WorldWideScience

Sample records for scenic easements

  1. The classification of easement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popov Danica D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Easement means, a right enjoyed by the owner of land over the lands of another: such as rights of way, right of light, rights of support, rights to a flow of air or water etc. The dominant tenement is the land owned by the possessor of the easement, and the servient tenement is the land over which the right is enjoyed. An easement must exist for the accommodation and better enjoyment to which it is annexed, otherwise it may amount to mere licence. An easement benefits and binds the land itself and therefore countinious despite any change of ownership of either dominant or servient tenement, although it will be extinguished if the two tenemants come into common ownership. An easement can only be enjoyed in respect of land. This means two parcels of land. First there must be a 'dominant tenement' and a 'servient tenement'. Dominant tenement to which the benefit of the easement attaches, and another (servient tenement which bears the burden of the easement. A positive easement consist of a right to do something on the land of another; a negative easement restrict the use of owner of the serviant tenement may make of his land. An easement may be on land or on the house made on land. The next classification is on easement on the ground, and the other one under the ground. An easement shall be done in accordance with the principle of restrictions. This means that the less burden the servient tenement. When there is doubt about the extent of the actual easement shall take what easier the servient tenement. The new needs of the dominant estate does not result in the expansion of servitude. In the article is made comparison between The Draft Code of property and other real estate, and The Draft of Civil Code of Serbia.

  2. River Corridor Easements

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — A River Corridor Easement (RCE) is an area of conserved land adjacent to a river or stream that was conserved to permanently protect the lateral area the river needs...

  3. Tax aspects of conservation easements

    Science.gov (United States)

    William C. Siegel

    2006-01-01

    A woodland owner may wish to guarantee that his or her forest land always remains as forest. Persons in this situation sometimes consider placing a conservation easement on the property to achieve that goal. A qualified conservation easement is defined as a transfer of a qualified real property interest means a restriction, granted in perpetuity, on the use that may be...

  4. Wild and Scenic Rivers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This map layer portrays the linear federally-owned land features (i.e., national parkways, wild and scenic rivers, etc.) of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the...

  5. State Conservation Easements - MS Chapter 84C

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Lands with a State-owned conservation easement interest mapped to the PLS forty and government lot level. Easements in this layer have been determined to meet the...

  6. Transmission Easement and Adverse Possession of Transmission Easement in the Polish Law

    OpenAIRE

    Rosicki, Remigiusz

    2016-01-01

    The object of analysis in the text are the issues concerned with the transmission easement and the adverse possession thereof on the grounds of the Polish law. The text features: (1) a historical outline of the solutions concerned with easements in the Polish law following 1945, (2) the institution of transmission easement introduced in 2008 and the solutions concerned with the claims for the establishment thereof at court, (3) the institution of adverse possession of transmission easement pu...

  7. Minnesota Wild and Scenic River Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — District boundaries for wild, scenic, and recreational rivers designated under the Minnesota State Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. Includes portions of the Minnesota...

  8. Easements, MDTA Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement on I 95, Fort McHenry Tunnel, Baltimore Harbor tunnel, Francis Scott Key Bridge, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Maryland Transportation Authority.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — Easements dataset current as of 2010. MDTA Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement on I 95, Fort McHenry Tunnel, Baltimore Harbor tunnel,...

  9. Modeling the scenic beauty of the Highland Scenic Highway, West Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishwar Dhami; Jinyang. Deng

    2010-01-01

    Finding sites with a pleasant view is important to maximize visitors' scenic satisfaction. A geographic information systems analysis of viewsheds is helpful for locating sites with maximum visibility. Viewshed analyses can also be combined with public perceptions of scenic beauty for selecting the most scenic sites. This research modeled the perceived beauty of...

  10. VT Data - Scenic Overlay District 20110301, Winhall

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Scenic Restriction overaly districts for the Town of Winhall, Vermont. Other overlay districts (Transfer of Development Rights, and Conservation & Recreational...

  11. Land Registration, Easements and Overriding Interests

    OpenAIRE

    Dixon, Martin John

    2005-01-01

    This considers the circumstances in which an easement by estoppel may take priority over a purchaser of the burdened land. It makes the point that such equitable easments are dififcult to fit into the land registration system, as evidenced by the discussion in Sweet v Sommer [2005] EWCA Civ 227; [2005] 2 All E.R. 64 (Note) (CA (Civ Div)).

  12. Effectiveness of conservation easements in agricultural regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braza, Mark

    2017-08-01

    Conservation easements are a standard technique for preventing habitat loss, particularly in agricultural regions with extensive cropland cultivation, yet little is known about their effectiveness. I developed a spatial econometric approach to propensity-score matching and used the approach to estimate the amount of habitat loss prevented by a grassland conservation easement program of the U.S. federal government. I used a spatial autoregressive probit model to predict tract enrollment in the easement program as of 2001 based on tract agricultural suitability, habitat quality, and spatial interactions among neighboring tracts. Using the predicted values from the model, I matched enrolled tracts with similar unenrolled tracts to form a treatment group and a control group. To measure the program's impact on subsequent grassland loss, I estimated cropland cultivation rates for both groups in 2014 with a second spatial probit model. Between 2001 and 2014, approximately 14.9% of control tracts were cultivated and 0.3% of treated tracts were cultivated. Therefore, approximately 14.6% of the protected land would have been cultivated in the absence of the program. My results demonstrate that conservation easements can significantly reduce habitat loss in agricultural regions; however, the enrollment of tracts with low cropland suitability may constrain the amount of habitat loss they prevent. My results also show that spatial econometric models can improve the validity of control groups and thereby strengthen causal inferences about program effectiveness in situations when spatial interactions influence conservation decisions. © 2017 Society for Conservation Biology.

  13. 7 CFR 650.24 - Scenic beauty (visual resource).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... consideration of alternative management and development systems that preserve scenic beauty or improve the...: (i) Assign appropriate NRCS national office leadership to insure that enhancement of scenic beauty is... provide leadership in carrying out scenic beauty policy and procedure within the state. (ii) Develop and...

  14. Additionality in Conservation Easements Programs: Grassland Easements in the Prairie Pothole Region

    OpenAIRE

    Savage, Jeffrey; Claassen, Roger; Breneman, Vincent E.; Loesch, Chuck; Williams, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    Conversion of native sod (grassland) to cropland in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) is threatening important breeding habitats for migratory birds. About 50 percent of North American ducks are produced in the grasslands of the PPR, even though this habitat accounts for only ten percent of duck breeding territory. Once lost, native grassland habitats are difficult to reconstruct. To protect these habitats, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) holds permanent easements prohibiting grasslan...

  15. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge, Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Half-Way Lake Easement Refuge, Hobart Lake Easement Refuge, Stoney Slough Easement Refuge, Tomahawk Easement Refuge : Narrative report : Calendar year - 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and the easement refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The...

  16. Narrative report: J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Lords Lake Easement Refuge, Rabb Lake Easement Refuge, School Section Lake Easement Refuge, Willow Lake Easement Refuge for calendar year 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for J. Clark Salyer NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report begins by...

  17. Inspection of the Tewaukon Lake Easement Refuge : 1940

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — On June 9, 1940 an inspection was made of the Tewaukon Lake Easement Refuge in North Dakota. Considerable improvements had been made since the last inspection. At...

  18. 36 CFR 212.21 - Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE TRAVEL MANAGEMENT Administration of the Forest Transportation System § 212.21 Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail. The Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail as defined by the National Trails Systems... necessary to meet emergencies or to enable landowners or land users to have reasonable access to their lands...

  19. VIEWIT uses on the wild and scenic upper Missouri River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwight K. Araki

    1979-01-01

    This paper discusses a computer application approach to mapping the scenic boundaries on the Upper Missouri Wild and Scenic River. The approach taken in this effort was the computer program VIEWIT. VIEWIT, for seen area analysis, was developed over an eight-year period prior to 1968, by Elliot L. Amidon and Gary H. Elsner. This is the first attempt by the BLW to...

  20. 36 CFR 7.100 - Appalachian National Scenic Trail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Trail. 7.100 Section 7.100 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.100 Appalachian National Scenic Trail...? (1) You may cross the Appalachian National Scenic Trail corridor by using established, State-approved...

  1. 36 CFR 261.20 - Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Trail. 261.20 Section 261.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROHIBITIONS General Prohibitions § 261.20 Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail. It is prohibited to use a motorized vehicle on the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail without a special-use...

  2. Wind River: A Wild and Scenic River Analysis: Preliminary draft

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Wind River meets the criteria for inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. Subject to valid existing rights, the minerals in Federal lands which...

  3. Can We Model the Scenic Beauty of an Alpine Landscape?

    OpenAIRE

    Erich Tasser; Ulrike Tappeiner; Georg Leitinger; Maria Bacher; Sonja Hölzler; Uta Schirpke

    2013-01-01

    During the last decade, agriculture has lost its importance in many European mountain regions and tourism, which benefits from attractive landscapes, has become a major source of income. Changes in landscape patterns and elements might affect scenic beauty and therefore the socio-economic welfare of a region. Our study aimed at modeling scenic beauty by quantifying the influence of landscape elements and patterns in relationship to distance. Focusing on Alpine landscapes in South and North Ty...

  4. Urban scenic spot interest space research based on transportation junction buffer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Zhou; Li, Wang; Sida, Cao; Shijie, Li; Xu, Li; Chongchong, Xue

    2017-03-01

    According to city tourism features, this paper studies the urban scenic spot interest space based on transportation junction buffer. City tourism features and the transportation junction radiation impact on scenic spots are studied. Take Zhengzhou city as an example, urban scenic spots are sampled and classified. Research range and objects are confirmed. By setting up buffer model and interest field data model, tourists’ interests on scenic spots within buffers are studied quantitatively. Scenic spot interest space is studied and analyzed. Meanwhile, tourism decision support projects relying on scenic spot interest space are provided for tourists to refer to.

  5. Multiresolution Network Temporal and Spatial Scheduling Model of Scenic Spot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Ge

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of pillar industries of the world economy. Low-carbon tourism will be the mainstream direction of the scenic spots' development, and the ω path of low-carbon tourism development is to develop economy and protect environment simultaneously. However, as the tourists' quantity is increasing, the loads of scenic spots are out of control. And the instantaneous overload in some spots caused the image phenomenon of full capacity of the whole scenic spot. Therefore, realizing the real-time schedule becomes the primary purpose of scenic spot’s management. This paper divides the tourism distribution system into several logically related subsystems and constructs a temporal and spatial multiresolution network scheduling model according to the regularity of scenic spots’ overload phenomenon in time and space. It also defines dynamic distribution probability and equivalent dynamic demand to realize the real-time prediction. We define gravitational function between fields and takes it as the utility of schedule, after resolving the transportation model of each resolution, it achieves hierarchical balance between demand and capacity of the system. The last part of the paper analyzes the time complexity of constructing a multiresolution distribution system.

  6. Can We Model the Scenic Beauty of an Alpine Landscape?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erich Tasser

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available During the last decade, agriculture has lost its importance in many European mountain regions and tourism, which benefits from attractive landscapes, has become a major source of income. Changes in landscape patterns and elements might affect scenic beauty and therefore the socio-economic welfare of a region. Our study aimed at modeling scenic beauty by quantifying the influence of landscape elements and patterns in relationship to distance. Focusing on Alpine landscapes in South and North Tyrol, we used a photographic questionnaire showing different landscape compositions. As mountain landscapes offer long vistas, we related scenic beauty to different distance zones. Our results indicate that the near zone contributes by 64% to the valuation of scenic beauty, the middle zone by 22%, and the far zone by 14%. In contrast to artificial elements, naturalness and diversity increased scenic beauty. Significant differences between different social groups (origin, age, gender, cultural background occurred only between the local population and tourists regarding great landscape changes. Changes towards more homogenous landscapes were perceived negatively, thus political decision makers should support the conservation of the cultural landscape.

  7. 7 CFR 1467.11 - Easement and 30-year contract participation requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., including the restoration, protection, enhancement, maintenance, and management of wetland and other land... part, cooperate in the restoration, protection, enhancement, maintenance, and management of the land in accordance with the warranty easement deed and with the terms of the WRPO. In addition, the easement shall...

  8. 30 CFR 285.507 - What rent payments must I pay on a project easement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What rent payments must I pay on a project... Financial Assurance Requirements Payments § 285.507 What rent payments must I pay on a project easement? (a) You must pay MMS a rent fee for your project easement of $5 per acre, subject to a minimum of $450 per...

  9. Land management restrictions and options for change in perpetual conservation easements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rissman, Adena; Bihari, Menka; Hamilton, Christopher; Locke, Christina; Lowenstein, David; Motew, Melissa; Price, Jessica; Smail, Robert

    2013-07-01

    Conservation organizations rely on conservation easements for diverse purposes, including protection of species and natural communities, working forests, and open space. This research investigated how perpetual conservation easements incorporated property rights, responsibilities, and options for change over time in land management. We compared 34 conservation easements held by one federal, three state, and four nonprofit organizations in Wisconsin. They incorporated six mechanisms for ongoing land management decision-making: management plans (74 %), modifications to permitted landowner uses with discretionary consent (65 %), amendment clauses (53 %), easement holder rights to conduct land management (50 %), reference to laws or policies as compliance terms (47 %), and conditional use permits (12 %). Easements with purposes to protect species and natural communities had more ecological monitoring rights, organizational control over land management, and mechanisms for change than easements with general open space purposes. Forestry purposes were associated with mechanisms for change but not necessarily with ecological monitoring rights or organizational control over land management. The Natural Resources Conservation Service-Wetland Reserve Program had a particularly consistent approach with high control over land use and some discretion to modify uses through permits. Conservation staff perceived a need to respond to changing social and ecological conditions but were divided on whether climate change was likely to negatively impact their conservation easements. Many conservation easements involved significant constraints on easement holders' options for altering land management to achieve conservation purposes over time. This study suggests the need for greater attention to easement drafting, monitoring, and ongoing decision processes to ensure the public benefits of land conservation in changing landscapes.

  10. Recreation and scenic resources in Alaska: an annotated bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert M. Muth; Sally Anne Fitchet

    1976-01-01

    This bibliography provides descriptions of material published on recreation and scenic resources in Alaska. Included are publications on research and supporting material in the form of studies and reports, proposals, plans, historical and cultural references, bibliographic documents, and popular books and articles describing the resources of Alaska and issues relating...

  11. FROM 'FOLKISM' TO PERFORMANCE: A NEW SCENIC STRATEGY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FROM 'FOLKISM' TO PERFORMANCE: A NEW SCENIC STRATEGY. FOR AUDIENCE INTEGRATION. *Eunice I. UWADINMA-IDEMUDIA. Abstract. The performances of plays based on 'Folkism' are not accessible to the general audience due to the kind of staging techniques used for the performances of these plays.

  12. a Geographic Analysis of Optimal Signage Location Selection in Scenic Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Ling; Long, Ying; Zhang, Ling; Wu, Xiao Ling

    2016-06-01

    As an important part of the scenic area infrastructure services, signage guiding system plays an indispensable role in guiding the way and improving the quality of tourism experience. This paper proposes an optimal method in signage location selection and direction content design in a scenic area based on geographic analysis. The object of the research is to provide a best solution to arrange limited guiding boards in a tourism area to show ways arriving at any scenic spot from any entrance. There are four steps to achieve the research object. First, the spatial distribution of the junction of the scenic road, the passageway and the scenic spots is analyzed. Then, the count of scenic roads intersection on the shortest path between all entrances and all scenic spots is calculated. Next, combing with the grade of the scenic road and scenic spots, the importance of each road intersection is estimated quantitatively. Finally, according to the importance of all road intersections, the most suitable layout locations of signage guiding boards can be provided. In addition, the method is applied in the Ming Tomb scenic area in China and the result is compared with the existing signage guiding space layout.

  13. A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF OPTIMAL SIGNAGE LOCATION SELECTION IN SCENIC AREA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Ruan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As an important part of the scenic area infrastructure services, signage guiding system plays an indispensable role in guiding the way and improving the quality of tourism experience. This paper proposes an optimal method in signage location selection and direction content design in a scenic area based on geographic analysis. The object of the research is to provide a best solution to arrange limited guiding boards in a tourism area to show ways arriving at any scenic spot from any entrance. There are four steps to achieve the research object. First, the spatial distribution of the junction of the scenic road, the passageway and the scenic spots is analyzed. Then, the count of scenic roads intersection on the shortest path between all entrances and all scenic spots is calculated. Next, combing with the grade of the scenic road and scenic spots, the importance of each road intersection is estimated quantitatively. Finally, according to the importance of all road intersections, the most suitable layout locations of signage guiding boards can be provided. In addition, the method is applied in the Ming Tomb scenic area in China and the result is compared with the existing signage guiding space layout.

  14. Narrative report: Calendar year 1972: Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Ilo NWR and the District IV Easement Refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1972 calendar year. The report begins...

  15. State Conservation Easements - MS Chapter 84C (no matches mapped to section)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Lands with a State-owned conservation easement interest that did not match to the PLS forty and government lot level, so they were matched to the PLS section level....

  16. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Midwest Region easements manual

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This manual provides pollices, establishes procedures and sets guidelines to administer easement interests for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Midwest Region. It is...

  17. A landscape inventory framework: scenic analyses of the Northern Great Plains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litton R. Burton Jr.; Robert J. Tetlow

    1978-01-01

    A set of four visual inventories are proposed. They are designed to document scenic resources for varied scales of application, from regional and general to local and specific. The Northern Great Plains is used as a case study. Scenic analysis and identification of criteria extend earlier work. The inventory is based on (1) study of previously developed landscape...

  18. The derivation of scenic utility functions and surfaces and their role in landscape management

    Science.gov (United States)

    John W. Hamilton; Gregory J. Buhyoff; J. Douglas Wellman

    1979-01-01

    This paper outlines a methodological approach for determining relevant physical landscape features which people use in formulating judgments about scenic utility. This information, coupled with either empirically derived or rationally stipulated regression techniques, may be used to produce scenic utility functions and surfaces. These functions can provide a means for...

  19. Yellowstone Hotspot. Reflections on scenic beauty, ecology, and the aesthetic experience of landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul H. Gobster

    2008-01-01

    Some scholars and practitioners have advocated an "ecological aesthetic" to address issues related to the protection of ecologically significant landscapes. Others see these efforts as an attack on traditional ideas of scenic beauty. Perhaps these two ideas of natural beauty are more complementary than is acknowledged. By examining how scenic landscapes are...

  20. 76 FR 14897 - Boundary Establishment for the Yellow Dog National Wild and Scenic River, Ottawa National Forest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-18

    ... Forest Service Boundary Establishment for the Yellow Dog National Wild and Scenic River, Ottawa National..., Washington Office, is transmitting the final boundary of the Yellow Dog National Wild and Scenic River to.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Yellow Dog Wild and Scenic River boundary is available for review at the...

  1. 75 FR 70021 - South Dakota Prairie Winds Project; Partial Term Relinquishment and Release of Easement for Wind...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... increase in regional demands for electricity produced from renewable resources. Several States within Basin... Dakota, on which the Service holds an easement for waterfowl habitat protection. The action selected by... 108 turbines) on lands on which the Service holds an easement for waterfowl habitat protection...

  2. Determining an appropriate integrated assessment model of tourism safety risk within the Changbai Mountain Scenic Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Lijun; Liu, Jisheng

    2017-03-01

    Tourism safety is gradually gaining more attention due to the rapid development of the tourism industry in China. Changbai Mountain is one of the most famous mountainous scenic areas in Northeast Asia. Assessment on Changbai Mountain scenic area’s tourism safety risk could do a favor in detecting influence factor of tourism safety risk and classifying tourism safety risk rank, thereby reducing and preventing associated tourism safety risks. This paper uses the Changbai Mountain scenic area as the study subject. By the means of experts scoring and analytic hierarchy process on quantified relevant evaluation indicator, the grid GIS method is used to vectorize the relevant data within a 1000m grid. It respectively analyzes main indicators associated tourism safety risk in Changbai Mountain scenic area, including hazard, exposure, vulnerability and ability to prevent and mitigate disasters. The integrated tourism safety risk model is used to comprehensively evaluate tourism safety risk in Changbai Mountain scenic area.

  3. Digitisation of Scenic and Historic Interest Areas in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, C.; Lawson, G.; Sim, J.

    2015-08-01

    Digital documents have become the major information source for heritage conservation practice. More heritage managers today use electronic maps and digital information systems to facilitate management and conservation of cultural heritage. However, the social aspects of digital heritage have not been sufficiently recognised. The aim of this paper is to examine China's `Digital Scenic Area' project, a national program started in 2004, to reveal the political and economic powers behind digital heritage practice. It was found that this project was only conducted within the most popular tourist destinations in China. Tourism information was the main object but information about landscape cultures were neglected in this project. This project also demonstrated that digital management was more like a political or economic symbol rather than a tool for heritage conservation. However, using digital technologies are still considered by the local government as a highly objective way of heritage management. Selected as a typical Scenic Area in China, Slender West Lake in Yangzhou was investigated to identify heritage stakeholder's attitudes toward digital management and the request from local management practice.

  4. The Conservation Contributions of Conservation Easements: Analysis of the San Francisco Bay Area Protected Lands Spatial Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adena R. Rissman

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Conservation easements have emerged as an important tool for land trusts and government agencies aiming to conserve private land in the United States. Despite the increase in public investment in conservation easement acquisitions, little is known about their conservation outcomes, particularly at a landscape scale. The nine-county San Francisco Bay Area exemplifies a complex conservation context: 190 organizations hold 24% of the land base in some type of protection status. Using a detailed protected lands database, we compared the contributions of conservation easements and fee-simple protected areas to ecological, agricultural, and public recreation benefits. We found that conservation easements were more likely to conserve grasslands, oak woodlands, and agricultural land, whereas fee-simple properties were more likely to conserve chaparral and scrub, redwoods, and urban areas. Conservation easements contributed to open space connectivity but were unlikely to be integrated into local land-use plans or provide public recreation. In particular, properties held by land trusts were less likely to allow for public recreation than were public lands. Conservation easements held by land trusts and special districts complemented fee-simple lands and provided greater conservation of some ecological communities and agricultural lands than fee-simple properties. Spatial databases of protected areas that include conservation easements are necessary for conservation planning and assessment.

  5. Perceptions of Community Benefits from Two Wild and Scenic Rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jordan W.; Moore, Roger L.

    2011-05-01

    Wild and Scenic Rivers provide a host of psychological, social, ecological, and economic benefits to local communities. In this study, we use data collected from recreational users of two Wild and Scenic Rivers to examine perceptions of the benefits provided by the rivers to local communities. Our purposes are (1) to determine if similar perceptions of community benefits exist across the two rivers, (2) to determine if individuals' proximity to the rivers are related to the benefits they perceive, (3) to determine if individuals' prior recreation experience on the river is related to variations in perceived benefits, (4) to determine if users' sociodemographic characteristics are related to perceived community benefits, and (5) to determine if the influence of these characteristics on perceived community benefits is similar across the two resource areas. Perceived benefits were found to be analogous across both rivers as individuals consistently ranked ecological/affective benefits as well as tangible benefits similarly. Recreationists living further from the river ranked ecological and affective benefits as significantly less important than those individuals living closer to the river. Women perceived the community benefits produced by the resource areas to be significantly more important when compared to men. Significant relationships were also found between perceived benefits and recreationists' previous use of the river, their age, and their level of education. With the exception of resource proximity and prior use history, the effects of user characteristics on perceived community benefits were not statistically different across the two rivers. These findings imply similar patterns of perceived community benefits exist across distinct resource areas and that the relationships between user characteristics and perceived benefits are also similar across the study rivers.

  6. Field Plot Points for Bluestone National Scenic River Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This feature class contains point features which represent locations of vegetation sampling plots in Bluestone National Scenic River. Location coordinates for most...

  7. Upper Yukon River, Alaska, a wild and scenic river analysis: Preliminary draft: Chapters IV and V

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Upper Yukon River, Alaska, possesses values which qualify it for inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. The Upper Yukon River and its immediate...

  8. The Scenic performance mechanism in the Aristophanes' comedies: the prompter and the focalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Kelly de Oliveira

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we aimed to point two important mechanisms of scenic performance in the plays of the Greek comedy writer Aristophanes (V BC. Our start assumption is that it is possible to find in the text important marks for the scenic operationalization of those comedies. In the time when those comedies were composed, the author knew the material conditions of scenic performance and he used some interesting strategies, and we highlight two of them: (i he inserted reminder-speech inside the sing of chorus to work as a prompter for the coreutas' choreography; (ii he used the chorus' collective body to indicate to the spectator which scenic elements deserve the attention for being important for the progress of the plot. These two play composition strategies are similar, but not equal, to the contemporary concepts of prompter and focalization.

  9. Spatial Vegetation Data for Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Vegetation map of the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River provides local park-specific names for vegetation types, as well as crosswalks to the National...

  10. Prediction of Near-View Scenic Beauty in Artificial Stands of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa S. et Z.)

    OpenAIRE

    Weiming, Liao; Keiitirou, Nogami; Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University

    1999-01-01

    The Analytic Hierarchy Process was used to identify the evaluation criteria of near-view scenic beauty in artificial hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa S. et Z.) forests. A multiple-regression model and a neural-network model were developed to predict near-view scenic beauty with the physical features of forests in this paper. With the multiple-regression model as the benchmark, the neural-network model using genetic algorithms performed better in scenic beauty prediction with respect to the predic...

  11. 77 FR 58979 - Boundary Establishment for the Au Sable, Bear Creek, Manistee, and the Pine Wild and Scenic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... Forest Service Boundary Establishment for the Au Sable, Bear Creek, Manistee, and the Pine Wild and... boundary of the Au Sable, Bear Creek, Manistee, and the Pine Wild and Scenic Rivers to Congress. FOR.... 8756. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Au Sable, Bear Creek, Manistee, and the Pine Wild and Scenic...

  12. Eyesores in sight: Quantifying the impact of man-made elements on the scenic beauty of Dutch landscapes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de S.; Groot, de M.; Boers, J.

    2012-01-01

    The numerous man-made elements being introduced into the countryside raises the question of how negative impacts on scenic beauty can be minimized. This study investigates the visual impact of wind turbines, business parks and agricultural buildings (barns) on scenic beauty, taking into account

  13. How Can Big Data Support Smart Scenic Area Management? An Analysis of Travel Blogs on Huashan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Shao

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Data from travel blogs represent important travel behavior and destination resource information. Moreover, technological innovations and increasing use of social media are providing accessible ‘big data’ at a low cost. Despite this, there is still limited big data analysis for scenic tourism areas. This research on Huashan (Mount Hua, China data-mined user-contributed travel logs on the Mafengwo and Ctrip websites. Semantic analysis explored tourist movement patterns and preferences within the scenic area. GIS provided a visual distribution of blogger origins. The relationship between Huashan and adjoining tourism areas revealed a multi-destination pattern of tourist movements. Emotional analysis indicated tourist satisfaction levels, while content analysis explored more deeply into dissatisfying aspects of tourist experiences. The results should provide guidance for scenic areas in destination planning and design.

  14. Design and Fabricate the Remote Monitor on the Scenic Spot Based on Integrated Sensor System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Wang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on the embedded Linux system, established the integrated sensing system to monitor the scenic spot and transmit the collected data to the users. The platform based on the ARM11 development board as the hardware of the system. Used the sensors to collect the different data and pictures and then they were transmitted by the wired and wireless mode. Set up the small Web server by the Boa (small Web server and realized the integrated Web technology and CGI (Common Gateway Interface program. According to the difference information of the scenic spot, the mobile platform collected the needed data and transmitted it to the control platform by the ZigBee wireless module and displayed in the embedded platform. The administrator can realize monitoring all the spots of the scenic and control the terminal equipments in the whole day.

  15. The scenic function of the ego and its role in symptom and character formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argelander, Hermann

    2013-04-01

    The author argues that the scenic function of the ego permits the situationally appropriate representation of an unconscious, infantile configuration - that is, of a relatively stable, personality-based drive scene having the same status as latent dream thoughts. The products of conflict elaboration (symptoms, etc.) are manifested in different ways in accordance with the conditions of the relevant situation. The contents of the drive scene are created by the psychical apparatus on the basis of infantile perceptions and are revealed in screen memories. The capacity for situationally appropriate representation is apparently bound up with the mobile drive, including its narcissistic transformations. Desexualization (in the sense of neutralization) renders scenic elaboration impossible. The drive derivatives withdrawn from the scenic configuration contribute to ego organization and the formation of character traits, which no longer vary according to the situation, but can only be modified by a change in personality structure itself. It is as yet unclear whether a process of resexualization can make them amenable once more to analytic work. The form of narcissistic libido that can assume a scenic configuration is closely related to primary narcissism. Its manifestations, which may likewise emerge in situation-dependent symptom formations, appear accessible to analysis. Copyright © 2012 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  16. Forest landscape assessment: the effects of pre-experience education on public perception of scenic beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chad D. Pierskalla; Kevin E. Saunders; David W. McGill; David A. Smaldone

    2008-01-01

    Aldo Leopold argued for a type of "ecological aesthetic," where perceptions of natural landscape beauty are tied to an understanding of the natural process of forests. The purpose of this study is to examine how education affects perceptions of scenic beauty. Thirty-two students were assigned to four groups, with each group participating in a different...

  17. Using spatial metrics to predict scenic perception in a changing landscape: Dennis, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    James F. Palmer

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates residents' perceptions of scenic quality in the Cape Cod community of Dennis, Massachusetts during a period of significant landscape change. In the mid-1970s, Chandler [Natural and Visual Resources, Dennis, Massachusetts. Dennis Conservation Commission and Planning Board, Dennis, MA, 1976] worked with a community group to evaluate the...

  18. Visitor use patterns and satisfaction along the Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh K. Shrestha; Robert C. Burns; Alan R. Graefe; Kevin R. Gaydos

    2009-01-01

    Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 232 visitors/groups along Oregon's Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway (RUSB) to identify recreation use patterns and assess visitor satisfaction with various attributes of the Byway. Study participants were most likely to be over 50 years old, to be visiting overnight, and to be repeat visitors from Oregon who were there with...

  19. A Psychological Model Of Scenic Beauty By Silvicultural Treatment Two Growing Seasons After Harvest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying-Hung Li; Victor A. Rudis; Theresa A. Herrick

    2004-01-01

    Abstract - This study estimated summer scenic beauty and associated psychological attributes of scenes depicting uncut and several cutting regimes within shortleaf pine-hardwood forests on national forests. Images were captured in the summer of 1994 in nine treated and three comparable untreated stands in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas....

  20. Modeling willingness to pay for land conservation easements: treatment of zero and protest bids and application and policy implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong-Hoon Cho; Steven T. Yen; J. Michael Bowker; David H. Newman

    2008-01-01

    This study compares an ordered probit model and a Tobit model with selection to take into account both true zero and protest zero bids while estimating the willingness to pay (WTP) for conservation easements in Macon County, NC. By comparing the two models, the ordered/Unordered selection issue of the protest responses is analyzed to demonstrate how the treatment of...

  1. 78 FR 56650 - Boundary Description and Final Map for Sandy Wild and Scenic River, Upper Portion, Mount Hood...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... accordance with section 3(b) of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, the USDA Forest Service, Washington Office... after Congress receives the transmittal. Dated: September 4, 2013. Kent Connaughton, Regional Forester...

  2. Study of Double-Weighted Graph Model and Optimal Path Planning for Tourist Scenic Area Oriented Intelligent Tour Guide

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Y. Shi; Y. Long; X. L. Wi

    2014-01-01

    When tourists visiting multiple tourist scenic spots, the travel line is usually the most effective road network according to the actual tour process, and maybe the travel line is different from planned travel line...

  3. USGS 1:1,000,000-Scale Federal Lands of the United States - Parkways and Scenic Rivers 201506 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer portrays the linear federally owned or administered land features (i.e., national parkways, wild and scenic rivers, etc.) of the United States and...

  4. Potential impacts of human physical disturbance on benthic communities in tributaries of the Niobrara National Scenic River

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Niobrara National Scenic River is a popular location for tourists to canoe, tube, kayak, swim and fish. The more than 200 waterfalls in the area are a major...

  5. The orality in criminal procedure from the notion of scenic understanding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Rodrigues de Carvalho

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to analyze the textualization of the criminal procedure, to verify how it is opposed to orality, through the notion of scenic understanding (from Winfried Hassemer e Alfred Lorenzer, noting its benefits in the face of textual understanding. Afterwards, it will seek to investigate the effects of these benefits on the principle of contradictory, reaffirming the criminal procedure as eminently accusatory.

  6. Narrative report September, October, November, December, 1961 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Reufge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV...

  7. Narrative report September, October, November, December, 1959 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV...

  8. Narrative report September, October, November, December, 1958 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV...

  9. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1962 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV outlines Refuge accomplishments...

  10. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1959 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, and Easement Refuges - District IV...

  11. Supplement Analysis for the Wildlife Mitigation Program EIS (DOE/EIS-0246/SA-25) - Purchase of Fisher River Conservation Easement (Fiscal Years 2002-2004)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yarde, Richard [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Portland, OR (United States)

    2002-06-11

    BPA proposes to fund a portion of the cost of a conservation easement on 56,400 acres of land along the Fisher River to preclude development and protect riparian habitat. The land is owned by the Plum Creek Timber Company, and Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (MFWP) will own and monitor the perpetual easement. The goal of the project is to protect approximately 142,000 acres owned by Plum Creek Timber Company: 56,400 in the Fisher River valley and 86,000 in the Thompson River valley. The total cost for the easement over 142,000 acres is estimated at around $30 million. BPA will contribute $500,000 toward the smaller parcel in the Fisher River valley, for each of fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004, for a total of $1.5 million. A number of other public and private entities will fund the remainder of the easement, with MFWP contributing the majority. This Supplement Analysis considers BPA’s contribution to the acquisition of the conservation easement only. The conservation easement generally preserves the status quo by prohibiting future subdivision and development. If BPA is involved in future management actions, additional NEPA analysis will be required prior to implementation of those actions.

  12. Effects of streamflows on stream-channel morphology in the eastern Niobrara National Scenic River, Nebraska, 1988–2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaepe, Nathaniel J.; Alexander, Jason S.; Folz-Donahue, Kiernan

    2016-03-09

    The Niobrara River is an important and valuable economic and ecological resource in northern Nebraska that supports ecotourism, recreational boating, wildlife, fisheries, agriculture, and hydroelectric power. Because of its uniquely rich resources, a 122-kilometer reach of the Niobrara River was designated as a National Scenic River in 1991, which has been jointly managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service. To assess how the remarkable qualities of the National Scenic River may change if consumptive uses of water are increased above current levels, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service, initiated an investigation of how stream-channel morphology might be affected by potential decreases in summer streamflows. The study included a 65-kilometer segment in the wide, braided eastern stretch of the Niobrara National Scenic River that provides important nesting habitat for migratory bird species of concern to the Nation.

  13. Identification of environmental, managerial, and sociodemographic correlates of hiker volume on the Florida National Scenic Trail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hochmair, Hartwig H; Cucinella, Joshua; Stein, Taylor V

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the association of environmental, managerial, and sociodemographic variables with hiker volume on the Florida National Scenic Trail. Monthly hiker count data from 43 count stations along the Florida National Scenic Trail were used. For each station the characteristics of the built and natural environment as well as sociodemographic variables were computed within a Geographic Information System based on census, land use, and land cover data, together with managerial data. Counts were performed on access points of the Florida National Scenic Trail located between the panhandle area in the northwest and the Everglades in the south. A total of 34,734 hikers were counted across the 43 stations over 12-month periods for years 2003-2004 and 2008-2009. Hiker volume was measured through infrared counters and registration cards at trail access points. A negative binomial regression with monthly hiker counts as response variable. Positive associations with hiker volume were observed for (population density per hectare) 2 (β  =  .207, p < .02), residential areas (β  =  .041, p < .0003), household income between $25,000 and $49,999 (β  =  .266, p < .0001), household income between $50,000 and $99,999 (β  =  .135, p < .0001), open water (β  =  .135, p < .0001), and station kilometers north (β  =  .003, p < .0001). Negative associations with hiker volume were observed for age <18 (β  =  -.305, p < .0001) and presence of trail fees (β  =  -.583, p < .0001). Positive and negative associations were observed for different categories in categorical variables including prominent vegetation type (p < .0001), trail management agency (p < .0001), and month (p < .0001). The correlates should be considered for the design, planning, and promotion of hiking trails in publicly managed areas to increase hiker volume.

  14. Landscape perception based on personal attributes in determining the scenic beauty of in-stand natural secondary forests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Chen

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to validate factors affecting the in-stand landscape quality and how important each factor was in determining scenic beauty of natural secondary forests. The study was limited to 23 stand-level cases of natural secondary forests in Shen Zhen city in southern China. Typical samples of photographs and public estimations were applied to evaluate scenic beauty inside the natural secondary forests. The major factors were then selected by multiple linear-regression analysis and a model between scenic beauty estimation (SBE values and in-stand landscape features was established. Rise in crown density, fall in plant litter, glow in color of trunk, fall in arbor richness, and rise in visible distance increased scenic beauty values of in-stand landscape. These five factors significantly explained the differences in scenic beauty, and together accounted for 45% of total variance in SBEs. Personal factors (e.g. gender, age and education did not significantly affect the ratings of landscape photos, although variations of landscape quality were affected by some personal factors. Results of this study will assist policymakers, silviculturists and planners in landscape design and management of natural secondary forests in Shenzhen city. People can improve the scenic beauty values by pruning branches and clearing plant litter, which subsequently improve the forest health and contribute to forest recreation.

  15. [Tourism function zoning of Jinyintan Grassland Scenic Area in Qinghai Province based on ecological sensitivity analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Lin-sheng; Tang, Cheng-cai; Guo, Hua

    2010-07-01

    Based on the statistical data of natural ecology and social economy in Jinyintan Grassland Scenic Area in Qinghai Province in 2008, an evaluation index system for the ecological sensitivity of this area was established from the aspects of protected area rank, vegetation type, slope, and land use type. The ecological sensitivity of the sub-areas with higher tourism value and ecological function in the area was evaluated, and the tourism function zoning of these sub-areas was made by the technology of GIS and according to the analysis of eco-environmental characteristics and ecological sensitivity of each sensitive sub-area. It was suggested that the Jinyintan Grassland Scenic Area could be divided into three ecological sensitivity sub-areas (high, moderate, and low), three tourism functional sub-areas (restricted development ecotourism, moderate development ecotourism, and mass tourism), and six tourism functional sub-areas (wetland protection, primitive ecological sightseeing, agriculture and pasture tourism, grassland tourism, town tourism, and rural tourism).

  16. Research publications of the Cascade Head Experimental Forest and Scenic Research Area, Oregon Coast Range, 1934 to 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarah E. Greene; Tawny. Blinn

    1991-01-01

    A list of publications resulting from research at the Cascade Head Experimental Forest and Scenic Research Area, Siuslaw National Forest, Oregon, from 1934 to 1990 is presented. Over 200 publications are listed, including papers, theses, and reports. An index is provided that cross-references the listings under appropriate keywords.

  17. Study of Double-Weighted Graph Model and Optimal Path Planning for Tourist Scenic Area Oriented Intelligent Tour Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Y.; Long, Y.; Wi, X. L.

    2014-04-01

    When tourists visiting multiple tourist scenic spots, the travel line is usually the most effective road network according to the actual tour process, and maybe the travel line is different from planned travel line. For in the field of navigation, a proposed travel line is normally generated automatically by path planning algorithm, considering the scenic spots' positions and road networks. But when a scenic spot have a certain area and have multiple entrances or exits, the traditional described mechanism of single point coordinates is difficult to reflect these own structural features. In order to solve this problem, this paper focuses on the influence on the process of path planning caused by scenic spots' own structural features such as multiple entrances or exits, and then proposes a doubleweighted Graph Model, for the weight of both vertexes and edges of proposed Model can be selected dynamically. And then discusses the model building method, and the optimal path planning algorithm based on Dijkstra algorithm and Prim algorithm. Experimental results show that the optimal planned travel line derived from the proposed model and algorithm is more reasonable, and the travelling order and distance would be further optimized.

  18. A Model to Measure Tourist Preference toward Scenic Spots Based on Social Media Data: A Case of Dapeng in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Sun

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on tourist preference toward different tourism destinations has been a hot topic for decades in the field of tourism development. Tourist preference is mostly measured with small group opinion-based methods through introducing indicator systems in previous studies. In the digital age, e-tourism makes it possible to collect huge volumes of social data produced by tourists from the internet, to establish a new way of measuring tourist preference toward a close group of tourism destinations. This paper introduces a new model using social media data to quantitatively measure the market trend of a group of scenic spots from the angle of tourists’ demand, using three attributes: tourist sentiment orientation, present tourist market shares, and potential tourist awareness. Through data mining, cleaning, and analyzing with the framework of Machine Learning, the relative tourist preference toward 34 scenic spots closely located in the Dapeng Peninsula is calculated. The results not only provide a reliable “A-rating” system to gauge the popularity of different scenic spots, but also contribute an innovative measuring model to support scenic spots planning and policy making in the regional context.

  19. 77 FR 60101 - Boundary Establishment for White Salmon Wild and Scenic River “Lower Segment”, Gifford Pinchot...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... ``Lower Segment'', Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Klickitat County, Washington State AGENCY: Forest... Scenic Rivers Act, the USDA Forest Service, Washington Office, is transmitting the final amended boundary...: USDA Forest Service, Recreation, Yates Building, 14th and Independence Avenues SW., Washington, DC...

  20. Scenic Vistas and the Changing Policy Landscape: Visualizing and Testing the Role of Visual Resources in Ecosystem Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert G. Ribe; Edward T. Armstrong; Paul H. Gobster

    2002-01-01

    The Northwest Forest Plan applies a shift in policy to national forests in the Pacific Northwest, with implications for other public landscapes. This shift offers potentially strong scenic implications for areas that have historically emphasized clearcutting with little visual impact mitigation. These areas will now emphasize biocentric concerns and harvests formed...

  1. [Litterfalls of major forest stands at Baiyunshan scenic spot of Guangzhou].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Shucai; Su, Zhiyao; Gu, Yankun; Xie, Zhengsheng; Liu, Yuexiu

    2003-01-01

    The productions, seasonal dynamics, macronutrient contents and decomposition rates of the litterfalls of four typical stands, e.g., Pinus massoniana plantation, secondary evergreen broadleaved forest, Acacia mangium plantation and Schima superba-Acacia mangium plantation at the scenic Baiyunshan of Guangzhou were studied. The litterfall productions of four stands in 1998 were 8.34, 6.77, 6.31 and 11.54 t.hm-2, respectively. The seasonal dynamics of litterfall amounts demonstrated the single-peak model with the peak period in June and July. The total amounts of macronutrients returned to the forest land by means of litters in the four stands in 1998 were 26.30, 69.81, 54.9 and 152.24 kg.hm-2, respectively. The annual decomposition rates of the litterfalls were 24.4%, 53.4%, 52.4% and 57.4%.

  2. [Effects of tourism disturbance on plant diversity in Qingshan Lake scenic area of Zhejiang Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qing-Bin; You, Wei-Yun; Zhao, Chang-Jie; Wang, Xiang-Wei; Meng-Xiang, Xiu

    2011-02-01

    From May 2007 to June 2008, an investigation was made on the changes of plant community in Qingshan Lake scenic area of Zhejiang Province under the effects of tourism disturbance. With the increase of tourism disturbance, the importance value of the plants was mainly fastened on a few species such as Pinus hwangshanensis, apt to decrease for tree and shrub species and to increase for herb species, and the individuals of the plants increased. The values of richness index (D) and diversity index (H) were in the order of medium disturbance > slight disturbance > severe disturbance, while the evenness index (J) value was in the order of medium disturbance > severe disturbance > slight disturbance. At the same vegetation layers, only a few species such as Cinnamomum camphora existed under different disturbances, and thereby, the similarity index values were smaller than 0.500. Slight disturbance affected coniferous forest most, with the average values of D, H, and J being the lowest (1.188, 1.056, and 0.697, respectively); severe disturbance affected broadleaf forest and shrub-herbage most, with the D value (2.013) of shrub-herbage and the H value (1.286) and J value (0.807) of broadleaf forest being the lowest; while medium disturbance was favorable to the increase of plant diversity and to the normal exertion of ecosystem function. The eco-safety of the structural elements of plant community in the scenic area was threatened to some extent, resulting in the reduction of indigenous species such as Sinocalycanthus chinensis and the incursion of exotic species as Setaria viridis.

  3. 36 CFR 212.8 - Permission to cross lands and easements owned by the United States and administered by the Forest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permission to cross lands and easements owned by the United States and administered by the Forest Service. 212.8 Section 212.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TRAVEL MANAGEMENT Administration of...

  4. Improvements in the Weeding of Levee Slope of Terraced Paddy Fields with Statutory Regulation of Places of Scenic Beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchikawa, Yoshiyuki; Kimura, Kazuhiro; Hirata, Ayumi

    A growing number of terraced paddy fields in Japan are being conserved as cultural assets like places of scenic beauty. This has meant that the task of weeding levee slope of these terraced paddy fields has become increasingly important, not only for general maintenance of the terraced paddy fields, but also because of the impact landscape, vegetation and the surrounding environment. However, the steep gradient of the levee slope and lack of footholds mean that the workability and safety associated with this weeding work is problematic. In addition, in the event that an area has been designated as a cultural asset, there are restrictions regarding how it can be modified and local farmers are reluctant to change their traditional farming methods in such cases. This study therefore sought to clarify the actual condition of the levee slope weeding work undertaken in the places of scenic beauty Obasute Tanada district. Empirical validations of potential measures for reforming the work environment were evaluated based on the findings of this investigation. We demonstrated that it is possible to modify current work practices while still maintaining and preserving the terraced paddy fields, even in designated scenic locations. To improve the working environment for levee slope weeding, we propose creating berms to serve as footholds at the toes of slopes.

  5. Functional Neuroanatomy Associated with Natural and Urban Scenic Views in the Human Brain: 3.0T Functional MR Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Gwang Won; Jeong, Gwang Woo; Kim, Tae Hoon; Baek, Han Su; Oh, Seok Kyun; Kang, Heoung Keun; Lee, Sam Gyu; Kim, Yoon Soo; Song, Jin Kyu [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    By using a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique we assessed brain activation patterns while subjects were viewing the living environments representing natural and urban scenery. A total of 28 healthy right-handed subjects underwent an fMRI on a 3.0 Tesla MRI scanner. The stimulation paradigm consisted of three times the rest condition and two times the activation condition, each of which lasted for 30 and 120 seconds, respectively. During the activation period, each subject viewed natural and urban scenery, respectively. The predominant brain activation areas observed following exposure to natural scenic views in contrast with urban views included the superior and middle frontal gyri, superior parietal gyrus, precuneus, basal ganglia, superior occipital gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and insula. On the other hand, the predominant brain activation areas following exposure to urban scenic views in contrast with natural scenes included the middle and inferior occipital gyri, parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala, anterior temporal pole, and inferior frontal gyrus. Our findings support the idea that the differential functional neuroanatomies for each scenic view are presumably related with subjects emotional responses to the natural and urban environment, and thus the differential functional neuroanatomy can be utilized as a neural index for the evaluation of friendliness in ecological housing

  6. Functional neuroanatomy associated with natural and urban scenic views in the human brain: 3.0T functional MR imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Gwang-Won; Jeong, Gwang-Woo; Kim, Tae-Hoon; Baek, Han-Su; Oh, Seok-Kyun; Kang, Heoung-Keun; Lee, Sam-Gyu; Kim, Yoon Soo; Song, Jin-Kyu

    2010-01-01

    By using a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique we assessed brain activation patterns while subjects were viewing the living environments representing natural and urban scenery. A total of 28 healthy right-handed subjects underwent an fMRI on a 3.0 Tesla MRI scanner. The stimulation paradigm consisted of three times the rest condition and two times the activation condition, each of which lasted for 30 and 120 seconds, respectively. During the activation period, each subject viewed natural and urban scenery, respectively. The predominant brain activation areas observed following exposure to natural scenic views in contrast with urban views included the superior and middle frontal gyri, superior parietal gyrus, precuneus, basal ganglia, superior occipital gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and insula. On the other hand, the predominant brain activation areas following exposure to urban scenic views in contrast with natural scenes included the middle and inferior occipital gyri, parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala, anterior temporal pole, and inferior frontal gyrus. Our findings support the idea that the differential functional neuroanatomies for each scenic view are presumably related with subjects' emotional responses to the natural and urban environment, and thus the differential functional neuroanatomy can be utilized as a neural index for the evaluation of friendliness in ecological housing.

  7. Assessment of conservation easements, total phosphorus, and total suspended solids in West Fork Beaver Creek, Minnesota, 1999-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Victoria G.; Kieta, Kristen A.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined conservation easements and their effectiveness at reducing phosphorus and solids transport to streams. The U.S. Geological Survey cooperated with the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources and worked collaboratively with the Hawk Creek Watershed Project to examine the West Fork Beaver Creek Basin in Renville County, which has the largest number of Reinvest In Minnesota land retirement contracts in the State (as of 2013). Among all conservation easement programs, a total of 24,218 acres of agricultural land were retired throughout Renville County, and 2,718 acres were retired in the West Fork Beaver Creek Basin from 1987 through 2012. Total land retirement increased steadily from 1987 until 2000. In 2000, land retirement increased sharply because of the Minnesota River Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program, then leveled off when the program ended in 2002. Streamflow data were collected during 1999 through 2011, and total phosphorus and total suspended solids data were collected during 1999 through 2012. During this period, the highest peak streamflow of 1,320 cubic feet per second was in March 2010. Total phosphorus and total suspended solids are constituents that tend to increase with increases in streamflow. Annual flow-weighted mean total-phosphorus concentrations ranged from 0.140 to 0.759 milligrams per liter, and annual flow-weighted mean total suspended solids concentrations ranged from 21.3 to 217 milligrams per liter. Annual flow-weighted mean total phosphorus and total suspended solids concentrations decreased steadily during the first 4 years of water-quality sample collection. A downward trend in flow-weighted mean total-phosphorus concentrations was significant from 1999 through 2008; however, flow-weighted total-phosphorus concentrations increased substantially in 2009, and the total phosphorus trend was no longer significant. The high annual flow-weighted mean concentrations for total phosphorus and total suspended solids

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS AND CASE STUDIES: The National Park Service Visual Resource Inventory: Capturing the Historic and Cultural Values of Scenic Views

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, Robert G.; Meyer, Mark E.

    2016-08-30

    Several United States (US) federal agencies have developed visual resource inventory (VRI) and management systems that reflect specific agency missions and visual resource management objectives. These programs have varied in the degree to which they incorporate historic and cultural elements and values into the scenic inventory process. The recent nationwide expansion of renewable energy and associated transmission development is causing an increase in visual impacts on both scenic and historic/cultural resources. This increase has highlighted the need for better integration of visual and historic/cultural resource assessment and management activities for land use planning purposes. The US Department of the Interior National Park Service (NPS), in response to concerns arising from potential scenic impacts from renewable energy, electric transmission, and other types of development on lands and waters near NPS units, has developed a VRI process for high-value views both within and outside NPS unit boundaries. The NPS VRI incorporates historic and cultural elements and values into the scenic resource inventory process and provides practical guidance and metrics for successfully integrating historic and cultural concerns into the NPS’s scenic resource conservation efforts. This article describes the NPS VRI process and compares it with the VRI processes of the US Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management and the US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, with respect to the incorporation of historic and cultural values. The article discusses why a scenic inventory approach that more robustly integrates the historic and cultural values of the landscape is essential for NPS landscapes, and for fulfillment of NPS’s mission. Inventories are underway at many NPS units, and the results indicate that the VRI process can be used successfully to capture important historic and cultural resource information and incorporate that information into the assessment

  9. Between Art and Social Science: Scenic Composition as a Methodological Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Froggett

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The scenic composition (SC is a methodological device enabling the synthesis and articulation of researchers' own complex experiences of events witnessed during data collection. Positioned between art and social science, it makes use of literary conventions to synthesise "experience near" accounts of data for interpretation. This article explains how the SC is composed by drawing on associative thinking and illustrates its use within a specific case study. The conceptual basis of the SC is discussed with reference to the work of LORENZER, WINNICOTT and BION. This is the first study in which four compositions, each by a different researcher, have been used to provide a multi-faceted view of a complex event, a live webcast. The compositions are presented along with researchers' reflections. Common themes and significant differences relating to life situations, histories and dispositions of the researchers emerge. The differences were expressed through choice of literary genres, which are common cultural resources. We ask what was achieved through the use of SCs compared with a thematic analysis of the webcast, and find that apart from synthesising and presentational functions, they give access to a multi-sensory range of researchers' experiences, including unconscious elements which were then available for reflexive interpretation by an interpretation panel. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs140356

  10. Scenic drive landslide of January-March 1998, La Honda, San Mateo County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayko, Angela S.; Rymer, Michael J.; Prentice, Carol S.; Wilson, Ray C.; Wells, Ray E.

    1998-01-01

    The small rural town of La Honda, Calif., is an unincorporated region of San Mateo County situated in the Santa Cruz Mountains in the western part of the San Francisco peninsula. Much of the town is underlain by a previously recognized ancient landslide complex. The ancient slide complex covers about 1.0 to 1.25 km2, parts of which have been historically active. This report describes a recent landslide involving part of Scenic Drive, La Honda, that became active in January 1998. This report does not describe other currently active landslides in La Honda, such as the January 1998 slide on lower Recreation Drive, or the history of sliding in the area. This report concerns the principal morphological features we observed and mapped between 11 February and 21 March 1998 on an enlargement of a 1:7500-scale air photo acquired 6 March 1998 and prior to that on a town property-line map, and by laser survey carried out between 26 February and 8 March. The principal objective of this report is to make available the detailed photographic and topographic base maps and associated description of surface morphological features.

  11. A Practical Approach Based on Analytic Deformable Algorithm for Scenic Image Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Wei-Yen

    2013-01-01

    Image registration is to produce an entire scene by aligning all the acquired image sequences. A registration algorithm is necessary to tolerance as much as possible for intensity and geometric variation among images. However, captured image views of real scene usually produce unexpected distortions. They are generally derived from the optic characteristics of image sensors or caused by the specific scenes and objects. An analytic registration algorithm considering the deformation is proposed for scenic image applications in this study. After extracting important features by the wavelet-based edge correlation method, an analytic registration approach is then proposed to achieve deformable and accurate matching of point sets. Finally, the registration accuracy is further refined to obtain subpixel precision by a feature-based Levenberg-Marquardt (FLM) method. It converges evidently faster than most other methods because of its feature-based characteristic. We validate the performance of proposed method by testing with synthetic and real image sequences acquired by a hand-held digital still camera (DSC) and in comparison with an optical flow-based motion technique in terms of the squared sum of intensity differences (SSD) and correlation coefficient (CC). The results indicate that the proposed method is satisfactory in the registration accuracy and quality of DSC images.

  12. A Practical Approach Based on Analytic Deformable Algorithm for Scenic Image Registration.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Yen Hsu

    Full Text Available Image registration is to produce an entire scene by aligning all the acquired image sequences. A registration algorithm is necessary to tolerance as much as possible for intensity and geometric variation among images. However, captured image views of real scene usually produce unexpected distortions. They are generally derived from the optic characteristics of image sensors or caused by the specific scenes and objects.An analytic registration algorithm considering the deformation is proposed for scenic image applications in this study. After extracting important features by the wavelet-based edge correlation method, an analytic registration approach is then proposed to achieve deformable and accurate matching of point sets. Finally, the registration accuracy is further refined to obtain subpixel precision by a feature-based Levenberg-Marquardt (FLM method. It converges evidently faster than most other methods because of its feature-based characteristic.We validate the performance of proposed method by testing with synthetic and real image sequences acquired by a hand-held digital still camera (DSC and in comparison with an optical flow-based motion technique in terms of the squared sum of intensity differences (SSD and correlation coefficient (CC. The results indicate that the proposed method is satisfactory in the registration accuracy and quality of DSC images.

  13. In-stand scenic beauty of variable retention harvests and mature forests in the U.S. Pacific Northwest: the effects of basal area, density, retention pattern and down wood

    Science.gov (United States)

    R.G. Ribe

    2009-01-01

    Tensions between amenity- and timber-based economies in the U.S. and Canadian Pacific Northwest motivated a study of scenic beauty inside mature forests and timber harvests. A diverse sample of regional forests, measures of forest structure, and large, representative samples of photographs and public judges were employed to measure scenic beauty inside unharvested...

  14. Digital Mapping and Environmental Characterization of National Wild and Scenic River Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Bosnall, Peter [National Park Service; Hetrick, Shelaine L [ORNL; Smith, Brennan T [ORNL

    2013-09-01

    Spatially accurate geospatial information is required to support decision-making regarding sustainable future hydropower development. Under a memorandum of understanding among several federal agencies, a pilot study was conducted to map a subset of National Wild and Scenic Rivers (WSRs) at a higher resolution and provide a consistent methodology for mapping WSRs across the United States and across agency jurisdictions. A subset of rivers (segments falling under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service) were mapped at a high resolution using the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD). The spatial extent and representation of river segments mapped at NHD scale were compared with the prevailing geospatial coverage mapped at a coarser scale. Accurately digitized river segments were linked to environmental attribution datasets housed within the Oak Ridge National Laboratory s National Hydropower Asset Assessment Program database to characterize the environmental context of WSR segments. The results suggest that both the spatial scale of hydrography datasets and the adherence to written policy descriptions are critical to accurately mapping WSRs. The environmental characterization provided information to deduce generalized trends in either the uniqueness or the commonness of environmental variables associated with WSRs. Although WSRs occur in a wide range of human-modified landscapes, environmental data layers suggest that they provide habitats important to terrestrial and aquatic organisms and recreation important to humans. Ultimately, the research findings herein suggest that there is a need for accurate, consistent, mapping of the National WSRs across the agencies responsible for administering each river. Geospatial applications examining potential landscape and energy development require accurate sources of information, such as data layers that portray realistic spatial representations.

  15. Predicting the visual quality impacts of development: a simulation of alternative policies for implementing the Massachusetts Scenic and Recreational Rivers Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carl Steinitz

    1979-01-01

    An implementation work program has been de-veloped by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management (MASS D.E.M.) for the Massachusetts Scenic and Recreational Rivers Act, and the North River has been chosen as the pilot project area. The question which has been posed by MASS D.E.M. is: "What will be the impacts of eleven alternative implementation...

  16. Applications of the SCENIC code package to the minority ion-cyclotron heating in Wendelstein 7-X plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faustin, J. M.; Cooper, W. A.; Geiger, J.; Graves, J. P.; Pfefferlé, D.

    2015-12-01

    We present SCENIC simulations of a W7X 4He plasma with 1% H minority and with an antenna model close to the design foreseen for the W7X ICRF antenna [1, 2]. A high mirror and a standard equilibrium are considered. The injected wave frequency is fixed at 33.8 MHz and 39.6MHz respectively and only fundamental minority heating is considered. Included in this calculation is a new realistic model of the antenna, where it is found that the localization of the antenna geometry tends to break the five-fold periodicity of the system. We assess the heat transfer through the toroidal periods via Coulomb collisions.

  17. Applications of the SCENIC code package to the minority ion-cyclotron heating in Wendelstein 7-X plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faustin, J. M., E-mail: jonathan.faustin@epfl.ch; Cooper, W. A.; Graves, J. P.; Pfefferlé, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas (CRPP), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Geiger, J. [Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany)

    2015-12-10

    We present SCENIC simulations of a W7X 4He plasma with 1% H minority and with an antenna model close to the design foreseen for the W7X ICRF antenna [1, 2]. A high mirror and a standard equilibrium are considered. The injected wave frequency is fixed at 33.8 MHz and 39.6MHz respectively and only fundamental minority heating is considered. Included in this calculation is a new realistic model of the antenna, where it is found that the localization of the antenna geometry tends to break the five-fold periodicity of the system. We assess the heat transfer through the toroidal periods via Coulomb collisions.

  18. Research on Scenic Spot’s Sustainable Development Based on a SD Model: A Case Study of the Jiuzhai Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhixue Liao

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the field of tourism, the development of tourist attractions is playing an increasingly crucial role in tourism economy, regional economy and national economy. However, the eco-environment has been damaged while tourism industry develops rapidly. Thus, to solve the contradiction between tourism development and eco-environment protection is the key to achieving sustainable development of tourism. This paper builds a SD model, which is based on the analysis of the economic subsystem and environment subsystem, to promote sustainable development. In order to show the effectiveness of the model, Jiuzhai Valley is taken as the research object and a decisive basis is provided for the path adjustment of sustainable development in tourist scenic.

  19. Trails, Other, Major multi-use recreation trails in Washington County including the Ice Age National Scenic Trail and the Eisenbahn State Trail., Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Washington County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Trails, Other dataset current as of 2013. Major multi-use recreation trails in Washington County including the Ice Age National Scenic Trail and the Eisenbahn State...

  20. National Park Service Vegetation Mapping Inventory Program: Appalachian National Scenic Trail vegetation mapping project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hop, Kevin D.; Strassman, Andrew C.; Hall, Mark; Menard, Shannon; Largay, Ery; Sattler, Stephanie; Hoy, Erin E.; Ruhser, Janis; Hlavacek, Enrika; Dieck, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    The National Park Service (NPS) Vegetation Mapping Inventory (VMI) Program classifies, describes, and maps existing vegetation of national park units for the NPS Natural Resource Inventory and Monitoring (I&M) Program. The NPS VMI Program is managed by the NPS I&M Division and provides baseline vegetation information to the NPS Natural Resource I&M Program. The U.S. Geological Survey Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, NatureServe, NPS Northeast Temperate Network, and NPS Appalachian National Scenic Trail (APPA) have completed vegetation classification and mapping of APPA for the NPS VMI Program.Mappers, ecologists, and botanists collaborated to affirm vegetation types within the U.S. National Vegetation Classification (USNVC) of APPA and to determine how best to map the vegetation types by using aerial imagery. Analyses of data from 1,618 vegetation plots were used to describe USNVC associations of APPA. Data from 289 verification sites were collected to test the field key to vegetation associations and the application of vegetation associations to a sample set of map polygons. Data from 269 validation sites were collected to assess vegetation mapping prior to submitting the vegetation map for accuracy assessment (AA). Data from 3,265 AA sites were collected, of which 3,204 were used to test accuracy of the vegetation map layer. The collective of these datasets affirmed 280 USNVC associations for the APPA vegetation mapping project.To map the vegetation and land cover of APPA, 169 map classes were developed. The 169 map classes consist of 150 that represent natural (including ruderal) vegetation types in the USNVC, 11 that represent cultural (agricultural and developed) vegetation types in the USNVC, 5 that represent natural landscapes with catastrophic disturbance or some other modification to natural vegetation preventing accurate classification in the USNVC, and 3 that represent nonvegetated water (non-USNVC). Features were interpreted from viewing 4

  1. Landscape Aesthetics and the Scenic Drivers of Amenity Migration in the New West: Naturalness, Visual Scale, and Complexity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Vukomanovic

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Values associated with scenic beauty are common “pull factors” for amenity migrants, however the specific landscape features that attract amenity migration are poorly understood. In this study we focused on three visual quality metrics of the intermountain West (USA, with the objective of exploring the relationship between the location of exurban homes and aesthetic landscape preference, as exemplified through greenness, viewshed size, and terrain ruggedness. Using viewshed analysis, we compared the viewsheds of actual exurban houses to the viewsheds of randomly-distributed simulated (validation houses. We found that the actual exurban households can see significantly more vegetation and a more rugged (complex terrain than simulated houses. Actual exurban homes see a more rugged terrain, but do not necessarily see the highest peaks, suggesting that visual complexity throughout the viewshed may be more important. The viewsheds visible from the actual exurban houses were significantly larger than those visible from the simulated houses, indicating that visual scale is important to the general aesthetic experiences of exurbanites. The differences in visual quality metric values between actual exurban and simulated viewsheds call into question the use of county-level scales of analysis for the study of landscape preferences, which may miss key landscape aesthetic drivers of preference.

  2. Experiential Benefits, Place Meanings, and Environmental Setting Preferences Between Proximate and Distant Visitors to a National Scenic Trail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kil, Namyun; Holland, Stephen M.; Stein, Taylor V.

    2015-05-01

    Effective management of conserved natural areas often requires a good understanding of recreation visitors who possess various values for those areas. This study examined differences in experiential benefits sought, place meanings, and environmental setting preferences between proximate and distant visitors to a publicly managed national scenic trail, which transects a variety of conserved public lands. Data were collected using on-site post-hike interviews with visitors at low, moderate, and high use trailheads. Proximate visitors sought mental and physical health more strongly than distant visitors, while distant visitors sought environmental exploration more strongly than proximate visitors. No significant difference in family bonding and achievement benefits existed between the two groups. Meanings related to place dependence, family identity, community identity, and place identity were more strongly ascribed by proximate visitors, and both groups rated ecological integrity meanings highly. Distant visitors showed stronger tendencies toward preferring a lesser level of trail development, lower level of encounters with other groups, and higher level of natural landscapes, which indicated an inclination toward natural settings. These findings indicate a managerially relevant role of the degree of proximity to environmental resources on individuals' recreation behaviors, meanings ascribed to the resources and setting conditions. Understanding differences and similarities between groups dichotomized by proximity to natural resources should advance more effective management of recreation and benefit opportunities for diverse visitor groups.

  3. Geological and Geophysical Study of the Hidalgo´s Scenic View South Hillside in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dena-Ornelas O.S.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Geologic risks are associated to the different processes inherited by the dynamic condition of the natural environment. Often, these processes have reached a natural state of equilibrium or stability. Nevertheless, in some instances human activity interferes with the natural order, modifying the existing equilibrium or balance state. Such is the example of some geologic rock outcrops, originally generated under pressure and temperature conditions, different from the ones found at the surface of the earth. These outcrops, when subjected to surface atmospheric conditions experience a sudden release of large forces associated to the potential energy accumulated over long periods of time (thousands to millions of years. The goal of this study is to focus on the anthropogenic disequilibrium induced over a segment of the Sierra de Juarez, consequence of the removal of large rock masses in the construction of a scenic point (Mirador Hidalgo and a traversing highway (Camino Real. The applied methodology consisted in the integration through a Geographic Information System (GIS of high-resolution topographic maps, terrain analysis, geologic mapping, electric resistivity tomography and time domain electromagnetic soundings as a mean to evaluate the potential hazard that the Mirador Hidalgo represents in terms of an arbitrary Geologic Susceptibility Index (GSI. Based on the obtained results, a series of immediate actions are proposed, which are to be considered in order to avoid continuing damage to the highway infrastructure as well as the potential loss of human lives.

  4. Genetoxicity of water samples from the scenic Lijang river in the Guilin area, China, evaluated by Tradescantia bioassays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Y G; Yu, Z D; Liu, G Z; Chen, R Z; Peng, G Y

    1999-05-19

    The Lijang river which passes through the Guilin mountains, and Guilin city is a world renowned scenic spot on the southwest border of China. The river and its tributaries receive water from the mountain tops and springs underground. The river water was clean two decades ago before the development of industrial establishments and extra heavy tourism. Deforestation over the mountain tops on the upper stream and its tributaries in the last decades has created serious erosion and increased sedimentation in the river. In the present study, the Tradescantia micronucleus (Trad-MCN) and Tradescantia stamen hair mutation (Trad-SHM) assays were used to evaluate the genetoxicity of water samples collected from 60 different sites along the river. Results indicate that most of the water samples from the tributaries were highly mutagenic, and that pollutants had accumulated in the main river in the Guilin city area from the industrial effluent and city sewage. Both the Trad-MCN and Trad-SHM assays were highly effective for the detection of mutagens in the water samples. Copyright 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

  5. Conservation Lands and Preserves, Agricultural, Rural Legacy Easements & Area Boundary: The most common use is for the interpretation of land protected with the Rural Legacy program. The Rural Legacy Area protects farmland, forests and Civil War sites, within view of the Washington Monument State Park,, Published in 2008, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Washington County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Conservation Lands and Preserves, Agricultural dataset current as of 2008. Rural Legacy Easements & Area Boundary: The most common use is for the interpretation...

  6. Relationship between Forest Color Characteristics and Scenic Beauty: Case Study Analyzing Pictures of Mountainous Forests at Sloped Positions in Jiuzhai Valley, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe Zhang

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Forests are important place for outdoor recreation and scenery appreciation. So in order to better meet the needs of the public, forest appreciation has received increasing attention from foresters in recent years. However, related research is still limited. Therefore, this paper seeks to examine the relationship between forest colors (measured by specific elements and spatial indices of color and Scenic Beauty Estimation values. We researched Jiuzhai Valley in China by selecting 104 pictures to determine the scenic beauty estimation values of forests in a mountainous region. Quantitative color elements were extracted by programming on Matlab, and spatial indices of color patches were extracted by ArcGIS and FRAGSTATS. A total of 23 indices were obtained to explain the color characteristics of each forest picture. The results showed that the yellow and red colors were the main mutable colors of Jiuzhai Valley in autumn, but the color patches index had no significant change over time in that season. After partial correlation analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis, we found that 14 color elements, eight color patch factors and six particular indices had an effect on the SBE values, which can then be used to efficiently measure and enhance the forest color beauty of Jiuzhai Valley.

  7. A expressão cênica como elemento facilitador da performance no coro juvenil Scenic expression as a facilitator in the youth choir performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Costa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo nasceu do desejo de pesquisar e divulgar este excelente veículo facilitador do canto coral - sobretudo para adolescentes - que é a expressão cênica. Tal recurso vem oferecer uma gama maior de possibilidades criativas e soluções originais para o desenvolvimento da linguagem coral, além de instigar os envolvidos ao exercício do autoconhecimento. Este trabalho é parte de pesquisa do Mestrado em Música desenvolvido na UNIRIO.The present paper results from the need to research and promote scenic expression as an ideal facilitator for singing, especially among adolescents. It may offer a wider range of creative possibilities and original solutions for the development of the choral language, besides encouraging the exercise of self-knowledge. This paper is part of a Masters Degree in Music research developed at UNIRIO (Brazil.

  8. Digital geologic map data for the Ozark National Scenic Riverways and adjacent areas along the Current River and Jacks Fork, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weary, David J.; Orndorff, Randall C.; Harrison, Richard W.; Weems, Robert E.

    2016-09-23

    The geology of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways (ONSR) in southern Missouri has been mapped at 1:24,000 scale. This endeavor was achieved through the combined efforts of U.S. Geological Survey and Missouri Geological Survey individual quadrangle mapping and additional fieldwork by the authors of this report. Geologic data covering the area of the ONSR and a 1-mile (1.6-kilometer) buffer zone surrounding the park, as well as geologic data from a few key adjoining areas, have been compiled into a single, seamless geographic information system database. The intent is to provide base geologic information for natural science research and land management in the park and surrounding areas. The data are served online at ScienceBase (https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/), where they are provided in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) file geodatabase format, and are accompanied by metadata files. These data can be accessed at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7CJ8BKB. Additional detailed geologic information about the ONSR and surrounding areas is available in the separate 1:24,000-scale quadrangle maps and in a 1:100,000-scale map and report on the regional geology.

  9. Climate impact of supersonic air traffic: an approach to optimize a potential future supersonic fleet ─ results from the EU-project SCENIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.S.A. Isaksen

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The demand for intercontinental transportation is increasing and people are requesting short travel times, which supersonic air transportation would enable. However, besides noise and sonic boom issues, which we are not referring to in this investigation, emissions from supersonic aircraft are known to alter the atmospheric composition, in particular the ozone layer, and hence affect climate significantly more than subsonic aircraft. Here, we suggest a metric to quantitatively assess different options for supersonic transport with regard to the potential destruction of the ozone layer and climate impacts. Options for fleet size, engine technology (nitrogen oxide emission level, cruising speed, range, and cruising altitude, are analyzed, based on SCENIC emission scenarios for 2050, which underlay the requirements to be as realistic as possible in terms of e.g., economic markets and profitable market penetration. This methodology is based on a number of atmosphere-chemistry and climate models to reduce model dependencies. The model results differ significantly in terms of the response to a replacement of subsonic aircraft by supersonic aircraft, e.g., concerning the ozone impact. However, model differences are smaller when comparing the different options for a supersonic fleet. Those uncertainties were taken into account to make sure that our findings are robust. The base case scenario, where supersonic aircraft get in service in 2015, a first fleet fully operational in 2025 and a second in 2050, leads in our simulations to a near surface temperature increase in 2050 of around 7 mK and with constant emissions afterwards to around 21 mK in 2100. The related total radiative forcing amounts to 22 mWm2 in 2050, with an uncertainty between 9 and 29 mWm2. A reduced supersonic cruise altitude or speed (from Mach 2 to Mach 1.6 reduces both, climate impact and ozone destruction, by around 40%. An increase in the range of the supersonic aircraft leads to

  10. Climate impact of supersonic air traffic: an approach to optimize a potential future supersonic fleet - results from the EU-project SCENIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grewe, V.; Stenke, A.; Ponater, M.; Sausen, R.; Pitari, G.; Iachetti, D.; Rogers, H.; Dessens, O.; Pyle, J.; Isaksen, I. S. A.; Gulstad, L.; Søvde, O. A.; Marizy, C.; Pascuillo, E.

    2007-10-01

    The demand for intercontinental transportation is increasing and people are requesting short travel times, which supersonic air transportation would enable. However, besides noise and sonic boom issues, which we are not referring to in this investigation, emissions from supersonic aircraft are known to alter the atmospheric composition, in particular the ozone layer, and hence affect climate significantly more than subsonic aircraft. Here, we suggest a metric to quantitatively assess different options for supersonic transport with regard to the potential destruction of the ozone layer and climate impacts. Options for fleet size, engine technology (nitrogen oxide emission level), cruising speed, range, and cruising altitude, are analyzed, based on SCENIC emission scenarios for 2050, which underlay the requirements to be as realistic as possible in terms of e.g., economic markets and profitable market penetration. This methodology is based on a number of atmosphere-chemistry and climate models to reduce model dependencies. The model results differ significantly in terms of the response to a replacement of subsonic aircraft by supersonic aircraft, e.g., concerning the ozone impact. However, model differences are smaller when comparing the different options for a supersonic fleet. Those uncertainties were taken into account to make sure that our findings are robust. The base case scenario, where supersonic aircraft get in service in 2015, a first fleet fully operational in 2025 and a second in 2050, leads in our simulations to a near surface temperature increase in 2050 of around 7 mK and with constant emissions afterwards to around 21 mK in 2100. The related total radiative forcing amounts to 22 mWm2 in 2050, with an uncertainty between 9 and 29 mWm2. A reduced supersonic cruise altitude or speed (from Mach 2 to Mach 1.6) reduces both, climate impact and ozone destruction, by around 40%. An increase in the range of the supersonic aircraft leads to more emissions at

  11. Socialization, Language, and Scenic Understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling; Weber, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    between social sciences and psychology/psychoanalysis. It presents the background in his materialist socialization theory, which combines a social reinterpretation of the core insights in classical psychoanalysis – the unconscious, the drives – with a theory of language acquisition. His methodology...

  12. Socialization, Language, and Scenic Understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling; Weber, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    e ideas clave – formas de interacción, engramas, experiencia, simbolización, juego del lenguaje, imaginación utópica – con una mirada a las conexiones de teoría social a la escuela de Frankfurt. El procedimiento de la interpretación práctica basada en una investigación psicosocial de LORENZER, es...... socialmente producida aparece como una alternativa psicosocial a la corriente principal del constructivismo social. Deutsch: Sozialisation, Sprache und szenisches Verstehen. Alfred Lorenzers Beitrag zu einer psychosozialen Methodologie Henning Salling Olesen, Kirsten Weber Abstract Der Artikel führt in Alfred...

  13. Characterization of major-ion chemistry and nutrients in headwater streams along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail and within adjacent watersheds, Maine to Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argue, Denise M.; Pope, Jason P.; Dieffenbach, Fred

    2012-01-01

    An inventory of water-quality data on field parameters, major ions, and nutrients provided a summary of water quality in headwater (first- and second-order) streams within watersheds along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail (Appalachian Trail). Data from 1,817 sampling sites in 831 catchments were used for the water-quality summary. Catchment delineations from NHDPlus were used as the fundamental geographic units for this project. Criteria used to evaluate sampling sites for inclusion were based on selected physical attributes of the catchments adjacent to the Appalachian Trail, including stream elevation, percentage of developed land cover, and percentage of agricultural land cover. The headwater streams of the Appalachian Trail are generally dilute waters, with low pH, low acid neutralizing capacity (ANC), and low concentrations of nutrients. The median pH value was slightly acidic at 6.7; the median specific conductance value was 23.6 microsiemens per centimeter, and the median ANC value was 98.7 milliequivalents per liter (μeq/L). Median concentrations of cations (calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium) were each less than 1.5 milligrams per liter (mg/L), and median concentrations of anions (bicarbonate, chloride, fluoride, sulfate, and nitrate) were less than 10 mg/L. Differences in water-quality constituent levels along the Appalachian Trail may be related to elevation, atmospheric deposition, geology, and land cover. Spatial variations were summarized by ecological sections (ecosections) developed by the U.S. Forest Service. Specific conductance, pH, ANC, and concentrations of major ions (calcium, chloride, magnesium, sodium, and sulfate) were all negatively correlated with elevation. The highest elevation ecosections (White Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, and Allegheny Mountains) had the lowest pH, ANC, and concentrations of major ions. The lowest elevation ecosections (Lower New England and Hudson Valley) generally had the highest pH, ANC, and

  14. Geohydrologic Investigations and Landscape Characteristics of Areas Contributing Water to Springs, the Current River, and Jacks Fork, Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugel, Douglas N.; Richards, Joseph M.; Schumacher, John G.

    2009-01-01

    The Ozark National Scenic Riverways (ONSR) is a narrow corridor that stretches for approximately 134 miles along the Current River and Jacks Fork in southern Missouri. Most of the water flowing in the Current River and Jacks Fork is discharged to the rivers from springs within the ONSR, and most of the recharge area of these springs is outside the ONSR. This report describes geohydrologic investigations and landscape characteristics of areas contributing water to springs and the Current River and Jacks Fork in the ONSR. The potentiometric-surface map of the study area for 2000-07 shows that the groundwater divide extends beyond the surface-water divide in some places, notably along Logan Creek and the northeastern part of the study area, indicating interbasin transfer of groundwater between surface-water basins. A low hydraulic gradient occurs in much of the upland area west of the Current River associated with areas of high sinkhole density, which indicates the presence of a network of subsurface karst conduits. The results of a low base-flow seepage run indicate that most of the discharge in the Current River and Jacks Fork was from identified springs, and a smaller amount was from tributaries whose discharge probably originated as spring discharge, or from springs or diffuse groundwater discharge in the streambed. Results of a temperature profile conducted on an 85-mile reach of the Current River indicate that the lowest average temperatures were within or downstream from inflows of springs. A mass-balance on heat calculation of the discharge of Bass Rock Spring, a previously undescribed spring, resulted in an estimated discharge of 34.1 cubic feet per second (ft3/s), making it the sixth largest spring in the Current River Basin. The 13 springs in the study area for which recharge areas have been estimated accounted for 82 percent (867 ft3/s of 1,060 ft3/s) of the discharge of the Current River at Big Spring during the 2006 seepage run. Including discharge from

  15. Identification of scenically preferred forest landscapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberta C. Patey; Richard M. Evans

    1979-01-01

    This study identified manipulated forest landscapes with a low understory shrub density as being esthetic-ally preferred over non-manipulated, dense understory landscapes. This landscape pattern was identified both qualitatively, by preference ratings of respondents, and quantitatively, by measuring the physical components of each landscape. Forest sites were selected...

  16. An NFC-based Scenic Service System

    OpenAIRE

    Jie Ma; Jinlong E

    2014-01-01

    Based on the characteristics that NFC devices can read and write specific tags and readers, three programs are proposed using NFC mobile phones to interact with the deployed tags and readers for acquiring information of the current attraction and attractions nearby. A kind of check-in and scoring mechanism is also designed which can be efficient and effective for users to upload scores for popular attractions recommendation, and its correctness has been verified by formula derivation. Then a ...

  17. North Dakota Easement District #2 : Narrative Reports : January - April 1947

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to April 1947 for Lake Ardoch, Billings Lake, Buffalo Lake, Brumba Lake, Johnson Lake, Kelly's Slough, Lac Aux...

  18. North Dakota Easement District #2 : Narrative Reports : January - April 1946

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to April 1946 for Lake Ardoch, Billings Lake, Buffalo Lake, Brumba Lake, Johnson Lake, Kelly's Slough, Lac Aux...

  19. 7 CFR 625.11 - Easement participation requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... habitat for listed species within a forest ecosystem's functions and values. (b) For the duration of its..., successors and assigns, shall cooperate in the restoration, protection, enhancement, maintenance, and... CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM § 625.11...

  20. Narrative report calendar year 1969 Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Shell Lake Easement Refuge, and McLean Easement Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1969 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing...

  1. Visual land-use compatibility and scenic-resource quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    William G. Hendrix

    1977-01-01

    The effect that land-use relationships have upon perceived quality of the visual landscape is discussed, and a case is made for expansion of fit-misfit theory into what has been called visual land-use compatibility. An assessment methodology that was designed to test people's perceptions of land-use relationships is presented and the results are discussed.

  2. Scenic beauty estimation model: predicting perceived beauty of forest landscapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terry C. Daniel; Herbert Schroeder

    1979-01-01

    An important activity in any land-use planning process is prediction of the consequences of alternative management approaches. Alternative plans must be com-pared in terms of their respective costs (economic and environmental) and benefits (in market and non-market values) if rational choice among them is to be made. The purpose of this paper is to describe a model for...

  3. FROM 'FOLKISM' TO PERFORMANCE: A NEW SCENIC STRATEGY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    process that exist between the actors and audience. Keywords: Folkism, Audience integration, Akpakaland, Nigerian folkloric performance. Introduction. There have been a lot of controversies about finding a comprehensive theatrical principle to define and integrate Nigerian audience into performances over the past few ...

  4. 36 CFR 7.83 - Ozark National Scenic Riverways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... its management or understanding of riverways resources. (ii) (c) Commercial Activities. The activities... solicitation of any business, employment, occupation, profession, trade, work or undertaking, which is engaged...

  5. From 'folkism' to performance: a new scenic strategy for audience ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The performances of plays based on 'Folkism' are not accessible to the general audience due to the kind of staging techniques used for the performances of these plays. Instead of attaining total audience integration, the audience is alienated and estranged because of a natural gulf that exists in the proscenium theatre.

  6. Environmental assessment proposal to designate Modoc volcanic scenic byway

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Modoc, Shasta-Trinity, and Klamath national forests (US Forest Service), Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge (US Fish and Wildlife Service), and Lava Beds...

  7. North Dakota Easement Refuges District #3 : Narrative Report : May - August 1947

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during May - August 1947 for Willow Lake, Lords Lake, School Section Lake, Rabb (Raab) Lake, Cottonwood Lake, Sheyenne Lake,...

  8. Gaps Analysis of Albanian and International Legislation on Easement: Legal Prospect

    OpenAIRE

    ALDA TAKA; FERDI BRAHUSHI; REDI BASHA; BESNIK LESKAJ; BAHRI MUSABELLIU; SULEJMAN SULÇE

    2015-01-01

    The private property in Albania was reduced for 50 years and became mainly public. The ownership rights were insignificant for individuals or private institutions that asked for land and other uses of space. Except excomunist states and England where the land belonged to the state (to the Crown in the case of England), the land was private since in the middle age, in all other countries. In this context, the ownership right on private property was not known in Albania until the 90...

  9. Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge and Karner Blue Butterfly Conservation Easement: Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge...

  10. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : January to December 1951

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to December 1951 for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake Patricia,...

  11. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : January to December 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to December 1952 for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake Patricia,...

  12. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : January to December 1953

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to December 1953 for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake Patricia,...

  13. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : January to December 1954

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to December 1954 for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake Patricia,...

  14. Narrative report 1972 Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge and Shell Lake Easement Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1972 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing...

  15. Archaeological Test Sampling of Sites within the La Quinta Flood Control Channel Easement,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    activities, contact was made with the Agua Caliente Tribal Council in Palm Springs, California. It was found that Mr. Anthony Andreas, Tribal...Sea, Agua Grande, Lake La Conte) but this report will follow the lead of Wilke and Lawton (1975) and use the designation ’Lake Cahuilla’. The most...present City of Indio, 115 miles southwards, across the international border, into Mexico . Its maximum width was roughly 34 miles and it achieved a

  16. Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge North Platte Easement Refuge: Annual Narrative Report, 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report begins by...

  17. Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge North Platte Easement Refuge: Annual Narrative Report, 1969

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1969 calendar year. A memorandum from the...

  18. Archaeological Reconnaissance in the 50 Year Flood Easement Lands. Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    the field investigations, Dr. Hank Groves, a retired USGS geologist whose specialty is paleozoic carbonates and cherts of the mid-continent region, was...and amateur artifact collecting. In addition, even when a site is readily visible and apparently undisturbed, the possibility exists that a large...His skills include historical and archival research and lithic and ceramic analysis. Paul V. Heinrich, Geologist and Geomorphologist, received a B.S. in

  19. Narrative report September, October, November, December, 1946 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1946. The report begins by summarizing...

  20. 76 FR 54730 - Rubicon Trail Easement, Eldorado National Forest, Pacific Ranger District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... erosion and sedimentation. In July 2004, the El Dorado County Board of Supervisors issued a state of local... facilities along the Rubicon Trail at Spider Lake or Buck Island Reservoir primitive camping areas. Once in...

  1. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1946 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1946. The report begins by summarizing the...

  2. Implications of the cognitive dimension of art in artistic scenic education. Some contributions for the teacher in scenic arts at the high school level.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Merchan Price

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work we explore the contributions proposed by Arthur Efland (especially those of his book Art and Cognition, with the aim of broadening the statements of the academic programmes in performing arts as a curriculum area in the scholar plan, and also within the frame of teacher training. In this perspective, we consider the concept of cognition towards those experiences and subsequent learning in which the body plays a central role as mediator in the process of understanding of the world itself. We also discuss during the analysis the role of the emotions in thought processes. In this sense, we propose to use this new perspective of complementary interaction between the emotional and intellectual dimensions to discuss the concepts of creation, appreciation and understanding, typical of artistic fields and their teaching. We propose this complementary interaction as a fundamental process of the encounter of arts, in the dynamics of development in the school. In the conclusions, we open the possibility of a need to redefine the conceptual axes to train teachers in performing arts, articulating specific disciplinary knowledge of performing arts with the needs of the scholar project itself, particularly those linked to the social and individual development of the person in the frame of basic and intermediate school.

  3. A Report on the Scenic Design for Seussical the Musical, the Scenic Design for The Three Musketeers, and the Costume Design for Step on a Crack

    OpenAIRE

    Burdzy, Andrea Lyman

    2012-01-01

    It isn't often that a man as beloved as Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, comes along. Dr. Seuss wrote more than 60 books in his lifetime, many of which have become classics in the world of children’s literature. His poetic tongue twisters and inventive illustrations have become iconic to several generations of children all over the world. Dr. Seuss' books are not only fun and full of imagination, but more often than not they teach powerful lessons of self-confidence, kindness,...

  4. Geologic context of large karst springs and caves in the Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weary, David J.; Orndorff, Randall C.

    2016-01-01

    The ONSR is a karst park, containing many springs and caves. The “jewels” of the park are large springs, several of first magnitude, that contribute significantly to the flow and water quality of the Current River and its tributaries. Completion of 1:24,000-scale geologic mapping of the park and surrounding river basin, along with synthesis of published hydrologic data, allows us to examine the spatial relationships between the springs and the geologic framework to develop a conceptual model for genesis of these springs. Based on their similarity to mapped spring conduits, many of the caves in the ONSR are fossil conduit segments. Therefore, geologic control on the evolution of the springs also applies to speleogenesis in this part of the southern Missouri Ozarks.Large springs occur in the ONSR area because: (1) the Ozark aquifer, from which they rise, is chiefly dolomite affected by solution via various processes over a long time period, (2) Paleozoic hypogenic fluid migration through these rocks exploited and enhanced flow-paths, (3) a consistent and low regional dip of the rocks off of the Salem Plateau (less than 2° to the southeast) allows integration of flow into large groundwater basins with a few discreet outlets, (4) the springs are located where the rivers have cut down into structural highs, allowing access to water from stratigraphic units deeper in the aquifer thus allowing development of springsheds that have volumetrically larger storage than smaller springs higher in the section, and (5) quartz sandstone and bedded chert in the carbonate stratigraphic succession that are locally to regionally continuous, serve as aquitards that locally confine groundwater up dip of the springs creating artesian conditions. This subhorizontal partitioning of the Ozark aquifer allows contributing areas for different springs to overlap, as evidenced by dye traces that cross adjacent groundwater basin boundaries, and possibly contributes to alternate flow routes under different groundwater flow regimes.A better understanding of the 3-dimensional hydrogeologic framework for the large spring systems in the ONSR allows more precise mapping of the contributing areas for those springs, will guide future studies of groundwater flow paths, and inform development of groundwater resource management strategies for the park.

  5. Spatial Vegetation Data for Ozark National Scenic Riverways Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — High resolution vegetation polygons mapped by the National Park Service. This is a map of vegetation associations with 49- and 33-class maps (see table tVegMapInfo...

  6. 77 FR 1723 - Notice of Availability, Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... mouth of the Potomac River and the Allegheny Highlands in western Pennsylvania. Based on extensive... recreation, non-motorized transportation, education and/or heritage tourism. The Foundation assembles in one...

  7. 78 FR 5490 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Tuolumne Wild and Scenic River Comprehensive Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    .... These included all-tribes meetings, public work sessions to parallel planning team work sessions (known...-chart notes), and over 4,000 individual comments. From 2006-2010 over 127 public meetings, presentations...

  8. Theatre the most communicating form of consciousness, scenic convention, its inevitable relationship with the spectator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rozina Kostani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the problem of the spectators is the most important and hard one to confront. We see that the regular spectator is not that much lively and surely not that much loyal, therefore we go towards young spectators. It is true that the younger the spectator, the more vivid and spontaneous his reactions are and it is also true that what keeps the youth away from theatre is bad theater. Willing to have more spectators we often find ourselves trying in diferent ways, such as: you should come tonight, it will be fun...In one way all kinds of seductions towards the spectators flirt dangerously with the same proposal- come and be part of the good life, which is good and so must be because it contains the best. The thing is not just to attract the spectator, that is not enough. The hardest part is to create works that breed in him undeniable hunger and thirst. To what point does the form accept the artificiality? This is one of the biggest problem we barge today and will barge for a long time. By approving to ourselves the grotesque masks, exaggerated make-up, precious costumes, declamations, borrowed movements from ballet, we will never get out of the routine of traditional theatral art.

  9. Metabolic Influence of Psychrophilic Diatoms on Travertines at the Huanglong Natural Scenic District of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiyong Sun

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Diatoms are a highly diversified group of algae that are widely distributed in aquatic ecosystems, and various species have different nutrient and temperature requirements for optimal growth. Here, we describe unusual psychrophilic diatoms of Cymbella in a travertine deposition environment in southwestern China in winter season. Travertine surfaces are colonized by these psychrophilic diatoms, which form biofilms of extracellular polysaccharide substances (EPS with active metabolic activities in extremely cold conditions. The travertine in Huanglong, is a typical single crystalline calcite with anisotropic lattice distortions of unit cell parameters along axes of a and c, and this structure is suggestive of some level of metabolic mediation on mineralization. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS results further confirmed the occurrence of biogenic distortion of the crystal lattice of travertine calcite. Overall, our results imply that the metabolic influence of psychrophilic diatoms may be particularly important for promoting formation and dissolution of travertine in extremely cold environments of Huanglong. The EPS of psychrophilic diatoms will protect travertine from HCO3− etching and provide template for forming travertine when water re-flowing, in warm season.

  10. Bacillus wudalianchiensis sp. nov., isolated from grass soils of the Wudalianchi scenic area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bo; Liu, Guo-Hong; Sengonca, Cetin; Schumann, Peter; Wang, Jie-Ping; Zhu, Yu-Jing; Zhang, Hai-Feng

    2017-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium, designated FJAT-27215T, was isolated from grass soil collected from Wudalianchi in the Heilongjiang Province of China. Growth was observed at 10-60 °C (optimum 30 °C), in 0 and 3.0 % NaCl (optimum 0 %) and at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum 7.0), respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the isoprenoid quinone was MK7. The main fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, and iso-C16 : 0. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidyl ethanolamine. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences affiliated strain FJAT-27215T to the genus Bacillus. Strain FJAT-27215T showed high sequence similarities to Bacillus encimensis SGD-V-25T (98.6 %), Bacillus badius NBRC 15713T (98.6 %), Domibacillus indicus SD111T (96.9 %) and Bacillus thermotolerans SgZ-8T (96.5 %). The average nucleotide identity values between strain FJAT-27215T and the type strains of closely related species were much lower than the 96 % threshold value for delineation of genomic prokaryotic species. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain FJAT-27215T and the most closely related strain B. encimensis SGD-V-25T showed a similarity of 22.4 % and lower than 70 %, indicating that they belong to different taxa. The phenotypic characters and taxono-genomics study revealed that strain FJAT-27215T represents a novel Bacillus species, for which the name Bacillus wudalianchiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-27215T (=CCTCC AB 2015266T=DSM 100757T).

  11. Landscape esthetics: How to quantify the scenics of a river valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, Luna Bergere

    1969-01-01

    There are an increasing number of bills before Congress that in one way or another affect the landscape or the environment. Each of these requires seemingly endless numbers of congressional hearings, which are recorded upon endless reams of paper.And if, for some reason, you happen to read the voluminous testimony surrounding one of these environment-affecting proposals, you will generally find a marked contrast between the volume and kind of information presented by those who are pressing for technical development - building a dam, constructing a highway, installing a nuclear power plant - and the testimony of those who either oppose the development or wish to alter it in some way. The developer usually employs numerical arguments, which tend to show that there is an economic benefit to be obtained by constructing something - whatever that something may be. The argument is usually expressed in terms of a "cost-benefit ratio." It is typically argued, for instance, that the construction cost of a given project will be repaid over a period of time and will yield a profit or a benefit in excess of the development costs by a ratio of, let us say, 1.2 to 1. The argument is further supported with great numbers of charts, graphs, tables, and additional figures.In marked contrast, those who favor protection of the environment against development are fewer in number, their statements are based on emotion or personal feelings, and they usually lack numerical information, quantitative data, and detailed computations. Perhaps this is the reason why this latter group seems to be continually fighting rearguard actions - losing battle after battle.

  12. More than a scenic mountain landscape: Valles Caldera National Preserve land use history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt F. Anschuetz; Thomas Merlan

    2007-01-01

    This study focuses on the cultural-historical environment of the 88,900-acre (35,560-ha) Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP) over the past four centuries of Spanish, Mexican, and U.S. governance. It includes a review and synthesis of available published and unpublished historical, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic literature about the human occupation of the area...

  13. 78 FR 5492 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Merced Wild and Scenic River Comprehensive Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... more closely align capacity with visitation to improve the visitor experience and allow for more extensive resource protection. Alternative 2: Self-Reliant Visitor Experiences and Extensive Floodplain... period. Alternative 3: Dispersed Visitor Experiences and Extensive Riverbank Restoration would include...

  14. Refuge narrative report: September, October, November, December, 1942 for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge & Lake Zahl, Clearwater, Shell Lake Easement Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1942. The report begins by summarizing...

  15. Refuge narrative report: September, October, November, December, 1946 for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge & Lake Zahl, Clearwater, Shell Lake Easement Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1946. The report begins by summarizing...

  16. Refuge narrative report: January, February, March, April, 1944 for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge & Lake Zahl, Clearwater, Shell Lake Easement Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1944. The report begins by summarizing the...

  17. Refuge narrative report: May, June, July, August, 1946 for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge & Lake Zahl, Clearwater, Shell Lake Easement Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1946. The report begins by summarizing the...

  18. Archaeological Survey and Site Testing in Sloughing Easement Areas along the Sac River Downstream from Stockton Dam, Missouri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    maize agriculture becomes important during the Late Woodland period (Chapman 1980:78). Previous archaeological research in western Missouri has...commonly maize or nuts. A series of radiocarbon dates and thermoluminescence dates from the Bolivar complex mounds suggest a terminal Late Woodland to...H tn i i i 0) o «» •o Ä DO •H s B a« ffl u USo « ••4 b vaaaB-HUtjCJ >>>.B6«i*’booi4J«o

  19. Narrative Report for Sullys Hill National Game Preserve and Easement Refuges of District No.2 September - December 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sullys Hill National Game Reserve outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December 1963. The report begins by summarizing...

  20. 77 FR 56266 - CSX Transportation, Inc.-Acquisition of Operating Easement-Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... as ``minor,'' and adopts a procedural schedule to govern this proceeding and the embraced trackage... filings by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), must be... Attorney General, Antitrust Division, Room 3109, Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530; (3) Steven C...

  1. 76 FR 51462 - Notice of Release of an Easement Restriction at Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport, Mesa, AZ

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Gateway Airport, Mesa, AZ AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of Request to... acres of property abutting Phoenix-Mesa Gateway, Mesa, Arizona, from all conditions contained in a grant..., Phoenix-Gateway Airport Authority, 5835 S. Sossaman Road, Mesa, Arizona 85212, Telephone: (480) 988-7709...

  2. Narrative report for calendar year 1972 [Devils Lake Wetland Management District, North Dakota Easement Refuge District No. 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines District accomplishments for the calendar year of 1972. The report begins by giving a...

  3. Sullys Hill National Game Preserve and Easement Refuges of District No. 2 Narrative Report for May - August 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sullys Hill National Game Reserve outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August 1963. The report begins by summarizing the...

  4. 78 FR 64597 - Youngstown & Southeastern Railway Company-Operation Exemption-Mule Sidetracks, L.L.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Company by agreements dated June 3, 1992, and November 10, 1993, and easements retained by PLE in deeds dated June 3, 1992, and November 10, 1993, from PLE to Allied (Allied Easements), which Allied Easements...

  5. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Revised Comprehensive Conservation Plan, Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wilderness Review, and Wild and Scenic River Review

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Arctic NWR for the next 15 years. It is a revision of the 1988 plan, and it describes...

  6. Public perceptions of west-side forests: improving visual impact assessments and designing thinnings and harvests for scenic integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert G. Ribe

    2013-01-01

    Perceptions of public forests’ acceptability can be infl uenced by aesthetic qualities, at both broad and project levels, aff ecting managers’ social license to act. Legal and methodological issues related to measuring and managing forest aesthetics in NEPA and NFMA decision-making are discussed. It is argued that conventional visual impact assessments—using...

  7. Tradition and Melodism in Género Chico: The Musical Scenic Production of José Serrano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Salvador Blasco Magraner

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the characteristics of the lyrical work of the maestro José Serrano Simeon, probably the most important zarzuelas composer of the twentieth century, and the opinions that the critics of the time carried out on its flagship production. The melodic richness of his works, which had its origin in the Spanish popular music, the rhythmic variety of the same and simple and effective implementation are just some of the most representative of his magnum opus features.

  8. Linking Outdoor Recreation and Economic Development: A Feasibility Assessment of the Obed Wild and Scenic River, Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles B. Sims; Donald G. Hodges; Del Scruggs

    2004-01-01

    Rural economies in many parts of the United States have undergone significant changes over the past two decades. Faltering economies historically based on traditional economic sectors like agriculture and manufacturing are transitioning to retail and service sectors to support growth. One example of such an industry is resource-based recreation and tourism. Tourists...

  9. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1953 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV & 4a

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1953. The report begins by summarizing the...

  10. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1954 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV & 4a

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1954. The report begins by summarizing the...

  11. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1963 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the...

  12. Narrative report May, June, July, August, 1957 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1957. The report begins by summarizing the...

  13. Narrative report September, October, November, December, 1957 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1957. The report begins by summarizing...

  14. Narrative report January, February, March, April, 1957 Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge, Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge, & Easement Refuges - District IV & IVa

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1957. The report begins by summarizing the...

  15. Advanced system demonstration for utilization of biomass as an energy source. Technical Appendix H: recreation, scenic and noise studies. Environmental report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCollom, M. [ed.

    1979-01-01

    The aesthetic environments of both the plant site and the harvest region are discussed along with the impacts of the proposed project. The increase in noise at the plant site and the impact on recreation in the harvest region are explored. (MHR)

  16. Assessment of possible sources of microbiological contamination and water-quality characteristics of the Jacks Fork, Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri; phase II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jerri V.; Richards, Joseph M.

    2002-01-01

    In 1998, an 8-mile reach of the Jacks Fork was included on Missouri?s list of impaired waters as required by Section 303(d) of the Federal Clean Water Act. The identified pollutant on the Jacks Fork was fecal coliform bacteria. Potential sources of fecal contamination to the Jacks Fork include a wastewater treatment plant; campground pit-toilet or septic-system effluent; a large commercial, cross-country horseback trail riding facility; canoeists, boaters, and tubers; and cows.The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service, conducted a study to better understand the extent and sources of microbiological contamination within the Jacks Fork from Alley Spring to the mouth, which includes the 8-mile 303(d) reach. Identification of the sources would provide the National Park Service and the State of Missouri with the information needed to craft a solution of abatement, regulation, prevention, and mitigation with the end result being the removal of the Jacks Fork from the 303(d) list. Fifteen sites were sampled from November 1999 through December 2000. An additional site was sampled one time. Samples were collected mostly during base-flow conditions during a variety of nonrecreational and recreational season river uses. Samples were analyzed for selected fecal indicator bacteria, physical properties, nutrients, and wastewater organic compounds. During the sampling period, the whole-body-contact recreation standard for fecal coliform (200 colonies per 100 milliliters of sample) was exceeded at three sites on August 10, 2000, and also at one site on May 11, June 7, and October 3, 2000. Fecal coliform densities and instantaneous loads generally increased from background concentrations at the Eminence site, peaked about 2 river miles downstream, and then decreased until the most downstream site sampled. Generally, the largest densities and loads at sites downstream from Eminence not related to wet-weather flow were observed during a trail ride held August 6 to12, 2000. A 24-hour sample collection effort was conducted the weekend of July 15 and 16, 2000, to investigate the effect that large numbers of swimmers, canoeists, and tubers had on fecal coliform densities in the Jacks Fork. Five or six samples were collected at six sites between Saturday morning and the following Sunday afternoon. No fecal coliform density at any of the sites sampled exceeded the whole-body-contact recreation standard. Because bacteria survive longer in stream-bed sediments than in water, a source of bacteria in the water column could be from resuspension of accumulated bacteria from streambed sediments. Water and streambed-sediment samples were collected at three sites on August 3, 2000, 1 week before a trail ride and again at three sites on 2 Assessment of Possible Sources of Microbiological Contamination of the Jacks Fork, Missouri?Phase II August 8, 2000, during a trail ride. Results indicate that fecal coliform bacteria densities increased substantially in the streambed sediment and the water column during the trail ride.Sixty-five Escherichia coli isolates obtained from water samples collected at 9 sites and 23 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from stream-bed-sediment samples collected at 5 sites were submitted for ribotyping analysis. Samples were collected in 2000 during a variety of nonrecreational and recreational season river uses, including trail rides, canoeing, tubing, and swimming. Of the 65 isolates from water samples, 40 percent were identified as originating from sewage, 29 percent from horse, 11 percent from cow, and 20 percent from an unknown source. Of the 23 isolates from streambed-sediment samples, 39 percent were identified as originating from sewage, 35 percent from horse, 13 percent from cow, and 13 percent from unknown sources.Analysis of physical property (dissolved oxygen, pH, specific conductance, and temperature) and nutrient (dissolved nitrite plus nitrate and total phosphorus) data

  17. 77 FR 49775 - Boundary Technical Correction for the McKenzie Wild and Scenic River “Lower and Upper Portions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ... Service, Washington Office, is transmitting the technical correction for the boundary of the McKenzie Wild... Forest Service, Recreation, Yates Building, 14th and Independence Avenues SW., Washington, DC 20024; USDA...: August 13, 2012. Maureen T. Hyzer, Deputy Regional Forester. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ...

  18. The relationships between anglers' risk perception, sensation-seeking, and fishing site choice along the northeast and Yilan Coast Scenic Area, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng-Ping Wang

    2009-01-01

    The northeastern coast is one of the best fishing areas in Taiwan, but the terrain, weather, and tides can create a dangerous and even deadly environment. This study examines the relationships between anglers' risk perceptions, sensation seeking, and fishing site choices. Results from a survey conducted at Long-Don in 2005 were analyzed for four dimensions of...

  19. Fuels planning: science synthesis and integration; social issues fact sheet 15: Landscape change and aesthetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christine Esposito

    2006-01-01

    Fuels management produces changes in the landscape that can impact scenic beauty. If people do not consider a forest to be scenic, they may think that the low scenic quality is a result of poor management or ecological health. This fact sheet looks at the relevency of the effects of natural and human-caused landscape changes, when planning fuels management.

  20. 77 FR 9697 - Notification of Boundary Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... enhance the park's natural and ecological integrity and provide for greater recreational opportunities... Liber 697, Folio 51, subject to existing easements for public roads and highways, public utilities...

  1. 40 CFR 35.3535 - Authorized set-aside activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... restructuring a system as part of a capacity development strategy. (b) Administration and technical assistance... systems to acquire land or conservation easements from willing sellers or grantors. A system must demonstrate how the purchase of land or easements will protect the source water of the system from...

  2. 18 CFR 1304.303 - Channel excavation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Channel excavation... Activities on TVA Flowage Easement Shoreland § 1304.303 Channel excavation. (a) Channel excavation of... encourage owners of flowage easement property to adopt the standards for channel excavation applicable to...

  3. 77 FR 51546 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... Property Number: 54201040011 Status: Surplus GSA Number: 9-B-CA-1673-AA Comments: 2.07 acres, mineral.... for the garage, public space (roads and hwy) and utilities easements, asbestos and lead base paint... lead paint, most recent use-- offices/classrooms/storage, subject to existing easements Maine Columbia...

  4. 76 FR 61106 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ... community infrastructure, including, but not limited to, utilities, storm water management, traffic and... in and around the campus; required setbacks; historic properties; natural and scenic resources; noise...

  5. VT Data - Cons/Rec Overlay District 20110301, Winhall

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Conservation and Recreatioal Protection overaly districts for the Town of Winhall, Vermont. Other overlay districts (Transfer of Development Rights, and Scenic...

  6. 23 CFR 750.102 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.102 Definitions. The following terms when used in the standards in this... particular scenic beauty or historical significance designated by or pursuant to State law as a scenic area...

  7. 23 CFR 750.153 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.153 Definitions. For the purpose of this part... area means any area of particular scenic beauty or historical significance as determined by the Federal... acquired for the restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic beauty. (h) Parkland means any...

  8. Sale, amore e nostalgia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2003-01-01

    Odin Teatret’s most recent original performance, Sale: the scenic structure, the characters, the lights and the darkness, the text and the creating process.......Odin Teatret’s most recent original performance, Sale: the scenic structure, the characters, the lights and the darkness, the text and the creating process....

  9. Computing visible areas from proposed recreation developments...a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary H. Elsner

    1971-01-01

    A new computerized technique called VIEWIT for measuring the terrain visible from a given point was applied in a study on the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota. The seen area from 12 heavily visited scenic points and along three proposed routes for a scenic tramway were delineated. The computer produced overlay maps that show the maximum area visible from each...

  10. Perception of personal safety in urban recreation sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbert W. Schroeder; L.M. Anderson

    1984-01-01

    Photograph of 17 urban recreation sites in Chicago and Atlanta were evaluated by college students (n = 68) in Illinois, Georgia, and Michigan, for either perceived security, scenic quality, or both. For most raters, high visibility and developed park features significantly enhanced perceived security. Scenic quality, on the other hand, was enhanced for the majority of...

  11. Management of the Lower St. Croix riverway: the application of cognitive visual mapping and social and resource assessment methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert Becker; William Gates; Bernard J. Niemann Jr.

    1979-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of methods and results obtained from an extensive social and recreational carrying capacity study conducted for a National Scenic and Recreational Riverway - the Lower St. Croix. The paper also includes preliminary results and illustrations of a cognitive mapping technique for mapping scenic beauty. Over 1000 separate polygons were...

  12. Fort Peck Game Range: Refuge narrative report: May, June, July, August 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1952. The report begins by summarizing...

  13. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1963 to August 31, 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1963. The report begins by summarizing...

  14. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Calendar year - 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and the easement refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1966 calendar year. The...

  15. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Calendar year - 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and the easement refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1965 calendar year. The...

  16. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September - October - November December 1962

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and District VI Easement Refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December...

  17. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May - June - July - August 1959

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and District VI Easement Refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1959....

  18. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May - June - July - August 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and District VI Easement Refuge) outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1963....

  19. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Calendar year - 1964

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and the easement refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1964 calendar year. The...

  20. State Aquatic Management Area Aquisitions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data layer shows lands acquired by DNR Fisheries through purchase, donation and easement. Some features are hotlinked to scanned deed documents on the DNR...

  1. Evaluation of the Impacts of Irrigation Ground-Water Withdrawl on a Prairie Wetland

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To assess the effects of ground-water removal for irrigation on a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service easement wetland in Kidder County, North Dakota, researchers...

  2. Fort Peck Game Range: Narrative report: September - December 1961

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1961. The report begins by...

  3. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1987

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1987 calendar year. The report...

  4. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1985 calendar year. The report...

  5. Devils Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1989

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Devil's Lake WMD, Lake Alice NWR, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve, and the satelite easement refuges outlines Refuge...

  6. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: September - October - November December 1961

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge (including Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge and District VI Easement Refuges) outlines Refuge...

  7. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, Slade NWR, Florence Lake NWR, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 2000...

  8. State Conservation Lands; StaCons11

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Approximate edges of Conservation Lands protected by the State of Rhode Island through Fee Title Ownership, Conservation Easement, or Deed Restriction. Includes:...

  9. Narrative report : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : 1969

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1969 calendar year. The report begins by...

  10. Fort Peck Game Range: Narrative report: January - April, 1957

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1957. The report begins by summarizing...

  11. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January - February - March - April 1960

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Arrowwood NWR (including Chase Lake NWR and District VI Easement Refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of...

  12. Devils Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Devil's Lake WMD, Kelly's Slough NWR, Stump Lake NWR, Lake Alice NWR, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve, and the easement refuges...

  13. Devils Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Devil's Lake WMD, Lake Alice NWR, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve, and the satelite easement refuges outlines Refuge...

  14. [Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge, Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge, Halfbreed National Wildlife Refuge, Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge Refuge narrative report: May - June - July - August, 1945

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Montana Easements outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1945. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions,...

  15. Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake WMD and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1983 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  16. Roads (Johnson City)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is a vector line file showing the location of existing NPS roads including access roads for which the park has an easement at Lyndon B. Johnson National...

  17. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1989

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Long Lake Wetland Management District, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments...

  18. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Long Lake Wetland Management District, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments...

  19. Draft Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement. Cullinan Ranch Specific Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-01

    and Hazard Easement Deed. 29 Scott, Merrill, Assistant Manager, Technical Support Division, San Francisco Sector, FAA, telecon. 30 Wilmar , Michael...Senior Planner San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission Michael Wilmar , Executive Director Nancy Wakeman Solano County Planning

  20. Devils Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Devil's Lake WMD, Lake Alice NWR, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve, and the satelite easement refuges outlines Refuge...

  1. Devils Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1988

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Devil's Lake WMD, Lake Alice NWR, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments...

  2. Fort Peck Game Range: Refuge narrative report: September, October, November, December 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1952. The report begins by...

  3. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1959 to December 31, 1959

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1959. The report begins by...

  4. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1951 to December 31, 1951

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1951. The report begins by...

  5. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1961 to April 30, 1961

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1961. The report begins by summarizing...

  6. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1959 to August 31, 1959

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1959. The report begins by summarizing...

  7. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1956 to August 31, 1956

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1956. The report begins by summarizing...

  8. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1949 to April 30, 1949

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1949. The report begins by summarizing...

  9. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September, October, November and December 1946

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1946. The report begins by...

  10. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May, 1958 to August 31, 1958

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1958. The report begins by summarizing...

  11. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1960 to December 31, 1960

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1960. The report begins by...

  12. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1960 to August 31, 1960

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1960. The report begins by summarizing...

  13. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1945 to April 30, 1945

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1945. The report begins by summarizing...

  14. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1946 to August 31, 1946

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1946. The report begins by summarizing...

  15. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1947 to December 31, 1947

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1947. The report begins by...

  16. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1950 to December 31, 1950

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1950. The report begins by...

  17. Narrative report : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1965 calendar year. The report begins by...

  18. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1955 to April 30, 1955

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1955. The report begins by summarizing...

  19. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Annual report : 1943-1944

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report describes activities on Sand Lake NWR from 1943 to 1944. Wildlife, water levels, Refuge development, economic uses, and easement refuges are discussed....

  20. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1947 to August, 1947

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1947. The report begins by summarizing...

  1. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1945 to August 31, 1945

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1945. The report begins by summarizing...

  2. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1945 to December 31, 1945

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1945. The report begins by...

  3. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1947 to April 30, 1947

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1947. The report begins by summarizing...

  4. Narrative report : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : 1970

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1970 calendar year. The report begins by...

  5. Narrative report : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1966 calendar year. The report begins by...

  6. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1948 to August 31, 1948

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1948. The report begins by summarizing...

  7. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1957 to August 31, 1957

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1957. The report begins by summarizing...

  8. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1953 to April 30, 1953

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1953. The report begins by summarizing...

  9. Narrative report : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report begins by...

  10. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1963 to April 30, 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1963. The report begins by summarizing...

  11. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1956 to December 31, 1956

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1956. The report begins by...

  12. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1952 to December 31, 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1952. The report begins by...

  13. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1962 to December 31, 1962

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1962. The report begins by...

  14. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1951 to April 30, 1951

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1951. The report begins by summarizing...

  15. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1960 to April 30, 1960

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1960. The report begins by summarizing...

  16. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1948 to April 31, 1948

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1948. The report begins by summarizing...

  17. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1952 to April 30, 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1952. The report begins by summarizing...

  18. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1956 to April 30, 1956

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1956. The report begins by summarizing...

  19. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1949 to August 31, 1949

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1949. The report begins by summarizing...

  20. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1948 to December 31, 1948

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1948. The report begins by...

  1. Fort Peck Game Range: Narrative report: January - April 1960

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1960. The report begins by summarizing...

  2. Audubon National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January through December, 1967

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Audubon NWR (including Lake Nettie Refuge and Easement District III A) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1967 calendar...

  3. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, Slade NWR, Florence Lake NWR, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1994...

  4. 33 CFR 230.7 - Actions normally requiring an Environmental Assessment (EA) but not necessarily an EIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... easements for other than minor oil and gas transmission lines, electric power transmission lines, road and.... (d) Construction and Operations and Maintenance. Changes in environmental impacts which were not...

  5. 32 CFR 644.88 - Other acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... utilization not in conflict with the eventual purpose of the project. A copy of the request will be furnished... acquisition of land or easements, or the subordination of oil, gas, and other mineral rights, to be utilized...

  6. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1958 to April 30, 1958

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1958. The report begins by summarizing...

  7. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1992

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, Slade NWR, Florence Lake NWR, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1992...

  8. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, Slade NWR, Florence Lake NWR, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1995...

  9. Municipal & Non-Governmental Organization Conservation Lands; LocCons11

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Non-State Conservation lands are real property permanently protected from future development by fee simple ownership, conservation or other restrictive easements, or...

  10. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1988

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Long Lake Wetland Management District, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments...

  11. Fort Peck Game Range: Refuge narrative report: January, February, March, April 1951

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1951. The report begins by summarizing...

  12. 18 CFR 1304.300 - Scope and intent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... easement held by TVA shall be deemed an obstruction affecting navigation, flood control, or public lands or... accumulated behind sediment control structures to an upland site. (e) Section 1304.204 shall apply except that...

  13. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1, 1952 to August 31, 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1952. The report begins by summarizing...

  14. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Long Lake Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1986

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Lake NWR, Long Lake WMD, and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1986 calendar year. The report...

  15. Wind and aviation safety; Eólica y seguridad aérea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garriga, M.

    2016-07-01

    The installation of a wind farm involves countless permits and one of the least well-known, but possibly the most problematic, is the permit related to aeronautical easements. In regions with high wind power development potential, but which are extremely restricted by the lie of the land and compatibility with aerodromes, as in the Canary Islands, wind farm developers are very familiar with the aeronautical easements authorisation that can even end up bringing an entire project to a standstill. (Author)

  16. 23 CFR 620.203 - Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... standards for the facility involved; (3) That the release will not adversely affect the Federal-aid highway... order to restore, preserve, or improve the scenic beauty adjacent to the highway consonant with the...

  17. Western Alaska ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains management area data for Designated Critical Habitats, Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, and State Parks. Vector polygons in this data...

  18. River geomorphology and fish barriers affect on spatial and temporal patterns of fish assemblages in the Niobrara River, Nebraska

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Niobrara River in northern Nebraska traverses the heart of the Great Plains with portions of the river protected under the National Wild and Scenic River system...

  19. 75 FR 22836 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Resource Management Plan for the Eastern Washington and San Juan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... purpose of the public scoping process is to determine relevant issues that will influence the scope of the..., Recreation, Visual Resource Management, Wilderness, Wild and Scenic Rivers, sociology, and economics. Edward...

  20. 77 FR 6568 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Notice of Scoping Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... community infrastructure, including, but not limited to, utilities, storm water management, traffic and... properties; natural and scenic resources; noise; and lighting. The plan will examine potential growth in NIH...

  1. 76 FR 34250 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Gila Lower Box Area of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... eligibility of the Gila Lower Box as a Wild and Scenic River? 6. Which lands would be appropriate for ACEC... recreation and tourism in the area? 9. What effects would this proposed action have on agricultural...

  2. Continental Divide Trail

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This shapefile was created to show the proximity of the Continental Divide to the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail in New Mexico. This work was done as part...

  3. Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area Transportation Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area is a popular Bureau of Land Management natural area located near Las Vegas, Nevada. Red Rock Canyon experiences heavy congestion on its Scenic Drive and associated parking areas, due to high volumes of visit...

  4. 77 FR 32667 - Notice of Intent To Prepare Environmental Impact Statement for Alcatraz Ferry Embarkation Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... the EIS include transportation, visitor experience, aesthetics, economics, cultural resources, natural..., orientation, and interpretation of the natural, cultural, scenic and recreational resources of Alcatraz, the... of potential environmental impacts, including natural, cultural, socioeconomic and other topics; and...

  5. Landscapes of Memory and Forgetting: Memorialisation, Emotion and Tourism along Australia’s Great Ocean Road

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rosemary Kerr

    2013-01-01

    ... as “Australia’s most famous coastal drive”. The road is unique in Australia as it was purposely constructed as a scenic tourist route and as a memorial to World War I servicemen. Over time...

  6. Fort Leonard Wood Cantonment Landscape Context, Inventory, and Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tooker, Megan W; Stone, Sunny; Smith, Adam

    2007-01-01

    .... The layout of the cantonment in response to the rolling hills and terrain of the Ozarks Highlands has quite an impact on the scenic views, the curvilinear roadways and the park-like open space on the parade ground...

  7. ENCOURAGING READING, STORYTELLING AND THE FORMATION OF TEACHERS: A EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvânia Braz Teixeira Rodrigues

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Gwaya Storytellers Group has a twodecade trajectory in the field of encouraging reading through Essential Scenic Art for Storytelling. When it comes to the project dedicated to form teachers, the Gwaya Storytellers Group encourages the student, as the center of interest in the many levels of teaching, to strenghten the teacher's identity process, enabling them to critically interpret the world as well as to contextualize and understand the literary art and, in this process, enabling them to be scenically able to interpret it. Therefore, the essential scenic art for storytelling reveals itself as a fertile ground for art, culture and the construction of knowledge. This work trajectory regarding the formation of theachers can also be demonstrated through quantified data from the storyteller courses offered to the Public School teachers in the state of Goiás, which also enbale a qualitative analysis regarding the work issues of the group. Keywords: reading, formation, scenic art.

  8. Land-cover change in Goa– An Integrated RS – GIS Approach

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kotha M.; Kunte, P.D.

    Goa, with its’ scenic beauty of sandy beaches, large population with relatively low human development index, forms a part of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot. The advent of tourism, enhanced mining activities, and population increase coupled...

  9. 33 CFR Appendix A to Part 279 - Sample Resource Use Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... technical advice. Resource use objective: To establish an ecological study area at Wakulla Wash for the... lack of scenic qualities does not experience much local use. A heavily traveled Interstate Highway with...

  10. 77 FR 33718 - Availability of Seats for the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ...) Business and Industry Member and Alternate; (2) Diving Member and Alternate; and, (1) Youth Alternate seat... scenic beauty and remarkable productivity, the sanctuary supports a rich diversity of marine life...

  11. 78 FR 20146 - Lost Creek ISR, LLC, Lost Creek Uranium In-Situ Recovery Project, Sweetwater County, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... (identified in the existing license), there would be no physical changes to the footprint or structure of the... and soils; water resources; ecological resources; visual and scenic resources; noise; historic and...

  12. 77 FR 14567 - Draft General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement for the Ice Age Complex at Cross...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... Internet through the Web site above. You may also send comments to Superintendent, Ice Age National Scenic... providing visitors with interpretation of the evolution of the complex from the last glacial retreat to the...

  13. 78 FR 22025 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... the document, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). See http://www... that has operated on 10 miles of scenic right-of-way between Hill City and Keystone since 1957. The...

  14. Forest landscape description and inventories - a basis for landplanning and design

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. Burton Litton

    1968-01-01

    Describes six analytical factors and seven compositional types useful in recognition and description of scenic resources. Illustrates their application in two inventories made to aid managers and landscape architects in planning and design.

  15. Fire-Dependent Plant Communities (burn_plan_p)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — The Fire-Dependent Plant Communities (burn_plan_p) data layer was developed in conjunction with the St Croix National Scenic Riverway's Fire Management Plan. It...

  16. [Nitrogen and phosphate pollution characteristics and eutrophication evaluation for typical urban landscape waters in Hefei City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ru-Zhong; Liu, Ke-Feng; Qian, Jing; Yang, Ji-Wei; Zhang, Pian-Pian

    2014-05-01

    To understand the water environment regimes of the city-circling water system in Hefei City, six typical landscape waters were chosen to investigate pollution characteristics of nitrogen and phosphate and evaluate water eutrophication level according to the monitoring data of water physicochemical characteristics and chlorophyll content from September 2012 to July 2013. Study results showed that (1) the six waters mentioned above have been seriously polluted by nitrogen and phosphorus loadings, with the monthly mean values of total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations far exceeding the universally accepted threshold values of water eutrophication; (2) the nitrogen contents in the waters of Nanfeihe River, Heichiba and Yuhuatang scenic spots exhibited a markedly monthly variation, and both TP and PO(3-)(4)-P in Nanfeihe River showed a fluctuated characteristic with high concentrations while presenting a significant upward trend in Yuhuatang scenic spot; (3) the average values of TN/TP ratios for Yuhuatang and Heichiba scenic spots were 104.7 and 158.3, respectively, and the ratios for Baohe Park, Yinhe Park, Xiaoyaojin Park, and city segment of Nanfeihe River were 16.8, 18.7, 6.4 and 16.8, respectively, indicating that the scenic waters of Yuhuatang and Heichiba were phosphate-limited whereas Xiaoyaojin Park was nitrogen-limited; (4) all the six scenic waters were, in general, subsumed under just two broad categories, namely Hechiba scenic spot and Nanfeihe River, which were seriously polluted, and clustered together, and the others fall into the second class; and (5) water eutrophication appraisal result indicated that the six waters were all in the state of eutrophication, and could be arranged in the order of eutrophication level, Yinhe Park > Heichiba scenic spot > city segment of Nanfeihe River > Xiaoyaojin Park > Yuhuatang scenic spot > Baohe Park.

  17. 30 CFR 285.1014 - When will MMS suspend an Alternate Use RUE?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Alternate Use RUE pose an imminent threat of serious or irreparable harm or damage to natural resources; life (including human and wildlife); property; the marine, coastal, or human environment; or... Use and Easement for Energy- and Marine-Related Activities Using Existing OCS Facilities Alternate Use...

  18. 77 FR 52353 - Right-of-Way Grant of Submerged Lands on the Outer Continental Shelf to Support Renewable Energy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... Support Renewable Energy Development AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Interior. ACTION...) renewable energy right-of-way (ROW) grants in order to streamline this process and increase efficiency and... product generated or produced from renewable energy, but does not constitute a project easement. The...

  19. 32 CFR 644.426 - Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... HANDBOOK Disposal Disposal of Fee-Owned Real Property and Easement Interests § 644.426 Classification... classification will be recorded on ENG Form 1825 (Real Property Classification), with sufficient information to justify the classification. Surplus property may be reclassified from time to time whenever such action is...

  20. 77 FR 4803 - Dominion Transmission, Inc.; Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... approves the project, that approval conveys with it the right of eminent domain. Therefore, if easement... Assessment for the Proposed TIOGA Area Expansion and Sabinsville to Morrisville Projects, Request for... and Sabinsville to Morrisville Projects (Projects) with facilities in Pennsylvania and New York...

  1. 24 CFR 1710.12 - Intrastate exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT (INTERSTATE LAND SALES REGISTRATION PROGRAM) LAND REGISTRATION General Requirements... registration requirements of the Act if the following requirements are met: (1) The sale of lots in the... which are for the purpose of bringing public services to the land being developed, such as easements for...

  2. 41 CFR 109-1.100-51 - Definitions and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., but for which there is no DOE requirement to maintain formal records. Automatic data processing... as easements and rights-of-way), and permanent fixtures which are Government-owned, chartered, rented, or leased from commercial sources by and in the custody of DOE or its designated contractors; source...

  3. 7 CFR 1400.501 - Determination of average adjusted gross income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... renewable energy; (4) The sale, including the sale of easements and development rights, of farm, ranch... renewable energy; (7) The feeding, rearing, or finishing of livestock; (8) The sale of land that has been... benefits derived from or related to the following: (1) Production of crops, specialty crops, and unfinished...

  4. 77 FR 47092 - Notice of Determination of No Competitive Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... on site conditions and multiple uses within the ROW grant area that would be relevant to the proposed..., application for a Right-of-Way (ROW) grant for renewable energy purposes on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS.... Subsection 8(p)(3) of the OCS Lands Act requires that OCS renewable energy leases, easements, and ROWs be...

  5. 30 CFR 285.1007 - What process will MMS use for competitively offering an Alternate Use RUE?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Rights of Use and Easement for Energy- and Marine-Related Activities Using Existing OCS... offering, each competing applicant must submit a description of the types of activities proposed for the...

  6. 7 CFR 623.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cropland that is highly erodible or environmentally sensitive. (f) Prior converted wetland—means wetland... from being planted to the commodity during the crop year. (b) Applicant—means a person who submits to.... (p) Participant—means a person(s) owning land subject to a perfected easement purchased by the...

  7. The Impaired Physician: Some Coping Mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholson, J. F.

    1980-01-01

    Doctoring is a stressful way of life. Both normal and neurotic needs can increase the complexity of the family physician's life. Certain vulnerable doctors seek easement in tranquilizers, sedatives or alcohol, and can become addicted. Impairment may be episodic or steady, leading to deterioration in personality and ability

  8. 32 CFR 644.429 - Wildlife purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Wildlife purposes. 644.429 Section 644.429... ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Disposal of Fee-Owned Real Property and Easement Interests § 644.429 Wildlife... for wildlife conservation purposes by the agency of the state exercising administration over the...

  9. 78 FR 56722 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ...: Surplus GSA Number: 9-B-CA-1673-AA Comments: 2.07 acres, mineral rights, utility easements Georgia 5 Acres... Exchange, supermarket, & storage; 24 mons. vacant; mold, asbestos, & lead-based paint, significant.... vacant; w/in 100 yr. floodplain/ floodway; however is contained; asbestos & lead based paint Texas Former...

  10. 78 FR 32682 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ...-based paint, significant renovations needed Portion of GSA Binghamton ``Hillcrest'' Depot--Tract 2 1151...: Surplus GSA Number: 9-B-CA-1673-AA Comments: 2.07 acres, mineral rights, utility easements District of.... vacant; w/in 100 yr. floodplain/ floodway; however is contained; asbestos & lead based paint Texas...

  11. 76 FR 25365 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; County Data Record Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... information collection requirement described below has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget... and HUD is specifically interested in parcel data related to tax assessment, property sale, easement... Budget, New Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503; e-mail [email protected] fax: 202...

  12. 75 FR 42819 - Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Assessment (Final EA) and a Finding of No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Virginia Marcks, Manager, Infrastructure Engineering Center, AJW-C14D, Federal... easement that would also contain underground utility lines. The access road and radar site together..., Manager, Infrastructure Engineering Center, Chicago, AJW-C14D, Federal Aviation Administration. BILLING...

  13. 33 CFR 137.30 - Objectives and performance factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of oil. (3) Waste management and disposal activities that indicate presence or likely presence of oil..., building permits, and easements. (7) Properties adjoining or located nearby the facility and the real... from its source within a reasonable time and cost, and can be reviewed practicably; and (2) Review and...

  14. 32 CFR 644.437 - Disposal plan for fee-owned land.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the lands, and the cost of buildings and improvements, if any, constructed by the United States. (g... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Disposal plan for fee-owned land. 644.437 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Disposal of Fee-Owned Real Property and Easement Interests § 644.437...

  15. 77 FR 6941 - Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    .../programs/farmbill/analysis . Paperwork Reduction Act Section 2904 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act... easements held by land trusts, and therefore, serves as an indicator of entity capacity and stability. NRCS... Efficiency Comment: NRCS received several comments urging NRCS to utilize as its closing efficiency element...

  16. 78 FR 9105 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the Dallas/Fort Worth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the...), DOT. ACTION: Notice of Request of Release for Permanent Easement of Airport Property. SUMMARY: The FAA... International Airport under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment Reform Act...

  17. 75 FR 55401 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the Dallas/Fort Worth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the...), DOT. ACTION: Notice of request of release for permanent easement of airport property. SUMMARY: The FAA... International Airport under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment Reform Act...

  18. 78 FR 58380 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the Dallas/Fort Worth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the...), DOT. ACTION: Notice of request to release for permanent easement of airport property SUMMARY: The FAA... Airport under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment Reform Act for the...

  19. 7 CFR 1415.5 - Land eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... an applicant submits an offer for an easement project, USDA will assess the potential impact that the... values, and— (i) Could provide habitat for animal or plant populations of significant ecological value if the land is retained in its current use or is restored to a natural condition; (ii) Contains...

  20. 76 FR 49526 - Environmental Impact Statement; Saint Louis County, MN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact Statement; Saint Louis County, MN AGENCY: Federal... advise the public that an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will be prepared to respond to the terms of the existing Trunk Highway (TH) 53 easement across the United Taconite mine. FOR FURTHER...

  1. 7 CFR 1470.32 - Compliance with regulatory measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance with regulatory measures. 1470.32 Section... General Administration § 1470.32 Compliance with regulatory measures. Participants shall be responsible for obtaining the authorities, rights, easements, permits, or other approvals or legal compliance...

  2. 30 CFR 285.605 - What is a Site Assessment Plan (SAP)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is a Site Assessment Plan (SAP)? 285.605... Assessment Plan (SAP)? (a) A SAP describes the activities (e.g., installation of meteorological towers... project easement, or to test technology devices. (1) Your SAP must describe how you will conduct your...

  3. 32 CFR 651.10 - Actions requiring environmental analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... property to the ARNG or Army Reserve. (h) Research and development including areas such as genetic engineering, laser testing, and electromagnetic pulse generation. (i) Leases, easements, permits, licenses, or..., loans, or other forms of funding such as Government-Owned, Contractor-Operated (GOCO) industrial plants...

  4. 77 FR 58096 - Georgia Transmission Corporation: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment and To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... maintenance activities mostly would remain within the transmission line easement with access to the line from... of 230 kilovolt (kV) transmission line in portions of Atkinson, Berrien, Clinch, Coffee, and Lanier... 40 to 45 miles of 230 kV electric transmission line from the existing Douglas 115/230 kV Substation...

  5. 47 CFR 32.2111 - Land.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Land. 32.2111 Section 32.2111 Telecommunication... TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.2111 Land. (a) This account shall include the original cost of all land held in fee and of easements, and similar rights in land having a term...

  6. 38 CFR 36.4354 - Estate of veteran in real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... processed on the automatic basis. (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3703(c)) (B) A recorded restriction on title... application for home loan guaranty or the report of a home loan processed on the automatic basis. (Authority... easements for drainage or irrigation ditches, provided the exercise of the rights thereof do not interfere...

  7. 38 CFR 36.4253 - Title and lien requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... automatic basis; (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3712(g)) (7) A recorded restriction on title designed to provide... home loan guaranty or the report of a manufactured home loan processed on the automatic basis... and easements for drainage or irrigation ditches, provided the exercise of the rights thereof do not...

  8. 78 FR 65701 - Notice of Availability of the Nevada and Northeastern California Greater Sage-Grouse Draft Land...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ... private lands in ACECs over easements; minimize herbicide use; close ACECs to oil, gas and geothermal... developments for diversion from springs or seeps within PPMA and PGMAs; close to oil, gas, geothermal leasing... use Catergorical Exclusion to resolve Section 390 resource conflicts in PPMAs and design and implement...

  9. 77 FR 26314 - National Environmental Policy Act: Implementing Procedures; Addition to Categorical Exclusions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... improvements such as a garage, barn or corral. In addition to building construction, associated easements may... categorical exclusions were in effect; (2) reviewed EAs of homesites previously prepared by BIA to verify that... effects were identified in any of these areas, and the conclusions of the original EAs and FONSIs were...

  10. Trends in land and water available for outdoor recreation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd C. Irland; Thomas Rumpf

    1980-01-01

    A data base for assessing the availability of land for outdoor recreation does not exist. Information on related issues such as vandalism, easements, and land posting is scanty. Construction of a data base for assessing land availability should be a high priority for USFS and HCRS, and for SCORP's and the RPA and RCA assessments.

  11. Fort Holabird Defense Investigative Service (DIS), Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Cleanup Plan (BCP), Version II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    of Public Works DQO ................. Data Quality Objectives DRMO .............. Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office EA...industrial environments. Fort Holabird DIS does not contain any wetlands and is not in an established floodplain area. Also, no endangered species are known...resources, using or developing wetlands , protecting or conserving species and wildlife, and securing easements to allow continued Army remediation or

  12. The aesthetics of forestry: What has empirical preference research taught us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribe, Robert G.

    1989-01-01

    Multiple-use forest management has come to include an attention to scenic values, and methods are being developed to incorporate aesthetic considerations into decision making. A considerable body of scientific research has been conducted exploring public preferences for forest landscapes and intersubjective and contextual influences upon their perception. This research is surveyed. Findings regarding the perception of forest conditions, such as tree density and size, ground cover, species makeup and nonmanagement are considered. The scenic effects of forest treatments such as thinning, burning, and chemical application are outlined. Findings for harvest and regeneration practices such as clear-cutting, shelterwoods, selection cuts, and slash treatments are reported. Advances that consider the effects of time upon forest beauty and experiences are explored, along with a problem in multiple-use evaluation of scenic changes. Research on these topics and on observer intersubjective problems and general theory development is supported as a course of advancement in the field.

  13. Comprehensive evaluation and analysis of ecological environment quality ofLaoshan Natural Reservebased on Remote Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Wenlian; Liu, Shanwei; Liu, Yan; Wang, Yanling; Zhang, Naixin

    2016-11-01

    We used the remote sensing images of 2001, 2005 and 2010, statistics of reservoir water quality, air quality data, precipitation data and population data to evaluate and analyze the ecological environment quality of Laoshan Natural Reserve. In this decade, the ecological environment of tourism scenic area in Laoshan Natural Reserve becomes significantly better than that of the surrounding area, and it is the urban sprawl and increase of cultivated land area that resulted in the reduction of the scenic plants; Reservoir water quality was stable, but PH value and total nitrogen content still did not meet the standards because of the use of the sewage and pesticide fertilizer in the neighborhood; Air quality decreased slightly, however, the situation of acid rain had improved; Residential population continued to grow in Laoshan district and scenic tourists have increased, so human activity has become the main impacting factor of ecological environment of Laoshan Natural Reserve.

  14. Preserving the Non-Instrumentality of Summer Camp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, Steven L

    2015-10-01

    After a brief consideration of the types of camps, this introduction questions what is the most beneficial aspect of a two week summer day camp for children living in disadvantaged circumstances or struggling in school? Is it a formal educational program or professional-lead therapeutic activities or the provision of an opportunity for children to play with peers in a relaxed, scenic and supportive place? The introduction suggests that being with peers living with similar circumstances or challenges while being in a scenic place with supportive staff and having the opportunity to play may provide such children with a greater good. © The Author(s) 2015.

  15. The Dramaturgy of the Body in the Indian Theatre as a Visible Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Carlos Gomes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to analyze the concept of dṛśya kāvya (visible poetry from the Indian scenic tradition, as a proposal to a dramaturgy of the body. Starting from the impact that the Asian scenic tradition caused in the European theater in the 20th century, we will examine some concepts and acting techniques from the Indian classical dance-theater (specially Orissi and Kathakali, which are based in the translation of the word into physical gesture. We also question the relevance of this discussion to a theater seeking to distance itself from a logocentric model, in an intercultural perspective.

  16. Effects of invasive plants on public land management of pinyon-juniper woodlands in Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patti Fenner

    2008-01-01

    After a short discussion of terminology used in the fairly new discipline of weed science, specific examples are given to illustrate effects of invasive plants on recreation and scenic values, biodiversity, forage for domestic animals and wildlife, soil stability, fire hazard and frequency, maintenance costs for roads and highways, property values, and funding for...

  17. Effects of Vicarious Experiences of Nature, Environmental Attitudes, and Outdoor Recreation Benefits on Support for Increased Funding Allocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kil, Namyun

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of vicarious experiences of nature, environmental attitudes, and recreation benefits sought by participants on their support for funding of natural resources and alternative energy options. Using a national scenic trail user survey, results demonstrated that vicarious experiences of nature influenced environmental…

  18. Findings in Experimental Psychology as Functioning Principles of Theatrical Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, George

    A gestalt approach to theatrical design seems to provide some ready and stable explanations for a number of issues in the scenic arts. Gestalt serves as the theoretical base for a number of experiments in psychology whose findings appear to delineate the principles of art to be used in scene design. The fundamental notion of gestalt theory…

  19. Deserts: Information and Hands-On Activities. Interactive Geography Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Robin

    This book is designed to introduce students to a variety of fascinating desert ecosystems through a series of learning activities including games, graphs, experiments, and crafts. Each section contains an information section along with student activities and worksheets. The section topics are sand, scorpions, and snow; scenic sculpture; desert…

  20. 76 FR 18713 - Malheur National Forest; Oregon; Malheur National Forest Site-Specific Invasive Plants Treatment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... other resource values such as scenic beauty and recreational opportunities. Invasive plants can spread... prevention standards in the R6 2005 ROD). The Malheur National Forest has been treating invasive plants... Service 2005b). Vectors and causes of invasive plant spread were explored in detail and new standards for...

  1. 23 CFR 750.105 - Signs that may be permitted in protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent... phenomena, historic sites, areas of natural scenic beauty or naturally suited for outdoor recreation and... interest of the traveling public. For the purposes of the standards in this part, a trade name is deemed to...

  2. Environment, Land Use, and Natural Resources in Rural New York: A Preliminary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

    Participants at the First Statewide Legislative Symposium on Rural Development discussed environmental, land use, and natural resource problems and opportunities in rural areas of New York state. Identified as major assets were scenic beauty, diversified land use and economy, abundance and high quality of water, soil base for agriculture and…

  3. 15 CFR 918.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... providing) recreational, scenic, aesthetic, biological, habitational, commercial, economic, or conservation...) Research, (ii) Education and training, and (iii) Advisory services. (f) Sea Grant project. A Sea Grant..., training, and advisory services on a regional basis (i.e., beyond the boundaries of a single state) and...

  4. 77 FR 41774 - Notice of Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... are to provide prospective Naval nuclear propulsion plant operators and officers with training and... propulsion plant technologies. Two land-based training platforms are located at the Knolls Atomic Power... resources, socioeconomics and environmental justice, traffic and transportation, aesthetic and scenic...

  5. Grassland rehabilitation (Rehabilitacion de Pastizales)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mario Royo

    2006-01-01

    The main goal of grassland rehabilitation is to reestablish vegetation, with the objectives of reducing soil erosion, incorporating more rainwater into the soil and aquifer, maintaining biodiversity, restoring scenic beauty, and attaining a site's forage potential, as well as maintaining and reproducing the native fauna. Pastures can be rehabilitated naturally by...

  6. 75 FR 42466 - Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Public Meeting for the AREVA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... present information at the public meeting, the need should be brought to the attention of Ms. Tarsha Moon... related to the EREF project at the NRC's PDR, located at One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville Pike..., visual and scenic resources, air quality, geology and soils, water resources, ecological resources, noise...

  7. 36 CFR 292.42 - Management standards and guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... administration of National Forest System lands and resources, the standards and guidelines in §§ 292.43 to 292.48... AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RECREATION AREAS Hells Canyon National Recreation Area-Federal Lands § 292.42 Management... land where the proposed activity is contemplated is within the Wilderness Lands, Wild and Scenic Rivers...

  8. Linking ecology and aesthetics in sustainable agricultural landscapes: Lessons from the Palouse region of Washington, U.S.A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linda R. Klein; William G. Hendrix; Virginia I. Lohr; Jolie B. Kaytes; Rodney D. Sayler; Mark E. Swanson; William J. Elliot; John P. Reganold

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by international escalation in agricultural sustainability debates, we explored the promise of landscape-scale conservation buffers to mitigate environmental damage, improve ecological function, and enhance scenic quality. Although the ecological benefits of buffer vegetation are well established by plot- and field-scale research, buffer adoption by farmers is...

  9. Fatal Attraction: Nazi Landscapes, Modernity and Holocaust Memory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Laarse, R.; Kolen, J.; Renes, J.; Hermans, R.

    2015-01-01

    Landscapes are in western culture considered as 'art', valuated by scenic qualities represeneted in landscape painting and reproduced in landscape architecture. Working under the fetish of authenticity by singling out aesthetic styles and iconic periods, connoisseurship is still a basic assumption

  10. Paleontology. A Curriculum and Activity Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park. [Grades] 1-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    Mammoth Cave (Kentucky) was designated as a national park in 1941 because of its beautiful hills and valleys, scenic rivers, and the vast cave system located within its boundaries. Outstanding physiographic features include karst terrains, sandstone capped plateaus, and bluffs overlooking rivers and streams, which provide an unusually wide variety…

  11. Institutional Boundaries and Common-Pool Resource Management: A Comparative Analysis of Water Management Programs in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikkila, Tanya

    2004-01-01

    Policymakers and academics often identify institutional boundaries as one of the factors that shape the capacity of jurisdictions to manage natural resources such as water, forests, and scenic lands. This article examines two key bodies of literature--common-pool resource management theory and local public economy theory--to explain how the…

  12. Forest aesthetics, biodiversity, and the perceived appropriateness of ecosystem management practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul H. Gobster

    1996-01-01

    The social acceptability of 'ecosystem management' and related new forestry programs hinges on how people view the forest environment and what it means to them. For many, these conceptions are based on a 'scenic aesthetic" that is dramatic and visual, where both human and natural changes are perceived negatively. In contrast, appreciation of...

  13. 77 FR 55101 - National Wilderness Month, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... biodiversity. From mountains and meadows to river valleys and forests, our lands and waters also help drive local economies by creating jobs in tourism and recreation. Our open spaces are more precious today than... miles of wild and scenic rivers, and three National Parks. We also launched the America's Great Outdoors...

  14. Sampling and modeling visual component dynamics of forested areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victor A. Rudis

    1990-01-01

    A scaling device and sample design have been employed to assess vegetative screening of forested stands as part of an extensive forest inventory.Referenced in a poster presentation are results from East Texas pine and oak-pine stands and Alabama forested areas.Refinements for optimizing measures to distinguish differences in scenic beauty, disturbances, and stand...

  15. Searching for the value of a view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur W. Magill; Charles F. Schwan

    1989-01-01

    Assessing the trade-offs between market and nonmarket products of wildlands poses a major problem fornatural resource planners and managers. Scenic quality is a resource that is not quantifiable in monetary terms. To determine if market values of real estate offering views could define relative dollar values for physical dimensions and objects in views, they were...

  16. Descriptive approaches to landscape analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. Burton Litton Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Descriptive landscape analyses include various procedures used to document visual/scenic resources. Historic and regional examples of landscape description represent desirable insight for contemporary professional inventory work. Routed and areal landscape inventories are discussed as basic tools. From them, qualitative and quantitative evaluations can be developed...

  17. 75 FR 59787 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... 401, Section 319); Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF), 16 U.S.C. 4601-4604; Safe Drinking Water... Scenic Rivers Act, 16 U.S.C. 1271-1287; Emergency Wetlands Resources Act, 16 U.S.C. 3921, 3931; TEA-21...

  18. Night and days in Cassiciacum: The anti-Manichaean theodicy of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The dialogue setting becomes a semiotic system in which even the ontologically deficient forms of phenomenon always also refer to something at the highest level, namely the omnipotent divine creator. The scenic design of De ordine can thus be read as an extension of the Manichaean system of codes, and hence as a

  19. Las Cabezas de San Juan, Nature Reserve (El Faro).

    Science.gov (United States)

    P. L. Weaver; J. L. Ram¡rez; J. L. Coll

    1999-01-01

    The 178-hectarea(ha) northeastern tip of Puerto Rico, Which is known locally as "Las Cabezas de San Juan Nature Reserve", is managed by the Puerto Rican Conservation Trust to protect the area's scenic beauty and to provide enviromental education and research opportunities to the island's resident and visitors

  20. Spatial Configuration and Online Attention: A Space Syntax Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peixue Liu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The spatial behavior of tourists is an important part of the research on congestion management and sustainable planning of tourism destinations. Combined with user-generated content (UGC and site-based survey data, this study conducted an overlaying analysis between street network configurations that resulted from space syntax and tourist preferences. Based on space syntax, tourist movement is influenced by the distribution of scenic spots and the structure of tourist trails in scenic mountain areas. The results reveal that the distribution of scenic spots has a significant impact on tourist flow and visitors’ choices of entrance to the mountain; the volume of online sign-ins is highly correlated with landscape attention, axial control values and the local integration value of the trails; and tourists’ attention focuses on the entrance area and the few tourist-sight markers. This study advances the understanding of the spatial patterns of within-destination tourist behavior; this knowledge will be helpful in alleviating congestion in mountain scenic areas and providing effective guidance for tourists to plan an ideal tour route.

  1. State property tax incentives for promoting ecosystem goods and services from private forest land in the United States: a review and analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael A. Kilgore; Paul B. Ellefson; Travis J. Funk; Gregory E. Frey

    2017-01-01

    Financial incentives provided by State property tax programs are a means of promoting ecosystem services from private forest land. Identified by this 50-State 2015 review, categories of ecosystem services frequently promoted by such programs are open space and scenic resources, conservation of...

  2. Near-shore wind power - protected seascapes, environmentalists' attitudes, and the technocratic planning perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolsink, M.

    2010-01-01

    In contested wind farm developments, the dominant issue concerns scenic impact and the landscape at the proposed site. The number of large wind power schemes that have failed is growing. The case analysed here is a near-shore wind farm in the Dutch part of the Wadden Sea, in 2001 the largest wind

  3. 77 FR 12877 - Record of Decision for the General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... changing conditions and revise the prior GMP approved in 1982. This planning process was initiated in 2005 and conducted with extensive public and agency involvement. The planning team held meetings with and... linking portions of scenic roads and trails along the length of the park. In the long term, we will...

  4. Estimating fuel consumption during prescribed fires in Arkansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virginia L. McDaniel; James M. Guldin; Roger W. Perry

    2012-01-01

    While prescribed fire is essential to maintaining numerous plant communities, fine particles produced in smoke can impair human health and reduce visibility in scenic areas. The Arkansas Smoke Management Program was established to mitigate the impacts of smoke from prescribed fires. This program uses fuel loading and consumption estimates from standard fire-behavior...

  5. Dynamics of the Cult of Sheik Hussein of Bale, Ethiopia: Its Course ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It has immense potential for tourism that fascinates even the pilgrims, involving tour of scenic landscapes, famous shrines and singing in honor of the saint and Allah. However, due to the proliferation of extremist teachings of the Salafists and Wahabbists, attacks on pilgrims and marginalization of adherents have been ...

  6. Esthetics and landscaping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig W. Johnson; Thomas C. Brown; Michael L. Timmons

    1985-01-01

    Aspen is valued for its scenic beauty. One indication of this is the trips to the "high country" that many forest visitors make to view the autumn color changes (fig. 1). Another is the frequency with which aspen is planted in urban and suburban areas. Subjective generalizations about the esthetic uses of aspen, although reasonable, provide only rough...

  7. Texas lignite and the visual resource: an objective approach to visual resource evaluation and management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow C. Landphair

    1979-01-01

    This paper relates the evolution of an empirical model used to predict public response to scenic quality objectively. The text relates the methods used to develop the visual quality index model, explains the terms used in the equation and briefly illustrates how the model is applied and how it is tested. While the technical application of the model relies heavily on...

  8. Aesthetic impact of a proposed power plant on an historic wilderness landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carl H. Petrich

    1979-01-01

    In this assessment of the aesthetic impact of a proposed nuclear power plant, the historic foundation of American concepts of scenic beauty played a major role. The plant is planned to he located on the Hudson River at the foot of the Catskill Mountains, an area that was also the geographical center of and inspiration for the country's nineteenth century romantic...

  9. Dramaturgas actuales y teatro escrito a pie de escena en España: El meu avi no va a Cuba, de Victoria Szpunberg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García-Manso, M.L.

    2017-01-01

    Since the arrival of democracy, changes on the theatre system have affected the way we understand theatrical authorship in Spain. In the case of women playwrights, it is possible to observe that the generations who were born after 1960 have a deeper scenic education and professionalisation than

  10. Assisted Cycling Tours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollingsworth, Jan Carter

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses Assisted Cycling Tours (ACT), a Westminster, Colorado based 501(c)3, non-profit that is offering the joy of bicycle tours in breathtaking, scenic locations to children and adults with developmental and physical disabilities and their families. ACT was founded by Bob Matter and his son David with a goal of opening up the…

  11. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Minimum Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... waterbody crossings that may have contaminated waters or sediments. (§ 380.12(d)(1)). 3. Identify watershed... designated or proposed candidate National or State Wild and Scenic Rivers crossed by the project. (§ 380.12(j... (NOX) and carbon monoxide (CO), and the basis for these calculations. Summarize anticipated air quality...

  12. Book review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ISBN-13: 978-84-96553-55-2. Ethiopia, the scenic and rugged 'Roof of Africa' is a land of ornithological superlatives where birds are not only spectacularly abundant but also remarkably tame. During the northern winter, large numbers of Palaearctic migrants enrich the already impressive local avifauna, boosting a country ...

  13. Estimating the impact of cannabis production on rural land prices in Humboldt County, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin Schwab; Van Butsic

    2017-01-01

    Amenity values, development potential, commodity prices and productive capacity largely determine rural land prices. For rural lands used in timber and agricultural production, capacity and expected future commodity prices play primary roles. For rural lands that are used as second homes or recreational properties, amenities— such as being near lakes or having scenic...

  14. Wilderness for science: pros and cons of using wilderness areas for biological research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diana L. Six; Paul Alaback; Robert A. Winfree; Delia Snyder; Anne Hagele

    2000-01-01

    Research is one of the intended purposes of wilderness. The Wilderness Act states that “wilderness may contain ecological, geological, or other features of scientific, educational, scenic, or historical value.” This session specifically focuses on the pros and cons of conducting research in wilderness.

  15. 78 FR 54685 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Pub. L. 95-541)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... applicants wish to fly a small, battery operated, remotely controlled copter equipped with a camera to take scenic photos of the Antarctic. The copter would not be flown over concentrations of birds or mammals or over Antarctic Specially Protected Areas. The copter would only be flown by Thomas Kokta who has...

  16. 78 FR 73893 - Notice of Permit Modification Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Pub. L. 95-541)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... the risk of spills ashore. The applicants wish to fly a small, battery operated, remotely controlled copter equipped with a camera to take scenic photos of the Antarctic. The copter would not be flown over concentrations of birds or mammals or over Antarctic Specially Protected Areas. Several measures would be taken...

  17. 76 FR 58953 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Endangered Status for Casey's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... (Polyphylla barbata) contained a variety of plant species and fungi material demonstrating that they are not... cultural, natural, and scenic resources, and have the highest potential for future development plans that.... The CEQA guidelines require a finding of significance if a project has the potential to ``reduce the...

  18. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources project... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Environmental analysis... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The...

  19. 49 CFR 1580.203 - Reporting significant security concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., Scenic, Historic and Excursion Operators, and Private Cars § 1580.203 Reporting significant security... transportation. (4) Each operator of private cars, including business/office cars and circus trains, on or connected to the general railroad system of transportation. (5) Each operator of a rail transit system that...

  20. AFRREV IJAH, Vol.2 (4) September, 2013

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2013-09-08

    Sep 8, 2013 ... Bradford Delong‟s (2004) discourse on international capital mobility. Aspects of Delong‟s position and David ... Key Words: Theatre Technology, Design, and Cultural Capital. Introduction. Technology and the ... Wagner into physical movement and location within the scenic arrangement (Beacham ed.

  1. Evaluation of the use of scientific information in developing the 1997 Forest plan for the Tongass National Forest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fred H. Everest; Douglas N. Swanston; Charles G. Shaw; Winston P. Smith; Kent R. Julin; Stewart D. Allen

    1997-01-01

    The Tongass National Forest is the largest remaining relatively unaltered coastal temperate rain forest in the world. The Forest consists of 16.9 million acres of land distributed across more that 22,000 islands and a narrow strip of mainland in southeast Alaska. The Forest contains abundant timber, wildlife, fisheries, mineral, and scenic resources. The authors...

  2. Monitoring biological control agents and leafy spurge populations along the Smith River in Montana, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. Birdsall; G. Markin; T. Kalaris; J. Runyon

    2013-01-01

    The Smith River originates in west central Montana and flows north approximately 100 miles before joining the Missouri River. The central 60 miles of the river flows through a relatively inaccessible, forested, scenic limestone canyon famous for its trout fishing. Because of its popularity, the area was designated Montana's first and only controlled river, with...

  3. 76 FR 77768 - Information Collection; Flathead and McKenzie Rivers and McKenzie National Recreational Trail...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... Trail Visitor Surveys AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice; request for comment. SUMMARY: In... or on or near the McKenzie Wild and Scenic River or McKenzie National Recreational Trail. There are...Kenzie National Recreational Trail by in-person, written surveys which will be administered by Forest...

  4. 78 FR 21965 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Tri-County Resource Management Plan and Draft Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... Rd. NE., Albuquerque, NM; the Socorro BLM Field Office at 901 South Highway 85, Socorro, NM; the... acreage.) This ACEC would be managed for scenic, cultural, and ecological resource values. Proposed... managed for ecological and cultural resource values. Proposed resource-use limitations include: Exclusion...

  5. 43 CFR 23.5 - Technical examination of prospective surface exploration and mining operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... preservation and protection of other resources, including recreational, scenic, historic, and ecological values...) of this section and shall formulate the requirements which the State highway department or its... Department of Transportation of the requirements and conditions which the State highway department or its...

  6. Science You Can Use Bulletin: Road scholars for the western states: Protecting natural areas by improving road management research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brian Cooke; Charlie Luce; Tom Black; David. Tarboton

    2016-01-01

    A poorly placed or unsuitably designed road can result in landslides, flooding, gullies, stream damage, and wildlife habitat destruction. Particularly in natural areas, benefits of roads, such as accessibility and convenience, must be weighed against potential water quality degradation, scenic and wildlife habitat destruction, and hazardous driving conditions...

  7. 77 FR 39733 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Appalachian Trail Management Partner Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... track the satisfaction of federal, state, and not-for-profit partner organizations and agencies... the public enjoyment and visitor experience of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail (Trail). To... through a partner satisfaction survey. The purpose of the ATMPS is to track the satisfaction of partner...

  8. 77 FR 13257 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... Plan (``UMRMP,'' USFS 1992), (2) assess changes in visitor experience that have occurred since a... provide optimum recreation experiences for visitors, while still protecting the natural resource... Visitor Surveys, Flathead Wild and Scenic River Visitor Survey. OMB Control Number: 0596-NEW. Summary of...

  9. 76 FR 72001 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Susquehanna to Roseland 500-kilovolt Transmission Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... Transmission Line AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Availability. SUMMARY: The... Susquehanna to Roseland 500-kilovolt transmission line, which will affect the Appalachian National Scenic... visitors each year. The existing transmission line right-of-way predates the establishment of the...

  10. 78 FR 53777 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Visual Resource Management and Areas of Critical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... alternative because they did not meet relevance or importance criteria: McCarty Canyon; for scenic quality and... the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to contact the above individual during... importance criteria for the nominated ACECs in the 2008 Rawlins RMP planning process, these nominated areas...

  11. Using deep learning to quantify the beauty of outdoor places.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seresinhe, Chanuki Illushka; Preis, Tobias; Moat, Helen Susannah

    2017-07-01

    Beautiful outdoor locations are protected by governments and have recently been shown to be associated with better health. But what makes an outdoor space beautiful? Does a beautiful outdoor location differ from an outdoor location that is simply natural? Here, we explore whether ratings of over 200 000 images of Great Britain from the online game Scenic-Or-Not, combined with hundreds of image features extracted using the Places Convolutional Neural Network, might help us understand what beautiful outdoor spaces are composed of. We discover that, as well as natural features such as 'Coast', 'Mountain' and 'Canal Natural', man-made structures such as 'Tower', 'Castle' and 'Viaduct' lead to places being considered more scenic. Importantly, while scenes containing 'Trees' tend to rate highly, places containing more bland natural green features such as 'Grass' and 'Athletic Fields' are considered less scenic. We also find that a neural network can be trained to automatically identify scenic places, and that this network highlights both natural and built locations. Our findings demonstrate how online data combined with neural networks can provide a deeper understanding of what environments we might find beautiful and offer quantitative insights for policymakers charged with design and protection of our built and natural environments.

  12. Public views and attitudes concerning fire and fuels reduction strategies in the Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP) New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt Anschuetz; Carol Raish

    2010-01-01

    The Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP), located in the heart of the Jemez Mountains in northcentral New Mexico, is a special place for many residents of the region. The large volcanic caldera, formerly the privately owned Baca Ranch, is an 89,000-acre property known for its scenic meadows and abundant wildlife, including herds of elk. The U.S. purchased the...

  13. Post-harvest seedling recruitment following mountain pine beetle infestation of Colorado lodgepole pine stands: A comparison using historic survey records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byron J. Collins; Charles C. Rhoades; Jeffrey Underhill; Robert M. Hubbard

    2010-01-01

    The extent and severity of overstory lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm. ex Wats.) mortality from mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) has created management concerns associated with forest regeneration, wildfire risk, human safety, and scenic, wildlife, and watershed resources in western North America. Owing to the unprecedented...

  14. Cultural Factors in Tourism Interpretation of Leshan Giant Buddha

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Wenwen

    2017-01-01

    Different cultural aspects are always involved in tourism interpretation, and the process of tourism interpretation is also cross-cultural communication. If the cultural factors can be interpreted for the foreign visitors in a better way, it's beneficial to convey the cultural connotation of the scenic spot and it can be the communication more…

  15. 43 CFR 423.60 - How special use areas are designated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...; (3) The protection of environmental and scenic values, scientific research, the security of Reclamation facilities, the avoidance of conflict among visitor use activities; or (4) Other reasons in the public interest. (c) An authorized official establishing a special use area must document in writing the...

  16. EJOTMAS 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AUNTY TEE

    the Multitasking Aesthetics, Design and Technical Compactedness,. Non-Static Photographic Aesthetics, ..... Aware of the role of music in his theatre, Okolo builds his band of musicians into the entire scenic design ..... their balance on a bicycle, while the man rode the bicycle, the woman struggled with the heavy load she ...

  17. Waterbirds of alkaline lakes in Western Uganda | Pomeroy | Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uganda's only alkaline lakes are found in the Queen Elizabeth Conservation Area and the adjoining Kyambura Wildlife Reserve. ... The lakes are important scenically, for ecotourism, and for the conservation of waterbirds and plants; whilst Lake Katwe's traditional production of salt is of considerable economic significance.

  18. Arranged Marriage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Alan

    2004-01-01

    People in the rolling, scenic valley, between the Ozarks and Ouchita mountains have a lot in common. As of this school year, they share something else in common: a school district. The four districts that make up the newly christened Two Rivers are among 57 rural Arkansas systems that state lawmakers forced to consolidate with their neighbors.…

  19. DNA-based species identification for faecal samples: An application ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Noninvasive methods using genetic markers have been suggested as ways to overcome difficulties associated with documenting the presence of elusive species. We presented and assessed the casework of species identification based on faecal samples of terrestrial mammals in well-known Mountain Huangshan Scenic ...

  20. Outdoor recreation resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter J. Betz; Donald B.K. English; H. Ken Cordell

    1999-01-01

    The authors examine recreation resources and opportunities by the four types of providers: Federal, State, local governments, and the private sector. They discuss the trend of partnerships in the provision of outdoor recreation opportunities, especially two types that emerged in the 1990’s: Scenic Byways and Watchable Wildlife opportunities. Where possible, the authors...

  1. 78 FR 69460 - Proposed License Renewal of the Prairie Island Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... an EIS when one is necessary, and (3) aids the NRC's compliance with NEPA when an EIS is not...; geology and soils; water resources; ecology and threatened and endangered species; visual and scenic resources; noise; historic and cultural resources; public and occupational health and safety; waste...

  2. Especies vegetales que habitan en los derechos de vía de las carreteras principales de Nicaragua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Jiménez

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The current article presents information about species of trees growing on the road easements on the highways of Nicaragua. Inventories of trees and bushes were carried out on two representative highways within the national roadway system to assess the most prevalent species of plants. The criteria for the selection of the highways under analysis were established by taking into account the relevant information on a precise and satisfactory level. The parameters analyzed were: proliferation, value of the species, degree of coverage, density, plant species composition and vitality. In conclusion, the tree species identified on the road easement areas were typically those of indigenous plants or the remains of riparian forests. The species most frequently found were Tabebuia rosea (Bignoniaceae, Gliricidia sepium (Fabaceae, Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae, Guazuma ulmifolia (Sterculiaceae, Cordia alliodora (Boraginaceae, Senna siamea (Caesalpiniaceae, y Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Mimosaceae.

  3. An overview of Australia?s Phytophthora species assemblage in natural ecosystems recovered from a survey in Victoria

    OpenAIRE

    Dunstan, William A.; Howard, Kay; StJ. Hardy, Giles E.; Burgess, Treena I.

    2016-01-01

    Although Phytophthora species cause serious diseases worldwide, until recently the main focus on disease in natural ecosystems in southern Australia has been on the distribution and impact of P. cinnamomi. However, new Phytophthora pathogens have emerged from natural ecosystems, and there is a need to better understand the diversity and distribution of these species in our natural forests, woodlands and heathlands. From a survey along a 70 km pipeline easement in Victoria, Phytophthora specie...

  4. US Highway 395 Widen Median and Shoulder and Install Rumble Strips Project Environmental Assessment, Edwards Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-16

    recovery is that desert tortoises are long-lived, require up to 20 years to reach sexual maturity, and have low reproductive rates during a long period...approximately 6.9 miles. The total construction and right of way cost of Build Alternative (Alternative 1) is estimated at approximately $40,657,000...Existing Edge of Pavement Existing Right of Way Proposed EAFB Easement Proposed Right of Way Cut or Fill Pavement Striping Based On Project New

  5. Survey of Instant Messaging Applications Encryption Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Kabakuş, Abdullah; Kara, Resul

    2015-01-01

    Instant messaging applications has already taken the place of traditional Short Messaging Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) due to their popularity and usage easement they provide. Users of instant messaging applications are able to send both text and audio messages, different types of attachments such as photos, videos, contact information to their contacts in real time. Because of instant messaging applications use internet instead of Short Message Service Technical Reali...

  6. Energy: the states' response in 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackey, Earl S.

    1978-01-01

    A compilation of all state legislative energy enactments for legislature, in 1978 is presented. It provides source material to legislators and their staff. Each bill is separated into one or more of the 37 major subject categories. Broad categories cover public utilities; tax exemption; tax application; franchise protection; conservation; resource development; solar easements; mineral extraction regulation; management; emergency powers; anti-trust; anit-environment; and miscellaneous legislation.

  7. Army Corps of Engineers: Cost Increases in Flood Control Projects and Improving Communication with Nonfederal Sponsors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    prestressed concrete that are driven into the ground to retain earth or prevent water seepage. 21According to the Corps, a flowage easement is...low estimates of land acquisition and associated costs, pipeline costs, utilities, and bridge adjustments. However, Corps officials attribute all...involves installing larger box culverts, day-lighting two sections of the river, and modifying a bridge and culvert headwall for flood risk management

  8. Landscape Routes as an Infrastructural Core of Cultural Landscapes; Their Distinctive Role for The Character of Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kołodziej, Anna

    2017-10-01

    Roadside tree avenues are a distinctive element of the landscape of Warmia and Mazury, which is a testament to the history of the region from the Prussian time. Their emergence was imposed top-down and was dictated both by practical and aesthetic reasons. Today they are a problematic heritage in the view of current tendencies of infrastructural development of the country that favour highways and the opportunity to cover the distance between start and destination point as fast as possible. Nevertheless, the literature and conducted scientific studies indicate a change in perception of the in-car experience which underlines a pleasure of travel itself. The research also suggests the growing need for planning route on the basis of the attractiveness of its elements. The work also distinguishes the conditions that must occur for the scenic route be established and put under protection. Moreover, it presents different views of assessing the value of such a road and the cultural landscape in which it is inscribed. It also describes the impact of the individual elements of scenic route on well-being of a participant of road traffic and his perception of the space. This paper attempts to survey the existing trends and actions in development and protection of scenic roads in selected and to present the tree-lined roads of northern Poland on the background of the examples. This has been done on the basis of personal experience and observation, as well as the literature. There have been juxtaposed routes’ common elements and the elements distinctive to individual countries and regions. The results of the survey indicate that the scenic route, as a picture of the economic, historical, social and political situation of the place is an infrastructural core of cultural landscape. It constitutes the uniqueness of the region not only from the biological, but also cultural point of view. Then, apart from the obvious economic importance of scenic routes for the development of non

  9. Espectáculo y construcción espacial en los autos de Pedro Calderón de la Barca: «La cena del rey Baltasar»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sánchez Jiménez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la construcción espectacular y espacial de un auto temprano de Calderón de la Barca, «La cena del rey Baltasar». Para ello, examina cómo funcionaban en este auto los elementos escénicos (carros, tramoya y atrezzo, así como la música, el vestuario y los espacios escénico y dramático. This article analyzes the spectacular and spacial construction of an early auto sacramental by Calderón de la Barca, «La cena del rey Baltasar». In order to do so, we examine the meaning of the different scenic elements (carros, theatrical machinery, and atrezzo, as well as the music, clothing, and scenic and dramatic spaces.

  10. Ocular Responses To Monocular And Binocular Helmet-Mounted Display Configurations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffitt, Kirk W.

    1989-09-01

    Ocular vergence and visual-accommodation data were collected. in a preliminary investigation involving simulated monocular and binocular helmet-mounted display (HMD) configurations with varying scenic backgrounds and attentional instructions. A binocular eyetracking system was used to objectively measure vergence and accommodation. Photographic slides aligned and positioned at optical infinity were used to simulate HMD symbology and out-of-the-cockpit scenery. The accuracy of ocular vergence and the relative distance of visual accommodation were affected by the HMD configuration (binocular, monocular, one-eye-occluded), the content of the scenic background (clouds or mountains), the focus of attention (symbology or background), and the ocular characteristics of the observer (distance of the dark-vergence and -focus).

  11. Contexto escénico del Eunuchus terenciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Pociña

    1979-12-01

    Full Text Available The written versions of Latin comedy present only the literary text (text A not stage directions nor other scenic indications (text B, which were not separately noted by ancient dramatists. Therefore, Terence (and Plautus had to express in a single text —the literary text— what is meant by the stage directions in modern times. The authors of this paper try to fix the boundaries of both texts, and to infer the stage directions for Eunuchus from the literary text. Thus they examine all the data on the characters, references to staging, intonation, mime and gesture, actors’ movements, scenic situation, costume, that may help reconstruct Eunuchus according to Terence’s original conception.

  12. La cultura catalana sota el franquisme: la lluita pel teatre a la revista Destino: 1957-1962

    OpenAIRE

    Cabo, Isabel de

    2004-01-01

    This study offers a panoramic view of the theatre situation in Catalonia during Franco’s dictatorship. The author shows first the complex and rich scenic activities in Catalonia and also in the rest of Spain before the Spanish Civil War. She points out secondly the critical situation of Spanish theatre after the war and the initiatives that the magazine Destino has promoted to regain it.

  13. Palm Tree Resort and Hotel Subic Bay: Facilities & Services

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Johnson

    2018-01-01

    Castaway's Bar Enjoy the beautiful view while catching sunrays on the Palm Tree Resort top bar. Features glorious views of scenic shoreline and idyllic sunsets, island-inspired furnishings and a spirit of casual elegance. Bathed in natural light, the gentle hues of nature are infused in every surrounding. It is just the beginning of the refined amenities that will fill your stay with rare pleasures. The Palm Tree Restaurant Daily Specials (From 12NN-10PM): MONDAY -BBQ ...

  14. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-16

    dispersal of nuclear bombs, missiles and artillery shells and asserts that the largest accumulation of nuclear weapons is in South Carolina , where...of tnis news ana personally hurried to the grain oil plant. He solemnly criti- cized the erroneous viewl of a certain deputy secretary and-learl^0...her to restaurants, cinemas , and scenic spots. They also sent her some gifts. All this made her very happy. In Chen Liping’s second year in Japan

  15. По зимнему бездорожью на полном приводе / Велиматти Хонканен, Яри Питкаярви и Ярмо Сукава

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Хонканен, Велиматти

    2003-01-01

    Audi A4 1,8 T Quattro, BMW 325Xi, Honda HR-V 1,6i, Jaguar X-Type 3,0 V6, Mercedes-Benz E 320 4matic, Renault Scenic RX4 2,0, Škoda Octavia Combi 2,0WD, Subaru Impreza 2,0 GX, Suzuki Liana 1,6 4WD, Volvo S60 AWD

  16. Environmental resource document for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irving, J.S.

    1993-07-01

    This document contains information related to the environmental characterization of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The INEL is a major US Department of Energy facility in southeastern Idaho dedicated to nuclear research, waste management, environmental restoration, and other activities related to the development of technology. Environmental information covered in this document includes land, air, water, and ecological resources; socioeconomic characteristics and land use; and cultural, aesthetic, and scenic resources.

  17. Fenomén Les Misérables - Bídníci: Nejdéle uváděný muzikál na světě

    OpenAIRE

    Pacasová, Veronika

    2017-01-01

    7 Abstract: In my bachelor thesis I focus on several points of view within the musical phenomenon Les Miserables. I describe it's history in France, England and Czechoslovakia. I analyze final musical dramatization from novel's original. I compare original french version of the musical to the english version. I ask question why is this musical so successful. From director and scenic points of view I compare productions of GOJA Music Hall Theatre and Brno City Theatre. In short I Also focus on...

  18. Learning to See at the Large Hadron Collider

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quigg, Chris

    2010-01-01

    The staged commissioning of the Large Hadron Collider presents an opportunity to map gross features of particle production over a significant energy range. I suggest a visual tool - event displays in (pseudo)rapidity-transverse-momentum space - as a scenic route that may help sharpen intuition, identify interesting classes of events for further investigation, and test expectations about the underlying event that accompanies large-transverse-momentum phenomena.

  19. Panoramic view of the Mexican Pacific Coastline

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    In this scenic panoramic view, the orbiter tail points toward the Mexican Pacific coastline (18.0N, 103.0W) near the international resort of Acapulco on the nearly cloud free eastern Pacific Ocean. Almost all of southern Mexico can be seen from Puerto Vallarta in the north to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the south. The cloud covered Gulf of Mexico at the horizon contrasts sharply with the blue Pacific.

  20. Classificação dos cenários costeiros de praias da Ilha de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis – Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Crystina Rocha de Oliveira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, presents a diversity of natural coastal environments and several historical sites, as well as a large variety of places with potential for tourism. However, the intense and disorderly use of the area may lead to a decreased quality of coastal environments, especially the beaches. This study aims at understanding the types of use and the potential or eventual loss of quality and scenic attractiveness. Research was conducted on beaches in the Northern, Northeastern, Eastern and Southern coastlines on the island of Santa Catarina. Researchers aimed at identifying the scenic attractiveness of these beaches using the methodology of Ergin et al (2006. With this method researchers built a scenic classification, ranking in ascending order from 1, the most attractive natural beaches, to 5, the urban, less attractive beaches. From the 25 beaches studied only three (12% were classified as Class 1, those being: Lagoinha do Leste, Naufragados and Matadeiro. In other words, these were the only beaches considered to be highly appealing and aesthetically pleasing. These beaches were characterized as natural shoreline with activities consistent to the preservation and conservation of the area. The other 88% (22 beaches were characterized as having their natural landscapes modified in some way, such as the emergence of urban areas. As a result, more than half of the beaches were classified as Class 4 (24% and Class 5 (28%. These beaches, 13 in total, were considered to present low landscape quality, in other words, their landscapes were considered to be unattractive. These beaches possess mid to high levels of construction and population growth, with landscapes modified by human activity. They present a high potential for pollution and visual degradation. Thus, beaches with easy access and human intervention are losing, or have already lost, their scenic attractiveness and are in need of management and planning to minimize

  1. Seitsmekohalised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    TM võrdleb mahtuniversaale: Chevrolet Orlando LTZ M/T 2,0 D; Ford Grand C-Max Titanium 2,0 TDCi; Mazda5 1,6 TD Dynamic 6MT 5d; Nissan Qashqai+2 2WD 6MT 2,0 dCi DPF Acenta; Peugeot 5008 Hdi FAP; Renault Grand Scenic 1,9 dCi FAP; Toyota Verso 2,0 D-4D DPF; Volkswagen Touran Comfortline 1,6 TDI

  2. Innovación, desarrollo y divulgación en el Centro de Tecnología del Espectáculo

    OpenAIRE

    Larrañaga, Patxi J.

    2006-01-01

    The Centre for Stage Technology (CTE in its Spanish acronym) is a public centre, reporting to the National Institute for Scenic Arts and Music (Ministry of Culture). It was set up in 1988 to provide specific training in the technical and management professions for live shows: machinery, set construction, props, costumes, make-up, production and management, stage direction, lighting and sound. The article deals with the specifics of this training, at the same time technical and irremediably li...

  3. Time Map Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    Goethes Faust , to the library. You have in mind a particular route, namely the scenic path through the park, and a particular mode of transportation...bike-path))) update) ADDING (PASSUME EVENT5 (pout (fragile Goethes - Faust )) update) ADDING (PASSUNE EVENT5 (pin (spans (clear-skies))) update) ADDING...in EVENT5 for task (transport Goathes- Faust bike-path) is bicycle. Scheduling advice simply notes potential Scheduling advice: conflicts and suggests

  4. Naturbanization and Urban – Rural Dynamics in Spain: Case Study of New Rural Landscapes in Andalusia and Catalonia

    OpenAIRE

    Pallarès-Blanch Marta; Prados Velasco Maria-José; Tulla Pujol Antoni Francesc

    2014-01-01

    The early 20th century saw the beginning of a process of urbanizing rural space (Berry, 1976a; 1976b), described as counter-urbanization (Champion, 1989). The creation of Protected Natural Areas (PNAs) has defined some rural spaces, relatively far from large urban metropolitan areas, where the ecological and scenic value is a magnet for urbanization (Prados, 2005). Thus, PNAs make rural areas more attractive to new economic and leisure activities and can promote a more positive type of develo...

  5. How thiostrepton was made in the laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolaou, K C

    2012-12-07

    Thiostrepton, a powerful antibiotic belonging to the thiopeptide class, was synthesized in the laboratory for the first time in 2004 through an arduous campaign involving novel strategies and tactics, scenic detours, and unexpected roadblocks. In this Review the author narrates the long journey to success, not so dissimilar to Odysseus' return voyage to Ithaca, full of adventure, knowledge, and wisdom. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Université Lille Nord de France École doctorale 473-SHS Laboratoire Design Visuel et Urbain Equipe d'Accueil 2445 MEDIA-REPERES. Une méthode pour l'explicitation des construits de sens au visionnage : L’explicitation du sens décisionnel de l’utilisateur par la méthode triadique selon la méthodologie de Processus d’Aide à la Décision (PAD).

    OpenAIRE

    Labour, Michel

    2011-01-01

    This post-doctoral dissertation conceptualises sense-making constructs as a decisional process related to a communication situation. The research methodology rests on a microsocial and idiographic approach, which lends itself to a case study system of investigation. In this context, a qualitative exploratory study was conducted within the research project Media and Emotion. The research problem examines the links between perceived scenic elements of a film and spectators’ sense-making constru...

  7. The Cannibalism of Usina do Trabalho do Ator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clóvis Dias Massa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This text conjugates the rapprochement between the theatricality of Eastern manifestations and the practice of Usina do Trabalho do Ator (UTA Research Group. We establish links between the theory of reception proposed by Richard Schechner based on rasic theatre and the theatricality of several UTA spectacles. We also examine the way in which the group used cannibalistic procedures in four stagings as well as the role of the audience in their scenic compositions.

  8. Sport Culture of Hong Kong: Recent Development and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Eddie T. C. Lam

    2016-01-01

    Hong Kong is well-known for its beautiful natural harbor, vibrant nightlife, as well as tremendous entertainment and shopping opportunities. It is a paradise for outdoor activities such as golfing, hiking, fishing, and water sports. Throughout the city, there are extensive hiking trails that are over 30 miles long and navigate through beautiful scenic areas and parks. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the sport culture of Hong Kong, including the development and administration of spo...

  9. Environmental resource document for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irving, J.S.

    1993-07-01

    This document contains information related to the environmental characterization of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The INEL is a major US Department of Energy facility in southeastern Idaho dedicated to nuclear research, waste management, environmental restoration, and other activities related to the development of technology. Environmental information covered in this document includes land, air, water, and ecological resources; socioeconomic characteristics and land use; and cultural, aesthetic, and scenic resources.

  10. Longitudinal patterns of fish assemblages, aquatic habitat, and water temperature in the Lower Crooked River, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgersen, Christian E.; Hockman-Wert, David P.; Bateman, Douglas S.; Leer, David W.; Gresswell, Robert E.

    2007-01-01

    The Lower Crooked River is a remarkable groundwater-fed stream flowing through vertical basalt canyons in the Deschutes River Valley ecoregion in central Oregon (Pater and others, 1998). The 9-mile section of the river between the Crooked River National Grasslands boundary near Ogden Wayside and river mile (RM) 8 is protected under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1271-1287) for its outstandingly remarkable scenic, recreational, geologic, hydrologic, wildlife, and botanical values (ORVs), and significant fishery and cultural values. Groundwater springs flow directly out of the canyon walls into the Lower Crooked River and create a unique hydrologic setting for native coldwater fish, such as inland Columbia Basin redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri). To protect and enhance the ORVs that are the basis for the wild and scenic designation, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has identified the need to evaluate, among other conditions, fish presence and habitat use of the Lower Crooked River. The results of this and other studies will provide a scientific basis for communication and cooperation between the BLM, Oregon Water Resources Department, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) and all water users within the basin. These biological studies initiated by the BLM in the region reflect a growing national awareness of the impacts of agricultural and municipal water use on the integrity of freshwater ecosystems.

  11. Spett-attori e autori: tre paradigmi partecipativi a confronto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Pedullà

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary scenic context are always more numerous the theatre's companies that involve audience in the performance. This essay attempts to analyse participation's meanings for the companies which dedicate its work to this particular kind of theatre and, at the same times, for the spect-actors who are involved in it. For this reason, it is essential the examination of three different performances, in particular Pequeños ejercisios para el Buen Morir/Vivir of the Teatro de Los Sentidos guided by Enrique Vargas; Home visit Europe of the German company Rimini Protokoll; We need to talk of the catalan company FFF (The Friendly Face of Fascism, guided by Roger Bernat. If the scenic experience of the Teatro de Los Sentidos belongs to a kind of ritual's participation which has a finality, Rimini Protokoll and Roger Bernat's scenic declinations characterize itself for a participation which bring the spect-actor to live a particular kind of state in being.

  12. The Visual Matrix Method: Imagery and Affect in a Group-Based Research Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Froggett

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The visual matrix is a method for researching shared experience, stimulated by sensory material relevant to a research question. It is led by imagery, visualization and affect, which in the matrix take precedence over discourse. The method enables the symbolization of imaginative and emotional material, which might not otherwise be articulated and allows "unthought" dimensions of experience to emerge into consciousness in a participatory setting. We describe the process of the matrix with reference to the study "Public Art and Civic Engagement" (FROGGETT, MANLEY, ROY, PRIOR & DOHERTY, 2014 in which it was developed and tested. Subsequently, examples of its use in other contexts are provided. Both the matrix and post-matrix discussions are described, as is the interpretive process that follows. Theoretical sources are highlighted: its origins in social dreaming; the atemporal, associative nature of the thinking during and after the matrix which we describe through the Deleuzian idea of the rhizome; and the hermeneutic analysis which draws from object relations theory and the Lorenzerian tradition of scenic understanding. The matrix has been conceptualized as a "scenic rhizome" to account for its distinctive quality and hybrid origins in research practice. The scenic rhizome operates as a "third" between participants and the "objects" of contemplation. We suggest that some of the drawbacks of other group-based methods are avoided in the visual matrix—namely the tendency for inter-personal dynamics to dominate the event. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs150369

  13. Site acquisition and successful landowner relationships

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardke, G.S.; Susman, H.E. [Hillyer & Irwin, San Diego, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    It is now quite some time ago in this industry that the objections of a landowner to the granting of an easement for a new road could be overcome by the use of a bulldozer. The attitude sometimes was build first, negotiate later. That attitude, of course, was not appropriate then, and it is not now. As one of the long term (perhaps longest term) {open_quotes}partners{close_quotes} in project development and operation, the owner of the land under a project site must be dealt with fairly, reasonably, and in a way which will minimize or avoid disputes. Here, we present a few suggestions for starting the relationship with the landowner off on the right track. In establishing the legal form of the deal, whether by easement or lease, the goal should be to seek stability, not advantage. There will be too many times when each party will need the consent of the other to allow the development of a situation where on each such occasion, the consenting party will expect some sort of tribute or consideration. For example, one common type of consent is that by the landowner to minor elements of project finance requirements. And no matter how carefully the terms of the lease or easement are negotiated, lenders and their counsel will want changes. If the relationship with the landowner is established on the basis of long term cooperation, it should be no trouble to obtain these consents. If, on the other hand, the developer attempts to gain its project profit margin at the expense of the landowner, it can count on giving the landowner his {open_quotes}pound of flesh{close_quotes} every time the developer or operator needs something from him.

  14. Biomass Gasifier Facility (BGF). Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-09-01

    The Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR) is planning, to design, construct and operate a Biomass Gasifier Facility (BGF). This facility will be located on a site easement near the Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar company (KC&S) Paia Sugar Factory on Maui, Hawaii. The proposed BGF Project is a scale-up facility, intended to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of emerging biomass gasification technology for commercialization. This Executive Summary summarizes the uses of this Environmental Assessment, the purpose and need for the project, project,description, and project alternatives.

  15. Albeni Falls Wildlife Mitigation Project; Idaho Department of Fish and Game 2007 Final Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cousins, Katherine [Idaho Department of Fsh and Game

    2009-04-03

    The Idaho Department of Fish and Game maintained a total of about 2,743 acres of wildlife mitigation habitat in 2007, and protected another 921 acres. The total wildlife habitat mitigation debt has been reduced by approximately two percent (598.22 HU) through the Department's mitigation activities in 2007. Implementation of the vegetative monitoring and evaluation program continued across protected lands. For the next funding cycle, the IDFG is considering a package of restoration projects and habitat improvements, conservation easements, and land acquisitions in the project area.

  16. Umatilla River Subbasin Fish Habitat Improvement; 1993 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey, Timothy D.; Laws, Troy S. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife)

    1994-05-01

    This annual report is in fulfillment of contract obligations with Bonneville Power Administration which is the funding source for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife`s Umatilla Basin Habitat Improvement Project. Major activities undertaken during this report period included: (1) procurement of one access easement with a private landowner, (2) design, layout, and implementation of 3.36 miles of instream structure maintenance, (3) inspection and routine maintenance of 15.1 miles of fence, (4) revegetation along 3.36 miles of stream, (5) collection and summarization of physical and biological monitoring data, (6) extensive interagency coordination, and (7) environmental education activities with local high school students.

  17. Studies on Factors affecting the Evolution of Agroecosystems in the Dakotas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Gaurav

    This dissertation combines remote sensing and applied economics tools to study land use conversions in North Dakota and South Dakota that are tied to this region's overall socio-economic welfare. Specifically, the region's corn and soybeans cultivation expanded significantly over the past decade replacing the region's grasslands and grain crops. In paper I, we estimate the localized impacts of the advent of corn-based ethanol plants on the Dakotas' corn acreage. We implement a Difference-in-Difference framework through more flexible assumptions as the Parallel Paths assumption of the standard model fails to hold. We find strong trends in the Dakotas' corn acreage over the past decade, but surprisingly some ethanol plants were found to have a negative impact on local corn acreage. In paper II, we evaluate crop competitiveness due to heterogeneous weather impacts on crop yields, and then test whether annual weather fluctuations explain land allocations among the Dakotas' major land uses. Our integrated framework suggests that annual weather variability is an important determinant of regional land use decisions. Under the A1B emissions scenario of climate change, we find that the yields of all of the Dakotas' major crops will decline by 2031-2060 relative to 1981-2010, leading to lower (higher) spring wheat (alfalfa) acres in Eastern (Western) Dakotas. In paper III, we develop and implement a satellite image-processing algorithm to estimate historical land use acres using raw Landsat sensor data, thereby extending the existing Cropland Data Layers back to 1984 in eastern Dakotas. We demonstrate that the availability of a longer time-series is useful as the rate of land use change may differ among different time-spans. In paper IV, we evaluate the cost-effectiveness of grassland conservation easements when spatial spillovers are present among private landowners. We first develop a conceptual model to incorporate social spillovers in evaluating the role of easements in

  18. Solar energy legal bibliography. Final report. [160 references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seeley, D.; Euser, B.; Joyce, C.; Morgan, G. H.; Laitos, J. G.; Adams, A.

    1979-03-01

    The Solar Energy Legal Bibliography is a compilation of approximately 160 solar publications abstracted for their legal and policy content (through October 1978). Emphasis is on legal barriers and incentives to solar energy development. Abstracts are arranged under the following categories: Antitrust, Biomass, Building Codes, Consumer Protection, Environmental Aspects, Federal Legislation and Programs, Financing/Insurance, International Law, Labor, Land Use (Covenants, Easements, Nuisance, Zoning), Local Legislation and Programs, Ocean Energy, Patents and Licenses, Photovoltaics, Solar Access Rights, Solar Heating and Cooling, Solar Thermal Power Systems, Standards, State Legislation and Programs, Tax Law, Tort Liability, Utilities, Warranties, Wind Resources, and General Solar Law.

  19. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation North Fork John Day River Basin Anadromous Fish Enhancement Project, Annual Report for FY 2001.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macy, Tom L.; James, Gary A.

    2003-03-01

    The CTUIR North Fork John Day River Basin Anadromous Enhancement Project (NFJDAFEP) identified and prioritized stream reaches in The North Fork John day River basin for habitat improvements during the 2000 project period. Public outreach was emphasized during this first year of the project. During the past year we concentrated on satisfying landowner needs, providing cost share alternatives, providing joint projects and starting implementation. We presented multiple funding and enhancement options to landowners. We concentrated on natural recovery methods, riparian fencing and offstream livestock water developments. Under this BPA contract four riparian easements have been signed protecting almost 5 miles of tributary streams. There are nine offstream water developments associated with these easements. Some landowners chose to participate in other programs based on Tribal outreach efforts. Some landowners chose NRCS programs for enhancement and others chose OWEB as a funding source. The exact amount of stream protection due to other funding sources probably exceeds that by BPA, however most would not have entered any program without initial Tribal outreach. Cooperation between the NRCS/FSA/SWCDs and the Tribe to create joint projects and develop alternative funding scenarios for riparian enhancement was a major effort. The Tribe also worked with the North Fork John Day Watershed Council, USFS and ODFW to coordinate projects and support similar projects throughout the John Day Basin.

  20. Protect and Restore Red River Watershed, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bransford, Stephanie [Nez Perce Tribe Fisheries/Watershed Program

    2009-05-04

    The Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Watershed Division approaches watershed restoration with a ridge-top to ridge-top approach. The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) and the Nez Perce National Forest (NPNF) have formed a partnership in completing watershed restoration activities, and through this partnership more work is accomplished by sharing funding and resources in our effort. The Nez Perce Tribe began watershed restoration projects within the Red River Watershed of the South Fork Clearwater River in 2001. Progress has been made in restoring the watershed through road decommissioning and culvert replacement. From completing a watershed assessment to two NEPA efforts and a final stream restoration design, we will begin the effort of restoring the mainstem channel of Red River to provide spawning and rearing habitat for anadromous and resident fish species. Roads have been surveyed and prioritized for removal or improvement as well as culverts being prioritized for replacement to accommodate fish passage throughout the watershed. Another major, and extremely, important component of this project is the Red River Meadow Conservation Easement. We have begun the process of pursuing a conservation easement on approximately 270 acres of prime meadow habitat (Red River runs through this meadow and is prime spawning and rearing habitat).

  1. Walla Walla River Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volkman, Jed (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Pendleton, OR)

    2005-12-01

    In 2002 and 2003, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Fisheries Habitat Program implemented stream habitat restoration and protection efforts on private properties in the Walla Walla River Basin with funding from Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The objective of this effort is to protect and restore habitat critical to the recovery of weak or reintroduced populations of salmonid fish. The CTUIR has currently enrolled nine properties into this program: two on Couse Creek, two adjacent properties on Blue Creek, one on Patit Creek, and four properties on the mainstem Walla Walla River. Major accomplishments during the reporting period include the following: (1) Secured approximately $229,000 in project cost share; (2) Purchase of 46 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River to be protected perpetually for native fish and wildlife; (3) Developed three new 15 year conservation easements with private landowners; (4) Installed 3000 feet of weed barrier tarp with new plantings within project area on the mainstem Walla Walla River; (5) Expanded easement area on Couse Creek to include an additional 0.5 miles of stream corridor and 32 acres of upland habitat; (6) Restored 12 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River and 32 acres on Couse Creek to native perennial grasses; and (7) Installed 50,000+ new native plants/cuttings within project areas.

  2. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation North Fork John Day River Basin Anadromous Fish Enhancement Project, Annual Report for FY 2000.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macy, Tom L.; James, Gary A.

    2003-03-01

    The CTUIR North Fork John Day River Basin Anadromous Enhancement Project (NFJDAFEP) identified and prioritized stream reaches in The North Fork John day River basin for habitat improvements during the 2000 project period. Public out reach was emphasized during this first year of the project. We presented multiple funding and enhancement options to landowners. We concentrated on natural recovery methods, riparian fencing and off-stream livestock water developments. Under this BPA contract four riparian easements were signed protecting almost 5 miles of tributary streams. There are nine offstream water developments associated with these easements. Some landowners chose to participate in other programs based on Tribal outreach efforts. Two landowners chose NRCS programs for enhancement and one chose OWEB as a funding source. Two landowners implemented there own enhancement measures protecting 3 miles of stream. Cooperation between the NRCS/FSA/SWCDs and the Tribe to create joint projects and develop alternative funding scenarios for riparian enhancement was a major effort. The Tribe also worked with the North Fork John Day Watershed Council, USFS and ODFW to coordinate projects and support similar projects throughout the John Day Basin. We provided input to the John Day Summary prepared for the NWPPC by ODFW. The Tribe worked with the Umatilla National Forest on the Clear Creek Dredgetailings Rehabilitation project and coordinated regularly with USFS Fisheries, Hydrology and Range staff.

  3. Solar envelope zoning: application to the city planning process. Los Angeles case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    Solar envelope zoning represents a promising approach to solar access protection. A solar envelope defines the volume within which a building will not shade adjacent lots or buildings. Other solar access protection techniques, such as privately negotiated easements, continue to be tested and implemented but none offer the degree of comprehensiveness evident in this approach. Here, the City of Los Angeles, through the Mayor's Energy Office, the City Planning Department, and the City Attorney's Office, examine the feasibility of translating the concept of solar envelopes into zoning techniques. They concluded that envelope zoning is a fair and consistent method of guaranteeing solar access, but problems of complexity and uncertainty may limit its usefulness. Envelope zoning may be inappropriate for the development of high density centers and for more restrictive community plans. Aids or tools to administer envelope zoning need to be developed. Finally, some combination of approaches, including publicly recorded easements, subdivision approval and envelope zoning, need to be adopted to encourage solar use in cities. (MHR)

  4. Final Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal Year 1975 Proposed Program : Facility Location Evaluation for Maple Valley 500-KV Reinforcement, Study Area 75-14.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1974-11-11

    The proposed plan of service consists of the construction of approximately 16 miles of double-circuit 500-kV transmission line. Of this total length 0.5 miles will require new right-of-way easement, 8.25 miles would parallel existing transmission lines, and 7.25 would occur on existing right-of-way. In addition, a new substation will also be required southwest of Snoqualmie, Washington. Construction of the proposed 16-mile transmission line would require approximately 134 acres of new right-of-way easement. About 6.5 miles of the line's length would traverse forested land resulting in the removal of about 105 acres from the production of timber. Construction of the new Snoqualmie Substation would require about 30 acres of land and would remove from 20 to 25 acres of forest land from production. Also expected to occur is the disturbance of game in the immediate vicinity of the facilities during construction, some soil erosion primarily during and immediately after construction, siltation in nearby streams, disturbance of nearby residents from noise and dust during construction, and some degradation of AM reception immediately adjacent to the right-of-way. Removal of one and possible removal of two other residences is unavoidable. The latter towers and removal of screening vegetation will pose a visual impact on residents and travelers using local highways.

  5. Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal Year 1975 Proposed Program : Facility Location Evaluation for Richland Area Electrical Service.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1974-01-01

    The proposal involves the construction of 35.2 miles of 230-kV and 3.6 miles of 115-kV transmission line as well as the associated construction of three new substation facilities. A total of 697 acres of the new easement required for the proposed transmission facilities would occur entirely within the Atomic Energy Commission's Hanford Reservation where land uses and public access are already restricted for safety reasons. The removal of vegetative cover in the reservation during construction operations will increase an already high potential for wind erosion. An additional 5 miles of new right-of-way easement will be required outside of the Hanford Reservation crossing primarily sagebrush rangeland with some irrigated cropland being removed from production. Depending upon actual sites selected for the three new substation facilities a total of up to approximately 60 acres of sagebrush rangeland would be permanently removed from production. Disturbance of game in the immediate vicinity of the transmission facilities will occur during construction, as will some soil erosion primarily during and immediately after construction, siltation in nearby streams, disturbance of nearby residents from noise and dust during construction and some degration of AM reception immediately adjacent to the right-of-way. 15 figs.

  6. Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal Year 1975 Proposed Program : Facility Location Supplement for Maple Valley 500-kV Reinforcement Study Area 75-14.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1975-01-01

    The proposed plan of service consists of the construction of approximately 16 miles of double-circuit 5000kV transmission line. Of this total length 2.5 miles will require new right-of-way easement, 8.25 miles would parallel existing transmission lines, and 7.25 would occur on existing right-of-way. In addition, a new substation will also be required southwest of Snoqualmie, Washington. Construction of the proposed 16-mile transmission line would require approximately 134 acres of new right-of-way easement. About 6.5 miles of the line's length would traverse forested land resulting in the removal of about 105 acres from the production of timber. Construction of the new Snoqualmie Substation would require about 25 acres of land and depending upon the actual site selected would remove from 20 to 25 acres of forest land from production. Also expected to occur is the disturbance of game in the immediate vicinity of the facilities during construction, some soil erosion primarily during and immediately after construction, siltation in nearby streams, disturbance of nearby residents from noise and dust during construction, and some degradation of AM reception immediately adjacent to the right-of-way. 16 figs.

  7. Research of the distribution of tourists’ attributes based on internet data: A case study of Kunming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bingyang; Yang, Kun; Wang, Jiasheng

    2017-09-01

    With the development of the era of big data, the ever-growing user trajectory provides the basis for studying multi-scale tourist activity law. This paper selected 17 famous tourist attractions in Kunming. Sina Microblog, Ctrip Travel, Lvmama Travel Network and other platforms were used to extract 139727 records between Oct. 2015 and Sep. 2016. The methods of data mining and clustering analysis were used to explore the activity characteristics of tourists with different attributes in scenic spot and the activity differences of different age tourists in different scenic spots affected by season, not only considered gender, geographical, check-in time and other factors, but also the introduced age attributes. At the same time, the scenic area is divided into “Adolescent active pattern”, “Young and middle-aged women active pattern”, “Middle-aged and old men active pattern” and “General active pattern” according to different tourists’ activities law of different gender and age in spatial perspective. Research shows that female tourists are mainly distributed in the Green Lake Park, Nanping Street, Dounan Flower Market and other attractions, elderly male tourists are mainly distributed in Expo Park, Jindian area. Foreign tourists accounted for 86.32% of the total tourists, reflecting the rapid development of tourism in Kunming. The spatial distribution of tourist attractions has an impact on the distribution of tourists’ attributes. The number of tourists of Shilin, Jiuxiang, Guandu Ancient Town are accounted for 36.38% of the total tourists, which shows that the spatial distribution of tourist attributes is consistent with the development of key tourist areas in Kunming.

  8. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Nikhil Agarwal

    2009-01-01

    In the second part of the fall issue, we are pleased to introduce you the special issue on ICEP09 conference which was conducted at scenic city of Marrakech in Morocco in end September 2009. The conference was held on various themes relating to eCommerce, ePayments, eStrategies, eBanking. Authors have come from all continents like Amercias, Europe, Asia, and Africa. It was a great meeting of intellectuals working in related field. JIBC was the proud supporter of the conference. As promise...

  9. Renault tackling new designs for fuel burnup and pollution cleanup

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-02-01

    Over the past years, auto-makers have made great strides in gasoline and diesel motorization. Indeed, new cars burn up less fuel and release smaller amounts of polluting emissions. The Renault group has long been addressing an environmentally friendly policy, and accordingly manufacturing vehicles that burn up less fuel. Renault developments have spurred the most recent advances in this area. The group is now tackling new designs, such as the ADIVI or the Camless engine. The auto-maker is now working on substitute fuels such as natural gas, and on advanced post-treatment solutions. Renault has already engineered a Scenic 1.6 16V, low emissions demonstrator. (authors)

  10. Geomorphology; Geochronology; São Francisco river; Northeast of Brazil. / Geological and geomorphological characterization of the State Park of Ibitipoca, MG (Brazil: ground for the understanding of its geopatrimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Carla Moreira Bento

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The State Park of Ibitipoca (PEI is a state conservation unit most visited in the state of Minas Gerais,according to data from State Forest Institute (IEF, 2012 and these statistics reflect the great scenic beautyof its geopatrimony, such as caves, waterfalls, river beaches, stone bridge, etc. The objective of this studyis to make the local geological and morphological characterization so that one can understand the existinggeopatrimony there. One hopes that the information made available here may be, in the future, adaptedand passed on to the park visitors, promoting not only the contemplation, but also the understanding ofgeopatrimony, under the perspective of valuing this aspect of nature.

  11. [Research progress on wetland ecotourism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li-Long; Lu, Lin

    2009-06-01

    Wetland is rich in biodiversity and cultural diversity, possessing higher tourism value and environmental education and community participation functions. Wetland ecotourism reflects the sustainable development of tourism economy and wetland protection, having received great concern from governments and scholars at home and abroad. This paper summarized the related theories and practices, discussed the research advances in wetland ecotourism from the aspects of significance, progress, contents, methods and results, and pointed out the important research fields in the future, aimed to accelerate the development of wetland ecotourism research and to provide reference about the resources exploitation, environment protection, and scientific administration of wetland and related scenic areas.

  12. La divulgazione del paesaggio in ambito turistico: criteri, metodi, esperienze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick Bradley

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the tourist context, the landscape meaning, as defined by the European Landscape Convention (ELC, is not yet well understood: actually, landscape is just conceived as a scenic view of the territory (panorama. This situation limits the role that landcape observation should play in policies aimed at promoting a sustainable and competitive tourism development. In order that landscape become a crucial element in visiting and knowing the territory, it is necessary to activate popularization methods able to capture and stimulate the tourist interests. The adoption of polularization methods could make tourism an extraorinary opportunity for applying the ELC principles, as they contitute important tools also for landscape sensitization.

  13. “Unto our kin and posterity” – the festival of spiritual and material creativity of Dinaric Serbs, who colonized Vojvodina, as a rite of passage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Karin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The research will focus on the “Unto our kin and posterity” Festival, which is the leading scenic presentation of Dinaric Serbs in Vojvodina. The festival enables a reinterpretation of the local-regional identities of Dinaric Serbs, and a public display and affirmation of their subcultural identity. The methodology used to approach the issue of importance and emphasis placed on the Festival as a singularly important event which features the infallible element of dance, is van Gennep’s concept of “rite of passage”, in its broader sense.

  14. Coastal flux

    OpenAIRE

    Hodkinson, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    non-peer-reviewed Spending so much time by the sea my interests have always lay in the coast and our relationship with these seascapes. As an island nation the coastline is deeply rooted in our society. Personally I have a great association and infinity with the Burren and a small village on the coast, called Fanore. It’s a scenic region with a beautiful sandy golden beach and towering limestone mountains that sink below the water’s edge. It is an area that experiences a ...

  15. Theatre and Neurosciences: from expanded intention to the spectator’s performative experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Sofia

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This text deals with the study of theatre as intersubjective relationships between human beings, highlighting the dialogue with researches in cognitive neurosciences. It presents a comparison between these two disciplines, guided by the question: if the actor on stage organizes his own body-mind system in a different way, is it possible to study this difference in terms of neuroscience? It discusses the answer to that question from the need to formulate theoretical hypotheses to prepare and forward experimentations: expanded intention, ambiguity of the actor, the co-constitution of scenic space and the spectator’s performative experience.

  16. 景観造成のための緑地保全に関する研究

    OpenAIRE

    井上, 晋; Inoue, Susumu

    1983-01-01

    The objectives of this paper are to establish a theory and techniques for the creation of scenic green space for enhancing human life, and to demon・ strate the results of technical methods of landscape analysis. It is considered that plant life forms are the most important and basic elements of the non-urbaned landscape on green space. Therefore, in this report, the author suggests that green space are characterized by various com・ binations of types and its elements of life forms, and that l...

  17. Digital data and geologic map of the Powder Mill Ferry Quadrangle, Shannon and Reynolds counties, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDowell, Robert C.; Harrison, Richard W.; Lagueux, Kerry M.

    2000-01-01

    The geology of the Powder Mill Ferry 7 1/2-minute quadrangle , Shannon and Reynolds Counties, Missouri was mapped from 1997 through 1998 as part of the Midcontinent Karst Systems and Geologic Mapping Project, Eastern Earth Surface Processes Team. The map supports the production of a geologic framework that will be used in hydrogeologic investigations related to potential lead and zinc mining in the Mark Twain National Forest adjacent to the Ozark National Scenic Riverways (National Park Service). Digital geologic coverages will be used by other federal and state agencies in hydrogeologic analyses of the Ozark karst system and in ecological models.

  18. For a Theatrical Genetics: assumptions and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almuth Grésillon

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Is it possible to apply to theatre the genetic method, known and used in the field of literature? A theatrical work is a heterogeneous set of textual and scenic data, an ephemeral and fleeting entity, because every staging – but also every presentation – necessarily produces new modifications: text cuts; variations in body movements; different voice timbres; lighting; the pace of the event, etc. In these conditions, how is it possible to retrace the genesis of the work, among objects of several kinds and with multiple finishes?

  19. The Laboratory Theatre Spectator’s Paradox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bénédicte Boisson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the concept of spectator in the Laboratory Theatre of Jerzy Grotowski, a complex and ever evolving idea. If Grotowski sought, throughout various spectacles of the Laboratory Theatre, to create a true encounter between actors and spectators – whose relationship is at the centre of his theatre – he quickly put into question the efficiency of the spectator’s participation and of the merging of scenic and audience spaces. The encounter he sought to foster in spectacles such as The Constant Prince or Akropolis consisted in keeping the spectators away from what they saw, insisting on the specific stance of the latter.

  20. Usina do Trabalho do Ator: the recognition of an identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Tejera Lisbôa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the main points of the career of the theatre group UTA – Usina do Trabalho do Ator, by making a brief overview of its scenic achievements thus far. We also seek to recognize the more important characteristics of UTA, built and set up along this career, such as the plasticity and musicality of its achievements, dramaturgy itself, a result of the group’s experiments and improvisations, as well as a permanent and careful actor’s research, supported mainly by theatrical anthropology practices.

  1. 78 FR 6832 - Call for Nominations for the John Day-Snake Resource Advisory Council, Oregon/Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ...The Secretary of the Interior requests public nominations for persons to serve on the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Oregon/ Washington John Day-Snake Resource Advisory Council (RAC). Citizens who serve on this council will provide advice and recommendations to the BLM on land use planning and management of the National System of Public Lands within their geographic areas and management options for National Landscape Conservation System sites like the Spring Basin and Badlands Wilderness Areas as well as the Lower Deschutes and John Day Wild and Scenic Rivers. The BLM will accept public nominations for 15 days after the publication of this notice.

  2. Geology of the country around Goole, Doncaster and the Isle of Axholme: memoir for 1:50000 geological sheet 79 and 88

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaunt, G.D.

    1994-12-31

    The area described in this memoir forms the southern part of the Vale of York, Great Britain, a low-lying, largely drift-covered, rather featureless tract. However, its lack of scenic attractiveness does not detract from its considerable geological interest and economic importance. Not only does the memoir provide some insights into the impact of climate change in the past but it also documents the very significant impact that man has had on the landscape of the region, including the effects of the coal industry.

  3. Night and days in Cassiciacum: The anti-Manichaean theodicy of Augustine’s De ordine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Therese Fuhrer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In his early dialogue ‘On order’ (De ordine Augustine dramatises a discussion of theodicy in which the Manichaean solution is clearly rejected, even though the debate ends in aporia. It is argued in this paper that the dialogue’s dramatic setting at the villa in Cassiciacum is strongly reminiscent of Manichaean imagery and the stock motifs of the Manichaean mythological system. It is proposed in the dialogue itself, that the scenic elements (Augustine’s ill health, night and darkness, the dawning day, dirt and ugliness, fighting cocks have the character of signs which illustrate the significance of the not-beautiful and the negative in the divine order. The dialogue setting thus presents an ontological scale that leads from the levels of reduced being up to the highest being, linking night or darkness to light or day, dirt to purity, sickness to health, defeat to victory, the ugly to the beautiful. The dialogue setting becomes a semiotic system in which even the ontologically deficient forms of phenomenon always also refer to something at the highest level, namely the omnipotent divine creator. The scenic design of De ordine can thus be read as an extension of the Manichaean system of codes, and hence as a message also addressed to a Manichaean readership.

  4. Night and days in Cassiciacum: The anti-Manichaean theodicy of Augustine’s De ordine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Therese Fuhrer

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In his early dialogue ‘On order’ (De ordine Augustine dramatises a discussion of theodicy in which the Manichaean solution is clearly rejected, even though the debate ends in aporia. It is argued in this paper that the dialogue’s dramatic setting at the villa in Cassiciacum is strongly reminiscent of Manichaean imagery and the stock motifs of the Manichaean mythological system. It is proposed in the dialogue itself, that the scenic elements (Augustine’s ill health, night and darkness, the dawning day, dirt and ugliness, fighting cocks have the character of signs which illustrate the significance of the not-beautiful and the negative in the divine order. The dialogue setting thus presents an ontological scale that leads from the levels of reduced being up to the highest being, linking night or darkness to light or day, dirt to purity, sickness to health, defeat to victory, the ugly to the beautiful. The dialogue setting becomes a semiotic system in which even the ontologically deficient forms of phenomenon always also refer to something at the highest level, namely the omnipotent divine creator. The scenic design of De ordine can thus be read as an extension of the Manichaean system of codes, and hence as a message also addressed to a Manichaean readership.

  5. [Recreational attraction of urban park wetlands in Beijing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fen; Sun, Ran-Hao; Chen, Li-Ding

    2012-08-01

    Taking the 20 urban park wetlands in Beijing as test objects, a 3-layer evaluation index system including urban park wetland landscape quality, location condition, and accessibility for the recreational attraction of urban bark wetlands was established, and, by using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and an integrating index evaluation method, the recreational attraction of the urban park wetlands in Beijing was quantitatively assessed, and validated with questionnaire data. In Beijing, the urban park wetlands with high recreational attraction were in the order of the Summer Palace, Olympic Park, Qinglong Lake Park, Beihai Park, Yuanmingyuan Park, Yuyuantan Park, Shidu, Golden Sea Lake scenic area, Taoranting Park, and Yeyahu wetland. The Rice Fragrance Lake wetland and Zhenzhuhu scenic area had the lowest recreational attraction, and the others were fair. The evaluation results were supported by the questionnaire data, which indicated that the index system and evaluation model were useful. According to the recreational services, the 20 park wetlands in Beijing could be clustered into four categories, which could be managed in different ways. Appropriately assessing the recreational services of urban park wetlands could help the decision-making on the urban parks optimal planning and designing, improve human living environment, and optimize the spatial distribution of urban landscape.

  6. Narrative techniques in between the acts Narrative techniques in between the acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Mills

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to discuss the techniques used by Virginia Woolf in her last novel, Between the Acts, 1 it is necessary to make a few general comments about the basic modes of narration. These widely recognized modes are described by William Peden as scene, in which the author depicts the action in the process of its taking place; summary, in which the author compresses action necessary to include but not of specific importance or interest to require more direct scenic method; and descripition, in which the author halts action to describe what the narrator or the characters see. In order to discuss the techniques used by Virginia Woolf in her last novel, Between the Acts, 1 it is necessary to make a few general comments about the basic modes of narration. These widely recognized modes are described by William Peden as scene, in which the author depicts the action in the process of its taking place; summary, in which the author compresses action necessary to include but not of specific importance or interest to require more direct scenic method; and descripition, in which the author halts action to describe what the narrator or the characters see.

  7. Select state inland wetland protection laws. A review of the state laws and their natural resource data requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, S. B.

    1980-01-01

    Although many states afford some measure of protection for wetland areas through flood-plain regulations or through programs for coastal areas, shorelands, scenic and wild rivers or pollution control, few states have programs that adequately deal with conservation of wetlands. Only 16 states have legislation specifically regulating development or use of wetlands. Most of the wetland acts apply only to coastal wetlands, several to inland wetlands and three acts apply to both. Many other states are still regulating wetland use through the dredge and fill and/or critical area program. Several offer tax incentives to property owners to encourage protection of wetlands or broader open spaces. Many states have acquired wetlands for park and wildlife purposes and a large measure of wetland protection is achieved by the very restrictive controls applied to floodways areas. Direct floodplain or floodway regulations or state standards for local regulations were adopted in 24 states but protection of ecological values of wetlands is rarely an explicit objective of these programs. Scenic and wild river programs adopted in one half of the states provide some protection for wetland areas.

  8. Efficient Metaheuristics for the Mixed Team Orienteering Problem with Time Windows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damianos Gavalas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Given a graph whose nodes and edges are associated with a profit, a visiting (or traversing time and an admittance time window, the Mixed Team Orienteering Problem with Time Windows (MTOPTW seeks for a specific number of walks spanning a subset of nodes and edges of the graph so as to maximize the overall collected profit. The visit of the included nodes and edges should take place within their respective time window and the overall duration of each walk should be below a certain threshold. In this paper we introduce the MTOPTW, which can be used for modeling a realistic variant of the Tourist Trip Design Problem where the objective is the derivation of near-optimal multiple-day itineraries for tourists visiting a destination which features several points of interest (POIs and scenic routes. Since the MTOPTW is a NP-hard problem, we propose the first metaheuristic approaches to tackle it. The effectiveness of our algorithms is validated through a number of experiments on POI and scenic route sets compiled from the city of Athens (Greece.

  9. Demonstrating High-Accuracy Orbital Access Using Open-Source Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbertson, Christian; Welch, Bryan

    2017-01-01

    Orbit propagation is fundamental to almost every space-based analysis. Currently, many system analysts use commercial software to predict the future positions of orbiting satellites. This is one of many capabilities that can replicated, with great accuracy, without using expensive, proprietary software. NASAs SCaN (Space Communication and Navigation) Center for Engineering, Networks, Integration, and Communications (SCENIC) project plans to provide its analysis capabilities using a combination of internal and open-source software, allowing for a much greater measure of customization and flexibility, while reducing recurring software license costs. MATLAB and the open-source Orbit Determination Toolbox created by Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) were utilized to develop tools with the capability to propagate orbits, perform line-of-sight (LOS) availability analyses, and visualize the results. The developed programs are modular and can be applied for mission planning and viability analysis in a variety of Solar System applications. The tools can perform 2 and N-body orbit propagation, find inter-satellite and satellite to ground station LOS access (accounting for intermediate oblate spheroid body blocking, geometric restrictions of the antenna field-of-view (FOV), and relativistic corrections), and create animations of planetary movement, satellite orbits, and LOS accesses. The code is the basis for SCENICs broad analysis capabilities including dynamic link analysis, dilution-of-precision navigation analysis, and orbital availability calculations.

  10. The kingdom of Armenia as the last bastion of Hellenism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi Koubatian

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to H. Nerzetian’s tragedy in verse "Artavasdes and Cleopatra". The action takes place in the second half of the first century BC, when Armenia, together with Rome and Pathia, was one of the most powerfull empires in the ancient world. The timeline highlighted in the play covers about twenty years. However both the scenic action and the scenic time are only indicated by odd images. The only invention by the author is the encounter between Cleopatra and Artavasdes and remains on the sidelines of the play. Appearing in the foreground are the everlasting philosophical clashes: Duty and Self-love, Integrity and Perfidy, Man and Power, the Fatherland and the World. An extremely important idea it is that man is incapable of discerning either another man or the essential events that take place in the world around him. The characters solve problems that are relevant not only for them but also for the reader. The author often introduces elements of irony and absurdity, that are inherent to the many dialogs in “Artavasdes and Cleopatra”. Clashing intonations in the form of differing times display additional effects.

  11. The work of the couple Brailowsky in the mirror of Serbian critiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosusova Nadežda

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Leonid (1867-1937 and Rimma (1877-1959 Brailowsky brought to Belgrade National theatre (together with other Russian emigrated stage and costume designers the spirit of the World of Art (Mir Iskusstva, making décor and costumes for 18 performances during the period of 1921-1924. Les romanesques by Edmond Rostand, Le malade imaginaire by Molière, Shakespeare's Richard III, Merchant of Venice and King Lear and two Serbian dramas, Offenbach's Hoffmann's Tales, Faust by Gounod, Smetana's Bartered Bride, Bizet's Carmen Onegin and Queen of Spades by Tchaikovsky, Massenet's Manon, The Tsar's Bride by Rimsky-Korsakov, The Wedding of Miloš by Petar Konjović, the Serbian opera composer, two ballets, Sheherazade and Nutcracker. The artists, husband and wife, were praised for their modernization of the Belgrade scene, for their vivid realization of sets and costumes, for their novelties, especially in Serbian historical dramas by Branislav Nušić and Milutin Bojić, and Shakespeare as well. In operas and ballets they were also respected in some extent, but the pictorial, sometimes independent value of their scenic work, although inspired by music, arouse opposing questions among the musical critics, who could not accept their too bright colors which once conquered Paris in the scenic interpretation of Leon Bakst or Nikolai Roerich. To avoid resistance of Belgrade critics the couple decided to leave Yugoslav capital for Italy where they continued successfully their artistic career.

  12. Mapping availability of sea view for potential building development areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alphan, Hakan; Sonmez, Fizyon

    2015-07-01

    Scenic attraction can be regarded as one of the most important factors for recreation- and/or tourism-oriented landscape planning and management processes. Sea view is generally one of the most predominant scenery components of coastal landscapes. Therefore, presence and degree of its availability contribute to scenic attraction of residential development sites. This attribute of the environment can be quantified by GIS-based visibility analyses that rely on multiple viewshed calculations, during which observation and/or target locations are taken as variables. The main aim of this paper is to analyze availability of sea view for currently undeveloped (i.e., non-built-up) areas in an urbanized coast in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Four study sites (sites 1-4) of varying geomorphological and built-up features, located approximately 40 km south of the city of Mersin, were taken into consideration. Multiple viewshed analyses were performed using a high-resolution terrain model and 541, 533, 540, and 532 observation points for the sites, 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Impact of topography and built-up features on sea visibility was discussed in the light of visibility information classified as percentage visibility of the sea surface available from each of the sites.

  13. Landscape ecological assessment and eco-tourism development in the South Dongting Lake Wetland, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ping; Wang, Bao-zhong

    2003-03-01

    As an important resource and the living environment of mankind, wetland has become gradually a highlight, strongly concerned and intensively studied by scientists and sociologists. The governments in the world and the whole society have been paying more and more attention on it. The Dongting Lake of China is regarded as an internationally important wetland. For a rational development and protection of the wetland, an investigation and studied on its resources and its value to tourism in the South Dongting Lake was conducted, to create an assessment system of the ecological landscapes, and to evaluate qualitatively and quantitatively the value of wetland landscape to the ecotourism. The results showed that the scenic value of the South Dongting Lake Wetland satisfied the criterion of AAAA grade of China national scenic attraction. The eco-tourism value of the landscape cultures in the South Dongting Lake Wetland was discussed with emphasis. It were formulated that a principle and frame of sustainable exploitation of the wetland landscapes and it was proposed as well that establishing a Wetland Park and developing eco-tourism in the South Dongting Lake Wetland is a fragile ecosystem with low resistance to the impact of the exploitation. Thus, we must pay intensively attention to the influence of exploitation on the landscape, take the ecological risk in account to employ a right countermeasure and avoid the negative affection.

  14. Solar total energy-large scale experiment, Shenandoah, Georgia site. Annual report, June 1977--June 1978. [For Bleyle Knitwear Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None,

    1978-06-01

    The site was described in terms of location, suitably, accessibility, and other factors. Detailed descriptions of the Solar Total Energy-Large Scale Experiment Application (STE-LSE) (Bleyle of America, Inc., Knitwear Plant), the DOE owned Meteorology Station operating at the site, and the instrumentation provided by the Georgia Power Company to measure energy usage within the knitwear plant are included. A detailed report of progress is given at the Shenandoah Site, introduced by the STE-LSE schedule and the Cooperative Agreement work tasks. Progress is described in terms of the following major task areas: site/application; instrumentation/data acquisition; meteorology station; site to STES interface; information dissemination. A brief overview of milestones to be accomplished is given, followed by these appendices: solar easement agreement, interface drawing set, and additional site background data. (MHR)

  15. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-100)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosales, Michael A. [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Portland, OR (United States)

    2002-08-15

    Vegetation Management along the Libby-Conkelly, 1/2 to 26/4 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 230kV Double Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 125 feet to 250 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA’s overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation.

  16. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-61) - Bell-Boundary No. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosales, Michael A. [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Portland, OR (United States)

    2002-04-15

    Vegetation Management along the Bell-Boundary No.3, 84/4 to 96/1 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 230kV Double Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 100 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor. BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA’s overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation.

  17. Practical boundary surveying legal and technical principles

    CERN Document Server

    Gay, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This guide to boundary surveying provides landowners, land surveyors, students and others with the necessary foundation to understand boundary surveying techniques and the common legal issues that govern boundary establishment.  Boundary surveying is sometimes mistakenly considered a strictly technical discipline with simple and straightforward technical solutions.  In reality, boundary establishment is often a difficult and complex matter, requiring years of experience and a thorough understanding of boundary law.  This book helps readers to understand the challenges often encountered by boundary surveyors and some of the available solutions. Using only simple and logically explained mathematics, the principles and practice of boundary surveying are demystified for those without prior experience, and the focused coverage of pivotal issues such as easements and setting lot corners will aid even licensed practitioners in untangling thorny cases. Practical advice on using both basic and advanced instruments ...

  18. Environmental Baseline Survey for Installation of Five New Hydrogeologic Groundwater Monitoring Wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catechis, Christopher S. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-07-01

    This Phase I Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS) provides the findings of a survey and assessment for termination of an existing easement granted to the Department of Energy (DOE) for the installation of 5 new hydrogeologic groundwater monitoring wells located on KAFB, New Mexico. The purpose of this EBS is to: Document the nature, magnitude, and extent of any environmental contamination of the property. Identify potential environmental contamination liabilities associated with the property. Develop sufficient information to assess the health and safety risks. Ensure adequate protection for human health and the environment related to a specific property. Determine possible effects of contamination on property valuation, and serve as the basis for notice of environmental condition for applicable federal or local real property disclosure requirements.

  19. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-120 Hanford-Ostrander Corridor Maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchinson, Ken [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Portland, OR (United States)

    2003-02-10

    Vegetation Management for the Hanford-Ostrander Transmission Line Corridor from Tower 10/4 to Tower 17/2 + 770. The line is a 500kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 300 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in the indicated sections of the transmission line corridor as referenced on the attached checklist. The work will include the performance of road maintenance and tower pad maintenance along the Hanford-Ostrander transmission line. Maintenance will be performed from Tower 10/1, close to Army Loop road near the northeast corner of 200 West Area of the Hanford Nuclear Reservation to the western edge of the Arid Lands Ecological Reserve (ALE) at Tower 17/2 + 700. Total distance of the work is approximately 7.5 miles. The planned work includes spraying with herbicides to minimize vegetation regrowth along the access roads and removing shrubs from within 50 feet of each transmission tower.

  20. Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal Year 1975 Proposed Program : Facility Location Evaluation for Hanford No. 2 Integrating Transmission : Ashe-Hanford 500 KV Transmission Line Study Area 74-3.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1974-03-08

    Proposed construction of a 17.8-mile 500-kV single-circuit line running from BPA's Ashe Substation Site near the Hanford No. 2 nuclear power plant site to the existing Hanford Switching Station. This facility would be located entirely within the Hanford Reservation of the Atomic Energy Commission north of the City of Richland in Benton County, Washington. Construction of the proposed transmission line would require a total right-of-way easement of approximately 612 acres through grassland. That area actually occupied by the tower footings would be removed from rangeland uses. Disturbance of game in the immediate vicintiy of the route will occur during construction as will some soil erosion primarily during and immediately after construction, siltation in nearby streams, distrubance of nearby residents from noise and dust during construction, and some degradation of AM reception immediately adjacent to the right-of-way. 10 figs.

  1. Assessing Nebraska playa wetland inundation status during 1985-2015 using Landsat data and Google Earth Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Zhenghong; Li, Yao; Gu, Yue; Jiang, Weiguo; Xue, Yuan; Hu, Qiao; LaGrange, Ted; Bishop, Andy; Drahota, Jeff; Li, Ruopu

    2016-12-01

    Playa wetlands in Nebraska provide globally important habitats for migratory waterfowl. Inundation condition is an important indicator of playa wetland functionality. However, there is a lack of long-term continuous monitoring records for playa wetlands. The objective of this study was to determine a suitable index for Landsat images to map the playa inundation status in March and April during 1985-2015. Four types of spectral indices-negative normalized vegetation index, Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), modified NDWI, and Tasseled Cap Wetness-Greenness Difference (TCWGD)-were evaluated to detect playa inundation conditions from Landsat images. The results indicate that the TCWGD is the most suitable index for distinguishing playa inundation status. By using Landsat images and Google Earth Engine, we mapped the spring inundation condition of Nebraska playas during 1985-2015. The results show that the total inundated areas were 176.79 km(2) in spring migratory season, representing 18.92% of the total area of playa wetlands. There were 9898 wetlands inundated at least once in either March or April during the past 30 years, representing 29.41% of a total of 33,659 historical wetlands. After comparing the historical hydric soil footprints and the inundated areas, the results indicate that the hydrological conditions of the majority of playas in Nebraska have changed. The inundated wetlands are candidates for protection and/or partial restoration, and the un-inundated wetlands need more attention for wetland restoration. Wetlands in areas enrolled in conservation easements had a significantly high level of playa inundation status than non-conserved wetlands during spring migratory seasons in the past decades.These conservation easements only count for 4.29% of the total footprint areas, but they have contributed 20.82% of the inundation areas in Nebraska during the past 30 years.

  2. Demonstrating a Market-Based Approach to the Reclamation of Mined Lands in West Virginia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodrich-Mahoney, John; Donnelly, Ellen

    2009-12-31

    This project demonstrated that developing environmental credits on private land—including abandoned mined lands—is dependent on a number of factors, some of them beyond the control of the project team. In this project, acid mine drainage (AMD) was successfully remediated through the construction of a passive AMD treatment system. Extensive water quality sampling both before and after the installation of the passive AMD treatment system showed that the system achieved removal efficiencies and pollutant loading reductions for acidity, iron, aluminum and manganese that were consistent with systems of similar size and design. The success of the passive AMD treatment system should have resulted in water credits if the project had not been terminated. Developing carbon sequestration credits, however, was much more complex and was not achieved in this project. The primary challenge that the project team encountered in meeting the full project objectives was the unsuccessful attempt to have the landowner sign a conservation easement for his property. This would have allowed the project team to clear and reforest the site, monitor the progress of the newly planted trees, and eventually realize carbon sequestration credits once the forest was mature. The delays caused by the lack of a conservation easement, as well as other factors, eventually resulted in the reforestation portion of the project being cancelled. The information in this report will help the public make more informed decisions regarding the potential of using water and carbon, and other credits to support the remediation of minded lands through out the United States. The hope is that by using credits that more mined lands with be remediated.

  3. Geologic map of the Beacon Rock quadrangle, Skamania County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evarts, Russell C.; Fleck, Robert J.

    2017-06-06

    The Beacon Rock 7.5′ quadrangle is located approximately 50 km east of Portland, Oregon, on the north side of the Columbia River Gorge, a scenic canyon carved through the axis of the Cascade Range by the Columbia River. Although approximately 75,000 people live within the gorge, much of the region remains little developed and is encompassed by the 292,500-acre Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, managed by a consortium of government agencies “to pro­tect and provide for the enhancement of the scenic, cultural, recreational and natural resources of the Gorge and to protect and support the economy of the Columbia River Gorge area.” As the only low-elevation corridor through the Cascade Range, the gorge is a critical regional transportation and utilities corridor (Wang and Chaker, 2004). Major state and national highways and rail lines run along both shores of the Columbia River, which also provides important water access to ports in the agricultural interior of the Pacific Northwest. Transmission lines carry power from hydroelectric facilities in the gorge and farther east to the growing urban areas of western Oregon and Washington, and natural-gas pipelines transect the corridor (Wang and Chaker, 2004). These lifelines are highly vulnerable to disruption by earthquakes, landslides, and floods. A major purpose of the work described here is to identify and map geologic hazards, such as faults and landslide-prone areas, to provide more accurate assessments of the risks associated with these features.The steep canyon walls of the map area reveal exten­sive outcrops of Miocene flood-basalt flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group capped by fluvial deposits of the ances­tral Columbia River, Pliocene lavas erupted from the axis of the Cascade arc to the east, and volcanic rocks erupted from numerous local vents. The Columbia River Basalt Group unconformably rests on a sequence of late Oligocene and early Miocene rocks of the ancestral Cascade volcanic arc

  4. Visual Resource Analysis for Solar Energy Zones in the San Luis Valley

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, Robert [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Abplanalp, Jennifer M. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Zvolanek, Emily [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Brown, Jeffery [Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of the Interior

    2016-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of a study conducted by Argonne National Laboratory’s (Argonne’s) Environmental Science Division for the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The study analyzed the regional effects of potential visual impacts of solar energy development on three BLM-designated solar energy zones (SEZs) in the San Luis Valley (SLV) in Colorado, and, based on the analysis, made recommendations for or against regional compensatory mitigation to compensate residents and other stakeholders for the potential visual impacts to the SEZs. The analysis was conducted as part of the solar regional mitigation strategy (SRMS) task conducted by BLM Colorado with assistance from Argonne. Two separate analyses were performed. The first analysis, referred to as the VSA Analysis, analyzed the potential visual impacts of solar energy development in the SEZs on nearby visually sensitive areas (VSAs), and, based on the impact analyses, made recommendations for or against regional compensatory mitigation. VSAs are locations for which some type of visual sensitivity has been identified, either because the location is an area of high scenic value or because it is a location from which people view the surrounding landscape and attach some level of importance or sensitivity to what is seen from the location. The VSA analysis included both BLM-administered lands in Colorado and in the Taos FO in New Mexico. The second analysis, referred to as the SEZ Analysis, used BLM visual resource inventory (VRI) and other data on visual resources in the former Saguache and La Jara Field Offices (FOs), now contained within the San Luis Valley FO (SLFO), to determine whether the changes in scenic values that would result from the development of utility-scale solar energy facilities in the SEZs would affect the quality and quantity of valued scenic resources in the SLV region as a whole. If the regional effects were judged to be significant, regional

  5. ZONEAMENTO AMBIENTAL DO SETOR SUL DO PARQUE NACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Cardoso de Matos VALE

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The elaboration of an environmental zoning is an important tool to subsidize a handling plan and the management of protected areas. In this paper a methodology was established to proceeds environmental zoning having the environmental legislation as criteria to process a digital database GIS-supported (GIS – Geographical Information System. The study area was the south part of the Chapada Diamantina National Park. The database used to produces the environmental zoning map consist of vegetation, soil use, topographic features, hydric resources, scenic beautiful, and tourist, historical and archeological potential areas. The technical support assured by the GIS process were revealed essential to develop this methodology. They provided consistent and expressed overall results, beside the similar point with the landscape reality that was identified in the area of this paper.

  6. A sustainable landscape ecosystem design: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lei-Chang; Ye, Shu-Hong; Gu, Xun; Cao, Fu-Cun; Fan, Zheng-Qiu; Wang, Xiang-Rong; Wu, Ya-Sheng; Wang, Shou-Bing

    2010-05-01

    Landscape planning is clearly ecologically and socially relevant. Concern about sustainability between human and environment is now a driving paradigm for this professional. However, the explosion of the sustainable landscape in China is a very recent phenomenon. What is the sustainable landscape? How is this realized in practice? In this article, on the basis of the reviews of history and perplexities of Chinese landscape and nature analysis of sustainable landscape, the ecothinking model, an implemental tool for sustainable landscape, was developed, which applies ecothinking in vision, culture, conservation and development of site, and the process of public participation for a harmonious relationship between human and environment. And a case study of the south entrance of TongNiuling Scenic Area was carried out, in which the most optimum scenario was chosen from among three models according to the ecothinking model, to illustrate the construction of the ecothinking model and how to achieve a sustainable landscape.

  7. Water quality and algal conditions in the North Umpqua River, Oregon, 1995-2007, and their response to Diamond Lake restoration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Kurt D.; Anderson, Chauncey W.; Jones, Mikeal E.

    2014-01-01

    The Wild and Scenic North Umpqua River is one of the highest-quality waters in the State of Oregon, supporting runs of wild salmon, steelhead, and trout. For many years, blooms of potentially toxic blue-green algae in Diamond and Lemolo Lakes have threatened water quality, fisheries, and public health. The blooms consist primarily of Anabaena, a nitrogen (N)-fixing planktonic alga that appears to have contributed to N enrichment, which could account for changes in communities and biomass of periphyton, or attached benthic algae, in the river. Periphyton can become a nuisance in summer by affecting riffle habitat and causing high pH that fails to meet State of Oregon water-quality standards. These symptoms of nutrient enrichment in the North Umpqua River were first documented in 1995, and the symptoms have continued since then. Restoring natural ecosystem processes that store nutrients rather than fueling algae might help improve pH and water-clarity conditions.

  8. Digital museums of the imagined architecture: an integrated approach to the definition of cultural heritage’s knowledge paths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo R.D. Accardi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to highlight a multidisciplinary approach to define new ways of knowledge of architectures and urban contexts that were drawn but never built. In particular, the focus is on a set of 18th century representations, created in the field of scenic illusion. The work was firstly carried out in order to define the structure of a Digital Museum Ontology, a complex semantic resource able to store documents of various typologies. Then, it was elaborated a digital museum project, which starting from existing images will introduce to an interactive way of experiencing the heritage in question. This experimentation has the intent of finding a best practice for the creation of virtual exhibitions. 

  9. TOURISM AND ITS IMPACT ON COX'S BAZAR, BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isan ZAHRA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Cox’s Bazar is one of Bangladesh’s leading coastal areas, mainly because of its scenic beauty. Tourism in this area led to the development of facilities such as hotels, restaurants, airport, gift shops etc. and supports local communities in form of employment opportunity. Recently, this area is showing signs of negative environmental impacts such as excessive crowds, poor waste management, security issues, and unplanned construction of hotels to support excessive local tourist demand. This implies that Cox’s Bazar has socio-economic and environmental impacts mainly caused from domestic tourism; certain areas that require immediate attention are discussed in this paper based on the concept of sustainability.

  10. Research on Customer Satisfaction in Marine Cultural and Sustainable Tourism—A Case Study of Shanghai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Zheng

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, marine cultural tourism, an emerging tourism mode, has become more and more popular among tourists, and demonstrates broad market prospects. However, Chinese marine cultural tourism is still in the development and growth stage, and the level of customer satisfaction is uneven. The improvement of the customer satisfaction level is conducive to meeting customers’ demands in marine cultural tourism and enhancing the competitiveness of Chinese marine cultural tourism. Based on theoretical research and the practical situation of marine cultural tourism, this paper implements empirical investigation and research into customer satisfaction in marine cultural tourism in Shanghai, China. According to the research results, it proposes improving the level of customer satisfaction in Chinese marine cultural tourism from the perspectives of ocean culture tourism promotion, customer satisfaction evaluation, service level management and environment construction of scenic spots, tourism branding and the marine cultural accomplishments of tourists, so as to promote the sustainable development of marine cultural tourism.

  11. Water development projects map

    Science.gov (United States)

    A new map showing major water development projects across the United States has been published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The map shows the location, size, and ownership of approximately 2800 of the nation's major multipurpose and flood control dams and virtually all of the reservoir storage and flood control capacity of the country. Other features illustrated on the map include U.S. Bureau of Reclamation surface water irrigation projects; watershed protection projects of the U.S. Soil Conservation Service; hydroelectric power facilities, including both federal plants and nonfederal plants leased by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers navigation and flood damage reduction projects; and the federal systems of wild and scenic rivers. The map also delineates major rivers and the 21 USGS water resources region boundaries so that users of the map can locate development projects with respect to drainage basins.

  12. A conversational introduction to algebraic number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Pollack, Paul

    2017-01-01

    Gauss famously referred to mathematics as the "queen of the sciences" and to number theory as the "queen of mathematics". This book is an introduction to algebraic number theory, meaning the study of arithmetic in finite extensions of the rational number field \\mathbb{Q}. Originating in the work of Gauss, the foundations of modern algebraic number theory are due to Dirichlet, Dedekind, Kronecker, Kummer, and others. This book lays out basic results, including the three "fundamental theorems": unique factorization of ideals, finiteness of the class number, and Dirichlet's unit theorem. While these theorems are by now quite classical, both the text and the exercises allude frequently to more recent developments. In addition to traversing the main highways, the book reveals some remarkable vistas by exploring scenic side roads. Several topics appear that are not present in the usual introductory texts. One example is the inclusion of an extensive discussion of the theory of elasticity, which provides a precise w...

  13. A Large Lunar Surface Testbed from Low Cost Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickman, Douglas

    2014-01-01

    For users needing to simulate the lunar surface, several distinct avenues have been used. Numerous volcanic areas, including Hawaii, have been used. While providing very large areas and scenic interest, field parties to such an area is expensive and limits testing time. An alternative is to build test facilities locally. This has been done many ways, contrast GRC-1, GSC-1, BP-1 and the KSC Morpheus facility [1-4]. GRC-1 is a mixture of sand and clay; GSC-1 and BP-1 are waste materials created in the process of crushing basaltic rock. The Morpheus field used salvaged concrete and crushed quartz rock [5]. Here I report about a 30 m X 30 m test area at MSFC which was both low cost and relatively high fidelity [6].

  14. New species and records of Burmagomphus Williamson, 1907 (Odonata, Gomphidae) from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hao-Miao; Kosterin, Oleg E; Cai, Qing-Hua

    2015-08-07

    Four new species of Burmagomphus Williamson, 1907 are described from Southwestern China: B. apricus sp. nov. from Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve, Menglun Town, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province; B. magnus sp. nov. from Huayudong, Nanxi Town, Hekou County, Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Honghe, Yunnan Province, B. dentatus sp. nov. from Zhangjiang River in Xiaoqikong scenic spot, altitude 400 m, Libo County, Guizhou Province, and B. latescens sp. nov. from Sifangjing, Mengding Town, Gengma County, Lincang City, Yunnan Province. New records of Burmagomphus spp. in China are provided, with B. asahinai and B. williamsoni williamsoni for the first time reported from China. A revised checklist of Burmagomhus spp. of China is provided which includes 14 species. A doubtful record of B. arboreus and relations of the newly described species are discussed. All types are deposited in the Collection of Aquatic Animals, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.

  15. Study on ecological conservation planning of Xianyue Park in Xiamen City, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Naizhong; Xi, Rong; Ren, Tingyan; Zhao, Peng; Chuai, Zeyao

    2017-08-01

    The paper discusses the current situation and existing problems of ecological restoration and tourist infrastructure development of Xiamen Xianyue Park located in Xiamen Island, China. Issues of ecosystem restoration and landscape improvement, restoring habitats, and ecosystem management system are analyzed. Options of further optimization of the tourist-targeted infrastructure are proposed, which take into account the ecological system and landscape pattern optimization, promotion of ecotourism, and implementation of the ecological management system. The particular solution envisages the park zoning with three primary zones (ecological protection, ecological buffer, and general activity zones) and five secondary ones (scenic landscape, ecotourism, religious activity, buildings and structures, and entertainment zones). By integrating the ecological principles into other land use objectives, taking full advantage of the park ecological and cultural heritage, and improving its ecological management, it is expected to provide the ecological restoration of the park under study and optimize its contribution to the regional economic and social development.

  16. Conferencia: Burbuja Zero-Una

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlus Padrissa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the transcript of the conference given by Carlus Padrissa, one of the founding members of the theater company “La Fura dels Baus”, on April 26, 2012, as part of the Conference Cycle “Theatre and Cyberculture” organized at the University of Granada. In his speech Padrissa presents the beginnings of La Fura, which was founded in 1979 as a group of street theater, to break strongly in the Spanish theater stage a few years later with the show Accions. Describing the company’s search process of an own scenic language, he emphasizes the influence of musical movements of the time, and the incorporation of new technologies that characterize La Fura performances. Finally, Padrissa analyzes the process of producing a Stokhausen’s opera entitled Sonntag aus Licht, and ends the conference by mentioning the use of the latest discoveries of robotics in the creative process of La Fura dels Baus.

  17. L'attore sincero: espansione ed integrazione del Sé (corporeo dell'attore contemporaneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Masotti

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Relying on the contribution of disciplines such as clinical Psychology, more specifically bioenergetic analysis, the neurosciences and Theatre Studies have been developed some considerations about the competence and efficacy of the actor in contemporary scene. Two theoretical paradigms are involved, articulating the functions of the bodily Self and the different levels of conscious experience lived by the patient and, or, the actor. Just as for musical chords, these functions and, or, levels are liable to subdivisions, connections and combinations (supplementary functional connections. The methods of body mediation used in psychotherapy may lose their efficacy by idealizing any of these levels and functions to the detriment of the others. It is here discussed how such an effect may be produced by the actors' training systems and stage performance as well, thus affecting their competence and scenic credibility.

  18. Acteurs amateurs et créations professionnelles: des chœurs citoyens en représentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Katuszewski

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the last twenty years, several directors and choreographers incorporate non-professional actors in their show: Frédéric Fisbach in L’Annonce faite à Marie, staged in 1996, joined a chorus of amateur actors to professional actors, as well as Pippo Delbono in his Henry V (2003. Romeo Castellucci and Jérôme Bel also combine non-professional actors with professional actors in their performances, and Pina Bausch, replayed her famous Kontakthof show with retirees and teenagers. Why these directors and choreographers are choosing to mix professional and non-professional actors? After noting that they generally involve a significant number of people, forming what they call “a choir”, we will analyze this fleeting participation in a scenic experience. Aren’t we facing a choice of “contamination” of the theater stage, usually reserved to the professional actors?

  19. Renault and autogas; Renault et le GPLC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2001-09-01

    Renault is a major actor on autogas market since the tax rebate applied in France on LPG motor fuel in 1995. This OEM always stood as the leader on this market, with a share of 44% in France in 2000. Since June 2001, Renault has a new offer with Twingo, Kangoo and Scenic LPG under Euro III (Euro 2000 standards). The series will be widened before the end of the year with Nouvelle Clio, Megane sedan and estate, and Laguna II LPG. For this purpose, Renault has invested in the development of a new gaseous injection system (AG Autogas'SGI controlled by a Sagem ECU) and will be the first OEM to offer a system developed to its own specifications. This informations was already known, but Renault's statement, released at mid-July, is a strong indication of the renewal of the French market. (authors)

  20. Association Rule Analysis for Tour Route Recommendation and Application to Wctsnop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, H.; Chen, C.; Lin, J.; Liu, X.; Fang, D.

    2017-09-01

    The increasing E-tourism systems provide intelligent tour recommendation for tourists. In this sense, recommender system can make personalized suggestions and provide satisfied information associated with their tour cycle. Data mining is a proper tool that extracting potential information from large database for making strategic decisions. In the study, association rule analysis based on FP-growth algorithm is applied to find the association relationship among scenic spots in different cities as tour route recommendation. In order to figure out valuable rules, Kulczynski interestingness measure is adopted and imbalance ratio is computed. The proposed scheme was evaluated on Wangluzhe cultural tourism service network operation platform (WCTSNOP), where it could verify that it is able to quick recommend tour route and to rapidly enhance the recommendation quality.