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Sample records for serum thyroglobulin level

  1. Serum thyroglobulin levels in preterm infants with and without the respiratory distress syndrome. I. Cord blood study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, J. H.; Tegelaers, W. H.; de Vijlder, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Cord serum levels of thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in 147 term and preterm infants were related to gestation age, birth weight, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and several perinatal factors by means of multiple linear regression analysis. None of the perinatal factors

  2. Correlation of consecutive serum thyroglobulin levels during hormone withdrawal and failure of initial radioiodine ablation in thyroid cancer patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Hyuk Jin; Kim, Sung Hoon; O, Joo Hyun; Lee, Yeong Joo; Kim, Hyoung Woo [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seo, Ye Young [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, College of Medicine, The Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, Ji Young [Dept. of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of thyroglobulin (Tg) kinetics during preparation of radioiodine ablation for prediction of initial radioiodine ablation failure in thyroid cancer patients. Thyroid cancer patients after total thyroidectomy who underwent radioiodine ablation with 3–4 weeks of hormone withdrawal between May 2011 and January 2012 were included. Consecutive serum Tg levels 5–10 days before ablation (Tg1) and on the day of ablation (Tg2) were obtained. The difference between Tg1 and Tg2 (ΔTg), daily change rate of Tg (ΔTg/day) and Tg doubling time (Tg-DT) were calculated. Success of initial ablation was determined by the results of the follow-up ultrasonography, diagnostic radioiodine scan and stimulated Tg level after 6 to 20 months. A total of 143 patients were included. Failed ablation was reported in 52 patients. Tg2 higher than 5.6 ng/ml and Tg-DT shorter than 4.2 days were significantly related to a high risk of ablation failure. ΔTg and ΔTg/day did not show significant correlation with ablation failure. Thyroglobulin kinetics on consecutive blood sampling during hormone withdrawal may be helpful in predicting patients with higher risk of treatment failure of initial radioiodine ablation therapy in thyroid cancer patients.

  3. Postablation (131)I scintigraphy with neck and thorax SPECT-CT and stimulated serum thyroglobulin level predict the outcome of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciappuccini, Renaud; Heutte, Natacha; Trzepla, Géraldine; Rame, Jean-Pierre; Vaur, Dominique; Aide, Nicolas; Bardet, Stéphane

    2011-06-01

    Neck and thorax single photon emission computed tomography with computed tomography (SPECT-CT) improves the reliability of postablation (131)I whole-body scan (WBS) for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value for persistent or recurrent disease of postablation (131)I scintigraphy combining WBS and neck and thorax SPECT-CT with that of the previously known predictive factors. This is a single referral center prospective study with a median follow-up of 29 months. Postablation (131)I WBS and neck and thorax SPECT-CT were performed in 170 consecutive patients treated between 2006 and 2008. Stimulated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) levels were measured. The impact on disease-free survival of age; gender; postablation (131)I scintigraphy; stimulated serum Tg level; T, N, and M status; and macroscopic lymph node involvement was assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses. Persistent or recurrent disease was observed in 32 (19%) patients. In the whole group of patients, only positive WBS with SPECT-CT was related to an increased risk of persistent or recurrent disease (hazards ratio (HR)=65.21, 95% confidence interval (CI)=26.03-163.39, P<0.0001). In patients without TgAb (n=146), both positive WBS with SPECT-CT (HR=18.86, 95% CI=5.02-70.85, P<0.0001) and serum Tg level ≥58 ng/ml (HR=4.42, 95% CI=1.18-16.53, P=0.0271) were associated with an increased risk. In patients with DTC, the cross analysis of postablation (131)I scintigraphy with neck and thorax SPECT-CT and stimulated serum Tg level enables early assessment of the risk of persistent or recurrent disease.

  4. Utility of 99mTc-Hynic-TOC in 131I Whole-Body Scan Negative Thyroid Cancer Patients with Elevated Serum Thyroglobulin Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinto, Ajit S.; Kamaleshwaran, K. K.; Mallia, Madhav; Korde, Aruna; Samuel, Grace; Banerjee, Sharmila; Velayutham, Pavanasam; Damodharan, Suresh; Sairam, Madhu

    2015-01-01

    Several studies have reported on the expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the imaging abilities of a recently developed Technetium-99m labeled somatostatin analog, 99mTc-Hynic-TOC, in terms of precise localization of the disease. The study population consisted of 28 patients (16 men, 12 women; age range: 39-72 years) with histologically confirmed DTC, who presented with recurrent or persistent disease as indicated by elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels after initial treatment (serum Tg > 10 ng/ml off T4 suppression for 4-6 weeks). All patients were negative on the Iodine-131 posttherapy whole-body scans. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) was performed in all patients. SSTR scintigraphy was true positive in 23 cases (82.1%), true negative in two cases (7.1%) and false negative in three cases (10.7%) which resulted in a sensitivity of 88.46%, specificity of 100% and an accuracy of 89.2%. Sensitivity of 99mTc-Hynic-TOC scan was higher (93.7%) for patients with advanced stages, that is stages III and IV. 18F-FDG showed a sensitivity of 93.7%, a specificity of 50% and an accuracy of 89.3%. 18F-FDG PET was found to be more sensitive, with lower specificity due to false positive results in 2 patients. Analysis on a lesion basis demonstrated substantial agreement between the two imaging techniques with a Cohen's kappa of 0.66. Scintigraphy with 99mTc-Hynic-TOC might be a promising tool for treatment planning; it is easy to perform and showed sufficient accuracy for localization diagnostics in thyroid cancer patients with recurrent or metastatic disease. PMID:26097420

  5. Utility of (99m)Tc-Hynic-TOC in 131I Whole-Body Scan Negative Thyroid Cancer Patients with Elevated Serum Thyroglobulin Levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinto, Ajit S; Kamaleshwaran, K K; Mallia, Madhav; Korde, Aruna; Samuel, Grace; Banerjee, Sharmila; Velayutham, Pavanasam; Damodharan, Suresh; Sairam, Madhu

    2015-01-01

    Several studies have reported on the expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the imaging abilities of a recently developed Technetium-99m labeled somatostatin analog, (99m)Tc-Hynic-TOC, in terms of precise localization of the disease. The study population consisted of 28 patients (16 men, 12 women; age range: 39-72 years) with histologically confirmed DTC, who presented with recurrent or persistent disease as indicated by elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels after initial treatment (serum Tg > 10 ng/ml off T4 suppression for 4-6 weeks). All patients were negative on the Iodine-131 posttherapy whole-body scans. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) was performed in all patients. SSTR scintigraphy was true positive in 23 cases (82.1%), true negative in two cases (7.1%) and false negative in three cases (10.7%) which resulted in a sensitivity of 88.46%, specificity of 100% and an accuracy of 89.2%. Sensitivity of (99m)Tc-Hynic-TOC scan was higher (93.7%) for patients with advanced stages, that is stages III and IV. (18)F-FDG showed a sensitivity of 93.7%, a specificity of 50% and an accuracy of 89.3%. (18)F-FDG PET was found to be more sensitive, with lower specificity due to false positive results in 2 patients. Analysis on a lesion basis demonstrated substantial agreement between the two imaging techniques with a Cohen's kappa of 0.66. Scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-Hynic-TOC might be a promising tool for treatment planning; it is easy to perform and showed sufficient accuracy for localization diagnostics in thyroid cancer patients with recurrent or metastatic disease.

  6. Iodine uptake patterns om post-ablation whole body scans are related to elevated serum thyroglobulin levels after radioactive iodine therapy in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

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    Jeong, Geum Cheol; Song, Min Chul; Min, Jung Joon; Cho, Sang Geon; Kwon, Seong Young [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ki Seong; Kang, Sae Ryung; Kim, Ja Hae; Song, Ho Chun [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-12-15

    Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level is frequently elevated shortly after radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation therapy. The authors studied the relationship between the elevation of serum Tg after RAI therapy and iodine uptake pattern on post-ablation whole body scans (RxWBSs) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The study subjects were patients with PTC that had undergone first RAI therapy with thyroid hormone withdrawal after total thyroidectomy. Patients with a high level of serum anti-Tg antibody (TgAb, ≥ 60 U/mL), possible regional or distant metastasis as determined by pre-ablation or post-ablation studies, and negative iodine uptake of the anterior neck on RxWBS were excluded. Serum Tg was checked twice, that is, 7 days after (post-ablation Tg) and on the day of RAI therapy (pre-ablation Tg). Ratio of pre-ablation Tg to post-ablation Tg (Tg ratio) was used to assess changes in serum Tg levels after RAI therapy. Patients were classified into two groups according to the presence of midline uptake above the thyroidectomy bed on RxWBS (negative (group 1) or positive (group 2) midline uptake). Variables were subjected to analysis to identify differences between the two groups. Two hundred and fifty patients were enrolled in this study; 101 in group 1 and 149 in group 2. Based on univariate analysis, post-ablation Tg (8.12 ± 11.05 vs. 34.12 ± 54.31; P < 0.001) and Tg ratio (7.81 ± 8.98 vs. 20.01 ± 19.84; P < 0.001) were significantly higher in group 2. On the other hand, gender, tumor (T) stage, lymph node (N) stage, size, multiplicity or bilaterality of primary tumor, dose of 131I, serum TgAb and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level (before or after RAI therapy) were not significantly different in the two groups. Variables with P values of < 0.25 by univariate analysis were subjected to multivariate analysis, which showed post-ablation Tg (OR 1.060, 95 % CI = 1.028–1.092; P < 0.001) and Tg ratio (OR 1.059, 95 % CI

  7. Serum thyroglobulin reference values according to NACB criteria in healthy subjects with normal thyroid ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovanella, Luca; Imperiali, Mauro; Ferrari, Anna; Palumbo, Alessia; Furlani, Lino; Graziani, Maria Stella; Castello, Roberto

    2012-01-26

    The present study was undertaken to establish serum thyroglobulin (Tg) normal reference values in a large group of healthy subjects. Four hundred and thirty-eight non-smoking healthy subjects were selected to assess the Tg reference values (209 males, 229 non-pregnant females, age 34.7±13.1 years). Inclusion criteria were: no personal or familial history of thyroid disease, thyrotropin levels from 0.5 to 2.00 mUI/L, negative thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies. In addition, the patients had a normal size thyroid (females ≤18 mL, males ≤25 mL) without nodules on the thyroid ultrasound (TUS). According to National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) criteria the Tg results were transformed to a logarithmic scale and reference ranges were calculated as mean±2 SD. Serum Tg was measured on the Beckman Coulter UniCel DxI 800 automated platform by the simultaneous 1-step immunoenzymatic Access Thyroglobulin assay (Beckmann-Coulter SA, Nyon, Switzerland). Serum Tg levels were higher in females than in males (p=0.0022). Accordingly, gender-specific reference values were calculated (i.e., males: 1.40-29.2 ng/mL; females: 1.50-38.5 ng/mL). To the best of the authors' knowledge, the first reference interval study for Tg that integrates NACB criteria and TUS assessment for the selection of the reference population is provided here.

  8. Serum thyroglobulin in the monitoring of differentiated thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Carol; Tennant, Sarah; Perros, Petros

    2016-01-01

    Patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) usually have an excellent prognosis. Following surgical and radioiodine treatment to remove the cancer cells and suppressive doses of levothyroxine, long-term follow-up, including measurement of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) using a sensitive assay is required to detect recurrence. To interpret Tg results clinicians need to know the corresponding serum TSH concentration, have an appreciation of the clearance of Tg from patient serum following various interventions and the limitations of its measurement. The limitations of Tg immunoassay are well described and include potential interference from TgAb. For the majority of patients with DTC who are TgAb-negative, Tg measurement remains the most useful method of follow-up. For the TgAb-positive minority, interference and the possibility of producing erroneous results is a concern. Some assays are less badly affected than others and laboratories are advised to choose their assays carefully. Laboratories have sought to identify interferences using measurement of TgAb, lack of concordance between RIAs and immunometric assays and recovery of added Tg. More recently LC-MSMS assays to quantify Tg have been developed. They are not currently as sensitive as Tg immunoassays and it is likely these assays will, like immunoassays, be limited by Tg heterogeneity and standardization issues, although initial evaluations indicate that they may have value in the clinical setting as a second line test in antibody-positive DTC patients in whom Tg is unmeasurable by immunoassay.

  9. Short-term outcome of differentiated thyroid cancer patients receiving a second iodine-131 therapy on the basis of a detectable serum thyroglobulin level after initial treatment

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    Pace, Leonardo; Salvatore, Marco [Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomorfologiche e Funzionali, Napoli (Italy); C.N.R., Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Napoli (Italy); Klain, Michele; Albanese, Carmine; Salvatore, Barbara [Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomorfologiche e Funzionali, Napoli (Italy); Storto, Giovanni [C.N.R., Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Napoli (Italy); Soricelli, Andrea [Universita degli Studi Parthenope, Napoli (Italy)

    2006-02-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of high-dose{sup 131}I therapy administered only on the basis of raised serum Tg levels. Among patients treated with total or near-total thyroidectomy and{sup 131}I ablation, 76 (54 women and 22 men) with differentiated thyroid cancer (41 with follicular and 35 with papillary cancer) showed a detectable (i.e. >1.5 ng/ml) serum Tg level on l-thyroxine therapy during follow-up and were included in the study. In these patients, a further{sup 131}I therapy was scheduled (range 3.7-9.25 GBq, mean 6.087{+-}1.705). Five to seven days after this radioiodine therapy, patients underwent{sup 131}I post-therapy whole-body scan ({sup 131}I t-WBS). The serum Tg value at 12 months after{sup 131}I therapy was evaluated as an indicator of short-term response to radioiodine. At evaluation after 12 months, 21 (27.6%) of the 76 patients had a Tg value {<=}1.5 ng/ml, 12 (15.8%) showed a Tg decrease of at least 50%, 22 (29%) had only a minor decrease in Tg (<50%) and 21 (27.6%) did not show any decrease in Tg. {sup 131}I t-WBS was positive in 52 patients (68%, group A) and negative in 24 (32%, group B). Normalisation of Tg was observed in 15 patients (29%) of group A and in six patients (25%) of group B. Overall, 23 (44%) patients of group A and ten (42%) of group B showed a {>=}50% decrease in the Tg. Of the 52 patients of group A, 19 (36%) had local recurrence at {sup 131}I t-WBS, 18 (35%) showed lung involvement and 15, (29%) bone metastasis. On a patient basis, two (13%) of 15 patients with bone metastases, six (33%) of 18 patients with lung involvement and seven (37%) of 19 patients with local recurrence had Tg values at follow-up of {<=}1.5 ng/ml (p NS). Overall, seven (37%) patients with local recurrence, eight (44%) with lung involvement and eight (53%) with bone metastases showed a {>=}50% decrease in Tg. The findings of the present study suggest that the administration of therapeutic {sup 131}I only on the basis of elevated

  10. Salt iodization in Denmark and individual changes in thyroid size, thyroid nodularity and serum thyroglobulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejbjerg, Anne

    Iodine is an essential mineral for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Low iodine intake levels are associated with goitre and other iodine deficiency-related disorders that have affected billions of people worldwide. Until recently the iodine intake of many European populations was below the reco......Iodine is an essential mineral for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Low iodine intake levels are associated with goitre and other iodine deficiency-related disorders that have affected billions of people worldwide. Until recently the iodine intake of many European populations was below...... in the year 2000. A monitoring program entitled the Danish Investigation on Iodine Intake and Thyroid Diseases (DanThyr) was initiated before any iodization of salt had begun to improve knowledge on how to evaluate iodine status in a population and to study the effects of an increase in iodine intake. The aim...... of this PhD thesis was to evaluate individual changes in thyroid related variables associated with iodine fortification. We chose thyroid volume, thyroid nodularity and serum thyroglobulin as indicators of impact and evaluated possible changes in an 11-year follow-up investigation performed before and after...

  11. Clinical Usefulness of F-18 FDG PET/CT in papillary thyroid cancer with negative radioiodine scan and elevated thyroglobulin level or positive anti-thyroglobulin antibody

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    Choi, Su Jung; Jung, Kyung Pyo; Lee, Sun Seong; Park, Yun Soo; Lee, Seok Mo [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Sang Kyun [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    Elevated thyroglobulin (Tg) levels, along with a negative radioiodine scan, present a clinical problem for the diagnosis of recurrence in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients. The purpose of this study was to assess (1) the usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for PTC patients with negative diagnostic radioiodine scan and elevated serum Tg level or positive anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), and (2) the effect of endogenous thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation (ETS) on detecting recurrence in these circumstances. Eighty-four patients with negative diagnostic radioiodine scan and elevated serum Tg or positive TgAb under ETS were included. Correlation with clinicopathological features and recurrence, detectability of FDG PET/CT and cut-off value of serum Tg for recurrence in PTC patients with these circumstance were assessed. In addition, detectability of F-18 FDG PET/CT under ETS and suppression were compared. In Cox regression analysis, only serum Tg level was significantly associated with recurrence (P<0.001, HR  = 1.13; 95 % CI, 1.061–1.208). The cut-off level of Tg was 21.5 ng/mL (AUC, 0.919; P < 0.001) for discriminating the recurrence in the patients with positive PET/CT finding. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of F-18 FDG PET/CT for detecting recurrence were 64 %, 94 %, 86 %, 81 %, and 83 %. In the analysis of F-18 FDG PET/CT under ETS, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy was 64 %, 94 %, 88 %, 81 % and 83 %. Those under TSH suppression were 67 %, 92 %, 80 %, 85 % and 83 %. F-18 FDG PET/CT, although less sensitive, showed high specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy and therefore can be useful for the patients with negative diagnostic radioiodine scan and elevated serum Tg or positive TgAb. In addition, FDG PET/CT under ETS does not seem to have an additive role in detecting recurrence in these patients.

  12. Serum thyroglobulin before and after iodization of salt: an 11-year DanThyr follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejbjerg, Anne; Bjergved, Lena; Pedersen, Inge Bülow

    2015-01-01

    Our objective was to investigate individual serum thyroglobulin (Tg) changes in relation to iodine fortification (IF) and to clarify possible predictors of these changes. We performed a longitudinal population-based study (DanThyr) in two regions with different iodine intake at baseline: Aalborg ...

  13. Relations between various measures of iodine intake and thyroid volume, thyroid nodularity, and serum thyroglobulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lone Banke; Ovesen, L.; Bulow, I.

    2002-01-01

    Background: Iodine intake can be measured in various ways, and each method may have advantages and disadvantages. Objective: We sought to investigate the potential associations of various measures of iodine intake with thyroid volume, prevalence of thyroid nodules, and serum thyroglobulin. We also...... sought to identify, if possible, groups at risk of thyroid disease because of their food choices. Design: This cohort study included 4649 randomly selected subjects with mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency; the subjects lived in 2 cities in Denmark. Iodine intake was estimated by using a food......-frequency questionnaire and by measuring iodine excretion in spot urine samples. Thyroid volume and nodularity were measured with ultrasonography. Results: In multiple linear regression models, significant inverse relations were found between thyroid volume and estimated 24-h iodine excretion, iodine intake from diet...

  14. The clinical utility of Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive thyroglobulin ratio in serum for distinguishing benign from malignant conditions of the thyroid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Kayoko; Nakamura, Kenji; Kobatake, Shinzo; Satomura, Shinji; Maruyama, Masayuki; Kameko, Fumiko; Tajiri, Junichi; Kato, Ryoji

    2007-04-01

    Traditionally, the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma consists of periodic withdrawal from L-T4-suppressive therapy to allow performance of a highly sensitive serum Tg measurement to detect recurrences. We investigated Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive thyroglobulin ratios in serum to evaluate in usefulness for detection of thyroid carcinoma. The study was conducted on 93 serum sample from 23 healthy volunteers, 32 patients with benign thyroid tumor, 28 patients with thyroid carcinoma without metastasis, and 10 patients with thyroid carcinoma with lymph node metastasis. The Lens culinaris Agglutinin reactive thyroglobulin ratio in patients with thyroid carcinoma was significantly lower than in patients with benign thyroid tumor with serum thyroglobulin concentration >200 ng/ml. Among cases of thyroid carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, Lens culinaris Agglutinin reactive thyroglobulin ratios were significantly lower than in patient with thyroid carcinoma without metastasis and those with benign tumor regardless of serum thyroglobulin concentration. Measurement of Lens culinaris Agglutinin reactive thyroglobulin ratio in serum may be useful for distinguishing between thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid tumor.

  15. Photoassisted synthesis of luminescent mannose-Au nanodots for the detection of thyroglobulin in serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chih-Ching; Hung, Yu-Lun; Shiang, Yen-Chun; Lin, Tai-Yuan; Lin, Yu-Shen; Chen, Chao-Tsen; Chang, Huan-Tsung

    2010-02-01

    We have employed mannose-modified gold nanodots (Man-Au NDs) as a luminescence sensor for the detection of the thyroid-cancer marker thyroglobulin (Tg) in homogeneous solutions. The luminescent Man-Au NDs are prepared through the reaction of 2.9 nm-diameter gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with 11-mercapto-3,6,9-trioxaundecyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoside (Man-RSH) under the irradiation of a light-emitting diode (LED). We have found that the irradiation enhances the quantum yield (approximately 11%), alters the emission wavelength and lifetimes, and shortens the preparation time. A luminescence assay has been developed for Tg based on the competition between Tg and Man-Au NDs for the interaction with the concanavalin A (Con A). Because luminescence quenching of the Man-Au NDs by Con A is inhibited by Tg selectivity, we have obtained a highly sensitive and selective assay for Tg.

  16. Diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with TENIS syndrome: correlation with thyroglobulin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Elif; Yildirim Poyraz, Nilufer; Polat, Sefika Burcak; Turkolmez, Seyda; Ersoy, Reyhan; Cakir, Bekir

    2014-04-01

    The aim of the study was to disclose the place of (18)F-FDG PET/CT to predict recurrent disease in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), negative radioiodine whole-body scan (WBS) and high serum thyroglobulin (Tg). Seventy-one patients who underwent total thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine ablation and had negative radioiodine WBS but elevated Tg levels underwent PET/CT. They were followed up for 6-50 months (median 23) for the occurence of recurrent disease as detected by either clinical findings, other imaging modalities or histopathological examination. The place of PET/CT findings at baseline to predict the presence of recurrent disease was evaluated. Correlation between PET/CT findings and Tg levels was examined and a threshold for Tg level above which the predictive value of PET/CT was highest was determined. PET/CT was positive for recurrent disease in 38 (53.5%) patients. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT to predict the occurence of recurrent disease at follow-up were 68.8, 78.3, 86.8, 54.5 and 71.9%, respectively. The sensitivity, accuracy and PPV of PET/CT increased with increasing Tg levels. The highest diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT, with a sensitivity of 76.2% and a specificity of 100% to detect recurrent disease appeared to be at a Tg level greater than 29 ng/mL. Our findings suggest that (18)F-FDG-PET/CT is a valuable tool to predict the occurence of recurrent disease in patients with DTC, negative WBS and elevated Tg levels. PET/CT positivity has been shown to be strongly and positively correlated with Tg levels in this patient subset.

  17. Serum thyroglobulin as a biomarker of iodine deficiency in adult populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejbjerg, Anne; Bjergved, Lena; Bülow Pedersen, Inge

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To clarify which factors may influence the serum Tg level in an adult population and how this may affect Tg as a biomarker of iodine deficiency (ID). DESIGN AND METHODS: Two identical cross-sectional studies were performed before (C1a: 1997-98, n = 4649) and after (C2: 2004-05, n = 3570...... size and autonomy with low TSH). Others were caused by Tg assay interference (Tg-Ab positivity), aggravation of ID (childbirths and smoking) or TSH stimulation of the thyroid. Estimated 24-h urinary iodine excretion was a more sensitive predictor of Tg than UIC. Iodine supplement users had low median...... Tg values compared with nonusers both before and after IF. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors should be taken into consideration when evaluating Tg as a marker of ID in adult populations, and the Tg results may depend on the assay used. Still, Tg is a sensitive marker of ID. We suggest including...

  18. Thyroglobulin value in patients surgically treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikač Gostimir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Thyroglobulin is composed glycoprotein, and it is synthesized by follicular cells of the thyroid gland. Treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinomas involves total thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine ablation of a potential remaining tissue. The measurement of thyroglobulin in the postoperative follow-up can serve as an indicator of tumor growth or recurrence of the disease. Objective. The aim of this paper is to examine the value of thyroglobulin in patients surgically treated for differentiated thyroid cancer who had metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck, as well as in operated on patients without any evident metastasis. Methods. Thyroglobulin values in the serum of 58 patients were analyzed. Two groups were formed. The thyroglobulin value was established with the use of IRMA-hTg (125I system. Normal levels of thyroglobulin were from 2 ng/ml to 65 ng/ml. For all of 58 patients, thyroglobulin was determined three times. The first, so-called pre-ablation thyroglobulin was determined immediately before the application of 131I ablation dose. The second and the third measurements were conducted six to eight months and one year, respectively, after the application of the ablation dose respectively. Results. The first group consisted of 14 patients with histologically proven metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck, while the second group consisted of 44 patients without any evident metastases. The average thyroglobulin value of pre-ablation in the patients from the first group was 43.45 ng/ml, while in the second was 7.57 ng/ml. Levene’s test (with p = 0.00, i.e p < 0.05, demonstrated a statistically significant difference. Furthermore, in both groups, there was statistically significant difference between pre-ablation and post-ablation thyroglobulin values (Student’s t-test with p < 0.05. Conclusion It can be concluded that the average value of thyroglobulin was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastases

  19. Stimulated thyroglobulin level at ablation in differentiated thyroid cancer: the impact of treatment preparation modalities and tumor burden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciappuccini, Renaud; Hardouin, Juliette; Heutte, Natacha; Vaur, Dominique; Quak, Elske; Rame, Jean-Pierre; Blanchard, David; de Raucourt, Dominique; Bardet, Stéphane

    2014-08-01

    In patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), the stimulated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level at radioiodine ablation is a known predictive factor of persistent disease. This prognostic value is based on data obtained after thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW), but little is known about this prognostic value after recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) stimulation and about the relationship between the stimulated Tg level and the burden of persistent tumor. We aimed to assess the impact of both radioiodine preparation modalities and persistent tumor burden on stimulated Tg levels. The stimulated Tg level was measured at radioablation in 308 consecutive DTC patients without serum Tg antibodies. Of these, 123 (40%) were prepared with rhTSH and 185 with THW. Post-ablation scintigraphy included total-body scan and neck and thorax single photon emission computed tomography with computed tomography (SPECT-CT). During a mean follow-up of 43 months, persistent/recurrent disease (PRD) was found in 56 patients (18%). PRD was considered structural in the presence of lesions >1 cm and nonstructural otherwise. Nonstructural PRD was more frequent in the rhTSH group than in the THW group (64 vs 26%, P=0.01). Stimulated Tg levels were lower after rhTSH than after THW in patients with (13.5 vs 99.5 ng/ml, P<0.01) and without (1.2 vs 3.2 ng/ml, P<0.001) PRD. Also, Tg levels were lower in nonstructural disease than in structural disease in both rhTSH (3.8 vs 127.0 ng/ml, P<0.01) and THW (13.0 vs 143.5 ng/ml, P<0.0001) patients. The best Tg cutoff to predict PRD was 2.8 in rhTSH and 28 ng/ml in THW patients. Both radioiodine preparation modalities and the burden of persistent tumor affect the stimulated Tg level at ablation. © 2014 European Society of Endocrinology.

  20. Serum immunoglobulin G4 levels and Graves' disease phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Carmen Sorina; Sirbu, Anca Elena; Betivoiu, Minodora Andreea; Florea, Suzana; Barbu, Carmen Gabriela; Fica, Simona Vasilica

    2017-02-01

    We investigated, at diagnosis, the relationship between serum immunoglobulin G4 levels and the main characteristics of Graves' disease: hyperthyroidism severity, goiter size, presence of active Graves' ophthalmopathy, antithyroid antibodies status, and titer. This prospective study included 80 newly diagnosed Graves' disease patients. The main parameters measured at diagnosis: thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, total triiodothyronine, thyroglobulin, antithyroid peroxidase antibodies, anti-thyroglobulin antibodies, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibodies, immunoglobulin G4. In Graves' disease patients, serum immunoglobulin G4 levels were higher than in general population (p = 0.028) and higher in men compared to women (p = 0.002). Only one female patient with intense hypoechoic goiter, high anti-thyroglobulin antibody, and antithyroid peroxidase antibody titers had an elevated serum immunoglobulin G4 level at diagnosis. Patients with immunoglobulin G4 levels above the 75th percentile (>237.52 mg/dl, N = 20) were younger at Graves' ophthalmopathy onset (p 286.28 mg/dl, N = 8) had lower total triiodothyronine values (p = 0.001) than patients with IgG below the 90th percentile. No significant correlations were found between smoking status (p = 0.58), goiter size (p = 0.50), the presence of ophthalmopathy (p = 0.42) or thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody titers (p = 0.45) and the mean value of immunoglobulin G4 levels at diagnosis. Our data suggest that Graves' disease patients with elevated immunoglobulin G4 levels at diagnosis have a phenotype characterized by higher anti-thyroglobulin antibody and antithyroid peroxidase antibody titers, less severe T3 hyperthyroidism, younger age at ophthalmopathy onset and require a shorter duration of the first methimazole treatment cycle.

  1. Postoperative Stimulated Thyroglobulin Level and Recurrence Risk Stratification in Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

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    Xue Yang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg has been evaluated in predicting prognosis and success of ablation regarding differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC; however, its relationship with recurrence risk and radioiodine decision-making remains uncertain, especially in Chinese DTC patients. We aimed to evaluate the association between ps-Tg and recurrence risk stratification in DTC, to provide incremental values for ps-Tg in postoperative assessment and radioiodine management. Methods: Seven hundred and seven patients with DTC were included; low-risk (L; n = 90, intermediate-risk (I; n = 283, and high-risk (H; n = 334, 117 with distant metastasis [M1] patients were divided according to recurrence risk stratification. The M1 group was further analyzed regarding evidence of metastasis. Cut-off values of ps-Tg were obtained using receiver operating characteristic analysis. Results: Patients with more advanced disease at initial risk stratification were more likely to have higher ps-Tg levels (I vs. L: P < 0.05; H vs. I: P < 0.001; H vs. L: P < 0.001. The corresponding cut-off value of ps-Tg for distinguishing sensitivity and specificity in each of the two groups was 2.95 ng/ml (I vs. L: 61.5%, 63.3%, 29.5 ng/ml (H vs. I: 41.9%, 92.6%, 47.1 ng/ml (M1 vs. M0 in the H group: 79.5%, 88.9% and 47.1 ng/ml (M1 vs. M0 in all patients: 79.5%, 93.7%. With the cut-off value at 47.1 ng/ml, ps-Tg was the only factor that could be used to identify distant metastases, and consequently if measured before radioiodine therapy would prevent 10.26% of patients with M1 from undertreatment. Conclusions: Ps-Tg, as an ongoing reassessment marker, favors differential recurrence risk grading and provides incremental values for radioiodine treatment decision-making.

  2. Differences in serum thyroglobulin measurements by 3 commercial immunoradiometric assay kits and laboratory standardization using Certified Reference Material 457 (CRM-457).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji In; Kim, Ji Young; Choi, Joon Young; Kim, Hee Kyung; Jang, Hye Won; Hur, Kyu Yeon; Kim, Jae Hyeon; Kim, Kwang-Won; Chung, Jae Hoon; Kim, Sun Wook

    2010-09-01

    Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) is essential in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). However, interchangeability and standardization between Tg assays have not yet been achieved, even with the development of an international Tg standard (Certified Reference Material 457 [CRM-457]). Serum Tg from 30 DTC patients and serially diluted CRM-457 were measured using 3 different immunoradiometric assays (IRMA-1, IRMA-2, IRMA-3). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) method was used to describe the concordance of each IRMA to CRM-457. The serum Tg measured by 3 different IRMAs correlated well (r > .85, p CRM-457, showed the best ICC (p(1) = .98) for the CRM-457. Hospitals caring for patients with DTC should either set their own cutoffs for IRMAs for Tg based on their patient pools, or adopt IRMAs standardized to CRM-457 and calibrate their laboratory using CRM-457.

  3. Thyroglobulin in differentiated thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Carol; Tennant, Sarah; Perros, Petros

    2015-04-15

    Identification of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is becoming increasingly common. Patients usually have an excellent prognosis. Most undergo total thyroidectomy, radioiodine ablation and treatment with suppressive doses of levothyroxine. Patients require long term follow-up which includes measurement of serum thyroglobulin (Tg). Interpretation of serum Tg requires knowledge of the concurrent thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration, as secretion is TSH dependant, and an awareness of the limitations of the methods used to measure it. These limitations include the heterogeneity of Tg in serum, the ability of assays to recognise forms of Tg secreted by a tumour, assay biases and not least the potential for interference in immunoassays for Tg from endogenous thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs) in patient serum. This review considers what the clinician wants to know and how Tg results can be interpreted in light of an awareness of assay limitations. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Prognosis of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer in Relation to Serum Thyrotropin and Thyroglobulin Antibody Status at Time of Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, David S.; Ladenson, Paul W.; Ain, Kenneth B.; Brierley, James D.; Fein, Henry G.; Haugen, Bryan R.; Jonklaas, Jacqueline; Magner, James; Ross, Douglas S.; Skarulis, Monica C.; Steward, David L.; Maxon, Harry R.; Sherman, Steven I.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Serum thyrotropin (TSH) concentration and thyroid autoimmunity may be of prognostic importance in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Preoperative serum TSH level has been associated with higher DTC stage in cross-sectional studies; data are contradictory on the significance of thyroid autoimmunity at the time of diagnosis. Objective: We sought to assess whether preoperative serum TSH and perioperative antithyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) were associated with thyroid cancer stage and outcome in DTC patients followed by the National Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cooperative Study, a large multicenter thyroid cancer registry. Methods: Patients registered after 1996 with available preoperative serum TSH (n=617; the TSH cohort) or perioperative TgAb status (n=1770; the TgAb cohort) were analyzed for tumor stage, persistent disease, recurrence, and overall survival (OS; median follow-up, 5.5 years). Parametric tests assessed log-transformed TSH, and categorical variables were tested with chi square. Disease-free survival (DFS) and OS was assessed with Cox models. Results: Geometric mean serum TSH levels were higher in patients with higher-stage disease (Stage III/IV=1.48 vs. 1.02 mU/L for Stages I/II; p=0.006). The relationship persisted in those aged ≥45 years after adjusting for sex (p=0.01). Gross extrathyroidal extension (p=0.03) and presence of cervical lymph node metastases (p=0.003) were also significantly associated with higher serum TSH. Disease recurrence and all-cause mortality occurred in 37 and 38 TSH cohort patients respectively, which limited the power for survival analysis. Positive TgAb was associated with lower stage on univariate analysis (positive TgAb in 23.4% vs. 17.8% of Stage I/II vs. III/IV patients, respectively; p=0.01), although the relationship lost significance when adjusting for age and sex (p=0.34). Perioperative TgAb was not an independent predictor of DFS (hazard ratio=1.12 [95% confidence interval=0.74–1.69]) or OS (hazard

  5. Elevated Serum Thyroglobulin and Low Iodine Intake Are Associated with Nontoxic Nodular Goiter among Adults Living near the Eastern Mediterranean Coast

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    Yaniv S. Ovadia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Information about iodine intake is crucial for preventing thyroid diseases. Inadequate iodine intake can lead to thyroid diseases, including nontoxic nodular goiter (NNG. Objective. To estimate iodine intake and explore its correlation with thyroid diseases among Israeli adults living near the Mediterranean coast, where iodine-depleted desalinated water has become a major source of drinking water. Methods. Cross-sectional study of patients attending Barzilai Medical Center Ashkelon. Participants, who were classified as either NNG (n=17, hypothyroidism (n=14, or control (n=31, provided serum thyroglobulin (Tg and completed a semiquantitative iodine food frequency questionnaire. Results. Elevated serum Tg values (Tg > 60 ng/mL were significantly more prevalent in the NNG group than in the other groups (29% versus 7% and 0% for hypothyroidism and controls, resp., P<0.05. Mean estimated iodine intake was significantly lower in the NNG group (65±30 μg/d than in controls (115±60 μg/d (P<0.05 with intermediate intake in the hypothyroid group (73±38 μg/d. Conclusions. Elevated serum Tg values and low dietary iodine intake are associated with NNG among adult patients in Ashkelon District, Israel. Larger studies are needed in order to expand on these important initial findings.

  6. Impact of the serum thyroglobulin concentration on the diagnostics of benign and malignant thyroid diseases; Stellenwert des Serum-Thyreoglobulinspiegels bei der Diagnostik benigner und maligner Schilddruesenerkrankungen

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    Rink, T.; Schroth, H.J. [Abt. fuer Nuklearmedizin, Staedtisches Klinikum, Hanau (Germany); Dembowski, W.; Klinger, K. [Medizinische Klinik, St. Vinzenz Krankenhaus, Hanau (Germany)

    2000-08-01

    Aim of this study is to evaluate new and controversially discussed indications for determining the thyroglobulin (Tg) level in different thyroid diseases to support routine diagnostics. Methods: The following groups were included: 250 healthy subjects without goiter, 50 persons with diffuse goiter, 161 patients with multinodular goiter devoid of functional disorder (108 of them underwent surgery, in 17 cases carcinomas were detected), 60 hyperthyroid patients with autonomously functioning nodular goiter, 150 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 30 hyperthyroid patients with Graves' disease. Results: The upper limit of the normal range of the Tg level was calculated as 30 ng Tg/ml. The evaluation of the collective with diffuse goiter showed that the figure of the Tg level can be expected in a similar magnitude as the thyroid volume in milliliters. Nodular tissue led to far higher Tg values then presumed when considering the respective thyroidvolume, with a rather high variance. A formula for a rough prediction of the Tg levels in nodular goiters is described. In ten out of 17 cases with thyroid carcinoma, the Tg was lower than estimated with thyroid and nodular volumes, but two patients showed a Tg exceeding 1000 ng/ml. The collective with functional autonomy had a significantly higher average Tg level than a matched euthyroid group being under suppressive levothyroxine substitution. However, due to the high variance of the Tg values, the autonomy could not consistently be predicted with the Tg level in individual cases. The patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis showed slightly decreased Tg levels. In Graves' disease, a significantly higher average Tg level was observed compared with a matched group with diffuse goiter, but 47% of all Tg values were still in the normal range (<30 ng/ml). Conclusion: Elevated Tg levels indicate a high probability of thyroid diseases, such as malignancy, autonomy or Graves' disease. However, as low Tg

  7. Definition of reference ranges for free T4, TSH, and thyroglobulin levels in healthy subjects of the Jaén Health District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olmedo Carrillo, Pablo; Santiago Fernández, Piedad; García Fuentes, Eduardo; Ureña Fernández, Tomás; Gutiérrez Alcántara, Carmen; Sánchez-Malo, Carolina; Gassó Campos, Manuela; Martínez Ramírez, María José

    2017-10-01

    The treatment guidelines for thyroid dysfunction recommend defining reference ranges for thyroid hormones in each area through assessment of local population data considering the iodine nutritional status. The aim of this study was to define the reference ranges of free thyroxine (FT4), TSH, and thyroglobulin levels in a general population from Jaen, an area of southern Spain with an adequate iodine nutritional status, and whether they were associated with urinary iodine levels. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,003 subjects of the general population of the Jaen Health District. Levels of urinary iodine, FT4, TSH, thyroglobulin, and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies were measured according to age and sex. Median and mean urinary iodine levels were 110.59μg/L and 130.11μg/L respectively. Median TSH level was 1.83μIU/mL (p2.5=0.56μIU/mL, p97.5=4.66μIU/mL). Median FT4 level was 0.84ng/dL (p2.5=0.62ng/dL, p97.5=1.18ng/dL). TPO antibodies were detected in 5.7% of subjects. There was no correlation between urinary iodine levels and FT4, TSH or TPO antibodies. Subjects with positive TPO antibodies had higher TSH levels (3.34μIU/L versus 2.14μIU/mL, P=.001; odds ratio=2.42). Urinary iodine levels in Jaen are optimal according to World Health Organization standards. Reference ranges of FT4, TSH, and thyroglobulin do not differ from those reported in the literature and are no associated to urinary iodine levels. The prevalence of positive TPO antibodies was similar to that reported in other Spanish areas. Copyright © 2017 SEEN y SED. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Does thyroid gland examination by palpation alter serum hormone levels?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toros, Sema Zer; Ozel, Leyla; Yekrek, Mehmet Murat; Toros, Ahmet Burak; Naiboglu, Baris; Kara, Melih; Erdoğdu, Erdal; Egeli, Erol; Titiz, Izzet

    2010-07-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of routine thyroid gland palpation on serum thyroid hormone levels. Prospective study at Haydarpaşa Numune Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. This study was carried out in two groups with a total of 50 consecutive adults. Group I consisted of 20 patients (12 female and 8 male, aged 20-48 years) with a diagnosis of nodular thyroid disease confirmed by ultrasound imaging techniques. The second group consisted of 30 otherwise healthy subjects (17 female and 13 male, aged 18-50 years) referred for neck and thyroid ultrasound and with no thyroid pathology detected. Thyroid gland palpations were performed by the same physician. Blood samples were obtained before and 2 hours after thyroid gland palpation. Serum total T3 (TT3), total T4 (TT4), free T3 (FT3), free T4 (FT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroglobulin (TG) measurements were made. We found that routine palpation in the first group caused a significant increase in serum TT3 (P .05). Preliminary data proposing a possible effect of routine thyroid gland palpation on serum thyroid hormone levels suggest that serum thyroid hormone measurements should be performed before any manipulation of the gland, including palpation, to avoid misdiagnosis.

  9. Is There a Role for Unstimulated Thyroglobulin Velocity in Predicting Recurrence in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Patients with Detectable Thyroglobulin after Radioiodine Ablation?

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Hilda; Wong, Kai P.; Yau, Thomas; Tang, Vikki; Leung, Roland; Chiu, Joanne; Lang, Brian Hung-Hin

    2012-01-01

    Background In the follow-up of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients treated with curative thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation, raised thyroglobulin (Tg) predicts recurrence with reasonable sensitivity and specificity. However, a proportion of patients present with raised Tg level but no other clinical evidence of disease. Only limited data on Tg kinetics have been reported to date. Here we aim to evaluate the prognostic and predictive significance of nonstimulated serum Tg velocity (TgV...

  10. Stabilization of circulating thyroglobulin mRNA transcripts in patients treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feddersen, Søren; Bastholt, Lars; Pedersen, Susanne Møller

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of serum thyroglobulin (TG) in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) may be compromised by the presence of endogenous anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb). To prevent interference by TGAb several groups have developed real-time PCR...... (RT-PCR) based assays for quantification of blood TG mRNA levels. For accurate quantification of TG mRNA in blood preanalytical factors must be recognized and controlled. In this study we evaluate the effect of different blood RNA stabilizing systems - the Tempus(T) (M) Blood RNA system...... hours, and RNA yield, integrity and purity was determined. TG, GAPDH and ACTB mRNA levels were quantified by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: The RNA yield was significantly higher for blood collected in Tempus tubes compared to PAXgene tubes following storage for 72 hours at room temperature (p = 0...

  11. Smoking is negatively associated with the presence of thyroglobulin autoantibody and to a lesser degree with thyroid peroxidase autoantibody in serum: a population study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Inge Bülow; Laurberg, Peter; Knudsen, Nils

    2008-01-01

    Background: Autoimmune thyroid diseases are common and the prevalence of circulating thyroid antibodies (thyroid peroxidase antibody, TPO-Ab and thyroglobulin antibody, Tg-Ab) is high in the population. The knowledge of a possible association between lifestyle factors and circulating thyroid...... antibodies is limited. Aim: To evaluate the correlation between smoking habits and the presence of circulating TPO-Ab and Tg-Ab. Material and methods: In a cross-sectional comparative population study performed in two areas of Denmark with moderate and mild iodine deficiency, 4649 randomly selected subjects...... from the population in some predefined age groups between 18 and 65 years were examined. Blood tests were analysed for TPO-Ab and Tg-Ab using assays based on the RIA technique. The participants answered questionnaires, were clinically examined and blood and urine samples collected. Results: Data were...

  12. The Emerging Roles of Thyroglobulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuqian Luo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Thyroglobulin (Tg, the most important and abundant protein in thyroid follicles, is well known for its essential role in thyroid hormone synthesis. In addition to its conventional role as the precursor of thyroid hormones, we have uncovered a novel function of Tg as an endogenous regulator of follicular function over the past decade. The newly discovered negative feedback effect of Tg on follicular function observed in the rat and human thyroid provides an alternative explanation for the observation of follicle heterogeneity. Given the essential role of the regulatory effects of Tg, we consider that dysregulation of normal Tg function is associated with multiple human thyroid diseases including autoimmune thyroid disease and thyroid cancer. Additionally, extrathyroid Tg may serve a regulatory function in other organs. Further exploration of Tg action, especially at the molecular level, is needed to obtain a better understanding of both the physiological and pathological roles of Tg.

  13. [Inappropriately undetectable thyroglobulin after exclusion of interference from thyroglobulin antibodies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munier, Perrine; Courtier, Françoise; Barrial, Kildie; Chikh, Karim; Claustrat, Francine; Le Bricon, Thierry; Bronner, Jacques; Sanabria, Edgar

    2011-01-01

    Thyroglobuline (Tg) is a large molecule of high molecular weight mainly indicated in monitoring differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), its measurement remains difficult. We report the case of a patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for a poorly differentiated thyroid insular carcinoma. Despite several (131)I treatments, a progressive elevation of serum Tg is observed. A control performed in another laboratory using an immunoradiometric assay (IRMA Cisbio) returns an undetectable value (< 0,2 mg/L). A new sample was simultaneously sent to different laboratories. Three nonisotopic immunometric assays showed high values of Tg while the IRMA assay, considered the gold standard, gave a result below the detection threshold. The absence of Tg antibodies and of anti-mouse antibodies was confirmed. The IRMA Kit manufacturer agreed to carry out an expertise. After changing their detection antibody, the presence of a high Tg was demonstrated, in agreement with non-isotopic techniques. The expertise conclusion was a lack of detection by the IRMA Tg assay. This incident was notified to AFSSAPS by the manufacturer.

  14. Anti-thyroglobulin Antibody and Vitiligo: A Controlled Study

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    Emina Kasumagic-Halilovic

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder characterized by depigmented maculae resulting from a reduction of the number and function of melanocytes. The etiopathogenesis of the disease is still unclear, but there is evidence that autoimmunity and endocrine disfunction may be involved. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of anti-thyroglobulin antibody (anti-Tg in vitiligo patients and control subjects, and also to assess the difference between the localized and generalized forms of the disease. Methods: In this prospective study we investigated serum level of anti-Tg in 33 patients with vitiligo and 33 healthy controls. We also examined a possible association between serum levels of anti-Tg and disease severity. Results: Comparison of median values of anti-Tg has showed that serum concentrations of anti-Tg are significantly higher (p<0.05 in serum samples of vitiligo patients in relation to control group. Statistically significant difference was also found in values of anti-Tg between patients with generalized and patients with localized vitiligo (p<0.05. Conclusion: This study shows a significant association between vitiligo and thyroid autoimmunity, and that tests to detect anti-Tg are relevant in patients with vitiligo.

  15. Serum Leptin Levels in Women with Immunological Recurrent Abortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarei, Saeed; Soltanghoraee, Haleh; Mohammadzadeh, Afsaneh; Arefi, Soheila; Zarnani, Amir Hassan; Idali, Farah; Tavangar, Banafsheh; Savadi Shiraz, Elham; Moshref Behzad, Narges; Jeddi-Tehrani, Mahmood

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Recurrent abortion (RA) may be a consequence of aberrant expression of immunological factors during pregnancy. Although the relative importance of immunological factors in human reproduction remains controversial, substantial evidence suggests that autoantibodies contribute to reproductive failure. Production of such antibodies is under the control of cytokines; and leptin, besides its role in reproductive success, has a profound effect on directing the cytokine profile toward Th1 (cellular) pattern. Therefore, the present study was performed to assess serum leptin levels in women with immunological recurrent abortion. Materials and Methods In this prospective study, 250 women who attended Avicenna Infertility Clinic with RA were screened for known causes of abortion from July to December 2008 in Tehran, Iran. Eighty-one patients with normal karyotypes and hormonal profile with normal ovaries and uterus and no signs of infection were categorized as patients with immunological (IRA, n = 39) or unexplained (URA, n = 42) recurrent abortion based on presence or absence of autoantibodies. After blood sampling, levels of anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-double stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA), lupus anti-coagulant antibody (LACAb), anti-phospholipid antibody (APA), anti-cardiolipin antibody (ACA), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), anti-thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb) and anti-thrombin III antibody (ATIIIAb) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA). Results In IRA group, 9 (23.1%), 24 (61.5%), 25(64.1%) and 1 (2.6%) women were above the normal cut-off point for ANA, TgAbs, TPOAbs and AT-III Abs, respectively. IRA patients had normal values of LACAbs, APA and ACA. With normal level of fasting blood sugar (FBS), IRA and URA groups had similar serum leptin levels (23.7 ± 13.2 ng/ml vs. 22.7 ± 12.5 ng/ml, respectively). Serum leptin concentrations showed a positive correlation with weight

  16. Thyroglobulin – what is the postoperative threshold for the suspicion ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1985 and December 2004 in the First Department of Surgery at. University General ..... crinol Invest 2002;25(2):110-115. 6. Ronga G, Filesi M, ... Pacini F, Pinchera A. Serum and tissue thyroglobulin measurement: clinical ap- plications in ...

  17. Peculiarities of Antithyroid Autoimmunity Indicators in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Depending on Leptin Level in Blood Serum and Their Dynamics as a Result of Sodium Selenite Treatment

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    N.O. Abramova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available There were studied 46 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in order to identify the autoimmune processes directed against thyroid tissue and dependence of those changes on the level of leptin in blood serum. It was established that in patients with high leptin serum level antithyroid antibody titer increased. In order to adjust the levels of antithyroid antibodies sodium selenite was prescribed against the background of standard therapy. Statistically significant reduction in antibodies expression to thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase after treatment with sodium selenite dosed 50 mg after a month has been found.

  18. Serum uric acid levels and metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciarla, Sara; Struglia, Manuela; Giorgini, Paolo; Striuli, Rinaldo; Necozione, Stefano; Properzi, Giuliana; Ferri, Claudio

    2014-07-01

    To investigate the relationship among serum uric acid levels and metabolic syndrome. Anthropometric parameters, serum uric acid and metabolic parameters were evaluated in 139 subjects. Serum uric acid levels were significantly higher in subjects with than without metabolic syndrome (p metabolic syndrome components (p for trend uric acid significantly correlated with various anthropometric and serum metabolic parameters. Serum uric acid levels were higher in individuals with rather than without metabolic syndrome and raised gradually as the number of metabolic syndrome components increased. The relationship between serum uric acid levels and various metabolic parameters suggests that uric acid might be considered as a component of metabolic syndrome. Hyperuricemia is a common finding in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Recent studies indicated that hyperuricemia may be also a predictor of metabolic syndrome development.

  19. Prognostic Value of Postoperative and Post-ablative Serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The study was designed to examine the value of post-operative and post-ablative serum thyroglobulin levels and diagnostic whole body scan in predicting remission in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Methodology: Serum TG levels and diagnostic iodine- 123 whole body scans performed prior to ...

  20. Limitaciones técnicas de los métodos para cuantificar tiroglobulina sérica y su repercusión clínica Technical limitations of methods to quantify the serum thyroglobulin and its clinical repercussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Rodríguez González

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La determinación de tiroglobulina sérica se emplea, sobre todo, como marcador tumoral en el seguimiento posoperatorio de pacientes con cáncer diferenciado del tiroides. Lamentablemente, los métodos de tiroglobulina sérica presentan gran variabilidad en sus cualidades analíticas y padecen problemas técnicos que repercuten sobre la utilidad clínica de esta prueba. Para cuantificar tiroglobulina sérica se emplean 2 tecnologías diferentes: los iniciales radioinmunoensayos competitivos y los más recientes métodos inmunométricos no competitivos. Estos últimos son más propensos a sufrir las interferencias provocadas por la presencia de autoanticuerpos tiroglobulina y anticuerpos heterofílicos, a pesar de brindar los beneficios técnicos relativos al uso de reactivos no isotópicos, menor volumen de muestra, tiempos de incubación más cortos, así como mejor sensibilidad y facilidad de automatización. Resulta esencial que los clínicos conozcan y comprendan las limitaciones técnicas inherentes a la determinación de tiroglobulina sérica y su repercusión sobre la utilidad clínica de esta, con la finalidad de hacer un uso efectivo y eficiente de esta prueba en el seguimiento posoperatorio de pacientes con cáncer diferenciado del tiroides.The serum thyroglobulin assessment is used mainly as tumor marker during the postoperative follow-up of patients presenting with thyroid differentiated cancer. Progressively, the serum thyroglobulin methods have much variability in its analytical qualities and also have technical problems affecting on the technical usefulness of this test. To quantify the serum thyroglobulin we used two different technologies: the initial competitive radioimmunoassays and the most recent non competitive inmunometrical methods. These latter are more prone to have interferences provoked by presence of thyroglobulin antibodies and heterophilic antibodies despite to offer technical beneficial relative to use of non

  1. [The effect of long-term exposure to low doses of endocrine disruptor ddt on serum levels of thyroid protein autoantigenes and antithyroid autoantibodies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaglova, N V; Yaglov, V V

    2016-01-01

    Changes in secretion of thyroid autoantigenes and production of antithyroid autoantibodies after long-term exposure to low doses of DDT were studied. Changes in serum levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies and thyroid peroxidase, attributed to disruption of thyroxine production by DDT were found. Long-term exposure of rats to low doses of DDT revealed no specific impact on serum autoantibodies to all thyroid autoantigenes studied. The increase of the ratio of autoantibody/autoantigen for thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin was rather small and thus could not be considered as a significant symptom of thyroid autoimmunity.

  2. The problem of the patient with thyroglobulin elevation but negative iodine scintigraphy: the TENIS syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silberstein, Edward B

    2011-03-01

    The available data upon which to act in caring for patients with functioning thyroid cancer and thyroglobulin elevation/negative iodine scintigraphy (TENIS) are imperfect, almost never coming from randomized, blinded studies. When the serum thyroglobulin exceeds 2-10 ng/mL, one should use the latest imaging equipment available to find metastatic disease, especially in areas in which it is potentially resectable, ie, neck, bone, and occasionally brain, and collaborate with an experienced surgeon in removing such metastases. If one cannot locate operable metastases and/or tumor location remains elusive, empiric high-dose (131)I therapy, preceded by dosimetry, should be considered. There are no randomized studies to prove that this treatment prolongs life, although there is definite evidence of cell killing, because the serum thyroglobulin level frequently diminishes after radioiodine therapy. In selected cases External beam radiotherapy will be helpful when the tumor has been located but cannot be fully removed, for example, with invasion of the trachea, spine, or muscles. There are several tyrosine kinase inhibitors that have shown some effectiveness against the TENIS syndrome, but these should ideally be used in the context of a clinical trial. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor drugs should be preferred to conventional chemotherapy at this time; data on lenalidominde have only appeared in abstract form. The return of NIS function, to permit functioning thyroid cancer with the TENIS syndrome to again concentrate therapeutic amounts of (131)I, remains an elusive goal, with few drugs showing real promise. Gene therapy to restore the function of the NIS gene and enhance cellular immunomodulatory and tumor suppressive activity has not yet succeeded clinically. Physicians caring for patients with the TENIS syndrome are urged to enter them into clinical therapeutic studies whenever possible. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Serum Resistin Level in Obese Male Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Amirhakimi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Resistin is a member of cysteine-rich molecules. Several studies have been carried out to determine the biological effect of resistin, nevertheless a significant number are animal studies. All the studies performed regarding the relationship between serum resistin and obesity were merely accomplished in women. To the best of our knowledge, there is no survey on the correlation of the serum resistin level and obesity in male children. The aim of the present study is to assess serum concentration of resistin in obese male children. Methods. Between June 2009 and January 2010, we enrolled 42 randomly selected obese male students (body mass index (BMI >95th percentile, age 15.7±1.5. Thirty-eight healthy age-matched male students with normal BMI (<85th percentile were selected as a control group for the purpose of comparison of the serum resistin levels. Results. Serum resistin levels were measured in obese and control group. No significant difference was found between resistin levels of the 2 groups (obese: 9.21±5.6 ng/mL versus normal: 9.83±4.3 ng/mL; =.582. There was no significant correlation between serum resistin level and BMI. Assessing the resistin level in male subjects was the distinct feature of our study. The outstanding finding of this research is that there is no correlation between serum resistin level and obesity. Conclusion. We have demonstrated that there is no correlation between obesity in male children and resistin level. Consequently, metabolic abnormalities of insulin resistance seen in obese male patients are not related to resistin.

  4. Soluble serum Klotho levels in healthy subjects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lise Mariager; Pedersen, Susanne Møller; Brasen, Claus Lohman

    2013-01-01

    Klotho concentrations were determined in 120 healthy adults aged 19-66years. Blood samples were collected, and stored sera were assayed for Klotho according to age and gender. In addition several other clinical and laboratory characteristics were determined in the cohort and compared to the levels......OBJECTIVE: Soluble serum Klotho, is a new biomarker linked to chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This study describes the evaluation and comparison of two different immunoassays and establishment of assay specific reference intervals in adults. Design and methods Serum...... of serum Klotho. RESULTS: Serum Klotho levels were significantly higher in time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRF) compared to an ELISA (IBL) and no correlation were found between the assays. No signal was obtained in either assay when the standard curve was switched between the two different...

  5. Serum levels of calcitonin in Cushing's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luisetto, G; Mantero, F; Boscaro, M; Tizian, L; Zangari, M; Ziliotto, D

    1986-06-01

    Serum levels of calcitonin (CT) were studied in 21 patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS), 18 females and 3 males aging from 16 to 59 years, and in 70 age and sex matched normal subjects. Patients with CS showed CT values significantly lower than those found in controls (9.9 +/- 5.0 pg/ml vs. 15.9 +/- 6.3 pg/ml, mean +/- SD; p less than 0.01), while no difference was observed in total serum calcium and phosphate and calcium corrected for albumin. No correlation between CT and serum calcium and phosphate, serum cortisol and urinary free cortisol was found. It is possible that low CT levels are involved in the pathogenesis of bone loss observed in CS.

  6. Serum homocysteine levels in cerebrovascular accidents

    OpenAIRE

    Zongte, Zolianthanga; Shaini, L.; Debbarma, Asis; Singh, Th Bhimo; Devi, S. Bilasini; Singh, W. Gyaneshwar

    2008-01-01

    Hyperhomocysteinemia has been considered an independent risk factor in the development of stroke. The present study was undertaken to evaluate serum homocysteine levels in patients with cerebrovascular accidents among the Manipuri population and to compare with the normal cases. Ninety-three cerebrovascular accident cases admitted in the hospital were enrolled for the study and twenty-seven age and sex matched individuals free from cerebrovascular diseases were taken as control group. Serum h...

  7. Combined metabolic and morphologic imaging in thyroid carcinoma patients with elevated serum thyroglobulin and negative cervical ultrasonography: role of {sup 124}I-PET/CT and FDG-PET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freudenberg, L.S.; Jentzen, W.; Rosenbaum, S.J.; Bockisch, A.; Goerges, R. [University of Duisburg/Essen, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Essen (Germany); Antoch, G.; Kuehl, H. [University of Duisburg/Essen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Essen (Germany); Frilling, A. [University of Duisburg/Essen, Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Essen (Germany)

    2008-05-15

    This study sought to compare iodine-124 positron emission tomography/computed tomography ({sup 124}I-PET/CT) and 2-[{sup 18}F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose- (FDG-) PET in the detection of recurrent differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) lesions in patients with increasing serum thyroglobulin (Tg), Tg-antibodies, or both, but without pathological cervical ultrasonography. We assessed the lesion detection accuracy of {sup 124}I-PET alone, CT alone, {sup 124}I-PET/CT, FDG-PET, and all these modalities combined. The study included 21 patients (9 follicular, 12 papillary DTC) who had been rendered disease-free by thyroidectomy and radioiodine treatment (RIT) and followed up for 21-275 months after the last RIT. In all patients, FDG-PET was performed first. Within 1 week, {sup 124}I-PET/CT was performed 24 h after oral administration of 43 {+-} 11 MBq {sup 124}I. Imaging results were correlated with further clinical follow-up with (n = 12) or without (n = 9) post-study histology as the reference standard. The sensitivities for DTC lesion detection were: {sup 124}I-PET, 49%; CT, 67%; {sup 124}I-PET/CT, 80%; FDG-PET, 70%; and all modalities combined, 91%. For local recurrences (distant metastases), the sensitivities were: {sup 124}I-PET, 60% (45%); CT, 20% (84%); and FDG-PET, 65% (71%). One-third of lesions demonstrated pathological tracer uptake with both {sup 124}I- and FDG-PET, while two-thirds were positive with only one of these modalities. Used together, {sup 124}I-PET and CT allow localization of foci of highly specific {sup 124}I uptake as well as non-iodine-avid lesions. The combination of {sup 124}I-PET/CT and FDG-PET improves restaging in recurrent DTC by enabling detection on whole-body scans of local recurrence or metastases that are often not found if only one of the methods or other imaging modalities are applied. (orig.)

  8. High serum calcitonin levels in heroin addicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagliaro, F; Capra, F; Dorizzi, R; Luisetto, G; Accordini, A; Renda, E; Parolin, A

    1984-08-01

    An involvement of calcitonin in the mechanism of pain perception has recently been hypothesized. In order to collect information about the relationship between this hormone and well known analgesic substances such as opioids, we have studied the serum levels of calcitonin in a group of heroin addicts, finding higher average concentrations than in normal subjects of matched age and sex. In these addicts there were no severe signs of impaired renal or hepatic function, or alterations of the serum levels of calcium and phosphate. So we think that opioids, in a direct or indirect way, can stimulate the secretion of calcitonin.

  9. Serum prolactin level in patients taking olanzapine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diganta Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Olanzapine is a commonly used antipsychotic. Prolactin elevation is a common adverse effect of anstipsychotics, and serum prolactin elevation is seen in about 30% patients treated with olanzapine. There are confounding results about dose dependency of olanzapine and prolactin elevation, and also the duration of treatment. Method: Fifty six patients, 36 male and 20 female, who were taking olanzapine for any condition for more than a month at a constant dose were enrolled in the study. Patients’ age, weight, body mass index (BMI, serum prolactin levels, and some biochemical values were recorded. Patients were taken from the review outpatient department (OPD after due consent. Results: Five each in male and female groups showed elevation of serum prolactin (estimated to be high if >20 ng/dl for males, and >25 ng/dl for females. In females, the elevation was found at lesser dose of olanzapine (13 mg/day, in males 18 mg/day and early in the treatment (2.4 months vs. 9.7 months in males. Males tended to show raised prolactin with higher doses of olanzapine (mean 18 mg/day. Females (26.31% also showed higher prevalence of prolactin elevation compared to males (13.51%. No other parameter was found to modify the prolactin levels. Conclusion: Olanzapine causes elevation of serum prolactin, though lesser degree than some other antipsychotics. Females are more prone to have raised serum prolactin with olanzapine compared to males. However, the elevation seems to be transient. Higher doses of olanzapine tend to cause elevation of serum prolactin. Serum prolactin estimation in patients taking olanzapine may be undertaken to maintain quality life, particularly in females.

  10. Evaluation of {sup 131}I scintigraphy and stimulated thyroglobulin levels in the follow up of patients with DTC: a retrospective analysis of 1420 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Carvalho, Jose Manuel; Schober, Otmar; Wenning, Christian; Riemann, Burkhard; Vrachimis, Alexis [University Hospital Muenster, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Muenster (Germany); Goerlich, Dennis [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Institute of Biostatistics and Clinical Research, Muenster (Germany); Verburg, Frederik Anton [University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Marburg (Germany)

    2017-05-15

    To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body {sup 131}I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated. DxWBS and sTg were evaluated separately and in combination for various follow-up time points. The factual administration of the recorded indication for further oncologic therapy (excluding radioiodine therapies given for minimal normal remnants) within the following 4 months after follow-up served as the standard of reference. Furthermore, DxWBS was compared to post therapy WBS and SPECT(/CT) if available. Subgroup analysis was carried out for DTC patients < 45 years old at diagnosis without distant metastasis. The diagnostic impact of cervical ultrasound was not assessed. sTg can identify the patients at risk better than DxWBS. Furthermore, the most sensitive time point to assess response appears to be a time point beyond 3 months after RRA. When information received from both imaging and laboratory measurements are concordant, i.e. both construe absence of remaining disease, only a small fraction of patients (<2%) required treatment in the future. The strongest effect was observed 12 months after RRA. Only 0.9% of the negative DxWBS patients with concordant sTg below the functional sensitivity at this time point required treatment thereafter. A complete omission of DxWBS in the post-RRA surveillance of DTC is justified once DxWBS is negative and sTg is below the functional sensitivity (with no evidence of thyroglobulin antibodies), as patients showing this combination of test results (especially 12 months after RRA) show an at worst marginal risk of recurrence. In all other cases DxWBS may

  11. Admission levels of serum Gc-globulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiødt, F V; Bondesen, S; Petersen, I

    1996-01-01

    Gc-globulin scavenges actin released from necrotic hepatocytes to the extracellular space. In 77 patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) (excluding patients treated with liver transplantation), admission levels of serum Gc-globulin and degree of complexing with monomeric actin (complex rati...

  12. Serum relaxin levels in benign hypermobility syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Em, Serda; Oktayoglu, Pelin; Bozkurt, Mehtap; Caglayan, Mehmet; Karakoc, Mehmet; Ucar, Demet; Verim, Sabahattin; Yildiz, Ismail; Sariyildiz, Mustafa Akif; Evliyaoglu, Osman; Nas, Kemal

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the activity of serum relaxin in female patients with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS), locomotor system findings accompanying BJHS, and its relation to relaxin. Into the study, female patients with BJHS and healthy women as the control group were included. The patients were diagnosed by using the Brighton 1998 criteria. Examination of the locomotor system for study groups were performed. Serum relaxin levels of both patient and control group were measured. There were 48 female patients with BJHS and 40 healthy women in the study. With respect to the control group, the level of serum relaxin was higher in the patients (47.1 ± 20.3, 34.4 ± 22.1; p> 0.05). Again compared with the control group, arthralgia (p= 0.00), myalgia (p= 0.01), shoulder impingement syndrome (p= 0.05), pes planus (p= 0.01), and hyperkyphosis (p= 0.000) were higher in the patients. The level of relaxin median was significantly higher in the patients with pesplanus and hyperkyphosis than those who did not have them (p= 0.05, p= 0.01, respectively). Although serum relaxin level is not considered a causative factor for BJHS, the significant increases found in those patients with hyperkyphosis and pes planus suggest the hypothesis that relaxin has a limited and indefinite role in patients with BJHS.

  13. Serum prolactin level in multiple sclerosis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Shafa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS is the most common demyelinating disease. An autoimmune basis has been confirmed for pathogenesis of MS. Prolactin (PRL has roles in these mechanisms. Its serum levels change in MS according to some reports. The purpose of this study was to survey these changes in MS patients. METHODS: Sixty MS patients were included in this cross-sectional study. The same number of controls matched for sex and age were studied. Pregnant, lactating women, consumers of specific medications and patients with underlying diseases were excluded from our study. RIA was used for determination of serum levels of PRL. RESULTS: In this study, PRL level in male patients was 14.23 ± 11.47 ng/ml compared to controls with mean level of 7.21 ± 4.12 ng/ml (P value <0.001. Mean PRL level in female patients was 20.18 ± 11.04 ng/ml whereas controls had a mean level of 14.45 ± 6.93 ng/ml (one-tailed P value <0.05. So there were significant differences in serum PRL level between case and control groups in both men and women CONCLUSIONS: PRL has a positive relation with MS in both sexes. Further studies for determination of causality relation and drug effect in endocrine system on MS pathogenesis are suggested. KEY WORDS: Multiple Sclerosis, prolactin, male, female

  14. Serum irisin levels in patients with psoriasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Anna; Myśliwiec, Hanna; Kiluk, Paulina; Świderska, Magdalena; Flisiak, Iwona

    2017-06-01

    Irisin has been proposed to regulate metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes or metabolic syndrome which are common comorbidities in psoriasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum irisin level in psoriasis and elucidate possible associations with disease activity, inflammatory or metabolic parameters and topical treatment. Thirty-seven individuals with active plaque-type psoriasis and 15 healthy controls were enrolled. Blood samples were collected before and after two weeks of therapy. Serum irisin concentrations were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results were correlated with psoriasis area and severity index (PASI), body mass index (BMI), inflammatory and biochemical markers, lipid profile and effectiveness of topical treatment. Irisin serum levels were insignificantly increased in psoriatic patients in comparison to the controls (p = 0.38). No significant correlations between investigated adipokine and several indicators of metabolic disorders, nor BMI (p = 0.37) or PASI (p = 0.5) were found. Significant positive correlations with C-reactive protein (CRP) (0.009), lipocalin-2 (p = 0.02), age (p = 0.02) and disease duration (p = 0.008) were noted. After topical treatment, serum irisin level did not significantly change (p = 0.31), despite clinical improvement. Irisin might be a marker of inflammation in psoriatic patients, but may not be a reliable indicator of metabolic conditions, severity of psoriasis nor efficacy of antipsoriatic treatment.

  15. Serum chromium levels in gestational diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P G Sundararaman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To measure serum chromium level in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM from Chennai, South India. Materials and Methods: Thirty women with gestational diabetes, 60 age matched controls. Inclusion criteria: Gestational age 22-28 weeks, age group 20-35 years. Exclusion Criteria: Gestational age beyond 28 weeks, malnutrition or presence of infection. Serum chromium was measured using inductive couple plasma emission spectrometer. Results: Serum chromium levels of women with GDM, 1.59+/-0.02 ng/ml (range: 0.16-4.0 ng/ml were lower than in controls (4.58+/-0.62 ng/ml; range 0.82-5.33 ng/ml (P < 0.001. However, there were no significant differences among cases and controls when subdivided by parity. Conclusions: Women with GDM from a South Indian city had lower levels of serum chromium compared to pregnant women without GDM. Studies may be done whether chromium supplementation is useful in this group of women.

  16. [Serum zinc levels in various mental disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronek, I; Kolomaznik, M

    1989-01-01

    The zinc levels were measured in the blood serum of healthy subjects, mental patients without dementia, patients which had committed an attempt of suicide (a model of stress state), patients with multiinfarction dementia and Alzheimer type dementia. Low Zn levels were detected in the latter three groups, especially in demented patients. The role of Zn in stress and in etiopathogenesis of different types of dementia are discussed along with the possibility of its therapeutic application.

  17. Serum homocysteine levels in cerebrovascular accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zongte, Zolianthanga; Shaini, L; Debbarma, Asis; Singh, Th Bhimo; Devi, S Bilasini; Singh, W Gyaneshwar

    2008-04-01

    Hyperhomocysteinemia has been considered an independent risk factor in the development of stroke. The present study was undertaken to evaluate serum homocysteine levels in patients with cerebrovascular accidents among the Manipuri population and to compare with the normal cases. Ninety-three cerebrovascular accident cases admitted in the hospital were enrolled for the study and twenty-seven age and sex matched individuals free from cerebrovascular diseases were taken as control group. Serum homocysteine levels were estimated by ELISA method using Axis homocysteine EIA kit manufactured by Ranbaxy Diagnostic Ltd. India. The finding suggests that hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with cerebrovascular accident with male preponderance, which increases with advancing age. However, whether hyperhomocysteinemia is the cause or the result of cerebrovascular accidents needs further investigations.

  18. Thyroglobulin

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 10/13/2016. Clarke, William. Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry . 2nd Ed, AACC Press, 2011. Pp. 501-502. ( ... Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 372. Wu, A. (© ...

  19. Thyroglobulin

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Fungal Infections Gout Graves Disease Guillain-Barré Syndrome Hashimoto Thyroiditis Heart Attack and Acute Coronary Syndrome Heart ... increases in both benign ( Graves disease , subacute thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis ) and malignant conditions (thyroid adenoma, thyroid papillary ...

  20. Effects of 12 months treatment with L-selenomethionine on serum anti-TPO Levels in Patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazokopakis, Elias E; Papadakis, John A; Papadomanolaki, Maria G; Batistakis, Antony G; Giannakopoulos, Triantafillos G; Protopapadakis, Eftichios E; Ganotakis, Emmanuel S

    2007-07-01

    We studied the effects of selenium (Se) treatment on serum anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) levels in Greek patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). We prospectively studied 80 women with HT, median age 37 (range 24-52) years, for 1 year. All patients received 200 microg Se in the form of l-selenomethionine orally for 6 months. At the end of the 6-month period, 40 patients continued taking 200 microg Se (Group A) and 40 patients stopped (Group B). Serum thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT(3)), free thyroxine (FT(4)), anti-TPO, and anti-thyroglobulin (Tg) levels were measured at baseline and at the end of each 3-month period. There was a significant reduction of serum anti-TPO levels during the first 6 months (by 5.6% and 9.9% at 3 and 6 months, respectively). An overall reduction of 21% (p TPO levels were increased by 4.8% (p TPO levels, which was more profound in the second trimester. The extension of Se supplementation for 6 more months resulted in an additional 8% decrease, while the cessation caused a 4.8% increase, in the anti-TPO concentrations.

  1. Serum zinc levels in gestational diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahimi Sharbaf F

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Maternal zinc deficiency during pregnancy has been related to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Most studies in which pregnant women have been supplemented with zinc to examine its effects on the outcome of the pregnancy have been carried out in industrialized countries and the results have been inconclusive. It has been shown that women with gestational diabetes (GDM have lower serum zinc levels than healthy pregnant women, and higher rates of macrosomia. Zinc is required for normal glucose metabolism, and strengthens the insulin-induced transportation of glucose into cells by its effect on the insulin signaling pathway. The purpose of this study was to assess the serum zinc levels of GDM patients and evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation. "nMethods: In the first stage of this prospective controlled study, we enrolled 70 women who were 24-28 weeks pregnant at the Prenatal Care Center of Mirza Kochak Khan Hospital, Tehran, Iran. The serum zinc level of each subject was determined. In the second stage, among these 70 subjects, the diabetics receiving insulin were divided into two groups, only one of which received a zinc supplement and the other group was the control group. Birth weight of neonates and insulin dosages were recorded. "nResults: The mean serum zinc level in the GDM group was lower than that of the control group (94.83 vs. 103.49mg/dl, respectively and the mean birth weight of neonates from the GDM women who received the zinc supplement was lower than that of the control group (3849g vs. 4136g. The rate of macrosomia was lower in the zinc supplemented group (20% vs. 53%. The mean of increase of insulin after receiving the zinc supplement was lower (8.4u vs. 13.53. "nConclusion: Maternal insulin resistance is associated with the accumulation of maternal fat tissue during early stages of pregnancy and greater fetoplacental nutrient availability in later stages, when 70% of fetal growth occurs, resulting in macrosomia. In

  2. Body mass index and serum lipid levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Javier Navarrete Mejía

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the association between the body mass index (BMI and serum lipid levels in adult people. Material and Methods: Observational, transversal and retrospective study. Non experimental investigation design. The population was conformed for people treated in private health centers in Metropolitan Lima. The evaluations of the BMI and the laboratorial tests to know the seric concentration of lipids were taken between October 2014 and October 2015. It was determined the association between the BMI and the seric lipid levels using the Chi2 test. People with comorbidity that could modify the seric levels of lipids were excluded. Results: 39.7% of people studied were male and 60.3% were female. The average age was 34.2 years old. 40.7% (1227/3016 of population were obese and overweight. The results show a higher level of obesity or overweight in male people over female (54.6% and 33% respectively. 19.7% (594/3016 of the tested people presented high triglycerides seric levels. 27.9% (841/3016 presented high cholesterol levels and 38.8% (1146/3016 presented low cHDL levels. The cLDL levels and cVLDL levels were similar in both groups (male and female. Conclusions: The investigation determined the significant statistical association between the BMI and triglycerides (p < 0.05, cholesterol (p < 0.05 and cHDL (p < 0.05.

  3. Correlation of serum leptin with levels of hemoglobin in hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafieian-Kopaei Mahmoud

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available To examine the association of serum leptin level with anemia in hemodialysis, we investigated 36 patients (males: 21, diabetics: 11 under regular hemodialysis. For patients, complete blood counts, iron profile, serum leptin, and adequacy of hemodialysis were assessed. In this study a significant correlation of serum leptin with level of hemoglobin and body mass index was detected. An association between serum leptin and total iron binding capacity was observed. No correlation of serum ferritin with leptin level was seen. Our findings attest previous findings showing that greater serum leptin levels are associated with greater hemoglobin levels.

  4. Changes in Serum Proteins and Creatinine levels in HIV Infected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This results in either raised level of total plasma/serum protein or low level of plasma/serum protein depending on which component of immune dysregulation predominates. This study examined the level of total serum proteins and globulins in HIV infected Nigerians. 64 patients with HIV infection and 10 apparently healthy ...

  5. Interdependence of thyroglobulin processing and thyroid hormone export in the mouse thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Jonas; McInnes, Joseph; Kizilirmak, Cise; Rehders, Maren; Qatato, Maria; Wirth, Eva K; Schweizer, Ulrich; Verrey, Francois; Heuer, Heike; Brix, Klaudia

    2017-08-01

    Thyroid hormone (TH) target cells need to adopt mechanisms to maintain sufficient levels of TH to ensure regular functions. This includes thyroid epithelial cells, which generate TH in addition to being TH-responsive. However, the cellular and molecular pathways underlying thyroid auto-regulation are insufficiently understood. In order to investigate whether thyroglobulin processing and TH export are sensed by thyrocytes, we inactivated thyroglobulin-processing cathepsins and TH-exporting monocarboxylate transporters (Mct) in the mouse. The states of thyroglobulin storage and its protease-mediated processing and degradation were related to the levels of TH transporter molecules by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. Thyroid epithelial cells of cathepsin-deficient mice showed increased Mct8 protein levels at the basolateral plasma membrane domains when compared to wild type controls. While the protein amounts of the thyroglobulin-degrading cathepsin D remained largely unaffected by Mct8 or Mct10 single-deficiencies, a significant increase in the amounts of the thyroglobulin-processing cathepsins B and L was detectable in particular in Mct8/Mct10 double deficiency. In addition, it was observed that larger endo-lysosomes containing cathepsins B, D, and L were typical for Mct8- and/or Mct10-deficient mouse thyroid epithelial cells. These data support the notion of a crosstalk between TH transporters and thyroglobulin-processing proteases in thyroid epithelial cells. We conclude that a defect in exporting thyroxine from thyroid follicles feeds back positively on its cathepsin-mediated proteolytic liberation from the precursor thyroglobulin, thereby adding to the development of auto-thyrotoxic states in Mct8 and/or Mct10 deficiencies. The data suggest TH sensing molecules within thyrocytes that contribute to thyroid auto-regulation. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.

  6. Serum Uric Acid Levels among Nigerians with Essential Hypertension

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is an ongoing debate on the role of serum uric acid as an independent risk factor for hypertension and renal disease. This study determined the serum uric acid levels of Nigerians with essential hypertension and also evaluated the association between serum uric acid levels and blood pressure of these patients.

  7. Iron and ADHD: Time to Move beyond Serum Ferritin Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donfrancesco, Renato; Parisi, Pasquale; Vanacore, Nicola; Martines, Francesca; Sargentini, Vittorio; Cortese, Samuele

    2013-01-01

    Objective: (a) To compare serum ferritin levels in a sample of stimulant-naive children with ADHD and matched controls and (b) to assess the association of serum ferritin to ADHD symptoms severity, ADHD subtypes, and IQ. Method: The ADHD and the control groups included 101 and 93 children, respectively. Serum ferritin levels were determined with…

  8. Serum Lipid Profiles, Homocysteine Levels And Cardiovascular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Despite the difference in the serum lipic profiles of the pregnant and non - pregnant women. Both groups had values of serum concentration of lipids. Folate vitamin B12 and homocysteine that were well within the reference range of values provided by the American Heart Association {AHA}. Conclusion: These result indicate ...

  9. Response of thyroglobulin to radioiodine therapy in thyroglobulin-elevated negative iodine scintigraphy (TENIS) syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Partha; Conrad, Gary R; West, Hollie C

    2011-06-01

    While radioiodine (131-I) is widely used in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer, its role remains less certain when abnormal 131-I uptake cannot be demonstrated in a pre-therapy diagnostic scan. Documentation of abnormal 131-I uptake in a post-therapy scan in such cases helps to justify the radioiodine therapy, but the post-therapy scan can remain persistently negative. To evaluate (i) whether 131-I therapy had any measurable effect on thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in patients who were scan negative prior to radioiodine therapy and remained scan negative after therapy, and (ii) whether the magnitude of the effect on Tg depended on the pre-therapy Tg level. Retrospective analysis of 78 patients. All patients had pre-therapy and post-therapy Tg levels measured under stimulation with thyroid stimulating hormone. Hospital data until date of last contact were analyzed to assess for recurrent disease. Tg levels decreased by 55% in those having Tg 10 μg/l or higher; and by 41% in those with less than 10 μg/l. In patients with detectable Tg antibodies, there were no statistically significant decreases demonstrated for either Tg or Tg antibody levels. Radioiodine therapy can reduce Tg levels, independently of the pre-therapy level, even when the pre-therapy level is low and the pre-therapy, as well as the post-therapy, radioiodine scan remains negative.

  10. Impact of vegetarian diet on serum immunoglobulin levels in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorczyca, Daiva; Prescha, Anna; Szeremeta, Karolina

    2013-03-01

    Nutrition plays an important role in immune response. We evaluated the effect of nutrient intake on serum immunoglobulin levels in vegetarian and omnivore children. Serum immunoglobulin levels and iron status were estimated in 22 vegetarian and 18 omnivore children. Seven-day food records were used to assess the diet. There were no significant differences in serum IgA, IgM, and IgG levels between groups of children. Serum immunoglobulin levels were lower in vegetarian children with iron deficiency in comparison with those without iron deficiency. In the vegetarians, IgG level correlated positively with energy, zinc, copper, and vitamin B(6) intake. In the omnivores, these correlations were stronger with IgM level. Despite negligible differences in serum immunoglobulin levels between vegetarian and omnivore children, the impact of several nutrient intakes on IgM and IgG levels differed between groups. Low iron status in vegetarian children can lead to decreased immunoglobulin levels.

  11. Environmental tobacco smoke and serum vitamin C levels in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, R S

    2001-03-01

    High levels of free radicals in tobacco smoke are thought to be responsible for decreased levels of serum ascorbic acid in smokers and adults exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The association of ETS to serum ascorbic acid in children is unknown. Data were analyzed from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents (n = 2968). Comprehensive data including serum cotinine levels and family smoking patterns allowed for analysis of relationship of ETS to serum ascorbic acid levels. Data from 24-hour dietary recall also allowed for the control of vitamin C intake. Children were divided into categories of low and high ETS exposure based on levels of serum cotinine above or below 2 ng/mL. Smokers were defined by either self-report or serum cotinine >15 ng/mL. Although there was a trend for lower levels of vitamin C intake in children with higher levels of ETS exposure, this trend did not reach statistical significance. Among all children, serum ascorbic acid levels were linearly related to serum cotinine levels (r = 0.19). In addition, a dose-response relationship was observed between levels of tobacco exposure and serum ascorbic acid levels. After adjusting for age, gender, vitamin C intake, and multivitamin use, environmental tobacco exposure remained significantly associated with lower levels of serum ascorbic acid in children who were exposed to both high and low levels of ETS. Exposure of children to ETS leads to significant alterations in serum ascorbic acid levels. Therefore, this study further highlights the potential dangers of ETS to children.

  12. The impact of environmental temperature on lithium serum levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilting, Ingeborg; Fase, Sandra; Martens, Edwin P.; Heerdink, Eibert R.; Nolen, Willem A.; Egberts, Antoine C. G.

    Objectives: Three studies have reported a seasonal variation in lithium serum levels, with higher levels during summer. Our objective was to investigate the impact of actual environmental temperature on lithium serum levels. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using available records of

  13. Serum endocan levels in children with febrile neutropenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eylem Kiral

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Endocan is an endotelial cell specific molecule; previous studies have shown that serum endocan levels increased in cancer and sepsis and are also related to the severity of sepsis. There are no clinical study about serum endocan levels in children with febrile neutropenia. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum endocan levels in pediatric leukemia patients with febrile neutropenia (n=33 and compare them with children with leukemia without fever (n=33 and also with healthy children (n=24. The median serum endocan level in the first group (children with febrile neutropenia was statistically significantly higher compared to the leukemic children without febrile neutropenia and also control group (P<0.01 for both. No difference was determined between the serum endocan levels of the leukaemia patients without febrile neutropenia and the healthy control group (P>0.05. Serum endocan levels were also similar with febrile neutropenia due to bacterial causes comparing with the idiopathic febril neutropenia. The results of this study showed increased serum endocan in children with leukemia during the febrile neutropenia episode, and no changes of serum endocan levels in children without leukemia without infection/fever. The monitoring of a series of serum endocan levels would be helpful for the course of febrile neutropenia.

  14. Low serum zinc level in dpression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SA Mousavi

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD is a common disorder, with a lifetime prevalence of about 15 percent, perhaps as high as 25 percent for women. The etiology of MDD is too complex to be explained totally by a single social, developmental, or biological theory. A variety of factors appear to work together to cause or precipitate depressive disorders. Various functions have been reported for trace elements such as zink in recovery or exacerbation of depression. METHODS: In this experimental study, we studied 46 patients with MDD based on DSM IV criteria, among the patients referred to mental disorders clininc of Noor Hospital. Twenty Patients were men and 26 were women. Thirty two volunteers of general population were evaluated for depression with Beck depression test who did not show any depressive symptoms with this test. A blood sample of 5cc was obtained from each person and the serum zinc concentration was measured. Data gathered and analyzed with SPSS, logistic regression and chi-squar tests. RESULTS: Serum zinc concentrations were 74 to 130 mg/dl in men and 60 to 128 mg/dl in women of control group. Serum zinc concentration was 30 to 60 mg/dl in depressive patients that it was lower in women than men. The difference between serum zinc concentrations of normal and depressive persons was meaningful (P = 0.02. CONCLUSION: In our study, the serum concentration of zinc was about half of normal value. This study replicates previous findings that major depressed subjects show significantly lowered serum zinc concentration. KEYWORDS: Depression, zinc.

  15. Serum malondialdehyde levels during menstral cycle

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    hour overnight fasting during the three phases of their menstrual cycle. Serum Malondialdehyde (MDA) activity was ... dysmenorrhea at some stage of their life usually between. 17 and 25 years (Llewellyn-Jones, 1986). ... peroxidation products have been associated with a variety of acute, chronic pathophysiological ...

  16. Serum urea and creatinine levels in Nigerian human malaria patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum urea and creatinine levels were determined in malaria patients infected with P. falciparum. Serum urea levels decreased significantly (P<0.05) in both mild (4.10 ±1.10 mmol/L) and moderate (4.40 ±1.40 mmol/L) parasitaemia when compared to control subjects (5.50 ±1.40 mmol/L). On the other hand, serum ...

  17. Increase in thyroglobulin antibody and thyroid peroxidase antibody levels, but not preterm birth-rate, in pregnant Danish women upon iodine fortification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Sofie; Boas, Malene; Hilsted, Linda

    2017-01-01

    of antibody positivity were explored using three cut-offs: TPOAbs and/or TgAbs >100 kU/L, TPOAbs and/or TgAbs >60 kU/L and TPOAbs >30 and/or TgAbs >20 kU/L. National preterm birth data were extracted from the National Birth Registry. RESULTS: In the three cohorts, TPOAb levels >60 kU/L were found in 5.4, 8...... in 4.1% of all pregnancies with no effect from antibody positivity (TPOAbs and/or TgAbs >60 kU/L, χ2(1, n = 1039) = 0.0, P = 0.98, aOR = 1.1, 95% CI (0.4-2.7)). The national preterm birth-rate showed no increase over the same period. CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid antibody positivity in Danish pregnant women has......OBJECTIVE: The presence of thyroid antibodies in pregnancy has been associated with preterm birth. In the non-pregnant population, the implementation of the Danish iodine fortification program has increased the prevalence of thyroid antibodies. This study investigated the prevalence of thyroid...

  18. Serum Magnesium Levels in Non-Pregnant, Pregnant And Pre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this study was to compare the serum magnesium levels in normal pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia since magnesium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular dysfunction. We measured serum magnesium levels in patients with pre-eclampsia (n=36), patients with normal ...

  19. Serum YKL-40 and interleukin 6 levels in Hodgkin lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biggar, R.J.; Johansen, J.S.; Smedby, K.E.

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: Serum levels of the inflammatory markers YKL-40 and interleukin 6 (IL-6) are increased in many conditions, including cancers. We examined serum YKL-40 and IL-6 levels in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, a tumor with strong immunologic reaction to relatively few tumor cells, especially...

  20. Serum vitamin D levels in children with recurrent otitis media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cayir, Atilla; Turan, Mehmet Ibrahim; Ozkan, Ozalkan; Cayir, Yasemin; Kaya, Avni; Davutoglu, Salih; Ozkan, Behzat

    2014-04-01

    The aims of this study were to evaluate serum vitamin D levels in cases of recurrent otitis media and investigate the effect of vitamin D therapy on the risk of re-occurrence of the disease. This prospective study was performed by comparing serum vitamin D levels in children with recurrent otitis media and healthy children. Eighty-four children between 1 and 5 years of age and diagnosed with recurrent otitis media were enrolled as the study group. One hundred-and-eight healthy children with similar demographic characteristics were enrolled as the control group. Patients were divided into groups according to their serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels. In patients with low initial serum vitamin D levels, vitamin D therapy was administered in addition to conventional treatment for otitis media. Mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level in the study group was 11.4 ± 9.8 ng/mL Serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels were below 20 ng/mL in 69 % (n = 58) of cases in this group. In the control group, mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level was 29.2 ± 13.9 ng/mL and was below 20 ng/mL in 30 % (n = 32) of cases. Comparison of serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels and PTH in the study and control groups revealed a statistically significant difference (p otitis media.

  1. Serum testosterone levels in Nigerian male marijuana and cigarette ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effects of marijuana and cigarette use on serum levels of testosterone, the principal androgen in man has been a matter of serious controversy; and there is a paucity of reports on the subject in Nigeria in West Africa south of Sahara. We therefore investigated the effects of the use of these substances on serum levels of ...

  2. Serum Copper and Caeruloplasmin levels in Pregnant, Lactating ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the serum levels of copper and caeruloplasmin in pregnant and lactating women from South Eastern Nigeria. Methods Serum copper and Caeruloplasmin levels from 60 pregnant women at various stages of pregnancy and sixty (60) nursing mothers in their immediate postnatal period, all aged ...

  3. Serum Lipids and Lipoproteins Levels and Selected Trace Metals In ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There have been several reports on the role of macronutrients in the pathogenesis of high blood pressure (HBP), however, reports on the relationship between micronutrients and trace metals are few, especially in blacks. This study aim to determine the serum levels of trace metals and correlate same with serum levels of ...

  4. Periodontal status and serum creatine kinase levels among young ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: It is hypothesized that soccer players with periodontal disease exhibit raised serum creatine kinase (CK) levels as compared to those without periodontal disease. We assessed the clinical gingival status and serum CK levels among young soccer players. Materials and Methods: Demographic data were ...

  5. Levels of serum immunoglobulins in apparently healthy children and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Levels of serum immunoglobulins in apparently healthy children and adults in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. ... Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences ... Serum levels of the immunoglobulins: IgG, IgA and IgM were determined by the single radial immunodiffusion technique of Mancini in a total of 122 apparently healthy ...

  6. Serum levels of fetal antigen 1 in extreme nutritional States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andries, Alin; Niemeier, Andreas; Støving, Rene K

    2012-01-01

    Objective. Recent data suggest that fetal antigen (FA1) is linked to disorders of body weight. Thus, we measured FA1 serum levels in two extreme nutritional states of morbid obesity (MO) and anorexia nervosa (AN) and monitored its response to weight changes. Design. FA1 and insulin serum concentr......Objective. Recent data suggest that fetal antigen (FA1) is linked to disorders of body weight. Thus, we measured FA1 serum levels in two extreme nutritional states of morbid obesity (MO) and anorexia nervosa (AN) and monitored its response to weight changes. Design. FA1 and insulin serum...

  7. Serum endocan levels in endometrial and ovarian cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laloglu, Esra; Kumtepe, Yakup; Aksoy, Hulya; Topdagi Yilmaz, Emsal Pınar

    2017-09-01

    Ovarian and endometrial carcinomas are the two most common malignancies of the female reproductive system. Endocan is a proteoglycan that is specific to vascular endothelial cells. Increased serum levels have been reported in some tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate serum endocan levels in cases of endometrial and ovarian cancer. Levels of serum endocan were assessed in 27 patients with endometrial cancer and 20 with ovarian cancer, and in 38 control subjects with benign ovarian or endometrial disorders. Thirty-five healthy subjects were also included. Serum endocan levels were measured using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum CA-125 levels were also measured in the patient and control groups. All patients had detectable serum endocan levels among endometrial and ovarian cancer groups except six cases. However, in the benign and healthy control groups, all endocan levels were undetectable except for two cases in the benign group and three in the healthy control group. Serum endocan levels were significantly higher in the entire patient group than in the controls (Pendometrial cancer and ovarian cancer were higher than in both the control groups (Pendometrial disorders do not lead to expression of endocan, malignant cases can result in measurable endocan levels. This may be useful in differentiating benign and malign diseases of the endometrium or ovary. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. SERUM SOLUBLE E CADHERIN LEVEL IN PATIENTS WITH ENDOMETRIOSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅晨薇; 郎景和

    2002-01-01

    Objective.To investigate the serum sE cadherin level in patients with endometriosis and the alterations of that level in healthy control during the menstrual cycle.Methods.Thirty two patients with endometriosis and 30 healthy women were tested for serum sE cadherin levels by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results.The serum sE cadherin levels in healthy control did not vary throughout the menstrual cycle,which were lower than those in patients with endometriosis.Conclusions.E cadherin might be involved in endometrial shedding during menstruation in endometriosis patients.The serum sE cadherin assay might be helpful as a serum marker for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis.

  9. Osteoprotegerin Serum Levels in Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolarz G

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoprotegerin (OPG wird in der entzündeten Synovialis bei chronischer Polyarthritis von Makrophagen, dendritischen Zellen und B-Zellen produziert. OPG hemmt die Differenzierung von Osteoklasten und ihre Aktivierung durch die Bindung an RANKL (receptor activator of NFkappaBbeta ligand. OPG könnte daher eine wichtige Rolle in der Verhinderung des Auftretens von Erosionen bei chronischer Polyarthritis spielen. In der vorliegenden Studie wurde untersucht, ob die Serumspiegel von Osteoprotegerin mit Entzündungsparametern oder der Gelenksdestruktion bei chronischer Polyarthritiskorrelieren. Patienten und Methoden: In 85 Sera von 68 Patienten mit chronischer Polyarthritis wurden die Serumspiegel von OPG untersucht und mit klinischen Parametern, Laborbefunden und dem Larsen-Score verglichen. Zur OPG-Bestimmung wurde ein Sandwich-ELISA (enzyme-linked-im-munosorbent-assay mit zwei spezifischen OPG-Antikörpern verwendet. Mit dem bindenden Antikörper wurde eine Mikrotiterplatte beladen, der zweite Biotin-konjugierte Antikörper wurde durch Streptavidin-Peroxidase und TMB gemessen. Der Immunoassay mißt sowohl freies als auch an RANKL gebundenes OPG. Zur statistischen Auswertung wurde ein SAS-Programm verwendet, als Tests wurden der Mann-Whitney-Test, die Spearman-Korrelation und die Varianzanalyse (ANOVA angewandt. Ergebnisse: Verglichen mit einer gesunden Kontrollgruppe (Alter 56-76 Jahre lagen die Mittelwerte von Serum-OPG bei chronischer Polyarthritis höher. Wenn man den Mittelwert der Gesunden für die Einteilung in höhere oder niedrigere Serum-OPG-Werte bei Patienten mit chronischer Polyarthritis verwendet, zeigt sich im Mann-Whitney-Test eine signifikante Korrelation nicht nur mit BSG und Rheumafaktor, sondern auch mit dem Larsen-Score. Die OPG-Spiegel korrelierten mit dem Rheumafaktor, der BSG und dem Serum-CRP (C-reaktives Protein signifikant positiv, der Larsen-Score zeigte nur einen statistischen Trend. Diskussion: OPG blockiert die

  10. Evaluation of the serum zinc level in patients with vitiligo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Rostami Mogaddam

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Vitiligo is an acquired, idiopathic disorder characterized by circumscribed depigmented macules and patches, which affects approximately 0.1–2% of the general population worldwide. Zinc is an essential trace element that is necessary for growth and development at all stages of life. Some studies have reported an association between serum zinc levels and vitiligo. Aim : To measure the serum zinc level in patients with vitiligo compared to healthy subjects. Material and methods : One hundred patients with vitiligo and 100 healthy controls were referred to our clinic. The two groups were matched for age and sex. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry was used to measure serum zinc levels. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results : The mean serum level of zinc in vitiligo patients and controls was 80.11 ±17.10 µg/dl and 96.10 ±16.16 µg/dl, respectively. The serum zinc level in patients with vitiligo was significantly lower than in healthy controls (p = 0.0001. Conclusions : The results of our study revealed a significant association between vitiligo and serum zinc levels. A relative decrease in the serum zinc level in vitiligo patients can highlight the role of zinc in the pathogenesis of vitiligo, and large-scale studies need to be conducted to confirm these findings and assess the effect of oral zinc supplements in patients with low zinc levels.

  11. Dose {sup 131}I radioactivity interfere with thyroglobulin measurement in patients undergoing radioactive iodine therapy with recombinant human TSH?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, So Hyun; Bang, Ji In; Lee, Ho Young; Kim, Sang Eun [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) is widely used in radioactive iodine therapy (RIT) to avoid side effects caused by hypothyroidism during the therapy. Owing to RIT with rhTSH, serum thyroglobulin (Tg) is measured with high 131I concentrations. It is of concern that the relatively high energy of 131I could interfere with Tg measurement using the immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). We investigated the effect of 131I administration on Tg measurement with IRMA after RIT. A total of 67 patients with thyroid cancer were analysed retrospectively. All patients had undergone rhTSH stimulation for RIT. The patients’ sera were sampled 2 days after 131I administration and divided into two portions: for Tg measurements on days 2 and 32 after 131I administration. The count per minute (CPM) of whole serum (200 μl) was also measured at each time point. Student’s paired t-test and Pearson’s correlation analyses were performed for statistical analysis. Serum Tg levels were significantly concordant between days 2 and 32, irrespective of the serum CPM. Subgroup analysis was performed by classification based on the 131I dose. No difference was noted between the results of the two groups. IRMA using 125I did not show interference from 131I in the serum of patients stimulated by rhTSH.

  12. Serum calcium levels are not associated with coronary heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Y

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Yuelong Jin,* Lianping He,* Quanhai Wang, Yan Chen, Xiaohua Ren, Hui Tang, Xiuli Song, Lingling Ding, Qin Qi, Zhiwei Huang, Jiegen Yu, Yingshui Yao Department of Preventive Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Numerous studies have reported that low calcium intake is related to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between serum calcium and coronary heart disease is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare serum calcium levels in patients with coronary heart disease and those in healthy individuals. Methods: This retrospective, case-control study conducted in the People's Republic of China comprised 380 cases and 379 controls. Serum calcium levels, blood lipids, and anthropometric measurements were measured in both groups. The Student's unpaired t-test or Chi-square test was used to compare differences between cases and controls. Pearson's partial correlation coefficient was used to determine the association between serum calcium, blood lipids, and blood pressure in both groups. Results: Our results indicate that the average level of serum calcium in cases was higher than in controls. Serum calcium levels showed no correlation with any parameter except for triglycerides in either group. Conclusion: Overall, these data suggest that serum calcium has no influence on coronary heart disease or triglyceride levels in the general population. Keywords: serum calcium, hypertension, blood lipids

  13. Serum Levels of Follistatin Are Positively Associated With Serum-Free Thyroxine Levels in Patients With Hyperthyroidism or Euthyroidism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Fen-Yu; Chen, Yen-Ting; Chi, Yu-Chao; Chen, Pei-Lung; Yang, Wei-Shiung

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Follistatin is a glycoprotein with various biologic functions that plays a role in adipocyte differentiation, muscle stimulation, anti-inflammation, and energy homeostasis. Thyroid hormones influence energy expenditure, glucose, and lipid metabolism. The association between serum follistatin level and thyroid function statuses has seldom been evaluated. The objectives of this study were to compare serum follistatin concentrations in different thyroid function statuses and to evaluate the associations between serum follistatin and free thyroxine (fT4) levels. In this study, 30 patients with hyperthyroidism (HY group) and 30 euthyroid individuals (EU group) were recruited. The patients of HY group were treated with antithyroid regimens as clinically indicated, whereas no medication was given to EU group. The demographic and anthropometric characteristics, biochemical data, serum levels of follistatin, and thyroid function of both groups at baseline and at the 6th month were compared. Data of all patients were pooled for the analysis of the associations between the levels of follistatin and fT4. At baseline, the HY group had significantly higher serum follistatin levels than the EU group (median [Q1, Q3]: 1.81 [1.33, 2.78] vs 1.13 [0.39, 1.45] ng/mL, P hyperthyroidism had higher serum follistatin levels, which decreased after receiving antithyroid treatment. In addition, the serum follistatin concentrations were positively associated with serum fT4 levels in patients with hyperthyroidism or euthyroidism. PMID:26844494

  14. Relationship between stress levels and the status of serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Alternative methods for stress monitoring and evaluation prove very useful in proper dealing with it. Thus, establishing a link between stress exposure and serum antioxidant vitamins' levels would certainly provide a clue towards stress management. Aim : The study aimed at evaluating the status of serum ...

  15. Detection of serum midkine levels in cancer patients using rabbit ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Detection of serum midkine levels in cancer patients using rabbit anti-human midkine monoclonal antibodies. ... African Journal of Biotechnology ... The standard curve, precision and recovery rate were tested, respectively, and serum MK concentration of 102 cancers patients and 102 normal individuals were detected using ...

  16. Serum Vitamin E, Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels of Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was conducted to examine if there is a relationship between serum lipid and vitamin E levels and unexplained infertility and recurrent miscarriages. Eighty-two (82) healthy Nigerian Women volunteers were recruited for this study. The mean serum cholesterol and triglyceride were slightly higher in the women with ...

  17. A cohort effect on serum testosterone levels in Finnish men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perheentupa, A; Mäkinen, J; Laatikainen, T

    2013-01-01

    To investigate whether a population-level decline in serum testosterone exists in Finnish men. In comparison with other European populations, Finnish men have compared well in the studies of reproductive health (i.e. semen quality, incidence of cryptorchidism and testicular cancer); thus, we...... expected no significant cohort-dependent decrease in serum testosterone....

  18. A Study of Serum Testosterone and Luteinizing Hormone Levels in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Low libido is considered to be the most prominent symptomatic reflection of low serum testosterone and it is unclear how frequent an individual who reported to the clinic with low libido indicates low serum testosterone levels. Objective: This study seeks to know how many of the self reported patients with low ...

  19. [Seasonal alterations in serum iron levels in elite football players].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malićević, Sead; Nesić, Dejan; Rosić, Ilija

    2008-01-01

    It is very important to monitor levels of serum iron and other factors of iron metabolism and oxygen transport system as they play a very important role in functional ability of football players. A decrease in serum iron level can be the very first sign of development of iron deficiency anaemia, which seriously influences health and functional ability of an athlete and is a common problem in competitive sports. The aim of this study was to observe and evaluate changes in serum iron values during the competition season in relation to the training process. During four years, serum iron level was measured in 28-34 players of one of the top football clubs in Serbia, four times a year: at the beginning and at peak-point of both half-seasons. Differences between basic and control findings, relative and absolute changes in serum iron levels and statistical significance of the findings were than calculated. There was a significant decrease in mean serum iron levels on each control test, compared to basic values. Mean value of control serum iron levels is significantly lower than mean of preseason values (20.64 +/- 6.58 vs. 16.38 +/- 5.51 micromol/l). A significant decrease in serum iron level among footballers during both half-seasons is most probably due to an increased loss and/or diminished absorption resulting from a high intensity training process. Because the decline in serum iron may be an early sign of iron store depletion and iron deficiency anaemia, it is very important to evaluate it regularly, along with other factors of iron metabolism and oxygen transport system.

  20. Seasonal alterations in serum iron levels in elite football players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malićević Sead

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION It is very important to monitor levels of serum iron and other factors of iron metabolism and oxygen transport system as they play a very important role in functional ability of football players. A decrease in serum iron level can be the very first sign of development of iron deficiency anemia, which seriously influences health and functional ability of an athlete and is a common problem in competitive sports. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to observe and evaluate changes in serum iron values during the competition season in relation to the training process. METHOD During four years, serum iron level was measured in 28-34 players of one of the top football clubs in Serbia, four times a year: at the beginning and at peak-point of both half seasons. Differences between basic and control findings, relative and absolute changes in serum iron levels and statistical significance of the findings were than calculated. RESULTS There was a significant decrease in mean serum iron levels on each control test, compared to basic values. Mean value of control serum iron levels is significantly lower than mean of preseason values (20.64± 6.58 vs. 16.38±5.51 μmol/l. CONCLUSION A significant decrease in serum iron level among footballers during both half-seasons is most probably due to an increased loss and/or diminished absorption resulting from a high intensity training process. Because the decline in serum iron may be an early sign of iron store depletion and iron deficiency anemia, it is very important to evaluate it regularly, along with other factors of iron metabolism and oxygen transport system.

  1. Serum IL-9 levels and sublingual immunotherapy: preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciprandi, G; De Amici, M; Marseglia, G L

    2011-01-01

    Th9 is a new T cell subset characterized by IL-9 production. It has been reported that serum IL-9 levels are related with symptom severity in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). This study is aimed at investigating whether serum IL-9 may be modulated by sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in patients with persistent AR due to Parietaria allergy. Twenty-one AR patients (9 males, median age 41 years) successfully treated with SLIT and 52 AR patients (25 males, median age 34 years) treated only with drugs were evaluated during the pollen season. Serum IL-9 was dosed in all patients. SLIT-treated patients showed significantly lower serum IL-9 levels than untreated AR patients (p <0.0001). In conclusion, this preliminary study shows that a single pre-seasonal SLIT course might modulate serum IL-9.

  2. Serum & cerebrospinal fluid ferritin levels in children with acute leukaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, A; Rusia, U; Anand, N K; Sood, S K

    1989-06-01

    Serum and CSF ferritin were estimated in 35 consecutive patients of acute leukaemia at the time of admission and on induction of remission. Serum ferritin levels were significantly raised in 94 per cent patients of acute leukaemia. The mean (+/- SD) serum ferritin (314.36 +/- 158.4 micrograms/1) was significantly higher when compared with control values (P less than 0.001). Remission induction resulted in significant fall in serum ferritin values to a mean of 149 (+/- 98.7) micrograms/l (P less than 0.05). Serum ferritin is thus of value in assessing the state of remission and is a sensitive indicator of the leukaemic cell mass and the state of activity of the disease. CSF ferritin levels in acute leukaemia were comparable to normal control values. CSF ferritin did not reflect CNS involvement in acute leukaemia and therefore its value as a tumour marker of CNS infiltration is doubtful.

  3. Investigation of Serum Visfatin Levels in Patients with Psoriasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Vural

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent, T-cell mediated inflammatory skin disease with multifactorial etiology. It was shown that visfatin, an adipocytokine, induces expression of the tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a, interleukin (IL-1b, IL-6 ve IL-8 in previous studies. In the present study, we aimed to investigate serum visfatin levels and relation between visfatin and psoriasis severity.Material and Method: Forty psoriatic patient and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. Serum visfatin, IL-6, TNF-a and CRP levels were measured in all participant and PASI scores of the psoriatic patients were estimated. Results: The mean serum visfatin and IL-6 levels were not statistically different in psoriatic patients compared with controls (p=0.509 and p=0.213. Serum TNF-a levels were significantly higher in patients with psoriasis than in healthy controls (p=0.015. There was no statistically significant difference in CRP levels between two groups (p=0.370. However, there was positive correlation between PASI scores and serum visfatin or CRP levels respectively (p=0.001, p=0.002. The positive correlation was also found between serum visfatin and CRP levels (p=0.029. Conclusion: These results demonstrated that visfatin may not play a significant role in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis but visfatin could be accepted as a nonspecific inflammatory marker to correlated severity of the disease.

  4. Serum inhibin B levels during male childhood and puberty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, A M; Skakkebaek, N E

    2001-01-01

    Inhibin B is a testicular peptide hormone that regulates FSH secretion in a negative feedback loop. In males serum levels of inhibin B are detectable throughout life with prominent changes in the first year of life and during puberty. Serum inhibin B is normally detectable throughout childhood...... normal or near-normal levels are seen in cryptorchidism and disorders with preserved Sertoli cell function in spite of absence of germ cells or impaired androgen biosynthesis or action. During puberty a developmental change in the regulation of serum inhibin B occurs. In contrast to childhood inhibin B...

  5. Genetic and environmental influences of surfactant protein D serum levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Grith Lykke; Hjelmborg, Jacob v. B.; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm

    2006-01-01

    The collectin surfactant protein D (SP-D) is an important component of the pulmonary innate immune system, but SP-D is also present on extrapulmonary epithelial surfaces and in serum, where it has been used as a biomarker for pulmonary disease states. In this study, we investigate the mechanisms...... in the NH(2)-terminal region (Met11Thr) of the mature protein is significantly associated with the serum SP-D levels. A classic twin study was performed on a twin population including 1,476 self-reported healthy adults. The serum SP-D levels increased with male sex, age, and smoking status. The intraclass...

  6. Elevated serum copper and ceruloplasmin levels in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jun-Hyun; Lee, Dong-Woo; Park, Kyung Soo

    2014-03-01

    Copper takes part in a variety of biological reduction-oxidation (redox) processes, and is an important cofactor of many redox enzymes. Ceruloplasmin, the copper-transporting protein, also possesses an important redox capacity. We assessed serum copper, ceruloplasmin and free-copper levels in 89 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (mean age, 77.83 years; 41 men, 48 women) and in 118 healthy individuals (mean age, 69.93 years; 50 men, 68 women). High (≥75th percentile), medium, and low (≤25th percentile) copper, ceruloplasmin and free-copper groups were classified according to their serum level. Serum copper (P = 0.026) and ceruloplasmin (P = 0.001) levels were significantly higher in the AD group than in the control group. There was no significant difference in serum free-copper levels between AD and healthy elderly groups (P = 0.975). After adjusting for age differences, serum copper (P = 0.049) was still significantly higher in the AD group. Furthermore, serum copper levels correlated with scores on the Boston naming test (r = -0.151, P = 0.037), indicating a close relationship between copper levels and cognitive abilities. The significant association between the copper concentration in peripheral serum and AD with elevated copper levels found in patients with AD is likely linked to the evolution of AD. Serum copper levels were significantly negatively correlated with scores on cognitive test subscores. AD patients may have significantly more "defective" ceruloplasmin, that is, apo-ceruloplasmin lacking its copper, than in healthy controls. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  7. Serum Renalase Levels Correlate with Disease Activity in Lupus Nephritis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaojun Qi

    Full Text Available Lupus nephritis (LN is among the most serious complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. Renalase is a novel, kidney-secreted cytokine-like protein that promotes cell survival. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship of serum renalase levels with LN and its role in the disease progression of LN.For this cross-sectional study, 67 LN patients and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. Seventeen active LN patients who received standard therapies were followed up for six months. Disease activity was determined by the SLE Disease Activity-2000 (SLEDAI-2K scoring system and serum renalase amounts were determined by ELISA. Predictive value of renalase for disease activity was assessed. Furthermore, the expression of renalase in the kidneys of patients and macrophage infiltration was assessed by immunohistochemistry.Serum renalase amounts were significantly higher in LN patients than in healthy controls. Moreover, patients with proliferative LN had more elevated serum renalase levels than Class V LN patients. In proliferative LN patients, serum renalase levels were significantly higher in patients with active LN than those with inactive LN. Serum renalase levels were positively correlated with SLEDAI-2K, 24-h urine protein excretion, ds-DNA and ESR but inversely correlated with serum albumin and C3. Renalase amounts decreased significantly after six-months of standard therapy. The performance of renalase as a marker for diagnosis of active LN was 0.906 with a cutoff value of 66.67 μg/ml. We also observed that the amount of renalase was significantly higher in glomerular of proliferative LN along with the co-expression of macrophages.Serum renalase levels were correlated with disease activity in LN. Serum renalase might serve as a potential indicator for disease activity in LN. The marked increase of glomerular renalase and its association with macrophages suggest that it might play an

  8. The relationship between serum bilirubin level with interleukin‑6 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-12-21

    Dec 21, 2013 ... higher in the sepsis group (P < 0.05); APACHE II and SOFA scores were also significantly higher. Both SOFA scores and serum IL‑10 levels were positively correlated with bilirubin levels 24 h after diagnosis (P < 0.05, r = −0.76). Conclusions: Although levels of bilirubin and other associated parameters ...

  9. Serum clusterin level in children with atopic dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sol, In Suk; Kim, Yoon Hee; Lee, Kyung Eun; Hong, Jung Yeon; Kim, Mi Na; Kim, Yun Seon; Oh, Mi Seon; Kim, Min Jung; Yoon, Seo Hee; Park, Young A; Kim, Kyung Won; Sohn, Myung Hyun; Kim, Kyu-Earn

    2016-07-01

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Clusterin is a sensitive cellular biosensor of oxidative stress and has been studied as a marker to assess inflammatory diseases. The clusterin levels in AD have not been evaluated thus far. We evaluated serum clusterin levels in children with AD and assessed the relationship between serum clusterin levels and the severity of AD. The study enrolled a total 140 children, of whom 100 had AD (n = 100) and 40 were healthy (n = 40). The severity of AD was scored by using the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD). Total serum immunoglobulin E and specific immunoglobulin E levels against egg whites, cow's milk, peanuts, soybeans, wheat, and Dermatophagoides farinae were measured. Clusterin levels in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mean (interquartile range) age of the children was 5.1 years (1.3-8.4 years), and 92 (69.3%) of the children were boys. The mean (standard deviation) SCORAD index was 50.4 ± 17. The mean (standard deviation) clusterin level of children with AD was higher than that in the healthy control group children (148.13 ± 4.3 pg/mL versus 144.85 ± 5.1 pg/mL; p = 0.001). Serum clusterin levels were correlated with the SCORAD index (r = 0.327, p = 0.002). The serum clusterin level was higher in children with AD than in the healthy control group and increased with the severity of AD. Serum clusterin may be a candidate molecule that reflects AD and its severity.

  10. Serum PCB levels and congener profiles among US construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altshul Larisa

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The presence of PCB in caulking (sealant material found in masonry buildings has been well-documented in several countries. A recent investigation of 24 buildings in the greater Boston area found that 8 buildings had high PCB levels in caulking materials used around window frames and in joints between masonry blocks. Workers removing caulking material have been shown to have elevated serum PCB levels. Methods This project compared serum PCB levels among male workers who installed and/or removed PCB-containing caulking material from buildings in the greater Boston area with reference serum PCB levels from 358 men from the same area. Serum PCB levels were measured in the same laboratory by liquid-liquid extraction, column chromatography clean-up and dual capillary column GC/microECD analysis. Results When the congener profiles were compared between the reference population and the construction workers, the serum levels of the more volatile, lighter PCBs (di-, tri-and tetrachloro, sum of IUPAC# 6–74 were substantially higher among the construction workers. One of the youngest workers had the lowest total serum PCB levels (sum of 57 congeners of all 6 workers, but the contribution of more volatile (less chlorinated PCB congeners (#16, 26,28,33,74,66, and 60 was markedly higher than in other 5 workers and reference men. Only this worker was working on a job that involved removing PCB caulking at the time of the blood sampling. Conclusion While the results of this pilot study are based upon small numbers (6 construction workers who handled PCB caulking, the serum PCB levels among the construction workers exceed the referents. Comparison of the congener profiles suggests that there are substantial differences between the construction workers and the general population samples. These differences, and the similarities of profiles among the construction workers strongly suggest that occupational contact with caulking material can be

  11. Serum copper and zinc levels in melanoma patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, G.L. (Battelle Columbus Labs., OH); Spitler, L.E.; McNeill, K.L.; Rosenblatt, L.S.

    1981-04-01

    Serum copper levels (SCL) and serum zinc levels (SZL) were evaluated in malignant melanoma patients at various clinical stages. Copper levels were generally found to be elevated, reflecting the degree and extent of tumor activity. Zinc levels and, hence, SCL:SZL ratios did not reflect tumor activity. SCL appeared to prognosticate disease progression in that all patients whose values never declined below 150 ..mu..g/100 ml died during the course of the study. However, not all patients who died from tumor metastases displayed persistent elevations of SCL. Patients receiving BCG immunotherapy appeared to have higher SCL than untreated patients.

  12. Association between Chronic Periodontitis and Serum Lipid Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferial Taleghani

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the high prevalence of hyperlipidaemia, which is one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular disease, and uncertain reports about the relation between periodontal disease and serum lipid profile, this study was conducted to assess this relation. The historical cohort study was conducted on 52 cases including 26 persons with chronic periodontitis as case group, and 26 healthy subjects as control group. Both groups had the same age and weight ranges, sex, and diet, without any periodontal treatment history in the past six months, underling systemic disease such as diabetes, anti-hyperlipidemic drugs or active tobacco smoking history. Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL, Triglyceride (TG and Total Cholesterol (CHOL were measured by direct enzymatic assay. TG level was 128.4±71.1 mg/dl in control group and 165.2± 83.7 in case group indicating a significantly higher level in case group (P<0.05. In control group, 30.8 percent and in case group, 61.5 percent had abnormal serum cholesterol levels, which presents a significantly higher level in case group (P<0.03. Other serum level indices did not show any significant difference. Although it seems that patients with chronic periodontal disease are more susceptible to hyperlipidemia, it is doubtful that the former causes an increase in serum lipid levels, so we suggest studying the effects of treating chronic periodontitis on serum lipid level.

  13. Serum IgE levels in patients with intracranial tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George A Alexiou

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Several epidemiological studies have shown an inverse correlation between allergy and brain cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare the serum IgE levels between patients with gliomas and nonglial tumors and their possible prognostic role. Methods: A total of 84 patients with intracranial tumors were included in this study. At clinical presentation, estimation of serum IgE levels was assessed by nephelometry. Detailed information regarding the history of allergies was collected by interview. Results: Of the 84 cases, 42 were gliomas, 23 were meningiomas, 16 were metastases and 3 were primary central nervous system lymphomas. Patients with high-grade glioma had lower IgE levels than patients with low-grade glioma. Patients with glioma and meningioma had statistical significant lower serum IgE levels than patients with metastases. Patients with glioblastoma with serum IgE levels greater than 24 U/mL had a better survival. Conclusion: Patients with glioma and meningioma had lower IgE levels than patients with metastatic lesions. A prognostic role of serum IgE levels was found in glioblastoma. Further studies in larger patient series are required in order to verify our preliminary observations.

  14. Effects of substances on serum zinc levels in postmenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasińska, Maria; Mroczek, Bozena; Kotwas, Artur; Baczkowski, Tomasz; Wieder-Huszla, Sylwia; Szkup-Jabłońska, Malgorzata; Grochans, Elzbieta; Karakiewicz, Beata; Starczewski, Andrzej

    2014-11-01

    Demographic facts and forecasts about lengthening life expectancy motivate to systematize the knowledge of health problems experienced by women at the age of 50 and older. It refers to the whole health policy including health economics. Longer female life spans cause that an increasing number of women suffer from health problems associated with the perimenopausal period, and become health care recipients. Also a shift of retirement age is the reason to take interdisciplinary actions for women's health and quality of life. This study describes a decline in the levels of many bioelements in hair, urine and blood serum, which progresses with age. It not only correlates with a decrease in the synthesis and secretion of estrogen, but also environmental pollution, unhealthy lifestyle and the use of substances. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between serum zinc levels in postmenopausal women and such variables as the use of substances (cigarettes, alcohol) and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT). Material and method: The study was conducted among 152 healthy women being 1-16 years after menopause. The women were divided into study group (MHT users) and control group (MHT non-users). A sub-division criterion was the use of substances (cigarettes, alcohol). Serum zinc levels were determined in all women. Results: The use of substances significantly contributed to the lowering of serum zinc levels in postmenopausal women. MHT users had statistically higher average zinc levels in blood serum, which referred both to smokers and consumers of alcohol and those who did not use these substances. (1) The use-of substances (cigarettes, alcohol) contributes to the lowering of zinc levels in blood serum. (2) MHT positively affects serum zinc levels in postmenopausal women regardless of whether they use substances (cigarettes, alcohol) or not.

  15. Serum hyaluronic acid in polymyositis: high serum levels tend to correlate with disease activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, M B; Silva, M G; Shinjo, S K

    2014-01-01

    Polymyositis (PM) is a rare systemic idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is closely linked to inflammatory cellular reactions and disease activity. Increased serum levels of HA have been reported in several inflammatory diseases, but currently, there are no studies analysing the HA in PM. Thus, clinical association of HA with PM in patients was determined in the present study. The present cross-sectional study was performed at one centre from 2012 to 2013 and included 35 consecutive adult patients with PM (Bohan and Peter criteria, 1975) and 38 adult healthy volunteers. The serum HA was assessed with anti-HA antibody, using the specific ELISA/EIA kits according to the manufacturer's protocol. The average age, distribution of females and ethnicity were comparable in patients with PM and the control group. Regarding disease status, patients with PM had a median patient visual analogue score (VAS) of 2 [0-6], physician VAS of 1 [0-3], MMT-8 of 74 [68-80] and HAQ of 0.48 [0.00-1.14]. The serum levels of HA were also significantly increased in patients with PM (390±412 ng/mL) compared to healthy subjects (129±119 ng/mL), p=0.001. In an additional analysis, the serum levels of HA did not correlate with PM demographic data (gender and ethnicity), current organ involvement or autoantibodies and were not been influenced by the use of prednisolone and/or immunosuppressives by the PM patients. However, there was a positive correlation between serum levels of HA and VAS (patient and physician), and a negative correlation between serum levels of HA and MMT-8. High serum levels of HA were observed in patients with PM and tended to correlate with PM disease activity. Additional studies are needed to assess this correlation, as well as to understand the mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of PM by HA.

  16. Thyroglobulin as a marker of iodine nutrition status in the general population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vejbjerg, P.; Knudsen, N.; Perrild, H.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The iodine status of a population is traditionally evaluated by either urinary iodine (UT) excretion or by some measure of thyroid volume and the prevalence of goitre. In this prospective study of a mandatory iodization programme, we aimed to evaluate serum thyroglobulin (Tg) as a marker...... of iodine status in the population. Methods: Two identical cross-sectional studies were performed before (1997-1998, n=4649) and after (2004-2005, n=3570) the initiation of the Danish iodization programme in two areas with mild and moderate iodine deficiency. Serum Tg was measured from blood samples...

  17. Serum Iron and Ferritin Levels in Patients with Vitiligo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Tülin Mansur

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: In recent years, the role of oxidative stress in vitiligo has been widely investigated. Iron and ferritin have important roles in inflammation and oxidative reactions. However, up to date, there are very limited studies on iron metabolism in patients with vitiligo. In this study, we aimed to investigate serum iron and ferritin levels in patients with localized and generalized vitiligo in comparison with a control group.Material and Method: The study groups comprised 68 patients with vitiligo who did not receive systemic treatment or phototherapy in the preceding month, and 72 age- and sex-matched patients with skin disorders other than vitiligo including tinea pedis, melanocytic nevi, and keratoses. Blood samples for serum iron and ferritin levels were obtained before breakfast, after verbal informed consent.Results: No statistically significant differences were found between vitilligo patients and control population with regard to serum levels of iron and ferritin (p=0.478, p=0.307. Patients with localized and generalized vitiligo were also similar for these parameters (p=0.054, p=0.867. Moreover, serum levels of iron and ferritin did not show any significant correlation with disease duration (p=0.382, p=0.485. Conclusion: Our results showed that serum iron and ferritin levels were similar in patients with vitiligo and control subjects. Further studies determining the skin levels of iron and ferritin may elucidate the probable role of these molecules in vitiligo.

  18. Serum homocysteine level in vegetarians in District Tharparker, Sindh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Aneel; Zuberi, Nudrat Anwar; Rathore, M Imran; Baig, Mukhtiar

    2015-01-01

    The aim of present study was to investigate serum homocysteine levels in apparently healthy vegetarians and ominvores in Mithi, district Tharparker, Sindh, Pakistan. This study was conducted in the Department of Biochemistry, Basic Medical Sciences Institute (BMSI), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Karachi and blood samples were collected from Mithi, district Tharparker, Sindh, Pakistan, in 2012. One hundred vegetarian and one hundred omnivores (age ranging from 20-40 years) were enrolled for this study. Serum homocysteine levels were measured by the chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay method. Serum homocysteine (Hcy) level was considerably higher (pvegetarian group compared to omnivores. We further grouped and analyzed our study subjects according to their gender and according to Hcy level (greater than or lower than 15µmol/L). A considerable number of vegetarian subjects 30% were having Hcy >15µmol/L compared to omnivores 6%, (p15µmol/L serum Hcy level in vegetarian group and 6.9% male and 3.5% females had >15µmol/L serum Hcy level in omnivores group, but the difference was not significant in any group. Vegetarians are more prone to develop hyperhomocysteinemia, so they are at high risk to develop cardiovascular disease.

  19. Placental and serum levels of carotenoids in preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palan, P R; Mikhail, M S; Romney, S L

    2001-09-01

    We compared placental tissue, maternal serum, and umbilical cord venous blood levels of four dietary carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin) in normal pregnant women and those with preeclampsia. Levels of alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin were measured in placental tissue, maternal serum, and umbilical cord venous blood from 22 normal pregnant women and 19 women with preeclampsia. The criteria for recruitment included gestational age of 30-42 weeks, singleton pregnancy, intact membranes, absence of labor contractions, and absence of any other medical complication concurrent with preeclampsia. Carotenoids were measured using high-pressure liquid chromatography. All four carotenoids were detectable in human placental tissue, maternal serum, and umbilical cord venous blood samples. The levels of beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin in placentas from preeclamptic women were significantly lower (P =.032, .009, and .013, respectively, by Mann-Whitney test) than those from normal pregnant women. Maternal serum levels of beta-carotene and lycopene were significantly lower (P =.004 and .008, respectively, by Mann-Whitney test) in women with preeclampsia. However, umbilical cord venous blood levels of these carotenoids were not significantly different between the two groups. Lower placental tissue and maternal serum carotenoid levels in women with preeclampsia suggest that oxidative stress or a dietary antioxidant influence might have an effect on the pathophysiology of preeclampsia.

  20. Reduced total serum bilirubin levels are associated with ulcerative colitis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen M Schieffer

    Full Text Available Chronic inflammation associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD results in increased oxidative stress that damages the colonic microenvironment. Low levels of serum bilirubin, an endogenous antioxidant, have been associated with increased risk for Crohn's disease (CD. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether total serum bilirubin levels are associated with ulcerative colitis (UC. We identified a retrospective case-control population (n = 6,649 from a single tertiary care center, Penn State Hershey Medical Center (PSU and a validation cohort (n = 1,996 from Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center (VCU. Cases were age- and sex-matched to controls (PSU: CD n = 254, UC n = 187; VCU: CD n = 233, UC n = 124. Total serum bilirubin levels were obtained from de-identified medical records and segregated into quartiles. Logistic regression analysis was performed on each quartile of total serum bilirubin compared to the last quartile (highest bilirubin levels to determine the association of total serum bilirubin with UC. Similar to CD patients, UC patients demonstrated reduced levels of total serum bilirubin compared to controls at PSU and VCU. The lowest quartile of total serum bilirubin was independently associated with UC for the PSU (OR: 1.98 [95% CI: 1.09-3.63] and VCU cohorts (OR: 6.07 [95% CI: 3.01-12.75]. Lower levels of the antioxidant bilirubin may reduce the capability of UC patients to remove reactive oxygen species leading to an increase in intestinal injury. Therapeutics that reduce oxidative stress may be beneficial for these patients.

  1. Serum anti - TPO levels in benign and malignant breast tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabitha; Suneetha; Mohanty, Shruti; Rao, Pragna

    2009-07-01

    Breast cancer is a hormone dependent neoplasm. Conflicting results regarding the clinical correlation between breast cancer and thyroid diseases have been reported. The objective of this study was to determine the association of anti - TPO levels in patients having complaints of a lump in breast. Serum samples and Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) samples were collected from 31 female patients with a lump in breast between the age group of 20-75 years. 31 age matched normal healthy controls were also examined for the same parameters. Serum samples were analyzed for its anti - TPO levels. FNAC reports confirmed patients as having duct cell carcinoma. They had raised serum anti - TPO levels compared to controls. FNAC results of others (n=26) were reported as fibroadenoma whose anti - TPO levels were less than the controls.

  2. Serum selenium level and risk of lung cancer mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suadicani, P; Hein, H O; Gyntelberg, F

    2011-01-01

    Serum selenium has been implicated as a risk factor for lung cancer, but the issue remains unsettled. We tested in a cohort of 3,333 males aged 53 to 74 years the hypothesis that a low serum selenium would be associated with an increased risk of lung cancer mortality.During 16 years, 167 subjects(5.......1%) died from lung cancer; 48 males (5.0%) among males with low serum selenium, 0.4-1.0 μmol·l(-1), n=965, 57 males (5.1%) among males with medium serum selenium, 1.1-1.2 μmol·l(-1), n=1,141, and 62 males (5.1%) among males with high serum selenium, 1.3-3.0 μmol·l(-1), n=1,227. After adjustment for age...... (chronic bronchitis and peak flow), referencing the lowest level of serum selenium HRs were 1.17(0.79-1.75), and 1.43(0.96-2.14), respectively. Among heavy smokers a high serum selenium was associated with a significantly increased risk of lung cancer mortality after taking into account all potential...

  3. Serum leptin levels may be correlated with cerebral infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun-Bin Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To investigate the relation between serum leptin levels and cerebral infarction (CI by meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: Scientific literature databases were searched for studies published in Chinese and English. After retrieving relevant articles through database searches and screening using predefined selection criteria, high-quality studies related to our research topic were selected for inclusion in this meta-analysis. All statistical analyses were conducted using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 2.0 (CMA 2.0, Biostat Inc., Englewood, New Jersey, USA. Results: The study results revealed that serum leptin levels were significantly higher in CI patients as compared to normal controls. The outcomes of subgroup analysis by ethnicity suggested that the serum leptin levels in CI patients were significantly higher than normal controls in both Asian and Caucasian populations. Further, subgroup analysis based on the detection method indicated that the serum leptin levels in CI patients were significantly higher compared with normal controls when measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA but enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA-based measurements did not show such statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis results suggest that serum leptin levels in CI patients may be closely correlated with CI risks.

  4. Serum IL-6 level and associated factors: hemodialysis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seifi S, Mokhtari A

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: The annual amount of mortality in ESRD exceeds the expectation and represents the recent evidences of the inflammation as its etiology. The etiology of inflammation is not clearly known. Chronic inflammation is a dominant occurrence of ESRD which increases the risk of atherosclerosis, malnutrition and peripheral vascular disease. Inflammatory responses are orchestrated by cytokines. Some of the proinflammatory cytokines like IL-6 have a crucial role in this phenomenon. The IL-6 and its receptor activity is up regulated in ESRD patients and the increased level of IL-6 predicts cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in normal and CRF patients. This study devotes itself to determining the serum level of IL-6 and factors affecting it in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis in Imam Khomeini Hospital which can represent the Iranian Society. By identifying factors affecting the serum level of IL-6 and high-risk patients we can provide treatment possibilities, a decrease in mortality and an improvement in its prognosis. "n"nMethods: In this study 42 patients in Imam Dialysis Center were chosen and their serum IL-6 levels were measured at 2 times at three month interval and at the same time blood sample analysis were done for the following: Alb CPR, Ca, P, PTH, TIBC, Ferritin, TG, Chol, LDL, HDL, Uric Acid, Hb, WBC and urea."n"nResults: The mean serum level of IL-6 in hemodialysis patients was 6.35±4.47pg/ml (minimum: 0.55, maximum: 18.25 with the normal range of 1.3±3.2pg/ml."n"nConclusions: The IL-6 level was higher than normal range in the 52% of the patients. The serum IL-6 level had a significant correlations with CPR, Ferritin, TIBC, WBC and their serum IL-6 level was significantly higher in patients with hypertension, but no significant correlation was observed between other parameters and IL-6

  5. Effect of Lisuride on serum prolactin levels during puerperium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venturini, P L; Maganza, C; Massimilla, A; Campanella, P; Rossato, P; Ragni, N; De Cecco, L

    1979-06-01

    A new semisynthetic ergot derivative, Lisuride, has been administered to 40 women who wanted to have lactation inhibited. Purpose of the study was to evaluate the drug's effect on serum PRL levels. Treatment was carried out for 7 days with daily doses of 300 or 600 microgram. Lisuride lowered PRL levels, and the decrease was significantly more marked for the 600 microgram dose.

  6. Effect of chronic kidney disease on serum resistin level | Dan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) of all etiologies are usually associated with Insulin Resistance (IR). Resistin is also a protein associated with IR. Some studies conducted abroad have shown that resistin level is higher among CKD patients. Objective: To test if serum resistin level is significantly higher in CKD ...

  7. Serum levels of antioxidant vitamins and mineral elements of human ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: The results showed that the HIV positive subjects have significantly lower (P < 0.05) levels of vitamins A, C ..... Table 4: Correlation coefficients (r) of CD4 count and serum antioxidant micronutrients levels of. HIV subjects. Parameter. Correlation coefficient (r). Age (years). 0.05. Vitamin A. 0.18*. Vitamin C. 0.03.

  8. Patients with fibromyalgia have normal serum levels of hyaluronic acid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Møller, H J; Schaadt, M

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels of hyaluronic acid (HA) in Danish patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: Serum levels of HA were determined in 53 patients with established FM and 55 control samples using a radiometric assay. Values were correlated to clinical disease severity variables...

  9. Role of serum cortisol levels in children with asthma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Landstra, AM; Postma, DS; Boezen, HM; Van Aalderen, WMC

    2002-01-01

    Decreased serum cortisol levels have been proposed to contribute to nocturnal airway obstruction. We investigated whether endogenous cortisol levels are lower, and also whether the 24-h cortisol variation is greater, in children with asthma than in control subjects and assessed the relationship

  10. Serum Albumin Levels and Economic Status in Japanese Older Adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asami Ota

    Full Text Available Low serum albumin levels are associated with aging and medical conditions such as cancer, liver dysfunction, inflammation, and malnutrition and might be an independent predictor of long-term mortality in healthy older populations. We tested the hypothesis that economic status is associated with serum albumin levels and explained by nutritional and health status in Japanese older adults.We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation study (JAGES. The study participants were 6528 functionally independent residents (3189 men and 3339 women aged ≥65 years living in four municipalities in Aichi prefecture. We used household income as an indicator of economic status. Multiple linear regression was used to compare serum albumin levels in relation to household income, which was classified as low, middle, and high. Additionally, mediation by nutritional and health-related factors was analyzed in multivariable models.With the middle-income group as reference, participants with low incomes had a significantly lower serum albumin level, even after adjustment for sex, age, residential area, education, marital status, and household structure. The estimated mean difference was -0.17 g/L (95% confidence interval, -0.33 to -0.01 g/L. The relation between serum albumin level and low income became statistically insignificant when "body mass index", "consumption of meat or fish", "self-rated health", "presence of medical conditions", "hyperlipidemia", or "respiratory disease "was included in the model.Serum albumin levels were lower in Japanese older adults with low economic status. The decrease in albumin levels appears to be mediated by nutrition and health-related factors with low household incomes. Future studies are needed to reveal the existence of other pathways.

  11. Evaluation of Serum Leptin Level in Children With Acute Leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iraj Shahramian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Leptin is a multifunctional hormone plays an important role in regulating lipid, energy, homeostasis, angiogenesis, inflammation, hematopoiesis and cell cycle. This polypeptide is effective in growth and differentiation of leukemic cells through an Ob-R receptor expressed by them. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate serum leptin levels in patients with acute leukemia and compare it in lymphoid and myeloid groups. Patients and Methods This analytical case-control study, conducted on 60 children in age ranged from 6 months to 16 years in two case and control groups in Ali ibn Abi Talib hospital, Zahedan. They matched based on age and gender and examined after their parent’s satisfaction according to the parental consent forms. None of patients had heart disease, digestive, glandular and metabolic problems, iron deficiency anemia and chronic kidney disease. After collecting the samples, leptin levels of both groups were measured with ELISA kit. Then, the gathered data were analyzed in SPSS-20 software, using independent t-test in considering of 95% confidence interval. Results Leptin serum levels in patients with acute leukemia and controls showed significant difference (P < 0.05. Leptin serum levels in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloblastic leukemia showed significant difference (P < 0.05. Leptin serum level in relation to age and gender groups was not statistically significant. Conclusions The findings of this study showed that in patients with acute leukemia, leptin serum levels increase independently of age and gender. In addition, leptin serum levels in acute lymphoid leukemia were higher than acute myeloid leukemia in this study.

  12. Decrease in serum valproic acid levels during treatment with ertapenem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Fen-Fen; Huang, Yaw-Bin; Chen, Chi-Yu

    2010-08-01

    A possible interaction between valproic acid and ertapenem resulting in reduced serum valproic acid levels in two patients is reported. In the first case, a 47-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department (ED) with fever, pain, redness, swelling, and local heat in the tissue around her tracheostomy tube and left foot. One month prior she was hospitalized with pneumonia and had a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. She was given teicoplanin and amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium as empirical therapy for cellulitis. On day 3, the patient developed a fever. Amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium was discontinued and replaced by i.v. ertapenem. On day 5, due to a suspected drug-induced fever, carbamazepine was discontinued, and oral valproate sodium was initiated. On day 16, the patient was afebrile, so ertapenem was discontinued. Her serum valproic acid concentration was valproate sodium. On day 15, cefpirome was replaced with ertapenem. On day 21, she had a seizure, and her serum valproic acid levels was found to be <1 mg/L. Ertapenem was discontinued after 14 days. Her serum valproic acid levels continued to increase until discharge on day 42. After initiation of ertapenem, decreased serum valproic acid levels were observed in two patients.

  13. A multivariate analysis of serum nutrient levels and lung function

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    Smit Henriette A

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is mounting evidence that estimates of intakes of a range of dietary nutrients are related to both lung function level and rate of decline, but far less evidence on the relation between lung function and objective measures of serum levels of individual nutrients. The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive examination of the independent associations of a wide range of serum markers of nutritional status with lung function, measured as the one-second forced expiratory volume (FEV1. Methods Using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a US population-based cross-sectional study, we investigated the relation between 21 serum markers of potentially relevant nutrients and FEV1, with adjustment for potential confounding factors. Systematic approaches were used to guide the analysis. Results In a mutually adjusted model, higher serum levels of antioxidant vitamins (vitamin A, beta-cryptoxanthin, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, normalized calcium, chloride, and iron were independently associated with higher levels of FEV1. Higher concentrations of potassium and sodium were associated with lower FEV1. Conclusion Maintaining higher serum concentrations of dietary antioxidant vitamins and selenium is potentially beneficial to lung health. In addition other novel associations found in this study merit further investigation.

  14. Serum nicotine level among various tobacco users: A study

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    Dayanandam Mala

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The use of tobacco and its products has increased in the population over the past two decades, resulting in considerable systemic exposure to nicotine. Aims and Objectives: To estimate and compare the serum nicotine levels among smokers and gutkha chewers, along with the effect of nicotine replacement therapy on serum nicotine levels between them. Materials and Methods: Forty individuals were selected and divided into two groups with 20 individuals in each group. First group included individuals with a smoking habit, whereas the second group included individuals with the habit of chewing gutkha exclusively. Four blood samples were collected from all the participants in both the groups and subjected to serum nicotine estimation. Two blood samples were obtained (first sample after 30 min and the next sample after 60 min following smoking/chewing on the first day, and the other two were obtained after 24 h of tobacco abstinence (after 24 h all the participants were asked to chew nicotine chewing gums each containing 2 mg of nicotine. Statistical Analysis Used: The particulars of age, frequency of habit (smoking and chewing gutkha, and serum nicotine levels before and after replacement therapy (nicotine chewing gum were recorded and analyzed statistically by cross-tabulation for calculation of mean and frequency. Results: The serum concentration of nicotine in smokers at 30 min after smoking ranged 120-309 ng/ml and at 60 min ranged 29-77 ng/ml. In group 1, individuals′ serum nicotine concentration after replacement therapy with nicotine chewing gum ranged 29-77 ng/ml at 30 min and 1-6 ng/ml at 60 min. Serum concentration of nicotine at 30 min after chewing gutkha ranged 86-200 ng/ml and at 60 min ranged 61-102 ng/ml. The serum nicotine concentration in group 2 individuals at 30 min following chewing nicotine gum ranged 24-55 ng/ml and at 60 min ranged 0-3 ng/ml. Conclusion: Serum nicotine concentration in chewers was less at 30 min

  15. EVALUATION OF SERUM ALBUMIN LEVELS IN ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

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    Shilpa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Acute myocardial infarction (AMI is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in the world. Serum albumin levels are inversely related with age, smoking, blood pressure and obesity. It is not clear whether low serum albumin level is a nonspecific , prognostic variable, a marker of subclinical disease, or whether it is a part of causal mechanism leading to death due to cardiovascular disease. Some studies have reported an inverse association between serum albumin and cardiovascular mortality but oth ers have not . 1 The association between serum albumin and cardiovascular mortality remains controversial. This study was done to evaluate the serum albumin levels in patients with ST segment elevation Myocardial infarction (STEMI over a period of three days from the date of admission and whether the changes had any relationship with the prognosis of the patient. AIM: to associate changes in serum albumin levels in AMI patients over a period of three days i.e., day zero - at the time of admission, day+1 - the following day(12 to 30hrs after collecting first sample, day +2(32 to 54 hrs after collecting first sample with the clinical prognosis of the patient. SETTINGS AND DESIGN : Prospective follow up study in patents admitted with AMI in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: 30 pati ents admitted with STEMI were included in the study and serum albumin levels were estimated in them on admission and for two days thereafter. Statistical analysis used. The data was analysed using SPSS 15.0, STATA 8.0, MEDLAC 9.0.1, And SYSTAT 11 softwares. Repeated measures analysis of variance and student t test was used to find the significance in changes of serum albumin levels and prognosis of the patient on different days. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This study found that there was fall in serum albumin le vels in patients with AMI in the course of three days compared with the day of admission and it was significantly associated with bad prognosis.

  16. The relationship of serum erythropoietin level with coronary collateral grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahinarslan, Asife; Yalcin, Ridvan; Kocaman, Sinan Altan; Ercin, Ugur; Tanalp, Ali Cevat; Topal, Salih; Bukan, Neslihan; Boyaci, Bulent; Cengel, Atiye

    2011-01-01

    Erythropoietin has been shown to induce neovascularization and protect against ischemic vascular injury. We investigated whether a higher serum erythropoietin (EPO) level is related to better coronary collateral vessel grade. Ninety-nine patients with stable angina pectoris who have at least 1 coronary stenosis of equal to or greater than 70% at coronary angiography were prospectively enrolled. Serum EPO and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were studied. Coronary collateral degree was graded according to the Rentrop method. Patients with grade 2-3 collateral degree were included in the good collateral group and formed Group I. The patients with grade 0-1 collateral degree were included in the poor collateral group and formed Group II. The serum EPO level was significantly higher in the good collateral group (17.3 ± 9.3 mU/mL vs 11.7 ± 5.0 mU/mL; P < 0.001). There was also a positive correlation between serum EPO level and Rentrop score (r = 0.39; P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, serum EPO level (odds ratio [OR] 1.336; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.120-1.593; P = 0.001), oxygen saturation (OR 0.638; 95% CI, 0.422-0.963; P = 0.033) and presence of chronic total occlusion (CTO) (OR 26.7; 95% CI, 3.874-184.6; P = 0.001) were independently related to well-developed coronary collaterals. Higher serum EPO level is related to better coronary collateral development. Erythropoietin may have a positive effect on the development of collaterals and may provide a new agent for the treatment strategies to enhance coronary collateral vessel development. Copyright © 2011 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Evaluating the levels of CSF and serum factors in ALS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Jie; Yang, Xuan; Gao, Lina; Zang, Dawei

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to identify CSF and serum factors as biomarkers that may aid in distinguishing ALS patients from control subjects and predicting ALS progression as well as prognosis. Serum and CSF samples from 105 patients with ALS and 56 control subjects were analyzed for 13 factors using ELISA. The revised ALS functional rating scale (ALSFRS-r) was used to evaluate the overall functional status of ALS patients, and we also followed up with ALS patients either by phone or with clinic visits for five years after enrollment in this study. Finally, we examined the correlations between factor levels and various clinical parameters and evaluated the predictive value for prognosis through a multivariate statistic model. A total of eight factors were obviously elevated in CSF, and twelve markers were increased in serum. In the correlation analyses, there were trends toward higher bFGF, VEGF, MIP-1α levels in ALS with a longer disease duration and slower disease progression in both CSF and serum. Higher MCP-1 levels were associated with worse disease severity and faster progression, and the IFN-γ levels were positively associated with disease progression in either CSF or serum. Finally, a better prognosis was observed with higher levels bFGF in CSF and VEGF in CSF and serum; conversely, patients with higher levels of IFN-γ in the CSF had shorter overall survival. We demonstrated that a factor profile of ALS patients is distinct from control subjects and may be useful in clinical practice and therapeutic trials.

  18. Comparison of salivary and serum glucose levels in diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Shruti; Sandhu, Simarpreet Virk; Bansal, Himanta; Sharma, Deepti

    2015-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is a noncommunicable disease with a rising prevalence worldwide and in developing countries. The most commonly used diagnostic biofluid for detection of glucose levels is blood, but sample collection is an invasive and painful procedure. Thus, there arises a need for a noninvasive and painless technique to detect glucose levels. The objectives of the present study were to estimate the glucose levels of saliva, to assess if any significant correlation existed between the serum and salivary glucose levels, and to correlate salivary glucose levels with regard to duration of diabetes, age, and gender. In the present study, serum and salivary glucose levels of 200 subjects (100 diabetic subjects and 100 nondiabetic subjects) were estimated by glucose oxidase method. Glycosylated hemoglobin levels were also measured in randomly selected 40 diabetic subjects. The findings of present study revealed a significant correlation between salivary and serum glucose levels in both diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. No significant relationship was observed between salivary glucose levels and gender or age in both diabetics and nondiabetics and between salivary glucose levels and duration of diabetes in diabetics. On the basis of the findings, it was concluded that salivary glucose levels could serve as a potentially noninvasive adjunct to monitor glycemic control in diabetic patients. © 2014 Diabetes Technology Society.

  19. Serum thiamine level during the initiation term of hemodialysis

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    Shuji Ono

    2012-06-01

    Although water-soluble vitamins such as thiamine are lost during dialysis session, serum thiamine level tended to restore spontaneously during the hospitalization (25.47±10.07 vs. 27.44±11.37, pre HD value, p=0.09. A three months-follow up measurement after initiation of HD, which is now in progress (so far n=3, revealed increase of serum thiamine level in all patients (35.33±7.37 ng/ml. It may reflect the improvement of nutritional status after the initiation of HD, and suggests the loss of thiamine by HD procedure can be covered.

  20. RETINOPATHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND SERUM MAGNESIUM LEVELS

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    Daruka

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Experimental studies in animals and cross - sectional studies in humans have suggested that low serum magnesium levels might lead to type 2diabetes; however, this association has not been examined prospectively. METHODS: A total of randomly selected 100 diagnosed cases of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus admitted in Medicine wards, were taken for study considering the inclusion an d exclusion criteria. Diabetic retinopathy was assessed by direct fundoscopy. Serum magnesium was measured by calmagite dye method. RESULTS : Patients with diabetic retinopathy (n=30 were found to have lower mean serum magnesium level (1.6mg/dl than those without retinopathy (n=74, Mg= 2mg/dl. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05. This comparison was statistically significant (P value < 0.05 There was no significant association between low serum magnesium level with respect to age, sex , duration of diabetes. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION : In this study, it was observed that poor glycemic control among diabetics was significantly associated with low serum magnesium. There was strong association which was statistically significant between l ow serum magnesium and diabetic retinopathy. Hence it is observed that the low serum magnesium may have an adverse bearing on complications and morbidity in patients of diabetes. Because hypomagnesemia has been linked to various micro- and macrovascular co mplications, a better understanding of Mg metabolism and efforts to minimize hypomagnesemia in the routine management of diabetes are warranted. In view of above observations and results of earlier studies done, the treatment of the patients with diabetes would require a multidisciplinary approach whereby every potential complicating factor must be monitored closely and treated

  1. Diurnal variations of serum erythropoietin at sea level and altitude

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, T; Poulsen, T D; Fogh-Andersen, N

    1996-01-01

    and during 4 days at an altitude of 4350 m. Median sea level serum-EPO concentration was 6 (range 6-13) U.l-1. Serum-EPO concentration increased after 18 and 42 h at altitude, [58 (range 39-240) and 54 (range 36-340) U.l-1, respectively], and then decreased after 64 and 88 h at altitude [34 (range 18...... in 2, 3 diphosphoglycerate. After 64 h at altitude, six of the nine subjects had down-regulated their serum-EPO concentrations so that median values were three times above those at sea level. These six subjects had significant diurnal variations of serum-EPO concentration at sea level; the nadir...... occurred between 0800-1600 hours [6 (range 4-13) U.l-1], and peak concentrations occurred at 0400 hours [9 (range 8-14) U.l-1, P = 0.02]. After 64 h at altitude, the subjects had significant diurnal variations of serum-EPO concentration; the nadir occurred at 1600 hours [20 (range 16-26) U.l-1], and peak...

  2. Elevated Adiponectin Serum Levels in Women with Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

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    Éric Toussirot

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Adipose tissue produces a wide range of proteins that may influence the immune system. In this study, we assessed the serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, and ghrelin, in association with the measurements of body composition, in 15 female patients with various autoimmune diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, primary Sjögren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, mixed connective tissue disease, vasculitis, CREST syndrome, and polymyositis and in 15 healthy female controls. There were no statistically significant differences between the patients and controls with regard to serum leptin, serum ghrelin, global fat mass, adiposity, and fat mass in the android or gynoid regions, whereas serum adiponectin levels were higher in patients than controls (16.3±1.6 μg/mL versus 9.7±0.6 μg/mL; =.01. As adiponectin is known to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory properties, a high adiponectinemia in patients with systemic autoimmune disease may mitigate the inflammatory response. However, the precise consequences of these elevated serum adiponectin levels on the metabolic syndrome development and atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in this patient population still needs to be determined.

  3. Changes in serum desnutrin levels in patients with acne vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Betul; Ucak, Haydar; Cicek, Demet; Aydin, Suleyman; Erden, Ilker; Dertlioglu, Selma Bakar

    2014-01-01

    Androgens and insulin may contribute to increased sebum production in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. We investigated the association between serum desnutrin levels and acne vulgaris in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. 25 patients presenting with acne vulgaris and 25 control subjects participated in this study. Fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, LDL, VLDL, HDL, total cholesterol, insulin, C-peptide and thyroid function tests were measured. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to calculate insulin resistance. Desnutrin levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) according to the manufacturer's protocol. Patients with acne vulgaris had a mean serum desnutrin level of (8.83 ± 1.13 μIU/mL), which was statistically significantly lower in the control group (10:58 ± 3.43 μIU/mL). In patients with acne vulgaris the serum glucose levels, insulin levels and HOMA-IR values (87.92 ± 7:46 mg/dL, 11.33 ± 5.93 μIU/mL, 2.49 ± 1.40, respectively) were significantly higher than the control group (77.36 ± 9.83 mg/dL, 5.82 ± 2.68 μIU/mL, 1.11 ± 0.51, respectively) (p = 0.01, pacne vulgaris, as a result of increased levels of serum glucose and insulin, the function of desnutrin was suppressed, perhaps contributing to insulin resistance.

  4. Serum Cotinine Levels and Prehypertension in Never Smokers

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    Omayma Alshaarawy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Few studies have shown that self-reported secondhand smoke exposure in never smokers is associated with high blood pressure. However, there are no studies investigating the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure, measured objectively by serum cotinine levels, and high blood pressure in never smokers. Methods. We examined never smokers (n=2027 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2008. Our exposure of interest was the secondhand smoke exposure estimated by serum cotinine level and our outcome was prehypertension (n=734, defined as a systolic blood pressure of 120–139 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure of 80–89 mmHg. Results. We found that, in never smokers, serum cotinine levels were positively associated with prehypertension. Compared to those with cotinine levels in the lowest quartile (≤0.024 ng/mL, the multivariable odds ratio (95% confidence interval of prehypertension among those with cotinine levels in the highest quartile (≥0.224 ng/mL was 1.45(1.00, 2.11; P trend =0.0451. In subsequent subgroup analyses, the positive association was found to be stronger among men, non-Whites, and non-obese subjects. Conclusion. Higher secondhand smoke exposure measured objectively by serum cotinine levels was found to be associated with prehypertension in certain subgroups of a representative sample of the US population.

  5. Positive Association Between Vitamin D Serum Levels and Naevus Counts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribero, Simone; Glass, Dan; Mangino, Massimo; Aviv, Abraham; Spector, Tim; Bataille, Veronique

    2017-03-10

    Lower vitamin D serum levels are linked to increased melanoma risk and poorer survival. Naevus counts are associated with both melanoma risk and survival and to leucocyte telomere length. Vitamin D is also linked to telomere biology with higher levels of vitamin D in individuals with longer leucocyte telomere length despite adjusting for age. Using the TwinsUK data, we explored the association between naevus count, leucocyte telomere length and vitamin D serum levels. Increasing vitamin D levels were associated with increasing naevus count: serum levels were 73.3 nmol/l in individuals with less than 50 naevi compared to 78.8 nmol/l in individuals with more than 50 naevi (p?=?0.002). In the final regression model, using naevus count as a continuous variable, vitamin D remained associated with higher naevus counts despite adjustment for age, weight, height, season of sampling and twin relatedness (p?=?0.02). Further adjustment for leucocyte telomere length, decreased the magnitude of the association but it remained significant so leucocyte telomere length is not the sole driver of this association. Having large numbers of naevi is associated with higher vitamin D serum levels.

  6. Serum and sputum neurotrophin levels in chronic persistent cough.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhuri, R; McMahon, A D; McSharry, C P; Macleod, K J; Fraser, I; Livingston, E; Thomson, N C

    2005-07-01

    Neurotrophins (NTs) are a family of growth factors, including nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin3 (NT-3) that are involved in inflammation. Serum and induced sputum NT levels are increased in asthma and in cough because of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, respectively. Neurogenic inflammation is implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic cough in individuals with normal chest radiography, but the role of NTs in this condition is unknown. To assess if NT levels are elevated in the serum and airways in subjects with chronic persistent cough. Eighty-one subjects with chronic cough persistent for over 1 year; with normal chest radiography and spirometry were included. Thirty healthy subjects were controls. Serum NGF, BDNF and NT-3 were measured by enzyme immunoassay. In a subset, NGF was measured in induced sputum. Sputum cell counts and allergen-specific serum IgE were measured and all patients received specific sequential treatment trials to achieve a final diagnosis for the cough. There was no significant difference either in the levels of serum or sputum NTs in chronic cough subjects compared with controls or between the most common causes of cough: post-nasal drip syndrome, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, asthma and bronchiectasis. The median (inter-quartile range) for sputum NGF (pg/mL) was 516 (296-772) in healthy controls and 580 (312-880) in subjects with chronic cough (P=0.284). There was no correlation between NT levels and sputum cell counts. Sputum NGF levels correlated with duration of cough (r=0.34, P=0.002). NTs are not elevated in induced sputum or serum of subjects with chronic persistent cough. This implies that NTs do not have a central role in perpetuating airway inflammation in chronic persistent cough.

  7. Decrease of thymic hormone serum level in Cockayne syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensman, A; Dardenne, M; Bach, J F; Valleteau de Mouillac, J; Lasfargues, G

    1982-02-01

    Previous reports concerning children with Cockayne syndrome had described decreased T cell proliferative responses and renal anomalies which could be associated with immunologic disturbances. Herein, the thymic function was evaluated by measuring the serum level of thymic hormone. This serum level was found to be undetectable or decreased in seven cases of Cockayne syndrome. Active serum concentrations varied between 0 and 1/8, whereas normal children of the same age show activity in the range between 1/16 and 1/64. In contrast, T cell function, explored by phytohemagglutinin and Concavalin A responses, and mixed lymphocyte cultures was normal. Whether or not this premature sign of immunological aging is primary or secondary to other manifestations of the syndrome is still difficult to assess.

  8. Investigation of Serum Leptin Levels in Psoriatic Patients

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    Türkan Gönül

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Psoriasis is a chronic, T cell mediated hyperproliferative skin disease. Leptin is an adipokine that stimulates Th1 immune response while suppressing Th2 immune response. Because that leptin plays an important role in the T cell immunity, it is aimed to investigate the relation between psoriasis and leptin and whether leptin plays a role in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis in the present study. Mateiral and Method: Serum leptin, interleukin (IL-1b, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a and nitric oxide (NO levels were measured in 54 psoriatic patients and age, sex and body mass index matched 50 healthy control subjects. Results: The mean serum leptin concentration was not statistically different in psoriatic patients compared with the controls (p=0.568. Serum leptin levels were not correlated with PASI score, duration and clinical type of the disease as well as IL-1b, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a and NO levels. IL-8 and TNF-a levels were significantly higher in patients with psoriasis than healthy control subjects (p=0.002 and p=0,020 respectively. The mean serum IL-1b, IL-6 and NO levels were not statistically different in patients when compared with control subjects. Conclusion: These results showed that leptin may not play a significant role in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis and leptin could not be accepted as a marker to assess severity of the disease.

  9. Maternal Serum Meteorin Levels and the Risk of Preeclampsia.

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    María F Garcés

    Full Text Available Meteorin (METRN is a recently described neutrophic factor with angiogenic properties. This is a nested case-control study in a longitudinal cohort study that describes the serum profile of METRN during different periods of gestation in healthy and preeclamptic pregnant women. Moreover, we explore the possible application of METRN as a biomarker.Serum METRN was measured by ELISA in a longitudinal prospective cohort study in 37 healthy pregnant women, 16 mild preeclamptic women, and 20 healthy non-pregnant women during the menstrual cycle with the aim of assessing serum METRN levels and its correlations with other metabolic parameters. Immunostaining for METRN protein was performed in placenta. A multivariate logistic regression model was proposed and a classifier model was formulated for predicting preeclampsia in early and middle pregnancy. The performance in classification was evaluated using measures such as sensitivity, specificity, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve. In healthy pregnant women, serum METRN levels were significantly elevated in early pregnancy compared to middle and late pregnancy. METRN levels are significantly lower only in early pregnancy in preeclamptic women when compared to healthy pregnant women. Decision trees that did not include METRN levels in the first trimester had a reduced sensitivity of 56% in the detection of preeclamptic women, compared to a sensitivity of 69% when METRN was included.The joint measurements of circulating METRN levels in the first trimester and systolic blood pressure and weight in the second trimester significantly increase the probabilities of predicting preeclampsia.

  10. Added value of thyroglobulin measurement in the fine-needle aspiration washout to diagnose cervical metastatic lymphadenopathy from papillary thyroid cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Lan; Lee, Tae Hyun; Park, Dong Hee [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate added value and diagnostic threshold value of thyroglobulin measurement in the fine-needle aspiration washout for detecting cervical lymph node metastasis from papillary thyroid cancer on pre and postoperative patients. Total 219 cervical lymph nodes from 180 patients with papillary thyroid cancer were evaluated for fine needle aspiration cytology and thyroglobulin in fine needle aspiration (FNA-Tg), using immunometric chemiluminescent assay. Eighty-six patients were preoperative and remaining 94 patients were on follow up after total thyroidectomy. Final diagnoses were made on pathology of dissected lymph nodes or follow-up examination for at least 12 months. One hundred and twelve metastatic lymph nodes were finally confirmed in 94 patients out of total 180 patients. Sensitivity of FNA-Tg was 99.1, 98.21, 97.20%, respectively with threshold level at 1, 10, serum Tgng/mL, which were higher sensitivity of fine needle aspiration. Combined FNA and FNA-Tg with threshold at 1, 10, 100 ng/mL raised sensitivity and specificity to 100%, respectively. All 6 lymph nodes that were false negative on FNA were correctly diagnosed as metastasis on FNA-Tg with threshold of 1, 10, 100, and serum thyroglobulin. FNA-Tg with threshold level at 100 ng/mL combined FNA showed highest sensitivity (100%) and specificity (97.56%) on preoperative patient groups among the 1, 10, 100, serum Tg threshold value. But, FNA only showed adequately high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (96.96%) on postoperative patient groups. Using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve analysis, cut off value was 57.69 in total patient, 78.66 in preoperative patient, and 32.81 in postoperative patient. FNA-Tg combined with FNA showed excellent sensitivity and specificity. FNA-Tg showed very high sensitivity and specificity at threshold level 78.66 ng/mL in preoperative patients, but FNA-Tg had less benefit on the postoperative patient group, having high

  11. Elevated serum pesticide levels and risk for Alzheimer disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Jason R; Roy, Ananya; Shalat, Stuart L; von Stein, Richard T; Hossain, Muhammad M; Buckley, Brian; Gearing, Marla; Levey, Allan I; German, Dwight C

    2014-03-01

    The causes of late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD) are not yet understood but likely include a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Limited epidemiological studies suggest that occupational pesticide exposures are associated with AD. Previously, we reported that serum levels of dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), the metabolite of the pesticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), were elevated in a small number of patients with AD (n=20). To evaluate the association between serum levels of DDE and AD and whether the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype modifies the association. A case-control study consisting of existing samples from patients with AD and control participants from the Emory University Alzheimer's Disease Research Center and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School's Alzheimer's Disease Center. Serum levels of DDE were measured in 79 control and 86 AD cases. Serum DDE levels, AD diagnosis, severity of AD measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination score, and interaction with APOE4 status. Levels of DDE were 3.8-fold higher in the serum of those with AD (mean [SEM], 2.64 [0.35] ng/mg cholesterol) when compared with control participants (mean [SEM], 0.69 [0.1] ng/mg cholesterol; P risk for AD (95% CI, 2.54-5.82; P risk for AD and carriers of an APOE4 ε4 allele may be more susceptible to the effects of DDE. Both DDT and DDE increase amyloid precursor protein levels, providing mechanistic plausibility for the association of DDE exposure with AD. Identifying people who have elevated levels of DDE and carry an APOE ε4 allele may lead to early identification of some cases of AD.

  12. Umbilical Cord Serum Erythropoietin Levels and Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy

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    Soner Sazak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on levels of umbilical cord erythropoietin. Methods. Erythropoietin levels were measured in umbilical cord sera of 60 newborns who were delivered vaginally at term. There were 20 (33% smoking and 40 (67% nonsmoking mothers. Results. Mean cord serum erythropoietin levels were significantly lower in the nonsmokers (nonsmokers, 24 ± 9 IU/L; smokers, 61 ± 46 IU/L; P<.001. There was a significant positive correlation between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and cord serum erythropoietin levels (r, 0.58; P≤.05. Conclusions. Smoking during pregnancy is associated with increased levels of umbilical cord erythropoietin at birth. This may indicate a risk of fetal hypoxia and growth restriction. Education and encouragement of cessation of smoking during pregnancy are important to avoid associated fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality.

  13. Association between serum uric acid level and metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ju-Mi; Kim, Hyeon Chang; Cho, Hye Min; Oh, Sun Min; Choi, Dong Phil; Suh, Il

    2012-05-01

    Serum uric acid levels have been reported to be associated with a variety of cardiovascular conditions. However, the direct association between uric acid levels and metabolic syndrome remains controversial. Thus, we evaluated the association of serum uric acid levels and metabolic syndrome in a community-based cohort study in Korea. We performed cross-sectional analysis of baseline data of 889 males and 1491 females (aged 38 to 87) who participated in baseline examinations of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study: Kanghwa study. Blood samples were collected after at least an 8 hour fast. Uric acid quartiles were defined as follows: Metabolic syndrome was defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Criteria with adjusted waist circumference cutoffs (90 cm for males; 80 cm for females). The association between serum uric acid quartiles and metabolic syndrome was assessed using multivariate logistic regression. The odds ratio for having metabolic syndrome in the highest versus lowest quartiles of serum uric acid levels was 2.67 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60 to 4.46) in males and 2.14 (95% CI, 1.50 to 3.05) in females after adjusting for age, smoking, alcohol intake, body mass index, total cholesterol, HbA1c, albumin, γ-glutamyltransferase, blood urea nitrogen, and log C-reactive protein. The number of metabolic abnormalities also increased gradually with increasing serum uric acid levels (adjusted p for trend uric acid levels are positively associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome in Korean males and females.

  14. Fish intake and serum levels of organochlorines among Japanese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukino, H; Hanaoka, T; Sasaki, H; Motoyama, H; Hiroshima, M; Tanaka, T; Kabuto, M; Turner, W; Patterson, D G; Needham, L; Tsugane, S

    2006-04-15

    This study evaluates background serum levels of selected organochlorine compounds among Japanese women of reproductive age and investigates whether lifestyle factors, especially dietary factors, may be associated with these levels. A cross-sectional study was performed on 80 Japanese women, aged 26-43 years, who complained of infertility and were confirmed not to have endometriosis. The serum levels of total toxic equivalency (TEQ), 18 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), 4 coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (cPCBs), 36 ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and 13 chlorinated pesticides or their metabolites were measured and data were collected on the women's age, residence, occupation, body mass index (BMI), smoking and alcohol habit and 6 dietary intakes (fish, meats, rice, vegetables, fruits and dairy products). The serum median level of total TEQ was 25.1 pg TEQ/g lipid, that of PCDDs/PCDFs/cPCBs was 11.5 pmol/g lipid, that of PCBs was 0.46 nmol/g lipid, and that of total pesticides was 1.32 nmol/g lipid. The serum levels of total TEQ, PCDDs/PCDFs/cPCBs, PCBs and pesticides were positively associated with age (P for trend=0.003, 0.01, 0.005 and 0.01, respectively) and frequent fish consumption (P for trend=0.002, 0.003, 0.0003 and 0.006, respectively). Other lifestyle factors were not associated with serum organochlorine levels. The present study suggests that Japanese women who consume fish frequently in their reproductive period tend to accumulate organochlorines in their bodies.

  15. Serum levels of soluble Fas ligand in patients with silicosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomokuni, A; Otsuki, T; Isozaki, Y; Kita, S; Ueki, H; Kusaka, M; Kishimoto, T; Ueki, A

    1999-01-01

    Certain patients with silicosis have been reported to exhibit immunological abnormalities such as the appearance of antinuclear antibodies and the occurrence of autoimmune diseases. Fas ligand (FasL) is a type II membrane protein which induces apoptosis by binding to its membrane receptor, Fas. FasL is converted to a soluble form by a metalloproteinase-like enzyme. We have already found serum soluble Fas (sFas) levels in silicosis patients as well as in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to be significantly higher than those in healthy volunteers. To examine further the role of the Fas/FasL system in silica-induced immunological abnormalities, we investigated serum soluble FasL (sFasL) levels in silicosis patients with no clinical symptoms of autoimmune diseases, using ELISA for sFasL. Although the serum sFasL levels in patients with SLE were significantly higher than those in healthy volunteers and showed a slight positive correlation with serum sFas levels, those in silicosis patients exhibited no significant difference from those in healthy volunteers, and there was no correlation with serum sFas levels. However, sFasL levels were elevated in silicosis patients with slight dyspnoea or normal PCO2 among various clinical parameters of silicosis. It may be speculated that the immunological disturbances presented by the abnormalities of apoptosis-related molecules in silicosis patients do not occur with a similar degree of respiratory involvement. Further studies are required to clarify which kinds of factors are involved in silicosis patients who exhibit immunological abnormalities. PMID:10594565

  16. The effect of chronic periodontitis on serum levels of matrix ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-04-18

    Apr 18, 2011 ... pathogenesis of several other diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (Katrib et al., 2003; Yoshihara et al.,. 2000), which share several features with periodontitis, including the chronic nature of the inflammatory reaction and tissue destruction activity. In the present study, TIMP-1 serum levels were increa-.

  17. SERUM YKL-40 LEVELS IN CHRONIC HEART FAILURE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kazakova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis and development of chronic heart disease. The promising novel inflammatory biomarker YKL-40 is related to the degree of inflammation and pathological tissue remodeling. The aim of this study was to determine serum YKL-40 levels in patients with chronic heart failure and to evaluate the potential relationship with ultrasonography findings. Forty-three individuals were enrolled in the study – 24 patients (10 females and 14 males with chronic heart failure, aged 70±11 (mean ± standard deviation and 16 healthy people as age-matched controls (above 50 years. The serum YKL-40 levels were assessed by ELISA. Sonographic measurements such as two-dimensional, Power wave, Continuous Wave, Colour mode and M-Mode were performed using a diagnostic ultrasound system (PHILIPS Ultrasound, Washington, US with a L11-3 probe of 3-11 MHz. The six minute walk test was used to assess functional capability of patients. Our study revealed significantly higher serum YKL-40 levels in patients compared to the control group (P=0.010. No relation was found between the glycoprotein and the results from the ultrasonographic and functional examination. We suppose that increased serum YKL-40 levels in patients with chronic heart failure might reflect the inflammatory route in the development of the disease.

  18. Total Serum Calcium and Inorganic Phosphate levels in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is still a very common cause of morbidity and mortality around the globe and the disorder of calcium and inorganic phosphate metabolism has been poorly associated with the infection. This study was aimed at assessing the total serum calcium and inorganic phosphate levels in PTB patients in ...

  19. Serum Anticytokine Autoantibody Levels Are Not Increased in Hidradenitis Suppurativa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Theut Riis, Peter; Von Stemann, Jakob Hjorth; Kjærsgaard Andersen, Rune

    2017-01-01

    hypothetical element of this dysregulation may be the functionality of the cytokines. This study examines the serum level of anticytokine autoantibodies for interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-17E, IL-17F, and interferon-α. Method: Recombinant, carrier-free cytokines were coupled to microspheres...

  20. Comparative study of serum lipid levels in normotensive and pre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim : This study was performed to compare the serum lipid levels of pregnant normotensive and pre-eclamptic women. Methods: It was a case control study involving 50 normotensive and 50 preeclamptic women at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, making a total of 100 participants. Their venous blood (5mls) was ...

  1. The relation between serum visfatin levels and cardiovascular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abir Naguib

    2011-08-15

    Aug 15, 2011 ... The healthy control group had serum visfatin levels measured. Another group for risk stratification (RS) included 30 non-RA female patients who were referred for calcium scoring to exclude coronary artery disease and for lipid profile assessment. Abbreviations: RA, rheumatoid arthritis; BMI, body mass ...

  2. Serum obestatin and omentin levels in patients with diabetic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: The results of this study showed that higher serum levels of obestatin were associated with macro albuminuria suggesting that obestatin may have a role in underlying pathogenic mechanisms that leads to diabetic nephropathy. Key words: Diabetes mellitus type 2, diabetic nephropathy, obestatin, omentin ...

  3. Haematological profiles and serum lead levels in male fuel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The haematological profiles and serum lead levels of male fuel station attendants in Calabar metropolis were determined. The haematological parameters assessed included haemoglobin concentration (Hb), haematocrit (HCT), total white blood cell count (WBC), differential white cell counts and platelet count. Age range of ...

  4. Levels of serum immunoglobulins in apparently healthy children and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    olayemitoyin

    Hemorheology Research Unit, Department of Human Physiology and 1Department of Hematology, Immunology and Blood Transfusion, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences,. University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Summary: Serum levels of the immunoglobulins: IgG, IgA ...

  5. Serum ferritin levels in children with malaria anaemia in Ibadan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. J. T. Ekanem

    manifestation of acute severe malaria in southwestern Nigeria is anaemia. Pathogenic mechanisms such as haemolysis, impaired erythropoiesis6, and possibly iron sequestration and iron deficiency7 could contribute to the anaemia, and serum ferritin levels have been shown to increase with increasing malaria density8,9.

  6. Undetectable inhibin B serum levels in men after testicular irradiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, P M; Andersson, A M; Rørth, M

    1999-01-01

    A group of men treated with testicular irradiation for carcinoma in situ in the remaining testis after orchidectomy for unilateral testicular germ cell cancer was used as a model to study of the effect of selective eradication of germ cells on the levels of serum inhibin B in the human male. Thir...

  7. Serum cholesterol levels and the risk of Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M.L. de Lau (Lonneke); P.J. Koudstaal (Peter Jan); A. Hofman (Albert); M.M.B. Breteler (Monique)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractSeveral recent findings suggest a role of lipid and cholesterol metabolism in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Therefore, the authors examined the association between serum levels of cholesterol and the risk of Parkinson's disease in the prospective, population-based Rotterdam

  8. Serum Vitamin A Levels in Patients with Chalazion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malekahmadi, Mohammad; Farrahi, Fereydoun; Tajdini, Afshin

    2017-01-01

    Chalazion is a chronic, localized lipogranulomatous inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the lids. Chalazion occurs often secondary to blockage of the sebaceous gland ducts. Some studies have reported vitamin A deficiency as a risk factor for chalazion. In this study, we determined the serum levels of vitamin A in patients with chalazion. The study involved a total of 107 subjects (52 patients with chalazion and 55 control healthy subjects). The study was conducted at the Ophthalmology Clinics of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran between September 2014 and February 2015. The subjects were divided into three groups according to age: 7-12 years old, 13-19 years old, and more than 19 years old. Patients were further divided into four subgroups based on the type of chalazion: single, multiple, primary, and recurrent. Blood samples were collected and the serum was tested for levels of vitamin A using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The average serum vitamin A levels in patients with chalazion in the age groups of 7-12 and 13-19 years were significantly lower than in their control counterparts. Serum vitamin A levels in patients with recurrent, multiple chalazia were significantly lower than in patients with primary, multiple chalazia (P = 0.026) and patients with a recurrent, single chalazion (P = 0.029). In conclusion, chalazion could be one of the ocular presentations of vitamin A deficiency.

  9. Correlation between serum zinc level and height of adolescent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: This study aims to asses the nutritional status among adolescent school girls using their serum zinc levels and to correlate it with their height. Method: This is a cross-sectional study of adolescent girls attending public secondary schools in Oshimili local govt. area of Delta state in Midwestern Nigeria. Results: ...

  10. Evaluation of Serum Testosterone Levels as Immuno-Enhancer in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This thus showed that the observed increase in the serum free testosterone level in women with anti TPO antibody was significant and may vary with different physiological conditions in women. Keywords: Testosterone, Pregnancy, Secondary Infertility and Anti-microsomal antibodies. Nigerian Journal of Health and ...

  11. Serum Calcium Level is Associated with Lipids in Young Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cholesterol (VLDL‑c), total lipids and total calcium were assayed in 160 young women (110 OCP users and 50 controls) using colorimetric ... Emokpae and Uadia: Serum calcium correlates with lipid levels in women using low dose oral contraceptive pills ..... by increasing calcium absorption from diet in the intestine.

  12. Relationship Between Serum Uric Acid Levels and Intrarenal Hemodynamic Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideki Uedono

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Hyperuricemia has been reported to affect renal hemodynamics in rat models. We evaluate the relationship between serum uric acid and intrarenal hemodynamic parameters in humans, utilizing the plasma clearance of para-aminohippurate (CPAH and inulin (Cin. Methods: Renal and glomerular hemodynamics were assessed by simultaneous measurement of CPAH and Cin in 58 subjects. Of these, 19 subjects were planned to provide a kidney for transplantation; 26 had diabetes without proteinuria; and 13 had mild proteinuria. Renal and glomerular hemodynamics were calculated using Gomez`s formulae. Results: Cin was more than 60 ml/min/1.73m2 in all subjects. Serum uric acid levels correlated significantly with vascular resistance at the afferent arteriole (Ra (r = 0.354, p = 0.006 but not with that of the efferent arteriole (Re. Serum uric acid levels (β = 0.581, p = a after adjustment for several confounders (R2 = 0.518, p = Conclusions: These findings suggest, for the first time in humans, that higher serum uric acid levels are associated significantly with Ra in subjects with Cin > 60 ml/min/1.73m2. The increase in Ra in subjects with higher uric acid levels may be related to dysfunction of glomerular perfusion.

  13. Serum Vitamin D Levels in Children with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozkurt, Banu; Artac, Hasibe; Ozdemir, Hulya; Ünlü, Ali; Bozkurt, Mete Kaan; Irkec, Murat

    2016-10-24

    To evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D3] levels of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) children. A total of 62 non-atopic healthy children (64.5% male, mean age 10.79 ± 3.3 years) and 29 VKC children (75.9%, mean age 12.17 ± 2.7 years) were included in the study. Serum 25(OH)D3 levels measured by HPLC were compared between the two groups and a p value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The mean serum 25(OH)D3 level of VKC group was significantly lower than in the control group (11.02 ± 5.16 ng/mL and 15.99 ± 7.36 ng/mL, respectively) (p = 0.002). Severe vitamin D deficiency (<10 ng/mL) was detected in 48.3% of VKC children and 22.6% of the controls (p = 0.017). Time spent outdoors during daylight was higher in the control group (229.5 ± 101.2 min) compared with the VKC group (160.7 ± 65.9 min) (p = 0.008), and showed a significant correlation with serum 25(OH)D3 levels (Spearman rho = 0.812) (p<0.001). Children with VKC should be evaluated for vitamin D deficiency, which might occur secondary to sun avoidance.

  14. Elevated serum immunoglobulin G levels in patients with chronic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Hypergammaglobulinemia is frequently observed in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) of different causes. On the other hand, elevated levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) are the best diagnostic marker for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Thus, the ability to distinguish AIH patients from patients with ...

  15. Elevated serum immunoglobulin G levels in patients with chronic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-01-25

    Jan 25, 2010 ... Background: Hypergammaglobulinemia is frequently observed in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) of different causes. On the ... significantly higher serum IgG levels than the non-autoimmune hepatitis CLD patients and the .... the hospital with AIH type 1 based on the AIH diagnostic criteria and the ...

  16. Calcitonin serum levels in different pituitary diseases. A preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziliotto, D; Luisetto, G; Cecchini, M; Gastaldo, M; Francia, G; Padovan, L; Heynen, G

    1980-01-01

    The calcitonin (CT) concentration has been determined in the serum of 17 patients with different pituitary diseases. More or less elevated levels were found in 7 of them. No definite correlation has been observed between the immunoreactive CT and the different pituitary hormones.

  17. Assessment of Serum Levels of Magnesium and Manganese among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pregnant women in developing countries have been reported to consume diets with low density of minerals and essential trace elements. Therefore, this study aims to assess the serum levels of magnesium and manganese and its trimester correlates among pregnant women in Ika community of Delta state, Nigeria.

  18. Correlation between serum zinc level and height of adolescent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    owner

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... relationship between dietary zinc intakes and anthropometry could have a wider clinical application. Conclusion majority of the adolescent girls in Oshimili local Gov- ernment area of Delta State, Mid western Nigeria had low serum zinc level when compared to threshold value. There was however no ...

  19. Changes In Serum Electrolyte Levels In Typhoid Fever Patients ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica, serotype Typhi, which is mostly contracted through the ingestion of food or water contaminated by the faeces of an infected person. Serum sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate levels were determined in sixty ...

  20. Serum vitamin A levels among malnourished children aged 6 - 59 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affects an estimated 6 million pre-school children in Nigeria and 20 million in Africa. When associated with severe malnutrition, it significantly increases morbidity and mortality. Objectives: To determine serum vitamin A levels in children with Protein Energy Malnutrition and age and ...

  1. Seasonal disease activity and serum vitamin D levels in rheumatoid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Vitamin D is a steroid hormone that plays essential roles in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, bone formation and mineralization homeostasis, also has a role in the maintenance of immune-homeostasis. Objective: We aimed to investigate seasonal serum vitamin D levels and seasonal disease activity in ...

  2. lowered serum triglyceride levels among chronic hepatitis b-infected

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    dyslipidemia in chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma, the TG and cho- lesterol levels decreased while LDL– cholesterol fraction increased with HDL- fraction remaining fairly unchanged. Metastatic liver cancer however showed a lower serum. HDL–fraction compared to hepato-cellular car-.

  3. A study of serum magnesium, calcium and phosphorus level, and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study of serum magnesium, calcium and phosphorus level, and cognition in the elderly population of South India. ... Macronutrients have been involved in many metabolic activities of the body including oxidation and reduction reactions in the central nervous system. This involvement of macronutrients in the activities of ...

  4. The Effect of Trimethoprim on Serum Folate Levels in Humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kasper Meidahl; Eplov, Kasper; Nielsen, Torben Kjær

    2016-01-01

    Trimethoprim antagonize the actions of folate by inhibition of dihydrofolate reductase. This could diminish serum folate levels in humans and causes folate deficiency in some patients. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, to investigate the effect of trimethoprim...... allocations within sealed opaque envelopes. Participants and all staff were kept blinded to treatment allocations during the trial. Serum folate was measured at baseline and at end of trial. In the 58 participants analyzed (30 in the trimethoprim group and 28 in the placebo group), 8 had folate deficiency...

  5. Increased nerve growth factor serum levels in top athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonini, Matteo; Fioretti, Daniela; Sargentini, Vittorio; Del Giacco, Stefano; Rinaldi, Monica; Tranquilli, Carlo; Bonini, Sergio

    2013-05-01

    The nerve growth factor (NGF) is the main neurotrophin, which, besides being an important growth factor for nerves, plays an important role as a mediator of inflammation. Nerve growth factor has been shown to increase in relation to stress stimuli and in allergic diseases in humans as well as after physical exercise in animal models. This study aims at evaluating NGF serum levels in top athletes, a population sample in which allergic and neuro-immune diseases are reported with a significantly increased prevalence. Observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study. Institutional, tertiary care. Ninety-six Italian pre-Olympic athletes (44 allergic and 52 nonallergic) and 49 matched controls selected within the Italian National Olympic delegation (n = 435). Nerve growth factor serum levels determined through an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Parametric or nonparametric tests were used for comparing NGF serum levels among different study groups depending on value distributions. Nerve growth factor serum levels were significantly higher in athletes than in controls independently from the presence of allergy. Nerve growth factor mean values were 368.3 ± 776.3 pg/mL in the sample of athletes and 174.1 ± 483.7 pg/mL in the control group (P < 0.001). This is the first study showing that intense and prolonged physical exercise is associated with an increase of NGF serum levels in athletes. Whether the increased NGF production might be linked to the prevalent Th2 response observed in allergic diseases and after physical exercise and whether it might be related to the patophysiology of neuro-immune disorders as such amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, reported with a higher prevalence in athletes, should deserve further investigations.

  6. Serum alphafetoprotein levels in subjects infected with hepatitis B virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitau, M J; Grint, P C; Heath, R B; Chard, T

    1988-12-01

    Serum alphafetoprotein (AFP) levels were measured using a sensitive radioimmunoassay in 108 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive subjects and 695 controls. The concentrations were significantly higher in the HBsAg-positives. Within this group, the highest levels were found in those with active HBV infection. In those without evidence of acute infection, the levels were higher in the high-risk than in the low-risk subjects. It is concluded: 1) that measurement of serum AFP might be a useful additional index of infectivity and prognosis in HBsAg-positive subjects; and 2) that in the light of the association between chronic HBV infection, hepatocellular carcinoma, and raised AFP in non-European populations, consideration should be given to regular monitoring of AFP levels in HBsAg-positive subjects in the United Kingdom.

  7. Is there a role for unstimulated thyroglobulin velocity in predicting recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients with detectable thyroglobulin after radioiodine ablation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Hilda; Wong, Kai P; Yau, Thomas; Tang, Vikki; Leung, Roland; Chiu, Joanne; Lang, Brian Hung-Hin

    2012-10-01

    In the follow-up of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients treated with curative thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation, raised thyroglobulin (Tg) predicts recurrence with reasonable sensitivity and specificity. However, a proportion of patients present with raised Tg level but no other clinical evidence of disease. Only limited data on Tg kinetics have been reported to date. Here we aim to evaluate the prognostic and predictive significance of nonstimulated serum Tg velocity (TgV). Consecutive PTC patients treated with curative thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation between 2003 and 2010 were analyzed. Patients with at least one detectable Tg measurement (>0.2 ng/mL) were included. TgV was defined as the annualized rate of Tg change. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the role of TgV in the prediction of disease recurrence. The optimal TgV cutoff was assigned by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. Overall survival of patients above versus below the TgV cutoff were determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared. Of a total of 501 patients, 87 had at least one Tg value >0.2 ng/mL; in these latter patients, 29 (33.3%) developed recurrence. TgV was an independent predictor of the recurrence. TgV ≥0.3 ng/mL per year predicted recurrence with a sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 94.4%. Patients with TgV below the cutoff had a significantly better overall survival (p = 0.038). TgV predicts recurrence with high sensitivity and specificity, and is a prognosticator of survival in postthyroidectomy and postablation PTC patients with raised Tg.

  8. Serum vitamin D levels decrease in children with acute urticaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, B; Köksal, B T; Karakaş, N M; Ozbek, O Y

    Acute urticaria is an immune-inflammatory disease, characterised by acute immune activation. There has been increasing evidence showing that vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased incidence and severity of immune-inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum vitamin D levels in acute urticaria. We enrolled 30 children with acute urticaria and 30 control subjects. Concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], a biomarker of vitamin D status, were measured in serum of acute urticaria patients and compared with the control group. There were no significant differences in baseline variables (age, gender, weight) between the groups. Vitamin D deficiency (urticaria than in control patients. Serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the study group compared to those in the control group (13.1±4.3 vs 28.2±7.4ng/mL, purticaria and serum vitamin D levels (purticaria and an inverse relationship with disease duration. These findings may open up the possibility of the clinical use of vitamin D as a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of acute urticaria and a predictive marker for disease activity in acute urticaria. A potential role of vitamin D in pathogenesis and additive therapy in acute urticaria needs to be examined. Copyright © 2016 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Serum IL-9 levels depend on allergen exposure: preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciprandi, Giorgio; De Amici, Mara; Castellazzi, Anna Maria; Tosca, Maria Angela; Marseglia, Gianluigi

    2011-01-01

    Th9 is a new T cell subset characterized by interleukin 9 (IL-9) production. Serum IL-9 levels are related to symptom severity in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). This study aimed at investigating whether IL-9 may depend on allergen exposure. 35 AR patients (16 males, mean age 33.2 years) with monosensitization to Parietaria were studied when symptomatic; 38 AR patients (22 males, mean age 30.9 years) with monosensitization to birch were recruited at the same time, but were symptom free. Serum IL-9 was assayed in all patients. Patients with Parietaria allergy and exposed to allergen had higher serum IL-9 levels than patients with birch allergy and not exposed to allergen (p<0.05). This preliminary study shows that serum IL-9 levels may depend on allergen exposure: symptomatic patients with pollen-induced AR, evaluated during the pollen season, have higher values than patients studied outside the pollen season and without symptoms. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. SERUM LEVELS OF COPPER AND IRON IN DENGUE FEVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajendiran SOUNDRAVALLY

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY The role of trace elements in dengue virulence is not yet known. The present study assessed the serum levels of two micronutrients, copper and iron, in cases of dengue fever. The study involved 96 patients of whom 48 had either severe or non-severe forms of dengue (with and without warning signs, and the remaining 48 were patients with other febrile illnesses (OFI, used as controls. Serum levels of copper and iron were evaluated at admission and by the time of defervescence using commercially available kits. At admission, no difference in the level of serum copper was observed between cases and controls. In the group of dengue cases, the copper level was found to be significantly decreased in severe and non-severe cases with warning signs, compared to non-severe cases without warning signs. In contrast, by the time of defervescence the copper level was found to be increased in all dengue cases compared to OFI controls, but no difference was observed among dengue cases. Unlike OFI controls, dengue cases showed an increasing pattern of copper levels from admission until defervescence. On the other hand, no such significant differences were observed in the serum level of iron in the clinical groups, except for a decreased iron level found in severe cases, compared to non-severe dengue without warning signs. The results show that copper is associated with dengue severity and this finding emphasizes the need to investigate the involvement of trace elements in disease severity so as to improve the prognosis of dengue.

  11. Serum Gastrin Levels in Patients with Reflux Gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu.M. Stepanov

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of investigation of basal gastrin serum level and its relationships at chronic reflux gastritis. It has been established that gastrin level was increased in 100 % of patients. It was directly dependent on the biliary acid concentration in gastric acid, H.pylori-infection, stomach alkalization. Thus, duodenogastrical reflux causes hypergastrinemia that can result in chronic gastritis development.

  12. Serum Prohepcidin Levels in Children with Thalassemia Major and Intermedia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celil Yılmaz

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the role of hepcidin hormone levels in iron accumulation in patients with thalassemia major (TM and thalassemia intermedia (TI. Materials and Methods: Serum prohepcidin and ferritin levels were determined in 34 patient with TM, 10 patient with TI, who attended the Department of Pediatric Hematology Adnan Menderes University Medical Faculty and the Department of Pediatrics at Aydın Atatürk State Hospital between 1 September 2006 and 30 September 2007 and 40 control patients without infection/inflammation, hepatitis or liver failure. Serum prohepcidin levels were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit (DRG International, Inc. Marburg, Germany; ferritin was studied with chemiluminescence method (Immulite 2000 DPC. Results: Mean serum ferritin levels in TM, TI and control groups were 2347.97±1724.81 ng/mL (range: 144-8015 ng/mL, 1352.40±918.94 ng/mL (range: 311-3109 ng/mL, and 33.35±12.03 ng/mL (range: 20-69.1 ng/mL, respectively. Serum prohepcidin levels in the same groups were 221.78±74.38 ng/mL (range: 7l.14-446.57 ng/mL, 173.31±52.14 ng/mL (range: 100.83-267.69 ng/mL, and 218.20±50.37 ng/mL (range: 116.18-330.43 ng/mL, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in prohepcidin levels between patients with TI and control group only (p=0.016. No correlation was found between prohepcidin and ferritin levels in all groups (r=-0.023, p=0.839. Conclusion: Low levels of prohepcidin in patients with TI may be related to increased erythropoietic activity. Prohepcidin can be an indicator of active erythropoiesis.

  13. Fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin level in obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, R K; Nessa, A; Hossain, M A; Siddiqui, N I; Hussain, M A

    2014-04-01

    Obesity is a condition in which the body fat stores are increased to an extent which impairs health and leads to serious health consequences. The amount of body fat is difficult to measure directly, and is usually determined from an indirect measure - the body mass index (BMI). Increased BMI in obese persons is directly associated with an increase in metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. This Analytical cross sectional study was undertaken to assess the relation between obesity and glycemic control of body by measuring fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. This study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh from 1st July 2011 to 30th June 2012 on 120 equally divided male and female persons within the age range of 25 to 55 years. Age more than 55 years and less than 25 years and diagnosed case of Hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, polycystic ovary, Antipsychotic drug user and regular steroid users were excluded. Non probability purposive type of sampling technique was used for selecting the study subjects. Measurement of body mass index was done as per procedure. Fasting serum glucose was estimated by glucose oxidase method and Glycosylated hemoglobin by Boronate Affinity method. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS (version 17.0). Data were expressed as Mean±SE and statistical significance of difference among the groups were calculated by unpaired student's 't' test and Pearson's correlation coefficient tests were done as applicable. The Mean±SE of fasting serum glucose was significant at 1% level (P value Fasting serum glucose also showed a bit stronger positive correlation with BMI. Both obese male and female persons showed higher levels of fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. The observed positive correlation between BMI with fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin emphasizes the importance of maintenance of normal BMI to prevent early onset of type 2 diabetes

  14. Serum leptin levels in children with acute viral hepatitis A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caner, I; Selimoglu, M A; Yazgi, H; Ertekin, V

    2006-12-01

    In acute viral hepatitis A (AVH-A), involvement of the liver is through cytotoxic cells and cytokine levels are increased Immune response of the host determines the severity of the disease. Leptin stimulates cytokines, therefore, the authors hypothesized that the relationship between leptin and cellular immunity might cause different clinical presentations of the disease. Twenty-eight children with AVH-A and 10 healthy children formed the basis of the study. Serum leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) levels were determined There was significant positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and leptin levels both in patients and controls (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001 respectively). No significant difference in serum leptin, CRP or A1AT levels between patients and controls was detected (p > 0.05). Presence of icterus or fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) did not affect serum leptin level (p > 0.05). Mean A1AT level was significantly higher in children with FHF (p children with AVH-A. In the convalescence period, leptin increased parallel to BMI. It is suggested that expected increment in leptin due to inflammation might be balanced with the decrease due to loss of appetite during acute illness or it might be entirely due to loss of production.

  15. CORRELATION OF GALLSTONE FORMATION WITH SERUM IRON LEVELS

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    Rohini Bipin Bhadre

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Gallstones are one of the most common problem associated with the gallbladder, affecting millions of people throughout the world. Bile is excreted from liver and gallbladder into Duodenum for digestion. After digestion, if the gallbladder is not emptied out completely, the Bile Juice that remains in the gallbladder can become too concentrated with cholesterol leading to gallstone formation. Cholesterol and calcium bilirubinate are the two main substances involved in gallstone formation. Gallstones derived from bile consists of mixture of cholesterol, bilirubin with or without calcium. Based on their chemical composition, gallstones found in the gallbladder are classified as cholesterol, pigmented or mixed stones. Iron deficiency has been shown to alter the activity of several hepatic enzymes, leading to increased gallbladder bile cholesterol saturation and promotion of cholesterol crystal formation. AIMS & OBJECTIVE Attempt to establish a correlation with gallstones and decreased serum iron levels. MATERIAL & METHODS This study was a prospective cohort study which included 100 consecutive patients with imaging studies suggestive of Cholelithiasis. The Gallstone surgically removed was crushed with mortar and pestle and then analysed for cholesterol, calcium, phosphate and bilirubin (pigment. Serum samples were analysed for Cholesterol, iron and iron binding capacity. RESULTS 86% patients had increased cholesterol levels (p=0.04 and 93% had decreased serum Iron levels (p=0.96. The most common type of gallstone was found to be Cholesterol type of gallstone followed by Mixed and Pigment gallstones. CONCLUSION Serum cholesterol levels were found to be raised in majority of the patients and serum iron was found to be low in these majority of the patients indicating iron deficiency may play a role in gallstone formation.

  16. Effect of body mass index on serum leptin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Rubina Faisal; Hassan, Mukhtiar; Nazar, Hassan Shehzad; Gillani, Saima; Afzal, Naeema; Qayyum, Iftikhar

    2011-01-01

    Leptin is product of ob gene, an adipose tissue derived hormone that plays a key role in the regulation of body fat mass by regulating appetite and metabolism while balancing energy intake and energy expenditure. The objective of the study was to evaluate possible association between serum Leptin levels and Body Mass Index (BMI) of gender in adult age group. Two-hundred-seventy subjects aged 20-50 years were randomly selected from general population of Abbottabad. After complete evaluation, demographic data was recorded and BMI calculated. The subjects were grouped on the basis on BMI. Non-fasting venous blood samples were drawn to measure serum Leptin and serum glucose levels. The data were analysed using SPSS-15. Serum Leptin levels and differences between genders were significant in all body mass indices. For normal BMI group the mean values for leptin were 2.6 +/- 1.5 etag/ml in men, and 17.3 +/- 10.2 etag/ml in women. For Group-2 mean leptin levels were 9.9 +/- 6.8 etag/ml in men, and 34.8 +/- 13.6 etag/ml in women. For Group-3 BMI comprising obese subjects mean values were 21.3 +/- 14.2 etag/ml in men, and 48.21 +/- 21.2 etag/ml in women (p<0.001). A progressive increase in serum leptin concentration was observed with an increase in BMI. Significant difference between leptin concentrations in either gender was found in normal, overweight and obese subjects.

  17. Serum Leptin Levels in Asthma, COPD and Bronchiectasis

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    Ercan Kurtipek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the present study is to compare body mass indexes (BMI and serum leptin levels of most frequently observed three chronic airway diseases; namely, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD and bronchiectasis. Material and Method: The study included a total of 216 people, 78 asthma, 67 COPD, and 37 bronchiectasis patients who were in stable period and 34 healthy individuals all aged above 18. Control group consisted of non-smokers and non-corticosteroid users. Of all the participants, the blood samples were taken in order to determine serum leptin levels and BMI were calculated, and pulmonary function tests measured at rest. Results: The BMI levels of all the groups was above >25 kg/m2. There were no statistical differences between the control and patient groups with regard to BMI (p>0.05. Comparing patient groups, the BMI of asthma patients was higher than those with COPD and bronchiectasis (29.84±6.46, 25.78±4.96, 27.64±5.19, p=0.0001, p=0.20. FEV1 results of COPD patients were lower than those with asthma and bronchiectasis (63.25±19.26, 76.73±20.35, 72.75±20.17 and p=0.0001, p=0.06. Serum leptin levels of asthma patients were higher than the COPD, bronchiectasis patients, as well as that of the control group (12.36±11.16 ng/ml, 3.35±4.71 ng/ml, 8.49±7.85 ng/ml and 5.21±6.83 ng/ml, p=0.0001, p=0.09 and p=0.0001, respectively. Serum leptin level of COPD patients was lower than control group, but it was not statistically significant (p=0.71. Serum leptin levels of the patients with bronchiectasis were higher than healthy control group members; yet , not statistical significant (p=0.34. However serum leptin levels of the patients with bronchiectasis were higher than the patient COPD groups and this was statisticaly significant (p=0.01. Istatistically significant different emerge on comparing serum leptin levels and BMI of the asthma, COPD and bronchiectasis patients in the Lineear regression analysis made (beta

  18. Biological variation of thyroid autoantibodies and thyroglobulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Esther; Petersen, Per Hyltoft; Blaabjerg, Ole

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It has been shown that the level of serum thyroid antibodies affects serum thyrotropin (TSH) concentrations in men and women, and that these autoantibodies in combination with serum TSH are predictive of future thyroid disease. As the biological variation of these autoantibodies.......5-258 kIU/L), the CV biological was 11.3%, while the CV analytical was 10.6%. For TgAb (5.6 to 148 kIU/L) CV biological was 8.5% and CV analytical was 9.0%. The woman with TRAb had a CV biological of 4.8%, while the analytical variation in duplicates was 3.9% at a level of 2.8 IU/L. CONCLUSIONS......: It is possible to measure TPOAb and TgAb in all samples with the AutoDELFIA. There is no systematic variation in autoantibodies during the menstrual cycle. The biological coefficient of variation for TPOAb and TgAb was 11.3% and 8.5%, respectively...

  19. Serum sex hormone levels and their relationship with autologous serum skin test in chronic urticaria patients

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    Yeşim Yayla Güngör

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Although the etiology of chronic urticaria is not clear, autoimmune and inflammatory activities are suspected. We aimed to determine the relationship of serum sex hormone levels with disease severity and autologous serum skin test (ASST positivity in chronic urticaria patients on the basis of the fact that sex hormones have a regulatory role on the functions of inflammatory cells. Materials and Methods: Fifty female chronic urticaria patients and 25 age-matched healthy females were included. In the patient group, severity of illness was determined and ASST was performed. Serum prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH, estradiol, progesterone and total testosterone levels in both groups were recorded. Results: There was no significant difference in the severity of illness between ASST (- and ASST (+ patients. DHEA-S levels in ASST (- and ASST (+ groups were compared, and significantly lower levels were detected in the patient group. There was no significant correlation between ASST positivity and DHEA-S levels. There was no significant difference in other hormone levels between control and patient groups. It was also found that there was no significant difference in LH/FSH levels between patient and control groups. Conclusion: In chronic urticaria patients, DHEA-S and total androgens, progesterone levels which have anti-inflammatory effects are expected to be lower, and estrogen and prolactin levels which have proinflamatory effects are expected to be higher. The reason that there was no significant difference between patient and control groups in levels other than DHEA-S may be due to the fact that these hormone levels are not directly related with autoreactivity and/or chronic urticaria.

  20. Decreased serum homocysteine levels after micronutrient supplementation in older people

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    Pusparini Pusparini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Aging is associated with a gradual impairment in cognitive function. The elderly also show a high prevalence of undernutrition, whereas nutrition plays an important role in the metabolism of neuronal cells and enzymes. Homocysteine is an amino acid resulting from methionine metabolism and is dependent on intake of vitamin B12, vitamin B6 and folic acid. Homocysteine is said to play a role in cognitive function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of micronutrient supplementation for 6 months on serum homocysteine levels and cognitive function in older people. This study was an experimental study of pre-post test design, carried out in Mampang subdistrict, South Jakarta. A total of 94 elderly people was recruited for this study, consisting of 44 females and 50 males. Serum homocysteine level was assessed by fluorescent polarization immunoassay and cognitive function by means of the mini mental state examination (MMSE before and after micronutrient supplementation. Mean serum homocysteine concentration after supplementation decreased significantly to 14.8 ± 5.8 mmol/L, compared with mean serum homocysteine level of 15.9 ± 5.9 mmol/L before supplementation (p=0.000. Multiple regression analysis indicated that the factors influencing post-supplementation MMSE scores were gender (â=-0.350; p=0.000, education (â=0.510; p=0.000 and post-supplementation homocysteine levels (â=-0.201; p=0.000, while age, pre-supplementation homocysteine levels and BMI did not affect MMSE scores. Homocysteine concentration decreased significantly after 6 months of supplementation. The factors affecting post-supplementation MMSE scores were gender, level of education, and post-supplementation homocysteine level.

  1. Decreased serum homocysteine levels after micronutrient supplementation in older people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pusparini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Aging is associated with a gradual impairment in cognitive function. The elderly also show a high prevalence of undernutrition, whereas nutrition plays an important role in the metabolism of neuronal cells and enzymes. Homocysteine is an amino acid resulting from methionine metabolism and is dependent on intake of vitamin B12, vitamin B6 and folic acid. Homocysteine is said to play a role in cognitive function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of micronutrient supplementation for 6 months on serum homocysteine levels and cognitive function in older people. This study was an experimental study of pre-post test design, carried out in Mampang subdistrict, South Jakarta. A total of 94 elderly people was recruited for this study, consisting of 44 females and 50 males. Serum homocysteine level was assessed by fluorescent polarization immunoassay and cognitive function by means of the mini mental state examination (MMSE before and after micronutrient supplementation. Mean serum homocysteine concentration after supplementation decreased significantly to 14.8 ± 5.8 mmol/L, compared with mean serum homocysteine level of 15.9 ± 5.9 mmol/L before supplementation (p=0.000. Multiple regression analysis indicated that the factors influencing post-supplementation MMSE scores were gender (â=-0.350; p=0.000, education (â=0.510; p=0.000 and post-supplementation homocysteine levels (â=-0.201; p=0.000, while age, pre-supplementation homocysteine levels and BMI did not affect MMSE scores. Homocysteine concentration decreased significantly after 6 months of supplementation. The factors affecting post-supplementation MMSE scores were gender, level of education, and post-supplementation homocysteine level.

  2. Association of Serum Vitamin D Levels with Level of Control of Childhood Asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavitha, T K; Gupta, Nandita; Kabra, Sushil K; Lodha, Rakesh

    2017-01-15

    To study the association between serum vitamin D levels and levels of asthma control in children aged 5-15 years. Children with physician-diagnosed asthma who were under follow-up for at least 6 months were enrolled. Participants were categorized into three asthma control groups as per standard guidelines, and their serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels and pulmonary function tests were compared. Out of 105 children with asthma enrolled in the study, 50 (47.6%) were controlled, 32 (30.5%) were partly controlled and 23 (21.9%) were uncontrolled. Median (IQR) serum vitamin D levels in these three groups were 9.0 (6.75, 15) ng/mL, 10 (6.25, 14.75) ng/mL and 8 (5, 10) ng/mL (P=0.24), respectively. We did not observe any association of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels with the level of control of childhood asthma.

  3. Serum Unbound Levels of Cloxacillin and Erythromycin in Cystic Fibrosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valman, H. B.; Evans, K. E.

    1970-01-01

    Cloxacillin and erythromycin were absorbed normally by children with cystic fibrosis. In individuals from whom staphylococci were isolated during continuous antibiotic therapy, the serum unbound level, the biologically active fraction, did not reach the level required to inhibit the growth of the patient's staphylococci in vitro. This suggests that if staphylococci are isolated from the respiratory tract of a child during long-term chemotherapy, increasing the dose may eliminate the pathogen. The minimum doses of cloxacillin to produce adequate serum unbound levels appear to be 250 mg. for children below 20 kg. and 500 mg. above this weight. The effective dosage for erythromycin is less predictable, but a similar regimen is probably adequate. PMID:5477683

  4. The role of serum vitamin D levels in vitiligo

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    Ebru Karagün

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Vitiligo is a common acquired pigmentary skin disorder. Vitamin D is responsible for skin pigmentation, increases tyrosinase activity and melanogenesis, and exhibits immunoregulatory functions. Low levels of vitamin D are associated with many autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and alopecia areata. Few reports have evaluated serum vitamin D levels in vitiligo patients, and their results are conflicting. Aim : To evaluate serum vitamin D levels of vitiligo patients and compare the results with controls. Material and methods : In total, 50 vitiligo patients and 47 controls were enrolled in the study. Vitamin D levels were measured from blood samples. Group comparisons were performed using appropriate statistical methods. Results : The patients had lower serum vitamin D levels than the controls, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.570. Conclusions : It remains unknown whether vitamin D deficiency causes vitiligo. Larger controlled studies are required to prove whether low circulating vitamin D is a causative factor in vitiligo.

  5. Quinidine enhances digitalis toxicity at therapeutic serum digoxin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mordel, A; Halkin, H; Zulty, L; Almog, S; Ezra, D

    1993-04-01

    To determine the effect of the digoxin-quinidine interaction on rate of in-hospital digitalis toxicity. This was a prospective observational study over 9 months, set in two general medical wards. We studied consecutive patients (n = 141) who were receiving digoxin. Measurements included digitalis toxicity, defined by ECG criteria and resolution after stopping digoxin; all additional medications (including antiarrhythmics) continued. The observer was "blinded" to serum digoxin level and to concomitant drugs. Digitalis toxicity rates were as follows: digoxin alone, 4.9% (5 of 101 patients); with amiodarone or verapamil, 5.0% (1 of 20 patients); with quinidine, 50% (10 of 20 patients) (p 2.0 ng/ml: 4 of 8 patients and 7 of 11 patients, respectively. Independent relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of digitalis toxicity were as follows: serum digoxin, 9.1 (95% CI, 2.9 to 13.0); concurrent quinidine, 24.3 (95% CI, 3.4 to 124). There was a significant (p < 0.01) interaction between concurrent quinidine, serum digoxin of 1.0 to 2.0 ng/ml, and digitalis toxicity. The digoxin-quinidine interaction significantly increases digitalis toxicity, even in the therapeutic range of serum digoxin levels.

  6. STUDY OF BCG SCAR AND SERUM ADA LEVELS IN INFANTS

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    Harishchandra Venkata Yanamandala

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND In developing countries, in both adults and children, tuberculosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. In 1993, it is declared as the first infectious disease by global health emergency.1 According to WHO report globally, there were an estimated 9.27 million ancient cases of TB in 2009. The cases reported were 8.3 million, the children covered an estimated percentage of 11 and it ranged from 3-25 percent.2 BCG vaccination was advocated for prevention of tuberculosis in children. The aim of the study is to estimate serum ADA levels in newborns before BCG vaccination, serum ADA levels in children with and without BCG scar, after receiving BCG vaccination, serum ADA levels in children without BCG vaccination and to find significance of serum ADA levels in BCG vaccinated children by comparing the above groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted at the Department of Paediatrics, Gitam Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, October 2015 to September 2016. Babies who were in postnatal ward and infants of age of 12 weeks attending for BCG vaccination were included in the study. The total numbers of infants studied were 150. RESULTS In our study, out of 120 children included in the study before BCG vaccination comprising group-1, 61% were males and 39% were females. Out of 120 children received BCG vaccination, only 100 came for follow up comprising group-2, of which 67 (67% were males and 33 (33% were females. 15 children who did not receive BCG vaccination at 12 weeks of age were included in group 3 out of which 11 (73.33% were males and 4 (26.67% were females. Mean ADA levels at the age of 12 weeks in group-2 who were vaccinated at birth were 30.89 ± 5.27 U/L compared to mean ADA levels at the age of 12 weeks in group-3, which was 15.47 ± 1.85 U/L. This shows significant rise in mean ADA levels at 12 weeks of age in those who were vaccinated at birth comprising group-2 compared to their mean ADA

  7. Gestational age-specific reference intervals for serum thyroid hormone levels in a multi-ethnic population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Clement K M; Tan, Edward T H; Ng, Mor Jack; Yeo, George S H; Chern, Bernard; Tee, Nancy W S; Kwek, Kenneth Y C; Tan, Kok Hian

    2017-10-26

    Thyroid disorders are common during pregnancy. To date, a limited number of studies have reported differences in serum thyroid hormone concentrations between different ethnic groups. We sought to establish gestational age-specific reference intervals for serum levels of thyroid hormones in a multi-ethnic population and investigate whether separate reference intervals should be used for different ethnic groups. A total of 926 pregnant women from multiple ethnic groups attended four separate study visits spanning the three trimesters. Venous blood samples were taken at 9 to 14 weeks, 18 to 22 weeks, 28 to 32 weeks, and 34 to 39 weeks of gestation. Serum concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine (T3), total T4, total T3, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody were measured using Abbott Architect immunoassays. A total of 562 women with singleton pregnancies were found to be negative for both thyroid autoantibodies at all four study visits and thus included in the reference sample group for the establishment of reference intervals (2.5th to 97.5th percentiles). Reference intervals for serum thyroid hormones at 9-14 weeks of gestation derived from the combined group of pregnant women are as follows: TSH, 0.01-2.39 mIU/L; free T4, 11.4-19.5 pmol/L; free T3, 4.23-6.69 pmol/L; total T4, 77.8-182.4 nmol/L; total T3, 1.39-2.97 nmol/L. No differences in the five thyroid parameters' reference intervals are detectable among the ethnic groups except that at study visit 3 (28-32 weeks of gestation), the upper reference limit of total T3 in Malays (3.20 nmol/L; 90% CI, 2.99-3.76 nmol/L) is slightly higher than that in Chinese (2.86 nmol/L; 90% CI, 2.70-2.98 nmol/L). The findings from this study on a multi-ethnic cohort highlight the importance of establishing locally derived and gestational age-specific reference intervals for the five thyroid hormone parameters.

  8. Serum iron levels in schizophrenic patients with or without akathisia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuloglu, Murat; Atmaca, Murad; Ustündag, Bilal; Canatan, Halit; Gecici, Omer; Tezcan, Ertan

    2003-03-01

    The pathophysiology of akathisia still remains controversial. Iron deficiency was proposed to be an important factor in the development of akathisia. In the present study, it was aimed to compare levels of serum iron and linked variables in chronic akathisic (n=30), and non-akathisic patients (n=30) with schizophrenia and healthy controls (n=30) because of the controversy in the association of iron and akathisia. The Barnes Akathisia Scale for akathisia and Simpson-Angus Rating Scale for extrapyramidal side effects were used. Serum iron and linked variables and hematological profile of the patients and control subjects were determined. Serum iron levels were significantly lower both in akathisic and non-akathisic groups compared to the control group (Piron levels than non-akathisic patients (Piron binding capacity was significantly higher in patients with akathisia compared to the control group (Piron binding capacity, it was not statistically significant compared to the control group (P>0.05). Ferritin levels were determined to be significantly lower in both groups compared to the control group (Piron metabolism exists.

  9. Correlation between serum testosterone levels and peripartal mood states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohlagschwandtner, M; Husslein, P; Klier, C; Ulm, B

    2001-04-01

    We conducted a prospective study at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Vienna to investigate associations between serum testosterone levels and maternal peripartal mood states. Two hundred and fifty-two pregnant women at term (38 to 40 weeks' gestation) took part in the study. Blood samples for plasma testosterone levels and other biochemicals were obtained prepartum, and on the 1st and 3rd day postpartum. Mood was assessed with the McNair Profile of Mood States (POMS) at term pregnancy and daily from the first day after delivery until discharge from the hospital. The final study population consisted of 193 women. Serum testosterone levels correlated significantly with maternal depression scores, both pre- and post partum (at term r=0.148, p=0.04; 1st day postpartum r=0.156, p=0.03; and 2nd day postpartum r=0.186, p=0.02, respectively). Testosterone concentrations also correlated with anger prepartum (r=0.164, p=0.02) and on the third day after delivery (r=0.188, p=0.02). No significant correlation between testosterone concentration and fatigue and vigor both pre- and post partum, respectively were found. Serum testosterone levels correlate with depression and anger in the first postpartum days.

  10. Decreased serum retinol levels in women with cervical dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, H.; Nagata, C.; Komatsu, S.; Morita, N.; Higashiiwai, H.; Sugahara, N.; Hisamichi, S.

    1996-01-01

    To examine the relationship of dietary and serum vitamin A to the risk of cervical dysplasia, a case-control study was conducted in Miyagi, Japan. Cases were 137 women who were found by Papanicolaou test screening and histological examination provided by Miyagi Cancer Society between October 1987 and September 1988 to have cervical dysplasia. Controls were selected from participants of the general health examination provided by the Society and individually matched to cases on age and screening date. The consumption of retinol or carotene-rich foods during the past 7 days was assessed at interview. Information was also collected about other risk factors of cervical dysplasia, such as reproductive histories and sexual behaviour. The mean serum retinol levels were significantly lower among cases compared with controls, although dietary intake levels of retinol and carotene were not different between the two groups. When examined by tertile, the risk of cervical dysplasia was significantly higher among women in the highest tertile of dietary vitamin A level. An inverse association was observed between serum retinol level and risk of cervical dysplasia, although it did not achieve statistical significance. PMID:8664137

  11. Serum cytokine levels in Kleine-Levin syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornum, Birgitte Rahbek; Rico, Thomas; Lin, Ling

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS) is a rare sleep disorder causing recurrent symptomatic episodes of severe hypersomnia, cognitive impairment, apathy, and derealization. These episodes are interspersed with long periods of normal sleep, cognition, and behavior. The pathogenesis of KLS is still...... in USA, France, and Taiwan in a clinical setting. Processing of the samples was performed at the Stanford Center for Sleep Sciences and Medicine. RESULTS: We did not observe any changes in serum cytokine levels during KLS episodes compared to between episodes. In a small cohort of asymptomatic KLS...... patients and age- and gender matched healthy controls (n = 8/group) whose blood samples were all collected and processed at the same day; asymptomatic KLS patients had significantly higher levels of serum sVCAM1 cytokine compared to healthy controls. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that KLS episodes...

  12. Effect of enteral tube feeding on serum phenytoin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozuna, J; Friel, P

    1984-12-01

    The primary purpose of the present study was to determine if altering the timing of phenytoin administration in relation to delivery of tube feedings increased serum phenytoin levels. Stopping tube feedings for two hours before and two hours after administration is a procedure that nurses could employ independently for better patient care. However, this adds an extra procedure to the nurse's already busy routine. It also requires the nurse to adjust either the tube feeding flow rate or bolus amount in order to deliver the same amount of calories per day. Based on this study, it appears that this intervention procedure is not effective for the patient and is time-consuming for the nurse. Instead, the focus for increasing phenytoin serum levels in patients receiving tube feedings should probably be on increasing the dosage.

  13. Serum procalcitonin levels in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozmen, Mustafa; Oktay, Esin; Tarhan, Emine F; Aslan, Ozgur; Oflazoglu, Utku; Koseoglu, Mehmet H

    2016-05-01

    Procalcitonin is a marker of bacterial and fungal infection and sepsis. The present study evaluated the relationship between serum procalcitonin levels and disease activity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A total of 61 patients who met the 1984 New York criteria for AS were studied. Twenty-four age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were recruited to this study as a control group. Disease activity was assessed by the Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). The functional status of patients was evaluated by the Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI). Spinal mobility was measured by the Bath AS Metrology Index (BASMI). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum procalcitonin levels were measured. Thirty patients were on anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment and 31 patients were on conventional treatment. Seventeen (28%) of the AS patients were active (BASDAI > 4) and 44 (72%) of the AS patients were in remission. The median ESR was 14 (34-6) mm/h and 4 (7-2) mm/h (P < 0.001) for the patient and control groups, respectively. The median CRP level was 0.91 (2.72-0.37) mg/dL and 0.15 (0.25-0.07) mg/dL in the patient and control groups, respectively (P < 0.001). Median BASDAI, BASFI and BASMI scores for all AS patients were 3.6 (5.25-2.29), 2.5 (4.22-0.91) and 3 (5-1), respectively. Serum procalcitonin levels were normal (< 0.05 ng/mL) for all patients and controls. Serum procalcitonin levels were not high in AS patients and controls, and the levels were independent of disease activity and medications. If bacterial or fungal infection is suspected in an AS patient, serum procalcitonin level may be useful for diagnosis. © 2014 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  14. INFLUENCE OF HIGH CORTISOL DOSES UPON THE SERUM IMMUNOGLOBULIN LEVEL

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    Voja Pavlovic

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of Cortisol upon the serum immunoglobulin concentration areexamined. The experiment involved male guinea pigs of the body weight from 300 to400 g that were nonnally fed and lived under the common laboratory conditions. Theguinea pigs were divided into an experimental and a control group. The experimentalgroup's guinea pigs were given every day (in a 6 days' period a subcutaneous dose of80 g of corti sol/kg/per day, while the control group ones were given only one ml ofthe physiological solution. Two weeks after the last received dose of Cortisol orphysiological solution the cordial puncture was applied to take a blood sample inwhich the level of the serum IgA, IgG and IgM was determined. In the experimentalgroup animals the serum IgG value was 11,2 mg/ml at the beginning and 8,7 mg/ml at the end of the experiment (reduction for 22,1%, while the TgA concentration at theend of the experiment was reduced for 5,8%, while the IgM concentration for 12,9%.The serum immunoglobulin concentration in the control group guinea pigs does notreveal any significant differences at the beginning and the end of the experiment.

  15. Elevated serum angiotensin converting enzyme levels in metastatic ovarian dysgerminoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cotter, T P

    2012-02-03

    A case of a 32-year-old XY genotype female is described, presenting with mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathy and associated with an elevated serum angiotensin I converting enzyme (SACE) level. Lymph node histology showed a malignant dysgerminoma of ovarian origin. Combined chemotherapy led to a radiological regression of the lymphadenopathy and coincided with a decrease in SACE concentration. The authors suggest that SACE may be a marker for disseminated germinoma tumours and may be useful for monitoring treatment.

  16. MMP-1 serum levels predict coronary atherosclerosis in humans

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    Reiser Maximilian

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Myocardial infarction results as a consequence of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, with plaque stability largely depending on the lesion forming extracellular matrix components. Lipid enriched non-calcified lesions are considered more instable and rupture prone than calcified lesions. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs are extracellular matrix degrading enzymes with plaque destabilisating characteristics which have been implicated in atherogenesis. We therefore hypothesised MMP-1 and MMP-9 serum levels to be associated with non-calcified lesions as determined by CT-angiography in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods 260 patients with typical or atypical chest pain underwent dual-source multi-slice CT-angiography (0.6-mm collimation, 330-ms gantry rotation time to exclude coronary artery stenosis. Atherosclerotic plaques were classified as calcified, mixed or non-calcified. Results In multivariable regession analysis, MMP-1 serum levels were associated with total plaque burden (OR: 1.37 (CI: 1.02-1.85; p Conclusion MMP-1 serum levels are associated with total plaque burden but do not allow a specification of plaque morphology.

  17. Serum Levels of Copeptin are Decreased in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, T; Platz, M; Kralisch, S; Lossner, U; Jessnitzer, B; Richter, J; Blüher, M; Stumvoll, M; Fasshauer, M

    2016-04-01

    Copeptin, the c-terminal part of pro-Arginine vasopressin, has recently been introduced as a novel risk factor to develop facets of the metabolic syndrome. However, regulation of copeptin in pregnancy-associated metabolic disease, i. e., gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), has not been fully understood, so far. For this study, 74 GDM patients and 74 healthy, pregnant, age-, body mass index-, and gestational age-matched controls were recruited. Serum levels of copeptin were quantified by an illuminometric assay. Furthermore, copeptin concentrations were correlated to biochemical and anthropometric markers of obesity, glucose and lipid metabolism, renal function, and inflammation. Median [interquartile range] serum copeptin levels were significantly lower in subjects with GDM (3.5 [2.0] pmol/l) as compared to controls (4.4 [3.2] pmol/l) (pcopeptin in multivariate regression analysis (pcopeptin was independently associated with gestational age at blood sampling (pCopeptin serum levels are significantly lower in GDM as compared to healthy pregnant controls. Further studies are needed to better clarify the pathophysiological role of copeptin in GDM. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18. Evaluation of serum level of Osteocalcin hormone in male infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Kamshoushi, A A M; Hassan, E M; Hassaan, P S

    2017-11-01

    The suggested concept of "bone as an endocrine organ" had shed the light on the role of osteocalcin, an osteoblast secreted hormone, in regulation of testosterone production. This study aimed to assess the association between the active undercarboxylated form of osteocalcin (ucOC) and semen parameters and hormonal levels in infertile male patients. The study was carried on 34 infertile male patients and 20 fertile healthy control males. Semen analysis and serum level of testosterone, LH and FSH were performed in addition to serum level of ucOC in cases and controls. The results revealed significant differences between cases and controls in all measured semen and hormonal parameters. In addition, significant higher level of ucOC in cases than control group (p = .019). On the other hand, ucOC was not related significantly to any of the measured hormones or semen parameters. There was no significant correlation between ucOC and sperm concentration, total motility, morphology (p = .594, .640, .940 respectively) and similarly between ucOC and testosterone level or LH level (p = .275, .954 respectively). The significant higher level of ucOC in infertile cases cannot be used as a predictor of male reproductive parameters. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  19. Serum cotinine levels and diabetes mellitus in never smokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshaarawy, Omayma; Elbaz, Hosam A

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to examine the association of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure evident by serum cotinine level, and diabetes mellitus in never smokers. Previous studies suggest that active tobacco cigarette smoking is associated with diabetes mellitus risk. However it is not clear if the low-level "background" ETS exposure is associated with diabetes among never smokers. We present evidence from five independent replications based on the US nationally representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) conducted 2003-12. Our exposure of interest is ETS exposure among never smokers, measured by serum cotinine levels (ng/mL), and our main outcome is diabetes mellitus assessed via self-reported physician-diagnosis, current use of insulin and/or oral hypoglycemic medications, plasma fasting glucose levels ≥126mg/dL or glycohemoglobin levels ≥6.5%. The conceptual model encompassed age, sex, ethnic self-identification, education, poverty-income ratio, alcohol drinking, total cholesterol and body mass index. In never smokers, higher serum cotinine levels were positively associated with diabetes mellitus (the meta-analytic summary estimate is 1.2, 95% CI=1.1, 1.2). This association was not evident among never smokers with cotinine levels below 3ng/mL. These replications help sustain evidence of ETS-diabetes mellitus association, which might be explained by shared psychosocial characteristics. Prospective studies with appropriate biomarkers are needed to further investigate this association. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Association between serum uric acid level and metabolic syndrome components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nejatinamini, Sara; Ataie-Jafari, Asal; Qorbani, Mostafa; Nikoohemat, Shideh; Kelishadi, Roya; Asayesh, Hamid; Hosseini, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    Serum uric acid levels is reported to be associated with a variety of cardiometabolic risk factors; however, its direct association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains controversial. Thus, we examined the association of serum uric acid concentrations with the MetS components. MetS was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) criteria. This case-control study comprised 101 non-smoking individuals (41 in the MetS group and 60 in the non-MetS group). Blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, lipid profiles, uric acid, and anthropometric measures were determined, and body composition was assessed by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). After adjustment for confounding factors, serum uric acid was significantly higher in MetS group than non-MetS group (5.70 ± 1.62 vs 4.97 ± 1.30 mg/dL, respectively, P = 0.001). After controlling for age, sex and body mass index in partial correlation analysis, uric acid was positively correlated with triglycerides, and negatively with HDL-C. In multiple logistic regression analysis, every 1 mg/dl elevation in the serum uric acid level increased the risk of MetS approximately by 2-folds (OR: 2.11, 95 % CI: 1.30-3.41). This study showed that those individuals with MetS have higher uric acid levels; the association of uric acid and MetS components supports that it might be an additional components of MetS.

  1. High levels of serum hyaluronic acid in adults with dermatomyositis

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    Alana Ausciutti Victorino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background / objectives. Hyaluronic acid (HA is rarely described in dermatomyositis (DM. Thus, we determined any clinical association of serum levels of hyaluronic acid (HA in patients with dermatomyositis (DM. Materials and Methods. This cross-sectional single-center analysis 75 DM and 75 healthy individuals, during the period from January 2012 to July 2013. An anti-HA antibody assay was performed using specific ELISA/EIA kits, according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Results. The patients with DM and control subjects had comparable demographic distributions (p>0.05. The median time duration between disease diagnosis and initial symptoms was 6.0 [3.0-12.0] months, with a median DM disease duration of 4.0 [1.0-7.0] years. The median level of serum HA was significantly increased in patients with DM compared to the control group [329.0 (80.0-958.0 vs. 133.0 (30.0-262.0 ng/mL, respectively; p0.05. Serum HA also did not correlate with gender, ethnicity, auto-antibodies or drug use (p>0.05, but did correlate with cutaneous features, such as photosensitivity (p=0.001, “shawl” sign (p=0.018, “V-neck” sign (p=0.005 and cuticular hypertrophy (p=0.014. Conclusions. A high level of serum AH was observed in DM compared to healthy individuals. In DM, HA did not correlate to demographic, auto-antibodies and therapy parameters. However, HA correlated specifically with some cutaneous features, suggesting that this glycosaminoglycan could be involved in modulating cutaneous inflammation in this population. More studies are necessary to understand the correlation between AH and patients with DM.

  2. The Serum Pepsinogen Level of Dairy Cows with Gastrointestinal Disorders

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    Ali HAJIMOHAMMADI

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of abomasal mucosal diseases in dairy cows suffering from gastrointestinal disorders is becoming more frequent in modern intensive production. Clinical signs are often non-specific. In this study, 67 dairy cows with gastrointestinal disorders and 9 healthy dairy cows as the control group were used. In order to make a tentative diagnosis, a complete physical examination was performed, and the fecal samples were taken from each cow for the fecal occult blood (FOB and the fecal egg count (FEC. Blood samples were taken from the coccygeal vein for WBC, Hematocrit (PCV evaluations, and serum biochemical analysis. Serum pepsinogen activity and total protein; albumin and globulin were measured using validated standard methods. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. The level of significance was set at P<0.05. A significant increase in serum pepsinogen activity was seen in all the cases of abomasal displacements compared to the control group. Among the abomasal displacement groups a significant increase in serum pepsinogen activity was seen in abomasal displacements with suspected abomasal ulcer in comparison with those without any signs of abomasal ulcer (positive FOB and melena. No considerable differences were observed between WBC, PCV, and total protein and globulin in different gastrointestinal disorders and the control group. In this study, the serum pepsinogen activity in all dairy cows with signs of abomasal ulcer (melena and positive fecal occult blood test was higher than the control group, since all of the cases had negative abomasal parasites; these increases in the signs of abomasal ulcer could predict abomasal ulcer complication in the cases of displacements.

  3. Brazilian female crack users show elevated serum aluminum levels

    OpenAIRE

    Pechansky,Flavio; Kessler, Felix Henrique Paim; Diemen, Lisia von; Bumaguin, Daniela Benzano; Surratt, Hilary L.; Inciardi,James A

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: There is no information in the literature on the impact of crack smoking using crushed aluminum cans as makeshift pipes, a common form of crack use in Brazil. Since aluminum intake is associated with neurological damage, we measured serum aluminum levels in crack smokers. The objective of this study was to ascertain the levels of aluminum in crack users who smoke on makeshift aluminum pipes. METHOD: 71 female crack smokers, their mean age being 28.0 (± 7.7), provided information ab...

  4. Serum Levels of Trace Elements in Patients with Testicular Cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaba, Mehmet; Pirinççi, Necip; Yüksel, Mehmet Bilgehan; Geçit, İlhan; Güneş, Mustafa; Demir, Murat; Akkoyun, HurremTuran; Demir, Halit

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Trace elements are primary components of biological structures; however, they can be toxic when their concentrations are higher than those needed for biological functions. Materials and Methods: In the present study serum levels of trace elements were measured in 30 patients (mean age was 26.9±11.2 years) newly diagnosed with germ cell testicular cancer and 32 healthy volunteers (mean age: 27.4±10.8) by using furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Serum samples were stored at-20°C until assays. Results: In patients with germ cell testicular cancer, the diagnosis was seminoma in 15, mix germ cell tumor in 7, embryonal carcinoma in 4, yolk sac tumor in 2 and teratoma in 2 patients. There was stage I testicular tumor in 19 patients (63.3%) while stage II in 6 patients (20.0%), stage IIIA in 4 patients (13.3%) and stage IIIC in one patient (3.4%). It was found that serum Co, Cu, Mg and Pb levels were increased (ptrace elements. PMID:26742967

  5. Maternal serum Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate levels and the efficiency of labor

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    "Modares Gilani M

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the maternal serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA sulfate levels as a factor influencing labor ‘efficiency’ at term and unsuccessful labor induction. This is a prospective study. In this study the mean (± standard error maternal serum DHEA sulfate levels of 90 singleton pregnant women in 3 groups with spontaneous labor, need for augmentation and need for induction were compared.Pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus, hypertension, fetal growth restriction, tobacco consumption, corticosteriod use or chorioamintis were excluded. Bishop score of all cases was less than 5. Serum DHEA sulfate levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. Dehydroepiandrosteone sulfate levels and other obstetric variables were correlated retrospectively with the clinically determined requirements of oxytocin augmentation of labor, and the outcome of each induction attempt. The t-test, Variance analysis Kruskal –Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test, chi-square (X2 distribution, linear correlation and regression were used for statistical analysis. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. This study showed that the mean (± standard error maternal serum DHEA sulfate level was not significantly higher in women who progressed spontaneously through labor (n=30 than in those who required augmentation (n=30 (60.78±4.22 versus 70.38±5.84. No significant difference was found between the mean DHEA sulfate levels of spontaneous labor group (n=30 and cases who had prolonged latent phase (n=21 (66.78±4.22 versus 67.02±7.13 or prolonged active phase disorders (n=9 (60.78±4.22 µg/dl versus 78.22±10.23 µg/dl p=0.25This study showed that the mean maternal serum DEHA sulfate level was significantly higher in women with spontaneous labor (n=30 than in those who needed induction (n=30 (60.78±4.22 µg/dl versus 39.49±4.56 µg/dl, respectively; p=0.001.In the group who needed induction, the mean DHEA sulfate level waa significantly higher in women who

  6. Serum visfatin levels in Behçet's disease

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    Nazan Emiroğlu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: The genetic predisposition, infectious agents, various antibodies and oxidative stress has been suggested to be among the possible causes of the etiopathogenesis of Behçet’s disease (BD. Recently, a new protein called visfatin, synthesized by adipose tissue has been identified. Visfatin has been found to be associated with many cases like insulin resistance, obesity, atherosclerosis, inflammation, immunity. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum visfatin levels and the activity of Behçet's disease, and determine the role of visfatin in the inflammatory process of BD. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients (43 M, 57 F who were diagnosed as Behçet’s disease according to BD International Working Group criteria and 60 (31 M, 29 F healthy individuals joined the study. Patient group was composed of 50 active and 50 inactive Behçet's patients. Statistical analyzes were performed with SPSS 15.0 program. Results: Visfatin levels were significantly higher in both group of patients compared to the control group (p<0.001 (p<0.001. Serum visfatin levels in patients with active disease were found statistically significantly higher than inactive patients (p<0.001. Conclusions: Serum visfatin levels in both active and inactive patient groups were higher than the control group. Visfatin is a proinflammatory cytokine and has a role in chronic inflammatory reaction by inducing cellular expression of inflammatory cytokines. Visfatin may play a role via this method in the pathogenesis of active and chronic phase of Behcet's disease.

  7. Serum lysophospholipid levels are altered in dyslipidemic hamsters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez-García, Susana; Caimari, Antoni; Del Bas, Josep Maria; Suárez, Manuel; Arola, Lluís

    2017-09-05

    Dyslipidemias are common disorders that predispose individuals to severe diseases. It is known that healthy living habits can prevent dyslipidemias if they are diagnosed properly. Therefore, biomarkers that assist in diagnosis are essential. The aim of this study was to identify biomarkers of dyslipidemia progression, which in turn disclose its etiology. These findings will pave the way for examinations of the regulatory mechanisms involved in dyslipidemias. Hamsters were fed either a normal-fat diet (NFD) or a high-fat diet. Some of the NFD-fed animals were further treated with the hyperlipidemic agent Poloxamer 407. Non-targeted metabolomics was used to investigate progressive changes in unknown serum metabolites. The hepatic expression of putative biomarker-related genes was also analyzed. The serum levels of lysophospholipids (Lyso-PLs) and their related enzymes lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) and paraoxonase-1 were altered in dyslipidemic hamsters. Lysophosphatidylcholine levels were increased in diet-induced dyslipidemic groups, whereas lysophosphatidylethanolamine levels increased in response to the chemical treatment. The liver was significantly involved in regulating the levels of these molecules, based on the modified expression of endothelial lipase (Lipg), sPLA2 (Pla2g2a) and acyltransferases (Lcat and Lpcat3). We concluded that Lyso-PL evaluation could aid in the comprehensive diagnosis and management of lipid disorders.

  8. Serum leptin levels, hormone levels, and hot flashes in midlife women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Carolyn; Cochran, Chrissy J; Gallicchio, Lisa; Miller, Susan R; Flaws, Jodi A; Zacur, Howard

    2010-08-01

    To examine the associations between serum leptin levels, sex steroid hormone levels, and hot flashes in normal weight and obese midlife women. Cross-sectional study. University clinic. 201 Caucasian, nonsmoking women aged 45 to 54 years with a body mass index of or=30 kg/m2. Questionnaire, fasting blood samples. Serum leptin and sex steroid hormone levels. Correlation and regression models were performed to examine associations between leptin levels, hormone levels, and hot flashes. Leptin levels were associated with BMI, with "ever experiencing hot flashes" (questionnaire), with hot flashes within the last 30 days, and with duration of hot flashes (>1 year, P=.03). Leptin was positively correlated with testosterone, free testosterone index, and free estrogen index and inversely associated with levels of sex hormone-binding globulin. In women with a body mass index>or=30 kg/m2, leptin levels no longer correlated with testosterone levels. Serum leptin levels are associated with the occurrence and duration of hot flashes in midlife women; however, no correlation was found between leptin and serum estradiol. Copyright (c) 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Cutoff Values of Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) in Normal Korean Adults and Factors Influencing Serum CEA Level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Soon [Hanil Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sun Wook; Chung, June Key; Lee, Dong Soo [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-10-15

    Carcinoembryonic Antigen is one of most frequently checked tumor markers in cancer management. We performed statistical analysis with serum CEA data of 2626 persons who received regular health examination and were thought to be free of active disease to determine the cutoff values of serum CEA level in normal Korean adults and to study the factors influencing serum CEA levels in normal subjects. 1) The cutoff values of serum CEA in normal Korean adults in general were 9.28 ng/ml for men, 5.90 ng/ml for women. 2) Serum CEA level was influenced by age, present smoking history, sex, and abnormal findings in chest X ray. 3) Serum CEA level had no correlation with the history of amount of alcohol consumption or obesity. 4) Cutoff values of serum CEA in normal Korean adults were tabulated according to age, sex, and smoking history. Serum CEA level was influenced by age, sex, present smoking history and abnormal findings in chest X ray and cutoff values of serum CEA were tabulated according to age, sex, and smoking history.

  10. Serum gastrin level in pregnancy running a normal course

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milev, N.; Todorov, G.; Pumpalov, A.; Ignatov, A. (Meditsinska Akademiya, Sofia (Bulgaria). Nauchen Inst. po Rentgenologiya i Radiobiologiya)

    1982-01-01

    The serum gastrin level (SGL) is studied in dynamics during each lunar month of pregnancy in order to accumulate data which may serve the purpose of a tentative standard for serum gastrin level in this peculiar physiologic condition. A group of 110 pregnant women with a normal development of pregnancy, as documented by the clinical and paraclinical examination, are covered by the study. Blood samples are taken before meal, and a radioimmunologic method is used for SGL assessment. The number of women analyzed and the mean age by lunar months are shown. The normal value established in nonpregnant women of the same age group is 28+-7 mg/ml, relative to which the average values during the first five i.m. do not show statistically significant differences. During the 6th l.m. SGL increases to 68.5 mg/ml, while after the 7th l.m. values are recorded exceeding 1aa mg/ml with a maximum observed in the 8th and 9th l.m. The mechanisms eventually involved in the occurrence of gastrinemia during the second half of pregnancy are discussed, e.g. 1/mechanical compression of the stomach by the progressively growing uterus, 2/decreased breakdown, inhibition and elimimation of the hormone by the kidneys, and 3/possible correlative dependence between changes in SGL and changes in the level of hormones playing a predominant role in the hormonal status after the fifth month of pregnancy.

  11. Serum transferrin levels in children with protein-energy malnutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selime Aydoğdu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Although the diagnosis of patients with severemalnutrition is easy, it is very difficult to recognize patientswith mild and moderate malnutrition. A variety of methodsattempts to develop for early diagnosis of these cases.In this study, we evaluated the serum transferrin and albuminlevels in children with mild, moderate and severeprotein-energy malnutrition (PEM.Materials and methods: Children admitted to our policlinic,aged between 3 and 25 months, 45 subjects withPEM and 39 healthy subjects (control group were evaluated.According to the Gomez, Waterlow and Kanawatisubjects with PEM were divided in 3 subgroups mild,moderate and severe PEM. Anthropometric measurementsand biochemical results of 4 groups were compared.Results: For albumin levels in mild to moderate PEMgroups, 37.7% sensitivity, and 28.5% specificity, positivepredictive value 54%; negative predictive value 16.6%was found. For severe PEM sensitivity, specificity, positivepredictive value and negative predictive value were71%, 62.5%, 45%, and 83.3% respectively.With respect to the levels of transferrin, a significant differencewas found between mild PEM-control and moderatePEM-control groups (p0.05.Conclusion: Our study results showed that albumin isa weak indicator in mild-moderate PEM. In these cases,serum transferrin level reduces before decreasing of albuminlevel, thus it may be an early sensitive finding thatcan be used as a sensitive parameter in the diagnosis ofearly stages of malnutrition.Key words: Protein energy malnutrition, children, albumin,transferrin

  12. Serum levels of melatonin and cytokines in multiple sclerosis

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    Naser Farhadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cytokines are important factors of the immune system in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS in which damage caused by oxidants plays a major role in the pathology. Melatonin secreted by the pineal gland has recently been considered as an antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between melatonin and cytokines in patients with MS. Thirty patients with MS and 30 healthy controls were selected. Serum levels of melatonin and cytokines, including interleukin-4, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α, were detected in all participants by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA method. There was a significant difference between patient and control groups in the levels of melatonin and TNF-α. Also, no significant correlation between the serum levels of melatonin and cytokines in both patient and control groups was seen. We concluded that decrease of melatonin and subsequent increase of pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α, could be a factor in the inflammatory reactions in the pathologic process of MS.

  13. Osho Dynamic Meditation's Effect on Serum Cortisol Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Anuj; Mittal, Ashish; Seth, Vikas

    2016-11-01

    Dynamic meditation is one of the most popular active meditation, introduced by an Indian mystic Osho in 1970. This one hour meditation consists of five stages: Deep fast chaotic breathing, catharsis, using a mantra "Hoo", silence, and dancing. A previous study observed that Osho dynamic meditation causes decrease in several psychopathological variables such as aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression. However, it is not objectively established that the dynamic meditation has an anti-stress effect. To find out the effect of Osho dynamic meditation on the serum cortisol levels (cortisol is an indicator of stress) and therefore to observe whether it has any anti-stress effect. An experimental study was planned doing the dynamic meditation empty stomach in morning at 6 to 7 am every day for 21 days from 1 st March 2015 to 21 st March 2015 at Lucknow. Twenty healthy volunteers between 20 to 50 years (14 males and 6 females) participated in the study. Serum cortisol level was estimated from the blood samples collected in the morning one day prior (baseline) and post-meditation on the 21 st day of the study. The difference between mean cortisol levels of the baseline and post-meditation groups were tested for significance by applying the paired t-test. Sixteen volunteers out of the 20 completed the study while four dropped out due to their health and personal reasons. The serum cortisol levels were decreased in all the 16 participants on 21 st day as compared to the baseline levels and the decline in the mean cortisol level was highly significant (psignificant reduction in plasma cortisol levels when the participants were tested after 21 days of meditation; it can be concluded that the Osho dynamic meditation produces anti-stress effects. The mechanism of action could primarily be attributed to the release of repressed emotions and psychological inhibitions and traumas. Thus, dynamic meditation could be recommended for the amelioration of stress and stress related

  14. An assessment ofvitamin D serum levels in allergic children

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    Agnieszka Rustecka

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been a worldwide increase in the incidence of allergy, particularly in the paediatric population. The most common allergic conditions include asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, food allergies and urticaria. There are a number of publications showing the importance of serum vitamin D levels in atopic diseases. The effects of vitamin D on the balance between Th1 and Th2 lymphocyte-mediated immune response as well as the antiinflammatory effects by limiting TNF-α overproduction are emphasised. The role of vitamin D in the formation of natural endogenous antibiotics and antimicrobials, such as defensins and cathelicidins, is also known. Aim of the study: The aim of the study was to assess serum vitamin D levels in allergic children. Material and methods: Children diagnosed with allergy and/or monitored for atopic disease as well as children with recurrent respiratory infections were included in the study. The children were diagnosed and treated at the Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Nephrology and Allergology of the Military Institute of Medicine in the period from September 2011 to August 2013. A total of 60 children were qualified to a group with allergy diagnosis (group I, and 49 children formed a group with recurrent respiratory infections (group II. Vitamin D levels were measured in 109 children aged from 2 months to 18 years. Results: Low levels of vitamin D (below the normal limit were shown in both paediatric groups. No statistically significant (p = 0.25 effects of the season on vitamin D levels were found in the whole evaluated population of children. A statistically significant (p < 0.0001 negative correlation was shown between vitamin D serum levels and the age of the assessed children (vitamin D levels decreased with age.

  15. Obesity itself does not influence BDNF serum levels in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gajewska, E; Sobieska, M; Łojko, D; Wieczorowska-Tobis, K; Suwalska, A

    2014-01-01

    In European countries more than 50% of the population are overweight, 30% with obesity. In Poland overweight was present in 41% of men and 28.7% of women (obesity 15.7% and 19.9%). It was examined whether obesity affects serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), which may lead to the consequences of obesity, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and finally the metabolic syndrome. We aimed to examine whether obesity affects the serum levels of BDNF and IL-6. The study involved 144 people aged 45 to 86 years, 80 subjects with diagnosed obesity and 64 with normal body weight, ≤ 65 years old (n = 45) and > 65 years old (n = 99). All patients underwent tests of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides levels, using routine laboratory methods. A test of the concentration of IL-6 and BDNF was carried out. The declared level of physical activity (gymnastics, cycling or walking) was considered. It was shown that in women ≤ 65 years old, obesity was associated with higher levels of interleukin-6. When the test group, divided into the above categories, was analyzed for the diagnosis of hypertension, heart failure or diabetes mellitus, no statistically significant differences in the investigated parameters were detected. The concentration of brain-derived neurotrophic factor did not differ in the investigated subjects, regardless of sex, age, obesity, or the declared physical activity. The concentration of interleukin-6 in younger people, including those with normal body weight, correlated with total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and it was significantly higher in obese women compared to those with normal body weight.

  16. The association between serum ApoE genetic polymorphism and serum lipid level in hemodialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yong; Zhang, Linlin; Cao, Bo

    2015-02-01

    Growing evidence indicates that apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is one of the most important candidate genes for influencing the development of hemodialysis (HD). This study aims to detect the potential association between serum ApoE genetic polymorphism and serum lipid level in HD. A total of 485 subjects were enrolled in this case-control study. The created restriction site polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing methods were used to investigate ApoE c.109G>A genetic polymorphism. Our data suggested that there were significant differences in the distribution of allelic and genotypic frequencies between HD patients and healthy controls. The levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, ApoA-I, ApoB, ApoE, and lipoprotein (a) for genotype AA were different from genotype GG in HD patients and healthy controls. Our findings support that the ApoE c.109G>A genetic polymorphism might influence the development of HD and could be a risk factor for assessing HD.

  17. [Severely increased serum lipid levels in diabetic ketoacidosis - case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefansson, Hrafnkell; Sigvaldason, Kristinn; Kjartansson, Hilmar; Sigurjonsdottir, Helga Águsta

    2017-01-01

    Severe hypertriglyceridemia is a known, but uncommon complication of diabetic ketoacidosis. We discuss the case of a 23-year-old, previously healthy, woman who initially presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Grossly lipemic serum due to extremely high triglyceride (38.6 mmol/L) and cholesterol (23.2 mmol/L) levels were observed with a high blood glucose (23 mmol/L) and a low pH of 7.06 on a venous blood gas. She was treated successfully with fluids and insulin and had no sequale of pancreatitis or cerebral edema. Her triglycerides and cholesterol was normalized in three days and she was discharged home on insulin therapy after five days. Further history revealed a recent change in diet with no meat, fish or poultry consumption in the last 12 months and concomitantly an increase in carbohydrate intake which might have contributed to her extremely high serum lipid levels. This case demonstrates that clinicians should be mindful of the different presentations of diabetic ketoacidosis. Key words: diabetic ketoacidosis, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperlipidemia, vegan diet, carbohydrate diet. Correspondence: Hrafnkell Stefansson, hrafnkell.stefans@gmail.com.

  18. Clinical studies on serum IgE level Part Ⅱ. Studies on serum IgE level in patients with non atopic disease

    OpenAIRE

    上田, 暢男

    1980-01-01

    Serum IgE level was measured by the methods of radioimmunosorbent test (RIST) in 116 subjects including 41 patients with malignant lymphomas and 20 patients of myasthenia gravis. In Hodgkin's disease, the serum IgE level was evaluated according to the clinical stages and to the effects of chemotherapy. Also, the changes of serum IgE level was compared before and after thymectomy in myasthenia gravis patients. The results were as follows: 1) Patients with Hodgkin's disease showed remarkably hi...

  19. Serum levels of growth hormone binding protein in children with normal and precocious puberty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, A; Fisker, Sidse; Scheike, Thomas Harder

    2000-01-01

    To study the regulation of GHBP serum levels by gonadal steroids in normal and precocious puberty.......To study the regulation of GHBP serum levels by gonadal steroids in normal and precocious puberty....

  20. SERUM ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE LEVEL IN THE PATIENTS OF OPIOID (BROWN SUGAR) DEPENDENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Nilesh; Dave, Kirti

    1992-01-01

    The authors compared the serum acetylcholinesterase level in the patients of brown sugar dependence and the normal volunteers. Significantly lower level of serum acetylcholinesterase was found in patients of brown sugar dependence.

  1. Serum ghrelin level is associated with cardiovascular risk score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop, Dana; Peter, P; Dădârlat, Alexandra; Sitar-Tăut, Adela; Zdrenghea, D

    2015-01-01

    Ghrelin, a newly discovered bioactive peptide, was originally reported to induce growth hormone release. Recent studies have shown beneficial hemodynamic effects of ghrelin in the cardiovascular system to support the wide distribution of its receptors in cardiovascular tissues. The aim of the study was to determine whether cardiovascular risk factors influence plasma ghrelin levels. We evaluated in the Rehabilitation Hospital Cluj-Napoca, Cardiology-Department 88 consecutive subjects, 65 (73.86%) being women, with mean age 61.7 +/- 10.33 years. We assessed the presence of cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, smoking and lipid fractions). Plasma ghrelin levels were determined with a commercial ELISA kit (pg/ml). After the evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors, we found no statistically significant difference between ghrelin levels in the patients with vs those without cardiovascular risk factors (p>0.05). A negative correlation was found between ghrelin levels and age, r = -0.32 (p cardiovascular risk for each patient according to the risk score system (SCORE) for high cardiovascular risk countries. Statistically, the risk of fatal cardiovascular events in the next 10 years was indirectly correlated with the ghrelin levels in each patient-correlation between ghrelin levels and SCORE system r = -0.25, p=0.015. In conclusion, low serum ghrelin concentrations are associated with an increased global cardiovascular risk, calculated based on the European SCORE scale. However, we could not demonstrate a direct relationship between any of the major risk factors and ghrelin.

  2. Thyroglobulin and other tumor markers in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiners, C.; Becker, W.; Berger, P.; Eilles, C.; Gerhards, W.; Rendl, J.; Schaede, B.; Scheler, S.; Schneider, P.; Spiegel, W.

    1986-04-01

    The diagnostic value of thyroglobulin (hTg) serum measurements for the follow-up of papillary, follicular and oncocytic thyroid carcinoma has been re-evaluated after more than 6 years of clinical experience with this tumor marker in 370 cancer patients. The sensitivity of hTg RIA for the detection of metastases or recurrence amounts to 94%, provided that residual thyroid tissue has been totally ablated and that serum samples are drawn after withdrawal of thyroid hormone replacement. The I-131 scan may be replaced under certain conditions by hTg RIA which has proven a valid, reasonable and convenient diagnostic method for long time follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer. The somewhat reduced sensitivity of hTg determinations under continued thyroid hormone medication can be tolerated, provided that a standardised follow-up protocol is used including clinical, sonographic and radiological investigations. (orig./TRV).

  3. Status of serum magnesium in type 2 diabetes mellitus with particular reference to serum triacylglycerol levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, A R; Niranjan, G; Kuzhandai Velu, V; Parmar, Pragnesh; Anish, A

    2012-01-01

    Magnesium (Mg) is the fourth most abundant cation in the body and the second most common intracellular cation. The association between hypomagnesemia and insulin resistance (IR) in diabetes mellitus has been documented earlier. However, we wanted to study whether the extracellular status of magnesium (Mg) could be a biochemical mediator between hypertriacylglycerolemia and diabetes mellitus. To find out the probable association among HbA1c, triacylglycerol (TG) and magnesium levels - a predictor of vascular complications in T(2)DM. Thirty patients who had attended the diabetic clinics during the period of this study were included. All the samples were analysed for glucose, TG, Mg, and HbA1c. For statistical analysis, SPSS 17 package was used. Serum TG (236.67*, 195.06) and HbA1C (9.97*, 8.57) levels were independently compared between the two groups and were significantly high in group A subjects (Mg1.2mg/dl) (*p-valuediabetes mellitus patients with accompanying hypomagnesemia. This compared well with that of the glycemic control. Low Mg levels, high TG levels in association with enhanced HbA1c levels could thus serve as a reliable biochemical indicator of insulin status and action without resorting to the usage of criteria for insulin sensitivity and resistance. Copyright © 2012 Diabetes India. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Serum Levels of Progranulin Do Not Reflect Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels in Neurodegenerative Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Carlo; Gillardon, Frank; Deuschle, Christian; Dubois, Evelyn; Hobert, Markus A; Müller vom Hagen, Jennifer; Krüger, Stefanie; Biskup, Saskia; Blauwendraat, Cornelis; Hruscha, Michael; Kaeser, Stephan A; Heutink, Peter; Maetzler, Walter; Synofzik, Matthis

    2016-01-01

    Altered progranulin levels play a major role in neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer's dementia (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), even in the absence of GRN mutations. Increasing progranulin levels could hereby provide a novel treatment strategy. However, knowledge on progranulin regulation in neurodegenerative diseases remains limited. We here demonstrate that cerebrospinal fluid progranulin levels do not correlate with its serum levels in AD, FTD and ALS, indicating a differential regulation of its central and peripheral levels in neurodegeneration. Blood progranulin levels thus do not reliably predict central nervous progranulin levels and their response to future progranulin-increasing therapeutics.

  5. Increased serum levels of sortilin are associated with depression and correlated with BDNF and VEGF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buttenschøn, Henriette Nørmølle; Demontis, Ditte; Ollendorff, Mathias Kaas

    2015-01-01

    measured by immunoassay, and potential determinants of the serum sortilin level were assessed by generalized linear models. Serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured in previous studies. We identified a significant increase of serum...... sortilin levels in depressed individuals compared with controls (P = 0.0002) and significant positive correlation between serum sortilin levels and the corresponding levels of BDNF and VEGF. None of the genotyped SNPs were associated with depression. Additional analyses showed that the serum sortilin level...... was influenced by several other factors. Alcohol intake and body mass index, as well as depression, serum BDNF and serum VEGF were identified as predictors of serum sortilin levels in our final multivariate model. In conclusion, the results suggest a role of circulating sortilin in depression which may relate...

  6. Quantitative Assessment of Serum Nickel and Chromium Levels in Orthodontic Patients: An in vitro Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan Rai

    2011-01-01

    Results : Results obtained indicated that although nickel level in the serum was significant initially in the samples when compared to the controls, there was a gradual decrease of serum nickel level when the appliance was present for a longer duration. However, serum chromium levels showed no significant changes with time.

  7. Cytokine Levels in the Serum of Healthy Subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Kleiner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Growing knowledge about the cytokine network response has led to a better comprehension of mechanisms of pathologies and to the development of new treatments with biological drugs, able to block specific molecules of the immune response. Indeed, when the cytokine production is deregulated, diseases often occur. The understanding of the physiological mechanism of the cytokine network would be useful to better comprehend pathological conditions. Moreover, since the immune system and response change their properties with development, differences in patients' age should be taken into account, both in physiological and in pathological conditions. In this study, we analyzed the profile of 48 cytokines and chemokines in the serum of healthy subjects, comparing adults (≥18 years with young children and children (1–6 and 7–17 years. We found that a certain number of cytokines were not being produced in healthy subjects; others showed a constant serum level amongst the groups. Certain cytokines exhibited a downward or an upward trend with increasing age. The remaining cytokines were up- or downregulated in the group of the children with respect to the other groups. In conclusion, we drew some kinds of guidelines about the physiological production of cytokines and chemokines, underling the difference caused by aging.

  8. Serum adipocytokine levels in patients with colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sema Uslu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Adipose tissue, besides its main function as an energy storage depot, is currently considered an endocrine organ that secretes several self-produced cytokines. Leptin and resistin play an important role in energy homeostasis, glucose, lipid metabolism and regulation of body weight. The aim of the current study was to determine the concentration of leptin and resistin in pre-operational and post-operational periods of patients diagnosed as colorectal cancer.Materials and methods: The body mass index (BMI and values of leptin and resistin in blood at diagnosis were measured in 12 colorectal cancer patients in pre- and post-operational periods and in 12 age- and sex-matched controls. Serum leptin and resistin concentrations were measured by ELISA method.Results: Decreased leptin (1.95±0.62 ng/ml and resistin (4.32±1.83 ng/ml levels were found in pre-operational group compared with the control group (leptin: 6.12±0.82 ng/ml; resistin: 10.75±1.46 ng/ml (p0.05.Conclusion: We conclude that serum concentration of leptin and resistin may have a role in patients with colorectal cancers. Further studies are needed to investigate the possible prognostic value of leptin and resistin in clinical practice of patients with colorectal cancers.

  9. Serum lipoprotein (a) levels in patients with arterial hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serban, Corina; Nicola, T; Mateescu, Rodica; Noveanu, Lavinia; Susan, Lelia; Pacurari, Alina; Caraba, A; Romoşan, I; Cristescu, A

    2010-01-01

    Lp(a) is capable of deleteriously altering the balance between the procoagulant and anticoagulant, proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory, and vasorelaxing and vasoconstricting properties of the endothelium. The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum concentration of Lp(a) and the main parameters of lipid profile in three groups of subjects: a control group that included 16 healthy subjects, 20 patients with arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia and 20 patients with arterial hypertension without dyslipidemia. Using B-mode ultrasonography, we evaluated carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow mediated vasodilation (FMD) on brachial artery. We found significant higher Lp(a) concentrations in hypertensive patients with dislipidemia (70 +/- 55.95 mg/dL, p dislipidemia (69 +/- 52.33 mg/dL, p dislipidemia we found a strong negative correlation between Lp(a) and carotid IMT (R2 = -0.75, p < 0.001) and a moderate negative correlation between Lp(a) and FMD (R2 = -0.38, p < 0.001). Lp(a) level wasn't correlated with the main parameters of lipid profile. These results indicated that serum Lp(a) values could play an important role in essential hypertension pathogenesis and could be considered as an individual risk factor in hypertensive patients.

  10. Apelin Serum Level in Egyptian Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala O. El-Mesallamy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Highlighting the apelin system would present a new therapeutic target for liver disease. Apelin; endogenous ligand for the orphan receptor APJ, was recently suggested to be associated with fibrosis progression and cirrhosis in addition to insulin resistance (IR and inflammation. The present study was conducted to evaluate blood apelin level changes among 73 chronic hepatitis C (CHC Egyptian patients and if associated with body mass index (BMI, IR, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α. Serum apelin levels were significantly higher in patients with CHC with median value (3.25 when compared with controls (1.11, at P<0.0001, with significant apelin variations among asymptomatic carriers (ASC, fibrosis, and cirrhosis patients, and also among obese and nonobese patients. Multiple regression analysis depicted that BMI, triglycerides, and total cholesterol were independent correlation factors to apelin levels, whereas TNF-α was found to be significantly negatively correlated to adjusted apelin in CHC patients (r=−0.5944, P<0.0001. IR was positively correlated to adjusted apelin in CHC patients (r=0.2663, P<0.05. Conclusion. Apelin level varies among stages of CHC, which may contribute to fibrosis progression. In addition, obesity and IR could act as comorbid factors affecting apelin level in patients with CHC.

  11. Serum leptin levels in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akram, Shama; Ahmed, Zamir; Fayyaz, Iram; Mehmood, Sadia; Ghani, Mansoor; Choudhary, Anbreen Mazhar; Shah, Imran

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity, mortality and disability worldwide. Leptin, a 16kDa product of ob gene, is an endocrine hormone produced by white adipose tissue. It is primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Hyperleptinemia is one of the novel risk factors contributing in many ways to CVD. The objective of the study was to find the level of leptin in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and compare it with healthy people in our population. Our study was an analytical and cross-sectional study. Our study included 60 patients with a history of CAD and 60 healthy controls (aged 40-60 years, both sexes). Leptin levels were measured by ELISA. Mean serum leptin level in patients was 11.48 +/- 11.25 etag/ml, while control group had a mean leptin level of 8.22 +/- 8.01 etag/ml (p = 0.071). Leptin levels were higher in patients but the difference was non-significant. More studies are needed with larger sample size in our population.

  12. Comparative study of serum ferritin levels after oral supplementation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Iron supplementation is almost universally recommended during pregnancy to correct or prevent iron deficiency. Iron status can be assessed prepartum by estimating blood hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and serum ferritin. This study attempts to know the therapeutic efficacy ...

  13. Aortic valve sclerosis is associated with lower serum adiponectin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çabuk, Gizem; Guray, Umit; Kafes, Habibe; Guray, Yesim; Cabuk, Ali Kemal; Bayir, Pinar T; Asarcikli, Lale D

    2015-06-01

    The sclerotic lesions of the aortic valve share common features with atherosclerosis. An anti-inflammatory protein, adiponectin, seems to have a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. The goal of our study is to determine adiponectin levels in patients with aortic sclerosis and to compare these values with the control group with similar age and cardiovascular risk profile. Sixty-eight patients with aortic sclerosis and 40 controls were included. Serum adiponectin levels were measured by solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. There were no significant differences regarding age, sex and other cardiovascular risk factors between groups. Also, mean body mass index values were similar. The rate of mitral annular calcification and left ventricular hypertrophy were significantly higher in patients with aortic sclerosis. Among laboratory variables, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were significantly higher in patients with aortic sclerosis than in those without (4.0 ± 2.9 vs. 2.9 ± 2.3 mg/dl, P = 0.04). Adiponectin levels were found to be significantly lower in aortic sclerosis group than in controls (9.7 ± 4.4 vs. 11.7 ± 4.9 μg/ml, P = 0.034). In the whole group, adiponectin levels were significantly correlated with BMI (r = -0.22, P = 0.02), white blood cell count (r = -0.2, P = 0.03), hsCRP (r = -0.25, P = 0.008), total cholesterol (r = -0.18, P = 0.05), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (r = 0.31, P = 0.001) and triglyceride (r = -0.36, P sclerosis, serum adiponectin levels were significantly lower compared with those with normal aortic valves. Our findings suggested that adiponectin might play a role in the progression of degenerative aortic valve disease.

  14. Serum lipid levels in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valmir Jose de Lima

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia is a disorder that occurs only during pregnancy. Postpartum changes relating to lipid metabolism may contribute towards the endothelial lesions observed in preeclampsia. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the lipid profile among patients who present preeclampsia and correlate these parameters with 24-hour proteinuria. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study including 77 pregnant patients seen at Hospital Dório Silva. METHODS: This study involved 42 women with preeclampsia and 35 healthy pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy as controls. Blood samples were obtained from all the patients, and the serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins (LDL, high-density lipoproteins (HDL and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL were determined. Cases and controls were matched for maternal age, gestational week and body mass index. RESULTS: The VLDL and triglyceride values from the women with preeclampsia were significantly higher than those of the healthy women. There was a positive correlation between increased proteinuria and higher VLDL and triglyceride levels in patients with preeclampsia. CONCLUSION: Among the patients with preeclampsia, higher VLDL and triglyceride levels were positively correlated with proteinuria. These observations indicate that the pregnant women who presented elevated lipid levels were more susceptible to cardiovascular disorders and, consequently, pre-eclampsia.

  15. Serum level of hormone and metabolites in pregnant rabbit does

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Brecchia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to compare the hormones and metabolites serum levels and the reproductive performances of nulliparous (n=100 and primiparous pregnant does submitted to artificial insemination (AI 11 days post-partum. On the day of AI, all the does were weighed and the sexual receptivity was evaluated. The kits were weaned at 26 day. Blood samples were collect by punc- ture of the marginal ear vein from one day before AI until few days before the kindling and assayed for hormones and metabolites. The higher sexual receptivity and the fertility in nulliparous than in primiparous does confirmed the negative effect of lactation. Nulliparous does showed higher blood con- centration of leptine than primiparous, and in both the groups such level lowered during pregnancy, probably reflecting the reduction of the fat reserve. The insuline level increased during pregnancy in either groups as a consequence of the growing of the foetuses. In nulliparous does the cortisol, NEFA and T3 concentrations were higher than primiparous does. The glucose levels were similar in both the groups probably due to the homeostatic mechanisms controlling the glycemia. Hormonal and metabo- lite analyses represent a good tool for understanding the physiological mechanisms required to meet higher reproductive performance.

  16. Relation between serum vitamin D level and asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaragoza Buxo, José; Pérez, Lisandra; Bredy, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    Asthma is a chronic multifactorial condition racterized by inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, narrowing of airway associated with wheezing and shortness of breath, where trials have evidenced that approximately 50% despite being on adequate treatment don't achieve optimal control. Asthma has been related to vitamin D deficiency, where lower levels have been correlated to an increased hyperreactiveness and lower measures in pulmonary function test. Up to our knowledge, no studies have been conducted in Hispanic patients for this association. Cross-Sectional pilot study in the setting of a pneumology office practice. Population consisted of asthmatic patients with no past medical history or risk factors for lower vitamin D levels. Variables studied included Peak-Flow s a measurement of the maximal velocity of air expelled in a forced exhalation adjusted for height and age; Serum vitamin D levels where optimal was > 30, and deficient asthma control test (ACT) questionnaire was noted. An inversely direct proportion between vitamin D and peak flow was evidenced, while no relation noted between peak flow and asthma. An 80% prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was noted in our population. Higher levels of vitamin D were associated with higher punctuation on ACT questionnaire, evidencing that most patients felt better during the last month. Peak flow measurements resulted to be lower when vitamin D was higher, though this measure could be influenced by a variety of external conditions.

  17. Occupational exposure levels of bioaerosol components are associated with serum levels of the acute phase protein Serum Amyloid A in greenhouse workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Mette; Thilsing, Trine; Bælum, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    to elevated levels of bioaerosols. The objective of this study is to assess whether greenhouse workers personal exposure to bioaerosol components was associated with serum levels of the acute phase proteins Serum Amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: SAA and CRP levels were determined...... in serum sampled repeatedly from 33 greenhouse workers. Blood was drawn repeatedly on Mondays and Thursdays during work weeks. Acute phase protein levels were compared to levels in a comparison group of 42 people and related to individual exposure levels to endotoxin, dust, bacteria, fungi and β......-glucan. RESULTS: Serum levels of SAA and CRP were not significantly different in greenhouse workers and a reference group, or on the two work days. In a mixed model, SAA levels were positively associated with endotoxin exposure levels (p = 0.0007). Results for fungi were not clear. CRP levels were positively...

  18. Clinical implication of F-18 FDG PET/CT for differentiated thyroid cancer in patients with negative diagnostic iodine-123 scan and elevated thyroglobulin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seong-Jang [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: growthkim@daum.net; Lee, Tae Hong [Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiology, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, In-Ju; Kim, Yong-Ki [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-04-15

    This study aims to investigate the usefulness of F-18 FDG PET/CT in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) but negative iodine-123 (I-123) scan. Methods: Twenty patients with histopathologically proven DTC, negative diagnostic I-123 scan, and elevated serum Tg levels were prospectively submitted to F-18 FDG PET/CT evaluation. The histopathologic findings consisted of 19 papillary thyroid cancers, 1 follicular thyroid cancer. Results: F-18 FDG PET/CT identified lesions in 18 out of 20 patients, giving a sensitivity of 90%. Thirteen of the 18 patients revealed limited loco-regional disease. Remaining 5 patients showed distant metastases, consisting of 4 patients with lung metastases and 1 patient with bone metastasis. Two patients revealed negative F-18 FDG PET/CT findings. Conclusion: F-18 FDG PET/CT is suitable for the detection and precise localization of loco-regional recurrences and distant metastases of DTC in patients with elevated serum Tg but negative I-123 whole body scan.

  19. Stable cystatin C serum levels confirm normal renal function in patients with dronedarone-associated increase in serum creatinine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncker, David; Oswald, Hanno; Gardiwal, Ajmal; Lüsebrink, Ulrich; König, Thorben; Schreyer, Hendrik; Klein, Gunnar

    2013-03-01

    Dronedarone is a new antiarrhythmic drug for patients with nonpermanent atrial fibrillation (AF). A relatively consistent finding in all trials studying dronedarone was a moderate but significant elevation of serum creatinine. Since dronedarone competes for the same organic cation transporter in the distal renal tubule with creatinine, serum creatinine and its derived estimated glomerular filtration rate might not reflect true renal function in patients on dronedarone. We therefore investigated alternative markers for renal function in these patients. We prospectively included 20 patients with nonpermanent AF in whom dronedarone 400 mg twice daily was started. Patients had normal renal function and serum creatinine; serum cystatin C and creatinine clearance were measured before treatment and 10 and 90 days after treatment started. Mean serum creatinine level for all 20 patients at baseline (day 0) was 84.55 ± 12.14 and 87.8 ± 17.59 µmol/L on day 10. This slight increase in all patients was not significant. Patients were now divided into the predefined groups of "increased creatinine" (increase in serum creatinine level > 1 standard deviation) and "not increased creatinine." Patients with increased creatinine levels (n = 5) showed a significant elevation of serum creatinine levels from day 0 to day 10 (82.4 ± 9.18 to 104.4 ± 12.74 µmol/L; P = .003), whereas change in serum creatinine levels in the not increased creatinine group (n = 15) was not significant. Serum cystatin C levels remained stable in both of these groups (increased creatinine group: 0.76 ± 0.08 to 0.78 ± 0.08 mg/L; P = .65; not increased creatinine group: 0.77 ± 0.108 to 0.77 ± 0.107 mg/L; P = .906). In conclusion, cystatin C represents an easily available and reliable biomarker for estimation of true renal function in patients on dronedarone treatment.

  20. Occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust and serum cytokine levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Yufei; Ren, Dianzhi; Bassig, Bryan A; Vermeulen, Roel; Hu, Wei; Niu, Yong; Duan, Huawei; Ye, Meng; Meng, Tao; Xu, Jun; Bin, Ping; Shen, Meili; Yang, Jufang; Fu, Wei; Meliefste, Kees; Silverman, Debra; Rothman, Nathaniel; Lan, Qing; Zheng, Yuxin

    2017-10-12

    The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as a human lung carcinogen. Given that inflammation is suspected to be an important underlying mechanism of lung carcinogenesis, we evaluated the relationship between DEE exposure and the inflammatory response using data from a cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study of 41 diesel engine testing workers and 46 unexposed controls. Repeated personal exposure measurements of PM2.5 and other DEE constituents were taken for the diesel engine testing workers before blood collection. Serum levels of six inflammatory biomarkers including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1β, and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 were analyzed in all subjects. Compared to unexposed controls, concentrations of MIP-1β were significantly reduced by ∼37% in DEE exposed workers (P 397 µg/m3 ) compared to unexposed controls. Further, significant inverse exposure-response relationships for IL-8 and MCP-1 were also found in relation to increasing PM2.5 levels among the DEE exposed workers. Given that IL-8, MIP-1β, and MCP-1 are chemokines that play important roles in recruitment of immunocompetent cells for immune defense and tumor cell clearance, the observed lower levels of these markers with increasing PM2.5 exposure may provide insight into the mechanism by which DEE promotes lung cancer. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Structural characterization of thyroglobulin type-1 domains of equistatin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galesa, K.; Pain, R.; Jongsma, M.A.; Turk, V.; Lenarci, B.

    2003-01-01

    Equistatin is a protein composed of three thyroglobulin type-1 domains. It inhibits papain-like cysteine proteinases and the aspartic proteinase, cathepsin D. To determine the structural basis for this inhibition we cloned and expressed the separated domains (eq d-1, eq d-2, eq d-3) in Pichia

  2. DNA polymorph isms in the bovine thyroglobulin gene

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    disease mutation (Ricketts et ai., 1985a; 1985b; 1987). The bovine thyroglobulin gene has recently been localized to chromosome 14, which makes knowledge of RR.,Ps and their frequencies in this gene particularly useful for linkage analysis studies (Threadgillet aI., 1990). lbe DNA from thirty-two Afrikander cattle (the ...

  3. Expression of a functional thyroglobulin fragment in a baculovirus system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Hartog, M. T.; Sijmons, C. C.; Kristel, P. M.; Bakker, O.; de Vijlder, J. J.

    1993-01-01

    The synthesis is described of an N-terminal thyroglobulin (Tg) polypeptide of 27 kDa, which is capable of hormonogenesis, in a baculovirus system. This polypeptide was made using a 657 bp Tg cDNA cloned from human thyroid RNA by a polymerase chain reaction method. The cDNA contained the information

  4. Determination of serum interleukin 33 (IL-33) levels in atopic asthma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study compares serum IL-33 levels in atopic asthma (AA) patients and normal controls to determine serum IL-33 levels. 5 mL of blood were withdrawn from subjects and centrifuged for 5 min at 2000 rpm to obtain the serum and were analyzed for IL-33 using kits. Data entry and analysis were done using SPSS version ...

  5. Effect of radiotherapy on serum mucoprotein level in carcinoma Larynx and Pharynx

    OpenAIRE

    Mali, H. R.; Bhatt, M. L. B.; S.M. Natu; Bhatia, N.

    2001-01-01

    Serum mucoprotein level was determined in 61 individuals including 36 untreated patients of carcinoma Larynx & Pharynx and 25 healthy adults. Patients were treated by standard doses of radiation. Serum mucoprotein was again estimated following therapy. Patients showed a highly significant elevation in serum mucoprotein level as compared to controls (P

  6. Serum homocysteine level in gestational diabetes: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davari Tanha F

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Increased total plasma homocysteine (Hcy is an accepted risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD, stroke, preclampsia, recurrent abortion and diabetes type I and II. The aim of the current study was to assess serum homocysteine and its relation with serum folat, vitamine B12 and lipid profile in gestational diabetes mellitus and to compare these with those of pregnant women."n"n Methods: In a prospective controlled survey 80 pregnant women (24-28 weeks with uncomplicated pregnancies were evaluated. They were assigned to one of two groups according to the results of 100g-OGTT. In the case group there were pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus according to the OGTT and in the control group women who had normal OGTT results were put. Levels of fasting glucose, homocysteine, vit B12, and folic acid, uric acid, total cholesterol, triglyceride, Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL and High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL were measured in both groups."n"nResults: The mean level of homocysteine in GDM group was significantly higher than control group (p=0.000. The mean level of folic acid and vit B12 was significantly lower than the level in control group (p=0.001, p=0.004 respectively. Body

  7. Serum B/sub 12/ levels in iron definiency anemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagan, L.A.; Ohki, Keiichi

    1964-04-23

    As part of its research program to study the late effects of radiation in survivors of the atomic bombs, the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in conjunction with the Japanese National Institute of Health (JNIH), conducts biennial medical examinations on the selected population which comprises the ABCC-JHIN Adult Health Study sample. The patients herein described as Groups 1 and 2 were selected from among those examined in Nagasaki who had had a hemoglobin value of less than 11.0 g/100 ml at examination 2 years previously and who had responded to iron therapy sufficiently to justify a diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia. Almost all were women of child bearing age. The effect of iron therapy on the level of serum B/sub 12/ was investigated. Of 58 patients so studied, 46 showed some rise in post-treatment levels of B/sub 12/. This is evaluated as indicating that gastric secretion of intrinsic factor is depressed in the majority of iron deficient patients.

  8. Elevated serum osteoprotegerin levels in women: friend or foe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasso, Gisela Rodrigues da Silva; Florencio-Silva, Rinaldo; Simões, Ricardo Santos; Baracat, Maria Cândida Pinheiro; Soares Júnior, José Maria; Baracat, Edmund Chada

    2015-01-01

    osteoprotegerin has emerged as a new candidate for the treatment of osteoporosis. However, high levels of osteoprotegerin have been linked to vascular calcification, an independent and well-defined risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. Thus, the action of osteoprotegerin in these situations has been questioned. to evaluate the effect of osteoprotegerin (OPG) on the human body, especially in bone tissue and in vascular diseases. the scientific databases consulted were PubMed-Medline and Cochrane, using keywords (MeSH terms) grouped into the following syntaxes: (Osteoprotegerin OR Osteoclastogenesis Inhibitory Factor OR Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 11b OR Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily, Member 11b OR FDCR-1 Protein OR FDCR 1 Protein OR OCIF Protein OR Follicular Dendritic Cell-Derived Receptor-1) AND (Bones AND Bone OR Bones AND Bone Tissue OR Bones OR Bone Tissue OR Cardiovascular Diseases). Osteoprotegerin is present in various organs and binds to two ligands: nuclear factor kB (RANKL) related to the differentiation of osteoclasts, and tumor necrosis factor related to the apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). OPG inhibits the regulation effects of nuclear factor kB on inflammation and on the skeletal and vascular systems, preventing the apoptosis induced by TRAIL, being related to the preservation of bone tissue. a deeper knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the association between OPG serum levels, bone integrity and cardiovascular disease can provide important data for future therapeutic interventions.

  9. Serum thyrotropin levels following levothyroxine administration at breakfast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Camila Luhm Silva; Araki, Fernanda Sumire; Graf, Hans; de Carvalho, Gisah Amaral

    2013-07-01

    Hypothyroidism is treated with oral levothyroxine. Some patients fail to attain adequate control because of poor compliance. Delaying breakfast to take levothyroxine on an empty stomach can decrease adherence to hypothyroidism treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether administering levothyroxine with breakfast can maintain thyrotropin (TSH) levels in the therapeutic range, without major clinical changes. A prospective, randomized, open-label, crossover study was conducted to compare usual levothyroxine administration while in a fasting state with administration during breakfast. From September 2008 to April 2009, 45 patients with primary hypothyroidism who received levothyroxine were recruited. The patients completed 180 days of the protocol and were randomized to 90 days of each levothyroxine administration regimen (while fasting or with breakfast). Clinical and biochemical analyses were performed at baseline and on days 45, 90, 135, and 180. The primary outcome was TSH level. Forty-two patients completed the protocol. The TSH level was higher for levothyroxine administration with breakfast than while fasting (2.89 vs. 1.9 mIU/L, p=0.028). Uncontrolled hypothyroidism (TSH ≥3.5 mIU/L) occurred regardless of the type of levothyroxine administration (p=0.26). No risk factors were identified for TSH elevation. Levothyroxine administration with breakfast could be an alternative regimen for patients who have adherence difficulties due to the need for delaying intake, and is more likely to cause variability in the TSH level, meaning the patient should be followed more closely. For patients in whom a specific serum TSH goal is important, taking levothyroxine while fasting is recommended.

  10. "ASSOCIATION BETWEEN TOTAL SERUM BILIRUBIN LEVEL AND MANIFESTATIONS OF KERNICTERUS "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Ashrafi M. Sedaghat

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Kernicterus (bilirubin induced encephalopathy is an uncommon disorder with tragic consequences, especially when it affects healthy term and near-term neonates. Appointment of cut off value of total serum bilirubin level that have a safe margin for early prompt treatment, as a result, prevention of kernicterus. In our study, all of icteric neonates that admitted in our center in 1 year were enrolled. From 305 neonates, 25 cases have kernicterus manifestations. These 25 neonates have not any conditions that mimic kernicterus manifestations (such as birth trauma, intra cranial hemorrhage, asphyxia. We divided neonates to 2major groups: neonates 8 days-old. Also these cases were divided to high-risk and low-risk neonates. In this study, 220 neonates (72.1% were ≤ 7days and 85 neonates (27.9% were > 8 days-old. Also 109 neonates (35.7% were or with risk factors and 196 neonates (64.3% were or without risk factors. Risk factors were prematurity, acidosis, hemolysis, duration of hyperbilirubinemia, sepsis and respiratory distress. Cutoff value of bilirubin level for neonates ≤ 7 days was 25.15 mg/dl and for neonates > 8 days was 22.25 mg/dl that no statistically significant difference was found. Cut off value of bilirubin level for high-risk neonates was 22.35 mg/dl and for low-risk neonates was 27.95 mg/dl that statistically significant difference was found. The lower limit of bilirubin in neonates with kernicterus was 16.5 mg/dl and the upper limit was 44 mg/dl. The high-risk neonates need prompt treatment of hyperbilirubinemia at lower levels of total bilirubin compared with low-risk neonates.

  11. SERUM PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN LEVELS IN MEN WITH ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    2004-01-01

    Jan 1, 2004 ... (BPH) are also associated with elevations of serum. PSA(3,4,14). Increases in serum PSA are ... elevation of PSA for upto four weeks(4), only those subjects who had PSA estimation done before the surgical .... penetration, and at PSA > 40ng/ml, most had pelvic node metastases(3). The purpose of ...

  12. Serum paraoxonase activity and lipid hydroperoxide levels in adult ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: It has been suggested that physical activity is an important factor in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Low serum paraoxononase–1 (PON1) activity is with an associated risk of atherosclerotic disease. Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate serum PON1 activity and lipid ...

  13. Diurnal variations of serum erythropoietin at sea level and altitude

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, T; Poulsen, T D; Fogh-Andersen, N

    1996-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that the diurnal variations of serum-erythropoietin concentration (serum-EPO) observed in normoxia also exist in hypoxia. The study also attempted to investigate the regulation of EPO production during sustained hypoxia. Nine subjects were investigated at sea leve...

  14. Effect of radiotherapy on serum mucoprotein level in carcinoma Larynx and Pharynx.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mali, H R; Bhatt, M L; Natu, S M; Bhatia, N

    2001-01-01

    Serum mucoprotein level was determined in 61 individuals including 36 untreated patients of carcinoma Larynx & Pharynx and 25 healthy adults. Patients were treated by standard doses of radiation. Serum mucoprotein was again estimated following therapy. Patients showed a highly significant elevation in serum mucoprotein level as compared to controls (Pmucoprotein. The dose of the radiation also had no relation with the decline in serum mucoprotein after irradiation. The fall in serum mucoprotein level was significantly higher in patients having complete response as compared to partial response (P<0.001), however there was no difference between the patients having partial response or no response.

  15. Serum Biotin Levels in Women Complaining of Hair Loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trüeb, Ralph M

    2016-01-01

    Biotin is a coenzyme for carboxylase enzymes that assist various metabolic reactions involved in fatty acid synthesis, branched-chain amino acid catabolism, and gluconeogenesis important for maintenance of healthy skin and hair. Due to its availability, affordability, and effective marketing for this purpose, biotin is a popular nutritional supplement for treatment of hair loss. However, there are little data on the frequency of biotin deficiency in patients complaining of hair loss and on the value of oral biotin for treatment of hair loss that is not due to an inborn error of biotin metabolism or deficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and significance of biotin deficiency in women complaining of hair loss. Biotin deficiency was found in 38% of women complaining of hair loss. Of those showing diffuse telogen effluvium in trichograms (24%), 35% had evidence of associated seborrheic-like dermatitis. About 11% of patients with biotin deficiency had a positive personal history for risk factors for biotin deficiency. The custom of treating women complaining of hair loss in an indiscriminate manner with oral biotin supplementation is to be rejected, unless biotin deficiency and its significance for the complaint of hair loss in an individual has been demonstrated on the basis of a careful patient history, clinical examination, determination of serum biotin levels, and exclusion of alternative factors responsible for hair loss.

  16. Association between chronic periodontitis and serum lipid levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pejčić Ana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Periodontitis is a local inflammatory process mediating destruction of periodontal tissues triggered by bacterial insult. However, this disease is also characterized by systemic inflammatory host responses that may contrbute, in part, to the recently reported increased risk for systemic diseases, including an altered lipid metabolism. On the other hand, many people in the world are affected by hyperlipidemia, which is a known risk faktor for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between periodontal disease and blood lipid levels. Methods. A total of 50 patients with periodontitis included in this study had no documented history of recent acute coronary events. The healthy, non-periodontal subjects (comparison group comprised 25 subjects. All the patients were periodontology examined and completed a medical history. Dental plaque index, probing depth, gingival index bleeding on probing and clinical attechment levels were recorded. Blood samples were taken on admission for measurements of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, hight density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol. Results. The obtained results showed that mean levels of cholesterol (6.09 ± 1.61 mmol/L, triglycerdes (2.19+1.67mmol/l and LDL cholesterol (4.09 ± 1.40 mmol/L in individuals with periodontitis were higer, and levels od HDL (1.43 ± 0.51 mmol/L was lower than those of individuals without periodontitis (4.86 ± 1.37; 1.14 ± 0.71; 3.18 ± 0.64; 1.53 ± 0.32 mmol/L, respectively. Conclusion. This study confirms a significant relationship between periodontal disease, regardless its intensity, and blood lipid levels in the studied population. The results imply that periodontitis may be a risk factor and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVD. However, future prospective randomized studies have to determine whether

  17. Large discrepancy in the results of sensitive measurements of thyroglobulin antibodies in the follow-up on thyroid cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Birte; Bentzen, Jens; Laurberg, Peter

    2012-01-01

    of patient samples being accepted for evaluating the result of a serum thyroglobulin (s-Tg) measurement. DESIGN: 95 consecutive blood samples drawn from patients in 2006 in one center were selected according to the following criteria: s-Tg test using 50 ng of Tg....... Samples were retested with: (1) DPC IMMULITE 2000 Tg and Tg-Ab, (2) BRAHMS Tg and Tg-Ab on Kryptor, (3) BRAHMS Tg+ and Dynotest anti-Tg, (4) DELFIA hTg and recovery test using 25 ng of Tg, and (5) BRAHMS Tg+ with recovery test using 1 and 50 ng of Tg. RESULTS: The number of patient samples...

  18. [Predictive value of serum aminoterminal type III procollagen peptide levels, serum laminin levels, and liver membrane antibodies for prognosis of chronic hepatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, R

    1989-04-01

    Serum concentration of aminoterminal type III procollagen peptide (P3P) and laminin have been shown as serum markers of liver fibrosis. In addition, liver membrane antibody (LMA) is suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis. However, it is not known whether these serum markers are useful to predict the prognosis of chronic hepatitis. To test this, we measured P3P, laminin, and LMA in sera at the time of liver biopsies in 43 patients with chronic hepatitis who had serial liver biopsies more than two times during the 2-81 months (mean 25 months) follow-up period. Serum contents of P3P and laminin were measured by radioimmunoassay. Serum LMA was measured by radioimmunoassay according to the method of Thomas et al. The histological grading of liver fibrosis and of inflammation were scored according to Histology Activity Index by Knodell et al. Among thirty-two patients who had liver biopsies during 12-55 months, 16 patients showed histological progression on their latest liver biopsies compared with the first biopsies (Group 1). At the first biopsies, serum P3P levels were significantly higher in Group 1 than in 16 patients without histological progression (Group 2) (p less than 0.05). However, no difference were observed in serum laminin levels and in serum LMA between the two groups. Serum laminin levels were significantly correlated with the histological scores of fibrosis (comparison chisq = 0.0089, df = 2, p = 0.995584) and inflammation (comparison chisq = 21.4103, df = 4, p = 0.000263), respectively. In addition, serum P3P levels showed no correlation with the histological scores.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  19. Correlation of serum oestrogen level with duration of post operative analgesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Kumar

    2007-01-01

    The results analysed showed that there was a clinically significant but statistically non significant reduction in 24hr VAS score in Group I& III patients than Group II patients who had a high oestrogen level. A negative correlation between serum oestrogen and mean duration of analgesia further support this, indicating that low serum oestrogen level decreases pain sensitiv-ity and high serum oestrogen level increases pain sensitivity.

  20. Serum vitamin D levels are not altered after controlled diesel ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Past research has suggested that exposure to urban air pollution may be associated with vitamin D deficiency in human populations. Vitamin D is widely known for its importance in bone growth/remodeling, muscle metabolism, and its ability to promote calcium absorption in the gut; deficiency in vitamin D results in the development of rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. In the current study, we assessed whether vitamin D levels are altered under controlled exposures to a commonly measured urban air pollutant, diesel. For this study, we exposed 12 healthy volunteers to clean air and diesel exhaust (300 μg/m3) for 2 hours while undergoing intermittent exercise. Venous blood was collected before, 0 hrs post-, and 18 hrs post-exposure, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was measured in the serum. The average baseline value of 25(OH)D (mean ± standard error) was 22.9 ± 2.5 ng/mL. Four subject’s baseline values were vitamin D deficient (30 ng/mL). Additionally, there was no significant change in the baseline values between the clean air and diesel exposures (paired t-test, p = 0.54), suggesting minimal variability in 25(OH)D over the experiment's time course. Small inductions in 25(OH)D were found following clean air exposures (12.5 ± 4.9% and a 7.1 ± 5.0% for 0 hrs post- and 18 hrs post-exposure values compared to baseline, respectively). Minimal changes in 25(OH)D were observed following diesel exhaust exposures 0 hrs (3.5 ± 5.2%) and 18 hrs followin

  1. Antibody and cytokine serum levels in patients subjected to anti-rabies prophylaxis with serum-vaccination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Ayres

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Rabies is considered a fatal disease once clinical symptoms have developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate epidemiological aspects and immune response in patients attacked by domestic and wild animals and subjected to post-exposure rabies treatment with equine serum and associated vaccine. Thirty-three patients were evaluated; they were between 13 and 65 years old, 75.8% were male and 24.2% female, and from the Botucatu neighborhood. Twenty healthy control individuals with the same age range were also studied. Specific antibodies to equine immunoglobulins and IFN-gamma, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10 production were evaluated by ELISA. IgM, IgE, IgG and subclasses, and rabies virus antibodies serum levels were determined by nephelometry and seroneutralization methods, respectively. No anaphylactic or serum sickness allergic reactions were observed in patients after treatment. Anti-equine IgG levels were significantly higher than those of IgM after 14 and 28 days of treatment. Protective antibodies to rabies virus > 0.5 UI/ml were detected in 84.6% and 75% of patients at days 14 and 28, respectively. IFN-gamma, IL-2 and IL-10 levels in patients before and 48h after treatment were significantly higher than in controls suggesting that both Th1 and Th2 cells were activated in the patients. Serum IgM levels were higher at day 14, and IgG2 and IgE levels were higher at day 28 of treatment. These results suggest that post-exposure rabies treatment in humans induces significant alterations in patient immune response characterized by increased levels of cytokines, serum levels of specific rabies virus antibodies, and the equine serum components employed in the treatment.

  2. Serum Macromineral Levels in Estrual, Fertile, Subfertile and Pregnant Mares Kept Under Two Different Managemental Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farah Ali*, L. A. Lodhi, Z. I. Qureshi and M. Younis

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted on 300 mares kept under one of the two managemental conditions: field (individual management and farm (organizational management. Mares were categorized as estrual, fertile, subfertile or pregnant. Any possible relationship between fertility and serum levels of sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and calcium was investigated. The serum sodium level differed significantly (P<0.05 among all groups of mares at both conditions, with pregnant mares having the highest and subfertile the lowest levels. Also, independent of the condition, the pregnant mares had significantly higher (P<0.05 serum potassium levels compared with subfertile ones. Serum calcium levels were significantly higher in estrual mares when compared with those of pregnant mares under farm management or subfertile mares under field conditions. In each group, mares kept under farm management had significantly higher serum magnesium levels but significantly lower serum calcium levels than those of mares kept under field. In estrual group, mares raised under field condition had significantly higher serum phosphorus levels. These results sufficiently provide the foundation for more rigorous and controlled studies to establish a firm basis for fertility versus serum-mineral-profile relationship. Moreover, due to marginally adequate serum mineral levels in mares kept under both managements, supplementation with mineral mixture was recommended for optimum fertility.

  3. Evaluation of phenytoin serum levels following a loading dose in the acute hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selioutski, Olga; Grzesik, Katherine; Vasilyeva, Olga N; Hilmarsson, Ágúst; Fessler, A James; Liu, Lynn; Gross, Robert A

    2017-11-01

    Due to the complex pharmacokinetic profiles of phenytoin (PHT) and fosphenytoin (FOS), achieving sustained, targeted serum PHT levels in the first day of use is challenging. A population based approach was used to analyze total serum PHT (tPHT) level within 2-24h of PHT/FOS loading with or without supplementary maintenance or additional loading doses among PHT-naïve patients in the acute hospital setting. Adequate tPHT serum level was defined as ≥20μg/mL. Among 494 patients with 545 tPHT serum levels obtained in the first 2-24h after the loading dose (LD), tPHT serum levels of either serum level of ≥20μg/mL even within the first 6h of treatment. For the 393 available concomitant free and total serum PHT levels, correlation was weak, r=0.36. Close laboratory surveillance and PHT/FOS dose adjustments are recommended to ensure adequate and sustained tPHT serum levels early in treatment. Free serum PHT level is the preferred method of drug monitoring. Copyright © 2017 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Serum trace metal levels in Alzheimer's disease and normal control groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jun-Hyun; Lee, Dong-Woo; Park, Kyung Su; Joung, Hyojee

    2014-02-01

    To determine whether serum trace metals are related to abnormal cognition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We studied serum lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and arsenic(As) in 89 patients with AD and in 118 cognitively normal individuals. We analyzed the results of the blood tests and the food intake. Serum Pb levels correlated with word list recall (P = .039) and word list recognition (P = .037). Without age adjustment, serum Cd levels (P = .044) were significantly higher in the AD group. After stratified age adjustment, the levels of selected trace metals did not differ significantly between AD and normal individuals. Food intakes regarding selected trace metals were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In this study, serum Pb, Cd, Hg, and As levels were not directly related to abnormal cognition in AD. Serum Pb levels were significantly negatively correlated with verbal memory scores.

  5. Kinetics and equilibrium in the immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) of thyroglobuline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Gomez, J; Moreno Frigols, J L

    2002-01-01

    This paper studies the kinetics of the thyroglobuline reaction with its specific antibody immobilised on the inner wall of the reaction tube, and the subsequent binding of the immunocomplex formed with a second 125I-labelled antibody. These reactions are used in the immunoradiometric determination of thyroglobuline. Independent variables were analyte and labelled antibody, temperature, viscosity, and the medium's ionic strength. For the global process, mono-exponential kinetics were found to be dependent on the concentrations, such dependence fitting with the models discussed in the paper. Viscosity results clearly indicate its negative influence on the direct reaction rate. Ionic strength shows noticeable, but not too relevant, effects, which suggests that the variation caused by the glycerol addition is not due to the influence of the dielectric constant of the solutions used. The effect of temperature shows activation parameters similar to the viscous flow energy of water, which suggests diffusion control for the global process.

  6. Production of interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-10 accompanies T helper cell type 1 (Th1) cytokine responses to a major thyroid self-antigen, thyroglobulin, in health and autoimmune thyroid disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Claus H; Hegedüs, L; Rieneck, Klaus

    2007-01-01

    mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), Graves' disease (GD) and healthy controls, upon exposure to a thyroid self-antigen, human thyroglobulin (Tg), in the presence of autologous serum. Initially, TNF-alpha and IL-2 were produced in all three groups, accompanied by IL-10...

  7. Effects of molecular structural variants on serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 levels in sarcoidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shigemura Masahiko

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6, which is classified as human mucin-1 (MUC1, is used as a marker of sarcoidosis and other interstitial lung diseases. However, there remain some limitations due to a lack of information on the factors contributing to increased levels of serum KL-6. This study was designed to investigate the factors contributing to increased levels of serum KL-6 by molecular analysis. Methods Western blot analysis using anti-KL-6 antibody was performed simultaneously on the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF and serum obtained from 128 subjects with sarcoidosis. Results KL-6/MUC1 in BALF showed three bands and five band patterns. These band patterns were associated with the MUC1 genotype and the KL-6 levels. KL-6/MUC1 band patterns in serum were dependent on molecular size class in BALF. Significantly increased levels of serum KL-6, serum/BALF KL-6 ratio and serum soluble interleukin 2 receptor were observed in the subjects with influx of high molecular size KL-6/MUC1 from the alveoli to blood circulation. The multivariate linear regression analysis involving potentially relevant variables such as age, gender, smoking status, lung parenchymal involvement based on radiographical stage and molecular size of KL-6/MUC1 in serum showed that the molecular size of KL-6/MUC1 in serum was significant independent determinant of serum KL-6 levels. Conclusions The molecular structural variants of KL-6/MUC1 and its leakage behavior affect serum levels of KL-6 in sarcoidosis. This information may assist in the interpretation of serum KL-6 levels in sarcoidosis.

  8. Natural autoantibodies and complement promote the uptake of a self antigen, human thyroglobulin, by B cells and the proliferation of thyroglobulin-reactive CD4(+) T cells in healthy individuals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, C H; Leslie, R G; Jepsen, B S

    2001-01-01

    was strongly inhibited by complement inactivation and by immunoabsorption of Tg-reactive antibodies. Furthermore, this T cell response was abrogated by depletion of B cells from the PBMC culture. These data imply that uptake of complement-opsonized Tg / anti-Tg complexes and subsequent presentation of Tg by B......Serum from normal individuals contains substantial amounts of natural antibodies (NA) capable of recognizing self antigens. However, the physiological implications of this autoreactivity remain unclear. We have examined the role of self-reactive NA and complement in mediating the uptake of human...... thyroglobulin (Tg) by human peripheral B cells in reconstituted whole blood. Significant binding of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated-Tg to B cells was observed, and absorption of Tg-reactive antibodies from serum markedly reduced this uptake, as did inactivation of serum complement or blockade...

  9. Lower Serum Paraoxonase-1 Activity Is Related to Higher Serum Amyloid A Levels in Metabolic Syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kappelle, Paul Jan Willem Herman; Bijzet, Johan; Hazenberg, Bouke Pier; Dullaart, Robin Pieter Frank

    Background and Aims. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) contain the anti-oxidative enzyme, paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), which is important for atheroprotection. The acute phase reactant, serum amyloid A (SAA), an HDL-associated apolipoprotein, may impair PON-1 activity, whereas SAA and PON-1 are reciprocally

  10. Prognostic Value of Preoperative Serum Levels of Periostin (PN) in Early Breast Cancer (BCa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuzzo, Pier Vitale; Rubagotti, Alessandra; Argellati, Francesca; Di Meglio, Antonio; Zanardi, Elisa; Zinoli, Linda; Comite, Paola; Mussap, Michele; Boccardo, Francesco

    2015-07-28

    PN is a secreted cell adhesion protein critical for carcinogenesis. Elevated serum levels of PN have been implicated as playing an important role in different types of cancer, and a few reports suggest a potential role as a prognostic marker. We evaluated the prognostic significance of preoperative serum PN concentration in patients with BCa receiving curative surgery. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was performed to determine the preoperative serum PN level in 182 patients. The correlations between serum PN concentration with clinical pathological features and PN expression in primary tumor samples were analyzed. The prognostic impact of serum PN levels with all-cause and BCa-specific mortality was also investigated. Appropriate statistics were used. Elevated serum PN levels were significantly associated with patient age (p = 0.005), adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status (p = 0.02). No correlation between PN preoperative serum levels and other clinical-pathological parameters, including either the epithelial or the stromal PN expression of primary tumor or the combination of the two, was found. Similarly, no association between serum PN levels and either all-cause or BCa-specific mortality was found. However, subgroup analysis revealed a correlation between higher PN serum levels and all-cause mortality in patients with node-negative disease (p = 0.05) and in those with a low PgR expression (p = 0.03). Higher levels of serum PN were also found to correlate with BCa-specific mortality in the subgroup of patients who did not receive any adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that PN was detectable in the serum of early BCa patients before surgery and increased base-line serum levels predicted worse long-term survival outcomes in specific subgroups of patients.

  11. Prognostic Value of Preoperative Serum Levels of Periostin (PN in Early Breast Cancer (BCa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pier Vitale Nuzzo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available PN is a secreted cell adhesion protein critical for carcinogenesis. Elevated serum levels of PN have been implicated as playing an important role in different types of cancer, and a few reports suggest a potential role as a prognostic marker. We evaluated the prognostic significance of preoperative serum PN concentration in patients with BCa receiving curative surgery. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA was performed to determine the preoperative serum PN level in 182 patients. The correlations between serum PN concentration with clinical pathological features and PN expression in primary tumor samples were analyzed. The prognostic impact of serum PN levels with all-cause and BCa-specific mortality was also investigated. Appropriate statistics were used. Elevated serum PN levels were significantly associated with patient age (p = 0.005, adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04 and progesterone receptor (PgR status (p = 0.02. No correlation between PN preoperative serum levels and other clinical-pathological parameters, including either the epithelial or the stromal PN expression of primary tumor or the combination of the two, was found. Similarly, no association between serum PN levels and either all-cause or BCa-specific mortality was found. However, subgroup analysis revealed a correlation between higher PN serum levels and all-cause mortality in patients with node-negative disease (p = 0.05 and in those with a low PgR expression (p = 0.03. Higher levels of serum PN were also found to correlate with BCa-specific mortality in the subgroup of patients who did not receive any adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04. Our findings suggest that PN was detectable in the serum of early BCa patients before surgery and increased base-line serum levels predicted worse long-term survival outcomes in specific subgroups of patients.

  12. High serum YKL-40 level after surgery for colorectal carcinoma is related to short survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cintin, Christina; Johansen, Julia S; Christensen, Ib Jarle

    2002-01-01

    carcinoma are associated with a significantly poorer prognosis compared to patients with normal serum YKL-40. In the current study the authors evaluated the value of serum YKL-40 in monitoring patients with colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: YKL-40 was determined by an in-house radioimmunoassay method in serum...... died. RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 was significantly decreased in the first postoperative blood sample in 62% of patients with high preoperative levels. In addition, patients with high serum YKL-40 (adjusted for age) six months after curative operation had significantly shorter survival times (P = 0...... that patients exhibiting elevated serum YKL-40 had an increased hazard for death within the following six months compared to those patients with normal serum YKL-40 level (hazard ratio [HR] = 9.6, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.0-15.5, P

  13. Transient decreased retinol serum levels in children with pneumonia and acute phase response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Kellen C K; Cunha, Daniel F; Jordão, Alceu A; Weffort, Virgínia R S; Cunha, Selma F C

    2011-01-01

    To compare serum retinol levels in preschool children during an episode of pneumonia and 45 days after the resolution of the infection. The study was conducted with preschool children without any infection (control group, n = 9) or children hospitalized for pneumonia (n = 12), who were evaluated soon after hospitalization (phase 1) and 45 days later (phase 2). Nutritional assessment included anthropometric measurements, a food questionnaire, and laboratory blood routine examination, including urinary and serum retinol levels. Paired Student t or Mann-Whitney tests were used as required. Food intake was similar between groups. Blood hemoglobin and serum sodium and albumin decreased during phase 1, while there were higher C-reactive protein serum values. Urinary retinol levels remained unchanged whereas serum retinol increased significantly after pneumonia recovery. During the course of pneumonia, children had transient decrease in serum levels of vitamin A, an epiphenomenon of the acute phase response.

  14. Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP as prognostic markers in patients with alcoholic liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nøjgaard, Camilla; Johansen, Julia S; Christensen, Erik

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: YKL-40 (growth factor) and PIIINP (N-terminal propeptide of Type III procollagen) are potential markers of liver fibrosis. The aim was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum YKL-40 and PIIINP levels in patients with alcoholic liver disease. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy...... patients with alcoholic liver disease were studied in a trial of malotilate with a median follow-up period of 470 days; 75 patients died; 336 patients had a liver biopsy on entry. Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA). RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 and PIIINP were elevated...... in the patients compared to controls. Patients with steatosis or no fibrosis had the lowest serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP, whereas patients with alcoholic hepatitis and/or cirrhosis had the highest levels. Serum YKL-40 was associated with the presence of fibrosis, and serum PIIINP was also associated...

  15. The relationship between solar UV exposure, serum vitamin D levels and serum prostate-specific antigen levels, in men from New South Wales, Australia: the CHAMP study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair-Shalliker, Visalini; Smith, David P; Clements, Mark; Naganathan, Vasikaran; Litchfield, Melisa; Waite, Louise; Handelsman, David; Seibel, Markus J; Cumming, Robert; Armstrong, Bruce K

    2014-10-01

    We aim to determine the relationship between season, personal solar UV exposure, serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Questionnaire data and blood samples were collected at baseline from participants of the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (n = 1,705), aged 70 and above. They were grouped as men 'free of prostate disease' for those with no record of having prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or prostatitis and with serum PSA levels below 20 ng/mL, and 'with prostate disease' for those with a record of either of these diseases or with serum PSA levels 20 ng/mL or above. Personal solar UV exposure (sUV) was estimated from recalled hours of outdoor exposure and weighted against ambient solar UV radiation. Sera were analysed to determine levels of PSA, 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D, and analysed using multiple regression, adjusting for age, BMI and region of birth. The association between sUV and serum PSA levels was conditional upon season (p interaction = 0.04). There was no direct association between serum PSA and 25(OH)D in both groups of men. There was a positive association between serum PSA and 1,25(OH)2D in men with prostate disease (mean = 110.6 pmol/L; p heterogeneity = 0.03), but there was no such association in men free of prostate disease (mean = 109.3 pmol/L; p heterogeneity = 0.8). The association between PSA and sUV may only be evident at low solar UV irradiance, and this effect may be independent of serum vitamin D levels.

  16. Correlation between Levels of Serum Amylase, Lipase and Triglyceride in Acute Pancreatitis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunalan Govindarajan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of pancreas associated with reversible pancreatic parenchymal injury. Studies in several countries indicate that the levels of amylase and lipase are usually elevated among patients with acute pancreatitis. Furthermore, hyperlipidemia, mainly high levels of triglycerides, may present in acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of serum amylase and lipase as well as their correlation with serum triglyceride level in acute pancreatitis patients. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on medical records of 48 acute pancreatitis patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia from 2007to 2011. Data collected from the medical records were age, sex, levels of serum amylase, lipase and triglyceride. The distribution of data was determined using Shapiro-Wilk test. The correlation between serum pancreatic enzyme and triglyceride was analyzed using Spearman-rank test. Results: Most patients had increased levels of serum amylase and lipase in this study. However, no correlation between serum amylase and triglyceride (p-value = 0.312 was found. Furthermore, there was no correlation between serum lipase and triglyceride (p-value = 0.241. Conclusions: The levels of serum amylase and lipase increase in most patients with acute pancreatitis with no significant correlation between serum pancreatic enzymes (amylase and lipase and triglyceride.

  17. Association Between Serum Levels of Uric Acid and Blood Pressure Tracking in Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Bohyun; Lee, Hye Ah; Lee, Sung Hee; Park, Bo Mi; Park, Eun Ae; Kim, Hae Soon; Cho, Su Jin; Park, Hyesook

    2017-07-01

    Recent studies suggest that high levels of serum uric acid of very early life are a result of the in-utero environment and may lead to elevated blood pressure (BP) in adulthood. However, serum uric acid levels can change throughout life. We investigated the effect of serum uric acid levels in childhood on the BP tracking and analysed BP according to changes in serum uric acid levels in early life. A total of 449 children from the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort study underwent at least 2 follow-up examinations. Data were collected across 3 check-up cycles. Serum uric acid levels, BP, and anthropometric characteristics were assessed at 3, 5, and 7 years of age. Children with a serum uric acid level higher than the median values had significantly increased systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP at 3 years of age. Baseline serum uric acid levels measured at 3 years of age, significantly affected subsequent BP in the sex and body mass index adjusted longitudinal data analysis (P uric acid over time, subjects with high uric acid levels at both 3 and 5 years of age had the highest SBP at 7 years of age. These findings suggest the importance of maintaining an adequate level of serum uric acids from the early life. Appropriate monitoring and intervention of uric acid levels in a high-risk group can reduce the risk of a future increased BP.

  18. Effect of Camel Milk's Supplementation on Serum Glucose Levels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry, 20: 470. Arkkila, P.E., Koskinen, P.J. and Kantola, I.M. (2001). Diabetic complications are associated with liver enzyme activities in people with type I diabetes. Diabetes. Research Clinical Practice, 52: 113-. 118. Balku, B., Hu, G., Qiao, Q., Tuomilehto, J., ...

  19. Serum Uric Acid Levels among Nigerians with Essential Hypertension

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    olayemitoyin

    City, 2Department of Chemical Pathology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano. 3Department of Medicine,. Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano. Summary: There is an ongoing debate on the role of serum uric acid as an independent risk factor for hypertension and renal disease. This study determined ...

  20. Relationship between Serum Testosterone Levels and Features of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: There are increasing reports on the association between the testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) and increased risk of development of the metabolic syndrome – a well recognized cardiovascular risk factor in men with diabetes mellitus. Objective: To determine the relationship between serum testosterone ...

  1. lowered serum triglyceride levels among chronic hepatitis b-infected

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    ABSTRACT. Dyslipidemia is a common finding in most studies of liver diseases. Little is however known about the effect of the two pathological stages of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection – chronic- symptomatic and asymptomatic – on the distribution of serum lipids in CHB infection. We con- ducted a study on ...

  2. Serum prostate specific antigen levels in men with benign prostatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of the PSA test at the conventional cut-off value of 4 ng/ml. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Nairobi Hospital Laboratory, Nairobi. Data Source: Results of serum Prostate specific Antigen (PSA), estimation and prostate histology specimens at ...

  3. Effect of Camel Milk's Supplementation on Serum Glucose Levels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cases of diabetes are on the rise in almost every population and epidemiological studies suggest that without proper prevention and control measures, prevalence of the disease will continue to increase globally. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of camel milk supplementation on serum glucose, lipid ...

  4. Comparative study of serum lipid levels in normotensive and pre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McRoy

    2014-07-26

    Jul 26, 2014 ... Background: Pre-eclampsia is a common syndrome that occurs in the second half of pregnancy and often manifest with ... eclampsia. Key Words: Serum lipids, hypertension, pre-eclampsia, normotensive women, Nigerian women ..... Treatment, 9th Ed. 2003;338-353. 6. Kashope D. Plasma triglyceride and.

  5. Genetic and environmental influences of surfactant protein D serum levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sorensen, G.L.; Hjelmborg, J.V.; Kyvik, K.O.

    2006-01-01

    The collectin surfactant protein D (SP-D) is an important component of the pulmonary innate immune system, but SP-D is also present on extrapulmonary epithelial surfaces and in serum, where it has been used as a biomarker for pulmonary disease states. In this study, we investigate the mechanisms ...

  6. Serum paraoxonase activity and lipid hydroperoxide levels in adult ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EB

    2013-09-03

    Sep 3, 2013 ... Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey. Abstract. Background: It has been suggested ... The major source of ROS is thought to be the mitochondria of active working muscles2. ... To the best of our knowledge, the serum. PON1 activity and lipid ...

  7. Serum total protein, albumin and globulin levels in Trypanosoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effect of orally administered Scoparia dulcis on Trypanosoma brucei-induced changes in serum total protein, albumin and globulin were investigated in rabbits over a period of twenty eight days. Results obtained show that infection resulted in hyperproteinaemia, hyperglobulinaemia and hypoalbuminaemia. However ...

  8. Evaluation of Serum Calcium and Inorganic Phosphate Levels in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum samples were analysed for calcium and inorganic phosphate using titrimetric and colorimetric methods respectively. Our result revealed a steady decrease in calcium from first trimester to lactating period with statistically significant values in second and third trimesters, and lactation (P<0.05) when compared with ...

  9. Comparisons of serum sclerostin levels among patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, primary hyperparathyroidism and osteomalacia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaji, H; Imanishi, Y; Sugimoto, T; Seino, S

    2011-07-01

    Wnt-β-catenin signaling is important for bone formation. Sclerostin inhibits bone formation mainly by suppressing this signal, and several studies suggest that the suppression of sclerostin expression contributes to the bone anabolic action of parathyroid hormone (PTH). We therefore examined serum sclerostin levels using enzyme-linked immunosolvent assay in 18 patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, 9 postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and 7 patients with osteomalacia. Serum levels of sclerostin were significantly lower in the group with pHPT, compared with those with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Moreover, serum sclerostin levels were significantly lower in the group with tumor-induced osteomalacia, but not in the group with osteomalacia without tumor, compared with those with postmenopausal osteoporosis. In patients with pHPT, serum sclerostin levels were significantly and negatively correlated to serum calcium and PTH levels. In patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, serum levels of sclerostin levels were significantly and positively related to serum calcium and creatinine levels. In conclusion, we showed that serum sclerostin levels are decreased presumably through endogenous PTH elevation in postmenopausal women with pHPT, compared with the patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. © J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Relation of Serum Leptin and Adiponectin Level to Serum C-Reactive Protein: The INTERLIPID Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyuki Nakamura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Despite considerable study, the relevance of leptin and adiponectin for atherosclerosis development is still unsettled. We investigated relations of serum leptin and adiponectin to serum C-reactive protein (CRP, using the INTERLIPID dataset on Japanese emigrants living in Hawaii and Japanese in Japan. Design and Methods. Serum leptin, adiponectin, and CRP were measured by standardized methods in men and women of ages 40 to 59 years from two population samples, one Japanese-American in Hawaii (83 men, 89 women and the other Japanese in central Japan (111 men, 104 women. Participants with CRP >10 mg/L were excluded. Results. Sex-specific multiple linear regression analyses, with log-transformed leptin and adiponectin (log-leptin, log-adipo, site (Hawaii = 1, Japan = 0, SBP, HbA1c, smoking (cigarettes/day, and physical activity index score of the Framingham Offspring Study as covariates, showed that log-leptin directly related and log-adipo inversely related to log-CRP for both sexes (Ps < 0.05 to <0.01. Addition to the model of BMI and interaction terms (BMI × log-leptin, BMI × log-adipo, SITE × log-leptin, SITE × log-adipo resulted in disappearance of statistical significance except for direct relation of log-leptin to log-CRP in men (P=0.006. Conclusions. Leptin directly related to CRP independent of BMI and other confounding factors in men but not in women.

  11. Serum levels of interleukin-6 are not elevated in patients with Alzheimer's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.M. van Duijn (Cornelia); L. Nagelkerken; A. Hofman (Albert)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractSerum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined in 97 patients with clinically diagnosed Alzheimer's disease and 79 age- and sex-matched control subject. Median serum levels of IL-6 did not differ significantly between Alzheimer patients (8.6 U/ml) and controls (8.2 U/ml). Median

  12. Serum levels of lead and copper in a group of Egyptian children with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum levels of lead and copper in a group of Egyptian children with bronchial asthma. ... Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (The) ... Objective: Our study aims to investigate the serum levels of copper and lead in asthmatic children in correlation to disease severity to anticipate their role as oxidant ...

  13. ORIGIN OF RAISED MATERNAL SERUM ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN LEVELS IN 2ND-TRIMESTER OLIGOHYDRAMNIOS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    LOS, FJ; BEEKHUIS, [No Value; MARRINK, J; HAGENAARS, AM; REUSS, A; SACHS, ES; JAHODA, MGJ; WLADIMIROFF, JW

    Concanavalin A (Con A) subtyping of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) revealed higher concentrations of AFP non-reactive with Con A in sera of 12 pregnant women with second-trimester oligohydramnios and raised total serum AFP levels than in sera of 42 pregnant women with raised total serum AFP levels and a

  14. Serum Zinc Levels of Healthy Nigerian Infants in the First Six Months ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To establish the serum zinc levels in Nigerian children in the first six months of lactation. Materials and methods: This was a cross sectional study. Serum zinc levels were assessed in 120 healthy breast fed infants in the first six months of lactation. Atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used for the analysis.

  15. Serum glucose and lipid levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum glucose and lipid levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats following oral administration of Aloe Barbadensis miller juice extract. ... of action of the extract will need further elucidation. Keywords: serum glucose and lipid levels, alloxanised diabetic rats, aloe vera juice extract. The Tropical Journal of Health Sciences Vol.

  16. Serum Vitamin A and Zinc Levels of Some Preschool Children in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum levels of vitamin A (VA) and zinc of sixty-one randomly selected preschool children aged 4 to 60 months from Sokoto in the Northwestern Nigeria were investigated. The serum VA was assayed spectrophotometrically by ultraviolet irradiation method while Zn level was determined using atomic absorption ...

  17. Effects of serum uric acid levels on the arginase pathway in women with metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uslu, S; Ozcelik, E; Kebapci, N; Temel, H E; Demirci, F; Ergun, B; Demirustu, C

    2016-02-01

    Elevated serum uric acid levels and increased arginase activity are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of serum uric acid levels on the arginase pathway in women with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Serum arginase activity, and nitrite and uric acid levels were measured in 48 women with MetS and in 20 healthy controls. The correlation of these parameters with components of MetS was also evaluated. Our data show statistically higher arginase activity and uric acid levels but lower nitrite levels in women with MetS compared to controls. Serum uric acid levels were negatively correlated with HDL cholesterol, nitrite levels and positively with Body Mass Index, waist to hip ratio, triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, systolic blood pressure, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance-Index, serum arginase activity, and LDL-cholesterol levels in women with MetS. Results of the present study suggest that serum uric acid levels may contribute to the pathogenesis of MetS through a process mediated by arginase pathway, and serum arginase activity and nitrite and uric acid levels can be used as indicators of CVD in women with MetS.

  18. Higher Serum Levels of Free ĸ plus λ Immunoglobulin Light Chains Ameliorate Survival of Hemodialysis Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thilo, Florian; Caspari, Christina; Scholze, Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    Background/Aims: Impaired immune function is common in patients with chronic renal failure. Now, we determined whether serum levels of free immunoglobulin light chains predict mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 on hemodialysis. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study...... of 160 hemodialysis patients with a median follow-up of 15 months (interquartile range, 3-44 months). Serum levels of free κ and λ immunoglobulin light chains were measured at the start of the study. The primary end point was mortality from any cause. Results: In survivors, median serum levels of free κ....../l (χ(2) = 5.91; p = 0.015 by log-rank, Mantel-Cox, test). We performed univariate and multivariate regression analysis showing that older age and lower serum levels of free κ plus λ immunoglobulin light chains predicted mortality in hemodialysis patients. Conclusion: Higher serum levels of free κ plus...

  19. IgD serum levels are influenced by HLA-DR phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lio, D; Candore, G; Colucci, A T; Modica, M A; Caruso, C

    1992-01-01

    In the present paper we have evaluated IgD serum levels of 84 randomly selected HLA-typed healthy Sicilians. The values were analysed according to age, sex and HLA-DR phenotypes. No correlation between age and IgD serum levels was found in our population since all subjects were in a narrow age range. Furthermore, no significant association was found between IgD serum levels and gender of studied subjects. The evaluation of IgD serum levels according to HLA-DR phenotypes revealed that HLA-DR1 positive subjects displayed significantly higher values. These results are in agreement with previous reports showing that HLA phenotypes may be involved in the control of serum immunoglobulin levels. Furthermore, present data strengthen our suggestion that HLA-DR1 phenotype is related to the 'high responder' immunological profile.

  20. Thrombospondin-1 serum levels do not correlate with pelvic pain in patients with ovarian endometriosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manero Manuel

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objetive Thrombospondin-1 serum levels is correlate with pelvic pain in patients with ovarian endometriosis. Patients Thrombospondin-1 serum levels were prospectively analysed in 51 patients (group A asymptomatic patients or patients presenting mild dysmenorrhea and women comprised group B severe dysmenorrhea and/or chronic pelvic pain and/or dyspareunia who underwent surgery for cystic ovarian endometriosis to asses whether a correlation exists among thrombospondin-1 serum levels and pelvic pain. Results From 56 patients, five cases were ultimateley excluded, because the histological diagnosis was other than cystic ovarian endometriosis (2 teratomas and 3 haemorragic cysts. The mean thrombospondin-1 serum levels in group A was 256,69 pg/ml_+37,07 and in group B was 291,41 pg/ml + 35,59. Conclusion Pain symptoms in ovarian endometriosis is not correlated with thrombospondin-1 serum levels.

  1. Serum Resistin Levels May Contribute to an Increased Risk of Acute Cerebral Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Xiao-Liu; Xu, Shi-Jun; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Xiu-Qing; Liu, Ting; Gao, Qiu-Yan; Qian, Qing-Qiang; Sun, Bao-Liang; Yang, Ming-Feng

    2017-04-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the association between serum resistin levels and acute cerebral infarction (ACI). PubMed, SpringerLink, Wiley, EBSCO, Ovid, Web of Science, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP databases (last updated search in October 2014) were exhaustively searched, and data from the eligible studies were extracted and analyzed to assess the association between serum resistin levels and ACI. STATA software (version 12.0, Stata Corporation, College Station, TX, USA) was utilized for data analysis. Ten studies including 1829 ACI patients and 1557 healthy controls were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Our major result revealed that ACI patients exhibited higher serum resistin levels compared with healthy controls. Asubgroup analysis based on ethnicity showed a significant association between serum resistin levels and ACI in Asians, but surprisingly not in Caucasians. The results of our meta-analysis suggest that serum resistin levels are associated with an increased risk of ACI.

  2. Serum homocysteine, vitamin B 12 and folic acid levels in different types of glaucoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahin Semsettin

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study was performed to compare levels of serum homocysteine (Hcy, vitamin B12 and folic acid in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEXG, normotensive glaucoma (NTG and healthy controls. Methods Twentyfive patients with POAG, 24 with PEXG, and 18 with NTG, along with 19 control healthy subjects were included this prospective study. Levels of serum Hcy were measured using immunoassay, and those of serum vitamin B12 and folic acid were measured using competitive chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay. Results The mean Hcy concentration in the PEXG group was significantly higher (P 0.05. There were no statistical differences in serum vitamin B12 levels among POAG, PEXG, NTG and control subjects (P > 0.05. The mean serum folic acid level was significantly lower in the subjects with PEXG (P 0.05. Conclusion Elevated levels of Hcy in PEXG may explain the role of endothelial dysfunction among patients with PEXG.

  3. The relationship between serum ferritin levels and serum lipids and HDL function with respect to age and gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamit Yasar Ellidag

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Elevated serum ferritin (SFer levels have been associated with chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus type 2. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between SFer levels and serum lipid parameters, and how this relation changes in terms of age and gender. Additionally, we investigated a possible relationship between SFer levels and high-density lipoprotein (HDL function. SFer levels and lipid panel (total cholesterol (TC, triglyceride (TG, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C and HDL-C of 4205 people (3139 women, 1066 men were examined retrospectively. Study population was classified according to age and gender. Separately, 100 subjects (52 women, 48 men were randomly recruited to investigate the relation between SFer levels, and HDL dependent paraoxonase-1 (PON1 and arylesterase (ARE activities. In all age groups, women’s SFer levels were found to be significantly lower and HDL-C levels significantly higher compared to men. In the 50-70 ages range, TC and LDL-C levels of women were found to be significantly higher than those of men (P < 0.01. SFer levels tended to increase with age in women. Correlation analyses revealed a negative correlation between levels of SFer and HDL-C, while positive correlations existed between levels of SFer, and TC, TG and LDL-C. There was no significant correlation between SFer levels and PON1 or ARE activities. The finding that increased SFer levels are accompanied by increased serum TC, TG and LDL-C levels may help us to explain the increased risk of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.

  4. A population study of fasting time and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Cheryl K; Guo, Maggie; Viczko, Jeannine A; Naugler, Christopher T

    2014-01-01

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Traditional screening and diagnostic methods include digital rectal examinations (DREs), biopsies and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, with the latter being the more popular. PSA is a biomarker for prostate cancer; however, it is highly sensitive to external factors as well as other prostate diseases. As such, the reliability of of the serum PSA level as a sole screening and diagnostic tool for prostate cancer is controversial. Recently, it has been shown that fasting extremes can affect concentrations of serum chemistry analytes, thus raising the question of whether or not fasting has an effect on the highly sensitive PSA biomarker. Patients testing for serum PSA levels are often concomitantly submitting to other tests that require fasting, subjecting certain patients to a fasting PSA level while others not. The objective of this study was to investigate whether this discrepancy in fasting state translates into an effect on serum PSA levels. Serum PSA levels and fasting time records for 157 276 men who underwent testing at Calgary Laboratory Services (CLS; Calgary, Alberta, Canada) between 01 January 2010 and 31 March 2013 were accessed. Linear regression models of mean PSA levels and fasting times revealed a statistically important relationship at certain fasting times. Applying a dynamic mathematical model to explore the clinical effect of fasting suggests minimal impact on serum PSA result interpretation. Thus, patients can be tested for serum PSA levels regardless of their fasting state. PMID:24994780

  5. A population study of fasting time and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Cheryl K; Guo, Maggie; Viczko, Jeannine A; Naugler, Christopher T

    2014-01-01

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Traditional screening and diagnostic methods include digital rectal examinations (DREs), biopsies and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, with the latter being the more popular. PSA is a biomarker for prostate cancer; however, it is highly sensitive to external factors as well as other prostate diseases. As such, the reliability of of the serum PSA level as a sole screening and diagnostic tool for prostate cancer is controversial. Recently, it has been shown that fasting extremes can affect concentrations of serum chemistry analytes, thus raising the question of whether or not fasting has an effect on the highly sensitive PSA biomarker. Patients testing for serum PSA levels are often concomitantly submitting to other tests that require fasting, subjecting certain patients to a fasting PSA level while others not. The objective of this study was to investigate whether this discrepancy in fasting state translates into an effect on serum PSA levels. Serum PSA levels and fasting time records for 157 276 men who underwent testing at Calgary Laboratory Services (CLS; Calgary, Alberta, Canada) between 01 January 2010 and 31 March 2013 were accessed. Linear regression models of mean PSA levels and fasting times revealed a statistically important relationship at certain fasting times. Applying a dynamic mathematical model to explore the clinical effect of fasting suggests minimal impact on serum PSA result interpretation. Thus, patients can be tested for serum PSA levels regardless of their fasting state.

  6. Association of Serum Vitamin D Levels with Disease Activity in Male Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgün Mesci

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To examine the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD] level and disease activity in male patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled 51 male AS patients being followed at our hospital. Patient demographics as well as serum levels of 25(OHD vitamin, C-reactive protein (CRP, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase and parathormone, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR at 1 hour were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups based on their serum 25(OHD vitamin levels; one group consisted of 21 patients with 25(OHD vitamin levels less than 20 ng/mL and the other group comprised 30 patients with 25(OHD levels greater than 20 ng/mL. Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI scores were evaluated in order to determine the disease activity. Results: BASDAI scores were statistically significantly higher in the group with serum 25(OHD vitamin levels less than 20 ng/mL compared to the group with 25(OHD levels above 20 ng/mL (p<0.05. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in terms of ESR, serum levels of CRP, parathormone, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Conclusion: In the present study, an inverse relationship has been found between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity in male AS patients and it was concluded that serum vitamin D levels should also be taken into account while developing a treatment plan.

  7. Serum cystatin C levels in preterm newborns in our setting: Correlation with serum creatinine and preterm pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonor Bardallo Cruzado

    2015-05-01

    Conclusions: Serum CysC decreased within 48–72 h of life, and this decline showed significance (P < .05. The levels increased after 7 days in all 3 GA groups, and there was no difference in CysC levels among the groups. More studies in preterm infants with hypotension and respiratory disease are required. CysC is a better glomerular filtration rate (GFR marker in ≤1.500 g preterm infants.

  8. Serum prolactin levels and sexual dysfunctions in antipsychotic medication, such as risperidone : a review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knegtering, H; Lambers, PA; Prakken, G; ten Brink, C

    Classical antipsychotic drugs increase the level of serum prolactin. The atypical antipsychotic clozapine barely increases prolactin levels. An open naturalistic study in the University Hospital of Groningen suggests that treatment with risperidone in comparison to classical antipsychotics seems to

  9. Serum testosterone levels after medical or surgical androgen deprivation: a comprehensive review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Tsutomu

    2014-01-01

    Androgens and the androgen receptor play a role in the progression of prostate cancer. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a mainstay in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer. ADT is expected to reduce serum testosterone levels from a normal level of about 500 to 600 ng/dl (17.3-20.8 nmol) down to castration levels. Traditionally, castration was considered to be achieved if testosterone levels were lowered to a threshold of 50 ng/dl (1.73 nmol/l), a definition determined more by measurement methods derived from the use of old assay methods than by evidence. Serum testosterone levels in three-quarter patients after surgical castration drop to less than 20 ng/dl (0.69 nmol/l). Ineffective suppression of testosterone is currently poorly recognized and may possibly have an effect of prostate cancer mortality. Persistent levels of serum testosterone after castration are mainly derived from adrenal androgens. Furthermore, the arrival of new therapies targeting androgen synthesis and androgen receptor activity has renewed interest on serum testosterone. This review discusses the biosynthetic pathway for androgen synthesis in humans and provides a comprehensive review of serum testosterone levels after surgical or medical castration. This review assesses serum testosterone levels after surgical castration and different pharmacologic castration in patients with prostate cancer under ADT, and ineffective testosterone suppression. The author proposes methods to better lower serum testosterone levels during ADT. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Relationship between serum adiponectin and osteoprotegerin levels and coronary heart disease severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H L; Jin, X

    2015-09-21

    This study aimed to explore serum adiponectin and osteoprotegerin levels in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and their correlation with inflammatory and ischemia factors. From September 2010 to Augest 2010, 347 CHD patients were enrolled for a retrospective analysis. Serum lipoprotein phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ischemia modified albumin (IMA), and adiponectin and osteoprotegerin levels were detected and analyzed. Serum adiponectin levels (ng/mL, CV was 4.3% at 250 ng/mL) were found to be negatively correlated with Lp-PLA2 (r = -0.958, P = 0.014) and hs-CRP (r = -0.958, P = 0.015) and positively correlated with IMA (r = 0.962, P = 0.025). Serum osteoprotegerin levels were positively correlated with Lp-PLA2 (r = 0.933, P = 0.027) and hs-CRP (r = 0.932, P = 0.022) and negatively correlated with IMA (r = -0.924, P = 0.017). In addition, serum adiponectin levels negatively correlated with osteoprotegerin levels. In conclusion, serum adiponectin level was negatively correlated with CHD progression, whereas serum osteoprotegerin level was positively correlated with CHD progression. Combined detection of adiponectin and osteoprotegerin levels may be of potential value in the clinical determination of CHD severity.

  11. "The effect of fluid supplementation on serum bilirubin level during phototerapy in term infants "

    OpenAIRE

    Torkaman M; Afsharpeyman SH; Khalili Matinzadeh Z; Amirsalary S; Kavehmanesh Z; Hashemi S.A

    2007-01-01

    Background: Jaundice is a common and benign problem in neonatal period. Several therapeutic procedures for decreasing of serum bilirubin level has been recommended. phototherapy is most common them. Our goal Form this study is the evaluation of serum therapy effects in decreasing of serum bilirubin concentration in icteric infants that are treated with phototherapy. Methods: This is a prospective clinical trial in Najmeih Hospital in 2002. In this study 80 term icteric infants with bilirubin ...

  12. Evaluation of the Sodium Serum Level in Infants with Jaundice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Boskabadi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Inadequate milk intake during the first year of neonate’s life can result in weight loss, severe hyperbilirubinemia, and sometimes hypernatremia. In this study, we aimed to determine the relationship between neonatal weight loss and hypernatremia in term breastfed infants with idiopathic jaundice, as well as the necessity of sodium concentration measurement in newborns with idiopathic jaundice via weight loss measurement. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we examined 273 infants with jaundice of unknown etiology at Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, in years 2008-2012. The study sample consisted of 226 infants in the control group (serum sodium concentration

  13. Relationship of serum adipocytokine levels with glucolipid metabolism and micro-inflammatory state in obese children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Zhao

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the relationship of serum adipocytokine levels with glucolipid metabolism and micro-inflammatory state in obese children. Methods: A total of 299 obese children and 264 normal children were included in the study, fasting peripheral venous blood was extracted to determine serum levels of adipocytokines, glucolipid metabolism and microinflammation-related indexes, and the correlation between the levels of adipocytokines and the levels of glucolipid metabolism and micro-inflammation-related indexes was further analyzed. Results: Serum leptin and Vaspin levels of observation group were higher than those of control group, and APN level was lower than that of control group (P<0.05; serum FINS, C-P, Cor, TG and LDL-C levels were higher than those of control group, and HDL-C level was lower than that of control group (P<0.05; serum hs-CRP, IL-8, IL-6 and TNF-α levels were higher than those of control group (P<0.05; serum Leptin, APN and Vaspin levels were directly correlated with the levels of above glucolipid metabolism and micro-micro-inflammatory state indexes. Conclusions: There are high expression levels of inflammatory factors and glucolipid metabolism disorder in obese children, and excessively expressed adipocytokines may be the important factors of persist and worsened obesity.

  14. Factors associated with serum cholesterol level in a pediatric practice. Cholesterol screening in a pediatric practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donker, G A; Goff, D C; Ragan, J D; Killinger, R P; Harrist, R B; Labarthe, D R

    1993-01-01

    The associations between age, sex, height, Quetelet index, blood pressure, and serum cholesterol level were examined among 1406 routinely screened children, aged 4 to 19 years, in a pediatric practice. After adjustment for sex and age, height and Quetelet index were associated with serum cholesterol levels. Quetelet index was shown by multiple linear regression to be positively related to cholesterol levels (b = 0.780, P Quetelet index was marginal. Clustering of elevated serum cholesterol level, Quetelet index, and systolic blood pressure was observed. Familial aggregation of cholesterol levels was demonstrated using analysis of variance for 742 children from 342 families included in the regression analysis (F341,400 = 1.56, P Quetelet index, and familial aggregation accounted for 10.6% of the variance in serum cholesterol levels. Siblings of children with high cholesterol levels are a high-yield group in cholesterol screening.

  15. Serum Sodium and Potassium Levels in Cerebro-vascular Accident Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farahmand, Farahmand; Choobi Anzali, Babak; Heshmat, Ramin; Ghafouri, Hamed-Basir; Hamedanchi, Sepehr

    2013-01-01

    Background: We aim to assess serum sodium and potassium levels in patients with different types of cerebro-vascular accidents (CVA) in comparison to control group. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study conducted on patients admitted to the emergency department from January to August 2012. Control group consisted of patients admitted to emergency department due to common cold, urinary tract infection, low back pain, cluster, and tension headache or migraine. Serum sodium and potassium levels were measured via standard laboratory methods. Results: There were 77 patients in control group and 78 in CVA group. Forty nine patients from the CVA group had ischemic CVA, 11 had hemorrhagic CVA and 18 suffered a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Serum sodium level in control group was significantly lower than in patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). Serum potassium level in control group was higher than patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). Patients with hemorrhagic CVA showed significantly lower serum potassium level than patients with TIA and ischemic CVA (P < 0.001). Correspondingly, it was observed that serum sodium to potassium ratio was higher in patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). In patients with hemorrhagic CVA serum sodium to potassium ratio was higher when compared to patients with TIA and ischemic CVA (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study shows that higher serum sodium and lower serum potassium level may be associated with higher incidence of CVA. Further studies are paramount to elucidate the role of serum electrolyte levels in vascular events. PMID:23966823

  16. Serum Sodium and Potassium Levels in Cerebro-vascular Accident Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farahmand, Farahmand; Choobi Anzali, Babak; Heshmat, Ramin; Ghafouri, Hamed-Basir; Hamedanchi, Sepehr

    2013-05-01

    We aim to assess serum sodium and potassium levels in patients with different types of cerebro-vascular accidents (CVA) in comparison to control group. A comparative cross-sectional study conducted on patients admitted to the emergency department from January to August 2012. Control group consisted of patients admitted to emergency department due to common cold, urinary tract infection, low back pain, cluster, and tension headache or migraine. Serum sodium and potassium levels were measured via standard laboratory methods. There were 77 patients in control group and 78 in CVA group. Forty nine patients from the CVA group had ischemic CVA, 11 had hemorrhagic CVA and 18 suffered a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Serum sodium level in control group was significantly lower than in patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). Serum potassium level in control group was higher than patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). Patients with hemorrhagic CVA showed significantly lower serum potassium level than patients with TIA and ischemic CVA (P < 0.001). Correspondingly, it was observed that serum sodium to potassium ratio was higher in patients with TIA, ischemic CVA, and hemorrhagic CVA (P < 0.001). In patients with hemorrhagic CVA serum sodium to potassium ratio was higher when compared to patients with TIA and ischemic CVA (P < 0.001). This study shows that higher serum sodium and lower serum potassium level may be associated with higher incidence of CVA. Further studies are paramount to elucidate the role of serum electrolyte levels in vascular events.

  17. Assessment of Serum Zinc Levels of Patients with Thalassemia Compared to Their Siblings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed El Missiry

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Zinc (Zn is essential for appropriate growth and proper immune function, both of which may be impaired in thalassemia children. Factors that can affect serum Zn levels in these patients may be related to their disease or treatment or nutritional causes. We assessed the serum Zn levels of children with thalassemia paired with a sibling. Zn levels were obtained from 30 children in Islamabad, Pakistan. Serum Zn levels and anthropometric data measures were compared among siblings. Thalassemia patients’ median age was 4.5 years (range 1–10.6 years and siblings was 7.8 years (range 1.1–17 years. The median serum Zn levels for both groups were within normal range: 100 μg/dL (10 μg/dL–297 μg/dL for patients and 92 μg/dL (13 μg/dL–212 μg/dL for siblings. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Patients’ serum Zn values correlated positively with their corresponding siblings (r=0.635, P<0.001. There were no correlations between patients’ Zn levels, height for age Z-scores, serum ferritin levels, chelation, or blood counts (including both total leukocyte and absolute lymphocyte counts. Patients’ serum Zn values correlated with their siblings’ values. In this study, patients with thalassemia do not seem to have disease-related Zn deficiency.

  18. Clinical Significance of Serum IL-6 and TNF-α Levels in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Mojgan; Gozashti, Mohammad Hossein; Aghadavood, Majid; Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Reza; Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad Mahdi

    2017-10-01

    Several components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) facilitate its diagnosis, including abdominal obesity, hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, and insulin resistance. The production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) seem to be associated with MetS components. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between IL-6 and TNF-α serum levels with MetS and its components. This case-control study investigated 250 subjects, comprising 125 healthy controls from the Kerman Blood Transfusion Organization and 125 MetS patients. Serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels were greater in MetS patients than in controls. However, no correlation was observed between MetS components and IL-6 or TNF-α serum levels. Patients with MetS had significantly greater serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels than the controls, supporting the evidence that inflammation plays an important role in the immunopathogenesis of the disease. Additionally, IL-6 and TNF-α serum levels may predict MetS. The lack of association between IL-6 and TNF-α serum levels and MetS components remains to be investigated by further research.

  19. Elevated serum parathormone level after "concise parathyroidectomy" for primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carty, Sally E; Roberts, Michelle M; Virji, Mohamed A; Haywood, Laura; Yim, John H

    2002-12-01

    Cure after parathyroid exploration is traditionally assessed by serum calcium concentration 6 months postoperatively. Postoperative normocalcemic elevation of serum parathormone (PTH) level has been described but is of unclear significance. In a 6-year prospective study of outcomes in 380 patients undergoing initial parathyroidectomy for primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism, we measured intact serum PTH and calcium levels at more than 5 months. Those with normocalcemic high PTH levels were begun on oral calcium + vitamin supplements and monitored. At more than 5 months postoperatively, normocalcemic elevation in serum PTH level occurred in 28% of patients, was more common after resection of double adenomas (P =.01), and predated the onset of recurrent hypercalcemia in 3 of 3 patients with unrecognized multiglandular disease. Although delayed treatment with calcium and vitamin supplements produced no clear benefit, patients who took such supplements from the date of surgery were much less likely to have an elevated serum PTH level more than 5 months later (P =.0005). After successful parathyroid surgery, compensatory normocalcemic elevation in serum PTH level is frequent and may arise from dietary deficiency. Monitored supplemental intake of calcium and vitamin D appears to prevent or to normalize the condition in most patients. Patients with normocalcemic elevation in serum PTH level should receive evaluation for dietary deficiencies as well as follow-up for possible residual disease.

  20. Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP as prognostic markers in patients with alcoholic liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nøjgaard, Camilla; Johansen, Julia S; Christensen, Erik

    2003-01-01

    patients with alcoholic liver disease were studied in a trial of malotilate with a median follow-up period of 470 days; 75 patients died; 336 patients had a liver biopsy on entry. Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA). RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 and PIIINP were elevated...... with the different grades of fibrosis. Patients with elevated serum YKL-40 or PIIINP had shorter survival than patients with normal serum levels of YKL-40 (Plevels of YKL-40 and PIIINP are elevated......BACKGROUND/AIMS: YKL-40 (growth factor) and PIIINP (N-terminal propeptide of Type III procollagen) are potential markers of liver fibrosis. The aim was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum YKL-40 and PIIINP levels in patients with alcoholic liver disease. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy...

  1. Serum immunoglobulin E and hyaluronate levels in children living along major roads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shima, Masayuki; Adachi, Motoaki [Chiba Univ. School of Medicine (Japan)

    1996-11-01

    To assess the effects of automobile exhaust on human health, we determined serum concentrations of total immunoglobulin E and hyaluronate in 185 schoolchildren who lived in a district that contained major roads. Serum immunoglobulin E levels were elevated in children who had asthma or wheezing, but levels did no t differ with respect to distance of their homes from the major roads. Serum hyaluronate levels were higher in children who lived less than 50 m from the roadside, compared with children who resided a greater distance from roads. The difference, however, was significant only in a subgroup of children in whom immunoglobulin E levels exceeded 250 IU/ml. Our results suggest that serum hyaluronate levels in children reflect the effects of traffic-related air pollution. Children with high immunoglobulin E levels appeared to be particularly susceptible to the effects of automobile exhaust. 34 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  2. [Analysis of serum lipids levels and the establishment of reference intervals for serum lipids in middle and late pregnancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Chunmei; Yue, Chaoyan; Zhang, Chunyi; Li, Xiaotian

    2015-12-01

    To explore the serum lipids levels in healthy pregnant women, and to establish the reference intervals of serum lipids in middle and late pregnancy. Triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), apo-lipoprotein-A(APO-A) and apo-lipoprotein-B (APO-B) were measured in 3 200 pregnant women and 3 200 healthy women of childbearing age(the control group) from January 2014 to Febuary 2015 in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University. In the healthy pregnant women, serum lipids were measured at 14-20, 24-28 and 37-40 gestational weeks, respectively. All the parameters were detected by Hitachi 7180 automatic biochemical analyzer. The test results were calculated and determined by the C28-A3 standard of the National Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. And the normal reference intervals of serum lipids in middle and late pregnancy were defined as 2.5%-97.5%. (1) The levels of TG, TCH, HDL, LDL, APO-A and APO-B in the control group were 0.8, 4.2, 1.0, 2.7 mmol/L and 1.1, 0.8 g/L, respectively. The levels of TG, TCH, HDL, LDL, APO-A and APO-B in middle and late pregnancy were significantly higher than those in the control group (Plipids levels at 14-20, 24-28 and 37-40 gestational weeks in healthy pregnant women were compared with the control group as following. The TG levels were 1.9, 3.8 and 4.4 folds of the control group; the TCH levels were 1.1, 1.5 and 1.5 folds of the control group; the HDL levels were 1.2, 1.6 and 1.5 folds of the control group; the LDL levels were 1.1, 1.4 and 1.4 folds of the control group; the APO-A levels were 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5 folds of the control group; and the APO-B levels were 1.1, 1.5 and 1.5 fold of the control group respectively. The TG level was the most increased, and it increased gradually with gestational age (Plipids at 14-20, 24-28 and 37-40 gestational weeks in healthy pregnant women were as following. The TG levels were 0.7-3.9, 1.7-6.3 and 1.6-8.1 mmol

  3. Salivary cortisol and DHEA levels in the Korean population: age-related differences, diurnal rhythm, and correlations with serum levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Ryun-Sup; Lee, Young-Jin; Choi, Jun-Young; Kwon, Hyuk-Bang; Chun, Sae-Il

    2007-06-30

    The primary objective of this study was to examine the changes of basal cortisol and DHEA levels present in saliva and serum with age, and to determine the correlation coefficients of steroid concentrations between saliva and serum. The secondary objective was to obtain a standard diurnal rhythm of salivary cortisol and DHEA in the Korean population. For the first objective, saliva and blood samples were collected between 10 and 11 AM from 359 volunteers ranging from 21 to 69 years old (167 men and 192 women). For the second objective, four saliva samples (post-awakening, 11 AM, 4 PM, and bedtime) were collected throughout a day from 78 volunteers (42 women and 36 men) ranging from 20 to 40 years old. Cortisol and DHEA levels were measured using a radioimmunoassay (RIA). The morning cortisol and DHEA levels, and the age- related steroid decline patterns were similar in both genders. Serum cortisol levels significantly decreased around forty years of age (p cortisol levels did not change significantly with age, but showed a tendency towards decline (slope=-0.0078, t=-0.389, p=0.697). The relative cortisol ratio of serum to saliva was 3.4-4.5% and the ratio increased with age (slope=0.051, t=3.61, p DHEA levels also declined with age in saliva (slope=-0.007, t=-3.76, p DHEA levels in saliva and serum did not start to significantly decrease until ages in the 40s, but then decreased significantly further at ages in the 50s (p DHEA ratio of serum to saliva was similar throughout the ages examined (slop=0.0016, t=0.344, p=0.73). On the other hand, cortisol and DHEA levels in saliva reflected well those in serum (r=0.59 and 0.86, respectively, p cortisol levels appeared just after awakening (about two fold higher than the 11 AM level), decreased throughout the day, and reached the lowest levels at bedtime (p cortisol levels). The highest salivary DHEA levels also appeared after awakening (about 1.5 fold higher than the 11 AM level) and decreased by 11 AM (p DHEA levels

  4. Evaluation of the effects of serum iron levels on lacrimal gland secretion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firat Erdogan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In our study we aimed to demonstrate the relationship between the serum iron levels, and tears quality and quantity in term newborns. This study was conducted at a single institution between March 2013 and May 2013. A total of 46 newborns were prospectively enrolled. Serum iron levels were measured via the umbilical cord blood. Infants were divided into two groups according to their serum iron levels. Group A, serum iron level ≤70 μg/dL (n = 27 and Group B, serum iron level > 70 μg/dL (n = 19. The evaluation of the osmolarity was tested by using the TearLab Osmolarity System (TearLab Co, San Diego, CA, USA. The assessment of quantity was performed by using Schirmer I test. Osmolarity testing and Schirmer I test (with/without anesthesia were performed bilaterally on the 1st day of life by an ophthalmologist. The outcomes of Schirmer I and tear osmolarity showed no statistically significant difference between right and left eyes of any infant in the groups. Moreover, there was no statistical difference between sexes in these two groups. Osmolarity was found to have a moderate negative correlation coefficient with serum iron level (r = −0.4, p < 0.01. Furthermore, there was a high positive correlation between Schirmer I with anesthesia and serum iron levels (r = 0.7, p < 0.01. We observed that the quality and quantity of the tears was lower in term newborns with lower serum iron levels than healthy newborns. These results indicate that low serum iron level could affect lacrimal gland functions.

  5. Serum levels of hyaluronic acid during the perioperative period of hepatic resection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizoe, Akihiko; Fujioka, Hikaru; Azuma, Takashi; Furui, Junichiro; Tomioka, Tsutomu; Kanematsu, Takashi [Nagasaki Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1998-01-01

    In the present study, in order to evaluate liver function during the perioperative period, serum levels of hyaluronic acid (HA) were measured. Blood samples were collected from 19 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma before hepatic resection and on the 1st, 3rd and 7th postoperative days (POD), and serum levels of HA were measured by the sandwich binding protein assay. The subjects were divided into 2 groups as follows. Group A, 14 patients, had an uneventful postoperative course, and Group B, 5 patients, had postoperative complications such as hepatic failure, liver abscess and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. The preoperative serum levels of HA had a significant correlation with the indocyanine green retention rate (ICG R15), the portal vein pressure, and the results of {sup 99m}Tc-GSA scintigraphy. The preoperative serum levels of HA in the patients with clinical stage II were significantly higher than those of the patients with clinical stage I (p<0.02). The rates of the postoperative complications in the patients with preoperative HA serum levels over 100 ng/ml were significantly higher than those in the patients with HA serum levels below 50 ng/ml (p<0.05). Moreover, the postoperative serum levels of HA in Group B tended to be higher than those in Group A. On the 1st POD, there was a significant difference in the serum levels of HA between Groups A and B (p<0.01), whereas there were no significant differences in other parameters of liver function. These results suggest that serum levels of HA are useful parameters for evaluating liver function and predicting the outcome after hepatic resection. (author)

  6. Postmenopausal vegetarians' low serum ferritin level may reduce the risk for metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mi-Hyun; Bae, Yun Jung

    2012-10-01

    The present study was conducted to compare the serum ferritin status between the postmenopausal vegetarians and non-vegetarians and to identify the relation of serum ferritin with metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in postmenopausal women. The two study groups consisted of postmenopausal vegetarians (n=59) who maintained a vegetarian diet for over 20 years and age-matched non-vegetarian controls (n=48). Anthropometric measurements, dietary intakes, serum metabolic syndrome-related parameters, and serum ferritin level between the two groups were compared. The vegetarians exhibited significantly lower weight (pvegetarians (33.9 %) than in non-vegetarians (47.9 %). Vegetarians had significantly lower serum level of ferritin (pvegetarians. In the correlation analysis, serum ferritin was positively related to fasting glucose (r=0.264, pvegetarians had lower MetS presence and a lower serum ferritin level compared to non-vegetarians. Furthermore, vegetarians' low serum ferritin level may reduce the risk of MetS in postmenopausal women.

  7. Serum alpha-fetoprotein level is higher in hepatitis C than hepatitis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The frequency of raised serum alpha-fetoprotein may vary in relation to hepatitis B or C infection in chronic liver disease (CLD). The study evaluated the frequency of hepatitis B and C in patients with chronic liver disease and correlated the levels of serum alpha-fetoprotein with hepatitis B and C infection in the ...

  8. Association Between Serum Uric Acid Level and Components of the Metabolic Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi-Dou Lin

    2006-11-01

    Conclusion: Serum UA level was elevated significantly as the number of metabolic components increased. Abnormal TG had the most influence on serum UA. A prospective study is warranted to determine if the prevention or treatment of hyperuricemia affects the development of metabolic syndrome.

  9. Serum levels of ficolin-3 (Hakata antigen) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, T.; Munthe-Fog, L.; Garred, P.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Ficolin-3 is a serum protein of putative importance in autoimmunity. Our objective was to investigate any differential expression of ficolin-3 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or its clinical subsets. METHODS: Serum levels of ficolin-3 (S-ficolin-3) were determined...

  10. Serum Levels of Leptin As Marker For Patients At High Risk of Gastric Cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Capelle, Lisette G.; de Vries, Annemarie C.; Haringsma, Jelle; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Looman, Caspar W. N.; Nagtzaam, Nicole M. A.; van Dekken, Herman; ter Borg, Frank; de Vries, Richard A.; Kuipers, Ernst J.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Serological screening for gastric cancer (GC) may reduce mortality. However, optimal serum markers for advanced gastric precursor lesions are lacking. Aim: To evaluate in a case-control study whether serum leptin levels correlate with intestinal metaplasia (IM) and can serve as a tool to

  11. Serum and Urine Levels of Zinc and Selenium in Diabetics in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study aimed to determine the serum and urine zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) in diabetics and non-diabetics in Calabar, Nigeria. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), urine creatinine and serum and urine zinc and selenium levels were determined in 60 diabetic subjects aged between 35-75 years and 40 age-matched ...

  12. [Levels of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes in the serum of Hansen's disease patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, R; Salibián, A; Llorente, B; Pacín, A; Fliess, E L

    1980-12-01

    The LDH isoenzymes levels in fresh serum of seven patients affected by different forms of hanseniasis from Argentina, were measured by acrylamide electrophoresis. In all cases the LDH-4 fraction was found elevated; on the contrary, LDH-2 was reduced. The LDH-5 fraction was detected in only three serums, all of them significantly increased when compared with controls.

  13. First trimester maternal serum ADAM12s levels in twin pregnancies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Linskens, I.H.; Twisk, J.W.R.; Blankenstein, M.A.; van Vugt, J.M.G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: A disintegrin and metalloprotease 12s (ADAM12s) is a potential first trimester serum marker for fetal trisomy and adverse pregnancy outcome in singletons. In this study, ADAM12s levels in first trimester serum of uncomplicated and complicated twins were evaluated. Methods: ADAM12s was

  14. Serum testosterone level as a predictor of biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røder, Martin Andreas; Christensen, Ib Jarle; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2012-01-01

    Study Type - Aetiology (individual cohort) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The precise relationship between serum testosterone (T) and prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and progression is controversial. Low pre-treatment serum T correlates with higher...

  15. Associations between flame retardant applications in furniture foam, house dust levels, and residents' serum levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammel, Stephanie C; Hoffman, Kate; Lorenzo, Amelia M; Chen, Albert; Phillips, Allison L; Butt, Craig M; Sosa, Julie Ann; Webster, Thomas F; Stapleton, Heather M

    2017-10-01

    Polyurethane foam (PUF) in upholstered furniture frequently is treated with flame retardant chemicals (FRs) to reduce its flammability and adhere to rigorous flammability standards. For decades, a commercial mixture of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) called PentaBDE was commonly applied to foam to fulfill these regulations; however, concerns over toxicity, bioaccumulation, and persistence led to a global phase-out in the mid-2000s. Although PentaBDE is still detected in older furniture, other FR compounds such as tris(1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) and Firemaster® 550 (FM550) have been increasingly used as replacements. While biomonitoring studies suggest exposure is widespread, the primary sources of exposure are not clearly known. Here, we investigated the relationships between specific FR applications in furniture foam and human exposure. Paired samples of furniture foam, house dust and serum samples were collected from a cohort in North Carolina, USA and analyzed for FRs typically used in PUF. In general, the presence of a specific FR in the sofa of a home was associated with an increase in the concentration of that FR in house dust. For example, the presence of PentaBDE in sofas was associated with significantly higher levels of BDE-47, a major component of PentaBDE, in house dust (10 β =6.4, pfoam (pfoam; however, these associations were not statistically significant and may suggest there are other prominent sources of these compounds in the home. In addition, the presence of PentaBDE in sofa foam was associated with significantly higher levels of BDE-47 in serum (p<0.01). These results suggest that FR applications in sofas are likely major sources of exposure to these compounds in the home. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Correlation Between Preoperative Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen Levels and Expression on Pancreatic and Rectal Cancer Tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LSF Boogerd

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA–targeted imaging and therapeutic agents are being tested in clinical trials. If CEA overexpression in malignant tissue corresponds with elevated serum CEA, serum CEA could assist in selecting patients who may benefit from CEA-targeted agents. This study aims to assess the relationship between serum CEA and CEA expression in pancreatic (n = 20 and rectal cancer tissues (n = 35 using histopathology. According to local laboratory standards, a serum CEA >3 ng/mL was considered elevated. In pancreatic cancer patients a significant correlation between serum CEA and percentage of CEA-expressing tumor cells was observed ( P  = .04, ρ = .47. All 6 patients with homogeneous CEA expression in the tumor had a serum CEA >3 ng/mL. Most rectal cancer tissues (32/35 showed homogeneous CEA expression, independent of serum CEA levels. This study suggests that selection of pancreatic cancer patients for CEA-targeted agents via serum CEA appears adequate. For selection of rectal cancer patients, serum CEA levels are not informative.

  17. Depression, the Val66Met polymorphism, age, and gender influence the serum BDNF level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elfving, Betina; Buttenschøn, Henriette Nørmølle; Foldager, Leslie

    2012-01-01

    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been suggested as a candidate gene for depression and numerous studies have investigated the possible association between genetic variants within BDNF and depression. Clinical studies have investigated the serum BDNF levels in individuals with depression......, depression, gender, the Val66Met polymorphism, and the interaction between Val66Met and gender were identified as significant determinants of the serum BDNF level. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that other factors than a diagnosis of depression influence the serum BDNF level and the importance...

  18. Association Between Serum Leptin Level and Mortality in Kidney Transplant Recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnar, Miklos Z; Nagy, Kristof; Remport, Adam; Gaipov, Abduzhappar; Fülöp, Tibor; Czira, Maria E; Kovesdy, Csaba P; Mucsi, Istvan; Mathe, Zoltan

    2017-01-01

    Leptin is a hormone made by adipocytes and associated with hypertension, inflammation, and coronary artery disease. Low serum leptin level was associated with higher risk of death in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Little is known about the association of serum leptin with outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. Prospective prevalent cohort. We collected sociodemographic and clinical parameters, medical and transplant history, and laboratory data of 979 prevalent kidney transplant recipients. Associations between serum leptin level and death with a functioning graft, all-cause death, and death-censored graft loss over a 6-year follow-up period were examined in survival models. Serum leptin levels showed moderate negative correlation with eGFR (R = -0.21, P leptin level was associated with 7% lower risk of death with functioning graft (hazard ratio [HR] (95% confidence interval [CI]), 0.93 (0.87-0.99)), and this association persisted after adjustment for confounders: HR (95% CI), 0.90 (0.82-0.99). Similar associations were found with all-cause death as outcome. The association between serum leptin level and risk of graft loss was nonlinear, and only low serum leptin level was associated with higher risk of graft loss. In prevalent kidney transplant recipients, lower serum leptin was an independent predictor of death. Copyright © 2016 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Elevated Serum Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Levels in Patients With Hyperthyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Fangsen; Lin, Mingzhu; Huang, Peiying; Zeng, Jinyang; Zeng, Xin; Zhang, Huijie; Li, Xiaoying; Yang, Shuyu; Li, Zhibin; Li, Xuejun

    2015-10-01

    Recent evidence from animal studies indicates that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), an endocrine hormone that regulates glucose, lipid metabolism, and energy homeostasis, is regulated by T3. However, the role of FGF21 in hyperthyroid patients is unknown. The objective was to study serum FGF21 levels in hyperthyroid patients and the association of serum FGF21 levels with hyperthyroidism. This was a case-control study. A total of 119 hyperthyroid patients and 108 healthy subjects were recruited. Of them, 41 hyperthyroid patients received thionamide treatment for 3 months until euthyroidism was obtained. Serum FGF21 levels were determined using the ELISA method. Serum FGF21 levels were significantly elevated in hyperthyroid patients as compared with normal subjects [median 290.67 (interquartile range, 156.60-502.33) vs 228.10 (169.85.25-320.10) pg/mL; P hyperthyroid patients declined markedly from 249.10 (139.10-444.00) to 106.90 (38.70-196.15) pg/mL (P hyperthyroidism. With adjustment for potential confounders, serum FGF21 remained independently associated with hyperthyroidism, with an adjusted odds ratio of 3.123 (95% confidence interval, 1.306-7.468) (P = .010). Serum FGF21 levels were elevated in patients with hyperthyroidism and declined after thionamide treatment. And serum FGF21 level was independently associated with hyperthyroidism.

  20. Advanced prostatic carcinomas with low serum levels of prostate-specific antigen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerović Snežana J.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA represent a significant diagnostic and monitoring parameter of prostatic carcinoma (PC. The aim of the study was to establish correlation of serum PSA level in addition to grade, histological type, and clinical stage of PC in patients with normal or intermediary PSA serum level. In 37 untreated PC patients with preoperative serum PSA levels ranging between 0.1 and 9.6 ng/ml, paraffin-embedded tissue and serum samples were immunohistological studied and immunoassay for PSA was done. The most representative was poorly differentiated PC with D stage In serum samples from PC patients 27 (73.7% normal (≤ 4.0 ng/ml, and 10 (27.3% intermediate (4.1-10 ng/ml PSA levels were found Immunohistochemistry, in 36 PC (97.3% had demonstrated the expression of PSA. Our study results had shown low serum PSA levels in some patients with advanced poorly differentiated PC.

  1. Effect of omega-3 supplementation on serum level of homocysteine in hemodialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tayebi-Khosroshahi, Hamid; Dehgan, Reza; Habibi Asl, Bahlul; Safaian, Abdolrasul; Panahi, Farid; Estakhri, Rasul; Purasgar, Behruz

    2013-11-01

    Patients with end-stage renal disease are at a high risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Elevated level of homocysteine is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. There are some strategies for reduction of serum homocysteine level in these patients, including folate and vitamin supplementation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on serum homocysteine level in patients on hemodialysis. In a randomized controlled trial, 100 hemodialysis patients were assigned into two groups to receive omega-3 (oral capsule, 3 g/d) or placebo for 2 months. Complete blood count, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, serum lipids, and serum homocysteine levels were measured before the study and after 2 months at the end of study. Of 100 patients, 6 in each group were excluded, and 44 patients in each group completed the study. There were no significant differences regarding the age, sex, and the number of dialysis sessions per week between the two groups. No difference was observed between the two groups in the laboratory investigations at the end of the study, except for a significant reduction in serum homocysteine level in the omega-3 group as compared to the placebo group (P = .03). Our study showed a significant reduction regulated by omega-3 supplementation in serum homocysteine level which is a cardiovascular risk factor among hemodialysis patients. Omega-3 can be considered as another homocysteine-reducing agent in this population.

  2. Serum Soluble (ProRenin Receptor Levels in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshifumi Amari

    Full Text Available The (prorenin receptor [(PRR] is cleaved by furin to generate soluble (PRR [s(PRR], which reflects the status of the tissue renin-angiotensin system. Hemodialysis patients have advanced atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between serum s(PRR levels and background factors, including indices of atherosclerosis, in hemodialysis patients. Serum s(PRR levels were measured in hemodialysis patients and clearance of s(PRR through the membrane of the dialyzer was examined. Furthermore, relationships between serum s(PRR levels and background factors were assessed. Serum s(PRR levels were significantly higher in hemodialysis patients (30.4 ± 6.1 ng/ml, n = 258 than those in subjects with normal renal function (21.4 ± 6.2 ng/ml, n = 39, P < 0.0001. Clearance of s(PRR and creatinine were 56.9 ± 33.5 and 147.6 ± 9.50 ml/min, respectively. Serum s(PRR levels were significantly higher in those with ankle-brachial index (ABI of < 0.9, an indicator of severe atherosclerosis, than those with ABI of ≥ 0.9 (32.2 ± 5.9 and 30.1 ± 6.2 ng/ml, respectively, P < 0.05. An association between low ABI and high serum s(PRR levels was observed even after correction for age, history of smoking, HbA1c, and LDL-C. Serum s(PRR levels were significantly higher in hemodialysis patients when compared with subjects with normal renal function, although s(PRR is dialyzed to some extent, but to a lesser extent than creatinine. High serum s(PRR levels may be associated with atherosclerosis independent of other risk factors, suggesting that serum s(PRR could be used as a marker for atherosclerotic conditions in hemodialysis patients.

  3. Serum progranulin levels in Hispanic rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with TNF antagonists: a prospective, observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jennifer; Yeter, Karen; Rajbhandary, Rosy; Neal, Rebekah; Tian, Qingyun; Jian, Jinlong; Fadle, Natalie; Thurner, Lorenz; Liu, Chuanju; Stohl, William

    2017-03-01

    Since progranulin (PGRN) is a natural ligand of TNF receptors, we assessed whether serum PGRN levels predict and/or reflect responsiveness of RA patients to TNF-antagonist therapy. TNF-antagonist-naïve RA patients (N = 35) were started on TNF-antagonist therapy. At baseline and at follow-up visits, DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, and CDAI were calculated, and venous blood was collected for serum PGRN determination. Disease activity and clinical response were based on EULAR criteria. Baseline serum PGRN levels varied considerably and correlated with ESR and CRP. DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, and CDAI were greater in "PGRN-high" than in "PGRN-low". Baseline serum PGRN levels did not predict clinical responsiveness to TNF-antagonist therapy. Nevertheless, changes in serum PGRN levels at 274+ days following initiation of TNF-antagonist therapy correlated with changes in ESR, CRP, DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, and CDAI. At this time, DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, and CDAI in PGRN-high and PGRN-low equalized, but serum PGRN levels remained greater in PGRN-high than in PGRN-low. To our knowledge, the present report is the first prospective study to longitudinally assess changes in serum PGRN levels following initiation of TNF-antagonist therapy. Although pre-treatment serum PGRN levels may not predict clinical responsiveness to TNF-antagonist therapy, changes in serum PGRN levels correlate with changes in disease metrics over time. By inference, administration of PGRN may represent an effective therapeutic option for development in RA patients.

  4. Serum pepsin levels Hiroshima adult health study. Relation to radiation, ABO blood groups, and gastrointestinal diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knittle, J.L.

    1961-07-12

    At the ABCC clinic in Hiroshima 1330 subjects were investigated as to serum pepsin levels over a four month period. The normal mean values compared well with those reported for a United States population using a similar technique. There appeared to be no significant change in serum pepsin level with age, and no difference could be detected among individuals of the ABO blood groups. No relationship was found between serum pepsin level and exposure to ionizing radiation. Patients with gastric and duodenal ulcers had mean levels which were higher than normal mean values, while patients with leukemia had lower than normal mean levels. Patients with gastric polyps and gastric cancer had normal mean values. It is believed that the relation of serum pepsin activity to cancer of the stomach is not settled and deserves further investigation. 23 references, 2 figures, 4 tables.

  5. The relation between serum testosterone levels and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with kidney transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hulya Colak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study is to evaluate the relationship between serum testos-terone levels and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF in patients after kidney transplantation and with chronic kidney disease (CKD. Seventy-five male patients, aged between 18 and 68 years, who had kidney transplantation at least six months earlier, were enrolled into the study. Only renal transplant recipients and CKD patients with a creatinine level of 0.05. Serum testosterone levels were independent risk factors affecting IVC collapse index, systolic BP and LA. m-TORi and CNIs drugs might have no negative effect on serum testosterone levels, and improvement of the serum testosterone levels after transplantation might have a positive contribution on cardiac risk factors.

  6. Modulation of serum smooth muscle antibody levels by levamisole treatment in patients with oral lichen planus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kai-Ming; Wang, Yi-Ping; Lin, Hung-Pin; Chen, Hsin-Ming; Chia, Jean-San; Sun, Andy

    2013-06-01

    Serum autoantibodies have been found in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP). This study evaluated whether OLP patients had significantly higher frequencies of serum smooth muscle antibody (SMA) than healthy control individuals, and assessed whether levamisole treatment could modulate the serum SMA levels in OLP patients. This study used an indirect immunofluorescence technique to measure the baseline serum SMA levels in a group of 647 OLP patients and 53 controls. Ninety-five SMA-positive OLP patients were treated with levamisole under a regular follow-up schedule, and their serum SMA levels were measured after treatment. The frequencies of serum SMA in patients with OLP (21.9%), erosive OLP (EOLP, 21.6%), major EOLP (17.9%), minor EOLP (24.2%), and nonerosive OLP (24.4%) were all significantly higher than that (0%) in healthy controls (all p levamisole under a regular follow-up schedule. Treatment with levamisole for a period of 2-29 months (mean, 9.4 ± 6.0 months) effectively reduced the high mean serum SMA titer (71.0 ± 7.2) at baseline to an undetectable level (0) in all SMA-positive OLP patients, regardless of different initial serum SMA titers. There was a significantly higher frequency of serum SMA (21.9%) in OLP patients than in healthy controls. Treatment with levamisole for 2-29 months significantly reduced the high serum SMA to an undetectable level, and significantly improved the signs and symptoms in all treated OLP patients. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  7. Comparison between plasma and serum osteopontin levels: usefulness in diagnosis of epithelial malignant pleural mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cristaudo, Alfonso; Foddis, Rudy; Bonotti, Alessandra; Simonini, Silvia; Vivaldi, Agnese; Guglielmi, Giovanni; Ambrosino, Nicolino; Canessa, Pier Aldo; Chella, Antonio; Lucchi, Marco; Mussi, Alfredo; Mutti, Luciano

    2010-01-01

    A potential role of serum osteopontin (OPN) and serum mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) in the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has been recently reported. Although the most important data regarding the role of OPN in MPMs derive from the marker's measurement in serum samples, most commercial laboratory kits for OPN assay are suitable only for measuring plasma levels, as indicated by the manufacturers. Our study aimed to evaluate the influence of preanalytic variables on serum and plasma OPN, to compare serum and plasma OPN in the same population, and to assess whether OPN levels can aid in the diagnostic distinction of patients with MPM versus benign respiratory disease (BRD) and healthy subjects exposed to asbestos. The influence of preanalytic variables such as the length of storage at different temperatures and the number of thawings of samples on serum and plasma OPN measurements were evaluated. We measured OPN in 239 plasma samples from 207 asbestos-exposed subjects including 94 healthy controls and 113 subjects with BRD, and 32 patients with epithelial MPM, employing a commercially available ELISA. Serum OPN was measured in 196 of the same 239 samples from 80 healthy subjects, 92 BRD patients and 24 MPM patients. We found that both serum and plasma OPN levels were influenced by storage at -80°C and by the number of thawings, while serum OPN was influenced also by storage at room temperature. Plasma and serum OPN levels were significantly higher (p<0.0001) in patients with epithelial MPM than in the healthy control group and the BRD group. The application of a ROC curve for plasma OPN resulted in an AUC value of 0.780 with a best cutoff of 878.65 ng/mL, with a sensitivity of 68.8% and a specificity of 84.5%. The AUC for sOPN was 0.725 with a best cutoff of 16.06 ng/mL, with a sensitivity of 62.5% and a specificity of 87.3%. Within the control group no significant correlation was observed between age, duration of asbestos exposure, pack

  8. Serum electrolyte levels in relation to macrovascular complications in Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shenqi; Hou, Xuhong; Liu, Yu; Lu, Huijuan; Wei, Li; Bao, Yuqian; Jia, Weiping

    2013-10-10

    The prevalence of diabetes in China is increasing rapidly. However, scarce data are available on serum electrolyte levels in Chinese adults with diabetes, especially in those with cardiovascular complications. This study measured serum electrolyte levels and examined their relationship with macrovascular complications in Chinese adults with diabetes. The three gender- and age-matched groups were enrolled into this analysis, which were 1,170 subjects with normal glucose regulation (NGR), 389 with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) and 343 with diabetes. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour post-load plasma glucose (2hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and serum electrolyte levels were measured. Data collection included ankle brachial index results. Serum sodium and magnesium levels in the diabetes group were significantly decreased compared to the NGR group (sodium: 141.0 ± 2.4 vs. 142.1 ± 2.0 mmol/l; magnesium: 0.88 ± 0.08 vs. 0.91 ± 0.07 mmol/l, all P Multiple linear regression showed that serum sodium and magnesium levels in the diabetes group were negatively correlated with FPG, 2hPG and HbA1c (sodium: Std β = -0.35, -0.19, -0.25; magnesium: Std β = -0.29, -0.17, -0.34, all P diabetic subjects, serum sodium, magnesium and potassium levels were decreased in the subjects with the elevation of estimated glomerular filtration rates (P analysis suggested that serum magnesium level in subjects with diabetic macrovascular complications was significantly decreased compared with diabetic subjects without macrovascular complications after the effect of some possible confounding being removed (P diabetes, while the observed increase in calcium level correlated with increasing glucose level. Diabetic patients with macrovascular complications had lower serum magnesium level than those with no macrovascular complications.

  9. Serum cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels in schizophrenic patients and their first-degree relatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldırım, Osman; Dogan, Orhan; Semiz, Murat; Kilicli, Fatih

    2011-10-01

    Alterations in cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) levels are thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of serum cortisol and DHEA-S in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Sixty schizophrenic patients, 70 healthy first-degree relatives, and 60 healthy volunteers were included. Sociodemographic characteristics, data regarding disease duration and severity, as well as ongoing and previous drug use were recorded. Serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels were measured. Serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels were significantly higher in the schizophrenia group compared with the first-degree relatives and controls (P cortisol levels in the first-degree relatives were significantly higher than in the healthy controls (P DHEA-S levels and between the three groups in terms of serum cortisol/DHEA-S ratios. Elevated serum cortisol levels in schizophrenic patients might be associated with the role of cortisol in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Also, the elevation of serum cortisol levels in first-degree relatives compared to controls suggests that similar pathophysiological processes might have a role in individuals without any disease symptoms, but with a genetic predisposition for schizophrenia. Elevated serum DHEA-S levels might be the result of a compensatory response to elevated cortisol levels. Serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels may be used as a biological marker for the diagnosis of schizophrenia; however, further studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to support this finding. © 2011 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2011 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.

  10. Predictive value of serum amylase level in outcome of multiple trauma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arezu Nejabatian

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The early detection of injury in multiple trauma patients can lead to decreased mortality, length of stay, and improved clinical status of the patient. It is shown that there is a relation between increased level of serum amylase and pancreatic injury in trauma patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate serum amylase level in hospital outcomes of patients with abdominal blunt trauma. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey that was conducted at the emergency room of Imam Reza (AS Medical and Educational Center in Tabriz, Iran, during a year (April 2014-April 2015 on 101 patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Serum amylase levels were measured 6 hours after injury. The outcome of patients during hospitalization including the need for laparotomy and mortality were followed. Data were analyzed by SPSS software. P < 0.050 was considered significant. Results: A significant relationship between elevated serum amylase level by laparotomy and mortality was observed (P < 0.001. 15 patients had serum amylase higher than 100 U/L. All patients with abnormal serum amylase died. Conclusion: Determination of serum amylase level can be valuable in the prognosis of patients with blunt abdominal trauma, especially in determining mortality and proceed to laparotomy. However, studies with larger research community are required to investigate the precise role of amylase in the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with blunt abdominal trauma.

  11. [Relation of serum leptin levels and regulation of resting energy expenditure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svobodová, J; Haluzík, M; Rosická, M; Nedvídková, J; Kotrlíková, E; Kábrt, J

    1999-12-01

    Leptin is a protein hormone produced by adipocytes. Its serum concentrations in the most of cases positively correlate with total body fat content and body mass index (BMI). Leptin plays a role in the food intake regulation. It also increases resting energy expenditure in hypoleptinaemic ob/ob mice. Its relationship to resting energy expenditure in human is less clear. The aim of our study was to follow the serum leptin levels in healthy females (n = 12) and males (n = 14) and their relationship to resting energy expenditure, body fat content, other antropometric and nutritional biochemical parameters. It was found that serum leptin levels were significantly higher in females comparing to males (6.8 +/- 3 ng.ml-1 vs. 2.6 +/- 1 ng.ml-1, p body fat content and body mass index in both groups. In females the positive correlation between body weight and serum leptin levels was found. No statistically significant relationship between serum leptin levels and resting energy expenditure, serum total protein, albumin or prealbumin concentration was found in any of studied groups. The results of our study do not testify to direct relationship between serum leptin levels and resting energy expenditure in young healthy individuals.

  12. Serum levels of S100B and NSE proteins in Alzheimer's disease patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza Diogo O

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alzheimer's disease is the most common dementia in the elderly, and the potential of peripheral biochemical markers as complementary tools in the neuropsychiatric evaluation of these patients has claimed further attention. Methods We evaluated serum levels of S100B and neuron-specific enolase (NSE in 54 mild, moderate and severe Alzheimer's disease (AD patients and in 66 community-dwelling elderly. AD patients met the probable NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Severity of dementia was ascertained by the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR scale, cognitive function by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE, and neuroimage findings with magnetic resonance imaging. Serum was obtained from all individuals and frozen at -70°C until analysis. Results By comparing both groups, serum S100B levels were lower in AD group, while serum NSE levels were the same both groups. In AD patients, S100B levels were positively correlated with CDR scores (rho = 0.269; p = 0.049 and negatively correlated with MMSE scores (rho = -0.33; P = 0.048. NSE levels decreased in AD patients with higher levels of brain atrophy. Conclusions The findings suggest that serum levels of S100B may be a marker for brain functional condition and serum NSE levels may be a marker for morphological status in AD.

  13. High serum soluble CD200 levels in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Funda; Gumuslu, Saadet; Cetinkaya, Ramazan; Sarikaya, Metin; Yalcin, Arzu Didem

    2017-04-01

    CD200 is a novel immune-effective molecule, existing in a cell membrane-bound form, as well as in a soluble form in serum, which performs to modulate inflammatory and acquired immune responses. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the development of large renal cysts and progressive loss of renal function. As defects in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells occur in ADPKD, we asked whether serum soluble CD200 might underlie and effect on ADPKD. Serum soluble CD200 levels were measured in 44 patients with ADPKD and 24 healthy volunteers. Concentrations of soluble CD200 in the serum samples were quantified using an ELISA kit. The mean serum soluble CD200 levels were higher in patients with ADPKD than in the control group (71.4±29.2 and 21.4±5.6 pg/mL, psoluble CD200 levels and glomerular filtration rate (r=0.772, psoluble CD200 levels and serum creatinine levels (r=-0.761, psoluble CD200 levels were lower in patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in patients with stages 1-2 (psoluble CD200 levels were similar in patients with stages 1-2, 3, and 4 CKD (p>0.05). Our results show that patients with ADPKD have activated soluble CD200 levels which were related to renal function and inflammation. Copyright © 2017 American Federation for Medical Research.

  14. Evaluation and association of serum iron and ferritin levels in children with dental caries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N S Venkatesh Babu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 90% of all types of anemia in the world. Although the prevalence has declined in recent years, it remains an important pediatric public health problem. Iron deficiency has also been associated with dental caries. It impairs salivary gland function causing reduced salivary secretion and buffering capacity leading to increased caries activity. Aim: The aim of the study is to explore an association between dental caries and serum levels of iron and ferritin in children aged 3–12 years. Subjectsand Methods: The study group included 120 children, hospitalized for uncomplicated medical problems. Blood reports were evaluated to determine serum iron and ferritin levels. Dental caries experience was assessed using deft index. Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Out of 120 children, 38 children showed low serum iron levels of which 31 children had dental caries and nine out of 15 children in the high serum iron level group showed dental caries. High ferritin levels were seen in three children among which two children were caries-free and only one child had a low ferritin level who also had a positive deft score. Conclusion: Based on the results, it was concluded that there is an inverse association between serum iron levels and dental caries whereas there is no association between serum ferritin levels and dental caries.

  15. High serum levels of YKL-40 in patients with systemic sclerosis are associated with pulmonary involvement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordenbaek, C; Johansen, J S; Halberg, P

    2005-01-01

    with pulmonary SSc. RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 levels of the SSc patients were significantly higher than those of the controls (ppulmonary fibrosis by chest X-ray, obstructive ventilatory pattern, reduced diffusing capacity (DLco), and digital joint deformity due to skin retraction had......OBJECTIVES: YKL-40, a growth factor of connective tissue cells, is elevated in sera from patients with diseases characterized by inflammation, tissue remodelling, or fibrosis. The aim of the study was to determine serum YKL-40 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to explore any...... significantly higher serum YKL-40 compared with patients without these findings. Patients with elevated serum YKL-40 had shorter survival times than patients with normal serum YKL-40 (p = 0.0005), although this was not independent of age and pulmonary function. YKL-40 protein expression was found...

  16. Serum soluble CD26 levels: diagnostic efficiency for atopic dermatitis, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and psoriasis in combination with serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyagaki, T; Sugaya, M; Suga, H; Morimura, S; Kamata, M; Ohmatsu, H; Fujita, H; Asano, Y; Tada, Y; Kadono, T; Sato, S

    2013-01-01

    CD26 is a multifunctional type II transmembrane glycoprotein, which also exists as a secreted isoform, soluble CD26 (sCD26). The CD26 expression on circulating T cells is decreased in some skin diseases such as cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and psoriasis. It remains to be determined whether sCD26 can be used as a marker of skin diseases or not. To investigate utility of sCD26 as a diagnostic marker of skin diseases in combination with thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC). Serum sCD26 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 130 participants including 32 patients with atopic dermatitis (AD); 45 patients with CTCL; 26 patients with psoriasis; and 27 healthy controls. Serum sCD26 levels in patients with CTCL and psoriasis (162.1 ± 80.2 ng/mL and 125.4 ± 82.1 ng/mL respectively) were significantly lower than those of healthy controls (392.6 ± 198.7 ng/mL; P psoriasis were 65.2-73.7%, 81.4-97.6%, 65.2-94.4%, and 81.4-88.9% respectively. Serum sCD26 levels, combined with serum TARC levels, are helpful in diagnosis of AD, CTCL and psoriasis. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

  17. Serum Interleukin-34 Levels Are Elevated in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxu Wang

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Interleukin-34 (IL-34 was initially identified as an alternative ligand for the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R to mediate the biology of mononuclear phagocytic cells. Recently, IL-34 was found to be associated with chronic inflammation, such as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA. Both RA and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE are multifactorial autoimmune diseases and are characterized by excessive immune and inflammatory responses. Thus, we investigated whether IL-34 is involved in the pathogenesis of SLE. In all, 78 SLE patients and 53 healthy controls were enrolled in the research. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA was employed to measure the concentrations of serological IL-34. Then serum IL-34 levels between the SLE group and healthy controls were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Meanwhile, the correlations between the serum IL-34 levels and disease activity indexes and other established serum markers were assessed. Furthermore, the serum IL-34 levels of 20 active SLE patients were reevaluated when diseases were in the remission stage from corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs. Serum IL-34 levels were significantly higher in SLE patients compared to healthy controls. Their levels were remarkably associated with accumulation of the clinical features of SLE. Additionally, IL-34 titers were positively correlated with the SLE disease activity indexes, anti-double-stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA titers and C-reactive protein (CRP levels, and inversely with complement3 (C3 levels. Moreover, serum IL-34 levels were significantly decreased after successful treatment of SLE. Serum IL-34 could be a candidate biomarker for SLE as there are elevated serum levels in treatment-naive SLE patients and we saw a significant decrease after effective treatment.

  18. Comparison of Dietary Habits and Serum Nitrate Levels in Patients with Esophageal Cancer and Healthy Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Alipanah_Moghadam

    2017-07-01

    Conclusion: Consumption of fast foods, hot tea and saturated fats may be associated with esophageal cancer. Serum nitrate levels were lower in patients than control group, probably indicating the need for further research in this field.

  19. (SNP) of endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene and serum level of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    T-786C single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene and serum level of vascular endothelial relaxant factor (VERF) in non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease.

  20. Serum cortisol level and adrenal reserve as a predictor of patients’ outcome after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Mosaddegh

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: Current study could not show the statistically significant difference in initial and post-ACTH serum cortisol levels between survivor and non-survivor patients with cardiac arrest who had initial successful CPR, except to that of minute 60.

  1. Study of serum vitamin D level in adult patients with bronchial asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Yousry A. Shahin

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: There is an important association between adult bronchial asthma and vitamin D deficiency or even insufficiency. A strong correlation between the serum vitamin D level and asthma severity and control was found.

  2. Selenium, zinc and magnesium: serum levels in members of the czech republic rescue fire brigade

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Střítecká, Hana; Hlubik, Pavol

    2010-01-01

    .... The concept of the study made it possible to reveal relationships between the serum magnesium, zinc, selenium levels and the age or biochemical and anthropometrical parameters generally used as risk...

  3. Striatal dopamine transporter binding correlates with serum BDNF levels in patients with striatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziebell, Morten; Khalid, Usman; Klein, Anders B

    2012-01-01

    's disease, no studies have directly related the degree of striatal neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons (DA) with serum BDNF levels. In this study we examined the relationship between striatal neurodegeneration as determined with (123)I-PE2I-single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) and serum......Compelling evidence has shown, that neurotrophins responsible for the regulation of neuronal growth, survival, and differentiation are involved in neurodegenerative diseases. Whereas lower serum levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been observed in patients with Parkinson...... BDNF levels in patients with parkinsonism. Twenty-one patients with abnormal in vivo striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) binding as evidenced with [(123)I]PE2I SPECT brain scanning were included. Samples for serum BDNF levels were collected at the time of the SPECT scanning, and BDNF was measured...

  4. Effects of sleep deprivation on serum cortisol level and mental health in servicemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Hong-Tao; Sun, Xin-Yang; Yang, Ting-Shu; Zhang, Li-Yi; Yang, Jia-Lin; Bai, Jing

    2015-06-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of sleep deprivation on serum cortisol level and mental health and explore the correlations between them in servicemen. A total of 149 out of the 207 Chinese servicemen were randomly selected to go through 24hour sleep deprivation, leaving the rest (58) as the control group, before and after which their blood samples were drawn for cortisol measurement. Following the procedure, all the participants were administered the Military Personnel Mental Disorder Prediction Scale, taking the military norm as baseline. The results revealed that the post-deprivation serum cortisol level was positively correlated with the factor score of mania in the sleep deprivation group (rSp=0.415, pSleep deprivation could significantly increase serum cortisol level and may affect mental health in servicemen. The increase of serum cortisol level is significantly related to mania disorder during sleep deprivation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Serum zinc levels as a predictor of clinical features and outcome of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum zinc levels as a predictor of clinical features and outcome of paediatric acute lower respiratory infections in Nigeria. RM Ibraheem, WBR Johnson, AA Abdulkarim, MB Abdulkadir, D Oladele, SA Biliaminu ...

  6. Clinical significance of serum follistatin levels in the diagnosis of ovarian endometrioma and benign ovarian cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Ant

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: Despite the increased serum follistatin levels in patients with ovarian endometrioma, CA-125 was determined to be a more sensitive and specific marker than follistatin for the diagnosis of ovarian endometrioma and endometriosis.

  7. Serum vitamin A levels among malnourished children aged 6 - 59 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vitamin A levels. Conclusion: This study has been able to establish low vitamin A levels among both undernourished and controls in Zaria. This is of public health significance. Introduction. Malnutrition (Under-nutrition) is defined as an imbal- ance between nutrient ... prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children with.

  8. False high level in total bilirubin estimation in nonicteric serum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    reagents in next three days. Repeated estimations by Roche reagents showed falsely very high level of total bilirubin. However, estimation by DiaSys and Randox reagents showed acceptable normal levels as per visual estimation. There was interference, most probably due to paraprotein in the estimation of total bilirubin ...

  9. Serum transforming growth factor-beta levels depend on allergen exposure in allergic rhinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciprandi, Giorgio; De Amici, Mara; Tosca, Mariangela; Marseglia, Gianluigi

    2010-01-01

    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by inflammation sustained by dysregulated immune response. T-regulatory cells are involved in AR pathogenesis, mainly producing IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. Indeed, there is a functional and allergen-specific defect of T-regulatory cells in AR. However, there are no data about the influence of allergen exposure on TGF-beta serum levels. Therefore, the aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate TGF-beta serum levels in patients with seasonal AR. Patients were evaluated either outside the pollen season and after 1 preseasonal sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) course (38 subjects) or during the pollen season (57 subjects). All patients were allergic to Parietaria and/or grasses alone. TGF-beta was measured by a commercially available kit. Symptoms, drug use and eosinophils were evaluated.Serum allergen-specific IgG and IgA levels were also measured by the ELISA method. TGF-beta serum levels were significantly lower in patients evaluated outside the pollen season in comparison with the other 2 situations. SLIT induced the significantly highest TGF-beta serum levels. There was a significant negative relationship between TGF-beta and eosinophils in patients after SLIT. IgG and IgA levels were higher in SLIT-treated patients. This preliminary study provides evidence that TGF-beta serum levels are significantly dependent on allergen exposure. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Higher Grades and Repeated Recurrence of Hepatic Encephalopathy May Be Related to High Serum Manganese Levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobtan, Abdelrahman A; El-Kalla, Ferial S; Soliman, Hanan H; Zakaria, Soha S; Goda, Mohamed A

    2016-02-01

    Hepatic encephalopathy is a serious complication of liver failure. Until now, the precise pathophysiologic mechanisms are not fully determined. It has been demonstrated that manganese plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy. Therefore, we studied manganese levels in serum of cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy in relation to grading and recurrence of hepatic encephalopathy. One hundred persons were enrolled in the study, 80 cirrhotic patients with or without encephalopathy and 20 healthy controls. Hepatic encephalopathy was diagnosed clinically and by laboratory findings. Serum manganese levels were measured in all participants. The grading of hepatic encephalopathy was significantly correlated to the severity of liver dysfunction. The mean serum manganese level was significantly higher in cirrhotic patients than in controls and in cirrhotic patients with encephalopathy than in those without encephalopathy. It was also significantly higher in patients with advanced grading of hepatic encephalopathy. Serum manganese level was positively correlated to number of recurrences of encephalopathy during a 6-month follow-up period. Serum manganese levels were able to predict recurrence of hepatic encephalopathy within 6 months following the episode. Serum manganese levels are positively correlated to the modified Child-Pugh score of cirrhosis as well as grading and number of recurrences of hepatic encephalopathy. Higher manganese levels seem to be related to worsening of the condition, and its measurement may be used as a predictor of repeated recurrences.

  11. Serum chemerin levels are associated with the presence and extent of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiaotao, Li; Xiaoxia, Zhang; Yue, Xia; Liye, Wei

    2012-09-01

    The aim of the study was to examine whether serum chemerin levels are associated with the presence and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 132 patients with CAD and 56 patients without CAD who underwent coronary angiography for the evaluation of CAD were enrolled in this study. Serum levels of chemerin were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum chemerin levels were significantly elevated in CAD patients compared with those without CAD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum chemerin levels were significantly associated with the presence of CAD. In CAD patients, chemerin was positively correlated with BMI (r=0.274, P=0.001) and triglycerides (r=0.190, P=0.029), and yet correlated with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (r=0.228, P=0.008); the association of chemerin with triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol remained significant after adjusting for BMI (P<0.05 and P<0.01). At multiple stepwise regression analysis, serum chemerin levels were an independent predictor of the stenosis score (β=0.193, P=0.034). Our data suggest that increased chemerin levels are associated with the presence of CAD and that serum chemerin levels may reflect the extent of coronary atherosclerosis.

  12. Serum PBDE levels in exposed rats in relation to effects on thyroxine homeostasis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darnerud, P.O.; Aune, M.; Larsson, L.; Hallgren, S. [National Food Administration, Uppsala (Sweden)

    2004-09-15

    Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) is a group of environmental chemicals for which lately both interest and knowledge have increased considerably. Among the BFRs, the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have attained special interest. Much data on environmental and human levels have been presented and several toxicological reviews are now published. Among interesting results is the difference in human PBDE levels that seem to exist between U.S.A. and Europe, results that suggest differences in exposure but without being able to pin-point the exact sources. In experimental studies PBDEs alter serum thyroxin levels, an effect seen both in rats and in mice. The mechanism(s) are still not completely clarified, but are thought to include alterations in serum transport, induced enzymatic degradation and possibly also direct effects on the thyroid gland. As perinatal alterations in thyroid homeostasis could affect brain development, early effects on thyroid hormones may be of special concern. Indeed, PBDEs have been shown to affect behaviour and learning in mice, when given neonatally. The aim of the present study was to relate the serum levels of PBDEs in rats to effects of these compounds on thyroxine homeostasis in these animals. Specifically, the relation between serum PBDE levels and effects on serum thyroxine levels was investigated, after two weeks of daily oral exposure. The result may have consequences for the future risk assessment activities on PBDE and specifically in finding the critical serum PBDE concentration at which the effect on thyroid hormone levels begin to occur.

  13. Comparison of Serum Levels of Magnesium and Potassium in Stroke Patient and Healthy Controls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdokht Mazdeh

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: CVA (cerebrovascular accident is the most common debilitating disease. Studies show that magnesium and potassium have significant neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study is evaluation of serum levels of potassium and magnesium in stroke patients. Materials & Methods: In this case study, 70 stroke patients were entered in following manner. For a patient, a questionnaire include: age, sex, and kind of stroke was provided and then, in which the serum levels of magnesium and potassium were entered. These levels were compared with those of control group (70 people whose individuals were sexual and age wise identical and results from these were analyzed with statistical test, t-test. Results: From 70 patients who were entered in this study, 39 (55.7% individuals were male and 31 (44.3% female. The mean age of case group was 72.11±10.76. The mean serum level of magnesium and potassium in case group was 1.89±0.25meq/L and 3.81±0.26 meq/L respectively and in control group was 1.95±0.46 meq/L and 3.9±0.41 meq/L that showed the mean serum level of magnesium and potassium in CVA patients was lower than control group, and only about serum level K is significant (P=0.004 Conclusion: The serum level of magnesium and potassium in stroke patients is lower than control group.

  14. Serum Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Levels in Children with Nephrotic Syndrome: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissbach, Avichai; Garty, Ben Zion; Lagovsky, Irina; Krause, Irit; Davidovits, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    Several studies link the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα). However, data on the serum TNFα level in children with nephrotic syndrome are sparse. To investigate serum TNFα levels and the effect of steroid therapy in children with nephrotic syndrome. A prospective cohort pilot study of children with nephrotic syndrome and controls was conducted during a 1 year period. Serum TNFα levels were measured at presentation and at remission, or after a minimum of 80 days if remission was not achieved. Thirteen patients aged 2-16 years with nephrotic syndrome were compared with 12 control subjects. Seven patients had steroid-sensitive and six had steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Mean baseline serum TNFα level was significantly higher in the steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome patients than the controls (6.13 pg/ml vs. 4.36 pg/ml, P = 0.0483). Mean post-treatment TNFα level was significantly higher in the steroid-resistant than in the steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome patients (5.67 pg/ml vs. 2.14 pg/ml, P = 0.001). In the steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome patients, mean serum TNFα levels were similar before and after treatment. Elevated serum TNFα levels are associated with a lack of response to corticosteroids. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of TNFα in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome.

  15. Investigation of the serum levels of anterior pituitary hormones in male children with autism

    OpenAIRE

    Iwata Keiko; Matsuzaki Hideo; Miyachi Taishi; Shimmura Chie; Suda Shiro; Tsuchiya Kenji J; Matsumoto Kaori; Suzuki Katsuaki; Iwata Yasuhide; Nakamura Kazuhiko; Tsujii Masatsugu; Sugiyama Toshirou; Sato Kohji; Mori Norio

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The neurobiological basis of autism remains poorly understood. The diagnosis of autism is based solely on behavioural characteristics because there are currently no reliable biological markers. To test whether the anterior pituitary hormones and cortisol could be useful as biological markers for autism, we assessed the basal serum levels of these hormones in subjects with autism and normal controls. Findings Using a suspension array system, we determined the serum levels o...

  16. Evaluation of Serum Resistin Levels and Metabolic Syndrome Related Parameters in Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanife Merve Akça

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the serum resistin levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU patients. Methods: In the study 42 CSU patients and 42 healthy volunteers were included. Height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure measurements were assesed for both of the groups. Fasting blood sugar, serum lipid levels, resistin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α levels were evaluated in the venous blood samples. The metabolic syndrome (MetS diagnosis was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III diagnostic criteria. Results: MetS was found in 14 (33.3% CSU patients and 5 (11.9% control subjects. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.037 in terms of MetS presence. It was found that the mean serum resistin levels was 1928.31±212.85 pg/mL in the CSU patients and 2107.60±156.71 pg/mL in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of serum resistin levels. No difference was seen between the patients with and without a diagnosis of MetS regarding the urticaria activity score, duration of the disease, autologous serum skin test positivity, serum immunoglobulin E levels, presence of autoimmunity, serum resistin and TNF-α levels. Conclusion: An increased incidence of MetS in the CSU patient group is found in our study. However, there was no difference between the CSU patients with and without MetS regarding the disorder-associated parameters and the serum resistin and TNF-α levels.

  17. Serum IGG subclass levels in healthy infants of 13-62 weeks of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zegers, B. J. M.; van der Giessen, M.; Reerink-Brongers, E. E.; Stoop, J. W.

    1980-01-01

    The levels of IgGl, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were determined in serum samples of 160 infants aged 13-62 weeks, and of their mothers. In addition the serum IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgD levels of the infants are presented. The results show that IgM, IgGl, and IgG3 slightly increase during the first year of

  18. The serum igg subclass levels in healthy infants of 13–62 weeks of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zegers, B.J.M.; Giessen, M. van der; Reerink-Brongers, E.E.; Stoop, J.W.

    1980-01-01

    The levels of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were determined in serum samples of 160 infants aged 13–62 weeks, and of their mothers. In addition the serum IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgD levels of the infants are presented. The results show that IgM, IgG1, and IgG3 slightly increase during the first year of

  19. Serum S100B levels may be associated with cerebral infarction: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Hua; Wang, Lu; Yang, Xiao-Kai; Fan, Lu-Ping; Wang, Yao-Guang; Guo, Lei

    2015-01-15

    The aim of this paper is to explore the potential association of serum human soluble protein-100B protein (S100B) levels with the diagnosis and prognosis of cerebral infarction (CI). Potential relevant studies were searched for in PubMed, Springerlink, Wiley, EBSCO, Ovid, Web of Science, Wanfang databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases and VIP databases. Two investigators extracted data and assessed studies independently. Statistical analyses were carried out with the version 12.0 STATA statistical software. A total of 10 case-control studies that assessed the correlation of S100B serum level with CI, including 1211 subjects (patients=773, healthy controls=438) were included. The results showed that S100B serum levels in CI victims were significantly higher compared with those of the control group. According to the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, S100B serum level in CI victims was statistically significant in Asians and the control group, but no statistical significance was found in Caucasians. An additional subgroup analysis was carried out based on sample size, revealing that the S100B serum levels in CI victims in small samples were of statistical significance; however, no statistical significance was discovered in large samples. Elevator S100B serum levels might be negatively correlated with CI, suggesting that higher serum levels of S100B could lead to more serious condition and worse prognoses for CI patients. Therefore, S100B serum levels could be regarded as a biomarker for CI, and furthermore, S100B could aide in the diagnosis and prognosis of CI. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. [Significance of serum creatinine levels in respiratory insufficiency conditions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prnjavorac, B; Ajanovic, E; Rakic, B; Kahvic, S

    2001-01-01

    Analyses of creatinema in the cases of global respiratory failure was performed in this paper. The patients with global respiratory failure treated in General Hospital in TeSanj have been followed. For all patients laboratory analyses have been performed on the admimtion and in the time of clinical status improvement, including creatinin level, K, Na, Hb, Htc, and blood gas analyses with mesurement of pO2 pCO2 pH, BE, saturation of the blood with oxgen, BE and HCO3-. Creatinine level have been considered in coleration of body mass index, and general nutritional status. The dinamic source of creatinine level in the blood have been followed, in relation of parameters of respiratory status. The statistical significance in relation of creatinine level with the respiratory status was registrated. With the improvement of respiratory status and laboratory analyses related to respiratory status, decrease of creatinin level was registrated. Because of that the therapy given to the patients with respiratory failure could influence on potassium level, the relation of creatinnemia and potassium level in the blood wasn't considered. The high creatinin level couldn't be explained with the initial renal failure, but as the sign of metbolic adaptation to hypoxemic and hypoxyc situation on the body. The registration of high creatinine level in the situations of global respiratory failure could be the guidelines for the choice of the antibiotics for these patients, mostly for potentially nephrotoxic antibiotics, like aminoglicosides, and theirs combinations. The decision and evaluation of benefit and toxicity of antibiotics for these situations could be easier.

  1. Association between Serum Osteopontin Levels and Cardiovascular Risk in Hypothyrodism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Türkan Mete

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Cardiovascular effects of hypothyroidism are well known. Osteopontin (OPN is a new inflammatory marker which was first isolated from the bone. Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD, a noninvasive technique to measure this endothelium-dependent function, has been used in several clinical studies to show cardiovascular risks. The aim of our study was to assess FMD value in hypothyroidism patients and to investigate whether plasma OPN level is a parameter which can predict cardiovascular risks in this group of patients. Material and Method: This study included 39 patients who had high levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH and 11 healthy euthyroid controls. Plasma TSH, free thyroxine, fibrinogen, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol (T-chol, low density lipoprotein (LDL, triglyceride and OPN levels were measured at the time hypothyroidism was first detected and after euthyroid state was achieved with levothyroxine treatment. In parallel with these assessments, brachial FMD measurements were also performed. Results: In hypothyroid patients cardiovascular risk factors such as T-chol, LDL and triglyceride levels were higher than in control group but fibrinogen and hsCRP levels were not different between the groups. OPN levels were similar in patient and control groups, but basal FMD levels were lower in patients with hypothyroidism. After euthyroidism was achieved, OPN levels significantly decreased and FMD levels significantly increased, but a correlation was not detected between these two parameters. Discussion: Our study did not show a significant correlation between OPN and cardiovascular risk parameters. Further studies are needed to use OPN as a cardiovascular risk marker in hypothyroid patients.

  2. Acute melatonin and para-chloroamphetamine interactions on pineal, brain and serum serotonin levels as well as stress hormone levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzana, E J; Chen, W J; Champney, T H

    2001-08-03

    para-Chloroamphetamine, an amphetamine analog, alters serotonergic neurochemistry. In previous reports, melatonin (MEL), when administered with other amphetamine analogs, altered the decline in serotonin content produced by these analogs. The present studies assessed the effects of various doses of melatonin and p-chloroamphetamine on serotonin levels in numerous brain regions in male rats. Melatonin (10, 25 or 50 mg/kg, s.c.) and p-chloroamphetamine (3 or 5 mg/kg, s.c.) were administered and, 3 h later, brain samples and serum were collected. Serotonin levels in the serum and various regions of the brain were assayed using high-performance liquid chromatography. Melatonin in combination with a high dose of p-chloroamphetamine (5 mg/kg) produced cumulative deficits in serotonin levels in the serum. However, serotonin levels in the pineal, cortex or brain stem in all combined melatonin and p-chloroamphetamine groups were not significantly different from groups that received p-chloroamphetamine alone. Serum adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone levels were significantly elevated in the melatonin and p-chloroamphetamine combined groups, suggesting that animals receiving both treatments were more stressed than control animals or animals receiving melatonin or p-chloroamphetamine alone. These results indicate that melatonin does not alter p-chloroamphetamine-induced deficits in central serotonin levels. The increased serum adrenocorticotropic hormone, corticosterone and serotonin levels observed following melatonin and p-chloroamphetamine treatment suggest that this combination may have adverse peripheral effects.

  3. Investigation of dermatology life quality index and serum prolactin and serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate levels in patients with chronic urticaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucmak, Derya; Akkurt, Meltem; Uçmak, Feyzullah; Toprak, Gülten; Acar, Gurbet; Arica, Mustafa

    2014-12-01

    Chronic urticaria (CU) is known to be one of the most disturbing diseases which significantly affect the quality of life. Prolactin (PRL) and DHEA-S (dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) are stress-associated hormones in chronic urticaria. In the present study, we measured DHEA-S and prolactin levels of CU patients, compared them with healthy subjects and evaluated the association between disease status and serum levels. Plasma DHEA-S and serum PRL concentrations were measured in 48 CU patients and 31 healthy subjects. CU activity was assessed with the use of the symptom scores recommended with EAACI/GALEN/EDF guidelines. All the patients participating in this study were evaluated by means of Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). With respect to DLQI and clinical activity scores, plasma DHEA-S and serum prolactin levels were compared. Median plasma concentration of DHEA-S was significantly lower in CU patients as compared with healthy subjects (p = 0.026). DHEA-S levels of females were significantly lower than males (p = 0.001). Mean PRL values of the patients were higher than the controls, but not statistically significant (p = 0.619) and there was a statistically signifcant inverse correlation with DHEA-S levels (p = 0.04, r = -0.298). Therewas a significant correlation between DLQI and clinical disease activity (p < 0.001, r = 0.748). The exact relation of hormones to CU pathogenesis remains to be determined by further clinical studies. In addition, therapies aiming to increase DHEA-S and decrease PRL may be subject to trial in CU.

  4. Maternal Serum B-Cell Activating Factor Levels: Candidate Early Biomarker for Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stohl, Hindi E; Lee, Richard H; Manetta, Joseph; Kikly, Kristine; Korst, Lisa M; Stohl, William

    2017-11-01

    Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early suppression of B-cell lymphopoiesis is necessary for a normal pregnancy. Dysregulation of factors critical to B-cell survival may result in pregnancy complications, including hypertension. In this prospective observational study at a single medical center, serum levels of BAFF (B-cell activating factor) were measured in pregnant participants at each trimester, at delivery, and postpartum and in nonpregnant controls at a single time point. Comparisons were made between nonpregnant and pregnant subjects and between time periods of pregnancy. First-trimester serum BAFF levels were further tested for association with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The study included 149 healthy pregnant women, 25 pregnant women with chronic hypertension, and 48 nonpregnant controls. Median first-trimester serum BAFF level (ng/mL) for healthy women (0.90) was lower than median serum BAFF levels for women with chronic hypertension (0.96; P=0.013) and controls (1.00; P=0.002). Serum BAFF levels steadily declined throughout pregnancy, with the median second-trimester level lower than the corresponding first-trimester level (0.77; P=0.003) and the median third-trimester level lower than the corresponding second-trimester level (0.72; P=0.025). The median first-trimester serum BAFF level was elevated in women who subsequently developed hypertension compared with women who remained normotensive (1.02 versus 0.85; P=0.012), with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve being 0.709. First-trimester serum BAFF level may be an early and clinically useful predictor of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  5. Serum procalcitonin and CRP levels in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersoz Galip

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Both C reactive protein (CRP and procalcitonin (PCT are well known acute phase reactant proteins. CRP was reported to increase in metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes. Similarly altered level of serum PCT was found in chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis. The liver is considered the main source of CRP and a source of PCT, however, the serum PCT and CRP levels in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD were not compared previously. Therefore we aimed to study the diagnostic and discriminative role of serum PCT and CRP in NAFLD. Methods Fifty NAFLD cases and 50 healthy controls were included to the study. Liver function tests were measured, body mass index was calculated, and insulin resistance was determined by using a homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR. Ultrasound evaluation was performed for each subject. Serum CRP was measured with nephalometric method. Serum PCT was measured with Kryptor based system. Results Serum PCT levels were similar in steatohepatitis (n 20 and simple steatosis (n 27 patients, and were not different than the control group (0.06 ± 0.01, 0.04 ± 0.01 versus 0.06 ± 0.01 ng/ml respectively. Serum CRP levels were significantly higher in simple steatosis, and steatohepatitis groups compared to healthy controls (7.5 ± 1.6 and 5.2 ± 2.5 versus 2.9 ± 0.5 mg/dl respectively p Conclusion Serum PCT was within normal ranges in patients with simple steatosis or steatohepatitis and has no diagnostic value. Serum CRP level was increased in NAFLD compared to controls. CRP can be used as an additional marker for diagnosis of NAFLD but it has no value in discrimination of steatohepatitis from simple steatosis.

  6. Racial Differences in Serum Cotinine Levels of Smokers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa B. Signorello

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to estimate black/white differences in cotinine levels for current smokers of both sexes, and to explore the potential contribution of mentholated cigarettes to these differences. Sera from 255 current smokers sampled from Southern Community Cohort Study participants (65 black men, 65 black women, 63 white men, 62 white women were analyzed for cotinine, and linear regression was used to model the effect of race on cotinine level, adjusting for the number of cigarettes smoked within the last 24 hours, use of menthol vs. non-menthol cigarettes, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and age. Black smokers smoked fewer cigarettes than white smokers, yet had crude mean cotinine levels nearly as high or higher than white smokers. After multivariate adjustment, cotinine levels were an average of 50 ng/ml higher among black than white women (p=0.008 and non-significantly 12 ng/ml higher among black than white men (p=0.52. We observed no increase in cotinine levels associated with menthol cigarette use. We conclude that differences in cotinine levels among smokers suggest racial variation in exposure to and/or metabolism of tobacco smoke constituents, but our findings do not support a role for menthol preference in this disparity.

  7. Serum Magnesium and Vitamin D Levels as Indicators of Asthma Severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaikh, Mohammed Nadeem; Malapati, Brahma Reddy; Gokani, Ruchi; Patel, Bhavita; Chatriwala, Mitul

    2016-01-01

    Background. Serum magnesium levels affect the concentration of circulating vitamin D in blood and subsequently it affects the immunity; thus it plays significant role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Asthma, in adults, is less studied and hypomagnesemia along with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is common in asthmatic individuals, which causes frequent asthma attacks, respiratory infections, severe exacerbations, and poor response to bronchodilators. Objective. To detect the magnitude of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency and serum magnesium levels among asthmatic patients and to correlate them with the severity of asthma. Materials and Methods. This is a cross-sectional case-control study which includes 60 patients of chronic stable asthma and 60 healthy controls. After taking clinical history and systemic examination, pulmonary function test was done. Serum levels of magnesium, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D], and calcium were measured in all the subjects. Results. Significant correlation was found between vitamin D deficiency, hypomagnesemia, and asthma severity. Serum calcium levels were unaffected by that. Conclusion. Vitamin D and serum magnesium deficiency are highly prevalent in patients with asthma. Increased asthma severity, frequency of attacks, and exacerbation are associated with lower levels of one or both. Serum 25(OH)D and magnesium levels may serve as important markers of asthma severity.

  8. Serum Magnesium and Vitamin D Levels as Indicators of Asthma Severity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Nadeem Shaikh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Serum magnesium levels affect the concentration of circulating vitamin D in blood and subsequently it affects the immunity; thus it plays significant role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Asthma, in adults, is less studied and hypomagnesemia along with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is common in asthmatic individuals, which causes frequent asthma attacks, respiratory infections, severe exacerbations, and poor response to bronchodilators. Objective. To detect the magnitude of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency and serum magnesium levels among asthmatic patients and to correlate them with the severity of asthma. Materials and Methods. This is a cross-sectional case-control study which includes 60 patients of chronic stable asthma and 60 healthy controls. After taking clinical history and systemic examination, pulmonary function test was done. Serum levels of magnesium, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OHD], and calcium were measured in all the subjects. Results. Significant correlation was found between vitamin D deficiency, hypomagnesemia, and asthma severity. Serum calcium levels were unaffected by that. Conclusion. Vitamin D and serum magnesium deficiency are highly prevalent in patients with asthma. Increased asthma severity, frequency of attacks, and exacerbation are associated with lower levels of one or both. Serum 25(OHD and magnesium levels may serve as important markers of asthma severity.

  9. Association between Serum Cortisol and DHEA-S Levels and Response to Antipsychotic Treatment in Schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoja Babinkostova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that alterations in serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. AIM: To compare serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls and to evaluate their association with the response to antipsychotic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this clinical prospective study were included 60 patients with schizophrenia and 40 healthy age and sex matched control subjects. Clinical evaluation of patients was performed using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale. A questionnaire for socio-demographic and clinical data collection was used. For the purposes of the study, the examined group was divided in two subgroups: responders and nonresponders. Serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels were measured at baseline in all participants and after 3 and 6 weeks of the antipsychotic treatment in patients with schizophrenia. RESULTS: Patients with schizophrenia had significantly higher serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels in comparison to the control group. Responders had significantly higher serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels compared with nonresponders. CONCLUSION: Elevated serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and they may be related to positive response to antipsychotic treatment in patients with schizophrenia.

  10. Effect of various physical stress models on serum cortisol level in wistar rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jameel, Mohammed Khaleel; Joshi, Anuradha Rajiv; Dawane, Jayashree; Padwal, Meghana; Joshi, Ar; Pandit, V A; Melinkeri, Rr

    2014-03-01

    Stress indicates the response or reaction of an organism to the environmental circumstances and their outcomes. Acute stress is well known to trigger several hormonal alterations in animals. An increase in glucocorticoid concentration can represent intensity of discomfort or distress experienced by an animal. The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of various physical stress models on serum cortisol level in Wistar male rats. In this study six Wistar male rats weighing 150-200 gm were randomly selected. Animals were exposed to 'forced swim test' and 'restraint test'. Their serum cortisol level was measured by ELISA test using alpha prime ELISA system before and after the tests respectively. RESULTS were analyzed by students paired t-test. Serum cortisol level was significantly higher after forced swim test as well as after restraint test. When both the physical activities were compared, serum cortisol level was increased more after restraint stress than after forced swim test however, the difference was not significant statistically. The rise in serum cortisol level was observed in both the physical activity models . Rise in serum cortisol level was significantly higher after restraint test than exposing them to forced swim test. This indicates that restraining the rats produced more stress than making them forcefully swim.

  11. Correlation of serum homocysteine levels with nerve injury and atherosclerosis in patients with stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gai-Zhuang Liu

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the correlation of serum homocysteine levels with nerve injury and atherosclerosis in patients with stroke. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with ischemic stroke in our hospital between January 2014 and December 2016 were selected and then divided into moderate-severe stenosis group (C group, mild stenosis group (B group and no stenosis group (A group according to carotid artery ultrasonography; healthy volunteers who received physical examination during the same period were chosen as control group. The serum levels of homocysteine, nerve injury indexes and atherosclerosis indexes were detected. Results: Serum Hcy, S100B, NSE, UCH-L1, GFAP, FGF23, CD36, ox-LDL, MMP8 and MMP9 levels of C group, B group and A group were significantly higher than those of control group, and the severer the carotid stenosis, the higher the serum S100B, NSE, UCHL1, GFAP, FGF23, CD36, ox-LDL, MMP8 and MMP9 levels; serum S100B, NSE, UCHL1, GFAP, FGF23, CD36, ox-LDL, MMP8 and MMP9 levels in stoke patients with high Hcy were significantly higher than those of patients with normal Hcy. Conclusions: Serum homocysteine levels increase in patients with stroke and are closely related to the nerve injury and atherosclerosis.

  12. The relationship between serum total testosterone and free testosterone levels with serum hemoglobin and hematocrit levels: a study in 1221 men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yu Seob; You, Jae Hyung; Cha, Jai Seong; Park, Jong Kwan

    2016-12-01

    To investigate the relationship between serum total testosterone (TT) and free testosterone (FT) levels in men with anemia. We reviewed the records of 1221 subjects between March 2009 and December 2014. All the subjects' blood samples were drawn for TT and FT assays. Their serum hemoglobin (Hb) and serum hematocrit (Hct) levels were measured. The primary objective of our study was to investigate the association between TT and FT levels with Hb and Hct levels. The mean age was 59.82 ± 12.71 years. The mean TT and FT levels were 4.54 ± 2.02 ng/mL and 10.63 ± 3.69 pg/mL, respectively. The mean Hb and Hct levels were 14.72 ± 1.34 g/dL and 43.11 ± 3.75%, respectively. Subjects with low TT (Testosterone replacement therapy may be effective in men with hypogonadism to reduce the incidence of anemia.

  13. Influence of air exposure and storage condition on serum ionized magnesium level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, E J; Park, I K

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate whether reporting serum level of ionized magnesium (iMg) is appropriate when affected by various conditions such as exposure to air and delayed measurement. Serum levels of pH, iMg and normalized magnesium (nMg, normalized or adjusted concentration of iMg to pH 7.40) from 28 inpatients were measured at intervals of 3 min after exposing the samples to air at room temperature. Serum from 30 inpatients was stored in closed tubes at 4 degrees C and -20 degrees C and iMg and nMg levels were measured after 2 days. It was found that serum iMg and nMg concentrations exposed to air were decreased by 0.0023 mmol/l and 0.0001 mmol/l per minute, respectively. nMg did not display any significant changes compared with iMg at 0 min, whereas iMg showed significant changes, which exceeded between-day precision. For the stored serum, only iMg of serum at -20 degrees C showed no statistically significant changes (p = 0.169). It is concluded that to report the result as iMg, the sample should be kept anaerobically, and if exposed to air, the result should be reported as nMg. For storage, iMg of serum kept anaerobically at -20 degrees C is reliable.

  14. Association of serum bicarbonate levels with mortality in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovesdy, Csaba P.; Anderson, John E.; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar

    2009-01-01

    Background. Metabolic acidosis, usually manifested by low serum bicarbonate level, is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and appears to be associated with higher mortality in dialysis patients. It is not known whether a similar association is present in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD). Methods. We used multivariable-adjusted Cox models to examine the association between baseline and time-variable serum bicarbonate (measured as total CO2) with the outcomes of all-cause mortality and the composite of pre-dialysis mortality or end-stage renal disease in 1240 male patients with moderate and advanced NDD-CKD. Results. Serum bicarbonate showed a significant U-shaped association with all-cause mortality, with the highest mortality rate observed in patients with baseline serum bicarbonate levels bicarbonate bicarbonate of 26–29 mmol/L. The associations between lower serum bicarbonate level and mortality were more accentuated in subgroups of patients with better nutritional status and lower inflammation. Conclusions. Both lower and higher serum bicarbonates are associated with increased all-cause mortality in patients with moderate and advanced NDD-CKD. Clinical trials are needed to determine if therapeutic interventions aimed at optimizing serum bicarbonate can result in improved outcomes in this population. PMID:19015169

  15. Racial Differences in Serum Adipokine and Insulin Levels in a Matched Osteoarthritis Sample: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Gandhi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. In an attempt to correlate biomarkers with disease, serum-based biomarkers often are compared between individuals with osteoarthritis (OA and control subjects. However, variable results have been reported. Some studies have suggested an association between certain adipokines and insulin and OA. We know that there are racial differences in OA prevalence and incidence, and from general population-based studies, those of Asian race consistently demonstrate a unique adipokine/insulin serum concentration profile as compared to Caucasians. Whether similar racial differences exist within OA samples is unknown and may have implications for selecting appropriate controls in comparative studies. Methods. Serum levels of adipokines, leptin, and adiponectin, along with insulin, were determined by ELISA in patients scheduled for total hip or knee replacement surgery for OA. Fifteen Asian patients were matched 1 : 1 on age (±2 years, gender, body mass index (±1.5 kg/m2, and surgical joint with Caucasian patients. Differences in serum concentrations were tested using paired t-tests. Results. Serum leptin and insulin levels were significantly higher in Asians compared to Caucasians (p<0.05. While serum adiponectin levels were lower among Asians, the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.12. Conclusion. Findings from this work suggest that when studying serum biomarker concentrations in OA versus controls, race may be an important factor to consider. Our findings warrant confirmation in larger studies.

  16. Decreased serum vitamin D levels in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niino, Masaaki; Sato, Shinya; Fukazawa, Toshiyuki; Masaki, Katsuhisa; Miyazaki, Yusei; Matsuse, Dai; Yamasaki, Ryo; Takahashi, Eri; Kikuchi, Seiji; Kira, Jun-ichi

    2015-02-15

    Data regarding vitamin D in multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asia are limited. We investigated whether Japanese MS patients show decreased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], and vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) during winter. Mean serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D levels were significantly lower in MS patients than in controls. There were no significant differences in serum 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2D, and DBP levels between patients or between controls from northern Japan (Hokkaido) and southern Japan (Kyushu). Serum vitamin D levels were low in Japanese MS patients but did not differ in patients from northern and southern Japan. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Serum and Ascitic Fluid Superoxide Dismutase and Malondialdehyde Levels in Patients with Cirrhosis

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    Ugur Coskun

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Serum and ascitic fluid superoxide dismutase (SOD and malondialdehyde (MDA levels were measured in 43 patients with cirrhosis and in a 10 healthy control group. Compensated cirrhotic patients had no clinically detectable ascites, but decompensated patients had massive ascites. Cirrhotic patients were divided into three groups: patients with compensated cirrhosis (n = 16, patients with decompensated cirrhosis with Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP (n = 14, and patients with decompensated cirrhosis without SBP (n = 13. All cirrhotic patients in the experimental group had significantly higher serum SOD (p 0.05. These results suggest that the increase in serum SOD and MDA levels are not related to the presence of SBP and the status of liver cirrhosis. To sum up, clarifying the impact of increased serum SOD and MDA levels in cirrhotic patients needs further investigation.

  18. High serum YKL-40 level after surgery for colorectal carcinoma is related to short survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cintin, Christina; Johansen, Julia S; Christensen, Ib Jarle

    2002-01-01

    obtained pre- and postoperatively from 324 patients who underwent curative resection (Dukes Stage A: 47; B: 148; C: 119; and D: 10). The patients were followed with serum YKL-40 levels every 6 months postoperatively, and the median followup time was 82 months (range, 68-95). In that period 146 patients...... died. RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 was significantly decreased in the first postoperative blood sample in 62% of patients with high preoperative levels. In addition, patients with high serum YKL-40 (adjusted for age) six months after curative operation had significantly shorter survival times (P = 0......BACKGROUND: YKL-40 is a member of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases. YKL-40 is a growth factor and may stimulate migration of endothelial cells. YKL-40 may also play a role in inflammation and degradation of connective tissue. Elevated preoperative serum YKL-40 levels in patients with colorectal...

  19. Serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 levels are elevated in myasthenia gravis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romi, Fredrik R; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Luckman, Steven P

    2008-03-01

    MMP-3 is capable of degrading a variety of proteins, including agrin, which plays a critical role in neuromuscular signalling by controlling acetylcholine receptor clustering. The degradation of agrin by MMP-3 may disrupt the neuromuscular junction leading to a failure of neuromuscular transmission and muscle weakness. We have therefore examined the levels of MMP-3 in 116 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and 90 healthy controls. A significant elevation in MMP-3 levels was observed in 10% of seronegative and 17% of seropositive MG patients, indicating that MMP-3 may play a pathogenic role in a proportion of MG patients.

  20. Body mass index and its effect on serum cortisol level

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-08-21

    Aug 21, 2014 ... Subjects, Materials and Methods: Seventy healthy participants agreed to take part in the study. The anthropometric .... administered, the blood sample was drawn for cortisol level at 30 min. The samples were ... BMI=Body mass index, WC=Waist circumference, SBP=Systolic blood pressure, DBP=Diastolic ...

  1. Normal serum levels of immune complexes in postpolio patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melin, Eva; Sohrabian, Azita; Rönnelid, Johan; Borg, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    The pathophysiology of the postpolio syndrome is not fully understood. Increased cytokine levels in cerebrospinal fluid and peripheral blood indicate a systemic inflammatory process. Decreased cytokine levels and the clinical effect of intravenous immunoglobulin treatment further indicate an inflammatory/immunological pathogenesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether an autoimmune process follows the initial infection, by means of analyzing immune complexes. Circulating immune complexes were analyzed from blood samples of 20 postpolio patients and 95 healthy controls. To compensate for differences in age between patients and controls, a sub-analysis was performed using only the 30 oldest controls. Tumor necrosis factor-inducing properties of polyethylene glycol-precipitated immune complexes were compared between the postpolio patients and 10 healthy controls. When comparing levels in postpolio patients to the whole control group, including the 30 oldest investigated, there were no statistically significant differences. No difference was found in tumor necrosis factor levels induced by immune complexes when comparing patients and controls. There was no increase in circulating immune complex or in tumor necrosis factor-inducing effects of circulating immune complex between postpolio patients and healthy controls, indicating that the postpolio syndrome is not due to an autoimmune reaction.

  2. Serum Antioxidant Vitamins Levels in Children with Sickle Cell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sickle cell anaemia is associated with elevated oxidative stress via increase generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and decline in antioxidant defences. Increased oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the development of sickle cell anaemic complications. In the current study, vitamins A, C, and E levels were ...

  3. Serum resistin levels in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and their ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Resistin is a hormone that is linked to the development of insulin resistance (IR), but information on the direct relationship of resistin levels in humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and their effect on the histological severity of NAFLD, is lacking. Objective: The aim of the current study is to ...

  4. Serum protein and enzyme levels in rats following administration of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effects of caffeinated and non-caffeinated paracetamol administration, with or without vitamins A and E supplementation on the protein and enzyme levels in Wistar albino rats were investigated using cafeinated paracetamol and paracetamol as caffeinated and non-caffeinated paracetamol respectively, and water ...

  5. Serum zinc levels in hospitalized children with acute lower ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Macronutrient deficiency has continued to attract significant research interest, whereas the import of micronutrients like zinc has only recently become the focus of interest. Thus against the background of a dearth of data on zinc levels in Nigerian children with Acute Lower Respiratory Infection (ALRI), this study ...

  6. Association between serum transferrin receptor levels and malaria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The relationship between body iron levels and malaria presents a complex interaction that provide variable and contradicting results. We designed a study to investigate associations between concentrations of biomarkers of body iron and malaria recurrence among children. Methods: We conducted a ...

  7. False high level in total bilirubin estimation in nonicteric serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In day to day clinical biochemistry laboratory practices, occasionally abnormal levels of individual parameters are noted. These reports cannot be explained immediately with certainty always. Inquisitiveness with in-depth analysis might reveal the possible cause sometimes. To find out the possible cause of false elevation in ...

  8. Serum Soluble (Pro)Renin Receptor Levels in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amari, Yoshifumi; Morimoto, Satoshi; Nakajima, Fumitaka; Ando, Takashi; Ichihara, Atsuhiro

    2016-01-01

    The (pro)renin receptor [(P)RR] is cleaved by furin to generate soluble (P)RR [s(P)RR], which reflects the status of the tissue renin-angiotensin system. Hemodialysis patients have advanced atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between serum s(P)RR levels and background factors, including indices of atherosclerosis, in hemodialysis patients. Serum s(P)RR levels were measured in hemodialysis patients and clearance of s(P)RR through the membrane of the dialyzer was examined. Furthermore, relationships between serum s(P)RR levels and background factors were assessed. Serum s(P)RR levels were significantly higher in hemodialysis patients (30.4 ± 6.1 ng/ml, n = 258) than those in subjects with normal renal function (21.4 ± 6.2 ng/ml, n = 39, P ankle-brachial index (ABI) of hemodialysis patients when compared with subjects with normal renal function, although s(P)RR is dialyzed to some extent, but to a lesser extent than creatinine. High serum s(P)RR levels may be associated with atherosclerosis independent of other risk factors, suggesting that serum s(P)RR could be used as a marker for atherosclerotic conditions in hemodialysis patients.

  9. Serum periostin level is not associated with allergic rhinitis or allergic sensitization in Korean children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong Young; Kim, Jeong Hong; Lee, Keun-Hwa; Hong, Seong-Chul; Lee, Hye-Sook; Kang, Ju Wan

    2017-02-01

    Periostin is a matricellular protein, synthesized in the airway epithelium and induced by interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13. The significance of periostin as a biomarker of T helper type 2 cell (Th2)-induced airway inflammation, and as a measure of the response to Th2-targeted therapy, has recently been highlighted. We explored the relationship between serum periostin and allergic rhinitis in Korean children. Data for fifth and sixth grade children from six randomly selected elementary schools located in Jeju and Seogwipo City, Korea, were investigated. Serum periostin levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sex, school grade, body mass index, and presence of allergic nasal symptoms were obtained via a self-reported survey and skin prick testing was performed. There were no significant differences between groups, when stratification was applied according to sex, grade, presence of atopy, and presence of allergic nasal symptoms. Sex and body mass index were significantly associated with serum periostin levels in multivariate linear regression analysis. However, allergic rhinitis was not associated with serum periostin levels. Allergic rhinitis or allergic sensitization in Korean children did not influence serum periostin levels. Further studies are required to investigate the significance of serum periostin levels in pediatric allergic rhinitis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Treatment with digoxin and measurement of serum digoxin levels after myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpe, D N; Norris, R M; McL White, B

    1975-05-01

    Forty-nine patients admitted to a Coronary Care Unit with myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular failure, were treated with 1.75 mg Lanoxin over 36 hours. Serum digoxin levels were measured by radioimmunoassay at 8, 24, and 48 hours. No difference in serum levels was observed between those patients who received 'old' (reduced bioavailability) and those who received 'new' Lanoxin. Serum levels were significantly higher at 8 and 24 hours in those patients who received their first dose intramuscularly compared with those who received their first dose orally, irrespective of the bioavailability of the oral preparation used. No correlation was observed between serum digoxin levels and serum urea or creatinine during the 48-hour period of study. The incidence of arrhythmias is reported, but no conclusion can be drawn as to whether or not the glycoside contributed to this in any way. The use of digoxin in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular failure is justifiable in the light of available evidence. However, in view of the possible predisposition of such patients to toxicity, lower serum levels than were achieved in many of our patients seem desirable and a modified dosage schedule is suggested.

  11. Acute endurance exercise lowers serum fibroblast growth factor 21 levels in Japanese men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Hirokazu; Tanisawa, Kumpei; Sun, Xiaomin; Higuchi, Mitsuru

    2016-12-01

    The independent effects of acute endurance exercise on FGF21 metabolism are poorly understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether acute endurance exercise modulates serum postprandial FGF21 levels in an age-dependent manner. Exercise intervention trial. Twenty-eight subjects participated in the experiment, of whom 13 were excluded mainly because of a serum FGF21 level below the limit of detection. Thus, data from seven young (age: 18-22 years) and eight elderly male subjects (age: 62-69 years) were analysed. Participants were asked to perform a cycling exercise for 30 min at 70% maximal oxygen uptake, following carbohydrate intake. Blood samples were collected pre-exercise and 0 min, 30 min, 1 h, 3 h and 24 h after the cessation of exercise. Serum FGF21 levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Higher serum FGF21 was observed in the elderly subjects group throughout the experiment (P exercise, whereas serum FGF21 levels were significantly lower 24 h after the exercise compared with those pre-exercise, 0 min, 30 min and 1 h after the cessation of exercise in both groups (P exercise lowers serum FGF21 levels 24 h following exercise. The results suggest that acute endurance exercise modulates postprandial FGF21 metabolism regardless of age. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Serum prolactin, leptin, lipids and lipoproteins levels during antipsychotics treatment in Parkinson's disease and related psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustembegovic, Avdo; Sofic, Emin; Wichart, Ildiko

    2006-01-01

    Weight gain is a common adverse effect associated with the use of most typical and atypical antipsychotic. Aim of this study was to investigate serum prolactin, leptin, cholesterol, triglyceride, lipoproteins, such high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD)-related psychosis during long-term medication with atypical antipsychotic. The study population comprised 40 patients, who were divided into 4 groups: olanzapine (n=10), risperidone (n=10), seroquel (n=10) monotherapy, a group of 10 patients receiving only antiparkinson drugs and a control group of 8 healthy persons. The patients were evaluated at baseline and at the sixth and twelfth week according to the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), body mass index (BMI), and fasting serum prolactin, leptin, lipids and lipoproteins levels. Treatment of patients with olanzapine caused marked increase of serum LDL, cholesterol, triglyceride, and leptin levels (p<0,02). No changes in HDL concentrations. There was positive relationship between serum leptin, lipid levels and BMI. However, treatment of patients with seroquel did not cause changes in serum prolactin, leptin, lipids, and lipoproteins levels. Our results suggest that treatment of patients with PD-related psychosis with seroquel appears to have minimal influence on serum leptin, prolactin, lipids, lipoproteins and BMI compared with olanzapine and risperidone.

  13. Elevated Angiopoietin-1 Serum Levels in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitte Schreitmüller

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Alzheimer's disease (AD is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. AD is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles and by massive neuronal loss in the brain. There is epidemiologic and pathologic evidence that AD is associated with vascular risk factors and vascular diseases, contributing to cerebral hypoperfusion with consecutive stimulation of angiogenesis and upregulation of proangiogenic factors such as Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1. Methods. In the present study, we measured Ang-1 serum levels in 42 patients with AD, 20 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, and in 40 healthy elderly controls by ELISA. Results. We found significantly increased Ang-1 serum levels in patients with AD compared to control subjects (P=0.003. There was no significant difference between MCI patients and healthy controls (P=0.553 or between AD and MCI patients (P=0.054. The degree of cognitive impairment as measured by the mini-mental status examination (MMSE score was significantly correlated with the Ang-1 serum levels in all patients and healthy controls. Conclusions. We found significantly increased Ang-1 serum levels in AD patients. We could also show an association between Ang-1 serum levels and the cognitive status in all patients and healthy controls. Thus, serum Ang-1 could be a potential candidate for a biomarker panel for AD diagnosis.

  14. Serum albumin levels and their correlates among individuals with motor disorders at five institutions in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohwada, Hiroko; Nakayama, Takeo; Kanaya, Yuki; Tanaka, Yuki

    2017-02-01

    The level of serum albumin is an index of nourishment care and management. However, the distribution and correlates of serum albumin levels among individuals with motor disorders have not been reported until now. Therefore, we examined the distribution and correlates of serum albumin levels among individuals with motor disorders. A cross-sectional study on 249 individuals with motor disabilities (144 men, mean age: 51.4 years; 105 women, mean age: 51.4 years) was conducted at five institutions in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan in 2008. The results were compared with data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey. The mean serum albumin levels were 4.0 ± 0.4 g/dL for men and 3.8 ± 0.5 g/dL for women. Overall, 17 (11.8%) men and 25 (23.8%) women had hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin level ≤ 3.5 g/dL); these proportions were greater than those among healthy Japanese adults (≤ 1%). Low serum albumin level was related with female sex, older age, low calf circumference, low relative daily energy intake, low hemoglobin (Hb), low blood platelet count, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low HbA1c, and high C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. The strongest correlates, based on standardized betas, were Hb (0.321), CRP (-0.279), and HDL-C (0.279) levels. These results indicate that the prevalence of hypoalbuminemia is higher in individuals with motor disabilities than in healthy individuals and that inflammation is a strong negative correlate of serum albumin levels. Therefore, inflammation should be examined for the assessment of hypoalbuminemia among institutionalized individuals with motor disabilities.

  15. Age-Dependent Decrease in Serum Transforming Growth Factor (TGF-Beta 1 in Healthy Japanese Individuals; Population Study of Serum TGF-Beta 1 Level in Japanese

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    Yoshihiro Okamoto

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1, a multi-functional cytokine, is involved in regulating a variety of cellular activities and the serum/plasma TGF-β1 level is altered with various diseases. However, most published reports have described adult patients, and so we investigated the clinical significance of serum TGF-β1 level in pediatric patients. The diagnostic application of the measurement of serum TGF-β1 level depends critically on the control value, however, there is no information on the control value of serum TGF-β1 for children.

  16. Ambient and at-the-ear occupational noise exposure and serum lipid levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arlien-Søborg, Mai C; Schmedes, Astrid S; Stokholm, Z A

    2016-01-01

    workers to obtain contrast in noise exposure levels. They provided a serum sample and wore portable dosimeters that every 5-s recorded ambient noise exposure levels during a 24-h period. We extracted measurements obtained during work and calculated the full-shift mean ambient noise level. For 331 workers......OBJECTIVES: Occupational and residential noise exposure has been related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Alteration of serum lipid levels has been proposed as a possible causal pathway. The objective of this study was to investigate the relation between ambient and at......-the-ear occupational noise exposure and serum levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and triglycerides when accounting for well-established predictors of lipid levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 424 industrial workers and 84 financial...

  17. Relationship of Serum Procalcitonin Levels to Severity and Prognosis in Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ruimei; Gong, Yansheng; Wang, Yuzhen

    2015-10-01

    To investigate the relationship between serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels and prognosis in children with bacterial meningitis. Eighty-two child patients were included in this prospective study. The diagnosis of meningitis was based on clinical features and cerebrospinal fluid findings. PCT levels were measured with a specific immunoluminometric assay. (a) Patients with bacterial meningitis had significantly higher serum PCT than those with viral meningitis. (b) The PCT levels of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were significantly higher than those who had no or mild sepsis. (c) PCT levels decreased significantly in patients who had good curative effect, whereas PCT levels did not changed in patients who had no curative effect. (d) The PCT levels were significantly higher in those who died than those who survived. Serum PCT is related to the severity of disease in children with bacterial meningitis. A fall in PCT after treatment may have favorable prognostic significance. © The Author(s) 2015.

  18. Serum Survivin Levels and Outcome of Chemotherapy in Patients with Malignant Mesothelioma

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    Katja Goričar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis protein involved in the regulation of cell proliferation that could be used as a marker for cancer diagnosis or prognosis. Our aim was to evaluate whether serum survivin levels influence the outcome of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with malignant mesothelioma (MM. Methods. Serum survivin levels were determined using human survivin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 78 MM patients before chemotherapy, after chemotherapy, and at disease progression. The influence on tumor response and survival was evaluated using nonparametric tests and Cox regression. Results. A median serum survivin level at diagnosis was 4.1 (0–217.5 pg/mL. Patients with a progressive disease had significantly higher survivin levels before chemotherapy (p = 0.041. A median serum survivin level after chemotherapy was 73.1 (0–346.2 pg/mL. If survivin levels increased after chemotherapy, patients had, conversely, better response (p = 0.001, OR = 5.40, 95% CI = 1.98–14.72. Unexpectedly, patients with increased survivin levels after chemotherapy also had longer progression-free (p < 0.001, HR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.20–0.57 and overall survival (p = 0.001, HR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.14–0.58. Conclusions. These results suggest that serum survivin levels before and during chemotherapy could serve as a biomarker predicting MM treatment response.

  19. Elevated levels of serum alpha(2) macroglobulin in wild black bears during hibernation.

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    Sheikh, Ashfaq M; Chauhan, Ved; Tsiouris, John A; Mehta, Pankaj D; Burguess, Kelcey; Fenko, Michael D; Spivack, Warren; Vaughan, Michael; Malik, Mazhar

    2003-10-01

    Bear serum alpha(2) macroglobulin (alpha(2)M) was purified by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and partially characterized by tryptic digestion of alpha(2)M and analysis of the peptides by peptide mass fingerprinting. The molecular weight of bear serum alpha(2)M was 181 kDa, same as for human serum alpha(2)M, on SDS-PAGE. However, the MALDI mass spectrum of the tryptic digested bear serum alpha(2)M showed that it is different from human alpha(2)M or other data bank proteins. Liquid chromatography (LC)/mass spectrometry (MS)/MS of the proteolytic products of bear serum alpha(2)M showed eight peptides that had similarities to human alpha(2)M suggesting that the protein of interest was indeed alpha(2)M of bear. The polyclonal antibody against bear serum alpha(2)M recognized only one protein from the western blot of bear serum proteins. It also recognized human alpha(2)M. The levels of serum alpha(2)M were significantly increased during hibernating state as compared to active state of bears indicating its protective role from the consequences of the metabolic depression during hibernation.

  20. Changes in serum levels of lipopolysaccharides and CD26 in patients with Crohn's disease

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    Kotze, Paulo Gustavo; Martinez, Carlos Augusto Real; Camargo, Michel Gardere; Guadagnini, Dioze; Calixto, Antonio Ramos; Vasques, Ana Carolina Junqueira; Ayrizono, Maria de Lourdes Setsuko; Geloneze, Bruno; Pareja, José Carlos; Saad, Mario José; Coy, Claudio Saddy Rodrigues

    2017-01-01

    Background/Aims Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a molecule formed by lipids and polysaccharides and is the major cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria. High LPS levels are known to block CD26 expression by activating Toll-like receptor 4. The aim of this study was to correlate the serum levels of LPS and CD26 in Crohn's disease (CD) patients with serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukins, CD activity index, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Methods Serum samples were collected from 27 individuals (10 with active CD, 10 with inactive CD, and 7 controls) and the levels of LPS, CD26, TNF-α, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-17, and CRP were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of LPS and CD26 were then tested for correlation with TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, and CRP. Results Serum levels of LPS were significantly elevated in the active CD group (P=0.003). Levels of IL-1β (P=0.002), IL-6 (P=0.003), and IL-17 (P<0.001) were lower in the CD groups. Serum TNF-α levels were increased in the active CD group. The CRP levels were elevated in the CD groups when compared to controls (P<0.001). The CD26 levels were lower in the CD groups than in the control group (P<0.001). Among the variables analyzed, there was a correlation between LPS and CRP (r=−0.53, P=0.016) in the CD groups. Conclusions Individuals with CD exhibited higher serum levels of LPS varying from a 2- to 6-fold increase depending on disease activity, when compared with healthy controls. CD26 levels were lower in the CD groups. Both LPS and CD26 correlated with disease severity and serve as potential CD biomarkers. PMID:28670232

  1. Changes in serum levels of lipopolysaccharides and CD26 in patients with Crohn's disease

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    Daniéla Oliveira Magro

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS is a molecule formed by lipids and polysaccharides and is the major cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria. High LPS levels are known to block CD26 expression by activating Toll-like receptor 4. The aim of this study was to correlate the serum levels of LPS and CD26 in Crohn's disease (CD patients with serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP, interleukins, CD activity index, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α.Methods: Serum samples were collected from 27 individuals (10 with active CD, 10 with inactive CD, and 7 controls and the levels of LPS, CD26, TNF-α, interleukin-1β (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, and CRP were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of LPS and CD26 were then tested for correlation with TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, and CRP.Results: Serum levels of LPS were significantly elevated in the active CD group (P=0.003. Levels of IL-1β (P=0.002, IL-6 (P=0.003, and IL-17 (P<0.001 were lower in the CD groups. Serum TNF-α levels were increased in the active CD group. The CRP levels were elevated in the CD groups when compared to controls (P<0.001. The CD26 levels were lower in the CD groups than in the control group (P<0.001. Among the variables analyzed, there was a correlation between LPS and CRP (r=−0.53, P=0.016 in the CD groups.Conclusions: Individuals with CD exhibited higher serum levels of LPS varying from a 2- to 6-fold increase depending on disease activity, when compared with healthy controls. CD26 levels were lower in the CD groups. Both LPS and CD26 correlated with disease severity and serve as potential CD biomarkers.

  2. Association among serum cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels and psychiatric symptoms in men with chronic schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Rui; Li, Yan

    2017-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine possible associations of serum levels of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) with psychiatric symptoms in men with chronic schizophrenia. This retrospective study involved 162 men with schizophrenia and 138 age-matched healthy controls, for whom data were collected on demographic characteristics, age at disease onset, disease duration, positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) scores, and history of atypical antipsychotic treatment. Serum levels of cortisol and DHEA-S were calculated, as well as the ratios of the two levels. Possible correlations were explored between these levels and psychiatric symptoms before and after antipsychotic treatment. Serum levels of cortisol and DHEA-S levels as well as the ratios of cortisol to DHEA-S levels were higher in patients than in controls (p cortisol and DHEA-S were significantly lower after treatment than before (p cortisol to DHEA-S levels remained similar. Serum levels of cortisol, DHEA-S and the ratios of the two levels were positively correlated with the negative symptoms score on the PANSS. The pathophysiology of schizophrenia may involve in the spread levels of cortisol and DHEA-S. These levels may serve as biomarkers for diagnosing schizophrenia and monitoring treatment efficacy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Role of maternal serum homocysteine level on fetal birth weight

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    Afrina Begum

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study has been conducted to investigate the role of plasma homocysteine on neonatal birth weight.Methods: This prospective cross sectional analytical study was conducted in the inpatient department of obstetrics & gynecology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital on 120 term, singleton pregnant women. Pregnant women with plasma total bomocysteine >15 µmol/L were termed as having hyperhomocysteinemia (case, n = 25, while women with plasma total homocysteine ≤15 µmol/L were considered as notmal (control, n = 95. Neonatal birth weight was the main outcome variable which was compared between case and control groups. Result: The entire women in the case group were in their 3rd decades, while 80% of the control group were in this age range and 10% was below 20 and 10% above 30 years old. The cases were older than the controls (25.6 ± 2.0 vs. 23.7 ± 4.7 years, p = 0.051 . Over three-quarters (76% of the cases were SSC level educated, while majority (84.2% of the controls was primary level educated. Eighty percent of the neonates born of mothers with hyperhomocysteinemia were of low birth weight as opposed to only 9.5% in the control group. The mothers of case-group carry nearly 40(95% of CI= 11.5 - 126.4 times higher risk of having low birth weight babies than the mothers with nonnal homocysteine level. The mean birth weight of neonates of case group was observed to be significantly higher (2.8 ± 0.4 kg than that of control group (2.2 ± 0.4 kg. Correlation between the two variables shows that as plasma homocysteine level of women increases the birth weight of neonates decreases bearing an inverse relationship between these two variables (r = - 0.326, p < 0.001 . Conclusion: Pregnant women with elevated plasma total homocysteine carry much higher risk of giving low birth weight babies than the women with normal or low level of total homocysteine. Thus, measuring total homcysteine during pregnancy is of much clinical importance as

  4. Clinical significance of MCP-1 levels in BALF and serum in patients with interstitial lung diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suga, M; Iyonaga, K; Ichiyasu, H; Saita, N; Yamasaki, H; Ando, M

    1999-08-01

    It has previously been reported that the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the lung tissues of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) was different from that in the tissues of patients with other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). The aim of this study was to determine whether this difference reflects the amount of MCP-1 in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) or serum of patients with ILD, and whether such a correlation, if it exists, is clinically useful. MCP-1 concentrations in the BALF and sera were evaluated in 86 patients with ILDs including IPF, acute interstitial pneumonia, interstitial pneumonia with collagen vascular disease (IP-CVD), chronic interstitial pneumonia (CIP), bronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia, sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and in 10 normal healthy volunteers who were controls (NC). BALF MCP-1 levels were significantly elevated in the IPF, IP-CVD, CIP and sarcoidosis groups compared with the NC group. The level in the IPF group was significantly higher than that in any other patient group. Serum MCP-1 levels in the IPF, IP-CVD, CIP and sarcoidosis groups were significantly higher than the NC group. No statistical difference was found in serum MCP-1 levels between the IPF, IP-CVD and CIP groups. BALF MCP-1 levels were significantly higher than serum MCP-1 levels in the IPF group and lower than in the IP-CVD and CIP groups. Serum MCP-1 levels correlated with the clinical course of ILD treated with corticosteroid therapy. These results show that measurement of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels in both bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and serum may be helpful in discriminating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis from other types of interstitial lung disease and that monitoring of serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 may be useful for predicting the clinical course of interstitial lung diseases.

  5. Value of serum bilirubin levels in selecting patients for magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haroun, Azmi A; Al-Hadidi, Azmy M; Tarawneh, Imad S; Mahafza, Waleed S; Shennak, Mustafa

    2007-06-01

    To determine the value of serum bilirubin levels in selecting patients for MRCP. The medical records of 142 patients who underwent MRCP between January 2002 and December 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features, serum bilirubin levels, and MRCP results were recorded. The patients were categorized into 4 groups, according to serum bilirubin levels and MRCP findings. Bilirubin levels were considered elevated above 23.9 micromol/L for total bilirubin and above 6.8 micromol/L for direct bilirubin. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and predictive values of serum bilirubin levels in identifying pancreatobiliary duct diseases were assessed. Complete medical records were found for 135 patients. Abnormal MRCP results were found in 75 patients (56%). Choledocholithiasis and both malignant and benign bile duct strictures represented 40%, 28%, and 23% of abnormal MRCP findings, respectively, with mean values of total and direct serum bilirubin levels of 77.9 +/- 51.6 microM and 34.7 +/- 30.3 microM (for choledocholithiasis), 170 +/- 115 microM and 56 +/- 40 microM (for malignant bile duct stricture), and 44 +/- 32 microM and 20 +/- 16 microM (for benign bile duct stricture), respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of serum bilirubin level tests, for the diagnoses of pancreatobiliary duct diseases, were 77%, 80%, and 79%, respectively; the positive and negative predictive values were 83% and 74%, respectively, and the corresponding likelihood ratios were 3.8 and 0.3. Serum bilirubin level tests alone are not sufficiently accurate for the diagnoses of pancreatobiliary duct diseases, and hence, such tests are of low importance in selecting patients for MRCP.

  6. The Prognostic Value of C-Reactive Protein Serum Levels in Patients with Uterine Leiomyosarcoma.

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    Richard Schwameis

    Full Text Available C-reactive protein (CRP has previously been shown to serve as a prognostic parameter in women with gynecologic malignancies. Due to the lack of valid prognostic markers for uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS this study set out to investigate the value of pre-treatment CRP serum levels as prognostic parameter.Data of women with ULMS were extracted from databases of three Austrian centres for gynaecologic oncology. Pre-treatment CRP serum levels were measured and correlated with clinico-pathological parameters. Univariate and multivariable survival analyses were performed.In total, 53 patients with ULMS were included into the analysis. Mean (SD CRP serum level was 3.46 mg/dL (3.96. Solely, an association between pre-treatment CRP serum levels and tumor size (p = 0.04 but no other clinic-pathologic parameter such as tumor stage (p = 0.16, or histological grade (p = 0.07, was observed. Univariate and multivariable survival analyses revealed that CRP serum levels (HR 2.7 [1.1-7.2], p = 0.037 and tumor stage (HR 6.1 [1.9-19.5], p = 0.002 were the only independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS in patients with ULMS. Patients with high pre-treatment CRP serum levels showed impaired OS compared to women with low levels (5-year-OS rates: 22.6% and 52.3%, p = 0.007.High pre-treatment CRP serum levels were independently associated with impaired prognosis in women with ULMS and might serve as a prognostic parameter in these patients.

  7. Serum cortisol levels in patients admitted to the department of medicine: Prognostic correlations and effects of age, infection, and comorbidity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman-Pikielny, Pnina; Roash, Vanessa; Chen, Ofer; Limor, Rona; Stern, Naftali; Gur, Hanan Guzner

    2006-08-01

    In contrast to healthy adults or critically ill patients, data on serum cortisol levels in noncritically ill patients admitted to general internal medicine wards has not been well characterized. We aimed to describe the distribution and range of serum cortisol levels in patients admitted to the department of medicine, to discover whether old age, severe infections, or comorbidity induced a blunted hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) response and whether initial serum cortisol value had a prognostic significance. Morning (8 am) serum cortisol level together with epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed for 252 consecutive adult (age > or = 18 yrs) patients admitted to the department of internal medicine during a 6-weeks period. The mean serum cortisol level (541 +/- 268 nmol/L) was within the normal range. Only one patient had a low serum cortisol level of 72 nmol/L, whereas the majority of patients had either normal (80%) or increased (19%) serum cortisol levels. Older age, sepsis, prolonged duration of fever, higher comorbidity score, and higher serum creatinine level were each associated with significantly higher serum cortisol level. In addition, a higher serum cortisol level was significantly related to longer hospitalization and higher in-hospital mortality rate. Serum cortisol level positively correlated with age, disease severity, and outcome. All admitted patients, except one, had normal to high serum cortisol. Whether this increased cortisol level is an adequate HPA response or less than required for the disease-induced stress should be investigated in further studies.

  8. Dietary acid, age, and serum bicarbonate levels among adults in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodu, Afolarin; Abramowitz, Matthew K

    2013-12-01

    Greater dietary acid has been associated with lower serum bicarbonate levels in patients with CKD. Whether this association extends to the general population and if it is modified by age are unknown. This study examined the association of the dietary acid load, estimated by net endogenous acid production, with serum bicarbonate levels in adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. The mean serum bicarbonate was 24.9 mEq/L (SEM=0.1), and the mean estimated net endogenous acid production was 57.4 mEq/d (SEM=0.4). Serum bicarbonate was linearly associated with age, such that the oldest participants had the highest serum bicarbonate levels. After multivariable adjustment, participants in the highest quartile of net endogenous acid production had 0.40 mEq/L (95% confidence interval, -0.55 to -0.26) lower serum bicarbonate and a 33% (95% confidence interval, 3 to 72) higher likelihood of acidosis compared with those participants in the lowest quartile. There was a significant interaction by age of the association of net endogenous acid production with serum bicarbonate (P=0.005). Among participants 20-39, 40-59, and ≥60 years old, those participants in the highest net endogenous acid production quartile had 0.26 (95% confidence interval, -0.49 to -0.03), 0.60 (95% confidence interval, -0.92 to -0.29), and 0.49 (95% confidence interval, -0.84 to -0.14) mEq/L lower serum bicarbonate, respectively, compared with participants in the lowest quartile. Greater dietary acid is associated with lower serum bicarbonate in the general US population, and the magnitude of this association is greater among middle-aged and elderly persons than younger adults.

  9. Serum Phosphorus Levels in Premature Infants Receiving a Donor Human Milk Derived Fortifier

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    Katherine E. Chetta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An elevated serum phosphorus (P has been anecdotally described in premature infants receiving human milk fortified with donor human milk-derived fortifier (HMDF. No studies have prospectively investigated serum P in premature infants receiving this fortification strategy. In this single center prospective observational cohort study, extremely premature infants ≤1250 grams (g birth weight (BW were fed an exclusive human milk-based diet receiving HMDF and serum P levels were obtained. We evaluated 93 infants with a mean gestational age of 27.5 ± 2.0 weeks (Mean ± SD and BW of 904 ± 178 g. Seventeen infants (18.3% had at least one high serum P level with a mean serum P of 9.2 ± 1.1 mg/dL occurring at 19 ± 11 days of life. For all infants, the highest serum P was inversely correlated to the day of life of the infant (p < 0.001, R2 = 0.175 and positively correlated with energy density of HMDF (p = 0.035. Serum P was not significantly related to gender, BW, gestational age, or days to full feeds. We conclude that the incidence of hyperphosphatemia was mild and transient in this population. The risk decreased with infant age and was unrelated to gender, BW, or ethnicity.

  10. Reduced NGF serum levels and abnormal P300 event-related potential in first episode schizophrenia.

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    Xiong, Peng; Zeng, Yong; Zhu, Zuxin; Tan, Deyong; Xu, Fei; Lu, Jin; Wan, Jing; Ma, Mingxing

    2010-06-01

    Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a crucial role in central nervous system neuron plasticity. Low levels of serum NGF in schizophrenic patients suggest that the neurotrophin contributes to the pathogenesis of the disease. NGF is also thought to alter characteristics of event-related brain potential (ERP) components. The auditory-evoked P300 ERP component, considered an index of brain activity, has reduced amplitude in acute and chronic schizophrenia. This study evaluated the relationship among serum NGF levels, P300 characteristics, and Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) scores in first episode, neuroleptic naive schizophrenic patients (N=30) and healthy controls (N=28). Serum NGF was measured by ELISA and P300 elicited using auditory oddball paradigm. Compared to control subjects, schizophrenic patients had significantly reduced serum NGF (pP300 amplitudes at Fz (p=0.003). Additionally, there was a positive correlation between serum NGF serum and P300 amplitude at Fz. No correlation was found between serum NGF or P300 characteristics and PANSS scores. These results suggest that the effects of NGF in schizophrenia are related not only to regulation of neurodevelopment, but also to the electrophysiological characteristics of nerve growth factor. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Elevated levels of soluble urokinase receptor in serum from mycobacteria infected patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostrowski, S R; Ravn, P; Hoyer-Hansen, G

    2006-01-01

    In search for a serological marker, which may be used to monitor treatment efficacy in patients with extra-pulmonary mycobacterial infections, serum samples were collected prospectively from patients during a 6-months treatment period. The levels of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator......). suPAR levels were elevated to more than double (median 7.7 ng/ml, range 5.6-25.8) compared to levels previously reported for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. The serum suPAR levels however remained high during the entire treatment period. This may reflect that significant inflammatory activity...

  12. Serum lipid resistance to oxidation and uric acid levels in subjects with Down's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagyová, A; Sustrová, M; Raslová, K

    2000-01-01

    In subjects with Down's syndrome (DS) increased oxidative stress and consequent oxidative cell damage have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess whether the excessive production of free oxygen radicals in these subjects can affect the copper-induced lipid oxidation resistance measured in fresh whole serum. Since a significant elevation of serum uric acid levels, which is an efficient hydrophilic antioxidant, has been repeatedly reported in subjects with DS, we studied the association between increased serum uric acid levels and lipid resistance to oxidation measured directly in serum samples by monitoring the change in absorbance at 234 nm. The group of subjects with Down's syndrome consisted of 25 individuals (aged 18+/-5 years). Control group included brothers and sisters of subjects with DS (n = 25, aged 17+/-7 years). In subjects with DS, the serum lipid resistance to oxidation (lag time) was significantly higher than in controls (puric acid levels was observed (puric acid concentration was found in subjects with DS (r = 0.48, puric acid levels repeatedly observed in subjects with DS may be associated with an enhanced resistance of serum lipids to oxidation which is thought to play an important role in the atherogenic process.

  13. Relationship between dietary vitamin D and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in Portuguese adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, Maria; Araújo, Joana; Lopes, Carla; Barros, Henrique; Guimarães, João Tiago; Severo, Milton; Ramos, Elisabete

    2017-10-30

    To understand the relationship between vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in a sample of Portuguese adolescents. Cross-sectional evaluation carried out in the 2003/2004 school year. Vitamin D intake was assessed by an FFQ and 25(OH)D was measured in a fasting blood sample. Public and private schools in Porto, Portugal. Adolescents aged 13 years (n 521) enrolled at school (EPITeen cohort). Both mean (sd) intake and serum 25(OH)D level were far below the recommended, 4·47 (2·49) µg/d and 16·5 (5·7) ng/ml, respectively. A significant difference in serum level was found according to season, with lower values in winter than summer (14·8 (4·6) v. 17·3 (5·9) ng/ml, P<0·001). Vitamin D intake was weakly correlated with serum 25(OH)D (r=0·056, P=0·203). Dietary vitamin D and serum 25(OH)D levels were positively but weakly correlated and the error was higher among those with higher serum 25(OH)D concentration. Our results support the need for strategies that promote increase of the most important food sources of vitamin D to reduce the high prevalence of low vitamin D status.

  14. The Level of Serum and Urinary Nephrin in Normal Pregnancy and Pregnancy with Subsequent Preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Yun Ji; Cho, Hee Young; Cho, Sihyun; Kim, Young Han; Jeon, Jin Dong; Kim, Young Jin; Lee, Sanghoo; Park, Jimyeong; Kim, Ha Yan; Park, Yong Won; Kwon, Ja Young

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate serum and urinary nephrin levels of normal pregnancy to establish a standard reference value and to compare them with patients who subsequently developed preeclampsia (PE). In this prospective study, 117 healthy singleton pregnancies were enrolled between 6 to 20 weeks of gestation at 2 participating medical centers during October 2010 to March 2012. Urine and serum samples were collected at the time of enrollment, each trimester, and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for nephrin was performed and samples from patients who subsequently developed PE were compared to the normal patients. Of 117 patients initially enrolled, 99 patients delivered at the study centers and of those patients, 12 (12.1%) developed PE at a median gestational age of 34⁺⁴ weeks (range 29⁺⁵-36⁺⁶). In the normal patients (n=68), serum nephrin level decreased and urinary nephrin level increased during the latter of pregnancy. In 12 patients who subsequently developed PE, a significant rise in the 3rd trimester serum and urinary nephrin levels, compared to the controls, was observed (p<0.001), and this increase occurred 9 days prior to the onset of clinical disease. As the onset of PE was preceded by the rise in the serum and urinary nephrin in comparison to normal pregnancy, serum and urinary nephrin may be a useful predictive marker of PE.

  15. Serum level of interleukin-17 and interleukin-35 as a biomarker for diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yi; Yuan, Ye

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum level of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-35 in thyroid cancer patients and its diagnostic value as a biomarker. Sixty-one thyroid carcinoma patients were recruited from January 2012 to December 2014 in our hospital. Of the 61 included cases, 42 subjects were pathology confirmed with thyroid cancer and other 19 cases were diagnosed with thyroid adenoma. The serum level of IL-17 and IL-35 were compared between the two groups. The diagnosed sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) for serum IL-17 and IL-35 were evaluated according to Bayes theorem. The serum level of IL-17 were 16.3 ± 4.1 pg/ml and 9.4 ± 3.6 pg/ml for the thyroid cancer and thyroid adenoma patients respectively, with statistical difference (P 8239. The diagnosis sensitivity and specificity for serum IL-35 were 76.8% and 82.4% at the cutoff value of 57.6 pg/ml with the area under the ROC of 0.8722. The serum level of IL-17 and IL-35 was significantly different between thyroid cancer and thyroid adenoma patients, which could be a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of malignant thyroid tumor.

  16. An Evaluation of the Correlation between Hepcidin Serum Levels and Disease Activity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra Betül Paköz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. While there are many well-defined serological markers for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, there is limited evidence that they positively affect clinical outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between hepcidin serum levels and disease activity in IBD. Materials and Methods. Eighty-five consecutive IBD patients were enrolled in the study. Hepcidin serum levels were assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and were compared with disease activity as well as the interleukin-6 (IL-6 and C-reactive protein (CRP levels. Results. The mean hepcidin serum levels in Crohn’s disease (CD patients in remission and in the active phase were 3837±1436 and 3752±1274 pg/mL, respectively P=0.613. The mean hepcidin serum levels in ulcerative colitis (UC patients in remission and in the active phase were 4285±8623 and 3727±1176 pg/mL, respectively P=0.241. Correlation analysis between inflammatory markers and hepcidin serum levels indicated that there was no correlation between hepcidin levels and IL-6 P=0.582 or CRP P=0.783. Conclusion. As an acute-phase protein, hepcidin seems to have a lower efficacy than other parameters in the detection of activation in IBD.

  17. Effects of metformin and pioglitazone on serum pentosidine levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, I; Yamamoto, M; Yamaguchi, T; Sugimoto, T

    2011-06-01

    Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is associated with age- and diabetes-related disease. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of metformin or pioglitazone on serum pentosidine levels, a well-defined AGE, in type 2 diabetes. 66 Japanese patients were enrolled in this 6 months open-label study. In the metformin (n=22), the pioglitazone (n=22), and the control (optimal diet therapy, sulfonylurea and/or insulin) groups (n=22), serum levels of HbA (1c) and pentosidine were measured at baseline and 6 months after each treatment. HbA (1c) and pentosidine levels were not different at baseline among 3 groups, and HbA(1c) was significantly decreased at 6 months in each group. In the metformin and the pioglitazone groups, serum pentosidine levels were significantly decreased at 6 months after treatments (p=0.039 and p=0.031, respectively). Percent changes in pentosidine levels in the metformin and the pioglitazone groups were significantly lower than that in the control group (p=0.012 and p=0.019, respectively). 6 months treatments with metformin or pioglitazone in clinical doses decreased serum pentosidine levels which resulted in greater %change of serum pentosidine levels than the control group, suggesting that these agents may prevent the diabetic complications associated with AGEs accumulation. © J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18. Increased serum level of prolactin is related to autoantibody production in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, J; Li, Q; Yang, X; Li, M

    2016-04-01

    Prolactin (PRL) is known to aid effector B cells and augment autoimmunity, but the role of PRL in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the serum levels of PRL and autoantibody production in SLE. Blood levels of PRL, anti-double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA) antibody, immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were determined in samples from 30 adult patients with SLE and 25 healthy controls. The relationships between the serum level of PRL and SLE disease activity, as well as the titres of the ds-DNA antibody, IgM and IgG were determined. The serum level of PRL was higher in the SLE patients than in the healthy controls. PRL concentration increased during SLE flares-ups and decreased following disease remission. There was a positive correlation between the PRL concentration and serum levels of IgM, IgG and ds-DNA antibody titre. These data suggest that the serum level of PRL was closely related to the antibody production and disease activity of SLE patients. PRL concentration was dramatically reduced upon the remission of disease activity, indicating that PRL levels might be a promising predictor of SLE disease severity. © The Author(s) 2015.

  19. Maternal neuroendocrine serum levels in exclusively breastfeeding mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuebe, Alison M; Meltzer-Brody, Samantha; Pearson, Brenda; Pedersen, Cort; Grewen, Karen

    2015-05-01

    Low milk supply is a common cause of early weaning, and supply issues are associated with dysregulation of thyroid function and prolactin. However, hormone levels compatible with successful breastfeeding are not well defined, limiting interpretation of clinical lab results. In this study we sought to quantify ranges for thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (T4), total T4, and prolactin in a cohort of exclusively breastfeeding women. Women planning to breastfeed were recruited in the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal endocrine function was assessed before and after a breastfeeding session at 2 and 8 weeks postpartum. We used paired t tests to determine whether values changed from the 2- to 8-week visit. Of 52 study participants, 28 were exclusively breastfeeding, defined as only breastmilk feeds in the prior 7 days, at both the 2- and 8-week study visits. Endocrine function changed with time since delivery: the TSH level was higher, whereas total T4, free T4, and prolactin levels were lower, at the 8-week visit than at the 2-week visit (by paired t test, p≤0.01). We found a wide range of prolactin values at the 8-week visit, with a 5th percentile value of 9 ng/dL before feeding and 74 ng/dL at 10 minutes after feeding. Neuroendocrine function changes during the first 8 weeks after birth, and a wide range of values is compatible with successful breastfeeding. Further studies are needed to define reference values in breastfeeding women.

  20. Evaluation of Serum Resistin Levels in Periodontal Health and Disease and Effects of Non Surgical Periodontal Therapy on Its Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Devanoorkar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Resistin and adiponectin are the adipokines secreted by adipocytes and various inflammatory cells. These adipokines are known to play an important role in insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the serum resistin levels in periodontal health and disease and also, to determine the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on its levels.

  1. Influence of smoking on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels among family medicine patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batic-Mujanovic, Olivera; Beganlic, Azijada; Salihefendic, Nizama; Pranjic, Nurka; Kusljugic, Zumreta

    2008-01-01

    Smoking causes decrease of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and increase of total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. Low HDL-C levels and high cholesterol and LDL-C levels are associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of smoking status on serum lipid and lipoproteins levels among patients in family medicine practice. This trial was designed to detect differences in serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-C and HDL-C levels between smokers and non-smokers. We had placed a limit of 300 patients for data collection. We excluded 195 patients who met excluding criteria (diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, renal and hepatic failure, hypothyroidism; using beta blockers, thiazide diuretics, hormonal replacement therapy and corticosteroids; more than light physical activity; alcohol consumption and obesity), so the sample size included 105 randomly selected patients from Family Medicine Teaching Center Tuzla, mean age 52.05 +/- 11.61 years. Main outcomes were smoking status in all participants and serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-C and HDL-C levels in smokers and non-smokers. Our results showed that smoking prevalence was 49.52%. Smokers had significantly higher serum total cholesterol (P=0.01), triglyceride (P=0.002) and LDL-C level (P=0.03) and significantly lower HDL-C level (P=0.003) comparing with nonsmokers. There was no significant difference in serum lipid and lipoprotein levels between ex-smokers and never smokers. These results suggest that cigarette smoking adversely affects serum lipid and lipoprotein levels which further increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

  2. Serum calcium and magnesium level in dairy cows at calving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. Pulimeno

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Milk fever and hypocalcaemia are post-partum metabolic diseases affecting about 6% of dairy cows and are due to a fail of the homeostatic metabolism regulating the calcium blood level around 9 and 10mg/100mL. The calcium drainage to the mammary gland along with the reduced capacity of the animal to mobilize calcium from bone reserve lead to a drop of the calcium blood level under 5-6mg/100mL with paresis like clinical symptoms known as milk fever. The incidence of the clinical milk fever is low, however the occurrence of mild hypocalcaemia (subclinical could be as high as 15- 20% within few days after calving, particularly in multiparous cows. The hypocalcaemia status as for the reduced bone calcium mobilization and intestinal absorption leads to reduced feed intake and make it a good start for ketosis, retained placenta, displaced abomasums and mastitis problems (Beede, 1991. The acid-base balance of the cow in the late pregnancy is determinant for hypocalcaemia............

  3. Serum levels of total IgE and soluble CD23 in bronchial asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Di Lorenzo

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to compare, during the pollen season, serum levels of total IgE and soluble CD23 (sCD23 from patients with allergic bronchial asthma, with those from healthy subjects. Significantly higher levels of total IgE and sCD23 were found in patients with asthma compared to the control group. Both in normal controls and in asthmatic patients, a significant correlation was shown between the levels of these two molecules. In asthmatic patients, significant correlations were found for both total IgE and sCD23, with lung function measured as bronchial responsiveness to inhaled methacholine. These results suggest that in asthmatic patients, in addition to the study of total serum IgE levels, the assessment of sCD23 serum levels may be helpful in the evaluation of disease activity.

  4. The impact of high serum bicarbonate levels on mortality in hemodialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Kyung Yoon; Kim, Hyung Wook; Kim, Woo Jeong; Kim, Yong Kyun; Kim, Su-Hyun; Song, Ho Chul; Kim, Young Ok; Jin, Dong Chan; Choi, Euy Jin; Yang, Chul Woo; Kim, Yong-Lim; Kim, Nam-Ho; Kang, Shin-Wook; Kim, Yon-Su; Kim, Young Soo

    2017-01-01

    The optimal serum bicarbonate level is controversial for patients who are undergoing hemodialysis (HD). In this study, we analyzed the impact of serum bicarbonate levels on mortality among HD patients. Prevalent HD patients were selected from the Clinical Research Center registry for End Stage Renal Disease cohort in Korea. Patients were categorized into quartiles according to their total carbon dioxide (tCO2) levels: quartile 1, a tCO2 of bicarbonate levels (a tCO2 of ≥ 24 mEq/L) were associated with increased mortality among prevalent HD patients. Further effort might be necessary in finding the cause and correcting metabolic alkalosis in the chronic HD patients with high serum bicarbonate levels.

  5. Increased serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in patients with narcolepsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, Anders B; Jennum, Poul; Knudsen, Stine

    2013-01-01

    Narcolepsy is a lifelong sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden loss of muscle tone (cataplexy), fragmentation of nocturnal sleep and sleep paralysis. The symptoms of the disease strongly correlate with a reduction in hypocretin levels in CSF and a reduction in hypoc......Narcolepsy is a lifelong sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden loss of muscle tone (cataplexy), fragmentation of nocturnal sleep and sleep paralysis. The symptoms of the disease strongly correlate with a reduction in hypocretin levels in CSF and a reduction...... that serum levels of these factors are altered in patients with narcolepsy compared to healthy controls without sleep disturbances. Polysomnography data was obtained and serum BDNF and NGF levels measured using ELISA, while hypocretin was measured using RIA. Serum BDNF levels were significantly higher...... in narcolepsy patients than in healthy controls (64.2±3.9ng/ml vs 47.3±2.6ng/ml, P...

  6. Comparative Analysis of Serum Mineral Levels and Parasite Load in Goats Naturally Infected with Gastrointestinal Nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ünübol Aypak, Serap; Aypak, Süleyman; Voyvoda, Hüseyin; Güven, Gülşen; Dereli Fidan, Evrim; Tosun, Gamze; Gültekin, Mehmet; Şimşek, Emrah; Gülçe Güler, Asude

    2016-09-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum mineral levels and parasite load in Saanen (n=37) and Damascus (n=13) goats, which were all approximately 2 months pregnant and naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. To determine parasite concentration individually, fecal samples were taken from each goat, and the eggs per gram (EPG) of feces was detected via a modified McMaster technique. To investigate the possible effects of parasite concentration on serum mineral levels, blood was drawn from the goats and serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, manganese, nickel, and cadmium levels were measured via the ICP-OES technique. In a correlation analysis of the individual EPG values and mineral levels performed on the basis of the species, it was seen that increased egg numbers did not cause a statistically significant increase or decrease in Saanens except for cadmium (significant moderate positive correlation, ppregnancy and deliveries, on blood mineral levels would be much more significant.

  7. Case report: Extreme levels of serum S-100B in a patient with chronic subdural hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malin Elisabet Persson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The protein S-100B is a biomarker increasingly used within neurosurgery and neurointensive care. As a relatively sensitive, yet unspecific, indicator of CNS pathology, potential sources of error must be clearly understood when interpreting serum S-100B levels. This case report studied the course of a 46-year-old gentleman with a chronic subdural haemorrhage, serum S-100B levels of 22 μg/L and a history of malignant melanoma. Both intra- and extra-cranial sources of S-100B are evaluated and imply an unclear contribution of several sources to the total serum concentration. Potential sources of error when interpreting serum concentrations of S-100B are discussed

  8. Clinical significance of serum claudin-1 and claudin-7 levels in patients with colorectal cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    KARABULUT, MEHMET; ALIS, HALIL; BAS, KORAY; KARABULUT, SENEM; AFSAR, CIGDEM USUL; OGUZ, HILAL; GUNALDI, MERAL; AKARSU, CEVHER; KONES, OSMAN; AYKAN, NURI FARUK

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the serum levels and clinical relevance of claudin (CLDN) 1 and CLDN7 in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). A total of 140 patients with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of CRC were enrolled in this study. The serum levels of CLDN1 and CLDN7 were determined using the solid-phase sandwich ELISA method. A total of 40 healthy age- and gender-matched controls were included in the analysis. The median age of the patients was 60 years (range, 24–84 years). The localization of the tumor in the majority of the patients was the colon (n=81, 58%). Of the 55 metastatic patients who received palliative chemotheraphy, 31% were chemotherapy-responsive. The baseline median serum CLDN1 and CLDN7 levels were significantly lower in non-metastatic and metastatic patients compared with those in healthy controls (CLND1, P=0.008 and 0.002; and CLND7, P=0.002 and 0.002, respectively). Moreover, known clinical variables, including poor performance status and high carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels were found to be associated with lower serum CLDN1 concentrations for all patients (P=0.03 and P=0.03, respectively). High T stage and high CEA levels were found to be correlated with lower serum CLDN7 concentrations for all patients (P=0.04 and 0.03, respectively). A correlation was identified between CLDN1 and CLDN7 levels in non-metastatic and metastatic CRC patients (both P-values <0.001). Our study results did not reveal any statistical significance for serum CLDN1 or CLND7 concentrations regarding progression-free and overall survival rate. Therefore, reduced serum levels of CLDN1 and CLND7 may be useful markers in the differential diagnosis of CRC. PMID:26807230

  9. Association of a Human FABP1 Gene Promoter Region Polymorphism with Altered Serum Triglyceride Levels.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian-E Peng

    Full Text Available Liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP, also known as fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1, is a key regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism. Elevated FABP1 levels are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD and metabolic syndromes. In this study, we examine the association of FABP1 gene promoter variants with serum FABP1 and lipid levels in a Chinese population. Four promoter single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs of FABP1 gene were genotyped in a cross-sectional survey of healthy volunteers (n = 1,182 from Fuzhou city of China. Results showed that only the rs2919872 G>A variant was significantly associated with serum TG concentration(P = 0.032.Compared with the rs2919872 G allele, rs2919872 A allele contributed significantly to reduced serum TG concentration, and this allele dramatically decreased the FABP1 promoter activity(P < 0.05. The rs2919872 A allele carriers had considerably lower serum FABP1 levels than G allele carriers (P < 0.01. In the multivariable linear regression analysis, the rs2919872 A allele was negatively associated with serum FABP1 levels (β = -0.320, P = 0.003, while serum TG levels were positively associated with serum FABP1 levels (β = 0.487, P = 0.014. Our data suggest that compared with the rs2919872 G allele, the rs2919872 A allele reduces the transcriptional activity of FABP1 promoter, and thereby may link FABP1 gene variation to TG level in humans.

  10. Lower Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level is Associated With 3 Types of Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jie; Wu, Di; Li, Chenyang; Fan, Chenling; Chao, Nannan; Liu, Jing; Li, Yushu; Wang, Renee; Miao, Wei; Guan, Haixia; Shan, Zhongyan; Teng, Weiping

    2015-09-01

    Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are common autoimmune disorders. A few studies have analyzed the association between serum vitamin D levels and AITD, and available data remain inconclusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D levels and 3 types of AITD, that is Graves' disease (GD), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), and postpartum thyroiditis (PPT). Two independent case-control studies were designed. The first is a cross-sectional case-control study in which we examined the levels of 25(OH)D in patients with newly diagnosed GD or HT and in controls; the second is a nested case-control study in which we compared 25(OH)D levels in 610 women who developed PPT during the follow-up after delivery and those who did not. Compared with the controls, GD patients and HT patients had significantly lower 25(OH)D levels. PPT cases also had a lower serum 25(OH)D concentration than controls. Serum 25(OH)D levels were associated with neither antithyroid peroxidase antibody nor antithyroglobulin antibody in GD and HT. There was no significant relationship between thyroid-stimulating hormone and 25(OH)D levels. Every 5 nmol/L increase in serum 25(OH)D concentrations was associated with a 1.55-, 1.62-, and 1.51-fold reduction in GD, HT, and PPT risk, respectively. We observed a lower serum vitamin D levels in AITD patients compared with controls. The lower the vitamin D level is, not vitamin D deficiency per se, the higher the risk for developing AITD will be. However, vitamin D does not have strong association with the titers of thyroid antibodies or the levels of thyroid hormones.

  11. A population study of fasting time and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Cheryl K; Maggie Guo; Viczko, Jeannine A; Naugler, Christopher T

    2014-01-01

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Traditional screening and diagnostic methods include digital rectal examinations (DREs), biopsies and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, with the latter being the more popular. PSA is a biomarker for prostate cancer; however, it is highly sensitive to external factors as well as other prostate diseases. As such, the reliability of of the serum PSA level as a sole screening and diagnostic tool for prostate cancer is controvers...

  12. Relationship of Serum Klotho Level With ACE Gene Polymorphism in Stable Kidney Allograft Recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaare Nahandi, Maryam; Ardalan, Mohamad Reza; Banagozar Mohamadi, Ali; Ghorbani Haghjo, Amir; Jabbarpor Bonyadi, Morteza; Mohamadian, Tahere

    2017-03-01

    The kidney is the main source of serum Klotho production. Immunosuppressive agents could affect the kidney in this regard. The effect of the ACE gene polymorphism on Klotho production is a less studied area. This study aimed to assess serum Klotho and ACE gene in a group of stable kidney transplant recipients. In a cross-sectional study, 30 kidney transplant recipients with stable allograft function and 27 healthy young individuals were assessed for their serum Klotho levels. The ACE gene polymorphisms were studied in both groups. Klotho level was higher in kidney transplant recipients than the controls, but the difference was not significant (2.76 ± 2.41 ng/mL versus 2.01 ± 1.41 ng/mL, respectively). In both groups, serum Klotho level was higher in those with the I>I polymorphism, the men, those with higher glomerular filtration rate, and younger individuals, but the differences did not reach a significant level. Higher body mass index was significantly associated with lower serum Klotho level in both groups. Klotho level after kidney transplantation meets the range in healthy individuals, and it is not affected by the ACE gene polymorphism.

  13. Interleukin-18 gene promoter and serum level in women with ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsami Dehaghani, Alamtaj; Shahriary, Khatere; Kashef, Mohammad Amin; Naeimi, Sirous; Fattahi, Mohammad Javad; Mojtahedi, Zahra; Ghaderi, Abbas

    2009-11-01

    IL-18, initially defined as a potent inducer of IFN- gamma production, is a systemic, multifunctional cytokine with both pro-cancerous and anti-cancer activities. The contribution of the IL-18 promoter polymorphisms at positions -607 (C/A) and -137 (G/C) to cancer development has been reported. We sought to examine IL-18 serum level and its polymorphisms in Iranian women with ovarian cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at positions -607 (C/A) and -137 (G/C) were analyzed by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction in 85 women with ovarian cancer and 158 healthy controls. IL-18 serum level was determined using ELISA method. No significant association was found between the allele, genotype, and haplotype distributions of the SNPs and ovarian cancer. Mean IL-18 serum level was significantly higher in patients than in controls (P = 0.008). Comparing IL-18 serum levels with genotypes at positions -607 and -137 revealed no significant difference. No association was also found between IL-18 levels and the disease stage. In conclusion, our results indicate that IL-18 promoter polymorphisms at positions -607 (C/A) and -137 (G/C) appear not to confer susceptibility to ovarian cancer in Iranian population; however, IL-18 serum level increases in ovarian cancer patients.

  14. [Effect of atopy on serum glucocorticoid receptor levels in children with bronchiolitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Huan-Yin; Liu, Wei-Rong; Zhang, Hang-Hu; Li, Hua-Jun; Wang, Xiao-Xian; Liu, Shu-Mei; Chen, Xiao-Hong

    2017-02-01

    To investigate the effect of atopy on the expression of glucocorticoid receptors in children with bronchiolitis. ELISA was used to measure the changes in the serum levels of glucocorticoid receptor α (GRα) and glucocorticoid receptor β (GRβ) in the bronchiolitis group (77 children, including 34 children with atopy) and pneumonia group (68 children). Thirty-eight children who were prepared to undergo surgeries for non-infectious diseases and had no atopy or family history of allergic diseases were enrolled as the control group. The bronchiolitis group and the pneumonia group had significant increases in the serum levels of GRα and GRβ compared with the control group (Pbronchiolitis group had significant increases in these levels compared with the pneumonia group (Pbronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the GRα/GRβ ratio (Pbronchiolitis group had significant increases in the serum levels of GRα and GRβ (Pbronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the serum level of GRβ compared with the atopic children (Pbronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the GRα/GRβ ratio compared with the control group and non-atopic children in the bronchiolitis group (Pbronchiolitis have increased serum levels of GRα and GRβ. The children with atopy have an increased GRα/GRβ ratio, suggesting that the atopic children with bronchiolitis are highly sensitive to glucocorticoids.

  15. The Effect of Depression on Serum VEGF Level in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JaeHoon Jung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Growing evidence suggests that angiogenesis might represent a new pathogenic mechanism involved in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD. Among angiogenic cytokines, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF levels in AD patients have been evaluated, but the results are controversial among studies. We investigated serum levels of VEGF in AD patients with depression, AD patients without depression, and the controls, respectively. The aim of this study is to elucidate the relationship between VEGF, depression, and cognitive impairment in AD. Methods. The CDR (Clinical Dementia Rating, MMSE-KC (the Mini-Mental Status Examination-Korean version, and SGDS-K (the Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form were measured in the subjects. Serum VEGF levels were measured in 24 AD patients with depression, 25 AD patients without depression, and 26 controls, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Results. Serum VEGF levels in AD patients with depression were significantly higher than AD patients without depression or the control. A correlation was observed between VEGF and scores on SGDS-K, but no correlation was detected between VEGF and MMSE-KC scores. Conclusion. Serum VEGF levels in AD patients with depression were higher than those without depression. Depression might be associated with changes in serum levels of VEGF in AD patients.

  16. Factors associated with elevated serum chromogranin A levels in patients with autoimmune gastritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalkan, Çağdaş; Karakaya, Fatih; Soykan, İrfan

    2016-11-01

    Chromogranin A is an important tool in the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors. Autoimmune gastritis is an autoimmune disorder marked by hypergastrinemia, which stimulates enterochromaffin-like cell proliferation. Chromogranin A is also elevated in autoimmune gastritis patients with a different level of increase in each patient. The goal of this study is to explore constituents that influence serum chromogranin A levels in autoimmune gastritis patients. One hundred and eighty-eight autoimmune gastritis patients and 20 patients with type I gastric carcinoid tumors were analyzed retrospectively and compared to 110 functional dyspepsia patients in terms of factors that might affect serum chromogranin A levels. The mean serum chromogranin A level was 171.17±67.3 ng/mL in autoimmune gastritis patients (n=62) without enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia, and 303.3±102.82 ng/mL in patients (n=126) with enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia (pgastritis were the presence of ECL cell hyperplasia and serum gastrin levels. Serum chromogranin A levels maybe helpful in distinguishing autoimmune gastritis patients and gastric carcinoid type I from the control group, but not useful in the differentiation of individuals with autoimmune gastritis from patients with gastric carcinoids.

  17. Is serum zinc level associated with prediabetes and diabetes?: a cross-sectional study from Bangladesh.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Rafiqul Islam

    Full Text Available AIMS: To determine serum zinc level and other relevant biological markers in normal, prediabetic and diabetic individuals and their association with Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA parameters. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and December 2009. Any patient aged ≥ 30 years attending the medicine outpatient department of a medical university hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh and who had a blood glucose level ordered by a physician was eligible to participate. RESULTS: A total of 280 participants were analysed. On fasting blood sugar results, 51% were normal, 13% had prediabetes and 36% had diabetes. Mean serum zinc level was lowest in prediabetic compared to normal and diabetic participants (mean differences were approximately 65 ppb/L and 33 ppb/L, respectively. In multiple linear regression, serum zinc level was found to be significantly lower in prediabetes than in those with normoglycemia. Beta cell function was significantly lower in prediabetes than normal participants. Adjusted linear regression for HOMA parameters did not show a statistically significant association between serum zinc level, beta cell function (P = 0.07 and insulin resistance (P = 0.08. Low serum zinc accentuated the increase in insulin resistance seen with increasing BMI. CONCLUSION: Participants with prediabetes have lower zinc levels than controls and zinc is significantly associated with beta cell function and insulin resistance. Further longitudinal population based studies are warranted and controlled trials would be valuable for establishing whether zinc supplementation in prediabetes could be a useful strategy in preventing progression to Type 2 diabetes.

  18. Is serum vitamin D levels associated with disability in patients with newly diagnosed multiple sclerosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatamian, Hamidreza; Bidabadi, Elham; Saadat, Seyed Mohammad Seyed; Saadat, Niloufar Seyed; Kazemnezhad, Ehsan; Ramezani, Hamed

    2013-01-01

    Background Although the precise etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown, it seems that both genetic and environmental factors are important. Recent studies suggest that low serum vitamin D levels are important environmental factor in MS. The aim of this study was to compare the serum levels of vitamin D between MS patients and healthy subjects, and to determine its association with disability in MS patients. Methods In this cross-sectional study, a total of 52 patients with MS were randomly recruited and matched for age and sex with 52 healthy subjects. Demographic characteristics and serum vitamin D levels for both groups, as well as duration of disease Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) for MS patients were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed by independent samples t-test and multiple linear regression analysis. Results The mean serum vitamin D levels were 26.5 ± 16.3 ng/ml in MS patients vs. 37.1 ±19.7 in healthy subjects (P = 0.003). A linear regression analysis showed no significant association between vitamin D levels and EDSS score of patients with MS (P = 0.345), after adjusting for the covariates. Conclusion Our findings did not suggest a protective association for serum vitamin D levels against disability in MS patients. PMID:24250900

  19. Serum ApoB levels in depressive patients: associated with cognitive deficits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Li; Han, Mei; Du, Xiang Dong; Zhang, Bao Hua; He, Shu Chang; Shao, Tian Nan; Yin, Guang Zhong

    2017-01-05

    Cognitive deficits have been regarded as one of the most significant clinical symptoms of depressive disorder. Accumulating evidence has shown that apolipoprotein B (ApoB) levels, which are responsible for inducing neurodegeneration, may be involved in cognitive deficits. This study examines cognitive deficits, and the correlation of serum ApoB levels with cognitive deficits of depressive disorder. 90 depressive patients and 90 healthy controls with matched age and gender were recruited. Cognition was assessed using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Serum ApoB levels in depressive patients were measured by immunoturbidimetric method. Our results showed that depressive patients had lower scores of cognition including RBANS total score and subscales of language and delayed memory (all, p cognitive functions also passed Bonferroni corrections. Serum ApoB levels were negatively correlated with delayed memory score in depressive patients (r = -0.30, p = 0.01). Furthermore, stepwise multivariate regression analysis indicated that serum ApoB levels independently contributed to delayed memory in depressive patients (t = -2.68, p = 0.01). Our findings support that serum ApoB levels may be involved in delayed memory decline in depressive patients. Depressive patients also experience greater cognitive deficits, especially in delayed memory and language than healthy controls.

  20. Serum procalcitonin levels in the postmortem diagnosis of sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bode-Jänisch, S; Schütz, S; Schmidt, A; Tschernig, T; Debertin, A S; Fieguth, A; Hagemeier, L; Teske, J; Suerbaum, S; Klintschar, M; Bange, F C

    2013-03-10

    Procalcitonin is regarded as a valuable marker for sepsis in living persons and even in post-mortem investigations. At the Institute of Legal Medicine, 25 autopsy cases with suspected bacterial infectious diseases or sepsis were examined using the semi-quantitative PCT-Q(®)-test (B.R.A.H.M.S., Germany) in 2010 and 2011. As controls, 75 cadavers were used for which there was no suspicion of a bacterial infectious disease or sepsis. Femoral blood was cultured from the cases and from controls, and samples from the brain, heart, lungs, liver, spleen and kidneys were examined histologically for findings seen in sepsis. Twelve cases in the sepsis/infectious disease group (48%) were classifiable as sepsis following synopsis of PCT levels, autopsy results, and histopathological and microbiological findings. This study shows that the semi-quantitative PCT-Q(®)-test is a useful supplementary marker in routine autopsy investigations, capable of classifying death as due to sepsis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Evaluation of Serum Interleukin-17 (IL-17) Levels as a Diagnostic Marker in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karabulut, Senem; Afsar, Çiğdem Usul; Karabulut, Mehmet; Alış, Halil; Kılıc, Leyla; Çikot, Murat; Yasasever, Ceren Tilgen; Aykan, Nuri Faruk

    2016-03-01

    Inflammatory cytokines modulate immune responses in the tumor microenvironment during progression. The role of interleukin (IL-17) in cancer is currently under debate. This study was conducted to investigate the serum levels of IL-17 in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) and the relationship with tumor progression and known prognostic parameters. Thirty-five patients with PA were investigated. Serum samples were obtained on first admission before treatment and follow-up. Both serum IL-17 levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Age- and sex-matched 35 healthy controls were included in the analysis. The median age at diagnosis was 61 years, range 38-84 years; 21 (60%) patients were men. The tumor was located in the head of pancreas in 24 (69%) patients. The most common metastatic site was liver in 20 patients with metastasis (n = 18, 90%). The median follow-up time was 24.0 weeks (range 1.0-191.0 weeks). At the end of the observation period, 12 (34%) patients experienced disease progression and 23 patients (66%) were dead. Forty-four percent of 18 metastatic patients who received palliative chemotherapy (CTx) were CTx-responsive. Median progression-free survival and overall survival of the whole group were 13.7 ± 2.3 weeks [95% confidence interval (CI) = 9-18 weeks] and 48.0 ± 12.8 weeks (95% CI = 23-73 weeks), respectively. The baseline serum IL-17 levels were significantly higher in patients with PA than in the control group (p = 0.001). Moreover, serum IL-17 levels were significantly higher in the patients with large pathologic tumor status and low albumin levels (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively). However, serum IL-17 assays had no prognostic roles on outcome. Although serum levels of IL-17 assays were found to be diagnostic value, no predictive and prognostic value was determined in PA patients.

  2. Clinical Profile and Changes of Serum Lipid Levels in Epileptic Patients after Cerebral Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Ken; Sawada, Masahiro; Morioka, Harumi; Kyuzen, Maya; Ebina, Junya; Nagasawa, Junpei; Yanagihashi, Masaru; Miura, Ken; Ishikawa, Yuichi; Hirayama, Takehisa; Takazawa, Takanori; Kano, Osamu; Kawabe, Kiyokazu; Iwasaki, Yasuo

    2017-03-01

    Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may increase development of dyslipidemia and cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We examined the clinical profile and changes of serum lipid levels after AED monotherapy in patients with poststroke epilepsy (PSE) after cerebral infarction (CI). Medical records were reviewed in consecutive 2144 CI patients. Monotherapy of valproate, carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT), zonisamide, levetiracetam, or lamotrigine was performed in PSE patients. Serum lipid levels were measured before and at 3 months after AED treatment. The prevalence of PSE was 7.0% in CI patients. The TOAST etiology disclosed large-artery atherosclerosis in 68 patients (45%), cardioembolism in 63 patients (42%), and undetermined cause in 19 patients (13%). CVD risk profile showed obesity of 18 patients (12%), current smoker of 30 patients (20%), hypertension of 75 patients (50%), diabetes mellitus of 32 patients (21%), dyslipidemia of 15 patients (10%), and atrial fibrillation of 63 patients (42%). CBZ or PHT administration increased serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels significantly compared to baseline and AED-untreated controls. Those levels were not increased significantly in other AED and control groups. Serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels did not differ statistically in all groups. The prevalence of post-CI epilepsy was 7.0%. The pathogenesis contributed to atherothrombosis and cardioembolism. CBZ or PHT administration increased serum TC and LDL-C significantly. Thus, we should pay more attention to serum lipid levels in patients receiving cytochrome P450 (CYP)-induced AEDs, and might considerer switching to non-CYP-induced AEDs in patients with unfavorable serum lipid changes. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Serum cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels after balneotherapy and physical therapy in patients with fibromyalgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiz, Esra A; Hizmetli, Sami; Semiz, Murat; Karadağ, Ahmet; Adalı, Merve; Tuncay, Mehmet S; Alim, Bulent; Hayta, Emrullah; Uslu, Ali U

    2016-05-01

    To investigated serum cortisol and serum dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S) levels between fibromyalgia (FMS) patients and a control group, and the effect of balneotherapy (BT) on these hormones.   Seventy-two patients with FMS and 39 healthy volunteers were included in the study. This prospective and cross-sectional study was carried out in the Medical Faculty, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Cumhuriyet University, Cumhuriyet, Turkey between June 2012 and June 2013. Patients were divided into 2 groups. There were 40 patients in the first group, consisting of BT and physical therapy (PT) administered patients. There were 32 FMS patients in the second group who were only administered PT. Thirty-nine healthy volunteers were enrolled as a control group.   Cortisol was observed to be lower in FMS patients compared with the controls  (10.10±4.08 µg/dL and 11.78±3.6 µg/dL; p=0.033). Serum DHEA-S level was observed to be lower in FMS patients compared with the controls (89.93±53.96 µg/dL and 143.15±107.92 µg/dL; p=0.015). Average serum cortisol levels of patients receiving BT were determined to be 9.95±3.20 µg/dL before treatment and 9.06±3.77µg/dL after treatment; while average serum DHEA-S levels were 77.60±48.05 µg/dL before treatment, and 76.84±48.71 µg/dL after treatment. No significant changes were determined in serum cortisol and DHEA-S levels when measured again after BT and PT.   Low levels of serum cortisol and DHEA-S were suggested to be associated with the physiopathology of FMS.

  4. [Fasting serum glucose level and gastric cancer risk in a nested case-control study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Jae Kwan; Gwack, Jin; Park, Sue Kyung; Choi, Yun-Hee; Kim, Yeonju; Shin, Aesun; Chang, Soung-Hoon; Shin, Hai-Rim; Yoo, Keun-Young

    2006-11-01

    Diabetes has been reported as a risk factor for several cancers. However, the association between diabetes and gastric cancer has been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the fasting serum glucose level and gastric cancer risk in Korea. Among the members of the Korean MultiCenter Cancer Cohort (KMCC) from 1993 to 2004, a total of 100 incident gastric cancer cases were ascertained until December 31, 2002 and 400 controls were matched according to age, sex, and year and area of enrollment. Of the eligible subjects, those without fasting serum glucose level information were excluded, with a total of 64 cases and 236 controls finally selected. On enrollment, all subjects completed a baseline demographic and lifestyle characteristics questionnaire, and had their fasting serum glucose level measured. The Helicobacter pylori infection status was determined by an immunoblot assay using long-term stored serum. The odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using conditional and unconditional logistic regression models adjusted for the H. pylori infection status, smoking, drinking, education, follow-up period and matching variables. The ORs for risk of gastric cancer according to the serum glucose level were 1.33 [95% CI=0.50-3.53] and 1.66 [95% CI=0.55-5.02] for the categories of 100-125 and 126 mg/dL or greater, respectively, compared to the category of less than 100 mg/dL. No increased risk of gastric cancer according to the serum glucose level was found (p-trend=0.337). This study provides no evidence for an association of the serum glucose level with gastric cancer.

  5. Fetuin-A serum levels are not correlated to kidney function in long-lived subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellia, Chiara; Tomaiuolo, Rossella; Caruso, Antonietta; Sasso, Bruna Lo; Zarrilli, Federica; Carru, Ciriaco; Deiana, Maria; Zinellu, Angelo; Pinna, Sara; Castaldo, Giuseppe; Deiana, Luca; Ciaccio, Marcello

    2012-06-01

    Serum Fetuin A has been identified as an inhibitor of ectopic calcification. It is reduced in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and it has been proposed as a potential link between CKD and the higher prevalence of arterial calcification observed in these patients. During aging both the stiffening of arterial wall due to calcification and a decline in kidney function are frequent. The aim of the study is to investigate if Fetuin A serum levels are associated with aging and with AHSG T256S polymorphism. Moreover, we aim at investigate whether serum Fetuin A is correlated to kidney function in this setting of senescence. 256 health long-lived subjects (age 92 [81-100]) were recruited for the study. Serum Fetuin A was evaluated by ELISA, Cystatin C by immune-nephelometry. AHSG T256S was determinated by PCR-RFLP. Serum Fetuin A shows a significant correlation with age (r=0.20; P=0.0048). AHSG TS and SS genotypes are associated to lower levels of serum protein (0.27 [0.19-0.29] g/L vs 0.42 [0.32-0.49] g/L; PAHSG polymorphism have lower levels of the circulating protein. No correlation with kidney function decline was observed. Other mechanisms should be investigated to explain the increase of Fetuin A with age. Copyright © 2012 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Alterations of serum levels of BDNF-related miRNAs in patients with depression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    You-Jie Li

    Full Text Available Depression is a serious and potentially life-threatening mental disorder with unknown etiology. Emerging evidence shows that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF and microRNAs (miRNAs play critical roles in the etiology of depression. Here this study was aimed to identify and characterize the roles of BDNF and its putative regulatory miRNAs in depression. First, we identified that miR-182 may be a putative miRNA that regulates BDNF levels by bioinformatic studies, and characterized the effects of miR-182 on the BDNF levels using cell-based studies, side by side with miR-132 (a known miRNA that regulates BDNF expression. We showed that treatment of miR-132 and miR-182 respectively decreased the BDNF protein levels in a human neuronal cell model, supporting the regulatory roles of miR-132 and miR-182 on the BDNF expression. Furthermore, we explored the roles of miR-132 and miR-182 on the BDNF levels in depression using human subjects by assessing their serum levels. Compared with the healthy controls, patients with depression showed lower serum BDNF levels (via the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and higher serum miR-132 and miR-182 levels (via the real-time PCR. Finally, the Pearson's (or Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated to study whether there was a relationship among the Self-Rating Depression Scale score, the serum BDNF levels, and serum BDNF-related miRNA levels. Our results revealed that there was a significant negative correlation between the SDS scores and the serum BDNF levels, and a positive correlation between the SDS scores and miR-132 levels. In addition, we found a reverse relationship between the serum BDNF levels and the miR-132/miR-182 levels in depression. Collectively, we provided evidence supporting that miR-182 is a putative BDNF-regulatory miRNA, and suggested that the serum BDNF and its related miRNAs may be utilized as important biomarkers in the diagnosis or as therapeutic targets of depression.

  7. Increased serum interleukin-32 levels in patients with Behçet's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, You-Jung; Park, Jin-Su; Kang, Mi-Il; Lee, Soo-Kon; Park, Yong-Beom; Lee, Sang-Won

    2017-04-05

    Interleukin (IL)-32 is known to act as a proinflammatory cytokine and is likely involved in several chronic inflammatory diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate whether serum IL-32 levels are elevated in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and to identify the correlation between IL-32 levels and disease activity. We enrolled 50 patients with BD and 35 healthy controls. Serum IL-32 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum levels of IL-12p70, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 were measured using a multiplex assay. BD disease activity was determined using the Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF). Serum IL-32 levels were significantly higher in patients with BD (median [interquartile ranges], 0.4 [0.1-736.2] pg/mL) than in healthy controls (0.1 [0.1-14.7] pg/mL, P = 0.041). When patients with BD were divided into active (patient index score ≥ 2 or transformed index score ≥ 5 in the BDCAF) and inactive groups, IL-32 levels tended to be higher in patients with active BD, although this observation was statistically insignificant. Serum levels of IL-12p70, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 did not differ between active and inactive groups. There was a weak positive correlation between serum IL-32 levels and BDCAF scores (R = 0.301, P = 0.033). BD patients with recent arthralgia exhibited higher IL-32 levels than did those without (P 32 may play a minor role in the pathogenesis of BD. © 2017 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  8. Serum uric acid levels and hormone therapy type: a retrospective cohort study of postmenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Jae H; Song, Gwan G; Lee, Young H; Kim, Jae-Hoon; Hyun, Myung H; Choi, Sung J

    2018-01-01

    Serum uric acid levels increase in postmenopausal women, but decrease when hormone therapy (HT) is administered. No study has, however, evaluated the effects of different types of HT on serum uric acid levels. We therefore examined whether estrogen therapy (ET), estrogen plus progestogen therapy (EPT), and tibolone use affected serum uric acid levels in this population. We performed a retrospective cohort study of postmenopausal women. From 2005 to 2015, postmenopausal women who had undergone blood uric acid-level testing at least twice were enrolled. Participants were grouped according to HT regimen: ET, EPT, or tibolone. The nonhormone therapy group did not receive HT. Differences in serum uric acid levels were examined in each group. Our analysis was adjusted to accommodate different follow-up intervals for individual participants. Multiple variables were adjusted using the Tukey-Kramer method. Age, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate, alcohol consumption, smoking status, and comedications were also adjusted. After adjusting for multiple variables, the serum uric acid level increased to 0.87 ± 0.27 mg/dL (least squares mean ± standard error) in the nonhormone therapy group, and serum uric levels in the EPT group were found to be significantly lower (-0.38 ± 0.29 mg/dL, P uric acid levels in the ET and tibolone groups did not, however, differ significantly from the nonhormone therapy group level. We attribute our findings to the effects of progestogen, rather than estrogen.

  9. Serum Osteoprotegerin Levels Related With Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Chronic Kidney Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Pinar; Erdenen, Fusun; Aral, Hale; Emre, Turker; Kose, Sennur; Altunoglu, Esma; Dolgun, Anil; Inal, Berrin Bercik; Turkmen, Aydin

    2016-11-01

    To evaluate osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels in relation to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on different regimens of renal replacement therapy. A total of 143 patients with CKD and 30 healthy controls were included in this study and divided into five categories, including predialysis patients with chronic renal failure (preD; n = 36), chronic peritoneal dialysis patients (PD; n = 36), hemodialysis patients (HD; n = 35), renal transplant patients (RT; n = 36), and controls (n = 30). Data on demographics, concomitant diseases and CV risk factors, serum OPG levels, and correlates of serum OPG levels were determined. Serum OPG (pmol/l) levels were significantly higher in HD (P <0.001 for each), PD (P <0.001 for each), and preD (P <0.01 vs. control, P <0.05 vs. RT) groups than RT and control groups. Diabetics than nondiabetics in HD (P = 0.008), PD (P = 0.024), and RT (P = 0.004) groups and males than females in PD group (P = 0.021) had higher OPG levels. Serum OPG levels were associated positively with age in HD (P <0.001), PD (P = 0.001), and in overall population (P <0.001). Our findings revealed increased serum levels of OPG in dialysis and preD patients compared to RT and controls. In the patient groups receiving two dialysis treatment, the levels were worse, indicating a more pronounced vascular injury. Age, C-reactive protein (CRP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and cystatin C (CysC) in CKD patients, CRP and PTH in the control subjects, and age and BMI in the overall population were the significant correlates of serum OPG levels. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Serum IGF-1, IGFBP-3 levels and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in early breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, Georgios Z; Mavroudis, Dimitrios; Georgoulias, Vasilios; Souglakos, John; Alegakis, Athanasios K; Samonis, George; Bagci, Ulas; Makrigiannakis, Antonis; Zoras, Odysseas

    2017-04-01

    Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-axis is involved in human oncogenesis and metastasis development for various solid tumors including breast cancer. Aim of this study was to assess the association between IGF-1, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) serum levels and the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of women diagnosed with early breast cancer (EBC), before and after adjuvant chemotherapy. 171 patients with early-stage breast adenocarcinomas were retrospectively evaluated. Immunoradiometric (IRMA) assays were employed for the in-vitro determination of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in blood samples collected after surgical treatment and before initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy. CTCs' presence was assessed through detection of cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) mRNA transcripts using quantitative real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels were correlated with CTCs' presence before and after adjuvant chemotherapy as well as with tumor characteristics including tumor size, axillary lymph node status, oestrogen (ER)/progestorene (PR) and human epidermural growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor status. Log-rank test was applied to investigate possible association between IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels and disease-free interval (DFI) and overall survival (OS). Before initiation of adjuvant therapy IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels were moderately associated (Spearman's rho=0.361, p<0.001) with each other, while presenting significant differences across age groups (all p values<0.05). IGF-1 serum levels did not correlate with the presence of CTCs before initiation (p=0.558) or after completion (p=0.474) of adjuvant chemotherapy. Similarly, IGFBP-3 serum levels did not show significant association with detectable CTCs either before (p=0.487) or after (p=0.134) completion of adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no statistically significant association between the clinical outcome of patients in terms of DFI, OS

  11. Relationship between serum leptin level and cardiovascular, nutrtional risk factors in non-diabetic hemodialysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyung-Jong Kim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Many studies showed that obesity was associated with high level of serum leptin, hyperhomocysteinemia, and insulin resistance in general population. Obesity is associated with various cardiovascular and metabolic complications. However, in end stage renal failure, it has been reported that obesity is associated with a favorable survival of patients. The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between serum leptin level increased at obesity and cardiovascular, nutritional traditional markers, and the comparison of patient’s survival for 5 years according to obesity in non-diabetic hemodialysis. A cross-sectional study was performed in obese and non-obese subjects according to body mass index. Fifteen obese patients (BMI≥25 kg/m2 and 29 non-obese patients (BMI<25 kg/m2 were studied. For each subject, blood was sampled for measurement of serum leptin, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein (CRP and nutritional parameters before hemodialysis. Insulin resistance was calculated by HOMA-IR. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship among insulin resistance, serum leptin level and nutritional parameters. In results, serum leptin level was significant positive correlated with BMI, nPCR, pre-albumin and HOMA-IR (p<0.05. Serum leptin level was significant negative correlated with tCO2 and CRP (p<0.05. Five years survival by Kaplan-Meier analysis was more favorable in obese group but did not show statistical significance (p=0.053. In conclusion, serum leptin level was associated with obesity and good nutrition status. But in view of positive correlation of HOMA-IR, serum leptin level may be associated with cardiovascular complication in non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Therefore, we thought that serum leptin level may be a good nutritional marker and a cardiovascular risk factor. We thought that the further study for the proper leptin level will be needed and help the improvement of

  12. Mannose-binding lectin serum levels in neonatal sepsis and septic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahab Mohamed, Walid Abdel; Saeed, Mohamed Abdullatif

    2012-04-01

    To evaluate mannose-binding lectin (MBL) serum levels as a marker for predicting sepsis, septic shock, and their outcomes in neonates. A prospective study was conducted on 62 neonates (27 preterm and 35 full term) with culture-proven sepsis and 35 controls. Serum levels of MBL were measured by immunoassay. Of 62 infants with positive blood cultures (Gram-negative = 44 and Gram-positive = 18), 11 infants had severe sepsis and 6 neonates developed septic shock. MBL levels were significantly lower in infants with sepsis than in control group (0.39 ± 0.07 vs. 1.34 ± 0.03 μg/ml; p sepsis. Low MBL serum levels could be considered as sensitive and specific marker for predicting sepsis, septic shock, and their clinical outcomes in newborn infants.

  13. Relation between serum vitamin B12 level and duration of treatment with carbamazepine in epilepsy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Tariqul Islam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin B12 levels in the serum of 58 epileptic patients receiving only carbamazepine for at least 6 months were measured. Same number of epilepsy patients with no history of taking antiepileptic medicine were taken as control. The mean level of vitamin B12 in carbamazepine-treated epileptic patients was 265.5 pg/mL whereas it was 478.3 pg/mL in control. Increased duration of treatment of carbamazepine in epilepsy caused significantly decreased level of serum vitamin B12 (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = -0.9, p<0.0001. In conclusion, serum vitamin B12 level significantly decreased in relation to duration of carbamazepine treatment in epileptic patients.

  14. Depression and BMI influences the serum vascular endothelial growth factor level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elfving, Betina; Buttenschøn, Henriette N; Foldager, Leslie

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies suggest that the angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the pathogenesis of depression. However, only a few studies have investigated serum VEGF levels in individuals with depression, or the possible association between genetic variants within...... the VEGF gene and depression. The purpose of the present study was to investigate differences between serum VEGF levels in individuals with depression vs. control individuals, and associations between genetic markers located within VEGF and depression. In addition, determinants of the serum VEGF levels...... were identified. One-hundred and fifty-five depressed subjects and 280 controls were included in the study. All individuals returned a questionnaire and participated in a semi-structured diagnostic interview. Eleven single nucleotide polymorphisms were successfully analysed. VEGF levels were measured...

  15. Association between serum levels of homocysteine with characteristics of migraine attacks in migraine with aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Sadeghi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Evidences have shown that migraine with aura (MA is associated with elevated homocysteine levels but, few studies have evaluated the relationship between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks such as severity, frequency, duration and headache diary result (HDR. Thus, in this study, we investigated the association between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks in patients with MA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Isfahan city, Iran, in February 2013. Fasting serum levels of homocysteine were measured in 130 MA patients (31 males and 99 females aged 15-60 years. Severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks, as well as HDR, were determined in each patient according to international headache society criteria by a neurologist. Linear and ordinal logistic regression tests were used to evaluate the relationship between serum homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks. Results: There is no significant association between serum levels of homocysteine with severity, frequency, duration and HDR. This association was not significant after adjustment of confounding variables such as age, body mass index (BMI and family history of migraine. However, serum homocysteine levels were significantly associated with HDR among males after adjustment for age, BMI and family history of migraine (P = 0.01. Conclusion: Significant relationship between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks such as severity, frequency, duration and HDR were not found. However, after adjustment of confounding variables, we found a significant positive relationship between homocysteine levels and HDR among men.

  16. Reference range of serum homocysteine level for the northern Persian Gulf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mojtaba Jafary

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Homocysteine (Hcy, an intermediate form generated during the metabolism of methionine, is associated with cardiovascular diseases. There is little information available about serum concentration of Hcy in healthy Iranian population. In the present study, we assessed the reference range of serum Hcy level among inhabitants of the northern Persian Gulf. Methods: In the Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study (PGHHS which used a multistage, stratified, clustered sampling, we measured fasting serum Hcy level using enzyme immunoassay method with an accuracy limit of 1 µmol/ L. Confounding factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, drugs and chronic diseases were eliminated. Reference range for homocysteine level was considered between 5 and 95 percentiles. Results: A total of 886 participants (39.3% female, 60.7% male were evaluated. Mean plasma Hcy level was 14.58 ± 7.29 µmol/ L and was higher in men than women. Reference range for Hcy level was 8.35-31.1 µmol/ L in males and 2.39-24.31 µmol/ L in females. There was no difference among age groups for serum Hcy level. Conclusion: The Hcy level in the northern Persian Gulf general population is high. Since high Hcy level has been shown as a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases in various studies, it is essential to study the reasons of this high level of Hcy in this region.

  17. Association of serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and early ectopic pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes da Silva, M O; Elito, J; Daher, S; Camano, L; Fernandes Moron, A

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations in women with ectopic pregnancy (EP), miscarriage, and normal pregnancy (NP). This was a case-control study comparing serum VEGF concentrations among 72 women with ectopic pregnancy (n = 35), miscarriage (n = 15), and normal pregnancy (n = 22) matched for gestational age. For the determination of serum VEGF concentration a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used. Patients were stratified according to serum VEGF above or below 200 pg/ml. The serum level of VEGF was significantly higher in women with EP (median 211.1 pg/ml; range 5-1,017.0 pg/ml) than in women with normal pregnancy (median 5 pg/ml; range 5-310.6 pg/ml) p 200 pg/ml were used, an EP could be distinguished from a normal pregnancy with a sensitivity of 51.4%, a specificity of 90.9%, and a positive predictive value of 90%. Between EP and miscarriage, the sensitivity was 51.4%, specificity 42.8%, and a positive predictive value of 69.2%. Serum VEGF could not distinguish an EP from a miscarriage. However, serum VEGF concentrations could discriminate a normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) from an unviable pregnancy (EP or miscarriage).

  18. Association between serum osteocalcin levels and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinn, Dong Hyun; Gwak, Geum-Youn; Rhee, Sang Youl; Cho, Juhee; Son, Hee Jung; Paik, Yong-Han; Choi, Moon Seok; Lee, Joon Hyeok; Koh, Kwang Cheol; Yoo, Byung Chul; Paik, Seung Woon

    2015-01-01

    Osteocalcin was found to have a significant role in insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is considered a pathophysiological mechanism of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the relationship between serum osteocalcin level and NAFLD is not well known. A total of 7,067 women undergoing abdominal ultrasonography, bone mineral density, and serum osteocalcin level measurement were analyzed. Serum osteocalcin level was independently associated with menopausal status, bone mineral density, calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, γ-glutamyltransferase, and NAFLD. When women were grouped according to their menopausal status and bone mineral density, the serum osteocalcin level showed an independent inverse association with NAFLD in premenopausal women without osteopenia or osteoporosis (n = 2,941) [odd ratio (OR): 0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91-0.96, p < 0.001] and postmenopausal women without osteopenia or osteoporosis (n = 2,155) (OR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.95-0.98, p < 0.001), however, not