WorldWideScience

Sample records for selle vhendamiseks tartu

  1. Tartu rahulepingu juriidilised aspektid Eesti-Vene suhetes : [bakalaureusetöö] / Madli Välja ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Igor Gräzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Välja, Madli

    2001-01-01

    Tartu rahulepingu sõlmimise ajalooline tagapõhi, Tartu rahuleping 2. 02. 1920. a., Molotov-Ribbentropi pakt 1939.a., suveräänsusdeklaratsioon 16. 11. 1988. a., Tartu rahulepingu kehtivus, rahvusvahelise õiguse hinnang Tartu rahuleppele, Tartu rahuleping kui Eesti riikliku järjepidevuse alus ja selle roll Eesti liitumisel NATO-ga

  2. Tänane Tartu - naerud, nutud ja hernetondid = Tartu today - laughter, tears and scarecrows / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu linnaruumist, selle teisenemistest. Eduard Tubina mälestusmärgist (skulptor Aili Vahtrapuu, arhitekt Veronika Valk, heli: Louis Dandrel), Tartu Kaubamajast (arhitekt Raivo Puusepp), Rüütli tänava kujundusest (Rene Valner, Ott Kadarik), Ülikooli tänavast. 5 värv. ill

  3. Andres Tauli muljeid Tartu Ülikooli pidustustelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli asutamise 370. aastapäeva kõnes avaldas president Rüütel arvamust, et Tartu Ülikooli suurus seisnebki selles, et ta on eesti ülikool ja ühtlasi ka Eesti lipulaev hariduse põllul

  4. Tartu 2003 : Teater

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tartu teatrielu sündmustest 2003 - M. Savitski osalemine New Yorgi balletikonkursil, T. Lensmendi lavastus "Kihnu Jõnn", M. Undi lavastus "Aida", P. Pedajase lavastus "Nipernaadi", M.Kasterpalu juhitud Tartu Teatrilabori korraldatud teatrifestival "Draama 2003", A. Mäe asumine Vanemuise teatrijuhi kohale

  5. Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool = Tartu Health Care College

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool Nooruse tänav 5, valminud 2011. Arhitektid Indrek Peil, Siiri Vallner (Kavakava), kaasautorid Johannes Feld, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Andro Mänd, Ragnar Põllukivi. Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Konstruktorid Ivar Muuk, Andres Hirve (Pike)

  6. Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool = Tartu Health Care College

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2011. a. ühiskondliku interjööri preemia pälvinud Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkooli hoone (Nooruse 5) sisekujundusest. Suurem osa kooli mööblist on tehtud eritellimusel sisearhitekti jooniste järgi. Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink OÜ). Loetletud Pink OÜ töid. Arhitektid Siiri Vallner ja Indrek Peil

  7. Ettepanekud : Tartu, 28. aprill 2010 = Proposals : Tartu, 28 April 2010

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Tartu linnafoorumil tehtud ettepanekud. Tartu kesklinn kui kampus, ülikooli hoonete paiknemine. Linna jätkusuutlik areng. Geograafilised identiteedid: Emajõgi ja Toomemägi. Olulised tegevused linnaplaneerimises jm.

  8. Tartu sisustuskevad / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2008-01-01

    "Deko" esindajad Anu Kaelussoo juhatusel tutvusid Tartu sisustus- ja kunstikauplustega. Püha Antoniuse Gildi meistrikodadest, Epp Mardi ja Tuuli Vahesaare kauplusest "Friida ja Lonni", kauplustest "Ruum", "Abakhan", "Saurus Antiik", "Kunst ja Käsitöö", ateljee- kauplusest "Põnev Pritsimaja", Tuvikese kunstikauplusest, Mustvalgest salongist, Elitaar kunstisalongist jm

  9. Tartu Ülikooli robot päästab tenniseväljaku koristaja öötööst / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu Tähtvere tennisekeskuse juht Egert Ivask tegi EAS-ile projekti innovatsiooniosaku saamiseks, et selle abil saaks teha koostööd Tartu Ülikooliga, mille üliõpilased on nüüdseks tennisekeskuse jaoks vajaliku koristusroboti peaaegu valmis saanud

  10. Urban energy planning in Tartu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Groth, Niels Boje; Fertner, Christian

    The Estonian planning system allots the main responsibilities for planning activities to the local level, whereas the regional level (county) is rather weak. That implies a gap of cooperation on the regional level, leading to dispersed urban development in suburban municipalities and ongoing urban...... sprawl in the vicinity of Tartu. This development appears contrary to the concept of “low-density urbanised space” as formulated in the National Spatial Plan “Estonia 2030+” (NSP) as the central spatial development concept for Estonia and also to a compact and intensive city development as formulated...... in the Master Plan of Tartu. Since Tartu has no relevant big industries, the main employers are the municipality and the university, energy related challenges occur from transport and residential (district) heating. The modal split shows big differences between journeys within Tartu and journeys between Tartu...

  11. Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool = Tartu Health Care College / Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-

    2012-01-01

    2012. aastal valminud Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkooli hoone arhitektuursest lahendusest. Arhitektid Indrek Peil ja Siiri Vallner, kaasautorid Johannes Feld, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Andro Mänd ja Ragnar Põllukivi (Kavakava). Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Projekt: 2006-2009

  12. Selling bread

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, John, 1837-1921, photographer

    2003-01-01

    85 x 107 mm. Woodburytype. A portrait of an old woman seated on a chair, with a basket on her lap. The portrait is in Thomson's 'Through Cyprus with the camera, in the autumn of 1878' (vol.1, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1879). The photograph is annotated: 'In the features of this old dame, who earns her living by selling bread in Larnaca, there still linger traces of youthful comeliness. Her thin locks are silvered with age, and the years, as they dragged heavily...

  13. Tartu füüsikud põrgatavad ilmapalli ehk Õhupallid koolifüüsikas / Piia Post, Kristel Uiboupin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Post, Piia, 1963-

    2016-01-01

    Möödunud aastal tähistati 150 aasta möödumist professionaalse ilmavaatluse algusest Eestis. Selle tähistamiseks avati uus ilmajaam Tartu ülikooli füüsikahoone ehk Physicumi katusel. Selle heeliumiga täidetud õhupalliga võeti osa rahvusvahelisest õhupallide lennutamise võistlusest „Global Space Balloon Challenge”

  14. Annelinn - Tartu kuldne kroon, betoonist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Jarmo K otsib Tartu betoonlinnakust väärikust ning poeesiat. Kiitust pälvinud kaasaegsetest elamutest on nimetatud AB Muru & Pere projekteeritud kolmiktorne Luha tänaval ning Ott Ojamaa projekteeritud elamut Kalda teel

  15. Puhastus Tartu ülikoolis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Nõukogu saalis nõukogude-aegsete rektorite piltide väljavahetamisest. Alles jäid J. Skytte, G. F. Parroti portreed. H. Kruusi, A. Koorti, F. Klementi, A. Koobi portreed anti hoiule Tartu Ülikooli Kunstimuuseumisse. Pandi välja maalid P. Põllust ja H. Koppelist. Suure osa portreede autor on Ilmar Malin. Ülikooli praegune portreemaalija - Jüri Arrak.

  16. Efektiivne kommunikatsioon menetlusosaliste õiguste tagajana haldusmenetluses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Anno Aedmaa ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedmaa, Anno

    2003-01-01

    Kommunikatsiooni e. teabevahenduse ühiskondlik tähendus ning selle seos haldusmenetlusega, menetlusosaliste õigused - selgituste andmine ning isiku nõustamine, dokumentidega tutvumine, õigus olla ära kuulatud, haldusakti põhjendamine ; kommunikatsioon haldusmenetluses Euroopa Liidu kontekstis. - Kaitses 16. 01. 2004. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  17. Uus Tartu Loodusmaja = The new Tartu Nature Building / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu Loodusmaja avalikust arhitektuurivõistlusest, kvalifitseerimistingimustest, energiatõhususest ja žürii tööst. 1. preemia sai töö "Känd", autorid Diana Taalfeld, Kai Süda, Margit Valma, Martin Kinks (Urmas Lõokese AB / Karisma Arhitektid). Nimetatud 2. ja 3. koha saanud tööd, autorid

  18. Manhattanilt Tartu tahahoovi / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2008-01-01

    Tutvustus: Dos Passos, John. Manhattan Transfer / tlk. Olavi Teppan. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Betti Alver : usutlused. Kirjad. Päevikukatked. Mälestused / koostanud ja toimetanud Kristi Metste, Enn Lillemets. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Artur Alliksaar mälestustes / koostanud Henn-Kaarel Hellat. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007. Ka kirjastusest Ilmamaa

  19. Venemaalt Saksamaa kaudu Itaaliasse : Rooma õiguse õpetamine ja selle mõjutajad eestikeelses ülikoolis (1919-1940) / Hesi Siimets-Gross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siimets-Gross, Hesi, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli õppeainest "Rooma õiguse ajalugu" ja selle õppejõududest (Jüri Uluots, Ernst Ein, Leo Leesment) ning õppeainest "Rooma õiguse süsteem" ja selle õppejõududest (Karl Wilhelm von Seeler, David Johann Friedrich Grimm ja Ernst Ein)

  20. Direct selling particularities

    OpenAIRE

    Greifová, Daniela

    2009-01-01

    Bachelor thesis is focused on the parcularities of direct selling, self regulation of this industry, multi-level marketing which is the most used sales method in the field of direct selling. The part of the thesis is dedicated to the issue of customer psychology that is very important for achieving success in direct selling. Main goals are to provide readers with the general view of direct selling and analysis of growing possibilities of the industry in the future.

  1. Tartu Ülikool Tartu linnas = The University of Tartu in the city of Tartu / Kaja Pae, Merje Müürisepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    Maarjamõisa välja ja kesklinna hoonestu suhted. Ülikool ja kesklinn, ülikooli ruumiline imidž. Ülikooli ajalooline hoonestu. Tartu Ülikooli hoonete paiknemisega linnaruumis tegeldi 27. ja 28. aprillil 2010 toimunud Tartu linnafoorumil

  2. Moosipurgid Tartu alateadvuse keldrites / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Priit Pajose näitus "Imed, inimesed ja imeinimesed" Tartu Kunstimaja galeriis. Seitsme noorema põlvkonna kunstniku näitus "Raamatukoguprojekt. Kunstniku dialoog ruumiga" Rael Artel Gallery: Non Profit Project Space's Tartu Linnaraamatukogu keldris Kompanii 3/5

  3. Tartu ootab Mõõdukaid / Jarno Laur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Jarno, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Mõõdukate tellimusel viis ES Turu-uuringud 19.04.-6.05. läbi küsitluse, milles uuriti Tartu elanike rahulolu linnaeluga ja probleeme, mille lahendamist linlane poliitikutelt ootab. Diagramm: Kuidas on Tartu linnavalitsus saanud hakkama

  4. Tartu kevad / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli maali õppetooli üliõpilaste näitus "Tartu kevad" Kastellaanimaja galeriis. Osalevad Kadri Ilves, Piret Mikkelsen, Anna Kainulainen, Anna Mägi, Jaan-Jürgen Klaus, Merike Orav, Irina Krivonogova, Angela Orro, Peeter Krosmann, Kärt Putk, Kadi Kängsepp, Jane Remm, Liina Laaser, Ode Taul, Sami Kalevi Makkonen, Maive Õunapuu

  5. Bunge-aegne Tartu / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Varem ilmunud kogumikus Tundmatu Friedrich Georg von Bunge : materjale Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi konverentsilt "200 aastat prof. Friedrich Georg von Bunge (1802-1897) sünnist" Tartu Ülikooli Ajaloo Muuseumis 27. aprillil 2002 : [baltisaksa õigusteadlane ja -ajaloolane]. Tartu, 2006

  6. On legal bases and process of accreditation of teaching of law in Estonia (University of Tartu Faculty of Law case) / Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Õigusharidust andvate õppeasutuste akrediteerimisest; Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnast ning selle avaliku õiguse ja eraõiguse instituutidest, õppeprogrammist, magistri- ja doktoriõppest ning teadustegevusest. Lisatud andmed 1993.-1998. a. kaitstud teadustööde kohta, õppejõudude osalemise kohta seaduseelnõude ettevalmistamisel ning publikatsioonide kohta

  7. Cross Selling Management

    OpenAIRE

    Nufer, Gerd; Kelm, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Erfolgreiches Cross Selling Management bietet die Möglichkeit, die Profitabilität von Neu- oder Bestandskunden zu steigern und kann zur Verbesserung der Kundenzufriedenheit, Kundenbindung und Verlängerung des Kundenlebenszyklus beitragen. Um erfolgreiches Cross Selling Management zu betreiben, sind ein systematisches Vorgehen und die Bereitstellung von Unternehmensressourcen notwendig. Umfangreiche vorbereitende Maßnahmen stellen sicher, dass Cross Selling nicht dem Zufall überlassen wird. De...

  8. Suur põgenemine 1944 : eestlaste lahkumine läände ning selle mõjud / Peep Pillak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pillak, Peep, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Välis-Eesti uuringute keskuse ja Rootsi Eesti saatkonna korraldatud teaduskonverensist (Tartu, 22. okt. 2004), kus arutluse all oli 1944. a. suur põgenemine läände ja selle mõjud tänasesse päeva

  9. Tartu Pauluse kirik = St. Paul's Church in Tartu / Merja Nieminen, Kari Järvinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nieminen, Merja

    2016-01-01

    Eliel Saarineni projekteeritud Tartu Pauluse kiriku restaureerimisest. Restaureerimisprojekti autorid Merja Nieminen, Kari Järvinen, sisearhitekt Markku Nors. Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2016 laureaat

  10. SPIN-selling

    CERN Document Server

    Rackham, Neil

    1995-01-01

    True or false? In selling high-value products or services: "closing" increases your chance of success; it is essential to describe the benefits of your product or service to the customer; objection handling is an important skill; and open questions are more effective than closed questions. All false, says Neil Rackham. He and his team studied more than 35,000 sales calls made by 10,000 sales people in 23 countries over 12 years. Their findings revealed that many of the methods developed for selling low-value goods just don't work for major sales. Rackham went on to introduce his SPIN-selling method, where SPIN describes the whole selling process - Situation questions, Problem questions, Implication questions, Need-payoff questions. SPIN-selling provides you with a set of simple and practical techniques which have been tried in many of today's leading companies with dramatic improvements to their sales performance.

  11. Muinasteadlane Tartu ülikooli audoktoriks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    1998. a. detsembris promoveeritakse Tartu Ülikooli audoktoriks Eestist pärit Haifa ülikooli emeriitprofessor Michael Heltzer, kelle peamiseks uurimisvaldkonnaks on Foiniikia linnade (eriti Ugariti) majandus ja epigraafika

  12. Tartu on Eesti Boston / Silver Meikar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meikar, Silver, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu eeldustest kujuneda hariduse, innovaatilise tootmise, pärimuskultuuri ja linnaruumi tasakaalustatud kasutamise südameks. Ettevõtluse, transpordi ja turismi arengust. Lisa: Silver Meikari Lõuna-Eesti edu top 10

  13. Intellektika 2001 - Tartu "Teeviit" / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo

    2001-01-01

    16.-17. veebr. 2001 toimus Tartus haridus- ja teadusmess "Intellektika 2001", kus osales 291 hariduse ja teadusega seotud organisatsiooni. Kuna osalejate seas oli rohkesti õppeasutusi, nimetati messi ka Tartu "Teeviidaks"

  14. Surnukuurikunst elab Tartu anatoomikumis / Aigi Viira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viira, Aigi

    1999-01-01

    Vene kunstniku Aleksander Potolitsyni performance'iga avati Tartus kunstiprojekt "Tartu Anatoomikum" ئ 14 euroopa kunstniku (loetletud) installatsioonid. Projekti kuraator on Paul Rodgers. Eestit esindavad Jaan Jaanisoo, Jüri Ojaver, Annika Tonts

  15. Tartu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vestlus noorte graafikutega nende õpingutest, tööst graafilise disain alal, disainist, disainist Tartus - Peeter Paasmäe (1963), Andres Rõhu (1965), Mari Ainsoo (1975), Martin Lazarev ehk Lazer (1977), Martin Rästa ehk Mammut (1980), Lauri Järvlepp ehk Mõmmar (1980) ja rühmitus D'Art: Risto Kalmre (1982), Pent Talvet (1983), Timo Toots (1982)

  16. Tartu toomhärrade päritolu = Social origins of Tartu canons / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    1993-01-01

    Lisana tabelid: Vana-Liivimaalt pärit toomhärrade jaotumine ja osakaal. Lk. 23 ; Väljastpoolt Vana-Liivimaad pärinevad toomhärrad Tartu toomkapiitlis. Lk. 24 ; Tartu toomhärrade sotsiaalne päritolu. Lk. 25

  17. Tartu Ülikooli varakamber = The Treasury of the University of Tartu / Margit Aule, Margit Argus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aule, Margit, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli varakambri (Lossi 25, Tartu) sisearhitektuurse lahenduse töötasid välja ning ekspositsiooni kujundasid Margit Argus ja Margit Aule (Kaos Arhitektid). Graafiline disain: Polar Studio. Arhitektuuriajaloolaste Mart Kalmu ja Leele Välja ning arhitekti ja fotograafi Reio Avaste arvamused

  18. Students of Tartu and Tallinn on foreign policy / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna ja Tartu politoloogia üliõpilaste uuringu tulemused: üliõpilased pidid vastama küsimustele Eesti-Vene-Euroopa suhete kohta. Erinevused Tallinna ja Tartu vahel polnud suured; Tallinna üliõpilased olid pragmaatilisemad

  19. Tartu kui märk / Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Jüri, 1945-

    1996-01-01

    Ilmus algkujul hispaania keeles Sevillas Andaluusia Semiootikaassotsiatsiooni ajakirja Discurso Tartu semiootikakoolkonnale pühendatud erinumbris (nr. 8, 1993). Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Talvet, Jüri. Ameerika märkmeid, ehk, Kaemusi Eestist. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2000, lk. 62-71, pealk.: Tartu vaim

  20. Selling digital music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Tvede, Mich

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers the market for digital music. We claim that the combination of the MP3 format and peer-to-peer networks has made music non-excludable and this feature is essential for the understanding of the economics of the music market. We study optimal business models for selling non-exc......, the music industry should concentrate on alternative ways of creating profit such as selling access to listeners, concerts, merchandise, ringtones etc.......This paper considers the market for digital music. We claim that the combination of the MP3 format and peer-to-peer networks has made music non-excludable and this feature is essential for the understanding of the economics of the music market. We study optimal business models for selling non...

  1. Selling the green dream

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wood, E.

    2005-01-01

    The article discusses the marketing and sales of energy generated from renewable energy sources. To purchase environmental energy in the USA, the consumer need do no more than tick a box on a sheet of paper. But, it is not just households that opt for green energy: businesses are also willing customers. A factor in the success in selling green energy to big business is that the retail price of wind power can be held constant over periods of several years, whereas fossil fuel prices can fluctuate wildly. Details of sources and sales of the top ten companies selling green energy are given

  2. Tartu Ülikooli Muuseumi varakamber = Treasury of the University of Tartu Museum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Muuseumi varakamber Lossi tänav 25, valminud 2012. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali sisearhitektuuripreemia 2012 minevikust tulevikku vaatava efektse ja noorusliku ekspositsiooniruumi kujundamise eest. Sisearhitektid Margit Argus, Margit Aule (KAOS Arhitektid)

  3. Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja = Nature School of Tartu Environmental Education Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Keskkonnahariduse Keskuse Loodusmaja Lille tänav 10, valminud 2013. Arhitektuurivõistlus 2010. Arhitektid Martin Kinks, Risto Parve, Kai Süda, Margit Valma (Karisma Arhitktid), Diana Taalfeld (NU Arhitektuur). Sisearhitekt Tõnis Kalve

  4. Selling digital music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Tvede, Mich

    This paper considers the market for digital music. We claim that the combination of the MP3 format and peer-to-peer networks has made music non-excludable and this feature is essential for the understanding of the economics of the music market. We study optimal business models for selling non...

  5. Tartu Postimehe küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastus küsimusele: mis on see, mis aitaks teil olukorras, kus Andrus Ansipit toetab 64% tartlastest, tõusta Tartu meeritoolile? Vastavad Ivar Tallo, Malle Salupere, Jüri Kumar, Tõnu Kauba, Teet Jagomägi, Tõnis Lukas. Parlamendisaadik

  6. 1. V kell 19 algab Tartu Sadamateatris...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli tekstiiliosakonna korraldatud üritus "Projekt: Mood-Performance-Tants". Esineb Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia tantsutrupp Jaanika Müürsepa juhendamisel. Baby Universali moeetendusel esinevad Maru, Kätlin Kängsepp, Liisi Eesmaa, Jaanika Terasmaa, Ieva Veita, Ilze Adumane jt. Muusikat teevad Kiwa, King-Bit, Fabrique jt.

  7. Tartu Ülikooli uued audoktorid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli uued audoktorid on: Wilfried Schlüter, Liisa Marjatta Ahtee, Hans Hilmar Goebel, Tapani Ruutu, Jürgen Mittelstrass, Keijo Aarre Virtanen, Giovanni Romeo, José Luis Abbud Mas, Svennik Haeyer, Björn Wittrock

  8. Kazakhstan sells its silver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, Paul.

    1995-01-01

    Kazakhstan's government seems keen to involve foreign companies in financing the large scale exploitation of Central Asia's hydrocarbon reserves. Despite domestic uncertainty about free market ethics, the country's rulers seem keen to sell off some of its present wealth, in terms of oil production, in order to raise finance for internal projects. The author explores which of several options for financing these large projects would prove most beneficial to the Kazakhs themselves. (UK)

  9. Tartu noored akordionistid tegid Prantsusmaal ilma / Endel Jukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jukk, Endel

    2004-01-01

    36. noorte akordionistide konkursil Pariisi eeslinnas Argenteuil'is saavutas karika Tambet Anja Elleri nim. Tartu Muusikakoolist (õpetaja Uno Arro) ja kuldmedali Liis Jõgar Luunjast (õpetaja Lehte Anja)

  10. "Tartu Athena" tarib viimase hetke majja kunsti / Aigi Viira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viira, Aigi

    1999-01-01

    Kunstiprojekt ("Vana Athena" muudeti "Vanaks Anatoomikumiks") Tartu Vanas Anatoomikumis. Kuraator Paul Rodgers. Osalejad Inglismaalt, Soomest, Saksamaalt, Leedust, Rumeeniast, Venemaalt, Šveitsist, Eestist

  11. Optimal Advance Selling Strategy under Price Commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Chenhang Zeng

    2012-01-01

    This paper considers a two-period model with experienced consumers and inexperienced consumers. The retailer determines both advance selling price and regular selling price at the beginning of the first period. I show that advance selling weekly dominates no advance selling, and the optimal advance selling price may be at a discount, at a premium or at the regular selling price. To help the retailer choose the optimal pricing strategy, conditions for each possible advance selling strategy to ...

  12. Tartu noored kunstnikud salapärasuse vaimustuses / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Noorte Kunstnike Näitusest Tartu Kunstnike Majas. Iseloomustatud Priit Pajose, Lauri Pajose, Margus Pumpa, Andres Sütevaka, Kaie Luige, Maris Palgi, Külli Suitso, Kadri Kängsepa, Peeter Krossmani, Saimi Kalevi Makkoneni, Kaarel Vulla, Katri Kuuski, Väike Tomi, Meiu Mündi, Karol Kagovere, Meta Narusbeli, Aili Penti, Kene Triive ja Raivo Irdi töid

  13. Tartu rahu(tus) / Igor Gräzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gräzin, Igor, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliikmest autor ei ole nõus president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ettepanekuga kaotada Eesti-Vene piirilepingu preambulist viide Tartu rahule. Tartu rahu olulisim osa on Eesti tunnistamine iseseisvaks kuni aegade otsani. Vt. samas juhtkiri: Mõnus preambul. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi arvamusest

  14. Tartu Ülikool 375 / interv. Rein Raudvere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Küsitlus: Mida on teile andnud Tartu Ülikool? Millest oleksite jäänud ilma, kui poleks olnud õnne õppida Tartu Ülikoolis? Vastavad: Tõnis Lukas, Hannes Kaljujärv, Aili Paju, Ain Kallis, Aarne Liiv ja Hans Trass. Vt. samas: EV ministrid TÜ vilistlased; Riigikogu liikmed TÜ vilistlased

  15. Selling the brand inside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Colin

    2002-01-01

    When you think of marketing, chances are your mind goes right to your customers--how can you persuade more people to buy whatever it is you sell? But there's another "market" that's equally important: your employees. Author Colin Mitchell argues that executives by and large ignore this critical internal audience when developing and executing branding campaigns. As a result, employees end up undermining the expectations set by the company's advertising--either because they don't understand what the ads have promised or because they don't believe in the brand and feel disengaged or, worse, hostile toward the company. Mitchell offers three principles for executing internal branding campaigns--techniques executives can use to make sure employees understand, embrace, and "live" the brand vision companies are selling to the public. First, he says, companies need to market to employees at times when the company is experiencing a fundamental challenge or change, times when employees are seeking direction and are relatively receptive to new initiatives. Second, companies must link their internal and external marketing campaigns; employees should hear the same messages that are being sent to the market-place. And third, internal branding campaigns should bring the brand alive for employees, creating an emotional connection to the company that transcends any one experience. Internal campaigns should introduce and explain the brand messages in new and attention-grabbing ways and then reinforce those messages by weaving them into the fabric of the company. It is a fact of business, writes Mitchell, that if employees do not care about or understand their company's brands, they will ultimately weaken their organizations. It's up to top executives, he says, to give them a reason to care.

  16. Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituut = University of Tartu Institute of Physics

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituudi hoone Tartus Viljandi mnt. 43, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Ott Kadarik, Mihkel Tüür, Kadri Tamme (Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid OÜ), Villem Tomiste (Stuudio Tallinn), insener Hugo Olak (AS Tari). Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2014

  17. Tartu Ülikooli Narva Kolledž = Narva College of the University of Tartu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Narva Kolledž Raekoja plats 2, valminud 2012. Eesti kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2013. Arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Katrin Koov, Indrek Peil (Kavakava), kaasautorid Heidi Urb, Andro Mänd, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Maarja Tüür, sisearhitekt Hannes Praks. Kaasa töötasid Kadri Tamme, Kristjan Holm, Liisi Murula, Toomas Pääsuke, Ahti Grünberg, Daniel Marius Reisser, Helen Sarapuu

  18. Kunstikriitiku professionaalne paranoia ja selle ravi / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Vastulause raamatu "20. sajandi mõttevoolud" (Tallinn ; Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus, 2009) arvustusele: Saar Johannes. 20. sajandi mõttevoolud : kogu talveks lugemist ja magamist. Eesti Päevaleht, 2009, 25. sept., lk. 12-13

  19. Regulatiivsus ja selle sisustamise problemaatika / Triinu Rauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rauk, Triinu, 1988-

    2013-01-01

    Haldustegevuse vormidest. Haldusaktist, haldusakti andmisest keeldumise regulatiivsest olemusest ja tuvastava haldusakti regulatiivsest olemusest. Artikkel põhineb autori 2013. a. Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas kaitstud magistritööl "Haldusakti, toimingu ja menetlustoimingu eristamise kriteeriumid ja vaidlustamine halduskohtus"

  20. Selgusi selle aasta parimad sportlased / Ketlin Bejaev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bejaev, Ketlin

    2006-01-01

    Tartu tänavune parim meessportlane on karate maailmameister Marko Luhamaa, tema treener Jüri Post pälvis aasta treeneri tiitli. Parimaks naissportlaseks tunnistati laskeorienteerumise maailmameister Eveli Saue

  1. Tartu koolkond ajakirjade kujundajana 1930-1940 / Merle Talvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvik, Merle, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Õppesüsteemist ja graafika õpetamisest Pallase Kõrgemas Kunstikoolis. Tartu kunstnikud ajakirjade kujundajana: Nikolai Triik, Ernst Kollom, Arkadio Laigu, Natalie Mei, Ado Vabbe, Ott Kangilaski, Hando Mugasto, Eduard Wiiralt, Peet Aren, Jaan Vahtra, Rudolf Paris, Agu Peerna jt

  2. Armastusest ja ebausust Tartu Toomkirikus / Katre Väli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väli, Katre

    2007-01-01

    13. juulil esietendus Emajõe Suveteatris "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees". Victor Hugo romaani järgi tegi instseneeringu Urmas Lennuk, lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov, kujundus Iir Hermeliinilt. Mängitakse Tartu Toomkiriku varemetes

  3. Jumalaema kiriku kellamees tuli Tartu Toome varemetesse / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    13. juulil esietendus Emajõe Suveteatris "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees". Victor Hugo romaani järgi tegi instseneeringu Urmas Lennuk, lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov. Mängitakse Tartu Toomkiriku varemetes

  4. Tartu keemiafirma kolimine Jõgevamaale viibib / Väinu Rozental

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Mayeri Industries juhid Imre Freiberg ja Peeter Laurson selgitavad, miks pole ettevõte lubatud tähtajaks tootmist Tartust Tabiverre üle viinud. Lisa: Tartu Florast sai Mayeri Industries. Diagramm: Mayeri prognoosib kasumi kahekordistumist

  5. Experience in CCD Photometry at the Tartu Observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuvikene T.

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available We give overview of the CCD instrumentation and data reduction techniques used at the Tartu Observatory. The first results from photometric observations of the peculiar variable V838 Mon are presented.

  6. Pallas näitab teed Tartu skulptuurile / Ahti Seppet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppet, Ahti, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Näitus "Pallase skulptuur" Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Eksponeeritakse Ferdi Sannamehe, Eduard Wiiralti, Johannes Hirve, August Vommi, Martin Saksa, Roman Timotheuse, Herman Halliste, Lydia Laasi, Alfred Leiuse, Enn Roosi jt. kunstnike töid

  7. Uudised : Tartu meenutab Pushkinit. Erki Pehk dirigentide esireas / Marge Rennit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rennit, Marge

    1999-01-01

    Juuni algul etendub Tartu linnakodaniku muuseumis N. Rimski-Korsakovi Pushkini-aineline ooper "Mozart ja Salieri". E. Pehk pääses Prantsusmaal toimunud rahvusvahelise dirigentide konkursi (Concours International de Chefs d'Orchestre) finaali

  8. Teoloogiatudengite meditsiiniteemalised oratsioonid Tartu Academia Gustavianas / Kaarina Rein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Kaarina

    2010-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli esimese meditsiiniprofessori Johannes Belowi professuurist Academia Gustavianas (1632-1642) ning sel ajal peetud kahest interdistsiplinaarsest oratsioonist meditsiini ja teoloogia vallas, mis on esimesteks meditsiinialasteks töödeks Academia Gustavianas

  9. Tartu kirikuid ja kogudusi aegade kestel / Richard Koolmeister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koolmeister, Richard

    1980-01-01

    Tartu kirikute ehituslugu alates 11. saj. Viiteid kroonikatele (Vene letopissid, Läti Henriku kroonika). Pikemalt juttu 13. saj. ehitatud Toomakirikust, Maria, Peetri, Pauluse ja Jaani kirikust. Ka kloostrikirikutest

  10. Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi ja Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu postkaardikomplektidest / Vilve Asmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asmer, Vilve

    2003-01-01

    Rets.: Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum = Estonian Literary Museum : [10 postkaarti haruldastest trükistest / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ; koost. Imbi Pelkonen, Heino Räim]. Tartu, 1999.Tartu. Linn ja linnarahvas : 16 fotot klaasplaatnegatiividelt = Tartu. City and citizen : 16 photos from glass plate negatives. I, 1902-1940 / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ; [koost. Vilve Asmer]. Tartu, 2002.Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu : [postkaardikomplekt raamatukogu varadest ; kaartide pöördel Eesti Raamatu Aasta logo ; koost. Elna Hansson, Mare Rand, Rein Saukas. Tartu, 2000]. 8 kaarti ümbrises

  11. Show and Sell: Teaching Sales through Hands-On Selling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rippé, Cindy B.

    2015-01-01

    There is a shortage of qualified salespeople, which creates a challenge for educators to prepare more students for a sales career. One of the most common teaching techniques used in preparing students is role playing, which mirrors real-world selling. However, role plays are not necessarily authentic because the players and conditions are not a…

  12. K. Linda Kivi autoriõhtu Tartu College´is / Eda Sepp ; fotod: Eda Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Eda

    2006-01-01

    19. jaanuaril 2006, Linda Kivi kolmanda raamatu "The Inner Green: Exploring Home in the Columbia Mountains" raamatuesitlusest. Korraldajateks Toronto Ülikooli Eesti Õppetool, Tartu Instituut, Tartu College´i laenuraamatukogu

  13. Tapa ja Tartu vaksal ärkavad uuele elule / Rein Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sikk, Rein, 1961-

    2011-01-01

    Tapa vaksalihoone (1928) renoveerimise, uute perroonide rajamise, raudteepargi kordategemise plaanidest, vana auruveduri taastamisest. Tartu linn toetab 100 000 euroga Tartu vaksalihoone (1877) muinsuskaitse all olevate ootesaalide ehitust ja algupärasel kujul taastamist

  14. Inimgeograafid aitavad Tartu linna nutikaks muuta / Rein Ahas ; intervjueerinud Merilyn Säde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahas, Rein, 1966-2018

    2016-01-01

    TÜ geograafide, Tartu linnavalitsuse, Tartu Smart City Lab-i ja Rakvere Targa Maja koostöös osaletakse Euroopa Liidu suurprojektis SmartEnCity, mis aitab Tartul energiatõhusamaks ja nutikamaks saada

  15. Tartu ehk unbewusste Ängste / Rauno Thomas Moss ; interv. Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moss, Rauno Thomas, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Rauno Thomas Mossi (1977) näitus "Silent Tartu aka Clinical" Vaal galeriis. Kunstniku eluloolisi andmeid, loomingust, alasti mehekeha kujutamisest. Töötab Tartu Ülikoolis joonistamise ja plastilise anatoomia õppejõuna. Tema lemmikkunstnikud

  16. Tartu meer õigustab küsitavat maatehingut / Laine Jänes ; interv. Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Laine, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu linnapea vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud Tartu linnavalitsuse maadevahetuse tehinguga Reformierakonnaga seotud ettevõtjate Verni Loodmaa, Kalev Kase ja Alar Kroodo firmaga Kvintett Kinnisvara

  17. Tartu linna kultuuriturunduse strateegia põhimõtetest / Katriin Fish-Uibopuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fish-Uibopuu, Katriin

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: International cultural marketing conference : November 3-4, 2005, Tartu : a collection of speeches. Tartu linna kultuuriturunduse strateegia väljatöötamisest, põhimõtetest ja eesmärkidest

  18. Tartu Kevadpäevad 2008 : Nädalajagu muusikat igale maitsele / Signe Tamberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamberg, Signe

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Kevadpäevad 2008 muusikaprogrammis: 34. tudengilaulu võistlusest 29. apr. Tartu Sadamateatris, öölaulupeost 28. apr. Kassitoome orus, kontsertidest "Rokime!" 2. mail ja "Folgime" 3. mail Raekoja platsil

  19. Raivo Puusepp : Tartu kaubamaja idealistlik autor / Raivo Puusepp ; interv. Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Raivo, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitekt Raivo Puusepaga äsjavalminud Tartu kaubamaja arhitektuurist, kõrghoonetest Tallinnas. Raivo Puusepa lühibiograafia. Oleg Sapozhnin Raivo Puusepast. Linnart Mäll, Enriko Talvistu ja Merle Jääger Tartu kaubamajast

  20. Andrus Ansip seadis Tallinna-Tartu maantee riigi prioriteetide hulka / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansip sõnas Riigikogu infotunnis, et Tallinn-Tartu maantee on olnud riigi jaoks prioriteet ning aastani 2013 Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondidest Eestile laekuvast 52 miljardist kroonist on riigil kavas Tartu maanteesse investeerida 4,5 miljardit krooni

  1. Kuusalu vallavanem Herko Sunts otsustas kandideerida Tartu maavanemaks / Herko Sunts ; interv. Ülle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sunts, Herko

    2004-01-01

    Kuusalu vallavanem põhjendab kandideerimist Tartu maavanemaks ja annab hinnangu oma tööle vallavanemana. Kommentaar Kuusalu vallavolikogu esimehelt Kalmer Märtsonilt. Vt. samas: Tartu maavanema kandidaadid

  2. Tekst ja subjekt. Tartu koolkonna teine põlvkond / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Lotman, Mihhail. Mandelshtam i Pasternak : popõtka kontrastivnoi poetiki. Tallinn : Aleksandra, 1996. (Biblioteka zhurnala Tallinn); Torop, Peeter. Dostojevski : istorija i ideologija. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 1997

  3. Ledjanõje kopii izvestnõh pamjatnikov pojavilis v Tartu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kuus meeskonda Tartu Kõrgemast Kunstikoolist, Tartu Ülikoolist ja Tartu lastekunstikoolist lõikasid välja jääskulptuure, mis kopeerisid Eestimaa tuntud monumente. Võidutöö autor oli Kalev Järvik taiesega ±Energia¬. Tema töö on koopia Riho Kulla Narvas asuvast samanimelisest skulptuurist

  4. Tartu rahu 90. aastapäeva pidustused / fotografeerinud Sille Annuk, Margus Ansu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Mart Reiniku gümnaasiumis avati Tartu rahu tuba, kooli seinal avati Jaan Poska bareljeef, Eesti Post esitles ERMi postimuuseumis Tartu rahu aastapäevale pühendatud marki (kujundanud Vladimir Taiger), president Toomas Hendrik Ilves asetas pärja Julius Kuperjanovi hauale, Tartu rahu maja kõrval toimus kõnekoosolek

  5. Tartu kunstikuud ääristavad raamid ruumides ja vabas õhus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Festivali "tARTu kunstikuu" 2007 üritusi tutvustavad ning Tartu kunstielust räägivad Reet Mark, Raimu Hanson, Mart Kivastik, Margus Kiis, Külli Aleksanderson. Pikemalt Henry Timuski tuleskulptuuridest, maaliklassikast koopiate maalimisest, festivali mõjust Tartu kunstielule, Mart Kivastiku näidendist "Kits viiuli ja õngega", Norra tantsukompanii Wee tantsulavastustest

  6. Doktoritöö Tartu Ülikooli Kunstimuuseumi valandikogust / Aira Võsa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsa, Aira, 1974-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Jaanika Anderson. Reception of ancient art: the cast collections of the University of Tartu art museum in the historical, ideological and academic context of Europe (1803-1918). Tartu : University of Tartu Press, 2015. (Dissertationes studiorum graecorum et latinorum Universitatis Tartuensis ; 7)

  7. Learning in Advance Selling with Heterogeneous Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Oksana Loginova; X. Henry Wang; Chenhang Zeng

    2012-01-01

    The advance selling strategy is implemented when a firm offers consumers the opportunity to order its product in advance of the regular selling season. Advance selling reduces uncertainty for both the firm and the buyer and enables the firm to update its forecast of future demand. The distinctive feature of the present study of advance selling is that we divide consumers into two groups, experienced and inexperienced. Experienced consumers know their valuations of the product in advance, whil...

  8. Tänavune Nobeli meditsiinipreemia puudutab Tartu Ülikooli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tänavune Nobeli füsioloogia ja meditsiinipreemia määrati Austraalia teadlastele, kes 1982. a. avastasid maos uue bakteri Helicobacter pylori. Tartu Ülikoolis on Helicobacter pylori infektsiooniga seotud teemadel kaitstud 15 meditsiinidoktori väitekirja

  9. Ligi on vastu erarahaga Tartu maantee ehitamisele / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2011-01-01

    Rahandusminister Jürgen Ligi suhtub eitavalt ettepanekusse ehitada Tartu maantee Kose-Mäo lõik valmis erasektori raha toel, tema sõnul on PPP-projekti (avaliku ja erasektori koostöö) eesmärk reeglina varjata riigi võlgu elamist

  10. Archaeological investigations at Lossi 15, Tartu / Andes Tvauri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tvauri, Andres, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Arheoloogilised eeluuringud toimusid seoses Tartu Muusikakooli juurdeehitusega. Leiti hoone jäänused, mille rusukihi seest saadud leiud pärinevad Vene-Liivi sõja ajast. 1,4 m sügavusel maapinnast leiti munakivisillutis. Kogutud leiumaterjal koosneb valdavalt 16.-18. sajandi keraamikast

  11. Tartu Waldorf-keskus : arhitektuurne ideekonkurss / Mikk Pärdi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärdi, Mikk

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistluse eesmärgiks oli leida terviklik lahendus Tartu Waldorf-keskusele: lasteaed, 12-klassiline kool ja sotsiaalkeskus. Rudolf Steinerist ja lühidalt Waldorf-pedagoogikast. Waldorf-koolide arhitektuurist. Võistlustöödest, I preemia pälvinud tööst "Birch" (Joachim Zimmer, Imme Denker, Saksamaa)

  12. Tartu rahvusvaheliseks kunstilinnaks! / Kaisa Eiche ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eiche, Kaisa, 1982-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu kunstikuu organisaator Kaisa Eiche 8. septembrist 2. oktoobrini 2010 toimuvast kunstikuust-festivalist "ART IST KUKU NU UT", mille teine korraldaja on Rael Artel. Pikemalt trükisest "ART IST KUKU NU UT" ja 8. septembril Y-galeriis avatavast Rael Arteli kureeritud rahvusvahelisest näitusest "Lisa 6. Nähtamatu käe poliitika" (osalejad loetletud)

  13. Lennuk Tartu kohal pani aluse esimesele Eesti filmistuudiole / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2005-01-01

    Johannes Pääsukese (1892-1918) "Utotškini lendamised Tartu kohal 14. ja 15. aprillil 1912", mis on seni teadaolevalt esimene eestlase filmitud kroonikapala. Lisatud tabelid "Esimene film" ja "Meie naabrite esimesed", mis toovad ära aastad, mil maailma eri riikides sündis esimene kinofilm

  14. Kirstukaunistused Münnichite hauakambrist Tartu Jaani kirikus / Aive Viljus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viljus, Aive

    2010-01-01

    Tartu Jaani kirikus toimunud arheoloogiliste kaevamistööde käigus von Münnichite suguvõsa hauakambrist leitud 18. sajandist pärit kirstude ehisdetailide konserveerimisest, nende valmistamisel kasutatud materjalidest ja teostustehnikatest ning kahjustuse ulatusest

  15. Tartu Ülikool esitleb juubelialbumit ja dokumentaalfilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli 375. aastapäeva puhul esitletakse ülikooli kohvikus kinkeraamatut "Universitas Tartuensis 375" ja samanimelise dokumentaalfilmi DVD-d. Viimase stsenaristideks on Jaak Lõhmus ja Lauri Vahtre, režissöörideks Rene Vilbre ja Märten Vaher

  16. Saku ja Tartu õlletehased kasvatasid turuosa / Kadri Masing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Masing, Kadri

    2005-01-01

    AS Saku Õlletehas on aastaga kasvatanud turuosa 41,4%-lt 44,6 protsendile ning AS A.Le Coq Tartu Õlletehas 34-lt 35,6 protsendile. Väiksemate tootjate turuosad on langenud. Diagramm: Kaks suurt võtavad turu

  17. Wilde'i suvenäitus Tartu kuurordis = Wilde's summer exhibition at the Tartu resort / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek, 1981-

    2015-01-01

    Kunstniketrio Kristiina Hansen, Sigrid Viir ja Johannes Säre ühisnäitus "Bussijaamas lõdisev Kim Wilde ümiseb..." Tartu Kunstimaja monumentaalgaleriis. Tõmmatakse paralleele eelmisel aastal Haapsalu Linnagaleriis toimunud samade autorite näitusega "Pjotr Iljitš Tšaikovski kohtub päikesetõusul..."

  18. Supplementary income. Direct selling in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roesner, Sven

    2014-01-01

    This document treats, first, of the evolution of the German support mechanisms to renewable energy sources. Then, it presents the legal framework of direct electricity selling (goal, evolution, facilities in concern and eligibility criteria). Next, the operation of direct selling since August 2014 in Germany is presented (producers eligibility, over- and under-production, reference values, income, tariffs). Finally, the perspectives and conditions of direct selling success are summarized in the conclusion

  19. Tartu maalikoolkonna entusiastlik väljendus (1962-1985) / Krista Sõster

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sõster, Krista

    2010-01-01

    Vaadeldakse Tartu professionaalsete maalikunstnike veidi tähelepanuta jäänud monumentaalteoseid. Detailsemalt on kirjeldatud Lagle Israeli merekividest mosaiikpannoosid "Eestlaste muistne tähistaevas" (1962-1964) Tõravere observatooriumis ja "Viljandi ürgorg" (1968-1982) EPA-s, Ilmar Malini pannood "Strata vitae" (1970-1973) Zooloogia ja Botaanika Instituudis ja "Lehed ajas" (1983) Tartu Postimehe toimetuses, Elmar Kitse segatehnikas sgrafiitopannood (1965) restoranis "Tarvas" ning ukraina kunstnik V. Tovtini mosaiikseina (1974) Tartu katseremonditehases

  20. Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu inkunaablite kollektsioon täienes / Kaspar Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Kaspar

    2010-01-01

    Kaks kaanetäidisest eraldatud trükise kaksiklehte viisid Tartu uurija prantsuse dominiiklase Petrus de Palude jutlustekogumikuni. Dr. Sven Kuttner Müncheni ülikooli raamatukogust võrdles Tartu fragmendist tehtud digikoopiat ja Müncheni ülikooli raamatukogu valduses olevat eksemplari ning andis omapoolse positiivse kinnituse. Fragment on kataloogitud Tartu e-kataloogis ESTER ja see on arvatud 49. numbri all TÜR-i inkunaablite kollektsiooni

  1. Raamaturott pääses lahti Tartu Loodusmajja / Andrus Okas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okas, Andrus

    2014-01-01

    Loodusteemalisi raamatuid ja lauamängu tutvustab Andrus Okas Tartu Loodusmajast: Marvet, Ann. Metsa-, soo- ja niiduaabits : Eesti taimekoosluste määraja (Tallinn : Varrak, 2014). Vilbaste, Kristel. Jõhvikas (Tallinn : Varrak, 2014). Hermann, Elo; Nelk, Marge. Eesti lindude värviraamat. I osa Eesti ([Tartu] : Eesti Ornitoloogiaühing, 2014). Hermann, Elo; Nelk, Marge. Linnumäng : kümme kaardimängu lindude tundmaõppimiseks ([Tartu] : Eesti Ornitoloogiaühing, 2014)

  2. Lutshsheje strojenije 2002 goda v Tartu / Helmi Sakkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakkov, Helmi

    2003-01-01

    Parim uusehitis: Eesti Metodisti Kiriku Tartu koguduse kirik (Kolde Grupp, arhitekt-sisekujundaja I. Allmann, valgustid: T. Luisk), korterelamu - Näituse 22b (Arhitektuuribüroo Kalle Rõõmus, arhitekt K. Renter), üksikelamu - Sepa 9a (Tahukas OÜ), rekonstrueeritud ehitis: H. Treffneri gümnaasium (Lunge & KO, arhitekt A. Lunge, sisekujundaja T. Kadarik), 2 äramärgitud hoonet

  3. Tartu uutest paralleelrajoonidest Emajõe kaldal / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2007-01-01

    Kvissentali ja Siili tänava uuselamurajoonidest Tartus. Siili t. 42 ja 44 eramutest, mille arhitektiks on Andres Kadarik (OÜ Tahukas). Tartu 2006. a. parimateks uuselamu projektideks tunnistatud kolmest majast Kvissentali rajoonis: eramust Tüürimehe t. 3 (Ain Padrik, AB Künnapu & Padrik OÜ), Kapteni t. 4 (Andres Kadarik, OÜ Tahukas) ja Pootsmani t. 14 (Uko Künnap, OÜ U-Disain). 12 värv. vaadet

  4. Intellektuaalomand ja selle kuuluvus tarkvaraarenduslepingutes : [magistritöö] / Taavi Viilol ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mario Rosentau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viilol, Taavi

    2014-01-01

    Mõistetest, eritarkvara arenduslepingutest, intellektuaalomandi seadusjärgsest kuuluvusest, käsutatavatest IO õigustest ja nende üleminekust, autoriõigusest, kaubamärgiseaduse kohaldatavusest tarkvarale, tööstusdisainilahendusest, patendist

  5. The Advanced Course in Professional Selling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loe, Terry; Inks, Scott

    2014-01-01

    More universities are incorporating sales content into their curriculums, and although the introductory courses in professional sales have much common ground and guidance from numerous professional selling texts, instructors teaching the advanced selling course lack the guidance provided by common academic tools and materials. The resulting…

  6. Selling science to the public

    CERN Document Server

    Catapano, Paola

    1997-01-01

    Science popularization is ÒtheÓ tool to bridge the gap between society at large and the world of science. Compared to formal science communication Ð science taught in schools Ð informal science communication, made by the TV, the press, Òscience centresÓ and visits to scientific laboratories, has an important advantage: it makes the public meet science in a direct, informal way and on its own terms. The public is given an opportunity to develop a personal relationship with science, according to the needs, interests and abilities of the individual. But selling science is a tough job. The object of the sale is not a consumer good, but rather ideas and concepts that are sometimes so complex and distant from common sense that translating them into a comprehensible language and creating interest in the public without betraying the scientific truth is almost impossible. In the research work conducted for the thesis the importance of adopting a marketing approach in science communication is presented. Any scien...

  7. Akadeemik Jevgeni Viktorovitš Tarle - Tartu Ülikooli üldajaloo professor 1913-1918 / Ljudmila Dubjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dubjeva, Ljudmila, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvaheliselt tunnustatud ajaloolase Jevgeni Tarle valimisest Tartu ülikooli professoriks 1912. Hans Kruusi meenutustest Tarlest Tartu ülikooli õppejõuna. Tartu periood oli Tarle elus suhteliselt vähemtähtis lõik. Ta lahkus Tartust 1918. aastal siirdudes Petrogradi

  8. Pärimisõiguse põhimõtete rakendamise ulatus Eesti pärimisõiguses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Urve Liin ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liin, Urve, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Kaitses 29. 11. 2006. a. Tartu Ülikoolis. - Koosneb U. Liini publikatsioonidest: On reform of Estonian succession law // Juridica International. III. Tartu, 1998, lk. 105-109 ; Pärimisõiguse põhimõtetest // Juridica (1999) nr. 3, lk. 141-147 ; Grundzüge des neuen estnischen Erbrechts // Jahrbuch für Ostrecht, Band 41/2. München, 2000, lk. 261-281 (kaasautor: Hausmann, Rainer) ; Abikaasa seadusjärgse pärimisõiguse reform Eestis Euroopa arengute taustal // Juridica (1998) nr. 4, lk. 174-180 ; Laws of succession in Europe and Estonia : how we got to where we are and where we should be heading // Juridica International. VI. Tartu, 2001, lk. 114-124 ; Testeerimisvõime vanuselisest alampiirist Eesti pärimisseaduses // Juridica (2000) nr. 6, lk. 343-350 ; Abikaasade vastastikusest testamendist // Juridica (2001) nr. 1, lk. 35-45 (kaasautor: Nagel, Ursula) ; Pärimisleping ja selle seosed võlaõigusega // Juridica (2003) nr. 10, lk. 697-707 ; Pärandi üleminek pärijale: vastuvõtusüsteem versus loobumissüsteem // Juridica (2003) nr. 1, lk. 45-56

  9. Vabastajad või vallutajad? Siseasjade Rahvakomissariaadi Tartu Linnaosakonna tegevusest 1944. aastal / Pearu Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Pearu, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu linnas ja maakonnas rinde üleliikumise järel valitsenud olukorrast 1944. aastal : opratiivgruppide moodustamisest, SARK-i Tartu osakonna tegevuse algusest, elanikkonna registreerimisest, operatiiv-agentuurtöö käivitamisest, arreteerimistest, sõjaväelaste omavolist ja marodöörlusest

  10. "Improvizz" toob Tartu Ülikooli aula lavale improvisatsiooniorkestri / Karin Palo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palo, Karin

    2005-01-01

    Neljandast rahvusvahelisest improvisatsioonilise muusika festivalist "Improvizz" (festivali peakorraldajaks Aleksander Sünter). Kontserdid: "Opera Kit" 4. märtsil Tartu Sadamateatris, 5. märtsil Tartu Sadamateatris, 6. märtsil TÜ Ajaloomuuseumis, 6. märtsil "Ettearvamatu lõppkontsert" TÜ aulas

  11. On critical art and art criticism in Tartu, sept 2010 / Jaak Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Jaak, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Kaisa Eiche ja Rael Arteli korraldatud Tartu kaasaegse kunsti festivalist (kunstikuust) ja nende koostatud trükisest "ART IST KUKU NU UT 2010". Festivali raames oli Y-galeriis avatud Rael Arteli kureeritud rahvusvaheline näitus "Lisa 6. Nähtamatu käe poliitika". 2. Artishoki biennaalist Tartu Kunstimajas, kuraator Kati Ilves

  12. Treffneri hoone pälvis Tartu aasta teo tiitli / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Viiendat korda välja antud Tartu aasta teo konkursi aunimetuse pälvis tänavu Huga Treffneri gümnaasiumi renoveeritud hoone, sümboliseerides vajadust anda rohkem raha haridusele. Tartu linnapea Andrus Ansipi sõnul kuulub see hoone praegu Euroopa kümne parima gümnaasiumihoone hulka

  13. TECHNICAL AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF SHORT SELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu BORES

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at providing insight into some of the implication of short selling for markets, investors as well as regulators. Findings show that capital flows are adversely affected by strict regulation and bans of short sales, while market liquidity, and bid-ask spread can be improved by allowing short selling. Additionally portfolios that incorporate short selling strategies can have lower volatility in returns. The informational content of short sales can provide important feedback for informed investors and lead to better price discovery.

  14. Selling to the moneyed masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Paul F; Johnson, Brian A; Breene, R Timothy S

    2004-01-01

    Over the past decade, the distribution of household incomes has shifted so much that a much larger proportion of consumers now earn significantly higher-than-average incomes--while still falling short of being truly rich. As a result, what used to be a no-man's-land for new product introductions has in many categories become an extremely profitable "new middle ground." How can marketers capitalize on this new territory? The key, say the authors, is to rethink the positioning and design of offerings and the ways they can be brought to market. Take, for instance, how Procter & Gamble redefined the positioning map for tooth-whitening solutions. A decade ago, dental centers were popularizing expensive bleaching techniques that put the price of a professionally brightened smile in the 400 dollars range. At the low end, consumers also had the choice of whitening toothpastes that cost anywhere from 2 dollars to 8 dollars. P&G wisely positioned itself between the two ends, successfully targeting the new mass market with its 35 dollars Whitestrips. In product categories where it's clear the middle ground has already been populated, it's important for companies to design or redesign offerings to compete. An example is the Polo shirt. How do you sell a man yet another one after he's bought every color he wants? Add some features, and call it a golf shirt. Here, marketers have introduced designs based on the concept of "occasional use" in order to stand out. Finally, companies wishing to reach the "almost rich" can change how they go to market. Perhaps no mass retailer has made a stronger bid for the mass affluent than Target Stores, which has pioneered a focus the company itself characterizes as upscale discount. The strategy has made Target an everyday shopping phenomenon among well-heeled urbanites and prosperous professionals.

  15. Censoring and Selling Film Noir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheri Chinen Biesen

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Film noir is known for its duplicity. Industry censors considered 1940s noir cinema provocative, salacious and ‘sordid.’ Hollywood studios walked a fine line between appearing to comply with Hays office Production Code censorship while simultaneously pushing the envelope of its moral constraints, then hyping and sensationalizing censorable sex, violence and hard-hitting themes to sell noir films to the public. In fact, studios capitalized on the racy explicit nature of noir pictures in publicity contradicting assurances of censorial compliance. For instance, censor Joseph Breen was “shocked” when MGM purchased James Cain’s The Postman Always Rings Twice. It was banned for a decade. Yet, ten years later as filmmakers adapted hardboiled fiction, Breen assured religious groups it would “not be offensive.” Yet, it was promoted as “torrid,” “too hot to handle” with Lana Turner in a bathing suit finding “Love at Laguna Beach” with hunky John Garfield who clamored, “You must be a she-devil,” suggesting far more sex, skin and “savage boldness” than is shown in the film. Film noir responded to Production Code censorship and other regulatory factors, including Office of War Information Bureau of Motion Pictures restrictions on Hollywood screen depictions of the domestic American home front (or overseas combat front, and Office of Censorship strictures such as a wartime ban on screen gangsters as ‘un-American’ for propaganda purposes in World War II-era noir films centering on criminals. These multiple censorship entities often collided. This regulatory climate catalyzed the development of film noir, a dark cycle of shadowy 1940s-50s crime films that boomed by World War II and evolved over the postwar era. I will investigate extensive primary archival research—including scripts, memos from industry censors, writers, directors, producers, and publicity records—to compare how film noir was censored and sold.

  16. Perceived Organisational Target Selling, Self- Efficacy, Sexual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... Data were gathered using a self report questionnaire consisting of scales measuring variables in the study. Self efficacy, job insecurity, sexual harassment and target selling significantly jointly ...

  17. Facebook marketing for a direct selling company

    OpenAIRE

    Egeberg, Chenette

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis was to provide recommendations for how the studied company could improve their Facebook marketing activities. The company was the Danish subsidiary of an multinational direct selling company of health and beauty products. The following research questions were devised: 1) What are the constraints and challenges for LR Denmark’s facebook marketing as a subsidiary of a Multinational Corporation and as a Direct Selling Company? 2) How can LR Denmark improve the...

  18. Short-Selling, Leverage and Systemic Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Amelia; Stork, Philip A.

    2013-01-01

    During the Global Financial Crisis, regulators imposed short-selling bans to protect financial institutions. The rationale behind the bans was that “bear raids”, driven by short-sellers, would increase the individual and systemic risk of financial institutions, especially for institutions with high leverage. This study uses Extreme Value Theory to estimate the effect of short-selling on financial institutions’ individual and systemic risks in France, Italy and Spain; it also analyses the rela...

  19. Reconsidering Kantian arguments against organ selling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpinar-Şencan, Zümrüt

    2016-03-01

    Referring to Kant's arguments addressing the moral relationship between our bodies and ourselves is quite common in contemporary debate about organ selling, although he does not provide us with any specific arguments related to this debate. It is widely argued that the most promising way to show the moral impermissibility of organ selling is to mount an argument on Kantian grounds. This paper asks whether it is possible to argue coherently against organ selling in a Kantian framework. It will be shown that by mounting the argument on Kantian grounds no compelling argument can be given against sale of organs, either because the arguments apply to donation of organs, too, or the arguments are not convincing for other independent reasons. In the first section, it will be argued that donation and selling are not distinguishable in a Kantian framework, since the concern about commodification of the body and its parts shall be raised by both actions. In the second section, some contemporary accounts inspired by Kant will be presented and discussed separately. It will be argued that the reasons for promoting organ donation while arguing against selling clash with each other in an unconvincing way.

  20. Housing differences in the late soviet city : the case of Tartu, Estonia / Hill Kulu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulu, Hill

    2003-01-01

    Autor teeb 1989. aasta rahvaloenduse andmetele tuginedes ülevaate Tartu elanikkonna eluasemete omandivormidest, elamistingimuste erinevustest ning seda mõjutavatest teguritest nõukogude perioodi lõpul. Diagrammid ja tabelid

  1. Raadi mõis Tartu Ülikooli teenistuses / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    2010-01-01

    1921. aastal kinkis Eesti Vabariik Raadi mõisa Tartu Ülikoolile, hooneid ja maid hakkas kasutama põllumajandusteaduskond, härrastemaja anti Eesti Rahva Muuseumi käsutusse. Põllumajanduslike katsejaamade rajamine Raadile.

  2. Varemed ja aiad : barokk-kirjanduse esteetika Bernard Kangro Tartu-romaanides / Maarja Hollo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hollo, Maarja

    2014-01-01

    Tuuakse välja barokk-kirjanduse ja Bernard Kangro romaanide olulisemad ühisjooned ning peatutakse Walter Benjamini allegooriakäsitlustel, mille valguses analüüsitakse Tartu-romaanides esinevaid allegoorilisi stseene

  3. Tartu füüsikud registreerisid valguse kiirusest kiiremad lained / Herki Köbas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köbas, Herki

    1997-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli füüsikute P. Saari ja K. Reivelti publikatsioon maailma mainekamas füüsikauudiste ajakirjas "Physical Review Letters". Valgusekiirusest suurema kiirusega liikuvate lainete registreerimine

  4. Tartu teadlased avastasid taimedel ammu otsitud põuakindluse geeni / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli teadlased said koostöös Helsingi ja California San Diego ülikooli kolleegidega maha tähtas avastusega, mis tõotab aluse panna senisest kuivakindlamate põllukultuuride aretamisele

  5. Ajalooteadus Tartu Ülikoolis 19. sajandi lõpul - 20. sajandi algul / Ljudmilla Dubjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dubjeva, Ljudmila, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ajalooteaduse arengu üldtendentsidest vaadeldaval perioodil. Vene ajaloo õppetoolist Tartu Ülikoolis 19. sajandi lõpus ja 20. sajandi alguses. Vene ajaloo uurijatest teistes õppetoolides. Keskaja ajaloo õppetoolist ja uusaja ajaloo õppetoolist.

  6. Tartu Pauluse kirik - made in Finland. Taastatud eksklusiivsemalt kui algupäraselt ehitatud / Egle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Egle, 1969-

    2016-01-01

    Eliel Saarinen kavandatud Tartu Pauluse kiriku renoveerimisest. 2006. aastal korraldatud konkursi võitsid soome arhitektid Merja Nieminen ja Kari Järvinen. Renoveerimisel kujunes keskseks Saarineni vaimu ja vormikeele tabamine

  7. Graafik Ilse Leetaru Tallinna ja Tartu kunstimuuseumidele kingitud kunstiteosed näitusel Tartus / Airi Vaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaga, Airi, 1940-

    2004-01-01

    valiknäitus "Ilse Leetaru. Kingitused" Eesti parimate kunstnike teostest I. Leetaru väärtuslikust kunstikollektsioonist koos tema enda loominguga on avatud 8. juulist 8. augustini 2004 Tartu Kunstimuuseumis

  8. Archaeological investigations at the former building of Academia Gustaviana (Jaani Street 8) in Tartu / Andres Tvauri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tvauri, Andres, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Kaevamised näitasid, et 1582. aastal krundi enda valdusesse saanud Andreas Orzehowski on lasknud seal paiknenud hoone lammutada ning ehitanud uue maja, milles hiljem tegutses Tartu Ülikooli eellane Academia Gustaviana

  9. Laurentius Ludenius (1592-1654), Greifswaldi ja Tartu Ülikooli professor / Katre Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Katre, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Ka õigusteadusest - 1621. a. promoveeriti Ludenius (Lorenz Luden) Greifswaldis mõlema õiguse doktoriks (utriusque iuris doctor), 1636. a. promoveeriti Tartu Ülikooli teiseks juuraprofessoriks, 1639. a. nimetati ta õigusteaduskonna dekaaniks

  10. Majad kohanesid kameeleonina ajaga : millised oleksid võinud Tartu hooned olla / Mari-Liis Pintson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pintson, Mari-Liis

    2008-01-01

    Tartusse ehitatud hoonete esialgsest ning lõplikust väliskujust. Tasku (Koma), Plasku, GMP Plaza hoonetest, Tartu Kaubamajast, Vabaduse sillast. Kommenteerivad arhitektid Andres Lunge, Kalle Rõõmus, Tiit Sild

  11. ??? - Bern 1935 - Tartu 1995 : [Protokolõ sionskihh mudretsov] / Kristiina Ross ; ter.: Majana Abramson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    1996-01-01

    Sisu: Tartu 1995; 'Protokolõ' kak takovõje; Original 'Protokolov'; Predõstorija sozdanija mifa o pokorenii mira jevrejami - volnõmi kamenshtshikami; 'Protokolõ' v ideologitsheskom hodu; 'Protokolõ' i natsism; Bern 1935-1937

  12. Tartu ülikooli kunstikabinet ja "kuldsed kuuekümnendad" / Kaljo Põllu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põllu, Kaljo

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli kunstikabinet Juhan Püttsepa (aastatel 1957-1962) ja Kaljo Põllu (aastatel 1962-1972) juhtimisel. Kunstnike rühmitusest "Visarid", Kaljo Põllu varasemast loomingust ja tõekspidamistest

  13. Kuldkala lugu tõi Tartu noortele filmijatele üleeuroopalise tunnustuse / Merilyn Merisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merisalu, Merilyn

    2008-01-01

    Üleeuroopalisel lühifilmikonkursil "Keeled läbi objektiivi" said parima filmi ja publiku lemmiku preemia Tartu Ülikooli tudengid Richard Meitern, Martin Liira ja Urmas Reisberg lühimängufilmiga "No Fishing"

  14. Jõgeva maakonda toob traadita raadionetiühenduse Tartu firma / Madis Aesma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aesma, Madis

    2006-01-01

    Külatee 3 programmi maapiirkondade internetivõrguga katmise hanke Jõgevamaa osas võitnud Tartu firma Kernel hakkab Jõgevamaal sellest suvest pakkuma ülikõrgsagedusliku raadioside teel levivat internetiühendust

  15. Annetustest Tartu linnale ja ülikoolile 19. sajandil / Sirje Tamul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamul, Sirje, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    1860. aastate alguses toetas Tartu teenijaskonda magistraadi juures registreeritud Pereiralegat. 1868. aasta annakud Wilhelmine Pereiralt olid määratud Tartu linnale ja ülikoolile. Wilhelmine von Pereira annetatud stipendiumikapital ja linna heakorrakapital toimisid kuni Esimese maailmasõja alguseni. Peter Šamajevi kinkeakt anti linnale üle 1865. aastal. Peter Šamajevi isikust ja tema annetusest ning sellest makstud stipendiumidest

  16. 19. IV avati EKA galeriis Tartu noore maali näitus "9 elu"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Autorid Jaan-Jürgen Klaus, Margus Liivak, Kaie Luik, Eda Lõhmus, Rauno Th. Moss, Maris Palgi, Jane Remm, Hando Tamm ja Ode Taul on Tartu Ülikooli maaliosakonna 2000-2003 lõpetanud või 2004 lõpetavad noored kunstnikud. 20. IV seminaril "Üle ja ümber Tartu noore maali" esinesid Anu Allas, Rauno Th. Moss, Evelyn Müürsepp

  17. BUYING AND SELLING A SMALL BUSINESS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Part One takes the form of a manual of the processes and techniques of buying and selling a small business . This material is presented in a...finalizing the transaction and planning for operation under new ownership and management . Part Two reports the nature of the research conducted during the

  18. Understanding the Sales Process by Selling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussière, Dave

    2017-01-01

    Experiential projects bring students closer to real-world situations. This is valuable in sales education because the complexities of the sales process are difficult to learn from a textbook. A student project was developed that involved the selling of advertising space in a one-time newspaper insert. The project included a substantial minimum…

  19. Advanced Selling: A Comprehensive Course Sales Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarrington-Young, Susan; Castleberry, Stephen B.; Coleman, Joshua T.

    2016-01-01

    A comprehensive project for the Advanced Selling course that has been tested at three universities is introduced. After selecting an industry and a company, students engage in a complete industry analysis, a company sales analysis, a sales-specific SWOT analysis, complete a ride day with a salesperson in that firm, then present their findings in a…

  20. Alternative mechanisms guiding salespersons’ ambidextrous product selling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Borgh, M.; de Jong, A.; Nijssen, E.J.

    2017-01-01

    Ambidextrous product-selling strategies, in which companies’ salespeople concurrently pursue the sale of existing and new products, are hard to implement. Previous studies have addressed this issue for relatively simple consumer settings with the manager in close proximity to the salespersons and

  1. Väike teatmik (Tartu paranoiakriitilise risoomi kohta / A Small Guide to the (Tartu Paranoiac-Critical Rhizome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aare Pilv

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper gives an overview of a network of authors who have been active since the end of the 20th century, mainly (but not only in Tartu. They can be characterized as having an experimental attitude and maintaining distance from the literary mainstream, but at the same time they do not try to be consciously polemical or novatory, because partly they repeat the techniques of the 20th century avant-garde and, what is maybe more important, they sidestep the dialectics of innovating or altering the literary canon. The network is not strictly organized; it is rather a rhizome that has some denser nodes (literary journals and mailing lists. There have been different attempts to name the phenomenon: Tartu avant-garde, microcosmic literature, cognitive realism, Y-literature, "eksp" and so on. I have chosen "paranoiac-critique" as the term that best captures the common characteristics of these authors and their artistic practices (some of the authors are active not only as text writers, but also as conceptual artists.The paper then gives a list, with commentary, of the most important groups and individuals of that movement. In the role of "predecessors" are the group 14NÜ (Paavo Matsin, Mait Laas, Marianne Ravi et al., which also experimented with the format of the book, and a company in Tartu that developed a specific actionist stylistics called "mugiv" (Marko Kompus, Mehis Heinsaar, Martiini, Kaspar et al.. The sovereign figure in the experimental network is Valdur Mikita, who has also academically researched the problems of creativity; he is also a theoretician and metapoet. An important institution for the network has been the literary journal Vihik (initiator Berk Vaher; the later editor of the journal Jaak Tomberg has also participated in activities of the Tartu Theatre Laboratory (managed by Andreas W, which has experimented with "technological theatre". In the middle of the first decade of the 21st century the network has gathered around the

  2. Kohanemine kriminaalse identiteediga resotsialiseerimist raskendava tegurina : [magistritöö] / Elen Heidok ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidok, Elen

    2014-01-01

    Sotsialiseerumise mõistest ja olulisematest agentidest, kultuurist ja subkultuurist sotsialiseerumise sisuna, kinnipeetavate taasühiskonnastamisest, Viru ja Tartu vanglates läbiviidud empiirilisest uurimusest

  3. To sell or not to sell: cigarette sales in alcohol-licenced premises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Suzan; Ludbrooke, Mark; Williams, Kelly; Walsberger, Scott C; Egger, Sam

    2017-11-27

    To obtain insight into tobacco retailing by alcohol-licenced premises, in order to understand the financial importance of tobacco sales for such retailers. Data were collected by a telephone survey of 1042 clubs, hotels and packaged liquor outlets in New South Wales, Australia. The response rate was 86.1%. Qualitative and quantitative data were obtained. Logistic and linear regression were used to determine factors associated with the probability of selling and stopping selling and the importance of cigarette sales. More than a third (36.4%) of premises contacted did not sell cigarettes. 147 (an estimated 18.1% of those who had ever sold) had stopped selling. There were significant differences in the probability of selling, in the reported importance of cigarette sales and in the probability of stopping selling, between different outlet types and other outlet characteristics (number of gaming machines, proximity of nearest alternative tobacco retailer and remoteness). Outlets where alcohol can be consumed were more likely to rate cigarette sales as 'not important' than 'important'. Despite claims by tobacco companies that tobacco sales are important for many Australian retailers, tobacco sales appear to be of limited importance for alcohol-licenced premises. This means that opposition to stopping tobacco sales where alcohol is consumed and/or sold may be less than expected. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  4. Advance Selling in the Presence of Experienced Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Oksana Loginova; X. Hnery Wang; Chenhang Zeng

    2011-01-01

    The advance selling strategy is implemented when a firm offers consumers the opportunity to order its product in advance of the regular selling season. Advance selling reduces uncertainty for both the firm and the buyer and enables the firm to update its forecast of future demand. The distinctive feature of the present theoretical study of advance selling is that we divide consumers into two groups, experienced and inexperienced. Experienced consumers know their valuations of the product in a...

  5. Sewage sludge and how to sell it

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knapp, I M

    1977-10-01

    Largo, Florida dries its sludge and sells it as fertilizer for $80 to $169/T. The sludge processing plant capable of turning common sludge into a dry, pelletized soil conditioner was only slightly more expensive than the previously proposed concrete drying beds which would have required disposal of the dried residue. The city's experience in setting up the plant and marketing the finished product is discussed. The true advantage of selling heat-dried sludge is that residents of the surrounding area, knowing the value of the product to their lawns and shrubs, will provide the transportation for the product and the physical labor to spread it over an area wider than most municipalities could afford to own or operate. The current production cost of $140/T is high, but the addition of a sludge prethickener-conditioner process and expected future economies of scale as the volume of sludge treated increases should lower per ton costs.

  6. Marketing and selling solar energy equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Book, Tony

    1999-01-01

    The literature on creating consumer awareness and acceptance of solar water heating systems for marketing purposes is sparse. This paper discusses some of the sophisticated marketing techniques available and some results. Selling solar water heating systems in Northern European latitudes requires a degree of persistence and commitment that is probably not required in what are regarded as the 'sunny climes' around the Mediterranean., the Middle East, Africa, South East Asia and Australia. (Author)

  7. Does Wal-Mart Sell Inferior Goods?

    OpenAIRE

    Emek Basker

    2008-01-01

    I estimate the aggregate income elasticity of Wal-Mart's and Target's revenues using quarterly data for 1997-2006. I find that Wal-Mart's revenues increase during bad times, whereas Target's revenues decrease, consistent with Wal-Mart selling "inferior goods" in the technical sense of the term. An upper bound on the aggregate income elasticity of demand for Wal-Mart's wares is -0.5.

  8. Does organ selling violate human dignity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpinar-Şencan, Zümrüt; Baumann, Holger; Biller-Andorno, Nikola

    2017-11-01

    Shortages in the number of donated organs after death and the growing number of end-stage organ failure patients on waiting lists call for looking at alternatives to increase the number of organs that could be used for transplantation purposes. One option that has led to a legal and ethical debate is to have regulated markets in human organs. Opponents of a market in human organs offer different arguments that are mostly founded on contingent factors that can be adjusted. However, some authors have asked the question whether we still have a reason to believe that there is something wrong with offering human organs for sale for transplantation purposes, even if the circumstances under which the practice takes place are improved. One prominent argument regarding this appeals to the notion of human dignity. It is argued that organ selling violates human dignity. This paper presents a systematic discussion of dignity-based arguments in the organ selling debate, and then develops a social account of dignity. It is argued that allowing the practice of organ selling inherently runs the risk of promoting the notion that some persons have less worth than others and that persons have a price, which is incompatible with dignity. The approach is defended against possible objections and it is shown that it can capture the notion that autonomy is linked to human dignity in important ways, while dignity at the same time can constrain the autonomous choices of persons with regards to certain practices.

  9. Tartu linnaraamatukogu ja kunstikuu peakorraldaja Tartu kõrgema kunstikooli koostöös jõuab 27. ja 28. I vanasse kaubamajja kirjandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tartu vanas kaubamajas kohtuvad 27. I lastega raamatu "Seitse mütsikest" autorid kirjanik Lehte Hainsalu ja illustraator Lea Malin. 28. I astuvad kavaga "Kahjulik õhtu" publiku ette fs ja Asko Künnap, heli Heikki Kallelt. Esilinastub Jaan-Jürgen Klausi portreefilm "Erakpoeet Marko Kompus"

  10. Smoking differences between university faculties in Tartu, Estonia, and Oulu, Finland, after the disruption of communism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikkinen, Rauno; Kivastik, Jana; Kingisepp, Peet-Henn; Hirvonen, Leo; Näyhä, Simo

    2006-01-01

    To provide information on smoking differences between university faculties. Data from smoking surveys performed on 1,441 staff members and 2,308 students at the University of Tartu, Estonia, soon after the fall of communism, were analysed by faculties, using similar data from the University of Oulu, Finland (1,830 staff members, 5,947 students) for reference. Wide variations in smoking were found between faculties in Tartu, the prevalence being high among male students of theology (54%) and low among staff and students in the faculties of exercise & sports sciences (< 5%) and mathematics (< 15%). Less variation was seen in Oulu. The medical faculty showed low smoking rates in Oulu but not in Tartu. High percentages of smokers were typical of Tartu faculties representing disciplines closely connected with the country's transition (e.g. theology), and low percentages in faculties emphasising physical and mental performance (e.g. sports). The relatively high percentage of smokers in the Tartu medical faculty compared with that in Oulu can be interpreted as delayed diffusion of medical information beyond the former Iron Curtain.

  11. Semiotics and Cartomancy: Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School Legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mattia Thibault

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to reconstruct the fortune of the semiotic analysis of cartomancy, considered as a proper semiotic system, focusing in particular on the point of view of Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics (TMS. TMS, founded by the renowned semiotician Yuri Lotman, offers one of the most interesting semiotic approaches to culture and communication yet is still partially ignored in the West with the exception, of course, of its founder. Many TMS scholars approached cartomancy not only as an interesting cultural phenomenon but as a case study allowing them to test analytic tools that fit for many different forms of communication. Cartomancy is, at the same time, a quite simple semiotic system and a very sophisticated cultural phenomenon; this makes it a very useful object of study, allowing us to manipulate an entire (and rich language while looking for the basic workings of all kinds of communication. The article will show how TMS analysis of cartomancy has already been quite productive and has had a few entails as well as how these analyses could help us to reach a better understanding of play, which is one of the biggest challenges that communication studies are facing today.

  12. TÜ Loodusmuuseum = University of Tartu Natural History Museum / Raili Paling, Liis Lindvere, Kadri Kaldam ; kommenteerinud Jana Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paling, Raili

    2016-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Loodusmuuseumi (Tartu, Vanemuise tn. 46) interjöör ja ekspositsioon. Autorid Jelena Altmäe, Kadri Kaldam, Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Lea Laidra, Liis Lindvere, Indrek Mikk, Jaanus Männik, Raili Paling; projektijuht Reet Mägi; kuraatorid Kaie Kotov, Riste Keskpaik

  13. Tartu as the Eastern Outpost of European Medicine in the First Half of the 17th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaarina Rein

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The history of medicine in Tartu begins with medieval monastic Church, which were probably founded in the middle of the 13th century. The physician who arrived from Tallinn. Up to the beginning of the 17th century, the owners of the pharmacy were the only representatives of academic medicine in Tartu. Academic medical education in Tartu had its beginnings with the academic gymnasium founded in 1630 and the university founded in 1632. One of the three higher faculties at the University of Tartu at that time was the Faculty of Medicine. It was planned to have two professorships, although in reality only one professor of medicine was employed. The model of the University of Paris demanded that all “proper” universities must have a medical faculty. There were very few students studying at the Faculty of Medicine in Tartu in the 17th century. Only two names—David Cunitius and Olaus Oestenius—could be mentioned from among those who studied medicine at Academia Gustaviana and were later active as physicians. There were also students who studied in some other faculty in Tartu and However, the Swedish University of Tartu can be considered an important centre of early modern medical thought in the Eastern Europe. The article tries to give some idea about the medical situation in Tartu before the founding of the University of Tartu and during its early period of existence. The task is to investigate whether the academic medicine of the th century has introduced any changes into the history of medicine of Tartu.

  14. Tartu Ülikooli füüsikahoone juurdeehitis on ohus / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2009-01-01

    2009. a. novembri alguses valis žürii Tartu Ülikooli füüsikahoone juurdeehitise arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöödena välja tööd "Das Model" (arhitektid Juhan Rohtla, Koit Ojaliiv, Joel Kopli, Indrek Allmann), "Admiral" ja "Lükat" (mõlema töö arhitektid Ott Kadarik ja Villem Tomiste). Tartu linnavalitsus ei saa maavaidluste tõttu aadressile Riia mnt. 142 väljastada ehitusluba ja juurdeehitise asukoht võib muutuda

  15. Selling the PSS in a School of Business: Relationship Selling in Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titus, David; Harris, Garth; Gulati, Rajesh; Bristow, Dennis

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a step-by-step process for the development and implementation of a professional selling specialization program in the marketing curriculum of a school of business at an AACSB accredited state university. The program is presented in detail along with the process followed in order to develop support for the program with three…

  16. Cross-selling lending and underwriting : scope economies and incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Christian; Walz, Uwe

    2009-01-01

    We highlight the implications of combining underwriting services and lending for the choice of underwriters and for competition in the underwriting business. We show that cross-selling can increase underwriters' incentives, and we explain three phenomena: first, that cross-selling is important for universal banks to enter the investment banking business; second, that cross-selling is particularly attractive for highly leveraged borrowers; third, that less-than-market rates are no prerequisite...

  17. Optimal Incentives to Foster Cross Selling: An Economic Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Decrouppe, Andre

    2014-01-01

    Cross selling is the practice of selling additional products to an existing customer. It has the potential to boost revenues and can be beneficial for both the company and the customer. For many multi-divisional companies with product or service oriented organizational structures the attempt to realize the benefits of cross selling generates incentive problems. In this thesis, three problems spread over three business levels are identified. Firstly, management needs to (fina...

  18. Determinants Of Consumers’ Satisfaction and Acceptance of Direct Selling

    OpenAIRE

    Alturas, Bráulio; Santos, Maria da Conceição; Pereira, Ivo

    2005-01-01

    This paper studies the factors that influence the consumers’ satisfaction and acceptance of direct selling. Direct selling has been exhibiting in the last decade substantial growth in sales revenues and number of salespeople involved. Also the acceptance on the part of the consumers has been increasing; in spite of they show more and more demanding and informed. The literature reveals that the relationship between customer satisfaction and direct selling has not been sufficiently studied, yet...

  19. Tartu slaidimaal : grotesk - mäng või taktika? = Tartu slide painting : grotesque - game or tactics? / Kädi Talvoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvoja, Kädi, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu slaidimaali esilekerkimine 1980. aastatel oli märk vaimsuse muutustest, avangardile orienteeritud kunstipildi lõhenemisest. See oli eelkõige jutustava elemendiga anekdootlik süžeekunst, mis kasutas sümbolväärstust omavaid kujundeid ja nende absurdset koosmõju vastulausena nende kohta käivale kriitikale, nagu seda Ilmar Kruusamäe "Tühi Liivrand" või "Pühendusega (Ants Juskele)" või Miljard Kilgi "1/2 tundi enne maali alustamist". Vastuseis nõukogude võimule seisnes ka head lääne elu sümboliseerivate moekaupadega epateerimises ja ühtlasi ka neid pilavates absurdinaljades. Ka Tartu ja Tallinna hüperrealismi laine vastuoludest

  20. Selling eugenics: the case of Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjorkman, Maria; Widmalm, Sven

    2010-12-20

    This paper traces the early (1910s to 1920s) development of Swedish eugenics through a study of the social network that promoted it. The eugenics network consisted mainly of academics from a variety of disciplines, but with medicine and biology dominating; connections with German scientists who would later shape Nazi biopolitics were strong. The paper shows how the network used political lobbying (for example, using contacts with academically accomplished MPs) and various media strategies to gain scientific and political support for their cause, where a major goal was the creation of a eugenics institute (which opened in 1922). It also outlines the eugenic vision of the institute's first director, Herman Lundborg. In effect the network, and in particular Lundborg, promoted the view that politics should be guided by eugenics and by a genetically superior elite. The selling of eugenics in Sweden is an example of the co-production of science and social order.

  1. IMPLEMENTING FUZZY LOGIC IN DETERMINING SELLING PRICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Prabowo Soetanto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The determination of the price should meet certain criteria, both from the society and the company itself. The combination of various criteria will result in another problem. Fuzzy Logic covers all influencing factors and displays the membership function graphic. Furthermore, by implementing fuzzy rules and fuzzy operator, the right price can be determined which covers all the factors above. The determination of the rules is based on the raw material cost, direct labor cost, distribution cost and the customers' opinion regarding the appropriate price. Then, the model is designed with the help of Matlab software. The result is finally obtained in the form of a model performed by Matlab software. The model displays the output concerning the selling price of the product for each change in the dominant factors.

  2. Modeling switching behaviour of direct selling customers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Msweli-Mbanga

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The direct selling industry suffers a high turnover rate of salespeople, resulting in high costs of training new salespeople. Further costs are incurred when broken relationships with customers cause them to switch from one product supplier to another. This study identifies twelve factors that drive the switching behaviour of direct sales customers and examines the extent to which these factors influence switching. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess the validity of these factors. The factors were represented in a model that posits that an interpersonal relationship between a direct sales person and a customer moderates the relationship between switching behaviour and loyalty. Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model. The author then discusses the empirical findings and their managerial implications, providing further avenues for research.

  3. Tartu teadlased aitavad välja mõelda Ebola-vastast vaktsiini / Aime Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Aime, 1958-

    2014-01-01

    Eesti biotehnoloogiafirma Icosagen hakkab koos Soome ettevõtte FIT Biotech Oy'ga välja töötama Ebola viiruse vastast vaktsiini, arendustöös osaleb ka Tartu Ülikooli Tehnoloogiainstituudi rakendusviroloogia labor

  4. Tartu Ülikooli kümme geeniust / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Valik Tartu Ülikoolis 375 aasta jooksul kõige rohkem maailmateadust mõjutanud teadlasi: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Stuve, Martin Heinrich Rathke, Karl Ernst von Baer, Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer, Juri Lotman, Ludvig Puusepp Nikolai Pirogov, Ernst Öpik, Ivan Kondakov, Karl Bücher, Karl Friedrich Burdach ja Gustav Teichmüller

  5. Tartu- ja Viljandimaa 2025 : Nobeli preemia, tuumajaam ja laevaühendus Peterburiga / Rein Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sikk, Rein, 1961-

    2014-01-01

    Milline võiks olla elu peaga Eestis ehk Tartu ja Viljandi maakondades aastal 2025? Kas Võrtsjärve veerde tuleb tuumajaam? Kas Tartust saab laevaga Peterburi? Kas Viljandi folk püsib või kaob? Kas Salvest murrab Hiina turule? Küsimustele vastasid 14 asjatundjat

  6. Tartu Ülikool võeti Utrechti võrgustiku liikmeks / Lauri Randveer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randveer, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Utrechti ülikoolide koostöövõrgustiku (Utrecht Network) esindajad hääletasid Tartu Ülikooli võrgustiku liikmeks vastuvõtmise poolt. Võrgustik tegutseb kõrghariduse rahvusvahelistumise suunas, arendades koostööd üliõpilaste ja õppejõudude vahetuse ja õppekavade rahvusvahelistumise vallas

  7. Valitsus keskendas tähelepanu uuele maanteehoiukavale, sealhulgas Tallinna - Tartu maantee eelisarendamisele / kommenteeris E. Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Valitsus kinnitas 31. mail 2006 korraldusega nr. 323 Maanteeametis väljatöötatud maanteede hoiukava aastateks 2006-2009 ja kohustas Rahandusministeeriumi lisaks sellele nägema ette täiendava raha Tallinna-tartu maantee neljarealiseks ehitamise jätkamiseks aastatel 2008-2014

  8. Varane litograafia Tartu Ülikooli kunstimuuseumis : Albrecht Düreri litografeeritud joonistuste konserveerimine / Anne Arus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arus, Anne

    2011-01-01

    Antakse ülevaade Tartu Ülikooli graafikakollektsiooni kujunemisest, millest enamus pärineb von Liphartide kunstikogust, litograafia leiutajast Alois Senefelderist, erinevatest litograafilistest joonistusviisidest ja kopeerimisvõimalustest. Praktilise töö raames konserveeriti-restaureeriti valik kõige halvemas seisundis töödest, mis olid eksponeerimiskõlbmatud ja mille säilimine oli ohus

  9. Selling Participation to Audiences in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo Huang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Media globalization is facilitated by the development of new technologies within a framework of digitization and convergence. Contemporary new media provide networks through which the mingling of media occurs, shaping a “multi-mediacy” age, and a connecting of mediated/mediating venues in a condition of “immediacy”. Additionally, the business of communication has evolved from being the “communication of business” to the “business of business”. Multi-mediacy and immediacy have generated new avenues of profit from media. The paper will draw on Chitty’s theorization on web transactional venues to discuss new ways of farming of revenue from media. Media revenues have in the past and today been drawn from licence fees, media subscriptions and advertising. Today, media networks also sell “participation” to audiences directly by charging for text message voting/gaming, or sell a range of products and services through web-venue based commerce. This paper will undertake case studies to examine the increasing trend of “direct audience payment for participation”. The case studies that will be used are (A the intervention of Chinese Service Providers in reality TV shows and (B E-commerce on the Internet. Monternet (mo[bile I]nternet and Linktone are investigated as Service Providers (SPs and the consumer-to-consumer (C2C website www.taobao.com is studied compared with Eachnet (eBay in China. The paper will also investigate the influences of “direct audience payment for participation” on the quality of media products and communication flow between media and audience and generally discuss the consequences of the “direct audience payment for participation” from the perspective of communication ethics.

  10. A Consumer-Driven Approach To Increase Suggestive Selling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohn, Don; Austin, John; Sanford, Alison

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of the effectiveness of behavioral interventions in improving suggestive selling behavior of sales staff focuses on a study that examined the efficacy of a consumer-driven approach to improve suggestive selling behavior of three employees of a fast food franchise. Reports that consumer-driven intervention increased suggestive selling…

  11. Real-Time Adaptation of Influence Strategies in Online Selling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, M.C.; Parvinen, P.

    2014-01-01

    Real-time adjustments in online selling are becoming increasingly common. In this paper we describe a novel method of real-time adaptation, and introduce influence strategies as a useful level of analysis for personalization of online selling. The proposed method incorporates three perspectives on

  12. Students Write, Then "Sell" Ad Copy to Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galician, Mary Lou

    1986-01-01

    Describes a course in commercial copywriting for electronic media in which students must also present orally their copy to the class to drive home two points: (1) the writing has to sell products, and (2) the writer has to sell the spot or campaign to the client or employers. (HTH)

  13. 29 CFR 541.504 - Drivers who sell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Outside Sales Employees § 541.504 Drivers who sell. (a) Drivers who deliver products and also sell such products may qualify as exempt outside sales employees only if the employee has a primary duty of making...

  14. Upaya Meningkatkan Pendapatan Bank Melalui Optimalisasi Cross Selling Terhadap Pelanggan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Nuryadin

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available The article explores some efforts to generate Bank’s income by optimalizing cross selling for is existing customers. After explaining background and clarifying that terminologies the paper starts with efforts and constraints of cross selling optimalization, those problem solutions, and how to promote the bank products.

  15. Upaya Meningkatkan Pendapatan Bank Melalui Optimalisasi Cross Selling Terhadap Pelanggan

    OpenAIRE

    Endang Nuryadin

    2001-01-01

    The article explores some efforts to generate Bank’s income by optimalizing cross selling for is existing customers. After explaining background and clarifying that terminologies the paper starts with efforts and constraints of cross selling optimalization, those problem solutions, and how to promote the bank products.

  16. 47 CFR 73.4005 - Advertising-refusal to sell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Advertising-refusal to sell. 73.4005 Section 73.4005 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4005 Advertising—refusal to sell. See 412...

  17. Kinnipidamisasutuses karistusaja kandmisel töötamise mõju kinnipeetavate resotsialiseerimisele (Tartu Vangla näitel) : [magistritöö] / Anastassia Rjabova ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rjabova, Anastassia

    2010-01-01

    Kinnipeetava resotsialiseerimise olemusest ja meetoditest, kinnipeetava vanglas töötamisest resotsialiseerimise meetodina, kinnipeetava vanglas töötamise õiguslikust regulatsioonist Eestis, Tartu Vanglas kinnipeetavate isikute suhtumisest vangide töökohustusse

  18. Kaks luustikku Tartu toomkirikust: arheoloogia ja osteoloogia andmed / Two skeletons from the Tartu Cathedral Cemetery: archaeological and osteological data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Malve

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with two case studies based on the osteological obtained in the rescue excavations in the Cathedral of Tartu in 2001 and 2008 (fig. 1. The first case study focuses on the skeleton of the child who suffered from congenital syphilis. The grave has been dated to the end of the 17th or the beginning of the 18th century. The child had been buried in the eighth nave of the northern aisle of the Cathedral (fig. 3. The grave was, according to the Christian burial traditions, west-oriented with the head facing towards the east. A Swedish 1/6 öre, minted during the reign of King Charles XI (1600–1697, was recovered from the grave. The skeleton was relatively complete and well preserved (fig. 2. Based on the dental eruption, the age at death was 9 years ± 24 months. Sexually distinctive characteristics had not developed, and thus it was impossible to determine the sex of the child. Both the microscopical and radiological analyses revealed that the skeleton had indicators of congenital syphilis. Damage from gummatous osteomyelitis and periostitis were visible on the skull and on the axial and appendicular skeleton (fig. 6, while Hutchinson’s incisors and Mulberry molars were present among the teeth. Deformations and damage on the bones suggest that the child had suffered from the disease for quite a long time.The second case study discusses a beheaded man found from the eighth nave in the southern aisle of the Cathedral (fig. 3. The grave pit had a depth of 80 cm from the medieval floor surface of the church, which indicates that the burial dates from the Middle Ages. Also, the head of the deceased pointed to the west.The bones were well preserved (fig. 6. Sex was determined from the characteristics of the skull and the length of the right humerus. Calcification of the cranial sutures and cartilages suggests that the age of the man at death was probably 50+. Macroscopic examination of the skeleton revealed that the man had suffered

  19. Tallinna ja Tartu Linnamuuseumi ekspositsioonide võrdlus külastajate arvamuste põhjal / Aino Lepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepp, Aino

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna ja Tartu Linnamuuseumid olid esimesed, kes avasid oma uued ekspositsioonid 2001. aastal. ekspositsioonide kirjeldused. Külastajate ankeet. 2007. aasta jaanuaris anti Tallinna Linnamuuseumile Business Interactive Directions' rahvusvahelise kvaliteedi kuldauhind

  20. Pompejanum Tartu Ülikooli Kunstimuuseumis : üks haruldane interjöörinäidis / Inge Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Inge

    2003-01-01

    Pompeji stiilis 19. saj. ruumikujunduse parim näide Eestis. Antiikaja seinamaali motiivide kasutamisest. Töid alustati 1868. aastal. Tartu maalermeister F. Redlin, juhendas antiikarheoloog Ludwig Schwabe

  1. Tallinna-Tartu maantee ehitamine jälle kännu taga kinni / Piret Pert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pert, Piret

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas tagasi SDE fraktsiooni esitatud otsuse eelnõu, milles nähti ette Tallinna-Tartu maantee ehitamine neljarealise eraldatud sõidusuundadega maanteena. Jarno Laur, Ivari Padar maantee väljaehitamise vajalikkusest

  2. How (not) to sell nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jehiel, P.; Moldovanu, B.; Stacchetti, E.

    1994-01-01

    We study the problem of a seller who wants to maximize her revenue in situations where the outcome of the sale affects the nature of the future interaction between agents. We model those situations by assuming that an agent that does not acquire the object for sale incurs an externality that may depend both on the identity of the sufferer and on the identity of the final purchaser. We describe an optimal auction that has a unique Nash equilibrium in strictly dominant strategies. We show that: 1) Outside options are endogenously determined in equilibrium. Participation constraints and the ''threats'' in case of non-participation play an important role. 2) An optimizing seller can extract surplus also from buyers that do not obtain the auctioned object. 3) The seller is better off by not selling at all (while obtaining some payments) if externalities are large when compared to the pure profits that buyers achieve if they acquire the object. 4) The revenue-maximizing equilibrium is coalition-proof if buyers cannot organize side payments among themselves. (orig.)

  3. Ravhusvaheline õigus siseriiklikus õiguses ja selle rakendamine Riigikohtu praktikas : [bakalaureusetöö] / Triin Niinemets ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niinemets, Triin

    2001-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise õiguse ja siseriikliku õiguse vastastikune positsioon, rahvusvahelise õiguse allikad, kehtivus siseriiklikus õiguses, Eesti välislepingud, rahvusvahelise õiguse kohaldamine Riigikohtus

  4. Meediakontsentratsioon demokraatlikus ühiskonnas ja selle õiguslik regulatsioon : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kuldar-Jaan Torokoff ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torokoff, Kuldar-Jaan

    2001-01-01

    Kaasaegne massimeediamaastik, meediakontsentratsiooni areng (USA, Saksamaa, Eesti), liitumise dimensioonid, kontsentratsiooniimpulsi põhjused, kontsentratsiooni reguleerimisest, kontroll, Euroopa initsiatiiv multimeedia arvamusvõimu takistamisel

  5. Teadus- ja arendustegevus ning kaalutlusõiguse roll selle rahastamisel : [teadusmagistritöö] / Sille Uusna ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Raul Narits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusna, Sille

    2007-01-01

    Teadus- ja arendustegevuse olemusest, teaduskorraldus objektiivse õiguse reguleerimise objektina, teaduspoliitika kujundamise meetoditest, haldusorgani kaalutlusõigus teaduskorralduses, teadus- ja arendustegevuse finantseerimine, kaalutlusõiguse osakaal teaduse finantseerimismeetmetes

  6. Eesti Panga staatus ning selle muutumine seoses euro kasutuselevõtuga : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ursula Laido ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Madis Kallion

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laido, Ursula

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Panga ajalugu, õiguslik staatus, juhtimine, ülesanded, pädevus, Euroopa Liit kui Euroopa Majandus- ja Rahaliit, keskpankade süsteem, euro, eurole üleminek ja sellest tulenevad muudatused Eesti Panga jaoks

  7. Teoste digiteerimine ja selle aktuaalsed autoriõiguslikud probleemid : [magistritöö] / Johann-Kristjan Varik ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mario Rosentau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varik, Johann-Kristjan

    2014-01-01

    Teose digiteerimise olemusest, digiteerimise autoriõiguslikest tagajärgedest, autoriõiguslikest probleemidest teose digiteerimisega, lahendusvõimalustest digiteerimise autoriõiguslikele probleemidele

  8. Kohustiste mittetäitmine ja selle õiguslikud tagajärjed : [bakalaureusetöö] / Krista Soa ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soa, Krista

    1995-01-01

    Kohustiste mittetäitmise mõiste, liigid ja õiguslikud tagajärjed, kahjude hüvitamise kohustus kohustise mittetäitmisel, natuuras täitmisele sundimine ja ühepoolse lõpetamise õigus kohustise mittetäitmisel

  9. Laste kasvatamisel tekkivate suhete õiguslik regulatsioon ja selle muutmine Eestis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Juta Saarevet ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Edgar Salumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saarevet, Juta

    2003-01-01

    Laste kasvatamisel tekkivad suhted ja nende õiguslik regulatsioon, argumendid perekonnaseaduses vanema kasvatusalaste suhete regulatsiooni poolt ja vastu, Saksa perekonnaõiguse analoogi toomine Eesti õiguskorda

  10. Homoseksualism ja selle õiguslik regulatsioon : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mai Ärmand ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Edgar Salumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ärmand, Mai

    1996-01-01

    Homoseksualismist ajaloos (Kreeka, Rooma, keskaeg - kirikuõigus, ilmalik õigus, uusaeg), homoseksualismist Eestis (enne Eesti Vabariiki, Vabariigi ajal, ENSV ajal); homoseksualism ja tänapäeva Eesti. Vt. ka: Juridica (1996) nr. 6, lk. 301-303

  11. Õigushariduse akrediteerimise õiguslikest alustest ja protsessist Eestis (Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna näitel) / Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Õigusteaduse õppekavade akrediteerimisest eri kõrgkoolides ning Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna tegevusest. Lisatud ülevaade olulisematest teadustöödest Tartu Ülikooli avaliku õiguse instituudis ja eraõiguse instituudis 1997. a. ning Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas 1993.-1998. a. kaitstud magistritööde ja teaduskonna õppejõudude poolt mujal kaitstud tööde nimekiri

  12. Jaani kiriku vitraažid : sündmuste ahel, mis viis Tartu Jaani kiriku vitraažakna lõhkumiseni / Urmo Raus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raus, Urmo, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Sihtasutus Jaani kirik eemaldas 2004. a. aprillis Urmo Rausi kavandatud vitraažakna, akna metallstruktuur lõigati ketaslõikuriga tükkideks. Ekspertkomisjoni (22. IX 2001, Tartu) tegevusest ja otsusest ning teostatavast uuest vitraažilahendusest. Olev Printsi Tartu Jaani kiriku uurimismaterjalidest. Tartu Jaani kiriku vitraažiprojekt on 14. IX 2003-31. VIII 2004 väljas Chartres'i rahvusvahelises vitraažikeskuses näitusel "Les passeurs de lumiere"

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION POWER SELLING COMPANY STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Grishkevich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Strategic for power selling companies (PSC are buying, selling and investment activities. Buying activities are to be planned, selling activities predicted and both optimized by PSC on the basis of price and consumer number dynamics with due account of other factors. Very important is to develop the market of derivative instruments (derivatives as part of the risk management mechanism at all levels including that of the state, to use up-to-date and ecologically favorable technologies as well as renewable energy sources with due account of ecology improvement measurement costs.

  14. Kolm linna ja kolm lähenemist loovusele ja kultuuri arendamisele : Tartu, Turu ja Bergen : loomemajandus / Külliki Tafel, Erik Terk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tafel, Külliki, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu, Turu ja Bergen koostasid Põhjamaade Innovatsioonikeskuse projekti "Nordic Model for Creative Industries Development Center" raames oma linnade loomemajanduse arendamise dokumendi. Võrreldakse valminud dokumente

  15. Tartu Jaani kiriku väärikas sisemus / Maris Takk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Takk, Maris

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Jaani kiriku (Jaani 5) sisekujundus, restaureerimispõhimõtted. Sisekujundajad: Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka. Ehitus: peatöövõtt: AS Rand ja Tuulberg, restaureerimine: OÜ Wunibald Ehitus. Tekstiilid kavandas Anu Raud. Valguslahenduse tegemisel oli kaasautoriks Üllar Võrno. Sepisdetailid valmisid sisekujundajate ja Heigo Jelle kavandite järgi. Ill.: plaan, värv. välisvaade, 19 sisevaadet

  16. 210 year anniversary of the Botanical Garden of the University of Tartu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Politsinski Zanna

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available June 28, 2013 Botanic Garden of the University of Tartu has celebrated its 210th anniversary. To mark the occasion four significant events were presented: the first electric car trip, opening of the sculpture in honor of the gardeners of Estonia, the opening of "Moss garden" and a concert at the summer stage in the rock, which was held on June 29.

  17. Tartu spordimaja võitis parima terasehitise tiitli / Aivar Õepa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õepa, Aivar, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Teraskonstruktsiooniühing valis viimase viie aasta parimaks teraskonstruktsiooniga tervikehitiseks Tartu spordihoone A. Le Coq Sport (arhitekt Eero Palm, konstruktsioonide autor Randväli & Karema AS). Parima insenerilahenduse auhinna sai eestlaste teostatud Läti jäähalli Arena Riga katusekonstruktsioon. Parima arhitektuurse lahenduse auhinna sai Eesti Panga siseõue galerii, mille projekteeris arhitektuuribüroo Urban Mark. Kommenteerib Ivar Talvik

  18. Ehitusmeistrist arhitektiks - G. F. W. Geist Tartu linnaruumi kujundajana 19. sajandi esimesel poolel / Epi Tohvri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohvri, Epi

    2004-01-01

    Ehitusmeistri ja arhitektina töötanud Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Geisti tegevusest Tartus 1810-1846, mil ta etendas olulist rolli Tartu linnaruumi väljaehitamisel, olles pea kõikide linna ja kroonu tellitud avalike hoonete (kaubahoov, hobupostijaam, kreiskool, vaestemaja, haigla jne.) ning kirikute plaanide koostaja ja ehitustööde juhataja, arhitektuuriõpetaja ja lõpuks ka arhitekt

  19. Insaiderlus Eesti finantssektoris ja selle tõkestamine / Mart Sõrg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sõrg, Mart, 1943-

    2003-01-01

    Insaiderluse all mõistetakse avalikustamata siseteabe ärakasutamist väärtpaberitega kauplemisel. Eestis seostatakse insaiderluse mõistega eelkõige pangandus- ja muud finantssektorit ja selle töötajaid

  20. Managing demand uncertainty: probabilistic selling versus inventory substitution

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Y.; Hua, Guowei; Wang, Shouyang; Zhang, Juliang; Fernández Alarcón, Vicenç

    2018-01-01

    Demand variability is prevailing in the current rapidly changing business environment, which makes it difficult for a retailer that sells multiple substitutable products to determine the optimal inventory. To combat demand uncertainty, both strategies of inventory substitution and probabilistic selling can be used. Although the two strategies differ in operation, we believe that they share a common feature in combating demand uncertainty by encouraging some customers to give up some specific ...

  1. Dynamic interaction between markets for leasing and selling automobiles

    OpenAIRE

    Andrikopoulos, Athanasios; Markellos, Raphael N.

    2015-01-01

    We develop a model of dynamic interactions between price variations in leasing and selling markets for automobiles. Our framework assumes a differential game between multiple Bertrand-type competing firms which offer differentiated products to forward-looking agents. Empirical analysis of our model using monthly US data from 2002 to 2011 shows that variations in selling (cash) market prices lead rapidly dissipating changes of leasing market prices in the opposite direction. We discuss the pra...

  2. Geniaalne näidend ja selle suhkurdatud proosatöötlus / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1995-01-01

    Arvustus: Maeterlinck, Maurice. Sinilind / Näidendist ümber töötanud Georgette Leblanc Maeterlinck ; Prantsuse keelest tlk. A. Pärn. Tln.: Kuldsulg, 1994. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005

  3. 29 CFR 780.710 - A country elevator may sell products and services to farmers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... farmers. 780.710 Section 780.710 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION... Elevator § 780.710 A country elevator may sell products and services to farmers. Section 13(b)(14... feeders and other farmers, sell fuels for farm use, sell and treat seeds, and sell other farm supplies...

  4. The Short Selling Regulation in the EU: Assessing the Authorization Granted for ESMA to Prohibit Short Selling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matias Huhtilainen

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the renewed short selling regulation (Regulation (EU No 236/2012 in the European Union. The focus is on the provisions that deal with prohibiting short selling in exceptional market circumstances. The Regulation further enforces certain obligations to report and disclose short positions. It is concluded that banning short selling is not an effective tool to contain extreme price volatility. The difference-in-differences regression and repeated measures GLM were used to test whether short selling bans were successful in containing volatility of those Spanish and Italian stocks that were subject to two back-to-back prohibitions during the years 2011-2013. The results are consistent with the majority of previous research, suggesting that the effectiveness of short sale constraints in reducing volatility is limited at best. Furthermore, there are evidence of counterproductive effects: constraints on short selling may actually increase volatility as well as deteriorate liquidity. However, based on theory and previous studies, reporting and disclosure requirements shall be favored provided they improve market efficiency as well as supervisory work of regulatory bodies.This paper discusses the renewed short selling regulation (Regulation (EU No 236/2012 in the European Union. The focus is on the provisions that deal with prohibiting short selling in exceptional market circumstances. The Regulation further enforces certain obligations to report and disclose short positions. It is concluded that banning short selling is not an effective tool to contain extreme price volatility. The difference-in-differences regression and repeated measures GLM were used to test whether short selling bans were successful in containing volatility of those Spanish and Italian stocks that were subject to two back-to-back prohibitions during the years 2011-2013. The results are consistent with the majority of previous research, suggesting that the

  5. Dokumente ja materjale Tartu saksa ülikooli kohta aastast 1918 / Reinhold Zilch ; [inglise keelest] tõlkinud Vahur Aabrams ; kommenteerinud Sirje Tamul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zilch, Reinhold, 1952-

    2010-01-01

    Tartu saksa ülikool eksisteeris 15. septembrist kuni 1. detsembrini 1918. Valimik tähtsamaid dokumente. Keskset rolli Tartu saksa ülikooli ülesehitamisel mängis Hans Helfritz. Dokumendid kajastavad Preisi haridusministeeriumi võitlust mõju pärast ülikoolis

  6. Endiste tartlaste käekõrval kiirrongiga läbi 375-aastase Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo / Tõnis Arro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arro, Tõnis, 1960-

    2011-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli 375. aastapäeva puhul valminud dokumentaalfilm "Universitas Tartuensis 375" : stsenaristid Jaak Lõhmus ja Lauri Vahtre : režissöörid Rene Vilbre ja Märten Vaher : Tartu Ülikool, Estinfilm ja Eesti Rahvusringhääling, 2007

  7. Developments of the Estonian intellectual property system to meet the challenges of the knowledge-based economy : [doktoritöö] / Aleksei Kelli ; Tartu Ülikool ; juhendaja: Heiki Pisuke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelli, Aleksei, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab artikleid: Intellectual property in an innovation-based economy // Review of Central and East European Law (2008) nr. 2, lk. 223-238 (kaasautor Heiki Pisuke) ; Some issues of the Estonian innovation and intellectual property policy // Juridica International. XV. Tartu, 2008, lk. 104-114 ; Improvement of the intellectual property system as a measure to enhance innovation // Juridica International. XVI. Tartu, 2009, lk. 114-125 ; Some issues regarding entrepreneurial universities and intellectual property // Juridica International. XII. Tartu, 2007, lk. 161-172 (kaasautor Heiki Pisuke). - Tutvustus // Tartu Ülikooli doktorite promoveerimine 2010. Tartu, 2010, lk. 5-6

  8. Green energy in Europe: selling green energy with green certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouillet, L.

    2002-01-01

    Sales of green power products are booming in Europe: 50,000 customers in the United Kingdom, 775,000 in the Netherlands and 300,000 in Germany. Laws of physics are however formal: the way in which electricity flows within the grid does not allow suppliers to assure customers that they are directly receiving electricity produced exclusively from renewable energy sources. What are marketers selling their customers then? Laetitia Ouillet, Greenprices, takes a closer look and focuses on the potential of selling green energy in the forms of renewable energy certificates. (Author)

  9. Opaque Selling: Static or Inter-Temporal Price Discrimination?

    OpenAIRE

    Courty, Pascal; Liu, Wenyu

    2013-01-01

    We study opaque selling in the hotel industry using data from Hotwire.com. An opaque room discloses only the star level and general location of the hotel at the time of booking. The exact identity of the hotel is disclosed after the booking is completed. Opaque rooms sell at a discount of 40 percent relative to regular rooms. The discount increases when hotels are more differentiated. This finding is consistent with static models of price discrimination. No support was found for predictions s...

  10. Young women selling sex online – narratives on regulating feelings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonsson LS

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Linda S Jonsson,1 Carl Göran Svedin,1 Margareta Hydén2 1Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden Abstract: The current study concerns young women’s life stories of their experiences selling sex online before the age of 18. The aim was to gain an understanding of young women’s perceptions of the reasons they started, continued, and stopped selling sex. The study included interviews with 15 young women between the ages of 15 and 25 (M=18.9. Thematic analysis was used to identify similarities and differences in the narratives. Three themes and eight sub-themes were identified in relation to different stages in their lives in the sex trade. The themes were organized into three parts, each with its own storyline: “Entering – adverse life experiences”; traumatic events: feeling different and being excluded. “Immersion – using the body as a tool for regulating feelings”; being seen: being touched: being in control: affect regulation and self-harming. “Exiting – change or die”; living close to death: the process of quitting. The informants all had stable social lives in the sense that they had roofs over their heads, food to eat, and no substance-abuse issues. None had a third party who arranged the sexual contacts and none were currently trafficked. They described how their experiences of traumatic events and of feeling different and excluded had led them into the sex trade. Selling sex functioned as a way to be seen, to handle traumatic events, and to regulate feelings. Professionals working with young people who sell sex online need to understand the complex web of mixed feelings and emotional needs that can play a role in selling sex. Young people selling sex might need guidance in relationship building as well as help

  11. Riia literaatide õnnesoovid Tartu Akadeemiale 1632. aastal / tlk. ja komment. [ja eessõna:] Janika Päll, Kristi Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Luuletuste tekst ladina ja kreeka keeles, rööptekst eesti keeles. Eessõna lk. 2493-2501. Kokkuvõte "Congratulations by Riga literati to the Academy of Tartu in 1632", lk. 2696-2697. Acclamationes votivae sub novo auspicio Regiae Dorpatensis Academiae [---] factae ab iis, qui sunt ex ordine Literatorum Rigae Metropolitanae totius Livoniae (Õnnesoovihüüded Tartu Kuningliku Akadeemia uueks õnnelikuks alguseks [---] nende sulest, kes kuuluvad kogu Liivimaa pealinna literaatide seisusesse). Kogumik sisaldas 6 ladinakeelset ja 1 kreekakeelse luuletuse

  12. Maaleht soovitab : XIII Tartu rahvamuusikapäev. Algab festival Ariel. Salongiõhtud kahe lauto ja lauluga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    26. okt. toimuvad Tartu Saksa Kultuuri Instituudi saalis kontserdid Tartu ja Tartumaa rahvamuusikutelt. 26.-27. okt. toimub Tallinnas V juudi süvakultuuri festival "Ariel", mille peaesinejaks on klarnetist David Krakauer ansambliga Klezmer Madness1 USAst. Corelli Musicu salongiõhtutel festivali "Fiesta de la Guitarra" raames esineb trio koosseisus Stewart McCoy (lautomängija), Robert Staak (lautomängija) ja Maria Staak (laulja), kontserdid 5. nov. sarjas "Maardu mõisa muusikasalong", 8. nov. Pärnu hotellis sarjas "Café Grandi muusikasalong" ja 9. nov. Mooste mõisas sarjas "Mõisaromantika"

  13. Devjatõi arhitekturnõi konkurs Europan vporu Tartu / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2008-01-01

    Üleeuroopalise arhitektuurikonkursi "Europan 9" tulemused Eesti võistlusaladel. Tallinna Paljassaare sadamaala: II koht - töö "Developing a Waterside City", Sayman Bostanci. Tartu Annelinna-äärne loodusväärtuslik krunt: I koht - "Urban Ecosystem Design", Pierre-Yves Rustant, II - "Pockets of Illusion", Yuri Gerrits, Martin Birgel. Toodud ka kaks äramärgitud tööd, Rootsi-Eesti ühisžürii liikmed (Eestist Andres Alver, Triin Ojari, varuliige Inga Raukas)

  14. Internationality meets locality - ART IST KUKU NU UT festival in Tartu / Tanel Rander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rander, Tanel, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Kunstifestivalist ART IST KUKU NU UT. Näitusest "Möh? Fui! Öäk! Ossa! Vau! Eesti kaasaegse kunsti klassika" (06.09.-18.11.2012) Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Festivali projektijuht Kaisa Eiche, kunstiline juht ja näituse kuraator Rael Artel. Näitusel osalesid Jaan Toomik, Raul Meel, Kai Kaljo, Johnson & Johnson, Anna-Stina Treumund ja Flo Kasearu. Chris Fitzpatrick'u kureeritud näitusest "Sõida tasa üle silla" (07.-30.09.2012) galeriis Noorus. Kuku Nunnu stipendiaadi Eike Epliku isikunäitusest "Tüdruk, kes kõike arnastas" (07.09.-28.10.2012) Y-galeriis

  15. Portfolio optimization with short-selling and spin-glass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schianchi, A.; Bongini, L.; Degli Esposti, M.; Giardinà, C.

    2002-01-01

    n this paper, we solve a general problem of optimizing a portfolio in a futures markets framework, extending the previous work of Galluccio et al. [Physica A 259, 449 (1998)]. We allow for long buying/short selling of a relatively large number of assets, assuming a fixed level of margin requirement.

  16. Effects of selling public intervention stocks of skimmed milk powder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongeneel, Roel; Silvis, Huib; Verhoog, David; Daatselaar, Co

    2018-01-01

    At the request of the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, this report analyses the potential market impacts and budgetary effects of different strategies of selling EU public intervention stocks of skimmed milk powder
    (SMP). A gradual phasing out of the EU's SMP stocks over

  17. Adaptive Selling and Organizational Characteristics: Suggestions For Future Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Vink (Jaap); W.J.M.I. Verbeke (Willem)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper the relationship between adaptive selling and organizational behavior is analysed. Specifically, it is discovered that adaptive behavior is a multifaceted concept which is not linearly related to the organizational characteristics in the way it was operationalized in a

  18. Availability of websites offering to sell psilocybin spores and psilocybin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Jason P; Marlowe, Douglas B; Forman, Robert F

    2009-09-01

    This study assesses the availability of websites offering to sell psilocybin spores and psilocybin, a powerful hallucinogen contained in Psilocybe mushrooms. Over a 25-month period beginning in March 2003, eight searches were conducted in Google using the term "psilocybin spores." In each search the first 100 nonsponsored links obtained were scored by two independent raters according to standardized criteria to determine whether they offered to sell psilocybin or psilocybin spores. No attempts were made to procure the products offered for sale in order to ascertain whether the marketed psilocybin was in fact "genuine" or "counterfeit." Of the 800 links examined, 58% led to websites offering to sell psilocybin spores. Additionally, evidence that whole Psilocybe mushrooms are offered for sale online was obtained. Psilocybin and psilocybin spores were found to be widely available for sale over the Internet. Online purchase of psilocybin may facilitate illicit use of this potent psychoactive substance. Additional studies are needed to assess whether websites offering to sell psilocybin and psilocybin spores actually deliver their products as advertised.

  19. Report on the Audit of Foreign Direct Selling Costs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1990-01-01

    This is our final report on the Audit of Foreign Direct Selling Costs. The Contract Management Directorate made the audit from October 1989 to January 1990 in response to a requirement in U.S.C., title 10, Sec. 2324(f)(5...

  20. Report on the Audit of Foreign Direct Selling Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-18

    This is our final report on the Audit of Foreign Direct Selling Costs. The Contract Management Directorate made the audit from October 1989 to...The objective of the audit was to assess whether DoD regulations provided the appropriate incentives to stimulate exports by the. U.S. Defense

  1. Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    MootorReisi Aktsiaseltsi kümne aastaseks saamise puhul korraldati konverents "Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus". MootorReisi AS-i tekkimisest. Vt. samas: Intervjuu MootorReisi AS-i juhatuse esimees Hugo Osulaga

  2. The Adaptive Consequences of Pride in Personal Selling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.J.M.I. Verbeke (Willem); F.D. Belschak (Frank); R.P. Bagozzi (Richard)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractStudy 1 investigates the beneficial effects of experiencing pride. Pride was found to have two different effects. First, it increases salespersons' performance-related motivations. Specifically, it promotes adaptive selling strategies, greater effort, and self-efficacy. Secondly, it

  3. Commercialism in Schools: Supporting Students or Selling Access?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    1998-01-01

    This information brief discusses the impact of commercialism in schools. It asks the question of whether such advertising is supporting students or is simply selling access. It describes how children are a desirable market since they have most of their purchases ahead of them; they can also frequently convince parents to buy items. The brief…

  4. Optimal strategy for selling on group-buying website

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuan Jiang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to help business marketers with offline channels to make decisions on whether to sell through Group-buying (GB websites and how to set online price with the coordination of maximum deal size on GB websites. Design/methodology/approach: Considering the deal structure of GB websites especially for the service fee and minimum deal size limit required by GB websites, advertising effect of selling on GB websites, and interaction between online and offline markets, an analytical model is built to derive optimal online price and maximum deal size for sellers selling through GB website. This paper aims to answer four research questions: (1 How to make a decision on maximum deal size with coordination of the deal price? (2 Will selling on GB websites always be better than staying with offline channel only? (3 What kind of products is more appropriate to sell on GB website? (4How could GB website operator induce sellers to offer deep discount in GB deals? Findings and Originality/value: This paper obtains optimal strategies for sellers selling on GB website and finds that: Even if a seller has sufficient capacity, he/she may still set a maximum deal size on the GB deal to take advantage of Advertisement with Limited Availability (ALA effect; Selling through GB website may not bring a higher profit than selling only through offline channel when a GB site only has a small consumer base and/or if there is a big overlap between the online and offline markets; Low margin products are more suitable for being sold online with ALA strategies (LP-ALA or HP-ALA than high margin ones; A GB site operator could set a small minimum deal size to induce deep discounts from the sellers selling through GB deals. Research limitations/implications: The present study assumed that the demand function is determinate and linear. It will be interesting to study how stochastic demand and a more general demand function affect the optimal

  5. Loojatega/loojate loomingust : Tartu Forseliuse gümnaasiumi 31. kirjanduspäeval / Hiie Saumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saumaa, Hiie

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Forseliuse Gümnaasiumi 31. kirjanduspäev toimus 28. märtsil 2002.a. kandes nime "Üle kõige on maailmal vaja ...". Esinesid Paul-Eerik Rummo, Kauksi Ülle, Jürgen Rooste, Priit Kruus ja Hedda Maurer

  6. Paar küsimust võõrkeeleõpetajate koolitamise kohta Tartu ülikoolis / Marcus Hildebrandt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hildebrandt, Marcus

    2015-01-01

    Tänavu sügisest rakendatakse Tartu ülikooli õpetajakoolituse magistrikoolis uut võõrkeeleõpetaja õppekava, mille lõpetanu saab tulevikus õpetada kuni kolme ainet: kas ühte või mitut võõrkeelt või võõrkeelt ja mõnda teist humanitaarainet

  7. Tartu Ülikooli teadur kaitses Cambridgeì Ülikoolis doktorikraadi / Krõõt Nõges

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõges, Krõõt

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli filosoofia osakonna teadur ja eetikakeskuse stipendiaat Eva Piirimäe kaitses Cambridgeì Ülikoolis doktorikraadi ideede ajaloo erialal doktoritööga "Thomas Abbt (1738-1766) and the Philosophical Genesis of German Nationalism"

  8. Archaeological Pilot Study of the Gallows Hill in Tartu / Martin Malve, Anu Kivirüüt, Raido Roog ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Esimene teade Tartu võllamäest pärineb 1558. aastast. Võllas oli kasutusel 18. sajandi keskpaigani, hiljem asus samas paigas tuuleveski. Eeluuringute käigus ei paljandunud ühtegi konstruktsiooni ega leidu, mis kindlalt viitaks kesk- ja varauusaegsele hukkamispaigale

  9. Tallinna-Tartu liinil jääb käima üks rong / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2001-01-01

    Teede- ja sideminister Toivo Jürgenson ning Edelaraudtee juhatuse esimees Henn Ruubel allkirjastasid reisijateveo lepingu, mille järgi jääb Tallinna-Tartu liinil käima üks rong päevas. Uued bussiliinid

  10. VAT on leasing : [teadusmagistritöö] / Denis Polman ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Irene Kull, Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polman, Denis

    2003-01-01

    Liisingu mõiste erinevusi, liisingtehingute käibemaksustamise ülevaade, liisingutehingute käive Euroopa Liidu ühtse käibemaksusüsteemi seisukohalt, liisingu käibemaksukäsitlus Eestis. - Kaitses 16. 01. 2004. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  11. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  12. Personal selling constructs and measures: Emic versus etic approaches to cross-national research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Herché (Joel); M.J. Swenson (Michael); W.J.M.I. Verbeke (Willem)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractEvaluates transportability of personal selling measures across cultural boundaries. Concept of measurement development; Emic and etic approaches to developing measures for cross-cultural applications; Cross-national dimensionality, reliability and construct validity of adaptive selling

  13. Book selling and e-books in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Maceviciute

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the issue of the understanding of the book-selling situation as Swedish booksellers see it. It pursues the answers to the following questions: 1. What are the perceptions of Swedish booksellers of the impact of e-books on their business? 2. What drivers are important for Swedish booksellers for adopting and developing e-book sales through their own sales channels? 3. What do they perceive as barriers to e-book selling through their own channels? The authors have employed the analysis of the secondary statistical data and a survey of Swedish booksellers to answer their questions. The results of the investigation have shown that the Swedish booksellers do not feel their bookshops, or business in general, are threatened by e-books. The opinions on e-books do not differ between the few selling e-books and others who do not offer this product. The reasons for selling e-books are well-functioning routines and personal interest in the product. The reasons for not selling the books are the lack of demand and technical resources as well as contractual agreements with e-book publishers or vendors. So, technical resources for e-book sales, routines, and contracts with publishers are the main premises for this activity. The biggest barriers to e-book sales are: a the price as one can see not only in the answers of the booksellers, but also in the drop of sales obviously related to the rise of prices during 2014; b lack of demand from customers who do not enquire about e-books in bookshops. This leads to the belief that e-books will be sold mostly online either directly from publishers and authors or through online booksellers. However, an equal number of booksellers believe that physical bookshops will be selling printed books and e-books in the future. The future of e-books seems to be quite secure and non-threatening to printed books from the point of view of booksellers. The growth of e-book sales is quite slow and the respondents

  14. Facts versus feelings? The effectiveness of hard versus soft sell appeals in online advertising

    OpenAIRE

    De Veirman, Marijke; Hudders, Liselot; Cauberghe, Veroline

    2015-01-01

    In two experimental studies, the advertising effects of hard versus soft sell appeals are investigated. Both studies show that in online advertising (banner ads and viral video ads), soft sell appeals in advertisements on high involvement products generate a more positive attitude towards the ad than hard sell appeals. In print advertising however, hard sell appeals lead to a more positive Aad, due to the fact that the advertisement is perceived as less irritating and more credible. Additiona...

  15. Personal selling constructs and measures: Emic versus etic approaches to cross-national research

    OpenAIRE

    Herché, Joel; Swenson, Michael; Verbeke, Willem

    1996-01-01

    textabstractEvaluates transportability of personal selling measures across cultural boundaries. Concept of measurement development; Emic and etic approaches to developing measures for cross-cultural applications; Cross-national dimensionality, reliability and construct validity of adaptive selling (ADAPTS) and customer-oriented selling (SOCO).

  16. A Framework for Personalized Dynamic Cross-Selling in E-Commerce Retailing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timalsina, Arun Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Cross-selling and product bundling are prevalent strategies in the retail sector. Instead of static bundling offers, i.e. giving the same offer to everyone, personalized dynamic cross-selling generates targeted bundle offers and can help maximize revenues and profits. In resolving the two basic problems of dynamic cross-selling, which involves…

  17. ANALYSIS OF A DIRECT SELLING NETWORK FOR AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Placido Rapisarda

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sicily has become a food and wine area of great interest. However, conflicts within the supply chains have caused the selling process to become long and complex to the disadvantage of farmers, thereby leading to an information asymmetry between producers and consumers.In order to meet the new needs of the agrifood sector, we developed a theoretical model of organized direct selling that goes beyond regional boundaries, which is an alternative model to farmers’ markets and that helps to promote the creation of a network among the operators of Sicilian agrifood supply chains. The aims of this study was to verify the potential of the proposed theoretical model based on a SWOT analysis, which was achieved by collecting data from interviews with the producers involved in the Sicilian agrifood supply chains, and with the main stakeholders involved.

  18. Successful selling of packed fresh fruit and vegetable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radmila Presová

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the marketability of packaged fruit and vegetables, as a new trend of satisfying consumer needs, in connection with selling-culture of stall selling and self-stores sales. It emphasize fact that food have to be wrapped into the quality, health packages, under the conditions of the Act. 477/2001 Coll.Specific data for the analytical part of this paper was provided by Hortim International Ltd. This company has operate on the Czech market since 1995. Analysis of the economic results confirmes the legitimacy of the sale of packaged fresh fruits and vegetables, but there will be neccesary longer lasting promotion. This fact also confirmed the research of consumer demand, that was made by authors. Determinant for the success sales are these factors: consumer confidence that the packaged products of fruit and vegetables are high quality.

  19. Modified TAROT for cross-selling personal financial products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tee, Ya-Mei; LEE, Lai-Soon; LEE, Chew-Ging; SEOW, Hsin-Vonn

    2014-09-01

    The Top Application characteristics Remainder Offer characteristics Tree (TAROT) was first introduced in 2007. This is a modified Classification and Regression Trees (CART) used to help decide which question(s) to ask potential applicants to customise an offer of a personal financial product so that it would have a high probability of take up. In this piece of work the authors are presenting, they have further modified the TAROT to cross TAROT, using its properties and modeling steps to deal with the issue of cross-selling. Since the bank already has ready customers, it would be ideal to cross-sell the financial products seeing that one can ask one (or more) further question(s) based on the initial offer to identify and customise another financial product to offer.

  20. Personal Level Customer Orientation in Russian Direct Selling Market

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Rozhkov

    2014-01-01

    In the modern world the importance of customer orientation cannot be underestimated. It hugely impacts the overall business performance, as well as separate areas of business-customer interaction. In this paper, we examine the role of personal level relations and customer orientation in the direct selling industry in the Russian market. Based on a sample of over 6000 participants in 74 regions of Russia, we develop a model revealing the factors that define the level of customer orientation in...

  1. Group Buying: A New Mechanism for Selling Through Social Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoqing Jing; Jinhong Xie

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines a unique selling strategy, Group Buying, under which consumers enjoy a discounted group price if they are willing and able to achieve a required group size and coordinate their transaction time. We argue that Group Buying allows a seller to gain from facilitating consumer social interaction, i.e., using a group discount to motivate informed customers to work as "sales agents" to acquire less-informed customers through interpersonal information/knowledge sharing. We formall...

  2. Potential benefits of selling by auction the CIP 6 energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campidoglio, C.

    2000-01-01

    This paper analyses the potential benefits of selling by auction the CIP 6 energy. This would both reduce the supply shortage and the prices on the eligible market, increase competition on the contract-for-difference market, indicate a clear price to which regulated energy charges could be indexed, thus extending the auction benefits to the franchise market to avoid the reintroduction of cross-subsidies [it

  3. Energiatõhusus ja selle hind / Tõnu Mauring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mauring, Tõnu, 1968-

    2010-01-01

    Austri arhitekti Georg W. Reinbergi raamatust "Ecological Architecture - Design, Planning, Realization" (2008). Uuringust, mis võttis kokku aastatel 2003-2008 Viini ehitatud elamute valimi andmed ning millest järeldub, et suuremate hoonete puhul võib passiivmaja maksumus olla madalenergiamajadega ühesugune. Vajadusest ehitada Eestis valmis oma näited, leidmaks, kas tõhus energia kasutamine ja inimsõbralik hoone on või ei ole konfliktis selle rajamise hinnaga

  4. Top-selling childbirth advice books: a discourse analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Holly Powell; Nardini, Katrina; McLeod-Waldo, Rebecca; Ennis, Linda

    2009-12-01

    Recent evidence suggests that one-third of women receive information about pregnancy and childbirth through books. Messages about what characteristics are normal (or expected) in childbirth are disseminated in a variety of ways, including popular childbirth education books, but little study of them has been conducted. The purpose of this investigation is to address that gap by examining the discussions about childbirth in the 10 top-selling books in the United States. Discourse analysis (relating to the public, personal, and political discussions about a specific phenomenon) was used to study 10 best-selling United States childbirth advice books marketed to childbearing women during the first week of November 2007. Book styles ranged from clinical descriptions of pregnancy and birth primarily offering reassurance, self-help information, and danger signs to more folksy and humorous commentaries. Presentation of scientific evidence to support recommendations was uneven and at times inaccurate. Five focal areas of discourse included body image, labor and birth, pain, power and control, and life preparation for motherhood. Top-selling books shine an interesting light on the current state of United States maternity practices. Women and health professionals should assess them carefully and engage with each other about their recommendations and implications for childbirth.

  5. [Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garleff, Michael, 1940-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003. Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007

  6. Tartu ülikooli kohus 19. sajandil / Jüri Jegorov ; tõlkinud vene keelest Olja Kivistik, Marju Luts-Sootak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jegorov, Jüri, 1922-

    2012-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli kohtuorganite struktuurist ja asjaajamise arengust 19. sajandil. Kohtu kompetentsist, kohtumenetlusest, 1803. ja 1820. aasta põhikirjadest, üliõpilasreeglitest, kohtu määratud karistustest ning tudengite aukohtust

  7. Teaduskonverents ühest epohhist Eesti teoloogia ajaloos : "Elmar Salumaa 100" Tartu Ülikoolis ja EELK Usuteaduse Instituudis 09.-10.05.2008 / Thomas-Andreas Põder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põder, Thomas-Andreas, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Tartu Ülikoolis ja Tallinnas EELK Usuteaduse Instituudis 9.-10.05 2008 toimunud teoloog Elmar Salumaa 100. sünnipäeva tähistamisele pühendatud konverentsi ettekannetest ja diskussioonidest

  8. Lapsendamise sotsiaalsed ning psühholoogilised aspektid Eesti ja Soome võrdluses : [magistritöö] / Kalmer Puusepp ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Kalmer, 1972-

    2013-01-01

    Lapsendamise mõiste ajaloolisest arengust Eesti ja Soome õiguskorras, abikaasade õiguslikust regulatsioonist lapsendamisel Eestis ja Soomes, lapsendamise peamistest sotsiaalsetest aspektidest Eestis ja Soomes, lapsendamise psühholoogilistest aspektidest, Tartu Maavalitsuse ja Helsingi linna sotsiaal - ja tervise ameti arvamustested

  9. [Eda Kalmre. The human sausage factory : a study of post-war rumour in Tartu] / Véronique Vincent-Campion

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vincent-Campion, Véronique

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Kalmre, Eda. The human sausage factory : a study of post-war rumour in Tartu. Amsterdam ; New York : Rodopi, 2013. (On the boundary of two worlds : identity, freedom, and moral imagination in the Baltics, 1570-7121 ; 34)

  10. Prolonged outbreak of Serratia marcescens in Tartu University Hospital: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Vivika; Mitt, Piret; Pisarev, Heti; Metsvaht, Tuuli; Telling, Kaidi; Naaber, Paul; Maimets, Matti

    2012-10-31

    The aim of our study was to investigate and control an outbreak and identify risk factors for colonization and infection with Serratia marcescens in two departments in Tartu University Hospital. The retrospective case-control study was conducted from July 2005 to December 2006. Molecular typing by pulsed field gel electrophoresis was used to confirm the relatedness of Serratia marcescens strains. Samples from the environment and from the hands of personnel were cultured. The outbreak involved 210 patients, 61 (29%) developed an infection, among them 16 were invasive infections. Multivariate analysis identified gestational age, arterial catheter use and antibiotic treatment as independent risk factors for colonization and infection with Serratia marcescens. Molecular typing was performed on 83 Serratia marcescens strains, 81 of them were identical and 2 strains were different. Given the occasionally severe consequences of Serratia marcescens in infants, early implementation of aggressive infection control measures involving patients and mothers as well as the personnel is of utmost importance.

  11. How to Sell SaaS: A Model for Main Factors of Marketing and Selling Software-as-a-Service

    OpenAIRE

    Tyrväinen, Pasi; Selin, Joona

    2011-01-01

    Software-as-a-Service providers have been growing fast while the contemporary research literature has neglected analysis of their business-critical marketing and sales processes. In this paper we collect the key factors characterizing how to market and sell SaaS to business customers into an eight dimensional model. We also use an explorative multi-case study to observe six SaaS providers and validate the model. The interviewed providers emphasized use of the Internet for ma...

  12. Insider dealing : [bakalaureusetöö] / Sander Zibo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zibo, Sander

    1997-01-01

    Käsitlus, insider dealingu reguleerimise pooltargumendid (firma kaitse, turukaitse, info kaitse) ja vastuargumendid (motivatsioon, turu efektiivsus, järelevalve), Euroopa Liidu insider dealing direktiiv, regulatsioon Eestis, võrdlus Soome ja Saksamaa vastava regulatsiooniga (sisekauplemise mõiste, siseinfo ja selle avalikustamine, siseinfot omavad isikud, keelatud tegevus, järelevalve, koostöö, sanktsioonid)

  13. Oluline lepingurikkumine taganemisõiguse eeldusena : [magistritöö] / Monika Palu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palu, Monika

    2009-01-01

    Olulise lepingurikkumise mõistest ja selle rakendusalast, objektiivsetest elementidest, tahtlusest või raskest hooletusest kohustuse rikkumisel olulise lepingurikkumise subjektiivsete elementidena, rikkumise liikidest

  14. Siim Nestor soovitab : Rulers of the Deep. Tartu Popi ja Roki Instituut. Väliskülalised / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Duo Rulers of the Deep heliplaadi "Next Evolution" esitlustest 28. apr. Ranna klubis Sillamäel, 29. apr. klubis Hollywood Tallinnas, 30. apr. Rakvere teatrikohvikus, 5. mail klubis Privé Tallinnas, 6. mail klubis Illusion Tartus. Ansambli Tartu Popi ja Roki Instituut esikalbumi "Madise margikogu" esitlusest 29. apr. Sõbra Majas Tartus. James Mowbray 28. apr. klubis Privé Tallinnas ja 29. apr. klubis Illusioon, Maga Mo peol "Bassikultuur" 28. apr. Von Krahlis Tallinnas

  15. Personal Level Customer Orientation in Russian Direct Selling Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Rozhkov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world the importance of customer orientation cannot be underestimated. It hugely impacts the overall business performance, as well as separate areas of business-customer interaction. In this paper, we examine the role of personal level relations and customer orientation in the direct selling industry in the Russian market. Based on a sample of over 6000 participants in 74 regions of Russia, we develop a model revealing the factors that define the level of customer orientation in personal level interactions.

  16. Time dependent optimal switching controls in online selling models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradonjic, Milan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cohen, Albert [MICHIGAN STATE UNIV

    2010-01-01

    We present a method to incorporate dishonesty in online selling via a stochastic optimal control problem. In our framework, the seller wishes to maximize her average wealth level W at a fixed time T of her choosing. The corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellmann (HJB) equation is analyzed for a basic case. For more general models, the admissible control set is restricted to a jump process that switches between extreme values. We propose a new approach, where the optimal control problem is reduced to a multivariable optimization problem.

  17. Selling or telling? A theory of ruin value:Selling or Telling? Paradoxes in tourism, culture and heritage

    OpenAIRE

    Pihl, Ole Verner

    2011-01-01

    Selling or telling? : A theory of ruin value  Abstract: To what extent can tourism be described as an agent of peace? Can war and conflict be reconciled through tourism? Why is the children's memorial in Hiroshima so important and why is the Holocaust memorial in Berlin a reconciliating and fascinating monument?  The post apocalyptic vision in our mainstream mass culture is a broad genre and is loaded with heavy, dramatic architecture and landscapes of destruction; most religions have these d...

  18. Electronic Tickets, Smart Cards, and Online Prepayments: When and How to Advance Sell

    OpenAIRE

    Jinhong Xie; Steven M. Shugan

    2001-01-01

    Advance selling occurs when sellers allow buyers to purchase at a time preceding consumption (Shugan and Xie 2000). Electronic tickets, smart cards, online prepayments, and other technological advances make advance selling possible for many, if not all, service providers. These technologies lower the cost of making complex transactions at a greater distance from the seller's site. They also give sellers more control over advance selling by decreasing arbitrage. As technology enhances the capa...

  19. EOQ model for perishable products with price-dependent demand, pre and post discounted selling price

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhi, G.; Karthikeyan, K.

    2017-11-01

    In this article we introduce an economic order quantity model for perishable products like vegetables, fruits, milk, flowers, meat, etc.,with price-dependent demand, pre and post discounted selling price. Here we consider the demand is depending on selling price and deterioration rate is constant. Here we developed mathematical model to determine optimal discounton the unit selling price to maximize total profit. Numerical examples are given for illustrated.

  20. Cross-correlations in volume space: Differences between buy and sell volumes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sun Young; Hwang, Dong Il; Kim, Min Jae; Koh, In Gyu; Kim, Soo Yong

    2011-03-01

    We study the cross-correlations of buy and sell volumes on the Korean stock market in high frequency. We observe that the pulling effects of volumes are as small as that of returns. The properties of the correlations of buy and sell volumes differ. They are explained by the degree of synchronization of stock volumes. Further, the pulling effects on the minimal spanning tree are studied. In minimal spanning trees with directed links, the large pulling effects are clustered at the center, not uniformly distributed. The Epps effect of buy and sell volumes are observed. The reversal of the cross-correlations of buy and sell volumes is also detected.

  1. Gentrification in a Post-Socialist Town: The Case of the Supilinn District, Tartu, Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nele NUTT

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the changes that have taken place in the Supilinn district in Tartu, Estonia due to the gentrification process. The gentrification process affects the cultural, social, economic, and physical environment of the area. People have been interested in this topic since the 1960s. Nowadays, there is also reason to discuss this issue in the context of Estonia and of the Supilinn district. Studying and understanding the processes that take place in the living environment, provides an opportunity to be more aware about them and to influence the development of these processes. This article provides an analysis of the conditions necessary for gentrification in the Supilinn district, describes the process of gentrification, and tries to assess the current developmental stage of the gentrification process. Cities are shaped by their people. Every area has a unique look that is shaped not only by the physical environment, but also by the principles, values, and wishes of its residents. Local residents influence the image of the mental and the physical space of the area. What changes has the development of the Supilinn district caused in the population of the area, and how have the residents, in turn, changed the district?

  2. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  3. Juridical consequences of liberalization. Part 3. Selling a gas company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koster, W.

    2000-01-01

    The liberalization of the natural gas market in Europe has all kinds of juridical aspects. Not only with respect to new legislation (Natural Gas Law and Mining Law), but also changes in juridical structures of natural gas companies, caused by privatization or splitting up in a mains management company and a distribution company. In a series of articles lawyers of the Energy Working Group of Houthoff Buruma in The Hague, Netherlands, discuss the developments at the natural gas market. In this third part, attention will be paid to how authorities involved (municipalities, provinces) can prepare themselves properly with respect to selling the gas company and how they can retain their influence on the future activities of the gas company using legal and contractual agreements. In the article also attention is paid to the various stages of a sale

  4. Selling health data: de-identification, privacy, and speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Bonnie

    2015-07-01

    Two court cases that involve selling prescription data for pharmaceutical marketing affect biomedical informatics, patient and clinician privacy, and regulation. Sorrell v. IMS Health Inc. et al. in the United States and R v. Department of Health, Ex Parte Source Informatics Ltd. in the United Kingdom concern privacy and health data protection, data de-identification and reidentification, drug detailing (marketing), commercial benefit from the required disclosure of personal information, clinician privacy and the duty of confidentiality, beneficial and unsavory uses of health data, regulating health technologies, and considering data as speech. Individuals should, at the very least, be aware of how data about them are collected and used. Taking account of how those data are used is needed so societal norms and law evolve ethically as new technologies affect health data privacy and protection.

  5. NE seeks to sell power directly to customers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    Nuclear Electric, the state-owned company that operates nuclear power stations in England and Wales, has applied to compete directly with privatized electricity generating companies in the sale of electricity to major customers. Since its formation in 1990, NE has had to sell all of its electrical output through the so-called pool operated by the National Grid Company, and then to 12 regional distribution companies that have franchises for about 75 percent of electricity consumption in their regions. On the other hand, the two large companies that took over the fossil-fuel power stations at the time of privatization, and other new independent companies that are building combined-cycle gas-turbine plants, are allowed to conclude supply contracts directly with large industrial customers

  6. Eleven essential steps to purchasing or selling a medical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, William

    2014-01-01

    Based on our experience in representing more than 100 doctors and medical specialists in practice sales and acquisitions, we have identified 11 key considerations important to a deal. There are several issues to consider while going through the process of buying or selling a practice including the implementation of a "letter of intent" as a first step rather than drafting a contract, securing a lease, and verifying the property is not in violation of the local zoning requirements. There are also considerations with regard to the patients, which range from how will the accounts receivable at the time of the closing be handled to who is responsible for the handling of continued treatment in an ongoing case after a deal is finalized. This article details these considerations and more.

  7. Sul on miljoni dollari idee? Nemad aitavad sul selle rahaks teha / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti kultuurivahendajatest, nende nappusest. Kultuurikorraldusest, loomest ja ettevõtlusest, kultuuriturundusest, loomemajandusest, mänedžeri ja looja koostööst, kultuuri ekspordist. Kultuurikorraldajate koolitusest Tartu Ülikoolis ning Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemias. Arvamust avaldavad galerist Olga Temnikova, Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimees Ilona Gurjanova, kontserdikorraldaja Helen Sildna, Ville Jehe disainibüroost Keha3, Von Krahli Teatri projektijuht Elo-Liis Parmas, moekorraldaja Merilyn Kesküla jt.

  8. δ13C chemostratigraphy of the Middle and Upper Ordovician succession in the Tartu-453 drillcore, southern Estonia, and the significance of the HICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heikki Bauert

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The δ13C isotope data from the Tartu-453 core section in southern Estonia enabled creation of a continuous Ordovician carbon isotope record, ranging from the Floian to the end of the Hirnantian. Five positive δ13C excursions and one negative δ13C excursion were recognized. Most of the positive excursions correspond to those defined on the Baltoscandian carbon isotope chemostratigraphic scheme, except for the Paroveja and Rakvere ICEs which are not well expressed in the Tartu-453 curve. Besides the positive δ13C excursions, a distinctive negative δ13C excursion, the Lower Sandbian NICE, was recorded in the Tartu-453 succession. The well-expressed HICE extends about 10 m higher than the traditional Ordovician–Silurian boundary (between the Porkuni and Juuru regional stages into the Juuru Regional Stage, suggesting that the Ordovician–Silurian boundary is positioned significally higher than traditionally suggested for the East Baltic area.

  9. Süütuse presumptsioon kriminaalmenetluses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Vitali Jarosevitš ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Poigo Nuuma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jarosevitš, Vitali

    2009-01-01

    Kriminaalmenetluse printsiipide mõistest ja selle tähtsusest süütegude uurimisel. Süütuse presumptsiooni käsitlemisest Eestis ja rahvusvahelisel tasandil ning selle tagamisest kriminaalmenetluses

  10. Kontribusi Penggunaan Personal Selling Dalam Kegiatan Komunikasi Pemasaran Pada Era Pemasaran Masa Kini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suherman Kusniadji

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In today’s marketing era, consumers seem to have known about marketed products and no longer need explanation from a salesperson. The interaction between company and target consumers can be marketed through new media such as email, Facebook, WA, Instagram, and other forms. Such situations need to be in-depth researched in terms of whether personal selling contribution is still needed in marketing communication activities. Considering the uniqueness and personal selling advantages turns out that personal selling is an important partner that can not be replaced by other forms of marketing communications even if there is exposure to new media to promote products. The specialty of personal selling lies in its ability to interact directly to improvise the sales process through person to person communication. Dalam era pemasaran masa kini nampaknya konsumen dianggap sudah mengetahui tentang produk yang dipasarkan dan tidak memerlukan lagi penjelasan dari seorang wiraniaga. Interaksi perusahaan dengan pembeli sasaran dapat dilakukan melalui media baru seperti email, facebook, WA, instagram dan bentuk lainnya. Situasi demikianlah yang memerlukan kajian mendalam dalam kaitannya bagaimana peran personal selling dalam kegiatan komunikasi pemasaran di era digital? Memperhatikan keunikan dan kelebihan personal selling ternyata personal selling merupakan mitra penting yang tidak dapat tergantikan oleh bentuk komunikasi pemasaran lainnya sekalipun ada terpaan media baru untuk mempromosikan produk. Keistimewaan personal selling terletak pada kemampuannya untuk berinteraksi secara langsung untuk mengimprovisasi proses penjualan melalui komunikasi person to person.

  11. An intervention to reduce the number of convenience stores selling tobacco: feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paynter, Janine; Glover, Marewa; Bullen, Chris; Sonia, Deepika

    2016-05-01

    Reduction of the availability of tobacco has been proposed as a means of reducing and denormalising tobacco use. Some retailers have stopped selling tobacco. Therefore, we investigated how willing New Zealand convenience store owners were to stop selling tobacco or sell nicotine replacement therapy. Promotion of their stores was offered as an incentive to stop selling tobacco. We asked convenience store owners in the Auckland metropolitan region of New Zealand to choose one of three actions. The first was to stop selling tobacco for a short period of time; the second was to restrict the hours that they sold tobacco; the third was to display and sell nicotine replacement therapy. All participating retailers completed a short interview about selling tobacco. We also surveyed customers about nicotine replacement and cessation. One-third of eligible retailers agreed to participate. Most who participated (93%) were unwilling to stop or restrict tobacco sales and 2 (7%) had already stopped selling tobacco. Tobacco was perceived as a key product for their businesses. Very few customers who purchased cigarettes noticed nicotine replacement therapy or obtained it from convenience stores. Substantially reducing the availability of tobacco in communities is likely to require legislative approaches, underpinned by sustained community pressure and support for convenience store owners who are willing to change their business model. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  12. 31 CFR 356.0 - What authority does the Treasury have to sell and issue securities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to sell and issue securities? 356.0 Section 356.0 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... sell and issue securities? Chapter 31 of Title 31 of the United States Code authorizes the Secretary of... AND ISSUE OF MARKETABLE BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BILLS, NOTES, AND BONDS (DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...

  13. 9 CFR 201.67 - Packers not to own or finance selling agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Packers not to own or finance selling... STOCKYARDS ACT Trade Practices § 201.67 Packers not to own or finance selling agencies. No packer subject to the Act shall have an ownership interest in, finance, or participate in the management or operation of...

  14. E-selling: A new avenue of research for service design and online engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parvinen, P.; Oinas-Kukkonen, H.; Kaptein, M.C.

    2015-01-01

    E-selling is an activity that is distinct from e-commerce, e-marketing and e-retailing. E-selling is conceptualized to be computer–human dialog characterized by the digital spatio-temporal locus, the psychology of online persuasion, and complex perceptions of value. This definition warrants that

  15. E-selling : A new avenue of research for service design and online engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parvinen, Petri; Oinas-Kukkonen, Harri; Kaptein, M.C.

    2015-01-01

    E-selling is an activity that is distinct from e-commerce, e-marketing and e-retailing. E-selling is conceptualized to be computer–human dialog characterized by the digital spatio-temporal locus, the psychology of online persuasion, and complex perceptions of value. This definition warrants that

  16. Kuriteoohvrite abistamisest Eestis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Gerda Sepp ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Gerda

    2009-01-01

    Viktimoloogia mõistest ja olemusest, kuritegevusest Eestis viimasel viiel aastal, kuriteo negatiivsest mõjust selle ohvrile, ohvrite reaalsetest võimalustest abisaamiseks praeguses Eestis, hinnangust ohvriabi süsteemile Eestis

  17. Keskkonnaõiguse meetod : [bakalaureusetöö] / Rita Annus ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Hannes Veinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Rita

    1996-01-01

    Keskkonnaõiguses kasutatavate õigusliku reguleerimise vahendite üldiseloomustus, Eesti keskkonnaõiguse eesmärk ja selle saavutamiseks kasutatavad vahendid, keskkonnaekspertiis preventiivse vahendina keskkonnaõiguses

  18. Maakondlik omavalitsusliit kohaliku omavalitsuse reformi kontekstis : [magistritöö] / Tõnis Roots ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Vallo Olle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Tõnis

    2010-01-01

    KOV süsteemi reformimist tingivatest teguritest, põhiseaduslikest tingimustest, maakondlike omavalitsusliitude õiguslikust staatusest ja pädevusest kehtivas õiguskorras ja selle muudatustest seoses kohalike omavalitsuste reformiga

  19. Factors Associated With American Indian and White Adolescent Drug Selling in Rural Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eitle, David; Eitle, Tamela McNulty

    2014-01-01

    Relatively few studies have examined the correlates of adolescent drug selling in America, with most of these studies focusing on urban settings. The present study examines the risk and protective factors associated with drug selling among American Indian and white adolescents residing in a rural Northwestern state in the United States. Using survey data collected in 2010-2012, we conduct logistic regression analyses exploring the correlates of drug selling (n=568). Generally, we found support for prior explanations of drug selling, but identified some important race-specific differences. Specifically, we found that stress exposure was a risk factor for American Indians, but not whites. Conversely, academic achievement served as a protective factor for white adolescents but not American Indians. Our findings suggest that the race gap in rural drug selling can be explained by considering differences in social bonds, stress exposure, and exposure to substance using family and friends. PMID:26120365

  20. Selling gas, selling services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moncel, V.

    1999-01-01

    Traditionally, the commercial activities of gas companies have been limited almost exclusively to the sale of gas. However, several socioeconomic factors specific to the gas industry, such as increasing customer expectations, competition between gas operators, a growing emphasis on services in many companies and the opening of public monopolies to competition, will bring inevitable change. Moreover, these developments coincide with imminent gas market opening. In response to the changing situation, the gas industry will seek to develop a range of multi-service offers, probably through external partnerships. (authors)

  1. Selling the selling point

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plesner, Ursula; Horst, Maja

    2012-01-01

    This article explores how virtual worlds are rhetorically constructed as obvious, innovative spaces for communication about architecture. It is argued that the marketization of an innovative use of new media platforms happens in early phases of the innovation processes, and the success of new media...... of the communication about the innovation. It is demonstrated that the creation of markets does not begin when innovations such as Virtual Worlds Architecture are settled, but is intertwined with early expectations about their promises and limitations. Rather than seeing virtual worlds as settled and secluded sites...

  2. [PhD theses at the University of Tartu/Dorpat supervised by Georg Dragendorff 1864-1894].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrikus, T; Tankler, H; Raal, A

    2005-05-01

    During 30 years, the professor of pharmacy Georg Dragendorff (1836-1898), who had been invited from Germany, supervised 90 theses of Master of Pharmacy and 87 theses of Doctor of Medicine in Tartu/Dorpat. The present article discusses the authors of these theses, Dragendorff and his co-operation with other university lecturers, the structure of the theses and the regulations of the thesis defence. Analysis of the contents of the theses revealed extensive contacts of the pharmacy of the time with different fields of science. Dragendorff as the supervisor of these theses contributed much to the training of physicians.

  3. Treatment of endometrial cancer in Tartu Oncology hospital in 1981-1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ojamaa, A.

    1998-01-01

    Aim of study: to analyse the treatment results of patients with endometrial cancer (EC) in Tartu Oncology Hospital in 1981-1991. EC affects mostly postmenopausal women. Materials and methods: treatment results of 302 patients with EC (age range 31-87 years, mean age 62 years) were studied. Treatment modalities in individual cases were chosen considering the stage of the disease and prognostic factors - e.g. myometrial invasion, histologic grade, histotype ect. Particular treatments were as follows: 1) surgery; 2) radiotherapy; 3) systemic (hormono- and chemo-) therapy; 4) combined therapy. Results: surgery was performed in 293 cases. We used FIGO NEWS 1989 classification. 252 (83,4%) patients were in stage I. 5 years survival was as follows: 1) surgical treatment (24 patients) - 73%; 2) surgery + hormonotherapy (70 patients) - 86%; 3) surgery + post surgical adjuvant radiotherapy (42 patients) - 79%; 4) surgery + radiotherapy + hormonotherapy - 78%. 12 (4%) patients were in stage II. Combined therapy was performed. 5 years survival in this group was 42%. 35 (11,6%) patients were in stage III or IV. Combined treatment with surgery was performed in 91% of cases, radiotherapy in 77% of cases, hormonotherapy in 83% of cases and chemotherapy in 23% of cases. 5 years survival in stage III was 42% and in stage IV 22%. Conclusion: Surgical treatment combined with hormonotherapy in early stages (0 and 1) of EC revealed significantly better 5-years for patients, with lower risk for recurrence, compared with patients treated with surgery alone. Surgical treatment and / or combination therapy with surgery for patients having advanced stage of EC showed better outcome than radiotherapy or systemic therapy alone. (Full text)

  4. Family planning and the labor sector: soft-sell approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teston, R C

    1981-01-01

    Dr. Cesar T. San Pedro, the director of the company clinic at Dole Philippines plantation in South Cotabato in Region 11, has been pressing the management to initiate a comprehensive family planning programs for their 10,000 workers. Pedro wants the Ministry of Labor and Employment (MOLE) to enforce its population program. The situation at Dole is one that requires an arbiter. Since 1977, there has not been a Population/Family Planning Officer (PFPO) for the area, and it is not possible to monitor closely if the qualified firms are following the labor code and providing family planning services to their employees. Susan B. Dedel, executive director of the PFPO, has reported that the office has sought to endear its program to the private sector by showing that family planning is also profitable for the firm. This "soft-sell" approach has been the hallmark of the MOLE-PFPO since it began in 1975 as a joint project of the Commission on Population (POPCOM), United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), and International Labor Organization (ILO). Some critics have argued that this liberal style of implementation is short-selling the program. They point out that the Labor Code of 1973 enforces all establishments with at least 200 employees to have a free in-plant family planning program which includes clinic care, paid motivators, and volunteer population workers. The critics seem, at 1st glance, to have the statistics on their side. In its 5 years of operation, the PFPO has convinced only 137,000 workers to accept family planning. This is quite low, since of the 1.2 million employed by the covered firms, 800,000 are eligible for the MOLE program. Much of the weakness of the implementation is said to be due to the slow activation of the Labor-Management Coordinating Committees (LMCC). The critics maintain that because of the liberal enforcement of Department Order No. 9, the recalcitrant firms see no reason to comply. Dedel claims that the program is on the

  5. Selling from Ontario into the U.S. midwest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, B.

    2002-01-01

    The market structure of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) for the electric power grid was described with reference to physical bilateral markets, multi-control areas, and MISO services such as security coordination, congestion management, billing, generator interconnections, tariff administration, energy imbalance, market monitoring, and electronic scheduling. The drivers impacting MISO development include MISO-PJM-SPP common market initiative, the FERC Standard Market Design initiative, the integration of alliance companies with MISO, and the division of functional responsibilities between RTOs and ITCs. The characteristics of the Michigan market were described, along with participation in the midwest (Ohio and Michigan) wholesale and retail markets. It was noted that in order for Ontario to sell to the midwest, the Ontario market design would need a successful export bid each hour to get power out of the province. Sales of ancillary services from Ontario-based generation are not permitted in the initial Ontario market design. Energy and transmission is currently bundled in Ontario tariffs. 1 fig

  6. Selling from Ontario into the U.S. midwest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, B. [Ontario Power Generation Inc., Toronto, ON (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    The market structure of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) for the electric power grid was described with reference to physical bilateral markets, multi-control areas, and MISO services such as security coordination, congestion management, billing, generator interconnections, tariff administration, energy imbalance, market monitoring, and electronic scheduling. The drivers impacting MISO development include MISO-PJM-SPP common market initiative, the FERC Standard Market Design initiative, the integration of alliance companies with MISO, and the division of functional responsibilities between RTOs and ITCs. The characteristics of the Michigan market were described, along with participation in the midwest (Ohio and Michigan) wholesale and retail markets. It was noted that in order for Ontario to sell to the midwest, the Ontario market design would need a successful export bid each hour to get power out of the province. Sales of ancillary services from Ontario-based generation are not permitted in the initial Ontario market design. Energy and transmission is currently bundled in Ontario tariffs. 1 fig.

  7. Urania in the Marketplace: Using Telescopes to Sell Consumer Goods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumstay, Kenneth S.

    2018-01-01

    For well over a century the iconic image of the astronomical telescope has been widely used to promote distinctly non-astronomical consumer goods. One of the most famous of early examples is the 1893 Chicago newspaper advertisement for Kirk’s Soap, which was inspired by the opening of the Yerkes Observatory. But such usage was not limited to periodicals. Advertising trade cards had become popular at the end of the 17th century in Europe, notably in Paris and London. In a time prior to the introduction of formal systems of street address numbering, they served as both advertisement and map, directing consumers to the merchants' stores. In many cases, attention was drawn to the product by picturing it as a heavenly body to be observed telescopically! In the 20th century trade cards gave way to the modern business card, and manufacturers began to increasingly rely on magazine and newspaper (and radio and television) advertising. But the telescope remains an evocative image! In modern advertising we see it used to sell an incredible variety of consumer goods: candy, coffee, cigarettes, whiskey, foodstuffs, clothing; the list is endless! Examples of these, along with earlier Victorian-era usages, are presented. This work was supported by a faculty development grant from Valdosta State University.

  8. ON PRICE CHOICE AT SELLING OF INFORMATION RESOURCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. S. Ivanova

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of the pricing policy determination in the company, selling information resource at the market. The problem of the optimal price determination for an information resource is solved depending on the time for the case when the seller-company has no competitors in the market, the market is saturated, and buyers are not able to further spread of the resource. Conditions for the optimal choice of information resource price have been obtained; the maximum possible income of the company has been calculated for linear demand function, and conditions, determining the duration and volume of sales, providing the maximum of average income of the company, have been obtained as well. The problem of optimal price choice is solved by macrosystem approach that has made it possible to reduce it to the isoperimetric kind. It is shown that the optimal price dependence on time for a linear demand function should provide a linearly increasing rate of sales. Conditions have been derived under which the sales proceedings for an information resource are positive, relationship is determined between volume of sales and timeline at which the average income during the sales reaches its maximum. The results are given in dimensionless form, thereby reducing the number of independent parameters. These results are usable for the pricing analysis of software and other information products.

  9. USING CHILDREN TO SELL: CHILDHOOD AND ADVERTISING OF CONSUMER MAGAZINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Deporte Andrade

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present society, also identified as a "consumer society" (Bauman, 2008, people, irrespective of gender, age, social and financial conditions, are all called for consumption. In this article we turn to the childhood and approached one of the faces of their insertion into the society of consumers, trying to show how children are used to sell. As a frame of theoretical reference we adopt, among others, the writings of Zygmunt Bauman, Juliet Schor and Robert Bocock, dealing with contemporary versions of consumption. Analyzing weekly magazines of large circulation, we discuss how productive it is for the economic market the alliance between childhood and consumption and we argue that this use of children in publicity contributes for a new conception of childhood: the childhood of consumption. An erotized childhood, always wanting more and never feeling satisfied, focused in acquiring and showing off. This is the childhood that is coming to school with new interests, preferences and behavior, deserving our entire attention. Key-words: contemporary childhood, childhood and consumption, consumer society, advertising, magazines.

  10. European experience of regulating distance selling of medicines for Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pashkov, Vitalii; Hrekov, Yevhen; Hrekova, Maryna

    Some countries have already tried and tested mechanisms of regulating distance sales as form of distribution of medicines that have been used more or less effectively for a fairly long time. Herewith, so far, the approach of the competent authorities of some countries including Ukraine can be called prevailing in quantitative terms under which the official prohibition on distance sales of medicines is set. The aim of this study is a detailed examination of the nature of the prohibition of the medicines distance selling in Ukraine, namely the an analysis of advantages and disadvantages of this form of distribution of medicines and identification of appropriate ways for gradual repeal of the prohibition in terms of regulatory reform in Ukraine in the sphere of circulation of medicines due to the process of adaptation of statutory regulation in this area to the EU legislation. This study is based on Ukrainian regulation acts, Council Directives 97/7/EC, 2000/31/EC, 2001/83/EC, scientific works and opinions of progressiveminded people in this sphere. Such methods as dialectical, comparative, analytic, synthetic and comprehensive have been used in the article. Reception of the described experience of regulation in EU will allow a further review of the principles of regulation in Ukraine in the sphere of medicines with a shift in the main emphasis in the direction of ensuring adequate consumer rights in this area and preventing the risks of patients' and public health.

  11. Selling orthodontic need: innocent business decision or guilty pleasure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, Marc Bernard

    2010-05-01

    The principal objective for most patients seeking orthodontic services is a detectable improvement in their dentofacial appearance. Orthodontic treatment, in the mind of the patient, is something that makes you look better, feel better about yourself, and perhaps enhances your social possibilities, ie, to find a companion or make a positive impression during a job interview. Orthodontics, as a speciality, has collectively advanced the idea that enhanced occlusion (bite) improves the health and longevity of the dentition, and as a result many patients seeking orthodontic services affirm that their secondary goal of treatment is an oral health benefit. It would appear that there is some disparity between the end-user of orthodontic services and the orthodontic provider's perception of what constitutes orthodontic need. The aim of this paper is to examine two contrasting models that characterise how dentists 'sell' orthodontic services to patients and to discuss the conflict between professional ethics, practice management and evidence-based decision-making in orthodontic practice.

  12. ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE ON CUSTOMER LOYALTY FOR DIRECT SELLING COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia BOBALCA

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to investigate Romanian direct sellers’ perceptions on customers’ loyalty. The research objectives are: (1 to identify the direct sellers’ perceptions on the concept of loyalty; (2 to identify the main loyalty techniques that direct sellers use in their work with the clients; (3 to frame the portrait of a loyal customer. As a research method, we used qualitative research based on depth interviews. It is an exploratory and instrumental research, the results being used for building a questionnaire for a future survey. The investigated population is represented by direct selling women, with ages beteeen 19 and 30 years. For direct sellers, loyalty is an attitude and also a behavior, it means buying from the same company, from the same seller and preferring the products of the company. The main loyalty techniques that direct sellers use in their work with the clients are: promotional actions, personalization the relation with the client and offering stimulants. The loyal customer is the one who buys companies’ products every month or at least quarterly, spends a monthly amount of 100 Ron on these products, works with the same seller, pays on time for the order, doesn’t look only after promotions, loves the products, recommends the company to others, doesn’t return the order, wants to buy more products from the company and trusts its products.

  13. The selling of mental health services: some ethical reflections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, M

    1993-01-01

    Since the introduction of public mental health services in Israel, the main principle of our work has been to provide equal and free of charge health services to all patients. We were proud of our ability to provide optimal treatment to all patients in all our facilities, regardless of cost or status of insurance. During the last decade, the cost of providing good quality public health services, including mental health services, has constantly increased, and the system has reached a state of financial distress resulting in insufficiency and inability to perform properly. In order to maintain the level of mental health services, the health authorities started planning a system of payment for various mental health services which, until now, were supplied free of charge. This change of policy and attitude towards the population in need poses severe ethical and practical questions and problems. It is questionable that the amount of income ensuing from the sale of mental health services and whether a relatively small financial profit justify possible injury of the population in need of these services, especially the sicker and weaker members of it. This article raises some ethical doubts involved in charging money for psychiatric services that are given to this special group of the mentally ill, and claims that the feasibility of selling services in this area of public health should be reinvestigated.

  14. Recessions and the participation of youth in the selling and use of illicit drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkes, Jeremy

    2011-09-01

    There has been limited research on how recessions (or more generally, the strength of the economy) affect drug use and the related outcome of drug selling. This is especially important, given the current economic crisis. This paper aims to use a conceptual framework, previous research, and new research to predict how the current economic crisis may be affecting youth drug selling and drug use. A conceptual framework to understand how a recession could affect youth drug selling and drug use is presented, along with a review of the literature on empirical investigations on how the strength of the economy affects these behaviours among teenagers. In addition, new analyses for young adults are presented. The conceptual framework postulates that a recession would have direct positive effects on the prevalence of youth drug selling but ambiguous direct effects on youth drug use. The conceptual framework also postulates that drug selling and drug use are inter-connected at the individual level and the aggregate level. Thus, any effect of a recession on one would likely affect the other in the same direction. The limited empirical evidence indicates that both drug selling and drug use among youth are higher when the economy is weaker. The current economic crisis will likely increase both youth drug selling and drug use relative to what they would have otherwise been. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  15. A typology of drug selling among young adults in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, Michael G; Salas-Wright, Christopher P; DeLisi, Matt; Shook, Jeffrey J; Terzis, Lauren

    2015-02-01

    Although studies have found that young adults who sell drugs are more likely to be involved in risky behaviors than those who do not sell drugs, there has been relatively little research that has explored heterogeneity among young adults who sell drugs. Using a pooled sample of 18 to 25 year olds from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2006-2010) who report past-year drug selling (N = 5,373), this study employs latent profile analysis to specify latent groups and assess the correlates of group membership. Findings indicate substantial differences among young adults who sell drugs. In particular, the analysis found four groups of drug sellers: normative (49.6%), club drug users (23.6%), polysubstance users (16.0%), and criminal offenders (10.8%). Club drug users were characterized by high levels of ecstasy and hallucinogen use, polysubstance users were more likely to be depressed and anxious, White and female than the other groups. Criminal offenders were overwhelmingly male and more likely to be comprised of African-Americans and Hispanics. RESULTS indicate that drug selling in early adulthood varies substantially. Contrary to media and popular notions most drug sellers are not involved in crime and polysubstance using drug sellers are in clear need of mental health services. Further, most drug sellers in this age range are White. Findings suggest that policy efforts that operate under the assumption of homogeneity of drug selling may be misguided.

  16. 12 CFR 617.7610 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7610 Section 617.7610 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT... institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the previous owner, (1) Within 15 days of the System institution's decision to sell acquired agricultural real estate, it must...

  17. 12 CFR 617.7620 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? 617.7620 Section 617.7620 Banks and... What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? System institutions electing to sell or lease acquired agricultural real estate or a...

  18. Bundling for creating cross-selling potentials of energy supply companies; Cross-Selling-Potenziale bei Energieversorgungsunternehmen durch Bundling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinnbauer, M. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    As most of the electric utilities in Germany have decided by now to adopt the multi-utility strategy for sales promotion in the open electricity market, a questionnaire has been distributed to 1 000 households in order to find out whether product bundling or cross selling in combination with the low-interest product 'electricity' is a good strategy to enlarge the customer basis. EFOplan (Munic University) and the consulting firm Accenture have been in charge of the survey. The results show the current status of insight of household customers and their motives to change supplier, as well as the pattern of demand for product bundling. (orig./CB) [German] Da mittlerweile die meisten EVUs eine Multi-Utility-Strategie anstreben, wurde mittels einer schriftlichen Befragung von 1 000 deutschen Haushalten untersucht, ob die Vermarktung von Zusatz- bzw. Buendelprodukten in Kombination mit dem Low-Interest-Produkt Strom erfolgsversprechend ist. Die Befragung, die von EFOplan (Universitaet Muenchen) in Kooperation mit der Unternehmensberatung Accenture durchgefuehrt wurde, zeigt einerseits den aktuellen Status von Informationsstand und Wechselmotiven beim Stromkauf und andererseits die Bedarfsstruktur im Hinblick auf moegliche Buendelprodukte. (orig.)

  19. Tartu Ülikooli 86. aastapäeva tähistamine Torontos : "Põhjamaine järjekindlus ja hiinlase kannatus" / Tiina Ann Kirss ; fotod: V. Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Tiina, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    aktusega Tartu Collegéis 27. novembril 2005. Ülikooli rektor Jaak Aaviksoo analüüsis oma kõnes TÜ arenguvõimalusi ja päevamuresid, Tiina Kirss esitas sissevaate ülikooli ajalukku, muusikalises osas esinesid Kaili ja Riho Maimets

  20. Archaeological investigations at the town wall of Viljandi and the construction site Tartu street 8A / Arvi Haak, Priit Lätti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haak, Arvi, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Linnamüüri väljapuhastamisest Viljandi raekoja taga. Järelvalvetöödega Tartu tänaval selgus, et keskaegne kiht uuritaval alal puudus (või polnud tekkinud), kultuurkiht sisaldas 18. ja 19. saj. leide

  1. Medieval and Early Modern Suburban Site in Tallinn, Tartu Road 1: Contexts and Structures / Ulla Kadakas, Guido Toos, Anneli Kalm ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Väljakaevamised toimusid kvartalis, mille lõunaservas kulges ajalooline Tartu maantee, ning paarisaja meetri kaugusel asus ülepääs Härjapea jõest - nn Kivisild. Kinnistute põhistruktuur näib üsna püsivana, tegemist on pikkade pisut edela-kirde suunaliste kruntidega

  2. Tartu Ülikooli tegevusest ja võitlusist Eesti ülikooli pärast 1941-1944 / Edgar Kant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kant, Edgar, 1902-1978

    2002-01-01

    1941.a. juulis määrati TÜ rektori kohustustesse Eesti Vabariigi-aegne viimane TÜ prorektor Edgar Kant. Ülevaate Tartu Ülikooli tegevusest ja võitlusest Eesti ülikooli pärast 1941/42 kuni 1943/44.a. saatis E.Kant Otto Tiefi valitsuse kohtuministrile Johannes Klesmentile

  3. Exploring university core values with the critical incident technique : an example of students' perceptions at the University of Tartu / Krista Jaakson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaakson, Krista, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Uuringu tulemustest selgus, et Tartu Ülikoolil on võimalik oma konkurentsieelise otsimisel ja sihtgruppide teadvustamisel rõhuda kooli põhiväärtustele ning nende kaudu end haridusmaastikul paremini positsioneerida. Tabelid. Diagramm. Lisad lk. 81-85

  4. Skulptorid õpivad ametit nüüd tuulekindlas hoones : Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool avab täna uued ruumid / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli Eha tänava õppehoone uutest ruumidest, kommenteerivad Vallo Nuust, Mati Karmin. Õppehoone rekonstruktsiooni eelprojekt valmis arhitektuuribüroos Künnapu ja Padrik. Kunstikooli toimetiste sarjas ilmusid Peeter Linnapi raamat "Silmakirjad" ja parimate diplomitööde teoreetilisi osi koondav kogumik "Lend 2006"

  5. Tartu abiturientide elu võimalus: päev Ühendriikide sõjalaeva pardal / Mari-Liis Pintson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pintson, Mari-Liis

    2017-01-01

    USA suursaadik James D. Melville juunior tegi Tartu Kristjan Jaak Petersoni gümnaasiumi kooliperele üllatuse ja kutsus rühma abituriente sel nädalal Tallinnas viibiva Ameerika Ühendriikide sõjalaeva USS Hué City pardale.

  6. Ümberpööratud tõendamiskoormise õiguspärasus ja selle kuritarvitamise võimalused kuritegeliku tulu konfiskeerimisel : [teadusmagistritöö] / Jevgenia Žurina ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Parmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Žurina, Jevgenia

    2010-01-01

    Kuritegeliku tulu konfiskeerimise regulatsioonist rahvusvaheliselt (ÜRO, FATF, EN, EL) ja Eestis (KarS § 83) ; ümberpööratud tõendamiskoormise põhimõttest ja seda järgivate riikide praktikast (UK, Belgia, Taani, Norra, Holland) ; õiguspärasusest ; kuritarvitamise võimalustest

  7. Osalisriigi koostöökohustus Rahvusvahelise Kriminaalkohtuga ja selle piirid. Loovutamist välistavad kokkulepped ja nende õiguspärasus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ruth Roger ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Lauri Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roger, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Osalisriigi kohustus teha koostööd Rahvusvahelise Kriminaalkohtuga (riikidevaheline koostöö kriminaalasjades, siseriiklik regulatsioon koostöö võimaldamiseks), koostöökohustuse piirid (erand - riigikaitsealase dokumendi esitamine, piirang - kollisioonid Rooma statuudi ja väljaandmislepingu vahel, immuniteedi piirang), loovutamist välistavad kahepoolsed kokkulepped

  8. Maailma dopinguvastane koodeks : selle vastavus inimõiguste ja õiguse üldpõhimõtetele : [bakalaureusetöö] / Jane Kalda ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: René Värk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Jane

    2010-01-01

    Maailma Antidopingu Agentuurist ja Maailma antidopingu koodeksist, inimõigustest ja õiguse üldiste põhimõtete rollist dopinguvaidlustes, koodeksi artiklite vastavusest inimõiguste ja õiguse üldpõhimõtetele

  9. Eesti Vabariigi kriisireguleerimise seadusandlus ja selle mõju sadamate valmisolekule reostustõrjeks : [bakalaureusetöö] / Külliki Vain ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Anatoli Alop, Hannes Veinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vain, Külliki

    2010-01-01

    Kriisireguleerimise eeldustest, merereostuse astmetest, reostustõrje kriisireguleerimise seadusandlusest, reostuse ennetamisest ja tõrjest sadamates, juhtumitest Eestis (Alhambra 2000. a., Loode-Eesti 2006. a., Runner-4 2006. a.), elanikkonna kaitsest

  10. Sõnumisaladuse kaitse tööandjale kuuluvate sidevahendite kasutamisel ning karistusõiguslik vastutus selle õiguse rikkumisel : [magistritöö] / Olev Kirst ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Jaan Ginter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirst, Olev

    2012-01-01

    Põhimõistete määratlemisest, sõnumisaladuse kaitse piiridest, sõnumite jälgimise vajadusest ja ulatusest, tööandja sidevahendite jälgimise õiguslikest alustest ja põhimõtetest ning praktikast, karistusõiguslikust vastutusest sõnumisaladuse rikkumisel ja kohtupraktikast (Eesti, Soome, Saksamaa, Venemaa)

  11. Lepingulise esindaja õigus ütluste andmisest keelduda tsiviilkohtumenetluses ning selle õiguse seos konfidentsiaalsuskohustusega : [magistritöö] / Jako Laanemägi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andreas Kangur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemägi, Jako

    2010-01-01

    Ütluste andmisest tsiviilprotsessis, advokaadi osast, õigusnõustaja rollist, prokuristist e. menetlusosalise lepingulisest esindajast kohtumenetluses, notari osast, muu isiku rollist (nt. patendivolinik)

  12. Äriühinguõiguse ühtlustamine Euroopa Liidus ja selle mõju Eesti õigusele : [magistritöö] / Greete-Kristiine Kuru ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuru, Greete-Kristiine, 1989-

    2013-01-01

    Äriühinguõiguse ühtlustamise alustest ja läbiviimisest Euroopa Liidus, äriühingute piiriülesest asukohavahetusest Euroopa Liidus, äriühingute piiriülese ühinemise regulatsioonist Euroopa Liidus

  13. Ettevaatusprintsiip keskkonnaõiguses ja selle vabakaubandust piirav iseloom Euroopa Liidu ja Maailma Kaubandusorganisatsiooni kontekstis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Airi Andresson ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Hannes Veinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andresson, Airi, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Ettevaatusprintsiibi areng ja mõistmine kui rahvusvahelise õiguse printsiip, keskkonnaõiguse printsiip, vabakaubandus ja keskkond, WTO vabakaubandusrežiim, ettevaatusprintsiip kui vabakaubanduse piiraja

  14. Sotsiaalne kapital ja selle mõõtmine / Väino Kuri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuri, Väino

    2003-01-01

    Sotsiaalse kapitali mõistest ning lähenemisviisidest selle defineerimiseks. Sotsiaalse kapitali mõõtmisest Suurbritannias ja Soomes. Senisest Eesti kogemusest sotsiaalset kapitali puudutavate statistiliste andmete kogumisel. Tabel: Sotsiaalset kapitali iseloomustavad näitajad.

  15. 18 CFR 367.9120 - Account 912, Demonstrating and selling expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... incurred in promotional, demonstrating, and selling activities, except by merchandising, the object of... expenses of merchandising, jobbing and contract work (§ 367.4160), or 930.1, General advertising expenses...

  16. Research on service strategy of electricity selling company under the reform of electricity market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Zhuhan; Meng, Shiyu; Dou, Jinyue; Zeng, Ming; Sun, Chenjun

    2017-10-01

    The opening of the sale side of electricity market is an important goal of the new round of power system reform in China, and it is necessary to speed up the establishment and development of the electricity selling companies to achieve this goal. First of all, this paper defines the key problems, which are needed to be solved in the establishment of the sale side market, such as demand side response, optimization of users' power consumption mode, profit mode of electricity selling companies and fair competition in the market. On this basis, this paper analyzes the business of electricity selling company, from the aspects of the transition of business ideas, improving the energy efficiency level, providing integrated energy solutions and innovating business management mode; and then, the service strategies of electricity selling companies are put forward.

  17. Ragn-Sells: Reformierakond kandib prügiraha! / Mihkel Kärmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärmas, Mihkel, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Firma Ragn-Sells kahtlustab, et Reformierakonda rahastati prügiärist kanditud miljonitega. Ragn-Sellsi kirjast riigikontrollile, õiguskantslerile ja siseministrile. Konkureeriva firma Veolia juhataja Argo Luude seisukoht

  18. Power points: how to design and deliver presentations that sizzle and sell

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mills, Harry

    2007-01-01

    ... Flow and Direction Sell the Sizzle Starting Strongly Making Your Point Finishing in Style Bridging with Transitions Tried and Proven Organizational Patterns Use a Persuasive Structure to Add Cohere...

  19. IMPLEMENTATION OF PERSONAL SELLING PT BANK TABUNGAN NEGARA (PERSERO, TBK IN PROMOTING PROGRAM SUPER UNTUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novita Eva Natalya

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Appearing many types of bank proves that business of banking is growing up rapidly and and competing to compile society’s found. Therefore, each bank does the best promotion in order to get the attention and trust from society. PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero, Tbk is using personal selling in promoting Program Super Untung in 2014, this research focuses on monitoring the process of implementation personal selling in Program Super Untung done by PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero,Tbk.This research aims to monitor the implementation of personal selling done by PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero,Tbk to promote Program Super Untung by using personal selling process method from Churchill,. Method applied in this research is descriptive qualitative with design of study case and technic of collecting data done by interviewing and compiling documents from the company related with the research. The result of this research discussed about implementation of personal selling done by PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero,Tbk in 2014. The steps of personal selling are prospecting for customer, opening the relationship, qualifiying the prospect, presenting the sales message, closing the sales, until servicing the account. This research concludes that personal selling has view steps, every steps have relationship and will influence the other steps. Every steps have substantial points that can influence the success of personal selling, i.e. good communication between seller and candidate of customer.  Muncul banyak jenis bank membuktikan bahwa bisnis perbankan berkembang pesat dan dan bersaing untuk menyusun masyarakat yang ditemukan. Oleh karena itu, setiap bank melakukan promosi terbaik agar mendapat perhatian dan kepercayaan dari masyarakat. PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero, Tbk menggunakan penjualan pribadi dalam mempromosikan Program Super Untung pada tahun 2014, penelitian ini berfokus pada pemantauan proses implementasi personal selling di Program Super Untung

  20. The relationship between diversion-related attitudes and sharing and selling buprenorphine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Shannon R; Anderson, Bradley J; Bailey, Genie L; Stein, Michael D

    2017-07-01

    Buprenorphine medication-assisted treatment (B-MAT) is an efficacious and popular outpatient treatment for opioid use disorder. However, the likelihood of buprenorphine diversion is a public health concern. We examined the relationship between attitudes toward diversion as predictors of both sharing and selling buprenorphine. Participants (n=476) were patients undergoing short-term inpatient opioid detoxification. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted association of sharing and selling buprenorphine with demographics, substance use behaviors, and attitudes toward sharing and selling buprenorphine. Among the two hundred persons who had ever been prescribed buprenorphine (73.4% male, 89% heroin users), 50.5% reported they had shared buprenorphine and 28.0% reported they had sold buprenorphine. Controlling for other covariates, the odds of sharing buprenorphine were 3.17 (95% CI 1.21; 8.32) times higher for persons who agreed that it was "right to share buprenorphine with dope sick friends" than for those who did not agree with this attitude. Attitudes toward selling (OR 2.92; 95% CI 1.35; 6.21) and sharing (OR 4.12; 95% CI 1.64; 10.32) buprenorphine were the only significant correlates of selling, with the odds of selling exponentially greater among persons with favorable attitudes toward sharing or selling buprenorphine. Although considered diversion, sharing B-MAT is normative among B-MAT patients. Assessing B-MAT patients' attitudes about diversion may help identify patients requiring enhanced oversight, education, or intervention aimed at modifying attitudes to reduce their likelihood to share or sell buprenorphine. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Ethical responsibilities of pharmacists when selling complementary medicines: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman Popattia, Amber; Winch, Sarah; La Caze, Adam

    2018-04-01

    The widespread sale of complementary medicines in community pharmacy raises important questions regarding the responsibilities of pharmacists when selling complementary medicines. This study reviews the academic literature that explores a pharmacist's responsibilities when selling complementary medicines. International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Embase, PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Philosopher's index databases were searched for articles written in English and published between 1995 and 2017. Empirical studies discussing pharmacists' practices or perceptions, consumers' expectations and normative studies discussing ethical perspectives or proposing ethical frameworks related to pharmacists' responsibilities in selling complementary medicines were included in the review. Fifty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies discussing the responsibilities of pharmacists selling complementary medicines had an empirical focus. Pharmacists and consumers identified counselling and ensuring safe use of complementary medicines as the primary responsibilities of pharmacists. No formal ethical framework is explicitly employed to describe the responsibilities of pharmacists selling complementary medicines. To the degree any ethical framework is employed, a number of papers implicitly rely on principlism. The studies discussing the ethical perspectives of selling complementary medicines mainly describe the ethical conflict between a pharmacist's business and health professional role. No attempt is made to provide guidance on appropriate ways to resolve the conflict. There is a lack of explicit normative advice in the existing literature regarding the responsibilities of pharmacists selling complementary medicines. This review identifies the need to develop a detailed practice-specific ethical framework to guide pharmacists regarding their responsibilities when selling complementary medicines. © 2018 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

  2. The search for organs: halachic perspectives on altruistic giving and the selling of organs

    OpenAIRE

    Kunin, J

    2005-01-01

    Altruistic donation of organs from living donors is widely accepted as a virtue and even encouraged as a duty. Selling organs, on the other hand, is highly controversial and banned in most countries. What is the Jewish legal (halachic) position on these issues? In this review it is explained that altruistic donation is praiseworthy but in no way obligatory. Selling organs is a subject of rabbinic dispute among contemporary authorities.

  3. Selles töös oli kaks õudust : vangla ja tants / Mait Malmsten ; interv. Tiina Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Malmsten, Mait

    2005-01-01

    Näitleja räägib oma tööst ja rollist rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilmis "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir. Filmi võtted toimusid Tartu vanglas

  4. E-commerce: Buying and Selling through Internet in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Jusuf Qarkaxhija

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Before internet was invented, there were invented numerous networks that helped American businesses in multiple savings. First of, they didn’t spend money on buying printers or scanners for the computers they possessed, meaning that the money spent before on buying hundreds of them, now was saved and used to buy a few of printers and scanners. How was this done? This worked by binding the entire computers of a floor to a single network. Second, the factor mostly taken into account is the energy saving and various abuses. Imagine the enormous amount of electricity that hundreds of printers and scanners would spend  and how much energy tens of them would spend, moreover  just think about how much these devices would be used in offices, where nobody is looking, for personal interests. American business, as the most creative one and the strongest was bothered by only one thing . This was the misuse of secret corporation information. These abuses occurred when the data had to be printed and transferred to corporate subsidiaries around the world. During the transfer the data could also be lost or damaged (intentionally or unintentionally and then the corporation would suffer losses (the data were transferred via floppy discs, or they were printed in hard copies. The solution for these problems came from the US military that had invented the internet earlier and after having consumed it for its own needs, decided to put it up for American businesses. The internet has developed its own services such as : www, ftp, e-mail, and buying and selling though internet (e-commerce. Nowadays, information exchanges with corporate branches are not made roughly, but electronically in real time. Additionally, this made it possible for a new category of web designers to be created and they created a powerful web-site through which some businesses created virtual shops and they started earning more money than they used to, in their physical stores. This American

  5. Tartu biomeditsiiniettevõtluse võimalused ja riiklikud poliitikad = Über die Möglichkeiten von Biomedizin-Unternehmen in Tartu und die staatliche Politik / Garri Raagmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raagmaa, Garri, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Teadmistepõhisest majandusest on küll palju räägitud, kuid selle sisu on jätkuvalt segane ja seetõttu ähvardab devalveeruda. Autori hinnangul on vaja enam kommunikatsiooni ning vastastikku arusaamist teadlaste, poliitikute ja ettevõtjate vahel. Vt. ka kommentaare lk. 217-222,467-472

  6. 22. ja 23. II esitatakse Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis ning 25. ja 26. II Tartu Sadamateatris tantsulavastust "Myrrh and Cinnamon"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Koreograafideks on G. Welzman ja R. Haver ning selles kasutatakse nelja eesti helilooja A. Pärdi, M.-M. Lille, L. Sumera ja E.-S. Tüüri muusikat. Eesti gastrollidel esitab muusikat NYYD Ensemble. Lisaks eesti muusikutele on laval ka P. Pärenson

  7. Apellatsioonimenetluse aeg tsiviilasjades Eesti Vabariigis ja seda mõjutavad tegurid : [magistritöö] / Sirje Viherpuu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mare Merimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viherpuu, Sirje, 1969-

    2013-01-01

    Mõistlikust menetlusajast ja selle eesmärgist tsiviilkohtumenetluses, menetlusajast Eesti Vabariigis apellatsioonimenetluses tsiviilasjade läbivaatamisel, takistavatest teguritest ja võimalustest menetluse kiirendamiseks

  8. Vanemaõiguste tekkimise alused Eesti ja välisriikide kunstliku viljastamise seadustes : [bakalaureusetöö] / Aiki Koni ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Edgar Salumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koni, Aiki

    2002-01-01

    Kunstliku viljastamise üldiseloomustus, homoloogiline inseminatsioon (kunstlik viljastamine konkreetse mehe seemnerakkudega), heteroloogiline inseminatsioon (kunstlik viljastamine doonori seemnerakkudega), topeltemadus ja selle õiguslik regulatsioon

  9. Implementation of fuzzy logic to determining selling price of products in a local corporate chain store

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristiana, S. P. D.

    2017-12-01

    Corporate chain store is one type of retail industries companies that are developing growing rapidly in Indonesia. The competition between retail companies is very tight, so retailer companies should evaluate its performance continuously in order to survive. The selling price of products is one of the essential attributes and gets attention of many consumers where it’s used to evaluate the performance of the industry. This research aimed to determine optimal selling price of product with considering cost factors, namely purchase price of the product from supplier, holding costs, and transportation costs. Fuzzy logic approach is used in data processing with MATLAB software. Fuzzy logic is selected to solve the problem because this method can consider complexities factors. The result is a model of determination of the optimal selling price by considering three cost factors as inputs in the model. Calculating MAPE and model prediction ability for some products are used as validation and verification where the average value is 0.0525 for MAPE and 94.75% for prediction ability. The conclusion is this model can predict the selling price of up to 94.75%, so it can be used as tools for the corporate chain store in particular to determine the optimal selling price for its products.

  10. Design of an ARM-based Automatic Rice-Selling Machine for Cafeterias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Kang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To address the problems of low selling efficiency, poor sanitation conditions, labor-intensive requirement, and quick rice cooling speed in manual rice selling in cafeterias, especially in colleges and secondary schools, this paper presented an Advanced RISC Machines (ARM microprocessor-based rice-selling machine for cafeterias. The machines consisted of a funnel-shaped rice bin, a thermal insulation box, and a conveying and scattering mechanism. Moreover, this machine exerts fuzzy control over stepper motor rpm, and the motor drives the conveyor belt with a scraper to scatter rice, deliver it, and keep it warm. Apart from an external 4*4 keyboard, a point of sale (POS machine, an ARM process and a pressure sensor, the machine is also equipped with card swiping and weighting mechanisms to achieve functions of card swiping payment and precise measurement, respectively. In addition, detection of the right amount of rice and the alarm function are achieved using an ultrasonic sensor and a beeper, respectively. The presence of the rice container on the rice outlet is detected by an optoelectronic switch. Results show that this rice-selling machine achieves precise measurement, quick card swiping, fast rice selling, stable operation, and good rice heat preservation. Therefore, the mechanical design enables the machine to achieve its goals.

  11. Biogas conference on direct selling and financing in France and in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furois, Timothee; Vollmer, Carla; Schlienger, Marc; Delagrandanne, Julien; Schwill, Jochen; Trommler, Marcus; Barchmann, Tino; Dotzauer, Martin; Durot, Alexandre; Ricordeau, Damien; Schuenemann-Plag, Peter; Wehner, Gustav; Wagner, Robert; Mestrel, Marc

    2016-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the regulatory context, direct selling and financing of methanation plants in France and in Germany. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 60 participants debated the following topics: direct selling impact on biogas industry, key-steps of methanation development in Germany, experience feedback of direct electricity selling and optimization of the production, banks experience feedback in methanation financing. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French support schemes for biogas (Timothee Furois); 2 - Development of the framework for biogas plants within the Renewable energy Sources Act from 2000 until 2015 (Carla Vollmer); 3 - Direct selling: challenges and opportunities (Marc Schlienger); 4 - The rules of the aggregator and electricity market (Julien Delagrandanne); 5 - Feed in Premium (FiP) with Biogas Power Plants, experiences in Germany (Jochen Schwill); 6 - Flexibilisation of biogas production - Impulses from EEG -legislation (Marcus Trommler); 7 - Bank approach in the direct selling approach (Alexandre Durot); 8 - Biogas Financing - Correlation between Return and Project Financing (Damien Ricordeau); 9 - Comparative economic analysis of various types of biogas plant Profitability of small and medium biogas plants on the basis of slurry and maize silage in Germany (Peter Schuenemann-Plag); 10 - experience feedback on important financing leviers (Gustav Wehner); 11 - Analysis of the different ways of methanation facilities financing (Robert Wagner); 12- The development of biogas project without recourse to purchase prices in France and Germany (Marc Mestrel)

  12. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2014 Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid Tondiraba jäähalli, Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituudi ja Viljandi laululava eest = The Endowment for Architecture's Annual Award 2014 Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid for the Tondira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kadarik, Ott, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Tondiraba jäähalli, Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituudi ja Viljandi laululava valmimisprotsessist. Karli Luige kommentaar Kultuurkapitali arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia laureaadi valimisest

  13. Rezension Voldemar Vaga, das Problem der Raumform in der mittelalterlichen Baukunst Lettlands und Estlands, Tartu 1960 / Hans Thümmler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thümmler, Hans

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Voldemar Vaga. Проблема пространственной формы в средневековой архитектуре Латвии и Эстонии. (TRÜ Toimetised. 86.) Tartu 1960

  14. Kohtuotsuse kassatsiooni korras tühistamise alused kriminaalmenetluses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Imbi Jürgen ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Eerik Kergandberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürgen, Imbi

    2003-01-01

    Kohtukaebuse mõiste, liigid, olulisemad instituudid, edasikaebeõigus kriminaalmenetluses kui põhiõigus, kassatsiooni põhitunnused Eesti kriminaalmenetluses, kassatsiooni aluste liigid ja süsteem, probleemidest Saksamaa ja Eesti kriminaalmenetluses, materiaalõiguse ebaõige kohaldamine ja menetlusõiguse rikkumine kui kohtuotsuse kassatsiooni korras tühistamise alused. - Kaitses 29. 05. 2003. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  15. Tallinn. Ärihoone Rävala 4. City Plaza Tartu mnt. 2 / Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Lõige, põhiplaan, 3 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet; arhitektuur: Alver Trummal Arhitektid; ärihoone Rävala pst. 4 - autorid: A. Alver, T. Trummal, T. Laht, I. Rünkla, U. Mets, S. Koppel; City Plaza Tartu mnt. 2. - autorid: A. Alver, T. Trummal, T. Laht, I. Rünkla, M. Melioranski, U. Mets, sisekujundus (fuajeed, restoran): P. Lausmäe

  16. Tartu füüsikud ja bioloogid saavad 24 miljonit krooni : TÜ füüsikainstituut ja Eesti Biokeskus / Martin Pau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pau, Martin, 1975-

    2000-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli füüsikainstituut ning Eesti Biokeskus saavad Euroopa Liidult 1,55 miljonit eurot ehk üle 24 miljoni krooni, rahastamaks nimekate välisteadlaste tööd Tartus ja Eesti teadlaste tööd välismaal. Euroopa Liidu programm Center of Excellence pärjas instituudi ja biokeskuse teadustööd maksimaalse hindega

  17. Determining optimal selling price and lot size with process reliability and partial backlogging considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Tsu-Pang; Cheng, Mei-Chuan; Dye, Chung-Yuan; Ouyang, Liang-Yuh

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we extend the classical economic production quantity (EPQ) model by proposing imperfect production processes and quality-dependent unit production cost. The demand rate is described by any convex decreasing function of the selling price. In addition, we allow for shortages and a time-proportional backlogging rate. For any given selling price, we first prove that the optimal production schedule not only exists but also is unique. Next, we show that the total profit per unit time is a concave function of price when the production schedule is given. We then provide a simple algorithm to find the optimal selling price and production schedule for the proposed model. Finally, we use a couple of numerical examples to illustrate the algorithm and conclude this article with suggestions for possible future research.

  18. Serious Delinquency and Gang Participation: Combining and Specializing in Drug Selling, Theft and Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Rachel A; Rowe, Hillary L; Pardini, Dustin; Loeber, Rolf; White, Helene Raskin; Farrington, David P

    2014-06-01

    Using Pittsburgh Youth Study data, we examined the extent to which over 600 gang members and non-gang involved young men specialized in drug selling, serious theft, or serious violence or engaged simultaneously in these serious delinquent behaviors, throughout the 1990s. We found that the increase in delinquency associated with gang membership was concentrated in two combinations: serious violence and drug selling; serious violence, drug selling, and serious theft. Several covariates were similarly associated with multi-type serious delinquency and gang membership (age, historical time, Black race, and residential mobility), suggesting that these behaviors may share common developmental, familial, and contextual risks. We encourage future research to further examine the association of gang membership with engagement in particular configurations of serious delinquency.

  19. Real Time Business Analytics for Buying or Selling Transaction on Commodity Warehouse Receipt System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djatna, Taufik; Teniwut, Wellem A.; Hairiyah, Nina; Marimin

    2017-10-01

    The requirement for smooth information such as buying and selling is essential for commodity warehouse receipt system such as dried seaweed and their stakeholders to transact for an operational transaction. Transactions of buying or selling a commodity warehouse receipt system are a risky process due to the fluctuations in dynamic commodity prices. An integrated system to determine the condition of the real time was needed to make a decision-making transaction by the owner or prospective buyer. The primary motivation of this study is to propose computational methods to trace market tendency for either buying or selling processes. The empirical results reveal that feature selection gain ratio and k-NN outperforms other forecasting models, implying that the proposed approach is a promising alternative to the stock market tendency of warehouse receipt document exploration with accurate level rate is 95.03%.

  20. A Partial Backlogging Inventory Model for Deteriorating Items with Fluctuating Selling Price and Purchasing Cost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Ling Yang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s competitive markets, selling price and purchasing cost are usually fluctuating with economic conditions. Both selling price and purchasing cost are vital to the profitability of a firm. Therefore, in this paper, I extend the inventory model introduced by Teng and Yang (2004 to allow for not only the selling price but also the purchasing cost to change from one replenishment cycle to another during a finite time horizon. The objective is to find the optimal replenishment schedule and pricing policy to obtain the profit as maximum as possible. The conditions that lead to a maximizing solution guarantee that the existence, uniqueness, and global optimality are proposed. An efficient solution procedure and some theoretical results are presented. Finally, numerical examples for illustration and sensitivity analysis for managerial decision making are also performed.

  1. Serious Delinquency and Gang Participation: Combining and Specializing in Drug Selling, Theft and Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Rachel A.; Rowe, Hillary L.; Pardini, Dustin; Loeber, Rolf; White, Helene Raskin; Farrington, David P.

    2014-01-01

    Using Pittsburgh Youth Study data, we examined the extent to which over 600 gang members and non-gang involved young men specialized in drug selling, serious theft, or serious violence or engaged simultaneously in these serious delinquent behaviors, throughout the 1990s. We found that the increase in delinquency associated with gang membership was concentrated in two combinations: serious violence and drug selling; serious violence, drug selling, and serious theft. Several covariates were similarly associated with multi-type serious delinquency and gang membership (age, historical time, Black race, and residential mobility), suggesting that these behaviors may share common developmental, familial, and contextual risks. We encourage future research to further examine the association of gang membership with engagement in particular configurations of serious delinquency. PMID:24954999

  2. International conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT-2013), 21-24 April 2013, Tartu, Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nõmmiste, Ergo; Kirm, Marco; Plank, Toomas

    2014-04-01

    The annual international conference Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT) was started in 2006 by scientists from the Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia. The warm welcome and open atmosphere of this scientific conference has turned it into an event where people from different countries and different fields come and meet under the shared umbrella of functional materials and nanotechnology. It is particularly important for early stage scientists who are looking for new knowledge and contacts with people from various fields to build their own network. Our Latvian colleagues, with their success in internationalization, made us neighbouring Estonians so jealous that we could not help but propose organising the conference every second year in Estonia. In a way, this conference is a continuation of the idea of the famous Baltic seminars which took place over several decades in the last century. Due to political constraints, these seminars were only open to scientists of former Eastern Europe countries, but had a great popularity and attendance from over the whole Soviet Union. Many collaborations started from the initial personal contact between scientists at these twice yearly seminars, held alternately in Latvia and Estonia. At the FM&NT 2012 conference, the decision was made that Institute of Physics, University of Tartu would organise the next event in Tartu in 2013. FM&NT-2013 was hence held in Tartu (Estonia) from 21-24 April 2013 at the Dorpat Conference Centre. The main selected topics of the conference were: (i) multifunctional materials, (ii) nanomaterials, (iii) materials for sustainable energy applications and (vi) theory. Additionally, the focus in this conference was on studies with the help of synchrotron radiation and other novel light sources such as free electron lasers. The conference provided an opportunity for 300 scientists from 21 countries to meet, establish contacts, exchange knowledge and discuss their research

  3. The Prevalence of Phosphorus Containing Food Additives in Top Selling Foods in Grocery Stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    León, Janeen B.; Sullivan, Catherine M.; Sehgal, Ashwini R.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To determine the prevalence of phosphorus-containing food additives in best selling processed grocery products and to compare the phosphorus content of a subset of top selling foods with and without phosphorus additives. Design The labels of 2394 best selling branded grocery products in northeast Ohio were reviewed for phosphorus additives. The top 5 best selling products containing phosphorus additives from each food category were matched with similar products without phosphorus additives and analyzed for phosphorus content. Four days of sample meals consisting of foods with and without phosphorus additives were created and daily phosphorus and pricing differentials were computed. Setting Northeast Ohio Main outcome measures Presence of phosphorus-containing food additives, phosphorus content Results 44% of the best selling grocery items contained phosphorus additives. The additives were particularly common in prepared frozen foods (72%), dry food mixes (70%), packaged meat (65%), bread & baked goods (57%), soup (54%), and yogurt (51%) categories. Phosphorus additive containing foods averaged 67 mg phosphorus/100 gm more than matched non-additive containing foods (p=.03). Sample meals comprised mostly of phosphorus additive-containing foods had 736 mg more phosphorus per day compared to meals consisting of only additive-free foods. Phosphorus additive-free meals cost an average of $2.00 more per day. Conclusion Phosphorus additives are common in best selling processed groceries and contribute significantly to their phosphorus content. Moreover, phosphorus additive foods are less costly than phosphorus additive-free foods. As a result, persons with chronic kidney disease may purchase these popular low-cost groceries and unknowingly increase their intake of highly bioavailable phosphorus. PMID:23402914

  4. The prevalence of phosphorus-containing food additives in top-selling foods in grocery stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    León, Janeen B; Sullivan, Catherine M; Sehgal, Ashwini R

    2013-07-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of phosphorus-containing food additives in best-selling processed grocery products and to compare the phosphorus content of a subset of top-selling foods with and without phosphorus additives. The labels of 2394 best-selling branded grocery products in northeast Ohio were reviewed for phosphorus additives. The top 5 best-selling products containing phosphorus additives from each food category were matched with similar products without phosphorus additives and analyzed for phosphorus content. Four days of sample meals consisting of foods with and without phosphorus additives were created, and daily phosphorus and pricing differentials were computed. Presence of phosphorus-containing food additives, phosphorus content. Forty-four percent of the best-selling grocery items contained phosphorus additives. The additives were particularly common in prepared frozen foods (72%), dry food mixes (70%), packaged meat (65%), bread and baked goods (57%), soup (54%), and yogurt (51%) categories. Phosphorus additive-containing foods averaged 67 mg phosphorus/100 g more than matched nonadditive-containing foods (P = .03). Sample meals comprised mostly of phosphorus additive-containing foods had 736 mg more phosphorus per day compared with meals consisting of only additive-free foods. Phosphorus additive-free meals cost an average of $2.00 more per day. Phosphorus additives are common in best-selling processed groceries and contribute significantly to their phosphorus content. Moreover, phosphorus additive foods are less costly than phosphorus additive-free foods. As a result, persons with chronic kidney disease may purchase these popular low-cost groceries and unknowingly increase their intake of highly bioavailable phosphorus. Copyright © 2013 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Who stops selling? A systematic analysis of ex-tobacco retailers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feletto, Eleonora; Burton, Suzan; Williams, Kelly; Fry, Rae; Sutton, Clare; Bagus, Lachlan; Egger, Sam

    2016-03-09

    There is evidence that wide distribution of cigarettes contributes to smoking, and multiple commentators have called for a review of tobacco retailing. This study analyses retailers who stop selling cigarettes, why they do so, and discusses the implications for tobacco control. An audit of tobacco retailers in the Australian state of NSW was used to identify retailers who had stopped selling tobacco, and they were then compared with current retailers to determine how many, and what types of outlets stop selling tobacco. Attempts were made to contact and interview all former tobacco retailers identified in three audited regions. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 ex-tobacco retailers, or 31% of the subset of ex-tobacco retailers. Low-volume outlet types were over-represented as a proportion of retailers exiting the market, and some had resumed selling within 18 months of the audit. Low profits were often cited as a contributor to stopping; however, in all but one case, the decision to stop selling was also influenced by a significant change in business circumstances-either legislative or other business changes. Few retailers stop selling tobacco while continuing in the same business, and those who stop disproportionately represent retailer types with low sales volume. The results suggest that legislative changes provide a window where retailers could be prompted to exit the market. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  6. Economic forces push down selling prices of U.S. refineries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1996-01-01

    Recent data on US refinery sales reveal that selling prices have continued to decline in the 1990s. Reasons for this decrease include increased plant investments to meet regulatory requirements, excess refining capacity, increased imports of refined products, and reduced margins. While these expenditures enable a refinery to continue operating, they do not make the refinery more profitable or valuable. Other factors contributing to reduced selling prices of US refineries are: declining local crude production; unstable crude costs; increased energy conservation; growing competition from alternative fuels

  7. The Determinants of Sell-side Analysts' Forecast Accuracy and Media Exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Sorogho, Samira Amadu

    2017-01-01

    This study examines contributing factors to the differential forecasting abilities of sell-side analysts and the relation between the sentiments of these analysts and their media exposure. In particular, I investigate whether the level of optimism expressed in sell-side analysts’ reports of fifteen constituents of primarily the S&P 500 Oil and Gas Industry1, enhance the media appearance of these analysts. Using a number of variables estimated from the I/B/E/S Detail history database, 15,455 a...

  8. The adherence to UK legislation by online shops selling new psychoactive substances

    OpenAIRE

    Wadsworth, Elle; Drummond, Colin; Deluca, Paolo

    2017-01-01

    Aims: On the 26th of May 2016, the UK Government introduced the Psychoactive Substances Act, 2016. The aim of this short report is to explore online shops selling New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) stated motivations for closing and the changes that arose preceding the ban. Methods: The search for online shops selling NPS was made throughout October 2015. From March to June 2016, data were collected on the status of the online shops, and whether they mentioned the ban, the delay, or their clos...

  9. Smoking differences between employees in faculties of the University of Tartu, Estonia, and changes during the country's transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kingisepp Peet-Henn

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A previous study found marked differences in smoking between employees in various university faculties in Tartu, Estonia, soon after the disruption of communism. The present study was conducted to see whether such differences still exist and how the patterns had changed during the country's first transitional decade. Methods All employees at the University of Tartu (UT were surveyed for smoking habits by means of a questionnaire in 1992 and 2003. The present paper is based on respondents whose faculty or workplace was known (1390 people in 1992, 1790 in 2003. Smoking differences were assessed in terms of regression-based adjusted figures. Results While 20% of the male employees smoked daily in 1992, 13% did so in 2003, the figures for females being 10% and 7%, respectively. The prevalence of men's daily smoking varied between faculties and other workplaces in the range 4-30% in 1992, and 0-24% in 2003, with corresponding ranges of 3-21% and 0-10% among females. Men in the medical faculty in both surveys, and those in the faculty of philosophy in the second survey showed higher rates than men in most other faculties, as did women in the faculty of law in the first survey and those in the faculty of philosophy in the second. The figures were usually low in the faculties of sports & exercise, physics & chemistry and mathematics. The sex pattern was reversed in the faculty of law and also in that of economics, where the women smoked more than the men. Conclusions Even in this low-smoking academic community, wide smoking differences existed between the faculties and other workplaces. Faculties where physical or mental performance is of prime importance are leading the way towards a smoke-free community, while men in the faculty of philosophy and, paradoxically, men in the medical faculty are lagging behind. The reversed sex ratio in the faculties of law and economics may indicate women's intensified drive for equality in this

  10. Smoking differences between employees in faculties of the University of Tartu, Estonia, and changes during the country's transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Näyhä, Simo; Kivastik, Jana; Kingisepp, Peet-Henn; Heikkinen, Rauno

    2011-03-08

    A previous study found marked differences in smoking between employees in various university faculties in Tartu, Estonia, soon after the disruption of communism. The present study was conducted to see whether such differences still exist and how the patterns had changed during the country's first transitional decade. All employees at the University of Tartu (UT) were surveyed for smoking habits by means of a questionnaire in 1992 and 2003. The present paper is based on respondents whose faculty or workplace was known (1390 people in 1992, 1790 in 2003). Smoking differences were assessed in terms of regression-based adjusted figures. While 20% of the male employees smoked daily in 1992, 13% did so in 2003, the figures for females being 10% and 7%, respectively. The prevalence of men's daily smoking varied between faculties and other workplaces in the range 4-30% in 1992, and 0-24% in 2003, with corresponding ranges of 3-21% and 0-10% among females. Men in the medical faculty in both surveys, and those in the faculty of philosophy in the second survey showed higher rates than men in most other faculties, as did women in the faculty of law in the first survey and those in the faculty of philosophy in the second. The figures were usually low in the faculties of sports & exercise, physics & chemistry and mathematics. The sex pattern was reversed in the faculty of law and also in that of economics, where the women smoked more than the men. Even in this low-smoking academic community, wide smoking differences existed between the faculties and other workplaces. Faculties where physical or mental performance is of prime importance are leading the way towards a smoke-free community, while men in the faculty of philosophy and, paradoxically, men in the medical faculty are lagging behind. The reversed sex ratio in the faculties of law and economics may indicate women's intensified drive for equality in this transitional society. We assume that different professional cultures

  11. Drugstore Selling and Merchandising, a Distributive Education Manual and Answer Book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, J. David

    This manual on drugstore selling and merchandising, together with a separate answer key, is intended for trainees in distributive education. The 18 self-study assignments, developed by an instructional coordinator with the aid of college professors and leaders in business, cover a wide range of topics, from effective sales techniques to specific…

  12. The Personal Selling Ethics Scale: Revisions and Expansions for Teaching Sales Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoho, Casey; Heinze, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    The field of sales draws a large number of marketing graduates. Sales curricula used within today's marketing programs should include rigorous discussions of sales ethics. The Personal Selling Ethics Scale (PSE) provides an analytical tool for assessing and discussing students' ethical sales sensitivities. However, since the scale fails to address…

  13. Standard and Poor's How to Invest. A Handbook for Buying and Selling Stocks and Bonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Standard & Poor's Corp., New York, NY.

    Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school and college economic students, the handbook gives general information about investing in the stock market. Arranged into seven sections, the handbook discusses the typical shareholder, common and preferred stocks, buying and selling bonds, how to develop a personal…

  14. How do you know if your food is safe to sell?

    OpenAIRE

    Boyer, Renee Raiden

    2001-01-01

    When preparing foods at home to sell, you must still practice good sanitation and proper food safety techniques. Microbial growth is affected by the following six factors: Food, Acidity, Time, Temperature, Oxygen and Moisture, also known as FAT TOM. Controlling one or more FAT TOM factors prevents microorganisms from growing to dangerous levels that might make someone sick.

  15. OPTIMAL STOCK MODELING FOR NON-FOODS RETAILER SELLING ON-CREDIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir V. Manakhov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the problem of retail stock optimization within mo-nopolistic competition market while selling non-food goods to customers on-credit. Optimization model has been developed and appropriate technique of stock volume planning has been introduced

  16. Application of Contemporary Literature to Enhance Interpersonal Skills and Ethical Decision Making in Professional Selling Coursework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bob

    2007-01-01

    Educators and marketing professionals agree that course-work must address interpersonal communication skills and ethical decision making in addition to traditional business functions and skills. This article describes an innovative approach to teaching the professional selling course in which students enhance their competency in these areas…

  17. The order of buying and selling: Multiple equilibria in the housing market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sniekers, F.J.T.

    2014-01-01

    Moving between owner-occupied houses requires both buying and selling. During the Great Recession, the majority of movers sold their old houses before buying new ones, while in the preceding years the majority first bought new houses. In an equilibrium search model, by choosing the order of buying

  18. Integrated planning in supply chains with buy-side and sell-side

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Supply chain management; dynamic pricing; partner selection; supply chain planning; electronic marketplaces. Abstract. In this paper we develop a quadratic programming model for partner selection and planning in integrated supply chain networks embedded with both sell-side and buy-side electronic marketplaces.

  19. Consultative selling in financial services : An observational study of the mortgage mediation process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhallen, Theo M.m.; Greve, Harriette; Frambach, Ruud Th

    1997-01-01

    Notes that the literature on personal selling and advising on services stresses the importance of analysing the actual client-adviser interaction process. Explores this process of interaction in a mortgage setting by observing 42 conversations between advisers and 26 clients. The exact content and

  20. An assessment of forest landowner interest in selling forest carbon credits in the Lake States, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristell A. Miller; Stephanie A. Snyder; Michael A. Kilgore

    2012-01-01

    The nation's family forest lands can be an important contributor to carbon sequestration efforts. Yet very little is known about how family forest landowners view programs that enable them to sell carbon credits generated from the growth of their forest and the compensation that would be required to encourage a meaningful level of participation. To address this...

  1. Cross-selling through database marketing : a mixed data factor analyzer for data augmentation and prediction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamakura, W.A.; Wedel, M.; de Rosa, F.; Mazzon, J.A.

    An important aspect of the new orientation on customer relationship marketing is the use of customer transaction databases for the cross-selling of new services and products. In this study, we propose a mixed data factor analyzer that combines information from a survey with data from the customer

  2. What are we downloading for our children? : Best-selling children's apps in four European countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bus, A.G.

    2017-01-01

    The present article provides an overview of the best-selling apps for the age range of 0-8 years old under various categories, including ‘Kids’, ‘Books’, ‘Educational games’, ‘Family games’ and ‘Word games’ in the two major application stores (Google Play and iTunes App Store) in four economically

  3. An Innovative, Experiential-Learning Project for Sales Management and Professional Selling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Joseph; Schetzsle, Stacey; Wahlers, Russell

    2016-01-01

    This article presents an innovative, experiential-learning project that incorporates students from two different courses: sales management and professional selling. Sales management students actually manage sales students on an outside sales project. Students apply classroom knowledge to a real-life sales project for a local community…

  4. Using Sales Management Students to Manage Professional Selling Students in an Innovative Active Learning Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Joyce A.; Hawes, Jon M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes an application of active learning within two different courses: professional selling and sales management. Students assumed the roles of sales representatives and sales managers for an actual fund-raiser--a golf outing--sponsored by a student chapter of the American Marketing Association. The sales project encompassed an…

  5. Don't Sell Tobacco to Minors: What Retailers Need to Know

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-07-08

    This podcast helps raise retailers awareness of the new federal tobacco regulations. Under the new regulations, retailers can not sell cigarettes or smokeless tobacco to anyone younger 18.  Created: 7/8/2010 by The CDC Division of News and Electronic Media and the FDA Center for Tobacco Products.   Date Released: 7/8/2010.

  6. Effect of national recommendation on sweet selling as an intervention for a healthier school environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anttila, Jaakko; Rytkönen, Tatu; Kankaanpää, Rami; Tolvanen, Mimmi; Lahti, Satu

    2015-02-01

    In 2007, the Finnish National Board of Education (FNBE) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) gave a national recommendation that Finnish upper comprehensive schools should not sell sweet products. The aim was to find out how the national recommendation changed the schools' selling of sweet products. This longitudinal survey was conducted in Finnish upper comprehensive school classes 7-9 (13-15-year-old pupils) in 2007 and 2010. All the schools (N=970) were invited to answer the questionnaire and 237 schools answered in both years (response rate 24%). The questionnaires contained questions concerning the selling of sweet and healthy products and school policy on sweet selling guidelines. Of the nine items in the questionnaire, three weighted sum scores were formed for oral health promotion: Exposure, enabling and policy (higher score indicating better actions). These sum scores were also trichotomized. Statistical significances of the changes were analyzed using nonparametric Wilcoxon's test, McNemar's test, and McNemar-Bowker's test. Schools had decreased exposure of pupils to sweet products (psweet products, candies and soft drinks had decreased (psweet products had not changed (p=0.665). Schools tended to improve their exposure and policy status (psweet products among adolescents. © 2014 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  7. A legal and empirical investigation into the direct selling industry’s advocacy in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tokaji-Nagy, Orsolya

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation is made up of legal and empirical research into the direct selling industry’s advocacy in the European Union. In the context of the European pluralistic democracy or, somewhat pejoratively, the Brussels “lobbyocracy”, the thesis intends to increase lobbying transparency by mapping

  8. Acquisition Pattern Analyses for Recognising Cross-Sell Opportunities in the Financial Services Sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paas, L.; Kuijlen, A.A.A.

    2001-01-01

    In previously published papers it was shown that consumers often acquire financial products in the same order. Knowledge on such acquisition patterns is useful for marketing purposes. This study aims to define optimal utilisation of the acquisition pattern approach for cross-sell purposes. The

  9. The Capstone Sales Course: An Integral Part of a University Level Professional Selling Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titus, David; Harris, Garth; Gulati, Rajesh; Bristow, Dennis

    2017-01-01

    The Capstone Sales course is the final in a sequence of five required courses in a 15 credit Professional Selling program housed in the Marketing Department at St. Cloud State University. The course is heavily focused on experiential learning activities for senior-level sales students. In this paper details of the course design, instructor and…

  10. Cross-Cultural Selling: Examining the Importance of Cultural Intelligence in Sales Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delpechitre, Duleep; Baker, David S.

    2017-01-01

    Cross-cultural selling has become an important factor in sales education. In the current competitive business graduate market, students who enter the workforce in frontline customer service positions are expected to perform sales at a higher level. Students that have acquired an education in sales during their undergraduate program have been found…

  11. The Problems of Bulk-Selling Yams in Harvest and Poverty of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Simple percentages and frequency tables were used in analyzing the data. Results from this study show that poor storage facilities, poor marketing strategy, problem of income and culture of the people account for the bulk-selling of yams in the study area. The study recommends that there is need for the provision of modern ...

  12. The social dynamics of selling sex in Mombasa, Kenya: a qualitative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Through qualitative indepth interviews and focus group discussions with FSWs, this article contextualizes the selling of sex in one large urban city of Kenya. The results of this study indicate that FSWs will never be able to enforce safe sex among male clients in such settings without structural interventions that address ...

  13. Publishers See Online Mega-Courses as Opportunity to Sell Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Colleges are not the only enterprises interested in the possibilities of free, online courses. Publishers have begun to investigate whether so-called MOOC's, or massive open online courses, can help them reach new readers and sell more books. For the moment, providers of the classes encourage professors not to require students to buy texts, in…

  14. Selling the "Electrical Dream" in the 1920s: A Case Study in the Manipulation of Consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Andrew

    To illustrate the relevance of critical communication history and theory to media ethics, this paper examines a crucial episode in the history of public relations: the American electrical industry's cooperative advertising and public relations efforts in the 1920s to sell the "electrical idea" to consumers. The paper first enumerates…

  15. Marketing and Selling CD-ROM Products on the World-Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Becki

    1995-01-01

    Describes three companies' approaches to marketing and selling CD-ROM products on the World Wide Web. Benefits include low overhead for Internet-based sales, allowance for creativity, and ability to let customers preview products online. Discusses advertising, information delivery, content, information services, and security. (AEF)

  16. Mystery shopping and alcohol sales: do supermarkets and liquor stores sell alcohol to underage customers?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gosselt, Jordi Franciscus; van Hoof, Joris Jasper; de Jong, Menno D.T.; Prinsen, Sander

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The Dutch national policy regarding alcohol and youth relies on retailers’ willingness to refuse to sell alcohol to underage customers. This study examined unobtrusively whether supermarkets and liquor stores do indeed comply with the legal age restrictions for alcohol sales. - Methods: A

  17. 41 CFR 102-41.235 - May we sell forfeited drug paraphernalia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May we sell forfeited drug paraphernalia? 102-41.235 Section 102-41.235 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 41...

  18. Helping teammates during new product selling : when does it pay off?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borgh, van der W.; Jong, de A.; Nijssen, E.J.

    2012-01-01

    To sell new products firms increasingly rely on sales teams. Members of such teams have two potentially conflicting tasks: helping team colleagues and accomplishing high individual turnover. As a result, the challenge for salespeople is to conduct their helping in such a manner that it does not harm

  19. The order of buying and selling: multiple equilibria in the housing market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sniekers, F.

    2014-01-01

    Moving between owner-occupied houses requires both buying and selling. During the Great Recession, the majority of movers sold their old houses before buying new ones, while in the preceding years the majority first bought new houses. In an equilibrium search model, by choosing the order of buying

  20. Integrating the Concept of Customer Needs into an Undergraduate Professional Selling Course in a Marketing Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judd, Vaughan C.

    This paper argues that professional selling within the context of a marketing curricula in a business school should be described and practiced in a manner compatible with the marketing concept, which emphasizes satisfaction of consumers' needs. The paper looks at textbook approaches to sales presentations to determine their congruency with the…

  1. Determinants of the place of sell and price of kale for Kiambu, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salasya, B.D.S.; Burger, C.P.J.

    2010-01-01

    Kale is a major source of cash for many households in Kenya. A study of households in Kiambu district revealed that kale made the highest contribution to household income among the crops. The farmers of Kiambu sell their kale either in Nairobi, at farm gate, or at the local market and fetch

  2. The Problems of Bulk-Selling Yams in Harvest and Poverty of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    harvest and poverty of yam farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The main ... size of 300 yam farmers and yam business men and women. ... Results from this study show that poor ... the people account for the bulk-selling of yams in the study area. The study .... Benin Republic, Togo and Ghana etc, fifty (50) to Eight (80) percent of.

  3. Salespeople's Renqing Orientation, Self-esteem, and Selling Behaviors: An Empirical Study in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Ming-Hong; Chi, Shu-Cheng Steve; Hu, Hsiu-Hua

    2009-06-01

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how salespeople's renqing orientation and self-esteem jointly affect their selling behavior. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data were obtained from a survey of salespeople from 17 pharmaceutical and consumer-goods companies in Taiwan (n = 216). FINDINGS: Salespeople's renqing orientation (i.e., their propensity to adhere to the accepted norm of reciprocity) compensates the negative effect of self-esteem on their selling behaviors, such as adaptive selling and hard work. IMPLICATIONS: Our study results underscore the critical role of the character trait of renqing orientation in a culture emphasizing a norm of reciprocity. Therefore, it would be useful to consider a strategy of recruiting salespeople with either a high self-esteem or a combination of high renqing orientation and low self-esteem. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The existing literature of industrial/organizational psychology and marketing primarily relies on constructs that are derived from Western cultural contexts. However, the present paper extended these literatures by investigating the possible joint effects of self-esteem with a trait originated from the Chinese culture on salespeople's selling behaviors.

  4. To go or not to go for the sell: Regulatory focus and personal sales performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamstra, M.R.W.; Rietzschel, E.F.; Groeneveld, D.M.

    2015-01-01

    Selling products and services is a central function in organizations. Although explaining sales success has mainly been approached from broad trait perspectives, tactical decision-making potentially explains additional variance in this crucial outcome. We propose and find that promotion focus

  5. To go or not to go for the sell : Regulatory focus and personal sales performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamstra, Melvyn R.W.; Rietzschel, Eric F.; Groeneveld, Denise M.

    2015-01-01

    Selling products and services is a central function in organizations. Although explaining sales success has mainly been approached from broad trait perspectives, tactical decision-making potentially explains additional variance in this crucial outcome. We propose and find that promotion focus

  6. Selling Addiction: A Workshop Kit on Tobacco and Alcohol Advertising. A Media Literacy Workshop Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Mary Ellen; And Others

    This kit consists of: (1) a leader's guide; (2) an 18-minute videotape containing three 6-minute discussion starter segments analyzing typical commercials and advertising techniques; (3) a special issue of "Media Values" magazine on the theme "Fatal Attraction: The Selling of Addiction"; (4) an 8-page booklet "Awareness to Action: Media Literacy…

  7. 40 CFR 1051.330 - May I sell vehicles from an engine family with a suspended certificate of conformity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM RECREATIONAL ENGINES AND VEHICLES Testing Production-Line Vehicles and Engines § 1051.330 May I sell vehicles from an... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I sell vehicles from an engine...

  8. 40 CFR 1048.330 - May I sell engines from an engine family with a suspended certificate of conformity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I sell engines from an engine... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Testing Production-line Engines § 1048.330 May I sell engines from an engine...

  9. 40 CFR 1045.330 - May I sell engines from an engine family with a suspended certificate of conformity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I sell engines from an engine... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS Testing Production-line Engines § 1045.330 May I sell engines from an...

  10. Patterns and correlates of illicit drug selling among youth in the USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmedani B

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Michael G Vaughn1, Jeffrey J Shook2, Brian E Perron3, Arnelyn Abdon4, Brian Ahmedani51School of Social Work, School of Public Health and Department of Public Policy Studies, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO USA; 2School of Social Work, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA USA; 3School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI USA; 4School of Economics, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines; 5Henry Ford Health System, Detroit MI, USAPurpose: Despite the high rates of drug selling among youth in juvenile justice and youth residing in disadvantage neighborhoods, relatively little is known about the patterns of illicit drug selling among youth in the general population.Methods: Using the public-use data file from the adolescent sample (N = 17 842 in the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH, this study employed multiple logistic regression to compare the behavioral, parental involvement, and prevention experiences of youth who sold and did not sell illicit drugs in the past year.Results: Findings from a series of logistic regression models indicated youth who sold drugs were far more likely to use a wide variety of drugs and engage in delinquent acts. Drug-selling youth were significantly less likely to report having a parent involved in their life and have someone to talk to about serious problems but were more likely to report exposure to drug prevention programming.Conclusion: Selling of drugs by youth appears to be a byproduct of substance abuse and deviance proneness, and the prevention programs these youth experience are likely a result of mandated exposure derived from contact with the criminal justice system. Assuming no major drug supply side reductions, policies, and practices associated with increasing drug abuse treatment, parental involvement and supervision, and school engagement are suggested.Keywords: drug distribution, prevention, adolescent risk, youth experiences, parental

  11. Airport mobile marketing as a channel to promote cross-selling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lázaro Florido-Benítez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the airport mobile marketing and what elements have had a positive or negative influence in cross-selling via an airport app.  Design/methodology: For this analysis, a survey was conducted to users that use the Schiphol Amsterdam Airport app. A total of 103 questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation modeling.  Findings: This study found that security/control factor supplied by the mobile marketing tool to passengers at the airport, it has been demonstrated that it favours an increase in cross-selling. in addition, if an airport is perceived to have a good brand image, it will have a positive effect in cross-selling.  Originality/value: This paper is the first research that examines the impact of mobile marketing in airports. Smelling multiple products and services to the same client before, during, and post consumption  is a marketing technique that intends to (1 satisfy a client’s need and (2 increase a company’s profit by using cross-selling and other complementary services. Airline companies are experts in carrying out this activity, and airports have found that mobile applications are the perfect tool to increase their commercial profits. Offering complementary products and services is a very lucrative business, and a mobile device or smartphone are -- and will become -- the ideal medium to meet users’ demands as well as to improve the passenger experience.  Keywords: mobile marketing, cross-selling, information, security-control, image-perception, satisfaction, WOM

  12. Men Selling Sex to Men in Sweden: Balancing Safety and Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuosmanen, Jari; de Cabo, Annelie

    2018-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine how men who sell sex to men perceive the risks in this activity and what experiences they have of actual denigration, threats, and violence in their relations with customers. We also discuss the self-defense strategies they have used to protect themselves. The study is based on an Internet survey on Swedish websites. Statistical analyses have been carried out, and in interpreting the results, Finkelhor and Asdigian's revised routine activities theory has been used. The results show that the vulnerability of sellers of sex is greatest during the time when the sexual act is being performed, and that this is primarily linked to the customer's antagonism and seeking gratification by overstepping agreed boundaries, particularly with regard to sexual services including BDSM. Their vulnerability was also connected to the seller's diminished capacity for self-protection due to personal and external pressures. A smaller proportion of the men described risk prevention activities. These involved refusing a customer after an initial contact, protecting themselves from infection, being on their guard during the whole process, selecting the place, and deciding not to carry out certain sexual acts. An important implication concerns the occupational health and safety that men who sell sex to men can develop for themselves, while remaining within the law. International studies have demonstrated that selling sex in collective, indoor forms provides the greatest security. For decades, Swedish prostitution policy has had the ambition of reducing prostitution through targeting those who purchase sex, and those who promote prostitution in criminal legislation. This effectively prevents more systematic and collective attempts to create safer conditions for selling sex. In conclusion, it can be stated that while it is legal to sell sex in Sweden, this is done at the seller's own risk.

  13. Advocating zoster vaccination in a community pharmacy through use of personal selling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Amy R; Liu, Yifei; Kuehl, Peggy G

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate whether the use of personal selling, in combination with other promotional techniques, could improve patient commitment to receive the targeted intervention of herpes zoster vaccine (Zostavax-Merck). Two locally owned grocery store chain pharmacies in the Kansas City, MO, metropolitan area (Price Chopper Pharmacy 11 [PC11] and Price Chopper Pharmacy 36 [PC36]). Price Chopper Pharmacy employs pharmacists who are able to administer vaccinations to patients within the dispensing workflow. Passive signage promoting zoster vaccine was placed at both PC11 and PC36. Personal selling by pharmacy staff to targeted patients was implemented at PC36, where patients were encouraged to receive zoster vaccine at prescription pick up and/or by personalized letter. Primary measures included comparison of the number committing to receive zoster vaccine at either pharmacy, comparison of patient perceptions regarding each pharmacy's promotion of zoster vaccine, and pharmacy staff time spent identifying targeted patients and performing personal selling activities. 90 of 745 targeted patients (12.1%) at PC36 made commitments to receive zoster vaccine compared with 9 of 614 (1.5%) at PC11 (P < 0.001). The barrier of "Dr. hasn't told me I need it" was reduced for PC36 patients (P < 0.05). Patients receiving vaccination had a more favorable attitude toward receiving zoster vaccine than unvaccinated patients (P < 0.01). Among unvaccinated patients, those at PC36 had a more favorable attitude toward receiving zoster vaccine after interacting with a pharmacist (P < 0.05). Personal selling increased patient commitment to receiving a targeted intervention significantly. By using personal selling, pharmacists resolved barriers to immunization.

  14. Paikse Euroopa Liidu kodaniku perekonna taasühinemise õigus : [magistritöö] / Veronika Kaska ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Aare Reenumägi, Carri Ginter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaska, Veronika, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Immigratsioonipoliitika eesmärkidest ja õiguslikust raamistikust, kodakondsuse eesmärkidest ja ja selle õiguslikust regulatsioonist, Euroopa Kohtu praktikast ja selle mõjust Eesti välismaalaste õigusele

  15. HIV, STI prevalence and risk behaviours among women selling sex in Lahore, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaman Shakila

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background More than 340 million cases of curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs were estimated to have occurred worldwide in 1995. Previous studies have shown that the presence of other concomitant STIs increases the likelihood of HIV transmission. The first national study of STIs conducted in Pakistan in 2004 revealed a high burden of STIs among women selling sex. The HIV epidemic in Pakistan has thus far followed the "Asian epidemic model". Earlier studies among women selling sex have shown a low prevalence of HIV coupled with a low level of knowledge about AIDS. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV and STIs, and assess knowledge and risk behaviours related to HIV/STI, among women selling sex in Lahore, Pakistan. Methods A total of 730 participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling. The participants were women selling sex in three areas (referred to as "A", "B", and "C" of Lahore. A structured questionnaire addressing demographic information, sexual life history, sexual contacts, and knowledge and practices related to HIV/STI prevention was administered by face-to-face interview. Biological samples were obtained from all participants and tested for HIV, Treponema pallidum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis. Pearson's chi-square and multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed to test associations between potential risk factors and specified diagnosed infections. Results The prevalence of HIV infection was 0.7%, T pallidum 4.5%, N gonorrhoeae 7.5%, C trachomatis 7.7% and T vaginalis 5.1%. The participants had been selling sex for a median period of seven years and had a median of three clients per day. Sixty five percent of the participants reported that they "Always use condom". The median fee per sexual contact was Rs. 250 (3 Euro. Compared to Areas A and C, women selling sex in Area B had a significantly higher risk of chlamydial

  16. Ebaseaduslik väljatõstmine - kuidas kodu puutumatust kaitsta? : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mai-Liis Meigo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tristan Ploom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meigo, Mai-Liis

    2010-01-01

    Kodu puutumatusest ja selle lubatavatest riivetest - väljatõstmisega seotud probleemidest elamuseaduses ja võlaõigusseaduses. Lubamatust riivest e. ebaseaduslikust väljatõstmisest (KaRS-i paragrahv 314)

  17. Laste seksuaalne väärkohtlemine kui moraalipaanika tekitaja : [magistritöö] / Sirli Urvet ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urvet, Sirli, 1987-

    2014-01-01

    Pedofiiliast ja laste seksuaalse väärkohtlemise mõistest, moraalipaanika olemusest ja selle tekkimise põhjustest, laste seksuaalne väärkohtlemine kui moraalipaanika tekitaja Eestis: empiiriline uuring

  18. Laps kui põhiõiguste kandja Eesti õiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Külli Pilv ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Gaabriel Tavits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilv, Külli

    2003-01-01

    Lastekaitsest ja lapse õigustest üldse, lapse õiguslik staatus, lapse õiguste konventsioon kui lapse põhiõiguste üldgarantii, selle rakendusmehhanismi meetmed ja rahvusvaheline praktika, lapse põhiõiguste rakendamine Eestis

  19. Kõlvatu konkurents: mõned teoreetilised ja õiguslikud alused : [bakalaureusetöö] / Peeter Kutman ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Heiki Pisuke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kutman, Peeter

    1995-01-01

    Konkurentsi üldmõisted, kõlvatu konkurentsi ja selle vastase seadusandluse üldiseloomustus, kõlvatu konkurentsi üksikud liigid, konkurentsi riiklik järelevalve ja kaitse kõlvatu konkurentsi vastu

  20. Leebest regulatsioonist rahvusvahelises õiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Liina Rekand ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tanel Kerikmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rekand, Liina

    2000-01-01

    Leebe regulatsiooni mõiste, põhiolemus, määratlemine, allikad (rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonide otsused, mittelepingulised kokkulepped), leebe regulatsioon Euroopa Ühenduse õiguses, leebe regulatsiooni rakendamine ja selle rikkumise tagajärjed

  1. Vastutuse piiramise instituudi kujunemine ja roll kaasaegses mereõiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Merle Vänikver ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Heiki Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vänikver, Merle

    2006-01-01

    Vastutuse piiramise instituut, 1924. a. konventsioon merelaevade omanike vastutuse piiramise reeglite ühtsustamise kohta, 1957. a. konventsioon merelaevade omanike vastutuse piiramise kohta, 1976. a. konventsioon merinõuete korral vastutuse piiramine, selle 1996. a. protokoll

  2. Tahtluse vormid ning nende eristamine teoorias ja praktikas : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mattias Jõgi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Anneli Soo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Mattias

    2010-01-01

    Tahtlusest Ameerika Ühendriikides ja mandri-Euroopas, tahtluse vormidest Eestis 1935. a. kriminaalseadustiku ja 1961. a. kriminaalkoodeksi järgi, tahtluse vormide eristamisest ja esinemisest kehtivas karistusseadustikus, kelmusest ja selle erikoosseisudest, kohtuotsustes tahtluse vormide eristamisest

  3. Esmase ja teisese menetluse seosed piiriületavas pankrotimenetluses : [magistritöö] / Peeter Viirsalu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Paul Varul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viirsalu, Peeter

    2007-01-01

    Piireületav pankrotimenetlus ja selle peamised printsiibid, esmase ja teisese menetluse olemus, algatamine, lõpetamine, likvideerijad, nõuded ning otsuste tunnustamine esmases ja teiseses menetluses

  4. Pakkujate võrdne kohtlemine riigihankemenetlusest kõrvaldamisel ja pakkujate kvalifitseerimisel : [magistritöö] / Piia Kulm ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Ene Andresen, Veiko Vaske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulm, Piia

    2009-01-01

    Võrdse kohtlemise põhimõtte sisust ja kohaldamisest ning selle põhimõtte järgimise tagamisest riigihangete õiguses, pakkujate kõrvaldamise ja pakkujate kvalifitseerimise etapi erinevustest, pakkujate hankemenetlusest kõrvaldamise ning kvalifitseerimise etapist

  5. Tartu fotograafid ja Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi muuseumi fotokogu 19. sajandil / Tartuer Fotografen und die Fotosammlung des Museums der Gelehrten Estnischen Gesellschaft im 19. Jahrhundert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tõnis Liibek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Im Jahre 1951 gelangte der größte Teil der Fotosammlung des vormaligen Museums der Gelehrten Estnischen Gesellschaft (GEG ins Estnische Historische Museum, wo er bis heute aufbewahrt wird. Im Artikel ist beschrieben, wie diese Fotosammlung im 19. Jahrhundert zu Stande gekommen ist. Daneben werden die damaligen Fotografen in Tartu vorgestellt.Es ist bekannt, dass erste Wanderfotografen das Gebiet des heutigen Estlands im Jahre 1843 erreichten, erste Nachrichten von Fotografen in Tartu stammen aus dem Jahr 1844. Dennoch hat die GEG erst in der Mitte der 1850er Jahren angefangen, Fotografien oder Lichtbilder gezielt zu sammeln. In den 1850er Jahren sind insgesamt nur drei Fotos aufgenommen worden; und Anfang der 1870er Jahre besaß das Museum der GEG dann nur etwa 30 Fotografien. Von diesen sind von den Tartuer Fotografen selbst mehr als 20 Fotos dem Museum gestiftet worden. Auch in den folgenden Jahrzehnten sind nur einzelne Fotos vom Museum gesammelt worden. Obwohl die Mitglieder der GEG sich mehrfach dafür aussprachen, dass man die lokale Kultur auch fotografisch festhalten sollte, folgten von Seiten der GEG keine bemerkenswerten Unternehmungen in dieser Sache.Heute sind die meisten der im 19. Jahrhundert gesammelten und aus dem Museum der GEG stammenden Fotos im Estnischen Historischen Museum gut erhalten. Insgesamt sind es mehr als 1600 Fotos, die aus dem Museum der GEG ins Estnische Historische Museum übernommen wurden, darunter auch Aufnahmen aus dem 20. Jahrhundert. Den größten Anteil machen Fotos von Lehrkräften der Tartuer Universität aus, so etwa 300 Stück, ca. 20 Fotos gibt es von Tartuer Studenten. An die 300 Aufnahmen zeigen die Stadt Tartu – einzelne Gebäude oder Straßen- und Stadtansichten. Dazu gibt es etwa 50 Fotos von Burgen, 30 Fotos von Kirchen und Aufnahmen von anderen estnischen Städten. Einen größeren Bestand machen die Postkarten aus dem Ende des 19. und Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts aus; drei Fotoalbumen sind

  6. Organ markets and human dignity: on selling your body and soul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stempsey, W E

    2000-08-01

    This article addresses the ethics of selling transplantable organs. I examine and refute the claim that Catholic teaching would permit and even encourage an organ market. The acceptance of organ transplantation by the Church and even its praise of organ donors should not distract us from the quite explicit Church teaching that condemns an organ market. I offer some reasons why the Church should continue to disapprove of an organ market. The recent commercial turn in medicine can blind us to the problem of an organ market. In addition, the reliance on the gift image in organ transplantation raises difficulties of its own. What is needed is a fuller appreciation of the fact that the human person is essentially embodied with all its parts, and not merely an autonomous being that possesses organs as properties to sell. I support this vision of the embodied human person by appealing to the writings of Immanuel Kant.

  7. Buying and selling power in a deregulated energy market : proceedings of an Insight conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    Issues relating to the restructuring of Ontario's electric power industry, especially the buying and selling of power are the principal focus of this conference. The restructuring began in November 1997 when the Ontario government announced its plans to have open competition in both the wholesale and retail electricity market by the year 2000. The nature of buying and selling in a competitive energy market, the impact that this new regulatory regime will have on Municipal Electrical Utilities (MEUs), supplier certification, load profiling, power quality and reliability, and issues regarding contracts for transmission and distribution of electric power in an open electricity market received much attention. Concerns about the exercise of market power, and issues related to consumer choices and goals were also discussed. refs., tabs., figs

  8. The Analysis of Effectiveness of Various Channels for Selling Agricultural Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakubiv Valentyna М.

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to conduct an analysis of the agricultural products market in Ivano-Frankivsk region by assessing the main channels for selling products and the price level. By summarizing and analyzing the research of domestic scientists, the importance of conducting a qualitative and detailed market research in the system of intermediary activity is substantiated. Due to the results of the analysis of channels for selling agricultural products, it is revealed that intermediary structures have the largest market share. It is found that there is a tendency to increase the share of sold agricultural products to intermediaries both in Ukraine in general and in Ivano-Frankivsk region in particular. At the same time, direct sales on the market, and, therefore, direct contact with the end user, are decreasing year by year. Prospects for further research in this direction are searching for ways to reduce control over the agricultural market by intermediary structures.

  9. Sequential selling and information dissemination in the presence of network effects

    OpenAIRE

    Junjie Zhou; Ying-Ju Chen

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we examine how a seller sells a product/service with a positive consumption externality, and customers are uncertain about the product's/service's value. Because early adopters learn this value, we consider the customers' intrinsic signaling incentives and positive feedback effects. Anticipating this, the seller commits to provide price discounts to the followers, and charges the leader a high price. Thus, the profit-maximizing pricing features the cream skimming strategy. We a...

  10. Current perspectives on the ethics of selling international surrogacy support services

    OpenAIRE

    Fronek,Patricia

    2018-01-01

    Patricia Fronek1,2 1Law Futures Centre, 2School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia Abstract: This review presents current knowledge on selling surrogacy support services in developing countries. Rather than focusing on dichotomous positions, ethical issues that are present and unresolved are discussed by following the journey of surrogate mothers and highlighting the position of children whose well-being is generally assumed in surrogacy arrangem...

  11. STIGA’s Integrated Multiple Selling Channels in China’s Table Tennis Market

    OpenAIRE

    LI, HUA; HUANG, LERONG

    2007-01-01

    Rapid technological advancements and fast developing economy have completely changed Chinese people’s lifestyle. Based on internet technology, a new revolution is also renewing the conception in the business world today. When e-tailing and sports consumption have become fashionable life-styles in China in the beginning of new century, the discussion for sports equipment multi-channel selling will follow the tendency of business developing in China. The purpose of this thesis is discovering an...

  12. Düsseldorfi koolkond ja selle Baltimaade kunstnikud - kultuuridevahelise suhtluse aspekte / Bettina Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baumgärtel, Bettina

    2008-01-01

    Düsseldofi koolkonnast (1819-1918), selle rahvusvahelisest levikust, Eestist pärit baltisaksa kunstnike Karl Eduard von Gebhardti (1838-1925), Eugéne Gustav Dückeri (1841-1916) ja Alexander Heinrich Gregor von Bochmanni (1850-1930) juhtivast osast ning nende erinevatest maadest, ka eestlastest õpilastest. Ka valitsevatest maalizhanritest ja tolleaegsetest rühmitustest Saksamaal - natsareenlastest ja ühendusest Malkasten

  13. Possibilities of B2C buying and selling using mobile devices in comparison with Inter.

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia San Martín Gutiérrez; Blanca López Catalán

    2010-01-01

    New technologies have involved a great opportunity to improve business management. On the one hand, Internet is beginning to be a selling channel that is valid and complementary of the traditional channel, apart from being a channel to search information and socialize. On the other hand and recently, mobile marketing is useful in a commercial sense: the mobile phone incorporates television, camera, radio, chat and now firms are introducing in the issue of advertising and in other regions in s...

  14. Possibilities of B2C buying and selling using mobile devices in comparison with Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia San Martín Gutiérrez; Blanca López Catalán

    2010-01-01

    New technologies have involved a great opportunity to improve business management. On the one hand, Internet is beginning to be a selling channel that is valid and complementary of the traditional channel, apart from being a channel to search information and socialize. On the other hand and recently, mobile marketing is useful in a commercial sense: the mobile phone incorporates television, camera, radio, chat and now firms are introducing in the issue of advertising and in other regions in s...

  15. Children's understanding of the selling versus persuasive intent of junk food advertising: implications for regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Owen B J; Patterson, Lisa J; Donovan, Robert J; Ewing, Michael T; Roberts, Clare M

    2011-03-01

    Evidence suggests that until 8 years of age most children are cognitively incapable of appreciating the commercial purpose of television advertising and are particularly vulnerable to its persuasive techniques. After this age most children begin to describe the 'selling' intent of advertising and it is widely assumed this equips them with sufficient cognitive defences to protect against advertisers' persuasion attempts. However, much of the previous literature has been criticised for failing to differentiate between children's awareness of 'selling' versus 'persuasive' intent, the latter representing a more sophisticated understanding and superior cognitive defence. Unfortunately there is little literature to suggest at what age awareness of 'persuasive intent' emerges; our aim was to address this important issue. Children (n = 594) were recruited from each grade from Pre-primary (4-5 years) to Grade 7 (11-12 years) from ten primary schools in Perth, Western Australia and exposed to a McDonald's television advertisement. Understanding the purpose of television advertising was assessed both nonverbally (picture indication) and verbally (small discussion groups of 3-4), with particular distinction made between selling versus persuasive intent. Consistent with previous literature, a majority of children described the 'selling' intent of television advertising by 7-8 years both nonverbally and verbally, increasing to 90% by 11-12 years. Awareness of 'persuasive' intent emerged slowly as a function of age but even by our oldest age-group was only 40%. Vulnerability to television advertising may persist until children are far older than previously thought. These findings have important implications regarding the debate surrounding regulation of junk food (and other) advertising aimed at children. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Sell your practice to grow and compete--the synergism of vertical integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robison, D L

    1988-01-01

    There are many advantages for selling a group practice to achieve vertical integration with a larger entity, including shared medical and management services, and greater efficiency, which results in greater profits. Health care in the 1990s will have a more formalized, structured system, greatly reducing freedoms enjoyed by both physicians and patients. An attractive option for smaller groups or solo practitioners is vertical integration.

  17. An overview of the key routes to the best selling 5-membered ring heterocyclic pharmaceuticals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikzad Nikbin

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This review presents a comprehensive overview on selected synthetic routes towards commercial drug compounds as published in both journal and patent literature. Owing to the vast number of potential structures, we have concentrated only on those drugs containing five-membered heterocycles and focused principally on the assembly of the heterocyclic core. In order to target the most representative chemical entities the examples discussed have been selected from the top 200 best selling drugs of recent years.

  18. Stigma, access to healthcare, and HIV risks among men who sell sex to men in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Trevor A; Keshinro, Babajide; Baral, Stefan D; Schwartz, Sheree R; Stahlman, Shauna; Nowak, Rebecca G; Adebajo, Sylvia; Blattner, William A; Charurat, Manhattan E; Ake, Julie A

    2017-04-20

    Among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who sell sex (MSS) may be subject to increased sexual behaviour-related stigma that affects uptake of healthcare and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objectives of this study were to characterize stigma, access to care, and prevalence of HIV among MSS in Nigeria. Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit MSM in Abuja and Lagos into the ongoing TRUST/RV368 study, which provides HIV testing and treatment. Detailed behavioural data were collected by trained interviewers. MSS were identified by self-report of receiving goods or money in exchange for sex with men. Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to explore the impact of sex-selling on the risk of HIV. From 12 initial seed participants, 1552 men were recruited from March 2013-March 2016. Of these, 735 (47.4%) reported sex-selling. Compared to other MSM, MSS were younger (median 22 vs. 24 years, p harassment (39.2% vs. 26.8%, p sexual behaviour-related stigma affecting MSS, as compared with other MSM, that limits uptake of healthcare services. The distinct characteristics and risks among MSS suggest the need for specific interventions to optimize linkage to HIV prevention and treatment services in Nigeria.

  19. Uncertain Reasoning for Detection of Selling Stolen Goods in Online Auctions Using Contextual Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ladislav Beranek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the design of a decision support system for detection of fraudulent behavior of selling stolen goods in online auctions. In this system, each seller is associated with a type of certification, namely “proper seller,” “suspect seller,” and “selling stolen goods.” The certification level is determined on the basis of a seller’s behaviors and especially on the basis of contextual information whose origin is outside online auctions portals. In this paper, we focus on representing knowledge about sellers in online auctions, the influence of additional information available from other Internet source, and reasoning on bidders’ trustworthiness under uncertainties using Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence. To demonstrate the practicability of our approach, we performed a case study using real auction data from Czech auction portal Aukro. The analysis results show that our approach can be used to detect selling stolen goods. By applying Dempster-Shafer theory to combine multiple sources of evidence for the detection of this fraudulent behavior, the proposed approach can reduce the number of false positive results in comparison to approaches using a single source of evidence.

  20. Selling a gun to a stranger without a background check: acceptable behaviour?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemenway, David; Azrael, Deborah; Miller, Matthew

    2017-06-24

    One way that guns get into the wrong hands is via gun sales without a background check. While the large majority of Americans support laws requiring universal background checks, no prior study has assessed whether Americans think it is acceptable behaviour to sell a gun to a stranger without a background check, whether or not there is a law against it. We sponsored a nationally representative survey of over 3900 American adults, oversampling gun owners, using an online panel provided by the survey firm Growth for Knowledge. Over 72% of American adults agree or strongly agree with the statement that 'whether it is legal or not, it is NOT acceptable to sell a gun to a stranger without a background check' and 11% disagree or strongly disagree. Subgroups less likely to agree are young adults, men, conservatives, those with less than a high school education and gun owners. Reducing the number of guns sold without a background check could help reduce the flow of guns to felons. Changes in normative attitudes and behaviours, as well as changes in law, could help accomplish this goal. Most Americans, including gun owners, believe selling a gun to a stranger without a background check is not acceptable behaviour. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  1. Market Exclusivity Time for Top Selling Originator Drugs in Canada: A Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lexchin, Joel

    2017-09-01

    This study looks at market exclusivity time for the top selling originator drugs in Canada. Total sales for drugs without competition were also calculated. A list of the top selling originator drugs by dollar sales from 2009 to 2015 inclusive, except for 2010, was compiled along with their annual sales. Health Canada databases were used to extract the following information: generic name, date of Notice of Compliance (NOC, date of marketing authorization), whether the product was a small molecule drug or a biologic, and date of NOC for a generic or biosimilar. Market exclusivity time was calculated in days for drugs. A total of 121 drugs were identified. There were 96 small molecule drugs (63 with a generic competitor and 33 with no generic competitor) and 25 biologics (none with a biosimilar competitor). The 63 drugs with a competitor had a mean market exclusivity time of 4478 days (12.3 years) (95% CI 4159-4798). The 58 drugs without competition had total annual sales of Can$8.59 billion and were on the market for a median of 5357 days (14.7 years) (interquartile range 3291-6679) as of January 31, 2017. Top selling originator drugs in Canada have a considerably longer period of market exclusivity than the 8 to 10 years that the research-based pharmaceutical industry claims. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. SPIN SELLING CONCEPT & ITS APPLICATION IN THE BUSINESS PERFORMANCE OF SACHET PRODUCT IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mir Hossain SOHEL

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bangladesh is lower middle income oriented country (LMIC in South Asia where sachet product has become more popular than other scaling products. SPIN selling is an approach of consultative selling or presenting an offer to the potential clients considering their pain-points using a powerful questioning process. This study attempts to find out the reasons of gaining popularity of sachet product in Bangladesh. SPIN Selling concept is the age-old concept used in this respect. A sample size of 120 was collected from the salespeople of 15 different companies that are co-integrated sachet product in their product line. A self-administered questionnaire is applied for data collection and This study reveals hat the existence of the applicability of SPIN concept in a moderate format in Bangladesh. The findings of the study postulate that in Bangladesh, sachet product is introduced as follower product and it will be helpful for the marketing executives, R&D officers or decision makers of concerned firms in re-considering their strategic thinking aiming to gain sustainable competitive advantage in the product market of Bangladesh for sachet product.

  3. The Stickiness of Selling, General, and Administrative Costs in the Indonesian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Armanto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Selling, general and administration costs are the main components in the Income Statement. A large number of permanent staff in sales and marketing department will make the company dominated by the fixed costs. This fact could lead to sticky cost behavior. In addition, role of the manager can also cause the cost stickiness. When the company’s revenue decreases, manager may delay to decrease the cost or not even decrease cost at all. The objective of the study is to determine whether cost stickiness of selling, general and administrative in the Indonesian listed companies. This study applied log-linear data panel regression with 3605 firm years that is listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI from 1993 – 2013. This study finds that selling, general, and administrative costs are sticky only for the manufacturing companies. Furthermore, the results show that adjustment of sales, general, and administrative costs delayed by the manager when revenue decreases, yet the cost stickiness will be reduced in the next period.

  4. Selling Mankind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duedahl, Poul

    2011-01-01

    In the wake of World War II, UNESCO promoted a new approach to the writing of world history in an attempt to support UN peacekeeping through "mental engineering" in the service of peace. The first task was to launch an authoritative world history without particular geographical orientations...

  5. Selling Sellafield

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Milne, Kirsty.

    1987-01-01

    The article describes a trip to the Sellafield reprocessing plant arranged by BNFL for journalists. The train journey from London and the actual tour round the Sellafield site and visitor centre are described briefly. Several protest groups were encountered on the way but the point made is that in encouraging visitors to the site and explaining what is going on there BNFL is trying to be more open in its dealings with the public in an effort to inform, reassure and lessen mistrust. (UK)

  6. Selling steam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zimmer, M.J.; Goodwin, L.M.

    1991-01-01

    This article addresses the importance of steam sales contract is in financing cogeneration facilities. The topics of the article include the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act provisions and how they affect the marketing of steam from qualifying facilities, the independent power producers market shift, and qualifying facility's benefits

  7. 40 CFR 1068.435 - May I sell engines/equipment from a family with a suspended certificate of conformity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS Selective Enforcement Auditing § 1068.435 May I sell engines/equipment from a family with a... of equipment you produce and show it complies with emission standards that apply. (b) We...

  8. A Rising E-Channel Tide Lifts All Boats? The Impact of Manufacturer Multichannel Encroachment on Traditional Selling and Leasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Yan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizing and managing channels of distribution is an important marketing task. Due to the emergence of electronic commerce on the Internet, e-channel distribution systems have been adopted by many manufacturers. However, academic and anecdotal evidence both point to the pressures arising from this new e-channel manufacturing environment. Question marks therefore remain on how the addition of this e-channel affects the traditional marketing strategies of leasing and selling. We set up several two-period dual-channel models in which a manufacturer sells a durable product through both a manufacturer-owned e-channel and an independent reseller (leaser who adopts selling (leasing to consumers. Our main results indicate that, direct selling cost aside, product durability plays an important role in shaping the strategies of all members. With either marketing strategy, the additional expansion of an e-channel territory may secure Pareto gains, in which all members benefit.

  9. A comparative study of commercial free speech and limiting advertising in North America and continental Europe : [teadusmagistritöö] / Katrin Saaremäel-Stoilov ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Raul Narits, A. Sajo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaremäel-Stoilov, Katrin

    2003-01-01

    Kaubandusliku sõnavabaduse mõiste, kaubanduslik sõnavabadus ja lastele suunatud ning eksitava reklaami piirangud Ameerika Ühendriikides ja Kanadas, kaubanduslik sõnavabadus Saksamaal ja Eestis, lisaks Euroopa Nõukogu ja Euroopa Liidu vastavad konventsioonid. - Kaitses 22. 08. 2003. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  10. Road of death to remain lethal / Kairi Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Kairi

    2005-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi teatel ei rajata Tartu ja Tallinna vahele neljarealist maanteed, kuna selle ehitus oleks kallis. Maanteeameti väitel ei ole olukord Tallinn-Tartu maanteel halb ning hukkunuid pole piisavalt, et oleks vajalik teed laiendada

  11. A Urologist's Guide to Ingredients Found in Top-Selling Nutraceuticals for Men's Sexual Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Tao; Kovell, Robert C; Brooks, David C; Terlecki, Ryan P

    2015-11-01

    Use of supplements is common among men seeking urologic evaluation for sexual health matters. With a dizzying array of formulations available and little regulation on the dosage, purity, or ingredients found in these products, the health effects of nutraceuticals are often confusing to patients and medical practitioners alike. In this review, we set out to concisely summarize the data on ingredients found within the top-selling nutraceutical agents marketed for men's sexual health in order to provide a clinical guide for urologists. We used sales data from the most popular retail provider of men's health supplements to identify the top-selling products marketed toward improvement of men's sexual health. We summarized the available information related to the ingredients, dosage, cost, and mechanism of action for these substances and performed an extensive literature search to identify and review the current evidence available for each of the most common ingredients found in these nutraceuticals. The top-selling nutraceuticals marked for men's sexual health contain a blend of multiple supplements (up to 33 in one formulation identified), the most common being ginseng, tribulus, zinc, horny goat weed, B complex vitamins/trace minerals, fenugreek, L-arginine, maca, DHEA, ginkgo, and yohimbine. The currently available medical literature evaluating the efficacy of these substances is generally of low quality. Despite the dearth of evidence supporting nutraceutical agents in the men's health arena, these substances are still commonly used by patients. As these products can affect the health and well-being of men presenting to a urology clinic, a familiarity with commonly used agents can help the urologist appropriately counsel their patients. © 2015 International Society for Sexual Medicine.

  12. The Debtor’s Property Selling in the Cross-Border Insolvency Proceedings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sproge Daiga

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The title of this research is “The debtor’s property selling in the cross-border insolvency proceedings”. The insolvency proceeding gets the cross-border status also in case, if a debtor is an owner of the property outside of the main interests’ centre, namely, in another country. Therefore, there are many problematic cases when insolvency administrator (also called insolvency practitioner defines the real estate in this other country and has to make a decision concerning the methods of selling the real estate in accordance with the law of the Member State in which territory the insolvency proceedings have been started. At the same time, the administrator shall provide that the property is sold in particular with regard to procedures for the realization of assets defined in the legislation of that country, where such real estate has been located. The article’s aim is to give a view of the features of the sale of the property in the insolvency proceedings and to define the possible lack and improvements in the cross-border insolvency concerning the selling of a debtor’s property. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union has adopted Regulation (EU 2015/848 of 20 May 2015 on Insolvency proceedings, which shall apply from 26 June 2017, with some exceptions Despite the regulation of the cross-border insolvency has been improved, the procedure of the property disposal is still incomplete in the cross-border insolvency proceedings. Within the study the following research methods are applied: the analytical method, comparative method, sociological method and descriptive method. The predicted value of the research is theoretical and also practical. The research should be useful for the insolvency proceedings administrators, the companies and the banks, other experts involved in the cross-border insolvency proceedings, as well as for students to improve their theoretical knowledge about the cross-border insolvency.

  13. Interpretive versus noninterpretive content in top-selling radiology textbooks: what are we teaching medical students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Emily M; Vella, Maya; Straus, Christopher M; Phelps, Andrew; Naeger, David M

    2015-04-01

    There are little data as to whether appropriate, cost effective, and safe ordering of imaging examinations are adequately taught in US medical school curricula. We sought to determine the proportion of noninterpretive content (such as appropriate ordering) versus interpretive content (such as reading a chest x-ray) in the top-selling medical student radiology textbooks. We performed an online search to identify a ranked list of the six top-selling general radiology textbooks for medical students. Each textbook was reviewed including content in the text, tables, images, figures, appendices, practice questions, question explanations, and glossaries. Individual pages of text and individual images were semiquantitatively scored on a six-level scale as to the percentage of material that was interpretive versus noninterpretive. The predominant imaging modality addressed in each was also recorded. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed. All six books had more interpretive content. On average, 1.4 pages of text focused on interpretation for every one page focused on noninterpretive content. Seventeen images/figures were dedicated to interpretive skills for every one focused on noninterpretive skills. In all books, the largest proportion of text and image content was dedicated to plain films (51.2%), with computed tomography (CT) a distant second (16%). The content on radiographs (3.1:1) and CT (1.6:1) was more interpretive than not. The current six top-selling medical student radiology textbooks contain a preponderance of material teaching image interpretation compared to material teaching noninterpretive skills, such as appropriate imaging examination selection, rational utilization, and patient safety. Copyright © 2015 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The relationship between substance use, drug selling, and lethal violence in 25 juvenile murderers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mclaughlin, C R; Daniel, J; Joost, T F

    2000-03-01

    The goal of the present study was to determine the relationship between substance use, drug selling, and lethal violence in adolescent male homicide offenders and their victims. The study employed a retrospective review of criminal justice databases and medical examiner records for murders committed by 25 adolescent males incarcerated in the Commonwealth of Virginia juvenile correctional centers from February 1992 to July 1996. The perpetrator sample was 84% African American and 16% white. The average age at the time of the offense was 15.0 years (range = 13.0 to 17.7 years). The victims were 84% male, 60% African American and 32% white. The median victim age was 28.0 years (mean = 34.8, range = 17 months to 75 years). The results indicated that 52% of the murders were committed by juveniles with identified involvement in drug selling, and 28% of the murders were drug-related. Toxicology results indicated recent drug or alcohol use in 27% of the victims; while 74% of the perpetrators reported substance use, 35% indicating daily use. Using discriminant analysis, it was possible to accurately classify 86% of the drug-related murders with the variables of recent victim drug use and perpetrator substance use history. The results indicated that adolescent males involved in the sale and distribution of illegal drugs comprised a significant percentage of those incarcerated for murder. Recent victim drug use and perpetrator substance use may be important variables in identifying drug-related juvenile homicides. These results underscore the link between substance use, drug selling, and lethal violence.

  15. Selling the Space Telescope - The interpenetration of science, technology, and politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Robert W.

    1991-01-01

    Attention is given to the politics of initiating the Space Telescope program and to the manner in which the coalition, or working consensus, for the Telescope was assembled, in particular, the role played by astronomers. It is contended that what ensued was a case study in the influence of government patronage on a large-scale scientific and technological program. It is concluded that while a politically feasible Space Telescope did result, in the selling process the Telescope had been both oversold and underfunded.

  16. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF UNIQUE SELLING PROPOSITION ON CONSUMER PURCHASING DECISIONS IN HOTELS

    OpenAIRE

    Ng'Ang'A, Diana

    2017-01-01

    The hospitality Industry is comprised of individual hotels in which each one of them differs in the way that they position their products and services with the intention of catering for the advancing present day consumer needs. It is hence important for hospitality businesses to possess a unique selling proposition. The objective of this study is to determine the importance of the 4 P’s of marketing mix in consumer purchasing decision. The 4 P’s concept is a tool used in modern marketing ...

  17. Extreme anthropogenic erosion: Topsoil Selling in the Mekong Delta and consequences for soil quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigand, Susanne; Sebesvari, Zita; Vien, Duong Minh; Kruse, Jens; Guong, Vo Thi; Amelung, Wulf

    2017-04-01

    Increasing urbanization and industrialization leads to increasing demands for construction material, especially in low income countries. For this purpose topsoil is sometimes removed and used as construction material. Topsoil Selling is practiced around the world from America, Europe and Africa to Asia. In the Mekong Delta, Vietnam farmers physically remove the upper 10-40 cm of their paddy fields and sell it to contractors (= Topsoil Selling, TSS). The excavated material is used for road construction or brick production and therefore the most fertile part of the paddy soil is irrecoverably lost. The temporal effects of topsoil removal on soil quality are not yet fully understood. We hypothesized that after soil removal, soil quality and yield potential are significantly lower compared to the original topsoil. To test this hypothesis, we sampled two chronosequences in two different provinces of the Mekong Delta. The provinces are Sóc Trăng (Control, 1, 2, 3, 8 years after TSS) and Trà Vinh (Control, 3, 5, 8 years after TSS). The sampling areas differ in texture and cultivation practice: clayey-loamy vs. sandy-loamy and double vs. triple rice cropping. For each year of the chronosequence, 4 field sites were investigated. We sampled the Ap, Bg1, and Bg2 horizon up to 40 cm depth as composite samples from 6 to 8 cores per field. Soil organic carbon (Corg) stocks at TSS sites were up to 20 t/ha lower than at Control sites (Control: 50 t/ha) in Sóc Trăng and up to 15 t/ha lower in Tra Vinh (Control: 30 t/ha). Especially the Bg horizons revealed a continuous decline in Corg with time after soil removal. Analysis of available nutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Al, Mn, Zn, Cu) determined by the Mehlich3-Method are still ongoing. Preliminary results, however, suggest that there is not sustainable loss of these elements after selling, but that initial risk of losses are reverted under prolonged management. Phosphorus fractionation according to the Hedley method indicate

  18. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING METHOD IN DETERMINING SELLING PRICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhtarudin Muhtarudin

    2017-08-01

    -Based Costing method. After applying the latter cost determining the method there turned out to be a significant difference in the shoe production cost resulted from the inaccurate price calculation in the former method, as here a selling price is fixed by marking-up efforts aiming to cover the production cost. Determining a selling price in this way causes the selling price to be too low; thus it cannot optimize the profit. Keywords: Activity-Based Costing; Production Cost; Selling Price

  19. Optimal selling rules for monetary invariant criteria: tracking the maximum of a portfolio with negative drift

    OpenAIRE

    Elie, Romuald; Espinosa, Gilles-Edouard

    2013-01-01

    Considering a positive portfolio diffusion $X$ with negative drift, we investigate optimal stopping problems of the form $$ \\inf_\\theta \\Esp{f\\left(\\frac{X_\\theta}{\\Sup_{s\\in[0,\\tau]}{X_s}}\\right)}\\;,$$ where $f$ is a non-increasing function, $\\tau$ is the next random time where the portfolio $X$ crosses zero and $\\theta$ is any stopping time smaller than $\\tau$. Hereby, our motivation is the obtention of an optimal selling strategy minimizing the relative distance between the liquidation val...

  20. The Determinants of Sell-side Analysts’ Forecast Accuracy and Media Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Amadu Sorogho

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines contributing factors to the differential forecasting abilities of sell-side analysts and the relation between the sentiments of these analysts and their media exposure. In particular, I investigate whether the level of optimism expressed in sell-side analysts’ reports of fifteen constituents of primarily the S&P 500 Oil and Gas Industry1, enhance the media appearance of these analysts. Using a number of variables estimated from the I/B/E/S Detail history database, 15,455 analyst reports collected from Thompson Reuters Investext and analyst media appearances obtained from Dow Jones Factiva from 1999 to 2014, I run a multiple linear regression to determine the effect of independent variables on dependent variables.  I find that an analyst’s forecast accuracy (as measured by the errors inherent in his forecasts is negatively associated with the analyst’s level of media exposure, experience, brokerage size, the number of times he revises his forecasts in a year and the number of companies followed by the analyst, and positively associated with the analyst’s level of optimism expressed in his reports, forecast horizon and the size of the company he follows.

  1. A Content Analysis of Unique Selling Propositions of Tobacco Print Ads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson Shen, Megan; Banerjee, Smita C; Greene, Kathryn; Carpenter, Amanda; Ostroff, Jamie S

    2017-03-01

    We describe the unique selling propositions (USPs) (propositions used to convince customers to use a particular brand/product by focusing on the unique benefit) of print tobacco ads. A qualitative content analysis was conducted of print tobacco ads (N = 171) selected from August 2012 to August 2013 for cigarettes, moist snuff, e-cigarettes, cigars, and snus to determine the content and themes of USPs for tobacco ads. Cigarette ad USP themes focused on portraying the product as attractive; moist snuff ads focused on portraying product as masculine; cigar ads focused on selling a "high end product;" and new and emerging tobacco products (e-cigarette, snus) focused on directly comparing these products to cigarettes. Whereas traditional tobacco product ads used USPs focused on themes of enjoyment and pleasure (eg, attractive for cigarettes, "high end product" for cigars), new and emerging tobacco product ads offered the unique benefit (USP) of their product being a better and "safer" alternative to traditional tobacco products. Snuff's USPs focused nearly exclusively on the masculinity of their products. Our results provide targets for potential tobacco regulatory actions that could be implemented to reduce demand for tobacco products by reducing their perceived unique benefits.

  2. A Content Analysis of Unique Selling Propositions of Tobacco Print Ads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Megan Johnson; Banerjee, Smita C.; Greene, Kathryn; Carpenter, Amanda; Ostroff, Jamie S.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives The present study described the unique selling propositions (USPs) (propositions used to convince customers to use a particular brand/product by focusing on the unique benefit) of print tobacco ads. Methods A qualitative content analysis was conducted of print tobacco ads (N = 171) selected from August 2012-August 2013 for cigarettes, moist snuff, e-cigarettes, cigars, and snus to determine the content and themes of USPs for tobacco ads. Results Cigarette ad USP themes focused on portraying the product as attractive; moist snuff ads focused on portraying product as masculine; cigar ads focused on selling a “high end product;” and new and emerging tobacco products (e-cigarette, snus) focused on directly comparing these products to cigarettes. Conclusions Whereas traditional tobacco product ads used USPs focused on themes of enjoyment and pleasure (eg, attractive for cigarettes, “high end product” for cigars), new and emerging tobacco product ads offered the unique benefit (USP) of their product being a better and “safer” alternative to traditional tobacco products. Snuff’s USPs focused nearly exclusively on the masculinity of their products. Results of this study provide targets for potential tobacco regulatory actions that could be implemented to reduce demand for tobacco products by reducing their perceived unique benefits. PMID:28452697

  3. Motivations for Selling Ecstasy among Young Adults in the Electronic Dance Music Club Culture in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remy, Lysa S; Buttram, Mance E; Kurtz, Steven P; Surratt, Hilary L; Pechansky, Flavio

    2017-01-01

    This article describes data on the motivations for selling ecstasy among young adults in the electronic dance music (EDM) club culture in Brazil. Individual interviews were conducted with 20 individuals recruited for their involvement in the EDM club scene. Eligible participants were aged 18-39 and reported ecstasy and/or LSD use one or more times in the past 90 days. Exclusion criteria included current treatment for drug/alcohol problems and cognitive impairment or clinically evident psychiatric disorder. Mean age was 22.92 (SD 2.77), 60% were male, 45% reported 12 or more years of education, 50% did not have a primary partner, 50% were living alone, and all had friends who also used ecstasy. Three main themes emerged: (1) "easy" transition from ecstasy user to seller; (2) desire to achieve popularity and fame; and (3) need to sell ecstasy to maintain the high cost of EDM club scene participation. This is one of the first studies of ecstasy sellers in Brazil. The results demonstrate the ease with which the participants transition from ecstasy user to seller. Given the potential health and social dangers associated with ecstasy use, public health campaigns to prevent ecstasy use and policy initiatives to limit the ecstasy supply are warranted.

  4. Data Warehouse, Data Mining Dan Konsep Cross-Selling Pada Analisis Penjualan Produk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Miranda

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about designing and implementing data warehousing and data mining, along with their roles in supporting decision-making related to sales product analysis in cross-selling concept of PT XYZ. The database the company used is not supporting data analysis and decision-making. Therefore, it made a data warehousing design that could be used to keep data in a huge amount and could give report and answer from user’s questions in ad hoc. The method is used to design and implement data warehousing and data mining which consists of literature study, company problem analysis, and data warehousing design, and testing result. The writing results are a data warehousing design and data mining and also the implementation of cross-selling concept to analysis the sales, purchases, and customers’ cancellation data. The data could be showed and analyzed from some point of views that could help managers to analyse and acknowledge more information. 

  5. The Role Of Cross Selling In SME Banking: An Analysis From Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hande Karadag

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Non-lending activities in SME financing is a phenomenon whose significance has recently been recognized. Provision of different products and services to companies is becoming an important profit center for banks serving SMEs and the supply side of SME financing has been experiencing a shift towards fee-based products and services, mainly due to the risks and challenges associated with SME lending. Despite these important developments in the industry, there are a limited number of studies that focus on the bank activities related with cross-selling to SMEs. This paper aims to address this gap in the literature, by investigating the role of cross selling in SME banking by analyzing the major business models and strategies both at international and local contexts. The study targets to make important contributions to SME finance and in particular SME banking literature, as it highlights the changing market structure in the supply-side of SME banking and pinpoints how best practices in international banking system can form examples for banks that prioritize growth in SME segment.   

  6. SELLING, DELIVERY AND TRADE MARKETING – AN OPERATIONAL TRIDENT OF THE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Olariu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the way in which a distribution system can be made operational in FMCG, starting from the interaction between three components of the system: selling, delivery and trade marketing. On this basis, I have categorized the improvement opportunities of each component, using the appropriate key performance indicators (KPIs of the system objectives. The optimal configuration of instruments and successful interaction of these components, improve the distribution system contribution to company performance. A specific system, defined for solving marketing problems, must be designed according to this purpose, and in this regard, all the significant elements and relationships must be subordinate to the objective by which it will achieve the desired solution. Business objectives achievement can be measured as effectiveness - the degree to which objectives were achieved, or as efficiency - the degree to which objectives have been achieved in the available resources. For evaluating the effectiveness with which an operative marketing system turns its sources into necessary results to solve a problem, it requires certain criteria to measure performance. These three elements: selling, delivery and trade marketing, are a trident of distribution which can lead to an optimal approach of market opportunities.

  7. Selling space colonization and immortality: A psychosocial, anthropological critique of the rush to colonize Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slobodian, Rayna Elizabeth

    2015-08-01

    Extensive media coverage regarding the proposal to send four people to Mars by 2025 has exploded recently. Private enterprise has taken the reins to venture into space, which has typically only been reserved for government agencies. I argue, that with this new direction comes less regulation, raising questions regarding the ethics of sending people into outer space to colonize Mars within a decade. Marketers selling colonization to the public include perspectives such as biological drives, species survival, inclusiveness and utopian ideals. I challenge these narratives by suggesting that much of our desire to colonize space within the next decade is motivated by ego, money and romanticism. More specifically, I will examine the roles that fear and stories of immortality play within selling space and how those stories are marketed. I am passionate about space and hope that one day humanity will colonize other worlds, but the rush to settle is dangerous and careless. I assert that humanity should first gain more experience and knowledge before colonizing outer space, using this research to mitigate the risk to astronauts and proceed with careful consideration for the lives of potential astronauts.

  8. Factors That Influence the Selling of Milk Through Milk Vending Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Doležalová

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to assess the current situation in the sale of milk through vending machines in the context of the previous period of the decline in milk consumption, the transition of the Czech Republic towards the market economy, the transformation of agriculture, the entry into the EU and the concentration in the milk market and to define the basic motivational factors and barriers of the development of this distribution path. Technical problems with sales, intent to diversify milk selling and aiming the high profitability of the sale are the reasons for operating vending machines that are correlated with the share of this selling channel on producers’ total sales of milk. Vending machines are inhibited by misinformation from state authorities; other problems are weak support by media and low consumer awareness. The expectations of the operators concerning the development of the situation of the milk vending machines are rather optimistic: 36% of them expect an increase in sales, 48% expect the stagnation and only 16% expect the decrease.

  9. Тартуский Колледж Здравоохранения = Tartu Healthcare College / Мария Фадеева

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Фадеева, Мария

    2014-01-01

    Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkooli uus hoone. Arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Johannes Feld, Andro Mänd, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Ragnar Põllukivi (Kavakava). Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (PINK). Valmimisaasta: 2011

  10. Consumer Preferences, Product Characteristics, and Potentially Allergenic Ingredients in Best-selling Moisturizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Shuai; Kwa, Michael; Lohman, Mary E; Evers-Meltzer, Rachel; Silverberg, Jonathan I

    2017-11-01

    Because moisturizer use is critical for the prevention and treatment of numerous dermatological conditions, patients frequently request product recommendations from dermatologists. To determine the product performance characteristics and ingredients of best-selling moisturizers. This cohort study involved publicly available data of the top 100 best-selling whole-body moisturizing products at 3 major online retailers (Amazon, Target, and Walmart). Products marketed for use on a specific body part (eg, face, hands, eyelids) were excluded. Pairwise comparisons of median price per ounce on the basis of marketing claims (eg, dermatologist recommended, fragrance free, hypoallergenic) and presence of ingredients represented in the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) series were conducted using Wilcoxon rank sum tests. The effect of vehicle type (eg, ointment, lotion, cream, butter) was assessed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Cross-reactors and botanicals for fragrances were derived from the American Contact Dermatitis Society's Contact Allergen Management Program database. A total of 174 unique best-selling moisturizer products were identified, constituting 109 713 reviews as of August 2016. The median price per ounce was $0.59 (range, $0.10-$9.51 per ounce) with a wide range (9400%). The most popular vehicles were lotions (102 [59%]), followed by creams (22 [13%]), oils (21 [12%]), butters (14 [8%]), and ointments (3 [2%]). Only 12% (n = 21) of best-selling moisturizer products were free of NACDG allergens. The 3 most common allergens were fragrance mix (n = 87), paraben mix (n = 75), and tocopherol (n = 74). Products with the claim "dermatologist recommended" had higher median price per ounce ($0.79; interquartile range [IQR], $0.56-$1.27) than products without the claim ($0.59; IQR, $0.34-$0.92). Products with the claim "phthalate free" had higher median price per ounce ($1.38; IQR, $0.86-$1.63) than products without the claim ($0.59; IQR

  11. PENERAPAN PERSONAL SELLING DALAM MEMASARKAN PRODUK PEMBIAYAAN MURABAHAH PADA PT. BANK PEMBIAYAAN RAKYAT SYARIAH MITRA HARMONI KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fani Firmansyah, Dian Nailiyah

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Recently, many sharia financial institutes stand, either banks general or banks people of islamic finance. PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City as a new sharia financial institute is demanded to be able to compete to other financial institute, so that the marketting strategy  is needed fully. Personal selling is one of marketting method of producttion in order to be able to be pervaded by market. PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City markets payment product of murabahah by using the personal selling, can stand even more develope. This research it conducted to know how the application of personal selling in marketing murabahah  payment product in PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City. The kind of this research is method qualitative approach descriptive, the researcher describes how processes or steps personal selling conducted PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City, the technique of data collecttion uses the observation, interview and documentation. Method data analysis that researcher use is method data analysis descriptive. The research result shows that proses or step personal selling which is held in PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City is Prospecting Approach, Preapproach, Approach, Presentation, Handling Objection, Closing and follow up. Handling Objection which is held PT BPRS Mitra Harmoni Malang City is sales person continue closing sale without asked reservation prospective customers and do not dig the hidden reservation then use the reservation as an opportunity to provide more information and change the mind be a reason to buy.

  12. Tartu avangard / Matis Song

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Song, Matis, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Tartust kui avangardilinnast ja seal tegutsevatest otsijavaimudest - Jaan-Jürgen Klausist kui videopildile dokumenteerijast, kirjandusest, "Värskest Rõhust", muusikakooslustest ning avangardse mõtlemise mõjutajatest

  13. Kindergarten, Tartu / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Lotte lasteaiast Tartus. Arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil ja Sten-Mark Mändmaa arhitektuuribüroost Kavakava. Sisekujundus Sirli Eharilt arhitektuuribüroost Laika, Belka & Strelka. 7 vaadet, joonised

  14. Tartu Jaani kiriku terrakotaskulptuurid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    10 fotot Kaur Alttoalt. Maarja võidukaare kohalt, Mooses, eestpalujad Maarja ja Ristija Johannes peaportaalilt, arvatav evangelist Johannes, portree peadefriisilt, daam tanuga, skulptuurid kesklöövi lõunaseinal, torni poolfiguur

  15. Kuriteoohvrite kaitse ja kohtlemise uuring : aruande kokkuvõte : [august 2017] / [Kerly Espenberg, Maie Kiisel, Maarika Lukk ... jt. ; Tartu ülikooli sotsiaalteaduslike rakendusuuringute keskus RAKE

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Ohvrite direktiivi Eesti õigusse ülevõtmise analüüs, ülevaade kuriteoohvrite õigustest ja nende kasutamisest, ohvrite kohtlemisest menetluses, ohvriabist ja selle pakutavatest teenustest ning hüvitistest, lepitusmenetlusest, asutuste koostööst ja ennetustööst ohvrite kaitsel ning kuriteo mõjust ohvrite igapäevaelule

  16. Haldustõkendid ja nende kohaldamise õiguslik režiim : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kaire Orion ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Indrek Koolmeister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orion, Kaire

    1998-01-01

    Haldussund ja selle olemus, haldussund saksa õigussüsteemis, haldustõkendid kui haldussunni vahendid, haldustõkendite liigid, haldustõkendite kohaldamise menetluse põhimõtted, probleemide lahendused.Vt. ka: Juridica (1998) nr. 8, lk. 382-389

  17. Surmanuhtlus kõrgeima võimaliku karistusmäärana : [bakalaureusetöö] / Katrin Roosmaa ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosmaa, Katrin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    Surmanuhtluse olemus ja selle karistusliigiga sanktsioneeritud teod Eestis lähiminevikus, surmanuhtluse määramine ja täideviimine kuni 1998. a.-ni, surmanuhtluse kaotamise direktiiv ning seda toetavad ja mittetoetavad riigid, levinumad poolt- ja vastuargumendid, Eesti elanikkonna suhtumine

  18. Eluruumi kvaliteedi mittevastavus lepingutingimustele müüja ja kinnisvaramaakleri vastutuse alusena : [magistritöö] / Monika Pihlak ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Monika, 1990-

    2015-01-01

    Kinnisasjadele eluruumidena esitatavatest nõuetest, ostja teadmisest või teadma pidamisest asja mittevastavusest, müüja teavitamiskohustusest, VÕS § 218 lg 1 kui vastutusstandardist ja rikkumisele tuginemisest, maakleri teavitamiskohustusest ja selle rikkumise tagajärgedest

  19. Euroopa Liidu õiguse esmasuse piiritlemine Eesti põhiseadusliku korra suhtes : [bakalaureusetöö] / Siim Mõistlik ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Raul Narits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõistik, Siim

    2010-01-01

    Diskussioonist Euroopa Liidu õiguse esmasuse põhimõtte üle, EL nõudlikkusest õiguse esmasuse põhimõtte valguses, ülimuslikkusest Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadusest lähtuvalt. Eesti põhiseaduse aluspõhimõtetest ja nõuetest selle kataloogile

  20. Kohaliku omavalitsuse eelarve aastatel 1918-1993 : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mare Aasmäe ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Mare

    1993-01-01

    Kohaliku omavalitsuse eelarve, selle kujundamise alused ja kord aastatel 1918-1940 (riiklikud laenud, kohalikud maksud, kohalike omavalitsuste eelarve, riiklik järelevalve, linna- ja valla omavalitsuste eelarved), 1941-1989 (riigimaksud ja -lõivud, rajoonilise alluvusega linnade, alevite ja külanõukogude eelarved), 1989-1993 (õiguslikud alused, eelarve tulud-kulud, järelevalve)

  1. Äriühingu maine kahjustamisest tulenevad hüvitisnõuded : [bakalaureusetöö] / Sirli Pettai ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tambet Tampuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pettai, Sirli, 1986-

    2009-01-01

    Äriühingute mainest ja selle kahjustamisega tekkinud kahjust, lepinguõiguslikest kahjuhüvitisnõuetest, hüvitisnõuetest deliktiõiguses, konkurentsist lepinguõiguse ja deliktiõiguse vahel juriidilise isiku maine kahjustamisest tulenevate hüvitisnõuete puhul

  2. Teadusuuringute kasutamisest Euroopa Liidu ja Eesti seadusloomes : [magistritöö] / Kadi Oja ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Kadi

    2010-01-01

    Seadusloome olemusest ja legitiimsusest, sellega tegelevatest riiklikest institutsioonidest Eestis. Euroopa Liidu õigusloomest ja EL institutsioonide tegevusest selles vallas. Õigusaktide mõjude analüüsist (ÕMA e. RIA = Regulatory Impact Analysis), Eesti seaduseelnõude seletuskirjade normatiivsest sisuanalüüsist

  3. Terroristlike rühmituste liikmete sihttapmiste õiguspärasus rahvusvahelises humanitaarõiguses : [magistritöö] / Marika Kütt ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Lauri Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kütt, Marika

    2011-01-01

    Sihttapmistest kui ametlikust vahendist terrorismivastases võitluses, inimõigustest selles kontekstis, relvakonflikti olemasolust kui eeldusest rahvusvahelise humanitaarõiguse kohaldumiseks, sihttapmiste legaalsusest mitterahvusvahelise relvastatud konflikti korral

  4. Korteriomanditeks jagatud kinnisasja kaasomandi eseme ainukasutusse andmine ja kasutuse reguleerimine korteriühistutes parkimise korraldamise näitel : magistritöö / Tuuli Arvi ; juhendaja Kaupo Paal ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond, eraõiguse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arvi, Tuuli

    2018-01-01

    Korteriomandi kaasomandi eseme kasutamise regulatsiooni piiritlemisest teistest sarnastest regulatsioonidest. Korteriomandi kaasomandi eseme ainukasutusse andmisest ja selle reguleerimisest kehtivas Eesti õiguses. Kehtiva õiguse muutmise vajadusest ja võimalustest

  5. Looduskeskkonna kahjustamise sõjakuritegu Rooma statuudi artikkel 8(2)(b)(iv) mõistes : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kadrin Toonekurg ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: René Värk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toonekurg, Kadrin

    2010-01-01

    Keskkonnakaitsest relvakonfliktide käigus, rahvusvahelistest kokkulepetest. Kahju piiritlemisest, elementidest, ulatusest (Lahesõja näitel).Proportsionaalsusest, selle hindamisest (Kosovo konflikti näitel)

  6. Vendas de bebidas alcóolicas: questões (IMpertinentes Selling alcoholic beverages: (IMpertinent questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Cátia Vieira Basílio

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a disponibilidade e o acesso à bebida alcoólica num bairro da cidade de Vitória/ES. Os dados foram obtidos através de pesquisa de campo na região selecionada utilizando a observação simples e a entrevista através da aplicação de questionários numa amostra de 10% dos estabelecimentos encontrados. Os pontos de venda funcionam 7 dias por semana; 68,8% vendem a credito e a um preço médio de R$ 0,41 (a dose de cachaça. 93,8% dos entrevistados não solicitam documento de identidade ao cliente antes de lhe vender bebidas. A relação entre número de moradias e número de pontos de venda foi de 3:1. A alta concentração de estabelecimentos que vendem bebidas alcoólicas no bairro aponta para a necessidade de pensar o entorno (regiões vizinhas da mesma. Estas regiões envolvem áreas marginalizadas onde ocorre tráfico de drogas, fazendo da região estudada uma área importante para o comércio, pela facilidade de acesso aos outros bairros adjacentes da cidade.The objective of this study is to analyse the availability and access to alcoholic beverages in a neighbour-hood in the city of Vitória/ES. Data was obtained by means of field research using simple observation method and the application of questionnaires in a sample of 10% of the establishments encountered in the region. These establishments are open seven days a week; 68,8% of these markets sell on credit and at a medium price of R$ 0,41 (one dose of "cachaça". 93,8% of the sellers who were interviewed doesn't check the identity cards of their clients before selling them the alcoholic beverages. The relation between the number of houses and establishments was 3:1. The high concentration of establishments which sell alcoholic beverages in the neighbourhood brings up the necessity to think about the neighbouring regions. These regions include marginalized areas where there is drug trafficking, making the studied region an important commercial

  7. IMPLEMENTASI PERSONAL SELLING OLEH AGENT DAN DOWNLINE PT MELILEA INTERNASIONAL INDONESIA CABANG KOTA BEKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SALDI MATTA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Brands and products compete with each other to gain market share. The right marketing communication and promotion strategy is one way to win the competition. The main characteristic of this personal selling strategy is the direct interaction between the salesperson and the potential customers, present and instantly know about the advantages and characteristics of products marketed to potential customers. One of the companies that implement this strategy as the main promotional activity is PT. International Melilea Indonesia as a distributor of Melilea organic products. The business and marketing systems run by agents and Melilea's downlines are Multi Level Marketing (MLM so that meeting with customers is an obligation in personal sales activities. This study was conducted to find out how the implementation of personal selling activities undertaken by agent and Melilea Distributor in Bekasi branch. This research uses qualitative approach with descriptive type. The method used is a case study to conduct in-depth interviews to informants. Implementation of personal selling activities of PT. Melilea Indonesia International in this case Melilea agent and downline at Bekasi branch is done through five stages: prospecting, approaching, service, interactive media, and consumer care.   Merk dan produk saling bersaing satu sama lain untuk mendapatkan pangsa pasar. Strategi komunikasi dan promosi pemasaran yang tepat sebagai salah satu cara untuk memenangkan persaingan. Ciri utama dari strategi penjualan personal ini adalah interaksi langsung antara wiraniaga dengan calon konsumen, hadir dan langsung mengetahui tentang kelebihan dan karakteristik produk yang dipasarkan ke calon konsumen. Salah satu perusahaan yang menerapkan strategi ini sebagai kegiatan promosi utama adalah PT. International Melilea Indonesia sebagai distributor produk organik Melilea. Sistem bisnis dan pemasaran yang dijalankan oleh agen dan downline Melilea adalah Multi Level Marketing

  8. Strategi Komunikasi Persuasif Personal Selling dalam Meningkatkan Nasabah pada Produk Asuransi Umum di PT. Jasaraharja Putera Cabang Pekanbaru

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Evawani Elysa; Firdaus, Yanie Pratiwi

    2016-01-01

    Insurance is a product or service that is visible and there is no clarity of goods, therefore, the general public does not trust the insurance with a variety of things, such as a lack of confidence in the insurance, especially the old and procedures that are considered difficult to process a claim if a loss, and the rate high. PT. Jasaraharja Putera Branch Pekanbaru selling face to face (personal selling) with the aim to explain about the products offered. This study aims to determine the app...

  9. Perceived neighborhood illicit drug selling, peer illicit drug disapproval and illicit drug use among U.S. high school seniors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background This study examined associations between perceived neighborhood illicit drug selling, peer illicit drug disapproval and illicit drug use among a large nationally representative sample of U.S. high school seniors. Methods Data come from Monitoring the Future (2007–2011), an annual cross-sectional survey of U.S. high school seniors. Students reported neighborhood illicit drug selling, friend drug disapproval towards marijuana and cocaine use, and past 12-month and past 30-day illicit drug use (N = 10,050). Multinomial logistic regression models were fit to explain use of 1) just marijuana, 2) one illicit drug other than marijuana, and 3) more than one illicit drug other than marijuana, compared to “no use”. Results Report of neighborhood illicit drug selling was associated with lower friend disapproval of marijuana and cocaine; e.g., those who reported seeing neighborhood sales “almost every day” were less likely to report their friends strongly disapproved of marijuana (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.29, 0.49) compared to those who reported never seeing neighborhood drug selling and reported no disapproval. Perception of neighborhood illicit drug selling was also associated with past-year drug use and past-month drug use; e.g., those who reported seeing neighborhood sales “almost every day” were more likely to report 30-day use of more than one illicit drug (AOR = 11.11, 95% CI: 7.47, 16.52) compared to those who reported never seeing neighborhood drug selling and reported no 30-day use of illicit drugs. Conclusions Perceived neighborhood drug selling was associated with lower peer disapproval and more illicit drug use among a population-based nationally representative sample of U.S. high school seniors. Policy interventions to reduce “open” (visible) neighborhood drug selling (e.g., problem-oriented policing and modifications to the physical environment such as installing and monitoring surveillance cameras) may

  10. Optimal selling price and energy procurement strategies for a retailer in an electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hatami, A.R.; Seifi, H.; Sheikh-El-Eslami, M.K.

    2009-01-01

    In an electricity market, the retailer sets up contracts with the wholesale side for purchasing electricity and with the customers for its selling. This paper proposes a mathematical method based on mixed-integer stochastic programming to determine the optimal sale price of electricity to customers and the electricity procurement policy of a retailer for a specified period. The retailer has multiple choices for electricity procurement, such as spot market, forward contracts, call options and self-production. Risk is considered and modeled by conditional value-at-risk methodology. Also, the competition between retailers is modeled using a market share function. A case study is illustrated to demonstrate the capability of the proposed method. (author)

  11. Book review: Pradeep, A.K.: "The buying brain: secrets for selling to the subconscious mind"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neven Kružljak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knjiga The Buying Brain: Secrets for Selling to the Subconscious Mind objavljena je 2010. godine, a izdavač je John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA. Djelo sadrži 231 stranicu podijeljenu u 18 poglavlja poredanih tako da čitatelja postupno uvode u područje neuromarketinga. Autor započinje predstavljajući trenutačnu problematiku u istraživanju tržišta i otkrivanju želja potrošača, nastavlja opisom neuromarketinških tehnologija, strukturom i osnovnim funkcijama mozga. Slijede savjeti o učinkovitom upravljanju markom, dizajniranju proizvoda te organiziranju prodajnog prostora, potkrijepljeni autorovim saznanjima iz provedenih istraživanja.

  12. Stellar performance: top honor for Tesco - new generation of mechanical muscle sells like hot cakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaremko, G.

    1997-01-01

    Tesco Corporation, a Calgary-based oil field equipment supply company, was recently awarded the 1997 Canada Export Award. The award was for top performance in selling, leasing and maintaining (all in one package) a top drive unit. The unit rotates drills up from rig floors to the top of the pipe strings that drive the drill bits into the earth. There are currently some 130 Tesco machines in action despite heavy competition from industry giant Varco and others. Tesco is also developing new product lines for the rapidly developing 'underbalanced drilling' market, and is testing a new concept for simultaneous drilling and casing of wells. If this concept works out as expected, Tesco will have the market all to itself, at least until competitors catch up

  13. Sell by auction instead of giving away. A solution for the atomic conflict

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frondel, Manuel; Schmidt, Christoph M.; Bochum Univ.

    2010-01-01

    Controversial as it may be, an extension of the limited operating permits granted to German nuclear power plants could benefit all interests involved: climate protection, security of supply and the efficiency of power production. Public acceptance of the contemplated extension is poor, but this need not be so. An intelligently organised auction could make it possible to sell permit extensions such that the additional profit made by electricity producers would largely be skimmed off and public revenue maximised. If the nuclear power dividend thus earned were to be wisely invested by the political leadership for society's future prosperity, the present nuclear power conflict could be transformed into a sustainable nuclear power consensus, for the benefit of the environment, consumers and the energy-dependent sectors of the economy.

  14. Selling the Arc of Crisis: Promoting Foreign Policy Change during the Carter Presidency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Vinha Luis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Carter Administration came to Office seeking to continue a policy of détente. However, the Administration’s policy vis-à-vis the Soviets became more assertive throughout the Presidency, culminating in the Carter Doctrine. The current paper applies a conceptual framework for “issue selling” to argue that a more assertive foreign policy was being promoted by the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and his NSC staff since the early days of the Carter Presidency. By applying an assortment of issue selling strategies, Zbigniew Brzezinski and the NSC staff were able to exploit the communicative interactions amongst the political leadership to continuously promote a more forceful US policy towards the Soviets. By being able to interpret and define the problem representation facing the Administration, the APNSA was able initiate and continuously promote a wholesale policy transformation leading to the development of the Carter Doctrine.

  15. Stellar performance: top honor for Tesco - new generation of mechanical muscle sells like hot cakes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaremko, G.

    1997-10-06

    Tesco Corporation, a Calgary-based oil field equipment supply company, was recently awarded the 1997 Canada Export Award. The award was for top performance in selling, leasing and maintaining (all in one package) a top drive unit. The unit rotates drills up from rig floors to the top of the pipe strings that drive the drill bits into the earth. There are currently some 130 Tesco machines in action despite heavy competition from industry giant Varco and others. Tesco is also developing new product lines for the rapidly developing `underbalanced drilling` market, and is testing a new concept for simultaneous drilling and casing of wells. If this concept works out as expected, Tesco will have the market all to itself, at least until competitors catch up.

  16. Analisis Penerapan Value Creation Selling dalam Strategi Pemasaran Perusahaan Jasa Logistik: Studi Kasus di PT XYZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A company is a market-oriented when the culture of value creation superior customer systematically and comprehensively implemented on company concerned. Value can be defined as the ratio of benefit to cost, where customers expect a rate of return equal or exceed the costs they incurred to obtain the products they bought. From the case studies conducted on PT XYZ, then, in getting the project tender delivery of goods geophysical equipment for the Brunei Loon project, it has been implemented value selling creation, which includes three main components, ie customer portraits, the proposed value, and benefits to customers or total value of ownership. Overall, the efficiency given value is about 20% compared to its closest competitor, the safety shipping and on time, as well as the positive benefits of the profit margin, cash flow, return on investment, brand equity, market share and customers.

  17. Implementing relational marketing in a coffee selling company in Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaac Cruz Estrada

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this investigation is to propose a relationship marketing process in a coffee selling company in Baja California as a case study. First, relationship marketing is conceptualized and its contribution to the creation of value in organizations is analyzed; moreover, empirical studies from various authors, who point out the influence of this process on customer satisfaction, are included. 149 surveys were conducted in order to obtain the correlation between the guarantee to offer a product or service and value generation by delivering tangible and intangible elements for customer satisfaction. This proposal belongs to the company where the research was carried out; it can be adapted to organizations which offer a service and are in the situation studied.

  18. A distributed algorithm for demand-side management: Selling back to the grid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latifi, Milad; Khalili, Azam; Rastegarnia, Amir; Zandi, Sajad; Bazzi, Wael M

    2017-11-01

    Demand side energy consumption scheduling is a well-known issue in the smart grid research area. However, there is lack of a comprehensive method to manage the demand side and consumer behavior in order to obtain an optimum solution. The method needs to address several aspects, including the scale-free requirement and distributed nature of the problem, consideration of renewable resources, allowing consumers to sell electricity back to the main grid, and adaptivity to a local change in the solution point. In addition, the model should allow compensation to consumers and ensurance of certain satisfaction levels. To tackle these issues, this paper proposes a novel autonomous demand side management technique which minimizes consumer utility costs and maximizes consumer comfort levels in a fully distributed manner. The technique uses a new logarithmic cost function and allows consumers to sell excess electricity (e.g. from renewable resources) back to the grid in order to reduce their electric utility bill. To develop the proposed scheme, we first formulate the problem as a constrained convex minimization problem. Then, it is converted to an unconstrained version using the segmentation-based penalty method. At each consumer location, we deploy an adaptive diffusion approach to obtain the solution in a distributed fashion. The use of adaptive diffusion makes it possible for consumers to find the optimum energy consumption schedule with a small number of information exchanges. Moreover, the proposed method is able to track drifts resulting from changes in the price parameters and consumer preferences. Simulations and numerical results show that our framework can reduce the total load demand peaks, lower the consumer utility bill, and improve the consumer comfort level.

  19. SELLING CANANG SARI (As an Alternative of Effort in Informal Sector to overcome household economics problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desak Putu Eka Nilakusmawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Decrease in family income represent an impact of economic pressures, as an effect of economic crisis. Other side, the existing problems that extension of the job opportunity in the urban area with existence of development in the various sector do not absorb entire labour force which is progressively growing larger its amount.Economic problem force woman of lower economic class to involved take part in earning for increase family income by working beyond domestic sectors. Involvement of woman in labor market trigered by family’s economic problems, besides existence of the job opportunity factor. Alternative effort being carried out is by selling canang.Increasing of urban community activities in Denpasar City makes them have no time to make banten or canang. To find an easier way to overcome this situation, many people tend to buy canang/banten which is ready to use, also more practical and spent less time than the time spent when they make by themselves . This phenomenon gives a chance to canang sellers to get income additional. In the difficult condition of the economics problem, many woman have to take part to overcome economic problems which they face. One of the alternative is involved into labour market, and involve in trade is one of the choice. Because of the existence of opportunity as explained above, many women overcome their economic problems and try to give contribution to their family income by selling the canang.Phenomenon more and more canang sellers which are spread alongside the road side in Denpasar City shown that the informal sector have a great role to maintaining and also improving household economics. The effort as the canang seller can represent an alternative of effort in informal sector to overcome economics problem in the household level. Roles of woman as a subject of this informal sector, have a big contribution in maintaining household economics.

  20. A distributed algorithm for demand-side management: Selling back to the grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milad Latifi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Demand side energy consumption scheduling is a well-known issue in the smart grid research area. However, there is lack of a comprehensive method to manage the demand side and consumer behavior in order to obtain an optimum solution. The method needs to address several aspects, including the scale-free requirement and distributed nature of the problem, consideration of renewable resources, allowing consumers to sell electricity back to the main grid, and adaptivity to a local change in the solution point. In addition, the model should allow compensation to consumers and ensurance of certain satisfaction levels. To tackle these issues, this paper proposes a novel autonomous demand side management technique which minimizes consumer utility costs and maximizes consumer comfort levels in a fully distributed manner. The technique uses a new logarithmic cost function and allows consumers to sell excess electricity (e.g. from renewable resources back to the grid in order to reduce their electric utility bill. To develop the proposed scheme, we first formulate the problem as a constrained convex minimization problem. Then, it is converted to an unconstrained version using the segmentation-based penalty method. At each consumer location, we deploy an adaptive diffusion approach to obtain the solution in a distributed fashion. The use of adaptive diffusion makes it possible for consumers to find the optimum energy consumption schedule with a small number of information exchanges. Moreover, the proposed method is able to track drifts resulting from changes in the price parameters and consumer preferences. Simulations and numerical results show that our framework can reduce the total load demand peaks, lower the consumer utility bill, and improve the consumer comfort level. Keywords: Energy, Systems engineering, Electrical engineering

  1. Who sells what? Country specific differences in substance availability on the Agora cryptomarket.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Buskirk, Joe; Naicker, Sundresan; Roxburgh, Amanda; Bruno, Raimondo; Burns, Lucinda

    2016-09-01

    To date monitoring of cryptomarkets operating on the dark net has largely focused on market size and substance availability. Less is known of country specific differences in these indicators and how they may corroborate population prevalence estimates for substance use in different countries. All substance listings from the cryptomarket Agora were recorded over seven time points throughout February and March 2015. Agora was chosen due to its size as the second largest cryptomarket operating and the level of detail of information provided in individual substance listings. Data were collated and the number of unique sellers selling each substance by country of origin was analysed. An average of 14,456.7 substance listings were identified across sampled days from 868.7 unique sellers. The top five countries by number of listings were the USA, United Kingdom, Australia, China and the Netherlands, collectively accounting for 61.8% of all identified listings and 68% of all unique sellers. Australia was over represented in terms of sellers per capita, while China was over represented in new psychoactive substance (NPS) listings. When examined by number of listings per seller, the Netherlands and China stood out as particularly large, likely due to these countries' role in the local production of various illicit and new psychoactive substances. Numbers of sellers by country of origin appear to be influenced by several factors. Australia's overrepresentation in sellers per capita may indicate its relative geographical isolation and the potential for profit margins from selling online, while China's overrepresentation in NPS listings may reflect domestic production of these substances. Continued monitoring will provide enhanced understanding of the increasingly complex and globalised nature of illicit drug markets. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. David and Goliath : the procedures for selling ENEL distribution lines to city-owned companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Onofri, L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzed the economic impacts of the provisions under Article 9 of the Bersani Decree, relating to the sale of the ENEL distribution networks to city-owned companies, with particular reference to the ENEL-AEM Milano case. The Bersani Decree states that the sale of networks must be made according to normal market rules, but also rules that ENEL is obliged to sell its own distribution network. Through the use of analytical instruments inspired by the contract theory, this study highlighted several contradictions in the decree. It was noted that the deferment to private parties bargaining to perform the sale was contradictory, as it was counterbalanced and blocked by the legal compulsion to sell. The Bersani Decree influences the bargaining power of the parties by handing it over to the city-owned company, who then make as low an evaluation of the contract as possible. This has prompted several companies to seek arbitration. If the arbitrators are unable to arrive at a satisfactory price, the contract will not be completed. The refusal to accept a proposed price may be seen as an attempt to negotiate a different purchase price. In addition, magistrates undertake the bargaining power that would be be granted to both parties to respect the Bersani Decree, in that the magistrate has the power to order one or both parties to conclude the contract. The independent setting of the sale is compromised and does not necessarily reflect the evaluations of parties involved. Appeals to appraisers, hearings and research mean that the costs to both parties, and society, increases. It was suggested that legislators should allow the market to work independently, without mandating the terms of private companies' transactions, and without additional procedural phases. A market-oriented formulation could avoid useless extensions and costs in the sale of ENEL-owned distribution networks to city-owned companies. 17 refs., 4 tabs., 12 figs

  3. 24 CFR 100.135 - Unlawful practices in the selling, brokering, or appraising of residential real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unlawful practices in the selling, brokering, or appraising of residential real property. 100.135 Section 100.135 Housing and Urban Development... residential real property in connection with the sale, rental, or financing of any dwelling where the person...

  4. The Effects of Task Clarification, Visual Prompts, and Graphic Feedback on Customer Greeting and Up-Selling in a Restaurant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squires, James; Wilder, David A.; Fixsen, Amanda; Hess, Erica; Rost, Kristen; Curran, Ryan; Zonneveld, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    An intervention consisting of task clarification, visual prompts, and graphic feedback was evaluated to increase customer greeting and up-selling in a restaurant. A combination multiple baseline and reversal design was used to evaluate intervention effects. Although all interventions improved performance over baseline, the delivery of graphic…

  5. Teaching "Yes, And" … Improv in Sales Classes: Enhancing Student Adaptive Selling Skills, Sales Performance, and Teaching Evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocco, Richard A.; Whalen, D. Joel

    2014-01-01

    In an application of experiential learning, assessment, and career development, this article reports a field experiment of teaching sales students adaptive selling skills via an "Improvisational (Improv) Comedy" technique: "Yes, And." Students learn this well-established theatrical improv method via classroom lecture,…

  6. The innovation effect of user design: Exploring consumers' innovation perceptions of firms selling products designed by users

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Schreier (Martin); C. Fuchs (Christoph); D.W. Dahl (Darren)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe authors study consumer perceptions of firms that sell products designed by users. In contrast with the traditional design mode, in which professional designers employed by firms handle the design task, common design by users involves the firm's user community in creating new product

  7. 17 CFR 1.39 - Simultaneous buying and selling orders of different principals; execution of, for and between...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Simultaneous buying and... Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Recordkeeping § 1.39 Simultaneous buying and selling orders of different principals...

  8. 40 CFR 1042.330 - Selling engines from an engine family with a suspended certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... with a suspended certificate of conformity. 1042.330 Section 1042.330 Protection of Environment... engines from an engine family with a suspended certificate of conformity. You may sell engines that you produce after we suspend the engine family's certificate of conformity under § 1042.315 only if one of the...

  9. Do retailers really profit from ambidextrous managers? : the impact of frontline mechanisms on new and existing product selling performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borgh, van der W.; Schepers, J.J.L.

    2014-01-01

    When manufacturers introduce a new product to the market, downstream retail partners are faced with inherent trade-offs. Retail sales personnel have to support the new product's introduction with substantial sales efforts but also sell the existing products in stock, before storage and devaluation

  10. Negotiating the city: Exploring the intersecting vulnerabilities of non-national migrant mothers who sell sex in Johannesburg, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walker, Becky; Vearey, Jo; Nencel, L.S.

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the intersecting vulnerabilities of non-national migrant mothers who sell sex in Johannesburg, South Africa – one of the most unequal cities in the world. Migrants who struggle to access the benefits of the city live and work in precarious peripheral spaces where they

  11. Gender Differences in Personal Selling Ethics Evaluations: Do They Exist and What Does Their Existence Mean for Teaching Sales Ethics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoho, Casey; Heinze, Timothy; Kondo, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Sales career opportunities are growing, and the number of women in sales is increasing. Educators must adequately prepare both men and women for today's ethical sales dilemmas. Using the Personal Selling Ethics Scale, the current study analyzes the impact of idealism and relativism on the sales ethics evaluations of men and women. Results indicate…

  12. 41 CFR 102-74.75 - May Federal agencies sell tobacco products in vending machines in Government-owned and leased space?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... sell tobacco products in vending machines in Government-owned and leased space? 102-74.75 Section 102... Services § 102-74.75 May Federal agencies sell tobacco products in vending machines in Government-owned and leased space? No. Section 636 of Public Law 104-52 prohibits the sale of tobacco products in vending...

  13. Tahe lepinguõiguses ja selle roll lepingute sõlmimisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Tiina Pappel ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Margus Kingisepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pappel, Tiina

    1999-01-01

    Tahte olemus ja selle käsitlus lepinguteooria arengus, tahet käsitlevad lepinguteooriad, tahteavaldus, tahteavalduse siduvus ja ulatus, tahte mittevastavus tahteavaldusele ja selle tagajärjed.Vt. ka Õigusinstituudi toimetised (1999) nr. 2, lk. 8-9

  14. 25 CFR 309.9 - When can non-Indians make and sell products in the style of Indian arts and crafts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of Indian arts and crafts? 309.9 Section 309.9 Indians INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROTECTION OF INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS PRODUCTS § 309.9 When can non-Indians make and sell products in the style of Indian arts and crafts? A non-Indian can make and sell products in the style of...

  15. Potential benefits of minimum unit pricing for alcohol versus a ban on below cost selling in England 2014: modelling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Alan; Meng, Yang; Holmes, John; Hill-McManus, Daniel; Meier, Petra S

    2014-09-30

    To evaluate the potential impact of two alcohol control policies under consideration in England: banning below cost selling of alcohol and minimum unit pricing. Modelling study using the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model version 2.5. England 2014-15. Adults and young people aged 16 or more, including subgroups of moderate, hazardous, and harmful drinkers. Policy to ban below cost selling, which means that the selling price to consumers could not be lower than tax payable on the product, compared with policies of minimum unit pricing at £0.40 (€0.57; $0.75), 45 p, and 50 p per unit (7.9 g/10 mL) of pure alcohol. Changes in mean consumption in terms of units of alcohol, drinkers' expenditure, and reductions in deaths, illnesses, admissions to hospital, and quality adjusted life years. The proportion of the market affected is a key driver of impact, with just 0.7% of all units estimated to be sold below the duty plus value added tax threshold implied by a ban on below cost selling, compared with 23.2% of units for a 45 p minimum unit price. Below cost selling is estimated to reduce harmful drinkers' mean annual consumption by just 0.08%, around 3 units per year, compared with 3.7% or 137 units per year for a 45 p minimum unit price (an approximately 45 times greater effect). The ban on below cost selling has a small effect on population health-saving an estimated 14 deaths and 500 admissions to hospital per annum. In contrast, a 45 p minimum unit price is estimated to save 624 deaths and 23,700 hospital admissions. Most of the harm reductions (for example, 89% of estimated deaths saved per annum) are estimated to occur in the 5.3% of people who are harmful drinkers. The ban on below cost selling, implemented in the England in May 2014, is estimated to have small effects on consumption and health harm. The previously announced policy of a minimum unit price, if set at expected levels between 40 p and 50 p per unit, is estimated to have an approximately 40-50 times

  16. State sells oil and gas shares in Norway - Statoil to stock exchange list

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kimpanpaeae, M.

    2001-01-01

    After several months debate the government of Norway has decided to sell parts of the national oil-company Staoil as well as state-owned gas and oil shares. The government has stated that in the first stage it would be possible to privatize 20% of the Statoil. The market value of Staoil in summer 1999 was estimated to 120 billion NOK and the value has been estimated to increase ever since. The same proposal includes selling 20% of the national oil and gas shares SDOEE. 15 % would be sold to Statoil before listing the company into the stock exchange and the rest to Norsk Hydro and other national and international companies. The remaining share, the value of which is about 500 billion NOK, will become a part of a new state-owned company. The oil and energy ministry of Norway has estimated that the market value of SDOEE is about 600 billion NOK. Advisory committee decided to increase the share to be sold of SDOEE to 21.5%, the share of other companies being 6.5%. SDOEE was grounded in 1985. Since then a part of the oil and gas income of Statoil has gone into the balances of Statoil and another part directly to the state. Statoil has been responsible for the oil and gas sales of SDOEE. SDOEE's gas and oil reserves have been estimated to be about 9.8 billion barrels, 35% of which is oil and the rest natural gas. A new independent state owned company will be founded for transport of natural gas as a part of the change process. Oil companies and other energy companies will deliver the natural gas also in the future. In addition to the national arrangements, the EU's gas market directive will lead to changes in the Norwegian gas sales. As a part of the European Economic Area Norway will put the EU's gas markets directive into force without any transition period. The directive will decrease the price of natural gas and hence the income of Norway from natural gas is estimated to decrease significantly. At the moment the sales company GFU is responsible for organizing the

  17. Women who sell sex in a Ugandan trading town: life histories, survival strategies and risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gysels, Marjolein; Pool, Robert; Nnalusiba, Betty

    2002-01-01

    Little is known about the background of commercial sex workers in Africa. This study investigated how women in a trading town on the trans-Africa highway in southwest Uganda become involved in commercial sex work, which factors contribute to their economic success or lack of success, and what effect life trajectories and economic success have on negotiating power and risk behaviour. Over the course of two years detailed life histories of 34 women were collected through recording open, in-depth interviews, the collection of sexual and income and expenditure diaries, visits to the women's native villages, and participant observation. The women share similar disadvantaged backgrounds and this has played a role in their move into commercial sex. They have divergent experiences, however, in their utilisation of opportunities and in the level of success they achieve. They have developed different life styles and a variety of ways of dealing with sexual relationships. Three groups of women were identified: (1) women who work in the back-street bars, have no capital of their own and are almost entirely dependent on selling sex for their livelihood; (2) waitresses in the bars along the main road who engage in a more institutionalised kind of commercial sex, often mediated by middlemen and (3) the more successful entrepreneurs who earn money from their own bars as well as from commercial sex. The three groups had different risk profiles. Due partly to their financial independence from men, women in the latter group have taken control of sexual relationships and can negotiate good sexual deals for themselves, both financially and in terms of safe sex. The poorer women were more vulnerable and less able to negotiate safer sex. A disadvantaged background and restricted access to economic resources are the major reasons for women gravitating to commercial sex work. Various aspects of personality play a role in utilising income from commercial sex to set up an economic basis that

  18. Buying on margin, selling short in an agent-based market model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ting; Li, Honggang

    2013-09-01

    Credit trading, or leverage trading, which includes buying on margin and selling short, plays an important role in financial markets, where agents tend to increase their leverages for increased profits. This paper presents an agent-based asset market model to study the effect of the permissive leverage level on traders’ wealth and overall market indicators. In this model, heterogeneous agents can assume fundamental value-converging expectations or trend-persistence expectations, and their effective demands of assets depend both on demand willingness and wealth constraints, where leverage can relieve the wealth constraints to some extent. The asset market price is determined by a market maker, who watches the market excess demand, and is influenced by noise factors. By simulations, we examine market results for different leverage ratios. At the individual level, we focus on how the leverage ratio influences agents’ wealth accumulation. At the market level, we focus on how the leverage ratio influences changes in the asset price, volatility, and trading volume. Qualitatively, our model provides some meaningful results supported by empirical facts. More importantly, we find a continuous phase transition as we increase the leverage threshold, which may provide a further prospective of credit trading.

  19. How to sell renewable electricity. Interactions of the intraday and day-ahead market under uncertainty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knaut, Andreas; Obermueller, Frank

    2016-04-15

    Uncertainty about renewable production increases the importance of sequential short-term trading in electricity markets. We consider a two-stage market where conventional and renewable producers compete in order to satisfy the demand of consumers. The trading in the first stage takes place under uncertainty about production levels of renewable producers, which can be associated with trading in the day-ahead market. In the second stage, which we consider as the intraday market, uncertainty about the production levels is resolved. Our model is able to capture different levels of flexibility for conventional producers as well as different levels of competition for renewable producers. We find that it is optimal for renewable producers to sell less than the expected production in the day-ahead market. In situations with high renewable production it is even profitable for renewable producers to withhold quantities in the intraday market. However, for an increasing number of renewable producers, the optimal quantity tends towards the expected production level. More competition as well as a more flexible power plant fleet lead to an increase in overall welfare, which can even be further increased by delaying the gate-closure of the day-ahead market or by improving the quality of renewable production forecasts.

  20. When sex doesn't sell: using sexualized images of women reduces support for ethical campaigns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongiorno, Renata; Bain, Paul G; Haslam, Nick

    2013-01-01

    Images of scantily clad women are used by advertisers to make products more attractive to men. This "sex sells" approach is increasingly employed to promote ethical causes, most prominently by the animal-rights organization PETA. Yet sexualized images can dehumanize women, leaving an unresolved paradox--is it effective to advertise an ethical cause using unethical means? In Study 1, a sample of Australian male undergraduates (N = 82) viewed PETA advertisements containing either sexualized or non-sexualized images of women. Intentions to support the ethical organization were reduced for those exposed to the sexualized advertising, and this was explained by their dehumanization of the sexualized women, and not by increased arousal. Study 2 used a mixed-gender community sample from the United States (N = 280), replicating this finding and extending it by showing that behaviors helpful to the ethical cause diminished after viewing the sexualized advertisements, which was again mediated by the dehumanization of the women depicted. Alternative explanations relating to the reduced credibility of the sexualized women and their objectification were not supported. When promoting ethical causes, organizations may benefit from using advertising strategies that do not dehumanize women.