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Sample records for seminavis atlantica garcia

  1. The section Atlanticae of the genus Luzula (Juncaceae

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    Boratyński, A.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The section Atlanticae of the genus Luzula (Juncaceae.- Luzula atlantica Braun-Blanq. and Luzula tibestica (Quézel Zarhan ex Romo & Boratyński are the only representatives of the section Atlanticae Kirschner of the genus Luzula. Luzula atlantica is an endemic plant from the High Atlas Mountains and Luzula tibestica is endemic to the Tibesti massif. Both taxa are studied from a nomenclatural, morphological, chorological and biogeographical point of view. These taxa, owing to their low dispersion capacity, have probably diversified in situ.La sección Atlanticae del género Luzula (Juncaceae.- Luzula atlantica Braun-Blanq. y Luzula tibestica (Quézel Zarhan ex Romo & Boratynski son los únicos representantes de la sección Atlanticae Kirschner del género Luzula. Luzula atlantica es un endemismo del Alto Atlas y Luzula tibestica es una planta endémica del macizo de Tibesti. Ambos taxones son estudiados desde el punto de vista morfológico, nomenclatural, corológico y biogeográfico. Estos taxones, por su baja tasa de dispersión, se han diversificado probablemente in situ.

  2. Attraction Pheromone of The Benthic Diatom Seminavis robusta: Studies on Structure-Activity Relationships.

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    Lembke, Christine; Stettin, Daniel; Speck, Franziska; Ueberschaar, Nico; De Decker, Sam; Vyverman, Wim; Pohnert, Georg

    2018-04-01

    Recently the first pheromone of a marine diatom was identified to be the diketopiperazine (S,S)-diproline. This compound facilitates attraction between mating partners in the benthic diatom Seminavis robusta. Interestingly, sexualized S. robusta cells are attracted to both the natural pheromone (S,S)-diproline as well as to its enantiomer (R,R)-diproline. Usually stereospecificity is a prerequisite for successful substrate-receptor interactions, and especially pheromone perception is often highly enantioselective. Here we introduce a structure-activity relationship study, to learn more about the principles of pheromone reception in diatoms. We analyzed the activity of nine different diketopiperazines in attraction and interference assays. The pheromone diproline itself, as well as a pipecolic acid derived diketopiperazine with two expanded aliphatic ring systems, showed the highest attractivity. Hydroxylatoin of the aliphatic rings abolished any bioactivity. Diketopiperazines derived from acyclic amino acids were not attrative as well. All stereoisomers of both the diproline and the pipecolic acid derived diketopiperazine were purified by enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography, and application in bioactivity tests confirmed that attraction pheromone perception in this diatom is indeed not stereospecific. However, the lack of activity of diketopiperazines derived from acyclic amino acids suggests a specificity that prevents misguidance to sources of other naturally occurring diketopiperazines.

  3. Chemical Composition of Iran's Pistacia atlantica Cold-Pressed Oil

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    M. Saber-Tehrani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The lipid fraction of Pistacia atlantica seeds was extracted for the first time by means of cold-press technique and analyzed for its chemical composition. The fatty acids, sterols, triacylglycerols (TAG, tocopherols, polyphenols, and pigments were identified and their concentrations were determined by means of reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC and gas chromatography (GC. Because of its high content of unsaturated fatty acids, it might prove to be of value in diets and it may be used as edible cooking or salad oils or for margarine manufacture. Pistacia atlantica seed oil has the unique sterols and tocopherols content providing source of natural antioxidants. The main triacylglycerols were SLL + PLO, SOL + POO, OOLn + PLL, OOO, and SOO. This paper examined the phenolic fraction of Pistacia atlantica seed oil. Moreover, caffeic acid followed by cinnamic acid, pinoresinol, vanillin, p-Coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and o-Coumaric acid was also determined. This paper presents the first investigation of chlorophyll's and carotene's composition in Pistacia atlantica seed oil. Furthermore, pheophytin a was the major component, followed by luteoxanthin, neoxanthin, violaxanthin, lutein, lutein isomers, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll a′, and pheophytin a′ were also determined.

  4. Euthanasia and common sense: a reply to Garcia.

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    Seay, Gary

    2011-06-01

    J. L. A. Garcia holds that my defense of voluntary euthanasia in an earlier paper amounts to an "assault on traditional common sense" about what medical ethics permits physicians to do, particularly insofar as I hold that a physician's duty to abstain from intentionally killing is only a defeasible duty, not an unconditional one. But I argue here that it is Garcia's views that are more at odds with common sense, and that voluntary euthanasia is in fact a humane alternative that respects patient autonomy and is consistent with the most fundamental moral duties of physicians. Among these is a duty to relieve suffering, which can sometimes outweigh the fundamental duty to conserve life.

  5. Le magico-religieux dans Cent ans de solitude de Gabriel Garcia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    oeuvre de Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Les traductions constituent les moyens les mieux indiqués pour accéder aux chefsd'oeuvre de la littérature mondiale. C'est le cas de l'ouvrage de Gabriel Garcia Marquez traduit de l'espagnol et qui nous ...

  6. Sustainability of wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf.) in Zagros forests, Iran

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    Morteza Pourreza; John D. Shaw; Hoshang Zangeneh

    2008-01-01

    Wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf.) is the most economically important tree species in many rural areas in the west of Iran. The species produces resin used for a wide variety of traditional uses. Because the resin can be harvested non-destructively, the trees are maintained until mortality occurs from natural causes. The result is that natural...

  7. Sem sol nem tempestade: caracteres de Iaiá Garcia em ruína

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    Cilaine Alves Cunha

    Full Text Available O artigo discute o desvio, realizado por Machado de Assis em Iaiá Garcia, das expectativas da narrativa sentimental e a comparação estabelecida entre os dois triângulos amorosos: Jorge, Estela e Luís Garcia, de um lado, e Estela, Jorge e Iaiá Garcia, de outro. Considerando a ação das paixões e do sistema escravocrata na conduta das personagens, aborda o confronto entre a convenção do amor paixão e a instituição do casamento como instrumento de ascensão social.

  8. Use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve the drought tolerance of Cupressus atlantica G.

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    Zarik, Lamia; Meddich, Abdelilah; Hijri, Mohamed; Hafidi, Mohamed; Ouhammou, Ahmed; Ouahmane, Lahcen; Duponnois, Robin; Boumezzough, Ali

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we investigated whether indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi could improve the tolerance of Cupressus atlantica against water deficit. We tested a gradient of watering regime spanning from 90% to 25% of soil retention capacity of water on mycorhized and non-mycorhized seedlings in pot cultures with sterilized and non-sterilized soils. Our result showed a positive impact of AM fungi on shoot height, stem diameter and biomass as well as on the growth rate. We also observed that inoculation with AM fungi significantly improved uptake of minerals by C. atlantica in both sterilized and non-sterilized soils independently of water regimes. We found that mycorhized plants maintained higher relative water content (RWC) and water potential compared with non-mycorhized plants that were subjected to drought-stress regimes (50% and 25% of soil retention capacity). The contents of proline and of soluble sugars showed that their concentrations decreased in non-mycorhized plants subjected to DS. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities also decreased in non-mycorhized plants submitted to DS compared to mycorhized plants. The same pattern was observed by measuring peroxidase (POD) enzyme activity. The results demonstrated that AM fungal inoculation promoted the growth and tolerance of C. atlantica against DS in pot cultures. Therefore, mycorrhizal inoculation could be a potential solution for the conservation and reestablishment of C. atlantica in its natural ecosystem. Copyright © 2016 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Increasing Drought Sensitivity and Decline of Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica) in the Moroccan Middle Atlas Forests

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    Linares, Juan C.; Taïqui, Lahcen; Camarero, Jesús Julio

    2011-01-01

    An understanding of the interactions between climate change and forest structure on tree growth are needed for decision making in forest conservation and management. In this paper, we investigated the relative contribution of tree features and stand structure on Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica) radial growth in forests that have experienced heavy grazing and logging in the past. Dendrochronological methods were applied to quantify patterns in basal-area increment and drought sensitivity of Atla...

  10. Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in eight populations of Atlas Pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf., Anacardiaceae).

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    Belhadj, Safia; Derridj, Arezki; Aigouy, Thierry; Gers, Charles; Gauquelin, Thierry; Mevy, Jean-Philippe

    2007-10-01

    A comparative analysis was undertaken to conduct a micromorphological study of Pistacia atlantica leaves by comparing different populations grown under different climatic conditions. Leaf epidermis of eight wild populations was investigated under scanning electron microscope. Micromorphological characteristics (epidermis ornament, stomata type, waxes as well as trichomes) of the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces were examined. The epidermis ornament varied among populations and leaf surface, the abaxial leaf surface is reticulate with a striate surface. Messaad site shows a smooth uneven surface. The adaxial leaf surface is smooth but several ornamentations can be seen. The leaflet is amphistomatic; the stomata appeared to be slightly sunken. A variety of stomatal types were recorded; actinocytic and anomocytic types are the most frequent. The indumentum consisted of glandular and nonglandular trichomes. Unicellular glandular trichomes are recorded for P. atlantica leaves in this study. Their density is higher in Oued safene site, located at the highest altitude in comparison with the other populations. The wax occurred in all the sites and its pattern varied according to the populations studied, particularly between Berriane and Messaad. The morphological variability exhibited by the eight populations of P. atlantica may be interpreted as relevant to the ecological plasticity and the physiological mechanisms involved are discussed in this report.

  11. Contribuição para o conhecimento de Garcia de Orta Contribution to the knowledge of Garcia de Orta

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    Maria Cândida Liberato

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nos finais da Idade Média, nomeadamente em Portugal, começou a surgir o gosto pela observação e registo da natureza. Os descobrimentos marítimos portugueses nos séculos XV e XVI permitiram, desde o início, verificar que o mundo natural era diferente do que se encontrava nos textos clássicos da cultura greco-romana, onde o conhecimento da Ásia era muito incipiente e distorcido. A descoberta do caminho marítimo para a Índia, em 1498, o posterior estabelecimento de um governo em Goa, a fundação de várias feitorias situadas em pontos estratégicos do Índico e a realização de algumas alianças locais, permitiram a Portugal controlar o acesso às especiarias e drogas farmacêuticas, muito pretendidas nos mercados europeus. A este Estado da Índia começaram a afluir religiosos, militares, funcionários régios, físicos, boticários e muitos outros. Neste contexto, Garcia de Orta, com formação académica baseada nos textos clássicos, foi para a Índia como médico do nomeado capitão-mor do mar da Índia, ficando naquele local o resto da sua vida. O contacto directo com as drogas e especiarias medicinais na Ásia permitiu-lhe verificar e corrigir, de forma pioneira, os conceitos existentes sobre aquelas mercadorias, algumas das quais usadas desde há muito pela medicina ocidental, e apresentar novos produtos. Deixou os seus conhecimentos registados na obra Coloquios dos simples, e drogas e cousas medicinais da Índia, e… Esta obra constitui o primeiro contributo científico europeu para o conhecimento das plantas medicinais orientais. Depois de ter sido dado a conhecer à Europa, em latim, aquela obra teve uma enorme repercussão, que se regista até hoje, sendo importante para Medicina, Farmacognosia e Botânica.By the end of the Middle Age, namely in Portugal, the interest about the observation and record of nature arose. The Portuguese expansion odyssey in the 15th and 16th centuries allowed, from the early beginning, to

  12. Effet de la bactérisation des graines sur la croissance des plants de Cedrus atlantica Manetti

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    Satrani B.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Bacterization effect of seeds on the growth of Cedrus atlantica Manetti plants. The beneficial effect of five rhizobacterial strains on the growth of Cedrus atlantica plants was evaluated at forest nursery before out-planting. The obtained results showed a significant effect of bacterial strains on cedar seedlings growth and only Pseudomonas fluorescens A6RI and TGI252 significantly increased stem length, neck diameter, root dry weight and number of root tips. It will allow us to adapt this technology for the production of quality plants.

  13. Muusikamaailm : "Windrose" Ruhrimaal. Mauricio Kagel 70. Aasta 2001 ooperitipud. Garcia Navarro lahkunud / Priit Kuusk

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    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Ruhri piirkonna kuues linnas leiab aset Euroopa festival "Windrose". Hispaania helilooja, dirigent ja professor Mauricio Kagel tähistas oma 70. sünnipäeva. Ajakiri Opernwelt tegi kriitikute hulgas küsitluse selgitamaks läinud aasta paremaid saavutusi ooperi vallas. 60aastasena suri Madridis hispaania ooperidirigent Garcia Navarro

  14. The Necessity of the Literary Tradition: Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude."

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    Jupp, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that literature from other countries, taught as multicultural literature, must be taught in the context of its own literary tradition in order to provide high-quality academic instruction. Offers an example with Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude" to show how teaching multicultural literature can live up to…

  15. Effect of explant origin and different growth regulators on micropropagation of Pistacia atlantica ssp. mutica

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    Ali-Ashraf Mehrabi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Propagation of wild pistachio as a multipurpose woody species is a hard and tedious task. In this research, an effective in vitro protocol was developed for rapid proliferation of wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica ssp. mutica in MS medium supplemented with B5 vitamins and different growth regulators. Rooting of plantlets was tested by two treatments containing Rhizopon and IBA in ex vitro. With respect to the results, the nodal segments explants, produced the highest shoot frequency, leaf frequency and the tallest shoots. On the other hand, the tallest shoots were generated from shoot tip explant and medium containing of TDZ plus IAA. Both treatments (Rhizopon and IBA led to a remarkable increase in the number of roots, root length and rooting percentage compared to the control. These results may be applied for rapid proliferation to spread the pistachio trees and shrubs that are difficult and time consuming.

  16. Identification of the meiotic toolkit in diatoms and exploration of meiosis-specific SPO11 and RAD51 homologs in the sexual species Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata and Seminavis robusta.

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    Patil, Shrikant; Moeys, Sara; von Dassow, Peter; Huysman, Marie J J; Mapleson, Daniel; De Veylder, Lieven; Sanges, Remo; Vyverman, Wim; Montresor, Marina; Ferrante, Maria Immacolata

    2015-11-14

    Sexual reproduction is an obligate phase in the life cycle of most eukaryotes. Meiosis varies among organisms, which is reflected by the variability of the gene set associated to the process. Diatoms are unicellular organisms that belong to the stramenopile clade and have unique life cycles that can include a sexual phase. The exploration of five diatom genomes and one diatom transcriptome led to the identification of 42 genes potentially involved in meiosis. While these include the majority of known meiosis-related genes, several meiosis-specific genes, including DMC1, could not be identified. Furthermore, phylogenetic analyses supported gene identification and revealed ancestral loss and recent expansion in the RAD51 family in diatoms. The two sexual species Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata and Seminavis robusta were used to explore the expression of meiosis-related genes: RAD21, SPO11-2, RAD51-A, RAD51-B and RAD51-C were upregulated during meiosis, whereas other paralogs in these families showed no differential expression patterns, suggesting that they may play a role during vegetative divisions. An almost identical toolkit is shared among Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and Fragilariopsis cylindrus, as well as two species for which sex has not been observed, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Thalassiosira pseudonana, suggesting that these two may retain a facultative sexual phase. Our results reveal the conserved meiotic toolkit in six diatom species and indicate that Stramenopiles share major modifications of canonical meiosis processes ancestral to eukaryotes, with important divergences in each Kingdom.

  17. Magic Realism in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude

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    B.J Geetha

    2010-01-01

    In his One Hundred Years of Solitude Gabriel Garcia Marquez through the arsenal of magicrealism, deals with war, suffering, and death in the mid-1960 of Colombia which hadwitnessed two hundred thousand politically motivated deaths. The purpose behind portrayingthe politics of the region is to comment on how the nature of Latin American politics is towardsabsurdity, denial, and never-ending repetitions of tragedy. His magical flair is to mergefantastic with reality by introducing to the reader...

  18. Effects of Pistacia atlantica (subsp. Mutica oil extracts on antioxidant activities during experimentally induced cutaneous wound healing in rats

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    Ahmad Reza Hamidi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The fruits of Pistacia atlantica (subsp. mutica have been used traditionally for the treatment of peptic ulcer, as a mouth freshener and have recently been introduced as a source of antioxidant vegetable oils. The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of the gel forms, from P. atlantica (subsp. mutica oil extraction on enzymatic antioxidants in experimental wound created in rat. A square-shaped skin defect (2×2 cm was created aseptically by surgical excision at the first thoracic vertebrae. Then animals were randomly allocated in four groups (I, untreated controls; II, topically treated base gel; III, topically treated 5% gel; IV, topically treated 10% gel. Blood sampling was accomplished at 3, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days post-injury. Samples were collected for measuring antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase activity in red cells and lipid peroxidation (plasma malondialdehyde. The data analysis generally evidenced that the activities of the main antioxidant enzymes began to decrease significantly at 7 days after the wound was created in control and base gel groups. This remarkable decline became more evident in the period between 10 to 21 days post injury but increased progressively in P. atlantica (subsp. mutica treatment groups, especially in gel 10% treatment group during wound healing. The results of this study suggest that excision of the wound leads to oxidative stress and topical administration of P. atlantica (subsp. mutica gels causes remarkable changes in antioxidant parameter during wound closure (especially gel 10% via pro-oxidative, and antioxidant activity can improve oxidative stress.

  19. Increasing Drought Sensitivity and Decline of Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica in the Moroccan Middle Atlas Forests

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    Jesús Julio Camarero

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available An understanding of the interactions between climate change and forest structure on tree growth are needed for decision making in forest conservation and management. In this paper, we investigated the relative contribution of tree features and stand structure on Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica radial growth in forests that have experienced heavy grazing and logging in the past. Dendrochronological methods were applied to quantify patterns in basal-area increment and drought sensitivity of Atlas cedar in the Middle Atlas, northern Morocco. We estimated the tree-to-tree competition intensity and quantified the structure in Atlas cedar stands with contrasting tree density, age, and decline symptoms. The relative contribution of tree age and size and stand structure to Atlas cedar growth decline was estimated by variance partitioning using partial-redundancy analyses. Recurrent drought events and temperature increases have been identified from local climate records since the 1970s. We detected consistent growth declines and increased drought sensitivity in Atlas cedar across all sites since the early 1980s. Specifically, we determined that previous growth rates and tree age were the strongest tree features, while Quercus rotundifolia basal area was the strongest stand structure measure related to Atlas cedar decline. As a result, we suggest that Atlas cedar forests that have experienced severe drought in combination with grazing and logging may be in the process of shifting dominance toward more drought-tolerant species such as Q. rotundifolia.

  20. Urease inhibitory profile of extracts and chemical constituents of Pistacia atlantica ssp. cabulica Stocks.

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    Uddin, Ghias; Ismail; Rauf, Abdur; Raza, Muslim; Khan, Haroon; Nasruddin; Khan, Majid; Farooq, Umar; Khan, Ajmal; Arifullah

    2016-06-01

    The current study was designed to evaluate the urease inhibitory profile of extract and fractions of Pistacia atlantica ssp. cabulica Stocks followed by bioactivity-guided isolated compounds. The crude extract was found significantly active with urease inhibitor (95.40% at 0.2 mg/mL) with IC50 values of 32.0 ± 0.28 μg/mL. Upon fractionation, ethyl acetate fraction displayed 100% urease inhibition with IC50 values of 19.9 ± 0.51 μg/mL at 0.2 mg/mL. However, n-hexane and chloroform fractions exhibited insignificant urease inhibition. Similarly, the isolated compound, transilitin (1) and dihydro luteolin (2) demonstrated marked urease attenuation with 95 and 98% respectively, at 0.15 mg/mL. Both the isolated compounds showed marked potency with IC50 values of 8.54 ± 0.54 and 9.58 ± 2.22 μg/mL, respectively. In short, both the extract and fractions and isolated compounds showed marked urease inhibition and thus a useful natural source of urease inhibition.

  1. Effect of cold and scarification on seeds germination of pistacia atlantica l. for rapid multiplication

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    Meziou, C.; Merabet, A. [University of Boumerdes (Algeria). Dept. of Biology

    2014-03-15

    This study was carried out to determine the effects of mechanical scarification and cold treatment of seeds at + 4 degree C before sowing seed of Pistacia atlantica. In these cases, the durations at cold temperature, which have been taken into account, are successively 60, 50, 40, and 30 days. After these periods, the rate of germination and the speed of germination are calculated every 4 days. The rates of germinations concerning the not scarified seeds having undergone a cold treatment lasting 50 days are the most important that is a value of 39% from the 09-05-2010 until the 29-05-2010. The speed germination is maximum that is 89 germinated seeds /4 days. In addition this same rate reaches a maximum of 70%. Concerning the pistachio tree seeds of the atlas treated mechanically with duration of cold treatment at + 4 degree C during 30 days. For the same category of seed the speed of germination is maximum that is 214 seeds/4 days. Thus the scarification and the 30 days stay are the fastest means which allow to obtain the seedlings of pistachio tree in a rather short time. (author)

  2. A new anoplocephalid (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from Gallotia atlantica (Reptilia, Lacertidae) in the Canary Islands, Spain.

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    Foronda, Pilar; Abreu-Acosta, Néstor; Casanova, Juan Carlos; Ribas, Alexis; Valladares, Basilio

    2009-06-01

    A new species of anoplocephalid cestode is described from Gallotia atlantica (Reptilia, Lacertidae) on the Canary Islands, Spain. Oochoristica feliui n. sp. belongs to the group of Oochoristica spp. having circular suckers and fewer than 25 testes in a single cluster: O. lygosomae Burt, 1933; O. lygosomatis Skinker, 1935; O. elongata Dupouy et Kechemir, 1973; O. jonnesi Bursey, McAllister and Freed, 1997; O. junkea Johri, 1950; O. macallisteri Bursey and Goldberg, 1996; O. novaezelandae Schmidt and Allison, 1985; O. parvogenitalis Dupouy and Kechemir, 1973; and O. sobolevi (Spasskii, 1948) Spaskii, 1951. Oochoristica feliui n. sp. differs from these species in a variety of characters such as the number of proglottids, size of the scolex and suckers, presence of a neck, size and shape of the ovary (divided into 5-6 lobules), ovoid shape of the vitelline gland, a spined cirrus, size of eggs, oncosphere and oncosphere hooks, and the presence of 2 osmoregulatory canals. Gallotia spp. are endemic to the Canary Islands. This is the first report of an adult cestode species in this lizard.

  3. Associações entre Cinara atlantica, seus inimigos naturais e formigas

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    Susete do Rocio Chiarello Penteado

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The study of the relationship between species or populations is an excellent tool to learn about ecological phenomena. Among the possible interaction between two species, it is highlighted the mutualism between ants and insects that produce honeydew. While honeydew is "garbage" for the aphids it can be a food source for ants. The type of interaction between aphids and their natural enemies, known as "intraguild predation" or predation of natural enemies that share the same prey is an interaction that occurs in aphid communities. The majority of natural enemies in this system interact asymmetrically according to differences in body size, feeding strategy and priorities of each species. In agroecosystems, the consequence of this relation becomes particularly important for the biological control of pests of economic importance. In Brazil, few publications refer to the association among ants, aphids and their natural enemies, specifically in forest areas. Thus, this work had the objective to review studies regarding these association and discuss a field observed case involving the giant conifer aphid, Cinara atlantica (Hemiptera: Aphididae, its natural enemies and the ants Solenopsis invicta and Camponotus rufipes, occurring on Pinus taeda.

  4. Ecological response of Cedrus atlantica to climate variability in the Massif of Guetiane (Algeria

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    Said Slimani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study: The study analyzes the long-term response of Atlas cedar, Cedrus atlantica (Manneti, to climate variability. Area of study: Atlas cedar forest of Guetiane (Batna, Algeria.Material and methods: The dendrochronological approach was adopted. An Atlas cedar tree-ring chronology was established from twenty trees. The response of the species to climate variability was assessed through the pointer years (PYs, the common climate signal among the individual chronologies, expressed by the first component (PC1, the mean sensitivity (msx, and response function and correlations analysis involving the tree-ring index and climate data (monthly mean temperature and total precipitation.Results: The highest growth variability was registered from the second half of the 20th century. The lower than the mean PYs, the PC1, and the msx increased markedly during the studied period. Dramatic increases in the PC1 and msx were detected at the end of the 1970s, reflecting a shift towards drier conditions enhancing an increasing trend towards more synchronous response of trees to climate conditions. The response function and correlations analysis showed that tree growth was mainly influenced by precipitation variability.Research highlights: Our findings provide baseline knowledge concerning the ecological response of Atlas cedar to climate variability in in its southern distribution limit, where a high level of tree mortality has been observed during recent decades, coinciding with the driest period Algeria has ever experienced. This information is vital to support ongoing ecosystem management efforts in the region. Keywords: Atlas cedar; annual growth variability; dieback; dendrochronology. 

  5. Temperature effects on the immature development time of Culex eduardoi Casal and Garcia (Diptera: Culicidae)

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    Loetti, V.; Schweigmann, N.J.; Burroni, N.E., E-mail: nburroni@ege.fcen.uba.a [Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Grupo de Estudio de Mosquitos

    2011-01-15

    The effect of constant temperatures on the development time from first instar to adult emergence was studied in Culex eduardoi Casal and Garcia reared at 7, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 or 33 deg C. Data were adjusted to the linear degree-day model and the nonlinear Briere model. According to the linear model, the development time was inversely related to the rearing temperatures between 7 deg C and 25 deg C. Maximum mortality (100%) was recorded at temperatures > 30 deg C. According to the linear model, the development threshold temperature and thermal constant were 5.7 deg C and 188.8 degree days, respectively. The lower and upper threshold temperatures and the optimum temperature for the nonlinear model were -2.3, 30.0 and 28.1 deg C, respectively. (author)

  6. The Effect of Pistacia atlantica Var. mutica Mouthwash on Dental Plaque Bacteria and Subgingival Microorganisms: a Randomized and Controlled Triple-blind Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arami, S; Mojaddadi, M A; Pourabbas, R; Chitsaz, M T; Delazar, A; Mobayen, H

    2015-09-01

    Dental plaque is a well-documented etiologic factor for periodontal diseases. While chlorhexidine (CHX) is the gold-standard agent for treating dental plaques, undesirable side effects are often found after continuous use of the mouthwash. Therefore, this single-center, randomized, triple-blinded and clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of Pistacia atlantica Var. mutica extract mouthwash on de novo dental plaque bacteria and subgingival microorganisms compared to CHX on a total of 28 patients. The mean aerobic plaque bacterial count of patients at baseline was 2.17 × 10(6). After 4 days of treatment, there were statistically significant decreases in the mean aerobic bacteria in the patients who received P. atlantica and/or CHX (7.25 × 10(4), p = 0.006) and (9.91 × 10(3), p = 0.002), respectively, compared to the patients who received the placebo (6.26 × 10(5)). This study showed that P. atlantica mouthwash is effective against gingival microorganisms. Because of its reduced side effects, P. atlantica mouthwash may be a good alternative choice for patients. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. El Poder de Cambiar: La Experiencia del Proyecto Costa Atlantica de Colombia (The Power To Change: The Experience of the Atlantic Coast Project in Columbia, 1977-1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chetley, Andrew

    In 1977, the Bernard van Leer Foundation began supporting a project in Colombia that had the objective of improving the quality of early childhood care and education in a small village. The Costa Atlantica project offered an approach to development that was based on community organization, social management, participation, cooperation, popular…

  8. Recent volcanism and mitochondrial DNA structuring in the lizard Gallotia atlantica from the island of Lanzarote.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloor, P; Kemp, S J; Brown, R P

    2008-02-01

    The phylogeography of the lacertid lizard Gallotia atlantica from the small volcanic island of Lanzarote (Canary Islands) was analysed based on 1075 bp of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence (partial cytochrome b and ND2) for 157 individuals from 27 sites (including three sites from neighbouring islets). Levels of sequence divergence were generally low, with the most distant haplotypes separated by only 14 mutational steps. MtDNA divergence appears to coincide with formation of the middle Pleistocene lowland that united formerly separate ancient islands to form the current island of Lanzarote, allowing rejection of a two-island model of phylogeographical structure. There was evidence of large-scale population expansion after island unification, consistent with the colonization of new areas. A nested clade phylogeographical analysis (NCPA) revealed significant phylogeographical structuring. Two-step and higher-level clades each had disjunct distributions, being found to the east and west of a common area with a north-south orientation that extends between coasts in the centre-east of the island (El Jable). Other clades were almost entirely restricted to the El Jable region alone. Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo analyses were used to separate ongoing gene flow from historical associations. These supported the NCPA by indicating recent (75,000-150,000 years ago) east-west vicariance across the El Jable region. Lava flows covered El Jable and other parts of the central lowland at this time and likely led to population extinctions and temporary dispersal barriers, although present-day evidence suggests some populations would have survived in small refugia. Expansion of the latter appears to explain the presence of a clade located between the eastern and western components of the disjunct clades. Direct relationships between mtDNA lineages and morphology were not found, although one of two morphological forms on the island has a disjunct distribution that is broadly

  9. Ciclo biológico e predação de três espécies de coccinelídeos (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae sobre o pulgão-gigante-do-pinus Cinara atlantica (Wilson (Hemiptera, Aphididae Biological cycle and predation of three coccinellid species (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae on giant conifer aphid Cinara atlantica (Wilson (Hemiptera, Aphididae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nádia Cristina de Oliveira

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Afídeos do gênero Cinara Curtis são importantes pragas de coníferas em vários países. No Brasil Cinara atlantica (Wilson, 1919 tem causado danos em plantações comerciais de Pinus spp. e o controle biológico com predadores pode ser uma opção melhor que o controle químico. Este trabalho teve por objetivo estudar a biologia e a capacidade de predação dos coccinelídeos Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville, 1842, Cycloneda sanguinea (Linnaeus, 1763 e Eriopis connexa (German, 1824 (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae sobre ninfas de C. atlantica. O estudo foi conduzido sob condições controladas (temperatura: 23 ± 1ºC, UR: 70 ± 10% e fotofase: 14 h.. Foi verificado que ninfas de C. atlantica são adequadas como alimento para as três espécies de coccinelídeos, assegurando seu desenvolvimento e reprodução. H. convergens e C. sanguinea apresentaram maior longevidade e capacidade de reprodução e também maior capacidade de predação (3832 e 3633 ninfas de C. atlantica em comparação a 2735 ninfas consumidas por E. connexa durante o ciclo completo, respectivamente para as espécies. Estas espécies de predadores podem contribuir para a redução da população de Cinara no campo.The aphids of the genus Cinara Curtis are important pests of conifers in several countries. In Brazil, Cinara atlantica (Wilson, 1919 has damaged commercial plantations of Pinus spp. and biological control with predators can be a better option than chemical control. The objective of this work was to study biology and predation potential of coccinellids Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville, 1842, Cycloneda sanguinea (Linnaeus, 1763 and Eriopis connexa (German, 1824 (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae on nymphs of C. atlantica. The study was carried out under controlled conditions (temperature: 23 ± 1ºC, RH: 70 ± 10% and fotophase: 14 h. It was verified that C. atlantica nymphs are adequate as food for the three coccinellid species, assuring their development and

  10. Political Ecology in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude

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    Eman Mohammed ElSherief

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The roots of ecology prolong profoundly within earlier phases of history, when the naturalistic fabric was first evinced.  Bringing out his On the Origin of Species in 1859, Darwin not merely engendered a biological culmination but also heralded the revolutionary critical canon of naturalism that was virtually a stone thrown in the vast stagnant lake of traditional literature. Via the naturalistic lens, the whole bulk of man’s behavioral attributes are being expounded in terms of milieu and heredity. The mid-1990s witnessed the publication of The Environmental Imagination by Lawrence Buell in 1995, and The Ecocriticism Reader edited by Cheryll Gloffelty and Harold Fromm in 1996, which palpably underpinned ecocriticism as revolving around the inextricable liaison between literature and the physical environment. The political ecology term was coined to further scrutinize relations among people that pertain to nature. The present paper is an endeavor to pursue the ecological tenor of Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s landmark novel, One Hundred Years of Solitude, and how it was admirably exploited to address precarious postcolonial issues. Keywords: Political ecology, Marquez, naturalism, ecocriticism, post-colonialism.

  11. Study of four plants with traditional medicinal use cultivated in the Huetar Norte and Atlantica regions of Costa Rica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moreira-Gonzalez, Ileana; Arnaez Serrano, Elizabeth; Murillo-Masis, Renato; Quesada Mora, Silvia; Castro Araya, Victor; Zamora Ramirez, William; Navarro-Hoyos, Mirtha; Cordero-Hernandez, Meliza; Loaiza-Cardenas, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    The advance in the domestication process of Phyllanthus niruri (chanca stone), Senna reticulata (Saragundi), Pettiveria alliaceae (Garlic) and Phyllanthus acuminatus (Chilillo) is highlighted, also phytochemistry and biological potential using techniques towards the establishment of protocols that ensure the proper use. At the same time, in a systematic way, good specific farming practice were introduced for the four species in groups of communities from the Huetar Norte and Huetar Atlantica regions. The purpose has been to support the use of these plants in a sustainable way. The transfer of results regarding good practices as well as knowledge on polyphenol contents and biological potential to the target groups has sought to support capacity building looking to improve their insertion in productive chains within communities, as an alternative livelihood, thus providing, in addition to academic scientific development through basic research results, socioeconomic and environmentally sustainable development. (author) [es

  12. Manual versus Automated Rodent Behavioral Assessment: Comparing Efficacy and Ease of Bederson and Garcia Neurological Deficit Scores to an Open Field Video-Tracking System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desland, Fiona A; Afzal, Aqeela; Warraich, Zuha; Mocco, J

    2014-01-01

    Animal models of stroke have been crucial in advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Currently, the standards for determining neurological deficit in rodents are the Bederson and Garcia scales, manual assessments scoring animals based on parameters ranked on a narrow scale of severity. Automated open field analysis of a live-video tracking system that analyzes animal behavior may provide a more sensitive test. Results obtained from the manual Bederson and Garcia scales did not show significant differences between pre- and post-stroke animals in a small cohort. When using the same cohort, however, post-stroke data obtained from automated open field analysis showed significant differences in several parameters. Furthermore, large cohort analysis also demonstrated increased sensitivity with automated open field analysis versus the Bederson and Garcia scales. These early data indicate use of automated open field analysis software may provide a more sensitive assessment when compared to traditional Bederson and Garcia scales.

  13. Manual versus Automated Rodent Behavioral Assessment: Comparing Efficacy and Ease of Bederson and Garcia Neurological Deficit Scores to an Open Field Video-Tracking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiona A. Desland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Animal models of stroke have been crucial in advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Currently, the standards for determining neurological deficit in rodents are the Bederson and Garcia scales, manual assessments scoring animals based on parameters ranked on a narrow scale of severity. Automated open field analysis of a live-video tracking system that analyzes animal behavior may provide a more sensitive test. Results obtained from the manual Bederson and Garcia scales did not show significant differences between pre- and post-stroke animals in a small cohort. When using the same cohort, however, post-stroke data obtained from automated open field analysis showed significant differences in several parameters. Furthermore, large cohort analysis also demonstrated increased sensitivity with automated open field analysis versus the Bederson and Garcia scales. These early data indicate use of automated open field analysis software may provide a more sensitive assessment when compared to traditional Bederson and Garcia scales.

  14. Mine Waste and Acute Warming Induce Energetic Stress in the Deep-Sea Sponge Geodia atlantica and Coral Primnoa resedeaformis; Results From a Mesocosm Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elliot Scanes

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available There is the potential for climate change to interact with pollution in all of the Earth's oceans. In the fjords of Norway, mine tailings are released into fjords generating suspended sediment plumes that impact deep-sea ecosystems. These same deep-sea ecosystems are expected to undergo periodic warming as climate change increases the frequency of down-welling events in fjords. It remains unknown how a polluted deep-sea ecosystem would respond to down-welling because multiple stressors will often interact in unpredictable ways. Here, we exposed two deep-sea foundation species; the gorgonian coral Primnoa resedaeformis and the demosponge Geodia atlantica to suspended sediment (10 mg L−1 and acute warming (+5°C in a factorial mesocosm experiment for 40 days. Physiology (respiration, nutrient flux and cellular responses (lysosomal cell stability were measured for both the coral and sponge. Exposure to elevated suspended sediment reduced metabolism, supressed silicate uptake and induced cellular instability of the sponge G. atlantica. However, combining sediment with warming caused G. atlantica to respire and excrete nitrogen at a greater rate. For the coral P. resedaeformis, suspended sediments reduced O:N ratios after 40 days, however, warming had a greater effect on P. resedaeformis physiology compared to sediment. Warming increased respiration, nitrogen excretion, and cellular instability which resulted in lower O:N ratios. We argue that suspended sediment and warming can act alone and also interact to cause significant harm to deep-sea biota, however responses are likely to be species-specific. Warming and pollution could interact in the deep-sea to cause mortality to the coral P. resedaeformis and to a lesser extent, the sponge G. atlantica. As foundation species, reducing the abundance of deep sea corals and sponges would likely impact the ecosystems they support.

  15. Elimination of browning exudate and in vitro development of shoots in Pistacia vera L. cv. mateur and Pistacia atlantica Desf. Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Trujillo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report diminution and/or elimination of browning exudate followed by in vitro establishment of in Pistacia vera cv. mateur and Pistacia atlantica explants. Soaking P. vera cv. mateur explants prior to culture in L-cysteine HCl for 15 min (100 µM inhibits blackening of the modified Murashige and Skoog medium - MS + 400 mg/l NH4NO3 - and of the explants; while shoot formation was increased. The browning in P. vera cv. mateur and P. atlantica explants dissolved when modified MS and Quoirin and Lepoivre - QL.4 - media were supplemented with activated charcoal (from 1 to 3 g l-1 and with 4 and 8 days of darkness. These treatments were enough to eliminate browning from the explants and to improve the shoots elongation, but symptoms of chlorosis were detected. On the other hand, AgNO3 (from 15 to 40 µ1V1 showed a very strong antibrowning effect on the medium and explants of P. atlantica. Thus shoot organogenesis was best achieved and the developing sturdy shoots had large and green leaves.

  16. The advertisement call of Bokermannohyla flavopicta Leite, Pezzuti & Garcia, 2012 (Anura: Hylidae) from the mountains of Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Pedro Carvalho; Thompson, Julia Resende; Leite, Felipe Sá Fortes; Garcia, Paulo Christiano De Anchietta

    2016-01-07

    Bokermannohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler (2005) is a Brazilian treefrog genus currently composed of 32 species (Brandão et al. 2012; Leite et al. 2012; Frost 2015). The genus comprehends four, putatively monophyletic, species groups: B. circumdata, B. claresignata, B. martinsi, and B. pseudopseudis (sensu Faivovich et al. 2005). The B. pseudopseudis group includes nine species: B. alvarengai (Bokermann 1956), B. flavopicta Leite et al. 2012, B. ibitiguara (Cardoso 1983), B. itapoty Lugli & Haddad 2006a, B. oxente Lugli & Haddad 2006b, B. pseudopseudis (Miranda-Ribeiro 1937), B. sagarana Leite et al. 2011, B. sapiranga Brandão et al. 2012, and B. saxicola (Bokermann 1964).

  17. Suitable Methods in Spatial Pattern Analysis of Heterogeneous Wild Pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf. Woodlands in Zagros, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Erfanifard

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Spatial pattern of trees in forests reveals how trees interact with each other and their environment. Spatial structure of trees in forest ecosystems is affected by environmental heterogeneity that leads to their heterogeneous distribution. This study was aimed to investigate the appropriate methods to analyze spatial pattern of heterogeneous wild pistachio woodlands in Zagros, Iran. A 40-ha pure stand of wild pistachio trees (Pistacia atlantica Desf. was selected in Wild Pistachio Research Forest in Fars Province for this purpose. The Kolmogrov-Smirnov test of goodness-of-fit of inhomogeneous Poisson point process showed that the distribution of wild pistachio trees was significantly heterogeneous (α=0.05. Inhomogeneous Ripley's K-, L-, and G-functions were applied beside their homogeneous forms. Inhomogeneous Ripley's K- and L-functions showed that wild pistachio trees were primarily clumped and dispersedly distributed thereafter, while g(r not only showed these results but also well expressed the detailed changes in spatial scale. The results of inappropriate homogeneous functions in the study area showed that all three functions expressed the primary clumping of the trees more than it was and their dispersed pattern as clumped. In general, it was concluded that inhomogeneous functions should be applied to analyze the spatial pattern of heterogeneous wild pistachio trees in the study area and it is recommended to develop g(r applications due to its more detailed information

  18. Evaluation of inter-specific hybrid of P. atlantica and P. vera L. cv. ‘Badami Riz-e-Zarand’ as pistachio rootstock to salinity stress according to some growth indices and eco-physiological and biochemical parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Karimi, Hamid; MALEKI-KUHBANANI; Roosta, H.

    2014-01-01

    In order to evaluate the inter-specific hybrid of P. atlantica Desf. and P. vera L. cv. ‘Badami- Riz-e- Zarand’ to salinity stress, a factorial experiment was conducted based on completely randomized design with 0, 60 and 120 mM of salinity levels of sodium chloride, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride (3:2:1) with four replications on ‘Qazvini’, ‘Badami-Riz-e-Zarand’ and inter-specific of P. atlantica Ч P. vera cv. ‘Badami-Rize-Zarand’ rootstocks of pistachio. The results showed that sa...

  19. Helminths from an introduced species (Tupinambis merianae), and two endemic species (Trachylepis atlantica and Amphisbaena ridley) from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramalho, A C O; da Silva, R J; Schwartz, H O; Péres, A K

    2009-08-01

    The present study reports the occurrence of helminths in the introduced species Tupinambis merianae (tegu lizard), and in two endemic species Trachylepis atlantica (small lizard) and Amphisbaena ridleyi (two-head-snake lizard ), from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Nine species of helminths were found, mainly in the digestive tract and accessory organs, with the following prevalence (P) and mean infection intensity (MII). Tupinambis merianae: Diaphanocephalus galeatus (P = 96%, MII = 20.5), Spinicauda spinicauda (P = 100%, MII = 197.8), and Oochoristica sp.l (P = 20%, MII = 4.4). Trachylepis atlantica: Moaciria alvarengai (P = 20%, MII = 1.4), S. spinicauda (P = 92%, MII = 22.1), Mesocoelium monas (P = 4%, MII = 3.0), Platynosomum sp. (P = 8%, MII = 7.0), and Oochoristica sp.2 (P = 16%, MII = 1.25). Amphisbaena ridleyi: Aplectana albae (P = 96%, MII = 143.4), Thelandros alvarengai (P = 4%, MII = 1.0), Me. monas (P = 44%, MII = 2.8), Platynosomum sp. (P = 36%; MII = 13.8), and Oochoristica sp.2 (P = 48%; MII = 2.17). More than 80% of T. merianae were infected with 2, or more, helminth species. In Tr. atlantica, single-species infections were present in 50% of the specimens, but co-occurrence of 2 parasites was also high (41.7%). In A. ridleyi, multiple infections were more common, with up to 5 parasite species present. The helminth fauna observed allowed us to conclude that helminths can be carried together with their host when they colonize new geographic localities and that these introduced helminths can, in turn, colonize endemic, or native, hosts.

  20. Effect of essential oil of Pistacia atlantica subsp. Kurdica gum on growth of Penicillium citrinum and organoleptic properties of UF-cheese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh Ostowar

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, due to the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of essential oil and the trend towards the substitution of chemical materials by natural ones, the use of this natural product is prevalent. The essential oil of Pistacia atlantica subsp. kurdica is among essential oils which demonstrate antimicrobial activity against some microorganisms. In Iran, the growth of mould on UF-cheese has been a constant problem resulted in the increased number of returns. The most common type of cheese contamination among fungi is Penicillium, especially P. citrinum. This study investigates the effect of P. atlantica subsp. kurdicaʼs essential oil on the growth of P. citrinum in culture media and UF-cheese. According to the results, the essential oil with concentration of 2500 µL/L reduced the growth of P. citrinum in culture medium and its minimum inhibitory concentration was estimated at 3000 µL/L. The effective inhibitory concentration of the essential oil on the growth of fungus on cheese was 24000 µL/L. From the organoleptic point of view, the use of this essential oil in cheese is partly acceptable.

  1. Effect of Pistacia Atlantica Extract on Glutathione Peroxidase Tissue Levels and Total Oxidative Capacity of Liver and Plasma Lipid Profile of Rats

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    Parvin Farzanegi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Exercise causes increased oxygen consumption, leaving cells exposed to oxidative stress. Antioxidants may have a protective effect by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. Thus, this study aims to examine the effect of Pistacia atlantica extract on glutathione peroxidase levels and total oxidative capacity of liver and plasma lipid profile of rats. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 28 female rats’ weight 155.8±2.7 grams were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups of exercise-saline, control-saline, exercise-mastic, and control-mastic. The exercise groups exercised for 8 weeks (5 days per week, 60 minutes daily, 25 meters per minute, on a zero degree slope. The rats received equal volumes of mastic and saline orally for 4 weeks. Blood and tissue samples were taken 72 hours after the last exercise session. Data were analyzed using one-way variance analysis (ANOVA.Results: Consumption of Pistacia atlantica extract together with endurance exercising for 8 weeks did not significantly affect glutathione peroxidase concentration, total oxidative capacity, LDL, triglyceride, or cholesterol, but significantly reduced HDL (p=0.002.Conclusion: Results showed that antioxidant and lipid profile levels were not affected by consumption of supplements and endurance exercising. However, further studies are required to assess the long term effects of this herbal extract.

  2. Five Pistacia species (P. vera, P. atlantica, P. terebinthus, P. khinjuk, and P. lentiscus: A Review of Their Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology

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    Mahbubeh Bozorgi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pistacia, a genus of flowering plants from the family Anacardiaceae, contains about twenty species, among them five are more popular including P. vera, P. atlantica, P. terebinthus, P. khinjuk, and P. lentiscus. Different parts of these species have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes like tonic, aphrodisiac, antiseptic, antihypertensive and management of dental, gastrointestinal, liver, urinary tract, and respiratory tract disorders. Scientific findings also revealed the wide pharmacological activities from various parts of these species, such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, anticholinesterase, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antidiabetic, antitumor, antihyperlipidemic, antiatherosclerotic, and hepatoprotective activities and also their beneficial effects in gastrointestinal disorders. Various types of phytochemical constituents like terpenoids, phenolic compounds, fatty acids, and sterols have also been isolated and identified from different parts of Pistacia species. The present review summarizes comprehensive information concerning ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of the five mentioned Pistacia species.

  3. Digamacris n. gen. (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Melanoplinae de la region atlantica meridional de Brasil Digamacris n. gen. (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Melanoplinae from the Atlantic Meridional region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos S. Carbonell

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Digamacris, a new genus of the Dichroplini (Acrididae, Melanoplinae is described for the species Pezotettix amoenus Stal, 1878 and Dichroplus fratemus Carl, 1916, both included at present in the genus Dichroplus. These species live in edges and clearings of the Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlantica of Brazil. D. fratemus is found in the states of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro east of the Bay of Guanabara. D. amoenus in the state of Rio de Janeiro W. of the Bay of Guanabara and in the coastal area of the state of São Paulo. The species are illustrated and redescribed. Both have two neatly different chromatic forms of females, while the males are uniform in coloration and closely correspond with one of the female forms.

  4. THE OLIGARCH AND THE PAINTBRUSHES: A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF ANDREU GARCIA, PRIEST = EL OLIGARCA Y LOS PINCELES: BREVE SEMBLANZA DEL PRESBÍTERO ANDREU GARCÍA

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    Encarna Montero Tortajada

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The documents regarding the Valencian priest Andreu Garcia († November 1452 show a quite interesting character. Garcia’s family belonged to local oligarchy. Moreover, he had a substantial income related with the Cathedral. He had contact, too, with Carthusians, Observant Friars and probably with Beghards (the books of his library suggest this last idea. Garcia took part, as an intermediary or as a sponsor, in many artistic orders that involved the best workers and the best customers of the city. Besides, he had a strong relationship with painters like Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià and Joan Reixac. The priest could also have practiced painting, judging by the belongings that were found in his house after his death.La documentación referida al presbítero valenciano Andreu Garcia, muerto en noviembre de 1452, dibuja un perfil bien particular. Garcia fue miembro desde su nacimiento de la oligarquía ciudadana. Presbítero beneficiado en la Catedral, se relacionó también con la orden cartujana, con los franciscanos observantes y probablemente con los beguinos (los títulos de su biblioteca apuntan también a una espiritualidad afín a estos grupos. Además, participó como mediador o como promotor en muchos encargos que implicaron a lo más granado de la menestralía artística local, y a los clientes más notables de la ciudad. Más allá de esto, mantuvo fuertes vínculos personales con varios artistas (sobre todo con Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià y Joan Reixac, y parece ser que practicó él mismo la pintura, a juzgar por los enseres que se encontraron en su domicilio tras su muerte.

  5. Manual versus Automated Rodent Behavioral Assessment: Comparing Efficacy and Ease of Bederson and Garcia Neurological Deficit Scores to an Open Field Video-Tracking System

    OpenAIRE

    Fiona A. Desland; Aqeela Afzal; Zuha Warraich; J Mocco

    2014-01-01

    Animal models of stroke have been crucial in advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Currently, the standards for determining neurological deficit in rodents are the Bederson and Garcia scales, manual assessments scoring animals based on parameters ranked on a narrow scale of severity. Automated open field analysis of a live-video tracking system that analyzes animal behavior may provide a more sensitive test. Results obtained from the manual Bederson and Garc...

  6. Distribuição sazonal de Culex (Culex eduardoi Casal & Garcia (Diptera, Culicidae em criadouros antrópicos introduzidos em mata residual degradada, área urbana de Curitiba, Paraná,Brasil Seazonal distribution of Culex (Culex eduardoi Casal & Garcia (Diptera, Culicidae in artificial receptacles in disturbed patch of forest degraded inurban area of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Clara Vieira da Costa Ribeiro

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available The utilization of artificial receptacles to oviposition by mosquitoes in forest environment may indicate a sinantropic tendency or behaviour. Our data revealed that tires were as the most acceptable breeding for Culex (Culex eduardoi Casal & Garcia 1968.The population density of this species was higher and summer seasons.

  7. Temperature profile and nutrients data collected using bottle and CTD casts from the GARCIA DEL CID in the Mediterranean Sea from 02 November 1996 to 08 November 1996 (NODC Accession 0000875)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and nutrients data were collected using bottle and CTD casts in the Mediterranean Sea from the GARCIA DEL CID. Data were collected from 02...

  8. Circular geodesic of Bardeen and Ayon-Beato-Garcia regular black-hole and no-horizon spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Schee, Jan

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, we study circular geodesic motion of test particles and photons in the Bardeen and Ayon-Beato-Garcia (ABG) geometry describing spherically symmetric regular black-hole or no-horizon spacetimes. While the Bardeen geometry is not exact solution of Einstein's equations, the ABG spacetime is related to self-gravitating charged sources governed by Einstein's gravity and nonlinear electrodynamics. They both are characterized by the mass parameter m and the charge parameter g. We demonstrate that in similarity to the Reissner-Nordstrom (RN) naked singularity spacetimes an antigravity static sphere should exist in all the no-horizon Bardeen and ABG solutions that can be surrounded by a Keplerian accretion disc. However, contrary to the RN naked singularity spacetimes, the ABG no-horizon spacetimes with parameter g/m > 2 can contain also an additional inner Keplerian disc hidden under the static antigravity sphere. Properties of the geodesic structure are reflected by simple observationally relevant optical phenomena. We give silhouette of the regular black-hole and no-horizon spacetimes, and profiled spectral lines generated by Keplerian rings radiating at a fixed frequency and located in strong gravity region at or nearby the marginally stable circular geodesics. We demonstrate that the profiled spectral lines related to the regular black-holes are qualitatively similar to those of the Schwarzschild black-holes, giving only small quantitative differences. On the other hand, the regular no-horizon spacetimes give clear qualitative signatures of their presence while compared to the Schwarschild spacetimes. Moreover, it is possible to distinguish the Bardeen and ABG no-horizon spacetimes, if the inclination angle to the observer is known.

  9. The Evaluation of the Effect of Multiwall Carbon Nano Tube (MWCNT) on In Vitro Proliferation and Shoot Tip Necrosis of Pistachio Rootstock UCB-1 (Pistacia integrima × P. atlantica)

    OpenAIRE

    Shahrzad Aghasi Kermani; Hossein Hokmabadi; Marzieh Ghanbari Jahromi

    2017-01-01

    UCB-1 (Pistacia atlantica × P. integrima) is a commercial rootstock for pistachio in some pistachio plantations across the world. This rootstock is very new in Iran and recently, it has been used commercially in some plantations due to its high growth. Propagation of this rootstock by tissue culture results in many limitations such as shoot tip necrosis (STN) and a low proliferation rate. Therefore, any process that leads to improve the proliferation rate and feature will be used in commercia...

  10. Physical and chemical properties of soils under some wild Pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf) canopies in a semi-arid ecosystem, southwestern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owliaie, Hamidreza

    2010-05-01

    Pistacia atlantica Desf. is one of the most important wild species in Zagros forests which is of high economical and environmental value. Sustainability of these forests primarily depends on soil quality and water availability. Study the relationships between trees and soil is one of the basic factors in management and planning of forests. Hence, this study was undertaken with the objective of assessing the effect of tree species on soil physical and chemical properties in a semi-arid region (Kohgilouye Province) in the southwestern part of Iran. The experimental design was a factorial 4×2 (4 depths and 2 distances) in a randomized complete block design with six replications. Soil samples (0-20, 20-40, 40-60 and 60-80 cm depth) were taken from beneath the tree crowns and adjacent open areas. Soil samples were analyzed for physical and chemical properties. The results showed that wild pistachio canopy increased mostly organic carbon, hydraulic conductivity, total N, SP, available K+, P (olsen), EC, EDTA extractable Fe2+ and Mn2+, while bulk density, CCE and DTPA extractable Cu2+ were decreased. Pistachio canopy had no significant effect on soil texture, Zn2+ and pH.

  11. Abundance and activity of soil microorganisms in Cedrus atlantica forests are more related to land use than to altitude or latitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez Rojas, Irene; Perez Fernandez, María; Moreno Gallardo, Laura; Lechuga Ordoñez, Victor; Linares, Juan Carlos

    2016-04-01

    Several environmental traits might change the abundance and the function of soil microorganisms in forest soils by plant-mediated reactions. Few studies have related the landscape-scale forest structural diversity with the micro-scale distribution of microorganism and their activities. High mountain environments harbor ecosystems that are very sensitive to global change and hence highly vulnerable, as those of Atlantic cedar. Altitudinal gradients in mountains are orrelated with changes in vegetation. We propose that altitudinal gradients drive shifts in microbial communities and are correlated with land uses. Thus, the latitudinal and longitudinal pattern of abundance and activity of soil micro-organisms was studied in an intercontinental comparison. We investigate soil extractable organic carbon (EOC) and nitrogen and carbon, microbial biomass and microbial metabolic activities at eight different sites along the latitudinal range of Cedrus atlantica, covering different altitudes and soils characteristics both in Southern Spain and Northern Morocco. Analyses of the abundances of total bacteria, (16S rRNA gene), was conducted using the Ilumina metagenomics technique. Results show that the stands at the highest altitudes had distinct microbial and biochemical characteristics compared with other areas. Overall, microbial activity, as measured by soil respiration, is higher in forests subjected to lower human pressure than in stands highly degraded, probably reflecting the quality of litter input that results of the influence of local assemblage of different tree, shrub and annual species, though changes in the soil N and C contents. Indeed, total soil C and N contents explained the microbial properties at every scale. Our results suggest that in contrast to the observed pronounced altitudinal changes, the kind of human-mediate land management has a stronger role in defining changes in microbial composition and activities in the investigated forest systems.

  12. Evaluation of Inter-Specific Hybrid of P. atlantica and P. vera L. cv. ‘Badami - Riz-e-Zarand’ as Pistachio rootstock to Salinity Stress According to Some Growth Indices and Eco-physiological and Biochemical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Karimi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the inter-specific hybrid of P. atlantica Desf. and P. vera L. cv. ‘Badami- Riz-e- Zarand’ to salinity stress, a factorial experiment was conducted based on completely randomized design with 0, 60 and 120 mM of salinity levels of sodium chloride, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride (3:2:1 with four replications on ‘Qazvini’, ‘Badami-Riz-e-Zarand’ and inter-specific of P. atlantica Ч P. vera cv. ‘Badami-Rize-Zarand’ rootstocks of pistachio. The results showed that salinity has increased proline content of leaves. Chlorophyll index, relative water content of leaf, leaf area, shoot and root fresh and dry weight, stem diameter and number of leaves were decreased by increasing salinity. Rootstocks responded differently to salinity, so that the most reduction in chlorophyll index, leaf area and leaf number were observed in ‘Badami-Riz-e-Zarand’ rootstock and the least reduction was observed in the hybrid.

  13. PH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1984-02-18 to 1984-03-07 (NCEI Accession 0143392)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143392 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1984-02-18 to 1984-03-07 and...

  14. PH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from GARCIA DEL CID in the Bay of Biscay and North Atlantic Ocean from 1984-07-11 to 1984-08-08 (NCEI Accession 0143393)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143393 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from GARCIA DEL CID in the Bay of Biscay and North Atlantic Ocean from 1984-07-11 to...

  15. PH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from GARCIA DEL CID in the Bay of Biscay and North Atlantic Ocean from 1986-09-04 to 1986-10-03 (NCEI Accession 0143391)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143391 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from GARCIA DEL CID in the Bay of Biscay and North Atlantic Ocean from 1986-09-04 to...

  16. PH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1982-11-10 to 1982-11-19 (NODC Accession 0084477)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0084477 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1982-11-10 to...

  17. PH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1983-12-01 to 1983-12-12 (NCEI Accession 0143396)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143396 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from GARCIA DEL CID in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1983-12-01 to 1983-12-12 and...

  18. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1993 through December 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1993 through December 1995, although the report focuses on hydrologic events from October through December 1995 (fourth quarter of 1995). Cumulative rainfall for October through December 1995 was about 41 inches, which is 32 percent more than the mean cumulative rainfall of about 31 inches for October through December. The period October through December is within the annual wet season. Mean cumulative rainfall is calculated for the fixed base period 1951-90. Ground-water withdrawal during October through December 1995 averaged 931,000 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1994 averaged 902,900 gallons per day. Patterns of withdrawal during the fourth quarter of 1995 did not change significantly since 1993 at all five ground-water production areas. At the end of December 1995, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 60 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from October through December 1995 ranged between 28 and 67 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations continued to decrease during the fourth quarter of 1995, with water from the deepest monitoring wells decreasing in chloride concentration by as much as 2,000 milligrams per liter. This trend follows increases in chloride concentration during the first half of 1995. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water-supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically divert fuel migration away from water-supply wells by recirculating about 150,000 gallons of water

  19. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1992 through September 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1995-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data are presented from January 1992 through September 1994. This report concentrates on data from July through September 1994, and references historic data from 1992 through June 1994. Total rainfall for the first nine months of 1994 was about 77 inches which is 72 percent of the mean annual rainfall of 106 inches. In comparison, total rainfall for the first nine months of 1992 and 1993 was 67 inches and 69 inches, respectively. Annual rainfall totals in 1992 and 1993 were 93 inches and 95 inches, respectively. Ground-water withdrawal during July through September 1994 has averaged 919,400 gallons per day, while annual withdrawals in 1992 and 1993 averaged 935,900 gallons per day and 953,800 gallons per day, respectively. At the end of September 1994, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 56 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from July through September 1994 ranged between 51 and 78 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations increased in July and August, but have leveled off or decreased in September. There has been a general trend of increasing chloride concentrations in the deeper monitoring wells since the 1992 dry season, which began in March 1992. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water-supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically contain and divert fuel migration by recirculating 150,000 gallons of water each day.

  20. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1993 through March 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1995-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1993 through March 1995, although the report focuses on hydrologic events from January through March 1995. Cumulative rainfall for January through March 1995 was about 42 inches which is higher than the mean cumulative rainfall of about 33 inches for the same 3 months in a year. January and February are part of the annual wet season and March is the start of the annual dry season. Rainfall for each month was above average from the respective mean monthly rainfall. Ground- water withdrawal during January through March 1995 averaged 894,600 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1994 averaged 999,600 gallons per day. At the end of March 1995, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 26 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from January through March 1995 ranged between 19 and 49 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations decreased since November 1994. The deepest monitoring wells show declines in chloride concentration by as much as 4,000 milligrams per liter. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water- supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically contain and divert fuel migration by recirculating about 150,000 gallons of water each day.

  1. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1993 through September 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1993 through September 1995, although the report focuses on hydrologic events from July through September 1995. Cumulative rainfall for July through September 1995 was about 15 inches which is 32 percent less than the mean cumulative rainfall of about 22 inches for July through September. July and August are within the annual dry season, while September is the start of the annual wet season. Mean cumulative rainfall is calculated for the fixed base period 1951-90. Ground-water withdrawal during July through September 1995 averaged 888,500 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1994 averaged 919,400 gallons per day. Patterns of withdrawal during the third quarter of 1995 did not change significantly since 1993 at all five ground-water production areas. At the end of September 1995, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 51 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from July through September 1995 ranged between 42 and 68 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations continued to increase since April 1995, with water from the deepest monitoring wells increasing in chloride concentration by as much as 2,000 milligrams per liter. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water-supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically divert fuel migration away from water-supply wells by recirculating about 150,000 gallons of water each day.

  2. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1994 through September 1996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    This report describes the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1994 through September 1996, with a focus on data from July through September 1996 (third quarter of 1996). A complete database of ground-water withdrawals and chloride-concentration records since 1985 is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey. Total rainfall for the period July through September 1996 was 8.94 inches, which is 60 percent less than the mean rainfall of 22.23 inches for the period July through September. July and August are part of the annual dry season, while September is the start of the annual wet season. Ground-water withdrawal during July through September 1996 averaged 1,038,300 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1995 averaged 888,500 gallons per day. Ground-water withdrawals have steadily increased since about April 1995. At the end of September 1996, the chloride concentration of water from the elevated tanks at Cantonment and Air Operations were 68 and 150 milligrams per liter, respectively. The chloride concentration from all five production areas increased throughout the third quarter of 1996, and started the upward trend in about April 1995. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations also increased throughout the third quarter of 1996, with the largest increases from water in the deepest monitoring wells. Chloride concentrations have not been at this level since the dry season of 1994. A fuel-pipeline leak at Air Operations in May 1991 decreased total islandwide withdrawals by 15 percent. This lost pumping capacity is being offset by increased pumpage at Cantonment. Six wells do not contribute to the water supply because they are being used to hydraulically divert fuel migration away from water-supply wells by a program of ground-water withdrawal and injection.

  3. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1993 through June 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1995-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1993 through June 1995, although the report focuses on hydrologic events from April through June 1995. Cumulative rainfall for April through June 1995 was about 14 inches which is 70 percent of the mean cumulative rainfall of about 20 inches for the same 3 months in a year. April through June is within the annual dry season. Rainfall for each month was below average from the respective mean monthly rainfall. All mean rainfall values are calculated for the fixed base period 1951-90. Ground-water withdrawal during April through June 1995 averaged 833,700 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1994 averaged 950,000 gallons per day. At the end of June 1995, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 57 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from April through June 1995 ranged between 26 and 62 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations increased since April 1995, with water from the deepest monitoring wells increasing in chloride concentra- tion by about 1000 milligrams per liter. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water-supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically contain and divert fuel migration away from water-supply wells by recirculating about 150,000 gallons of water each day.

  4. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1994 through March 1996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    This report describes the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1994 through March 1996, with a focus on data from January through March 1996 (first quarter of 1996). A complete database of ground-water withdrawals and chloride-concentration records since 1985 is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey. Cumulative rainfall for January through March 1996 was about 30 inches, which is 9 percent less than the mean cumulative rainfall of about 33 inches for January through March. The period January through February is the end of the annual wet season, while March marks the start of the annual dry season. Ground-water withdrawal during January through March 1996 averaged 970,300 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1995 averaged 894,600 gallons per day. With- drawal patterns during the first quarter of 1996 did not change significantly since 1991, with the Cantonment and Air Operations areas supplying about 99 percent of total islandwide pumpage. At the end of March 1996, the chloride concentration of water from the elevated tanks at Cantonment and Air Operations were 47 and 80 milligrams per liter, respectively. The chloride data from all five production areas showed no significant upward or downward trends throughout the first quarter of 1996. Potable levels of chloride concentrations have been maintained by adjusting individual pumping rates, and also because of the absence of long-term droughts. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations also showed no significant trends throughout the first quarter of 1996. Chloride concentrations have been about the same since the last quarter of 1995. A fuel-pipeline leak at Air Operations in May 1991 decreased total islandwide withdrawals by 15 percent. This lost pumping capacity is being offset by increased pumpage at Cantonment. Six wells do not contribute to the water supply because they

  5. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1992 through December 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1995-01-01

    This report contains hydrologic and climatic data that describe the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1992 through December 1994. This report concentrates on data from October through December 1994, and references previous data from 1992 through 1994. Cumulative rainfall for October through December 1994 was 55 inches which is higher than the mean cumulative rainfall of about 31 inches for the same 3 months. Total rainfall for 1994 was 131 inches which is 24 percent higher than the mean annual rainfall of 106 inches. In com- parison, total rainfall in 1992 and 1993 were 93 inches and 95 inches, respectively. Ground-water withdrawal during October through December 1994 averaged 903,000 gallons per day, while the annual withdrawal in 1994 was 942,700 gallons per day. Annual withdrawals in 1992 and 1993 averaged 935,900 gallons per day and 953,800 gallons per day, respectively. At the end of December 1994, the chloride concentration of the composite water supply was 28 milligrams per liter, well below the 250 milligrams per liter secondary drinking-water standard established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chloride concentrations of the composite water supply from October through December 1994 ranged between 28 and 86 milligrams per liter. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations decreased in November and December, and seems to have leveled off by the end of the year. Although chloride concen- trations have decreased during the fourth quarter of 1994, there has been a general trend of increasing chloride concentrations in the deeper monitoring wells since the 1992 dry season, which began in March 1992. A fuel leak at Air Operations caused the shutdown of ten wells in May 1991. Four of the wells resumed pumping for water-supply purposes in April 1992. The remaining six wells are being used to hydraulically contain and divert fuel

  6. Status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia; summary of hydrologic and climatic data, January 1994 through June 1996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikai, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    This report describes the status of ground-water resources at U.S. Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia. Data presented are from January 1994 through June 1996, with a focus on data from April through June 1996 (second quarter of 1996). A complete database of ground-water withdrawals and chloride-concentration records since 1985 is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey. Cumulative rainfall for April through June 1996 was 22.64 inches, which is 12 percent more than the mean cumulative rainfall of 20.21 inches for April through June. The period April through June is part of the annual dry season. Ground-water withdrawal during April through June 1996 averaged 1,048,000 gallons per day. Withdrawal for the same 3 months in 1995 averaged 833,700 gallons per day. Withdrawal patterns during the second quarter of 1996 did not change significantly since 1991, with the Cantonment and Air Operations areas supplying about 99 percent of total islandwide pumpage. At the end of June 1996, the chloride concentration of water from the elevated tanks at Cantonment and Air Operations were 52 and 80 milligrams per liter, respectively. The chloride data from all five production areas showed no significant upward or downward trends throughout the second quarter of 1996. Potable levels of chloride concentrations have been maintained by adjusting individual pumping rates, and also because of the absence of long-term droughts. Chloride concentration of ground water in monitoring wells at Cantonment and Air Operations also showed no significant trends throughout the second quarter of 1996. Chloride concentrations have been about the same since the last quarter of 1995. A fuel-pipeline leak at Air Operations in May 1991 decreased total islandwide withdrawals by 15 percent. This lost pumping capacity is being offset by increased pumpage at Cantonment. Six wells do not contribute to the water supply because they are being used to hydraulically divert fuel migration away from water

  7. The Evaluation of the Effect of Multiwall Carbon Nano Tube (MWCNT on In Vitro Proliferation and Shoot Tip Necrosis of Pistachio Rootstock UCB-1 (Pistacia integrima × P. atlantica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahrzad Aghasi Kermani

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available UCB-1 (Pistacia atlantica × P. integrima is a commercial rootstock for pistachio in some pistachio plantations across the world. This rootstock is very new in Iran and recently, it has been used commercially in some plantations due to its high growth. Propagation of this rootstock by tissue culture results in many limitations such as shoot tip necrosis (STN and a low proliferation rate. Therefore, any process that leads to improve the proliferation rate and feature will be used in commercial propagation of this rootstock. Nanotubes are widely used in in vitro cultures. For this reason, we used different concentrations of carbon nanotubes (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 µg/l and benzyladenine (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 mg/l to improve the proliferation rate and qualitative indices. The results showed that using carbon nanotubes concentration of 200 µg/l with 2mg/l of benzyladenine (BA led to maximum proliferation (4 microshoots per explant, maximum shoot length (3.68 cm and minimum STN (8% and vitrification (this isn’t a word? (0 % percentage.

  8. A cheap, simple high throughput method for screening native Helicobacter pylori urease inhibitors using a recombinant Escherichia coli, its validation and demonstration of Pistacia atlantica methanolic extract effectivity and specificity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amar, Natalie; Peretz, Avi; Gerchman, Yoram

    2017-02-01

    Helicobacter pylori is the most frequent and persistent bacterial infection worldwide, and a risk factor for active gastritis, peptic ulcers, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and gastric cancer. Although combined antibiotics treatment is effective cases of antibiotic resistance are reported at an alarming rate. The H. pylori urease enzyme is essential for the bacteria establishment in the gastric mucosa, resulting urease inhibitors being sought after as effective and specific anti- H. pylori treatment. To-date, screening assays are based mostly on the analog plant urease enzyme but difference in properties of the plant and bacterial enzymes hamper these efforts. We have developed a screening assay based on recombinant Escherichia coli expressing native H. pylori urease, and validated this assay using thiourea and a methanolic extract of Pistacia atlantica. The assay demonstrated the thiourea and the extract to be potent urease inhibitors, with the extract having strong bacteriostatic activity against clinical isolates of H. pylori, including such with antibiotic resistance. The extract was also found to be neutral toward common probiotic bacteria, supporting its specificity and compatibility with digestive system desired microflora and suggesting it could be a good source for anti-H. pylori compounds. The assay has proven to be cheap, simple and native alternative to the plant enzyme based assay and could allow for high throughput screening for new urease inhibitors and could expedite screening and development of novel, better H. pylori remedies helping us to combat this infection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Application of least squares support vector regression and linear multiple regression for modeling removal of methyl orange onto tin oxide nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon and activated carbon prepared from Pistacia atlantica wood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaedi, M; Rahimi, Mahmoud Reza; Ghaedi, A M; Tyagi, Inderjeet; Agarwal, Shilpi; Gupta, Vinod Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Two novel and eco friendly adsorbents namely tin oxide nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (SnO2-NP-AC) and activated carbon prepared from wood tree Pistacia atlantica (AC-PAW) were used for the rapid removal and fast adsorption of methyl orange (MO) from the aqueous phase. The dependency of MO removal with various adsorption influential parameters was well modeled and optimized using multiple linear regressions (MLR) and least squares support vector regression (LSSVR). The optimal parameters for the LSSVR model were found based on γ value of 0.76 and σ(2) of 0.15. For testing the data set, the mean square error (MSE) values of 0.0010 and the coefficient of determination (R(2)) values of 0.976 were obtained for LSSVR model, and the MSE value of 0.0037 and the R(2) value of 0.897 were obtained for the MLR model. The adsorption equilibrium and kinetic data was found to be well fitted and in good agreement with Langmuir isotherm model and second-order equation and intra-particle diffusion models respectively. The small amount of the proposed SnO2-NP-AC and AC-PAW (0.015 g and 0.08 g) is applicable for successful rapid removal of methyl orange (>95%). The maximum adsorption capacity for SnO2-NP-AC and AC-PAW was 250 mg g(-1) and 125 mg g(-1) respectively. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

    CERN Multimedia

    Visual Media Office

    2013-01-01

    ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

  11. Notas preliminares sobre o cantochão acompanhado na prática musical luso-brasileira dos séculos XVIII e XIX: o Hino a São João Batista de José Maurício Nunes Garcia Preliminary notes on the accompanied plainchaint in the nineteenth- and twentieth-century Brazilian-Portuguese musical practice: the Hymn to St. John the Baptist by José Maurício Nunes Garcia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Guerra Cotta

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de registros que comprovam o uso de acompanhamento do cantochão na prática musical de catedrais brasileiras nos séculos XVIII e XIX, este estudo procura discutir preliminarmente a utilização de documentos pertencentes ao Cabido Metropolitano do Rio de Janeiro (RJ para a realização deste tipo de repertório, exemplificado no Hino a São João Batista de José Maurício Nunes Garcia. Busca estimular futuros estudos sobre o tema e, sobretudo, a performance desta música. Indiretamente, pretende-se fornecer subsídios para novas formas de utilização do instrumento catedralício por excelência - o órgão de tubos - re-inserindo este repertório litúrgico nas práticas sócio-culturais e musicais atualmente em voga, estimulando a reutilização deste instrumento nos circuitos históricos brasileiros em que se encontram.Departing from evidences of the use of accompanied plainchant in the musical practice of Brazilian cathedrals in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this study discusses preliminarily the use of documents belonging to the Cabido Metropolitano do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil to support the realization of this type of repertoire, exemplified in Hymn to St. John the Baptist by Brazilian composer José Maurício Nunes Garcia. It also encourages future studies on this subject and, especially, the performance of this music. Indirectly, it intends to give subsidies for new forms of use of the organ, re-inserting this liturgical repertoire in the present cultural and musical practices, stimulating the use of this instrument in the Brazilian historical circuits in which some exemplars remain.

  12. Remoção de cistos de Giardia spp. e oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp. na Estação de Tratamento de Esgoto Garcia, no município de Blumenau, SC, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Giovanni Miglioli

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Giardia spp. e Cryptosporidium spp. são agentes etiológicos responsáveis por uma série de epidemias de gastroenterites ocorridas, principalmente, após o consumo de água contaminada. Os cistos e oocistos destes protozoários são resistentes às variações ambientais, bem como a maioria dos processos físicos, químicos e microbiológicos utilizados nas estações de tratamento de água e esgoto. Deste modo, este estudo teve como objetivo detectar e avaliar a remoção de cistos de Giardia spp. e oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp. no sistema de tratamento combinado anaeróbio + aeróbio da ETE Garcia em Blumenau, SC. Para efetuar a detecção de cistos e oocistos, as amostras de efluentes e lodos provenientes da ETE foram concentradas através de filtração em membranas de ésteres de celulose e centrifugação, seguida por reação de imunofluorescência direta (RID utilizando o Kit diagnóstico - Merifluor. Para a obtenção dos parâmetros físicos, químicos e microbiológicos, as análises seguiram os padrões preconizados em APHA (2012. Concentrações elevadas de cistos de Giardia spp. (máx. 900.000 cistos L-1 foram detectadas em 83,3% dos pontos analisados. Oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp. também foram detectados em elevadas concentrações (máx. 300.000 oocistos L-1 em 66,6% dos pontos analisados. Não foram detectados cistos e oocistos nas amostras do efluente tratado, deste modo o sistema combinado da ETE Garcia apresentou uma eficiência >99,9% para a remoção das formas resistentes destes patógenos, contribuindo para a redução da contaminação ambiental por protozoários patogênicos presentes no esgoto doméstico do município de Blumenau, SC, Brasil.

  13. Aridification du climat régional et remontée de la limite inférieure du cèdre de l'Atlas (Cedrus atlantica Manetti aux confins de la plaine de Midelt (Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustapha Rhanem

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Le cèdre de l'Atlas (Cedrus atlanticaManetti est un phanérophyte présentant certaines exigences saisonnières en humidité, ainsi que durant certaines phases de son développement. Largement répandu à l'état spontané au Maroc, il a une grande valeur écologico-floristique, socio-économique et patrimoniale. Longtemps, cette précieuse essence a très bien été adaptée à son environnement méditerranéo-montagnard et n'a posé aucun problème sur le plan sanitaire. Or, depuis le début des années 1980, le cèdre connaît un dépérissement préoccupant, diffus ou concentré, responsable d'un recul de ses peuplements. Le dépérissement atteint des proportions anormalement élevées dans un certain nombre de massifs forestiers de la région de Midelt, dans les Moyen et Haut-Atlas. Les premiers signes se manifestent par l'atteinte d'arbres isolés ou de bouquets couvrant des superficies variées. Le phénomène peut se généraliser, comme dans la forêt d'Aït-Oufella, en bordure sud du Moyen-Atlas central, près de la plaine aride de Midelt, où la mortalité est très élevée dans certains secteurs. Mais, dans la plupart des cas, il se concentre à la limite inférieure de l'aire de répartition de l'espèce.L'examen des précipitations et des températures mesurées de 1957 à 2005 à la station météorologique de Midelt – représentative de l'ambiance semi-aride qui prévaut à la limite inférieure de l'aire de répartition du cèdre sur le versant moulouyen du Moyen-Atlas – permet de formuler l'hypothèse que les dépérissements sont imputables à un déficit des précipitations combiné à une augmentation des températures, en liaison avec plusieurs épisodes de sécheresse au cours de la période 1982-2005.Au cours de ces années, les conditions climatiques ont eu un impact négatif sur la vitalité du cèdre, ce qui a entraîné la mort de nombreux arbres. L'aridification a eu des effets particulièrement sensibles

  14. Relações externas congolesas na primeira década do séc. XVII, em termos de D. Álvaro II: a embaixada de D. Garcia Baptista e D. António Manuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ílidio do Amaral

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available FOREIGN CONGOLESE RELATIONS IN THE FIRST DECADE OF THE XVIIth CENTURY, IN THE TIMES OF D. ALVARO II: THE EMBASSY OF D. GARIA BAPTISTA AND D. ANTONIO MANUEL - This article provides an insight into the diplomatic relationship between the Kingdom of Congo, Portugal and Spain and the Vatican in the first decade of the XVIIth century (1604-1608, being king of Congo D. Alvaro II, whose african name was Mpangu-a-Nimi Lukeni Lua Mvemba, and reigned from 1587 to 1618. Some notes are given through several examples of congolese embassies, one of them being composed by D. Garcia Baptista, charged of the affairs more closely related to the Philipine administration (D. Filipe II, and D. Antonio Manuel, the marquis of Vunta, whose destination was the Vatican, to meet the Pope. Both arrived in Portugal in the last quarter of 1605, after a long and troubled journey with a halt in Brazil. The fist one brought a long memorial that was submitted to a minute appreciation by the Council of India and by the viceroy of Portugal. Later he went back to Congo. The second met with the greatest difficulties on his voyage to Rome where he arrived very ill, on January the 3rd 1608 and died on the 5th, after transmitting to the Pope the essencial of his mission. He was entitled to a magnificent funeral and was buried in the church of Santa Maria Maior, where his tomb still exists as well as a bust in marble attributed to the school of Bernini. He was known among the romans as Nigrita.

  15. Summary of Meteorological Observations, Surface (SMOS) for Diego Garcia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    01 ,L A L c acca , 0O𔃺 0O 0: 1- U 0I 0IDJ - cc C aj Go w Go )co 000) Goaaa a0 7 ,0, 0101 a,01 0 ’C a W I u ( 011 -.) U 0 mN 010 0 n00mmwonr -ma w...0 0 f𔃺 0 0’ al z I - -. 3 -:)~.~30 . f3 333 3 U.5 . a:-- - P t0 OP-fJU)L -C )0 I 7 ar r- OD’)’J. CID-0 C’~ 0~ OOO 00’I DC)C o c 4 0 O O O ’ Q- I tu...rnu0 - U. CZ. - 00 00 0 3 t0 tr- OD00 C3N rZ303 M A0 ’ O 0 0’ 0 C,0 ,0 ’A/ U.1 D I 3’ ’r10 0 0 0 O O ,n 0 1-U.iU DA 0- f G D0 0 r- GO010 rNl U f3 ~ .3

  16. Kevadelaul : [luuletused] / Federico Garcia Lorca ; tlk. Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    García Lorca, Federico, 1898-1936

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kevadelaul ; Uued laulud ; Unenägu ; Uus süda ; Rõske siseõu ; Risttee : "Oh valu: mu värsid võtnud..." ; Ballaad mereveest ; Huile ; Vaikus ; Risttee : "Tuul puhub läänest..." ; Sevilla ; Kuus keelt ; Memento ; Kolm linna : Malaguena ; Cordoba agul ; Tants ; Kitarrimõistatus ; Poolkuu ; Neli kollast ballaadi ; Aadam ; Tasakaal ; Friis ; Maha raiuti kolm puud ; Teokarp ; Rumal laul ; Õhtu ; Ratsaniku laul ; Debussy ; Kuu tõuseb ; Kaks õhtust kuud ; Serenaad ; Laul lahkuvast päevast ; Kuuba neegrilaul ; Itk Ignacio Sanchez Mejiase surma puhul ; Madrigal Santiago linnale ; Hällilaul surnud Rosalia Castrole ; Kuu tants Santiagos ; Gaseel kohutavast lähedusest ; Gaseel tumedast surmast ; Gaseel põgenemisest ; Gaseel saja-aastasest armastusest ; Kassiida okstest ; Kassiida selili lebavast naisest ; Kassiida unenäost vabas õhus ; Kassiida tumedaist tuvidest ; Vee süit ; Herbaariumid ; Omega ; Ood Salvador Dalile ; "Ma kardan, kas su imet ma ei kaota..." . Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 879

  17. Antonio Garcia Moya, um arquiteto da Semana de 22

    OpenAIRE

    Ficher, Sylvia

    2012-01-01

    Como se percebe, o subtítulo deste artigo pretende-se uma provocação. Provocação ao sentido corrente de qual seja a “arquitetura do movimento moderno”. Igualmente provocação ao sentido corrente de qual seja a “arquitetura moderna brasileira” ou, como prefere Lucio Costa (1902-1998), a “arquitetura contemporânea brasileira”, esta sutil porém intencionalmente modificada por Yves Bruand para “arquitetura contemporânea no Brasil. Aqui e agora, gostaria de falar de um arquiteto pouco lembrado, me...

  18. A correspondência de Simón Bolívar e sua presença na literatura: uma análise de O General em seu labirinto de Gabriel García Márquez Simon Bolivar's correspondence and its presence in literature: an analysis of The General in His Labyrinth by Gabriel Garcia Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana de Souza Fredrigo

    2009-01-01

    Bolivar's letters and Gabriel Garcia Marquez's novel, The General in His Labyrinth. The hypothesis is that the literary text, besides using Bolivar's epistolary to construct its character and the romantic scenario, opens possibilities of explanations concerning the project of memory arising from the writings in the letters, at the same measure in which it strengthens the cult of the Liberating General.

  19. A concession system for public forests in "Mata Atlantica" Dominium, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge Paladino Corrêa de Lima; Josh McDaniel

    2002-01-01

    Political and administrative limitations are real factors for a Management System for National Forest in Brazil, but some actions needs to be achieve. The concession system is economically feasible to create and manage National Forest in Atlantic area for sustainable timber production under actual wood world market condition. Brazil National Forest needs to be...

  20. Chemical composition of oils from wild almond (Prunus scoparia and wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafari Mohammadi, S. A.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the fatty acids, sterols and triacylglycerol compositions as well as the amount of tocopherols, total phenols and pigments wild almond and cold pressed wild pistachio oils. Triacylglycerols, tocopherols and pigments were analyzed with HPLC, fatty acids and sterols with gas chromatography, and total phenols photometrically. The main fatty acids in both samples were oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids. The most predominant TAG species are SLL + PLO (21.83% in wild pistachio oil and OOO (47.27% in wild almond oil. Pheophytin a was the major pigment in wild pistachio oil. There were no pigments detected in wild almond oil. Total phenols were 57.6 mg kg-1 oil for wild pistachio and 45.3 mg kg-1 oil for wild almond oil.El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la composición en ácidos grasos, esteroles, triglicéridos, así como tocoferoles, fenoles totales y pigmentos de aceites de almendras y pistachos silvestres prensados en frío. Triglicéridos (TAG, tocoferoles y pigmentos se analizaron mediante HPLC, los ácidos grasos y esteroles mediante cromatografía de gases, y los fenoles totales espectrofotométricamente. Los principales ácidos grasos de ambas especies fueron los ácidos oleico, linoleico y palmítico. Las especies de TAG predominantes son SLL + OLP (21,83% en el pistacho silvestre y OOO (47,27% en almendras silvestre. Feofitina a es un pigmento importante en los aceites de pistacho silvestre. No se detectó pigmentos en los aceites de almendras silvestres. Los fenoles totales fueron 57,6 mg kg-1 y 45,3 mg kg-1 en los aceites de pistacho silvestre y de almendra silvestre respectivamente.

  1. Mechanical properties of structural maritime pine sawn timber from Galicia (Pinus pinaster Ait. ssp. atlantica)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carballo, J.; Hermoso, E.; Fernandez-Golfin, J. I.

    2009-07-01

    The use of maritime pine sawn timber in structural applications requires knowledge of its mechanical properties. Standards have changed, however, since the last research on this timber was performed. In the present study, 491 beams of maritime pine from Gaelic, of structural-use size but different cross-section, were tested according to these modified standards. Each beam was visually graded according to standard UNE 56.544 and subjected to a four point bending test. The strength classes assigned by the visual grades awarded suggest this material to have greater structural capacity than that currently assumed. The relationships between the modulus of elasticity, strength and density were also examined. (Author) 25 refs.

  2. Microrefugia, Climate Change, and Conservation of Cedrus atlantica in the Rif Mountains, Morocco

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    Rachid Cheddadi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study reconstructs and interprets the changing range of Atlas cedar in northern Morocco over the last 9,000 years. A synthesis of fossil pollen records indicated that Atlas cedars occupied a wider range at lower elevations during the mid-Holocene than today. The mid-Holocene geographical expansion reflected low winter temperatures and higher water availability over the whole range of the Rif Mountains relative to modern conditions. A trend of increasing aridity observed after 6,000 years BP progressively reduced the range of Atlas cedar and prompted its migration toward elevations above 1,400 masl. To assess the impact of climate change on cedar populations over the last decades, we performed a transient model simulation for the period between 1960 and 2010. Our simulation showed that the range of Atlas cedar decreased by about 75% over the last 50 years and that the eastern populations of the range in the Rif Mountains were even more threatened by the overall lack of water availability than the western ones. Today, Atlas cedar populations in the Rif Mountains are persisting in restricted and isolated areas (Jbel Kelti, Talassemtane, Jbel Tiziren, Oursane, Tidighine that we consider to be modern microrefugia. Conservation of these isolated populations is essential for the future survival of the species, preserving polymorphisms and the potential for population recovery under different climatic conditions.

  3. Concentration of thorium and uranium in the ecosystem of Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlantica) of Pernambuco state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreira, Fabiano S.; Silva, Waldecy A.; Lira, Marcelo B.G.; Souza, Ebenezer M. de; França, Elvis de

    2017-01-01

    Thorium (Th) and Uranium (U) are distributed throughout the earth's crust. The mean thorium concentration ranges from 6 to 15 ppm, which makes it 3 times more abundant than uranium. These radionuclides in their natural form, and in low amounts, do not present a risk to the population because they have low activity, but the effects caused by the accumulation in living beings have not yet been fully elucidated. This work aims to evaluate the concentration of Th and U in the soils of an excerpt in the Atlantic Forest in the State of Pernambuco. Soil sampling (depth 0-20 cm) occurred in the projection of tree crowns of the predominant species in the studied areas. After drying and comminution, samples of 0.1 g of soil were submitted to chemical treatment to enable the analysis. This treatment consisted in the addition of 9 ml of HNO 3 (nitric acid) and 3 ml of HF (hydrofluoric acid) with subsequent heating of the sample and reference materials in a digester oven. The concentrations of Th and U were quantified by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry - ICP-MS. The mean concentrations found were: 10.5 mg kg -1 for thorium and 2.18 mg.kg -1 for uranium, with values of 35 mg.kg -1 and 26 mg.kg -1 quantified in a thorium sample and uranium respectively. In this region, uranium and thorium hotspot were found, which reinforces the need for greater attention to these radionuclides in the Atlantic Forest of the State of Pernambuco

  4. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Properties of OB associations in IC 1613 (Garcia+, 2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, M.; Herrero, A.; Castro, N.; Corral, L.; Rosenberg, A.

    2014-06-01

    To understand the structure and evolution of massive stars, systematic surveys of the Local Group galaxies have been undertaken, to find these objects in environments of different chemical abundances. We focus on the metal-poor irregular galaxy IC 1613 to analyze the stellar and wind structure of its low-metallicity massive stars. We ultimately aim to study the metallicity-dependent driving mechanism of the winds of blue massive stars and use metal-poor massive stars of the Local Volume as a proxy for the stars in the early Universe. In a previous paper we produced a list of OB associations in IC 1613. Their properties are not only a powerful aid towards finding the most interesting candidate massive stars, but also reveal the structure and recent star formation history of the galaxy. We characterize these OB associations and study their connection with the galactic global properties. The reddening-free Q parameter is a powerful tool in the photometric analysis of young populations of massive stars, since it exhibits a smaller degree of degeneracy with OB spectral types than the B-V color. The color-magnitude diagram (Q vs. V) of the OB associations in IC 1613 is studied to determine their age and mass, and confirm the population of young massive stars. We identified more than 10 stars with M>=50M⊙. Spectral classification available for some of them confirm their massive nature, yet we find the common discrepancy with the spectroscopically derived masses. There is a general increasing trend of the mass of the most massive member with the number of members of each association, but not with the stellar density. The average diameter of the associations of this catalog is 40pc, half the historically considered typical size of OB associations. Size increases with the association population. The distribution of the groups strongly correlates with that of neutral and ionized hydrogen. We find the largest dispersion of association ages in the bubble region of the galaxy where hydrogen is abundant, implying that recent star formation has proceeded over a longer period of time than in the rest of the galaxy, and is still ongoing. Very young associations are found at the west of the galaxy far from the bubble region, traditionally considered the sole locus of star formation, but still rich in neutral hydrogen. The contrast in the stellar properties derived from photometry and spectroscopy (when the latter is available) shows that the Q pseudo-color is very useful for estimating the parameters of OB stars when only photometric observations exist. This work helped define an extensive pool of candidate OB stars for subsequent spectroscopic analyses designed to study the structure and winds of metal-poor massive stars. (2 data files).

  5. FOGO, de Álvaro Andrade Garcia: o livro digital como escritura palimpséstica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Barbosa da Silva

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, propõe-se refletir sobre os procedimentos poéticos no livro Fogo, o qual pode ser tratado como uma produção multiplataforma do autor, uma vez que essa obra contém múltiplas versões, envolvendo as plataformas impressa e digital. No impresso, a obra passa por processos de reescritura, primeiramente porque Fogo (2002 pode ser vista como uma escrita palimpséstica (tal como propõe Gérard Genette de O beijo que virou poema (1984, uma obra juvenil do autor, e que depois se transformou num duplo de livro de artista, numa parceria entre o autor e a designer Daniela Karan, em 2002. Ao passar para o formato digital, a obra também adquire versões e passa por adaptações, tanto no sentido de explorar o potencial de virtualização quanto para promover uma integração entre a versão digital e as obras originalmente impressas, revistas dentro de uma nova organização de linguagens.

  6. Refined analysis of RGHWs of code pairs coming from Garcia-Stichtenoth’s second tower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olav Geil

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Asymptotically good sequences of ramp secret sharing schemes were given in [5] by using one-point algebraic geometric codes defined from asymptotically good towers of function fields. Their security is given by the relative generalized Hamming weights of the corresponding codes. In this paper we demonstrate how to obtain refined information on the RGHWs when the codimension of the codes is small. For general codimension, we give an improved estimate for the highest RGHW.

  7. 76 FR 19373 - Cathryn Lyn Chatman (also known as Cathryn Lyn Garcia): Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-07

    ... States District Court for the District of Oregon entered judgment against Ms. Chatman for misdemeanor... as follows: Ms. Chatman was a registered nurse licensed by the Oregon Board of Nursing. Throughout...

  8. [Delivery after a previous cesarean in the Gyneco-Obsteric Hospital Garza Garcia, N.L].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Garza Quintanilla, C; Celaya Juárez, J A; Hernández Escobar, C

    1997-04-01

    One hundred and four patients who delivered after a previous cesarean section, at Hospital de Ginecoobstetricia de Garza García, N.L., from February 1, 1994 to January 31, 1995, were reviewed. The objective for this study was to know materno-fetal morbi-mortality at our hospital. Age, parity weeks of gestation, cause for previous section, delivery culmination, weight and Apgar of products, as well as, materno-fetal morbi-mortality, were analyzed. Average age group was 21 to 30 years with 68.5%. As to parity nulliparae predominated with 48.1%. As to weeks of gestation, the most frequent was 37 to 40 weeks, 85.5%. Previous section indication was: 1. Pelvic presentation, 2. Fetal stress, 3. Cefalo-pelvic disproportion, 4. Premature rupture of membranes, 5. Toxemia. As to deliveries outcome, there was dystocia in 86.5%, by profilactic low forceps application in 81.7%; and mid low in 4.8%. Eutocic delivery, 13.5%. Product weight was 3,000 to 3,500 g, with 51%. Apgar in 94 products was 8 and 9 at one minute. Maternal morbidity was 15.3% being most frequent vaginal tears. There was one case of uterine atonia, and one case of dura mater adverted puncture. There were no uterine dehiscence nor rupture. Perinatal morbidity was 5.6%. There was no perinatal death.

  9. Prantsusmaa mälupoliitikad / Patrick Garcia ; tõlk. Triinu Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garcia, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    Ajalookirjutusest Prantsusmaal pärast revolutsiooni, elukutselise ajaloolaskonna sünnist Prantsusmaal, 11. novebmri ja 8. mai tähistamisest, okupatsiooniperioodi kriitilisest läbivaatamisest, mälukonfliktidest tänapäeva demokraatlikus ühiskonnas

  10. Political Ecology in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

    Science.gov (United States)

    ElSherief, Eman Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    The roots of ecology prolong profoundly within earlier phases of history, when the naturalistic fabric was first evinced. Bringing out his "On the Origin of Species" in 1859, Darwin not merely engendered a biological culmination but also heralded the revolutionary critical canon of naturalism that was virtually a stone thrown in the vast…

  11. El Salvador, 1983: Marianela Garcia Villas n. 43.337 nell’elenco delle vittime civili

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Forneris

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on a specific case study of “a human rights woman activist” in El Salvador during the last authoritarian government (1976-1992: the lawyer Marianela García Villas. Marianela’s history, as human rights (HRs activist, raises a fundamental question on how a woman could relate with a death scenario and a death context in her HRs political care. In her activity of reconstruction of death bodies of people who did not even have the dignity of death, Marianela has always worked with a HRs approach and for the positive statement of the right to life “as right of piece of bread, a roof and a book”, and so anticipating the HRs interdependence and interconnection interpretation. Her potential motherhood, as a woman, was projected over a private sphere towards the promotion of social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

  12. El Salvador, 1983: Marianela Garcia Villas n. 43.337 nell’elenco delle vittime civili

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Forneris

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on a specific case study of “a human rights woman activist” in El Salvador during the last authoritarian government (1976-1992: the lawyer Marianela García Villas. Marianela’s history, as human rights (HRs activist, raises a fundamental question on how a woman could relate with a death scenario and a death context in her HRs political care. In her activity of reconstruction of death bodies of people who did not even have the dignity of death, Marianela has always worked with a HRs approach and for the positive statement of the right to life “as right of piece of bread, a roof and a book”, and so anticipating the HRs interdependence and interconnection interpretation. Her potential motherhood, as a woman, was projected over a private sphere towards the promotion of social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

  13. Comportamiento del cáncer gástrico en pacientes de la EPS-s provincia de García Rovira (Santander, en el periodo 2007-2014 / Gastric Cancer Behavior in EPS-s (Health Insurance Company in The Province of García Rovira (Santander, during the 2007 – 2014 Period / Comportamento do câncer gástrico nos pacientes da EPS-s da província de Garcia Rovira (Santander no periodo de 2007-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Mireya Cuadros- Picón, MD.

    2015-03-01

    (Santander, en el periodo 2007-2014. MedUNAB 2015; 17(3: xx-xx]. Introduction: Gastric cancer is in Colombia and Santander, the leading cause of death from malignant tumors, despite not being the first neoplasia in frequency. Objective: Considering the above, the gastric cancer is a major public health and our environment are not analytical studies to characterize this population, what is proposed is an investigation in which behavior is characterized in people with gastric cancer the province of Garcia Rovira, Santander, in the 2007-2014 period. Methodology: analytical study reviewed medical records of 57 patients from a health promoter subsidized system (EPS-S diagnosed with gastric cancer confirmed by histopathology. The variables considered were: sex, age, stage, pathology, localization, treatment and survival, univariate analysis was performed taking into account the varying categorized by age ranges (up to 50 years, 51-60 years old, 61-70 years and over 70; qualitative variables described in table of frequencies, percentages and confidence intervals; bivariate analysis was performed looking for the P value of the test of Fisher, the data were analyzed in the Stata statistical package. Results and Conclusions: The results showed that men represent 77.2% of gastric cancer cases studied; 68.4% of patients had more than 60 years. Significant differences in tumor localization by sex were found in women as cancer was located in the antrum while in men was predominantly in the cardia and body of the stomach (p <0.05; For its part, the variables clinical stage and received treatment associated mortality statistics (p <0.05 were found way. [Cuadros-Picón DM, Reyes-Soto Y. Gastric Cancer Behavior in EPS-s (Health Insurance Company in The Province of García Rovira (Santander, during the 2007 – 2014 Period. MedUNAB 2015; 17(3: xx-xx]. Introdução: O câncer gástrico é, na Colômbia e no estado de Santander, a principal causa de morte ocasionada pelos tumores malignos

  14. Mass transfer, physical, and mechanical characteristics of terebinth fruit (Pistacia atlantica L.) under convective infrared microwave drying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaveh, Mohammad; Abbaspour-Gilandeh, Yousef; Chayjan, Reza Amiri; Taghinezhad, Ebrahim; Mohammadigol, Reza

    2018-01-01

    This research was investigated to the thin-layer drying of terebinth fruit under convective infrared microwave (CIM) conditions with initial moisture content about 4.28% (g water/g dry matter). The effects of drying different conditions were studied on the effective moisture diffusivity, activation energy, specific energy, shrinkage, color, and mechanical properties of terebinth. Experiments were conducted at three air temperatures (45, 60, and 70 °C), three infrared power (500, 1000, and 1500 W) and three microwave power (270, 450 and 630 W). All these experiments were carried out under air velocity of 0.9 m/s. The effective moisture diffusivity of terebinth was obtained as 1.79 × 10-9 to 15.77 × 10-9 m2/s during drying. The activation energy of terebinth samples was measured to be 12.70 to 32.28 kJ/mol. To estimate the drying kinetic of terebinth, seven mathematical models were used to fit the experimental data of thin-layer drying. Results showed that the Midilli et al. model withR 2 = 0.9999, χ 2 = 0.0001 andRMSE = 0.0099 had the best performance in prediction of moisture content. Specific energy consumption was within the range of 127.62 to 678.90 MJ/kg. The maximum shrinkage during drying was calculated 69.88% at the air temperature 75 °C, infrared power of 1500 W, and microwave power 630 W. Moreover, the maximum values of the ΔL ∗ (15.89), Δa ∗ (12.28), Δb ∗(-0.12), and total color difference (ΔE= 17.44) were calculated in this work. Also, the maximum rupture force and energy for dried terebinth were calculated to be 149.2 N and 2845.4 N.mm, respectively.

  15. Prediction of some physical and drying properties of terebinth fruit (Pistacia atlantica L.) using Artificial Neural Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaveh, Mohammad; Chayjan, Reza Amiri

    2014-01-01

    Drying of terebinth fruit was conducted to provide microbiological stability, reduce product deterioration due to chemical reactions, facilitate storage and lower transportation costs. Because terebinth fruit is susceptible to heat, the selection of a suitable drying technology is a challenging task. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used as a nonlinear mapping structures for modelling and prediction of some physical and drying properties of terebinth fruit. Drying characteristics of terebinth fruit with an initial moisture content of 1.16 (d.b.) was studied in an infrared fluidized bed dryer. Different levels of air temperatures (40, 55 and 70°C), air velocities (0.93, 1.76 and 2.6 m/s) and infrared (IR) radiation powers (500, 1000 and 1500 W) were applied. In the present study, the application of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for predicting the drying moisture diffusivity, energy consumption, shrinkage, drying rate and moisture ratio (output parameter for ANN modelling) was investigated. Air temperature, air velocity, IR radiation and drying time were considered as input parameters. The results revealed that to predict drying rate and moisture ratio a network with the TANSIG-LOGSIG-TANSIG transfer function and Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) training algorithm made the most accurate predictions for the terebinth fruit drying. The best results for ANN at predications were R2 = 0.9678 for drying rate, R2 = 0.9945 for moisture ratio, R2 = 0.9857 for moisture diffusivity and R2 = 0.9893 for energy consumption. Results indicated that artificial neural network can be used as an alternative approach for modelling and predicting of terebinth fruit drying parameters with high correlation. Also ANN can be used in optimization of the process.

  16. ABCG5 gene responses to treadmill running with or without administration of Pistachio atlantica in female rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbass Ghanbari-Niaki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available   Objective(s: ABC transporters comprise a large family of transmembrane proteins that use the energy provided by ATP hydrolysis to translocate a variety of substrates across biological membranes. All members of the human ABCG subfamily, except for ABCG2, are cholesterol-transporter. The aim of this study was to determine the liver, the small intestine and kidney ABCG5 relative gene expression in response to treadmill-running training in female rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty Wistar rats (6-8 weeks old and 125-135 g weight were used. Animals were randomly assigned to saline-control (SC, saline-training (ST, and Baneh-control (BC, and Baneh-training (BT groups. Training groups did the exercise on a motor-driven treadmill at 25 m/min (0% grade for 60 min/day for eight weeks (5 days/week. Rats were fed orally, with Baneh extraction and saline for six weeks. The two-way ANOVA was employed for statistical analysis.  ABCG5 relative gene expression was detected by Real-time PCR method. Results:The current findings indicate that the Baneh-treated tissues had significantly lower levels of ABCG5 gene expression in the liver, small intestine, and kidneys (P< 0.001, P< 0.003, P< 0.001, respectively, when compared with saline-treated tissues. However, a higher level of gene expression was observed in exercise groups. A lower level of HDL-c but not triglyceride (TG and total cholesterol (TC levels were found in Baneh-treated animals at rest. Conclusion: Exercise training increases ABCG5 relative gene expression in the liver, small intestine and kidney tissues; therefore exercise training may adjust the reduction of ABCG5 relative gene expression in Baneh-training group.

  17. Description of Two Species of Early Branching Dinoflagellates, Psammosa pacifica n. g., n. sp and P. atlantica n. sp

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Okamoto, n.; Horák, Aleš; Keeling, P. J.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 6 (2012), e34900 E-ISSN 1932-6203 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518 Keywords : ALVEOLATE GROUP-I * MARINE ALVEOLATE * OXYRRHIS-MARINA * INTRACELLULAR PARASITE * MICROBIAL EUKARYOTES * GENETIC DIVERSITY * FINE-STRUCTURE * PHYLOGENETIC POSITION * MITOCHONDRIAL GENOMES * EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 3.730, year: 2012

  18. Reclassification of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-Garcia et al. 2005 and Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-Garcia et al. 2005 as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li-Ting; Lee, Fwu-Ling; Tai, Chun-Ju; Yokota, Akira; Kuo, Hsiao-Ping

    2007-07-01

    The Bacillus subtilis group encompasses the taxa Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. amyloliquefaciens, B. atrophaeus, B. mojavensis, B. vallismortis, B. subtilis subsp. spizizenii, B. sonorensis, B. velezensis, B. axarquiensis and B. malacitensis. In this study, the taxonomic relatedness between the species B. axarquiensis, B. malacitensis and B. mojavensis was investigated. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and the gene for DNA gyrase subunit B (gyrB) confirmed the very high similarities between these three type strains and a reference strain of B. mojavensis (>99 and >97 %, respectively). DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed high relatedness values between the type strains of B. axarquiensis, B. malacitensis and B. mojavensis and between these strains and a reference strain of B. mojavensis (83-98 %). Based on these molecular taxonomic data and the lack of phenotypic distinctive characteristics, Bacillus axarquiensis and Bacillus malacitensis should be reclassified as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis.

  19. Products and Processes of Agri-Scientific Service-Learning: Adding Harmony to Dopico and Garcia-Vazquez

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, George L.

    2011-01-01

    This forum response adds a conceptualization of harmony to Dopico and Vazquez' investigation of pedagogy that combines citizen science, environmental and cross-cultural research, and service-learning. Placing many appropriate and significant aspects of culturally situated science education in an authentically relational context beyond the…

  20. Products and processes of agri-scientific service-learning: adding harmony to Dopico and Garcia-Vázquez

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, George L.

    2011-06-01

    This forum response adds a conceptualization of harmony to Dopico and Vázquez' investigation of pedagogy that combines citizen science, environmental and cross-cultural research, and service-learning. Placing many appropriate and significant aspects of culturally situated science education in an authentically relational context beyond the classroom, this paper calls attention to insightful contributions and new directions for research, such as the process of inducing or eluding nihilism regarding ecological issues. How can such a question be researched effectively in order to learn about the family of pedagogies emerging in response to the need for more ecologically conscious and relationally authentic teaching across many disciplines? In this paper, I use a Vygotskian framework and an abbreviated case study of agricultural service-learning from my research, drawing attention to the importance of students' culturally-mediated construction of setting as they interact in older and newer ways.

  1. Canções, filmes e divas de Pubis Angelical na música de Charly Garcia (1972-1982

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Ogas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the first stage of Charly García‟s production, the cinema plays an important role. Several single songs, a thematic record and the music of two films are clear indications in this regard. The meaning space that opens from this subject allows appreciating some ideas that prevail in the author's proposal. Both the literal and the symbolic languages combine to convey a message of change to man extent but deeply involved in the social environment of his time.

  2. Further Improvements Needed in Navy’s Oversight and Management of Contracting for Facilities Construction on Diego Garcia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-05-23

    1981, the Navy awarded a cost reimbursable contract to a joint venture to construct facility projects for fiscal years 1981 and 1982 with an estimated...through fiscal year 1986. In July 1981, the Navy awarded a cost reimburs - able contract (cost plus award fee) to Raymond, Brown & Root, Molem, a joint...Navy’s oversight and management of the acquisition of these facilities. A COST REIMBURSABLE CONTRACT MAKES STRONG CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION VITAL Under

  3. The Reliability of the Narrator in Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children and Gabriel Garcia Marguez's One Hundred Years of Solitude

    OpenAIRE

    McFadden, Ronan

    2008-01-01

    In the simultaneously fantastic and earthly world of the magical-realist novel, where telepathic powers are discovered through the clearing of snot, or where girls ascend to heaven while hanging out the laundry, how do the narrators of Gabriel García Márquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude and Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children attempt to convince the reader of the narratives’ reliability? Can the reader really rely on the truth of such fantastic narratives? If not, what precisely are Garcí...

  4. Mystical experience relational language as a way of Teresa sanjuanista loving openness to others. Interview with Maximiliano Garcia Herraiz, OCD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALALITE Argentina

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Maximiliano Herraiz García OCD, Carmelite saints founders specialist and writer career and international recognition, Spanish by birth lived for ten years in Africa, and has traveled five continents evangelizing through the Carmelite mystics in dialogue with universal mysticism, now convinced of experiential dimension of faith. In this interview he reflects on the relationship between mystical experience and language, linking mission and mystical literature. As part of the preparation for the Fifth Centenary of the Birth of Teresa of Avila, highlights the urgency of considering his theology of friendship and ascetic mysticism as roads for the current century Christianity.

  5. Love Is True-Blue: Grandmothering in Rita Williams-Garcia's "One Crazy Summer" and "P.S. Be Eleven"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, KaaVonia; Branyon, Angela

    2016-01-01

    Recent images of President Obama's mother-in-law, Mrs. Marian Robinson, caring for her granddaughters in the White House are a powerful reminder of the prominence that grandmothers have had in African American communities. The significance of the grandmother figure can also be seen in award-winning literature for young adolescents such as in Rita…

  6. New records of amphoroid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae from Cachoeira River, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KP Cavalcante

    Full Text Available Amphoroid taxa have been revised in recent decades. Many species formerly assigned to Amphora have been transferred to other recently proposed genera, as Seminavis (Naviculaceae and Halamphora (Catenulaceae. In Brazil, there are few studies focused on amphoroid taxonomy. This study presents a taxonomic investigation of five uncommon amphoroid taxa from Brazilian diatom flora: Seminavis pusilla, S. strigosa, Amphora ectorii, Halamphora ghanensis and Halamphora sp. Seminavis strigosa is identical in valve morphology and morphometrical data to Amphora twenteana, and its synonymy is proposed. Seminavis pusilla, poorly found in Brazilian waters, has expanded its distribution. Halamphora ghanensis is a new record to American continent while Amphora ectorii are new to Brazilian aquatic systems. Halamphora sp. has distinct ultrastructural features in relation to similar species and is probably new for science.

  7. Phenotypic variation among trees in a population of a Pistacia atlantica X P. integerrima cross sold as UCB-1 rootstock for grafting P. vera (pistachio) cultivars

    Science.gov (United States)

    UCB-1 is widely used in California as a pistachio rootstock because of its Verticillium resistance, salt and cold tolerance, and vigor. It can grow in most locations in California. However, significant variation exists in the phenotypic performance of trees grafted to seedling UCB-1 rootstocks. In J...

  8. Experimental hybrid evaluation of maize, for the Colombian Atlantic coast; Evaluacion de hibridos experimentales de maiz para la costa Atlantica colombiana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urrea, R; Navas Arboleda, A A; Mejia, S; Ospina, J G

    1998-07-01

    To determine the yield potential and phenotypic stability four they were evaluated hybrid experimental simple and seven commercial witness of maize in eleven towns (L), during 1995 and 1996. The used experimental design was at random of complete blocks with four repetitions with parcels of four furrows of five m of longitude, distanced 0.90 m between furrows and 0.45 among blows (49 383 plts/ha) it Differ highly significant (smaller p 0.01) they were detected among genotype (G) and for the interaction G x L in the varieties yield. The analysis of stability of Eberhart and Russell (1966) it indicated that the genotypes had similar regression values; however, a clear tendency was observed to differentiate the behavior in yield of certain materials. The hybrid one experimental there are 76 and the commercial HR 661, they showed a good stability for yield.

  9. Precipitação efetiva em fragmento secundário da Mata Atlântica Net precipitation in a forest fragment of Mata Atlantica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos de Oliveira Júnior

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi conduzido na Estação Experimental de Treinamento e Educação Ambiental Mata do Paraíso, localizada no município de Viçosa, MG, e teve como objetivo avaliar a precipitação efetiva de um trecho mais recente de regeneração da mata natural secundária, no período compreendido entre setembro de 2002 e maio de 2003. Para isso, demarcaram-se três parcelas dentro da Mata do Paraíso, onde foram registradas 30 coletas da precipitação, em aberto e interna, e de escoamento pelo tronco, durante o período de 05/09/2002 a 07/05/2003, constituídas de um ou mais eventos de chuva. O estudo revelou precipitação efetiva de 849,6 mm, precipitação interna de 831,7 mm, escoamento pelo tronco de 17,9 mm e perda por interceptação de 189,9 mm, o que correspondeu, respectivamente, a 81,7%, 80,0%, 1,7% e 18,3% da precipitação em aberto, que foi igual a 1.039,5 mm.This study was carried out in the Mata do Paraiso Experimental Training and Educational Station located in Viçosa, Minas Gerais state with the objective of estimating the net precipitation along a segment of a recently regenerated native semideciduous secondary forest, from September 2002 to May 2003. Throughfall and stemflow measurements were registered in three plots. During the study period of 5/9/02 through 7/5/03, 30 rainfall events have been monitored. Results showed values of net precipitation of 849,6 mm, throughfall of 831,7 mm, stemflow of 17,9 mm and loss interception of 189,9 mm corresponding respectively to 81,7%, 80,0%, 1,7% and 18,3% of gross precipitation value which totaled 1039,5 mm for the study period.

  10. Hydroelectric resources. Inventory of the hydroelectric resources of the Atlantic Coast; Recursos hidroelectricos. Inventario de los recursos hidroelectricos de la Costa Atlantica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arrieta, R M; Insignares R, G

    1987-07-01

    Basically this report gives a clear vision of the possibilities of energy development in the Colombian Atlantic Coast, projects that contemplate a wide range as soon as it refers that is to say to generation ranges, they have been identified at level macro in the Sierra Nevada region and the Peasant with a profitable hydroelectric potential of 631 MW; in the Sinu region, 3 projects were identified with a profitable potential of 1186 MW and in the Magdalena region, was also identified 3 projects whose profitable potential is of 475 MW. At level micro, the carried out studies defined in the same previous regions a series of projects that they necessarily reach the megawatt. The report contains a description of each one of the identified projects and its current situation. It also presents a review of the makers of turbines that exist at the moment in the country.

  11. Le genre Victoriopisa signalé pour la première fois en Atlantique Nord: description de V. atlantica nov. sp. de Mauritanie (Crustacea, Amphipoda)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stock, Jan H.; Platvoet, Dirk

    1981-01-01

    A new species of Victoriopisa, a genus hitherto only known from Australia, India and Southern Africa, has been discovered in the North Atlantic, on intertidal sand flats of the Arguin Bank, Mauritania.

  12. Muusikamaailm : Lahkumiskingitus Udo Zimmermannile. Haitinki esimene "Tristan ja Isolde". Uusooper Garcia Lorca järgi. Schönbergi esietendus Viinis (!) / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    U. Zimmermann lahkub Leipzigi Ooperi juhi ja dirigendi kohalt ja asub Deutsche Operi etteotsa Berliinis. B. Haitink juhatab Londoni Kuninglikus Ooperis esmakordselt "Tristani ja Isolde" etendust. A. Reimanni uusooperist "Bernarda Alba maja". A. Schönbergi oratooriumi "Jakobsleiter" esietendusest Viini Riigiooperis

  13. Teoria de la mente y sociedad en la narrativa policiaca de Lorenzo Silva y Francisco Garcia Pavon: Estereotipos, roles de genero y minorias

    OpenAIRE

    Gorfti, Jesus Castro

    2016-01-01

    Spanish: The purpose of this study is to utilize certain aspects of cognitive psychology as a framework to analyze the police procedural novels of two Spanish authors: Francisco García Pavón and Lorenzo Silva. Specifically, we will focus on two main aspects of the mind studied by the cognitive sciences: Theory of Mind and metarepresentations. Theory of Mind (ToM) refers to the capacity that human beings have to attribute mental states to other humans, as well as oneself, based on their bod...

  14. GARCIA BERRIO, Antonio, La construcción imaginaria en Cántico de Jorge Guillén, Limoges (Trames, Universidad de Limoges, 1985.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina de Antonio Domínguez

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available La obra de Antonio García Berrio atiende a dos clases de problemas: en primer lugar es una aportación concreta, dentro del hispanismo, a la historia de la poesía española del siglo XX, en la que el poeta Jorge Guillén ha ocupado un puesto importante, aunque su obra, debido a una cierta frialdad y formalismo de los que se le ha acusado incluso por personalidades muy decisivas como Juan Ramón Jiménez, Cernuda o Gil de Biedma, no ha tenido tal vez una influencia general correspondiente a su prestigio en los ambientes más restringidamente universitarios. En segundo lugar el libro de García Berrio es una puesta al día y una adaptación de novedades metodológicas interesantes, tantodentro de la tradición de la crítica formalista, en la que la obra de este autor ha sido una de las más influyentes del hispanismo en Europa, como también en la actual metodología psicoanalítica, y especialmente en sus modalidadesde mitocrítica y poética del imaginario. Es en este segundo aspecto en el que centraré sobre todo esta reseña.

  15. Equações de volume e de taper para quantificar multiprodutos da madeira em Floresta Atlântica Volume and taper equations for wood multiproducts quantification in Floresta Atlantica-Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Franklin Chichorro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de ajustar uma equação de volume, a partir do modelo logaritmizado de Schumacher & Hall (1933, para estimar o volume comercial, e uma equação de afilamento (taper, a partir do modelo de Demaerschalk (1972, para estimar a quantidade de multiprodutos de madeira de espécies da Floresta Atlântica. Os dados foram coletados na Gleba C da Floresta Nacional do Rio Preto - IBAMA, no município de Conceição da Barra-ES. Foram mensuradas 165 árvores em pé, subdivididas em dez classes de diâmetro, com qualidade de fuste QF1 e pertencentes às espécies com maior VI e, ou, espécies de valor comercial. Essas árvores reuniram 62 espécies e 38 famílias. A equação de volume ajustou-se bem aos dados, com 2 igual a 0,9815 e resíduos normalmente distribuídos. A equação de taper também ajustou-se bem aos dados, com 2 igual a 0,9346 e distribuição gráfica dos resíduos normal. Pelo teste F (Graybill, 1976, constatou-se que houve igualdade entre os diâmetros observados e os diâmetros estimados pela equação de taper. A partir de transformações algébricas da equação de taper, foram estimados a altura para um determinado diâmetro superior d e o volume do tronco ou de parte dele. Em seguida, podem ser estimados o número de toras e o respectivo volume, em função do comprimento da tora, do diâmetro superior d mínimo e do uso desejado, o que permite avaliar a árvore em pé.This study was carried out to estimate a volume equation from a logarithmic model of Schumacher & Hall (1933 for comercial volume determination and a taper equation from the model of Demaerschalk (1972, to estimate wood multiproducts yield in Floresta Atlântica. Data were collected in Gleba C (C Glebe, with 289.5 hectares, owned by Floresta Nacional do Rio Preto (Rio Preto National Forest, under the administration of IBAMA, located in Conceição da Barra - Espírito Santo, Brazil. A total of 165 standing trees were measured, subdivided into 10 diameter classes, with bole quality QF1, with the greatest VI, and/or species of commercial value. These trees represented 62 species and 38 families. The volume equation fitted well within the data, with 2 of 0.9815, and normally distributed residues. The taper equation also fitted well within the data, with 2 of 0.9346 and graphic distribution of the residues was normal. The F test (Graybill, 1976 showed equivalence between the observed and estimated diameters by the taper equation. The taper equation algebric transformations allowed to estimate the height for a given superior diameter d, and the trunk volume for a desired use, allowing to evaluate the amount of multiproducts for standing trees.

  16. Trap-nests used by Centris (Heterocentris) terminata Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini) at secondary Atlantic Forest fragments, in Salvador, Bahia State; Ninhos de Centris (Heterocentris) terminata Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini) em fragmentos de Mata Atlantica secundaria, Salvador, BA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drummmont, Patricia; Viana, Blandina F. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia. Lab. de Biologia e Ecologia de Abelhas (LABEA); Silva, Fabiana O. da [Faculdade Tecnologia e Ciencias (FTC), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Faculdades Jorge Amado, Savador, BA (Brazil)

    2008-05-15

    Ninety-five nests of Centris (Heterocentris) terminata Smith were collected in trap nests, during November/2001 and January/2003, at two fragments (PZGV e CFO-UFBA) of secondary Atlantic Forest, in Salvador, Bahia State (13 deg 01' W and 38 deg 30' S). The highest nest frequencies occurred from December to February (summer), with no nests foundations from August to October (winter - early spring). Two-hundred eight adults emerged from 347 brood cells, being 164 males and 116 females (1: 0.42). During the study period sex ratio was male biased ({chi}{sup 2} = 9.342; gl = 10; P < 0.05). C. terminata nested in holes with diameters 6, 8, 10 mm, but 84,2% were constructed in 8 and 10 mm. nests had one to seven cells arranged in a linear series with the cell's partitions built with a mixture of sand and resin or oil. Male is significantly smaller than female, which emerges from the first cells constructed. Immature mortality occurred in 14.1% of brood cells (n 49), of which 13.0% were due fail in development and 1.2% due to parasitism of Coelioxys sp. (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) e Tetraonyx sp. (Coleoptera: Meloidae). In the study site, weather, mainly pluviosity, rather than natural enemies influenced seasonal population abundance. The long period of nesting activity, local abundance and usage of trap nests, suggest the potential of C. terminata for management aiming at pollination of native and cultivated plants. (author)

  17. Relações externas congolesas na primeira década do séc. XVII, em termos de D. Álvaro II: a emabixada de D. Garcia Baptista e D. António Manuel

    OpenAIRE

    Amaral, Ílidio

    2012-01-01

    FOREIGN CONGOLESE RELATIONS IN THE FIRST DECADE OF THE XVIIth CENTURY, IN THE TIMES OF D. ALVARO II: THE EMBASSY OF D. GARIA BAPTISTA AND D. ANTONIO MANUEL - This article provides an insight into the diplomatic relationship between the Kingdom of Congo, Portugal and Spain and the Vatican in the first decade of the XVIIth century (1604-1608), being king of Congo D. Alvaro II, whose african name was Mpangu-a-Nimi Lukeni Lua Mvemba, and reigned from 1587 to 1618. Some notes are given through sev...

  18. Relações externas congolesas na primeira década do séc. XVII, em termos de D. Álvaro II: a embaixada de D. Garcia Baptista e D. António Manuel

    OpenAIRE

    Ílidio do Amaral

    1997-01-01

    FOREIGN CONGOLESE RELATIONS IN THE FIRST DECADE OF THE XVIIth CENTURY, IN THE TIMES OF D. ALVARO II: THE EMBASSY OF D. GARIA BAPTISTA AND D. ANTONIO MANUEL - This article provides an insight into the diplomatic relationship between the Kingdom of Congo, Portugal and Spain and the Vatican in the first decade of the XVIIth century (1604-1608), being king of Congo D. Alvaro II, whose african name was Mpangu-a-Nimi Lukeni Lua Mvemba, and reigned from 1587 to 1618. Some notes are given through sev...

  19. Application of a mixture of soils to create a stable layer of support on the slope in ponds waterproofed with geo membranes. Application to a specific case in the reservoir Conseller Jose Ramon Garcia Anton in Elche (Alicante)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferran Gozalvez, F. J.; Ferrer Gisbert, C.; Redon Santafe, M.; Perez Sanchez, M.; Torregrosa Solar, J. S.; Zapata Raboso, F. J.; Sanchez Romero, F. J.

    2014-01-01

    This text present the experience developed in a reservoir in Elche (Alicante). This communication explains the importance of the layer of support to prevent the punching. This phenomenon can occur in a reservoir that has a deficient layer of support. Also, the paper describes the requirements to be met by the support layer to perform its function. (Author)

  20. Application of a mixture of soils to create a stable layer of support on the slope in ponds waterproofed with geo membranes. Application to a specific case in the reservoir Conseller Jose Ramon Garcia Anton in Elche (Alicante); Aplicacion de una mezcla de suelos para el desarrollo de la capa de apoyo estable a lo largo del tiempo en los taludes para la geomembrana de la balsa Conseller Jose Ramon Garcia Anton en Elche. Alicante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferran Gozalvez, F. J.; Ferrer Gisbert, C.; Redon Santafe, M.; Perez Sanchez, M.; Torregrosa Solar, J. S.; Zapata Raboso, F. J.; Sanchez Romero, F. J.

    2014-02-01

    This text present the experience developed in a reservoir in Elche (Alicante). This communication explains the importance of the layer of support to prevent the punching. This phenomenon can occur in a reservoir that has a deficient layer of support. Also, the paper describes the requirements to be met by the support layer to perform its function. (Author)

  1. Aerobic Denitrification as an Innovative Method for In-Situ Biological Remediation of Contaminated Subsurface Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    roseus Bacillus stearothermophilus Micrococcus varians Paracoccus denitrificans Bacillus coagulans Paracoccus halodenitrificans Bacillus flrmus Bacillus ...Geodermatophilus Plesiomonas Arachnia Haemophilus Propionibacterium Arthrobacter Halobacteriua Proteus Bacillus Ifalocuccus Pseudoraonas Bacteroides...Mycobacterium peregrinum Nocardia opaca Chromobacterium violaceum Bacillus subtllis Nocardia atlantica Bacillus licheniformis Flavobacterium

  2. Marine bacterial transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and TEP precursors: Characterization and RO fouling potential

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Sheng; Winters, Harvey; Jeong, Sanghyun; Emwas, Abdul-Hamid M.; Vigneswaran, Saravanamuthu; Amy, Gary L.

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigated the characteristics and membrane fouling potential of bacterial transparent exopolymer particles (TEP)/TEP precursors released from two marine bacteria, Pseudidiomarina homiensis (P. homiensis) and Pseudoalteromonas atlantica

  3. New species of Aphaereta Foerster, 1862 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) from Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arouca, R.G.; Gomes, S.A.G.; Yamada, M.V.; Penteado-Dias, A.M.

    2009-01-01

    Aphaereta atlantica spec. nov. has been described from material collected at the Atlantic forest in Brazil. The species was present during both the dry and rainy seasons. The male and female are described and illustrated.

  4. Rootstock effects on pistachio trees grown in Verticillium dahliae-infested soil

    OpenAIRE

    Epstein, Lynn; Beede, R; Kaur, S; Ferguson, L

    2004-01-01

    In a field trial in soil infested with Verticillium dahliae, we compared the yield, growth, incidence of symptoms of Verticillium wilt, and mortality of two interspecific hybrid pistachio tree rootstocks (UCBI and PGII) with the standard rootstocks: the V dahliae-resistant and susceptible Pistacia integerrima and P. atlantica, respectively. After 10 years, the trees were destructively sampled for V dahliae in the xylem at the graft union. The results indicate that trees on the (P. atlantica '...

  5. Study of the inorganic constituents in different species of Casearia medicinal plant collected in distinct regions of the Atlantic Forest, SP State, Brazil; Estudo sobre os constituintes inorganicos presentes em diferentes especies da planta medicinal do genero Casearia coletadas em regioes distintas da Mata Atlantica, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, Celina Izumi

    2006-07-01

    The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases has increased significantly in the last years, as has research concerning chemical characterization of these plants. In this study, inorganic constituents were determined in leaves and in extracts from three medicinal plant species of the Casearia genus (C. sylvestris, C. decandra and C. obliqua) collected in distinct regions of the Atlantic Forest, SP. The elemental compositions of the soils in which these plants were grown were also determined. Traditionally, these plants are used due to their antiinflammatory, antiacid, antiseptic and cicatrizing properties. The antiulcer and the antitumor activities of the Casearia genus and its capacity to neutralize snake and bee venoms, have also been scientifically confirmed. The analytical methodology used was neutron activation analysis. Long and short irradiation periods of the samples and the standards were carried out at IPEN's IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. In the leaf K was found at the percentage levels, Ca, Cl, Mg and Na at mg g{sup -1} levels and the elements Br, Fe, Mn, Rb and Zn at the {mu}g g{sup -1} levels. As, Co, Cr, Cs, La, Sb, Sc and Se at the ng g{sup -1} levels. Results obtained in the extracts indicated that the same elements present in the leaves are also found in their extracts. The comparison between the inorganic composition of Casearia sylvestris leaves collected from three different regions of the Atlantic Forest showed that the elemental concentrations in the plants leaves varied depending on the place where they were grown. Different Casearia species cultivated in a same region presented similar elemental compositions. Based on these findings it can be concluded that the studies about the pharmacological effect of Casearia genus plants grown in different types of soil are of great importance. The quality of the obtained results was assured by the analyses of the certified reference materials NIST 1573a Tomato Leaves, NIST 1515 Apple Leaves, INCT-TL-1 Tea Leaves, IAEA-Soil-7 and USGS W1. The relative standard deviations and the relative errors obtained in these analyses indicated good precision and accuracy of the results. (author)

  6. Composition of essential oils from the leaves of six species of the Baccharis genus from 'campos de altitude' of the atlantic forest of Sao Paulo; Composicao quimica dos oleos essenciais das folhas de seis especies do genero Baccharis de 'campos de altitude' da Mata Atlantica Paulista

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lago, Joao Henrique G.; Romoff, Paulete; Favero, Oriana A. [Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias e Humanidades]. E-mail: joaolago@mackenzie.com.br; Soares, Marisi G.; Baraldi, Patricia T.; Correa, Arlene G. [Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCAR), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Souza, Fatima O. [Instituto de Botanica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secao de Curadoria do Herbario

    2008-07-01

    The essential oils from the leaves of six species of the Baccharis genus (B. dracunculifolia, B. microdonta, B. regnelli, B. schultzii, B. trimera, and B. uncinella), collected in the 'Campos de Altitude' of the Atlantic Forest (SP), were extracted using hydrodistillation procedures and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. There was a predominance of sesquiterpenes in all studied oils as {beta}-elemene in B. dracunculifolia and B. regnelli, {alpha}-humulene in B. trimera, {gamma}-gurjunene in B. schultzii, bicyclogermacrene in B. regnelli, {delta}-cadinene in B. regnelli and B. uncinella, spathulenol in B. schultzii, caryophyllene oxide in B. microdonta and guaiol in B. uncinella. However, a high amount of monoterpenes was also observed in B. uncinella ({alpha}-pinene), B. regnelli ({delta}-car-3-ene) and B. schultzii (limonene). The chemical compounds of the essential oils of B. schultzii, B. regnelli and B. microdonta are described for the first time in this work. (author)

  7. Establishment of mixed reforestation with typical Atlantic forest species as a function of minimum or intensive soil cultivation and weed control; Estabelecimento de reflorestamentos mistos com especies tipicas da mata Atlantica, em funcao do cultivo minimo ou intensivo do solo e do controle de plantas invasoras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, Jose Leonardo de Moraes; Gandara, Flavio [Sao Paulo Univ., Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz. Dept. de Ciencias Florestais]. E-mail: jlmgonca@carpa.ciagri.usp.br; Goncalves, Janio Carlos; Oliveira, Donizete Barbosa de; Simionato, Jose Luiz do Amaral [Companhia Energetica de Sao Paulo (CESP), SP (Brazil); Cenci, Silvia [Sao Paulo Univ., Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)

    1999-07-15

    The objectives of this research were: to study the effect of different methods of site cleaning and soil preparation on the reforestation growths established with typical species of the Atlantic Forest; and to evaluate the efficiency of different methods of weed control from planting time to canopy closure. The trial was installed (from Feb to May 1995) around the reservoir of Mario Lopes Leao hydroelectric plant owned by the Electric Power of Sao Paulo (CESP), municipal district of Promissao, SP. The climate of the area is tropical with dry winter (Cwa, classification of Koeppen). The soil was characterized as an Red-Dark Latosol, medium texture. Six treatments arranged in a randomized block design with four replications were tested: 1) herbicide application over total area, planting in furrows (PF), manual weeding in the planting row (MWR) and herbicide application inter rows (HAI); 2) slashing in total area (STA), planting hole (Ph), MW R and slashing inter rows: 3) STA, slash burning (SB), heavy and light harrowing (HLH), PF, MWR and HAI; 4) STA, SB, PF, MWR and HAI; 5) STA, SB, PF, HLH, MWR and HAI; and 6) SAT, SB, two heavy harrowing, PH, selective weed control in the rows and inter rows. The plantation was accomplished with a composition of nine species: pioneers - Trema micrantha, Guazuma ulmifolia and Croton urucurana; secondary - Peltophorum dubium, Gallesia integrifolia and Ormosia arborea and climax - Tabebuia avellanedae, Hymenaea courbaril and Genipa americana. The pioneer and secondary species presented the highest results to the applied treatments. In all treatments where weed control was made with herbicide (glyphosate), the occurrence of Panicum maximum, common species in the area, was very restricted. The growth rates were intensified and the under story presented more diversified composition of weed species, with predominance of broad leaves. Opposite results were observed when weed controlled was manually or mechanically. The largest differences between the best and worst treatments were verified for root collar diameter (RCD) and crown projection diameter (CPD) parameters. These parameters were highly correlated to each other. Considering tree growth response together with the operational costs of establishment and maintenance, the best treatment was that in which weeds were controlled with herbicide on inter rows and soil preparations restricted to planting rows. No effect on tree growth or weed control was observed for burning vegetable residues on the ground after two years of planting time. (author)

  8. Study of the inorganic constituents in different species of Casearia medicinal plant collected in distinct regions of the Atlantic Forest, SP State, Brazil; Estudo sobre os constituintes inorganicos presentes em diferentes especies da planta medicinal do genero Casearia coletadas em regioes distintas da Mata Atlantica, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, Celina Izumi

    2006-07-01

    The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases has increased significantly in the last years, as has research concerning chemical characterization of these plants. In this study, inorganic constituents were determined in leaves and in extracts from three medicinal plant species of the Casearia genus (C. sylvestris, C. decandra and C. obliqua) collected in distinct regions of the Atlantic Forest, SP. The elemental compositions of the soils in which these plants were grown were also determined. Traditionally, these plants are used due to their antiinflammatory, antiacid, antiseptic and cicatrizing properties. The antiulcer and the antitumor activities of the Casearia genus and its capacity to neutralize snake and bee venoms, have also been scientifically confirmed. The analytical methodology used was neutron activation analysis. Long and short irradiation periods of the samples and the standards were carried out at IPEN's IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. In the leaf K was found at the percentage levels, Ca, Cl, Mg and Na at mg g{sup -1} levels and the elements Br, Fe, Mn, Rb and Zn at the {mu}g g{sup -1} levels. As, Co, Cr, Cs, La, Sb, Sc and Se at the ng g{sup -1} levels. Results obtained in the extracts indicated that the same elements present in the leaves are also found in their extracts. The comparison between the inorganic composition of Casearia sylvestris leaves collected from three different regions of the Atlantic Forest showed that the elemental concentrations in the plants leaves varied depending on the place where they were grown. Different Casearia species cultivated in a same region presented similar elemental compositions. Based on these findings it can be concluded that the studies about the pharmacological effect of Casearia genus plants grown in different types of soil are of great importance. The quality of the obtained results was assured by the analyses of the certified reference materials NIST 1573a Tomato Leaves, NIST 1515 Apple Leaves, INCT-TL-1 Tea Leaves, IAEA-Soil-7 and USGS W1. The relative standard deviations and the relative errors obtained in these analyses indicated good precision and accuracy of the results. (author)

  9. Influence of Atlantic Rain Forest remnants on the biological control of Euselasia apisaon (Dahman) (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) by Trichogramma maxacalii (Voegele and Pointel) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae); Efeitos de remanescentes de Mata Atlantica no controle biologico de Euselasia apisaon (Dahman) (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) por Trichogramma maxacalii (Voegele e Pointel) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murta, Aline F.; Ker, Fabricio T.O.; Costa, Dalbert B. [Centro Universitario do Leste de Minas Gerais (UnilesteMG), Coronel Fabriciano, MG (Brazil). Lab. de Controle Biologico de Pragas; Espirito-Santo, Mario M.; Faria, Mauricio L. [Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, MG (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Biologicas e da Saude. Dept. de Biologia Geral

    2008-03-15

    This study evaluated the effects of Atlantic Rain Forest remnants on the natural biological control of Euselasia apisaon (Dahman) by the parasitoid Trichogramma maxacalii (Voegele and Pointel) in Eucalyptus plantations. The number of E. apisaon eggs/leaf was higher in the center than in the edge of the plantations (23.5 {+-} 7.61 vs. 14.8 {+-} 3.14), but parasitism showed the reversed pattern (72.4% in the center and 80.5% in the edge). The results indicated that natural regulation exerted by T. maxacalii on populations of E. apisaon may be enhanced by the preservation of fragments of native vegetation surrounding Eucalyptus plantations. (author)

  10. Concentration of thorium and uranium in the ecosystem of Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlantica) of Pernambuco state; Concentração de tório e urânio no ecossistema de Mata Atlântica do estado de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Fabiano S.; Silva, Waldecy A.; Lira, Marcelo B.G.; Souza, Ebenezer M. de; França, Elvis de, E-mail: biologofabiano10@gmail.com, E-mail: waldecy372@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: liramarcelo@hotmail.com, E-mail: ejfranca@yahoo.com [Centro Regional de Ciências Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    Thorium (Th) and Uranium (U) are distributed throughout the earth's crust. The mean thorium concentration ranges from 6 to 15 ppm, which makes it 3 times more abundant than uranium. These radionuclides in their natural form, and in low amounts, do not present a risk to the population because they have low activity, but the effects caused by the accumulation in living beings have not yet been fully elucidated. This work aims to evaluate the concentration of Th and U in the soils of an excerpt in the Atlantic Forest in the State of Pernambuco. Soil sampling (depth 0-20 cm) occurred in the projection of tree crowns of the predominant species in the studied areas. After drying and comminution, samples of 0.1 g of soil were submitted to chemical treatment to enable the analysis. This treatment consisted in the addition of 9 ml of HNO{sub 3} (nitric acid) and 3 ml of HF (hydrofluoric acid) with subsequent heating of the sample and reference materials in a digester oven. The concentrations of Th and U were quantified by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry - ICP-MS. The mean concentrations found were: 10.5 mg kg{sup -1} for thorium and 2.18 mg.kg{sup -1} for uranium, with values of 35 mg.kg{sup -1} and 26 mg.kg{sup -1} quantified in a thorium sample and uranium respectively. In this region, uranium and thorium hotspot were found, which reinforces the need for greater attention to these radionuclides in the Atlantic Forest of the State of Pernambuco.

  11. Isabel Georges et Yumi Garcia dos Santos, Les nouvelles politiques sociales brésiliennes dans la santé et l’assistance aux personnes – Production locale de service et rapports de genre (As novas políticas

    OpenAIRE

    Azaïs, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Cet ouvrage, publié en 2016 au Brésil, est le fruit de plusieurs années de recherches menées par deux sociologues. Il pose la question de l’émergence de « nouvelles » politiques sociales en Amérique latine et plus particulièrement au Brésil, ces vingt dernières années, et de leur signification une trentaine d’années après la redémocratisation du pays. Ce pays, souvent présenté comme le laboratoire d’expérimentation des politiques sociales, notamment avec le programme-phare Bolsa Família (Bour...

  12. Currents, pressure, temperature, conductivity, and sigma-theta data collected for the EuroSTRATAFORM PASTA experiment from moorings deployed from the SEWARD JOHNSON II and the GARCIA DEL CID from November 8, 2002 to February 16, 2003 (NODC Accession 0067556)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The EuroSTRATAFORM Po and Apennine Sediment Transport and Accumulation (PASTA) experiment was an international study of sediment-transport processes and formation of...

  13. Effects of Repeated Acute Stress in Obese and Non-Obese Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-02

    level of corticosterone occurs approximately 30 minutes after the stressor terminates (Garcia, Marti, Valles, Dal-Zotto, & Armario , 2000). Some studies...Garcia, Marti, Valles, Oal-Zotto, & Armario , 2000; Schrijver et aI., 2002). This repeated, mild stressor provides a model of daily or frequent...Response in Rats. Physiology and Behavior, 63(4),693-697. Garcia, A., Marti, 0., Valles, A., Dal-Zotto, S., & Armario , A. (2000). Recovery of the

  14. ガブリエル・ガルシア・マルケスの研究 : 『百年の孤独』と魔術的リアリズム

    OpenAIRE

    依藤, 道夫; YORIFUJI, Michio

    2003-01-01

    This paper is a study on Gabriel Garcia Marquez's great masterpiece One Hundred Years of Solitude, which is a very famous "magical realism" novel. Garcia Marquez is a Nobel Prize winning author of Colombia and he wrote novels, both long ones and short, the background of which was an imaginary village (town) "Macondo". It was very smilar to Aracataca, Garcia Marquez's hometown in northern Colombia. The images of not a few characters and episodes of this novel were from his real hometown. Thus ...

  15. Marine bacterial transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and TEP precursors: Characterization and RO fouling potential

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Sheng

    2015-10-31

    This paper investigated the characteristics and membrane fouling potential of bacterial transparent exopolymer particles (TEP)/TEP precursors released from two marine bacteria, Pseudidiomarina homiensis (P. homiensis) and Pseudoalteromonas atlantica (P. atlantica), isolated from the Red Sea. Results showed that both bacteria grew at the similar rate, but the production of TEP/TEP precursors from P. atlantica was higher than that from P. homiensis. During the 168. h of incubation time, production rates of TEP/TEP precursors from P. atlantica and P. homiensis were 0.30 and 0.08 xanthan gum eq. mg/L-h, respectively. Isolated bacterial TEP precursors were mainly biopolymer, and P. atlantica produced a significantly higher concentration of biopolymer than that produced by P. homiensis. TEP/TEP precursors from both marine bacteria possessed protein-like material and were very similar in composition to previously reported foulants isolated from a fouled reverse osmosis (RO) membrane. Bacterial TEP/TEP precursors mostly consisted of aliphatic hydrocarbon from amino acids and amide group carbon of proteins (around 55%). Bacterial TEP precursors caused obvious fouling on RO membranes, which may create an ideal environment for bacteria attachment and promote to biofouling.

  16. The tadpole of Chiasmocleis carvalhoi and the advertisement calls of three species of Chiasmocleis (Anura, Microhylidae from the Atlantic rainforest of southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Wogel

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The tadpole of Chiasmocleis carvalhoi is figured and described for the first time from individuals collected in the State of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. The advertisement calls of C. atlantica, C. capixaba, and C. carvalhoi also are described and compared with the advertisement calls of others Chiasmocleis species restricted to Atlantic Rainforest. The advertisement calls of C. atlantica, C. capixaba, and C. carvalhoi are similar, consisting of one pulsed note of harmonic structure emitted repetitively. Our study corroborates the monophyly of the genus Chiasmocleis based on similarities in advertisement calls. Calls of syntopic species (C. atlantica with C. carvalhoi and C. capixaba with C. schubarti were less similar than those of closely related allopatric species.

  17. New species of Bryozoa from Madeira associated with rhodoliths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto, Javier; Reverter-Gil, Oscar; Ostrovsky, Andrew N

    2014-05-12

    Four new species of cheilostomate Bryozoa encrusting rhodoliths on Maërl beds are described from material collected at a single locality at Madeira Island. These are Coronellina atlantica n. sp., Hippothoa muripinnata n. sp., Chorizopora rosaria n. sp. and Hippoporella maderensis n. sp. A species of Schizomavella is left in open nomenclature. The genus Coronellina is transferred from the family Calescharidae and assigned to Microporidae. The close similarity of C. atlantica n. sp., a non-opesiulate species with deep depressions, to Coronellina fagei with opesiules, implies that the generally accepted evolutionary sequence from non-opesiulate to opesiulate species might not be the rule.

  18. A Potentially Endangered New Species of Euptychia Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from the Atlantic Coastal Forest of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakahara, S; Barbosa, E P; Freitas, A V L

    2017-06-01

    A new satyrine species in the subtribe Euptychiina, Euptychia atlantica Nakahara & Freitas sp. nov., is described from the Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil. Based on the existing museum specimens, E. atlantica sp. nov. is known from the coastal montane forests of Rio de Janeiro to south Bahia, a unique biogeographical region which is undergoing rapid degradation. Illustrations of adults and their genitalia, as well as a distribution map, are provided herein, in addition to a discussion of the relationships and conservation status of the new species.

  19. Disease: H01806 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available P, Castrejon N, Poletta F, Guillen-Navarro E, Gordo G, Mansilla E, Garcia-Santiago F, Gonzalez-Casado I, Va...llespin E, Palomares M, Mori MA, Santos-Simarro F, Garcia-Minaur S, Fernandez L, Mena R, Benito-Sanz S, del

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U16395-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available virus 241ext gene for puta... 41 0.060 C72174( C72174 ) D8R protein - variola minor virus (strain Garcia...rio proteasome (prosome, m... 40 0.10 C72175( C72175 ) G1R protein - variola minor virus (strain Garcia-...

  1. Reference: 693 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 693 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18036201i Garcia Mar...nzyme MurE has an essential role in chloroplast development. 6 924-34 18036201 2008 Mar The Plant journal Garcia

  2. Disease: H00925 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available the HSD17B10 gene. See also H00658. ICD-10: E71.3 MeSH: C536080 OMIM: 300438 PMID:16148061 ... AUTHORS ... Perez-Cerda C, Garcia...-Villoria J, Ofman R, Sala PR, Merinero B, Ramos J, Garcia-Silva

  3. Disease: H00481 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available -1172-2-7 ... PMID:21552474 ... AUTHORS ... Garcia-Hoyos M, Auz-Alexandre CL, Almoguera B, Cantalapiedra D, Riveiro...-Alvarez R, Lopez-Martinez MA, Gimenez A, Blanco-Kelly F, Avila-Fernandez A, Trujillo-Tiebas MJ, Garcia-Sand

  4. Audio Twister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cermak, Daniel; Moreno Garcia, Rodrigo; Monastiridis, Stefanos

    2015-01-01

    Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath, Rodrigo Moreno Garcia, Stefanos Monastiridis. Audio Twister. Installation. P-Hack Copenhagen 2015, Copenhagen, DK, Apr 24, 2015.......Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath, Rodrigo Moreno Garcia, Stefanos Monastiridis. Audio Twister. Installation. P-Hack Copenhagen 2015, Copenhagen, DK, Apr 24, 2015....

  5. Development of New Generation of Multibody System Computer Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-02

    absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF) that has many desirable features (Dufva et al, 2005; Garcia- Vallejo et al, 2008; Schwab and Meijaard, 2010...Beam Element Based on the Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation," Sound and Vibration, Vol. 280, pp. 719-738. 4. Garcia- Vallejo , D., Mayo, J., and

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    5 mai 2016 ... Garcia JA, Garcia-Fernandez M, Romance A, Sanchez JC. Wandering spleen and gastric volvulus. Pediatr Radiol. 1994;. 24(7): 535-6. PubMed | Google Scholar. 3. Melikoglu M, Colak T, Kasasoglu. Two unusual cases of wandering spleen requiring splenectomy. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1995; 5(1): 48-9.

  7. 78 FR 30846 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... information technology. Comments may be sent to Jon Garcia, Program Analysis and Monitoring Branch, Child... information collection should be directed to Jon Garcia, Program Analysis and Monitoring Branch, Child... CACFP to provide cash reimbursement and commodity assistance, on a per meal basis, for food service to...

  8. Screening wild oat accessions from Morocco for resistance to Puccinia coronata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Here we report the screening of 338 new accessions of 11 different wild oat species (Avena) from the USDA Small Grains Collection for resistance to crown rust (Puccinia coronata). Wild oat species were originally collected in Morocco by C. Al Faiz, INRAT Rabat: Avena agadiriana, A. atlantica, A. bar...

  9. During the British Antarctic Survey's Offshore Biological Programme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    high wingfold thickened to form a ridge, long wing, short crest; hood long relative to crest and broadly notched in the midline; thickened fold running to lower part ... soma (Goodrich, 1896), C. imperator Chun, 1910, C. atlantica (MacDonald & Clench, 1934), C. joubini. Voss, 1967, C. capensis Voss, 1967 and C. calyx. Young ...

  10. Restoration practicesin Brazil's Atlantic rainforest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge Correa de Lima Palidon; Maisa dos Santos Guapyassu

    2005-01-01

    The atlantic Rain Forst (Mata Atlantica) extends along the southern coast of Brazil and inland into Argentina and Paraguay. Originally covering 15% of the land area of Brazil, it was a region of an estimated 1.3 million km2 (MMA 2000). Today, remnants of the Atlantic Forest represents about 8% of the original area, or some 94,000 km2...

  11. Discovery of viruses and virus-like pathogens in pistachio using high-throughput sequencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) trees from the National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR) and orchards in California were surveyed for viruses and virus-like agents by high-throughput sequencing (HTS). Analyses of 60 trees including clonal UCB-1 hybrid rootstock (P. atlantica × P. integerrima) identif...

  12. The Physical Oceanography of the Alboran Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-01

    concentrated in Lanoix, 1974) fluctuated about 38.47 ppt and 13.15’C , ie northern part (Fig. 20). Its path in the eastern basin (in situ ). Bryden et al...inclinacion transversal de las W ater. aguas atlanticas y Mediterraneas en el Estrecho de Gibraltar. Boletin del Instituto Espaiol de X1. References

  13. Calidad de vida y desarrollo infantil (Quality of Life and Children's Development). Working Papers in Early Childhood Development No. 17.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amar Amar, Jose Juan

    In Latin America and the Caribbean, 240 million people, or 50 percent of the population, live in poverty. This report, written in Spanish, summarizes research by the Proyecto Costa Atlantica into the effects of such widespread poverty on the cognitive and social development of children. After an introduction on the general responses of the…

  14. Barbabos Deep-Water Sponges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soest, van R.W.M.; Stentoft, N.

    1988-01-01

    Deep-water sponges dredged up in two locations off the west coast of Barbados are systematically described. A total of 69 species is recorded, among which 16 are new to science, viz. Pachymatisma geodiformis, Asteropus syringiferus, Cinachyra arenosa, Theonella atlantica. Corallistes paratypus,

  15. Maritime Factors Affecting Iberian Security,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    afirme/ que para las sovie’ticas una campaiia en gran escala dirigida contra las comunicaciones marftimas del Atlantica Norte durante el perfada inicial...defender sus l ’neas de comunicacion maritima; y cuarta -- y a mi parecer la consideracion mas importante -- las otras tareas que la marina de guerra

  16. Biogeography and molar morphology of Pleistocene African elephants: new evidence from Elandsfontein, Western Cape Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kathlyn M.; Stynder, Deano D.

    2015-05-01

    Elandsfontein (EFT) is a Middle Pleistocene archaeological/paleontological site located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The largest herbivore in the assemblage is Loxodonta atlantica zulu, an extinct member of the genus that includes modern African elephants. No Elephas recki specimens were recovered at EFT, despite their common occurrence in other regions of Africa at the same time. Because E. recki and L. atlantica molars are similar in appearance, but the two species are traditionally viewed as dominating different regions of Africa during the Pleistocene, isolated molars may on occasions have been assessed to species level on the basis of geography rather than morphology. The last morphologic evaluation of EFT elephants was conducted in the 1970s, and revisiting this issue with new specimens provides added insight into the evolution of elephants in Africa. Reevaluating morphological characteristics of EFT elephant molars, through qualitative and quantitative description and comparison with Middle Pleistocene E. recki recki, L. atlantica atlantica, and L. atlantica zulu molar morphology, corroborates assessment of EFT elephants as L. a. zulu. Two recently discovered, previously undescribed molars from EFT show that molars of L. a. zulu exhibit greater variation in enamel thickness, lamellar frequency, and occlusal surface morphology than previously reported. An update of the Pleistocene biogeography of Loxodonta and Elephas indicates that fossil remains of both are often found at the same localities in eastern Africa. Their rare co-occurrences in the north and south, however, suggest geographic separation of the two genera in at least some regions of Africa, which may have been based on habitat preference.

  17. Sensors and Algorithms for an Unmanned Surf-Zone Robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    AXV TESIS - COMPLEMENTARY FILTER TEST % File writen by Oscar Garcia 24/08/15 clear all clc clf imu = fopen(’imucomp2.txt’,’r’); 178...IMU data fusion and filtering using a first order Kalman filter. % AXV TESIS - IMU KALMAN FILTER TEST % File writen by Oscar Garcia 30/08/15...AXV_IMU_EKF.m It performs IMU data fusion and filtering using an extended Kalman filter. % AXV TESIS - IMU EKF TEST % File writen by Oscar Garcia 30/08

  18. Targeting of Breast Cancer through MT1-MMP/Tetraspanin Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    182, 765-776. Gordon- Alonso , M., Yanez-Mo, M., Barreiro, O., Alvarez, S., Munoz- Fernandez , M. A., Valenzuela- Fernandez , A. and Sanchez-Madrid, F...Diaz, R., Megias, D., Genis, L., Garcia -Grande, A., Garcia , M. A., Arroyo, A. G., and Montoya, M. C. (2007). MT1-MMP proinvasive activity is regulated by...metalloproteinases as drug targets and anti-targets for cancer therapy. Nat. Rev. Cancer 6, 227–239. Penas, P. F., Garcia -Diez, A., Sanchez-Madrid, F

  19. Disease: H00119 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , Zeevaert R, Mills P, Garcia-Silva MT, Briones P, Winchester B, Morelle W, Krieg...2006) DOI:10.1073/pnas.0507685103 ... PMID:17220172 (CDG type IIh) ... AUTHORS ... Foulquier F, Ungar D, Reynders E

  20. Single nucleotide polymorphism in genome-wide association of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mohd Fareed

    2012-09-25

    Sep 25, 2012 ... Codeine, Tramadol, Acetaminophen. CYP2C9. Celecoxib .... Pharmacogenet- ics of acute azathioprine toxicity: relationship to thiopurine ... Martinez C, Cueto R,. Garcia-Martin E. Pharmacogenomics in drug induced liver.

  1. Tsvetok zla / Ljudmila Ingina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingina, Ljudmila

    2005-01-01

    Mehhiko näitleja Gael Garcia Bernali elust, filmirollidest. Rahvusvahelise tuntuse tõi näitlejale peaosa filmis "Halb kasvatus" ("La mala educacion") : režissöör Pedro Almodovar : Hispaania 2004

  2. Gael Garsija Bernal : Tshem ja eto zasluzhil? / Vlad Bull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bull, Vlad

    2006-01-01

    Mehhiko näitleja Gael Garcia Bernali (s. 1978) elust, filmirollidest. Rahvusvahelise tuntuse tõi näitlejale peaosa filmis "Halb kasvatus" ("La mala educacion") : režissöör Pedro Almodovar : Hispaania 2004

  3. 75 FR 21153 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to Executive Order 12978

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... Order: 1. FAVARONY URREA, Pedro F., c/o COPSERVIR LTDA., Bogota, Colombia; Cedula No. 167136671...) (individual) [SDNT]. 10. GARCIA DUQUE, Gustavo, Carrera 4 No. 12-20 of. 206, Cartago, Valle, Colombia; c/o...

  4. Physical growth and nutritional status assessment of school children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-02

    Mar 2, 2016 ... Age and gender differences in the mean body weight, height, and BMI were ..... preferences for male children in the Indian society. This .... Garcia V. Children Malnutrition and Horizontal Inequalities in Sub‑Saharan. Africa: A ...

  5. Kokku traageldatud Paabel / Mele Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Mele, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  6. Code AI Personal Web Pages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

  7. Strengthening the DSM: incorporating resilience and cultural competence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garcia, Betty; Petrovich, Anne

    2011-01-01

    "Garcia and Petrovich...provide a balanced overview of the strengths and weaknesses of the DSM, a comprehensive review of the nature, etiology, and treatment of major mental disorders, and most importantly, a perspective...

  8. Assessment of hairy roots induction in Solenostemon scutellarioides ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-08-04

    Aug 4, 2009 ... family (Garcia and O'Neil, 2000). Cell suspension and transformed callus cultures of this plant are known to produce rosmarinic acid ... Hairy root is a pathological syndrome of dicotyledonous plants following wounding and ...

  9. 78 FR 5292 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Massachusetts and New Hampshire...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... Services, 6 Hazen Drive, P.O. Box 95, Concord, NH 03302-0095. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ariel Garcia... M. Quality Assurance N. Enforcement Against Contractors, Stations, and Inspectors O. Data Collection... number of [[Page 5296

  10. Permanent link

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    LEAL PABLO S LUNA-LOZANO J L VAZQUEZ-BELTRAN G GARCIA-SANTIAGO E VALDES-ORTEGA. Facultad de Instrumentacion Electronica y Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidad Veracruzana, Circuito Gonzalo Aguirre Beltra ...

  11. Talons and beaks are viable but underutilized samples for detecting ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Talons and beaks are viable but underutilized samples for detecting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide poisoning in raptors. Ngaio Richards, Irene Zorrilla, Joseph Lalah, Peter Otieno, Isabel Fernandez, Monica Calvino, Joaquin Garcia ...

  12. Learning Design Tools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Griffiths, David; Blat, Josep; Garcia, Rocío; Vogten, Hubert; Kwong, KL

    2005-01-01

    Griffiths, D., Blat, J., Garcia, R., Vogten, H. & Kwong, KL. (2005). Learning Design Tools. In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 109-136). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  13. Linnalinnud kasutavad konisid parasiitide tõrjeks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Ajakirjas Biology Letters avaldatud Mehhiko riikliku autonoomse ülikooli teadlase Constantino Macias Garcia uurimusest, mis näitas, et Mexico City's pesitsevatel varblastel ja vintidel, kelle pesadest leiti rohkem konisid, oli vähem parasiite

  14. Maailm kui globaalne piirsituatsioon / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : operaator Rodrigo Prieto : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal, Koji Yokusho : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  15. "Paabel" kuulutab meile ette hävingut / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : operaator Rodrigo Prieto : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal, Koji Yokusho : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  16. Pretensioonikas embus / Kadri Kõusaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõusaar, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : operaator Rodrigo Prieto : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  17. 75 FR 64782 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... Negros, Baja California Norte, Mexico; R.F.C. CDO-980604-4V7 (Mexico); (ENTITY) [SDNTK]. 4. MANTENIMIENTO.... FLCCAL64032609H300 (Mexico); (INDIVIDUAL) [SDNTK]. 2. GARCIA SANCHEZ, Ricardo, c/o MANTENIMIENTO, AERONAUTICA...

  18. Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a coupled modeling system

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset was used to create graphics associated with manuscript: Garcia et al., Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a...

  19. Justo García Morales

    OpenAIRE

    García Melero, Luis Angel

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief biography of Justo Garcia Morales on the occasion of the presentation of his Memoirs of a militant red, issued by the municipality of Orihuela, and written during the Spanish civil war. Justo Garcia Morales was also a librarian, literary critic and director of several collections of printed facsimiles of antique Spanish. Its activity as a librarian focused on the bibliographic information and the assessment and acquisition of Spanish literary an...

  20. Effect of background color of tanks on growth and survival of juvenile Yellow Seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker 1852), in the pelagic phase

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pawar, H.B.; Sanaye, S.V.; Murugan, A.; Sreepada, R.A.; Tanu

    the supply, with at least 25 million seahorses (>70 tons dry weight) traded globally (Project Seahorse, 2006; Salin and Mohankumran, 2006). High exploitation rates in India, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam resulted in a decline of 25... and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management. J. Fish Biol., 65:1-61. Garcia L.M.B., Hilomen-Garcia G.V. and R.L.M, Calibara, 2010. Culturing seahorse (Hippocampus barbouri) in illuminated cages with supplementary Acetes feeding...

  1. Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-15

    Garcia, and Thomas J. Nicola . Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2014 Congressional Research Service Contents...landing zones near the U.S. Embassy in Saigon and the Tan Son Nhut Airfield. Mayaguez incident. On May 15, 1975, President Ford reported he had ordered...Report R41989, Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations, by Jennifer K. Elsea, Michael John Garcia and Thomas J. Nicola . CRS Report R43344

  2. Interactions of Stress and Nicotine on Amplitude, Pre-Pulse Inhibition and Habituation of the Acoustic Startle Reflex

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-24

    Marquez , Armario , & Gelpi, 1988) consistent with a stress response . Restraint stress has been reported to increase the amplitude of sensory...and NE in the brain (Adell , Garcia- Marquez , Armario , & Gelpi , 1988) consistent with a stress response. Restraint stress has been reported t o...and non- reactive strains. Al coholism. Clinical and Experimental Research, ~(2), 170-174. Adell, A., Garcia - Marquez, C., Armario , A. , & Gelpi , E

  3. AM2 Modified 2-1 Lay Pattern Evaluation under F-15E Traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    te ch ni ca l a nd S tr uc tu re s La bo ra to ry Lyan Garcia, Julie Heiser , Timothy W. Rushing, Chase T. Bradley, Jeb S. Tingle, and Craig...Engineer Research and Development Center 3909 Halls Ferry Road Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199 Julie Heiser Applied Research Associates 430 West 5th Street...5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Lyan Garcia, Julie Heiser , Timothy W. Rushing, Chase T. Bradley, Jeb S. Tingle, and Craig A

  4. Lipolytic activity in high temperature germinating Almond seedlings

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    bahri

    2012-09-20

    Sep 20, 2012 ... Felipe A (1981). Germination accelérée d'amandes au moyen de l'acide gibbérellique. Cahier Options Méditerranéennes I:139-140. Hirayama O, Matsuda H (1972). An improved method for determining lipolytic acylhydrolases activity. Agric. Biol. Chem. 36(10):1831-. 1833. Garcia-Olmedo R, Marca-Garcia ...

  5. Mitigation of greenhouse effect emissions from the running of new thermoelectric power plants in the Rio de Janeiro state; Mitigacao da emissao de gases de efeito estuda da entrada de novas UTEs no estado do Rio de Janeiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteiro, Joyce Maria Guimaraes; Oliveira, Luciano Basto [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Planejamento Energetico

    2004-07-01

    This article proposes and evaluates the mitigation alternatives for the greenhouse gases originated from the new thermal electric power plants in the Rio de Janeiro state. The alternatives are the reforesting with natural species from M ata Atlantica, reforesting for the Eucalipt vegetal coal production, plantation of oleaginous for production of bio diesel, and energy use of urban garbage. Also, an evaluation is performing on the mitigation potential of each alternative and the cost associated.

  6. Characterization of microsatellite loci for the stingless bee Scaura latitarsis (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Francisco

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Seven microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized from a microsatellite enriched genomic library for the stingless bee Scaura latitarsis. Primers were tested in 12 individuals. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 6 (mean = 4.29 and observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.00 to 0.75 (mean = 0.40. Cross-species tests showed successful amplification for Scaura atlantica, Scaura longula, Scaura tenuis, Schwarzula timida, Schwarziana quadripunctata, Plebeia droryana, and Plebeia remota.

  7. Effects of Pycnogenol on endothelial function in patients with stable coronary artery disease: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study

    OpenAIRE

    Enseleit, Frank; Sudano, Isabella; Périat, Daniel; Winnik, Stephan; Wolfrum, Mathias; Flammer, Andreas J; Fröhlich, Georg M; Kaiser, Priska; Hirt, Astrid; Haile, Sarah R; Krasniqi, Nazmi; Matter, Christian M; Uhlenhut, Klaus; Högger, Petra; Neidhart, Michel

    2012-01-01

    Aims Extracts from pine tree bark containing a variety of flavonoids have been used in traditional medicine. Pycnogenol is a proprietary bark extract of the French maritime pine tree (Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica) that exerts antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-platelet effects. However, the effects of Pycnogenol on endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events, remain still elusive. Methods and results Twenty-three patients with coronary artery dis...

  8. Heat loss may explain bill size differences between birds occupying different habitats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Greenberg

    Full Text Available Research on variation in bill morphology has focused on the role of diet. Bills have other functions, however, including a role in heat and water balance. The role of the bill in heat loss may be particularly important in birds where water is limiting. Song sparrows localized in coastal dunes and salt marsh edge (Melospiza melodia atlantica are similar in size to, but have bills with a 17% greater surface area than, those that live in mesic habitats (M. m. melodia, a pattern shared with other coastal sparrows. We tested the hypotheses that sparrows can use their bills to dissipate "dry" heat, and that heat loss from the bill is higher in M. m. atlantica than M. m. melodia, which would indicate a role of heat loss and water conservation in selection for bill size.Bill, tarsus, and body surface temperatures were measured using thermal imaging of sparrows exposed to temperatures from 15-37°C and combined with surface area and physical modeling to estimate the contribution of each body part to total heat loss. Song sparrow bills averaged 5-10°C hotter than ambient. The bill of M. m atlantica dissipated up to 33% more heat and 38% greater proportion of total heat than that of M. m. melodia. This could potentially reduce water loss requirements by approximately 7.7%.This >30% higher heat loss in the bill of M. m. atlantica is independent of evaporative water loss and thus could play an important role in the water balance of sparrows occupying the hot and exposed dune/salt marsh environments during the summer. Heat loss capacity and water conservation could play an important role in the selection for bill size differences between bird populations and should be considered along with trophic adaptations when studying variation in bill size.

  9. Rootstock Effects on Pistachio Trees Grown in Verticillium dahliae-Infested Soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, L; Beede, R; Kaur, S; Ferguson, L

    2004-04-01

    ABSTRACT In a field trial in soil infested with Verticillium dahliae, we compared the yield, growth, incidence of symptoms of Verticillium wilt, and mortality of two interspecific hybrid pistachio tree rootstocks (UCBI and PGII) with the standard rootstocks: the V. dahliae-resistant and susceptible Pistacia integerrima and P. atlantica, respectively. After 10 years, the trees were destructively sampled for V. dahliae in the xylem at the graft union. The results indicate that trees on the (P. atlantica 'KAC' x P. integerrima) hybrid UCBI rootstock grew and yielded as well as those on P. integerrima. Trees on the hybrid PGII yielded the least. Analysis of variance and log-linear models indicate that in soil infested with V. dahliae, three associations significantly affect pistachio nut yield. Rootstock affects scion vigor and extent of infection. Third, the extent of infection and scion vigor are inversely associated. Although trees on the P. integerrima rootstock had the highest ratings in a visual assessment of vigor, 65% were infected with V. dahliae in the trunk in the graft region compared with 73% in P. atlantica and 25% in UCBI. Thus, P. integerrima and UCBI have at least one different mechanism for resistance to V. dahliae.

  10. Chiral separation of a diketopiperazine pheromone from marine diatoms using supercritical fluid chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frenkel, Johannes; Wess, Carsten; Vyverman, Wim; Pohnert, Georg

    2014-03-01

    The proline derived diketopiperazine has been identified in plants, insects and fungi with unknown function and was recently also reported as the first pheromone from a diatom. Nevertheless the stereochemistry and enantiomeric excess of this natural product remained inaccessible using direct analytical methods. Here we introduce a chiral separation of this metabolite using supercritical fluid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Several chromatographic methods for chiral analysis of the diketopiperazine from the diatom Seminavis robusta and synthetic enantiomers have been evaluated but neither gas chromatography nor high performance liquid chromatography on different chiral cyclodextrin phases were successful in separating the enantiomers. In contrast, supercritical fluid chromatography achieved baseline separation within four minutes of run time using amylose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) as stationary phase and 2-propanol/CO2 as mobile phase. This very rapid chromatographic method in combination with ESI mass spectrometry allowed the direct analysis of the cyclic dipeptide out of the complex sea water matrix after SPE enrichment. The method could be used to determine the enantiomeric excess of freshly released pheromone and to follow the rapid degradation observed in diatom cultures. Initially only trace amounts of c(d-Pro-d-Pro) were found besides the dominant c(l-Pro-l-Pro) in the medium. However the enantiomeric excess decreased upon pheromone degradation within few hours indicating that a preferential conversion and thus inactivation of the l-proline derived natural product takes place. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Sin, suffering, and the need for the theological virtues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David Albert

    2006-08-01

    This article examines the account of the relationship between sin and suffering provided by J. L. A. Garcia in "Sin and Suffering in a Catholic Understanding of Medical Ethics," in this issue. Garcia draws on the (Roman) Catholic tradition and particularly on the thought of Thomas Aquinas, who remains an important resource for Catholic theology. Nevertheless, his interpretation of Thomas is open to criticism, both in terms of omissions and in terms of positive claims. Garcia includes those elements of Thomas that are purely philosophical, such as natural law and acquired virtue, but neglects the theological and infused virtues, the gifts and fruits of the Holy Spirit, and the beatitudes. These omissions distort his account of the Christian life so that he underplays both the radical problem posed by sin (and suffering), and the radical character of the ultimate solution: redemption in Christ through the grace of the Holy Spirit.

  12. Energy-Horizon 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Rodriguez, A.

    1996-01-01

    The Panel was moderated by Mr Adolfo Garcia Rodriguez who emphasised the need to maintain the nuclear option the West despite the current atmosphere of relative abundance of conventional energy resources. In this respect he pointed out that the foreseeable important nuclear development in the Far East could constitute a powerful stimulus for the reactivation of nuclear programmes in the West. Mr. Garcia Rodriguez proceeded to introduce the participants: Mr Luis Echavarri, General Manager of the Spanish Atomic forum; Mr Jose Luis Gonzalez, President of the Spanish Nuclear Society; Mr Francois Wald person responsible for Institutional Relations and Development Planning of Electricite de France, and Mr Jose Alejandro Pina, President of ENRESA. (Author)

  13. Butyltin compounds in biofilm and marine organisms from the Dona Paula Bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhosle, N.B.

    waters of California, USA (Stephenson 1991). In the C. gigas collected from the Gulf of Mexico, the TBT levels varied from 49 to 3559 ng/g (Wade, Garcia-Romero, and Brooks 1991). TBT concentrations re corded during this study suggest that TBT compounds... Indian waters Marine Environmental Research 48:123-130 Wade T L, Garcia-Romero B, and Brooks J M. 1991 Oysters as bio-monitors of butyltins in the Gulf of Mexico Marine Environmental Research 32: 233-241 ...

  14. Calamenenes - aromatic bicyclic sesquiterpenes - from the Indian gorgonian Subergorgia reticulata (Ellis and Solander, 1786)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    LimnaMol, V.P.; Raveendran, T.V.; Naik, B.G.; Kunnath, R.J.; Parameswaran, P.S.

    exhibiting 100% activity at 50µg/mL, indicative of possible cytotoxicity (Carballo, Hernandez-Inda, Perez, & Garcia-Gravalos, 2002). This concentration is comparable to the cytotoxic activity (14-30µg/mL) of Argentinean essential oils (Oliva, Gallucci....L., Hernandez-Inda, Z.L., Perez, P., & Garcia-Gravalos, M.D. (2002). A comparison between two brine shrimp assays to detect in vitro cytotoxicity in marine natural products. BMC Biotechnology, 2, 17. Kashman, Y. (1979). 8-Methoxy and 5-Hydroxy-8-methoxy...

  15. Biochemical changes during larval development in the short neck clam, Paphia malabarica Chemnitz

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gireesh, R.; Biju, A.; Muthiah, P.

    larvae through feeding on organic particles and are subsequently used for supporting metamorphosis. (Rodriguez, Sedano, Garcia- Martin, Perez-Camacho & Sanchez 1990; Haws, DiMichele & Hand1993). During this stage, larval velum disap- pears, and larvae... on lipid class composition. Part II: larval rearing, competency and settlement. Journal of Shell¢sh Research 22, 377^388. RodriguezJ.L., SedanoF.J., Garcia-Martin L.O., Perez-Cama- choA. & SanchezJ.L. (1990) Energy metabolism of newly settled Ostrea edulis...

  16. Unraveling the Nature of Chemical Reactivity of Complex Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-13

    28 J. Zhou, J. J. Lin, W. Shiu, and K. Liu, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4997 2003. 29 S. C. Althorpe, F. Fernandez - Alonso , B. D. Bean, J. D. Ayers, A. E...Truhlar DG, Espinosa- Garcia J (2000) Potential energy surface, thermal, and state-selected rate coefficients, and kinetic isotope effects for Cl CH43...HCl CH3. J Chem Phys 112:9375–9389. 22. Rangel C, Navarrete M, Corchado JC, Espinosa- Garcia J (2006) Potential energy surface, kinetics, and

  17. Influence of ecological variation across Pistacia altantica on fruit oil content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousefi Bayzid

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the western and central parts of Iran, there are more than eight million female trees of Pistacia atlantica Desf. with approximately 20,000 tons of fruit oil production ability. In order to evaluate the influence of select ecological characteristics, fruit samples of seven P. atlantica habitats in Kurdistan (Iran were collected in late October over two years (2013-14. Fruit oil was extracted using soxhlet extraction. The results showed a relatively small variation in oil content in fruit across plants of P. atlantica. The fruit oil content ranged from 25.4% to 28.4%, with a mean of 27.3%. Most habitats belonged to temperate and semi-arid regions, with higher longitude and altitude but less latitude and slope, higher soil electrical conductivity, total neutralizing value, organic carbon and clay, medium yearly rainfall, evaporation and sunny hours and also trees with medium ages such as Borban and Kashtar producing higher fruit oil yield than those that belonged to cool and semi-humid regions. Cluster analysis classified habitats into four distinct groups at 50% similarity; four habitats belonging to forest areas were located in the first, Borban and Kashtar in the second and third and Abdolmomen, with the coldest climate and the oldest trees, was in the fourth group. The results of principal component analysis (PCA revealed that habitats with low fruit oil showed extreme values of PC1 and PC2 but ones with high fruit oil were located mainly in the central zones of the bi plot, which suggest that habitats with medium ecological conditions produce higher fruit oil.

  18. Seasonal variation of macromedusae (Cnidaria at North Bay, Florianópolis, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miodeli Nogueira Júnior

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Seasonal variation of large medusae abundance and biomass was studied in the North Bay, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil (27°30'S, 48° 32'W, from February to December 2005. Collecting was conducted seasonally with the help of fishing bottom trawl in 30-minute sections (12 in summer, 18 in each of the remaining seasons in six stations, totaling 66 samples. Eight species were found: the hydrozoans Aequorea sp., Olindias sambaquiensis Müller, 1861, and Rhacostoma atlantica L. Agassiz, 1850; the cubozoans Chiropsalmus quadrumanus (Müller, 1859 and Tamoya haplonema Müller, 1859, and the scyphozoans Aurelia sp., Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz, 1829 and Lychnorhiza lucerna Haeckel, 1880. Capture rates were low, up to 38 indiv. ha-1, and only ~47% of the samples were positive for jellyfish, comprising 206 individuals. Medusae abundance and species richness clearly changed from one season to another, but did not vary between the sites. Higher species richness (7 out of 8 and greater abundances were recorded during the fall (~60% and 72% of all medusae individuals and biomass respectively. Specific frequency of capture varied from 1.5 to 29% and C. lactea was the only species found in more than 25% of the samples. The three most common species dominated in different periods of the year: C. lactea during fall (78% of individuals and 60% of biomass, R. atlantica during winter (90% of individuals and 17% of biomass, and O. sambaquiensis in spring (78% of individuals and 40% of biomass. Only two individuals were caught during summer, one C. lactea and one R. atlantica. The results offer a general picture of the distribution of the macromedusae in the North Bay, but a continuous monitoring is desirable for a more detailed knowledge on the jellyfish dynamics in the Brazilian coastal waters.

  19. CITY GROUND DESIGN AND THE IMAGE OF THE CITY: THE PORTUGUESE CALÇADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Remesar

    2014-10-01

    The pavement-form - including the "calçada-form"-is at the root of some of the flagship operations creating the image of the city (Havana, 1928; Alicante, 1957; the Ramblas in Barcelona, 1969; reform of the Avenida Atlantica in Rio by Burle Marx, 1970. However, these same operations show that the "form-calçada" does not meet many of the requirements of economy, security or universal accessibility required by the contemporary city. In the paper was to analyze the causes and reasons that hover over the announced death of calçada á Portugueza.

  20. (1S,3R,8S,9R,10S-2,2-Dichloro-3,7,7,10-tetramethyl-9,10-epoxytricyclo[6.4.0.01,3]dodecane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moha Berraho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C16H24Cl2O, was synthesized from β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-benzocycloheptene, which was isolated from the essential oil of the Atlas cedar (cedrus atlantica. The molecule forms an extended sheet of two fused rings which exhibit different conformations. The six-membered ring has a half-chair conformation, while the seven-membered ring displays a chair conformation; the dihedral angle between the two rings is 38.2 (1°.

  1. Xylophage complex associated with the decline of the Atlas cedar Belezma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamina, T.; Taril, B.R.

    2015-01-01

    The study of insects associated with the decline of Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica Manetti) in the massif of Belezma (Algeria), resulted in the determination of18 species of xylophagous beetles. Their majority (85%) are represented by the subfamily of Scolytinae. The most dominant were Scolytus amygdali Guerin, 1847 andCryphalus numidicus Eichhoff, 1878.The Buprestidae occupy second place with 14.24% from the total of inventoried xylophagouswith 6 species, whereas the most common was Melanophila marmottani (Fairmaire, 1868). The knowledge of bioecology and outbreaks mechanisms of these species is necessary in order to develop efficient protection strategy against them. (author)

  2. (1R,4R,6S,7R-5,5-Dibromo-1,4,8,8-tetramethyltricyclo[5.4.1.04,6]dodecan-12-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Zaki

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C16H24Br2O, was synthesized from the reaction of β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-benzocycloheptene, which was isolated from Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica. The asymmetric unit contains two independent molecules with similar conformations. Each molecule is built up from two fused seven-membered rings and an additional three-membered ring. In both molecules, one of the seven-membered rings has a chair conformation, whereas the other displays a screw-boat conformation.

  3. Hydroelectric modelling of the Paraiba do Sul and Jequitinhonha rivers sub-basins by using the VALORAGUA computer program; Modelagem hidreletrica das sub bacias dos rios Paraiba do Sul e Jequitinhonha utilizando o programa VALORAGUA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Vinicius Verna Magalhaes; Aronne, Ivan Dionysio [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)]. E-mails: vvmf@urano.cdtn.br; aroneid@urano.cdtn.br; Martinez, Carlos Barreira; Versiani, Bruno Rabelo [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia. Dept. de Engenharia Hidraulica e Recursos Hidricos]. E-mail: martinez@cce.ufmg.br; versiani@ehr.ufmg.br

    2002-07-01

    This work presents a modelling of 50 hydroelectric power plants in the East Atlantica hydro graphic basin, operating, under construction or as basic projects. The simulations are performed by using the VALORAGUA computer code, developed by the EDP - Eletricidade de Portugal. The studies concentrate mostly on the sub basins of the Jequitinhonha and Paraiba do Sul rivers. The study includes the thermal power plants existent on the same geographical region. Some obtained results such as capacity factors and energy generation values are analysed. Some considerations are made on questions referring to the Brazilian energetic problems.

  4. Potential areas for the expansion of the sugar cane production; Areas potenciais para a expansao da producao de cana-de-acucar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-10-15

    The evaluation of the potential areas for the expansion of the sugar cane cultivation was based on the estimation of the agricultural productivity aptitude as function of the soil and climate characteristics using maps with geo referred in scales of 1/5,000,000. Areas had been discarded which integrate of three large biomass of the country: Amazonia, Pantanal and Mata Atlantica, and all the areas with some type of restriction, such as environmental reservations, national parks, indigenous, military and urban areas. Were not considered areas with crop mechanization essential for the environmental and social sustainability with declivity more than 12%.

  5. Linnateatri esietendus jääb ära

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Linnateater teatas, et kuna lavastus F. Garcia Lorca näidendi "Bernarda Alba maja" järgi ei jõudnud detsembri lõpuks vajaliku kunstilise tasemeni, lõpetati selle lavastuse proovid ning jaanuarisse planeeritud esietendust ei toimu

  6. Etendus ja mõtestus / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Gabriel Garcia Marqueze/ Toomas Hussari "Sada aastat..." Vanemuise teatris Hendrik Toomepere jun.lavastuses ja Ervin Õunapuu kujunduses, sotsiaaalselt mõtestatud teatri näiteina on juttu ka Mart Kivastiku näidendite "Külmetava kunstniku portree" ja "Põrgu wärk" ning Õunapuu-Uttoni monotüki "Adolf" lavastustest

  7. pablo s luna-lozano

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    PABLO S LUNA-LOZANO. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 8 August 2016 pp 847-853. Digital architecture for a piecewise-linear arbitrary-waveform generator · VICTOR M JIMENEZ-FERNANDEZ HECTOR VAZQUEZ-LEAL PABLO S LUNA-LOZANO J L VAZQUEZ-BELTRAN G GARCIA-SANTIAGO E VALDES- ...

  8. Identifying the Generation Gap in Higher Education: Where Do the Differences Really Lie?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Paula; Qin, Jingjing

    2007-01-01

    The new generation of incoming college students come complete with new technological skills and, seemingly, new expectations for learning. Yet how different are these students from the ones educators have encountered in the past? Under the auspices of Northern Arizona University's e-Learning Center, Paula Garcia and Jingjing Qin investigated the…

  9. Disease: H00753 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Aydogdu O, Derbent M, Garcia-Minaur S, Reardon W, Gener B, Shalev S, Smith R, Wo... SB, Urquhart JE, Hilton E, McKenzie EA, Kammerer RA, Lewis M, Kerr B, Stuart H, Donnai D, Long DA, Burgu B,

  10. Latina "Testimonios": A Reflexive, Critical Analysis of a "Latina Space" at a Predominantly White Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Judith; Garcia, Silvia

    2009-01-01

    Judith Flores and Silvia Garcia (University of Utah) draw from the work of their mentor, Rina Benmayor and "Telling to live: Latina feminist testimonios" to establish an organization for Latinas who are staff, faculty, students, alumni, and community members at a predominantly White institution (PWI). Critical race feminism (CRF),…

  11. "A Few of the Brightest, Cleanest Mexican Children": School Segregation as a Form of Mundane Racism in Oxnard, California, 1900-1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, David G.; Yosso, Tara J.; Barajas, Frank P.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, David G. Garcia, Tara J. Yosso, and Frank P. Barajas examine the early twentieth-century origins of a dual schooling system that facilitated the reproduction of a cheap labor force and the marginalization of Mexicans in Oxnard, California. In their analysis of the 1930s Oxnard Elementary School District board minutes, alongside…

  12. Problem Analysis: Challenging All Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Katie; Davis, Alicia

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Garcia and Davis describe problem analysis as the process of examining a given mathematics exercise to find ways in which the problem can be modified and extended to create a richer learning opportunity for students. Students are often reluctant to attempt what they perceive to be higher-order thinking problems, but problem…

  13. The Influence of Tech-Savvyness and Clicker Use on Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapf, Jennifer A.; Garcia, Adolfo J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of technology proficiency and clicker use on students' perceptions of clickers, engagement and class grade point average. Four hundred and five students completed a questionnaire that measured Student Technology Proficiency (STP; Garcia and Zapf, in press), and participated in the…

  14. Slowly rotating charged fluid balls and their matching to an exterior domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fodor, Gyula; Perjes, Zoltan; Bradley, Michael

    2002-01-01

    The slow-rotation approximation of Hartle is developed to a setting where a charged rotating fluid is present. The linearized Einstein-Maxwell equations are solved on the background of the Reissner-Nordstroem space-time in the exterior electrovacuum region. The theory is put to action for the charged generalization of the Wahlquist solution found by Garcia. The Garcia solution is transformed to coordinates suitable for the matching and expanded in powers of the angular velocity. The two domains are then matched along the zero pressure surface using the Darmois-Israel procedure. We prove a theorem to the effect that the exterior region is asymptotically flat if and only if the parameter C 2 , characterizing the magnitude of an external magnetic field, vanishes. We obtain the form of the constant C 2 for the Garcia solution. We conjecture that the Garcia metric cannot be matched to an asymptotically flat exterior electrovacuum region even to first order in the angular velocity. This conjecture is supported by a high precision numerical analysis

  15. Making Cultura Count inside and out of the Classroom: Public Art & Critical Pedagogy in South Central Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Luis-Genaro

    2012-01-01

    In this article, artist, educator, and activist Luis-Genaro Garcia describes the development and impact of the "May Day service learning project" on his advanced painting class in a high school in South Los Angeles. The project emerged from students' interests: their ideas, concerns for their community, socio-political consciousness, and…

  16. Strong Foundations: The State of State Postsecondary Data Systems--2012 Update on Data Sharing with K-12 and Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Tanya I.; L'Orange, Hans Peter

    2012-01-01

    In 2010, the State Higher Education Executive Officers Association released the results of a national study of state level postsecondary student unit record (SUR) data systems in 44 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.). One section of the report, "Strong Foundations: The State of State Postsecondary Data Systems" (Garcia and L'Orange 2010),…

  17. The Emergence of Probabilistic Reasoning in Very Young Infants: Evidence from 4.5- and 6-Month-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denison, Stephanie; Reed, Christie; Xu, Fei

    2013-01-01

    How do people make rich inferences from such sparse data? Recent research has explored this inferential ability by investigating probabilistic reasoning in infancy. For example, 8- and 11-month-old infants can make inferences from samples to populations and vice versa (Denison & Xu, 2010a; Xu & Denison, 2009; Xu & Garcia, 2008a). The…

  18. Dehydration as a Cause of Chronic Kidney Disease: Role of Fructokinase

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Exercised-Induced Uric Acid Crystalluria: a Perspective on Mesoamerican Nephropathy? Am J Kid Dis (in press) 2. Garcia-Trabanino R, Jarquin E...any new technologies or techniques. Inventions, patent applications, and/or licenses Nothing to Report Other Products Our research is generating

  19. 77 FR 10604 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... renewable two-year period. They are: William M. Arbogast (FL), Cris D. Bush (TN), John E. Cain (NM), Billy C.... Ferguson (VA), Randy M. Garcia (NM), John A. Graham (PA), Henry J. Gregoire, Jr. (MN), Jason L. Hoovan (UT.... Schneider (NM), James Vickery (KY), Norman J. Watson (NC), Lewis H. West, Jr. (MA), Billy R. Wilkey (TX...

  20. U.S. - Latin American Relations Beyond Cuba, Panama, Nicaragua and El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-08

    be foolish for the Peruvian Armed Forces to salvage president Garcia’s reputation by ousting him, and face a catastrophic economic situation and world...traditions are well known, admired and imitated worldwide. Millions would gladly immigrate to this country. Private enterprise inundate television, cinema

  1. Genetics Home Reference: ethylmalonic encephalopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 0004.2010.01457.x. Citation on PubMed García-Silva MT, Ribes A, Campos Y, Garavaglia B, Arenas ... R, Lamantea E, Mandel H, Balestri P, Garcia-Silva MT, Vollmer B, Rinaldo P, Hahn SH, Leonard ...

  2. Mi Carrera. Volume IV: Effective Career Planning with Hispanic High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Denise, Ed.

    This curriculum guide, the fourth of a four-volume set that is intended to improve career and vocational guidance services to Spanish-speaking students in grades 9 through 12, is actually a collection of three different resources. The first section, "Group Activities: Intercambios," by Maria Garcia, is a model culturally based group counseling…

  3. Yes!: Rejoinder to "Isn't It Time We Did Something about the Lack of Teaching Preparation in Business Doctoral Programs?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, Denise M.

    2016-01-01

    In this rejoinder to, "Isn't It Time We Did Something about the Lack of Teaching Preparation in Business Doctoral Programs?" (Marx, Garcia, Butterfield, Kappen, and Baldwin 2015), the author responds in agreement to the question raised regarding the lack of teaching preparation in business schools. This commentary offers suggestions to…

  4. Comparison of hyperpronation and supination‑flexion techniques in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-07-24

    Jul 24, 2013 ... Green DA, Linares YM, Garcia Pena MB, Greenberg M, Baker RL: Randomized comparison of pain perception during radial head subluxation using supination‑ flexion or forced pronation. Pediatr Emerg Care 2006;22:235‑8. 8. McDonald LJ, Whitelaw C, Goldsmith L. Radial head subluxation: Comparing.

  5. North American Natural Gas Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    hand sales of natural gas and LPG. 17 Decreto Legal, Diario Oficial , Noviembre 25, 1993. 37 Review Section 38 Figure 2. Mexican Natural Gas...California 500 Mexicali Baja California 29 Naco - Hermosillo Sonora 130 Nacozari de Garcia Sonora 85 Agua Prieta Sonora 173

  6. "You Are a Flaw in the Pattern": Difference, Autonomy and Bullying in YA Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Ropero, Lourdes

    2012-01-01

    Though portrayals of bullying in children's books stretch back to Victorian public school stories, this article sees a new subgenre about bullying in young adult novels emerging in the post-Columbine years. Selected works by Jerry Spinelli, Walter Dean Myers, Jaime Adoff, Carol Plum-Ucci and Rita Williams-Garcia are examined, although the article…

  7. 2214-IJBCS-Article-Soko Yves

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    International Journal of. Research and Reviewed in Applied. Sciences, 11(2): 346-349. Coto MT, Garcia GM, Gonzalez CS, Pazos L. 2000. Toxicidad aguda en ratones del extracto acuoso de hojas fresco de. Persea Americana. Informe TRAMIL,. Laboratorio de ensayos biologicos, escuela de Medicina, Universidad de.

  8. Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid, hydrogen peroxide and a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Y Zunun-Pérez

    2017-04-20

    Apr 20, 2017 ... Keywords. Capsinoids; elicitors; gene regulation; nutraceuticals; secondary metabolites ... nificantly increased production of capsiate and gene expression associated .... of capsiate in fruits ofC. .... rats. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 50 351–355. Tierranegra-Garcia N, Salinas-Soto P, Torres-Pacheco I, Ocampo-.

  9. The Evolving Field of Biodefence: Therapeutic Developments and Diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    and three of its synthetic derivatives were found to be weak inhibitors48, whereas buforin I has also shown activity against the BoNT/B LC49. Recently...of botulinum neurotoxin B catalytic activity. J. Appl. Toxicol. 19 (Suppl. 1), S5–S11 (1999). 49. Garcia, G. E., Moorad, D. R. & Gordon, R. K. Buforin

  10. Between the Rivers: Combat Action in Iraq, 2003-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Improvisation by GIs,” Washington Post, 3 August 2005, A1. See also Alfred W. McCoy, A Question of Torture: CIA Interrogation from the Cold War to the War on...C. Martino,2005, interview by Lynne Chandler Garcia, 18 December 2005, Fort Leavenworth. On page 57 of Lundberg may be found the original list of

  11. NRC/AMRMC Resident Research Associateship Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    aspirate characterization for the support of large animal studies. Research in Veterinary Science; In preparation, expected submission February 2015...Activity of Norspermidine Against Clinical Orthopaedic Isolates. (Manuscript Submitted to BMC Microbiology ) Albach AM, Hardy SK, Chang DC, Garcia RG...American Society for Microbiology (ASM) General Meeting. San Francisco, CA. June 15-19,2012. Carlos J. Sanchez Jr. Biofilm-Derived Factors Reduce

  12. Spinodal equation of state for rutile TiO2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Francisco, E.; Bermejo, M.; Baonza, V. Garcia

    2003-01-01

    We present a general computational scheme to extend the spinodal equation of state [Garcia Baonza , Phys. Rev. B 51, 28 (1995)] to the interpretation of the cell parameters response to hydrostatic pressure in orthogonal lattices. As an important example, we analyze the pressure (p)-volume (V)-tem...

  13. An Explicit Construction of a sequence of codes attaining the Tsfasman-Vladut-Zink Bound:The first steps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Voss, Cornelia

    1997-01-01

    We present a sequence of codes attaining the Tsfasman-Vladut-Zink bound. The construction is based on the tower of Artin-Schreier extensions described by Garcia and Stichtenoth (1995). We also determine the dual codes. The first steps of the constructions are explicitly given as generator matrices...

  14. Memory for Emotional Words in the First and the Second Language: Effects of the Encoding Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferre, Pilar; Sanchez-Casas, Rosa; Fraga, Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Emotional words are better remembered than neutral words in the first language. Ferre, Garcia, Fraga, Sanchez-Casas and Molero (2010) found this emotional effect also for second language words by using an encoding task focused on emotionality. The aim of the present study was to test whether the same effect can also be observed with encoding tasks…

  15. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language,…

  16. Piaget's Logic of Meanings: Still Relevant Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wavering, Michael James

    2011-01-01

    In his last book, "Toward a Logic of Meanings" (Piaget & Garcia, 1991), Jean Piaget describes how thought can be categorized into a form of propositional logic, a logic of meanings. The intent of this article is to offer this analysis by Piaget as a means to understand the language and teaching of science. Using binary propositions, conjunctions,…

  17. How Does It Feel to Become a Teacher? Emotions in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anttila, Henrika; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina; Pietarinen, Janne

    2016-01-01

    Academic emotions are central ingredients in student teachers' learning. They have been shown to affect cognitive performance, motivation and achievement (e.g. Linnenbrink-Garcia et al. in "Contemp Educ Psychol" 36(1):13-24, 2011). However, until recently the role of emotions in student teachers' learning has largely been neglected (e.g.…

  18. Effect of extracellular calcium chloride on sporangiospore-yeast ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-05-16

    May 16, 2011 ... Bartnicki-Garcia and Nickerson (1962b) whereby it was shown that R. stolonifer .... A 7 day old culture of R. stolonifer was flushed with sterile deioni- zed distilled water and ..... Madi N, McNeil B, Harvey LM (1997). The effect of ...

  19. On Howard's conjecture in heterogeneous shear flow problem

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M. Senthilkumar (Newgen Imaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Department of Mathematics, H.P. University, Shimla 171 005, India. ∗. Sidharth Govt. Degree College, Nadaun, Dist. Hamirpur 177 033 ... in proving it in the case of the Garcia-type [3] flows wherein the basic velocity distribution has a point of ...

  20. Fisica y vida cotidiana

    CERN Multimedia

    Méndez, R

    2002-01-01

    "Estaba harto de escuchar lo dificil que es ensenar fisica, interesar a los alumnos en gases, tiros parabolicos y campos magneticos. Por eso el profesor de Fisica de la Universidad de Murcia Rafael Garcia Molina decidio hace cinco anos dejar sin argumentos a sus colegas. Comenzo la busqueda de juguetes, regalos y objetos cotidianos para explicar la fisica" (1 page).

  1. nucleoside DNA methyltransferase 1 inhibitors for treating epi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Li et al. Trop J Pharm Res, February 2017; 16(2): 445. Tropical Journal of ... 1Department of Radiotherapy, Hebei Cixian Cancer Hospital, Cixian 056500, Hebei Province, 2Handan City Kang Ye Biological ..... Verstovsek S, Talpaz M, Garcia-Manero G, Kantarjian. HM. ... Medina-Franco JL, López-Vallejo F, Kuck D, Lyko F.

  2. Cryptanalysis of a chaotic secure communication system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alvarez, G.; Montoya, F.; Romera, M.; Pastor, G.

    2003-01-01

    Recently a chaotic encryption system has been proposed by P. Garcia et al. It represents an improvement over an algorithm previously presented by some of the same authors. In this Letter, several weaknesses of the new cryptosystem are pointed out and four successful cryptanalytic attacks are described

  3. El Escritor y las Normas del Canon Literario (The Writer and the Norms of the Literary Canon).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Policarpo, Alcibiades

    This paper speculates about whether a literary canon exists in contemporary Latin American literature, particularly in the prose genre. The paper points to Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and Mario Vargas Llosa as the three authors who might form this traditional and liberal canon with their works "La Muerte de Artemio Cruz"…

  4. Genetic Epistemology, History of Science and Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Creso; Colinvaux-de-Dominguez, Dominique

    1992-01-01

    Discusses Piaget's and Garcia's work that examines the common features underlying individual and historical development. Presents criticism to Piaget's position and examines the possibility of overcoming the main problems of Piaget's approach within a Piagetian framework. Looks at the consequences of the relationship between individual and…

  5. Exploring the Utility of a Video-Based Online EFL Discussion Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Heng-Tsung Danny; Hung, Shao-Ting Alan

    2013-01-01

    Online discussion forums represent "online collaborative learning spaces in which communities become engaged in the discourse on a topic about which they share common interests or goals" (Montero, Watts & Garcia-Carbonell, 2007, p. 568). This digital communication modality has been claimed to enhance second/foreign language (L2)…

  6. Uus kunst ootab vaatajaid augusti lõpuni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumi kollektsiooni esitlus "Sünnitus" Viljandis. Vaadata on Yoko Ono, Kalev Mark Kostabi, Edward Lucie-Smithi, Martin Garcia Rivera, Leonhard Lapini, Peeter Lauritsa, Enn Põldroosi jt. teosed. Reedeti on loomepäevad. 18. augustil näitab oma töid ja kõneleb Mark Soosaar

  7. Suvekonkursid Pärnus / Mark Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2000-01-01

    XIV Pärnu rahvusvahelise filmifestivali auhinnaks Anu Raua juhendamisel kootud lääne-eesti tekk. 4. VI avatavast aktinäitusest "Mees ja naine" teemal elu ja surm. Pärnusse on oodata Joel Peter Witkini uusimaid teoseid ja Martin Garcia Riverat

  8. Television Viewing Patterns in 6- to 18-Month-Olds: The Role of Caregiver-Infant Interactional Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, Ashley E.; Zack, Elizabeth; Barr, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    The present study examines coviewing of "Baby Mozart" by 6- to 18-month-old infants and their caregivers under naturalistic conditions. We had two questions. First, extending the method of Barr, Zack, Garcia, and Muentener (Infancy, 13 [2008], 30-56) to a younger population, we asked if age, prior exposure, and caregiver verbal input would predict…

  9. Méthode simple d'échange de germoplasme de cocotier (Cocos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 août 2014 ... Garcia BM, Malaurie B, Viltres PS, Campos CD, 2008. Efecto de distintas concentraciones de sacarosa en la conservacion in vitro de coco. (Cocos nucifera L.). Colombiana de. Biotecnología 2: 111-119. Frison EA, Putter CAJ, Diekmann (1993). FAO/IBPGRI. Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of.

  10. Inimelu võlu ja vaev, rassipuhtus ja koolera / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi filmidest: "Uus inimene" ("Den nya människan", rezh. Klaus Härö, Soome 2007), "Teie, kes te elate" ("Du levande", rezh. Roy Andersson, Rootsi 2007), "Armastus koolera ajal" ("Love in the Time of Cholera", Gabriel Garcia Marqueze romaani ekraniseering, rezh. Mike Newell, USA 2007)

  11. East African Journal of Public Health - Vol 8, No 1 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AIDS care and treatment centers in urban Tanzania: a cross-sectional study · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. H Siril, LR Hirschhorn, C Hawkins, ME Garcia, MS Li, S Ismail, SG Mdingi, ...

  12. Nations at Risk-- Indicators of Fragility in States Susceptible to Terrorist Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-01

    influenced by reasonable cost - benefit considerations. Moreover, the authors conclude that terrorism is "predominantly rooted in unfavorable...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. NATIONS AT RISK...Advisor Ryan Garcia THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704–0188 Public reporting burden for

  13. The Dilemma of Inclusivity in the Globalization of Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castano Rodriguez, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    This paper extends the conversation started by Mariona Espinet, Mercè Izquierdo, Clara Garcia-Pujol; Ludovic Morge and Isabel Martins and Susana de Souza regarding the diverse issues faced by the internationalisation of science education journals. I use my own experience as an early career researcher coming from an underrepresented culture and…

  14. 78 FR 51275 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ..., Associate CIO, Strategy and Planning (IT) Julieta Garcia, Director, Customer Assistance, Relationships and...) Debra L. Nelson, Director, Management Services (IT) Nina E. Olson, National Taxpayer Advocate (TAS... Management Office (IT) David W. Stender, Associate CIO, Cybersecurity (IT) Peter J. Stipek, Director...

  15. On the Call for Action: Rejoinder to "Isn't It Time We Did Something about the Lack of Teaching Preparation in Business Doctoral Programs?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Dianne

    2016-01-01

    Marx, Garcia, Butterfield, Kappen, and Baldwin (2015) lament the current state of affairs where there is sparse and inconsistent teaching preparation across business doctoral programs. The authors refute the idea that teaching is solely an art to be acquired rather than a skill to be learned. They explore the legacy rewards system--incentives…

  16. Lunar Cycles, Catchability of Penaeid Shrimps and Implications for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: Penaeidae, fishing effort, lunar phases, profitability, spatial closures. ... closures during periods of the lunar cycle with predictably low catch-per- ... each lunar phase and month using two-way ANOVA. ... shrimps, for which the CPUE declined throughout the fishing season ... (Garcia, 1988) and abundance of.

  17. Discrimination and Mexican-Origin Adolescents' Adjustment: The Moderating Roles of Adolescents', Mothers', and Fathers' Cultural Orientations and Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Melissa Y.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Roosa, Mark W.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on Garcia Coll et al.'s integrative framework and the risk and resilience model, this study examined the relationships between adolescents' perceived discrimination and psychosocial adjustment and the moderating roles of adolescents', mothers', and fathers' cultural orientations and values, and adolescent gender in a sample of 246…

  18. 'Loomingu Raamatukogu' trotsib turumajandust : Surmaminejalik üksindus, pitsitav pateetika, vääramatu veritasu / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    1995-01-01

    Rets rmt.: Truman, Capote. Sünnipäevalapsed / Tlk. Aive Raudkivi. Tln.: Perioodika, 1995. ('Loomingu Rmtk.'; nr. 8 - 9); Miller, Henry. Naeratus redeli jalamil / Tlk. Anne Allpere. Tln.: Perioodika, 1995. ('Loomingu Rmtk.'; nr. 10); Marquez, Gabriel Garcia. Väljakuulutatud mõrva kroonika / Tlk. Ruth Lias. Tln.: Perioodika, 1995. ('Loomingu Rmtk.'; nr. 11 - 12)

  19. Demystifying Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, Carolyn; Hug, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    We constantly encounter data--in the form of graphs--that convey information about weather, medicine, politics, finances, and nutrition. These graphs are intended to help us visualize data for easy interpretation; however, approximately 41% of adults in the United States have low graph literacy (Galesic and Garcia-Retamero 2011). In this article,…

  20. JPRS Report, Soviet Union: International Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-24

    birthday)" 73 FEATURE ARTICLE Gabriel Garcia Marquez, "The USSR: 22,400,000 Square Kilometers Without A Single Coca - Cola Ad" Foreword by V. Zemskov...and became acquainted with the antiwar activi- ties carried out in the Ukrainian republic under the sponsorship of the UkSSR Peace Committee. UD

  1. Needle-to-incubator transport time: Logistic factors influencing transport time for blood culture specimens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Kerremans (Jos); A.K. van der Bij (Akke); W.H.F. Goessens (Wil); H.A. Verbrugh (Henri); M.C. Vos (Margreet)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe maximum recommended transport time for blood cultures is 4 h [L. S. Garcia (ed.), 2007 Update: Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 2nd ed., 2007]. In a previous study, we found that the average transport time was 10 h. In this cohort study, we measured transport times for

  2. The Search for Accountability and Transparency in Plan Colombia: Reforming Judicial Institutions - Again

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    goes against the Latin mentality of machismo and infallibility,28 and therein lies the resistance to transparency and accountability. The...See Garcia, note 26, at p. 1287. 28. See Martha I. Morgan, “Taking Machismo to Court: The Gender Jurisprudence of the Colombian Constitutional Court

  3. Statistical test for the distribution of galaxies on plates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Lambas, D.

    1985-01-01

    A statistical test for the distribution of galaxies on plates is presented. We apply the test to synthetic astronomical plates obtained by means of numerical simulation (Garcia Lambas and Sersic 1983) with three different models for the 3-dimensional distribution, comparison with an observational plate, suggest the presence of filamentary structure. (author)

  4. Annual Report on Awards (1982). Graduate and Postdoctoral Fellowships, Postdoctoral Research Associateships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    Sociolinguistics Gloria Jennien Bruston, Southern University. Baton Rouge Ahmdu Bello University, Nigeria Development Politics/African Politics...Eastern Illinois University University of Alabama. Tuscaloosa America History Mario Trinidad Garcia, University of California. Santa Barbara University of...Limon. University of Texas, Austin University of California, Berkeley Anthropology- Sociolinguistics Coramue R. Mann, Florida State University Cornell

  5. 78 FR 20918 - Consumer Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ...--Stephen Pociask American Foundation for the Blind--Paul Schroeder Appalachian Regional Commission--Mark Defalco Benton Foundation--Cecilia Garcia California Western School of Law, New Media Rights Project--Art... Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youth and Adults--Dorothy Walt Media Literacy Project--Andrea...

  6. Journal of East African Natural History - Vol 98, No 2 (2009)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Kakamega Forest (Kenya). EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. FH Garcia, G Fischer, MK Peters, RR Snelling, JW Wägele. http://dx.doi.org/10.2982/028.098.0201 ...

  7. Tips from the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TESOL Journal, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Seven articles on classroom icebreakers are compiled: "Picture Stories and Other Opportunities" (Joy Egbert, Deborah Hanley, Rosemary Delaney); "Hey, What's Your Name" (Janet Leamy); "Surprise!" (Lynne Burgess); "Memory Game" (Sally Winn); "Picturesque" (Margaret Beiter); "The Name Game" (Jeanne-Marie Garcia); "Exercise the Body--And the Mind…

  8. Prevalence and morphometric studies on porcine cysticercosis in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP USER

    Bourn D, Wint W, Blench R &Woolley E (1994). Nigerian Livestock Resources Survey, World. Animal Review, 78(1):49-58. Cox FEG (2002). History of human parasitology. Clinical Microbiology. Review. 15(4): 595-. 612. Garcia HH, Gonzalez AE, Evans CA &Gilman RH. (2003). Cysticercosis working group in Peru. Taenia.

  9. Is What's Hot in Reading What Should Be Important for Reading Instruction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasinski, Timothy

    2016-01-01

    For years one of the most anticipated events in reading instruction has been Jack Cassidy and his colleagues' annual publication of the "What's Hot, What's Not" survey. In their present study, using longitudinal data from the What's Hot survey, Cassidy, Ortlieb, and Grote-Garcia (2016) make the case that because the Common Core Standards…

  10. Global Cancer Humanitarian Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pat Garcia-Gonzalez of the Max Foundation accepted the first annual NCI Global Cancer Medicine Humanitarian Award for her work in chronic myeloid leukemia at the NCI, Center for Global Health Symposium for Global Cancer Research, held in Boston on March 25, 2015.

  11. Terrain Referenced Navigation Using SIFT Features in LiDAR Range-Based Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-26

    62] Mesas-Carrascosa, Francisco Javier, Isabel Luisa Castillejo-Gonzalez, Manuel Sanchex de La Orden, and Alfonso Garcia-Ferrer Porras. “Combin...System”. Proceeding of the ION 44th Annual Meeting. 1998. [86] Rueda, Antonio, José M Noguera, and Carmen Martı́nez- Cruz . “A Flooding Algorithm for

  12. The Importance of Still Teaching the iGeneration: New Technologies and the Centrality of Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philip, Thomas M.; Garcia, Antero D.

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, Philip and Garcia argue that visions of mobile devices in the classroom often draw on assumptions about the inherent interests youth have in these devices, the capability of these interests to transfer from out-of-school contexts to the classroom, and the capacity for these new technologies to equalize the educational playing field.…

  13. 76 FR 55909 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ..., LLC dba AIM Global Logistics (NVO & OFF), 6402 Teluco Street, Houston, TX 77055, Officer: Angelica Garcia-Dunn, Manager/President/Treasurer (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New OFF & NVO License... Individual), Application Type: Name Change. BestOcean Worldwide Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1300 Valley...

  14. Final Report Bald and Golden Eagle Territory Surveys for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fratanduono, M. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2014-11-25

    Garcia and Associates (GANDA) was contracted by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to conduct surveys for bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) at Site 300 and in the surrounding area out to 10-miles. The survey effort was intended to document the boundaries of eagle territories by careful observation of eagle behavior from selected viewing locations throughout the study area.

  15. A Double Polymerase Chain Reaction Method for Detecting African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: African swine fever, Swine vesicular disease, Polymerase chain reaction, Recombinant plasmids ... included 5 μL of 10×Pfu DNA polymerase buffer,. 1 μL of Pfu DNA .... Garcia-Barreno B, Sanz A, Nogal ML, Vinuela E,. Enjuanes L.

  16. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    deba@theory.saha.ernet.in. Banik Sarmistha, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, ... Biswas S K, Department of Theoretical Physics, IACS, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032. Bordalo Paula, LIP, Av. Elios Garcia 14, 1000 .... Nakagawa Hisao, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Nara University, 1500 Misasagi-Cho,. Nara 631-8502, Japan.

  17. Pre-clinical and Clinical Development of Low Dose Methamphetamine for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Aim 3: Secure FDA approval of a phase I/II clinical trial plan and obtain an amended IND in preparation for initiating human clinical testing in TBI...Neurology 6:193–201. Raineri M, Gonzalez B, Goitia B, Garcia-Rill E, Krasnova IN, Cadet JL, Urbano FJ, Bisagno V. 2012. Modafinil abrogates

  18. Genet mosai tic vari ic virus iability s in Pa y in coa akistan s at prot n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    Saccharum hybrid cultivar. Punjab, Pakistan. KC200152. This study ... Saccharum hybrid cultivar BO 72. Bihar, India. DQ842502 ...... Fan ZF geno. Chin. Farrag. Lesi. 48(1. Frenke. War term virus. Frenke poty regio. Frenke sequ mos. 2783. Garcia plan. Gemec. Lers prot from. Gopal. (Sac. Gopal suga. 7:11. Gotz R. Coc. 147(.

  19. Role of ascitic fluid C3 in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Amany Talaat Kamal

    2012-02-29

    Feb 29, 2012 ... blood glucose, complete blood count, prothrombin concentra- tion and INR were ... P-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. 3. Results ..... References. [1] Garcia Tsao G. Bacterial infection in cirrhosis: treatment and prophylaxis. J Hepatol 2005;42:585–92. [2] Saadeh S, Davis GL. Management ...

  20. Combustion Stability Innovations for Liquid Rocket

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-31

    properties. You can do this by doubte-clctung the left mouse button. If you wish to edit al the species, then click on the Do Al button. Note that the...34Experiments on the Instabilities of a Swirling Jet," Physics of Fluids, Vol. 6, No. 1, Jan. 1994, pp 263-276. Cerecedo, L. M., Aisa , L., Garcia, J. A., and

  1. Inarritu "Paabel" - eri keeled, sarnane hing / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu, võitis Cannes'is parima režissööri auhinna : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal, Koji Yokusho : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006

  2. Rumen dry matter degradability of fresh and ensiled sugarcane

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    my mord

    2013-05-08

    May 8, 2013 ... Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa-MG. pp. 977-985. Ferreira DA, Gonçalves L, Molina LR, Castro-Neto A, Tomich TR. (2007). Fermentation of sugarcane silage treated with urea, zeolita, bacteria inoculant and bacteria/enzymatic inoculants. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. 59:423-433. Garcia H, Abreu M, Soto JM ...

  3. Clinical performance of resin composite restorations: the value of accelerated in-vitro testing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garcia-Godoy, F.

    2012-01-01

    Franklin Garcia-Godoy onderzocht de mogelijkheid van het vulmateriaal composiet om zich te hechten aan harde tandweefsels (glazuur en dentine). Hechting aan dentine zorgt voor een goede afdichting van het tandbeen, wat leidt tot verminderde postoperatieve overgevoeligheden. Hechting aan glazuur is

  4. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 15, No 33 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Micropropagation of caçari under different nutritive culture media, antioxidants, and levels of agar and pH · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Maria Da Conceicao Da Rocha Araujo, Edvan Alves Chagas, Maria Isabel Ribeiro Garcia, Sara Thiele Sobral ...

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-11-24

    Nov 24, 2015 ... 2006 ; 131(8) :464-467. PubMed | Google. Scholar. 3. Ferreira Sheila S, Werutsky Gustavo, Toneto Marcelo Garcia,. Alves Jarcedy Machado, Piantáemail Christina Duarte, Breunig. Raquel Cristine, Brondani da Rocha Adriana, Griviciche Ivana,. Garicochea Bernardo. Synchronous gastrointestinal stromal.

  6. Evolution to decay of upwelling and associated biogeochemistry over the southeastern Arabian sea shelf

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gupta, G.V.M.; Sudheesh, V.; Sudharma, K.V.; Saravanane, N.; Dhanya, V.; Dhanya, K.R.; Lakshmi, G.; Sudhakar, M.; Naqvi, S.W.A.

    was not added for prevent- ing interference with O2 [Wong, 2012]. The small amount of O2 carried by the reagents was not considered. The detection limit was about 2μM. O2 saturation was computed following Garcia and Gordon [1992]. Samples for nutrients (nitrate...

  7. A Comparative Analysis of Word Problems in Selected United States and Russian First Grade Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grishchenko, Svetlana

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore word problems as a subject matter in mathematics textbook curricula. The motivation for the study derived from the following evidence: (a) American students find some word problems are more difficult than others (Garcia, Jimenez, & Hess, 2006; Riley & Green, 1988; Stern, 2001), and (b) one of the…

  8. 76 FR 20233 - Appliance Labeling Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... refer to: Brickman ( 00005); Earthjustice ( 00009); Garcia ( 00002); IKEA of Sweden ( 00003); Leyn... others which found it too long. Specifically, IMERC, NRDC, IKEA of Sweden, and Universal Lighting Systems supported the proposed extension. Both IMERC and IKEA, for instance, argued that the extension is reasonable...

  9. Effect of imazapyr treated maize on Striga infestation and time of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2015-01-21

    Jan 21, 2015 ... Falconer, D. S. (1989) Introduction to quantitative genetics, 3rd edition. Longman Scientific and. Technical Essex England. Garcia-Torres, L. and Lopez-Granados, F. (1991). Control of bromerape (Orobanche crenata. Forsk.) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) with imadazolines and other herbicides. Weed. Res.

  10. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology - Vol 81, No 1 (2010)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Age and sex dimorphism in the Canary Blue Tit Cyanistes teneriffae teneriffae on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Eduardo Garcia-del-Reyge. http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/00306525.2010.455819 ...

  11. A novel approach towards skill-based search and services of Open Educational Resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ha, Kyung-Hun; Niemann, Katja; Schwertel, Uta; Holtkamp, Philipp; Pirkkalainen, Henri; Börner, Dirk; Kalz, Marco; Pitsilis, Vassilis; Vidalis, Ares; Pappa, Dimitra; Bick, Markus; Pawlowski, Jan; Wolpers, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Ha, K.-H., Niemann, K., Schwertel, U., Holtkamp, P., Pirkkalainen, H., Börner, D. et al (2011). A novel approach towards skill-based search and services of Open Educational Resources. In E. Garcia-Barriocanal, A. Öztürk, & M. C. Okur (Eds.), Metadata and Semantics Research: 5th International

  12. (JASR) VOL. 10, No. 2, 2010 69 CITRUS FARMERS PRODUCTION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    oma

    models of citrus, production of bottled citrus juice, jams and marmalades. Although a lot of work has been done in development of improved technologies for ..... Acta. Horticulturae 123:23-27. Owoeye, T (2010) Nigeria: Training farmers will boost agricultural production. www.freshplaza.com/news_detail. Umeh, V.C, Garcia ...

  13. Unwrapping ADMM: Efficient Distributed Computing via Transpose Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-11

    applications of the Split Bregman method: Segmen- tation and surface reconstruction. J. Sci. Comput., 45:272– 293, October 2010. [17] Stephen Boyd and...Garcia, Gretchen Greene, Fabrizia Guglielmetti, Christopher Hanley, George Hawkins , et al. The second-generation guide star cata- log: description

  14. Gender based disruptive selection maintains body size ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-07-04

    Jul 4, 2014 ... life (Roff 1992), perhaps a belief strengthened due to its ... tionary time scale. Hence, if 'bigger is .... (RM)'. Freshly emerged adults were paired with the self- ..... Pitnick S and Garcia-Gonzalez F 2002 Harm to females increases.

  15. Insecticidal properties of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica): it’s for the birds!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldkamp, J.F.

    1986-01-01

    New Scientist (6 June 1985, p. 10) reported that Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae), the Indian neem tree, would be a ’new’ wonder plant. Its medical properties have been known for ages to local people and western botanists (e.g. Garcia de Orta, 1567). In India about 14 million trees, typically planted

  16. Bit keskus. (Uuendusliku Tehnoloogia Keskus) Inca, Mallorca, Hispaania / Alberto Campo Baeza

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    1998-01-01

    High-tech büroo kolmnurksel krundil industriaalpargis. Krundi sisemuses suletud alal "salaaed" apelsinipuudega. Seintel ronivad aromaatse lõhnaga taimed: jasmiinid, vistaaria, viinapuud. Konkurss 1995, ehitus 1997-1998. Arhitekt Alberto Campo Baeza (koos: L. Ignacio Aguirre Lopez, Anton Garcia Abril, Antonio Perez Villegas)

  17. Assessment of the Extracts of Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fischer for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erah

    induced by antidromic stimulation of sensory fibres of rat sciatic nerve. Br J Pharmacol,. 1998; 123:936-942. 16. Gamache DA, Povlishock JT, Ellis EF. Carrageenan induced brain inflammation, characterization of the model. J Neurosurg, 1986; 65:679-685. 17. Garcia-Pastor P, Randazzo A., Gomez-Paloma L,. Alcaraz MJ ...

  18. 10 Translanguaging as an approach to address language inequality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To address this social injustice issue, academic literacy practitioners have a critical ... media of communication, instruction and assessment in education. .... Childs (2016, citing Garcia 2014: 3) argues this point by noting that translanguaging is ..... their cognitive skills because the activities that required them to move across ...

  19. Materiales en Marcha para el Esfuerzo Bilingue-Bicultural (Materials on the March for the Promotion of Bilingualism/Biculturalism).

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Diego City Schools, CA.

    This newsletter is designed for use by teachers, counselors, and administrators involved in bilingual-bicultural education programs. The first three articles, by R. Garcia, R. Pena, and R. Wiezell, which are in Spanish, review language textbooks, materials for teaching elementary science, and several Spanish dictionaries. R. Garza discusses the…

  20. Incidental Aspects in Teaching ESP for "Turismo" in Spain. The "Turismo" Learner: Analysis and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Laborda, Jesus

    2002-01-01

    "Turismo" students usually bring different attitudes, interests, and levels of competence, in their orientation towards learning foreign languages than those shared by other types of students of English, even those for whom English may only be a requirement to obtain a degree (Garcia Laborda, 2001). While, in the future,…

  1. Vulture News

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... underutilized samples for detecting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide poisoning in raptors · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ngaio Richards, Irene Zorrilla, Joseph Lalah, Peter Otieno, Isabel Fernandez, Monica Calvino, Joaquin Garcia ...

  2. Vulture News - Vol 72 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... but underutilized samples for detecting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide poisoning in raptors · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ngaio Richards, Irene Zorrilla, Joseph Lalah, Peter Otieno, Isabel Fernandez, Monica Calvino, Joaquin Garcia ...

  3. Cane molasses and NaOH teated bagacillo diets for lambs | Chicco ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cane molasses and NaOH teated bagacillo diets for lambs. C.F. Chicco, G Garcia, C Fernandez, C.R. Prays. Abstract. The eftect of alkali-treated bag acillo in diets varying in proportion of bagacillo and mollasses was studied in lambs. The bagacillo was treated with a concentration solution of NaOH in a horizontald rum-type ...

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 154 ... Vol 68, No 1 (2015), A preliminary assessment of the palate and tongue for detecting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide exposure in the degraded carcasses of vultures and other animals, Abstract PDF PDF. Ngaio L Richards, Irene Zorilla, Isabel Fernandez, Monica Calvino, Joaquin Garcia, ...

  5. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. Vector-Valued almost Convergence and Classical Properties in Normed Spaces. A Aizpuru R Armario F J Garcia-Pacheco F J Perez-Fernandez. Volume 124 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 93-108 ...

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    French). 1984;30(3):177-81. PubMed |. Google Scholar. 12. Isla A, Paz JM, Sansivirini F, Zamora P, Garcia Grande A,. Fernandez A. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis: a case report. J Neurosurg Sci. 2000 Jun; 44(2):99-101.

  7. Parentage assignment of progeny in mixed milt fertilization of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-06-13

    Jun 13, 2011 ... Fernández, 2008). In the last decade, parentage determination has been proven successful in some species including Gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata using five ... All PCR reactions were conducted in a MJ research ..... Garcia-Marin JL, Guyomard R, Hansen MM, Hindar K, Koljonen ML,. Largiader C ...

  8. 37(4) All.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    LYNNE, S. and GARCIA, M.S (1999). American Society for Microbiology. Practical Guide to Diagnostic. Parasitology: 102-104. pathogenesis and disease. Microbes. Infect. 4: 1047-1058. URQUHART, G.M., ARMOUR, J.,. DUNCAN, J.L., DUNN, A.M. and. JENNINGS, F.W. (1987). Veterinary. Parasitology. UK Longman Group.

  9. 78 FR 55052 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Form FNS-13...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... reporting burden hours as a result of automation and the advancement of State systems technology. The... collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments may be sent to Jon Garcia... the office of the Food and Nutrition Service during regular business hours (8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday...

  10. The Exact Limit of Some Cubic Towers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anbar Meidl, Nurdagül; Beelen, Peter; Nguyen, Nhut

    2017-01-01

    Recently, a new explicit tower of function fields was introduced by Bassa, Beelen, Garcia and Stichtenoth (BBGS). This resulted in currently the best known lower bound for Ihara’s constant in the case of non-prime finite fields. In particular over cubic fields, the tower’s limit is at least as go...

  11. The Role of Polymerase Gamma Mutations in Breast Tumorigenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    481–484. [PubMed: 16020738] 47. Alonso A, Martin P, Albarran C, Aquilera B, Garcia O, Guzman A, et al. Detection of somatic mutations in the...Hum. Genet 2005;76:1081–1086. [PubMed: 15877282] 30. Spinazzola A, Viscomi C, Fernandez -Vizarra E, Carrara F, D’Adamo P, Calvo S, et al. MPV17 encodes

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    chloride (SbCl3/SiO2) acts as a highly efficient acid cata- lyst, in the synthesis of imidazole .... Stellman J M Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety, vol 3 International Labour Office, Geneva,. 1998. 44. (a) Corma A and Garcia H 2006 ...

  13. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    1UFR Sciences et Gestion de l'Environnement, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire. ... microscope and compared. .... examined fish specimens were collected and ... localization and distribution of stomata (Garcia- ... PT = Taxa common to all tropical countries of the world, SZ = Taxa of the.

  14. Development of polyclonal antibodies for the detection of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Development of polyclonal antibodies for the detection of recombinant human erythropoietin. Collares Thaís Farias, Monte Leonardo Garcia, Campos Vinicius Farias, Seixas Fabiana Kömmiling, Collares Tiago Veiras, Dellagostin Odir, Hartleben Cláudia Pinho ...

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    By employing the same technique, Pinnington et al [3] measured lifetimes of some 4d levels of ArII. In addition, results of measurements using the delayed coincidence method were reported by Blagoev [4] and Garcia and. Campos [5]. Zhechev [6] measured the lifetimes of some 4d levels using the method of Hanle effect.

  16. Mapping the Profit Motive: The Distinct Geography and Demography of For-Profit Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, W. Brett

    2015-01-01

    For-profit charter schools represent a controversial new market-based education reform (Garcia, Barber, & Molnar, 2009; Conn, 2002). This essay explores how schools operated by for-profit corporations differ from those operated by non-profit organizations. Specifically, do for-profit charter schools locate in demographically distinct areas and…

  17. Managing Informal Learning in Higher Education Contexts: the learners’ perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marques, Maria A.; Viegas, Maria C.; Alves, Gustavo R.; Zangrando, Valentina; Galanis, Nikolas; Brouns, Francis; Waszkiewicz, Elwira; García-Peñalvo, Francisco J.

    2013-01-01

    Marques, M. A., Viegas, M. C., Alves, G., Zangrando, V., Galanis, N., Brouns, F., Waszkiewicz, E., & Garcia-Peñalvo, F. (2013). Managing Informal Learning in Higher Education Contexts: the learners’ perspective. ICBL2013 International Conference on Interactive Computer-Aided Blended Learning.

  18. The Multilingual Apple: Languages in New York City. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ofelia, Ed.; Fishman, Joshua A., Ed.

    This collection of papers tells the story of how languages other than English have contributed to making New York City a culturally vibrant and linguistically diverse city. Part 1, "Introduction to the Multilingual Apple," features "New York's Multilingualism: World Languages and Their Role in a U.S. City" (Ofelia Garcia). Part…

  19. Total carpometacarpal joint dislocation combined with trapezium fracture, trapezoid dislocation and hamate fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gvozdenovic, R; Vadstrup, Lars Soelberg

    2015-01-01

    and resulted from rupture of both transverse and longitudinal carpal columns. According to the Garcia-Elias classification of axial carpal disruptions, this particular injury mechanism was a combined axial-radial-ulnar type injury. These injuries are extremely rare and are only sporadically described...

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... [11] Otero M, Rozada F, Calvo L F, Garcia A I, Moran A. Kinetic and equilibrium modeling of methylene blue removal from aqueous solution by adsorbent materials produced from sewage sludges. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 2003, 15(1):59-68. [12] Krishnan K A, Ajmal K, Faisal A K, Liji T M. Kinetic ...

  1. Thermal decomposition of natural dolomite

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    TECS

    calcite reported by Garcia Calvo et al (1990) indicates that the presence of impurities is a cause of variation of kinetic parameters obtained. The impurities could func- tion as catalysts owing to their influence in the crystalline structure. 3.3 X-ray diffraction analysis. Figure 2 depicts the powder X-ray diffraction pattern of.

  2. SAJS SAJS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yellon DM, Baxter GF, Garcia-Dorado D, Heusch G, Sumeray MS. Ischae- mic preconditioning: present position and future directions. Cardiovasc Res. 1998 ... Lloris-Carsi JM, Cejalvo D, Toledo-Pereyra LH, Calvo MA, Suzuki S. Pre- conditioning: effect upon lesion modulation in warm ischaemia. Transplant. Proc 1993; 25: ...

  3. Excess use of coercive measures in psychiatry among migrants compared with native Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørredam, Marie Louise; Garcia-Lopez, A; Keiding, N

    2010-01-01

    Norredam M, Garcia-Lopez A, Keiding N, Krasnik A. Excess use of coercive measures in psychiatry among migrants compared with native Danes.Objective: To investigate differences in risk of compulsory admission and other coercive measures in psychiatric emergencies among refugees and immigrants comp...

  4. CLAVE: Revista Especializada de ASOVELE (Asociacion Venezolana para la Ensenanza de la Lengua), 1997-1998 (CLAVE: Specialized Magazine of ASOVELE [Venezuelan Association for Language Teaching], 1997-1998).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rondon, Adolfo, Ed.; Serron, Sergio, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    These two issues of the journal "CLAVE" contain these articles in Spanish with one article in English: "La ensenanza de la lingua materna" (Pablo Arnaez); "Saben resumir los alumnos universitarios de nuevo ingreso?" (Marisol Garcia); "El desempeno en la escritura de cartas argumentativas y cuentos en alumnos de octavo grado" (Yolanda Perez, Maria…

  5. Is the Current US Navy Pacific Basing Structure Adequate for the Twenty-First Century?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-15

    and Opportunities after 9/11. Monogram , U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA. Garcia, Thomas J. 2001. The Potential Role of the Philippines...Master’s monogram , US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA: Putnam, Donald, Keith Crane, and Katharine W. Webb. 1989. The Philippine Bases

  6. Disainikaart : Hispaania / Eve Arpo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arpo, Eve

    2009-01-01

    Hispaania tuntumad arhitektid, disainerid, kunstnikud. Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926), Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Félix Candela (1910-1997), Marti Guixe, Santiago Calatrava, Herme Ciscar, Monica Garcia, Roger Arquer, Patricia Urquiola, Jaime Hayón

  7. Integration of Neurobiological and Computational Analyses of the Neural Network Essentials for Conditioned Taste Aversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-29

    cortex. Physiology a Behavior, IQ, 203-206, 1983. Garcia, J., Hankins, W. G., Coil, S. D. Koalas , men and other conditional gastronomes. In Food...Conditioned taste aversion and the pituitary-adrenal system. Behavioral Biology , 16, 413-424, 1976. Kalat, J. W., Rozin, P. "Learned safety" as a

  8. Ocean Circulation and Dynamics on the West Antarctic Peninsula Continental Shelf

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    Pena-Molino, Stephanie Waterman, Ted Durland, Leif Tomas, Irene Garcia, Fiamma Straneo, Luc Rainville, Mary-Louise 6 Timmermans, Malcolm Scully, Dave...R., Atkinson, A., Korb, A., Whitehouse, M., Ward, P., Rodhouse, P., Enderlein, P., Hirst, A., Martin, A., Hill, S., Staniland, I., Pond, D., Briggs

  9. Review of Arciaga, Juárez y Mendoza (Coords. (2013. Introducción a la Psicología Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Lara

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Reseña del libro: Salvador Arciaga Bernal, Juana Juárez Romero y Jorge Mendoza Garcia  (coord. (2013. Introducción a la Psicología Social. México: UAM-MAPorrúa. ISBN 978-607-28-0109-7

  10. Thermal Decomposition Mechanisms of Alkylimidazolium Ionic Liquids with CN-containing Anions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    S. P., Heintz, A., Corfield, J.-A., Deyko, A., Lovelock , K. R. J., Licence, P. and Jones, R. G. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2008, 112, 11734...Jones, R. G., Licence, P., Lovelock , K. R. J., Satterly, C. J. and Villar-Garcia, I. J. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 982-990. (45) Holloczki

  11. Heats of Vaporization of Room Temperature Ionic Liquids by Tunable Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-31

    A.; deyko, A.; Lovelock , K. R. J.; Licence, P.; Jones, R. G. J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 11734. (19) Armstrong, J. P.; Hurst, C.; Jones, R. G...Licence, P.; Lovelock , K. R. J.; Satterly, C. J.; Villar-Garcia, I. J. PCCP 2007, 9, 982. (20) Gross, J. H. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2008, 19, 1347

  12. Ultraviolet Photoionization Efficiency of the Vaporized Ionic Liquid 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Tricyanomethanide: Direct Detection of the Intact Ion Pair (Post Print)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    Lovelock , K. R. J.; Satterly, C. J.; Villar-Garcia, I. J. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2007, 9, 982−990. (11) Strasser, D.; Goulay, F.; Kelkar, M. S.; Maginn, E...J.; Leone, S. R. J. Phys. Chem. A 2007, 111, 3191−3915. (12) Lovelock , K. R. J.; Deyko, A.; Corfield, J.-A.; Gooden, P. N.; Licence, P.; Jones, R. G

  13. Upconversion emission of BaTiO3 :Er nanocrystals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    Meneses-Nava M A, Barbosa-Garcia O and Salas P 2003. Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 4903. La Rosa E De, Salas P, Desirena H, Angeles C and Rodriguez. R A 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 241912. Matsuura D 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 81 4526. Pandozzi F, Vetrone F, Boyer J C, Naccache R, Capobianco. J A, Speghini A and Bettinelli ...

  14. eLearning--Theories, Design, Software and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghislandi, Patrizia, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Chapters in this book include: (1) New e-Learning Environments: e-Merging Networks in the Relational Society (Blanca C. Garcia); (2) Knowledge Building in E-Learning (Xinyu Zhang and Lu Yuhao); (3) E-Learning and Desired Learning Outcomes (Ralph Palliam); (4) Innovative E-Learning Solutions and Environments for Small and Medium Sized Companies…

  15. Signature of Spanish Traineeship Collaboration Agreement between CERN and CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    Redondo Esteban, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Signature of the collaboration agreement for the training of young Spanish engineers and applied physicists in key CERN technologies. CIEMAT represented by D. Cayetano Lopez Martinez, Director-General. CERN represented by Dr. Jose Miguel Jimenez, Head of Technology Department. In presence of Ms Maria Luisa Poncela Garcia, Secretary-General for Science, Technology and Innovation. Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

  16. Controlling carrageenan structure using a novel formylglycine-dependent sulfatase, an endo-4S-iota-carrageenan sulfatase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Préchoux, Aurélie; Genicot, Sabine; Rogniaux, Hélène; Helbert, William

    2013-06-01

    Carrageenans are sulfated polysaccharides that are found in the cell walls of red algae. These polysaccharides have gelling and texturizing properties that are widely appreciated in industrial applications. However, these functional properties depend strongly on the sulfation of the moieties of the carrabiose repetition unit. Here we aimed to monitor the sulfate composition of gelling carrageenan. To do so, we screened and purified from Pseudoalteromonas atlantica a 4S-iota carrageenan sulfatase that converts ι-carrabiose into α-carrabiose units. The sequence of this protein matched the annotated Q15XH3 (Uniprot databank) formylglycine-dependent sulfatase found in the P. atlantica genome. With pure enzyme, ι-carrageenan could be transformed into a hybrid ι-/α-carrageenan or pure α-carrageenan. Analysis of the distribution of the carrabiose moieties in hybrid carrageenan chain using enzymatic degradation with Alteromonas fortis ι-carrageenase, coupled with chromatography and NMR spectroscopy experiments, showed that the sulfatase has an endo mode of action. The endo-character and the specificity of the sulfatase made it possible to prepare hybrid κ-/ι-/α-carrageenan and κ-/α-carrageenan starting from κ-/ι-carrageenan.

  17. A new gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the Atlantic Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus maculatus (Scombridae) off the Atlantic Coast of Florida and South Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moravec, František; Bakenhaster, Micah; de Buron, Isaure

    2013-04-01

    A new nematode species, Philometra atlantica n. sp. (Philometridae), is described from male and female specimens found in the ovary of the Atlantic Spanish mackerel, Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill) (Scombridae, Perciformes), off the Atlantic coast of Florida and South Carolina. Based on light and scanning electron microscopy examination, the new species differs from most other gonad-infecting Philometra spp. in the length of spicules (111-126 μm), number and arrangement of genital papillae, and a U-shaped, dorsally interrupted caudal mound in the male. A unique feature among all gonad-infecting philometrids is the presence of 2 reflexed dorsal barbs on the distal end of the gubernaculum. From a few congeneric, gonad-infecting species with unknown males, it can be distinguished by some morphological and biometrical features found in gravid females (body length, length of first-stage larvae or esophagus, structure of caudal end) and by the host type (fish family) and geographical distribution. Philometra atlantica is the fourth valid gonad-infecting species of Philometra reported from fishes of the family Scombridae.

  18. Quality attributes of pistachio nuts as affected by rootstock and deficit irrigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbonell-Barrachina, Ángel A; Memmi, Houssem; Noguera-Artiaga, Luis; Gijón-López, María del Carmen; Ciapa, Rafał; Pérez-López, David

    2015-11-01

    In this work, the influence of two regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) treatments and three different rootstocks on the quality of pistachios was evaluated by analyzing different parameters: morphological analysis, physicochemical analysis and sensory analysis. The results obtained in terms of the choice of rootstock revealed that Pistacia atlantica had increased production yields, nut weight, mineral content, higher intensities of characteristic sensory attributes and a higher degree of consumer satisfaction, than the other rootstocks studied. Moreover, the results established that the application of RDI on pistachio cultivation had no significant influence on production yield, weight, size, colour, water activity or mineral composition. Furthermore, T1 treatment (stem water potential < -1.3 MPa) resulted in higher intensities of characteristic sensory attributes and a greater level of satisfaction among international consumers. These results confirm that the application of deficit irrigation (T1) contributes to an increase in overall product quality. Furthermore, Pistacia atlantica rootstock provided better yield and quality than the other rootstocks studied. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  19. First report on the contribution of small-sized species to the copepod community structure of the southern Patagonian shelf (Argentina, 47-55°S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Carolina Antacli

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The copepod community structure, with special emphasis on small-sized species, was studied over the southern Patagonian shelf in late summer 2004, applying the first plankton sampling in the region with a fine-mesh (66 μm net. The key role of the copepods Drepanopus forcipatus and Calanus australis was confirmed, but also the high abundance and frequency of occurrence of the microcopepods Oithona helgolandica and Microsetella norvegica and of the medium-sized copepod Ctenocalanus vanus were revealed. Copepod community structure was nearly homogenous over the entire study area. Drepanopus forcipatus, O. helgolandica and M. norvegica were identified as the typical species of the region, although secondarily C. australis and Oithona atlantica also contributed significantly to community similarity across the area. The study of interspecific relationships of dominant copepods indicated that D. forcipatus and C. australis were associated positively with O. helgolandica, while C. vanus, and M. norvegica constituted a separate assemblage with Clausocalanus brevipes and O. atlantica. The importance of fine-mesh-size nets for collecting the smaller size fractions of mesozooplankton and for accurately portraying the mesozooplankton assemblage structure in the area is stressed by this study.

  20. In vitro effect of seven essential oils on the reproduction of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pazinato

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The acaricidal effect of seven essential oils was examined in vitro against the cattle tick (Rhipicephalus microplus. Engorged female ticks were manually collected in farms of Southern Brazil and placed into petri dishes (n = 10 in order to test the following oils: juniper (Juniperus communis, palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii, cedar (Cedrus atlantica, lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus, ginger (Zingiber officinale, geranium (Pelargonium graveolens and bergamot (Citrus aurantium var bergamia at concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10% each. A control group was used to validate the tests containing Triton X-100 only. Treatment effectiveness was measured considering inhibition of tick oviposition (partial or total, egg’s weight, and hatchability. C. martinii, C. citratus and C. atlantica essential oils showed efficacy higher than 99% at all concentrations tested. In addition, J. communis, Z. officinale, P. graveolens, and C. aurantium var bergamia oils showed efficiency ranging from 73% to 95%, depending on the concentration tested, where higher concentrations showed greater efficacy. It was concluded that essential oils can affect tick reproduction in vitro by inhibiting oviposition and hatchability.

  1. Diatom feeding across trophic guilds in tidal flat nematodes, and the importance of diatom cell size

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moens, Tom; Vafeiadou, Anna-Maria; De Geyter, Ellen; Vanormelingen, Pieter; Sabbe, Koen; De Troch, Marleen

    2014-09-01

    We examine the capacity of nematodes from three feeding types (deposit feeder, epistrate feeder, predator) to utilize microphytobenthos (MPB), and assess whether diatom cell size and consumer body size are important drivers of their feeding. We analyzed natural stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen in abundant nematode genera and a variety of carbon sources at an estuarine intertidal flat. All nematodes had δ13C indicating that MPB is their major carbon source. δ15N, however, demonstrated that only one deposit and one epistrate feeder genus obtained most of their carbon from direct grazing on MPB, whereas other deposit feeders and predators obtained at least part of their carbon by predation on MPB grazers. We then performed a microcosm experiment in which equal cell numbers of each of three differently sized strains of the pennate diatom Seminavis were offered as food to four, one and one genera of deposit feeders, epistrate feeders and predators, respectively. Previous studies have shown that all but the epistrate feeder ingest whole diatoms, whereas the epistrate feeder pierces cells and sucks out their contents. Most genera showed markedly higher carbon absorption from medium and large cells than from small ones. When considering the number of cells consumed, however, none of the nematodes which ingest whole cells exhibited a clear preference for any specific diatom size. The epistrate feeder was the smallest nematode taxon considered here, yet it showed a marked preference for large cells. These results highlight that the feeding mechanism is much more important than consumer size as a driver of particle size selection in nematodes grazing MPB.

  2. Revision of J3Gen and Validity of the Attacks by Peinado et al.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Peinado

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This letter is the reply to: Remarks on Peinado et al.’s Analysis of J3Gen by J. Garcia-Alfaro, J. Herrera-Joancomartí and J. Melià-Seguí published in Sensors 2015, 15, 6217–6220. Peinado et al. cryptanalyzed the pseudorandom number generator proposed by Melià-Seguí et al., describing two possible attacks. Later, Garcia-Alfaro claimed that one of this attack did not hold in practice because the assumptions made by Peinado et al. were not correct. This letter reviews those remarks, showing that J3Gen is anyway flawed and that, without further information, the interpretation made by Peinado et al. seems to be correct.

  3. Psychological morbidity in Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy depends on phenotypic, social, economic, and genetic factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub2 1Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; 2University of Tunis El Manar, Genomics Platform, Pasteur Institute of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia We have read with interest the article by Garcia et al1 about the effect of visual impairment on psychological well-being with regard to mood, interpersonal interactions, and career-related goals.1 Among the 103 Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON patients, half became depressed with negative impacts on interpersonal relations and career goals. At diagnosis, older age corresponded to higher depression prevalence than young age. We have the following comments and concerns.View the original paper by Garcia and colleagues.  

  4. Application of a planetary wave breaking parameterization to stratospheric circulation statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randel, William J.; Garcia, Rolando R.

    1994-01-01

    The planetary wave parameterization scheme developed recently by Garcia is applied to statospheric circulation statistics derived from 12 years of National Meteorological Center operational stratospheric analyses. From the data a planetary wave breaking criterion (based on the ratio of the eddy to zonal mean meridional potential vorticity (PV) gradients), a wave damping rate, and a meridional diffusion coefficient are calculated. The equatorward flank of the polar night jet during winter is identified as a wave breaking region from the observed PV gradients; the region moves poleward with season, covering all high latitudes in spring. Derived damping rates maximize in the subtropical upper stratosphere (the 'surf zone'), with damping time scales of 3-4 days. Maximum diffusion coefficients follow the spatial patterns of the wave breaking criterion, with magnitudes comparable to prior published estimates. Overall, the observed results agree well with the parameterized calculations of Garcia.

  5. Nuclear energy over the last 20 years and current developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The round-table debate was chaired by Jose Maria Fernandez-Rua, who began with a presentation of the current situation in the nuclear sector, namely the permanent shutdown of Lemoniz, Valdecaballeros and Trillo nuclear power plants, and continued with the introduction of the participants: Javier de Pinedo, Director of Generation for Iberdrola; Alberto Lopez, General Manager of Enresa; Guillermo Velarde, Director of the Institute of Nuclear Fusion of the ETSIIM; Adolfo Garcia Rodriguez, General Manager of Empresarios Agrupados; Enrique Garcia Alvarez, technical Director of the Endesa Group; Rafael Caro, Member of the Nuclear Safety Council; Juan Velarde Fuentes; Professor of Economics at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, and Agustin Alonso, Professor of Nuclear Technology at ETSIIM (Author)

  6. Strengthening Child Protection Systems for Unaccompanied Migrant Children in Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verdasco Martinez, Andrea

    children. By identifying children’s reasons for migrating, it identifies the main risks they encounter once they start living and working in Ressano Garcia. These include: lack of access to educational opportunities, exposure to child labour exploitation, trafficking and smuggling. This paper argues......This research sets out to understand the why, how and with whom of rural-urban internal migration of children to Ressano Garcia, a border town between Mozambique and South Africa. It addresses the overarching research question of how to strengthen child protection systems for unaccompanied migrant...... that child protection systems must respond to the unique situation of migrant children’s needs. Child protection and migration policies need to strike a balance between discouraging unsafe migration, which has the potential to expose children to violence, and ensuring that systems are in place for safe...

  7. Mississippi CaP HBCU Undergraduate Research Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-01

    novel effective treatments and addressing mechanisms of resistance for men with high-risk or metastatic PCa. Likewise, these projects will eventually...Immunoevasion in Prostate Cancer Charles Phillips 2015 TC Senior Biology 3.42 Yin Yuan Mo Long non-coding RNAs as potential diagnostic/prognostic markers in...of 2015) will be coauthors in a manuscript from Drs. Mao and Zhou (mentors). Angel Garcia (Class of 2015) will be coauthor in an article from Dr

  8. MobilED: a step backwards to look ahead

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Den Berg, M

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Psychology, 52(3), 476-485. Gamache, P. (2002). University Students as Creators of Personal Knowledge: an alternative epistemological view. Teaching in Higher Education, 7(3), 277. Garcia, L., & Quek, F. (1997). Qualitative research in information systems... Kenney & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational Design Research (pp. 52-67). London: Routledge. Reeves, T. C., Herrington, J., & Olivier, R. (2005). Design Research: A Socially Responsible Approach to Instructional Technology Research in Higher Education...

  9. Narraciones de Cien Años de Soledad Acerca del Conflicto Armado y la Violencia Política en Colombia (Naratives of One Hundred Years of Solitude About the Armed Conflict and Political Violence in Colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    Camilo Eduardo Umaña Hernández

    2014-01-01

    This paper intends to explore the narrations of the conflict and political violence embedded in the novel One hundred years of solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. As one of the most important Colombian books of the last century, “One Hundred years of Solitude” evidences the magical narrative and imagination of the Caribbean as well as the reality of life, death, family, love, work, social conflicts and other aspects that are relevant for understanding and exploring the perceptions...

  10. A new species of Piaroa (Schizomida: Hubbardiidae) from Venezuela, with taxonomic notes on the genus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    M, Osvaldo Villarreal; De Armas, Luis F; García, Luis Fernando

    2014-02-19

    A new species belonging to the schizomid genus Piaroa Villarreal, Giupponi and Tourinho, 2008 is described from north-western Venezuela. A complementary description of Piaroa guipongai Villarreal and Garcia, 2012 is provided including SEM pictures of relevant structures of both sexes. A key for males of Piaroa and Colombiazomus Armas and Delgado-Santa, 2012 is included. The presence of Dm3 setae on Hubbardiidae is discussed.

  11. Surveillance for White-Nose Syndrome in the bat community at El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdez, Ernest W.

    2012-01-01

    From late winter to summer 2011, the U.S. Geological Survey Arid Lands Field Station conducted mist-netting efforts at El Malpais National Monument and on adjacent lands belonging to Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Forest Service to detect the occurrence of white-nose syndrome or causal fungal agent (Geomyces destructans). During this assessment, 421 bats belonging to 8 species were documented at El Malpais National Monument and adjacent lands. None of these captures showed evidence for the presence of white-nose syndrome or G. destructans, but it is possible that the subtle signs of some infections may not have been observed. Throughout the field efforts, Laguna de Juan Garcia was the only water source located on El Malpais National Monument and was netted on June 20 and 27, July 25, and August 2, 2011. During these dates, a total of 155 bats were captured, belonging to eight species including: Corynorhinus townsendii (Townsend's Big-Eared Bat), Eptesicus fuscus (Big Brown Bat), Lasionycterics noctivagans (Silver-Haired Bat), Myotis ciliolabrum (Small-Footed Myotis), M. evotis (Long-eared myotis), M. thysanodes (Fringed Myotis), M. volans (Long-Legged Myotis), and Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat). Overall, Laguna de Juan Garcia had the greatest number of captures (79 bats) during one night compared to the other sites netted on adjacent lands and had the greatest species diversity of 8 species netted, not including Euderma maculatum (Spotted Bat) that was detected by its audible calls as it flew overhead. Laguna de Juan Garcia is an important site to bats because of its accessibility by all known occurring species, including the less-maneuverable T. brasiliensis that is known to form large colonies in the park. Laguna de Juan Garcia is also important as a more permanent water source during drought conditions in the earlier part of the spring and summer, as observed in 2011.

  12. A Study of Fire Hazards from Combustible Ammunition: Effects of Scale and Confinement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    2268 171 02 Solna, Sweden Major Vincente Garcia Estado Major del Ejercito Division de Logistica Calle Prim. Madrid, Spain ...distance standards and classification test procedures for munition items in storage and transport with particular emphasis on items that present mainly...Operations 3 National Defence Headquarters 191 Colonel By Drive Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K2 Cdt. P. Denecker Centre Logistique de la Force Terrestre

  13. Reseña de Espacios públicos, género y diversidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Elpidio Domínguez Ruiz

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo es una reseña de "Espacios públicos, género y diversidad", editado por Maria Dolors Garcia Ramon, Anna Ortiz Guitart y Maria Prats Ferret (2014, Icaria. Su libro reúne una serie de análisis geográficos del genero y la interseccionalidad basados en trabajo de campo en varias ciudades catalanas.

  14. Screening and Selection of New Antagonists of the RING-Mediated Hdm2/Hdmx Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    functional protein onto a chemically modi - fied surface using a chemoselec- tive ligation reaction. Berrade, Garcia and Camarero group for the site...American Diabetes Associ- ation award 1-06-CD-23 and National Institute of Health award GM090323-01 to A.S. Supporting information for this article is...the use of modi - fied protein splicing units[15,16] (Figure 2). This therefore makes them ideal scaffolds for molecular evolution strategies to enable

  15. International Conference (4th) on Nanostructured Materials Held in Stockholm, Sweden on 14-19 June 1998. Special Volume - Part A. Volume 12, Numbers 1-4, 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-19

    Investigaciones Quimicas and Dpto. Quimica Inorgänica. Centra de Investigaciones Cientificas Isla de la Cartuja. Avda. Americo Vespuccio s/n, 41092...Sevilla, Spain. 3 Dpto. de Quimica- Fisica , Universidad de Sevilla, C/Prof. Garcia Gonzalez s/n, 41012-Sevilla. Abstract—An electrochemical process has...AGGREGATES J.A. Sotelo* and G.A. Niklasson# *Dpto. de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Apto. 5045, Lima, Peru

  16. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Volume 7, Issue 1

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous

    2011-01-01

    Table of Contents: (1) Takeshima, Hiroyuki: "Sensitivity of Welfare Effects Estimated by an Equilibrium Displacement Model: A Productivity Growth for Semi-subsistence Crops in a Sub-Sahara African Market with High Market Margin," pp. 1-22; (2) Garcia-Fuentes, Pablo A. and P. Lynn Kennedy: "Foreign Direct Investment Inflows to Latin America and the Caribbean: Remittances and Market Size," pp. 23-42; (3) Adhikari, Shyam, Jaime E. Malaga and Eric J. Belasco: "Exchange Rate Volatility Impact on S...

  17. Cryptographic key generation using handwritten signature

    OpenAIRE

    Freire, Manuel R.; Fiérrez, Julián; Ortega-García, Javier

    2006-01-01

    M. Freire-Santos ; J. Fierrez-Aguilar ; J. Ortega-Garcia; "Cryptographic key generation using handwritten signature", Biometric Technology for Human Identification III, Proc. SPIE 6202 (April 17, 2006); doi:10.1117/12.665875. Copyright 2006 Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of...

  18. Increasing the Robustness of Biometric Templates for Dynamic Signature Biometric Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Tolosana Moranchel, Rubén; Vera-Rodríguez, Rubén; Ortega-García, Javier; Fiérrez, Julián

    2015-01-01

    Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. R. Tolosana, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Ortega-Garcia and J. Fierrez, "Increasing the robustness of biometric templates for dynamic...

  19. Fighting in a Contested Space Environment: Training Marines for Operations with Degraded or Denied Space-Enabled Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    TRAINING MARINES FOR OPERATIONS WITH DEGRADED OR DENIED SPACE-ENABLED CAPABILITIES 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) David M. Garcia 7. PERFORMING ...ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5000 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING...could possibly have been linked to the blast as well [19]. Space Debris (4) There are over 20,000 pieces of debris the size of a softball or greater

  20. Evaluation of Cyber Sensors for Enhancing Situational Awareness in the ICS environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    basis of this research was motivated by a paper entitled, “Quantitatively Assessing and Visualising Industrial System Attack Surfaces,” written by...capabilities; it comes with a single NIC and various I/O ports such as USB, HDMI, and audio out. For this research, a USB wifi dongle is used...Quantitatively Assessing and Visualising Industrial System Attack Surfaces”. University of Cambridge, Darwin College, 2011. [22] Martin-Garcia, L. and

  1. Mechanisms of Laser Induced Reactions in Opaque Heterogeneous Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    ST. Av. bonds, both within its own structure and also with Rovisco Pais. 109h Lisboa Codex. Portugal. §Present address: Centro de Quimica Pura e...and L. F. VIEIRA FERREIRA Centro de Quimica Fisica Molecular, Universidade Ttcnica de Lisboa. Complexo 1, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais...and Ana R. Garcia Centro de Quimica Fisica Molecular, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa--Complexo I-IST. Av- Rovisco Pais, 1096 Lisboa Codex, Portugal

  2. Measurement of Resistive Torques in Major Human Joints

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-04-01

    was assisted by the following graduate students whose names, in the order of the magnitude of their contributions, are: Richard D. Peindl, Manssour...acknowledged by the author, a considerable addi- tional time investment was made by the principal investigator and several graduate students to complete the...Conaill, M.A., "Joint Movement," Physiotherapy (50), 359, 1964. 17. Murphy, W.W., Garcia, D.H. and Bird, R.G., "Measurement of Body Motion," ASME

  3. Translations on Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, Number 282.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-27

    Judicial Police agents Francisco Fernandez Marin and Jesus Godoy Garcia. The arrest of Humberto de los Angeles Gutierrez and dentist Mario Alberto ...National Defense. He replaces Lt Col Alberto Alonso Rodriguez who has been named deputy commander of the 52nd Infantry Battalion in Chihuahua City...to sell in that city. Gaico Veremo Jacama (grower) 42 years of age, rural worker, living in Chibabava. Joao Mahala (smoker) bachelor, 34 years old

  4. Nietos Morales

    OpenAIRE

    Arriaga

    2015-01-01

    1 Toma en 2 revelados O.I. V. DE GARCIA- Carlota R. 80 años MORALES- Pedro J. 12 años MORALES- Francisco de S. 10 años 6mes. MORALES- Beatriz 09 años Morales- Antonio 07 años MORALES- Manuel 04 años 6mes. MORALES- José 01 año

  5. Hierarchical and Size Dependent Mechanical Properties of Silica and Silicon Nanostructures Inspired by Diatom Algae

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Chaniotakis. The physical and mechanical properties of composite cements manufactured with cal- careous and clayey greek diatomite mixtures. Cement and...Hierarchical and size dependent mechanical properties of silica and silicon nanostructures inspired by diatom algae by Andre Phillipe Garcia B.S...dependent mechanical properties of silica and silicon nanostructures inspired by diatom algae 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  6. Translations on Latin America, Number 1657

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-06-01

    only Con- structor Camargo Correa would be able to hang on. The other four large na- tional companies would inevitably go bankrupt." Beginning with...Saint Thomas [Aquinas], Father Francisco de Vitoria, used the doctrine of human rights as his basis when he founded "jus gentium" or international...of the Interior Ministry were the head of the State Secrets Bureau, Francisco Garcia, and specialists in this area, who provided their input. The

  7. Understanding the Etiology of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    catalog #4856), mouse anti-NeuN (1:500; Millipore), GFAP (1:100, DAKO) and DCX (1:500, Santa Cruz Biotechnology). Each staining was replicated in slices...Tramontin, A.D., Quinones-Hinojosa, A., Barbaro, N.M., Gupta, N., Kunwar, S., Lawton, M.T., McDermott, M.W., Parsa, A.T., Manuel -Garcia, V.J. et al

  8. Zika Virus, a Cause of Fever in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    considered with the isolation of ZIKA Lee, V. H. & Moore, D. L. (1972). Vectors of the virus from a variety of other Aedes of the subgenus 1969 yellow...a vector of the virus . 46, 669-673. Marchette, N. J., Garcia, R. & Rudnick, A. (1969). Acknowledgements Isolation of Zika virus from Aedes aegypti mos...hemagglutination test for the diagnosis of human Twelve isolations of Zika virus from Aedes leptospirosis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology

  9. Calculation of Viscous Effects on Ship Wave Resistance Using Axisymmetric Boundary Layer Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-13

    Layers in Pressure Gradients," NSRDC Report 3308, April 1970. 38. Garcia, J.M. and Zazurca, J.A.A., " Calculo de la Resistencia Viscosa de un Buque a...none USERS 21 ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION UNCLASSIFIED 22a NAME OF RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL Henry T. Wang 22b TELEPHONE (Include Area Code...theory. Since then, calculation of the resistance due to the waves generated by a surface ship advancing at constant forward speed has been an area of

  10. A first look at Au· Au collisions at RHIC energies using the PHOBOS ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Birger Back M D Baker D S Barton R R Betts R Bindel A Budzanowski W Busza A Carroll J Corbo M P Decowski E Garcia N George K Gulbrandsen S Gushue C Halliwell J Hamblen G A Heintzelman C Henderson D Hicks D J Hofman R Hollis R Holyńiski B Holzman A Iordanova E Johnson J L Kane J Katzy N Khan W ...

  11. Strategic Sealift Supporting Army Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    2002. Sister services, the Navy and the Air Force, are constructed around their modes of transportation. They take themselves to the battle around...The vessels returned to Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean and transloaded all of the equipment to vessels small enough to be received at Mogadishu ...of their response time, though. Marines and Navy Seals were in Mogadishu before a port assessment had ever been done. Forces were committed without

  12. The Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (38th) Held in Honolulu, Hawaii on 10-14 December 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    FOR IgG ANTIBODIES TO LEISHMANIA MEXICANA MEXICANA. M.R. Garcia*, F. Andrade, R. Esquivel, E. Simmonds, S. Canto, and A.L. Cruz. University of Yucatan ...Baltimore, MD; Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia; and Instituto de Investigacin Nutricional .?? 4:15 437 CHICKENPOX IN THE U.S. ARMY: A DEVELOPING... Yucatan (Mexico) Tropical Diseases Research Unit. Reference Center for Leishmaniasis Control. A total of 223 sera from human beings were processed by

  13. A Study on Stability of Limit Cycle Walking Model with Feet: Parameter Study

    OpenAIRE

    Yonggwon Jeon; Youn-sik Park; Youngjin Park

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, two kinds of feet, namely, curved and flat feet, are added to limit cycle walking model to investigate its stability properties. Although both models are already proposed and are investigated, most previous works are focused on efficiency and gait behaviors. Only the stability properties of the simplest walking model conceived Garcia et al. are well defined. Therefore, there is still a need for a precise research on the effect of feet, especially in the view of local stability,...

  14. Context Evaluation of Historical Sites in the Prado Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-29

    Mendoza (452) Vega (455) Garcia (458) Morales (459) Padiga (460) Aguilar (461) Montes (461) Morales (462) Aquque [3] (468) Serana (477) Guerrero (479...Maine Lopera, Emilio " Schoolmaster Chile Velardez, Francisco 489 Hatter Mexico Macy, Oben 517 Physician No. Carolina Total number: 13 already well...Jose Innocenta 3 Calif. Rafael 18 -- laborer Calif. Miguel 14 Calif. Pedro 12 Calif. Refugia 9 Calif. Mariano 25 -- laborer Calif. Vittoriano Vega 40

  15. Trends in South American weapons purchases at the beginning of the new millennium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Duarte Villa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with some frequency it is heard that Latin America, especially South America, is witnessing the rise of an arms race. Frequent reports in the press and strong statements made by politicians in the region have fueled this fear. At the same time, scholars have also reached to this conclusion, as pointed out by Malamud and Garcia: "The famous arms race in Latin America, led by Venezuela, is no longer just talk."

  16. Latin America Report No. 2532

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-06

    Trimarco himself who put forward Nicolaides’ name, according to military sources. Nicolaides’ father was bom in Greece and his mother in Cordoba...telephone companies, and the water works, as well as other terrorist acts aimed at social clubs, embassies, urban transportation, military hospital centers...34), Jesus Maria Pesca Garcia (alias "Chucho"), Nelson Ortiz Ovalle, Wilson Ramirez Hurtado, Jairo Arias Perez, Ricardo Londono, Elvira Reyes de

  17. Translations on Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, Number 281.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-21

    Mr F. Potts, said the State’s industry was of economic and national strategic importance. He said Australia would soon become one of the world’s...have their headquarters in those highly industrialized nations. These statements made by Pedro Ojeda Paullada (currently Secretary of Labor and...involved in the drug traffic. She lives on Tepanco Street, Parque San Andres District, Coyoacan where the marihuana was found. Jovita Ramirez Garcia

  18. Language Identification by Statistical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-09-01

    1520. Dario, Ruben, Azul (El rey burgues). Diaz,del Castillo, Bemal, The Imprisonment of Moctezuma. Fernandez dc Lizardi, Jose Joaquin, El...poriquillo sarniento. Garcia Calderon, Francisco, La creacion de un continente. Garcilaso de la Vega, El Inca, Comentarios reales de los incas. Gonzalez...Facundo. Siguenza y Gongora, Carlos de, Infortunios de Alonso Rameriz. Ugarte, Manuel, El destino de un contincnte (La ncuva Roma). Vasconcelos

  19. Crisis and Legitimacy: The Role of the Mexican Military in Politics and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Clark, ed. Las relaciones: Mdxico-Estados Unidos ( Lecturas 43). Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Econ6mica, 1981. Temas Mexicanos 2: IV informe del...rebellion heard throughout New Spain, and abroad. Hidalgo’s rebel army, la tropa insurgents (insurgent troops), was Mexico’s first popular armed force - a...opponents occurred over rumors of rebellion; such was the fate of General Garcia de la Cadena. State governors were all Porfirian appointees, trusted

  20. Aircraft Measurements for Understanding Air-Sea Coupling and Improving Coupled Model Predictions Over the Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-30

    briefing for aircraft operations in Diego Garcia, reports posted on EOL field catalog in realtime (http://catalog.eol.ucar.edu/cgi- bin/dynamo/report...index); • Dropsonde data processing on all P3 flights and realtime QC/reporting to GTS; and • Science summary of aircraft missions posted on EOL ...data analysis, worked with EOL on data quality control (QC), participated in the DYNAMO Sounding Workshop at EOL /NCAR from 6-7 February 2012

  1. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 424 ... Ballet, J · Banks, M · Barrios, Luis Garcia · Belle, EM · Belle, EMS · Bertrand, A · Besnard, Guillaume · Birkinshaw, C · Birkinshaw, CB · Birkinshaw, Christopher R. Blanthorn, Tara S. Bollen, A · Borgerson, C · Botero, Natalia · Brenier, A · Brimont, Laura · Buckley, GA · Burney, D · Burney, DA · Bussmann ...

  2. Effects of changes in fallow length on soil organic C due to climate change and socioeconomic factors in potato-based cropping systems in the Bolivian Highlands

    OpenAIRE

    Motavalli, Peter P.; Aguilera, Javier; Jintaridth, B.; Valdivia, Corinne; Gonzáles, M.; Chambilla, Carola

    2009-01-01

    The Bolivian highland plateau region (Altiplano) is a semi-arid region in the Andes Mountains that occupies approximately 27% of the area of Bolivia and has a range in elevation of between 3600 and 4300 m above sea level. The region's climate is characterized by high diurnal temperature variations, frost risks, low and irregular precipitation and high risks of drought during the growing season (Garcia et al., 2007). Potato-based cropping systems and livestock rearing of cows, sheep and cameli...

  3. Managing obstructive gastric volvulus: challenges and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Garcia,Hector; Wright,Andrew; Yates,Robert

    2017-01-01

    Hector Alejandro Rodriguez-Garcia,1 Andrew S Wright,2–4 Robert B Yates1–3 1Department of Surgery, Center for Esophageal and Gastric Surgery, 2Center for Videoendoscopic Surgery, 3Hernia Center, 4Institute for Simulation and Interprofessional Studies, UWMC, University of Washington, Seattle, USA Abstract: Gastric volvulus is the abnormal torsion of the stomach along its short or long axis. Most patients who experience gastric volvulus present with mild or intermittent gastr...

  4. Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in the AFHSC-GEIS Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    K, Fraser SL, Galloway RL, Hospenthal DR, Murray CK: Antimicrobial susceptibilities of geographically diverse clinical human isolates of Leptospira...Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2008, 52:2750-2754. 16. Murray CK, Pimentel G, Parker T, Beckius ML, Samir A, Rhman BA, Mende K, Galloway RL, Hospenthal DR...Hall ER, Villaran M, Garcia J, Scott P, Bautista CT, Sateren WB, Gray M, Murray CK, Hospenthal DR, Maves RC: Serosurvey of leptospirosis in Peruvian

  5. Quicksilver IV: The Real Operation Fortitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Fortitude, they have also focused on the personalities that made those operations so fascinating; they have devoted entire books to Juan Garcia...was unclear, I have included explanatory notes, based on my own insights, in an effort to provide clarity. The original text is in normal font . Text...that was handwritten in is in italics. Text that was manually crossed out is in a strikethrough font . Notes on Coordinates and Conversion The

  6. Investigation of Improper Disclosure of For Official Use Only Information from the Comprehensive Review Working Group Draft Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    and sealed in brown envelopes and the envelopes bound together with a large rubber band. The top envelope had an affixed label printed in 25 font ...red text with the words "EYES ONLY" and the name of the recipient in 18 font red text, all underlined. In addition to the draft Report and...Marine Corps, Retired Commander two copies. One from Mr. Paul & :Mr. Juan Garcia Captain Copy made by Executive Asst to Mr. Robert Work USMC Colonel

  7. The Army’s Local Economic Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Garcia in the Department of Defense Office of the Actuary delivered essential data for this project and came through at the perfect moment. The...Appendix A. 9 U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Actuary , Statistical Report on the Military Retirement System: Fiscal Year 2012, Department...of Defense, 2013; U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Actuary , Statistical Report on the Military Retire- ment System: Fiscal Year 2013, May 2014

  8. Citrullinated Chemokines in Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    inflammation, thick- ness of the synovial lining layer, and vascularity (16). These observations support the hypothesis that citrulli- nated chemokines may...Gerszten RE, Garcia-Zepeda EA, Lim YC, Yoshida M, Ding HA, Gimbrone MA, et al. MCP-1 and IL-8 trigger firm adhesion of monocytes to vascular endothelium...arthritis: regulation of its production in synovial cells by interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor. Arthritis Rheum 1993;36:762–71. 35. Hatano Y

  9. Significance of Hemispheric Security for Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-07

    La Seguridad Internacional, la Nueva Geopolitica Continental y Mexico ,” Seminario Internacional sobre Misiones de Paz, Seguridad y Defensa, Rio de...USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT SIGNIFICANCE OF HEMISPHERIC SECURITY FOR MEXICO by LTC Enrique Garcia Jaramillo Cavalry, Mexican Army COL Joseph R...xx-xx-2002 to xx-xx-2003 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Significance of Hemispheric Security for Mexico Unclassified 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c

  10. Efectos de la entrevista motivacional en el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 /

    OpenAIRE

    García Flores, Raquel

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Psicología, presenta Raquel Garcia Flores ; asesor Juan José Sánchez Sosa, Samuel Jurado Cárdenas, Ana Luisa González Celis Rangel, Gilda Gómez Pérez Mitré, Javier Nieto Gutiérrez235 páginas : ilustracionesDoctorado en Psicología UNAM, Facultad de Psicología, 2012

  11. Mexico’s National Command and Control Center Challenges and Successes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    law enforcement agencies. The NAS funding has enabled major Mexican Law Enforcement agency such as Secretaria Seguridad de Publica (SSP) to adopt...Secretaria Seguridad de Publica (SSP) orSecretary of Public Security – Lead Agency, responsable forlawenforcment and druingmajordisasters and...Perales Pimentel Ing. Francisco Niembro Maribel Cervates Guerrero Genaro Garcia Luna Secretaría de Seguridad Pública Mexico, D.F. Point of

  12. A Question of Heroines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Oscar M. Salazar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ang Kababaihan ng Malolos (2014. 85 minutes. Color. Directed by Sari Dalena and Kiri Dalena. Written and produced by Nicanor Tiongson. Cinematography by Kiri Dalena. Starring Hazel Faith dela Cruz as Basilia Villariño Tantoco, Karl Medina as Jose Rizal, Bong Enriquez as Governor-General Valeriano Weyler, and Carlos Celdran as Fray Felipe Garcia. Edited by Keith Sicat and Joris Fernandez. Philippines: Ambassador Bienvenido R. Tantoco Sr.

  13. Intoxication as Feminist Pleasure: Drinking, Dancing, and Un-Dressing with/for Jenni Rivera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yessica Garcia Hernandez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In "Intoxication as Feminist Pleasure: Drinking, Dancing, and Un-Dressing with/for Jenni Rivera," Yessica Garcia Hernandez presents a subculture of unabashed, unambivalent, and unapologetic “wet” feminism. During the concerts of the Chicana singer, Jenni Rivera, intoxication is divorced from the pressures of respectability by both Rivera and her fans, who continue to celebrate the singer and her name brand tequila even after her death.

  14. Scattering of atoms by a stationary sinusoidal hard wall: Rigorous treatment in (n+1) dimensions and comparison with the Rayleigh method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goodman, F.O.

    1977-01-01

    A rigorous treatment of the scattering of atoms by a stationary sinusoidal hard wall in (n+1) dimensions is presented, a previous treatment by Masel, Merrill, and Miller for n=1 being contained as a special case. Numerical comparisons are made with the GR method of Garcia, which incorporates the Rayleigh hypothesis. Advantages and disadvantages of both methods are discussed, and it is concluded that the Rayleigh GR method, if handled properly, will probably work satisfactorily in physically realistic cases

  15. Mosquitoes of Middle America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-09-30

    data on bionomics and disease relations. 0. P. Forattini’s treatment of the Culicidae in “ Entomologia Medica” (Sao Paulo , Faculdade de Higiene e Saude...Canal Zone and U.S.A. Casal. Osvaldo H., Depart amento de Entomologia Sanitaria , Instituto de Microbio logi a, Buenos Aires, Argen tina.— Mosquitoes...976 17 Garcia , M iguel, Departamento de Entomologia Sanitaria , Instituto de Microbiologia , Buenos Aires, Argentina . — Mosquitoes from Argentina

  16. DDT Contamination of Migrating Birds Using White-faced Ibis as an Indicator Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-02-01

    en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. (Dr. Jaqueline Garcia) and the Universidad de Guadalajara (Dr. Eduardo Santana and Rodrigo Esparza). Mary Gustafson...Argos were processed by Earthspan and files created (.xls, .dbf, and shapefiles) for use in ArcGIS (ESRI GIS and Mapping Software ). Locations were...the latter. The critical task of collecting invertebrates and detailing avian associates in Mexico was ably performed by the Centro de Investigación

  17. Biosourced polymetallic catalysts: an efficient means to synthesize underexploited platform molecules from carbohydrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escande, Vincent; Olszewski, Tomasz K; Petit, Eddy; Grison, Claude

    2014-07-01

    Polymetallic hyperaccumulating plants growing on wastes from former mining activity were used as the starting material in the preparation of novel plant-based Lewis acid catalysts. The preparation of biosourced Lewis acid catalysts is a new way to make use of mining wastes. These catalysts were characterized by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and direct infusion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. These analyses revealed a complex composition of metal species, present mainly as polymetallic chlorides. The catalysts proved to be efficient and recyclable in a solid-state version of the Garcia Gonzalez reaction, which has been underexploited until now in efforts to use carbohydrates from biomass. This methodology was extended to various carbohydrates to obtain the corresponding polyhydroxyalkyl furans in 38-98% yield. These plant-based catalysts may be a better alternative to classical Lewis acid catalysts that were previously used for the Garcia Gonzalez reaction, such as ZnCl2 , FeCl3 , and CeCl3 , which are often unrecyclable, require aqueous treatments, or rely on metals, the current known reserves of which will be consumed in the coming decades. Moreover, the plant-based catalysts allowed novel control of the Garcia Gonzalez reaction, as two different products were obtained depending on the reaction conditions. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  18. Early modern Goa: Indian trade, transcultural medicine, and the Inquisition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bindu Malieckal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Portugal’s introduction of the Inquisition to India in 1560 placed the lives of Jews, New Christians, and selected others labelled ‘heretics’, in peril. Two such victims were Garcia da Orta, a Portuguese New Christian with a thriving medical practice in Goa, and Gabriel Dellon, a French merchant and physician. In scholarship, Garcia da Orta and Gabriel Dellon’s texts are often examined separately within the contexts of Portuguese and French literature respectively and in terms of medicine and religion in the early modern period. Despite the similarities of their training and experiences, da Orta and Dellon have not previously been studied jointly, as is attempted in this article, which expands upon da Orta and Dellon’s roles in Portuguese India’s international commerce, especially the trade in spices, and the collaborations between Indian and European physicians. Thus, the connection between religion and food is not limited to food’s religious and religio-cultural roles. Food in terms of spices has been at the foundations of power for ethno-religious groups in India, and when agents became detached from the spice trade, their downfalls were imminent, as seen in the histories of Garcia da Orta and Gabriel Dellon.

  19. Hyperiid amphipods around the seamounts and islands off northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Sampaio de Souza

    Full Text Available Abstract Data collected on large-scale surveys around the seamounts and islands off northeastern Brazil provide information on the hyperiid amphipod populations. Thirty-six species were identified. Most of the species belong to the Infraorder Physocephalata, representing 21 genera and 13 families. Thirteen species (Vibilia australis, L. latissimus, L. macrophthalmus, L. schizogeneios, Phronima atlantica, Phrosina semilunata, Primno brevidens, Eupronoe minuta, Oxycephalus clause, Rhabdosoma whitei, Amphithyrus bispinosus, Leptocotis tenuirostris and Tetrathyrus forcipatus have not previously been recorded in this region. The spatial distribution of the hyperiid amphipods was very patchy. Each area of these amounts and islands off northeastern Brazil has different oceanographic features and can be characterised by a clearly defined group of most abundant species.

  20. Environmental management of works in pipelines at natural protected areas; Gestao ambiental em obras de faixas de dutos nas areas naturais protegidas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raul, Vanderlei Lourenco; Alves, Anibal Jose Constantino; Martini, Andrea Dietrich; Lima, Silvia Ferreira de; Campos, Cleber Lucio dos Santos; Ozorio, Tarcisio Faria; Melo Neto, Joao Evangelista de [PETROBRAS Transporte S. A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The TRANSPETRO pipeway in the State of Sao Paulo crosses different scenarios, including Permanent Preservation Areas and Conservation Units, as the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar - PESM, which contains the most extensive Mata Atlantica fragment, with more than 315,000 hectares. The rigor of environmental organisms imposes a number of extra conditions to critical points to be considered in activities with interference in the conservation unit. It was studied the case of thirty two kilometer pipeline substitution of OSBAT pipeway, in the Sao Sebastiao city, in the area covered by the PESM, to know the effective of environmental controls adopted. It was able to analyze the results about the application of management instruments at different levels, including independent external audit, audit of the Company that realized the work activities and audit of the own specialized people of TRANSPETRO and PETROBRAS. (author)

  1. Efecto del arreglo espacial de plantas sobre el rendimiento del maiz en la región Huetar atlántica de Costa Rica (ING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayra Munguía Ulloa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A trial was carried out in the Huetar Atlantica region with different spatial arrays of plants and the same plant density (6 plants m-2, in order to determine the existence of an effect of the sowing structure in the final yield of corn. The results show a negative effect as the space asymmetry increased as a consecuence of the increment of the space between plants and the number of seeds per hole. This produces an interplant competition for solar radiation and nutrients. Taking into account the results, it is convenient to use a spatial arrangement that allows a more regular plant distribution. When sowing is made manually, it would be recommendable to use 2 or 3 seeds  per hole to improve the yield of the region producers.

  2. Crystal structure of 1-isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-3-nitronaphthalene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Benharref

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C15H17NO2, was synthesized from a mixture of α-himachalene (2-methylene-6,6,9-trimethylbicyclo[5.4.01,7]undec-8-ene and β-himachalene (2,6,6,9-tetramethylbicyclo[5.4.01,7]undeca-1,8-diene, which were isolated from an oil of the Atlas cedar (Cedrus Atlantica. The naphthalene ring system makes dihedral angles of 68.6 (2 and 44.3 (2°, respectively, with its attached isopropyl C/C/C plane and the nitro group. In the crystal, molecules held together by a C—H...O interaction, forming a chain along [-101].

  3. Taxonomy, biogeography and DNA barcodes of Geodia species (Porifera, Demospongiae, Tetractinellida) in the Atlantic boreo-arctic region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cárdenas, Paco; Rapp, Hans Tore; Klitgaard, Anne Birgitte

    2013-01-01

    Atlantic, namely G.nodastrella and G.cydonium (and its synonyms Cydonium muelleri and Geodia gigas). In this paper, we revise the boreo-arctic Geodia species using morphological, molecular, and biogeographical data. We notably compare northwest and northeast Atlantic specimens. Biological data.......atlantica, G.barretti, G.phlegraei, G.macandrewii). No morphological differences were found between specimens from the northeast and northwest Atlantic, except for G.parva. The Folmer cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) fragment is unique for every species and invariable over their whole distribution range......, except for G.barretti which had two haplotypes. 18S is unique for four species but cannot discriminate G.phlegraei and G.parva. Two keys to the boreo-arctic Geodia are included, one based on external morphology, the other based on spicule morphology.(c) 2013 The Linnean Society of London...

  4. Antimicrobial activity of some Iranian medicinal plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasemi Pirbalouti Abdollah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The major aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity of the extracts of eight plant species which are endemic in Iran. The antimicrobial activities of the extracts of eight Iranian traditional plants, including Hypericum scabrum, Myrtus communis, Pistachia atlantica, Arnebia euchroma, Salvia hydrangea, Satureja bachtiarica, Thymus daenensis and Kelussia odoratissima, were investigated against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Candida albicans by agar disc diffusion and serial dilution assays. Most of the extracts showed a relatively high antimicrobial activity against all the tested bacteria and fungi. Of the plants studied, the most active extracts were those obtained from the essential oils of M. communis and T. daenensis. The MIC values for active extract and essential oil ranged between 0.039 and 10 mg/ml. It can be said that the extract and essential oil of some medicinal plants could be used as natural antimicrobial agents in food preservation. .

  5. [Anti-Candida albicans activity of essential oils including Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) oil and its component, citral].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Shigeru; Sato, Yuichi; Inoue, Shigeharu; Ishibashi, Hiroko; Maruyama, Naho; Takizawa, Toshio; Oshima, Haruyuki; Yamaguchi, Hideyo

    2003-01-01

    The effects of 12 essential oils, popularly used as antifungal treatments in aromatherapy, on growth of Candida albicans were investigated. Mycelial growth of C. albicans, which is known to give the fungus the capacity to invade mucosal tissues, was inhibited in the medium containing 100 micro g/ml of the oils: lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) and cedarwood (Cedrus atlantica). Not only lemongrass oil but also citral, a major component of lemongrass oil (80%), in the range of 25 and 200 micro g/ml inhibited the mycelial growth but allowed yeast-form growth. More than 200 micro g/ml of citral clearly inhibited both mycelial and yeast-form growth of C. albicans. These results provide experimental evidence suggesting the potential value of lemongrass oil for the treatment of oral or vaginal candidiasis.

  6. 6-Bromo-2-(1,4-dibromo-4-methylcyclohexyl-6-methylheptan-4-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Benharref

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C15H25Br3O, was synthesized in one step from a mixture of α-atlantone [2-methyl-6-(4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-ylhepta-2,5-dien-4-one] and γ-atlantone [2-methyl-6-(4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-ylidenehept-2-en-4-one], which were isolated from an essential oil of the Atlas cedar (Cedrus Atlantica. The molecule is built up from the bromo ethyl cyclohexane ring, which has a substituent bromomethylhexanone group. The cyclohexane ring adopts a chair conformation. In the crystal, molecules are linked by C—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming zigzag chains parallel to [100].

  7. The process of implantation of the 'Programa Luz para Todos' in Ubatuba, Sao Paulo; O processo de implantacao do Programa Luz para Todos em Ubatuba, Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Fernando Selles; Yoshino, Shinji [Furnas Centrais Eletricas, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], Emails: fselles@uol.com.br, shinji.yoshino@uol.com.br; Ribeiro, Tina Bimestre Selles [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE-USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia], E-mail: tina@iee.usp.br

    2009-07-01

    The municipality of Ubatuba is covered by a rain forest Mata Atlantica preserved in most of the territory. There are many communities that demand electricity in this area, including traditional communities like culture named 'caicara' and the remnants of slaves from Brazil colony named 'quilombos'. They are all very poor and are involved by the interest of environmental agencies. The process of rural electrification in Ubatuba, through the 'Programa Luz para Todos' found difficult to overcome issues of regularization of habitations particularly environmental issues. This work shows that solutions were found through negotiation between the parts, intermediated by an officer known as 'Agente Luz para Todos'. It shows also that without the participation of this agent would have been very difficult exceed some of the barriers. (author)

  8. [Diagnostic workup of fragrance allergy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geier, J; Uter, W

    2015-09-01

    The diagnostic workup of contact allergy to fragrances must not be limited to patch testing with the two well-established fragrance mixes. False-positive reactions to these mixes occur in up to 50 % of the patch tested patients. For the diagnostic work-up of positive reactions, and in cases of suspected fragrance allergy, patch testing with the single mix components and additional fragrances is mandatory. Frequently sensitizing fragrance materials are the 14 components of the two fragrance mixes and tree moss (Evernia furfuracea), ylang ylang oil (I + II; Cananga odorata), lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon schoenanthus), sandalwood oil (Santalum album), jasmine absolute (Jasminum spp.), and, less frequently, clove oil (Eugenia caryophyllus), cedarwood oil (Cedrus atlantica/deodara, Juniperus virginiana), Neroli oil (Citrus aurantium amara flower oil), salicylaldehyde, narcissus absolute (Narcissus spp.), and patchouli oil (Pogostemon cablin).

  9. The process of implantation of the 'Programa Luz para Todos' in Ubatuba, Sao Paulo; O processo de implantacao do Programa Luz para Todos em Ubatuba, Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Fernando Selles; Yoshino, Shinji [Furnas Centrais Eletricas, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], Emails: fselles@uol.com.br, shinji.yoshino@uol.com.br; Ribeiro, Tina Bimestre Selles [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE-USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia], E-mail: tina@iee.usp.br

    2009-07-01

    The municipality of Ubatuba is covered by a rain forest Mata Atlantica preserved in most of the territory. There are many communities that demand electricity in this area, including traditional communities like culture named 'caicara' and the remnants of slaves from Brazil colony named 'quilombos'. They are all very poor and are involved by the interest of environmental agencies. The process of rural electrification in Ubatuba, through the 'Programa Luz para Todos' found difficult to overcome issues of regularization of habitations particularly environmental issues. This work shows that solutions were found through negotiation between the parts, intermediated by an officer known as 'Agente Luz para Todos'. It shows also that without the participation of this agent would have been very difficult exceed some of the barriers. (author)

  10. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11124-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available P000388_1017( CP000388 |pid:none) Pseudoalteromonas atlantica T6c... 112 4e-23 FM992689_561( FM992689 |pid:none) Candida dubliniensi...8e-46 AY310275_1( AY310275 |pid:none) Uroblaniulus canadensis voucher Pa... 187 8e-46 AY310266_1( AY310266 |pid:none) Lamyctes..... 157 1e-36 AY310255_1( AY310255 |pid:none) Docodesmus trinidadensis voucher D... 156 2e-36 AY305524_1( AY3................done Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value N ( BJ427602 ) Dictyostelium disc...AF248644_1( AF248644 |pid:none) Filobasidiella neoformans var. neo... 191 7e-47 BC059523_1( BC059523 |pid:none) Danio rerio si

  11. Evaluation of Freezing Damage in some Pistachio Seedling Rootstocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Afrousheh

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available A greenhouse experiment was conducted to evaluate the freezing damage in some pistachio rootstocks by ion leakage and pH changes of leaked solution. A factorial experiment was carried out in randomized block designs (RBD with three factors: Temperature (A including 4 ̊C, 0 ̊C, -2 ̊C, -4 ̊C, -6 ̊C, Time (B including 3, 12, 24h , and Rootstock (C including P. vera cv 'Badami Zarand' (V13 and 'Sarakhs' (S5, P. mutica (M1and P. atlantica (A7. For this, one-year-old seedlings were kept at these five temperatures in incubator for 2 hours. Then in the first 24 hours in three hour intervals and during four days, EC and pH in leaked solution were measured daily. After four days the seedling samples were autoclaved at temperatures 105°C for 4 minutes to destroy all cell membrane. EC and pH of remaining solution were measured again and the percentage of ionic leakage was calculated. The results showed that the best time to evaluate the pH and ionic leakage was 24 hours after incubation of samples. Based on the results, ionic leakage dramatically increased with decreasing temperatures from 0°C to -6°C, while pH of leaked solution had no significant difference in 0°C and 4°C temperature treatments. When temperature reduced from 0°C to -6°C, like ionic leakage, pH greatly reduced. So the pH of the leaked solution could be an appropriate tool to study the freezing damage of pistachio rootstocks. Based on the results of pH and ionic leakage, P. mutica and P. atlantica were the most frost tolerant and sensitive rootstocks of this experiment, respectively.

  12. Flora da Paraíba, Brasil: Loganiaceae Flora of Paraíba, Brazil: Loganiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiriaki Nurit

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresenta-se o tratamento taxonômico da família Loganiaceae, como parte do projeto "Flora da Paraíba", que vem sendo realizado com o objetivo de identificar e catalogar as espécies da flora local. Realizouse coletas e observações de campo para as identificações, descrições e ilustrações botânicas que foram efetuadas após estudos morfológicos, com o auxílio da bibliografia especializada, complementados pela análise de fotos de tipos, espécimes dos herbários EAN, JPB e IPA, e comparação com material identificado por especialistas. Registrou-se para a Paraíba quatro espécies: Spigelia anthelmia L., com ampla distribuição, e três espécies de Strychnos, somente coletadas em remanescentes de Mata Atlântica, S. atlantica Krukoff & Barneby, S. parvifolia A. DC. e S. trinervis (Vell. Mart.This work constitutes a taxonomic treatment of the Loganiaceae family as part of the project "Flora da Paraíba", which have been carried out with the objective to identify and catalogue the species of the local flora. The botanical identifications and illustrations were made by morphological studies supported by bibliography, analysis of the types, specimens from herbaria EAN, JPB and IPA, and comparison with samples previously identified by specialists, complemented by field observations. Four species of Loganiaceae belonging two genera were found in State of Paraíba: Spigelia anthelmia L. that has wide distribution and three species of Strychnos, found on remains of Atlantic forest, which are S. atlantica Krukoff & Barneby, S. parvifolia A. DC. and S. trinervis (Vell. Mart.

  13. Parâmetros morfométricos e biológicos de populações monoclonais e multiclonais do pulgão-gigante-do-pinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susete do Rocio Chiarello Penteado

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available O pulgão-gigante-do-pinus, Cinara atlantica, originário da América do Norte, foi introduzido no Brasil na década de 1990 e encontra-se amplamente distribuído nos plantios comerciais de pínus. Este estudo teve como objetivo correlacionar os parâmetros morfométricos de insetos oriundos de colônias mono e multiclonais de C. atlantica com seu desempenho reprodutivo em mudas de viveiros comerciais e em progênies de Pinus taeda. Foi registrado o número de ninfas produzidas fêmea dia-1. Após a morte destas fêmeas, foram realizadas medições dos caracteres morfológicos, utilizando o programa, Axion Vision 4,5. O comprimento da tíbia, fêmur posterior e antena foram os parâmetros morfométricos que apresentaram maior correlação com o comprimento do corpo dos insetos, representando 98% da variação total. Com os valores destas variáveis foi criada uma nova variável, denominada “tamanho do inseto”, que foi utilizada para comparação dos tratamentos. Os insetos de colônias multiclonais apresentaram os maiores valores para a maioria dos parâmetros morfométricos e maior produção de descendentes. Insetos maiores e maior produção de ninfas foram observados em mudas originárias dos viveiros comerciais, sugerindo que as progênies estudadas podem apresentar algum fator de resistência que as torna candidatas para uso em programas de manejo integrado desta praga.

  14. Benthos microalgae of the Lebyazhy'i Ostrova Reserve in the Black Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darya S. Balycheva

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents for the first time a list of the benthic microalgae of the Lebyazhy'i Ostrova Reserve, including the Karkinitsky Gulf and Sary-Bulatsky liman. During 2015 and 2016, 78 taxa were found: Bacillariophyta – 69, Cyanoprokaryota – 6, Haptophyta – 3. In the Karkinitsky Gulf 45 taxa were found, in the Sary-Bulatsky liman – 56 taxa. The Czekanovski-Sorensen similarity coefficient between these locality is 46%. The basis of the flora is diatoms: Cocconeis scutellum, Entomoneis alata, Halamphora coffeiformis, Nitzschia scalpelliformis, Pleurosigma angulatum, Pl. elongatum, Psammodictyon panduriforme, including Coronia daemeliana, Surirella striatula, Tryblionella circumsuta, which are rare for the microphytobenthos of the Crimean coast of the Black Sea. According to different classifications, dominant algae are benthic (86%, marine (49% and cosmopolite (30% species. Two potentially toxic species of diatoms, H. coffeiformis and Pseudo-nitzschia calliantha, were found once, 20 species of saprobionts – indicators of water quality were found. A comparison of the floras in the protected regions of the Black Sea between the Lebyazhy'i Ostrova Reserve and the Kazachya Bay Sanctuary showed 38 common species of benthic diatoms, in the Karadag Nature Reserve – 43 and in the Kazantip Nature Reserve (Azov Sea – 21. The total microalgae abundance of the epilithon of the stones of the Sary-Bulatsky liman varied from 81,000 to 331,000 cellscm-2, biomass – 0.012–0.018 mgcm-2, number of species – 11–13. A significant contribution was made by cyanobacteria, their average abundance reached 256,000 cellscm-2 and biomass – 0.007 mgcm-2. The abundance of diatoms varied from 48,000 to 75,000 cellscm-2, the biomass reached 0.011 mgcm-2 with the dominance of Seminavis ventricosa. The obtained data have shown the necessity of regular monitoring of the microphytobenthos of the Lebyazhy'i Ostrova Reserve in order to identify the qualitative

  15. Rattleback dynamics and its reversal time of rotation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Yoichiro; Nakanishi, Hiizu

    2017-06-01

    A rattleback is a rigid, semielliptic toy which exhibits unintuitive behavior; when it is spun in one direction, it soon begins pitching and stops spinning, then it starts to spin in the opposite direction, but in the other direction, it seems to spin just steadily. This puzzling behavior results from the slight misalignment between the principal axes for the inertia and those for the curvature; the misalignment couples the spinning with the pitching and the rolling oscillations. It has been shown that under the no-slip condition and without dissipation the spin can reverse in both directions, and Garcia and Hubbard obtained the formula for the time required for the spin reversal tr [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 418, 165 (1988), 10.1098/rspa.1988.0078]. In this work, we reformulate the rattleback dynamics in a physically transparent way and reduce it to a three-variable dynamics for spinning, pitching, and rolling. We obtain an expression of the Garcia-Hubbard formula for tr by a simple product of four factors: (1) the misalignment angle, (2) the difference in the inverses of inertia moment for the two oscillations, (3) that in the radii for the two principal curvatures, and (4) the squared frequency of the oscillation. We perform extensive numerical simulations to examine validity and limitation of the formula, and find that (1) the Garcia-Hubbard formula is good for both spinning directions in the small spin and small oscillation regime, but (2) in the fast spin regime especially for the steady direction, the rattleback may not reverse and shows a rich variety of dynamics including steady spinning, spin wobbling, and chaotic behavior reminiscent of chaos in a dissipative system.

  16. a Microgravity Survey to Determine the Extent of AN Andesitic Sill that Intrudes across the Rio Grande River Basin, Rio Grande Rift Valley, Sunland Park, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, L. A.; Shinagel, S.; Villalobos, J. I.; Avila, V.; Montana, C. J.; Kaip, G.

    2012-12-01

    In Sunland Park, NM, there is an andesite outcrop near the bank of the Rio Grande (called the River Andesite) which does not match the surrounding sedimentary deposition. Studies of the River Andesite by Garcia (1970) indicate the outcrop is petrologically similar to the Muleros Andesite of Mt. Cristo Rey located several km to the south. A limited GPR and magnetic survey conducted by UTEP students in 2008 suggested the River Andesite was part of a dike, although Garcia mapped smaller outcrops of andesite ~300 m west of the river that may be part of the same body. We have recently (June 2012) found large andesite boulders that may be the outcrops Garcia mapped, although it is uncertain whether these boulders are in-situ. We initially collected microgravity and magnetic data in a small region near the river outcrop in December 2011 to determine the extent of the outcrop. Our preliminary modeling of these data showed the river outcrop appeared to merge with a more extensive igneous body at depth. Ground conductivity data collected near the river outcrop in March 2012 suggested that the outcrop impacts groundwater flow and sediment deposition adjacent to the river. From May through July 2012 we have been collecting additional microgravity data on a grid with 100-200 m spacing extending ~ 500 m from both sides of the river outcrop to better determine the extent of the buried andesite body. We also plan to conduct GPR and magnetic surveys near the recently discovered andesite boulders to determine if these are truly in-situ and part of the same igneous body as the river outcrop. Our eventual goal is to determine how extensive the andesite unit is and how it may impact groundwater flow and flooding in this area of growing urbanization.

  17. Recent progress in experiment and theory of giant magnetoresistance in magnetic nanocontacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tagirov, L. R.

    2005-01-01

    Full text: The experiment and theory of magnetoresistance (MR) in nanosize point contacts made of ferromagnetic metals is reviewed. The story begins from the series of experiments on Ni-Ni and Co-Co nanocontacts [1,2] in which an extraordinary high MR, 200-300%, has been observed at room temperature (see also the review [3] and references therein). Two basic mechanisms of nanosize contact MR have been proposed: enhancement of impurity scattering in the domain wall [2] and scattering of electrons by the geometrically constrained domain wall [4]. The theories were able to explain the values of magnetoresistance observed in the experiments. Very shortly afterwards further experiments raised the size of the effect till few thousand percents [5,6]. There was a discussion in the literature and scientific meetings that the observed giant MR was an artefact caused by the magneto-mechanical effect, but not true electronic MR. Indeed, some geometries of experiments could be doubted. However, a constructive development has been proposed by theory and carefully designed experiments. The theory predicted even higher magnetoresistance in the regime of conductance quantization through the magnetic nanocontact [7-10]. It seems that MR in conduction quantization regime has been observed in an experiment [11,12]. The work was supported by the RFBR grant No 03-02-17656. [1] N. Garcia, M. Munoz, and Y.-W. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2923 (1999). [2] G. Tatara, Y.-W. Zhao, M. Munoz, and N. Garcia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2030 (1999). [3] N. Garcia, M. Munoz, V.V. Osipov, et al., Journ. Magn. Magn. Mater. 240, 92-99 (2002). [4] L.R. Tagirov, B.P. Vodopyanov, K.B. Efetov, Phys. Rev. B 63, 104428 (2001). [5] H.D. Chopra, S.Z. Hua, Phys. Rev. B 66, 020403 (2002). [6] Hai Wang, H. Cheng, N. Garcia, cond-mat/0207516 (22 Jul 2002). [7] L.R. Tagirov, B.P. Vodopyanov, K.B. Efetov, Phys. Rev. B 65, 214419 (2002). [8] M.Ye. Zhuravlev, E.Y. Tsymbal, S.S. Jaswal et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3534 (2003

  18. The Influence of William Faulkner in the Works of Gabriel García Márquez : A Rose for Emily and Cien años de soledad

    OpenAIRE

    Hanagata, Kazuyuki

    2004-01-01

    En su obra maestra Cien ethos de soledad (1967), Gabriel Garcia Marquez adapta e incorpora uno de los mejores cuentos de William Faulkner, "A Rose for Emily, transformando a su protagonista Emily en tres mujeres de la familia Buendia -- Rebeca, Amaranta y Fernanda. Rebeca es una Emily marqueciana que ya habia aparecido en sus primeras obras como La hojarasca (1955) y "Un dia despues del sabado" (1962). En estas obras aparece como una viuda anciana que vive sola en una casa vieja despues de la...

  19. Diseño de un Sistema para la Mejora de la metrología de productos industriales basada en visión artificial

    OpenAIRE

    CAZORLA GARCIA, CRISTIAN

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El objeto del presente TFG es proponer una nueva solución basada en visión artificial para abordar el problema de la medición de objetos en entornos industriales. El alumno tendrá que implementar en un simulador del entorno así como algoritmos de visión con objeto de proporcionar una solución al problema. Por último, tendrá que realizar un estudio de las mejoras que se obtienen con respecto a las utilizadas en industria en la actualidad. Cazorla Garcia, C. (2015). Diseño de un Sistema...

  20. Hacia una nueva relación entre el Perú y el Japón

    OpenAIRE

    Terada, Teresuke

    2014-01-01

    Relations between Peru and Japan are introduced by Japanese Diplomat who frames inside of two vectors what Japanese politics considers: cooperation and multilateral exchange, insisting in those human bonds of that bilateral relation and the importance of Latin America to Japan’s economic and political condition. Finally, Fujimori case is briefly seen and a new period has started in the relations between Peru and Japan since the government of Alan Garcia. Las relaciones entre Perú y Japón s...

  1. Microstructure and Thermal Expansion Properties of Ostrich Eggshell

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-01

    A.Rodriguez-Hernindez, E. Villarreal4, A. Martinez, M.V. Garcia-GardufiolŖ, V.A. Basiuk 3ř, L. Bucio and E. Orozco Instituto de Fisica UNAM, Apdo. Postal 20...Ku, Yokohama 240-8501.41nstituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, UNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. Mexico ABSTRACT Textures of calcite crystals from ostrich...364, 01000 Mexico D.F., Mexico ’Facultad de Ciencias UNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. Mexico 2 Div. de Posgr. e Invest., Facultad de Odontologia UNAM, 04510

  2. Comparison of plant diversity in protected and communal lands in the Bushbuckridge lowveld savanna, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Shackleton, CM

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Association through the Association for Water and Rural Development. References Acocks, J.P.H., 1988. Veld types of southern Africa (3rd Edition). Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 57, 1?146. Adger, N., Brown, K., Cervigni, R., Moran, D., 1994..., 485?496. Alvarez-Buylla Roces, M.A., Lazos Chavero, E., Garcia-Barrios, J.R., 1989. Homegardens of a humid tropical region in south east Mex- ico: an example of an agroforestry cropping system in a recently established community. Agroforestry Systems 8...

  3. Estrogen and the Dietary Phytoestrogen Tesveratrol as Regulators of the Rho GTPase Rac in Breast Cancer Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    3\\429::AID JCB8[3.0.CO;2 M 9. Hakimuddin F, Paliyath G, Meckling K (2004) Selective cyto toxicity of a red grape wine flavonoid fraction against MCF 7...of Her 2/neu. J Cell Biochem 105:585 595. doi:10.1002/jcb.21859 15. Yilmaz Y, Toledo RT (2004) Major flavonoids in grape seeds and skins: antioxidant...Vicente V, Yanez J, Alcaraz M, Castells MT, Can teras M, Benavente Garcia O, Castillo J (2005) The effect of the flavonoid diosmin, grape seed extract and

  4. Application of Advanced Decision-Analytic Technology to Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    CHANGE 9 DIEGO GARCIA CHANGE 5: MOMPANA/K FROM I. SO FROM 2: AIRFIELD IMIS TO 2 AIRFIELD IMPS+DRI/II TO 6: COMM/NAV AIDS bENEF IT COET BENEFIT COFF 410...meetings: (1) To organize , display, and update the working group’s judgements about the relative costs and benefits of each level of each variable in...benefit to the organization . (3) Assess costs - In the DESIGN software, there is one type of limited resource to be allocated to the variables. This

  5. Diccionario de construcción y regimen de la lengua Castellana por Rufino José Cuervo, continuado y editado por el Instituto Caro y Cuervo, Santafé de Bogotá, ICC, 1994

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina Markič

    1999-01-01

    Monumento a la palabra, máxima obra gramatical y sintáctica de la lengua castellana, una catedral, un palacio enorme, monumento lexicografico de la historia cultural de la lengua española, y, según Gabriel Garcia Márquez, una novela de la palabra, son sólo algunas palabras usadas últimamente para definir el singular Diccionario de construcción y régimen de la lengua castellana, o, más brevemente, el Diccionario Cuervo. El Diccionario de construcción y régimen de la fengua castellana ( 1500 ej...

  6. Investigation of Impedance-Based Parameters in Metal-O2 Batteries for Next Generation of Battery Management Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Andreas Elkjær; Højberg, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    -of-health of lithium-ion batteries. Applied Energy, 86(9), 1506–1511. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.11.021 [4] McCloskey, B. D., Garcia, J. M., & Luntz, A. C. (2014). Chemical and Electrochemical Differences in Nonaqueous Li–O 2and Na–O2 Batteries. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 5(7), 1230–1235. doi:10...... electrolyte. Journal of Power Sources, 272(c), 415–421. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.08.056 [Figure]...

  7. Observed intra-seasonal to interannual variability of the upper ocean thermal structure in the southeastern Arabian Sea during 2002-2008

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Durand, F.; Nisha, K.; Lengaigne, M.; Boyer, T.P; Costa, J.; Rao, R.R.; Ravichandran, M.; Amrithash, S.; John, L.; Girish, K.; Ravichandran, C.; Suneel, V.

    in the Arabian Sea. Deep Sea Res. II, 49, 12, 2231–2264. Gill, A. E., 1982. Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics, Volume 30, Academic Press, 662 pp. Graham, N. E., Barnet, T.P., 1987. Sea surface temperature, surface wind divergence and convection over tropical oceans...003631 Locarnini, R. A., Mishonov, A. V., Antonov, J. I., Boyer, T. P., Garcia, H. E., 2006. World Ocean Atlas 2005, Volume 1: Temperature, S. Levitus, Ed. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 61, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 182. Masson, S., Luo...

  8. Use of waveform similarity to define planes of mining-induced seismic events

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Spottiswoode, SM

    1998-04-15

    Full Text Available can be associated with failure of previously unfractured rock (Ortlepp, 1978), geological discon- tinuities, large and small, play an important role. The largest mining-induced seismic events are usually as- sociated with faults and dykes (Gay et al... by SIMRAC under the project GAP033. We would like to thank Blyvooruitzicht Mine and R.J. Stewart for use of the seismic data. The au- thors thank N.C. Gay for his helpful review and discussions. References Deichmann, N., Garcia-Fernandez, M., 1992. Rupture...

  9. Principios Generales de Agricultura Orgánica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar García Molano

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available GARCIA, José Francisco. (2006:Principios Generales de Agricultura Orgánica, Tunja:Ed.JDC.,ISBN:958-9340-67-9La producción agrícola ha tomadoun nuevo rumbo en el siglo XXI, hoy, se centra en el uso adecuado del suelo como recurso indispensable para la producción de alimentos, a partir de tecnologías limpias y apropiadas. Esto constituye una forma inteligente de garantizar la seguridad alimentaria y sanitaria de la población mundial, sin afectar al medio ambiente.

  10. Técnica mejorada de control reactivo aplicada a centrales undimotrices con accionamiento directo mediante generadores lineales

    OpenAIRE

    García Santana, Agustín

    2014-01-01

    Tesis descargada desde portal de la Escuela de Ingenieros http://catedras-etsi.us.es/endesared/documentos/tesis_agustin_garcia.pdf La frecuencia a la cual las olas del mar excitan a los WECs (Wave Energy Converters) puede variar enormemente, pero el ancho de captura del dispositivo es limitado. Los absorbedores puntuales tienen un ancho de captura estrecho, por lo que se debe controlar el movimiento recÍproco del WEC, al objeto de que trabaje adecuadamente en un amplio rango de frecu...

  11. La experiencia de usuario como clave del éxito den la formación online

    OpenAIRE

    GARCIA MARTINEZ, MARIA SOL

    2016-01-01

    El presente estudio realiza una comparativa de los elementos que incluyen en la experiencia de usuario en el ámbito de la formación online dependiendo del rol de usuario, alumnado o profesionales del e-learning. Para ello se realiza un análisis a través de técnicas cuantitativas que nos permitirá respaldar las opiniones y teorías realizadas por la autora del proyecto tras más de quince años de experiencia como profesional de la formación online para diferentes tipos de entidad. Garcia M...

  12. Elimination of water pathogens with solar radiation using an automated sequential batch CPC reactor

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Polo-López, MI

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ireland BT37 0QB, United Kingdom f Department of Physiology and Medical Physics, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin 2, Ireland ? Corresponding author. Tel.: +34 950 387957; fax: +34 950 365015. E-mail addresses: mpolo@psa.es (M.I. Polo...-L?pez), pilar.fernandez@psa.es (P. Fern?ndez-Ib?nez), euniceubombajaswa@yahoo.com (E. Ubomba-Jaswa), christian.navntoft@solarmate.com.ar (C.Navntoft), irene.garcia@psa.es (I. Garc?a-Fern?ndez), psm.dunlop@ulster.ac.uk (P.S.M. Dunlop), j.byrne@ulster.ac.uk (J...

  13. Slope stability in opencast lignite mining in Spain. Estabilidad de taludes en la mineria de lignito a cielo abierto en Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    The present study assesses the current state of opencast workings in their respective geological and geographical situations and attempts to establish a set of general design criteria for each site according to its location. Six zones were selected in the three principal lignite-producing areas of Spain, two in Galicia - Puentes de Garcia Rodriguez (ENDESA) and Meirama (LIMEISA); three in Teruel - Alloza (ENDESA) Sabina and Yermegada (MFUSA); one in Mallorca - Jupiter (LIGNITOS SA). Two sites not yet in operation were also studied: Barrabasa in Teruel and Lloseta in Mallorca. 60 figs., 25 tabs.

  14. Gulf War Air Power Survey. Volume 3. Logistics and Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    situations, fuel could have been air dropped to units In fifty-five gallon drums." Tactical airlift had Its most rewarding test after the air war...locations were Hickam AFB in Hawaii, Andersen AFB in Guam, and Diego Garcia. Planning had also includedSingapore, Malaysia , and Clark AB in the Philippines...Intvw, Maj Dell Rose, 1909 ARE•FW(P), I Jan 1991 (IRIS 008o9?,31), 1Ibid; Lir, Lt Col Thomas M. Beres, Commander 8 Special Operations Squadron, to

  15. Reconocimiento automa?tico a trave?s de visio?n artificial, correlacio?n estadi?stica y Matlab aplicado a las matri?culas de vehi?culos

    OpenAIRE

    Barcia, Orlando

    2014-01-01

    Existen muchas investigaciones sobre el reconocimiento de caracteres e ima?genes utilizando diferentes me?todos tales como redes neuronales, me?todos estructurales, basados en la apariencia y otros (Pajares Martinsanz & De La Cruz Garci?a, 2008a). El problema es el reconocimiento automa?tico de caracteres en las placas o matri?culas de los vehi?culos del Ecuador. El trabajo innova en la aplicacio?n de las te?cnicas de visio?n artificial, adaptando el reconocimiento de las matri?culas de los v...

  16. Digital marketing strategies in the promotion of the city brand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Albeiro Andrade Yejas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg This study aims at designing digital marketing strategies to promote the city brand including a marketing manual or guide and the elaboration of a digital system of mobile and web application. This research study was based on the theories of Garcia (2010, Capurro (2006, Montiel (2002, Porter (2012, Florez (2012, and others. Its methodology was qualitative; structured and semi- structured interviews were made, as well as direct observation of tourists. As a consequence, a digital marketing guide and digital applications were designed, representing only one click to access a non- barrier world and to improve the city competitiveness.

  17. Dissecting and Targeting Latent Metastasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    J.A., Grijota-Martinez, C., Lakoma, J., Baars, S., Garcia - Alonso , L., and Cabedo, H. (2012). L1CAM binds ErbB receptors through Ig-like domains...at converting plasminogen into plasmin (Figure S2K). Neurons are known to produce plasminogen for neurite and synapse formation (Gutierrez- Fernandez ...building a framework. Cell 127, 679-695. Gutierrez- Fernandez , A., Gingles, N.A., Bai, H., Castellino, F.J., Parmer, R.J., and Miles, L.A. (2009

  18. Blood Fluke Exploitation of Innate-Adaptive Immune Interactions to Facilitate Parasite Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    epidemiology 25:1292-1300. 7. Alonso , D., J. Munoz, J. Gascon, M. E. Valls, and M. Corachan. 2006. Failure of standard treatment with praziquantel in two...of naive and memory CD8 T cells in vivo. Nature immunology 1:426-432. 105. Pearce, E. J., A. Cheever, S. Leonard, M. Covalesky, R. Fernandez - Botran...Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 48:3–4. 149 148. Garcia , S., J. DiSanto, and B. Stockinger. 1999. Following the

  19. Prediction of Aggressive Human Prostate Cancer by Cathepsin B

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Cancer Res 2004;10(12 Pt 1):4118-4124. 28. Munoz E, Gomez F, Paz JI, Casado I, Silva JM, Corcuera MT, Alonso MJ. Ki-67 immunolabeling in pre...detected prostate cancer. J Pathol 2002;197(2):148-154. 34. Claudio PP, Zamparelli A, Garcia FU, Claudio L, Ammirati G, Farina A, Bovicelli A, Russo G...JA. Distinct roles for cysteine cathepsin genes in multistage tumorigenesis. Genes Dev 2006;20(5):543-556. 47. Fernandez PL, Farre X, Nadal A

  20. Desafios futuros: de uma análise da genética e biotecnologia na imprensa portuguesa durante o biénio 1994/5 para novas tecnologias nas sociedades actuais

    OpenAIRE

    Lima,Maria Alexandra V. Abreu

    2006-01-01

    Este estudo analisa na imprensa Portuguesa a frequência e o conteúdo de notícias sobre genoma, genética e biotecnologia sobretudo nos domínios agrícola e da medicina/saúde humana. Discutem-se os resultados com base em estudos sobre genética e biotecnologia na imprensa Internacional, Brasileira e Portuguesa (Gutteling et al., 2002; Tognolli, 2003; Garcia, 2004) e aspectos da opinião pública e amplificação social do risco (Frewer et al. 2002), tirando-se conclusões sobre desafios com interesse ...

  1. Golden Eagle Territories and Ecology at Site 300

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fratanduono, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-09-29

    Garcia and Associates (GANDA) was contracted by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to collect information on golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) use of Site 300. During 2014, we conducted surveys at Site 300 and for an area including a 10-mile radius of Site 300. Those surveys documented 42 golden eagle territories including two territories that overlapped with Site 300. These were named ‘Tesla’ and ‘Linac Road’. In 2015, we conducted surveys to refine the territory boundaries of golden eagle territories that overlapped with Site 300 and to document eagle activity at Site 300.

  2. Management of organic and inorganic soil fertility inputs in indigenous agricultural communities in the Bolivian Highlands

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilera, Javier; Miranda, R.; Motavalli, Peter P.; Tangara, E.; Herrera, E.A.

    2008-01-01

    The Bolivian highland plateau region (Altiplano) is a semi-arid region in the Andes Mountains that has a range in elevation of between 3600 and 4300 m above sea level. The region's climate is characterized by high diurnal temperature variations, frost risks, low and irregular precipitation and high risks of drought during the growing season (Garcia et al., 2007). Recent research has indicated that the Andes region will experience temperature increases of up to 6 degrees C by the end of the ce...

  3. Multiscale Materials Science: A Mathematical Approach to the Role of Defects and Uncertainty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    ADDRESS(ES) Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees 6 et 8 avenue Blaise Pascal, Cite Descartes , Champs sur Marne 77 455 Marne la Vallee Cedex 2...nationale des ponts et chaussees 6 et 8 avenue Blaise-Pascal, Cite Descartes Champs-sur-Marne F-77455 Mame-la-Vallee cedex 2 www.enpc.fr tel...CHAUSSEES 6, AVENUE BLAISE PASCAL 6 ET 8 CITE DESCARTES CHAMPS SUR MARNE, 77420 FR 13d. BUSINESS OFFICE CONTACT: CAROLINA GARCIA-OLMEDO 13e

  4. Cross sectional moments and portfolio returns: Evidence for select emerging markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Sehgal

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Research does not indicate a consensus on the relationship between idiosyncratic volatility and asset returns. Moreover, the role of cross sectional higher order moments in predicting market returns is relatively unexplored. We show that the cross sectional volatility measure suggested by Garcia et al. is highly correlated with alternative measures of idiosyncratic volatility constructed as variance of errors from the capital asset pricing model and the Fama French model. We find that cross sectional moments help in predicting aggregate market returns in some sample countries and also provide information for portfolio formation, which is more consistent for portfolios sorted on sensitivity to cross sectional skewness.

  5. Development, characterization, and skin delivery studies of related ultradeformable vesicles: transfersomes, ethosomes, and transethosomes

    OpenAIRE

    Ascenso, Andreia; Raposo, Sara; Batista, Cátia; Cardoso, Pedro; Mendes, Tiago; Praça, Fabíola Garcia; Bentley, Maria Vitória Lopes Badra; Simões, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Andreia Ascenso,1 Sara Raposo,1 Cátia Batista,2 Pedro Cardoso,2 Tiago Mendes,2 Fabíola Garcia Praça,3 Maria Vitória Lopes Badra Bentley,3 Sandra Simões1 1Instituto de Investigação do Medicamento (iMed.ULisboa), 2Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal; 3Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Monte ...

  6. Development and Validation of a Predictive Model to Assess the Impact of Coastal Operations On Urban Scale Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-29

    originating in Los Angeles. The long ridge of ozone in the north east part of Figure 14a is due to polluted air from San Diego area that has undergone...Further north of this small ridge (2 ppbv), we find a decrease in O3 of up to 6ppb (i.e., without DoD emissions, O3 is reduced by 6ppb). This period is...ships on urban air quality. 35 6.0 References Alexis, A., P. Gaffney , C. Garcia, M. Nystrom, and R. Rood (2000), The 1999 California Almanac of

  7. Proposta de um modelo computacional para representação de sinais em uma arquitetura de serviços HCI-SL para línguas de sinais

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, Diego Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Orientador : Dr. André Luiz Pires Guedes Co-orientadora : Drª. Laura Sánchez Garcia Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Exatas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Informática. Defesa: Curitiba, 23/09/2015 Inclui referências : f. 196-206 Resumo: A falta de acesso à informação e ao conhecimento científico tem sido um grande obstáculo enfrentado por algumas comunidades minoritárias. Este é o caso das comunidades de Surdos que, historicamente, têm sofrido is...

  8. New numerical method for iterative or perturbative solution of quantum field theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hahn, S.C.; Guralnik, G.S.

    1999-01-01

    A new computational idea for continuum quantum Field theories is outlined. This approach is based on the lattice source Galerkin methods developed by Garcia, Guralnik and Lawson. The method has many promising features including treating fermions on a relatively symmetric footing with bosons. As a spin-off of the technology developed for 'exact' solutions, the numerical methods used have a special case application to perturbation theory. We are in the process of developing an entirely numerical approach to evaluating graphs to high perturbative order. (authors)

  9. Cell volume and geometric parameters determination in living cells using confocal microscopy and 3D reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: David Hevia, Aida Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta Alonso-Gervós, Isabel Quirós-González, Henar M Cimadevilla, Carmen Gómez-Cordovés, Rosa M Sainz & Juan C Mayo ### Abstract The protocol reported here describes a simple, easy, fast and reproducible method aimed to know the geometric parameters of living cells based on confocal laser scanning microscopy combined with 3D reconstruction software. Briefly, the method is based on intrinsic fluorescence properties of acridine orange (AO), a...

  10. Evaluating the Efficacy of ERG Targeted Therapy in vivo for Prostate Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Arvin M. Gouw, Meital Gabay, Stacey J. Adam, David I. Bellovin, Phuoc T. Tran, William M. Philbricke, Adolfo Garcia-Ocanaf, Stephanie C. Casey, Yulin Li ...2016). In press. PMID: 27080744. 4. Abstracts (Year 5 only from a total of 47 since the beginning of the DoD PRTA): 1. Omar Y. Mian , Scott Robertson...Meeting. 2. Omar Y. Mian , Scott Robertson, Amol Narang, Sameer Agarwal, Hee Joon Bae, Todd McNutt, Phuoc Tran, Theodore L. DeWeese, Danny Y. Song

  11. Heats of Vaporization of Room Temperature Ionic Liquids by Tunable Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-07

    18) Emel’yanenko, V. N.; Verevkin, S. P.; Heintz, A.; Corfield, J.-A.; deyko, A.; Lovelock , K. R. J.; Licence, P.; Jones, R. G. J. Phys. Chem. B 2008...112, 11734. (19) Armstrong, J. P.; Hurst, C.; Jones, R. G.; Licence, P.; Lovelock , K. R. J.; Satterly, C. J.; Villar-Garcia, I. J. Phys. Chem. Chem...Phys. 2007, 9, 982. (20) Lovelock , K. R. J.; Deyko, A.; Corfield, J.-A.; Gooden, P. N.; Licence, P.; Jones, R. G. ChemPhysChem 2009, 10, 337. (21

  12. Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of General Physiologists (38th) Held at Woods Hole, Massachusetts on 6-9 September 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-09

    71. Na*-K Cotransport in Human Red Cells: Reversible Inactivation by Metabolic Depletion N. C. ADRAGNA , C. M. PERKINS,* and P. K. LAUF, Department...Rb*) influx. In 1971, Beauge and Adragna (/. Gem. PhruiL, 57:577) showed that the latter was inhibited by iodoecet- amide and hence inferred its...A., 75 Foskett, K., 44 Adragna , N. C., 71 Freedman, J. C., 41 Alderton, J., 32 Gainer, H., 7, 46 Allen, R. D., I Garcia-Diaz, J. F., 61,66 Alles, W

  13. Volatilizable Biogenic Organic Compounds (VBOCs with two dimensional Gas Chromatography-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS: sampling methods, VBOC complexity, and chromatographic retention data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Chen

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC with detection by time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS was applied in the rapid analysis of air samples containing highly complex mixtures of volatilizable biogenic organic compounds (VBOCs. VBOC analytical methodologies are briefly reviewed, and optimal conditions are discussed for sampling with both adsorption/thermal desorption (ATD cartridges and solid-phase microextraction (SPME fibers. Air samples containing VBOC emissions from leaves of two tree species (Cedrus atlantica and Calycolpus moritzianus were obtained by both ATD and SPME. The optimized gas chromatographic conditions utilized a 45 m, 0.25 mm I.D. low-polarity primary column (DB-VRX, 1.4 μm film and a 1.5 m, 0.25 mm I.D. polar secondary column (StabilwaxTM, 0.25 μm film. Excellent separation was achieved in a 36 min temperature programmed GC × GC chromatogram. Thousands of VBOC peaks were present in the sample chromatograms; hundreds of tentative identifications by NIST mass spectral matching are provided. Very few of the tentatively identified compounds are currently available as authentic standards. Minimum detection limit values for a 5 l ATD sample were 3.5 pptv (10 ng m−3 for isoprene, methyl vinyl ketone, and methacrolein, and ~1.5 pptv (~10 ng m−3 for monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Kovats-type chromatographic retention index values on the primary column and relative retention time values on the secondary column are provided for 21 standard compounds and for 417 tentatively identified VBOCs. 19 of the 21 authentic standard compounds were found in one of the Cedrus atlantica SPME samples. In addition, easily quantifiable levels of at least 13 sesquiterpenes were found in an ATD sample obtained from a branch enclosure of Calycolpus moritzianus. Overall, the results obtained via GC × GC-TOFMS highlight an extreme, and largely uncharacterized diversity of VBOCs, consistent with the hypothesis that sesquiterpenes and

  14. Volatilizable Biogenic Organic Compounds (VBOCs) with two dimensional Gas Chromatography-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS): sampling methods, VBOC complexity, and chromatographic retention data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankow, J. F.; Luo, W.; Melnychenko, A. N.; Barsanti, K. C.; Isabelle, L. M.; Chen, C.; Guenther, A. B.; Rosenstiel, T. N.

    2012-02-01

    Two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) with detection by time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) was applied in the rapid analysis of air samples containing highly complex mixtures of volatilizable biogenic organic compounds (VBOCs). VBOC analytical methodologies are briefly reviewed, and optimal conditions are discussed for sampling with both adsorption/thermal desorption (ATD) cartridges and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fibers. Air samples containing VBOC emissions from leaves of two tree species (Cedrus atlantica and Calycolpus moritzianus) were obtained by both ATD and SPME. The optimized gas chromatographic conditions utilized a 45 m, 0.25 mm I.D. low-polarity primary column (DB-VRX, 1.4 μm film) and a 1.5 m, 0.25 mm I.D. polar secondary column (StabilwaxTM, 0.25 μm film). Excellent separation was achieved in a 36 min temperature programmed GC × GC chromatogram. Thousands of VBOC peaks were present in the sample chromatograms; hundreds of tentative identifications by NIST mass spectral matching are provided. Very few of the tentatively identified compounds are currently available as authentic standards. Minimum detection limit values for a 5 l ATD sample were 3.5 pptv (10 ng m-3) for isoprene, methyl vinyl ketone, and methacrolein, and ~1.5 pptv (~10 ng m-3) for monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Kovats-type chromatographic retention index values on the primary column and relative retention time values on the secondary column are provided for 21 standard compounds and for 417 tentatively identified VBOCs. 19 of the 21 authentic standard compounds were found in one of the Cedrus atlantica SPME samples. In addition, easily quantifiable levels of at least 13 sesquiterpenes were found in an ATD sample obtained from a branch enclosure of Calycolpus moritzianus. Overall, the results obtained via GC × GC-TOFMS highlight an extreme, and largely uncharacterized diversity of VBOCs, consistent with the hypothesis that sesquiterpenes and other compounds

  15. Particle Swarm Optimization algorithms for geophysical inversion, practical hints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Gonzalo, E.; Fernandez Martinez, J.; Fernandez Alvarez, J.; Kuzma, H.; Menendez Perez, C.

    2008-12-01

    PSO is a stochastic optimization technique that has been successfully used in many different engineering fields. PSO algorithm can be physically interpreted as a stochastic damped mass-spring system (Fernandez Martinez and Garcia Gonzalo 2008). Based on this analogy we present a whole family of PSO algorithms and their respective first order and second order stability regions. Their performance is also checked using synthetic functions (Rosenbrock and Griewank) showing a degree of ill-posedness similar to that found in many geophysical inverse problems. Finally, we present the application of these algorithms to the analysis of a Vertical Electrical Sounding inverse problem associated to a seawater intrusion in a coastal aquifer in South Spain. We analyze the role of PSO parameters (inertia, local and global accelerations and discretization step), both in convergence curves and in the a posteriori sampling of the depth of an intrusion. Comparison is made with binary genetic algorithms and simulated annealing. As result of this analysis, practical hints are given to select the correct algorithm and to tune the corresponding PSO parameters. Fernandez Martinez, J.L., Garcia Gonzalo, E., 2008a. The generalized PSO: a new door to PSO evolution. Journal of Artificial Evolution and Applications. DOI:10.1155/2008/861275.

  16. On-line monitoring for the detection and prevention of faults in the power transformers; Monitoreo en linea para la deteccion y prevencion de fallas en transformadores de potencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Tagle, Alfredo; Equihua Tapia, Hugo [Comision Federal de Electricidad (Mexico); Linan Garcia, Roberto; Pascacio de los Santos, Alberth; Nunez Dominguez, Arturo [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    Power transformers are held to thermal, electrical and mechanical efforts, which degrade the isolation system oil/paper. So that to detect incipient degradations in transformers with more than 25 years of service installed in the transmission network of Commission Federal de Electricidad (CFE). The Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), developed and installed six on-line Monitoring Systems for Power Transformers (SMLTP). The systems are installed at the substations Puebla II, banks AT-1 and AT-2, Malpaso II, bank, AT-1 and phase B of bank AT-1 of the electrical substation Villa de Garcia. [Spanish] Los transformadores de potencia estan sujetos a esfuerzos termicos, electricos y mecanicos, los cuales degradan el sistema de aislamiento aceite/papel. De modo que con el proposito de detectar degradaciones incipientes en transformadores con mas de 25 anos de servicio instalado en la red de transmision de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). El Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), desarrollo e instalo seis Sistemas de Monitoreo en Linea para Transformadores de Potencia (SMLTP). Los sistemas se encuentran en las subestaciones Puebla II, bancos AT-1 y AT-2, Malpaso II, banco, AT-1 y fase B del banco AT-1 de la subestacion electrica Villa de Garcia.

  17. Dossiê do Barreado / Barreado Dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Pellerano

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A presente resenha apresenta o livro Cozinhando a tradição: Festa, cultura, história e turismo no litoral paranaense, de Maria Henriqueta Sperandio Garcia Gimenes-Minasse, publicado em 2013 pela Editora UFPR. A obra apresenta a história do Barreado, prato tradicional do litoral do Paraná, as transformações que aconteceram no preparo e no consumo e sua relação com o desenvolvimento econômico e turístico da região, que se vê representada na sua preparação culinária. Barreado Dossier - This review presents the book Cooking tradition: Party, culture, history and tourism in the coast of Paraná, of Henrietta Maria Garcia Sperandio Gimenes-Minasse, published in 2013 by UFPR Press. The book presents the history of Barreado, traditional dish of the coast of Paraná, the changes in its preparation and consumption and its relation to economic development and tourism in the region represented in its culinary preparation. 

  18. Intravitreal pegaptanib for refractory macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udaondo P

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Patricia Udaondo1,2, Salvador Garcia-Delpech1,3, David Salom1,3, Maria Garcia-Pous1,3, Manuel Diaz-Llopis1,31Nuevo Hospital Universitario y Politecnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 2University Cardenal Herrera CEU, Valencia, Spain; 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, SpainPurpose: To assess the efficacy of intravitreal Pegaptanib sodium (Macugen® injection in the management of refractory macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion.Methods: This is a prospective, nonrandomized, interventional case series. Five eyes of five patients with macular edema refractory to either bevacizumab or triamcinolone were treated with intravitreal injection of Pegaptanib sodium.Results: After three months follow-up, both visual acuity and macular edema, measured by optical coherence tomography and fluorescence angiography, dramatically improved.Conclusion: Pegaptanib sodium is a safe and efficacy treatment for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion.Keywords: Macugen®, BRVO, BCVA, pegaptanib sodium

  19. Q fever: a new ocular manifestation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udaondo P

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available P Udaondo1,3, S Garcia-Delpech1,2, D Salom1,2, M Garcia-Pous1, M Diaz-Llopis1,21Department of Ophthalmology, Nuevo Hospital Universitario y Politecnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 2Faculty of Medicine, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain; 3Universidad Cardenal Herrera CEU, Valencia, SpainAbstract: Q Fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Ocular manifestations are rare in this infection. We describe the case of a man complaining of an intense retro-orbital headache, fever, arthralgia, and bilateral loss of vision, who showed an anterior uveitis accompanied by exudative bilateral inferior retinal detachment and optic disk edema. At the beginning, a Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada (VKH syndrome was suspected, but the patient was diagnosed with Q fever and treatment with doxycycline was initiated, with complete resolution after 2 weeks. We wondered if Q fever could unleash VKH syndrome or simulate a VKH syndrome by a similar immunological process.Keywords: Q fever, Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada syndrome, panuveitis, exudative retinal detachment

  20. Correlation Between Subacute Sensorimotor Deficits and Brain Edema in Rats after Surgical Brain Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Devin W; Wang, Yuechun; Adam, Loic; Oudin, Guillaume; Louis, Jean-Sébastien; Tang, Jiping; Zhang, John H

    2016-01-01

    No matter how carefully a neurosurgical procedure is performed, it is intrinsically linked to postoperative deficits resulting in delayed healing caused by direct trauma, hemorrhage, and brain edema, termed surgical brain injury (SBI). Cerebral edema occurs several hours after SBI and is a major contributor to patient morbidity, resulting in increased postoperative care. Currently, the correlation between functional recovery and brain edema after SBI remains unknown. Here we examine the correlation between neurological function and brain water content in rats 42 h after SBI. SBI was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats via frontal lobectomy. Twenty-four hours post-ictus animals were subjected to four neurobehavior tests: composite Garcia neuroscore, beam walking test, corner turn test, and beam balance test. Animals were then sacrificed for right-frontal brain water content measurement via the wet-dry method. Right-frontal lobe brain water content was found to significantly correlate with neurobehavioral deficits in the corner turn and beam balance tests: the number of left turns (percentage of total turns) for the corner turn test and distance traveled for the beam balance test were both inversely proportional with brain water content. No correlation was observed for the composite Garcia neuroscore or the beam walking test.

  1. Bioresorbable scaffolds in the treatment of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Y

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Yaojun Zhang,1,2 Christos V Bourantas,1 Vasim Farooq,1 Takashi Muramatsu,1 Roberto Diletti,1 Yoshinobu Onuma,1 Hector M Garcia-Garcia,1 Patrick W Serruys11Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; 2Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Drug-eluting stents have reduced the risk of in-stent restenosis and have broadened the application in percutaneous coronary intervention in coronary artery disease. However, the concept of using a permanent metallic endovascular device to restore the patency of a stenotic artery has inherited pitfalls, namely the presence of a foreign body within the artery causing vascular inflammation, late complications such as restenosis and stent thrombosis, and impeding the restoration of the physiologic function of the stented segment. Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS were introduced to potentially overcome these limitations, as they provide temporary scaffolding and then disappear, liberating the treated vessel from its cage. Currently, several BRSs are available, undergoing evaluation either in clinical trials or in preclinical settings. The aim of this review is to present the new developments in BRS technology, describe the mechanisms involved in the resorption process, and discuss the potential future prospects of this innovative therapy.Keywords: bioresorbable scaffold, drug-eluting stent, biodegradable, design, mechanism, coronary artery disease

  2. Desafios futuros: de uma análise da genética e biotecnologia na imprensa portuguesa durante o biénio 1994/5 para novas tecnologias nas sociedades actuais Future challenges: from an analysis of genetics and biotechnology in Portuguese press during 1994/5 to new technologies in actual societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alexandra V. Abreu Lima

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa na imprensa Portuguesa a frequência e o conteúdo de notícias sobre genoma, genética e biotecnologia sobretudo nos domínios agrícola e da medicina/saúde humana. Discutem-se os resultados com base em estudos sobre genética e biotecnologia na imprensa Internacional, Brasileira e Portuguesa (Gutteling et al., 2002; Tognolli, 2003; Garcia, 2004 e aspectos da opinião pública e amplificação social do risco (Frewer et al. 2002, tirando-se conclusões sobre desafios com interesse para o actual evoluir na sociedade de novas tecnologias como a nanotecnologia.This study analyses the frequency and content of news about genome, genetics and biotechnology mainly on agricultural and medicine/human health domains in the Portuguese press. Results are discussed considering studies about genetics and biotechnology in International, Brazilian and Portuguese press (Gutteling et al., 2002; Tognolli, 2003; Garcia, 2004 and issues of public opinion and social amplification of risk (Frewer et al. 2002. This allows to reach conclusions about challenges with interest to the present evolution on society of new technologies such as nanotechnology.

  3. Spectral analysis of the binary nucleus of the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 – first results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finch Nicolle L.

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Identifying progenitor systems for the double-degenerate scenario is crucial to check the reliability of type Ia supernovae as cosmological standard candles. Santander-Garcia et al. (2015 claimed that Hen 2-428 has a doubledegenerate core whose combined mass significantly exceeds the Chandrasekhar limit. Together with the short orbital period (4.2 hours, the authors concluded that the system should merge within a Hubble time triggering a type Ia supernova event. Garcia-Berro et al. (2016 explored alternative scenarios to explain the observational evidence, as the high mass conclusion is highly unlikely within predictions from stellar evolution theory. They conclude that the evidence supporting the supernova progenitor status of the system is premature. Here we present the first quantitative spectral analysis of Hen 2-428which allows us to derive the effective temperatures, surface gravities and helium abundance of the two CSPNe based on state-of-the-art, non-LTE model atmospheres. These results provide constrains for further studies of this particularly interesting system.

  4. Trends in South American weapons purchases at the beginning of the new millennium Tendências para as compras de armas na América do Sul no início do novo milênio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Duarte Villa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with some frequency it is heard that Latin America, especially South America, is witnessing the rise of an arms race. Frequent reports in the press and strong statements made by politicians in the region have fueled this fear. At the same time, scholars have also reached to this conclusion, as pointed out by Malamud and Garcia: "The famous arms race in Latin America, led by Venezuela, is no longer just talk."Recentemente, com certa frequência, tem-se ouvido que a América Latina, em especial a América do Sul, tem testemunhado o surgimento de uma corrida armamentista. Relatos frequentes à imprensa e fortes declarações feitas por políticos da região têm alimentado esse receio. Ao mesmo tempo, estudiosos também têm chegado à mesma conclusão, tal como salientaram Malamud e Garcia: "A famosa corrida armamentista na América Latina, liderada pela Venezuela, já não é apenas discurso."

  5. Théâtre les 50

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre les 50

    2011-01-01

    Vendredi 4 février à 20h30 Le Groupe Théâtral Gessien présente: BALLADE ANDALOUSE Textes : Frederico Garcia Lorca Avec Roger Grosrey Accompagnement à la guitare : David Maurer et Sophie Maurer Ce spectacle est l’occasion d’entrer poétiquement dans l’année 2011 en compagnie de Federico Garcia Lorca.   Quand un homme, une fois, se donne, pleinement et en vérité, à l’appel de ce qu’il est ici et maintenant, il se livre pour toujours, et de partout on le découvre. Poète de naissance, irrémédiablement et ne se voulant pas autre chose, s’étant situé une fois pour toutes du côté de ceux qui n’ont rien et à qui on dénie jusqu’à la tranquillité du n&...

  6. The effect of breaking gravity waves on the dynamics and chemistry of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (invited review)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, R. R.

    1986-01-01

    The influence of breaking gravity waves on the dynamics and chemical composition of the 60 to 110 km region is investigated with a two dimensional model that includes a parameterization of gravity wave momentum deposition and diffusion. The dynamical model is described by Garcia and Solomon (1983) and Solomon and Garcia (1983) and includes a complete chemical scheme for the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The parameterization of Lindzen (1981) is used to calculate the momentum deposited and the turbulent diffusion produced by the gravity waves. It is found that wave momentum deposition drives a very vigorous mean meridional circulation, produces a very cold summer mesopause and reverse the zonal wind jets above about 85 km. The seasonal variation of the turbulent diffusion coefficient is consistent with the behavior of mesospheric turbulences inferred from MST radar echoes. The large degree of consistency between model results and various types of dynamical and chemical data supports very strongly the hypothesis that breaking gravity waves play a major role in determining the zonally-averaged dynamical and chemical structure of the 60 to 110 km region of the atmosphere.

  7. Numerical simulation and experimental validation of coiled adiabatic capillary tubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Valladares, O. [Centro de Investigacion en Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Apdo. Postal 34, 62580 Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    2007-04-15

    The objective of this study is to extend and validate the model developed and presented in previous works [O. Garcia-Valladares, C.D. Perez-Segarra, A. Oliva, Numerical simulation of capillary tube expansion devices behaviour with pure and mixed refrigerants considering metastable region. Part I: mathematical formulation and numerical model, Applied Thermal Engineering 22 (2) (2002) 173-182; O. Garcia-Valladares, C.D. Perez-Segarra, A. Oliva, Numerical simulation of capillary tube expansion devices behaviour with pure and mixed refrigerants considering metastable region. Part II: experimental validation and parametric studies, Applied Thermal Engineering 22 (4) (2002) 379-391] to coiled adiabatic capillary tube expansion devices working with pure and mixed refrigerants. The discretized governing equations are coupled using an implicit step by step method. A special treatment has been implemented in order to consider transitions (subcooled liquid region, metastable liquid region, metastable two-phase region and equilibrium two-phase region). All the flow variables (enthalpies, temperatures, pressures, vapor qualities, velocities, heat fluxes, etc.) together with the thermophysical properties are evaluated at each point of the grid in which the domain is discretized. The numerical model allows analysis of aspects such as geometry, type of fluid (pure substances and mixtures), critical or non-critical flow conditions, metastable regions, and transient aspects. Comparison of the numerical simulation with a wide range of experimental data presented in the technical literature will be shown in the present article in order to validate the model developed. (author)

  8. Double victory for CERN at the "Tour du canton de Genève"

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Running Club

    2016-01-01

    Once again, the CERN Running Club has caused a stir at the Tour du Canton de Genève.   The team “Entreprise femmes” with, from left to right, Lucie Baudin, Joanna Stanyard, Maïté Barroso-Lopez, Ana Garcia-Tabares and Elisa Garcia-Tabares (Claire Hauw, also member of the team, is absent from the photo). This year, the event, which is held over four stages in the Geneva area, took place on Wednesday evenings from 25 May to 15 June. CERN shone in the “Entreprise” categories, taking first place in both the female and male group rankings. There were also some excellent individual results, with particularly impressive times in the “Vétérans 2” category (Camille Ruiz Llamas and Graham Dore were placed third and sixth respectively). See the full results on the Tour website and on the CERN Running Club website.

  9. A relevant Spanish actor: the role views and singularity of Amac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia, A.

    2007-01-01

    Ana Garcia of the Autonomous University of Barcelona described the role. goals and future plans of the Association of Spanish Nuclear Municipalities (AMAC) formed by the mayors of Spanish municipalities that host, or whose boundaries lie within a distance of ten kilometres from a nuclear facility. One of its main goals has been strengthening the safety of nuclear communities and promoting emergency planning. In addition, AMAC is endeavoring to take a voice in nuclear discourse and is willing to serve as a link between relevant agents (e.g. ministries, CSN. ENRESA, industry) and local actors. Although the initial mistrust has given way to an explicit recognition of AMAC as a unified speaker for its members, AMAC still is not fully accepted as a participant in the decision-making processes. Ms. Garcia judged that this is not only a clear manifestation of the democratic deficit in Spanish society, but also indicates a far-from-ideal situation concerning transparency and participation of groups affected by nuclear facilities. (author)

  10. Notes on Mesocapromys sanfelipensis (Rodentia: Capromyidae) from Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LÓpez, Lazaro W viÑola; Garrido, Orlando H; BermÚdez, Alberto

    2018-04-16

    The San Felipe Hutia, Mesocapromys sanfelipensis, is one of the most endangered species of rodents in the world, and little is known about its ecology, evolution, and ancient distribution. At present, this hutia has been found only in its type locality, Cayo Juan Garcia, a cay in the southwest Cuban insular platform. Here we report for the first time a well preserved fossil skull referred to this species, collected in Cueva del Indio, Mayabeque province, western Cuba. This specimen shows that the modern population of M. sanfelipensis is a marginal relic of its former distribution, a consequence of climatic, eustatic, and neotectonic changes in the last 8 ka years. Also, we reevaluate the cranial characters and measurements that correspond to M. sanfelipensis and found that two of the eight specimens referred to this species and deposited at the Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica belong to Mesocapromys auritus. Finally, we include six unpublished photos of specimens of M. sanfelipensis captured in 1970 during two expeditions to Cayo Juan Garcia.

  11. A study of Gamow-Teller strength in A=37 nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aufderheide, M.B.; Bloom, S.D.; Resler, D.A.; Goodman, C.D.

    1992-01-01

    An analysis is made of the recent β+ decay measurements of Garcia et al., in order to see whether the 1981 37 Cl(p,n) 37 Ar measurements of Rapaport et al. are consistent with them. Garcia et al., were not able to determine the amount of Gamow-Teller strength in the isobaric analog state (IAS) or the Coulomb mixing of Fermi strength to a state near the IAS, and were forced to determine the amount of Gamow-Teller strength in the daughter 1371 keV state by making the branching ratios sum to unity. These uncertainties leave a range of possible values open which we investigate. We find that the experiments are consistent within part of this range. We also examine the effect of this range of allowed values on solar and supernova neutrino cross sections of 37 Cl and find weak dependence on the uncertainties described here. We discuss how this range can be narrowed so that the consistency of the two experiments can be conclusively tested

  12. High-order perturbations of a spherical collapsing star

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brizuela, David; Martin-Garcia, Jose M.; Sperhake, Ulrich; Kokkotas, Kostas D.

    2010-01-01

    A formalism to deal with high-order perturbations of a general spherical background was developed in earlier work [D. Brizuela, J. M. Martin-Garcia, and G. A. Mena Marugan, Phys. Rev. D 74, 044039 (2006); D. Brizuela, J. M. Martin-Garcia, and G. A. Mena Marugan, Phys. Rev. D 76, 024004 (2007)]. In this paper, we apply it to the particular case of a perfect fluid background. We have expressed the perturbations of the energy-momentum tensor at any order in terms of the perturbed fluid's pressure, density, and velocity. In general, these expressions are not linear and have sources depending on lower-order perturbations. For the second-order case we make the explicit decomposition of these sources in tensor spherical harmonics. Then, a general procedure is given to evolve the perturbative equations of motions of the perfect fluid for any value of the harmonic label. Finally, with the problem of a spherical collapsing star in mind, we discuss the high-order perturbative matching conditions across a timelike surface, in particular, the surface separating the perfect fluid interior from the exterior vacuum.

  13. Insertion and professional development of starting university professors: the need for spaces for pedagogical discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Maria Boessio Atrib Zanchet

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Current paper is the result of a research on twenty-eight starting university teachers in four universities in southern Brazil and seeks to understand their concern on pedagogical discussion spaces as a possible support for the development of their teaching practice. The research started from the point that starting teachers should insert themselves within higher education culture and find pedagogical support to develop their lectures. As a rule, they have recently obtained a doctoral degree, complying with the required academic title for their tenure, but with scanty or no pedagogical preparation. The subjects answered a semi-structured interview, with issues on the challenges, difficulties and possibilities of pedagogical support pointed out when they started their activities. The quantitative data form the corpus analyzed used in the analysis. The paper is based on studies by Garcia (1999, 2009b, Vaillant and Garcia (2012 and others. Results showed that pedagogical education and professional development of university professors, developed through pedagogical spaces, are essential for and welcomed by these teachers. An overall policy is required that valorizes the teaching tasks as fundamental for achieving teaching quality.

  14. BEGINNING TEACHERS IN THE LAST YEARS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL: TRAINING NEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriane Zanetti Giordan

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to present the training needs of beginning teachers in the 6th to 9th grade of elementary public schools in Joinville. The participants are beginning teachers (started to teaching between 2010 and 2013. It is a qualitative study that used semi-structured interviews as a tool for data collection. Studies from Romanowski (2007, 2012, Romanowski and Martins (2013, Marcelo Garcia (1999, 2009 and Marcelo Garcia and Vaillant (2013 contributed to support the reading and interpretation of the data. The results showed that teachers reported that continuing education should provide the exchange of ideas / experiences through dialogue with colleagues, and they requested more training promoting their professional development. Two issues due their professional needs were identified as priority to their work: orientation how to use the technology and how to deal with the inclusion of students with disabilities. Teachers reported the importance of two issues as well as teacher education failed to provide them the knowledge about that. Continuing education could be an opportunity to promote discussions related to these important issues.

  15. Spectral analysis of the binary nucleus of the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 - first results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Nicolle L.; Reindl, Nicole; Barstow, Martin A.; Casewell, Sarah L.; Geier, Stephan; Bertolami, Marcelo M. Miller; Taubenberger, Stefan

    2018-04-01

    Identifying progenitor systems for the double-degenerate scenario is crucial to check the reliability of type Ia supernovae as cosmological standard candles. Santander-Garcia et al. (2015) claimed that Hen 2-428 has a doubledegenerate core whose combined mass significantly exceeds the Chandrasekhar limit. Together with the short orbital period (4.2 hours), the authors concluded that the system should merge within a Hubble time triggering a type Ia supernova event. Garcia-Berro et al. (2016) explored alternative scenarios to explain the observational evidence, as the high mass conclusion is highly unlikely within predictions from stellar evolution theory. They conclude that the evidence supporting the supernova progenitor status of the system is premature. Here we present the first quantitative spectral analysis of Hen 2-428which allows us to derive the effective temperatures, surface gravities and helium abundance of the two CSPNe based on state-of-the-art, non-LTE model atmospheres. These results provide constrains for further studies of this particularly interesting system.

  16. Vegetation pattern formation in semiarid systems induced by long-range competition in the absence of facilitation mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Garcia, Ricardo; Calabrese, Justin M.; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; Lopez, Cristobal

    2014-05-01

    Regular patterns and spatial organization of vegetation have been observed in many arid and semiarid ecosystems worldwide, covering a diverse range of plant taxa and soil types. A key common ingredient in these systems is that plant growth is severely limited by water availability, and thus plants likely compete strongly for water. The study of such patterns is especially interesting because their features may reveal much about the underlying physical and biological processes that generated them in addition to giving information on the characteristics of the ecosystem. It is possible, for instance, to infer their resilience against anthropogenic disturbances or climatic changes that could cause abrupt shifts in the system and lead it to a desert state. Therefore much research has focused on identifying the underlying mechanisms that can produce spatial patterning in water-limited systems (Klausmeier, 1999). They are believed to arise from the interplay between long-range competition and facilitation processes acting at smaller distances (Borgogno et al., 2009). This combination of mechanisms is justified by arguing that water percolates more readily through the soil in vegetated areas (short range), and that plants compete for water resources over greater distances via long lateral roots (long range). However, recent studies have shown that even in the limit of local facilitation patterns may still appear (Martinez-Garcia et al., 2013). In this work (Martinez-Garcia et al., 2013b), we show that, under rather general conditions, long-range competition alone is the minimal ingredient to shape gapped and stripped vegetation patterns typical of models that also account for facilitation in addition to competition. To this end we propose a simple, general model for the dynamics of vegetation, which includes only long-range competition between plants. Competition is introduced through a nonlocal term, where the kernel function quantifies the intensity of the interaction

  17. Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Bacteria with Plant Growth Promoting Activity and Biocontrol Potential from Wild Pistachio Trees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etminani, Faegheh; Harighi, Behrouz

    2018-06-01

    In this study, samples were collected from the leaves and stems of healthy wild Pistachio trees ( Pistacia atlantica L.) from various locations of Baneh and Marivan regions, Iran. In total, 61 endophytic bacteria were isolated and grouped according to phenotypic properties. Ten selected isolates from each group were further identified by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Based on the results, isolates were identified as bacteria belonging to Pseudomonas , Stenotrophomonas , Bacillus , Pantoea and Serratia genus. The ability of these isolates was evaluated to phytohormone production such as auxin and gibberellin, siderophore production, phosphate solubilization, atmospheric nitrogen fixation, protease and hydrogen cyanide production. All strains were able to produce the plant growth hormone auxin and gibberellin in different amounts. The majority of strains were able to solubilize phosphate. The results of atmospheric nitrogen fixation ability, protease and siderophore production were varied among strains. Only Ba66 could produce a low amount of hydrogen cyanide. The results of biocontrol assay showed that Pb78 and Sp15 strains had the highest and lowest inhibition effects on bacterial plant pathogens, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Pss20 and Pseudomonas tolaasii Pt18 under in vitro condition. Pb3, Pb24 and Pb71 strains significantly promote root formation on carrot slices. To our knowledge this is the first report of the isolation of endophytic bacterial strains belonging to Pantoea , Bacillus , Pseudomonas , Serratia and Stenotrophomonas genus from wild pistachio trees with plant growth promoting potential and biocontrol activity.

  18. Fungal trunk pathogens associated with wood decay of pistachio trees in Iran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohammadi, H.; Sarcheshmehpour, M.; Mafi, E.

    2015-07-01

    Over the growing seasons of 2011–2013, various pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cv. Fandoghi, and wild pistachio (P. atlantica Desf. subsp. mutica) trees were inspected in Iran to determine the aetiology of trunk diseases with specific reference to species of Phaeoacremonium and Botryosphaeriaceae spp. Samples were collected from branches of trees exhibiting yellowing, defoliation, canker and dieback, as well as wood discoloration in cross sections. Fungal trunk pathogens were identified using morphological and cultural characteristics as well as comparisons of DNA sequence data of the ITS and TEF-1α (for Botryosphaeriaceae species) and β-tubulin gene (for Phaeoacremonium species) regions. Phaeoacremonium parasiticum was the dominant species followed by Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Neofusicoccum parvum, Phaeoacremonium cinereum, Phaeoacremonium viticola and Dothiorella viticola. Pathogenicity tests were undertaken to determine the role of these species on pistachio under field conditions. Neofusicoccum parvum and Pm. aleophilum caused the longest and smallest lesions respectively. This study represents the first report on the occurrence and pathogenicity of Phaeoacremonium species on P. vera cv. Fandoghi. This also represents the first report of Pleurostomophora sp. on pistachio and Pm. parasiticum and D. viticola on wild pistachio. (Author)

  19. Design, Construction and Evaluation of Wild Pistachio Sheller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Karimi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The wild pistachio (Pistacia Atlantica Mutika exists in 2.4 million hectares of Iranian forest. In spite of high nutritional and medical value of this fruit, its use and processing are still performed manually. The objectives of this research are to design, to construct and to evaluate the performance of a pistachio hulling machine. The pistachio of Kerman province was chosen as the case of study. The mechanism of shelling was chosen based on the applied pressure force of two cylinders, driving and driven. The effects of input variables including revolution of driving cylinder (three levels, the gap between two cylinders (four levels and moisture content (four levels on the performance of machine (shelling efficiency, percentage of intact kernel, percentage of imperfective broken nut, percentage of dust, and percentage of unshelled nut were analyzed. The results showed that the shelling efficiency decreases with increasing the gap of two cylinders and moisture content of wild pistachio. The maximum intact kernel was obtained at moisture content of 6.61 wb %. The best performance was observed with the following conditions: the cylinders’ gap of 0.48 mm, rotational speed of the driving cylinder of 25.84 rpm and moisture content of 4.31% w.b.

  20. A tribo Hippomaneae A. Juss. ex Spach. (Euphorbiaceae Juss. no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil The tribe Hippomaneae A. Juss. ex Spach. (Euphorbiaceae Juss. in Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdira de Jesus Santos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo foi baseado na análise morfológica de espécimes de herbários nacionais e provenientes de coletas. A tribo está representada no Estado por oito gêneros: Actinostemon Sw. (3 spp., Mabea Aubl. (1sp., Maprounea Aubl. (1sp., Microstachys A. Juss.(2 spp., Sapium P.Browne (2 spp., Sebastiania Spreng. (1sp., Senefeldera Mart. (1sp. e Stillingia Garden ex L. (1sp.. Os gêneros com maior distribuição no Estado são Maprounea, Sapium e Sebastiania, ocorrendo em todas as zonas fitogeográficas. Actinostemon, Mabea e Senefeldera sao restritos a floresta atlantica. São apresentadas chaves para identificação dos gêneros e espécies, descrições, comentários e ilustrações.The study was based on morphological analysis of specimens from various national herbaria as well as collected material. The tribe is represented in the study area by eight genera: Actinostemon Sw. (3 spp., Mabea Aubl. (1sp., Maprounea Aubl. (1sp., Microstachys A. Juss.(2, Sapium P. Browne (2 spp., Sebastiania Spreng. (1 spp., Senefeldera Mart. (1sp. and Stillingia Garden ex L. (1sp.. Widely distributed genera are Sapium and Sebastiania occurring in all phytogeographical zones. Actinostemon, Senefeldera and Mabea are restricted to the Atlantic rainforest. Identification keys to genera and species, descriptions, illustrations and taxonomic comments are presented.

  1. Abiotic Degradation and Toxicological Impacts of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) in Surface Waters: Roles of Mineral Sediments and Solar Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubasinghege, G. R. S.; Rijal, H.; Maldonado-Torres, S.; Gurung, R.; Rogelj, S.; Piyasena, M.

    2017-12-01

    The growing medical and personal needs of human populations have escalated release of pharmaceuticals and personal care products into surface waters. This work investigates abiotic degradation pathways of a particular PPCP, ibuprofen, in the presence of a major mineral component of sedimentation (kaolinite clay), as well as the health effects of the primary compound and its degradation products. Results from these studies showed that the rate and extent of ibuprofen degradation is greatly influenced by the presence of sedimentation particles and solar radiation. In the absence of solar radiation, the dominant reaction mechanism was observed to be the adsorption of ibuprofen onto sedimentation particle surface where surface silanol groups play a key role. In contrast, under solar radiation and in the presence of clay particles, ibuprofen breaks down to several fractions. The decay rates were at least 6-fold higher for irradiated samples compared to those of dark conditions. Toxicity of primary ibuprofen and its secondary residues were tested on three microorganisms: Bacillus megaterium, Pseudoaltermonas atlantica; and algae from the Chlorella genus. The results from the biological assays show that primary PPCP is more toxic than the mixture of secondary products. Overall, however, biological assays carried out using only 4-acetylbenzoic acid, the most abundant secondary product, show a higher toxic effect on algae compared to its parent compound.

  2. Ephedra alte (joint pine): an invasive, problematic weedy species in forestry and fruit tree orchards in Jordan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasem, Jamal R

    2012-01-01

    A field survey was carried out to record plant species climbed by Ephedra alte in certain parts of Jordan during 2008-2010. Forty species of shrubs, ornamental, fruit, and forest trees belonging to 24 plant families suffered from the climbing habit of E. alte. Growth of host plants was adversely affected by E. alte growth that extended over their vegetation. In addition to its possible competition for water and nutrients, the extensive growth it forms over host species prevents photosynthesis, smothers growth and makes plants die underneath the extensive cover. However, E. alte did not climb all plant species, indicating a host preference range. Damaged fruit trees included Amygdalus communis, Citrus aurantifolia, Ficus carica, Olea europaea, Opuntia ficus-indica, and Punica granatum. Forestry species that were adversely affected included Acacia cyanophylla, Ceratonia siliqua, Crataegus azarolus, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus halepensis, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia palaestina, Quercus coccifera, Quercus infectoria, Retama raetam, Rhamnus palaestina, Rhus tripartita, and Zizyphus spina-christi. Woody ornamentals attacked were Ailanthus altissima, Hedera helix, Jasminum fruticans, Jasminum grandiflorum, Nerium oleander, and Pyracantha coccinea. Results indicated that E. alte is a strong competitive for light and can completely smother plants supporting its growth. A. communis, F. carica, R. palaestina, and C. azarolus were most frequently attacked.

  3. HOSPITALIDADE E TROCAS CONTEMPORÂNEAS NA HOTELARIA UM ESTUDO DE CASO DO QUALITY SUÍTES VILA OLÍMPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Soares Lopes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo contempla pesquisa exploratória de caráter bibliográfico a respeito de temas como a hospitalidade e a hotelaria, em que no seu desenvolvimento buscaram-se consultar sites, livros, e periódicos nacionais e internacionais. Logo após utilizou-se de pesquisa de campo em que se discorre sobre questões associadas a gestão e a prestação de serviços nos meios de hospedagem. Para tanto define como objeto de estudo os empreendimentos administrados pela Atlantica Hotels International, representado pelo Quality Suítes Vila Olímpia. Apresenta análise diagnóstica dos procedimentos operacionais padrão efetuados pelos seus colaboradores ao abordar situações distintas vivenciadas pelo homem em que por meio destas torna-se comum as trocas de gentilezas e atos relacionados ao caráter da hospitalidade. Por fim, em seus resultados demonstra, entre outras considerações, atividades relacionadas a boa receptividade dos visitantes e dos hóspedes por meio de treinamentos, aspectos da gestão e características próprias do prestador de serviço, também chamado de anfitrião comercial.

  4. Molecular systematic of three species of Oithona (Copepoda, Cyclopoida from the Atlantic Ocean: comparative analysis using 28S rDNA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina D Cepeda

    Full Text Available Species of Oithona (Copepoda, Cyclopoida are highly abundant, ecologically important, and widely distributed throughout the world oceans. Although there are valid and detailed descriptions of the species, routine species identifications remain challenging due to their small size, subtle morphological diagnostic traits, and the description of geographic forms or varieties. This study examined three species of Oithona (O. similis, O. atlantica and O. nana occurring in the Argentine sector of the South Atlantic Ocean based on DNA sequence variation of a 575 base-pair region of 28S rDNA, with comparative analysis of these species from other North and South Atlantic regions. DNA sequence variation clearly resolved and discriminated the species, and revealed low levels of intraspecific variation among North and South Atlantic populations of each species. The 28S rDNA region was thus shown to provide an accurate and reliable means of identifying the species throughout the sampled domain. Analysis of 28S rDNA variation for additional species collected throughout the global ocean will be useful to accurately characterize biogeographical distributions of the species and to examine phylogenetic relationships among them.

  5. Palmito de pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes cultivado bajo diferentes densidades de laurel (Cordia alliodora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny Montenegro

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evalu6 el incremento en altura y gro- SOT de rebrotes, la altura del tallo dominante, la alliodoproducci6n de palmito y el numero de rebrotes diapOT cepa en plantaciones sin y bajo 2 poblacio- domines de laurel (92 y 370 arboles/ha y el efecto ofdel sombreamiento, en la zona Atlantica de Costa Rica. Se observ6 un mayor incremento en el diametro y la altura de los rebrotes en el monocultivo (P=0.0403, P=0.0033 respectiva- mente unicamente en los estadios iniciales de crecimiento. Una mayor altura del tallo princi- pal (P=0.0143se observ6 en la asociaci6n con haraltas densidades de arboles de laurel. EI nume- ro de rebrotes pOT cepa fue mayor (P=0.05 en maxilas parcelas sin la presencia de arboles. Las ma- yores producciones de palmito fueron encon- whetradas en el monocultivo y con 92 arboles ha/(P=O.O 117, determinandose un menor ren- dimiento con mayores niveles de intercepci6n de luz fotosinteticamente activa pOT parte del estrato arb6reo (r=0.68, P=0.0415. Los ingre- monosos fueron mayores en el tratamiento sin arbo- les, los cuales ejercieron un efecto negativo so- bre el rendimiento productivo del cultivo.

  6. Comparative Study on the Effect of Water Stress and Rootstock on Photosynthetic Function in Pistachio (Pistacia vera L. Trees

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    Abolfazl Ranjbar

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to evaluate the  effects of water deficit stress on chlorophyll fluorescence (CF characteristics of photosystem II (PSII and pigment contents in two rootstock seedlings (Pistacia atlantica L. and P. khinjuk L.. Three levels of soil water potential (Ψs was used, including WWD (-0.05 MPa, MWD (-0.7 MPa and SWD (-1.5 MPa. It was found that water stress increased the minimal fluorescence (F0, quantum yield baseline (F0/Fm and decreased the maximal fluorescence (Fm and maximum quantum yield of PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm parameters in dark adapted leaves. In light adapted leaves, a significant increase in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ and thermal dissipation of light energy to heat (D and a decrease in electron transport rate (ETR and photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (ΦPSII occurred. The results demonstrated a decline in photosynthetic pigments (Chla, (Chlb and carotenoids (Car content with increasing water stress, whereas there was no significant effect on Chl (a/b and Car/(a+b ratios. Our data revealed there was no different in terms of performance between the two rootstocks in the alteration rate of pigment contents and photosynthetic features against soil water deficit conditions.

  7. Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Bacteria with Plant Growth Promoting Activity and Biocontrol Potential from Wild Pistachio Trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etminani, Faegheh; Harighi, Behrouz

    2018-01-01

    In this study, samples were collected from the leaves and stems of healthy wild Pistachio trees (Pistacia atlantica L.) from various locations of Baneh and Marivan regions, Iran. In total, 61 endophytic bacteria were isolated and grouped according to phenotypic properties. Ten selected isolates from each group were further identified by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Based on the results, isolates were identified as bacteria belonging to Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, Bacillus, Pantoea and Serratia genus. The ability of these isolates was evaluated to phytohormone production such as auxin and gibberellin, siderophore production, phosphate solubilization, atmospheric nitrogen fixation, protease and hydrogen cyanide production. All strains were able to produce the plant growth hormone auxin and gibberellin in different amounts. The majority of strains were able to solubilize phosphate. The results of atmospheric nitrogen fixation ability, protease and siderophore production were varied among strains. Only Ba66 could produce a low amount of hydrogen cyanide. The results of biocontrol assay showed that Pb78 and Sp15 strains had the highest and lowest inhibition effects on bacterial plant pathogens, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Pss20 and Pseudomonas tolaasii Pt18 under in vitro condition. Pb3, Pb24 and Pb71 strains significantly promote root formation on carrot slices. To our knowledge this is the first report of the isolation of endophytic bacterial strains belonging to Pantoea, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Serratia and Stenotrophomonas genus from wild pistachio trees with plant growth promoting potential and biocontrol activity. PMID:29887777

  8. Phenolic and triterpenoid composition and inhibition of α-amylase of pistachio kernels (Pistacia vera L.) as affected by rootstock and irrigation treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguera-Artiaga, Luis; Pérez-López, David; Burgos-Hernández, Armando; Wojdyło, Aneta; Carbonell-Barrachina, Ángel A

    2018-09-30

    The current water scarcity forces farmers to adopt new irrigation strategies to save water without jeopardizing the fruit yield and quality. In this study, the influence of 3 regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) treatments and 3 rootstocks on the functional quality of pistachios were studied. The functional parameters studied included, polyphenols, triterpenoids, and inhibition of α-amylase. The results showed that P. terebinthus and P. atlantica rootstocks led to pistachio kernels with higher contents of polyphenols and triterpenoids (mainly betulinic acid with 111 and 102 µg g -1 , respectively) than pistachios obtained using P. integerrima rootstock (81 µg g -1 ). On the other hand, the use of moderate RDI (T1 treatment) increased the total content of polyphenols (∼10%), quercetin-O-galloyl-hexoside (∼15%), keampferol-3-O-glucoside (∼19%), and polymeric procyanidins (∼20%), as compared to the control trees, resulting in pistachios with a better functional profile, lower economic cost and with a lesser environmental impact. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Host Range of a Population of Pratylenchus vulnus in Commercial Fruit, Nut, Citrus, and Grape Rootstocks in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinochet, J; Verdejo, S; Soler, A; Canals, J

    1992-12-01

    In a host-range study carried out under greenhouse conditions, a total of 37 commercial fruit tree, grape, and citrus rootstocks were tested for their reaction to a population of the lesion nematode, Pratylenchus vulnus, in Spain. Twenty-five rootstocks had a Pf/Pi > 1.5. These included almond (Desmayo Rojo, 1143), apple (EM-9, EM-106), avocado (Hass), cherry (Santa Lucia 64, Camil, M x M 14, Masto de Montafiana), grape (41-B, Fercal, Ritcher 110), hazelnut (Pauetet), loquat (Nadal), peach (Montclar, GF-305), pear (OHF-333), pistachio (P. atlantica, P. vera, P. terebinthus), plum (San Julian 655-2, Montizo, Pixy, Myrobalan 605), and walnut (Serf). The peach rootstock Nemaguard and the grape 161-49 had Pf/Pi between 1.0 and 1.5 (slightly higher than inoculation level). All the tested citrus (Alemow, rough lemon, Carrizo citrange, sour orange, Troyer citrange, Citrumelo), plus three grape (SO4, Vitis rupestris, 1103-P), and the olive rootstock Arbequina had a Pf/Pi < 1.0.

  10. Ethno-gynecological knowledge of medicinal plants used by Baluch tribes, southeast of Baluchistan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Sadeghi

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to establish a regional profile of the indigenous knowledge on the treatment of various gynaecological disorders by Baluch Tribes of Iran. The ethical guidelines adopted by the International Society of Ethnobiology were strictly followed during the field survey. Data were collected during 2013-2014 based on interviews, group conversations and close consultation with local informants. Participants were selected using the snowball sampling technique. Secondary methods of data collection were also used for triangulation. A quantitative analysis including the informant consensus factor and use value was performed to evaluate the medicinal plants. A total of 33.3% Baluch women reported high affiliation with herbal remedies for gynaecological problems, while others attribute was also positive for medicinal plants. A total of eighty plant species belonging to 43 botanical families were documented. Levels of Relative frequency of citation decreased as follows: Nigella sativa (0.92, Pistacia atlantica (0.91, Anethum graveolens (0.88, Carum carvi (0.87 and Trigonella foenum-graecum (0.85. Results of the informant consensus factor showed that menstrual problems (0.87 and vaginal infection (0.74 were the most common problems of women in the studied area. The use value and informant consensus factor validated that the relative importance of plant species and shared knowledge of herbal therapies between Baluch womenfolk of this area is still rich.

  11. Crystal structure of (1S,3R,8R,9R,10S-2,4,6-tris(2,2-dichloro-3,7,7,10-tetramethyltricyclo[6.4.0.01,3]dodec-9-ylcyclotriboroxane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Benharref

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C48H75B3Cl6O3, was synthesized in two steps from β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-benzocycloheptene, which was isolated from the essential oil of the Atlas cedar (Cedrus Atlantica. The molecule consists of an almost planar cyclotriboroxane ring [maximum deviation = 0.036 (2 Å] linked to three identical fused ring systems with different conformations. Each of the three attached ring systems is built up from a seven-membered ring to which a six- and a three-membered ring are fused. The three six-membered rings have a twist-boat conformation, whereas the seven-membered rings display boat, chair and twist-boat conformations. The dihedral angles between the central boroxane ring and the mean planes of the attached six-membered rings are 63.67 (18, 54.89 (2 and 56.57 (19°. The crystal packing is governed only by van der Waals interactions.

  12. Ephedra alte (Joint Pine: An Invasive, Problematic Weedy Species in Forestry and Fruit Tree Orchards in Jordan

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    Jamal R. Qasem

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A field survey was carried out to record plant species climbed by Ephedra alte in certain parts of Jordan during 2008–2010. Forty species of shrubs, ornamental, fruit, and forest trees belonging to 24 plant families suffered from the climbing habit of E. alte. Growth of host plants was adversely affected by E. alte growth that extended over their vegetation. In addition to its possible competition for water and nutrients, the extensive growth it forms over host species prevents photosynthesis, smothers growth and makes plants die underneath the extensive cover. However, E. alte did not climb all plant species, indicating a host preference range. Damaged fruit trees included Amygdalus communis, Citrus aurantifolia, Ficus carica, Olea europaea, Opuntia ficus-indica, and Punica granatum. Forestry species that were adversely affected included Acacia cyanophylla, Ceratonia siliqua, Crataegus azarolus, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus halepensis, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia palaestina, Quercus coccifera, Quercus infectoria, Retama raetam, Rhamnus palaestina, Rhus tripartita, and Zizyphus spina-christi. Woody ornamentals attacked were Ailanthus altissima, Hedera helix, Jasminum fruticans, Jasminum grandiflorum, Nerium oleander, and Pyracantha coccinea. Results indicated that E. alte is a strong competitive for light and can completely smother plants supporting its growth. A. communis, F. carica, R. palaestina, and C. azarolus were most frequently attacked.

  13. Ephedra alte (Joint Pine): An Invasive, Problematic Weedy Species in Forestry and Fruit Tree Orchards in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasem, Jamal R.

    2012-01-01

    A field survey was carried out to record plant species climbed by Ephedra alte in certain parts of Jordan during 2008–2010. Forty species of shrubs, ornamental, fruit, and forest trees belonging to 24 plant families suffered from the climbing habit of E. alte. Growth of host plants was adversely affected by E. alte growth that extended over their vegetation. In addition to its possible competition for water and nutrients, the extensive growth it forms over host species prevents photosynthesis, smothers growth and makes plants die underneath the extensive cover. However, E. alte did not climb all plant species, indicating a host preference range. Damaged fruit trees included Amygdalus communis, Citrus aurantifolia, Ficus carica, Olea europaea, Opuntia ficus-indica, and Punica granatum. Forestry species that were adversely affected included Acacia cyanophylla, Ceratonia siliqua, Crataegus azarolus, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus halepensis, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia palaestina, Quercus coccifera, Quercus infectoria, Retama raetam, Rhamnus palaestina, Rhus tripartita, and Zizyphus spina-christi. Woody ornamentals attacked were Ailanthus altissima, Hedera helix, Jasminum fruticans, Jasminum grandiflorum, Nerium oleander, and Pyracantha coccinea. Results indicated that E. alte is a strong competitive for light and can completely smother plants supporting its growth. A. communis, F. carica, R. palaestina, and C. azarolus were most frequently attacked. PMID:22645486

  14. Compositional Similarities and Differences between Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) from two Marine Bacteria and two Marine Algae: Significance to Surface Biofouling

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Sheng

    2015-06-12

    Transparent-exopolymer-particles (TEP) have been recently identified as a significant contributor to surface biofouling, such as on reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. TEP research has mainly focused on algal TEP/TEP precursors while limited investigations have been conducted on those released by bacteria. In this study, TEP/TEP precursors derived from both algae and bacteria were isolated and then characterized to investigate their similarities and/or differences using various advanced analytical techniques, thus providing a better understanding of their potential effect on biofouling. Bacterial TEP/TEP precursors were isolated from two species of marine bacteria (Pseudidiomarina homiensis and Pseudoalteromonas atlantica) while algal TEP/TEP precursors were isolated from two marine algae species (Alexandrium tamarense and Chaetoceros affinis). Results indicated that both isolated bacterial and algal TEP/TEP precursors were associated with protein-like materials, and most TEP precursors were high-molecular-weight biopolymers. Furthermore all investigated algal and bacterial TEP/TEP precursors showed a lectin-like property, which can enable them to act as a chemical conditioning layer and to agglutinate bacteria. This property may enhance surface biofouling. However, both proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and the nitrogen/carbon (N/C) ratios suggested that the algal TEP/TEP precursors contained much less protein content than the bacterial TEP/TEP precursors. This difference may influence their initial deposition and further development of surface biofouling.

  15. Environmental management of the OSBAT 24'' oil pipeline: reached practical results; Gestao ambiental do Oleoduto OSBAT 24{sup :} resultados praticos alcancados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serra, Ricardo N.; Garibaldi, Celia M.; Kagawa, Adriana; Serra, Maira B.; Oliveira, Flavio M. de; Perim, Leandro A. [LENC - Laboratorio de Engenharia e Consultoria Ltda., Cotia, SP (Brazil); Baptista, Sidney L. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The main objective of this article is to present considerations about the practical results obtained over the implementation of specialized technical services for environmental monitoring and control of the work of maintenance of OSBAT 24'' pipeline, located in a stretch of about 32 km from the Aquatic Terminal of Sao Sebastiao - SP (TASSE) to the district Camburi. This area is characterized by intense environmental complexity by the presence of the Serra do Mar State Park, under enormous natural diversity of preserved Mata Atlantica forest, contrasting with a considerable pole of urban sprawl whose population growth rates (4.66% pa) and economic they are above the average for the Sao Paulo State. The presentation of results considers the practical implementation of the package of environmental management tools used and seek verification of the scope and quality of the following items: general Review of care as environmental registers occurred at different periods (eg monthly, bimonthly, half, etc.); survey of the nature of environmental registers; environmental registers recovered; cases of non-compliance and the main control measures implemented; evaluation of environmental performance; recommendations and learning. (author)

  16. Lindane Bioremediation Capability of Bacteria Associated with the Demosponge Hymeniacidon perlevis

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    Stabili Loredana

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Lindane is an organochlorine pesticide belonging to persistent organic pollutants (POPs that has been widely used to treat agricultural pests. It is of particular concern because of its toxicity, persistence and tendency to bioaccumulate in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In this context, we assessed the role of bacteria associated with the sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis in lindane degradation. Seven bacteria isolates were characterized and identified. These isolates showed a remarkable capacity to utilize lindane as a sole carbon source leading to a percentage of residual lindane ranging from 3% to 13% after 12 days of incubation with the pesticide. The lindane metabolite, 1,3–6-pentachloro-cyclohexene, was identified as result of lindane degradation and determined by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS. The bacteria capable of lindane degradation were identified on the basis of the phenotypic characterization by morphological, biochemical and cultural tests, completed with 16S rDNA sequence analysis, and assigned to Mameliella phaeodactyli, Pseudovibrio ascidiaceicola, Oceanicaulis stylophorae, Ruegeria atlantica and to three new uncharacterized species. The results obtained are a prelude to the development of future strategies for the in situ bioremediation of lindane.

  17. Interannual abundance changes of gelatinous carnivore zooplankton unveil climate-driven hydrographic variations in the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Ambrosio, Mariaelena; Molinero, Juan C; Azeiteiro, Ulisses M; Pardal, Miguel A; Primo, Ana L; Nyitrai, Daniel; Marques, Sónia C

    2016-09-01

    The persistent massive blooms of gelatinous zooplankton recorded during recent decades may be indicative of marine ecosystem changes. In this study, we investigated the potential influence of the North Atlantic climate (NAO) variability on decadal abundance changes of gelatinous carnivore zooplankton in the Mondego estuary, Portugal, over the period 2003-2013. During the 11-year study, the community of gelatinous carnivores encompassed a larger diversity of hydromedusae than siphonophores; the former dominated by Obelia spp., Lizzia blondina, Clythia hemisphaerica, Liriope tetraphylla and Solmaris corona, while the latter dominated by Muggiaea atlantica. Gelatinous carnivore zooplankton displayed marked interannual variability and mounting species richness over the period examined. Their pattern of abundance shifted towards larger abundances ca. 2007 and significant phenological changes. The latter included a shift in the mean annual pattern (from unimodal to bimodal peak, prior and after 2007 respectively) and an earlier timing of the first annual peak concurrent with enhanced temperatures. These changes were concurrent with the climate-driven environmental variability mainly controlled by the NAO, which displayed larger variance after 2007 along with an enhanced upwelling activity. Structural equation modelling allowed depicting cascading effects derived from the NAO influence on regional climate and upwelling variability further shaping water temperature. Such cascading effect percolated the structure and dynamics of the community of gelatinous carnivore zooplankton in the Mondego estuary. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Genetic differentiation between sympatric and allopatric wintering populations of Snow Geese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphries, E.M.; Peters, J.L.; Jonsson, J.E.; Stone, R.; Afton, A.D.; Omland, K.E.

    2009-01-01

    Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge on the Delmarva Peninsula, Maryland, USA has been the wintering area of a small population of Lesser Snow Geese (Chen caerulescens caerulescens; LSGO) since the 1930s. Snow Geese primarily pair in wintering areas and gene flow could be restricted between this and other LSGO wintering populations. Winter pair formation also could facilitate interbreeding with sympatric but morphologically differentiated Greater Snow Geese (C. c. atlantica; GSGO).We sequenced 658 bp of the mitochondrial DNA control region for 68 Snow Geese from East Coast and Louisiana wintering populations to examine the level of genetic differentiation among populations and subspecies. We found no evidence for genetic differentiation between LSGO populations but, consistent with morphological differences, LSGO and GSGO were significantly differentiated. We also found a lack of genetic differentiation between different LSGO morphotypes from Louisiana. We examined available banding data and found the breeding range of Delmarva LSGO overlaps extensively with LSGO that winter in Louisiana, and documented movements between wintering populations. Our results suggest the Delmarva population of LSGO is not a unique population unit apart from Mid-Continent Snow Geese. ?? 2009 by the Wilson Ornithological Society.

  19. Metamorphic evolution and U-Pb zircon SHRIMP geochronology of the Belizário ultramafic amphibolite, Encantadas Complex, southernmost Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmann Léo A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The integrated investigation of metamorphism and zircon U-Pb SHRIMP geochronology of the Belizário ultramafic amphibolite from southernmost Brazil leads to a better understanding of the processes involved in the generation of the Encantadas Complex. Magmatic evidence of the magnesian basalt or pyroxenite protolith is only preserved in cores of zircon crystals, which are dated at 2257 ± 12 Ma. Amphibolite facies metamorphism M1 formed voluminous hornblende in the investigated rock possibly at 1989 ± 21 Ma. This ultramafic rock was re-metamorphosed at 702±21 Ma during a greenschist facies eventM2; the assemblage actinolite + oligoclase + microcline + epidote + titanite + monazite formed by alteration of hornblende. The metamorphic events are probably related to the Encantadas Orogeny (2257±12 Ma and Camboriú Orogeny (~ 1989 Ma of the Trans-Amazonian Cycle, followed by an orogenic event (702±21 Ma of the Brasiliano Cycle. The intervening cratonic period (2000-700 Ma corresponds to the existence of the Supercontinent Atlantica, known regionally as the Rio de la Plata Craton.

  20. Larval settlement preferences of Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata in response to diverse red algae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritson-Williams, R.; Arnold, S. N.; Paul, V. J.; Steneck, R. S.

    2014-03-01

    Settlement specificity can regulate recruitment but remains poorly understood for coral larvae. We studied larvae of the corals, Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata, to determine their rates of settlement and metamorphosis in the presence of ten species of red algae, including eight species of crustose coralline algae, one geniculated coralline and one encrusting peyssonnelid. Twenty to forty percent of larvae of A. palmata settled on coralline surfaces of Hydrolithon boergesenii, Lithoporella atlantica, Neogoniolithon affine, and Titanoderma prototypum, whereas none settled and metamorphosed on Neogoniolithon mamillare. Larvae of M. faveolata had 13-25 % settlement onto the surface of Amphiroa tribulus, H. boergesenii, N. affine, N. munitum, and T. prototypum, but had no settlement on the surface of N. mamillare, Porolithon pachydermum, and a noncoralline crust Peyssonnelia sp. Some of these algal species were common on Belizean reefs, but the species that induced the highest rates of larval settlement and metamorphosis tended to be rare and primarily found in low-light environments. The shallow coral, A. palmata, and the deeper coral, M. faveolata, both had increased larval settlement rates in the presence of only a few species of red algae found at deeper depths suggesting that patterns of coral distribution can only sometimes be related to the distribution of red algae species.