WorldWideScience

Sample records for sensor web architecture

  1. An Architecture to Enable Future Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Dan; Caffrey, Robert; Frye, Stu; Grosvenor, Sandra; Hess, Melissa; Chien, Steve; Sherwood, Rob; Davies, Ashley; Hayden, Sandra; Sweet, Adam

    2004-01-01

    A sensor web is a coherent set of distributed 'nodes', interconnected by a communications fabric, that collectively behave as a single dynamic observing system. A 'plug and play' mission architecture enables progressive mission autonomy and rapid assembly and thereby enables sensor webs. This viewgraph presentation addresses: Target mission messaging architecture; Strategy to establish architecture; Progressive autonomy with onboard sensor web; EO-1; Adaptive array antennas (smart antennas) for satellite ground stations.

  2. Flow Webs: Mechanism and Architecture for the Implementation of Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorlick, M. M.; Peng, G. S.; Gasster, S. D.; McAtee, M. D.

    2006-12-01

    The sensor web is a distributed, federated infrastructure much like its predecessors, the internet and the world wide web. It will be a federation of many sensor webs, large and small, under many distinct spans of control, that loosely cooperates and share information for many purposes. Realistically, it will grow piecemeal as distinct, individual systems are developed and deployed, some expressly built for a sensor web while many others were created for other purposes. Therefore, the architecture of the sensor web is of fundamental import and architectural strictures that inhibit innovation, experimentation, sharing or scaling may prove fatal. Drawing upon the architectural lessons of the world wide web, we offer a novel system architecture, the flow web, that elevates flows, sequences of messages over a domain of interest and constrained in both time and space, to a position of primacy as a dynamic, real-time, medium of information exchange for computational services. The flow web captures; in a single, uniform architectural style; the conflicting demands of the sensor web including dynamic adaptations to changing conditions, ease of experimentation, rapid recovery from the failures of sensors and models, automated command and control, incremental development and deployment, and integration at multiple levels—in many cases, at different times. Our conception of sensor webs—dynamic amalgamations of sensor webs each constructed within a flow web infrastructure—holds substantial promise for earth science missions in general, and of weather, air quality, and disaster management in particular. Flow webs, are by philosophy, design and implementation a dynamic infrastructure that permits massive adaptation in real-time. Flows may be attached to and detached from services at will, even while information is in transit through the flow. This concept, flow mobility, permits dynamic integration of earth science products and modeling resources in response to real

  3. Ontology Alignment Architecture for Semantic Sensor Web Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Alarcos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity. Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity’s names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall.

  4. Ontology alignment architecture for semantic sensor Web integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Susel; Marsa-Maestre, Ivan; Velasco, Juan R; Alarcos, Bernardo

    2013-01-01

    Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity). Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity's names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI) tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall.

  5. Sensor Webs with a Service-Oriented Architecture for On-demand Science Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Ungar, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Justice, Chris; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Tran, Daniel; Cappelaere, Patrice; Derezinsfi, Linda; Paules, Granville; Di, Liping; Kolitz, Stephan

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the work being managed by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Information System Division (ISD) under a NASA Earth Science Technology Ofice (ESTO) Advanced Information System Technology (AIST) grant to develop a modular sensor web architecture which enables discovery of sensors and workflows that can create customized science via a high-level service-oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) web service standards. These capabilities serve as a prototype to a user-centric architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS). This work builds and extends previous sensor web efforts conducted at NASA/GSFC using the Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) satellite and other low-earth orbiting satellites.

  6. Experimenting with an Evolving Ground/Space-based Software Architecture to Enable Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    mandl, Daniel; Frye, Stuart

    2005-01-01

    A series of ongoing experiments are being conducted at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center to explore integrated ground and space-based software architectures enabling sensor webs. A sensor web, as defined by Steve Talabac at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center(GSFC), is a coherent set of distributed nodes interconnected by a communications fabric, that collectively behave as a single, dynamically adaptive, observing system. The nodes can be comprised of satellites, ground instruments, computing nodes etc. Sensor web capability requires autonomous management of constellation resources. This becomes progressively more important as more and more satellites share resource, such as communication channels and ground station,s while automatically coordinating their activities. There have been five ongoing activities which include an effort to standardize a set of middleware. This paper will describe one set of activities using the Earth Observing 1 satellite, which used a variety of ground and flight software along with other satellites and ground sensors to prototype a sensor web. This activity allowed us to explore where the difficulties that occur in the assembly of sensor webs given today s technology. We will present an overview of the software system architecture, some key experiments and lessons learned to facilitate better sensor webs in the future.

  7. Enhanced Service-Oriented Open Sensor Web Architecture with Application Server Based Mashup

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Sohail Khan; DoHyeun Kim

    2014-01-01

    Connecting the sensing devices present in the physical world to detect and measure various physical phenomenon such as temperature, humidity, and pollution into a network and presenting them as web resources to the end users have become the goal of a variety of research activities. As the physical network of these devices inherently possesses a heterogeneous nature thus most of the sensor web studies are based on providing domain specific solutions. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) has pro...

  8. A Web 2.0 and OGC Standards Enabled Sensor Web Architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Unger, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Cappelaere, Pat; Tran, Danny; Derezinski, Linda; Paules, Granville

    2007-01-01

    This paper will describe the progress of a 3 year research award from the NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) that began October 1, 2006, in response to a NASA Announcement of Research Opportunity on the topic of sensor webs. The key goal of this research is to prototype an interoperable sensor architecture that will enable interoperability between a heterogeneous set of space-based, Unmanned Aerial System (UAS)-based and ground based sensors. Among the key capabilities being pursued is the ability to automatically discover and task the sensors via the Internet and to automatically discover and assemble the necessary science processing algorithms into workflows in order to transform the sensor data into valuable science products. Our first set of sensor web demonstrations will prototype science products useful in managing wildfires and will use such assets as the Earth Observing 1 spacecraft, managed out of NASA/GSFC, a UASbased instrument, managed out of Ames and some automated ground weather stations, managed by the Forest Service. Also, we are collaborating with some of the other ESTO awardees to expand this demonstration and create synergy between our research efforts. Finally, we are making use of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) suite of standards and some Web 2.0 capabilities to Beverage emerging technologies and standards. This research will demonstrate and validate a path for rapid, low cost sensor integration, which is not tied to a particular system, and thus be able to absorb new assets in an easily evolvable, coordinated manner. This in turn will help to facilitate the United States contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), as agreed by the U.S. and 60 other countries at the third Earth Observation Summit held in February of 2005.

  9. AN INTEROPERABLE ARCHITECTURE FOR AIR POLLUTION EARLY WARNING SYSTEM BASED ON SENSOR WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Samadzadegan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Environmental monitoring systems deal with time-sensitive issues which require quick responses in emergency situations. Handling the sensor observations in near real-time and obtaining valuable information is challenging issues in these systems from a technical and scientific point of view. The ever-increasing population growth in urban areas has caused certain problems in developing countries, which has direct or indirect impact on human life. One of applicable solution for controlling and managing air quality by considering real time and update air quality information gathered by spatially distributed sensors in mega cities, using sensor web technology for developing monitoring and early warning systems. Urban air quality monitoring systems using functionalities of geospatial information system as a platform for analysing, processing, and visualization of data in combination with Sensor Web for supporting decision support systems in disaster management and emergency situations. This system uses Sensor Web Enablement (SWE framework of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC, which offers a standard framework that allows the integration of sensors and sensor data into spatial data infrastructures. SWE framework introduces standards for services to access sensor data and discover events from sensor data streams as well as definition set of standards for the description of sensors and the encoding of measurements. The presented system provides capabilities to collect, transfer, share, process air quality sensor data and disseminate air quality status in real-time. It is possible to overcome interoperability challenges by using standard framework. In a routine scenario, air quality data measured by in-situ sensors are communicated to central station where data is analysed and processed. The extracted air quality status is processed for discovering emergency situations, and if necessary air quality reports are sent to the authorities. This research

  10. An Interoperable Architecture for Air Pollution Early Warning System Based on Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samadzadegan, F.; Zahmatkesh, H.; Saber, M.; Ghazi khanlou, H. J.

    2013-09-01

    Environmental monitoring systems deal with time-sensitive issues which require quick responses in emergency situations. Handling the sensor observations in near real-time and obtaining valuable information is challenging issues in these systems from a technical and scientific point of view. The ever-increasing population growth in urban areas has caused certain problems in developing countries, which has direct or indirect impact on human life. One of applicable solution for controlling and managing air quality by considering real time and update air quality information gathered by spatially distributed sensors in mega cities, using sensor web technology for developing monitoring and early warning systems. Urban air quality monitoring systems using functionalities of geospatial information system as a platform for analysing, processing, and visualization of data in combination with Sensor Web for supporting decision support systems in disaster management and emergency situations. This system uses Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), which offers a standard framework that allows the integration of sensors and sensor data into spatial data infrastructures. SWE framework introduces standards for services to access sensor data and discover events from sensor data streams as well as definition set of standards for the description of sensors and the encoding of measurements. The presented system provides capabilities to collect, transfer, share, process air quality sensor data and disseminate air quality status in real-time. It is possible to overcome interoperability challenges by using standard framework. In a routine scenario, air quality data measured by in-situ sensors are communicated to central station where data is analysed and processed. The extracted air quality status is processed for discovering emergency situations, and if necessary air quality reports are sent to the authorities. This research proposed an

  11. A Web service-based architecture for real-time hydrologic sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, B. P.; Zhao, Y.; Kerkez, B.

    2014-12-01

    Recent advances in web services and cloud computing provide new means by which to process and respond to real-time data. This is particularly true of platforms built for the Internet of Things (IoT). These enterprise-scale platforms have been designed to exploit the IP-connectivity of sensors and actuators, providing a robust means by which to route real-time data feeds and respond to events of interest. While powerful and scalable, these platforms have yet to be adopted by the hydrologic community, where the value of real-time data impacts both scientists and decision makers. We discuss the use of one such IoT platform for the purpose of large-scale hydrologic measurements, showing how rapid deployment and ease-of-use allows scientists to focus on their experiment rather than software development. The platform is hardware agnostic, requiring only IP-connectivity of field devices to capture, store, process, and visualize data in real-time. We demonstrate the benefits of real-time data through a real-world use case by showing how our architecture enables the remote control of sensor nodes, thereby permitting the nodes to adaptively change sampling strategies to capture major hydrologic events of interest.

  12. Space-Based Sensor Web for Earth Science Applications: An Integrated Architecture for Providing Societal Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Shahid; Talabac, Stephen J.

    2004-01-01

    There is a significant interest in the Earth Science research and user remote sensing community to substantially increase the number of useful observations relative to the current frequency of collection. The obvious reason for such a push is to improve the temporal, spectral, and spatial coverage of the area(s) under investigation. However, there is little analysis available in terms of the benefits, costs and the optimal set of sensors needed to make the necessary observations. Classic observing system solutions may no longer be applicable because of their point design philosophy. Instead, a new intelligent data collection system paradigm employing both reactive and proactive measurement strategies with adaptability to the dynamics of the phenomena should be developed. This is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced across various boundaries including: science, modeling, applications, and technology. Modeling plays a crucial role in making useful predictions about naturally occurring or human-induced phenomena In particular, modeling can serve to mitigate the potentially deleterious impacts a phenomenon may have on human life, property, and the economy. This is especially significant when one is interested in learning about the dynamics of, for example, the spread of forest fires, regional to large-scale air quality issues, the spread of the harmful invasive species, or the atmospheric transport of volcanic plumes and ash. This paper identifies and examines these challenging issues and presents architectural alternatives for an integrated sensor web to provide observing scenarios driving the requisite dynamic spatial, spectral, and temporal characteristics to address these key application areas. A special emphasis is placed on the observing systems and its operational aspects in serving the multiple users and stakeholders in providing societal benefits. We also address how such systems will take advantage of technological advancement in

  13. Semantic Sensor Web Enablement for COAST Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) is an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) that facilitates discovery and integration of...

  14. GITEWS, an extensible and open integration platform for manifold sensor systems and processing components based on Sensor Web Enablement and the principles of Service Oriented Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haener, Rainer; Waechter, Joachim; Fleischer, Jens; Herrnkind, Stefan; Schwarting, Herrmann

    2010-05-01

    The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is a multifaceted system consisting of various sensor types like seismometers, sea level sensors or GPS stations, and processing components, all with their own system behavior and proprietary data structure. To operate a warning chain, beginning from measurements scaling up to warning products, all components have to interact in a correct way, both syntactically and semantically. Designing the system great emphasis was laid on conformity to the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) specification by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The technical infrastructure, the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) follows the blueprint of Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). The TSB is an integration concept (SWE) where functionality (observe, task, notify, alert, and process) is grouped around business processes (Monitoring, Decision Support, Sensor Management) and packaged as interoperable services (SAS, SOS, SPS, WNS). The benefits of using a flexible architecture together with SWE lead to an open integration platform: • accessing and controlling heterogeneous sensors in a uniform way (Functional Integration) • assigns functionality to distinct services (Separation of Concerns) • allows resilient relationship between systems (Loose Coupling) • integrates services so that they can be accessed from everywhere (Location Transparency) • enables infrastructures which integrate heterogeneous applications (Encapsulation) • allows combination of services (Orchestration) and data exchange within business processes Warning systems will evolve over time: New sensor types might be added, old sensors will be replaced and processing components will be improved. From a collection of few basic services it shall be possible to compose more complex functionality essential for specific warning systems. Given these requirements a flexible infrastructure is a prerequisite for sustainable systems and their architecture must be

  15. Autonomy and Sensor Webs: The Evolution of Mission Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Rob

    2008-01-01

    Demonstration of these sensor web capabilities will enable fast responding science campaigns that combine spaceborne, airborne, and ground assets. Sensor webs will also require new operations paradigms. These sensor webs will be operated directly by scientists using science goals to control their instruments. We will explore these new operations architectures through a study of existing sensor web prototypes.

  16. Web Service Architecture Framework for Embedded Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanzick, Paul David

    2009-01-01

    The use of Service Oriented Architectures, namely web services, has become a widely adopted method for transfer of data between systems across the Internet as well as the Enterprise. Adopting a similar approach to embedded devices is also starting to emerge as personal devices and sensor networks are becoming more common in the industry. This…

  17. A Future Sensor Web for the Environment in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    SCHADE SVEN; Craglia, Massimo

    2010-01-01

    Initially the Sensor Web was defined as a web of physical sensors or sensor networks (Di, 2007). With the advent of service oriented architecture (SOA), the definition gained a more technical focus, where virtual sensors may also encapsulate simulations of geospatial phenomena (Di, 2007). A second extension, encapsulating citizen as sensors, was proposed recently (Goodchild, 2007). Today, numerous use cases for each of these three aspects of the Sensor Web are available to environmental scien...

  18. Sensor Webs in Virtual Globes

    CERN Document Server

    Heavner, M; Hood, E; Connor, C

    2009-01-01

    A sensor web is a collection of heterogeneous sensors which autonomously reacts to the observed environment. The SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER) project has implemented a sensor web in partially glaciated watersheds near Juneau, Alaska, on the edge of the Juneau Icefield. By coupling the SEAMONSTER sensor web with digital earth technologies the scientific utility, education and public outreach efforts, and sensor web management of the project all greatly benefit. This paper describes the scientific motivation for a sensor web, the technology developed to implement the sensor web, the software developed to couple the sensor web with digital earth technologies, and demonstrates the SEAMONSTER sensor web in a digital earth framework.

  19. Adaptive reconfigurable distributed sensor architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akey, Mark L.

    1997-07-01

    The infancy of unattended ground based sensors is quickly coming to an end with the arrival of on-board GPS, networking, and multiple sensing capabilities. Unfortunately, their use is only first-order at best: GPS assists with sensor report registration; networks push sensor reports back to the warfighter and forwards control information to the sensors; multispectral sensing is a preset, pre-deployment consideration; and the scalability of large sensor networks is questionable. Current architectures provide little synergy among or within the sensors either before or after deployment, and do not map well to the tactical user's organizational structures and constraints. A new distributed sensor architecture is defined which moves well beyond single sensor, single task architectures. Advantages include: (1) automatic mapping of tactical direction to multiple sensors' tasks; (2) decentralized, distributed management of sensor resources and tasks; (3) software reconfiguration of deployed sensors; (4) network scalability and flexibility to meet the constraints of tactical deployments, and traditional combat organizations and hierarchies; and (5) adaptability to new battlefield communication paradigms such as BADD (Battlefield Analysis and Data Dissemination). The architecture is supported in two areas: a recursive, structural definition of resource configuration and management via loose associations; and a hybridization of intelligent software agents with tele- programming capabilities. The distributed sensor architecture is examined within the context of air-deployed ground sensors with acoustic, communication direction finding, and infra-red capabilities. Advantages and disadvantages of the architecture are examined. Consideration is given to extended sensor life (up to 6 months), post-deployment sensor reconfiguration, limited on- board sensor resources (processor and memory), and bandwidth. It is shown that technical tasking of the sensor suite can be automatically

  20. Applying Sensor Web Technology to Marine Sensor Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirka, Simon; del Rio, Joaquin; Mihai Toma, Daniel; Nüst, Daniel; Stasch, Christoph; Delory, Eric

    2015-04-01

    In this contribution we present two activities illustrating how Sensor Web technology helps to enable a flexible and interoperable sharing of marine observation data based on standards. An important foundation is the Sensor Web Architecture developed by the European FP7 project NeXOS (Next generation Low-Cost Multifunctional Web Enabled Ocean Sensor Systems Empowering Marine, Maritime and Fisheries Management). This architecture relies on the Open Geospatial Consortium's (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework. It is an exemplary solution for facilitating the interoperable exchange of marine observation data within and between (research) organisations. The architecture addresses a series of functional and non-functional requirements which are fulfilled through different types of OGC SWE components. The diverse functionalities offered by the NeXOS Sensor Web architecture are shown in the following overview: - Pull-based observation data download: This is achieved through the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) 2.0 interface standard. - Push-based delivery of observation data to allow users the subscription to new measurements that are relevant for them: For this purpose there are currently several specification activities under evaluation (e.g. OGC Sensor Event Service, OGC Publish/Subscribe Standards Working Group). - (Web-based) visualisation of marine observation data: Implemented through SOS client applications. - Configuration and controlling of sensor devices: This is ensured through the OGC Sensor Planning Service 2.0 interface. - Bridging between sensors/data loggers and Sensor Web components: For this purpose several components such as the "Smart Electronic Interface for Sensor Interoperability" (SEISI) concept are developed; this is complemented by a more lightweight SOS extension (e.g. based on the W3C Efficient XML Interchange (EXI) format). To further advance this architecture, there is on-going work to develop dedicated profiles of selected OGC

  1. Functional webs for freeform architecture

    KAUST Repository

    Deng, Bailin

    2011-08-01

    Rationalization and construction-aware design dominate the issue of realizability of freeform architecture. The former means the decomposition of an intended shape into parts which are sufficiently simple and efficient to manufacture; the latter refers to a design procedure which already incorporates rationalization. Recent contributions to this topic have been concerned mostly with small-scale parts, for instance with planar faces of meshes. The present paper deals with another important aspect, namely long-range parts and supporting structures. It turns out that from the pure geometry viewpoint this means studying families of curves which cover surfaces in certain well-defined ways. Depending on the application one has in mind, different combinatorial arrangements of curves are required. We here restrict ourselves to so-called hexagonal webs which correspond to a triangular or tri-hex decomposition of a surface. The individual curve may have certain special properties, like being planar, being a geodesic, or being part of a circle. Each of these properties is motivated by manufacturability considerations and imposes constraints on the shape of the surface. We investigate the available degrees of freedom, show numerical methods of optimization, and demonstrate the effectivity of our approach and the variability of construction solutions derived from webs by means of actual architectural designs.

  2. Web Service Architecture for e-Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Qiu

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Message-based Web Service architecture provides a unified approach to applications and Web Services that incorporates the flexibility of messaging and distributed components. We propose SMMV and MMMV collaboration as the general architecture of collaboration based on a Web service model, which accommodates both instructor-led learning and participatory learning. This approach derives from our message-based Model-View-Controller (M-MVC architecture of Web applications, comprises an event-driven Publish/Subscribe scheme, and provides effective collaboration with high interactivity of rich Web content for diverse clients over heterogeneous network environments.

  3. Multi-Sensor Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki; Khan, M. Z.

    2012-01-01

    The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type......, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the data fusion from a number of sensors could provide better and reliable estimation but abundance...... processing units for same type of multiple sensors, typically radar in our case....

  4. Autonomous Mission Operations for Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underbrink, A.; Witt, K.; Stanley, J.; Mandl, D.

    2008-12-01

    We present interim results of a 2005 ROSES AIST project entitled, "Using Intelligent Agents to Form a Sensor Web for Autonomous Mission Operations", or SWAMO. The goal of the SWAMO project is to shift the control of spacecraft missions from a ground-based, centrally controlled architecture to a collaborative, distributed set of intelligent agents. The network of intelligent agents intends to reduce management requirements by utilizing model-based system prediction and autonomic model/agent collaboration. SWAMO agents are distributed throughout the Sensor Web environment, which may include multiple spacecraft, aircraft, ground systems, and ocean systems, as well as manned operations centers. The agents monitor and manage sensor platforms, Earth sensing systems, and Earth sensing models and processes. The SWAMO agents form a Sensor Web of agents via peer-to-peer coordination. Some of the intelligent agents are mobile and able to traverse between on-orbit and ground-based systems. Other agents in the network are responsible for encapsulating system models to perform prediction of future behavior of the modeled subsystems and components to which they are assigned. The software agents use semantic web technologies to enable improved information sharing among the operational entities of the Sensor Web. The semantics include ontological conceptualizations of the Sensor Web environment, plus conceptualizations of the SWAMO agents themselves. By conceptualizations of the agents, we mean knowledge of their state, operational capabilities, current operational capacities, Web Service search and discovery results, agent collaboration rules, etc. The need for ontological conceptualizations over the agents is to enable autonomous and autonomic operations of the Sensor Web. The SWAMO ontology enables automated decision making and responses to the dynamic Sensor Web environment and to end user science requests. The current ontology is compatible with Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC

  5. GeoCENS: a geospatial cyberinfrastructure for the world-wide sensor web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Steve H L; Huang, Chih-Yuan

    2013-01-01

    The world-wide sensor web has become a very useful technique for monitoring the physical world at spatial and temporal scales that were previously impossible. Yet we believe that the full potential of sensor web has thus far not been revealed. In order to harvest the world-wide sensor web's full potential, a geospatial cyberinfrastructure is needed to store, process, and deliver large amount of sensor data collected worldwide. In this paper, we first define the issue of the sensor web long tail followed by our view of the world-wide sensor web architecture. Then, we introduce the Geospatial Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Sensing (GeoCENS) architecture and explain each of its components. Finally, with demonstration of three real-world powered-by-GeoCENS sensor web applications, we believe that the GeoCENS architecture can successfully address the sensor web long tail issue and consequently realize the world-wide sensor web vision.

  6. WebTag: Web browsing into sensor tags over NFC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Alvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm.

  7. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Álvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm. PMID:23012511

  8. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Jose Echevarria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.. This work presents a novel solution (WebTag for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm.

  9. Information Architecture for Bilingual Web Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunliffe, Daniel; Jones, Helen; Jarvis, Melanie; Egan, Kevin; Huws, Rhian; Munro, Sian

    2002-01-01

    Discusses creating an information architecture for a bilingual Web site and reports work in progress on the development of a content-based bilingual Web site to facilitate shared resources between speech and language therapists. Considers a structural analysis of existing bilingual Web designs and explains a card-sorting activity conducted with…

  10. DEPENDABLE WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ISSUES – SPATIAL WEB SERVICES CASE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    D. Shravani; P. Suresh Varma; K.Venkateswar Rao; B.Padmaja Rani; M.Upendra Kumar

    2012-01-01

    This research “Designing Dependable Web Services Security Architecture Solutions” addresses the innovative idea of Web Services Security Engineering using Web Services Security Architecture with a research motivation of Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design. It deals with Web Services Security Architecture for Web Services Secure application design, for Authentication and authorization, using Model Driven Architecture (MDA) based Agile Modeled Layered Security Architectur...

  11. Research of marine sensor web based on SOA and EDA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yongguo; Dou, Jinfeng; Guo, Zhongwen; Hu, Keyong

    2015-04-01

    A great deal of ocean sensor observation data exists, for a wide range of marine disciplines, derived from in situ and remote observing platforms, in real-time, near-real-time and delayed mode. Ocean monitoring is routinely completed using sensors and instruments. Standardization is the key requirement for exchanging information about ocean sensors and sensor data and for comparing and combining information from different sensor networks. One or more sensors are often physically integrated into a single ocean `instrument' device, which often brings in many challenges related to diverse sensor data formats, parameters units, different spatiotemporal resolution, application domains, data quality and sensors protocols. To face these challenges requires the standardization efforts aiming at facilitating the so-called Sensor Web, which making it easy to provide public access to sensor data and metadata information. In this paper, a Marine Sensor Web, based on SOA and EDA and integrating the MBARI's PUCK protocol, IEEE 1451 and OGC SWE 2.0, is illustrated with a five-layer architecture. The Web Service layer and Event Process layer are illustrated in detail with an actual example. The demo study has demonstrated that a standard-based system can be built to access sensors and marine instruments distributed globally using common Web browsers for monitoring the environment and oceanic conditions besides marine sensor data on the Web, this framework of Marine Sensor Web can also play an important role in many other domains' information integration.

  12. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Louis; Morville, Peter

    This book provides effective approaches for designers, information architects, and web site managers who are faced with sites that are becoming difficult to use and maintain. The book is divided into 10 sections. Chapter 1: "What Makes a Web Site Work" considers site users needs when designing the architecture; Chapter 2: "Introduction to…

  13. Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines

    OpenAIRE

    Imad Jawhar; Jameela Al-Jaroodi; Nader Mohamed; Liren Zhang

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency) wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network...

  14. Architectural patterns regarding web application domain usability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Arciniegas Herrera

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Usability is one of the quality characteristics having the greatest impact on final user acceptation in a web application context. However, the relationship between usability and software architecture has not been completely identified and characterised. Some work has found some relationships between usability and architecture but not between architectural patterns. This paper’s main contribution lies in its identification of architecture patterns and how they have influenced usability within the context of web applications. This study is useful for architects and new product designers regarding the early identification of possible problems and/or advantages (at architectural level, using some of them in a web application. Additionally, architects could identify weak- nesses in initial designs thereby increasing final user satisfaction. The study could be useful when a web application is being eva- luated, since detecting possible usability problems or weaknesses implies that it should be improved. Consequently, some chan- ges would be made to the application, both in its interfaces and at architectural level. In this case, the problem can be related and the most suitable solution be suggested in terms of patterns. The impact of this work’s architectural pattern has been vali- dated on two Colombian small- and medium-sized enterprises which have exercised some of the proposed patterns and verified their influence on usability properties.

  15. Data Architecture for Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ježek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Fast development of hardware in recent years leads to the high availability of simple sensing devices at minimal cost. As a consequence, there is many of sensor networks nowadays. These networks can continuously produce a large amount of observed data including the location of measurement. Optimal data architecture for such propose is a challenging issue due to its large scale and spatio-temporal nature.  The aim of this paper is to describe data architecture that was used in a particular solution for storage of sensor data. This solution is based on relation data model – concretely PostgreSQL and PostGIS. We will mention out experience from real world projects focused on car monitoring and project targeted on agriculture sensor networks. We will also shortly demonstrate the possibilities of client side API and the potential of other open source libraries that can be used for cartographic visualization (e.g. GeoServer. The main objective is to describe the strength and weakness of usage of relation database system for such propose and to introduce also alternative approaches based on NoSQL concept.

  16. Information architecture for a planetary 'exploration web'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamarra, N.; McVittie, T.

    2002-01-01

    'Web services' is a common way of deploying distributed applications whose software components and data sources may be in different locations, formats, languages, etc. Although such collaboration is not utilized significantly in planetary exploration, we believe there is significant benefit in developing an architecture in which missions could leverage each others capabilities. We believe that an incremental deployment of such an architecture could significantly contribute to the evolution of increasingly capable, efficient, and even autonomous remote exploration.

  17. Sensor Open System Architecture (SOSA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collier, Charles P.; Lipkin, Ilya; Davidson, Steven A.; Dirner, Jason

    2016-05-01

    The Sensor Open System Architecture (SOSA) is a C4ISR-focused technical and economic collaborative effort between the Air Force, Navy, Army, the Department of Defense (DoD), Industry, and other Governmental agencies to develop (and incorporate) technical Open Systems Architecture standards in order to maximize C4ISR sub-system, system, and platform affordability, re-configurability, overall performance, and hardware/software/firmware re-use. The SOSA effort will effectively create an operational and technical framework for the integration of disparate payloads into C4ISR systems; with a focus on the development of a functional decomposition for common multi-purpose backbone architecture for radar, EO/IR, SIGINT, EW, and communications modalities. SOSA addresses hardware, software, and mechanical/electrical interfaces. The functional decomposition will produce a set of re-useable components, interfaces, and sub-systems that engender re-usable capabilities. This, in effect, creates a realistic and affordable ecosystem enabling mission effectiveness through systematic re-use of all available re-composed hardware, software, and electrical/mechanical base components and interfaces.

  18. Sensor network architectures for monitoring underwater pipelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Nader; Jawhar, Imad; Al-Jaroodi, Jameela; Zhang, Liren

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (radio frequency) wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network architectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring.

  19. Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imad Jawhar

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network architectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring.

  20. Hybrid architecture for building secure sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Ken R., Jr.; Watkins, Steve E.

    2012-04-01

    Sensor networks have various communication and security architectural concerns. Three approaches are defined to address these concerns for sensor networks. The first area is the utilization of new computing architectures that leverage embedded virtualization software on the sensor. Deploying a small, embedded virtualization operating system on the sensor nodes that is designed to communicate to low-cost cloud computing infrastructure in the network is the foundation to delivering low-cost, secure sensor networks. The second area focuses on securing the sensor. Sensor security components include developing an identification scheme, and leveraging authentication algorithms and protocols that address security assurance within the physical, communication network, and application layers. This function will primarily be accomplished through encrypting the communication channel and integrating sensor network firewall and intrusion detection/prevention components to the sensor network architecture. Hence, sensor networks will be able to maintain high levels of security. The third area addresses the real-time and high priority nature of the data that sensor networks collect. This function requires that a quality-of-service (QoS) definition and algorithm be developed for delivering the right data at the right time. A hybrid architecture is proposed that combines software and hardware features to handle network traffic with diverse QoS requirements.

  1. Architecture for web-based image processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srini, Vason P.; Pini, David; Armstrong, Matt D.; Alalusi, Sayf H.; Thendean, John; Ueng, Sain-Zee; Bushong, David P.; Borowski, Erek S.; Chao, Elaine; Rabaey, Jan M.

    1997-09-01

    A computer systems architecture for processing medical images and other data coming over the Web is proposed. The architecture comprises a Java engine for communicating images over the Internet, storing data in local memory, doing floating point calculations, and a coprocessor MIMD parallel DSP for doing fine-grained operations found in video, graphics, and image processing applications. The local memory is shared between the Java engine and the parallel DSP. Data coming from the Web is stored in the local memory. This approach avoids the frequent movement of image data between a host processor's memory and an image processor's memory, found in many image processing systems. A low-power and high performance parallel DSP architecture containing lots of processors interconnected by a segmented hierarchical network has been developed. The instruction set of the 16-bit processor supports video, graphics, and image processing calculations. Two's complement arithmetic, saturation arithmetic, and packed instructions are supported. Higher data precision such as 32-bit and 64-bit can be achieved by cascading processors. A VLSI chip implementation of the architecture containing 64 processors organized in 16 clusters and interconnected by a statically programmable hierarchical bus is in progress. The buses are segmentable by programming switches on the bus. The instruction memory of each processor has sixteen 40-bit words. Data streaming through the processor is manipulated by the instructions. Multiple operations can be performed in a single cycle in a processor. A low-power handshake protocol is used for synchronization between the sender and the receiver of data. Temporary storage for data and filter coefficients is provided in each chip. A 256 by 16 memory unit is included in each of the 16 clusters. The memory unit can be used as a delay line, FIFO, lookup table or random access memory. The architecture is scalable with technology. Portable multimedia terminals like U

  2. Time/Computationally Optimal Network Architecture: Wireless Sensor Fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Devi, Gadi Gayathri; Kumari, Priya; Jyoshna, Eslavath; Deepika; Murthy, Garimella Rama

    2013-01-01

    In this research paper, the problems dealing with sensor network architecture, sensor fusion are addressed. Time/Computationally optimal network architectures are investigated. Some novel ideas on sensor fusion are proposed.

  3. Smart sensor-based geospatial architecture for dike monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herle, S.; Becker, R.; Blankenbach, J.

    2016-04-01

    Artificial hydraulic structures like dams or dikes used for water level regulations or flood prevention are continuously under the influence of the weather and variable river regimes. Thus, ongoing monitoring and simulation is crucial in order to determine the inner condition. Potentially life-threatening situations, in extreme case a failure, must be counteracted by all available means. Nowadays flood warning systems rely exclusively on water level forecast without considering the state of the structure itself. Area-covering continuous knowledge of the inner state including time dependent changes increases the capability of recognizing and locating vulnerable spots for early treatment. In case of a predicted breach, advance warning time for alerting affected citizens can be extended. Our approach is composed of smart sensors integrated in a service-oriented geospatial architecture to monitor and simulate artificial hydraulic structures continuously. The sensors observe the inner state of the construction like the soil moisture or the stress and deformation over time but also various external influences like water levels or wind speed. They are interconnected in distributed network architecture by a so-called sensor bus system based on lightweight protocols like Message Queue Telemetry Transport for Sensor Networks (MQTT-SN). These sensor data streams are transferred into an OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) data structure providing high-level geo web services to end users. Bundled with 3rd party geo web services (WMS etc.) powerful processing and simulation tools can be invoked using the Web Processing Service (WPS) standard. Results will be visualized in a geoportal allowing user access to all information.

  4. Using sensors in the web crawling process

    OpenAIRE

    Zemskov, Ilya

    2003-01-01

    This paper offers a short description of an Internet information field monitoring system, which places a special module-sensor on the side of the Web-server to detect changes in information resources and subsequently reindexes only the resources signalized by the corresponding sensor. Concise results of simulation research and an implementation attempt of the given "sensors" concept are provided.

  5. Semantic Architecture for Web application Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Razzaq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Growth of web applications has facilitated the humanity almost in all aspects of life especially e-health, e-business and e-communication but this application are exposed for web attacks, unauthorized access, evil intentions and treacherous engagements. Various strategies have been formulated over a period of time in the form of intrusion detection system, encryption devices, and firewalls but still proved to be ineffective. In this paper, we have proposed a system having semantic architecture that is capable of performing detection semantically in the context of HTTP protocol, the data, and the target application. The knowledgebase of the system is the ontological representation of communication protocol, attacks data and the application profile that can be refined and expanded over time. Unlike traditional signature base approach, the semantic architecture analysis the HTTP request with the help of semantic rules and inferred knowledge after reasoning of knowledgebase through Inference engine. Non signature based approach of the system enhance the capability of the system to detect the unknown attacks with low false positive rate. The system is evaluated by comparing with existing open source solutions and showing significant improvement in term of detection ability with low alarm rate

  6. A Ubiquitous Sensor Network Platform for Integrating Smart Devices into the Semantic Sensor Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Díaz Pardo de Vera

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs.

  7. A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler with Focused Web Crawler

    OpenAIRE

    Sarnam Singh; Nidhi Tyagi

    2013-01-01

    This Paper described A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler withFocused Web Crawler. We enumerate the major components of any Scalable and Focused Web Crawler anddescribe the particular components used in this Novel Architecture. We also describe this Novel Architecturesupport for Extensibility and downloaded user’s support information. We also describe how the Focused WebCrawler component integrates with Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler and also desc...

  8. Designing Crop Simulation Web Service with Service Oriented Architecture Principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinnachodteeranun, R.; Hung, N. D.; Honda, K.

    2015-12-01

    Crop simulation models are efficient tools for simulating crop growth processes and yield. Running crop models requires data from various sources as well as time-consuming data processing, such as data quality checking and data formatting, before those data can be inputted to the model. It makes the use of crop modeling limited only to crop modelers. We aim to make running crop models convenient for various users so that the utilization of crop models will be expanded, which will directly improve agricultural applications. As the first step, we had developed a prototype that runs DSSAT on Web called as Tomorrow's Rice (v. 1). It predicts rice yields based on a planting date, rice's variety and soil characteristics using DSSAT crop model. A user only needs to select a planting location on the Web GUI then the system queried historical weather data from available sources and expected yield is returned. Currently, we are working on weather data connection via Sensor Observation Service (SOS) interface defined by Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Weather data can be automatically connected to a weather generator for generating weather scenarios for running the crop model. In order to expand these services further, we are designing a web service framework consisting of layers of web services to support compositions and executions for running crop simulations. This framework allows a third party application to call and cascade each service as it needs for data preparation and running DSSAT model using a dynamic web service mechanism. The framework has a module to manage data format conversion, which means users do not need to spend their time curating the data inputs. Dynamic linking of data sources and services are implemented using the Service Component Architecture (SCA). This agriculture web service platform demonstrates interoperability of weather data using SOS interface, convenient connections between weather data sources and weather generator, and connecting

  9. Developing a Secure Web Service Architecture for SVG Image Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Sabah Mohammed; Jinan Fiaidhi; Hamada Ghenniwa; Marshall Hahn

    2006-01-01

    Web Services are substantially growing and become vital for businesses and organizations. A major concern, especially for mission-critical applications is Security. This study focuses on developing Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) as Web services. In particular, we develop a service-oriented architecture that securely manages SVG Web services using the intermediary design pattern. In the proposed architecture we introduced two kinds of specialized security intermediaries to enforce SVG signatur...

  10. Advanced pixel architectures for scientific image sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Coath, R; Godbeer, A; Wilson, M; Turchetta, R

    2009-01-01

    We present recent developments from two projects targeting advanced pixel architectures for scientific applications. Results are reported from FORTIS, a sensor demonstrating variants on a 4T pixel architecture. The variants include differences in pixel and diode size, the in-pixel source follower transistor size and the capacitance of the readout node to optimise for low noise and sensitivity to small amounts of charge. Results are also reported from TPAC, a complex pixel architecture with ~160 transistors per pixel. Both sensors were manufactured in the 0.18μm INMAPS process, which includes a special deep p-well layer and fabrication on a high resistivity epitaxial layer for improved charge collection efficiency.

  11. Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haytham T. Al-Feel

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there is no agreement for one of these visions nor is there a clear picture for the relation between different layers inside this architecture and the associated technologies. The objectives of this study were to: (i Identify the weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures and (ii Reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses. Approach: This research uses the Qualitative Analysis Approach of Taylor and Renner, presents the four versions of the Semantic Web architecture, describing the function(s and status of each layer and associated technologies, evaluates them using Gerber evaluation method and determines other design principles needed to modify and adapt this architecture as a step toward an agreement for one Semantic Web architecture. Results: The design of a new model for the Semantic Web architecture depends on the idea of previous versions. Conclusion: As a step toward a unified architecture for the Semantic Web, our study of the Semantic Web architecture highlighted some weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures, modify, adapt and reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses.

  12. Multi- Layer Tree Hierarchical Architecture Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TONG Hengjian; LI Deren; ZHU Xinyan; SHAO Zhenfeng

    2006-01-01

    To solve the problem of the information share and services integration in population information system, we propose a multi-layer tree hierarchical architecture. The com mand (Web Service Call) is recursively multicast from top layer of tree to bottom layer of tree and statistical data are gathered from bottom layer to top layer. We implemented the architecture by using Web Services technology. In our implementation, client program is the requestor of Web Services,and all leaf nodes of the last layer are only the provider of Web Services. For those nodes of intermediate layers, every node is not only the provider of Web Services, but also the dispatcher of Web Services. We take population census as an example to describe the working flow of the architecture.

  13. DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.UPENDRA KUMAR

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Service Orientation Engineering (SOE (using Web Services and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standard: Web Service Layer, Web Services Framework Layer (.NET or J2EE, and Web Server Layer. In services oriented web services architecture, business processes are executed as a composition of services, which can suffer from vulnerabilities pertaining to secure data access and protecting code of Web Services. The goal of the Web services security architecture is to summary out the details of message-level security from the mainstream business logic, with a focus on Web Service contract design and versioning for SOA. Service oriented web services architectures impose additional analysis complexity as they provide much flexibility and frequentchanges with in orchestrated processes and services. In this paper, we discuss about developing dependable solutions for Web Services Security Architectures using Agile Layered security architectures in terms of Privacy requirements. All this research is motivated by Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design research domain. We initially validate this by a BPEL Editor using GWT for RBAC and Privacy. Finally a real world case study is implemented using J2EE, for validating our approach. Secure Stock Exchange System using Web Services is to automate the stock exchange works, and can help user make the decisions when it comes to investment.

  14. Fast notification architecture for wireless sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong-Hahk

    2013-03-01

    In an emergency, since it is vital to transmit the message to the users immediately after analysing the data to prevent disaster, this article presents the deployment of a fast notification architecture for a wireless sensor network. The sensor nodes of the proposed architecture can monitor an emergency situation periodically and transmit the sensing data, immediately to the sink node. We decide on the grade of fire situation according to the decision rule using the sensing values of temperature, CO, smoke density and temperature increasing rate. On the other hand, to estimate the grade of air pollution, the sensing data, such as dust, formaldehyde, NO2, CO2, is applied to the given knowledge model. Since the sink node in the architecture has a ZigBee interface, it can transmit the alert messages in real time according to analysed results received from the host server to the terminals equipped with a SIM card-type ZigBee module. Also, the host server notifies the situation to the registered users who have cellular phone through short message service server of the cellular network. Thus, the proposed architecture can adapt an emergency situation dynamically compared to the conventional architecture using video processing. In the testbed, after generating air pollution and fire data, the terminal receives the message in less than 3 s. In the test results, this system can also be applied to buildings and public areas where many people gather together, to prevent unexpected disasters in urban settings.

  15. An Access Control Metamodel for Web Service-Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Emig, Christian; Brandt, Frank; Abeck, Sebastian; Biermann, Jürgen; Klarl, Heiko

    2008-01-01

    With the mutual consent to use WSDL (Web Service Description Language) to describe web service interfaces and SOAP as the basic communication protocol, the cornerstone for web service-oriented architecture (WSOA) has been established. Considering the momentum observable by the growing number of specifications in the web service domain for the indispensable cross-cutting concern of identity management (IdM) it is still an open issue how a WSOA-aware IdM architecture is built and how it is link...

  16. Wireless Sensor Network Architectures for Different Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Narayan Bal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent technological advances enabled the design andproliferation of wireless sensor networks capable ofautonomously monitoring and controlling environments. Oneof the most promising applications of sensor networks is forhuman health monitoring. The wireless body area networkspromise to revolutionize health monitoring. Within a smartbuilding many sensors and actuators are interconnected to forma control system. Here a web services-based approach tointegrate resource constrained sensor and actuator nodes intoIP-based networks. A key feature of this approach is itscapability for automatic service discovery. IntelligentVehicular Systems (IVSs emerged as a potential candidate forbenefiting from the unique features and capabilities of WSNs.In IVSs, transportation infrastructure is supported with theingenious achievements of computer and informationtechnology to resolve severe situations like traffic congestionand cope with emergency conditions like major accidents.

  17. SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for Semantic Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol) is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP is the driving technology behind the Virtual Plant Information Network, an NSF-funded semantic w...

  18. High dynamic range imaging sensors and architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Darmont, Arnaud

    2013-01-01

    Illumination is a crucial element in many applications, matching the luminance of the scene with the operational range of a camera. When luminance cannot be adequately controlled, a high dynamic range (HDR) imaging system may be necessary. These systems are being increasingly used in automotive on-board systems, road traffic monitoring, and other industrial, security, and military applications. This book provides readers with an intermediate discussion of HDR image sensors and techniques for industrial and non-industrial applications. It describes various sensor and pixel architectures capable

  19. Dynamic Web Service Composition within a Service-Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Jureta, Ivan; Faulkner, Stéphane; Achbany, Youssef; Saerens, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Increasing automation requires open, distributed, service-oriented systems capable of multicriteria-driven, dynamic adaptation for appropriate response to changing operating conditions. We combine a simple architecture with a novel algorithm to enable openness, distribution, and multi-criteria-driven service composition at runtime. The service-oriented architecture involves mediator web services coordinating other web services into compositions necessary to fulfil user requests. By basing med...

  20. Architecture and Routing Protocols for Smart Wireless Home Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Xu; Shuai Wu; Ruochen Tan; Zheng Chen; Min Zha; Tina Tsou

    2013-01-01

    As an important application domain of wireless sensor networks (WSN), wireless home sensor network (WHSN) can be built as a traditional WSN. However, when we consider its own character that plug-in sensors are fixed with AC power supply while mobile sensors are battery powered, traditional WSN techniques do not match well. In this paper, we propose a smart wireless home sensor network architecture with improved routing protocols. It is a hierarchical architecture in which AC-powered sensors a...

  1. Realtime Data to Enable Earth-Observing Sensor Web Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seablom, M. S.

    2015-12-01

    Over the past decade NASA's Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) has invested in new technologies for information systems to enhance the Earth-observing capabilities of satellites, aircraft, and ground-based in situ observations. One focus area has been to create a common infrastructure for coordinated measurements from multiple vantage points which could be commanded either manually or through autonomous means, such as from a numerical model. This paradigm became known as the sensor web, formally defined to be "a coherent set of heterogeneous, loosely-coupled, distributed observing nodes interconnected by a communications fabric that can collectively behave as a single dynamically adaptive and reconfigurable observing system". This would allow for adaptive targeting of rapidly evolving, transient, or variable meteorological features to improve our ability to monitor, understand, and predict their evolution. It would also enable measurements earmarked at critical regions of the atmosphere that are highly sensitive to data analysis errors, thus offering the potential for significant improvements in the predictive skill of numerical weather forecasts. ESTO's investment strategy was twofold. Recognizing that implementation of an operational sensor web would not only involve technical cost and risk but also would require changes to the culture of how flight missions were designed and operated, ESTO funded the development of a mission-planning simulator that would quantitatively assess the added value of coordinated observations. The simulator was designed to provide the capability to perform low-cost engineering and design trade studies using synthetic data generated by observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs). The second part of the investment strategy was to invest in prototype applications that implemented key features of a sensor web, with the dual goals of developing a sensor web reference architecture as well as supporting useful science activities that

  2. DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    M.Upendra Kumar; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar; Dr. B.PADMAJA RANI; K.Venkateswara Rao

    2011-01-01

    Service Orientation Engineering (SOE) (using Web Services) and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standar...

  3. Medical Web Interface for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Maciuca

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The current paper proposes a smart web interface designed for monitoring the status of the elderly people. There are four main user types used in the web application: the administrator (who has power access to all the application’s functionalities, the patient (who has access to his own personal data, like parameters history, personal details, relatives of the patient (who have administrable access to the person in care, access that is defined by the patient and the medic (who can view the medical history of the patient and prescribe different medications or interpret the received parameters data. The main purpose of this web application is to receive and analyze received data from body sensors like accelerometers, EKG or GSR sensors, or even ambient sensors like gas detectors, humidity, pressure or temperature sensors. After processing the harvested information, the web application decides if an alert has to be triggered and sends it to a specialized call center (for example, if the patient’s body temperature is over 40 degrees Celsius.

  4. Designing Dependable Service Oriented Web Services Security Architectures Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Upendra Kumar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available System Security Architecture from a software engineering viewpoint imposes that strong security must be a guiding principle of the entire software development process. It describes a way to weave security into systems architecture, and it identifies common patterns of implementation found in most security products. The security and software engineering communities must find ways to develop software correctly in a timely and cost-effective fashion. There’s no substitute for working software security as deeply into the evelopment process as possible. System designers and developers must take a more proactive role in building secure software. The root of most security problems is software that fails in unexpected ways whenunder attack. The enforcement of security at the design phase canreduce the cost and effort associated with the introduction of security during implementation. At the architecture level a systemmust be coherent and present unified security architecture that takes into account security principles (such as the least privilege. In this paper we want to discuss about different facets of security as applicable to Service Oriented Architectures (SOA Security Architecture implementations. First we examine the securityrequirements and its solution mechanisms. In the context of WebServices, the predominant SOA implementation standard has a crucial role to play. The Web Services architecture is expected to play a prominent role in developing next generation distributed systems. Building dependable systems based on web services architecture is a major research issue being discussed. Finally, we provide a case study of Web Services Security Architecture, enhancing its security pertaining to Web 2.0 AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML and its Security encryption of data using MD5algorithm.

  5. Design for Connecting Spatial Data Infrastructures with Sensor Web (sensdi)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, D.; M., M.

    2016-06-01

    Integrating Sensor Web With Spatial Data Infrastructures (SENSDI) aims to extend SDIs with sensor web enablement, converging geospatial and built infrastructure, and implement test cases with sensor data and SDI. It is about research to harness the sensed environment by utilizing domain specific sensor data to create a generalized sensor webframework. The challenges being semantic enablement for Spatial Data Infrastructures, and connecting the interfaces of SDI with interfaces of Sensor Web. The proposed research plan is to Identify sensor data sources, Setup an open source SDI, Match the APIs and functions between Sensor Web and SDI, and Case studies like hazard applications, urban applications etc. We take up co-operative development of SDI best practices to enable a new realm of a location enabled and semantically enriched World Wide Web - the "Geospatial Web" or "Geosemantic Web" by setting up one to one correspondence between WMS, WFS, WCS, Metadata and 'Sensor Observation Service' (SOS); 'Sensor Planning Service' (SPS); 'Sensor Alert Service' (SAS); a service that facilitates asynchronous message interchange between users and services, and between two OGC-SWE services, called the 'Web Notification Service' (WNS). Hence in conclusion, it is of importance to geospatial studies to integrate SDI with Sensor Web. The integration can be done through merging the common OGC interfaces of SDI and Sensor Web. Multi-usability studies to validate integration has to be undertaken as future research.

  6. DESIGN FOR CONNECTING SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES WITH SENSOR WEB (SENSDI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Bhattacharya

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Integrating Sensor Web With Spatial Data Infrastructures (SENSDI aims to extend SDIs with sensor web enablement, converging geospatial and built infrastructure, and implement test cases with sensor data and SDI. It is about research to harness the sensed environment by utilizing domain specific sensor data to create a generalized sensor webframework. The challenges being semantic enablement for Spatial Data Infrastructures, and connecting the interfaces of SDI with interfaces of Sensor Web. The proposed research plan is to Identify sensor data sources, Setup an open source SDI, Match the APIs and functions between Sensor Web and SDI, and Case studies like hazard applications, urban applications etc. We take up co-operative development of SDI best practices to enable a new realm of a location enabled and semantically enriched World Wide Web - the "Geospatial Web" or "Geosemantic Web" by setting up one to one correspondence between WMS, WFS, WCS, Metadata and 'Sensor Observation Service' (SOS; 'Sensor Planning Service' (SPS; 'Sensor Alert Service' (SAS; a service that facilitates asynchronous message interchange between users and services, and between two OGC-SWE services, called the 'Web Notification Service' (WNS. Hence in conclusion, it is of importance to geospatial studies to integrate SDI with Sensor Web. The integration can be done through merging the common OGC interfaces of SDI and Sensor Web. Multi-usability studies to validate integration has to be undertaken as future research.

  7. An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Denzer

    2008-03-01

    Infrastructure forRisk Management’ (ORCHESTRA, http://www.eu-orchestra.org/ and ‘Sensors Anywhere’(SANY, http://sany-ip.eu/ are discussed in this article. These projects have developed anopen distributed information technology architecture and have implemented web servicesfor the accessing and using data emanating, for example, from sensor networks. Thesedevelopments are based on existing data and service standards proposed by internationalorganizations. The projects seek to develop the ideals of the EC directive INSPIRE(http://inspire.jrc.it, which was launched in 2001 and whose implementation began this year(2007, into the risk management domain. Thanks to the open nature of the architecture andservices being developed within these projects, they can be implemented by any interestedparty and can be accessed by all potential users. The architecture is based around a serviceorientedapproach that makes use of Internet-based applications (web services whose inputsand outputs conform to standards. The benefit of this philosophy is that it is expected tofavor the emergence of an operational market for risk management services in Europe, iteliminates the need to replace or radically alter the hundreds of already operational ITsystems in Europe (drastically lowering costs for users, and it allows users and stakeholdersto achieve interoperability while using the system most adequate to their needs, budgets,culture etc. (i.e. it has flexibility.

  8. Knowledge Base Grid: A Generic Grid Architecture for Semantic Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU ZhaoHui(吴朝晖); CHEN HuaJun(陈华钧); XU JieFeng(徐杰锋)

    2003-01-01

    The emergence of semantic web will result in an enormous amount of knowledge base resources on the web. In this paper, a generic Knowledge Base Grid Architecture (KB-Grid)for building large-scale knowledge systems on the semantic web is presented. KB-Grid suggests a paradigm that emphasizes how to organize, discover, utilize, and manage web knowledge base resources. Four principal components are under development: a semantic browser for retrieving and browsing semantically enriched information, a knowledge server acting as the web container for knowledge, an ontology server for managing web ontologies, and a knowledge base directory server acting as the registry and catalog of KBs. Also a referential model of knowledge service and the mechanisms required for semantic communication within KB-Grid are defined. To verify the design rationale underlying the KB-Grid, an implementation of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) is described.

  9. A resource-oriented architecture for a Geospatial Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, Paolo; Nativi, Stefano

    2010-05-01

    In this presentation we discuss some architectural issues on the design of an architecture for a Geospatial Web, that is an information system for sharing geospatial resources according to the Web paradigm. The success of the Web in building a multi-purpose information space, has raised questions about the possibility of adopting the same approach for systems dedicated to the sharing of more specific resources, such as the geospatial information, that is information characterized by spatial/temporal reference. To this aim an investigation on the nature of the Web and on the validity of its paradigm for geospatial resources is required. The Web was born in the early 90's to provide "a shared information space through which people and machines could communicate" [Berners-Lee 1996]. It was originally built around a small set of specifications (e.g. URI, HTTP, HTML, etc.); however, in the last two decades several other technologies and specifications have been introduced in order to extend its capabilities. Most of them (e.g. the SOAP family) actually aimed to transform the Web in a generic Distributed Computing Infrastructure. While these efforts were definitely successful enabling the adoption of service-oriented approaches for machine-to-machine interactions supporting complex business processes (e.g. for e-Government and e-Business applications), they do not fit in the original concept of the Web. In the year 2000, R. T. Fielding, one of the designers of the original Web specifications, proposes a new architectural style for distributed systems, called REST (Representational State Transfer), aiming to capture the fundamental characteristics of the Web as it was originally conceived [Fielding 2000]. In this view, the nature of the Web lies not so much in the technologies, as in the way they are used. Maintaining the Web architecture conform to the REST style would then assure the scalability, extensibility and low entry barrier of the original Web. On the contrary

  10. Electrochemical Biosensors - Sensor Principles and Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Reimhult

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Quantification of biological or biochemical processes are of utmost importancefor medical, biological and biotechnological applications. However, converting the biologicalinformation to an easily processed electronic signal is challenging due to the complexity ofconnecting an electronic device directly to a biological environment. Electrochemical biosensorsprovide an attractive means to analyze the content of a biological sample due to thedirect conversion of a biological event to an electronic signal. Over the past decades severalsensing concepts and related devices have been developed. In this review, the most commontraditional techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, chronopotentiometry,impedance spectroscopy, and various field-effect transistor based methods are presented alongwith selected promising novel approaches, such as nanowire or magnetic nanoparticle-basedbiosensing. Additional measurement techniques, which have been shown useful in combinationwith electrochemical detection, are also summarized, such as the electrochemical versionsof surface plasmon resonance, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, ellipsometry,quartz crystal microbalance, and scanning probe microscopy.The signal transduction and the general performance of electrochemical sensors are often determinedby the surface architectures that connect the sensing element to the biological sampleat the nanometer scale. The most common surface modification techniques, the various electrochemicaltransduction mechanisms, and the choice of the recognition receptor moleculesall influence the ultimate sensitivity of the sensor. New nanotechnology-based approaches,such as the use of engineered ion-channels in lipid bilayers, the encapsulation of enzymesinto vesicles, polymersomes, or polyelectrolyte capsules provide additional possibilities forsignal amplification.In particular, this review highlights the importance of the precise control over the

  11. A Semantic Sensor Web for Environmental Decision Support Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl García-Castro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England.

  12. Intelligent web data management software architectures and emerging technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Kun; Yang, Bo; Sun, Runyuan

    2016-01-01

    This book presents some of the emerging techniques and technologies used to handle Web data management. Authors present novel software architectures and emerging technologies and then validate using experimental data and real world applications. The contents of this book are focused on four popular thematic categories of intelligent Web data management: cloud computing, social networking, monitoring and literature management. The Volume will be a valuable reference to researchers, students and practitioners in the field of Web data management, cloud computing, social networks using advanced intelligence tools.

  13. A resource-oriented architecture for a Geospatial Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, Paolo; Nativi, Stefano

    2010-05-01

    In this presentation we discuss some architectural issues on the design of an architecture for a Geospatial Web, that is an information system for sharing geospatial resources according to the Web paradigm. The success of the Web in building a multi-purpose information space, has raised questions about the possibility of adopting the same approach for systems dedicated to the sharing of more specific resources, such as the geospatial information, that is information characterized by spatial/temporal reference. To this aim an investigation on the nature of the Web and on the validity of its paradigm for geospatial resources is required. The Web was born in the early 90's to provide "a shared information space through which people and machines could communicate" [Berners-Lee 1996]. It was originally built around a small set of specifications (e.g. URI, HTTP, HTML, etc.); however, in the last two decades several other technologies and specifications have been introduced in order to extend its capabilities. Most of them (e.g. the SOAP family) actually aimed to transform the Web in a generic Distributed Computing Infrastructure. While these efforts were definitely successful enabling the adoption of service-oriented approaches for machine-to-machine interactions supporting complex business processes (e.g. for e-Government and e-Business applications), they do not fit in the original concept of the Web. In the year 2000, R. T. Fielding, one of the designers of the original Web specifications, proposes a new architectural style for distributed systems, called REST (Representational State Transfer), aiming to capture the fundamental characteristics of the Web as it was originally conceived [Fielding 2000]. In this view, the nature of the Web lies not so much in the technologies, as in the way they are used. Maintaining the Web architecture conform to the REST style would then assure the scalability, extensibility and low entry barrier of the original Web. On the contrary

  14. Designing a School's Web Site Using Information Architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez, Gustavo; Victor, Stephen P.

    This paper is a case study of Longfellow Elementary, a K-8 school in San Diego (California) that is using the concepts of information architecture to develop its Web site. The site is intended to be a virtual meeting place for all of the school's constituents: parents, teachers, students, and the community at large. The site is a dynamic, ongoing…

  15. Architecture-Based Reliability Analysis of Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmani, Cobra Mariam

    2012-01-01

    In a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), the hierarchical complexity of Web Services (WS) and their interactions with the underlying Application Server (AS) create new challenges in providing a realistic estimate of WS performance and reliability. The current approaches often treat the entire WS environment as a black-box. Thus, the sensitivity…

  16. Web Application’s Reliability Improvement Through Architectural Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Umar Khan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Scalability and availability are two highly desirable attributes pertaining to reliability of a web application that renders state-of-the-art services to online users. In simple words scalability is the ability to grow, the ability to serve increased number of requests or clients. Building a scalable application with round the clock availability is a challenging problem in the light of ever increasing population of potential users. Dramatic increase in users to web application causes bursts of requests that put the application to acid test. On the other hand web application availability represents the degree of operational continuity. High availability and unlimited scalability are the two indispensable quality attributes a web application in the real word. These features bestow rich user experience as far as operational continuity and ability to handle growing workload are concerned. By taking server side measures it is possible to achieve these two desirable features. However, there is possibility to have architectural pattern along with underlying design patterns to promote these quality features of web application. In this paper we enhance our architectural pattern eXtensible Web Application Development Framework (XWADF that can leverage the quality of web application design as it result in highly scalable with high availability. As the application is designed in XWADF framework it promotes scalability assuming server side supports in terms of resources. The application also ensures availability as the design supports maintenance without letting the application down. The empirical results revealed that our architectural approach increases reliability of web applications significantly in terms of availability and scalability

  17. On-Board Mining in the Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, S.; Conover, H.; Graves, S.; Ramachandran, R.; Rushing, J.

    2004-12-01

    On-board data mining can contribute to many research and engineering applications, including natural hazard detection and prediction, intelligent sensor control, and the generation of customized data products for direct distribution to users. The ability to mine sensor data in real time can also be a critical component of autonomous operations, supporting deep space missions, unmanned aerial and ground-based vehicles (UAVs, UGVs), and a wide range of sensor meshes, webs and grids. On-board processing is expected to play a significant role in the next generation of NASA, Homeland Security, Department of Defense and civilian programs, providing for greater flexibility and versatility in measurements of physical systems. In addition, the use of UAV and UGV systems is increasing in military, emergency response and industrial applications. As research into the autonomy of these vehicles progresses, especially in fleet or web configurations, the applicability of on-board data mining is expected to increase significantly. Data mining in real time on board sensor platforms presents unique challenges. Most notably, the data to be mined is a continuous stream, rather than a fixed store such as a database. This means that the data mining algorithms must be modified to make only a single pass through the data. In addition, the on-board environment requires real time processing with limited computing resources, thus the algorithms must use fixed and relatively small amounts of processing time and memory. The University of Alabama in Huntsville is developing an innovative processing framework for the on-board data and information environment. The Environment for On-Board Processing (EVE) and the Adaptive On-board Data Processing (AODP) projects serve as proofs-of-concept of advanced information systems for remote sensing platforms. The EVE real-time processing infrastructure will upload, schedule and control the execution of processing plans on board remote sensors. These plans

  18. Sensor-web Operations Explorer (SOX)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, M.; Weidner, R.; Bowman, K.; Sandu, A.; Singh, K.

    2008-12-01

    The Sensor-web Operations Explorer (SOX) is a research task under the Advanced Information Systems Technology project of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The objective of SOX is to develop an integrated software infrastructure (combining air-quality observations with models and data- assimilation tools) that permits a focused analysis of the chemical state and that can adapt to meteorological and chemical "events" over daily time scales. Processes governing the distribution and evolution of trace gases and aerosols have a profound impact on air quality and climate. Trace gases and aerosols do not only affect air quality, but they may also impact regional and global climate through longer-lived greenhouse gases, e.g., O3, CO2, and CH4 Aerosols can have a net cooling or heating effect depending on their type and vertical distribution. The quantification of these processes requires an integrated approach that combines observations from satellites, aircraft, sondes, and surface measurements with chemistry and transport models acting on both regional and global scales. The integrated observation is approached in two modes, an exploratory observation mode and a targeted observation mode. Currently, the exploratory observation mode is fully supported by the SOX on-line service employing a concept-design and an observing system simulation experiments (OSSE) framework. The exploration process needs to be iterated for maturation of a complex sensor-web operation scenario design. For the targeted observation mode, a 4D-variational adjoint framework is being developed in collaboration with the Global Earth Observation System for Chemistry (GEOS-Chem) research teams at Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Havard University. In addition to remote sensing, advances in global chemistry and transport models (along with 4-D variational assimilation techniques) provide powerful tools for the development of sensor webs that could, in principle, be deployed at

  19. A Hybrid Web Browser Architecture for Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHO, J.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Web browsing on mobile networks is slow in comparison to wired or Wi-Fi networks. Particularly, the connection establishment phase including DNS lookups and TCP handshakes takes a long time on mobile networks due to its long round-trip latency. In this paper, we propose a novel web browser architecture that aims to improve mobile web browsing performance. Our approach delegates the connection establishment and HTTP header field delivery tasks to a dedicated proxy server located at the joint point between the WAN and mobile network. Since the traffic for the connection establishment and HTTP header fields delivery passes only through the WAN between the proxy and web servers, our approach significantly reduces both the number and size of packets on the mobile network. Our evaluation showed that the proposed scheme reduces the number of mobile network packets by up to 42% and, consequently, the average page loading time is shortened by up to 52%.

  20. Open architecture design and approach for the Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulton, Christine L.; Krzywicki, Alan T.; Hepp, Jared J.; Harrell, John; Kogut, Michael

    2015-05-01

    Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA) is designed in response to stovepiped integration approaches. The design, based on the principles of Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) and Open Architectures, addresses the problem of integration, and is not designed for specific sensors or systems. The use of SOA and Open Architecture approaches has led to a flexible, extensible architecture. Using these approaches, and supported with common data formats, open protocol specifications, and Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) system architecture documents, an integration-focused architecture has been developed. ISA can help move the Department of Defense (DoD) from costly stovepipe solutions to a more cost-effective plug-and-play design to support interoperability.

  1. Resource-oriented architecture patterns for webs of data

    CERN Document Server

    Sletten, Brian

    2013-01-01

    The surge of interest in the REpresentational State Transfer (REST) architectural style, the Semantic Web, and Linked Data has resulted in the development of innovative, flexible, and powerful systems that embrace one or more of these compatible technologies. However, most developers, architects, Information Technology managers, and platform owners have only been exposed to the basics of resource-oriented architectures. This book is an attempt to catalog and elucidate several reusable solutions that have been seen in the wild in the now increasingly familiar ""patterns book"" style. These are

  2. Novel architecture for measurements in resistive MEMS sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A low voltage, low power, resistive sensor architecture is proposed in this paper. The architecture is novel as it enhances the sensitivity along the main axis as well as reducing the impact of cross axes components. The proposed scheme also allows the simultaneous measurement of sensitivity along six different axes. With less than 15% of the power of its Wheatstone bridge [1] counterpart and with a voltage level as low as 2.25 V, this architecture also enables the realization of the sensor using fewer resistive elements. The modified sensor structure, along with the front-end signal processing circuit, is discussed. (paper)

  3. A Web-based Architecture Enabling Multichannel Telemedicine Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Lamberti

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine scenarios include today in-hospital care management, remote teleconsulting, collaborative diagnosis and emergency situations handling. Different types of information need to be accessed by means of etherogeneous client devices in different communication environments in order to enable high quality continuous sanitary assistance delivery wherever and whenever needed. In this paper, a Web-based telemedicine architecture based on Java, XML and XSL technologies is presented. By providing dynamic content delivery services and Java based client applications for medical data consultation and modification, the system enables effective access to an Electronic Patient Record based standard database by means of any device equipped with a Web browser, such as traditional Personal Computers and workstation as well as modern Personal Digital Assistants. The effectiveness of the proposed architecture has been evaluated in different scenarios, experiencing fixed and mobile clinical data transmissions over Local Area Networks, wireless LANs and wide coverage telecommunication network including GSM and GPRS.

  4. A web-based modular framework for real-time monitoring of large scale sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, R. L.; Lindquist, K. G.; Vernon, F. L.

    2007-12-01

    The Antelope Real Time System (ARTS) is an integrated combination of protocols, acquisition systems and applications designed for real-time data collection and analysis from an array of deployed field sensors. Historically these were seismic sensors, however the open architecture of the ARTS facilitated development of acquisition protocols for a diverse group of sensors, including data streams from hf radar, meteorological instrumentation and cameras. In parallel with the expansion of data-type ingestion, a web-based interface to the ARTS was developed in PHP, a popular HTML embedded scripting language. The application-driven development of web-based software to Antelope-stored data has risen exponentially over the last four years, from simple database interactions to web-based AJAX applications similar in look and feel to desktop software. As the web-based applications have grown in complexity, the architecture around their development has matured into an extensible framework with "plug'n'play" capabilities. Their modular design has allowed multiple institutions to deploy the same web-based applications, tailored for their specific requirements. Examples include the NSF Earthscope USArray Transportable Array, ROADNet's Realtime Imagebank, the broadband seismic network monitoring of the University of Nevada Reno and University of California San Diego, and monitoring of the downhole arrays maintained by the University of California Santa Barbara. The success of these deployments suggest that such a framework could be applicable to other large scale sensor networks, including the developing Ocean Observatories project.

  5. A Sensor Web-Enabled Infrastructure for Precision Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Geipel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of sensor technologies is standard practice in the domain of precision farming. The variety of vendor-specific sensor systems, control units and processing software has led to increasing efforts in establishing interoperable sensor networks and standardized sensor data infrastructures. This study utilizes open source software and adapts the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium to introduce a method for the realization of a sensor data infrastructure for precision farming applications. The infrastructure covers the control of sensor systems, the access to sensor data, the transmission of sensor data to web services and the standardized storage of sensor data in a sensor web-enabled server. It permits end users and computer systems to access the sensor data in a well-defined way and to build applications on top of the sensor web services. The infrastructure is scalable to large scenarios, where a multitude of sensor systems and sensor web services are involved. A real-world field trial was set-up to prove the applicability of the infrastructure.

  6. SOA based Data Architecture for HTML5 Web Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin STRIMBEI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Web Services based architectures have already been established as the preferred way to integrate SOA specific components, from the front-end to the back-end business services. One of the key elements of such architecture are data-based or entity services. In this context, SDO standard and SDO related technologies have been confirmed as a possible approach to aggregate such enterprise-wide federation of data services, mainly backed by database servers, but not limited to them. In the followings, we will discuss an architectural purpose based on SDO approach to seamlessly integrate presentation and data services within an enterprise SOA context. This way we will outline the benefits of a common end-to-end data integration strategy. Also, we will try to argue that using HTML5 based clients as front end services in conjunction with SDO data services could be an effective strategy to adopt the mobile computing in the enterprise context.

  7. Integrating GIS Web services based on mediating architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Guan-hua; HAN Liang; MA Xiu-jun; XIE Kun-qing; CHEN Zhuo

    2004-01-01

    The geographic information service is enabled by the advancements in general Web service technology and the focused efforts of the OGC in defining XML-based Web GIS service. Based on these models, this paper addresses the issue of services chaining,the process of combining or pipelining results from several interoperable GIS Web Services to create a customized solution. This paper presents a mediated chaining architecture in which a specific service takes responsibility for performing the process that describes a service chain. We designed the Spatial Information Process Language (SIPL) for dynamic modeling and describing the service chain, also a prototype of the Spatial Information Process Execution Engine (SIPEE) is implemented for executing processes written in SIPL. Discussion of measures to improve the functionality and performance of such system will be included.

  8. Sensor Webs as Virtual Data Systems for Earth Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K. L.; Sherwood, R.

    2008-05-01

    The NASA Earth Science Technology Office established a 3-year Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) development program in late 2006 to explore the technical challenges associated with integrating sensors, sensor networks, data assimilation and modeling components into virtual data systems called "sensor webs". The AIST sensor web program was initiated in response to a renewed emphasis on the sensor web concepts. In 2004, NASA proposed an Earth science vision for a more robust Earth observing system, coupled with remote sensing data analysis tools and advances in Earth system models. The AIST program is conducting the research and developing components to explore the technology infrastructure that will enable the visionary goals. A working statement for a NASA Earth science sensor web vision is the following: On-demand sensing of a broad array of environmental and ecological phenomena across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, from a heterogeneous suite of sensors both in-situ and in orbit. Sensor webs will be dynamically organized to collect data, extract information from it, accept input from other sensor / forecast / tasking systems, interact with the environment based on what they detect or are tasked to perform, and communicate observations and results in real time. The focus on sensor webs is to develop the technology and prototypes to demonstrate the evolving sensor web capabilities. There are 35 AIST projects ranging from 1 to 3 years in duration addressing various aspects of sensor webs involving space sensors such as Earth Observing-1, in situ sensor networks such as the southern California earthquake network, and various modeling and forecasting systems. Some of these projects build on proof-of-concept demonstrations of sensor web capabilities like the EO-1 rapid fire response initially implemented in 2003. Other projects simulate future sensor web configurations to evaluate the effectiveness of sensor-model interactions for producing

  9. Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umm-e-Mariya Shah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision making. The basic function of web warehouse is to collect and store the information for analysis of users. The quality of web warehouse data affects a lot on data analysis. To enhance the quality of decision making different quality dimensions must be incorporated in web warehouse architecture. In this paper enhanced web warehouse architecture is proposed and discussed. The enhancement in the existing architecture is based on the quality evaluation framework. The enhanced architecture adds three layers in existing architecture to insure quality at various phases of web warehouse system creation. The source assessment, query evaluation and data quality layers enhance the quality of data store in web warehouse.

  10. Distributed data collection and supervision based on web sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Pengju; Dai, Guanzhong; Fu, Lei; Li, Xiangjun

    2006-11-01

    As a node in Internet/Intranet, web sensor has been promoted in recent years and wildly applied in remote manufactory, workshop measurement and control field. However, the conventional scheme can only support HTTP protocol, and the remote users supervise and control the collected data published by web in the standard browser because of the limited resource of the microprocessor in the sensor; moreover, only one node of data acquirement can be supervised and controlled in one instant therefore the requirement of centralized remote supervision, control and data process can not be satisfied in some fields. In this paper, the centralized remote supervision, control and data process by the web sensor are proposed and implemented by the principle of device driver program. The useless information of the every collected web page embedded in the sensor is filtered and the useful data is transmitted to the real-time database in the workstation, and different filter algorithms are designed for different sensors possessing independent web pages. Every sensor node has its own filter program of web, called "web data collection driver program", the collecting details are shielded, and the supervision, control and configuration software can be implemented by the call of web data collection driver program just like the use of the I/O driver program. The proposed technology can be applied in the data acquirement where relative low real-time is required.

  11. GREAT: a web portal for Genome Regulatory Architecture Tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouyioukos, Costas; Bucchini, François; Elati, Mohamed; Képès, François

    2016-07-01

    GREAT (Genome REgulatory Architecture Tools) is a novel web portal for tools designed to generate user-friendly and biologically useful analysis of genome architecture and regulation. The online tools of GREAT are freely accessible and compatible with essentially any operating system which runs a modern browser. GREAT is based on the analysis of genome layout -defined as the respective positioning of co-functional genes- and its relation with chromosome architecture and gene expression. GREAT tools allow users to systematically detect regular patterns along co-functional genomic features in an automatic way consisting of three individual steps and respective interactive visualizations. In addition to the complete analysis of regularities, GREAT tools enable the use of periodicity and position information for improving the prediction of transcription factor binding sites using a multi-view machine learning approach. The outcome of this integrative approach features a multivariate analysis of the interplay between the location of a gene and its regulatory sequence. GREAT results are plotted in web interactive graphs and are available for download either as individual plots, self-contained interactive pages or as machine readable tables for downstream analysis. The GREAT portal can be reached at the following URL https://absynth.issb.genopole.fr/GREAT and each individual GREAT tool is available for downloading. PMID:27151196

  12. GREAT: a web portal for Genome Regulatory Architecture Tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouyioukos, Costas; Bucchini, François; Elati, Mohamed; Képès, François

    2016-07-01

    GREAT (Genome REgulatory Architecture Tools) is a novel web portal for tools designed to generate user-friendly and biologically useful analysis of genome architecture and regulation. The online tools of GREAT are freely accessible and compatible with essentially any operating system which runs a modern browser. GREAT is based on the analysis of genome layout -defined as the respective positioning of co-functional genes- and its relation with chromosome architecture and gene expression. GREAT tools allow users to systematically detect regular patterns along co-functional genomic features in an automatic way consisting of three individual steps and respective interactive visualizations. In addition to the complete analysis of regularities, GREAT tools enable the use of periodicity and position information for improving the prediction of transcription factor binding sites using a multi-view machine learning approach. The outcome of this integrative approach features a multivariate analysis of the interplay between the location of a gene and its regulatory sequence. GREAT results are plotted in web interactive graphs and are available for download either as individual plots, self-contained interactive pages or as machine readable tables for downstream analysis. The GREAT portal can be reached at the following URL https://absynth.issb.genopole.fr/GREAT and each individual GREAT tool is available for downloading.

  13. Review of Wireless Sensor Networks- Architecture and Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Kuntal Saroha; Mrs. Ruchika Lochab; Mr. Puneet Garg

    2011-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are currently receiving significant attention due to their unlimited potential. A wireless sensor network is a collection of nodes organized into a cooperative network. Each node consists of processing capability. In this Paper, I Concentrate on Architecture and the applications of Wireless SensorNetworks .I have also mentioned future scope of WSN. The network must possess self-organizing capabilities since thepositions of individual nodes are not predetermined.

  14. Wireless sensor networks architectures and protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Callaway, Jr, Edgar H

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to Wireless Sensor NetworksApplications and MotivationNetwork Performance ObjectivesContributions of this BookOrganization of this BookThe Development of Wireless Sensor NetworksEarly Wireless NetworksWireless Data NetworksWireless Sensor and Related NetworksConclusionThe Physical LayerSome Physical Layer ExamplesA Practical Physical Layer for Wireless Sensor NetworksSimulations and ResultsConclusionThe Data Link LayerMedium Access Control TechniquesThe Mediation DeviceSystem Analysis and SimulationConclusionThe Network LayerSome Network Design ExamplesA Wireless Sensor Network De

  15. SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for semantic web services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Town Christopher D

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol; pronounced "swap" is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP was developed as a hybrid semantic web services technology to overcome limitations found in both pure web service technologies and pure semantic web technologies. Results There are currently over 2400 resources published in SSWAP. Approximately two dozen are custom-written services for QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci and mapping data for legumes and grasses (grains. The remaining are wrappers to Nucleic Acids Research Database and Web Server entries. As an architecture, SSWAP establishes how clients (users of data, services, and ontologies, providers (suppliers of data, services, and ontologies, and discovery servers (semantic search engines interact to allow for the description, querying, discovery, invocation, and response of semantic web services. As a protocol, SSWAP provides the vocabulary and semantics to allow clients, providers, and discovery servers to engage in semantic web services. The protocol is based on the W3C-sanctioned first-order description logic language OWL DL. As an open source platform, a discovery server running at http://sswap.info (as in to "swap info" uses the description logic reasoner Pellet to integrate semantic resources. The platform hosts an interactive guide to the protocol at http://sswap.info/protocol.jsp, developer tools at http://sswap.info/developer.jsp, and a portal to third-party ontologies at http://sswapmeet.sswap.info (a "swap meet". Conclusion SSWAP addresses the three basic requirements of a semantic web services architecture (i.e., a common syntax, shared semantic, and semantic discovery while addressing three technology limitations common in distributed service systems: i.e., i the fatal mutability of traditional interfaces, ii the rigidity and fragility of static

  16. Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA) for Live Virtual Constructive (LVC) environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulton, Christine L.; Harkrider, Susan; Harrell, John; Hepp, Jared

    2014-06-01

    The Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA) is an interoperability solution that allows for the sharing of information between sensors and systems in a dynamic tactical environment. The ISA created a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) that identifies common standards and protocols which support a net-centric system of systems integration. Utilizing a common language, these systems are able to connect, publish their needs and capabilities, and interact with other systems even on disadvantaged networks. Within the ISA project, three levels of interoperability were defined and implemented and these levels were tested at many events. Extensible data models and capabilities that are scalable across multi-echelons are supported, as well as dynamic discovery of capabilities and sensor management. The ISA has been tested and integrated with multiple sensors, platforms, and over a variety of hardware architectures in operational environments.

  17. Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voos, J A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina); Vigliecca, N S [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, CONICET, Cordoba (Argentina); Gonzalez, E A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina)

    2007-11-15

    Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback.

  18. Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback

  19. Web-based Context-Aware m-Learning Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachid Benlamri

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Context awareness is essential in mobile learning being a highly personalized environment with diverse capabilities. Major challenges of context awareness are to define the learning context, how to sense it, and how to react to changes. Our proposed system provides a general architecture that facilitates contextualization using current widely-used web standards. It provides a systematic approach to achieve contextualization defining major components and their functionalities without deepening into details. It uses web services to connect to resources making them reusable and distributable. In addition, all technologies and platforms proposed in our system are available under General Public License (GPL hence facilitating immediate implementation. The paper ends with a real world scenario where m-Learning could be the only solution.

  20. The Sensor Web: A Macro-Instrument for Coordinated Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin A. Delin

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available The Sensor Web is a macro-instrument concept that allows for the spatiotemporal understanding of an environment through coordinated efforts between multiple numbers and types of sensing platforms, including both orbital and terrestrial and both fixed and mobile. Each of these platforms, or pods, communicates within their local neighborhood and thus distributes information to the instrument as a whole. Much as intelligence in the brain is a result of the myriad of connections between dendrites, it is anticipated that the Sensor Web will develop a macro-intelligence as a result of its distributed information with the pods reacting and adapting to their environment in a way that is much more than their individual sum. The sharing of data among individual pods will allow for a global perception and purpose of the instrument as a whole. The Sensor Web is to sensors what the Internet is to computers, with different platforms and operating systems communicating via a set of shared, robust protocols. This paper will outline the potential of the Sensor Web concept and describe the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL Sensor Webs Project (http://sensorwebs.jpl.nasa.gov/. In particular, various fielded Sensor Webs will be discussed.

  1. Hierarchical sensor network architecture for stationary smart node supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Ming-Hui; Wu, Wen-Jong; Chen, Chun-Kuang; Chen, Yih-Fan; Wen, Chih-Min; Kao, Cheng-Yan; Yu, Shih-An; Lin, Yun-Han; Huang, Jhen-Gang; Rao, Herman; Hsu, Ching-Hsiang; Lee, Chih-Kung

    2004-07-01

    Most wireless sensor networks base their design on an ad hoc (multi-hop) network technology that focus on organizing and maintaining a network formed by a group of moving objects with a communication device in an area with no fixed base stations or access points. Although ad hoc network technologies are capable of constructing a sensor network, the design and implementation of sensor networks for monitoring stationary nodes such as construction sites and nature-disaster-prone areas can be furthered simplified to reduce power consumption and overhead. Based on the nature of immobile nodes, a hierarchical sensor network architecture and its associated communication protocols are proposed in this paper. In this proposed architecture, most elements in the sensor network are designed to be equipped with no functions for message forwarding or channel scheduling. The local control center uses a centralized communication protocol to communicate with each sensor node. The local control center can also use ad hoc network technology to relay the data between each of the sensors. This approach not only minimizes the complexity of the sensor nodes implemented but also significantly reduces the cost, size and power consumption of each sensor node. In addition, the benefit of using ad-hoc network technology is that the local controller retains its routing capabilities. Therefore, power efficiency and communication reliability can be both achieved and maximized by this type of hierarchical sensor network.

  2. A Sensor Web and Web Service-Based Approach for Active Hydrological Disaster Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Zhai

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Rapid advancements in Earth-observing sensor systems have led to the generation of large amounts of remote sensing data that can be used for the dynamic monitoring and analysis of hydrological disasters. The management and analysis of these data could take advantage of distributed information infrastructure technologies such as Web service and Sensor Web technologies, which have shown great potential in facilitating the use of observed big data in an interoperable, flexible and on-demand way. However, it remains a challenge to achieve timely response to hydrological disaster events and to automate the geoprocessing of hydrological disaster observations. This article proposes a Sensor Web and Web service-based approach to support active hydrological disaster monitoring. This approach integrates an event-driven mechanism, Web services, and a Sensor Web and coordinates them using workflow technologies to facilitate the Web-based sharing and processing of hydrological hazard information. The design and implementation of hydrological Web services for conducting various hydrological analysis tasks on the Web using dynamically updating sensor observation data are presented. An application example is provided to demonstrate the benefits of the proposed approach over the traditional approach. The results confirm the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed approach in cases of hydrological disaster.

  3. SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN OF GIS WEB SERVICE AGGREGATION BASED ON SERVICE GROUP

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, J.-C.; Yang, J.; Tan, M.-J.; Q. Gan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of research status of domestic and international GIS web service aggregation and development tendency of public platform of GIS web service, the paper designed software architecture of GIS web service aggregation based on GIS web service group. Firstly, using heterogeneous GIS services model, the software architecture converted a variety of heterogeneous services to a unified interface of GIS services, and divided different types of GIS services into different service gr...

  4. Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Shravani

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: The first approach supports a negotiation-based attribute-based access control to Web Services with fine access granularity. The second approach is tailored to access control for conversation-based Web services and composite services;where in a Web Service is not considered as a set of independent operations and therefore access control must take such dependencies into account. During a Web Services invocation, a client interacts with the service, performing a sequence of operations in a particular order called conversation. In this paper, we want to propose strategies for analyzing and managing Role Based Access Control policies for designing Security Architectures for web services. Wevalidate role-based access control with a case study, where in access decisions are based on the roles that individual users have as part of an organization. Users take on assigned roles. The process of defining roles should be based on a thorough analysis of how an organization operates and should include input from a wide spectrum of users in an organization. Access rights are grouped by role name, and the use of resources is restricted to individuals authorized toassume the associated role. For example, within a hospital system the role of doctor can include operations to perform diagnosis, prescribe medication, and order laboratory tests; and the role of researcher can be limited to gathering anonymous clinical information for studies. The use of roles to control access

  5. ‘The web is not a tree’: information architecture and the navigational topology of the World Wide Web

    OpenAIRE

    Martyn Dade-Robertson

    2011-01-01

    The discipline of information architecture, which borrows many of its methods and metaphors from traditional architectural practice, has so far remained largely outside architectural discourse. I examine the profession and practice of web-based ‘information architecture’ through the lens of methods and theories relating to the built environment and conclude that, although the metaphors of architecture used, for example, in the design of graphical user interfaces, have been largely unsuccessfu...

  6. Sensor Web and Intelligent Sensors for Earth Science Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Shahid

    2002-01-01

    There is a significant interest in the Earth Science remote sensing community in substantially increasing the number of observations relative to the current frequency of collection. The obvious reason for such a push is to improve the temporal and surface coverage of measurements. However, there is little analysis available in terms of benefits, costs and optimized set of sensors needed to make these necessary observations. This is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced over many boundaries. For example, the question of technology maturity versus users' desire for obtaining additional measurements is noncongruent. This is further complicated by the limitations of the laws of physics and the economic conditions. With the advent of advanced technology, it is anticipated that developments in spacecraft technology will enable advanced capabilities to become more affordable. However, specialized detector subsystems, and precision flying techniques may still require substantial innovation, development time and cost. Additionally, the space deployment scheme should also be given careful attention because of the high associated expense. Nonetheless, it is important to carefully examine the science priorities and steer the development efforts that can commensurate with the tangible requirements. This presentation will focus on a possible set of architectural concepts beneficial for future Earth science studies and research its and potential benefits.

  7. A HIERARCHICAL INTRUSION DETECTION ARCHITECTURE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein Jadidoleslamy

    2011-01-01

    Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network andinformation security application domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), in attention to theirspecial properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed architectures and guide lines to protectWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) against different types of intrusions; but any one of them do not has acomprehensive view to this problem and they are usually d...

  8. GPS Sensor Web Time Series Analysis Using SensorGrid Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granat, R.; Pierce, M.; Aydin, G.; Qi, Z.

    2006-12-01

    -consistent model fits without using a priori information (although it does not exclude the use of such information where available), at the cost of some additional computation time. We refer to the software implementation of this algorithm for HMMs as RDAHMM. To integrate this HMM technology with the GPS data streams, we used the the SensorGrid architecture. This provides a service oriented approach to support coupling real-time sensor messages with scientific applications in a Grid environment. Real-time data processing is supported by employing filters around publish/subscribe messaging system. The filters are small applications extended from a generic Filter class to inherit publish and subscribe capabilities. The measurements obtained from the sensors are usually in a proprietary binary format and need to be converted into specific formats to be used by various applications. Our approach allows chaining of several filters to achieve format conversions and data processing. In addition, we developed a proxy service to expose the filters as Web Services. This service provides basic functions to start/stop filters and get metadata descriptions. Using this service filter chains can be created and deployed remotely in a workflow environment. Currently we have basic XML schemas to describe filter metadata and filter chains. We developed and tested several filters to provide real-time access to GPS messages. Currently the system is continuously running for 7 GPS networks, about 70 GPS stations; we examine the performance of the RDAHMM and SensorGrid technologies on this data.

  9. A Security Architecture for Grid-enabling OGC Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelini, Valerio; Petronzio, Luca

    2010-05-01

    In the proposed presentation we describe an architectural solution for enabling a secure access to Grids and possibly other large scale on-demand processing infrastructures through OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Web Services (OWS). This work has been carried out in the context of the security thread of the G-OWS Working Group. G-OWS (gLite enablement of OGC Web Services) is an international open initiative started in 2008 by the European CYCLOPS , GENESI-DR, and DORII Project Consortia in order to collect/coordinate experiences in the enablement of OWS's on top of the gLite Grid middleware. G-OWS investigates the problem of the development of Spatial Data and Information Infrastructures (SDI and SII) based on the Grid/Cloud capacity in order to enable Earth Science applications and tools. Concerning security issues, the integration of OWS compliant infrastructures and gLite Grids needs to address relevant challenges, due to their respective design principles. In fact OWS's are part of a Web based architecture that demands security aspects to other specifications, whereas the gLite middleware implements the Grid paradigm with a strong security model (the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure: GSI). In our work we propose a Security Architectural Framework allowing the seamless use of Grid-enabled OGC Web Services through the federation of existing security systems (mostly web based) with the gLite GSI. This is made possible mediating between different security realms, whose mutual trust is established in advance during the deployment of the system itself. Our architecture is composed of three different security tiers: the user's security system, a specific G-OWS security system, and the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure. Applying the separation-of-concerns principle, each of these tiers is responsible for controlling the access to a well-defined resource set, respectively: the user's organization resources, the geospatial resources and services, and the Grid

  10. A Multi-Agent System Architecture for Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes-Fernández, Rubén; Guijarro, María; Pajares, Gonzalo

    2009-01-01

    The design of the control systems for sensor networks presents important challenges. Besides the traditional problems about how to process the sensor data to obtain the target information, engineers need to consider additional aspects such as the heterogeneity and high number of sensors, and the flexibility of these networks regarding topologies and the sensors in them. Although there are partial approaches for resolving these issues, their integration relies on ad hoc solutions requiring important development efforts. In order to provide an effective approach for this integration, this paper proposes an architecture based on the multi-agent system paradigm with a clear separation of concerns. The architecture considers sensors as devices used by an upper layer of manager agents. These agents are able to communicate and negotiate services to achieve the required functionality. Activities are organized according to roles related with the different aspects to integrate, mainly sensor management, data processing, communication and adaptation to changes in the available devices and their capabilities. This organization largely isolates and decouples the data management from the changing network, while encouraging reuse of solutions. The use of the architecture is facilitated by a specific modelling language developed through metamodelling. A case study concerning a generic distributed system for fire fighting illustrates the approach and the comparison with related work. PMID:22303172

  11. A multi-agent system architecture for sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes-Fernández, Rubén; Guijarro, María; Pajares, Gonzalo

    2009-01-01

    The design of the control systems for sensor networks presents important challenges. Besides the traditional problems about how to process the sensor data to obtain the target information, engineers need to consider additional aspects such as the heterogeneity and high number of sensors, and the flexibility of these networks regarding topologies and the sensors in them. Although there are partial approaches for resolving these issues, their integration relies on ad hoc solutions requiring important development efforts. In order to provide an effective approach for this integration, this paper proposes an architecture based on the multi-agent system paradigm with a clear separation of concerns. The architecture considers sensors as devices used by an upper layer of manager agents. These agents are able to communicate and negotiate services to achieve the required functionality. Activities are organized according to roles related with the different aspects to integrate, mainly sensor management, data processing, communication and adaptation to changes in the available devices and their capabilities. This organization largely isolates and decouples the data management from the changing network, while encouraging reuse of solutions. The use of the architecture is facilitated by a specific modelling language developed through metamodelling. A case study concerning a generic distributed system for fire fighting illustrates the approach and the comparison with related work. PMID:22303172

  12. A Multi-Agent System Architecture for Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Guijarro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The design of the control systems for sensor networks presents important challenges. Besides the traditional problems about how to process the sensor data to obtain the target information, engineers need to consider additional aspects such as the heterogeneity and high number of sensors, and the flexibility of these networks regarding topologies and the sensors in them. Although there are partial approaches for resolving these issues, their integration relies on ad hoc solutions requiring important development efforts. In order to provide an effective approach for this integration, this paper proposes an architecture based on the multi-agent system paradigm with a clear separation of concerns. The architecture considers sensors as devices used by an upper layer of manager agents. These agents are able to communicate and negotiate services to achieve the required functionality. Activities are organized according to roles related with the different aspects to integrate, mainly sensor management, data processing, communication and adaptation to changes in the available devices and their capabilities. This organization largely isolates and decouples the data management from the changing network, while encouraging reuse of solutions. The use of the architecture is facilitated by a specific modelling language developed through metamodelling. A case study concerning a generic distributed system for fire fighting illustrates the approach and the comparison with related work.

  13. MASM: a market architecture for sensor management in distributed sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanath, Avasarala; Mullen, Tracy; Hall, David; Garga, Amulya

    2005-03-01

    Rapid developments in sensor technology and its applications have energized research efforts towards devising a firm theoretical foundation for sensor management. Ubiquitous sensing, wide bandwidth communications and distributed processing provide both opportunities and challenges for sensor and process control and optimization. Traditional optimization techniques do not have the ability to simultaneously consider the wildly non-commensurate measures involved in sensor management in a single optimization routine. Market-oriented programming provides a valuable and principled paradigm to designing systems to solve this dynamic and distributed resource allocation problem. We have modeled the sensor management scenario as a competitive market, wherein the sensor manager holds a combinatorial auction to sell the various items produced by the sensors and the communication channels. However, standard auction mechanisms have been found not to be directly applicable to the sensor management domain. For this purpose, we have developed a specialized market architecture MASM (Market architecture for Sensor Management). In MASM, the mission manager is responsible for deciding task allocations to the consumers and their corresponding budgets and the sensor manager is responsible for resource allocation to the various consumers. In addition to having a modified combinatorial winner determination algorithm, MASM has specialized sensor network modules that address commensurability issues between consumers and producers in the sensor network domain. A preliminary multi-sensor, multi-target simulation environment has been implemented to test the performance of the proposed system. MASM outperformed the information theoretic sensor manager in meeting the mission objectives in the simulation experiments.

  14. A Sensor Web and Web Service-Based Approach for Active Hydrological Disaster Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Zhai; Peng Yue; Mingda Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Rapid advancements in Earth-observing sensor systems have led to the generation of large amounts of remote sensing data that can be used for the dynamic monitoring and analysis of hydrological disasters. The management and analysis of these data could take advantage of distributed information infrastructure technologies such as Web service and Sensor Web technologies, which have shown great potential in facilitating the use of observed big data in an interoperable, flexible and on-demand way....

  15. Lessons Learned from Web-Enhanced Teaching in Landscape Architecture Studios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming-Han

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to summarize lessons learned from implementing web-enhanced teaching in landscape architecture studio courses. The lessons are documented as challenges and opportunities based on a two-year assessment study of web-enhanced landscape architecture construction studios. This article will help landscape architecture…

  16. ESB-Based Sensor Web Integration for the Prediction of Electric Power Supply System Vulnerability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milos Bogdanovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application.

  17. ESB-based Sensor Web integration for the prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoimenov, Leonid; Bogdanovic, Milos; Bogdanovic-Dinic, Sanja

    2013-08-15

    Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application.

  18. The cosmic web mysterious architecture of the Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Gott, J Richard

    2016-01-01

    J. Richard Gott was among the first cosmologists to propose that the structure of our universe is like a sponge made up of clusters of galaxies intricately connected by filaments of galaxies—a magnificent structure now called the "cosmic web" and mapped extensively by teams of astronomers. Here is his gripping insider’s account of how a generation of undaunted theorists and observers solved the mystery of the architecture of our cosmos. The Cosmic Web begins with modern pioneers of extragalactic astronomy, such as Edwin Hubble and Fritz Zwicky. It goes on to describe how, during the Cold War, the American school of cosmology favored a model of the universe where galaxies resided in isolated clusters, whereas the Soviet school favored a honeycomb pattern of galaxies punctuated by giant, isolated voids. Gott tells the stories of how his own path to a solution began with a high-school science project when he was eighteen, and how he and astronomer Mario Jurič measured the Sloan Great Wall of Galaxies, a fi...

  19. a Web Service Approach for Linking Sensors and Cellular Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isikdag, U.

    2013-09-01

    More and more devices are starting to be connected to the Internet. In the future the Internet will not only be a communication medium for people, it will in fact be a communication environment for devices. The connected devices which are also referred as Things will have an ability to interact with other devices over the Internet, i.) provide information in interoperable form and ii.) consume /utilize such information with the help of sensors embedded in them. This overall concept is known as Internet-of- Things (IoT). This requires new approaches to be investigated for system architectures to establish relations between spaces and sensors. The research presented in this paper elaborates on an architecture developed with this aim, i.e. linking spaces and sensors using a RESTful approach. The objective is making spaces aware of (sensor-embedded) devices, and making devices aware of spaces in a loosely coupled way (i.e. a state/usage/function change in the spaces would not have effect on sensors, similarly a location/state/usage/function change in sensors would not have any effect on spaces). The proposed architecture also enables the automatic assignment of sensors to spaces depending on space geometry and sensor location.

  20. Advances on Sensor Web for Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, S.; Bermudez, L. E.; Huang, C.; Jazayeri, M.; Khalafbeigi, T.

    2013-12-01

    'In much the same way that HTML and HTTP enabled WWW, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), envisioned in 2001 [1] will allow sensor webs to become a reality.'. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not a simple task. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. SWE standardizes web service interfaces, sensor descriptions and data encodings as building blocks for a Sensor Web. SWE standards are now mature specifications (version 2.0) with approved OGC compliance test suites and tens of independent implementations. Many earth and space science organizations and government agencies are using the SWE standards to publish and share their sensors and observations. While SWE has been demonstrated very effective for scientific sensors, its complexity and the computational overhead may not be suitable for resource-constrained tiny sensors. In June 2012, a new OGC Standards Working Group (SWG) was formed called the Sensor Web Interface for Internet of Things (SWE-IoT) SWG. This SWG focuses on developing one or more OGC standards for resource-constrained sensors and actuators (e.g., Internet of Things devices) while leveraging the existing OGC SWE standards. In the near future, billions to trillions of small sensors and actuators will be embedded in real- world objects and connected to the Internet facilitating a concept called the Internet of Things (IoT). By populating our environment with real-world sensor-based devices, the IoT is opening the door to exciting possibilities for a variety of application domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation and logistics, urban informatics, smart cities, as well as personal and social applications. The current SWE-IoT development aims on modeling the IoT components and defining a standard web service that makes the

  1. A HIERARCHICAL INTRUSION DETECTION ARCHITECTURE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Jadidoleslamy

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network andinformation security application domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, in attention to theirspecial properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed architectures and guide lines to protectWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs against different types of intrusions; but any one of them do not has acomprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed and implemented in single-purpose; but, theproposed design in this paper tries to has been a comprehensive view to this issue by presenting a complete andcomprehensive Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA. The main contribution of this architecture is its hierarchicalstructure; i.e., it is designed and applicable, in one or two levels, consistent to the application domain and itsrequired security level. Focus of this paper is on the clustering WSNs, designing and deploying Cluster-basedIntrusion Detection System (CIDS on cluster-heads and Wireless Sensor Network wide level Intrusion DetectionSystem (WSNIDS on the central server. Suppositions of the WSN and Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA are:static and heterogeneous network, hierarchical and clustering structure, clusters' overlapping and using hierarchicalrouting protocol such as LEACH, but along with minor changes. Finally, the proposed idea has been verified bydesigning a questionnaire, representing it to some (about 50 people experts and then, analyzing and evaluating itsacquired results.

  2. Medical Web Interface for Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Maciuca; Dan Popescu

    2013-01-01

    The current paper proposes a smart web interface designed for monitoring the status of the elderly people. There are four main user types used in the web application: the administrator (who has power access to all the application’s functionalities), the patient (who has access to his own personal data, like parameters history, personal details), relatives of the patient (who have administrable access to the person in care, access that is defined by the patient) and the medic (who can view ...

  3. Environmental Studies with the Sensor Web: Principles and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor R. Baker

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available In 1997, the Sensor Web was conceived at the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPLto take advantage of the increasingly inexpensive, yet sophisticated, mass consumer-marketchips for the computer and telecommunication industries and use them to create platforms thatshare information among themselves and act in concert as a single instrument. This instrumentwould be embedded into an environment to monitor and even control it. The Sensor Web’spurpose is to extract knowledge from the data it collects and use this information to intelligentlyreact and adapt to its surroundings. It links a remote end-user's cognizance with the observedenvironment. Here, we examine not only current progress in the Sensor Web technology, butalso its recent application to problems in hydrology to illustrate the general concepts involved.

  4. Sensor Architecture and Task Classification for Agricultural Vehicles and Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rovira-Más

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The long time wish of endowing agricultural vehicles with an increasing degree of autonomy is becoming a reality thanks to two crucial facts: the broad diffusion of global positioning satellite systems and the inexorable progress of computers and electronics. Agricultural vehicles are currently the only self-propelled ground machines commonly integrating commercial automatic navigation systems. Farm equipment manufacturers and satellite-based navigation system providers, in a joint effort, have pushed this technology to unprecedented heights; yet there are many unresolved issues and an unlimited potential still to uncover. The complexity inherent to intelligent vehicles is rooted in the selection and coordination of the optimum sensors, the computer reasoning techniques to process the acquired data, and the resulting control strategies for automatic actuators. The advantageous design of the network of onboard sensors is necessary for the future deployment of advanced agricultural vehicles. This article analyzes a variety of typical environments and situations encountered in agricultural fields, and proposes a sensor architecture especially adapted to cope with them. The strategy proposed groups sensors into four specific subsystems: global localization, feedback control and vehicle pose, non-visual monitoring, and local perception. The designed architecture responds to vital vehicle tasks classified within three layers devoted to safety, operative information, and automatic actuation. The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical way.

  5. Video surveillance for sensor platforms algorithms and architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Al Najjar, Mayssaa; Bayoumi, Magdy

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces resource aware image decomposition, registration, fusion, object detection and tracking algorithms along with their applications in security, monitoring and integration in 3rd Generation Surveillance Systems.  All algorithms are evaluated through experimental and simulation results and a parallel and pipelined efficient architecture for implementing the algorithms is described. • Describes a new type of image processing algorithms that are suited for low power and low memory platforms such as wireless sensor networks or mobile devices; • Uses simulation and experimental results to evaluate algorithms presented; • Includes hardware architecture for critical components in the algorithms described.

  6. Digital Pixel Sensor Array with Logarithmic Delta-Sigma Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Li

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Like the human eye, logarithmic image sensors achieve wide dynamic range easily at video rates, but, unlike the human eye, they suffer from low peak signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratios (PSNDRs. To improve the PSNDR, we propose integrating a delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC in each pixel. An image sensor employing this architecture is designed, built and tested in 0.18 micron complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS technology. It achieves a PSNDR better than state-of-the-art logarithmic sensors and comparable to the human eye. As the approach concerns an array of many ADCs, we use a small-area low-power delta-sigma design. For scalability, each pixel has its own decimator. The prototype is compared to a variety of other image sensors, linear and nonlinear, from industry and academia.

  7. Digital pixel sensor array with logarithmic delta-sigma architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoodi, Alireza; Li, Jing; Joseph, Dileepan

    2013-01-01

    Like the human eye, logarithmic image sensors achieve wide dynamic range easily at video rates, but, unlike the human eye, they suffer from low peak signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratios (PSNDRs). To improve the PSNDR, we propose integrating a delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in each pixel. An image sensor employing this architecture is designed, built and tested in 0.18 micron complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology. It achieves a PSNDR better than state-of-the-art logarithmic sensors and comparable to the human eye. As the approach concerns an array of many ADCs, we use a small-area low-power delta-sigma design. For scalability, each pixel has its own decimator. The prototype is compared to a variety of other image sensors, linear and nonlinear, from industry and academia. PMID:23959239

  8. Architecture for improving terrestrial logistics based on the Web of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Miguel; Jara, Antonio J; Skarmeta, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things) for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns.

  9. Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Skarmeta

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM, in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns.

  10. Architecture for improving terrestrial logistics based on the Web of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Miguel; Jara, Antonio J; Skarmeta, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things) for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns. PMID:22778657

  11. A Prototype Flood Early Warning SensorWeb System for Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohlberg, R. A.; Mandl, D.; Frye, S. W.; Cappelaere, P. G.; Szarzynski, J.; Policelli, F.; van Langenhove, G.

    2010-12-01

    During the past two years, there have been extensive floods in the country of Namibia, Africa which have affected up to a quarter of the population. Via a collaboration between a group funded by the Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) at NASA that has been performing various SensorWeb prototyping activities for disasters, the Department of Hydrology in Namibia and the United Nations Space-based Information for Disaster and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) , experiments were conducted on how to apply various satellite resources integrated into a SensorWeb architecture along with in-situ sensors such as river gauges and rain gauges into a flood early warning system. The SensorWeb includes a global flood model and a higher resolution basin specific flood model. Furthermore, flood extent and status is monitored by optical and radar types of satellites and integrated via some automation. We have taken a practical approach to find out how to create a working system by selectively using the components that provide good results. The vision for the future is to combine this with the country side dwelling unit data base to create risk maps that provide specific warnings to houses within high risk areas based on near term predictions. This presentation will show some of the highlights of the effort thus far plus our future plans.

  12. Document distribution algorithm for load balancing on an extensible Web server architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Ng, CP; Wang, CL

    2001-01-01

    Access latency and load balancing are the two main issues in the design of clustered Web server architecture for achieving high performance. We propose a novel document distribution algorithm for load balancing on a cluster of distributed Web servers. We group Web pages that are likely to be accessed during a request session into a migrating unit, which is used as the basic unit of document placement. A modified binning algorithm is developed to distribute the migrating units among the Web se...

  13. Web Prior Architecture to Avoid Threats and Enhance Intrusion Response System

    OpenAIRE

    Ravichandran, K S; R. Baby Akila; T. Durga Laxmi

    2012-01-01

    Web is hierarchically composed of entities such as domains, Web sites and documents distributed over Web sites and linked together by hyperlinks. The response component of the intrusion detection system issues the response to the jarring requests. In this paper, the intension is to allow the legitimate user to access the target website and perform the selective operations on the database to avoid threats and protect the database from unauthorized users. The designed Web Prior Architecture (WP...

  14. Software Architecture of Sensor Data Distribution In Planetary Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Charles; Alena, Richard; Stone, Thom; Ossenfort, John; Walker, Ed; Notario, Hugo

    2006-01-01

    Data from mobile and stationary sensors will be vital in planetary surface exploration. The distribution and collection of sensor data in an ad-hoc wireless network presents a challenge. Irregular terrain, mobile nodes, new associations with access points and repeaters with stronger signals as the network reconfigures to adapt to new conditions, signal fade and hardware failures can cause: a) Data errors; b) Out of sequence packets; c) Duplicate packets; and d) Drop out periods (when node is not connected). To mitigate the effects of these impairments, a robust and reliable software architecture must be implemented. This architecture must also be tolerant of communications outages. This paper describes such a robust and reliable software infrastructure that meets the challenges of a distributed ad hoc network in a difficult environment and presents the results of actual field experiments testing the principles and actual code developed.

  15. Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoffel, A. William; VanSteenberg, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    A sensor web to collect the scientific data needed to further exploration is a major and efficient asset to any exploration effort. This is true not only for lunar and planetary environments, but also for interplanetary and liquid environments. Such a system would also have myriad direct commercial spin-off applications. The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web or HEAP-SW like the ANTS concept is a Sensor Web concept. The HEAP-SW is conceptually and practically a very different system. HEAP-SW is applicable to any environment and a huge range of exploration tasks. It is a very robust, low cost, high return, solution to a complex problem. All of the technology for initial development and implementation is currently available. The HEAP Sensor Web or HEAP-SW consists of three major parts, The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platforms or HEAP, the Sensor Web or SW and the immobile Data collection and Uplink units or DU. The HEAP-SW as a whole will refer to any group of mobile agents or robots where each robot is a mobile data collection unit that spends most of its time acting in concert with all other robots, DUs in the web, and the HEAP-SWs overall Command and Control (CC) system. Each DU and robot is, however, capable of acting independently. The three parts of the HEAP-SW system are discussed in this paper. The Goals of the HEAP-SW system are: 1) To maximize the amount of exploration enhancing science data collected; 2) To minimize data loss due to system malfunctions; 3) To minimize or, possibly, eliminate the risk of total system failure; 4) To minimize the size, weight, and power requirements of each HEAP robot; 5) To minimize HEAP-SW system costs. The rest of this paper discusses how these goals are attained.

  16. Enterprise Information System Architecture Based on Web 2.0

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Xiushuang; WANG Yu; LIU Jinghong; WEN Zhankao

    2006-01-01

    Enterprise information systems with a great use of Web 2.0 technologies will be more open, free, and more efficient.With the contrast between classic Web technologies and Web 2.0 technologies, we represent a sample of enterprise information system based on Web 2.0, and show how the use of Web 2.0 technologies changes the system data exchange model of the enterprise information systems and how it improves the efficiency and effectiveness of information systems.

  17. Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Olsen, Morten Goodwin; Pillai, Anand B.;

    2008-01-01

    The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget...... of web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the evaluation results are stored in a Resource Description Format (RDF) database that is later loaded...... challenges that the project faced and the solutions developed towards building a system capable of regular large-scale accessibility evaluations with sufficient capacity and stability. It also outlines some possible future architectural improvements....

  18. Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution For Comprehensive Web Based Project Management Software

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Ahmad Raza; Khan, Rquaiya; Trimbak R Sontakke; Shraddha R Khonde; Wahul, Revati; alam, Mahtab

    2012-01-01

    Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution for Project Management Software has changed the way projects today are moving on the fly with the help of web services booming the industry. Service oriented architecture improves performance and the communication between the distributed and remote teams. Web Services to Provide Project Management software the visibility and control of the application development lifecycle-giving a better control over the entire development process, from the manageme...

  19. Lumbricus webis: a parallel and distributed crawling architecture for the Italian web

    OpenAIRE

    Felicioli, Claudio; Geraci, Filippo; Pellegrini, Marco

    2010-01-01

    Web crawlers have become popular tools for gattering large portions of the web that can be used for many tasks from statistics to structural analysis of the web. Due to the amount of data and the heterogeneity of tasks to manage, it is essential for crawlers to have a modular and distributed architecture. In this paper we describe Lumbricus webis (short L.webis) a modular crawling infrastructure built to mine data from the web domain ccTLD .it and portions of the web reachable from this domai...

  20. Semantic Web-Driven LMS Architecture towards a Holistic Learning Process Model Focused on Personalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerkiri, Tania

    2010-01-01

    A comprehensive presentation is here made on the modular architecture of an e-learning platform with a distinctive emphasis on content personalization, combining advantages from semantic web technology, collaborative filtering and recommendation systems. Modules of this architecture handle information about both the domain-specific didactic…

  1. Information Architecture for the Web: The IA Matrix Approach to Designing Children's Portals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Large, Andrew; Beheshti, Jamshid; Cole, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Presents a matrix that can serve as a tool for designing the information architecture of a Web portal in a logical and systematic manner. Highlights include interfaces; metaphors; navigation; interaction; information retrieval; and an example of a children's Web portal to provide access to museum information. (Author/LRW)

  2. Architecture, Design, and Development of an HTML/JavaScript Web-Based Group Support System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Nicholas C., Jr.; Nunamaker, Jay F., Jr.; Briggs, Robert O.; Vogel, Douglas R.

    1998-01-01

    Examines the need for virtual workspaces and describes the architecture, design, and development of GroupSystems for the World Wide Web (GSWeb), an HTML/JavaScript Web-based Group Support System (GSS). GSWeb, an application interface similar to a Graphical User Interface (GUI), is currently used by teams around the world and relies on user…

  3. A Privacy-Preserving Architecture for the Semantic Web Based on Tag Suppression

    OpenAIRE

    Parra, Javier; Rebollo Monedero, David; Forné Muñoz, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    We propose an architecture that preserves user privacy in the semantic Web via tag suppression. In tag suppression, users may wish to tag some resources and refrain from tagging some others in order to hinder privacy attackers in their efforts to profile users’ interests. Following this strategy, our architecture helps users decide which tags should be suppressed. We describe the implementation details of the proposed architecture and provide further insight into the modeling of profiles. In ...

  4. Research for Data Mining Applying in the Architecture of Web-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chaonan; Qu, Youtian; Zhong, Lili; Chen, Tianzhou

    This paper lists several shortages in the construction of network educative resource database based on general model of Web-learning, improving and enriching the system framework and storage form of network educative resource after introducing the technique of Data Mining , and under this condition, it actualizes individuation education recommendation. The innovative point of this paper is proposing a model of Web-learning architecture based on Data Mining, which accords with Web learners' characteristic of humanity and intelligent.

  5. RESTFul based heterogeneous Geoprocessing workflow interoperation for Sensor Web Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chao; Chen, Nengcheng; Di, Liping

    2012-10-01

    Advanced sensors on board satellites offer detailed Earth observations. A workflow is one approach for designing, implementing and constructing a flexible and live link between these sensors' resources and users. It can coordinate, organize and aggregate the distributed sensor Web services to meet the requirement of a complex Earth observation scenario. A RESTFul based workflow interoperation method is proposed to integrate heterogeneous workflows into an interoperable unit. The Atom protocols are applied to describe and manage workflow resources. The XML Process Definition Language (XPDL) and Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) workflow standards are applied to structure a workflow that accesses sensor information and one that processes it separately. Then, a scenario for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from a volcanic eruption is used to investigate the feasibility of the proposed method. The RESTFul based workflows interoperation system can describe, publish, discover, access and coordinate heterogeneous Geoprocessing workflows.

  6. A Single-Transistor Active Pixel CMOS Image Sensor Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Guo-An; ZHANG Dong-Wei; HE Jin; SU Yan-Mei; WANG Cheng; CHEN Qin; LIANG Hai-Lang; YE Yun

    2012-01-01

    A single-transistor CMOS active pixel image sensor (1T CMOS APS) architecture is proposed,By switching the photosensing pinned diode,resetting and selecting can be achieved by diode pull-up and capacitive coupling pull-down of the source follower. Thus,the reset and selected transistors can be removed. In addition,the reset and selected signal lines can be shared to reduce the metal signal line,leading to a very high fill factor.The pixel design and operation principles are discussed in detail.The functionality of the proposed 1 T CMOS APS architecture has been experimentally verified using a fabricated chip in a standard 0.35 μm CMOS AMIS technology.

  7. Advanced Sensor Platform to Evaluate Manloads For Exploration Suit Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFarland, Shane; Pierce, Gregory

    2016-01-01

    Space suit manloads are defined as the outer bounds of force that the human occupant of a suit is able to exert onto the suit during motion. They are defined on a suit-component basis as a unit of maximum force that the suit component in question must withstand without failure. Existing legacy manloads requirements are specific to the suit architecture of the EMU and were developed in an iterative fashion; however, future exploration needs dictate a new suit architecture with bearings, load paths, and entry capability not previously used in any flight suit. No capability currently exists to easily evaluate manloads imparted by a suited occupant, which would be required to develop requirements for a flight-rated design. However, sensor technology has now progressed to the point where an easily-deployable, repeatable and flexible manloads measuring technique could be developed leveraging recent advances in sensor technology. INNOVATION: This development positively impacts schedule, cost and safety risk associated with new suit exploration architectures. For a final flight design, a comprehensive and accurate man loads requirements set must be communicated to the contractor; failing that, a suit design which does not meet necessary manloads limits is prone to failure during testing or worse, during an EVA, which could cause catastrophic failure of the pressure garment posing risk to the crew. This work facilitates a viable means of developing manloads requirements using a range of human sizes & strengths. OUTCOME / RESULTS: Performed sensor market research. Highlighted three viable options (primary, secondary, and flexible packaging option). Designed/fabricated custom bracket to evaluate primary option on a single suit axial. Manned suited manload testing completed and general approach verified.

  8. A Web Services based Approach for Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sana Baccar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The large diffusion of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs in our contemporary life with their numerous applications has led to a huge heterogeneity. This heterogeneity makes the possibility of discovering and collecting data from the wireless sensors more and more difficult. Indeed, WSNs are currently developed around different communities of sensor and user types, with each community typically relying on its own system, metadata semantics, data format and software. Therefore, the ability to discover and utilize a new sensor asset is typically hindered by incompatible services and encodings which can cause interoperability between different sensor nodes within the same WSN. Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA is one of the key paradigms that enables the deployment of services at large-scale over the Internet domain and its integration with WSNs could open new pathways for novel applications and research. Despite the need to integrate SOA with WSNs, only handful efforts are underway to achieve the goal. In this paper, we tackle integration of SOA with WSNs by proposing a Lightweight Representational State Transfer (REST-based Web Services approach to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way.

  9. Architecture of A Scalable Dynamic Parallel WebCrawler with High Speed Downloadable Capability for a Web Search Engine

    OpenAIRE

    Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Mukherjee, Sajal; Ghosh, Soumya; Kar, Saheli; Kim, Young-Chon

    2011-01-01

    Today World Wide Web (WWW) has become a huge ocean of information and it is growing in size everyday. Downloading even a fraction of this mammoth data is like sailing through a huge ocean and it is a challenging task indeed. In order to download a large portion of data from WWW, it has become absolutely essential to make the crawling process parallel. In this paper we offer the architecture of a dynamic parallel Web crawler, christened as "WEB-SAILOR," which presents a scalable approach based...

  10. Architecture of A Scalable Dynamic Parallel WebCrawler with High Speed Downloadable Capability for a Web Search Engine

    CERN Document Server

    Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Ghosh, Soumya; Kar, Saheli; Kim, Young-Chon

    2011-01-01

    Today World Wide Web (WWW) has become a huge ocean of information and it is growing in size everyday. Downloading even a fraction of this mammoth data is like sailing through a huge ocean and it is a challenging task indeed. In order to download a large portion of data from WWW, it has become absolutely essential to make the crawling process parallel. In this paper we offer the architecture of a dynamic parallel Web crawler, christened as "WEB-SAILOR," which presents a scalable approach based on Client-Server model to speed up the download process on behalf of a Web Search Engine in a distributed Domain-set specific environment. WEB-SAILOR removes the possibility of overlapping of downloaded documents by multiple crawlers without even incurring the cost of communication overhead among several parallel "client" crawling processes.

  11. SensorWeb Hub infrastructure for open access to scientific research data

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Filippis, Tiziana; Rocchi, Leandro; Rapisardi, Elena

    2015-04-01

    The sharing of research data is a new challenge for the scientific community that may benefit from a large amount of information to solve environmental issues and sustainability in agriculture and urban contexts. Prerequisites for this challenge is the development of an infrastructure that ensure access, management and preservation of data, technical support for a coordinated and harmonious management of data that, in the framework of Open Data Policies, should encourages the reuse and the collaboration. The neogeography and the citizen as sensors approach, highlight that new data sources need a new set of tools and practices so to collect, validate, categorize, and use / access these "crowdsourced" data, that integrate the data sets produced in the scientific field, thus "feeding" the overall available data for analysis and research. When the scientific community embraces the dimension of collaboration and sharing, access and re-use, in order to accept the open innovation approach, it should redesign and reshape the processes of data management: the challenges of technological and cultural innovation, enabled by web 2.0 technologies, bring to the scenario where the sharing of structured and interoperable data will constitute the unavoidable building block to set up a new paradigm of scientific research. In this perspective the Institute of Biometeorology, CNR, whose aim is contributing to sharing and development of research data, has developed the "SensorWebHub" (SWH) infrastructure to support the scientific activities carried out in several research projects at national and international level. It is designed to manage both mobile and fixed open source meteorological and environmental sensors, in order to integrate the existing agro-meteorological and urban monitoring networks. The proposed architecture uses open source tools to ensure sustainability in the development and deployment of web applications with geographic features and custom analysis, as requested

  12. Development of an Web Service Architecture for Enterprise Application Integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji-Hyeon; Jung, Jae-Cheon; Chang, Young-Woo; Chang, Hoon-Seon; Kim, Jae-Cheol; Kim, Hang-Bae [Korea Power Engineering Company, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyu-Ho; Lee, Dong-Chul [Korea Electric Power Data Network, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-07-01

    The purpose of Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) is to enable the interoperability between two or more enterprise software systems. These systems, for example, can be an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, an Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) system or a Condition Monitoring system. Traditional EAI approach, based on point-to-point connection, is expensive, vendor specific with limited modules and restricted interoperability with other ERPs and applications. To overcome these drawbacks, the Web Service based EAI has emerged. It allows the integration without point to point linking and with less costs. Many approaches of Web service based EAI are combined with ORACLE, SAP, PeopleSoft, WebSphere, SIEBEL etc. as a system integration platform. The approach still has the restriction that only predefined clients can access the services. This means clients must know exactly the protocol for calling the services and if they don't have the access information they never can get the services. This is because these Web services are based on syntactic service description. In this paper, a semantic based EAI approach, that allows the uninformed clients to access the services, is introduced. The semantic EAI is designed with the Web services that have semantic service descriptions. The Semantic Web Services(SWS) are described in Web Ontology Language for Services(OWL-S), a semantic service ontology language, and advertised in Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI). Clients find desired services through the UDDI and get services from service providers through Web Service Description Language(WSDL)

  13. Overview Of Tenet: Architecture For Tiered Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANJU PRIYA .S

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Most sensor network research and software design has been guided by an architectural principle that permits multi-node data fusion on small-form-factor, resource-poor nodes, or motes. We argue that this principle leads to fragile and unmanageable systems and explore an alternative. The Tenet architecture is motivated by the observation that future large-scale sensor network deployments will be tiered, consisting of motes in the lower tier and masters, relatively unconstrained 32-bit platform nodes, in the upper tier. Masters provide increased network capacity. Tenet constrains multimode fusion to the master tier while allowing motes to process locallygeneratedsensor data. This simplifies application development and allows mote-tier software to be reused. Applications running on masters task motes by composing task descriptions from a novel tasklet library. OurTenet implementation also contains a robust and scalable networking subsystem for disseminating tasks and reliably delivering responses. We show that a Tenet pursuit-evasion application exhibits performancecomparable to a mote-native implementation while being considerably more compact.

  14. High-sensitivity acoustic sensors from nanofibre webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Chenhong; Fang, Jian; Shao, Hao; Ding, Xin; Lin, Tong

    2016-03-01

    Considerable interest has been devoted to converting mechanical energy into electricity using polymer nanofibres. In particular, piezoelectric nanofibres produced by electrospinning have shown remarkable mechanical energy-to-electricity conversion ability. However, there is little data for the acoustic-to-electric conversion of electrospun nanofibres. Here we show that electrospun piezoelectric nanofibre webs have a strong acoustic-to-electric conversion ability. Using poly(vinylidene fluoride) as a model polymer and a sensor device that transfers sound directly to the nanofibre layer, we show that the sensor devices can detect low-frequency sound with a sensitivity as high as 266 mV Pa-1. They can precisely distinguish sound waves in low to middle frequency region. These features make them especially suitable for noise detection. Our nanofibre device has more than five times higher sensitivity than a commercial piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) film device. Electrospun piezoelectric nanofibres may be useful for developing high-performance acoustic sensors.

  15. An Architecture for Decentralised Orchestration of Web Service Workflows

    OpenAIRE

    Jaradat, Ward; Dearle, Alan; Barker, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Service-oriented workflows are typically executed using a centralised orchestration approach that presents significant scalability challenges. These challenges include the consumption of network bandwidth, degradation of performance, and single-points of failure. We provide a decentralised orchestration architecture that attempts to address these challenges. Our architecture adopts a design model that permits the computation to be moved "closer" to services in a workflow. This is achieved by ...

  16. Designing Dependable Service Oriented Web Services Security Architectures Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    M.Upendra Kumar; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar

    2010-01-01

    System Security Architecture from a software engineering viewpoint imposes that strong security must be a guiding principle of the entire software development process. It describes a way to weave security into systems architecture, and it identifies common patterns of implementation found in most security products. The security and software engineering communities must find ways to develop software correctly in a timely and cost-effective fashion. There’s no substitute for working software se...

  17. Development of a Dynamic Web Mapping Service for Vegetation Productivity Using Earth Observation and in situ Sensors in a Sensor Web Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sytze de Bruin

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the development of a sensor web based approach which combines earth observation and in situ sensor data to derive typical information offered by a dynamic web mapping service (WMS. A prototype has been developed which provides daily maps of vegetation productivity for the Netherlands with a spatial resolution of 250 m. Daily available MODIS surface reflectance products and meteorological parameters obtained through a Sensor Observation Service (SOS were used as input for a vegetation productivity model. This paper presents the vegetation productivity model, the sensor data sources and the implementation of the automated processing facility. Finally, an evaluation is made of the opportunities and limitations of sensor web based approaches for the development of web services which combine both satellite and in situ sensor sources.

  18. Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Las Heras, E.; Lastra, D. [INDRA Sistemas, S.A., Unidad de Sistemas de Control, Madrid (Spain); Vega, J.; Castro, R. [Association Euratom CIEMAT for Fusion, Madrid (Spain); Ruiz, M.; Barrera, E. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)

    2009-07-01

    INDRA is the first Information Technology company in Spain and it presents here, through a series of transparencies, its own approach for the remote experimentation architecture for long pulses (REAL). All the architecture is based on Java-2 platform standards and REAL is a totally open architecture. By itself REAL offers significant advantages: -) access authentication and authorization under multiple security implementations, -) local or remote network access: LAN, WAN, VPN..., -) on-line access to acquisition systems for monitoring and configuration, -) scalability, flexibility, robustness, platform independence,.... The BeansNet implementation of REAL gives additional good things such as: -) easy implementation, -) graphical tool for service composition and configuration, -) availability and hot-swap (no need of stopping or restarting services after update or remodeling, and -) INDRA support. The implementation of BeansNet at the TJ-2 stellarator at Ciemat is presented. This document is made of the presentation transparencies. (A.C.)

  19. Semantic Web Meta-data for e-Learning : Some Architectural Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Mikael; Palmér, Matthias

    2002-01-01

    Meta-data is the fundamental building block of the Semantic Web. However, the meta-data concept is too loosely defined to provide architectural guidelines for its use. This paper analyzes important uses of meta-data in the e-learning domain, from a pedagogical and philosophical point of view, and abstracts from them a set of fundamental architectural requirements for Semantic Web meta-data. It also describes some flexible generic techniques for working with meta-data, following these requirem...

  20. Seamonster: A Smart Sensor Web in Southeast Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatland, D. R.; Heavner, M. J.; Hood, E.; Connor, C.; Nagorski, S.

    2006-12-01

    The NASA Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science (ROSES) program is supporting a wireless sensor network project as part of its Advanced Information Systems Technology "Smart Sensor Web" initiative. The project, entitled Seamonster (for SouthEast Alaska MONitoring Network for Science, Telecomm, and Education Research) is led by the University of Alaska Southeast (Juneau) in collaboration with Microsoft- Vexcel in Boulder Colorado. This paper describes both the data acquisition components and science research objectives of Seamonster. The underlying data acquisition concept is to facilitate geophysics data acquisition by providing a wireless backbone for data recovery. Other researchers would be encouraged to emplace their own sensors together with short-range wireless (ZigBee, Bluetooth, etc). Through a common protocol the backbone will receive data from these sensors and relay them to a wired server. This means that the investigator can receive their data via email on a daily basis thereby cutting cost and monitoring sensor health. With environmental hardening and fairly high bandwidth and long range (100kbps/50km to 5mpbs/15km per hop) the network is intended to cover large areas and operate in harsh environments. Low power sensors and intelligent power management within the backbone are the dual ideas to contend with typical power/cost/data dilemmas. Seamonster science will focus over the next three years on hydrology and glaciology in a succession of valleys near Juneau in various stages of deglaciation, in effect providing a synopsis of a millennium-timescale process in a single moment. The instrumentation will include GPS, geophones, digital photography, met stations, and a suite of stream state and water quality sensors. Initial focus is on the Lemon Creek watershed with expansion to follow in subsequent years. The project will ideally expand to include marine and biological monitoring components.

  1. Web Service Clients on Mobile Android Devices: A Study on Architectural Alternatives and Client Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Knutsen, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies Android, a new open source software stack initiated by Google, and the possibilities of developing a mobile client for MPower, a service oriented architecture platform based upon SOAP messaging. The study focuses on the architectural alternatives, their impacts on the mobile client application, Android’s performance on SOAP messaging, and how Web services’ design can be optimized to give well performing Android clients. The results from this study shows how different arch...

  2. FAST REAL TIME ANALYSIS OF WEB SERVER MASSIVE LOG FILES USING AN IMPROVED WEB MINING ARCHITECTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Hussain Mohammad Abu-Dalbouh

    2013-01-01

    The web has played a vital role to detect the information and finding the reasons to organize a system. As the web sites were increased, the web log files also increased based on the web searching. Our challenge and the task are to reduce the log files and classify the best results to reach the task which we used. Aimed to overcome the deficiency of abundant data to web mining, the study proposed a path extraction using Euclidean Distance based algorithm with a sequential pattern clustering m...

  3. Incorporating Quality Control Information in the Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devaraju, Anusuriya; Kunkel, Ralf; Bogena, Heye

    2013-04-01

    The rapid development of sensing technologies had led to the creation of large amounts of heterogeneous environmental observations. The Sensor Web provides a wider access to sensors and observations via common protocols and specifications. Observations typically go through several levels of quality control, and aggregation before they are made available to end-users. Raw data are usually inspected, and related quality flags are assigned. Data are gap-filled, and errors are removed. New data series may also be derived from one or more corrected data sets. Until now, it is unclear how these kinds of information can be captured in the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework. Apart from the quality measures (e.g., accuracy, precision, tolerance, or confidence), the levels of observational series, the changes applied, and the methods involved must be specified. It is important that this kind of quality control information is well described and communicated to end-users to allow for a better usage and interpretation of data products. In this paper, we describe how quality control information can be incorporated into the SWE framework. Concerning this, first, we introduce the TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories), an initiative funded by the large research infrastructure program of the Helmholtz Association in Germany. The main goal of the initiative is to facilitate the study of long-term effects of climate and land use changes. The TERENO Online Data RepOsitORry (TEODOOR) is a software infrastructure that supports acquisition, provision, and management of observations within TERENO via SWE specifications and several other OGC web services. Next, we specify changes made to the existing observational data model to incorporate quality control information. Here, we describe the underlying TERENO data policy in terms of provision and maintenance issues. We present data levels, and their implementation within TEODOOR. The data levels are adapted from those used by

  4. Web based system architecture for long pulse remote experimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remote experimentation (RE) methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse RE will be: on-line data visualization, on-line data acquisition processes monitoring and on-line data acquisition systems interactions (start, stop or set-up modifications). Note that these methods are not oriented to real-time control of fusion plant devices. INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT (Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas) and UPM (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture can be supported on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides an adequate solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote experimentation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. The new software architecture has been designed on the basis of the experience acquired in the development of an upgrade of the TJ-II remote experimentation system.

  5. Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remote experimentation methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse operation will be the real-time visualization of data, the real-time monitoring of data acquisition processes and the real-time interaction with data acquisition systems (start, stop or set-up modifications). INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT and UPM (polytechnic university of Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture is based on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides a proper solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote participation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. BeansNet and its interaction with the Messaging Services provides the users with the information acquired by real time acquisition systems, with no further delay than the derived from the information transmission over the network, depending on its bandwidth. The new software architecture has been designed based on the existing experience with the TJ-II remote experimentation system. In that case, different aspects of remote participation in experiments from distributed environments were addressed, as remote configuration of data acquisition systems or user authentication. The new design allows the required real-time interactions within a secure environment and with an easy system administration. (authors)

  6. Intelligent Information Retrieval and Web Mining Architecture Using SOA

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Bathy, Naser Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    The study of this dissertation provides a solution to a very specific problem instance in the area of data mining, data warehousing, and service-oriented architecture in publishing and newspaper industries. The research question focuses on the integration of data mining and data warehousing. The research problem focuses on the development of…

  7. A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs

    CERN Document Server

    Naghavi, Mehdi; 10.5121/iju.2012.3102

    2012-01-01

    Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses the obtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

  8. A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Naghavi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on thesociety`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuouslyonline investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses theobtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

  9. A SCORM Thin Client Architecture for E-Learning Systems Based on Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casella, Giovanni; Costagliola, Gennaro; Ferrucci, Filomena; Polese, Giuseppe; Scanniello, Giuseppe

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we propose an architecture of e-learning systems characterized by the use of Web services and a suitable middleware component. These technical infrastructures allow us to extend the system with new services as well as to integrate and reuse heterogeneous software e-learning components. Moreover, they let us better support the…

  10. Marine Profiles for OGC Sensor Web Enablement Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirka, Simon

    2016-04-01

    The use of OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards in oceanology is increasing. Several projects are developing SWE-based infrastructures to ease the sharing of marine sensor data. This work ranges from developments on sensor level to efforts addressing interoperability of data flows between observatories and organisations. The broad range of activities using SWE standards leads to a risk of diverging approaches how the SWE specifications are applied. Because the SWE standards are designed in a domain independent manner, they intentionally offer a high degree of flexibility enabling implementation across different domains and usage scenarios. At the same time this flexibility allows one to achieve similar goals in different ways. To avoid interoperability issues, an agreement is needed on how to apply SWE concepts and how to use vocabularies in a common way that will be shared by different projects, implementations, and users. To address this need, partners from several projects and initiatives (AODN, BRIDGES, envri+, EUROFLEETS/EUROFLEETS2, FixO3, FRAM, IOOS, Jerico/Jerico-Next, NeXOS, ODIP/ODIP II, RITMARE, SeaDataNet, SenseOcean, X-DOMES) have teamed up to develop marine profiles of OGC SWE standards that can serve as a common basis for developments in multiple projects and organisations. The following aspects will be especially considered: 1.) Provision of metadata: For discovering sensors/instruments as well as observation data, to facilitate the interpretation of observations, and to integrate instruments in sensor platforms, the provision of metadata is crucial. Thus, a marine profile of the OGC Sensor Model Language 2.0 (SensorML 2.0) will be developed allowing to provide metadata for different levels (e.g. observatory, instrument, and detector) and sensor types. The latter will enable metadata of a specific type to be automatically inherited by all devices/sensors of the same type. The application of further standards such as OGC PUCK will benefit from

  11. A New User Interface for On-Demand Customizable Data Products for Sensors in a SensorWeb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Cappelaere, Pat; Frye, Stuart; Sohlberg, Rob; Ly, Vuong; Chien, Steve; Sullivan, Don

    2011-01-01

    A SensorWeb is a set of sensors, which can consist of ground, airborne and space-based sensors interoperating in an automated or autonomous collaborative manner. The NASA SensorWeb toolbox, developed at NASA/GSFC in collaboration with NASA/JPL, NASA/Ames and other partners, is a set of software and standards that (1) enables users to create virtual private networks of sensors over open networks; (2) provides the capability to orchestrate their actions; (3) provides the capability to customize the output data products and (4) enables automated delivery of the data products to the users desktop. A recent addition to the SensorWeb Toolbox is a new user interface, together with web services co-resident with the sensors, to enable rapid creation, loading and execution of new algorithms for processing sensor data. The web service along with the user interface follows the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard called Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS). This presentation will detail the prototype that was built and how the WCPS was tested against a HyspIRI flight testbed and an elastic computation cloud on the ground with EO-1 data. HyspIRI is a future NASA decadal mission. The elastic computation cloud stores EO-1 data and runs software similar to Amazon online shopping.

  12. A Semantically Enhanced Searching Framework to Discover the Sensor Web Services for Wireless Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoranjan Parhi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The semantic based sensor service discovery is proposed to enhance the discovery of sensor services. We know web is one of the best medium connecting the service providers with their clients. Wireless sensor service generates a large number of heterogeneous raw data, so its a big challenge now-a-days to organize these raw data using various techniques so as to make the discovery and the selection easy and efficient. This paper extends the functionality of UDDI by introducing semantic description which is stored in the semantic repository at the same time the service gets registered. To provide the requested services a match maker is usually required. The match making algorithm in this paper is a generic semantic discovery algorithm which is not restricted only to the keyword based search rather is used to find the best possible services and the selection of the right service for the right user.

  13. Evolving the Web-Based Distributed SI/PDO Architecture for High-Performance Visualization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOLMES,VICTOR P.; LINEBARGER,JOHN M.; MILLER,DAVID J.; VANDEWART,RUTHE LYNN; CROWLEY,CHARLES P.

    2000-08-16

    The Simulation Intranet/Product Database Operator (SI/PDO) project has developed a Web-based distributed object architecture for high performance scientific simulation. A Web-based Java interface guides designers through the design and analysis cycle via solid and analytical modeling, meshing, finite element simulation, and various forms of visualization. The SI/PDO architecture has evolved in steps towards satisfying Sandia's long-term goal of providing an end-to-end set of services for high fidelity full physics simulations in a high-performance, distributed, and distance computing environment. This paper describes the continuing evolution of the architecture to provide high-performance visualization services. Extensions to the SI/PDO architecture allow web access to visualization tools that run on MP systems. This architecture makes these tools more easily accessible by providing web-based interfaces and by shielding the user from the details of these computing environments. The design is a multi-tier architecture, where the Java-based GUI tier runs on a web browser and provides image display and control functions. The computation tier runs on MP machines. The middle tiers provide custom communication with MP machines, remote file selection, remote launching of services, load balancing, and machine selection. The architecture allows middleware of various types (CORBA, COM, RMI, sockets, etc.) to connect the tiers depending upon the situation. Testing of constantly developing visualization tools can be done in an environment where there are only two tiers which both run on desktop machines. This allows fast testing turnaround and does not use compute cycles on high-performance machines. Once the code and interfaces are tested, they are moved to high-performance machines, and new tiers are added to handle the problems of using these machines. Uniform interfaces are used throughout the tiers to allow this flexibility. Experiments test the appropriate level of

  14. A New Information Architecture, Web Site and Services for the CMS Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    The age and size of the CMS collaboration at the LHC means it now has many hundreds of inhomogeneous web sites and services and more than 100,000 documents. We describe a major initiative to create a single coherent CMS internal and public web site. This uses the Drupal web Content Management System (now supported by CERN/IT) on top of a standard LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and php/perl). The new navigation, content and search services are coherently integrated with numerous existing CERN services (CDS, EDMS, Indico, phonebook, Twiki) as well as many CMS internal Web services. We describe the information architecture; the system design, implementation and monitoring; the document and content database; security aspects; and our deployment strategy which ensured continual smooth operation of all systems at all times.

  15. DEPENDABLE PRIVACY REQUIREMENTS BY AGILE MODELED LAYERED SECURITY ARCHITECTURESWEB SERVICES CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Upendra Kumar

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Software Engineering covers the definition of processes, techniques and models suitable for its environment to guarantee quality of results. An important design artifact in any software development project is the Software Architecture. Software Architecture’s important part is the set of architectural design rules. A primary goal of the architecture is to capture the architecture design decisions. An important part of these design decisions consists of architectural design rules In an MDA (Model-Driven Architecture context, the design of the system architecture is captured in the models of the system. MDA is known to be layered approach for modeling the architectural design rules and uses design patterns to improve the quality of software system. And to include the security to the software system, security patterns are introduced that offer security at the architectural level. More over, agile software development methods are used to build secure systems. There are different methods defined in agile development as extreme programming (XP, scrum, feature driven development (FDD, test driven development (TDD, etc. Agile processing is includes the phases as agile analysis, agile design and agile testing. These phases are defined in layers of MDA to provide security at the modeling level which ensures that security at the system architecture stage will improve the requirements for that system. Agile modeled Layered Security Architectures increase the dependability of the architecture in terms of privacy requirements. We validate this with a case study of dependability of privacy of Web Services Security Architectures, which helps for secure service oriented security architecture. In this paper the major part is given to model architectural design rules using MDA so that architects and developers are responsible to automatic enforcement on the detailed design and easy to understand and use by both of them. This MDA approach is implemented in use of

  16. Web Prior Architecture to Avoid Threats and Enhance Intrusion Response System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.S. Ravichandran

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Web is hierarchically composed of entities such as domains, Web sites and documents distributed over Web sites and linked together by hyperlinks. The response component of the intrusion detection system issues the response to the jarring requests. In this paper, the intension is to allow the legitimate user to access the target website and perform the selective operations on the database to avoid threats and protect the database from unauthorized users. The designed Web Prior Architecture (WPA permits the legal client to obtain the privilege license by clicking on an authority link provided by the referrer. Using this license, the client can get the liberty to perform the operations on the target website. In that website, database can be accessed by the client with the selective permissions. These can be performed by the two methods, namely strategy toning and strategy management. By this way, the database is accessed in a highly securable manner. The massive scale of this study specifies the method to avoid the threats from the unauthorized users and augment the intrusion response system. This will protect the target website and its database from the unconstitutional users. Our pragmatic study demonstrates that Web Prior Architecture enables the legitimate user to connect to the target website and perform selective database operations.

  17. System Architectural Design for Delivering Video Mail over the World—Wide—Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SchubertFoo; SiuCheungHui

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the feasibility of providing multimedia mail,in particular video mail,on the existing World-Wide-Web platform.In this instance, the Web browser will act as the user agent of the mailing system.With this,users will be able to compose,send and read video mail directly on the Web, This paper examines a number of different system architectures which can be employed for the development of Video Mail.Based on the following key issues:portability of system,flexibility of system,Internet standard support,security and authentication,and message compression and storage,a final architecture was chosen to build Video Mail.The approach taken is that the system will be interfaced to the Web using a standard Hyper Text Transfer Protocol(HTTP) server and a standard Web brower.This is achieved through the use of Common Gateway Interface(CGI) programs and forms which reside in a standard HTTP server to provide the functionality of video mail,and a separaete mail server for the storage and management of messages.This will cause the HTTp server to behave as if it is an electronic mail system.The paper also addresses implementation issues pertaining to the use of CGI programs,mail server development,and video and auidio composition and playback.

  18. From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Lorenzo Mon

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities’ environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term “envirofied” Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere, the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research

  19. From Sensor to Observation Web with environmental enablers in the Future Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havlik, Denis; Schade, Sven; Sabeur, Zoheir A; Mazzetti, Paolo; Watson, Kym; Berre, Arne J; Mon, Jose Lorenzo

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities' environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term "envirofied" Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere), the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research topic is handling data

  20. Vulnerability investigation for Internet of things sensor subnetworks architecture for different types of attacks

    OpenAIRE

    Алєксандер, Марек Богуслав; Державна вища технічна школа у Новому Сончі; Корченко, Олександр Григорович; Національний авіаційний університет; Карпінський, Микола Петрович; Університет у Бельсько-Бялій; Одарченко, Роман Сергійович; Національний авіаційний університет

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes the contemporary the Internet of things concept architecture. Relevance of research in this area was shown. The features, location and prospects of modern wireless sensor subnetworks, including the concept of the Internet of things were analyzed. Considered the most popular standards used for their construction. The basic requirements for the devices that make up the modern architecture of wireless sensor networks, including high energy efficiency, portability, autonomy. Th...

  1. Publishing biomedical journals on the World-Wide Web using an open architecture model.

    OpenAIRE

    Shareck, E. P.; Greenes, R. A.

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In many respects, biomedical publications are ideally suited for distribution via the World-Wide Web, but economic concerns have prevented the rapid adoption of an on-line publishing model. PURPOSE: We report on our experiences with assisting biomedical journals in developing an online presence, issues that were encountered, and methods used to address these issues. Our approach is based on an open architecture that fosters adaptation and interconnection of biomedical resources. M...

  2. Distributed Web Service Architecture Towards Robotic Speech Communication: A Vietnamese Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Pham, Nhut M.; Dau, Duong N.H.; Vu, Quan H.

    2013-01-01

    Robotics is emerging as one of the most prominent research areas in the world and is recently attracting the Vietnamese research community. For the purpose of determining an entrance for a Vietnamese human interacting robotics system, this paper is aimed at proposing a service‐oriented architecture for location assistance robotic systems made out of loosely‐coupled and distributed web services. The proposed platform consists of two major components: a Speech Processing System (SPS) and a Serv...

  3. Robust Networking Architecture and Secure Communication Scheme for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeal, McKenzie, III.

    2012-01-01

    Current networking architectures and communication protocols used for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been designed to be energy efficient, low latency, and long network lifetime. One major issue that must be addressed is the security in data communication. Due to the limited capabilities of low cost and small sized sensor nodes, designing…

  4. The Tower and the Web: Emigres from English Lit Can Find Work in the Field of Online Information Architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Liz Hines

    2001-01-01

    Advises that there are opportunities for people with skills in Web publishing, specifically in areas of English Literature, skills so new that they are still acquiring labels and job titles. Coins the term "information architecture" as a concept and a need that arises from the creation of large-scale, ongoing Web projects, a phenomenon that is…

  5. A semantically-aided architecture for a web-based monitoring system for carotid atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolias, Vassileios D; Stamou, Giorgos; Golemati, Spyretta; Stoitsis, Giannis; Gkekas, Christos D; Liapis, Christos D; Nikita, Konstantina S

    2015-08-01

    Carotid atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disease and its clinical diagnosis depends on the evaluation of heterogeneous clinical data, such as imaging exams, biochemical tests and the patient's clinical history. The lack of interoperability between Health Information Systems (HIS) does not allow the physicians to acquire all the necessary data for the diagnostic process. In this paper, a semantically-aided architecture is proposed for a web-based monitoring system for carotid atherosclerosis that is able to gather and unify heterogeneous data with the use of an ontology and to create a common interface for data access enhancing the interoperability of HIS. The architecture is based on an application ontology of carotid atherosclerosis that is used to (a) integrate heterogeneous data sources on the basis of semantic representation and ontological reasoning and (b) access the critical information using SPARQL query rewriting and ontology-based data access services. The architecture was tested over a carotid atherosclerosis dataset consisting of the imaging exams and the clinical profile of 233 patients, using a set of complex queries, constructed by the physicians. The proposed architecture was evaluated with respect to the complexity of the queries that the physicians could make and the retrieval speed. The proposed architecture gave promising results in terms of interoperability, data integration of heterogeneous sources with an ontological way and expanded capabilities of query and retrieval in HIS.

  6. Geo-processing workflow driven wildfire hot pixel detection under sensor web environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Nengcheng; Di, Liping; Yu, Genong; Gong, Jianya

    2010-03-01

    Integrating Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) services with Geo-Processing Workflows (GPW) has become a bottleneck for Sensor Web-based applications, especially remote-sensing observations. This paper presents a common GPW framework for Sensor Web data service as part of the NASA Sensor Web project. This abstract framework includes abstract GPW model construction, GPW chains from service combination, and data retrieval components. The concrete framework consists of a data service node, a data processing node, a data presentation node, a Catalogue Service node, and a BPEL engine. An abstract model designer is used to design the top level GPW model, a model instantiation service is used to generate the concrete Business Process Execution Language (BPEL), and the BPEL execution engine is adopted. This framework is used to generate several kinds of data: raw data from live sensors, coverage or feature data, geospatial products, or sensor maps. A prototype, including a model designer, model instantiation service, and GPW engine-BPELPower is presented. A scenario for an EO-1 Sensor Web data service for wildfire hot pixel detection is used to test the feasibility of the proposed framework. The execution time and influences of the EO-1 live Hyperion data wildfire classification service framework are evaluated. The benefits and high performance of the proposed framework are discussed. The experiments of EO-1 live Hyperion data wildfire classification service show that this framework can improve the quality of services for sensor data retrieval and processing.

  7. Data strategies to support automated multi-sensor data fusion in a service oriented architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Rothenhaus, Kurt Joseph.

    2008-01-01

    The quantity of data available to decision makers of various types is rapidly expanding beyond the pace of manual interpretation techniques (Hobbins, 1). Introducing a Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) based web service framework that exposes even more data without sufficient guidance will exacerbate the situation. Ontology's, data descriptions and discovery methods alone are not enough to create the end-to-end solutions promised by SOA technologies. Software architectural patterns in...

  8. A Unified Architecture Model of Web Applications%Web应用系统的统一结构模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李景峰; 李琰; 陈平

    2002-01-01

    With the increasing popularity, scale and complexity of web applications, design and development of web applications are becoming more and more difficult. However, the current state of their design and development is characterized by anarchy and ad hoc methodologies. One of the causes of this chaotic situation is that different researchers and designers have different understanding of web applications. In this paper, based on an explicit understanding of web applications, we present a unified architecture model of web applications, the four-view model, which addresses the analysis and design issues of web applications from four perspectives, namely,logical view, data view, navigation view and presentation view, each addressing a specific set of concerns of web applications. The purpose of the model is to provide a clear picture of web applications to alleviate the chaotic situation and facilitate its analysis, design and implementation.

  9. Declarative rule-based integration and mediation for XML data in web service-based software architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yaoling

    2007-01-01

    The Application Service Provider (ASP) has started to use Web services to expose data sources and adopted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to build data integration infrastructure. XML data integration and mediation in SOA is a complex task. The existing mediation technologies and commercial tools take XSLT as the standard to transform and merge XML documents from various Web services with the intension to deliver a unified view of data. As the number of involved data Web services increase...

  10. Semantic-Web Architecture for Electronic Discharge Summary Based on OWL 2.0 Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahmasebian, Shahram; Langarizadeh, Mostafa; Ghazisaeidi, Marjan; Safdari, Reza

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Patients’ electronic medical record contains all information related to treatment processes during hospitalization. One of the most important documents in this record is the record summary. In this document, summary of the whole treatment process is presented which is used for subsequent treatments and other issues pertaining to the treatment. Using suitable architecture for this document, apart from the aforementioned points we can use it in other fields such as data mining or decision making based on the cases. Material and Methods: In this study, at first, a model for patient’s medical record summary has been suggested using semantic web-based architecture. Then, based on service-oriented architecture and using Java programming language, a software solution was designed and run in a way to generate medical record summary with this structure and at the end, new uses of this structure was explained. Results: in this study a structure for medical record summaries along with corrective points within semantic web has been offered and a software running within Java along with special ontologies are provided. Discussion and Conclusion: After discussing the project with the experts of medical/health data management and medical informatics as well as clinical experts, it became clear that suggested design for medical record summary apart from covering many issues currently faced in the medical records has also many advantages including its uses in research projects, decision making based on the cases etc. PMID:27482132

  11. The Challenge of Handling Big Data Sets in the Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autermann, Christian; Stasch, Christoph; Jirka, Simon

    2016-04-01

    More and more Sensor Web components are deployed in different domains such as hydrology, oceanography or air quality in order to make observation data accessible via the Web. However, besides variability of data formats and protocols in environmental applications, the fast growing volume of data with high temporal and spatial resolution is imposing new challenges for Sensor Web technologies when sharing observation data and metadata about sensors. Variability, volume and velocity are the core issues that are addressed by Big Data concepts and technologies. Most solutions in the geospatial sector focus on remote sensing and raster data, whereas big in-situ observation data sets relying on vector features require novel approaches. Hence, in order to deal with big data sets in infrastructures for observational data, the following questions need to be answered: 1. How can big heterogeneous spatio-temporal datasets be organized, managed, and provided to Sensor Web applications? 2. How can views on big data sets and derived information products be made accessible in the Sensor Web? 3. How can big observation data sets be processed efficiently? We illustrate these challenges with examples from the marine domain and outline how we address these challenges. We therefore show how big data approaches from mainstream IT can be re-used and applied to Sensor Web application scenarios.

  12. New Architectures for ubiquitous networks : use and adaptation of internet protocols over wireless sensor networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ludovici, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the study of low-resource demanding protocols, communication techniques and software solutions to evaluate, optimise and implement Web service in WSNs. We start analysing the Web service architectures in order to choose the most appropriate for the constraints of WSNs, which is REST. Based on this analysis, we review the state-of-the-art of protocols that allows implementing REST Web services. To this end, we adopt the IEEE 802.15.4 standard for the physical and data-li...

  13. A Sensor Web-Enabled Infrastructure for Precision Farming

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob Geipel; Markus Jackenkroll; Martin Weis; Wilhelm Claupein

    2015-01-01

    The use of sensor technologies is standard practice in the domain of precision farming. The variety of vendor-specific sensor systems, control units and processing software has led to increasing efforts in establishing interoperable sensor networks and standardized sensor data infrastructures. This study utilizes open source software and adapts the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium to introduce a method for the realization of a sensor data infrastructure for precision farming applic...

  14. Optimized Autonomous Space In-situ Sensor-Web for volcano monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, W.-Z.; Shirazi, B.; Kedar, S.; Chien, S.; Webb, F.; Tran, D.; Davis, A.; Pieri, D.; LaHusen, R.; Pallister, J.; Dzurisin, D.; Moran, S.; Lisowski, M.

    2008-01-01

    In response to NASA's announced requirement for Earth hazard monitoring sensor-web technology, a multidisciplinary team involving sensor-network experts (Washington State University), space scientists (JPL), and Earth scientists (USGS Cascade Volcano Observatory (CVO)), is developing a prototype dynamic and scaleable hazard monitoring sensor-web and applying it to volcano monitoring. The combined Optimized Autonomous Space -In-situ Sensor-web (OASIS) will have two-way communication capability between ground and space assets, use both space and ground data for optimal allocation of limited power and bandwidth resources on the ground, and use smart management of competing demands for limited space assets. It will also enable scalability and seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. The prototype will be focused on volcano hazard monitoring at Mount St. Helens, which has been active since October 2004. The system is designed to be flexible and easily configurable for many other applications as well. The primary goals of the project are: 1) integrating complementary space (i.e., Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite) and in-situ (ground-based) elements into an interactive, autonomous sensor-web; 2) advancing sensor-web power and communication resource management technology; and 3) enabling scalability for seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. To meet these goals, we are developing: 1) a test-bed in-situ array with smart sensor nodes capable of making autonomous data acquisition decisions; 2) efficient self-organization algorithm of sensor-web topology to support efficient data communication and command control; 3) smart bandwidth allocation algorithms in which sensor nodes autonomously determine packet priorities based on mission needs and local bandwidth information in real-time; and 4) remote network management and reprogramming tools. The space and in-situ control components of the system will be

  15. Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhitong Huang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN and radio frequency identifier (RFID have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical distributed agent server are introduced as the basic network elements in this architecture for effective information communication, and the topology, addressing and recovery problems are analyzed. As the basic applications, the combined “key word” based characterized searching mechanism and the performance monitoring processes are discussed, along with the corresponding protocol message definition and encoding format. Simulation results show the advancements of the presented hierarchical architecture and the job-list based characterized searching mechanism.

  16. Prototype of Multifunctional Full-text Library in the Architecture Web-browser / Web-server / SQL-server

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyapin, Sergey; Kukovyakin, Alexey

    Within the framework of the research program "Textaurus" an operational prototype of multifunctional library T-Libra v.4.1. has been created which makes it possible to carry out flexible parametrizable search within a full-text database. The information system is realized in the architecture Web-browser / Web-server / SQL-server. This allows to achieve an optimal combination of universality and efficiency of text processing, on the one hand, and convenience and minimization of expenses for an end user (due to applying of a standard Web-browser as a client application), on the other one. The following principles underlie the information system: a) multifunctionality, b) intelligence, c) multilingual primary texts and full-text searching, d) development of digital library (DL) by a user ("administrative client"), e) multi-platform working. A "library of concepts", i.e. a block of functional models of semantic (concept-oriented) searching, as well as a subsystem of parametrizable queries to a full-text database, which is closely connected with the "library", serve as a conceptual basis of multifunctionality and "intelligence" of the DL T-Libra v.4.1. An author's paragraph is a unit of full-text searching in the suggested technology. At that, the "logic" of an educational / scientific topic or a problem can be built in a multilevel flexible structure of a query and the "library of concepts", replenishable by the developers and experts. About 10 queries of various level of complexity and conceptuality are realized in the suggested version of the information system: from simple terminological searching (taking into account lexical and grammatical paradigms of Russian) to several kinds of explication of terminological fields and adjustable two-parameter thematic searching (a [set of terms] and a [distance between terms] within the limits of an author's paragraph are such parameters correspondingly).

  17. Software architecture and design of the web services facilitating climate model diagnostic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, L.; Lee, S.; Zhang, J.; Tang, B.; Zhai, C.; Jiang, J. H.; Wang, W.; Bao, Q.; Qi, M.; Kubar, T. L.; Teixeira, J.

    2015-12-01

    Climate model diagnostic analysis is a computationally- and data-intensive task because it involves multiple numerical model outputs and satellite observation data that can both be high resolution. We have built an online tool that facilitates this process. The tool is called Climate Model Diagnostic Analyzer (CMDA). It employs the web service technology and provides a web-based user interface. The benefits of these choices include: (1) No installation of any software other than a browser, hence it is platform compatable; (2) Co-location of computation and big data on the server side, and small results and plots to be downloaded on the client side, hence high data efficiency; (3) multi-threaded implementation to achieve parallel performance on multi-core servers; and (4) cloud deployment so each user has a dedicated virtual machine. In this presentation, we will focus on the computer science aspects of this tool, namely the architectural design, the infrastructure of the web services, the implementation of the web-based user interface, the mechanism of provenance collection, the approach to virtualization, and the Amazon Cloud deployment. As an example, We will describe our methodology to transform an existing science application code into a web service using a Python wrapper interface and Python web service frameworks (i.e., Flask, Gunicorn, and Tornado). Another example is the use of Docker, a light-weight virtualization container, to distribute and deploy CMDA onto an Amazon EC2 instance. Our tool of CMDA has been successfully used in the 2014 Summer School hosted by the JPL Center for Climate Science. Students had positive feedbacks in general and we will report their comments. An enhanced version of CMDA with several new features, some requested by the 2014 students, will be used in the 2015 Summer School soon.

  18. A unified architecture for biomedical search engines based on semantic web technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalali, Vahid; Matash Borujerdi, Mohammad Reza

    2011-04-01

    There is a huge growth in the volume of published biomedical research in recent years. Many medical search engines are designed and developed to address the over growing information needs of biomedical experts and curators. Significant progress has been made in utilizing the knowledge embedded in medical ontologies and controlled vocabularies to assist these engines. However, the lack of common architecture for utilized ontologies and overall retrieval process, hampers evaluating different search engines and interoperability between them under unified conditions. In this paper, a unified architecture for medical search engines is introduced. Proposed model contains standard schemas declared in semantic web languages for ontologies and documents used by search engines. Unified models for annotation and retrieval processes are other parts of introduced architecture. A sample search engine is also designed and implemented based on the proposed architecture in this paper. The search engine is evaluated using two test collections and results are reported in terms of precision vs. recall and mean average precision for different approaches used by this search engine.

  19. Design and architecture of a digital music library on the Web

    OpenAIRE

    Παπαδάκης, Ιωάννης; Δουληγέρης, Χρήστος

    2001-01-01

    Presents a Web-based digital music library based on a 3-tier architecture. The primary goal is to manage efficiently distributed mp3 file collections. The proposed methodology makes use of the metadata existing inside the ID3 tag of each mp3 file. Such information is extracted from the corresponding files and stored in separate XML-based data stuctures, which are part of the overall distributed information retrieval module. The digital library's actual data is kept at the back-end in a distri...

  20. An LDPC Decoder Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Guido Masera; Andrea Dario Giancarlo Biroli; Maurizio Martina

    2012-01-01

    The pervasive use of wireless sensors in a growing spectrum of human activities reinforces the need for devices with low energy dissipation. In this work, coded communication between a couple of wireless sensor devices is considered as a method to reduce the dissipated energy per transmitted bit with respect to uncoded communication. Different Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes are considered to this purpose and post layout results are shown for a low-area low-energy decoder, which offers ...

  1. An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Ralf Denzer; J. Fernando Esteban; Gerald Schimak; Thomas Usländer; John Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Sensors provide some of the basic input data for risk management of natural and man-made hazards. Here the word ‘sensors’ covers everything from remote sensing satellites, providing invaluable images of large regions, through instruments installed on the Earth's surface to instruments situated in deep boreholes and on the sea floor, providing highly-detailed point-based information from single sites. Data from such sensors is used in all stages of risk management, from hazard, vulnerability a...

  2. Novel readout circuit architecture for CMOS image sensors minimizing RTS noise

    OpenAIRE

    Martin-Gonthier, Philippe; Magnan, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    This letter presents a novel readout architecture and its associated readout sequence for complementary metal–oxide– semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors (CISs) based on switch biasing techniques in order to reduce noisy pixel numbers induced by in-pixel source-follower transistor random telegraph signal noise. Measurement results done on a test image sensor designed with 0.35-μm CIS technology demonstrate an efficient reduction of noisy pixel numbers without a pixel performance decrease....

  3. Sensing Models and Sensor Network Architectures for Transport Infrastructure Monitoring in Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonis, Ingo

    2015-04-01

    Transport infrastructure monitoring and analysis is one of the focus areas in the context of smart cities. With the growing number of people moving into densely populated urban metro areas, precise tracking of moving people and goods is the basis for profound decision-making and future planning. With the goal of defining optimal extensions and modifications to existing transport infrastructures, multi-modal transport has to be monitored and analysed. This process is performed on the basis of sensor networks that combine a variety of sensor models, types, and deployments within the area of interest. Multi-generation networks, consisting of a number of sensor types and versions, are causing further challenges for the integration and processing of sensor observations. These challenges are not getting any smaller with the development of the Internet of Things, which brings promising opportunities, but is currently stuck in a type of protocol war between big industry players from both the hardware and network infrastructure domain. In this paper, we will highlight how the OGC suite of standards, with the Sensor Web standards developed by the Sensor Web Enablement Initiative together with the latest developments by the Sensor Web for Internet of Things community can be applied to the monitoring and improvement of transport infrastructures. Sensor Web standards have been applied in the past to pure technical domains, but need to be broadened now in order to meet new challenges. Only cross domain approaches will allow to develop satisfying transport infrastructure approaches that take into account requirements coming form a variety of sectors such as tourism, administration, transport industry, emergency services, or private people. The goal is the development of interoperable components that can be easily integrated within data infrastructures and follow well defined information models to allow robust processing.

  4. An efficient architecture for the integration of sensor and actuator networks into the future internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, J.; Klein, A.; Mannweiler, C.; Schotten, H. D.

    2011-08-01

    In the future, sensors will enable a large variety of new services in different domains. Important application areas are service adaptations in fixed and mobile environments, ambient assisted living, home automation, traffic management, as well as management of smart grids. All these applications will share a common property, the usage of networked sensors and actuators. To ensure an efficient deployment of such sensor-actuator networks, concepts and frameworks for managing and distributing sensor data as well as for triggering actuators need to be developed. In this paper, we present an architecture for integrating sensors and actuators into the future Internet. In our concept, all sensors and actuators are connected via gateways to the Internet, that will be used as comprehensive transport medium. Additionally, an entity is needed for registering all sensors and actuators, and managing sensor data requests. We decided to use a hierarchical structure, comparable to the Domain Name Service. This approach realizes a cost-efficient architecture disposing of "plug and play" capabilities and accounting for privacy issues.

  5. An LDPC decoder architecture for wireless sensor network applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biroli, Andrea Dario Giancarlo; Martina, Maurizio; Masera, Guido

    2012-01-01

    The pervasive use of wireless sensors in a growing spectrum of human activities reinforces the need for devices with low energy dissipation. In this work, coded communication between a couple of wireless sensor devices is considered as a method to reduce the dissipated energy per transmitted bit with respect to uncoded communication. Different Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes are considered to this purpose and post layout results are shown for a low-area low-energy decoder, which offers percentage energy savings with respect to the uncoded solution in the range of 40%-80%, depending on considered environment, distance and bit error rate. PMID:22438724

  6. An LDPC Decoder Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Masera

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The pervasive use of wireless sensors in a growing spectrum of human activities reinforces the need for devices with low energy dissipation. In this work, coded communication between a couple of wireless sensor devices is considered as a method to reduce the dissipated energy per transmitted bit with respect to uncoded communication. Different Low Density Parity Check (LDPC codes are considered to this purpose and post layout results are shown for a low-area low-energy decoder, which offers percentage energy savings with respect to the uncoded solution in the range of 40%–80%, depending on considered environment, distance and bit error rate.

  7. Reconfigurable middleware architectures for large scale sensor networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brennan, Sean M.

    2010-03-01

    Wireless sensor networks, in an e ffort to be energy efficient, typically lack the high-level abstractions of advanced programming languages. Though strong, the dichotomy between these two paradigms can be overcome. The SENSIX software framework, described in this dissertation, uniquely integrates constraint-dominated wireless sensor networks with the flexibility of object-oriented programming models, without violating the principles of either. Though these two computing paradigms are contradictory in many ways, SENSIX bridges them to yield a dynamic middleware abstraction unifying low-level resource-aware task recon figuration and high-level object recomposition.

  8. Testbeam studies of silicon microstrip sensor architectures modified to facilitate detector module mass production

    CERN Document Server

    Poley, Anne-luise; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    For the High Luminosity Upgrade of the LHC, the Inner Detector of the ATLAS detector will be replaced by an all-silicon tracker, consisting of pixel and strip sensor detector modules. Silicon strip sensors are being developed to meet both the tracking requirements in a high particle density environment and constraints imposed by the construction process. Several thousand wire bonds per module, connecting sensor strips and readout channels, need to be produced with high reliability and speed, requiring wire bond pads of sufficient size on each sensor strip. These sensor bond pads change the local sensor architecture and the resulting electric field and thus alter the sensor performance. These sensor regions with bond pads, which account for up to 10 % of a silicon strip sensor, were studied using both an electron beam at DESY and a micro-focused X-ray beam at the Diamond Light Source. This contribution presents measurements of the effective strip width in sensor regions where the structure of standard parallel...

  9. A Web Centric Architecture for Deploying Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Design Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woyak, Scott; Kim, Hongman; Mullins, James; Sobieszczanski-Sobieski, Jaroslaw

    2004-01-01

    There are continuous needs for engineering organizations to improve their design process. Current state of the art techniques use computational simulations to predict design performance, and optimize it through advanced design methods. These tools have been used mostly by individual engineers. This paper presents an architecture for achieving results at an organization level beyond individual level. The next set of gains in process improvement will come from improving the effective use of computers and software within a whole organization, not just for an individual. The architecture takes advantage of state of the art capabilities to produce a Web based system to carry engineering design into the future. To illustrate deployment of the architecture, a case study for implementing advanced multidisciplinary design optimization processes such as Bi-Level Integrated System Synthesis is discussed. Another example for rolling-out a design process for Design for Six Sigma is also described. Each example explains how an organization can effectively infuse engineering practice with new design methods and retain the knowledge over time.

  10. Wysiwyg Geoprocessing: Coupling Sensor Web and Geoprocessing Services in Virtual Globes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, X.; Gong, J.; Yue, P.; Sun, Z.; Lu, X.

    2011-08-01

    We propose to advance the scientific understanding and applications of geospatial data by coupling Sensor Web and Geoprocessing Services in Virtual Globes for higher-education teaching and research. The vision is the concept of "What You See is What You Get" geoprocessing, shortly known as WYSIWYG geoprocessing. Virtual Globes offer tremendous opportunities, such as providing a learning tool to help educational users and researchers digest global-scale geospatial information about the world, and acting as WYSIWYG platforms, where domain experts can see what their fingertips act in an interactive three-dimensional virtual environment. In the meantime, Sensor Web and Web Service technologies make a large amount of Earth observing sensors and geoprocessing functionalities easily accessible to educational users and researchers like their local resources. Coupling Sensor Web and geoprocessing Services in Virtual Globes will bring a virtual learning and research environment to the desktops of students and professors, empowering them with WYSIWYG geoprocessing capabilities. The implementation combines the visualization and communication power of Virtual Globes with the on-demand data collection and analysis functionalities of Sensor Web and geoprocessing services, to help students and researchers investigate various scientific problems in an environment with natural and intuitive user experiences. The work will contribute to the scientific and educational activities of geoinformatic communities in that they will have a platform that are easily accessible and help themselves perceive world space and perform live geoscientific processes.

  11. Botnet Detection Architecture Based on Heterogeneous Multi-sensor Information Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HaiLong Wang

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As technology has been developed rapidly, botnet threats to the global cyber community are also increasing. And the botnet detection has recently become a major research topic in the field of network security. Most of the current detection approaches work only on the evidence from single information source, which can not hold all the traces of botnet and hardly achieve high accuracy. In this paper, a novel botnet detection architecture based on heterogeneous multi-sensor information fusion is proposed. The architecture is designed to carry out information integration in the three fusion levels of data, feature, and decision. As the core component, a feature extraction module is also elaborately designed. And an extended algorithm of the Dempster-Shafer (D-S theory is proved and adopted in decision fusion. Furthermore, a representative case is provided to illustrate that the detection architecture can effectively fuse the complicated information from various sensors, thus to achieve better detection effect.

  12. Architecture Aware Key Management Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed FEHAM

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of wireless networking as well as the development in embedded systems and technologies have given birth to application specific networks called wireless sensor networks WSNs, their flexibility, facility of use and deployment as well as their low cost give them an increasing field of applications. Usually sensors are limited in capacities deployed in a hostile and unpredictable environment, making the security of these networks a challenging task. In this paper we are going to present a key management scheme in which the base station play the role of the secure third party responsible of distributing key and managing security in the network, two versions of this scheme are presented the first one for flat networks and the second one for hierarchical networks in which the cluster head play the key role in all key agreement with the base station.

  13. Provenance Information Representation and Tracking for Remote Sensing Observations in a Sensor Web Enabled Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeqiang Chen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The provenance of observations from a Sensor Web enabled remote sensing application represents a great challenge. There are currently no representations or tracking methods. We propose a provenance method that represents and tracks remote sensing observations in the Sensor Web enabled environment. The representation can be divided into the description model, encoding method, and service implementation. The description model uses a tuple to define four objects (sensor, data, processing, and service and their relationships at a time point or interval. The encoding method incorporates the description into the Observations & Measurements specification of the Sensor Web. The service implementation addresses the effects of the encoding method on the implementation of Sensor Web services. The tracking method abstracts a common provenance algorithm and four algorithms that track the four objects (sensor, data, processing, and service in a remote sensing observation application based on the representation. We conducted an experiment on the representation and tracking of provenance information for vegetation condition products, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI and the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI. Our experiments used raw Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS data to produce daily NDVI, weekly NDVI, and weekly VCI for the 48 contiguous states of the United States, for May from 2000 to 2012. We also implemented inverse tracking. We evaluated the time and space requirements of the proposed method in this scenario. Our results show that this technique provides a solution for determining provenance information in remote sensing observations.

  14. Heterogeneous sensor networks: a bio-inspired overlay architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jerry; Hespanha, Joao; Madhow, Upamanyu; Klein, Daniel; Isaacs, Jason; Venkateswaran, Sriram; Pham, Tien

    2010-04-01

    Teledyne Scientific Company, the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) and the Army Research Lab are developing technologies for automated data exfiltration from heterogeneous sensor networks through the Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies (ICB). Unmanned air vehicles (UAV) provide an effective means to autonomously collect data from unattended ground sensors (UGSs) that cannot communicate with each other. UAVs are used to reduce the system reaction time by generating autonomous data-driven collection routes. Bio-inspired techniques for search provide a novel strategy to detect, capture and fuse data across heterogeneous sensors. A fast and accurate method has been developed for routing UAVs and localizing an event by fusing data from a sparse number of UGSs; it leverages a bio-inspired technique based on chemotaxis or the motion of bacteria seeking nutrients in their environment. The system was implemented and successfully tested using a high level simulation environment using a flight simulator to emulate a UAV. A field test was also conducted in November 2009 at Camp Roberts, CA using a UAV provided by AeroMech Engineering. The field test results showed that the system can detect and locate the source of an acoustic event with an accuracy of about 3 meters average circular error.

  15. All-IP-Ethernet architecture for real-time sensor-fusion processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiraki, Kei; Inaba, Mary; Tezuka, Hiroshi; Tomari, Hisanobu; Koizumi, Kenichi; Kondo, Shuya

    2016-03-01

    Serendipter is a device that distinguishes and selects very rare particles and cells from huge amount of population. We are currently designing and constructing information processing system for a Serendipter. The information processing system for Serendipter is a kind of sensor-fusion system but with much more difficulties: To fulfill these requirements, we adopt All IP based architecture: All IP-Ethernet based data processing system consists of (1) sensor/detector directly output data as IP-Ethernet packet stream, (2) single Ethernet/TCP/IP streams by a L2 100Gbps Ethernet switch, (3) An FPGA board with 100Gbps Ethernet I/F connected to the switch and a Xeon based server. Circuits in the FPGA include 100Gbps Ethernet MAC, buffers and preprocessing, and real-time Deep learning circuits using multi-layer neural networks. Proposed All-IP architecture solves existing problem to construct large-scale sensor-fusion systems.

  16. Spectrum-efficient Architecture for Cognitive Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Huertes, Saül

    2009-01-01

    Projecte realitzat en col.laboració amb el centre Université Libre de Bruxelles Hoy en día existe la creencia de que en unos pocos años las actuales Redes Inalámbricas de Sensores estarán presentes en muchas aplicaciones. Mientras estas sigan actuando en la banda sin licencia de ISM 2,4GHz, tendrán que coexistir con otras exitosas tecnologías como Wi-Fi o Bluetooth. En consecuencia, resulta obvio asegurar que la banda en cuestión estará superpoblada en un futuro próximo. Sin embargo ...

  17. Doubly Cognitive Architecture Based Cognitive Wireless Sensor Network

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Sumit; Garimella, Rama Murthy

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays scarcity of spectrum availability is increasing highly. Adding cognition to the existing Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) infrastructure will help in this situation. As sensor nodes in WSN are limited with some constrains like power, efforts are required to increase the lifetime and other performance measures of the network. In this paper we propose the idea of Doubly Cognitive WSN. The basic idea is to progressively allocate the sensing resources only to the most promising areas of the spectrum. This work is based on Artificial Neural Network as well as on Support Vector Machine (SVM) concept. As the load of sensing resource is reduced significantly, this approach will save the energy of the nodes, and also reduce the sensing time dramatically. The proposed work can be enhanced by doing the pattern analysis thing after a sufficiently long time again and again to review the strategy of sensing. Thus Doubly Cognitive WSN will enable current WSN to overcome the spectrum scarcity as well as save the energy...

  18. Game and Balance Multicast Architecture Algorithms for Sensor Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Qingfeng; Wu, Qiongli; Magoulés, Frèdèric; Xiong, Naixue; Vasilakos, Athanasios V.; He, Yanxiang

    2009-01-01

    We propose a scheme to attain shorter multicast delay and higher efficiency in the data transfer of sensor grid. Our scheme, in one cluster, seeks the central node, calculates the space and the data weight vectors. Then we try to find a new vector composed by linear combination of the two old ones. We use the equal correlation coefficient between the new and old vectors to find the point of game and balance of the space and data factorsbuild a binary simple equation, seek linear parameters, and generate a least weight path tree. We handled the issue from a quantitative way instead of a qualitative way. Based on this idea, we considered the scheme from both the space and data factor, then we built the mathematic model, set up game and balance relationship and finally resolved the linear indexes, according to which we improved the transmission efficiency of sensor grid. Extended simulation results indicate that our scheme attains less average multicast delay and number of links used compared with other well-known existing schemes. PMID:22399992

  19. Optimized autonomous space in-situ sensor web for volcano monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, W.-Z.; Shirazi, B.; Huang, R.; Xu, M.; Peterson, N.; LaHusen, R.; Pallister, J.; Dzurisin, D.; Moran, S.; Lisowski, M.; Kedar, S.; Chien, S.; Webb, F.; Kiely, A.; Doubleday, J.; Davies, A.; Pieri, D.

    2010-01-01

    In response to NASA's announced requirement for Earth hazard monitoring sensor-web technology, a multidisciplinary team involving sensor-network experts (Washington State University), space scientists (JPL), and Earth scientists (USGS Cascade Volcano Observatory (CVO)), have developed a prototype of dynamic and scalable hazard monitoring sensor-web and applied it to volcano monitoring. The combined Optimized Autonomous Space In-situ Sensor-web (OASIS) has two-way communication capability between ground and space assets, uses both space and ground data for optimal allocation of limited bandwidth resources on the ground, and uses smart management of competing demands for limited space assets. It also enables scalability and seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. The space and in-situ control components of the system are integrated such that each element is capable of autonomously tasking the other. The ground in-situ was deployed into the craters and around the flanks of Mount St. Helens in July 2009, and linked to the command and control of the Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite. ?? 2010 IEEE.

  20. Full-wave receiver architecture for the homodyne motion sensor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haugen, Peter C.; Dallum, Gregory E.; Welsh, Patrick A.; Romero, Carlos E.

    2015-09-29

    A homodyne motion sensor or detector based on ultra-wideband radar utilizes the entire received waveform through implementation of a voltage boosting receiver. The receiver includes a receiver input and a receiver output. A first diode is connected to the receiver output. A first charge storage capacitor is connected from between the first diode and the receiver output to ground. A second charge storage capacitor is connected between the receiver input and the first diode. A second diode is connected from between the second charge storage capacitor and the first diode to ground. The dual diode receiver performs voltage boosting of a RF signal received at the receiver input, thereby enhancing receiver sensitivity.

  1. Architecture of web services in the enhancement of real-time 3D video virtualization in cloud environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bada, Adedayo; Wang, Qi; Alcaraz-Calero, Jose M.; Grecos, Christos

    2016-04-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to improving the application of 3D video rendering and streaming by jointly exploring and optimizing both cloud-based virtualization and web-based delivery. The proposed web service architecture firstly establishes a software virtualization layer based on QEMU (Quick Emulator), an open-source virtualization software that has been able to virtualize system components except for 3D rendering, which is still in its infancy. The architecture then explores the cloud environment to boost the speed of the rendering at the QEMU software virtualization layer. The capabilities and inherent limitations of Virgil 3D, which is one of the most advanced 3D virtual Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) available, are analyzed through benchmarking experiments and integrated into the architecture to further speed up the rendering. Experimental results are reported and analyzed to demonstrate the benefits of the proposed approach.

  2. Application-specific architectures of CMOS monolithic active pixel sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szelezniak, Michal; Besson, Auguste; Claus, Gilles; Colledani, Claude; Degerli, Yavuz; Deptuch, Grzegorz; Deveaux, Michael; Dorokhov, Andrei; Dulinski, Wojciech; Fourches, Nicolas; Goffe, Mathieu; Grandjean, Damien; Guilloux, Fabrice; Heini, Sebastien; Himmi, Abdelkader; Hu, Christine; Jaaskelainen, Kimmo; Li, Yan; Lutz, Pierre; Orsini, Fabienne; Pellicioli, Michel; Shabetai, Alexandre; Valin, Isabelle; Winter, Marc

    2006-11-01

    Several development directions intended to adapt and optimize monolithic active pixel sensors for specific applications are presented in this work. The first example, compatible with the STAR microvertex upgrade, is based on a simple two-transistor pixel circuitry. It is suited for a long integration time, room-temperature operation and minimum power dissipation. In another approach for this application, a specific readout method is proposed, allowing optimization of the integration time independently of the full frame-readout time. The circuit consists of an in-pixel front-end voltage amplifier, with a gain on the order of five, followed by two analog memory cells. The extended version of this scheme, based on the implementation of more memory cells per pixel, is the solution considered for the outer layers of a microvertex detector at the international linear collider. For the two innermost layers, a circuit allowing fast frame scans together with on-line, on-chip data sparsification is proposed. The first results of this prototype demonstrate that the fixed pattern dispersion is reduced below a noise level of 15 e -, allowing the use of a single comparator or a low-resolution ADC per pixel column. A common element for most of the mentioned readout schemes is a low-noise, low power consumption, layout efficient in-pixel amplifier. A review of possible solutions for this element together with some experimental results is presented.

  3. Hydrogen Gas Sensors Fabricated on Atomically Flat 4H-SiC Webbed Cantilevers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neudeck, Philip G.; Spry, David J.; Trunek, Andrew J.; Evans, Laura J.; Chen, Liang-Yu; Hunter, Gary W.; Androjna, Drago

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on initial results from the first device tested of a "second generation" Pt-SiC Schottky diode hydrogen gas sensor that: 1) resides on the top of atomically flat 4H-SiC webbed cantilevers, 2) has integrated heater resistor, and 3) is bonded and packaged. With proper selection of heater resistor and sensor diode biases, rapid detection of H2 down to concentrations of 20 ppm was achieved. A stable sensor current gain of 125 +/- 11 standard deviation was demonstrated during 250 hours of cyclic test exposures to 0.5% H2 and N2/air.

  4. A Planar Group-Based Architecture to Scale Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Lloret

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available It is known that grouping nodes gives better performance to the group and to the whole system, thereby avoiding unnecessary message forwarding and additional overheads while allows to scale the network considerably. Many routing protocols for ad-hoc networks and sensor networks have been designed, but none of them is based on groups. In this paper, after a review of group based architectures and of neighbor selection strategies, a planar group-based network architecture is proposed. In the proposal, the network is formed by several groups of ad-hoc devices or sensors. Connections between groups are established as a function of the proximity and the neighbor's available capacity (based on the ad-hoc device or sensor’s energy. The messages that are needed to the proper operation are shown. It is also simulated how much time is needed to propagate information between groups and it is calculated the diameter for different topologies

  5. Sensor network architecture for intelligent high-speed train on-board monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-fan WU; Chun CHEN; Jia-jun BU; Gang CHEN

    2011-01-01

    The China's high-speed railway is experiencing a rapid growth.Its operating mileage and the number of operating trains will exceed 45000 km and 1500 trains by 2015,respectively.During the long range and constant high-speed operation,the high-speed trains have extremely complex and varied work conditions.Such a situation creates a huge demand for high-speed train on-board monitoring.In this paper,architecture for high-speed train on-board monitoring sensor network is proposed.This architecture is designed to achieve the goals of reliable sensing,scalable data transporting,and easy management.The three design goals are realized separately.The reliable sensing is achieved by deploying redundant sensor nodes in the same components.Then a hierarchal transporting scheme is involved to meet the second goal.Finally,an electronic-tag based addressing method is introduced to solve the management problem.

  6. Enabling the dynamic coupling between sensor web and Earth system models - The Self-Adaptive Earth Predictive Systems (SEPS) framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    di, L.; Yu, G.; Chen, N.

    2007-12-01

    The self-adaptation concept is the central piece of the control theory widely and successfully used in engineering and military systems. Such a system contains a predictor and a measurer. The predictor takes initial condition and makes an initial prediction and the measurer then measures the state of a real world phenomenon. A feedback mechanism is built in that automatically feeds the measurement back to the predictor. The predictor takes the measurement against the prediction to calculate the prediction error and adjust its internal state based on the error. Thus, the predictor learns from the error and makes a more accurate prediction in the next step. By adopting the self-adaptation concept, we proposed the Self-adaptive Earth Predictive System (SEPS) concept for enabling the dynamic coupling between the sensor web and the Earth system models. The concept treats Earth System Models (ESM) and Earth Observations (EO) as integral components of the SEPS coupled by the SEPS framework. EO measures the Earth system state while ESM predicts the evolution of the state. A feedback mechanism processes EO measurements and feeds them into ESM during model runs or as initial conditions. A feed-forward mechanism analyzes the ESM predictions against science goals for scheduling optimized/targeted observations. The SEPS framework automates the Feedback and Feed-forward mechanisms (the FF-loop). Based on open consensus-based standards, a general SEPS framework can be developed for supporting the dynamic, interoperable coupling between ESMs and EO. Such a framework can support the plug-in-and-play capability of both ESMs and diverse sensors and data systems as long as they support the standard interfaces. This presentation discusses the SEPS concept, the service-oriented architecture (SOA) of SEPS framework, standards of choices for the framework, and the implementation. The presentation also presents examples of SEPS to demonstrate dynamic, interoperable, and live coupling of

  7. Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Gustafsson

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN, which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation.

  8. Application of service oriented architecture for sensors and actuators in district heating substations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafsson, Jonas; Kyusakov, Rumen; Mäkitaavola, Henrik; Delsing, Jerker

    2014-01-01

    Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today's district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA) is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN), which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation. PMID:25196165

  9. 基于Web Services的系统架构分析%Analysis on System Architecture Based on Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁娜

    2005-01-01

    Web Services为运行在不同平台、不同系统中的各种软件应用提供了一个互操作的标准方式,构成了各种不同平台上服务应用间实施彼此连接和集成的基础.从Web Services Architecture的四个子框架出发描述了Web Services体系架构思想,从方法的角度分析了服务框架、资源框架和政策框架实践应用的实现模式,探讨了支持多类型Web Services沟通、多种Web Services设备接入、多种Web Services政策管理的开放Web Services框架.

  10. Ensuring Data Storage Security in Tree cast Routing Architecture for Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K. E. Naresh; Sagar, U. Vidya; Waheed, Mohd. Abdul

    2010-10-01

    In this paper presents recent advances in technology have made low-cost, low-power wireless sensors with efficient energy consumption. A network of such nodes can coordinate among themselves for distributed sensing and processing of certain data. For which, we propose an architecture to provide a stateless solution in sensor networks for efficient routing in wireless sensor networks. This type of architecture is known as Tree Cast. We propose a unique method of address allocation, building up multiple disjoint trees which are geographically inter-twined and rooted at the data sink. Using these trees, routing messages to and from the sink node without maintaining any routing state in the sensor nodes is possible. In contrast to traditional solutions, where the IT services are under proper physical, logical and personnel controls, this routing architecture moves the application software and databases to the large data centers, where the management of the data and services may not be fully trustworthy. This unique attribute, however, poses many new security challenges which have not been well understood. In this paper, we focus on data storage security, which has always been an important aspect of quality of service. To ensure the correctness of users' data in this architecture, we propose an effective and flexible distributed scheme with two salient features, opposing to its predecessors. By utilizing the homomorphic token with distributed verification of erasure-coded data, our scheme achieves the integration of storage correctness insurance and data error localization, i.e., the identification of misbehaving server(s). Unlike most prior works, the new scheme further supports secure and efficient dynamic operations on data blocks, including: data update, delete and append. Extensive security and performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme is highly efficient and resilient against Byzantine failure, malicious data modification attack, and even server

  11. A survey of architectures and scenarios in satellite-based wireless sensor networks: system design aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Celandroni, Nedo; Ferro, Erina; Gotta, Alberto; Oligeri, Gabriele; Roseti, C.; Luglio, M.; Bisio, I.; Cello, M.; Davoli, F; Panagopoulos, A. D.; Poulakis, M.; Vassaki, S.; De Cola, Tomaso; Marchitti, M. A.; Hu, Y. F.

    2013-01-01

    This paper is not a survey related to generic wireless sensor networks (WSNs), which have been largely treated by Akyildiz et al. in [1], and later in a number of survey papers addressing more focused issues; rather, it specifically addresses architectural aspects related to WSNs in some way connected with a satellite link, a topic that presents challenging interworking aspects. The main objective is to provide an overview of the potential role of a satellite segment in the future wireless se...

  12. Modular Architecture for Sensor Systems (MASS) : description, analysis, simulation, and implementation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stark, Douglas P.; Davis, Jesse Zehring; Edmonds, Nicholas

    2004-11-01

    A particular engineering aspect of distributed sensor networks that has not received adequate attention is the system level hardware architecture of the individual nodes of the network. A novel hardware architecture based on an idea of task specific modular computing is proposed to provide for both the high flexibility and low power consumption required for distributed sensing solutions. The power consumption of the architecture is mathematically analyzed against a traditional approach, and guidelines are developed for application scenarios that would benefit from using this new design. Furthermore a method of decentralized control for the modular system is developed and analyzed. Finally, a few policies for power minimization in the decentralized system are proposed and analyzed.

  13. A proxy design to leverage the interconnection of CoAP wireless sensor networks with web applications

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandro Ludovici; Anna Calveras

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be shor...

  14. An Automated End-To Multi-Agent Qos Based Architecture for Selection of Geospatial Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, M.; Verma, Y.; Nandakumar, R.

    2012-07-01

    Over the past decade, Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web services have gained wide popularity and acceptance from researchers and industries all over the world. SOA makes it easy to build business applications with common services, and it provides like: reduced integration expense, better asset reuse, higher business agility, and reduction of business risk. Building of framework for acquiring useful geospatial information for potential users is a crucial problem faced by the GIS domain. Geospatial Web services solve this problem. With the help of web service technology, geospatial web services can provide useful geospatial information to potential users in a better way than traditional geographic information system (GIS). A geospatial Web service is a modular application designed to enable the discovery, access, and chaining of geospatial information and services across the web that are often both computation and data-intensive that involve diverse sources of data and complex processing functions. With the proliferation of web services published over the internet, multiple web services may provide similar functionality, but with different non-functional properties. Thus, Quality of Service (QoS) offers a metric to differentiate the services and their service providers. In a quality-driven selection of web services, it is important to consider non-functional properties of the web service so as to satisfy the constraints or requirements of the end users. The main intent of this paper is to build an automated end-to-end multi-agent based solution to provide the best-fit web service to service requester based on QoS.

  15. Enviro-Net: From Networks of Ground-Based Sensor Systems to a Web Platform for Sensor Data Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario A. Nascimento

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few different ground-based sensor systems, installed at different heights monitoring the conditions in tropical dry forests over long periods of time. This paper presents our experience in deploying and maintaining these systems, retrieving and pre-processing the data, and describes the Web portal developed to help with data management, visualization and analysis.

  16. A Simple Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Sensor Network Architecture with Self-Protecting and Monitoring Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chien-Hung; Chow, Chi-Wai; Wu, Ping-Chun; Tseng, Fan-Gang

    2011-01-01

    A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based passive sensor architecture, which can be used to protect the fiber cut and monitor the multiple sensors simultaneously, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Here, we employ a wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser scheme with 25 km cavity length acting as the detecting light source in central office (CO). Each FBG sensor, serving as a feedback element, is used in proposed sensor architecture. By tuning the tunable bandpass filter (TBF) placing inside cavity to match the corresponding Bragg wavelength of FBG over the amplification bandwidth, we can retrieve the related wavelength lasing for the FBG sensing and monitoring simultaneously. Moreover, the survivability and capacity of the passive FBG sensor architecture can be also enhanced. PMID:22319357

  17. Web-based sensor streaming wearable for respiratory monitoring applications.

    OpenAIRE

    Rovira, Carlos; Coyle, Shirley; Corcoran, Brian; Ward, Tomas; McCoy, Aaron; Stroiescu, Florin; Daly, Kieran; Diamond, Dermot

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a system for remote monitoring of respiration of individuals that can detect respiration rate, mode of breathing and identify coughing events. It comprises a series of polymer fabric-sensors incorporated into a sports vest, a wearable data acquisition platform and a novel rich internet application (RIA) which together enable remote real-time monitoring of untethered wearable systems for respiratory rehabilitation. This system will, for the first time, allow therapists to ...

  18. Web-based Sensor Streaming Wearable for Respiratory Monitoring Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos, Rovira; Coyle, Shirley; Corcoran, Brian; Diamond, Dermot; McCoy, Aaron; Stroiescu, Florin; Daly, Kieran

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a system for remote monitoring of respiration of individuals that can detect respiration rate, mode of breathing and identify coughing events. It comprises a series of polymer fabric-sensors incorporated into a sports vest, a wearable data acquisition platform and a novel rich internet application (RIA) which together enable remote real-time monitoring of untethered wearable systems for respiratory rehabilitation. This system will, for the first time, ...

  19. Architecture and methods for UAV-based heterogeneous sensor network applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonio, Pedro; Caputo, Davide; Gandelli, Alessandro; Grimaccia, Francesco; Mussetta, Marco

    2012-09-01

    Wireless sensor netwoks (WSN) employ miniaturized devices which integrate sensing, processing, and communication capabilities. In this paper an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks is presented, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications even in coastal and marine environment monitoring. In fact, in the near future, WSN data collection could be performed by UAV platforms which can be a sink for ground sensors layer, acting essentially as a mobile gateway. In order to maximize the system performances and the network lifespan, the authors propose a recently developed hybrid technique based on evolutionary algorithms. This procedure is here applied to optimize the communication energy consumption in WSN by selecting the optimal multi-hop routing schemes, with a suitable hybridization of different routing criteria. The proposed approach can be potentially extended and applied to ongoing research projects focused on UAV-based remote sensing of the ocean, sea ice, coastal waters, and large water regions.

  20. FlexiSec: A Configurable Link Layer Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Jinwala, Devesh; Dasgupta, Kankar

    2012-01-01

    Ensuring communications security in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) indeed is critical; due to the criticality of the resources in the sensor nodes as well as due to their ubiquitous and pervasive deployment, with varying attributes and degrees of security required. The proliferation of the next generation sensor nodes, has not solved this problem, because of the greater emphasis on low-cost deployment. In addition, the WSNs use data-centric multi-hop communication that in turn, necessitates the security support to be devised at the link layer (increasing the cost of security related operations), instead of being at the application layer, as in general networks. Therefore, an energy-efficient link layer security framework is necessitated. There do exists a number of link layer security architectures that offer some combinations of the security attributes desired by different WSN applications. However, as we show in this paper, none of them is responsive to the actual security demands of the applications. Ther...

  1. Ontology-Based Architecture for Intelligent Transportation Systems Using a Traffic Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susel Fernandez

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Intelligent transportation systems are a set of technological solutions used to improve the performance and safety of road transportation. A crucial element for the success of these systems is the exchange of information, not only between vehicles, but also among other components in the road infrastructure through different applications. One of the most important information sources in this kind of systems is sensors. Sensors can be within vehicles or as part of the infrastructure, such as bridges, roads or traffic signs. Sensors can provide information related to weather conditions and traffic situation, which is useful to improve the driving process. To facilitate the exchange of information between the different applications that use sensor data, a common framework of knowledge is needed to allow interoperability. In this paper an ontology-driven architecture to improve the driving environment through a traffic sensor network is proposed. The system performs different tasks automatically to increase driver safety and comfort using the information provided by the sensors.

  2. Ontology-Based Architecture for Intelligent Transportation Systems Using a Traffic Sensor Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Susel; Hadfi, Rafik; Ito, Takayuki; Marsa-Maestre, Ivan; Velasco, Juan R

    2016-01-01

    Intelligent transportation systems are a set of technological solutions used to improve the performance and safety of road transportation. A crucial element for the success of these systems is the exchange of information, not only between vehicles, but also among other components in the road infrastructure through different applications. One of the most important information sources in this kind of systems is sensors. Sensors can be within vehicles or as part of the infrastructure, such as bridges, roads or traffic signs. Sensors can provide information related to weather conditions and traffic situation, which is useful to improve the driving process. To facilitate the exchange of information between the different applications that use sensor data, a common framework of knowledge is needed to allow interoperability. In this paper an ontology-driven architecture to improve the driving environment through a traffic sensor network is proposed. The system performs different tasks automatically to increase driver safety and comfort using the information provided by the sensors. PMID:27537878

  3. Ontology-Based Architecture for Intelligent Transportation Systems Using a Traffic Sensor Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Susel; Hadfi, Rafik; Ito, Takayuki; Marsa-Maestre, Ivan; Velasco, Juan R.

    2016-01-01

    Intelligent transportation systems are a set of technological solutions used to improve the performance and safety of road transportation. A crucial element for the success of these systems is the exchange of information, not only between vehicles, but also among other components in the road infrastructure through different applications. One of the most important information sources in this kind of systems is sensors. Sensors can be within vehicles or as part of the infrastructure, such as bridges, roads or traffic signs. Sensors can provide information related to weather conditions and traffic situation, which is useful to improve the driving process. To facilitate the exchange of information between the different applications that use sensor data, a common framework of knowledge is needed to allow interoperability. In this paper an ontology-driven architecture to improve the driving environment through a traffic sensor network is proposed. The system performs different tasks automatically to increase driver safety and comfort using the information provided by the sensors. PMID:27537878

  4. Multifunctional Web Enabled Ocean Sensor Systems for the Monitoring of a Changing Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearlman, Jay; Castro, Ayoze; Corrandino, Luigi; del Rio, Joaquin; Delory, Eric; Garello, Rene; Heuermann, Rudinger; Martinez, Enoc; Pearlman, Francoise; Rolin, Jean-Francois; Toma, Daniel; Waldmann, Christoph; Zielinski, Oliver

    2016-04-01

    As stated in the 2010 "Ostend Declaration", a major challenge in the coming years is the development of a truly integrated and sustainably funded European Ocean Observing System for supporting major policy initiatives such as the Integrated Maritime Policy and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. This will be achieved with more long-term measurements of key parameters supported by a new generation of sensors whose costs and reliability will enable broad and consistent observations. Within the NeXOS project, a framework including new sensors capabilities and interface software has been put together that embraces the key technical aspects needed to improve the temporal and spatial coverage, resolution and quality of marine observations. The developments include new, low-cost, compact and integrated sensors with multiple functionalities that will allow for the measurements useful for a number of objectives, ranging from more precise monitoring and modeling of the marine environment to an improved assessment of fisheries. The project is entering its third year and will be demonstrating initial capabilities of optical and acoustic sensor prototypes that will become available for a number of platforms. For fisheries management, there is also a series of sensors that support an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF). The greatest capabilities for comprehensive operations will occur when these sensors can be integrated into a multisensory capability on a single platform or multiply interconnected and coordinated platforms. Within NeXOS the full processing steps starting from the sensor signal all the way up to distributing collected environmental information will be encapsulated into standardized new state of the art Smart Sensor Interface and Web components to provide both improved integration and a flexible interface for scientists to control sensor operation. The use of the OGC SWE (Sensor Web Enablement) set of standards like OGC PUCK and SensorML at the instrument

  5. Transforming Space Missions into Service Oriented Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Dan; Frye, Stuart; Cappelaere, Pat

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the vision of the sensor web enablement via a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). An generic example is given of a user finding a service through the Web, and initiating a request for the desired observation. The parts that comprise this system and how they interact are reviewed. The advantages of the use of SOA are reviewed.

  6. Semantics of immersive web through its architectural structure and graphic primitives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén González Crespo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, practices and tools for computer-aided three-dimensional design, do not allow the semantic description of objects constructed in some cases specified notations as handling layers, or labeling of each development itself. The lack of a standard for the description of the elements represents a major drawback for using advanced three-dimensional environments such as the automation of search and construction processes that require semantic knowledge of its elements.This project proposes the development the semantic composition from the hierarchy of three-dimensional visualization of graphics primitives used to construct three-dimensional objects, taking into account the geometric composition architecture of standard 19775-1 of the International Electrotechnical Commission of the International Organization for StandardizationFor the development of semantic composition use the methodology methontology proposed by the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, because it allows the construction of ontologies about specific domains, limiting the domain by defining classes and subclasses, relationships and the generation of instances a framework for resource description on web ontology language.

  7. SENHANCE: A Semantic Web framework for integrating social and hardware sensors in e-Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagkalos, Ioannis; Petrou, Loukas

    2016-09-01

    Self-reported data are very important in Healthcare, especially when combined with data from sensors. Social Networking Sites, such as Facebook, are a promising source of not only self-reported data but also social data, which are otherwise difficult to obtain. Due to their unstructured nature, providing information that is meaningful to health professionals from this source is a daunting task. To this end, we employ Social Network Applications as Social Sensors that gather structured data and use Semantic Web technologies to fuse them with hardware sensor data, effectively integrating both sources. We show that this combination of social and hardware sensor observations creates a novel space that can be used for a variety of feature-rich e-Health applications. We present the design of our prototype framework, SENHANCE, and our findings from its pilot application in the NutriHeAl project, where a Facebook app is integrated with Fitbit digital pedometers for Lifestyle monitoring.

  8. SENHANCE: A Semantic Web framework for integrating social and hardware sensors in e-Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagkalos, Ioannis; Petrou, Loukas

    2016-09-01

    Self-reported data are very important in Healthcare, especially when combined with data from sensors. Social Networking Sites, such as Facebook, are a promising source of not only self-reported data but also social data, which are otherwise difficult to obtain. Due to their unstructured nature, providing information that is meaningful to health professionals from this source is a daunting task. To this end, we employ Social Network Applications as Social Sensors that gather structured data and use Semantic Web technologies to fuse them with hardware sensor data, effectively integrating both sources. We show that this combination of social and hardware sensor observations creates a novel space that can be used for a variety of feature-rich e-Health applications. We present the design of our prototype framework, SENHANCE, and our findings from its pilot application in the NutriHeAl project, where a Facebook app is integrated with Fitbit digital pedometers for Lifestyle monitoring. PMID:25759065

  9. Heterogeneous Sensor Data Exploration and Sustainable Declarative Monitoring Architecture: Application to Smart Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servigne, S.; Gripay, Y.; Pinarer, O.; Samuel, J.; Ozgovde, A.; Jay, J.

    2016-09-01

    Concerning energy consumption and monitoring architectures, our goal is to develop a sustainable declarative monitoring architecture for lower energy consumption taking into account the monitoring system itself. Our second is to develop theoretical and practical tools to model, explore and exploit heterogeneous data from various sources in order to understand a phenomenon like energy consumption of smart building vs inhabitants' social behaviours. We focus on a generic model for data acquisition campaigns based on the concept of generic sensor. The concept of generic sensor is centered on acquired data and on their inherent multi-dimensional structure, to support complex domain-specific or field-oriented analysis processes. We consider that a methodological breakthrough may pave the way to deep understanding of voluminous and heterogeneous scientific data sets. Our use case concerns energy efficiency of buildings to understand relationship between physical phenomena and user behaviors. The aim of this paper is to give a presentation of our methodology and results concerning architecture and user-centric tools.

  10. Web Services: Architecture and Application in Enterprises%基于Web Services的构架及企业应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣

    2007-01-01

    随着互联网的不断发展,企业对跨平台的系统需求越来越迫切,而新的网络应用技术构架Web Services技术的出现,为企业应用集成的发展提供了崭新的模式.通过介绍Web Services的主要技术及其应用构架,并结合具体的实例阐述了Web Services构架技术在企业上的应用及前景.

  11. An Energy-Efficient and High-Quality Video Transmission Architecture in Wireless Video-Based Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasaman Samei

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Technological progress in the fields of Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS and wireless communications and also the availability of CMOS cameras, microphones and small-scale array sensors, which may ubiquitously capture multimedia content from the field, have fostered the development of low-cost limited resources Wireless Video-based Sensor Networks (WVSN. With regards to the constraints of videobased sensor nodes and wireless sensor networks, a supporting video stream is not easy to implement with the present sensor network protocols. In this paper, a thorough architecture is presented for video transmission over WVSN called Energy-efficient and high-Quality Video transmission Architecture (EQV-Architecture. This architecture influences three layers of communication protocol stack and considers wireless video sensor nodes constraints like limited process and energy resources while video quality is preserved in the receiver side. Application, transport, and network layers are the layers in which the compression protocol, transport protocol, and routing protocol are proposed respectively, also a dropping scheme is presented in network layer. Simulation results over various environments with dissimilar conditions revealed the effectiveness of the architecture in improving the lifetime of the network as well as preserving the video quality.

  12. An Energy-Efficient and High-Quality Video Transmission Architecture in Wireless Video-Based Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghdasi, Hadi S.; Abbaspour, Maghsoud; Moghadam, Mohsen Ebrahimi; Samei, Yasaman

    2008-01-01

    Technological progress in the fields of Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and wireless communications and also the availability of CMOS cameras, microphones and small-scale array sensors, which may ubiquitously capture multimedia content from the field, have fostered the development of low-cost limited resources Wireless Video-based Sensor Networks (WVSN). With regards to the constraints of video-based sensor nodes and wireless sensor networks, a supporting video stream is not easy to implement with the present sensor network protocols. In this paper, a thorough architecture is presented for video transmission over WVSN called Energy-efficient and high-Quality Video transmission Architecture (EQV-Architecture). This architecture influences three layers of communication protocol stack and considers wireless video sensor nodes constraints like limited process and energy resources while video quality is preserved in the receiver side. Application, transport, and network layers are the layers in which the compression protocol, transport protocol, and routing protocol are proposed respectively, also a dropping scheme is presented in network layer. Simulation results over various environments with dissimilar conditions revealed the effectiveness of the architecture in improving the lifetime of the network as well as preserving the video quality.

  13. Rapid EHR development and implementation using web and cloud-based architecture in a large home health and hospice organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Charlotte A; Teenier, Pamela

    2014-01-01

    Health care organizations have long been limited to a small number of major vendors in their selection of an electronic health record (EHR) system in the national and international marketplace. These major EHR vendors have in common base systems that are decades old, are built in antiquated programming languages, use outdated server architecture, and are based on inflexible data models [1,2]. The option to upgrade their technology to keep pace with the power of new web-based architecture, programming tools and cloud servers is not easily undertaken due to large client bases, development costs and risk [3]. This paper presents the decade-long efforts of a large national provider of home health and hospice care to select an EHR product, failing that to build their own and failing that initiative to go back into the market in 2012. The decade time delay had allowed new technologies and more nimble vendors to enter the market. Partnering with a new start-up company doing web and cloud based architecture for the home health and hospice market, made it possible to build, test and implement an operational and point of care system in 264 home health locations across 40 states and three time zones in the United States. This option of "starting over" with the new web and cloud technologies may be posing a next generation of new EHR vendors that retells the Blackberry replacement by iPhone story in healthcare. PMID:24943570

  14. A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs

    OpenAIRE

    Mehdi Naghavi; Mohsen Sharifi

    2012-01-01

    Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an archite...

  15. 使用WebSphere平台设计Web服务结构框架的研究%A study of WEB service architecture frame based on Websphere platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林跃进

    2006-01-01

    面向服务的体系结构(Service-Oriented Architecture,SOA)因其固有的松散耦合与互操作性,成为许多企业应用的自然选择.主要介绍了如何使用WebSphere平台提供的Web服务开发工具及J2EE1.4提供的Web服务功能轻松构建能够访问现有业务流程的SOA系统.

  16. “Wireless Sensor Networks - Architectures, Protocols, Simulators and Applications: a Survey”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. G. Shiva Prasad Yadav

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a new research technology in the distributed computing environment and plays a very important role in the pervasive computing to support various applications. It has a great potential to be utilized in battlefields and in different commercial applications like traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring, construction structures, smart homes, offices and many more. Research on several aspects of WSNs like energy efficiency, power management, rouunrting, topology control, data management and security are progressing extensively. In this technical paper a survey on recent trends in wireless sensor network research, different topologies, routing protocols, simulators and applications is carried out. A smart WSN consists of sensor nodes made of small electronic device and are deployed across a geographical area. These nodes carry out the sensing, processing and transmission of data from different physical environments. They depend on batteries which get drained very soon due to the computation and data transmission to other nodes. The architectures of WSN are mainly depending on application requirements. WSN is a multidisciplinary area of research where different applications developers, users, hardware and software designers need to work closely to implement an efficient application. The different characteristics of the sensor network like flexibility, fault tolerance, high sensing fidelity, low cost and rapid deployment create many new and exciting application areas.

  17. A web-based system for home monitoring of patients with Parkinson's disease using wearable sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bor-Rong; Patel, Shyamal; Buckley, Thomas; Rednic, Ramona; McClure, Douglas J; Shih, Ludy; Tarsy, Daniel; Welsh, Matt; Bonato, Paolo

    2011-03-01

    This letter introduces MercuryLive, a platform to enable home monitoring of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using wearable sensors. MercuryLive contains three tiers: a resource-aware data collection engine that relies upon wearable sensors, web services for live streaming and storage of sensor data, and a web-based graphical user interface client with video conferencing capability. Besides, the platform has the capability of analyzing sensor (i.e., accelerometer) data to reliably estimate clinical scores capturing the severity of tremor, bradykinesia, and dyskinesia. Testing results showed an average data latency of less than 400 ms and video latency of about 200 ms with video frame rate of about 13 frames/s when 800 kb/s of bandwidth were available and we used a 40% video compression, and data feature upload requiring 1 min of extra time following a 10 min interactive session. These results indicate that the proposed platform is suitable to monitor patients with PD to facilitate the titration of medications in the late stages of the disease. PMID:21041152

  18. A Unified Robotic Software Architecture for Service Robotics and Networks of Smart Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westhoff, Daniel; Zhang, Jianwei

    This paper proposes a novel architecture for the programming of multi-modal service robots and networked sensors. The presented software framework eases the development of high-level applications for distributed systems. The software architecture is based upon the Roblet-Technology, which is an exceptionally powerful medium in robotics. The possibility to develop, compile and execute an application on one workstation and distribute parts of a program based on the idea of mobile code is pointed out. Since the Roblet-Technology uses Java the development is independent of the operation system. The framework hides the network communication and therefore greatly improves the programming and testing of applications in service robotics. The concept is evaluated in the context of the service robot TASER of the TAMS Institute at the University of Hamburg. This robot consists of a mobile platform with two manipulators equipped with artificial hands. Several multimodal input and output devices for interaction round off the robot. Networked cameras in the working environment of TASER provide additional information to the robot. The integration of these smart sensors shows the extendability of the proposed concept to general distributed systems.

  19. Design and implementation of information acquisition system architecture for multi-sensor robots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Guoliang; Huang Xinhan; Wang Min

    2007-01-01

    A multi-layer controller architecture based on digital signal processor(DSP)and on-chip MCU was proposed for multi-sensor information acquisition system;it consisted of a data acquisition unit and a data fusion unit,and used a host controller to connect the two units into all integrated system.Compared with architectures of traditional acquisition system,this architecture had good openness and goad adaptability of algorithms in hardware.To validate its feasibility,a small-scale prototype was cleverly designed,which adopted ADuC812.tMS320F206 and 89C51 as controllers,and had 16-channel ADC and 12-channel DAC with high accuracy of 12-bit.The Interfaces between different controllers were introduced in detail.Some basic parameters of the prototype were presented by board-level tests and by comparison with other two systems.The prototype Was employed to provide on-line state measurement,parameter estimation and decision-making for trajectory tracking of wheeled mobile robot.Experimental results show that the prototype achieves the goals of data acquisition,fusion and control perfectly.

  20. The Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF) Architecture: Coordination of Multiple Oceanic Robot Boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfes, Alberto; Podnar, Gregg W.; Dolan, John M.; Stancliff, Stephen; Lin, Ellie; Hosler, Jeffrey C.; Ames, Troy J.; Higinbotham, John; Moisan, John R.; Moisan, Tiffany A.; Kulczycki, Eric A.

    2008-01-01

    Earth science research must bridge the gap between the atmosphere and the ocean to foster understanding of Earth s climate and ecology. Ocean sensing is typically done with satellites, buoys, and crewed research ships. The limitations of these systems include the fact that satellites are often blocked by cloud cover, and buoys and ships have spatial coverage limitations. This paper describes a multi-robot science exploration software architecture and system called the Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF). TAOSF supervises and coordinates a group of robotic boats, the OASIS platforms, to enable in-situ study of phenomena in the ocean/atmosphere interface, as well as on the ocean surface and sub-surface. The OASIS platforms are extended deployment autonomous ocean surface vehicles, whose development is funded separately by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). TAOSF allows a human operator to effectively supervise and coordinate multiple robotic assets using a sliding autonomy control architecture, where the operating mode of the vessels ranges from autonomous control to teleoperated human control. TAOSF increases data-gathering effectiveness and science return while reducing demands on scientists for robotic asset tasking, control, and monitoring. The first field application chosen for TAOSF is the characterization of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). We discuss the overall TAOSF architecture, describe field tests conducted under controlled conditions using rhodamine dye as a HAB simulant, present initial results from these tests, and outline the next steps in the development of TAOSF.

  1. A Flexible Tool for Web Service Selection in Service Oriented Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walaa Nagy

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Web Services are emerging technologies that enable application to application communication and reuse of services over Web. Semantic Web improves the quality of existing tasks, including Web services discovery, invocation, composition, monitoring, and recovery through describing Web services capabilities and content in a computer interpretable language. To provide most of the requested Web services, a Web service matchmaker is usually required. Web service matchmaking is the process of finding an appropriate provider for a requester through a middle agent. To provide the right service for the right user request, Quality of service (QoS-based Web service selection is widely used. Employing QoS in Web service selection helps to satisfy user requirements through discovering the best service(s in terms of the required QoS. Inspired by the mode of the Internet Web search engine, like Yahoo, Google, in this paper we provide a QoS-based service selection algorithm that is able to identify the best candidate semantic Web service(s given the description of the requested service(s and QoS criteria of user requirements. In addition, our proposed approach proposes a ranking method for those services. We also show how we employ data warehousing techniques to model the service selection problem. The proposed algorithm integrates traditional match making mechanism with data warehousing techniques. This integration of methodologies enables us to employ the historical preference of the user to provide better selection in future searches. The main result of the paper is a generic framework that is implemented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed algorithm for QoS-based Web application. Our presented experimental results show that the algorithm indeed performs well and increases the system reliability.

  2. An Architecture for Real-Time Interpretation and Visualization of Structural Sensor Data in a Laboratory Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doggett, William; Vazquez, Sixto

    2000-01-01

    A visualization system is being developed out of the need to monitor, interpret, and make decisions based on the information from several thousand sensors during experimental testing to facilitate development and validation of structural health monitoring algorithms. As an added benefit the system will enable complete real-time sensor assessment of complex test specimens. Complex structural specimens are routinely tested that have hundreds or thousands of sensors. During a test, it is impossible for a single researcher to effectively monitor all the sensors and subsequently interesting phenomena occur that are not recognized until post-test analysis. The ability to detect and alert the researcher to these unexpected phenomena as the test progresses will significantly enhance the understanding and utilization of complex test articles. Utilization is increased by the ability to halt a test when the health monitoring algorithm response is not satisfactory or when an unexpected phenomenon occurs, enabling focused investigation potentially through the installation of additional sensors. Often if the test continues, structural changes make it impossible to reproduce the conditions that exhibited the phenomena. The prohibitive time and costs associated with fabrication, sensoring, and subsequent testing of additional test articles generally makes it impossible to further investigate the phenomena. A scalable architecture is described to address the complex computational demands of structural health monitoring algorithm development and laboratory experimental test monitoring. The researcher monitors the test using a photographic quality 3D graphical model with actual sensor locations identified. In addition, researchers can quickly activate plots displaying time or load versus selected sensor response along with the expected values and predefined limits. The architecture has several key features. First, distributed dissimilar computers may be seamlessly integrated into the

  3. Optical Flow in a Smart Sensor Based on Hybrid Analog-Digital Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Guzmán

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a motion sensor (delivering optical flow estimations using a platform that includes the sensor itself, focal plane processing resources, and co-processing resources on a general purpose embedded processor. All this is implemented on a single device as a SoC (System-on-a-Chip. Optical flow is the 2-D projection into the camera plane of the 3-D motion information presented at the world scenario. This motion representation is widespread well-known and applied in the science community to solve a wide variety of problems. Most applications based on motion estimation require work in real-time; hence, this restriction must be taken into account. In this paper, we show an efficient approach to estimate the motion velocity vectors with an architecture based on a focal plane processor combined on-chip with a 32 bits NIOS II processor. Our approach relies on the simplification of the original optical flow model and its efficient implementation in a platform that combines an analog (focal-plane and digital (NIOS II processor. The system is fully functional and is organized in different stages where the early processing (focal plane stage is mainly focus to pre-process the input image stream to reduce the computational cost in the post-processing (NIOS II stage. We present the employed co-design techniques and analyze this novel architecture. We evaluate the system’s performance and accuracy with respect to the different proposed approaches described in the literature. We also discuss the advantages of the proposed approach as well as the degree of efficiency which can be obtained from the focal plane processing capabilities of the system. The final outcome is a low cost smart sensor for optical flow computation with real-time performance and reduced power consumption that can be used for very diverse application domains.

  4. Optical flow in a smart sensor based on hybrid analog-digital architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzmán, Pablo; Díaz, Javier; Agís, Rodrigo; Ros, Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop a motion sensor (delivering optical flow estimations) using a platform that includes the sensor itself, focal plane processing resources, and co-processing resources on a general purpose embedded processor. All this is implemented on a single device as a SoC (System-on-a-Chip). Optical flow is the 2-D projection into the camera plane of the 3-D motion information presented at the world scenario. This motion representation is widespread well-known and applied in the science community to solve a wide variety of problems. Most applications based on motion estimation require work in real-time; hence, this restriction must be taken into account. In this paper, we show an efficient approach to estimate the motion velocity vectors with an architecture based on a focal plane processor combined on-chip with a 32 bits NIOS II processor. Our approach relies on the simplification of the original optical flow model and its efficient implementation in a platform that combines an analog (focal-plane) and digital (NIOS II) processor. The system is fully functional and is organized in different stages where the early processing (focal plane) stage is mainly focus to pre-process the input image stream to reduce the computational cost in the post-processing (NIOS II) stage. We present the employed co-design techniques and analyze this novel architecture. We evaluate the system's performance and accuracy with respect to the different proposed approaches described in the literature. We also discuss the advantages of the proposed approach as well as the degree of efficiency which can be obtained from the focal plane processing capabilities of the system. The final outcome is a low cost smart sensor for optical flow computation with real-time performance and reduced power consumption that can be used for very diverse application domains.

  5. A Fault-Tolerant Data Dissemination Based on Honeycomb Architecture for Mobile Multi-Sink Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Erman-Tüysüz, Aysegül; Dilo, Arta; Havinga, Paul

    2010-01-01

    In mission critical applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), multiple sinks can be associated to first responders such as firefighters, but also to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). In such scenarios, data dissemination of events towards mobile sinks should be performed reliably. In this paper we present Honeycomb Architecture which enables data dissemination considering dynamic conditions of multiple sinks and sources. Honeycomb Architecture exploits a virtual infrastructure called ‘h...

  6. Layered Ontological Modelling for Web Service-oriented Model-Driven Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Pahl, Claus

    2005-01-01

    Modelling is recognised as an essential activity in the architectural design of software systems. Model-driven architecture (MDA) is a framework implementing this idea. Ontologies are knowledge representation frameworks that are ideally suited to support modelling in this endeavour. We propose here a layered ontological framework that addresses domain modelling, architectural modelling, and interoperability aspects in the development of service-based software systems. We ...

  7. Phased Array-Fed Reflector (PAFR) Antenna Architectures for Space-Based Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Michael E.

    2014-01-01

    Communication link and target ranges for satellite communications (SATCOM) and space-based sensors (e.g. radars) vary from approximately 1000 km (for LEO satellites) to 35,800 km (for GEO satellites). At these long ranges, large antenna gains are required and legacy payloads have usually employed large reflectors with single beams that are either fixed or mechanically steered. For many applications, there are inherent limitations that are associated with the use of these legacy antennas/payloads. Hybrid antenna designs using Phased Array Fed Reflectors (PAFRs) provide a compromise between reflectors and Direct Radiating phased Arrays (DRAs). PAFRs provide many of the performance benefits of DRAs while utilizing much smaller, lower cost (feed) arrays. The primary limitation associated with hybrid PAFR architectures is electronic scan range; approximately +/-5 to +/- 10 degrees is typical, but this range depends on many factors. For LEO applications, the earth FOV is approximately +/-55 degrees which is well beyond the range of electronic scanning for PAFRs. However, for some LEO missions, limited scanning is sufficient or the CONOPS and space vehicle designs can be developed to incorporate a combination mechanical slewing and electronic scanning. In this paper, we review, compare and contrast various PAFR architectures with a focus on their general applicability to space missions. We compare the RF performance of various PAFR architectures and describe key hardware design and implementation trades. Space-based PAFR designs are highly multi-disciplinary and we briefly address key hardware engineering design areas. Finally, we briefly describe two PAFR antenna architectures that have been developed at Northrop Grumman.

  8. An Analytical Approach for Optimal Clustering Architecture for Maximizing Lifetime in Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogesh Rai

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Many methods have been researched to prolong sensor network lifetime using mobile technologies. In the mobile sink research, there are the track based methods and the anchor points based methods as representative operation methods for mobile sinks. However, the existing methods decrease Quality of Service (QoS and lead the routing hotspot in the vicinity of the mobile sink. In large scale wireless sensor networks, clustering is an effective technique for the purpose of improving the utilization of limited energy and prolonging the network lifetime. However, the problem of unbalanced energy dissipation exists in the multi-hop clustering model, where the cluster heads closer to the sink have to relay heavier traffic and consume more energy than farther nodes. In this paper we analyze several aspects based on the optimal clustering architecture for maximizing lifetime for large scale wireless sensor network. We also provide some analytical concepts for energy-aware head rotation and routing protocols to further balance the energy consumption among all nodes.

  9. Motion-sensor fusion-based gesture recognition and its VLSI architecture design for mobile devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wenping; Liu, Leibo; Yin, Shouyi; Hu, Siqi; Tang, Eugene Y.; Wei, Shaojun

    2014-05-01

    With the rapid proliferation of smartphones and tablets, various embedded sensors are incorporated into these platforms to enable multimodal human-computer interfaces. Gesture recognition, as an intuitive interaction approach, has been extensively explored in the mobile computing community. However, most gesture recognition implementations by now are all user-dependent and only rely on accelerometer. In order to achieve competitive accuracy, users are required to hold the devices in predefined manner during the operation. In this paper, a high-accuracy human gesture recognition system is proposed based on multiple motion sensor fusion. Furthermore, to reduce the energy overhead resulted from frequent sensor sampling and data processing, a high energy-efficient VLSI architecture implemented on a Xilinx Virtex-5 FPGA board is also proposed. Compared with the pure software implementation, approximately 45 times speed-up is achieved while operating at 20 MHz. The experiments show that the average accuracy for 10 gestures achieves 93.98% for user-independent case and 96.14% for user-dependent case when subjects hold the device randomly during completing the specified gestures. Although a few percent lower than the conventional best result, it still provides competitive accuracy acceptable for practical usage. Most importantly, the proposed system allows users to hold the device randomly during operating the predefined gestures, which substantially enhances the user experience.

  10. Semantics empowered web 3.0 managing enterprise, social, sensor, and cloud-based data and services for advanced applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sheth, Amit

    2012-01-01

    After the traditional document-centric Web 1.0 and user-generated content focused Web 2.0, Web 3.0 has become a repository of an ever growing variety of Web resources that include data and services associated with enterprises, social networks, sensors, cloud, as well as mobile and other devices that constitute the Internet of Things. These pose unprecedented challenges in terms of heterogeneity (variety), scale (volume), and continuous changes (velocity), as well as present corresponding opportunities if they can be exploited. Just as semantics has played a critical role in dealing with data h

  11. Architecture and Implementation of a Scalable Sensor Data Storage and Analysis System Using Cloud Computing and Big Data Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galip Aydin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sensors are becoming ubiquitous. From almost any type of industrial applications to intelligent vehicles, smart city applications, and healthcare applications, we see a steady growth of the usage of various types of sensors. The rate of increase in the amount of data produced by these sensors is much more dramatic since sensors usually continuously produce data. It becomes crucial for these data to be stored for future reference and to be analyzed for finding valuable information, such as fault diagnosis information. In this paper we describe a scalable and distributed architecture for sensor data collection, storage, and analysis. The system uses several open source technologies and runs on a cluster of virtual servers. We use GPS sensors as data source and run machine-learning algorithms for data analysis.

  12. Distributed design tools: Mapping targeted design tools onto a Web-based distributed architecture for high-performance computing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmes, V.P.; Linebarger, J.M.; Miller, D.J.; Poore, C.A.

    1999-11-30

    Design Tools use a Web-based Java interface to guide a product designer through the design-to-analysis cycle for a specific, well-constrained design problem. When these Design Tools are mapped onto a Web-based distributed architecture for high-performance computing, the result is a family of Distributed Design Tools (DDTs). The software components that enable this mapping consist of a Task Sequencer, a generic Script Execution Service, and the storage of both data and metadata in an active, object-oriented database called the Product Database Operator (PDO). The benefits of DDTs include improved security, reliability, scalability (in both problem size and computing hardware), robustness, and reusability. In addition, access to the PDO unlocks its wide range of services for distributed components, such as lookup and launch capability, persistent shared memory for communication between cooperating services, state management, event notification, and archival of design-to-analysis session data.

  13. Objectively Optimized Observation Direction System Providing Situational Awareness for a Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aulov, O.; Lary, D. J.

    2010-12-01

    There is great utility in having a flexible and automated objective observation direction system for the decadal survey missions and beyond. Such a system allows us to optimize the observations made by suite of sensors to address specific goals from long term monitoring to rapid response. We have developed such a prototype using a network of communicating software elements to control a heterogeneous network of sensor systems, which can have multiple modes and flexible viewing geometries. Our system makes sensor systems intelligent and situationally aware. Together they form a sensor web of multiple sensors working together and capable of automated target selection, i.e. the sensors “know” where they are, what they are able to observe, what targets and with what priorities they should observe. This system is implemented in three components. The first component is a Sensor Web simulator. The Sensor Web simulator describes the capabilities and locations of each sensor as a function of time, whether they are orbital, sub-orbital, or ground based. The simulator has been implemented using AGIs Satellite Tool Kit (STK). STK makes it easy to analyze and visualize optimal solutions for complex space scenarios, and perform complex analysis of land, sea, air, space assets, and shares results in one integrated solution. The second component is target scheduler that was implemented with STK Scheduler. STK Scheduler is powered by a scheduling engine that finds better solutions in a shorter amount of time than traditional heuristic algorithms. The global search algorithm within this engine is based on neural network technology that is capable of finding solutions to larger and more complex problems and maximizing the value of limited resources. The third component is a modeling and data assimilation system. It provides situational awareness by supplying the time evolution of uncertainty and information content metrics that are used to tell us what we need to observe and the

  14. Coordinated traffic incident management using the I-Net embedded sensor architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudziak, Martin J.

    1999-01-01

    The I-Net intelligent embedded sensor architecture enables the reconfigurable construction of wide-area remote sensing and data collection networks employing diverse processing and data acquisition modules communicating over thin- server/thin-client protocols. Adaptive initially for operation using mobile remotely-piloted vehicle platforms such as small helicopter robots such as the Hornet and Ascend-I, the I-Net architecture lends itself to a critical problem in the management of both spontaneous and planned traffic congestion and rerouting over major interstate thoroughfares such as the I-95 Corridor. Pre-programmed flight plans and ad hoc operator-assisted navigation of the lightweight helicopter, using an auto-pilot and gyroscopic stabilization augmentation units, allows daytime or nighttime over-the-horizon flights of the unit to collect and transmit real-time video imagery that may be stored or transmitted to other locations. With on-board GPS and ground-based pattern recognition capabilities to augment the standard video collection process, this approach enables traffic management and emergency response teams to plan and assist real-time in the adjustment of traffic flows in high- density or congested areas or during dangerous road conditions such as during ice, snow, and hurricane storms. The I-Net architecture allows for integration of land-based and roadside sensors within a comprehensive automated traffic management system with communications to and form an airborne or other platform to devices in the network other than human-operated desktop computers, thereby allowing more rapid assimilation and response for critical data. Experiments have been conducted using several modified platforms and standard video and still photographic equipment. Current research and development is focused upon modification of the modular instrumentation units in order to accommodate faster loading and reloading of equipment onto the RPV, extension of the I-Net architecture to

  15. Two-Level Architecture Model for Web Applications Development%Web应用开发的两层体系结构建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨卫东; 施伯乐

    2002-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet,the Web has evolved into a main platform for delivering all kinds of applications.The complexity of Web applications requires more systematic method and model to support it.This paper describes development process of Web applications,presents a two-level architecture model of Web applications and its modeling language(object-oriented modeling language-OOWML),which includes hypermedia model and data model.With the Object-Oriented concepts,this method uses object as an uniform modeling entity,provides high-level description of a Web application,supports modeling Web service entities at arbitrary levels of granularity,abstraction and reuse.OOWML is a textual language based on XML and independent of specific platform,supports design,implementation and maintenance ofr Web applications.

  16. Next-Generation Real-Time Geodetic Station Sensor Web for Natural Hazards Research and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bock, Y.; Clayton, R. W.; Fang, P.; Geng, J.; Gutman, S. I.; Kedar, S.; Laber, J. L.; Moore, A. W.; Owen, S. E.; Small, I.; Squibb, M. B.; Webb, F.; Yu, E.

    2012-12-01

    We report on a NASA AIST project focused on better forecasting, assessing, and mitigating natural hazards, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and extreme storms and flooding through development and implementation of a modular technology for the next-generation in-situ geodetic station, and a Geodetic Sensor Web to support the flow of information from multiple stations to scientists, mission planners, decision makers, and first responders. Meaningful warnings save lives when issued within 1-2 minutes for destructive earthquakes, several tens of minutes for tsunamis, and up to several hours for extreme storms and flooding, and can be provided by on-site fusion of multiple data types and generation of higher-order data products: GPS and accelerometer measurements to estimate point displacements, and GPS and meteorological measurements to estimate moisture variability in the free atmosphere. By operating semi-autonomously, each station can provide low-latency, high-fidelity and compact data products within the constraints of narrow communications bandwidth that often accompanies natural disasters. The project encompasses the following tasks, including hardware and software components: (1) Development of a power-efficient, low-cost, plug-in Geodetic Module for fusion of data from in situ sensors including GPS, a MEMS accelerometer package, and a MEMS meteorological sensor package, for deployment at 26 existing continuous GPS stations in southern California. The low-cost modular design is scalable to the many existing continuous GPS stations worldwide. (2) Estimation of new on-the-fly data products with 1 mm precision and accuracy, including three-dimensional broadband displacements and precipitable water, by new software embedded in the Geodetic Module's processor, rather than at a central processing facility. (3) Development of a Geodetic Sensor Web to allow the semi-autonomous sensors to transmit and receive information in real time by means of redundant sensor proxy

  17. Evolving Wireless Sensor Network Behavior Through Adaptability Points in Middleware Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Michiels

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Reflection has been proven to be a powerful mechanism to address software adaptation in middleware architectures; however this concept requires that the middleware be open and that modification of all of its functionality and behavior be possible. This leads to systems which are difficult to understand and may quickly overwhelm developers. Safer and more understandable approaches use modeling and put forth a partial implementation of reflective principles while limiting the possible scope of modification, as with translucent middleware. We consider that given the resource constraints in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSNs it is preferable to limit reflective features in order to conserve computational cycles and reduce network traffic. Additionally we do not believe all modifications lie within the concerns of the application developer and we introduce a separation of operational concerns that maps different modification responsibilities and levels of abstractions to different operational roles. We introduce a middleware architecture that provides strategy-controlled adaptability points; which are available to modify the behavior of the middleware's primary functionality. We have evaluated our approach through the implementation of a proof of concept prototype that supportsan industrial use case in the logistics domain and aneed-for-change scenario in the middleware's capacity planning functionality. Results demonstrate how changes in business requirements may be effectively supported through the introduction of adaptability points.

  18. A 15 × 15 single photon avalanche diode sensor featuring breakdown pixels extraction architecture for efficient data readout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiao; Zhu, Hongbo; Nakura, Toru; Iizuka, Tetsuya; Asada, Kunihiro

    2016-04-01

    This paper proposes a breakdown pixels extraction architecture for single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) based faint light detection systems. The proposed extraction circuit detects the breakdown pixels and only their addresses are readout. Therefore, under the faint light environment, this SPAD-based sensor significantly improves the data readout efficiency. In addition, since the readout sequence is 4× faster than that of the conventional architecture in the dark condition, the proposed system does not need an independent on-chip event detection circuit that consumes additional area and power. A test-of-concept chip with a 15 × 15 SPAD pixels array was fabricated in a 0.18 µm 1P5M standard CMOS process and pinhole diffraction patterns were successfully captured thanks to the high sensitivity of the SPAD sensor. Under the faint light condition, a high-speed readout is verified by measurement and the robustness of the proposed architecture is successfully demonstrated.

  19. Food web architecture and basal resources interact to determine biomass and stoichiometric cascades along a benthic food web.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael D Guariento

    Full Text Available Understanding the effects of predators and resources on primary producers has been a major focus of interest in ecology. Within this context, the trophic cascade concept especially concerning the pelagic zone of lakes has been the focus of the majority of these studies. However, littoral food webs could be especially interesting because base trophic levels may be strongly regulated by consumers and prone to be light limited. In this study, the availability of nutrients and light and the presence of an omnivorous fish (Hyphessobrycon bifasciatus were manipulated in enclosures placed in a humic coastal lagoon (Cabiúnas Lagoon, Macaé - RJ to evaluate the individual and interactive effects of resource availability (nutrients and light and food web configuration on the biomass and stoichiometry of periphyton and benthic grazers. Our findings suggest that light and nutrients interact to determine periphyton biomass and stoichiometry, which propagates to the consumer level. We observed a positive effect of the availability of nutrients on periphytic biomass and grazers' biomass, as well as a reduction of periphytic C∶N∶P ratios and an increase of grazers' N and P content. Low light availability constrained the propagation of nutrient effects on periphyton biomass and induced higher periphytic C∶N∶P ratios. The effects of fish presence strongly interacted with resource availability. In general, a positive effect of fish presence was observed for the total biomass of periphyton and grazer's biomass, especially with high resource availability, but the opposite was found for periphytic autotrophic biomass. Fish also had a significant effect on periphyton stoichiometry, but no effect was observed on grazers' stoichiometric ratios. In summary, we observed that the indirect effect of fish predation on periphyton biomass might be dependent on multiple resources and periphyton nutrient stoichiometric variation can affect consumers' stoichiometry.

  20. Architecture of Wireless Visual Sensor Node with Region of Interest Coding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Imran

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Vision Sensor Node (WVSN is an emerging field which has a number of potential applications like surveillance, smart home, and environmental monitoring. WVSN consists of a number of nodes which are referred to as wireless Vision Sensor Node (VSN. Each VSN is expected to perform vision processing by using limited resources such as power, memory, processing, and wireless bandwidth. The major challenges in VSN include reduction in processing and communication energy consumption, in order to maximize the lifetime. To meet this challenge, our goal is to propose a VSN architecture which has reduced processing and communication energy consumption and has small design complexity on hardware platform. A number of different processing strategies are investigated to realize a VSN with these characteristics. A VSN with suitable strategy is then implemented and energy values are measured on real hardware. In this strategy, the processing energy consumption is reduced by implementing lightweight vision tasks on the VSN by using hardware platform and moving complex tasks to a server. The communication energy consumption is reduced with Region Of Interest coding together with a ITU-T G4 compression scheme. The implemented system is compared with a previously published system. The comparison shows that proposed VSN consumes up to 34 percent lower energy consumption and depending on the sample period, it can achieve approximately 50 percent greater lifetime as compared to the published system.

  1. Compact SPAD-Based Pixel Architectures for Time-Resolved Image Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Perenzoni

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the state of the art of single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD image sensors for time-resolved imaging. The focus of the paper is on pixel architectures featuring small pixel size (<25 μm and high fill factor (>20% as a key enabling technology for the successful implementation of high spatial resolution SPAD-based image sensors. A summary of the main CMOS SPAD implementations, their characteristics and integration challenges, is provided from the perspective of targeting large pixel arrays, where one of the key drivers is the spatial uniformity. The main analog techniques aimed at time-gated photon counting and photon timestamping suitable for compact and low-power pixels are critically discussed. The main features of these solutions are the adoption of analog counting techniques and time-to-analog conversion, in NMOS-only pixels. Reliable quantum-limited single-photon counting, self-referenced analog-to-digital conversion, time gating down to 0.75 ns and timestamping with 368 ps jitter are achieved.

  2. Knowledge base and sensor bus messaging service architecture for critical tsunami warning and decision-support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabeur, Z. A.; Wächter, J.; Middleton, S. E.; Zlatev, Z.; Häner, R.; Hammitzsch, M.; Loewe, P.

    2012-04-01

    The intelligent management of large volumes of environmental monitoring data for early tsunami warning requires the deployment of robust and scalable service oriented infrastructure that is supported by an agile knowledge-base for critical decision-support In the TRIDEC project (TRIDEC 2010-2013), a sensor observation service bus of the TRIDEC system is being developed for the advancement of complex tsunami event processing and management. Further, a dedicated TRIDEC system knowledge-base is being implemented to enable on-demand access to semantically rich OGC SWE compliant hydrodynamic observations and operationally oriented meta-information to multiple subscribers. TRIDEC decision support requires a scalable and agile real-time processing architecture which enables fast response to evolving subscribers requirements as the tsunami crisis develops. This is also achieved with the support of intelligent processing services which specialise in multi-level fusion methods with relevance feedback and deep learning. The TRIDEC knowledge base development work coupled with that of the generic sensor bus platform shall be presented to demonstrate advanced decision-support with situation awareness in context of tsunami early warning and crisis management.

  3. Compact SPAD-Based Pixel Architectures for Time-Resolved Image Sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perenzoni, Matteo; Pancheri, Lucio; Stoppa, David

    2016-01-01

    This paper reviews the state of the art of single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) image sensors for time-resolved imaging. The focus of the paper is on pixel architectures featuring small pixel size (20%) as a key enabling technology for the successful implementation of high spatial resolution SPAD-based image sensors. A summary of the main CMOS SPAD implementations, their characteristics and integration challenges, is provided from the perspective of targeting large pixel arrays, where one of the key drivers is the spatial uniformity. The main analog techniques aimed at time-gated photon counting and photon timestamping suitable for compact and low-power pixels are critically discussed. The main features of these solutions are the adoption of analog counting techniques and time-to-analog conversion, in NMOS-only pixels. Reliable quantum-limited single-photon counting, self-referenced analog-to-digital conversion, time gating down to 0.75 ns and timestamping with 368 ps jitter are achieved. PMID:27223284

  4. A robust hybrid VLSI neural network architecture for a smart optical sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djahanshahi, Hormoz

    This thesis introduces a novel approach to the design of circuits found in a very large scale integration (VLSI) implementation of an artificial neural network. A robust hybrid architecture with analog and digital elements has been developed for a fully-parallel single-chip realization of multilayer neural networks. The proposed architecture is highly modular and creates regular silicon structures that well suit a VLSI realization. The architecture employs an innovative universal building block consisting of an improved digital-analog multiplier, a new analog active nonlinear resistor and a digital weight register. The key circuit called a unified synapse-neuron allows one to realize a self-scaling sigmoidal neuron characteristic that does not have to be constantly redesigned to accommodate a varying dynamic input range that is dependent upon the number of synaptic weights connected to the input of the neuron. The effects of synaptic weight quantization noise are also shown to be reduced using a stochastic model developed in the thesis. A new resistive-type neuron circuit is presented that exhibits inherently low characteristic variations based on analyses, simulations and fabrication measurements. Moreover, as each neuron is realized by a number of compact sub-neurons that are distributed over the die area, the effects of process variations on the neuron's characteristics are minimized due to the distributed averaging effect that takes place. Increased robustness is achieved as there is a simultaneous reduction of both digital quantization effects and analog variation effects. The distributed nature of the analog neuron also has the potential to contribute to increased fault tolerance for certain types of neuron circuit failure. Circuit design, implementation and characterization are performed in a standard CMOS process at 5V and 3.3V supply voltages so as to lead to an optimized design. The purpose for this research was to develop a smart non-contact optical

  5. A Web Content Analytics Architecture for Malicious JavaScript Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JongHun Jung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent web-based cyber attacks are evolving into a new form of attacks such as private information theft and DDoS attack exploiting JavaSc ript within a web page. These attacks can be made just by accessing a web site without distri bution of malicious codes and infection. Script-based cyber attacks are hard to detect with traditional security equipments such as Firewall and IPS because they inject malicious scri pts in a response message for a normal web request. Furthermore, they are hard to trace becaus e attacks such as DDoS can be made just by visiting a web page. Due to these reasons, it is ex pected that they could result in direct damages and great ripple effects. To cope with these issues , in this article, a proposal is made for techniques that are used to detect malicious script s through real-time web content analysis and to automatically generate detection signatures for malicious JavaScript.

  6. A FPGA embedded web server for remote monitoring and control of smart sensors networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magdaleno, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Manuel; Pérez, Fernando; Hernández, David; García, Enrique

    2013-12-27

    This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the μCLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI). The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A). Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology.

  7. A FPGA Embedded Web Server for Remote Monitoring and Control of Smart Sensors Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Magdaleno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the μCLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI. The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A. Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology.

  8. A FPGA embedded web server for remote monitoring and control of smart sensors networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magdaleno, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Manuel; Pérez, Fernando; Hernández, David; García, Enrique

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the μCLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI). The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A). Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology. PMID:24379047

  9. Performative Urban Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Bo Stjerne; Jensen, Ole B.

    The paper explores how performative urban architecture can enhance community-making and public domain using socio-technical systems and digital technologies to constitute an urban reality. Digital medias developed for the web are now increasingly occupying the urban realm as a tool for navigating...... using sensor technologies opening up for new access considerations in architecture as well as the ability for a local environment to act as real-time sources of information and facilities. Starting from the NoRA pavilion for the 10th International Architecture Biennale in Venice the paper discusses...... couple relationships between architecture, humans and society. These performative relationships between digital and physical environments are seen as illustrative of the social production of space by performance and the creative production of identity. The paper reflects on the perspectives...

  10. Design Architecture-Based on Web Server and Application Cluster in Cloud Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gita Shah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cloud has been a computational and storage solution for many data centric organizations. The problem today those organizations are facing from t he cloud is in data searching in an efficient manner. A framework is required to distribute the w ork of searching and fetching from thousands of computers. The data in HDFS is scatter ed and needs lots of time to retrieve. The major idea is to design a web server in the map pha se using the jetty web server which will give a fast and efficient way of searching data in MapRe duce paradigm. For real time processing on Hadoop, a searchable mechanism is implemented in HD FS by creating a multilevel index in web server with multi-level index keys. The web ser ver uses to handle traffic throughput. By web clustering technology we can improve the applicatio n performance. To keep the work down, the load balancer should automatically be able to distr ibute load to the newly added nodes in the server.

  11. A CORBA BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR ACCESSING REUSABLE SOFTWARE COMPONENTS ON THE WEB.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Cenk ERDUR

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In a very near future, as a result of the continious growth of Internet and advances in networking technologies, Internet will become the common software repository for people and organizations who employ component based reuse approach in their software development life cycles. In order to use the reusable components such as source codes, analysis, designs, design patterns during new software development processes, environments that support the identification of the components over Internet are needed. Basic elements of such an environment are the coordinator programs which deliver user requests to appropriate component libraries, user interfaces for querying, and programs that wrap the component libraries. First, a CORBA based architecture is proposed for such an environment. Then, an alternative architecture that is based on the Java 2 platform technologies is given for the same environment. Finally, the two architectures are compared.

  12. An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for  Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ramon Velasco

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems embedded in Wireless Sensor Networks, which has been designed to optimize the implementation of ISs. This architecture includes the following: (a an optimized design for the inference engine; (b a visual interface; (c a module to reduce the redundancy and complexity of the knowledge bases; (d a module to evaluate the accuracy of the new knowledge base; (e a module to adapt the format of the rules to the structure used by the inference engine; and (f a communications protocol. As a real-world application of this architecture and the proposed methodologies, we show an application to the problem of modeling two plagues of the olive tree: prays (olive moth, Prays oleae Bern. and repilo (caused by the fungus Spilocaea oleagina. The results show that the architecture presented in this paper significantly decreases the consumption of resources (memory, CPU and battery without a substantial decrease in the accuracy of the inferred values.

  13. Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youssef Tawk

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone.

  14. The implementation of common object request broker architecture (CORBA) for controlling robot arm via web

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the employment of the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) technology in the implementation of our distributed Arm Robot Controller (ARC). CORBA is an industrial standard architecture based on distributed abstract object model, which is developed by Object Management Group (OMG). The architecture consists of five components i.e. Object Request Broker (ORB), Interface Definition Language (IDL), Dynamic Invocation Interface (DII), Interface Repositories (IR) and Object adapter (OA). CORBA objects are different from typical programming objects in three ways i.e. they can be executed on any platform, located anywhere on the network and written in any language that supports IDL mapping. In the implementation of the system, 5 degree of freedom (DOF) arm robot RCS 6.0 and Java as a programming mapping to the CORBA IDL. By implementing this architecture, the objects in the server machine can be distributed over the network in order to run the controller. the ultimate goal for our ARC system is to demonstrate concurrent execution of multiple arm robots through multiple instantiations of distributed object components. (Author)

  15. Increasing Mission Science Return Through Use of Spacecraft Autonomy and Sensor Webs: A Volcanology Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, A. G.; Chien, S. A.; Castano, R.; Tran, D. Q.; Scharenbroich, L. J.

    2006-12-01

    Mission science return is increased through use of onboard autonomy, and using disparate assets integrated into an autonomously-operating sensor web that can re-task these assets to rapidly obtain additional data. Software on spacecraft has been used to analyse data to detect dynamic events of high interest, such as on- going volcanic activity. This capability has been successfully demonstrated by the NASA New Millennium Program Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment (ASE), on the Earth Observing 1 spacecraft in Earth-orbit [1-2]. The potential now exists for eruption parameters to be quantified onboard a spacecraft, using models that relate thermal emission to volumetric eruption rate. This promises a notification not only of on-going activity, but also the magnitude of the event, within a few hours of the original observation, a process that normally takes weeks. ASE/EO-1 is part of the JPL Volcano Sensor Web [3]. This autonomous system collates information of volcanic activity from numerous assets and retasks EO-1 to obtain observations as soon as practicable. The use of a ground-based planner allows rapid insertion or replacement of new observations, with no human intervention. Endusers are notified automatically by email. Spacecraft autonomy, involving automatic fault detection and mitigation, onboard processing of data, and replanning of observations, allows mission operations to break free from pre-ordained operations sequencing, necessary for studying dynamic volcanic processes on other bodies in the Solar System (e.g., Io and Enceladus). Onboard processing allows quantification of dynamic processes, improving both science content per returned byte and optimization of subsequent resource use. This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory-California Institute of Technology, under contract to NASA. [1] Chien, S. et al. (2004) The EO-1 Autonomous Science Agent, Proceedings of the 2004 Conferences on Autonomous Agents and Multi-agent Systems (AAMAS

  16. Architecture of Embedded Web Server%嵌入式Web服务器的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    位玉静; 李跃辉; 任勋益; 马晓东; 陈小星

    2011-01-01

    由于嵌入式系统自身的特点,在实际应用中需要实现人机交互的功能,而通过网页可以直观方便地对应用系统进行操作与管理,所以文中探讨了基于一种Web服务器BOA及CGI外部扩展程序构建Web Server的方法.在嵌入式uMnux系统基础之上介绍了BOA的移植配置过程及CGI程序的扩展开发.对BOA及CGI程序进行交叉编译并移植到开发板上,通过主机的浏览器访问Web Server来测试服务器的运行及CGI的执行结果.测试结果表明其运行稳定、控制方便、响应迅速,适合在嵌入式系统中做Web Server.%In practical applications, the embedded system needs to achieve the function of human-computer interaction, aa of the characteristics of itself. Proposed the way to construct the Web Server based on BOA and CGI program in order to resolve the control of the remote central office and terminal equipment. Porting BOA and CGI extension development are based on uCLinux. The BOA and CGI programs are cron-compiled and transplanted into the development board. Through the browser of the host server testing the operation of Web Server, the results of the test show that the BOA running stable,easy to control, quick to answer, reaching to the anticipated design purpose.

  17. The ecological model web concept: A consultative infrastructure for researchers and decision makers using a Service Oriented Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Gary

    2010-05-01

    Rapid climate and socioeconomic changes may be outrunning society's ability to understand, predict, and respond to change effectively. Decision makers such as natural resource managers want better information about what these changes will be and how the resources they are managing will be affected. Researchers want better understanding of the components and processes of ecological systems, how they interact, and how they respond to change. Nearly all these activities require computer models to make ecological forecasts that can address "what if" questions. However, despite many excellent models in ecology and related disciplines, there is no coordinated model system—that is, a model infrastructure--that researchers or decision makers can consult to gain insight on important ecological questions or help them make decisions. While this is partly due to the complexity of the science, to lack of critical observations, and other issues, limited access to and sharing of models and model outputs is a factor as well. An infrastructure that increased access to and sharing of models and model outputs would benefit researchers, decision makers of all kinds, and modelers. One path to such a "consultative infrastructure" for ecological forecasting is called the Model Web, a concept for an open-ended system of interoperable computer models and databases communicating using a Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). Initially, it could consist of a core of several models, perhaps made interoperable retroactively, and then it could grow gradually as new models or databases were added. Because some models provide basic information of use to many other models, such as simple physical parameters, these "keystone" models are of particular importance in a model web. In the long run, a model web would not be rigidly planned and built--instead, like the World Wide Web, it would grow largely organically, with limited central control, within a framework of broad goals and data exchange

  18. ROSA: Resource-Oriented High-Performance Web Container Architecture%ROSA:资源敏感的高性能Web容器体系结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓炜; 张文博; 王联华

    2012-01-01

    Most of the current Web containers adopt thread-pool architecture. A Web component which Web container supports may obtain multiple shared resources during runtime. The concurrency limits of these resources may cause thread-blocking and seriously hinder the performance. This paper proposes a resource-oriented Web container architecture, which is named ROSA (resource-oriented staged architecture). When some shared resources are saturated and Web container receives the requests for Web components demanding these resources, ROSA will postpone serving these requests in order to reduce thread-blocking. The paper builds the performance model of ROSA and thread-pool architecture using queuing Petri nets, and the experimental results of simulation and load testing show the performance advantage of ROSA.%现有的Web容器多采用线程池体系结构,而Web容器所支撑的动态Web组件在执行过程中可能需要获取多种共享资源,由共享资源并发量限制导致的线程阻塞可能会严重影响性能.提出了一种资源敏感的Web容器体系结构ROSA (resource-oriented staged architecture).当某些共享资源达到饱和时,若Web容器接到对需要这些资源的Web组件的请求,ROSA会暂缓为这些请求提供服务以减少线程阻塞.基于排队Petri网,建立了ROSA结构和线程池结构的性能模型,通过模型仿真和负载实验验证了ROSA体系结构的性能优势.

  19. A Web Architecture to Geographically Interrogate CHIRPS Rainfall and eMODIS NDVI for Land Use Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Jason E.; Limaye, Ashutosh

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring of rainfall and vegetation over the continent of Africa is important for assessing the status of crop health and agriculture, along with long-term changes in land use change. These issues can be addressed through examination of long-term precipitation (rainfall) data sets and remote sensing of land surface vegetation and land use types. Two products have been used previously to address these goals: the Climate Hazard Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) rainfall data, and multi-day composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from the USGS eMODIS product. Combined, these are very large data sets that require unique tools and architecture to facilitate a variety of data analysis methods or data exploration by the end user community. To address these needs, a web-enabled system has been developed to allow end-users to interrogate CHIRPS rainfall and eMODIS NDVI data over the continent of Africa. The architecture allows end-users to use custom defined geometries, or the use of predefined political boundaries in their interrogation of the data. The massive amount of data interrogated by the system allows the end-users with only a web browser to extract vital information in order to investigate land use change and its causes. The system can be used to generate daily, monthly and yearly averages over a geographical area and range of dates of interest to the user. It also provides analysis of trends in precipitation or vegetation change for times of interest. The data provided back to the end-user is displayed in graphical form and can be exported for use in other, external tools. The development of this tool has significantly decreased the investment and requirements for end-users to use these two important datasets, while also allowing the flexibility to the end-user to limit the search to the area of interest.

  20. A Proxy Design to Leverage the Interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Ludovici

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling.

  1. A proxy design to leverage the interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludovici, Alessandro; Calveras, Anna

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling. PMID:25585107

  2. Concurrent access to a virtual microscope using a web service oriented architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corredor, Germán.; Iregui, Marcela; Arias, Viviana; Romero, Eduardo

    2013-11-01

    Virtual microscopy (VM) facilitates visualization and deployment of histopathological virtual slides (VS), a useful tool for education, research and diagnosis. In recent years, it has become popular, yet its use is still limited basically because of the very large sizes of VS, typically of the order of gigabytes. Such volume of data requires efficacious and efficient strategies to access the VS content. In an educative or research scenario, several users may require to access and interact with VS at the same time, so, due to large data size, a very expensive and powerful infrastructure is usually required. This article introduces a novel JPEG2000-based service oriented architecture for streaming and visualizing very large images under scalable strategies, which in addition need not require very specialized infrastructure. Results suggest that the proposed architecture enables transmission and simultaneous visualization of large images, while it is efficient using resources and offering users proper response times.

  3. Architecture for improving terrestrial logistics based on the web of things

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Skarmeta; Jara, Antonio J; Miguel de Castro

    2012-01-01

    Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehic...

  4. RoCoMAR: robots' controllable mobility aided routing and relay architecture for mobile sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Duc Van; Oh, Hoon; Yoon, Seokhoon

    2013-01-01

    In a practical deployment, mobile sensor network (MSN) suffers from a low performance due to high node mobility, time-varying wireless channel properties, and obstacles between communicating nodes. In order to tackle the problem of low network performance and provide a desired end-to-end data transfer quality, in this paper we propose a novel ad hoc routing and relaying architecture, namely RoCoMAR (Robots' Controllable Mobility Aided Routing) that uses robotic nodes' controllable mobility. RoCoMAR repeatedly performs link reinforcement process with the objective of maximizing the network throughput, in which the link with the lowest quality on the path is identified and replaced with high quality links by placing a robotic node as a relay at an optimal position. The robotic node resigns as a relay if the objective is achieved or no more gain can be obtained with a new relay. Once placed as a relay, the robotic node performs adaptive link maintenance by adjusting its position according to the movements of regular nodes. The simulation results show that RoCoMAR outperforms existing ad hoc routing protocols for MSN in terms of network throughput and end-to-end delay. PMID:23881134

  5. POGs2: a web portal to facilitate cross-species inferences about protein architecture and function in plants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Tomcal

    Full Text Available The Putative orthologous Groups 2 Database (POGs2 (http://pogs.uoregon.edu/ integrates information about the inferred proteomes of four plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Zea mays, Orza sativa, and Populus trichocarpa in a display that facilitates comparisons among orthologs and extrapolation of annotations among species. A single-page view collates key functional data for members of each Putative Orthologous Group (POG: graphical representations of InterPro domains, predicted and established intracellular locations, and imported gene descriptions. The display incorporates POGs predicted by two different algorithms as well as gene trees, allowing users to evaluate the validity of POG memberships. The web interface provides ready access to sequences and alignments of POG members, as well as sequences, alignments, and domain architectures of closely-related paralogs. A simple and flexible search interface permits queries by BLAST and by any combination of gene identifier, keywords, domain names, InterPro identifiers, and intracellular location. The concurrent display of domain architectures for orthologous proteins highlights errors in gene models and false-negatives in domain predictions. The POGs2 layout is also useful for exploring candidate genes identified by transposon tagging, QTL mapping, map-based cloning, and proteomics, and for navigating between orthologous groups that belong to the same gene family.

  6. Architecture design of plug-in WebGIS using RIA technology%RIA技术方案下的插件式WebGIS系统架构设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗智勇; 罗娟; 赖德军

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了RIA方案下基于MVVM设计模式和MEF插件方案进行插件式WebGIS系统设计的核心思路和关键实现技术,并在“四川省山地灾害多源信息集成管理系统”开发项目中对插件式WebGIS系统架构进行了实践,取得了良好的效果.系统中各项功能被作为独立插件进行开发,然后被集中或分散部署到可访问到的任何网络位置,用户在使用时,按需对插件进行动态加载或卸载,这种松散耦合的架构方式降低了软件设计开发的难度,提高了开发效率,保障了系统的灵活、高效、稳定,为WebGIS应用程序开发提供了良好的支持.%This article discussed MVVM design pattern and MEF plug-in solution, which constituted key technologies of plug-in WebGIS architecture design. Toe architecture solution discussed in this article was practiced in Sichuan Province Geological Hazard Information Management System, and obtained good results. Facts have proved that plug-in architecture pattern provides effective support for the development of complicated and flexible WebGIS software. In R1A web application development, plug-irt architecture pattern considers function modules as independent plug-in components, which can been developed separately and deployed to any Website. By on-demand asynchronous loading, the main web framework can load plug-in components dynamically and extend new functions expediently without modifying or recompiling the original application. Loosely coupled architecture pattern reduces the difficulty of software design , and increases the efficiency of system development and maintenance, and assures the flexibility, efficiency and stability of system. Plug-in architecture pattern has already become a kind of important design pattern for the development of WebGIS system.

  7. MVC Architecture Driven Design and Agile Implementation of a Web-Based Software System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandhya Prakash

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports design and implementation of a web based software system for storing and managinginformation related to time management and productivity of employees working on a project.The systemhas been designed and implemented with best principles from model viewcontrollerand agile development.Such system has practical use for any organization in terms of ease of use, efficiency, and cost savings. Themanuscript describes design of the system as well as its database and user interface. Detailed snapshots ofthe working system are provided too

  8. Server Technology – Web Based Service Oriented Architecture for Mobile Augmented Reality System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jatin Dilipkumar Shah

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Server Technology stands for lots of technology in mind like Microsoft, Sun Java, IBM, Open Source and many more. In mobile augmentation, server plays very important role to augment the data. Responsibility of the server is to collect the data , mixed virtual data with real data and these data sent back to client on Remote device at Remote place In this paper we briefly discuss about the server technology for web based Service oriented, also the processing software required for augmentation, it’s software technology, how they accept input from various types of devices and generated output data of various types like audio, video, 3-D graphics.

  9. Dolphin-FEW: an architecture for compilers development, monitoring and use on the web

    OpenAIRE

    Matos, Paulo; Henriques, Pedro

    2003-01-01

    DOLPHIN is a framework developed to help the construction of high performance, multi-language and retargetable compilers. It is constituted by a set of components, used to build and test new compilers or compiler routines; and by a set of tools, used to access, manage and develop the components. To improve and enlarge the functionalities of the DOLPHIN, several small projects were implemented around the framework, one of them is the DOLPHIN – Front-End for the Web, whose the goal is to build ...

  10. Web 2.0 systems supporting childhood chronic disease management: A pattern language representation of a general architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekberg Joakim

    2008-11-01

    settings, endorsement of self-learning through online peer-to-peer communication, and systematic accreditation and evaluation of materials and processes. Conclusion The use of design patterns allows representing the core design elements of a Web 2.0 system upon which an 'ecological' development of content respecting these constraints can be built. Future research should include evaluations of Web 2.0 systems implemented according to the architecture in practice settings.

  11. SAMuS: service-oriented architecture for multisensor surveillance in smart homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hoecke, Sofie; Verborgh, Ruben; Van Deursen, Davy; Van de Walle, Rik

    2014-01-01

    The design of a service-oriented architecture for multisensor surveillance in smart homes is presented as an integrated solution enabling automatic deployment, dynamic selection, and composition of sensors. Sensors are implemented as Web-connected devices, with a uniform Web API. RESTdesc is used to describe the sensors and a novel solution is presented to automatically compose Web APIs that can be applied with existing Semantic Web reasoners. We evaluated the solution by building a smart Kinect sensor that is able to dynamically switch between IR and RGB and optimizing person detection by incorporating feedback from pressure sensors, as such demonstrating the collaboration among sensors to enhance detection of complex events. The performance results show that the platform scales for many Web APIs as composition time remains limited to a few hundred milliseconds in almost all cases. PMID:24778579

  12. A Scalable Wireless Sensor Network (WSN Based Architecture for Fire Disaster Monitoring in the Developing World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Lule

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available All over the world, there is a tremendous increase in disaster occurrences such as landslide, toxic gas pollutions and wild fires. Least developed countries like Uganda have taken minimal efforts in management and containment of such disasters on behalf of the local populace. The dangers of fires are as a result of lack of proper information about the location, intensity and rate of spread of fire. However, the use of WSN may be one of the alternative ways of reducing risks associated with spreading fires resulting into destruction of lives and property worth millions of shillings. Our research looks at fire monitoring using sensors deployed in an event field to detect possible precursors of a fire occurrence using a simulated approach of OPNET Modeler (Ver. 14.0. Mobile nodes were deployed in proximity of (500X500 m2 flat space moving at a uniform speed of 10ms-1 for 30 minutes. Our simulations are based on ftp high priority traffic to reflect real time information transfer for analysis. This paper evaluates and discusses how sensed information can be transmitted through a network with minimal delay and proposes a scalable WSN architectural design based on protocol perspective i.e. AODV and DSR. Two QoS parameters have been considered i.e. delay and throughput. Our results show that AODV scheme has got a minimum delay of 0.2ms-1and a maximum throughput of 1.7Mbps. Hence it's highly recommended for monitoring fires in large open area settings compared to DSR that is suitable for smaller areas. Results show that DSR exhibits higher delays due to nodal congestion and high control overheads. However, introducing the proposed heterogeneous routing mechanism i.e. (AODV+DSR into the network significantly improves the performance of DSR.

  13. Architecture of a Process Broker for Interoperable Geospatial Modeling on the Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Bigagli

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The identification of appropriate mechanisms for process sharing and reuse by means of composition is considered a key enabler for the effective uptake of a global Earth Observation infrastructure, currently pursued by the international geospatial research community. Modelers in need of running complex workflows may benefit from outsourcing process composition to a dedicated external service, according to the brokering approach. This work introduces our architecture of a process broker, as a distributed information system for creating, validating, editing, storing, publishing and executing geospatial-modeling workflows. The broker provides a service framework for adaptation, reuse and complementation of existing processing resources (including models and geospatial services in general in the form of interoperable, executable workflows. The described solution has been experimentally applied in several use scenarios in the context of EU-funded projects and the Global Earth Observation System of Systems.

  14. A web-services architecture designed for intermittent connectivity to support medical response to disasters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Steve; Griswold, William; Lenert, Leslie A

    2005-01-01

    To support mobile computing systems for first responders at mass casualty sites, as part of the WIISARD (Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters) project, we have developed a data architecture to gracefully handle an environment with frequent network failure and, multiple writers that also supports rapid dissemination of updates that could be critical to the safety of responders. This is accomplished by allowing for a subset of the overall information available in a disaster scene to be cached locally on a responder's device and locally modified with or without network access. When the network is available, the local subset of the model is automatically synchronized with a server that contains the full model, and conflicts are resolved. When changes from a device are committed, the changes are instantly sent to any connected devices where the local subset would be modified by the changes. PMID:16779191

  15. Sensor Web Standards for Interoperability between in-situ Earth Observation Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieke, Matthes; Casas, Raquel; Garcia, Oscar; Jirka, Simon; Menard, Lionel; Ranchin, Thierry; Stasch, Christoph; Wald, Lucien

    2016-04-01

    Existing earth observation networks deliver a multitude of in-situ data capturing the state of the earth. The data sets delivered by these networks are of high value for scientists and other stakeholders from different domains and backgrounds. However, the access and integration of the data sets made available by these earth observation networks are often complex as different data delivery methods and formats are used. To strengthen and broaden the use of the available data sets, it is important to offer efficient methods for accessing the data from different types of applications (e.g. for data analysis or data visualisation). The Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) are adopted by more and more stakeholders and may serve as a good baseline for increasing the interoperability of data flows. This harmonisation of standards is also one of the core objectives of the ENEON (European Network of Earth Observation Networks) initiative promoted by the European Horizon 2020 project ConnectinGEO (Coordinating an Observation Network of Networks EnCompassing saTellite and IN-situ to fill the Gaps in European Observations). In this contribution, we illustrate how domain-specific profiles of the OGC SWE standards may help to increase interoperability within specific domains. This includes for example the specification of SWE profiles for hydrology (e.g. resulting from the European GEOWOW project) or the e-Reporting SWE profiles for ambient air quality in Europe. Another example are SWE profiles for oceanology which are currently developed by several projects such as BRIDGES, Eurofleets 2, FixO3, IOOS, Jerico-Next, NeXOS, ODIP II, and SeaDataNet (e.g. using RelaxNG and Schematron for defining a structure of SWE encoded messages to be applied in tools, vessels and fixed stations). Finally, a Sensor Web-based scenario from the ConnectinGEO project covering energy and solar radiation will be introduced that connects data providers and users

  16. Design, Development and Testing of Web Services for Multi-Sensor Snow Cover Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadlec, Jiri

    This dissertation presents the design, development and validation of new data integration methods for mapping the extent of snow cover based on open access ground station measurements, remote sensing images, volunteer observer snow reports, and cross country ski track recordings from location-enabled mobile devices. The first step of the data integration procedure includes data discovery, data retrieval, and data quality control of snow observations at ground stations. The WaterML R package developed in this work enables hydrologists to retrieve and analyze data from multiple organizations that are listed in the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Sciences Inc (CUAHSI) Water Data Center catalog directly within the R statistical software environment. Using the WaterML R package is demonstrated by running an energy balance snowpack model in R with data inputs from CUAHSI, and by automating uploads of real time sensor observations to CUAHSI HydroServer. The second step of the procedure requires efficient access to multi-temporal remote sensing snow images. The Snow Inspector web application developed in this research enables the users to retrieve a time series of fractional snow cover from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) for any point on Earth. The time series retrieval method is based on automated data extraction from tile images provided by a Web Map Tile Service (WMTS). The average required time for retrieving 100 days of data using this technique is 5.4 seconds, which is significantly faster than other methods that require the download of large satellite image files. The presented data extraction technique and space-time visualization user interface can be used as a model for working with other multi-temporal hydrologic or climate data WMTS services. The third, final step of the data integration procedure is generating continuous daily snow cover maps. A custom inverse distance weighting method has been developed

  17. Distributed Social Bookmarking Web Service Architecture. SOAP vs. iCamp FeedBack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej AFONIN

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Social bookmarking services became very popular recently. Easy of use, possibility to share and discover in addition to accessibility though the Internet, turns social bookmarking systems into powerful repository of shared knowledge. Obviously this attracts attention of educational institutions and recently such systems started to appear under their domains. However, usually these systems stay separate and limit their users by their bounds. It means that separate systems' students could reach each other and use knowledge base, aggregated in other systems. On the other side, institutions usually want to own this assembled data and do not give away collected knowledge base to third side. This issue does not allow building social bookmarking systems that can be used by multi-institutional users. An idea is to develop distributed system where every institution will have their own database, but, on the other hand, will allow exploring and using data from other network sources. This article overviews possible distributed system architecture models and suggests a solution that will eliminate such service issues. Moreover, two different approaches towards distributed services communication are evaluated in this article: SOAP vs. iCamp FeedBack. SOAP is a lightweight XML based protocol for exchanging structured information between distributed applications. FeedBack is another model that uses plain RSS feed to transmit data. Both models are tested and evaluated in this article.

  18. Phenotypic and genotypic data integration and exploration through a web-service architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuzzo, Angelo; Riva, Alberto; Bellazzi, Riccardo

    2009-01-01

    Background Linking genotypic and phenotypic information is one of the greatest challenges of current genetics research. The definition of an Information Technology infrastructure to support this kind of studies, and in particular studies aimed at the analysis of complex traits, which require the definition of multifaceted phenotypes and the integration genotypic information to discover the most prevalent diseases, is a paradigmatic goal of Biomedical Informatics. This paper describes the use of Information Technology methods and tools to develop a system for the management, inspection and integration of phenotypic and genotypic data. Results We present the design and architecture of the Phenotype Miner, a software system able to flexibly manage phenotypic information, and its extended functionalities to retrieve genotype information from external repositories and to relate it to phenotypic data. For this purpose we developed a module to allow customized data upload by the user and a SOAP-based communications layer to retrieve data from existing biomedical knowledge management tools. In this paper we also demonstrate the system functionality by an example application of the system in which we analyze two related genomic datasets. Conclusion In this paper we show how a comprehensive, integrated and automated workbench for genotype and phenotype integration can facilitate and improve the hypothesis generation process underlying modern genetic studies. PMID:19828081

  19. A high dynamic range digital LinLog CMOS image sensor architecture based on Event Readout of pixels and suitable for low voltage operation

    OpenAIRE

    Guilvard, Alexandre; Magnan, Pierre; Segura, Josep; Martin-Gonthier, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    Several approaches have been developed to extend the dynamic range of image sensor in order to keep all the information content of natural scenes covering a very broad range of illumination. Digital CMOS image sensor are especially well suited to wide dynamic range imaging by implementing dual sampling, multiple exposure methods using either column or in pixel ADC, or Address Event Representation. A new architecture of digital high dynamic range CMOS image sensor, suitable for low voltage ope...

  20. Web camera as low cost multispectral sensor for quantification of chlorophyll in soybean leaves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhiwibawa, Marcelinus A.; Setiawan, Yonathan E.; Prilianti, Kestrilia R.; Brotosudarmo, Tatas H. P.

    2015-01-01

    Soybeans is one of main crops in Indonesia but the demand for soybeans is not followed by an increase in soybeans national production. One of the production limitation factor is the availability of lush cultivation area for soybeans plantation. Indonesian farners are usually grow soybeans in marginal cultivation area that requires soybeans varieties which tolerant with environmental stress such as drought, nutrition limitation, pest, disease and many others. Chlorophyll content in leaf is one of plant health indicator that can be used to determine environmental stress tolerant soybean varieties. However, there are difficulties in soybeans breeding research due to the manual acquisition of data that are time consume and labour extensive. In this paper authors proposed automatic system of soybeans leaves area and chlorophyll quantification based on low cost multispectral sensor using web camera as an indicator of soybean plant tollerance to environmental stress particularlly drought stress. The system acquires the image of the plant that is placed in the acquisition box from the top of the plant. The image is segmented using NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from image and quantified to yield an average value of NDVI and leaf area. The proposed system showed that acquired NDVI value has a strong relationship with SPAD value with r-square value 0.70, while the leaf area prediction has error of 18.41%. Thus the automation system can quantify plant data with good result.

  1. SensoTube: A Scalable Hardware Design Architecture for Wireless Sensors and Actuators Networks Nodes in the Agricultural Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piromalis, Dimitrios; Arvanitis, Konstantinos

    2016-01-01

    Wireless Sensor and Actuators Networks (WSANs) constitute one of the most challenging technologies with tremendous socio-economic impact for the next decade. Functionally and energy optimized hardware systems and development tools maybe is the most critical facet of this technology for the achievement of such prospects. Especially, in the area of agriculture, where the hostile operating environment comes to add to the general technological and technical issues, reliable and robust WSAN systems are mandatory. This paper focuses on the hardware design architectures of the WSANs for real-world agricultural applications. It presents the available alternatives in hardware design and identifies their difficulties and problems for real-life implementations. The paper introduces SensoTube, a new WSAN hardware architecture, which is proposed as a solution to the various existing design constraints of WSANs. The establishment of the proposed architecture is based, firstly on an abstraction approach in the functional requirements context, and secondly, on the standardization of the subsystems connectivity, in order to allow for an open, expandable, flexible, reconfigurable, energy optimized, reliable and robust hardware system. The SensoTube implementation reference model together with its encapsulation design and installation are analyzed and presented in details. Furthermore, as a proof of concept, certain use cases have been studied in order to demonstrate the benefits of migrating existing designs based on the available open-source hardware platforms to SensoTube architecture. PMID:27527180

  2. SensoTube: A Scalable Hardware Design Architecture for Wireless Sensors and Actuators Networks Nodes in the Agricultural Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piromalis, Dimitrios; Arvanitis, Konstantinos

    2016-08-04

    Wireless Sensor and Actuators Networks (WSANs) constitute one of the most challenging technologies with tremendous socio-economic impact for the next decade. Functionally and energy optimized hardware systems and development tools maybe is the most critical facet of this technology for the achievement of such prospects. Especially, in the area of agriculture, where the hostile operating environment comes to add to the general technological and technical issues, reliable and robust WSAN systems are mandatory. This paper focuses on the hardware design architectures of the WSANs for real-world agricultural applications. It presents the available alternatives in hardware design and identifies their difficulties and problems for real-life implementations. The paper introduces SensoTube, a new WSAN hardware architecture, which is proposed as a solution to the various existing design constraints of WSANs. The establishment of the proposed architecture is based, firstly on an abstraction approach in the functional requirements context, and secondly, on the standardization of the subsystems connectivity, in order to allow for an open, expandable, flexible, reconfigurable, energy optimized, reliable and robust hardware system. The SensoTube implementation reference model together with its encapsulation design and installation are analyzed and presented in details. Furthermore, as a proof of concept, certain use cases have been studied in order to demonstrate the benefits of migrating existing designs based on the available open-source hardware platforms to SensoTube architecture.

  3. SensoTube: A Scalable Hardware Design Architecture for Wireless Sensors and Actuators Networks Nodes in the Agricultural Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piromalis, Dimitrios; Arvanitis, Konstantinos

    2016-01-01

    Wireless Sensor and Actuators Networks (WSANs) constitute one of the most challenging technologies with tremendous socio-economic impact for the next decade. Functionally and energy optimized hardware systems and development tools maybe is the most critical facet of this technology for the achievement of such prospects. Especially, in the area of agriculture, where the hostile operating environment comes to add to the general technological and technical issues, reliable and robust WSAN systems are mandatory. This paper focuses on the hardware design architectures of the WSANs for real-world agricultural applications. It presents the available alternatives in hardware design and identifies their difficulties and problems for real-life implementations. The paper introduces SensoTube, a new WSAN hardware architecture, which is proposed as a solution to the various existing design constraints of WSANs. The establishment of the proposed architecture is based, firstly on an abstraction approach in the functional requirements context, and secondly, on the standardization of the subsystems connectivity, in order to allow for an open, expandable, flexible, reconfigurable, energy optimized, reliable and robust hardware system. The SensoTube implementation reference model together with its encapsulation design and installation are analyzed and presented in details. Furthermore, as a proof of concept, certain use cases have been studied in order to demonstrate the benefits of migrating existing designs based on the available open-source hardware platforms to SensoTube architecture. PMID:27527180

  4. Application of Spring Architecture in the WEB System Project%在WEB系统项目中Spring架构的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕晶

    2013-01-01

    The internet in information age is filling all kinds of websites, in which WEB palys a very important role. However, traditional WEB has obvious defect, which is solved by Spring architecture on the basis of J2EE mode. This thesis has a deep research and discussion about the application of Spring architecture.%信息时代的网络充斥的各种网站,WEB网页在其中起到了重要的作用,但传统WEB有比较明显的缺陷,而基于J2EE模式的Spring架构则有效的解决了此类问题。本文对Spring架构的应用进行了深入的研究和探讨。

  5. Architecture Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Avgeriou, Paris; Stal, Michael; Hilliard, Rich

    2013-01-01

    Software architecture is the foundation of software system development, encompassing a system's architects' and stakeholders' strategic decisions. A special issue of IEEE Software is intended to raise awareness of architecture sustainability issues and increase interest and work in the area. The first Web extra at http://youtu.be/wUGHvocfix0 is an audio interview in which Davide Falessi speaks with guest editors Paris Avgeriou and Rich Hilliard about the importance of architecture sustainabil...

  6. Architecture of Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks: Multiple Access Case

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Song; Dimitrios Hatzinakos

    2007-01-01

    We propose to develop Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks (MSSN), under high sensor node density, where multiple sensor nodes need to share one single communication channel in the node-to-sink transmission. By exploiting the tradeoff between the successful information retrieval probability and the nodes energy consumption, a number of multiple nodes transmission scheduling algorithms are proposed. Both optimal and suboptimal algorithms, which exhibit exponential and linear complexity r...

  7. Web Page Recommendation Using Web Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modraj Bhavsar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available On World Wide Web various kind of content are generated in huge amount, so to give relevant result to user web recommendation become important part of web application. On web different kind of web recommendation are made available to user every day that includes Image, Video, Audio, query suggestion and web page. In this paper we are aiming at providing framework for web page recommendation. 1 First we describe the basics of web mining, types of web mining. 2 Details of each web mining technique.3We propose the architecture for the personalized web page recommendation.

  8. A 128 × 128 Pixel Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Image Sensor with an Improved Pixel Architecture for Detecting Modulated Light Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Koji; Oya, Yu; Kagawa, Keiichiro; Nunoshita, Masahiro; Ohta, Jun; Watanabe, Kunihiro

    A complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor for the detection of modulated light under background illumination has been developed. When an object is illuminated by a modulated light source under background illumination the sensor enables the object alone to be captured. This paper describes improvements in pixel architecture for reducing fixed pattern noise (FPN) and improving the sensitivity of the image sensor. The improved 128 × 128 pixel CMOS image sensor with a column parallel analog-to-digital converter (ADC) circuit was fabricated using 0.35-mm CMOS technology. The resulting captured images are shown and the properties of improved pixel architecture are described. The image sensor has FPN of 1/28 that of the previous image sensor and an improved pixel architecture comprising a common in-pixel amp and a correlated double sampling (CDS) circuit. The use of a split photogate increases the sensitivity of the image sensor to 1.3 times that of the previous image sensor.

  9. A sensor management architecture concept for monitoring emissions from open-air demil operations.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Michael M.; Robinson, Jerry D.; Stoddard, Mary Clare; Horn, Brent A.; Lipkin, Joel; Foltz, Greg W.

    2005-09-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, CA proposed a sensor concept to detect emissions from open-burning/open-detonation (OB/OD) events. The system would serve two purposes: (1) Provide data to demilitarization operations about process efficiency, allowing process optimization for cleaner emissions and higher efficiency. (2) Provide data to regulators and neighboring communities about materials dispersing into the environment by OB/OD operations. The proposed sensor system uses instrument control hardware and data visualization software developed at Sandia National Laboratories to link together an array of sensors to monitor emissions from OB/OD events. The suite of sensors would consist of various physical and chemical detectors mounted on stationary or mobile platforms. The individual sensors would be wirelessly linked to one another and controlled through a central command center. Real-time data collection from the sensors, combined with integrated visualization of the data at the command center, would allow for feedback to the sensors to alter operational conditions to adjust for changing needs (i.e., moving plume position, increased spatial resolution, increased sensitivity). This report presents a systems study of the problem of implementing a sensor system for monitoring OB/OD emissions. The goal of this study was to gain a fuller understanding of the political, economic, and technical issues for developing and fielding this technology.

  10. iCalm: wearable sensor and network architecture for wirelessly communicating and logging autonomic activity.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fletcher, R.R.; Dobson, K.; Goodwin, M.S.; Eydgahi, H.; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.; Fernholz, D.; Kuboyama, Y.; Hedman, E.B.; Poh, M.Z.; Picard, R.W.

    2010-01-01

    Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable hardware. In this paper, we present a new low-cost, low-power wireless sensor p

  11. Personalized Web Services for Web Information Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    Jarir, Zahi; Quafafou, Mohamed; Erradi, Mahammed

    2011-01-01

    The field of information extraction from the Web emerged with the growth of the Web and the multiplication of online data sources. This paper is an analysis of information extraction methods. It presents a service oriented approach for web information extraction considering both web data management and extraction services. Then we propose an SOA based architecture to enhance flexibility and on-the-fly modification of web extraction services. An implementation of the proposed architecture is p...

  12. A Carrier Class IoT Service Architecture Integrating IMS with SWE

    OpenAIRE

    Dongliang Xie; Chao Shang; Jinchao Chen; Yongfang Lai; Chuanxiao Pang

    2014-01-01

    Integrating the sensing capabilities of wireless sensor network (WSN) into the traditional telecom network is an important stage to realize future ubiquitous intelligence in the Internet of Things. Driven by the vision of service oriented architecture (SOA), this paper proposed a carrier class Internet of Things (IoT) service architecture named as MUSE. MUSE integrates WSN with IMS OSE framework to enable the WSN services to be operable and manageable. Also sensor web enablement (SWE) framewo...

  13. Research on Service Selection- Oriented Web Service Architecture Based on Agent%基于Agent的面向服务选择的Web Service架构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许作萍; 王红

    2006-01-01

    为了更灵活有效地发现Web Service中最合适的服务,文中在阐述了Web Service的核心概念和Agent技术的主要优点基础上,提出了一个基于Agent技术的面向服务选择的Web Service框架,强调应根据QoS选择Web Service,同时给出了一个服务质量评估算法,用户根据此算法可以获得更高质量的、更理想的Web Service.

  14. Enviro-Net: From Networks of Ground-Based Sensor Systems to a Web Platform for Sensor Data Management

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, Mario A.; G. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa; Pastorello, Gilberto Z.

    2011-01-01

    Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few ...

  15. LIDeA: A Distributed Lightweight Intrusion Detection Architecture for Sensor Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giannetsos, Athanasios; Krontiris, Ioannis; Dimitriou, Tassos

    2008-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to adversaries as they are frequently deployed in open and unattended environments. Preventive mechanisms can be applied to protect them from an assortment of attacks. However, more sophisticated methods, like intrusion detection systems, are needed...

  16. A DVP-Based Bridge Architecture to Randomly Access Pixels of High-Speed Image Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Khan TareqHasan; Wahid KhanA

    2011-01-01

    A design of a novel bridge is proposed to interface digital-video-port (DVP) compatible image sensors with popular microcontrollers. Most commercially available CMOS image sensors send image data at high speed and in a row-by-row fashion. On the other hand, commercial microcontrollers run at relatively slower speed, and many embedded system applications need random access of pixel values. Moreover, commercial microcontrollers may not have sufficient internal memory to store a complete image ...

  17. System Architecture of HatterHealthConnect: An Integration of Body Sensor Networks and Social Networks to Improve Health Awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala ElAarag

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, the demand for efficient healthcare monitoring has increased and forced the healthand wellness industry to embrace modern technological advances. Body Sensor Networks, or BSNs, canremotely collect users data and upload vital statistics to servers over the Internet. Advances in wirelesstechnologies such as cellular devices and Bluetooth increase the mobility users experience while wearing abody sensor network. When connected by the proper framework, BSNs can efficiently monitor and recorddata while minimizing the energy expenditure of nodes in the BSN. Social networking sites play a large rolein the aggregation and sharing of data between many users. Connecting a BSN to a social network createsthe unique ability to share health related data with other users through social interaction. In this research,we present an integration of BSNs and social networks to establish a community promoting well being andgreat social awareness. We present the system architecture; both hardware and software, of a prototypeimplementation using Zephyr HxM heart monitor, Intel-Shimmer EMG senor and a Samsung Captivatesmart phone. We provide implementation details for the design on the base station, the database server andthe Facebook application. We illustrate how the Android application was designed with both functionalityand user perspective in mind that resulted in an easy to use system. This prototype can be used in multiplehealth related applications based on the type of sensors used.

  18. A sensor architecture for real-time, in situ measurement of overlake evaporation on the Laurentian Great Lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerkez, B.; Fries, K. J.; Gronewold, A.; Lenters, J. D.

    2014-12-01

    While overlake evaporation is a major component of the Great Lakes' water balance, our scientific understanding of the climatic drivers of evaporation and its effects on water levels is significantly impeded by limited data. Existing measurement methods, such as eddy covariance, are not easily implemented in offshore applications. As such, there are only a handful of sites making direct, overlake measurements of evaporation on the entire Great Lakes, where the lake surface area comprises nearly one third of the entire basin. Long-term forecasts of water levels are thus very uncertain, particularly relating to climatic forcing, which is known to be a major driver of evaporation. We present a novel sensor architecture which is deployed on buoys, both tethered and drifting, to provide real-time measurements of overlake evaporation across the Great Lakes. Our system is comprised of a hierarchy of low-power, cost-effective sensor nodes, which carry out on-board computations to estimate evaporation in real-time. An ultra-low power microcontroller samples a suite of sensors to compute evaporation based on the Bowen ratio energy budget approach. The readings are then transmitted via satellite modules to a cloud-based server infrastructure for real-time updated scientific analysis and forecasting. Initial assessment of our new satellite drifter platform indicates robust field performance, validating its use in ongoing efforts to deploy a large-scale evaporation observation network across the Great Lakes basin.

  19. Designing an architectural style for dynamic medical Cross-Organizational Workflow management system: an approach based on agents and web services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouzguenda, Lotfi; Turki, Manel

    2014-04-01

    This paper shows how the combined use of agent and web services technologies can help to design an architectural style for dynamic medical Cross-Organizational Workflow (COW) management system. Medical COW aims at supporting the collaboration between several autonomous and possibly heterogeneous medical processes, distributed over different organizations (Hospitals, Clinic or laboratories). Dynamic medical COW refers to occasional cooperation between these health organizations, free of structural constraints, where the medical partners involved and their number are not pre-defined. More precisely, this paper proposes a new architecture style based on agents and web services technologies to deal with two key coordination issues of dynamic COW: medical partners finding and negotiation between them. It also proposes how the proposed architecture for dynamic medical COW management system can connect to a multi-agent system coupling the Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE). The idea is to assist the health professionals such as doctors, nurses and pharmacists with decision making tasks, as determining diagnosis or patient data analysis without stopping their clinical processes in order to act in a coherent way and to give care to the patient.

  20. 基于Web Service的面向服务架构(SOA)的研究%Study on Service Oriented Architecture Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培松; 刘觉夫

    2007-01-01

    介绍了Web Service的关键技术,分析了面向服务的体系结构和特点.提出了一种基于Web Service的面向服务架构的实现方案,并结合实例对企业应用集成的过程进行了探讨.

  1. Desarrollo de un servidor web con Arduino para monitorización y control de sensores y actuadores

    OpenAIRE

    González Vidal, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo que se presenta en la memoria de este proyecto fin de carrera se adentra en la implementación de un servidor web sobre Arduino el cual es capaz de controlar sensores y actuadores conectados a la plataforma Arduino. A lo largo de esta memoria se describirán los distintos protocolos y estándares que han sido tenidos en cuenta a la hora de su realización. Se continuara introduciendo una pequeñas nociones al lenguaje específico de Arduino, para después hacer una descripción del hard...

  2. Web Services Technology Infrastructure

    OpenAIRE

    Gray, Geraldine; O’Connor, Kieran

    2015-01-01

    Web Services using eXtensible Markup Language (XML) based standards are becoming the new archetype for enabling business to business collaborations. This paper describes the conceptual architecture and semantics of constructing and consuming Web Services. It describes how Web Services fit into the enterprise application environment. It discusses Web Services security. Finally, it outlines the flaws of Web Services in their current state.

  3. Architecture of optical sensor for recognition of multiple toxic metal ions from water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenashen, M A; El-Safty, S A; Elshehy, E A

    2013-09-15

    Here, we designed novel optical sensor based on the wormhole hexagonal mesoporous core/multi-shell silica nanoparticles that enabled the selective recognition and removal of these extremely toxic metals from drinking water. The surface-coating process of a mesoporous core/double-shell silica platforms by several consequence decorations using a cationic surfactant with double alkyl tails (CS-DAT) and then a synthesized dicarboxylate 1,5-diphenyl-3-thiocarbazone (III) signaling probe enabled us to create a unique hierarchical multi-shell sensor. In this design, the high loading capacity and wrapping of the CS-DAT and III organic moieties could be achieved, leading to the formation of silica core with multi-shells that formed from double-silica, CS-DAT, and III dressing layers. In this sensing system, notable changes in color and reflectance intensity of the multi-shelled sensor for Cu(2+), Co(2+), Cd(2+), and Hg(2+) ions, were observed at pH 2, 8, 9.5 and 11.5, respectively. The multi-shelled sensor is added to enable accessibility for continuous monitoring of several different toxic metal ions and efficient multi-ion sensing and removal capabilities with respect to reversibility, selectivity, and signal stability. PMID:23856314

  4. Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishnuvardhan Mannava

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP, we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation of Visitor and Case-Based Reasoning Design Patterns to the development of the Service Invocation and Web Services Composition through SOA with the help of JWS technologies and FOP. As far as we know, there are no studies on composition of design patterns for self adaptive distributed computing domain. We have provided with the sample code developed for the application and simple UML class diagram is used to describe the architecture.

  5. Research on Designing Service-oriented Architecture Frame Using WebSphere Platform%使用WebSphere 平台设计面向服务体系结构框架的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林桂花

    2006-01-01

    面向服务的体系结构(Service-Oriented Architecture,SOA)因其固有的松散耦合与互操作性,成为许多企业应用的自然选择.本文介绍如何使用WebSphere平台提供的Web服务开发工具及J2EE 1.4提供的Web服务功能构建能够访问现有业务流程的SOA系统.

  6. Teaching the Geoweb: Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Wireless Sensor Networks, Web Mapping, and Geospatial Data Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abernathy, David

    2011-01-01

    This article addresses an effort to incorporate wireless sensor networks and the emerging tools of the Geoweb into undergraduate teaching and research at a small liberal arts college. The primary goal of the research was to identify the hardware, software, and skill sets needed to deploy a local sensor network, collect data, and transmit that data…

  7. Design and implementation of PAVEMON: A GIS web-based pavement monitoring system based on large amounts of heterogeneous sensors data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahini Shamsabadi, Salar

    A web-based PAVEment MONitoring system, PAVEMON, is a GIS oriented platform for accommodating, representing, and leveraging data from a multi-modal mobile sensor system. Stated sensor system consists of acoustic, optical, electromagnetic, and GPS sensors and is capable of producing as much as 1 Terabyte of data per day. Multi-channel raw sensor data (microphone, accelerometer, tire pressure sensor, video) and processed results (road profile, crack density, international roughness index, micro texture depth, etc.) are outputs of this sensor system. By correlating the sensor measurements and positioning data collected in tight time synchronization, PAVEMON attaches a spatial component to all the datasets. These spatially indexed outputs are placed into an Oracle database which integrates seamlessly with PAVEMON's web-based system. The web-based system of PAVEMON consists of two major modules: 1) a GIS module for visualizing and spatial analysis of pavement condition information layers, and 2) a decision-support module for managing maintenance and repair (Mℝ) activities and predicting future budget needs. PAVEMON weaves together sensor data with third-party climate and traffic information from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Long Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) databases for an organized data driven approach to conduct pavement management activities. PAVEMON deals with heterogeneous and redundant observations by fusing them for jointly-derived higher-confidence results. A prominent example of the fusion algorithms developed within PAVEMON is a data fusion algorithm used for estimating the overall pavement conditions in terms of ASTM's Pavement Condition Index (PCI). PAVEMON predicts PCI by undertaking a statistical fusion approach and selecting a subset of all the sensor measurements. Other fusion algorithms include noise-removal algorithms to remove false negatives in the sensor data in addition to fusion algorithms developed for

  8. An Architecture for Measuring Joint Angles Using a Long Period Fiber Grating-Based Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Perez-Ramirez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of signal filters in a real-time form requires a tradeoff between computation resources and the system performance. Therefore, taking advantage of low lag response and the reduced consumption of resources, in this article, the Recursive Least Square (RLS algorithm is used to filter a signal acquired from a fiber-optics-based sensor. In particular, a Long-Period Fiber Grating (LPFG sensor is used to measure the bending movement of a finger. After that, the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM technique allows us to classify the corresponding finger position along the motion range. For these measures to help in the development of an autonomous robotic hand, the proposed technique can be straightforwardly implemented on real time platforms such as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA or Digital Signal Processors (DSP. Different angle measurements of the finger’s motion are carried out by the prototype and a detailed analysis of the system performance is presented.

  9. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Mukesh, Rajeswari; Bharathi, V Subbiah

    2009-01-01

    Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity. Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is bei...

  10. An Architecture for Measuring Joint Angles Using a Long Period Fiber Grating-Based Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Ramirez, Carlos A.; Almanza-Ojeda, Dora L.; Guerrero-Tavares, Jesus N.; Mendoza-Galindo, Francisco J.; Estudillo-Ayala, Julian M.; Ibarra-Manzano, Mario A.

    2014-01-01

    The implementation of signal filters in a real-time form requires a tradeoff between computation resources and the system performance. Therefore, taking advantage of low lag response and the reduced consumption of resources, in this article, the Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithm is used to filter a signal acquired from a fiber-optics-based sensor. In particular, a Long-Period Fiber Grating (LPFG) sensor is used to measure the bending movement of a finger. After that, the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) technique allows us to classify the corresponding finger position along the motion range. For these measures to help in the development of an autonomous robotic hand, the proposed technique can be straightforwardly implemented on real time platforms such as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) or Digital Signal Processors (DSP). Different angle measurements of the finger's motion are carried out by the prototype and a detailed analysis of the system performance is presented. PMID:25536002

  11. A QoS-Driven Self-Adaptive Architecture For Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Jemal, Ahmed; Ben Halima, Riadh

    2013-01-01

    6 pages International audience Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have become increasingly used to perform distributed sensing and convey useful information. These kinds of environments are complex, heterogeneous and often affected by unpredictable behavior and poor management. This fostered considerable research on designs and techniques that enhance these systems with an adaptation behavior. In this paper, we focus on the self-adaptation branch of the research and give an overvi...

  12. A Study of Wireless Sensor Networks for Urban Traffic Monitoring: Applications and Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Kafi, Mohamed Amine; Challal, Yacine; Djenouri, Djamel; Doudou, Messaoud; Bouabdallah, Abdelmadjid; Badache, Nadjib

    2013-01-01

    International audience With the constant increasing of Vehicular traffic around the world, especially in urban areas, existing traffic management solutions become inefficient. This can be clearly seen in our life through persistent traffic jam and rising number of accidents. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) based intelligent transportation systems (ITS) have emerged as a cost effective technology that bear a pivotal potential to overcome these difficulties. This technology enables a new broa...

  13. Multi-Sensor As-Built Models of Complex Industrial Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-François Hullo; Guillaume Thibault; Christian Boucheny; Fabien Dory; Arnaud Mas

    2015-01-01

    In the context of increased maintenance operations and generational renewal work, a nuclear owner and operator, like Electricité de France (EDF), is invested in the scaling-up of tools and methods of “as-built virtual reality” for whole buildings and large audiences. In this paper, we first present the state of the art of scanning tools and methods used to represent a very complex architecture. Then, we propose a methodology and assess it in a large experiment carried out on the most complex ...

  14. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeswari Mukesh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN, a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity.Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is being transmitted from the sensor node to the sink device. This is achieved by authenticating the data using patients biometric , encrypting the data using Quasi Group cryptography after compressing the image data using an energy efficient number theory based technique.

  15. A DVP-Based Bridge Architecture to Randomly Access Pixels of High-Speed Image Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan TareqHasan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A design of a novel bridge is proposed to interface digital-video-port (DVP compatible image sensors with popular microcontrollers. Most commercially available CMOS image sensors send image data at high speed and in a row-by-row fashion. On the other hand, commercial microcontrollers run at relatively slower speed, and many embedded system applications need random access of pixel values. Moreover, commercial microcontrollers may not have sufficient internal memory to store a complete image of high resolution. The proposed bridge addresses these problems and provides an easy-to-use and compact way to interface image sensors with microcontrollers. The proposed design is verified in FPGA and later implemented using CMOS 0.18 um Artisan library cells. The design costs 4,735 gates and 0.12 mm2 silicon area. The synthesis results show that the bridge can support a data rate up to 254 megasamples/sec. Its applications may include pattern recognition, robotic vision, tracking system, and medical imaging.

  16. Multi-Sensor As-Built Models of Complex Industrial Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Hullo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of increased maintenance operations and generational renewal work, a nuclear owner and operator, like Electricité de France (EDF, is invested in the scaling-up of tools and methods of “as-built virtual reality” for whole buildings and large audiences. In this paper, we first present the state of the art of scanning tools and methods used to represent a very complex architecture. Then, we propose a methodology and assess it in a large experiment carried out on the most complex building of a 1300-megawatt power plant, an 11-floor reactor building. We also present several developments that made possible the acquisition, processing and georeferencing of multiple data sources (1000+ 3D laser scans and RGB panoramic, total-station surveying, 2D floor plans and the 3D reconstruction of CAD as-built models. In addition, we introduce new concepts for user interaction with complex architecture, elaborated during the development of an application that allows a painless exploration of the whole dataset by professionals, unfamiliar with such data types. Finally, we discuss the main feedback items from this large experiment, the remaining issues for the generalization of such large-scale surveys and the future technical and scientific challenges in the field of industrial “virtual reality”.

  17. An Agent Based Architecture (Using Planning) for Dynamic and Semantic Web Services Composition in an EBXML Context

    CERN Document Server

    Ouassila, Hioual; 10.5121/ijdms

    2011-01-01

    The process-based semantic composition of Web Services is gaining a considerable momentum as an approach for the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous applications. To compose Web Services semantically, we need an ontology. There are several ways of inserting semantics in Web Services. One of them consists of using description languages like OWL-S. In this paper, we introduce our work which consists in the proposition of a new model and the use of semantic matching technology for semantic and dynamic composition of ebXML business processes.

  18. Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Rex T

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap" offers the ability to describe data and services in a semantically meaningful way. We report how three major information resources (Gramene, SoyBase and the Legume Information System [LIS] used SSWAP to semantically describe selected data and web services. Methods We selected high-priority Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL, genomic mapping, trait, phenotypic, and sequence data and associated services such as BLAST for publication, data retrieval, and service invocation via semantic web services. Data and services were mapped to concepts and categories as implemented in legacy and de novo community ontologies. We used SSWAP to express these offerings in OWL Web Ontology Language (OWL, Resource Description Framework (RDF and eXtensible Markup Language (XML documents, which are appropriate for their semantic discovery and retrieval. We implemented SSWAP services to respond to web queries and return data. These services are registered with the SSWAP Discovery Server and are available for semantic discovery at http://sswap.info. Results A total of ten services delivering QTL information from Gramene were created. From SoyBase, we created six services delivering information about soybean QTLs, and seven services delivering genetic locus information. For LIS we constructed three services, two of which allow the retrieval of DNA and RNA FASTA sequences with the third service providing nucleic acid sequence comparison capability (BLAST. Conclusions The need for semantic integration technologies has preceded

  19. Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP) for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap") offers the ability to describe data and services in a semantically meaningful way. We report how three major information resources (Gramene, SoyBase and the Legume Information System [LIS]) used SSWAP to semantically describe selected data and web services. Methods We selected high-priority Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL), genomic mapping, trait, phenotypic, and sequence data and associated services such as BLAST for publication, data retrieval, and service invocation via semantic web services. Data and services were mapped to concepts and categories as implemented in legacy and de novo community ontologies. We used SSWAP to express these offerings in OWL Web Ontology Language (OWL), Resource Description Framework (RDF) and eXtensible Markup Language (XML) documents, which are appropriate for their semantic discovery and retrieval. We implemented SSWAP services to respond to web queries and return data. These services are registered with the SSWAP Discovery Server and are available for semantic discovery at http://sswap.info. Results A total of ten services delivering QTL information from Gramene were created. From SoyBase, we created six services delivering information about soybean QTLs, and seven services delivering genetic locus information. For LIS we constructed three services, two of which allow the retrieval of DNA and RNA FASTA sequences with the third service providing nucleic acid sequence comparison capability (BLAST). Conclusions The need for semantic integration technologies has preceded available solutions. We

  20. A Development Architecture for Serious Games Using BCI (Brain Computer Interface Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyhyun Um

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Games that use brainwaves via brain–computer interface (BCI devices, to improve brain functions are known as BCI serious games. Due to the difficulty of developing BCI serious games, various BCI engines and authoring tools are required, and these reduce the development time and cost. However, it is desirable to reduce the amount of technical knowledge of brain functions and BCI devices needed by game developers. Moreover, a systematic BCI serious game development process is required. In this paper, we present a methodology for the development of BCI serious games. We describe an architecture, authoring tools, and development process of the proposed methodology, and apply it to a game development approach for patients with mild cognitive impairment as an example. This application demonstrates that BCI serious games can be developed on the basis of expert-verified theories.

  1. A development architecture for serious games using BCI (brain computer interface) sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Yunsick; Cho, Kyungeun; Um, Kyhyun

    2012-11-12

    Games that use brainwaves via brain-computer interface (BCI) devices, to improve brain functions are known as BCI serious games. Due to the difficulty of developing BCI serious games, various BCI engines and authoring tools are required, and these reduce the development time and cost. However, it is desirable to reduce the amount of technical knowledge of brain functions and BCI devices needed by game developers. Moreover, a systematic BCI serious game development process is required. In this paper, we present a methodology for the development of BCI serious games. We describe an architecture, authoring tools, and development process of the proposed methodology, and apply it to a game development approach for patients with mild cognitive impairment as an example. This application demonstrates that BCI serious games can be developed on the basis of expert-verified theories.

  2. A New Cellular Architecture for Information Retrieval from Sensor Networks through Embedded Service and Security Protocols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, Aamir; Landry, René; Lee, Malrey; Xiong, Naixue; Lee, Jongho; Lee, Changhoon

    2016-06-14

    Substantial changes have occurred in the Information Technology (IT) sectors and with these changes, the demand for remote access to field sensor information has increased. This allows visualization, monitoring, and control through various electronic devices, such as laptops, tablets, i-Pads, PCs, and cellular phones. The smart phone is considered as a more reliable, faster and efficient device to access and monitor industrial systems and their corresponding information interfaces anywhere and anytime. This study describes the deployment of a protocol whereby industrial system information can be securely accessed by cellular phones via a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) server. To achieve the study goals, proprietary protocol interconnectivity with non-proprietary protocols and the usage of interconnectivity services are considered in detail. They support the visualization of the SCADA system information, and the related operations through smart phones. The intelligent sensors are configured and designated to process real information via cellular phones by employing information exchange services between the proprietary protocol and non-proprietary protocols. SCADA cellular access raises the issue of security flaws. For these challenges, a cryptography-based security method is considered and deployed, and it could be considered as a part of a proprietary protocol. Subsequently, transmission flows from the smart phones through a cellular network.

  3. A New Cellular Architecture for Information Retrieval from Sensor Networks through Embedded Service and Security Protocols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aamir Shahzad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Substantial changes have occurred in the Information Technology (IT sectors and with these changes, the demand for remote access to field sensor information has increased. This allows visualization, monitoring, and control through various electronic devices, such as laptops, tablets, i-Pads, PCs, and cellular phones. The smart phone is considered as a more reliable, faster and efficient device to access and monitor industrial systems and their corresponding information interfaces anywhere and anytime. This study describes the deployment of a protocol whereby industrial system information can be securely accessed by cellular phones via a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA server. To achieve the study goals, proprietary protocol interconnectivity with non-proprietary protocols and the usage of interconnectivity services are considered in detail. They support the visualization of the SCADA system information, and the related operations through smart phones. The intelligent sensors are configured and designated to process real information via cellular phones by employing information exchange services between the proprietary protocol and non-proprietary protocols. SCADA cellular access raises the issue of security flaws. For these challenges, a cryptography-based security method is considered and deployed, and it could be considered as a part of a proprietary protocol. Subsequently, transmission flows from the smart phones through a cellular network.

  4. A New Cellular Architecture for Information Retrieval from Sensor Networks through Embedded Service and Security Protocols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, Aamir; Landry, René; Lee, Malrey; Xiong, Naixue; Lee, Jongho; Lee, Changhoon

    2016-01-01

    Substantial changes have occurred in the Information Technology (IT) sectors and with these changes, the demand for remote access to field sensor information has increased. This allows visualization, monitoring, and control through various electronic devices, such as laptops, tablets, i-Pads, PCs, and cellular phones. The smart phone is considered as a more reliable, faster and efficient device to access and monitor industrial systems and their corresponding information interfaces anywhere and anytime. This study describes the deployment of a protocol whereby industrial system information can be securely accessed by cellular phones via a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) server. To achieve the study goals, proprietary protocol interconnectivity with non-proprietary protocols and the usage of interconnectivity services are considered in detail. They support the visualization of the SCADA system information, and the related operations through smart phones. The intelligent sensors are configured and designated to process real information via cellular phones by employing information exchange services between the proprietary protocol and non-proprietary protocols. SCADA cellular access raises the issue of security flaws. For these challenges, a cryptography-based security method is considered and deployed, and it could be considered as a part of a proprietary protocol. Subsequently, transmission flows from the smart phones through a cellular network. PMID:27314351

  5. A New Cellular Architecture for Information Retrieval from Sensor Networks through Embedded Service and Security Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, Aamir; Landry, René; Lee, Malrey; Xiong, Naixue; Lee, Jongho; Lee, Changhoon

    2016-01-01

    Substantial changes have occurred in the Information Technology (IT) sectors and with these changes, the demand for remote access to field sensor information has increased. This allows visualization, monitoring, and control through various electronic devices, such as laptops, tablets, i-Pads, PCs, and cellular phones. The smart phone is considered as a more reliable, faster and efficient device to access and monitor industrial systems and their corresponding information interfaces anywhere and anytime. This study describes the deployment of a protocol whereby industrial system information can be securely accessed by cellular phones via a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) server. To achieve the study goals, proprietary protocol interconnectivity with non-proprietary protocols and the usage of interconnectivity services are considered in detail. They support the visualization of the SCADA system information, and the related operations through smart phones. The intelligent sensors are configured and designated to process real information via cellular phones by employing information exchange services between the proprietary protocol and non-proprietary protocols. SCADA cellular access raises the issue of security flaws. For these challenges, a cryptography-based security method is considered and deployed, and it could be considered as a part of a proprietary protocol. Subsequently, transmission flows from the smart phones through a cellular network. PMID:27314351

  6. The Architecture of College Website Based on WEB Services and CELTS%基于WEB Services和CELTS的高校网站架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜久雷

    2009-01-01

    CELTS是我国制定的现代远程教育标准体系;Web Services技术能够完全屏蔽了不同软件平台的差异,可以较好的解决信息孤岛问题.本文分析了CELTS和WEB服务的相互关系,提出了一个综合应用CELTS和WEB服务技术的高校网站开发的体系架构,并给出了web服务调用的设计方案.

  7. Semantics, Sensors, and the Social Web: The Live Social Semantics Experiments

    OpenAIRE

    Szomszor, Martin; Cattuto, Ciro; Van Den Broeck, Wouter; Barrat, Alain; Alani, Harith

    2010-01-01

    International audience The Live Social Semantics is an innovative application that encourages and guides social networking between researchers at conferences and similar events. The application integrates data from the Semantic Web, online social networks, and a face-to-face contact sensing platform. It helps researchers to find like-minded and influential researchers, to identify and meet people in their community of practice, and to capture and later retrace their real-world networking a...

  8. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Mora, Higinio; Gilart-Iglesias, Virgilio; Gil, David; Sirvent-Llamas, Alejandro

    2015-06-10

    Information Technology and Communications (ICT) is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal.

  9. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Higinio Mora-Mora

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology and Communications (ICT is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal.

  10. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Mora, Higinio; Gilart-Iglesias, Virgilio; Gil, David; Sirvent-Llamas, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Information Technology and Communications (ICT) is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal. PMID:26067195

  11. Network Architecture and Performance Analysis of MULTI-OLT PON for FTTH and Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masanori Hanawa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An integrated fiber-to-the-homes (FTTHs and wireless sensor network (WSN provides a cost-effective solution to build up an immaculate ubiquitous-City (U-city. The key objectives of effective convergence of FTTH and WSN are less computational complexity for data packet processing, low installation cost, and good quality of services. In this paper, we introduce an integrated network structure of multi-optical line terminal (multi-OLT passive optical network (PON which can accommodate multiple service providers in a single PON. A modified version of interleaved polling algorithm is proposed for scheduling of control messages from multiple OLTs in a single network. We also provide detailed numerical analysis of cycle time variation, successive grant scheduling time, and average packet delay for both uniform and non-uniform traffic loads generated by each ONU, using fixed service bandwidth allocation scheme and limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. We also compare the throughput of the proposed scheme with existing single-OLT PON for non-uniform traffic load using limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed multi-OLT PON system can supports existing bandwidth allocation schemes with better performance than the single-OLT PON in terms of average packet delay, bandwidth utilization, and throughput.

  12. Concepts and Development of Bio-Inspired Distributed Embedded Wired/Wireless Sensor Array Architectures for Acoustic Wave Sensing in Integrated Aerospace Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoshal, Anindya; Prosser, William H.; Kirikera, Goutham; Schulz, Mark J.; Hughes, Derke J.; Orisamolu, Wally

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the modeling of acoustic emissions in plate structures and their sensing by embedded or surface bonded piezoelectric sensor arrays. Three different modeling efforts for acoustic emission (AE) wave generation and propagation are discussed briefly along with their advantages and disadvantages. Continuous sensors placed at right angles on a plate are being discussed as a new approach to measure and locate the source of acoustic waves. Evolutionary novel signal processing algorithms and bio-inspired distributed sensor array systems are used on large structures and integrated aerospace vehicles for AE source localization and preliminary results are presented. These systems allow for a great reduction in the amount of data that needs to be processed and also reduce the chances of false alarms from ambient noises. It is envisioned that these biomimetic sensor arrays and signal processing techniques will be useful for both wireless and wired sensor arrays for real time health monitoring of large integrated aerospace vehicles and earth fixed civil structures. The sensor array architectures can also be used with other types of sensors and for other applications.

  13. Web Services based Virtual Antique Museum Architecture%基于Web Services的虚拟文物博物馆架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍泓; 刘宏哲

    2005-01-01

    分布于各处的数字博物馆异构特性使它们之间难以互通互联,这使数字博物馆的优越性难以充分发挥.Web Services将集成技术延伸到了web上,是目前集成异构平台的理想实现技术.基于本体(Ontology)的数据表示模型为更好的进行语义检索提供了基础.探讨和设计将以上技术用于构建网上虚拟文物博物馆, 给出采用这种架构设计的系统的性能测试结果与比较评价.

  14. Service Level Agreement Monitor System Architecture Based on Web Services%基于Web Services的SLA监测系统体系结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张奕奎; 邱雪松; 孟洛明

    2008-01-01

    为解决现有SLA监测系统存在的不足,提出了基于Web Services的SLA监测系统体系结构,描述了该体系结构中相关服务的功能和SLA监测流程.为规范化不同层次SLA参数的映射,提出了通用的SLA参数映射模型.原型系统的实现验证了该体系结构能够满足下一代互联网环境下的多业务的监测需求.

  15. Research on Product Evaluation and Test Method of Web Service Architecture%Web服务架构产品评估与测试方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马力

    2015-01-01

    Using the successful experience of SOA in the field of civil and American forces, based on the domestic indepen?dent intellectual property products and open source products. In this paper, we describe the standard, security and easy management of the SOA product evaluation, and the evaluation and test method of the Web service architecture product.%借鉴民用领域和美军实施SOA的成功经验,立足国产自主知识产权产品和开源产品实现.该文详细描述SOA产品评估的规范性、安全性和易管理性及Web服务架构产品的评估和测试方法.

  16. 基于分布式对等架构的Web应用防火墙%Web Application Firewall Based on Distributed P2P Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚琳琳; 何倩; 王勇; 赵帮

    2012-01-01

    In order to make up the insignificance of Web Application Firewall(WAF) with single node in detection efficiency and stability, a WAF based on distributed and P2P architecture is designed and implemented by using reverse proxy technology. Reverse proxy technology is used to response the Web request. Aiming to implementing P2P architecture, the same program is run on each node. Master and auxiliary nodes are determined dynamically by demands. The master node has the characteristics of session keeping and load balance, and auxiliary nodes detect messages by expert library and plug-in components. Experimental results show that the system can effectively prevent attacks from application layer, and it is more efficient and stable than single node.%为弥补单节点Web应用防火墙(WAF)在检测效率和稳定性方面的不足,采用反向代理技术,设计并实现一个基于分布式对等架构的WAF.通过反向代理响应客户端请求,各个节点运行相同的程序以实现对等架构,主节点与辅助节点可根据需求动态调整,主节点具有会话保持和负载均衡功能,辅助节点采用专家库和插件协同检测报文.实验结果表明,该应用防火墙能够有效阻止应用层攻击,相比单节点响应更加迅速和稳定.

  17. Development of a real-time clinical decision support system upon the web mvc-based architecture for prostate cancer treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Wen-Miin

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A real-time clinical decision support system (RTCDSS with interactive diagrams enables clinicians to instantly and efficiently track patients' clinical records (PCRs and improve their quality of clinical care. We propose a RTCDSS to process online clinical informatics from multiple databases for clinical decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer based on Web Model-View-Controller (MVC architecture, by which the system can easily be adapted to different diseases and applications. Methods We designed a framework upon the Web MVC-based architecture in which the reusable and extractable models can be conveniently adapted to other hospital information systems and which allows for efficient database integration. Then, we determined the clinical variables of the prostate cancer treatment based on participating clinicians' opinions and developed a computational model to determine the pretreatment parameters. Furthermore, the components of the RTCDSS integrated PCRs and decision factors for real-time analysis to provide evidence-based diagrams upon the clinician-oriented interface for visualization of treatment guidance and health risk assessment. Results The resulting system can improve quality of clinical treatment by allowing clinicians to concurrently analyze and evaluate the clinical markers of prostate cancer patients with instantaneous clinical data and evidence-based diagrams which can automatically identify pretreatment parameters. Moreover, the proposed RTCDSS can aid interactions between patients and clinicians. Conclusions Our proposed framework supports online clinical informatics, evaluates treatment risks, offers interactive guidance, and provides real-time reference for decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer. The developed clinician-oriented interface can assist clinicians in conveniently presenting evidence-based information to patients and can be readily adapted to an existing hospital

  18. Personalized Web Services for Web Information Extraction

    CERN Document Server

    Jarir, Zahi; Erradi, Mahammed

    2011-01-01

    The field of information extraction from the Web emerged with the growth of the Web and the multiplication of online data sources. This paper is an analysis of information extraction methods. It presents a service oriented approach for web information extraction considering both web data management and extraction services. Then we propose an SOA based architecture to enhance flexibility and on-the-fly modification of web extraction services. An implementation of the proposed architecture is proposed on the middleware level of Java Enterprise Edition (JEE) servers.

  19. A generic, web-based clinical information system architecture using HL7 CDA: successful implementation in dermatological routine care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuler, Thilo; Boeker, Martin; Klar, Rüdiger; Müller, Marcel

    2007-01-01

    The requirements of highly specialized clinical domains are often underrepresented in hospital information systems (HIS). Common consequences are that documentation remains to be paper-based or external systems with insufficient HIS integration are used. This paper presents a solution to overcome this deficiency in the form of a generic framework based on the HL7 Clinical Document Architecture. The central architectural idea is the definition of customized forms using a schema-controlled XML language. These flexible form definitions drive the user interface, the data storage, and standardized data exchange. A successful proof-of-concept application in a dermatologic outpatient wound care department has been implemented, and is well accepted by the clinicians. Our work with HL7 CDA revealed the need for further practical research in the health information standards realm. PMID:17911755

  20. Web 2.0 systems supporting childhood chronic disease management: A pattern language representation of a general architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Ekberg Joakim; Ludvigsson Johnny; Eriksson Henrik; Timpka Toomas; Nordfeldt Sam; Hanberger Lena

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Chronic disease management is a global health concern. By the time they reach adolescence, 10–15% of all children live with a chronic disease. The role of educational interventions in facilitating adaptation to chronic disease is receiving growing recognition, and current care policies advocate greater involvement of patients in self-care. Web 2.0 is an umbrella term for new collaborative Internet services characterized by user participation in developing and managing cont...

  1. Software Architecture-based Approach to Self-adaption of Web Applications%基于软件体系结构的Web应用自适应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭卿; 曹春; 马晓星

    2011-01-01

    With the fast development of Internet, a large number of Web applications emerged these years. But the traditional manual ways to configure and maintain those application systems are insufficient with the frequent changes of the environment and requirements. In this paper a software architecture-based approach is introduced to build self-adaptive Web applications. In addition to a systematic framework for self-adaptation, the approach is featured by its non-intrusiveness and the recoverability of self-adaptation-related module. A prototypical system is also developed to illustrate the approach and its effectiveness.%随着互联网的迅速发展,Internet上的Web应用大量涌现.然而传统主要依靠管理人员人工配置和维护系统的方式由于不断变化的环境和需求而显得有所不足.本文在相关工作的基础上,提出一种基于软件体系结构构建自适应Web系统的技术方案,该方案具有非侵入式设计和自适应相关组件具有可恢复能力的特点.同时,本文也实现了一个自适应系统原型来说明这个方案及其效果.

  2. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and Sensor Web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged N

    2011-12-21

    Abstract \\'Wikification of GIS by the masses\\' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild\\'s term \\'Volunteered Geographic Information\\'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced \\'Wikipedias of the Earth\\' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and \\'human-in-the-loop sensing\\' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis\\/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

  3. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and sensor web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamel Boulos Maged N

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract 'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011, OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust, the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS, as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

  4. Community in the information age: Exploring the social potential of web-based technologies in landscape architecture and community design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Ruggeri

    2016-03-01

    The 2012 community design process for Hawthorne Park in Medford, Oregon illustrates many of the challenges and opportunities connected to the use of new technologies in design. In the process, technologies were instrumental in enlisting a larger-than-usual number of residents to participate in the design of the park. Blogs and online questionnaires were successful in gathering people׳s thoughts on the design choices being made, but also favored a limited, intermittent form of engagement. The results are synthesized in principles for the successful integration of web-based technologies in future community design efforts: adaptability, full participation, nuanced participation and the need for links to the physical realm.

  5. Web服务防火墙的设计与实现%Architecture and implemention of web services firewall

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜学雄; 王清贤

    2009-01-01

    为弥补传统防火墙对Web服务防护能力的不足,设计了Web务防火墙-ws-Firewall,其主要功能是Web 服务攻击检测拦截和提供Web服务的访问控制机制.通过应用XML模式匹配方法,提高了Web服务攻击检测的能力,实现了基于属性的访问控制机制,更适合Web服务的跨域应用场合.

  6. Digital Earth Watch (DEW): How Mobile Apps Are Paving The Way Towards A Federated Web-Services Architecture For Citizen Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrera, F.; Schloss, A. L.; Guerin, S.; Beaudry, J.; Pickle, J.

    2011-12-01

    interacts with the UNH server via APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) that were created to allow bi-directional machine-to-machine interaction between the mobile device and the web site. Thus, the principal functions that a user can perform on the web site, such as finding post sites on a map and viewing and adding picture sets, are available on the smartphone. The development of the APIs makes it now possible not only to communicate with our own mobile app, but, more importantly, it opens the door for other computer systems to directly interact with our server. Our ongoing discussions with the National Phenology Network and Project Budburst, have highlighted the potential (and perhaps the need) for the creation of a distributed web-service architecture whereby each national program exposes its key functionalities not only to their own mobile phone apps, but also to other organizations, in a federated system of servers, all supporting citizen-based digital earth watch programs.

  7. Web-Based Course Management and Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Chittaranjan; Sinha, Vijay Luxmi; Reade, Christopher M. P.

    2004-01-01

    The architecture of a web-based course management tool that has been developed at IIT [Indian Institute of Technology], Kharagpur and which manages the submission of assignments is discussed. Both the distributed architecture used for data storage and the client-server architecture supporting the web interface are described. Further developments…

  8. Sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Pigorsch, Enrico

    1997-01-01

    This is the 5th edition of the Metra Martech Directory "EUROPEAN CENTRES OF EXPERTISE - SENSORS." The entries represent a survey of European sensors development. The new edition contains 425 detailed profiles of companies and research institutions in 22 countries. This is reflected in the diversity of sensors development programmes described, from sensors for physical parameters to biosensors and intelligent sensor systems. We do not claim that all European organisations developing sensors are included, but this is a good cross section from an invited list of participants. If you see gaps or omissions, or would like your organisation to be included, please send details. The data base invites the formation of effective joint ventures by identifying and providing access to specific areas in which organisations offer collaboration. This issue is recognised to be of great importance and most entrants include details of collaboration offered and sought. We hope the directory on Sensors will help you to find the ri...

  9. Sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, H. [PBI-Dansensor A/S (Denmark); Toft Soerensen, O. [Risoe National Lab., Materials Research Dept. (Denmark)

    1999-10-01

    A new type of ceramic oxygen sensors based on semiconducting oxides was developed in this project. The advantage of these sensors compared to standard ZrO{sub 2} sensors is that they do not require a reference gas and that they can be produced in small sizes. The sensor design and the techniques developed for production of these sensors are judged suitable by the participating industry for a niche production of a new generation of oxygen sensors. Materials research on new oxygen ion conducting conductors both for applications in oxygen sensors and in fuel was also performed in this project and finally a new process was developed for fabrication of ceramic tubes by dip-coating. (EHS)

  10. Rapidice Viewer: a Web Application to Observe Near Real-Time Changes in Polar Ice Sheets and Glaciers with a Multi-Sensor Multi-Temporal Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herried, B.; Porter, C. C.; Morin, P. J.; Howat, I. M.; Rapid Ice Sheet Change Observatory (Risco)

    2011-12-01

    The Rapid Ice Sheet Change Observatory (RISCO) is an inter-organizational collaboration created to provide a systematic framework for gathering, processing, analyzing, and distributing consistent satellite imagery of polar ice sheet dynamics. With increased access to satellite imagery from a number of sources with a various licensing agreements, RISCO has gathered, processed, and served imagery from sensors at multiple spatial and temporal resolutions through time. Currently, sensors included in the data repository are LANDSAT, MODIS, ENVISAT, ASTER, SPOT, WorldView-01, WorldView-02, QuickBird-02, and, GeoEye-01. With the data, we observe glacial dynamics for polar regions and have developed an interactive web application to view and serve data. The RapidIce Viewer provides an interface to RISCO's satellite imagery repository, presenting it in an integrated, web-based application. Users can filter by date, sensor, and region to explore current or historical imagery. The application features options to download the processed satellite data as well as to view animated movies for specified date ranges and regions. It allows researchers to view ice sheet and glacial dynamics, statuses, trends, and events conveniently from a web browser.

  11. Sensing and Measurement Architecture for Grid Modernization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taft, Jeffrey D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); De Martini, Paul [California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)

    2016-02-01

    This paper addresses architecture for grid sensor networks, with primary emphasis on distribution grids. It describes a forward-looking view of sensor network architecture for advanced distribution grids, and discusses key regulatory, financial, and planning issues.

  12. The Experience for the Concept of Web Service on WebSphere%基于WebSphere平台的Web Service概念实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范玉珍; 顾毓清

    2003-01-01

    This paper investigates and summarizes the basic concept of Web Service, covers how to set up the fundamental Web Service structure on WebSphere platform with the provided practical example, the last section of this paper discusses the comparison between the Web Service component-based architecture and the traditional component-based architecture.

  13. Information Architecture: Looking Ahead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Louis

    2002-01-01

    Considers the future of the field of information architecture. Highlights include a comparison with the growth of the field of professional management; the design of information systems since the Web; more demanding users; the need for an interdisciplinary approach; and how to define information architecture. (LRW)

  14. A Tax Administration WebGIS System Based on Service-Oriented Architecture%基于SOA的税收征管网络GIS平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄风华; 晏路明

    2012-01-01

    In order to reflect the spatial distribution rules and trends of the taxation status in different regions intuitively, ironically and dynamically, improve the capability of data sharing and interoperability of the heterogeneous tax administration GIS systems, a tax administration WebGIS system based on Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is constructed by the integration of the GIS enterprise-level middleware and GIS Web services (GIServices) on account of the specifications of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). STAXGIS is based on the consistent business model and information model. The GIS enterprise-level middleware can provide spatial data conversion, taxation business processing, taxation spatial analysis and other advanced service functions, meanwhile the GISservices can provide information services (such as query and location of tax sources, tax thematic analysis, taxation queries and declaring and so on). The four-layer framework of J2EE which contains the data layer, application service layer, Web service layer and client layer is used for the hierarchical management and deployment of the STAXGIS. Compared with the traditional tax administration GIS systems, the administration efficiency and scalability of the STAXGIS is greatly improved. The research which takes Fuzhou City in Fujian Province as an example has shown that STAXGIS could strengthen the capabilities of information sharing and interoperability of the decentralized heterogeneous tax administration GIS platform in the distributed environment currently, and improve the overall efficiency of spatial analysis for tax administration in heterogeneous environment. It can also provide the tax administration departments at different levels with decision support directly or indirectly.%为了能直观、形象和动态地反映不同区域税收状况的空间分布规律和变化趋势,提高异构税收征管GIS系统的数据共享和互操作性能,采用GIS企业级中间件与开放地

  15. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and Sensor Web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged; Resch, Bernd; Crowley, David N.; Breslin, John G.; Sohn, Gunho; Burtner, Edwin R.; Pike, William A.; Jeziersk, Eduardo; Slayer Chuang, Kuo Yu

    2011-12-21

    The PIE Activity Awareness Environment is designed to be an adaptive data triage and decision support tool that allows role and activity based situation awareness through a dynamic, trainable filtering system. This paper discusses the process and methodology involved in the application as well as some of its capabilities. 'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, 'noise', misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial

  16. MISTRAL & ASTRAL: two CMOS Pixel Sensor architectures suited to the Inner Tracking System of the ALICE experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morel, F.; Hu-Guo, C.; Bertolone, G.; Claus, G.; Colledani, C.; Dorokhov, A.; Dozière, G.; Dulinski, W.; Fang, X.; Goffe, M.; Himmi, A.; Jaaskelainen, K.; Senyukov, S.; Specht, M.; Szelezniak, M.; Pham, H.; Valin, I.; Wang, T.; Winter, M.

    2014-01-01

    A detector, equipped with 50 μm thin CMOS Pixel Sensors (CPS), is being designed for the upgrade of the Inner Tracking System (ITS) of the ALICE experiment at LHC. Two CPS flavours, MISTRAL and ASTRAL, are being developed at IPHC aiming to meet the requirements of the ITS upgrade. The first is derived from the MIMOSA28 sensor designed for the STAR-PXL detector. The second integrates a discriminator in each pixel to improve the readout speed and power consumption. This paper will describe in details the sensor development and show some preliminary test results.

  17. An Advance Open Architecture Astrometric Alignment Sensor for Distributed & Non-Distributed GN&C Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This IRAD will advance the technology to provide a stellar sensor that may be used for astrometric alignments necessary for Formation Flying/Relative Navigation...

  18. System Architecture of HatterHealthConnect: An Integration of Body Sensor Networks and Social Networks to Improve Health Awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Hala ElAarag; David Bauschlicher; Steven Bauschlicher

    2013-01-01

    Over the last decade, the demand for efficient healthcare monitoring has increased and forced the health and wellness industry to embrace modern technological advances. Body Sensor Networks, or BSNs, can remotely collect users data and upload vital statistics to servers over the Internet. Advances in wireless technologies such as cellular devices and Bluetooth increase the mobility users experience while wearing a body sensor network. When connected by the proper framework, BSNs can efficient...

  19. Hierarchical Thin Film Architectures for Enhanced Sensor Performance: Liquid Crystal-Mediated Electrochemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Imprinted Polymer Films for the Selective Recognition of Bupivacaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramanian Suriyanarayanan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC medium (triton X-100/water. Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA conditions, which was ≈250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL, and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing.

  20. Hierarchical thin film architectures for enhanced sensor performance: liquid crystal-mediated electrochemical synthesis of nanostructured imprinted polymer films for the selective recognition of bupivacaine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suriyanarayanan, Subramanian; Nawaz, Hazrat; Ndizeye, Natacha; Nicholls, Ian A

    2014-06-01

    Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP) films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz) resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC) medium (triton X-100/water). Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP) exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA) conditions, which was ≈250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL), and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing. PMID:25587412

  1. 基于Web技术的多级智能监测及诊断体系结构术%Web Technology-Based Multi-Level Architecture of Intelligent Monitoring and Diagnosing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠; 郑时雄

    2005-01-01

    As the monitoring and diagnosing technologies for manufacturing equipment and systems become more and more intelligent, open and integrated with the Internet, a Web Services/SOAP & Object Web-based multi-level-multi-agent logical architecture for monitoring and diagnosing manufacturing systems is presented.The architectures of three key agents, namely, the eMDA ( Web-Enabled Machine Diagnostic Agent), the ePDA (Web-Enabled Process Diagnostic Agent) and the S-DA (Signal Analysis-Based Diagnostic Agent), are also proposed. The proposed logical architecture is modularized, reusable and scalable. It satisfies the real-time requirement and the information integration in both the Intranet and the Internet. Moreover, it makes it possible to build step by step a flexible remote monitoring and diagnosing system.%针对制造设备及系统的监测与故障诊断技术日趋智能化、开放和网络化的特点,提出了一个面向制造系统的基于Web服务/SOAP和对象Web的多级多主体监测及诊断体系结构,并提出了其中的Web使能机器诊断主体(eMDA)、Web使能过程诊断主体(ePDA)和信号分析诊断主体(S-DA)的模块结构.所提出的网络化多级监测及诊断体系结构具有模块化、可重用和可裁减的特点,能满足Internet和Intranet环境下实时和信息集成的要求,并允许分步骤构建柔性的远程监测及故障诊断系统.

  2. A Content Standard for Computational Models; Digital Rights Management (DRM) Architectures; A Digital Object Approach to Interoperable Rights Management: Finely-Grained Policy Enforcement Enabled by a Digital Object Infrastructure; LOCKSS: A Permanent Web Publishing and Access System; Tapestry of Time and Terrain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Linda L.; Crosier, Scott J.; Smith, Terrence R.; Goodchild, Michael; Iannella, Renato; Erickson, John S.; Reich, Vicky; Rosenthal, David S. H.

    2001-01-01

    Includes five articles. Topics include requirements for a content standard to describe computational models; architectures for digital rights management systems; access control for digital information objects; LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) that allows libraries to run Web caches for specific journals; and a Web site from the U.S.…

  3. Tantalum oxide honeycomb architectures for the development of a non-enzymatic glucose sensor with wide detection range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suneesh, P V; Chandhini, K; Ramachandran, T; Nair, Bipin G; Satheesh Babu, T G

    2013-12-15

    Tantalum oxide honeycomb nanostructures (THNS) were fabricated by electrochemical anodisation of tantalum in H2SO4-HF medium. XRD analysis showed that annealing of THNS at 400 °C improves the crystallinity. HRSEM and AFM results illustrated that nanopores with an average diameter of 30 nm were uniformly distributed and the pore size reduced to 24 nm and 18 nm during subsequent electrodeposition of Pt and CuO. Electrodeposited Pt and CuO exhibited face centered cubic (fcc) and monoclinic crystal structure respectively. Cyclic voltammetric studies revealed that, on the hybrid material electrooxidation of glucose occurs at a lower potential (0.45 V). The sensor exhibited linear response to glucose up to 31 mM, fast response time (detection limit of 1 μM (S/N=3). The sensor is free of interference from ascorbic acid, uric acid, dopamine and acetaminophen. Sensor was used to analyze glucose in blood serum samples. PMID:23911662

  4. Sensor-model prediction, monitoring and in-situ control of liquid RTM advanced fiber architecture composite processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranbuehl, D.; Kingsley, P.; Hart, S.; Loos, A.; Hasko, G.; Dexter, B.

    In-situ frequency dependent electromagnetic sensors (FDEMS) and the Loos resin transfer model have been used to select and control the processing properties of an epoxy resin during liquid pressure RTM impregnation and cure. Once correlated with viscosity and degree of cure the FDEMS sensor monitors and the RTM processing model predicts the reaction advancement of the resin, viscosity and the impregnation of the fabric. This provides a direct means for predicting, monitoring, and controlling the liquid RTM process in-situ in the mold throughout the fabrication process and the effects of time, temperature, vacuum and pressure. Most importantly, the FDEMS-sensor model system has been developed to make intelligent decisions, thereby automating the liquid RTM process and removing the need for operator direction.

  5. ARCOMEM Crawling Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vassilis Plachouras

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web is the largest information repository available today. However, this information is very volatile and Web archiving is essential to preserve it for the future. Existing approaches to Web archiving are based on simple definitions of the scope of Web pages to crawl and are limited to basic interactions with Web servers. The aim of the ARCOMEM project is to overcome these limitations and to provide flexible, adaptive and intelligent content acquisition, relying on social media to create topical Web archives. In this article, we focus on ARCOMEM’s crawling architecture. We introduce the overall architecture and we describe its modules, such as the online analysis module, which computes a priority for the Web pages to be crawled, and the Application-Aware Helper which takes into account the type of Web sites and applications to extract structure from crawled content. We also describe a large-scale distributed crawler that has been developed, as well as the modifications we have implemented to adapt Heritrix, an open source crawler, to the needs of the project. Our experimental results from real crawls show that ARCOMEM’s crawling architecture is effective in acquiring focused information about a topic and leveraging the information from social media.

  6. 无线传感网下的认知节点架构研究%Research on Cognitive Node Architecture in Wireless Sensor Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鹏; 刘军; 胡浩

    2015-01-01

    In the era of big data ,it is significant to construct a different cognitive node architecture from the traditional wireless sensor network by using the cognitive theory in the wireless network , and optimizing and improving the protocol stack of sensor network at the node level .Such node archi‐tecture can utilize the cognition and self -organization of wireless sensor network to further improve the data transmission performance of wireless sensor networks ,and meet the need of data transmis‐sion of the objects without any interactive capability in the dig data environments .Based on the Zigbee protocol stack ,this paper elaborates the structure ,function ,and design concepts of the node architec‐ture with the cognitive node architecture ,which provides a new alternative idea and technique for the wireless data transmission in the era of dig data .%在大数据时代,利用无线网络中的认知理念,在传感网的节点级通过对协议栈的优化与创新,建立与传统无线传感网络不同的认知节点架构具有重要意义。该节点架构利用无线传感网的认知性和传感网的自组织性,进一步优化无线传感网络的数据传输性能,以适应大数据时代下处理无交互能力对象的数据传输要求。在基于Zigbee协议栈的基础上引入了认知节点架构,对该节点架构的结构、作用及设计理念进行了深入阐述,为适应大数据时代的无线数据传输技术提出了一种可供选择的新理念与新途径。

  7. Mesoporous ZnO-NiO architectures for use in a high-performance nonenzymatic glucose sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesoporous ZnO-NiO architectures were prepared by thermal annealing of zinc-nickel hydroxycarbonate composites. The resulting architectures are shown to be assembled by many mesoporous nanosheets, and this results in a large surface area and a strong synergy between the ZnO and NiO nanoparticles. The material obtained by annealing at 400 °C was used as an electrode that responds to glucose over a wide concentration range (from 0.5 μM to 6.4 mM), with a detection limit as low as 0.5 μM, fast response time (<3 s), and good sensitivity (120.5 μA · mM−1 · cm−2). (author)

  8. A Fault-Tolerant Data Dissemination Based on Honeycomb Architecture for Mobile Multi-Sink Wireless Sensor Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erman-Tüysüz, Aysegül; Dilo, Arta; Havinga, Paul

    2010-01-01

    In mission critical applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), multiple sinks can be associated to first responders such as firefighters, but also to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). In such scenarios, data dissemination of events towards mobile sinks should be performed reliably. In this pape

  9. A silicon MEMS structure for characterization of femto-farad-level capacitive sensors with lock-in architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wei, J.; Chen, Z.L.; Liu, Z.W.; Sarro, P.M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a silicon MEMS capacitive structure to investigate a test methodology for fF-level capacitive sensors’ measurement. The device mimics a capacitive sensor with a changing intermediate layer between the electrodes. A single mask bulk micromachining process is used to fabricate the

  10. Ur/Web: A Simple Model for Programming the Web

    OpenAIRE

    Chlipala, Adam

    2014-01-01

    The World Wide Web has evolved gradually from a document delivery platform to an architecture for distributed programming. This largely unplanned evolution is apparent in the set of interconnected languages and protocols that any Web application must manage. This paper presents Ur/Web, a domain-specific, statically typed functional programming language with a much simpler model for programming modern Web applications. Ur/Web's model is unified, where programs in a single programming language ...

  11. Software Architecture: Architecture Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Tibermacine, Chouki

    2014-01-01

    International audience In this chapter, we introduce an additional, yet essential, concept in describing software architectures : architecture constraints. We explain the precise role of these entities and their importance in object-oriented, component-based or service-oriented software engi-neering. We then describe the way in which they are specified and interpreted. An architect can define architecture constraints and then associate them to architectural descriptions to limit their stru...

  12. Evolution of System Architectures: Where Do We Need to Fail Next?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermudez, Luis; Alameh, Nadine; Percivall, George

    2013-04-01

    Innovation requires testing and failing. Thomas Edison was right when he said "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work". For innovation and improvement of standards to happen, service Architectures have to be tested and tested. Within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), testing of service architectures has occurred for the last 15 years. This talk will present an evolution of these service architectures and a possible future path. OGC is a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and for the advancement and development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC Interoperability Program is a series of hands-on, fast paced, engineering initiatives to accelerate the development and acceptance of OGC standards. Each initiative is organized in threads that provide focus under a particular theme. The first testbed, OGC Web Services phase 1, completed in 2003 had four threads: Common Architecture, Web Mapping, Sensor Web and Web Imagery Enablement. The Common Architecture was a cross-thread theme, to ensure that the Web Mapping and Sensor Web experiments built on a base common architecture. The architecture was based on the three main SOA components: Broker, Requestor and Provider. It proposed a general service model defining service interactions and dependencies; categorization of service types; registries to allow discovery and access of services; data models and encodings; and common services (WMS, WFS, WCS). For the latter, there was a clear distinction on the different services: Data Services (e.g. WMS), Application services (e.g. Coordinate transformation) and server-side client applications (e.g. image exploitation). The latest testbed, OGC Web Service phase 9, completed in 2012 had 5 threads: Aviation, Cross-Community Interoperability (CCI), Security and Services Interoperability (SSI), OWS Innovations and Compliance & Interoperability Testing & Evaluation

  13. A solution (data architecture) for handling time-series data - sensor data (4D), its visualisation and the questions around uncertainty of this data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayembil, Martin; Barkwith, Andrew

    2016-04-01

    Geo-environmental research is increasingly in the age of data-driven research. It has become necessary to collect, store, integrate and visualise more subsurface data for environmental research. The information required to facilitate data-driven research is often characterised by its variability, volume, complexity and frequency. This has necessitated the development of suitable data workflows, hybrid data architectures, and multiple visualisation solutions to provide the proper context to scientists and to enable their understanding of the different trends that the data displays for their many scientific interpolations. However this data, predominantly time-series (4D) acquired through sensors and being mostly telemetered, poses significant challenges/questions in quantifying the uncertainty of the data. To validate the research answers including the data methodologies, the following open questions around uncertainty will need addressing, i.e. uncertainty generated from: • the instruments used for data capture; • the transfer process of the data often from remote locations through telemetry; • the data processing techniques used for harmonising and integration from multiple sensor outlets; • the approximations applied to visualize such data from various conversion factors to include units standardisation The main question remains: How do we deal with the issues around uncertainty when it comes to the large and variable amounts of time-series data we collect, harmonise and visualise for the data-driven geo-environmental research that we undertake today?

  14. A silicon MEMS structure for characterization of femto-farad-level capacitive sensors with lock-in architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, J; Chen, Z.L.; Liu, Z. W.; Sarro, P. M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a silicon MEMS capacitive structure to investigate a test methodology for fF-level capacitive sensors’ measurement. The device mimics a capacitive sensor with a changing intermediate layer between the electrodes. A single mask bulk micromachining process is used to fabricate the device, which has a nominal capacitance of 1.2 fF. A high performance measurement setup based on lock-in principle is developed to detect the capacitance variation. The maximum capacitance variatio...

  15. Effect of Sensors on the Reliability and Control Performance of Power Circuits in the Web of Things (WoT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sungwoo Bae

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to realize a true WoT environment, a reliable power circuit is required to ensure interconnections among a range of WoT devices. This paper presents research on sensors and their effects on the reliability and response characteristics of power circuits in WoT devices. The presented research can be used in various power circuit applications, such as energy harvesting interfaces, photovoltaic systems, and battery management systems for the WoT devices. As power circuits rely on the feedback from voltage/current sensors, the system performance is likely to be affected by the sensor failure rates, sensor dynamic characteristics, and their interface circuits. This study investigated how the operational availability of the power circuits is affected by the sensor failure rates by performing a quantitative reliability analysis. In the analysis process, this paper also includes the effects of various reconstruction and estimation techniques used in power processing circuits (e.g., energy harvesting circuits and photovoltaic systems. This paper also reports how the transient control performance of power circuits is affected by sensor interface circuits. With the frequency domain stability analysis and circuit simulation, it was verified that the interface circuit dynamics may affect the transient response characteristics of power circuits. The verification results in this paper showed that the reliability and control performance of the power circuits can be affected by the sensor types, fault tolerant approaches against sensor failures, and the response characteristics of the sensor interfaces. The analysis results were also verified by experiments using a power circuit prototype.

  16. Effect of Sensors on the Reliability and Control Performance of Power Circuits in the Web of Things (WoT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Sungwoo; Kim, Myungchin

    2016-09-06

    In order to realize a true WoT environment, a reliable power circuit is required to ensure interconnections among a range of WoT devices. This paper presents research on sensors and their effects on the reliability and response characteristics of power circuits in WoT devices. The presented research can be used in various power circuit applications, such as energy harvesting interfaces, photovoltaic systems, and battery management systems for the WoT devices. As power circuits rely on the feedback from voltage/current sensors, the system performance is likely to be affected by the sensor failure rates, sensor dynamic characteristics, and their interface circuits. This study investigated how the operational availability of the power circuits is affected by the sensor failure rates by performing a quantitative reliability analysis. In the analysis process, this paper also includes the effects of various reconstruction and estimation techniques used in power processing circuits (e.g., energy harvesting circuits and photovoltaic systems). This paper also reports how the transient control performance of power circuits is affected by sensor interface circuits. With the frequency domain stability analysis and circuit simulation, it was verified that the interface circuit dynamics may affect the transient response characteristics of power circuits. The verification results in this paper showed that the reliability and control performance of the power circuits can be affected by the sensor types, fault tolerant approaches against sensor failures, and the response characteristics of the sensor interfaces. The analysis results were also verified by experiments using a power circuit prototype.

  17. Effect of Sensors on the Reliability and Control Performance of Power Circuits in the Web of Things (WoT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Sungwoo; Kim, Myungchin

    2016-01-01

    In order to realize a true WoT environment, a reliable power circuit is required to ensure interconnections among a range of WoT devices. This paper presents research on sensors and their effects on the reliability and response characteristics of power circuits in WoT devices. The presented research can be used in various power circuit applications, such as energy harvesting interfaces, photovoltaic systems, and battery management systems for the WoT devices. As power circuits rely on the feedback from voltage/current sensors, the system performance is likely to be affected by the sensor failure rates, sensor dynamic characteristics, and their interface circuits. This study investigated how the operational availability of the power circuits is affected by the sensor failure rates by performing a quantitative reliability analysis. In the analysis process, this paper also includes the effects of various reconstruction and estimation techniques used in power processing circuits (e.g., energy harvesting circuits and photovoltaic systems). This paper also reports how the transient control performance of power circuits is affected by sensor interface circuits. With the frequency domain stability analysis and circuit simulation, it was verified that the interface circuit dynamics may affect the transient response characteristics of power circuits. The verification results in this paper showed that the reliability and control performance of the power circuits can be affected by the sensor types, fault tolerant approaches against sensor failures, and the response characteristics of the sensor interfaces. The analysis results were also verified by experiments using a power circuit prototype. PMID:27608020

  18. Effect of Sensors on the Reliability and Control Performance of Power Circuits in the Web of Things (WoT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Sungwoo; Kim, Myungchin

    2016-01-01

    In order to realize a true WoT environment, a reliable power circuit is required to ensure interconnections among a range of WoT devices. This paper presents research on sensors and their effects on the reliability and response characteristics of power circuits in WoT devices. The presented research can be used in various power circuit applications, such as energy harvesting interfaces, photovoltaic systems, and battery management systems for the WoT devices. As power circuits rely on the feedback from voltage/current sensors, the system performance is likely to be affected by the sensor failure rates, sensor dynamic characteristics, and their interface circuits. This study investigated how the operational availability of the power circuits is affected by the sensor failure rates by performing a quantitative reliability analysis. In the analysis process, this paper also includes the effects of various reconstruction and estimation techniques used in power processing circuits (e.g., energy harvesting circuits and photovoltaic systems). This paper also reports how the transient control performance of power circuits is affected by sensor interface circuits. With the frequency domain stability analysis and circuit simulation, it was verified that the interface circuit dynamics may affect the transient response characteristics of power circuits. The verification results in this paper showed that the reliability and control performance of the power circuits can be affected by the sensor types, fault tolerant approaches against sensor failures, and the response characteristics of the sensor interfaces. The analysis results were also verified by experiments using a power circuit prototype. PMID:27608020

  19. Architecture and Protocol of a Semantic System Designed for Video Tagging with Sensor Data in Mobile Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macias, Elsa; Lloret, Jaime; Suarez, Alvaro; Garcia, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Current mobile phones come with several sensors and powerful video cameras. These video cameras can be used to capture good quality scenes, which can be complemented with the information gathered by the sensors also embedded in the phones. For example, the surroundings of a beach recorded by the camera of the mobile phone, jointly with the temperature of the site can let users know via the Internet if the weather is nice enough to swim. In this paper, we present a system that tags the video frames of the video recorded from mobile phones with the data collected by the embedded sensors. The tagged video is uploaded to a video server, which is placed on the Internet and is accessible by any user. The proposed system uses a semantic approach with the stored information in order to make easy and efficient video searches. Our experimental results show that it is possible to tag video frames in real time and send the tagged video to the server with very low packet delay variations. As far as we know there is not any other application developed as the one presented in this paper. PMID:22438753

  20. Architecture and Protocol of a Semantic System Designed for Video Tagging with Sensor Data in Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Suarez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Current mobile phones come with several sensors and powerful video cameras. These video cameras can be used to capture good quality scenes, which can be complemented with the information gathered by the sensors also embedded in the phones. For example, the surroundings of a beach recorded by the camera of the mobile phone, jointly with the temperature of the site can let users know via the Internet if the weather is nice enough to swim. In this paper, we present a system that tags the video frames of the video recorded from mobile phones with the data collected by the embedded sensors. The tagged video is uploaded to a video server, which is placed on the Internet and is accessible by any user. The proposed system uses a semantic approach with the stored information in order to make easy and efficient video searches. Our experimental results show that it is possible to tag video frames in real time and send the tagged video to the server with very low packet delay variations. As far as we know there is not any other application developed as the one presented in this paper.

  1. A sensor network architecture for urban traffic state estimation with mixed eulerian/lagrangian sensing based on distributed computing

    KAUST Repository

    Canepa, Edward S.

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a new approach to urban traffic flow sensing using decentralized traffic state estimation. Traffic sensor data is generated both by fixed traffic flow sensor nodes and by probe vehicles equipped with a short range transceiver. The data generated by these sensors is sent to a local coordinator node, that poses the problem of estimating the local state of traffic as a mixed integer linear program (MILP). The resulting optimization program is then solved by the nodes in a distributed manner, using branch-and-bound methods. An optimal amount of noise is then added to the maps before dissemination to a central database. Unlike existing probe-based traffic monitoring systems, this system does not transmit user generated location tracks nor any user presence information to a centralized server, effectively preventing privacy attacks. A simulation of the system performance on computer-generated traffic data shows that the system can be implemented with currently available technology. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

  2. Architecture on Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Karen

    2016-01-01

    that is not scientific or academic but is more like a latent body of data that we find embedded in existing works of architecture. This information, it is argued, is not limited by the historical context of the work. It can be thought of as a virtual capacity – a reservoir of spatial configurations that can....... It will be argued that the transformative capacity of architecture utilized in such an architecture-on-architecture approach depends on our ability to read architectural structures independently from the specific circumstances that defined their creation. As a conclusion, it is discussed how recognising...

  3. Life Under Your Feet: An End-to-End Soil Ecology Sensor Network, Database, Web Server, and Analysis Service

    OpenAIRE

    Szlavecz, Katalin; Terzis, Andreas; Ozer, Stuart; Musaloiu-E, Razvan; Cogan, Joshua; Small, Sam; Burns, Randal; Gray, Jim; Szalay, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks can revolutionize soil ecology by providing measurements at temporal and spatial granularities previously impossible. This paper presents a soil monitoring system we developed and deployed at an urban forest in Baltimore as a first step towards realizing this vision. Motes in this network measure and save soil moisture and temperature in situ every minute. Raw measurements are periodically retrieved by a sensor gateway and stored in a central database where calibrated...

  4. IoT – Internet of Things Architecture for Context Aware Sensors Data Processing in Waste Management Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Toma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoT refers interconnectivity of different devices and its increasing reasons aim Cloud Computing Services development, interconnectivity among personal smart devices and other devices, and significant development of the applications operate with this kind of connections and data provided by such connections. The biggest role is played by the devices with measuring capabilities helping the understanding of the world around by humans analyzing data generated in new points by these instruments. Data are securely stored and processes to be a viable source for real-time decisions. The paper provides an overview of this new data acquisitions paradigm together with short presentations of the communication protocols can be implemented in IoT infrastructure. Also, a possible solution architecture is provided for waste management.

  5. Flexible readout and integration sensor (FRIS): a bio-inspired, system-on-chip, event-based readout architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Joseph H.; Pouliquen, Philippe O.; Andreou, Andreas G.; Goldberg, Arnold C.; Rizk, Charbel G.

    2012-06-01

    We present a bio-inspired system-on-chip focal plane readout architecture which at the system level, relies on an event based sampling scheme where only pixels within a programmable range of photon flux rates are output. At the pixel level, a one bit oversampled analog-to-digital converter together with a decimator allows for the quantization of signals up to 26 bits. Furthermore, digital non-uniformity correction of both gain and offset errors is applied at the pixel level prior to readout. We report test results for a prototype array fabricated in a standard 90nm CMOS process. Tests performed at room and cryogenic temperatures demonstrate the capability to operate at a temporal noise ratio as low as 1.5, an electron well capacity over 100Ge-, and an ADC LSB down to 1e-.

  6. A Mobile Agent Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks%一种针对无线传感器网络的移动代理结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦茴; 谭小红

    2005-01-01

    在传统的用户/服务器网络结构中,本地数据需要传送到目的地去进行计算和处理,而移动代理的出现则使移动计算变为了现实.移动代理的移动性使之比用户/服务器网络结构更适用于传感器网络.本文提出了一种适用于传感器网络的通用移动代理结构.这种结构称为基于移动代理的传感器网络(MAWSN).本结构中的移动代理可以从以下三个方面减少信息冗余度和通信的额外开销以延长网络的生存时间:①通过本地处理功能减少应用层的冗余度;②通过数据汇聚功能减少数据的空间冗余度; ③通过多目标数据融合功能减少通信的额外开销.%In contrast to the traditional client/server based network computing, where local data are transferred to destination directly, mobile agent leads to a new computing paradigm, namely, mobile-agent based computing. The advantages of the mobile agent paradigm make it more suitable for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) than client/server paradigm. This paper proposes universal mobile agent architecture for WSNs. The proposed architecture is called MAWSN (mobile agent based wireless sensor network), where mobile agent is dedicated to eliminate information redundancy and communication overhead in order to prolong network lifetime from following three aspects: ① application redundancy eliminating by mobile agent assisted local processing; ② spatial redundancy eliminating by mobile agent assisted data aggregation; ③ communication overhead saving by mobile agent assisted multiple targets' data combining.

  7. The Study of An Architecture Framework of DSS Based on Web Service--Implementation of Model Service in DSS%基于Web Service的DSS体系结构研究--DSS中模型服务的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨骅飞; 王永军; 刘风宝

    2003-01-01

    本文从DSS开发集成的角度,分析了DSS的不同发展阶段的体系结构,提出了基于Web Service的DSS体系结构.介绍了Web Service的三个参与者和三个基本操作的体系结构,最后详细阐述了DSS中模型服务的实现框架.

  8. Research and Architecture on the Web Services-based Ecommerce System%基于Web Services的电子商务系统的研究与架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江文斌; 张仁津; 张方霞

    2010-01-01

    在分析Web Services的体系结构和关键技术的基础上,采用基于.Net的Web Services技术,结合标准的Web协议(HTTP、SMTP等)和XML、SOAP、WSDL、VDDI等一系列标准,给出了一个企业电子商务应用集成技术的设计与实现.

  9. Architecture for Accessing Heterogeneous Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Kamir Yusof

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the architecture for accessing heterogeneous databases. Two major processes in this architecture which are extracting SQL statement and ontology. The algorithms for extracting SQL statement was created and tested in order to improve time performance during searching and retrieving process. Ontology approach was implemented and combined with these algorithms. In ontology approach, web semantic was implemented in order to retrieve only relevant data from database. A prototype based on this architecture was developed using JAVA technology. JAVA technology was chosen because this technology have Jena library. This library is provide API and support SPARQL. Several experiments have been executed and tested. The result indicates this architecture able to improve web query processing in term of time. The result also indicates this architecture able to retrieve and displayed more relevant data to web users.

  10. Architecture on Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Karen

    2016-01-01

    This paper will discuss the challenges faced by architectural education today. It takes as its starting point the double commitment of any school of architecture: on the one hand the task of preserving the particular knowledge that belongs to the discipline of architecture, and on the other hand...... the obligation to prepare students to perform in a profession that is largely defined by forces outside that discipline. It will be proposed that the autonomy of architecture can be understood as a unique kind of information: as architecture’s self-reliance or knowledge-about itself. A knowledge...... that is not scientific or academic but is more like a latent body of data that we find embedded in existing works of architecture. This information, it is argued, is not limited by the historical context of the work. It can be thought of as a virtual capacity – a reservoir of spatial configurations that can...

  11. Realization of a Web Simulation Sensor Laboratory by LabVIEW%LabVIEW实现的网络化仿真传感器实验室

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁胜祥; 王照伟; 栾海峰; 侯永飞; 刘晓旻

    2012-01-01

    The simulation sensor laboratory based on virtual technology provided a novel sensor experimental device which can be upgraded easily. It enriched the experimental teaching resources, expanded the experiment content and solved the problem of ageing and inadequate of the experimental teaching equipment in colleges and universities. The realization of network simulation laboratory broke the time-space limit of the traditional laboratory and promoted the openness of the curriculum resources. An on-line simulation sensor laboratory based on B/S structure was built by the Web publishing and remote access functions of LabVIEW. The database technology strengthened management of the lab and provided secure remote assessments. So the simulation sensor laboratory can be accessed remotely and securely at any authorized terminal. The all-weather on-line simulation sensor laboratory improved students ' interest in active learning, thereby contributing to the development of students' abilities such as autonomous learning, engineering application, innovation and modern engineering thinking.%虚拟技术构筑的仿真传感器实验室丰富了实验教学资源,拓展了实验内容,弥补了高校实验教学设备不足、设备老化等问题,提供了便于升级的“新型传感器实验仪”.仿真实验室网络化的实现,打破了传统实验室的时空局限性,促进了课程资源的开放性.利用LabVIEW的Web发布和远程访问功能,构筑B/S结构的在线仿真传感器实验室,采用数据库技术加强其管理,可以为任意授权的终端提供安全的远程访问机制.全天候在线的仿真传感器实验室,提高了学生主动学习的兴趣,探索了实验教学的新模式,有利于培养学生现代工程思维、自主学习能力、工程应用和创新能力.

  12. Born semantic: linking data from sensors to users and balancing hardware limitations with data standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck, Justin; Leadbetter, Adam

    2015-04-01

    New users for the growing volume of ocean data for purposes such as 'big data' data products and operational data assimilation/ingestion require data to be readily ingestible. This can be achieved via the application of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Linked Data and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards to data management. As part of several Horizons 2020 European projects (SenseOCEAN, ODIP, AtlantOS) the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) are working on combining existing data centre architecture and SWE software such as Sensor Observation Services with a Linked Data front end. The standards to enable data delivery are proven and well documented1,2 There are practical difficulties when SWE standards are applied to real time data because of internal hardware bandwidth restrictions and a requirement to constrain data transmission costs. A pragmatic approach is proposed where sensor metadata and data output in OGC standards are implemented "shore-side" with sensors and instruments transmitting unique resolvable web linkages to persistent OGC SensorML records published at the BODC. References: 1. World Wide Web Consortium. (2013). Linked Data. Available: http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/data. Last accessed 8th October 2014. 2. Open Geospatial Consortium. (2014). Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). Available: http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/markets-technologies/swe. Last accessed 8th October 2014.

  13. Building Web Application System Based on Architecture of Struts 2 & Spring & Hibernate%基于Struts2+Spring+Hibernate架构构建Web应用系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武宝珠; 梁声灼; 牛德雄

    2009-01-01

    It can quickly build Web application system, and make the structure of system to be clear taking Struts2 & Spring & Hibernate framework, along with have good expansibility and maintainability, so it greatly improves the reusability of the Web application system. This paper introduces three frameworks: Struts2, Spring, Hibernate, and integrates them in the Web application system.%采用Struts2+Spring+Hibernate架构可快速构建Web应用系统,并且能使得系统结构清晰,同时具备很好的可扩展性和可维护性,大大提高了Web应用系统的可重用性.本文介绍了Struts2、Spring、Hibernate 3个开源框架,并将其整合起来应用于Web应用系统系统中.

  14. Research on Web System Security Architecture based on Defense in Depth%基于纵深防御的Web系统安全架构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许子先; 卜哲; 裴立军

    2013-01-01

      文章综述了构建一个安全的Web应用系统需要遵守的准则。并根据Web应用系统层次化的结构特点,从构建合理安全的网络拓扑结构,配置安全严格的主机系统安全策略,编写严谨的应用代码三个方面阐述了如何从技术方面来构建安全的Web应用系统。另外也强调了建立以人为主体的安全管理与技术相结合的保护模式的重要性。%With the development of network technology, Hackers’ attention were transferred from attacking the Web server to attacking the Web application system.So many softwares for hacking make it easy for hackers to attack Web applications system.Network security incident occurred frequently, So Web security has been widespread concern.This paper introduced how to build a security Web application system.From the following three aspects that how to construct the Web application security system. First,reasonable construction safety of network topology. Secondly,making the confguration of the host system security strategy strict.Third,writting rigorous application code. Also,it is very important to make the safety management and technical combination.

  15. A Column-Parallel Hybrid Analog-to-Digital Converter Using Successive-Approximation-Register and Single-Slope Architectures with Error Correction for Complementary Metal Oxide Silicon Image Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tsung-Ling; Sakai, Shin; Kawada, Shun; Goda, Yasuyuki; Wakashima, Shunichi; Kuroda, Rihito; Sugawa, Shigetoshi

    2013-04-01

    In this paper, a column-parallel hybrid analog-to-digital converter (ADC) architecture taking the advantages of both successive-approximation-register (SAR) and single-slope (SS) architectures has been developed for CMOS image sensors. The proposed architecture achieves high conversion speed and low power consumption without requiring a high clock frequency and a large number of capacitors. Moreover, an error correction methodology has been presented to calibrate capacitance mismatches in a SAR capacitor array for linearity improvement. An 11-bit hybrid prototype ADC has been implemented in a 0.18-µm 1-poly 5-metal standard CMOS process. The conversion time is 1.225 µs with a maximum operation clock frequency of 40 MHz and it consumes 48 µW. With the proposed error correction, the measured differential nonlinearity (DNL) and integral nonlinearity (INL) are +0.40/-0.44 least significant bit (LSB) and +1.21/-1.12 LSB, respectively.

  16. SCHeMA web-based observation data information system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novellino, Antonio; Benedetti, Giacomo; D'Angelo, Paolo; Confalonieri, Fabio; Massa, Francesco; Povero, Paolo; Tercier-Waeber, Marie-Louise

    2016-04-01

    SeaDataNet network of National Oceanographic Data Centres. The SCHeMA presentation layer, a fundamental part of the software architecture, offers to the user a bidirectional interaction with the integrated system allowing to manage and configure the sensor probes; view the stored observations and metadata, and handle alarms. The overall structure of the web portal developed within the SCHeMA initiative (Sensor Configuration, development of Core Profile interface for data access via OGC standard, external services such as web services, WMS, WFS; and Data download and query manager) will be presented and illustrated with examples of ongoing tests in costal and open sea.

  17. The definitive guide to HTML5 WebSocket

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Vanessa; Moskovits, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The Definitive Guide to HTML5 WebSocket is the ultimate insider's WebSocket resource. This revolutionary new web technology enables you to harness the power of true real-time connectivity and build responsive, modern web applications.   This book contains everything web developers and architects need to know about WebSocket. It discusses how WebSocket-based architectures provide a dramatic reduction in unnecessary network overhead and latency compared to older HTTP (Ajax) architectures, how to layer widely used protocols such as XMPP and STOMP on top of WebSocket, and how to secure WebSocket c

  18. Conservation of Architectural Heritage

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero, mario Santana; Blake, Bill; Eppich, Rand

    2007-01-01

    Currently, a wide range of digital sensors for capturing our architectural heritage are available. They offer the opportunity to acquire large sets of information in a relatively short time. These sensors include digital photography (photogrammetry-scaled rectified photography), total stations, laser scanners, high-resolution panoramic devices, etc. A lot of effort has been put in the application of these tools in the field of conservation, however a significant gap exists between the informa...

  19. Service-oriented high level architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wenguang; Yu, Wenguang; Li, Qun; Wang, Weiping; Liu, Xichun

    2009-01-01

    Service-oriented High Level Architecture (SOHLA) refers to the high level architecture (HLA) enabled by Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web Services etc. techniques which supports distributed interoperating services. The detailed comparisons between HLA and SOA are made to illustrate the importance of their combination. Then several key enhancements and changes of HLA Evolved Web Service API are introduced in comparison with native APIs, such as Federation Development and Execution Pr...

  20. Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Vishnuvardhan Mannava; Ramesh, T.

    2012-01-01

    With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP), we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation of Visitor and Case...

  1. An architecture for modeling and decision support base the World Wide Web%基于World Wide Web的决策支持模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This paper discuss a distributed decision support and modeling environment over the World Wide Web. Decision Net build a birdge from consumers to providers via the use of brokers.Decision Net would facilitate developers of decision technologies in making their technologies available for access and execution over World Wide Web.%文中通过对基于World Wide Web(WWW)上建立决策支持电子环境的研究, 利用中介代理的概念,在用户和技术的拥有者之间架起了一座桥梁,构成了决策网 ,从而使WWW上的决策技术得到共享。讨论了其结构、性能和各种功能,为进一步研 究WWW上的决策支持提供了一条途径。

  2. The U.S. Geological Survey Geo Data Portal: A web service architecture and implementation for geo-climate data access and processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunicki, T.; Blodgett, D. L.; Booth, N. L.; Suftin, I.; Walker, J. I.

    2011-12-01

    Environmental modelers from fields of study including climatology, hydrology, geology, and ecology need common, cross-discipline data sources and processing methods to enable working with large remote datasets. Watershed modelers, for example, need downscaled climate model data and land-cover data summaries to predict streamflow for various future climate scenarios. In turn, ecological modelers need the predicted streamflow conditions to understand how habitat of biotic communities might be affected. The U.S. Geological Survey Geo Data Portal project addresses these needs by providing a flexible application built on open-standard Web services that integrates and streamlines data retrieval and analysis. Open Geospatial Consortium Web Processing Services (WPS) were developed to allow interoperable access to data from servers delivering both defacto standard Climate and Forecast (CF) convention datasets and OGC standard Web Coverage Services (WCS). The Geo Data Portal can create commonly needed derivatives of data in numerous formats. As an example use case, a user can upload a shapefile specifying a region of interest (e.g. a watershed), pick a climate simulation, and retrieve a spreadsheet of predicted daily maximum temperature in that region up to 2100. Outcomes of the Geo Data Portal project support the rapid development of user interfaces for accessing and manipulating environmental data. The Geo Data Portal resulting from this project will be demonstrated accessing a range of climate and landscape data.

  3. Applying Web Usage Mining for Personalizing Hyperlinks in Web-Based Adaptive Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Cristobal; Ventura, Sebastian; Zafra, Amelia; de Bra, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, the application of Web mining techniques in e-learning and Web-based adaptive educational systems is increasing exponentially. In this paper, we propose an advanced architecture for a personalization system to facilitate Web mining. A specific Web mining tool is developed and a recommender engine is integrated into the AHA! system in…

  4. SEnviro: A Sensorized Platform Proposal Using Open Hardware and Open Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Trilles

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN. The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things. Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and theWeb of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented.

  5. GOOSE: semantic search on internet connected sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutte, Klamer; Bomhof, Freek; Burghouts, Gertjan; van Diggelen, Jurriaan; Hiemstra, Peter; van't Hof, Jaap; Kraaij, Wessel; Pasman, Huib; Smith, Arthur; Versloot, Corne; de Wit, Joost

    2013-05-01

    More and more sensors are getting Internet connected. Examples are cameras on cell phones, CCTV cameras for traffic control as well as dedicated security and defense sensor systems. Due to the steadily increasing data volume, human exploitation of all this sensor data is impossible for effective mission execution. Smart access to all sensor data acts as enabler for questions such as "Is there a person behind this building" or "Alert me when a vehicle approaches". The GOOSE concept has the ambition to provide the capability to search semantically for any relevant information within "all" (including imaging) sensor streams in the entire Internet of sensors. This is similar to the capability provided by presently available Internet search engines which enable the retrieval of information on "all" web pages on the Internet. In line with current Internet search engines any indexing services shall be utilized cross-domain. The two main challenge for GOOSE is the Semantic Gap and Scalability. The GOOSE architecture consists of five elements: (1) an online extraction of primitives on each sensor stream; (2) an indexing and search mechanism for these primitives; (3) a ontology based semantic matching module; (4) a top-down hypothesis verification mechanism and (5) a controlling man-machine interface. This paper reports on the initial GOOSE demonstrator, which consists of the MES multimedia analysis platform and the CORTEX action recognition module. It also provides an outlook into future GOOSE development.

  6. Architectural slicing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2013-01-01

    a system and a slicing criterion, architectural slicing produces an architectural prototype that contain the elements in the architecture that are dependent on the ele- ments in the slicing criterion. Furthermore, we present an initial design and implementation of an architectural slicer for Java.......Architectural prototyping is a widely used practice, con- cerned with taking architectural decisions through experiments with light- weight implementations. However, many architectural decisions are only taken when systems are already (partially) implemented. This is prob- lematic in the context...... of architectural prototyping since experiments with full systems are complex and expensive and thus architectural learn- ing is hindered. In this paper, we propose a novel technique for harvest- ing architectural prototypes from existing systems, \\architectural slic- ing", based on dynamic program slicing. Given...

  7. Semantic Web Services in Corporate Memories

    OpenAIRE

    Lo, Moussa; Gandon, Fabien

    2007-01-01

    We present our experiment in integrating semantic web services in the existing corporate semantic web server architecture we use to implement corporate memories. We rely on a semantic web search engine, to provide a semantic registry and automatically discover and invoke corporate applications wrapped into semantically annotated web services. Using rules we also demonstrate how to compose the web services with queries on the knowledge stored in the corporate memory to automatically populate t...

  8. Architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2004-01-01

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights...

  9. Architectural Prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2004-01-01

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights...

  10. SREQP: A Solar Radiation Extraction and Query Platform for the Production and Consumption of Linked Data from Weather Stations Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Sánchez-Cervantes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, solar radiation information is provided from sensors installed in different geographic locations and platforms of meteorological agencies. However, common formats such as PDF files and HTML documents to provide solar radiation information do not offer semantics in their content, and they may pose problems to integrate and fuse data from multiple resources. One of the challenges of sensors Web is the unification of data from multiple sources, although this type of information facilitates interoperability with other sensor Web systems. This research proposes architecture SREQP (Solar Radiation Extraction and Query Platform to extract solar radiation data from multiple external sources and merge them on a single and unique platform. SREQP makes use of Linked Data to generate a set of triples containing information about extracted data, which allows final users to query data through a SPARQL endpoint. The conceptual model was developed by using known vocabularies, such as SSN or WGS84. Moreover, an Analytic Hierarchy Process was carried out for the evaluation of SREQP in order to identify and evaluate the main features of Linked-Sensor-Data and the sensor Web systems. Results from the evaluation indicated that SREQP contained most of the features considered essential in Linked-Sensor-Data and sensor Web systems.

  11. Operational Marine Data Acquisition and Delivery Powered by Web and Geospatial Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, R.; Buck, J. J. H.

    2015-12-01

    As novel sensor types and new platforms are deployed to monitor the global oceans, the volumes of scientific and environmental data collected in the marine context are rapidly growing. In order to use these data in both the traditional operational modes and in innovative "Big Data" applications the data must be readily understood by software agents. One approach to achieving this is the application of both World Wide Web and Open Geospatial Consortium standards: namely Linked Data1 and Sensor Web Enablement2 (SWE). The British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) is adopting this strategy in a number of European Commission funded projects (NETMAR; SenseOCEAN; Ocean Data Interoperability Platform - ODIP; and AtlantOS) to combine its existing data archiving architecture with SWE components (such as Sensor Observation Services) and a Linked Data interface. These will evolve the data management and data transfer from a process that requires significant manual intervention to an automated operational process enabling the rapid, standards-based, ingestion and delivery of data. This poster will show the current capabilities of BODC and the status of on-going implementation of this strategy. References1. World Wide Web Consortium. (2013). Linked Data. Available:http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/data. Last accessed 7th April 20152. Open Geospatial Consortium. (2014). Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). Available:http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/markets-technologies/swe. Last accessed 8th October 2014

  12. Robot Electronics Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Michael; Magnone, Lee; Aghazarian, Hrand; Baumgartner, Eric; Kennedy, Brett

    2008-01-01

    An electronics architecture has been developed to enable the rapid construction and testing of prototypes of robotic systems. This architecture is designed to be a research vehicle of great stability, reliability, and versatility. A system according to this architecture can easily be reconfigured (including expanded or contracted) to satisfy a variety of needs with respect to input, output, processing of data, sensing, actuation, and power. The architecture affords a variety of expandable input/output options that enable ready integration of instruments, actuators, sensors, and other devices as independent modular units. The separation of different electrical functions onto independent circuit boards facilitates the development of corresponding simple and modular software interfaces. As a result, both hardware and software can be made to expand or contract in modular fashion while expending a minimum of time and effort.

  13. The web is the database

    OpenAIRE

    Haritsa, Jayant R.

    2000-01-01

    Search engines are currently the standard medium for locating and accessing information on the Web. However, they may not scale to match the anticipated explosion of Web content since they support only extremely coarse-grained queries and axe based on centralized architectures. In this paper, we discuss how database technology can be successfully utilized to address the above problems. We also present the main features of a prototype Web database system called DIASPORA that we have developed ...

  14. The Architecture of MIS Based on Web and Data Warehouse%基于Web和数据仓库的信息系统构架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林杰; 薛华成

    2001-01-01

    首先分析了企业事务处理活动与决策支持活动的关系,研究了用数据仓库集成事务处理系统与决策支持系统的系统结构和运行机制,最后给出了基于Web的管理信息系统框架。%The paper discusses the relation of operational activities and decision support activities, analyses the architecture and management mechanism of the management information systems integrated online operational processing system, decision support system, and executive information system etc. Finally, the realizing method of management information system based on Website is put forward.

  15. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  16. A Three-Tier Publish Architecture of Web Information%一种Web信息的三级发布体系结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何军; 周明天; 李幼平

    2001-01-01

    提出了一种WWW信息的三级发布体系结构,用于大规模用户共享海量信息。它通过信息的三级发布和数据冗余存储将有用信息及时送给用户,使用户获取网上信息的方式由传统的访问远程静态数据库变为访问动态数据流,并从动态数据流中选择符合用户个性化需求的数据下载到本地机中,供用户离线浏览,从而极大地提高了响应速度。该体系结构具有较高的可伸缩性,可节省网络带宽、减轻服务器负载。%This paper presents a three-tier publish architecture of WWW information which is used for mass users to share mass information.It sends useful information to users by three-tier information publish and data redundant storage,and changes the mode of acquiring network information from accessing remotely static database to access dynamic data stream,It selects data which satisfied users'interesting from dynamic data stream and downloads to local machines for users to browse WWW information off-line.So the response speed has been greatly enhanced.This architecture has higher salability,saves network bandwidth,relieves server load.

  17. SME2EM: Smart mobile end-to-end monitoring architecture for life-long diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serhani, Mohamed Adel; Menshawy, Mohamed El; Benharref, Abdelghani

    2016-01-01

    Monitoring life-long diseases requires continuous measurements and recording of physical vital signs. Most of these diseases are manifested through unexpected and non-uniform occurrences and behaviors. It is impractical to keep patients in hospitals, health-care institutions, or even at home for long periods of time. Monitoring solutions based on smartphones combined with mobile sensors and wireless communication technologies are a potential candidate to support complete mobility-freedom, not only for patients, but also for physicians. However, existing monitoring architectures based on smartphones and modern communication technologies are not suitable to address some challenging issues, such as intensive and big data, resource constraints, data integration, and context awareness in an integrated framework. This manuscript provides a novel mobile-based end-to-end architecture for live monitoring and visualization of life-long diseases. The proposed architecture provides smartness features to cope with continuous monitoring, data explosion, dynamic adaptation, unlimited mobility, and constrained devices resources. The integration of the architecture׳s components provides information about diseases׳ recurrences as soon as they occur to expedite taking necessary actions, and thus prevent severe consequences. Our architecture system is formally model-checked to automatically verify its correctness against designers׳ desirable properties at design time. Its components are fully implemented as Web services with respect to the SOA architecture to be easy to deploy and integrate, and supported by Cloud infrastructure and services to allow high scalability, availability of processes and data being stored and exchanged. The architecture׳s applicability is evaluated through concrete experimental scenarios on monitoring and visualizing states of epileptic diseases. The obtained theoretical and experimental results are very promising and efficiently satisfy the proposed

  18. SME2EM: Smart mobile end-to-end monitoring architecture for life-long diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serhani, Mohamed Adel; Menshawy, Mohamed El; Benharref, Abdelghani

    2016-01-01

    Monitoring life-long diseases requires continuous measurements and recording of physical vital signs. Most of these diseases are manifested through unexpected and non-uniform occurrences and behaviors. It is impractical to keep patients in hospitals, health-care institutions, or even at home for long periods of time. Monitoring solutions based on smartphones combined with mobile sensors and wireless communication technologies are a potential candidate to support complete mobility-freedom, not only for patients, but also for physicians. However, existing monitoring architectures based on smartphones and modern communication technologies are not suitable to address some challenging issues, such as intensive and big data, resource constraints, data integration, and context awareness in an integrated framework. This manuscript provides a novel mobile-based end-to-end architecture for live monitoring and visualization of life-long diseases. The proposed architecture provides smartness features to cope with continuous monitoring, data explosion, dynamic adaptation, unlimited mobility, and constrained devices resources. The integration of the architecture׳s components provides information about diseases׳ recurrences as soon as they occur to expedite taking necessary actions, and thus prevent severe consequences. Our architecture system is formally model-checked to automatically verify its correctness against designers׳ desirable properties at design time. Its components are fully implemented as Web services with respect to the SOA architecture to be easy to deploy and integrate, and supported by Cloud infrastructure and services to allow high scalability, availability of processes and data being stored and exchanged. The architecture׳s applicability is evaluated through concrete experimental scenarios on monitoring and visualizing states of epileptic diseases. The obtained theoretical and experimental results are very promising and efficiently satisfy the proposed

  19. Collaborative web hosting challenges and research directions

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Reaz

    2014-01-01

    This brief presents a peer-to-peer (P2P) web-hosting infrastructure (named pWeb) that can transform networked, home-entertainment devices into lightweight collaborating Web servers for persistently storing and serving multimedia and web content. The issues addressed include ensuring content availability, Plexus routing and indexing, naming schemes, web ID, collaborative web search, network architecture and content indexing. In pWeb, user-generated voluminous multimedia content is proactively uploaded to a nearby network location (preferably within the same LAN or at least, within the same ISP)

  20. Attacks on Emerging Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna, Steven Craig

    2012-01-01

    New architectures require careful examination of security properties in order to assess and contain new threats. In light of this, emerging technologies, such as web APIs, medical devices, and applications on mobile phones, are a new security landscape that has recurring security problems. We develop new techniques to analyze these applications for security vulnerabilities, utilizing techniques including: dynamic symbolic execution, binary analysis and reverse engineering, and wide scale appl...

  1. Terra Harvest software architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humeniuk, Dave; Klawon, Kevin

    2012-06-01

    Under the Terra Harvest Program, the DIA has the objective of developing a universal Controller for the Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) community. The mission is to define, implement, and thoroughly document an open architecture that universally supports UGS missions, integrating disparate systems, peripherals, etc. The Controller's inherent interoperability with numerous systems enables the integration of both legacy and future UGS System (UGSS) components, while the design's open architecture supports rapid third-party development to ensure operational readiness. The successful accomplishment of these objectives by the program's Phase 3b contractors is demonstrated via integration of the companies' respective plug-'n'-play contributions that include controllers, various peripherals, such as sensors, cameras, etc., and their associated software drivers. In order to independently validate the Terra Harvest architecture, L-3 Nova Engineering, along with its partner, the University of Dayton Research Institute, is developing the Terra Harvest Open Source Environment (THOSE), a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) running on an embedded Linux Operating System. The Use Cases on which the software is developed support the full range of UGS operational scenarios such as remote sensor triggering, image capture, and data exfiltration. The Team is additionally developing an ARM microprocessor-based evaluation platform that is both energy-efficient and operationally flexible. The paper describes the overall THOSE architecture, as well as the design decisions for some of the key software components. Development process for THOSE is discussed as well.

  2. Research and Application of Web Architecture Based on SSH and Highcharts%基于SSH与Highcharts整合架构的Web应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建军; 刘虎; 倪芳英

    2013-01-01

    当前广泛使用的Struts+Spring+Hibernate架构提供了低耦合、易维护的轻量级J2EE软件开发模型,可用来构建高质量的Web应用。为了解决当前设备管理中存在的设备标识不统一、信息化程度低等问题,实现设备的科学化管理,通过研究SSH架构及Highcharts技术框架,并以此为基础开发了设备管理支持系统。实验结果表明:SSH框架的使用不仅简化了系统的开发过程,同时也提高了系统的可扩展性和可维护性;而Highcharts是一个真正意义上的跨语言、兼容性强、实时显示的开源框架,在Web级图表创建方面具有较强的优势。%Now the popular Struts+Spring+Hibernate framework provides a weak coupling,easily maintainable,lightweight J2EE software development model,which helps to build high-quality Web applications. The scientific management of equipments may be achieved by addressing inconsistent equipment ID and low degree of management in equipment management. Through researching of SSH framework and Highcharts technology,an equipment management support system is introduced,which is based on SSH and Highcharts. The conclu-sion is drawn that the using of SSH frame not only simplifies the development process of the system,but also increases the expansibility and maintainability of the system,and Highcharts is an across-languages,compatibility,real-time display of the open source framework, and has a strong advantage in creating Web-level charts.

  3. REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE FOR SMAC SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shankar Kambhampaty

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Web and internet computing is evolving into a combination of social media, mobile, analytics and cloud (SMAC solutions. There is a need for an integrated approach when developing solutions that address web scale requirements with technologies that enable SMAC solutions. This paper presents an architecture model for the integrated approach that can form the basis for solutions and result in reuse, integration and agility for the business and IT in an enterprise.

  4. Architectural Contestation

    OpenAIRE

    Merle, J.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the reductive reading of Georges Bataille's work done within the field of architectural criticism and theory which tends to set aside the fundamental ‘broken’ totality of Bataille's oeuvre and also to narrowly interpret it as a mere critique of architectural form, consequently presenting it either as the negation of all form of architecture or as the critique of 'classical' architectural forms. Against this ‘appropriation’, i.e. this reductive reading and the subse...

  5. Architecture & Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Mary; Delahunt, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Most art teachers would agree that architecture is an important form of visual art, but they do not always include it in their curriculums. In this article, the authors share core ideas from "Architecture and Environment," a teaching resource that they developed out of a long-term interest in teaching architecture and their fascination with the…

  6. Writing for the web composing, coding, and constructing web sites

    CERN Document Server

    Applen, JD

    2013-01-01

    Writing for the Web unites theory, technology, and practice to explore writing and hypertext for website creation. It integrates such key topics as XHTML/CSS coding, writing (prose) for the Web, the rhetorical needs of the audience, theories of hypertext, usability and architecture, and the basics of web site design and technology. Presenting information in digestible parts, this text enables students to write and construct realistic and manageable Web sites with a strong theoretical understanding of how online texts communicate to audiences. Key features of the book

  7. Mobile Web for Pervasive environments - design webexperiences for multiple mobile devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Riisgaard

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present an architecture for designing web pages that uses multiple mobile and stationary devices to present web content. The architecture extends standard web technology with a number of functions for expressing how web content might migrate and use multiple displays...

  8. 基于云架构的交通感知数据集成处理平台%An Intergrated Processing Platform for Traffic Sensor Data Based on Cloud Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵卓峰; 丁维龙; 韩燕波

    2016-01-01

    With the continuous expansion of the scope of traffic sensor networks ,traffic sensor data becomes widely available and is continuously being produced .Traffic sensor data gathered by large amounts of sensors shows the massive , continuous , streaming and spatio‐temporal characteristics compared with traditional traffic data .How to provide intergrated support for multi‐source ,massive and continuous traffic sensor data processing is becoming one key issue of the implementation of diversified traffic applications . However ,due to the absence of support for spatio‐temporal traffic sensor data ,it is difficult to develop corresponding applications and optimize the data transfer among different nodes in currenent distributed computing platforms . In this paper , we propose a traffic domain‐specific processing model based on spatio‐temporal data object . The spatio‐temporal data object is treated as the first‐class object in the distributed processing model .According to the model , we implement an intergrated processing platform for traffic sensor data based on the share‐nothing architecture of cloud computing , which is designed to combine spatio‐temporal data partition , pipelined parallel processing and stream computing to support traffic sensor data processing in a scalable architecture with real‐time guarantee . Applications of the platform in real project and experiments based on real traffice sensor data show that our platform excels in performance and extensibility compared with traditional traffic sensor data processing system .%海量、多源、不间断的交通感知数据环境下,如何提供集成化的交通感知数据处理支持是多样化交通应用实施中的难点。现有的通用计算框架及平台由于缺少对具有时空相关等特征的交通感知数据和应用间交通感知数据共享的支持,使得交通感知数据处理应用的开发存在较高的复杂性并且易于造成大量重复的数据

  9. Fault tolerant architecture for artificial olfactory system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, to cover and mask the faults that occur in the sensing unit of an artificial olfactory system, a novel architecture is offered. The proposed architecture is able to tolerate failures in the sensors of the array and the faults that occur are masked. The proposed architecture for extracting the correct results from the output of the sensors can provide the quality of service for generated data from the sensor array. The results of various evaluations and analysis proved that the proposed architecture has acceptable performance in comparison with the classic form of the sensor array in gas identification. According to the results, achieving a high odor discrimination based on the suggested architecture is possible. (paper)

  10. Fault tolerant architecture for artificial olfactory system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfivand, Nasser; Nizar Hamidon, Mohd; Abdolzadeh, Vida

    2015-05-01

    In this paper, to cover and mask the faults that occur in the sensing unit of an artificial olfactory system, a novel architecture is offered. The proposed architecture is able to tolerate failures in the sensors of the array and the faults that occur are masked. The proposed architecture for extracting the correct results from the output of the sensors can provide the quality of service for generated data from the sensor array. The results of various evaluations and analysis proved that the proposed architecture has acceptable performance in comparison with the classic form of the sensor array in gas identification. According to the results, achieving a high odor discrimination based on the suggested architecture is possible.

  11. Sensor Web 现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文俊; 詹易生; 曹东

    2003-01-01

    1 概述 随意散落在几平方公里土地上的小传感器组成的无线网络,也许横过火星表面或进入苍翠繁茂的热带雨林之内.每个胡桃大小的采集仪如同一个乒乓球球,因有一定重量而底部入地,并且露出它的太阳板在外.

  12. Use of World Wide Web and NCSA Mcsaic at Langley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Michael

    1994-01-01

    A brief history of the use of the World Wide Web at Langley Research Center is presented along with architecture of the Langley Web. Benefits derived from the Web and some Langley projects that have employed the World Wide Web are discussed.

  13. The Simulation Intranet Architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmes, V.P.; Linebarger, J.M.; Miller, D.J.; Vandewart, R.L.

    1998-12-02

    The Simdarion Infranet (S1) is a term which is being used to dcscribc one element of a multidisciplinary distributed and distance computing initiative known as DisCom2 at Sandia National Laboratory (http ct al. 1998). The Simulation Intranet is an architecture for satisfying Sandia's long term goal of providing an end- to-end set of scrviccs for high fidelity full physics simu- lations in a high performance, distributed, and distance computing environment. The Intranet Architecture group was formed to apply current distributed object technologies to this problcm. For the hardware architec- tures and software models involved with the current simulation process, a CORBA-based architecture is best suited to meet Sandia's needs. This paper presents the initial desi-a and implementation of this Intranct based on a three-tier Network Computing Architecture(NCA). The major parts of the architecture include: the Web Cli- ent, the Business Objects, and Data Persistence.

  14. Effective Web Design and Core Communication Issues: The Missing Components in Web-Based Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burch, Randall O.

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of Web-based distance education focuses on communication issues. Highlights include Internet communications; components of a Web site, including site architecture, user interface, information delivery method, and mode of feedback; elements of Web design, including conceptual design, sensory design, and reactive design; and a Web…

  15. Wireless robot control via web interface

    OpenAIRE

    Kastelic, Klemen

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis we developed a prototype robot, which can be controlled by user via web interface and is accessible trough a web browser. Web interface updates sensor data and streams video captured with the web-cam mounted on the robot in real-time. Raspberry Pi computer runs the back-end code of the thesis. General purpose input-output header on Raspberry Pi communicates with motor driver and sensors. Wireless dongle and web-cam connected trough USB, ensure wireless communication and vid...

  16. Web Application Frameworks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina ENACHE

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As modern browsers become more powerful with rich features, building full-blown web applications in JavaScript is not only feasible, but increasingly popular. Based on trends on HTTP Archive, deployed JavaScript code size has grown 45% over the course of the year. MVC offers architectural benefits over standard JavaScript — it helps you write better organized, and therefore more maintainable code. This pattern has been used and extensively tested over multiple languages and generations of programmers. It's no coincidence that many of the most popular web programming frameworks also encapsulate MVC principles: Django, Ruby on Rails, CakePHP, Struts, or Laravell.

  17. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perrucci, GP; Fitzek, FHP; Zhang, Qi;

    2009-01-01

    This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data...... extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short...

  18. Catalyst Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans; Marling, Gitte; Hansen, Peter Mandal

    2014-01-01

    How can architecture promote the enriching experiences of the tolerant, the democratic, and the learning city - a city worth living in, worth supporting and worth investing in? Catalyst Architecture comprises architectural projects, which, by virtue of their location, context and their combinatio...... meaningful for everyone. The exhibited works are designed by SANAA, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, James Corner Field Operation, JBMC Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Atelier Bow-Wow, Ateliers Jean Nouvel, COBE, Transform, BIG, Topotek1, Superflex, and by visual artist Jane Maria Petersen....

  19. Software architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Vogel, Oliver; Chughtai, Arif

    2011-01-01

    As a software architect you work in a wide-ranging and dynamic environment. You have to understand the needs of your customer, design architectures that satisfy both functional and non-functional requirements, and lead development teams in implementing the architecture. And it is an environment that is constantly changing: trends such as cloud computing, service orientation, and model-driven procedures open up new architectural possibilities. This book will help you to develop a holistic architectural awareness and knowledge base that extends beyond concrete methods, techniques, and technologi

  20. Miniaturized wireless sensor network

    CERN Document Server

    Lecointre, Aubin; Dubuc, David; Katia, Grenier; Patrick, Pons; Aubert, Hervé; Muller, A; Berthou, Pascal; Gayraud, Thierry; Plana, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses an overview of the wireless sensor networks. It is shown that MEMS/NEMS technologies and SIP concept are well suited for advanced architectures. It is also shown analog architectures have to be compatible with digital signal techniques to develop smart network of microsystem.

  1. Wireless Sensor Networks Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perotti, Jose M.

    2003-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation provides information on hardware and software configurations for a network architecture for sensors. The hardware configuration uses a central station and remote stations. The software configuration uses the 'lost station' software algorithm. The presentation profiles a couple current examples of this network architecture in use.

  2. GENERAL WEB KNOWLEDGE MINING FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Madasamy

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Mining the web is defined as discovering knowledge from hypertext and World Wide Web. The World Wide Web is one of the longest rising areas of intelligence gathering. Now a day there are billions of web pages, HTML archive accessible via the internet, and the number is still increasing. However, considering the inspiring diversity of the web, retrieving of interestingness web based content has become a very complex task. The large amount of data heterogeneity, complex format, high dimensional data and lack of structure of web, knowledge mining is a challenging task. In this paper, it is proposed to introduce a new framework generated to handle unstructured complex data. This web knowledge mining expertise brings forward a kind of XML-based distributed data mining architecture. Based on the research of web knowledge mining, XML is used to create well structured data. Web knowledge mining framework attempts to determine useful knowledge from derived data, complex format, and high dimensional data obtained from the interactions of the users through the Web.

  3. A proposed architecture for emergency response systems based on Digital Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dapeng; Cheng, Chengqi

    2010-11-01

    Emergencies are incidents that threaten public safety, health and welfare. Many disastrous emergency events that happened in recent years have drawn great attention to more effective Emergency Response Systems (ERS). ERS need to integrate various kinds of information to support quick emergency response. Digital Earth can solve data interoperation and information integration problems in emergency response. This paper aims to establish the system architecture for quick emergency response based on relevant principles and technologies in the domain of Digital Earth. First, this paper analyzes the system requirements of ERS in terms of information integration, fast data access, timeliness and information updating, etc. Second, this paper explores the useful principles and technologies in Digital Earth and discusses how to incorporate them into the architecture of ERS. More attention is paid to Open Geospatial Consortium's Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) information standards. Furthermore, Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Location-Based Services (LBS) are also reviewed and the "From Sensor to User" application pattern in emergency response is put forward. Finally, a system architecture based on Digital Earth is proposed for ERS.

  4. Architectural geometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pottmann, Helmut; Eigensatz, Michael; Vaxman, A.; Wallner, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    Around 2005 it became apparent in the geometry processing community that freeform architecture contains many problems of a geometric nature to be solved, and many opportunities for optimization which however require geometric understanding. This area of research, which has been called architectural

  5. Architecture Sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Avgeriou, Paris; Stal, Michael; Hilliard, Rich

    2013-01-01

    Software architecture is the foundation of software system development, encompassing a system's architects' and stakeholders' strategic decisions. A special issue of IEEE Software is intended to raise awareness of architecture sustainability issues and increase interest and work in the area. The fir

  6. Architectural Contestation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merle, J.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the reductive reading of Georges Bataille's work done within the field of architectural criticism and theory which tends to set aside the fundamental ‘broken’ totality of Bataille's oeuvre and also to narrowly interpret it as a mere critique of architectural form, consequ

  7. Web Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Deshpande, Yogesh; Murugesan, San; Ginige, Athula; Hansen, Steve; Schwabe, Daniel; Gaedke, Martin; White, Bebo

    2003-01-01

    Web Engineering is the application of systematic, disciplined and quantifiable approaches to development, operation, and maintenance of Web-based applications. It is both a pro-active approach and a growing collection of theoretical and empirical research in Web application development. This paper gives an overview of Web Engineering by addressing the questions: a) why is it needed? b) what is its domain of operation? c) how does it help and what should it do to improve Web application develo...

  8. Systemic Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poletto, Marco; Pasquero, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This is a manual investigating the subject of urban ecology and systemic development from the perspective of architectural design. It sets out to explore two main goals: to discuss the contemporary relevance of a systemic practice to architectural design, and to share a toolbox of informational...... design protocols developed to describe the city as a territory of self-organization. Collecting together nearly a decade of design experiments by the authors and their practice, ecoLogicStudio, the book discusses key disciplinary definitions such as ecologic urbanism, algorithmic architecture, bottom......-up or tactical design, behavioural space and the boundary of the natural and the artificial realms within the city and architecture. A new kind of "real-time world-city" is illustrated in the form of an operational design manual for the assemblage of proto-architectures, the incubation of proto...

  9. Wireless Sensors Network (Sensornet)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perotti, J.

    2003-01-01

    The Wireless Sensor Network System presented in this paper provides a flexible reconfigurable architecture that could be used in a broad range of applications. It also provides a sensor network with increased reliability; decreased maintainability costs, and assured data availability by autonomously and automatically reconfiguring to overcome communication interferences.

  10. Improvements to Web Toolkits for Antelope-based Real-time Monitoring Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindquist, K. G.; Newman, R. L.; Vernon, F. L.; Hansen, T. S.; Orcutt, J.

    2005-12-01

    The Antelope Environmental Monitoring System (http://www.brtt.com) is a robust middleware architecture for near-real-time data collection, analysis, archiving and distribution. Antelope has an extensive toolkit allowing users to interact directly with their datasets. A rudimentary interface was developed in previous work between Antelope and the web-scripting language PHP (The PHP language is described in more detail at http://www.php.net). This interface allowed basic application development for remote access to and interaction with near-real-time data through a World Wide Web interface. We have added over 70 new functions for the Antelope interface to PHP, providing a solid base for web-scripting of near-real-time Antelope database applications. In addition, we have designed a new structure for web sites to be created from the Antelope platform, including PHP applications and Perl CGI scripts as well as static pages. Finally we have constructed the first version of the dbwebproject program, designed to dynamically create and maintain web-sites from specified recipes. These tools have already proven valuable for the creation of web tools for the dissemination of and interaction with near-real-time data streams from multi-signal-domain real-time sensor networks. We discuss current and future directions of this work in the context of the ROADNet project. Examples and applications of these core tools are elaborated in a companion presentation in this session (Newman et al., AGU 2005, session IN06).

  11. Application of Two-Level Tree Architecture Wireless Sensor Network in Manufacturing Workshop%两级树模型无线传感网络在制造现场的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴金娇; 刘树青; 程玉才

    2011-01-01

    针对制造现场信息采集和传送的特点,采用基于Zigbee标准的两级树模型无线传感网络来实现制造现场信息的实时准确的采集和传送,开发了简洁实用的协议栈软件.最后建立了B/S架构的制造现场系统软件平台,在基于网络公共数据库的基础上实现现场信息的系统集成.%Based on Zigbee specification, it builds the two - level tree topology wireless sensor network for information acquisition and transmission at manufacturing workshop.In wireless sensor network, the status messages of CNC equipment can be gathered and transmitted instantly and accurately.According the characteristics of local information acquisition at workshop, it develops a simple and practical protocol stack system and the system of locale information acquisition based on B/S architecture, integrates the information of workshop with common database.

  12. Ultra-high density out-of-plane strain sensor 3D architecture based on sub-20 nm PMOS FinFET

    KAUST Repository

    Ghoneim, Mohamed T.

    2016-02-03

    Future wearable electronics require not only flexibility but also preservation of the perks associated with today\\'s high-performance, traditional silicon electronics. In this work we demonstrate a state-of-the-art fin-shaped field-effect transistor (FinFET)-based, out-of-plane strain sensor on flexible silicon through transforming the bulk device in a transfer-less process. The device preserves the functionality and high performance associated with its bulk, inflexible state. Furthermore, gate leakage current shows sufficient dependence on the value of the applied out-of-plane strain that enables permits use of the flexible device as a switching device as well as a strain sensor.

  13. Web Services Architecture for M-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Sushil K.; Kitchens, Fred L.

    2004-01-01

    The academic environment is undergoing a major shift, as increasing numbers of schools are ready to offer courses using mobile technology for economic and other reasons both from an instructor and student perspective. The mobile learning (m-learning) approach would necessitate changes in pedagogy, educational roles, curricular content, and…

  14. Humanizing Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tanya Søndergaard

    2015-01-01

    The article proposes the urban digital gallery as an opportunity to explore the relationship between ‘human’ and ‘technology,’ through the programming of media architecture. It takes a curatorial perspective when proposing an ontological shift from considering media facades as visual spectacles...... agency and a sense of being by way of dematerializing architecture. This is achieved by way of programming the symbolic to provide new emotional realizations and situations of enlightenment in the public audience. This reflects a greater potential to humanize the digital in media architecture....

  15. Healing Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folmer, Mette Blicher; Mullins, Michael; Frandsen, Anne Kathrine

    2012-01-01

    The project examines how architecture and design of space in the intensive unit promotes or hinders interaction between relatives and patients. The primary starting point is the relatives. Relatives’ support and interaction with their loved ones is important in order to promote the patients healing...... process. Therefore knowledge on how space can support interaction is fundamental for the architect, in order to make the best design solutions. Several scientific studies document that the hospital's architecture and design are important for human healing processes, including how the physical environment...... architectural and design solutions in order to improve quality of interaction between relative and patient in the hospital's intensive unit....

  16. Architectural technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    The booklet offers an overall introduction to the Institute of Architectural Technology and its projects and activities, and an invitation to the reader to contact the institute or the individual researcher for further information. The research, which takes place at the Institute of Architectural...... Technology at the Roayl Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, reflects a spread between strategic, goal-oriented pilot projects, commissioned by a ministry, a fund or a private company, and on the other hand projects which originate from strong personal interests and enthusiasm of individual...

  17. Programming Web Services with SOAP

    CERN Document Server

    Snell, James L; Kulchenko, Pavel

    2002-01-01

    The web services architecture provides a new way to think about and implement application-to-application integration and interoperability that makes the development platform irrelevant. Two applications, regardless of operating system, programming language, or any other technical implementation detail, communicate using XML messages over open Internet protocols such as HTTP or SMTP. The Simple Open Access Protocol (SOAP) is a specification that details how to encode that information and has become the messaging protocol of choice for Web services.Programming Web Services with SOAP is a detail

  18. PREDICTING PERFORMANCE OF WEB SERVICES USING SMTQA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch Ram Mohan Reddy

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Web Service is an interface which implements business logic. Performance is an important quality aspect of Web services because of their distributed nature. Predicting the performance of web services during early stages of software development is significant. In this paper we model web service using Unified Modeling Language, Use Case Diagram, Sequence Diagram. We obtain the Performance metrics by simulating the web services model using a simulation tool Simulation of Multi-Tier Queuing Architecture. We have identified the bottle neck resources.

  19. Early Performance Prediction of Web Services

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, Ch Ram Mohan; Srinivasa, K G; Kumar, T V Suresh; Kanth, K Rajani

    2012-01-01

    Web Service is an interface which implements business logic. Performance is an important quality aspect of Web services because of their distributed nature. Predicting the performance of web services during early stages of software development is significant. In this paper we model web service using Unified Modeling Language, Use Case Diagram, Sequence Diagram, Deployment Diagram. We obtain the Performance metrics by simulating the web services model using a simulation tool Simulation of Multi-Tier Queuing Architecture. We have identified the bottle neck resources.

  20. Architectural Theatricality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvedebrink, Tenna Doktor Olsen; Fisker, Anna Marie; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    2013-01-01

    and recovery through the architecture framing eating experiences, this article examines, from a theoretical perspective, two less debated concepts relating to hospitality called food design and architectural theatricality. In architectural theory the nineteenth century German architect Gottfried Semper...... is known for his writings on theatricality, understood as a holistic design approach emphasizing the contextual, cultural, ritual and social meanings rooted in architecture. Relative hereto, the International Food Design Society recently argued, in a similar holistic manner, that the methodology used...... to provide an aesthetic eating experience includes knowledge on both food and design. Based on a hermeneutic reading of Semper’s theory, our thesis is that this holistic design approach is important when debating concepts of hospitality in hospitals. We use this approach to argue for how ‘food design...