WorldWideScience

Sample records for scientific review comm

  1. Scientific computer simulation review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaizer, Joshua S.; Heller, A. Kevin; Oberkampf, William L.

    2015-01-01

    Before the results of a scientific computer simulation are used for any purpose, it should be determined if those results can be trusted. Answering that question of trust is the domain of scientific computer simulation review. There is limited literature that focuses on simulation review, and most is specific to the review of a particular type of simulation. This work is intended to provide a foundation for a common understanding of simulation review. This is accomplished through three contributions. First, scientific computer simulation review is formally defined. This definition identifies the scope of simulation review and provides the boundaries of the review process. Second, maturity assessment theory is developed. This development clarifies the concepts of maturity criteria, maturity assessment sets, and maturity assessment frameworks, which are essential for performing simulation review. Finally, simulation review is described as the application of a maturity assessment framework. This is illustrated through evaluating a simulation review performed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. In making these contributions, this work provides a means for a more objective assessment of a simulation’s trustworthiness and takes the next step in establishing scientific computer simulation review as its own field. - Highlights: • We define scientific computer simulation review. • We develop maturity assessment theory. • We formally define a maturity assessment framework. • We describe simulation review as the application of a maturity framework. • We provide an example of a simulation review using a maturity framework

  2. Ethics of reviewing scientific publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napolitani, Federica; Petrini, Carlo; Garattini, Silvio

    2017-05-01

    The approval or rejection of scientific publications can have important consequences for scientific knowledge, so considerable responsibility lies on those who have to assess or review them. Today it seems that the peer review process, far from being considered an outdated system to be abandoned, is experiencing a new upturn. This article proposes criteria for the conduct of reviewers and of those who select them. While commenting on new emerging models, it provides practical recommendations for improving the peer-review system, like strengthening the role of guidelines and training and supporting reviewers. The process of peer review is changing, it is getting more open and collaborative, but those same ethical principles which guided it from its very origin should remain untouched and be firmly consolidated. The paper highlights how the ethics of reviewing scientific publications is needed now more than ever, in particular with regard to competence, conflict of interest, willingness to discuss decisions, complete transparency and integrity. Copyright © 2016 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Understanding Peer Review of Scientific Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    An important factor in the success of America's national research system is that federal funds for university-based research are awarded primarily through peer review, which uses panels of scientific experts, or "peers," to evaluate the quality of grant proposals. In this competitive process, proposals compete for resources based on their…

  4. The philosophy of scientific experimentation: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Practicing and studying automated experimentation may benefit from philosophical reflection on experimental science in general. This paper reviews the relevant literature and discusses central issues in the philosophy of scientific experimentation. The first two sections present brief accounts of the rise of experimental science and of its philosophical study. The next sections discuss three central issues of scientific experimentation: the scientific and philosophical significance of intervention and production, the relationship between experimental science and technology, and the interactions between experimental and theoretical work. The concluding section identifies three issues for further research: the role of computing and, more specifically, automating, in experimental research, the nature of experimentation in the social and human sciences, and the significance of normative, including ethical, problems in experimental science. PMID:20098589

  5. Book Review: Scientific Writing for Young Astronomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uyttenhove, Jos

    2011-12-01

    EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France. Part 1 : 162 pp. € 35 ISBN 978-2-7598-0506-8 Part 2 : 298 pp. € 60 ISBN 978-2-7598-0639-3 The journal Astronomy & Astrophysics (A&A) and EDP Sciences decided in 2007 to organize a School on the various aspects of scientific writing and publishing. In 2008 and 2009 Scientific Writing for Young Astronomers (SWYA) Schools were held in Blankenberge (B) under the direction of Christiaan Sterken (FWO-VUB). These two books (EAS publication series, Vol. 49 and 50) reflect the outcome of these Schools. Part 1 contains a set of contributions that discuss various aspects of scientific publication; it includes A&A Editors' view of the peer review and publishing process. A very interesting short paper by S.R. Pottasch (Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen, and one of the two first Editors-in Chief of A&A) deals with the history of the creation of the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Two papers by J. Adams et al. (Observatoire de Paris) discuss language editing, including a detailed guide for any non-native user of the English language. In 2002 the Board of Directors decided that all articles in A&A must be written in clear and correct English. Part 2 consists of three very extensive and elaborated papers by Christiaan Sterken, supplying guidelines to PhD students and postdoctoral fellows to help them compose scientific papers for different forums (journals, proceedings, thesis, etc.). This part is of interest not only for young astronomers but it is very useful for scholars of all ages and disciplines. Paper I "The writing process" (60 pp.) copes with the preparation of manuscripts, with communicating with editors and referees and with avoiding common errors. Delicate problems on authorship, refereeing, revising multi-authored papers etc. are treated in 26 FAQ's. Paper II "Communication by graphics" (120 pp.) is entirely dedicated to the important topic of communication with images, graphs, diagrams, tables etc. Design types of graphs

  6. Testing Scientific Software: A Systematic Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanewala, Upulee; Bieman, James M.

    2014-01-01

    Context Scientific software plays an important role in critical decision making, for example making weather predictions based on climate models, and computation of evidence for research publications. Recently, scientists have had to retract publications due to errors caused by software faults. Systematic testing can identify such faults in code. Objective This study aims to identify specific challenges, proposed solutions, and unsolved problems faced when testing scientific software. Method We conducted a systematic literature survey to identify and analyze relevant literature. We identified 62 studies that provided relevant information about testing scientific software. Results We found that challenges faced when testing scientific software fall into two main categories: (1) testing challenges that occur due to characteristics of scientific software such as oracle problems and (2) testing challenges that occur due to cultural differences between scientists and the software engineering community such as viewing the code and the model that it implements as inseparable entities. In addition, we identified methods to potentially overcome these challenges and their limitations. Finally we describe unsolved challenges and how software engineering researchers and practitioners can help to overcome them. Conclusions Scientific software presents special challenges for testing. Specifically, cultural differences between scientist developers and software engineers, along with the characteristics of the scientific software make testing more difficult. Existing techniques such as code clone detection can help to improve the testing process. Software engineers should consider special challenges posed by scientific software such as oracle problems when developing testing techniques. PMID:25125798

  7. Testing Scientific Software: A Systematic Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanewala, Upulee; Bieman, James M

    2014-10-01

    Scientific software plays an important role in critical decision making, for example making weather predictions based on climate models, and computation of evidence for research publications. Recently, scientists have had to retract publications due to errors caused by software faults. Systematic testing can identify such faults in code. This study aims to identify specific challenges, proposed solutions, and unsolved problems faced when testing scientific software. We conducted a systematic literature survey to identify and analyze relevant literature. We identified 62 studies that provided relevant information about testing scientific software. We found that challenges faced when testing scientific software fall into two main categories: (1) testing challenges that occur due to characteristics of scientific software such as oracle problems and (2) testing challenges that occur due to cultural differences between scientists and the software engineering community such as viewing the code and the model that it implements as inseparable entities. In addition, we identified methods to potentially overcome these challenges and their limitations. Finally we describe unsolved challenges and how software engineering researchers and practitioners can help to overcome them. Scientific software presents special challenges for testing. Specifically, cultural differences between scientist developers and software engineers, along with the characteristics of the scientific software make testing more difficult. Existing techniques such as code clone detection can help to improve the testing process. Software engineers should consider special challenges posed by scientific software such as oracle problems when developing testing techniques.

  8. Sexual Consent as a Scientific Subject: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenner, Lydia

    2017-01-01

    Despite the presumed centrality of sexual consent to definitions of sexual violence, it remains an ambiguous and often unexamined concept both in lay and professional/scientific discourses. The following literature review of peer-reviewed research studying sexual consent as a scientific object will thematically present major findings from said…

  9. 75 FR 1066 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... Person: Patrick K. Lai, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes... Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Clinical Neuroscience and...

  10. 78 FR 4419 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Biomedical Imaging and Engineering Area Review. Date... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Nanotechnology...

  11. Scientific review of psychophysiological detection of deceit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Areh

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Psychophysiological detection of deceit has been in the centre of attention in the recent decade, which correlates with heightened security challenges of a modern world. The article provides scientific discussion about polygraph that is used in criminal investigation. Two most employed polygraph techniques are critically presented, examined and compared: the Comparison Question Test (CQT and the Concealed Information Test (CIT. Theoretical foundations, objectivity and standardization of testing procedures, ethical and practical issues are analysed. Proponents of the Comparison Question Test have not been successful in their efforts to resolve fundamental problems and limitations with which the technique is challenged. It remains unstandardized and unscientific, separated from science and mainly without attempts to escape from the dead-end. The most influential theoretical backgrounds of CQT technique are examined; however, none of them represents a satisfactory scientific foundation of the technique. Without being scientifically grounded in a verifiable theory, it remains controversial and caught into self-sufficiency, mostly supported by methodologically questionable research findings gained by proponents. To the contrary, the Concealed Information Test is associated with fast development, particularly in the field of neurology, and is considered to be less disputed and to be partly supported by a sound scientific ground. Applying the Concealed Question Test, somewhat naïve and disputable detection of lies typical of the Comparison Question Test is replaced by a search for information that lies concealed in the suspects’ memory. However, the Concealed Information Test also has been challenged by serious deficiencies, which bring forward a question about justification of the use of the polygraph.

  12. 76 FR 30372 - Center for Scientific Review; Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Panel; Member Conflict: Speech and Cognition. Date: June 9-10, 2011. Time: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Emotion...

  13. Learning from open source software projects to improve scientific review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Satrajit S; Klein, Arno; Avants, Brian; Millman, K Jarrod

    2012-01-01

    Peer-reviewed publications are the primary mechanism for sharing scientific results. The current peer-review process is, however, fraught with many problems that undermine the pace, validity, and credibility of science. We highlight five salient problems: (1) reviewers are expected to have comprehensive expertise; (2) reviewers do not have sufficient access to methods and materials to evaluate a study; (3) reviewers are neither identified nor acknowledged; (4) there is no measure of the quality of a review; and (5) reviews take a lot of time, and once submitted cannot evolve. We propose that these problems can be resolved by making the following changes to the review process. Distributing reviews to many reviewers would allow each reviewer to focus on portions of the article that reflect the reviewer's specialty or area of interest and place less of a burden on any one reviewer. Providing reviewers materials and methods to perform comprehensive evaluation would facilitate transparency, greater scrutiny, and replication of results. Acknowledging reviewers makes it possible to quantitatively assess reviewer contributions, which could be used to establish the impact of the reviewer in the scientific community. Quantifying review quality could help establish the importance of individual reviews and reviewers as well as the submitted article. Finally, we recommend expediting post-publication reviews and allowing for the dialog to continue and flourish in a dynamic and interactive manner. We argue that these solutions can be implemented by adapting existing features from open-source software management and social networking technologies. We propose a model of an open, interactive review system that quantifies the significance of articles, the quality of reviews, and the reputation of reviewers.

  14. Peer Review in Scientific Publications: Benefits, Critiques, & A Survival Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Jacalyn; Sadeghieh, Tara

    2014-01-01

    Peer review has been defined as a process of subjecting an author’s scholarly work, research or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field. It functions to encourage authors to meet the accepted high standards of their discipline and to control the dissemination of research data to ensure that unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations or personal views are not published without prior expert review. Despite its wide-spread use by most journals, the peer review process has also been widely criticised due to the slowness of the process to publish new findings and due to perceived bias by the editors and/or reviewers. Within the scientific community, peer review has become an essential component of the academic writing process. It helps ensure that papers published in scientific journals answer meaningful research questions and draw accurate conclusions based on professionally executed experimentation. Submission of low quality manuscripts has become increasingly prevalent, and peer review acts as a filter to prevent this work from reaching the scientific community. The major advantage of a peer review process is that peer-reviewed articles provide a trusted form of scientific communication. Since scientific knowledge is cumulative and builds on itself, this trust is particularly important. Despite the positive impacts of peer review, critics argue that the peer review process stifles innovation in experimentation, and acts as a poor screen against plagiarism. Despite its downfalls, there has not yet been a foolproof system developed to take the place of peer review, however, researchers have been looking into electronic means of improving the peer review process. Unfortunately, the recent explosion in online only/electronic journals has led to mass publication of a large number of scientific articles with little or no peer review. This poses significant risk to advances in scientific knowledge and its future potential. The current

  15. 77 FR 32649 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Cancer Diagnostics and Treatments. Date: June 28-29...). Contact Person: Fouad A El-Zaatari, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  16. 76 FR 5597 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Biomaterials, Delivery Systems, and Nanotechnology... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict...

  17. 78 FR 7438 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892. Contact Person: Melinda Jenkins, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer... Henry, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health...

  18. PFOA and possible health effects : A review of scientific literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijs KJ; Bogers RP; M&G; M&V

    2017-01-01

    Associations were found between blood concentrations of PFOA in humans and possible health effects and functioning of the body. This is the result of a review of previously performed reviews of the scientific literature on studies conducted among humans by the National Institute for Public Health

  19. 77 FR 65567 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; PAR Panel: Newborn Disorders. Date: November 28, 2012... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Gastrointestinal, Kidney and...

  20. 75 FR 32958 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts: Topics in Infectious Diseases and....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Immunology...

  1. 76 FR 6805 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Immunology. Date: March 10... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Topics on Infectious Diseases and Microbiology...

  2. 78 FR 16860 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-19

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Neuronal... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and...

  3. 77 FR 8270 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Diabetes, Obesity and Reproductive Sciences. Date... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Sensory and Motor Neuroscience...

  4. 77 FR 26771 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Motor... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Obesity...

  5. Review of the British scientific sounding rocket and balloon programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delury, J.T.

    1978-01-01

    This review describes the UK scientific sounding rocket programmes which have utilised Skylarks for 21 years, Petrels for 10 years and Fulmars for 2 years. The SRC's ongoing programme is now based on the Petrel and Fulmar rockets, and approved proposals by 5 UK scientific groups covering 1978 and 1979 are outlined. The British scientific balloon programme, which serves 14 scientific groups within UK universities, involves a planned 10 flights per annum using balloons of 3 M cu ft to 31 M cu ft capacity and payloads up to 2 tons in weight. The review outlines the balloon programme of flights planned mainly from Palestine in Texas and Alice Springs/Mildura in Australia. (author)

  6. Learning from open source software projects to improve scientific review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satrajit S Ghosh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Peer-reviewed publications are the primary mechanism for sharing scientific results. The current peer-review process is, however, fraught with many problems that undermine the pace, validity, and credibility of science. We highlight five salient problems: (1 Reviewers are expected to have comprehensive expertise; (2 Reviewers do not have sufficient access to methods and materials to evaluate a study; (3 Reviewers are not acknowledged; (4 There is no measure of the quality of a review; and (5 Reviews take a lot of time, and once submitted cannot evolve. We propose that these problems can be resolved by making the following changes to the review process. Distributing reviews to many reviewers would allow each reviewer to focus on portions of the article that reflect the reviewer’s specialty or area of interest and place less of a burden on any one reviewer, enabling a more comprehensive and timely review. Providing reviewers materials and methods to perform comprehensive evaluation would facilitate transparency, replication of results and enable greater scrutiny by people from different fields using different nomenclature, leading to greater clarity and cross-fertilization of ideas. Acknowledging reviewers makes it possible to quantitatively assess reviewer contributions, which could be integrated with assessments for promotions and grants. Quantifying review quality could help establish the importance of reviewers and information generated during a review, and assess the importance of a submitted article. Finally, we recommend expediting post-publication reviews and allowing for the dialogue to continue and flourish in a dynamic and interactive manner. We argue that these solutions can be addressed by building upon computer programming code management systems. In this article, we provide examples of current code review systems that offer opportunities for addressing the above problems, and offer suggestions for enhancing code review systems for

  7. 75 FR 2877 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ..., CA 92109. Contact Person Paek-Gyu Lee, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...: Hotel Monaco, 700 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20004. Contact Person Peter B. Guthrie, PhD, Scientific...

  8. 78 FR 12422 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... nursing research. Applications are reviewed for scientific and technical merit, mission relevance, and the... Program Manager, Scientific Merit Review Board, Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research...

  9. 33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... external peer review. 385.22 Section 385.22 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT... RESTORATION PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.22 Independent scientific review and external peer review... members, shall not attempt to influence the panel's review or assign this panel any other tasks, nor...

  10. Editorial Note: Reevaluating Book Reviews: As Scientific Contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Günter Mey

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this text, I would like to describe some advantages book reviews offer. The book reviews—providing the fact that they succeed in offering more than just a short content description to the reader—can also contribute to scientific discourses in a similar way regular contributions do. One of the reasons why book reviews currently often do not fulfil this possible function is due to the existing restrictions within traditional print media publishing. Additionally worth mentioning are actual standards within the scientific community which tend to underestimate the value of book reviews or review essays. In the second part, I will discuss some developmental potentials in book reviews which up to now were hardly recognized: Especially with the Internet and its characteristics-nearly unlimited space resources; flexible publishing time and design of the contributions; chance for a direct exchange between researchers, for example using discussion boards—a re-evaluation of book reviews and review essays seems to be possible and reasonable. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0003400

  11. 75 FR 37453 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ...: Cognition, Language and Perception. Date: July 12, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and... Francisco, CA 94108. Contact Person: Weijia Ni, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  12. 75 FR 80511 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ...: Cognition and Perception. Date: January 19-20, 2011. Time: 12 p.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Weijia Ni, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  13. 77 FR 293 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    .... Contact Person: Patrick K Lai, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group...

  14. 77 FR 60446 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... Panel; Genomic, Molecular Genetics Variation Studies Using Model Organisms AREA Review. Date: October 19...: David J Remondini, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes...

  15. 77 FR 50703 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... . Name of Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group; Nanotechnology Study... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Dermatology and...

  16. 75 FR 36662 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Review of the Mass Spectrometry Research Center. Date... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; RFA Panel...

  17. 75 FR 3542 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... Board is to review rehabilitation research and development applications for scientific and technical...

  18. 75 FR 40036 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... is to review rehabilitation research and development applications for scientific and technical merit...

  19. PARENTAL ALIENATION IN BRAZIL: A REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Maria Prado Soma

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Parental Alienation (PA and Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS are of great relevance to the common area shared by Psychology and Law, and have gained emphasis in Brazil since the approval of Law 12.318/2010. Such law provides punishment for alienating practices and determines the role of Forensic Psychologists in the investigation of alleged cases. Nevertheless, the topic is controversial from a scientific point of view and the literature is scarce, particularly in Brazil.The present study reviewed the Brazilian scientific literature regarding PA and PAS up to July 2015. As a result, 13 articles were selected and analyzed. Nine of them were theoretical papers, and only four presented results from empirical research. Unfortunately most publications, including the empirical studies, did not seem to offer important contributions to the area. The lack of empirical research on this topic affects the area’s conceptual development and professional conduct while working with families in litigation.

  20. Integrated scientific data bases review on asulacrine and associated toxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afzal, Attia; Sarfraz, Muhammad; Wu, Zimei; Wang, Guangji; Sun, Jianguo

    2016-08-01

    Asulacrine (ASL), a weakly basic and highly lipophilic drug was synthesized in 1980's in cancer research laboratory of Auckland by modifications to the acridine portion of amsacrine on 3-, 4- and 5-substitution patterns. In contrast to its precursor amsacrine (m-AMSA), ASL was effective not only against leukemia and Lewis lung tumor system but also a wide variety of solid tumor. Its metabolic pathway is not same to amsacrine hence different side effects, hepatotoxicity and excretion was observed. Asulacrine is under phase II clinical trials and has showed promising results but its toxicity especially phlebitis is stumbling block in its clinical implementation. This review is an effort to give a possible clue, based on scientifically proven results, to the researchers to solve the mystery of associated toxicity, phlebitis. Review covers the available literature on asulacrine and other acridine derivatives regarding pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, quantitative structure activity relationship and toxicology via electronic search using scientific databases like PubMed and others. To date, all abstracts and full-text articles were discussed and analyzed. The tabulated comparisons and circuitry mechanism of ASL are the added features of the review which give a complete understanding of hidden aspects of possible route cause of associated toxicity, the phlebitis. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  1. 76 FR 6486 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; RFA Panel: Topics in Bacterial Pathogenesis. Date... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Neurodegeneration, Trauma, Immunology and Imaging. Date: March 7-8... 6487

  2. 78 FR 32670 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ... Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer Diagnostics and Treatments (CDT). Date: June 27-28, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m...). Contact Person: ouad A El-Zaatari, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  3. 76 FR 9354 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Cancer Biology and Therapy. Date... (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Fouad A. El-Zaatari, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for...

  4. 76 FR 10912 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... 22202. Contact Person: Lawrence E Boerboom, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review... Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: February 18, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory...

  5. 77 FR 8269 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    .... Place: Mayflower Park Hotel, 405 Olive Way, Seattle, WA 98101. Contact Person: Rebecca Henry, Ph.D... 20814. Contact Person: Melinda Jenkins, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  6. Characterization of the peer review network at the Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyack, Kevin W; Chen, Mei-Ching; Chacko, George

    2014-01-01

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest source of funding for biomedical research in the world. This funding is largely effected through a competitive grants process. Each year the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) at NIH manages the evaluation, by peer review, of more than 55,000 grant applications. A relevant management question is how this scientific evaluation system, supported by finite resources, could be continuously evaluated and improved for maximal benefit to the scientific community and the taxpaying public. Towards this purpose, we have created the first system-level description of peer review at CSR by applying text analysis, bibliometric, and graph visualization techniques to administrative records. We identify otherwise latent relationships across scientific clusters, which in turn suggest opportunities for structural reorganization of the system based on expert evaluation. Such studies support the creation of monitoring tools and provide transparency and knowledge to stakeholders.

  7. 75 FR 3241 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... Review Group; Bioengineering, Technology and Surgical Sciences Study Section. Date: February 11-12, 2010... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Addiction and Toxicity. Date: February...

  8. 78 FR 52206 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ...: Biophysics, Biochemistry and Chemistry. Date: September 18-19, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Agenda: To..., Bethesda, MD 20892 (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: John L Bowers, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer..., Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health, 6701...

  9. 77 FR 12605 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ..., (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Eduardo A Montalvo, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for... Person: Allen Richon, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes...: Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Bioengineering. Date: March 15-20, 2012. Time: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m...

  10. 78 FR 36789 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    .... Contact Person: Aruna K Behera, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National...: Biochemistry & Macromolecular Biophysics. Date: July 15-17, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Agenda: To..., Bethesda, MD 20892 (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: James W Mack, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer...

  11. 75 FR 4090 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... El Camino Real, San Diego, CA 92130. Contact Person: William A. Greenberg, PhD., Scientific Review... (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Fouad A. El-Zaatari, PhD., Scientific Review Officer, Center for... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Experimental Cancer Therapeutics. Date...

  12. Teleconference versus Face-to-Face Scientific Peer Review of Grant Application: Effects on Review Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, Stephen A.; Carpenter, Afton S.; Glisson, Scott R.

    2013-01-01

    Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific peer review data to investigate whether review setting has an effect on review process and outcome measures. We analyzed reviewer scoring data from a research program that had recently modified the review setting from face-to-face to a teleconference format with minimal changes to the overall review procedures. This analysis included approximately 1600 applications over a 4-year period: two years of face-to-face panel meetings compared to two years of teleconference meetings. The average overall scientific merit scores, score distribution, standard deviations and reviewer inter-rater reliability statistics were measured, as well as reviewer demographics and length of time discussing applications. The data indicate that few differences are evident between face-to-face and teleconference settings with regard to average overall scientific merit score, scoring distribution, standard deviation, reviewer demographics or inter-rater reliability. However, some difference was found in the discussion time. These findings suggest that most review outcome measures are unaffected by review setting, which would support the trend of using teleconference reviews rather than face-to-face meetings. However, further studies are needed to assess any correlations among discussion time, application funding and the productivity of funded research projects. PMID:23951223

  13. Teleconference versus face-to-face scientific peer review of grant application: effects on review outcomes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen A Gallo

    Full Text Available Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific peer review data to investigate whether review setting has an effect on review process and outcome measures. We analyzed reviewer scoring data from a research program that had recently modified the review setting from face-to-face to a teleconference format with minimal changes to the overall review procedures. This analysis included approximately 1600 applications over a 4-year period: two years of face-to-face panel meetings compared to two years of teleconference meetings. The average overall scientific merit scores, score distribution, standard deviations and reviewer inter-rater reliability statistics were measured, as well as reviewer demographics and length of time discussing applications. The data indicate that few differences are evident between face-to-face and teleconference settings with regard to average overall scientific merit score, scoring distribution, standard deviation, reviewer demographics or inter-rater reliability. However, some difference was found in the discussion time. These findings suggest that most review outcome measures are unaffected by review setting, which would support the trend of using teleconference reviews rather than face-to-face meetings. However, further studies are needed to assess any correlations among discussion time, application funding and the productivity of funded research projects.

  14. Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program scientific peer review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Bentz, C.B.; O'Hora, T.D.; Chen, S.Y.

    1997-01-01

    The 1,350 square-mile Nevada Test Site and additional sites in Nevada served as the continental sites for US nuclear weapons testing from 1951 to 1992. The Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program (NRAMP) is a currently on-going effort of the Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and the firm of E. J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., in cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management Program. Argonne National Laboratory is one of several public and private organizations supporting personnel appointed by the NRAMP to the NRAMP Scientific Peer Review Panel. The NRAMP is part of a national effort by the DOE to develop new sources of information and approaches to risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, and public outreach relevant to the ecological and human health effects of radioactive and hazardous materials management and site remediation activities. This paper describes the development, conduct, and current results of the scientific peer review process which supports the goals of the NRAMP

  15. An Integrative Review of Scientific Evidence for Reconnective Healing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Natalie L.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: Biofield therapies offer a novel, non-invasive approach to treating chronic diseases based on assessing and adjusting an individual's physiological and emotional responses through their bio-energetic field. Reconnective Healing™ (RH) is defined as: “…not just energy healing, but instead a more comprehensive spectrum of healing composed of energy, light, and information.” Objectives: Several biofield therapies, such as Reiki, Therapeutic Touch and Johrei, have already been reviewed in the literature but RH has received little attention even though it is taught and practiced worldwide. This review provides a critical assessment of RH as a healing modality. Methods: Scientific research articles published in peer-reviewed journals addressing RH were identified using relevant databases and archives. Information was extracted from each article that met selection criteria for evaluation of quality of reporting and design. This review summarizes and critically evaluates the five currently published peer-reviewed research papers involving RH and assesses whether RH provides consistent physiological outcomes between the studies. Results: These results, taken together, suggest: (i) exposure of a healer or healee to RH, either directly or indirectly, amplifies their degree of autonomic arousal and energy, (ii) RH can reduce pain and improve range of motion in people with shoulder limitations, and (iii) when individuals experience RH as a group, their autonomic nervous systems simultaneously show sudden similar responses consistent with the idea that RH is mitigated by entrainment of biofields. Conclusions: Since these studies are extremely varied in design it is not possible at this point to reach conclusions about the general effectiveness of RH. More clinical and physiological research performed on different populations under a range of conditions is needed in order to support this healthcare approach. PMID:28654301

  16. Meditation, Health and Scientific Investigations: Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampaio, Cynthia Vieira Sanches; Lima, Manuela Garcia; Ladeia, Ana Marice

    2017-04-01

    A growing number of people are seeking health recovery treatments with a holistic approach to the human being. Meditation is a mental training capable of producing connection between the mind, body and spirit. Its practice helps people to achieve balance, relaxation and self-control, in addition to the development of consciousness. At present, meditation is classified as a complementary and integrative technique in the area of health. The purpose of this review of the literature was to describe what meditation is, its practices and effects on health, demonstrated by consistent scientific investigations. Recently, the advances in researches with meditation, the discovery of its potential as an instrument of self-regulation of the human body and its benefits to health have shown that it is a consistent alternative therapy when associated with conventional medical treatments.

  17. 77 FR 65570 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... Conference Call). Contact Person: Carol Hamelink, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific...--Convention Center, 900 10th Street NW., Washington, DC 20001. Contact Person: Mark P Rubert, Ph.D... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biophysics...

  18. 78 FR 6854 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet on February 13-14, 2013, at the... research. Applications are reviewed for scientific and technical merit. Recommendations regarding funding...

  19. State of the Arctic Coast 2010: Scientific Review and Outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachold, V.; Forbes, D. L.; Kremer, H.; Lantuit, H.

    2010-12-01

    The coast is a key interface in the Arctic environment. It is a locus of human activity, a rich band of biodiversity, critical habitat, and high productivity, and among the most dynamic components of the circumpolar landscape. The Arctic coastal interface is a sensitive and important zone of interaction between land and sea, a region that provides essential ecosystem services and supports indigenous human lifestyles; a zone of expanding infrastructure investment and growing security concerns; and an area in which climate warming is expected to trigger landscape instability, rapid responses to change, and increased hazard exposure. Starting with a collaborative workshop in October 2007, the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), the Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) Project and the International Permafrost Association (IPA) decided to jointly initiate an assessment of the state of the Arctic coast. The goal of this report is to draw on initial findings regarding climate change and human dimensions for the Arctic as a whole provided by the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) and Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR) to develop a comprehensive picture of status and current and anticipated change in the most sensitive Arctic coastal areas. Underlying is the concept of a social ecological system perspective that explores the implications of change for the interaction of humans with nature. The report is aimed to be a first step towards a continuously updated coastal assessment and to identify key issues seeking future scientific concern in an international Earth system research agenda. The report titled “State of the Arctic Coast 2010: Scientific Review and Outlook” is the outcome of this collaborative effort. It is organized in three parts: the first provides an assessment of the state of Arctic coastal systems under three broad disciplinary themes - physical systems, ecological systems, and human concerns in the coastal zone; the

  20. 75 FR 27794 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Transplantation, Tolerance, and Tumor Immunology Study...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Special Topics: Bacterial Pathogenesis. Date: [email protected] . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Cellular and Molecular Immunology...

  1. 78 FR 312 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    ...: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group Clinical, Integrative and Molecular....nih.gov . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  2. 78 FR 60297 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ..., Rockville, MD 20852. Contact Person: Leonid V. Tsap, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific...: Residence Inn Bethesda, 7335 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Patrick K Lai, Ph.D...

  3. 78 FR 735 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ..., CA 94102. Contact Person: Eileen W Bradley, DSC, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific...-93.878, 93.892, 93.893, National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: December 31, 2012. Melanie J. Gray...

  4. Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayne, Stephen C; McGivney, Glen P; Mazer, Sarah C

    2003-02-01

    This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major sections of a scientific manuscript are reviewed in detail in terms of content, format, and common errors; examples of good content are provided. The review process is described, and instructions on conducting fair and expeditious manuscript evaluations are provided for reviewers. In addition, a number of special topics are addressed, including potential conflicts of interest for an author, institutional review of experiments that involve human subjects or animals, and the reproduction of photographs and other images in color versus black and white. In summary, this article presents key guidelines to ensure compliance with the principles of sound scientific writing and the expeditious review of manuscripts prepared for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals.

  5. 76 FR 3643 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Societal and Ethical Issues in Research. Date: February... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Synapses, Cytoskeleton and Trafficking Study Section. Date: February 10...

  6. 78 FR 107 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... Biochemistry of Membranes. Date: January 23, 2013. Time: 1:00 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... 20036. Contact Person: Nitsa Rosenzweig, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review... Santa Monica Hotel, 530 West Pico Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA 90405. Contact Person: David R. Jollie, Ph...

  7. 78 FR 9931 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... Bethesda Metro Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Abdelouahab Aitouche, Ph...). Contact Person: James J Li, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National...: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biophysics Date: March 6-7, 2013 Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  8. 77 FR 77080 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... Biochemistry of Membranes. Date: January 23, 2013. Time: 1:00 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... 20036. Contact Person: Nitsa Rosenzweig, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review... Santa Monica Hotel, 530 West Pico Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA 90405. Contact Person: David R. Jollie, Ph...

  9. 76 FR 65739 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Review of the National Resource for Mass Spectrometry of Biological Macromolecules Date: November 13-15, 2011. Time: 8 a... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  10. 75 FR 38111 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; PAR10-082: Mass Spectrometry Instrumentation. Date: July 19-20, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  11. 75 FR 41505 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Mass Spectrometry Shared Instrumentation Study Section... Instrumentation: Mass Spectrometers. Date: August 5-6, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  12. 78 FR 30318 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... Computational Mass-Spectrometry. Date: June 19-21, 2013. Time: 7:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict...

  13. 77 FR 66623 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project: Mass Spectrometry Resource. Date: November 26-28, 2012. Time: 7:00 p.m. to 12:00 p.m. Agenda: To review... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  14. 75 FR 27793 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Mechanisms of Psychiatric... Integrated Review Group; Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section. Date: June 10-11, 2010. Time: 8 a.m...

  15. 78 FR 2681 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ...-435-1212, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Innate Immunity... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts: Pain and Hearing Date: February 12-13, 2013. Time... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Radiation Oncology. Date...

  16. 76 FR 2914 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Risk Prevention and Health... . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section...

  17. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400... STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research...

  18. 76 FR 573 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ..., Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: February 3-4, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflicts...

  19. 77 FR 71604 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Topics in Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering. Date: December 5, 2012. Time: 11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Agenda: To review... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  20. 76 FR 31619 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ..., Delivery Systems, and Nanotechnology. Date: June 28, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Molecular...

  1. 78 FR 24224 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... Integrated Review Group; Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: May 23-24, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel...

  2. 75 FR 8979 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel, Biomaterials, Delivery Systems, and Nanotechnology. Date: March 15-16... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, PAR08-130...

  3. 78 FR 52552 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... & Technologies Integrated Review Group, Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: September 26-27, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict...

  4. 75 FR 22819 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special... 20892, 301-435- 0903, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special...

  5. 75 FR 32487 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Biomaterials, Delivery Systems, and... Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. Date: June 28-29, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  6. National scientific literature on nursing ethics: a systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilka Nicéia D’Aquino Oliveira Teixeira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the most prevalent nursing ethical issues published in scientific Brazilian journals. Methods: A systematic literature review with the following inclusion criteria: (1 articles on Nursing Ethics written in Portuguese, English, French, and Spanish; (2 published in Brazilian journals; (3 in the period from January 1997 to February 2009. The search was carried out in four databases BDENF, LILACS, MEDLINE, and SCIELO. The key-words were ethics AND nursing. The selected studies were classified into categories. The content of the articles were analyzed using the Collective Subject Discourse. The categories generated discourses by organizing the main excerpts from the abstracts of the selected studies, which are the “key expressions”. Results: A hundred and thirty three articles that met the inclusion criteria were classified into eight categories: 1. Nursing Care; 2. Dilemmas and Controversies; 3. Education; 4. Legal Aspects; 5. Research; 6. Management; 7. Values and Beliefs; 8. Perspectives and Health Policies. The category “Nursing Care” prevailed in 36% of the selected articles, and it was classified into six subcategories. “Dilemmas and Controversies” was the second most prevalent category (15%. Conclusion: The number of theoretical papers on ethical issues is high, but there is little research on the ethical experiences in nursing practice.

  7. Surgery and pleuro-pulmonary tuberculosis: a scientific literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subotic, Dragan; Yablonskiy, Piotr; Sulis, Giorgia; Cordos, Ioan; Petrov, Danail; Centis, Rosella; D’Ambrosio, Lia; Sotgiu, Giovanni

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major public health concern, mostly affecting resource-constrained settings and marginalized populations. The fight against the disease is hindered by the growing emergence of drug-resistant forms whose management can be rather challenging. Surgery may play an important role to support diagnosis and treatment of the most complex cases and improve their therapeutic outcome. We conducted a non-systematic review of the literature based on relevant keywords through PubMed database. Papers in English and Russian were included. The search was focused on five main areas of intervention as follows: (I) diagnosis of complicated cases; (II) elimination of contagious persisting cavities, despite appropriate chemotherapy; (III) treatment of destroyed lung; (V) resection of tuberculomas; (VI) treatment of tuberculous pleural empyema. Although specific practical guidelines concerning surgical indications and approaches are currently unavailable, a summary of the evidence emerged from the scientific literature was elaborated to help the clinician in the management of severely compromised TB patients. The decision to proceed to surgery is usually individualized and a careful assessment of the patient’s risk profile is always recommended before performing any procedure in addition to appropriate chemotherapy. PMID:27499980

  8. 76 FR 28237 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Societal and Ethical Issues in Research...

  9. 76 FR 10382 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... Biomedicine and Agriculture: Infectious Diseases, Immunology and the Circulatory System. Date: March 21, 2011... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Bioengineering Special Topics. Date: March...

  10. 78 FR 60294 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: The Molecular Immunology of Host... Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Topics in Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antimicrobial Resistance...

  11. 77 FR 511 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... Emphasis Panel, PAR-11-228: Shared Instrumentation: Cell Biology, Physiology and Robotics. Date: February 1...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Multidisciplinary Healthcare Delivery Research AREA...

  12. 77 FR 5260 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Integrative and Functional Neuroscience. Date: February 28-29... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts...

  13. 77 FR 73666 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... Emphasis Panel; Integrative, Functional, and Cognitive Neuroscience Member Conflicts: Hearing and Taste... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict...

  14. 76 FR 21385 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict[email protected] . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience [[Page 21386...

  15. Annual review of selected scientific literature: Report of the committee on scientific investigation of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Terence E; Marzola, Riccardo; Murphy, Kevin R; Cagna, David R; Eichmiller, Frederick; McKee, James R; Metz, James E; Albouy, Jean-Pierre

    2016-11-01

    It is clear the contemporary dentist is confronted with a blizzard of information regarding materials and techniques from journal articles, advertisements, newsletters, the internet, and continuing education events. While some of that information is sound and helpful, much of it is misleading at best. This review identifies and discusses the most important scientific findings regarding outcomes of dental treatment to assist the practitioner in making evidence-based choices. This review was conducted to assist the busy dentist in keeping abreast of the latest scientific information regarding the clinical practice of dentistry. Each of the authors, who are considered experts in their disciplines, was asked to peruse the scientific literature published in 2015 in their discipline and review the articles for important information that may have an impact on treatment decisions. Comments on experimental methodology, statistical evaluation, and overall validity of the conclusions are included in many of the reviews. The reviews are not meant to stand alone but are intended to inform the interested reader about what has been discovered in the past year. The readers are then invited to go to the source if they wish more detail. Analysis of the scientific literature published in 2015 is divided into 7 sections, dental materials, periodontics, prosthodontics, occlusion and temporomandibular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, cariology, and implant dentistry. Copyright © 2016 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. 78 FR 3009 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    .... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Marina del Rey Hotel, 13534 Bali Way, Marina... North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Contact Person: Dianne Hardy, Ph.D., Scientific Review...

  17. 77 FR 30021 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-21

    ... North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611. Contact Person: Toby Behar, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer.... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Marina del Rey Hotel, 13534 Bali Way, Marina...

  18. 77 FR 63844 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ...: Personality Studies. Date: November 12, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Metabolism, Obesity and Diabetes. Date: November...

  19. 78 FR 27975 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ...: Culture, Health and Wellbeing. Date: June 11, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member conflict: Lung Diseases...

  20. 77 FR 3277 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-23

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel PAR-11-044: Indo-US Collaborative Program on Low-Cost Medical... Review Group; Biochemistry and Biophysics of Membranes Study Section. Date: February 16-17, 2012. Time: 8...

  1. 75 FR 80830 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Committee: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group; Pregnancy... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... and evaluate grant applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda...

  2. 78 FR 58547 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Oncology 2--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group; Cancer... Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Fouad A El-Zaatari, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer...

  3. 76 FR 24894 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... Sciences Integrated Review Group; Arthritis, Connective Tissue and Skin Study Section. Date: June [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer Genetics...

  4. 75 FR 10291 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ..., Skeletal Muscle Pathologies. Date: March 30, 2010. Time: 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Skeletal Muscle. Date: March...

  5. 77 FR 8888 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Cell Biology...: Cancer Therapeutics. Date: March 6, 2012. Time: 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  6. 77 FR 1704 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; R15: Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering, Oral, Bone and Skeletal Muscle Biology. Date: February 7-8, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  7. 75 FR 32956 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Bone and Cartilage Biology. Date... Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Cell Biology and Molecular Imaging. Date: June 30, 2010...

  8. 76 FR 53688 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Clinical...- 1153, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  9. 76 FR 22716 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-402- 5671, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical... Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health, 6701... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Kidney, Urology Continues...

  10. 76 FR 29770 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project: Regulation of Mammalian Meiosis...

  11. 75 FR 55592 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ... Conference Call). Contact Person: Tomas Drgon, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, HDM IRG, Center for Scientific..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences Integrated Review Group...: Risk Prevention and Health Behavior. Date: October 21-22, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To...

  12. 77 FR 51033 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ...: Biochemistry. Date: August 27, 2012. Time: 10:45 a.m. to 12:15 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... Conference Call). Contact Person: Nuria E. Assa-Munt, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific...

  13. 76 FR 44942 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...: Sensation and Perception. Date: August 17-18, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: John Bishop, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific..., MD 20892 (Telephone Conference Call) Contact Person: Samuel C. Edwards, PhD, Chief, Center for...

  14. 77 FR 16845 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Center: Mass Spectrometry Resource for Biology and Medicine. Date: April 1-3, 2012. Time: 8 p.m. to 12 p.m. Agenda: To... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  15. 77 FR 48527 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; PAR012-017: Shared Mass Spectrometry Instrumentation. Date: September 6-7, 2012. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 12 p.m. Agenda... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  16. 78 FR 40487 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Biomedical Technology Research Center: A Biomedical- Informatics Research Network for Big Data. Date: July 30-August 1, 2013. Time: 6:00 p.m. to 1:00... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Gene Therapy Member Conflicts. Date: July 30, 2013. Time: 3:00 p.m...

  17. 76 FR 63314 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, PAR-10-235: Climate Change and Health. Date: November 8... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... grant applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892...

  18. 76 FR 5182 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, PAR-10-235: Climate Change and Health. Date: March 1... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...: Cancer Health Disparities and Diversity in Basic Cancer Research. Date: March 1, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5...

  19. 78 FR 29144 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-17

    ... Committee: Healthcare Delivery and Methodologies Integrated Review Group Biostatistical Methods and Research... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review..., 4300 Military Road NW., Washington, DC 20015. Contact Person: Katherine M Malinda, Ph.D., Scientific...

  20. 78 FR 14099 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ..., (301) 435-1165, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Biopsychosocial Issues in Patient Management. Date: March 22, 2013. Time: 3:00 p..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435-2365, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review...

  1. 76 FR 12980 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435-1022, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific...

  2. 75 FR 7486 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... Business: Cell Biology and Molecular Imaging. Date: March 11, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Developmental Biology and Aging. Date: March 2-3... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Cancer...

  3. 78 FR 11896 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Cell, Computational, and Molecular Biology. Date... Research in Diabetes, Obesity and Endocrinology Disorders. Date: March 13, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Diabetes, Metabolism and Obesity. Date: March 13...

  4. 78 FR 15373 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ....S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meeting. The meeting will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National...

  5. 76 FR 36931 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of...

  6. 77 FR 27468 - Center for Scientific Review, Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ..., (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Edwin C Clayton, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific...-408-9041, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group; Synthetic and Biological Chemistry B Study Section. Date: May 30-31, 2012. Time: 8...

  7. Compte rendu critique du livre Voir son steak comme un animal mort, de Martin Gibert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drolet, Marie-Josée

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This critical review provides, first, a step-by-step synthesis of the arguments presented in each chapter of Martin Gibert’s bookVoir son steak comme un animal mort (Seeing your steak as a dead animal. Second, a critical perspective of the book and a personal reflection are presented.

  8. Practical epistemology: the role of peer review in organizing scientific research

    OpenAIRE

    Alexei V. Shestopal; Vladimir I. Konnov

    2014-01-01

    The article considers peer review as the main procedure for demarcating scientific knowledge from other kinds thereof, which do not meet the criteria set for research results. The authors examine the history of peer review, which has first been used in early scientific journals and then has become one of the key approaches to distributing funds for research in science foundations, such as the U.S. National Science Foundation. The article also considers the role of peer review in the legal pro...

  9. Electronic Scientific Data & Literature Aggregation: A Review for Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losoff, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The advent of large-scale digital repositories, along with the need for sharing useful data world-wide, demands change to the current information structure. The merging of digital scientific data with scholarly literature has the potential to fulfill the Semantic Web design principles. This paper will identify factors leading to integration of…

  10. 77 FR 28397 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ...: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Somatosensory and Chemosensory....gov . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, AREA (R15...

  11. 75 FR 65020 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    .... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: The Ritz-Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW...: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: InterContinental Mark Hopkins Hotel, 999 California... Hotel, 999 Ninth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20001. Contact Person: Weijia Ni, PhD, Scientific Review...

  12. 75 FR 54638 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Selected Topics...: Immunology Integrated Review Group, Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section. Date: October 14-15, 2010... 20892. 301-594-6830. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group...

  13. 77 FR 27073 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Special Topic: Bioanalytical Chemistry. Date: June 6-7, 2012. Time... of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Immunity and Host Defense Study Section. Date: [email protected] . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group; Transplantation, Tolerance, and...

  14. 75 FR 73114 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Topics in Microbiology. Date: December 28-29, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to... Committee: Oncology 2--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group, Developmental Therapeutics Study....gov . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Acute...

  15. 75 FR 19982 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ...: Social Sciences and Population Studies. Date: May 7, 2010. Time: 1:30 p.m. to 3 p.m. Agenda: To review...--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group; Basic Mechanisms of Cancer Therapeutics Study Section. Date: May... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Immunology Mechanism. Date: May 27, 2010. Time: 9...

  16. 78 FR 109 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: January 31-February 1, 2013. Time: 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  17. 76 FR 24897 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ...: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group, Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: June 9-10... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Biophysics Integrated Review Group, Macromolecular Structure and Function A Study Section. Date: June 2, 2011...

  18. 77 FR 27470 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ...: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group; Nanotechnology Study Section. Date: June 7-8... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Risk, Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group; Risk...

  19. 77 FR 4049 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ...: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Urologic and Genitourinary Physiology and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Delivery Systems Study Section. Date: February 23-24, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  20. 78 FR 29373 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center For Scientific Review... Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Diseases and Pathophysiology of the Visual System Study Section. Date...

  1. 77 FR 55851 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Systems Development Study Section. Date: October 10-11, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  2. 77 FR 54583 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Integrated Review Group, Aging Systems and Geriatrics Study Section. Date: October 8, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 6...

  3. 78 FR 46358 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ..., (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Careen K Tang-Toth, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for... Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Cognition and Perception. Date: August 28-29, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6... Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Mark Lindner, Ph.D., Scientific...

  4. 78 FR 50144 - Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit... management, and nursing research. Applications are reviewed for scientific and technical merit, mission... Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that the Health Services Research and Development Service (HSR&D...

  5. 77 FR 21622 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will be held on April 20, 2012, 131 M Street NE., Washington, DC...

  6. 77 FR 42365 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that various subcommittees of the Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet on August 28-30, 2012, at the Boston Omni Parker...

  7. 75 FR 72872 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will be held on December 13-14, 2010, at the Hilton Alexandria Old...

  8. 78 FR 18680 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Scientific Merit Review... Service, and the Chief Research and Development Officer on the scientific and technical merit, the mission... Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service...

  9. 75 FR 31798 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... Beach and Executive Meeting Center, 701 West Ocean Boulevard, Long Beach, CA 90831. Contact Person...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, ARRA: Risk Prevention and Health Behavior Across the...

  10. 76 FR 42167 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... subcommittees of the Board will meet to evaluate merit review applications: August 9--Rehabilitation Engineering... Rehabilitation. August 16--Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics. August 16-17--Psychological... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...

  11. 78 FR 60293 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Stem Cell... Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306...

  12. 76 FR 34719 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ...: Westin Seattle Hotel, 1900 5th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101. Contact Person: Jose H Guerrier, PhD...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Respiratory Sciences. Date: July 14...

  13. 76 FR 43694 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts: Cystic Fibrosis, Lung Fibrosis, and Lung Innate Immunity Applications. Date: August 8, 2011. Time: 9 a.m...

  14. 77 FR 61614 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Brain...: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproduction. Date: November 8, 2012. Time: 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To...

  15. 78 FR 59362 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, RFA-MD-13-005: Revision Applications for Basic Social and Behavioral Research on the Social, Cultural, Biological and Psychological Mechanisms of Stigma. Date: October...

  16. 75 FR 80508 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... Panel, Member Conflicts: Cellular and Molecular Immunology. Date: January 7, 2011. Time: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m... of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Special Topic: Bioanalytical...

  17. 77 FR 66855 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Gene Discover...-HIV Diagnostics, Food Safety, Sterilization/Disinfection and Bioremediation. Date: November 15-16...

  18. 75 FR 4576 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Academic-Industry Partnership in Cancer Imaging.... Place: Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037. Contact Person: Fouad A. El...

  19. 75 FR 5602 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ..., and Social Implications of Human Genetics Study Section. Date: February 23, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 4... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Immune Mechanisms. Date...

  20. 75 FR 62551 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Social Sciences and Population Studies. Date... Conflict: Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Emotion, Stress and Health. Date: November 3, 2010. Time: 2 p.m. to 5...

  1. 75 FR 4094 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Child Development and Mechanisms of Stress. [[Page....306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research; 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93...

  2. 78 FR 35292 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Child and Adolescent....gov . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333...

  3. 78 FR 66371 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts: Child... . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical...

  4. 77 FR 51544 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel Member Conflict: Adult and Child Psychopathology and....gov . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333...

  5. 77 FR 61009 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project: Prenatal Stress and Child..., [email protected] . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine...

  6. 76 FR 22111 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ..., MD 20892. (Telephone Conference Call.) Contact Person: Lawrence Ka-Yun Ng, PhD, Scientific Review... Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: April 12, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory...

  7. 76 FR 63312 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ...: Lawrence E Boerboom, PhD, Chief, CVRS IRG, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health.... Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy. [FR Doc. 2011-26355 Filed 10-11...

  8. 76 FR 47218 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Lawrence Ka-Yun Ng, PhD, Scientific Review..., HHS) Dated: July 28, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy...

  9. 75 FR 3912 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ... (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Lawrence Baizer, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for... Health, HHS) Dated: January 15, 2010. Jennifer Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee...

  10. 78 FR 36553 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ...: Revision applications for research on assessing the role of Stigma in HIV prevention and care. Date: [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project...

  11. 78 FR 2679 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ...; Nuclear and Cytoplasmic Structure/Function and Dynamics Study Section. Date: February 11-12, 2013. Time: [email protected] Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; PAR Panel: Lipids...

  12. 78 FR 64224 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Physiology and Pathobiology of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems. Date... and Feasibility Clinical Research Studies in Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. Date: November 14, 2013...

  13. Scientific Strategies and practices in Latin American Scientific Communication Reviews. An approach to their structural features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Gustavo A. León Duarte

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The scientific production of the magazines here analyzed emphasizes the existence of a specializing and dominant perspective of study in the field of the Latin-American research in communication in the last years. This perspective of study has clearly two trends of practical boarding. A trend is the one that is debated in the research applied to the communication in means, where there exists the predominance of two particular lines of study and today probably turned into both principal slopes of study inside the Latin-American research of the communication. On the other hand, there is emphasized the research of the properly academic communication, where, in general lines, his idea of construction it develops from a particular perspective of study of the communication that no doubt is analogous to what they raise and demand separately and with different shades two of the principal institutional initiatives and collective academic that generate nowadays the Latin-American Thought of the Communication (PLC: The called Latin-American School of the Communication (ELACOM and the Researcher Latin-American Association of the Communication (ALAIC.

  14. A review of scientific papers about head and neck cancers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paoli, Severo de; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da; Paoli, Flavia de; Geller, Mauro [Centro Universitario Serra dos Orgaos, Teresopolis, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mail: severodepaoli@gmail.com; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio [Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), RJ (Brazil); Santos-Filho, Sebastiao David; Bernardo-Filho, Mario [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes. Dept. de Biofisica e Biometria

    2008-12-15

    Head and neck cancer is one of the 10 most frequent cancers worldwide, with an estimated 500000 new cases diagnosed annually. Treatment of head and neck cancers require a multidisciplinary approach due their complexity and the functional and esthetic alterations that cancer can cause. The interest of the scientific community in a specific subject can be evaluated by analyzing of the number and the quality of published papers on the topic. The information obtained from PubMed (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez) has been used as a tool in various publications to aid the evaluation of the scientific interest in specific research areas The aim of this work is to evaluate, using PubMed, the scientific interest in studies of head and neck cancer treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery. The searches were performed on PubMed for publications from the period of 1949 to 2008 using the search terms 'head and neck cancer' and 'surgery' or 'radiotherapy' or 'chemotherapy'. The number of publications per year was determined in each search. The percentage of publications was also calculated for each subject in each year. An interest factor in a subject (IFS) was also determined. The number of publications was higher for surgery than chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The calculated 1964 IFS for surgery was 14.79, 12.74 for radiotherapy, and 19.58 for chemotherapy. The 1995 IFS for surgery was 1.99, 2.09 for radiotherapy, and 2.08 for chemotherapy. The relation obtained for 1995 was maintained in the subsequent years. There are more publications related to surgical treatment for head and neck cancer when compared with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Moreover, in the recent years there has an increased interest in treatments utilizing chemotherapy, or this associated to radiotherapy. (author)

  15. A review of scientific papers about head and neck cancers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paoli, Severo de; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da; Paoli, Flavia de; Geller, Mauro; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio; Santos-Filho, Sebastiao David; Bernardo-Filho, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Head and neck cancer is one of the 10 most frequent cancers worldwide, with an estimated 500000 new cases diagnosed annually. Treatment of head and neck cancers require a multidisciplinary approach due their complexity and the functional and esthetic alterations that cancer can cause. The interest of the scientific community in a specific subject can be evaluated by analyzing of the number and the quality of published papers on the topic. The information obtained from PubMed (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez) has been used as a tool in various publications to aid the evaluation of the scientific interest in specific research areas The aim of this work is to evaluate, using PubMed, the scientific interest in studies of head and neck cancer treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery. The searches were performed on PubMed for publications from the period of 1949 to 2008 using the search terms 'head and neck cancer' and 'surgery' or 'radiotherapy' or 'chemotherapy'. The number of publications per year was determined in each search. The percentage of publications was also calculated for each subject in each year. An interest factor in a subject (IFS) was also determined. The number of publications was higher for surgery than chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The calculated 1964 IFS for surgery was 14.79, 12.74 for radiotherapy, and 19.58 for chemotherapy. The 1995 IFS for surgery was 1.99, 2.09 for radiotherapy, and 2.08 for chemotherapy. The relation obtained for 1995 was maintained in the subsequent years. There are more publications related to surgical treatment for head and neck cancer when compared with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Moreover, in the recent years there has an increased interest in treatments utilizing chemotherapy, or this associated to radiotherapy. (author)

  16. 75 FR 51082 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Conference Call). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  17. Searching the scientific literature: implications for quantitative and qualitative reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yelena P; Aylward, Brandon S; Roberts, Michael C; Evans, Spencer C

    2012-08-01

    Literature reviews are an essential step in the research process and are included in all empirical and review articles. Electronic databases are commonly used to gather this literature. However, several factors can affect the extent to which relevant articles are retrieved, influencing future research and conclusions drawn. The current project examined articles obtained by comparable search strategies in two electronic archives using an exemplar search to illustrate factors that authors should consider when designing their own search strategies. Specifically, literature searches were conducted in PsycINFO and PubMed targeting review articles on two exemplar disorders (bipolar disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) and issues of classification and/or differential diagnosis. Articles were coded for relevance and characteristics of article content. The two search engines yielded significantly different proportions of relevant articles overall and by disorder. Keywords differed across search engines for the relevant articles identified. Based on these results, it is recommended that when gathering literature for review papers, multiple search engines should be used, and search syntax and strategies be tailored to the unique capabilities of particular engines. For meta-analyses and systematic reviews, authors may consider reporting the extent to which different archives or sources yielded relevant articles for their particular review. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Improving Scientific Writing in Undergraduate Geosciences Degrees Through Peer Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, E. A.; Collins, G. S.; Craig, L.

    2016-12-01

    In the British educational system, students specialise early. Often geoscience undergraduates have not taken a class that requires extended writing since they were sixteen years old. This can make it difficult for students to develop the written skills necessary for a geoscience degree, which often has assessments in the form of essays and reports. To improve both the writing and editing skills of our undergraduates we have introduced a peer review system, in which seniors review the work of first year students. At Imperial College London we set written coursework in every year of the degree. Communication is taught and assessed in many courses. There are two major modules with substantial written components that bookend the undergraduate degree at Imperial; the freshmen all write an assessed essay, while all seniors take 'Science Communication', a course that aims to prepare them for a range of possible careers. In the 2015-16 academic year we linked these courses by introducing a modified form of peer marking and instruction. Seniors had to complete reviews of draft first year essays for credit in Science Communication. These reviews are completed for the department 'journal' and introduce the first and fourth years to the nature of peer review. Seniors learn how to critically, but kindly, evaluate the work of other students, and are also prepared for potentially submitting their senior theses to journals. Reviews were managed by volunteer seniors, who acted as associate editors. They allocated anonymous reviewers and wrote decision letters, which were sent to the freshmen before their final assessed essay submission. Ultimately the fourth year reviews were formally assessed and graded by members of staff, as were the revised and resubmitted first year essays. Feedback for both courses has improved since the introduction of student reviews of essays. The markers of the freshman essay have also commented on the improvement in the standard of the writing and a

  19. Assessing communication skills in dietetic consultations: the development of the reliable and valid DIET-COMMS tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehead, K A; Langley-Evans, S C; Tischler, V A; Swift, J A

    2014-04-01

    There is an increasing emphasis on the development of communication skills for dietitians but few evidence-based assessment tools available. The present study aimed to develop a dietetic-specific, short, reliable and valid assessment tool for measuring communication skills in patient consultations: DIET-COMMS. A literature review and feedback from 15 qualified dietitians were used to establish face and content validity during the development of DIET-COMMS. In total, 113 dietetic students and qualified dietitians were video-recorded undertaking mock consultations, assessed using DIET-COMMS by the lead author, and used to establish intra-rater reliability, as well as construct and predictive validity. Twenty recorded consultations were reassessed by nine qualified dietitians to assess inter-rater reliability: eight of these assessors were interviewed to determine user evaluation. Significant improvements in DIET-COMMS scores were achieved as students and qualified staff progressed through their training and gained experience, demonstrating construct validity, and also by qualified staff attending a training course, indicating predictive validity (P skills in practice was questioned. DIET-COMMS is a short, user-friendly, reliable and valid tool for measuring communication skills in patient consultations with both pre- and post-registration dietitians. Additional work is required to develop a training package for assessors and to identify how DIET-COMMS assessment can acceptably be incorporated into practice. © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  20. Vitamins for chronic disease prevention in adults: scientific review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairfield, Kathleen M; Fletcher, Robert H

    2002-06-19

    Although vitamin deficiency is encountered infrequently in developed countries, inadequate intake of several vitamins is associated with chronic disease. To review the clinically important vitamins with regard to their biological effects, food sources, deficiency syndromes, potential for toxicity, and relationship to chronic disease. We searched MEDLINE for English-language articles about vitamins in relation to chronic diseases and their references published from 1966 through January 11, 2002. We reviewed articles jointly for the most clinically important information, emphasizing randomized trials where available. Our review of 9 vitamins showed that elderly people, vegans, alcohol-dependent individuals, and patients with malabsorption are at higher risk of inadequate intake or absorption of several vitamins. Excessive doses of vitamin A during early pregnancy and fat-soluble vitamins taken anytime may result in adverse outcomes. Inadequate folate status is associated with neural tube defect and some cancers. Folate and vitamins B(6) and B(12) are required for homocysteine metabolism and are associated with coronary heart disease risk. Vitamin E and lycopene may decrease the risk of prostate cancer. Vitamin D is associated with decreased occurrence of fractures when taken with calcium. Some groups of patients are at higher risk for vitamin deficiency and suboptimal vitamin status. Many physicians may be unaware of common food sources of vitamins or unsure which vitamins they should recommend for their patients. Vitamin excess is possible with supplementation, particularly for fat-soluble vitamins. Inadequate intake of several vitamins has been linked to chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, cancer, and osteoporosis

  1. Anticancer effects of Ganoderma lucidum: a review of scientific evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuen, John W M; Gohel, Mayur Danny I

    2005-01-01

    "Lingzhi" (Ganoderma lucidum), a popular medicinal mushroom, has been used in China for longevity and health promotion since ancient times. Investigations into the anticancer activity of lingzhi have been performed in both in vitro and in vivo studies, supporting its application for cancer treatment and prevention. The proposed anticancer activity of lingzhi has prompted its usage by cancer patients. It remains debatable as to whether lingzhi is a food supplement for health maintenance or actually a therapeutic "drug" for medical proposes. Thus far there has been no report of human trials using lingzhi as a direct anticancer agent, despite some evidence showing the usage of lingzhi as a potential supplement to cancer patients. Cellular immune responses and mitogenic reactivity of cancer patients have been enhanced by lingzhi, as reported in two randomized and one nonrandomized trials, and the quality of life of 65% of lung cancer patients improved in one study. The direct cytotoxic and anti-angiogenesis mechanisms of lingzhi have been established by in vitro studies; however, clinical studies should not be neglected to define the applicable dosage in vivo. At present, lingzhi is a health food supplement to support cancer patients, yet the evidence supporting the potential of direct in vivo anticancer effects should not be underestimated. Lingzhi or its products can be classified as an anticancer agent when current and more direct scientific evidence becomes available.

  2. Doing Peer Review and Receiving Feedback: Impact on Scientific Literacy and Writing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geithner, Christina A.; Pollastro, Alexandria N.

    2016-01-01

    Doing peer review has been effectively implemented to help students develop critical reading and writing skills; however, its application in Human Physiology programs is limited. The purpose of the present study was to determine the impact of peer review on Human Physiology majors' perceptions of their scientific literacy and writing skills.…

  3. 78 FR 61377 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel;PAR-13-007: Early-Stage Pharmacological Validation of... Conflict: Cognition and Perception. Date: October 31, 2013. Time: 12:30 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  4. 78 FR 50144 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... Review Board; Notice of Meetings The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under the Federal... Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on the dates indicated below: Subcommittee Date(s) Location Career Development Award Program.... August 6, 2013........ VHA National...

  5. 75 FR 8369 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; RFA-RM-09-007: Pilot-Scale Libraries for High Throughput Screening. Date: March 15, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications...

  6. 76 FR 2399 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Selected Topics in Transfusion Medicine. Date: February... Epidemiology Integrated Review Group, Cardiovascular and Sleep Epidemiology Study Section. Date: February [email protected] . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93...

  7. 78 FR 26376 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ...; Bioengineering of Neuroscience, Vision and Low Vision Technologies Study Section. Date: May 30-31, 2013. Time: 8... of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Vision...

  8. 78 FR 66018 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... Panel, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility. Date: December 2-3, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: AIDS and Related Research Integrated Review Group, AIDS-associated...

  9. 76 FR 3914 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ...: Tumor Biology and Therapy. Date: February 1-2, 2011. Time: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Biomedical Sensing, Measurement and Instrumentation... Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333...

  10. 77 FR 3478 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... evaluate grant applications. Place: Sheraton Delfina Santa Monica Hotel, 530 West Pico Boulevard, Santa... Review, National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 4132, MSC 7802, Bethesda, MD 20892...

  11. 78 FR 59040 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... review and evaluate grant applications. Place: St. Gregory Hotel, 2033 M Street, NW., Washington, DC..., National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 5218, MSC 7852, Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435- 1775...

  12. 75 FR 60763 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Healthcare Delivery and Methodologies Integrated Review Group, Biostatistical Methods and Research Design Study Section. Date: October 21, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda...

  13. 77 FR 61770 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer...: Multidisciplinary Studies of HIV/AIDS and Aging. Date: November 9, 2012. Time: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  14. 75 FR 64735 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Experimental Cancer Therapeutics... Conflict: HIV/AIDS. Date: November 16, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  15. 76 FR 66075 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...-1165, [email protected] . Name of Committee: AIDS and Related Research Integrated Review Group HIV...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer Biology and Signaling. Date: November 30...

  16. 75 FR 54893 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Selected Topics... . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group, Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section... 5132, MSC 7843, Bethesda, MD 20892. 301-594-6830. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Immunology...

  17. 75 FR 6044 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Topics in...: Immunology. Date: March 8-9, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  18. 78 FR 35943 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... Panel; Overflow: Molecular Innate and Adaptive Immunology. Date: July 9, 2013. Time: 11:00 a.m. to 1:00....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Topics in Bacterial....nih.gov . Name of Committee: AIDS and Related Research Integrated Review Group; AIDS Immunology and...

  19. 75 FR 51081 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ...: Pregnancy, Neonatology, and Nutrition. Date: September 7-8, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...

  20. 78 FR 1864 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group, Pregnancy and Neonatology Study Section. Date: February 5-6, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m...

  1. 75 FR 54159 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ...; Skeletal Biology Development and Disease Study Section. Date: September 27-28, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m... Review Group; Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section. Date: October 11... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Neurodegenerative Disorders. Date: October 11-12, 2010...

  2. 77 FR 53205 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-31

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict... Interpersonal Processes Study Section. Date: October 4-5, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  3. 75 FR 52764 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict..., Bethesda, MD 20892. (301) 435- 0684. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and....gov . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group...

  4. 77 FR 37422 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Diabetes and Obesity. Date: July 17, 2012. Time: 8... Motor Function. Date: July 18, 2012. Time: 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  5. 76 FR 72208 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... 20892, (301) 402-4411, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Studies in...

  6. 75 FR 9911 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... 20892. 301-435-1169. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee...-408-9164. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis...

  7. 77 FR 62246 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special..., 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 5208, MSC 7852, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1165, [email protected]csr.nih.gov...

  8. 76 FR 63315 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special... Rockledge Drive, Room 5110, MSC 7854, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1174, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of...

  9. 75 FR 11895 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    .... (301) 435- 1258. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict...

  10. 75 FR 56115 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name.... (301) 435- 1046. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis..., Bethesda, MD 20892. 301-435- 1052. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Biobehavioral and Behavioral...

  11. 75 FR 8370 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special..., Bethesda, MD 20892. 301-435-1159. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15...

  12. 77 FR 14533 - Center for Scientific Review: Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-408- 9971, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of...-435-1236, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis...

  13. 78 FR 61376 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ...-1215, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for...-435-1137, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis...

  14. 75 FR 9908 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ..., Room 4102, MSC 7814, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1786, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project...

  15. 76 FR 13421 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ..., Room 3136, MSC 7759, Bethesda, MD 20892. (301) 435-1258. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and.... [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Cancer...

  16. 76 FR 53479 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Cancer Biology and Genetics. Date....gov . Name of Committee: Cell Biology Integrated Review Group; Development--2 Study Section. Date... Emphasis Panel; Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience. Date: September 30, 2011. Time: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m...

  17. 78 FR 36201 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ..., Computational, and Molecular Biology. Date: July 11, 2013. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... Panel; Member Conflict: Cancer Biology. Date: July 17, 2013. Time: 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Agenda: To...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Molecular Neurogenetics and...

  18. 78 FR 64507 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Cell, Computational and Molecular Biology. Date: November 6, 2013. Time: 8...: Orthopedic and Skeletal Biology. Date: November 6-7, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Diabetes and Metabolism. Date: November 6...

  19. 78 FR 60296 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Review Group; Prokaryotic Cell and Molecular Biology Study Section. Date: October 25, 2013. Time: 8:00 a... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Eye Diseases 6. Date: October 25, 2013. Time: 9:00 a.m..., Dupont Circle, 1143 New Hampshire Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20037. Contact Person: James P. Harwood Ph.D...

  20. 75 FR 26262 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... evaluate grant applications. Place: Little America Hotel, 500 South Main Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84101....m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Little America Hotel, 500 South Main Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84101. Contact Person: Xiang-Ning Li, MD, PhD, Scientific Review Officer...

  1. 78 FR 3905 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Cell Biology. Date: February 15, 2013. Time: 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p...: Oncology 1--Basic Translational Integrated Review Group; Cancer Molecular Pathobiology Study Section. Date... of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Basic Biology of...

  2. 75 FR 1795 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... 20892. (301) 435-2477. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Cellular and Molecular Biology of the Kidney Study Section. Date...

  3. 77 FR 54580 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... 3108, MSC 7808, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435- 3562, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Kidney Molecular Biology and Genitourinary Organ...

  4. 78 FR 26378 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... 5184, MSC 7844, Bethesda, MD 20892 301-435- 1242, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Clinical, Integrative and Molecular...

  5. 75 FR 78716 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... 20892. (301) 451-1323. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group. Hepatobiliary Pathophysiology Study Section. Date: January 31-February 1...

  6. 78 FR 9064 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Panel; PAR Panel: Lymphatics in Health and Disease in the Digestive, Urinary, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Systems. Date: March 4-5, 2013. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  7. 78 FR 26644 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ...: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Xenobiotic and Nutrient Disposition and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  8. 78 FR 6125 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  9. 77 FR 2738 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Hepatobiliary Pathophysiology... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  10. 78 FR 28599 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Kidney Molecular Biology and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  11. 75 FR 54156 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Gastrointestinal Mucosal... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  12. 76 FR 24036 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ...: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Pathobiology of Kidney Disease Study... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Group, Somatosensory and Chemosensory Systems Study Section. Datea: June 7-8, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p...

  13. 78 FR 54258 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ... Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Clinical, Integrative and... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  14. 77 FR 511 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ...: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group, Clinical, Integrative and Molecular... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  15. 77 FR 52338 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 408-9512, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Clinical, Integrative and Molecular Gastroenterology Study...

  16. 77 FR 1699 - Center for Scientific Review: Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated Review Group; Gastrointestinal Mucosal... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review: Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  17. 78 FR 55268 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ...-2409, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems Integrated... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Review Group; Atherosclerosis and Inflammation of the Cardiovascular System Study Section. Date: October...

  18. Migration and gender in the mexican context: scientific literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Rebolledo Gámez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Female migration is a phenomenon with socioeducational considerations thar determine their analysis.The prensent article presents a literature review aims to analyze the aspect thar are discussed in relation to the issue of migration and gender in Mexico. Therefore, it has selected more than forty articles from magazines, discussion forums and books in the last decade hace collected reflexions and research on this reality. As a result of this review, it has taken three areas in the contributions published: Human Rights and policy migratory; female migration characteristics; and vulnerability and risk situation. Despite the thematic diversity, appear repeatedly ideas like the idiosyncasies of female migration, vulnerability and risk assumed by women in border transit and the violation of rights of women to political and institutional level.Received: 04/12/2013 / Accepted: 17/01/2014How to reference this articleRebolledo Gámez, T., Rodríguez Casado, M. R. (2014. Migraciones y género en el contexto mexicano: revisión de la literatura científica. Foro de Educación, 12(17, pp. 165-185. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/fde.2014.012.017.008

  19. IACUC evaluation and external scientific review. IACUC Overstepping its Bounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poston, Ted M.; Thrall, Karla D.; Penner, Jocelyn D.

    2010-08-30

    I was asked to submit a response to the Protocol Review forum for the journal LabAnimal by Dr. Jerald Silverman. This forum request views and opinions on issues that are faced by research animal welfare committees. The particular issue is: Dr. John Smith, a distinguished investigator at Great Eastern University, had spent his career searching for a treatment for hearing loss. After 20 years of research, he developed a drug that potentially could improve auditory function after damage to the inner ear. The drug was administered by injection into the middle ear with the use of a fine needle inserted through the eardrum. Smith submitted a protocol to the IACUC to conduct a small study on cats, proposing to treat one group of animals with the drug and another with saline, to determine if it prevented the changes in the anatomy of the inner ear that normally occur with aging.

  20. 78 FR 12071 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ...: Immunology. Date: March 13, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate [email protected] . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Special Topics: Topics in Bacterial Pathogenesis. Date: March 14-15, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  1. Practical epistemology: the role of peer review in organizing scientific research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexei V. Shestopal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers peer review as the main procedure for demarcating scientific knowledge from other kinds thereof, which do not meet the criteria set for research results. The authors examine the history of peer review, which has first been used in early scientific journals and then has become one of the key approaches to distributing funds for research in science foundations, such as the U.S. National Science Foundation. The article also considers the role of peer review in the legal process, wherein observance of this procedure can be seen as the main criteria, which separates scientific evidence from mere testimony. The description of the main elements of the peer review procedure is based on the "Statement of principles for scientific merit review" the summary of the results of the Global Summit on Merit Review, which brought together heads of science funding organizations from more than 50 countries. The Statement listed the following principles: expert assessment, transparency, impartiality, appropriateness, confidentiality, integrity and ethical considerations. Although these principles are seen as a way to guarantee efficient peer review one has to consider the peculiarities of a particular research area, first of all the differences between social and natural sciences. Accordingly the article gives an overview of key traits of peer review in the social sciences and humanities. The authors also consider the main procedural elements - preparation of individual reviews, consideration by panels, anonymity of reviewers. Finally the article addresses the problems of peer review such as non-transparent process, elitism in selecting reviewers, conservativeness of decisions, and possible ways of handling these problems.

  2. 77 FR 33476 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Hematology. Date: June 25-26, 2012. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant..., Drug Use, Food Insecurity. Date: June 26, 2012. Time: 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  3. The visibility of scientific misconduct: A review of the literature on retracted journal articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesselmann, Felicitas; Graf, Verena; Schmidt, Marion; Reinhart, Martin

    2017-10-01

    Retractions of scientific articles are becoming the most relevant institution for making sense of scientific misconduct. An increasing number of retracted articles, mainly attributed to misconduct, is currently providing a new empirical basis for research about scientific misconduct. This article reviews the relevant research literature from an interdisciplinary context. Furthermore, the results from these studies are contextualized sociologically by asking how scientific misconduct is made visible through retractions. This study treats retractions as an emerging institution that renders scientific misconduct visible, thus, following up on the sociology of deviance and its focus on visibility. The article shows that retractions, by highlighting individual cases of misconduct and general policies for preventing misconduct while obscuring the actors and processes through which retractions are effected, produce highly fragmented patterns of visibility. These patterns resemble the bifurcation in current justice systems.

  4. INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC REVIEW TO A PLURALITY OF MODERN SCIENCE: NEED OR FICTION?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Mukha

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The current situation of plurality epistemological provokes distinct lack of clear criteria for scientific criticism humanities texts. This research raises the question of verification procedure for knowledge obtained humanities, its status and importance. Changes relate to the modern paradigm of scientific methodology in general, which involves switching from a focus on results orientation to the process of getting the truth (W.V.O. Quine, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, Imre Lakatos, etc.. To determine the relationships with the text as a carrier of the alleged truth reception is off ered three formats of relations: Text – Author, Text – Reader and Text – Reviewer. The article stresses questions of general and specific objectives for the scientifi c peer review, as well as the problem of plagiarism and its ethical and legal consequences. It is proposed to consider plan algorithm scientific review of the 26 criteria for it, which will help to streamline Institute of scientific criticism. Recent cover content requirements (which include: the incorporation of a scientific context, the definition of methodological systems, structured research, avoiding plagiarism, there is a real «increase of knowledge» and applied significance, etc. and technical design, the variable respectively specifi c edition. Compliance with a number of requirements set out will help improve the effi ciency and profitability of the humanities.

  5. 77 FR 67015 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...: Mitosis and Meiosis. Date: November 27-28, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  6. 76 FR 72208 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...: Mitosis and Meiosis. Date: December 13-14, 2011. Time: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate...

  7. 78 FR 9706 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ...: Tools for Zebrafish Research. Date: March 5-6, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Lipid Metabolism and....333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93.844, 93.846-93.878, 93.892...

  8. 78 FR 64512 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Biology. Date: November 19, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... Research in Diabetes, Obesity and Endocrine Disorders. Date: November 19, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Molecular Neuroscience. Date: November 19, 2013. Time: 1:00 p.m. to...

  9. 77 FR 32652 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... Molecular Genetics A Study Section. Date: June 25, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel Skeletal Muscle Biology... Research in Diabetes, Obesity and Endocrine Disorders. Date: June 27, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m...

  10. 77 FR 60706 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... Network Analysis and Health. Date: November 1, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and... Panel, Small Business: Sensory Technologies. Date: November 1-2, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Fellowships: Sensory and Motor...

  11. Peer Review Practices for Evaluating Biomedical Research Grants: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, Lucy; Freedman, Jane E; Becker, Lance B; Mehta, Nehal N; Liscum, Laura

    2017-08-04

    The biomedical research enterprise depends on the fair and objective peer review of research grants, leading to the distribution of resources through efficient and robust competitive methods. In the United States, federal funding agencies and foundations collectively distribute billions of dollars annually to support biomedical research. For the American Heart Association, a Peer Review Subcommittee is charged with establishing the highest standards for peer review. This scientific statement reviews the current literature on peer review practices, describes the current American Heart Association peer review process and those of other agencies, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of American Heart Association peer review practices, and recommends best practices for the future. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  12. A Review of NASA Human Research Program's Scientific Merit Processes: Letter Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawelczyk, James A. (Editor); Strawbridge, Larisa M. (Editor); Schultz, Andrea M. (Editor); Liverman, Catharyn T. (Editor)

    2012-01-01

    At the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened the Committee on the Review of NASA Human Research Program's (HRP's) Scientific Merit Assessment Processes in December 2011. The committee was asked to evaluate the scientific merit assessment processes that are applied to directed research tasks2 funded through the HRP and to determine best practices from similar assessment processes that are used in other federal agencies. This letter report and its recommendations are the product of a 10-member ad hoc committee, which included individuals who had previously conducted research under the HRP, were familiar with the HRP s research portfolio and operations, had specific knowledge of peer review processes, or were familiar with scientific merit assessment processes used in other organizations and federal agencies, such as the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR); National Institutes of Health (NIH); National Science Foundation (NSF); and U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Defense (DOD), and Transportation.

  13. A review of scientific topics and literature in abdominal radiology in Germany. Pt. 1. Gastrointestinal tract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schreyer, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    The working group for abdominal and gastrointestinal diagnosis is a group of the German Radiological Society (DRG) focusing clinically and scientifically on the diagnosis and treatment of the gastrointestinal tract with all parenchymatous abdominal organs. In addition to the clinical and scientific further development of abdominal radiology, the education of radiologists within this core discipline of radiology is one of the major aims. In this article we give an up-to-date literature review of scientific radiological topics especially covered by German radiologists. This manuscript focuses on the most recent literature on the diagnosis of the stomach, small bowel, colon and rectum. The review with a focus on the most recent studies published by German radiologists concludes with a synopsis of mesenterial bleeding and ischemia followed by a critical appraisal of the current literature on conventional abdominal radiography.

  14. Brief review of topmost scientific results obtained in 2016 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kravchenko, E.I.; Sabaeva, E.V.

    2017-01-01

    This brief review presents the topmost scientific results obtained in 2016 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in such fields as theoretical and experimental physics, radiation and radiobiological research, accelerators, information technology and computer physics. It also provides information about the publications by JINR staff members and activities carried out at the JINR University Centre in 2016. [ru

  15. 77 FR 26300 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ..., (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Patricia Greenwel, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for..., (301) 806-0009, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences...: Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control. Date: June 5, 2012. Time: 12:30 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda...

  16. 77 FR 9672 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ...: Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Bioengineering. Date: March 9-14, 2012. Time: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m... Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892. Contact Person: Alexander Gubin, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for... Santa Monica Hotel, 530 West Pico Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA 90405. Contact Person: Jose H Guerrier, Ph...

  17. 76 FR 10910 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; RFA-HD-11-101: Sleep and Social Environment... Emphasis Panel; RFA-HD-11-102: Sleep and Social Environment: Basic Biopsychosocial Processes (R21). Date... . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical...

  18. 77 FR 30540 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ...; PAR Panel: Selected Topics in Transfusion Medicine. Date: June 12-13, 2012. Time: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Collaborative Applications: Sleep and Mood Disorders... Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396...

  19. 78 FR 31951 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Genes, Genomes and Genetics. Date: June 24, 2013. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Program Project...; Small Business: Education, Psychology, and Biology in Health Behavior. Date: June 24-25, 2013. Time: 8...

  20. 77 FR 56661 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Group; Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section. Date: October 4-5, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m... Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Neurodevelopment, Plasticity, and Regeneration. Date: October 9, 2012... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Muscle and...

  1. 77 FR 63847 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Emphasis Panel; PAR-10-235: Climate Change and Health. Date: November 8, 2012. Time: 11:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, (Virtual Meeting...

  2. 78 FR 70567 - Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 3091, Bethesda, MD, 20892 which was published in the Federal Register on September 18, 2013, 78 FR 57399. The meeting will be held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, 5151...

  3. 76 FR 4113 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... antagonist activity. These studies were funded primarily by a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant... Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation Test Method for Endocrine Disruptor Chemical... Toxicological Methods (NICEATM); Announcement of an Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In...

  4. 75 FR 32955 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... evaluate grant applications. Place: Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037... grant applications. Place: Ritz-Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW., Boardroom, Washington, DC 20037... Hotel, 701 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611. Contact Person: Biao Tian, PhD, Scientific Review...

  5. 75 FR 54156 - Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting Notice is hereby given of a change in the meeting of the Language and Communication Study Section, October 4, 2010, 8 a.m. to October 5, 2010, 5 p.m., Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd...

  6. Brief review of topmost scientific results obtained in 2015 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sabaeva, E.V.; Krupko, E.I.

    2016-01-01

    This brief review presents the topmost scientific results obtained in 2015 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in such fields as theoretical and experimental physics, radiation and radiobiological research, accelerators, information technology and computer physics. It also provides information about the publications by JINR staff members, awards given to JINR scientists, and activities carried out at the JINR University Centre in 2015. [ru

  7. 75 FR 6674 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Topics in Cancer Research. Date... Social Consequences of HIV/AIDS Study Section. Date: March 15-16, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To...

  8. 77 FR 63845 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... individuals associated with the grant applications, the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly...; Behavioral and Social Science Approaches to Preventing HIV/ AIDS Study Section. Date: November 8-9, 2012... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Cancer Diagnostics and...

  9. 75 FR 8371 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: AIDS/HIV... Special Emphasis Panel, Small Business: Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis. Date: March 24-25, 2010. Time: 10...

  10. Doing peer review and receiving feedback: impact on scientific literacy and writing skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geithner, Christina A; Pollastro, Alexandria N

    2016-03-01

    Doing peer review has been effectively implemented to help students develop critical reading and writing skills; however, its application in Human Physiology programs is limited. The purpose of the present study was to determine the impact of peer review on Human Physiology majors' perceptions of their scientific literacy and writing skills. Students enrolled in the Scientific Writing course completed multiple writing assignments, including three revisions after receiving peer and instructor feedback. Students self-assessed their knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to science and writing in pre- and postcourse surveys (n = 26 with complete data). Seven survey items related to scientific literacy and writing skills impacted by peer review were selected for analysis. Scores on these survey items were summed to form a composite self-rating score. Responses to two questions regarding the most useful learning activities were submitted to frequency analysis. Mean postcourse scores for individual survey items and composite self-rating scores were significantly higher than precourse means (P writing skills. In conclusion, peer review is an effective teaching/learning approach for improving undergraduate Human Physiology majors' knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding science and scientific writing. Copyright © 2016 The American Physiological Society.

  11. 76 FR 78934 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel Member Conflict: Topics in Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Date....333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93.844, 93.846-93.878, 93.892...

  12. 77 FR 52751 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ..., Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93.844, 93.846... for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel Oral Microbiology and Restorative Dentistry. Date...

  13. 75 FR 29354 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    ... Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Neurodevices, Neuroimaging and Neurological Disorders. Date: June... Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section. Date: June 17-18, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5...: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; PAR08-024: Roadmap HTS Assay Development. Date: June...

  14. 78 FR 17219 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1166, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Biopsychosocial Issues in Patient Management. Date: April 10... 20892, 301-435-1719, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306...

  15. 77 FR 8330 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... Disorders; HCR 2--Substance Use Disorders; HCR 3--Rehabilitation/Rural; HCR 4--Women's Health; HCR 5--Pain... Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet on March 6-8, 2012, at the Hilton New Orleans... to the Chief Research and Development Officer. On March 6, the subcommittee on Nursing Research...

  16. 75 FR 19408 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-14

    [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Healthcare Delivery and Methodologies, Community-Level Health...-1503, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435- 2406, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Oncology 2--Translational...

  17. 76 FR 62082 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel, AREA applications in Child and Adult..., Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93.844, 93.846...

  18. 78 FR 3904 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict... Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Drug Discovery for the Nervous System. Date: February 8, 2013. Time: 1:00... 20892, 301-254-9975, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive...

  19. 78 FR 35292 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ...: Functional Epigenomics: Developing Tools and Technologies for Manipulation of the Epigenome (R01). Date: July... Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Genome Integrity and Tumor Progression. Date: July 11, 2013. Time....gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict...

  20. How do I peer-review a scientific article?-a personal perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippi, Giuseppe

    2018-02-01

    Peer-review is an essential activity for the vast majority of credited scientific journals and represents the cornerstone for assessing the quality of potential publications, since it is substantially aimed to identify drawbacks or inaccuracies that may flaw the outcome or the presentation of scientific research. Since the importance of this activity is seldom underestimated by some referees, the purpose of this article is to present a personal and arbitrary perspective on how a scientific article should be peer-reviewed, offering a tentative checklist aimed to describe the most important criteria that should be considered. These basically include accepting the assignment only when the topic is in accordance with referee's background, disclosing potential conflicts of interest, checking availability and time according to size and complexity of the article, identifying the innovative value of the manuscript, providing exhaustive and clear comments, expressing disagreement with a fair and balanced approach, weighting revisions according to the importance of the journal, summarizing recommendations according to previous comments, maintaining confidentiality throughout and after the peer-review process. I really hope that some notions reported in this dissertation may be a guide or a help, especially for young scientists, who are willing to be engaged in peer-review activity for scientific journals.

  1. How do I peer-review a scientific article?—a personal perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-01

    Peer-review is an essential activity for the vast majority of credited scientific journals and represents the cornerstone for assessing the quality of potential publications, since it is substantially aimed to identify drawbacks or inaccuracies that may flaw the outcome or the presentation of scientific research. Since the importance of this activity is seldom underestimated by some referees, the purpose of this article is to present a personal and arbitrary perspective on how a scientific article should be peer-reviewed, offering a tentative checklist aimed to describe the most important criteria that should be considered. These basically include accepting the assignment only when the topic is in accordance with referee’s background, disclosing potential conflicts of interest, checking availability and time according to size and complexity of the article, identifying the innovative value of the manuscript, providing exhaustive and clear comments, expressing disagreement with a fair and balanced approach, weighting revisions according to the importance of the journal, summarizing recommendations according to previous comments, maintaining confidentiality throughout and after the peer-review process. I really hope that some notions reported in this dissertation may be a guide or a help, especially for young scientists, who are willing to be engaged in peer-review activity for scientific journals. PMID:29610756

  2. 78 FR 65344 - Center for Scientific Review Amended Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review Amended Notice of Meeting Notice is hereby given of a change in the meeting of the Molecular Neuropharmacology and Signaling Study Section, October 7, 2013, 8:00 a.m. to October 8, 2013, 12:00 p.m., The Dupont...

  3. 75 FR 2878 - Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting Notice is hereby given of a change in the meeting of the Molecular Neuropharmacology and Signaling Study Section, February 4, 2010, 8 a.m. to February 5, 2010, 5 p.m., Hotel Monaco...

  4. 77 FR 65004 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ..., [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific..., 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 6210, MSC 7804, Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435- 1211, [email protected]csr.nih.gov...

  5. 76 FR 14036 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ..., [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific... 7852, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1166, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for...

  6. 75 FR 75484 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    .... [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific..., Room 4205, MSC 7814, Bethesda, MD 20892. 301-435- 1501. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being...

  7. 75 FR 57965 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... Rockledge Drive, Room 1102, MSC 7760, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435-1747, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by... 20892, 301-435- 1211, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special...

  8. 75 FR 3240 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by... 20892, 301-254-9975, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special..., Room 6164, MSC 7892, Bethesda, MD 20892, (301) 435- 1041, [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee...

  9. 75 FR 48977 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    .... [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific..., Room 5181, MSC 7844, Bethesda, MD 20892. 301-435- 1033. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee: Center...

  10. 76 FR 22716 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    .... [email protected]csr.nih.gov . This notice is being published less than 15 days prior to the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee: Center for Scientific..., Room 6170, MSC 7892, Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435- 4514. [email protected]csr.nih.gov . Name of Committee...

  11. 77 FR 64118 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Cell Biology, Developmental Biology, and Bioengineering. Date: November 15, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To... Emphasis Panel; PAR-12-140: Role of the Microflora in the Etiology of Gastro- Intestinal Cancer. Date...

  12. 77 FR 35987 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... . Name of Committee: Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowship: Cell Biology and... Opportunistic Infections and Cancer Study Section. Date: July 10, 2012. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To... Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Oral Biology and Craniofacial Development. Date: July 10, 2012. Time: 1:00...

  13. 77 FR 45366 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ....S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meeting. The meeting will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review...

  14. 77 FR 28889 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Panel; RFA Panel: System Science and Health in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Date: June 6-7, 2012... Special Emphasis Panel; Pilot and Feasibility Clinical Research Studies in Digestive Diseases and...

  15. 76 FR 370 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review...; Somatosensory and Chemosensory Systems Study Section. Date: February 1-2, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda... Special Emphasis Panel; Pilot and Feasibility Studies in Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. Date: February...

  16. 78 FR 32260 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ..., (301) 827-6390, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  17. 78 FR 64510 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Digestive, Urinary, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Systems. Date: November 13, 2013. Time: 12:00 p.m. to 2:30... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  18. 76 FR 1442 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ...-451- 8504. [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  19. 78 FR 57866 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ..., 301- 237-1487, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as [[Page...

  20. 76 FR 28441 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Research Studies in Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. Date: June 28, 2011. Time: 1 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. Agenda... Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Visual Systems. Date: June 30-July 1, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 11 a.m...

  1. 78 FR 25754 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... in the Digestive, Urinary, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Systems. Date: May 29-30, 2013. Time: 10:00 a... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review... Panel; PAR 12-138: NHLBI Systems Biology. Date: May 28-29, 2013. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Agenda...

  2. 77 FR 56855 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... 20892, 301-806-2515, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings Pursuant to section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5...

  3. 77 FR 296 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ..., (301) 435- 1153, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Digestive, Kidney and Urological Systems... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review..., Modeling and Analysis of Biological Systems Study Section. Date: February 8-9, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m...

  4. 75 FR 31797 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel; Member Conflict: Addiction, Mental Health and Auditory Processes... Emphasis Panel; PAR-10-018: Accelerating the Pace of Drug Abuse Research Using Existing Epidemiology... Panel; Small Business: Healthcare Delivery and Methodologies. Date: June 24-25, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5...

  5. Consortium for Algal Biofuel Commercialization (CAB-COMM) Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayfield, Stephen P. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)

    2015-12-04

    The Consortium for Algal Biofuel Commercialization (CAB-Comm) was established in 2010 to conduct research to enable commercial viability of alternative liquid fuels produced from algal biomass. The main objective of CAB-Comm was to dramatically improve the viability of algae as a source of liquid fuels to meet US energy needs, by addressing several significant barriers to economic viability. To achieve this goal, CAB-Comm took a diverse set of approaches on three key aspects of the algal biofuels value chain: crop protection; nutrient utilization and recycling; and the development of genetic tools. These projects have been undertaken as collaboration between six academic institutions and two industrial partners: University of California, San Diego; Scripps Institution of Oceanography; University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Rutgers University; University of California, Davis; Johns Hopkins University; Sapphire Energy; and Life Technologies.

  6. An Accurate and Impartial Expert Assignment Method for Scientific Project Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingliang Yue

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper proposes an expert assignment method for scientific project review that considers both accuracy and impartiality. As impartial and accurate peer review is extremely important to ensure the quality and feasibility of scientific projects, enhanced methods for managing the process are needed. Design/methodology/approach: To ensure both accuracy and impartiality, we design four criteria, the reviewers’ fitness degree, research intensity, academic association, and potential conflict of interest, to express the characteristics of an appropriate peer review expert. We first formalize the expert assignment problem as an optimization problem based on the designed criteria, and then propose a randomized algorithm to solve the expert assignment problem of identifying reviewer adequacy. Findings: Simulation results show that the proposed method is quite accurate and impartial during expert assignment. Research limitations: Although the criteria used in this paper can properly show the characteristics of a good and appropriate peer review expert, more criteria/conditions can be included in the proposed scheme to further enhance accuracy and impartiality of the expert assignment. Practical implications: The proposed method can help project funding agencies (e.g. the National Natural Science Foundation of China find better experts for project peer review. Originality/value: To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first publication that proposes an algorithm that applies an impartial approach to the project review expert assignment process. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  7. Submission of scientifically sound and ethical manuscripts to peer-reviewed journals - a reviewer's personal perspective on bioanalytical publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Naidong

    2012-11-01

    In the pharmaceutical industry, bioanalysis is very dynamic and is probably one of the few fields of research covering the entire drug discovery, development and post-marketing process. Important decisions on drug safety can partially rely on bioanalytical data, which therefore can be subject to regulatory scrutiny. Bioanalytical scientists have historically contributed significant numbers of scientific manuscripts in many peer-reviewed analytical journals. All of these journals provide some high-level instructions, but they also leave sufficient flexibility for reviewers to perform independent critique and offer recommendations for each submitted manuscript. Reviewers play a pivotal role in the process of bioanalytical publication to ensure the publication of high-quality manuscripts in a timely fashion. Their efforts usually lead to improved manuscripts. However, it has to be a joint effort among authors, reviewers and editors to promote scientifically sound and ethically fair bioanalytical publications. Most of the submitted manuscripts were well written with only minor or moderate revisions required for further improvement. Nevertheless, there were small numbers of submitted manuscripts that did not meet the requirements for publications because of scientific or ethical deficiencies, which are discussed in this Letter to the Editor. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Predatory and fake scientific journals/publishers: A global outbreak with rising trend: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukić Tin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent times some publishers are intensively exploiting the model of open access publishing. During the last several years, studies have shown that there was a substantial increase in the number of fake publishers and hijacked journals. These cyber criminals make money by stealing the identities of legitimate journals and collecting the article processing charges on the papers that are submitted. This is all accomplished by a well developed framework that includes web development steps, intensive e-mail marketing and victim selections. This review article strives to recommend that the Beall's list of predatory publishers and journals should be consulted every time when an author plans to submit scientific work to some of the journals that are indexed by Thomson Reuters/Institute for Scientific Information-ISI and covered by the Journal Citation Report. Also, the authors are advised to be 'up to date' with new information regarding this controversial topic by informing themselves through various web-sites and specialized scientific portals. The review paper itself strives to summarize the most recent investigations on predatory and spurious journals/publishers which affect the entire scientific community, thus representing an outbreak with rising trend not only on national and regional level, but on global level as well.

  9. Realism without truth: a review of Giere's science without laws and scientific perspectivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackenberg, Timothy D

    2009-05-01

    An increasingly popular view among philosophers of science is that of science as action-as the collective activity of scientists working in socially-coordinated communities. Scientists are seen not as dispassionate pursuers of Truth, but as active participants in a social enterprise, and science is viewed on a continuum with other human activities. When taken to an extreme, the science-as-social-process view can be taken to imply that science is no different from any other human activity, and therefore can make no privileged claims about its knowledge of the world. Such extreme views are normally contrasted with equally extreme views of classical science, as uncovering Universal Truth. In Science Without Laws and Scientific Perspectivism, Giere outlines an approach to understanding science that finds a middle ground between these extremes. He acknowledges that science occurs in a social and historical context, and that scientific models are constructions designed and created to serve human ends. At the same time, however, scientific models correspond to parts of the world in ways that can legitimately be termed objective. Giere's position, perspectival realism, shares important common ground with Skinner's writings on science, some of which are explored in this review. Perhaps most fundamentally, Giere shares with Skinner the view that science itself is amenable to scientific inquiry: scientific principles can and should be brought to bear on the process of science. The two approaches offer different but complementary perspectives on the nature of science, both of which are needed in a comprehensive understanding of science.

  10. Advanced Scientific Computing Research Network Requirements: ASCR Network Requirements Review Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bacon, Charles [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Bell, Greg [ESnet, Berkeley, CA (United States); Canon, Shane [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Dart, Eli [ESnet, Berkeley, CA (United States); Dattoria, Vince [Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Office of Science. Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); Goodwin, Dave [Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Office of Science. Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); Lee, Jason [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Hicks, Susan [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Holohan, Ed [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Klasky, Scott [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lauzon, Carolyn [Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Office of Science. Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); Rogers, Jim [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shipman, Galen [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Skinner, David [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tierney, Brian [ESnet, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2013-03-08

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In October 2012, ESnet and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the ASCR program office. The requirements identified at the review are summarized in the Findings section, and are described in more detail in the body of the report.

  11. Brazilian scientific publications of obstetrical nurses on home delivery: systematic literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Feyer, Iara Simoni Silveira; Monticelli, Marisa; Volkmer, Cilene; Burigo, Renata Angeloni

    2013-01-01

    This review study of national journals aimed at characterizing the scientific production of Brazilian nurses regarding home delivery and identifying the results achieved. A total of 27 studies were found, of which ten studies complied with the inclusion criteria, with eight constituting the analytical corpus in accordance with the Critical Appraisal Skills Program. Data were synthesized using the meta-ethnographic approach, following the interpretation of the reciprocal translation. Three cat...

  12. A review of the scientific rationale and methods used in the search for other planetary systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, D. C.

    1985-01-01

    Planetary systems appear to be one of the crucial links in the chain leading from simple molecules to living systems, particularly complex (intelligent?) living systems. Although there is currently no observational proof of the existence of any planetary system other than our own, techniques are now being developed which will permit a comprehensive search for other planetary systems. The scientific rationale for and methods used in such a search effort are reviewed here.

  13. Brief review of topmost scientific results obtained in 2013 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sabaeva, E.V.; Kravchenko, E.I.

    2014-01-01

    This brief review presents the topmost scientific results obtained in 2013 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in such areas as theoretical physics, experimental physics, radiation and radiobiological research, accelerators, information technology and computer physics. It also provides information on the number of publications by JINR staff members, awards given to JINR scientists, and activities carried out at the JINR University Centre in 2013.

  14. Brief review of topmost scientific results obtained in 2014 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bulatova, V.V.; Sabaeva, E.V.

    2015-01-01

    This brief review presents the topmost scientific results obtained in 2014 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in such fields as theoretical and experimental physics, radiation and radiobiological research, accelerators, information technology and computer physics. It also provides information about the publications by JINR staff members, patents for inventions, awards given to JINR scientists, and activities carried out at the JINR University Centre in 2014. [ru

  15. 78 FR 27243 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review...

  16. DOE Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) Report: Exascale Computing Initiative Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Daniel [University of Iowa; Berzins, Martin [University of Utah; Pennington, Robert; Sarkar, Vivek [Rice University; Taylor, Valerie [Texas A& M University

    2015-08-01

    On November 19, 2014, the Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) was charged with reviewing the Department of Energy’s conceptual design for the Exascale Computing Initiative (ECI). In particular, this included assessing whether there are significant gaps in the ECI plan or areas that need to be given priority or extra management attention. Given the breadth and depth of previous reviews of the technical challenges inherent in exascale system design and deployment, the subcommittee focused its assessment on organizational and management issues, considering technical issues only as they informed organizational or management priorities and structures. This report presents the observations and recommendations of the subcommittee.

  17. Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop, Volume 91, RBRC Scientific Review Committee Meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samios,N.P.

    2008-11-17

    The ninth evaluation of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC) took place on Nov. 17-18, 2008, at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The members of the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) were Dr. Dr. Wit Busza (Chair), Dr. Miklos Gyulassy, Dr. Akira Masaike, Dr. Richard Milner, Dr. Alfred Mueller, and Dr. Akira Ukawa. We are pleased that Dr. Yasushige Yano, the Director of the Nishina Institute of RIKEN, Japan participated in this meeting both in informing the committee of the activities of the Nishina Institute and the role of RBRC and as an observer of this review. In order to illustrate the breadth and scope of the RBRC program, each member of the Center made a presentation on his/her research efforts. This encompassed three major areas of investigation, theoretical, experimental and computational physics. In addition the committee met privately with the fellows and postdocs to ascertain their opinions and concerns. Although the main purpose of this review is a report to RIKEN Management (Dr. Ryoji Noyori, RIKEN President) on the health, scientific value, management and future prospects of the Center, the RBRC management felt that a compendium of the scientific presentations are of sufficient quality and interest that they warrant a wider distribution. Therefore we have made this compilation and present it to the community for its information and enlightenment.

  18. Open Peer Review in Scientific Publishing: A Web Mining Study of PeerJ Authors and Reviewers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peiling Wang

    2016-11-01

    area must identify the best policies and paths towards a transparent and open peer review process for scientific communication.

  19. Novel keyword co-occurrence network-based methods to foster systematic reviews of scientific literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radhakrishnan, Srinivasan; Erbis, Serkan; Isaacs, Jacqueline A; Kamarthi, Sagar

    2017-01-01

    Systematic reviews of scientific literature are important for mapping the existing state of research and highlighting further growth channels in a field of study, but systematic reviews are inherently tedious, time consuming, and manual in nature. In recent years, keyword co-occurrence networks (KCNs) are exploited for knowledge mapping. In a KCN, each keyword is represented as a node and each co-occurrence of a pair of words is represented as a link. The number of times that a pair of words co-occurs in multiple articles constitutes the weight of the link connecting the pair. The network constructed in this manner represents cumulative knowledge of a domain and helps to uncover meaningful knowledge components and insights based on the patterns and strength of links between keywords that appear in the literature. In this work, we propose a KCN-based approach that can be implemented prior to undertaking a systematic review to guide and accelerate the review process. The novelty of this method lies in the new metrics used for statistical analysis of a KCN that differ from those typically used for KCN analysis. The approach is demonstrated through its application to nano-related Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) risk literature. The KCN approach identified the knowledge components, knowledge structure, and research trends that match with those discovered through a traditional systematic review of the nanoEHS field. Because KCN-based analyses can be conducted more quickly to explore a vast amount of literature, this method can provide a knowledge map and insights prior to undertaking a rigorous traditional systematic review. This two-step approach can significantly reduce the effort and time required for a traditional systematic literature review. The proposed KCN-based pre-systematic review method is universal. It can be applied to any scientific field of study to prepare a knowledge map.

  20. A scoping review of competencies for scientific editors of biomedical journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galipeau, James; Barbour, Virginia; Baskin, Patricia; Bell-Syer, Sally; Cobey, Kelly; Cumpston, Miranda; Deeks, Jon; Garner, Paul; MacLehose, Harriet; Shamseer, Larissa; Straus, Sharon; Tugwell, Peter; Wager, Elizabeth; Winker, Margaret; Moher, David

    2016-02-02

    Biomedical journals are the main route for disseminating the results of health-related research. Despite this, their editors operate largely without formal training or certification. To our knowledge, no body of literature systematically identifying core competencies for scientific editors of biomedical journals exists. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a scoping review to determine what is known on the competency requirements for scientific editors of biomedical journals. We searched the MEDLINE®, Cochrane Library, Embase®, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases (from inception to November 2014) and conducted a grey literature search for research and non-research articles with competency-related statements (i.e. competencies, knowledge, skills, behaviors, and tasks) pertaining to the role of scientific editors of peer-reviewed health-related journals. We also conducted an environmental scan, searched the results of a previous environmental scan, and searched the websites of existing networks, major biomedical journal publishers, and organizations that offer resources for editors. A total of 225 full-text publications were included, 25 of which were research articles. We extracted a total of 1,566 statements possibly related to core competencies for scientific editors of biomedical journals from these publications. We then collated overlapping or duplicate statements which produced a list of 203 unique statements. Finally, we grouped these statements into seven emergent themes: (1) dealing with authors, (2) dealing with peer reviewers, (3) journal publishing, (4) journal promotion, (5) editing, (6) ethics and integrity, and (7) qualities and characteristics of editors. To our knowledge, this scoping review is the first attempt to systematically identify possible competencies of editors. Limitations are that (1) we may not have captured all aspects of a biomedical editor's work in our searches, (2) removing redundant and overlapping items may have led to the

  1. Antibiotic resistance in primary care in Austria - a systematic review of scientific and grey literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Kathryn; Wagner, Gernot; Apfalter, Petra; Maier, Manfred

    2011-11-28

    Antibiotic resistance is an increasing challenge for health care services worldwide. While up to 90% of antibiotics are being prescribed in the outpatient sector recommendations for the treatment of community-acquired infections are usually based on resistance findings from hospitalized patients. In context of the EU-project called "APRES - the appropriateness of prescribing antibiotic in primary health care in Europe with respect to antibiotic resistance" it was our aim to gain detailed information about the resistance data from Austria in both the scientific and the grey literature. A systematic review was performed including scientific and grey literature published between 2000 and 2010. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined and the review process followed published recommendations. Seventeen scientific articles and 23 grey literature documents could be found. In contrast to the grey literature, the scientific publications describe only a small part of the resistance situation in the primary health care sector in Austria. Merely half of these publications contain data from the ambulatory sector exclusively but these data are older than ten years, are very heterogeneous concerning the observed time period, the number and origin of the isolates and the kind of bacteria analysed. The grey literature yields more comprehensive and up-to-date information of the content of interest. These sources are available in German only and are not easily accessible. The resistance situation described in the grey literature can be summarized as rather stable over the last two years. For Escherichia coli e.g. the highest antibiotic resistance rates can be seen with fluorochiniolones (19%) and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (27%). Comprehensive and up-to-date antibiotic resistance data of different pathogens isolated from the community level in Austria are presented. They could be found mainly in the grey literature, only few are published in peer-reviewed journals. The grey

  2. ShopComm: Community-Supported Online Shopping for Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorkovenko, Katerina; Tigwell, Garreth W; Norrie, Christopher S; Waite, Miriam; Herron, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The United Kingdom has an ageing population whose members experience significant life transitions as they grow older, for example, losing mobility due to deteriorating health. For these adults, digital technology has the potential to sustain their independence and improve their quality of life. However older adults can be reluctant to use digital solutions. In this paper, we review a local charity providing a grocery shopping service for older adults who are unable to go themselves. We explore how older adults perceive the benefits and drawbacks of both physical and digital shopping. Using these insights, we designed ShopComm to enable and support older adults with mobility impairments to shop online.

  3. Analysis of scientific production archival science in brazil: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mauro Gouveia de Medeiros

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: review of the literature resulting from bibliographic survey about the scientific literature of archives in Brazil. Objective: to identify aspects of scientific literature of archival science, through bibliographical research, that aims to introduce the features of the archival science in Brazil. Methodology: Brazilian sites, databases and reference services were used as sources to identify 523 references. 15 texts were selected and analyzed with respect to authorship, affiliation, publication year, publication type, type and size of sources used, methodology, geographical range, results, among other aspects. Results: the scientific articles were the main object of study; the book was the most cited channel; the journal Arquivo & Administração and Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em Ciência da Informação have importance on the national scene; Rio de Janeiro is the geographic region with greater production; There has been growth in the number of works since the 2007 and increased collaboration. Conclusions: the interest in Archival Science literature is increasing significantly; there was diversification of the publishing channels, mainly works of events and articles since 2013; the Archival Science is consolidating in Brazil with an increasing production, collaboration and interest in its scientific literature.

  4. Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) as a superfood: Review of the scientific evidence behind the statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šamec, Dunja; Urlić, Branimir; Salopek-Sondi, Branka

    2018-03-20

    Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) is a cruciferous vegetable, characterized by leaves along the stem, which, in recent years, have gained a great popularity as a ´superfood´. Consequently, in a popular culture it is listed in many ´lists of the healthiest vegetables´. Without the doubt, a scientific evidences support the fact that cruciferous vegetables included in human diet can positively affect health and well-being, but remains unclear why kale is declared superior in comparison with other cruciferous. It is questionable if this statement about kale is triggered by scientific evidence or by some other factors. Our review aims to bring an overview of kale's botanical characteristics, agronomic requirements, contemporary and traditional use, macronutrient and phytochemical content and biological activity, in order to point out the reasons for tremendous kale popularity.

  5. Evaluation of the scientific impact of the Ebola epidemic: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutters, N T; Malek, V; Agnandji, S T; Günther, F; Tacconelli, E

    2017-09-04

    The Ebola outbreak prompted an extensive number of scientific publications, but little attention has been paid to the involvement of local scientists, distribution of research funding and related publications. We sought to systematically review publicly available information on the scientific impact of the Ebola epidemic. A systematic review of literature on the Ebola outbreak was performed. Extracted information included origins of the authors, type and distribution of funding, and impact factors (IF) of related publications between 6 December 2013, and 22 December 2015. We identified 460 relevant articles out of 3281 references, which were mostly authored by American (46.6%) and European (28.4%) institutions; only 13.4% of authors were affiliated with African institutions. Most IF can be attributed to the Americas and Europe, with 43% (25 030.8 IF) and 34.5% (20 074.2 IF), respectively, compared with 17.9% (10 436.5 IF) in Africa. Funds were provided mainly by the Americas (31.8% of all funded studies) and Europe (17%). American and European funds were also distributed back, mainly to American (77.8%) and European (85.2%) institutions, respectively. The Ebola outbreak had a significant scientific impact and resulted in numerous publications in high IF journals. The main impact could be measured in the Americas and Europe, and was directly related to funding. African researchers were only marginally involved in the scientific processing (86.6% of all researchers were not African), probably because major research centres are located in America and Europe. Our results suggest the importance of promoting closer cooperation between regions. Copyright © 2017 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. REALISM WITHOUT TRUTH: A REVIEW OF GIERE'S SCIENCE WITHOUT LAWS AND SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVISM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackenberg, Timothy D

    2009-01-01

    An increasingly popular view among philosophers of science is that of science as action—as the collective activity of scientists working in socially-coordinated communities. Scientists are seen not as dispassionate pursuers of Truth, but as active participants in a social enterprise, and science is viewed on a continuum with other human activities. When taken to an extreme, the science-as-social-process view can be taken to imply that science is no different from any other human activity, and therefore can make no privileged claims about its knowledge of the world. Such extreme views are normally contrasted with equally extreme views of classical science, as uncovering Universal Truth. In Science Without Laws and Scientific Perspectivism, Giere outlines an approach to understanding science that finds a middle ground between these extremes. He acknowledges that science occurs in a social and historical context, and that scientific models are constructions designed and created to serve human ends. At the same time, however, scientific models correspond to parts of the world in ways that can legitimately be termed objective. Giere's position, perspectival realism, shares important common ground with Skinner's writings on science, some of which are explored in this review. Perhaps most fundamentally, Giere shares with Skinner the view that science itself is amenable to scientific inquiry: scientific principles can and should be brought to bear on the process of science. The two approaches offer different but complementary perspectives on the nature of science, both of which are needed in a comprehensive understanding of science. PMID:19949495

  7. The Science Consistency Review A Tool To Evaluate the Use of Scientific Information in Land Management Decisionmaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    James M. Guldin; David Cawrse; Russell Graham; Miles Hemstrom; Linda Joyce; Steve Kessler; Ranotta McNair; George Peterson; Charles G. Shaw; Peter Stine; Mark Twery; Jeffrey Walter

    2003-01-01

    The paper outlines a process called the science consistency review, which can be used to evaluate the use of scientific information in land management decisions. Developed with specific reference to land management decisions in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, the process involves assembling a team of reviewers under a review administrator to...

  8. Design and Assessment of an Assignment-Based Curriculum to Teach Scientific Writing and Scientific Peer Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Rainer E.

    2014-01-01

    A writing-intensive, upper-level undergraduate course which integrates content, context, collaboration, and communication in a unique fashion, is described. The topic of the seminar is "Scientific Writing in Chemistry" and an assignment-based curriculum was developed to instruct students on best practices in all aspects of science…

  9. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review of Scientific Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupi, Matteo; Martinotti, Giovanni; Santacroce, Rita; Cinosi, Eduardo; Carlucci, Maria; Marini, Stefano; Acciavatti, Tiziano; di Giannantonio, Massimo

    2017-09-01

    New treatment options such as noninvasive brain stimulation have been recently explored in the field of substance use disorders (SUDs), including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). In light of this, we have performed a review of the scientific literature to assess efficacy and technical and methodological issues resulting from applying tDCS to the field of SUDs. Our analysis highlighted the following selection criteria: clinical studies on tDCS and SUDs (alcohol, caffeine, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and nicotine). Study selection, data analysis, and reporting were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Exclusion criteria were as follows: clinical studies about tDCS among behavioral addiction; review and didactic articles; physiopathological studies; and case reports. Eighteen scientific papers were selected out of 48 articles. Among these, 16 studied the efficacy of tDCS applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and 8 suggested the efficacy of tDCS in reducing substance craving. In light of these data, it is premature to conclude that tDCS over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is a very efficient technique in reducing craving. Small sample size, different stimulation protocols, and study duration were the main limitations. However, the efficacy of tDCS in treating SUDs requires further investigation.

  10. 76 FR 28781 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Report: Evaluation of the Validation Status of an In...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Scientific Advisory Committee on Alternative Toxicological Methods (SACATM) recommended that the BG1Luc ER TA... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Report: Evaluation of the Validation Status of an In Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation Test Method...

  11. Herbs with potential nephrotoxic effects according to traditional Persian medicine: Review and assessment of scientific evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolangi, Fatemeh; Memariani, Zahra; Bozorgi, Mahboubeh; Mozaffarpur, Seyyed Ali; Mirzapour, Mohaddeseh

    2018-04-03

    The increased use of herbal remedies particularly in patients with kidney diseases indicated the importance of studies which focused on nephrotoxic plants. The present study aimed to review and assess the kidney-damaging herbs mentioned in the Persian medicine [PM] books. The main PM books were searched for nephrotoxic herbs and their relevant reformers traditionally proposed for preventing renal damage. PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were investigated for evaluation of the scientific evidence relating to the nephrotoxicity of herbs. A total of 64 plants with kidney damage potential and their reformer medicaments were recorded in 7 sources included in this review. Allium schoenoprasum and Marrubium vulgare were the most repeated and emphasized nephrotoxic plants in PM books, but there was not any relevant scientific evidence. Despite the lack of clinical studies, some evidence was found for 38% of plants that were related to renal damage. The most repeated reformers for reducing the renal side effects mainly consisted of gum tragacanth, gum Arabic, mastic gum, anise, jujube and honey and some evidence was found for their nephroprotective activities. The present study reviewed and assessed the herbs with adverse renal effects in the main PM books. Some evidence was in line with the potential nephrotoxicity of plants and their ‎reformers. Despite the lack of clinical research for evaluation of their renal damage, the herbs may be focused in term of their nephrotoxicity; and there is a need for further studies on the scientific basis of their nephrotoxicity. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  12. Do Latin American scientific journals follow dual-use review policies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valles, Edith Gladys; Bernacchi, Adriana Silvina

    2014-01-01

    During the past decade, a number of journals have implemented dual-use policies in order to analyze whether the papers submitted for publication could raise concern because of the potential for misuse of their content. In this context, an analysis was performed on Latin American scientific journals to examine whether they apply formal written dual-use review policies and whether they inform their authors and reviewers about potentially sensitive issues in this area, as other international journals do. Peer-reviewed life sciences journals indexed in Latindex from Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Chile were analyzed. The Guide for Authors and the Instructions to Referees of 216 journals included in the Latindex catalogue (which means that they meet the best quality standards of the Latindex system) were screened for biosecurity-related information using the keywords biosecurity, biological weapons, and dual-use research of concern. Results showed that the screened publications had a total lack of dual-use review policies, even though some of them pointed out ethical behaviors to be followed related to authorship, plagiarism, simultaneous submission, research results misappropriation, ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, guiding principles for the care and use of animals in research, research standard violations, and reviewer bias, among others.

  13. Case Study in Public Administration: A Critical Review of Brazilian Scientific Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Guerra

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a critical review of 47 articles published between 2006 and 2011 to identify how case studies have been applied in Brazilian research on public administration. In addition to their theoretical and methodological characteristics, four further specific topics of interest were addressed: (a what is meant by case study; (b the relationship between the phenomenon of interest and the case under investigation; (c the possibility of replication; and (d how the supposed method contributes towards the development of the field of public administration. The main inconsistencies found were: the methodological descriptions are confusing; the results are inconsistent compared with data gathering procedures and data analysis techniques; a lack of information about the number of interviewed individuals; and no descriptions of research variables. The results suggest the reviewed case studies present methodological inconsistencies and limitations, which undermine their scientific value and relevance to academic work in Brazil.

  14. DOE High Performance Computing Operational Review (HPCOR): Enabling Data-Driven Scientific Discovery at HPC Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerber, Richard; Allcock, William; Beggio, Chris; Campbell, Stuart; Cherry, Andrew; Cholia, Shreyas; Dart, Eli; England, Clay; Fahey, Tim; Foertter, Fernanda; Goldstone, Robin; Hick, Jason; Karelitz, David; Kelly, Kaki; Monroe, Laura; Prabhat,; Skinner, David; White, Julia

    2014-10-17

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) High Performance Computing (HPC) facilities are on the verge of a paradigm shift in the way they deliver systems and services to science and engineering teams. Research projects are producing a wide variety of data at unprecedented scale and level of complexity, with community-specific services that are part of the data collection and analysis workflow. On June 18-19, 2014 representatives from six DOE HPC centers met in Oakland, CA at the DOE High Performance Operational Review (HPCOR) to discuss how they can best provide facilities and services to enable large-scale data-driven scientific discovery at the DOE national laboratories. The report contains findings from that review.

  15. Multi-stage open peer review: scientific evaluation integrating the strengths of traditional peer review with the virtues of transparency and self-regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich ePöschl

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to the demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public.The advantages of open access, public peer review and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmo¬sphe¬ric Chemistry and Physics (ACP and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU and the open access publisher Copernicus.The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including the life sciences and economics. Multi-stage open peer review can be flexibly adjusted to the needs and peculiarities of different scientific communities. Due to the flexibility and compatibility with traditional structures of scientific publishing and peer review, the multi-stage open peer review concept enables efficient evolution in scientific communication and quality assurance. It has the potential for swift replacement of hidden peer review as the standard of scientific quality assurance, and it provides a basis for open evaluation in

  16. Antibiotic resistance in primary care in Austria - a systematic review of scientific and grey literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Antibiotic resistance is an increasing challenge for health care services worldwide. While up to 90% of antibiotics are being prescribed in the outpatient sector recommendations for the treatment of community-acquired infections are usually based on resistance findings from hospitalized patients. In context of the EU-project called "APRES - the appropriateness of prescribing antibiotic in primary health care in Europe with respect to antibiotic resistance" it was our aim to gain detailed information about the resistance data from Austria in both the scientific and the grey literature. Methods A systematic review was performed including scientific and grey literature published between 2000 and 2010. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined and the review process followed published recommendations. Results Seventeen scientific articles and 23 grey literature documents could be found. In contrast to the grey literature, the scientific publications describe only a small part of the resistance situation in the primary health care sector in Austria. Merely half of these publications contain data from the ambulatory sector exclusively but these data are older than ten years, are very heterogeneous concerning the observed time period, the number and origin of the isolates and the kind of bacteria analysed. The grey literature yields more comprehensive and up-to-date information of the content of interest. These sources are available in German only and are not easily accessible. The resistance situation described in the grey literature can be summarized as rather stable over the last two years. For Escherichia coli e.g. the highest antibiotic resistance rates can be seen with fluorochiniolones (19%) and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (27%). Conclusion Comprehensive and up-to-date antibiotic resistance data of different pathogens isolated from the community level in Austria are presented. They could be found mainly in the grey literature, only few are

  17. REVIEW OF TURKISH SCIENTIFIC TEXTS ON TEACHING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamil İŞERİ

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The functions of the scientific texts under the informative text type are referring to the results of a research, reinterpreting certain research results, or reaching original results. When literature reviewed, it is observed that although the studies for creating scientific text have increased recently, it seems that the desired outcome is not achieved. In addition to teaching Turkish as a mother tongue, teaching it as a foreign language has also started to gain importance. For this reason, it is necessary to carry out such studies in order to increase the productivity in the field of teaching Turkish to foreigners. The aim of the study is to determine the orientations related to the rhetorical arrangement of the scientific texts on teaching of Turkish as a foreign language, which are included in the textbooks of the International Training and Education of Turkish Language Congresses as a full text and to evaluate these texts in terms of their specific functions. Findings and determinations revealed in the study are based on a corpus comprised of a total of 64 texts included in proceedings books, written in Turkish and related to teaching Turkish to foreigners. The study is structured by qualitative research method. The data were obtained by qualitative data collection techniques through document scanning and were examined within the framework of the scientific text criteria specified by Huber and Uzun (2001. Two out of 64 articles in the sample of the study revealed that none of the expected functional steps in the introduction, main and final sections were found. No work has been found that covers all of the functional steps in the introduction, main and final sections.

  18. Family, non-professional or informal caregivers: A review of terminology in scientific publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Mar Molero Jurado

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The figure of the caregiver of dependent persons is today the subject of scientific research in various disciplines in the health and social sciences. However, the terminology used to refer to the caregiver is often confusing, especially when they are not health professionals. Purpose: To analyze the terminology used to refer to the figure of the unpaid caregiver without technical training in scientific publications in recent years. Methods: A two-stage analysis was conducted: (1 review of publications in national and international databases in 1996-2005 and 2006-2016, and (2 review 2006-2016 using specific Dialnet database filters. Results: Despite the more frequent use of "family caregivers" (in Spanish and English in the publication titles, differences were observed in the use of other terms depending on the year of publication, the subject matter, type of journal or quality of the publication. Conclusion: The lack of agreement on the use of an established terminology to refer to the caregiver profile shows the need for constant revision and updating of the terms.

  19. Soil Scientific Research Methods Used in Archaeology – Promising Soil Biochemistry: a Mini-review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Vranová

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work seeks to review soil scientific methods that have been used and are still being used in archaeology. This review paper aims at emphasising the importance of soil science practice to archaeology thus adding a scientific analytical nature to the cultural nature of archaeology. Common methods (physical, chemical and biochemical used to analyse archaeological soils and artefacts is touched on and their strengths and shortcomings duly noted to become the base for future research. Furthermore, the authors made emphasis on distinctive excavating/sampling methods, biochemical analyses focused on distinctive features of plough-land and soil organic matter mineralization, Counter Immunoelectrophoresis (CEIP method by the presence of proteins testing, carbon analyses such as carbon-14 dating techniques, soil phosphorus studies and geochemical analyses of hematite Fe2O3 and cinnabaryte HgS contents. It is obvious that, the future of archaeology is in the soil because the soil harbours information of the past hence the synergy between soil and archaeological research has to be strengthened and archaeology made a prime agenda by soil scientists by expanding the analyses scope of total phosphorus extraction and giving attention to soil magnetism.

  20. Cholesterol lowering effect of a commercial margarine in hypercholesterolemic adults: a review of the scientific literature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Bernácer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the hypercholesterolemia is a growing problem, responsible of one fifth of coronary events in Spain. It is considered that plant sterols (PS could play an important role in their treatment.Objective: we review the role of a range of functional foods with added PS (including specific studies using Flora pro•activ in adults with hypercholesterolemia.Methods: we performed a review of the literature in the PubMed database to locate human studies that have evaluated the role of Flora pro•activ or PS fortified foods with a similar composition. We also have been consulted the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA database.Results: Flora pro•activ demonstrated in rigorous scientific studies to lower cholesterol in adults with hypercholesterolemia. Two servings of Flora pro•activ (1.5 g PS are needed to observe this effect. Lowering cholesterol with Flora pro•activ (2 servings / day oscillate as EFSA notes, between 7 and 10%. This effect is observed after 2-3 weeks. Its composition allows to make health claims about lowering cholesterol as is described for the European Union. The cholesterol-lowering efficacy of PS enriched foods that are not margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressings or dairy products is under-researched. With few exceptions, the use of fortified foods with PS is safe.Conclusions: the current scientific evidence justify the promotion of the use of PS to lower LDL cholesterol in adults with hypercholesterolemia.

  1. Medicinal plants used to treat snakebite in Central America: Review and assessment of scientific evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovannini, Peter; Howes, Melanie-Jayne R

    2017-03-06

    Every year between 1.2 and 5.5 million people worldwide are victims of snakebites, with about 400,000 left permanently injured. In Central America an estimated 5500 snakebite cases are reported by health centres, but this is likely to be an underestimate due to unreported cases in rural regions. The aim of this study is to review the medicinal plants used traditionally to treat snakebites in seven Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. A literature search was performed on published primary data on medicinal plants of Central America and those specifically pertaining to use against snakebites. Plant use reports for traditional snakebite remedies identified in primary sources were extracted and entered in a database, with data analysed in terms of the most frequent numbers of use reports. The scientific evidence that might support the local uses of the most frequently reported species was also examined. A total of 260 independent plant use reports were recorded in the 34 sources included in this review, encompassing 208 species used to treat snakebite in Central America. Only nine species were reported in at least three studies: Cissampelos pareira L., Piper amalago L., Aristolochia trilobata L., Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce, Strychnos panamensis Seem., Dorstenia contrajerva L., Scoparia dulcis L., Hamelia patens Jacq., and Simaba cedron Planch. Genera with the highest number of species used to treat snakebite were Piper, Aristolochia, Hamelia, Ipomoea, Passiflora and Peperomia. The extent of the scientific evidence available to understand any pharmacological basis for their use against snakebites varied between different plant species. At least 208 plant species are traditionally used to treat snakebite in Central America but there is a lack of clinical research to evaluate their efficacy and safety. Available pharmacological data suggest different plant species may target different symptoms of

  2. A review of the scientific basis for the quality factor for fast neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myers, D.K.; Johnson, J.R.

    1986-04-01

    Recently, the ICRP has recommended that the quality factor for fast neutrons be increased by a factor of two. They did not give a detailed explanation of the reasons for their recommendations, but indicated that the reasons would be developed as part of a much larger review of the quality factor for all radiations. Since it is AECB's policy to follow ICRP's recommendations unless there is good reason not to do so, and since the changing of the quality factor for neutrons has not been generally accepted by other countries a review of the scientific basis for the neutron quality factor was requested. This report gives results of that review. The report reviews the available published information on the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of neutrons and on the physical basis for the neutron quality factor for use in personnel dosimetry programs. It is concluded that some, but by no means all, of the RBE data supports an increased quality factor, but the relevance of this data to the quality factor for use in radiaton protection is not clear for two reasons. Firstly, the biological endpoints are not all directly extrapolatable to late stochastic effects in humans, and secondly, the current conservative selection of a quality factor for neutrons, and the conservative practise of equating whole body dose to the maximum dose equivalent, leads to a factor of about 10 conservatism in the assignment of neutron dose equivalents. The overall conclusion of the review is that there is no compelling reason to increase the quality factor for neutrons at least until the ICRP has completed its comprehensive review of the subject. 58 refs

  3. Scientific value of systematic reviews: survey of editors of core clinical journals.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joerg J Meerpohl

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Synthesizing research evidence using systematic and rigorous methods has become a key feature of evidence-based medicine and knowledge translation. Systematic reviews (SRs may or may not include a meta-analysis depending on the suitability of available data. They are often being criticised as 'secondary research' and denied the status of original research. Scientific journals play an important role in the publication process. How they appraise a given type of research influences the status of that research in the scientific community. We investigated the attitudes of editors of core clinical journals towards SRs and their value for publication. METHODS: We identified the 118 journals labelled as "core clinical journals" by the National Library of Medicine, USA in April 2009. The journals' editors were surveyed by email in 2009 and asked whether they considered SRs as original research projects; whether they published SRs; and for which section of the journal they would consider a SR manuscript. RESULTS: The editors of 65 journals (55% responded. Most respondents considered SRs to be original research (71% and almost all journals (93% published SRs. Several editors regarded the use of Cochrane methodology or a meta-analysis as quality criteria; for some respondents these criteria were premises for the consideration of SRs as original research. Journals placed SRs in various sections such as "Review" or "Feature article". Characterization of non-responding journals showed that about two thirds do publish systematic reviews. DISCUSSION: Currently, the editors of most core clinical journals consider SRs original research. Our findings are limited by a non-responder rate of 45%. Individual comments suggest that this is a grey area and attitudes differ widely. A debate about the definition of 'original research' in the context of SRs is warranted.

  4. Narrative Review of Statistical Reporting Checklists, Mandatory Statistical Editing, and Rectifying Common Problems in the Reporting of Scientific Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Franklin; Shafer, Steven L

    2017-03-01

    Considerable attention has been drawn to poor reproducibility in the biomedical literature. One explanation is inadequate reporting of statistical methods by authors and inadequate assessment of statistical reporting and methods during peer review. In this narrative review, we examine scientific studies of several well-publicized efforts to improve statistical reporting. We also review several retrospective assessments of the impact of these efforts. These studies show that instructions to authors and statistical checklists are not sufficient; no findings suggested that either improves the quality of statistical methods and reporting. Second, even basic statistics, such as power analyses, are frequently missing or incorrectly performed. Third, statistical review is needed for all papers that involve data analysis. A consistent finding in the studies was that nonstatistical reviewers (eg, "scientific reviewers") and journal editors generally poorly assess statistical quality. We finish by discussing our experience with statistical review at Anesthesia & Analgesia from 2006 to 2016.

  5. 75 FR 65404 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... & Regenerative Medicine Subcommittee of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit..., examination, reference to, [[Page 65405

  6. Operational Review of the First Wireline In Situ Stress Test in Scientific Ocean Drilling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casey Moore

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Scientific ocean drilling’s first in situ stress measurement was made at Site C0009A during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP Expedition 319 as part of Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment (NanTroSEIZE Stage 2. The Modular Formation Dynamics Tester (MDT, Schlumbergerwireline logging tool was deployed in riser Hole C0009A to measure in situ formation pore pressure, formation permeability (often reported as mobility=permeability/viscosity, and the least principal stress (S3 at several isolated depths (Saffer et al., 2009; Expedition 319 Scientists, 2010. The importance of in situ stress measurements is not only for scientific interests in active tectonic drilling, but also for geomechanical and well bore stability analyses. Certain in situ tools were not previously available for scientific ocean drilling due to the borehole diameter and open hole limits of riserless drilling. The riser-capable drillship, D/V Chikyu,now in service for IODP expeditions, allows all of the techniques available to estimate the magnitudes and orientations of 3-D stresses to be used. These techniques include downhole density logging for vertical stress, breakout and caliper log analyses for maximum horizontal stress, core-based anelastic strain recovery (ASR, used in the NanTroSEIZE expeditions in 2007–2008, and leak-off test (Lin et al., 2008 and minifrac/hydraulic fracturing (NanTroSEIZE Expedition319 in 2009. In this report, the whole operational planning process related to in situ measurements is reviewed, and lessons learned from Expedition 319 are summarized for efficient planning and testing in the future.

  7. A review of the scientific basis for radiation protection of the patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moores, B. M.; Regulla, D.

    2011-01-01

    The use of ionising radiation in medicine is the single largest man-made source of population exposure. Individual and collective doses to patients arising from the medical use of ionising radiations continue to rise significantly year on year. This is due to the increasing use of medical imaging procedures in modern health care systems as well as the continued development of new high dose techniques. This paper reviews the scientific basis for the principles of radiation protection as defined by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. These principles attempt to include exposures arising from both medical and non-medical applications within a common framework and have evolved over many years and changing socioeconomic considerations. In particular, the concepts of justification and ALARA (doses should be as low as reasonably achievable), which underpin the principles for medical exposures are assessed in terms of their applicability to the scientific process and relevance to a rapidly changing technologically-led health care system. Radiation protection is an integral component of patient safety in medical practices and needs to be evidence based and amenable to the scientific process. The limitations imposed by the existing philosophy of radiation protection to the development of a quantitative framework for adequately assessing the performance of medical imaging systems are highlighted. In particular, medical practitioners will require quantitative guidance as to the risk-benefits arising from modern X-ray imaging methods if they are to make rational judgements as to the applicability of modern high-dose techniques to particular diagnostic and therapeutic tasks. At present such guidance is variable due to the lack of a rational framework for assessing the clinical impact of medical imaging techniques. The possible integration of radiation protection concepts into fundamental bio-medical imaging research activities is discussed. (authors)

  8. Falls from Height in the Construction Industry: A Critical Review of the Scientific Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evan A. Nadhim

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Globally, falls from height (FFH are a substantial public health jeopardy and are among the important leading causes of serious and fatal injuries for construction workers. A comprehensive understanding of the causal factors in FFH incidents is urgently required; however, the literature appears to lack a scientific review of FFH. In this study, 297 articles that contribute to the topic of fall incidents were reviewed. Seventy-five (75 articles met the criteria for relevance and were aggregated in a database to support a critical review. A synthesis of macro-variables approach was adopted rather than a structured meta-analysis. Such a method of analysis provides the flexibility to combine previous studies' findings. The most common factors associated with FFH are risky activities, individual characteristics, site conditions, organizational characteristics, agents (scaffolds/ladders and weather conditions. The outcomes contributed to identifying the most significant research area for safety enhancement by improving engineering facilities, behaviour investigations and FFH prevention methods.

  9. Exercise-induced biochemical changes and their potential influence on cancer: a scientific review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Robert James; Kenfield, Stacey A; Jimenez, Alfonso

    2017-01-01

    Aim To review and discuss the available international literature regarding the indirect and direct biochemical mechanisms that occur after exercise, which could positively, or negatively, influence oncogenic pathways. Methods The PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane libraries were searched for papers up to July 2016 addressing biochemical changes after exercise with a particular reference to cancer. The three authors independently assessed their appropriateness for inclusion in this review based on their scientific quality and relevance. Results 168 papers were selected and categorised into indirect and direct biochemical pathways. The indirect effects included changes in vitamin D, weight reduction, sunlight exposure and improved mood. The direct effects included insulin-like growth factor, epigenetic effects on gene expression and DNA repair, vasoactive intestinal peptide, oxidative stress and antioxidant pathways, heat shock proteins, testosterone, irisin, immunity, chronic inflammation and prostaglandins, energy metabolism and insulin resistance. Summary Exercise is one of several lifestyle factors known to lower the risk of developing cancer and is associated with lower relapse rates and better survival. This review highlights the numerous biochemical processes, which explain these potential anticancer benefits. PMID:27993842

  10. The Role of Scientific Communication Skills in Trainees’ Intention to Pursue Biomedical Research Careers: A Social Cognitive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Carrie; Lee, Hwa Young; Anderson, Cheryl; Byars-Winston, Angela; Baldwin, Constance D.; Chang, Shine

    2015-01-01

    Scientific communication (SciComm) skills are indispensable for success in biomedical research, but many trainees may not have fully considered the necessity of regular writing and speaking for research career progression. Our purpose was to investigate the relationship between SciComm skill acquisition and research trainees’ intentions to remain in research careers. We used social cognitive career theory (SCCT) to test a model of the relationship of SciComm skills to SciComm-related cognitive variables in explaining career intentions. A sample of 510 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows at major academic health science centers in the Texas Medical Center, Houston, Texas, were surveyed online. Results suggested that interest in performing SciComm tasks, SciComm outcome expectations (SCOEs), and SciComm productivity predicted intention to remain in a research career, while SciComm self-efficacy did not directly predict career intention. SCOEs also predicted interest in performing SciComm tasks. As in other SCCT studies, SciComm self-efficacy predicted SCOEs. We conclude that social cognitive factors of SciComm skill acquisition and SciComm productivity significantly predict biomedical trainees’ intentions to pursue research careers whether within or outside academia. While further studies are needed, these findings may lead to evidence-based interventions to help trainees remain in their chosen career paths. PMID:26628562

  11. Safety assessment of GM plants: An updated review of the scientific literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domingo, José L

    2016-09-01

    In a wide revision of the literature conducted in 2000, I noted that the information in scientific journals on the safety of genetically modified (GM) foods in general, and GM plants in particular, was scarce. Of course, it was not sufficient to guarantee that the consumption of these products should not mean risks for the health of the consumers. Because of the scientific interest in GM organisms (GMOs), as well as the great concern that the consumption of GM foods/plants has raised in a number of countries, I conducted two subsequent revisions (2007 and 2011) on the adverse/toxic effects of GM plants. In the present review, I have updated the information on the potential adverse health effects of GM plants consumed as food and/or feed. With only a few exceptions, the reported studies in the last six years show rather similar conclusions; that is to say, the assessed GM soybeans, rice, corn/maize and wheat would be as safe as the parental species of these plants. However, in spite of the notable increase in the available information, studies on the long-term health effects of GM plants, including tests of mutagenicity, teratogenicity and carcinogenicity seem to be still clearly necessary. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Scientific developments of liquid crystal-based optical memory: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Jai; Chandran, Achu; Biradar, Ashok M.

    2017-01-01

    The memory behavior in liquid crystals (LCs), although rarely observed, has made very significant headway over the past three decades since their discovery in nematic type LCs. It has gone from a mere scientific curiosity to application in variety of commodities. The memory element formed by numerous LCs have been protected by patents, and some commercialized, and used as compensation to non-volatile memory devices, and as memory in personal computers and digital cameras. They also have the low cost, large area, high speed, and high density memory needed for advanced computers and digital electronics. Short and long duration memory behavior for industrial applications have been obtained from several LC materials, and an LC memory with interesting features and applications has been demonstrated using numerous LCs. However, considerable challenges still exist in searching for highly efficient, stable, and long-lifespan materials and methods so that the development of useful memory devices is possible. This review focuses on the scientific and technological approach of fascinating applications of LC-based memory. We address the introduction, development status, novel design and engineering principles, and parameters of LC memory. We also address how the amalgamation of LCs could bring significant change/improvement in memory effects in the emerging field of nanotechnology, and the application of LC memory as the active component for futuristic and interesting memory devices.

  13. Nutritional support for chronic myelogenous and other leukemias: a review of the scientific literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steriti, Ronald

    2002-10-01

    Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a slowly progressive disease characterized by the overproduction of granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils). A blood smear shows moderate elevations in white blood cell counts that may persist for years and be benign. Platelets are increased in number, although their function is impaired, resulting in symptoms of easy bleeding (purpura, swollen gums). Conventional medical treatment is a marrow transplant and alkylating agents, which are usually prescribed only during crisis. Several nutrients and botanicals have been studied for use in CML, including vitamin A and all-trans retinoic acid (Retin-A), vitamin D3, vitamin E, vitamin B12, indirubin (found in herbs including Indigofera tinctoria and Isatis tinctoria), and Curcuma longa. This article briefly reviews the scientific literature on the therapeutic use of these nutrients for CML.

  14. A review of Brazilian scientific output on crack--contributions to the political agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Marcelo Rasga; Fernandes, Fernando Manuel Bessa; Ribeiro, José Mendes; Franco Neto, Thereza de Lamare

    2015-04-01

    scientific literature about crack abuse published in Brazilian journals indexed in SCIELO. systematic review of literature treating findings as a framework for agenda-setting orienting policy decision makers. SCIELO online journals research since 02/06/2013 on tag crack as "key word searched" and in indexes as "research amplitude". An amount of 199 references were identified and their abstracts were analyzed getting to a final group of 59 articles specifically studying crack issues in Brazil. institutional criteria (journal, subject area, and publishing time) and analytical categories created by the authors: "Social Risk", "Treatment", "Use/Abuse", "Profile", "Social Relations", and "Study". crack use impact Brazilian journals since 2011; health field is prominent; articles about "Associated Risk" and "Treatment" prevail; SUS cannot face demand;investment improvement in CAP and harm reduction; therapeutic communities need to match with SUS standards; youngers, black people and poor express users profile; rave style use; repressive policies were not well succeeded; and multidisciplinary approach are necessary.

  15. New developments in laser-based photoemission spectroscopy and its scientific applications: a key issues review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xingjiang; He, Shaolong; Liu, Guodong; Zhao, Lin; Yu, Li; Zhang, Wentao

    2018-06-01

    The significant progress in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) in last three decades has elevated it from a traditional band mapping tool to a precise probe of many-body interactions and dynamics of quasiparticles in complex quantum systems. The recent developments of deep ultraviolet (DUV, including ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet) laser-based ARPES have further pushed this technique to a new level. In this paper, we review some latest developments in DUV laser-based photoemission systems, including the super-high energy and momentum resolution ARPES, the spin-resolved ARPES, the time-of-flight ARPES, and the time-resolved ARPES. We also highlight some scientific applications in the study of electronic structure in unconventional superconductors and topological materials using these state-of-the-art DUV laser-based ARPES. Finally we provide our perspectives on the future directions in the development of laser-based photoemission systems.

  16. The concept of cooking skills: A review with contributions to the scientific debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Mika JOMORI

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This paper aimed to conduct a literature review about the concept of cooking skills to contribute to the scientific debate about the subject. A systematic search was performed in the Scopus, PubMed/MedLine and Web of Science databases as well as the periodicals of the Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education in Brazil Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior website, using the following Portuguese and English keywords: cooking skills, cooking and food/meal preparation. We also consulted references cited by these papers, electronic dictionaries (in Portuguese, English and French, technical documents found on public and private institutional websites, as well as books. Basic, etymological/vernacular and systematic definitions for cooking were identified, including historical global and national contexts. To conceptualize cooking skills, categories related to food and individuals were established, purposing a conceptual model. The category related to food referred to the use of unprocessed/minimal processed foods (which require procedures prior to their preparation, and/or processed/ultra-processed foods (which need a little or no preparation, such as re-heating. The category related to individuals involved dimensions such as confidence, attitudes, behavior, and individual knowledge used to prepare foods. The historical definitions of cooking allowed us to clarify the concept of cooking skills. Considering the global context of valuing and recovering cooking for the promotion of healthy eating, this review can contribute to the scientific discussion about the concept of cooking skills. The purposed conceptual model enables parameters to be established for further investigations, allowing cooking interventions to be directed toward promoting healthy eating.

  17. Narratives as an educational tool : a review of 'A Scientific Romance'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hughes, J.; Andrey, J. [Waterloo Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Geography

    2000-06-01

    This paper examined how the use of narratives can be used as a tool for educating the public on climate change with particular reference to Ronald Wright's 1997 novel entitled A Scientific Romance. The novel develops climate change as a central theme in the development plot and has received excellent reviews from literary critics in Canada, Great Britain and the United States. This paper reviewed the novel using criteria from both cognitive psychology and climatology. Cognitive theory claims that human beings think, perceive, understand and make choices according to narrative structures. This evaluation compared Wright's depiction of future climate change with scientific projections. Wright provides great detail regarding climatic conditions of the Great London-Thames Estuary region of Southern England in the years 2500-2501. The climatic variables used in the evaluation consist of surface temperature, sea level rise, precipitation and wind speed. This evaluation determined that Wright's narrative depiction of London's future climate is much more extreme than what scientists project. It was concluded that Wright's tightly woven narrative takes an abstract issue and successfully transforms it into something interesting and provides a detailed depiction of a plausible future climate and its implications for society. However, two minor weaknesses were found to exist. First, there is little reference to the major cause of climate change, and secondly, the climate scenario depicted in the novel is more consistent with the runaway greenhouse theory than with scientists' projections. It was cautioned that narratives must be used carefully and responsibly otherwise, the magnitude of portrayed changes may create a sense of disbelief or helplessness on the part of the public. 27 refs., 1 tab.

  18. Critical Review of Hamby's (2014) Article Titled "Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Research, Scientific Progress, Scientific Challenges, and Gender".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winstok, Zeev

    2015-07-28

    In a recent article, Hamby advocates the replacement of the "old" Conflict Tactic Scales used to measure physical partner violence (PV) with a new measurement instrument that represents and supports a thesis that gender use of physical PV is asymmetrical rather than symmetrical. This article takes a critical look at the logic, assumptions, arguments, examples, interpretations, and conclusions, presented in Hamby's article, and in some cases disagrees with them. Furthermore, this article uses Hamby's proposals as an opportunity to review and examine core issues in the study of perpetration of physical PV, including gender-related theoretical and methodological issues. © The Author(s) 2015.

  19. Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pöschl, Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to all demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public. The advantages of open access, public peer review, and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos-chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu) and the open access publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org). The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. Key features and achievements of this approach are: top quality and impact, efficient self-regulation and low rejection rates, high attractivity and rapid growth, low costs, and financial sustainability. In fact, ACP and the EGU interactive open access sister journals are by most if not all standards more successful than comparable scientific journals with traditional or alternative forms of peer review (editorial statistics, publication statistics, citation statistics, economic costs, and sustainability). The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including

  20. Nordic interdisciplinary reviews of the scientific literature concerning the relationsiip between indoor environmental factors and health, Nordworks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundell, Jan; Bornehag, C.-G.

    1999-01-01

    The relationship between indoor air environments and health is, however, a truly interdisciplinary area involving numerous disciplines. Scientific work is primarily "within disciplinary", often resulting in conclusions that would not stand in an interdisciplinary context. Results are mostly...... today, a number of interdisciplinary scientific groups have been created within the Nordic countries with the aim at reviewing the scientific literature within specific areas, and creating an interdisciplinary consensus on the present state of the art. Results from four so-called NORD-groups (NORDVOC...

  1. The scientific status of childhood dissociative identity disorder: a review of published research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boysen, Guy A

    2011-01-01

    Dissociative identity disorder (DID) remains a controversial diagnosis due to conflicting views on its etiology. Some attribute DID to childhood trauma and others attribute it to iatrogenesis. The purpose of this article is to review the published cases of childhood DID in order to evaluate its scientific status, and to answer research questions related to the etiological models. I searched MEDLINE and PsycINFO records for studies published since 1980 on DID/multiple personality disorder in children. For each study I coded information regarding the origin of samples and diagnostic methods. The review produced a total of 255 cases of childhood DID reported as individual case studies (44) or aggregated into empirical studies (211). Nearly all cases (93%) emerged from samples of children in treatment, and multiple personalities was the presenting problem in 23% of the case studies. Four US research groups accounted for 65% of all 255 cases. Diagnostic methods typically included clinical evaluation based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder criteria, but hypnosis, structured interviews, and multiple raters were rarely used in diagnoses. Despite continuing research on the related concepts of trauma and dissociation, childhood DID itself appears to be an extremely rare phenomenon that few researchers have studied in depth. Nearly all of the research that does exist on childhood DID is from the 1980s and 1990s and does not resolve the ongoing controversies surrounding the disorder. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. Potential Use of Euphorbia hirta for Dengue: A Systematic Review of Scientific Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sashini D. Perera

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Euphorbia hirta commonly known as Tawa-Tawa is a plant used in folklore medicine in the Philippines for the treatment of dengue. Though, E. hirta has been extensively investigated for numerous bioactivities, limited studies have been conducted on the antidengue activity. Thus, the present study provides a comprehensive review of studies conducted on the antidengue activity of E. hirta. A systematic literature survey was carried out in scientific databases, PubMed®, Scopus, and Google Scholar, for research carried on the antidengue activity of E. hirta. The literature search identified a total of 867 articles: databases PubMed = 6, Scopus SciVerse® = 423, and Google Scholar = 437; one additional article was identified by searching reference lists. Eight full papers were entitled to the review; out of those, two studies focused on ethnobotanical surveys, three on animal experiments, one on human trial, and two on in vitro antiviral activities, and one was computational study. The available evidence conclusively demonstrates the potential of E. hirta against dengue as it holds significant antiviral and platelet increasing activities. However, the number of studies conducted to validate its antidengue activity was found to be inadequate. Hence, well-controlled clinical trials and contemporary pharmacological approaches including activity guided fractionation and elucidation of the mode of action are encouraged to establish the use of E. hirta for dengue.

  3. Physical activity of pregnant women in the light of scientific research - a review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Sass

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Physical activity during pregnancy is very important due to health benefits for women and fetus. Undoubtedly, physical activity should be adapted to the current psychophysical abilities of pregnant women. During that time, the physical effort should be taken by appropriate intensity, also the forms of physical activity should be general aimed in current pregnancy state. Undoubtedly the simplest form of physical activity for pregnant women is walk, as well as swimming, gymnastics, yoga and pilates. Exercises should have wide impact on her body and muscles. The aim of the study is to identify the physical activity of pregnant women in available scientific publications. Further goal is the assessment of the knowledge about the physical activity of pregnant women based on the current review of the literature. Research Methods: The following databases and scientific browsers were used and tracked for the purpose of the research objective: Pub Med, Retina Medical Search, Medline Plus, Europe PMC, POPLINE, Google Scholar. During searching for a results the keywords phrases were written in English: physical activity in pregnancy, pregnancy exercises, fitness, yoga, pilates, swimming and pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy. Conclusions: The current researches among the population of pregnant women are methodologically differentiated and not coherent in the subject. The implication of unexplored issues about pregnant women is the differentiation in directions of researches about the physical activity of pregnant women. It seems that is important to design and program an prospective research by using objective techniques to explore the pregnant women’s behavior, lifestyle and physical activity.

  4. Scientific Misconduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodstein, David

    2002-01-01

    Explores scientific fraud, asserting that while few scientists actually falsify results, the field has become so competitive that many are misbehaving in other ways; an example would be unreasonable criticism by anonymous peer reviewers. (EV)

  5. Health issues of female foreign domestic workers: a systematic review of the scientific and gray literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malhotra, Rahul; Arambepola, Chandima; Tarun, Samiksha; de Silva, Vijitha; Kishore, Jugal; Østbye, Truls

    2013-01-01

    Although the number of female foreign domestic workers (FDWs) is increasing worldwide, little is known about their health issues. To systematically review the literature on health issues of female FDWs to ascertain the problems studied, identify limitations, and suggest future research and policy implications. A systematic database (PubMed, EBSCO Host, and Google Scholar) and bibliographic search identified the English-language scientific and gray literature published during 1990-2012 addressing health issues of female FDWs living with the family of the employer, using qualitative and/or quantitative research methods. Studies in which female FDWs constituted less than half of the participants were excluded. The health issues studied and identified were adverse work conditions and associated health problems (such as physical, verbal, and sexual abuse at the workplace, caregiving tasks associated with musculoskeletal strain, and chemical exposure associated with respiratory difficulty), mental health (psychotic, neurotic, and mood disorders), infectious diseases (most of the studies were on intestinal parasitic infections), and health knowledge/attitudes/practices (most of the studies were in context of sexual and reproductive health). Most of the studies were medical record reviews or questionnaire-based surveys utilizing convenience sampling or qualitative interviews/focus group discussions. Female FDWs face numerous health problems. Studies on representative, possibly longitudinal, samples of female FDWs focusing on specific health conditions are needed to better understand the epidemiology of such conditions. Concerted efforts through the governments of both labor-sending and host countries are required to improve the health, work conditions, and safety of this vulnerable group of women.

  6. [Therapeutic potential of Hibiscus sabdariffa: a review of the scientific evidence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guardiola, Soledad; Mach, Núria

    2014-05-01

    Infusion of Hibiscus sabdariffa (H. sabdariffa) is a very popular drink in many parts of the world. Its phytochemical composition is associated to antioxidant, hypotensive, and antiatherosclerotic effects. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in these processes are not well known. The aim of this review was to report the scientific evidence supporting that regular use of H. sabdariffa decreases oxidative stress, atherosclerosis, lipid profile, and blood pressure. A search of recent publications was made in the following specialized electronic databases: Elsevier Journal, SciELO, FSTA, Science Direct, Springer Link, and NCBI. Results of research conducted in clinical trials in humans and in animal models and cell cultures were recorded. Keywords used included Hibiscus sabdariffa, oxidative stress, polyphenols, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and lipid profile. Results of the different articles suggested a possible therapeutic effect of H. sabdariffa extracts on oxidative stress, lipid profile, hypertension, and atherosclerosis thanks to its composition rich in phenolic compounds. Anthocyanins significantly decrease LDL oxidation, inhibit adipogenesis by regulating adipogenic signaling pathways and transcription factors, and modulate gene expression of certain microRNAs. No adverse events or side effects were reported. Further more homogeneous, placebo-controlled studies in humans are needed to state that H. sabdariffa has therapeutic efficacy in humans. Copyright © 2013 SEEN. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  7. Want to Improve Undergraduate Thesis Writing? Engage Students and Their Faculty Readers in Scientific Peer Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Julie A.; Thompson, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    One of the best opportunities that undergraduates have to learn to write like a scientist is to write a thesis after participating in faculty-mentored undergraduate research. But developing writing skills doesn't happen automatically, and there are significant challenges associated with offering writing courses and with individualized mentoring. We present a hybrid model in which students have the structural support of a course plus the personalized benefits of working one-on-one with faculty. To optimize these one-on-one interactions, the course uses BioTAP, the Biology Thesis Assessment Protocol, to structure engagement in scientific peer review. By assessing theses written by students who took this course and comparable students who did not, we found that our approach not only improved student writing but also helped faculty members across the department—not only those teaching the course—to work more effectively and efficiently with student writers. Students who enrolled in this course were more likely to earn highest honors than students who only worked one-on-one with faculty. Further, students in the course scored significantly better on all higher-order writing and critical-thinking skills assessed. PMID:21633069

  8. A review of Brazilian scientific output on crack - contributions to the political agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Rasga Moreira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Object: scientific literature about crack abuse published in Brazilian journals indexed in SCIELO.Objective: systematic review of literature treating findings as a framework for agenda-setting orienting policy decision makers.Methodology: SCIELO online journals research since 02/06/2013 on tag crack as "key word searched" and in indexes as "research amplitude". An amount of 199 references were identified and their abstracts were analyzed getting to a final group of 59 articles specifically studying crack issues in Brazil. Analysis: institutional criteria (journal, subject area, and publishing time and analytical categories created by the authors: "Social Risk", "Treatment", "Use/Abuse", "Profile", "Social Relations", and "Study".Results: crack use impact Brazilian journals since 2011; health field is prominent; articles about "Associated Risk" and "Treatment" prevail; SUS cannot face demand;investment improvement in CAP and harm reduction; therapeutic communities need to match with SUS standards; youngers, black people and poor express users profile; rave style use; repressive policies were not well succeeded; and multidisciplinary approach are necessary.

  9. Vaccination against smoking: an annotated agenda for debate. A review of scientific journals, 2001-13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolters, Anna; de Wert, Guido; van Schayck, Onno C P; Horstman, Klasien

    2014-08-01

    The ongoing development of novel nicotine vaccines makes it urgent to identify the normative questions around this innovative health technology against smoking. A qualitative thematic analysis of peer-reviewed papers on nicotine vaccination published between 2001 and 2013. In the scientific discourse, nicotine vaccination is presented in a neurobiological frame as a potent concept for (long-term) smoking cessation. Nicotine vaccination is also considered a hypothetical strategy to prevent nicotine addiction in minors. Ethical assessments are conducted for the use of nicotine vaccination in public health and clinical medicine. Whereas vaccination for primary prevention is usually associated with public health, the hypothetical case of nicotine prevention in minors is also assessed for individualized protection. Therapeutic and preventive applications are given uneven attention: the classic goal of vaccination (primary prevention in minors) receives methodical consideration and invokes lively debate. The unprecedented use of vaccination, namely smoking cessation, is left largely unattended in the ethical analyses. While health innovations such as nicotine vaccination need broad reflection to guide decisions on their further development and possible future implementations, only a small part of the ethical and social issues of this innovative technology has been discussed. For a debate to come into existence, a 'neurobio-psycho-socio-cultural' frame of smoking and quitting appears fruitful. Important topics for reflection are the human activities and social processes in a vaccine-supported quit attempt, next to respect for individuals, possible harms and questions of (global) justice and research ethics. © 2014 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  10. Performance Validity Testing in Neuropsychology: Scientific Basis and Clinical Application-A Brief Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greher, Michael R; Wodushek, Thomas R

    2017-03-01

    Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility. In response to a greater appreciation for the critical role that performance validity issues play in neuropsychological testing and the need to measure this variable to the best of our ability, the scientific base for performance validity testing has expanded greatly over the last 20 to 30 years. As such, the majority of current day neuropsychologists in the United States use a variety of measures for the purpose of performance validity testing as part of everyday forensic and clinical practice and address this issue directly in their evaluations. The following is the first article of a 2-part series that will address the evolution of performance validity testing in the field of neuropsychology, both in terms of the science as well as the clinical application of this measurement technique. The second article of this series will review performance validity tests in terms of methods for development of these measures, and maximizing of diagnostic accuracy.

  11. RsComm User Manual. Data system for the control of continuous recording measuring instruments (monitors); RsComm brukermanual. Datasystem for kontroll av kontinuerlig registrerende maaleinstrumenter (monitorer)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsteen, L.

    1996-02-01

    Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) has, as a part of the quality control systems, developed an automatic system of data recording. This report describes the installation and use of the RsComm software. Using RsComm and a NILU data recorder it is possible to run system tests on air quality analyzers via a telephone line. Test reports are generated. 17 figs.

  12. "Comme ci comme Ca"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Heidi Lykke

    2017-01-01

    I 2014 fik Danmark en ny pædagoguddannelse der introducerede medicin som et vidensmål for studerende på specialiseringen social/special-pædagogik. Medicin i socialpsykiatrien er en stor og omfangsgribende del af mange borgeres liv, og eftersom pædagoger er en af de faggrupper, der løfter...... medicinopgaven på de sociale botilbud, giver det god mening at uddanne pædagoger til at kunne forholde sig professionelt til emnet. Medicin og viden om medicin er dog langt fra hverken entydigt eller entydigt godt, og det kan undre, at det ikke er ”medicinpædagogik”, der kom på dagsordenen i pædagoguddannelsen....... Denne undren er afsættet for artiklen....

  13. The evolution of peer review as a basis for scientific publication: directional selection towards a robust discipline?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Catarina; Bastille-Rousseau, Guillaume; Bennett, Amanda M; Ellington, E Hance; Terwissen, Christine; Austin, Cayla; Borlestean, Adrian; Boudreau, Melanie R; Chan, Kevin; Forsythe, Adrian; Hossie, Thomas J; Landolt, Kristen; Longhi, Jessica; Otis, Josée-Anne; Peers, Michael J L; Rae, Jason; Seguin, Jacob; Watt, Cristen; Wehtje, Morgan; Murray, Dennis L

    2016-08-01

    Peer review is pivotal to science and academia, as it represents a widely accepted strategy for ensuring quality control in scientific research. Yet, the peer-review system is poorly adapted to recent changes in the discipline and current societal needs. We provide historical context for the cultural lag that governs peer review that has eventually led to the system's current structural weaknesses (voluntary review, unstandardized review criteria, decentralized process). We argue that some current attempts to upgrade or otherwise modify the peer-review system are merely sticking-plaster solutions to these fundamental flaws, and therefore are unlikely to resolve them in the long term. We claim that for peer review to be relevant, effective, and contemporary with today's publishing demands across scientific disciplines, its main components need to be redesigned. We propose directional changes that are likely to improve the quality, rigour, and timeliness of peer review, and thereby ensure that this critical process serves the community it was created for. © 2015 Cambridge Philosophical Society.

  14. Patients come from populations and populations contain patients. A two-stage scientific and ethics review: The next adaptation for single institutional review boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knopman, David; Alford, Eli; Tate, Kaitlin; Long, Mark; Khachaturian, Ara S

    2017-08-01

    For nearly 50 years, institutional review boards (IRB) and independent ethics committees have featured local oversight as a core function of research ethics reviews. However growing complexity in Alzheimer's clinical research suggests current approaches to research volunteer safety is hampering development of new therapeutics. As a partial response to this challenge, the NIH has mandated that all NIH-funded multi-site studies will use a single Institutional Review Board. The perspective describes a joint program to provide a single IRB of record (sIRB) for phases of multi-site studies. The approach follows two steps. One, an expert Scientific Review Committee (SRC) of senior researchers in the field will conduct the review principally of scientific merit, significance, feasibility, and the likelihood of meaningful results. The second step will be the IRB's regulatory and ethics review. The IRB will apply appropriate regulatory criteria for approval including minimization of risks to subjects and risks reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits, equitable subject selection, informed consent, protections for vulnerable populations, and application of local context considerations, among others. There is a steady demand for scientific, ethical and regulatory review of planned Alzheimer's studies. As of January 15, 2017, there are nearly 400 open studies, Phase II and III, industry and NIH sponsored trials on disease indications affecting memory, movement and mood in the US. The effort will initially accept protocols for studies of Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and related disorders effecting memory, movement and mood. Future aims will be to provide scientific review and, where applicable, regulatory and ethical review in an international context outside North America with sites possibly in Asia, Europe and Australia. Copyright © 2017 the Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. L'Utopie comme esquisse d'un avenir meilleur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Ondoua

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Le postmodernisme se donne explicitement comme une philosophie de la mondialisation. En occident, Jacques Derrida, par sa déconstruction, est l’un des penseurs qui anime le débat postmoderne en considérant que notre ère manque la fin de rationalité, du progrès et de la recherche d’un sens. La déconstruction se définit comme l’ensemble des techniques et stratégies utilisées par Derrida pour démonter, fissurer et déplacer toute logique universelle. Par le mécanisme de la différance, l’homme sort de tout cadre originaire (grands ensembles, méta récits, seul demeure la trace. L’homme pris dans la trace marque son refus de solidarité avec tout centre, tout principe, toute origine, etc. Cette idée est radicalisée par le légiste, personnage emblématique dans l���Utopie de Thomas More. En effet, le légiste fait l’éloge de la justice sévère anglaise. Partant de la théorie socio-biologiste selon laquelle les comportements sociaux sont génétiques, le légiste dans l’Utopie de More soutient qu’il faut une justice sévère, inflexible, rigide pour nettoyer la cité de ces maux. Dans ce sens, il faut condamner autant d’individus à la potence, car les maux sociaux sont naturels et innées. C’est contre cette approche néolibérale que s’insurge Thomas More. Tout comme les mouvements de gauches, l’Utopie de More explique les maux sociaux par les injustices sociales, la démission de la société, et surtout le manque de l’éducation. Du coup, avec l’Utopie, il s’agit de relativiser le monde dans lequel nous vivons : un autre monde est possible que celui dans lequel nous vivons. Partant delà, l’utopie notamment celle de Francis Bacon ou Thomas More, n’est-elle pas un genre littéraire altermondialiste ? Si la logique néolibérale impose son diktat et pose le principe selon lequel il n’y a pas d’alternative autre que ce que nous offre le capitalisme, ne faut-il pas voir dans l’Utopie, un

  16. Rape in Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Systematic Review of the Scientific Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabengele Mpinga, Emmanuel; Koya, Mapendo; Hasselgard-Rowe, Jennifer; Jeannot, Emilien; Rehani, Sylvie B; Chastonay, Philippe

    2017-12-01

    We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature between 1996 and 2013 on rape in war-ridden Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in order to better understand the interest of the scientific community in describing the magnitude and characteristics of the problem. The literature search was conducted in French and English using several databases (Pubmed, PsycInfo, Sapphire, BDSP, Embase, Rero, and Web of Science) with the key words "rape and DRC" combined with several Medical Subject Headings concepts. Our systematic review yielded 2,087 references, among which only 27 are original studies, that is 20 are based on population surveys and the remaining 7 are original data based on case studies and reviews. Ten studies provided prevalence rates of rape victims, 18 provided specific information on the profile of the victims, 10 reported that most of the perpetrators of rape were military personnel, 14 referred to the negligence of the government in protecting victims, and 10 reported a lack of competent health-care facilities. The awareness of rape in conflict-ridden DRC is still limited as reported in the scientific literature: Published scientific papers are scarce. Yet more research would probably help mobilize local authorities and the international community against this basic human rights violation.

  17. Searching for a Common Ground--A Literature Review of Empirical Research on Scientific Inquiry Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rönnebeck, Silke; Bernholt, Sascha; Ropohl, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    Despite the importance of scientific inquiry in science education, researchers and educators disagree considerably regarding what features define this instructional approach. While a large body of literature addresses theoretical considerations, numerous empirical studies investigate scientific inquiry on quite different levels of detail and also…

  18. 77 FR 21158 - VA Directive 0005 on Scientific Integrity: Availability for Review and Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ... Draft VA Directive 0005 on Scientific Integrity: [square] Fosters a culture of transparency, integrity, and ethical behavior in the development and application of scientific and technological findings in VA... information from inappropriate political or commercial influence; [square] Ensures that selection and...

  19. Scientific citations favor positive results : a systematic review and meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duyx, Bram; Urlings, Miriam J.E.; Swaen, Gerard M.H.; Bouter, Lex M.; Zeegers, Maurice P.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Citation bias concerns the selective citation of scientific articles based on their results. We brought together all available evidence on citation bias across scientific disciplines and quantified its impact. Study Design and Setting An extensive search strategy was applied to the Web of

  20. Advanced Scientific Computing Research Exascale Requirements Review. An Office of Science review sponsored by Advanced Scientific Computing Research, September 27-29, 2016, Rockville, Maryland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almgren, Ann [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); DeMar, Phil [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Vetter, Jeffrey [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Riley, Katherine [Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, Argonne, IL (United States); Antypas, Katie [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Bard, Deborah [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Coffey, Richard [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Dart, Eli [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Science Network; Dosanjh, Sudip [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Gerber, Richard [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Hack, James [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Monga, Inder [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Science Network; Papka, Michael E. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Rotman, Lauren [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Science Network; Straatsma, Tjerk [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wells, Jack [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bernholdt, David E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bethel, Wes [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Bosilca, George [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Cappello, Frank [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Gamblin, Todd [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Habib, Salman [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Hill, Judy [Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); McInnes, Lois Curfman [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Mohror, Kathryn [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Moore, Shirley [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Moreland, Ken [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Roser, Rob [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Shende, Sameer [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States); Shipman, Galen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Williams, Samuel [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2017-06-20

    The widespread use of computing in the American economy would not be possible without a thoughtful, exploratory research and development (R&D) community pushing the performance edge of operating systems, computer languages, and software libraries. These are the tools and building blocks — the hammers, chisels, bricks, and mortar — of the smartphone, the cloud, and the computing services on which we rely. Engineers and scientists need ever-more specialized computing tools to discover new material properties for manufacturing, make energy generation safer and more efficient, and provide insight into the fundamentals of the universe, for example. The research division of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Advanced Scientific Computing and Research (ASCR Research) ensures that these tools and building blocks are being developed and honed to meet the extreme needs of modern science. See also http://exascaleage.org/ascr/ for additional information.

  1. Toward best practice framing of uncertainty in scientific publications: A review of Water Resources Research abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillaume, Joseph H. A.; Helgeson, Casey; Elsawah, Sondoss; Jakeman, Anthony J.; Kummu, Matti

    2017-08-01

    Uncertainty is recognized as a key issue in water resources research, among other sciences. Discussions of uncertainty typically focus on tools and techniques applied within an analysis, e.g., uncertainty quantification and model validation. But uncertainty is also addressed outside the analysis, in writing scientific publications. The language that authors use conveys their perspective of the role of uncertainty when interpreting a claim—what we call here "framing" the uncertainty. This article promotes awareness of uncertainty framing in four ways. (1) It proposes a typology of eighteen uncertainty frames, addressing five questions about uncertainty. (2) It describes the context in which uncertainty framing occurs. This is an interdisciplinary topic, involving philosophy of science, science studies, linguistics, rhetoric, and argumentation. (3) We analyze the use of uncertainty frames in a sample of 177 abstracts from the Water Resources Research journal in 2015. This helped develop and tentatively verify the typology, and provides a snapshot of current practice. (4) We make provocative recommendations to achieve a more influential, dynamic science. Current practice in uncertainty framing might be described as carefully considered incremental science. In addition to uncertainty quantification and degree of belief (present in ˜5% of abstracts), uncertainty is addressed by a combination of limiting scope, deferring to further work (˜25%) and indicating evidence is sufficient (˜40%)—or uncertainty is completely ignored (˜8%). There is a need for public debate within our discipline to decide in what context different uncertainty frames are appropriate. Uncertainty framing cannot remain a hidden practice evaluated only by lone reviewers.

  2. 76 FR 26736 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ...: Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences Integrated Review Group, Clinical and Integrative Cardiovascular Sciences... Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group, Bacterial Pathogenesis Study... Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group, Virology--B Study Section. Date...

  3. 77 FR 31029 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group; Bacterial Pathogenesis Study Section. Date: June 20...: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group; Integrative and Clinical..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group...

  4. 76 FR 1622 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ...: Risk, Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group; Social Psychology, Personality and... Respiratory Sciences Integrated Review Group; Cardiovascular Differentiation and Development Study Section..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group...

  5. 78 FR 55086 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ...: Emerging Technologies and Training Neurosciences Integrated Review Group; Bioengineering of Neuroscience... Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Biophysics of Neural Systems Study Section. Date: October 3, 2013. Time..., Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group; Risk, Prevention and Intervention for Addictions...

  6. 77 FR 29672 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    ... Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Pathophysiological Basis of Mental Disorders and Addictions Study Section... Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Aging Systems and Geriatrics Study Section... Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Clinical Neuroimmunology and Brain Tumors Study Section...

  7. 77 FR 54921 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Committee: Oncology 2--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group; Basic Mechanisms of Cancer...: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group; Macromolecular Structure and...: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group; Macromolecular Structure and...

  8. Systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses: part 6 of a series on evaluation of scientific publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ressing, Meike; Blettner, Maria; Klug, Stefanie J

    2009-07-01

    Because of the rising number of scientific publications, it is important to have a means of jointly summarizing and assessing different studies on a single topic. Systematic literature reviews, meta-analyses of published data, and meta-analyses of individual data (pooled reanalyses) are now being published with increasing frequency. We here describe the essential features of these methods and discuss their strengths and weaknesses. This article is based on a selective literature search. The different types of review and meta-analysis are described, the methods used in each are outlined so that they can be evaluated, and a checklist is given for the assessment of reviews and meta-analyses of scientific articles. Systematic literature reviews provide an overview of the state of research on a given topic and enable an assessment of the quality of individual studies. They also allow the results of different studies to be evaluated together when these are inconsistent. Meta-analyses additionally allow calculation of pooled estimates of an effect. The different types of review and meta-analysis are discussed with examples from the literature on one particular topic. Systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses enable the research findings and treatment effects obtained in different individual studies to be summed up and evaluated.

  9. 75 FR 52357 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ... Committee: Biobehavioral and Behavioral Processes Integrated Review Group; Adult Psychopathology and....gov . Name of Committee: Biobehavioral and Behavioral Processes Integrated Review Group; Language and...

  10. 76 FR 53686 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ..., Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group, Pregnancy and Neonatology Study..., Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group, Cellular, Molecular and Integrative...

  11. 76 FR 23829 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... of Committee: Biobehavioral and Behavioral Processes Integrated Review Group; Motor Function, Speech..., Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group; Cellular Aspects of Diabetes and Obesity Study...

  12. 76 FR 54238 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ...: Language, Communication, Cognition and Perception. Date: September 13-14, 2011. Time: 10 a.m. to 8 p.m... Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Jane A Doussard-Roosevelt, PhD, Scientific...

  13. 77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ...--Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics. March 7--Career Development Award Program. March 13--Spinal... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development...

  14. 76 FR 5650 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... Rehabilitation. March 1--Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics. March 1-2--Psychological Health... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development...

  15. 77 FR 40412 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ...: August 7 Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease; Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics; and... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit...-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that subcommittees of the Rehabilitation Research and Development...

  16. A review of scientific topics and literature in abdominal radiology in Germany. Pt. 2. Abdominal parenchymal organs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grenacher, L. [Diagnostik Muenchen-Diagnostic Imaging Centre (Germany); Juchems, M.S. [Konstanz Hospital (Germany). Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Holzapfel, K. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Kinner, S.; Lauenstein, T.C. [University Hospital Essen (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Wessling, J. [Clemens Hospital Muenchen (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Schreyer, A.G. [University Hospital Regenburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2016-03-15

    The working group for abdominal and gastrointestinal diagnosis is a group of the German Radiological Society (DRG) focusing clinically and scientifically on the diagnosis and treatment of the gastrointestinal tract as well as the parenchymal abdominal organs. In this article we give an up-to-date literature review of scientific radiological topics especially covered by German radiologists. The working group experts cover the most recent relevant studies concerning liver-specific contrast media with an emphasis on a new classification system for liver adenomas. Additionally studies regarding selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT) are reviewed. For the pancreas the most important tumors are described followed by an introduction to the most recently introduced functional imaging techniques. The manuscript concludes with some remarks on recent studies and concerning chronic pancreatitis as well as autoimmune pancreatitis.

  17. Conflicts of Interest in Medicine. A Systematic Review of Published and Scientifically evaluated Curricula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weißkircher, Janosch

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Conflicts of interests resulting from interactions with pharmaceutical companies are pervasive in medicine and can result in an undue influence on physicians’ decision-making. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze published and scientifically evaluated curricula for medical students and residents regarding such conflicts of interest. We begin by describing the covered topics and teaching methods; afterwards we analyze the quality of the curricula using the published data on their evaluations and comparing the content with content recommended for such curricula.Methods: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, OECD, WISO, SOWI and googlescholar up to and including the 5th of September 2016. Publications describing curricula for residents or medical students on the topic of conflicts of interest in medicine and evaluating them for their effects on the participants’ learning were included. We analyzed the covered topics and the teaching methods used and compared them with recommendations by the American Medical Students’ Association (AMSA and Health Action International (HAI. Results: The literature search resulted in 20 publications that fulfilled our search criteria. In five trials, a control group was used, in no trial the participants were randomized to intervention or control group. 16/20 published curricula primarily covered marketing strategies by pharmaceutical companies, especially the interaction with pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs. Most curricula only covered a limited number of topics recommended by AMSA/HAI. The most frequent teaching method was a group discussion, which was used in 18/20 curricula; all curricula used at least one interactive teaching method. The evaluation of the curricula was heterogeneous in results as well as design. Some publications described a change of attitudes toward a stronger skepticism regarding interactions with pharmaceutical companies. Four publications

  18. Conflicts of Interest in Medicine. A Systematic Review of Published and Scientifically evaluated Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weißkircher, Janosch; Koch, Cora; Dreimüller, Nadine; Lieb, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Conflicts of interests resulting from interactions with pharmaceutical companies are pervasive in medicine and can result in an undue influence on physicians' decision-making. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze published and scientifically evaluated curricula for medical students and residents regarding such conflicts of interest. We begin by describing the covered topics and teaching methods; afterwards we analyze the quality of the curricula using the published data on their evaluations and comparing the content with content recommended for such curricula. Methods: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, OECD, WISO, SOWI and googlescholar up to and including the 5th of September 2016. Publications describing curricula for residents or medical students on the topic of conflicts of interest in medicine and evaluating them for their effects on the participants' learning were included. We analyzed the covered topics and the teaching methods used and compared them with recommendations by the American Medical Students' Association (AMSA) and Health Action International (HAI). Results: The literature search resulted in 20 publications that fulfilled our search criteria. In five trials, a control group was used, in no trial the participants were randomized to intervention or control group. 16/20 published curricula primarily covered marketing strategies by pharmaceutical companies, especially the interaction with pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs). Most curricula only covered a limited number of topics recommended by AMSA/HAI. The most frequent teaching method was a group discussion, which was used in 18/20 curricula; all curricula used at least one interactive teaching method. The evaluation of the curricula was heterogeneous in results as well as design. Some publications described a change of attitudes toward a stronger skepticism regarding interactions with pharmaceutical companies. Four publications described improved knowledge

  19. Review of the Design, Construction, and Coming Scientific Capabilities of the New Arecibo HF Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulzer, M. P.

    2010-12-01

    complete power system for planetary radar, the HF facility, and site backup. Design of the mesh is complete and the construction phase has started. One of the tower base concrete pads will sit on ground that is softer than expected and this pad is being designed by the engineering firm Amman and Whitney. The other five use the standard design provided by the tower manufacturer. Amman and Whitney are also reviewing the mesh support design and have recommended some changes in the cable support system in order to provide better temperature stability. As the project construction is completed in the next few months, we face the problems of producing a practical scientific facility. This facility is inherently a lot less complicated than the HAARP facility in Alaska. Nonetheless, a computer control and monitoring system is very desirable, both to allow the most complete control over the transmitted waveforms, and to allow the highest reliability of operation. We are currently reviewing the best ways to accomplish this. We expect that a basic system will be in place for the first couple of operational campaigns, with full flexibility coming later. The basic operation would be similar to our previous facility at Islote, vertical operation with continuous wave or a simple pulse sequence on a single frequency.

  20. The use of Pierre Bourdieu's distinction concepts in scientific articles studying food and eating: A narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Priscila de Morais; Gittelsohn, Joel; Unsain, Ramiro Fernandez; Roble, Odilon José; Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza

    2016-01-01

    This article reviews and discusses scientific papers on eating practices that have used Pierre Bourdieu's concepts presented in Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. It aims to synthesize and analyze theoretical and empirical studies on the theme in order to present Bourdieu's contributions to the field, advances in his theories, and directions for future research. Exclusion criteria were: not written in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French; not published in a peer-reviewed journal; not analyzing food or eating; and not using Bourdieu's concepts as presented in Distinction as the main theoretical framework. In this narrative review, we found 38 articles, which were categorized main themes: food choice and provisioning, taste, social class, food symbolism, the body, and the scientific field of food and eating. The taste of luxury and the taste of necessity were broadly applied on the works found in this review and were observed among the lower and upper classes, manifesting differently in each class. These studies show that while Bourdieu's theories are still highly relevant to understanding contemporary social groups, they may be improved when combined with other frameworks and theorists. We highlight as directions for future research manners in which gender and the environment interact with the habitus and food choices. Finally, this review points to new areas of investigation that may help improve the use of Bourdieu's concepts in exploring health inequalities, such as differences in eating practices and habitus within populations with low socioeconomic status. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Scientific and regulatory challenges in evaluating clinical trial protocols for HIV-1/AIDS vaccines - A review from a regulatory perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheets, Rebecca L; Zhou, TieQun; Knezevic, Ivana

    2016-03-01

    Clinical development of prophylactic HIV/AIDS vaccines presents many scientific challenges that result in challenges for regulators reviewing clinical trial applications (CTAs). The World Health Organization (WHO) has the responsibility to provide technical support to these regulators. The search for an HIV/AIDS vaccine will only succeed through well-designed, -conducted and -controlled human efficacy studies reviewed and approved by regulators in countries worldwide, particularly in countries where the epidemic has hit hardest, such as in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. This review summarizes the current candidates in development and focuses on challenges regulators face when reviewing CTAs, such as the evolving landscape of "standard of prevention," trials in adolescents, adaptive trial designs, correlates of protection and their analysis, and access to successful vaccines. There are many unknowns in the field of HIV/AIDS vaccine development and often, there is not a clear right or wrong approach because of the scientific challenges described in this review. Consequently, regulators should not feel that decisions need be made in isolation, when there are many available international collaborative efforts and opportunities to seek expert advice. The WHO provides many such opportunities and support to regulators across the globe. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  2. Fifty years of Brazilian Dental Materials Group: scientific contributions of dental materials field evaluated by systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    ROSA, Wellington Luiz de Oliveira; SILVA, Tiago Machado; LIMA, Giana da Silveira; SILVA, Adriana Fernandes; PIVA, Evandro

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective A systematic review was conducted to analyze Brazilian scientific and technological production related to the dental materials field over the past 50 years. Material and Methods This study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (Prisma) statement. Searches were performed until December 2014 in six databases: MedLine (PubMed), Scopus, LILACS, IBECS, BBO, and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, the Brazilian patent database (INPI - Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial) was screened in order to get an overview of Brazilian technological development in the dental materials field. Two reviewers independently analyzed the documents. Only studies and patents related to dental materials were included in this review. Data regarding the material category, dental specialty, number of documents and patents, filiation countries, and the number of citations were tabulated and analyzed in Microsoft Office Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, Washington, United States). Results A total of 115,806 studies and 53 patents were related to dental materials and were included in this review. Brazil had 8% affiliation in studies related to dental materials, and the majority of the papers published were related to dental implants (1,137 papers), synthetic resins (681 papers), dental cements (440 papers), dental alloys (392 papers) and dental adhesives (361 papers). The Brazilian technological development with patented dental materials was smaller than the scientific production. The most patented type of material was dental alloys (11 patents), followed by dental implants (8 patents) and composite resins (7 patents). Conclusions Dental materials science has had a substantial number of records, demonstrating an important presence in scientific and technological development of dentistry. In addition, it is important to approximate the relationship between academia and industry to expand the technological development in

  3. Review of scientific information on impacts of seismic sound on fish, invertebrates, marine turtles and marine mammals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bain, H.

    2004-09-01

    This review of scientific literature on impacts of seismic sound on aquatic organisms was initiated following a 2003 workshop to develop a decision framework for seismic survey referrals in Canadian waters. That workshop revealed that there are sources of uncertainty about the effects of seismic sound on aquatic organisms. It was determined that seismic sounds on the marine environment are not completely without consequence nor are they certain to result in serious harm. Following the workshop, and in order to clearly determine the level of risk posed by seismic sounds, teams of scientists prepared reviews of literature on experimental studies and field monitoring on the effects of seismic sound on marine organisms. Standards and mitigation methods were also reviewed. The scientific deliberations resulted in a body of information that allowed several conclusions to be reached that provide a scientific basis for developing a regulatory framework for conducting seismic surveys in marine environments. This paper presented literature highlights regarding: habitat concern; management considerations; physical and behavioural effects on fish; functional uses of sound; physical, physiological and behavioural effects on invertebrates; effects of seismic sound on zooplankton, eggs, larvae of fish and invertebrates; effect of seismic sound on marine turtles; and mortality, physical and behavioural effects on marine mammals. The literature review sought to seek if seismic sound contributed to displacement and migratory diversion; changes in dive and respiratory patterns; changes in social behaviour; and changes in vocalisation patterns. Several areas of future research needs were identified following this literature review which revealed that the long-term effects of seismic sound on marine animals remain inconclusive. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  4. Fifty years of Brazilian Dental Materials Group: scientific contributions of dental materials field evaluated by systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Wellington Luiz de Oliveira; Silva, Tiago Machado; Lima, Giana da Silveira; Silva, Adriana Fernandes; Piva, Evandro

    2016-01-01

    A systematic review was conducted to analyze Brazilian scientific and technological production related to the dental materials field over the past 50 years. This study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (Prisma) statement. Searches were performed until December 2014 in six databases: MedLine (PubMed), Scopus, LILACS, IBECS, BBO, and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, the Brazilian patent database (INPI - Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial) was screened in order to get an overview of Brazilian technological development in the dental materials field. Two reviewers independently analyzed the documents. Only studies and patents related to dental materials were included in this review. Data regarding the material category, dental specialty, number of documents and patents, filiation countries, and the number of citations were tabulated and analyzed in Microsoft Office Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, Washington, United States). A total of 115,806 studies and 53 patents were related to dental materials and were included in this review. Brazil had 8% affiliation in studies related to dental materials, and the majority of the papers published were related to dental implants (1,137 papers), synthetic resins (681 papers), dental cements (440 papers), dental alloys (392 papers) and dental adhesives (361 papers). The Brazilian technological development with patented dental materials was smaller than the scientific production. The most patented type of material was dental alloys (11 patents), followed by dental implants (8 patents) and composite resins (7 patents). Dental materials science has had a substantial number of records, demonstrating an important presence in scientific and technological development of dentistry. In addition, it is important to approximate the relationship between academia and industry to expand the technological development in countries such as Brazil.

  5. GRASS GIS: a peer-reviewed scientific platform and future research repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemin, Yann; Petras, Vaclav; Petrasova, Anna; Landa, Martin; Gebbert, Sören; Zambelli, Pietro; Neteler, Markus; Löwe, Peter; Di Leo, Margherita

    2015-04-01

    Geographical Information System (GIS) is known for its capacity to spatially enhance the management of natural resources. While being often used as an analytical tool, it also represents a collaborative scientific platform to develop new algorithms. Thus, it is critical that GIS software as well as the algorithms are open and accessible to anybody [18]. We present how GRASS GIS, a free and open source GIS, is used by many scientists to implement and perform geoprocessing tasks. We will show how integrating scientific algorithms into GRASS GIS helps to preserve reproducibility of scientific results over time [15]. Moreover, subsequent improvements are tracked in the source code version control system and are immediately available to the public. GRASS GIS therefore acts as a repository of scientific peer-reviewed code, algorithm library, and knowledge hub for future generation of scientists. In the field of hydrology, with the various types of actual evapotranspiration (ET) models being developed in the last 20 years, it becomes necessary to inter-compare methods. Most of already published ETa models comparisons address few number of models, and small to medium areas [3, 6, 7, 22, 23]. With the large amount of remote sensing data covering the Earth, and the daily information available for the past ten years (i.e. Aqua/Terra-MODIS) for each pixel location, it becomes paramount to have a more complete comparison, in space and time. To address this new experimental requirement, a distributed computing framework was designed, and created [3, 4]. The design architecture was built from original satellite datasets to various levels of processing until reaching the requirement of various ETa models input dataset. Each input product is computed once and reused in all ETa models requiring such input. This permits standardization of inputs as much as possible to zero-in variations of models to the models internals/specificities. All of the ET models are available in the new

  6. Characteristics of the scientific researches in sport climbing (review of the articles, theses, programs, methodical works.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedliar Yu.V.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The general estimation of the condition of the scientific developments will presented in sport climbing and on this base is specified the most perspective ways of scientific searching for in this area. Analysis publication reflecting different questions of preparation sport climbing athletes was organized. On base of the analysis of the special literature and coming from generally accepted in home science structure of the knowledge, was ascertained degree of the development different theoretical and practical aspect in this sphere. Discovered increase amount of the experimental studies in sport climbing.

  7. 77 FR 26302 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... Group; Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section. Date: May 31-June 1... Behavior Integrated Review Group; Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section. Date: May 31...: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review, Group; Neuroendocrinology...

  8. 77 FR 54920 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Group; Bioengineering of Neuroscience, Vision and Low Vision Technologies Study Section. Date: October 1... . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review [email protected] . Name of Committee: Integrative, Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review...

  9. 78 FR 28231 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... Behavior Integrated Review Group, Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section... Instrumentation: Cell Culture Bioreactor. Date: June 10, 2013. Time: 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  10. Acceleromyography for use in scientific and clinical practice: a systematic review of the evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claudius, C.; Viby-Mogensen, J.

    2008-01-01

    This systematic review describes the evidence on the use of acceleromyography for perioperative neuromuscular monitoring in clinical practice and research. The review documents that although acceleromyography is widely used in research, it cannot be used interchangeably with mechanomyography...

  11. 78 FR 69701 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel; Bacterial Transcription and Regulation. Date: December 16, 2013. Time: 2... and Reproduction. Date: December 18, 2013. Time: 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  12. 76 FR 57064 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-15

    ... Processes Integrated Review Group, Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Emotion, Stress and Health Study Section... Processes Integrated Review Group, Cognition and Perception Study Section. Date: October 13-14, 2011. Time...

  13. 77 FR 12319 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel; Topics in Bioengineering Sciences. Date: March 16, 2012. Time: 11 a.m. to... Related Research Integrated Review Group; AIDS Immunology and Pathogenesis Study Section. Date: March 19...

  14. 78 FR 28230 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ...: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group; Integrative and Clinical... . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Clinical..., DC 20037. Contact Person: Samuel C Edwards, Ph.D., Chief, Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience...

  15. 77 FR 55847 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ...: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group; Clinical Research and Field Studies of...-435- 0903, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience... and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group; Clinical and Integrative Diabetes and Obesity Study...

  16. 78 FR 30319 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Renaissance, Washington, DC Hotel, 999 Ninth Street... Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group; Gene and Drug Delivery Systems...

  17. 75 FR 25273 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... Committee: Oncology 1-Basic Translational Integrated Review Group, Cancer Molecular Pathobiology Study... 20892, 301-435-1179, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular...: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group, Macromolecular Structure and...

  18. 78 FR 1216 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... Integrated Review Group, Cellular Aspects of Diabetes and Obesity Study Section. Date: February 7, 2013. Time...: Oncology 2--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group Chemo/Dietary Prevention Study Section. Date... Sciences Integrated Review Group, Clinical and Integrative Diabetes and Obesity Study Section. Date...

  19. 78 FR 27244 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Review Group; Neurobiology of Motivated Behavior Study Section. Date: June 6-7, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to....gov . Name of Committee: Risk, Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group; Risk... . Name of Committee: Immunology Integrated Review Group Innate Immunity and Inflammation Study Section...

  20. Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischman, Josh

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

  1. 78 FR 58323 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... and Hematology Integrated Review Group, Vascular Cell and Molecular Biology Study Section. Date... Diabetes and Obesity Study Section. Date: October 17, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review... 20892, 301-435-1043, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Cell Biology Integrated Review Group...

  2. 78 FR 27246 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group....m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: St. Gregory Hotel, 2033 M Street NW.... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Avenue Hotel Chicago, 160 E. Huron Street...

  3. Implementation of systematic reviews in EFSA scientific outputs workflow (CFT/EFSA/AMU/2010/01)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Connor, A. M.; Lövei, G.; Eales, J.

    2012-01-01

    The Panel on Plant Health was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the Pest Risk Analysis on Phytophthora ramorum prepared by the FP6 project RAPRA, taking into account comments by Member States and additional information since RAPRA. P. ramorum is the oomycete causing sudden oak death in the...

  4. 78 FR 9455 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    .... Rehabilitation Engineering and February 20, 2013 Courtyard DC/U.S. Prosthetics/Orthotics. Capitol. Brain Injury... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit... Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that the subcommittees of the Rehabilitation Research and...

  5. 76 FR 66075 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ...: Non-HIV Diagnostics, Food Safety, Sterilization/Disinfection and Bioremediation. Date: November 17-18... Hotel, 4300 Military Road, NW., Washington, DC 20015. Contact Person: Gagan Pandya, PhD, Scientific... applications. Place: Legacy Hotel and Meeting Center, 1775 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Contact Person...

  6. Evaluating the scientific basis of quality indicators in colorectal cancer care: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keikes, Lotte; Koopman, Miriam; Tanis, Pieter J.; Lemmens, Valery E. P. P.; Punt, Cornelis J. A.; van Oijen, Martijn G. H.

    2017-01-01

    In colorectal cancer care, many indicators for assessment and improvement of quality of care are being used. These quality indicators serve as national and international benchmarks to compare health care on hospital and patient level. However, the scientific basis of these indicators is often

  7. Evaluating the scientific basis of quality indicators in colorectal cancer care : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keikes, Lotte; Koopman, Miriam; Tanis, Pieter J.; Lemmens, Valery E.P.P.; Punt, Cornelis J.A.; van Oijen, Martijn G.H.

    2017-01-01

    Aim In colorectal cancer care, many indicators for assessment and improvement of quality of care are being used. These quality indicators serve as national and international benchmarks to compare health care on hospital and patient level. However, the scientific basis of these indicators is often

  8. mHealth: a strategic field without a solid scientific soul. a systematic review of pain-related apps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Vega, Rocío; Miró, Jordi

    2014-01-01

    Mobile health (mHealth) has undergone exponential growth in recent years. Patients and healthcare professionals are increasingly using health-related applications, at the same time as concerns about ethical issues, bias, conflicts of interest and privacy are emerging. The general aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the current state of development of mHealth. To exemplify the issues, we made a systematic review of the pain-related apps available in scientific databases (Medline, Web of Science, Gale, Psycinfo, etc.) and the main application shops (App Store, Blackberry App World, Google Play, Nokia Store and Windows Phone Store). Only applications (designed for both patients and clinicians) focused on pain education, assessment and treatment were included. Of the 47 papers published on 34 apps in scientific databases, none were available in the app shops. A total of 283 pain-related apps were found in the five shops searched, but no articles have been published on these apps. The main limitation of this review is that we did not look at all stores in all countries. There is a huge gap between the scientific and commercial faces of mHealth. Specific efforts are needed to facilitate knowledge translation and regulate commercial health-related apps.

  9. mHealth: a strategic field without a solid scientific soul. a systematic review of pain-related apps.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío de la Vega

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth has undergone exponential growth in recent years. Patients and healthcare professionals are increasingly using health-related applications, at the same time as concerns about ethical issues, bias, conflicts of interest and privacy are emerging. The general aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the current state of development of mHealth. METHODS AND FINDINGS: To exemplify the issues, we made a systematic review of the pain-related apps available in scientific databases (Medline, Web of Science, Gale, Psycinfo, etc. and the main application shops (App Store, Blackberry App World, Google Play, Nokia Store and Windows Phone Store. Only applications (designed for both patients and clinicians focused on pain education, assessment and treatment were included. Of the 47 papers published on 34 apps in scientific databases, none were available in the app shops. A total of 283 pain-related apps were found in the five shops searched, but no articles have been published on these apps. The main limitation of this review is that we did not look at all stores in all countries. CONCLUSIONS: There is a huge gap between the scientific and commercial faces of mHealth. Specific efforts are needed to facilitate knowledge translation and regulate commercial health-related apps.

  10. TH-C-204-02: Improving Manuscript Quality Via Structured Reviews, Enhanced Scientific Category Taxonomy, and Outreach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Das, S.

    2016-01-01

    In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is “to continue the Journal’s tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care.” More concretely, the Journal should be the preeminent forum for exchange of cutting edge medical physics science. We seek to identify the best contributions in (a) high impact clinical physics innovations; (b) clinical translation and validation of basic science innovations; and (c) cutting edge basic science developments with potential for patient care improvements. Among the challenges and opportunities, we face are: electronic-only and open access publishing; competition from new radiological science journals; trends towards more interactive, social-media based scientific communities; and diversification of the medical physics research, authorship, and readership domains, including clinical applications quite foreign to core ABR clinical competencies. Recently implemented and ongoing initiatives include: Revised Table of Contents (TOC) and more contemporary topical submission categories Structured review template in HTML format Comprehensive hierarchical taxonomy for identifying reviewer expertise Formal process for soliciting high quality and impact Review and Vision 20/20 Articles We have recruited four Review Article Co-editors: John Rowlands and Ingrid Reiser (imaging physics) and Joao Seco and Tim Zhu (therapy physics). The Co-Editors will identify timely

  11. TH-C-204-02: Improving Manuscript Quality Via Structured Reviews, Enhanced Scientific Category Taxonomy, and Outreach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, S. [University of North Carolina (United States)

    2016-06-15

    In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is “to continue the Journal’s tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care.” More concretely, the Journal should be the preeminent forum for exchange of cutting edge medical physics science. We seek to identify the best contributions in (a) high impact clinical physics innovations; (b) clinical translation and validation of basic science innovations; and (c) cutting edge basic science developments with potential for patient care improvements. Among the challenges and opportunities, we face are: electronic-only and open access publishing; competition from new radiological science journals; trends towards more interactive, social-media based scientific communities; and diversification of the medical physics research, authorship, and readership domains, including clinical applications quite foreign to core ABR clinical competencies. Recently implemented and ongoing initiatives include: Revised Table of Contents (TOC) and more contemporary topical submission categories Structured review template in HTML format Comprehensive hierarchical taxonomy for identifying reviewer expertise Formal process for soliciting high quality and impact Review and Vision 20/20 Articles We have recruited four Review Article Co-editors: John Rowlands and Ingrid Reiser (imaging physics) and Joao Seco and Tim Zhu (therapy physics). The Co-Editors will identify timely

  12. CommWalker: correctly evaluating modules in molecular networks in light of annotation bias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luecken, M D; Page, M J T; Crosby, A J; Mason, S; Reinert, G; Deane, C M

    2018-03-15

    Detecting novel functional modules in molecular networks is an important step in biological research. In the absence of gold standard functional modules, functional annotations are often used to verify whether detected modules/communities have biological meaning. However, as we show, the uneven distribution of functional annotations means that such evaluation methods favor communities of well-studied proteins. We propose a novel framework for the evaluation of communities as functional modules. Our proposed framework, CommWalker, takes communities as inputs and evaluates them in their local network environment by performing short random walks. We test CommWalker's ability to overcome annotation bias using input communities from four community detection methods on two protein interaction networks. We find that modules accepted by CommWalker are similarly co-expressed as those accepted by current methods. Crucially, CommWalker performs well not only in well-annotated regions, but also in regions otherwise obscured by poor annotation. CommWalker community prioritization both faithfully captures well-validated communities and identifies functional modules that may correspond to more novel biology. The CommWalker algorithm is freely available at opig.stats.ox.ac.uk/resources or as a docker image on the Docker Hub at hub.docker.com/r/lueckenmd/commwalker/. deane@stats.ox.ac.uk. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  13. Evaluation of forestry strategies for climate change mitigation in continental France. Scientific literature and main actors' positioning review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buitrago Esquinas, Miriam

    2012-01-01

    This work contributes to the current scientific debate regarding the optimization of the forest sector's contribution to mitigating climate change. A scientific literature review has pointed out some uncertainties on the contribution to emission reduction objectives in the short to medium-term of an increasing harvest of forest resources for wood construction and energy generation. Timing of mitigation benefits for a managed forest depends on forestry upstream characteristics(forest and soil type and silviculture method) and downstream characteristics (transport distance, use of wood, efficiency of wood based energy production, fossil-fuel based reference system that is substituted,etc). A survey conducted among national forest experts points out debates concerning optimal silviculture practices to mitigating climate change. These discussions are due to the trades-off between sequestering carbon in forest ecosystems and climatic benefits obtained by sustainable forest harvesting and use of wood products to displace fossil emissions. (author) [fr

  14. 78 FR 31954 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... Section. Date: June 20-21, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... System Study Section. Date: June 20-21, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Agenda: To review and... Antimicrobial Resistance Study Section. Date: June 20-21, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review...

  15. 76 FR 57067 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-15

    .... Date: October 20-21, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications...: Medical Imaging. Date: October 20-21, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... Imaging. Date: October 7, 2011. Time: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications...

  16. 78 FR 5468 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... (2013/05). Date: February 20-21, 2013. Time: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... Technologies. Date: February 21-22, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...: Medical Imaging. Date: February 21-22, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate...

  17. 77 FR 19675 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... Panel, RFA-MH12-130: Basic Research on Decision Making: Cognitive, Affective and Developmental... . Name of Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group Biomaterials and...

  18. 75 FR 53702 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Committee: Population Sciences and Epidemiology Integrated Review Group; Cardiovascular and Sleep[email protected] . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93...

  19. 76 FR 54238 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Neuroendocrinology, Neuroimmunology, Rhythms and Sleep Study... . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical...

  20. 78 FR 54259 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ...: Population Sciences and Epidemiology Integrated Review Group; Cardiovascular and Sleep Epidemiology Study..., [email protected] . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine...

  1. 78 FR 54664 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ...., as amended. The grant applications and the discussions could disclose confidential trade secrets or..., Functional and Cognitive Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Sensorimotor Integration Study Section. Date...

  2. 77 FR 28886 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Stephen M... review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Hotel Monaco Alexandria, 480 King Street, Alexandria, VA...

  3. 75 FR 26261 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... Emphasis Panel; Member Conflicts: Neurogenetics, Neurodevelopment, and Bioengineering. Date: June 2, 2010... Committee: Emerging Technologies and Training Neurosciences Integrated Review Group; Molecular Neurogenetics...

  4. 75 FR 33627 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... review and evaluate grant applications. Place: St. Gregory Hotel, 2033 M Street, NW., Washington, DC... grant applications. Place: Hyatt Regency Bethesda, One Bethesda Metro Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue...

  5. Categorization of psychoactive substances into "hard drugs" and "soft drugs": a critical review of terminology used in current scientific literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janik, Peter; Kosticova, Michaela; Pecenak, Jan; Turcek, Michal

    2017-11-01

    Precise terminology and definitions are important components of scientific language. Although the terms "hard drugs" and "soft drugs" are used widely by professionals, neither the International Classification of Diseases nor the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual classify psychoactive substances into the categories "hard" and "soft." To analyze the occurrence of the terms "hard drugs" and "soft drugs" in recent scientific literature and to establish the degree of consensus in labeling psychoactive substances as "hard" or "soft." A critical review of scientific papers listed in PubMed and Scopus between 2011 and 2015. Three hundred thirty-four articles were initially identified as potentially relevant for review, 132 of which were included in the final analysis. One hundred twenty-four articles used the term "hard drugs" and 84.7% provided examples of substances considered "hard." Forty-four articles used the term "soft drugs" and 90.9% provided examples of substances considered "soft." Citations of relevant articles supporting categorization as "hard" or "soft" were not given in 90% of the articles. The authors often provided no or only very sparse information on their reasons for considering specific drugs as "hard" or "soft." Although it initially appeared that there is substantial agreement as to which psychoactive substances should be regarded as "hard" and "soft," closer inspection shows that the dividing line is blurred without clear criteria for categorization. At this time, it remains uncertain whether these terms should persist in the scientific literature. We therefore recommend these terms should be avoided or, if used, be clearly and precisely defined.

  6. Review of scientific cases and beamline technology for x-ray free-electron laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yabashi, Makina

    2012-01-01

    We summarize the scientific cases and beamline technology for utilizing X-ray Free-Electron Lasers (XFELs). The scientific targets are classified into two categories: observation with ultrahigh spatio-temporal resolution and the creation of extreme states. As a representative of the former, the coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) method reveals the structure of non-crystalline samples with a single-shot exposure of the XFEL pulse. For the latter, nonlinear interactions between matter and short-wavelength radiation have been investigated. Combining optical lasers and XFEL with a pump and probe technique is a powerful tool for studying the ultrafast dynamics of materials. The state-of-the-art beamline technologies developed as SACLA are also introduced. (author)

  7. Scientific citations favor positive results: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duyx, Bram; Urlings, Miriam J E; Swaen, Gerard M H; Bouter, Lex M; Zeegers, Maurice P

    2017-08-01

    Citation bias concerns the selective citation of scientific articles based on their results. We brought together all available evidence on citation bias across scientific disciplines and quantified its impact. An extensive search strategy was applied to the Web of Science Core Collection and Medline, yielding 52 studies in total. We classified these studies on scientific discipline, selection method, and other variables. We also performed random-effects meta-analyses to pool the effect of positive vs. negative results on subsequent citations. Finally, we checked for other determinants of citation as reported in the citation bias literature. Evidence for the occurrence of citation bias was most prominent in the biomedical sciences and least in the natural sciences. Articles with statistically significant results were cited 1.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3-1.8) times more often than articles with nonsignificant results. Articles in which the authors explicitly conclude to have found support for their hypothesis were cited 2.7 (CI 2.0-3.7) times as often. Article results and journal impact factor were associated with citation more often than any other reported determinant. Similar to what we already know on publication bias, also citation bias can lead to an overrepresentation of positive results and unfounded beliefs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. 77 FR 297 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... Special Emphasis Panel, Member Conflict: Kidney Pathobiology and Molecular Biology and Genitourinary Organ... of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Developmental Brain Disorders Study Section. Date: January 26-27, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate...

  9. 75 FR 57475 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... evaluate grant applications. Place: InterContinental Mark Hopkins Hotel, 999 California Street, San....m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Melrose Hotel, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Genes, Genomes, and Genetics Integrated Review Group; Ethical, Legal...

  10. 77 FR 26021 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... Review Group; Cardiovascular and Sleep Epidemiology Study Section. Date: June 4, 2012. Time: 8:00 a.m. to..., Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group; Behavioral Medicine, Interventions and Outcomes Study... Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306...

  11. Scientific and technical advisory committee review of the nutrient inputs to the watershed model

    Science.gov (United States)

    The following is a report by a STAC Review Team concerning the methods and documentation used by the Chesapeake Bay Partnership for evaluation of nutrient inputs to Phase 6 of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model. The “STAC Review of the Nutrient Inputs to the Watershed Model” (previously referred to...

  12. 76 FR 55691 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... Technologies and Training Neurosciences Integrated Review Group, Neurotechnology Study Section. Date: October 6..., Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group, Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal... Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes. Date: October 6, 2011. Time: 3 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To...

  13. 77 FR 2986 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-20

    [email protected] . Name of Committee: Bioengineering Sciences & Technologies Integrated Review Group... Review Special Emphasis Panel, SBIB Pediatric and Fetal Applications. Date: February 15, 2012. Time: 2 p...-1248, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive...

  14. 75 FR 1796 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... Integrative Reproduction Study Section. Date: January 28, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...; Bacterial Pathogenesis Study Section. Date: February 16, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  15. 75 FR 61767 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    .... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW...: November 22, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037. Contact Person: Kenneth A Roebuck, PhD...

  16. 76 FR 65203 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd... 21, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Ritz Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037. Contact Person: Shiv A. Prasad, Ph.D...

  17. 77 FR 27240 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-09

    ... Integrated Review Group; Nuclear and Cytoplasmic Structure/Function and Dynamics Study Section. Date: June 7... . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group... 20892, (301) 435-1726, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and...

  18. 77 FR 4050 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ..., Cancer Molecular Pathobiology Study Section. Date: February 21-22, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda... Integrated Review Group, Pregnancy and Neonatology Study Section. Date: February 21, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Residence Inn Bethesda, 7335...

  19. 77 FR 512 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... 20892, (301) 435-0913, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition... Clinical Integrated Review Group, Clinical Oncology Study Section. Date: February 6-7, 2012. Time: 8 [email protected] . Name of Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group...

  20. 78 FR 57169 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group; [email protected] . Name of Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group; Clinical Research and Field Studies of Infectious Diseases Study Section. Date: October 7-8, 2013. Time: 8...

  1. 77 FR 58853 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ...: Social Psychology, Family and Health. Date: October 5, 2012. Time: 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Agenda: To review and... and Developmental Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Cellular and Molecular Biology of Glia Study... . (Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical...

  2. 77 FR 56216 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... Management and Analysis Study Section. Date: October 11-12, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review... Integrated Review Group; Modeling and Analysis of Biological Systems Study Section. Date: October 11-12, 2012...; Mechanisms of Sensory, Perceptual, and Cognitive Processes Study Section. Date: October 11-12, 2012. Time: 8...

  3. 75 FR 25275 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... Review Group; Arthritis, Connective Tissue and Skin Study Section. Date: June 1-2, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m... Integrated Review Group; Epidemiology of Cancer Study Section. Date: June 2-3, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 1 p.m...

  4. 75 FR 46950 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... Committee: Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Clinical Neuroscience and... Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group, Pathophysiological Basis of Mental Disorders and Addictions Study Section. Date: September 30-October 1, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To...

  5. 75 FR 52009 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ...: Oncology 1-Basic Translational Integrated Review Group; Tumor Cell Biology Study Section. Date: October 4-5...-435-0603, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group; Synthetic and Biological Chemistry B Study Section. Date: October 5-6, 2010. Time: 8...

  6. 75 FR 26972 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... Committee: Oncology 1-Basic Translational Integrated Review Group, Tumor Cell Biology Study Section. Date..., Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-435-1783, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group, Synthetic and Biological Chemistry A Study Section. Date: June...

  7. 78 FR 59361 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... . Name of Committee: Biological Chemistry and Macromolecular Biophysics Integrated Review Group; Synthetic and Biological Chemistry A Study Section. Date: October 21-22, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m... . Name of Committee: Oncology 1-Basic Translational Integrated Review Group; Tumor Microenvironment Study...

  8. 75 FR 28033 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-19

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Neuroscience Integrated Review... Diabetes Study Section. Date: June 11, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant... Special Emphasis Panel; Small Business: Orthopedic and Skeletal Biology. Date: June 11, 2010. Time: 8 a.m...

  9. 76 FR 1444 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Integrated Review Group. Anterior Eye Disease Study Section. Date: February 7-8, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m...: Renaissance M Street Hotel, 1143 New Hampshire Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20037. Contact Person: Michael M... . Name of Committee: Vascular and Hematology Integrated Review Group, Vascular Cell and Molecular Biology...

  10. 76 FR 54240 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... Imaging Technology--A. Date: October 3-4, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Washington Plaza Hotel, 10 Thomas Circle, NW., Washington, DC 20005. Contact.... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Washington Plaza Hotel, 10 Thomas Circle, NW...

  11. 76 FR 25701 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Imaging Technology--A. Date: June 2-3, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Hotel Valencia Riverwalk, 140 East Houston Street, San Antonio, TX 78205. Contact Person...: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Mayflower Park Hotel, 405 Olive Way, Seattle, WA...

  12. 76 FR 36932 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ...: Bone Biology. Date: July 11, 2011. Time: 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant..., Member Conflict: Bone-Orthopedics. Date: July 20, 2011. Time: 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  13. 78 FR 2275 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ...: Learning and Memory. Date: January 31, 2013. Time: 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate... Review Group Cellular Mechanisms in Aging and Development Study Section. Date: February 7-8, 2013. Time...

  14. Review of the scientific results obtained at the research reactor-booster IBR-30 and the Program of investigations at the neutron source IREN

    CERN Document Server

    Furman, W

    2002-01-01

    Brief review of the main scientific results obtained at research reactor booster IBR-30 and its predecessor IBR and IBR-1 for the period 1960 - 2001 is presented. The thesis of the scientific program for the upgrade of IBR-30 resonance neutron source IREN are adduced

  15. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP, VOLUME 77, RBRC SCIENTIFIC REVIEW COMMITTEE MEETING, OCTOBER 10-12, 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    SAMIOS, N.P.

    2005-10-10

    The eighth evaluation of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC) took place on October 10-12, 2005, at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The members of the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) were Dr. Jean-Paul Blaizot, Professor Makoto Kobayashi, Dr. Akira Masaike, Professor Charles Young Prescott (Chair), Professor Stephen Sharpe (absent), and Professor Jack Sandweiss. We are grateful to Professor Akira Ukawa who was appointed to the SRC to cover Professor Sharpe's area of expertise. In addition to reviewing this year's program, the committee, augmented by Professor Kozi Nakai, evaluated the RBRC proposal for a five-year extension of the RIKEN BNL Collaboration MOU beyond 2007. Dr. Koji Kaya, Director of the Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, Japan, presided over the session on the extension proposal. In order to illustrate the breadth and scope of the RBRC program, each member of the Center made a presentation on higher research efforts. In addition, a special session was held in connection with the RBRC QCDSP and QCDOC supercomputers. Professor Norman H. Christ, a collaborator from Columbia University, gave a presentation on the progress and status of the project, and Professor Frithjof Karsch of BNL presented the first physics results from QCDOC. Although the main purpose of this review is a report to RIKEN Management (Dr. Ryoji Noyori, RIKEN President) on the health, scientific value, management and future prospects of the Center, the RBRC management felt that a compendium of the scientific presentations are of sufficient quality and interest that they warrant a wider distribution. Therefore we have made this compilation and present it to the community for its information and enlightenment.

  16. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP, VOLUME 77, RBRC SCIENTIFIC REVIEW COMMITTEE MEETING, OCTOBER 10-12, 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SAMIOS, N.P.

    2005-01-01

    The eighth evaluation of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC) took place on October 10-12, 2005, at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The members of the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) were Dr. Jean-Paul Blaizot, Professor Makoto Kobayashi, Dr. Akira Masaike, Professor Charles Young Prescott (Chair), Professor Stephen Sharpe (absent), and Professor Jack Sandweiss. We are grateful to Professor Akira Ukawa who was appointed to the SRC to cover Professor Sharpe's area of expertise. In addition to reviewing this year's program, the committee, augmented by Professor Kozi Nakai, evaluated the RBRC proposal for a five-year extension of the RIKEN BNL Collaboration MOU beyond 2007. Dr. Koji Kaya, Director of the Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, Japan, presided over the session on the extension proposal. In order to illustrate the breadth and scope of the RBRC program, each member of the Center made a presentation on higher research efforts. In addition, a special session was held in connection with the RBRC QCDSP and QCDOC supercomputers. Professor Norman H. Christ, a collaborator from Columbia University, gave a presentation on the progress and status of the project, and Professor Frithjof Karsch of BNL presented the first physics results from QCDOC. Although the main purpose of this review is a report to RIKEN Management (Dr. Ryoji Noyori, RIKEN President) on the health, scientific value, management and future prospects of the Center, the RBRC management felt that a compendium of the scientific presentations are of sufficient quality and interest that they warrant a wider distribution. Therefore we have made this compilation and present it to the community for its information and enlightenment

  17. SKI review of SKB research programs 1992. Compilation of scientific reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-03-01

    Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) has reviewed the research programs 1992 of the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB). This report presents the examination of the individual programs

  18. 78 FR 56904 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... Clinical Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Neural Basis of Psychopathology, Addictions and Sleep... Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93...

  19. 76 FR 19104 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    ... Neuroscience Integrated Review Group; Neural Basis of Psychopathology, Addictions and Sleep Disorders Study... of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research...

  20. 78 FR 4422 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... Review Group; Neural Basis of Psychopathology, Addictions and Sleep Disorders Study Section. Date... Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research; 93.306, 93.333...

  1. 75 FR 29771 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-27

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia Syndrome, and Temporomandibular...: Accelerating the Pace of Drug Abuse Research Using Existing Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment Research... Panel; ARRA: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia Syndrome, and Temporomandibular Disorder Competitive...

  2. 77 FR 5259 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    .... Place: Bethesda North Marriott & Conference Center, 5701 Marinelli Road, North Bethesda, MD 20852...:30 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Marina del Rey Hotel, 13534 Bali...

  3. 78 FR 26642 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ...., as amended. The grant applications and the discussions could disclose confidential trade secrets or... Review Group; Sensorimotor Integration Study Section. Date: June 4, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m...

  4. 75 FR 1793 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ...; Cancer Biomarker Genomics/Proteomics. Date: February 3, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review...; Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section. Date: February 4-5, 2010. Time...

  5. 75 FR 28623 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... Special Emphasis Panel, Fellowships: Biophysical and Physiological Neuroscience. Date: June 14-15, [email protected] . Name of Committee: Biology of Development and Aging Integrated Review Group, Aging...

  6. 78 FR 65343 - Center for Scientific Review; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel, Revision Applications for Basic, Social and Behavioral Research on the Social, Cultural, Biological and Psychological Mechanisms of Stigma, October 20, 2013, 6:00 p.m. to...

  7. 77 FR 34395 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... personal privacy. Name of Committee: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Integrated Review Group; Virology....306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93...

  8. 75 FR 74069 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ...--Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. Date: December 10, 2010. Time: 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and... of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research...

  9. 78 FR 38065 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Review Special Emphasis Panel; Fellowships: Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. Date: July 18-19, 2013... Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333...

  10. 77 FR 2073 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... 2--Translational Clinical Integrated Review Group; Basic Mechanisms of Cancer Therapeutics Study... Bethesda Metro Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Fouad A El-Zaatari, Ph.D...

  11. 77 FR 76055 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ...: Population Sciences and Epidemiology Integrated Review Group; Social Sciences and Population Studies A Study... Mechanisms of Cancer Therapeutics Study Section. Date: January 24-25, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m...

  12. The safety of Ontario's nuclear power reactors. A scientific and technical review. Selected consultants' reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hare, F.K.

    1988-01-01

    The Review commissioned 31 consultants to prepare detailed analyses of specific safety-related questions raised by the design and operation of Ontario Hydro's CANDU reactors. This volume presents 10 of these reports, which I judge to be of sufficient general importance to justify the cost of wide circulation. They have been reproduced precisely as they were submitted. They do not express the Review's own judgements, but do contain a major part of the evidence that influenced those judgements. In several cases the consultants have presented formal recommendations. Some of these have been incorporated, often in modified form, as Review recommendations, in the Minister's Report. Others remain simply as recommendations from the individual consultants. I agree with most of them, but have not seen them as central to the Review's conclusions. I suggest that appropriate institutions--most notably Ontario Hydro and Atomic Energy Control Board--study them, and act as they see fit

  13. 75 FR 59728 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Panel; Member Conflict: Arthritis, Connective Tissue and Skin Special Emphasis Panel. Date: November 17... Panel; Stem Cells in Cancer. Date: November 1, 2010. Time: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

  14. 77 FR 1701 - Center For Scientific Review: Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... Behavioral Processes Integrated Review Group; Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities Study....306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333, 93.337, 93.393-93.396, 93.837-93...

  15. 78 FR 58324 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ...: Biobehavioral and Behavioral Processes Integrated Review Group; Child Psychopathology and Developmental... Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 93.306, Comparative Medicine; 93.333, Clinical Research, 93.306, 93.333...

  16. 76 FR 55076 - Center for Scientific Review Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... applications. Place: Hyatt Regency Bethesda, One Bethesda Metro Center, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person... review and evaluate grant applications. Place: St. Gregory Hotel, 2033 M Street, NW., Washington, DC...

  17. 77 FR 58852 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ...: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: St. Gregory Hotel, 2033 M... Regency Bethesda, One Bethesda Metro Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person...

  18. 76 FR 55400 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ...; Arthritis, Connective Tissue and Skin Study Section. Date: October 3-4, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda..., [email protected] . Name of Committee: Oncology 1--Basic Translational Integrated Review Group; Tumor...

  19. 78 FR 55266 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... the meeting due to the timing limitations imposed by the review and funding cycle. Name of Committee... evaluate grant applications. Place: Torrance Marriott South Bay, 3635 Fashion Way, Torrance, CA 90503...

  20. Review of scientific Research results in identification of plant raw materials in food products

    OpenAIRE

    GOLUBTSOVA YU. V.

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the science-based capabilities have been generated to develop and test various identification methods of food products and reveal adulteration using advanced technique and processes. This article reviews researches and developments to identify the plant raw materials in food products based on morphological, anatomic, physical and chemical test methods and the latest DNA-technologies. Review of physical, chemical, anatomic and morphological test methods to identify raw materials bot...