt ning sellele järgnenud vandaalitsemist, Venemaa käitumist Eesti Moskva suursaatkonnaga ning Euroopa Liidu, NATO ja G-7 riikide mitteadekvaatset reageeringut sellele

  13. TYTÖNTYLLERÖ JA POJANJOLPPI SUOMESSA JA VIROSSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marja Leinonen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikkel käsitleb deskriptiivset (koloratiivset nominaaltarindit eesti ja soome keeles, mille süntaktiline sõltuvussuhe on normaalsega vastupidine: atributiivne genitiiv väljendab referendi denotatiivset tähendust ja põhisõna kirjeldab seda. Kirjeldusega on tavaliselt seotud pejoratiivsed, hellitlevad või muul viisil hinnangulised nüansid. Artiklis tutvustatakse kõigepealt soome keele vastavaid uurimusi, seejärel selle artikli tarbeks kogutud materjali ning selle võrdlust indoeuroopa keelte süntaktiliselt ja semantiliselt sarnaste tarinditega. Lisaks tutvustatakse soome ja eesti keeles esinevat deskriptiivset verbaaltarindit, milles põhiverbi tähendust kannab infinitiiv, kusjuures deskriptiivverb (mida vahel nimetatakse ka ideofooniks on finiitses vormis.

  14. Kriitika ja eimiski ('Traditsioon ja pluralism') / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    1996-01-01

    Ettekanne seminaril 'Traditsioon ja pluralism I' 31. V 1996 Tallinnas. Ka Mati Undi raamatust 'Vastne argimütoloogia' (Tln. : Vagabund, 1996) Vastukaja: Unt, Mati. Sekundaarsed // Kultuurimaa. - 1996. - 25. sept. - Lk. 3

  15. Valokuva, avain osallisuuteen ja oppimiseen

    OpenAIRE

    Taavitsainen, Päivi

    2013-01-01

    Tämän toiminnallisen opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli osallisuutta lisäävää valokuvausmenetelmää ni-meltä Photovoice, sekä kuvista kerrotuttamista käyttäen suunnitella ja toteuttaa toiminnallisia tuokioita 4 – 6 vuotiaille lapsille päiväkodin lapsiryhmässä. Työssä havainnoitiin mitä ja miten lapset valokuvaavat. Lasten ottamista kuvista- ja kertomuksista etsittiin myös asioita, jotka tukisivat tutkivan oppimisen pro-sessin aloittamista, sekä arvioitiin photovoice – menetelmän käyttökelpoisuut...

  16. Sijoitusrahastojen ja sijoitussidonnaisten vakuutusten verotus

    OpenAIRE

    Niemi, Jonna

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena on sijoitusrahastojen ja sijoitussidonnaisten vakuutusten verotus sekä verotuksen tuomat edut ja riskit sijoittajalle. Sijoitusrahastojen osalta työssä kuvataan kasvurahaston osakkaan verotusta, sillä ainoastaan kasvurahastot tarjoavat sijoittajalle mahdollisuuden pitkäaikaiseen säästämiseen. Sijoitussidonnaisista vakuutuksista opinnäytetyössä käsitellään vapaaehtoinen eläkevakuutus ja sijoitusvakuutus. Opinnäytetyöllä ei ole toimeksiantajaa vaan aihe on syntynyt kirjoit...

  17. Vallankumous, machismo ja Neitsyt Maria

    OpenAIRE

    Seppälä, Maija

    2012-01-01

    Etnografinen pro gradu -tutkielma käsittelee Nicaraguan sisällissodan vaikutusta sukupuolirakenteisiin ja naisiin kohdistuvaan väkivaltaan Matagalpan kaupungissa ja sen läheisellä maaseudulla. Työssä on tarkasteltu väkivallan taustalla vaikuttavia sukupuoleen liittyviä symboleja, ideologioita sekä institutionaalisia rakenteita ja niiden yhteyksiä sisällissotaan. Tutkimuskysymyksiä ovat: miksi naisiin kohdistuva väkivalta on lisääntynyt Nicaraguan sisällissodan jälkeen, miten poliittinen konfl...

  18. Verkkokaupan rakennus ja palveluntarjoajan valinta

    OpenAIRE

    Hukkanen, Petri

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana toimii opinnäytetyön tekijä itse. Tekijän tarkoituksena on perustaa puusta valmistettuja asusteita myyvä verkkokauppa. Opinnäytetyön teoria osuuden tavoitteena oli hankkia tietoa verkkokaupan rakentamisen tärkeimmistä osa-alueista. Tutkimustavoitteena oli vertailun ja arvioinnin perusteella selvittää paras ja toimivin verkkokauppa-alusta opinnäytetyön tekijän yritykselle. Tutkimus on laadullinen tutkimus. Aineistonkeruumenetelminä ovat dokumentit ja havain...

  19. Figaro ja Taska / Maarja Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Maarja, 1959-

    2010-01-01

    Eduard Taska 120. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud Eduard Taska ja 1982. aastast Rootsis elava Marje Taska näitus "Vanaisa ja mina" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis 30. maini 2010, kuraator Anne Tiivel. Näitus "Eesti köited Prantsusmaal III" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 17. aprillini 2010. Väljas on tööd, mis osalesid 2009. a. X rahvusvahelisel köitekunstibiennaalil St. Rémy-lès Chevreuse'is, kus Euroopa Liidu poolt välja pandud peapreemia võitis Kristiina Nurk

  20. Kuljetinosuuden modernisointi ja energiatehokkuuden parantaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Peltoniemi, Jani

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli kartoittaa tölkkituotantolinjan yhden kuljetinosuuden nykytilanne ja tähän pohjautuen suunnitella yhteistyössä SEW-Eurodrive Oy:n kanssa uusi, energiatehokkaampi toteutus. Kuljetinosuudella on 19 vaihdemoottoria, joista 12 moottoria ohjataan taajuusmuuttajilla ja 7 moottoria kontaktoreilla. Teoriaosuudessa on perehdytty laitteiden tämän hetken haasteisiin ja pyritty selvittämään, mitä hyötyjä sekä säästöjä käyttöjen modernisoinnilla mahdollisesti saavutettaisiin. ...

  1. Safe sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sex; Sexually transmitted - safe sex; GC - safe sex; Gonorrhea - safe sex; Herpes - safe sex; HIV - safe sex; ... contact. STIs include: Chlamydia Genital herpes Genital warts Gonorrhea Hepatitis HIV HPV Syphilis STIs are also called ...

  2. Explaining human recreational use of 'pesticides': The neurotoxin regulation model of substance use vs. the hijack model and implications for age and sex differences in drug consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward H Hagen

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Most globally popular drugs are plant neurotoxins or their close chemical analogs. These compounds evolved to deter, not reward or reinforce, consumption. Moreover, they reliably activate virtually all toxin defense mechanisms, and are thus correctly identified by human neurophysiology as toxins. Acute drug toxicity must therefore play a more central role in drug use theory. We accordingly challenge the popular idea that the rewarding and reinforcing properties of drugs "hijack" the brain, and propose instead that the brain evolved to carefully regulate neurotoxin consumption to minimize fitness costs and maximize fitness benefits. This perspective provides a compelling explanation for the dramatic changes in substance use that occur during the transition from childhood to adulthood, and for pervasive sex differences in substance use: because nicotine and many other plant neurotoxins are teratogenic, children, and to a lesser extent women of childbearing age, evolved to avoid ingesting them. However, during the course of human evolution many adolescents and adults reaped net benefits from regulated intake of plant neurotoxins.

  3. HIV, syphilis and behavioral risk factors among men who have sex with men in a drug-using area of southwestern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guanghua, Lan; Yi, Chen; Shuai, Tang; Zhiyong, Shen; Zhenzhu, Tang; Yuhua, Ruan; Yousuf, Mohammed Adnan; Wensheng, Fan

    2018-01-01

    Abstract To assess human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), syphilis, and behavioral risk factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in southwestern China, where HIV started as a drug-driven epidemic, and shifted to mainly heterosexual transmission. These cross-sectional studies were conducted yearly in 2013, 2014, and 2015 in Guangxi, China. A total of 1,996, 1,965, and 1,697 participants were recruited in 2013, 2014, and 2015, respectively. The data included demographic and sexual behavioral variables. Other variables included individuals who used illegal drugs, and who received HIV counseling, testing, and free condoms, and peer education. Participants were tested for HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) with whole blood specimens. Questionnaires and laboratory testing data were double entered, and validated with EpiData software. The data were then transferred into SPSS software (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL) and Chi-square test performed. The prevalence of HIV was 6.6% in 2013, 8.4% in 2014, and 11.2% in 2015. The prevalence of syphilis was 9.3% in 2013, 9.8% in 2014, and 6.1% in 2015. And HCV prevalence was 0.5% in 2013 and remained stable at 0.4% in 2014, and 2015. HIV infection, and associated factors among MSM in these 3 annual cross-sectional survey showed that HIV-infected MSM were significantly, more likely, to perform unprotected anal intercourse with any commercial male partners in the past 6 months (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.50–2.20), had sex with any female partners in the past 6 months (AOR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.01–1.71), used drugs in the past (AOR = 2.73, 95% CI: 1.30–5.71), and are syphilis infected (AOR = 3.53, 95% CI: 2.77–4.49). There is an urgent need for intervention strategies like condom distribution, HIV counseling, free testing, and education regarding safe sex, HIV, and other sex-related diseases in Guangxi to curb, and prevent HIV among MSM. PMID:29668597

  4. Clinical and economic consequences of treating patients with peripheral neuropathic pain with brand name or generic drugs in routine clinical practice: The effects of age and sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Artieda, R; Rejas-Gutiérrez, J; Pérez-Paramo, M; Sicras-Mainar, A

    2018-04-01

    We aimed to analyse the effects of age and sex on pain and cost for patients with chronic peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) who have started treatment with brand name gabapentin versus generic gabapentin (EFG). We conducted a retrospective multicentre study using electronic medical records (EMR) for patients of both sexes, older than 18, who began treatment with brand name or generic gabapentin. Adherence (medication possession ratio [MPR]), persistence, use of healthcare resources, cost, and pain reduction were measured for one year. We analysed 1369 EMRs [61.1% women; mean age 64.6 (15.9), 52.4%≥65 years]; 400 used brand name drugs while 969 used generic gabapentin. Persistence and adherence were higher in patients using brand name gabapentin (7.3 vs 6.3 months, Pbrand-name gabapentin in both age groups (brand treatment showed greater pain relief: 13.5% (10.9-16.2) and 10.8% (8.2-13.5) in brand name medication showed greater persistence and adherence to treatment than those taking generic drugs. Brand name treatment also involved lower healthcare costs, and greater pain relief. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Auhindu jagati filmidele ja fotodele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Läänemaa keskkonnateenistuse auhinnad Matsalu IV Loodusfilmide Festivalist osavõtnuile lähtusid tänavuse looduskaitsekuu teemast "Rand ja kallas". Eriauhinna sai Jacquie Cozens'i film "Hallhülged - elu noateral"

  6. Swissair : lugu strateegilistest ja juhtimisvigadest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Üldjuhtimise ja strateegiavigadest Shveitsi lennukompanii Swissair näitel. Tabelid. Kommenteerib Peter Morell. Vt. samas: MicroLinki juhtidel peab olema paks nahk; Eesti Energia uurib alluvate suhtumist juhtidesse

  7. Kamina valik : disain ja funktsionaalsus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kaminasalongi Tulering juht Hanno Tammvere salongis pakutavatest Belgia firmas Stuv ja Poola firmas Hadjuk kaminatest. Salong teeb koostööd eesti sisearhitektidega (14 nime), tellida saab kamina projekteerimisest paigaldamiseni

  8. Sakslased ja venelased vahetavad trofeekunsti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Breemeni linna ametnikud on otsustanud tagastada Venemaale Tsarskoje Selo kuulsast Merevaigutoast pärineva mosaiigi. Saksamaa saab tagasi 101 graafilist lehte ja akvarelli. Kunstikogu kadus Breemeni muuseumist 1945. a.

  9. Internet ja emakeel / Indrek Tart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tart, Indrek

    2003-01-01

    Internet on või(s)tlustanner, kus tähendusrikkalt toimimiseks erinevad kultuurid pingutusi teevad. Efektiivne ja paratamatu on omakeelse-emakeelse vahendkonna loomine veebis tegutsemiseks, sest selleta arenenud kirjakultuuriga riike on raske ette kujutada

  10. Pluss ja miinus / Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alla, Hendrik, 1976-

    1998-01-01

    Jõuluteemalistest ja jõuluvanalistest arvutireklaamidest. Halb: MicroLink (idee: MicroLink, teostus: Division) 'Arreteeriti jõuluvana!', Assert (Limit Reklaam) 'Viktor (57), näärivana'. Parem: PCT (Snaiper) 'Sa ju lubasid...'.

  11. Inimesed ja mesilased / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2005-01-01

    Nukufilm "Gene+ratio" : stsenarist, kunstnik ja režissöör Mait Laas : konsultant Paavo Matsin : operaatorid Ragnar Neljandi, Raivo Möllits : helilooja Tiit Kikas : Nukufilm OÜ - Icon Film (Saksamaa) 2005

  12. Kremlisse ja Kremlis / Enn Tõugu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõugu, Enn, 1935-

    2016-01-01

    Tallinna Inseneride Majast. Autor jutustab oma teest Kremlisse ehk kuidas ta saadikuks sai, Andrei Sahharovist, MRP materjalide levitamisest. Nõukogude Liidu Ülemnõukogu transpordi, Side ja informaatika komisjonist. Ševardnadze kõnest 1990. aasta detsembris

  13. Fraternitas ja vendlus / Artur Taska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taska, Artur, 1912-1994

    1981-01-01

    Sõnade "frater" ja "fraternitas" ajaloost ning nendega seotud mõistetest Tartu Ülikooli juures tegutsenud üliõpilasorganisatsioonides. Ilmunud ka: Taska, Artur. Mõtteid maisel matkal. Lund, 1990, lk. 58-66

  14. "Ja govorju : iskusstvo!" / Anastasia Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Anastasia

    2006-01-01

    Tartu kunstikuu 2006 avamisest ja üritustest. Peakorraldajaks on Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, üldjuht Katrin Ruus. Kunstikuu staabiks on Tartu vana kaubamaja. Raeplatsil avati Kirke Kangro valmistatud jääskulptuur

  15. Noored ja oreoolid / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Köler Prize'i nominentide näitus Eesti Kaasaegse Kunsti Muuseumis 12. juunini 2011. Köler Prize'i sai skulptor ja installatsioonikunstnik Jevgeni Zolotko, publikupreemia maalikunstnik Tõnis Saadoja. Eesti Kunstiakadeemia noore kunstniku preemia pälvis vabade kunstide teaduskonna bakalaureusetaseme lõpetajatest skulptor Ulla Juske, magistritaseme lõpetajatest maalikunstnik Kristi Kongi ja vabakunstnik Eva Labotkin. Premeeritute loomingust

  16. Uuskasutus ja kompromissid / Triin Talk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talk, Triin

    2015-01-01

    Ajalooliste hoonete kasutuses hoidmisest, neile uue funktsiooni andmisest. Vana-Võidu mõisa karjakastellist, mis kohandati Viljandi Kutseõppekeskuse õppehooneks. OÜ Paalakalda korrastatud Pajusi mõisa kuivatist. Väimela mõisa lauta rajatud Võrumaa Kutsehariduskeskuse puidutöötlemise ja mööblitootmise kompetentsikeskusest. Mooste mõisa meiereisse rajatud tervisekeskusest. Olustvere mõisakompleksi meiereisse rajatud Olustvere Teenindus- ja Maamajanduskooli meemajast

  17. Protecting the unprotected: mixed-method research on drug use, sex work and rights in Pakistan's fight against HIV/AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayhew, S; Collumbien, M; Qureshi, A; Platt, L; Rafiq, N; Faisel, A; Lalji, N; Hawkes, S

    2009-04-01

    To investigate the nature and extent of human rights abuses against three vulnerable groups (injecting drug users (IDUs) and male and female sex workers), to understand the social and sexual linkages between them and to examine how protecting their rights could enhance the impact of HIV prevention policies. In-depth interviews were carried out with 38 high-risk respondents (IDUs and female, male and transgender sex workers) and a bio-behavioural survey was performed of 813 IDU/sex worker respondents in Rawalpindi. People in all vulnerable groups interacted both sexually and socially. All groups experienced human rights abuses by state and non-state actors which increased their HIV risk. Non-state actors, including relations and sex worker clients, are responsible for verbal, physical and sexual violence. State actors (particularly police) perpetrate harassment, exploitation and abuse of all vulnerable groups with impunity. Health service providers fail to provide adequate services for vulnerable groups. High levels of discrimination and abuse of human dignity of all groups studied were revealed. This violates their physical and mental integrity and also leads to an increased risk of HIV. The sexual and social interactions between groups mean that human rights abuses experienced by one high-risk group can increase the risk of HIV both for them and other groups. The protection of human rights needs to become an integral part of a multisector response to the risk of HIV/AIDS by state and non-state agencies. The Government of Pakistan should work at both legal and programme levels to protect the rights of, and minimise discrimination against, groups vulnerable to HIV in order to reduce the potential for the spread of HIV before the epidemic takes hold.

  18. Moostes taas mõtte- ja kunstitalgud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    17. ja 18. VIII lõpetatakse Moostes teised "Postsovkhozi" mõtte- ja keskkonnakunsti talgud "Kihid". Organiseerijad Evelyn Müürsepp ja Maia Möller. Moostes nädal aega elanud ja loonud kunstnikud. Seminari kavast, esinejatest, filmiprogrammist

  19. Viisakus ja selle tajumine tekstiliigiti / Katrin Rikberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rikberg, Katrin

    2009-01-01

    Artikkel tutvustab keelesuhtluse viisakuse kultuuriomaseid mõisteid ja nende seoseid asjakohasusega ning keskendub ametlikule viisakusele ja vestluskäitumisele. Küsimustiku abil läbi viidud taju-uuringust, mille eesmärk oli võrrelda tekstide vastuvõtu erinevaid külgi, et saada teada, mida ja miks peetakse eesti kultuuriruumis viisakaks ja asjakohaseks

  20. Eestlanna, jaapanlanna ja tantsivad kehad / Keiu Virro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virro, Keiu, 1987-

    2010-01-01

    Koreograafid-tantsijad Külli Roosna ja Anna esitavad Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis ja Tartus Genialistide klubis oma soolo-tantsuetenduse, milles ühinevad Ida ja Lääs. Läänt esindab Külli Roosna (Eesti) "Circle Through" ja Ida esindab Anna (Jaapan) "Busu". Organisaatoriks on Sõltumatu Tantsu Ühendus

  1. Kleenexi ja Tampaxi pojad / Urmas Petti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petti, Urmas, 1965-2016

    2013-01-01

    Laste ja noorte kasvamisest ja kasvatamisest tänapäeval, nende hakkamasaamisest üha keerulisemaks muutuvas ühiskonnas; autor tsiteerib Jaak Jõerüüti (romaan "Muutlik" 2010) ja kommenteerib argentiina kirjanikku Julio Cortázar'i ja briti kolumnisti võrdlevas usuteaduses Karen Armstrongi (raamat "Jumala ajalugu", orig. "A History of God" 1993)

  2. Esma Auto ja Mazda on loodud kestma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade olulisematest sündmustest Esma Auto kümne tegevusaasta jooksul. Kommenteerivad Tarmo Järvoja, Mart Laar ja Enn Sau. Diagrammid ja skeemid: AS Esma Auto müügi statistika läbi aastate; AS Esma Auto kasum ja klientide arv aastate lõikes; Esma Auto esindused Eestis ja pakutavad teenused

  3. SUUNTA JA MUUTOS. HAVAINTOJA VIRON JA SUOMEN LIIKEVERBEISTÄ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannu Tommola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Suund ja muutumine. Tähelepanekuid eesti ja soome liikumisverbidest. Käesolevas artiklis püütakse selgitada eesti ja soome keele kõige sagedasemate liikumisverbide polüfunktsionaalsust. Soome keele tulla vastab küll põhitähenduses eesti verbile tulema, kuid ei väljenda lahkumist – seda väljendatakse soome keeles verbiga lähteä. Samuti erinevad meie keeled inhoatiivi väljendamises: soome keele kõige tavalisem muutumisverb on tulla, eesti keeles aga saama. Soome keele verbi jäädä ja eesti keele verbi jääma on vaadeldud liikumisverbidena nende võimaliku muutuse presupositsiooni tõttu. Jääma väljendab siiski ka seisundi tekkimise tähendust. See tähendus esineb soome verbil jääda vaid idioomides. Eesti keele jääma on näide polüseemia tüübist, mida on nimetatud enantioseemiaks (ühel ja samal lekseemil on vastandtähendused. Üks läänemeresoome liikumisverbide omapära näiteid on verb käydä/käima, mis võimaldab väljendada kahesuunalist liikumist. Soome ja eesti verbide põhitähendused on sarnased, aga kõigis kasutustes käydä ja käima ei kattu, sest käydä esineb ka muutumisverbina, eesti verbil see tähendus puudub. Lõpuks käsitletakse lühidalt idiomaatilisi väljendeid, nt. tuli kuntoon / meni pieleen ning läks korda/viltu.

  4. Rappliance - palautinkisko : uudentyyppisen kuorsauksenestokojeen suunnittelu ja valmistus

    OpenAIRE

    Parikka, Teemu

    2008-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoitus on perehtyä kirjallisuuskatsauksen avulla uniapneakiskoihin ja lopuksi suunnitellaan ja tehdään uudenlainen koje, joka on toimiva, miellyttävä käyttää ja edullinen valmistaa. Työssä selvitetään myös millä periaatteella kuorsauksenestokojeet toimivat ja millainen vaikutus niillä on potilaaseen ja uniapneaan. Työn tavoite on parantaa hammasteknikoiden ja hammaslääkäreiden tietämystä uniapneakiskoista, niiden valmistuksesta, toiminnasta ja siitä miksi niitä tarvitaan. ...

  5. Dynamically observing the value of the changes of serum sex hormone levels of early pregnancy after drug-induced abortion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Honggang; Dong Hua; Gu Yan; Zhang Zuncheng

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To observe the value of the changes of serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG), estradiol (E), progesterone (P) Levels of early pregnancy after drug-induced abortion dynamically. Methods: Assessing 55 women proved pregnant by urine or blood HCG retrospecticly, who had terminated their pregnancy by mifepristonr and misoprostol. Meanwhile the serum levels of β-HCG, E, P were monitored dynamically. Results: Among the 55 patients, the levels of β-HCG, E and P had significant decreased (t β-HCG =4.845, t E =7.655, t P =11.390, P E =9.089, P P =2.910, P<0.05). Conclusion: Detectint the serum hormone's levels after drug-induced abortion by chemiluminescent immunoassay, we can assess indirectly the value of administration of mifepristone and misoprostol, predict the prolonged vaginal bleeding after drug-induced abortion, and the outcome of the treatment, which determine wether need another curestage. (authors)

  6. Launeen keskuspuiston visuaalinen ilme ja infografiikka

    OpenAIRE

    Virtanen, Jenni

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena on suunnitella Launeen keskuspuistolle visuaalinen ilme ja sitä noudattavat sovellukset. Visuaaliseen ilmeen suunnitteluun kuuluu logon, typografian ja tunnusvärien suunnittelu. Sovelluksissa painotan erityisesti informatiivisia sovelluksia, kuten opastejärjestelmää, aluekarttaa ja infotaulun asettelua. Itse työ on konseptisuunnitelma. Opinnäytetyötäni varten olen tutkinut suomalaisia teema- ja kaupunkipuistoja ja niiden visuaalisia ilmeitä. Painotin tutkimuksessani e...

  7. Lojaalsed kliendid ja suhete loomine / Katrin Aedma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedma, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Teenindust käsitlevate raamatute tutvustus. Seth Godini "Nõusolekuturundus: kuidas muuta võõraid sõpradeks ja sõpru klientideks", Kaj Storbacka ja Jarmo R. Lehtineni "Klientsuse reeglid või tants klientide pilli järgi" ja Frederick F. Reichheldi "Lojaalsuse reeglid. Kuidas edukad juhid loovad kestvaid töö- ja kliendisuhteid". Lisad: Eksimused ja surmapatud teeninduses!; Sellest, mida sa tead, pole kasu, kui sa seda ei kasuta!

  8. Integroitu projektitoimitus lisä- ja korjausrakentamisessa

    OpenAIRE

    Söderström, P. (Pia)

    2013-01-01

    Tiivistelmä Työn tarkoituksena on tarkastella toimijoiden integroinnin mahdollisuuksia lisä- ja korjausrakennushankkeissa. Työssä selvitetään, mitä toimijoita sekä miten ja milloin toimijat tulisi ottaa mukaan hankkeeseen, jotta hanketta voitaisiin optimoida kokonaisuutena ja sitä kautta taata parempi toimijoiden tyytyväisyys ja projektin arvontuottokyky. Työssä luodaan perusta lisä- ja korjausrakentamisen hankkeiden tehokk...

  9. Diabetesta sairastavan alaraajahaavapotilaan elintavat ja omaseuranta

    OpenAIRE

    Jaatinen, Noora

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tutkimuksella oli tarkoitus kuvata alaraajahaavaa sairastavien diabeetikoiden omaseurannan ja elintapojen toteutumista. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli tuottaa tietoa alaraajahaavaa sairastavien diabeetikoiden elintavoista ja omaseurannan toteutumisesta haavahoitajille ja jalkatyöryhmälle. Näin he voivat tarttua tutkimuksessa ilmi tulleisiin puutteellisiin kohtiin ja sen myötä ohjata potilasta parempiin elintapoihin sekä kannustaa tunnollisempaan ja parempaan omaseurantaan vas...

  10. Reductions in HIV/STI Incidence and Sharing of Injection Equipment among Female Sex Workers Who Inject Drugs: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strathdee, Steffanie A.; Abramovitz, Daniela; Lozada, Remedios; Martinez, Gustavo; Rangel, Maria Gudelia; Vera, Alicia; Staines, Hugo; Magis-Rodriguez, Carlos; Patterson, Thomas L.

    2013-01-01

    Background We evaluated brief combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico during 2008–2010, when harm reduction coverage was expanding rapidly in Tijuana, but less so in Juarez. Methods FSW-IDUs ≥18 years reporting sharing injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients within the last month participated in a randomized factorial trial comparing four brief, single-session conditions combining either an interactive or didactic version of a sexual risk intervention to promote safer sex in the context of drug use, and an injection risk intervention to reduce sharing of needles/injection paraphernalia. Women underwent quarterly interviews and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Trichomonas, blinding interviewers and assessors to assignment. Poisson regression with robust variance estimation and repeated measures ordinal logistic regression examined effects on combined HIV/STI incidence and receptive needle sharing frequency. Findings Of 584 initially HIV-negative FSW-IDUs, retention was ≥90%. After 12 months, HIV/STI incidence decreased >50% in the interactive vs. didactic sex intervention (Tijuana:AdjRR:0.38,95% CI:0.16–0.89; Juarez: AdjRR:0.44,95% CI:0.19–0.99). In Juarez, women receiving interactive vs. didactic injection risk interventions decreased receptive needle-sharing by 85% vs. 71%, respectively (p = 0.04); in Tijuana, receptive needle sharing declined by 95%, but was similar in active versus didactic groups. Tijuana women reported significant increases in access to syringes and condoms, but Juarez women did not. Interpretation After 12 months in both cities, the interactive sexual risk intervention significantly reduced HIV/STI incidence. Expanding free access to sterile syringes coupled with brief, didactic education on safer injection was necessary and sufficient for achieving robust, sustained

  11. HIV prevention through drugs and sex education in junior high schools in Bandung West Java: the teachers' perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinduan, Zahrotur R; Riyanti, Eka; Tasya, Irma A; Pohan, Mawar N; Sumintardja, Elmira N; Astuti, Sri R; Jabar, Bambang A; Pinxten, Lucas Wj; Hospers, Harm J

    2009-07-01

    to explore the teacher perspective on needs (in terms of knowledge, skills and curriculum content), attitudes, beliefs and self-efficacy related to teaching and implementation of a reproductive health (RH)/drug education (DE) program at their own junior high school. one hundred and thirty-three teachers participated in a survey, from February to April 2009, measuring: socio demographic, behavioral intention, perceived behavior control, content knowledge, school climate, reproductive health knowledge and school drug education. all teachers had a high intention to teach RH and DE, especially the younger RH teachers had a high intention to teach about teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. DE teachers had a high intention facts/effects of drugs, first-time drug use dealing with peer pressure. Perceived beliefs of teachers, parents, school management and perceived self-efficacy were strong predictors for the intention of RH teaching and DE. the high intention of the RH and DE teacher offers a great opportunity to build and implement a DE and RH curriculum in junior high school. Before a curriculum is developed and implemented there is a need to assess and strengthen the teacher's skills and effectiveness in teaching RH and DE.

  12. Suurkiskja- ja kotkakahju ennetamise meetmed Eesti ja Soome saartel ning rannikualadel / T. Otstavel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otstavel, Teet, 1964-

    2013-01-01

    Uuring käsitleb Eesti ja Soome rannikualade ja saarte loomakasvatajate võimalusi suurendada karjamaadel kaitset suurkiskjate ja merikotkaste vastu ning kasutada suurkiskjate rünnakute ennetamise meetmeid, eelkõige karjavalvekoeri

  13. Kuuntele ja osallistu - Sosiaalinen media myynnin ja markkinoinnin tukena

    OpenAIRE

    Lönnblad, Hanna

    2010-01-01

    Sosiaalinen media on tullut jäädäkseen. Viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana IRC-Gallerian, Habbo Hotelin ja Facebookin kaltaiset palvelut ovat omineet itselleen kasvavan osan nykyihmisen ajankäytöstä niin töissä, kouluissa kuin vapaa-ajalla. Sosiaalisen median palveluita pidetään teinien leikkipaikkoina, mutta tosiasiassa uusi media tarjoaa rajattomasti potentiaalia myös yritystoiminnan kehittämiseen ja kasvattamiseen kaiken-kokoisille yrityksille. Virtuaalista maailmaa ei tule väheksyä. Opi...

  14. Viestintäverkkojen ja -palveluiden toimivuuden ja tietoturvallisuuden häiriönhallinta

    OpenAIRE

    Paananen, Rauli

    2017-01-01

    Yhteiskunnassa on käynnissä voimakas kaiken mahdollisen digitalisoiminen ja esimerkiksi kaikkia viranomaisia koskee velvollisuus sähköistää keskeiset palvelunsa kuluttajien saataville. Sähköinen asiointi, palveluiden kasvava määrä ja kuluttajien siirtyminen mobiili- ja verkkopalveluihin luo markkinoille uusia innovaatioita ja tuo kansalaisille arjen sujuvuutta hoitaa päivittäisiä asioitaan, ajasta ja paikasta riippumatta. Toisaalta yhteiskunnan toimivuus on entistä haavoittuvampi ja alttiimpi...

  15. Ühe suve akvarellid / Evelin Samuel ja Liina Hergauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Samuel, Evelin, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Roosanupuline kampsun, idee ja teostus Evelin Samuel. Vanaroosa pluus ja barett, idee ja teostus Ruta Tännav. Mohäärlõngast topp, idee ja teostus Anna Verschik. Linane topp, idee ja teostus Liina Hergauk. Pitsmustritega mohäärkleit, idee ja teostus Ruta Tännav. Puuvillane topp, idee ja teostus Anna Verschik

  16. Prenatal stress alters progestogens to mediate susceptibility to sex-typical, stress-sensitive disorders, such as drug abuse: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheryl A Frye

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Maternal-offspring interactions begin prior to birth. Experiences of the mother during gestation play a powerful role in determining the developmental programming of the central nervous system. In particular, stress during gestation alters developmental programming of the offspring resulting in susceptibility to sex-typical and stress-sensitive neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. However, neither these effects, nor the underlying mechanisms, are well understood. Our hypothesis is that allopregnanolone, during gestation, plays a particularly vital role in mitigating effects of stress on the developing fetus and may mediate, in part, alterations apparent throughout the lifespan. Specifically, altered balance between glucocorticoids and progestogens during critical periods of development (stemming from psychological, immunological, and/or endocrinological stressors during gestation may permanently influence behavior, brain morphology, and/or neuroendocrine-sensitive processes. 5α-reduced progestogens are integral in the developmental programming of sex-typical, stress-sensitive, and/or disorder-relevant phenotypes. Prenatal stress may alter these responses and dysregulate allopregnanolone and its normative effects on stress axis function. As an example of a neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric and/or neurodegenerative process, this review focuses on responsiveness to drugs of abuse, which is sensitive to prenatal stress and progestogen milieu. This review explores the notion that allopregnanolone may effect, or be influenced by, prenatal stress, with consequences for neurodevelopmental-, neuropsychiatric- and/or neurodegenerative- relevant processes, such as addiction.

  17. Camp life: Are northern work camps safe havens for a migrant workforce, or dens of iniquity rampant with sex, drugs and alcohol?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laverty, K.

    2004-02-01

    Two studies, dealing with life in work camps in northern Alberta and yielding contradictory results, are discussed. One study by a graduate student in sociology found that many of the men and women housed in work camps in remote locations of the northeastern oilsands belt use drugs, alcohol and casual sex to relieve boredom and loneliness. The other study, commissioned by the Athabasca Regional Issues Working Group (RWIG) found that camp workers visit Fort McMurray on the average of just over once a week, and use that time to take care of normal business, such as visiting health care professionals, buying gasoline, clothing, etc. It found no evidence of widespread sex, or drug or alcohol abuse among work camp residents. The RWIG study surveyed 25 per cent of the 6,272 worker population living in three camps in the Wood Buffalo region during June 2003. The study prepared by V. Taylor for a M.A. degree in sociology at the University of Calgary was severely criticized, primarily for its conclusions being based on a sample size of only nine men and one woman. Despite the criticism, the Taylor study made headlines across the country and has been instrumental in raising awareness of the special needs of a mobile workforce. A more broadly-based study is in progress at the University of Alberta, supported by the RCMP and a number of workplace stakeholders. Its objectives are to examine the situation more thoroughly, identify gaps in services and to explore long term solutions to what is undeniably a serious problem, indicated, if not proven, by the Taylor study.

  18. Availability and Quality of Size Estimations of Female Sex Workers, Men Who Have Sex with Men, People Who Inject Drugs and Transgender Women in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Sabin

    Full Text Available To assess the availability and quality of population size estimations of female sex workers (FSW, men who have sex with men (MSM, people who inject drug (PWID and transgender women.Size estimation data since 2010 were retrieved from global reporting databases, Global Fund grant application documents, and the peer-reviewed and grey literature. Overall quality and availability were assessed against a defined set of criteria, including estimation methods, geographic coverage, and extrapolation approaches. Estimates were compositely categorized into 'nationally adequate', 'nationally inadequate but locally adequate', 'documented but inadequate methods', 'undocumented or untimely' and 'no data.'Of 140 countries assessed, 41 did not report any estimates since 2010. Among 99 countries with at least one estimate, 38 were categorized as having nationally adequate estimates and 30 as having nationally inadequate but locally adequate estimates. Multiplier, capture-recapture, census and enumeration, and programmatic mapping were the most commonly used methods. Most countries relied on only one estimate for a given population while about half of all reports included national estimates. A variety of approaches were applied to extrapolate from sites-level numbers to national estimates in two-thirds of countries.Size estimates for FSW, MSM, PWID and transgender women are increasingly available but quality varies widely. The different approaches present challenges for data use in design, implementation and evaluation of programs for these populations in half of the countries assessed. Guidance should be further developed to recommend: a applying multiple estimation methods; b estimating size for a minimum number of sites; and, c documenting extrapolation approaches.

  19. Happening'id ja disain - visioon kunsti ja elu terviklikkusest / Mari Laanemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemets, Mari, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Analüüsitakse kunsti ja disaini vahelist suhet 1970. aastatel esile kerkinud uue kunstikäsitluse ja kunstilise tegevuse ümbermõtestamise kontekstis. Mõlemad pidid lepitama inimest reaalsusega - disain elukeskkonda ülendades, õilistades ja happening'id - elu formaalseid struktuure lõhkudes. Ka almanahhi "Kunst ja Kodu" erilisest positsioonist lääne kaasaegse kunsti ja disaini tuvustamisel (toimetajaks 1973. aastast Andres Tolts) ning rühmitusest SOUP 1969 ja nende ideoloogide - Ando Keskküla, Andres Toltsi ja Leonhard Lapini tegevusest ja mõjust

  20. Toyota Aktiivi -kampanja ja markkinointi

    OpenAIRE

    Peltola, Jouni

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli kehittää markkinointisuunnitelma Tampereella toimivalle Toyota Autotalot Oy -autoliikkeelle. Suunnittelun kohteena oli syksyllä 2014 valtakunnallisesti lanseerattu Toyota Aktiivi -huoltokampanja, jonka tarkoituksena on kasvattaa vanhempien autojen markkinaosuutta merkkihuollossa. Kampanjan ja tämän työn taustalla on Suomen ajoneuvokannan ikääntyminen, johon pyritään mukautumaan kehittämällä ja markkinoimalla uusia, kuluttajaystävällisempiä huolto-ohjelmia vanhempien ...

  1. IFRS 9 Luottotappiot ja Arvonalentumiset

    OpenAIRE

    Lanteri, Päivi

    2016-01-01

    IFRS tilinpäätös on kansainvälinen tilinpäätösstandardi, jonka mukaan julkisesti noteeratut osakeyhtiöt laativat tilinpäätöksensä. IFRS tilinpäätöksen tarkoituksena on palvella mahdollisimman hyvin sijoittajia, antaen vertailukelpoista tilinpäätösinformaatiota. IFRS tilinpäätös normisto koostuu standardeista, jotka määrittelevät taseen ja tuloslaskelman vähimmäiserittelyt. Standardeja kehittelee ja asettaa IASB (International Accounting Standards Board) yhteistyössä IFRS Foundation –organisaa...

  2. Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseum taas avatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    2. VI avati rekonstrueeritud muuseumihoone. Rekonstrueerimisprojekti autorid: Arhitektuuriagentuuri arhitekt Inga Raukas, sisearhitekt Monika Löve. Ehitustööd: Rihti Projekt. Avatud nahakunstinäitus "Järjehoidja" (kuraator Airi Ligi, kujundaja Siiri Nõva, näha saab ka nahakunsti üliõpilaste töid; filmiprogramm: Maya Yonesho "Üks uks", "Ecce libri" Pille Kivihallist, Tiina Piisangust ja Maarja Unduskist) ja rahvusvaheline köitekunstinäitus "Scripta manent III. Maailma parim asi", kujundaja Lennart Mänd

  3. Harrasta terveellisesti ja turvallisesti itsepuolustuslajeja

    OpenAIRE

    Bäckström, Daniela; Arras, Pia

    2012-01-01

    TIIVISTELMÄ Arras, Pia & Bäckström, Daniela. Harrasta terveellisesti ja turvallisesti itsepuolustuslajeja. Helsinki, syksy 2012, 45 s., 2 liitettä. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak Etelä Helsinki. Hoitotyön koulutusohjelma, sairaanhoitaja (AMK). Opinnäytetyö käynnistettiin Helsingin itsepuolustuskoulun kanssa. Yhteisen hankkeen taustalla ovat samat mielenkiinnon kohteet ja havaittu tarve ensiaputaitojen kehittämiseen. Työelämälähtöisen opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tuottaa käytännölli...

  4. Odoon lomakkeiden ja raporttien kustomointi

    OpenAIRE

    Pensasmaa, Tapio

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää, miten avoimeen lähdekoodiin perustuvan Odoo-yritysohjelmiston lomakkeita sekä tarjouksissa ja laskuissa käytettäviä raporttipohjia voidaan kustomoida vastaamaan työn toimeksiantajan EM Systems Oy:n asiakkaiden tarpeita. Työssä perehdyttiin Odoon rakenteeseen ja moduulien toimintaan sekä selvitettiin Odoon kehittäjätilan ominaisuuksia. Odoon periytymismekanismit antavat mahdollisuuden tehdä moduulien avulla laajennuksia tai muutoksia muihin moduulei...

  5. Odoon ja Jaspersoft Studion integrointi

    OpenAIRE

    Iivonen, Kalle

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tehtiin toimeksiantona EM Systems Oy:lle. EM Systems Oy on turkulainen yritys, joka tekee asiakkailleen Odoo-toiminnanohjausjärjestelmäpaketteja ja muita tiedonhallinnan ratkaisuja. He halusivat selvittää kuinka helppoa ja hyödyllistä on yhdistää Jaspersoftin raportointiohjelmisto Odoo-toiminnanohjausjärjestelmän kanssa. Työ sisälsi Jaspersoft Studion, joka on raporttien suunnitteluohjelma, yhdistämisen Odoo-toiminnanohjausjärjestelmän tietokantaan. Yhdistäminen vaati PostgreS...

  6. Igal pool ja mitte kuskil / Piibe Piirma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirma, Piibe

    2006-01-01

    Võrgu- ehk netikunsti ajaloost ja arengust. Korea kunstniku Nam June Paiki, Vene kunstnike Aleksei Shulgini ja Olja Ljalina, hollandi fotograafi Joan Heemskerk'i, belgia kunstniku Dirk Paesmans'i, sloveeni kunstnike Vuk Cosic'i ja Marko Pelijhan'i, kanada kunstniku Robert Adrian X-i, saksa kunstnike Wolfgang Staehle, Rena Tangens'i ja Cornelia Sollfranki tegevusest. Šveitsi kunstirühmituse "Etoy" performance'ist "Toywar". Lühidalt eesti võrgukunstist, Mare Tralla ja Tiia Johannsoni tegevusest. Repliigid Heie Treierilt ja Raivo Kelomehelt

  7. Rakkautta ja anarkkiaa, naiset ja herrat! / Tõnu Karjatse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjatse, Tõnu

    2008-01-01

    Helsingi 21. festivalist "Armastus ja Anarhia" ning Eesti filmi osast sellel. Vaatajahääletuse võitis Jordaania "Captain Abu Raed" (režii Amin Matalqa). Teisi huvitavaid filme - Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kolm ahvi", Sergei Dvortsevoi "Tulpan", Mamoru Oshii "Skycrawlers"

  8. BBC ja HBO taaselustasid Rooma viletsuse ja hiilguse / Brigitta Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Brigitta, 1983-

    2005-01-01

    12-osaline ajalooline kostüümidraama - seriaali Rooma impeeriumi ajast "Rooma" tootsid Ameerika tootja Home Box Office (HBO) ja inglaste BBC. Esimest osa "Varastatud kotkas" näitas HBO 28. augustil. Kolme esimese osa režissöör on Michael Apted, stsenaariumi eest vastutab Bruno Heller

  9. Alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use amongst same-sex attracted women: results from the Western Australian Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Health and Well-Being Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McManus Alexandra

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use has been reported to be higher amongst lesbian and bisexual women (LBW than their heterosexual counterparts. However, few studies have been conducted with this population in Australia and rates that have been reported vary considerably. Methods A self-completed questionnaire exploring a range of health issues was administered to 917 women aged 15-65 years (median 34 years living in Western Australia, who identified as lesbian or bisexual, or reported having sex with another woman. Participants were recruited from a range of settings, including Perth Pride Festival events (67.0%, n = 615, online (13.2%, n = 121, at gay bars and nightclubs (12.9%, n = 118, and through community groups (6.9%, n = 63. Results were compared against available state and national surveillance data. Results LBW reported consuming alcohol more frequently and in greater quantities than women in the general population. A quarter of LBW (25.7%, n = 236 exceeded national alcohol guidelines by consuming more than four standard drinks on a single occasion, once a week or more. However, only 6.8% (n = 62 described themselves as a heavy drinker, suggesting that exceeding national alcohol guidelines may be a normalised behaviour amongst LBW. Of the 876 women who provided data on tobacco use, 28.1% (n = 246 were smokers, nearly double the rate in the female population as a whole. One third of the sample (33.6%, n = 308 reported use of an illicit drug in the previous six months. The illicit drugs most commonly reported were cannabis (26.4%, n = 242, meth/amphetamine (18.6%, n = 171, and ecstasy (17.9%, n = 164. Injecting drug use was reported by 3.5% (n = 32 of participants. Conclusion LBW appear to use alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs at higher rates than women generally, indicating that mainstream health promotion messages are not reaching this group or are not perceived as relevant. There is an urgent

  10. Ostujõu pariteedid ja tegelikud kulutused / Viktoria Trasanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trasanov, Viktoria

    1996-01-01

    Ostujõud: pariteedid ja vahetuskursid. Kulutuste klassifikatsioonid: ICP ja SNA. EKS ja GK agregeerimismeetod. Euroopa 1993.a. Võrdlusprogrammi (ECP'93) struktuur. Võrdlusprogrammi korraldamine Balti grupis

  11. Patterns of Mood and Personality Factors and Associations With STI/HIV-Related Drug and Sex Risk Among African American Male Inmates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheidell, Joy D; Lejuez, Carl W; Golin, Carol E; Adimora, Adaora A; Wohl, David A; Keen, Larry D; Hammond, Michael; Judon-Monk, Selena; Khan, Maria R

    2017-06-07

    Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk. Approximately 15% had ASPD and 39% reported depression. Controlling for sociodemographics, stress, and depression, ASPD was independently associated with illicit [AOR = 3.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.18-8.87] and injection drug use (AOR: 5.49, 95% CI: 1.23-24.42) but not with sexual risk. LCAs suggested that those at high risk of ASPD were likely to experience co-morbid mental disorders. ASPD comorbid with these disorders was linked to drug and sex risk. STI/HIV prevention for inmates should incorporate diagnosis and treatment of ASPD and comorbid disorders, and interventions to address ASPD-related factors (e.g., impulsivity) that drive STI/HIV risk.

  12. Patterns of Mood and Personality Factors and Associations With STI/HIV-Related Drug and Sex Risk Among African American Male Inmates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheidell, Joy D.; Lejuez, Carl W.; Golin, Carol E.; Adimora, Adaora A.; Wohl, David A.; Keen, Larry D.; Hammond, Michael; Judon-Monk, Selena; Khan, Maria R.

    2018-01-01

    Background Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. Methods We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n= 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk. Results Approximately 15% had ASPD and 39% reported depression. Controlling for sociodemographics, stress, and depression, ASPD was independently associated with illicit [AOR=3.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.18–8.87] and injection drug use (AOR: 5.49, 95% CI: 1.23–24.42) but not with sexual risk. LCAs suggested that those at high risk of ASPD were likely to experience co-morbid mental disorders. ASPD comorbid with these disorders was linked to drug and sex risk. Conclusions STI/HIV prevention for inmates should incorporate diagnosis and treatment of ASPD and comorbid disorders, and interventions to address ASPD-related factors (e.g., impulsivity) that drive STI/HIV risk. PMID:28426364

  13. Comparison of Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview and Face-To-Face Interview Methods in Eliciting HIV-Related Risks among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Men Who Inject Drugs in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Adebajo, Sylvia; Obianwu, Otibho; Eluwa, George; Vu, Lung; Oginni, Ayo; Tun, Waimar; Sheehy, Meredith; Ahonsi, Babatunde; Bashorun, Adebobola; Idogho, Omokhudu; Karlyn, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Face-to-face (FTF) interviews are the most frequently used means of obtaining information on sexual and drug injecting behaviours from men who have sex with men (MSM) and men who inject drugs (MWID). However, accurate information on these behaviours may be difficult to elicit because of sociocultural hostility towards these populations and the criminalization associated with these behaviours. Audio computer assisted self-interview (ACASI) is an interviewing technique that may mi...

  14. Trends in oral anti-osteoporosis drug prescription in the United Kingdom between 1990 and 2012: Variation by age, sex, geographic location and ethnicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Velde, R Y; Wyers, C E; Teesselink, E; Geusens, P P M M; van den Bergh, J P W; de Vries, F; Cooper, C; Harvey, N C; van Staa, T P

    2017-01-01

    Given the expected increase in the number of patients with osteoporosis and fragility fractures it is important to have concise information on trends in prescription rates of anti-osteoporosis drugs (AOD). We undertook a retrospective observational study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) in the UK between 1990 and 2012 in subjects 50years or older, stratified by age, sex, geographic region and ethnicity. Yearly prescription incidence rates of any AOD and of each specific AOD were calculated as the number of patients first prescribed these AODs per 10,000person-years (py). In women, yearly rates of first prescription of any AOD increased from 1990 to 2006 (from 2.3 to 169.7 per 10,000py), followed by a plateau and a 12% decrease in the last three years. In men, a less steep increase from 1990 to 2007 (from 1.4 to 45.3 per 10,000py) was followed by a plateau from 2008 onwards. Yearly rates of first prescription of any AOD increased up to the age of 85-89years (248.9 per 10,000py in women and 119.3 in men). There were marked differences between ethnic groups and regions. Bisphosphonates were the most frequently prescribed AODs: etidronate till 2000, and then subsequently alendronate. We have demonstrated marked secular changes in rates of anti-osteoporosis drug prescription over the last two decades. The plateau (and decrease amongst women) in rates in recent years, set against an ever ageing population, is worrying, suggesting that the well-documented care gap in osteoporosis treatment persists. The differences in prescription rates by geographic location and ethnicity raise intriguing questions in relation to underlying fracture rates, provision of care and health behaviour. We studied the prescription incidence of anti-osteoporosis drugs (AOD) from 1990 to 2012 in the UK CPRD. Overall AOD prescription incidence showed a strong increase from 1990 to 2006, followed by a plateau in both sexes and a decrease amongst women in the last three years

  15. Kafka ja kevad / Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirkel, Mati, 1949-

    2011-01-01

    Artiklis arutletakse peamiselt Franz Kafka loomingust lähtuvalt kirjandusklassika ja väärtkirjanduse rollist/võimalustest ühiskonnas. Näib olevat paradoks, et kirjandus täidab oma ühiskondlikku rolli kõige paremini siis, kui tal on suukorv peas

  16. Uudishimu ja juhuslikkus / Kristina Tischler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tischler, Kristina

    2010-01-01

    Fotonäitus "Curious abot the world" ("Uudishimulik") Tallinnas Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 3. veebruarini 2010. Lea Tomsoni (kuraator, Eesti), Roxanne Brousseau-Felio (Kanada) ja Takaki Hashimoto (Jaapan) töödest ning näitust saatvast Gerhard Locki (Saksamaa/Eesti) loodud muusikast

  17. Idapiir ja ajalugu / Anti Selart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selart, Anti, 1973-

    2000-01-01

    Narva jõgi esineb Eesti ala idapiirina allikates juba 13. sajandil ja Setumaa ongi kujunenud omanäoliseks etnilis-kultuuriliseks piirkonnaks tänu sellele, et on läbi aegade kuulunud Pihkva vürstiriiki või kubermangu

  18. Maslow' vajaduste hierarhia ja motivatsioon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kui töökohal on rahuldatud kolm universaalset psühholoogilist vajadust - autonoomia, seotus ja kompetentsus, kogevad töötajad iga päev kõrgema tasandi motivatsiooni, mis toidab nende kirge oma töö vastu

  19. Kontseptsioonid ja persoonid / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    2003-01-01

    Heli Sarapuu näitus "Isale" Hobusepea galeriis. Valeri Vinogradovi "Design Jet 5001" Viviann Napi Galeriis. Eve Kiileri "Progressi arhitektoonika" Tallinna Linnagaleriis. Jan Van Imschooti maalinäitus "Müstilised patud ja kaasaegsed värvid. Ümberhindamise asupaik"

  20. Tõrvapott ja meetilgad / Ivar Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Ivar, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik ; Severnoje Poberezhje 2. oktoober lk. 2. Riigikogu liikmete palgast ja ametihüvedest. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad. Vt. samas küsitlus Kuidas suhtute Riigikogu liikmete peaaegu kontrollimatutesse hüvitistesse? Vastavad: Eri Klas, Jaak Mae, Kuno Pajula, Mati Unt

  1. Rikas ja vaene / Vello Kutsar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kutsar, Vello

    2006-01-01

    Autor teeb ülevaate kohalike omavalitsuste arvestuslikust tulust. Joonised: 1. Arvestuslik tulu elaniku kohta 2005. aastal; 2. Arvestuslik tulu elaniku kohta (kr.) ja selle kasv %-des; 3. 10 rikkamat omavalitsust (tuh. kr.). Tabelid: 1. Eesti omavalitsused arvestusliku tulu järgi; 2. Arvestuslik tulu maakonniti; 3. Arvestuslik tulu Pärnumaa omavalitsustes (tuh. kr.)

  2. Valitsus ja valitsemisleping / Janno Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Janno, 1951-2018

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 1. apr. lk. 2, Nädaline 3. aprill lk. 4, Sakala 2. aprill lk. 2, Virumaa Teataja 3. aprill lk. 7, Koit 3. aprill lk. 6, Valgamaalane 3. aprill lk. 2. Jõujooned Riigikogus on selgunud - töövõimelise valitsuse suudavad moodustada Res Publica, ERL ja Reformierakonna saadikud

  3. Kuldma, Aus, Roosma ja Siska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    2006. aasta Kuldnõela võitja kuulutatakse välja Tallinnas Viru keskuses 9.03.2007. Kandidaadid Katrin Kuldma kollektsiooniga Chocolate, Reet Aus kaubamärgiga Re Use, Tiiu Roosma pesukollektsiooniga BonBon Lingerie ja Marika Siska kaubamärgiga Sangar

  4. Tundlikud ja tundelised / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : David Herbert Lawrence. Vikerkaar; Kazuo Ishiguro. Hõljuva maailma kunstnik; Vassil Bõkav. Toru; Torcuato Luca de Tena. Jumala käega; Roxanne Pulitzer. Carrie ja Gracie; Graham Robb. Victor Hugo; Scott Adams. Dilberti printsiip; Andrea Fehringer, Gerald Reischl, Clemens Stadlbauer. Sajandi suurimad pigilinnud; Gertrud Teusen. Jonniiga

  5. Riskimarginaalid ja euro / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Eurotsooniga liitumine ei muuda Eesti jaoks riskimarginaalide ja valitsuse laenuvõime osas kuigi palju ning investorite veenmiseks peab Eesti valitsus veel pikka aega konservatiivset majanduspoliitikat rakendama. Financial Times'i graafik näitab, et Eesti valitsuse võlakoorem on väikseim Euroopa Liidus. Diagramm, kaart

  6. Kired ja kaotused / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Corinne Hofmann. Valge Masai; William Somerset Maugham. Teater; Tyne O'Connell. Parimad asjad elus; Sue Townsend. Kuninganna ja mina; Patricia D. Cornwell. Süütõendid; Koopia / Hedda Maurer, Priit Kruus, Mia Leite [Maria Savisaar]; Kristel Salu. Viljaküla Brita memuaarid; Cupido & Psuche; Marie Under. Under armastusest; Sigmund Freud. Argielu psühhopatoloogia

  7. Jackson ja Savisaar / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    Michael Jacksoni soolokarjääri 30. aastapäeva tähistamisest Madison Square Gardenis. Uute albumite läbimüükide ja poliitika seostest: M. Jacksoni albumist "Invincible", Paul McCartney uuest albumist "Driving Rain"

  8. Seks ja festivalid / Pilvi Porkola

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porkola, Pilvi

    2009-01-01

    Pornokujutusest nüüdisteatris järgmiste lavastuste näiteil - prantsuse-austria Superamasi "Big 3rd Episode Happy/End" ja prantslase Gisele Vienne'i "I Apologize" Baltoscandalil ning kanadalase Dave St. Pierre'i lavastus "Un peu tendresse, bordel de merde!" Exoduse festivalil Ljubljanas

  9. Veri ja sitt / Raymond Whitaker

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Whitaker, Raymond

    2006-01-01

    Veristest lahingutest rahvusvaheliste rahujõudude ja taliibide vahel Afganistanis Helmandi provintsis, algsest ülesehitusmissioonist on saanud sõda. Vt. samas: Kui Helmandis käisid lahingud, olid eestlased puhkusel. Priit Hõbemägi intervjuu Eesti kontingendi ülema Raivo Tammega

  10. Inglise mood ja foto Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    5. nov.-st Tallinna Kunstihoones näitus "Look at me", Suurbritannia mood ja fotograafia 1960ndatest tänapäevani. Kuraatorid Val Willams, Brett Rogers. Osalejaid. 6. XI samas eesti moekunstnike britiaineline moeshow. Osalevad Anu Lensment, Eve Hanson, Marit Ahven, Jaanus Vahtra, Marju Tammik, Anu Samarüütel

  11. Lennutranspordi turg ja perspektiivid 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Air Proxy tegevjuhi Helena Rootsi 2004. aasta sügisel toimunud Äripäeva transpordi arengukonverentsil peetud ettekandest. Lennutranspordi olukorrast ja arengusuundadest. Lisa: Tallinna Lennujaama läbivad kaubakogused kasvavad. Vt. samas: Konverentsil esitatud küsimusi

  12. Saksa vastupanu ja prantsuse tundeelu / Endel Link

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Link, Endel

    2005-01-01

    Berliini 55. filmifestivalist ja festivali filmidest : sakslase Marc Rothemundi "Sophie Scholl - viimased päevad", prantslase Régis Wargineri "Man to Man" ja teise prantslase André Téchiné "Muutunud aeg"

  13. Noor eesti kirjandus ja meedia / Jaanika Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Jaanika, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Noorsookirjandusest ja noortekirjanikest, sellest, kuidas meedia mõjutab tänapäeval noorsookirjanduse levikut ja sihtgrupini jõudmist. Ettekanne on esitatud algupärase lastekirjanduse päeval Tartus 12. aprillil 2006

  14. Surmast ja Heideggerist, jumalatele / Eduard Parhomenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parhomenko, Eduard

    2008-01-01

    Vastukaja Mihhail Lotmani artiklitele: Heidegger, automobiilid ja tapvad asjad // Postimees Extra : Arvamus Kultuur, 12. jaan. 2008, lk. 4 ja Vaenlase pale: järelkaja Jokela draamale // Postimees Extra : Arvamus Kultuur, 8. Dec. 2007, lk. 2-3

  15. Valgustuse moraali- ja poliitikafilosoofid inimloomusest / Margit Sutrop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sutrop, Margit, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Briti valgustusfilosoofidest. Mandeville'i, Smith'i, Hobbes'i ja Rousseau kaastunde käsitlustest. Locke'i ja Rousseau' võrdlus. Ühiskondliku lepingu teooriast. Rousseau erinevusest briti filosoofidest

  16. Hotelli ja restoranimajanduse globaalsed probleemid / Donald Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Donald, 1946-

    2000-01-01

    Järgi nr. 2 lk. 27. Infot maailmas hotelli- ja restoranimajanduses valitsevate trendide kohta saadakse põhiliselt IH&RA ja HOTREC-i vahendusel, mille liige EHRL on. International Hotel & Restaurant Association. HOTREC

  17. Angola : valimisi oodatakse ja kardetakse / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2008-01-01

    Angolas pole 16 aastat toimunud parlamendi- ja presidendivalimisi. 30 aastat võimul olnud president Jose Eduardo dos Santos kuulutas riigis välja valimised, mis peaksid toimuma käesoleval aastal 5. ja 6. septembril

  18. Lihtsalt kunst ja kapital / Anu Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Anu, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Saksa galeristi ja kollektsionääri Rolf Ricke kogu põhjal koostatud näitusest "Das Kapital - Blue Chips & Masterpieces" Frankfurdi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumis. Kunstikogumisest ja kunstipoliitikast Lääne-Euroopas

  19. Community lab kunstihoones ja Arsenales / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Taani kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Projekt" Tallinna Kunstihoones, kus osalevad EKA üliõpilased ja külalised Lätist. Kuraatorite Molly Nesbiti, Hans Ulrich Obristi ja Rirkrit Tiravanija projekt "Utopia Station" Veneetsia biennaalil

  20. Külalised ja meie / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    11. detsembril Estonia kontserdisaalis toimunud ERSO kontserdist, dir. Olari Elts ja solist soome metsosopran Monica Groop, kavas oli Wagneri ja Mendelssohni looming ning 12. detsembril Estonias toimunud Donizetti ooperi "Poliuto" kontsertettekandest, dirigent Arvo Volmer

  1. Kõrged kontsad, kokteilid ja Cosmo / Laurence Lumiere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumiere, Laurence

    2008-01-01

    Menutelesarja "Seks ja linn" peategelastega samanimelisest mängufilmist (režissöör Michael Patrick King). Seriaali sünniloost, alates ideest produtsent Darren Stari peas ning filmi ja seriaali võrdlusest

  2. Rootsi ja Soome maksebilansi jooksevkonto / Lembo Tanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanning, Lembo

    1999-01-01

    Soome ja Rootsi maksebilansi analüüs. Diagrammid: Soome ja Rootsi maksebilansid aastatel 1992-1998; jooksevkonto kasv aastatel 1992-98; jooksevkonto komponentide bilansid aastatel 1992-1998; rahvusvaheline investeerimispositsioon aastatel 1992-1998

  3. Punane Veski ja plakatikunsti algus / Riina Robinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Robinson, Riina

    2007-01-01

    Prantsuse plakatikunsti loojast Jules Cheret'st, ühest silmapaistvamast plakati- ja maalikunstnikust Henri Toulouse-Lautrecist, tema plakatite kangelannadest, kankaani tantsinud Louise Weberist ja Jane Avrilist ning Moulin Rouge'ist

  4. TTÜ ja TÜ osalevad USA armee miljoniprojektides

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    TTÜ ja TÜ liitusid USA-s tegutseva meditsiinitehnoloogia ettevõtete konsortsiumiga. Nii jõuavad juhtivate Eesti kõrgkoolide teadmised USA armeesse, kes konsortsiumi kaudu innovaatilisi tooteid ja teenuseid sisse ostab

  5. Linnaehitusest ja -kindlustustest Eestis uusajal / Rein Zobel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zobel, Rein, 1928-2012

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna, Tartu, Narva, Pärnu, Kuressaare ja väikelinnade (Paide, Haapsalu, Rakvere, Viljandi) linnaehitusest ja -kindlustustest uusajal. 18. sajandil rajatud uuest kindluslinnast Paldiskist. Bibliograafia lk. 443-444

  6. Draamateater ja Theatrum Riias festivalil / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    1999-01-01

    Riias algas 25. okt. rahvusvaheline teatrifestival Homo Novus '99,kus Eestit esindavad Eesti Draamateater Priit Pedajase lavastusega "Mao tee kalju peal" ja Theatrum Lembit Petersoni lavastusega "Pelleas ja Melisande"

  7. Baselist Californiasse ja sealt Tallinna / Ivar Sakk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakk, Ivar, 1962-

    2011-01-01

    Ameerika iseõppinud disaineri David Carsoni, šveitsi tüpograafi Wolfgang Weingarti ja eesti disaineri ja graafiku Villu Järmuti loomingu kõrvutamine. Graafilise disaini areng Euroopas, nn. Baseli koolkond, "uus laine" (New Wave)

  8. Luksus ja läbimõeldus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 234 asuvast sisustussalongist Home-Lux ja seal pakutavast. Salongi direktor Signe Kalbus on hariduselt sisekujundaja ja tellida saab kodu sisekujundusprojekte. Pikemalt mööbli tellimisest kataloogist, sametisest tapeedist, Designers Guildi lastetubadest, sisustuslisanditest

  9. Aktivismist ja sekkunisest linnaruumi / Lilia del Rio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rio, Lilia del

    2007-01-01

    25.-26. IV Eesti Kunstiakadeemias toimunud 4. Linnauurimuse päevadest "Uurimine ja aktivism". Hanna Harrise, Giacomo Botta, Joanna Saad-Suloneni, Liisa Horelli ja Rasmus Kase ettekannetest konverentsil. Sisaldab bibliograafiat

  10. Eesti noor kunst Helsingis, Riias ja Londonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Ester Faimani, Jasper Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamanni ühisnäitus "Splendid!? Young art from Estonia" Helsingis Caisa kultuurikeskuses, kuraator Andres Härm ; Kiwa videokunst Riias Arsenals Museumis ja Londonis Milch Gallery's

  11. Annabel ja Paul / Jüri Ehlvest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehlvest, Jüri, 1967-2006

    2001-01-01

    Mõtted reaalsest olemisest ja selle kommenteerimisest, ajendatud Eesti Televisioonis Kanada dokumentaalfilmi "Seks. Annabel Chongi lugu" (1999) näitamisest ja sellele järgnenud vestlusringist ning hilisematest kommentaaridest meedias

  12. "Impact 4" Berliinis ja Poznanis / Vappu Thurlow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thurlow, Vappu, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    5.-10. IX Berliinis ja Poznanis toimunud neljandast rahvusvahelisest graafikakonverentsist "Impact" alapealkirjaga "Kontakt". Eestist osalesid Loit Jõekalda, Eve Kask, Karin Laansoo ja Vappu Thurlow. 2007. a. Tallinnas toimuva "Impact 5", alapealkirjaga "Slices of Time/Lõigutud aeg", kontseptsioon

  13. Avaliku ja erasektori organisatsioonikultuurilised erinevused / Jaan Silvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silvet, Jaan

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul ei esine juhtimise seisukohast lähtuvalt avalikel ja eraorganisatsioonidel põhimõttelisi erinevusi sobiva keskkonna loomisel mõõdukaks riskikäitumiseks ja õppimisvalmiduseks. Skeem

  14. "Spicy ice" ja klaveri talveuniversiteet / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    25. veebruaril Pärnu kontserdimajas toimunud talveunversiteedi galakontserdist, kus esinesid pianistid Liidia Ilves (Eesti), Cäcilia Maria Weber (Austria) ja Nena Kozjek (Sloveenia) ja Pärnu Linnaorkester Leonid Grini dirigeerimisel

  15. Naelakast ja tempel / Märt Kubo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kubo, Märt, 1944-

    2009-01-01

    Solarise keskusest ja Estonia teatist, nende saamisloost võrdlevalt. Autori sõnul on Armas Lindgreni ja Wivi Lönni loodud Estonia justnagu veel ilusamaks saanud. Arvamus Estonia maja laienemise kohta

  16. President nimetas ametisse suursaadikud Maltal ja Hollandis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel nimetas Andres Tomasbergi Eesti erakorraliseks ja täievoliliseks suursaadikuks Maltal ning Gita Kalmeti Eesti erakorraliseks ja täievoliliseks suursaadikuks Hollandis. Allk.: BNS

  17. Taastuvad energiaallikad ja Euroopa Liit / Jaan Tepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tepp, Jaan, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti liitumisel EL-ga ning Kyoto protokolli ratifitseerimise taustal on Riigikogul ja valitsusel vastutus soodustada põlevkivipõhise elektritootmise kõrval ka taastuvaid energiaallikad. Ka seadusloomest taastuvenergeetika arengu seisukohalt. Tabelid ja diagramm

  18. Tallinnas asutati Baltimaade sotsiaal- ja humanitaarteaduste doktorikool

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Oktoobris 2008 allkirjastasid Tallinna Ülikooli, Läti Ülikooli ja Kaunase Vytautas Magnuse Ülikooli rektorid Baltimaade sotsiaal- ja humanitaarteaduste doktorikooli (Baltic Graduate School) asutamislepingu

  19. Lugupeetud kunstnikud, arhitektid ja sõbrad!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Kunstnike Liidu ja Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastavahetuspeo kava 28. XII. Esinevad Raivo Kelomees (EKA ja Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli videoprojektid), EKA moeosakond. Nova Moda esitleb: Ruta Depp, Ketlin Bachman, Riina Põldroos, Kati Simpson

  20. Suured ja Vannutatud : Kumu / Sirje Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Sirje, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Vastuseks Raoul Kurvitza artiklile "Kumu : väited ja teesid" samas lehes lk. 11-12. Ajaloo ja kunstiajaloo ümberkirjutamisest, mõistetest "rahvus", "rahvusriik". Rahvuslikust kunstist, rahvuslikust identiteedist, valitud kuraatoritest jm.

  1. Ilves sõitis Saksamaale ja Hollandisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves sõitis töövisiidile Saksamaale ja Hollandisse. President osaleb Berliinis konverentsil "Kontinentide konkurents - tulevikku kujundavad Saksamaa ja Euroopa" ning kohtub Saksamaa parlamendisaadikutega. Haagis kohtuvad T. H. Ilves ja proua Evelin Ilves Madalmaade kuninganna Beatrix'i, välisminister Maxime Jacques Marcel Verhageni ja Haagi linnapeaga ning külastavad dirigent Neeme Järvi 70. sünnipäeva kontserti

  2. Ohjaamisen ja opettamisen välimaastossa

    OpenAIRE

    Vesalainen, Anne-Maria

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä tarkastellaan ohjaamisen ja opettamisen suhdetta opiskelijaryhmälähtöisessä musiikkiteatterin valmistumisprosessissa. Taidepedagogiikan näkemykset soveltuvat sekä ohjaamiselle että opettamiselle. Keskeistä ovat opiskelijalähtöisyys ja konstruktivistinen oppimiskäsitys Opettaja tai ohjaaja auttaa opiskelijan luovuutta ja oppimista. Opinnäytetyössä tarkastellaan Seurakuntaopiston Artistiluokkien (2010 ja 2011) musiikkiteatteriesitysten Stalkatut elämät (20...

  3. Toimitila-, palo- ja pelastusturvallisuus majoitusyrityksessä

    OpenAIRE

    Pajunen, Touko

    2010-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tehtiin erään Etelä-Savossa sijaitsevan hotellin hotellipäällikön toimeksiannosta. Työn tavoitteena oli kerätä tietoperusta toimitila-, palo- ja pelastusturvallisuudesta, ja laatia sen pohjalta turvallisuuskatsaus kyseisessä hotellissa. Turvallisuuskatsauksen tavoitteena oli nostaa esiin mahdollisia toimitila-, palo- ja pelastusturvallisuuteen liittyviä epäkohtia ja ehdottaa niihin ratkaisuja. Turvallisuuskatsaus koostui kahdesta tutkimuksesta. Ensimmäisessä arvioitiin toimit...

  4. Kirjutamisest ja kirjutamise õpetamisest / Anne Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusen, Anne

    2001-01-01

    Kirjutamise olemusest, kirjutamise motiveerimisest, kirjutamise (õpetamise ja õppimise) eesmärgid ja ülesanded. 1998/2000 õa. jooksul täienduskoolituses ja kaugõppes õppivate algklassiõpetajate hulgas läbi viidud küsitlusest, eesmärgiga uurida, mida õpetajad kirjutamise juures tähtsaks peavad, milliseid kirjutamisülesandeid nad õpilastele annavad ning milline on õpetajate enesehinnang oma koolitusele ja teadmistele kirjutamisest

  5. Paraproletariaat ja vilets Valgre / Sandra Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia interdistsiplinaarsete kunstide osakonna ning Pärnu filmi- ja videofestivali alternatiivkino "Le Cinema Extraordinaire" (kuraatorid Erik Alalooga ja Ville-Karel Viirelaid) Tallinnas Nongrata Kunstikonteineris kultuuritehases Polymer 1.-22. II. Minna Hindi autoriõhtu (filmid "Kolm pilti elust ja ajast" ning "Sees või väljas") ja Jaan-Jürgen Klausi filmid "Sinitäheke" (peategelane Erkki Hüva) ning "Erakpoeet Marko Kompus"

  6. Võigas ja seletamatu tsirkus : kaasaja ja alateadvuse pained "Agent Sinikaelas" / Sven Vabar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabar, Sven

    2002-01-01

    Mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : stsenaristid Marko Raat ja Andres Maimik : režissöör Marko Raat : operaator Arko Okk : helilooja Janek Murd : kunstnikud Margus Tammik ja Jaana Jüris : nimiosas Mait Malmsten : produtsendid Peeter Urbla ja Veiko Õunapuu : Exitfilm ja Suhkur Film, 2002

  7. Jackson, sportauto ja kinbaku / Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Mari-Liis Laanemaa video- ja fotonäitus "Meel ja Michael Jackson" Tallinna Linnagaleriis 26. juunini. Fotograaf Herkki-Erich Merila näitus "Kinbaku" Haus galeriis 15. juulini. Austria kunstniku Klaus Waggeri rallimaalide ja Urmas Teearu kogusse kuuluvate mootorrataste näitus "Unforgettable Moments" Tam galeriis juuni lõpuni 2011

  8. Pornograafia, kunst ja tsensuur / Katrina Sirelpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirelpuu, Katrina

    2011-01-01

    Lõputöös uuritakse seksikultuuri, selle erinevaid tahke ja vorme ajaloos, samuti kust läheb erinevate kogukondade teadvuse piir pornograafia ja kunstina tõlgendatava vahel. Praktiline osa koosneb viiest suureformaadilisest moefotost, millel poseerivad erineva seksuaalse energia ja hoiakuga modellid

  9. "Kalevipoeg" ja "Kalevala" / Märt Laarman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarman, Märt, 1896-1979

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Tallinn : Kool, 1922. Autori pseudonüüm M. Salak. . Sisu: "Kalevipoja" saamislugu; "Kalevipoeg" ja "Kalevala"; Vead "Kalevipoja" värsitehnikas ja keeles; Eesti ained "Kalevalas"; "Kalevala" mõju "Kalevipojale"; Kalevipoja algupära; "Kalevipoja" kompositsioon ja tegelased; Kaunid kohad "Kalevipojas"; Kokkuvõte.

  10. Eesti sumokamp ja esijudoka videolindil / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1999-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmid maadlejatest : "Legend päikesest" : stsenarist, režissöör, toimetaja ja produtsent Aare Tilk : Eesti Telefilm 1999 ja "Tempo di valse" : käsikiri Hans Roosipuu ja Peeter Simm : režissöör Peeter Simm : Faama Film 1999

  11. Bosnia ja Kosovo riigiloomise õppetunnid / Karin Maandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maandi, Karin

    2005-01-01

    OSCE missiooni koosseisus Kosovos ning Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas viibinud Karin Maandi kirjeldab aspekte, mis on olnud olulised stabiilsuse tagamisel Balkanil ja Afganistanis. Autori sõnul ei võta välismaailm konflikti sekkudes tihti arvesse, et konfliktist on puudutatud paljud valdkonnad ja et pakutud lahendused peavad sobima kohalikesse oludesse. Lisa: Õppetunnid

  12. Valik laste- ja noortefilme festivalilt "Just Film"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali laste- ja noortefilmi festivali Just Film filme : Prantsuse-Saksa "Zaina, Atlase mägede ratsanik " (režii Bourlem Guerdjou), Ungari "Noored, rumalad ja armastust täis" (Gergely Fonyo), Hispaania "Seitse neitsit" (Alberto Rodriguez), Lõuna-Korea "Taifuun ja päike" (Jeong Jae-eun)

  13. Palgad ja maksud Euroopa Liidus / Lembo Tanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanning, Lembo

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Buhgalterskije Novosti nr. 5, lk. 49-53. Järg Raamatupidamisuudised nr. 6 lk. 45-49. EL-i riikide bruto- ja netopalkade, maksude ning peretoetuste analüüs. Võimalikest muutustest Eesti palkades ja maksudes peale EL-iga liitumist. Tabelid ja diagrammid

  14. Tagasivaade elule ja ajale / Ene Liivik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivik, Ene, 1933-

    2010-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb kahel käsikirjal "Tagasi waade möödunud elule ja ajale. Utškuju-Tarhani küla aja lugu. 50ne aastane juubel" ja "Lahtised lehed", mille autoriks on Helmi Koolmann. Käsikirjas meenutavad Helmi ja tema abikaasa Rein Koolmann Krimmis elatud aastaid

  15. Sugupooltest ja valitsemisest laienevas Euroopas / Anu Laas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laas, Anu

    2003-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu projektist "EL laienemine, sotsiaalne sugu ja valitsemine" (EGG), mille peamiseks eesmärgiks on analüüsida, millises ulatuses esindusinstitutsioonid ja organisatsioonid (parteid, erakonnad, ametiühingud ja teised valitsusvälised organisatsioonid) võimaldavad naiste osavõttu ning esindatust otsuste tegemisel EL-iga ühinevates riikides. Lisa lk. 46

  16. Nirvaana, susla ja internet / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2000-01-01

    Kolm stuudio Nukufilm uut nukufilmi : "Saamueli Internet" : Stsenarist Andrus Kivirähk : režissöör ja kunstnik Riho Unt; "Teekond Nirvaanasse" : Stsenarist, režissöör ja kunstnik Mait Laas; "Eilne vedur" : režissöörid Mikk Rand ja Kalju Kivi

  17. Muuseum sihtasutuseks : poolt ja vastu / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2002-01-01

    Loodavast sihtasutusest Virumaa Muuseum, kuhu kuuluvad Palmse mõis, Rakvere muuseum, linnus, linnakodaniku muuseum, Richard Sagritsa talumuusem Karepal, Altja kõrts ja võrgukuurid ning ilmselt hakkavad kuuluma Käsmu muuseum ja Annikvere koolimaja. Kunstiteadlase M. Raisma, Sagritsa talumuuseumi töötaja A. Kiisi ja Vabaõhumuuseumi direktori M. Langi arvamus

  18. NYYD Ensemble ja Riho Sibul / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Gavin Bryarsi teos "Jesus' Blood Never Failed Me Yet" NYYD Ensemble'i ja Riho Sibula esituses 27. detsembril Pauluse kirikus Tartus ja 28. detsembril Rootsi- Mihkli kirikus Tallinnas. Kaastegevad Tartu Ülikooli Kammerkoor (Tartus) ja kammerkoor Voces Musicales (Tallinnas). Kunstiline juht Olari Elts

  19. Poliitikauuringud ja õiguspoliitika kujundamine Eestis / Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruks, Peep, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Poliitikauuringutest lääneriikides (USA-s) ning Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopa üleminekuühiskondades. Mõttekeskustest (think tank), Eesti poliitikauuringute keskusest PRAXIS ning projektidest "Avaliku sektori ja kolmanda sektori õigusloome alane koostöö" ja "Eesti kriminaalmenetluse optimeerimine"

  20. Uni, internet ja alkohol / Merike Sisask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sisask, Merike, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    2009. aastal Tallinna üldhariduskoolide 8. ja 9. klasside õpilaste hulgas läbiviidud uuringust, mis sisaldas küsimusi noorte tervise- ja riskikäitumise ning sellega seotud hoiakute ja väärtushinnangute kohta

  1. Meelelahutuslik pantvangidraama ja muud jamad / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("Kilnieks/The Hostage") : režissöör Laila Pakalnina : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti-poolne tootja Acuba Film. Tallinna kobarkinos alates 15. septembrist

  2. Globaliseeruv kuritegevus ja terror / Ando Leps

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leps, Ando, 1935-

    2002-01-01

    29. märtsil moodustati Riias ülemaailmsel kuritegevuse- ja terrorismivastasel foorumil Läänemerega piirnevate riikide Kuritegevuse- ja Terrorismivastane Foorum. Võeti vastu põhikiri, nimetati ametisse juhatus ja büroo direktor. Foorumi üheks kaasesimeheks valiti Ando Leps. Autor: Keskerakond. Parlamendisaadik

  3. Ooperimaailmast siit ja sealt / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2016-01-01

    Lavastustest „Reekviem… ja elu enne” ja „Jevgeni Onegin” (Brigitta festival), „Lendav Hollandlane” (RO Estonia), „Tsaari mõrsja” ja „Kahe pealinna duett” (Helikon-Ooper Estonias) ning „Madama Butterfly” (Läti RO)

  4. Kierkegaard, religioon ja eksistentsialism / Haljand Udam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Udam, Haljand, 1936-2005

    1999-01-01

    Taani filosoofist ja teoloogist Soren Kierkegaardist (1818-1855) ja tema raamatust "Kartus ja värin". Raamatu eesti keelde tõlkija artikkel. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Udam, Haljand. Maagid, filosoofid, poliitikud. Tallinn : Perioodika, 2002, lk. 39-44. (Loomingu Raamatukogu)

  5. Tagasi looduse ja inimese juurde / Tiina Abel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Abel, Tiina, 1951-

    2010-01-01

    Kunstipoliitika ja ametlik kunst. Heroiline alastuse motiiv. 1937. aasta Pariisi maailmanäitus. Väitlused kunsti rahvuslikkuse ja eesti stiili üle. Kunstikool ja kunstiühing Pallas. Prantsuse orientatsiooni süvenemine. Kaks Prantsuse kunstikultuuri manifestatsiooni

  6. Liberaalne impeerium ja Eesti / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa imperialistlikest hoiakutest ja majanduse kasutamisest poliitilise relvana. Vene äriringkondadele tehtud järeleandmistest Eestis ja murest Eesti ühiskonnas alanud tasalülitamisprotsessi üle, mille märkideks on avalik-õigusliku ringhäälingu politiseerimine ning Keskerakonna ja selle rahastajate alanud sissetung meediaturule

  7. Arutlus autorist ja ruumist / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmi sarjas "Eesti lood" linastunud filmidest: "Beebilõust" - Saaremaa poeedist ja hiphop-muusikust Andrus Elbingust, režissöör ja stsenarist Margit Lillak ning "Pastacas" - Soomes elavast Eesti kunstnikust ja muusikust Ramo Tedrest, režissöör Rein Kotov

  8. Naistearstide ja neuroloogide kokkusaamine pakkus osapooltele suurt huvi / Marika Gordon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gordon, Marika

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Naistearstide Seltsi ja L. Puusepa nimelise Eesti Neuroloogide ja Neurokirurgide Seltsi ühiskoosolekul kõneldi naiste ja meeste neurobioloogilistest iseärasustest, seksuaaleluhäiretest, rasedusaegsetest peavaludest, epilepsia ravist naistel ja sünnitusabist

  9. Paris, Texas. Saksamaal ja sinu peas / Kairi Prints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prints, Kairi

    2010-01-01

    6.- 12. oktoobrini Tallinnas ja Tartus toimuval filmifestivalil "Uus Saksa Kino" saab vaadata Wim Wendersi muusikadokumentaale. "Film ja filosoofia" rubriigis koha- ja rahvusespetsiifika eksistentsist tänapäeva filmikunstis ja W. Wendersi filmist "Paris, Texas" (USA 1984)

  10. Naised, memoria ja sakraalruum hiliskeskaegsel Liivimaal / Anu Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Anu, 1968-

    2012-01-01

    Gildiõdedest ja nende mälestamisest. Vikaariate rajamisest. Tallinlannade testamentidest ja testaatorite sotsiaalsest taustast. Sakraalruumi kujundavatest annetustest naiste testamentides. Abielupaaride ja naiste annetatud armulauanõudest. Gertrud Wrangeli memoriaalkompleksist. Matusepaikadest ja hauakividest

  11. Kunst ja rahulolematus : Teooria aastatuhande vahetusel / Thomas McEvilley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McEvilley, Thomas, 1939-

    2010-01-01

    Kunstikriitika rollist ja selle muutumisest 1960-1970. aastatel, kunstiteoreetikute ja -kriitikute suhtumisest formalismi ja selle esindajate loomingusse, formalismi doktriini põhjustest ja järelmõjudest

  12. Sulam Eesti ja Inglise vaimulikust muusikast / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoori ja inglise organisti ning helilooja Christopher Bowers-Broadbenti kontserdist 9. veebr. Haapsalu Toomkirikus ja 10. veebr. Tallinna Niguliste kirikus (ettekandel C. Bowers-Broadbenti sekvents orelile ja koorile "7Words" ja Cyrillus Kreegi "Reekviem" uues seades)

  13. Yritys X:n Kokous- ja juhlapalvelujen myyntitoimintojen ja markkinoinnin kehittäminen

    OpenAIRE

    Laivamaa, Minna; Rantala, Mari

    2009-01-01

    Yritys X:n Kokous- ja juhlapalvelut kuuluu pääkaupunkiseudulla toimivan yrityksen catering – palvelujen yksikköön. Kokous- ja juhlapalvelut myy pääsääntöisesti juhla- ja kokoustarjoiluja asiakkaiden omiin tiloihin, Kokous- ja juhlapalvelujen kautta vuokrattaviin tiloihin ja muihin ulkopuolisiin tiloihin. Asiakkaina ovat kaupungin eri virastot ja laitokset sekä niiden vieraat, ja yksityisen sektorin asiakkaina yritykset, yhteisöt sekä yksityishenkilöt. Toiminta on tällä hetkellä aktiivista,...

  14. "Amar te Duele" ("love hurts"): sexual relationship power, intimate partner violence, depression symptoms and HIV risk among female sex workers who use drugs and their non-commercial, steady partners in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulibarri, Monica D; Roesch, Scott; Rangel, M Gudelia; Staines, Hugo; Amaro, Hortensia; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2015-01-01

    A significant body of research among female sex workers (FSWs) has focused on individual-level HIV risk factors. Comparatively little is known about their non-commercial, steady partners who may heavily influence their behavior and HIV risk. This cross-sectional study of 214 FSWs who use drugs and their male steady partners aged ≥18 in two Mexico-U.S. border cities utilized a path-analytic model for dyadic data based upon the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to examine relationships between sexual relationship power, intimate partner violence (IPV), depression symptoms, and unprotected sex. FSWs' relationship power, IPV perpetration and victimization were significantly associated with unprotected sex within the relationship. Male partners' depression symptoms were significantly associated with unprotected sex within the relationship. Future HIV prevention interventions for FSWs and their male partners should address issues of sexual relationship power, IPV, and mental health both individually and in the context of their relationship.

  15. “Amar te Duele” (“Love Hurts”): Sexual relationship power, intimate partner violence, depression symptoms and HIV risk among female sex workers who use drugs and their non-commercial, steady partners in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulibarri, Monica D.; Roesch, Scott; Rangel, M. Gudelia; Staines, Hugo; Amaro, Hortensia; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

    2014-01-01

    A significant body of research among female sex workers (FSWs) has focused on individual-level HIV risk factors. Comparatively little is known about their non-commercial, steady partners who may heavily influence their behavior and HIV risk. This cross-sectional study of 214 FSWs who use drugs and their male steady partners aged ≥18 in two Mexico-U.S. border cities utilized a path-analytic model for dyadic data based upon the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to examine relationships between sexual relationship power, intimate partner violence (IPV), depression symptoms, and unprotected sex. FSWs’ relationship power, IPV perpetration and victimization were significantly associated with unprotected sex within the relationship. Male partners’ depression symptoms were significantly associated with unprotected sex within the relationship. Future HIV prevention interventions for FSWs and their male partners should address issues of sexual relationship power, IPV, and mental health both individually and in the context of their relationship. PMID:24743959

  16. Effects of yohimbine and drug cues on impulsivity and attention in cocaine-dependent men and women and sex-matched controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran-Santa Maria, M M; Baker, N L; McRae-Clark, A L; Prisciandaro, J J; Brady, K T

    2016-05-01

    Deficits in executive function have been associated with risk for relapse. Data from previous studies suggest that relapse may be triggered by stress and drug-paired cues and that there are significant sex differences in the magnitude of these responses. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the pharmacological stressor and alpha-2 adrenergic receptor antagonist yohimbine and cocaine cues on executive function in cocaine-dependent men and women. In a double-blind placebo controlled cross-over study, cocaine-dependent men (n=12), cocaine-dependent women (n=27), control men (n=31) and control women (n=25) received either yohimbine or placebo prior to two cocaine cue exposure sessions. Participants performed the Connors' Continuous Performance Test II prior to medication/placebo administration and immediately after each cue exposure session Healthy controls had a significant increase in commission errors under the yohimbine condition [RR (95% CI)=1.1 (1.0-1.3), χ(2)1=2.0, p=0.050]. Cocaine-dependent individuals exhibited a significant decrease in omission errors under the yohimbine condition [RR (95% CI)=0.6 (0.4-0.8), χ(2)1=8.6, p=0.003]. Cocaine-dependent women had more omission errors as compared to cocaine-dependent men regardless of treatment [RR (95% CI)=7.2 (3.6-14.7), χ(2)1=30.1, pwomen exhibited a slower hit reaction time as compared to cocaine-dependent men [Female 354 ± 13 vs. Male 415 ± 14; t89=2.6, p=0.012]. These data add to a growing literature demonstrating significant sex differences in behaviors associated with relapse in cocaine-dependent individuals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Monimuoto-opiskelijoiden ajanhallinta ja jaksaminen : kokemuksia perheen, työn ja opiskelun yhteensovittamisesta

    OpenAIRE

    Ranne, Satu-Maaret; Salminen, Piia

    2011-01-01

    Ranne Satu-Maaret ja Salminen Piia. Monimuoto-opiskelijoiden ajanhallinta ja jaksaminen - kuinka sovittaa yhteen perhe, työ ja opiskelu. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulun monimuoto-opiskelijoiden kokemuksia ajanhallinnasta ja jaksamisesta. Pori, kevät 2011, 34 s. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak Länsi, Pori. Hoitotyön koulutusohjelma. Sairaanhoitaja (AMK). Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tutkia ammattikorkeakoulussa monimuotoisesti opiskelevien opiskelijoiden ajanhallintaa ja jaksamista: ...

  18. 27. ja 28. IX toimus Narvas VII Eesti muuseumide näituste festival ja seminar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    I koha pälvis ERMi ja Adamson-Ericu muuseumi koostööprojekt "Viinapuuväät. Maasikakiri II" (kontseptsiooni ja haridusprogrammi autorid Vaike Reemann, Ülle Kruus, Kersti Koll ja Kai Tuvik, kujundaja Denes Farkas, monteerija Vahur Puik), II - Tartu Kunstimuuseumi näitus "Muuseum muuseumis" (kontseptsiooni autorid ja teostajad Ahti Seppet, Hannes Varblane), III - Viljandi muuseumi näitus "Rõõmud lumel ja jääl" (idee autor Herki Helves)

  19. The Prevalence of Transmitted Drug Resistance in Newly Diagnosed HIV-Infected Individuals in Croatia: The Role of Transmission Clusters of Men Who Have Sex with Men Carrying the T215S Surveillance Drug Resistance Mutation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grgic, Ivana; Lunar, Maja M.; Poljak, Mario; Vince, Adriana; Vrakela, Ivana Baca; Planinic, Ana; Seme, Katja; Begovac, Josip

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in newly diagnosed and treatment-naive HIV-infected patients from Croatia and evaluate a possible contribution of transmission clusters to the spread of resistant virus. The study enrolled treatment-naive HIV-infected patients that entered clinical care at the Croatian Reference Center for HIV/AIDS between 2006 and 2008. The protease gene and a part of the reverse transcriptase gene of the HIV-1 genome were sequenced by using the Trugene HIV-1 Genotyping System. The prevalence of transmitted drug resistance was analyzed by using the surveillance drug resistance mutations (SDRM) list recommended by the WHO in 2009. We report findings for 118 of 180 eligible patients (65.6% coverage). SDRM were detected in 26 of 118 patients (22.0%) who were infected with subtype B and belonged mostly to the men having sex with men (MSM). The majority of patients with primary resistance carried SDRM associated with resistance to nucleoside analogues reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs, 23 of 118 patients, 19.5%). The most frequently found NRTI SDRM was T215S (17 of 118 patients, 14.4%). SDRM associated with resistance to nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors were detected in three (2.5%) patients and primary resistance to protease inhibitors was not detected. Non-B subtypes were detected in 13/118 patients (11%). A total of 12 transmission pairs and eight distinct transmission clusters were identified with the largest cluster harboring sequences from 19 patients; among them all but two were carrying the T215S mutation. This study showed a high prevalence of TDR in newly diagnosed MSM from Croatia and is an important contribution concerning the relationship between local transmission clusters and the spread of resistant virus. PMID:22906365

  20. FutisFun - Liikuntatapahtuman suunnittelu ja toteutus

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmus, Rebecca; Järvelä, Jenny

    2017-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö toteutettiin kahden opiskelijan yhteistyönä. Toinen tekijöistä opiskelee ammattikorkeakoulu Arcadassa ja toinen Haaga-Helian ammattikorkeakoulussa. Työstä on tehty Arcadan vaatimusten mukaisesti myös ruotsinkielinen pidempi tiivistelmä, joka on työn lopussa liitteenä. Opinnäytetyössä perehdytään tapahtuman järjestämiseen ja markkinointiin sekä lasten ja nuorten motivointiin, ja työssä suunnitellaan ja toteutetaan jalkapallotapahtuma 5-12 – vuotiaille tytöille. Opinnäyte...

  1. Nuoruudessa koetun seksuaalisen kaltoinkohtelun muodot ja ilmitulo

    OpenAIRE

    Kangas, Ilona; Tolonen, Emmi

    2009-01-01

    Nuorten kokema seksuaalinen häirintä ja väkivalta on vaiettu, mutta valitettavan yleinen ongelma. Kotimaista tutkimusta nuorten kokemasta seksuaalisesta kaltoinkohtelusta on tehty vähän. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää nuoruudessa koetun seksuaalisen kaltoinkohtelun muotoja ja ilmituloa kirjallisuuden ja Väestöliiton internetissä keräämän kyselyaineiston avulla. Työ on osa Terveys- ja hoitoalan klusterin projektia Nuorten seksuaaliterveyden edistämisen toteutuminen koulu- ja opiskel...

  2. Pelillisyys ja uudet teknologiat musiikin oppimisessa

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    Tämä julkaisu on osa PLAY Pelillisyys, asiantuntijuus ja yrittäjyys musiikissa -hanketta, jonka päätoteuttaja oli Jyväskylän ammattikorkeakoulu ja osato¬teuttaja Jyväskylän ammattiopisto. Hanketta rahoitti Euroopan sosiaalirahasto (ESR) Keski-Suomen Elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskuksen (ELY) kautta. PLAY-hankkeen päätavoitteena oli nostaa Suomalaisen musiikkikampuk¬sen henkilöstön musiikkikasvatusteknologiaan liittyvä pedagoginen osaaminen ja asiantuntijuus kansallisesti ja kansainväli...

  3. Big data -teknologian perusteet ja mahdollisuudet

    OpenAIRE

    Juurinen, Susanna

    2013-01-01

    Työn tarkoituksena oli tutkia tiedonhallintaa ja big data -ratkaisujen käytännön toteutusta, mahdollisuuksia, haasteita ja hyötyjä. Työssä kuvataan tiedon määrän kehitystä, keräysprosesseja ja -menetelmiä sekä pohditaan tiedonhallinnan vaatimuksia ja tietoturvallisuutta. Työn tarkoitus oli selvittää tiedonhallinnan ja analytiikan uusimman trendin, big datan, vaikutusmahdollisuuksia organisaatioiden toimintaan. Tiedon analytiikkaa voidaan valjastaa liiketoiminnan tai muiden toimialueiden t...

  4. Maailmade loomine ja rahvuspaviljonid Veneetsias / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    53. Veneetsia biennaal "Making Worlds / Fare Mondi / Maailmu luues" 7. VI-22. XI, kuraator Daniel Birnbaum. Hiina kunstniku Chu Yuni tööst "Constellation / Tähtkuju" kuraatorinäitusel. Lühidalt USA (Bruce Nauman) ja Hispaania (Miquel Barcelo) paviljonidest, pikemalt Taani ja Põhjamaade (kunstnike-kuraatorite Michael Elmgreeni ja Ingar Dragseti projekt "The Collectors / Kogujad"), Prantsuse (Claude Lévèque'i "Le Grand Soir / Suur öö", kuraator Christian Bernard) ja Egiptuse (Adel El Siwi ja Ahmad Askalany "Leggermente monumentale / Kergelt monumentaalne") paviljonidest

  5. Liikelahjat mikro- ja pk-yrityksissä

    OpenAIRE

    Danhammer, Joni

    2014-01-01

    Liikelahjat ovat osa yrityksen menekinedistämistä ja kuuluvat tiiviisti yrityksen markkinointiviestintään. Kuitenkin yleinen talouden kiristynyt tilanne ja vuoden 2014 alussa voimaan astunut verouudistus liikelahjojen verovähennyksissä ovat asioita, jotka vaikuttavat liikelahjojen menekkiin ja niiden antamistapojen muuttumiseen mikro- ja pk-yrityksissä. Näin ollen yrityksillä tulisi tässä tilanteessa olla selkeä käsitys siitä, millaisia liikelahjoja yritys haluaa nykyisin henkilökunnalleen ja...

  6. Tuotesijoittelu elokuvissa ja tv-sarjoissa

    OpenAIRE

    Kujala, Toni

    2017-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee tuotesijoittelua ja miten se ilmenee elokuvissa ja tv-sarjoissa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää mitä tuotesijoittelu on, miten se vaikuttaa katsojiin ja miten sitä voi hyödyntää eri toimijoiden markkinointiviestinnässä. Tuotesijoittelun vaikutuksia katsojiin on selvitetty kvalitatiivisella menetelmällä haastattelemalla viittä ihmistä ja tutkimalla tuotesijoittelusta käytyä keskustelua eri keskustelupalstoilla ja sosiaalisessa mediassa. Haastattelussa ol...

  7. Kuidas Udmurdi ja Mordva vabariik lipud said / Jaak Prozes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prozes, Jaak, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Kunstnikud Juri Lobanov ja Andrei Aljoshkin räägivad Udmurdi vabariigi ja Mordva vabariigi lipu ja vapi saamisloo. Udmurdi ja Mordva lipu värvide tähendusest. Udmurtia, Mordva, Komi ja Marimaa esimene kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Põhi ja kirre : kontinentaalne alateadvus" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 14. märts-18. mai 2008

  8. Tagasivaateid ja välissuhteid / Johannes Pedak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedak, Johannes, 1908-2003

    1981-01-01

    Akadeemilistest perekondadest ja suguvõsadest korporatsioonis, ülikooli lõpetamise ja doktorikraadi kaitsmisega seotud kommetest, suhetest vähemusrahvuste- ja naaberriikide üliõpilasorganisatsioonidega ja üliõpilasvahetusest Soome, Saksamaa, Inglismaa ja Ungariga. Soome ja eesti üliõpilasorganisatsioonide võrdlus

  9. “Tuhansien laulujen maa” : maisema ja identiteetti 1980- ja 1990-lukujen suomenkielisessä rocklyriikassa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Laamanen

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelissa tutkitaan suomalaisen maiseman ja identiteetin kuvauksia suomenkielisessä rocklyriikassa vuosina 1980–1999. Aineisto muodostuu kahdestakymmenestä laulusta yhdeltätoista eri artistilta ja yhtyeeltä. Tutkimusmetodina käytetään temaattista sisällönanalyysiä. Kappaleiden ja niiden lyriikoiden tutkimus tuo lisätietoa Suomi-kuvan tutkimukseen ja nostaa esiin suomalaisen rockmusiikin äänen, joka on mukana ihmisten arjessa. Suomalainen rockmusiikki on osa suomalaista populaarikulttuuria ja kulttuurihistoriaa. Sillä on kyky uusintaa ja representoida Suomea ja suomalaisuutta. Aineiston kappaleiden maisema muodostuu pääkaupungin, pikkukaupunkien, luonnon ja maaseudun ympäristöistä. Kappaleissa ollaan välitilassa, yksikään ympäristö ei nouse johtavaksi teemaksi. Lyriikoissa uusinnetaan topeliaanista suomalaisuutta niin kestävyyden, sitkeyden, vapaudenhalun kuin kohtaloon alistumisen muodossa sekä suomalaisen kirjallisuuden ja iskelmän luontokuvauksen perinnettä. Sanoituksissa kommentoidaan agraarin ja urbaanin lähekkäin oloa, suomalaisen elämänmuodon ja identiteetin murrosta sekä 1990-luvun lamaa. Sanoitusten maisema ja identiteetti kietoutuvat subjektin tunteisiin ja tarinaan, universaaleihin aiheisiin rakkaudesta ja omasta eksistenssistä. Ne paljastavat, toisin kuin matkailumarkkinointi, Suomen ja suomalaisuuden säröt positiivisten asioiden ohella.

  10. Mac OS X ja tietoturva

    OpenAIRE

    Herranen, Joni

    2011-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on luoda kattava kokonaiskuva Mac OS X -käyttöjärjestelmän sisäänrakennetuista tietoturvaratkaisuista ja selvittää miten tietoturvaratkaisut toteuttavat tietoturvan kolmea perustavoitetta eli luottamuksellisuutta, eheyttä ja saatavuutta. Työn kohderyhmäksi on valittu edistyneemmät tietokoneenkäyttäjät, joilla ei ole aikaisempaa Mac-kokemusta. Teoriaosuudessa syvennytään aluksi Apple-yhtiöön sekä Mac OS X -järjestelmän teknisiin ominaisuuksiin. Osuuden pääta...

  11. Huntington ja kartulikoored / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Autor nendib, et poliitilistest mõttestampidest ja illusioonidest vabanemine nõuaks Eesti enesekaemuses kohati üsna drastilisi kontseptuaalseid inversioone. Neli olulisemat inversiooni: Lääne-Euroopa poolt vaadatuna on Eesti osa endisest Nõukogude Liidust, Eesti on riik rahvuse teenistuses, Eesti vene kogukonnas toimub omalaadne "kontra-etnogenees", vene kogukonna liidrid on asunud ära kasutama Euroopa Liidu poolt avatud võimalusi

  12. Aloittavan yrityksen talous ja rahoitus

    OpenAIRE

    Ikonen, Joona

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tutkia alle kolme vuotta toimineiden yrittäjien palveluiden tarpeita. Hanke toteutettiin Etelä–Pohjanmaan Uusyrityskeskus Neu-voa–Antava ry:lle. Tutkimus suoritettiin yrityksille, jotka on perustettu aikavälillä 2011 – 2014. Uusyrityskeskus Neuvoa–Antava toteutti JATKE-hankkeen Euroopan Sosiaalira-haston osittain rahoittamana. Yrityksen perustamisvaiheessa lukuisat eri tahot tarjoavat neuvonta- ja opastuspalveluja yrityksen perustamiseen liittyen. Toimi...

  13. Liiketoimintasuunnitelma perustettavalle lounas- ja juhlapalveluravintolalle

    OpenAIRE

    Lehtonen, Niko

    2009-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee liiketoimintasuunnitelman laatimista. Tavoitteena on laatia kan-‎nattava ja menestymismahdollisuuksia omaava liikeidea. Toisena tavoitteena on laatia kattava ‎kooste aiheeseen liittyvästä teoriatiedosta.‎ Suunnitelman laatimisessa olen käyttänyt apuna Viitalan liiketoimintaosaaminen kirjaa, sekä ‎yrityssuomen liiketoimintasuunnitelma työkalua. Lisäksi olen toteuttanut pienimuotoisen ha-‎vainnointitutkimuksen kilpailijayritykseen, haastatellut ravintolayritystä...

  14. Muusikamaailm : Milano La Scala sulgeb uksed. Schönberg ja Kandinsky. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi. Witold Szalonek lahkunud. / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Milano La Scala suletakse kaheks aastaks ümberehituseks ja renoveerimiseks. Moskvas toimub näitus ja kontserdisari "Schönberg ja Kandinsky ئ maalikunst ja muusika dialoogis". Erinevaid preemiaid ja tunnustusi saanud muusikad. 74aastasena suri Berliinis nimekas poola helilooja, pianist ja pedagoog Witold Szalonek

  15. 'Pure' drug users, commercial sex workers and 'ordinary girls': gendered narratives of HIV risk and prevention in post-Soviet Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owczarzak, Jill; Phillips, Sarah D; Cho, Woojeong

    2018-02-08

    International best practices call for a gender-responsive approach to HIV prevention for women, including those who use drugs and those who engage in sex work. This paper draws on multiple qualitative data sources collected over five years in Ukraine to explore the notions of gender, women and family that buttress HIV-related programmes for women. Our analysis reveals that service providers often cast women as hapless victims of unfortunate family circumstances and troubled personal relationships that produce sudden poverty, or social strivers who seek access to wealth and privilege at the expense of their health. Women are portrayed as most vulnerable to HIV when they lack a male 'protector'. We argue that the programmes constituted around these stereotypes of women and their vulnerabilities reflect new forms of institutional power that deflect attention away from gendered socio-economic processes that contribute to women's HIV vulnerability, including job insecurity and unemployment, workplace discrimination, unreliable social benefits and power imbalances within their relationships. We explore how to transform HIV prevention efforts to better address the causes of women's increased vulnerability to HIV in Ukraine and in Eastern Europe more generally.

  16. [Cross-sectional surveys on the use of recreational drug nitrous-acid-ester rush-poppers in men who have sex with men, Nanjing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Z P; Zhang, M; Xu, Y Y; Xu, W J; Liu, L; Wu, S S; Guo, L; Li, X

    2017-02-10

    Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ (2)= 14.879, P =0.000), which was 12.6% (86/681), 27.6% (121/439) and 20.8% (125/601) respectively. Rush poppers use was associated with HIV infection significantly ( OR =1.676, 95 %CI : 1.201-2.339, P =0.002). Compared with MSM without rush poppers use, the MSM with rush poppers use were mainly aged poppers use. Conclusion: Rush poppers use was related with HIV infection in MSM in Nanjing.

  17. Sõprus äratab! : Ärkamised ja karjed kino Sõpruse ajaloos / Laura Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Laura

    2010-01-01

    Kinos Sõprus näidati 1990ndate alguses punkansamblist Sex Pistols' valminud dokumentaalfilmi "The Great Rock'N'Roll Swindle" (Suurbritannia 1980), režissöör Julien Temple. Artiklis tsiteeritakse Juq-Kalle Raidi, Kojamehe, Erik Morna ja Tõnu Trubetsky muljeid

  18. Hüsteeria, seks ja selektiivne mälu / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Marge Monko näitus "Uurimusi kodanlusest" (Charcot' klassifitseeritud krambiasendeid esitab tantsija Krõõt Juurak) Hobusepea galeriis 17.-22. V; Jane Suviste ja Piibe Piirma näitus "Editeeritud mälu" Tallinna Linnagaleriis kuni 28. V; Andres Lõo kureeritud noortenäitus "Sex" Vaal-galeriis 2.-20. V

  19. Sex Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sex therapy Overview Sex therapy is a type of psychotherapy — a general term for treating mental health problems by talking with a mental health professional. Through sex therapy, you can address concerns about sexual function, ...

  20. [Vene impeerium ja Baltikum: venestus, rahvuslus ja moderniseerimine 19. sajandi teisel poolel ja 20. sajandi alguses. 1] / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Vene impeerium ja Baltikum : venestus, rahvuslus ja moderniseerimine 19. sajandi teisel poolel ja 20. sajandi alguses. I / koostanud Tõnu Tannberg, Bradley Woodworth. Eesti Ajalooarhiivi toimetised ; 16 (23). (Tartu : Eesti Ajalooarhiiv, 2009)

  1. Sosiaalinen asiakassuhdejohtaminen ja big data

    OpenAIRE

    Toivonen, Topi-Antti

    2015-01-01

    Tässä tutkielmassa käsitellään sosiaalista asiakassuhdejohtamista sekä hyötyjä, joita siihen voidaan saada big datan avulla. Sosiaalinen asiakassuhdejohtaminen on terminä uusi ja monille tuntematon. Tutkimusta motivoi aiheen vähäinen tutkimus, suomenkielisen tutkimuksen puuttuminen kokonaan sekä sosiaalisen asiakassuhdejohtamisen mahdollinen olennainen rooli yritysten toiminnassa tulevaisuudessa. Big dataa käsittelevissä tutkimuksissa keskitytään monesti sen tekniseen puoleen, eikä sovellutuk...

  2. Prosteettisten ja digitaalisten efektien merkitys kauhuelokuvassa

    OpenAIRE

    Sariola, Sari

    2011-01-01

    Käsittelen opinnäytetyössäni sitä, miten erilaiset tekniikat tehdä erikoistehosteet vaikuttavat elokuvaan ja sen realistisuuteen. Rajasin tutkimuksen kohteen kauhuelokuvagenreen ja yhteen sen vanhimmista hirviöistä, ihmissuteen. Lähestyn aihetta vertailemalla kolmea eri kauhuelokuvaa. Keskityn vertailtavissa elokuvissa ennen kaikkea ihmissusien muodonmuutoskohtauksiin ja niiden yleiseen uskottavuuteen, sekä tekniikoihin joilla kohtaukset toteutettiin. Tutkielmassa vertailuun käytetyt elo...

  3. Klassika ja eksootika radadel / Toivo Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Toivo

    2009-01-01

    David Oistrahhi festivali raames toimuvatest kontsertidest: 12. juulil Eliisabeti kirikus esinevad Peterburi festivali kammerorkester (dirigent Kiyotaka Teraoka), plokkflöödimängija Genevieve Lacey Austraaliast, bassilaulja Vjatšeslav Luhhanin ja oboemängija Hanjafi Tšinakajev Venemaalt, klaveriduo Vladima Jeremjan ja Heili-Kristel Kaasik Eestist ja Soomest ning festivali kunstiline juht Allar Kaasik tšellol. 14. juulil Pärnu kontserdimajas esineb ansambel Gypsy Devils Slovakkiast koos Allar Kaasikuga. Esitatavatest teostest

  4. 20. X avati arhitektuuri- ja disainigaleriis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Väljapanek "Vaateaken Eesti ekspositsioonile Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil". Eestit esindab 9. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil Eesti Arhitektide Liidu projekt "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur", idee autor Kristjan Holm, kaasautorid Liina Jänes ja Pille Epner. Kabli rannast Veneetsiasse teisaldatud puust hobusekujulise välikäimla on loonud Agu Külm ja Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara. Ku-Ku klubis esilinastus Marianne Kõrveri, Rain Tolgi ja Andres Maimiku dokumentaalfilm "Surm Veneetsias"

  5. Glioomien diagnoosi ja ennuste - molekyylidiagnostiikan mahdollisuudet

    OpenAIRE

    Haapasalo, Joonas; Hyartt, Antti; Salmi, Minja; Nordfors, Kristiina; Lahtela, Sirpa-Liisa; Kähkönen, Marketta; Helén, Pauli; Haapasalo, Hannu

    2014-01-01

    Glioomat ovat aivojen tukisolukasvaimia ja primaarisista aivokasvaimista yleisimpiä. Diffuusien glioomien hoito perustuu kasvaimen kirurgiseen poistoon sekä säde- ja solunsalpaajahoitoon. Diagnoosi tehdään kasvaimen histopatologisesta tutkimuksesta, jota voidaan nykyisin täydentää molekyylidiagnostisilla tutkimuksilla. Esitämme Tampereen yliopistollisessa sairaalassa vuosina 1983-2009 hoidettujen glioomapotilaiden ennustetta kuvaavia uusia menetelmiä, joista tärkeimpiä ovat IDH-mutaation ja 1...

  6. Aknad ja trepid taevasse / John Snelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Snelson, John

    2008-01-01

    Londoni firmas VX Design töötava arhitekti Ian Chee T-maja Londonis Chelseas. Hoonel on seinalaiuses sisehoovi avanevad aknad ja katuseaknad. Ülemisele korrusele viiv terasega ümbritsetud ja klaasist astmetega trepp "ripub" seina küljes. Sisustuses näeb Arne Jacobseni, Althea Wilsoni, Antonio Citterio, VX Design'i kujundatud mööblit ja esemeid. 11 värv. vaadet

  7. Kriisi journalismissa: Kansakunnan katastrofit ja muuttuva professio

    OpenAIRE

    Koljonen, Kari

    2013-01-01

    Journalismin väitetään olevan kriisissä. Mediatutkijoiden mukaan journalismi on kaupallistunut, viihteellistynyt ja yhdenmukaistunut, minkä seurauksena julkinen keskustelu on kaventunut, journalismin arvo yleisölle kyseenalaistunut ja toimitustyö muuttunut teolliseksi sisällöntuotannoksi. Journalismin kriisiin on viitattu myös katastrofiuutisoinnin muutoksista käydyssä keskustelussa. Etenkin Jokelan koulusurmien yhteydessä esiintyi näkemyksiä journalismin laadun heikentymisestä ja journalisti...

  8. [Max Weber. Poliitika kui elukutse ja kutsumus. Teadus kui elukutse ja kutsumus] / Hermo Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Hermo, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Weber, Max. Poliitika kui elukutse ja kutsumus ; Teadus kui elukutse ja kutsumus / tõlkijad: Jaan Isotamm, Henn Käärik, Kaia Sisask. Tallinn : TLU Press, 2010. (Bibliotheca controversiarum)

  9. Alguses oli Arvo Pärdi muusika ja siis tulid Jalakas ja videokunstnikud / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    Tõnu Kaljuste ja Peeter Jalaka lavastusest "Alguses oli", lavastuse aluseks Arvo Pärdi teosed "In Principio" ja "Miserere", 17. augustil Noblesse valukojas toimunud etendusest, muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste

  10. Aletamine maastikukujunduse- ja kultuuritegurina Põhja- Euroopas ja Eestis / Ülle Tarkiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Ülle, 1957-

    2014-01-01

    Aletamise vormidest. Alesavolastest ja ale põletamisega seotud müütidest. Alepõletamise algusest Eestis. Aletamise kajastumisest 17. sajandi allikmaterjalides. Metsapõldudest viljatootmise ja uusasustuse ressursina. Aletamise marginaliseerumisest.

  11. Kiriku maaomand ja maakasutus Eestis 19. sajandil ja 20. sajandi algul / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Evangeelse luteriusu kiriku maaomandist Eestis, kirikumaade õiguslikust alusest, suurusest ja struktuurist, kirikumõisate pidamisest, õigeusu kiriku maadest. Kiriku maavaldus oli kujunenud ajalooliselt ja oli Eesti ulatuses piirkonniti suuresti erinev

  12. Teledokumentalistika hiilgusest ja viletsusest / Maria Ulfsak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulfsak, Maria, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Leedu teleprogrammide ja -filmide festivalil "Amber arch" ("Merevaigust arkaad") võitis peapreemia Priit Valkna dokumentaalfilm "Hunt", mille tootis Allfilm ETV "Eesti lugude" dokumentaalsarja. Ka teistest festivali filmidest

  13. Hoia ja keela / Allar Aron, Eduard Sizov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aron, Allar, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Kunda linnapea Allar Aroni ning keskkonnaministeeriumi keskkonnakorralduse ja -tehnoloogia osakonna keskkonnakorralduse peaspetsialisti Eduard Sizovi erinevatest seisukohtadest Kunda Hiiemäele kavandatava tuulepargi küsimuses

  14. Web 2.0 - Haasteet ja mahdollisuudet

    OpenAIRE

    Nordbäck, Nina

    2010-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö kertoo, mitä Web 2.0 on, ottaa esille sen haasteita ja mahdollisuuksia yrityksien liiketoimintaan keskittyneenä ja selvittää kuinka sosiaalisia medioita käytetään erilaisissa yrityksissä. Työ keskittyy myös internetpalveluiden käytettävyyteen. Sosiaaliset mediat ovat internetissä toimivia yhteisöjä, blogeja, video- ja kuvapalveluita, verkkokauppoja ja keskustelupalstoja, joissa internetkäyttäjät pääsevät jakamaan tietoa keskenään. Sosiaaliselle medialle tyypillistä ovat usei...

  15. Keerulised ja põnevad / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-2018

    2009-01-01

    22. oktoobril Tallinnas Rock Cafes toimunud ansambli KTU (Kimmo Pohjonen, Lee Patrick Mastelotto, Trey Gunn) kontserdist ja 25. oktoobril Salme Kultuurikeskuses etendunud Heiner Goebbelsi lavastusest "Eraritjaritjaka"

  16. Sotsiaalkapitali elemendid ja allikad / Eve Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Eve, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Sotsiaalkapitali üksikute komponentide olemusest, alamliikidest, tekkemehhanismidest ja seostest, võimalustest sotsiaalkapitali sihipäraseks loomiseks majanduspoliitiliste meetmetega. Tabelid. Skeemid

  17. Vibujahist nii ja naa / Kaarel Roht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roht, Kaarel, 1949-

    2005-01-01

    20. oktoobril korraldas Soome Jahimeeste Keskliit koos Soome Vibulaskurite Seltsiga riigi jahindusametnikele Laitiala Õppekeskuses ühepäevase seminari, tutvustamaks ja reklaamimaks jahipidamist vibuga

  18. Ilusad, otstarbekad ja nutikad / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2011-01-01

    Konkursi "Eesti parimad interjöörid ja disain 2010" võidutööd: ADM Interactive'i bürooruumid (Ühiskondliku interjööri preemia), kohvik Supelsaksad (Söögikoha interjööri preemia), välinäitus "Eesti kirjanik karikatuuris" (Näituse ja installatsiooni kujunduse preemia), Kihnu muuseum (Ajaloolise interjööri preemia). Nimetatud võidutööde autorid ja žürii koosseis. Nominentide töödest on avatud Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis 31. maini näitus

  19. Videopelikerronnan potentiaali ja mahdollisuudet : interaktiivinen tarinankerronta videopeleissa

    OpenAIRE

    Koljonen, Topi

    2015-01-01

    Tarkastelen opinnäytetyössäni tarinavetoisten videopelien interaktiivista tarinankerrontaa ja nostan esille sen potentiaalin. Videopeleillä ja peleillä tarkoitetaan tässä opinnäytetyössä pelejä, joiden pelaamiseen tarvitaan käyttäjäänsä reagoiva käyttöliittymä sekä näyttöpääte. Vertailemalla peli- ja elokuvakerrontaa esitän tarinankerronnallisen kehittämisehdotuksen siitä, kuinka videopeleissä on mahdollista kertoa tietynlaisia tarinoita muita formaatteja paremmin....

  20. Putin ja Bush pakuvad peaministreid / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini otsusest enne presidendivalimisi tagandada valitsus. USA presidendi George W. Bushi probleemist Haiti presidendi ja peaministri ametikohaga seoses riigis valitseva kriisiga

  1. Perhekeskeisyys lasten ja nuorten teho-osastolla

    OpenAIRE

    Sirola, Outi

    2015-01-01

    Lapsen joutuminen lasten teho-osastolle aiheuttaa kriisin sekä potilaalle että koko perheelle. Perhekeskeisen hoitotyön avulla pyritään lisäämään vanhempien luottamusta ja yhteistyötä sekä tämän kautta vähentämään potilaan ja vanhempien ahdistusta. Tämän kehittämisprojektin tavoitteena oli kehittää perhekeskeisyyttä Turun yliopistollisen keskussairaalan lasten ja nuorten teho-osastolla. Projektin tarkoituksena oli toimintakulttuurin muuttaminen perhekeskeisempään suuntaan ja sitä kautta lapse...

  2. SESK ja SEKK / Toomas Pill ; T. Pill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pill, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    3. mail toimunud koosolekul tegi Heidi Aedma ettepaneku korraldada Sydney Eesti Seenioride Koondise kokkutulekud laupäeviti ja soovituse asendada endine nimi teisiti - Sydney Eesti Kultuuriklubi (SEKK)

  3. Meditsiinireform ja selle mõju diabeetikutele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Oktoobris 2002 jõustunud ravikindlustuse seadusest. Lisatud sotsiaalministrile saadetud kirjad seoses seadusemuudatustega ja artikkel ajalehest Postimees (2003) 16. apr. Lisa : kust leian oma endokrinoloogi : [haiglate loend

  4. M Road Oy: Arvo-ja laatudokumentti

    OpenAIRE

    Röynä, Mira

    2017-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena on yrityksen arvot ja laatutekijät. Opinnäytetyön tutkimuksellinen näkökulma syntyy konstruktiivisesta tutkimuksesta sekä kyselystä ja tiimityöskentelystä. Työssä tutustutaan tarkasti arvojen ja laatutekijöiden teoriaan, joiden pohjalta analysoidaan työntekijäkyselyn ja tiimityöskentelyn tuloksia. Työn tavoitteena on saada yhdistettyä franchaising-yritys M Road Oy:n arvot koko M Room –ketjun arvoja vastaavaksi, sekä parantaa yrityksen tuottamaa laatua. Toimeksiantaja...

  5. Trends in HIV seroprevalence, AIDS and prevention policy among intravenous drug users and men who have sex with men, before and after 1990 in Austria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piribauer, Franz; Duer, Wolfgang

    1998-01-01

    This study reports for the first time on secular trends in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS, and possible associations with prevention policy in Austria. We analysed HIV seroprevalence and AIDS cases among intravenous drug users (IDU) and men who have sex with men (MSM). In this study we found a diminished rate of increase in new cases of AIDS and a decline in HIV seroprevalence among IDU but not among MSM. Among clients visiting HIV counselling and testing centres in Austria between 1987 and 1990, seroprevalence among IDU was estimated at 27.9% as compared to 19.6% between 1990 and 1992 (odds ratio: 0.62; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.45-0.85). Among MSM corresponding prevalence for these two periods was 12.1% and 10.9%, respectively, which was not a significant decline. In the period 1990 to 1994, the increase in AIDS cases per half-year levelled off for IDU (incidence rate ratio (IRR): 1.00; 95% CI: 0.99-1.01) but to a lesser extent among MSM (IRR: 1.01; 95% CI: 1.01-1.02). The most effective prevention policy intervention was considered to be the national methadone maintenance program (MMTP), started in 1987, and the provision of sterile injection equipment. We observed that in the recent period there was a decline in the frequency of attendance among young (less than 28 years of age) MSM at counselling centres (odds ratio (OR): 1.27; 95% CI: 1.08-1.49), accompanied by the observation that the rate of seroprevalence among this group did not decline. This is in contrast to young IDU where attendance did not decline but seroprevalence did. Although inference is limited from cross sectional studies, we argue for a reoriented and effectively monitored HIV prevention policy focused on young MSM

  6. Ühinemise ja iseolemise vastuseis. Ideaalid ja reaalsus / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2001-01-01

    Mängufilmid "Keiser ja palgamõrtsukas" ("Jing ke ci qin wang") : režissöör Chen Kaige : Jaapan-Hiina-Prantsusmaa 1999 ja "Tiiger ja draakon" ("Wo hu chang long") : režissöör Ang Lee : Hiina-Hongkong-Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000. Lisa : Aare Ermeli koostatud Chen Kaige ja Ang Lee loomingu lühikokkuvõtted. Kokkuvõte inglise keeles lk. 128

  7. Sotsiaalsed probleemid Eesti ühiskonnas - meeste ja naiste hinnangud 1993. ja 1998. aastal / Eda Heinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Eda, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Uurimusest, mille andmestik pärineb TPÜ Rahvusvaheliste ja Sotsiaaluuringute Instituudi perekonnasotsioloogide poolt 1993. ja 1998.a. läbi viidud elanikkonnaküsitlustest "Eesti 93" ja "Eesti 98", kus ühe bloki moodustas sotsiaalsete probleemide küsimustik

  8. Avatud meeled ja intellektuaalsed mõttemängud / Gerhard Lock ja Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    10. sünnipäeva tähistava Küberstuudio tegevusest. 2. märtsil Kumu auditooriumis etendunud Monika Mattieseni ja Hasso Krulli multimeediaooperist "Loomise mõnu", kavas olid ka Mirjam Tally ja Erkki-Sven Tüüri elektroakustilised teosed flöödile ja kammerorkestrile

  9. Kolm Armastust ja Anarhiat. Nekrofiil, drellimõrvar ja John Woo Tallinnas / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2009-01-01

    Helsingi filmifestivali "Armastus ja Anarhia" mitme seansi toimumisest Eestis 1993.a. septembris : Abel Ferrara "Drellimõrvar" ("Driller Killer", 1979), sakslase Jörg Buttgereiti "Nekromantik" (1987) ja "Nekromantik 2" (1991), John Woo "Hard Boiled" (1993). Buttgereit ja Woo olid ka ise kohal

  10. Igavene juuli : näitleja ja lavastaja suvedialoog / Mati Unt ja Andrus Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Mati, 1944-2005

    2004-01-01

    Mati Unt ja Andrus Vaariku vestlus näitleja ja lavastaja omavahelisest koostööst. Näitleja kui dirigent Andrus Vaariku arvates. Dialoogi vahel on avaldatud katkendid Elias Canetti "Mass ja võim" ("Masse und Macht") Mati Sirkeli tõlkes

  11. Kultuurmaastike ja elukeskkonna kujunemine ning hoidmine, sh poollooduslike koosluste taastamine ja hooldamine, mets, keskkond, loodushoid ja sood / Kaul Nurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurm, Kaul

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates tuleb maaelu uue arengukava väljatöötamisel keskmesse tõsta talupere ja sellised struktuurid, mis suudavad ning soovivad alalhoidlikke tootmisviise rakendada, aidates nii oma tegevusega kaasa puhta ja mitmekesise looduse kujunemisele, säilimisele

  12. Eestimaine feng shui talus ja mõisas / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Geobioloogia ja feng shui asjatundjad Siret ja Janno Seeder on uurinud ja mõõtnud Eesti talukohtade ja mõisate energeetikat. Ilmneb, et on osatud end loodusenergiatega tasakaalu seada. S. ja J. Seederi nõuandeid uue maja ehitajaile

  13. Praktikaõpe toitlustus- ja majutusvaldkonna koolituses / Sirje Rekkor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rekkor, Sirje

    2002-01-01

    Kehtna Majandus- ja Tehnoloogiakooli koostööst Eesti Riikliku Eksami- ja Kvalifikatsioonikeskuse, Eesti Hotellide ja Resoranide Liidu, Jyväskylä Catering Institutèga Soome Vabariigist ja Escuela de Hosteleria de Malaga Hispaania Kuningriigist toitlustuse ja majutuse praktikaõppe parandamise eesmärgil

  14. Practical Kunst ja Kodu (Art and Home) / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Ajakirjast "Kunst ja Kodu" (1958-1990), mis pakkus eesti sisearhitektide ja tarbekunstnike ideid ja soovitusi kodu planeerimiseks ja sisustamiseks, tekstiilide, mööbli jm. isetegemiseks eesmärgiga tõsta lugejate esteetilist maitset kodukultuuri osas. 5. Tallinna rakenduskunsti triennaali satelliitnäitus "Praktiline Kunst ja Kodu" (kuraator K. Lobjakas) Tallinnas Hobusepea galeriis 14.-23. nov. 2009

  15. Objekti ja tegevuse leksikaalne markeeritus eesti õppijakeeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pille Eslon

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Uurimus on osa laiemast projektist, milles võrreldakse õppijakeelt eesti keele fraseoloogilise ainese ja standardkirjakeelega. Artiklis käsitletakse objekti ja tegevust iseloomustavate leksikaalsete markeritega (markeeritud ning ilma markeriteta (Ø-markeeritusega objektifraase ja kirjeldatakse nende kasutuspiiranguid. Objektifraasid on leitud erinevatest keelekasutusvariantidest teksti- ja sõnastikusageduse põhjal: valitud on vaid lauses verbist paremale jäävad objekti sisaldavad kontekstid. Objektifraasid on reastatud verbivormide sageduse alusel, misjärel on välja arvutatud iga tüvemorfeemi osakaal eesti õppijakeeles ja fraseoloogilises aineses. Erinevate valimite põhjal saadud andmete võrdlusest nähtub, et nii sagedaste tuumverbide kui ka harva esinevate täistähenduslike verbide esindumus on samalaadne. Käesoleva uurimuse tarbeks on valitud nelja kõige sagedasema verbi (andma, tegema, võtma ja saama objektifraasid. Järgnenud kvalitatiivses analüüsis ning tulemuste interpreteerimisel ei tugineta fraasistruktuuri grammatikale ega semantilistele rollidele, vaid objektifraasi markeerituse metamõistele, mille abil on lingvistikas tavaliselt kirjeldatud foneetiliste tunnuste ja morfoloogiliste kategooriate opositsioone. Artiklis on vastandatud leksikaalsete markeritega (markeeritud ning leksikaalsete markeriteta (Ø-markeeritusega objektifraasid. Objekti on eesti õppijakeeles määratletud tavaliselt kvaliteedi- ja kvantiteedisõnadega, tegevust adressaadi ning kvantiteedi- ja rõhusõnadega. Uurimus võimaldab vastata küsimusele, miks on objekti ja tegevust leksikaalselt markeeritud (määratletud, miks jäetud markeerimata; missugused on objektifraasi markeerituse/markeerimatuse semantilised, leksikaalgrammatilised, morfosüntaktilised ja struktuursed piirangud.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5128/LV22.01

  16. Privileegide ja immuniteetide olemusest, tähtsusest ja vajalikkusest Euroopa Liidus - võrdlev analüüs : [bakalaureusetöö] / Eve-Ly Luik ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Heiki Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luik, Eve-Ly

    2000-01-01

    Privileegid ja immuniteedid, organisatsiooni privileegid ja immuniteedid, isikute privileegid ja immuniteedid, Euroopa Liidu institutsioonide ja ametiisikute privileegide ja immuniteetide ulatuse vajalikkusest

  17. Etendus ja mõtestus / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Gabriel Garcia Marqueze/ Toomas Hussari "Sada aastat..." Vanemuise teatris Hendrik Toomepere jun.lavastuses ja Ervin Õunapuu kujunduses, sotsiaaalselt mõtestatud teatri näiteina on juttu ka Mart Kivastiku näidendite "Külmetava kunstniku portree" ja "Põrgu wärk" ning Õunapuu-Uttoni monotüki "Adolf" lavastustest

  18. Gorenje : täiuslikkus ja disain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sloveenia kodutehnikat tootvast ettevõttest Gorenje. Eesmärgiks on toota innovatiivset, tehniliselt täiuslikku ja disainitud kodutehnikat, mis oleks kasutaja- ja keskkonnasõbralik. Pininfarina sarja teisest põlvkonnast. Prantsuse disaineri Ora Ito loodud omanimelisest sarjast

  19. Euroopa ja Venemaa suhted / Fraser Cameron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cameron, Fraser

    2008-01-01

    Väide, et planeeritav gaasitoru rajamine Läänemerre viib Venemaa suurenenud militaartegevuseni sealses piirkonnas, ei ole õige ja on murettekitav, et turvalisuspoliitika lipu all võimendatakse Euroopa Liidu ja Venemaa vahelisi pingeid, kirjutab Euroopa Liidu Vene keskuse juhataja

  20. ELi institutsioonide ja juhtimise reform / Ivar Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raig, Ivar, 1953-

    2003-01-01

    Kuna Eestist võib 2004. aasta mais saada EL-i liige, siis on vaja kujundada seisukoht, milline EL-i institutsioonide ja juhtimise reform oleks kõige vastuvõetavam Eesti kui erilise majanduspoliitikaga väikeriigi huvidest lähtuvalt. Märkused valitsuse sellekohaste seisukohtade suhtes ja ettepanekud nende muutmiseks või täiendamiseks

  1. Ajalugu, ajaloo õppimine ja õpetamine / Mare Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Mare

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Ajalooõpetajate Selts korraldas 31. jaanuaril 2003.a. Tartus EUROCLIO (European Standing Conference of History Teachers' Association) ja EAS-i integratsioonialase koostööprojekti Integration of Society Estonia/Latvia raames ümarlaua teemal "Ajalugu, ajaloo õppimine ja õpetamine"

  2. Sosinad ja karjed Linnateatri Taevalaval / Anu Aun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aun, Anu

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor lõpetab hooaja orienditeemaliste kammerooperitega Tallinna Linnateatri Taevalaval - B. Britteni ooper "Curlew River" (lavastaja M. Koldits) ja H. Tulve "It is getting so Dark" (lavastaja A. Lamp), kunstnik I. Hermeliin ja videokunstnik T. H. Varres, dirigent P. Hillier. Esietendus 16. juunil

  3. Linn otsib logo ja tunnusmuusikat / Erki Varma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varma, Erki

    2003-01-01

    Konkursile Tallinna linna logo ja tunnusmuusika saamiseks laekunud töid ei peetud õnnestunuiks. Žüriis Aavo Ermel, Jüri Kass ja Riho Rõõmus. Kommentaar Allan Alakülalt. Reklaamibüroo Zoom 6 kavandit

  4. Disainilugu metallis ja tekstiilis / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Tekstiilikunstniku Hilja Kullese juubelinäitus "Õhtu" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disanimuuseumis. Näitus "Roman Tavasti juveelifirma koolimärgid 1923-2010" Tallinna Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Keraamik Leo Rohlini näitus "Nokturn" Hop-galeriis

  5. Kunsti ja klubi sümbioos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    7. IX-6. X EKMi saalis Rotermanni soolalaos Marko Mäetamme ja inglaste Peter Nevini ning Lucy Harrisoni näituseprojekt "X mistakes Y for Z". 11. IX Kiwa Lolita audio-performance, 12. IX Andres Lõo ja Kiwa loeng, Mustamäe haiglas projekt "Tervenemine" (kuraator August Künnapu)

  6. Tele2 kutsus kliendid teatrisse ja kontsertidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Suvel kutsus Tele 2 kliendid Victor Hugo loo "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees" muusikalisele vaatemängule Tartus (lavastajad Urmas Lennuk ja Andres Dvinjaninov), Muhu Tulevikumuusika festivalile "Juu Jääb" ja Tallinna Linnateatri suvelavastusele "Ronk" (lavastaja Elmo Nüganen)

  7. Seiklusfilme maalt ja merelt / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    2001-01-01

    Sõjafilm "U-571" : stsenarist ja režissöör Jonathan Mostow : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000 ja mängufilm "Ülemine piir" ("Vertical Limit") : režissöör Martin Campbell : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000

  8. Uudiseid ja meeldetuletusi raamatukogult / Karin Tulve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulve, Karin

    2000-01-01

    2000. aastast on TPÜ raamatukokku ostetud EBSCO online andmebaasid, augustist on võimalik kasutada referaat- ja täistekstandmebaasi Academic Search FullText International 15 CD-ROM-il ja septembrist humanitaarteaduste bibliograafilist andmebaasi Sophia : European Databases in the Humanities CD-ROM-il

  9. See kiretu ja kirglik teadus / Urmas Petti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petti, Urmas, 1965-2016

    2013-01-01

    Autor arutleb teemal: mis vahe on teadusel ja religioonil Amélie Nothomb'i romaani "Jumala lapsepõlv" (orig. "Métaphysique des tubes") näitel. Viidatud ka füüsik Peeter Saari artiklile "Libateaduse anatoomiast ja taksonoomiast", Akadeemia 2008/10, lk 2237

  10. KGB, Stasi ja Eesti luureajalugu / Ivo Juurvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurvee, Ivo, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Väidetest Saksa luure koostöö kohta Balti riikidega 1930ndatel aastatel. Nende väidete algallikatest ja paikapidavusest. Nimetatud väidete teaduskäibesse toojast Leonid Barkovist ja Barkovi väidete levitajatest ajalookirjanduses Edgar Siegfried Meosest ning Julius Maderist. Paljukorratud väidete usaldusväärseiks pidamise ohust

  11. Näitused Sagadis ja Palmses

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Sagadis eksponeeritakse hollandi poeedi, esseisti ja fotograafi Rommert Boonstra fotonäitust "Flowering inferno" ja maalikunstnik Tiiu Ahmani meremaale. Palmse mõisas Valli Lember-Bogatkina akvarellide näitus. Karepal Sagritsa muuseumis saab vaadata V. Lember-Bogatkina 1985. a. Kuuba reisi muljeid

  12. Puit õhkab soojust ja mugavust / Harri Treial

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treial, Harri, 1930-2018

    2005-01-01

    Konkursil "Eesti parim puitehitis 2003-2004" I koha saanud ridaelamu (Tallinn, Räägu t. 33) konstruktsioonist. Arhitekt Aivo Schults, AB Schults ja Partnerid OÜ. Konstruktor Ado Soans, arhitektuuri- ja inseneribüroo Esplan. Ehitaja: OÜ Merdof. Ill.: 2 värv. välisvaadet

  13. Miks, kuidas ja kellele? / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi "Kuidas seletada pilte surnud jänesele" teatris NO99, Priit Võigemasti "Hecuba pärast" Tallinna Linnateatris ja koreograaf-esitaja Mart Kangro "Can't Get No Satisfaction" Kanuti Gildi saalis

  14. Villem Nano, pedagoog ja haritlane / Villem Normak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normak, Villem

    2009-01-01

    Matemaatikaõpetaja, koolijuhi Villem Nano elust ja tegevusest. 1. juulil 1919 käivitas Villem Nano Tallinna õpetajate seminari, millest on läbi mitme nime- ja staatusemuudatuse kujunenud välja tänane Tallinna Ülikool

  15. Tõutervishoiust ja sundsteriliseerimisest Eestis / Ken Kalling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalling, Ken, 1963-

    1997-01-01

    Eugeenika õpetamisest Tartu Ülikoolis 1920.-30. aastatel, 1927. ja 1935. a. Eesti Rahvusliku Kasvatuse kongressidest ning 1937. a. sundsteriliseerimise seadusest. 1939.a. loodi Tartu Ülikooli juurde Eugeenika Instituut. Steriliseerimise eetiline ja meditsiiniline külg

  16. Kodumaine ja nooruslik / Piret Veigel, Irene Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veigel, Piret, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Arhitekt Vahur Sova projekteeritud ökomaja eeskujul kujundatud elutuba. Värvivalik on inspireeritud looduse sügistalvistest toonidest ja naturaalsetest materjalidest. Stilistid Piret Veigel ja Irene Roos. Vineerkapi on kujundanud Tarmo Luisk, laua Jan J. Graps, sirmi Igor Volkov

  17. Puitarhitektuur ja puit arhitektuuris / Piret Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindpere, Piret, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Näitus "Eesti puitarhitektuur" Rotermanni soolalaos 12. septembrini. Koostajad Karin Hallas (stiiliajalugu) ja Epi Tohvri (väikelinnad). Kujundaja Ralf Tamm. Puitarhitektuuri säilitamisest Tallinnas ja väikelinnades. Puidu arhitektuuris kasutamise näide ئ 1998. a. valminud Linnamäe kool Läänemaal (arhitekt Tiit Trummal).

  18. Muusika : Vesi, ulme ja alleaa / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2000-01-01

    29.-30. dets. 1999 toimunud aastalõpufestivalist "Sünnisõnad" - F. Langi tummfilmist "Metropolis", filmi juurde loodud muusikast Metropolis Projekti esituses, G. Bryarsi teose "Titanicu hukk", A. Pärdi teoste "Cantique des degres" ja "Te Deum", E.-S. Tüüri teose "Ante finem saeculi" ja Tormise teose "Sünnisõnad" ettekannetest

  19. Noor-Eesti ja Murelaps / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Noor-Eesti 100 : kriitilisi ja võrdlevaid tagasivaateid = Young Estonia 100 : critical and comparative retrospectives : [artiklikogumik Tallinna Ülikoolis 9. mail 2005 peetud rahvusvahelise seminari "Noor-Eesti 100" ettekannete põhjal] / koostanud ja toimetanud Elo Lindsalu. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli kirjastus, 2006

  20. Dagmari ja Epu ühised lapsed

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Petrone, Epp. Minu Ameerika : reportaaže ja pihtimusi 2003-2006. 1. osa. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007 ; Petrone, Epp ; Reintam, Dagmar. Õun ära süüa? : [SL Õhtulehe populaarne suvejutt koos epiloogidega ja lisadega. Tallinn] : Pegasus, 2007 ; Reintam, Dagmar. daki.elab.siin. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007