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Sample records for serge bouc cnrs-lamfa

  1. Entretien avec Serge Gruzinski

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanne, Boris

    2008-01-01

    Serge Gruzinski est archiviste-paléographe et directeur d’études à l’EHESS. À l’École française de Rome et à la Casa de Velázquez, mais surtout au Mexique, de 1976 à 1984, il a travaillé sur des sources lui permettant d’aborder la réaction des Indiens face à la conquête espagnole (La colonisation de l’imaginaire ; La guerre des images), le mélange des formes et des styles entre les éléments de culture précolombienne et ceux de l’Europe de la Renaissance (L’Amérique de la conquête peinte par l...

  2. René Girard, Le bouc émissaire

    OpenAIRE

    Pailler, Jean-Marie

    2017-01-01

    René Girard est mort le 4 novembre 2015. Un retirage d’une de ses œuvres majeures, Le bouc émissaire, publiée en 1982, a eu lieu vers la fin de ce même mois. Ce retirage d’opportunité nécrologique allait, hélas, s’avérer plus opportun encore que prévu. Entre-temps s’était produite la tuerie du Bataclan, le 13 novembre. Cet événement et la chaîne de ceux qui ont suivi se prêtent à plusieurs lectures. L’une des plus suggestives – et des moins rassurantes – est celle qui fait appel aux rivalités...

  3. Serge Gruzinski, L’histoire, pour quoi faire ?

    OpenAIRE

    Exbalin, Arnaud

    2015-01-01

    La photographie de Kader Attia qui illustre la couverture du dernier livre de Serge Gruzinski est l’un des nombreux points d’accroche qui jalonnent L’histoire, pour quoi faire ?, un ouvrage qui vient de paraître aux éditions Fayard. Ce cliché d’adolescents algériens jouant au foot dans les ruines romaines de Tazoult vient condenser près de deux mille ans d’histoire, une histoire des colonisations — romaine et française —, une histoire globale qui se manifeste par la pratique d’un sport d’orig...

  4. Una storiografia meticcia. Note sull’opera di Serge Gruzinski.

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Matilde Benzoni

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to acquaint the reader with the works of Serge Gruzinski. Historian, professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris), since the 1980s Gruzinski has put the phenomenon of globalization into an historical perspective. From La colonisation de l'imaginaire (1988) up to Quelle heure est-il là bas? (2008), through Les Quatre parties du monde (2004) and the exhibition La planète métisse (Paris, Musée du Quai Branly, 2008-2009), Gruzinski has developed his scient...

  5. Master-slave control with trajectory planning and Bouc-Wen model for tracking control of piezo-driven stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaojun; Liu, Changli; Chen, Lei

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, a redundant Piezo-driven stage having 3RRR compliant mechanism is introduced, we propose the master-slave control with trajectory planning (MSCTP) strategy and Bouc-Wen model to improve its micro-motion tracking performance. The advantage of the proposed controller lies in that its implementation only requires a simple control strategy without the complexity of modeling to avoid the master PEA's tracking error. The dynamic model of slave PEA system with Bouc-Wen hysteresis is established and identified via particle swarm optimization (PSO) approach. The Piezo-driven stage with operating period T=1s and 2s is implemented to track a prescribed circle. The simulation results show that MSCTP with Bouc-Wen model reduces the trajectory tracking errors to the range of the accuracy of our available measurement.

  6. Virtual Analog Models of the Lockhart and Serge Wavefolders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Esqueda

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Wavefolders are a particular class of nonlinear waveshaping circuits, and a staple of the “West Coast” tradition of analog sound synthesis. In this paper, we present analyses of two popular wavefolding circuits—the Lockhart and Serge wavefolders—and show that they achieve a very similar audio effect. We digitally model the input–output relationship of both circuits using the Lambert-W function, and examine their time- and frequency-domain behavior. To ameliorate the issue of aliasing distortion introduced by the nonlinear nature of wavefolding, we propose the use of the first-order antiderivative method. This method allows us to implement the proposed digital models in real-time without having to resort to high oversampling factors. The practical synthesis usage of both circuits is discussed by considering the case of multiple wavefolder stages arranged in series.

  7. An efficient Bouc & Wen approach for seismic analysis of masonry tower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Facchini

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of existing masonry towers under exceptional loads, such as earthquake loads, requires reliable, expedite and efficient methods of analysis. These approaches should take into account both the randomness that affects the masonry properties (in some cases also the distribution of the elastic parameters and, of course, the nonlinear behavior of masonry. Considering the need of simplified but effective methods to assess the seismic response of such structures, the paper proposes an efficient approach for seismic assessment of masonry towers assuming the material properties as a stochastic field. As a prototype of masonry towers a cantilever beam is analyzed assuming that the first modal shape governs the structural motion. With this hypothesis a nonlinear hysteretic Bouc & Wen model is employed to reproduce the system response which is subsequently employed to evaluate the response bounds. The results of the simplified approach are compared with the results of a finite element model to show the effectiveness of the method.

  8. METHODOLOGY FOR THE ESTIMATION OF PARAMETERS, OF THE MODIFIED BOUC-WEN MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz HANISZEWSKI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Bouc-Wen model is theoretical formulation that allows to reflect real hysteresis loop of modeled object. Such object is for example a wire rope, which is present on equipment of crane lifting mechanism. Where adopted modified version of the model has nine parameters. Determination of such a number of parameters is complex and problematic issue. In this article are shown the methodology to identify and sample results of numerical simulations. The results were compared with data obtained on the basis of laboratory tests of ropes [3] and on their basis it was found that there is compliance between results and there is possibility to apply in dynamic systems containing in their structures wire ropes [4].

  9. Una storiografia meticcia. Note sull’opera di Serge Gruzinski.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Matilde Benzoni

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to acquaint the reader with the works of Serge Gruzinski. Historian, professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris, since the 1980s Gruzinski has put the phenomenon of globalization into an historical perspective. From La colonisation de l'imaginaire (1988 up to Quelle heure est-il là bas? (2008, through Les Quatre parties du monde (2004 and the exhibition La planète métisse (Paris, Musée du Quai Branly, 2008-2009, Gruzinski has developed his scientific task from a very original point of view. With a special focus on Mexico and the Spanish-American experience, he has in fact followed the hints of globalization in the long period of history of civilizations, cultures, peoples and individuals. His works cross many frontiers. By connecting different spaces and times, different sources and scholarly traditions, the researches analyzed in this paper expose the reader to the whole gamut of cultural experiences fostered by globalization. In Gruzinski's perspective, history, far from being an ancilla of social sciences, remains the fundamental tool to understand and cope with the huge political and cultural changes of contemporary international life whose origins are rooted in the early modern age (XV-XVI century.

  10. Spectral embedding-based registration (SERg) for multimodal fusion of prostate histology and MRI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwuang, Eileen; Rusu, Mirabela; Karthigeyan, Sudha; Agner, Shannon C.; Sparks, Rachel; Shih, Natalie; Tomaszewski, John E.; Rosen, Mark; Feldman, Michael; Madabhushi, Anant

    2014-03-01

    Multi-modal image registration is needed to align medical images collected from different protocols or imaging sources, thereby allowing the mapping of complementary information between images. One challenge of multimodal image registration is that typical similarity measures rely on statistical correlations between image intensities to determine anatomical alignment. The use of alternate image representations could allow for mapping of intensities into a space or representation such that the multimodal images appear more similar, thus facilitating their co-registration. In this work, we present a spectral embedding based registration (SERg) method that uses non-linearly embedded representations obtained from independent components of statistical texture maps of the original images to facilitate multimodal image registration. Our methodology comprises the following main steps: 1) image-derived textural representation of the original images, 2) dimensionality reduction using independent component analysis (ICA), 3) spectral embedding to generate the alternate representations, and 4) image registration. The rationale behind our approach is that SERg yields embedded representations that can allow for very different looking images to appear more similar, thereby facilitating improved co-registration. Statistical texture features are derived from the image intensities and then reduced to a smaller set by using independent component analysis to remove redundant information. Spectral embedding generates a new representation by eigendecomposition from which only the most important eigenvectors are selected. This helps to accentuate areas of salience based on modality-invariant structural information and therefore better identifies corresponding regions in both the template and target images. The spirit behind SERg is that image registration driven by these areas of salience and correspondence should improve alignment accuracy. In this work, SERg is implemented using Demons

  11. Serge Gruzinski, Les quatre parties du monde. Histoire d’une mondialisation

    OpenAIRE

    Lucena Giraldo, Manuel

    2010-01-01

    Serge Gruzinski es un historiador reconocido en Europa, en Estados Unidos y en América Hispana por la calidad de sus trabajos, por su carácter innovador, por la originalidad de los problemas que se plantea, por la forma concreta de presentarlos y por la manera como documenta cada una de sus afirmaciones, a través de un trabajo de archivo exhaustivo, hasta donde es posible, en función del argumento de que se trate. Puede decirse sin vacilar que, con cada nueva obra de Gruzinski, el análisis hi...

  12. Zaumland. Serge Segay and Rea Nikonova in the International Mail Art Network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    -)procuces recognizable signs of subjectivity. This "subjectivity" takes the form of signs of autenticity and internal memory, which are used and reused by its participants and, thereby, create a certain communicative language within a group. More than any of the Soviet artists who have been participating in the network......, economical and political factors are limitations, which make joining the network difficult and sometimes impossible for artists in poor countries or in countries with a totalitarian regime. On another level, an artist's belonging to the network community relies on how well he or she recognizes and (re......, Rea Nikonova and Serge Segay achieved some success in becoming a part of the mail art community. This success relied on how well the artists performed according to the rules by which the network works....

  13. Serge Gruzinski. Les quatre parties du monde. Histoire d’une mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renán Silva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Serge Gruzinski es un historiador reconocido en Europa, en Estados Unidos y en América Hispana por la calidad de sus trabajos, por su carácter innovador, por la originalidad de los problemas que se plantea, por la forma concreta de presentarlos y por la manera como documenta cada una de sus afirmaciones, a través de un trabajo de archivo exhaustivo, hasta donde es posible, en función del argumento de que se trate. Puede decirse sin vacilar que, con cada nueva obra de Gruzinski, el análisis histórico vuelve a dotarse de ese carácter de saber empírico, de perspectiva analítica que lo caracteriza en sus mejores representantes, y se aleja por completo de su reducción a una simple práctica notarial (la simple copia de documentos, aunque también de toda especulación abstracta, que conduce a que el análisis histórico rompa sus relaciones con ese mundo empírico que constituye el límite de cada una de sus afirmaciones, cuando el oficio se ejerce en un marco de “ciencia controlada”.

  14. [Dr. Samuel Serge Voronoff (1866-1951) or "the quest for eternal youth"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augier, F; Salf, E; Nottet, J B

    1996-01-01

    Samuel Serge Voronoff, a French physician and surgeon of Russian origin was the Khédive's personal physician from 1896 to 1910 and the instigator of modern medicine in Egypt. He was later a student and friend of Alexis Carrel as soon as 1910 and directed a service of bone grafts during World War I. Between 1912 and 1949 he published the results of his experimental work at his Voronoff Foundation of the Collège de France and at Grimaldi where he performed homografts of endocrine glands of cattle and corresponding heterografts between great primates and man. Contested since 1922 by his colleagues for his results however histologically confirmed and improved durable, Voronoff who had an audience in the Académie des Sciences will proceed his research with success during the period preceding World War II. He grafted old people in senior homes and Government cattle in Algeria, training followers in Italy and California. In 1939 he gave all his research facilities at the Collège de France to René Leriche (1879-1955) and remained on the American continent until 1945. At that time his theories became obsolete in view of the progress in endocrinology and his laboratories were destroyed during the war. He died in Lausanne in 1951 at 85. The recent epidemics caused by HIV suggests to study the work he performed in the Collège de France.

  15. LATOUCHE, Serge. Cornelius Castoriadis ou l’autonomie radical. Colección: Les précurseurs de la décoissance. Neuvy-en-Champagne. Le passager Clandestin. ISBN: 978-2-36935-008-8.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EMILIANO ALDEGANI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available LATOUCHE, Serge. Cornelius Castoriadis ou l’autonomie radical.Colección: Les précurseurs de la décoissance. Neuvy-en-Champagne. Le passager Clandestin. ISBN: 978-2-36935-008-8.

  16. 2. Serge Bernard.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    19 mai 2017 ... pas gratuit. La définition et l'histoire du concept nous en fournissent la preuve. ... principes les plus essentiels de la démocratie et de l'État de droit, le Livre ... autour d'un arbre ou simplement dans un lieu public, en Afrique, « les ...... Revue internationale des Sciences sociales, n° 155, Éditions Unesco.

  17. 1937-IJBCS-Article-Serge Ello

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    investigate initial (C0) and (equilibrium) (Ce) solution concentrations. Powder and granular activated carbons showed different adsorption capacity. The amount ... ion-exchange, electroflotation, membrane ..... removal of copper and lead ions.

  18. 2682-IJBCS-Article-Serge Samandoulougou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    poultry-science-lines-of-xNA.html. Moula N, Antoine-Moussiaux N, Ait Kaki A,. Farnir F, Leroy P. 2012. Comparaison de la qualité des œufs de la race de poule locale Kabyle et de son croisement avec la souche industrielle. Isa-Brown. 10ème Journées des Sciences. Vétérinaires : ENSV, Alger, Algérie. Mourad M, Bah AS, ...

  19. 1209- IJBCS-Article-Deh Serge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    multipliées dans la région en dehors de toute mesure de protection des ressources en eau. Pour évaluer le degré ..... La topographie contrôle la probabilité ..... confirmer la performance de la méthode de l'analyse .... Contribution à la gestion.

  20. Francis Jauréguiberry & Serge Proulx, Usages et enjeux des technologies de communication

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    Jean-Pierre Durand

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce petit ouvrage propose une très large revue de littérature sur les usages des technologies de l’information et de la communication. On peut dire que cet ouvrage est complet, en particulier parce qu’il couvre aussi la production intellectuelle du monde anglo-saxon. Il est très agréable à lire parce que les thèses y sont exposées clairement. C’est aussi un ouvrage qui reprend l’historique des usages des TIC et leurs analyses dans les sciences humaines. Le premier chapitre propose un cadrage t...

  1. Tšaikovski, P. La Fille des neiges (musique de scene op. 12) / Serge Martin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martin, Serge

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Tšaikovski, P. La Fille des neiges (musique de scene op. 12). University Musical Society Choral Union. Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. Chandos CHAN 9324, distribution Media 7 (CD: 157 F). 1994. TT: 1h 19'04"

  2. Les “démons crachés” de l'autre République de Serge Armand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    country. Literary fiction has been perceived as an instrument par excellence to combat the abuse of political or military power. Furthermore, it will be demonstrated how and why the use of violence by politicians is depicted throughout the novel as cannibalism. The paper will finally analyse the way Zanzala uses the fabulous ...

  3. Les “démons crachés” de l'autre République de Serge Armand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    toute-puissance du politique que l'auteur met sur scène une force opposée qui ne .... n'hésitera pas à former de vrais tueurs et à recruter dans les villages parmi les .... “une stratégie dont se servent beaucoup de peuples du monde acceptant ...

  4. Les “démons crachés” de l'autre République de Serge Armand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    serait provenue que de l'au-delà du monde physique pour combattre le tyran. ..... Marc Moura qui estime que l'œuvre de Sony Labou Tansi présente “une étrangeté .... de soi qui, dans le texte et qui équivaut à l'égoïsme, est la plus large des ...

  5. Optimización del modelo Bouc-Wen de un amortiguador magnetoreológico mediante algoritmos genéticos

    OpenAIRE

    Oviedo Gutiérrez, Diego

    2010-01-01

    Los principales objetivos que se pretenden conseguir en el presente proyecto fin de carrera son los siguientes: • Caracterizar el comportamiento dinámico de un amortiguador magnetoreológico. • Ajustar unos parámetros a un modelo que permita simular el comportamiento dinámico del mismo. El contenido del proyecto fin de carrera se encuentra distribuido en 9 capítulos, el primero de los cuales está formado por la presente introducción. El capítulo 2 presenta el sistema de suspe...

  6. Compte rendu de Girel (Sylvia & Proust (Serge (dir., Les usages de la sociologie de l’art. Constructions théoriques, cas pratiques.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Ferrette

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Ce livre, issu du travail mené par le réseau « Arts et culture » dans le cadre du deuxième Congrès de l’Association Française de sociologie (AFS, met l’eau à la bouche : il ne s’agit de rien de moins que d’entrer dans la « cuisine » des sociologues de l’art, de voir quelle conception de la sociologie ils mettent en œuvre dans leurs travaux. Car l’objet de cette série d’exposés – cinq au total – est d’examiner les rapports entre une sociologie spécifique de l’art et une (la ? sociologie géné...

  7. Serge Dassault, chair of the Dassault Group and Socpresse and senator of Essonne, participated in the Amicable Economic and Social Council of France at CERN on 15 June.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Dassault visited the underground cavern of the ATLAS experiment together with his son, Olivier, and Jean Jacques Blaising, head of the Physics Department. The participants also toured the LHC magnet assembly and testing hall, and the surface assembly hall and experimental cavern of the CMS experiment.

  8. Shuttle Experimental Radar for Geological Exploration (SERGE) project: Field work relating to the Shuttle Experimental Radar A (SIR-A) in Brazil (phase 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balieiro, M. G.; Martini, P. R.; Dossantos, J. R.; Demattos, J. T.

    1984-01-01

    The ground observations undertaken over the northern position of Minas Gerais State, and part of Distrito Federal from 7 to 12 December 1982, along the Space Shuttle 2 flying orbit 22 of November 1981 are described. Field data related mostly with lithology, geological structures and forest cover, and specific geomorphological and pedological aspects were collected. Ground data are applied to evaluate the SIR-A Experiment, developed in the Space Shuttle-2 mission for natural resources mapping and prospecting.

  9. System identication of a linearized hysteretic system using covariance driven stochastic subspace identication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bajric, Anela

    A single mass Bouc-Wen oscillator with linear static restoring force contribution is approximated by an equivalent linear system. The aim of the linearized model is to emulate the correct force-displacement response of the Bouc-Wenmodel with characteristic hysteretic behaviour. The linearized mod...

  10. Analyse technico–économique des Aliments densifies sur les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une étude portant sur l'influence des aliments densifiés sur la performance de croissance des boucs roux de Maradi a été conduite entre juillet 2016 à septembre 2016. Quarante deux (42) boucs ont été répartis au hasard en six lots de sept individus. Chaque lot correspond à un aliment ou traitement préparé à partir des.

  11. Distinction

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Pr Serge Haroche La Médaille d’or 2009 du CNRS est décernée au Pr Serge Haroche, titulaire de la chaire de Physique quantique depuis 2001. Serge Haroche est spécialiste de physique atomique et d’optique quantique. Il est l’un des fondateurs de l’électrodynamique quantique en cavité, domaine qui permet, par des expériences conceptuellement simples, d’éclairer les fondements de la théorie quantique et de réaliser des prototypes de systèmes de traitement quantique de l’information. Serge Haroche...

  12. O descontínuo na história da cultura colonial e pós-colonial: acidente ou fatalidade?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena P. T. Machado

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Through a discussion of texts by Homi Bhabha, Mary Louise Pratt, Serge Gruzinski, and Renato Rosaldo, this article shows how these authors provide different ways of thinking about time, continuity, and discontinuity in history.

  13. Bordeaux, ô Bordeaux, quelle âme est sans défaut…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Arbaizar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Figure 1The red Lion, Phot. Serge Guilbaut© Serge Guilbaut, 1967Figure 2On prenait quelques photos pour se souvenir... Phot. Serge Guilbaut© Serge Guilbaut, 1967C’était l’année universitaire 1966-1967. Nous formions une masse indistincte, agitée, mouvante dans la salle de cours de l’Institut d’histoire de l’art. Nous sortions du Bac. La salle n’était pas grande, trois ou quatre tables étroites, très allongées entre lesquelles les groupes se répartissaient. Les territoires étaient marqués. Mai...

  14. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bastin

    1982-04-01

    Full Text Available - Franz von Benda-Beckmann, M.B. Hooker, Native law in Sabah and Sarawak, Malayan law journal PTE., Singapore, 1980, xii, 91 pp. - Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Joel S. Kahn, Minangkabau social formations: Indonesian peasants and the world economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1980, xvi, 228 pp., 29 tables, 3 figs., 3 maps, glossary, index. - W.F.L. Buschkens, Jean Lydall, The Hamar of Southern Ethiopia: I, Work journal, XX + 289 pp.; II, Baldambe explains, X + 231 pp.; III, Conversations in Dambaiti, XXII + 273 pp.; Klaus Renner Verlag, Hohenschäftlarn, am Sonnenhang 8, German Federal Republic., Ivo Strecker (eds. - Henri J.M. Claessen, Joan Leopold, Culture in comparative evolutionary perspective: E.B. Tylor and the making of primitive culture, Berlin: Dietrich Reimar Verlag, 1980, Beiträge zur Kulturanthropologie. 183 pp. Ills. Notes. App. - Henri J.M. Claessen, Jean-Claude Muller, Le roi bouc emissaire; Pouvoir et rituel chez les Rukuba du Nigéria central, Quebec: Serge Fleury, 1980. 494 pp. Ills., annexes, bibl. - Henri J.M. Claessen, William A. Shack, Politics in leadership; a comparative perspective, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979. 296 pp. bibl. indexes., Percy S. Cohen (eds. - P. van Emst, Bailey W. Diffie, Foundations of the Portugese empire, 1415-1580. Europe and the world in the age of expansion, Volume I. University of Minnesota Press, Oxford University Press, 1977. XXX and 533 pages, ill., maps., George D. Winius (eds. - H.J. De Graaf, E.M. Beekman, The Poison tree; Selected writings of Rumphius on the natural history of the Indies, translated by E. M. Beekman, the University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst. - M. Hekker, W. Lundström-Burghoorn, Minahasa civilization; A tradition of change, Göteborg 1981. Sw. Cr. 80, -. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Gothenburg studies in social anthropology, 2. - David T. Hill, Soebagijo I.N., Jagat Wartawan Indonesia, P.T. Gunung Agung, Jakarta. 635 + XVI pp. plus photographs. 1981

  15. Parameter identification of piezoelectric hysteresis model based on improved artificial bee colony algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Geng; Zhou, Kexin; Zhang, Yeming

    2018-04-01

    The widely used Bouc-Wen hysteresis model can be utilized to accurately simulate the voltage-displacement curves of piezoelectric actuators. In order to identify the unknown parameters of the Bouc-Wen model, an improved artificial bee colony (IABC) algorithm is proposed in this paper. A guiding strategy for searching the current optimal position of the food source is proposed in the method, which can help balance the local search ability and global exploitation capability. And the formula for the scout bees to search for the food source is modified to increase the convergence speed. Some experiments were conducted to verify the effectiveness of the IABC algorithm. The results show that the identified hysteresis model agreed well with the actual actuator response. Moreover, the identification results were compared with the standard particle swarm optimization (PSO) method, and it can be seen that the search performance in convergence rate of the IABC algorithm is better than that of the standard PSO method.

  16. Europa can not end use of russian natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovak, K.; Marcan, P.

    2006-01-01

    In thi paper the extract from an interview with the Chairman of the Board of Directors of gas utility Slovensky plynarensky priemysel, Philippe Boucly is published. Shutdowns of gas supplies at the beginning of the year triggered the start of discussions on Europe's dependency on Russian natural gas. But the weeks of discussion did not find a solution. The discussions were limited to searching for solutions regarding the elimination of the impact of the unpredictable activities of Russian partners

  17. Reliability of Soil Sublayers Under Earthquake Excitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren R. K.; Mørk, Kim Jørgensen

    A hysteretic model is formulated for a multi-layer subsoil subjected to horizontal earthquake shear waves (SH-waves). For each layer a modified Bouc-Wen model is used, relating the increments of the hysteretic shear stress to increments of the shear strain of the layer. Liquefaction is considered...... for each layer. The horizontal earthquake acceleration process at bedrock level is modelled as a non-stationary white noise, filtered through a time-invariant linear second order filter....

  18. A Study of the Role of Small Ethnic Retail Grocery Stores in Urban Renewal in a Social Housing Project, Toronto, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komakech, Morris D C; Jackson, Suzanne F

    2016-06-01

    Urban renewal often drives away the original residents, replacing them with higher income residents who can afford the new spaces, leading to gentrification. Urban renewal that takes place over many years can create uncertainties for retailers and residents, exacerbating the gentrification process. This qualitative study explored how the urban renewal process in a multi-cultural social housing neighborhood in Toronto (Regent Park) affected the small ethnic retail grocery stores (SERGS) that supplied ethnic foods and items to the ethnic populations living there. Interviews were conducted with ten SERGS store owners/managers and 16 ethnic residents who lived in Regent Park before renewal and were displaced, or who were displaced and returned. The SERGS stated that they provided culturally familiar items and offered a social credit scheme that recognized existing social relationships and allowed low-income residents to afford food and other amenities in a dignified manner and pay later, without penalty or interest. At the same time, the SERGS were unsupported during the renewal, were excluded from the civic planning processes, could not compete for space in the new buildings, and experienced declining sales and loss of business. The residents stated that the SERGS were trusted, provided a valued cultural social spaces for ethnic identity formation, and ethnic food security but they faced many uncertainties about the role of SERGS in a renewed neighborhood. Based on this study, it is recommended that ethnic retailers be recognized for the role they play in formulating ethnic identities and food security in mixed-use mixed-income communities and that they be included in planning processes during urban renewal. Such recognition may enable more former residents to return and lessen the gentrification.

  19. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Motion Picture Soundtrack "Brown Sugar", Marc Bolan & T. Rex "The essential Collection", Ace of Base "Da Capo", Serge Gainsbourg "Initials SG. Best of", George Harrison "Brainwashed", Barbariz/Pastacas "Dehemardik Datis", Kyoto Jazz Massive "Spirit Of The Sun", Pain "Nothing Remains the Same"

  20. O tempo e o mundo: defesa de uma história planetária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Velloso

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Resenha do livro: GRUZINSKI, Serge. As quatro partes do mundo: história de uma mundialização. Tradução de Cleonice Paes Barreto Mourão e Consuelo Fortes Santiago. Belo Horizonte: Editora UFMG; São Paulo: Edusp, 2014.

  1. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 3301 - 3350 of 11090 ... Tatiana Krasova-Wade, Ibrahima Ndoye, Serge Braconnier, Benoit Sarr, Philippe de Lajudie, Marc Neyra. Vol 11, No 19 (2012), Diversity of .... José Tavares de Sousa, Rita de Cássia Vieira Alves, Wilton da Silva Lopes, Valderi Duarte Leite, José Lima de Oliveira Júnior. Vol 7, No 15 (2008) ...

  2. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 15, No 21 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Morphological diversity in oleaginous watermelon (Citrullus mucosospermus) from the Nangui Abrogoua University germplasm collection · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ahou A Gbotto, Kouamé K Koffi, Nandy D Fouha Bi, Serge T Doubi Bi, Hippolyte ...

  3. Tundmatu eesti disain / Ivar Sakk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakk, Ivar, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti disainist, selle teadvustamisest, disainiajaloo puudumisest. Eesti keraamika ajaloost on kirjutanud Leo Rohlin, klaasikunsti ajaloost Maie-Ann Raun, sisearhitektuuri ajaloost Krista Kodres. Kai Lobjakas on kirjutanud ülevaate "Märkmeid eesti disainist". Saksa disaineri Serge Rompza ja ameerika disainiteoreetiku Victor Margolini arvamusest näituse "Ajast ees" kohta

  4. Review of the current understanding of the potential for containment failure from in-vessel steam explosions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-06-01

    A group of experts was convened to review the current understanding of the potential for containment failure from in-vessel steam explosions during core meltdown accidents in LWRs. The Steam Explosion Review Group (SERG) was requested to provide assessments of: (1) the conditional probability of containment failure due to a steam explosion, (2) a Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) report entitled ''An Uncertainty Study of PWR Steam Explosions,'' NUREG/CR-3369, (3) a SNL proposed steam explosion research program. This report summarizes the results of the deliberations of the review group. It also presents the detailed response of each individual member to each of the issues. The consensus of the SERG is that the occurrence of a steam explosion of sufficient energetics which could lead to alpha-mode containment failure has a low probability. The SERG members disagreed with the methodology used in NUREG/CR-3369 for the purpose of establishing the uncertainty in the probability of containment failure by a steam explosion. A consensus was reached among SERG members on the need for a continuing steam explosion research program which would improve our understanding of certain aspects of steam explosion phenomenology

  5. Globalization and Dual Modes of Higher Education Policymaking in France: Je T'aime Moi Non Plus. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.2.11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoareau, Cecile

    2011-01-01

    The French Government has had a paradoxical relationship with globalization. Globalization is perceived as both a threat to react against and a cradle for new policy ideas. French policymakers have a love-hate relationship with the European higher education reforms that started in the 1990s, a mixed sentiment that French singer Serge Gainsbourg…

  6. Social and cultural activities

    CERN Multimedia

    GAC, Jardin d'enfants, Clubs, Association du personnel, Interfon

    2006-01-01

    Groupement des anciens du CERN Nursery School : Enrolment 2006-2007. Exhibition The Club of the week : Yachting Club Yoga. Ski. Solar. Artemusa. Rugby. Record. MicroClub. CineClub. Evening Conference : Nicole and Serge Roetheli. Tour du monde. Interfon

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Serge Haroche, Collège de France, Paris, France, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France. David J Wineland, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO, USA; Univer- sity of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA. Chemistry. “for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors” to. Robert J Lefkowitz, Howard Hughes ...

  8. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Sangappa. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 30 Issue 2 March 2005 pp 259-268 Articles. Crystal structure of raw pure Mysore silk fibre based on (Ala-Gly)2-Ser-Gly peptide sequence using Linked-Atom-Least-Squares method · Sangappa S S Mahesh R Somashekar.

  9. Between Looking and Gesturing, Pierre Hébert′s concept of ′Animation d′observation′

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graca, Marina Estela

    the ?techniques? of the animated film. However, following Pierre Hébert's meeting with the Belgian poet Serge Meurant, it became evident that it was more than just a film. In CONFITURES DE GAGAKU (1986), the following production to THE SUBWAY, SONGS AND DANCES OF THE INANIMATE WORLD: THE SUBWAY / LE METRO, CHANTS...

  10. Preemption and Retribution: Precision-Guided Munitions to Counter Terrorist Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-01

    story are told. Terrorists have become skilled at cultivating 18 the " underdog " image and portraying their adversaries as ruthless aggressors...Frontiers, Israel’s War Against Terrorism, London: Arms and Armour Publications, 1990. Schmemann, Serge. " Netanyahu Defiantly Defending Botched

  11. Privacy na Babel : de vermeende ongrijpbaarheid van het privacybegrip

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vedder, A.H.

    1998-01-01

    De veel voorkomende en onlangs weer door Serge Gutwirth naar voren gebrachte opvatting dat privacy principieel ondefinieerbaar is, is onjuist. Voor de verdediging van privacy als waarde moet men aannemen dat privacy weliswaar een vaag complex begrip is, dat voor een deel contextueel bepaald wordt,

  12. Activités culturelles

    CERN Multimedia

    Clubs, AP, Interfon

    2005-01-01

    The Club of the week: The CERN Photo Club Cycling Club Golf Club Ciné-Club : La prophétie des grenouilles Concerts du soir MicroClub Ciné-Club : Together Ciné-Club : Vertigo Evening Conference : Nicole and Serge Roetheli Café des sciences : Les Tribulations d'un jardin en ville Interfon

  13. Neural networkbased semi-active control strategy for structural vibration mitigation with magnetorheological damper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhowmik, Subrata

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a neural network based semi-active control method for a rotary type magnetorheological (MR) damper. The characteristics of the MR damper are described by the classic Bouc-Wen model, and the performance of the proposed control method is evaluated in terms of a base exited shear...... to determine the damper current based on the derived optimal damper force. For that reason an inverse MR damper model is also designed based on the neural network identification of the particular rotary MR damper. The performance of the proposed controller is compared to that of an optimal pure viscous damper...

  14. CERN is awarded environmental label

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Ophrys apifera, or bee orchid: the most widespread variety at our site. Anacamptis pyramidalis or pyramidal orchid: another common variety, with close to 2500 plants counted in 2005. This year, a Himantoglossum robertianum or giant orchid was spotted for the first time, an extremely rare specimen to find in our region. The monkey orchid, Orchis simia, gets its name from the bizarre shape of its labellum (this is actually the third petal, hanging down from the flower), which may remind you of a monkey. Himantoglossum hircinum, the lizard orchid, occurs periodically on the site. It has a rather strong odour, which is why in French it is called orchis bouc (goat orchid).

  15. "Shape function + memory mechanism"-based hysteresis modeling of magnetorheological fluid actuators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Li-Jun; Chen, Peng; Cai, Fei-Long; Bai, Xian-Xu

    2018-03-01

    A hysteresis model based on "shape function + memory mechanism" is presented and its feasibility is verified through modeling the hysteresis behavior of a magnetorheological (MR) damper. A hysteresis phenomenon in resistor-capacitor (RC) circuit is first presented and analyzed. In the hysteresis model, the "memory mechanism" originating from the charging and discharging processes of the RC circuit is constructed by adopting a virtual displacement variable and updating laws for the reference points. The "shape function" is achieved and generalized from analytical solutions of the simple semi-linear Duhem model. Using the approach, the memory mechanism reveals the essence of specific Duhem model and the general shape function provides a direct and clear means to fit the hysteresis loop. In the frame of the structure of a "Restructured phenomenological model", the original hysteresis operator, i.e., the Bouc-Wen operator, is replaced with the new hysteresis operator. The comparative work with the Bouc-Wen operator based model demonstrates superior performances of high computational efficiency and comparable accuracy of the new hysteresis operator-based model.

  16. Association between subjective actual sleep duration, subjective sleep need, age, body mass index, and gender in a large sample of young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Brand, Serge; Kalak,Nadeem; Beck,Johannes; Wollmer,Marc; Holsboer-Trachsler,Edith

    2015-01-01

    Nadeem Kalak,1 Serge Brand,1,2 Johannes Beck,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 M Axel Wollmer1,3 1Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, 2Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Asklepios Clinic North Ochsenzoll, Asklepios Campus Hamburg, Medical Faculty, Semmelweis University, Hamburg, Germany Background: Poor sleep is a major health concern, and there is evidence that young adults are at increased risk of suf...

  17. Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Br; S; Jossen S; Holsboer-Trachsler E; Pühse U; Gerber M

    2015-01-01

    Serge Brand,1,2,* Stefanie Jossen,2,* Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Uwe Pühse,2 Markus Gerber21Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland*These authors contributed equally to this work and share the first authorshipBackground: Prevalence rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased dramatically in the last two decad...

  18. Association between subjective actual sleep duration, subjective sleep need, age, body mass index, and gender in a large sample of young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Kalak N; Br; S; Beck J; Holsboer-Trachsler E; Wollmer MA

    2015-01-01

    Nadeem Kalak,1 Serge Brand,1,2 Johannes Beck,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 M Axel Wollmer1,3 1Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, 2Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Asklepios Clinic North Ochsenzoll, Asklepios Campus Hamburg, Medical Faculty, Semmelweis University, Hamburg, Germany Background: Poor sleep is a major health concern, and there is evidence that young adults are at increased risk of sufferi...

  19. Sleep duration and subjective psychological well-being in adolescence: a longitudinal study in Switzerland and Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Brand, Serge; Lemola,Sakari; Holsboer-Trachsler,Edith; Grob,Alexander; Kalak,Nadeem

    2014-01-01

    Nadeem Kalak,1 Sakari Lemola,2 Serge Brand,1,3 Edith Holsboer–Trachsler,1 Alexander Grob21Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorder, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland; 2Department of Psychology, 3Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Adolescents’ sleep duration and subjective psychological well-being are...

  20. Office of Strategic Services Training during World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    States: centralized intelligence, “fifth column” activities, psycho- logical or “ political warfare,” and the kind of sabotage, com- mando raids and...ship of Lt. Col. Serge Obolen- sky, a former Russian prince and New York socialite who had fought the Germans in World War I, the Bolsheviks in...and conflicting political agendas. Some veter- ans grumbled about undue emphasis on “cloak and dagger creepiness” instead of practical training that

  1. Seasonal Dynamics of Stress Proteins in Leaves of Medicinal Plants in a Natural Environment of Irkutsk and on the Shores of the Lake Baikal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Zhivetiev

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We study leafs of five plant species, growing in Irkutsk city and on the southeastern shore of Lake Baikal. These species are Achillea asiatica Serg., Taraxacum officinale Wigg., Plantago major L., Veronica chamaedrys L. and Alchemilla subcrenata Buser. In its leafs we identify some types of stress-induced proteins. In autumn, the accumulation of stress proteins in leafs of plants both from shores of Lake Baikal and from Irkutsk have been registered.

  2. Quantum Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Haroche, Serge

    2013-01-01

    From the infinitely small to the infinitely big, covering over 60 spatial orders of magnitude, quantum theory is used as much to describe the still largely mysterious vibrations of the microscopic strings that could be the basic constituents of the Universe, as to explain the fluctuations of the microwave radiation reaching us from the depths of outer space. Serge Haroche tells us about the scientific theory that revolutionised our understanding of nature and made an extraordinary contributio...

  3. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Composition 2010 Président :  Gianni DEROMA Vice-président :  Marcel AYMON Vice-président :  Sébastien EVRARD Secrétaire :  Michel GOOSSENS Trésorier :  Céline GROBON Membres :  Philippe DEFFERT  Roger GIRARDOT  Serge GRILLOT  Catherine LAVERRIERE  Michael LUDWIG  Sonia MALLON AMERIGO  Isabelle MARDIROSSIAN

  4. ["Lääne Elu" väljakuulutatud jõululuuletuste konkursil osalejad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Taive Kesseli "Toa nurgas jõulupuu ehete säras..." ; Ülle Ehala "Advent" ; Heldi Leidsalu "Laul jõuluvanale" ; Silja Paulus "Olen olnud paha laps" ; Erika Raudsepp "Jõuluvanal "Kopp on ees"..." ; Kelvin Vaske "Jõulususs ootab" ; Allar Lillenurm "Öö sinine, helge..." ; Maarja-Liis Mäeste "Jõululuuletus" ; Merilin Serg "Lumi tuli" ; Silvi-Astrid Mickelin "Sajandite reel", "Hing ihkab"

  5. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 510 ... Vol 42, No 2 (2017), Déterritorialisation et communautés imaginées : analyse anthropo-philosophique des mouvements et des réseaux sociaux des jeunes dans l'Afrique post-coloniale à la lumière de la pensée d'Arjun Appadurai, Abstract PDF. Serge Bernard Emmanuel Aliana. Vol 39, No 2 (2014) ...

  6. More than a theory: a new map of social thought

    OpenAIRE

    Kalampalikis , Nikos; Haas , Valérie

    2008-01-01

    International audience; In this article we revisit two different temporal phases related to the main publication of Serge Moscovici's book La Psychanalyse, son image et son public together with two key promissing notions of the theory, cognitive polyphasia and anchoring. The first phase, initiated by the durkheimian cercle, will give us the occasion to retrieve the traces of the fascinating intellectual debate about collective psychology that was involved in producing ¨frontier¨ propositions ...

  7. Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Brand, Serge; Jossen,Stefanie; Holsboer-Trachsler,Edith; Pühse,Uwe; Gerber,Markus

    2015-01-01

    Serge Brand,1,2,* Stefanie Jossen,2,* Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Uwe Pühse,2 Markus Gerber21Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland*These authors contributed equally to this work and share the first authorshipBackground: Prevalence rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased dramatically in the last two d...

  8. Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference Partnerships for Learning in the New Millennium Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    DISTRIBUTED POWER ARCHITECTURE John McCrillis, Kevin Cahill, Joseph Kerkes, Clint Steffan BAE SYSTEMS Flight Simulation and Training A typical full...DATABASE? Serge J. Olszanskyj Evans & Sutherland Computer Corporation We discuss the complexity of making a synthetic environment (i.e., a database...and architectures.This paper describes a DB conversion process jointly developed by Boeing, Westar, Evans and Sutherland (E&S), and Terrain Experts

  9. Assessing the impacts of Acacia mearnsii on grazing provision and livestock production

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Yapi, T

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available with selective grazing Others: grass invaders, forbs and serge Bare: refers to bare ground RESULTS: Grass species composition and basal cover 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Uninvaded Cleared Light Dense Co ver (% ) A. mearnsii invasion status... Light Dense M o is tu re (% ) Acacia mearnsii invasion status P?0.05 CONCLUSIONS and RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions ?High density invasions of A. mearnsii have negative effects on rangelands productivity ?Removal of A. mearnsii improves grazing...

  10. Semiannual Report, April 1 1999 through September 30, 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-11-01

    Nonlinear Difference Equation Models from Data for Flow Control Richard Longman Modern feedback control system design methods usually make use of a...Layer" Goossens , Serge, Katholieke Universitaeit, Belgium July 22 "Two-level Algorithms for Overlapping Composite Mesh Difference Methods" Taft, James...Physical Sciences - Flow Control Llorente, Ignacio Applied & Numerical Math Longman, Richard Physical Sciences - Flow Control University of Paris

  11. Inverter drive of the motor for pellet chain and rotary shaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horie, Katsuzo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Kobayashi, Chiaki

    1996-12-01

    On renewal of driving control board for main body system of tandem accelerator of JAERI (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute), drive of pellet chain and rotary shaft (for electric power supply to high voltage terminal and others) was changed to inverter driving. It is main aim of this change to prevent from mechanical impact at driving. Here is described on some problems seemed to form on change to inverter driving and some attentions on future adaptation of inverter to accelerator system after simply considering execution of improvement of main body driving system. As a result, the following items were found: (1) To need to confirm a character of possibility to adapt the inverter driving due to many case of accelerators fabricated with imported motor. (2) To preferably adapt motor with forced insulation or exclusive motor for the inverter, especially on case of 400 V class, to prevent insulation deterioration formed at motor terminal of serge voltage caused by circuit constant. (3) To install serge voltage control filter at secondary side of the inverter in the case of 400 V class motor, which is expected to protect the inverter from mixing of the serge accompanying with discharge of the accelerator. (4) To make the wire length of the motor from the inverter as short as possible, if possible within 30 m. And, (5) to install the converter at control panel at place easy to exchange its cooling fan and electrolytic condenser. (G.K.)

  12. CERN reveals its real nature

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    CERN has been awarded an environmental label for its protection of rare flower species and its natural landscaping at the Meyrin site. Ophrys apifera, or bee orchid: the most widespread variety at our site. This year, a Himantoglossum robertianum or giant orchid was spotted for the first time, an extremely rare specimen to find in our region. The monkey orchid, Orchis simia, gets its name from the bizarre shape of its labellum (this is actually the third petal, hanging down from the flower), which may remind you of a monkey. Himantoglossum hircinum, the lizard orchid, occurs periodically on the site. It has a rather strong odour, which is why in French it is called orchis bouc (goat orchid). Yves Chevret and Michel Vauthey surrounded by Orchis pyramidal plants. It takes a tr...

  13. Nonlinear Dynamics Analysis of the Semiactive Suspension System with Magneto-Rheological Damper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hailong Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines dynamical behavior of a nonlinear oscillator which models a quarter-car forced by the road profile. The magneto-rheological (MR suspension system has been established, by employing the modified Bouc-Wen force-velocity (F-v model of magneto-rheological damper (MRD. The possibility of chaotic motions in MR suspension is discovered by employing the method of nonlinear stability analysis. With the bifurcation diagrams and corresponding Lyapunov exponent (LE spectrum diagrams detected through numerical calculation, we can observe the complex dynamical behaviors and oscillating mechanism of alternating periodic oscillations, quasiperiodic oscillations, and chaotic oscillations with different profiles of road excitation, as well as the dynamical evolutions to chaos through period-doubling bifurcations, saddle-node bifurcations, and reverse period-doubling bifurcations.

  14. Table des illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Figure 1 (p. i) : « Exposition d’un groupe de vaudois devant le palais épiscopal d’Arras », Gravure de Jan Luyken, Nederlandsche Historie de M. Z. Van Boxhorn, H. Ribbius, Utrecht, p. 6 (H. 14 cm / L. 8,8 cm). Figure 2 (p. ii) : « Vaudois torturés à Arras en 1491 », Jan Luyken, op. cit., p. 132 (H. 13,5 cm / L. 9 cm). Figure 3 (p. iii) : « Vaudois torturés à Arras en 1491 » (bis ), Jan Luyken, op. cit., p. 132 (H. 13,6 cm / L. 8,5 cm). Figure 4 (p. iv) : L’Adoration du bouc satanique, Jean Ta...

  15. Robust independent modal space control of a coupled nano-positioning piezo-stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wei; Yang, Fufeng; Rui, Xiaoting

    2018-06-01

    In order to accurately control a coupled 3-DOF nano-positioning piezo-stage, this paper designs a hybrid controller. In this controller, a hysteresis observer based on a Bouc-Wen model is established to compensate the hysteresis nonlinearity of the piezoelectric actuator first. Compared to hysteresis compensations using Preisach model and Prandt-Ishlinskii model, the compensation method using the hysteresis observer is computationally lighter. Then, based on the proposed dynamics model, by constructing the modal filter, a robust H∞ independent modal space controller is designed and utilized to decouple the piezo-stage and deal with the unmodeled dynamics, disturbance, and hysteresis compensation error. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is demonstrated experimentally. The experimental results show that the proposed controller can significantly achieve the high-precision positioning.

  16. Modelling and Control of Magnetorheological Damper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhowmik, Subrata

    , used as reference case for assessment of the proposed control methods with negative stiffness. Viscous damping with negative stiffness (VDNS) initially illustrates the effectiveness of the negative stiffness component in structural damping. In a linear control setting negative stiffness requires active...... damper is identified by both the standard parametric Bouc-Wen model and the non-parametric neural network model from an experimental data set generated by dynamic tests of the MR damper mounted in a hydraulic testing machine. The forward model represents the direct dynamics of the MR damper where...... are essential input parameters for the MR damper modelling. Thus, for proper training, the quality of the velocity data is very important. However, direct velocity measurement is not easy. From the displacement data or the acceleration data, velocity can be determined by using simple differentiation...

  17. Esquisse bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Balcou, Jean

    2016-01-01

    1. OUVRAGES GÉNÉRAUX The Twenties, Actes du GRENA, Serge Ricard, ed., Université de Provence, 1982. American Heritage, New York: Heritage Publication, vol. 16, no 5, Août 1965. Annals of America, 1916-1928, New York: Benton, vol. 14, 1957, XXX-XLVIII. Bates L., United States,1898-1928, Progressivism and a Society in Transition, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975. (Tradition progressiste et réaction républicaine) Boyer P. et al., The Enduring Vision, A History of the American People, Boston: Heath, 1...

  18. Petrol and gas: an opportunity for the Arab countries?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saleh, Al Tayar; Sarkis, N.; Appert, O.; Boisseau, Ph.; Perrin, F.; Dauger, J.M.; Pochettino, N.; Chevalier, J.M.; Benkhadra, A.; Thevenot, N.

    2006-01-01

    On 17 February 2006 the Institute of the Arab World (IMA) and the Franco-Arab Chamber of Commerce (CCFA) jointly organised a symposium on ''Petrol and Gas, an Opportunity for the Arab countries?''. The preparatory work had been initiated by M. Yves Guena, President of IMA and M. Serge Boidevaix, President of CCFA, with Dr Saleh Al Tayar, the Secretary-General of CCFA. An audience of more than one hundred, made up of experts, professional management, senior company directors and journalists participated. (author)

  19. JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Serge Peraire with regard to exceptional advancement. As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 17 to 31 May 2002. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  20. Determination of a cleaning and decontamination process using solvents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boutot, P.; Schipfer, P.

    1967-03-01

    This work has been carried out on samples of the white cotton serge material of which most of the working overalls of the Nuclear Research Centre are made. The aims are: - to determine,from the decontamination and cleaning points of view, the efficiency of various solvents (white-spirit, trichloroethylene, perchlorethylene and tri-chloro-trifluoroethane) and the role of additives likely to improve the treatment; - to control the textile from the wear and shrinkage points of view; - to try to develop a basic cleaning and decontamination process as a function of the possibilities of each solvent considered. (authors) [fr

  1. Paralelos

    OpenAIRE

    Jesuino, Jorge C.

    2018-01-01

    RESUMO: Propõe-se uma leitura cruzada de dois autores franceses - Serge Moscovici e Pierre Bourdieu - que muito contribuíram para introduzir novos conceitos e novas teorias nas ciências sociais, numa tentativa de identificar possíveis complementaridades que eles próprios, ou mesmo os seus mais diretos continuadores, raramente examinaram. É dado particular relevo aos temas introduzidos pela filosofia e pela sociologia da ciência, sobre os quais ambos tomaram posição em termos potencialmente ma...

  2. Mieux comprendre ce que fait la droite ultra aux Etats-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Guerlain

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Lewis Lapham, Theater of War, In Which the Republic Becomes an Empire, New York, 2002, 2003, The New Press, 278 p., 14.95 $Lewis Lapham, Gag Rule, On the suppression of Dissent and the Stifling of Democracy, New York, The Penguin Press, 2004, 178 p., 19.95 $Serge Halimi, Le Grand bond en arrière, Comment l’ordre libéral s’est imposé au monde, Paris Fayard, 2004, 620 p., 23 euros
Scott Lucas, The Betrayal of Dissent, Beyond Orwell, Hitchens and The New American Century, London, Pluto Press, 20...

  3. Labor Supply of Wives with Husbands Employed Either Full Time or Part Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    Nantcy. Ka ,serg David. ’ New Technology and Naval Forces view, Vol. 30. No. 40. Jul 1977) "’Public Drug Treatmonfl adid Addict Crime." Jun in ihr South...husbands, the costs incidental to the wife’s workinq are money costs -- for suitable babysitters , for example. Evidence for this is the larqer absolute value...The Economics of Labor Force Particiioatlon. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Pr e ss, 1969.7 Cailn, Glen. Mar ried Women in the Labor

  4. The 2012 Nobel Prize in physics and David Wineland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mark, Um; Kihwan, Kim

    2013-01-01

    The 2012 Nobel prize in physics was awarded to David Wineland, together with Serge Haroche. David Wineland received the prize for ground-breaking experimental methods that enabled the measurement and manipulation of individual quantum systems, especially systems with trapped ions. He improved a trapped ion system and opened a new quantum world leading to quantum computation. He also realized optical atomic ion clocks with unprecedented precision through his experimental research. This article briefly reviews the history of trapped ion systems, the development of trapped-ion based quantum computation, and the development of the atomic ion clock, which are closely related to Wineland's achievements. (authors)

  5. Quantum optics and nuclear clocks: a look at the 2012 physics nobel prize

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrera-Sancho, Oscar-Andrey

    2013-01-01

    Pioneering researches in the field of quantum optics are presented. These have laid the foundation for photonics research, that has grasped the particle properties of light to create new technologies and deepen the understanding of the physical laws. The quantum computation and quantum clocks have been highlighted. Individual particles have managed to manipulate without losing its properties in quantum, using photons to immobilize atoms with electric charges (ions) and study their properties. Researches conducted by the French scientist Serge Haroche and American David Wineland nobel prize winners for Physics 2012, have been commented [es

  6. French Senate debate on nuclear deterrence; Dissuasion nucleaire francaise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vincon, S. [UMP Cher (France); Bentegeat, H. [Cema, 75 - Paris (France); Verwaerde, D. [CEA Bruyeres le Chatel, 91 (France); Quinlan, M. [IISS, Londre (United Kingdom); Tertrais, B. [Fondation pour la Recherche Strategique (FRS), 75 - Paris (France)

    2006-07-15

    The Senate committee on foreign affairs, defence and the Armed Forces met at a round table session on 14 June 2006 to discuss French nuclear deterrence. Serge Vincon presided the discussion, which covered three aspects of the subject: first, an analysis of the current and medium-term future strategic contexts and their consequences for the role of deterrence, and thus whether or not current doctrine is matched to current and future threats; second, the assets dedicated to deterrence, how well they reflect doctrine and how they fit in with other defence priorities; and finally an examination of Britain position within NATO along with future possibilities arising from closer European defence cooperation. (author)

  7. Physique quantique

    OpenAIRE

    Haroche, Serge

    2016-01-01

    De l’infiniment petit à l’infiniment grand, couvrant plus de soixante ordres de grandeur de dimension spatiale, la théorie quantique est invoquée, tant pour décrire les vibrations encore largement mystérieuses des cordes microscopiques qui pourraient être les constituants élémentaires de l’Univers, que pour rendre compte des fluctuations du rayonnement micro-onde qui nous parvient des confins du cosmos. Serge Haroche nous présente dans cette leçon la théorie scientifique qui a révolutionné no...

  8. Renyi generalizations of the conditional quantum mutual information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-23

    Physical Review Letters, 100(23):230501, June 2008. [20] Frederic Dupuis , Lea Kramer, Philippe Faist, Joseph M. Renes, and Renato Renner. Pro- ceedings...relative Rényi entropy. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 54(12):122201, December 2013. arXiv:1306.5358. 49 [25] Christopher A. Fuchs and Jeroen van de...Lennert, Frédéric Dupuis , Oleg Szehr, Serge Fehr, and Marco Tomamichel. On quantum Rényi entropies: a new definition and some properties. Journal

  9. Ribbon-cutting ceremony for Building 774

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2015-01-01

    On Friday, 12 June, the brand-new Building 774 on the Prévessin site was officially opened by Rolf Heuer, Director-General of CERN, and Stéphane Donnot, sous-préfet of Gex, together with Serge Moulon, deputy mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, and Aurélie Charillon, mayor of Prévessin-Moëns and a member of the Conseil départemental de l’Ain.     Left to right: Serge Moulon, deputy mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, Stéphane Donnot, sous-préfet of Gex, Rolf Heuer, Director-General of CERN, and Aurélie Charillon, mayor of Prévessin-Moëns and a member of the Conseil départemental de l’Ain.   “Thanks to its innovative architecture, this iconic building is the jewel in the crown of the French site,” said Heuer. Prior to the ceremony, the Director-General had met the politicians to discuss relations between CERN a...

  10. Determination of a cleaning and decontamination process using solvents; Determination d'une methode de nettoyage et de decontamination par solvant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boutot, P; Schipfer, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Chusclan (France). Centre de Production de Plutonium de Marcoule

    1967-03-15

    This work has been carried out on samples of the white cotton serge material of which most of the working overalls of the Nuclear Research Centre are made. The aims are: - to determine,from the decontamination and cleaning points of view, the efficiency of various solvents (white-spirit, trichloroethylene, perchlorethylene and tri-chloro-trifluoroethane) and the role of additives likely to improve the treatment; - to control the textile from the wear and shrinkage points of view; - to try to develop a basic cleaning and decontamination process as a function of the possibilities of each solvent considered. (authors) [French] Cette experimentation pratiquee sur des echantillons de tissu en serge de coton blanc, tissu dans lequel est confectionnee la majorite des tenues de travail du Centre, a pour but: - de determiner, sous l'angle decontamination et nettoyage, l'efficacite de differents solvants (white-spirit, trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene et trichlorotrifluoroethane) ainsi que le role des adjuvants susceptibles d'ameliorer le traitement; - de controler le textile du point de vue usure et retrecissement; - d'essayer de mettre au point un procede de nettoyage et de decontamination type en fonction des possibilites d'emploi de chacun des solvants consideres. (auteurs)

  11. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...

  12. Sixteen silver wires to assemble 350 kg of copper

    CERN Multimedia

    Alizée Dauvergne

    2010-01-01

    Assembly of the first radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) module for the future LINAC4 linear accelerator has just been completed by CERN's Assembly and Forming section (EN) using a technique called vacuum brazing which involves furnace-baking at 800°C and micron precision, leaving absolutely nothing to chance. Serge Mathot (EN/MME) and his team used the vacuum brazing technique to assemble the first RFQ module for the future LINAC4. The future LINAC4 will use four types of accelerating structures, each playing a different role in increasing the energy of the beam. The first of these are the radiofrequency quadrupole modules (RFQ, see box) which accelerate and focus the beam from the start. "The modules are complex items. Each had to be produced in 4 parts, corresponding to the 4 electrodes," explains physicist Serge Mathot, a vacuum brazing specialist in the Engineering (EN) Department. "To work properly, these modules must be aligned to a precision of a few microns. It...

  13. One Nonlinear PID Control to Improve the Control Performance of a Manipulator Actuated by a Pneumatic Muscle Actuator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Zhong

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Braided pneumatic muscle actuator shows highly nonlinear properties between displacements and forces, which are caused by nonlinearity of pneumatic system and nonlinearity of its geometric construction. In this paper, a new model based on Bouc-Wen differential equation is proposed to describe the hysteretic behavior caused by its structure. The hysteretic loop between contractile force and displacement is dissolved into linear component and hysteretic component. Relationship between pressure within muscle actuator and parameters of the proposed model is discussed. A single degree of freedom manipulator actuated by PMA is designed. On the basis of the proposed model, a novel cascade position controller is designed. Single neuron adaptive PID algorithm is adopted to cope with the nonlinearity and model uncertainties of the manipulator. The outer loop of the controller is to handle position tracking problem and the inner loop is to control pressure. The controller is applied to the manipulator and experiments are conducted. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller.

  14. Bifurcations and chaos of a vibration isolation system with magneto-rheological damper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Hailong [Magneto-electronics Lab, School of Physics and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046 (China); Vibration Control Lab, School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210042 (China); Zhang, Ning [Magneto-electronics Lab, School of Physics and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046 (China); Min, Fuhong; Yan, Wei; Wang, Enrong, E-mail: erwang@njnu.edu.cn [Vibration Control Lab, School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210042 (China)

    2016-03-15

    Magneto-rheological (MR) damper possesses inherent hysteretic characteristics. We investigate the resulting nonlinear behaviors of a two degree-of-freedom (2-DoF) MR vibration isolation system under harmonic external excitation. A MR damper is identified by employing the modified Bouc-wen hysteresis model. By numerical simulation, we characterize the nonlinear dynamic evolution of period-doubling, saddle node bifurcating and inverse period-doubling using bifurcation diagrams of variations in frequency with a fixed amplitude of the harmonic excitation. The strength of chaos is determined by the Lyapunov exponent (LE) spectrum. Semi-physical experiment on the 2-DoF MR vibration isolation system is proposed. We trace the time history and phase trajectory under certain values of frequency of the harmonic excitation to verify the nonlinear dynamical evolution of period-doubling bifurcations to chaos. The largest LEs computed with the experimental data are also presented, confirming the chaotic motion in the experiment. We validate the chaotic motion caused by the hysteresis of the MR damper, and show the transitions between distinct regimes of stable motion and chaotic motion of the 2-DoF MR vibration isolation system for variations in frequency of external excitation.

  15. Bifurcations and chaos of a vibration isolation system with magneto-rheological damper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hailong Zhang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Magneto-rheological (MR damper possesses inherent hysteretic characteristics. We investigate the resulting nonlinear behaviors of a two degree-of-freedom (2-DoF MR vibration isolation system under harmonic external excitation. A MR damper is identified by employing the modified Bouc-wen hysteresis model. By numerical simulation, we characterize the nonlinear dynamic evolution of period-doubling, saddle node bifurcating and inverse period-doubling using bifurcation diagrams of variations in frequency with a fixed amplitude of the harmonic excitation. The strength of chaos is determined by the Lyapunov exponent (LE spectrum. Semi-physical experiment on the 2-DoF MR vibration isolation system is proposed. We trace the time history and phase trajectory under certain values of frequency of the harmonic excitation to verify the nonlinear dynamical evolution of period-doubling bifurcations to chaos. The largest LEs computed with the experimental data are also presented, confirming the chaotic motion in the experiment. We validate the chaotic motion caused by the hysteresis of the MR damper, and show the transitions between distinct regimes of stable motion and chaotic motion of the 2-DoF MR vibration isolation system for variations in frequency of external excitation.

  16. Semi-active H∞ control of high-speed railway vehicle suspension with magnetorheological dampers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zong, Lu-Hang; Gong, Xing-Long; Xuan, Shou-Hu; Guo, Chao-Yang

    2013-05-01

    In this paper, semi-active H∞ control with magnetorheological (MR) dampers for railway vehicle suspension systems to improve the lateral ride quality is investigated. The proposed semi-active controller is composed of a H∞ controller as the system controller and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) inverse MR damper model as the damper controller. First, a 17-degree-of-freedom model for a full-scale railway vehicle is developed and the random track irregularities are modelled. Then a modified Bouc-Wen model is built to characterise the forward dynamic characteristics of the MR damper and an inverse MR damper model is built with the ANFIS technique. Furthermore, a H∞ controller composed of a yaw motion controller and a rolling pendulum motion (lateral motion+roll motion) controller is established. By integrating the H∞ controller with the ANFIS inverse model, a semi-active H∞ controller for the railway vehicle is finally proposed. Simulation results indicate that the proposed semi-active suspension system possesses better attenuation ability for the vibrations of the car body than the passive suspension system.

  17. Elliptical Leaf Spring Shock and Vibration Mounts with Enhanced Damping and Energy Dissipation Capabilities Using Lead Spring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moussa Leblouba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an enhancement to the existing elliptical leaf spring (ELS for improved damping and energy dissipation capabilities. The ELS consists of a high tensile stainless steel elliptical leaf spring with polymer or rubber compound. This device is conceived as a shock and vibration isolator for equipment and lightweight structures. The enhancement to the ELS consists of a lead spring plugged vertically between the leaves (referred to as lead-rubber elliptical leaf spring (LRELS. The lead is shown to produce hysteretic damping under plastic deformations. The LRELS isolator is shown to exhibit nonlinear hysteretic behavior. In both horizontal directions, the LRELS showed symmetrical rate independent behavior but undergoes stiffening behavior under large displacements. However, in the vertical direction, the LRELS behavior is asymmetric, exhibiting softening behavior in compression and stiffening behavior in tension. Mathematical models based on the Bouc-Wen model, describing the hysteretic behavior of the proposed isolator, are developed and numerically calibrated using a series of finite element analyses. The LRELS is found to be effective in the in-plane and vertical directions. The improved damping and energy dissipation of the LRELS is provided from the hysteretic damping of the lead spring.

  18. Mixed Skyhook and FxLMS Control of a Half-Car Model with Magnetorheological Dampers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Krauze

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of vibration attenuation in a semiactive vehicle suspension is considered. The proposed solution is based on usage of the information about the road roughness coming from the sensor installed on the front axle of the vehicle. It does not need any preview sensor to measure the road roughness as other preview control strategies do. Here, the well-known Skyhook algorithm is used for control of the front magnetorheological (MR damper. This algorithm is tuned to a quarter-car model of the front part of the vehicle. The rear MR damper is controlled by the FxLMS (Filtered-x LMS taking advantage of the information about the motion of the front vehicle axle. The goal of this algorithm is to minimize pitch of the vehicle body. The strategy is applied for a four-degree-of-freedom (4-DOF vehicle model equipped with magnetorheological dampers which were described using the Bouc-Wen model. The suspension model was subjected to the road-induced excitation in the form of a series of bumps within the frequency range 1.0–10 Hz. Different solutions are compared based on the transmissibility function and simulation results show the usefulness of the proposed solution.

  19. An iterated cubature unscented Kalman filter for large-DoF systems identification with noisy data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorbani, Esmaeil; Cha, Young-Jin

    2018-04-01

    Structural and mechanical system identification under dynamic loading has been an important research topic over the last three or four decades. Many Kalman-filtering-based approaches have been developed for linear and nonlinear systems. For example, to predict nonlinear systems, an unscented Kalman filter was applied. However, from extensive literature reviews, the unscented Kalman filter still showed weak performance on systems with large degrees of freedom. In this research, a modified unscented Kalman filter is proposed by integration of a cubature Kalman filter to improve the system identification performance of systems with large degrees of freedom. The novelty of this work lies on conjugating the unscented transform with the cubature integration concept to find a more accurate output from the transformation of the state vector and its related covariance matrix. To evaluate the proposed method, three different numerical models (i.e., the single degree-of-freedom Bouc-Wen model, the linear 3-degrees-of-freedom system, and the 10-degrees-of-freedom system) are investigated. To evaluate the robustness of the proposed method, high levels of noise in the measured response data are considered. The results show that the proposed method is significantly superior to the traditional UKF for noisy measured data in systems with large degrees of freedom.

  20. Base Isolation for Seismic Retrofitting of a Multiple Building Structure: Design, Construction, and Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Ferraioli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the seismic retrofit of a multiple building structure belonging to the Hospital Centre of Avellino (Italy. At first, the paper presents the preliminary investigations, the in situ measurements and laboratory tests, and the seismic assessment of the existing fixed-base structures. Having studied different strategies, base isolation proved to be the more appropriate, also for the possibility offered by the geometry of the building to easily create an isolation interface at the ground level. The paper presents the design project, the construction process, and the details of the isolation intervention. Some specific issues of base isolation for seismic retrofitting of multiple building structures were lightened. Finally, the seismic assessment of the base-isolated building was carried out. The seismic response was evaluated through nonlinear time-history analysis, using the well-known Bouc-Wen model as the constitutive law of the isolation bearings. For reliable dynamic analyses, a suite of natural accelerograms compatible with acceleration spectra of Italian Code was first selected and then applied along both horizontal directions. The results were finally used to address some of the critical issues of the seismic response of the base-isolated multiple building structure: accidental torsional effects and potential poundings during strong earthquakes.

  1. Numerical assessment of the influence of different joint hysteretic models over the seismic behaviour of Moment Resisting Steel Frames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, V.; Chisari, C.; Rizzano, G.; Latour, M.

    2017-10-01

    The main aim of this work is to understand how the prediction of the seismic performance of moment-resisting (MR) steel frames depends on the modelling of their dissipative zones when the structure geometry (number of stories and bays) and seismic excitation source vary. In particular, a parametric analysis involving 4 frames was carried out, and, for each one, the full-strength beam-to-column connections were modelled according to 4 numerical approaches with different degrees of sophistication (Smooth Hysteretic Model, Bouc-Wen, Hysteretic and simple Elastic-Plastic models). Subsequently, Incremental Dynamic Analyses (IDA) were performed by considering two different earthquakes (Spitak and Kobe). The preliminary results collected so far pointed out that the influence of the joint modelling on the overall frame response is negligible up to interstorey drift ratio values equal to those conservatively assumed by the codes to define conventional collapse (0.03 rad). Conversely, if more realistic ultimate interstorey drift values are considered for the q-factor evaluation, the influence of joint modelling can be significant, and thus may require accurate modelling of its cyclic behavior.

  2. Experimental Investigations on the Dynamic Behaviour of O-Type Wire-Cable Vibration Isolators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Xia Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A series of periodic loading experiments were carried out on the O-type wire-cable vibration isolators. The isolators were loaded under shear, roll, and tension-compression loadings. When subjected to shear and roll loads, the restoring force-deformation curves generated by the isolators formed symmetric hysteresis loops. However, when the isolators were loaded with tension-compression loads, the isolator produced asymmetric hysteresis loops. It is found through the experiment that the dynamic characteristics of the isolator are determined by the loading amplitude as well as the geometric parameters of the isolator while they are almost independent of loading frequency within the testing frequency range. Based on the experimental data, the dynamic response of the isolator was modeled by a modified normalized Bouc-Wen model. The parameters of this model were identified through an identification procedure that does not involve any nonlinear iterative algorithms. Comparison between the identification results and the experimental data suggests that the identification method is effective. With the model and the identified parameters, the frequency response of an O-type wire-cable vibration isolator-mass system was evaluated. Typical nonlinear response behaviors were found when the isolator was used in tension-compression mode while the response appears to be similar to that of a linear system when the isolator was used in shear and roll mode.

  3. Workplace Safety: you've answered the right questions!

    CERN Multimedia

    The Safety Unit (BE Department)

    2011-01-01

    The World Day for Safety and Health at Work was a great success. A big thank you to everyone who took part and took the time to ask themselves the "right questions".   A large number of questionnaires were completed and we were happy to note that many among you had taken the opportunity to give serious thought to your own health and safety on a daily basis. In a few days' time, information on the hazards most frequently identified over the course of that day – and the methods of coping with them – will be posted on the BE Safety Unit's website. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us. The 15 winners of the tombola are: 1st prize (a FNAC gift voucher) Jean-Benoit Fouillat 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th prizes (a bottle of champagne): Maud Scheubel Pierre Juteau Sebastien Ceuterickx Joao Simoes From 6th to 15th prize (a box of chocolates): Antonio Mongelluzzo Francesco Castronuovo Christophe Boucly Marta Csatari Jacky Tonoli Remy Noulib...

  4. Decentralized identification of nonlinear structure under strong ground motion using the extended Kalman filter and unscented Kalman filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Dongwang; Li, Hui; Ma, Qiang

    2016-04-01

    Complete structure identification of complicate nonlinear system using extend Kalman filter (EKF) or unscented Kalman filter (UKF) may have the problems of divergence, huge computation and low estimation precision due to the large dimension of the extended state space for the system. In this article, a decentralized identification method of hysteretic system based on the joint EKF and UKF is proposed. The complete structure is divided into linear substructures and nonlinear substructures. The substructures are identified from the top to the bottom. For the linear substructure, EKF is used to identify the extended space including the displacements, velocities, stiffness and damping coefficients of the substructures, using the limited absolute accelerations and the identified interface force above the substructure. Similarly, for the nonlinear substructure, UKF is used to identify the extended space including the displacements, velocities, stiffness, damping coefficients and control parameters for the hysteretic Bouc-Wen model and the force at the interface of substructures. Finally a 10-story shear-type structure with multiple inter-story hysteresis is used for numerical simulation and is identified using the decentralized approach, and the identified results are compared with those using only EKF or UKF for the complete structure identification. The results show that the decentralized approach has the advantage of more stability, relative less computation and higher estimation precision.

  5. Dynamic modeling and adaptive vibration suppression of a high-speed macro-micro manipulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yi-ling; Wei, Yan-ding; Lou, Jun-qiang; Fu, Lei; Fang, Sheng; Chen, Te-huan

    2018-05-01

    This paper presents a dynamic modeling and microscopic vibration suppression for a flexible macro-micro manipulator dedicated to high-speed operation. The manipulator system mainly consists of a macro motion stage and a flexible micromanipulator bonded with one macro-fiber-composite actuator. Based on Hamilton's principle and the Bouc-Wen hysteresis equation, the nonlinear dynamic model is obtained. Then, a hybrid control scheme is proposed to simultaneously suppress the elastic vibration during and after the motor motion. In particular, the hybrid control strategy is composed of a trajectory planning approach and an adaptive variable structure control. Moreover, two optimization indices regarding the comprehensive torques and synthesized vibrations are designed, and the optimal trajectories are acquired using a genetic algorithm. Furthermore, a nonlinear fuzzy regulator is used to adjust the switching gain in the variable structure control. Thus, a fuzzy variable structure control with nonlinear adaptive control law is achieved. A series of experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the established system model and hybrid control strategy. The excited vibration during the motor motion and the residual vibration after the motor motion are decreased. Meanwhile, the settling time is shortened. Both the manipulation stability and operation efficiency of the manipulator are improved by the proposed hybrid strategy.

  6. Os curiosos xenoimplantes glandulares do doutor Voronoff

    OpenAIRE

    Cuperschmid,Ethel Mizrahy; Campos,Tarcisio Passos Ribeiro de

    2007-01-01

    O presente artigo trata da visita do médico Serge Voronoff ao Brasil durante as Jornadas Médicas de 1928 e a subseqüente demonstração de sua técnica de xenotransplante diante da classe médica. Recorreu-se a jornais da época para ilustrar a natureza do imaginário popular em torno da cirurgia controversa e de seus pretensos milagres para a preservação da saúde e a manutenção da vida. A iniciativa de Voronoff abriu espaço para que outros profissionais da medicina relatassem sua prática cirúrgica...

  7. Dr. Voronoff's curious glandular xeno-implants

    OpenAIRE

    Cuperschmid, Ethel Mizrahy; Campos, Tarcisio Passos Ribeiro de

    2007-01-01

    O presente artigo trata da visita do médico Serge Voronoff ao Brasil durante as Jornadas Médicas de 1928 e a subseqüente demonstração de sua técnica de xenotransplante diante da classe médica. Recorreu-se a jornais da época para ilustrar a natureza do imaginário popular em torno da cirurgia controversa e de seus pretensos milagres para a preservação da saúde e a manutenção da vida. A iniciativa de Voronoff abriu espaço para que outros profissionais da medicina relatassem sua prática cirúrgica...

  8. Hyperbolicity of projective hypersurfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Diverio, Simone

    2016-01-01

    This book presents recent advances on Kobayashi hyperbolicity in complex geometry, especially in connection with projective hypersurfaces. This is a very active field, not least because of the fascinating relations with complex algebraic and arithmetic geometry. Foundational works of Serge Lang and Paul A. Vojta, among others, resulted in precise conjectures regarding the interplay of these research fields (e.g. existence of Zariski dense entire curves should correspond to the (potential) density of rational points). Perhaps one of the conjectures which generated most activity in Kobayashi hyperbolicity theory is the one formed by Kobayashi himself in 1970 which predicts that a very general projective hypersurface of degree large enough does not contain any (non-constant) entire curves. Since the seminal work of Green and Griffiths in 1979, later refined by J.-P. Demailly, J. Noguchi, Y.-T. Siu and others, it became clear that a possible general strategy to attack this problem was to look at particular algebr...

  9. Monotonic childhoods: representations of otherness in research writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Marcos Bussoletti

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a doctoral thesis entitled “Monotonic childhoods – a rhapsody of hope”. It follows the perspective of a critical psychosocial and cultural study, and aims at discussing the other’s representation in research writing, electing childhood as an allegorical and refl ective place. It takes into consideration, by means of analysis, the drawings and poems of children from the Terezin ghetto during the Second World War. The work is mostly based on Serge Moscovici’s Social Representation Theory, but it is also in constant dialogue with other theories and knowledge fi elds, especially Walter Benjamin’s and Mikhail Bakhtin’s contributions. At the end, the paper supports the thesis that conceives poetics as one of the translation axes of childhood cultures.

  10. Biogas for heat, power and motor fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagel, C.; Kilchmann, A.

    2009-01-01

    In this interview with Dr. Serge Biollaz, his work at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland concerning the use of dry biomass as a source of energy for the generation of electrical energy or synthetic natural gas (SNG) is reviewed. In the interview, the following topics are discussed: Work in an International Energy Agency (IEA) bioenergy task, the work being done at the PSI, work also being done by colleagues in the wet biomass area, the gasification of biomass, gas purification, effects on catalytic converters and other critical effects encountered. The possibility of building SNG plants in Switzerland is discussed, as are the costs involved. SNG generation as an alternative to using wood in the form of wood pellets is discussed. Figures are also presented on the theoretical and usable amounts of energy available in biomass in Switzerland. The considerable - but still unused - potential available is commented on

  11. LHC installation planning

    CERN Document Server

    Weisz, S

    2005-01-01

    installation of the general services, the installation of the cryogenic line (QRL), the installation of the machine elements and the hardware commissioning. While the installation of the general services is now almost finished (see presentation by Katy Foraz and Serge Grillot), several problems and delays with the QRL made it unavoidable to revise the installation strategy and to schedule a number tasks in parallel. A new compressed installation planning has been issued, that fulfils the strategic objectives and allows starting new activities with minimal delays in sectors 7-8 and 8-1. However, the shortcuts that are introduced increase the level of risk that we will have to face and the coordination of such a large and complex variety of simultaneous activities makes the project even more challenging. The document will describe how the input from the different equipment groups is taken into account by the master schedule planning team with respect to equipment availability and production as well as logistics...

  12. 17th Poincaré Seminar 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Duplantier, Bertrand; Raimond, Jean-Michel; Rivasseau, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    This fourteenth volume in the Poincaré Seminar Series is devoted to Niels Bohr, his foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory and their continuing importance today. This book contains the following chapters: - Tomas Bohr, Keeping Things Open; - Olivier Darrigol, Bohr's Trilogy of 1913; -John Heilbron, The Mind that Created the Bohr Atom; - Serge Haroche & Jean-Michel Raimond, Bohr's Legacy in Cavity QED; - Alain Aspect, From Einstein, Bohr, Schrödinger to Bell and Feynman: a New Quantum Revolution?; - Antoine Browaeys, Interacting Cold Rydberg Atoms: A Toy Many-Body System; - Michel Bitbol & Stefano Osnaghi, Bohr´s Complementarity and Kant´s Epistemology. Dating from their origin in lectures to a broad scientific audience these seven chapters are of high educational value. This volume is of general interest to physicists, mathematicians and historians.

  13. STS-93 Mission Specialist Tognini talks with Goldin, Ratie, and Plattard

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    At the Shuttle Landing Facility (from left to right), STS-93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France, representing the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), and NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin talk with Jacques Ratie, Astronaut Director, CNES, and Serge Plattard, International Relations, CNES. Landing occurred on runway 33 with main gear touchdown at 11:20:35 p.m. EDT on July 27. The mission's primary objective was to deploy the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. This was the 95th flight in the Space Shuttle program and the 26th for Columbia. The landing was the 19th consecutive Shuttle landing in Florida and the 12th night landing in Shuttle program history. On this mission, Eileen Collins became the first woman to serve as a Shuttle commander.

  14. CERN’s Drinking Water

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

      CERN’s drinking water is monitored, with regular samples being taken and analysed by a certified independent laboratory, which checks on compliance with national and European regulations for safe drinking water. Nevertheless, the drinking water network is very old and occasionally, especially after work has been carried out on the network, the clarity and colour of the water can be adversely affected due to high levels of corrosion in suspension. Some basic recommendations should always be followed:   Never use hot water from the tap for drinking or cooking. If you need hot water, then draw water from the cold water tap before heating it. Only drink or cook with cold water. Let the cold water run until you notice that the water has become clear.   If you have questions about the quality of CERN’s drinking water, then please contact: Jerome Espuche (GS/SEM), Serge Deleval (EN/CV) or Jonathan Gulley (DG/SCG).

  15. CERN’s Drinking Water

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

      CERN’s drinking water is monitored, with regular samples being taken and analysed by a certified independent laboratory, which checks on compliance with national and European regulations for safe drinking water. Nevertheless, the drinking water network is very old and occasionally, especially after work has been carried out on the network, the clarity and colour of the water can be adversely affected due to high levels of corrosion in suspension. Some basic recommendations should always be followed: Never use hot water from the tap for drinking or cooking. If you need hot water, then draw water from the cold water tap before heating it. Only drink or cook with cold water. Let the cold water run until you notice that the water has become clear. If you have questions about the quality of CERN’s drinking water, then please contact: Jerome Espuche (GS/SEM), Serge Deleval (EN/CV) or Jonathan Gulley (DG/SCG).

  16. CERN’s Drinking Water

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    CERN’s drinking water is monitored on a regular basis. A certified independent laboratory takes and analyses samples to verify that the water complies with national and European regulations for safe drinking water. Nevertheless, the system that supplies our drinking water is very old and occasionally, especially after work has been carried out on the system, the water may become cloudy or discoloured, due to traces of corrosion. For this reason, we recommend: Never use hot water from the tap for drinking or cooking. If you need hot water, then draw water from the cold water tap and heat it. Only drink or cook with cold water. Let the cold water run until it is clear before drinking or making your tea or coffee. If you have any questions about the quality of CERN’s drinking water, please contact: Jerome Espuche (GS/SEM), Serge Deleval (EN/CV) or Jonathan Gulley (DG/SCG).

  17. Technical training: Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design' and 'Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE' course sessions, May-June 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2006-01-01

    The next session of the course 'Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design'given in English by Doulos Ltd (UK) will take place at CERN from May 29 through June 2nd (5 days), for a maximum of 14 participants. It will be preceded by an optional, refresher session of the two-day course 'Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE', given on 23-24 May, in French, by Serge Brobecker of IT/DES. For more information, please visit the Technical Training CTA website, http://cta.cern.ch/cta2/f?p=300, to consult the detailed course descriptions and to apply via EDH. Organiser: Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Davide.Vite@cern.ch ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  18. CERN Technical Training 2006: 'Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design' and 'Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE' course sessions, May-June 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Learning for the LHC! The next session of the course 'Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design' given in English by Doulos Ltd (UK) will take place at CERN from May 29 through June 2nd (5 days), for a maximum of 14 participants. It will be preceded by an optional, refresher session of the two-day course 'Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE', given on 23-24 May, in French, by Serge Brobecker of IT/DES. For more information, please visit the Technical Training CTA website, http://cta.cern.ch/cta2/f?p=300, to consult the detailed course descriptions and to apply via EDH. Organiser: Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Davide.Vite@cern.ch ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  19. To make the economy of nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tinturier, B.; Barre, B.; Le Bars, Y.; Catz, H.; Perez, S.; Laponche, B.; Charpin, J.M.; Dessus, B.; Pellat, R.; Lipietz, A.

    2000-01-01

    This issue treats the report to the Prime minister about the prospective economical study of the nuclear electric path, study made by Jean-Michel Charpin, Benjamin Dessus and Rene Pellat. Synthesis, comments and criticisms are the essential of this issue. The different parts hand over to the President of Electricite de France, Bernard Tinturier, to the Director of the Research and development of COGEMA, Bertrand Barre (he speaks for oneself), to the President of ANDRA (national agency for the radioactive waste management), Yves Le Bars, to a Cea salaried employee administrator who has been elected on a list sponsored by the C.F.D.T., Henri Catz, to a Cea researcher, national responsible of the National Federation Energy Mines (C.G.T.), Serge Perez. (N.C.)

  20. And now, for the winners.

    CERN Multimedia

    Alizée Dauvergne

    2010-01-01

    The Computer Security Day held on 10 June was a success. There were eight presentations, with some forty people attending each session.     The presentation videos can be viewed on Indico. The computer security team’s new website is now up and running, with a wealth of useful information and advice. Go to http://cern.ch/Computer.Security.     The quiz attracted 130 participants, and the answers have now been posted on line! The quiz winners are: Lars Aprin, Richard Baud, Thibaut Bernard, Brice Copy, Daniele de Ruschi, Sébastien Gadrat, Amanda Garcia Munoz, Stephen Gowdy, Joni Hahkala, Joseph Izen, Ryszard Erazm Jurga, Jukka Klem, Danila Oleynik, Ian Pong, Pascal Serge Roguet, Jani Tapani Taskinen, Jan Therhaag, Yves Thurel, Adrian Vogel, Thomas White. Well done to all! If you haven’t done so already, you should soon be getting your prize (i.e. a book, a T-shirt or a bag, etc.).  

  1. The coordination office at SIREME 2008 exhibition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grotz, Claudia; Cassin, Fabrice; Evrard, Aurelien; Froeding, Veronique; Galaup, Serge; Kaelble, Laure; Persem, Melanie; Regnier, Yannick; )

    2008-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised several presentations at the occasion of the SIREME International exhibition of renewable energies and energy management. This document brings together these presentations (slides) dealing with: 1 - The new German Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) and its impact on wind energy (Claudia Grotz); 2 - Consequences of the July 10, 2006 wind energy tariff bylaw cancelling (Fabrice Cassin); 3 - Wind energy trajectory in France and Germany: a political perspective (Aurelien Evrard); 4 - The wind energy development areas (Veronique Froeding); 5 - A commitment at the heart of our business: renewable energy sources (Serge Galaup); 6 - The wind energy coordination office (Laure Kaelble); 7 - New challenges of the German wind energy market (Melanie Persem); 8 - An industry - a qualification standard (Yannick Regnier)

  2. From university research to commercial product (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathuis, Philip

    2016-03-01

    Ovizio Imaging Systems, a quantitative microscopic imaging spin-off of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, was founded in the beginning of 2010 by Philip Mathuis, Serge Jooris, Prof. Frank Dubois and Dr. Catherine Yourassowky. The company has launched a range of specialized microscopy instruments for quantitative imaging mainly focused on the bioprocessing and diagnostics fields within the life sciences market. During my talk I will present the story of how an idea, emerged from the research labs of the University made it to a manufactured and sold product. The talk will look at many aspects of entrepreneurship and setting up a company, finding the funding for the project, attracting people, industrialization and product design and commercialization. It will also be focused on choices one has to make during the start-up phase and methodologies that can be applied in many different settings.

  3. Shock formation in small-data solutions to 3D quasilinear wave equations

    CERN Document Server

    Speck, Jared

    2016-01-01

    In 1848 James Challis showed that smooth solutions to the compressible Euler equations can become multivalued, thus signifying the onset of a shock singularity. Today it is known that, for many hyperbolic systems, such singularities often develop. However, most shock-formation results have been proved only in one spatial dimension. Serge Alinhac's groundbreaking work on wave equations in the late 1990s was the first to treat more than one spatial dimension. In 2007, for the compressible Euler equations in vorticity-free regions, Demetrios Christodoulou remarkably sharpened Alinhac's results and gave a complete description of shock formation. In this monograph, Christodoulou's framework is extended to two classes of wave equations in three spatial dimensions. It is shown that if the nonlinear terms fail to satisfy the null condition, then for small data, shocks are the only possible singularities that can develop. Moreover, the author exhibits an open set of small data whose solutions form a shock, and he prov...

  4. Os curiosos xenoimplantes glandulares do doutor Voronoff Dr. Voronoff's curious glandular xeno-implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethel Mizrahy Cuperschmid

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata da visita do médico Serge Voronoff ao Brasil durante as Jornadas Médicas de 1928 e a subseqüente demonstração de sua técnica de xenotransplante diante da classe médica. Recorreu-se a jornais da época para ilustrar a natureza do imaginário popular em torno da cirurgia controversa e de seus pretensos milagres para a preservação da saúde e a manutenção da vida. A iniciativa de Voronoff abriu espaço para que outros profissionais da medicina relatassem sua prática cirúrgica de xenotransplante e também levou à popularização do tema, como o demonstram marchinhas de carnaval e comentários picantes da imprensa, por exemplo. Uma análise baseada em parâmetros científicos atuais é apresentada com a sugestão do possível envolvimento dos xenotransplantes na epidemiologia do HIV.Dr. Serge Voronoff visited Brazil during the Jornadas Médicas of 1928, where he demonstrated his xenotransplantation technique to the local medical community. The present article uses newspaper clippings from that time to illustrate how this controversial surgery and Voronoff's alleged miraculous preservation of good health and longevity was viewed in the popular imagination. Voronoff's initiative paved the way for other health professionals to report on their surgical experiences with xenotransplantation and also popularized the topic, which became the subject of Carnival songs and sardonic jokes in the press. An analysis is offered, based on current scientific parameters, along with a suggestion concerning the possible involvement of xenotransplantation in HIV epidemiology.

  5. Representación social del trabajo en jóvenes que culminan sus estudios de bachillerato en el distrito de Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Diazgranados Rinconez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación que tuvo como objetivo identificar las representaciones sociales sobre el trabajo en jóvenes que están culminando sus estudios de educación media en el distrito de Santa Marta, Colombia, desde los postulados de Serge Moscovici. Este estudio de tipo descriptivo transversal reclutó 377 estudiantes de sexo femenino y masculino con edades entre los 15 y 20 años. La recolección de la información se efectuó con el Cuestionario de Representación Social sobre el trabajo para jóvenes (CRST-J validado por jueces expertos y un alpha de 0,888. Para el análisis de los resultados se utilizaron pruebas estadísticas. Las representaciones sociales del trabajo están caracterizadas por un concepto social con preferencia expresiva o intrínseca. Abstract This paper shows the results of an investigation aimed to identify the social representations about the job of young people who are finishing their secondary education in the District of Santa Marta, Colombia; from the postulates of Serge Moscovici. This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 377 female and male students between 15 and 20 years old. The collection of information was performed with the Social Representation Questionnaire on Youth Work (CRST-J validated by expert judges and with an alpha of 0.888. For analysis of the results statistical tests were used. Social representations of work are characterized by a social concept with expressive or intrinsic preference.

  6. Inert gas investigations of the Apollo 15 and 17 landing sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jordan, J.L.

    1975-01-01

    The inert gas contents in size fractions of the following fines from the Apollo 15 site: 15071, 15501, 15511, 15421, and 15080 has been determined. In addition, the same for size fractions of fines 79221, 79241, and 79261 from depths of 0 to 2 cm, 2 to 7 cm, and 7 to 17 cm in a trench near Van Serg Crater at the Apollo 17 site was determined. The very low gas contents and lack of anticorrelation with grain diameter of 15421 suggests that these fines are undersaturated with respect to solar wind irradiation. The decrease in slope of the curves for gas concentration vs grain diameter of 15071 for successively heavier gases is interpreted to be the effects of the Rosiwal principle + comminution + agglutinate formation. Evidence for heavily irradiated (with respect to cosmic rays) zones deep within or beneath the regolith exists at both Apollo 15 and 17 landing sites. This may in part explain the ''missing'' cosmic ray record. Scatter between ''young'' and ''old'' age limits in 40 Ar vs 36 Ar plots exists for 15511, and the 3 trench fines from the Apollo 17 landing site. In the case of 15511 the observed ratios suggest that these may be the result of large impacts on the Apennine Front contributing material to the site where 15511 was collected. The observed 40 Ar/ 36 Ar ratios in the trench fines may be the result of excavation of materials with high 40 Ar/ 36 Ar ratios during the Van Serg event. The low apparent 40 K-- 40 Ar ages of the Apollo 15 fines are interpreted to be the result of addition of young 40 K-- 40 Ar age material (less than 1.8 by) from Autolycus and Aristillus, two large craters north of the site, to the older (3.3 by) mare materials

  7. Hysteresis-induced bifurcation and chaos in a magneto-rheological suspension system under external excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hailong, Zhang; Enrong, Wang; Fuhong, Min; Ning, Zhang

    2016-03-01

    The magneto-rheological damper (MRD) is a promising device used in vehicle semi-active suspension systems, for its continuous adjustable damping output. However, the innate nonlinear hysteresis characteristic of MRD may cause the nonlinear behaviors. In this work, a two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) MR suspension system was established first, by employing the modified Bouc-Wen force-velocity (F-v) hysteretic model. The nonlinear dynamic response of the system was investigated under the external excitation of single-frequency harmonic and bandwidth-limited stochastic road surface. The largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE) was used to detect the chaotic area of the frequency and amplitude of harmonic excitation, and the bifurcation diagrams, time histories, phase portraits, and power spectrum density (PSD) diagrams were used to reveal the dynamic evolution process in detail. Moreover, the LLE and Kolmogorov entropy (K entropy) were used to identify whether the system response was random or chaotic under stochastic road surface. The results demonstrated that the complex dynamical behaviors occur under different external excitation conditions. The oscillating mechanism of alternating periodic oscillations, quasi-periodic oscillations, and chaotic oscillations was observed in detail. The chaotic regions revealed that chaotic motions may appear in conditions of mid-low frequency and large amplitude, as well as small amplitude and all frequency. The obtained parameter regions where the chaotic motions may appear are useful for design of structural parameters of the vibration isolation, and the optimization of control strategy for MR suspension system. Projects supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51475246, 51277098, and 51075215), the Research Innovation Program for College Graduates of Jiangsu Province China (Grant No. KYLX15 0725), and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (Grant No. BK20131402).

  8. EL CASTIGO FÍSICO: EL CUERPO COMO REPRESENTACIÓN DE LA PERSONA, UN CAPÍTULO EN LA HISTORIA DELA OCCIDENTALIZACIÓN DE AMÉRICA, SIGLOS XVI-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEJANDRA ARAYA ESPINOZA

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se centra en dos procesos paulatinos, no necesariamente consecutivos cronológicamente, pero indispensablemente ligados entre sí: la condena del castigo físico como pena judicial y la privatización de la mortificación del cuerpo, o el paso de la coacción externa a la autocoacción. Ambos tópicos permiten entender la modernidad como proceso de privatización del cuerpo desde los gestos de "ennoblecimiento del cuerpo" y de "compasión por el cuerpo". Se revisan aspectos del debate sobre el castigo físico -como elemento significativo del proceso de occidentalización de América-, desde los discursos en la documentación judicial, en los textos jurídicos referidos a las penas aflictivas en el sistema colonial penal y el debate sobre la mortificación corporal en el ámbito religioso. Teórica y metodológicamente se trabaja desde la historia de las mentalidades y del cuerpo usando las propuestas teóricas de David Le Breton, Mary Douglas, Norbert Elias, René Girard y Serge GruzinskiThis work centres on two gradual processes that in spite of not being chronologically consecutive are necessarily joined: the penalty of the physical punishment like a judicial sentence and the privatization of the mortification of the body, or the step of the external constraint to the auto-constraint. Both topics allow to understand the modernity as process of privatization of the body from the gestures of "ennoblement of the body" and of "pity for the body ". For this purpose, we will check the debates on the physical punishment as significant element of the process of "occidentalización" of America, from the judicial speeches referred to distressing sentences in the colonial penal system and the debate on the corporal mortification in the religious area. The theoretical and methodological line centres on the history of the mentalities and of the body following the offers of David Le Breton, Mary Douglas, Norbert Elias, René Girard and Serge

  9. In silico panning for a non-competitive peptide inhibitor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikebukuro Kazunori

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Peptide ligands have tremendous therapeutic potential as efficacious drugs. Currently, more than 40 peptides are available in the market for a drug. However, since costly and time-consuming synthesis procedures represent a problem for high-throughput screening, novel procedures to reduce the time and labor involved in screening peptide ligands are required. We propose the novel approach of 'in silico panning' which consists of a two-stage screening, involving affinity selection by docking simulation and evolution of the peptide ligand using genetic algorithms (GAs. In silico panning was successfully applied to the selection of peptide inhibitor for water-soluble quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (PQQGDH. Results The evolution of peptide ligands for a target enzyme was achieved by combining a docking simulation with evolution of the peptide ligand using genetic algorithms (GAs, which mimic Darwinian evolution. Designation of the target area as next to the substrate-binding site of the enzyme in the docking simulation enabled the selection of a non-competitive inhibitor. In all, four rounds of selection were carried out on the computer; the distribution of the docking energy decreased gradually for each generation and improvements in the docking energy were observed over the four rounds of selection. One of the top three selected peptides with the lowest docking energy, 'SERG' showed an inhibitory effect with Ki value of 20 μM. PQQGDH activity, in terms of the Vmax value, was 3-fold lower than that of the wild-type enzyme in the presence of this peptide. The mechanism of the SERG blockage of the enzyme was identified as non-competitive inhibition. We confirmed the specific binding of the peptide, and its equilibrium dissociation constant (KD value was calculated as 60 μM by surface plasmon resonance (SPR analysis. Conclusion We demonstrate an effective methodology of in silico panning for the selection of a non

  10. Teoria das representações sociais e ciências sociais: trânsito e atravessamentos Theory of social representations and social sciences: transit and crossings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Arruda

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto pretende assinalar a relação da teoria psicossocial das representações sociais de Serge Moscovici com as ciências sociais, a partir da sua caracterização como uma abordagem de interpenetração da Psicologia com a Sociologia. Primeiramente fará uma breve análise sobre o trânsito entre Psicologia-Psicologia Social e Ciências Sociais, como um dos elementos de explicação para o entrecruzamento da Teoria das Representações Sociais (TRS com as ciências sociais. Em seguida pontuará como este entrecruzamento se coloca na abordagem moscoviciana, e como a TRS não escapa a ele. O argumento da autora é de que a base da relação entre essas áreas e a TRS está na concepção do social, presente no pensamento moscoviciano, o qual, ao mesmo tempo, não negligencia o quanto os aspectos psicológicos participam dos fatos sociais. O texto se encerra com alguns exemplos de pesquisa para ilustrar esta posição.This text intends to pinpoint the relationship between the psychosocial theory of social representations by Serge Moscovici and the social sciences, based on the characterization of this theory as an interpenetrative approach between psychology and sociology. Firstly, the transit between psychology-social psychology and sociology will be briefly presented as one of the elements that explain the intertwining of the Theory of Social Representations (TSR and social sciences. Next, it will be indicated how this intertwining is present in Moscovici's approach and how the TSR cannot escape it. The author's argument is that the relationship between these two fields is based on the conception of the social in Moscovici's thought, which does not neglect the importance of psychological aspects for social facts as well. The text concludes with some examples of research works that illustrate this point of view.

  11. Physical activity and self-esteem: testing direct and indirect relationships associated with psychological and physical mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamani Sani SH

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Seyed Hojjat Zamani Sani,1 Zahra Fathirezaie,1 Serge Brand,2 Uwe Pühse,3 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,2 Markus Gerber,3 Siavash Talepasand4 1Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; 2Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS, 3Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 4Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran Abstract: In the present study, we investigated the relationship between physical activity (PA and self-esteem (SE, while introducing body mass index (BMI, perceived physical fitness (PPF, and body image (BI in adults (N =264, M =38.10 years. The findings indicated that PA was directly and indirectly associated with SE. BMI predicted SE neither directly nor indirectly, but was directly associated with PPF and both directly and indirectly with BI. Furthermore, PPF was directly related to BI and SE, and a direct association was found between BI and SE. The pattern of results suggests that among a sample of adults, PA is directly and indirectly associated with SE, PPF, and BI, but not with BMI. PA, PPF, and BI appear to play an important role in SE. Accordingly, regular PA should be promoted, in particular, among adults reporting lower SE. Keywords: physical activity, self-esteem, physical fitness, body image, adults

  12. Proceedings of the OECD/CSNI specialists meeting on fuel-coolant interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akiyama, Mamoru; Yamano, Norihiro; Sugimoto, Jun [eds.

    1998-01-01

    The OECD/CSNI Specialists Meeting on Fuel Coolant Interactions (FCI) was held at Tokai-mura in Japan on May 19 through 21, 1997, and attended by 80 participants from 14 countries and one international organizations. In the meeting 36 papers were presented followed by active discussions in six sessions on various aspects of FCI issues, such as reactor application, premixing, propagation/trigger, experiments and code/models. At the end of the Meeting, the participants have reached to the consensus on the summary and recommendations, which consists of the following items; (1) We find no new evidence that would change or violate the conclusion of SERG-2 (1996) that alpha-mode failure is not risk significant. (2) Significant progress has been made since the Santa Barbara meeting (1993). (3) Several areas have been identified, which need further investigations to understand the basic FCI phenomena, and to improve the modeling. (4) We recommend maximizing open communication between various research groups in order to accelerate the resolution of the remaining issues. (5) We recommend that the next specialist meeting be held within 3 to 5 years in order to synthesize the activities described above. (J.P.N.)

  13. The paradigm of métissage, between aesthetics and human sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Contini

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at reconstructing the paradigm of the métissage (crossbreeding, as it was developed in the social sciences of the French speaking countries: an approach to the problems caused by globalisation and by the more and more frequent interethnic contacts, which is characterized by its interdisciplinary nature, by the great importance ascribed to the concept of alterity (otherness in the identity building and by the as much deciding function attributed to the art of creation and/or interpretation of the cultural contamination processes. The analysis of the perspectives of Édouard Glissant, Serge Gruzinski, François Laplantine and Alexis Nouss highlights the mutual involvement between aesthetics and education: while the art production shows the dynamic and relational character of cultural identities, it emphasizes an often underestimated effect of the hybridisation and métissage processes: their creative potential, e.g. the original configurations they are able to create, even if social and power relation are inequal and asymmetrical.

  14. Catolicismo, Gentilismo e Mestiçagem na África Ocidental e Centro Ocidental no século XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Cordeiro Almeida

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo:Este trabalho trata dos processos de mescla cultural que se deram nos enclaves ibéricos da África Ocidental e Centro Ocidental, em especial nas formas de catolicismo mestiço surgidos nessas regiões. Realiza uma discussão sobre as relações desenvolvidas entre os lusos e os autóctones e as formas que encontraram para viver as religiões. O papel do governador ilustrado D. Francisco Inocêncio de Souza Coutinho e suas ações para coibir os gentilismos. Para tanto, foram utilizadas fontes primárias depositadas no AHU, cronistas e a historiografia sobre o tema. Todo o debate se dá a luz do conceito de mestiçagem desenvolvido por Serge Gruzinski que observa o fenômeno como elemento que atingiu a civilização moderna à medida que integravam-se os povos e os espaços do Novo Mundo ao projeto ibérico de expansão. As variedades surgidas para as práticas do catolicismo foram múltiplas, diferenciando-se nas duas regiões estudadas, mas sem deixar de envolver lusos e autóctones de forma completa tornando-se vetores para a propagação de práticas mestiças em outras partes do globo.

  15. Tres aproximaciones al mestizaje en América Latina colonial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Castaño Rodríguez.

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the exploration of three approaches to crossbreeding in the colonial history of Latin America: Race Mixture in the History of Latin America by Magnus Mörner, El Mestizaje como Gesta by Juan Olaechea Labayen and El Pensamiento Mestizo by Serge Gruzinski, the purpose of this article is to shed light on some of the limitations of the linguistic and conceptual tools available to historians to enable them to understand the crossbreeding process. Thus, the exercise proposed here is historiographical in nature since the immediate object of analysis is the three texts mentioned above. Nevertheless, the horizon on which the questions are formulated are the terms of the explanations themselves. The specific objectives are: firstly, to locate the central question in each work and its objective; secondly, to identify the concept elaborated by each author with respect to crossbreeding. Starting from there, the focus is placed on two main points: the relationship between crossbreeding and crossculturing and between crossbreeding and social order, in order to finally explore one of the dilemmas historians face by asking how they establish the categories with which they work.

  16. Research on flame retardation of wool fibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enomoto, Ichiro; Ametani, Kazuo; Sawai, Takeshi

    1990-01-01

    Flame retardant, vinyl phosphonate oligomer, was uniformly impregnated in wool fibers, and by irradiating low energy electron beam or cobalt-60 gamma ray, the flame retardation of fabrics was attempted, as the results, the following knowledges were obtained. At the rate of sticking of flame retardant lower than that in cotton fabrics, sufficient flame retarding property can be given. The flame retarding property withstands 30 times of washing. The lowering of strength due to the processing hardly arose. For the flame retardation, gamma-ray was more effective than electron beam. Since the accidents of burning clothes have occurred frequently, their flame retardation has been demanded. So far the flame retardation of cotton fabrics has been advanced, but this time the research on the flame retardation of wool fabrics was carried out by the same method. The experimental method is explained. As for the performance of the processed fabrics, the rate of sticking of the flame retardant, the efficiency of utilization, the flame retarding property, the endurance in washing and the tensile and tearing strength were examined. As the oxygen index was higher, the flame retarding property was higher, and in the case of the index being more than 27, the flame retarding property is sufficient, that is, the rate of sticking of 6% in serge and 5% in muslin. (K.I.)

  17. CERN Technical Training Programme 2003: Learning for the LHC! - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Nouveau curriculum CADENCE : cours et prochaines sessions Dans le cadre du suivi du programme ELEC-2002: Electronics in HEP, un nouveau curriculum CADENCE est maintenant offert par l'Enseignement Technique, composé par quatre modules: Module 1. Introduction à la CAO CADENCE : de la saisie de schéma Concept-HDL au PCB - prochaine session les 20 et 22 mai prochains (cours de 2 jours) Module 2. Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE - prochaine session en octobre 2003 (cours de 2 jours) Module 3. Conception de PCB rapides dans le flot CADENCE - première session le 11 juin 2003 (cours d'une demi-journée) Module 4. Réalisation de PCB rapides dans le flot CADENCE - première session le 17 juin 2003 (cours de 2 heures) Les cours, en français, seront gratuits et animés par Serge Brobecker et Jean-Michel Sainson de la section IT/PS/EAS (Electronic Applications Support). Objectif de ces modules de formation est de donner une vue générale du système CAO CADENCE utilisé...

  18. Theory and Experiment on Radiative Shocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, R. Paul

    2005-07-01

    The current generation of high-energy-density research facilities has enabled the beginnings of experimental studies of radiation hydrodynamic systems, common in astrophysics but difficult to produce in the laboratory. Radiative shock experiments specifically have been a topic of increasing effort in recent years. Our group and collaborators [1] have emphasized the radiographic observation of structure in radiative shocks. These shocks have been produced on the Omega laser by driving a Be piston through Xenon at velocities above 100 km/s. The talk will summarize these experiments and their results. Interpreting these and other experiments is hampered by the limited range of assumptions used in published theories, and by the limitations in readily available simulation tools. This has motivated an examination of radiative shock theory [2]. The talk will summarize the key issues and present results for specific cases. [ 1 ] Gail Glendinning, Ted Perry, Bruce Remington, Jim Knauer, Tom Boehly, and other members of the NLUF Experimental Astrophysics Team. Publications: Reighard et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. submitted; Leibrandt, et al., Ap J., in press, Reighard et al., IFSA 03 Proceedings, Amer. Nucl. Soc. (2004). [2] Useful discussions with Dmitri Ryutov and Serge Bouquet. Supported by the NNSA programs via DOE Grants DE-FG52-03NA00064 and DE FG53 2005 NA26014

  19. Photonique des Morphos

    CERN Document Server

    Berthier, Serge

    2010-01-01

    La photonique est déjà présente dans notre vie quotidienne, et on attend maintenant que la manipulation des photons permette aussi le traitement logique des informations. Cependant, l’élément de base qui permet cette manipulation de la lumière, le cristal photonique, est d’une réalisation complexe et mal contrôlée. Dans la course à la maîtrise de la lumière, les structures photoniques naturelles ont beaucoup à nous apprendre. C’est ce que nous montre Serge Berthier qui étudie dans ce livre la structure des écailles des Morphos. Tenant compte de l’essor récent des approches biomimétiques, il présente de manière détaillée plus de dix-huit techniques expérimentales utilisées pour ses analyses, ainsi que les diverses approches théoriques développées pour la modélisation de structures multi-échelles complexes. Première étude quasi-exhaustive des structures fines d’un genre et des propriétés optiques ainsi que colorimétriques générées, ce livre fournit aux entomologiste...

  20. RECORD CLUB

    CERN Multimedia

    RECORD CLUB

    2010-01-01

    NEW SUMMER SELECTION At the end of June we added another 20 or so DVDs and a few CDs to the Club shelves. Among the DVDs you will find a number aimed at the younger generation including Alvin and the Chipmunks 2 and The Princess and the Frog. Moving up a register, we added Avatar (but only the 2D version is available), Lucky Luke, and Invictus, the story of how South Africa won the World Cup, the rugby version. And if you’re into biographies, we have the story of the mysterious Carlos (the Venezuelan revolutionary who founded a worldwide terrorist organization) in three parts and a Life of Serge Gainsbourg. We only bought a few CDs this month but they include the re-release of the Rolling Stones Exile on Main Street with many new tracks, and the AC/DC soundtrack of the Ironman 2 film. The full list can be consulted at : http://cern.ch/crc Select “Discs of the Month” from the menu on the left of the screen and then “June 2010”.   We remind you t...

  1. The World is Yours: “Degrowth”, Racial Inequality and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Gilmore

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In French economist Serge Latouche’s 2009 book, Farewell to Growth, Latouche discusses “degrowth” in great detail, but he also explains how racial bias (and bias in general in the world today has no place in a post-GDP world that embraces the principles outlined in “degrowth” or, as he calls it, décroissance. Latouche writes in Farewell to Growth that “we resist, and must resist all forms of racism and discrimination (skin color, sex, religion, ethnicity”, biases he insist are “all too common in the West today.” Latouche’s ideas are important for considering “degrowth”, because racial bias and the historical problems presented by that bias, in the United States, continues despite efforts to address it in a significant manner. The World is Yours discusses “degrowth” , economic growth and racial inequality, seeking to not only provide a better understanding of the recent social, legal and political meaning of these terms, but also the difficulties presented by these ideas today in a world increasingly committed to economic growth, even at the expense of human existence. How can a new economic paradigm be pursued that is more sustainable? Will African-Americans and other groups of color and nations of color accept “degrowth” if the US begins to implement a real sustainable agenda that addresses racial inequality?

  2. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Chie Ikeya, Refiguring women, colonialism, and modernity in Burma (Henk Schulte Nordholt Thomas J. Conners, Mason C. Hoadley, Frank Dhont, Kevin Ko (eds, Pancasila’s contemporary appeal: Relegitimizing Indonesia’s founding ethos (R.E. Elson I Nyoman Darma Putra, A literary mirror: Balinese reflections on modernity and identity in the twentieth century (Dick van der Meij Margaret Jolly. Serge Tcherkézoff and Darrell Tryon (eds, Oceanic encounters: Exchange, desire, violence (H.J.M. Claessen Rudolf Mrázek, A certain age: Colonial Jakarta through the memories of its intellectuals (Lutgard Mutsaers Jan Ovesen and Ing-Britt Trankell, Cambodians and their doctors: A medical anthropology of colonial and post-colonial Cambodia (Vivek Neelakantan Daromir Rudnyckyj, Spiritual economies: Islam, globalization and the afterlife of development (Gabrial Facal Claudine Salmon, Sastra Indonesia awal: Kontribusi orang Tionghoa (Melani Budianta Renate Sternagel, Der Humboldt von Java: Leben und Werk des Naturforschers Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn 1809-1864 (Andreas Weber Wynn Wilcox (ed., Vietnam and the West: New approaches (Hans Hägerdal Zheng Yangwen and Charles J.H Macdonald (eds, Personal names in Asia: History, culture and identity (Rosemary Gianno

  3. The miniature accelerator

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    The image that most people have of CERN is of its enormous accelerators and their capacity to accelerate particles to extremely high energies. But thanks to some cutting-edge studies on beam dynamics and radiofrequency technology, along with innovative construction techniques, teams at CERN have now created the first module of a brand-new accelerator, which will be just 2 metres long. The potential uses of this miniature accelerator will include deployment in hospitals for the production of medical isotopes and the treatment of cancer. It’s a real David-and-Goliath story.   Serge Mathot, in charge of the construction of the "mini-RFQ", pictured with the first of the four modules that will make up the miniature accelerator. The miniature accelerator consists of a radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ), a component found at the start of all proton accelerator chains around the world, from the smallest to the largest. The LHC is designed to produce very high-intensity beams ...

  4. Sleep and its importance in adolescence and in common adolescent somatic and psychiatric conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Br

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Serge Brand1, Roumen Kirov21Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Institute of Neurobiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, BulgariaThe authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Restoring sleep is strongly associated with a better physical, cognitive, and psychological well-being. By contrast, poor or disordered sleep is related to impairment of cognitive and psychological functioning and worsened physical health. These associations are well documented not only in adults but also in children and adolescents. Importantly, adolescence is hallmarked by dramatic maturational changes in sleep and its neurobiological regulation, hormonal status, and many psychosocial and physical processes. Thus, the role of sleep in mental and physical health during adolescence and in adolescent patients is complex. However, it has so far received little attention. This review first presents contemporary views about the complex neurobiology of sleep and its functions with important implications for adolescence. Second, existing complex relationships between common adolescent somatic/organic, sleep-related, and psychiatric disorders and certain sleep alterations are discussed. It is concluded that poor or altered sleep in adolescent patients may trigger and maintain many psychiatric and physical disorders or combinations of these conditions, which presumably hinder recovery and may cross into later stages of life. Therefore, timely diagnosis and management of sleep problems appear critical for growth and development in adolescent patients.Keywords: cognitive, psychological, neurobiology, growth, development, sleep physiology, rapid eye movement, non-REM sleep, behavioral disorders, adolescents

  5. Perceived parenting styles differ between genders but not between elite athletes and controls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Brand

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Serge Brand1, Markus Gerber2, Johannes Beck1, Nadeem Kalak1, Martin Hatzinger1,3, Uwe Pühse2, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler11Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Psychiatric Hospital, Solothurn, SwitzerlandAbstract: For adolescent elite athletes, parental financial and emotional support is crucial. However, parents of elite athletes may be critical and demanding. Moreover, there is evidence that girls report more favorable perceived parenting styles compared with boys. The aim of the present study was to investigate perceived parenting styles among female and male adolescent elite athletes and controls. We sampled 258 adolescent elite athletes (139 females, 119 males and 176 controls (139 females, 37 males. Participants completed a questionnaire to assess perceived parenting styles (support, commendation, reproach, restriction, inconsistency. Results showed that parenting styles did not differ between athletes and controls, except for restriction, for which athletes reported lower levels. Female adolescents had higher scores for positive and lower scores for negative perceived parenting styles.Keywords: parenting style, gender, elite athletes, controls

  6. Music after the rain

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The group Home Cooking (left to right: Jean-Marie Planche, Tony Arnold, Serge Waeffler, Django Manglunki) entertains the crowd with a humoristic blues/rock performance. The earth moved in Prévessin on 29 July. This was not an earthquake but an 'international' music event, the seventeenth CERN Hardronic Festival, which saw musicians from many different countries, including Russia, Britain, Spain, France, Belgium and the USA, take to the stage. The audience rocked to music from eight different groups until the early hours. About a thousand people flocked to CERN to hear what the best of its musical talents had to offer. The evening was very nearly a wash-out, though. After a week of scorching hot temperatures, the heavens suddenly opened and the rain didn't stop until a few minutes before the first act came on stage. Thanks to this narrow escape, the organisers can boast a 17-year run of rain-free Hardronic festivals. All the different musical styles were given a warm reception, from traditional Russian folk...

  7. CERN Technical Training 2002: Learning for the LHC! Introduction à la CAO CADENCE - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2002-01-01

    Dans le cadre du suivi du programme ELEC-2002 : Electronics in HEP, une nouvelle session du cours Introduction à la CAO CADENCE. De la saisie de schéma Concept-HDL au PCB est programmée pour le 4 et 5 juin prochains. Le cours, en français, est gratuit et sera animé par Serge Brobecker de la division IT/PS/EAS. Objectif de cette formation est de donner une vue générale du système CAO CADENCE utilisé au CERN, et d'en connaître l'environnement et les possibilités, en acquérant des notions suffisantes pour utiliser la saisie de schéma. Le cours est ciblé pour une audience d'ingénieurs et techniciens désirant utiliser les outils CAO disponibles au CERN, afin de concevoir des circuits logiques et des circuits programmables digitaux. Plus d'information, et possibilité d'inscription par EDH sont accessibles depuis les pages «...

  8. Introduction à la CAO CADENCE - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2002-01-01

    CERN Technical Training Programme: Learning for the LHC ! Dans le cadre du suivi du programme ELEC-2002 : Electronics in HEP, une nouvelle session du cours Introduction à la CAO CADENCE : de la saisie de schéma Concept-HDL au PCB est programmée pour les 10 et 11 décembre prochains. Le cours, en français, est gratuit et sera animé par Serge Brobecker de la division IT/PS/EAS. L'objectif de cette formation est de donner une vue générale du système CAO CADENCE utilisé au CERN, et d'en connaître l'environnement et les possibilités, en acquérant des notions suffisantes pour utiliser la saisie de schéma. Le cours est ciblé pour une audience d'ingénieurs et techniciens désirant utiliser les outils CAO disponibles au CERN, afin de concevoir des circuits logiques et des circuits programmables digitaux. Si vous désirez partic...

  9. Experience with DPP-4 inhibitors in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes fasting during Ramadan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schweizer A

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Anja Schweizer,1 Serge Halimi,2,3 Sylvie Dejager4 1Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 2Department of Diabetology, Endocrinology and Nutrition, University Hospital of Grenoble, France; 3Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France; 4Novartis Pharma SAS, Rueil-Malmaison, France Abstract: A large proportion of Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM elect to fast during the holy month of Ramadan. For these patients hypo- and hyperglycemia constitute two major complications associated with the profound changes in food pattern during the Ramadan fast, and efficacious treatment options with a low risk of hypoglycemia are therefore needed to manage their T2DM as effectively and safely as possible. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4 inhibitors modulate insulin and glucagon secretion in a glucose-dependent manner, and consequently a low propensity of hypoglycemia has consistently been reported across different patient populations with these agents. Promising data with DPP-4 inhibitors have now also started to emerge in patients with T2DM fasting during Ramadan. The objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the currently available evidence and potential role of DPP-4 inhibitors in the management of patients with T2DM fasting during Ramadan whose diabetes is treated with oral antidiabetic drugs, and to discuss the mechanistic basis for their beneficial effects in this setting. Keywords: dipeptidyl peptidase-4, incretin, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia

  10. TRABALHO, EMPREGO, PRECARIEDADE: dimensões conceituais em debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Beckenkamp Vargas

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo discutir conceitualmente a noção de precariedade do trabalho, tendo em vista que ela é amplamente utilizada na sociologia, sem que um significado preciso seja formulado. Propõe-se uma abordagem relacional e construtivista, que procura articular as condições objetivas e subjetivas de produção do fenômeno em questão. Para tanto, parte-se do debate sobre o conceito de trabalho, a fim de melhor definir em que consiste sua precariedade. Argumenta-se, igualmente, a necessidade de situar esse debate no âmbito de quadros teóricos mais amplos de interpretação sociológica. Identificam-se duas dimensões cruciais na análise da precariedade do trabalho, a relação de emprego ou trabalho e a atividade laboral propriamente dita, discutindo-se exemplarmente as perspectivas teóricas de dois autores franceses especialmente interessados nesse tema: Robert Castel e Serge Paugam. Finalmente, discutem-se algumas implicações desse debate para a realidade brasileira, sustentando-se a importância de dar um tratamento multidimensional ao fenômeno.

  11. Hit the gas: go green!

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    Just one year ago, CERN took delivery of its first bi-fuel vehicles (see article in Bulletin 07-08/2011). Today, the fleet comprises 100 vehicles capable of running with petrol or natural gas. At that time, Véronique Marchal, head of the Site Services section in the GS Department, told us: “We are counting on CERN car users’ environmental awareness to use natural gas fuel whenever possible.” Observations one year later show that... well, let’s say there is still plenty of room for improvement. A new awareness campaign has therefore been launched.   “Running on natural gas reduces carbon dioxide emissions by some 40%,” explains Serge Micallef of the Services Industriels de Genève (SIG), CERN’s partners for this green mobility project. CNG contains 20% biogas, which is carbon-neutral. CNG produces 60 to 95% less pollution overall than ordinary petrol, and it is entirely soot-free. It is true that filli...

  12. The Role of Endophytic Microorganisms of Medicinal Plants in the Adaptation of Host Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhivetev M.A.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Cultures of microorganisms were isolated from endosphere of Lake Baikal littoral zone plants: Veronica chamaedrys L., Alchemilla subscrenata Buser, Achillea asiatica Serg., Taraxacum officinale Wigg., Plantago major L. Morphology and biochemical properties of isolated bacteria were studied. For the majority of the endophytic bacterial cultures cellulolitic and proteolytic activity has been shown, which necessary for the effective colonization of plant tissue. For many cultures revealed ability in varying degrees to form a biofilm to improve survival in a vegetative organism. Their potencial role in adaptation of plant-hosts under conditions of climat Baikal region was shown. In particular, 9 of cultures demonstrated ability to act as nitrogen retainer. The vast majority of bacterial cultures did not have phytotoxicity or demonstrated its low level, reflecting and minimum negative effects of them on plant. Moreover, culture with encryption P3, isolated from Plantago major in August, showed a stimulatory effect in experiments on phytotoxicity. This same culture possessed the highest ability to secrete sugars as at +26°С and at +4°С.

  13. Highlights from e-EPS: Jean-Michel Raimond wins EPS Edison-Volta Prize 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Martina Knoop, e-EPS News

    2014-01-01

    e-EPS News is a monthly addition to the CERN Bulletin line-up, showcasing articles from e-EPS – the European Physical Society newsletter – as part of a collaboration between the two publications.   The European Physical Society has the pleasure to announce that the 2014 EPS Edison-Volta Prize is awarded to Jean-Michel Raimond for “seminal contribution to physics (that) have paved the way for novel explorations of quantum mechanics and have opened new routes in quantum information processing”. J.-M. Raimond’s PhD thesis was supervised by Serge Haroche at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, in the early 1980′s, and together S. Haroche, M. Brune and J.-M. Raimond have built an extremely successful research group since then. J.-M. Raimond has made seminal contributions to the development of cavity QED experiments, in particular involving circular Rydberg atoms interacting with very high-Q superc...

  14. Structure and expression of an unusually acidic matrix protein of pearl oyster shells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsukamoto, Daiki; Sarashina, Isao; Endo, Kazuyoshi

    2004-01-01

    We report identification and characterization of the unusually acidic molluscan shell matrix protein Aspein, which may have important roles in calcium carbonate biomineralization. The Aspein gene (aspein) encodes a sequence of 413 amino acids, including a high proportion of Asp (60.4%), Gly (16.0%), and Ser (13.2%), and the predicted isoelectric point is 1.45; this is the most acidic of all the molluscan shell matrix proteins sequenced so far, or probably even of all known proteins on earth. The main body of Aspein is occupied by (Asp) 2-10 sequences punctuated with Ser-Gly dipeptides. RT-PCR demonstrated that the transcript of aspein is expressed at the outer edge of the mantle, corresponding to the calcitic prismatic layer, but not at the inner part of the mantle, corresponding to the aragonitic nacreous layer. Our findings and previous in vitro experiments taken together suggest that Aspein is responsible for directed formation of calcite in the shell of the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata

  15. Interview with Dr. Charley Zeanah: (interviewed by Normand Carrey MD, Tulane University, New Orleans, January 9, 2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Dr. Charles Zeanah is the Mary K. Sellars-Polchow Chair in Psychiatry, Professor of Clinical Pediatrics and Vice Chair for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans. He is also Executive Director of the Institute for Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health at Tulane. He is the recipient of multiple awards including the Irving Phillips Award for Prevention, (AACAP), the Presidential Citation for Distinguished Research and Leadership in Infant Mental Health (American Orthopsychiatric Association), the Sarah Haley Memorial Award for Clinical Excellence (International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies), the Blanche F. Ittelson Award for Research in Child Psychiatry (APA), and the Serge Lebovici Award for International Contributions in Infant Mental Health (World Association for Infant Mental Health). Dr. Zeanah is a Distinguished Fellow of AACAP, a Distinguished Fellow of the APA and a Board Member of Zero to Three. He is the Editor of Handbook of Infant Mental Health (3(rd) edition) considered as the state of the art textbook and standard reference in the field of Infant Mental Health.

  16. Los Wayúu y los cocina: dos caras diferentes de una misma moneda en la resistencia indígena en la Guajira, siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Polo Acuña

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de conquista y colonización de América por los españoles generó conflictos sociales entre éstos y los aborígenes americanos. Buena parte de estos conflictos descansó en la resistencia que desplegaron los indios frente a las formas de dominación hispana; la resistencia iba desde los actos más simples de la vida cotidiana hasta los movimientos armados de grandes dimensiones. Algunos grupos indígenas lograron mantenerse por las estrategias que adoptaron frente a las políticas de dominación, otros estuvieron condenados a su a desaparecer. En cuanto a los primeros Serge Gruzinski destaca el proceso de resistencia desplegado por los indios de México entre los siglos XVIy XVIII,analizando rigurosamente las fuentes con ayuda de disciplinas como la pictografía y la semiótica, tratando en lo posible de mostrar la visión india del conflicto.

  17. Representações sociais dos alunos da rede pública de ensino do Distrito Federal sobre a Sociologia no ensino médio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlando da Silva Rêses

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article emphasizes the instability of the Sociology presence in Brazilian high school and places the situation of the subject in Distrito Federal scope. Both the official documents and the teachers of the subject agree that it is a dynamic knowledge, as well as flexible and practical, that prepares the pupils for the entire exercise of their citizenship. However, the students’ opinion about the Sociology teaching is emphasized. In this sense, it is presented the result of a Master’s degree dissertation that focused students of the third year of high school, distributed in focal groups in Santa Maria and Asa Norte, in Brasília, Distrito Federal. The theory of the social representations served as an orientation to the theoretical and methodological development, in which Serge Moscovici and Willem Doise were the principal representatives. The latter developed a social perspective to the studies of social representations: the existence of a common content in the social representations of the positions, the existence of differences within that common content and the existence of an anchorage of the different positions.

  18. Determinants of Glycosaminoglycan (GAG Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristian Prydz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Proteoglycans (PGs are glycosylated proteins of biological importance at cell surfaces, in the extracellular matrix, and in the circulation. PGs are produced and modified by glycosaminoglycan (GAG chains in the secretory pathway of animal cells. The most common GAG attachment site is a serine residue followed by a glycine (-ser-gly-, from which a linker tetrasaccharide extends and may continue as a heparan sulfate, a heparin, a chondroitin sulfate, or a dermatan sulfate GAG chain. Which type of GAG chain becomes attached to the linker tetrasaccharide is influenced by the structure of the protein core, modifications occurring to the linker tetrasaccharide itself, and the biochemical environment of the Golgi apparatus, where GAG polymerization and modification by sulfation and epimerization take place. The same cell type may produce different GAG chains that vary, depending on the extent of epimerization and sulfation. However, it is not known to what extent these differences are caused by compartmental segregation of protein cores en route through the secretory pathway or by differential recruitment of modifying enzymes during synthesis of different PGs. The topic of this review is how different aspects of protein structure, cellular biochemistry, and compartmentalization may influence GAG synthesis.

  19. Stress modulation of cognitive and affective processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    CAMPEAU, SERGE; LIBERZON, ISRAEL; MORILAK, DAVID; RESSLER, KERRY

    2012-01-01

    This review summarizes the major discussion points of a symposium on stress modulation of cognitive and affective processes, which was held during the 2010 workshop on the neurobiology of stress (Boulder, CO, USA). The four discussants addressed a number of specific cognitive and affective factors that are modulated by exposure to acute or repeated stress. Dr David Morilak discussed the effects of various repeated stress situations on cognitive flexibility, as assessed with a rodent model of attentional set-shifting task, and how performance on slightly different aspects of this test is modulated by different prefrontal regions through monoaminergic neurotransmission. Dr Serge Campeau summarized the findings of several studies exploring a number of factors and brain regions that regulate habituation of various autonomic and neuroendocrine responses to repeated audiogenic stress exposures. Dr Kerry Ressler discussed a body of work exploring the modulation and extinction of fear memories in rodents and humans, especially focusing on the role of key neurotransmitter systems including excitatory amino acids and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Dr Israel Liberzon presented recent results on human decision-making processes in response to exogenous glucocorticoid hormone administration. Overall, these discussions are casting a wider framework on the cognitive/affective processes that are distinctly regulated by the experience of stress and some of the brain regions and neurotransmitter systems associated with these effects. PMID:21790481

  20. Biaxial seismic behaviour of reinforced concrete columns =

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Hugo Filipe Pinheiro

    envolventes forca-deslocamento, mas foram encontradas algumas dificuldades na representacao da degradacao de resistencia e na evolucao da energia dissipada. Por fim, e proposto um modelo global para a representacao do comportamento nao-linear em flexao de elementos de betao armado sujeitos a acoes biaxiais ciclicas. Este modelo tem por base um modelo uniaxial conhecido, combinado com uma funcao de interacao desenvolvida com base no modelo de Bouc- Wen. Esta funcao de interacao foi calibrada com recurso a tecnicas de otimizacao e usando resultados de uma serie de analises numericas com um modelo refinado. E ainda demonstrada a capacidade do modelo simplificado em reproduzir os resultados experimentais de ensaios biaxiais de pilares.

  1. Fourier transform and particle swarm optimization based modified LQR algorithm for mitigation of vibrations using magnetorheological dampers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Gaurav; Kumar, Ashok

    2017-11-01

    Structural control has gained significant attention in recent times. The standalone issue of power requirement during an earthquake has already been solved up to a large extent by designing semi-active control systems using conventional linear quadratic control theory, and many other intelligent control algorithms such as fuzzy controllers, artificial neural networks, etc. In conventional linear-quadratic regulator (LQR) theory, it is customary to note that the values of the design parameters are decided at the time of designing the controller and cannot be subsequently altered. During an earthquake event, the response of the structure may increase or decrease, depending the quasi-resonance occurring between the structure and the earthquake. In this case, it is essential to modify the value of the design parameters of the conventional LQR controller to obtain optimum control force to mitigate the vibrations due to the earthquake. A few studies have been done to sort out this issue but in all these studies it was necessary to maintain a database of the earthquake. To solve this problem and to find the optimized design parameters of the LQR controller in real time, a fast Fourier transform and particle swarm optimization based modified linear quadratic regulator method is presented here. This method comprises four different algorithms: particle swarm optimization (PSO), the fast Fourier transform (FFT), clipped control algorithm and the LQR. The FFT helps to obtain the dominant frequency for every time window. PSO finds the optimum gain matrix through the real-time update of the weighting matrix R, thereby, dispensing with the experimentation. The clipped control law is employed to match the magnetorheological (MR) damper force with the desired force given by the controller. The modified Bouc-Wen phenomenological model is taken to recognize the nonlinearities in the MR damper. The assessment of the advised method is done by simulation of a three-story structure

  2. Cortisol levels and sleep patterns in infants with orofacial clefts undergoing surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mueller AA

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Andreas A Mueller,1,2 Nadeem Kalak,3 Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer,1,2 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,4 1Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel and University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Hightech Research Center of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland; 4Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Traumatic events during early infancy might damage infants’ psychobiological functioning, such as sleep and cortisol secretion. Infants born with orofacial clefts (OFCs undergo functional, anatomical, and aesthetic surgery. The aim of the present study was to determine whether infants with OFC and undergoing OFC surgery show deteriorated sleep and cortisol secretion compared with healthy controls and with their presurgery status.Methods: A total of 27 infants with OFC (mean age: 22 weeks and 30 healthy controls (mean age: 23 weeks took part in the study. For infants with OFC, sleep actigraphy was performed and saliva cortisol was analyzed 5 days before, during, and 5 days after surgery. For controls, sleep and saliva cortisol were assessed similarly, except for the period taken up with surgery.Results: Compared with healthy controls, infants with OFC undergoing OFC surgery did not differ in sleep and cortisol secretion. Their sleep and cortisol secretion did deteriorate during the perisurgical period but recovered 5 days postsurgery. Conclusion: In infants with OFC undergoing corrective surgery, the pattern of results for sleep and cortisol suggests that OFC surgery does not seem to constitute a traumatic event with long-term consequences. Keywords: cortisol, sleep, orofacial cleft, surgery, infants

  3. Poor mental health status and aggression are associated with poor driving behavior among male traffic offenders

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    Abdoli N

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Nasrin Abdoli,1,2 Vahid Farnia,3 Ali Delavar,4 Alirez Esmaeili,5 Fariborz Dortaj,4 Noorali Farrokhi,4 Majid Karami,6 Jalal Shakeri,3 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,7 Serge Brand7,8 1International University of Imam Reza, Mashhad, 2Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, 3Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Psychiatry Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, 4Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, 5Police University, Tehran, 6Baharestan Research Center, Kermanshah Transportation Terminal, Kermanshah, Iran, 7Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, 8Department of Sport and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: In Iran, traffic accidents and deaths from traffic accidents are among the highest in the world, and generally driver behavior rather than either technical failures or environmental conditions are responsible for traffic accidents. In the present study, we explored the extent to which aggressive traits, health status, and sociodemographic variables explain driving behavior among Iranian male traffic offenders. Method: A total of 443 male driving offenders (mean age: M =31.40 years, standard deviation =9.56 from Kermanshah (Iran took part in the study. Participants completed a questionnaire booklet covering sociodemographic variables, traits of aggression, health status, and driving behavior. Results: Poor health status, such as symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and social dysfunction, and also higher levels of trait aggression explained poor driving behavior. Multiple regressions indicated that poor health status, but not aggression, independently predicted poor driving behavior. Conclusion: Results suggest that health status concerns are associated with poor driving behavior. Prevention and intervention might therefore focus on drivers reporting poor mental health status

  4. In patients suffering from idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy, anxiety scores are higher than in healthy controls, but do not vary according to sex or repeated central serous chorioretinopathy

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    Bazzazi N

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nooshin Bazzazi,1 Mohammad Ahmadpanah,2 Siamak Akbarzadeh,1 Mohammad Ali Seif Rabiei,3 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,4 Serge Brand4,5 1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 2Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences; Hamadan, Iran; 3Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 4Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland; 5Department of Sport and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Introduction: Idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR is a relatively common ophthalmic disorder characterized by the development of a serous detachment of the sensory retina. Psychophysiological factors may trigger or maintain CSCR, though, surprisingly, the association between CSCR and anxiety has yet to be studied. The aims of the present study were threefold: to determine whether 1 Iranian patients with CSCR have higher scores for anxiety, 2 anxiety is lower, if CSCR has been experienced twice, and whether 3 anxiety scores differ between sexes.Methods: A total of 30 patients with CSCR and 30 healthy age- and sex-matched controls took part in the study. A brief face-to-face interview was conducted covering demographic variables and history and occurrence of CSCR and assessing anxiety.Results: Compared to healthy controls, anxiety was significantly higher in both first-time and second-time CSCR patients. In CSCR patients, anxiety scores did not differ between sexes.Conclusion: Higher anxiety scores were observed in Iranian patients with CSCR, irrespective of whether this was the first or second occurrence of CSCR. This suggests there is no psychological adaptation in terms of reduced anxiety among patients with repeated CSCR. Keywords: idiopathic central

  5. Differences in maladaptive schemas between patients suffering from chronic and acute posttraumatic stress disorder and healthy controls

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    Ahmadian A

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Alireza Ahmadian,1,2 Jafar Mirzaee,1 Maryam Omidbeygi,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,41Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, 2Sadr Psychiatric Hospital, Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center (JMERC, Tehran, Iran; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 4Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: War, as a stressor event, has a variety of acute and chronic negative consequences, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD. In this context, early maladaptive schema-based problems in PTSD have recently become an important research area. The aim of this study was to assess early maladaptive schemas in patients with acute and chronic PTSD.Method: Using available sampling methods and diagnostic criteria, 30 patients with chronic PTSD, 30 patients with acute PTSD, and 30 normal military personnel who were matched in terms of age and wartime experience were selected and assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire-Long Form, Beck Depression Inventory second version (BDI-II, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, and the Impact of Events Scale (IES.Results: Both acute and chronic PTSD patients, when compared with normal military personnel, had higher scores for all early maladaptive schemas. Additionally, veterans suffering from chronic PTSD, as compared with veterans suffering from acute PTSD and veterans without PTSD, reported more impaired schemas related, for instance, to Self-Control, Social Isolation, and Vulnerability to Harm and Illness.Discussion: The results of the present study have significant preventative, diagnostic, clinical, research, and educational implications with respect to PTSD. Keywords: veterans, PTSD, depression, anxiety 

  6. Psychological distress and coping in military cadre candidates

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    Nakkas C

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Can Nakkas,1 Hubert Annen,1 Serge Brand2,3 1Department of Military Psychology Studies, Military Academy at ETH Zurich, Zurich, 2Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 3Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Soldiers must cope with stressors during both military operations and training if they are to accomplish their missions successfully and stay mentally stable. This holds true particularly for military superiors, as they bear greater responsibilities and must meet greater demands during both deployment and training. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether recruits chosen for further promotion at the end of basic training differed with regard to psychological distress and coping strategies from those not chosen for promotion, and whether recruits’ coping styles and distress levels were associated. Methods: A total of 675 Swiss recruits took part in the study. At the beginning of basic training, recruits filled out self-rating questionnaires covering demographic data, psychological distress (depression, somatization, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility, and coping styles. Results were compared between those recruits who received a recommendation for further promotion at the end of basic training and those who did not. Results: Recruits selected for promotion had lower scores for depressive symptoms and hostility, engaged more in active coping, and considered their coping to be more effective. Dysfunctional and functional coping were associated with higher and lower distress levels, respectively. Conclusion: Recruits recommended for promotion exhibited less psychological distress during basic training and exhibited a socially more conducive profile of distress. They also endorsed more efficient and more prosocial coping strategies than those recruits not recommended for

  7. Alguns Rodrigos: relato de viagem sobre a ficcionalização do sujeito

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    Rodrigo Barbosa

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho investiga as fronteiras e interpenetrações entre a ficção e o real (entre verdade e mentira nas narrativas de si. Observa a distinção aristotélica entre cronistas e poetas; a “literariedade condicional” de textos referenciais e a “literariedade constitutiva” de textos ficcionais, conforme Genette; a divisão de Cosson entre “império dos fatos” e “jardim da imaginação”. Analisa a quebra desta dicotomia pela recepção literária de textos autobiográficos e a provocação trazida pelo conceito de autoficção. Avalia a frequente experiência romanesca contemporânea de transitar entre realidade e invenção. Para análise de textos por este prisma, propõe a ideia de uma “linha da ficcionalidade” e discute os romances Tentativas de capturar o ar, de Flávio Izhaki; Baseado em fatos reais, de Delphine de Vigan; A resistência, de Julián Fuks. Questões sobre a ficcionalização do sujeito, em suas narrativas de vida, são abordadas: a autoficcionalização no cumprimento de seus papéis sociais; a ação do inconsciente nas escolhas narrativas; a invenção da memória. São referenciados autores como Aristóteles, Roland Barthes, Philippe Lejeune, Serge Doubrovski, Mikhail Bakhtin, Gérard Genette, Philippe Gasparini, Silviano Santiago, Eurídice Figueiredo, Evando Nascimento, Manuel Alberca, Anna Faedrich, Rildo Cosson.   --- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/matraga.2017.30066

  8. Combination treatment in the management of type 2 diabetes: focus on vildagliptin and metformin as a single tablet

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    Serge Halimi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Serge Halimi1, Anja Schweizer2, Biljana Minic2, James Foley3, Sylvie Dejager41University Hospital of Grenoble College of Medicine, Diabetes and Endocrine department, Grenoble, France; 2Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 3Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, E. Hanover, NJ, 4Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Rueil Malmaison, FranceAbstract: Vildagliptin is a potent and selective inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-4, orally active, that improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM primarily by enhancing pancreatic (α and β islet function. Thus vildagliptin has been shown both to improve insulin secretion and to suppress the inappropriate glucagon secretion seen in patients with T2DM. Vildagliptin reduces HbA1c when given as monotherapy, without weight gain and with minimal hypoglycemia, or in combination with the most commonly prescribed classes of oral hypoglycemic drugs: metformin, a sulfonylurea, a thiazolidinedione, or insulin. Metformin, with a different mode of action not addressing β-cell dysfunction, has been used for about 50 years and still represents the universal first line therapy of all guidelines. However, given the multiple pathophysiological abnormalities in T2DM and the progressive nature of the disease, intensification of therapy with combinations is typically required over time. Recent guidelines imply that patients will require pharmacologic combinations much earlier to attain and sustain the increasingly stringent glycemic targets, with careful drug selection to avoid unwanted adverse events, especially hypoglycemia. The combination of metformin and vildagliptin offers advantages when compared to currently used combinations with additive efficacy and complimentary mechanisms of action, since it does not increase the risk of hypoglycemia and does not promote weight gain. Therefore, by specifically combining these agents in a single tablet, there is considerable potential to achieve

  9. The impact of a preloaded intraocular lens delivery system on operating room efficiency in routine cataract surgery

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    Jones JJ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Jason J Jones,1 Jeffrey Chu,2 Jacob Graham,2 Serge Zaluski,3 Guillermo Rocha4 1Jones Eye Clinic, Sioux City, IA, 2Quorum Consulting Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA; 3VISIS, Perpignan, France; 4Ocular Microsurgery & Laser Centre, Brandon, MB, Canada Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the operational impact of using preloaded intraocular lens (IOL delivery systems compared with manually loaded IOL delivery processes during routine cataract surgeries. Methods: Time and motion data, staff and surgery schedules, and cost accounting reports were collected across three sites located in the US, France, and Canada. Time and motion data were collected for manually loaded IOL processes and preloaded IOL delivery systems over four surgery days. Staff and surgery schedules and cost accounting reports were collected during the 2 months prior and after introduction of the preloaded IOL delivery system. Results: The study included a total of 154 routine cataract surgeries across all three sites. Of these, 77 surgeries were performed using a preloaded IOL delivery system, and the remaining 77 surgeries were performed using a manual IOL delivery process. Across all three sites, use of the preloaded IOL delivery system significantly decreased mean total case time by 6.2%–12.0% (P<0.001 for data from Canada and the US and P<0.05 for data from France. Use of the preloaded delivery system also decreased surgeon lens time, surgeon delays, and eliminated lens touches during IOL preparation. Conclusion: Compared to a manual IOL delivery process, use of a preloaded IOL delivery system for cataract surgery reduced total case time, total surgeon lens time, surgeon delays, and eliminated IOL touches. The time savings provided by the preloaded IOL delivery system provide an opportunity for sites to improve routine cataract surgery throughput without impacting surgeon or staff capacity. Keywords: time and motion, provider impact, surgical throughput, IOL

  10. “Reffos, Wogs and Dagoes:” The Immigration Experience in Post-World War II Australia

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    Susan Jacobowitz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2016v69n2p77 This article seeks to analyze the ways in which immigrants experienced Australia in the years following World War II, when the makeup of Australian society changed. In The Voyage of Their Life: The Story of the SS Derna and Its Passengers, Diane Armstrong – a child immigrant to Australia – writes, “Homogenous, conservative and almost entirely Anglo-Saxon in its origin, Australians were about to awake from there illusion of perfection” (274. Focusing on memoir, poetry and short stories, this article analyzes Andra Kins’ memoir Coming and Going: A Family Quest; Serge Liberman’s short stories “Home,” “Greetings, Australia!  To You I Have Come,” “The Fortress” and “Two Years in Exile;” Peter Skrzynecki’s The Sparrow Garden; Lily Brett’s poetry; and Susan Varga’s memoir Heddy and Me.  Jewish and non-Jewish immigrants from Russia, Poland, Latvia, Hungary and Ukriane struggled with trying to build new lives in a new land in the face of prejudice and “anti-refo” feeling. Measures were introduced to limit severely the number of Jewish refugees allowed to travel to Australia. Despite these obstacles, Australia was transformed.  According to Mark Wyman, “Eventually, 182,159 DPs emigrated to Australia, led by 60,000 Poles and 36,000 Balts.  Enough of an Eastern European mixture was admitted through Australian gates to constitute a small revolution in the nation’s much-publicized homogeneity.  The long tradition of allowing only British stock down under was broken.  By 1966 almost one in five Australians was a postwar immigrant or the child of one, and 60 percent of this group had non-British ethnic backgrounds” (191.

  11. The theory of social representations: overview and critique

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    Matej Černigoj

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the theory of social representations is one of the most popular, but at the same time one of the most controversial theories in contemporary social psychology. Its author, Serge Moscovici, conceived it with the explicit intention to create an alternative to the prevailing individualistic and psychologising, North-American social psychology. The theory of social representations is aimed at being a new social-psyhological paradigm, which would enable this scientific field to occupy a central place among the social sciencies. This place is supposed to be reserved for the field that would be able to connect the individual and the collective level of explanation of human behaviour. Because of such promisses, the theory of social representations took over the immagination of many european scholars, and research that refers to it in some way is abundant. However, there is also a darker side to the theory. It is incomplete and full of internal inconsistencies. Some authors repeatedly stress these points, but apparently without any considerable success. The theory of social representations has recently been presented in Slovenia (Vec, 1999, but without any serious attempt of evaluation and therefore, in my view, in an unsatisfactory way. Here I try to fill this gap, and so I focus on the logical structure of the theory and at its existing critiques. At the same time I try to explain the reasons for the theory's great popularity from a historical and socio-psychological point of view. In order to accomplish all that, I try to present the theory of social representations first, which — although already attempted many times — is by no means an easy task.

  12. «THE JOHN’S PENTECOST» IN CASSIAN BEZOBRAZOV AND SERGEI BULGAKOV

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    Alexey Emelyanov

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The author deals with a remote discussion about interpretation of Jn 20. 19–23 (Christ’s appearance after Resurrection and sending down the Holy Spirit to the apostles which took place between archpriest Sergei Bulgakov and archimandrite Cassian (Bezobrazov. Reasoning of both theologians for their opposite interpretations is reconstructed relying on two never published texts from the Archive of the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute in Paris. Both authors had been united in bonds of close friendship and long-term collaboration at the Saint-Serge. However, since the outbreak of the Sophia controversy archim. Cassian became a forced opponent of his senior colleague and spiritual father at once. Still his objections never were public and hostile. Fr. Cassian sought for a positive alternative to Bulgakov’s sophiological constructions. His exegetical reflections brought him to a hypothesis of the John’s Pentecost, substantiation of which followed his specific understanding of pneumatology of the fourth Gospel. While prejudicing the established opinion that Jn 20 relates a preliminary or preparatory bestowal of the Holy Spirit by Jesus, which precedes the foundation of the Church on the day of Pentecost, fr. Cassian endeavors to depict a particular approach of St. John to the mystery of Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension. Both theologians treated the same Gospel text differently when speaking about revelation of Christ’s dwelling in the world in the Holy Spirit. The author states that Bulgakov underestimated exegetical argumentation of his opponent. Fr. Cassian’s theological statement of appearance of the Son and the Spirit in unity was devoid of disputable sophiological component. Fr. Cassian pinpointed the Christ-centered aspect of the gift of the Holy Spirit. The discussion reviewed in the article permits to better understand positions of both authors and provides with additional information about the history of the so called

  13. Geochemistry of HASP, VLT, and other glasses from double drive tube 79001/2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindstrom, D. J.; Wentworth, S. J.; Martinez, R. R.; Mckay, D. S.

    1992-01-01

    The Apollo 17 double drive tube 79001/2 (station 9, Van Serg Crater) is distinctive because of its extreme maturity, abundance, and variety of glass clasts. It contains mare glasses of both high Ti and very low Ti (VLT) compositions, and highland glasses of all compositions common in lunar regolith samples: highland basalt (feldspathic; Al2O3 greater than 23 wt percent), KREEP (Al2O3 less than 23 wt percent, K2O greater than 0.25 wt percent), and low-K Fra Mauro (LKFM; Al2O3 less than 23 wt percent, K2O less than 0.25 wt percent). It also contains rare specimens of high-alumina, silica-poor (HASP), and ultra Mg glasses. HASP glasses contain insufficient SiO2 to permit the calculation of a standard norm, and are thought to be the product of volatilization during impact melting. They have been studied by electron microprobe major-element analysis techniques but have not previously been analyzed for trace elements. The samples analyzed for this study were polished grain mounts of the 90-160 micron fraction of four sieved samples from the 79001/2 core (depth range 2.3-11.5 cm). A total of 80 glasses were analyzed by SEM/EDS and electron microprobe, and a subset of 33 of the glasses, representing a wide range of compositional types, was chosen for high-sensitivity INAA. A microdrilling device removed disks (mostly 50-100 micron diameter, weighing approx. 0.1-0.5 micro-g) for INAA. Preliminary data reported here are based only on short counts done within two weeks of irradiation.

  14. Measuring illness insight in patients with alcohol-related cognitive dysfunction using the Q8 questionnaire: a validation study

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    Walvoort SJW

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Serge JW Walvoort,1–3 Paul T van der Heijden,3,4 Roy PC Kessels,1,2,5 Jos IM Egger1–3,6 1Centre of Excellence for Korsakoff and Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, 2Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, 3Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, 4Reinier van Arkel Mental Health Institute, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, 5Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, 6Centre of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, the Netherlands Aim: Impaired illness insight may hamper treatment outcome in patients with alcohol-related cognitive deficits. In this study, a short questionnaire for the assessment of illness insight (eg, the Q8 was investigated in patients with Korsakoff’s syndrome (KS and in alcohol use disorder (AUD patients with mild neurocognitive deficits. Methods: First, reliability coefficients were computed and internal structure was investigated. Then, comparisons were made between patients with KS and patients with AUD. Furthermore, correlations with the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX were investigated. Finally, Q8 total scores were correlated with neuropsychological tests for processing speed, memory, and executive function. Results: Internal consistency of the Q8 was acceptable (ie, Cronbach’s α =0.73. The Q8 items represent one factor, and scores differ significantly between AUD and KS patients. The Q8 total score, related to the DEX discrepancy score and scores on neuropsychological tests as was hypothesized, indicates that a higher degree of illness insight is associated with a higher level of cognitive functioning. Conclusion: The Q8 is a short, valid, and easy-to-administer questionnaire to reliably assess illness insight in patients with moderate-to-severe alcohol-related cognitive dysfunction. Keywords: illness insight, anosognosia, alcohol use disorder, Korsakoff

  15. Higher emotional intelligence is related to lower test anxiety among students

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    Ahmadpanah M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Ahmadpanah,1 Mohammadreza Keshavarz,1 Mohammad Haghighi,1 Leila Jahangard,1 Hafez Bajoghli,2 Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,3 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,4 1Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse, Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 2Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 4Department of Sport, Exercise and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: For students attending university courses, experiencing test anxiety (TA dramatically impairs cognitive performance and success at exams. Whereas TA is a specific case of social phobia, emotional intelligence (EI is an umbrella term covering interpersonal and intrapersonal skills, along with positive stress management, adaptability, and mood. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that higher EI and lower TA are associated. Further, sex differences were explored.Method: During an exam week, a total of 200 university students completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic information, TA, and EI.Results: Higher scores on EI traits were associated with lower TA scores. Relative to male participants, female participants reported higher TA scores, but not EI scores. Intrapersonal and interpersonal skills and mood predicted low TA, while sex, stress management, and adaptability were excluded from the equation.Conclusion: The pattern of results suggests that efforts to improve intrapersonal and interpersonal skills, and mood might benefit students with high TA. Specifically, social commitment might counteract TA. Keywords: test anxiety, emotional intelligence, students, interpersonal skills, intrapersonal skills

  16. Examining Dark Triad traits in relation to mental toughness and physical activity in young adults

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    Sabouri S

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sarah Sabouri,1 Markus Gerber,2 Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,3 Sakari Lemola,4 Peter J Clough,5 Nadeem Kalak,3 Mahin Shamsi,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand2,3 1Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, AllamehTabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, 3Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, 4Faculty of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 5Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK Objective: The Dark Triad (DT describes a set of three closely related personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Mental toughness (MT refers to a psychological construct combining confidence, commitment, control, and challenge. High MT is related to greater physical activity (PA and, relative to men, women have lower MT scores. The aims of the present study were 1 to investigate the association between DT, MT, and PA, and 2 to compare the DT, MT, and PA scores of men and women.Methods: A total of 341 adults (M=29 years; 51.6% women; range: 18–37 years took part in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing DT, MT, and PA.Results: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy were all significantly associated with higher MT scores (rs =0.45, 0.50, and 0.20, respectively. DT traits and MT were associated with more vigorous PA. Compared to men, women participants had lower scores for DT traits (overall score and psychopathy, while no differences were found for MT or PA in both sexes.Conclusion: DT traits, high MT, and vigorous PA are interrelated. This pattern of results might explain why, for instance, successful professional athletes can at the same time be tough and ruthless. Keywords: dark triad, mental toughness, physical activity, young adults, sex

  17. Isaias Alves e as aproximações entre a psicologia educacional e a educação matemática

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    Rafaela Silva Rabelo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Partindo do relatório de viagem aos Estados Unidos do educador baiano Isaias Alves, o presente artigo tem como objetivo explorar as aproximações entre a psicologia educacional e a educação matemática na década de 1930, e de que forma a primeira promoveu a circulação de teorias/autores na última, principalmente no que diz respeito ao intercâmbio entre Brasil e Estados Unidos. Enquanto aproximação teórico-metodológica, alguns dos conceitos operados são apropriação, circulação (de ideias/objetos/sujeitos e discurso autorizado, com base em autores como Roger Chartier (1990, 2002, 2009, Serge Gruzinski (2001a, 2001b e Michel de Certeau (2012. Além do relatório de viagem, outras fontes mobilizadas foram publicações de Isaias (livros e artigos, programas de ensino dos Institutos de Educação do Rio de Janeiro e de São Paulo, manuais pedagógicos e jornais disponíveis no acervo da Hemeroteca Digital da Biblioteca Nacional. Entre as constatações, percebe-se que o relatório de viagem de Isaias Alves deu visibilidade às discussões e publicações do psicólogo estadunidense Edward Lee Thorndike voltadas à educação matemática. Ainda, que o diálogo estabelecido entre a psicologia educacional e a educação matemática estava fortemente vinculado às discussões sobre testes e que a forma como Isaias Alves lia e dava a ler a educação matemática ocorria a partir do viés psicológico.

  18. ʻWhere danger is, there rescue growsʼ: Technology, Time, and Dromology in Tom McCarthy’s C

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    Joakim Wrethed

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available On one level, Tom McCarthy’s 'C' comes out as a postmodern intertextual patchwork that borrows the form of the 'Bildungsroman'. Accordingly, the protagonist Serge travels from birth to death in a forthrightly chronological narrative, but that journey is accompanied by the fact that the text’s modernist historical context is partly embedded in a posthuman and postmodern ontology. Technologically speaking, this version of modernity displays itself as 'technē', both in terms of artistic creation and as technology innovation (the radio transmitter, the car, the aeroplane, the cinema. Moreover, the novel equates technology with dromology (from Gr. 'dromos': race course dealing with increasing speed as economic and political advantage, but it also reveals its human downside in terms of disaster (war, car crash, aeroplane crash. Through the protagonist, C forwards technology as death drive and the human as always already being 'ahuman' ('technē' as primordial attribute of 'bios'. In terms of time, the narrative seemingly incarnates the occidental obsession with teleology and eschatology. This article goes through these dimensions, but in addition it contends that there is another level at work in the narrative. Considered as artistically rendered philosophical cognition, the novel puts forth the Stoic 'apathea' (equanimity, Husserlian flux, and anachronistic temporality as giving way to a peculiar kind of faith. This is closely tied to the artistic creativity of 'technē', including the activity of writing, which rescues a form of transcendence from conventional postmodern elimination. Dominant discourses of technology and time—apocalyptic and utopian—are challenged in this reading.

  19. Social representations of needlestick injuries Representaciones Sociales de los accidentes con materiales corto-punzantes Representações sociais dos acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes

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    Juliana Almeida Marques Lubenow

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: understand the Social Representations about needlestick injuries elaborated by Nursing Technicians and analyze how these representations influence their conducts. METHOD: the data, obtained by interviews, were processed using ALCESTE software and their analysis was based on Serge Moscovici's Social Representations Theory. RESULTS: it was evidenced that, after the accident, these professionals take care of the affected area. Then, they report the accident, motivated by the fear of catching HIV and hepatitis. The different feelings experienced are due to this fear and the way they were forwarded by the institution, reflecting in the cause they attribute to their accident. CONCLUSIONS: it was verified that knowledge about the accident as a whole is very incipient in this professional group, demanding continuing education and greater emphasis on this subject in professional training. It is expected that this study draws public authorities and health institutions' attention to the problem and that it modifies Nursing Technicians' Social Representations about percutaneous exposure.OBJETIVOS: Comprender las Representaciones Sociales de los accidentes con materiales corto-punzantes, elaboradas por Técnicos de Enfermería, así como analizar de que modo esas representaciones influencian las conductas de eses profesionales. MÉTODO: Los datos, logrados por medio de entrevistas, fueron procesados por el software ALCESTE y el análisis de los mismos fue basado en la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales de Serge Moscovici. RESULTADOS: se evidenció que, después de accidentarse, los Técnicos de Enfermería cuidan del área afectada. Enseguida, notifican el accidente, motivados por el miedo de que contraigan HIV y hepatitis. Los diversos sentimientos vividos son consecuentes de ese miedo y de la manera como fueron encaminados por la institución, reflejando en la causa que ellos atribuyen a su accidente. CONCLUSIONES: se constató que hay un

  20. Proceedings of the 2011 hydrocarbon annual days - Innovation, technological and human challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    .); - Workshop 14 - CO 2 capture and sequestration: Methodology for subsurface risk analysis (Bouc, O.); Integrated carbon management in an industrial basin (Le Gallo, Y.); TOTAL Rousse experience of CO 2 disposal in depleted offshore field (Monne, J.); - Plenary 4 - remarkable upstream innovations: Big stakes and innovations (Goulois, A.); Safety equipments (Allegre, D.); - Plenary 5: Gas industry

  1. The Challenge of Reconstructing "Failed" States Le défi de la reconstruction des États «faillis» : Quelles leçons tirer des erreurs commises en Afghanistan ? El desafío de la reconstrucción de estados fracasados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Michailof

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available While international aid has significantly increased its support for the reconstruction of fragile countries and "failed" states emerging from severe crises or civil war,  we begin today to realize that the disaster in Afghanistan is largely due to mistakes made by the Western coalition, and in particular, to the disorganization of its development support efforts in this country. In this uncompromising article, Serge Michailof undertakes a systematic analysis of international donors' mistakes in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2010. His purpose is to draw lessons that can be applied more broadly and thus avoid repeating the same mistakes in other contexts.After reminding the reader that aid efficiency in countries emerging from a crisis is a source of considerable disappointment, and that not only promises and flashy announcements but considerable financial resources are required to rebuild those countries, Serge Michailof next makes a candid analysis of donors’ poor performance in Afghanistan. He emphasizes the lack of a coherent strategy and clear goals to guide their actions. He stresses the fact that ensuring the safety of the people and providing a local administration is critical in these circumstances, although largely forgotten by donors. Since foreign forces cannot fulfill this need indefinitely, building reliable national security forces is essential. He then describes the consequences of the lack of coordination and strategic management of aid, which results in severe inconsistencies in resource allocation, and proposes a new aid model to address such deficiencies. From the Afghan case analysis, he draws general conclusions regarding the principles governing aid coordination in fragile countries and the inadequacy of the millennium development goals as a conceptual framework in such contexts. He stresses the dire consequences of approaches governed by donors' short-term concerns, which end up establishing a parallel donor

  2. Metajornalismo: do discurso normativo à autorreferencialidade como condição ética

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    Madalena Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available O reconhecimento do poder do jornalismo como atividade constitutiva, isto é, como prática que age sobre o curso da história, conduziu a uma necessidade crescente de refletir sobre a ética dos procedimentos de recolha e tratamento da informação. Alvo de críticas frequentes enunciadas por escritores e intelectuais que, no século XIX, encaravam o jornalismo como uma literatura rafeira, os jornalistas passaram, a partir da segunda metade do século XX, a estar sob o olhar escrutinador da sociedade. Se a sua condição sempre foi, de algum modo, a de “vigilantes” dos poderes instituídos, a de uma espécie de “novos cães de guarda”, no dizer de Serge Halimi (1998, com o tempo, a consciência de que a vigilância também pode ser encarada como o exercício de um poder contribuiu para uma ideia de que também seria necessário “vigiar os vigilantes”. Quer na perspetiva profissional quer na perspetiva científica, desenvolveu-se então um discurso profundamente normativo em relação ao jornalismo e aos jornalistas. A definição de um estatuto profissional específico arrastou consigo a fixação de códigos de ética e deontologia que atribuíram a esta atividade um sentido de dever ser. Em consequência, alargou-se a toda a opinião pública a perceção de que tanto a conduta dos jornalistas como os efeitos da produção jornalística e da ação dos média se inscrevem num conjunto de normas reguladoras que explicitam os limites da atividade. Neste artigo, revisitamos o percurso que conduziu a uma perspetiva normativista do jornalismo. Por outro lado, reconhecendo que o jornalismo ganhou progressivamente valor-notícia, retomamos o conceito de metajornalismo para explorar uma via alternativa ao discurso convencional da norma. Com efeito, ao considerar o jornalismo sobre o jornalismo como uma prática autorreferencial, tomamo-lo no avesso do exercício normativista, deslocando o paradigma dos estudos jornalísticos de uma

  3. The current state of physical activity and exercise programs in German-speaking, Swiss psychiatric hospitals: results from a brief online survey

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    Br

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Serge Brand,1,2 Flora Colledge,2 Nadja Beeler,2 Uwe Pühse,2 Nadeem Kalak,1 Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,1 Thorsten Mikoteit,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Markus Gerber2 1Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Physical activity and exercise programs (PAEPs are an important factor in increasing and maintaining physical and mental health. This holds particularly true for patients with psychiatric disorders undergoing treatment in a psychiatric hospital. To understand whether the benefits reported in the literature are mirrored in current treatment modalities, the aim of the present study was to assess the current state of PAEPs in psychiatric hospitals in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. Methods: All psychiatric hospitals (N=55 in the German-speaking part of Switzerland were contacted in spring 2014. Staff responsible for PAEPs were asked to complete an online questionnaire covering questions related to PAEPs such as type, frequency, staff training, treatment rationale, importance of PAEPs within the treatment strategy, and possible avenues to increase PAEPs. Results: Staff members of 48 different psychiatric hospitals completed the survey. Hospitals provided the following therapeutic treatments: relaxation techniques (100%, sports therapy (97%, activity-related psychotherapeutic interventions (95%, physiotherapy (85%, body therapies (59%, far-east techniques (57%, and hippotherapy (22%. Frequencies ranged from once/week to five times/week. Approximately 25% of patients participated in the PAEPs. Interventions were offered irrespective of psychiatric disorders. PAEP providers wanted and needed more vocational training. Conclusion: All participating psychiatric hospitals offer a broad variety of PAEPs in their treatment curricula. However, the majority of inpatients do not

  4. Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

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    Br

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Serge Brand,1,2,* Stefanie Jossen,2,* Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Uwe Pühse,2 Markus Gerber21Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS, 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland*These authors contributed equally to this work and share the first authorshipBackground: Prevalence rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD have increased dramatically in the last two decades. In addition to the core symptoms such as impaired communication, difficulties in social interaction, and restricted and stereotypical patterns of behavior and interests, poor sleep and motor skill (MS deficits have also been observed in children with ASD. On the other hand, there is evidence that aerobic exercise training (AET has a positive impact on sleep, and that specific training improves MSs. Accordingly, the aim of the present pilot study was to investigate to what extent a combination of AET and MS training (MST would improve sleep and physical performance in a small sample of children with ASD. Method: Ten children with ASD (mean age: 10 years took part in the study. After a thorough medical examination and psychiatric assessment, children participated in thrice-weekly 60-minute sessions of AET and MST lasting for 3 consecutive weeks. Sleep was assessed both objectively (sleep-encephalography [sleep-EEG] and subjectively (parents’ questionnaire. MSs were assessed via standardized test batteries. Parents completed sleep and mood logs, and ratings of mood. Results: Mild-to-moderate insomnia was reported in 70% of children. Compared to nights without previous AET and MS, on nights following AET and MS, sleep efficiency increased (d=1.07, sleep onset latency shortened (d=0.38, and wake time after sleep onset decreased for 63% of the sample (d=1.09, as assessed via sleep-EEG. Mood in the morning, as rated by parents, improved after three weeks (d=0

  5. Exercise is medicine for patients with major depressive disorders : but only if the “pill” is taken!

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    Gerber M

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Markus Gerber,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,2 Uwe Pühse,3 Serge Brand1,2 1Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport and Psychosocial Health, University of Basel, 2Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, 3Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport and Health Pedagogy, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Abstract: Major depressive disorders (MDDs are a widespread and burdensome mental illness associated with a high comorbidity with other conditions and a significantly reduced life expectancy compared to the general population. Therefore, targeted actions are needed to improve physical health in people with MDDs, in addition to ongoing efforts to enhance psychological well-being. Meanwhile, the positive effects of exercise training on the treatment of MDDs are well documented, while compelling evidence exists that exercise interventions can improve cardiorespiratory fitness in clinically meaningful ways. On the flipside, the long-term effects of exercise therapy are still not well documented, and recent studies suggest that initial improvements in MDDs dissipate if regular exercise participation is discontinued after the end of interventions. A recent survey among Swiss psychiatric hospitals further shows that all institutions provide some form of physical activity and exercise program. However, only a limited number of patients participate in these programs, mainly because participation is voluntary and no particular efforts are undertaken to engage patients with the lowest physical activity levels. We argue that more systematic efforts are needed to fully exploit the potential of physical activity and exercise programs in psychiatric care. We also emphasize that initiating and maintaining regular physical activity among psychiatric patients is a major challenge because specific dysfunctional cognitive–emotional processes might interfere with their

  6. Rosa damascena oil improves SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction in male patients suffering from major depressive disorders: results from a double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farnia V

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Vahid Farnia,1 Mehdi Shirzadifar,2 Jalal Shakeri,1 Mansour Rezaei,3 Hafez Bajoghli,4,5 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,6 Serge Brand6,7 1Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Psychiatry Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 2Student Research Center, Psychiatry Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 3Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 4Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand; 6Psychiatric Clinics of the Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 7Sport Science Section, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: A substantial disadvantage of psychopharmacological treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs is the impact on sexual dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the oil of Rosa damascena can have a positive influence on SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction (SSRI-I SD of male patients who are suffering from MDD and are being treated with SSRIs.Method: In a double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled clinical trial, a total of 60 male patients treated with an SSRI and suffering from MDD (mean age =32 years and SSRI-I SD were randomly assigned to take either verum (R. damascena oil or a placebo. Patients completed self-ratings of depression and sexual function at baseline, at 4 weeks later, and at the end of the study, 8 weeks after it started.Results: Over time, sexual dysfunction improved more in the verum group than in the control group. Improvements were observed in the verum group from week 4 to week

  7. Validity and test–retest reliability of the Persian version of the Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale

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    Ahmadpanah M

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Ahmadpanah,1 Meisam Sheikhbabaei,1 Mohammad Haghighi,1 Fatemeh Roham,1 Leila Jahangard,1 Amineh Akhondi,2 Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,3 Hafez Bajoghli,4 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,5 1Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 2Hamadan Educational Organization, Ministry of Education, Hamadan, Iran; 3Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 4Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Department of Sport, Exercise and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background and aims: The Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS is an expert’s rating tool to assess the severity and symptoms of depression. The aim of the present two studies was to validate the Persian version of the MADRS and determine its test–retest reliability in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorders (MDD. Methods: In study 1, the translated MADRS and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS were applied to 210 patients diagnosed with MDD and 100 healthy adults. In study 2,200 patients diagnosed with MDD were assessed with the MADRS in face-to-face interviews. Thereafter, 100 patients were assessed 3–14 days later, again via face-to-face-interviews, while the other 100 patients were assessed 3–14 days later via a telephone interview. Results: Study 1: The MADRS and HDRS scores between patients with MDD and healthy controls differed significantly. Agreement between scoring of the MADRS and HDRS was high (r=0.95. Study 2: The intraclass correlation coefficient (test–retest reliability was r=0.944 for the face-to-face interviews, and r=0.959 for the telephone interviews. Conclusion: The present data suggest that the Persian MADRS has high validity and excellent test–retest reliability over

  8. Korsakoff’s syndrome: a critical review

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    Arts NJM

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Nicolaas JM Arts,1,2 Serge JW Walvoort,1 Roy PC Kessels1,3,4 1Centre of Excellence for Korsakoff and Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, 2Neuropsychiatry Center Thalamus, Institution for Integrated Mental Health Care Pro Persona, Wolfheze, 3Department of Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, 4Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands Abstract: In this review, we present a survey on Korsakoff’s syndrome (KS, a residual syndrome in patients who suffered from a Wernicke encephalopathy (WE that is predominantly characterized by global amnesia, and in more severe cases also by cognitive and behavioral dysfunction. We describe the history of KS and its definition, its epidemiology, and the lack of consensus criteria for its diagnosis. The cognitive and behavioral symptoms of KS, which include anterograde and retrograde amnesia, executive dysfunction, confabulation, apathy, as well as affective and social-cognitive impairments, are discussed. Moreover, recent insights into the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms of these symptoms are presented. In addition, the evidence so far on the etiology of KS is examined, highlighting the role of thiamine and alcohol and discussing the continuity hypothesis. Furthermore, the neuropathology of KS is reviewed, focusing on abnormalities in the diencephalon, including the mammillary bodies and thalamic nuclei. Pharmacological treatment options and nonpharmacological interventions, such as those based on cognitive rehabilitation, are discussed. Our review shows that thiamine deficiency (TD is a crucial factor in the etiology of KS. Although alcohol abuse is by far the most important context in which TD occurs, there is no convincing evidence for an essential contribution of ethanol neurotoxicity (EN to the development of WE or to

  9. Risk factor assessment in high-risk, bacillus Calmette–Guérin-treated, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer

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    Holz S

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Serge Holz,* Simone Albisinni,* Jacques Gilsoul, Michel Pirson, Véronique Duthie, Thierry Quackels, Marc Vanden Bossche, Thierry Roumeguère Department of Urology, Erasme Hospital, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: To assess the risk factors associated with recurrence, progression and survival in high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC patients treated with bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG and validate the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC and Spanish Urological Club for Oncological Treatment (CUETO scores.Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed all BCG-treated NMIBC patients from 1998 to 2012. Multiple variables were tested as risk factors for recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival (PFS. Variables included age, sex, grade, stage, tumor size, number of tumors, carcinoma in situ (CIS, recurrence status, BCG strain used, smoking status, use of re-staging transurethral resection and use of single immediate postoperative instillation. We also tested the accuracy of EORTC and CUETO scores in predicting recurrence and progression.Results: Overall, 123 patients were analyzed. Median (interquartile range follow-up was 49 months. The 5-year overall survival, cancer-specific survival, recurrence-free survival and PFS were 75.0%, 89.3%, 59.4% and 79.2%, respectively. On univariate analysis, multiple tumors (≥3, concomitant CIS and smoking influenced recurrence. Regarding progression, multiple tumors, concomitant CIS and Connaught strain (vs Tice negatively influenced PFS on univariate and multivariate analyses were independent prognostic factors. CUETO scores were accurate, with a slight overestimation, while EORTC score was not predictive of recurrence or progression.Conclusion: In this study, CIS and tumor multiplicity were unfavorable predictors of recurrence and progression in patients with NMIBC receiving BCG

  10. Health-resource use and costs associated with fibromyalgia in France, Germany, and the United States

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    Chandran A

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tyler Knight,1 Caroline Schaefer,1 Arthi Chandran,2 Gergana Zlateva,2 Andreas Winkelmann,3 Serge Perrot4 1Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Covance Market Access Services, Gaithersburg, MD, USA; 2Primary Care Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Pfizer Global Health Economics, New York, NY, USA; 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital Munich, Munich, Germany; 4Service de Médecine Interne et Thérapeutique, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France Background: Fibromyalgia (FM is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread, persistent pain. Prospective and retrospective studies have demonstrated substantial health-care costs associated with FM in a number of countries. This study evaluated and compared health-resource use (HRU and associated costs related to FM in routine clinical practice across the US, France, and Germany. Methods: Two separate, cross-sectional, observational studies of subjects with FM were conducted: one in the US and one in France and Germany. HRU related to prescription medication, physician office visits, diagnostic tests, and hospitalizations was abstracted from chart review; patient out-of-pocket costs and lost productivity were collected via subject self-report. Costs were assigned to HRU based on standard algorithms. Direct and indirect costs were evaluated and compared by simple linear regression. Results: A total of 442 subjects (203 US, 70 France, 169 Germany with FM were analyzed. The mean (standard deviation age in the US, France, and Germany was 47.9 (10.9, 51.2 (9.5, and 49.2 (9.8, respectively (P = 0.085. Most subjects were female (95% US, 83% France, 80% Germany (P < 0.001. Adjusted annual direct costs per subject for FM were significantly higher in the US ($7087 than in France ($481, P < 0.001 or Germany ($2417, P < 0.001. Adjusted mean annual indirect costs per subject for FM were lower in the US ($6431 than in France ($8718 or Germany ($10,001, but represented

  11. Hip muscle and hand-grip strength to differentiate between older fallers and non-fallers: a cross-sectional validity study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gafner SC

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Simone C Gafner,1,2 Caroline H Bastiaenen,2,3 Serge Ferrari,4 Gabriel Gold,5 Philippe Terrier,6,7 Roger Hilfiker,8 Lara Allet1,91Department of Physiotherapy, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Western Switzerland, Geneva, Switzerland; 2Department of Epidemiology, Research Program Functioning and Rehabilitation, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands; 3Department of Health, School of Health Professions, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, 4Department of Internal Medicine Specialties, 5Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, 6Department of Research, Clinique romande de réadaptation SUVACare, 7Department of Research, Institute for Research in Rehabilitation, Sion, 8Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, HES-SO Valais-Wallis, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Western Switzerland, Valais, 9Department of Community Medicine, University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland Background: Hip muscle weakness in older people seems to be an influencing factor of falls. Currently, it is unclear which muscles out of the hip muscle group play an important role in older people. A validating process in the measurement regarding muscle strength related to falls is necessary before answering that question.Objective: Firstly, we aimed to investigate which hip muscle group strength shows an acceptable level of distinction between older adult fallers and non-fallers compared to a predefined external criterion regarding falling. Secondly, we aimed to compare the same outcomes and questions for hand-grip strength in relation to the same external criterion.Design: This study was a cross-sectional validity study.Methods: The maximum voluntary isometric strength (MVIS and the rate of force generation of hip abductors (ABD, adductors, internal and external rotators, extensors, and flexors were measured

  12. PREFACE: Anti-counterfeit Image Analysis Methods (A Special Session of ICSXII)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javidi, B.; Fournel, T.

    2007-06-01

    The International Congress for Stereology is dedicated to theoretical and applied aspects of stochastic tools, image analysis and mathematical morphology. A special emphasis on `anti-counterfeit image analysis methods' has been given this year for the XIIth edition (ICSXII). Facing the economic and social threat of counterfeiting, this devoted session presents recent advances and original solutions in the field. A first group of methods are related to marks located either on the product (physical marks) or on the data (hidden information) to be protected. These methods concern laser fs 3D encoding and source separation for machine-readable identification, moiré and `guilloche' engraving for visual verification and watermarking. Machine-readable travel documents are well-suited examples introducing the second group of methods which are related to cryptography. Used in passports for data authentication and identification (of people), cryptography provides some powerful tools. Opto-digital processing allows some efficient implementations described in the papers and promising applications. We would like to thank the reviewers who have contributed to a session of high quality, and the authors for their fine and hard work. We would like to address some special thanks to the invited lecturers, namely Professor Roger Hersch and Dr Isaac Amidror for their survey of moiré methods, Prof. Serge Vaudenay for his survey of existing protocols concerning machine-readable travel documents, and Dr Elisabet Pérez-Cabré for her presentation on optical encryption for multifactor authentication. We also thank Professor Dominique Jeulin, President of the International Society for Stereology, Professor Michel Jourlin, President of the organizing committee of ICSXII, for their help and advice, and Mr Graham Douglas, the Publisher of Journal of Physics: Conference Series at IOP Publishing, for his efficiency. We hope that this collection of papers will be useful as a tool to further

  13. Sinatra, He3nry und andere moderne Enzyklopädisten. Synchron und diachron vergleichende Anmerkungen zur Eigen- und Fremdbenennung von Wikipedia-Autoren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzega, Joachim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the formation of authors' pseudonyms in the English, German, French, Italian and Spanish versions of the Internet encyclopedia Wikipedia. 694 semi-randomly collected Wikipedia usernames ("nicknames" are checked against traditional classifications of pseudonyms and compared to a semi-randomly collected corpus of 607 pseudonyms of English, German, French, Italian and Spanish writers of the 18th and 19th centuries (who published, at least in part, non-fictional works. The main results of the diachronic comparison are the following: (1 Qualitatively, typical modern phenomena are the replacement of letters by similar-looking special characters (called leetspeak, e. g. Serg!o for Sergio, the use of abstract nouns, the use of non-standard forms, deacronymization (e. g. when a Spanish Wikipedian's initials FG become Efegé, and the formation of nicknames from Wikipedia pseudonyms on users' discussion pages ("nick-nicknames". (2 Qualitatively, typical historical phenomena are the use of symbols not easily representable on modern (Latin keyboards (e. g. musical notes and Greek letters. (3 Quantitatively, there is a clear decrease in the use of Latin elements in pseudonyms. A cross-linguistic comparison of Wikipedia nicknames leads to the following characteristic features of the different Wikipedia communities: (a English Wikipedia nicknames show the highest amount of non-onymic elements and numbers and the lowest amount of nicknames with foreign elements. (b French-speaking Wikipedians use the lowest amount of numbers in their nicknames and are the least informative as regards telling the motivation behind their usernames. (c Italian-speaking Wikipedians are the most open to tell about the motivation behind their usernames, use relatively few non-onymic elements in their nicknames, but are very productive as to forming nicknicknames. (d Spanish-speaking Wikipedians use relatively few appellative lexemes, are the most reserved as to

  14. Fixed-dose combinations at the front line of multimodal pain management: perspective of the nurse-prescriber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O'Brien J

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Joanne O’Brien,1 Joseph V Pergolizzi Jr,2 Mart van de Laar3, Hans-Ulrich Mellinghoff,4 Ignacio Morón Merchante,5 Srinivas Nalamachu,6 Serge Perrot,7 Robert B Raffa81Department of Pain Medicine, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, Dublin, Ireland; 2Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Association of Chronic Pain Patients, Houston, TX; Department of Pharmacology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 3Arthritis Center Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands; 4Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Osteology, Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland; 5Centro de Salud Universitario Goya, Madrid, Spain; 6Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, and International Clinic Research, Leawood, KS, USA; 7Service de Médecine Interne et Consultation de la Douleur, Hôpital Hotel Dieu, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; 8Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Temple University School of Pharmacy, Philadelphia PA, USAAbstract: Pain should be treated promptly and effectively to restore the patient to full function, avoid pain chronification, and preserve quality of life. A recent pain specialists' meeting discussed the use of different pharmacological treatment options, such as topical analgesics, nonopioid agents (such as paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, weak and strong opioids, and fixed-dose combination products in the management of moderate to severe pain from different etiologies. One of the topics discussed in, and subsequent to, this meeting was the role of fixed-dose combination products for nurse-prescribers who are in many ways at the front line of managing both acute and chronic pain syndromes. The panel agreed that proper product selection should take into account the patient's age, condition, type of pain, and comorbidities, as well as balance safety with effectiveness. Although nurse-prescribers need to be aware of cumulative paracetamol dosing, fixed

  15. PURA POESIA, AUTOBIOGRAFIA E AUTOFICÇÃO EM MANUEL BANDEIRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aída Maria Jorge Ribeiro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa a descobrir, sobretudo, aplicações para os conceitos de autobiografia e autoficção, respectivamente, apresentados em textos de crítica literária dos escritores Philippe Lejeune e Serge Doubrovsky, a partir da leitura da biografia literária de Manuel Bandeira, Itinerário de Pasárgada (1967. Segundo os críticos em questão, para que seus respectivos conceitos sejam aplicados é preciso haver coincidência entre autor, narrador e personagem. Estabelece-se um contrato. Entenderemos, assim, que toda biografia, sendo uma linguagem também artística, trairia a realidade, pelos seus esquecimentos, supressões e omissões. A possibilidade de recortes faria, então, de toda autobiografia uma autoficção. Em Itinerário de Pasárgada, encontramos uma coincidência entre autor, narrador e personagem, uma biografia, que, em princípio, possui um compromisso com a verdade, com o real, mas que é adjetivada por um elemento fictício: de Pasárgada. Itinerário de Pasárgada, de Manuel Bandeira, é considerada a primeira biografia estritamente literária que se publica no Brasil. Ora, biografia (real literária (ficção? O “eu – poético” vai-se esfacelando pela percepção do leitor que encontra as incoerências, as lacunas de uma possível realidade. Bandeira era realmente simples, pessimista e doente? Ou será que seus versos, independentemente de tais dados serem reais ou não, parecem penetrantes, sublimes em sua simplicidade? Muitas vezes, pela impossibilidade de comprovação de dados biográficos - e para não tirarmos o poder de transformação, de encenação, de ficcionalização, de literário do poema - não seria ideal interpretarmos a obra sem tais aportes? Ficção, realidade, cada vez mais juntas, na carência de verdades e ilusões.

  16. The effect of errorless learning on quality of life in patients with Korsakoff’s syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rensen YCM

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Yvonne CM Rensen,1 Jos IM Egger,2,3 Josette Westhoff,1 Serge JW Walvoort,1 Roy PC Kessels1,3,4 1Center of Excellence for Korsakoff and Alcohol-Related Cognitive Disorders, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, the Netherlands; 2Center of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, the Netherlands; 3Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behavior, Radboud University, Nijmegen, 4Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands Background: Errorless learning (EL is a promising rehabilitation principle for (relearning instrumental activities in patients with amnesia, including patients with Korsakoff’s syndrome (KS. Successfully (relearning tasks might improve the sense of competence and independence, and subsequently the quality of life. Quality of life in patients with KS has received limited attention, and no studies have been conducted to experimentally examine the effect of EL on quality of life in patients in this patient group. Materials and methods: The QUALIDEM, an observation scale for quality of life, was completed by professional nurses before and after EL training in a group of fifty-one patients with KS. This scale was also completed for a group of thirty-one control patients receiving care as usual but no EL training. Results: Quality of life was significantly increased on eight of the nine subscales in the Korsakoff group who participated in an EL training. There was a trend toward a significant increase in “positive affect” (ie, the ninth subscale. In contrast, no changes over time were found on any of the subscales in the control group that did not participate in any EL training. Conclusion: Despite severe memory impairments, patients with KS still have the potential to (partially (relearn tasks using EL. This potential should be exploited, as the successes of (re-learning might improve the quality of life of Korsakoff

  17. Interchangeability of the Wii Balance Board for Bipedal Balance Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnechère, Bruno; Jansen, Bart; Omelina, Lubos; Rooze, Marcel; Van Sint Jan, Serge

    2015-08-27

    ). ©Bruno Bonnechère, Bart Jansen, Lubos Omelina, Marcel Rooze, Serge Van Sint Jan. Originally published in JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology (http://rehab.jmir.org), 27.08.2015.

  18. The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy with respect to psychological symptoms and recovering autobiographical memory in patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbarian F

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Fatemehsadat Akbarian,1 Hafez Bajoghli,2,3 Mohammad Haghighi,4 Nadeem Kalak,5 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,5 Serge Brand5,6 1Psychology and Counseling Organization of Iran, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 2Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Nakhonpathom, Thailand; 4Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 5Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 6Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Objectives: Given the persistence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD and its major impact on everyday life, it is important to identify effective treatments. In additional to pharmacological treatments, psychotherapeutic treatments are also highly effective. The aim of the present study was to investigate, among a sample of patients suffering from PTSD, the influence of an additional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT intervention on their symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety, and on autobiographical memory. Methods: A total of 40 patients suffering from PTSD (mean age: 31.64 years; 78.6% female patients and under psychopharmacological treatment were randomly assigned to an intervention or control condition. The intervention consisted of ten group sessions (one 60–90 minute session per week of CBT. At baseline and 10 weeks later, a series of self-rating and experts’-rating questionnaires were completed. Results: Over time, symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety decreased; however, greater improvement was observed in the experimental than the control condition. Likewise, as a general pattern of results, memory

  19. Perfectionism related to self-reported insomnia severity, but not when controlled for stress and emotion regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Br

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Serge Brand,1,2 Roumen Kirov,3 Nadeem Kalak,1 Markus Gerber,2 Uwe Pühse,2 Sakari Lemola,4 Christoph U Correll,5 Samuele Cortese,6–8 Till Meyer,1 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler1 1Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS, Basel, Switzerland; 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Institute of Neurobiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria; 4Faculty of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 5Division of Psychiatric Research, North Shore – Long Island Jewish Health System, Zucker Hillside Hospital, NY, USA; 6School of Medicine, University of Nottingham UK; 7Centre for ADHD and Neuro-developmental Disorders Across Lifespan, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham UK; 8New York University Child Study Centre, New York, NY, USA Background: Perfectionism is understood as a set of personality traits such as unrealistically high and rigid standards for performance, fear of failure, and excessive self-criticism. Previous studies showed a direct association between increased perfectionism and poor sleep, though without taking into account possible mediating factors. Here, we tested the hypothesis that perfectionism was directly associated with poor sleep, and that this association collapsed, if mediating factors such as stress and poor emotion regulation were taken into account. Methods: Three hundred and forty six young adult students (M=23.87 years completed questionnaires relating to perfectionism traits, sleep, and psychological functioning such as stress perception, coping with stress, emotion regulation, and mental toughness. Results: Perfectionism was directly associated with poor sleep and poor psychological functioning. When stress, poor coping, and poor emotion regulation were entered in the equation, perfectionism traits no longer contributed substantively to the explanation

  20. 13th European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis (ACD 2016)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    13 th European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis The 13th European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis (ACD 2016), www.acd2016.eu took place at Hautes Etrudes d’Ingénieur (HEI), Lille, France, on November 17-18, 2016. The annual European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis has been organized since 2003 by Control Engineering departments of several European universities in Germany, France, the UK, Poland, Italy, Hungary, Denmark and Czech Republic, to bring together senior and junior academics and engineers from diverse fields of automatic control, fault detection, and signal processing. The workshop provides an opportunity for researchers and developers to present their recent theoretical developments, practical applications, or even open problems. It also offers a great opportunity for industrial partners to express their needs and priorities and to review the current activities in the fields. A total of 100 papers have been submitted for ACD 2016. Based on the peer reviews 71 papers were accepted for oral presentation, 4 papers withdrawn, 3 papers not presented. The accepted papers covered areas of Fault Diagnosis, Estimation and Observation, Fault Tolerant Control, Predictive Control, Robust Control, Control Theory, fractional order systems, Modeling and Data °Processing, Software tools and code generation. In addition, four excellent plenary lectures were delivered by experts on their domain: Ir. Serge Legonidec from the company Airbus Safran Launchers, France : An overview of connections between scientific automatic topics and their applications in the propulsive systems, Dr. Ir. Jan-Willem Van Wingerden, Technical University of Delft, Nederland : Wind Energy Control Research, Prof. Sarah Spurgeon, University College London, UK: On discontinuous Observers: From Basic Properties to a Robust Fault Detection and Condition Monitoring Tool, Dr. Joseph-Julien Yame, University of Lorraine, Nancy, France : Data Driven Fault Tolerant Control

  1. Interstitial diffuse radiance spectroscopy of gold nanocages and nanorods in bulk muscle tissues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grabtchak S

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Serge Grabtchak,1,2 Logan G Montgomery,1 Bo Pang,3,4 Yi Wang,4,5 Chao Zhang,6,7 Zhiyuan Li,6,7 Younan Xia,4,8 William M Whelan1,91Department of Physics, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada; 2Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada; 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 4The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; 5Key Laboratory of Green Synthesis and Applications, College of Chemistry, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 6Laboratory of Optical Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 7College of Physics and Optoelectronics, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 8School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA; 9Atlantic Veterinary College, Charlottetown, PEI, CanadaAbstract: Radiance spectroscopy was applied to the interstitial detection of localized inclusions containing Au nanocages or nanorods with various concentrations embedded in porcine muscle phantoms. The radiance was quantified using a perturbation approach, which enabled the separation of contributions from the porcine phantom and the localized inclusion, with the inclusion serving as a perturbation probe of photon distributions in the turbid medium. Positioning the inclusion at various places in the phantom allowed for tracking of photons that originated from a light source, passed through the inclusion’s location, and reached a detector. The inclusions with high extinction coefficients were able to absorb nearly all photons in the range of 650–900 nm, leading to a spectrally flat radiance signal. This signal could be

  2. Key determinants of induced abortion in women seeking postabortion care in hospital facilities in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilboudo PGC

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Patrick GC Ilboudo,1–3 Serge MA Somda,4 Johanne Sundby3 1Département de Santé Publique, Unité de Recherche sur les Politiques et Systèmes de Santé, Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 2Agence de Formation, de Recherche et d'Expertise en Santé pour l'Afrique (AFRICSanté, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 3Department of Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; 4Département des Maladies Non Transmissibles, Unité de Formation et d'Appui Méthodologique, Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso Introduction: Despite the universal recognition of unsafe abortion as a major public health problem, very little research has been conducted to document its precipitating factors in Burkina Faso. Our aim was to investigate the key determinants of induced abortion in a sample of women who sought postabortion care. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional household survey was carried out from February to September 2012 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Data of 37 women who had had an induced abortion and 267 women who had had a spontaneous abortion were prospectively collected on sociodemographic characteristics, pregnancy and birth history, abortion experience, including previous abortion experience, and selected clinical information, including the type of abortion. A two-step regression analysis consisting of a univariate and a multivariate logistic regression was run on Stata version 11.2 in order to identify the key determinants of induced abortion. Results: The findings indicated that 12% of all abortions were certainly induced. Three key factors were significantly and positively associated with the probability of having an induced abortion: whether the woman reported that her pregnancy was unwanted (odds ratio [OR] 10.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.59–30.41; whether the woman reported was living in a household headed by her parents (OR 6.83, 95% CI 2.42–19.24; and if the woman reported was divorced or widowed (OR 3.47, 95

  3. Ampicillin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae from COPD patients in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maddi S

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Satyanarayana Maddi,1 Umme Kolsum,1 Sarah Jackson,1 Richard Barraclough,2 Barbara Maschera,3 Karen D Simpson,3 Thierry G Pascal,4 Serge Durviaux,4 Edith M Hessel,3 Dave Singh1 1Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, Medicines Evaluation Unit, University Hospital of South Manchester Foundation Trust, University of Manchester, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital of South Manchester Foundation Trust, Manchester, 3Refractory Respiratory Inflammation DPU, GlaxoSmithKline Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK; 4Clinical Laboratory Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines, Wavre, Belgium Background: Haemophilus influenzae is commonly isolated from the airways of COPD patients. Antibiotic treatment may cause the emergence of resistant H. influenzae strains, particularly ampicillin-resistant strains, including β-lactamase-negative ampicillin resistance (BLNAR strains. Genetic identification using ftsI sequencing is the optimum method for identifying mutations within BLNAR strains. The prevalence of BLNAR in COPD patients during the stable state has not been reported. We investigated the antibiotic resistance patterns of H. influenzae present in the sputum of stable COPD patients, focusing on ampicillin resistance; the prevalence of enzyme and non-enzyme-mediated ampicillin resistance was determined. A subset of patients was followed up longitudinally to study H. influenzae strain switching and antibiotic sensitivity changes.Patients and methods: Sputum sampling was performed in 61 COPD patients, with 42 samples obtained at baseline; H. influenzae was detected by polymerase chain reaction in 28 samples. In all, 45 patients completed the follow-up for 2 years; 24 H. influenzae isolates were obtained.Results: Disk diffusion showed the highest antibiotic resistance in the penicillin antibiotic group (eg, 67% for ampicillin and macrolides (eg, 46% for erythromycin, whereas all isolates were susceptible to

  4. Teoria das representações sociais nos estudos organizacionais no Brasil: análise bibliométrica de 2001 a 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla de Oliveira Martins-Silva

    Full Text Available Resumo A teoria das representações sociais (TRS, proposta por Serge Moscovici na década de 1960, tem passado por um processo de crescimento e expansão, deixando de ser um corpo de conhecimento da psicologia social para alcançar diversos campos e áreas do conhecimento. Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar os resultados de uma pesquisa bibliométrica acerca da produção científica que envolve a utilização da TRS no campo dos estudos organizacionais (EO, referente ao período de 2001 a 2014. Foram investigadas publicações em eventos científicos organizados pela Associação Nacional de Programas de Pós-Graduação em Administração (ANPAD e em periódicos brasileiros classificados nos estratos A1, A2 e B1 do Qualis Capes, para a área Administração, Ciências Contábeis e Turismo, relacionados aos EO. Foram identificados 90 artigos, dos quais 67 foram publicados em 7 eventos científicos (do total de 27 edições e 23 foram publicados em 6 periódicos. Deste total, 83 são de natureza teórico-empírica e apenas 7 são teóricos. A pesquisa bibliométrica permitiu identificar que a utilização da TRS nos EO ainda é incipiente e que, nos artigos investigados, os autores utilizam a TRS de forma superficial, sem explorar o potencial que essa teoria proporciona para a compreensão dos fenômenos sociais. Além disso, foi possível constatar nos textos investigados algumas inconsistências teóricas e metodológicas no uso da TRS, merecendo destaque o tratamento equivocado dos objetos representacionais, a adaptação reducionista do conceito de representações sociais (RS e a utilização da TRS como método de pesquisa. Como contribuição, aponta-se a necessidade de evolução e amadurecimento da TRS nos EO, tanto em termos quantitativos como qualitativos.

  5. Mental toughness, sleep disturbances, and physical activity in patients with multiple sclerosis compared to healthy adolescents and young adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadeghi Bahmani D

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,1 Markus Gerber,2 Nadeem Kalak,1 Sakari Lemola,3 Peter J Clough,4 Pasquale Calabrese,5 Vahid Shaygannejad,6 Uwe Pühse,2 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Serge Brand1,2 1Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, 4Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK; 5Division of Molecular and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 6Department of Neurology and Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, afflicting both the body and mind. The risk of suffering from MS is 2.5–3.5 times greater in females than in males. While there is extant research on fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment in patients with MS during its clinical course, there is a lack of research focusing on sleep, psychological functioning, and physical activity (PA at the point of disease onset. The aims of the present study were therefore, to assess the markers of mental toughness (MT as a dimension of psychological functioning, sleep disturbances (SD, and PA among patients at the moment of disease onset and to compare these with the corresponding values for healthy adolescents and young adults. Methods: A total of 23 patients with MS at disease onset (mean age =32.31 years; 91% females, 23 healthy adolescents (mean age =17.43 years; 82% females, and 25 healthy young adults (mean age =20.72 years; 80% females took part in the study. They completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, MT, SD, and PA. Results: Patients with MS had similar scores for MT traits as those in healthy

  6. National choices in a European perspective. Proceedings of the European Forum 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sido, Bruno; Lamoureux, Francois; ); Herzog, Philippe; ); Barre, Bertrand; Bataille, Christian; Colombani, Pascal; Gonzalez Gomez, Jose Luis; Lescoeur, DBruno; Perez, Serge; Weh, Rudolf; Westerlind, Magnus; Houssin, Didier; Nagashima, Hideo; Pavlopoulos, Panagiotis; Linkohr, Rolf; ); Allemeersch, Antoine; Beveridge, George; Bonnemains, Jacky; Fritschi, Markus; Piguet, Jack-Pierre; Rigny, Paul; Streydio, Jean-Marie; Tallec, Michele; Vasa, Ivo; Pancher, Bertrand

    2003-01-01

    In 2003, the 'Entretiens europeens' engaged a dialogue between stakeholders of various socio-professional backgrounds from several countries and with the European Commission, in order to compare the selected options of management of radioactive waste and materials and to emphasize the best experiments, which could inspire an innovating European policy in the world. This document is the proceedings of this first European Forum on this topic. Content: 1 - Introduction by Bruno Sido, senator and chairman of the County Council of Haute-Marne; 2 - talk by Francois Lamoureux, General Director of DG TREN, European Commission. 3 - Debate with the audience. 4 - First round table chaired by Philippe Herzog, Member of the European Parliament and President of Confrontations Europe: Is a European directive feasible? Within what time frame? What flexibility is required? What democratic process is needed? With the contributions from: Bertrand Barre, Manager in charge of Scientific Communications (AREVA), Christian Bataille, Member of the French Parliament, author of the 'Bataille Law', Pascal Colombani, Administrator, British Energy (nuclear power producer in UK), Jose Luis Gonzalez Gomez, ENRESA (Spain), Bruno Lescoeur, Director of the Energy sector, EDF, Serge Perez, Trade Unionist, Member of the National Bureau, FNME CGT (France), Rudolf Weh, Head of Department Spent Fuel and Waste Management Services/Interim Storage, GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH (Germany), Magnus Westerlind, Manager Nuclear Security, SKI (Sweden). 5 - Hearing Didier Houssin, Director, Raw Materials and Hydrocarbons, DGEMP. 6 - Interventions of Hideo Nagashima, Executive Director, NUMO (Japan) and of Panagiotis Pavlopoulos, Research Director CERN, Geneva. 7 - Second round table chaired by Rolf Linkohr, Member of the European Parliament and chairman of European Energy Foundation: 'The scientific and social importance of the various options for the management of nuclear waste' With the contributions

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.J.M. Selier

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available - M.A. van Bakel, H. Esen-Baur, Untersuchungen über den vogelmann-kult auf der Osterinsel, 1983, Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, 399 pp. - Leen Boer, Bronislaw Malinowski, Malinowski in Mexico. The economics of a Mexican market system, edited and with an introduction by Susan Drucker-Brown, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1982 (International Library of Anthropology., Julio de la Fuente (eds. - A.P. Borsboom, Betty Meehan, Shell bed to shell midden, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra, 1982. - H.J.M. Claessen, Peter Geschiere, Village communities and the state. Changing relations among the Maka of Southeastern Cameroon since the colonial conquest. Monographs of the African Studies Centre, Leiden. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd. 1982. 512 pp. Appendices, index, bibliography, etc. - H.J.M. Claessen, Jukka Siikala, Cult and conflict in tropical Polynesia; A study of traditional religion, Christianity and Nativistic movements, Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1982, 308 pp. Maps, figs., bibliography. - H.J.M. Claessen, Alain Testart, Les Chasseurs-Cueilleurs ou l’Origine des Inégalités, Mémoires de la Sociéte d’Ethnographie 26, Paris 1982. 254 pp., maps, bibliography and figures. - Walter Dostal, Frederik Barth, Sohar - Culture and society in an Omani town. Baltimore - London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983, 264 pp., ill. - Benno Galjart, G.J. Kruyer, Bevrijdingswetenschap. Een partijdige visie op de Derde Wereld [Emancipatory Science. A partisan view of the Third World], Meppel: Boom, 1983. - Sjaak van der Geest, Christine Okali, Cocoa and kinship in Ghana: The matrilineal Akan of Ghana. London: Kegan Paul International (in association with the International African Institute, 1983. 179 pp., tables, index. - Serge Genest, Claude Tardits, Contribution de la recherche ethnologique à l’histoire des civilisations du Cameroun / The contribution of enthnological research to the history of Cameroun cultures

  8. 3. forum of radiation protection sciences - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-10-01

    - Remote dosimetry by optical fiber - OSL system (Sylvain Magne, CEA Saclay, Gerard Paut, CEA Valrho); 20 - Remote-intervention means and nuclear measurements (Christophe Le Goaller, CEA Valrho); 21 - Concrete examples of the contribution of new nuclear measurement technologies prior to and during operations (Dominique Pierre, Cogema Marcoule); 22 - Evaluation of the resuspension coefficient during the use of cutting techniques for dismantling (Guy Pilot, IRSN/DPEA Saclay); 23 - Decommissioning of the CERN-LEP (Marco Silari, CERN Switzerland); 24 - Method of buildings decommissioning at nuclear sites (Benoit Marc, Techman Industrie); Poster session: P01 - Impact of tele-operated solutions on radiation protection issues (Yves Chardard, Cybernetix); P02 - Nuclear facilities dismantling - Banco system, the solution for wastes and deconstruction materials control (Jean Francois Moreau, H. Blein, SAPHYMO); P03 - Vitrification process for special wastes (Dominique Declercq, F. Lhopital, Spie Thermatome); P04 - Preliminary verification of cleansing sites homogeneity and sampling representativeness (Stephane Dogny, Serge Amoravain, Cogema Marcoule); P05 - Destruction process and system for organic materials in supercritical environment (Alain Guyard, Rodolphe Chomel, Serge Amoravain, Cogema Marcoule); P06 - Shutdown and dismantling of the INB 52 ATUE enriched uranium processing plant at CEA-Cadarache (Laurent Ladurelle, P. Lisbonne, B. Bartoli, CEN Cadarache); P07 - Radiation protection at cleansing sites: dismantling of effluents storage tanks (Jean-Jacques Laurier, A. Houard, J. Laine, C. Marchand, CEA CEN FAR); P08 - INB 52 Atue shutdown: criticality management (P. Lisbonne, L. Ladurelle, B. Bartoli CEA Cadarache); P09 - Air flow remobilization of a surface particulate contamination (L. Alloul-Marmor, IRSN and Paris 12 univ., O. Witschger, IRSN, A. Renoux, Paris 12 univ., J. Monatte, Cogema); P10 - Methodology of radiological consequences evaluation of activation in a nuclear

  9. « Petits meurtres entre amis », Approche psychosomatique et psychodynamique du harcèlement moral au travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Grenier-Pezé

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available La présence médiatique du harcèlement moral interroge sa légitimité sociale et psychopathologique. Comprendre la redoutable toxicité de la situation de harcèlement impose de se pencher sur les enjeux identitaires liés à la situation de travail. Il s’agit de replacer ce nouveau syndrome dans le contexte plus large des effets positifs et négatifs de l’organisation du travail sur la santé psychique et physique. Les mécanismes de défense individuels et les stratégies collectives mobilisés par les sujets pour tenir au travail peuvent souder ou disloquer un collectif de travail entraînant la désignation d’un bouc émissaire. L’intériorisation des valeurs organisationnelles de l’entreprise autorisent la banalisation du mal exercé sur autrui, sa systématisation en techniques de disciplinarisation du corps. La rencontre avec le réseau de prise en charge, médecin du travail, médecin inspecteur, médecin généraliste, psychologue n’est pas qu’une stratégie médico-administrative. Ce travail du lien met un terme symbolique à l’isolement du harcelé et un point d’arrêt à la désintrication psychosomatique en cours.The presence of moral harassment in the media questions its own social and psychopathological legitimacy. To understand the formidable toxicity of the harassment situation, identity issues related to the work situation need to be investigated. This new syndrome must be re-situated within the broader framework of the positive and negative effects of work organization on mental and physical health. The individual defence mechanisms and collective strategies that subjects mobilize to cope at work can either strengthen or dismantle a work collective, thus resulting in the creation of a scapegoat. Internalizing the company’s organizational values allows banalization of the harm imposed on others, and its systematization through bodily discipline techniques. Meeting with the network (the company medical

  10. Signal enhancement due to high-Z nanofilm electrodes in parallel plate ionization chambers with variable microgaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brivio, Davide; Sajo, Erno; Zygmanski, Piotr

    2017-12-01

    We developed a method for measuring signal enhancement produced by high-Z nanofilm electrodes in parallel plate ionization chambers with variable thickness microgaps. We used a laboratory-made variable gap parallel plate ionization chamber with nanofilm electrodes made of aluminum-aluminum (Al-Al) and aluminum-tantalum (Al-Ta). The electrodes were evaporated on 1 mm thick glass substrates. The interelectrode air gap was varied from 3 μm to 1 cm. The gap size was measured using a digital micrometer and it was confirmed by capacitance measurements. The electric field in the chamber was kept between 0.1 kV/cm and 1 kV/cm for all the gap sizes by applying appropriate compensating voltages. The chamber was exposed to 120 kVp X-rays. The current was measured using a commercial data acquisition system with temporal resolution of 600 Hz. In addition, radiation transport simulations were carried out to characterize the dose, D(x), high-energy electron current, J(x), and deposited charge, Q(x), as a function of distance, x, from the electrodes. A deterministic method was selected over Monte Carlo due to its ability to produce results with 10 nm spatial resolution without stochastic uncertainties. Experimental signal enhancement ratio, SER(G) which we defined as the ratio of signal for Al-air-Ta to signal for Al-air-Al for each gap size, was compared to computations. The individual contributions of dose, electron current, and charge deposition to the signal enhancement were determined. Experimental signals matched computed data for all gap sizes after accounting for several contributions to the signal: (a) charge carrier generated via ionization due to the energy deposited in the air gap, D(x); (b) high-energy electron current, J(x), leaking from high-Z electrode (Ta) toward low-Z electrode (Al); (c) deposited charge in the air gap, Q(x); and (d) the decreased collection efficiency for large gaps (>~500 μm). Q(x) accounts for the electrons below 100 eV, which are

  11. Eulogy for Raymond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorba, Paul

    2016-11-01

    . You were pushing the door of his office after knocking. Raymond was naturally absorbed in his work, he raised his head, saw you, dropped his pen and looked at you as if he was waiting for you: he was all yours. You could ask him your question, he had all the time for you. Of course, you were in for some discussions which sometimes looked to you off topic, but his mind was working faster than average and we could not follow all the overlaps which were done in his head. And, in general, he used to bring you a clarification, otherwise the solution. As my old friend Georges Girardi used to jokingly say: "Raymond, we believe that he is brilliant of course. But he is even more than that". I would like also to mention the words of Serge Lazzarini: "I was the last student of Raymond. But who has not been, at one time or another, a student of Raymond? There was always something to learn from him".

  12. Topical ocular 0.1% cyclosporine A cationic emulsion in dry eye disease patients with severe keratitis: experience through the French early-access program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pisella P

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Pierre-Jean Pisella,1 Marc Labetoulle,2 Serge Doan,3 Beatrice Cochener-Lamard,4 Mourad Amrane,5 Dahlia Ismail,5 Catherine Creuzot-Garcher,6,7 Christophe Baudouin8–10 1Department of Ophthalmology, Tours University Hospital, University François Rabelais, Bretonneau Hospital, Tours, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Bicêtre Hospital, APHP, Paris-Sud University, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Bichat Hospital and Fondation A de Rothschild, Paris, 4Brest University Medical School, Morvan Hospital, Brest, 5Santen SAS, Evry, 6Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, 7Department of Ophthalmology III, Eye and Nutrition Research Group, Burgundy, Dijon, 8Research Team S12, Quinze-Vingts National Ophthalmology Hospital, 9Department of Ophthalmology, Ambroise-Paré Hospital, APHP, UPMC University, Paris 6, Vision Institute, INSERM UMRS968, CNRS UMR7210, Paris, 10University of Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, Versailles, France Purpose: The objective of this study was to report the evaluation of efficacy and safety of cyclosporine A cationic emulsion (CsA CE 0.1% for the treatment of severe keratitis in adults with dry eye disease (DED in a French early-access program. Methods: Patients with DED and severe keratitis (corneal fluorescein staining [CFS] score of 3–5 on the Oxford scale and/or the presence of corneal lesions [filaments or ulcers] were enrolled in a compassionate use program (Authorization for Temporary Use [ATU] for once-daily CsA CE, which was approved by French health authorities prior to its registration. Efficacy and safety at 1, 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up visits were evaluated. Results: The ATU cohort (n=1,212; mean age =60.5 years; 79.5% female; 98.1% with severe keratitis; 74.5% with corneal lesions consisted of 601 CsA-naïve patients and 611 patients treated previously with other CsA formulations. The primary DED etiology was Sjögren’s syndrome (48.7%. Clinical benefit could be discerned among

  13. Imagen, sociedad, y modernidad en el departamento de Nariño, 1870-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Oviedo Arévalo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El Departamento de Nariño es una entidad territorial con un rico acervo histórico escrito, demostrado por investigadores de renombre como don José Rafael Sañudo, Leopoldo López Álvarez y Jorge Elías Ortiz a través de fecundas trayectorias investigativas sobre diferentes etapas de su vida republicana. La reconstrucción de la memoria histórica y social del Departamento de Nariño por medio de la fotografía se constituye en una modalidad de investigación alternativa en el campo de las ciencias sociales cuando se plantea hacer hermenéutica de archivo para el análisis social a través la imagen, como un recurso alternativo y novedoso en la indagación social. De esta manera, la fotografía facilita los procesos de investigación, permite otro tipo de acercamientos y lecturas a través de la semiótica de la imagen, cuya práctica tiene como antecedentes disciplinares los trabajos de: Serge Gruzinski (1949- , sobre la creación de imaginarios sociales e historia de las mentalidades. De Humberto Eco (1932- con sus estudios sobre la semiótica y la estética, y Armando Silva (1998, sobre los imaginarios urbanos. La creación del Departamento de Nariño fue un proyecto tardío en la reorganización del territorio a inicio del siglo XX, con una gran influencia conservadora y religiosa, evidenciándose de manera gráfica las dificultades y los conflictos sociales del sur occidente colombiano con las características propias de multietnicidad y pluriculturidad, lo que sin embargo, contribuyó en la construcción del discurso de región a través de la imagen. De esta manera, se construyen y se relacionan tres tipos de lecturas sobre el Departamento de Nariño: la primera, referente a los contrastes de la geografía y la sociedad (Harvey, 2007, la segunda, referente al paisaje social (Appadurai, 2001, y la tercera, a los procesos de poblamiento en su territorio (Santos, 2000. La fotografía permite hacer la lectura de estas tres variables en

  14. Tapentadol in the management of chronic low back pain: a novel approach to a complex condition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pergolizzi J

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Joseph Pergolizzi1, Eli Alon2, Ralf Baron3, Cesare Bonezzi4, Jan Dobrogowski5, Rafael Gálvez6, Troels Jensen7, Hans-Georg Kress8, Marco AE Marcus9, Bart Morlion10, Serge Perrot11, Rolf-Detlef Treede121Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Universitätsspital Zurich, Switzerland; 3Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany; 4Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Pavia, Italy; 5Zaklad Badania i Leczenia Bólu, Kraków, Poland; 6Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain; 7Aarhus University, Denmark; 8Medical University of Vienna, Austria; 9Maastricht University Medical Center and University of Muenster, Maastricht, The Netherlands; 10University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium; 11Hôpital Dieu, Paris, France; 12Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, GermanyAbstract: Chronic pain affects approximately 1 in 5 people in Europe, and around half of sufferers receive inadequate pain management. The most common location is the lower back. Pharmacological treatment of this condition is challenging because of the range of causative mechanisms and the difficulty of balancing analgesic efficacy and tolerability. An international panel of clinical pain specialists met in September, 2009, to discuss the treatment of chronic low back pain, and to review preclinical and clinical data relating to the new analgesic, tapentadol. A lack of consensus exists on the best treatment for low back pain. The range of regularly prescribed pharmacological agents extends from nonopioids (paracetamol, NSAIDs, and COX-2 inhibitors to opioids, antidepressants and anticonvulsants. Pain relief may be compromised, however, by an undetected neuropathic component or intolerable side effects. Treatment is potentially life-long and effective analgesics are urgently needed, with demonstrable long-term safety. Combining separate agents with different mechanisms of action could overcome the limitations of present

  15. Chloroformate derivatization for tracing the fate of Amino acids in cells and tissues by multiple stable isotope resolved metabolomics (mSIRM).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ye; Fan, Teresa W-M; Lane, Andrew N; Higashi, Richard M

    2017-07-11

    applied this method to profile amino acids and their labeling patterns in 13 C and 2 H doubly labeled PC9 cell extracts, cancerous and non-cancerous tissue extracts from a lung cancer patient and their protein hydrolysates as well as plasma extracts from mice fed with a liquid diet containing 13 C 6 -glucose (Glc). The multi-element isotopologue distributions provided key insights into amino acid metabolism and intracellular pools in human lung cancer tissues in high detail. The 13 C labeling of Asp and Glu revealed de novo synthesis of these amino acids from 13 C 6 -Glc via the Krebs cycle, specifically the elevated level of 13 C 3 -labeled Asp and Glu in cancerous versus non-cancerous lung tissues was consistent with enhanced pyruvate carboxylation. In addition, tracking the fate of double tracers, ( 13 C 6 -Glc +  2 H 2 -Gly or 13 C 6 -Glc +  2 H 3 -Ser) in PC9 cells clearly resolved pools of Ser and Gly synthesized de novo from 13 C 6 -Glc ( 13 C 3 -Ser and 13 C 2 -Gly) versus Ser and Gly derived from external sources ( 2 H 3 -Ser, 2 H 2 -Gly). Moreover the complex 2 H labeling patterns of the latter were results of Ser and Gly exchange through active Ser-Gly one-carbon metabolic pathway in PC9 cells. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Hypoglycemia hospitalization frequency in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a comparison of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors and insulin secretagogues using the French health insurance database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detournay B

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Bruno Detournay,1 Serge Halimi,2,3 Julien Robert,1 Céline Deschaseaux,4 Sylvie Dejager5,6 1Cemka-Eval, Bourg-la Reine, France; 2Department of Diabetology, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Grenoble University Hospital Center, Grenoble, France; 3University Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France; 4Novartis Pharma SAS, Market Access Department, Rueil-Malmaison, France; 5Novartis Pharma SAS, Medical and Scientific Affairs, Rueil Malmaison, France; 6Department of Diabetology, Metabolism and Endocrinology, Pitié-Salpétrière Hospital, Paris, France Aim: We aimed to compare the frequency of severe hypoglycemia leading to hospitalization (HH and emergency visits (EV for any cause in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exposed to dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4-i versus those exposed to insulin secretagogues (IS; sulfonylureas or glinides. Methods: Data were extracted from the EGB (Echantillon Généraliste des Bénéficiaires database, comprising a representative sample of ~1% of patients registered in the French National Health Insurance System (~600,000 patients. Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients exposed to regimens containing either a DPP4-i (excluding treatment with IS, insulin, or glucagon-like peptide 1 analog or IS (excluding treatment with insulin and any incretin therapy between 2009 and 2012 were selected. HH and EV during the exposure periods were identified in both cohorts. A similar analysis was conducted considering vildagliptin alone versus IS. Comparative analyses adjusting for covariates within the model (subjects matched for key characteristics and using multinomial regression models were performed. Results: Overall, 7,152 patients exposed to any DPP4-i and 1,440 patients exposed to vildagliptin were compared to 10,019 patients exposed to IS. Eight patients (0.11% from the DPP4-i cohort and none from the vildagliptin cohort (0.0% were hospitalized for hypoglycemia versus 130 patients (1.30% from the IS cohort (138

  17. PREFACE: XXIX International Conference on Photonic, Electronic, and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, C.; Rabadán, I.; García, G.; Méndez, L.; Martín, F.

    2015-09-01

    The 29th International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions (XXIX ICPEAC) was held at the Palacio de Congresos ''El Greco'', Toledo, Spain, on 22-28 July, 2015, and was organized by the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM) and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). ICPEAC is held biannually and is one of the most important international conferences on atomic and molecular physics. The topic of the conference covers the recent progresses in photonic, electronic, and atomic collisions with matter. With a history back to 1958, ICPEAC came to Spain in 2015 for the very first time. UAM and CSIC had been preparing the conference for six years, ever since the ICPEAC International General Committee made the decision to hold the XXIX ICPEAC in Toledo. The conference gathered 670 participants from 52 countries and attracted 854 contributed papers for presentation in poster sessions. Among the latter, 754 are presented in issues 2-12 of this volume of the Journal of Physics Conference Series. In addition, five plenary lectures, including the opening one by the Nobel laureate Prof. Ahmed H. Zewail and the lectures by Prof. Maciej Lewenstein, Prof. Paul Scheier, Prof. Philip H. Bucksbaum, and Prof. Stephen J. Buckman, 62 progress reports and 26 special reports were presented following the decision of the ICPEAC International General Committee. Detailed write-ups of most of the latter are presented in issue 1 of this volume, constituting a comprehensive tangible record of the meeting. On the occasion of the International Year of Light (IYL2015) and with the support of the Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FECYT), the program was completed with two public lectures delivered by the Nobel laureate Prof. Serge Haroche and the Príncipe de Asturias laureate Prof. Pedro M. Echenique on, respectively, ''Fifty years of laser revolutions in physics'rquot; and ''The sublime usefulness of useless science''. Also a

  18. 20. ATSR congress - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    , CNRS, Nantes Univ.); - Conference: 16 - Works of art expertise using X-ray spectroscopy (Albert Adam, CEA-Saclay); - Effects on the organism: 17 - health issues with high level wastes (Jacques Lafuma, Academy of Sciences, Academy of Medicine); 18 - Summary of epidemiological studies of the leukemia risk near nuclear sites (Dominique Laurier, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 19 - Quantification of leukemia risk in relation with a chronic exposure to ionising radiations: lessons learnt by the Nord-Cotentin radioecological group (Catherine Rommens, Dominique Laurier, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); - Radioecology: 20 - From radiation to risk: the Nord-Cotentin radioecological group model (Aurelie Merle-Szeremeta, Catherine Rommens, Caroline Drombry, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 21 - Interpretation of calculation code results about the radiological impacts of radioactive releases (Henri Maubert, SPR/CEA Cadarache); - Use of radiations at hospitals: 22 - Improvement of the radioactive waste management of a regional cancer centre (Sandrine Laugle, Jean-Claude Houy, Eugene Marquis Centre Rennes); 23 - Detection of a radioactive source in an incineration plant dumpster: decision-making study according to the activity calculation (Jean-Claude Houy, Sandrine Laugle, Eugene Marquis Centre Rennes); - Environment: 24 - Model or measurements: what strategy for an environmental contamination estimation? (Caroline Drombry-Ringeard, Hemispheres Egly, Catherine Rommens, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 25 - Radiological risks magnitude (Jean Charles ABBe, CNRS, Nantes Univ.); 26 - Radiological monitoring of La Hague site environment (Philipp Blaise, H. Truffert, Cogema La Hague); - Posters: Po 01 - Inter-laboratory comparison of French low-energy anthropo-diametric measurements (D. Franck, Ph. Berard, C. Dubiau, R. Soulie, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); Po 02 - Modification principles of the CEA Cadarache radiological monitoring plan (Elodie Panaiva-Pouzol, Serge Escallon, Henri Maubert, SPR/CEA Cadarache)

  19. Reach and Acceptability of a Mobile Reminder Strategy and Facebook Group Intervention for Weight Management in Less Advantaged Adolescents: Insights From the PRALIMAP-INÈS Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saez, Laura; Langlois, Johanne; Legrand, Karine; Quinet, Marie-Hélène; Lecomte, Edith; Omorou, Abdou Y; Briançon, Serge

    2018-05-18

    . Although there was satisfaction with the Facebook group among the participants, the low participation rate in the Facebook group does not allow conclusions to be drawn with confidence. The results are in line with the claim that using information and communication technologies in health programs is unlikely to widen health inequalities. However, in this population of French adolescents, mobile phone strategies seem more adapted to a high school context, and caution should be exercised with a younger audience. Although there is positive appreciation of the SMS attendance-reminders and a Facebook intervention is initially highly appealing to less advantaged adolescents, no evidence of impact could be demonstrated. These results highlight the difficulty in assessing the impact of specific interventions in complex health programs. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01688453; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01688453 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6yy6EQ0SM). ©Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon, PRALIMAP-INÈS Trial Group. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 18.05.2018.

  20. The multinational second Diabetes, Attitudes, Wishes and Needs study: results of the French survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reach G

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Gérard Reach,1,2 Silla M Consoli,3,4 Serge Halimi,5 Claude Colas,6 Martine Duclos,7–9 Pierre Fontaine,10 Caroline Martineau,11 Carole Avril,12 Catherine Tourette-Turgis,13 Sylvie Pucheu,4 Olivier Brunet14 1Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Avicenne Hospital, Bobigny, 2EA 3412, CRNH-IDF, Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, 3Paris Descartes University, Paris Sorbonne Cité, Faculty of Medicine, Paris, 4University Service of Adult and Elderly Psychiatry, European Georges-Pompidou Hospital, Paris, 5Department of Diabetology, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Joseph Fourier University and CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, 6Department of Diabetology, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris, 7Department of Sport Medicine and Functional Explorations, Montpied Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, 8Department of Human Nutrition, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Clermont-Ferrand, 9Department of Human Nutrition, University of Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, 10Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Huriez Hospital, Lille 2 University, Lille, 11Department of Dietetics, Larrey Hospital, CHU Toulouse, 12French Diabetics Federation, Paris, 13UPMC-Sorbonne Universités, Paris, 14General practitioner, Seraincourt, France Aim: The second Diabetes, Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2™ multinational cross-sectional study was aimed at generating insights to facilitate innovative efforts by people with diabetes (PWD, family members (FMs, and health care professionals (HCPs to improve self-management and psychosocial support in diabetes. Here, the French data from the DAWN2™ study are described.Methods: In France, 500 PWD (80 with type 1 diabetes [T1] and 420 with type 2 diabetes [T2], 120 FMs, and 288 HCPs were recruited. The questionnaires assessed the impact of diabetes on quality of life and mood, self-management, attitudes/beliefs, and care/support.Results: Diabetes

  1. The odyssey of a young gene: structure-function studies in human glutamate dehydrogenases reveal evolutionary-acquired complex allosteric regulation mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaganas, Ioannis V; Kanavouras, Konstantinos; Borompokas, Nikolas; Arianoglou, Giovanna; Dimovasili, Christina; Latsoudis, Helen; Vlassi, Metaxia; Mastorodemos, Vasileios

    2014-01-01

    performed mutagenesis at sites of difference in their amino acid sequence. Results showed that the low basal activity, heat-lability and estrogen sensitivity of hGDH2 could be, at least partially, ascribed to the Arg443Ser evolutionary change, whereas resistance to GTP inhibition has been attributed to the Gly456Ala change. Other amino acid substitutions studied thus far cannot explain all the remaining functional differences between the two iso-enzymes. Also, the Arg443Ser/Gly456Ala double mutation in hGDH1 approached the properties of wild-type hGDH2, without being identical to it. The insights into the structural mechanism of enzymatic regulation and the implications in cell biology provided by these findings are discussed.

  2. Scientific Disclosure: Social Representations of Brazilian Researchers Acting in the Field of Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, D. L. C. M.

    2014-10-01

    Science dissemination has unquestioned role on intermediate science and society and it is a wide subject of research in education, considering that the construction of knowledge flows in different spaces, and, consequently, produces and disseminates representations. It presents as a motivator for reflection and as a necessary tool to prevent that knowledge do not become synonymous with domination and power. Thereby, the Astronomy assumes a remarkable role as a trigger of scientific dissemination process, due to its interdisciplinary character. From this viewpoint and the theoretical and methodological framework of the Theory of Social Representations (TRS), grounded by Serge Moscovici, this research, qualitative in nature, seek to answer: What are the social representations about scientific dissemination of Brazilian researchers that act in the field of astronomy? The work was based on Longhini, Gomide and Fernandes (2013) research, which delineate the Brazilian scientific community involved in Astronomy, identifying two groups of researchers with different training paths: one with postgraduate in education and related fields, and other with postgraduate in Physics or Astronomy. Thus, this study had the subquestion: Does the researchers of these groups have different conceptions about the practices of science dissemination? A sample was composed of six subjects, three of each formative course, who participated in semi-structured interviews analyzed following the steps outlined by Spink (2012). The results show that the science dissemination is part of the researches schedule's, with a positive image relative to promote scientific knowledge to population and similar on practical approach between the two groups. Point to two social representations of science dissemination: one for society in general, moved by passion, anchored in values and beliefs, in satisfaction of seeing the results that their actions bring to people's lives; and the other to their pairs

  3. Proceedings of the European Forum on Nuclear Waste governance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    , general president, PURAM, Hungary, Bruno Lescoeur, director of the Energy branch, EDF, Irena Mele, strategic counselor, ARAO, Slovenia, Serge Perez, member of the national Bureau, FNME, CGT, Etienne Pochon, director of Patrimony and Cleaning up, CEA, Philippe Pradel, director of the sector Treatment-Recycling-Logistic, COGEMA, Olof Soederberg, president of the Fund dedicated to nuclear waste management, counsellor at KASAM, Sweden. 3 - Audition: Jean-Yves Le Deaut, deputy for Meurthe-et-Moselle, vice-president, OPECST. 4 - Debate with the audience 5 - Audition: David McCauley, senior policy advisor, Uranium and Radioactive Waste Division, Natural Resources, Government of Canada. 6 - Debate with the audience. 7 - Second round table: 'The partnership between stakeholders and local municipalities for a sustainable development on territories' (Moderator: Giles Chichester, member of the European Parliament, president European Foundation for Energy, president of ITRE commission of the European Parliament (UK)), Speaker: Bruno Sido, president of the General Council of Haute-Marne and senator, Discussants: Dominique Bourg, professor de philosophy and industrial ecology, University of Troyes, Eric Delhaye, spokesman, CAP 21, Robert Fernbach, mayor of Houdelaincourt, member of the CLIS Bureau, Markus Fritschi, head of repository projects, NAGRA, Switzerland, Patrick Juillard, director, Technopolis of Cherbourg Normandie, Jean-Marc Lambinon, president of Chamber of Commerce and Industry Haute-Marne, Jorge Lang-Lenton, director of communication, ENRESA, Spain, Rolf Linkohr, nuclear physician, honorary president of European Foundation for Energy, Germany, Christian Namy, president of the General Council of Meuse. 8 - Conclusions by Francois Lamoureux, general director of the Transport/ Energy Directorate General of the European Commission

  4. Automated oxygen titration and weaning with FreeO2 in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD: a pilot randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lellouche F

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available François Lellouche,1 Pierre-Alexandre Bouchard,1 Maude Roberge,1 Serge Simard,1,2 Erwan L’Her,1,3 François Maltais,1 Yves Lacasse1 1Research Centre, 2Biostatistics Department, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Laval University, 3Emergency Medicine, Hôtel-Dieu de Lévis, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada Introduction: We developed a device (FreeO2 that automatically adjusts the oxygen flow rates based on patients’ needs, in order to limit hyperoxia and hypoxemia and to automatically wean them from oxygen. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using FreeO2 in patients hospitalized in the respiratory ward for an acute exacerbation of COPD. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing FreeO2 vs manual oxygen titration in the respiratory ward of a university hospital. We measured the perception of appropriateness of oxygen titration and monitoring in both groups by nurses and attending physicians using a Likert scale. We evaluated the time in the target range of oxygen saturation (SpO2 as defined for each patient by the attending physician, the time with severe desaturation (SpO2 <85%, and the time with hyperoxia (SpO2 >5% above the target. We also recorded length of stay, intensive care unit admissions, and readmission rate. Fifty patients were randomized (25 patients in both groups; mean age: 72±8 years; mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second: 1.00±0.49 L; and mean initial O2 flow 2.0±1.0 L/min. Results: Nurses and attending physicians felt that oxygen titration and monitoring were equally appropriate with both O2 administration systems. The percentage of time within the SpO2 target was significantly higher with FreeO2, and the time with severe desaturation and hyperoxia was significantly reduced with FreeO2. Time from study inclusion to hospital discharge was 5.8±4.4 days with FreeO2 and 8.4±6.0 days with usual oxygen administration (P=0.051. Conclusion: FreeO2 was deemed as an

  5. ESO unveils an amazing, interactive, 360-degree panoramic view of the entire night sky

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    French writer and astrophotographer Serge Brunier and his fellow Frenchman Frédéric Tapissier. Brunier spent several weeks during the period between August 2008 and February 2009 capturing the sky, mostly from ESO observatories at La Silla and Paranal in Chile. In order to cover the full Milky Way, Brunier also made a week-long trip to La Palma, one of the Canary Islands, to photograph the northern skies [1]. Once the raw photographs were in hand, image processing by Tapissier and ESO experts helped to convey accurately the night sky as our eyes behold it [2]. The resulting image, now available on GigaGalaxy Zoom, is composed of almost 300 fields each individually captured by Brunier four times, adding up to nearly 1200 photos that encompass the entire night sky. "I wanted to show a sky that everyone can relate to - with its constellations, its thousands of stars, with names familiar since childhood, its myths shared by all civilisations since Homo became Sapiens," says Brunier. "The image was therefore made as man sees it, with a regular digital camera under the dark skies in the Atacama Desert and on La Palma." As photographing extended over several months, objects from the Solar System came and went through the star fields, with bright planets such as Venus and Jupiter. A brilliant, emerald-green comet also flew by, although spotting it among a background of tens of millions of stars will be difficult (but rewarding). Overall, the creators of the GigaGalaxy Zoom project hope that these tremendous efforts in bringing the night sky as observed under the best conditions on the planet to stargazers everywhere will inspire awe for the beautiful, immense Universe that we live in. "The vision of the IYA2009 is to help people rediscover their place in the Universe through the day- and night-time sky, and this is exactly what the GigaGalaxy Zoom project is all about," says project coordinator Henri Boffin. The second dramatic GigaGalaxy Zoom image will be revealed next week

  6. 3rd International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Keane, Christopher J.; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2013-07-01

    the accepted contributions have been reviewed by the international team of 27 members of the Scientific Committee, with every contribution considered by four to eleven experts. In the majority of cases, the opinions of referees with diverse backgrounds and expertise converged. In 2011, the award 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond for Youth' was issued to Gregory P Bewley (Max Plank Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Germany) and Robert Zimmermann (Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, France) in recognition of their contributions to TMB-related scientific problems. The Best Poster Award was issued by Physica Scripta to Michael Winkler (University of Potsdam, Germany) in recognition of their poster presentation at TMB-2011. 5. Organization and acknowledgments The Third International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond was organized by the following members of the Organizing Committee: • Snezhana I Abarzhi (Chairperson, University of Chicago, USA) • Malcolm J Andrews (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) • Hiroshi Azechi (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) • Vladimir E Fortov (Institute for High Energy Density, Russia) • Boris Galperin (Organizer of the Special Course, University of South Florida, USA) • Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) • Christopher J Keane (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) • Joseph J Niemela (Local Organizer, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) • Katepalli R Sreenivasan (New York University, USA) The conference and course were sponsored by several agencies and institutions in the USA, Europe, Russia and Japan. The Organizing Committee of the TMB-2011 gratefully acknowledges support of the: • National Science Foundation (NSF), USA. Programmes: Plasma Physics; Physics Education and Interdisciplinary Research; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Applied Mathematics; Particulate and Multiphase Processes; Combustion, Fire and Plasma Systems • European Office of

  7. PREFACE: Turbulent Mixing and Beyond Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Rosner, Robert

    2008-10-01

    (continuous DNS/LES/RANS, Molecular dynamics, Monte-Carlo, predictive modeling) New Experimental Diagnostics (novel methods for flow visualization and control, high-tech) The First International Conference `Turbulent Mixing and Beyond' was organized by the following members of the Organizing Committee: Snezhana I Abarzhi (chairperson, Chicago, USA) Malcolm J Andrews (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Sergei I Anisimov (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russia) Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) Donald Q Lamb (The University of Chicago, USA) Katsunobu Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) Bruce A Remington (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) Robert Rosner (Argonne National Laboratory, USA) Katepalli R Sreenivasan (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) Alexander L Velikovich (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) The Organizing Committee gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Conference Sponsors: National Science Foundation (NSF), USA (Divisions and Programs Directors: Drs A G Detwiler, L M Jameson, E L Lomon, P E Phelan, G A Prentice, J A Raper, W Schultz, P R Westmoreland; PI: Dr S I Abarzhi) Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), USA (Program Director: Dr J D Schmisseur; PI: Dr S I Abarzhi) European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) of the AFOSR, UK (Program Chief: Dr S Surampudi; PI: Dr S I Abarzhi) International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy (Centre's Director: Dr K R Sreenivasan) The University of Chicago and The Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), USA (Laboratory's Director: Dr R Rosner) Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), France (Directeur de Recherche: Dr S Gauthier) Department of Energy, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), USA (Program manager: Dr R J Hanrahan; Group Leader: Dr M J Andrew) The DOE ASC Alliance Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes, The University of Chicago, USA (Center's Director: Dr D Q Lamb

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Michiel Otto

    1991-01-01

    ., Deborah Gewertz (eds. - Marijke J. Klokke, Annette Claben, Kann die Gupta-Kunst Kalidasas Werke illustrieren? Teil I: Text; Teil II: Abbildungen. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1988. [Marburger Studien zur Afrika- und Asienkunde, Serie B: Asien, Band 11.] 90, XLV pp., 10 figs, 32 pls. - J. Kommers, Michael Young, Malinowski among the Magi. The Natives of Mailu, London and New York: Routledge, 1988. [International library of Anthropology.] viii + 355 pp. - Niels Mulder, Bernhard Dahm, Culture and technological development in Southeast Asia. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1988., Gotz Link (eds. - Jan Michiel Otto, F. von Benda-Beckmann, Between kinship and the state; Social security and law in developing countries, Dordrecht: Foris, 1988. vii + 495 pp., K. von Benda-Beckmann, E. Casino (eds. - Nigel Phillips, Rainer Carle, Cultures and societies of North Sumatra, Berlin and Hamburg: Dietrich Reimer, 1987. [Veroffentlichungen des Seminars für Indonesische und Sudseesprachen der Universität Hamburg, Band 19.] 514 pp. - R. De Ridder, James J. Fox, To speak in pairs; Essays on the ritual languages of Eastern Indonesia, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. [Cambridge studies in oral literature 15.] xi + 338 pp.; bibl.; ills. - Matthew Schoffeleers, Serge Tcherkezoff, Duel classification reconsidered (Translation by Martin Thom, New York/Paris: Cambridge University Press and Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1987, 157 pp. - G.J. Schutte, J.L. Blussé, De dagregisters van het kasteel Zeelandia, Taiwan 1629-1662. Deel I: 1629-1641, uitgegeven door J.L. Blussé, M.E. van Opstall en Ts’ao Yung-ho, met medewerking van Chiang Shu-sheng en W. Milde. [Rijks Geschiedkundige Publicatiën, Grote Serie 195.] ‘s-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff, 1986. xxi + 548 pp., map, indices - H. Steinhauer, Olaf H. Smedal, Lom-Indonesian-English and English-Lom Wordlists, NUSA Linguistic studies of Indonesian and other languages in Indonesia, Vol. 28/29, 1987. viii

  9. Páginas iniciais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ficha catalográfica e sumário bilíngue

    2013-12-01

    BLICO EM GOIÂNIA – GO – BRASIL QUALITY AND INNOVATION IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE IN GOIANIA – GO – BRAZIL Maria Regina Silva Lima Bento Alves Costa Filho Cesar Ricardo Maia Vasconcelos CRESCIMENTO OU MANUTENÇÃO DA POSIÇÃO: O DILEMA DOS GESTORES DE UMA INDÚSTRIA DE PLÁSTICOS DA SERRA GAÚCHA GROWTH OR MAINTENANCE OF THE POSITION: THE DILEMMA OF THE MANAGERS OF A PLASTICS INDUSTRY SERRA GAUCHA Julio Cesar Ferro de Guimarães Eliana Andréa Severo Sylvia Maria Azevedo Roesch Pelayo Munhoz Olea Eric Charles Henri Dorion ESTRATÉGIA E COMUNICAÇÃO COM O MERCADO. PERCEPÇÃO DOS GESTORES DAS INSTITUIÇÕES DE ENSINO SUPERIOR SOBRE AS AÇÕES DE RESPONSABILIDADE SOCIAL NA PERSPECTIVA DO MÉTODO FENOMENOLÓGICO STRATEGY AND COMMUNICATION WITH THE MARKET. PERCEPTION OF MANAGERS OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION ON THE CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE PHENOMENOLOGICAL METHOD VIEW Roberto Bazanini Ademir Antonio Ferreira Homero Leoni Bazanini Rosalina Florindo da Silva REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY IN BRAZIL: A REVIEW OF EVALUATION LITERATURE POLÍTICA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO REGIONAL NO BRASIL: UMA REVISÃO DA LITERATURA SOBRE AVALIAÇÃO Guilherme Mendes Resende FLORESTAS E PARTICIPAÇÃO COMO VETORES DO DESENVOLVIMENTO REGIONAL: REFLEXÕES SOBRE OS CASOS ACRE E RIO GRANDE DO SUL FORESTRY AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION AS DRIVERS OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: ANALYSIS OF THE CASES ACRE AND RIO GRANDE DO SUL Markus Erwin Brose A IMPORTÂNCIA DA INTERDISCIPLINARIDADE PARA COMPREENSÃO DAS QUESTÕES AMBIENTAIS THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERDISCIPLINARITY FOR UNDERSTADING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL SUBJETCTS Cidonea Machado Deponti PROJETOS DE VIDA, MOBILIDADE E METRÓPOLE: AS TRAJETÓRIAS DE JOVENS ADULTOS NO CONTEXTO INTERNACIONAL LIFE PROJECTS, MOBILITY AND METROPOLIS : YOUNG ADULTS’ IN THE INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT Grazielle Betina Brandt Serge Côté

  10. PREFACE: XXVIth International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orel, Ann; Starace, Anthony F.; Nikolić, Dragan; Berrah, Nora; Gorczyca, Thomas W.; Kamber, Emanuel Y.; Tanis, John A.

    2009-12-01

    The XXVIth International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions was held on the campus of Western Michigan University (WMU) in Kalamazoo during 22-28 July 2009. Kalamazoo, the home of a major state university amid pleasant surroundings, was a delightful place for the conference. The 473 scientific participants, 111 of whom were students, had many fruitful discussions and exchanges that contributed to the success of the conference. Participants from 43 countries made the conference truly international in scope. The 590 abstracts that were presented on the first four days formed the heart of the conference and provided ample opportunity for discussion. This change, allowing the conference to end with invited talks, was a departure from the format used at previous ICPEAC gatherings in which the conferences ended with a poster session. The abstracts were split almost equally between the three main conference areas, i.e., photonic, electronic, and atomic collisions, and the posters were distributed across the days of the conference so that approximately equal numbers of abstracts in the different areas were scheduled for each day. Of the total number of presented abstracts, 517 of these are included in this proceedings volume, the first time that abstracts have been published by ICPEAC. There were 5 plenary lectures covering the different areas of the conference: Paul Corkum (University of Ottawa) talked on attosecond physics with atoms and molecules, Serge Haroche (Collège de France) on non-destructive photon counting, Toshiyuki Azuma (Tokyo Metropolitan University) on resonant coherent excitation of highly-charged ions in crystals, Eva Lindroth (Stockholm University) on atomic structure effects, and Alfred Müller (Justus Liebig University) on resonance phenomena in electron- and photon-ion collisions. Two speakers gave very illuminating public lectures that drew many people from the local area, as well as conference participants: Patricia Dehmer

  11. Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HC Reseñas

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available DE LA GRATSJA, José Luis, REIG TAPIA, Alberto y MIRALLES, Ricardo (eds. Tuñón de Lara y la historiografía española. Siglo XXI. Madrid, 1999. CUENCA TORIBIO, José Manuel. Catolicismo contemporáneo de España y Europa. Encuentros y divergencias. Encuentro. Madrid, 1999. MARTÍN, Luis R (ed. Les francs-maçons dans la cité. Les cultures politiques de la Franc-maçonnerie en Europe. xixe-xxe siècle. Presses Universitaires. Rennes, 2000. CATROGA, Fernando. O Céu da Memoria. Cemitério Romántico e Culto Cívico dos Morios. Minerva. Coimbra, 1999. NARBAYEV, Nazym B. Russia and Eurasia: the Problem of the State Systems. Second Half of the Nineteenth-Early Twentieth Century. Nauka. Moscú, 1999. ESTEBAN DE VEGA, Mariano y MORALES MOYA, Antonio (eds. Los fines de siglo en España y Portugal. II Encuentro de Historia Comparada. Universidad. Jaén, 1999. BOSWELL, Laird. Rural Communism in France, 1920-1939. Cornell University Press. Ithaca y Londres, 1998. DENÉCHÈRE, Yves. La politique espagnole de la France de 1931 à 1936. Une pratique française de rapports inégaux. L'Harmattan. Paris, 1999. AYMES, Jean-René y SAIAÜN, Serge (eds. Être espagnol. Presses de la Sorbonne Nouvelle. Paris, 2000. SHUBERT, Adrian. Death and Money in the Afternoon: A History of the Spanish Bullfight. Oxford University Press. New York, 1999. RISQUES, Manel (dir., DUARTE, Ángel, RIQUER, Borja de, y ROIG ROSICH, Josep M. Historia de la Catalunya Contemporània. Portic-Biblioteca Universitaria. Barcelona, 1999. VV. AA. Clásicos sociales contemporáneos. Servicio Editorial de la Universidad del País Vasco. Bilbao, 2000. DIAZ HERNANDEZ, Onésimo. Los Marqueses de Urquijo. El apogeo de una saga poderosa y los inicios del Banco Urquijo, 1870-1931 Eunsa. Pamplona, 1999. DUARTE, Ángel. La república del emigrante. La cultura política de los españoles en Argentina (1875-1910. Milenio. Lleida, 1998. LARRÍNAGA, Carlos. Actividad económica y cambio estructural en San

  12. PREFACE: International Workshop '60 Years of the Casimir Effect'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Gabriel; Carugno, Giovanni; Dodonov, Victor; Man'ko, Margarita

    2009-07-01

    Organizers Gabriel Barton and Victor Dodonov International Advisory Committee of the Workshop Michael Bordag (Leipzig, Germany) Giovanni Carugno (Padova, Italy) Emilio Elizalde (Barcelona, Spain) Francisco Mazzitelli (Buenos Aires, Argentina) Kimball Milton (Norman, USA) Vladimir Mostepanenko (St Petersburg, Russia) Serge Reynaud (Paris, France) Conference photograph

  13. Managing our Nuclear Waste: Choosing Safety and Sustainable Development. Proceedings of the European Forum 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fischer, Claude; SCHNEITER, Jean-Louis; Lamoureux, Francois; ); Haug, Peter; Flueler, Thomas; Bouzon, Jean-Luc; Carlsson, Torsten; DEMET, Michel; Marsily, Ghislain de; Gadbois, Serge; Gatignol, Claude; Hooft, Evelyn; Jordan Cizelj, Romana; Rollinger, Francois; Bataille, Christian; Shaver, Kathryn; Linkohr, Rolf; Castellan, Angelo; Collard, Daniel; Devezeaux, Jean-Guy; Dose, Francois; Dupraz, Bernard; Gonnot, Francois-Michel; Leclere, Robert; Pradel, Philippe; Webster, Simon; ); Herzog, Philippe

    2005-01-01

    , professor of geology, member of CNE, Academy of Sciences and Academy of Technologies, Serge Gadbois, sociologist, member of Mutadis and COWAM, Claude Gatignol, Manche representative at the French Parliament, member of OPECST, Evelyn Hooft, ONDRAF, Belgium; Romana Jordan Cizelj, Member of the European Parliament, Slovenia, Francois Rollinger, CFDT - CSSIN. 4 - Audition: Christian Bataille, Nord representative at the French Parliament, member of OPECST, Kathryn Shaver, Head of NWMO, Canada. 5 - 2. round table 'Research laboratories and disposal sites: opportunities for dynamics based on sustainable development' (Chairman: Rolf Linkohr, nuclear physicist, Head of C.E.R.E.S. (DE)). The idea is to increase awareness of the fact that our system of production is tending towards eco-production. The nuclear industry has been a pioneer in this respect, by developing new technologies. In fact, the management and storage of waste is a very high-tech industry which can create a range of businesses with added value e.g. storage, safety etc. Moreover, the producers of waste 'have other expertise' which can be called upon by 'departements' that have agreed to the siting of such disposal sites, using the expertise in a way that takes account of the 'departement's' specific advantages (biomass from farming and forestry, control of energy requirements for small businesses etc.). This presupposes that all local and industrial stakeholders will shoulder their responsibilities and make a commitment, along with the local people, to create new training and businesses in the area concerned. A number of questions will be looked at in detail: - the social and environmental responsibility of waste producers: the technologies and expertise that should be used to further sustainable development (nuclear safety and security, bio-fuels, control of energy demands etc.) - partnerships in contracts of agreed objectives; the involvement of all players; the issue of public/private sector partnerships to fund

  14. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available -Timothy P. Barnard, Cynthia Chou, Indonesian sea nomads; Money, magic, and fear of the Orang Suku Laut. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, xii + 159 pp. -R.H. Barnes, Toos van Dijk, Gouden eiland in de Bandazee; Socio-kosmische ideeën op Marsela, Maluku Tenggara, Indonesië. Leiden: Onderzoekschool voor Aziatische, Afrikaanse en Amerindische studies (CNWS, Universiteit Leiden, 2000, 458 pp. [CNWS Publications 94.] -Andrew Beatty, Peter G. Riddell, Islam and the Malay-Indonesian world; Transmission and responses. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2001, xvii + 349 pp. -Peter Boomgaard, Richard H. Grove ,El Niño - history and crisis; Studies from the Asia-Pacific region. Cambridge: White Horse Press, 2000, 230 pp., John Chappell (eds -Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Florentino Rodao, Franco y el imperio japonés; Imágenes y propaganda en tiempos de guerra. Barcelona: Plaza and Janés, 2002, 669 pp. -Matthew Cohen, Stuart Robson, The Kraton; Selected essays on Javanese courts. Translated by Rosemary Robson-McKillop. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2003, xxvi + 397 pp. [Translation series 28.] -Serge Dunis, Ben Finney, Sailing in the wake of the ancestors; Reviving Polynesian voyaging. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 2003, 176 pp. [Legacy of excellence.] -Heleen Gall, Jan A. Somers, De VOC als volkenrechtelijke actor. Deventer: Gouda Quint, Rotterdam: Sanders Instituut, 2001, x + 350 pp. -David Henley, Harold Brookfield, Exploring agrodiversity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001, xix + 348 pp. -David Hicks, Ernst van Veen ,A guide to the sources of the history of Dutch-Portuguese relations in Asia (1594-1797. With a foreword by Leonard Blussé. Leiden: Institute for the history of European expansion, 2001, iv + 378 pp. [Intercontinenta 24.], Daniël Klijn (eds -Nico Kaptein, Donald J. Porter, Managing politics and Islam in Indonesia. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002, xxi + 264 pp. -Victor T. King, Monica Janowski, The forest, source of life; The Kelabit of

  15. « Aliments fonctionnels et lipides »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossignol-Castera Anne

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Proposer un dossier sur les aliments fonctionnels dits « aliments-santé » se justifie doublement, d’une part, parce que l’année 2001 est sans conteste marquée par le développement confirmé de ces produits et, d’autre part, parce que les matières grasses (huiles combinées, margarines, etc. et les molécules lipidiques (acides gras poly-insaturés - AGPI - oméga 3, phytostérols, etc. sont fortement concernées par ce secteur. Un aliment fonctionnel peut se définir comme un produit d’alimentarité prouvée, qui présente une composition spécifique ou qui contient un ou des ingrédients affectant de manière ciblée, selon la nature et la dose du ou des nutriments ou ingrédients, une ou plusieurs fonctions de l’organisme dans le but d’obtenir des effets positifs qui puissent justifier une ou des allégations fonctionnelles, voire une ou des allégations de santé. Tous les aliments ayant au minimum une fonction « santé » qui est l’apport énergétique, ces nouveaux aliments doivent donc se démarquer en apportant un bénéfice santé supérieur à l’alimentation classique. Serge Hercberg1 les caractérise par une « valeur santé ajoutée », qui peut être soit une fonction cible améliorée, soit la réduction du risque d’une pathologie. Ainsi, un produit apportant des phytostérols à une dose active pourra contribuer à « diminuer significativement le LDL-cholestérol » et un produit enrichi en AGPI oméga 3 peut revendiquer un apport en nutriments qui « contribuent à la réduction des risques cardiovasculaires ». Il nous paraît important de limiter la notion d’aliment fonctionnel à un produit industriel élaboré pour lequel soit la technologie, soit la formulation, soit les deux ont été volontairement adaptées ou optimisées pour obtenir une fonctionnalité ciblée sur notre métabolisme. On constate en effet un amalgame et une vulgarisation du message « santé » pour des produits qui sont

  16. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.J.M. Claessen

    1990-04-01

    Full Text Available - J. van Baal, Gert Oostindie, Roosenburg en Mon Bijou: Twee Surinaamse plantages, 1720-1870. Caribbean series II, Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde; Dordrecht: Foris, 1989. xii + 548 pp. - C. Baks, Marine Carrin-Bouez, La fleur et l’os; Symbolisme et rituel chez les Santal, Cahier de l’Homme, Nouvelle Serie XXVI, Paris: Éditions de l’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 1986. 193 pp., figures et tableaux, photos, carte. - C. Baks, Serge Bouez, Réciprocité et hiérarchie; l’Alliance chez les Ho et les Santal de l’Inde, Recherches sur la Haute Asie 7, Paris: Société d’Ethnographie, 1985. 232 pp., annexes, figures et tableaux, photos, carte. - René van den Berg, Bambang Kaswanti Purwo, Towards a description of contemporary Indonesian: Preliminary studies, Part III. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA/Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya [=Nusa, Linguistic studies of Indonesian and other languages in Indonesia. Volume 30]. 1988. ix + 94 pp. - Martin van Bruinessen, Elly Touwen-Bouwsma, Staat, Islam en lokale leiders in West Madura, Indonesië. Een historisch-antropologische studie. Kampen: Uitgeverij Mondiss, 1988 [dissertatie Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1988]. xx, 276 pp. - J.G. de Casparis, John Miksic, Small finds: Ancient Javanese gold, Singapore: National Museum, 1988. VIII + 88 pp. 20 Plates, 56 Figures. - B.F. Drewes, Asian women doing theology, vol. XVI-47 of Exchange, Bulletin of Third World Christian Literature and Ecumenical Research, September 1987, ii + 78 pp. - Ch. van Fraassen, Femme Gaastra, Bewind en beleid bij de VOC 1672-1702, De Walburg Pers, 1989. 343 pp., ill. - B.F. Galjart, James C. Scott, Weapons of the weak. Everyday forms of peasant resistance. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1985. - R. Giel, R. van Lier, Tropische Tribaden: Een verhandeling over homoseksualiteit en homoseksuele vrouwen in Suriname, Dordrecht: Foris, 1986. 84 pp. - Paul van der Grijp

  17. EDITORIAL: Focus on Quantum Cryptography: Theory and Practice FOCUS ON QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY: THEORY AND PRACTICE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lütkenhaus, N.; Shields, A. J.

    2009-04-01

    distribution network in Vienna M Peev, C Pacher, R Alléaume, C Barreiro, J Bouda, W Boxleitner, T Debuisschert, E Diamanti, M Dianati, J F Dynes, S Fasel, S Fossier, M Fürst, J-D Gautier, O Gay, N Gisin, P Grangier, A Happe, Y Hasani, M Hentschel, H Hübel, G Humer, T Länger, M Legré, R Lieger, J Lodewyck, T Lorünser, N Lütkenhaus, A Marhold, T Matyus, O Maurhart, L Monat, S Nauerth, J-B Page, A Poppe, E Querasser, G Ribordy, S Robyr, L Salvail, A W Sharpe, A J Shields, D Stucki, M Suda, C Tamas, T Themel, R T Thew, Y Thoma, A Treiber, P Trinkler, R Tualle-Brouri, F Vannel, N Walenta, H Weier, H Weinfurter, I Wimberger, Z L Yuan, H Zbinden and A Zeilinger Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing J Chen, G Wu, L Xu, X Gu, E Wu and H Zeng Controlling passively quenched single photon detectors by bright light Vadim Makarov Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography Sebastian Nauerth, Martin Fürst, Tobias Schmitt-Manderbach, Henning Weier and Harald Weinfurter Standardization of quantum key distribution and the ETSI standardization initiative ISG-QKD Thomas Länger and Gaby Lenhart Entangled quantum key distribution with a biased basis choice Chris Erven, Xiongfeng Ma, Raymond Laflamme and Gregor Weihs Finite-key analysis for practical implementations of quantum key distribution Raymond Y Q Cai and Valerio Scarani Field test of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution prototype S Fossier, E Diamanti, T Debuisschert, A Villing, R Tualle-Brouri and P Grangier Physics and application of photon number resolving detectors based on superconducting parallel nanowires F Marsili, D Bitauld, A Gaggero, S Jahanmirinejad, R Leoni, F Mattioli and A Fiore Device-independent quantum key distribution secure against collective attacks Stefano Pironio, Antonio Acín, Nicolas Brunner, Nicolas Gisin, Serge Massar and Valerio Scarani 1310 nm differential-phase-shift QKD system using

  18. Multiple Eyes for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    gravitationally. Notes [1]: This is a joint Press Release of ESO and the Observatoire de Paris (cf. http://www.obspm.fr/actual/nouvelle/jan02/flames.shtml ). [2]:The GIRAFFE team at the Observatoire de Paris that has developed the Integral Field Units (IFUs) discussed in this Press Release includes Jean-Pierre Aoustin, Sebastien Baratchart, Patrice Barroso, Veronique Cayatte, Laurent Chemin, Florence Cornu, Jean Cretenet, Jean-Paul Danton, Hector Flores, Francoise Gex, Fabien Guillon, Isabelle Guinouard, Francois Hammer, Jacques Hammes, David Horville, Jean-Michel Huet, Laurent Jocou, Pierre Kerlirzin, Serge Lebourg, Hugo Lenoir, Claude Lesqueren, Regis Marichal, Michel Marteaud, Thierry Melse, Fabrice Peltier, Francois Rigaud, Frederic Sayede and Pascal Vola . [3]: It is expected to ship the various components of the FLAMES instrument to the VLT Observatory at Paranal (Chile) during the next month. "First Light" is scheduled to take place some weeks thereafter, following installation at the telescope and extensive system tests. ESO will issue another Press Release with more details on that occasion.

  19. PREFACE Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2010-12-01

    confined plasmas, magneto-convection, magneto-rotational instability, dynamo; Canonical plasmas: coupled plasmas, anomalous resistance, ionosphere; Physics of atmosphere: environmental fluid dynamics, weather forecasting, turbulent flows in stratified media and atmosphere, non-Boussinesq convection; Geophysics and Earth science: mantle-lithosphere tectonics, oceanography, turbulent convection under rotation, planetary interiors; Combustion: dynamics of flames and fires, deflagration-to-detonation transition, blast waves and explosions, flows with chemical reactions, flows in jet engines; Mathematical aspects of non-equilibrium dynamics: vortex dynamics, singularities, discontinuities, asymptotic dynamics, weak solutions, well- and ill-posedness, continuous transports out of thermodynamic equilibrium; Stochastic processes and probabilistic description: long-tail distributions and anomalous diffusion, data assimilation and processing methodologies, error estimate and uncertainty quantification, statistically unsteady processes; Advanced numerical simulations: continuous DNS/LES/RANS, molecular dynamics, Monte-Carlo, predictive modeling, validation and verification of numerical models; Experimental diagnostics: model experiments in high energy density and low energy density regimes, plasma diagnostics, fluid flow visualizations and control, opto-fluidics, novel optical methods, holography, advanced technologies. TMB-2009 was organized by the following members of the Organizing Committee: Snezhana I Abarzhi (chairperson, Chicago, USA) Malcolm J Andrews (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Sergei I Anisimov (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russia) Hiroshi Azechi (Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) Christopher J Keane (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) Robert Rosner (Argonne National Laboratory, USA) Katepalli R Sreenivasan (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) Alexander

  20. INTRODUCTION Outline of Round Tables Outline of Round Tables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R.

    2010-12-01

    The Second International Conference and Advanced School 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond', TMB-2009, was held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, (ICTP), Trieste, Italy on 27 July-7 August 2009. TMB-2009 united over 180 participants ranging from students to members of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering, and including researchers at experienced and early stages of their carriers from leading scientific institutions in academia, national laboratories, corporations and industry worldwide. Responding to the community's inquiry and reaffirming the practices established at TMB-2007, two Round Tables were organized for the participants of TMB-2009 on 30 July 2009 and 6 August 2009 in the Oppenheimer Room at the Centre. The goals of the Round Tables were to encourage the information exchange among the members of the interdisciplinary and international TMB community, promote discussions regarding the state-of-the-art in TMB-related scientific areas, identify directions for frontier research, and articulate recommendations for future developments. This article is a summary of the collective work of the Round Table participants (listed alphabetically below by their last names), whose contributions form its substance and, as such, are greatly appreciated. Abarzhi, Snezhana I (University of Chicago, USA) Andrews, Malcolm (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Belotserkovskii, Oleg (Institute for Computer Aided Design of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia) Bershadskii, Alexander (ICAR, Israel) Brandenburg, Axel (Nordita, Denmark) Chumakov, Sergei (Stanford University, USA) Desai, Tara (University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy) Galperin, Boris (University of South Florida, USA) Gauthier, Serge (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) Gekelman, Walter (University of California at Los Angeles, USA) Gibson, Carl (University of California at San Diego, USA) Goddard III, William A (California Institute of Technology, USA) Grinstein, Fernando

  1. From biologically-inspired physics to physics-inspired biology From biologically-inspired physics to physics-inspired biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornyshev, Alexei A.

    2010-10-01

    the talk of Sergey Leikin [11]. No matter which aspect of DNA research was discussed at the conference, the physical chemistry of solution, particularly the role of counterions, was found to be extraordinarily important. Loren Williams (Georgia Tech) presented decisive synchrotron x-ray 3d-maps of distribution of the most important class of adsorbed counterions between the major and minor grooves of DNA or phosphates. Purely physical methods were used to obtain them with the results crucial for understanding the resulting charge patterns of DNA (including the adsorbed counterions) that determine DNA physical behaviour and DNA-DNA helix specific forces. The conference has shown substantial progress in the characterization, understanding of physics, geometry and topology of DNA-supercoiling, as well as its biological implementations, and a set of lectures was devoted to its modeling and experimental characterization. New techniques were also the center of attention, such as DNA transport through solid-state pores. In particular, Serge Lemay (Kavli Institute, TU Delft, now at Twente) has shown a number of new developments related to a combination of magnetic tweezers techniques and transport, allowing him to precisely characterize the trapping of DNA in the pores and revealing what can be learned from it. Amit Meller (BU) reported an intriguing result showing that DNA capture rate increases with its length for medium long DNA whereas there is no length dependence for longer molecules. Statistical physics of polymers was needed to explain this, revealing also a crucial role of electrostatics. Creation of salt gradients across the pore is providing a tool that increases the sensitivity of this popular new method by an order of magnitude. A unique single molecule technique to study the effect of RNA polymeraze backtracking, using a dual trap optical tweezers assay, was reported by Stephan Grill (Max-Plank Institute, Dresden). Many theoretical models reported at the

  2. Lattice models and integrability: a special issue in honour of F Y Wu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttmann, A. J.; Jacobsen, J. L.

    2012-12-01

    combinatorics, and in the study of certain dualities between string theories and gauge theories known under the common epithet of AdS/CFT duality. This last trend is represented in this issue by the contribution of Kostov [56]. Other interests of Wu in both quantum and classical systems are reflected in the article by Barry12, Muttalib and Tanaka [57], and in the paper by Bauer, Bernard and Benoist on iterated stochastic measurements [58]. This latter paper appears very timely, since it is inspired by the experiments carried out in the group of Serge Haroche who earned the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics. Wu met his wife Ching Tse (Jane) in Taipei. They married in 1963 in St. Louis, Missouri. They have three daughters; Yvonne, a Professor of Child Neurology at the University of California San Francisco, Yolanda, a women's rights lawyer and a teacher of Suzuki violin, and Yelena, a postdoc in Child Clinical Psychology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital. Fred and Jane have five grandchildren. Wu left four siblings behind when he left China in 1949, and reunited with them after a 30-year separation for the first time in 1979. Two sisters and one brother are now deceased, and his younger brother, who also has three daughters, lives a comfortable life in retirement in Kunming, China. It has been a pleasure to assemble this collection of papers on the occasion of Fred's 80th birthday, and we wish to thank him for providing much of the biographical information on which this introduction is based. We are also grateful to all the contributors for providing such a diverse and decidedly very modern panorama of the topic of lattice models and integrability, and for meeting the strict deadlines necessary to ensure the completion of this issue before the year 2012 draws to an end. Fred Wu continues to be a highly productive, imaginative scientist, and we look forward to a continuing body of excellent work. Meanwhile, we wish him many more years of a happy and healthy life. 1Wu met Tony Guttmann