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Sample records for sen hyoedyntaeminen prosessivalvonnassa

  1. On-line determination of anions in pulp mills by capillary electrophoresis (CE); Tehdasoloissa tapahtuva anionien kapillaarielektroforeettinen on-line maeaeritys ja sen hyoedyntaeminen prosessivalvonnassa - MPKY 02

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kokkonen, R.; Holmberg, M.; Vainikka, V. [Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    The aim of the study was to set-up a process control system for on-line measurement of certain anions. Typical anions which forms precipitates in pulp and paper mills are oxalate, carbonate and sulphate. Thus it is important to develop a continuous process analyzing system to control concentration levels of this anions. For the preliminary tests of continuous determinations of chloride and sulphate anions in tap water a simple on-line system was build in KCL (The Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Institute) and connected to a capillary electroforesis apparatus. In the preliminary tests a chromate buffer (ph = 7.6) was used. Separation of chloride and sulphate was excellent but the stability of buffer was not good enough and it was usable only for few hours. After experimental studies VTT developed a stable capillary electrophoresis method based on mixed amine buffer and this was selected for an on-line method for determination of anions in process waters of the pulp and paper industry. In the preliminary on-line test (r = 20) repeatabilities of migration times of sulphate and chloride with the chromate buffer were < 5 % (RSD) and peak heights < 15 % (RSD). With the mixed amine buffer repeatabilities were better. The preliminary tests showed that it is possible to connect a capillary electrophoresis system to on-line measurements. For the moment no commercial on-line CE apparatus is available. (orig.)

  2. S P Sen Gupta

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. S P Sen Gupta. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 24 Issue 2 April 2001 pp 173-180. Particle fracture and plastic deformation in vanadium pentoxide powders induced by high energy vibrational ball-mill · Partha Chatterjee S P Sen Gupta Suchitra Sen.

  3. Soma Sen Roy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Soma Sen Roy. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 119 Issue 2 April 2010 pp 183-199. Doppler weather Radar based Nowcasting of cyclone Ogni · Soma Sen Roy V Lakshmanan S K Roy Bhowmik S B Thampi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  4. D P Sen Gupta

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 12 Issue 3 March 2007 pp 54-69 General Article. The Legacy of Nikola Tesla - The AC System that he Helped to Usher in · D P Sen Gupta · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 12 Issue 4 April 2007 pp 69-79 General Article. The Legacy of Nikola Tesla - AC Power System and its Growth in India · D P Sen Gupta.

  5. Sen, Prof. Abhijit

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1995 Section: Physics. Sen, Prof. Abhijit Ph.D. (Tennessee), FNASc, FNA Council Service: 2010-12. Date of birth: 4 January 1946. Specialization: Plasma Physics, Nonlinear Dynamics and Free Electron Lasers Address: Emeritus Professor, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat Contact ...

  6. Sen, Prof. Ashoke

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 15 July 1956. Specialization: Superstring Theory Address: Professor, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019, U.P.. Contact: Office: (0532) 227 4302. Residence: (0532) 227 4002. Fax: (0532) 256 9576. Email: sen@hri.res.in. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  7. Sen, Prof. Ashoke

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ph.D. (SUNY, Stony Brook), FNA, FNASc, FRS. Date of birth: 15 July 1956. Specialization: Superstring Theory Address: Professor, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019, U.P.. Contact: Office: (0532) 227 4302. Residence: (0532) 227 4002. Fax: (0532) 256 9576. Email: sen@hri.res.

  8. UNITEC SENS-IT

    Science.gov (United States)

    The UniTec Sens-It is a small gas-sensing device that can measure volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This sensor is used to measure VOCs in applications such as urban air quality, roadside pollution, and (solid waste) landfill monitoring. This operating procedure explains what yo...

  9. Pelipiratismi ja sen vastaiset keinot

    OpenAIRE

    Suomi, Mikko; Marin, Ville

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää videopeleihin kohdistuvan verkkopiratismin vaikutuksia videopelejä valmistavien yritysten toimintaan ja päätöksiin. Toinen opinnäytetyön tavoite oli selvittää piratismin vastaisia keinoja, niiden toimivuutta ja tulevaisuutta. Työssä käytiin läpi pelipiratismin historiaa, videopelien tuotantoa, pelialan yrityksiä sekä piratismia ja sen luonnetta yleisesti. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuuteen käytettiin kirjallisia sekä sähköisiä lähteitä. Kirjalliset...

  10. Bifurcated SEN with Fluid Flow Conditioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Rivera-Perez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluates the performance of a novel design for a bifurcated submerged entry nozzle (SEN used for the continuous casting of steel slabs. The proposed design incorporates fluid flow conditioners attached on SEN external wall. The fluid flow conditioners impose a pseudosymmetric pattern in the upper zone of the mold by inhibiting the fluid exchange between the zones created by conditioners. The performance of the SEN with fluid flow conditioners is analyzed through numerical simulations using the CFD technique. Numerical results were validated by means of physical simulations conducted on a scaled cold water model. Numerical and physical simulations confirmed that the performance of the proposed SEN is superior to a traditional one. Fluid flow conditioners reduce the liquid free surface fluctuations and minimize the occurrence of vortexes at the free surface.

  11. Diætetikkens væsen og uvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Frank Juul

    Afhandlingens emne er, som titlen afslører, diætetikkens væsen og uvæsen. Afhandlingen har karakter af en filosofisk kritik af en dystopisk tendens ved den klassiske diætetik. Det er således om denne tendens, afhandlingens problemstilling, hovedtese og argumentation kredser. Dens problemstilling ...

  12. Sens au travail et management du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Frémeaux, Sandrine

    2014-01-01

    Se définissant comme une activité qui a un but (Brief et Nord, 1990), le travail répond au besoin humain de donner sens (Maslow, 1964). D’un côté, les sujets cherchent davantage aujourd’hui à donner sens à leur travail (Clot, 2008), celui-ci devenant l’objet d’une demande nouvelle de réalisation de soi. D’un autre côté, les entreprises tendent à se focaliser sur les évolutions externes liées à la financiarisation de l’économie et à la mondialisation et à perdre de vue le sens au travail. Et m...

  13. HRR Field in an Aluminum SEN Specimen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    edge notched, 2024-T3, 2024-0, and 5052 -H32 aluminum alloy specimens subjected to uniaxial and biaxial loadings [4,5,6]. One of the objectives of this...Contract N00014-89-J-1276 Technical Report No. UWA/DME/TR-89/63 00 HRR FIELD IN AN ALUMINUM SEN SPECIMENrkft Ln1 0 by M.S. Dadkhah and A.S. Kobayashi...Washington ~ dY~LI3OI k t*a U1PA09Q111 89 02Ieja II A I 6 I HRR FIELD IN AN ALUMINUM SEN SPECIMEN Mahyar Dadkhah ° and Albert S. Kobayashi** ABSTRACT Moire

  14. Amartya Sen's Capability Approach and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Melanie

    2005-01-01

    The human capabilities approach developed by the economist Amartya Sen links development, quality of life and freedom. This article explores the key ideas in the capability approach of: capability, functioning, agency, human diversity and public participation in generating valued capabilities. It then considers how these ideas relate specifically…

  15. Erasmus Mundus SEN: The Inclusive Scholarship Programme?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinbergs, Christopher J.; Jones, Hilary

    2013-01-01

    The Erasmus Mundus MA/Mgr in Special Education Needs (EM SEN) was created as a Masters Course funded by the European Commission's Erasmus Mundus Programme (EMP) to challenge and educate students in inclusive policy and practice in education. Yet, it is debatable the extent to which this programme embodies the values of an inclusive approach,…

  16. Sen2Cor for Sentinel-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Main-Knorn, Magdalena; Pflug, Bringfried; Louis, Jerome; Debaecker, Vincent; Müller-Wilm, Uwe; Gascon, Ferran

    2017-10-01

    In the frame of the Copernicus programme, ESA has developed and launched the Sentinel-2 optical imaging mission that delivers optical data products designed to feed downstream services mainly related to land monitoring, emergency management and security. The Sentinel-2 mission is the constellation of two polar orbiting satellites Sentinel-2A and Sentinel-2B, each one equipped with an optical imaging sensor MSI (Multi-Spectral Instrument). Sentinel-2A was launched on June 23rd, 2015 and Sentinel-2B followed on March 7th, 2017. With the beginning of the operational phase the constellation of both satellites enable image acquisition over the same area every 5 days or less. To use unique potential of the Sentinel-2 data for land applications and ensure the highest quality of scientific exploitation, accurate correction of satellite images for atmospheric effects is required. Therefore the atmospheric correction processor Sen2Cor was developed by Telespazio VEGA Deutschland GmbH on behalf of ESA. Sen2Cor is a Level-2A processor which main purpose is to correct single-date Sentinel-2 Level-1C Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) products from the effects of the atmosphere in order to deliver a Level-2A Bottom-Of-Atmosphere (BOA) reflectance product. Additional outputs are an Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) map, a Water Vapour (WV) map and a Scene Classification (SCL) map with Quality Indicators for cloud and snow probabilities. Telespazio France and DLR have teamed up in order to provide the calibration and validation of the Sen2Cor processor. Here we provide an overview over the Sentinel-2 data, processor and products. It presents some processing examples of Sen2Cor applied to Sentinel-2 data, provides up-to-date information about the Sen2Cor release status and recent validation results at the time of the SPIE Remote Sensing 2017.

  17. Revising Amartya Sen's Capability Approach to Education for Ethical Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mok, Kwangsu; Jeong, Wongyu

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether Amartya Sen's capability approach can suggest an appropriate theory of education for ethical development. Many advocates of Sen's capability approach insist that his approach is superior to rival theories of education, including the human capital theory. This is because Sen emphasizes the purpose and…

  18. Johannes C. Sens 1928 – 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Johannes C. Sens working on the magnet of the first g-2 experiment in 1959. Johannes C. Sens, a physicist and engineer with a long association with CERN passed away from complications of surgery on 3 November 2008 in Nice, France. J.C. Sens, often known as "Hans", was considered one of the pioneers of the first muon g-2 experiments at CERN and an instrumental figure in the discovery of the fifth quark. Born in the Netherlands, Hans obtained a degree in engineering at the Technical University of Delft in 1953. He then enrolled at the University of Chicago and studied under Enrico Fermi. After Fermi’s passing, Hans gained his PhD working on muons with Valentin Telegdi at the University of Chicago. He came to CERN in 1958 at the same time as Leon Lederman and both worked on a study of the methods of measuring the muon g-2. In 1966, after working on various experiments with muons, Hans left CERN to join the Foundation for Fundament...

  19. Mentaaliharjoittelu osana pianonsoittoa ja sen opetusta

    OpenAIRE

    Hippeläinen, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Pedagogisessa opinnäytetyössä tutustutaan kuinka mentaaliharjoittelua pystytään soveltamaan pianonsoitossa ja sen opetuksessa. Työssä käsitellään mitä mentaaliharjoittelu on ja miten sitä voidaan hyödyntää pianon soittamisessa. Mentaaliharjoittelukokemuksista raportoidaan harjoituspäiväkirjan pohjalta. Osallistumalla eri-ikäisten oppilaiden soittotunneille kartoitetaan miten mentaaliharjoittelua hyödynnetään opetuksessa. Työssä esitellään harjoituksia, joiden avulla lukija voi kokeilla harjoi...

  20. Deciphering the Transcriptional Response Mediated by the Redox-Sensing System HbpS-SenS-SenR from Streptomycetes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Busche

    Full Text Available The secreted protein HbpS, the membrane-embedded sensor kinase SenS and the cytoplasmic response regulator SenR from streptomycetes have been shown to form a novel type of signaling pathway. Based on structural biology as well as different biochemical and biophysical approaches, redox stress-based post-translational modifications in the three proteins were shown to modulate the activity of this signaling pathway. In this study, we show that the homologous system, named here HbpSc-SenSc-SenRc, from the model species Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2 provides this bacterium with an efficient defense mechanism under conditions of oxidative stress. Comparative analyses of the transcriptomes of the Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2 wild-type and the generated hbpSc-senSc-senRc mutant under native and oxidative-stressing conditions allowed to identify differentially expressed genes, whose products may enhance the anti-oxidative defense of the bacterium. Amongst others, the results show an up-regulated transcription of genes for biosynthesis of cysteine and vitamin B12, transport of methionine and vitamin B12, and DNA synthesis and repair. Simultaneously, transcription of genes for degradation of an anti-oxidant compound is down-regulated in a HbpSc-SenSc-SenRc-dependent manner. It appears that HbpSc-SenSc-SenRc controls the non-enzymatic response of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2 to counteract the hazardous effects of oxidative stress. Binding of the response regulator SenRc to regulatory regions of some of the studied genes indicates that the regulation is direct. The results additionally suggest that HbpSc-SenSc-SenRc may act in concert with other regulatory modules such as a transcriptional regulator, a two-component system and the Streptomyces B12 riboswitch. The transcriptomics data, together with our previous in vitro results, enable a profound characterization of the HbpS-SenS-SenR system from streptomycetes. Since homologues to HbpS-SenS-SenR are

  1. Freedom, Development and Justice in Amartya Sen's Thought

    OpenAIRE

    Marinho, Neumalyna Lacerda Alves Dantas; Sabino, Carla Danielle Barreto de Sousa

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes the development, justice and freedom in the design of Amartya Sen. Understanding the new development as a process that goes beyond economic growth, Sen emphasizes the effect to substantive freedoms as essential to the new developmental dynamics. Moreover, envisions the withdrawal of these freedoms as major factors. As regards the foundations of justice, Amartya Sen points out the main informational basis of justice: utilitarianism, libertarianism and social justice Rawls...

  2. Identity and Commitment: Sen's Conception of the Individual

    OpenAIRE

    John B. Davis

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a conception of personal identity for Amartya Sen's capability framework that emphasizes his self-scrutinizing aspect of the self and related concept of commitment, and compares this conception to the collective intentionality-based one advanced in Davis (2003c). The paper also distinguishes personal identity and social identity, and contrasts Sen's framework with recent standard economics¿ explanation of social identity in terms of conformity. Sen's concept of commitment ...

  3. Sen and the collective choice Sen y la elección colectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Jorge Ivan

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Between Arrow and Sen there are two types of rupture. The first, in coherence with the founding premises of the impossibility theorems of Arrow, shows that it is feasible to find consistent processes of collective choice, as long as one is willing to give up axiomatic "puri ty". The second places Sen on very different ground than Arrow. Sen makes explicit the goodness of  interpersonal comparisons and does not hide his sympathies for cardinal mea sures of utility and welfare. He shows that if we accept that an individual j decides taking into account the welfare he would experience in the case of finding himself in situation x of a person i, then there is no other alternative than to make explicit the criterion of justice that underlies all collective choice.

    Entre Arrow y Sen hay dos tipos de ruptura. La primera que coherente con las premisas fundantes de los teoremas de imposibilidad de Arrow, muestra que es factible encontrar procesos de eleccion colectiva consistentes, siempre y cuando se esté dispuesto a renunciar a la 'pureza' axiomatica. La segunda coloca a Sen en un terreno muy diferente al de Arrow. Se hacen explicitas las bondades de las comparaciones interpersonales y no oculta sus simpatías por las medidas cardinales de utilidad y bienestar. Muestra que si se acepta que un individuo j decide teniendo en cuenta el bienestar que experimentaría en el caso de encontrarse en una situación x de una persona i, no queda más remedio que hacer explícito el criterio de justicia que subyace a toda elección colectiva.

  4. Amartya Sen and the Math- ematics of Collective Choice

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amartya Sen and the Math- ematics of Collective Choice. Bhaskar Duua. Sen's work on the causes of famines, gender dis- crimination and social and economic issues deal- ing with upliftment of the poor is largely known. However, he is better known among professional economists for his contributions in social choice.

  5. Does Exposure to Returning SEN Students Harm Peers’ Outcomes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rangvid, Beatrice Schindler

    Returning SEN (special educational needs) students from segregated settings to regular class rooms may have spill-over effects on their peers. Using a combination of survey data and data from administrative registers from Denmark, I investigate whether becoming exposed to returning SEN students...

  6. Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Kreisler, Harry

    2005-01-01

    Conversations host Harry Kreisler welcomes Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, Lamont University Professor, Harvard University, for a discussion of the interplay of economic theory and political philosophy in his work on public choice, development, and freedom. Sen recalls his own intellectual odyssey, commenting on some of the factors that shaped his thinking.

  7. Capability through Participatory Democracy: Sen, Freire, and Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glassman, Michael; Patton, Rikki

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores possible important relationships and sympathies between Amartya Sen's Capabilities Approach framework for understanding the human condition and the educational ideas of John Dewey and Paolo Freire. All three focus on the importance of democratic values in a fair, well-functioning society, while Sen and Freire especially…

  8. Sen and Sensibility | Clare | South African Journal of Philosophy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The procedure that Sen advocates is one of open impartial deliberation operationalised through Adam Smith's impartial spectator, which he contends is superior to contractarian view operationalised by Rawls' original position. In this paper we argue that Sen's open impartiality is too open and defend a more bounded ...

  9. Freedom, Development and Justice in Amartya Sen's Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neumalyna Lacerda Alves Dantas Marinho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the development, justice and freedom in the design of Amartya Sen. Understanding the new development as a process that goes beyond economic growth, Sen emphasizes the effect to substantive freedoms as essential to the new developmental dynamics. Moreover, envisions the withdrawal of these freedoms as major factors. As regards the foundations of justice, Amartya Sen points out the main informational basis of justice: utilitarianism, libertarianism and social justice Rawls, all with qualities but also limitations considering not taking into account the substantive freedoms. Using the deductive method, search out qualitative and literature.

  10. Séraphine de Senlis - kas esimene hipi? / Maris Meiessaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Prantsuse naivistlikust maalikunstnikust Séraphine Louis', kunstnikunimega Séraphine de Senlis, tema loomingust ning Prantsusmaa- Belgia 2008. a. eluloofilmist "Séraphine", režissöör Martin Provost, nimiosas Yolande Moreau

  11. Scalar clouds around Kerr–Sen black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huang, Yang; Liu, Dao-Jun; Zhai, Xiang-Hua; Li, Xin-Zhou

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the behaviour of a charged massive scalar test field in the background of a Kerr–Sen black hole is investigated. A type of stationary solutions, dubbed scalar clouds, are obtained numerically and expressed by the existence lines in the parameter space. We show that for fixed background and a given set of harmonic indices, the mass and charge of the scalar clouds are limited in a finite region in the parameter space of the scalar field. Particularly, the maximum values of the mass and charge of the clouds around extremal Kerr–Sen black holes are independent of the angular velocity of the black hole, whereas those in the extremal Kerr–Newman background depend on the angular velocity. In addition, it is demonstrated that, as the static limit of the Kerr–Sen black hole, the Gibbons–Maeda–Garfinkle–Horowitz–Strominger black hole cannot support scalar cloud. (paper)

  12. Amartya Sen: ethics and economics Amartya Sen. Ética y economía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Andrés

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay presents two contributions of the Amartya Sen to the debates over ethics and economics. First, his break with utilitarianist and welfarist ethics -the foundation of normative economics- and his call to modify the metrics of utility, the only 'field of information' that these normative traditions use to judge individual and social welfare, that is, people's opportunities, the impact of public policies and the
    success of social organizations. Second, his proposal for a valorization scheme that transcends the narrow conception of utilitarianism, which does not fall into ethical relativism and which incorpora tes the analysis of real rights and freedoms without taking refuge in deontological moral reasoning. With that, he demonstrates that one of his greatest contributions
    to normative economics is his effort to construct a framework
    for pluralist and consequentialist (based on consequences moral evaluation, which abandons the criterion of utility, allows the evaluation of the level of people's real freedom, and admits the possibility of a moral 'objective' sensitive to the life plans of individuals and to the achievement or fail of their rights.Este ensayo presenta dos aportes de Amartya Sen a las discusiones sobre ética y economía. Primero su ruptura con la ética utilitarista y bienestarista -fundamento de la economía normativa- y su llamado a modificar la métrica de la utilidad, unico 'ambito de información' que estas tradiciones normativas usan para juzgar el bienestar individual y social, es decir, las oportunidades de las personas, el impacto de las politicas públicas y el éxito de las organizaciones sociales. Segundo, su propuesta de un esquema de valoración que trascienda la concepción estrecha del utilitarismo, que no caiga en el relativismo ético y que incorpore el análisis de los derechos y las libertades reales sin acojer al razonamiento moral deontológico. Con ello se muestra que una de sus mayores

  13. Amartya Sen, premio nobel de economía 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sen Amartya Kumar

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Entrevista

    El economista Amartya Sen, de 64 años, fue galardonado el pasado miércoles con el Premio Nobel de Economía por sus trabajos sobre el hambre en el mundo y su relación entre la democracia y la satisfacción de las necesidades básicas de los seres humanos. Casado en terceras nupcias, Sen ha sido profesor en universidades de Asia, América del Norte y Europa. Actualmente enseña en el Trinity College, de la Universidad de Cambridge, en el Reino Unido.

  14. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Anrede zu verweigern, “weil sie dies als Frauen nicht verdienten”. 3. Konflikte und Spannungen dieser Art sind an den Schulen Österreichs und. Deutschlands schon lange kein Einzelfall mehr. Sie resultieren aus einer zunehmenden religiösen und kulturellen Pluralisierung unserer Gesellschaft. Deren Ursachen sind ...

  15. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    ),. Multikulturalität im vereinten Europa: Historische und juristische Aspekte, Göttingen 2003, S. 145-162, bes S 149f. A Grünschloß, Der eigene und der fremde Glaube. Studien zur interreligiösen Fremdwahrnehmung in Islam, Hinduismus, ...

  16. Entropy of the Kerr–Sen black hole

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We study the entropy of Kerr–Sen black hole of heterotic string theory beyond semiclassical approximations. Applying the properties of exact differentials for three variables to the first law of thermodynamics, we derive the corrections to the entropy of the black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and non-leading corrections to ...

  17. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Dabei soll es um den. Beitrag der Theologie für einen toleranten Umgang mit der multikulturellen. Situation der Gegenwart gehen. Die These, welche ich hierbei vorstellen möchte, lautet, dass mit dem evangelischen Glaubensverständnis ein reflektierter Umgang mit religiösen und kulturellen Unterschieden verbunden ist.

  18. A qualitative application of Amartya Sen's 'development as freedom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    choices” in Sen's sense. In-depth interviews conducted with social grants recipients' in this study provided evidence that social grants reduce poverty, both in terms of helping grants recipients to meet basic needs, and enabling them to make more ...

  19. Identity and commitment: Sen's conception of the individual

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davis, J.B.

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a conception of personal identity for Amartya Sen's capability framework that emphasizes his self-scrutinizing aspect of the self and related concept of commitment, and compares this conception to the collective intentionality-based one advanced in Davis (2003c). The paper also

  20. A qualitative application of Amartya Sen's 'development as freedom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A qualitative application of Amartya Sen's 'development as freedom' theory to an understanding of social grants in South Africa. ... If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs. Alternatively, you can download the ...

  1. Amartya Sen and the Math-ematics of Collective Choice

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 6. Amartya Sen and the Mathematics of Collective Choice. Bhaskar Dutta. Research News Volume 5 Issue 6 June 2000 pp 97-103. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/005/06/0097-0103 ...

  2. Reasoning about Development: Essays on Amartya Sen's Capability Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.R. Wells (Thomas)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractOver the last 30 years the Indian philosopher-economist Amartya Sen has developed an original normative approach to the evaluation of individual and social well-being. The foundational concern of this ‘capability approach’ is the real freedom of individuals to achieve the kind of lives

  3. Sen Virus and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Southern African Blacks ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SEN virus (SENV), or its variants (SENV-D and SENV-H), have been detected in the serum of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), acute or chronic benign hepatic diseases, and healthy individuals in a number of countries. No information has hitherto been available in sub-Saharan African populations.

  4. Entropy of the Kerr–Sen black hole

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    National Astronomical Observatory, National University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia. E-mail: ealarranaga@unal.edu.co. MS received 8 July 2010; revised 13 October 2010; accepted 21 October 2010. Abstract. We study the entropy of Kerr–Sen black hole of heterotic string theory beyond semiclas- sical approximations.

  5. A qualitative application of Amartya Sen's 'development as freedom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A QUALITATIVE APPLICATION OF AMARTYA SEN'S 'DEVELOPMENT AS FREEDOM' THEORY TO. AN UNDERSTANDING ... to adequately cover basic needs in the context of large family sizes, a serious and long-term ..... also analysed secondary data in the form of government reports and newspapers to get a broader ...

  6. Amartya Sen o prawach człowieka [Sen on human rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Guczalska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the idea of ‘human rights’ and the Amartya Sen’s reflections on that topic. By assumption, Sen does not present a catalogue of human rights, yet he claims that the language of human rights can be used to talk about the so-called human capabilities (the main concept of Sen’s theory. The aporia that exists in the current paradigm of human rights consists in the fact that it has been based on a few (liberal foundations, while, on the other hand, it has been extended into a broad system of individual rights/entitlements conflicting with their foundation. Each of those systems of rights entails a specific vision of social life. The liberal tradition postulates the existence of a minimal state, which guards freedom, life and property. In the leftist tradition, in contrast, there is postulated the existence of a welfare state, which satisfies people’s ever growing needs, based on an extensive bureaucracy and high taxes – under the patronage of the idea of social justice. Those social visions cannot be reconciled – they lead to conflicts. In this text, I present the problem of inconsistency and tension within the ‘human rights’, contrasting Amartya Sen’s theory with classical liberalism of John Locke. I claim that assessment of the contemporary ‘human rights’ theory should depend on whether a given theory is capable of proper determination and – at least to some extent – solving the problem of incoherence and tensions present in the Western ‘human rights’ paradigm. It seems that Sen’s conception cannot meet that challenge.

  7. Cost-effectiveness of the SEN-concept: Specialized Emergency Nurses (SEN treating ankle/foot injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Tulder Maurits W

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Emergency Departments (EDs are confronted with progressive overcrowding. As a consequence, the workload for ED physicians increases and waiting times go up with the risk of unnecessary complications and patient dissatisfaction. To cope with these problems, Specialized Emergency Nurses (SENs, regular ED-nurses receiving a short, injury-specific course, were trained to assess and treat minor injuries according to a specific protocol. Methods An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomized controlled trial comparing House Officers (HOs and SENs in their assessment of ankle and foot injuries. Cost prices were established for all parts of healthcare utilization involved. Total costs of health care utilization were computed per patient in both groups. Cost-effectiveness was investigated by comparing the difference in total cost between groups with the difference in sensitivity and specificity between groups in diagnosing fractures and severe sprains. Finally, cost-effectiveness ratios were calculated and presented on a cost-effectiveness plane. Results No significant differences were seen between treatment groups for any of the health care resources assessed. However, the waiting times for both first assessment by a treatment officer and time spent waiting between hearing the diagnosis and final treatment were significantly longer in the HO group. There was no statistically significant difference in costs between groups. The total costs were € 186 (SD € 623 for patients in the SEN group and € 153 (SD € 529 for patients in the HO group. The difference in total costs was € 33 (95% CI: – € 84 to € 155. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was € 27 for a reduction of one missed diagnosis and € 18 for a reduction of one false negative. Conclusion Considering the benefits of the SEN-concept in terms of decreased workload for the ED physicians, increased patient satisfaction and decreased waiting times

  8. Rawls’ influence and counter-influence on Sen: post-welfarism and impartiality

    OpenAIRE

    Muriel Gilardone

    2011-01-01

    Rawls has been a constant reference for Sen both to overcome welfarism and consider impartiality. In this paper, we’ll try to identify Sen’s paradoxical relationship to Rawls’ work that has evolved with time. The dialogue between both authors emerged in the late sixties, while Sen was working on a constructive social choice theory. Sen greatly benefited from Rawls’ insight as his proposition for a “weak equity axiom” (Sen, 1973) attests, inspired by Rawls’ difference principle. Sen then devel...

  9. Arrow y Sen: el rescate del individuo y de las instituciones Arrow and Sen: rescuing the individual and institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cante Freddy

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available La teoría de la elección social que propone Arrow y Sen es una ruptura con los desarrollos hegemónicos de la microeconomía y de la macroeconomía en dos sentidos: rescata la diversidad de gustos y valores de cada individuo en oposición a los conceptos agregados; además, muestra que la conducta racional es quizás lo menos importante con lo que abre un diálogo con la economía institucional.The theory of social choice proposed by Arrow and Sen breaks with the hegemonic developments of microeconomics and macroeconomics in two senses: it rescues the diversity of tastes and values of each individual as opposed to aggregated concepts, and in addition it shows that rational behavior is perhaps the least important kind, which opens up a dialogue with institutional economics.

  10. La propuesta inmanentista de Amartya Sen para la justicia global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez, J. Francisco

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Idea of Justice (TIJ by Amartya Sen appears as a proposal both to understand and defend global justice far from theories of justice supported on social contracts and transcendental institutional notions. The book can be regarded as a systematic attempt to show us how pertinent traditional social choice theory (from Condorcet to Arrow can be in order to develop a strong notion of justice that does not require neither a monolithic perspective nor a single institutional formulation. A. Sen propounds us to take care of patent injustices though we do not have a theory of justice, and even if we do not share central elements to this theory of justice. It is a real challenge for standard position in moral philosophy.

    En The Idea of Justice (TIJ de Amartya Sen se presenta una propuesta para comprender y defender la justicia global, alejada de las teorías de la justicia que se apoyan en el contrato social y en nociones institucionales trascendentales. El libro puede considerarse como un intento sistemático de defender la pertinencia de la tradición de la elección social (desde Condorcet a Arrow para una noción robusta de justicia que no requiera una visión monolítica ni una única formulación institucional. Nos propone atender a las injusticias patentes, aunque no tengamos una teoría de la justicia e incluso aunque no compartamos elementos centrales para esa teoría de la justicia. Es un auténtico desafío a la posición estándar en filosofía moral.

  11. 3D-tulostaminen ja sen soveltaminen rakentamiseen

    OpenAIRE

    Peura, Risto

    2017-01-01

    3D-tulostaminen on kasvava trendi monella eri alalla ja sitä sovelletaan erilaisiin tulostustarkoituksiin. Tässä opinnäytetyössä käsitellään 3D-tulostuksen perusteita ja 3D-tulostamisen soveltamista rakennusalaan. Tavoitteena on lisätä yleistietoa 3D-tulostamisesta ja sen hyödyntämisestä rakennusalalla. Opinnäytetyössä selvitetään, miten 3D-tulostaminen toimii ja millaisen prosessin se vaatii. Tulostusprosessista saa käsityksen, kuinka tulostimet toimivat ja kuinka niitä voidaan mahdollisesti...

  12. Sen2-Agri country level demonstration for Ukraine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kussul, N.; Kolotii, A.; Shelestov, A.; Lavreniuk, M. S.

    2016-12-01

    Due to launch of Sentinel-2 mission European Space Agency (ESA) started Sentinel-2 for Agriculture (Sen2-Agri) project coordinated by Universite catholique de Louvain (UCL). Ukraine is selected as one of 3 country level demonstration sites for benchmarking Sentinel-2 data due to wide range of main crops (both winter and summer), big fields and high enough climate variability over the territory [1-2]. Within this county level demonstration main objectives are following: i) Sentinel's products quality assessment and their suitability estimation for the territory of Ukraine [2]; ii) demonstration in order to convince decision makers and state authorities; iii) assessment of the personnel and facilities required to run the Sen2-Agri system and creation of Sen-2 Agri products (crop type maps and such essential climatic variable as Leaf Area Index - LAI [3]). During this project ground data were collected for crop land mapping and crop type classification along the roads within main agro-climatic zones of Ukraine. For LAI estimation we used indirect non-destructive method which is based on DHP-images and VALERI protocol. Products created with use of Sen2-Agri system deployed during project execution and results of neural-network approach utilization will be compared. References Kussul, N., Lemoine, G., Gallego, F. J., Skakun, S. V., Lavreniuk, M., & Shelestov, A. Y. Parcel-Based Crop Classification in Ukraine Using Landsat-8 Data and Sentinel-1A Data. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing , 9 (6), 2500-2508. Kussul, N., Skakun, S., Shelestov, A., Lavreniuk, M., Yailymov, B., & Kussul, O. (2015). Regional scale crop mapping using multi-temporal satellite imagery. The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 40(7), 45-52. Shelestov, A., Kolotii, A., Camacho, F., Skakun, S., Kussul, O., Lavreniuk, M., & Kostetsky, O. (2015, July). Mapping of biophysical parameters based on high

  13. Non-Homogenous Moral Space (from Bentham toSen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr (Peter Boltuc

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The notion of moral space covers all thin (universal and thick (particular characteristics that may plausibly be seen as morally relevant. In this paper, I investigate certain properties of moral space so defined. These properties are not easily visible if we analyze moral characteristics individually, but become clear once we consider them collectively. In particular, following Amartya Sen, I claim that the value of moral properties is, in part, a function of positional characteristics. I call this notion the non-homogeneity of moral space.

  14. Cosmic censorship conjecture in Kerr-Sen black hole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwak, Bogeun

    2017-06-01

    The validity of the cosmic censorship conjecture for the Kerr-Sen black hole, which is a solution to the low-energy effective field theory for four-dimensional heterotic string theory, is investigated using charged particle absorption. When the black hole absorbs the particle, the charge on it changes owing to the conserved quantities of the particle. Changes in the black hole are constrained to the equation for the motion of the particle and are consistent with the laws of thermodynamics. Particle absorption increases the mass of the Kerr-Sen black hole to more than that of the absorbed charges such as angular momentum and electric charge; hence, the black hole cannot be overcharged. In the near-extremal black hole, we observe a violation of the cosmic censorship conjecture for the angular momentum in the first order of expansion and the electric charge in the second order. However, considering an adiabatic process carrying the conserved quantities as those of the black hole, we prove the stability of the black hole horizon. Thus, we resolve the violation. This is consistent with the third law of thermodynamics.

  15. Satisfaction Level of Special Education Teachers Training Program toward Southeast Asia Organized by SEAMEO SEN

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Anis Bin Abdul Razak; Rosadah Abd Majid

    2017-01-01

    The aims of the research is to study the level of satisfaction among the Special Education Teachers of Southeast Asia countries who attended the 4 weeks training on Co-curricular Activities for SEN Children that was conducted by SEAMEO Regional Center for Special Education (SEAMEO SEN). The aspects studied included the teachers’ satisfaction on the facilities and services provided by SEAMEO SEN, training content, training methods and the evaluation on the facilitators. The study involved 25 p...

  16. Justiça e desenvolvimento no pensamento de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas H. Kang

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present an overview of Amartya Sen's thought, relating to his writings on political philosophy and his contributions to the field of development economics. This paper shows how justice and development are highly related in Sen's approach based on the concept of capability. Along with this paper, we will present some debates between Sen and John Rawls, beside other critics. This is done to explain the complex theoretical system elaborated by him. In concluding, the paper shows that the objective of Sen is to find a satisfactory concept of development that is explicit in its ethical presumptions.

  17. Justiça distributiva: a crítica de Sen a Rawls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Álvaro de

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available It is discussed to what extent Amartya Sen's normative approach to socioeconomic inequalities represents an improvement with respect to John Rawls's approach. Sen's critique of the equalisandum of Rawls's theory (the so-called "primary goods" and Sen's arguments for equality of capability are examined. It is argued that though Sen's metric seems particularly fitted to deal with poverty and destitution, this is not the case when inequalities above a minimally decent level of "capability to function" are in question. For the latter purpose, Rawls' metric of primary goods is preferable.

  18. MEMBANGUN IDENTITAS PERADABAN DI ERA GLOBAL: Telaah Pemikiran Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Rosadisastra

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Teori “Benturan Peradaban” karya Samuel Huntington memiliki kebenarannya sendiri jika dilihat dari perspektif esensialis atau ajaran agama yang bernuansa eksklusif dan dipahami secara literalis radikal. Dalam konsepsi muslim eksklusif atau literalis radikal, term “jihad” dapat menjadi senjata ampuh untuk melakukan benturan peradaban ini. Oleh karena itu diperlukan upaya: Pertama, penggabungan spritualitas agama dengan keutamaan paham kebebasan. Kedua, dialektika simbiosis antar peradaban. Demikian juga argumen dan kritik Amartya Sen terhadap teori Benturan Peradaban, juga memiliki kebenarannya jika dilihat dari ajaran agama yang bertujuan teraplikasikannya nilai-nilai perdamaian. Karena menurutnya, setiap pemeluk agama memiliki keragaman identitas yang tidak hanya dibatasi oleh nilai-nilai agama, tetapi juga identitas lainnya berdasarkan nilai-nilai sosial, ekonomi, atau budaya. Oleh karena itu diperlukan analisis berdasarkan teori-teori sosial yang bersifat empirik dalam menghadapi atau mengantisipasi adanya konflik, baik konflik disebabkan oleh pemahaman keliru atau tidak utuh tentang agama atau aspek lainnya dari konflik peradaban.

  19. A focus on educational choice in the light of Sen's capability approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovhus, Randi Boelskifte

    This presentation demonstrates that in Denmark there is considerable focus on educational and career choices during the last year of lower-secondary school, and investigates the possibility of using Amartya Sen?s capability approach as a lens to analyse this focus. It is argued that attention...

  20. Amartya Sen's Capability Approach and the Brokering of Learning Provision for Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harreveld, Roberta E.; Singh, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues that Amartya Sen's ("Development as freedom," New York: Random House, 1999) concept of "capabilities" provides a useful framework for interpreting the brokering of learning provisions that emerged as a key feature of reforms to education and training in Queensland (Australia) for young people. Sen's capability…

  1. ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEGRATION OF STUDENTS WITH AND WITHOUT SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (SEN IN THE FIFTH GRADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus GEBHARDT

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In Styria 77.3% of all students with special needs are educated in integrated classrooms. Currently, it is not known much either about the school performance nor the active class participation of these students. This study examined 230 fifth grade students – 43 with and 187 students without special educational needs (SEN. Moreover, it is important to acknowledge that the available data for this study represents the first wave of larger longitudinal study. The school performance of the students with SEN ranged one standard deviation below the level of the students without SEN. All students felt emotionally well integrated in the school settings, but the differences in the degree of social integration were evident. In fact, the students with SEN mentioned that they got along well with their classmates less frequently than the students without SEN.

  2. SenThIS - Sentinels of Thuringian information systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naue, Sandra; Krause, Peter

    2016-04-01

    Decision-making for sustainable environmental resource management or risk prevention is facing the problem of constantly changing conditions related to the projected changes of climate, demography and socio-economy. Herefore, adaptable tools and methods which can reflect such changes are needed for an efficient management. The need to improve existing tools is a challenge the departments of German environmental authorities at state and federal level are facing at this time. Additionally the increasing demands for work process optimization due to financial cutbacks are coming into play. Consequently the need for suitable adaptation measurements for short and long term changes of environmental state variables is growing. The importance of spatio-temporal data, providing continuous observation about the state of the environmental system and its changes, is therefore increasing in order to elaborate adaptation strategies. In this case earth observation is a useful source for the required data. With the new Sentinel fleet, ESA's Copernicus Program is providing a possibility to obtain such information free in high temporal and spatial resolution. The BMVI funded project SenThIS, a collaborative project by the Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG), the Thuringian Forest Department and two SMEs EOS GmbH and Feiffer consult is aiming at utilizing Copernicus data and services for operational tasks on a federal level. It addresses this aforementioned deficit through the development and implementation of a processing chain for synergetic and automated application of remote sensing data and products to accomplish operational state tasks. The product development is characterized by the synergetic application of remote sensing data and suitable models. Design and calibration of the models base on Sentinel 1/2 data and additional information (e.g. meteorological data, in-situ measurements). This results in products of highly temporal and spatial resolution

  3. Transplant Buccaneers: P.K. Sen and India's First Heart Transplant, February 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David S; Sivaramakrishnan, Kavita

    2018-01-10

    On 17 February 1968, Bombay surgeon Prafulla Kumar Sen transplanted a human heart, becoming the fourth surgeon in the world to attempt the feat. Even though the patient survived just three hours, the feat won Sen worldwide acclaim. The ability of Sen's team to join the ranks of the world's surgical pioneers raises interesting questions. How was Sen able to transplant so quickly? He had to train a team of collaborators, import or reverse engineer technologies and techniques that had been developed largely in the United States, and begin conversations with Indian political authorities about the contested concept of brain death. The effort that this required raises questions of why. Sen, who worked at a city hospital in Bombay that could not provide basic care for all its citizens, sought a technology that epitomized high-risk high-cost, health care. To accomplish his feat, Sen navigated Cold War tensions and opportunities, situating his interests into those of his hospital, municipal authorities, Indian nationalism, Soviet and American authorities, the Rockefeller Foundation, and others. The many contexts and interests that made Sen's work possible created opportunities for many different judgments about the success or failure of medical innovation. © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  4. Hartbearbeitungen durch Drehen, Bohren und Fräsen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barfels, Lutz

    Lange Zeit dachte man bei der spanabhebenden Bearbeitung gehärteter Stähle nur an eine Schleifbearbeitung. Die Entwicklung der hoch- bzw. superharten Schneidstoffe CBN (Kubisches Bornitrid, siehe auch Abschn. 20.3.3.16 "Schneidstoffe" und Abschn. 23.2 "Keramische Werkstoffe") und PKB (Polykristallines kubisches Bornitrid) führte seit den 1980er Jahren zur Zerspanung dieser Werkstoffe mit geometrisch bestimmten Schneiden. Seit dieser Zeit wird die Bearbeitung gehärteter Werkstoffe mit einer Härte über 50 HRC als Hartbearbeitung oder Hartzerspanung bezeichnet. Sie wird sowohl beim Drehen als auch beim Bohren und Fräsen eingesetzt. Die größte Bedeutung hat hier das Hartdrehen. Während das Hartdrehen bis vor einigen Jahren beinah ausschließlich in der Einzel- und Kleinserienfertigung eingesetzt wurde, wird es heute zunehmend auch für Großserien und in der Massenfertigung angewendet. In der Regel bestehen Vorteile für den Einsatz des Hartdrehens dann, wenn in einer Aufspannung mehrere unterschiedliche Geometrie- oder Formelemente (konisch, zylindrisch, …) bearbeitet werden müssen. Bei der Bearbeitung in einer Aufspannung sind sehr gute Lagegenauigkeiten der Funktionsflächen erreichbar. Weiterhin sind Hartdrehprozesse für die Innen- und die Außenkonturbearbeitung von großer Bedeutung.

  5. Duchamp, o sensível, a indiscernibildiade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Martins

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Nos inventários da arte do século XX, o trabalho de Marcel Duchamp é com freqüência compreendido apenas em sua dimensão conceitual, ignorando-se uma possível presença do sensível em sua obra. Partindo do conceito da obra de arte como “um ser de sensação” criado por Gilles Deleuze e Félix Guattari, proponho, nesse trabalho problematizar tanto o lugar reservado a Duchamp pela história da arte, quanto os limites da definição de arte formulada por aqueles filósofos. Para explorar a possibilidade de se pensar uma poética duchampiana este texto se vale estrategicamente de duas referências: as teses de Rosalind Krauss a respeito da materialidade e do erotismo na obra do artista e os conceitos de duração, memória hábito e reconhecimento atento formulados pelo filósofo Henri Bergson.

  6. "Serious game" i dansk sundhedsvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knoke, Elke; Mortensen, Karen Rask

    2014-01-01

    Inspirationen til dette projekt kommer fra dansk sygehuspraksis. Formålet er at finde, vurdere og redesigne et fagligt relevant læringsspil (“serious game”) indenfor akutmedicin. Med udgangspunkt i det hollandske abcdeSIM er det formålet at undersøge, om og hvordan det kan bruges til uddannelse og...... vedligeholdelse af sygehuspersonales akutmediciniske færdigheder i Danmark. Og hvordan abcdeSIM kan redesignes, så det bliver bedre i forhold til en dansk målgruppe. I analysen af det empiriske materiale er der særligt fokus på transfer. Empirien er indsamlet via kvalitative metoder, nærmere bestemt 6...... semistrukturerede, eksplorative interviews kombineret med skærm- og videooptagelser af informanternes spiloplevelser. Der er belæg for, at abcdeSIM har en lærings- og transferværdi, og at den derfor med fordel vil kunne implementeres i det danske sundhedsvæsen til uddannelse og vedligeholdelse af sygehuspersonales...

  7. Qualidade de vida e desenvolvimento: o enfoque normativo de Sen e Nussbaum Functioning and capability: the foundations of Sen's and Nussbaum's developmental ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Crocker

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo avalia as contribuições de Amartya Sen e de Martha Nussbaum para a elaboração de uma estrutura normativa adequada à compreensão do desenvolvimento em âmbito nacional e internacional. Segundo essa perspectiva o foco em determinados estados e atividades (functionings valiosos para os seres humanos é mais apropriado, para avaliar o desenvolvimento do ponto de vista moral, do que o foco em utilidades, bens primários ou necessidades básicas.The article discusses the contributions of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum to the building of a normative framework for evaluating international and national development. Sen's and Nussbaum's stress on an approach to development with a focus on valuable capabilities and "functionings" rather than on utility, primary goods or basic needs, is examined.

  8. Amartya Sen o prawach człowieka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Guczalska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the idea of ‘human rights’ and the Amartya Sen’s reflections on that topic. By assumption, Sen does not present a catalogue of human rights, yet he claims that the language of human rights can be used to talk about the so-called human capabilities (the main concept of Sen’s theory. The aporia that exists in the current paradigm of human rights consists in the fact that it has been based on a few (liberal foundations, while, on the other hand, it has been extended into a broad system of individual rights/entitlements conflicting with their foundation. Each of those systems of rights entails a specific vision of social life. The liberal tradition postulates the existence of a minimal state, which guards freedom, life and property. In the leftist tradition, in contrast, there is postulated the existence of a welfare state, which satisfies people’s ever growing needs, based on an extensive bureaucracy and high taxes – under the patronage of the idea of social justice. Those social visions cannot be reconciled – they lead to conflicts. In this text, I present the problem of inconsistency and tension within the ‘human rights’, contrasting Amartya Sen’s theory with classical liberalism of John Locke. I claim that assessment of the contemporary ‘human rights’ theory should depend on whether a given theory is capable of proper determination and – at least to some extent – solving the problem of incoherence and tensions present in the Western ‘human rights’ paradigm. It seems that Sen’s conception cannot meet that challenge.

  9. Small Active Readout Device for Dose Spectra from Energetic Particles and Neutrons (DoSEN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — DoSEN is an early-stage space technology research project with the sole objective of developing the concept and demonstrating the proof-of-principle of a space...

  10. Lernen und Problemlösen: Deweys Psychologie im bildungshistorischen Kontext

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Oelkers

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper hat eine seiner letzten Essaysammlungen überschrieben mit Alles Leben ist Problemlösen (deutsch 1994. Die Geschichte des Problemlösens berührt er dabei nicht. Sein vierstufiges Modell des Problemlösens aber ist deutlich antizipiert in John Deweys How We Think (1910, eine pragmatische Denkpsychologie, die vor dem Hintergrund der zeitgenössischen Didaktik verstanden werden kann. Der Artikel diskutiert zwei dieser Ansätze, nämlich die ökologischen «nature studes» und William Kilpatricks «Projektmethode». Deweys Theorie des Problemlösens wird bis heute vor allem mit der Projektmethode in Verbindung gebracht. Der Artikel zeigt, dass die rein didaktische Inanspruchnahme Deweys Theorie nicht gerecht wird und Popper sie vermutlich deswegen nicht beachtet hat.

  11. Development and quality of life: a critique of Amartya Sen's Development as freedom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, V

    2000-01-01

    Presented here is a critical analysis of some of the major theses of Amartya Sen, as presented in his seminal work Development As Freedom. The author suggests that Sen's work, while representing a major break with the dominant neoliberal position reproduced in most national and international development agencies, is insufficient to explain the key relationship between freedom and development. The absence of an analysis of the power relations that cause and reproduce underdevelopment through national and international political institutions leaves Sen's work wanting. The author shows how Sen's interpretation of events and the conclusions derived from them, such as an explanation of famine in Bangladesh, are insufficient--when not faulty. The author also critically analyzes the United Nations Development Program reports, which, while documenting the nature and consequences of underdevelopment, barely touch on the political context in which underdevelopment occurs.

  12. Factor Analysis vs. Fuzzy Sets Theory: Assessing the Influence of Different Techniques on Sen's Functioning Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Lelli

    2001-01-01

    This paper explores a couple of specific operational interpretations of Sen's approach in view of assessing the extent to which the results originated by the implementation of Sen's concepts are influenced by the choice of the specific technique. By means of a survey based on a representative sample of Belgian individuals, seven achieved functioning's are identified via each technique and subsequently confronted. To structure the information and to facilitate comparisons, standard multivariat...

  13. Amartya Sen: relecture de l'Etat de la justice | Issaoui | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'Etat et la justice demeurent toujours des concepts obscures et sources majeures de querelles et de débats. cet article traite la vision de Sen aux concepts d'Etat et de justice. A partir de ce travail Sen penche pour un Etat démocratique libéral qui défend les droits et les libertés fondamentaux mais qui doit veiller, via ses ...

  14. Molecular characterization of Torque teno virus and SEN virus co-infection with HIV in patients from Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliyar Pirouzi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Torque teno virus (TTV and SEN virus are circular single-stranded DNA viruses that cause blood-borne infections. The SEN virus (SEN-V was originally detected in the serum of an injection drug user infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV. Recently TTV was discovered as a potential causative agent of non-A-E hepatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the SEN-V-D/H and TTV in HIV patients and healthy blood donors in Iran. Methods One hundred and fifty HIV patients with a mean age of 50.46 ± 18.46 years and 150 healthy blood donors with a mean age of 48.16 ± 13.73 years were included in this study. TTV and SEN-V were detected by the PCR and were quantitatively assayed by competitive PCR (nested and semi-nested PCR. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs were used to determine the heterogeneity of TTV. Results TTV and SEN-V were detected 96 (64% and 84 (56% of 150 HIV patients respectively. These rates were 34% (n=51 and 37.33% (n=56 in healthy blood donors (significant, p<0.05. PCR detected SEN-V/TTV DNA from 32 of the healthy blood donors (21.33%, while 65 (43.33% of HIV patients were positive for SEN-V/TTV DNA. Of 150 HIV patients, 32.66% and 23.33% were positive for SEN-V-H and SEN-V-D, respectively and 18.66% (n=28 were co-infected with SEN-V-D/H. Conclusions The prevalence of SEN-VD/H and TTV is higher in HIV patients than in healthy blood donors in Southern Iran. Our results suggest that TTV and SEN-V might play a role in the development of liver disease in patients with immunodeficiency diseases.

  15. Characterization of putative virulence factors of Serratia marcescens strain SEN for pathogenesis in Spodoptera litura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Chetana; Paul, Sangeeta; Tripathi, Vishwas; Paul, Bishwajeet; Khan, Md Aslam

    2017-02-01

    Two Serratia marcescens strains, SEN and ICC-4, isolated from diseased insect cadavers were observed to differ considerably in their virulence towards Spodoptera litura. The present study was aimed to characterize the possible virulence factors present in the virulent Serratia marcescens strain SEN. Both the S. marcescens strains were evaluated for the presence of various lytic enzymes such as chitinase, lipase, protease and phospholipase. The virulent S. marcescens strain SEN was observed to possess considerably higher activity of chitinase and protease enzymes; activity of phospholipase enzyme was also higher. Although, all the three toxin genes shlA, phlA and swr could be detected in both the S. marcescens strains, there was a higher expression of these genes in the virulent strain SEN. S. marcescens strain ICC-4 showed greater reduction in overall growth yield in the post-exponential phase in the presence of midgut juice and hemolymph of S. litura larvae, as compared to S. marcescens strain SEN. Proliferation of the S. marcescens strain SEN was also considerably higher in foregut, midgut and hemolymph of S. litura larvae, as compared to strain ICC-4. Peritrophic membrane treated with broth culture of the S. marcescens strain SEN showed higher damage as compared to strain ICC-4. The peritrophic membrane of larvae fed on diet treated with the virulent strain showed considerable damage while the peritrophic membrane of larvae fed on diet treated with the non-virulent strain showed no damage. This is the first report documenting the fate of ingested S. marcescens in S. litura gut and the relative expression of toxin genes from two S. marcescens strains differing in their virulence towards S. litura. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The SENS algorithm-a new nutrient profiling system for food labelling in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darmon, Nicole; Sondey, Juliette; Azaïs-Braesco, Véronique; Maillot, Matthieu

    2018-02-01

    In response to the European regulation on nutrition and health claims, France proposed in 2008 the SAIN,LIM profiling system that classifies foods into four classes based on a nutrient density score called 'SAIN', a score of nutrients to limit called 'LIM', and one primary threshold on each score. We present here the SENS algorithm, a new nutrient profiling system adapted from the SAIN,LIM to be operational for simplified nutrition labelling in line with the European regulation on food information to consumers. The main changes made to SAIN,LIM to get SENS were to introduce food categories and sub-categories ('Beverages', 'Added Fats' and 'Other Solid Foods' sub-categorised into 'cereals', 'cheese', 'other dairy products', 'eggs', 'fish' and 'others'), reduce the number of nutrients, introduce category-specific nutrients and category-specific weighting for some nutrients, replace French recommendations with European reference intakes, and add secondary thresholds. Each food and non-alcoholic beverage from the 2013-CIQUAL French composition database (n = 1065) was assigned one SENS class. Distribution of foods according to the four SENS classes was described by food groups (n = 26). The SENS classification was consistent with the recommendations to consume large amounts of whole grains, vegetables and fruits, and moderate intake of fats, sugars, meats, caloric beverages and salt. For most groups (19/26), foods were distributed across at least three SENS classes. The SENS is a nutrition-sensitive system that discriminates foods between and within food categories. It preserves the strengths of the initial SAIN,LIM while making it operational for simplified nutrition labelling in Europe.

  17. Colombie: une guerre privée de sens?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Voilà plus de vingt ans que la Colombie connaît des phénomènes de violence collective singulièrement aigus et complexes. Depuis le début de la décennie 80, l’intensification de la confrontation entre forces armées, guérillas et paramilitaires a été telle que cette dernière domine désormais le panorama général de la violence. L’intensification du conflit, surtout à l’encontre des populations civiles, a suscité un nombre croissant d’analyses, de commentaires et de réactions diverses. La plupart de ces interprétations privilégient une approche en termes d’irrationalité et de violences éruptives privées de sens. Le propos de cet article est précisément de discuter et confronter cette vision avec une lecture plus rationnelle des faits afin de voir dans quelle mesure la confrontation armée parvient à se structurer dans une trame explicative beaucoup plus intelligible. COLOMBIA: ¿UNA GUERRA SIN SENTIDO?. Desde hace más de veinte años, Colombia conoce fenómenos de violencia colectiva particularmente agudos y complejos. A partir de la década de los 80, la intensificación de la confrontación entre fuerzas armadas, guerrillas y paramilitares ha sido tan significativa que ésta domina ahora el panorama general de la violencia. La intensificación del conflicto, sobre todo contra las poblaciones civiles, ha suscitado un número creciente de análisis, comentarios y reacciones diversas. La mayoría de estas interpretaciones han privilegiado una lectura en términos de irracionalidad y de violencias eruptivas como si el conflicto estuviese privado de cualquier significado. El propósito del artículo es precisamente discutir y confrontar esta visión con un enfoque más racionalista para ver en qué medida la confrontación armada logra estructurarse en una trama explicativa mucho más inteligible. COLOMBIA: A SENSELESS WAR?. For more than two decades now, Colombia has faced the acute and complex phenomena of collective

  18. Satisfaction Level of Special Education Teachers Training Program toward Southeast Asia Organized by SEAMEO SEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Anis Bin Abdul Razak

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the research is to study the level of satisfaction among the Special Education Teachers of Southeast Asia countries who attended the 4 weeks training on Co-curricular Activities for SEN Children that was conducted by SEAMEO Regional Center for Special Education (SEAMEO SEN. The aspects studied included the teachers’ satisfaction on the facilities and services provided by SEAMEO SEN, training content, training methods and the evaluation on the facilitators. The study involved 25 participants who are Special Education Teachers whom attended the 4 weeks training course. This is a survey to gain quantitative data using survey as the method of research. The data was analysed descriptively. Silver (1981 Model of Training and Maslow (1954 were used as the foundation to see the relations in the studied constructs. The findings of the research showed that the level of satisfaction of the participants towards services and facilities provided is at min = 4.48, satisfaction towards training content is min= 4.44, training method is min=4.31, quality of facilitator is min= 4.34. Overall, the findings indicated the level of satisfactory is high with overall min is = 4.40 and thus can be summarized that the Special Education Teachers are very satisfied with the training organized by SEAMEO SEN. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengkaji tahap kepuasan Guru Pendidikan Khas Asia Tenggara (GPKAT terhadap program latihan Regular Course: Co-Curricular Activities for SEN Children yang dianjurkan oleh SEAMEO Regional Center for Special Education (SEAMEO SEN. Aspek yang diberi perhatian dalam kajian ini merangkumi tahap kepuasan GPKAT terhadap kemudahan dan perkhidmatan yang disediakan oleh SEAMEO SEN, isi kandungan latihan, kaedah latihan dan penilaian GPKAT terhadap kualiti fasilitator. Kajian ini melibatkan seramai 25 orang GPKAT yang menghadiri kursus 4 minggu di SEAMEO SEN. Ini adalah kajian tinjauan untuk mendapatkan data kuantitatif dengan menggunakan

  19. Chancen und Herausforderungen der religiösen Bildung im Lebensraum Schule aus muslimischer Perspektive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sule Dursun

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag basiert – mit dem Hinweis auf die zunehmende Präsenz der herkunftsorientierten religiösen Einrichtungen in Europa – auf dem Argument, dass die islamisch-religiöse Bildung in den Schulen Europas überdacht werden muss und ihr eine entscheidende Rolle zukommt. Neben den herkunftsorientierten religiösen Einrichtungen in Europa wird in diesem Beitrag die Bedeutung des islamischen Religionsunterrichts aus dem Blickwinkel des kontextualisierten Islams beleuchtet. Mittels Fallbeispielen zur religiösen Bildung am religiösen Markt (= religiöse Institutionen außerhalb des Schulraums wird in diesem Beitrag aufgezeigt, dass der islamische Religionsunterricht im Gegensatz zu den religiösen Institutionen keine Monopolkirche sein darf, in der vorwiegend eine Art Volksfrömmigkeit vermittelt wird. Opportunities and Challenges of Religious Education in Schools – A Muslim Perspective This contribution is based on the argument that the role of Islamic religious education at schools should be reconceived in relation to the growing presence of origin-oriented religious institutions in Europe. In addition to the origin-oriented religious institutions in Europe, this paper aims to present the importance of Islamic religious education from the perspective of contextualized Islam. Based on case studies for religious education in the religious market (outside the education area this paper shows that the Islamic religious education cannot offer Church`s monopoly and act like origin-oriented religious institutions to mediate popular piety.

  20. VineSens: An Eco-Smart Decision-Support Viticulture System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Expósito, Josman P; Fernández-Caramés, Tiago M; Fraga-Lamas, Paula; Castedo, Luis

    2017-02-25

    This article presents VineSens, a hardware and software platform for supporting the decision-making of the vine grower. VineSens is based on a wireless sensor network system composed by autonomous and self-powered nodes that are deployed throughout a vineyard. Such nodes include sensors that allow us to obtain detailed knowledge on different viticulture processes. Thanks to the use of epidemiological models, VineSens is able to propose a custom control plan to prevent diseases like one of the most feared by vine growers: downy mildew. VineSens generates alerts that warn farmers about the measures that have to be taken and stores the historical weather data collected from different spots of the vineyard. Such data can then be accessed through a user-friendly web-based interface that can be accessed through the Internet by using desktop or mobile devices. VineSens was deployed at the beginning in 2016 in a vineyard in the Ribeira Sacra area (Galicia, Spain) and, since then, its hardware and software have been tested to prevent the development of downy mildew, showing during its first season that the system can led to substantial savings, to decrease the amount of phytosanitary products applied, and, as a consequence, to obtain a more ecologically sustainable and healthy wine.

  1. VineSens: An Eco-Smart Decision-Support Viticulture System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josman P. Pérez-Expósito

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article presents VineSens, a hardware and software platform for supporting the decision-making of the vine grower. VineSens is based on a wireless sensor network system composed by autonomous and self-powered nodes that are deployed throughout a vineyard. Such nodes include sensors that allow us to obtain detailed knowledge on different viticulture processes. Thanks to the use of epidemiological models, VineSens is able to propose a custom control plan to prevent diseases like one of the most feared by vine growers: downy mildew. VineSens generates alerts that warn farmers about the measures that have to be taken and stores the historical weather data collected from different spots of the vineyard. Such data can then be accessed through a user-friendly web-based interface that can be accessed through the Internet by using desktop or mobile devices. VineSens was deployed at the beginning in 2016 in a vineyard in the Ribeira Sacra area (Galicia, Spain and, since then, its hardware and software have been tested to prevent the development of downy mildew, showing during its first season that the system can led to substantial savings, to decrease the amount of phytosanitary products applied, and, as a consequence, to obtain a more ecologically sustainable and healthy wine.

  2. Liberdade e Poder em Amartya Sen: uma Leitura Crítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Lúcio de Oliveira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As evidenced in the title, this article presents a critical analysis of several proposals developed by Amartya Sen. It makes two central critiques of Sen’s work; highlighting the absence of arguments that take into account relationships of power, as well as the lack of an emphasis on the relationship between the individual and society. At the same time, evidence will be presented that Sen’s perspective is not an alternative to the dominant economic discourse, neither in its analytic intent or its normative orientation. One can conclude that his proposals are presented, more appropriately, as a sophisticated theory of the principles that presently govern liberalism. Therefore, his formulations do not differ much from those that are currently being implemented in the majority of countries.

  3. Les droits de l'enfant à l'épreuve du sens

    OpenAIRE

    Hirschi, Coraline; Hanson, Karl

    2013-01-01

    L’objectif de ce travail est de mettre en exergue la place et le rôle du « sens » pour l’enfant au sein des droits participatifs ancrés dans la Convention internationale relative aux droits de l’enfant de 1989 (CDE). Cette étude démontre l’importance de prendre en compte le sens que donne l’enfant dans une dimension temporelle large dans le cadre des droits participatifs et propose d’ajouter le sens comme but explicite à part entière dans l’exercice du droit d’être entendu (art. 12 CDE). A ce...

  4. Jörn Rüsen and humanism as light in times of darkness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Kozlarek

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available En una primera sección de este artículo quisiera explicar las diferencias entre tres conceptos que me parecen centrales no solamente para la comprensión de las ideas de Rüsen, sino también para actualizar un humanismo en el siglo xxi. Como ya señalé: el humanismo no es para Rüsen una ocurrencia intelectual. Se trata más bien del resultado de una evolución histórica. En la segunda sección trataré de reconstruir la génesis histórica del humanismo de Rüsen. Quedará claro que las ideas de Rüsen sobre el humanismo se inspiran antes que nada en la tradición del pensamiento occidental y sobre todo europeo. De esta manera, me parece indispensable relacionarlas con las críticas postcoloniales que han recobrado justificadamente mucha importancia. En la tercera sección me propongo discutir este plexo temático. La posición que Rüsen asume frente a la crítica postcolonial prepara el terreno para explicar su propuesta para un “humanismo en la época de la globalización”, en la que repararé en la cuarta sección. Dedicaré la última sección a algunas reflexiones sobre la pregunta acerca de la necesidad de una orientación humanista tal como Rüsen la defiende en nuestros días.

  5. Retten til privathed i det danske sundhedsvæsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanne Pihl Bjerre

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Formålet med nærværende oversigtsartikel er at undersøge den stigende digitalisering og deling af personlige informationer i sundhedsvæsenet, samt hvilke etiske udfordringer denne udvikling har for den enkelte borger. Mere præcis vil vi rammesætte denne diskussion i en dansk kontekst eksemplificeret ved Det Fælles Medicinkort. Det Fælles Medicinkort er en obligatorisk database for danske borgere indeholdende informationer om patienters medicinske historie to år tilbage. Denne database kan tilgås af en bred vifte af sundhedsprofessionelle i Danmark (Bekendtgørelse om Lægemiddelstyrelsens elektroniske registrering af de enkelte borgeres medicinoplysninger 2011.På trods af lovede sundhedsmæssige fordele, såsom en højere grad af sikkerhed i forbindelse med medicinering, en øget effektivisering af sundhedsvæsenet og dermed besparelser på de offentlige budgetter, plæderer vi i artiklen for, at implementeringen af Det Fælles Medicinkort kompromitterer den enkeltes privathed. Den enkelte borger er ikke i tilstrækkelig grad informeret om brugen af Det Fælles Medicinkort. Ydermere finder vi ikke, at borgerens autonomi i forhold til indholdet af personlige oplysninger i Det Fælles Medicinkort er opretholdt på en tilfredsstillende måde.Artiklens primære perspektiv er deontologisk, men for at nuancere vores diskussion inddrages lejlighedsvist også utilitaristiske argumenter. Endvidere inddrages i artiklen Helen Nissenbaum, Tom L. Beauchamp og James F. Childress samt John Rawls. I artiklen vil tre konkrete problemstillinger blive diskuteret i relation til Det Fælles Medicinkort: (1 Deler vi relevante og passende data? (2 Er distributionen af disse data til en så bred vifte af sundhedsprofessionelle på sin plads? Og slutteligt: (3 Er den enkelte borgers beslutningsdygtighed, og dermed mulighed for autonomi i forhold til personrelaterede informationer, tilstrækkelig.Nøgleord: digitalisering, privathed, Danmark, sundhedsvæsen

  6. The Concept of Human Development: A Comparative Study of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum

    OpenAIRE

    Maboloc, Christopher Ryan

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is an examination of the concept of human development and does a comparative study of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum. Sen rectifies the emphasis on income by welfare economics, and argues for the ‘equality of capability’; a goal that he says can be achieved by means of the intrinsic and instrumental role of democracy. However, the author notes that Sen’s development paradigm is inadequate as an account for what constitutes the kind of well-being that is fully human and asserts th...

  7. A focus on educational choice in the light of Sen's capability approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovhus, Randi Boelskifte

    This presentation demonstrates that in Denmark there is considerable focus on educational and career choices during the last year of lower-secondary school, and investigates the possibility of using Amartya Sen?s capability approach as a lens to analyse this focus. It is argued that attention...... to the processes occurring before choices are made is of central importance, as these help to give students a genuine opportunity to choose from a broader range of options. This consideration is important from a social-justice perspective even if students end up choosing what they would have chosen without broader...

  8. Asiakastyytyväisyys ja sen seuranta Consti-yhtiöissä

    OpenAIRE

    Hirvonen, Jani; Uusikartano, Veli-Matti

    2012-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää Suomen suurimmalle korjausrakentamiseen keskittyneelle Consti-yhtiöille heidän asiakkaidensa tyytyväisyys. Tutkimuksessa keskityttiin Constin palveluiden kokonaislaadun mittaamiseen, mikä on yrityksen tämän hetkinen osaamisen taso. Consti-yhtiön toimialue kattaa suuren osan Suomesta. Opinnäytetyön tietoperustan aihe oli asiakastyytyväisyyden mittaaminen ennen palveluprosessia, sen aikana sekä sen jälkeen. Tutkimusotteena oli kvantitatiivinen e...

  9. Capabilities and Choices: Do They Make Sen'se for Understanding Objective and Subjective Well-Being? An Empirical Test of Sen's Capability Framework on German and British Panel Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muffels, Ruud; Headey, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    In Sen's Capability Approach (CA) well-being can be defined as the freedom of choice to achieve the things in life which one has reason to value most for his or her personal life. Capabilities are in Sen's vocabulary therefore the real freedoms people have or the opportunities available to them. In this paper we examine the impact of capabilities…

  10. Risk of complications during pregnancy after Senning or Mustard (atrial) repair of complete transposition of the great arteries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenthen, Willem; Pieper, Petronella G.; Ploeg, Martine; Voors, Adriaan A.; Roos-Hesselink, Jolien W.; Mulder, Barbara J. M.; Vliegen, Hubert W.; Sollie, Krystyna M.; Ebels, Tjark; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.

    2005-01-01

    Aims To investigate magnitude and determinants of risks during pregnancy in women with Mustard or Senning repair for complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Methods and results Using a nationwide registry (CONCOR), 70 women with Senning (23%) or Mustard (77%) repair for TGA were

  11. Voices of Students with Special Educational Needs (SEN): Views on Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prunty, Anita; Dupont, Maeve; McDaid, Rory

    2012-01-01

    As important decisions are being made with regard to educational legislation, policy and provision for children with special educational needs (SEN), it is critical that the views of these key stakeholders are heard and considered. This article reports the perspectives of 38 children and young people with special educational needs on their…

  12. Self-Concept, Social Position and Social Participation of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avramidis, Elias

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature's dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils' self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to previous…

  13. Social Justice and the Philosophical Foundations of Critical Peace Education: Exploring Nussbaum, Sen, and Freire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snauwaert, Dale

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to philosophically explore a "realization-focused" capabilities theory of social justice, as articulated by AmartyaSen and Martha Nussbaum, as foundational to a theory of critical peace education. Paulo Freire's philosophy of critical pedagogy has had and continues to have a profound influence on the theory and…

  14. Teachers' Perspectives Surrounding ICT Use amongst SEN Students in the Mainstream Educational Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abed, Mohaned Ghazi

    2018-01-01

    At the present time, ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is recognised as a pressing consideration in educational establishments worldwide. Accordingly, the present research proved to be valuable to teaching staff, teachers in (Special Educational Needs) SEN and leaders in schools. This work's aim was centred on explaining and examining…

  15. Sen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: Adaptive Preferences and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Adaptive preferences are both a central justification and continuing problem for the use of the capability approach. They are illustrated here with reference to a project examining the choices of young people who had rejected higher education. Jon Elster, Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum have all criticised utilitarianism on the grounds that a…

  16. Kemiskinan Global Dalam Prespektif 'Development as Freedom' Amartya Sen Kasus: Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Indro, P.Y. Nur

    2013-01-01

    On poverty reduction is the ultimate goal of human development globally. Amartya Sen offers a perspective known as Development as Freedom, which prioritizes freedom as a goal and instrument development. Categories of development success, especially in humans as subjects who have an ever increasing freedom.

  17. Die Wirklichkeit des Bösen in der ,Judenbuche´ der Droste

    OpenAIRE

    Koopmann, Helmut

    1980-01-01

    Die Wirklichkeit des Bösen in der ,Judenbuche´ der Droste. - In: Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, "Die Judenbuche" / Hrsg.: Walter Huge. - Berlin : Schmidt, 1980. S. 71-85. - (Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie : Sonderheft ; 99)

  18. Utilization of raw material from early thinnings; Ensiharvennuspuun hyoedyntaeminen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alen, R.; Marttina, M.; Toivanen, J. [Jyvaeskylae Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Chemistry

    1997-12-01

    Wood material from early thinnings is one of the most potential new material reserves (4 - 6 million m{sup 3}) for industrial purposes. However, the prerequisites for an enhanced utilisation of this reserve would be, besides more efficient logging, debarking, and chipping, an optimal fractionation of wood material into energy and fibre production. The aim of this project was to promote the use of first-thinning wood as a competitive raw material for energy production by increasing the potential utilisation of the corresponding wood resource for chemical pulping. During the year 1996 the variation of fibre length distribution within the stem and top (total height of 12 m) of a 27-years-old pine wood (Pinus sylvestris) was determined. Tentative calculations indicated that about 67 % of the wood dry matter consists of fibres having an average fibre length more than 2 mm. It was considered that most of this fraction with high quality fibre properties could be recovered and used for pulping. In addition, the detailed FTIR analysis of different samples from the same pine wood showed that there was an adequate correlation between the FTIR spectrometric data and the fibre length averages. (orig.)

  19. Sediment accumulation owing to backwater effect in the lower reach of the Stung Sen River, Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagumo, Naoko; Kubo, Sumiko; Sugai, Toshihiko; Egashira, Shinji

    2017-11-01

    We examined channel bars at two sites in the lower reach of the Stung Sen River, which flows into Lake Tonle Sap, Cambodia, to identify sediment transport and accumulation processes during monsoon-related flood events and to investigate how sediment transport capacity changes as a result of enhanced backwater effect of the lake. Channel bars in the lower reach of the Stung Sen River that emerge in the dry season were classified into type A (lateral bars), type B (point bars), type C (concave-bank benches) and type D (diagonal and island bars, or fluvial dunes) based on Nagumo et al.'s previous study. Type B, type C, and type D channel bars were at our study sites of SEN-01 and SEN-02, about 83 and 77 km from the river mouth respectively. Computation of water surface profiles showed that sediment transport capacity of the Stung Sen River decreased abruptly after the peak flow stage because of the backwater effect from Lake Tonle Sap during the decreasing flow stage. Our observations suggest that alternating layers of sand and silt to clay layers accumulate to form type C channel bars, corresponding to changes in sediment transport capacity controlled by backwater effects from Lake Tonle Sap and by changes in flow depths and associated slackwater systems. The accumulation of alternating silt and sand layers of type B channel bars results from lateral sediment transportation that is accelerated with an increase of secondary flow, whereas development of type D channel bars is related to bedload mobility.

  20. Community-managed Data Sharing, Curation, and Publication: SEN on SEAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, R. L.; Myers, J.; Hsu, L.

    2017-12-01

    While data publication in support of reuse and scientific reproducibility is increasingly being recognized as a key aspect of modern research practice, best practices are still to be developed at the level of scientific communities. Often, such practices are discussed in the abstract - as community standards for data plans or as requirements for yet-to-be-built software - with no clear path to community adoption. In contrast, the Sediment Experimentalist Network, supported through the National Science Foundation's (NSF) EarthCube initiative, has encouraged an iterative, practice-based approach within its community that has resulted in the publication of dozens of datasets, comprised of millions of files totaling more than 4 TB in size, and the documentation of more than 100 experimental procedures, instruments, and facilities, by multiple research teams. A key element of SEN's approach has been to leverage cloud-based data services that provide robust core capabilities with community-based management and customization capabilities. These services - data sharing, curation, and publication services developed through the NSF-supported Sustainable Environment - Actionable Data (SEAD) project and the wiki-based SEN Knowledge Base (KB) - have allowed the SEN team to ground discussions in reality and leverage the practical questions arising as researchers publish data to drive discussion and evolve towards better practices. In this presentation we summarize how SEN interacts with researchers, the best practices that have been developed, and the capabilities of SEAD and the SEN KB that support them. We also describe issues that have arisen in the community - related, for example, to recommended and required metadata, individual, project and community branding, and data version and derivation relationships - and describe how SEN's outreach activities, collaboration with the SEAD team, and the flexible design of the data services themselves have, in combination, been able to

  1. Health-related quality of life research and the capability approach of Amartya Sen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verkerk, M A; Busschbach, J J; Karssing, E D

    2001-01-01

    Standardised health-related quality of life questionnaires play an increasing role as measures of outcome in the evaluation of health care interventions. However, problems can arise when the selected functions or dimensions of such standardised measures are not in line with the intervention that is the focus of the research. Furthermore, the subjective element of quality of life makes standardised questionnaires vulnerable to the coping mechanism, thereby decreasing their sensitivity. The capability approach of the economist and philosopher Amartya Sen offers a descriptive concept that contributes to a better understanding of these problems. This article provides an introduction to the ideas of Sen for researchers who wish to go beyond the traditional framework of measuring health-related quality of life.

  2. Kantaluun morfologia ja sen vaihtelut syntymäkohortti 1966 -aineistossa

    OpenAIRE

    Peltonen, M. (Miika)

    2017-01-01

    Tiivistelmä Kantaluu eli calcaneus on olennainen osa jalkaterän ja pystyasennossa kulkevan ihmislajin biomekaniikkaa. Sen rakenteen ja rakenteen normaalin vaihtelun tunteminen on tärkeää kantaluun sairauksien ja vammojen syiden, niiden hoidon ja tieteellisen tutkimuksen kannalta. Yleensä röntgensäteillä kuvataan vain oireista tai sairaudesta kärsiviä tai vamman saaneita potilaita. Siksi terveiden ihmisten kantaluun normaali...

  3. Evaluering af MED-organisering i REGION NORDYLLANDs sygehusvæsen – en projektbeskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baadsgaard, Kelvin; Jørgensen, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Region Nordjylland har omorganiseret og omstillet sit sygehusvæsen i 2013, så gennemgående patientforløb og tværgående opgaveløsninger bliver organiseringsakse; og ændringerne har betydet, at MED-organiseringen tilsvarende skal nyindrettes. Aktørerne er blevet enige om at bruge et år til at ekspe...

  4. Sen and the Human Rights: Freedom as Material Object of Human Rights

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Ibáñez

    2017-01-01

    Specifically we understand that the capability approach of Amartya Sen, is his greatest contribution to thinking about human rights. In this paper, in addition to placing its origin and significance for them, we will put in relation the capability approach with some contributions of liberation thought on Latin American as Ellacuría, highlighting its importance in connection with an intercultural vision human rights. We will discuss other relevant versions of the capability approach, specifica...

  5. La inversión social y el índice de Sen en Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MERY ESPERANZA RUIZ

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available La pobreza es un problema en la medida en que los bajos ingresos crean problemas para quienes no son pobres y esto puede constituirse en verdadera tragedia. De ello nace la preocupación por parte de los gobiernos de turno por gestionar una inversión social saludable, equitativa y visionaria que disminuya la pobreza y equipare los niveles de vida. El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar la incidencia de la Inversión Social (Educación, Salud, Trabajo, Vivienda y Bienestar Social en la pobreza,  utilizando como indicador el Índice de Sen en Ecuador en un periodo de 10 años, a través de un modelo econométrico lineal con Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios.  Al establecer la incidencia de los sectoriales de la inversión social (Educación, Salud, Bienestar Social, Desarrollo Urbano y Vivienda, Trabajo en el Índice de Sen, cumpliendo con un modelo óptimo  la mayoría de los sectoriales a excepción del Bienestar Social, tienen incidencia en el Índice de Sen del Ecuador

  6. Logical and historical determination of the Arrow and Sen impossibility theorems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boričić Branislav

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available General classification of mathematical statements divides them into universal, those of the form xA , and existential ЭxA ones. Common formulations of impossibility theorems of K. J. Arrow and A. K. Sen are represented by the statements of the form "there is no x such that A". Bearing in mind logical equivalence of formulae ¬ЭxA and x¬A, we come to the conclusion that the corpus of impossibility theorems, which appears in the theory of social choice, could make a specific and recognizable subclass of universal statements. In this paper, on the basis of the established logical and methodological criteria, we point to a sequence of extremely significant "impossibility theorems", reaching throughout the history of mathematics to the present days and the famous results of Arrow and Sen in field of mathematical economics. We close with specifying the context which makes it possible to formulate the results of Arrow and Sen accurately, presenting a new direct proof of Sen’s result, with no reliance on the notion of minimal liberalism. .

  7. Palliative Senning in the Treatment of Congenital Heart Disease with Severe Pulmonary Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Gomes da Penha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background:Transposition of the great arteries (TGA is the most common cyanotic cardiopathy, with an incidence ranging between 0.2 and 0.4 per 1000 live births. Many patients not treated in the first few months of life may progress with severe pulmonary vascular disease. Treatment of these patients may include palliative surgery to redirect the flow at the atrial level.Objective:Report our institutional experience with the palliative Senning procedure in children diagnosed with TGA and double outlet right ventricle with severe pulmonary vascular disease, and to evaluate the early and late clinical progression of the palliative Senning procedure.Methods:Retrospective study based on the evaluation of medical records in the period of 1991 to 2014. Only patients without an indication for definitive surgical treatment of the cardiopathy due to elevated pulmonary pressure were included.Results:After one year of follow-up there was a mean increase in arterial oxygen saturation from 62.1% to 92.5% and a mean decrease in hematocrit from 49.4% to 36.3%. Lung histological analysis was feasible in 16 patients. In 8 patients, pulmonary biopsy grades 3 and 4 were evidenced.Conclusion:The palliative Senning procedure improved arterial oxygen saturation, reduced polycythemia, and provided a better quality of life for patients with TGA with ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, and poor prognosis.

  8. Analytical study of a Kerr-Sen black hole and a charged massive scalar field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Canisius

    2017-11-01

    It is reported that Kerr-Newman and Kerr-Sen black holes are unstable to perturbations of charged massive scalar field. In this paper, we study analytically the complex frequencies which characterize charged massive scalar fields in a near-extremal Kerr-Sen black hole. For near-extremal Kerr-Sen black holes and for charged massive scalar fields in the eikonal large-mass M ≫μ regime, where M is the mass of the black hole, and μ is the mass of the charged scalar field, we have obtained a simple expression for the dimensionless ratio ωI/(ωR-ωc) , where ωI and ωR are, respectively, the imaginary and real parts of the frequency of the modes, and ωc is the critical frequency for the onset of super-radiance. We have also found our expression is consistent with the result of Hod [Phys. Rev. D 94, 044036 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevD.94.044036] for the case of a near-extremal Kerr-Newman black hole and the result of Zouros and Eardly [Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 118, 139 (1979), 10.1016/0003-4916(79)90237-9] for the case of neutral scalar fields in the background of a near-extremal Kerr black hole.

  9. Towards a Capability Approach to Careers: Applying Amartya Sen's Thinking to Career Guidance and Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Peter J.

    2015-01-01

    Amartya Sen's capability approach characterizes an individual's well-being in terms of what they are able to be, and what they are able to do. This framework for thinking has many commonalities with the core ideas in career guidance. Sen's approach is abstract and not in itself a complete or explanatory theory, but a case can be…

  10. Políticas sociais e luta de classes: uma crítica a Amartya Sen = Social policies and the class struggle: criticizing Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendonça, Luiz Jorge V. Pessoa de

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo desenvolve o argumento de que as políticas econômicas e sociais adotadas pelo Banco Mundial, tal como desenvolvida por Amartya Sen, não resolvem o problema da pobreza dos países subdesenvolvidos. Os pressupostos dessa teoria e as condições de vida das populações envolvidas acabam por justificar moralmente tais políticas, não se constituindo numa alternativa verdadeira de políticas sociais. Além disso, reproduz-se uma opção ideológica e política que desconhece a exploração capitalista e suas principais características. A alternativa marxista coloca-se, portanto, como uma alternativa de interpretação

  11. THE SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL VALUES OF ECLECTIC STYLE SHOPHOUSES CASE STUDY: SUN YAT SEN MUSEUM PENANG, MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Zwain

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The Sun Yat Sen shophouse in Penang is a small private Museum, which was converted from a shophouse or townhouse situated in the Armenian Street heritage area of George Town. The building is an example of embraces of the architectural heritage of George Town which is an extraordinarily beautiful example of Straits Settlements merchant's shophouse. Historically, it is associated with the global historical personality of Dr. Sun Yat Sen and his revolutionary. This city was added to the UNESCO's world heritage list in 2008 to acknowledge its rich cultural heritage that constitutes of unique architectural and cultural townscape along the Straits of Melaka. This paper investigates the architectural plan of a shophouse and the values of cultural heritage buildings which eventually was converted into a Museum in George Town, Penang. Classified as an eclectic style shophouse, it is rich in design and art components featured in its architecture that are still sustaining until today. This building has an interesting mixture of architectural and cultural inspirations adapted from the Chinese origin, with the local Malay ethnicity and the European influences that colonised the region. The introduction of new non related architectural components into the southern Chinese (eclectic style style in shophouses in George Town has resulted in the disappearance of this unique style of architecture. This investigation employs a qualitative research approach by documenting evidence and understanding the architectural as well as cultural influences of the southern Chinese eclectic style by studying the Sun Yat Sen Museum as a case study. The findings of the research point towards an understanding of the architectural and cultural influences that govern the design of the shophouse and its architectural character. Key words: sustainable architectural values, George Town, eclectic style, shophouses

  12. Sen and the Human Rights: Freedom as Material Object of Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ibáñez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Specifically we understand that the capability approach of Amartya Sen, is his greatest contribution to thinking about human rights. In this paper, in addition to placing its origin and significance for them, we will put in relation the capability approach with some contributions of liberation thought on Latin American as Ellacuría, highlighting its importance in connection with an intercultural vision human rights. We will discuss other relevant versions of the capability approach, specifically that of Martha Nussbaum. Finally, the most relevant reviews are located and the author's response to them.

  13. Identidad Social en Amartya Sen: vinculando libertad y responsabilidad en democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvajal Muñoz, María Rosario

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Social identity is plural, ambiguous, chosen, neither inherited nor merely discovered, and coexists harmoniously with other identities (Sen, 2001, p. 319. Identities related to capabilities, an aspect of freedom understood as the individual’s willingness to choose from among the substantive opportunities that exist (Sen, 2004, p. 520. At present, some identities are being constructed and reinforced, but others are being weakened, such as those relating to work. This text insists on the need to think about the connection between identity, freedom and responsibility. Identity without freedom is a chimera, but it is also impossible for identity and freedom to be present without responsibility, because identity is an option that is chosen, and as an action, needs both individual responsibility as well as responsibility to others. This enables the substantive opportunities that make it effective. This work is relevant because the existing literature does not stop to analyse these relationships explicitly.La identidad social es plural, no unívoca, elegida, no heredada ni meramente descubierta, y en convivencia armónica con otras identidades (Sen, 2001, p. 319. Las identidades remiten al término de capacidad, un aspecto de la libertad entendido como la disposición a elegir de los individuos a partir de la existencia de oportunidades sustantivas (Sen, 2004, p. 520. En la actualidad se construyen y refuerzan algunas identidades, pero también se debilitan otras, como las que afectan al ámbito laboral. Este texto insiste en la necesidad de reflexionar en la vinculación existente entre identidad, libertad y responsabilidad. La identidad sin libertad se hace quimera, pero la presencia de identidad y libertad sin responsabilidad se hace también imposible. Porque la identidad como opción que se elige, y que implica una acción, necesita tanto de la responsabilidad individual como de la responsabilidad para con otros posibilitando oportunidades

  14. Työilmapiiri ja sen heijastuminen asiakaspalveluun : tapaus Ravintola Newton ja Café Konehuone

    OpenAIRE

    Simpanen, Jenny

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tutkia opiskelijaravintola Ravintola Newtonin ja Café Konehuoneen työntekijöiden työilmapiiriä ja sen vaikutuksia asiakaspalveluun. Lisäksi tavoitteena oli vertailla Ravintola Newtonin ja Café Konehuoneen asiakkaiden kokemaa asiakaspalvelua keskenään. Työn toimeksiantajana toimi Juvenes-Yhtiöt Oy. Tutkimus toteutettiin Tampereen teknillisellä yliopistolla, missä Ravintola Newton ja Café Konehuone sijaitsevat. Samat työntekijät työskentelevät sekä ravintolassa ett...

  15. Productivity Improvement for the SHX--SEN's Single-Wafer High-Current Ion Implanter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ninomiya, Shiro; Ochi, Akihiro; Kimura, Yasuhiko; Yumiyama, Toshio; Kudo, Tetsuya; Kurose, Takeshi; Kariya, Hiroyuki; Tsukihara, Mitsukuni; Ishikawa, Koji; Ueno, Kazuyoshi

    2011-01-01

    Equipment productivity is a critical issue for device fabrication. For ion implantation, productivity is determined both by ion current at the wafer and by utilization efficiency of the ion beam. Such improvements not only result in higher fabrication efficiency but also reduce consumption of both electrical power and process gases. For high-current ion implanters, reduction of implant area is a key factor to increase efficiency. SEN has developed the SAVING system (Scanning Area Variation Implantation with Narrower Geometrical pattern) to address this opportunity. In this paper, three variations of the SAVING system are introduced along with discussion of their effects on fab productivity.

  16. Johannes Lohmann : une réflexion ontologique sur le sens et sur les langues

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connell, Anne-Marie

    2016-01-01

    Johannes Lohmann : une réflexion ontologique sur le sens et sur les langues Les recherches de l'universitaire allemand Johannes Lohmann (1895-1983), linguiste, philosophe et musicologue, se situent au confluent de plusieurs disciplines. Philologue de formation, il soutint son doctorat sur la philologie des langues slaves à Berlin en 1921 et reçut son habilitation en linguistique comparée sous la direction de Wilhelm Shulze. Elle fut suivie par une seconde en 1933 à l'université de Fribourg et...

  17. Influence of Se/N Codoping on the Structural, Optical, Electronic and Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelda Y. Gurkan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Se4+ and N3− ions were used as codopants to enhance the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 under sunlight irradiation. The Se/N codoped photocatalysts were prepared through a simple wet-impregnation method followed by heat treatment using SeCl4 and urea as the dopant sources. The prepared photocatalysts were well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, UV-diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-DRS, scanning electron microscopy (SEM and Raman spectroscopy. The codoped samples showed photoabsorption in the visible light range from 430 nm extending up to 580 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the Se/N codoped photocatalysts was evaluated by degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP. The degradation of 4-NP was highly increased for the Se/N codoped samples compared to the undoped and single doped samples under both UV-A and sunlight irradiation. Aiming to determine the electronic structure and dopant locations, quantum chemical modeling of the undoped and Se/N codoped anatase clusters was performed using Density Functional Theory (DFT calculations with the hybrid functional (B3LYP and double-zeta (LanL2DZ basis set. The results revealed that Se/N codoping of TiO2 reduces the band gap due to mixing of N2p with O2p orbitals in the valence band and also introduces additional electronic states originating from Se3p orbitals in the band gap.

  18. Mechanism-informed read-across assessment of skin sensitizers based on SkinSensDB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tung, Chun-Wei; Wang, Chia-Chi; Wang, Shan-Shan

    2018-02-24

    Integrative testing strategies using adverse outcome pathway (AOP)-based alternative assays for assessing skin sensitizers show the potential for replacing animal testing. However, the application of alternative assays for a large number of chemicals is still time-consuming and expensive. In order to facilitate the assessment of skin sensitizers based on integrative testing strategies, a mechanism-informed read-across assessment method was proposed and evaluated using data from SkinSensDB. First, the prediction performance of two integrated testing strategy models was evaluated giving the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 0.928 and 0.837 for predicting human and LLNA data, respectively. The proposed read-across prediction method achieves AUC values of 0.957 and 0.802 for predicting human and LLNA data, respectively, with interpretable activation statuses of AOP events. As data grows, a better prediction performance is expected. A user-friendly tool has been constructed and integrated into SkinSensDB that is publicly accessible at http://cwtung.kmu.edu.tw/skinsensdb. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Long-Term Outcome of Mustard/Senning Correction for Transposition of the Great Arteries in Sweden and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vejlstrup, Niels; Sørensen, Keld; Mattsson, Eva

    2015-01-01

    and leaves the right ventricle as the systemic ventricle. The Mustard and Senning cohort is now well into adulthood and we begin to see the long-term outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: All the 6 surgical centers that performed Mustard and Senning operations in Sweden and Denmark identified all operated TGA...... patients. Information about death was obtained in late 2007 and early 2008 from the Danish and Swedish Centralised Civil Register by using the patients' unique national Civil Registration Numbers. Four hundred sixty-eight patients undergoing the atrial switch operation were identified. Perioperative 30-day...... of long-term outcome (hazard ratio, 1.90; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.46, P=0.04), once the TGA patient has survived the perioperative period. The risk of reoperation was correlated to the presence of associated defects and where the first Mustard/Senning operation was performed. CONCLUSIONS: The long...

  20. Creación de la marca, manual de identidad corporativa y mobiliario para SenSa restobar.

    OpenAIRE

    MARÍN PORRIÑO, MARTA

    2017-01-01

    Creation of the brand of SenSa restobar through a study of the competition and analysis of the same. Realization of the manual of identity corporate of the brand. And development of a specific cocktail furniture for the establishment. Creación de la marca de SenSa restobar mediante un estudio de la competencia y análisis de los mismos. Realización del manual de identidad corporativa de la marca. Y desarrollo de un mueble para coctelería específico para el establecimiento. Marín Porriño,...

  1. Entwicklung von nanoporösen Gläsern mit kontrollierten Sorptionseigenschaften zur Verbesserung des Innenraumklimas

    OpenAIRE

    Somorowsky, Ferdinand

    2017-01-01

    Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde die prinzipielle Eignung von porösen Vycor®-Gläsern als Feuchteregulierungsmaterial für den Einsatz im Baubereich erarbeitet. Im Speziellen wurden die Einflüsse der Herstellungsparameter auf die Glaseigenschaften entwickelt und optimiert. Die porösen Glasflakes wurden in angepasste Putzsysteme implementiert und praxisnahe Untersuchungen der Wirksamkeit durchgeführt. Unterstützt wurden die Ergebnisse durch auf Messwerten basierte Simulationen des Gebäude...

  2. La discapacidad dentro del enfoque de capacidades y funcionamientos de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Toboso Martín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describen primeramente los tres modelos tradicionales que a lo largo de la Historia han servido a la sociedad como marco para el tratamiento de la discapacidad: el modelo de prescindencia, el modelo medico-rehabilitador (o asistencial y el modelo social. Se incluye, además, la descripción del recién planteado modelo de la diversidad. Tras ello, se describen los elementos esenciales del enfoque de capacidades y funcionamientos de Amartya Sen y su relación con los logros de bienestar, calidad de vida y libertad por parte de las personas. A continuación se exponen las dos clasificaciones de la OMS que abordan la cuestión de la discapacidad: la Clasificación Internacional de Deficiencias, Discapacidades y Minusvalías (CIDDM, de 1980, y la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, la Discapacidad y la Salud (CIF, de 2001. La noción de discapacidad se introduce en el enfoque de capacidades y funcionamientos a raíz de la importancia que otorga Sen a la diversidad de características propias y externas de las personas a la hora de valorar la desigualdad en el logro de funcionamientos valiosos. Nuestra propuesta es que el "conjunto capacidad" (que es el formado por todos los funcionamientos al alcance de la persona, y que así engloba sus diferentes formas y estilos de vida posibles no debe limitarse a recoger el conjunto de funcionamientos posibles de una persona "normal", sino que debería ampliar su marco para dar cabida igualmente a los funcionamientos diversos posibles para otras personas, al margen de esa ficción de "normalidad". Esta propuesta, es plenamente coherente con la importancia de la diversidad de las características humanas y circunstancias ambientales en el planteamiento de Amartya Sen, y de hecho lo amplía al incorporar esa misma diversidad en el conjunto de funcionamientos posibles que constituyen el conjunto capacidad de la persona.

  3. Explication du sens en classe de langue : le rôle du contexte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delorme Vera

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette communication propose de mettre en lumière les pratiques par lesquelles s'effectue l'explication du sens par le contexte dans les interactions verbales en classe de langue (français langue étrangère. Les pratiques en question – qui sont à la fois discursives et didactiques – consistent à construire un contexte fictionnel ou réel autour d’un élément à transmettre, pouvant être un mot, une expression ou encore un acte langagier, dans le but d’illustrer le sens de ce dernier. A travers l’analyse des transcriptions des interactions en classe de FLE (public adulte on mettra en évidence la diversité des moyens discursifs que les participants à l’interaction didactique utilisent dans la construction des contextes et on proposera la description du fonctionnement de ces derniers que l’on développera d'une part en nous appuyant sur la conceptualisation du contexte en linguistique interactionnelle, et d'autre part à partir de la notion du cadre de l’expérience (Goffman. Concernant ce dernier point, on insistera sur le fait que les « prémisses organisationnelles » des cadres jouent un rôle crucial dans la transmission des connaissances à travers la construction discursive des contextes car, d’une part, ils représentent les mécanismes qui permettent d’interpréter une situation construite et de ce fait, d’accéder au sens d’un élément à transmettre, et d’autre part, ces schèmes interprétatifs peuvent eux-mêmes faire partie du contenu à enseigner/apprendre. En outre, on soulignera que, dans la mesure où les cadres s’inscrivent dans la culture d’un groupe social donné, les contextes construits dans le discours véhiculent inévitablement une part de culturel.

  4. NIL fabrication of a polymer-based photonic sensor device in P3SENS project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannone, Domenico; Dortu, Fabian; Bernier, Damien; Johnson, Nigel P.; Sharp, Graham J.; Hou, Lianping; Khokhar, Ali Z.; Fürjes, Péter; Kurunczi, Sándor; Petrik, Peter; Horvath, Robert; Aalto, Timo; Kolari, Kai; Ylinen, Sami; Haatainen, Tomi; Egger, Holger

    2012-06-01

    We present the most recent results of EU funded project P3SENS (FP7-ICT-2009.3.8) aimed at the development of a low-cost and medium sensitivity polymer based photonic biosensor for point of care applications in proteomics. The fabrication of the polymer photonic chip (biosensor) using thermal nanoimprint lithography (NIL) is described. This technique offers the potential for very large production at reduced cost. However several technical challenges arise due to the properties of the used materials. We believe that, once the NIL technique has been optimised to the specific materials, it could be even transferred to a kind of roll-to-roll production for manufacturing a very large number of photonic devices at reduced cost.

  5. Reseña de libro La idea de Justicia de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Rodriguez Coronel

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La idea de la Justicia es un libro escrito por Amartya Sen, el ganador del premio Nobel de Economía de 1998. Representa la síntesis de más de 50 años de su investigación académica. Consta de 18 capítulos, de los cuales los diez primeros se refieren a cuestiones teóricas sobre la justicia y los restantes a temas relacionados con la aplicación de los fundamentos en los cuales se basan los juicios sobre la justicia. Entre estos temas se encuentran como principales: las libertades, las capacidades, los recursos, la felicidad, la igualdad y el bienestar.

  6. Capabilities and Choices: Do They Make Sen'se for Understanding Objective and Subjective Well-Being? An Empirical Test of Sen's Capability Framework on German and British Panel Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muffels, Ruud; Headey, Bruce

    2013-02-01

    In Sen's Capability Approach (CA) well-being can be defined as the freedom of choice to achieve the things in life which one has reason to value most for his or her personal life. Capabilities are in Sen's vocabulary therefore the real freedoms people have or the opportunities available to them. In this paper we examine the impact of capabilities alongside choices on well-being. There is a lot of theoretical work on Sen's capability framework but still a lack of empirical research in measuring and testing his capability model especially in a dynamic perspective. The contribution of the paper is first to test Sen's theoretical CA approach empirically using 25 years of German and 18 years of British data. Second, to examine to what extent the capability approach can explain long-term changes in well-being and third to view the impact on subjective as well as objective well-being in two clearly distinct welfare states. Three measures of well-being are constructed: life satisfaction for subjective well-being and relative income and employment security for objective well-being. We ran random and fixed effects GLS models. The findings strongly support Sen's capabilities framework and provide evidence on the way capabilities, choices and constraints matter for objective and subjective well-being. Capabilities pertaining to human capital, trust, altruism and risk taking, and choices to family, work-leisure, lifestyle and social behaviour show to strongly affect long-term changes in subjective and objective well-being though in a different way largely depending on the type of well-being measure used.

  7. Community-Involved Learning to Expand Possibilities for Vulnerable Children: A Critical Communicative, Sen's Capability, and Action Research Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung Hi

    2014-01-01

    This research, based on a case study of vulnerable children in Korea, used a mixed methods transformative approach to explore strategies to support and help disadvantaged children. The methodological approach includes three phases: a mixed methods contextual analysis, a qualitative dominant analysis based on Sen's capability approach and critical…

  8. Sen and the Art of Educational Maintenance: Evidencing a Capability, as Opposed to an Effectiveness, Approach to Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    There are few more widely applied terms in common parlance than "capability". It is used (inaccurately) to represent everything from the aspiration to provide opportunity to notions of innate academic ability, with everything in between claiming apostolic succession to Amartya Sen, who (with apologies to Aristotle) first developed the…

  9. Problem- and policy-analysis for human development : Sen in the light of Dewey, Myrdal, Streeten, Stretton and Haq

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractMuch of Amartya Sens work has been directly policy-related, but his methodology of policy analysis has not been explained in detail. Action-related social science involves value-imbued procedures that guide the numerous unavoidable choices. This theme was explored earlier by authors

  10. Disentangling the Circularity in Sen's Capability Approach: An Analysis of the Co-Evolution of Functioning Achievement and Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binder, Martin; Coad, Alex

    2011-01-01

    There is an ambiguity in Amartya Sen's capability approach as to what constitutes an individual's resources, conversion factors and valuable functionings. What we here call the "circularity problem" points to the fact that all three concepts seem to be mutually endogenous and interdependent. To econometrically account for this…

  11. SenSyF Experience on Integration of EO Services in a Generic, Cloud-Based EO Exploitation Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Nuno; Catarino, Nuno; Gutierrez, Antonio; Grosso, Nuno; Andrade, Joao; Caumont, Herve; Goncalves, Pedro; Villa, Guillermo; Mangin, Antoine; Serra, Romain; Johnsen, Harald; Grydeland, Tom; Emsley, Stephen; Jauch, Eduardo; Moreno, Jose; Ruiz, Antonio

    2016-08-01

    SenSyF is a cloud-based data processing framework for EO- based services. It has been pioneer in addressing Big Data issues from the Earth Observation point of view, and is a precursor of several of the technologies and methodologies that will be deployed in ESA's Thematic Exploitation Platforms and other related systems.The SenSyF system focuses on developing fully automated data management, together with access to a processing and exploitation framework, including Earth Observation specific tools. SenSyF is both a development and validation platform for data intensive applications using Earth Observation data. With SenSyF, scientific, institutional or commercial institutions developing EO- based applications and services can take advantage of distributed computational and storage resources, tailored for applications dependent on big Earth Observation data, and without resorting to deep infrastructure and technological investments.This paper describes the integration process and the experience gathered from different EO Service providers during the project.

  12. The Participation of Immigrant Families with Children with SEN in Schools: A Qualitative Study in the Area of Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paniagua, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    The context of Special Education is a privileged space to study participation. Most professionals and teachers have long assumed the participation and collaboration with families as a central tenet of their interventions. On the other hand, parents with children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) have also been described as being permanently…

  13. Teaching Assistants, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) and Special Educational Needs: "Reframing" the Learning Experience for Students with Mild SEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudliskis, Voldis

    2014-01-01

    This study examines how an understanding of two NLP concepts, the meta-model of language and the implementation of reframing, could be used to help teaching assistants enhance class-based interactions with students with mild SEN. Participants (students) completed a pre-intervention and a post-intervention "Beliefs About my Learning…

  14. A Question of Agency: Applying Sen's Theory of Human Capability to the Concept of Secondary School Student Career "Choice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galliott, Natal'ya; Graham, Linda J.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we seek to operationalize Amartya Sen's concept of human capability to guide a scholarly investigation of student career choice capability. We begin by outlining factors affecting youth labour markets in Australia; a prosperous country that is affected by a "two-speed" national economy. We then examine recent government…

  15. The role of the negative selection activities in securing the competence of an organization belonging to SEN units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boruga, Carmen

    2008-01-01

    The transformation and the accommodation of National Power System (SEN) units to a new management system, own to a decentralized economy and having financial support from both native capital and foreign capital, in uncertain proportion at the moment and being in a continuous adjustment determined by the reasons and the motivations first of all political, generated conceptual changes in the so-called modern management theory. The accommodation of this theory to the concrete situation from SEN units imposed the concept of negative selection. It is a concept which represents author's desire to be created as an original contribution to the contemporary management theory. Unlike the selection at the hiring (or positive selection), the negative selection is achieved on personal already employed, in the conditions of activities of a decreased number of personnel and also of a redistribution of personnel on the other side. The negative selection, much more than the positive selection activity in this period in the SEN units (recording a drastic decrease from 90.000 employees counted by the energetic system at the end of 9th decade of the past century, to a little over 30.000 who at the moment work in the societies became independent), determines the specialist in human resources to ensure a judicious training and high competence. It concerns the knowledge of the standard systems and is also related to the method of knowledge and valuation of behavior of the organizational employees. This subject was developed on basis of the documentation and the analyses of documents but also on the basis of a set of studies and researches that were made during 1996-2006 in the SEN units. The work methods and models of negative selection used in the SEN units were analysed. This work concerns four companies which constitute currently the SEN nucleus at present at which the nuclear units with a particular status were added. One finds out that these methods and models of negative selection

  16. Genomic characterization of a Brazilian TT Virus isolate closely related to SEN virus-F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Diniz-Mendes

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available SEN virus (SENV is a circular, single stranded DNA virus that has been first characterized in the serum of a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1-infected patient. Eight genotypes of SENV (A-H have been identified and further recognized as variants of TT virus (TTV in the family Circoviridae. Here we describe the first genomic characterization of a SENV isolate (5-A from South America. Using 'universal' primers, able to amplify most, if not all, TTV/SENV genotypes, a segment of > 3 kb was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from the serum of an HIV-1 infected patient. The amplicon was cloned and a 3087-nucleotide sequence was determined, that showed a high (85% homology with the sequence of the Italian isolate SENV-F. Proteins encoded by open reading frames (ORFs 1 to 4 consisted of 758, 129, 276, and 267 amino acids, respectively. By phylogenetic analysis, isolate 5-A was classified into TTV genotype 19 (phylogenetic group 3, together with SENV-F and TTV isolate SAa-38.

  17. Big Data, Deep Learning and Tianhe-2 at Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuen, D. A.; Dzwinel, W.; Liu, J.; Zhang, K.

    2014-12-01

    In this decade the big data revolution has permeated in many fields, ranging from financial transactions, medical surveys and scientific endeavors, because of the big opportunities people see ahead. What to do with all this data remains an intriguing question. This is where computer scientists together with applied mathematicians have made some significant inroads in developing deep learning techniques for unraveling new relationships among the different variables by means of correlation analysis and data-assimilation methods. Deep-learning and big data taken together is a grand challenge task in High-performance computing which demand both ultrafast speed and large memory. The Tianhe-2 recently installed at Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou is well positioned to take up this challenge because it is currently the world's fastest computer at 34 Petaflops. Each compute node of Tianhe-2 has two CPUs of Intel Xeon E5-2600 and three Xeon Phi accelerators. The Tianhe-2 has a very large fast memory RAM of 88 Gigabytes on each node. The system has a total memory of 1,375 Terabytes. All of these technical features will allow very high dimensional (more than 10) problem in deep learning to be explored carefully on the Tianhe-2. Problems in seismology which can be solved include three-dimensional seismic wave simulations of the whole Earth with a few km resolution and the recognition of new phases in seismic wave form from assemblage of large data sets.

  18. Paradokser om stat, sundhedsvæsen, professioner, viden, sygdom og sundhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian

    2016-01-01

    bestemte betingelser og de betingelser bliver så at sige bygget ind i vores krop og sjæl som en matrisse for, hvordan vi læser os selv og andre og mere eller mindre agerer i den sociale verden. Habitus er dog ikke en fast struktur som determinerer handling, den gør også rede for kreativitet i handlingerne...... sundhedsvæsenet og fremstille de økonomiske, sociale og kulturelle forhold som er med til at forme samme væsen. Styrken her er at tillægge en beskrivelse og en forklaring af sociale forhold og det er ikke hensigten at bidrage med normative ideer, dvs. anbefalinger om, hvordan dette eller hint kan forbedres...... politik og regulering af ministerielle områder (finans-økonomi, arbejdsmarked, sociale-pædagogiske-sundhedsmæssige områder, uddannelse, undervisning mv.), men også gennem deltagelse i regulering og styring af videnskab, institutioner og professioner relateret til sundhed og andre områder som...

  19. John Stuart Mill, John Rawls y Amartya Sen, los tres nombres de la equidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Lopera

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Tres autores como John Stuart Mill, John Rawls y Amartia Sen son objeto de análisis en este artículo que estudia el tema de la equidad en un contexto que se caracteriza por el abandono casi generalizado del estudio de los valores en relación a los grandes problemas económicos; el artículo defiende como necesaria la recuperación de las preocupaciones éticas en la ciencia económica. La segunda parte, presenta una bibliografía reciente presentada como respuesta a la obra de John Rawls a partir de 1985, cuando este autor da el llamado giro desde su teoría de la justicia como equidad hacia un reciente liberalismo político, período de gran interés para comprender las discusiones actuales de la filosofía política y el futuro de la discusión interdisciplinaria con la economía.

  20. Formes linguistiques, sens figuré et valeurs discursives.La logique affective de la litote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura - Elena Cîţu

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Le propos de l’approche ci-dessous est constitué par le sens figuré stable, tel qu’il se retrouve dans des formes linguistiques consacrées du type des expressions figées mais non seulement. Nous allons ainsi dégager certaines valeurs discursives associées à ce type de figurativité, valeurs constantes et récurrentes malgré la diversité des contextes d’emploi. Nous allons illustrer ce phénomène par la litote – procédé linguistique complexe dont l’étude permet le mariage de la linguistique et de la rhétorique dans une description à grand pouvoir explicatif. La démarche contrastive présente par ailleurs dans cette approche est envisagée surtout comme un outil d’analyse complémentaire, apte à mettre en évidence les mécanismes logico-sémantiques de la litote en tant que procédé rhétorique général.

  1. Directoras asiáticas en acción: Aparna Sen (1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Val Cubero

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-026X2014000100008 La obra cinematográfica de la directora bengalí Aparna Sen, a pesar de su alta calidad técnica y estética, es prácticamente desconocida en Latinoamérica y en Europa. En su larga trayectoria cinematográfica, la cineasta presenta obras en las que, partiendo de hechos cotidianos (relaciones de familia y de pareja, se exponen temas que hacen referencia a las diferencias de género dentro de un panorama que aborda los conflictos étnicos o religiosos o la destrucción del medio ambiente. Conocer y difundir su obra permite dar voz a una generación de mujeres directoras nacidas en la India que, a través de sus cámaras, no solo ha criticado las relaciones de poder, sino que también ha mostrado la importancia de la solidaridad entre generaciones para conseguir un mundo más justo.

  2. Enfoque de capacidades y sostenibilidad. Aportaciones de Amartya Sen y Martha Nussbaum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Colmenarejo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available La naturaleza interdisciplinar del “enfoque de las capacidades” (ca, por sus siglas en inglés ha hecho que su estudio se encuentre diseminado en un amplio espectro de revistas. Así el case ha asentado en las áreas de la filosofía política o la economía del desarrollo, y ha ampliado su alcance al ser utilizado como marco teórico para la creación de indicadores sobre la privación, la calidad de vida o la salud, o bien para abordar las cuestiones de la educación superior o el impacto de la tecnología en la vida de las personas. Se ofrece una visión general sobre los principales conceptos empleados en ese enfoque, buscando distinguir las propuestas de A. Sen y M. Nussbaum, con el fin de analizar la idea de sostenibilidad y su incorporación en la agenda del enfoque.

  3. Enfoque de capacidades y sostenibilidad Aportaciones de Amartya Sen y Martha Nussbaum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Colmenarejo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La naturaleza interdisciplinar del “enfoque de las capacidades” (ca, por sus siglas en inglés ha hecho que su estudio se encuentre diseminado en un amplio espectro de revistas. Así el ca se ha asentado en las áreas de la filosofía política o la economía del desarrollo, y ha ampliado su alcance al ser utilizado como marco teórico para la creación de indicadores sobre la privación, la calidad de vida o la salud, o bien para abordar las cuestiones de la educación superior o el impacto de la tecnología en la vida de las personas. Se ofrece una visión general sobre los principales conceptos empleados en ese enfoque, buscando distinguir las propuestas de A. Sen y M. Nussbaum, con el fin de analizar la idea de sostenibilidad y su incorporación en la agenda del enfoque.

  4. Spatial Preference Modelling for equitable infrastructure provision: an application of Sen's Capability Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wismadi, Arif; Zuidgeest, Mark; Brussel, Mark; van Maarseveen, Martin

    2014-01-01

    To determine whether the inclusion of spatial neighbourhood comparison factors in Preference Modelling allows spatial decision support systems (SDSSs) to better address spatial equity, we introduce Spatial Preference Modelling (SPM). To evaluate the effectiveness of this model in addressing equity, various standardisation functions in both Non-Spatial Preference Modelling and SPM are compared. The evaluation involves applying the model to a resource location-allocation problem for transport infrastructure in the Special Province of Yogyakarta in Indonesia. We apply Amartya Sen's Capability Approach to define opportunity to mobility as a non-income indicator. Using the extended Moran's I interpretation for spatial equity, we evaluate the distribution output regarding, first, `the spatial distribution patterns of priority targeting for allocation' (SPT) and, second, `the effect of new distribution patterns after location-allocation' (ELA). The Moran's I index of the initial map and its comparison with six patterns for SPT as well as ELA consistently indicates that the SPM is more effective for addressing spatial equity. We conclude that the inclusion of spatial neighbourhood comparison factors in Preference Modelling improves the capability of SDSS to address spatial equity. This study thus proposes a new formal method for SDSS with specific attention on resource location-allocation to address spatial equity.

  5. Amartya Sen e a escolha social: uma extensão da teoria da justiça de John Rawls? Amartya Sen and the social choice: is it an extension of John Rawls's theory of justice?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Regina Marin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo é apresentar a visão de Amartya Sen quanto à possibilidade da escolha social como um exercício comparativo e reflexivo com indivíduos comprometidos, tendo como ponto de partida a justiça como equidade de John Rawls. O argumento é o de que o agir por comprometimento e as várias identidades sociais estabelecidas pelos diferentes indivíduos durante suas vidas - considerando um conceito de indivíduo que não é o racional e autointeressado da Economia tradicional - são formas de desenvolver o pensamento seniano no que se refere ao processo de escolha social via raciocínio público, sem necessitar do conceito de racionalismo estrito como proposto na Economia.This paper presents Amartya Sen's view on the possibility of social choice as a comparative and reflexing exercise with committed individuals, having as starting point John Rawls' Justice as equity. The argument is that to act by commitment and the various social identities one develops during his/her life - considering a concept of individual that is not the rational and self-interested individual of traditional Economics - are ways for developing Sen's thinking related to process of social choice through public reasoning, without to adopt the concept of restrict rationalism like is proposed in Economics.

  6. Análisis del concepto de equidad educativa a la luz del enfoque de las capacidades de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Marta Formichella

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el concepto de equidad educativa desde la perspectiva de las capacidades propuesta por Amartya Sen. Para ello, en primer lugar se realiza una revisión de la literatura sobre la noción de equidad y se plantea una discusión filosófica al respecto. En segundo lugar, se lleva dicha discusión hacia el ámbito de la educación. En tercer lugar, en concordancia con la aproximación de Sen, se define el concepto de equidad educativa como igualdad en los resultados en las habilidades que adquieren los individuos luego de participar en el sistema educativo (nivel medio. Finalmente, se concluye que bajo esta concepción es posible recomendar políticas para compensar las diferencias de origen.

  7. Capacidades y libertad. Una aproximación a la teoría de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cejudo Córdoba, Rafael

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains Amartya Sen’s capabilities approach as a way of unifying most of his social philosophy. Capabilites are defined as the opportunities to enjoy several ways of life, and they provide the notion of aggregate welfare used in Human Development Reports of the United Nations Development Programme. Besides, capabilities approach provides a theory of liberty that I have called freedom as capability. In this way, Sen’s researches on famines and development, social choice and rights converge in a notion of freedom which is consistent with cultural differences. This concept is nor the liberal one neither the liberty as non-domination of republicanism, and Sen makes use of it in his defence of social welfare policies.

    Este artículo expone el enfoque de las capacidades de Amartya Sen como elemento unificador de buena parte de su filosofía social. Las capacidades se definen como las oportunidades para llevar una u otra clase de vida, y mediante ellas se obtiene la noción de bienestar agregado utilizada en los Informes sobre Desarrollo Humano elaborados por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. Al mismo tiempo, el enfoque de las capacidades proporciona una teoría de la libertad, que he denominado libertad como capacidad, mediante la cual los estudios de Sen sobre el hambre y el desarrollo, la elección social o los derechos convergen en una noción de libertad que aspira a superar las diferencias culturales. Este concepto ni es el liberal ni es tampoco la libertad como no-dominación del republicanismo, y mediante él Sen defiende la importancia de las políticas de bienestar social.

  8. Synergistic Exploitation of Hyper- and Multi-Spectral Precursor Sentinel Measurements to Determine Phytoplankton Functional Types (SynSenPFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana N. Losa

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available We derive the chlorophyll a concentration (Chla for three main phytoplankton functional types (PFTs – diatoms, coccolithophores and cyanobacteria – by combining satellite multispectral-based information, being of a high spatial and temporal resolution, with retrievals based on high resolution of PFT absorption properties derived from hyperspectral satellite measurements. The multispectral-based PFT Chla retrievals are based on a revised version of the empirical OC-PFT algorithm applied to the Ocean Color Climate Change Initiative (OC-CCI total Chla product. The PhytoDOAS analytical algorithm is used with some modifications to derive PFT Chla from SCIAMACHY hyperspectral measurements. To combine synergistically these two PFT products (OC-PFT and PhytoDOAS, an optimal interpolation is performed for each PFT in every OC-PFT sub-pixel within a PhytoDOAS pixel, given its Chla and its a priori error statistics. The synergistic product (SynSenPFT is presented for the period of August 2002 March 2012 and evaluated against PFT Chla data obtained from in situ marker pigment data and the NASA Ocean Biogeochemical Model simulations and satellite information on phytoplankton size. The most challenging aspects of the SynSenPFT algorithm implementation are discussed. Perspectives on SynSenPFT product improvements and prolongation of the time series over the next decades by adaptation to Sentinel multi- and hyperspectral instruments are highlighted.

  9. Nutrición parenteral intradiálisis en el enfermo renal crónico: Consenso SEN-SENPE Intra-dialysis parenteral nutrition in chronic renal patients: Consensus SEN-SENPE

    OpenAIRE

    A. García de Lorenzo; J. Arrieta; A. Ayúcar; G. Barril; E. Huarte

    2010-01-01

    Ante la alta prevalencia de la situación de malnutrición en pacientes en hemodiálisis y conociendo que ello implica un aumento de la tasa de infecciones, hospitalización y estancia lo que se traduce en un incremento de la morbimortalidad global, la Sociedad Española de Nefrología (SEN) y la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral (SENPE) realizan un consenso sobre las indicaciones, contraindicaciones y límites de la Nutrición Parenteral Intra Diálisis (NPID). En este consenso se c...

  10. Bronkopulmonaalinen dysplasia ja sen lääkehoito : Opetusmateriaalia inhaloitavista lääkkeistä

    OpenAIRE

    Vihlman, Janika; Järvinen, Enni

    2014-01-01

    Tuotokseen painottuvan opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tuottaa Tampereen ammattikorkeakoululle opetusmateriaalia inhaloitavista lääkkeistä. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli perehtyä opinnäytetyön aiheeseen, bronkopulmonaaliseen dysplasiaan (BPD) ja sen lääkehoitoon, ja tuotoksen kautta monipuolistaa Tampereen ammattikorkeakoulun hoitotyön koulutusohjelman opetusta. Tavoitteena oli tuotoksen kautta tutustua ja saada tietoa hyvästä lääkehoidon ohjauksesta vanhemmalle ja lapselle. BPD on piente...

  11. Collective Hunger in the Vision of Amartya Sen as One of the Impeditive Factors of Sustainable Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Torres Roberti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at collective hunger in the vision of Amartya Sen as one of the impeding factors of Sustainable Human Development. In the economist's view, collective hunger goes beyond chronic hunger, involves a sudden outbreak of deprivation for a portion of the population. To eliminate hunger in the modern world, it is crucial to understand the cause of collective hunger in a broad way, and not just because of some mechanical imbalance between food and population. By illustrating the deprivation of liberty, child labor is included as one of the impediments to sustainable human development.

  12. Uma miopia moral: A análise sensível do sertão de Miguilim

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Ferreira de Araújo Schittine

    2017-01-01

    O presente artigo trata do deslocamento apontado por Merleau-Ponty do campo da razão para os caminhos do sensível através do olhar míope do personagem Minguilim, da novela “Campo Geral”, de João Guimarães Rosa. Usando como fio condutor a deficiência visual da personagem principal vamos acompanhá-lo na transição do mundo infantil para o mundo adulto. Nesse percurso do microsaber (olhar das miudezas) para o macrosaber (o olhar turvo), Minguilim encontra passagens através de adultos como o alegr...

  13. Señalética como interfaz urbana: estudio de caso en Transmilenio - SITP, Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Chacón Chacón, Martha Estela

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo desarrolla como idea central el rol de la señalética en Transmilenio como elemento fundamental en la relación funcional entre los sistemas de movilidad y de equipamentos planteada en el POT (2003), atendiendo al concepto de accesibilidad perceptual como articulador entre los dos sistemas. La investigación se desarrolló en tres niveles: el primer nivel desarrolla la base conceptual; el segundo nivel analiza documentos oficiales (POT 2003 y Plan Maestro de Movilidad), y bus...

  14. Amartya Sen y el estudio de la desigualdad económica y la pobreza monetaria. Colombia: 1978-1997 The contributions of Amartya Sen to the study of inequality and poverty. Colombia 1978-1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguilar Ana

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el Índice de Pobreza y desigualdad de Amartya Sen, la familia de indicadores de Foster-Greer-Thorbecke y la forma en que se pueden utilizar uno y otra para determinar la magnitud de la pobreza y desigualdad en Colombia. Propone, además, que estos indicadores se utilicen para evaluar el incremento o la disminución de la desigualdad y la pobreza y para ajustar permanentemente las políticas económicas y sociales.This article presents Arnartya Sen's poverty and inequality index and the family of Foster-Greer-Thorbecke indicators, and the way in which they can be used to determine the magnitude of poverty and inequality in Colombia. In addition, it proposes that these indicators be used to evaluate the impact of social and economic policies on the poor population, to measure the increase or decrease in inequality and poverty, and to permanently adjust economic and social policies.

  15. Quantitative MRI comparison of systemic hemodynamics in Mustard/Senning repaired patients and healthy volunteers at rest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laffon, Eric; Jimenez, Maria; Choussat, Alain; Latrabe, Valerie; Ducassou, Dominique; Marthan, Roger; Laurent, Francois

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to non-invasively compare ascending aortic blood flow and cross-sectional area (CSA) variations vs time in Mustard or Senning repaired (MSR) patients against those of healthy volunteers at rest. Velocity-encoded MR imaging was performed in 10 male patients (age range 18-24 years, median age 20.5 years) late after a Mustard or Senning correction, and in 10 male healthy volunteers (age range 21-25 years, median age 22.5 years), at the upper part of the ascending aorta. Both aortic cross-sectional area (CSA) and blood-flow variations were recorded over a complete cardiac cycle, with a 30-ms time of resolution. The body-surface area (BSA), the mean CSA over the systolic phase, and the BSA-normalized systemic ventricle power and work were significantly lower in the patient series compared with those of the volunteer series. The BSA-normalized right ventricle (RV) power and work of MSR patients were equal to 87 and 83% on average of those of the left ventricle (LV) of healthy volunteers. We conclude that, at rest, the mechanical performance of the systemic RV in MSR patients is significantly lower than that of the LV in healthy volunteers. Furthermore, the significantly lower aortic CSA found in MSR patients than in healthy volunteers may reveal an increase in the vasomotor tone. (orig.)

  16. Medical curriculum reform in Sun Yat-sen University: implications from the results of GMER evaluation in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Haipeng; Xian, Liqing; Yu, Xueqing; Wang, Jianping

    2007-09-01

    Created by interlocking economies, a global language, the informatics revolution and rapid travel, globalization has penetrated all aspects of human life including science, environment, public health and medicine. Physicians are now members of a global community. The global physician should possess universal core essential competences required for medical practice throughout the world. The Institute for International Medical Education (IIME), created by the China Medical Board (CMB) of New York, has developed the " global minimal essential requirements" (GMER) that define the knowledge, skills, professional behavior and ethics that all physicians must have regardless of where they received their general medical education and training. The IIME initiated a pilot project in China in October, 2003, to evaluate the graduates of the 7- or 8-year track program of eight leading medical schools, including Medical School of Sun Yat-sen University. The results of GMER evaluation indicated strengths and areas for improvement of our school in relation to international standards, which greatly re-invigorate our enthusiasm on medical curriculum reform on the new 8-year track program in Medical School of Sun Yat-sen University. The modifications of our medical curriculum for the new 8-year track program based on the results of GMER evaluation are discussed in this paper.

  17. Simulation-based evaluation and optimization of a new CdZnTe gamma-camera architecture (HiSens)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robert, Charlotte; Montemont, Guillaume; Rebuffel, Veronique; Guerin, Lucie; Verger, Loick; Buvat, Irene

    2010-01-01

    A new gamma-camera architecture named HiSens is presented and evaluated. It consists of a parallel hole collimator, a pixelated CdZnTe (CZT) detector associated with specific electronics for 3D localization and dedicated reconstruction algorithms. To gain in efficiency, a high aperture collimator is used. The spatial resolution is preserved thanks to accurate 3D localization of the interactions inside the detector based on a fine sampling of the CZT detector and on the depth of interaction information. The performance of this architecture is characterized using Monte Carlo simulations in both planar and tomographic modes. Detective quantum efficiency (DQE) computations are then used to optimize the collimator aperture. In planar mode, the simulations show that the fine CZT detector pixelization increases the system sensitivity by 2 compared to a standard Anger camera without loss in spatial resolution. These results are then validated against experimental data. In SPECT, Monte Carlo simulations confirm the merits of the HiSens architecture observed in planar imaging.

  18. Interconnection of the Keys north of the country with the National Electro energetic System (SEN) through a submarine cable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sánchez Yañez, Pablo

    2017-01-01

    Most of the keys of the north of the country have a high potential for tourism Sun and beach, which is why each has an associated infrastructure that allows hotels have the necessary quality standards. Within this infrastructure the continuous electrical service must have each hotel to meet the needs of tourists stands. Today the keys are isolated from the SEN and electrical service is supplied by generators. These groups feed on fuel and diesel, and generate polluting gases near where the major hotel groups are. The problems in transporting fuel and pollution they generate have led to begin to analyze different ways of providing electric service stably in the keys. One possible option to address the problems generated by power generators in an isolated system is to interconnect the cay with SEN. This connection can be made in three ways; by airlines, underground cables or submarine cables. The airlines in the tourist areas are discarded because they affect the visuality this is why variants of underground cables or submarines are almost always handled. The proposal is to interconnect the keys with submarine cable where current conditions do not allow the use of underground cables. This interconnection can meet the demand of the keys stably and more reliably than current conditions. In addition to cases where there is a tourism growth should be no more generators only have a cable with the ability to transfer all the power needed. (author)

  19. Operação de Senning com a utilização de tecidos do próprio paciente Senning operation with autologous tissue for atrial septum augmentation or pulmonary venous pathway enlargement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando CANÊO

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available O grande atrativo da Operação de Senning como descrita originalmente é a utilização das paredes do próprio átrio do paciente para a realização dos túneis venosos. A atrioseptostomia por balão, utilizada atualmente na grande maioria dos casos de transposição das grandes artérias (TGA, cria grandes comunicações interatriais. Com isso, é necessário a utilização de enxertos biológicos ou sintéticos (Dacron, Teflon e pericárdio bovino na septação do átrio esquerdo. Doze crianças consecutivas, com idades de 5 meses a 4 anos (média = 20 meses, foram submetidas à Operação de Senning com a utilização de tecidos do próprio paciente. O diagnóstico era de TGA em 9, TGA com comunicação interventricular (CIV em 1, TGA com estenose pulmonar valvar discreta em 1, TGA com justaposição das aurículas em 1 caso e todas as crianças foram submetidas à atrioseptostomia com balão no período neonatal. Em 5 casos foi utilizada a aurícula esquerda aberta e invertida para a septação interatrial, 1 com inversão e, em 5, inversão com abertura da aurícula esquerda e uso do próprio pericárdio in situ para a realização do túnel das veias pulmonares, devido às reduzidas dimensões do átrio direito (1 caso de justaposição das aurículas. O tempo de internação variou de 10 a 24 dias (média 15 dias, sendo que o período de pós-operatório variou de 7 a 22 dias (média 12 dias. Não houve óbitos no período de internação hospitalar. O seguimento no pós-operatório foi de 8 a 34 meses (média 23 meses e todos os pacientes apresentaram boa evolução clínica. O ecocardiograma realizado no período de internação e no seguimento pós-operatório não evidenciou sinais de obstrução ao fluxo nos túneis intracardíacos. O uso de tecidos do próprio paciente in situ, com potencial possibilidade de crescimento, resgata a vantagem principal da técnica originalmente descrita por Senning.One of the main theoretical

  20. `KombiSens` (combined use of gas sensors with different technologies). Sub-project: Further development of electrochemical gas sensors for applications in sensor heads. Final report; `KombiSens` (Kombinierter Einsatz von Gassensoren verschiedener Technologien). Teilvorhaben: Weiterentwicklung elektrochemischer Gassensoren fuer den Einsatz in Sensorkoepfen. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bytyn, W.

    1997-04-01

    In the framework of the project `KombiSens - combined application of gas sensors of different technologies`, Messrs. Endress and Hauser worked on the improvement, optimisation or new development of electrochemical and IR photometric gas sensors. (orig./SR) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen des Verbundvorhabens `KombiSens - Kombinierter Einsatz von Gassensoren verschiedener Technologien` wurden von Endress und Hauser elektro-chemische sowie infrarotphotometrische Gassensoren fuer den Einsatz in Sensorsystemen verbessert und anwendungsspezifisch optimiert bzw. neuentwickelt. (orig./SR)

  1. sen 360° -datan vaikutukset Ylöjärven seurakunnan työn kehittämisprosessissa

    OpenAIRE

    Korppoo-Seppänen, Riikka

    2017-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää, onko Ylöjärven seurakunnan työn kehittämisprosessissa hyödynnetty Jäsen 360° -dataa ja miten se on vaikuttanut työn tekemiseen ja koko seurakunnan toiminnan suunnitteluun ja ohjaukseen. Tarkoituksena oli myös selvittää minkälaisissa tilanteissa ja miten kehittämisprosessi on muuttanut henkilöstön toimintatapoja sekä onko Jäsen 360° -datan avulla muutettu toiminnan suuntaamista. Tutkimuksen avulla selvitettiin Jäsen 360° -datan käytön rajoitteit...

  2. Le sens de l’observation est-il utile en sociologie ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Peneff

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Le sens de l’observation est non seulement utile mais indispensable en sociologie. Cette capacité est d’abord une pratique de la connaissance ordinaire mais elle peut s’affiner et se perfectionner. La sociologie française s’est récemment rapprochée de l’ethnographie et a opéré un renversement en faveur de l’observation, à la lumière des critiques sur la validité et sur le prétendu universalisme des formules classiques. Parmi les quatre grandes méthodologies sociologiques que sont les enquêtes par questionnaire, les interviews, l’étude de documents et l’observation sociologique, les trois premières ont leur histoire et leur inventaire instrumental est bien décrit, mais pas l’observation. Pourtant, en sociologie, plusieurs courants relatifs à l’observation ont cohabité. L’article s’attache à les retracer, à en détailler les conditions et à réhabiliter l’observation directe ou indirecte, spontanée ou préparée, présente ou légèrement rétrospective comme instrument indispensable à qui veut comprendre des univers sociaux éloignés du sien, tous ceux que l’on ne connaît guère intimement par contact direct.Is the sense of observation useful in sociology?The sense of observation is not only useful but it is essential in sociology. This ability is firstly an ordinary knowledge practice, but it can be refined and improved. French sociology got recently closer to ethnography and a change in favor of observation occurred, on the basis of the criticism of the validity and the so-called universalism of the classical formulas. Among the four major sociological methodologies, the survey investigations, the interviews, the document analysis, and the sociological observation, the three first ones have their history, and their tool inventory is properly described, except for observation. Yet, in sociology, several trends related to observation have lived together. This article attempts to retrace them, to

  3. Identitet og superhelter: Et blikk på utvalgte superhelter fra The Avengers og deres identitetsprosesser i en sen-moderne kontekst

    OpenAIRE

    Mork, Sigurd Andre

    2016-01-01

    I denne oppgaven tar jeg for meg identitetsprosesser, superhelter og endringer hos disse sett ut ifra dagens samfunn eller den sen-moderne kontekst. Hovedproblemstillingen min har da vært: «På hvilken måte kan superhelter forstås som uttrykk for identitetsprosesser i sen-moderne kontekst?» Av materiale å analysere har jeg brukt utvalgte superhelter fra gruppen The Avengers, slik de presenteres i de populærkulturelle uttrykkene film og tegneserie. Konkrete skikkelser er Captain America o...

  4. [Transcutaneous measurement of partial pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygen saturation: validation of the SenTec monitor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domingo, Ch; Canturri, E; Luján, M; Moreno, A; Espuelas, H; Marín, A

    2006-05-01

    To validate a monitor for transcutaneous measurement of oxygen saturation (SpO2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2). This observational study included 140 Caucasian nonsmokers without jaundice. Patients underwent forced spirometry, measurement of SpO2 and TcPCO2 with the SenTec monitor, and arterial blood gas analysis (readings with 2 devices) during the stabilization phase of the monitor. In the statistical analysis, values from the 2 devices for measuring arterial blood gases were compared by mean differences for PaCO2 and oxygen saturation (SaO2). The arithmetic mean of the 2 blood gas measurements was calculated and relations between them and the SpO2 and TcPCO2 were assessed by the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) as a measure of agreement. Bland-Altman analysis was used to test data dispersion. Ten patients were excluded due to a systematic error in the gas calibrator. The mean (SD) time to stabilization of the monitor before reading was 13.9 (2.4) minutes. The forced expiratory volume in the first second was greater than 80% in 40 patients, between 60% and 79% in 23, between 40% and 59% in 30, and less than 40% in 37. The mean (SD) differences between arterial blood gas measurements were 0.28 (1.0) mm Hg for PaCO2, -0.06% (0.86%) for SaO2, and -0.9 (2.7) mm Hg for PaO2. In the tests for correlation and agreement, r was 0.74 and ICC was 0.73 for SaO2 and SpO2; r was 0.92 and ICC was 0.92 for PaCO2 and TcPCO2. The subgroup analyses did not show any noteworthy differences. The Bland Altman analysis showed no significant dispersion. It was observed that the SenTec monitor underestimated oxygen saturation values by around 1% with respect to SaO2 and overestimated carbon dioxide pressure by 1 mm Hg with respect to PaCO2 values. The stabilization time recommended for the SenTec monitor before taking a reading is 20 minutes. The overestimates and underestimates by the monitor are not clinically

  5. Antibacterial resistances in uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women: ECO·SENS II data from primary health care in Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamenski Gustav

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI are a frequent reason for consultation of women in primary health care. To avoid therapy failure and development of resistances, the choice of an antibiotic should be based on the knowledge of recent local resistance data but these data are scarce for the Austrian primary health care sector. Within the context of the ECO·SENS II study it was the aim to obtain appropriate and relevant local resistance data and describe the changes in the resistance pattern in comparison to the ECO·SENS study. Methods 23 GPs from different parts of Austria participated in the study between July 2007 and November 2008. According to the defined inclusion- and exclusion criteria female patients with symptoms of an uncomplicated UTI were included and a midstream urine sample was collected. In case of significant bacteriuria susceptibility testing of E. coli against 14 antibiotics was performed. Descriptive statistical methods were used. Results In 313 patients included in the study, a total of 147 E. coli isolates (47% were detected and tested. The resistance rates were in %: Mecillinam (0.0, nitrofurantoin (0.7, fosfomycin trometamol (0.7, gentamycin (1.4, cefotaxime (2.7, ceftazidime (2.7, Cephadroxil (4.1 and ciprofloxacin (4.1. Higher resistance rates were found in amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (8.9, nalidixic acid (9.6, trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole (14.4, trimethoprim (15.8, sulphamethoxazole (21.2 and ampicillin (28.8. Additionally, the comparison of these results with the results of the ECO·SENS study demonstrated an increase in resistance rates of ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. Conclusions The resistance data for E. coli in uncomplicated UTIs in women gained by this study are the most recent data for this disease in Austria at the moment. The increased resistance rates of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid should be

  6. [Health and the good life: contributions by Amartya Sen's capability approach to ethical reasoning in public health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restrepo-Ochoa, Diego Alveiro

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this article is to analyze the contribution by Amartya Sen's capability approach to ethical reasoning in public health. Based on critiques by the capability approach towards utilitarianism, the article proposes a concept of health based on four characteristics: a pluralistic notion of good life, expansion of freedom as the ethical foundation for health actions, a concept of person as agent, and recognition of the inner view of health based on positional objectivity. The contribution by the capability approach to ethical reasoning in public health can be summarized in four points: insufficiency of healthcare as a criterion for individual advantage, health equity as a part of social justice, the relevance of individual self-rated health, and the development of capability as an ultimate goal of public policies in public health.

  7. Virus SEN: epidemiologia e sua relação com doenças hepáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Failace,Rogério; Sabino,Ester C.; Mendrone Junior,Alfredo

    2006-01-01

    Um vírus recentemente identificado e denominado como vírus SEN (SENV) tem sido considerado como um possível agente causador das hepatites não A-E. Trata-se de um DNA vírus de cadeia única, não-envelopado, pertencente à superfamília Circoviridae, com prevalência bastante variável em indivíduos saudáveis. Embora sua principal via de transmissão parece ser a parenteral, outras formas de transmissão não podem ser excluídas. Apesar da prevalência da infecção pelo SENV ser mais freqüente em pacient...

  8. Organic Synthetic Advanced Materials for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications (at National Sun Yat-sen University) 

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yen, Hung-Ju [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Chemistry Division

    2016-11-14

    These slides cover Hung-Ju Yen's recent work in the synthesis and structural design of functional materials, which were further used for optoelectronic and energy applications, such as lithium ion battery, solar cell, LED, electrochromic, and fuel cells. This was for a job interview at National Sun Yat-sen University. The following topics are detailed: current challenges for lithium-ion batteries; graphene, graphene oxide and nanographene; nanographenes with various functional groups; fine tune d-spacing through organic synthesis: varying functional group; schematic view of LIBs; nanographenes as LIB anode; rate performance (charging-discharging); electrochromic technology; electrochromic materials; advantages of triphenylamine; requirement of electrochromic materials for practical applications; low driving voltage and long cycle life; increasing the electroactive sites by multi-step synthetic procedures; synthetic route to starburst triarylamine-based polyamide; electrochromism ranging from visible to NIR region; transmissive to black electrochromism; RGB and CMY electrochromism.

  9. USO DOS REFERENCIAIS DE AMARTYA SEN NA ANÁLISE DE INTERVENÇÕES DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyntia Meireles de Oliveira

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available ResumoNo estudo das intervenções de desenvolvimento, Amartya Sen traz uma contribuição relevante, ao analisar que elas são construídas, de acordo com referenciais filosóficos e políticos, quais sejam ligados ao Utilitarismo, ao Libertarismo ou a Geração de Liberdades Substantivas. Segundo Sen, o Utilitarismo apresenta sua proposta de intervenção a partir da utilidade de ações e de regras propostas, sendo o foco principal a inovação; quanto ao Libertarismo, ele admite a igualdade formal de oportunidades, sendo que, para a sua concretização, há necessidade de se estabelecer o acesso dos cidadãos aos setores básicos de saúde, educação, infra-estrutura, saneamento, dentre outros; já a referência de Geração de Liberdades Substantivas evidencia que, para fins de intervenção, o espaço apropriado não seria essencialmente o das utilidades, nem tampouco o da provisão de bens primários, mas no sentido de gerar a capacidade e a oportunidade real para os indivíduos proverem seus objetivos após o término da intervenção. Assim, delimita-se uma análise para a tradução dos fundamentos das intervenções em termos operacionais, no que diz respeito, especificamente, aos objetivos, metas e estratégias. Foram estudadas cento e vinte e seis intervenções de desenvolvimento rural, dentre políticas, programas e projetos, com foco na melhoria das condições de vida das populações e na conservação dos recursos naturais, evidenciando o Estado do Pará como locus de estudo entre 1996-2005. Esta análise demonstra que, embora quase todas as intervenções tenham sido delineadas sob o pressuposto de desenvolvimento, a maior parte delas não apresenta referencial adequado para sua efetividade. ABSTRACT In the study of the development interventions, Amartya Sen brings a relevant contribution, when analyzing that they are built, in agreement with references linked to the Utilitarianism, to Formal Freedoms or, the Generation of

  10. A existência de "sistema sensório-motor integrado" em recém-nascidos humanos

    OpenAIRE

    Medeiros, Andréa Monteiro Correia

    2007-01-01

    Este artigo discute a existência de um "sistema sensório-motor integrado" a partir da infl uência do estímulo oro-gustativo na incidência dos contatos das mãos com a região oral, em recém-nascidos de até 36 horas de vida, em diferentes estados comportamentais. Fizeram parte da amostra 90 recém-nascidos, divididos em dois grupos de estímulo (sacarose e água), submetidos a testes com procedimento duplo-cego e duração de 15 minutos. O experimento foi filmado em VHS, sendo registradas a freqüênci...

  11. A existência de "sistema sensório-motor integrado" em recém-nascidos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Monteiro Correia Medeiros

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a existência de um "sistema sensório-motor integrado" a partir da infl uência do estímulo oro-gustativo na incidência dos contatos das mãos com a região oral, em recém-nascidos de até 36 horas de vida, em diferentes estados comportamentais. Fizeram parte da amostra 90 recém-nascidos, divididos em dois grupos de estímulo (sacarose e água, submetidos a testes com procedimento duplo-cego e duração de 15 minutos. O experimento foi filmado em VHS, sendo registradas a freqüência e a duração (em segundos dos Estados Comportamentais e Comportamentos Específi cos apresentados por cada recém-nascido. Observaram-no três juízes independentes, sendo aceitos os eventos registrados por pelo menos dois deles. Os dados foram tratados estatisticamente com a Análise de Variância (ANOVA, com nível de signifi cância de 5%. Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que o grupo sacarose obteve respostas mais significantes em relação ao grupo água para os comportamentos de levar as mãos à região oral, sugerindo maior "integração sensório-motora" na presença de estímulo preferencial pelo recém-nascido. A diferença estatisticamente signifi cante entre os estímulos ocorreu apenas para comportamentos do lado direito do corpo, apontando para um maior controle manual desse lado.

  12. Burnout and study engagement among medical students at Sun Yat-sen University, China: A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongchun; Yansane, Alfa Ibrahim; Zhang, Yurong; Fu, Haijun; Hong, Nanrui; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

    2018-04-01

    This study aims to investigate burnout and study engagement among medical students at Sun Yat-sen University, China.A cross-sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate medical students of Sun Yat-sen University, China. A total of 453 undergraduate students completed a self-administered, structured questionnaire between January and February, 2016. Burnout and study engagement were measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) and the UTRECHT Work Engagement Scale-Students (UWES-S), respectively. Subjects who scored high in emotional exhaustion subscale, high in cynicism subscale, and low in professional efficacy subscale simultaneously were graded as having high risk of burnout. Independent sample t tests and chi-square tests were used to compare the differences in burnout and work engagement between genders, majors, and grade levels.The means (standard deviations) of the MBI-SS subscales were 3.42 (1.45) for emotional exhaustion, 2.34 (1.64) for cynicism, and 3.04 (1.30) for professional efficacy. The means (standard deviations) of the UWES-S subscales were 3.13 (1.49) for vigor, 3.44 (1.47) for dedication and 3.00 (1.51) for absorption. Approximately 1 in 11 students experienced a high risk of burnout. There were no statistically significant gender differences in burnout and study engagement. There were also no statistically significant differences in burnout and study engagement subscales according to student major. Students in higher grades displayed increased burnout risk, higher mean burnout subscale score of cynicism, lower mean burnout subscale score of professional efficacy, and decreased mean study engagement subscale scores of dedication and absorption. There were strong correlations within study engagement subscales.Chinese medical students in this university experience a high level of burnout. Students at higher-grade level experience more burnout and decreased study engagement compared with students in lower level.

  13. OIG News Release: EPA IG responds to Sen. Vitter's letter about audit report on agency's use of private and alias email accounts to conduct official business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur A. Elkins Jr., Inspector General for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, has replied to a letter signed and released to the public February 20 byU.S. Sen. David Vitter, Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.

  14. Understanding the conviction of Binayak Sen: Neocolonialism, political violence and the political economy of health in the central Indian tribal belt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Jonathan J; King, Lawrence P

    2011-05-01

    The health of adivasis' (Scheduled Tribes or indigenous peoples) is far worse than the general Indian population. Binayak Sen, a renowned Indian public health practitioner, has worked with adivasis in central India for over thirty years. On Christmas Eve 2010 Sen was convicted of involvement with Maoist insurgents and sentenced to life in prison. Sen's conviction has been condemned by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, and medical journals such as The Lancet and the British Medical Journal are campaigning for his release. This short report addresses the apparently vexing question of how such a miscarriage of justice could happen to a well-reputed physician in a country that is widely referred to as 'the world's largest democracy'. Both Sen's conviction and the health crisis among adivasis in central India are symptoms of what Paul Farmer (2005) refers to as 'deeper pathologies of power'; specifically, the neocolonial political economy in which the state is very active in dispossessing adivasis but inactive in providing benevolent functions. Thus, the case demonstrates the manner in which public health is intimately related to social, economic and political processes. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Parents' Involvement in Inclusive Education: An Empirical Test for the Psycho-Educational Development of Learners with Special Education Needs (SENs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afolabi, Olusegun Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    There is mounting evidence that involvement paradigm is a major strategy that supports positive learning outcomes and is critically vital for educating learners with special educational needs (SENs). To illuminate the parental involvement concept and potential in a concrete context, this paper explains 1) the empirical literature that explains the…

  16. Utilization of logging waste from mechanical spruce dominated final cuttings; Koneellisen puunkorjuun hakkuutaehteiden hyoedyntaeminen biopolttoaineena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebeling, J [Jaakko Poeyry Consulting Oy, Vantaa (Finland)

    1997-12-01

    The aim of the project has been to improve the economy of collecting logging waste from spruce dominated mechanised final felling. This section of the biomass is regarded as the most promising alternative biofuel source. The project compared different systems of collecting this raw material and concluded, that the most economical way to do this was (1) to integrate the transport of logging waste from the forest to the road side with the transport of logs using the equipment already at the site. The use of a separate tractor proved uneconomical compared to the integrated system. (2) Chip the logging waste at the road side with an integrated chipping and transport lorry (truck) equipped with three 20 feet standard or modified containers. The total cargo space in the lorry is thus around 100 m{sup 3} loose volume. The economical transport distance of this equipment is around under 100 km one way distance. The report contains also detailed drawings of the technical solution arrived at. The main idea is to use a module structure, where the chipper - the Bruks 803CT - is located together with most of the hydraulics, crane and the control equipment. The only outside connections needed are the hydraulic pressure from the pump and the operational unit with the necessary electrical panel. Thus the assembly and installation of the module on the lorry is rapid and the quality of the work can be maintained high. The operation is designed on the basis of one man operation and in such away that the need to for the driver-operator to step down from the controls is minimised. In normal situation the operation can be fully accomplished from the drivers cab - even when changing the containers

  17. Energy well. Ground-source heat in one-family houses; Energiakaivo. Maalaemmoen hyoedyntaeminen pientaloissa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juvonen, J.; Lapinlampi, T.

    2013-08-15

    This guide deals with the legislation, planning, building, usage and maintenance of ground-source heat systems. The guide gives recommendations and instructions on national level on the permit practices and how to carry out the whole ground-source heat system project. The main focus of the guide is on energy wells for one-family houses. The principle is that an action permit is needed to build a ground-source heat system. On ground water areas a permit according to the water act may also be required. To avoid any problems, the placement of the system needs to be planned precisely. This guide gives a comprehension to the orderer on the issues that need to be considered before ordering, during construction, when the system is running and when giving up the use of the ground-source heat system. (orig.)

  18. Uma miopia moral: A análise sensível do sertão de Miguilim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Ferreira de Araújo Schittine

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata do deslocamento apontado por Merleau-Ponty do campo da razão para os caminhos do sensível através do olhar míope do personagem Minguilim, da novela “Campo Geral”, de João Guimarães Rosa. Usando como fio condutor a deficiência visual da personagem principal vamos acompanhá-lo na transição do mundo infantil para o mundo adulto. Nesse percurso do microsaber (olhar das miudezas para o macrosaber (o olhar turvo, Minguilim encontra passagens através de adultos como o alegre seu Aristeu e a contadora de histórias Siàrlinda ou do discurso do irmão Dito, que consegue conversar com os mais velhos. Em oposição ao “falar”, Minguilim desenvolve o “olhar” numa percepção do mundo que passa pela observação do detalhe. Sua mirada, que entrega ao leitor uma lupa, limita a sua visão para fora, mas a expande para dentro retornando à camada do sensível e encontrando o poder poético. Há duas travessias no texto: o luto pela perda do irmão Dito e a descoberta da beleza de Mutum através do uso dos óculos, emprestados por um estranho. É por meio de dicotomias básicas entre as cores e o negro, o perto e o longe, o visto e o não visto, a fé e o luto, o lúdico e o real que o menino realiza os seus primeiros questionamentos e a sua entrada ao universo dos adultos. Miguilim vai encontrar as respostas ao enfrentar o pai e a doença e pelo alargamento da visão e da linguagem proposto com maestria por Guimarães Rosa.

  19. Políticas públicas, pobreza e desigualdade no Brasil: apontamentos a partir do enfoque analítico de Amartya Sen = Public Policies, Poverty and Unequality in Brazil: appointments from an analytical approach of Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribeiro, Cláudio Oliveira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a relação entre políticas públicas, pobreza e desigualdade no Brasil contemporâneo, identificando os elementos que, historicamente, têm implicado negativamente sobre o processo de desenvolvimento nacional. Assim, a partir dos dados elaborados pelo IBGE, no Censo Estatístico de 2000 e na Síntese de Indicadores Sociais do Instituto Brasileiro, atualizados até 2005, procura demonstrar que a desigualdade, e não necessariamente a pobreza, é o aspecto distintivo da sociedade brasileira. Para isso utilizamos o enfoque analítico proposto Amartya Sem, em sua obra Desenvolvimento como liberdade, por considerarmos ferramenta apropriada e eficaz para a promoção e avaliação de políticas públicas destinadas a combater a situação da pobreza e da desigualdade observada na realidade nacional. Para tanto, a introdução e a primeira parte deste texto contemplam um panorama geral da pobreza no Brasil. Em seguida, apresenta-se uma avaliação da obra de Sen, buscando destacar as principais hipóteses e variáveis empregadas por este autor e a pertinência das mesmas para a realidade brasileira. A conclusão pretende contemplar o conjunto das informações apresentadas, assegurando a linha de interpretação proposta

  20. ¿Qué podemos pedir a una teoría de la justicia? Algunas consideraciones acerca de un debate entre Amartya Sen y John Rawls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biondo, Francesco

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to revise Sen’s thesis about the «transcendental» nature of Rawls’ theory of justice. According to Sen transcendental theories of justice are unnecessary. What we aim at is to justify a series of comparative judgements about two or more states of affairs.We do not strive, unlike Rawls, to form a complete system of moral principles that backs an «ideal just society». I try to show that Sen’s «comparative» account is weak. First of all, Sen does not offer a fair interpretation of Rawls’ theory. In particular, he is wrong when he depicts Rawls’ justice as fairness as a complete and transcendental moral doctrine. Secondly, Sen overlooks the fact that in order to justify comparative evaluations of states of affairs we must assume as valid a particular moral doctrine. Finally I try to solve the problem about the contrast between transcendental and comparative account by offering a transcendental outlook to questions of justice that is, at the same time, pluralist and incomplete.

    En este trabajo intento exponer las tesis de Sen sobre las características que demandamos a una teoría satisfactoria de la justicia, y sus críticas al modelo «trascendental» de teoría, que según él es lo que Rawls persigue. Según Sen, este modelo es inaceptable por ser inalcanzable e innecesario; lo que en nuestra práctica argumentativa intentamos lograr son juicios comparativos entre situaciones reales, y no sistemas completos de proposiciones acerca de ideales de la sociedad justa. Intentaré argumentar que el enfoque metaético de Sen es débil por dos razones: no ofrece una reconstrucción adecuada de la teoría de Rawls, equivocándose sobre su carácter «completo», y no explica de qué manera los juicios comparativos de valor entre dos situaciones sociales no sean el resultado de una teoría «trascendental» de la justicia. Me propongo, entonces, solucionar el problema, presentando una mirada trascendental de las

  1. Science, Technology and Innovation as Social Goods for Development: Rethinking Research Capacity Building from Sen's Capabilities Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mormina, Maru

    2018-03-01

    Science and technology are key to economic and social development, yet the capacity for scientific innovation remains globally unequally distributed. Although a priority for development cooperation, building or developing research capacity is often reduced in practice to promoting knowledge transfers, for example through North-South partnerships. Research capacity building/development tends to focus on developing scientists' technical competencies through training, without parallel investments to develop and sustain the socioeconomic and political structures that facilitate knowledge creation. This, the paper argues, significantly contributes to the scientific divide between developed and developing countries more than any skills shortage. Using Charles Taylor's concept of irreducibly social goods, the paper extends Sen's Capabilities Approach beyond its traditional focus on individual entitlements to present a view of scientific knowledge as a social good and the capability to produce it as a social capability. Expanding this capability requires going beyond current fragmented approaches to research capacity building to holistically strengthen the different social, political and economic structures that make up a nation's innovation system. This has implications for the interpretation of human rights instruments beyond their current focus on access to knowledge and for focusing science policy and global research partnerships to design approaches to capacity building/development beyond individual training/skills building.

  2. Campesinato, abordagem das capacitações e o pensamento de Amartya Sen: da crítica ao marxismo ao novo paradigma do desenvolvimento.

    OpenAIRE

    MARTINELLO, André Souza; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

    2013-01-01

    Através de elaborações teóricas de Amartya Sen em relação ao desenvolvimento, faz-se inicialmente críticas ao marxismo clássico no que concerne as suas concepções de rural e de campesinato. Apresentam-se na segunda seção do artigo, os pontos mais importantes e a contribuição das idéias de Sen. Ao longo do trabalho, outras bibliografias e perspectivas teóricas são utilizadas (autores como Vladimir I. Lênin, Alexander Chayanov e Karl Polanyi) na intenção de cruzar idéias e aprofundar a abordage...

  3. La libertad como relación social: Una interpretación sociológica del enfoque de las capacidades de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo OTANO JIMÉNEZ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze, from a sociological viewpoint, the theoretical and methodological challenges posed by Amartya Sen in his textbook Development as Freedom. The concept of freedom, according with Sen, includes what he calls the «opportunity aspect» and the «process aspect» of freedom. My argument is that the human development paradigm has been more focused in exploring the former than the latter, ignoring the relational dimension of human agency. In order to extend the reach of the capability approach in this direction, I propose to accept three complementary premises: 1 that freedom is a social relationship; 2 that the fights for equality are always constrained by power relations; 3 that the agents in these scenarios are collective actors, rather than individuals.

  4. Le coupé décalé en Côte d'Ivoire : Sens et enjeux d'un succès musical

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 mars 2007 ... Le coupé décalé en Côte d'Ivoire : Sens et enjeux d'un succès musical. Franck Gawa, l'université Félix-Houphouët Boigny d'Abidjan Cocody. Email : gfranckghislain@yahoo.com. Abstract. This article is an explanatory contribution of the current success of the cut offset a new Ivorian musical genre occurred ...

  5. GRANDES ESPERANÇAS EM UM MUNDO DE INJUSTIÇAS: INTERFACES ENTRE AMARTYA SEN E CHARLES DICKENS / GREAT EXPECTATIONS IN A WORLD OF INJUSTICE: INTERFACES BETWEEN AMARTYA SEN AND CHARLES DICKENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Augusto Gravatá Nicoli

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper promotes a comparison between Amartya Sen’s Idea of Justice and the masterpiece Great Expectations of English novelist Charles Dickens, published in 1860, shedding light on proximities and counterpoints between the theory of Sen and the experience of Dickens’ characters. This correlation departs from the epigraph of Sen’s work, which evokes the injustices experienced by the protagonist Pip in Great Expectations, opening a project of justice. For this purpose, the structural dimensions of Sen’s theory of justice will be revisited, as a concrete project for removal of injustices on the lines of rational argumentation and the theory of social choice, opposed to transcendent theories. In its turn, the universe of the boy Pip of Great Expectations reveals the complex path from childhood innocence to obsession and snobbery, with hopes and frustrations built in the backdrop of Victorian England, with the deep wound of poverty and inequality as a legacy of Industrial Revolution. Dickens, in this sense, is at once a sharp critic of his time, engaging in social transformation, and a master in exploring the psychological dynamics of human relationships. Hence, the authors become close on the poignant portrayal of injustice, demanding maximum and immediate removal. They are perhaps apart on the invitation to reflect abstractly on justice and ethics in itself, as well as on the weight given to the institutions. In any case, to reflect over justice in this shared space, in which the evocative power and communicative reach of ideas are expanded, becomes an enriching exercise in all senses.

  6. Control of CydB and GltA1 expression by the SenX3 RegX3 two component regulatory system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gretta Roberts

    Full Text Available Two component regulatory systems are used widely by bacteria to coordinate changes in global gene expression profiles in response to environmental signals. The SenX3-RegX3 two component system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has previously been shown to play a role in virulence and phosphate-responsive control of gene expression. We demonstrate that expression of SenX3-RegX3 is controlled in response to growth conditions, although the absolute changes are small. Global gene expression profiling of a RegX3 deletion strain and wild-type strain in different culture conditions (static, microaerobic, anaerobic, as well as in an over-expressing strain identified a number of genes with changed expression patterns. Among those were genes previously identified as differentially regulated in aerobic culture, including ald (encoding alanine dehydrogenase cyd,encoding a subunit of the cytochrome D ubiquinol oxidase, and gltA1, encoding a citrate synthase. Promoter activity in the upstream regions of both cydB and gltA1 was altered in the RegX3 deletion strain. DNA-binding assays confirmed that RegX3 binds to the promoter regions of ald, cydB and gltA1 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. Taken together these data suggest a direct role for the SenX-RegX3 system in modulating expression of aerobic respiration, in addition to its role during phosphate limitation.

  7. SenStick: Comprehensive Sensing Platform with an Ultra Tiny All-In-One Sensor Board for IoT Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yugo Nakamura

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a comprehensive sensing platform called SenStick, which is composed of hardware (ultra tiny all-in-one sensor board, software (iOS, Android, and PC, and 3D case data. The platform aims to allow all the researchers to start IoT research, such as activity recognition and context estimation, easily and efficiently. The most important contribution is the hardware that we have designed. Various sensors often used for research are embedded in an ultra tiny board with the size of 50 mm (W × 10 mm (H × 5 mm (D and weight around 3 g including a battery. Concretely, the following sensors are embedded on this board: acceleration, gyro, magnetic, light, UV, temperature, humidity, and pressure. In addition, this board has BLE (Bluetooth low energy connectivity and capability of a rechargeable battery. By using 110 mAh battery, it can run more than 15 hours. The most different point from other similar boards is that our board has a large flash memory for logging all the data without a smartphone. By using SenStick, all the users can collect various data easily and focus on IoT data analytics. In this paper, we introduce SenStick platform and some case studies. Through the user study, we confirmed the usefulness of our proposed platform.

  8. Donner sens et reconnaissance : une mémoire familiale de la répression stalinienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Levesque

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours en Russie, parmi les diverses interprétations du passé soviétique, une portion de la population tend à réactualiser la mise en valeur des réalisations technologiques, scientifiques et politiques du régime stalinien. Dans cette optique, l’histoire des répressions est préférablement mise de côté ou son importance minimisée. L’oubli est une menace constante pour les survivants des répressions mais plusieurs espèrent, malgré la diminution de l’intérêt manifesté par le public, obtenir une place dans le récit historique collectif. Certaines victimes font face à l’oubli et cherchent à donner un sens à leur expérience tragique par le biais de la narration. Lorsque ces dernières disparaissent, ce sont parfois leurs descendants qui poursuivent le travail de mémoire. La fille d’un intellectuel kazakh réprimé dans les années 1930, Larissa Kouderina, tente de rétablir la vérité sur le passé de sa famille. Elle souhaite également, dans une perspective plus vaste, faire reconnaître l’histoire de tout un groupe d’intellectuels kazakhs du début du XXe siècle. Pour réaliser ses objectifs, elle a d’abord publié les mémoires de sa mère ainsi qu’un essai qu’elle a rédigé sur l’histoire de son père et de la « première intelligentsia » à laquelle il appartenait. Depuis, elle prépare et espère un jour ouvrir un petit musée dédié à cette dernière. Ses publications et son musée constituent, dans ma perspective de recherche, les composantes d’un projet de commémoration. Ce projet est en quelque sorte une mission qu’elle s’est donnée, qui donne sens à sa vie et qui contribue à la construction de son identité. Dans cet article, j’observe comment les discours de l’histoire et de la mémoire sont conjugués à l’intérieur de son projet et comment elle s’est constituée en porte-parole non seulement de sa famille mais aussi d’une génération intellectuelle.

  9. Near Field and Tunnel Effects Study of Controlled Source Magnetotellurics on the Hallandsåsen Horst; Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, C.; Pedersen, L.

    2012-04-01

    In nearly all studies conducted in Sweden using the EnviroMT controlled source technique, near field effects can be seen at frequencies below 15 kHz. In this study a profile parallel to the Hallandsåsen railway tunnel in southern Sweden crossing the 2D Hallandsåsen horst, the electromagnetic response is further influenced by the conductive armed concrete coating the tunnel walls at a depth of 150 m below the surface. Thus the problem of simulating the electromagnetic response from the 3D structure using a controlled source becomes complicated and inversion results based upon 2D models must be interpreted with care. A synthetic 3D model consisting of two conductive zones crossing the profile and one tunnel parallel to the profile was set up and the responses were calculated using the 3D forward program X3D (Avdeev, 2006) to study both the near field effect and the tunnel effect. The geometry of transmitters and receivers was the same as for the field measurements conducted earlier. Apparent resistivity and phase responses are quite similar to those of the real data in both current modes (parallel and orthogonal to the tunnel). A transitional zone between the near field and far field was seen in the synthetic response with dropping apparent resistivity compared with the plane wave response. This effect is more obvious in parallel mode with the electric current perpendicular to the conductive zones and parallel to the tunnel. When comparing this response to the model response without the tunnel, the differences between the apparent resistivity in the parallel mode show that the conductive tunnel reduces the near field effect. In the perpendicular mode, there is only a small near field effect. The difference between the responses with and without tunnel in the perpendicular mode is very small, indicating that the apparent resistivity is not much influenced by the conductor. The phase in the parallel mode only drops at the stations close to the source, but without

  10. Mr Huidong LI Deputy Chairman and Secretary-General, Rev. Committee of Chinese Nationalist Party Vice President, Sun Yat-Sen Culture Interchange Association of China Member, Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs of the National People's Congress of China

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    Mr Huidong LI Deputy Chairman and Secretary-General, Rev. Committee of Chinese Nationalist Party Vice President, Sun Yat-Sen Culture Interchange Association of China Member, Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs of the National People's Congress of China

  11. Sen, Prof. Kalidas

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 9 June 1948. Specialization: Quantum Model Potentials, Density Functional Theory, Confined Systems, Information Theory, Statistical Complexity Address: Emeritus Professor, School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, A.P.. Contact: Office: (040) 2313 4809. Mobile: 96520 09749

  12. Sen, Dr Ranjan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SINP), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 16 November 1967. Specialization: Microbiology Address: Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Nampally, Hyderabad 500 001, A.P.. Contact: Office: (040) 2474 9428. Residence: (040) 2715 8703

  13. Sen, Prof. Kalidas

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Quantum Model Potentials, Density Functional Theory, Confined Systems, Information Theory, Statistical Complexity Address: Emeritus Professor, School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, A.P.. Contact: Office: (040) 2313 4809. Mobile: 96520 09749. Fax: (040) 2301 2460

  14. Sen, Prof. Diptiman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Princeton), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 17 January 1959. Specialization: Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics and Quantum Field Theory Address: Professor, Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka

  15. Le sens du portrait.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Apprill

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available À l’entrée du vieux port de Marseille, le projet Euroméditerranée prévoit la construction d’un musée, le Musée des Civilisations de l’Europe et de la Méditerranée (M ucem . Il accueillera les anciennes collections du Musée National des Arts et Traditions Populaires (M natp que les badauds en promenade au jardin d’acclimatation croisaient sans le savoir. Un concours d’architecture a été lancé, remporté par un architecte de la région, Rudy Riccioti. Son projet ...

  16. Sen, Prof. Sandeep

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Duke). Date of birth: 24 May 1962. Specialization: Algorithms (Sequential & Parallel), Probabilistic Analysis & Randomization and Computational Geometry Address: Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, ...

  17. SENS ET TRAVAIL

    OpenAIRE

    Delassus , Eric

    2013-01-01

    Men are always in search of meaning. Whatever they do, even if they have, it has to be meaningful, it has to mean something. So we must ask ourselves what drives men to always want to give meaning to what they are doing and what we might call the virtues of sense. Indeed, activity, even painful, provides about who performs some satisfaction if he can make sense of it. Also, is it important for a manager to consider the work and the need to make sense of it so that it does not live on the mode...

  18. A lack of vision: evidence for poor communication of visual problems and support needs in education statements/plans for children with SEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, J-A; Saunders, K J

    2015-02-01

    Visual dysfunction is more common in children with neurological impairments and previous studies have recommended such children receive visual and refractive assessment. In the UK, children with neurological impairment often have educational statementing for Special Educational Needs (SEN) and the statement should detail all health care and support needs to ensure the child's needs are met during school life. This study examined the representation of visual information in statements of SEN and compared this to orthoptic visual information from school visual assessments for children in a special school in Northern Ireland, UK. The parents of 115 school children in a special school were informed about the study via written information. Participation involved parents permitting the researchers to access their child's SEN educational statement and orthoptic clinical records. Statement information was accessed for 28 participants aged between four and 19 years; 25 contained visual information. Two participants were identified in their statements as having a certification of visual impairment. An additional 10 children had visual acuity ≥ 0.3 logMAR. This visual deficit was not reported in statements in eight out of these 12 cases (67%). 11 participants had significant refractive error and wore spectacles, but only five (45%) had this requirement recorded in their statement. Overall, 10 participants (55%) had either reduced visual acuity or significant refractive error which was not recorded in their statement. Despite additional visual needs being common, and described in clinical records, the majority of those with reduced vision and/or spectacle requirements did not have this information included in their statement. If visual limitations are not recognized by educational services, the child's needs may not be met during school life. More comprehensive eye care services, embedded with stakeholder communication and links to education are necessary to improve

  19. Molecular and epidemiological characterization of staphylococcal foodborne outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus harboring seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, and selu genes without production of classical enterotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umeda, Kaoru; Nakamura, Hiromi; Yamamoto, Kaori; Nishina, Nobuko; Yasufuku, Kiyoshi; Hirai, Yuki; Hirayama, Teruo; Goto, Kaoru; Hase, Atsushi; Ogasawara, Jun

    2017-09-01

    Staphylococcal food poisoning is the result of consumption of food contaminated with staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced by Staphylococcus aureus. To date, 23 SEs and SE-like enterotoxins (SEls) have been described in the literature. They are divided into classical SEs (SEA-SEE) and new SE/SEls (SEG-SElX). Some have proved to be foodborne-inducible, but others remain unidentified. In May 2016, at an elderly group home in Osaka city, Japan, an outbreak from foodborne pathogens occurred among lunch party participants. Within 2h 30min to 4h 40min, 15 of 53 participants presented gastrointestinal symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea. A subsequent laboratory investigation detected S. aureus from most stool samples from patients, several left-over food items, a kitchen swab, and hand swabs from two food handlers. Classical SEs was not detected from S. aureus isolates or left-over food items. From examination for the presence of SE/SEl genes of 20 kinds by PCR, seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, and selu genes were detected in almost all isolates. These isolates exhibited identical or closely related types by coagulase type (type VII), Sma I digested pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST-CC45 lineage). These results suggest that the foodborne outbreak was caused by S. aureus harboring seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, and selu genes without production of classical SEs. Additionally, some S. aureus isolates from human nasal swabs and healthy human feces harboring seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, and selu genes without production of classical SEs were classified into CC45 lineage using MLST. These findings suggest new SE/SEls as a potential cause of foodborne outbreaks. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. Avaliação dos efeitos de um programa sensório-motor no padrão da marcha de idosas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Arruda Barbosa Rezende

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Muitas alterações que ocorrem com o envelhecimento têm impacto de natureza funcional e acarretam, como uma das consequências mais importantes, distúrbios na marcha de pessoas idosas. OBJETIVOS:: Avaliar a eficácia de um programa de treinamento sensório-motor, no padrão da marcha de mulheres idosas. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Atendendo-se aos critérios de exclusão e inclusão, formou-se um grupo de voluntários constituído por 15 idosas, que foram submetidas à análise do padrão da marcha por meio da videometria, cujas imagens foram processadas pelo software DgeeMe, versão 1.0. Em seguida, elas foram submetidas a um treinamento sensório-motor, por meio de um circuito que incluiu oito estações de exercícios com estímulos proprioceptivos e de equilíbrio. A frequência do treinamento foi de três sessões semanais com duração de 30 minutos, durante dois meses. Depois disso, foi realizada nova análise da marcha, considerando-se os componentes temporais e espaciais. RESULTADOS: Apesar de melhora nos componentes temporais e espaciais da marcha, só foi verificada significância estatística para o resultado observado na variável comprimento da passada (p = 0,02. CONCLUSÃO: Concluiu-se que o treinamento sensório-motor, muito embora possa melhorar o equilíbrio do indivíduo idoso, trazendo-lhe segurança para desenvolver a marcha, pode não afetar diretamente essa função nos seus aspectos biomecânicos.

  1. Le juge administratif et le sens des images. Les mutations des techniques contentieuses du contrôle des visas d’exploitation

    OpenAIRE

    Mercier, Jérémy

    2017-01-01

    A la suite des affaires Nymphomaniac, La Vie d'Adèle, Antichrist, Love, SAW 3D Chapitre final, Cinquante Nuances de Grey, Bang Gang : une histoire d'amour moderne, Les Huit Salopards et Salafistes, l'affaire Sausage Party a mis en évidence un élément central dans le raisonnement du juge administratif : l'argumentation sur les images et sur le sens de leur contenu, impliquant un affinement progressif de son contrôle théorique de l'effet produit sur le spectateur. Le contentieux relatif au syst...

  2. Libertad como capacidad: un análisis filosófico del enfoque de las capacidades de Amartya Sen con implicaciones sociales y educativas

    OpenAIRE

    Cejudo Córdoba, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    Investigación sobre la filosofía de Amartya Sen que considera si el llamado enfoque de las capacidades (capabilities approach) propuesto por este autor representa una teoría universalizable de la libertad, en el sentido de permitir la realización de juicios sobre la libertad de los estados sociales sensibles a las diferencias axiológicas, económicas y culturales. Para ello se delimita y sistematiza el enfoque de las capacidades mediante el enfoque informacional (informational approach), preci...

  3. As Liberdades Humanas como Bases do Desenvolvimento: Uma Análise Conceitual da Abordagem das Capacidades Humanas de Amartya Sen

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício Mota Saboya Pinheiro

    2012-01-01

    Este texto objetiva fazer uma análise conceitual da abordagem das capacidades humanas (desenvolvimento como liberdade) do economista e filósofo indiano Amartya Sen. Procura dar uma visão panorâmica da rede conceitual dessa abordagem e sinalizar algumas questões relevantes para a avaliação de instituições e de políticas públicas em geral. Contudo, o trabalho deve ser entendido como parte de uma pesquisa mais ampla, ainda em curso, cuja finalidade é aumentar nossa capacidade de análise dos gran...

  4. Lapsen osallisuus toiminnassa ja sen suunnittelussa lasten ja kasvattajien kokemana : Näkemyksiä lasten osallisuudesta pienryhmäpedagogiikkaa harjoittavassa päiväkodissa

    OpenAIRE

    Lahti, Laura; Polvi, Kirsi; Hela, Emmi

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tutkia lapsen osallisuutta toiminnassa ja sen suunnittelussa päiväkodissa. Opinnäytetyön yhteistyökumppanina toimi pienryhmäpedagogiikkaa harjoittava päiväkoti Hattulan kunnassa. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tarkastella lasten ja kasvattajien näkemyksiä lapsen osallisuudesta. Tavoitteena oli saada lapsi tietoiseksi omasta osallisuudestaan sekä vaikutusmahdollisuuksistaan. Tarkoituksena oli myös lisätä kasvattajien tietoisuutta lasten osallisuuden kokemuksista ...

  5. A well-defined Pd hybrid material for the Z-selective semihydrogenation of alkynes characterized at the molecular level by DNP SENS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conley, Matthew P; Drost, Ruben M; Baffert, Mathieu; Gajan, David; Elsevier, Cornelis; Franks, W Trent; Oschkinat, Hartmut; Veyre, Laurent; Zagdoun, Alexandre; Rossini, Aaron; Lelli, Moreno; Lesage, Anne; Casano, Gilles; Ouari, Olivier; Tordo, Paul; Emsley, Lyndon; Copéret, Christophe; Thieuleux, Chloé

    2013-09-09

    Direct evidence of the conformation of a Pd-N heterocyclic carbene (NHC) moiety imbedded in a hybrid material and of the Pd-NHC bond were obtained by dynamic nuclear polarization surface-enhanced NMR spectroscopy (DNP SENS) at natural abundance in short experimental times (hours). Overall, this silica-based hybrid material containing well-defined Pd-NHC sites in a uniform environment displays high activity and selectivity in the semihydrogenation of alkynes into Z-alkenes (see figure). Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Fluxo de calor sensível em cultivo de feijão-caupi Sensible heat flux in cowpea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José R. de S Lima

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou comparar o fluxo de calor sensível obtido pelo método do balanço de energia-razão de Bowen (H_B e pelo método aerodinâmico (H_A, em uma área de 4 ha cultivada com feijão-caupi em Areia-PB (6º 58' 12" S e 35º 42' 15" O, 620 m. Foram coletados dados de saldo de radiação, fluxo de calor no solo, temperatura e umidade do solo, temperatura e umidade relativa do ar, velocidade do vento e precipitação pluvial, os quais eram lidos a cada minuto, e armazenados, em uma central de aquisição de dados, como médias a cada 30 min, com exceção da pluviometria, cujo valor foi totalizado no período. Obteve-se excelente concordância entre H_A e H_B, com um índice "d " de 0,980, um erro padrão (EP de 14,88 W m-2, e sem diferença significativa entre H_A e H_B, pelo teste t-Student. Deste modo, o método aerodinâmico pode ser usado em conjunto com medidas de saldo de radiação e de fluxo de calor no solo, para se estimar o fluxo de calor latente e, consequentemente, a evapotranspiração da cultura do feijão-caupi, para as condições edafoclimáticas do Brejo Paraibano.A study was performed to compare the bulk aerodynamic (H_A and Bowen ratio energy balance (H_B methods in the estimation of the sensible heat flux in a cowpea crop. Data of net radiation, soil heat flux, soil water content, soil temperature, air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and rainfall were collected on 30-min time intervals in an area of 4 ha belonging to the municipality of Areia, PB (6º 58' 12" S e 35º 42' 15" W, 620 m. Results showed that there was a good agreement between H_A and H_B with an index "d" of 0.98 and standard error of estimate (SEE of 14.88 W m-2, no significant difference between H_A H_B, by the t-Student test. Thus, the bulk aerodynamic method can be used in conjunction with measurements of net radiation and soil heat flux to estimate the evapotranspiration of the cowpea under soil and climatic condition of

  7. Comparative Study of a Real-Time PCR Assay Targeting senX3-regX3 versus Other Molecular Strategies Commonly Used in the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocio Sanjuan-Jimenez

    Full Text Available Nucleic acid amplification tests are increasingly used for the rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis. We undertook a comparative study of the efficiency and diagnostic yield of a real-time PCR senX3-regX3 based assay versus the classical IS6110 target and the new commercial methods.This single-blind prospective comparative study included 145 consecutive samples: 76 from patients with culture-confirmed tuberculosis (86.8% pulmonary and 13.2% extrapulmonary tuberculosis: 48.7% smear-positive and 51.3% smear-negative and 69 control samples (24 from patients diagnosed with non-tuberculous mycobacteria infections and 45 from patients with suspected tuberculosis which was eventually ruled out. All samples were tested by two CE-marked assays (Xpert®MTB/RIF and AnyplexTM plus MTB/NTM and two in-house assays targeting senX3-regX3 and the IS6110 gene.The detection limit ranged from 1.00E+01 fg for Anyplex, senX3-regX3 and IS6110 to 1.00E+04 fg for Xpert. All three Xpert, senX3-regX3 and IS6110 assays detected all 37 smear-positive cases. Conversely, Anyplex was positive in 34 (91.9% smear-positive cases. In patients with smear-negative tuberculosis, differences were observed between the assays; Xpert detected 22 (56.41% of the 39 smear-negative samples, Anyplex 24 (61.53%, senX3-regX3 28 (71.79% and IS6110 35 (89.74%. Xpert and senX3-regX3 were negative in all control samples; however, the false positive rate was 8.7% and 13% for Anyplex and IS6110, respectively. The overall sensitivity was 77.6%, 85.7%, 77.3% and 94.7% and the specificity was 100%, 100%, 90.8% and 87.0% for the Xpert, senX3-regX3, Anyplex and IS6110 assays, respectively.Real-time PCR assays targeting IS6110 lack the desired specificity. The Xpert MTB/RIF and in-house senX3-regX3 assays are both sensitive and specific for the detection of MTBC in both pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples. Therefore, the real time PCR senX3-regX3 based assay could be a useful and complementary tool in the

  8. Quantitative MRI comparison of pulmonary hemodynamics in mustard/senning-repaired patients suffering from transposition of the great arteries and healthy volunteers at rest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laffon, Eric; Latrabe, Valerie; Jimenez, Maria; Ducassou, Dominique; Laurent, Francois; Marthan, Roger

    2006-01-01

    In Mustard/Senning-repaired (MSR) patients, the right and left ventricles (RV, LV) act as the systemic and pulmonary ventricle, respectively. The purpose of the study was to compare non-invasively, at rest, pulmonary ventricle systolic function and hemodynamics in MSR patients with those of healthy volunteers. Velocity-encoded MR imaging was performed at the level of the main pulmonary artery (MPA) in ten male patients late after a Mustard/Senning correction performed early in infancy and in ten male volunteers. Both blood flow and MPA cross-sectional area variations were recorded over a complete cardiac cycle. MPA distensibility, body surface area (BSA)-normalized pulmonary ventricle systolic power and work were significantly lower in the MSR patients compared to volunteers. In particular, BSA-normalized LV systolic power and work in MSR patients were equal to 82 and 77% on average of those of the RV in volunteers (0.32 vs. 0.39 W/m 2 and 0.10 vs. 0.13 J/m 2 ), respectively. We conclude that in MSR patients at rest two unrelated findings were observed: (1) a reduced MPA distensibility and (2) a significantly lower systolic mechanical performance of the pulmonary LV compared to that of the RV in healthy volunteers. The latter quantification indirectly confirms the lowest systemic RV systolic mechanical performance previously published. (orig.)

  9. Le Léviathan dans la doctrine de l’État de Thomas Hobbes : sens et échec du décisionnisme politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Tuchscherer

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Présenté en 1938, le Der Leviathan de Carl Schmitt clos un ensemble de réflexions que le juriste et politologue allemand a consacré au décisionnisme politique. Au long de son commentaire sur Hobbes, Schmitt aboutit toutefois à un résultat inattendu. Naguère loué comme « le cas classique de la pensée décisionniste », Hobbes s’est métamorphosé à son insu en « ancêtre spirituel » de l’État législateur et libéral-constitutionnel. Schmitt a trouvé chez son allié le plus précieux les germes d’une pensée qu’il n’a cessé d’éreinter sous toutes ses formes, qu’on la décline dans sa version techniciste, positiviste, constitutionnaliste bourgeoise et libérale, individualiste ou pluraliste. C’est en ce sens que le Der Leviathan résume à bien des égards le sens et l’échec du décisionnisme politique.

  10. Prediction of crack growth direction by Strain Energy Sih's Theory on specimens SEN under tension-compression biaxial loading employing Genetic Algorithms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez-MartInez R; Lugo-Gonzalez E; Urriolagoitia-Calderon G; Urriolagoitia-Sosa G; Hernandez-Gomez L H; Romero-Angeles B; Torres-San Miguel Ch

    2011-01-01

    Crack growth direction has been studied in many ways. Particularly Sih's strain energy theory predicts that a fracture under a three-dimensional state of stress spreads in direction of the minimum strain energy density. In this work a study for angle of fracture growth was made, considering a biaxial stress state at the crack tip on SEN specimens. The stress state applied on a tension-compression SEN specimen is biaxial one on crack tip, as it can observed in figure 1. A solution method proposed to obtain a mathematical model considering genetic algorithms, which have demonstrated great capacity for the solution of many engineering problems. From the model given by Sih one can deduce the density of strain energy stored for unit of volume at the crack tip as dW = [1/2E(σ 2 x + σ 2 y ) - ν/E(σ x σy)]dV (1). From equation (1) a mathematical deduction to solve in terms of θ of this case was developed employing Genetic Algorithms, where θ is a crack propagation direction in plane x-y. Steel and aluminium mechanical properties to modelled specimens were employed, because they are two of materials but used in engineering design. Obtained results show stable zones of fracture propagation but only in a range of applied loading.

  11. Amartya Sen e a escolha social: uma extensão da teoria da justiça de John Rawls?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Regina Marin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo é apresentar a visão de Amartya Sen quanto à possibilidade da escolha social como um exercício comparativo e reflexivo com indivíduos comprometidos, tendo como ponto de partida a justiça como equidade de John Rawls. O argumento é o de que o agir por comprometimento e as várias identidades sociais estabelecidas pelos diferentes indivíduos durante suas vidas - considerando um conceito de indivíduo que não é o racional e autointeressado da Economia tradicional - são formas de desenvolver o pensamento seniano no que se refere ao processo de escolha social via raciocínio público, sem necessitar do conceito de racionalismo estrito como proposto na Economia.

  12. O conceito de igualdade na filosofia política contemporânea: Um debate entre Rawls, Dworkin e Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Alves Gomes de Oliveira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma das questões mais interessantes do debate contemporâneo sobre a justiça, no âmbito da teoria política normativa, diz respeito sobre qual foco deveria ocupar a posição central de uma visão igualitarista: igualdade baseada em satisfação de necessidades básicas, bens primários como propõe Rawls, igualdade de recursos como defende Dworkin ou, como quer Amartya Sen, igualdade de capacidades? Com o que, afinal, os igualitaristas deveriam se preocupar? Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar criticamente essas três perspectivas.

  13. Numerical Analysis of the Influence of In-Plane Constraints on the Crack Tip Opening Displacement for SEN(B Specimens Under Predominantly Plane Strain Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graba M.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a numerical analysis of the relationship between in-plane constraints and the crack tip opening displacement (CTOD for single-edge notched bend (SEN(B specimens under predominantly plane strain conditions. It provides details of the numerical model and discusses the influence of external load and in-plane constraints on the CTOD. The work also reviews methods for determining the CTOD. The new formula proposed in this paper can be used to estimate the value of the coefficient dn as a function of the relative crack length, the strain hardening exponent and the yield strength - dn(n, σ0/E, a/W, with these parameters affecting the level of in-plane constraints. Some of the numerical results were approximated using simple mathematical formulae.

  14. Danças circulares sagradas : pedagogia da presença, do ritmo, da escuta e olhar sensíveis

    OpenAIRE

    Janete Teresinha da Silva Barcellos

    2012-01-01

    Este estudo busca dar visibilidade ao estar-junto-dançando nas Danças Circulares Sagradas, aos encontros e sentidos construídos pelos Corpos Dançantes na convivência do grupo e fora dele. Através dos depoimentos e falas de nove Dançantes do grupo de Danças Circulares Sagradas do Centro Comunitário George Black da Secretaria Municipal de Esportes, Recreação e Lazer, partícipes deste estudo, foi possível identificar o exercício do olhar e da escuta sensíveis. Além da prática da presença e do ri...

  15. Is poverty a matter of perspective? Significance of Amartya Sen for the church’s response to poverty: A public practical theological reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noah K. Tenai

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Poverty continues to present an enormous challenge to the well-being of humanity. Different frameworks on poverty tend to identify different persons as poor, impacting on efforts to fight poverty. The church as a role player in the public domain needs a framework that can assist it in its task of working for salvation and liberation in the face of overwhelming poverty. Acombined framework, from Amartya Sen’s entitlement approach and capability approach, is amalgamated and suggested as an integrated framework that could act as a lens or a viewpoint from which the church could venture to conceptualise, quantify and respond to instances of poverty.   Keywords: Poverty; Church; Well-being; Amartya Sen; Entitlement Approach; Capability Approach

  16. No caminho das artes marciais: a relação mestre e discípulo como educação sensível

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Luiz Arthur Nunes da

    2014-01-01

    Esta pesquisa reflete a relação Mestre e Discípulo originária das Artes Marciais, e ancora seu enfoque na educação sensível que emerge dessa relação. O interesse aqui é saber como a tradição de ensinamentos milenares é perpassada ao longo dos anos, e como isso se dá a partir da relação Mestre e Discípulo. Para tanto, debruço-me nesse contexto e reflito também sobre minha experiência enquanto Discípulo de Artes Marciais, e é a partir do fundo imemorial que consigo dar voz a essa experiência, a...

  17. Mikrodenetleyici Kontrollü, Termoelektrik Kaynaklı Kablosuz ve Sensörsüz Yüksek Sıcaklık Duyum Devresi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet KÜÇÜKKÖMÜRLER

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Sürdürülebilir enerjinin her geçen gün daha da önemli bir konu olduğu günümüzde, enerji üretmenin farklı yöntemleri araştırılmakta ve denenmektedir. Bu yöntemlerden bir tanesi de atıl ısıdan elektrik enerjisi üretmektir. Termoelektrik malzeme, iki yüzeyi arasında sıcaklık farkı meydana gelmesi durumunda elektriksel bir gerilim üreten malzemelerdir. Bu çalışmada termoelektrik malzeme ile atıl ısı elektrik enerjisine çevrilerek, RF (Radyo Frekansı alıcı-verici kullanımı ile yüksek sıcaklık kablosuz ve sensörsüz duyum devresi tasarımı gerçekleştirilmiştir. Tasarımı gerçekleştirilen bu devrede TMG-450-0.8-1.0 termoelektrik üreteç, ATX-34 RF verici, ARX-34 radyo frekans alıcı ve 8051 mikrodenetleyicisi kullanılmıştır. Sistem, laboratuar ortamında test edilmiş ve otomotiv alanında kablosuz ve sensörsüz yüksek sıcaklık ölçüm uygulamaları için simülasyon ve deneysel sonuçlar elde edilerek bu sonuçların doğruluğu gösterilmiştir.

  18. [Distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria strains in nosocomial infection in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2006 to 2007].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yue-Li; Zhao, Qing-Yu

    2009-05-01

    Tumor patients have an increased risk of nosocomial infection due to hypoimmunity. Infection may affect antitumor therapies and even lead to death. This study aimed to investigate the susceptible factors, the distribution and drug resistance of the pathogens from tumor patients who suffered from nosocomial infection. Clinical records of 952 infected patients in Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University during 2006-2007 were reviewed. The infection rate, pathogen spectum and drug resistance of nosocomial infection were analyzed with EXCEL8.0 and SPSS10.0 software. Among the 952 patients, pathogens were detected in 794 patients, with a rate of 83.4%. Of the 794 patients, 321 (40.4%) had gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infection (mainly caused by Escherichia coli), 265 (33.4%) had fungi infection (mainly caused by Candida albicans), and 208 (26.2%) had gram-positive cocci (GPC) infection (mainly caused by staphylococcus and streptococcus species). According to drug sensitivity and resistance test, GNB were sensitive to imipenem and amikacin, but strongly resistant to ampicillin with a rate of >90%; GPC were sensitive to vancomycin, but highly resistant against ampicillin; the fungi were sensitive to amphotericin B, voriconazole and flucytosine, but less sensitive to fluconazol. GNB comprises the majority of pathogens separated from the hospitalized tumor patients in Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University from 2006 to 2007. Rational use of antibiotics based on drug sensitivity test could reduce fungi infection and drug resistance, therefore, help to prevent and control nosocomial infection effectively.

  19. Proposta de um instrumento para avaliação da autonomia do idoso: o Sistema Sênior de Avaliação da Autonomia de Ação (SysSen A new technique for elderly independence evaluation: the Senior System (SysSen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo de Tarso Veras Farinatti

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto descreve uma nova técnica de avaliação da autonomia do idoso, o Sistema Sênior de Avaliação da Autonomia de Ação(SysSen, bem como as estratégias adotadas para sua validação. O sistema é formado por um questionário de atividades físicas (Questionário Sênior de Atividades Físicas - QSAP e de um teste de campo (Teste Sênior de 'Caminhar e Transportar' - TSMP. O QSAP visa quantificar as necessidades dos idosos para uma vida autônoma, em termos de força de membros superiores (FO e de capacidade cardiorrespiratória (PA, através de uma entrevista em quatro partes. A primeira considera as atividades cotidianas no domicílio, profissionais e de tempo livre. A segunda avalia o contexto ambiental. A terceira aprecia as dificuldades para tarefas cotidianas e os sentimentos quanto às atividades que se gostaria de fazer e/ou retomar. A quarta considera o ponto de vista do entrevistador sobre as informações recolhidas. Obtém-se um índice para o conjunto das necessidades reveladas pelas partes do questionário (Índice de Autonomia Exprimida - IAE. No TSMP o indivíduo marcha 800m de forma acelerada, transportando pesos específicos segundo o sexo. Calcula-se um índice representativo do potencial de realização das tarefas que dependem da interação funcional da FO e PA (Índice de Autonomia Potencial - IAP. Cruzando as informações obtidas, estabelece-se uma razão autonomia potencial/exprimida (IAP/IAE - Índice Sênior da Autonomia de Ação (ISAC. A pertinência do SysSen foi verificada por meio da comparação com outros instrumentos de avaliação e pela observação da coerência interna e estrutural dos índices obtidos (validade de estrutura, conteúdo e critério. A fidedignidade inter e intraclasse foi investigada através de teste-reteste. A estabilidade das equações de regressão dos índices IAE e IAP foi testada por validação cruzada. Os resultados indicam que os instrumentos que compõem o SysSen são v

  20. Hämodynamische Analyse und Klassifikation der Gefäßstrukturen bei Patienten mit zerebralen arteriovenösen Malformationen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Möller, Dietmar

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Hintergrund: Eine zerebrale arteriovenöse Malformation (AVM ist eine Gefäßmissbildung im Gehirn, die sich durch das Fehlen eines kapillaren Gefäßbettes mit abnormem Kurzschluss zwischen dem arteriellen und dem folgendem venösen System auszeichnet, dem sog. Nidus. Die veränderten hämodynamischen Bedingungen resultieren in neurologischen Ausfällen sowie in dysplastischen Veränderungen der zu- und abführenden Gefäße und daraus folgenden erhöhten Blutungsrisiko. Zielsetzung: Für die diagnostische Beurteilung der AVM sind Informationen über die individuelle Gefäßstruktur und die Hämodynamik von besonderem Interesse. In diesem Beitrag wird ein Verfahren zur Extraktion von Parametern zur Beschreibung der Hämodynamik präsentiert. Aufbauend hierauf werden Verfahren zur automatischen Detektion des Nidus der arteriovenösen Malformation sowie der zuleitenden (Feeder, ableitenden (Drainagevenen und „en passage“-Gefäße vorgestellt. Als Eingabe hierfür dienen hochaufgelöste 3D- sowie zeitlich-räumliche 4D-MRT-Bildsequenzen. Methoden: Bei der vorgestellten Methode wird zunächst in den 3D-MRT-Bilddaten das Gefäßsystem semi-automatisch segmentiert. Auf Basis eines neuen Verfahrens zur Charakterisierung der Hämodynamik durch Bestimmung des Einflusszeitpunktes des Kontrastmittels mittels referenzbasierter Kurvenanpassung wird in einem weiteren Schritt in den zeitlich-räumlichen MR-Bildfolgen für jedes Voxel der zeitliche Signalverlauf analysiert. Zusätzlich wird die Flussgeschwindigkeit des Kontrastmittels diskret approximiert. Anschließend werden die extrahierten Parameterbilder mittels eines nicht-linearen Registrierungsverfahrens automatisch auf das segmentierte Gefäßsystem übertragen. Durch eine kombinierte Analyse der Intensität, der Geschwindigkeit und des relativen Einflusszeitpunktes des Blutes werden Gefäßstrukturen automatisch charakterisiert. Ergebnisse: Zur Evaluation der vorgestellte Methode standen 19

  1. Energy wood reserves and the utilisation conditions of them 1/1994 - 4/1997; Energiapuuvarat ja niiden hyoedyntaeminen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keskimoeloe, A. [Metsaetalouden Kehittaemiskeskus Tapio, Helsinki (Finland)

    1997-12-01

    The objective of the D105 project was to reduce the harvesting and procurement costs of energy wood by developing a model for establishing the procurable volumes of energy wood. This will be done by using forestry planning data on private forests and numeric road data. Position data (GRASS) and database (Ms Access) programs are used in the model. The project was launched in the beginning of 1994 and will run until April 1997. Basic information needed was collected from pilot areas in co-operation with the PUUHA project launched in Mikkeli. Later the work continued with the Forest Energy Project of Central Finland. The position-data program is used to produce forest and road haulage distances for each forest figure. The distance data is then transferred to the database program. In the database program the procurement costs of energy wood are established by using cost models based on productivity curves. After that, it is possible to establish if the figure is economically worthwhile for energy wood harvesting purposes or not. By using this information, the model calculates first the amount of energy wood on the figure and secondly the procurable volumes of energy wood that can be delivered to the local heating plant. (orig.)

  2. Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi İsimli Filmin Göstergebilimsel Çözümlemesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ümit Hüseyin Girgin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Sinema, onun üzerine düşünenler ve yaratıcıları için; roman, fotoğraf,resim, tiyatro, müzik, dans, mimari gibi bir çok sanat dalından yararlanılarak oluşturulan karma bir oluşumdur. Badiou’nun saf olmayan saf bir sanat olarak nitelendirdiği Sinema sanatı bir çok farklı sanat biçiminden yararlanarak kendi sınırlılıkları çerçevesinde bir film dili, bu film dilini oluşturan öğelerin bir araya gelmesi ile de bir anlam üretimi sağlamaktadır. Görsel ve işitsel öğelerin bir araya gelmesi ile oluşan hikayeler, film diline ait olan göstergeleri ortaya çıkarır. Bu göstergeler ise göstergebilim kuramı tarafından incelenerek bilimsel bir bağlam içerisinde ele alınabilir. Roland Barthes’in anlamlandırma yöntemi, Saussure'ün göstergebilimsel anlayışı ve  Greimas'ın eyleyenler yöntemi ve göstergebilimsel dörtgen modelinin temel alındığı bu çalışmada sinemada anlamı oluşturan göstergeler Onur Ünlü'nün Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi filmi örnek alınarak incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı göstergebilim ve sinema ilişkisini temel alarak öykü, zaman, mekan, karakter ve film diline ait göstergelerin Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi isimli filmde anlatımın kurulmasına ve anlamın inşa edilmesine nasıl bir katkıda bulunduğunu incelemektir.

  3. As marcas da arte e da imaginação para uma formação humana sensível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Maria Schlindwein*

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este texto tem por desafio problematizar o desenvolvimento estético da pessoa (do professor atravessado pela experiência sensível com as artes em diferentes manifestações. Pautados nos aportes teóricos da Psicologia Histórico-cultural, consideramos que a percepção estética pode se constituir em tema fundante para a formação integral do professor e, em decorrência, das crianças. Discutimos os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada entre os anos de 2004 e 2006, em que um grupo de 12 professoras em formação pôde experienciar vivências artísticas, efetivadas no campo da literatura, das artes visuais e da música. A ampliação de repertório, o desenvolvimento estético e a postura ética constituem-se como decorrências das transformações de sentido, dos processos de tomada de consciência desencadeados pelas vivências estéticas propiciadas aos envolvidos na pesquisa.

  4. The role of outside-school factors in science education: a two-stage theoretical model linking Bourdieu and Sen, with a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokpinar, Tuba; Reiss, Michael

    2016-05-01

    The literature in science education highlights the potentially significant role of outside-school factors such as parents, cultural contexts and role models in students' formation of science attitudes and aspirations, and their attainment in science classes. In this paper, building on and linking Bourdieu's key concepts of habitus, cultural and social capital, and field with Sen's capability approach, we develop a model of students' science-related capability development. Our model proposes that the role of outside-school factors is twofold, first, in providing an initial set of science-related resources (i.e. habitus, cultural and social capital), and then in conversion of these resources to science-related capabilities. The model also highlights the distinction between science-related functionings (outcomes achieved by individuals) and science-related capabilities (ability to achieve desired functionings), and argues that it is necessary to consider science-related capability development in evaluating the effectiveness of science education. We then test our theoretical model with an account of three Turkish immigrant students' science-related capabilities and the role of outside-school factors in forming and extending these capabilities. We use student and parent interviews, student questionnaires and in-class observations to provide an analysis of how outside-school factors influence these students' attitudes, aspirations and attainment in science.

  5. Territórios Sensíveis: uma investigação performativa em arte, ciência, tecnologia e natureza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walmeri Ribeiro

    Full Text Available resumo Inserido no campo das artes em diálogo com os estudos sobre mudanças climáticas e, mais particularmente, com os impactos dessas mudanças na sociedade contemporânea, este artigo apresenta questões e propostas abordadas pelo projeto "Territórios Sensíveis: uma investigação performativa em arte, ciência, tecnologia e natureza". Também são apresentadas as ações de pesquisa do Laboratório B.R.I.S.A, constituído por uma rede transdisciplinar de pesquisa que envolve artistas de diferentes áreas - tais como: audiovisual, artes do corpo, arte e tecnologia, artes visuais e música, tecnólogos, geógrafos, urbanistas e moradores das regiões estudadas - sob a proposta de uma prática colaborativa de investigação e criação artística em diálogo com e para a natureza.

  6. Segredos do coração: a escola como espaço para o olhar sensível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosvita Kolb-Bernardes

    Full Text Available Nesse artigo apresentamos a experiência da construção, na escola, de um espaço para o afeto. Em tal espaço, através da atividade artística, torna-se possível trabalhar perdas, cultivar segredos, sonhos e desejos. Espaço-lugar que permite a construção de um olhar sensível para as histórias de cada um e para a memória coletiva. A dinâmica envolvida na proposta expressa uma dimensão do ensino de arte na atualidade, como espaço de atuação entre a objetividade e a subjetividade no trabalho com os alunos. Nesta sintonia, durante as aulas de arte que configuraram a experiência aqui analisada, alinhávamos histórias dos participantes com os fios da experiência estética, cruzando referências das culturas africana e indígena com a tradição das bordadeiras, que tecem a sua história de vida com fios e panos. Na composição de todos esses elementos, criamos na escola um lugar de acolhimento das individualidades, das subjetividades de cada um de nós, verdadeiros tesouros segredados.

  7. Um olhar sensível às tribos pós-modernas: cuidando da saúde dos adolescentes no cotidiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Fernandes da Nóbrega

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma reflexão teórica, fundamentada na Sociologia Compreensiva de Michel Maffesoli. Tem como objetivo refletir sobre o cuidado com a saúde dos adolescentes no cotidiano contemporâneo, considerando um olhar sensível para o fenômeno das tribos urbanas. As tribos são compreendidas como estruturação de grupos de pessoas que se reúnem afetivamente, construindo um vínculo de socialidade com um objetivo comum. Esta reflexão enfoca a importância de se considerar a maneira de viver dos adolescentes e visa ampliar os horizontes dos profissionais da saúde, em busca de estratégias de atuação, sintonizadas com a realidade e as necessidades de cuidados para promover a saúde, delineando, assim, maneiras de cuidar afetivas e, portanto, mais efetivas, contribuindo para repensar as políticas de atenção à saúde dos adolescentes na contemporaneidade.

  8. Internações sensíveis à atenção primária à saúde em hospital regional do Distrito Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naira Pereira de Sousa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: caracterizar as internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em hospital regional do Distrito Federal. Método: estudo descritivo, tipo série de casos, que considerou usuários internados entre 2008 e 2012 no Hospital Regional de Ceilândia. A seleção das internações foi realizada com base na Lista Brasileira, e os dados obtidos no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva no processamento e análise dos dados. Resultados: as ICSAP apresentaram tendência de crescimento, sobretudo em decorrência de doenças cerebrovasculares, doenças pulmonares e infecções no rim e trato urinário. Pacientes do sexo feminino e idosos apresentaram maior frequência de internações. Conclusão: os resultados poderão auxiliar gestores e profissionais de saúde na implementação de ações que objetivem maior resolubilidade da atenção primária, além de contribuir para a sistematização da assistência de enfermagem e melhoria do cuidado em saúde.

  9. Redução das internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Brasil entre 1998-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Fernando Boing; Rafael Baratto Vicenzi; Flávio Magajewski; Alexandra Crispim Boing; Rodrigo Otávio Moretti-Pires; Karen Glazer Peres; Sheila Rubia Lindner; Marco Aurélio Peres

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Descrever a tendência de hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária entre 1998 e 2009 no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de séries temporais com dados secundários referentes às internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Sistema Único de Saúde. Os dados foram obtidos do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares. As taxas de internações por 10.000 habitantes foram padronizadas por faixa etária e sexo, considerando a população brasileira masculin...

  10. Improvement in fetal DNA extraction from maternal plasma. Evaluation of the NucliSens Magnetic Extraction system and the QIAamp DSP Virus Kit in comparison with the QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Frederik Banch; Krog, Grethe Risum; Rieneck, Klaus

    2007-01-01

    Prenatal diagnostic assays have been developed using free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal blood of pregnant women. Efficient DNA extraction is crucial for a robust analysis. To improve fetal DNA yield, we tested two manual extraction methods--the NucliSens Magnetic Extraction (NMAG) system...... and the QIAamp DSP Virus Kit (QDSP)--against our current standard method, the widely used QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit (QDNA)....

  11. Algumas Críticas de Amartya Sen em relação a Uma Teoria de Justiça de John Rawls: a Questão da Imparcialidade Fechada e a Imparcialidade Aberta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Allgayer

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a imparcialidade em Amartya Sen como um dos fundamentos para sua ideia de justiça, sendo essa a principal crítica a teoria da justiça de John Rawls. Nesse sentido serão descritos e explicados a imparcialidade fechada (Rawls e a aberta (Sen, e qual os seus devidos papéis na construção de uma sociedade justa. Amartya Sen defende uma ideia de justiça que não seja definitiva, que propicie as abordagens e as argumentações que se dediquem a partir de uma razão prática a redução das injustiças e a construção de melhorias tendo uma visão mais pragmática do que a desenvolvida por Rawls em sua teoria da justiça.

  12. Experiencias acerca de la utilización de un selector de contingencia en la planificación de la operación del SEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Barroso Baeza

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Se muestra la utilidad de un selector de contingencias en tareas de planificación de la operación de lossistemas eléctricos de potencia, especialmente en sistemas longitudinales en los cuales es necesarioprever desde la etapa de planificación la seguridad de la operación con especial interés, dadas lasconsecuencias que pueden acarrear diversas contingencias. El selector forma parte de un paquete deprogramas empleado actualmente en el Despacho Nacional de Carga (DNC, para la planificación de laoperación del Sistema Electroenergético Nacional (SEN, se utiliza diariamente para los estudios de lascontingencias más críticas que pueden suceder en el sistema en diversos regímenes, con ello se logra elanálisis de la factibilidad de otorgar vías libres o garantizar que los operadores se encuentren bajo alertaante la ocurrencia de algunas contingencias que pudieran provocar serias violaciones a la seguridad delsistema.  This work shows the contingencies selector use in order to do the power system operation planning tasks,especially in longitudinal systems where is necessary to prevent from the planning level the security ofthe operation with very special interest because of the contingencies consequences. The selector belongto the programs package that is using to planning the National Electric Power System operation in theNational Control Center actually. The more critical contingencies can be study with this tools and becauseof that the feasibility of the permission over one transmission element of the system is analyzed. Thismethodology permit to refuse the permission or to put the operator in alert front some contingencies thatcould attempt versus the system security.

  13. A Generic Protocol for Purifying Disulfide-Bonded Domains and Random Protein Fragments Using Fusion Proteins with SUMO3 and Cleavage by SenP2 Protease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besir, Hüseyin

    2017-01-01

    Recombinant expression of heterologous proteins in E. coli is well established for a wide range of proteins, although in many cases, purifying soluble and properly folded proteins remains challenging (Sorensen and Mortensen, J Biotechnol 115:113-128, 2005; Correa and Oppezzo, Methods Mol Biol 1258:27-44, 2015). Proteins that contain disulfide bonds (e.g., cytokines, growth factors) are often particularly difficult to purify in soluble form and still need optimizing of protocols in almost every step of the process (Berkmen, Protein Expr Purif 82:240-251, 2012; de Marco, Microb Cell Fact 11:129, 2012). Expression of disulfide bonded proteins in the periplasm of E. coli is one approach that can help to obtain soluble protein with the correct disulfide bridges forming in the periplasm. This offers the appropriate conditions for disulfide formation although periplasmic expression can also result in low expression levels and incorrect folding of the target protein (Schlapschy and Skerra, Methods Mol Biol 705:211-224, 2011). Generation of specific antibodies often requires a specific antigenic sequence of a protein in order to get an efficient immune response and minimize cross-reactivity of antibodies. Larger proteins like GST (Glutathione-S-transferase) or MBP (maltose binding protein) as solubilizing fusion partners are frequently used to keep antigens soluble and immunize animals. This approach has the disadvantage that the immune response against the fusion partner leads to additional antibodies that need to be separated from the antigen-specific antibodies. For both classes of proteins mentioned above, a protocol has been developed and optimized using the human version of small ubiquitin-like modifier 3 (SUMO3) protein and its corresponding protease SenP2. This chapter describes the experimental steps for expression, purification, refolding, and cleavage that are applicable to both disulfide-bonded proteins with a defined structure and random protein fragments for

  14. Boko Haram: The Development of a Militant Religious Movement in Nigeria Boko Haram: Die Entwicklung einer militanten religiösen Bewegung in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Loimeier

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 2009, the radical Muslim movement in northern Nigeria known as Boko Haram has become widely known in Western media for both its militant actions and its ultra-fundamentalist programme. This analysis examines Boko Haram from a historical perspective, viewing the movement as a result of social, political and generational dynamics within the larger field of northern Nigerian radical Islam. The contribution also considers some of the theological dimensions of the dispute between Boko Haram and its Muslim opponents and presents the different stages of militant activity through which this movement has gone so far. The article shows that movements such as Boko Haram are deeply rooted in northern Nigeria’s specific economic, religious and political development and are thus likely to crop up again if basic frame conditions such as social injustice, corruption and economic mismanagement do not change.Seit 2009 wurde die unter dem Namen Boko Haram bekannte radikale muslimische Bewegung in Nordnigeria in westlichen Medien für ihre militanten Aktionen und ihr ultrafundamentalistisches Programm bekannt. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht die Bewegung aus historischer Perspektive und sieht die Entstehung von Boko Haram als Ergebnis sozialer, politischer und generationsbezogener Dynamiken innerhalb des radikalen Islam im Norden Nigerias. Der Autor verweist zudem auf theologische Dimensionen der Auseinandersetzung zwischen der Bewegung und ihren muslimischen Gegnern und stellt die verschiedenen Phasen militanter Aktionen Boko Harams dar, die bislang erkennbar sind. Der Beitrag belegt, dass Bewegungen wie Boko Haram tief in den spezifischen ökonomischen, religiösen und politischen Bedingungen im Norden Nigerias verwurzelt sind und daher immer wieder entstehen können, sollten sich wesentliche Rahmenbedingungen – wie soziale Ungerechtigkeit, Korruption und ökonomisches Missmanagement – nicht ändern.

  15. RACIONALIDAD, ÉTICA Y BIENESTAR: Estudios de ética de la economía en la perspectiva de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Arturo Chaves

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Amartya Sen, se considera a sí mismo como “uno más” de los economistas de la corriente principal quien, tan sólo, ha intentado llamar la atención del resto de sus colegas sobre la existencia de problemas a los que pocas veces dedican su análisis (Swedberg, 1990: 259. Sin embargo, al recorrer las páginas de sus numerosos libros y artículos nos llama la atención un tratamiento de la disciplina económica que no es, para nada, reflejo de la imagen habitual de los profesionales de la tendencia dominante en la economía. No que no maneje los conceptos y la lógica fundamental de ésta. Todo lo contrario. Su exquisita formación demuestra conocimiento de la tradición neoclásica, una capacidad en el uso de la formalización matemática, y un dominio de la econometría, que no le dejan a la zaga de ningún otro economista de los que definen el panorama actual de la profesión.Sin embargo, lo sorprendente en él, es que no se limita a moverse en el ámbito definido por los intereses de la corriente principal, sino que se pasea con comodidad en el conocimiento de los clásicos y trasciende los límites habitualmente considerados como fronteras de la economía, para utilizar instrumentos analíticos de lo que algunos pudieran considerar sociología, así como para profundizar en el campo filosófico.

  16. Savoirs disciplinaires scolaires et savoirs de sens commun ou pourquoi des « idées vraies » ne prennent pas, tandis que des « idées fausses » ont la vie dure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lefrançois

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Les savoirs de sens commun sont solidement ancrés dans les usages, notamment grâce à l’habitude et à la sécurité ontologique qu’ils engendrent. Cet article examinera d’abord pourquoi les savoirs disciplinaires appris à l’école ne sont pas automatiquement réinvestis dans des contextes de nature extrascolaire et pourquoi les savoirs de sens commun résistent à leur déconstruction. La première partie de l’analyse sera marquée par le croisement de discours épistémologiques concernant la nature et la place des savoirs de sens commun dans les conceptions familières de la science. Cet article explorera ensuite les dynamiques qui marquent les relations qu’entretiennent les savoirs disciplinaires scolaires et les savoirs de sens commun en contexte scolaire. Le langage propre à la seconde partie se rattachera davantage aux débats en éducation sur l’importance prépondérante des savoirs de sens commun dans l’apprentissage disciplinaire par concepts. Enfin, nous montrerons qu’il existe des stratégies d’enseignement qui peuvent optimiser l’appropriation intellectuelle des savoirs disciplinaires scolaires et leur transfert dans les interactions quotidiennes.Common sense knowledge is firmly anchored in everyday practices, notably as a result of habit and also for the ontological security it provides. This article will first examine why disciplinary knowledge learned in school is not automatically reinvested in non-school contexts, as well as why common sense knowledge persists in the face of its own deconstruction. The first part of this analysis juxtaposes various epistemological discourses relating to the nature of common sense knowledge and its position in familiar conceptions of science. The article then explores how disciplinary knowledge taught in school and common sense knowledge interact in an educational context. This section of the article will focus mainly on educational debates pertaining to the

  17. Sen diagnosticering: Udviklingsstier og -mekanismer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmose, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Øget viden om autisme spektrum forstyrrelser (ASF) og bedre metoder betyder, at en ASF diagnose typisk stilles tidligere i dag end for eksempelvis 20 år siden. Der er dog fortsat en gruppe, der først får diagnosen relativt sent i deres liv.......Øget viden om autisme spektrum forstyrrelser (ASF) og bedre metoder betyder, at en ASF diagnose typisk stilles tidligere i dag end for eksempelvis 20 år siden. Der er dog fortsat en gruppe, der først får diagnosen relativt sent i deres liv....

  18. Identiteettivarkaus ja sen vaikutukset uhriin

    OpenAIRE

    Puro, Jessica

    2017-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää identiteettivarkauden kriminalisoinnin määritelmiä ja siihen liittyvää sääntelyä sekä tutkia, mitä vaikutuksia rikoksella on uhriin ja kuinka uhrin on mahdollista ennaltaehkäistä tai suojautua identiteettivarkausrikoksilta. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää, millainen on tyypillinen identiteettivarkauden uhri, miten rikos vaikuttaa uhriin psyykkisesti, sosiaalisesti ja taloudellisesti sekä millä tavoin uhrin on mahdollista ennaltaehkäistä identiteettiva...

  19. A Contraditória Relação entre Livre-Mercado e Desenvolvimento Humano: Possíveis Soluções a partir do Conceito de Capacidades em Amartya Sen / The Contradictory Relationship between Free Market and Human Development: Possible Solutions from the Concept of Capabilities in Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Veras Castro Melo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Investiga-se, por meio desse artigo, a relação entre livre-mercados e desenvolvimento humano, na perspectiva de coadunar tais mecanismos, com ênfase no pensamento de Amartya Sen. A metodologia aplicada é descritivo-analítica, além de qualitativa. Para tanto, parte da análise do mercado livre, com seu conceito e implicações, além da visão pautada no desenvolvimento. Sublinha-se a competência do mercado em promover o crescimento. Demonstra que o livre-mercado é a possibilidade de as pessoas realizarem trocas livremente, sem ingerência do Estado. Observa que tais interferências estatais na economia, muitas vezes, prejudicam o desenvolvimento, pois os agentes de mercado têm mais perícia para realizarem os cálculos econômicos. Empós, são estudadas as críticas ao livre-mercado, notadamente a sua incapacidade de combater as mazelas sociais sozinho, especialmente o desemprego, a fome, a pobreza e outros tipos de privação. Aborda a necessidade de coadunar o livre-mercado e o crescimento econômico com desenvolvimento humano, com o fito de proporcionar aos agentes envolvidos no processo de desenvolvimento a participação nos ganhos econômicos, revertendo-os em conquistas sociais. Nessa perspectiva, apresenta a análise de Amartya Sen para essa relação e se enumera os dois polos por meio da concepção de capacidades. Por fim, avalia-se, por intermédio do autor, se o livre-mercado é o melhor meio de crescimento econômico e conclui-se pela incapacidade do mercado, sem a conjunção da atuação estatal, de resolver o desequilíbrio econômico-social. Enfatiza-se a necessidade de uma perspectiva que consiga concatenar livre-mercado e desenvolvimento humano, pelo incremento das capacidades humanas.   Abstract: This article aims to address the issue of relationship between free markets and human development, especially in view of the possibilities of such consistent mechanisms, emphasizing the thought of Amartya Sen

  20. Sens et enjeux d’un interdit alimentaire dans le judaïsme Food taboos in Judaism: the example of Ashkenazi Jews in London

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Faure

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la manière dont la prohibition de mêler nourritures lactées et carnées dans le judaïsme se matérialise par les objets de la cuisine et leurs usages quotidiens, à partir d’une recherche réalisée à Londres auprès de couples juifs ashkénazes qui se définissent presque tous comme orthodoxes (modern orthodox et dont la scolarisation dans des écoles juives a parfois pu contribuer à revivifier les pratiques religieuses. Par delà la diversité des habitudes culinaires et de leurs formes (ex : végétarisme, par delà les éventuelles variations individuelles de l’observance religieuse au cours du cycle de vie, l’interdit alimentaire de mêler lait et viande est respecté par l’ensemble des personnes rencontrées. Il s’agit alors d’en comprendre le sens et la portée. Les conséquences matérielles de cet interdit alimentaire permettent de saisir l’importance de la religion dans le logement et les activités de tous les jours. Elles conduisent à articuler le plan matériel et le plan symbolique en suggérant une interprétation anthropologique de cette prohibition, en lien avec les écrits bibliques et les analyses déjà menées sur le sujet.This article is based upon research on Ashkenazi Jewish families living in London. It deals with the way, in Judaïsm, the prohibition of eating meat and dairy foods together is materialised through the use of kitchen utensils on a day to day basis. Material consequences of this dietary law allow us to understand the importance of religion in the Jewish home and in everyday life. Consequences which lead to the linking of material uses and their symbolic significance by suggesting an anthropological interpretation of this dietary law in accordance with Biblical writings.

  1. [Long-term results of surgical treatment of stomach cancer: clinical experience of forty years from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, You-qing; Li, Wei; Sun, Xiao-wei; Chen, Ying-bo; Xu, Li; Chen, Gong; Guan, Yuan-xiang; Li, Yuan-fang; Xu, Da-zhi; Sun, Xian-fu; Zhang, Hua-zheng; Lin, Zhen-wen

    2005-09-01

    To investigate the approaches to improve therapeutic effect of stomach cancer by analysis of the long-term results of surgical treatment of this disease. Prognostic factors of stomach cancer were analyzed by Cox multivariate regression model based on clinical data of 2561 stomach cancer cases who underwent surgical treatment from 1964 to 2004 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Survival rates were calculated by life table method. Gastrectomy was performed for 1950 cases with resectability of 76.1%, among which there were 1192 cases of curative resection (46.5%) and 758 cases of non-curative resection (29.6%). The other 611 cases of palliative operation included bypass procedures and laparotomy. Operative mortality of all cases was 0.8% and morbidity was 5.1%. For all cases the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rate was 52.4%, 38.6% and 35.5%, respectively. The stage-specific 5-year survival rate was 86.8% (Stage I), 58.7% (Stage II), 28.4% (Stage III) and 7.6% (Stage IV), respectively. The 5-year survival after curative resection in the period of 40 years was 45.5%, and increased to 52.7% in the last two decades and 61.8% in recent decade. Stage-specific case proportion during the earlier two decades was 1.4% (Stage I), 10.6% (Stage II), 23.1% (Stage III) and 64.9% (Stage IV), respectively, and that during the recent two decades was 9.3%, 18.5%, 35.3% and 36.8%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate of cases during the earlier two decades was 18.0% and increased to 37.5% during the recent two decades. Multivariate analysis indicated that main prognostic factors of stomach cancer included TNM staging, curative resection and multidisciplinary treatment. Early detection and curative resection were the most important measures to improve therapeutic effect of stomach cancer. A surgery-predominant multidisciplinary treatment individualizing biological characteristics of tumor, staging of disease and tumor site will contribute to improvement of therapeutic effect of

  2. Estudo comparativo do desenvolvimento sensório-motor de recém-nascidos prematuros da unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal e do método canguru - doi:10.5020/18061230.2005.p191

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Andrade da Mota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O Método Canguru é uma alternativa ao método tradicional de assistência a bebês prematuros de baixo peso, que preconiza o contato pele a pele precoce, entre mãe e filho, 24 horas por dia, garantindo-lhes estímulos sensoriais e motores e maior participação dos pais no cuidado de seu bebê. A Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI Neonatal é destinada ao tratamento de recém-nascidos prematuros com algum problema ao nascer. Objetivou-se comparar o desenvolvimento sensório-motor de recém-nascidos prematuros (RNPt da UTI Neonatal e do Método Canguru. Realizou-se um estudo comparativo, prospectivo e observacional, no Hospital Geral Dr. César Cals, em Fortaleza – CE, de agosto a outubro de 2004, com 14 RNPt, sendo 07 de cada grupo, com peso inferior a 2000g e idade gestacional entre 30 e 37 semanas. A avaliação foi semanal até a alta hospitalar ou até completarem a idade corrigida de 40 semanas, pelo método Dubowitz e Amiel-Tison, com análise de tônus muscular, respostas sensório-motoras, ganho de peso e tempo de internação. Como resultado, observou-se que os bebês do Método Canguru apresentaram melhores respostas sensório-motoras, comprovadas a partir da constatação de um menor grau de estresse, melhores respostas reflexas, movimentação espontânea e tônus muscular, e menor tempo de internação, permanecendo mais tempo em estado de alerta e interagindo bem com o ambiente e a mãe. Conclui-se que o Método Canguru mostrou-se uma alternativa mais eficaz de assistência a RNPt de baixo peso, pois proporcionou melhores resultados quanto às atividades sensório-motor dos bebês, se comparados à UTI Neonatal.

  3. Modelagem hierárquica de determinantes associados a internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Espírito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalva Grobério Pazó

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre a organização dos serviços de saúde e as taxas de internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária após ajuste para variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas no contexto dos municípios do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Estudo ecológico das internações do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS com as variáveis: internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária, porte municipal, indicadores demográficos, socioeconômicos, organização e indicadores de desempenho dos serviços de saúde. Realizou-se análise multivariável por regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da variância. Foram ajustados modelos para a população total e por faixas etárias. Ordenaram-se as variáveis explicativas segundo modelo hierarquizado. Houve associação a risco de internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária com o percentual de analfabetismo (RR: 1,08-1,17, proporção de leitos SUS (RR: 1,09-1,12, urbanização (RR: 1,02-1,03, proporção de negros (RR: 0,97-0,98 e cobertura de plano de saúde (RR: 0,97-0,98. Há determinantes das internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária que implicam no padrão de utilização dos serviços e estão fora do escopo da atenção primária.

  4. Biological parameters of two strains (acaricide resistant and susceptible of the tick Rhipicephalus microplusParâmetros biológicos de duas cepas (sensível e resistente a acaricidas do carrapato Rhipicephalus microplus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Dalla Rosa

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The resistance of Rhipicephalus microplus to acaricides occurs in almost all regions where it is present and treatments with chemicals are the most frequent. Therefore the monitoring of ticks is crucial to diagnose resistance at an early stage to help slow down the spread of resistance and to obtain knowledge of the distribution of acaricide resistance. The objective of the present work was to know the biological parameters of R. microplus sensitive strain to the main acaricides used. We compared the number and weight of engorged females, as well as the mass of eggs obtained the percentage of hatching and reproductive efficiency of two strains (acaricide-resistant and susceptible of the tick R. microplus, after passage in cattle. The results showed a reduced capacity to adjust the acaricide-susceptible strain, which presented the lowest number of ticks recovered (p?0.0001, with less weight and egg mass. With respect to reproductive parameters, the ticks susceptible strain showed hatching rate eggs (p=0.0002410 and reproductive efficiency reduced when compared with those of the acaricide-resistant strain. A resistência do Rhipicephalus microplus aos carrapaticidas ocorre em quase todas as regiões onde ele está presente e os tratamentos com produtos químicos são os mais frequentes. Portanto, monitoramento de carrapatos é fundamental para diagnosticar a resistência em um estágio inicial, diminuir a propagação e obter conhecimento da distribuição da resistência acaricida. Com o objetivo de se conhecer os parâmetros biológicos de uma cepa sensível de R. microplus aos principais carrapaticidas utilizados, o presente trabalho foi desenvolvido. Foram comparados o número e o peso de teleóginas, assim como a massa de ovos obtida, a percentagem de eclosão e a eficiência reprodutiva de duas cepas (sensível e resistente a acaricidas do carrapato R. microplus, após passagem em bovinos. Os resultados demonstraram uma menor capacidade de

  5. Johannes Lohmann : une réflexion ontologique sur le sens et sur les langues : La différence ontologique heideggérienne et le langage, par Johannes Lohmann

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connell, Anne-Marie

    2016-01-01

    PRÉSENTATION Johannes Lohmann : une réflexion ontologique sur le sens et sur les langues Les recherches de l'universitaire allemand Johannes Lohmann (1895-1983), linguiste, philosophe et musicologue, se situent au confluent de plusieurs disciplines. Philologue de formation, il soutint son doctorat sur la philologie des langues slaves à Berlin en 1921 et reçut son habilitation en linguistique comparée sous la direction de Wilhelm Shulze. Elle fut suivie par une seconde en 1933 à l'université d...

  6. A arte como um direito da criança: o papel do professor na construção de um mundo sensível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euzânia B. F. Andrade

    2012-10-01

    criança. O que se observa em sala de aula é que este professor não consegue contemplar essas linguagens e quando propõe atividades na área de artes visuais, seu enfoque principal é o desenho, apresentando, em sua grande parte, cópias ou temas fechados, o que prejudica a criatividade e o desenvolvimento sensível da criança. Apresentam-se alguns desenhos como forma de registros dessas aulas e colocam-se questões referentes à concepção de arte desse professor e o modo como consegue dar conta dessa polivalência que lhe é atribuída. Questão para se pensar.

  7. A utilização da chupeta e o desenvolvimento sensório motor oral Pacifier's use and oral motor sensory development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Marina Tavares de Araújo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar parâmetros do desenvolvimento sensório motor oral de lactentes no terceiro mês de vida, com e sem o hábito de chupar chupeta, além de identificar a frequência do uso da chupeta entre crianças em aleitamento materno e crianças que iniciaram o desmame. MÉTODOS: estudo observacional com corte transversal, envolvendo 74 bebês que nasceram e estavam realizando acompanhamento no Serviço de Puericultura de uma maternidade da rede pública, Recife-PE. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevista com as mães e observação das crianças. RESULTADOS: as que não utilizavam chupeta apresentaram frequentemente padrão postural global simétrico, melhores respostas aos reflexos orais e língua mais posteriorizada (p=0,034. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se que as crianças que não utilizaram chupeta apresentaram melhor postura das estruturas orais, como também melhores respostas em relação aos reflexos orais. Nas crianças em aleitamento materno exclusivo foi predominante o não uso da chupeta, havendo associação estatisticamente significante entre o aleitamento materno exclusivo e o não uso da chupeta (p=0,001. Por outro lado, entre as crianças que já haviam iniciado o desmame, o uso da chupeta foi mais frequente.PURPOSE: to check the parameters of breastfed babies' oral motor sensory development in their third month of life, with and without the pacifier use and identify the periodicity of pacifier use amongst infants being exclusively breastfed and those who already started weaning. METHODS: an observational study with transversal cut, involving 74 babies born at the Public Maternity, in Recife-PE, and being followed by the Child Welfare Service entity. Data were obtained through interviews with the mothers, followed by observation of the infants during their routine out-patient consultations. RESULTS: in this study, the Infants who do not regularly use pacifier, showed standard symmetric global posture, better response

  8. Ablación bicameral de un aleteo auricular dependiente del istmo en un paciente con d-transposición de las grandes arterias y cirugía de Senning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Abello

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Un paciente de 28 años con diagnóstico de d-transposición de las grandes arterias (d-TGAy corrección fisiológica con técnica de Senning fue sometido a estudio electrofisiológico porsíncopes repetidos. En el estudio se indujo un aleteo auricular con conducción AV alternante.Se cartografió el circuito del aleteo y se demostró la participación de la totalidad del istmocavo-tricuspídeo en el mecanismo de la taquicardia, es decir, tanto de su porción anterior(canal venoso pulmonar como de su porción posterior (canal auricular sistémico. La característicaparticular de este procedimiento es que para la resolución requirió la ablación enlas dos cámaras auriculares sometidas a cirugía de Senning.

  9. Crítica a las bases éticas de la teoría neoclásica en la propuesta del bienestar social de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Darío Valencia

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, intenta presentar las principales críticas que el Premio Nobel de Economía en 1998, Amartya Sen, ha hecho a las bases éticas y metodológicas de las teorías utilitaristas de las ciencias económicas. En la primera parte del trabajo, se esbozan los conceptos que fundamentaron las teorías del bienestar neoclásicas, haciendo un recorrido rápido desde la escuela desde la escuela utilitarista hasta llegar a su hija mayor, la escuela neoclásica (teoría dominante hoy en el mundo. Se parte de Bernard Mandeville hasta llegar a Vilfredo Pareto, pasando por Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, y Francis Edgeworth, autores que fundamentaron los supuestos conductuales neoclásicos. En la segunda parte se resumen las críticas que importantes economistas y filósofos contemporáneos han realizado a la teoría del bienestar individual, destacando las que hace el economista hindú Amartya Sen, con su propuesta del bienestar social.

  10. Caracterização da inibição por pré-pulso em primatas não-humanos (Sapajus spp.) e avaliação dos efeitos da dizocilpina e canabidiol na modulação do filtro sensório-motor

    OpenAIRE

    Saletti, Patrícia Grandizoli

    2015-01-01

    O reflexo de sobressalto acústico é uma resposta primitiva de defesa dos animais após um estímulo sonoro intenso e repentino. Essa resposta é inibida quando um estímulo de baixa intensidade é apresentado previamente. A inibição por pré-pulso (IPP) da reposta de sobressalto é uma maneira de mensurar o filtro sensório-motor, mecanismo utilizado para filtrar o excesso de informação do meio. O teste de IPP é muito utilizado de forma experimental para testar déficits no filtro sensório-motor em mo...

  11. Estudo da estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS nível sensório para efeito de analgesia em pacientes com osteoartrose de joelho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Ricardo Morgan

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A osteoartrose de joelho (OAJ é uma das patologias que mais afetam o aparelho locomotor e interferem de forma considerável nas atividades da vida diária, acometendo os indivíduos em faixa etária variável e em diversos graus e níveis de dor articular. OBJETIVOS: Por causa da importância da articulação do joelho nas atividades locomotoras, os pacientes com osteoartrose de joelho sofrem com a limitação de movimento e rigidez articular. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS nível sensório para tratamento de dor em pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoartrose de joelho, utilizando escalas de avaliação de dor. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 10 pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoartrose de joelho, utilizando uma modalidade fisioterapêutica, a eletroterapia, especificamente a (TENS, com parâmetros de 80 Hz e 140 µs, com um total de 10 sessões, 30 minutos para cada sessão, o período total de tratamento compreendeu 4 semanas. Nesse total de 10 sessões, cada paciente foi entrevistado com um questionário na 1ª sessão, na 5ª e na 10ª sessão. Os formulários utilizados foram questionário da dor McGill - Melzack, escala Analógica visual da dor, escala numérica com expressão facial de sofrimento. RESULTADOS: O resultado com a TENS nível sensório para efeito de analgesia mostra que as diferenças foram estatisticamente significativas (p < 0,05 para escala Analógica visual da dor e o Questionário da Dor McGill. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos resultados sugerem que a TENS nível sensório reduz a dor e melhora a funcionalidade do joelho.

  12. Solución técnica y diseño del esquema eléctrico de acoplamiento del Parque Eólico del Vial Sur de Camagüey de 30 MW con el SEN.

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Veloz, Joel

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda el cálculo de los elementos del SEN que se interrelacionan con el Parque: Cálculo de las corrientes por circuitos y selección del conductor, subestaciones eléctricas, diseño del sistema de tierras del parque, cálculo de pérdidas de potencia y caídas de voltaje, análisis del comportamiento de las líneas de subtransmisión de enlace del Parque y el efecto de la penetración eólica en la zona. Además se calcula la energía producida en un año, CO 2...

  13. Articulando mundos sensíveis pela “Teoria Ator-Rede”: apresentação de uma proposta de análise de produção de conhecimento em um mundo em rede

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    Adilson da Silva Mello

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo é um ensaio sobre nova vertente cultural para se compreender o mundo social e suas construções no campo da produção do conhecimento. Partimos da seguinte problematização: de que forma podemos (repensar os modos de aquisição, construção e reverberação de conhecimento, nos quais a ciência exerce papel preponderante? Neste sentido, propomos discussões sobre como articular uma ciência criativa e um mundo sensível - ao contrário do que se entende acerca do mundo moderno - estável em sua proposta de constituição social, possibilitando a emersão de uma rede articulável - “on demand” - definida por sua multiplicidade e heterogeneidade de conexões.

  14. O panorama das internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em um distrito de São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Laszlo Torres; Tania Cristina Morais Santa Bárbara Rehem; Emiko Yoshikawa Egry; Suely Itsuko Ciosak

    2011-01-01

    Os objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as principais Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) do Hospital Geral de Pedreira (HGP) e as Unidades Básicas de Saúde que demandaram maior número destas internações. Uma pesquisa exploratória, descritiva e quantitativa foi realizada através de dados de 2008 obtidos no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH-SUS) e de 816 prontuários do HGP. Obtivemos no período 10.616 internações; dessas 1.689 (15,9%) foram por ICSAP. As p...

  15. Perfil das Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária subsidiando ações de saúde nas regiões brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira,Francilene Jane Rodrigues; Silva,César Cavalcanti da; Lima Neto,Eufrásio de Andrade

    2015-01-01

    O estudo objetiva analisar dados de Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária nas regiões brasileiras em 2014 por meio de estudo ecológico quantitativo, utilizando dados secundários do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares nas cidades com mais de 100 mil habitantes. Registraram-se 1.116.917 internações com taxas por 10 mil habitantes variando entre 89,81 (Sudeste) e 121,99 (Sul), com destaque para pneumonias, doenças cerebrovasculares e insuficiência cardíaca. Apesar dos valores ap...

  16. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária nas coordenadorias de saúde no RS

    OpenAIRE

    Souza,Leonardo Lemos de; Costa,Juvenal Soares Dias da

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Comparar taxas de internações por condições sensíveis em municípios-sede de coordenadorias de saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico com indivíduos de ambos os sexos de 20 a 59 anos nos municípios-sede das coordenadorias regionais de saúde do Rio Grande do Sul de 1995 a 2007. Os dados sobre internações foram obtidos do Datasus. Foram analisadas as taxas mediante regressão de Poisson com variação robusta. As taxas dos municípios foram comparadas com as do restante do estado do Rio Grande d...

  17. De la "armonía" a los "conflictos cooperativos". La contribución de Amartya Sen a la Teoría de la unidad doméstica

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    Lourdes Benería

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde un marco histórico, este artículo resume las contribuciones teóricas de los modelos neoclásicos, así como las críticas que se le han hecho, y las contrasta con algunas aportaciones que surgieron durante los años 1970 desde el feminismo de izquierda sobre el concepto de la familia y la unidad doméstica. Este resumen es la base sobre la que se analiza la noción de "conflictos cooperativos" de Sen y su aportación a la teoría de la unidad doméstica y a los modelos de negociación. El argumento básico del artículo es que su aportación fue un paso muy positivo en el sentido de superar los problemas relacionados con otras conceptualizaciones.

  18. Taḥyâ as-sînamâ ! Produire du sens : les enjeux politiques de l’expression dans l’espace public

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    Cécile Boëx

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose d’identifier les enjeux politiques de l’expression dans l’espace public en Syrie et plus spécifiquement ceux relatifs à l’expression artistique, au prisme du dernier festival de cinéma de Damas, événement catalyseur mais aussi réceptacle des différentes formes de la politisation de la culture. Cet angle d’approche nous permet de mettre en lumière les tentatives d’un régime autoritaire pour contrôler la production du sens et imposer ses interprétations des événements. Ce contexte n’a cependant nullement empêché l’existence de pratiques expressives polymorphes, voire contestataires, rendues possibles par diverses stratégies de contournement, de mises à distance, dont nous donnons des exemples dans des registres différents : les dernières mobilisations patriotiques anti-Mehlis et l’expression cinématographique qui a eu un rôle précurseur dans la publicisation de remises en question de la référence politique dominante.

  19. Desventuras de un pobre en el mundo económico: la Economía ortodoxa, sus límites en el análisis de la pobreza y la propuesta de Amartya Sen

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    Sandra Mira

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo utiliza una narración literaria para mostrar de qué manera la teoría ortodoxa o tradicional, especialmente el pensamiento de la escuela neoclásica, deja de lado el concepto de pobreza, al considerar el bienestar como la simple obtención de utilidades; además se presenta la propuesta del economista Amartya Sen, que postula la teoría de las capacidades humanas. Esta teoría establece como importante todo aquello que una persona es capaz de hacer o ser para conseguir sus objetivos y sus fines, permitiendo así, incluir y ampliar la visión de la pobreza. Al final se concluye que, a pesar de que la pobreza debe ser estudiada por la Economía, ésta se ha visto avocada a una imposibilidad de plantear soluciones para que aquella disminuya y, en gran medida, ello se debe a los limitantes que presenta la teoría ortodoxa.

  20. أور في زمـن المـــلك (آبـي _ سيـن 2028 – 2004 ق.م Or in the time of King (Abe _ Sen 2028 - 2004 BC.

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    Ahmad Najee Sabba أحمد ناجي سبع

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The king Abe Sen is considered (2028 - 2004 the fifth and last king of Third Dynasty of Ur, and sources indicate cuneiform he was crowned king on the throne of the state of Ur III in the tenth month of the ninth year of the rule of his father, King Chusein (2037 - 2029 BC., And indicate sources also said that he was young when he was crowned on the throne. The sources said that some of the kings belonging to the authority of Ur III has rushed glorifying King Abe O, where raises sources cuneiform to the existence of a number of texts which concluded in the name of King Abe Sen texts still dated for years to rule Chusein, and this was confirmed by one of the texts that go back the Kododo writer son of Uma governor.

  1. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária: estudo de validação do SIH/SUS em hospital do Distrito Federal, Brasil, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Cavalcante,Danyelle Monteiro; Oliveira,Maria Regina Fernandes de; Rehem,Tânia Cristina Morais Santa Bárbara

    2016-01-01

    Descrevem-se as internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária com foco nas doenças infecciosas e parasitárias (DIP) e valida-se o Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), para o registro das internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária, em hospital do Distrito Federal, Brasil, em 2012. Estimaram-se sensibilidade (S), especificidade (E), valor preditivo positivo (VPP) e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) do SIH/SUS para registro de internações por...

  2. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária: a construção da lista brasileira como ferramenta para medir o desempenho do sistema de saúde (Projeto ICSAP – Brasil)

    OpenAIRE

    Alfradique, Maria Elmira; Bonolo, Palmira de Fátima; Dourado, Maria Inês Costa; Costa, Maria Fernanda Furtado de Lima e; Macinko, James; Mendonça, Claunara Schilling; Oliveira, Veneza Berenice; Sampaio, Luís Fernando Rolim; Simoni, Carmen de; Turci, Maria Aparecida

    2009-01-01

    As internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária representam condições de saúde que podem ter o risco de hospitalização desnecessária diminuído, por meio de ações efetivas da atenção primária. Essas internações vêm sendo usadas como indicador do acesso e qualidade da atenção básica, mas não existe consenso quanto às doenças que devem fazer parte desse indicador. Apresenta-se uma descrição das etapas seguidas para a construção da lista brasileira de internações por condições sen...

  3. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária: a construção da lista brasileira como ferramenta para medir o desempenho do sistema de saúde (Projeto ICSAP - Brasil)

    OpenAIRE

    Alfradique,Maria Elmira; Bonolo,Palmira de Fátima; Dourado,Inês; Lima-Costa,Maria Fernanda; Macinko,James; Mendonça,Claunara Schilling; Oliveira,Veneza Berenice; Sampaio,Luís Fernando Rolim; Simoni,Carmen de; Turci,Maria Aparecida

    2009-01-01

    As internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária representam condições de saúde que podem ter o risco de hospitalização desnecessária diminuído, por meio de ações efetivas da atenção primária. Essas internações vêm sendo usadas como indicador do acesso e qualidade da atenção básica, mas não existe consenso quanto às doenças que devem fazer parte desse indicador. Apresenta-se uma descrição das etapas seguidas para a construção da lista brasileira de internações por condições sensíveis...

  4. Avaliação dos distúrbios do controle sensório-motor em pessoas com dor cervical mecânica: uma revisão

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    Felipe José Jandre dos Reis

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A dor cervical mecânica é problema comum na população em geral e engloba a dor cervical aguda, as lesões em chicote, as disfunções cervicais e a dor cervical-ombro. A limitação da amplitude de movimento, a sensação de aumento da tensão muscular, a cefaleia, a braquialgia, a vertigem e outros sinais e sintomas são manifestações comuns e podem ser agravados por movimentos ou pela manutenção de posturas da coluna cervical. Estudos recentes mostram comprometimento no controle sensório-motor em pessoas com dor cervical manifestando-se por alterações da cinestesia cervical com dificuldade no reconhecimento da posição da cabeça, do movimento dos olhos e do equilíbrio. OBJETIVOS: Descrever, com base na revisão da literatura, as manifestações e os métodos de avaliação dos distúrbios sensório-motores relacionados à dor cervical mecânica. MÉTODOS: Para a revisão foram utilizadas as bases de dados de literatura científica indexada no período de 1965 a 2009. Considerou-se para a inclusão os artigos que abordassem a dor cervical mecânica e os distúrbios da propriocepção cervical, da coordenação dos movimentos dos olhos e do equilíbrio. Não houve restrição quanto à língua de publicação. O processo de seleção foi realizado por dois examinadores independentes, considerando a evidência científica em ordem decrescente, havendo preferência para as meta-análises e os estudos randomizados controlados. RESULTADOS: Dos 119 artigos encontrados, 69 preenchiam os critérios de inclusão. DISCUSSÃO: A presença de alterações dos músculos e das articulações cervicais, o processo de envelhecimento e a presença de dor cervical são descritos como fatores que alteram o sistema somatossensorial cervical e devem ser considerados também como perpetuantes. CONCLUSÃO: As alterações dos sistemas visual, do equilíbrio e proprioceptivo não podem ser desprezadas e devem ser consideradas durante a

  5. Adaptações curriculares para alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais (nee: formação no ensino superior / Curriculum adaptations for students with special education needs (sen: training in higher education

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    Maria de Lurdes Cró

    2009-01-01

    respond appropriately to children and youngsters with Special Educational Needs (SEN, so as to optimize their participation in activities. Today it has become a challenge to determine exactly which students have special needs and, therefore, who should benefit from Special Education intervention, especially those with permanent need of attention. In this context, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, as recommended by WHO (2001 and updated in 2003, is a pedagogical tool in the process of eligibility, assessment and intervention for students with SEN. There is a paradigm shift, which intends not only to classify the level of functionality of the individual, but also the environmental factors that can act as barriers or facilitators of this functionality. In this perspective, teacher education is considered an important factor for success. Thus the continuous training must advocate and enable a change in the teachers’ education practices, that is, a change in the educational practice and intervention.

  6. A comparison of the incidence of hypercapnea in non-obese and morbidly obese peri-operative patients using the SenTec transcutaneous pCO(2) monitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Roy G; Davis, Maurice; Faulkner, Michael J

    2014-06-01

    Obese patients are at increased risk for hypoventilation, leading to hypercapnea and acidosis. The primary objective of this study was to compare the incidence of perioperative hypercapnea in non-obese and morbidly obese patients using the SenTec transcutaneous PCO2 (tcPCO2) monitor. 10 morbidly obese subjects (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)) undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery, and 10 non-obese subjects (BMI TcPCO2 and SpO2 were monitored continuously intraoperatively, and during the first 24 h postoperatively. Opiate consumption, respiratory rate (RR), and pain scores were collected from postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and ward nursing notes. RR, SpO2, and tcPCO2 did not differ significantly between groups during PACU or ward time periods. End-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) values were similar between groups during the intraoperative period, but tcPCO2 was significantly higher in the obese group at specific time points, and trended towards being higher throughout the case. Our study did not show significant tcPCO2 differences between non-obese and obese post-surgical patients, however, it did allow for continuous, trendable, nonobtrusive monitoring throughout the perioperative period. As V/Q mismatch increases with the PaCO2/EtCO2 gradient, and this effect is most pronounced in morbidly obese patients, tcPCO2 monitoring may prove to be a useful additional monitor in these patients during the intraoperative period.

  7. Fatores associados à pneumonia em crianças Yanomami internadas por condições sensíveis à atenção primária na região norte do Brasil

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    Raquel Voges Caldart

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Em países em desenvolvimento, a pneumonia é a principal causa de adoecimento e morte na infância, principalmente em grupos vulneráveis. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os fatores associados à pneumonia em crianças Yanomami internadas por condições sensíveis à atenção primária (ICSAP. As internações foram divididas em dois grupos: i pneumonias e ii demais causas, de acordo com a lista brasileira de ICSAP. Foram estimadas taxas ajustadas de ICSAP e utilizou-se a regressão logística não condicional para analisar fatores associados. Mais de 90% dos registros foram considerados ICSAP. A taxa padronizada de ICSAP foi 18,6/1.000. As chances de internação por pneumonia foram 2,7 (IC: 1,3-5,4 vezes maiores em crianças de 0,1 a 5,9 meses; 1,9 (IC: 1,1-3,3 vezes maiores nas crianças que tiveram a duração da hospitalização variando de 8 a 14 dias; e 3,0 (IC: 1,2-7,5 vezes maiores nas crianças com diagnóstico secundário de desnutrição. O excesso de internações evitáveis é um forte indício da baixa qualidade das ações em terras indígenas e do limitado acesso à atenção primária, contrariando o modelo assistencial proposto pelo subsistema de saúde indígena no Brasil que, em tese, deveria privilegiar tecnologias assistenciais ancoradas na atenção primária.

  8. Développement durable et agriculture durable : sens du concept de « durabilité » à travers la presse régionale et le discours des agriculteurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Bihannic

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude porte sur la question du sens des concepts de développement durable et d’agriculture durable à travers, d’une part, une analyse de contenu de leur diffusion dans la presse régionale (presse spécialisée en milieu agricole et presse généraliste. D’autre part, elle s’intéresse à l’appropriation de ces concepts par les agriculteurs. Pour ce faire, des entretiens semi-directifs ont été menés auprès de ces acteurs en prise avec ces questions de « durabilité ». L’objectif est de mettre en parallèle ces deux formes de contenu et de mettre en lumière les représentations sociales liées à ces objets en partant du postulat que ces dernières, en tant que forme de connaissance socialement élaborées, sont un guide pour l’action et que celles-ci se forment, se transmettent, et évoluent au cœur de la communication (Moscovici, 1976.This study focuses on the meaning of the concepts of sustainable development and sustainable agriculture. First, this study deals with a content analysis of their circulation in the regional papers (specialized in agriculture and popular newspaper. Second, it is interested in the appropriation of theses concepts farmers. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with these stakeholders concerned with these issues. The aim of the study is to compare these two content analyses and to highlight the social representations of these concepts. We postulate that these representations are a form of knowledge which is socially constructed. They are a guide to action and that they take shape, they are transmitted and they evolve in the heart of communication (Moscovici, 1976.

  9. Le sens du travail dans un contexte de dérégulation : le cas des cadres d’entreprise The Meaning of Work in a Context of Deregulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Cousin

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La loyauté a longtemps défini le lien particulier qui unissait les cadres à leur entreprise. Ce principe s’affaiblit aujourd’hui et laisse la place à une autre logique où la défection domine, ce qui suppose que les cadres deviennent les acteurs et les sujets de leur histoire. Comment vivent-ils ce changement et quel sens donnent-ils à leur travail ? À partir du récit qu’ils font de leur expérience du travail, on peut analyser leur rapport au travail selon trois dimensions : l’intégration à l’entreprise, la nature de l’activité et la construction d’une image de soi qui se matérialise par la gestion de sa carrière. Chacune de ces dimensions donne un rapport particulier au travail qui, pour les cadres, demeure un élément de construction de soi positif mais empreint de très fortes incertitudes.Loyalty long defined the peculiar link between managers and their company. Now on the wane, this principle is being replaced by a logic where defection dominates, making of managers actors of their own lot. How do the concerned feel about this and what impact does it have on their work ? Thanks to life histories three attitudes to work emerge : integrating with the company, the kind of work done and self-imaging via career construction. Each relates in its own way to work which despite its uncertainties contributes to self esteem

  10. A Universalidade da Democracia no Enfoque da Cultura Argumentativa para a Emancipação Humana: a Complementaridade entre a Abordagem Pragmática de Amartya Sen e Pragmática Formal de Habermas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcos Miné Vanzella

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio tem por objetivo contribuir com o debate sobre o valor e universalidade da democracia para a emancipação humana. Propõe pensar a compreensão da universalidade da democracia no enfoque abrangente da cultura argumentativa, a partir de Amartya Sen e Jürgen Habermas. Entende que as abordagens metodológicas, pragmática de um e pragmática formal do outro dos autores são complementares. Nesta perspectiva procura demonstrar que a democracia, além de suas raízes institucionais modernas, vincula-se também a expressões culturais da Índia, África e América pré-colombiana. Portanto não é mera expressão de domínio cultural e político ocidental, mas desenvolvimento de uma tendência profunda de governo mediante a discussão e razão pública. O que permite recepcionar de um ponto de vista mais amplo a contribuição do pensamento de Habermas que explicita o nexo interno entre Justiça, Direitos Humanos e Democracia, na perspectiva procedimental de uma esfera pública  crítica  com  uma  racionalidade  pública  que  inclui  a  todos.  Apresenta  o desenvolvimento das capacidades políticas e sociais, bem como o papel instrumental da democracia, na construção da compreensão dos direitos e da cultura que permitem o aprendizado, a emancipação e o desenvolvimento da própria identidade.

  11. La quête du sens. Repenser la question de l’interprétation dans l’analyse des politiques publiques The quest for meaning. Rethinking the notion of interpretation in the analysis of public policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yannick Rumpala

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution propose de s’intéresser à la dimension interprétative de l’« analyse des politiques publiques ». Cette dimension a été mise en avant par un courant de recherches qui semble avoir bénéficié d’un écho moins important dans la sphère francophone que dans la sphère anglo-saxonne. Sous différentes formes, ce courant est défendu par des auteurs influents comme Frank Fischer, Dvora Yanow, Mark Bevir, r.a.w. rhodes. Il se distingue des travaux français qui prétendent intégrer la question du sens par une approche le plus souvent qualifiée de « cognitive ». Par la mise en perspective de ce courant de recherches qui prétend prolonger un « tournant interprétatif », l’objectif de cette contribution est notamment de ressaisir ce que peut être un travail analytique sur les politiques publiques, précisément en soulignant les lacunes que peut engendrer l’absence d’une appréhension interprétative. De fait, beaucoup de travaux récents touchant ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler l’« analyse des politiques publiques » ou la « sociologie de l’action publique » font preuve d’un grand raffinement sociologique dans leurs analyses. Le lecteur peut souvent y voir des jeux d’acteurs minutieusement étudiés, mais il peut ressentir un manque dans la mesure où il n’a tout aussi souvent guère de clés pour saisir le sens de ces activités. La question peut donc se poser de la recherche d’un positionnement différent dans la manière d’élaborer l’analyse à partir des informations recueillies. Dégager des raisons ou des causes ne relève pas du même ordre de pensée que saisir un sens. Une démarche interprétative peut réduire les risques de confinement dans la sophistication d’une micro-analyse ; en évitant de faire des processus étudiés des épisodes particuliers et presque indépendants de leur contexte d’origine, elle peut ouvrir vers des possibilités d

  12. Evaluation of the NucliSens EasyQ v2.0 assay in comparison with the Roche Amplicor v1.5 and the Roche CAP/CTM HIV-1 Test v2.0 in quantification of C-clade HIV-1 in plasma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximilian Muenchhoff

    Full Text Available Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 genetic diversity poses a challenge to reliable viral load monitoring. Discrepancies between different testing platforms have been observed, especially for non-clade-B virus. Therefore we compare, in antiretroviral therapy (ART-naïve South African subjects predominantly infected with HIV-1 clade-C, three commercially available assays: the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Test version 2.0 by Roche (CAP/CTM v2.0, the BioMérieux NucliSens Version 2.0 Easy Q/Easy Mag (NucliSens v2.0 and the Roche COBAS Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor Test Version 1.5 (Amplicor v1.5. Strong linear correlation was observed and Bland-Altman analyses showed overall good agreement between the assays with mean viral load differences of 0.078 log cp/ml (NucliSens v2.0 - Amplicor v1.5, 0.260 log cp/ml (CAP/CTM v2.0 - Amplicor v1.5 and 0.164 log cp/ml (CAP/CTM v2.0 - NucliSens v2.0, indicating lower mean viral load results for the Amplicor v1.5 and higher mean readings for the CAP/CTM v2.0. Consistent with observations following previous comparisons of CAP/CTM v2.0 versus Amplicor v1.5, the CAP/CTM v2.0 assay detected low-level viremia (median 65 cp/ml in more than one-third of those in whom viremia had been undetectable (<20 cp/ml in assays using the NucliSens platform. These levels of viremia are of uncertain clinical significance but may be of importance in early detection of ART resistance in those on treatment. Overall the three assays showed good comparability of results but with consistent, albeit relatively small, discrepancies for HIV-1 clade-C samples, especially in the low-viremic range that should be taken into account when interpreting viral load data.

  13. Ashoke Sen and S-Duality

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    field theory (for open strings as well as closed strings), tachyon condensation, and an ... string theory. a flavour of some of these works in this article. We will therefore restrict ourselves to a discussion of S-duality, the work cited for the Prize. However, I cannot resist .... physics of strongly coupled system. Clearly the number.

  14. Linguistique modulaire : de la forme au sens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nølke, Henning

    at beskæftige sig med det, som er sprogligt markeret på sætningens niveau. Bogen består af to dele. I første del diskuteres det videnskabsteoretiske grundlag for tilgangen, medens anden del præsenterer et udsnit af en konkret modulær model, hvis funktion illustreres ved konkrete analyser. Der udvikles moduler...

  15. 611-IJBCS-Article- Arnab Sen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins are considered as major weapons in plant's defense tactics against pathogens. The PR-1protein of Solanum tuberosum forms an integral part of the host defense system. We present here the 3D structure of PR-1 protein of S. tuberosum based on homology modeling technique. The.

  16. Ben i næsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Middelboe

    Ti års jubilæumsbog for Dansescenen på Øster Fælled Torv i København 1993-2003. Bogen indeholder meddigtende tekster og fotos fra fire udvalgte danseforestillinger for hver af de ti sæsoner. Desuden rummer den et index over periodens forestillinger, dansemaratoner, dansekonkurrencen Dansolution...

  17. Sen udvikling af carotisdissektion efter trafikuheld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Mathias; Ljungberg, Merete; Jakobsen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This case study discusses the clinical manifestations of carotid dissection in a 58-year-old male admitted with minor injuries after a traffic accident. Within 24 hours the patient developed Horner syndrome, hoarseness and possible facial nerve palsy. A CT-angiogram showed dissection of the left...

  18. Sen udvikling af carotisdissektion efter trafikuheld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Mathias; Ljungberg, Merete; Jakobsen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This case study discusses the clinical manifestations of carotid dissection in a 58-year-old male admitted with minor injuries after a traffic accident. Within 24 hours the patient developed Horner syndrome, hoarseness and possible facial nerve palsy. A CT-angiogram showed dissection of the left ...... carotid artery in its extracranial part. The patient was treated with anticoagulants and transferred to a neurological ward for further examination. Follow-up with CT angiography was scheduled for five months later....

  19. Ashoke Sen and S-Duality

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    The year 2012 marks the beginning of the Fundamen- tal Physics Prize founded by Russian entrepreneur Yuri ... mic corrections in QCD, whose importance was better appreciated by the QCD community almost a decade ... While several of them are important contributions, con- ditions on space-time supersymmetry on the ...

  20. Ashoke Sen and S-Duality

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Current Issue : Vol. 23, Issue 4 · Current Issue Volume 23 | Issue 4. April 2018. Home · Volumes & Issues · Categories · Special Issues · Search · Editorial Board · Information for Authors · Subscription ...

  1. It’s not what it looks to be! : Déconnexion entre forme et sens dans les énoncés avec verbe de perception à emploi dit “copule”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christelle LACASSAIN-LAGOIN

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’analyse de la déconnexion entre forme et sens dans les énoncés où figurent les verbes de perception à emploi dit copule (look, sound, smell, taste et feel. L’origine de ces verbes est sujette à débat et il est avancé ici une hypothèse sur l’origine nominale de ces verbes, ainsi que sur leur comportement syntaxique et sémantique unique. Il apparaît que, dans ce type d’énoncés, le sujet grammatical n’est pas le sujet logique du verbe, qui a un emploi modalisant en ce qu’il exprime un jugement sur les apparences perceptuelles. Ce conflit apparent entre syntaxe et sémantique transparaît également au niveau de certains types d’attributs du sujet (les syntagmes nominaux, les syntagmes prépositionnels introduits par OF et les propositions en AS IF / AS THOUGH. L’étude montre que tous les attributs renvoient nécessairement à des propriétés gradables, ce qui n’est pas le cas avec le verbe copule be. Ainsi, ces énoncés copulatifs, où le verbe de perception a un emploi modalisant, présentent tous, à plusieurs titres et de diverses manières, un phénomène de compression syntaxique et sémantique motive par l’application d’un principe d’économie langagière.This paper aims at analysing the disconnection between form and meaning in sentences involving copular perception verbs (look, sound, smell, taste and feel. The origin of these verbs is a controversial issue, and in this article, it is argued that they have a nominal origin and that they have identical syntactic and semantic features. It appears that, in these copulative sentences, the grammatical subject does not coincide with the underlying subject of the verb, which has a modalising use as it expresses a judgment concerning sensory appearances. This surface conflict between syntax and semantics also shows in certain types of subject complements – nominal phrases, OF-prepositional phrases and AS IF/AS THOUGH-clauses. This

  2. Avaliação das perdas sensório-motoras do pé e tornozelo decorrentes da neuropatia diabética Assessment of motor sensory losses in the foot and ankle due to diabetic neuropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ICN Sacco

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Identificar déficits sensório-motores de pés de pacientes diabéticos neuropatas e comparar os déficits do grupo neuropata com um grupo de sujeitos saudáveis. MÉTODO: 49 diabéticos neuropatas (GD e 22 controles foram submetidos a um protocolo de três estágios: (1 entrevista por meio de questionário, que caracterizou a neuropatia e sintomas, (2 avaliação da função muscular, amplitude de movimentos e testes funcionais dos pés e tornozelos, (3 avaliação da sensibilidade tátil e térmica. Os grupos foram comparados por meio dos testes Qui-quadrado, Mann-Withney e Teste T (pOBJECTIVE: To identify motor sensory deficits in the feet of neuropathic diabetic patients and compare their deficits with a group of healthy subjects. METHOD: 49 neuropathic diabetics (group NG and 22 controls (group CG underwent a three-stage protocol: (1 an interview using a questionnaire to characterize the neuropathy and symptoms; (2 assessment of muscle function and range of motion, and functional tests on the feet and ankles; (3 assessment of tactile and thermal sensitivity. The groups were compared using the chi-squared, Mann-Whitney and Student t tests (p<0.05. RESULTS: NG presented significant losses of tactile and thermal sensitivity in comparison with CG, especially in the heels (49.0% of NG and 97.3% of CG. Muscle function was decreased in NG, with predominance of loss of grade 5. The muscles most affected were the interossei (23.4%, extensor hallucis (42.5% and triceps surae (43.2%, while all muscle function was preserved in CG. All ranges of motion in NG were reduced in comparison with CG. The functional tests on the ankles in NG presented a decrease of around 50%. CONCLUSION: There were significant differences between the groups with regard to sensitivity, muscle function, range of motion and functional losses. These differences can be attributed to the diabetic neuropathy.

  3. Síndrome nefrótica córtico-sensível e diabetes mellitus tipo 1 de início simultâneo Simultaneous onset of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome and type 1 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A. Rego Filho

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentação de um caso de ocorrência simultânea de síndrome nefrótica córtico-sensível e diabetes mellitus tipo 1. A raridade da associação dessas duas doenças, os sintomas clínicos e os exames laboratoriais que confirmaram o diagnóstico, bem como as dificuldades no tratamento com corticóides, tornam este caso de grande interesse. DESCRIÇÃO: Um menino de 3 anos e 11 meses iniciou edema progressivo até anasarca. Confirmado diagnóstico de síndrome nefrótica, iniciou tratamento com prednisona 2 mg/kg/dia. Após três semanas de tratamento, observaram-se importante perda de peso, de 23 kg para 16 kg, poliúria, polidipsia e apatia. Exames laboratoriais evidenciaram hiperglicemia, 657 mg/dl, glicosúria sem proteinúria, acidemia e cetonúria. Com o diagnóstico de cetoacidose diabética, iniciou-se insulinoterapia associada a prednisona. Permaneceu com dose diária de NPH. Aos quatro anos e um mês, apresentou novo episódio de cetoacidose associado a infecção das vias aéreas superiores e sem proteinúria. Teve recaída da síndrome nefrótica aos quatro anos e quatro meses, com boa resposta a prednisona. Nova recaída após três meses, durante retirada de prednisona, optando-se por iniciar ciclofosfamida diária associada a prednisona em dias alternados, com normalização da proteinúria. Permanece em remissão, atualmente com cinco anos e seis meses, recebendo insulina diariamente. Outros exames revelaram C3 e C4 séricos normais, função renal normal, hematúria microscópica ocasional, anticorpos anti-GAD (descarboxilase glutâmica normais; anticorpos antiilhotas positivos. A tipagem HLA classes I e II forneceu os seguintes resultados: A2; B44, B52; DR4, DR8, DR53. COMENTÁRIOS: A ocorrência simultânea de síndrome nefrótica córtico-sensível e diabetes mellitus tipo 1 é muito rara. Os autores discutem os dados de literatura, o padrão familiar e os estudos de HLA.OBJECTIVE: We describe the case of a boy

  4. Avaliação da resposta sensório-motora e funcionalidade após a participação no programa de prevenção de lesões FIFA “THE 11+”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius Araujo Bispo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O futebol, devido ao seu alto nível de esforço e exigibilidade por parte dos atletas, está associado a diferentes tipos de lesões. A falta da aplicação de programas de prevenção pode contribuir para que essa ocorrência seja cada vez maior. O presente estudo avaliou a resposta sensório-motora e funcionalidade dos atletas de uma escolinha de futebol de Brasília/DF, após terem sido submetidos ao programa de prevenção de lesões FIFA “The 11+”. Foram estudados 12 atletas do gênero masculino, com a média de idade de 14 anos, estatura 1,65cm e peso de 52 kg. Apenas um era canhoto e nenhum apresentava histórico de lesão em membros inferiores. A avaliação da resposta sensório-motora foi feita por meio da eletromiografia (EMG nos músculos vasto medial, lateral e reto femoral durante a execução do Star Excursion Balance Test – SEBT, e a funcionalidade por meio do Single Leg Hop Test - SLHT. Em ambos os procedimentos, foram analisados os membros dominante e não dominante. Os resultados encontrados demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as intervenções na EMG dos músculos vasto lateral e reto femoral e no SLHT do membro inferior direito. Conclui-se que a participação no programa FIFA “The 11+” promoveu aumento tanto da resposta sensório – motora, quanto da funcionalidade do grupo de atletas estudados.

  5. Membrane fluidity and lipid composition of fluconazole resistant and susceptible strains of Candida albicans isolated from diabetic patients Fluidez e composição lipídica da membrana de cepas de Candida albicans resistentes e sensíveis ao fluconazol, isoladas de pacientes diabéticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagendra N. Mishra

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ten clinical isolates of Candida albicans, five strains belonging to each of fluconazole resistant and susceptible groups isolated from diabetic patients, were studied for the membrane fluidity and lipid composition. Compared to fluconazole susceptible strains, fluconazole resistant ones exhibited enhanced membrane fluidity as measured by fluorescence polarization technique. The increased membrane fluidity was reflected in the decreased p-values exhibited by the resistant strains. On the other hand, susceptible isolates contained higher amount of ergosterol, almost twice as compared to resistant isolates which might have contributed to their lower membrane fluidity. However, no significant alteration was observed in the phospholipid and fatty acid composition of these isolates. Labeling experiments with fluorescamine dye revealed that the percentage of the exposed aminophospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine was highest in the resistant strains as compared to the susceptible strains, indicating a possible overexpression of CDR1 and CDR2 genes in resistant strains. The results presented here suggest that the changes in the ergosterol content and overexpression of ABC transporter genes CDR1 and CDR2 could contributeto fluconazole resistance in C. albicans isolated from diabetic patients.Dez isolados clínicos, sendo cinco resistentes e cinco sensíveis ao fluconazol, obtidos de pacientes diabéticos, foram estudados quanto à fluidez e composição química da membrana. Quando comparados aos isolados sensíveis ao fluconazol, os isolados resistentes apresentaram fluidez de membrana aumentada, conforme mensurado pela técnica de polarização fluorescente. A fluidez de membrana aumentada refletiu-se pelos valores mais baixos de p. Por outro lado, os isolados sensíveis continham quantidades mais elevadas de ergosterol, quase o dobro dos isolados resistentes, o que pode ter contribuído para a fluidez de membrana mais baixa. Entretanto, não se

  6. LES MÉCANISMES DISCURSIFS DU SENS ET DE SIGNIFICATION; DE COMPRÉHENSION ET D’INTERPRÉTATION DANS LA PERSPECTIVE D’ÉTUDES SUR LA TRADUCTION AUTOMATIQUE / SENSE AND SIGNIFICATION DISCOURSE MECHANISMS; ON COMPREHENSION AND INTERPRETATION IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF STUDIES IN AUTOMATIC TRANSLATION / MECANISMELE DISCURSIVE ALE SENSULUI ŞI SEMNIFICAŢIEI. DESPRE ÎNŢELEGERE ŞI INTERPRETARE DIN PERSPECTIVA STUDIILOR REFERITOARE LA TRADUCEREA AUTOMATĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Jereczek-Lipińska

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte fait état des réflexions sur le sens et la signification en langues dans la perspective d’études sur la traduction automatique. Comment définir et décrire la compréhension et l’interprétation face à de nouveaux défis technologiques, telle est la question de départ. En effet, les recherches sur la traduction automatique démontrent les lacunes dans l’approche théorique des notions de « signification », de « sens », de « compréhension » et d’« interprétation », ce qui constitue un véritable écueil dans le transfert des données linguistiques vers la langue mathématique des algorithmes.

  7. NON - SENS OU BON SENS? FLOIRE ET BLANCHEFLEUR, UNE IDYLLE SANGLANTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brînduşa Grigoriu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available To a modern reader, Robert d’Orbigny’s romance is probably one of the most challenging idylls of the Middle Ages: the young beautiful heroes Floire and Blanchefleur, happily married and ready to found a Christian family (and conceive Berthe, Charlemagne’s mother, become, in two verses at the end of the romance, the proficient perpetrators of genocide (ms. A, v. 3331-3332. Converted through love and empathy, as soon as he is proclaimed Spain’s king, Floire completes a mass conversion through crime and baptism, moved by his tender feelings for Blanchefleur. Jean-Luc Leclanche, editor of the “aristocratic” version of the text, insists on the banality of this form of conversion at that time, and presents the Conte as a pacifist sample of clerical writing. Our paper invites to a new interpretation of this widely circulated story, exploring the emerging ideology of happy ending stories through the concept of “emotional intelligence”.

  8. Diætetikkens væsen og uvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Frank Juul

    for hovedtesen; dvs. som en tankerække der læse- og analysestrategisk udfoldes gennem en konfigurerende filosofisk læsning, der primært finder sin næring i en række tekster af Hippokrates (460-ca. 375-351 f.v.t.) – retteligt: Corpus Hippocraticum – og lægefilosofferne Galen (ca. 129 til ca. 200) og Avicenna (Abu...

  9. Condições socioeconômicas, oferta de médicos e internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em grandes municípios do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Luisa Barros de Castro; Carla Lourenço Tavares de Andrade; Cristiani Vieira Machado; Luciana Dias de Lima

    2015-01-01

    Resumo As internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária têm sido utilizadas como indicador de efetividade desse nível de atenção. O artigo explora a associação entre variáveis selecionadas e a proporção dessas internações no Brasil. A pesquisa envolveu a análise descritiva da evolução de indicadores nacionais de 1998-2012 e a realização de estudo transversal dos municípios brasileiros com população acima de 50 mil habitantes, por região do país, para o ano de 2012, utilizando-se técn...

  10. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no hospital geral de uma microrregião de saúde do município de São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Rehem,Tania Cristina Morais Santa Barbara; Ciosak,Suely Itsuko; Egry,Emiko Yoshikawa

    2012-01-01

    O indicador Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária é adotado no Brasil para avaliação da atenção básica. Considerando a sua recente adoção, este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar o panorama dessas internações em um hospital do município de São Paulo. Foi realizado um estudo ecológico exploratório, tendo como fontes o Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde e uma amostra de prontuários de pacientes internados neste hospital. Para análise, foi utilizada a es...

  11. "Noctem sideribus inlustrem...” (Tacite, Ann. XIV, 5, l). Quel est le sens exact de ce passage et qu’apporteil au récit de Ia mort d’Agrippine et a l’écriture de Tacite?

    OpenAIRE

    José Mambwini Kivuila-Kiaku

    1999-01-01

    Meditação sobre a tragédia humana, as narrativas tacitianas tendem não somente a ordenar e a expor os fatos mas tambám, e sobretudo, a sugerir planos de fundo psicológicos que se escondem por detrás da realidade sensível. Tacito – sabe-se – organiza suas narrativas com a finalidade de provocar na consciência de seu leitor uma série de emoções capazes de engendrar um estado de sensibilidade que o predispõe a compreender melhor as causas dos acontecimentos que Roma conheceu e que precipitaram s...

  12. Amartya Kumar Sen, La démocratie des autres. Pourquoi la liberté n’est pas une invention de l’Occident, traduit de l’américain par Monique Bégot, Paris, Payot et Rivages (Manuels Payot, 85 p., 10 euros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Gilardone

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La démocratie est certainement le fil conducteur de l’ensemble de l’œuvre – a priori épars – de l’économiste et philosophe Amartya Sen. D’une part, sa foi en la démocratie apparaît comme la raison première de sa volonté de défier le « théorème d’impossibilité » établi par Kenneth Arrow au début des années cinquante, et comme une ligne directrice dans sa recherche en théorie du choix social. D’autre part, dans ses analyses de problèmes sociaux plus empiriques, comme la famine ou les inégalités...

  13. Avaliação da resposta sensório-motora e funcionalidade após a participação no programa de prevenção de lesões FIFA “THE 11+”

    OpenAIRE

    Bispo, Vinícius Araujo; Centro Universitário de Brasília; Oliveira, Marcio de Paula; Centro Universitário de Brasília - UniCEUB

    2015-01-01

    O futebol, devido ao seu alto nível de esforço e exigibilidade por parte dos atletas, está associado a diferentes tipos de lesões. A falta da aplicação de programas de prevenção pode contribuir para que essa ocorrência seja cada vez maior. O presente estudo avaliou a resposta sensório-motora e funcionalidade dos atletas de uma escolinha de futebol de Brasília/DF, após terem sido submetidos ao programa de prevenção de lesões FIFA “The 11+”. Foram estudados 12 atletas do gênero masculino, com a...

  14. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no estado de São Paulo Internment for conditions suitable for primary healthcare in Sao Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Cristina Morais Santa Barbara Rehem

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Internações Sensíveis à Atenção Primária se constitui num novo indicador, utilizado em alguns países, para medir indiretamente o funcionamento e a capacidade de resolução da Atenção Primária. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar o panorama das internações sensíveis à atenção primária no Estado de São Paulo. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo ecológico, realizado no período de 2000 a 2007. Os dados foram gerados por município de residência do paciente e agregados por Departamentos Regionais de Saúde. Para obtenção dos mesmos foram utilizados os Sistemas de Informação do Ministério da Saúde e estimativa populacional do IBGE. As internações sensíveis à atenção primária no Estado seguem uma tendência de redução sugerindo relação com a adoção da Estratégia de Saúde da Família. Observa-se redução nas internações por diabetes e chama atenção o aumento de internações por doenças relacionadas ao pré-natal e parto. Considerando a publicação recente da Lista Brasileira de Diagnósticos, os estudos que se utilizem dela podem ser de grande valia para os gestores envolvidos com a atenção primária, podendo funcionar como balizadores de sua qualidade contribuindo para avaliação da implantação das políticas de saúde no Brasil.Internments suitable for Primary Healthcare constitute a new indicator used in some countries to indirectly measure the resolution capability of Primary Healthcare. The scope of this study is to present the panorama of the internments suitable for primary healthcare in Sao Paulo State. An ecological descriptive study was carried out for the period from 2000 to 2007. The data were generated by patient's county of residence and grouped by Regional Health Departments. The Information Systems of the Health Ministry and the population estimates of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE were used to obtain the data of all patients. The internments suitable

  15. Reversion by calcium of a yeast-like development to the original filamentous form, of the 10V10 5-fluorocytosine-sensitive mutant of Aspergillus niger Reversão pelo cálcio de um desenvolvimento leveduriforme para a forma filamentosa original em um mutante sensível a 5-fluorocitosina na linhagem 10V10 de Aspergillus niger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosangela de Carvalho Goulart

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Some filamentous fungi present the phenomenon of dimorphism, their morphological structure alterations being capable of inducing metabolism changes. The Aspergillus niger strain 10v10, a producer of citric acid, was submitted to the mutagenic action of ultraviolet irradiation which respectively selects mutants sensitive or resistant to the antifungi agent 5 fluorocytosine (5-FC. 5-FC sensitive mutants presented a morphological alteration to a yeast-like form. The effects of pH changes, addition of salts (KH2PO4, NH4NO3, MgSO4 and MgCl2, the presence of osmotic stabilizers, as well as of calcium chloride, on morphological reversal and acid production were studied. Morphological reversal to the filamentous form was observed only in the presence of CaCl2 (500mM for the mutants strains 1 and 2, while the acid production occurred in both, yeast-like and filamentous forms.Alguns fungos filamentosos apresentam o fenômeno de dimorfismo, sendo que as alterações da estrutura morfológica podem induzir alterações metabólicas. A linhagem de Aspergillus niger 10v10, produtora de ácido cítrico foi submetida à ação mutagênica da radiação ultravioleta selecionando mutantes sensíveis ou resistentes ao antifúngico 5-fluorocitosina (5-FC. Os mutantes selecionados como sensíveis a 5-FC apresentaram uma alteração morfológica com desenvolvimento leveduriforme. Nestes mutantes foram avaliados o efeito da alteração de pH, a adição de sais (KH2PO4, NH4NO3, MgSO4e MnCl2, a presença de estabilizadores osmóticos, cloreto de cálcio, e o seu efeito sobre a reversão morfológica e a produção de ácido. A reversão morfológica para a forma filamentosa ocorreu apenas na presença de CaCl2 (500mM para as linhagens mutantes 1 e 2, enquanto que a produção de ácido ocorreu nas duas formas, leveduriforme e filamentosa.

  16. Criteria for training and accreditation in Interventional Neuroradiology-Neurointervention, approved by the Spanish Group of Interventional Neuroradiology (GENI), the Spanish Society of Neuroradiology (SENR), the Spanish Group of Cerebrovascular Diseases (GEECV), the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN), and the vascular disease specialists in the Spanish Society of Neurosurgery (SENEC). Requirements for accreditation in Interventional Neuroradiology-Neurointervention for institutions and specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortea, F; Masjuan, J; Arikán-Abello, F; Rovira, A; González, A; Arenillas, J; Fernández Alen, J; Gállego, J

    2017-03-01

    The development of endovascular techniques has put Interventional Neuroradiology (INR) as the first-option treatment in the majority of vascular diseases of the central nervous system. Scientific societies in developed countries have created standard procedures for training and accreditation for a safe practice in these procedures. In Spain, we are waiting for the development of the legislation on the accreditation for specialists which will establish the official formative model to achieve an accreditation in INR. Until this moment comes, it is necessary to establish standards that define desirable minimums for the formative period in INR. Radiology specialists as well as neurologists and neurosurgeons will have access to INR accreditation. Specific requirements for the hospitals that wish to offer this technique and training should also be defined. The Spanish Group of Interventional Neuroradiology (GENI), the Spanish Society of Neuroradiology (SENR), the Spanish Group of Cerebrovascular Diseases (GEECV), the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN) and the Spanish Society of Neurosurgery (SENEC) have approved the content of this document and will create a committee in order to put into practice the accreditation of formative centres and INR specialists. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. "Noctem sideribus inlustrem...” (Tacite, Ann. XIV, 5, l. Quel est le sens exact de ce passage et qu’apporteil au récit de Ia mort d’Agrippine et a l’écriture de Tacite?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mambwini Kivuila-Kiaku

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Meditação sobre a tragédia humana, as narrativas tacitianas tendem não somente a ordenar e a expor os fatos mas tambám, e sobretudo, a sugerir planos de fundo psicológicos que se escondem por detrás da realidade sensível. Tacito – sabe-se – organiza suas narrativas com a finalidade de provocar na consciência de seu leitor uma série de emoções capazes de engendrar um estado de sensibilidade que o predispõe a compreender melhor as causas dos acontecimentos que Roma conheceu e que precipitaram sua decadência. Para atingir esse fim ele recorre a apresentação poética. Esta, ao mesmo tempo em que dá à narrativa de Tácito certa beleza, participa da estratégia de persuasão, tocando a imaginação dos leitores. Assim, a frase dos Anais XIV, 5, 1 e, sem dúvida, um exemplo entre tantos outros que mostram que, em Tácito, a poesia tem um conteúdo de pensamento que exprime ou aproxima a verdade histórica. E também um belo exemplo que, na literatura latina, mostra como é difícil a tarefa de um historiador pós-clássico, de unir a realidade histórica ao cuidado com o belo e ao respeito a complexidade dos acontecimentos históricos. Nas narrativas de Tácito, frequentemente marcada pela dimensão dramática, a apresentação poética dos acontecimentos entra na estratégia da persuasão que incita os leitores a melhor apreender o sentido oculto da história.

  18. Internações sensíveis na atenção primária como indicador de avaliação da Estratégia Saúde da Família Internaciones sensibles en la atención primaria como indicador de evaluación de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia Hospitalizations sensitive to primary care as an evaluation indicator for the Family Health Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Braga Lima Fernandes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar variáveis associadas a internações sensíveis ao cuidado primário. MÉTODOS: Inquérito de morbidade hospitalar realizado com amostra aleatória de 660 pacientes internados em enfermarias de clínica médica e cirúrgica de hospitais conveniados com o Sistema Único de Saúde, em Montes Claros, MG, de 2007 a 2008. Foram realizadas entrevistas com os pacientes e seus familiares utilizando formulário próprio e pesquisa aos prontuários. A definição das condições consideradas sensíveis ao cuidado primário baseou-se na lista do Ministério da Saúde. A associação entre variáveis socioeconômicas e de saúde com as internações sensíveis foi analisada utilizando-se análises bivariadas e de regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: O percentual de internações sensíveis ao cuidado primário no grupo estudado foi de 38,8% (n=256. As variáveis que se mantiveram estatisticamente associadas com as condições sensíveis ao cuidado primário foram: internação prévia (OR=1,62; IC 95%: 1,51;2,28, visitas regulares a unidades de saúde (OR=2,20; IC 95%: 1,44;3,36, baixa escolaridade (OR=1,50; IC 95%: 1,02;2,20, controle de saúde não realizado por equipe de saúde da família (OR=2,48; IC 95%: 1,64;3,74, internação solicitada por médicos que não atuam na equipe de saúde da família (OR=2,25; IC 95%: 1,03;4,94 e idade igual ou superior a 60 anos (OR=2,12; IC 95%: 1,45;3,09. CONCLUSÕES: As variáveis associadas às internações sensíveis são sobretudo próprias do paciente, como idade, escolaridade e internações prévias, mas o controle regular da saúde fora da Estratégia de Saúde da Família duplica a probabilidade de internação.RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Identificar variables asociadas a internaciones sensibles al cuidado primario. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa de morbilidad hospitalaria realizada con muestra aleatoria de 660 pacientes internados en enfermerías de clínica médica y quirúrgica de hospitales

  19. Digitalisierung des Bösen: Energiewirtschaft als Cyberopfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, Michael; Frey, Stefanie

    Die Energieversorgung ist eine kritische Infrastruktur, da alle anderen Sektoren von der Stromversorgung abhängig sind und eine Störung katastrophale Auswirkungen mit unvorhersehbaren Kaskadeneffekten mit sich bringen würde. Das oberste Ziel der Betreiber ist daher sicherzustellen, dass Maßnahmen für eine störungsfreie Stromversorgung ergriffen werden. Cyberangriffe stellen ein hohes Risiko für die Energieversorgung dar. Dabei kann die Energiewirtschaft von Massenphänomenen wie Cybercrime betroffen sein, aber auch Gegenstand von technisch komplexer Cybersabotage werden, wie bei dem Angriff Ende 2015 auf einen ukrainischen Energieversorger. Die Stromversorgung fiel für mehrere Stunden aus und hatte weitreichende Auswirkungen für die Bevölkerung und Unternehmen.

  20. Sen and Moral Choice: Merging development and existentialism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This means that full human development, anchored on the idea of being free, has an existential meaning. Deeply embedded values ultimately govern how a person makes choices. Thus, while human well-being goes beyond mere material or need satisfaction, a more holistic account of human development should consider ...

  1. Retten til privathed i det danske sundhedsvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Hanne Pihl; Juel Vang, Katrine

    2014-01-01

    på en tilfredsstillende måde. Artiklens primære perspektiv er deontologisk, men for at nuancere vores diskussion inddrages lejlighedsvist også utilitaristiske argumenter. Endvidere inddrages i artiklen Helen Nissenbaum, Tom L. Beauchamp og James F. Childress samt John Rawls. I artiklen vil tre...

  2. Kokemuksia opiskelijavaihdosta ja sen hyödyistä

    OpenAIRE

    Vähähyyppä, Antti; Nisula, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää Centria-ammattikorkeakoulusta Erasmus-ohjelman kautta ulkomaanvaihdossa olleiden opiskelijoiden ajatuksia vaihtoajasta sekä siitä, miten se vaikutti opintoihin ja valmistumisen jälkeiseen työllistymiseen. Teoriaosuudessa käsitellään kansainvälistymistä, kansainvälistymisen merkitystä työelämälle, kansainvälistyminen vaikutuksia yksilön osaamiseen ja työmarkkinakelpoisuuteen sekä opiskelijaliikkuvuutta Suomessa ja Centria- ammattikorkeakoul...

  3. The active subject: Political antropology in Amartya Sen. [Spanish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Eduardo Saldarriaga Madrigal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents Amartya Sen’s critique of the anthropological model that underlies the conception of neoclassical economics (especially in its utilitarian and rational choice versions, in order to present the conception of subject offered by the abilities approach and then the notion of development as freedom.

  4. Demografinio senėjimo įtaka ekonominiams rodikliams

    OpenAIRE

    Didžgalvytė, Monika; Lukšaitė, Ieva

    2014-01-01

    In the world population there are 2 billion people over the age of 60 and this number is growing five times faster than the overall population. Meanwhile, fertility rates over the past decades decreased about 40 %. These rapidly changing demographic indicators increase important aging population problems. Public, global, and in general demographic aging is the last century problem. Population growth has been in constant decline since the middle of 1970 when the adult working age population ha...

  5. Hugo lecteur de Byron: un contre-sens volontaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Sibona

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este trabalho trata do complexo sistema de relações entre o poema de Victor Hugo “Mazeppa”, extraído da coletânea Les orientales, ao conto oriental de Lord Byron de mesmo nome, o qual inspirou o jovem Hugo, e a sua tradução por Amédée Pichot, uma vez que Hugo não pôde ter lido o texto em inglês. Será utilizada a metodologia intertextual e comparativa inspirada pela obra de Harold Bloom, The anxiety of influence, bem como os conceitos teóricos de Gilles Deleuze e Félix Guattari expostos em Mille plateaux.Palavras-chave: Literatura francesa; Victor Hugo; Mazeppa; literatura inglesa; Lord Byron; Harold Bloom; Gilles Deleuze; Félix Guattari.Résumé: Il s’agit dans cet article du complexe système d’agrafes qui relie le poème de Victor Hugo ‘Mazeppa’, extrait de son recueil Les orientales, au conte oriental de Lord Byron du même nom, qui a inspiré le jeune Hugo, et à sa traduction par Amédée Pichot, Hugo n’ayant pu lire le texte anglais. J’utiliserais pour ce faire une méthodologie intertextuelle et comparative inspirée par l’ouvrage de Harold Blomm, The anxiety of influence et les outils théoriques de Gilles Deleuze et Félix Guattari tels qu’ils sont exponsés dans Mille plateaux.Mots-clés: Littérature française; Victor Hugo; Mazeppa; littérature anglaise; Lord Byron; Harold Bloom; Gilles Deleuze; Félix Guattari.Keywords: French literature; Victor Hugo; Mazeppa; English literature; Lord Byron; Harold Bloom; Gilles Deleuze; Félix Guattari.

  6. Sen migration af mesh til colon efter laparoskopisk hernieoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Martin; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    Long-term complications after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh reinforcement are not well documented in the literature. We describe a case of a 63-year-old woman with repeated hernia operations due to a ventral hernia, which ultimately was complicated with mesh migration...

  7. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An evangelical understanding of religion: The establishment of sensible communication within religious and cultural pluralities The article argues that when different religions and cultures live together in modern societies, it will result in a great deal of conflict. It is also true of Systematic Theology driven by confessions if ...

  8. Merimiesten unen laatu ja sen vaikutus työkykyyn

    OpenAIRE

    Pöntinen, Juha

    2015-01-01

    Riittävän unen merkitystä ihmisen psyykkiseen ja fyysiseen hyvinvointiin ei voi kiistää. Elimistö tarvitsee syvää unta, jotta se palautuu päivän rasituksista ja aivot saavat levätä. Ihmisen keskittyminen ja töistä suoriutuminen ei ole parhaalla mahdollisella tasolla, jos eletään jatkuvassa univajeessa. Jatkuva unen puute vaikeuttaa vaativimpia aivotoimintoja, joten päätöksenteko vaikeutuu, ennakointikyky heikkenee, onnettomuusriski lisääntyy, reaktiokyky alentuu, sekä muisti huononee. Lisäksi...

  9. Nuorten kokema yksinäisyys ja sen yhteys tulevaisuusorientaatioon

    OpenAIRE

    Aalto-Kallio, Mervi

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine 1) how much and how adolescents experience loneliness, 2) how they orientate to the future, 3) are loneliness experiences and future attitudes associated with self-esteem and 4) are loneliness experiences associated with future orientation. The data (n=172) was collected in September 2003 and it consisted of 9th grade students living in countryside and city. The research was quantitative questionnaire study and it was statistically analysed. So far th...

  10. Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Business Intelligence ja sen tuomat uudistukset

    OpenAIRE

    Luoma, Lauri

    2013-01-01

    Insinöörityö käsittelee Metropolia Ammattikorkeakoulun Microsoft Business Intelligence (BI) ratkaisut -kurssilla käytetyn laboratoriomanuaalin MCTS Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-448) -harjoituksien siirtämistä SQL Serverille 2012. Työllä on tarkoitus osoittaa, että SQL Server 2012 BI -työkalut soveltuvat harjoituksiin. Työssä siirrytään käyttämään uudempaa työkalua, SQL Server Data Toolsia, joka korvaa SQL Server 2008 R2 Business Intelligence Development Studion. Työn alussa tutust...

  11. Stordrifts- og samdriftsfordele i det danske sygehusvæsen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels

    2009-01-01

    Denne tværsnitsundersøgelse analyserer omfanget af stordriftsfordele (economies of scale) og samdriftsfordele (economies of scope) for de offentlige sygehuse i Danmark i 2004.  Der er kun belyst forhold for somatiske behandlinger. Omkostningsforholdene er belyst ved hjælp af driftsudgifter fra...

  12. Czechoznawstwo polskie – charakter i sens jednego kierunku badawczego

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pánek, Jaroslav

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 1 (2017), s. 99-113 ISSN 2084-1213 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Czech Studies * Poland * Humanities Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  13. De la diversité au sens des lieux

    OpenAIRE

    Bérard, Laurence; Marchenay, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Poirier à poiré du Domfrontais, variété rouge-vigny Reflétée par une foule de charcuteries, fromages, huiles, pâtisseries, fruits ou légumes, la diversité est omniprésente : diversité biologique ; échelles de fabrication ; modes de commercialisation ; place du produit dans la communauté ; ancrage historique, autant de registres qui nourrissent la complexité de cette famille de produits locaux. Au croisement du biologique et du culturel Les productions agricoles et alimentaires locales apparti...

  14. Entropy of the Kerr–Sen black hole

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (4) where βi 's are dimensionless constant parameters. If the black hole has other macroscopic parameters such as angular momentum and electric charge, one can express this expansion in terms of the area of the event horizon, i.e. using the horizon radius rH and the angular momentum a, as done in [1,4],. I (r, t) = I0 (r, t).

  15. Amartya Sen and the Math- ematics of Collective Choice

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    economist even amongst laypersons long be- fore the decision of the Royal Swedish Acad- emy to award him the 1998 Nobel Prize for. Economics. His fame has been largely due to his influential work on issues which are of interest to all concerned citizens. Some ex- amples are: the causes of famines, gender.

  16. Sen. Voinovich resolution condemning violence in Estonia passes the Senat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    USA senaatori George V. Voinovichi resolutsiooniga mõistis USA senat hukka Venemaa poolse vägivalla ning avaldas Eestile toetust seoses sündmustega, mis vallandusid Venemaa poolt Eesti vastu nn. pronkssõduri teisaldamisega

  17. Possibilidade de um encontro sensível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Coelho

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Project for visual intervention in the FAU's space of University City, proposing both the meeting and dialogue between the poetics of two architectures: the art-nouveau of Vila Penteado, the FAU-Maranhao building and the modern of the forme. This way, through of this conjunction we were brought up against the preservention's problems of that building

  18. Correspondentie David van Dantzig-Gerrit Mannoury : historische notitie SEN

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Siegenbeek van Heukelom; G. Alberts (Gerard)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractCorrespondence David van Dantzig--Gerrit Mannoury October 23rd 1917, after the second lecture in a course on analytical geometry David van Dantzig, student of chemistry, wrote a long letter to the professor of mathematics Gerrit Mannoury. It proved the starting point of a life-long

  19. Desnutrição neonatal e produção de IFN-γ IL-12 e IL-10 por macrófagos/linfócitos: estudo da infecção celular, in vitro, por Staphylococcus aureus meticilina sensível e meticilina resistente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thacianna Barreto da Costa

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência da desnutrição neonatal sobre a produção de Interferon gama, Interleucina-12 e Interleucina-10 em cultura de macrófagos alveolares e linfócitos infectados, in vitro, com Staphylococcus aureus sensível/resistente à meticilina. MÉTODOS: Ratos machos Wistar foram amamentados por mães cuja dieta, durante a lactação, continha 17% de proteína no grupo nutrido e 8% no grupo desnutrido. Após desmame, ambos os grupos receberam a dieta normoproteica. Os macrófagos foram obtidos após traqueostomia, através da coleta do lavado broncoalveolar. Para obtenção dos linfócitos, foi realizado o procedimento cirúrgico de punção cardíaca. Após o isolamento dos diferentes tipos celulares, procedeuse à realização dos estímulos com as cepas de estudo. A dosagem das citocinas foi realizada pelo método de Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, a partir de amostras coletadas do sobrenadante das culturas após 24 horas de incubação. RESULTADOS: A desnutrição acarretou diminuição do crescimento ponderal, redução na produção de Interferon gama em cultura de macrófagos alveolares e linfócitos e diminuição na produção de Interleucina-12 em cultura de macrófagos alveolares. Apenas a produção de Interferon gama e Interleucina-10 em cultura de macrófagos alveolares apresentou diferença entre as cepas analisadas, em ambos os grupos estudados. CONCLUSÃO: O modelo de desnutrição neonatal produziu sequela no peso corporal e reduziu a produção de citocinas próinflamatórias (Interleucina-12 e Interferon gama, indicando que esse modelo de desnutrição pode comprometer a resolução de um processo infeccioso. A cepa de Staphylococcus aureus resistente à meticilina estimulou uma maior produção de Interferon gama e Interleucina-10 por macrófagos alveolares, o que sugeriu estimulação imunológica mais intensa, por essa cepa, nesse tipo celular especificamente.

  20. Effects of a cognitive modulator in the theta and alpha asymmetry during a typewriting task: a sensorimotor integration perspective Efeitos de um modulador cognitivo na assimetria de teta e alfa durante uma tarefa de datilografia: uma perspectiva da integração sensório-motora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlo Cunha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to elucidate cortical mechanisms and to identify the areas where occur such mechanisms due to interaction between bromazepam and motor learning. The sample was composed of 45 healthy subjects randomly distributed in 3 groups: placebo (n=15, bromazepam 3 mg (n=15 or bromazepam 6 mg (n=15. To perform the experimental task, subjects sat comfortably at a distance of approximately 20 cm from the typewriter. The typewriter keyboard was covered with a wooden box to avoid visual information about the hands' position. The typewriting task was performed concomitantly with EEG recording. ANOVA two-way results indicated a decreased asymmetry in sensorimotor areas in the experimental groups. Our interpretation is that moderate doses of bromazepam may improve performance on tasks with predictable elements to promote stability of psychomotor functions, but may also impair performance on tasks executed in unpredictable environments.O objetivo do estudo foi elucidar mecanismos corticais e identificar as áreas onde estas ocorrem tais mecanismos devido à interação entre bromazepam e aprendizagem motora. A amostra compreendeu 45 sujeitos hígidos distribuídos randomicamente em 3 grupos: placebo (n=15, bromazepam 3 mg (n=15 ou bromazepam 6 mg (n=15. Para a realização da tarefa experimental, sujeitos sentaram-se confortavelmente a uma distância de aproximadamente 20 cm da máquina de escrever. O teclado da máquina foi coberto com uma caixa de madeira para evitar informações visuais sobre a posição das mãos. O registro do EEGq ocorreu simultaneamente à tarefa de datilografia. Os resultados da ANOVA two-way indicaram menor assimetria em áreas sensório-motoras nos grupos experimentais. Nossa interpretação é que doses moderadas de bromazepam podem melhorar o desempenho em tarefas previsíveis por promover estabilidade das funções psicomotoras, mas pode prejudicar o desempenho em tarefas realizadas em ambientes imprevisíveis.

  1. A rapid and sensitive diagnosis of bovine leukaemia virus infection using the nested shuttle polymerase chain reaction Diagnóstico rápido e sensível da infecção com o vírus da Leucemia Bovina através de Shuttle Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester T. González

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Bovine leukaemia virus (BLV is the causative agent of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL. In Argentina, where a program to eradicate EBL has been introduced, sensitive and reliable diagnosis has attained high priority. Although the importance of the agar gel immunodiffusion test remains unchanged for routine work, an additional diagnostic technique is necessary to confirm cases of sera with equivocal results or of calves carrying maternal antibodies.Utilizing a nested shuttle polymerase chain reaction, the proviral DNA was detected from cows experimentally infected with as little as 5 ml of whole blood from BLV seropositive cows that were nonetheless normal in haematological terms. It proved to be a very sensitive technique, since it rapidly revealed the presence of the provirus, frequently at 2 weeks postinoculation and using a two-round procedure of nested PCR taking only 3 hours. Additionally, the primers used flanked a portion of the viral genome often employed to differentiate BLV type applying BamHI digestion. It is concluded that this method might offer a highly promising diagnostic tool for BLV infection.O Vírus da leucemia bovina (BLV é o agente causal da Leucose Enzoótica Bovina (EBL. Na Argentina, iniciou-se um programa de erradicação da EBL. Neste estágio, é prioritário possuir uma ferramenta de diagnóstico confiável. Embora seja indiscutível a importância do teste de agar gel imunodifusão, empregado rotineiramente no diagnóstico serológico da EBL, faz-se necessária uma técnica de diagnóstico adicional capaz de confirmar os resultados duvidosos. Foi possivel detectar ADN proviral aplicando Nested-PCR em novilhos experimentalmente infectados com pequenas doses de sangue total (5ml obtidas de um bovino BLV soropositivo. Esta técnica, cujo procedimento leva 3 horas, demonstrou ser muito sensível, uma vez que foi capaz de detectar a presença do provirus duas semanas após a inoculação. Os primers utilizados são os que

  2. Os efeitos da estimulação sensório motora oral na sucção nutritiva na mamadeira de recém-nascidos pré-termo The sensory-motor-oral stimulation effects on nutritive sucking of preterm infants during bottle feeding

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    Raquel Coube de Carvalho Yamamoto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar o desempenho da sucção nutritiva, na mamadeira, em recém-nascidos pré-termo submetidos à estimulação sensório-motora-oral. MÉTODOS: pesquisa do tipo ensaio clínico controlado de intervenção. 20 recém-nascidos pré-termo foram distribuídos em grupo estimulado e grupo controle. Estes grupos foram submetidos à avaliação fonoaudiológica em dois diferentes momentos: na liberação da alimentação por via oral; e quando atingiam alimentação plena por via oral num período de 24 horas. As avaliações foram filmadas, e os resultados foram analisados pela pesquisadora. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se o Teste exato de Fishe r e o Teste "T" de Studen t do software estatístico STATA 10.0. Considerou-se p PURPOSE: to check the nutritive sucking performance in preterm infants that underwent sensory-motororal stimulation. METHODS: a controlled clinical trial of intervention was performed in 20 preterm infants divided into experimental and control group. The infants received a speech therapist evaluation in two different times: at the beginning of the oral feeding (first speech therapist evaluation and when they reached full oral feeding (second evaluation. Statistical data analyses used STATA 10 package and they were analyzed for treatment group differences with Fisher's exact Test and Student's unpaired t-test (p<0.05. RESULTS: infants in the experimental group, in the second evaluation, differed statistically in the pressure of strong sucking (p=0.003, presence of the three adaptive reflexes (p=0.001, coordination among sucking, swallowing and breathing (p=0.003, the total time for sucking (p=0.01 and of number of sucking/time (p<0.01. The total number of sucks showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05 among the evaluations of the control group. No differences were observed among the groups as for sucking rhythm, and prescribed and ingested milk volume. CONCLUSION: in this study, sensory

  3. Programa Saúde da Família e condições sensíveis à atenção primária, Bagé (RS Programa Salud de la Familia y condiciones sensibles a la atención primaria, Sur de Brasil Family Health Program and ambulatory care-sensitive conditions in Southern Brazil

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    Fúlvio Borges Nedel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Condições sensíveis à atenção primária (CSAP são problemas de saúde atendidos por ações do primeiro nível de atenção. A necessidade de hospitalização por essas causas deve ser evitada por uma atenção primária oportuna e efetiva. O objetivo do estudo foi estimar a probabilidade do diagnóstico de CSAP em pacientes hospitalizados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 1.200 pacientes internados entre setembro/2006 e janeiro/2007 em Bagé (RS. Os pacientes responderam a questionário aplicado por entrevistadoras, sendo classificados segundo o modelo de atenção utilizado previamente à hospitalização. As CSAP foram definidas em oficina promovida pelo Ministério da Saúde. Analisaram-se variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, de situação de saúde e relativas aos serviços de saúde utilizados. A análise multivariável foi realizada por modelo de Poisson, seguindo modelo teórico hierárquico de determinação da hospitalização segundo sexo e modelo de atenção. RESULTADOS: O total de 42,6% das internações foi por condições sensíveis à atenção primária. A probabilidade de que o diagnóstico principal de internação seja por uma dessas condições aumenta com as características: ser do sexo feminino, ter idade menor de cinco anos, ter escolaridade menor de cinco anos, ter sido hospitalizado no ano anterior à entrevista, ter consulta médica na emergência, estar internado no hospital universitário. Associaram-se à probabilidade de CSAP: (a mulheres: faixa etária, escolaridade, tempo de funcionamento da unidade de saúde, residir em área de saúde da família, ser usuária do Programa Saúde da Família, consulta médica na emergência no mês anterior à pesquisa e hospital de internação; (b homens: faixa etária, ter sofrido outra internação no ano anterior à entrevista e o hospital de internação. CONCLUSÕES: As condições sensíveis à atenção prim

  4. La ciudad de los sonidos: Una heurística de la sensibilidad en los paisajes urbanos contemporáneos A cidade dos sons: A heurística do sensível nas paisagens urbanas contemporâneas City of sounds: An heuristic of sensible aspects of public life in contemporary urban landscape

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    Carlos Fortuna

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de los aspectos sensibles de la vida pública o, en otras palabras, el ritmanálisis de Henri Lefebvre, tiene un enorme potencial heurístico para el estudio de las ciudades y sus imágenes. Este texto sostiene que las imágenes de la ciudad también están hechas de paisajes sonoros; y que los sonidos urbanos pueden revelar no sólo la evolución urbana, sino también el modo de organización actual de los entornos sociales de las ciudades. Sin embargo, las Ciencias Sociales se han relacionado de manera irregular con esas sonoridades. Con incursiones en los dominios de la Sociología y de la Geografía, este texto sostiene la necesidad de conceder una mayor atención a los campos y paisajes sonoros de las ciudades, a fin de detectar con más rigor sus trayectorias y configuraciones sociales.A análise dos aspectos sensíveis da vida pública ou, por outras palavras, a ritmanálise de H. Lefebvre encerra um enorme potencial heurístico para a compreensão das cidades e das suas imagens. Este texto sustenta que as cidades são também feitas de paisagens sonoras e que os sons urbanos podem revelar não apenas a evolução urbana mas também o modo actual de organização dos ambientes sociais vividos nas cidades. Contudo, é irregular a forma como as Ciências Sociais se têm relacionado com estas sonoridades. Com incursões nos domínios da Sociologia e da Geografia, este texto sustenta a necessidade de se conceder maior atenção aos campos e paisagens sonoros das cidades, de modo a detectar com mais rigor as suas trajectórias e configurações sociais.The analysis of the sensible aspects of public life, or, in other words, Henri Lefebvre's rhythmanalysis, has an enormous heuristic potential for the study of cities and their images. This text argues that city images are also made of sounds and that urban sounds can reveal not only urban evolution, but also the current mode of organization of the social environments of cities

  5. Atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos do joelho em indivíduos com reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior sob diferentes estímulos sensório-motores: relato de casos Electromyographic activity of knee muscles in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction under different perturbations: case report

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    Jefferson Rosa Cardoso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste foi descrever a atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos estabilizadores do joelho de indivíduos que receberam diferentes enxertos na cirurgia de reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA. Foram avaliados dois casos de enxerto patelar, dois de enxerto posterior e dois controle, durante seis estímulos proprioceptivos ao indivíduo em apoio unipodal (em solo, prancha inclinada, prancha redonda, balancinho e rollerboard em sentido ântero-posterior, AP, e médio-lateral, ML. O sinal eletromiográfico normalizado foi captado durante contração isométrica voluntária máxima (CIVM de cada músculo (vasto medial oblíquo, vasto lateral, semitendinoso, bíceps femoral e gastrocnêmio. Ao comparar os músculos vasto medial oblíquo e vasto lateral entre os casos, foi encontrada porcentagem da CIVM maior na amostra com enxerto patelar durante os estímulos solo, prancha inclinada e rollerboard AP, enquanto nos casos de enxerto posterior isso ocorreu sob os estímulos de balancinho e prancha redonda. Ao analisar somente os músculos flexores, os sujeitos com enxerto posterior apresentaram maior atividade sob os estímulos de balancinho e rollerboard ML. Conclui-se que os casos com enxerto patelar ativam mais sua musculatura que aqueles com enxerto posterior; e a quantidade de ativação muscular parece variar para cada estímulo sensório-motor, conforme o tipo de enxerto usado. Estes achados podem orientar a reabilitação de indivíduos submetidos à cirurgia de reconstrução do LCA.The aim of this case study was to describe electromyographic (EMG activity of the knee stabilizing muscles in subjects having received different autografts in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL surgical reconstruction: two subjects with anterior bone-tendon-bone graft, two with hamstring graft and two controls. Normalised EMG signal was collected during maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC of each muscle (vastus medialis obliques, vastus

  6. Working in Cooperatives and Social Economy: Effects on Job Satisfaction and the Meaning of Work Travailler en coopérative et dans l’économie sociale, effets sur la satisfaction et le sens du travail Trabajar en cooperativa y en la economía social, efectos sobre la satisfacción y el sentido del trabajo

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    Davy Castel

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the impact of social economics on job satisfaction. According to the hypothesis, the adoption of social economics’ goals and modes of work organization is a source of job satisfaction: reduction in the separation between conception and execution, increase in work’s interest and perceived usefulness, and better cohesion and coordination among workers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the workers in two consulting firms in sustainable development in France, one a cooperative and the other a private company. The results of the content analysis corroborate the hypothesis. The fact that social economy’s principles have positive impacts on job satisfaction in both companies also shows that social economy’s positive influence on well-being at work depends less on formal work organization than on the meaning given to work.Nous étudions les effets de l’économie sociale sur la satisfaction au travail. Selon l’hypothèse, l’adoption des finalités et des modes d’organisation du travail de l’économie sociale est source de satisfaction au travail : réduction de la séparation entre conception et exécution, augmentation de l’intérêt et de l’utilité perçue du travail, meilleure cohésion et coordination entre les travailleurs. Les résultats de l’analyse de contenu des entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès des salariés de deux entreprises exerçant dans le secteur du conseil en développement durable en France, l’une société coopérative (SCOP et l’autre entreprise privée, confirment cette hypothèse. Le fait que les principes d’économie sociale ont des conséquences positives sur la satisfaction au travail dans les deux entreprises montre par ailleurs que l’influence positive de l’économie sociale sur le bien-être au travail dépend moins des modes de structuration formels que du sens donné au travail.Este artículo estudia los efectos de la economía social sobre la

  7. Resposta fisiológica de clone de café Conilon sensível à deficiência hídrica enxertado em porta-enxerto tolerante Physiological response of Conilon coffee clone sensitive to drought grafted onto tolerant rootstock

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    Vânia Aparecida Silva

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar alterações fisiológicas e de tolerância à seca em clones de café Conilon (Coffea canephora contrastantes quanto à sensibilidade ao deficit hídrico. Foram avaliadas as enxertias recíprocas entre os clones 109A, sensível ao deficit hídrico, e 120, tolerante - 120/109A, 120/120, 109A/120, 109A/109A -, além de seus respectivos pés-francos. As plantas foram cultivadas em vasos de 12 L em casa de vegetação. Após seis meses, metade das plantas foi submetida ao deficit hídrico por meio da suspensão da irrigação, até que as folhas atingissem o potencial hídrico de antemanhã de -3,0 MPa. Quando o clone 120 foi usado como porta-enxerto, as plantas apresentaram sistema radicular mais profundo, mas com menor massa, retardaram por mais tempo a desidratação celular das folhas e apresentaram maior eficiência no uso da água. Sob seca severa, os teores de amido e sacarose decresceram em todos os tratamentos, enquanto os teores de glicose, frutose, aminoácidos totais e prolina aumentaram, particularmente nos tratamentos 109A pé-franco, 109A/109A e 120/109A. Essas plantas apresentaram menor eficiência no uso da água. O acúmulo de solutos não foi associado à tolerância à seca. O uso de porta-enxertos tolerantes à seca contribui para a maior tolerância das plantas ao deficit hídrico.The objective of this work was to determine alterations in physiology and those due to drought tolerance on Conilon coffee (Coffea canephora contrasting clones regarding the sensitivity to hydric stress. The reciprocal grafting between clones 109A, drought sensitive, and 120, drought tolerant, - 120/109A, 120/120, 109A/120, 109A/109A - along with their ungrafted control plants (109A and 120 were evaluated. Plants were cultivated in 12-L vases in greenhouse. Six months after grafting, half of the plants was subjected to water deficit, by suspending irrigation until leaves reached the hydric potential of -3

  8. Estimativa do fluxo do calor sensível utilizando o algoritmo SEBAL e imagens MODIS para a região Norte Fluminense, RJ Estimative of sensible heat flux (H in North Fluminense region, RJ, using MODIS products and SEBAL algorithm

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    José Carlos Mendonça

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo foram utilizadas imagens do sensor MODIS e o SEBAL na avaliação de duas proposições para a estimação do fluxo de calor sensível (H, baseadas na seleção dos pixels âncoras utilizados na determinação da diferença da temperatura à superfície (dT. Denominou-se H-CLÁSSICO, a proposição que utilizou pixels com temperaturas extremas, e H-PESAGRO, aquela que adotou o pixel frio para a menor temperatura e o pixel quente para o valor de H obtido como resíduo da equação de Penman-Monteith (FAO56, estimado com dados observados em uma estação agrometeorológica. Os resultados de H estimados pelas duas proposições foram comparados com valores de H obtidos pelo Balanço de Energia (Razão de Bowen sobre uma área cultivada com cana-de-açúcar. Com os resultados obtidos pode-se concluir que a proposição H-PESAGRO necessitou de um menor número de interações para a estabilização dos valores da resistência aerodinâmica (r ah e que os resultados, estimados com a proposição H-CLÁSSICA, apresentaram valores 58,35 % mais elevados do que os estimados pela H-PESAGRO. Quando comparados com os valores de H estimados pelo método da razão de Bowen sobre o pixel da cana-de-açúcar, os coeficientes de correlação foram r = 0,54 e r = 0,71, respectivamente, para as proposições H-CLÁSSICA e H-PESAGRO.Images from the MODIS and SEBAL algorithm were used to evaluate two proposals for estimating sensible heat flux (H based on the selection of anchor pixels used to determine the surface temperature difference (dT. The proposition in which pixels with extreme temperatures were used was called H-CLASSIC. The other one H-PESAGRO adopted for cold pixels the lowest temperature and for the hot pixels the value of H as a residue of the equation of Penman-Monteith FAO 56, using observed data from agrometeorological station. The results showed that the H-PESAGRO required a smaller number of interactions for the stabilization of the

  9. Conceptual and methodological aspects in the study of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions Aspectos conceituais e metodológicos no estudo das hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária

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    Fúlvio Borges Nedel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospitalization rates for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions have been used to assess effectiveness of the first level of health care. From a critical analysis of related concepts, we discuss principles for selecting a list of codes and, taking the example of the Brazilian Family Health Program, propose a methodological pathway for identifying variables in order to inform statistical models of analysis. We argue that for the indicator to be comparable between regions, disease codes should be selected based on sensitivity and specificity principles, not on observed disease frequency. Rates of hospitalization will be determined, at a distal level, by the socio-economic environment and their effect on the social and demographic structure. Timely and effective care depends on the organization of health services, their availability and access barriers, which depend on the ways health and related technology are conceptualised and on their adherence to the biomedical model or to the Primary Health Care (PHC principles; performance indicators of the health system will be the proximal determinants. This indicator is potentially useful for primary care evaluation. The historical reconstruction of PHC improves the analysis of the indicator variability.As taxas de hospitalização por condições sensíveis à atenção primária são um indicador da efetividade do primeiro nível de atenção à saúde. Partindo de breve revisão crítica, este artigo discute princípios para a seleção de códigos de internação por essas causas e, com o exemplo do Programa Saúde da Família, propõe um modelo teórico para a seleção de variáveis para análise estatística. A comparabilidade inter-regional do indicador depende da seleção de códigos de doenças baseada em princípios de sensibilidade e especificidade, não na frequência da doença. As taxas de hospitalização serão distalmente determinadas pela situação socioeconômica e seu efeito sobre a

  10. Indicadores de qualidade sensíveis aos cuidados de enfermagem em lares de idosos Indicadores de calidad sensibles a los cuidados de enfermería en asilos de ancianos Quality indicators for sensitive care in nursing homes for older people

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    Telmo Aleixo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Constata-se um envelhecimento da população não só em Portugal, como a nível mundial, deste modo existe a necessidade de enquadrar indicadores de qualidade dos cuidados de enfermagem em lares de idosos. Objectivo: Identificar um conjunto de indicadores de qualidade de saúde sensíveis aos cuidados de enfermagem em lares de idosos. Metodologia: Foi efectuada uma pesquisa na EBSCO (CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE with Full Text, British Nursing Index e procurados artigos em texto integral (28-01-2009, publicados entre 1998/01/01 e 2008/12/31. Foi utilizado o método de PI[C]O e seleccionados doze artigos de um total de cento e trinta e oito. Resultados: Observámos catorze indicadores de qualidade dos cuidados prestados em lares de idosos com enfermagem permanente e seleccionámos um conjunto de instrumentos científicos de avaliação da qualidade. Conclusão: Os enfermeiros proporcionam um importante contributo na melhoria da qualidade nestas organizações. Os resultados observados permitem perceber que a introdução destes profissionais, de forma contínua, tem impacto directo na diminuição do recurso aos serviços de saúde (urgências e dias de internamento, na redução do número de quedas, no controlo da dor, na prevalência do número de úlceras de pressão e no aumento da funcionalidade.Se constata un envejecimiento de la población no solo en Portugal, sino a nivel mundial, de este modo existe la necesidad de encuadrar indicadores de calidad de los cuidados de enfermería en asilos de ancianos. Objetivo: Identificar un conjunto de indicadores de calidad de salud sensibles a los cuidados de enfermería en asilos de ancianos. Metodología: Fue efectuada una investigación en la EBSCO (CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE with Full Text, British Nursing Index y indagados artículos en texto integral (28-01-2009, publicados entre 01/01/1998 y 31/12/2008. Fue utilizado el método de PI[C]O y fueron seleccionados doce art

  11. Redução das internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Brasil entre 1998-2009 Reducción de las internaciones por condiciones susceptibles a atención primaria en Brasil entre 1998-2009 Reduction of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in Brazil between 1998 and 2009

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    Antonio Fernando Boing

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a tendência de hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária entre 1998 e 2009 no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de séries temporais com dados secundários referentes às internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Sistema Único de Saúde. Os dados foram obtidos do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares. As taxas de internações por 10.000 habitantes foram padronizadas por faixa etária e sexo, considerando a população brasileira masculina recenseada em 2000 como padrão. A análise de tendência da série histórica foi realizada por regressão linear generalizada pelo método de Prais-Winsten. RESULTADOS: Houve redução média anual de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária de 3,7% entre homens (IC95% -2,3;-5,1 e mulheres (IC95% -2,5;-5,6 entre 1998 e 2009. A tendência variou em cada unidade federativa, porém em nenhuma houve aumento das internações. No sexo masculino e feminino as maiores reduções foram observadas nas internações por úlceras gastrintestinais (-11,7% ao ano e -12,1%, respectivamente, condições evitáveis (-8,8% e -8,9% e doenças das vias aéreas inferiores (-8,0% e -8,1%. Angina (homens, infecção no rim e trato urinário (homens e mulheres e condições relacionadas ao pré-natal e parto (mulheres apresentaram aumento nas internações. Os três grupos de doenças que mais ocasionaram internações foram gastrenterites infecciosas e complicações, internações por insuficiência cardíaca e asma. CONCLUSÕES: Houve redução substancial nas internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária no Brasil entre 1998 e 2009, porém algumas doenças apresentaram estabilidade ou acréscimo, exigindo atenção do setor saúde.OBJETIVO: Describir la tendencia de hospitalizaciones por condiciones susceptibles a atención primaria entre 1998 y 2009 en Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudio ecológico de series

  12. Avaliação da estimulação sensório-motora-oral na transição da alimentação enteral para a via oral plena em recém-nascidos pré-termo Evaluation of sensory-motor-oral stimulation in the transition from gastric tube to full oral feeding in preterm newborns

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    Magda Aline Bauer

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar a influência da estimulação sensório-motora-oral (SMO sobre o ganho de peso, tempo para realizar a transição da sonda para a via oral e, indiretamente, sobre a alta hospitalar de pré-termos. MÉTODOS: estudo de intervenção, do tipo ensaio clínico controlado, que incluiu 24 pré-termos, internados na UTI Neonatal do Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, entre maio de 2007 e março de 2008, alocados, por sorteio, em grupo estimulado (GE e controle (GC. A análise das diferenças entre os grupos foi testada utilizando o teste t-Student independente e exato de Fisher (valor de pOBJECTIVES: to evaluate the influence of sensory-motor-oral (SMO stimulation on weight gain, the time taken to make the transition from tube-to oral feeding and, indirectly, on the duration of hospitalization of preterm infants. METHODS: a controlled clinical intervention study was carried out with 24 preterm infants hospitalized in the Neonatal ICU of the Santa Maria University Hospital in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, between May 2007 and March 2008, divided randomly into a treatment (TG and control group (CG. The analysis of the differences between the groups was tested using Student's independent t-test and Fisher's exact test (with a p value <0.05. RESULTS: there was no statistical difference in terms of anthropometrical measurements, although the daily weight gain was higher in the TG (p=0.16. The TG group made a full transition from tube-to oral feeding on average 1.6 days earlier than the CG, 83.3% of the children in the TG making the transition within seven days, compared to only 38.9% of the control group. There was no difference in terms of the length of stay in hospital between the two groups (p=0.48. CONCLUSIONS: SMO stimulation was likely to lead to a swifter transition from tube-to oral feeding, without any adverse effect on weight gain in preterm newborns. No influence on the length of stay in

  13. Correlação entre os níveis de proteína C reativa ultra-sensível e as características clínicas e laboratoriais em mulheres com síndrome do ovário policístico Correlation of high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels and clinical and laboratory parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome patients

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    Mônica de Oliveira

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a concentração plasmática da proteína C reativa ultra-sensível (PCRus e a sua correlação com variáveis clínicas, hormonais e metabólicas em pacientes portadoras da síndrome do ovário policístico (SOP. Métodos: estudo transversal, que incluiu 46 pacientes portadoras de síndrome do ovário policístico, diagnosticadas segundo os critérios de Rotterdam (2003, e 44 pacientes controle, que foram submetidas a dosagem da PCRus. O índice de massa corporal (IMC, a idade, a circunferência abdominal e os níveis de insulina de jejum, de testosterona, do HOMA-IR (homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance e do colesterol total, além de frações foram correlacionados aos níveis de PCR, utilizando-se análise de regressão multivariada. RESULTADOS: as portadoras da SOP apresentavam idade, IMC, circunferência abdominal, insulina de jejum, HOMA-IR, colesterol total e lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL em concentrações plasmáticas superiores às do controle. Houve diferença significante nos níveis da PCRus entre o grupo da SOP (2,7±2,17 mg/dL e o controle (1,6±1,49 mg/dL, pPURPOSE: to evaluate the ultra-sensitive C-Reactive Protein level (us-CRP in patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS, and the correlation of clinical and laboratory parameters with the us-CRP level. Methods: in this cross-sectional study, 46 women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, according to the Rotterdam criteria, and 44 control women have been included. Serum was analyzed for C reactive protein (CRP levels. Body mass index (BMI, age, circumference waist, HOMA-IR, total, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, testosterone and insulin levels were correlated to CRP level through a linear regression model. RESULTS: PCOS patients not only were older and had higher BMI, but their waist circumference, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, total and LDL cholesterol were also higher, as compared to the women from the

  14. Vírus da leucemia felina: análise da classificação da infecção, das técnicas de diagnóstico e da eficácia da vacinação com o emprego de técnicas sensíveis de detecção viral Feline leukemia virus: infection outcomes, diagnostic techniques and vaccine efficacy analysis employing sensitive techniques of virus detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreza Soriano Figueiredo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available O Vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV pertence à família Retroviridae, gênero Gammaretrovirus. Diferentemente de outras retroviroses, uma parcela dos gatos jovens e adultos exposta ao FeLV não apresenta antigenemia/viremia, de acordo com as técnicas convencionais de detecção viral, como isolamento em cultivo celular, imunofluorescência direta e ELISA. O emprego de técnicas de maior sensibilidade para detecção e quantificação viral, como o PCR quantitativo, permitiu a identificação de animais positivos para a presença de DNA proviral e RNA na ausência de antigenemia/viremia e, com isso, um refinamento da análise das diferentes evoluções da infecção. Assim, reclassificou-se a patogenia do FeLV em 4 categorias: infecção abortiva, regressiva, latente e progressiva. Foi possível também detectar DNA proviral e RNA em animais considerados imunes ao FeLV após vacinação. Diante disso, os objetivos desta revisão de literatura foram demonstrar as implicações da utilização de técnicas sensíveis de detecção viral na interpretação e classificação da infecção do FeLV e rever as técnicas de detecção do vírus para fins de diagnóstico. Além disso, apresentar os resultados referentes à eficácia da vacinação contra o FeLV com a utilização dessas técnicas.Feline leukemia virus (FeLV belongs to the Retroviridae family, genus Gammaretrovirus. Unlike other retroviruses, a portion of FeLV exposed animals eliminates antigenemia/viremia, according to convectional techniques of virus detection, such as isolation in cell culture, direct fluorescent antibody test and ELISA. The use of more sensitive techniques to detect and quantify viruses enabled the detection of proviral DNA and RNA in cats with undetectable antigenemia/viremia, and thus the refinement of the different infection outcomes analysis. As a result, FeLV pathogenesis was reclassified in 4 categories: abortive, regressive, latent and progressive infections. It

  15. El acoso escolar. De las causas, origen y manifestaciones a la pregunta por el sentido que le otorgan los actores (Bullying. from its Causes, Origins and Manifestation to the Meaning Given to it by the Actors Involved (L'harcèlement scolaire. Les causes, l′origine et les manifestations du sens de la question selon les propres acteurs(O acosso escolar. Das causas, origem e manifestações, à pergunta pelo sentido que lhe outorgam os atores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Evelio Castillo-Pulido

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo desarrolla cuatro aspectos relacionados con el acoso escolar. En primer lugar, se presentan algunas conceptualizaciones sobre la violen- cia que evidencian la dificultad para definirla. En un segundo momento, se habla de los desarrollos y construcciones en torno al acoso escolar, se da a conocer su definición, la manera como este surge y se hace manifiesto, y los actores que en él intervienen, lo que muestra cómo se ha venido estudiando el fenómeno en el ámbito internacional y de manera particu- lar en Colombia. Finalmente, se argumenta la importancia que tienen los estudios sobre el acoso escolar, a partir de la pregunta por el sentido que los actores le otorgan.Abstractthis paper describes four aspects of bullying. First, some concepts on violence are introduced, demonstrating the difficulties found when trying to define the phe- nomenon. Second, the discourse on “bullying” is described, from its definition, its appearance and manifestations, to the actors and the ways it has been studied as a phenomenon internationally and in Colombia. Finally, it is argued that studies on bullying are especially important as they address the meaning the different actors give to the phenomenon.RésuméCet article développe quatre aspects liés à l′harcèlement scolaire. En premier lieu on présente quelques conceptualisations sur la violence montrant la difficulté pour trouver une définition. Dans un deuxième moment on expose les développements et les constructions en ce qui concerne l′harcèlement scolaire donc on fait connaître sa définition, la façon dont elle se produit et ses manifestations ainsi que les acteurs qui y interviennent. De cette façon on expose comment ce phénomène a été étudié au niveau international et de manière particulière en Colombie. Enfin, on argumente l′importance des études par rapport à l′harcèlement scolaire selon le sens que les acteurs l′attribuent.ResumoEste artigo

  16. „Den Bösen sind sie los“ Überlegungen zu Mephistopheles und zum Bösen in Goethes Faust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Eggensperger

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Por que o Mefistófeles no Fausto de Goethe, ao contrário de todas as expectativas, não apresenta uma natureza realmente má? Partindo desta pergunta, neste artigo discute-se a figura do diabo no imaginário europeu no sec. XVI e no Doctor Faustus de Christopher Marlowe. Em seguida são analisados alguns traços principais do diabo goethiano secularizado. O Mefistófeles de Goethe não é o demônio da mitologia cristã e tão pouco representa o grande vilão da peça. Seu autor deixa claro que a responsibilidade pelo mal produzido nas duas partes do Fausto é dos seus personagens humanos.

  17. Pierre va / s'en va / vient / s'en vient / est chantant "Peter går / sidder / ligger og synger". Fra grammatikalisering til degrammatikalisering i fransk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøsler, Lene

    2005-01-01

    progressive verbalfraser, fransk sproghistorie, tempussystemets udvikling i fransk, grammatikalisering, unidirektionalitet......progressive verbalfraser, fransk sproghistorie, tempussystemets udvikling i fransk, grammatikalisering, unidirektionalitet...

  18. Alakouluikäisen lapsen ylipaino ja kouluterveydenhoitajan valmiudet sen hoidossa

    OpenAIRE

    Ciccarelli, Reetta

    2011-01-01

    Alakouluikäisten lasten ylipaino on kasvava ongelma Suomessa. Tällä hetkellä yli 10 % alakouluikäisistä lapsista Suomessa on ylipainoisia. Lapsen ylipaino vaarantaa lapsen fyysistä, psyykkistä ja sosiaalista terveyttä jo lapsuudessa. Kouluterveydenhoitajat ovat avainasemassa lasten ylipainon ehkäisyssä ja hoidossa. Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena ovat alakouluikäisten lasten ylipaino ja kouluterveydenhoitajien näkemykset heidän valmiuksistaan hoitaa kyseistä ongelmaa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena ...

  19. Sen, tělo a duch. Topologie zkušenosti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Koubová, Alice

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 1 (2010), s. 35-47 ISSN 0015-1831 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA900090603 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Merleau-Ponty * experience Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  20. Tělo, sen, prostor - myšlení Maurice Merleau-Pontyho

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Urban, Petr

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 1 (2010), s. 5-7 ISSN 0015-1831 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP401/10/1164 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Merleau-Ponty * phenomenology Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  1. Donner un sens au nom du festival de la ville1 Les enjeux de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    On y accède en usant de son droit de citoyen, en pratiquant sa liberté et en. 1 Jonas,S., et Schweitzer,P., 1986, ..... le droit d'exercer toute activité politique, le cheikh a été démis de ses fonctions et remplacé par un ... L'enjeu des luttes économiques étaient le foncier, l'immobilier et le commercial. En effet propriétaires des ...

  2. Kenen Aleksi, sen Helsinki : Kluuvin kävelykatutaistelut 1968 - 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Viitamies, Janne

    2016-01-01

    A conclusion of my research is that Helsinki City s pedestrian zone increases in size when traffic speeds are slowed down and more room for pedestrian traffic is made, not when car traffic is attempted to get rid of completely. Pedestrian traffic was noted as the most important means of travel by the city of Helsinki by the beginning of 1970s. In spite of that, Kluuvi s pedestrian zone was formed as late as the 1990s after prolonged controversy. Today Aleksanterinkatu, Keskuskatu, Mikonk...

  3. Polybe, le regard politique, la structure des Histoires et la construction du sens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Rose Guelfucci

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Quand après la défaite de Persée à Pydna, Polybe, ancien hipparque de la Confédération achaienne, est déporté à Rome en 167 av. J.-C., il fait partie des mille notables de la Confédération envoyés en Italie comme otages, alors que se renforce le pouvoir du parti entièrement dévoué à Rome (Histoires XXX, 13 et XXX, 32, 12, et il attend, dix-sept années durant, une réponse positive du sénat aux ambassades achaiennes qui demandent avec constance le retour des otages. Il est aussi expert en poli...

  4. Yläkouluikäisten käsityksiä homoseksuaalisuudesta ja sen opetuksesta

    OpenAIRE

    Suhonen, Niina

    2012-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää Porin suomalaisen yhteislyseon koulun kahdeksasluokkalaisten nuorten ajatuksia ja käsityksiä homoseksuaalisuudesta. Kyselyyn vastanneet nuoret olivat iältään 14–15 –vuotiaita ja kahdeksannella vuosikurssilla heitä opiskelee kaikkiaan 78 nuorta. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää kyselyn avulla, pitääkö koulujen seksuaalikasvatusta jollain tavalla kehittää sisällöltään. Kyselyyn vastasi 51 oppilasta vastausprosentin ollessa 65%. Tutki...

  5. Articulações entre o sensível e a linguagem em Lavoura arcaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Cury Tardivo

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Literatura e cinema são dois modos de produção estética diferentes que encontram articulações claras em diversas produções culturais contemporâneas. Exploraremos a obra Lavoura arcaica, de Raduan Nassar, em sua intersecção com o filme de mesmo nome, dirigido por Luiz Fernando Carvalho. Para tanto nos aproximamos das concepções filosóficas de Merleau-Ponty e Bakhtin, cujas ideias sustentam uma dimensão de tensão inerente à relação comunicativa/perceptiva. A análise das obras selecionadas procura explicitar o percurso de mudança na trajetória das relações humanas ao se tentar integrar a diversidade de possibilidades expressivas em um campo de sentido.

  6. Low cost structural health monitoring of bridges using wireless SenSpot sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    Deterioration of highway bridges is a common, yet complex problem. To protect highway bridges, this : project combines a number of recent and emerging technologies microstructured sensing, ultra-lowpower : wireless communication, and advanced mic...

  7. Le sens-sans-signe: Pour une éthique de la création

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît Maire

    2018-03-01

    (Abstract   The following article is the result of a collaboration between a painter and a woman philosopher. They worked previously on an experimental documentary film about objects and art objects, which was realized at Palais de Tokyo. The painter had illustrated in black and white fictions of philosophy, written during a festival on lost films organized by UNdocumenta in South Korea, and then he made photographs of oil paintings of the English translation. This article about painting and philosophical ethics is their first common text. It aims to show that there is no interdiscipline or passage known between the philosophical work and the painting. The philosopher can not imitate the recognition of the painter nor the painter to repair the philosophical non-encounter. The question then is: What can ethics in this non-symmetrical space? Rather than being a product of philosophy, it is what organizes this space between recognition and non-encounter. It is an ethics for philosophy, rather than the other way around. Ethics force to greet the other philosophers without the grudge of the loss necessary to the invention and allows the painter to know the distances that make him feel the recognition. This ethical space is unknown and can not be covered by the artist's philosophy of access or pre-nomination by indexes. Ethics is this unknown, i.e. it is a sense-without-sign, it is without rules-said but process of indexation and acceptance of the loss.

  8. Sen char nsory, acteris pequ physi stics o i (Cary coche of Gree ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    Alimentos e. Nutrição. 19(3):277-281. Oliveira MO,DaminMR (2002). Efeitos do teor de sólidos e da concentração de sacarose na acidificação e na viabilidade de bactérias do iogurte e das probióticas em leite fermentado. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos 17:3015-. 3018. Özer BH, Robinson ...

  9. Le sens des mots : le vocabulaire du genre en Espagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article dresse le bilan des études de genre menées en Espagne et revient sur les concepts-clé ayant orienté la recherche dans ce domaine. Il montre la relation entre l´évolution du féminisme théorique et l´apparition progressive d´un vocabulaire qui défini les femmes comme des sujets politiques. Si les relations de pouvoir sont l´épicentre des catégories structurant l´analyse historique, la violence, les demandes sociales et le matérialisme traversent la société civile et s’inscrivent dans l´agenda des États. L´avenir, néanmoins, s’accompagne de nouveaux défis et dialogues interculturels qui, sans aucun doute, transformeront le discours des femmes et le langage des genres au XXIe siècle.In these lines there is an account of gender studies in Spain and the key concepts on which this research has pivoted. The aim of this article is to show the relationship between the evolution of feminist theory and the gradual emergence of a vocabulary that explain women as political subjects. If power relationships are the epicenter of the categories of historical analysis, violence, social demands and maternalism are on the street and the agendas of state. But the future brings new challenges and intercultural dialogue, no doubt, will expand or transform the discourse of women and gender language in the XXI century.En estas líneas se hace balance de los estudios de género en España, así como los conceptos clave sobre los que la ha pivotado la investigación. El objetivo del artículo es mostrar la relación entre la evolución del feminismo teórico y la progresiva aparición de un vocabulario que explica a las mujeres como sujetos políticos. Si las relaciones de poder son el epicentro de las categorías de análisis histórico, la violencia, las demandas sociales y el maternalismo están en la calle y las agendas de Estado. Pero el futuro trae consigo nuevos retos y diálogos interculturales que, sin duda, habrán de ampliar o transformar el discurso de las mujeres y el lenguaje de género en el siglo XXI.

  10. Pendekatan Non Formal Dan Formal Dalam Menganalisis Artefak Sebagai Media Pendidikan Sen1 Rupa

    OpenAIRE

    Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi; Mardiyatmo, Mardiyatmo

    1999-01-01

    An artifact is an object made by man and assumedto possess symbolic and esthetic values. An artifactcomes into existence through a concept of creationand based on an esthetic aspect.Artifacts can be used as educational media forcertain teaching materials. They can be in the form ofhardware (e.g., temples) and software (e.g., paintings).Non formal and formal approaches can be usedto analyze artifacts so that a comprehensive understandingis obtained. Such a combined use of approaches isalso mul...

  11. Production of bio-oil with flash pyrolysis; Biooeljyn tuotanto flash-pyrolyysillae ja sen poltto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nyroenen, T. [Vapo Oy, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    1997-12-01

    The target of the R and D work is to study the production of bio-oils using Flash-pyrolysis technology and utilisation of the bio-oil in oil-fuelled boilers. The PDU-unit was installed at VTT Energy in Otaniemi in April 1996. The first test were carried out in June. In the whole project Vapo Oy is responsible for: acquiring the 20 kg/h PDU-device for development; follow up of the engine tests; the investment of 5 MW demonstration plant; to carry on the boiler and engine tests with Finnish bio-oils. (orig.)

  12. Ethnométhodologie : Le corps et les sens en contexte et en action

    OpenAIRE

    Dupret , Baudouin; Ferrié , Jean-Noël

    2006-01-01

    L'ethnométhodologie se distingue par son souci de retour aux pratiques dans leur insertion contextuelle. Le corps, la perception et le mouvement occupent une place fondamentale dans ses analyses. Il ne s'agit toutefois pas d'un corps pris isolément ou utilisé comme ressource explicative de dynamiques plus vastes, mais d'un corps saisi par et pour lui-même dans le contexte toujours singulier de ses performances pratiques.

  13. ESTRATEGIAS PARA LA MODELACION Y CONTROL DE LA CONTAMINACION AMBIENTAL PRODUCIDA POR LA GENERACION DEL SEN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam López Pérez

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza el comportamiento de la generación, el uso de combustibles y la magnitud anual de los contaminantes debido a la generación térmica en Cuba.Son valoradas diferentes estrategias de Despacho Económico, con criterios ambientales de reducción y control de lasemisiones de Dióxido de azufre al medio ambiente; dado el empleo actual e incremento esperado del consumo decombustibles con altos contenidos de azufre. Entre las estrategias consideradas , resulta atractiva aquella que conlleva a la menor desviación del costo mínimo total de generación; posibilitando asimismo un cierto beneficio ambiental; lo cual es válido para economías tercermundistas como la nuestra. Se analizan y recomiendan medidas preliminares que permitan el cumplimiento de la Norma Cubana de Calidad del Aire. La mayor contribución de este trabajo radica en la proposición de tales estrategias nacionales. This paper analyzes the generation behavior, fuel uses and pollution year cap due to thermal generation in Cuba.It considers several Economic Dispatch Strategies taking into account some grades the SO2 emissions reduction andcontrol due to expected increases of the amount of sulfur present in the fuel .It attractive some one that involves theminimum generation cost least deviation considering besides certain clean or benefices environmental .The improvement present in this paper results adequate for third world economies such as our. It analyzes and recommended preliminaries actions in order to will be possible the compliment of the Air Clean Cuban Standard.

  14. Notes on Agricultural Terminology in Aristotle (Sens. 441a10-17)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, David Kristian

    2006-01-01

    This article examines Aristotle's terminology in a much debated passage of the De Sensu et Sensibilibus. Based on this examination, the text itself and the conjectures that have so far been proposed are discussed.......This article examines Aristotle's terminology in a much debated passage of the De Sensu et Sensibilibus. Based on this examination, the text itself and the conjectures that have so far been proposed are discussed....

  15. Is poverty a matter of perspective? Significance of Amartya Sen for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poverty continues to present an enormous challenge to the well-being of humanity. Different frameworks on poverty tend to identify different persons as poor, impacting on efforts to fight poverty. The church as a role player in the public domain needs a framework that can assist it in its task of working for salvation and ...

  16. Ľ événement de sens à ľ horizon de ľ infini

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fazakas, Istvan

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 2 (2015), s. 84-94 ISSN 1804-624X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GJ16-00994Y Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : expression * meaning * infinity * Tengelyi * ipseity Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology

  17. Notes on Agricultural Terminology in Aristotle (Sens. 441a10-17)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, David Kristian

    2006-01-01

    This article examines Aristotle's terminology in a much debated passage of the De Sensu et Sensibilibus. Based on this examination, the text itself and the conjectures that have so far been proposed are discussed....

  18. Page 1 378 J Nag and SP Sen Gupta there are no internal dangling ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sense that they contain no internal holes large enough to accommodate another sphere but are random in that there are only weak correlations between positions of spheres separated by five or more sphere diameters and that they apparently contain no recognizable regions of crystalline like order (Cargill 1975).

  19. : Posturas de apreensão sensível da cidade contemporânea

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas , Rachel

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Como apreender a cidade contemporânea? Quais metodologias utilizar? Em qual filiação teórica e segundo quais noções conceituais ancorar esta apreensão? O tema é ambicioso. Ele também é bastante vasto, muito complexo e oferece de fato múltiplas pistas de reflexão. Eu escolherei três que não são nem dogmas, nem uma metodologia a se seguir às cegas, mas sobretudo caminhos de pensamento a compartilhar. O primeiro diz respeito a necessidade hoje de construir e de desenvolve...

  20. Werkzeugverschleißdetektion beim Fräsen mittels Infrarotmesstechnik

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittner, Walter

    Heute ist es praxisüblich, bei der spanenden Bearbeitung mittels definierter Schneide die Werkzeuge aus Gründen der Qualitätssicherung vorzeitig, im Allgemeinen nach Ermessen des Maschinenbedieners, zu wechseln. Dadurch entstehen zwangsläufig höhere Werkzeugkosten als notwendig, die dann an den Verbraucher weitergegeben werden. Wird jedoch ein rechtzeitiger Werkzeugwechsel verpasst, so entstehen insbesondere bei Hochleistungsbearbeitungsprozessen hohe Ausschussraten. Daher sollte die Entscheidung zum Werkzeugwechsel nicht mehr dem Maschinenbediener allein überlassen werden [1, 2].

  1. Esperanto (s)en perspektivo? Croatian Esperantists on the International Language Esperanto

    OpenAIRE

    Puškar, Krunoslav

    2015-01-01

    To our knowledge, there is to date no significant number of sociological studies dealing with the Esperanto movement, and there are even fewer sociolinguistic explorations of the whole Esperanto phenomenon. Concentrating on the Croatian Esperanto movement, we conducted an extensive study of Croatian Esperantists? attitudes towards the structure of Esperanto, and their perception of the Esperanto movement and the overall Esperanto phenomenon - aspects still conspicuously missing in recent Espe...

  2. La inversión social y el índice de Sen en Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    MERY ESPERANZA RUIZ

    2018-01-01

    La pobreza es un problema en la medida en que los bajos ingresos crean problemas para quienes no son pobres y esto puede constituirse en verdadera tragedia. De ello nace la preocupación por parte de los gobiernos de turno por gestionar una inversión social saludable, equitativa y visionaria que disminuya la pobreza y equipare los niveles de vida. El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar la incidencia de la Inversión Social (Educación, Salud, Trabajo, Vivienda y Bienestar Social) en la p...

  3. Pikkupianistin motorinen kehitys ja sen tukeminen : motorisia harjoituksia 4-7 -vuotiaille aloitteleville pianisteille

    OpenAIRE

    Ekholm, Anu

    2009-01-01

    Soittaminen on monimutkainen kognitiivinen tapahtuma, joka edellyttää soittajalta hyvin kehittynyttä sensomotorista järjestelmää sekä monipuolisia motorisia taitoja. Tässä työssä keskitytään lapsen seitsemän ensimmäisen ikävuoden kehitykseen sekä soittamiseen tarvittavien motoristen taitojen kehittämiseen alkeistasolla. Ensimmäisessä osassa käsitellään motoriikan aivoperustaa: aivojen rakennetta ja niiden toimintaa sekä sitä, mitä motorisessa suorituksessa tapahtuu hermostollisella tasoll...

  4. Doing Being Boys with ADHD: Category Memberships and Differences in SEN Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita

    2014-01-01

    This paper builds on sociological assumptions that teachers, schools and schooling may play an important role in the recognition and psychopathologization of particular boys as "difficult, disordered and disturbed". The data draw on ethnographic work combined with video recordings of everyday classroom practices in a special educational…

  5. Innovation au sens large. Une étude pour la mesure de l’innovation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pauwels, Fernando; Cortese, Valter; Martinez, Esteban; Forrier, Anneleen; Van Hootegem, Geert; Van Ruysseveldt, Joris; Manshoven, Joke; Teirlinck, Peter

    2010-01-01

    L’innovation est considérée en général comme l’un des facteurs les plus importants pour la compétitivité des entreprises et pour la stimulation de la croissance économique et de l’emploi. Il va de soi que la mise en oeuvre d’une politique d’innovation efficiente est basée sur l’identification des

  6. Sastry Pramathanath see Arapura Donu 1 Sen SK A direct heuristic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    On the generalized Hankel±Clifford transfor- mation of arbitrary order. 293. Martinez F. Differential equations related to the William±. Bjerknes tumour model. 323. Parhi N. Oscillations of first order difference equations. 147. Pinto J Sousa. Hyperfinite representation of distributions. 363. Sampling and Π-sampling expansions ...

  7. Donner un sens au nom du festival de la ville Les enjeux de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objet de ce papier est d'analyser, à partir de l'observation d'un festival local, les enjeux multiples de la reconstruction des liens d'appartenance pour des populations rurales, qui se trouvent engagées - du fait de leur urbanisation récente- dans un processus de réorganisation et de renégociation de ces liens et des ...

  8. Imagens de Perto: Economia global e formação do sensível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Farina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article approaches the images to achieve a perception of our time. Not just what we can see, but mainly as sensitive is our ability, our desire and undesirable, our imagination and the unimaginable. It is problematized the political links with the market economy, to the extent that they have generated and instructed us to manage our own self-image. Thus, productivity is revealed a strong amalgam of generators and sense of body and reality. Through analysis of advertisements and television programs available on the Internet, advertisements distance courses distributed by e-mail, as well as an art project also published on the network, we come to the evidence that the image today has become the commodity par excellence. She does not just sell a product or herself, sells an experience of a world to 'my own'.

  9. Optimization of magnetoelectric composites based on electroactive polymers for energy harvesting and sens or application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Marco Aurelio Pinto

    Low power portable electronic devices and wireless sensors networks, for application in implantable biomedical sensors and monitoring for agricultural, environmental, building, military and industrial processes are typically powered by batteries, which have a finite supply of energy. The combination of an energy harvesting system with a rechargeable battery is the best way to self-power devices for their entirely lifetime. These harvesters collect energy (in the order of muW to mW) from ambient sources (thermal, mechanical or electromagnetic, among others). Among them, energy harvesting from electromagnetic signals is one of the most challenging and interesting harvesting systems and has been poorly addressed. Magnetoelectric (ME) composite materials are an innovative tool that can convert such electromagnetic singnals into an electrical voltage and can be also be used as novel sensors and actuators. The main objective of this work is to optimize ME laminated composites for sensor, actuators and energy harvesting devices. It is also an objective to find new applications for this ME effect. From the different composite structures, laminated ME composites, comprising bonded piezoelectric and magnetostrictive layers, are the ones with the highest ME response, thus being the most studied materials for their implementation into technological applications. With high ME coupling, easy fabrication, large scale production ability, low-temperature processing into a variety of forms and, in some cases, biocompatibility, polymer based ME materials emerged as an original approach. In this work Vitrovac and Metglas were used as magnetostrictive materials due to their high magnetostriction at low fields, and .poly(vinylidene fluoride) was used as the polymeric piezoelectric material, due to his high piezoelectric constant compared to other polymers. Thus, the effect of the bonding layer type and piezoelectric layer thickness is reported. Vitrovac/poly(vinylidene fluoride) magnetoelectric laminate were produced and experimental results show that the ME response increases with increasing piezoelectric thickness, the highest ME response of 53 V˙cm-1˙Oe-1 being obtained for an 110 mum thick piezoelectric bonded with M- Bond epoxy. The behavior of the ME laminates with increasing temperatures up to 90 °C shows a decrease larger than 80% in the ME response. A finite element method (FEM) was used to evaluate the experimental results. The obtained results show the critical role of the bonding layer and piezoelectric layer thickness in the ME performance of laminate composites From the ME measurements it was concluded that tri-layered composites structures (Vitrovac/poly(vinylidene fluoride)/Vitrovac ), show a high ME response (75 V cm-1 Oe-1) and that the ME voltage coefficient decreases with increasing longitudinal size aspect ratio and increases with the lowest transversal aspect ratio between piezoelectric and magnetostrictive layers. Relevant parameters such as sensibility, accuracy, linearity, hysteresis and resolution have been vaguely or never discussed in polymer-based ME composites. This work reports on those parameters on a Metglas/poly(vinylidene fluoride)/Metglas magnetoelectric laminate, the polymer-based composite with the highest ME response. The sensibility and resolution determined for the DC (30 mV.Oe-1 and 8 muOe) and AC magnetic field sensor (992 mV.Oe-1 and 0.3 muOe) are favorably comparable with the most recent and sensitive polymer-based ME sensors. The design and performance of five interface circuits, a full-wave bridge rectifier, two Cockcroft-Walton voltage multipliers (with 1 and 2 stages) and two Dickson voltage multipliers (with 2 and 3 stages), for the energy harvesting from a Metglas/PVDF/Metglas ME composite were discussed. Maximum power and power density values of 12 muW and 0.9 mW.cm-3 were obtained with the two stages Dickson voltage multiplier. Finally, it is successfully demonstrated that nanoparticle's magnetostriction can be accurately determined based on the magnetoelectric effect measured on polymer composite materials. This represents a novel, simple and versatile method for the determination of particle's magnetostriction at the nano scale and in their dispersed state. Thus, the developed polymer based magnetoelectric laminate composites showed suitable characteristics for applications in sensors and energy harvesting devices.

  10. Der Wandel der Sozialform des Religiösen in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Chi, Wei-hsian

    2005-01-01

    Die Selbstbeschreibung einer Gesellschaft anhand ihrer je eigenen "Religion" ist ein globales Phänomen geworden. Der ursprünglich aus dem westlichen Kulturraum stammende Begriff der "Religion" gewinnt in verschiedener gesellschaftlicher Selbstbeschreibung jeweils einen kulturspezifischen Symbolwert. Die Entstehung des Symbolwerts der "Religion" in einer Gesellschaft ist nichts anderes als die Konstruktion eines entsprechenden, symbolisch vermittelten Sinnzusammenhanges, die als ein sozio-semi...

  11. Making SENS: exploring the antecedents and impact of store environmental stewardship climate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hensen, N.J.B.; Keeling, D.I.; de Ruyter, J.C.; Wetzels, M.G.M.; de Jong, A.

    Retailers increasingly recognize that environmental responsibility is a strategic imperative. However, little research has investigated or identified the factors that facilitate the successful implementation of environmentally responsible strategies across a network of customer-facing sales units

  12. Esineiden internet vähittäiskaupan alalla ja sen vaikutukset asiakaskokemukseen

    OpenAIRE

    Yrjänä, Laura

    2017-01-01

    Esineiden internet (IoT) on verkkoon kytkettyjen laitteiden ja esineiden kokonaisuus, jonka mahdollisuudet on havaittu monilla eri aloilla. Vähittäiskaupan alan kovan kilpailun vuoksi esineiden internet -innovaatiot yleistyvät hiljalleen ja muokkaavat ostotapahtumaa radikaalisti. Näiden teknologioiden osalta tutkimuksessa on keskitytty erityisesti niiden teknisiin ominaisuuksiin, kun taas liiketoiminnan, erityisesti asiakaskokemuksen näkökulmasta ne ovat jätetty vähemmälle huomiolle. Tämä kir...

  13. Development of a chain limber and its measuring automatics; Karsimakoneen ja sen mittausautomatiikan kehittaeminen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poeytaesaari, E. [Eskon Paja, Kinnula (Finland)

    1997-12-01

    A new control system and measuring automatics are developed for a patented chain limber mountable to a farm tractor. The chain limber produces pulp wood and also limbed fuel logs. The project will be carried out in three stages: definition of the control system, development of the control system, and operational testing of the control system and the chain limber. The final stage of the project will be carried out in co-operation with the Work Efficiency Association. (orig.)

  14. Concentrations Of Radon In Kindergartens And Schools In Like - Sen And Karlovac Counties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radolic, V.; Stanic, D.; Miklavcic, I.; Poje, M.; Muzevic, M.; Krpan, I.; Vukovic, B.

    2015-01-01

    Measurements of radon concentrations in schools and kindergartens were performed by means of passive, strippable, nuclear track etched detectors LR - 115 type II (Kodak - Pathe, France). The detectors are paired in the way that one detector (open detector), placed on the circumferential side of the plastic detector vessel, registers total number of alpha particles from radon and its short-lived progenies. At the same time, the other detector (diffusion detector) is placed inside the vessel and it registers only alpha particles emitted by radon. The average radon concentrations in kindergartens and schools of Lika-Senj County are 318 and 317 Bq m -3 while for Karlovac County they are 228 and 304 Bq m -3 respectively. Moreover, there are three schools in Karlovac County with the average radon concentration higher than 1000 Bq m -3 , which represents the action level for intervention measures in Croatia. Even more, there are 2.5 percent of rooms in kindergartens and 4 percent of rooms in schools in Lika - Senj County with measured radon concentrations higher than 1000 Bq m -3 . In Karlovac County there are 2.4 percent of such rooms in kindergartens and 7 percent in schools. Maps of spatial distribution of indoor radon concentrations for homes as well as for kindergartens and schools were created by using the Inverse Distance Weighting interpolation method. This is one of the useful methods for identifying radon prone areas. The authors propose a repetition of measurements in those kindergartens, schools and homes with higher radon concentrations in coordination with the local government. (author).

  15. 'Development as Freedom': Moving Economics Beyond Commodities - The Cautious Boldness of Amartya Sen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: Amartya Sen’s 1998 Nobel Prize and his recent synthesis of his views in Development as Freedom provide an opportunity to assess his intellectual contribution and style. The paper identifies entitlements analysis and capabilities analysis as the areas which make him stand out

  16. Health-related quality of life research and the capability approach of Amartya Sen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkerk, M.A.; Busschbach, J.J.V.; Karssing, E.D.

    2001-01-01

    Standardised health-related quality of life questionnaires play an increasing role as measures of outcome in the evaluation of health care interventions. However, problems can arise when the selected functions or dimensions of such standardised measures are not in line with the intervention that is

  17. Faktorer af betydning for tidlig og sen indlaeggelse af patienter med apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Berit H; Germer, Ulla; Kammersgaard, Lars Peter

    2003-01-01

    admitted to a Copenhagen hospital from 1 September 1999 to 30 April 2000. The catchment area is well defined with 283,000 inhabitants. All had a neurological examination and a structured interview within three days with registration of age, gender, premorbid Rankin, Scandinavian stroke scale score, time...

  18. Sähköinen ostolasku ja sen tuomat muutokset laskukäsittelyyn

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Marjatta

    2007-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee sähköistä ostolaskua sekä sitä, miten se on muuttanut laskuntarkastuksen työtapoja. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on selvittää sähköisen ostolaskun tuomia hyötyjä ja käyttökokemuksen vaikutusta käyttäjien mielipiteisiin, case-yrityksinä Novart Oy ja Indoor Group Oy. Teoriaosuudessa käsitellään työtapojen muutoksia, sähköisiin ostolaskuihin liittyviä säädöksiä ja käydään läpi verkkolaskujen standardit. Tutkimusmenetelmä on kvalitatiivinen. Opinnäytetyössä verr...

  19. Kajaanin kaupungin kiinteistönpidon tietohallinto ja sen kehittämistarpeita

    OpenAIRE

    Haverinen, Markku

    2000-01-01

    Kajaanin kaupungin omistamien toimitilojen kiinteistönpidossa tapahtui vuoden 1997 alussa oleellinen muutos sekä käyttäjien että kiinteistönpidosta vastaavan organisaation kohdalla. Tällöin kiinteistönpito keskitettiin tilapalveluyksikkönä toimivalle toimitilat-vastuualueelle. Samalla tilojen vuokrauksessa otettiin käyttöön kattava sisäinen vuokra. Insinöörityön aihe tulee osittain tästä toimintaympäristön muutoksesta. Työn alkuosassa tarkastellaan osin yleisemmin kuntatasolla ...

  20. Montessoripedagogiikka ja sen toimivuus päiväkotien ohjelmassa

    OpenAIRE

    Korpisalo, Birgitta

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni tarkoituksena oli tuoda Montessori-pedagogiikka ihmisten tietoisuuteen. Montessori päiväkoteja ei Suomessa paljon ole, joten tietoa niistä tarvitaan koska montessorimenetelmä poikkeaa kunnallisen päiväkodin kasvatusmenetelmästä. Montessori-pedagogiikka on lapsikeskeistä. Kasvatuksen lähtökohtana ovat lapsen kehitysvaiheet ja mielenkiinnon kohteet. Aikuinen on taustalla ja auttaa tarvittaessa. Lapsella on mahdollisuus työskennellä omaan tahtiinsa. (Tikkurilan Montessori-päiväko...

  1. Tidlig eller sen afnavling af det mature, det praemature og det meget praemature barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moller, N.K.; Weber, T.

    2008-01-01

    Randomized studies from 2006 and two meta-analyses published in 2007 agree that clamping of the umbilical cord can be delayed. For the preterm and very preterm infant benefits include less need for blood transfusion and less morbidity, especially for the very preterm male infant. For the term...

  2. Ensihoitajien fyysinen toimintakyky. : Sen mittaaminen, arviointi ja edistäminen.

    OpenAIRE

    Aro, Siv

    2017-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö kartoittaa työn toimeksiantajan, Keski-Uudenmaan pelastuslaitoksen ensihoitajien fyysistä toimintakykyä. Työssä selvitetään syitä ensihoitajien suurille sairauspoissaoloille liittyen tuki- ja liikuntaelinsairauksiin ja arvioidaan heidän tämän hetkistä fyysistä toimintakykyä. Opinnäytetyössä laadittiin ensihoitajille oma arviointimenetelmä joka palvelisi koko maata, yhtenäistäisi ja selkeyttäisi ensihoitajien fyysisen kunnon kartoittamisen ja arvioimisen sekä antaisi luotetta...

  3. Wave response analyses of floating crane structure; Crane sen no jobu kozobutsu no haro oto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nobukawa, H.; Takaki, M.; Kitamura, M.; Ahou, G. [Hiroshima University, Hiroshima (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Higashimura, M. [Fukada Salvage and Marine Works Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    Identifying a dynamic load acting on a lifted load in a floating crane moving in waves is important for preparing an operation manual for the floating crane. Analyses were made on motions in waves of a floating crane with a lifting load of 3,600 tons, with considerations given to deformation of the crane structure. Discussions were given on a dynamic load acting on a lifted load. If a case that considers elastic deformation in the crane structure is compared with a case that does not consider same in calculating hull motions of the floating crane, the difference between them is small if wave length {lambda} to the ship length L is about 0.5. However, if {lambda}/L is 1.0 and 1.5, the difference grows very large. Therefore, the effect of deformation in the crane structure on hull motions of the floating crane cannot be ignored in these cases. A dynamic load acting on a lifted load that considers deformation in the crane structure is about 5% of lifted weight in a headsea condition in which the wave height is 2 m and {lambda}/L is 1.5. As opposed, an estimated value of a dynamic load when the crane structure is regarded as a rigid body is 13%, which is 2.6 times as great as the case that considers deformation of the crane structure. 3 refs., 17 figs., 1 tab.

  4. ¿Alcoholismo en Galicia: un camiño sen esperanza?

    OpenAIRE

    Folgar de la Calle, José María; Martín Sánchez, Rita

    2012-01-01

    O alcoholismo en Galicia é un mal endémico, polo que os enfermos non son considerados marxi­ nados. Os dous filmes que comentamos tentan chamar a atención e concienciar á sociedade sobre o carácter atípico deste problema.

  5. Das Problem des Bösen in der Philosophie Józef Tischners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadeusz GADACZ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents several understandings of evil distinguished by Józef Tischner, like the axiological evil, agathological evil and structural evil. While exposing the phenomenological approach of Tischner, Gadacz discusses evil as ‘a phantom’ that accompanies the very source form of experience which, according to Tischner, stands for the episode of meeting another man. In this perspective evil as a ghost proves to be the source experience as well, alike the episode of meeting being the source of happening of the good and freedom. Therefore, the original experience does not inform us whether something exists or it should be such and so, but rather tells us that there is something which ought not to be.

  6. Faktorer af betydning for tidlig og sen indlaeggelse af patienter med apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Berit H; Germer, Ulla; Kammersgaard, Lars Peter

    2003-01-01

    predictors of early admission. DISCUSSION: Patients with stroke or TIA in a Danish metropolitan area arrive at hospital a median of 2.6 hours after the stroke. Admission by ambulance after calling emergency was associated with the shortest onset to admission time. Udgivelsesdato: 2003-Jan-13...

  7. Dėl latvių senųjų tekstų vienaskaitos lokatyvo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albertas Rosinas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ON THE LOCATIVE SINGULAR IN OLD LATVIAN TEXTSSummaryOn the basis of the data from Latvian old texts, the article proves that in the 16th –17th centuries there existed two locative singular forms in the Latvian language: the old inessive in -ā, -ē, -ī, -ū and the illative in -an, -en, -in, -un whose meanings were neutralized. The forms in question belonged to the same declension system. To assume that there were two declension systems, one with the generalized inessive and the other with the generalized illative (as is stated by Pēteris Vanags, and to maintain that the inessive endings in -ā, -ē, -i, -ū evolved phonetically from the illative forms in -an, -en, -in, -un, one needs more substantial evidence, for there exist the demonstrative pronominal illative and inessive forms tan and tanī. The tan-type forms mentioned above could not have survived in the first system, whereas in the second system, according to Vanags’ Law, they should have become *tā-type forms. Following this reasoning, tanī -type forms could not have occurred in either system.As can be seen from the Latvian textual data of an earlier period, the locatives of illative origin, which also performed the function of the inessive in Latvian texts, were ousted from the language system. Their disappearance was caused by two major principles of morphological evolution: (1 m͐ > m͑; (2 in the course of inner morphological changes, in the competition between less-marked and more-marked forms, the less-marked form is preserved. The inessive was such a less-marked form.

  8. Is poverty a matter of perspective? Significance of Amartya Sen for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-02

    Jun 2, 2016 ... approach are examined, with a view to suggest how such an endeavour could guide contemporary churches in their task of working for salvation and liberation in the face of overwhelming poverty. Poverty? What poverty? Asking and answering the question. There is no consensus on how best to ...

  9. Numerical and Physical Parametric Analysis of a SEN with Flow Conditioners in Slab Continuous Casting Mold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalez-Trejo J.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Some of the most recent technologies that improves the performance in continuous casting process has installed infrastructure outside the mold to modify the natural fluid flow pattern to obtain a quasi-steady condition and promote a uniform solidified shell of steel. The submerged entry nozzle distributes the liquid steel in the mold and can be used to obtain the flow symmetry condition with external geometry improvements. The fluid flow conditioners were located near the outlet ports of the nozzle. The aim of the modifiers is to impose a pseudo symmetric pattern in the upper zone of the mold by inhibiting the fluid exchange between the zones created by conditioners. This work evaluates the effect of the thickness and length of the fluid-flow modifiers on the overall performance of the submerged nozzle. These properties of the fluid-flow modifiers were normalized based on two of the geometric dimensions of the standard equipment. Numerical and physical simulations suggest that the flow modifier should be as thin as possible.

  10. William Ockhamin trinitaarinen teologia sen myöhäiskeskiaikaisessa kontekstissa

    OpenAIRE

    Posti, Mikko

    2012-01-01

    Tässä tutkimuksessa esitellään ja analysoidaan William Ockhamin käsitystä kolminaisuusopista. Tutkimuksen metodina on systemaattinen analyysi. Huomiota kiinnitetään etenkin kolminaisuusoppiin liittyviin metafyysisiin ja loogisiin kysymyksiin, joita myöhäiskeskiajalla pidettiin keskeisinä. Tutkielman päälähteinä on käytetty Ockhamin Sentenssikommentaaria ja Quodlibeta septem -teosta. Ockhamin trinitaarista teologiaa voidaan luontevasti tarkastella osana 1300-luvun latinankielistä filosofi...

  11. Reply to the comments by Tarkan Erdik and Zekai Sen on 'A ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    well. Reply 3. Our intention was to show readers only about the deviation of predicted value from the observed value. Reply 4. Figure showing the fuzzy rule for height is short or weight is heavy. http://blog.peltarion.com/2006/10/25/fuzzy- math-part-1-the-theory/. Keywords. Transfer function; Gaussian membership functions; ...

  12. Reply to the comments by Tarkan Erdik and Zekai Sen on 'A ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 117; Issue 6. Reply to the comments by Tarkan Erdik and Zekai Şen on 'A comparative study of ANN and neuro-fuzzy for the prediction of dynamic constant of rockmass'. T N Singh R Kanchan A K Verma K Saigal. Volume 117 Issue 6 December 2008 pp 975-977 ...

  13. Tidlig eller sen afnavling af det mature, det praemature og det meget praemature barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moller, N.K.; Weber, T.

    2008-01-01

    Randomized studies from 2006 and two meta-analyses published in 2007 agree that clamping of the umbilical cord can be delayed. For the preterm and very preterm infant benefits include less need for blood transfusion and less morbidity, especially for the very preterm male infant. For the term inf...... infant benefits include improved hematologic status measured as hematocrit and iron status and less risk of anaemia during the first months of life. No harmful effects were seen, even though significant polycythaemia could be demonstrated Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/26...

  14. Consentimiento informado en el balón intragástrico avalado por SENPE, SEEDO, SEN y SECO: aspectos médico-legales Informed consent in the intragastric balloon supported by SENPE, SEEDO, SEN and SECO: legal aspects

    OpenAIRE

    V. Abilés; M. A. Martínez Olmos; M. A. Escartí; I. Bretón; E. Cáncer; N. Pelaez; V. Álvarez; J. M. Culebras; R. A. Mazure

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: El Balón Intragástrico (BIG) es una técnica invasiva, no quirúrgica, de carácter temporal, para el tratamiento de la obesidad, cuyos resultados dependen en gran medida de la colaboración del paciente. Objetivo: El objetivo es adaptar el Consentimiento Informado propio de la cirugía bariátrica, a un método que reviste las características especiales descritas. Material y método: Se utiliza el Consentimiento Informado propuesto por la ASAC para cirugía bariátrica, así como 8 senten...

  15. Hipocorísticos Sensíveis ao Acento Primário da Forma de Base Hipocorísticos Sensíveis ao Acento Primário da Forma de Base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lirian Daniela MARTINI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, it is made an analysis of the Brazilian Portuguese hypocoristics, specifically of those gathered in the city of Belo Horizonte-MG, considering the Optimality Theory (McCarthy e Prince, 1993 and the Correspondence Theory (McCarthy e Prince, 1995 perspectives. One understands as hypocoristics the process used in the familiar language to transmit affection (see Borba, 1971:82, including some diminutives (filhinho, benzinho, titia, teteia, dodói, etc.... It is perceived that such concepts are very wide, thus, it is necessary to delimitate them. In a strict sense, the hypocoristic designates a change of first names and last names, but this change keeps the identity with the original form. This article arguments that the hypocoristics have a non-concatenative morphology, once they access prosodic information and are submitted to language phonological demands in order to be reduced to a defined size. According to Gonçalves (2005 and Piñeros (2000, it can be said that the hypocoristic comprehension occurs in a multidimensional space, in which morphological primitives interact with prosodic primitives.Neste trabalho é feita uma análise dos hipocorísticos do português brasileiro, especificamente dos hipocorísticos coletados na cidade de Belo Horizonte-MG, sob a perspectiva da Teoria da Otimalidade (McCarthy e Prince, 1993 e Teoria da Correspondência (McCarthy e Prince, 1995. Entende-se por Hipocorístico o processo usado na linguagem familiar para transmitir carinho (cf. Borba, 1971: 82 ou qualquer palavra criada por afetividade (cf. Câmara Jr., 1968:193, incluindo-se aí certos diminutivos (filhinho, benzinho, titia, tetéia, dodói, etc.... Vê-se logo que tais conceitos são bastante amplos, tornando-se, pois, necessária uma delimitação mais rígida. Em sentido restrito, o Hipocorístico designa uma alteração do prenome ou sobrenome, mas essa alteração mantém a identidade com a forma original. Este artigo argumenta, conforme proposta de Gonçalves (2005, que Hipocorísticos compreendem morfologia não-concatenativa porque acessam informações prosódicas e estão submetidos às exigências fonológicas da língua para serem reduzidos a um tamanho definido. Seguindo Gonçalves (2005 e Piñeros (2000, pode-se dizer que a compreensão dos Hipocorísticos dá-se em um espaço multidimensional, no qual primitivos morfológicos interagem com primitivos prosódicos.

  16. Virtuelle Teams - Geringe Kosten, geringer Nutzen? Zur Leistungsverbesserung von Kleingruppen beim Problemlösen durch elektronische Moderation

    OpenAIRE

    Unger, Dana; Witte, Erich H.

    2007-01-01

    "Die Lösung von Problemen und die Entscheidung von strategischen Maßnahmen werden häufig Expertengruppen übertragen, da man sich Vorteile von ihrer Zusammenarbeit gegenüber einzeln arbeitenden Personen erhofft. Jedoch kennzeichnen Prozessverluste die Zusammenarbeit von natürlich interagierenden Gruppen, so dass viele Moderationstechniken wie die PROzedurale MODeration (PROMOD) entwickelt wurden, die das Ausmaß der Schwierigkeiten reduzieren. In dieser Studie wurde getestet, ob ...

  17. [Object-oriented stand type classification based on the combination of multi-source remote sen-sing data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Xue Gang; Wei, Jing Yu

    2017-11-01

    The recognition of forest type is one of the key problems in forest resource monitoring. The Radarsat-2 data and QuickBird remote sensing image were used for object-based classification to study the object-based forest type classification and recognition based on the combination of multi-source remote sensing data. In the process of object-based classification, three segmentation schemes (segmentation with QuickBird remote sensing image only, segmentation with Radarsat-2 data only, segmentation with combination of QuickBird and Radarsat-2) were adopted. For the three segmentation schemes, ten segmentation scale parameters were adopted (25-250, step 25), and modified Euclidean distance 3 index was further used to evaluate the segmented results to determine the optimal segmentation scheme and segmentation scale. Based on the optimal segmented result, three forest types of Chinese fir, Masson pine and broad-leaved forest were classified and recognized using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier with Radial Basis Foundation (RBF) kernel according to different feature combinations of topography, height, spectrum and common features. The results showed that the combination of Radarsat-2 data and QuickBird remote sensing image had its advantages of object-based forest type classification over using Radarsat-2 data or QuickBird remote sensing image only. The optimal scale parameter for QuickBirdRadarsat-2 segmentation was 100, and at the optimal scale, the accuracy of object-based forest type classification was the highest (OA=86%, Kappa=0.86), when using all features which were extracted from two kinds of data resources. This study could not only provide a reference for forest type recognition using multi-source remote sensing data, but also had a practical significance for forest resource investigation and monitoring.

  18. Saber , sen i trobar : Ramon de Cornet i el Consistori de la Gaia Ciència

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Navàs Farré

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sovint l’estudi de la lírica occitanocatalana del segle XIV ha estat supeditat a la poètica de certamen que gravita a l’entorn del Consistori del Gai Saber de Tolosa de Llenguadoc. A aquest fet, cal sumar-hi el judici pejoratiu que gran part de la crítica ha formulat sobre el Consistori, atribuint-li la voluntat d’imposar una forma artificiosa acompanyada d’un contingut moral o devot que s’avingués amb l’ortodòxia cristiana. Els pocs autors conservats de l’època que no es podien encabir del tot en aquest marc, com ara Ramon de Cornet –paradoxalment l’autor amb més obra conservada de la primera meitat del Tres-cents i amb una difusió més àmplia– són considerats una excepció i fins i tot, en el cas de Cornet, d’estrafolari. Però si estudiem la seva obra en el marc de la tradició literària més immediata, la dels darrers trobadors, veurem com la poètica del XIV és una evolució natural d’aquest llegat, que respon a unes exigències de gust literari que va molt més enllà de les suposades coaccions consistorials. Una mostra d’això és la peça «Al noble cavalier» de Cornet.

  19. GryphSens: A Smartphone-Based Portable Diagnostic Reader for the Rapid Detection of Progesterone in Milk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Hyunwook; Ahmed, Syed Rahin; Neethirajan, Suresh

    2017-05-10

    Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a popular assay technique for the detection and quantification of various biological substances due its high sensitivity and specificity. More often, it requires large and expensive laboratory instruments, which makes it difficult to conduct when the tests must be performed quickly at the point-of-care (POC). To increase portability and ease of use, we propose a portable diagnostic system based on a Raspberry Pi imaging sensor for the rapid detection of progesterone in milk samples. We designed, assembled, and tested a standalone portable diagnostic reader and validated it for progesterone detection against a standard ELISA assay using a commercial plate reader. The portable POC device yielded consistent results, regardless of differences in the cameras and flashlights between various smartphone devices. An Android application was built to provide front-end access to users, control the diagnostic reader, and display and store the progesterone measurement on the smartphone. The diagnostic reader takes images of the samples, reads the pixel values, processes the results, and presents the results on the handheld device. The proposed POC reader can perform to superior levels of performance as a plate reader, while adding the desirable qualities of portability and ease of use.

  20. Cidades sensíveis à água: cidades verdes ou cidades compactas, eis a questão?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liza Maria Souza de Andrade

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta resultado de pesquisa quetem como objetivo analisar a dicotomia existentenas visões sobre cidades sustentáveis para oequilíbrio do ciclo da água urbano. De um ladohá o modelo de “cidades verdes”, que defendea preservação de grandes áreas verdes de baixasdensidades para a infiltração de água; dooutro há o modelo de “cidades compactas”, quepreconiza o “crescimento inteligente” em áreasjá ocupadas com densidade mais alta. O métodode análise utilizado compara os dois modelose parte inicialmente do estudo sobre o ciclohidrológico com foco no ciclo da água urbanoapresentado pela Unesco e no desenho urbanosensível à água fundamentado no programaWSUD Autraliano. Tendo como base os resultadosda análise comparativa foram identificadasas melhores práticas de gestão das águas pluviaistendo como referência documento da EPA,que sugere que o desenvolvimento de maiordensidade poderia proteger melhor a qualidadeda água regional com o consumo menor deterra e propondo práticas de gestão das águaspluviais de acordo com contextos e densidades.Neste sentido, defende-se a importância de setrabalhar a dualidade dos dois modelos: as vantagensdo crescimento compacto no desenhourbano das áreas intraurbanas, com preenchimentodas áreas menos densas, e as práticasdo desenvolvimento urbano de baixo impactonas áreas verdes e nas áreas ambientalmentesensíveis.

  1. Düsseldorf - Estland : die Modernisierungsbewegung in der religiösen Kunst um 1900 / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    Düsseldorfis õppinud maalikunstnikest. Eestiga seotud baltisaksa ja vene kunstnikest, nende religioosse sisuga maaliloomingust 19. saj. ja 20. saj. alguses. Pikemalt Eduard von Gebhardtist, Kristjan Rauast ja Paul Rauast

  2. Comprometimento sensório-motor dos membros inferiores em diabéticos do tipo 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Regina Barrile

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A alta incidência do Diabetes mellitus (DM na população torna essa patologia alvo de muitas pesquisas. Uma das complicações do DM é a neuropatia periférica crônica caracterizada por atrofia e degeneração axonal e/ou alteração da célula de Schwann. A fisioterapia atua na estimulação da regeneração da fibra nervosa, o que reduz o risco de desenvolvimento do pé diabético. OBJETIVO: Identificar o comprometimento da sensibilidade nos membros inferiores (MMII de diabéticos e verificar fatores que contribuíram para o desenvolvimento do pé diabético, como glicemia, hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c, tempo de diagnóstico, pressão arterial e antropometria. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Os diabéticos foram avaliados na Associação dos Diabéticos de Bauru, participaram de entrevista e foram submetidos a antropometria, triagem pressórica e teste neurossensorial no Sistema Pontuação Clínica Toronto (SPCT. RESULTADOS: Os 68 pacientes (61,76% mulheres e 38,23% homens tinham 62,93 ± 9,64 anos, apresentaram pressão sistólica de 132,54 ± 17,95 mmHg e diastólica 80,39 ± 11,35 mmHg, índice de massa corpórea 30,34 ± 5,80 kg/m², glicemia 149,20 ± 60,37mg/dL, HbA1c 7,72 ± 1,4%; tempo de diagnóstico de um a 34 anos. Dentre eles, 80,88% apresentavam sobrepeso; 72,06%, hipertensão arterial; 42,64%, dislipidemia; 14,7%, problemas renais; e 17,64%, vasculares. Pelo SPCT, 97,05% apresentavam neuropatia, 95,59% com simetria. Na avaliação, 57,35% apresentavam alteração sensitiva protetora; 60,29%, sensibilidade térmica; 26,47%, tátil; 17,64%, vibratória; 7,35%, dolorosa; e 1,47%, alteração cinestésica. Nos pés, 72,05% apresentavam pele ressecada; 64,70%, fissuras; 54,41%, calosidade; e 44,11%, micose; 50% referiram dor; 39,7%, dormência; 41,17%, parestesia; 27,94%, ataxia. Reflexos estavam ausentes ou diminuídos em 14,71% dos indivíduos; desses, 38,23% no Aquileu. Observou-se correlação positiva entre o SPCT com a glicemia e a circunferência abdominal e a hemoglobina glicada com a glicemia. CONCLUSÃO: Houve grande incidência de neuropatia simétrica; alteração de sensibilidade com presença de sinais clínicos, sintomas, arreflexia e hiporeflexia; e incidência de obesidade e hipertensão associadas. Faz-se necessário o acompanhamento da fisioterapia na avaliação da sensibilidade para prevenir, reduzir sintomas e melhorar a circulação sanguínea em MMII.

  3. Perhetukikeskus Auerkulma : työntekijöiden näkemyksiä tiedon johtamisesta ja sen jakamisesta

    OpenAIRE

    Alho-Mikkonen, Heli

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli kuvata Perhetukikeskus Auerkulman työntekijöiden näkemyksiä tiedon johtamisesta, jakamisesta ja jakamiseen vaikuttavista tekijöistä. Samalla tarkoituksena oli kuvata myös, miten tiedon jakamiseen tulisi varautua tulevaisuudessa ja miten tiedon jakamista voitaisiin tukea johtamisella. Tavoitteena oli saada tietoa työntekijöiden koulutustarpeista, jotta tulevaisuudessa tiedon johtamista ja jakamista olisi mahdollista kehittää. Tavoitteena oli myös työn rakenteide...

  4. Production of bio-oil with flash pyrolysis and the combustion of it; Biooeljyn tuotanto flashpyrolyysillae ja sen poltto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nyroenen, T. [Vapo Oy, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    1995-12-31

    The target of the research is to study the production of bio-oils using flash-pyrolysis and utilization of the bio-oil in oil-fueled boilers. The PDU-device was ordered in December 1994. The device was tested in Canada in the beginning of March 1996. The device will be mounted in Otaniemi in the research unit of VTT Energy. The device will by equipped, if possible, with a hot-filtering device in order to improve the purity and the quality of the oil. The capacity of the PDU-device is 20 kg/h of dry biomass of about 10 wt-% DS-content, with particle size less than 6 mm. The actual tests will be made in autumn 1996. The investment costs of the PDU are about 2.5 million FIM. The Canadian funding of the project is about 50 %. It has been planned that within the research project of Vapo oy, about 50 - 100 tons of bio-oil will be acquired from Canada for the engine tests carried out by Wartsilae Diesel, and the project will be responsible for planning and operation of the PDU and the demonstration plants. About 50 tons of wood-oil was received from Canada in January 1996 for the engine tests, the results of which will be reported separately by Wartsilae Diesel. The present costs of the tasks are about 1.2 million FIM, but the main part of the costs will be formed in 1996-1997

  5. X-ray microscope and its application to biology. X sen kenbikyo to sono seibutsugaku eno oyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomie, T. (Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan))

    1991-12-01

    This paper describes the status of X-ray microscope which recently finds the increasing possibility of its practical use just in recent years and particularly the biological fields in which the application of the microscope is expected. The use of X-rays is characterized in not only a high resolving power due to its short wave-length but also its usefulness in selectivity of elements, permeability, radiation damage and the speed of phtography compared with electron beam. For example, the electron microscope cannot discriminate between carbon and oxygen which are close in atomic number and requires dewatering for humid biological samples. Consequently the X-ray microscope is indispensable for the direct observation of small regions of a live or moving organism. One concrete example is that the information on the spermatozoon was obtained by an instantaneous photograph of live spermatozoons of urchins observed by the pulsed X-ray resist method. The elucidation of the moving mechanism of muscles or cilia, the observation of element distribution in living tissue such as Ca in bone, etc. may be cited as thefields to which this device is applicable. 15 refs., 4 figs.

  6. En undersøgelse af stordrifts- og samdriftsfordele i det danske sygehusvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels; Rose Olsen, Kim; Lauridsen, Jørgen T.

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY: The Danish hospital sector is facing a major restructuring over the coming decade with hospital mergers and closures as well as construction of new hospitals. There is a clear trend towards fewer and larger hospitals. The evidence for economies of scale and scope underpinning these decis......SUMMARY: The Danish hospital sector is facing a major restructuring over the coming decade with hospital mergers and closures as well as construction of new hospitals. There is a clear trend towards fewer and larger hospitals. The evidence for economies of scale and scope underpinning...... with hospital outputs in the largest hospitals (200+ beds). Furthermore, the assumption of cost-minimization had little influence on the results. Results for the smallest hospitals (less than 200 beds) showed economies of both scale and scope....

  7. Antimicrobial commodities. part 2. Antimicrobial and odor-preventing fibers; Kokin seikatsu yohin ( 2 ). Kokin boshu sen`i

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yabe, N. [Toray Research Center Inc., Shiga (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Demand for antimicrobial and order-preventing fibers is still expanding smoothly after a boom during a period from 1982 to 1985 owing to the great progress in its safety, manufacturing technology and evaluation of antimicrobial property. In this paper, the antimicrobial and odor-preventing fibers are described summarily. Main antimicrobial agents used in the antimicrobial and odor-preventing fibers hitherto are aromatic halogen compounds and organic silicon quaternary ammonium salts. In recent years, the kinds of antimicrobial agents are increased corresponding to the expansion of the demand for antimicrobial and odor-preventing fibers. Specifically, metals or inorganic particles containing metals; and quaternary ammonium salts or organic silicon quaternary ammonium salts are used frequently. Recently, the studies in respect to the utilization of chitin and chitosan are executed actively. Mainly employed processing method of the antimicrobial and odor-prevention fibers is a post processing by a working liquid containing kneaded fiber forming (mixed fiber forming) of antimicrobial inorganic particles such as metal powders or metal supporting zeolites; and an antimicrobial agent. 8 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. Faire la chose « la plus sensée » pour le Canada et pour le monde ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 déc. 2014 ... L'an dernier, Medellín a remporté le concours de la ville la plus innovante au monde lancé par Citi, le Wall Street Journal et l'Urban Land Institute. Plus tôt cette année, 22 000 chefs de file issus des secteurs public et privé et de la société civile se sont réunis à Medellín pour assister au 7e Forum urbain ...

  9. Lipa, B. et al. Tsunami Arrival Detection with High Frequency (HF Radar. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 1448-1461

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald Barrick

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available We neglected to state that the radar data from Tokushima and Anan is owned by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Shikoku Regional Development Bureau, Komatsushima port and airport office, Japan. Lipa et al. [1] describe results on tsunami detection using data measured by two radars located at Tokushima and Anan on the Kii channel. This data is owned by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Shikoku Regional Development Bureau, Komatsushima port and airport office, Japan. Locations of the radars are shown in Figure 4(a,c [1]. Results of the data analysis are given in Section 3.1.2, plotted in Figure 6 and listed in Table 1 [1].

  10. Sen a snový obraz v dílech surrealistických umělců

    OpenAIRE

    LEXOVÁ, Petra

    2013-01-01

    The topic of this dissertation is the phemomenon of the dream, dreamy picture and their projection into the creation of surrealist artworks. The disertation tries to connect the basic knowledge of psychoanalysis and the history of art. The thesis attepmts to solve the questions of how the dream imagination is different from the imaginative art of the previous centuries and how the dream topics are involved in the artworks. One of the most important resources for the art work of surrealism was...

  11. From Hume's Law To Policy Analysis For Human Development - Sen after Dewey, Myrdal, Streeten, Stretton and Haq

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2008-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract: Much of Amartya Sen’s work has been directly policy-related, but his methodology of policy analysis has not been explained in detail. Action-related social science involves value-imbued procedures that guide the numerous unavoidable choices. This theme was explored

  12. [Retrieval of leaf net photosynthetic rate of moso bamboo forests using hyperspectral remote sen-sing based on wavelet transform].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shao-bo; Du, Hua-qiangl; Li, Ping-heng; Zhou, Guo-mo; Xu, Xiao-juni; Gao, Guo-long; Li, Xue-jian

    2016-01-01

    This study focused on retrieval of net photosynthetic rate (Pn) of moso bamboo forest based on analysis of wavelet transform on hyperspectral reflectance data of moso bamboo forest leaf. The result showed that the accuracy of Pn retrieved by the ideal high frequency wavelet vegetation index ( VI) was higher than that retrieved by low frequency wavelet VI and spectral VI. Normalized difference vegetation index of wavelet (NDVIw), simple ratio vegetation index of wavelet (SRw) and difference vegetation index of wavelet (Dw) constructed by the first layer of high frequency coefficient through wavelet decomposition had the highest relationship with Pn, with the R² of 0.7 and RMSE of 0.33; low frequency wavelet VI had no advantage compared with spectral VI. Significant correlation existed between Pn estimated by multivariate linear model constructed by the ideal wavelet VI and the measured Pn, with the R² of 0.77 and RMSE of 0.29, and the accuracy was significantly higher than that of using the spectral VI. Compared with the fact that sensitive spectral bands of the retrieval through spectral VI were limited in the range of visible light, the wavelength of sensitive bands of wavelet VI ranged more widely from visible to infrared bands. The results illustrated that spectrum of wavelet transform could reflect the Pn of moso bamboo more in detail, and the overall accuracy was significantly improved than that using the original spectral data, which provided a new alternative method for retrieval of Pn of moso bamboo forest using hyper spectral remotely sensed data.

  13. Household MIPS. Natural resource consumption of Finnish households and its reduction; KotiMIPS. Kotitalouksien luonnonvarojen kulutus ja sen pienentaeminen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kotakorpi, E.; Laehteenoja, S.; Lettenmeier, M.

    2008-10-15

    In the study the natural resource consumption of 27 Finnish households was calculated using the MIPS method (Material Input per Service unit). The households monitored their consumption over a 6-week period in seven sub-sectors - housing, mobility, tourism, foodstuffs, household goods and appliances, leisure time activities, and packaging and household wastes. In the consumption monitoring only the households' direct consumption was taken into account and not consumption due to, e.g. public services. MIPS figures were calculated for five natural resource categories: abiotic natural resources, biotic natural resources, water, air and erosion. Service performance was expressed as kilograms per person per year. The calculation of natural resource consumption was based, to a large extent, on previously carried out sub-studies under the main FIN-MIPS study on households. The sub-studies focused on foodstuffs, leisure time activities, tourism, household goods and appliances, and construction. All the people participating in the study were interested in environmental matters to a greater extent than the average Finn. Nevertheless, the difference between the household consuming the most natural resources, and the one consuming the least, was approximately 10-fold. Especially in mobility and tourism there were appreciable differences between the households. The most material-intensive sub-sectors of consumption with reference to the households studied are housing, mobility and tourism. The TMR (total material requirement, i.e. abiotic and biotic natural resources and erosion combined) is approximately 10,000 kg/person per year. In the case of foodstuffs the average TMR per person per year is around 4,000 kg, in relation to household goods, for appliances about 2,000 kg, and for packaging and household waste management approximately 200 kg. The precise definition of each sub-sector in the study has an influence on the results. The ranking of the different sub-sectors of consumption is the same in terms of air consumption, which is correlated with CO2 emissions, but housing consumes around twice as much air as tourism and mobility. Home heating accounts for the highest proportion of air consumption by housing. After the consumption monitoring the households participated in focus group interviews in which the opportunities available for reducing natural resource consumption were debated. The conclusion to the report is based on the consumption monitoring results and focus group interviews. In it the authors enquire what subsectors of consumption might offer consumers potential for reducing their natural resource consumption and what the barriers are to modifying consumption practices. It is the opinion of the households that in relation to housing the easiest way to reduce natural resource consumption is to change over to eco-electricity and in the case of foodstuffs to cut down on the amount of meat and cheese consumed. Incentives and guidelines are necessary for increasing consumers' willingness and opportunities to change their habits in their daily mobility and particularly in tourism. In addition to changes in consumer choices and practices, and for the support of such changes, novel technical solutions, e.g. low-energy dwellings, are required for conserving natural resources. The business sector and the authorities have a significant role to play in increasing the demand for solutions of this kind and in offering them to the public. (orig.)

  14. Constraining the cross section of 82Se(n, γ)83Se to validate the β-Oslo method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childers, K.; Liddick, S. N.; Crider, B. P.; Dombos, A. C.; Lewis, R.; Spyrou, A.; Couture, A.; Mosby, S.; Prokop, C. J.; Naqvi, F.; Larsen, A. C.; Guttormsen, M.; Campo, L. C.; Renstrom, T.; Siem, S.; Bleuel, D. L.; Perdikakis, G.; Quinn, S.

    2017-09-01

    Neutron capture cross sections of short-lived nuclei are important for a variety of basic and applied nuclear science problems. However, because of the short half-lives of the nuclei involved and the nonexistence of a neutron target, indirect measurement methods are required. One such method is the β-Oslo method. The nuclear level density and γ strength function of a nucleus are extracted after β-decay and used in a statistical reaction model to constrain the neutron capture cross section. This method has been used previously, but must be validated against a directly measured neutron capture cross section. The neutron capture cross section of 82Se has been measured previously, and 83Se can be accessed by the β-decay of 83As. The β-decay of 83As to 83Se was studied using the SuN detector at the NSCL and the β-Oslo method was utilized to constrain the neutron capture cross section of 82Se, which is compared to the directly measured value.

  15. The high Environmental Quality the good way of the construction?; La haute qualite environnementale le bon sens de la construction?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This paper presents the Gaz De France Group policy facing the sustainable development: an quality environment, a better energy efficiency and economical efficiency. In this framework the Group policy is in agreement with the HQE (High Environmental Quality) representation. To illustrate the presentation, three examples of realizations in the construction sector are presented. (A.L.B.)

  16. Elogio de uma Razão Sensível na Compreensão Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Maria Silva

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abordamos a interpretação social e suas implicações na construção do conhecimento. Nos posicionamos numa linha de investigação que admite como essencial, na análise sociológica, a compreensão das dimensões míticas e imaginárias que permaneceram ofuscadas pela construção do racionalismo ocidental. Compreendemos que a Sociologia, como a própria produção científica em si, precisa ter relações intrínsecas com a paixão, o ilógico e o imaginário tanto quanto as ações que pulsam nas sociedades contemporâneas. Nos apropriamos principalmente das concepções teóricas de Michel Maffesoli no âmbito da sociologia francesa.

  17. Reinventando la India. Sobre La India Contemporánea, de Amartya Sen [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez García, Santiago

    2008-01-01

    Una poderosa intuición atravesaba el discurso con el que Jawaharlal Nehru, en la medianoche del 15 de agosto de 1947, se dirigía a la asamblea y, a través de la radio, a millones de indios esperanzados y jubilosos: “Hace muchos años fijamos una cita con el destino; ahora llega el momento de cumplir nuestra promesa (…). Cuando suene la hora de la medianoche, mientras el mundo duerme, la India despertará a la vida y a la libertad”. La estabilidad del futuro de la India y su democracia solo se a...

  18. Selvitys Pohjois-Savon tapahtumatoimijaverkoston yhteistyöstä ja sen kehittämisestä

    OpenAIRE

    Hyvönen, Mirkka

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli Pohjois-Savon tapahtumatoimijoiden verkostoituminen ja yhteistyö. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää Pohjois-Savon tapahtumatoimijoiden verkoston ja yhteistyön tämän hetkistä tilannetta ja toimivuutta. Tarkoituksena opinnäytetyöllä oli selvittää myös tapahtumatoimijoiden yhteistyön ja verkoston tulevaisuuden näkymiä. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli saada tapahtumatoimijoilta tietoa kuinka verkosto olisi toimivampi tulevaisuudessa ja mitä toimenpiteitä tarvitaan ke...

  19. O sensível e o inteligível: Merleau-Ponty e o problema da racionalidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Damon Santos Moutinho

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga a crítica merleau-pontiana ao idealismo moderno a partir do modelo reflexivo adotado por este último. Procura mostrar a necessidade em que o filósofo se vê de superar a separação entre o domínio da "sensibilidade" e do "entendimento", como condição para redefinir o problema da racionalidade. Procura mostrar ainda que a "reflexão radical" proposta por Merleau-Ponty, em oposição à reflexão idealista, leva-o a retomar as tarefas que outrora cabiam à metafísica clássica.This paper investigates Merleau-Ponty's criticism of modern idealism, which stems from the reflective model adopted by the latter. It aims at showing the need the philosopher has of going beyond the separation between the realm of "sensitivity" and the one of "understanding", as a condition to redefine the problem of rationality. It aims also at showing that the "radical reflection" proposed by Merleau-Ponty, as opposed to idealistic reflection, leads him to resume the tasks that used to be dealt with by classical metaphysics.

  20. Faire la chose « la plus sensée » pour le Canada et pour le monde ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 déc. 2014 ... Je faisais partie de la délégation qui a accompagné dernièrement le gouverneur général du Canada, Son Excellence le très honorable David ... Je n'étais jamais allé en Colombie, un pays riche en ressources et fort d'une tradition d'excellence en recherche qui tente aujourd'hui de se relever d'un conflit ...

  1. NucliSENS EasyQ HPV v1 test - Testing for oncogenic activity of human papillomaviruses.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeantet, D.; Schwarzmann, F.; Tromp, J.; Melchers, W.J.G.; Wurff, A.A. van der; Oosterlaken, T.; Jacobs, M.; Troesch, A.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Analytical sensitivity of DNA-based assays to detect infection with human papillomaviruses is very high, but clinical specificity for cervical cancer strongly depends on the age of the patient and case classification. To solve the dilemma between sensitivity and specificity, a new

  2. Particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) present and future. Ryushisen reiki X sen bunsekiho (PIXE) no genjo to shorai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uda, M. (Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Science and Engineering)

    1992-07-10

    The principle of measurement of PIXE are explained. It has in comparison with SEM and EPM, the following characteristics such as; very short measurement and analysis time, developed detection sensitivity for more than 100 elements, no need of pretreatment, undestructive analysis method in the air, possibility of trace element analysis by using micro specimen and information input of chemical bonding condition. Bio-medical applications have been, the microanalysis of multi elements in light element matrix forming living body and the diagnosis of kidney cancer and other diseases. Environmental applications have been, detection of the composition of sea water and the detection of the pollutants of the rivers by elements concentration distribution. It is also applied for managing the amount of impurities in electronic materials and monitoring the emitted elements from fusion reactor. It is used for archaeological analysis such as, analysis of gold fixing in ancient Rome and earthernware analysis of ancient China. As for the chemical bonding condition, the small difference of chemical bonding has been able to be observed clearly as a difference of strength over the multiple spectra, and PIXE has prospects in multiple fields. 24 refs., 21 figs.

  3. [Prevention of Neonatal Group B Sreptococcal Infection. Spanish Recommendations. Update 2012. SEIMC/SEGO/SEN/SEQ/SEMFYC Consensus Document].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alós Cortés, Juan Ignacio; Andreu Domingo, Antonia; Arribas Mir, Lorenzo; Cabero Roura, Luis; de Cueto López, Marina; López Sastre, José; Melchor Marcos, Juan Carlos; Puertas Prieto, Alberto; de la Rosa Fraile, Manuel; Salcedo Abizanda, Salvador; Sánchez Luna, Manuel; Sanchez Pérez, María José; Torrejon Cardoso, Rafael

    2013-03-01

    Group B streptococci (GBS) remain the most common cause of early onset neonatal sepsis. In 2003 the Spanish Societies of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Neonatology, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Chemotherapy, and Family and Community Medicine published updated recommendations for the prevention of early onset neonatal GBS infection. It was recommended to study all pregnant women at 35-37 weeks gestation to determine whether they were colonised by GBS, and to administer intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) to all colonised women. There has been a significant reduction in neonatal GBS infection in Spain following the widespread application of IAP. Today most cases of early onset GBS neonatal infection are due to false negative results in detecting GBS, to the lack of communication between laboratories and obstetric units, and to failures in implementing the prevention protocol. In 2010, new recommendations were published by the CDC, and this fact, together with the new knowledge and experience available, has led to the publishing of these new recommendations. The main changes in these revised recommendations include: microbiological methods to identify pregnant GBS carriers and for testing GBS antibiotic sensitivity, and the antibiotics used for IAP are updated; The significance of the presence of GBS in urine, including criteria for the diagnosis of UTI and asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy are clarified; IAP in preterm labour and premature rupture of membranes, and the management of the newborn in relation to GBS carrier status of the mother are also revised. These recommendations are only addressed to the prevention of GBS early neonatal infection, are not effective against late neonatal infection. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  4. Les aboutissements de la circulation à sens unique dans le discours médical [The Outcomes of one-way circulation in medical discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Dolores Vivero García

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail concerne le discours médical sur la dépression. L'analyse de la mise en scène de la circulation des connaissancesdans notre corpus montre que ce discours se fonde sur une doxa scientifique construite comme le lieu d'une circulation. Il prend également appui sur une représentation de la maladie supposéepartagée par les destinataires (les médecins généralistes, si bien que l'énonciation se rattache implicitement à un discours doxique relatif à un certain modèle de la dépression.We analyse medical discourse about depressive disorder. Analyse of representation of knowledge circulation shows that this discourse is based on Doxa as a one-way circulation. It is based in the social representation of depressive disorder supposedly shared by interlocutors, that is to say the general practitioners. The enunciation appears as implicitly connected to discourse of one model of depressive disorder.

  5. Dangers, risques, sécurité sanitaire et principe de précaution : les mots et leur sens

    OpenAIRE

    Grémy, François

    2017-01-01

    Qui contrôle la définition du risque contrôle la solution « rationnelle » du problème. Selon la façon dont est défini le risque, la hiérarchie des solutions en terme de sécurité ou de coût-bénéfice sera différente. La définition du risque est donc un exercice de pouvoir.Paul Slovic Vache folle, dioxine, alcool, énergie nucléaire, circulation automobile, OGM, amiante, listériose, tabac, contaminations virales par les transfusions de sang, effet de serre, affections nosocomiales, legionellose, ...

  6. Stimuli de l'environnement, organes des sens et comportement des Monogènes juvéniles et adultes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KEARN G. C.

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Lorsque les larves de Monogènes (oncomiracidiums établissent leur premier contact avec l'hôte, cela correspond à un changement fondamental dans leur mode de vie. La disparition de quelques structures sensorielles et l'acquisition de nouvelles en témoignent ; mais il existe certainement d'autres types de changements encore inconnus au niveau du système nerveux. Le développement larvaire lui-même, à ce moment là, est initié par des facteurs eux aussi inconnus. Nos connaissances du rôle des facteurs de l'environnement sur la vie des stades parasites juvéniles et adultes sont très limitées. Chez Entobdella soleae, parasite cutané de la Sole, il existe une réponse comportementale au changement de concentration d'oxygène ; chez l'adulte d'Encotyllabe caballeroi, chez qui des yeux se développent chez les post-larves, une réponse nette à la lumière existe. Les yeux persistants que l'on trouve chez d'autres Monogènes adultes, doivent avoir un rôle plus subtil dans le comportement. Le courant d'eau peut influencer le choix du site de fixation ou le développement dissymétrique du hapteur chez les Polyopisthocotylea, mais chez Entobdella soleae, parasite cutané, c'est le premier contact, et non une réponse au courant d'eau qui est déterminant dans l'orientation, la locomotion et éventuellement la migration. Ce contact est aussi certainement important dans la locomotion de certains parasites branchiaux comme Tetraonchus monenteron. L'attraction par des phéromones n'a pas été démontrée chez les Monogènes et l'environnement turbulent de la plupart d'entre eux rend ce mode de communication peu adapté. Cependant, les relations particulières entre E. soleae et son hôte poisson plat procurent une situation où ce phénomène serait possible et avantageux. Bien que les hormones des hôtes apparaissent jouer un rôle dans la biologie de la reproduction des hématophages comme les Polystomes, la démonstration expérimentale manque encore.

  7. The Role of Outside-School Factors in Science Education: A Two-Stage Theoretical Model Linking Bourdieu and Sen, with a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokpinar, Tuba; Reiss, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The literature in science education highlights the potentially significant role of outside-school factors such as parents, cultural contexts and role models in students' formation of science attitudes and aspirations, and their attainment in science classes. In this paper, building on and linking Bourdieu's key concepts of habitus, cultural and…

  8. Salix transect of Europe: variation in ploidy and genome size in willow-associated common nettle, Urtica dioica L. sens. lat., from Greece to arctic Norway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronk, Quentin; Hidalgo, Oriane; Pellicer, Jaume; Percy, Diana; Leitch, Ilia J

    2016-01-01

    The common stinging nettle, Urtica dioica L. sensu lato, is an invertebrate "superhost", its clonal patches maintaining large populations of insects and molluscs. It is extremely widespread in Europe and highly variable, and two ploidy levels (diploid and tetraploid) are known. However, geographical patterns in cytotype variation require further study. We assembled a collection of nettles in conjunction with a transect of Europe from the Aegean to Arctic Norway (primarily conducted to examine the diversity of Salix and Salix -associated insects). Using flow cytometry to measure genome size, our sample of 29 plants reveals 5 diploids and 24 tetraploids. Two diploids were found in SE Europe (Bulgaria and Romania) and three diploids in S. Finland. More detailed cytotype surveys in these regions are suggested. The tetraploid genome size (2C value) varied between accessions from 2.36 to 2.59 pg. The diploids varied from 1.31 to 1.35 pg per 2C nucleus, equivalent to a haploid genome size of c. 650 Mbp. Within the tetraploids, we find that the most northerly samples (from N. Finland and arctic Norway) have a generally higher genome size. This is possibly indicative of a distinct population in this region.

  9. El Síndrome de Munchausen por Poderes en el cine. De El sexto sentido/ The Sixth Sens (1999 a A Child’s Cry for Help (1994

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Lucila Merino Marcos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Una forma de abuso infantil que ha sido incluido en el guión de varias películas es el síndrome de Munchausen por poderes. El argumento de A Child’s Cry for Help (1994 es simplemente un caso clínico de este síndrome. En Llamada perdida/ Chakushin ari (One Missed Call (2003 subyace a lo largo de toda la trama y en El sexto sentido/ The Sixth Sense (1999 forma parte de una subtrama.

  10. Panská sněmovna jako možné východisko pro debatu o budoucnosti Senátu?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Malíř, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 156, č. 12 (2017), s. 1124-1152 ISSN 0231-6625 Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : bicameralism * The 1867 December Constitution * Herrenhaus Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences OBOR OECD: Law

  11. Airborne gamma-ray survey around the Negoro fault. 1; Negoro danso shuhen chiiki ni okeru kuchu {gamma} sen tansa. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakayama, E.; Kasuya, Y.; Hasegawa, H. [Aero Asahi Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Tsukuda, E. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    An airborne gamma-ray survey was carried out to investigate the active fault system in the central structure line in the peripheral area of the city of Wakayama. At the same time, with an objective to enhance applicability of the airborne gamma-ray survey to active fault investigation, fundamental data were acquired and discussed. The measurement data were processed according to the standard method specified by IAEA. An ID-FFT filter and a nonlinear filter were employed to extract anomalous gamma-ray intensity values. The gamma-ray intensity distribution chart shows a noticeable positive anomalous area extending from the central part of the western edge to the north-east direction. This area agrees nearly well with the Negoro fault, but its peak portion is positioned slightly more to south than the position of the Negoro fault shown in existing data. The Sakuraike fault and the vicinity of the central structure line also show positive anomaly as a whole, particularly remarkably in the vicinity of their converging portion. However, differing from the vicinity of the Negoro fault, the areas are not extracted as an anomalous area which has directionality and extends in a line form. One of the factors for this would be that it is a fault in unsolidified deposits with low opening trend, differing from the one in solidified rocks. 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  12. Analogue experiment of the crustal deformation by X-ray CT; X sen CT wo mochiita chikaku no henkei no analogue jikken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakajima, Y.; Shi, B; Murakami, Y. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    This paper reports a predictive result on a deformation experiment on sand beds using an X-ray computerized tomography (CT) equipment. The X-ray CT is a method to perform the following processes: X-rays are irradiated on a sample; decayed intensity data are measured along ray paths of the permeated X-rays; the data are inverted by using the Fourier transform; and spatial distribution of the coefficient of X-ray absorption inside the sample is acquired as a gray scale image. The deformation experiment was carried by putting sand into an acrylic container to a depth of 2 cm and manually pressing a plate in the horizontal direction. Sand blocks make a relative motion along a specific plane when they are deformed, but it was not possible to recognize faults clearly by naked eyes. Upon completion of the deformation, the experimental device was placed on the CT equipment to acquire images of the two-dimensional cross section. The higher the X-ray absorption coefficient, the brighter the picture elements. It can be seen that three inversed faults have been imaged clearly. Therefore, this equipment was verified usable as an effective observation equipment for an analogue deformation experiment. 4 refs., 2 figs.

  13. Preparing Master-students of the Erasmus Mundus Programme in Special Education Needs for International Collaboration: An Insight for Hong Kong Teacher Education in SEN

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr Kuen-Fung Sin; Dr. Jacqueline van Swet

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the Erasmus Mundus programme in Special Education Needs, with the financial support from the European Commission, run in Europe from 2005-2010, is reported. The discussion will focus especially on the learning in the field of collaborative skills and attitudes that have occurred in

  14. Terminologia työvälineenä – aikamuotojärjestelmästä ja sen opetuskäytänteiden ergonomiasta S2-opetuksessa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kok

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Artikkeli käsittelee kahta ongelmalliseksi osoittautunutta verbien tempusnimitystä, perfektiä ja imperfektiä. Tarkastelen kirjoituksessani nimitysten välittämää informaatiota, jota vertaan S2-oppikirjoissa aikamuotojen käytöstä annettuun tietoon. Kriittisen katsauksen tavoitteena on osoittaa harhaanjohtavien termien haitta ja hyvän metakielen tarve sekä myös pohtia keinoja virheellisten nimitysten korjaamiseksi. Teoreettisena viitekehyksenä on työolosuhteita, työvälineitä ja työtapoja tutkiva ergonomia. Koska kielen opetus ja opiskelu ovat työtä ja metakieli on työväline, jolla opettaja ja opiskelijat yhdessä työskentelevät, on käytettävän termistön ammatillinen ja käytännönläheinen arviointi tarpeen. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5128/LV22.04

  15. Toimijuutta toisella kielellä : kansainvälisten sairaanhoitajaopiskelijoiden ammatillinen suomen kielen taito ja sen kehittyminen työharjoitteluissa

    OpenAIRE

    Virtanen, Aija

    2017-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the development of the agency and professional Finnish language skills of international nursing students studying in an English-medium degree program in Finland. The study draws on sociocognitive and ecological perspectives to examine the social nature of language and its use. This ethnographic theoretical-methodological orientation helps to analyze both subjectively experienced and collectively emergent factors. This longitudinal, multidis...

  16. Correction: Yu, Q., et al. Narrowband Bio-Indicator Monitoring of Temperate Forest Carbon Fluxes in Northeastern China. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 8986-9013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remote Sensing Editorial Office

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to a technical error at the Editorial Office, Figure 8 of manuscript [1] is missing in the published paper. The correct version of the figure is reproduced below. We apologize for any inconvenience caused to authors or readers of Remote Sensing.[...

  17. Liikunnastako lisää työhyvinvointia? : Savonia-ammattikorkeakoulun terveysalan henkilökunnalle suunnattu liikuntainterventio ja sen vaikutukset koettuun työhyvinvointiin

    OpenAIRE

    Sutinen, Päivi

    2015-01-01

    Työhyvinvointi muodostuu monen eri tekijän summasta, johon kaikki tekijät vaikuttavat yhdessä ja erikseen. Työhyvinvoinnista huolehtiminen kuuluu sekä työntekijälle itselleen, että myös työnantajalle. Työhyvinvointiin panostaminen työpaikalla näkyy motivoituneina, sitoutuneina sekä innovatiivisina työntekijöinä, jotka tulevat mielellään töihin. Organisaatiossa tehdyt työhyvinvointia lisäävät toimenpiteet voivat näkyä sairaus- ja tapaturmakulujen pienenemisenä ja tehokkaan työajan lisääntymis...

  18. Kelios mintys dėl latvių senųjų raštų vienaskaitos kilmininko su -as ir daugiskaitos kilmininko su -us

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albertas Rosinas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available SOME REMARKS ON THE GENITIVE SINGULAR IN -as AND THE GENITIVE PLURAL IN -us OF LATVIAN OLD MANUSCRIPTSSummaryIn the translation of Catechismvs Catholicorum, as well as in Elger’s texts, the genitive singular in -es[-as] of (i̯o-stem nouns results from the expanded sphere of application of the (rīt-as- type, genitive in the Riga dialect; the latter choice must have been determined by the substantival genitive model of the strong declension in the native German language, which was structurally similar to the genitive model with limited application in the Latvian language. The form of the German article chosen by the translators – not the masculine genitive form tā, but the feminine form tās – appeared due to erroneously understood concord and the structural similarity of the form tās to the form of the masculine genitive singular of the article in the native language, cf. des.The nominal ‘genitive’ plural in -us (also spelt -es [–us] is not a consequence of ‘assimilation’ to the demonstrative pronominal ‘genitive’ plural tuos, as is maintained by Endzelīns, because it is impossible to prove that the Western Latvian dialects (the Riga dialect included could ever have possessed a ‘genitive’ of such a type. The ending in question in the old texts is rather typical of the masculine (i̯o- and ii̯o-stem nouns only, except for some nouns whose gender may vary. Given that the idea of ‘assimilation’ is correct, in the old texts there should have appeared a similar type of ‘genitives’ in nouns of other stems, too, e.g. °pušus, °acus, °ļaužus, ‘debesus.The textual data allow one to assume that both the pronominal tuos-type form and the nominal genitive (vis-us, (grēk-us-type forms are just accusative plural forms which, due to the neutralization of the contrast between the genitive plural and the accusative plural in certain positions, are used alongside the genitive plural forms. The neutralization could have occurred first in prepositional constructions used by the Latvian-speaking German sociolect. For example, according to the model of proportional analogy no+gen. sg. : no+acc. sg. = no+gen. pl. : x, there appeared the construction no+acc. The second position of the neutralization in question could have evolved in the process of full nominalization when the governing of the accusative of transitive verbs was generalized so that it could apply to verbal abstracts and names of agents, too: atzīt / neatzīt tuos grēkus —> tuos grēkus (neatzīšana; salīdzināt tuos cilvēkus —> tuos cilvēkus salīdzinātajs, etc.

  19. Mudança climática e desenvolvimento humano: uma análise baseada na Abordagem das Capacitações de Amartya Sen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmeralda Correa-Macana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to explore the impacts of climate change on human development from Sen’s Capability perspective. Its main contribution lies in the analytical structure that it offers articulating well-being dimensions such as health, education, security, livelihoods, cultural values and social relation with natural resources, i.e., water, soil and biodiversity and ecosystem services. The analysis shows how climate change may increase human deprivation all over the world, with disproportionate effects on poor and developing countries.

  20. Hospitalers omkostninger, struktur og effektivitet. En undersøgelse af stordrifts- og samdriftsfordele i det danske sygehusvæsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels

    The Danish hospital sector is facing a major restructuring over the coming decade that will involve hospital mergers and closures as well as construction of new hospitals. There is a clear trend towards fewer and larger hospitals. The evidence for economies of scale and scope underpinning...... with hospital outputs in the largest hospitals (200+ beds). Furthermore, the assumption of cost-minimization had little influence on the results. Results for the smallest hospitals (less than 200 beds) showed economies of both scale and scope....

  1. Crack-arrest behavior in SEN wide plates of low-upper-shelf base metal tested under nonisothermal conditions: WP-2 series

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naus, D.J.; Keeney-Walker, J.; Bass, B.R.; Robinson, G.C. Jr.; Iskander, S.K.; Alexander, D.J.; Fields, R.J.; deWit, R.; Low, S.R.; Schwartz, C.W.

    1990-08-01

    The Heavy-Section Steel Technology (HSST) Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory under the sponsorship of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is conducting analytical and experimental studies aimed at understanding the circumstances that would initiate the growth of an existing crack in a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) and the conditions leading to arrest of a propagating crack. Objectives of these studies are to determine (1) if the material will exhibit crack-arrest behavior when the driving force on a crack exceeds the ASME limit, (2) the relationship between K Ia and temperature, and (3) the interaction of fracture modes (arrest, stable crack growth, unstable crack growth, and tensile instability) when arrest occurs at high temperatures. In meeting these objectives, crack-arrest data are being developed over an expanded temperature range through tests involving large thermally shocked cylinders, pressurized thermally shocked vessels, and wide-plate specimens. The wide-plate specimens provide the opportunity for a significant number of data points to be obtained at relatively affordable costs. These tests are designed to provide fracture-toughness measurements approaching or above the onset of the Charpy upper-shelf regime in a rising toughness region and with an increasing driving force. This document discusses test methodology and results. 23 refs., 92 figs., 25 tabs

  2. "Nowhere That Fits": The Dilemmas of School Choice for Parents of Children with Statements of Special Educational Needs (SEN) in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajwa-Patel, Meanu; Devecchi, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Giving parents a choice with regard to their children's education has been central to the political discourse of school reform at least since the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA). With regard to children with a Statement of special educational needs (SSEN), a plethora of policies and laws have given parents the right not only to choose a school,…

  3. Kuidas ületada etnotsentrismi : lähenemisviisid ajaloolisele tunnustamiskultuurile 21. sajandil / Jörn Rüsen ; tlk. Triinu Pakk-Allmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüsen, Jörn

    2007-01-01

    Etnotsentrismi ohtlikkusest kaasaegses ajaloomõistmises. Asümmeetrilised väärtushinnangud, teleoloogiline järjepidevus ja tsentraliseeritud vaatenurk ajalookäsitluse elementidena. Nende ületamise ja omaksvõtu võimalustest, mis viiksid uut laadi üldajaloo käsitluseni. Ajaloouurimise teoreetilistest ja metodoloogilistest vahenditest

  4. Adição de ferro aos alimentos como método corretivo de anemias ferro-sensíveis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Pimenta de Mello

    1947-03-01

    Full Text Available Em operarios pertencentes à Emprêsa Nacional de Contruções Civis e Hidraulicas, os autores administram sais de ferro misturados á alimentos. A um primeiro grupo (88 homens fornecem sulfato na dose de 0.5g diária por homem, de mistura com farinha de mandióca durante 30 dias. A um segundo grupo (35 homens, depois de um período semelhante, administraram citrato ferrico amoniacal pardo, no dóse de 0.7g por homem, diariamente, de mistura com caldo de feijão, por mais trinta dias. Na tabela abaixo podemos apreciar os resultados: Com a diminuição do número de indivíduos com baixo teor de hemoglobina, no final da prova, as curvas hemogloninicas do segundo grupo tornaram-se visivelmente leptokurticas em relação á cuva normal. Concluindo verifica-se portanto, á administração marcial, nas dóses indicadas uma maior sensibilidade dos indivíduos de teor baixo de hemoglobina do que os indivíduos que possuem uma taxa de hemoglobina próxima da normal.Iron has been administered mixed with food to workers building a bridge near Rio. In the first group (88 individuals ferrous sulfate 0.5 gr per day, has been given mixed with mandioca flour, for a 30 days period. In the second group (35 individuals after a similar period, iron was given for another month in the form of ferric ammonium citrate, brown, 0.7 gr per day dissolved bean soup. The results could be seen in the table below: It has been shown a marked improvement in individuals with hemoglobin content below 10.00 gr per 100 cu. blood. Individuals with hemoglobin slightly below normal are not improved by this treatment. In the dosage above given any health disturbance has been observed in the 123 individuals during, this two months period with iron administration.

  5. Le coupé décalé en Côte d'Ivoire : Sens et enjeux d'un succès musical

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article is an explanatory contribution of the current success of the cut offset a new Ivorian musical genre occurred in the corridors of the Ivorian crisis. His current success is not unrelated to the phenomenon of globalization, but the factor that seems decisive is once again its specific link with the political imagination of ...

  6. Bajor utcanevek egy magyarországi német településen. [Bavarian street names in a German settlement in Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müller, Márta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines names for squares, streets (many of which led to neighbouring settlements and alleys in the historical centre of the Hungarian town called Pilisvörösvár (Pest County, given, in the local Bavarian dialect, by Swabian and Bavarian settlers, who populated the place until the middle of the 18th century. The author briefly describes the local German minority, the main features of the Bavarian dialect, as well as the onomastic corpus with respect to the phonetic, morphological, lexical and functional-semantic characteristics of the names. Linguistic analysis is completed with the discussion of how the observed names of Bavarian origin were formed, focusing especially on the historical and socio-cultural factors that played a crucial role in name formation. The Bavarian names for public places were transmitted orally in the local community until the turn of the millennium. Revitalization of the names started in 2009, as a result of which the Bavarian street names on blue and white local history plaques have been placed under the official Hungarian street signs. The last section of the paper presents the steps of this revitalization process.

  7. Sonia ou le sens retrouvé. Notes sur la rédemption et le salut dans Crime et châtiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Bidaud

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone un nuevo acercamiento a los temas de la redención y de la salvación en Crimen y castigo a través del análisis del personaje de Sonia. Destacaremos que la novela de Dostoïevski está estructurada por una serie de interrogaciones sobre el bien y la salvación terrestre y divina a los cuales Sonia da nuevas respuestas y nuevo sentido. Estas interrogaciones son las siguientes: ¿en qué medida los hombres deben ser buenos? ¿cuáles son las condiciones de la salvación terrestre? Y, finalmente, ¿hay una salvación divina universal para todos los hombres, incluso los peores?

  8. Sonia ou le sens retrouvé. Notes sur la rédemption et le salut dans Crime et châtiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Bidaud

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone un nuevo acercamiento a los temas de la redención y de la salvación en Crimen y castigo a través del análisis del personaje de Sonia. Destacaremos que la novela de Dostoïevski está estructurada por una serie de interrogaciones sobre el bien y la salvación terrestre y divina a los cuales Sonia da nuevas respuestas y nuevo sentido. Estas interrogaciones son las siguientes: ¿en qué medida los hombres deben ser buenos? ¿cuáles son las condiciones de la salvación terrestre? Y, finalmente, ¿hay una salvación divina universal para todos los hombres, incluso los peores?

  9. Zum Dilemma der medikamentösen Frühintervention bei präpsychotischen Zuständen in der Adoleszenz

    OpenAIRE

    Branik, Emil; Meng, Heiner

    2003-01-01

    Es gilt als inzwischen weitgehend erwiesen, dass die Frühbehandlung von schizophrenen Psychosen den ansonsten in der Mehrzahl ungünstigen Verlauf der Erkrankung positiv beeinflusst. Der Aufsatz fasst klinisch relevantes Wissen über die Früherkennung und -behandlung schizophrener Psychosen in der Adoleszenz zusammen. Es wird auf die Schwierigkeiten in der Differentialdiagnose und Besonderheiten in der Therapie in dieser Altersgruppe hingewiesen. Eine umfassende wiederholte Diagnostik bei Verda...

  10. Quel(s sens pour les structures du type  ?  (avec application à un corpus de nouvelles de Steven Millhauser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine DELESSE

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine certains verbes de dire ou d’opinion au passif, qui peuvent se construire, soit avec une montée de sujet , soit avec extraposition de complétive . Après un rappel des caractéristiques syntaxiques et sémantiques de ces verbes, ainsi qu’un résumé historique, sont examinés les emplois en contexte des deux types de structure dans un corpus de nouvelles de Steven Millhauser où elles figurent en grand nombre.This article aims at studying verbs of reporting and opinion which can be used in the passive with two different structures : one with subject raising , the other with extraposition of a that-clause . The characteristics of those verbs, both syntactic and semantic, are described, as well as a brief summary of historical data. Then the study focuses on the use of both structures in a corpus of short stories by Steven Millhauser who uses them in an interesting way.

  11. LE CONTROLE INTERNE AU TRAVERS DES REPRESENTATIONS QUE S'EN FONT LES DIRIGEANTS DE GROUPES DU CAC 40 : UNE ETUDE EXPLORATOIRE

    OpenAIRE

    Gumb, Bernard; Noël Lemaitre, Christine

    2006-01-01

    International audience; Cet article explore la notion de contrôle interne au travers d'une analyse lexicale des rapports rédigés par les présidents des groupes cotés du CAC 40. Le législateur français, au contraire de la loi américaine, n'ayant pas recommandé de trame conductrice, la liberté du rédacteur et la diversité de contenu qui en découle sont en elles-mêmes des gages de richesse pour l'analyse. Celle-ci confirme certes des tendances déjà pointées par la littérature (prépondérance de l...

  12. Contribution of the hdeB-like gene (SEN1493) to survival of Salmonella enterica enteritidis Nal(R) at pH 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joerger, Rolf D; Choi, Steven

    2015-04-01

    Periplasmic proteins are particularly vulnerable to denaturation upon entry into a highly acid environment. In Escherichia coli, a level of protection of these proteins is afforded by acid-inducible chaperonins encoded by hdeAB. In contrast, Salmonella enterica only harbors an hdeB-like gene and it is currently not known what function it plays in this genus. In the present study, the hdeB-like gene was deleted in Salmonella enterica Enteritidis Nal(R) and Salmonella enterica Kentucky 3795. When grown overnight in tryptic soy broth (TSB) medium buffered at pH 5.5 and then exposed to TSB pH 2 for 20 min, Enteritidis wild-type strain experienced a 0.5-log10 reduction in colony-forming units, whereas the deletion strain's surviving cells were reduced by 1.6 log10. No difference in survival was observed in the corresponding Salmonella enterica Kentucky 3795 strains treated the same way. Exposure of the strains to pH 2.5 or 3 resulted in the same log reduction regardless of the presence of the hdeB-like gene. When wild-type and deletion strains of both serovars were grown in medium buffered at pH 7 prior to exposure to the acidic pHs, no difference in survival with respect to serovar or presence/absence of the hdeB-like gene was found. Salmonella enterica Enteritidis Nal(R) carrying its own or the intragenic region upstream of the hdeB-like from Salmonella enterica Kentucky 3795 cloned in front of the gfp gene from pFPV25 showed maximum fluorescence when grown at pH 5.5, whereas the corresponding plasmid-carrying Salmonella enterica Kentucky strains did not exhibit fluorescence regardless of the pH of the growth medium. Therefore, the hdeB-like gene in Salmonella enterica Enteritidis, but not in Salmonella enterica Kentucky 3795, contributed to survival at pH 2 and its expression is responsive to the pH of the medium.

  13. Do Sensível ao Inteligível: novos rumos comunicacionais em saúde por meio do estudo da Teoria Quântica

    OpenAIRE

    Penha,Ramon Moraes; Silva,Maria Júlia Paes da

    2009-01-01

    Este estudo se propõe a apresentar uma reflexão teórica sobre a relação entre os conceitos de Ser Humano, saúde e doença, e as perspectivas advindas com o desenvolvimento da Teoria Quântica. Apresenta argumentos para a compreensão de que a partir do momento em que há o reconhecimento da dimensão espiritual, existe a necessidade de reformulações dos conceitos que norteiam a prática profissional, uma vez que são estes que possibilitam a interpretação e direcionam a resposta comunicacional que, ...

  14. "Tut s'en vat declinant". Un cas de grammaticalisation et de dégrammaticalisation dans le système verbal du français

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøsler, Lene

    2005-01-01

    Construction progressive, grammaticalisation, dégrammaticalisation, le système verbal du français......Construction progressive, grammaticalisation, dégrammaticalisation, le système verbal du français...

  15. Learning Through Reflective Writing: A Teaching Strategy. A Review of: Sen, B. A. (2010. Reflective writing: A management skill. Library Management, 31(1/2, 79-93.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen L. Young

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To explore student thought on both reflection and reflective writing as a process, and to analyze the writing by the application of clearly defined and identifiable outcomes.Design – Mixed method approach consisting of a qualitative analysis of 116 written reflections from master’s level students as well as a quantitative statistical analysis.Setting –The University of Sheffield masters-level librarianship program’s course INF6005, “Management for LIS.”Subjects – Of the 31 students registered the course during the 2007-2008 academic year, 22 (71%, allowed their reflections to be used for the purposes of research. Of these, 7 students identified themselves as male, and 15 were female. All students included were over 21 years of age and had previous library experience, with varying degrees of management experience in supervisory roles. Not all supervisory experience was gathered within the library domain.Methods –A total of 116 reflective journal entries were submitted by the participating students during the eight month period from October 2008 to May 2009. In order to identify themes, qualitative analysis was applied to the reflective writing responses. Descriptive statistics were also applied to test the hypothesis, illustrate the relationships between reflective writing and outcomes, and locate identifiable outcomes.Main Results – Practising reflection demonstrated benefits for individuals groups both in and outside of the workplace. On the whole, individuals gained the most from reflection and saw it in the most positive light when it was practised as a daily activity. Quantitatively, when students began to master the practice of reflection, they demonstrated an increase in their ability to learn and an overall improvement of self-development and critical thinking skills, and gained a defined awareness of personal mental function. When decision making became easier, students understood they had begun to master the art of reflective practice and analytical reflective writing. Qualitatively, when the students’ reflections were assessed, ten different themes emerged: (1 Nature of reflection(2 Reflection seen as useful in providing support for a career and professional development(3 Reflective writing – benefits (4 Reflective writing – potential in future employment and workplace(5 Encouraging others to use reflective practice(6 Reflecting positively(7 Reflection applicable to both individuals and groups(8 Reflection in support of personal awareness(9 Exploration of different methods of reflection(10Difficulties in focusing enough to be able to reflect deeplyConclusion – Reflection is a skill that can be practised and developed. Initially, not all students enrolled in the class and participating in the study knew what reflective writing was or what it entailed. Students were given support to educate them in this area. Support included academic reading, lectures, reflective writing workshops and an overall opportunity to develop their skills further.Reflective writing was demonstrated to have a very positive relationship with several key outcomes. The areas impacted include academic learning, self-development, and critical review, with key outcomes including an increased awareness of personal mental function and increased support for decision making, as well as empowerment and emancipation. The clearest benefit was represented when students wrote about their analytical reflections.

  16. Nähdä, kuulla ja ymmärtää:perusterveydenhoidossa toimivien hoitajien käsityksiä depressiosta ja sen hoidosta

    OpenAIRE

    Kokko, M. (Marjo)

    1999-01-01

    Abstract Minor and major forms of depression are the most common mental disorders seen in primary health care. The number of disability pensions granted for major depression multiplied in Finland during the years 1987 and 1995. Over half of the client visits in health care centres are conducted by nurses. In most cases, practice nurses, health visitors, midwifes and school nurses are the first contact the patient or client has in a primary health care. However, there is no published litera...

  17. Experimental consideration of contact resistance related to modified configuration of line contact; Sen sessyokusi no sessyoku keitai ni tomonau sessyoku teiko no jikkenteki kosatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aichi, H. [Daido Institute of Technology, Aichi (Japan); Miyachi, I. [Aichi Institute of Technology, Aichi (Japan)

    1997-06-20

    The contact form of electric contact which is used on a switchgear is roughly divided to a point, a line and a plane contact. Among them, a point contact is considered as the foundation of contact form and according to the contact structures such as spherical surface vs. spherical surface and spherical surface vs. plane and so on, one of the minute circular contacts, so called a point contact, is formed. On the most of the connectors and the circuit-breakers, the line or the plane contact member is applied. Authors have been developed an unique contact model be able to measure the contact resistance of any form. In this model, it is available to select the size, the member and the configuration of contact spots by macroscopic arrangement of some metal electrodes immersed in electrolyte solution of dilute sulfuric acid. In this paper, the contact resistance of a case that changes from line to plane contact and that of several line contacts in parallel are studied. The experimental results obtained clarify that the characteristics of contact resistance changed form line to plane contact are equivalent to those of a point contact, the contact resistance of line contacts in parallel has the same characteristics as that of a long line contact and so forth. 9 refs., 8 figs.

  18. Um Corpo Sensível à Transcendência: Uma compreensão mística da sensibilidade

    OpenAIRE

    Bornemark, Jonna; Universidade de Södertörn - Suécia

    2016-01-01

    Na fenomenologia e na filosofia existencial, a relação com o divino fora entendida como intimamente relacionada à capacidade humana à transcendência. Esta compreensão pode ser salientada a partir da leitura de Das fließende Licht der Gotheit, da beguina Mechthild von Magdeburg, um texto da mística cristã no qual o corpo, a sensibilidade e o encontro erótico com o divino são centrais. Aqui, a sensibilidade é entendida como o lugar de encontro entre a alma e Deus. O presente artigo almeja contr...

  19. Recommendations for the use of PET imaging biomarkers in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative conditions associated with dementia: SEMNIM and SEN consensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbizu, Javier; García-Ribas, Guillermo; Carrió, Ignasi; Garrastachu, Puy; Martínez-Lage, Pablo; Molinuevo, José Luis

    2015-01-01

    The new diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease (AD) acknowledges the interest given to biomarkers to improve the specificity in subjects with dementia and to facilitate an early diagnosis of the pathophysiological process of AD in the prodromal or pre-dementia stage. The current availability of PET imaging biomarkers of synaptic dysfunction (PET-FDG) and beta amyloid deposition using amyloid-PET provides clinicians with the opportunity to apply the new criteria and improve diagnostic accuracy in their clinical practice. Therefore, it seems essential for the scientific societies involved to use the new clinical diagnostic support tools to establish clear, evidence-based and agreed set of recommendations for their appropriate use. The present work includes a systematic review of the literature on the utility of FDG-PET and amyloid-PET for the diagnosis of AD and related neurodegenerative diseases that occur with dementia. Thus, we propose a series of recommendations agreed on by the Spanish Society of Nuclear Medicine and Spanish Society of Neurology as a consensus statement on the appropriate use of PET imaging biomarkers. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  20. Jogo, educação e cultura: senões e questões Play, education and culture: saves and questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marineide de Oliveira Gomes

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo objetiva situar a utilização do jogo na educação infantil, inserido no contexto da produção cultural dirigida à criança pequena. Para isso, recupera as funções atribuídas ao jogo em nossa história, analisa a produção de alguns brinquedos infantis usados pelas crianças brasileiras nas últimas décadas, a relação de crianças e professores com os mesmos e a imagem de criança a eles subjacente. Aponta, como alternativa cultural e educacional, o resgate dos jogos tradicionais infantis como forma de construção e/ou reconstrução de identidades individuais e coletivas, necessárias à formação de cidadãos criativos e críticos.This article aims at situating the use of plays in child education, inserted in the context of cultural production addressed to small children. For that, it regains the functions previously attributed to the play in our history, analyses the production of some toys used by Brazilian children in the last decades, the children and teachers’ relation with them and the image children have of the referred toys. The article also points as cultural and educational alternatives, the recovery of the traditional children plays as a form of construction and/or reconstruction of individual and collective identities, essential to the formation of creative and critic citizens.

  1. Traces et sens de l'Histoire chez les voyageuses françaises et britanniques dans l'Italie préunitaire (1815-1861

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Bourguinat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L'article s'appuie sur un important corpus de témoignages laissés par des femmes du premier XIXe siècle (1814-1861, Françaises ou Britanniques, relatifs au voyage en Italie : un peu plus de 150 références composées de récits de voyage publiés, de journaux de route, de journaux intimes, de fragments autobiographiques, ou encore de correspondances. Par opposition aux travaux basés sur de petits échantillons de voyageuses « représentatives » (quoique souvent célèbres à un titre ou à un autre, l'objectif est d'obtenir une vue générale, englobante, de l'approche féminine de l'Italie en tant que terre de loisir, de culture, et finalement ici plus précisément d'Histoire. Il apparaît que le discours féminin n'obéit pas aux stéréotypes attendus et ne se concentre pas sur les mœurs ou sur la sphère domestique. En explorant les routes, les villes et les monuments de la période des Restaurations et du Risorgimento, les voyageuses montrent (plus particulièrement les Britanniques, une propension non négligeable à s'occuper d'objets politiques et historiques : traces du passé proche laissées par les Français, éléments d'archaïsme politique et social (poids des masses pauvres, caractère tyrannique ou arbitraire des pouvoirs, et facteurs de relèvement et de régénération, spécialement à partir des événements de 1848.Historical Traces and Historical Perceptions in French and British Women’s Travel Writings on Preunified Italy (1814-1861.This article deals with women's travel writing about Italy in the first half of the nineteenth century (1814-1861, using an extensive definition of travel literature. The analysis draws on more than 150 references written and/or published by French and British women: travel books, travel diaries, extracts from autobiographies or memoirs, private letters.  Rather than limiting the study to a few “representative” women, I describe a more general feminine view of Italy as a land of classical culture and of seductive leisure, but also as a foreign and dominated country whose destiny was affected by the accidents of History. Visiting post-Napoleonic Italy, French and especially British women did not limit their perceptions and feelings to the usual stereotypes about Italian ways of life and the domestic sphere. As they traveled, discovering the cities and the people, they also discuss in their writings matters connected with politics and history; for example, the legacy of the French occupation of Italy before 1814, or the signs of backwardness and the authoritarianism of political life in the Papal States and other principalities. These women travellers also stress the possibilities for the country’s regeneration, especially for the generation of women travellers who visited Italy after the 1848 revolutions.

  2. Le sens de l’écart : la narration déconstruite dans les vidéos de Willie Doherty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Morisson

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans les œuvres vidéographiques de l’artiste nord-irlandais Willie Doherty, les éléments narratifs entretiennent une relation complexe avec les images filmiques. Témoin de la guerre civile, récepteur méfiant des images du conflit, Doherty n’a de cesse de rappeler que la mémoire individuelle du traumatisme est erratique et le statut de victime problématique. La déconstruction du récit, l’instabilité de la focalisation, ainsi que l’écart, voire l’incompatibilité, entre l’image et le texte qui l’accompagne aboutissent à une réflexion sur les dissensions historiques. La voix off devient alors un facteur d’incertitude.In his video works, all tightly focused on the Northern-Irish conflict, Willie Doherty probes the perpetrator-victim dyad and denounces the truncated visual representation of the conflict by deconstructing the relation between image and sound. The texts uttered by the voice-over raise political issues relevant to post-conflict Ireland, whether it be victimhood, national trauma or the construction of collective memory. Multiple open-ended interwoven narratives accompany images without closing their interpretation.

  3. Le coupé décalé en Côte d'Ivoire : Sens et enjeux d'un succès musical

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 mars 2007 ... de jeune, c'est qu'il trouve à travers cette catégorie sociale, les déterminants de son succès. Notre analyse ... En Côte d'Ivoire et partout ailleurs, il reste entendu que le coupé décalé échafaude la culture ... de conscience objective de l'espace territorial entendu comme le lieu où se déroulent des enjeux de ...

  4. Identificacio?n de factores que influyen el rendimiento acade?mico en los alumnos del segundo ciclo de la Escuela de Estomatologi?a de la Universidad Sen?or de Sipa?n

    OpenAIRE

    Bustamante C., Olinda del P.

    2013-01-01

    Actualmente se conoce que los estudiantes que ingresan al nivel superior universitario revelan una serie de deficiencias acade?micas que, adema?s de retrasar el proceso de formacio?n en su aprendizaje, constituyen un obsta?culo para el desarrollo personal y profesional. La capacidad de aprendizaje de los estudiantes universitarios, esta? relacionada con una serie de factores extri?nsecos e intri?nsecos que condicionan la calidad de la asimilacio?n de los conocimientos. Las experiencias del...

  5. Fisioterapia na Síndrome de Seckel: proposta de intervenção através de estimulação sensório-motora

    OpenAIRE

    Ceni, Diana Colombeli

    2014-01-01

    A Síndrome de Seckel é uma síndrome genética autossômica recessiva rara, com incidência inferior a 1 portador a cada 1.000.000 de nascidos vivos. Devido a esta baixa incidência, há pouca bibliografia publicada, em sua maioria composta por artigos médicos de relato de caso, sem abordagem sobre os métodos de tratamento fisioterapêutico nos casos de portadores que apresentam atraso no desenvolvimento motor normal. Esta dissertação propõe uma proposta de intervenção de tratamento fisioterapêutico...

  6. Contribution à une sémantique médiatique numérique (nouvelles pratiques médiatiques numériques et savoirs de sens commun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Hailon

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article questions the multimediation of f actual discourses in print and on-line media. It questions the stakes in the socio-technical transforma tions of the media discourse. The printed outlets and the new media, be they participative or not, form popular wisdom. Together they ensure its permanent updating and shape a new social re ality. The media and political popular wisdom is woven by social imagination and by culturally placed and shared k nowledge. The regularizing of identity within the framework of political discourse can stem from ideologica lly formed hearsay. It is in the indexicality of interactions between on-line/paper press and in the am biguity of technologically expanded ideological positioning that ambivalent referenciations circulate. The corpus is made up of articles taken from AFP, Le Monde, Figaro, Agoravox, Atlantico and Rue 89. It is built on the theme of insecurity and immigration. It is examined within the framework of the election campaigns of 2007 and 2012.

  7. Use of chloramine-T and two dyes in the sensitive determination of stavudine in pharmaceuticals Uso de cloramina-T e de dois corantes na determinação sensível de estavudina em medicamentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanakapura Basavaiah

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Three new methods are described for the assay of stavudine (STV in bulk drug and in dosage forms using chloramine-T (CAT and two dyes, methyl orange and indigocarmine, as reagents. Titrimetry involves treating STV with a measured excess of CAT in hydrochloric acid medium, and after the oxidation of STV is judged to be complete, the unreacted oxidant is determined iodometrically. Spectrophotometric methods entail the addition of a known excess of CAT to STV in hydrochloric acid medium followed by determination of residual oxidant by reacting with a fixed amount of either methyl orange and measuring the absorbance at 520 nm (Method A or indigo carmine and measuring the absorbance at 610 nm (Method B. In all the methods, the amount of CAT reacted corresponds to the amount of STV. In titrimetric method, the reaction follows 1:1 stoichiometry (STV: CAT, and is applicable over the range 1.5-10 mg of STV. In spectrophotometric methods, the absorbance is found to increase linearly with concentration of STV. The systems obey Beer's law for 0.2-2.0 and 1.0-10.0 mg/mL for method A and method B, respectively. The apparent molar absorptivities are calculated to be 5.7x10(4 and 1.5x10(4 L/mol/cm for method A and method B, respectively, and the corresponding Sandell sensitivity values are 0.004 and 0.015 µg/cm². The limits of detection and quantification are reported for both methods. Intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy of the developed methods were evaluated as per the current ICH guidelines. The methods were successfully applied to the assay of STV in tablet and capsule formulations and the results were compared with those of a reference method by applying Student's t-test and F-test. No interference was observed from common tablet adjuvants. The accuracy and reliability of the methods were further ascertained by performing recovery experiments via standard-addition method.Descrevem-se três novos métodos para o ensaio de estavudina (STV na matéria-prima e nas formulações utilizando-se clroamina-T (CAT e dois corantes, alaranjado de metila e índigo carmim como reagentes. A titulação envolve o tratamento de STV com excesso medido de CAT em meio de ácido clorídrico, e, quando a oxidação se completar, o oxidante que não reagiu é determinado iodometricamente. Os métodos espectrofotométricos compreendem a adição de excesso conhecido de CAT ao STV em ácido clorídrico, seguida da determinação do oxidante residual por meio da reação com quantidade fixada de alaranjado de metila, medindo-se a absorvância a 520 nm (Método A ou índigo carmim, medindo-se a absorvância a 610 nm (Método B. Em todos os métodos, a quantidade de CAT que reagiu corresponde à quantidade de STV. No método titulométrico, a reação segue a estequiometria 1:1 (STV:CAT e é aplicável na faixa de 1,5 a 10 mg de STV. Nos métodos espectrofotométricos, a absorvância aumenta linearmente com a concentração de STV. Os sistemas obedecem a lei de Beer nos intervalos de 0,2 a 2,0 mg/mL e 1,0 a 10,00 mg/mL para os métodos A e B, respectivamente, e os valores de sensibilidade de Sandell correspondentes são 0,004 e 0,015 µg/cm². Os limites de detecção e de quantificação são apresentados para ambos os métodos. A precisão e a exatidão intra-dia e inter-dia dos métodos desenvolvidos são avaliadas de acordo com as normas ICH. Os métodos foram aplicados com êxito aos ensaios de STV em comprimidos e em cápsulas e os resultados foram comparáveis com aqueles obtidos com o método de referência, utilizando-se o teste t de Student e o teste F. Não se observou interferência dos adjuvantes comuns em comprimidos. A exatidão e a confiabilidade dos métodos foram ajustadas por meio de experimentos de recuperação via método de adição de padrão.

  8. Numerus clausus in der Russischen Armee : über die religiösen und nationalen Beschränkungen bei der Komplettierung der Truppen in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts / Tõnu Tannberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tannberg, Tõnu, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Venelaste juhtiva rolli kindlustamiseks tsaariarmees hakati 19. sajandi teisel poolel rakendama salajasi eeskirju. Tegemist oli usuliste ja hiljem juba otseselt rahvuslikul pinnal kehtestatud piirangutega. Nii jõuti kindlate arvuliste kvootide (numerus clausus) kehtestamiseni. Esimeste piirangute kehtestamisest. 1888. aasta instruktsioonist.Numerus claususest sõjaväe komplekteerimisel lihtväelastega. Sõjaväes kehtestatud piirangud olid eeskujuks teistelegi ametkondadele

  9. Avaliação sensório-motora do tornozelo e pé entre idosos diabéticos e não diabéticos

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Flávio da Silva; Cardoso, Helen Suzan Gama

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Comparar a força muscular e a sensibilidade do tornozelo e pé entre idosos diabéticos tipo 2 e não diabéticos. Metodologia: Foi realizado estudo transversal, com amostra de 30 idosos, de ambos os sexos, sendo 15 indivíduos diabéticos tipo 2 e não diabéticos. Estes foram selecionados através de prontuários e avaliados por meio de teste de sensibilidade tátil com monofilamento tipo Semmes-Weinstein e teste de força muscular, sendo testados flexores e extensores dos pododáctilos, lumbr...

  10. Thermoelectric characteristics of iron silicide thermoelectric converter with the transition metallic compound as an additive; Sen`i kinzoku kagobutsu wo tenkabutsu to shita keikatetsu netsuden soshi no netsuden tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashibara, M.; Oda, M. [Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-04-13

    The thin film must be converted into a bulky shape in order that the high electric power may be produced by the iron silicide thermoelectric converter. Study was then made to establish the homogeneous bulk production method, in which the additive must diffuse sufficiently in the iron silicide and bond strongly to it during the sintering. Selected as an additive in the present study, Co compounds were all decomposed below the sintering temperature and remained in the iron silicide. The Co sulfide, phosphide, bromide and iodide were particularly high in reactivity with the iron silicide. The Co, of which the added quantity was proportional to the electric conductivity, was almost homogenized into a solid solution. In the experiment, both Co sulfide and phosphide were equal in thermoelectric power as an additive. The Co bromide and iodide were maximally about 10% and 50%, respectively lower in thermoelectric power than the Co sulfide. It is attributable to the FeSi2 reformed to the electrically insulating SiO2 and low-thermoelectric power FeSi, because both Co bromide and iodide are oxidizing compounds. 7 refs., 10 figs.

  11. Taking Responsibility on Publishing the Controversial Paper “On the Misdiagnosis of Surface Temperature Feedbacks from Variations in Earth’s Radiant Energy Balance” by Spencer and Braswell, Remote Sens. 2011, 3(8, 1603-1613

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Wagner

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Peer-reviewed journals are a pillar of modern science. Their aim is to achieve highest scientific standards by carrying out a rigorous peer review that is, as a minimum requirement, supposed to be able to identify fundamental methodological errors or false claims. Unfortunately, as many climate researchers and engaged observers of the climate change debate pointed out in various internet discussion fora, the paper by Spencer and Braswell [1] that was recently published in Remote Sensing is most likely problematic in both aspects and should therefore not have been published. After having become aware of the situation, and studying the various pro and contra arguments, I agree with the critics of the paper. Therefore, I would like to take the responsibility for this editorial decision and, as a result, step down as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Remote Sensing. [...

  12. Comment on Hicham Bahi, et al. Effects of Urbanization and Seasonal Cycle on the Surface Urban Heat Island Patterns in the Coastal Growing Cities: A Case Study of Casablanca, Morocco. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 829

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brent M. Lofgren

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A statement in this recently published paper makes a point that is largely at odds with the main point of the paper that is cited. Stating that higher air temperatures lead to greater evapotranspiration is an oversimplification; the true story is more complex. Although this is by no means central to the conclusions of the paper being commented on, we have demonstrated the danger in taking too literally the idea that air temperature determines potential evapotranspiration.

  13. Emerging Trends in Applied Mathematics: Dedicated to the Memory of Sir Asutosh Mookerjee and Contributions of S.N. Bose, M.N. Saha and N.R. Sen

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, Uma; De, Soumen

    2015-01-01

    The book is based on research presentations at the international conference, “Emerging Trends in Applied Mathematics: In the Memory of Sir Asutosh Mookerjee, S.N. Bose, M.N. Saha, and N.R. Sen”, held at the Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, during 12–14 February 2014. It focuses on various emerging and challenging topics in the field of applied mathematics and theoretical physics. The book will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students at higher levels and researchers in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Researchers presented a wide variety of themes in applied mathematics and theoretical physics—such as emergent periodicity in a field of chaos; Ricci flow equation and Poincare conjecture; Bose–Einstein condensation; geometry of local scale invariance and turbulence; statistical mechanics of human resource allocation: mathematical modelling of job-matching in labour markets; contact problem in elasticity; the Saha equation; computational fluid dynamics with...

  14. Quotidiano de mulheres que vivenciam a violência doméstica: contribuições para um cuidar sensível na enfermagem e saúde

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Adriana Diniz

    2015-01-01

    A violência de gênero ocorre no âmbito da família ou em qualquer relação de afeto, levando a implicação no processo de viver com adoecimento e morte. Na gestação apresenta risco para a saúdeda mulher, contribuindo para elevar a morbimortalidade materno e fetal. A compreensão do quotidiano de mulheres possibilita uma reflexão mais aprofundada da violência doméstica, pois possuem elementos da subjetividade, que delinea o processo de viver. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo geral: comp...

  15. Politický marketing v ČR: komparace využití politického marketingu na komunální a senátní úrovni v roce 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Mazurová, Sonja

    2013-01-01

    The submitted thesis "Political marketing in the Czech Republic: comparison of application of political marketing on municipal and senate elections in 2014 " concentrates on the analysis of application of political marketing on municipal and senate election campaigns in 2014. The thesis analyses in detail the tools that were used in campaigns. The first chapter defines the theory and origins of political marketing. The second chapter concentrates on tools, strategies and new ways of using pol...

  16. Dissimilaridade genética em mutantes de aveia tolerantes e sensíveis a ácidos orgânicos Genetic dissimilarity (Avena Sativa L. tolerant and sensitive mutants to organic acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velci Queiroz de Souza

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Para que o cultivo da aveia (Avena sativa L. seja também alternativa economicamente viável em solos de várzea, faz-se necessário a utilização de cultivares tolerantes aos principais ácidos orgânicos produzidos pela decomposição da matéria orgânica gerada em cultivos com plantio direto. Este trabalho objetivou determinar a dissimilaridade genética entre famílias mutantes M3 e a cultivar UFRGS 14 de aveia mediante a utilização de marcadores ISSR, e detectar regiões genômicas associadas ao caráter tolerância a ácidos orgânicos. Foram avaliadas 30 famílias mutantes (M3, pertencentes ao banco de mutantes de aveia do Centro de Genômica e Fitomelhoramento da Faculdade de Agronomia "Eliseu Maciel". As famílias estudadas foram originadas da cultivar UFRGS 14 irradiada com raios gama (Co60 na dose de 400 Gy. A caracterização genética foi realizada utilizando-se a técnica de marcadores ISSR. Pelos resultados verifica-se que os oligonucleotídeos UBC 854, 855, e 811 permitiram detectar regiões genômicas relacionadas à tolerância à toxicidade por ácidos orgânicos, enquanto os oligonucleotídeos UBC 850 e 826 possibilitaram identificar regiões genômicas associadas à sensibilidade.In order to cultivate oats (Avena sativa L. as an economically alternative in low lands, it is necessary to use cultivars tolerant to the main organic acids produced by organic matter decomposition resulting from no tillage systems. The objectives of this work were estimate genetic dissimilarity among m3 mutant families and the oat cultivar UFRGS 14 using ISSR markers; and to detect genomic regions associated with organic acids toxicity. Thirty M3 mutant families from the Plant Genomic Center of the College of Agronomy "Eliseu Maciel", derived from the cultivar UFRGS 14 irradiated with gamma ray (Co60 at 400 Gy dosage were used. The genetic characterization was carried out using the ISSR marker technique. The results indicated that UBC 854, 855 and 811 primers allowed the identification of genomic regions related to organic acid toxicity tolerance, while UBC 850 and 826 primers of genomic regions associated to organic acid sensitivity.

  17. Atividade antiinflamatória e neuroprotetora da Edaravona no córtex sensóriomotor primário de ratos adultos submetidos à isquemia focal experimental

    OpenAIRE

    ARAÚJO, Sanderson Corrêa

    2014-01-01

    O acidente vascular encefálico (AVENC) é uma desordem neural iniciada a partir da redução ou interrupção do fluxo sanguíneo, tornando inadequada a demanda energética para a região, promovendo assim um dano tecidual. O AVENC é classificado em hemorrágico ou isquêmico. O AVENC isquêmico tem maior prevalência e pode ocorrer por trombose ou embolismo. A patologia isquêmica tem múltiplos eventos interrelacionados como excitotoxicidade, despolarização periinfarto, estresse oxidativo e nitrosativo, ...

  18. Die Rohingyas: Konstruktion, De-Konstruktion und Re-Konstruktion einer ethnisch-religiösen Identität [The Rohingyas in Myanmar: Construction, De-construction and Re-construction of an Ethnic Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Bernd Zöllner

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Rohingyas, die im Staat Rakhine (Arakan im Westen des heutigen Myanmar leben, bilden eine große geschlossene muslimische Bevölkerungsgruppe an der Grenze zu Bangladesh. In den vergangenen Jahrzehnten gab es mehrere Fluchtbewegungen über die Grenze und Aktionen der Rückführung. Bei alledem ist der Status der Rohingyas umstritten. Die Organisationen, die ihre Interessen vertreten, sehen sie als indigene Bewohner des Landes, die sich auf eine mehr als 1000jährige Geschichte berufen können. Von Seiten buddhistischer Arakanesen und der Zentralregierung Myanmars werden sie als Ausländer angesehen und behandelt. Das Papier untersucht die historische Genese der Konstruktion einer ethnischen Nationalität der Rohingyas vis à vis der buddhistischen Bevölkerung in Arakan und Gesamtbirma sowie die Bestreitung dieses Anspruchs und gibt dabei einen Überblick über die muslimische Einflüsse auf die Geschichte und Kultur des über Jahrhunderte unabhängigen Königreichs Arakan.The Rohingyas living in the state of Rakhine (Arakan in western Myanmar form a great en bloc community Muslim community on the border to Bangladesh. In the past decades, great numbers of people fled the country and were repatriated later. The status of the Rohingyas is a controversial issue. The organisations representing their interest consider them as indigenous people of Myanmar looking back at a history of 1000 years in Arakan. Buddhist Arakanese as well as the central government of Myanmar, however, regard and treat them as foreigners. The paper examines the historical genesis of the construction of a national Rohingya identity vis-à-vis the Buddhist population of Rakhine and the whole of Burma/Myanmar as well as its contradiction. In addition, an overview on the Muslim influences on history and culture of the kingdom of Arakan will be given.

  19. 25. Meeting of the NEA NSC Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) - Summary Record (23-24 May 2013, NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France) - NEA-SEN-NSC-WPEC--2013-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupont, Emmeric

    2014-01-01

    This document summarized the content of the previous WPEC meeting held on 23-24 May 2013 at the NEA Headquarters. Experimental nuclear data activities of relevance to the evaluation projects were reviewed. Detailed information about the experimental activities is given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Progress in the major nuclear data evaluation projects was presented. Detailed information about the status of the evaluated nuclear data libraries is also given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (see Annex 2). Results and conclusions of completed or near-completed subgroups were discussed. A summary table of all subgroup status is given in Annex 3. Activities of ongoing subgroups were presented. A summary table of all subgroup status is also given in Annex 3. Two new subgroup proposals were reviewed by WPEC. Detailed information about these proposals is given in the documents and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Other points discussed at the 25. Meeting: presentation of the main WPEC objectives and working methods; Renewal of the WPEC mandate for the period 2013-2016; Conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community; Time and place of next meeting

  20. Juoksuhaudoista jälleenrakennukseen - Siirtoväen ja rintamamiesten asutus- ja asuntokysymyksen järjestäminen ja sen käänteentekevä vaikutus asuntopolitiikkaan ja kaupunkirakentamiseen

    OpenAIRE

    Palomäki, Antti

    2011-01-01

    Siirtoväen ja rintamamiesten asuttamistehtävä oli sotakorvausten ohella Suomen sodanjälkeisen talous- ja sosiaalihistorian tärkein kysymys. Tämän ainutkertaisen asutuspoliittisen tehtävän ratkaisemiseksi säädettiin vuonna 1945 maanhankintalaki. Lain lähtökohtana oli Moskovan rauhassa Neuvostoliitolle luovutettujen alueiden karjalaisen väestön uudelleen asuttaminen. Maata tai asuntoa vailla oli liki puoli miljoonaa karjalaista. Luovutetut alueet käsittivät yli 12 prosenttia Suomen pinta-alasta...

  1. Internal friction and microplasticity of carbon-fiber-reinforced SiC ceramics; Tanso sen`i kyoka SiC ceramics no hakai zenku katei ni okeru naibu masatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogawa, H.; Nishino, Y.; Asano, S. [Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya (Japan)

    1995-08-20

    Mechanical responses of carbon-fiber-reinforced SiC ceramics before fracture were measured in the strain range below 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}3} by two experimental methods: mechanical hysteresis and internal friction. Load-deflection curves were obtained by the three-point bending deformation in loading-unloading cycles. A little permanent strain was found after the first cycle even in the range where fracture never occurred. A closed hysteresis loop was observed after several cycles and stabilized with a symmetrical shape after more than twenty cycles. Such a stabilized hysteresis loop is attributed to the steady-state microplastic deformation and may cause the amplitude-dependent internal friction. Internal friction was measured in the fundamental mode of free-free resonant vibration as a function of strain amplitude. With increasing the amount of prestrain in the bending deformation, internal friction increased and became sensitive to the strain amplitude. The amplitude-dependent internal friction in the composites is considered to originate from fiber pull-out or microcrack propagation. The internal friction data were analyzed on the basis of the microplasticity theory and converted into the plastic strain expressed as a function of stress. Therefore, it becomes possible to non-destructively study the forerunning process of fracture of the fiber-reinforced ceramics. 23 refs., 6 figs.

  2. Quantitative evaluation on shear strength of carbon fiber nets as web reinforcement in reinforced concrete beams. Tanso sen'i net ni yoru tekkin concrete hari no sendan hokyo koka ni taisuru teiryoteki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oka, Y.; Hiwada, K.; Lee, J.; Ota, T.; Hino, S. (Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering); Yokoyama, K. (Japan Highway Public Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1993-10-29

    This paper describes the following matters on shear reinforcing effects of carbon fiber nets on reinforced concrete beams: Test pieces of reinforced concrete beam having openings on its web reinforced with carbon fiber nets around the openings were subjected to shear fracture tests. The result verified that this reinforcement improves the ultimate withstand force of the beams and suppresses the decrease in beam rigidity and growth of cracks around the openings. Test pieces of reinforced concrete beam reinforced with carbon fiber nets around the web were subjected to shear fracture tests. The result verified that this reinforcement improves shear withstand force of the beams; the strain on the reinforced concrete decreases by nearly half when the amount of the carbon fiber net is doubled; the carbon fiber net is effective in suppressing diagonal cracks on the beams; and the shear withstand force burden on the carbon fiber net may be evaluated by the truss theoretical expression developed by the Civil Engineering Society and the experimental expression developed by the Japan Architectural Society. 5 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

  3. Review: Angela Kaupp (2005. Junge Frauen erzählen ihre Glaubensgeschichte. Eine qualitativ-empirische Studie zur Rekonstruktion der narrativen religiösen Identität katholischer junger Frauen [Young Women Tell Their Story of Faith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viera Pirker

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In her dissertation on religious pedagogy, Angela KAUPP examines the part played by religiousness in the life stories of young women brought up as Catholics in Germany. The categories of gender and religiousness are still neglected fields in youth studies and KAUPP's readable study closes a gap in research on religious and social-scientific research on pedagogy. The interviewees consider gender and religiousness to be independent and to have few implications for their life stories. They attribute high importance to religious communication, relations and spaces as part of formal and informal religious settings such as the liturgy and prayer groups. KAUPP's work indicates that biographical research is a promising method for the exploration of the development of young adults' identities in the context of religiousness and gender. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0701183

  4. Construção e avaliação de um eletrodo tubular sensível ao íon hidrogênio como detector em sistemas de análise em fluxo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martelli Patrícia B.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction of a tubular hydrogen ion-selective potentiometric electrode without inner reference solution, based on the tridodecylamine (TDDA ionophore, and its evaluation in a flow system are described. TDDA was dissolved in 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether, dispersed in a PVC membrane and applied directly to a conducting support which consisted of an epoxy resin and graphite mixture. The electrode was designed with a tubular geometry to effort facilities to be coupled as part of a flow injection network. The main working characteristics such as response time, linear pH range, selectivity and life time were evaluated and compared with those obtained which a conventionally shaped electrode based on the same sensor. The electrode showed a slope of 51-52 mV dec-1 within a linear pH range from 4.0 up to 12.0.

  5. Comment le sens est-il extrait de l'information visuelle ? Le système visuel exploré des catégories à la conscience

    OpenAIRE

    Koenig, Roger

    2012-01-01

    How does sense emerges in the visual system? In this thesis we will be focused on the visual system of human and non-human primates and their large capacity of extract and represent visual information. We studied several levels of visual representations from those related to the extraction of coarse visual features to the emergence of conscious visual representations. This manuscript presents six works in which we explored: (1) the visual features necessary to perform ultra-rapid visual categ...

  6. Quantum analysis in the transition process to excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions; Denshi shototsu ni tomonau sanso bunshi ni okeru reiki jotai sen`i no ryoshironteki kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishimaru, K. [Gifu National College of Technology, Gifu (Japan); Okazaki, K. [Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-06-25

    For understanding of fundamental chemical reactions under a highly non equilibrium condition which is quite often used in plasma processing, the relevant atomic and molecular processes must be clarified. In this study, an analysis of the transition process to the excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions in the oxygen plasma has been carried out. First, the electron density distribution in an oxygen molecule has been calculated using the extended Huckel molecular orbital method. Then, the electron potential energy distribution in the transition process to the excited state has been estimated. The electron behavior has been calculated using the estimated unidimensional electron potential energy distribution and unsteady quantum mechanics. As a result, the transition process to the excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions and its conditions have been clarified qualitatively. 9 refs., 9 figs.

  7. Flexural creep behavior of epoxy resin and transversal direction of fibers in CFRP. Epoxy jushi oyobi sore wo matorikkusu to suru CFRP sen'i chokkaku hoko no mage creep kyodo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyano, Y. (Kanazawa Inst. of Technology, Ishikawa (Japan). Materials system Research Lab.); Kasamori, M. (Industrial Research Inst. of Ishikawa, Kanazawa (Japan)); Hirazakura, Y. (Kanazawa Inst. of Technology, Ishikawa (Japan). Graduate Shool)

    1993-01-15

    The thermosetting resins such as epoxy one used for matrix of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP), show so-called visco-elastic behaviors over their glass transition temperature (Tg). It is, however, known that they show considerable change of their mechanical properties below the Tg with time and temperature. The present report focused at the temperature range below the Tg known as the usable temperature range of a structural material, evaluated the bending creep deformation of the epoxy resins in precise accuracy and newly examined to establish a conversion rule between time and temperature. According to its results, it was discussed to establish a long term prediction method having higher confidence on creep deformation of the epoxy resins and then another long term prediction on creep deformation of CFRP using the epoxy resins for its matrix on the base of a composite rule. It was found that the proposed modified conversion rule between time and temperature showed a better coincidence with the actual long term creep deformation data and made possible to predict a long term creep deformation precisely. 15 refs., 10 figs.

  8. ”Kirjailija on lava” : Hélène Cixous’n écriture fémininen hahmottaminen ja sen tarjoamat mahdollisuudet näytelmäkirjailijalle

    OpenAIRE

    VALKEINEN, JUTTA

    2007-01-01

    Käsittelen tutkielmassani ranskalaisen teoreetikon ja kirjailijan Hélène Cixous’n hahmottamaa écriture féminineä. Cixous’n laajasta tuotannosta käsitellään yleensä vain varhaisia teoriapohjaisia tekstejä ja Cixous’n kokonaisvaltainen käsitys teatterista ja uudistetun kielen käytöstä on jäänyt Suomessa varsin vähälle huomiolle. Cixous’n laajan tuotannon pääteesinä on luoda kieli joka on vapaa sorrosta ja joka pyrkii Toisen epäitsekkääseen kohtaamiseen. Pyrin työssäni jäsentämään Cixous’n ajatu...

  9. Senátní volby 2010 v ČR a voličské přesuny mezi prvním a druhým kolem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamil Gregor

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The 2010 Czech Senate Elections and Voter Shifts between the First and Second Rounds. The article concerns elections to the Senate of the Czech Parliament. Primarily, it refers to potential shifts of voter preference between the first and second rounds of the Senate elections. The fundamental tool for determining this trend is the Bayesian ecological inference model, through the use of which the authors attempt to answer the question of how the voters from the first round voted in the second round one week later when the options were reduced to only two candidates. The text analyzes these processes in detail in five electoral districts.

  10. Novel Temperate Phages of Salmonella enterica subsp. salamae and subsp. diarizonae and Their Activity against Pathogenic S. enterica subsp. enterica Isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikalová, Lenka; Bosák, Juraj; Hříbková, Hana; Dědičová, Daniela; Benada, Oldřich; Šmarda, Jan; Šmajs, David

    2017-01-01

    Forty strains of Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) subspecies salamae (II), arizonae (IIIa), diarizonae (IIIb), and houtenae (IV) were isolated from human or environmental samples and tested for bacteriophage production. Production of bacteriophages was observed in 15 S. enterica strains (37.5%) belonging to either the subspecies salamae (8 strains) or diarizonae (7 strains). Activity of phages was tested against 52 pathogenic S. enterica subsp. enterica isolates and showed that phages produced by subsp. salamae had broader activity against pathogenic salmonellae compared to phages from the subsp. diarizonae. All 15 phages were analyzed using PCR amplification of phage-specific regions and 9 different amplification profiles were identified. Five phages (SEN1, SEN4, SEN5, SEN22, and SEN34) were completely sequenced and classified as temperate phages. Phages SEN4 and SEN5 were genetically identical, thus representing a single phage type (i.e. SEN4/5). SEN1 and SEN4/5 fit into the group of P2-like phages, while the SEN22 phage showed sequence relatedness to P22-like phages. Interestingly, while phage SEN34 was genetically distantly related to Lambda-like phages (Siphoviridae), it had the morphology of the Myoviridae family. Based on sequence analysis and electron microscopy, phages SEN1 and SEN4/5 were members of the Myoviridae family and phage SEN22 belonged to the Podoviridae family.

  11. Høvedsmand og dommer på kongens vegne. Om slægten Vendelbo og dens forhold til kongemagten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerdam, Henrik

    2001-01-01

    Historie, Middelalder, lensvæsen, retshistorie, Valdemar Atterdag, Dronning Margrethe I, 1300-tallet, 1400-tallet, adelshistorie, Vendelbo......Historie, Middelalder, lensvæsen, retshistorie, Valdemar Atterdag, Dronning Margrethe I, 1300-tallet, 1400-tallet, adelshistorie, Vendelbo...

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0005881

    Smita Srivastava. Snehalika Lall. Sobhan Babu. Sofia B Dias. Soma Biswas. Sonalisa Ray. Soumen Sen. Soumen Chakrabarti. Soumendra Nath Kuiry. Soumitra Kar. Soumya Das. Soumyadip Bandyopadhyay. Sourav Chandra. Sourav Sen Gupta. Sourav Chandra. Sovan Kumar Sahoo. SR Kale. Sridhar Balasubramanian.

  13. I Jylland ... findes der Capitalister: Et studie i det jyske Bank-Contoir i Aarhuus' etablering og virke 1837-1848

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Märcher, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Danmarks Nationalbank Århus, Bankvæsen, Historie, Økonomisk historie, Bankkriser, Bankfilialer, Filialer......Danmarks Nationalbank Århus, Bankvæsen, Historie, Økonomisk historie, Bankkriser, Bankfilialer, Filialer...

  14. Suomalais-virolaisten kaupallisten kontaktien historiaa / Teppo Korhonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korhonen, Teppo

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Päiviö, Raimo. Mikä tappoi seprakaupan? : suomalaisten ja virolaisten harjoittamasta vaihto- eli seprakaupasta, sen hiipumisesta 1800-luvun lopulta ensimmäiseen maailmansotaan ja sen loppumisesta 1920- ja 1930-luvulla. Turku-Kouvola, 2009

  15. How Will the Indian Military’s Upgrade and Modernization of Its ISR, Precision Strike, and Missile Defense Affect the Stability in South Asia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    September 2001), 2. 13 Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze. India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity. Oxford University Press, 1999, 1. 12...University Press, 2000), 261. Sen , Amartya and Jean Dreze. India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity. Oxford University Press, 1999

  16. Pesticide residues in sediments from the west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, A.; SenGupta, R.

    the course of the investigation and secretarial assistance. Kannan, S. T. & Sen Gupta, R. (1987). Organochlorine residues in zooplankton off Saurastra coast, India. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 18, 92-94. Sarkar, A. & Sen Gupta, R. (1986). Persistence and fate...

  17. Jens Baggesens liv og værk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forskningsantologi om Jens Baggesen (1764-1826), dansk-tysk forfatter fra sen oplysningstid/romantik.......Forskningsantologi om Jens Baggesen (1764-1826), dansk-tysk forfatter fra sen oplysningstid/romantik....

  18. Does Social Exclusion by Classmates Lead to Behaviour Problems and Learning Difficulties or Vice Versa? A Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krull, Johanna; Wilbert, Jürgen; Hennemann, Thomas

    2018-01-01

    Social participation of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) is a central topic in the current inclusion debate. Numerous studies have shown that the risk of social exclusion is considerably higher for children with SEN compared to their peers without SEN, especially for pupils with behaviour problems (BP) or learning difficulties (LD).…

  19. Analyzing the reliability of shuffle-exchange networks using reliability block diagrams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bistouni, Fathollah; Jahanshahi, Mohsen

    2014-01-01

    Supercomputers and multi-processor systems are comprised of thousands of processors that need to communicate in an efficient way. One reasonable solution would be the utilization of multistage interconnection networks (MINs), where the challenge is to analyze the reliability of such networks. One of the methods to increase the reliability and fault-tolerance of the MINs is use of various switching stages. Therefore, recently, the reliability of one of the most common MINs namely shuffle-exchange network (SEN) has been evaluated through the investigation on the impact of increasing the number of switching stage. Also, it is concluded that the reliability of SEN with one additional stage (SEN+) is better than SEN or SEN with two additional stages (SEN+2), even so, the reliability of SEN is better compared to SEN with two additional stages (SEN+2). Here we re-evaluate the reliability of these networks where the results of the terminal, broadcast, and network reliability analysis demonstrate that SEN+ and SEN+2 continuously outperform SEN and are very alike in terms of reliability. - Highlights: • The impact of increasing the number of stages on reliability of MINs is investigated. • The RBD method as an accurate method is used for the reliability analysis of MINs. • Complex series–parallel RBDs are used to determine the reliability of the MINs. • All measures of the reliability (i.e. terminal, broadcast, and network reliability) are analyzed. • All reliability equations will be calculated for different size N×N

  20. [Guidelines for monitoring late-onset Pompe disease.Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna (SEMI), Sociedad Española de Neurología (SEN) y Sociedad Española de Neumología y CirugíaTorácica (SEPAR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Rivas, Eduardo; Illa, Isabel; Pascual-Pascual, Samuel I; Pérez-López, Jordi; Vílchez-Padilla, Juan J; Bautista-Lorite, Juan; Barrot, Emilia; López de Munain, Adolfo

    2015-04-01

    Although treatment with alglucosidase alfa has helped improve the prognosis of patients with late-onset Pompe disease, both the development of the disease and the effectiveness of the treatment need to be monitored on a regular basis. This is the reason that has led a committee of Spanish experts to draw up a series of guidelines on how to follow up these patients. The committee proposes a model of follow-up tests for late-onset Pompe disease. First of all, the nutritional status and swallowing function must be evaluated. Second, and due to the variability of the clinical features, the committee recommends the simultaneous use of several scales to measure different functions and parameters. Thus, muscular force is assessed with the Medical Research Council scale; motor functioning, with the six-minute walk test and timed tests; disability, with the Rasch-built Pompe-specific Activity scale; respiratory functioning, with measurement of the forced vital capacity and oxygen saturation; and fatigue, with the fatigue intensity scale. Lastly, the safety and tolerability of enzyme replacement therapy are controlled by registering and treating the potential side effects and measurement of the anti-alglucosidase alfa antibodies. A number of different general recommendations are also included.