Sample records for secobarbital

  1. Secobarbital (United States)

    ... one else can take it accidentally or on purpose. Keep track of how many capsules are left ... to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in ...

  2. 77 FR 35691 - Notice of Withdrawal of Certain Unapproved Abbreviated New Drug Applications (United States)


    ... sulfate. 83444 Rauwolfia serpentina. 83454 Lidocaine. 83494 Meprobamate. 83503 Negatol. 83537 Secobarbital... hydrochloride. 83864 Secobarbital sodium. 83865 Promethazine hydrochloride. 83867 Rauwolfia serpentina. 83880...

  3. Brimonidine Ophthalmic (United States)

    ... is in a class of drugs called alpha adrenergic agonists. Brimonidine works by decreasing the amount of ... phenobarbital and secobarbital (Seconal); digoxin (Lanoxin); medications for anxiety, high blood pressure, mental illness, pain, or seizures; ...

  4. Manual control analysis of drug effects on driving performance (United States)

    Smiley, A.; Ziedman, K.; Moskowitz, H.


    The effects of secobarbital, diazepam, alcohol, and marihuana on car-driver transfer functions obtained using a driving simulator were studied. The first three substances, all CNS depressants, reduced gain, crossover frequency, and coherence which resulted in poorer tracking performance. Marihuana also impaired tracking performance but the only effect on the transfer function parameters was to reduce coherence.

  5. The effects of psychoactive drugs and neuroleptics on language in normal subjects and schizophrenic patients: a review. (United States)

    Salomé, F; Boyer, P; Fayol, M


    The aim of this survey is to present an overview of research into psychopharmacology as regards the effects of different psychoactive drugs and neuroleptics (NL) on language in normal subjects and schizophrenic patients. Eighteen studies that have investigated the effects of different drugs (alcohol, amphetamines, secobarbital, L-dopa, psilocybin, ketamine, fenfluramine) and neuroleptics (conventional and atypical) on language are reviewed. There are no studies concerning the effects of neuroleptics on language in healthy subjects. The results of the effects of other molecules indicate that language production can be increased (alcohol, amphetamine, secobarbital), rendered more complex (d-amphetamine), more focused (L-dopa) or more unfocused (psilocybin) and clearly impaired (ketamine). For schizophrenic patients, most studies show that conventional neuroleptic treatments, at a therapeutic dosage and in acute or chronic mode, reduce language disorders at all levels (clinic, linguistic, psycholinguistic). In conjunction with other molecules, the classical NL, when administered at a moderate dosage and in chronic mode, modify language in schizophrenia, either by improving the verbal flow and reducing pauses and positive thought disorder (NL + amphetamine) or by inducing an impairment in the language measurements (NL + fenfluramine). Clinical, methodological and theoretical considerations of results are debated in the framework of schizophrenic language disorders.

  6. Implementing a Death with Dignity program at a comprehensive cancer center. (United States)

    Loggers, Elizabeth Trice; Starks, Helene; Shannon-Dudley, Moreen; Back, Anthony L; Appelbaum, Frederick R; Stewart, F Marc


    The majority of Death with Dignity participants in Washington State and Oregon have received a diagnosis of terminal cancer. As more states consider legislation regarding physician-assisted death, the experience of a comprehensive cancer center may be informative. We describe the implementation of a Death with Dignity program at Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, the site of care for the Fred Hutchinson-University of Washington Cancer Consortium, a comprehensive cancer center in Seattle that serves the Pacific Northwest. Institution-level data were compared with publicly available statewide data from Oregon and Washington. A total of 114 patients inquired about our Death with Dignity program between March 5, 2009, and December 31, 2011. Of these, 44 (38.6%) did not pursue the program, and 30 (26.3%) initiated the process but either elected not to continue or died before completion. Of the 40 participants who, after counseling and upon request, received a prescription for a lethal dose of secobarbital (35.1% of the 114 patients who inquired about the program), all died, 24 after medication ingestion (60% of those obtaining prescriptions). The participants at our center accounted for 15.7% of all participants in the Death with Dignity program in Washington (255 persons) and were typically white, male, and well educated. The most common reasons for participation were loss of autonomy (97.2%), inability to engage in enjoyable activities (88.9%), and loss of dignity (75.0%). Eleven participants lived for more than 6 months after prescription receipt. Qualitatively, patients and families were grateful to receive the lethal prescription, whether it was used or not. Overall, our Death with Dignity program has been well accepted by patients and clinicians.

  7. Determination of phenobarbital in hair matrix by liquid phase microextraction (LPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). (United States)

    Roveri, Flávia Lopes; Paranhos, Beatriz Aparecida Passos Bismara; Yonamine, Mauricio


    A method for identification and quantification of phenobarbital in hair samples by liquid phase microextraction (LPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been presented. Drug-free hair specimens were collected and separated in 50mg aliquots. Each aliquot was washed with 2.0mL of dichloromethane for 15min at 37°C. Standards and deuterated internal standards for calibration and quality control samples were added to the washed hair aliquot and the sample was submitted to complete digestion with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) 1.0mol/L for 15min at 70°C. The dissolved sample was submitted to LPME. After extraction, the residue was derivatized with tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) and analyzed by GC-MS. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.1ng/mg and the limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.25ng/mg. The calibration curve was linear over a concentration range of 0.25ng/mg to 10ng/mg (r(2)>0.99). The intra- and inter-assay precisions, given by RSD, were less than 6% for phenobarbital. Fortified samples of secobarbital and pentobarbital were also submitted to the validated method. The method was successfully applied to hair samples collected from three volunteers who reported regular use of phenobarbital (clinical treatment). The concentrations found were 9.5, 15.1 and 16.3ng/mg of phenobarbital. To contemplate the concentrations found, dilution integrity tests were also validated. The LPME and GC-MS method showed to be suitable for the detection of phenobarbital in hair samples and can be promptly used for different purposes whenever required. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Testing of selected pharmacological agents for capturing waterfowl [Annual Progress Report (United States)

    Cline, D.R.


    the seven compounds, mainly because of its unacceptable therapeutic index (2.25) and because it possesses prolonged induction and recovery periods. Two new experimental drugs, methoxymol and metomidate (Pitman-Moore), appeared effective and safe when administered by intubation but produced a taste aversion when added to bait. Rejection because of taste was also a problem with secobarbital (Seconal of Elanco Products), and its therapeutic index of 2.75 was unacceptable. Monitoring of heart and respiratory rates, and body temperature by telemetry showed promise as a technique for determining physiological response to drug action.