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Sample records for satire hermippus redivivus

  1. Satire in Music

    OpenAIRE

    Leon Stefanija

    2011-01-01

    The article surveys the scope of satire and suggests its range. It is divided into six sections. The introductory comment (The semantics of music) briefly outlines the fact that music has always been a part of communicative endeavors. The historical background of the semantic issues in music is described (Historical surmises), which is necessary to define satire in music as a specific genre combining features from different musical forms. The third section discusses six areas as the most...

  2. Fearing religious satire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Dennis Meyhoff

    2015-01-01

    The article examines the history of the fear of religious satire in modern Europe. The article argues that this fear primarily concerns the potential dissolution of 'the social bond of society' or 'the moral and social order'. From the 17th Century until today, censorship measures and blasphemy...

  3. Satire in Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Stefanija

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article surveys the scope of satire and suggests its range. It is divided into six sections. The introductory comment (The semantics of music briefly outlines the fact that music has always been a part of communicative endeavors. The historical background of the semantic issues in music is described (Historical surmises, which is necessary to define satire in music as a specific genre combining features from different musical forms. The third section discusses six areas as the most common contexts of musical satire: 1 satirical music theater works, such as the opera Il Girello by Jacopo Melani, the famous Coff ee Cantata (Schweigt Still, plaudert nicht, BWV 211 by Johann Sebastian Bach, Der Schulmeister by Georg Philipp Telemann, The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay, and so on; 2 musical genres associated with satire, either a within vocal-instrumental music; for instance, opera buffa, Singspiel, operetta, cabaret, vaudeville, and so on, or b in instrumental pieces, such as capriccios, grotesques, scherzos, burlesques, and so on; 3 individual features or compositional parts related to satire; for example, in a vocal music, the Satiro in Orfeo by Luigi Rossi, the range of the Orlando character in eighteenth-century opera, who “may be satire, a fool or hero, but never all together” (Harris, 1986, 106, the satirical antihero Matěj Brouček in Leoš Janáček’s work, and also Lady Macbeth, and in b instrumental music, such as the sermon of St. Anthony in Gustav Mahler’s Second Symphony, his marches, and “low-brow tunes,” a number of episodes in Dmitri Shostakovich’s works, and so on; 4 works variously related to criticism, such as the work of Eric Satie, Kurt Weill, Luigi Nono, Maurizio Kagel, and Vinko Globokar, as well as Fran Milčinski (a.k.a. Ježek, Laibach, or Bob Dylan; 5 music journalism, from Johann Beer and Louis-Abel Beffroy de Reigny and his popular pieces de circonstance, to nineteenth-century music journalism, George

  4. The Satirical Value of Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baggaley, Jon

    2010-01-01

    Imaginary worlds have been devised by artists and commentators for centuries to focus satirical attention on society's problems. The increasing sophistication of three-dimensional graphics software is generating comparable "virtual worlds" for educational usage. Can such worlds play a satirical role suggesting developments in distance…

  5. Contesting Boundaries: Satire in Contemporary Morocco

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    El Khairat, A.

    2013-01-01

    The remarkable political change that Morocco has witnessed after the death of King Hassan II in 1999 and the succession of his son, Mohammed VI, has contributed to the development of Moroccan satire due to the margin of freedom allowed by the new regime. As a result of this political reform, satire

  6. Linguistic Expression of the Humor in Satires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bachyt M. Aitbaeva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to examine the semantic features of satires. Each literary artist chooses the most convenient form for the perception of reality. The humor is a form of aesthetic perception of reality. It is formed out of elements of comedy, irony and satire with the use of language and extralinguistic means.

  7. Evaluating "Cat Country": The Humor within Satire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chung-chien Karen

    2010-01-01

    Satire, as a mode, is not frequently employed in Chinese narratives. "Cat Country," or "Mao Cheng Ji," written by Lao She (pen name of Shu Qing Chun, 1898--1966) has come under much attack of its literary values. Whereas most critics have no doubt that this work sets out to satirize China through the portrayal of a society of…

  8. Hvad skal vi med Trump-satire?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2017-01-01

    Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til? Link: http://videnskab.dk/kultur-samfund/hvad-skal-vi-med-trump-satire...

  9. A survey on the theory and practice of Mashrote satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Riahi Zamin

    2009-03-01

    In addition to its social role, Mashrote satire can be notably studied from other aspects from view point of literature, satire role in language development, imagination, and creating new expressions and compounds are some subjects that can be independently surveyed.

  10. Metaphysical Modest Proposals Manganelli dealing with Satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arianna Marelli

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses Giorgio Manganelli's conception of «metaphysical satire», both in his theoretical writings (for which the most important model is Jonathan Swift, as in some concrete fictional samples. In particular, among the (posthumous edited materials of his laboratory (in his poems, as in the draft of a narrative treatise, a theme results pervasive: the satire of divinity. Here the mocking of an unbelieved – yet still feared – deity expresses itself in a specific figure: the cannibal god, whose ferocity, underneath the mask of the grotesque, reveals all the violence the author feels in the unbearable human destiny.

  11. Satire og diskurs i The Daily Show

    OpenAIRE

    Rygaard, Alexander Leicht; Dall, Christoffer; Jakobsen, Sebastian Rasch; Duvander, Søren; Knøster, Morten; Kirkegaard, Elissa Valles; Wallin, Dea

    2014-01-01

    This project examines how The Daily Show and its host Jon Stewart takes part in the American political debate. Furthermore, the term satire is explained by linguist Paul Simpson who reckons that satire is not as much a genre as it is a practice of discourse. By the use of detailed statistics by Gallup and Pew Research Center, a picture of the American media and its consumers is provided to explain why The Daily Show has gained more viewership through the years. Throughout a critical discourse...

  12. Daniël 2 as satire

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    23 Jan 2012 ... Daniel 2 as satire. Readers use intuitive and acquired knowledge about genres in interpreting what they read and hear, underlining the importance of establishing the genre of a specific piece of literature. The genre of the tales in the Book of Daniel (1–6) has been researched over a long period, without ...

  13. Hvad skal vi med Trump-satire?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2017-01-01

    Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?......Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?...

  14. Contemporary US-American Satire and Consumerism (Crews, Coupland, Palahniuk)

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    In her article "Contemporary US-American Satire and Consumerism (Crews, Coupland, Palahniuk)" J.C. Lee focuses on contemporary satire's potential (or lack thereof) for change, reform, or rebellion through an investigation of works by Harry Crews, Douglas Coupland, and Chuck Palahniuk, all of which target consumerism. The said writers employ satire not to initiate rebellion or cultural change, but to reflect the problematic role of institutions in modern life and, in turn, the potential, even ...

  15. Social Construction Theory and the Satir Model: Toward a Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Maria

    1997-01-01

    Synthesizes social construction theory and the Satir approach to family therapy as a process of cocreation of reality, the use of language and narrative, and the therapist's role as a participant-facilitator. Presents a theory-building process of the Satir approach to family therapy. (Author/MKA)

  16. The Language of Satire: An Exploration of Stylistic Devices in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the artistic use of language for satiric purposes in Tanure Ojaide are The Fate of Vultures. In many of the works of contemporary African poets, the language of satire creates both humour and a shock of recognition through the linguistic foregrounding of situations, character and events in the content and ...

  17. Satire as Protest: George Schuyler's Black No More and Wallace ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Satire as Protest: George Schuyler's Black No More and Wallace Thurman's The Blacker The Berry. Julia K Udofia. Abstract. George Schuyler and Wallace Thurman are usually regarded as the popular satirists of the Harlem Renaissance Movement. Although satire is both a specific literary genre and a literary manner, ...

  18. Galen, satire and the compulsion to instruct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Ralph M

    2010-01-01

    This chapter explores Galen's attitude toward instruction and teaching, and in particular the ways in which he conceptualized and articulated the didactic function of his writings. Galen's own rhetoric about why he wrote was often strident - his disparagement of contemporaries is famous, and his fondness for polemic is often regarded as a function of an eristic and arrogant personality. I suggest, however, that Galen's self-avowed role as a kind of public censor may derive as much from an amalgamation of rhetorical postures found in various literary and philosophical genres as it does from an inherently intemperate character. By examining various passages in Galen's protreptic and psychological works, I argue that his frequent stances of vituperative indignation and self-righteousness often resemble those found in satirical writings, from Cynic diatribe through Greek and Roman satirical poetry. Galen no doubt felt himself to be working in a serious tradition of Platonic and Stoic moralizing, but his particular form of didacticism was informed by various strategies assimilated from Greco-Roman serio-comic traditions.

  19. Giving Satirical Voice to Religious Conflict

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjarvard, Stig; Rosenfeldt, Mattias Pape

    2017-01-01

    This study concerns the Danish public service broadcaster DR’s television satire and comedy show Det slører stadig [Still Veiled] (2013) and its influence on public discussions and controversies concerning religion. Whereas news media’s coverage of Islam is often criticized for having a negative...... bias and thereby serving to escalate conflict, the cultural programming of public service broadcasters may provide different representations and enable more diverse discussions. In this study we consider how and to what extent Still Veiled gave rise to discussion and controversy concerning religion...... in both the general public sphere and in smaller cultural publics constituted through various social network media. The analysis shows that several, very different framings of religion appear in these debates. These debates furthermore involve a significant proportion of minority voices. The analysis...

  20. Contemporary US-American Satire and Consumerism (Crews, Coupland, Palahniuk)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lee, J.C; Lee, J.C

    2012-01-01

    .... Lee focuses on contemporary satire's potential (or lack thereof) for change, reform, or rebellion through an investigation of works by Harry Crews, Douglas Coupland, and Chuck Palahniuk, all of which target consumerism...

  1. Satiric grotesque in V.Visotsky’s creative work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soldatkina Anastasiya Vladimirovna

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article attempts to trace the influence of the grotesque satire on the work of Vladimir Vysotsky and clarify functions of satirical grotesque in his poetry. For this it is given a general definition of the grotesque as an artistic category, and it is considered a separate kind - a satirical grotesque. It turns out the function of the grotesque satire in the literature in general. It is discussed the poetry of Vysotsky, where the reception is found. It is revealed the feature of satirical grotesque in each individual poem (song by Vysotsky. It is taken into account observations and opinions of various researchers regarding the importance of the satirical grotesque in these texts. The article provides a brief comparative analysis of the grotesque songs by Vysotsky with individual works of Gogol and Mayakovsky. It is noted the impact of painting Salvador Dali on the creative consciousness of Vysotsky. Grotesque «Ballad of dummies» is compared with prosaic textual basis for this song prepared for the film «Escape of Mr. McKinley» Michael Schweitzer. In particular, it identifies the role between the «Herbarium» and comedy Mayakovsky>s «Bug». In this article the author is based on the observation of S.S. Shaulova, considering others, related to «Herbarium» by Vysotsky. Mayakovsky poems are revealed, which could serve as a possible source of the grotesque situation in the «Herbarium».

  2. Chancellor Angela Merkel: A Celtic Satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Stephens

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Glosses on Chancellor Angela Merkel: In ancient times the poets of Ireland and Scotland wrote satires on royals and chiefs they held to be administratively challenged and/or ungenerous to needy bards. The poems were not in strict form, but, generally, 17 line stanzas implied “should be put down”, while 13 line stanzas connoted “harmless but dim”. Walküre, whence Valkyrie, means “chooser of the slain” in Old German. In the bloodletting attending the formation of the present Grand Coalition in Germany, Edmund Stoiber was a casualty and withdrew, embittered, to lead Bavaria again. Angela is widely reported to find relief from the tensions of major political crises by baking cakes, a method more acceptable to the German middle-class than that once favoured by President Clinton. Prince Potemkin, lover and right-hand-man, of Czarina Catherine II, is – maybe slanderously – supposed to have had fake villages built in which actors mimed happy peasants as she drove past in her carriage. When Bush visited Angela’s provincial electorate, the real locals were sent somewhere else, while blokes from Germany’s security services replaced them, smiling, cheering and waving American flags. Consuming coffee and cake at 4 p.m. is the only Categorical Imperative that Germany absolutely obeys. The plot of Wagner’s Twilight of the Gods resembles a stale lamington, as do Germany’s present economic woes. The Grand Coalition is also looking crumbly and dry, despite Angela’s keeping it in the fridge in glad-wrap.

  3. Spitting Image and Pre-Televisual Political Satire : Graphics and Puppets to Screens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brillenburg Wurth, C.A.W.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, I read the satire TV show "Spitting Image" as a virtual archive of eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century graphic satire (John Gillray, George Cruikshank) and nineteenth-century street puppet-theatre (Punch and Judy). Though innovative as satire TV, "Spitting Image" remediated

  4. Comte redivivus

    OpenAIRE

    Bourdeau, Michel

    2007-01-01

    International audience; le post-positivisme n'étant en réalité qu'un post-néo-positivisme, il n'est pas surprenant que, sur bien des points, il ait développé des idées que Comte avait déjà très clairement dégagé

  5. Truth and Fibble-Fable in Renaissance Satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Madžarevič

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the years of my close involvement with wor(lds’ transactions, as a translator, in the triangle of the Renaissance doctors Rabelais, Montaigne, and, yes, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, the French author of the novel Journey to the End of Night (1932, their views on satire can be considered from a rather unconventional angle. By means of an imaginary morbid epistolary medical council, the impromptu introduction tries to entangle this peculiar trio in a freewheeling alliance, leading to the assumption that every translation defies the interpretational ambiguities of the utopian Thelema motto “Do as you will”. In the satirical context of all source and target faces, it is always acting on the verge of the paradoxical encomium, the hypothetical pasticcio, and obscurantist reversals of the original text. Of course, the issue at stake here is one of the convolutions of Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, Rabelais’ utopian Thelema Abbey, and the German Epistles of Obscure Men in pathetically wretched Latin. This paper deals with Renaissance and humanist satire, focusing on Rabelais’ five books of Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532–1564 and the interplay between the ideas of truth, truthfulness, and seriousness. In addition, the paper deals with how the Renaissance spirit of this satirical contemporary and ally of ours challenges the issue of verbal boundaries and the materiality of language.

  6. Satire and Utopian Vision in Hugo, Dickens, and Zamiatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Kathryn M.

    1985-01-01

    Examines Victor Hugo's "Ninety-three," Charles Dickens'"Tale of Two Cities," and Eugene Zamiatin's "We" as examples of romantic satire, considering in each work the quest motif, the oedipal themes, the dystopian vision, and the role of love. (AYC)

  7. Decoding the Metaphor of Internet Meme: A Study of Satirical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined an emerging trend in Internet discourse as metaphorical constructs used by individuals for communication online. The Internet meme is an evolving trend used for satirical illustrations and expression of intents in multimodal ways. While previous studies have focused on verbal metaphors signaled by ...

  8. 89 THE SATIRICAL CONTENT OF AKPOHA-AFIKPO OKUMPKO ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    to the first entry in Encyclopedia Britannica (2013) is defined as “something that stings especially a hurtful or critical comment. Okumkpo's operations Лefore the performance are like that of an 'undercover ' which is the fourth meaning given to stinger in the same dictionary. Therefore Okumkpo stings with its satiric and critical ...

  9. The oatmeal nematode Panagrellus redivivus survives moderately low temperatures by freezing tolerance and cryoprotective dehydration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Masakazu; Wharton, David A

    2011-04-01

    The cold tolerance abilities of only a few nematode species have been determined. This study shows that the oatmeal nematode, Panagrellus redivivus, has modest cold tolerance with a 50% survival temperature (S (50)) of -2.5°C after cooling at 0.5°C min(-1) and freezing for 1 h. It can survive low temperatures by freezing tolerance and cryoprotective dehydration; although freezing tolerance appears to be the dominant strategy. Freezing survival is enhanced by low temperature acclimation (7 days at 5°C), with the S (50) being lowered by a small but significant amount (0.42°C). There is no cold shock or rapid cold hardening response under the conditions tested. Cryoprotective dehydration enhances the ability to survive freezing (the S (50) is lowered by 0.55°C, compared to the control, after 4 h freezing at -1°C) and this effect is in addition to that produced by acclimation. Breeding from survivors of a freezing stress did not enhance the ability to survive freezing. The cold tolerance abilities of this nematode are modest, but sufficient to enable it to survive in the cold temperate environments it inhabits.

  10. Eustache Deschamps et la satire du ventre plein

    OpenAIRE

    Bliggenstorfer, Susanna

    2014-01-01

    Eustache Deschamps est un poète éminemment satirique. Quoique la définition de la satire soit variable, un tiers de son œuvre, multiple et variée, doit être rangé dans le registre de la satire. Nous nous proposons de montrer par la suite dans quelle mesure le manger fait partie de la manière satirique du poète. En vue d'une étude globale sur l'œuvre Eustache Deschamps, nous avons établi une banque de données à partir des 1501 pièces d'Eustache Deschamps contenues dans le manuscrit fr. 840 de ...

  11. Truth and Fibble-Fable in Renaissance Satire

    OpenAIRE

    Branko Madžarevič

    2011-01-01

    Throughout the years of my close involvement with wor(l)ds’ transactions, as a translator, in the triangle of the Renaissance doctors Rabelais, Montaigne, and, yes, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, the French author of the novel Journey to the End of Night (1932), their views on satire can be considered from a rather unconventional angle. By means of an imaginary morbid epistolary medical council, the impromptu introduction tries to entangle this peculiar trio in a freewheeling alliance, leading to th...

  12. Biographical parallelism in Russian satirical journalism of the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanko Alexander Ivanovich

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available When creating a satirical image Russian writers of the 19th century involved reception biographical parallelism. Pushkin, Belinsky, Herzen and other masters of the personal journalism in their satires, pamphlets, parodies disclosed traitors, informers, literary speculators. At the same time facts from the biographies of real people, subjected to reproof, were set out on a material of other biographies, often unreal characters. Thereby it was achieved a satirical effect and a way to avoid clashes with censorship.

  13. In vitro proteolysis of nematode FLPs by preparations from the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus and two plant-parasitic nematodes (Heterodera glycines and Meloidogyne incognita)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proteolytic activities in extracts from three nematodes, the plant parasites Heterodera glycines and Meloidogyne incognita, and the free-living Panagrellus redivivus, were surveyed for substrate preferences using a battery of seven FRET-modified peptide substrates, all derived from members of the la...

  14. Official Satire in Propaganda: The Treatment of the United States in the GDR's "Eulenspiegel."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bytwerk, Randall L.

    1989-01-01

    Examines 102 issues (published in 1985 and 1986) of the "Eulenspiegel," the only magazine in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) devoted to humor and satire. Focuses on the "Eulenspiegel's" treatment of the United States to determine the nature of that satire, its purposes, and its effectiveness. (MM)

  15. Automatic Detection of Satire in Twitter: A psycholinguistic-based approach

    KAUST Repository

    Salas-Zárate, María del Pilar

    2017-04-24

    In recent years, a substantial effort has been made to develop sophisticated methods that can be used to detect figurative language, and more specifically, irony and sarcasm. There is, however, an absence of new approaches and research works that analyze satirical texts. The recognition of satire by sentiment analysis and Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications is extremely important because it can influence and change the meaning of a statement in varied and complex ways. We used this understanding as a basis to propose a method that employs a wide variety of psycholinguistic features and which detects satirical and non-satirical text. We then went on to train a set of machine learning algorithms that would enable us to classify unknown data. Finally, we conducted several experiments in order to detect the most relevant features that generate a better pattern as regards detecting satirical texts. We evaluated the effectiveness of our method by obtaining a corpus of satirical and non-satirical news from Mexican and Spanish twitter accounts. Our proposal obtained encouraging results, with an F-measure of 85.5% for Mexico and one of 84.0% for Spain. Moreover, the results of the experiment showed that there is no significant difference between Mexican and Spanish satire.

  16. ' Church Wa N Memu ' : Satire in the Gospel Music of Niyi Adedokun ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper looks critically into the satirical presentations of gospel messages in Nigerian gospel musical performances. Even though there have been some revolutionary changes in Nigerian gospel music ill contemporary times, satirical presentations by Niyi Adedokun make Nigerian gospel mllsic more attractive to ...

  17. Monarchy, jesters, politicians and audiences Comparison of TV satire in UK and Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Valhondo Crego, Ph. D.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Satire programmes have become a frequent form of political communication on TV. After the liberalisation of media and the globalization of formats, countries like Spain have adopted satirical formats derived from earlier ones, which relied on old traditions from nearly the inception of television similar to the United Kingdom. The goal of this article is to build a definition of the genre, taking into account the examples of the two mentioned countries and, also, referring to both periods, before and after liberalisation. We will use a comparative methodology relative to the profile of the audiences, of the buffoons of satire and the role played by the politicians through the short history of television satire. The results point to an evolution. During the sixties in the past century, the genre targeted the middle classes, writers tried to popularize politics for a society respectful to the Establishment and politicians censored the program in case it created an imbalance between ideological options during elections. In the nineties, satire jesters acquired the main role in the show and the politicians not only immunized themselves against satire but seemed to take advantage of it.

  18. Spirituality-Based Analysis of Satir Family Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek Akça Koca

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality is used in family therapy as well as in individual therapy. Satir’s family therapy, which is included under experiential family therapy, began integrating spirituality after the 1980s by using spirituality to enhance congruence, which is the therapeutic aim of Satir’s model. While studies on the therapeutic use of spirituality in Turkey have only recently begun, studies on the use of spirituality in family therapy have yet to be encountered. Because spirituality strongly influences all family functions and individuals’ mental health, studies need to be performed on this subject. The purpose of this study is to examine the literature on the spiritual orientation of Satir’s family therapy. For this purpose, Satir’s spiritual approach is first explained, then the relationship between spiritual orientation and Satir family therapy is emphasized. This is followed by an explanation of the orientation using the iceberg metaphor and the self-mandala, finishing with examples of techniques used in therapy that have spiritual content.

  19. Proper names in the satirical writing 'An ugly dream' by D. M. Forski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilić Dragan V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the satirical paper 'A Bad Dream', proper names form a significant lexical layer which contributes significantly to achieving a grotesque and satirical portrayal of the everyday reality of the milieu the writer describes in a humorous and sardonic way, condemning his negative and ugly sides. Transforming real names, the author builds very expressive units that become carriers of various meanings. The transformation is accomplished by the procedures of substitutional, permutational, restrictive and proscriptive metaplasm. The writer's creative approach - 'a game of names' - has a indubitable impact in modeling his artistic world.

  20. The Inexhaustible Speech of Satire News - The case of Last Week Tonight With John Oliver

    OpenAIRE

    Kristinsdóttir, Svava

    2016-01-01

    This research, is one of satire news in the United States and what caused the rise in popularity and authority of the genre of comedy news programs. Specifically the research examines a fairly new show called Last Week Tonight With John Oliver, which has had tangible impact on real political events or issues. Despite the effects, John Oliver insist on it solely being a comedy program, and not working within a political agenda. Even though most satire news shows have their own way of performin...

  1. SATIRE AS A CYBER-MEDIATED PRACTICE THE CASE OF “NOON ALNISWA”

    OpenAIRE

    Huda Alsahi

    2017-01-01

    This paper intends to shed some light on what constitutes a new cyber-mediated practice in the context of Saudi Arabia, that is the use of satire as a communication strategy and a new mode of feminist cultural production, through examining the case of “Noon Alniswa” which is a satirical YouTube show that has been running since 2012. Thus, by focusing on “Noon Alniswa” as a concrete example, I seek to examine the case as a vivid example of the struggles which women are currently facing in the ...

  2. Daniël 2 as satire | Nel | HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Daniel 2 as satire. Readers use intuitive and acquired knowledge about genres in interpreting what they read and hear, underlining the importance of establishing the genre of a specific piece of literature. The genre of the tales in the Book of Daniel (1–6) has been researched over a long period, without leading to a ...

  3. Between Satire and Suture: Some Aspects of White Writing in Post-Apartheid South Africa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Erhard Reckwitz

    2006-01-01

    .... In the process, the initial attitude of political correctness vis-à-vis the black majority has given way to a more critical stance, which is evidenced by the spate of satirical writings that have emerged in South Africa in recent years...

  4. RUSSIAN SATIRICAL JOURNALISM FROM THE SOVIET PAST TO THE PRESENT RUSSIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Андрей Геннадьевич Романов

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article:Analysis of satirical journalism inRussia.A comparison of the factors affecting the development of satire in the press today and in the Soviet period.Description of barriers that exist for the development of satire in the press at this stage.Formulation of criteria to be met by modern mass satirical magazine.Show some of the features of the modern comic in the Russian press.The novelty of the work lies in the fact that the importance and the role of the comic in modern journalism is still a question, little studied by science. Of particular importance in this situation becomes identifying the basic factors that affect the availability of the comic in the media of different formats.In the article the following conclusions:With no well-developed public and state institutions with political journalism comic forced to go for it in unusual formats.The traditional entertainment magazines and genres are increasingly found the comic elements of social and political themes. This phenomenon is not peculiar glossy periodicals and other countries is a reflection of a particular modern socio-political situation in Russia. This can be a troubling symptom, warning of unsatisfactory performance of contemporary Russian media features effective communicator between the authorities and society.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-3-24

  5. RUSSIAN SATIRICAL JOURNALISM FROM THE SOVIET PAST TO THE PRESENT RUSSIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanov Andrey Gennadevich

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Analysis of satirical journalism in Russia. A comparison of the factors affecting the development of satire in the press today and in the Soviet period. Description of barriers that exist for the development of satire in the press at this stage. Formulation of criteria to be met by modern mass satirical magazine. Show some of the features of the modern comic in the Russian press. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that the importance and the role of the comic in modern journalism is still a question, little studied by science. Of particular importance in this situation becomes identifying the basic factors that affect the availability of the comic in the media of different formats. In the article the following conclusions: With no well-developed public and state institutions with political journalism comic forced to go for it in unusual formats. The traditional entertainment magazines and genres are increasingly found the comic elements of social and political themes. This phenomenon is not peculiar glossy periodicals and other countries is a reflection of a particular modern socio-political situation in Russia. This can be a troubling symptom, warning of unsatisfactory performance of contemporary Russian media features effective communicator between the authorities and society.

  6. Satire politique et sociale dans les opérettes de Gilbert et Sullivan Political and Social Satire in Gilbert and Sullivan’s Operettas

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    Anita Cornic

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Although Gilbert and Sullivan’s Operas were first and foremost light, humorous works devised to entertain their mostly middle-class audience, they are characterised by a certain amount of political and social satire, as this paper aims to show through telling examples. Beyond the merry and pleasant songs which remain part and parcel of the English cultural heritage, the shafts directed against the social and political institutions (especially the House of Lords and the class system have lost none of their piquancy and even relevance for today’s audience.

  7. Evaluacion de la toxicidad de Cr+6 , Cu+2 y el efluente de cromado de una industria metalmecánica utilizando panagrellus redivivus como organismo de prueba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahyr Murillo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los ensayos de toxicidad son procedimientos en los cuales las respuestas de ciertos organismos acuáticos son utilizadas para detectar el efecto producido por la presencia de sustancias nocivas o tóxicas. Se consideran una herramienta importante de control ambiental, puesto que permitan evaluar de una manera rápida y confiable los impactos de contaminantes tóxicos sobre los ecosistemas, así como evaluar riesgos potenciales de salud. En el presente trabajo se evaluó un bioensayo utilizando como organismo de prueba Panagrellus redivivus, nemátodo que ha mostrado una alta sensibilidad a un gran número de sustancias tóxicas. Se determinó que la CL50-96h para cromo hexavalente fue de 43 mg/l y para sulfato de cobre quelatado de 2,6 mg/l. Aunque la concentración letal, encontrada para estos elementos fue relativamente alta comparada con otros organismos acuáticos, es importante señalar que a concentraciones de 13 mg/l y 0,12 mg/l se observó un efecto significativo sobre el crecimiento y maduración de Panagrellus redivivus. Estos hechos señalaron que los metales evaluados pueden generar efectos subletales, aun a bajas concentraciones. Para el efluente evaluado se encontró que la CL50-96h fue de 1,4%, y concentraciones de 0,4 y 0,005 % producen una disminución en el crecimiento y maduración, respectivamente.

  8. Dominion cartoon satire as trench culture narratives: complaints, endurance and stoicism

    OpenAIRE

    Chapman, Jane; Ellin, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Although Dominion soldiers’ Great War field publications are relatively well known, the way troops created cartoon multi-panel formats in some of them has been neglected as a record of satirical social observation. Visual narrative humour provides a ‘bottom-up’ perspective for journalistic observations that in many cases capture the spirit of the army in terms of stoicism, buoyed by a culture of internal complaints. Troop concerns expressed in the early comic strips of Australians, Canadians,...

  9. Orwell's Satirical View of Romantic Love in the Terrorized World of Nineteen Eighty-Four

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    Mohammad Hossein Besharati

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The beginning of twentieth century was accompanied with the prevailing current of technology in different aspects of human life. At first, it incited a positive stimulus which could build a utopian world on the advancement of technology. However, the bloody World Wars averted this view and the technological utopia was replaced by Orwellian dystopia. Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is a satirical work which moves against Wells' utopian toward the reflection of a distorted technological society. Undoubtedly, satire is the best literary mode for dystopic depiction of the world specifically the one portrayed in Nineteen Eighty-Four. Winston Smith, the central character of this novel, is lower from his society in terms of intelligence and power of action. Therefore, he is put under rigid controls and brainwashing. And at last, he awfully rejects his love in favor the principles of the Party. Thus, in this study, we try to investigate Winston's romantic life in a satiric manner with respect to Northrop Frye's theme of romance which includes the three phase of agon, pathos and anagnorisis.

  10. SATIRE AS A CYBER-MEDIATED PRACTICE THE CASE OF “NOON ALNISWA”

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    Huda Alsahi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to shed some light on what constitutes a new cyber-mediated practice in the context of Saudi Arabia, that is the use of satire as a communication strategy and a new mode of feminist cultural production, through examining the case of “Noon Alniswa” which is a satirical YouTube show that has been running since 2012. Thus, by focusing on “Noon Alniswa” as a concrete example, I seek to examine the case as a vivid example of the struggles which women are currently facing in the Middle East and beyond, while seeking to address the following questions: (1 what are the prominent issues that have been featured and discussed in “Noon Alniswa”? (2 what are the overall consequences of the emergence of YouTube in particular, in relation to feminist action  (3 and  thirdly what is the role of producing and consuming online satire as a cyber-mediated practice?

  11. Spitting Image and Pre-Televisual Political Satire: Graphics and Puppets to Screens

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    Kiene Brillenburg

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Abstract: In this article, I read the satire TV show "Spitting Image" as a virtual archive of eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century graphic satire (John Gillray, George Cruikshank and nineteenth-century street puppet-theatre (Punch and Judy. Though innovative as satire TV, "Spitting Image" remediated the style of Georgian visual satire as well as the conventions of nineteenth-cenutry puppet theatre. This reading thus counters non-historical analyses of the show that have approached "Spitting Image" as being disconnected from pre-televisual satires.

    Résumé

     

    : Cet article propose une lecture du feuilleton télévisé satirique "Spitting Image" comme une archive virtuelle de deux sources historiques: les dessins satiriques des 18e et 19e siècles (John Gillray, George Cruikshank et le théâtre de marionnettes de rue du 19e siècle (Punch et Judy. "Spitting Image" passe à juste titre comme une émission très novatrice, mais son format mérite d'être analysé comme la "re-médiation" de formes plus anciennes. La présente lecture se propose donc de donner la réplique aux critiques historiquement non fondées qui insistent sur la solution de continuité entre "Spitting Image" et les formes satiriques antérieures à l'ère télévisée.

  12. The Characteristics of Satire and Humorous Language in Caricalamatures (based on Parviz-e Shapoor\\'s works

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    Yahya Talebian

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  Satirists, usually use literary language fused with lingual innovation, intricacy and elegance, so that the effect of satire will be doubled thus, the more defamiliarized a satire is, the stronger is its effect on the audience. Here, it seems that some characteristics such as brevity and condensation of sentences, plainness of expression, diction, colloquial expressions , hyperbolic expressions, word-plays and some devices and techniques like estrangement and defamiliarization, surprise, hysteron proteron (chiasmus and paradox, or reconciliation of the opposites, along with other underlying eloquence are effective in formation of caricalamatures, satire, irony and humorous language using common traditional figurative speech methods—methods which result from search in the unlimited and hidden potentialities of language.   In this research, the investigation of caricalamatures, satire and humorous language has been performed based on a descriptive-analytical approach which not only leads to the acquaintance with some idiosyncratic features of this genre, but also makes the appreciation of such works possible. These characteristics are seen in other caricalamaturists' language with little difference. But, besides his being an avant-garde, what marks Shapoor's satiric language as outstanding among other caricalamaturists is the tremendous influence he has left on the authors of his next generation .

  13. The Rudi Carrell Affair and its significance for the tension between theoterrorism and religious satire

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    Paul Cliteur

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article treats a largely forgotten or unknown episode in recent German and Dutch history, namely the intimidation of the Dutch‐German showmaster Rudi Carrell by representatives of the Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah Khomeini in 1987. The author tries to analyze some of the moral and political dilemmas involved in this affair and makes some comparisons with later events, such as the fatwa on Salman Rushdie or the Cartoon Affair as featured in the latest satirical film by the Coptic Christian Nakoula Basseley Nakoula.

  14. Comic invention and superstitious frenzy in Apuleius' 'Metamorphoses' : The figure of Socrates as an icon of satirical self-exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keulen, WH

    2003-01-01

    This article concentrates on the Apuleian Socrates ("Met." 1.6-19) as a programmatic figure who reflects both comic ambiguity of the novel and the paradoxical identity of its protagonist and main narrator and a superstitious initiate of a religious cult. It offers a reading of a satiric Socrates as

  15. Dans quelle mesure l’athéisme est-il inacceptable pour l’auteur du Theophrastus redivivus et pour Spinoza ?

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    Nicole Gengoux

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Un problème posé par le Theophrastus redivivus, traité anonyme achevé en 1659, matérialiste et athée (au sens actuel du terme, est que l’auteur tout en critiquant radicalement la croyance en dieu, affirme qu’il faut chasser l’athéisme de la cité. Son athéisme est pourtant « pensable » : non seulement le mot n’est pas anachronique pour le xviie siècle, comme le pensent de nombreux commentateurs, mais le traité lui-même fait la généalogie de la croyance tout en exposant un système de pensée cohérent qui se passe de dieu.Le rejet du terme « athéisme » est d’ordre moral et social car il désigne celui qui se laisse entraîner par ses instincts. L’auteur nous prévient, en quelque sorte, que ce n’est pas parce qu’il nie les dieux qu’il n’est pas respectueux des lois. Cependant, l’« inacceptabilité » du terme « athée » a aussi un sens plus profond : comment, en effet, concilier l’ordre social et l’absence d’un Bien et d’un Mal absolus ? Certes le traité propose une solution purement naturelle en fondant la morale sur l’amour de soi, mais comment le faire comprendre ? C’est peu « acceptable » au sens de « compréhensible ».Nous pouvons distinguer des degrés d’inacceptabilité : l’amoralisme théorique paraît plus inacceptable, encore, que l’affirmation de l’inexistence de dieu, parce qu’il risque d’entraîner la désobéissance civile : c’est cette dernière qui constitue l’inacceptable absolu, pour notre Anonyme comme pour les lecteurs. Une conséquence paradoxale est que la thèse de l’imposture des religions est peut-être, pour des raisons politiques, moins inacceptable que cet amoralisme et surtout que le constat par l’Anonyme de l’inefficacité totale des religions. Enfin, les choses pouvant être dites plus ou moins haut, l’acceptabilité suppose plus de complicité et d’hypocrisie de la part du lecteur que nous aurions tendance

  16. Satire, Parody and Scatology in Roald Dahl’s Children Literature

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    Patricia MARTÍN ORTIZ

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the humouristic element in Roald Dahl´s children literature. It is shown how the author writes a satire about society and politics. It is also seen his way of recreating fairy tales, doing a parody of classic characters and endowing them with qualities opposite to those they have in the original work. It is also seen how nonsense is the basis for many stories in his narrative and those jokes which are referred to dirt or body functions that connect so easily with children’s sense of humour. An attempt is made in this article to show the humouristic elements that the author uses to attract the reader’s attention.

  17. The Combination of Inconsistent Feelings in Satire or Humor on Persian Language (A Case study: Parviz e Shapoor s Caricalamatures)

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemeh Taslim Jahromi; Yahya Talebian

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Grotesque is a concept and style in art and literature in which artist or belletrist tries to induce two inconsistent senses of fear (anxiety or repulsion) or laugh (satire or humor) to second person simultaneously. Grotesque, today, describes and manifests distressed and alienation world. It means observing familiar world of strange perspective that shows off it fearful and ridiculous. The most prominent features that make a Grotesque work are as fallow: disharmony, extravagance...

  18. Little Devils and Satire in Vélez de Guevara’s El diablo cojuelo and Goethe’s Faust

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    Robin Ann Rice

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Besides the other sources that Goethe used when creating his Faust, in his private texts the author mentions his admiration for Le Diable Boiteux by Alain-René Le Sage. An eighteenth century French translation of El diablo cojeulo by Vélez de Guevara, it was extremely popular in its times. The article compares certain elements in the two works such as the objects satirized in the texts, the use of the ‘esperpento’, amongst other elements.

  19. The Combination of Inconsistent Feelings in Satire or Humor on Persian Language (A Case study: Parviz e Shapoor s Caricalamatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Taslim Jahromi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Grotesque is a concept and style in art and literature in which artist or belletrist tries to induce two inconsistent senses of fear (anxiety or repulsion or laugh (satire or humor to second person simultaneously. Grotesque, today, describes and manifests distressed and alienation world. It means observing familiar world of strange perspective that shows off it fearful and ridiculous. The most prominent features that make a Grotesque work are as fallow: disharmony, extravagance and exaggeration, abnormality and comic and terrifying. But one of the most important art and literature branches that Grotesque enters in it, is satire and humor that one of its kind is Caricalamatur.   Caricalamatur is a kind of short, simple and satire prose that paid attention to around to phenomenon and world by different attitude with aim of foregrounding and based on some people opinion, also, it is defined as a caricature that is expressed by worlds.   Grotesque in Caricalamaturs has special appearance particularly in Caricalamatur of Parviz e Shapoor, the pioneer of this style.Grotesque in Caricalamaturs is more the result of two technics of abnormality (paradox, and extravagance and exaggeration and present to it strange and comic and terrifying picture quality.   The most important of Grotesque technics in Caricalamaturs are disorder, levels integration, exaggeration, movement, metamorphosis and uses of antithetical and twin.This research has performed by descriptive- analytical method to recognize and investigate Grotesque concepts, how it occurs and its contents in Caricalamatur by evidence representation.

  20. Climate responses to SATIRE and SIM-based spectral solar forcing in a 3D atmosphere-ocean coupled GCM

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    Wen Guoyong

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply two reconstructed spectral solar forcing scenarios, one SIM (Spectral Irradiance Monitor based, the other the SATIRE (Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction modeled, as inputs to the GISS (Goddard Institute for Space Studies GCMAM (Global Climate Middle Atmosphere Model to examine climate responses on decadal to centennial time scales, focusing on quantifying the difference of climate response between the two solar forcing scenarios. We run the GCMAM for about 400 years with present day trace gas and aerosol for the two solar forcing inputs. We find that the SIM-based solar forcing induces much larger long-term response and 11-year variation in global averaged stratospheric temperature and column ozone. We find significant decreasing trends of planetary albedo for both forcing scenarios in the 400-year model runs. However the mechanisms for the decrease are very different. For SATIRE solar forcing, the decreasing trend of planetary albedo is associated with changes in cloud cover. For SIM-based solar forcing, without significant change in cloud cover on centennial and longer time scales, the apparent decreasing trend of planetary albedo is mainly due to out-of-phase variation in shortwave radiative forcing proxy (downwelling flux for wavelength >330 nm and total solar irradiance (TSI. From the Maunder Minimum to present, global averaged annual mean surface air temperature has a response of ~0.1 °C to SATIRE solar forcing compared to ~0.04 °C to SIM-based solar forcing. For 11-year solar cycle, the global surface air temperature response has 3-year lagged response to either forcing scenario. The global surface air 11-year temperature response to SATIRE forcing is about 0.12 °C, similar to recent multi-model estimates, and comparable to the observational-based evidence. However, the global surface air temperature response to 11-year SIM-based solar forcing is insignificant and inconsistent with observation-based evidence.

  1. "The Brain-Sucker: Or, the Distress of Authorship”: A Late Eighteenth-Century Satire of Grub Street

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    Ingo Berensmeyer

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Originally printed in the first issue of The British Mercury in 1787, “The Brain-Sucker: Or, the Distress of Authorship” is a piece of satirical short fiction that has so far received only little attention in discussions of eighteenth-century print culture and practices of authorship. Probably written by the Scottish radical John Oswald (c. 1760-1793, “The Brain-Sucker” is told in the form of a letter by a farmer who tells an absent friend about his unfortunate son Dick, whose brain has become infected by poetry. This “disorder” leads Dick to London, where he falls prey to a ruthless publisher, known as “the Brain-sucker”, who keeps him like a slave in a Grub Street garret. The farmer then travels to London to save his son from the clutches of the Brain-Sucker. We present the text, for the first time, in a critical edition, collated from the three surviving copies, with textual and explanatory notes. In the accompanying essay, we discuss the text’s context of origin in late eighteenth-century Grub Street and the cultural implications of its satirical presentation of authorship.

  2. « Nurseries of Vice and Folly » : Satires graphiques de l’opéra italien en Angleterre dans la première moitié du XVIIIe siècle “Nurseries of Vice and Folly”: Graphic Satires of Italian Opera in Early Eighteenth-Century Britain

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    Xavier Cervantes

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article surveys several examples of visual, and especially graphic, satires of Italian opera in early eighteenth-century Britain. They often targeted other imported dramatic genres or non-dramatic types of entertainment, such as pantomime and masquerades; these were connected to Italian opera because of their immorality and the threat they posed to patriotism and national ethics. These images can be considered the visual equivalents of many contemporary printed satires and critiques. However, even if these documents are genuine iconotexts, including textual fragments under various guises, their iconic specificity enlarged the scope for various types of satirical discourse, as appears in the detailed study of a striking example of intericonicity.

  3. Journalism, Caricature and Satirical Drawings in Early Picasso (1891–1895: The Awakening of Pablo Ruiz’s Critical Consciousness

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    X. Antón Castro

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In Pablo Picasso’s formative period in A Coruña (1891–1895, where he was born as an artist, the child and pre-adolescent who at that time signed himself as Pablo Ruiz, already knowing he was a genius, pursued an intense programme of creative activity while devoting himself to drawing and painting. Making use of his facility for reproducing the world around him in images, he also proved to be an incipient devotee of journalism as an instrument of communication and social awareness, a satirical draughtsman and caricaturist, seeking to give his version of events, in line with the magazines and newspapers of the period, and displaying a critical ability unusual in a child, a committed gaze, not devoid of humour and sarcasm, which prefigures the later Picasso with his progressive views, acute intelligence, meta-ironic approach and support for great causes.

  4. Analysis of SATIR test for the qualification of high heat flux components: defect detection and classification by signal-to-noise ratio maximization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cismondi, F.; Xerri, B.; Jauffret, C.; Schlosser, J.; Vignal, N.; Durocher, A.

    2007-03-01

    Plasma facing components (PFC) in Tore Supra and W7X adopt the flat tile concept using carbon fibre composite (CFC) material for the plasma facing material. As the cooling structure is made of a copper alloy material (CuCrZr), the bonding technique between CFC tiles and CuCrZr is critical. Currently, a soft metallic compliant layer is interposed between the two; in such a way the significant thermal expansion mismatch between carbon and copper can be accomodated. The development of a reliable non-destructive inspection technique (NDT) for the bond, to be performed during the manufacturing process, is obviously of great importance. The SATIR (infrared thermography) test bed operating at Commisariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA) Cadarache performs this function using transient infrared thermography: the thermal excitation is realized in the cooling channel and the presence of a faulty tile is detected in the form of a delayed thermal response. With this technique, the evolution of the surface temperature of an inspected element was compared to that of a defined free-defect element, using the so-called DTref criterion (maximum of the transient temperature difference). The defect detection capability of the SATIR test bed can be improved using signal processing methods. A first treatment based on spatial image autocorrelation allows a better localization of the bond defect. Moreover, the problem of detection and classification of random signals (like the thin defect signature) can be solved maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Two filters maximizing this ratio were optimized: the stochastic matched filter (SMF) aims at defect detection, while the constrained SMF aims at defect classification. These methods assume that the second-order properties of the process at play are known, through covariance matrices. All these methods process the SATIR signal utilizing any free-defect element as reference signal. The tile temperature signal is either processed by itself or

  5. Analysis of SATIR test for the qualification of high heat flux components: defect detection and classification by signal-to-noise ratio maximization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cismondi, F [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Xerri, B [Universite de Toulon et du Var, BP 132, 83957, La Garde (France); Jauffret, C [Universite de Toulon et du Var, BP 132, 83957, La Garde (France); Schlosser, J [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Vignal, N [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Durocher, A [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France)

    2007-03-15

    Plasma facing components (PFC) in Tore Supra and W7X adopt the flat tile concept using carbon fibre composite (CFC) material for the plasma facing material. As the cooling structure is made of a copper alloy material (CuCrZr), the bonding technique between CFC tiles and CuCrZr is critical. Currently, a soft metallic compliant layer is interposed between the two; in such a way the significant thermal expansion mismatch between carbon and copper can be accomodated. The development of a reliable non-destructive inspection technique (NDT) for the bond, to be performed during the manufacturing process, is obviously of great importance. The SATIR (infrared thermography) test bed operating at Commisariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) Cadarache performs this function using transient infrared thermography: the thermal excitation is realized in the cooling channel and the presence of a faulty tile is detected in the form of a delayed thermal response. With this technique, the evolution of the surface temperature of an inspected element was compared to that of a defined free-defect element, using the so-called DTref criterion (maximum of the transient temperature difference). The defect detection capability of the SATIR test bed can be improved using signal processing methods. A first treatment based on spatial image autocorrelation allows a better localization of the bond defect. Moreover, the problem of detection and classification of random signals (like the thin defect signature) can be solved maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Two filters maximizing this ratio were optimized: the stochastic matched filter (SMF) aims at defect detection, while the constrained SMF aims at defect classification. These methods assume that the second-order properties of the process at play are known, through covariance matrices. All these methods process the SATIR signal utilizing any free-defect element as reference signal. The tile temperature signal is either processed by itself

  6. “Cash Is Better than Tenure”: (DeConstructing the “Posthistorical University” in James Hynes’s Gothic Academic Satire The Lecturer’s Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreescu Raluca

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the manner in which James Hynes’s novel The Lecturer’s Tale (2001 can be read as a satire of what Bill Readings identified in his influential The University in Ruins (1996 as the “posthistorical university.” I argue that, in the contemporary context in which higher education establishments are becoming more like corporations and the idea of culture is replaced by the “discourse of excellence,” Hynes’s novel offers an insightful discussion of universities’ negotiation of the Scylla of the pursuit of profit and the Charybdis of self-absorbed literary theorizing and its association with political correctness, the exploitation of junior and non-tenured faculty, and the quest for academic stardom. At the same time, I discuss the way in which the Gothic elements that permeate the novel fittingly double and deepen the critique of contemporary educational establishments and professors.

  7. Klasik Türk Edebiyatında Padişahlara Yapılan Yergiler The Satires of The Sultans in The Classical Turkish Literature

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    Murat ÖZTÜRK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available There was a mutual relationship based on patronage and compliment between the poets and governors in the Classical Turkish Literature. The poets have paid compliments to the state governors especially to the sultans who protect them and appreciate their arts and made positive propaganda of the sultans. However, unlike this general situation some poets sometimes criticized the governors for some reasons. These criticisms were sometimes made directly and in some cases indirectly. The criticism of the poets and writers toward the sultans are more discreet and mild compared to criticism to the otherstatesmen. In this article position of the poets' criticisms towards thesultans in the overall look the Classical Turkish Literature wasexamined. The study was focused on the reasons and meaning of thepoets' criticisms towards the sultans by way of satiric poems. In thiscontext all of these criticisms were analyzed in terms of their partialrelationship with the Ottoman historical sources. The direct or indirectsatire of the poets is not only related to the personality of praisedpeople, but also is a kind of reaction reflecting general opinion of thecommunity. In these texts individual disappointments and anger as wellas desires for a just order, a peaceful state and wishes for justice areexpressed. These satires by this aspect are indication of the parallelismbetween literary texts and historical texts or indication of those literarytexts can be sources for historical researches. Klasik Türk edebiyatında şairlerle yöneticiler arasında genel olarak himaye ve iltifat üzerine kurulu karşılıklı bir ilişki vardı. Şairler kendilerini koruyan ve sanatlarını takdir eden başta sultanlar olmak üzere devlet yöneticilerine iltifat etmişler ve onların olumlu propagandalarını yapmışlardır. Ne var ki zaman zaman bazı şairler bu genel durumun aksine yöneticileri bazı sebeplerden dolayı eleştirmişlerdir. Bu eleştiriler kimi zaman dolayl

  8. Cows, clicks, ciphers, and satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Tyler

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The social network game Farmville, which allows players to grow crops, raise animals, and produce a variety of goods, proved enormously successful within a year of its launch in 2009, attracting 110 million Facebook users. However, the game has been criticised for its mindless mechanics, which require little more than repeated clicking on its colourful icons. By way of parody, Ian Bogost’s Cow Clicker permits its players to simply click on a picture of a cow once every six hours. In this essay I extend Bogost’s critique and suggest that Cow Clicker highlights not just the soulless inanity of Farmville gameplay but also the paucity of that game’s portrayal of the painful reality of a dairy cow’s punishing daily existence and untimely end.

  9. Repercussões satíricas dos processos de escolarização do social nas ondas do rádio (1930-1940 Satirical repercussions of the social schooling processes in radio programs (1930-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Borges Salvadori

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa repercussões satíricas dos processos de escolarização do social no Brasil, presentes em antigos programas humorísticos de rádio, que, geralmente organizados pelo diálogo entre um professor e seus alunos, foram simultaneamente grandes sucessos em termos de audiência e alvos de uma crítica sistemática por parte daqueles que defendiam a radiodifusão como instrumento de divulgação da "verdadeira" cultura. Por meio do uso de fontes sonoras e impressas, objetiva compreender as razões do sucesso do gênero e, neste percurso, identificar as críticas à escola, à educação e seus sujeitos, que, jocosamente, veicularam, explicitadas em conflitos entre sonoras tradições populares e saberes escolares.This article analyzes satirical repercussions of the social schooling processes in Brazil found in old radio comedies which, usually built around the dialogue between a teacher and his or her students, were, on the one hand, huge audience successes and, on the other hand, subjected to systematic criticism from those who believed that radio broadcasting should be used as an instrument to disseminate the "true" culture. Through the use of sound and print records, the text seeks to understand the reasons behind the success of this genre and, in so doing, to identify the criticisms that these programs directed through humor at the school, at education and its agents, which were brought forward in conflicts between sonorous popular traditions and school knowledge.

  10. City Satires in the Classical Turkish Poetry and Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’s Qasida of Edirne Klasik Türk Şiirinde Şehir Hicivleri ve Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’nin Edirne Kasidesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Sabiha KUTLAR

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In the classical Turkish poetry, there are satirical examples among the poems which is subject about settlement places like cities, towns and villages. Poets, in these texts, had satirized various settlement place at imperial geography, generally because of its place name and folk features under cover of rhetoric and argo, reasons such as “disapprobation, aversion of the folk, disappointment, getting irritate from nature or geographical location, to be dispatched involuntarily”. In this study, the city satires that put down on paper by the Divan poets shortly familiarized which we have made firm, and it is focused on the Edirne satire of the XVIII. century poets Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî which put down on paper his negative feelings about the Edirne city, combining by negative features of the winter season. By the expressions in this qasida, the poet revealed intimately that he doesn’t like the Edirne and its folk. Likewise, he had indicated the contention among the two capital city of Ottoman Empire which its root reached to conquest years, continued implicitly beginnig of the XVIII. Century. Klasik Türk şiirinde şehir, kasaba, köy gibi yerleşim yerlerinin konu edildiği manzumeler arasında hiciv niteliği taşıyan örnekler de bulunmaktadır. Şairler, bu metinlerde “beğenmeme, halkından hoşlanmama, umduğunu bulamama, doğasından ya da coğrafî konumundan rahatsızlık duyma, isteği dışında gönderilme” gibi çok farklı gerekçelerle İmparatorluk coğrafyasına ait birçok yerleşim yerini, genellikle isminden ya da halkının özelliklerinden hareketle söz sanatlarından ve argo ifadelerden de yararlanarak hicvetmişlerdir. Bu çalışmada divan şairlerinin kaleme aldığı şehir hicivlerinin tespit ettiğimiz örnekleri kısaca tanıtılmış ve XVIII. yüzyıl şairlerinden Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’nin, Edirne’ye ilişkin olumsuz duygularıyla kış mevsiminin olumsuz

  11. Platelet Derived Growth Factor BB: A "Must-have" Therapeutic Target "Redivivus" in Ovarian Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimpean, Anca Maria; Cobec, Ionut Marcel; Ceaușu, Raluca Amalia; Popescu, Roxana; Tudor, Anca; Raica, Marius

    We aimed to validate PDGF-BB protein expression by RNAscope, a sensitive method for PDGF-BB mRNA evaluation on paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens of ovarian tumors. Seventy-five FFPE ovarian cancer biopsies were assessed by immunohistochemistry followed by PDGF-BB mRNA RNAscope validation. Dual PDGF-BB expression in tumor and stromal cells have been observed, being highly suggestive for PDGF-BB mediated stromal-tumor cells reciprocal interaction in ovarian cancer (p=0.008). It seems that the nuclear expression of the PDGF-BB represents a negative prognostic factor in ovarian tumors. Being a controversial issue in the literature, PDGF-BB nuclear expression detected by immunohistochemistry was validated by RNAscope in situ hybridization. More than 65% of cases had PDGF-BB mRNA amplification, confirming immunohistochemical results. We herein validated PDGF-BB as a potential therapeutic and prognostic tool of ovarian cancer aggressiveness. Copyright© 2016, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  12. D’Holbach redivivus (II : l’athéisme de Richard Dawkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Sandrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Le titre est accrocheur, presque un slogan, un peu plus radical encore que dans l’édition originale anglaise, The God Delusion, parue en 2006, qui a rencontré un succès exceptionnel, avec plus de deux millions d’exemplaires vendus. L’auteur est un spécialiste de l’évolution qui s’est fait connaître il y a une trentaine d’années avec Le Gène égoïste (1976, traduit en 1996 en français. L’écho de son dernier livre a été moindre en France : sans doute parce que la place de héraut de l’athéisme y...

  13. [Aristoteles redivivus or small repetitorium of Aristotelian methodology regarding problems of psychosomatic medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartos, H; Savlík, J

    2006-01-01

    Present-day biological medicine has not reconciled the modern heritage of mechanistic conception of causality, which in many aspects limits the diagnostic and therapeutic potential of contemporary physicians. If such reduced principle of causality is confronted with Aristotelian conception of four types of disease causes and with the possibility to use it in the study of life nature (and therefore also in medicine), non-trivial differences will be revealed, which can at least bring some inspiration to present day physicians. The contemporary psychosomatically thinking physicians are in a similar position from which Aristotle criticized his foregoers for insufficient explanation of the principle of cause and effect. Medical doctors have many common points with Aristotle and that is why it is possible to speak, with certain hyperbole, about renewal of Aristotelian conceptions in some of the new trends of contemporary medicine, where the present-day mechanistic mentality is replaced with ecosystematic thinking.

  14. Satirical drama, political corruption and development implications for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the departure of the colonialists from the Nigerian shores, the elite have been in control of political powers in Nigeria. The corrupt tendencies of this select few, which come in various forms, have in no small measure, primarily been the key factors hampering national development and creating a gloomy atmosphere of ...

  15. A Critical Analysis of Some Modern Igbo Philosophical and Satirical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent times it has been observed that some students show little or no interest in the study of the modern Igbo poetry. While some find it difficult to identify and appreciate poetic elements in some modern Igbo poems, others complain that the figurative language and other poetic devices in some poems, especially in some ...

  16. a critical analysis of some modern igbo philosophical and satirical

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs NK

    Introduction. Poetry is among the three major literary genres. It is the art of writing stories, experiences, poems and thoughts into verse. Nwadike (2003: 72) defines poetry as creative work characterised by artistic language, wonderfully structured, which is full of philosophical and emotional impact. Poetry gives poets the ...

  17. Postcolonial Satire: Ivan Vladislavic | Gaylard | Current Writing: Text ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vladislavic lampoons the monumental, and as with Foucault's analyses of the architectonics of power, this operates discursively as well as materially. Monumentalism pervades not only the material, as in a central character/narrator, architecture, design, space, place, sculpture; but also certain attitudes, tones and especially ...

  18. Truly Funny: Humor, Irony, and Satire as Moral Criticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadlez, E. M.

    2011-01-01

    The occasional role of humor as a vehicle for moral criticism is investigated. I begin by distinguishing between this particular role and the other kinds of ways in which humor and amusement might be regarded through a moral lens, consider historical approaches to humor that corroborate the kind of role for it on which my investigation focuses,…

  19. ЕЛЕМЕНТИ ПОЛІТИЧНОЇ САТИРИ В СЦЕНАРІЯХ ВЕСНЯНОГО КАРНАВАЛУ В РУМУНСЬКОМУ БАНАТІ / THE ELEMENTS OF POLITICAL SATIRE IN THE SPRING CARNIVAL PERFORMANCES OF ROMANIAN BANAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталія ГОЛАНТ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Голант Наталия. Элементы политической сатиры в сценариях весеннего карнавала в румынском Банате. Данная статья основана отчасти на полевых материалах автора, собранных во время поездки по населенным пунктам румынского Баната весной 2005 г. (поездка была осуществлена совместно с румынским этнологом Отилией Хедешан, которая ныне является проректором университета Тимишоары, а также на материалах, обнаруженных в сети Интернет. В статье анализируются главным образом события фашанка в г. Молдова-Ноуэ и коммуне Вэлюг (округ Караш-Северин. Ключевые слова: карнавал, фашанк, персонаж, сценарий, Банат Golant Natalia. The Elements of Political Satire in the Spring Carnival Performances of Romanian Banat. In Romanian territory the tradition of spring carnival festivities has relatively limited distribution. The word faşanc (also faşang, fărşanc, farşang meaning “carnival” is the most frequently used by the inhabitants of the Highland Banat, namely of the Caraș-Severin County in the extreme South-West of Romania and understood by residents of entire Romanian Banat as well as the Romanian population of the Serbian Banat. Being a practice with limited geographical distribution in Romanian traditional culture, the faşanc at the same time forms the continuity between traditional Western Europe cultures, in particular of the Catholic Europe. The existence of this practice among Banat Romanians is one of consequences of complex cross-cultural, cross-confessional and

  20. The Narratological Style and the Reader of Evelyn Waugh’s Early Satires

    OpenAIRE

    Roksana Zgierska

    2017-01-01

    The article deals with the role of the implied reader in Evelyn Waugh’s novels. An attempt will be made to define who the implied reader is and what is his position and role in fictional realm. By analysing narrative strategies and techniques within a selection of Waugh’s works, I attempt to discuss the changing relationship between author/narrator and the implied reader. I try to point that within Evelyn Waugh’s writing one can observe a simultaneous evolution of the narrator voice and the r...

  1. The Narratological Style and the Reader of Evelyn Waugh’s Early Satires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roksana Zgierska

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the role of the implied reader in Evelyn Waugh’s novels. An attempt will be made to define who the implied reader is and what is his position and role in fictional realm. By analysing narrative strategies and techniques within a selection of Waugh’s works, I attempt to discuss the changing relationship between author/narrator and the implied reader. I try to point that within Evelyn Waugh’s writing one can observe a simultaneous evolution of the narrator voice and the role ascribed to the implied reader. What is more, I discuss the limits of interpretation. I try to present and analyse how both the author/narrator and the text can impose limitations on the implied reader allowing him to move freely, however, within a set frame. Intertextuality is one of the focal points of the article, as I try to propose that the use of specific intertextual references in several different novels enhances the reader’s understanding of  Waugh’s fictional world. An attempt is made to prove that through analysis of different levels of understanding intertextual relation the reader takes on himself a role of creator. Furthermore, I draw attention to the places of indeterminacy. In this discussion I include both structures of indeterminacy proposed by Roman Ingarden i.e. blanks and negations, as both are needed not only to establish the interaction that takes place between text and the implied reader, but also to try to regulate such relation. An attempt will be made to explain how important filling the gaps within the text is and how completing the blanks affects the reader and the process of reading as such.

  2. NiqaBitch and Princess Hijab: Niqab activism, satire and street art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moors, A.

    2011-01-01

    In this contribution I discuss two styles of presenting face-veils in the public that have a critical edge: the video clip NiqaBitch shakes Paris and princess Hijab’s street art. Whereas both visual forms play with ambiguity, they do so in different ways. The videoclip - bringing together a long

  3. The Language of Satire in Nigerian Politics: A Study of the Syntactic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 6, No 1-2 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  4. The Language of Satire in Nigerian Politics: A Study of the Syntactic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In every society, language serves as the means of human communication and interaction for establishing and maintaining social relationships. Language is the literary and linguistic tool which literary artists deploy for the conveyance of their individual artistic visions and sensibilities in literature. Political corruption is the ...

  5. The zombie and his italian half brother: the satiric use of the zombie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In una trama che mette a confronto l'ambiente urbano italiano con una tradizione sciamanica africana, il personaggio dello zombie viene usato come portavoce di un commento ironico sulla società italiana degli anni Novanta, caratterizzata da un consumismo banale e popolata di giovani ossessionati dalla moda e dalla ...

  6. "Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman": An Analysis of Satire as a Violation of Soap Opera Stereotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaulard, Joan M.

    The soap opera "Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman" presents an interesting new genre in television, as it defies the conventional standards and stereotypes associated with daytime drama. The central character is not a dependent victim but a survivor who indicates to her viewers the concept which advertisers and media management have of them. A…

  7. Meme Culture & Komedi-Satire Politik: Kontestasi Pemilihan Presiden dalam Media Baru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendy Pahrun Wadipalapa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Persoalan utama dalam pemilihan presiden bukanlah kontestasi praktik politik, melainkan kontestasi pesan politik dalam media. Pada konteks Pemilu 2014, media internet menjadi salah satu media yang paling sibuk dan aktif sebagai panggung dialog dan perdebatan politik. Studi ini menyoroti meme atau penggabungan foto/slide dengan teks karena ia tidak hanya memuat pesanpesan eksplisit, tapi juga kritisisme dan sinisme yang tajam. Tulisan ini melihat bagaimana meme culture beroperasi dalam lalu lintas pesan politik di internet, relasinya dengan kekuasaan, dan seberapa besar ruang bagi audiens untuk berpartisipasi.

  8. Meme Culture & Komedi-Satire Politik: Kontestasi Pemilihan Presiden Dalam Media Baru

    OpenAIRE

    Wadipalapa, Rendy Pahrun

    2015-01-01

    Persoalan utama dalam pemilihan presiden bukanlah kontestasi praktik politik, melainkan kontestasi pesan politik dalam media. Pada konteks Pemilu 2014, media internet menjadi salah satu media yang paling sibuk dan aktif sebagai panggung dialog dan perdebatan politik. Studi ini menyoroti meme atau penggabungan foto/slide dengan teks karena ia tidak hanya memuat pesanpesan eksplisit, tapi juga kritisisme dan sinisme yang tajam. Tulisan ini melihat bagaimana meme culture beroperasi dalam lalu li...

  9. D’Holbach redivivus ? De l’actualité d’une pensée athée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Sandrier

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Il y a un certain courage chez Michel Onfray. Il s’expose, il fait face : il trace avec ténacité et clarté dans le débat public une ligne interprétative du phénomène religieux dans lequel nombreux sont ceux qui peuvent se reconnaître. Schématiquement : la défense de l’athéisme au nom d’un rationalisme intègre et intransigeant qui ne consent pas à voir le débat d’idées se complaire dans les querelles de conviction et qui place la discipline critique au cœur de la réflexion. Soit une parole, ex...

  10. The use of the Egyptian dialect in the satirical newspaper Abu naddāra zarʾa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zack, L.; Durand, O.; Langone, A.D.; Mion, G.

    2014-01-01

    The Egyptian dialect of the second half of the nineteenth century is very well documented. Indeed, there are many textbooks and works of grammar on the subject, such as those by Spitta-Bey (1880), Nallino (1900), Willmore (1901), Vollers (1890) and Burkitt & Vollers (1895), as well as dictionaries

  11. Teaching "The Lesson of Satire": Using "The Wipers Times" to Build an Enquiry on the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary; Massey, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    "Blackadder for real" is how the British journalist and broadcaster, Ian Hislop, characterised "The Wipers Time", the newspaper published on the front line by members of the 12th Battalion Sherwood, and recently brought to a new audience in Hislop's BBC dramatisation. Mary Brown and Carolyn Massey were immediately struck by the…

  12. Going with Your Gut: A Study of Affect, Satire, and Donald Trump  in the 2016 Presidential Election

    OpenAIRE

    Clem, Chad Jameson

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration of affect theory and emotional rhetoric in the 2016 Presidential Election, and specifically in Donald Trump’s candidacy, first through a series of rhetorical readings of Trump’s rhetoric on the campaign trail and after his election. The first section of this thesis focuses on Donald Trump and the various rhetorical spaces he uses to reach his supporters through affectual means. Next, I will apply affect theory to Trump’s political rhetoric in order to illustrate ...

  13. Strafbare Beleidigung eines ausländischen Staatsoberhaupts durch politische Satire? – Was kann Deutschland aus dem Fall Böhmermann lernen? / Helmut Satzger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Satzger, Helmut

    2017-01-01

    Poliitilisest satiirist Türgi presidendi Erdogani kohta solvava luuletuse esitanud koomiku Jan Böhmermanni juhtumit taustal ja Saksamaa karistusseadustiku §st 103, mis käsitleb võõrriikide esindajate solvamist

  14. This Just In: Fake News Packs a Lot in Title, Uses Simpler, Repetitive Content in Text Body, More Similar to Satire than Real News

    OpenAIRE

    Horne, Benjamin D.; Adali, Sibel

    2017-01-01

    The problem of fake news has gained a lot of attention as it is claimed to have had a significant impact on 2016 US Presidential Elections. Fake news is not a new problem and its spread in social networks is well-studied. Often an underlying assumption in fake news discussion is that it is written to look like real news, fooling the reader who does not check for reliability of the sources or the arguments in its content. Through a unique study of three data sets and features that capture the ...

  15. Laud and Satire of the Authority during Peruvian Viceroyalty: the Loa al corregidor Valdivieso, an Unknown Piece from the City of Piura (1775

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Prendes Guardiola

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The present work states the existence of a short theatrical piece represented in 1775 during the celebrations for the coming to power of Matías de Valdivieso as corregidor (crown official of Piura. Prior to the transcription of the text, it summarizes and comments its contents, and identifies its features as typical of the post-Calderon courtier loa (introductory piece gender, conceived not as a laudatory discourse but as a «miniature comedy». Also, it conducts an approximation to the circumstances in which the loa was represented and which explain its conservation in records of a judicial process because of insults against in Piura’s authorities.

  16. Subgroup Analysis of Trials Is Rarely Easy (SATIRE: a study protocol for a systematic review to characterize the analysis, reporting, and claim of subgroup effects in randomized trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malaga German

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Subgroup analyses in randomized trials examine whether effects of interventions differ between subgroups of study populations according to characteristics of patients or interventions. However, findings from subgroup analyses may be misleading, potentially resulting in suboptimal clinical and health decision making. Few studies have investigated the reporting and conduct of subgroup analyses and a number of important questions remain unanswered. The objectives of this study are: 1 to describe the reporting of subgroup analyses and claims of subgroup effects in randomized controlled trials, 2 to assess study characteristics associated with reporting of subgroup analyses and with claims of subgroup effects, and 3 to examine the analysis, and interpretation of subgroup effects for each study's primary outcome. Methods We will conduct a systematic review of 464 randomized controlled human trials published in 2007 in the 118 Core Clinical Journals defined by the National Library of Medicine. We will randomly select journal articles, stratified in a 1:1 ratio by higher impact versus lower impact journals. According to 2007 ISI total citations, we consider the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine, and BMJ as higher impact journals. Teams of two reviewers will independently screen full texts of reports for eligibility, and abstract data, using standardized, pilot-tested extraction forms. We will conduct univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses to examine the association of pre-specified study characteristics with reporting of subgroup analyses and with claims of subgroup effects for the primary and any other outcomes. Discussion A clear understanding of subgroup analyses, as currently conducted and reported in published randomized controlled trials, will reveal both strengths and weaknesses of this practice. Our findings will contribute to a set of recommendations to optimize the conduct and reporting of subgroup analyses, and claim and interpretation of subgroup effects in randomized trials.

  17. The Sons of Phil: Rothian Self-Satire and Self-Incrimination in Shalom Auslander’s 'Foreskin’s Lament' and Gary Shteyngart’s 'Little Failure'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Brauner

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Shalom Auslander and Gary Shteyngart are two of the most prominent new voices to have emerged in Jewish-American fiction in the 21st century. In addition to their fiction, they have both published memoirs—Auslander’s 'Foreskin’s Lament' (2007 and Shteyngart’s 'Little Failure' (2014—that follow the narrative trajectory of Bildungsromane and are, as their titles suggest, characterised by a self-satirising, self-incriminating comedy. In this article, I will argue that this comedy emerges from an intertextual dialogue with the work of Philip Roth, so that we might call Shteyngart and Auslander—adapting the ‘Sons of Ben’ label given to a generation of Caroline authors who regarded themselves as disciples of the Renaissance poet and playwright Ben Jonson—‘sons of Phil’. Tracing the affinities between the work of the two writers and that of Roth, I argue that their ‘works of semi-autobiography’ cannot be accommodated in the redemptive, ethical model of Jewish fiction that has been proposed by a number of recent critics, but rather are animated by the paradoxically self-fulfilling and self-abasing impulse identified by Shteyngart: ‘I write because there is nothing as joyful as writing, even when the writing is twisted and full of hate, the self-hate that makes writing not only possible but necessary’ (Shteyngart, 2014: 148.

  18. ‘Like satires of creation, we move north, gazing at Europe and brazing the dazzling Sahara Sun’: diasporic imagination and heritage in the era of mass migration

    OpenAIRE

    Catalani, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the ways in which the notions and definitions of heritage (both in its tangible and intangible form) are changing, due to the recent and on going forced migrations from Africa and the Middle East to Europe. The recent ‘Refugees crisis’ (brought to the national and international attention via the media) has highlighted not only the depth of a vast humanitarian crisis but also a complex socio-cultural phenomenon that, without any doubt, will have an impact on the way cultur...

  19. "So She Has Been Educated by a Vulgar, Silly, Conceited French Governess!" Social Anxieties, Satirical Portraits, and the Eighteenth-Century French Instructor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegele, Arden

    2011-01-01

    Maria Edgeworth's pedagogical short stories "Mademoiselle Panache" (1800, 1801) and "The Good French Governess" (1801) portray contrasting French instructors, and illustrate a transformation in English girls' education in French at the end of the eighteenth century. While "Mademoiselle Panache" looks back to the…

  20. Anthelmintic and Antibacterial Activity of Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rosaceae) were screened for anthelmintic and antibacterial activity. The methanol and dichloromethane/methanol extracts exhibited anthelmintic activity when tested using Panagrellus redivivus model. Further, the stem bark methanol extract ...

  1. Obrazová politická satira v českých médiích

    OpenAIRE

    Zamouřilová, Klára

    2015-01-01

    Thesis called Visual political satire in the Czech media shows different types of visual satire which appeared in Czech media during its history and places them in historical context. It examines the political satire in detail from the fifties of the twentieth century, when the communist regime in Czechoslovakia was established. But the largest space is dedicated to the digital age. It describes technological changes which influenced birth of a new kind of satire, photomontage. Thesis focuses...

  2. ‘Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?’ (Juvenal Satires:§345 (Who guards [nurtures] the guardians?: Developing a constructivist approach to learning about ministerial and spiritual formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham A. Duncan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this exercise was to develop an improved model of ministerial and spiritual formation in the training of ministers in the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa at the University of Pretoria. This is a perennial problem in many churches where there is a general dissatisfaction with the products, (i.e. ministers not only in terms of personal spirituality but in their inability to minister effectively in the many diverse situations to which they are called or appointed. The exercise of power becomes an issue in a vocation which is premised on servant ministry and so Juvenal’s quotation is apt as it is expressed as ‘Who can be trusted with authority/power?’.

  3. Anthelmintic and Antibacterial Activity of Hagenia abyssinica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STUDENT

    Organic solvent extracts of the stem bark of Hagenia abyssinica Bruce J.F. Gmel. (Rosaceae) were screened for anthelmintic and antibacterial activity. The methanol and dichloromethane/methanol extracts exhibited anthelmintic activity when tested using. Panagrellus redivivus model. Further, the stem bark methanol extract ...

  4. Questioning Danish Cartoon Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen, Heidi

    2007-01-01

    The article discusses the language and satirical cartoons that describe African Danes in the Danish media. Starting with a brief historical overview of the social fonction of satirical cartoons in Denmark since the Reformation, it is discussed whether satire and satirical cartoons actually have s...... Danes today when it is considered demeaning and racist in most other countries. The conclusion does emphatically not plead in favour of law enforced limitations of the freedom of expression, but does question the prevalent "freedom of ignorance" concerning black identities which means...

  5. Commedia dell'arte in northern Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bent

    2015-01-01

    a contextulized introduction to commedia dell'arte in Northern European countries in the 17. to 19. centuries: from charlatans to satirical comedians and pantomimes......a contextulized introduction to commedia dell'arte in Northern European countries in the 17. to 19. centuries: from charlatans to satirical comedians and pantomimes...

  6. Журнал «Крокодил», 1922—1937 гг.: количественные подходы к изучению советской официальной сатиры

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popova, Zhanna

    2015-01-01

    The article is dedicated to the Soviet satire in 1920—1930’s. The main source of the research is the satirical magazine “Krokodil”, published since 1922. The article applies quantitative research methods to this heterogeneous source. Most notably, through formalization and categorization of the

  7. Die abhandengekommene Ironie. Problematische Andersen-Übersetzungen und deren Auswirkung auf die Rezeption seiner Märchen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekmann, Bjørn

    2001-01-01

    Ironi, Hans Christian Andersen, oversættelseskritik, satire, fremmedgørelse, indføling, stilbrud, ting-symboler, fortælleperspektiv.......Ironi, Hans Christian Andersen, oversættelseskritik, satire, fremmedgørelse, indføling, stilbrud, ting-symboler, fortælleperspektiv....

  8. Ironi som effektiv kommunikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Definition af begrebet ironi i modsætning til sarkasme, satire, parodi, fiktion, pådutning og underforståelse.......Definition af begrebet ironi i modsætning til sarkasme, satire, parodi, fiktion, pådutning og underforståelse....

  9. 'Submission'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg-Sørensen, Anders

    2017-01-01

    On 7 January 2015, the day of the deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo, the Parisian satirical magazine, French author Michel Houellebecq published Soumission (Submission), his already contested novel. Charlie Hebdo had a satirical feature on the cover that day ridiculing Houellebecq’s novel, which...

  10. A Higher Education--A Polemic (For a Change)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Lloyd

    2015-01-01

    The BBC Radio 4 comedy-drama "A Higher Education" was written in 1999 to present a satire of a dysfunctional and cash-strapped university (Northfield) led by the egotistical and amoral Head of Drama, Don Crookfield (played by Rik Mayall). For those of us passionately engaged in the provision of higher education today, the satire also…

  11. La satira e la storia delle emozioni. Una relazione privilegiata?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Pasquini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The present essay discusses interpretations of satire offered by different disciplines. Furthermore it hypothesizes that both verbal and visual satirical texts provide particularly useful evidences of the emotions related to a certain historical period or a certain context. The author analyzes sources from the satirical press, which has been the subject of his PhD research, and from the current affairs in order to proof the abovementioned hypothesis. Examples include articles and cartoons from satirical periodicals of the 1940s such as «Il Bertoldo», which was published in Milan, and «Ulenspiegel», which was published in Berlin. Furthermore the author analyzes comments posted by readers of on-line newspapers in relation to the recent lawsuit taken by Pope Benedict XVI against the German satirical magazines «Titanic».

  12. مفهوم التهكم في نصوص محمد الماغوط المسرحية The concept of satire in the theater texts of Mohammed Maghout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faten Hussein Naji فاتن حسين ناجي

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The variables of political, social and economic impact of large discourse creative observer of those variables Perhaps the playwright of the first who cared for those variables, the fact that the theater is an art first, which reflects and directly on the issues of the community, as it provides a point of view in a constructive in itself, and when it is used as part of a protest or opposition, it tends to create simply the wrong questions rather than providing solutions. this confirms that the booming cash-in communities is closely linked to the atmosphere of the writing open to the diversity and freedom of creativity, and that whenever narrowed this space turning the art of cash to taunt and clear, and this has become kind of sarcasm is some way expressive language and refused reductase in the subconscious mind of the human being, they are the same time reveal the frustration myself big and the face of a negative reality; because the policy of oppression and gagged and frequent revolutions and changes polished Arab writer who claimed writes his criticism of colors grief and pain.

  13. The Impact of Silver Nanoparticles Produced by Bacillus pumilus As Antimicrobial and Nematicide

    OpenAIRE

    Wael M Mahmoud; Tamer S Abdelmoneim; Elazzazy, Ahmed M.

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluates the potential application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as antimicrobial or nematicidal agents produced by the extremophile Bacillus pumilus, which was isolated from the alkaline Wadi El-Natrun Lake in Egypt. The AgNPs were characterized by ultraviolet?visible absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The size of AgNPs formed ranged from 20.12 to 29.48 nm. Panagrellus redivivus was exposed to different concentra...

  14. Alimento vivo como alternativa en la dieta de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein, 1823

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Luna-Figueroa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La nutrición en los estadios iniciales de los peces constituye uno de los principales problemas de cultivo, debido a que es la etapa en la que se presenta la mayor mortalidad. En el presente estudio se evaluó, como alternativa en la alimentación de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare, el efecto de tres alimentos vivos (Moina wierzejski, Artemia franciscana y Panagrellus redivivus y un alimento comercial (Aquarian Tropical Flakes sobre la tasa específica de crecimiento (TEC y la sobrevivencia. La TEC de larvas resultó más alta con nauplios de A. franciscana (17.57 ± 0.39a% peso corporal ganado mg/ día, seguida de M. wierzejski (16.63 ± 0.41b, P. redivivus (14.25 ± 0.42c y del alimento comercial (13.20 ± 0.42d (P<0.05. En los juveniles, la TEC fue mayor con M. wierzejski (6.28 ± 0.21a% peso corporal ganado mg/día, seguida de A. franciscana (6.04 ± 0.23b, P. redivivus (4.86 ± 0.23c y del alimento comercial (4.39 ± 0.23d (P<0.05. La sobrevivencia de las larvas fue 80.00 ± 10.00a% con A. franciscana y M. wierzejski, mayor 25 y 40.62% con respecto a P. redivivus (60.00 ± 10.00b% y al alimento comercial (45.00 ± 10.00b% (P<0.05. En los juveniles, la sobrevivencia del 100% no difirió con ningún alimento. Finalmente, los nauplios de Artemia en la etapa larval y la Moina en juveniles estimularon favorablemente la TEC y la sobrevivencia de P. scalare.

  15. Coprinus comatus damages nematode cuticles mechanically with spiny balls and produces potent toxins to immobilize nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Hong; Liu, Yajun; Fang, Lin; Li, Xuan; Tang, Ninghua; Zhang, Keqin

    2007-06-01

    We reported recently a unique fungal structure, called the spiny ball, on the vegetative hyphae of Coprinus comatus (O. F. Müll.:Fr.) Pers. Although some observations regarding the role of this structure were presented, its function remained largely unknown. In this study, we showed that purified (isolated and washed) spiny balls could immobilize and kill the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus Goodey highly efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy studies illustrated that the spiny structure damaged the nematode cuticle, suggesting the presence of a mechanical force during the process of nematode immobilization. Severe injuries on nematode cuticles caused the leakage of inner materials of the nematodes. When these structures were ground in liquid nitrogen, their killing efficacy against nematodes was lost, indicating that the shape and the complete structure of the spiny balls are indispensable for their function. However, extraction with organic solvents never lowered their activity against P. redivivus, and the extracts showed no obvious effect on the nematode. We also investigated whether C. comatus was able to produce toxins which would aid in the immobilization of nematodes. In total, we identified seven toxins from C. comatus that showed activity to immobilize the nematodes P. redivivus and Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid et White) Chitwood. The chemical structures of these toxins were identified with nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, infrared, and UV spectrum analysis. Two compounds were found to be novel. The toxins found in C. comatus are O-containing heterocyclic compounds.

  16. Coprinus comatus Damages Nematode Cuticles Mechanically with Spiny Balls and Produces Potent Toxins To Immobilize Nematodes▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Hong; Liu, Yajun; Fang, Lin; Li, Xuan; Tang, Ninghua; Zhang, Keqin

    2007-01-01

    We reported recently a unique fungal structure, called the spiny ball, on the vegetative hyphae of Coprinus comatus (O. F. Müll.:Fr.) Pers. Although some observations regarding the role of this structure were presented, its function remained largely unknown. In this study, we showed that purified (isolated and washed) spiny balls could immobilize and kill the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus Goodey highly efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy studies illustrated that the spiny structure damaged the nematode cuticle, suggesting the presence of a mechanical force during the process of nematode immobilization. Severe injuries on nematode cuticles caused the leakage of inner materials of the nematodes. When these structures were ground in liquid nitrogen, their killing efficacy against nematodes was lost, indicating that the shape and the complete structure of the spiny balls are indispensable for their function. However, extraction with organic solvents never lowered their activity against P. redivivus, and the extracts showed no obvious effect on the nematode. We also investigated whether C. comatus was able to produce toxins which would aid in the immobilization of nematodes. In total, we identified seven toxins from C. comatus that showed activity to immobilize the nematodes P. redivivus and Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid et White) Chitwood. The chemical structures of these toxins were identified with nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, infrared, and UV spectrum analysis. Two compounds were found to be novel. The toxins found in C. comatus are O-containing heterocyclic compounds. PMID:17449690

  17. La historieta española de 1900 a 1951

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martín, Antonio

    2011-01-01

    The present piece of research starts after the birth of the Spanish comic by the second half of 19 th century as a new way of expression that appears linked to the satirical and humour press, created...

  18. The Tragedy of Teacherly Merit Pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Michael

    1984-01-01

    In satirical verse the author affirms the value of merit pay proposals and laments the lack of action on such proposals that has resulted from indecisiveness concerning criteria for merit pay implementation. (JBM)

  19. Marx's Shorts and Ancestors' Caves: Tracing Critical Motifs in Kezilahabi's Play and Poems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bertoncini-Zúbková, Elena

    1996-01-01

    The only play by the Tanzanian writer E. Kezilahabi, 'Marx's shorts', a political satire, has never been published, although its photocopied manuscript has been in circulation for almost twenty years (it is dated 1978...

  20. Kosher Punk

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Margolin, Madison

    2016-01-01

    They wear leather jackets, leopard print, and lots of black; high heels, lipstick, and opaque tights -- the self-satirizing namesake for the world's first all-girl, all-kosher rock band, Bulletproof Stockings...

  1. Turning News into Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otten, Nick; Stelmach, Majorie

    1987-01-01

    Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)

  2. News with an attitude: assessing the mechanisms underlying the effects of opinionated news

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boukes, M.; Boomgaarden, H.G.; Moorman, M.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    Opinionated news targets communities of likeminded viewers, relies on dramaturgical storytelling techniques, and shares characteristics with political satire. Accordingly, opinionated news should be understood as a specific form of political entertainment. We have investigated the mechanisms

  3. Cringing in the Dark: Book Abuse in the Movies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szmuk, Szilvia E.

    2000-01-01

    This satirical essay discusses the mistreatment of books as portrayed in various movies. Author questions if it would end book abuse on the silver screen, would some prudent censorship be so bad? (LRW)

  4. Dal dissenso alla rivoluzione: satira e potere nel mondo arabo contemporaneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara De Poli

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The satire against Authority can provide a special understanding of contemporary history of Arab countries, especially exploring humour expressions before, during and after the 2011 revolts. After an historical review of satirical expressions in the MENA region in XX century, this study investigate the role that humour and satire played in particular during the Tunisian and Egyptian revolts. Even during the rough and brutal moments of the riots, Tunisians and Egyptians could laugh at the fading power of Ben Alì and Mubarak, testifying their pungent derision of the regimes. Their fall has therefore consented a wider degree of freedom of expression including various forms of humour, chiefly satirical, that nowadays, especially on web sites, provide a parallel overview of recent events.

  5. The Epistemology of Innovator Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, W. C., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    This satire reports an imaginary research study which found three motivations for educational innovation: money, happiness, and garlic. The article facetiously traces the careers of three innovators: the director of an institute, a government official, and a popular writer. (SJL)

  6. "Are We Gonna Do Anything Fun?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell-Dwyer, Barbi

    1981-01-01

    Reports on ways of having fun with the classics of literature. Describes classroom uses of parody and satire to emphasize the themes and characterizations found in Shakespeare, J.D. Salinger, Ernest Hemingway, and other noted authors. (RL)

  7. APLIFIKASI ISLAM DALAM MEME “MENGAJAK NIKAH KE KUA”

    OpenAIRE

    Rulli Nasrullah

    2016-01-01

    The participation of social media users in online communication also encouraging the spread of the phenomenon of marriage in society including the reasons that sound cliche appears that  a satire and sarcasm meme of ”Mengajak Nikah ke KUA” appeared and distributed through social media and become a reflection from the real world in the virtual world . Through virtual ethnographic research with Analisis Media Siber level of technic, this article tries to trace the cultural artifacts of satire a...

  8. Aplifikasi Islam Dalam Meme “Mengajak Nikah Ke Kua”

    OpenAIRE

    Nasrullah, Rulli

    2016-01-01

    The participation of social media users in online communication also encouraging the spread of the phenomenon of marriage in society including the reasons that sound cliche appears that a satire and sarcasm meme of ”Mengajak Nikah ke KUA” appeared and distributed through social media and become a reflection from the real world in the virtual world . Through virtual ethnographic research with Analisis Media Siber level of technic, this article tries to trace the cultural artifacts of satire a...

  9. We are not Charlie: Muslims' differentiated reactions to the Paris Attacks, and the dangers of indiscriminate finger-pointing

    OpenAIRE

    Grimm, Jannis

    2015-01-01

    "After the January 2015 attacks in Paris, Muslims from all over the world showed impressive solidarity with the victims. This was the more surprising given that the victims included cartoonists working for the satirical magazine "Charlie Hebdo", whose caricatures of Mohammed had previously caused mass protests in predominantly Muslim states. However, European media took more notice of the protests against the new edition of the satirical magazine than of the declarations of solidarity. This s...

  10. La satira: uno specchio dell’antipolitica nell’Italia giolittiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerio Zandonà

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, the satirical press has always had a wide readership. The historians, on the contrary, rarely have used the satirical press as a source in their studies, although it is a key source to history of mentality. More than any other means of expression, satire requires the complicity of his audience. The satirist, whether he want coax or whether disturb his readers, must confront with their mentality and he must start from it to develop the ways of expression and the content of the message.During the giolittian age the difficulty of building a successful relationship between the government and the citizens created the conditions for the diffusion of a general dissatisfaction with the ruling class and politics in general. In this context, the satire has played a significant role to represent the public opinion and it has offered a framework to the anti-politics feeling to express themselves.Looking to the pages of the «Travaso delle idee», a famous satirical magazine, we can be study and understand the mentality of middle class, and we can derive a paradigm of anti-politic rhetoric declined from satire.

  11. The Catabasis of Pythagoras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Santamaría Álvarez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Two peripatetic authors from the 3rd century BC, Hieronymus of Rhodes and Hermippus of Smyrna, each offer testimonies of Pythagoras’ catabasis. The first refers to Pythagoras’ observation of souls punished in Hades, while the second upholds the view that the entire experience was false, and that he in fact remained concealed in an underground chamber. An older version of Hermippus’ story appears to be the source of a similar account on Zalmoxis recorded by Herodotus and of a brief allusion in Sophocles’ Electra. There are several testimonies of Pythagoras’ and Epimenides’ using caves to achieve spiritual experiences and attain a divine knowledge, which could be the starting point of the story of the Samian master’s descent to the Hades, later denounced as a fraud. The stimulus to transform the sojourn in a cave into a catabasis may have been competition between the Pythagoreans and the Orphics, and the desire to attribute to the sect’s founder, Pythagoras, equivalent authority to Orpheus regarding the afterlife.

  12. Emotional and persuasive perception of fonts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juni, Samuel; Gross, Julie S

    2008-02-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the latent affective and persuasive meaning attributed to text when appearing in two commonly used fonts. Two satirical readings were selected from the New York Times. These readings (one addressing government issues, the other education policy) were each printed in Times New Roman and Arial fonts of the same size and presented in randomized order to 102 university students, who ranked the readings on a number of adjective descriptors. Analysis showed that satirical readings in Times New Roman were perceived as more funny and angry than those in Arial, the combination of emotional perception which is congruent with the definition of satire. This apparent interaction of font type with emotional qualities of text has implications for marketing, advertising, and the persuasive literature.

  13. Coprinus comatus: A basidiomycete fungus forms novel spiny structures and infects nematode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Hong; Mo, Minghe; Huang, Xiaowei; Li, Xuan; Zhang, Keqin

    2004-01-01

    Nematophagous basidiomycete fungi kill nematodes by trapping, endoparasitizing and producing toxin. In our studies Coprinus comatus (O.F.Müll. : Fr.) Pers. is found to be a nematode-destroying fungus; this fungus immobilizes, kills and uses free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus Goodey and root-knot nematode Meloidogyne arenaria Neal. C. comatus produces an unusual structure designated spiny ball. Set on a sporophore-like branch, the spiny ball is a burr-like structure assembled with a large number of tiny tubes. Purified spiny balls exhibit moderate nematicidal activity. Experiments show that spiny balls are not chlamydospores because of the absence of nuclei in the structures and quick formation within 3 d in a young colony. Nematodes added to C. comatus cultures on potato-dextrose agar (PDA) and cornmeal agar (CMA) become inactive in hours. Infection of nematodes by the fungus occurs only after the nematodes are immobilized (feeble or dead), probably by a toxin. Electron micrographs illustrate that C. comatus infect P. redivivus by producing penetration pegs with which hyphae colonize nematode bodies. An infected nematode is digested and consumed within days and hyphae grow out of the nematode.

  14. Solar spectral irradiance variability in cycle 24: observations and models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchenko Sergey V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilizing the excellent stability of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI, we characterize both short-term (solar rotation and long-term (solar cycle changes of the solar spectral irradiance (SSI between 265 and 500 nm during the ongoing cycle 24. We supplement the OMI data with concurrent observations from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2 and Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE instruments and find fair-to-excellent, depending on wavelength, agreement among the observations, and predictions of the Naval Research Laboratory Solar Spectral Irradiance (NRLSSI2 and Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction for the Satellite era (SATIRE-S models.

  15. The Search for True Love in John Donne’s “The Extasie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamemd Albalawi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available “The Extasie” is one of John Donne's most well known poems that demonstrate his distinctive understanding of love. Critics have argued over the interpretations of “The Extasie”. Some critics have conceived it as an expression of spiritual love and others looked at it as a satirical criticism. This paper attempts to show how “The Extasie” presents an example of great satirical poetry. The poem takes advocates of Platonic love in a mesmerizing journey when reading the first two-thirds of the poem. Ironically, the poem ends with a criticism of Platonisms who exclude the body from the notion of love.

  16. Le Dictateur de Charlie Chaplin ou le rire de la raison

    OpenAIRE

    Genton, François

    2005-01-01

    Publié en ligne : http://recherchestravaux.revues.org/293; International audience; Beside Molière's Tartuffe and Voltaire's Candide Chaplin's The Great Dictator has proved the efficiency of satire aiming at a mankind able to act according to reasonable and universally communicable principles. This is what is called Enlightenment.; Aux côtés de Tartuffe et de Candide, le film de Chaplin parie sur l'efficacité de la satire et sur une humanité capable d'agir en fonction d'une réflexion maîtrisée...

  17. Dionysus and wine in Euripides’ Cyclops

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Macías Otero

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The plot of Euripides’ satiric drama Cyclops takes as its base the mythical episode of Odysseus and the Cyclops. One of the main themes of the play is the confrontation between the civilized world of the hero and the monster’s wildness. This confrontation becomes very important by the hospitality and the symposium. We pay special attention to that latter point because, besides the fact that the Cyclops is ignorant of wine gives to Odysseus the possibility of escaping, Dionysus becomes an active character in the satiric drama by his identification with his most important attribute, the wine.

  18. Solar spectral irradiance variability in cycle 24: observations and models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchenko, Sergey V.; DeLand, Matthew T.; Lean, Judith L.

    2016-12-01

    Utilizing the excellent stability of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), we characterize both short-term (solar rotation) and long-term (solar cycle) changes of the solar spectral irradiance (SSI) between 265 and 500 nm during the ongoing cycle 24. We supplement the OMI data with concurrent observations from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) and Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) instruments and find fair-to-excellent, depending on wavelength, agreement among the observations, and predictions of the Naval Research Laboratory Solar Spectral Irradiance (NRLSSI2) and Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction for the Satellite era (SATIRE-S) models.

  19. Solar Spectral Irradiance Variability in Cycle 24: Model Predictions and OMI Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchenko, S.; DeLand, M.; Lean, J.

    2016-01-01

    Utilizing the excellent stability of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), we characterize both short-term (solar rotation) and long-term (solar cycle) changes of the solar spectral irradiance (SSI) between 265-500 nanometers during the ongoing Cycle 24. We supplement the OMI data with concurrent observations from the GOME-2 (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment - 2) and SORCE (Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment) instruments and find fair-to-excellent agreement between the observations and predictions of the NRLSSI2 (Naval Research Laboratory Solar Spectral Irradiance - post SORCE) and SATIRE-S (the Naval Research Laboratory's Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction for the Satellite era) models.

  20. Satira v klasické arabské poezii

    OpenAIRE

    Pletichová, Anna

    2011-01-01

    Satirical poetry is generally considered as a one of the most important genres of the classical Arabic literature. Genre of poetry was in the pre-Islamic and early Islamic society highly appreciated and the Arabs used to regard it as the only form of the real literature. Unlike prose which was limited to the folklore and educational literature esteemed the Arabs poetry as a real art expression and the poet hold also very strong position within the traditional Arab society. Arabic satirical po...

  1. Når karikaturen møter motstand

    OpenAIRE

    Strømsted, Eva Beate

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of my thesis “When the caricature meets resistance”, was to contribute with a new understanding of how editorial cartoonist’s situation has developed within the last ten years. The project is a part of “Shared Horizons”. Satire as a genre, comparing to other media, is not true. It represents the line, caricature and exaggeration. Therefore, satire has been perceived as harmless fun in many years – with its wide arena for relatively free expression of opinion. The starting po...

  2. Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlBzour, Naser Naif

    2011-01-01

    The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore,…

  3. Language, Style and Meaning in Wole Soyinka's Poetry | Elimimian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Much as Soyinka's themes are eclectic and diverse -- including racial discrimination, man's inhumanity to man, political corruption, social justice, and death -- so also are his stylistic and linguistic modes which encompass the employment of elaborate imagery, satire, antithesis, dramatic dialogue, and biblical allusions.

  4. Portraits in medical biography: Alexander Pope (1688-1744), poet, patient, celebrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Douglas

    2013-11-01

    Portraits are underused in the medical biographies of patients, yet they can illuminate health concerns and even health itself in many ways. Tying portraiture and medicine together analytically yields many insights into Pope's medical biography - from his response to satirical ridicule to his friends' concern for his health - without abandoning his portraits as works of 'art'.

  5. “Satire” in Khorasani Poetry in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    جواد  غلا‌م‌علی‌زاده

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sayyed Mohammad Bagher Hosseini *   Javad Gholamalizade **     Abstract     The fourth and fifth centuries are known as the golden age of Arab poetry in Khorasan, in such a way that Khorasan became a place for great poets and scholars from all over the Islamic world. One of the poetic genres culminated in this period is usually created when human is faced with an affair that irritates him and makes him angry and sad, and makes him interpret sometimes explicitly, sometimes implicitly, sometimes by nasty speech and sometimes by a virgin mode. Through analysis of related poems, the present study makes an attempt to investigate the reasons for creating satire, types of satire and its use in Khorasani poetry.     Key words : poetry/ poem, satire, Khorasan, satire form Dehkhoda    * Associate Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Ferdowsi University – Mashhad.   E-mail: hoseinifmb@yahoo.com.  ** Ph.D Candidate in Arabic Language and Literature, Ferdowsi University – Mashhad.   E-mail: javad_gh61@yahoo.com.

  6. Being "Stresslessly Invisible": The Rise and Fall of Videophony in David Foster Wallace's "Infinite Jest"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbat, Christoph

    2010-01-01

    In a satiric chapter of David Foster Wallace's novel "Infinite Jest," a mock media expert reports how American consumers of the near future recoil from a new communication device known as "videophony" and return to the voice-only telephone of the Bell Era. This article explores the said chapter in the framework of media theories reading the…

  7. Hey, you! The Germans! Using Literary Pragmatics to Teach Language as Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Chantelle

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the author outlines a sample lesson that has been developed for second- or third-year German students using the short satirical vignette "Hurra, ich lebe in Deutschland" from the Turkish-German author Sinasi Dikmen's book of the same name. The lesson draws heavily from literary pragmatics, an area of applied linguistics which studies…

  8. The New Star, the New Nose: Tycho Brahe's Nasal Prosthesis. A Nosepiece for Peter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østermark-Johansen, Lene

    2017-01-01

    and contextualizes it within cutting-edge sixteenth-century rhinoplasty. The shiny nose, given fetish status by Freud in 1927, became an object of ridicule in seventeenth-century satire, but only Brahe knew how to link the microcosmic and the macrocosmic, the heavenly and the earthly stars....

  9. The Skeletons' Halloween

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourque, Simone

    2010-01-01

    Mexican printer Jose Guadalupe Posada's (1851-1913) numerous prints of "calaveras" gave vast popularity to skeleton figures through his satirical and politically critical renditions of skeletons engaged in daily activities. They are oftentimes represented in festive and playful posturing. Calaveras have now become the most original trait…

  10. The Heathen Obama

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Rune Reimer

    2008-01-01

    Om faren ved brugen af satire i fremstillinger af race i amerikansk kultur.  Forskningsbaseret bidrag til akademisk blog om amerikansk historie, kultur, og samfundsforhold. I samarbejde med bl.a. forskere fra KUA, RUC, AUC. Udgivelsesdato: 15.07...

  11. DRAMA AS A TOOL FOR SOCIAL COMMENTARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Ike

    56-69. Obadiegwu, Cyprain.O. “Satire and the Politics of a Viable Alternative: The Example of Ola Rotimi's If: a Tragedy of the Ruled” Theatre. Experience vol 1. Awka: Penmark Publishers Inc, 2002. 112-. 121. Obadiegwu, Cyprain.O “ The Search for Ideal Leadership and the. Evolution of Rotimi's Dramatic Heroism” Theatre ...

  12. Coyote, He/She Was Going There: Sex and Gender in Native American Trickster Stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballinger, Franchot

    2000-01-01

    Native American trickster stories teach lessons about inappropriate social behavior or roles through satire. Frequent targets of such lessons are gender relations, expectations, and transgressions, most notably male licentiousness. Lessons concerning inappropriate female behavior may be conveyed through female trickster stories, found mainly in…

  13. Reproduction, Contestation, and Political Theater: Reflections on Three Productions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirley, Dennis

    1986-01-01

    Considers the potential of political theater to raise questions of social justice in a provocative manner for students. Describes three productions at a Swiss boarding school, in which the author served as director: a feminist "Taming of the Shrew," a student-written satirical cabaret, and Brecht's "The Good Person of Sezuan."…

  14. Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" and Betty Friedan's "The Second Stage": The Role of the Outsider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynes, Nancy

    Although both Virginia Woolf in "Three Guineas" and Betty Friedan in "The Second Stage" address the role of women as "outsiders" in a male-dominated society, their attitudes towards the issue--despite certain similarities--differ in at least one important way. "Three Guineas," a feminist-pacifist satire on…

  15. APLIFIKASI ISLAM DALAM MEME “MENGAJAK NIKAH KE KUA”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rulli Nasrullah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The participation of social media users in online communication also encouraging the spread of the phenomenon of marriage in society including the reasons that sound cliche appears that  a satire and sarcasm meme of ”Mengajak Nikah ke KUA” appeared and distributed through social media and become a reflection from the real world in the virtual world . Through virtual ethnographic research with Analisis Media Siber level of technic, this article tries to trace the cultural artifacts of satire and values contained in the meme . Partisipasi pengguna dalam komunikasi online di media sosial juga merambah pada fenomena ajakan menikah di tengah masyarakat termasuk di dalamnya alasan-alasan yang terdengar klise yang muncul. Meme “Mengajak Nikah ke KUA” merupakan satire atau sindiran yang muncul dan terdistribusi melalui media sosial dan menjadi semacam cerminan dunia virtual yang berasal dari dunia nyata. Melalui riset etnografi virtual dengan teknik level Analisis Media Siber, artikel ini mencoba menelusuri artefak budaya tentang satire dan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam meme tersebut.

  16. Mind over Matter: A Popular Pediatrician Stretches a Synapse or Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willingham, Daniel T.

    2005-01-01

    Mel Levine writes about learning disabilities in a way that sometimes invites satire. The premise of his 2003 book, "The Myth of Laziness," for example, is that a child who appears lazy probably does not lack motivation, but rather suffers from "output failure." Levine, a professor of pediatrics at the University of North…

  17. A Study of the Syntactic Parameters in Wale Okediran's Tenants of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Employing content analysis, this article examines Wale Okediran's satirical use of the language of politics in Tenants of .... systemic model of grammar for its analysis. Functional Sentence Types. Declarative ..... decides to return the bribe he had earlier collected in error, quit the corrupt group in support of the Speaker in his ...

  18. The Style of Ben Okri in Songs of Enchantment and Infinite Riches

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    Nigerian literary artists are not quiet over this situation. Our literature raises many issues of ... Abrams defines satire as “the literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward .... This is in line with the mystic, mythical and gothic style of Okri's writing. Azaro also reveals: “Like a pilgrim ...

  19. A Look at the Modern Fantasy Currently Available to Young Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cianciolo, Patricia Jean

    This paper examines the fantasy literature that is currently available to young readers. Twenty-two children's books are listed and discussed under the following topics: good storytelling and lively imagination, recurring themes, satires and word play, original fairytales, and works that reflect the divided self, the occult, and parapsychology. It…

  20. Teaching and Learning in a Post-Truth World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Renee

    2017-01-01

    Renee Hobbs, director of the Media Education Lab at the Harrington School of Communication and Media at the University of Rhode Island, cautions us to stop using the term "fake news" with students and be more precise about the types of disinformation prevalent in content today, from hoaxes and satire to clickbait. In this article, she…

  1. The Crisis of Under-Development and the Failure of the Elite Class ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Year of the Locusts explores the issues of under-development and argues that the novel, instead of creating characters that can change their condition and by extension that of their people engages in a game of satire against the elite of the society. These characters are incapable of creating the needed change in their ...

  2. Russian emigration in the Balkans: The problem of understanding and cultural interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antanasievič Irina N.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of understanding and cultural interaction on the -example of the Russian emigration, which happened after the revolution in Yugoslavia will be considered in the analysis of behavioral models and analysis of everyday culture, in forms that are fixed on the pages of Russian satirical magazine.

  3. Stylistic Devices in Ben Okri's The Famished Road | Ikechi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper discusses stylistic devices in Ben Okri's The Famished Road. In the presentation of his story, the novelist makes use of literary devices which enrich readers' understanding and enjoyment of his subject matter. Satire, register, cliché, pidgin and proverbs are some of the devices. Others include: figurative language ...

  4. The Politics of Deception and the French Lais in the Roman de Fauvel, Manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marinescu, R.C.I.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/413277046

    2014-01-01

    The interpolated version of the French allegorical satire, the Roman de Fauvel, transmitted in manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146 (produced in Paris ca. 1317), targets the corruption within the French royal court in the last years of the rule of King Philip IV of

  5. BENTUK KIGO PADA HAIKU DAN ISI SINDIRAN PADA SENRYU OLEH MAHASISWA SASTRA JEPANG UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitriana Puspita Dewi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In the Japanese literature, poetry has its own type and form, including Haiku and Senryu with 5-7-5 syllabic structure. Another prominent characteristic of Haiku is the topic concerning beauty of nature and the elements like Kigo or Kisetsu no Kotoba (the words marking the seasons in which it shows the closeness of Japanese people with nature. Senryu has humorous and witty elements, including satire and the story about people; it does not describe season at all. Therefore, cultural background and social condition of society will affect content and form of the satire. This research aims to analyze the form of kigo in haiku and the content of satire in senryu, written by students of Japanese Literature in Brawijaya University. This research used qualitative descriptive methodology. The research shows the result that kigo ame and kigo taiyou are the most frequently used forms.  In senryu, the contents of satire are love, student life, and physical depiction.

  6. The Gestural Theory of Language Origins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, David F.

    2008-01-01

    The idea that iconic visible gesture had something to do with the origin of language, particularly speech, is a frequent element in speculation about this phenomenon and appears early in its history. Socrates hypothesizes about the origins of Greek words in Plato's satirical dialogue, "Cratylus", and his speculation includes a possible…

  7. Let's Play: Exploring Literacy Practices in an Emerging Videogame Paratext

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burwell, Catherine; Miller, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the literacy practices associated with Let's Play videos (or LPs) on YouTube. A hybrid of digital gaming and video, LPs feature gameplay footage accompanied by simultaneous commentary recorded by the player. Players may set out to promote, review, critique or satirize a game. In recent years, LPs have become hugely popular…

  8. Pornography and Debasement of Womanhood in African Films: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Using the tenets of media content analysis of selected Nollywood/Ghallywood films, this paper believes that African films particularly those of Nollywood and Ghallywood should not be a means of promoting violence, “gangsterism”, promiscuity, and sexual immorality. Instead, it should be seen asa viable tool for satirizing ...

  9. Declinazioni del comico nei racconti di Stefano Benni | Boria | Italian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stefano Benni's work, a blend of biting social satire and fantasy, has won him the reputation of Italy's leading humorous writer. A prolific columnist and author of novels, short stories, poems, and plays, Benni has been playing with language and literary genres since his debut in the late 70s, becoming one of the early Italian ...

  10. Innovations in English at Bethany College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Delmar C.

    1969-01-01

    Curriculum reform begun in January 1968 in the English department at Bethany College (Lindsborg, Kansas) is detailed in this article. New offerings feature three "mode" courses: (1) the Romance-Epic, (2) the Comic and Satiric, and (3) the Tragic. Two new majors, the English major and the English teaching major, are examined; degree requirements…

  11. Don't Smile before Christmas: The Role of Humor in Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallinger, Linda Moody

    1997-01-01

    Humor can be a powerful, productive tool to help teachers succeed in the classroom. Humor cultivates spirit, alleviates stress, improves communication, and diffuses conflict. Reviews types of humor (satire, cheerfulness, eccentricity, and sarcasm), discusses humor's classroom uses and benefits, and shows how school leaders can introduce humor into…

  12. Ach, mijn martelaartje! : J.B.D. Wibmers postures en de ruimte voor politieke kritiek rond 1820

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ham, Laurens

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the oeuvre of J.B.D. Wibmer (1792-1836) is analyzed. This hack writer published several popular magazines and pamphlets between 1818 and 1836, in which sharply satirical opinions were expressed about the protestant church and the Dutch monarchy of William I. A posture analysis of

  13. Unraveling Dimensions : Commodity futures curves and equity liquidity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Karstanje (Dennis)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ An inspiring and intriguing book on dimensions is “Flatland - A Romancy of Many Dimensions” by Edwin A. Abbott. In this satirical novel, Abbott describes different dimensional worlds from the point of view of A. Square, who is living in the

  14. Navigating between the Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleron, Julian F.; Ecke, Volker

    2011-01-01

    Generations have been inspired by Edwin A. Abbott's profound tour of the dimensions in his novella "Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions" (1884). This well-known satire is the story of a flat land inhabited by geometric shapes trying to navigate the subtleties of their geometric, social, and political positions. In this article, the authors…

  15. For dating Chariton’s novel: the figure of Demetrius the Cynic, a reverse of the true philosopher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelle Laplace

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to demonstrate the character of the pirate Theron, whose false name, Demetrius, in the novel is a philosopher’s name too, contains a satire against Demetrius the Cynic; by considering the whole account, I infer from it the novel has been composed in the reign of Trajanus.

  16. Personal Effects and Vital Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemp McLeod, Ann-Sophie

    and satirical dressings and undressings in Mary Evelyn’s Mundus Muliebris and Alexander Pope’s The Rape of the Lock (1712; 1714) to it - narratives such as The Adventures of a Quire of Paper (1779) . Revisionist readings of contemporary notions property and personhood in - among others - John Locke’s Essay...

  17. State Secret: North Carolina and the Cherokee Trail of Tears

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, James

    2008-01-01

    This paper is an analytic essay that examines the treatment of the Cherokee Trail of Tears in a North Carolina fourth grade textbook. I begin by offering a satiric look at an imaginary textbook's treatment of the Holocaust that is based closely on the actual narrative of the Trail of Tears written in the fourth grade text. Following this, close…

  18. The Celluloid Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breault, Rick

    2009-01-01

    Though the filmed portrayal of teachers can be inspiring or humorously satirical, the stereotype offered in those films might tell us much about how the larger culture views traditionally trained teachers and how schools can be reformed. It is argued here that Hollywood's emphasis on the need for outsiders to come in and rescue students from…

  19. "Words as Bullets", Poetry as a Veritable Tool for Social Criticism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poetry is one of the genres of literature and has over the years found its bestapplication and usage as a weapon, a tool for criticism with which poets mock and satirize societal actions, values and attitudes in the hopes of correcting and instilling in the people the right and ethical moral values which in no small measure will ...

  20. «Queixas» e repreensões da «Peraltice» : Folhetos de Sátira e Apologia da Moda no Portugal de Setecentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Vilas-Boas Tavares

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing abundant urban sampling, this article, using cordel brochures, recurrent socio-cultural and ideo-mental factors are reconstituted, implied or patented in fashion diffusion (male and female in the second half of the eighteenth century and end of the Old Regime, giving likewise account of contemporary satire and critical questioning of such phenomena.

  1. Ytringsfrihed - Trosfrihed - Blasfemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Karsten; Vallø, Helle

    2017-01-01

    Spændingen mellem ytringsfriheden og visse religiøse kræfters krav om beskyttelse mod kritik og satire er bl.a. en konsekvens af nutidens udbredte brug af religion som politisk våben, som der er kommet fokus på pga. debatten om afskaffelse af blasfemiparagraffen i Straffeloven....

  2. Family Counseling Interventions: Understanding Family Systems and the Referral Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This article describes concepts underlying the idea of the "family as a system"; compares and contrasts four approaches to family therapy (those of Virginia Satir, Jay Haley, Murray Bowen, and Salvador Minuchin); and offers suggestions to teachers referring parents for family counseling. (DB)

  3. Teacher Attitudes toward Muslim Student Integration into Civil Society: A Report from Six European Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpes, Donald K.; Schou, Lotte R.

    2014-01-01

    The convergence of Islam and national and cultural identity in Europe, exacerbated by external events like a murder, assassination, riot, embassy bombing or even a satirical cartoon, has the potential for disrupting civic order and eroding movements towards cultural assimilation and national integration. Clearly, fundamentalism in any religion,…

  4. Perceptions of Teacher Brinkmanship Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melancon, Jan G.; Thompson, Bruce

    Brinkmanship behaviors are challenges to authority expressed in such a mannner that expected negative sanctions are typically avoided. They are usually extemporaneous, involve satire or sarcasm, and take place in front of an audience. This study investigated 43 principals' and 137 teachers' perceptions of teacher brinkmanship behaviors and sought…

  5. The Harry "A" Chesler Collection of Illustration and Comic Art at Fairleigh Dickinson University: A Booklist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Randall W., Ed.

    The more than 600 books and studies on illustration and comic art cited in this booklist cover a wide variety of topics, including comic strips, political satire, pop culture, and animated cartoons. Materials are international in scope, and each item is listed alphabetically by its main entry in the Chesler Collection shelflist. A contact is…

  6. Anti-Semitism in American Caricature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, John; Appel, Selma

    1986-01-01

    Caricatures produced between the end of the Civil War and World War II--cartoons in humor and satire weeklies, newspaper comics, posters, advertising, book illustrations, etc.--sanctioned ethnic and racial slurs. Jews were presented as negative stereotypes, characterized most often by stealth and derision. (LHW)

  7. «Queixas» e repreensões da «Peraltice» : Folhetos de Sátira e Apologia da Moda no Portugal de Setecentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Vilas-Boas Tavares

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing abundant urban sampling, this article, using cordel brochures, recurrent socio-cultural and ideo-mental factors are reconstituted, implied or patented in fashion diffusion (male and female in the second half of the eighteenth century and end of the Old Regime, giving likewise account of contemporary satire and critical questioning of such phenomena

  8. 'American Psycho': a double portrait of serial yuppie Patrick Bateman

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooijman, J.; Laine, T.

    2003-01-01

    Kooijman and Laine analyze Mary Harron's "American Psycho," a 2000 film adaptation of the 1980s satirical novel by Bret Easton Ellis in which Patrick Bateman, a narcissistic Wall Street young urban professional ("yuppie"), assumes an alternate identity as a serial killer. The authors examine the

  9. Journal - Ujah 2

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UJU

    that prevailed in most Black Africa before writing system came. Some ... Most of these were taken from women-composed songs. Women have been part and parcel of literature in the traditional setting in various forms. Lincom urse in . gments ... were chief players in oral performance like lyrics, satire, less rigorous dances,.

  10. Ceci n'est pas la solidarité: On public mourning, identification and political solidarity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaulingfreks, F.N.A.

    2015-01-01

    Over the past months two widely attended cases of public mourning took place. In the United States many mourned the death of Michael Brown, Eric Garner and other people of color who were killed by the police. In France people mourned the thirteen who were killed in the terrorist attack on satirical

  11. n Oorsig van Breyten Breytenbach se poësie-oeuvre

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tienie01

    12 Jun 2006 ... Skool vir Tale, Media en Kultuur,. Nelson Mandela Metropolitaanse ... Writing” by die Universiteit van New York, is volgens Google-soektogte internasio- naal onbetwisbaar. Saam met 'n handvol ... boeddhistiesegedigte in Met ander woorde, politieke strydverse en satire in Skryt. Ook in Voetskrif, voor-arres ...

  12. The laughing librarian a history of American library humor

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Jeanette C

    2012-01-01

    ""Should be required reading for all librarians and library-school students""--Booklist; ""a must have...recommend""--Library History Buff Blog; ""charts the largely unexplored territory of library wit and satire, both inside and outside the profession""--C&RL News.

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anurudu, Stephen Madu. Vol 6, No 1 (2017) - Articles Decoding the Metaphor of Internet Meme: A Study of Satirical Tweets on Black Friday Sales in Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2227-5460. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  14. America's Assembly Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David Edwin

    A social history of the assembly line, invented in 1913. Both praised as a boon to consumers and as a curse for workers, it has been satirized, imitated, and celebrated for 100 years. It has inspired fiction, comedy, cafeteria layouts, and suburban housing. It transformed industrial labor...

  15. Diversity and Trapping Efficiency of Nematophagous Fungi from Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.E. Elshafie

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the nematophagous mycobiota biodiversity of 82 soil and leaf-litter samples in the Sultanate of Oman yielded ten species of nematode trapping fungi belonging to three genera. The species are: Arthrobotrys eudermata, A. thaumasia, A. musiformis, A. oligospora, A. oligospora var. oligospora, A. oudemansii, A. multiformis, A. javanica, Drechslerella brochopaga and Gamsylella geophyropaga. This is the first record of these species in Oman. Arthobotrys multiformis represents the second record of this species worldwide. A systematic study showed that A. oudemansii, A. multiformis and A. javanica were morphologically more variable than was so far known. In four days, A. oligospora, A. thaumasia, D. brochopaga and A. eudermata trapped all nematodes added to the Petri dishes (Panagrellus redivivus, 100 specimens per dish. No significant differences were found in the trapping efficiency among the species tested.

  16. Cold tolerance of an Antarctic nematode that survives intracellular freezing: comparisons with other nematode species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, T; Wharton, D A; Marshall, C J

    2008-01-01

    Panagrolaimus davidi is an Antarctic nematode with very high levels of cold tolerance. Its survival was compared with that of some other nematodes (P. rigidus, Rhabditophanes sp., Steinernema carpocapsae, Panagrellus redivivus and Ditylenchus dipsaci) in both unacclimated samples and those acclimated at 5 degrees C. Levels of recrystallization inhibition in homogenates were also compared, using the splat-cooling assay. The survival of P. davidi after the freezing of samples was notably higher than that of the other species tested, suggesting that its survival ability is atypical compared to other nematodes. In general, acclimation improved survival. Levels of recrystallization inhibition were not associated with survival but such a relationship may exist for those species that are freezing tolerant.

  17. Las cortes de Cádiz y la iglesia. El papel de Abeja española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Alonso Feito

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available When the Cádiz Cortes were committed in drafting their constitution, church-state relations were quite tense, since the measures adopted by the Cortes and endorsed by the Constitution of 1812, clearly clashed with clerical centuries-long interests and deep-rooted ideology. In this context, the activity of some representatives of the Cadiz local press and, in particular, the satirical journal Abeja Española, was aimed at widespreading the constitutional principles and creating what nowadays we intend as “public opinion”. Publications are embedded with satire but there can be read serious articles and contributions of social concern too, aimed at seducing an audience who moves towards modernity.

  18. Mainstreaming the Avant-Garde: Modernism in Life Magazine (New York, 1883–1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Mansanti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between literary modernism and mainstream culture within a little-studied American magazine, Life (New York, 1884-1936. It does so by looking at three ways in which Life presented modernism to its readers: by quoting modernist writing, and, above all, by satirizing modernist art, and by offering didactic explanations of modernist art and literature. By reconsidering some of the long-established divisions between high and low culture, and between ‘little’ and ‘bigger’ magazines, this paper contributes to a better understanding of what modernism was and meant. It also suggests that the double agenda observed in Life – both satirical and didactic – might be a way of defining middlebrow magazines.

  19. The Subversive Role of Verbal Aggression in the Sarcastic Language of Njuz.net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanka Kalaba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, Serbia has witnessed coming into being of various media forms that all provide social, political and cultural criticism through acrid comedy, parody and satire. The paper centers on sarcasm as one of the key aggressive rhetorical devices used in the language of popular satirical portal Njuz.net, with an overview of the structural and functional characteristics of sarcasm in contemporary communication. The paper explores how language aggressiveness manages to create an affirmative context in which the domineering structures of the official discourse are undermined by marginalized alternative discourses, as well as how such content, disseminated mainly through social networks and blogs and charged with verbal aggression and intertextual allusiveness stemming from deeper political, historical and social issues, succeeds in providing a narrative of kinship among those who often see it as the last recourse to sanity.Keywords: sarcasm, violence, language, popular culture, Njuz.net

  20. Representation of the cartoon controversy on the U.S. newspapers

    OpenAIRE

    Yusuf Yüksel; Ayhan Akbulut

    2015-01-01

    Cartoon Crisis composed one of the most comprehensive international security problems of the last decade. A Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten, published 12 cartoons to satirize Prophet Mohammed in September 2005 which resulted in boycotts, anger and violent protest and thus a global conflict. The dispute over the cartoons has brought out the questions about the relations between the Islamic World and the West, the role of media on those relations, the limits of freedom of speech and right to ...

  1. JRHR Vol 8 No 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    The only immediate choice left to him according to the law of the land was to go on exile. He thus went on a ... Here, Bell-Gam, indeed tried his hand in satire writing. Like in theme of “stranger and home-going” as .... presentation of his personality readily gave the reader a full picture of the man – Omenuko. Similarly, in Ije ...

  2. Fan action and political participation on "The Colbert Report"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Schulzke

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Colbert Report merges the increasingly popular political satire genre with fan activism. The result is that the fan community helps to construct Colbert's malleable character and demonstrates symbolic power through its willingness to act. The fans are usually a nonpartisan force, acting to produce entertainment rather than substantive political change. However, this can be politically meaningful, as the fans' projects promote collective action, parallel political activities like voting and protesting, and encourage critical thinking about political information.

  3. Loriot as a Symbolic Interactionist. Or: Why We Sometimes Need to Negotiate Social Order Even in a Bathtub

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Koob

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The following essay intends to outline both the theoretical (action theory and methodological essentials of Symbolic Interactionism in a predominantly student-oriented way. The importance of norms in generating social order is discussed by referring to a satirical example. Almost unnoticed the reader is made familiar with the central terminology as well as with the reconstructive methodology of Symbolic Interactionism. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0701279

  4. Catalan political humor: criticism and self-criticism

    OpenAIRE

    Serés Seuma, Teresa; Viana, Amadeu, 1958-

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe how Catalan humor works in the context of political TV satire, where everyday references mutate in order to show hidden meanings and parallel purposes. Using mainly pragmatic and discourse analysis as tools, we will try to decipher conversational exchanges that create hilarity and promote political critique. Tokens of linguistic (or verbal) humor as well as referential (or situational) humor will be analyzed, trying to show the range of thei...

  5. Anatomie der Industrierevolution : Watt, Dalton und Gay-Lussac in Goethes Wahlverwandtschaften

    OpenAIRE

    Matsui, Takaoki; 松井, 尚興

    2013-01-01

    Although Elective Affinities is subtitled "a novel", it has much in common with another literary genre : the Menippean satire which is also called the anatomy. It implicitly caricatures the zealous efforts of scientists to inquire into the "elective affinities" of the four elements (the four protagonists). Goethe included James Watt in those scientists. The old inventor is depicted as a young "assistant"of the "headmistress" [Vorsteherin] of a "boarding school" [Pension]. The plans and hardsh...

  6. A comparative analysis of ezra pound’s in a station of the metro and t.s. Eliot’s the love song of j. Alfred prufrock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAHRUKH BAIG

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pound and Eliot’s satiric criticism on the new morality of the modern world is skillfully achieved in their famous poems, “In a Station of the Metro” and “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”. This research paper is aimed at a comparative analysis of these poems, with particular regards to their thematic concerns and stylistic features.

  7. Pastiche in Contemporary Latin American Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Franco

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Pastiche, defined as non-satiric imitation, is a characteristic feature of contemporary Latin American narrative. Although unlike parody it does not stand in antagonist relationship with a prior text, nevertheless pastiche marks a distance and a displacement of other texts. The article illustrates this with reference to Mario Vargas Llosa's pastiche of Machiguenga indigenous legends in his novel El hablador and Silviano Santiago's pastiche of Graciliano Ramos's prison memories in his novel, Em Liberdade .

  8. An allegedly wicked sonnet by Lope de Vega (Duerme el sol de Belisa en noche escura and its source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Arellano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the humorous and satirical value of the sonnet «The Portrait of a Lady after her death», included in Rimas de Tomé de Burguillos, the last book of Lope de Vega. Other lyrical interpretations are discussed and details are given concerning its source of inspiration, which is a joke recorded by Juan Rufo in his Six hundred apothegms (Seiscientas apotegmas.

  9. CATHERINE II AND HER PLAYS

    OpenAIRE

    Drozdek, Adam

    2015-01-01

    Catherine II produced a fairly large number of plays in which she satirized particular vices and included a moderate number de moral teachings. However, in many of them Catherine was primarily occupied with amorous pursuits. Her so-called French plays are weak, full of gossip and ridiculing. Catherine also addressed the problem of education, but in most cases this was reduced to crude criticism, particularly of the masonry, fairly popular then in Russia. Although she was technically the head ...

  10. Self-reflexive videogames: observations and corollaries on virtual worlds as philosophical artifacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Gualeni

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Self-reflexive videogames are videogames designed to materialize critical and/or satirical perspectives on the ways in which videogames themselves are designed, played, sold, manipulated, experienced, and understood as social objects. This essay focuses on the use of virtual worlds as mediators, and in particular on the use of videogames to guide and encourage reflections on technical, interactive, and thematic conventions in videogame design and development.

  11. Picture and counter-picture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bent

    1997-01-01

    The article contains a number of examples of depictions of the French-italian commedia dell'arte fra the 17. century, put into an iconographic and mentality historical context aiming at an interpretation at two levels: On the one hand a reference to the selfrepresentation of the regime and on the...... and on the other hand a derivation from the carnivalesque imagery which all together expand the understanding of the political satire in a grotesque direction implicitly contained in the pictures....

  12. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sarayrah, MA · Sati, MOM · Satir, Ali Abdel · Satti, GMH · Satti, M · Satti, MMH · Sboo, I 1 - 50 of 113 Items 1 2 3 > >>. ISSN: 1858-5051. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL ...

  13. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sati, MOM · Satir, Ali Abdel · Satti, GMH · Satti, M · Satti, MMH · Sboo, I · Seiadahmed M, Zeinab · Sessie, S · Shabo, FH · Shaddad, S A · Shaddad, SAI · Shahata, WM · Shaheen, S · Shaheen, Samir · Shaker, Gehan · Shalayel, M · Shalayel, MH · Shalayel, MHF · Shallaly, GE 1151 - 1200 of 1314 Items << < 19 20 21 22 23 24 ...

  14. BETWEEN MODERN TRABZON AND ANCIENT TREBIZOND: THE RESURRECTION OF THE HISTORICAL AUTHOR IN MACAULAY’S THE TOWERS OF TREBIZOND

    OpenAIRE

    Çıraklı, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Mustafa Zeki

    2014-01-01

    Ostensibly being a semi-autobiographical travel account, The Towers of Trebizond presents a character who resurrects from the ashes of the ancient city. The novel uses autobiography to provide seriousness to the satiric comedy of the travellers and employs the ancient city in order to revive the sense of fantasy and colourful imagination. The author compares the innocent woman to the ancient Trebizond while her present state is compared to the decayed contemporary Trabzon. So, this paper argu...

  15. Ever Resemble Janus with a Diverse Face : ジョン・ダン『イグナチウスの秘密会議』における公会議主義(1)

    OpenAIRE

    森, ゆかり

    2004-01-01

    John Donne(1572-1631), in his years of the spiritual crisis at Mitcham, penned the satirical tour de force Conclave Ignati, first in Latin, followed by his own translation into English, published in 1611 as Ignatius His Conclave. This book might be interpreted in the context of King James' controversy with Cardinal Bellarmine over the Oath of Allegiance, whereby the Protestant Establishment attempted to distinguish between Roman Catholics who were loyal subjects of the Kingdom and those who w...

  16. Stratospheric O3 changes during 2001–2010: the small role of solar flux variations in a chemical transport model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Dhomse

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Solar spectral fluxes (or irradiance measured by the SOlar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE show different variability at ultraviolet (UV wavelengths compared to other irradiance measurements and models (e.g. NRL-SSI, SATIRE-S. Some modelling studies have suggested that stratospheric/lower mesospheric O3 changes during solar cycle 23 (1996–2008 can only be reproduced if SORCE solar fluxes are used. We have used a 3-D chemical transport model (CTM, forced by meteorology from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF, to simulate middle atmospheric O3 using three different solar flux data sets (SORCE, NRL-SSI and SATIRE-S. Simulated O3 changes are compared with Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER satellite data. Modelled O3 anomalies from all solar flux data sets show good agreement with the observations, despite the different flux variations. The off-line CTM reproduces these changes through dynamical information contained in the analyses. A notable feature during this period is a robust positive solar signal in the tropical middle stratosphere, which is due to realistic dynamical changes in our simulations. Ozone changes in the lower mesosphere cannot be used to discriminate between solar flux data sets due to large uncertainties and the short time span of the observations. Overall this study suggests that, in a CTM, the UV variations detected by SORCE are not necessary to reproduce observed stratospheric O3 changes during 2001–2010.

  17. Cavaire ~ Bonafos, "Bonafos, yeu vos envit" (BdT 111.1= 99.1

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    Rosa María Medina Granda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the use of the senhal Bonafos, that occurs in l. 27 of the partimen between Cavaire and Bonafos, as a satirical-parodic senhal. We propose to analyse Bonafos in the same way as we previously examined the use of its opposite, Malafos, in contexts containing a discourse that is far from that of the Canso. This would be the case of the pastorela and the partimen. The use of an echoing irony and its interaction with parody and satire would have made possible the conversion of a previous discursive modalizer into a satirical-parodic senhal in this partimen. We also take into account the use that Jews from the south of France made of the anthroponym Bonafos. The conclusions from previous works as well as the data deriving from the Geopatronyme have provided us with this interesting information. However, we do not believe that in this partimen Bonafos is the real name of the jongleur. On the contrary, we argue that Bonafos, even if an anthroponym, might have continued to ‘encapsulate’ the echo of its hypothetical origin: the discursive modalizer (anc bona fos.

  18. La satira grottesca nelle tre ‘povesti’ di Michail Bulgakov: la tragica carnevalizzazione della Russia degli anni Venti

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    Cheti Traini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of 1921 Mikhail Bulgakov, a young doctor from Kiev with literary expectations, finally moved to Moscow. The capital of the new Soviet world is entering into the Nep’s years, featured by the figure of a new social climber, the nepman. Moscow and the entire Russia are changing, by staging a kind of huge Carnival of which Bulgakov chooses to portrait its contradictory and paradoxal nature throughout the instruments of a grotesque satire. The writer intends to represent the relativity and absurdity of situations that cross the threshold of reality to penetrate the world of paradox and absurd, where mistaken identities, amazing discoveries and unlikely experiments may be read as dethronizations of inauthentic heroes, unmasking of false myths, tragi-comic teasing of the authoritarian word. This paper analyses three examples of the bulgakovian satire in the ‘povesti’ D’javoliada,  Rokovye jajca e Sobač’e serdce and, with the aid of Bachtin’s interpretations, it suggests a new reading of the three writings and an insight into the reasons for the choice of the satirical genre in the whole literary work of the writer.

  19. Neurological caricatures since the 15th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorusso, Lorenzo

    2008-01-01

    During the Renaissance, different artists began to draw medical illustrations from various viewpoints. Leonardo da Vinci was among those who sought to portray the emotional as well as the physical qualities of man. Other European artists described caricatural aspects of medical activities. In Northern Europe, Albrecht Durer, Hieronymus Bosch, and Pieter Brueghel were also famous for drawing caricatures. Later English artists, notably William Hogarth, Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray, and the Cruikshanks, satirized life in general and the medical profession in particular. In Spain, Francisco Goya's works became increasingly macabre and satirical following his own mysterious illness and, in France, Honore Daumier used satire and humor to expose medical quackery. Also physicians such as Charles Bell and Jean-Martin Charcot were talented caricaturists. Their own personal artistic styles reflected their approach and gave a different "image" of neurology. Caricatures were popular portraits of developments in science and medicine and were frequently used whenever scientific language was too difficult to disseminate, in particular in the field of neurology.

  20. Estudio del paradigma mesiánico de Elías: Historia de su interpretación

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    P. César Carbullanca N

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La expectativa mesiánica del profeta escatológico se presenta en las Sagradas Escrituras por medio de los textos Dt 18, 18; Ex 23, 20 y Mal 3, 1. 23, que hablan de las figuras de Moisés y Elías. Este artículo, el primero de una serie, está centrado solo en Elías y presenta la historia de la interpretación que han realizado en torno a la figura del profeta durante el periodo que media entre el judaísmo tardío y el cristianismo primitivo. El artículo explica en primer lugar los antecedentes conceptuales y terminológicos de esta expectativa; en segundo lugar expone las diversas connotaciones que posee la figura de Elías durante el judaísmo tardío, tanto en Qumrán como en la literatura rabínica. En tercer lugar desarrolla la interpretación que realizaron distintas comunidades cristianas de la venida del Elías redivivus, representadas por los textos de Lc 1, 68-79; Lc 7, 26-29 y Mc 9, 11-13. Esta historia de la interpretación otorga una "panorámica" que contextualiza adecuadamente las diversas confesiones cristológicas en los textos neotestamentariosThe messianic expectation of the eschatological prophet is presented in Sacred Scripture in the following texts: Dt 18:18, Ex 23:20 and Mal 3: 1, 23, which speak of the figures of Moses and Elijah. This article, the first in a series, is centered solely upon Elijah and presents the history of the interpretation that has been done regarding the figure of this prophet during the period that extends from late Judaism to primitive Christianity. The article explains, in the first place, the conceptual and terminological backgrounds of this expectation. In the second place, it expounds upon the diverse connotations that the figure of Elijah possessed during late Judaism, as much in Qumran as in rabbinical literature. Thirdly, it develops the interpretation that distinct Christian communities made about the coming of Elijah redivivus, represented by the texts Lk 1: 68-79; 7: 26-29 and Mk 9

  1. Le ‘convenienze teatrali’: i cantanti nelle caricature di Anton Maria Zanetti

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    Gianluca Stefani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Venetian engraver and collector Anton Maria Zanetti, quondam Girolamo the Elder, amused himself by caricaturing well known people of his time, above all operatic singers and other figures from musical theatre at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Zanetti’s graphic satire can be considered the visual equivalent of the famous Teatro alla moda by Benedetto Marcello: there are exact similarities between the biting literary portraits of male and female singers by the aristocratic Venetian composer and the figurative caricatures of castrati and prime donne by Zanetti. The works of both, full of hilarious wit and inveterate prejudices, are part of that satirical movement which accompanied the commercial musical theatre from its beginnings. This critical essay analyses some caricatures of the most famous singers of the time by Zanetti, and appraises the importance of the satirizing of the so-called convenienze teatrali shared by Marcello’s Teatro alla moda.L’incisore e collezionista veneziano Anton Maria Zanetti quondam Girolamo il vecchio si divertì a mettere in caricatura protagonisti del suo tempo, soprattutto cantanti d’opera e altre figure attinenti al teatro musicale del primo Settecento. La satira grafica zanettiana può considerarsi per molti aspetti l’equivalente visivo del celebre Teatro alla moda di Benedetto Marcello: puntuali le corrispondenze tra i graffianti ritratti letterari di virtuosi e canterine dell’aristocratico musicista veneziano e le icastiche caricature di castrati e primedonne di Zanetti. Gli uni e le altre, colmi di arguzie impagabili e inossidabili pregiudizi, rientrano in quel filone satirico che accompagna il teatro d’opera dei circuiti commerciali fin dai suoi esordi. Il saggio prende in considerazione alcune caricature zanettiane dei più noti cantanti dell’epoca, ponendo in valore quella satira delle cosiddette ‘convenienze teatrali’ condivisa dal libello marcelliano.  

  2. Current Source Study of the History of the Great Patriotic War. Problems and Prospects of Studying the Art Heritage of 1941-1945

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    Ogarkova Elena Vladimirovna

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes an urgency of the role of an art heritage and folklore of 1941-1945 years as perspective source for studying influence of war on the person and a society. By the example of activity of artists of a front seal the variety of displays of satire and humour in wartime is shown. An example of the fact that laughter and humor played a major role in the war can be found in the memoirs of many combatants, civilians, people of different professions. Even full of terrible details of the memories of children are mentions of Stalingrad as the edge of death, hopeless situation, people have found the strength to joke. Culture of folk humor – a powerful spiritual resource of any nation. On the one hand, it appears the attitude of people in a particular era. On the other hand, satire, humor, laughter – effective tools of propaganda and ideological influence. The culture of laughter responded to the challenges of wartime. It is possible to identify the mechanisms of self-preservation society and the individual. The issue of the research project “satire, humor, laughter in the culture of the Great Patriotic War”. Visual sources actualize the role of the artistic heritage in the formation of objective, reliable, multi-faceted, holistic scientific knowledge about the processes of socio-cultural development of the state and society in a world war. Artistic interpretation of scientific knowledge and the Great Patriotic War as a phenomenon of history and culture go hand in hand, influencing each other. Message from front generation accumulated in the art form and transmitted to descendants, as a cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War, is the basis for the formation of the historical memory of the Great Patriotic War and World War II as a whole.

  3. Comment Hollywood figure l’intériorité dans les films « hollywoodiens » de David Lynch, Lost Highway (1997, Mulholland Dr. (2001 et Inland Empire (2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David ROCHE

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article prend comme point de départ les travaux de Zachary Baqué et vise à montrer, à travers une étude diachronique, que les films hollywoodiens de Lynch ne le sont pas uniquement par leur représentation satirique d’un système corrompu qui compromet les ambitions qu’il suscite, ni même par la façon dont il retravaille les conventions génériques et narratives propres au cinéma hollywoodien. Hollywood est une présence à la fois horizontale et verticale, physique et abstraite, réelle et imaginaire, qui renvoie à la ville, au système, au cinéma et au rêve, si bien que la satire, la topographie, les motifs visuels parfois clichés et les références filmiques sont intimement liés en une expression de la subjectivité et de l’intérioritéThe article takes Zachary Baqué’s study of Los Angeles in the films of David Lynch as a starting point to explore David Lynch’s Hollywood movies. The author contends that the films offer more than a satirical representation of a corrupt, unhealthy system which threatens dreams and artistic creativity, or a parodic play on Hollywood genre and narrative conventions. Rather, Hollywood is a character, a presence, revealed as both horizontal and vertical, physical and abstract, evoking the city, the studio system, cinema and dreams, so that the satire, the visual motifs and clichés and the topography of Hollywood, and the references to Hollywood films, constitute a complex fabric of subjectivity and interiority.

  4. The Impact of Silver Nanoparticles Produced by Bacillus pumilus As Antimicrobial and Nematicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Wael M; Abdelmoneim, Tamer S; Elazzazy, Ahmed M

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluates the potential application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as antimicrobial or nematicidal agents produced by the extremophile Bacillus pumilus, which was isolated from the alkaline Wadi El-Natrun Lake in Egypt. The AgNPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The size of AgNPs formed ranged from 20.12 to 29.48 nm. Panagrellus redivivus was exposed to different concentrations (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 μg/mL) of AgNPs in a 5 mL nematode suspension (1 × 103 mL-1). The best result occurred at AgNP concentrations of 150 and 200 μg/mL, with death rates of 80 and 91%, respectively, following 48 h of exposure. AgNPs also exhibited potent antimicrobial properties when using Gram-negative and Gram-positive human pathogens, with MIC and MBC values of 5 and 10 μg/mL, respectively. These laboratory assays prove that biologically synthesized AgNPs are an ecofriendly material that can be used in lieu of solvents or toxic chemicals.

  5. The Impact of Silver Nanoparticles Produced by Bacillus pumilus as Antimicrobial and Nematicide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael M Mahmoud

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the potential application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs as antimicrobial or nematicidal agents produced by the extremophile Bacillus pumilus, which was isolated from the alkaline Wadi El-Natrun Lake in Egypt. The AgNPs were characterized by ultraviolet–visible absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The size of AgNPs formed ranged from 20.12 to 29.48 nm. Panagrellus redivivus was exposed to different concentrations (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 µg/mL of AgNPs in a 5 mL nematode suspension (1×103 mL-1. The best result occurred at AgNP concentrations of 150 and 200 µg/mL, with death rates of 80% and 91%, respectively, following 48 h of exposure. AgNPs also exhibited potent antimicrobial properties when using Gram-negative and Gram-positive human pathogens, with MIC and MBC values of 5 μg/mL and 10 μg/mL, respectively. These laboratory assays prove that biologically synthesized AgNPs are an ecofriendly material that can be used in lieu of solvents or toxic chemicals.

  6. Anthelmintic tolerance in free-living and facultative parasitic isolates of Halicephalobus (Panagrolaimidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonderie, P; Bert, W; Hendrickx, F; Houthoofd, W; Moens, T

    2012-09-01

    Studies on anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites do not include facultative parasites. Halicephalobus gingivalis is a free-living bacterivorous nematode and a known facultative parasite of horses with a strong indication of some form of tolerance to common anthelmintic drugs. This research presents the results of an in vitro study on the anthelmintic tolerance of several isolates of Halicephalobus to thiabendazole and ivermectin using an adaptation of the Micro-Agar Larval Development Test hereby focusing on egg hatching and larval development. Panagrellus redivivus and Panagrolaimus superbus were included as a positive control. The results generally show that the anthelmintic tolerance of Halicephalobus to both thiabendazole and ivermectin was considerably higher than that of the closely related Panagrolaimidae and, compared to other studies, than that of obligatory equine parasites. Our results further reveal a remarkable trend of increasing tolerance from fully free-living isolates towards horse-associated isolates. In vitro anthelmintic testing with free-living and facultative parasitic nematodes offers the advantage of observing drug effect on the complete life cycle as opposed to obligatory parasites that can only be followed until the third larval stage. We therefore propose Halicephalobus gingivalis as an experimental tool to deepen our understanding of the biology of anthelmintic tolerance.

  7. [Free-living nematodes as food of the sand shrimp, Crangon crangon : Experiments on the role of meiofauna as food of the marine macrobenthos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerlach, Sebastian A; Schrage, Marion

    1969-12-01

    Under laboratory conditions,Crangon crangon of different size classes survived periods of up to 210 days if fed exclusively with free-living nematodes. Experiments were performed with the saprobic nematode speciesPanagrellus redivivus which is of similar size (0.0003-0.0015 mg dry weight) as marine freeliving species and which is in the same way accepted as food by the shrimps. The shrimps are able to catch nematodes out of a sandy substratum at a rate of 5 nematodes/min, but they do so for only about 30 minutes, stopping after ingesting approximately 0.2 mg dry weight of nematodes. Thus the food intake is much less than with macrofauna prey, e.g. with the polychaeteLanice of which a shrimp may ingest 1.5 mg at one sitting. 20 mm long specimens ofCrangon feeding on nematodes had a maximum food intake of 1.5 mg dry weight per day only which explains why growth was insignificant (1 mm in 25-74 days) or non-existent.Shrimps left without food died within 27-47 days. Even if these animals, especially the larger ones, could not prosper on an exclusive diet of nematodes, in the absence of better food natural meiofauna populations may preventCrangon crangon from starving to death.

  8. Musical Intertextuality in Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle. A Razor Song that Cuts Clean through

    OpenAIRE

    Paciencia Umbría, Nora

    2017-01-01

    Kurt Vonnegut’s Cat’s Cradle has received great scholarship, yet the representation of music in the novel has often been missed. I will study the music intertextuality and point out the fact that Vonnegut’s milestone is highly indebted to the ballad tradition. The paper examines the leitmotifs Vonnegut used to write such a social satire, which are the same used in balladry. Secondly, the representation of music is analyzed by dividing the study into two main approaches, music in the text and ...

  9. Estratégias conversacionais na sátira trovadoresca galego-portuguesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ângela C. Souza Rodrigues

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to give an account of the reiterative devices (repetition of words and of similar semantic contents occurring a set of satirical songs (cantigas de escárnio and cantigas de maldizer from the medieval Galician-Portuguese song collections (cancioneiros. These song give evidence of a group of poets and singers living in close connection with the Iberian courts of the 13th century. These songs are the result of the interpersonal relationships which developed among the members of this group. That is the reason why the conversational tone present in these songs constitute one of their unmistakable characteristics.

  10. Leibniz, Cyrano, and the Other World: There is no City of God without Reason

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Rensoli Laliga

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available At the start of modernity in Europe, many works on utopia associated with remote places were written, some with profound satiric message. One of the more important works was the Travels of Cyrano de Bergerac, in which he expounded his critique of rationalist and Christian ideas from a libertinian perspective. In his fight against scepticism and relativism, Leibniz critically analyzes Cyrano’s work and other conceptions of the world and the human being in order to affirm the central role of rational solutions, because a critique that does not offer any alternative is no solution to the problems of society.

  11. The inescapable tale of tomahawk man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alice Ribeiro Gabriel

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the contemporary literary criticism The Man that was Used Up (1982, [1839] represents one of the most significant satires of Edgar Allan Poe. This burlesque suggests many references to the effects of magazine context upon literature in the first half of the nineteenth century. The aim of this study is to briefly describe the influence of Poe’s magazinist career in the field of fiction, precisely in this short story, based on the studies of J. Gerald Kennedy, Jonathan Auerbach, Leonard Cassuto and Stacey Margolis among others.

  12. U. S. Army Land Warfare Laboratory. Volume II Appendix B. Task Sheets

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-01

    Gal Drums B-164 01-M-64 Towed Glider, Mobile Aircraft Refueling System B-165 02-M-64 Flotation Gear for Army Aircraft B-166 03-M-64 Rolling Ammunition...marking and smoke screen-laying over swamps, rivers, canals and other watery areas where smoke grenades would be snuffed out upon imnersion. For maximum...small tethered floating mine which was desi•,ied to satirate selected areas of specif:c waterways. When a floating steel drum contacts a mine, magnetic

  13. Ironija i satira u dramskim djelima Maxa Frischa: Mehanizmi suočavanja s izazovima 20. stoljeća

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    Katarina Žeravica

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Irony and satire, two complex phenomena, find their respective places in the dramatic works of Max Frisch (1911–1991, a Swiss playwright and novelist and have gone through many changes gaining on different meanings, depending on the socio-cultural context, dominant literary and philosophical theories of a certain period of time in which they were analyzed and recognized as such. The aim of this paper is to show that Max Frisch, a 20th century intellectual who witnessed the major political, cultural and social changes of the second half of the 20th century in Europe and worldwide, uses irony and satire for coping with the reality and challenges of the time he lived in. Keywords: Max Frisch, dramatic work, irony, satire, 20th centuryNeutralna pozicija koju je Švicarska imala za vrijeme Drugoga svjetskog rata, a zbog koje je ostala pošteđena ratnih zbivanja te otvorenost klasičnim, ali i suvremenim europskim i svjetskim književnim te kazališnim utjecajima, stvorili su pozitivno ozračje za dobru, aktualnu i suvremenu švicarsku dramsku književnost na njemačkom jeziku nakon 1945. godine čiji predstavnik postaje jedan od najvećih švicarskih književnika, Max Frisch (1911–1991. U svojoj dugogodišnjoj književnoj karijeri Frisch je bio iznimno aktivan kao prozaist, napisavši pet romana, pet pripovijesti te četiri dnevnika, ali i kao dramatičar, ostavivši bogat dramski opus koji broji jedanaest dramskih ostvarenja napisanih između 1945. i 1978. godine. Upravo će Frischove drame biti predmetom ovoga rada, odnosno naglasak će biti na onima koje su se analizom pokazale najreprezentativnijima u cilju dokazivanja postojanja ironije i satire u istima kao mehanizmima suočavanja s izazovima koje je pred čovjeka-intelektualca stavilo 20. stoljeće, ali i kao sredstvima putem kojih Frisch progovara, kritizira i prokazuje besmisao jednog vremena kojemu je i sâm pripadao.

  14. God’s Country: The Mythic West Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnemère, Yves

    2017-01-01

    God’s Country (1994) is narrated by Curt Marder, a white cowboy whose wife, Sadie, has been kidnapped —presumably by Indians. Curt decides to hire a black scout, Bubba, to guide him through the Wild West, hoping to find Sadie. The relationship between boss and former slave is reversed as Curt turns out to be a mean simpleton, and Bubba a genuine hero in an anti-western that resorts to mock epic mechanisms to develop into a sustained satire of white Americans. Custer’s army consorts with uncou...

  15. De la sublimitat cortesa a l'efusió llibertina. L'altra cara de la «fin'amor»

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    Vicenç Beltran

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of satirical and obscene poetry, from the Galician/Portuguese and Provençal traditions to the «Cancionero de obras provocantes a risa» including Baena’s «Cancionero» and the «Cancionero General» by Hernando del Castillo. The author shows there is continuity in the use of these themes that is independent of their treatment and the rhetorical settings.The last pages are dedicated to the «Carajicomedia», the work of an author who is familiar with Valencia and perhaps with the milieu of Fenollar and company.

  16. Témoigner, dénoncer, révulser : dessins de haine, XXe-XXIe siècles Hatred Exposed and Indicted in 20th and 21st Century Cartoons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Millat

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The graphic satire label encompasses different trends in cartoon art, especially in Britain. Although the hate cartoon tradition actually represents a minority of published cartoons, it has been especially remarkable since the First World War. In various confrontational contexts, great artists feature in this tradition, ranging from Edmund Sullivan (1869-1933 to one of the leading cartoonists in the present generation, Steve Bell. This article focuses on aspects of the specific graphic rhetoric to be found in these images, and on their political impact as well as their echo in the media. The issues that cartoonists have recurringly been trying to bring up are also considered.

  17. Bibliographie 2005-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Klein

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available 1. Histoire, genres et théories littérairesAntonsen-Resch, A. Von Gnathon zu Saturio. Die Parasitenfigur und das Verhältnis der römischen Komödie zur griechischen. (Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, 74 Berlin, de Gruyter, 2005.Barchiesi, A. Centre and periphery, in S.J. Harrison (ed., The Blackwell Companion to Latin Literature, Oxford 2005, pp. 394-405.Barchiesi, A. ; Cucchiarelli, A. « The poet's body : modes of satiric self-representation », in K. Freudenburg (ed., Th...

  18. Targeted caricatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappas, Dennis G

    2009-10-01

    The original Vanity Fair was an English weekly magazine from 1868 to 1914. It offered its readers articles on fashion, current events, reviews of the theater, new books, reports on social events (and the latest scandals), and other trivia.Today, the old Vanity Fair is best known for its glorious caricature prints. Over 2,000 of these caricatures were printed, varying on at least 67 subjects. One category, doctors and scientists, presents four otolaryngologists. These four well known personalities will be presented with their satirical biographies, along with a brief historical account for each of their life after Vanity Fair.

  19. A Portrayal of Victorian Men and Women as Seen in O'neill's “the Grand Match”

    OpenAIRE

    Kurnia, Nandy Intan

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the portrayal of Victorian women and men in the poem of Moira O'Neill, entitled “The Grand Match”. The poem gives the description of men and women relationship related to the discussion of love and marriage. As one of Victorian female poets, O'Neill tries to satirize the relationship of women and men by portraying the love story of a stereotypical male fortune seeker, who marries a rich woman and denies his own feeling toward a young-charming woman. This study is an attemp...

  20. About dogs, wolves, snakes and roses: Berganza and the maske of memory of Momus

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    Alvaro Llosa Sanz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper establishes a connection between a well-known lucianesque fable and the main topic of the gossipy dog in El coloquio de los perros by Miguel de Cervantes. In the fable, the god of satire and mockery, Momus, uncovers fidelity and memory for dogs, but flattery and deception for snakes. I show how Cervantine dogs are under the sign of Momus: they are able to uncover real and hidden intentions in the heart of each human being. Berganza, exercising satyre and gossiping, unmask amazing cases of falsehood and deception–he exposes his hard life through a picaresque biographical memory, and shows us the deceptive nature of humankind.

  1. Un racconto di Donald Barthelme: “T. S. Eliot, interbase”

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    Vincenza Rosiello

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an annotated Italian translation of the pastiche “T. S. Eliot, shortstop” included in Donald Barthelme’s posthumous collection The Teachings of Don B. – Satires, Parodies, Fables, Illustrated Stories, and Plays. This short story sheds new light on the link between sport and literature, and the genesis of Thomas Stearns Eliot’s The Waste Land. Furthermore, it represents a typical example of the writing style that Thomas Pynchon, in his witty introduction, called Barthelmismo.

  2. This is Not Your Mother’s Terrorism: Social Media, Online Radicalization and the Practice of Political Jamming

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    Laura Huey

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available 'It is commonly recognized that social media presents vast new opportunities for terrorist groups seeking to radicalize audiences. However, few scholars have studied the actual mechanisms by which radicalizing messages are delivered to those audiences. Within this paper, the author explores one key aspect of the phenomenon of ‘jihadi cool’ – that is, the rendering of pro-Islamic terrorism into something hip and trendy among online audiences. Discussed is the use of political jamming: a subversive, satirical activity that draws on humor to reinforce ideological messages. The opportunity for countering these messages through the same technique is also considered.' ' '

  3. An invisible empire: on troubles in school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Bielecki

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an interpretation of “school” scenes from Gombrowicz’s Ferdydurke which was inspired by Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological method. The use of concepts such as ‘habitus’, ‘reproduction’, and ‘pedagogical authority’ allows one to see not only a satire on didactic ineptitude, but also a thorough and acute analysis of the functioning of the school as an institution in these scenes. From this perspective, the key function of school is not to teach, but to reproduce the structure of the social order and implement performative pedagogy which shapes this community’s members.

  4. America's Assembly Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David Edwin

    A social history of the assembly line, invented in 1913. Both praised as a boon to consumers and as a curse for workers, it has been satirized, imitated, and celebrated for 100 years. It has inspired fiction, comedy, cafeteria layouts, and suburban housing. It transformed industrial labor...... and provoked strikes and union drives in the 1930s, but became a symbol of victory in the Second World War and Cold War. Reinvented by Japan as "lean production" and then increasingly automated after 1990, it remains a cornerstone of production but no longer employs many workers, even as it evolves toward...

  5. “If both my sons were on the gallows, i would sing": oppression of children in Beaumont‘s the knight of the burning pestle.” “If both my sons were on the gallows, i would sing": oppression of children in Beaumont‘s the knight of the burning pestle.”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Andreson

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Critics have described various objects of satire in Francis Beaumont‘s The Knight of the Burning Pestle, cluding “boorish behaviour and the demand that the playhouse serve private preference”(with a “class bias”against the citizens, George and Nell; “chivalric romance;” “citizen success-stories;” “misunderstandings about art;” the “gallants”of the period; prodigal plays; and “a mercenary society.” Much less attention has been paid to another possible object of Beaumont‘s satire: the oppression of children and young adults by their elders, particulary their own parents. This oppression takes various forms throughout the play, including economic oppression, both bribery and deprivation of money. Although Philip J. Finkelpearl notes that “George‘s threats are the kind a burly would use on a helpless child” (25, it does not seem to have been noted that children are the object of most of the threats of violence, as well as actual violence, in the play. Critics have described various objects of satire in Francis Beaumont‘s The Knight of the Burning Pestle, cluding “boorish behaviour and the demand that the playhouse serve private preference”(with a “class bias”against the citizens, George and Nell; “chivalric romance;” “citizen success-stories;” “misunderstandings about art;” the “gallants”of the period; prodigal plays; and “a mercenary society.” Much less attention has been paid to another possible object of Beaumont‘s satire: the oppression of children and young adults by their elders, particulary their own parents. This oppression takes various forms throughout the play, including economic oppression, both bribery and deprivation of money. Although Philip J. Finkelpearl notes that “George‘s threats are the kind a burly would use on a helpless child” (25, it does not seem to have been noted that children are the object of most of the threats of violence, as well as

  6. Heteroglossia and Discoursive Traditions: the Burlesque Style in Barco Centenera’s Epic Poem Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Eugenia Ortiz Gambetta

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the burlesque style in Martin del Barco Centenera’s epic poem Argentina y conquista del Río de la Plata. In the first place, the notion of «discoursive traditions» is treated to give a wide framing to the text. Then, the concept of heteroglossia is analyzed and commented its use in the poem, regarding the use of anecdotes and three burlesque resources: irony, satire and grotesque. All these features enjoy the poem´s didactic style and intention of the work,...

  7. ”Elveland” – Irony and Laughter as Power Media in Sea Sámi Folk-Song Tradition

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    Lill Tove Fredriksen

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is a literary analysis of the satirical Sámi folk-song ”Elveland”. The song about about the road man, forester and river attendant Elveland on the west side of the municipality of Porsanger was made in the beginning of the 1900s, as a form of revenge on the part of the local community because he would not let them cut as much firewood as they needed. With irony as an important device, the text serves as a meeting point for dialogues between different voices, and where power relations and the political nature of cultural identity is revealed.

  8. Gênero em desafio: das trobairitz provençais às repentistas nordestinas

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana Eleonora de Freitas Calado Deplagne

    2010-01-01

    This article spaeks of the poetics of the oral tradition sung by women during the Middle Ages and in nowadays Northeast Brazil. Thus, we try to identify the dialogue between the matches of women repentistas and the dialogued medieval songs – the tensons of the provençal trobairitz and the satirical verses of the women poets from the Al-andalus. The proximity is due not only in the formal level, but also in the thematic, specially in the gendered debate over these female production.

  9. Gênero em desafio: das trobairitz provençais às repentistas nordestinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Eleonora de Freitas Calado Deplagne

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article spaeks of the poetics of the oral tradition sung by women during the Middle Ages and in nowadays Northeast Brazil. Thus, we try to identify the dialogue between the matches of women repentistas and the dialogued medieval songs – the tensons of the provençal trobairitz and the satirical verses of the women poets from the Al-andalus. The proximity is due not only in the formal level, but also in the thematic, specially in the gendered debate over these female production.

  10. Film som forteller: Fight Club som litterær adapsjon

    OpenAIRE

    Hustad, Jonas Langset

    2014-01-01

    På papiret virker Fight Club [1999] som et sikkert stikk. En litterær adapsjon utført av en kjent regissør (David Fincher) med solide stjernenavn på plakaten(Brad Pitt, Edward Norton). Men Chuck Palahniuks debutroman fra 1996 er et vanskelig verk, preget av mørk satire, flere lag med ironi og radikal subjektivitet. For å oversette en slik fortelling til film trengs ikke bare dristigheten til å fortelle om kontroversielle tema, men også oppfinnsomheten til å oversette en utpreget psykologisk r...

  11. Editorial for Journal of Human Security Volume 11

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    Sabina Lautensach

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This editorial marks the beginning of the journal's eleventh year since its inception as the Australasian Journal of Human Security. As a sample from an ex­tremely tumultuous era in human history, this time span has consistently provided an abundance of human security issues for me to comment on. Yet, for the first time since that fateful day in September of 2001, I feel that the world has arrived at another historical turning point. I am referring to the attack on the Paris office of the satirical journal Charlie Hebdo on January 7 and the events immediately following it.

  12. La leadership politica in Italia alla luce della tradizione comica nazionale

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Pia Pozzato

    2014-01-01

    Political leadership in Italy in the light of the national comical traditionThis essay deals with humour and satire in politics. The issue of humour is contextualized within a wider cultural phenomenon called ‘show civilisation’ or ‘schermopolis’, i.e. the pervasiveness of screens in our everyday life. In doing so I will consider the role of new media and social networks in fostering the use of humour in political discourse. Next I will try to find a new framework for forms of popularity in p...

  13. Alexander, Hannibal, and Scipio in Lucian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Baldwin

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Not much has been written about this particular Dialogue of the Dead. What there is, apart from noting the obvious fact of it being a comic syncrisis, concentrates on the role of Scipio and Lucian's alleged historical errors throughout the piece. But there is much more to be said about correlation of satire and history in the piece. And the supposed historical errors melt away upon examination. This paper also encompasses two new topics: a general review of the dialogue and its theme in terms of both genre and topicality, and some possible internal evidence for redating it to a later period than has hitherto been done.

  14. الهجاء سلاح الشعراء العباسيين في معاركهم الشعرية

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    ثائر سمير حسن الشمري

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available There was a lot of written poems a bout satiric poems in which poets tend to refuse other poets, but this sort of writing didn't reach a state of contradiction. Thus, in this research, the researcher studied the meaning of this type of poems regardless of the reaction that emerged from some of the Abbasid poets, due to its rarity to the extent that it cannot be considered as a considerable phenomenon to be depended on in this research

  15. Separating Facts from Fiction: Linguistic Models to Classify Suspicious and Trusted News Posts on Twitter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volkova, Svitlana; Shaffer, Kyle J.; Jang, Jin Yea; Hodas, Nathan O.

    2017-07-30

    Pew research polls report 62 percent of U.S. adults get news on social media (Gottfried and Shearer, 2016). In a December poll, 64 percent of U.S. adults said that “made-up news” has caused a “great deal of confusion” about the facts of current events (Barthel et al., 2016). Fabricated stories spread in social media, ranging from deliberate propaganda to hoaxes and satire, contributes to this confusion in addition to having serious effects on global stability. In this work we build predictive models to classify 130 thousand news tweets as suspicious or verified, and predict four subtypes of suspicious news – satire, hoaxes, clickbait and propaganda. We demonstrate that neural network models trained on tweet content and social network interactions outperform lexical models. Unlike previous work on deception detection, we find that adding syntax and grammar features to our models decreases performance. Incorporating linguistic features, including bias and subjectivity, improves classification results, however social interaction features are most informative for finer-grained separation between our four types of suspicious news posts.

  16. George Orwell's Animal Farm: A metonym for a dictatorship

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    H. Sewlall

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell’s Animal Farm is traditionally read as a satire on dictatorships in general, and the Bolshevik Revolution in particular. This article postulates the notion that the schema of the book has attained the force of metonymy to such an extent that whenever one alludes to the title of the book or some lines from it, one conjures up images associated with a dictatorship. The title of the book has become a part of the conceptual political lexicon of the English language to refer to the corruption of a utopian ideology. As an ideological state, Animal Farm has its vision, which is embedded in its constitution; it has the vote, a national anthem and a flag. It even has its patriots, double-dealers, social engineers and lechers. In this way the title Animal Farm, like Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, or Thomas More’s Utopia, functions metonymically to map a conceptual framework which matches the coordinates of the book. The article concludes with a look at contemporary society to show how Orwell’s satire endorses the words of Lord Acton, namely, that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

  17. Revising Stanley’s footsteps: encountering the ‘other’ in Darkest England (1996 by Christopher Hope

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    H. Roos

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available As has now become a familiar image in Hope’s writings, once again ttie idea of looking at a society from the position of an outsider and an exile forms the central theme of Darkest England (1996. In this satirical novel, the tradition of nineteenth-century travel writings set in a colonial context is reversed, undermined, and then remarkably recreated to portray the present-day manifestation of encounters and relations between (black Africa and the (white West. Presenting the (fictional journals of a Khoisan leader, David Mungo Booi, within a dynamic frame of reference to classical colonial texts by, among others, Livingstone and Stanley. Hope writes a new travel report. This essay discusses how, by the reversal of point of view, a change in time and space, and creating a satirical mood, the colonizer and the colonized are interchanged and the original texts are evoked to be rewritten. The notions of Self/Other, colonial /(post-colonial and primitive/civilized are placed in new and disturbing contexts, adding to the complex structure of this fascinating text.

  18. The Genealogy of an Image, or, What Does Literature (Not Have To Do with the History of Computing? : Tracing the Sources and Reception of Gulliver’s “Knowledge Engine”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannah Rodgers

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The illustration of the “knowledge engine” included in early editions of Gulliver’s Travels is an engraving of a sketch from the notebook of Lemuel Gulliver. In other words, it is a purely fictional object. Yet, Swift's fictional invention and its graphic representations have become part of the documented historical lineage of computing machines. Furthermore, one of Swift’s purposes for inventing the “knowledge engine” was to satirize the scientific and technical cultures that now claim it as part of their history. As one piece of the elaborate discursive and material code of Gulliver’s Travels, “the knowledge engine,” its sources, and its reception offer some unique insights into the relationships that exist amongst factual and fictional narratives, scientific and humanistic discourse, words and images, and print and digital technologies. Although numerous scientific and philosophical texts have been cited as possible sources informing Swift’s satirical invention, this article considers a lesser known one, John Peter’s 1677 pamphlet Artificial Versifying, or the Schoolboy’s Recreation, which is itself a print-based textual machine for generating lines of Latin hexameter verse.

  19. El Grito de Irreverencia del Gil Blas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryluz Vallejo M.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available After the political rancor left by the XIX century country’s civil wars, especially by the One-Thousand-Days War, the “Reyista Press” was born. This press was President Rafael Reyes’s incense burner and an opposition instrument to the ‘Quinquenio regime’ characterized by a satiric, incendiary and polemic tone, which, at the same time, was the continuation of a rich tradition. Once the ‘Quinquenio regime’ was overthrown, three political forces gain momentum within the Liberal Press: The Republican Press–that supported the presidential nomination of journalist Carlos E. Restrepo–with Alfonso Villegas Restrepo, Eduardo and Enrique Santos Montejo, Enrique Olaya Herrera and the Cano family; the ‘Bloquista’ Press, lead by General Rafael Uribe Uribe; and the Opposite Press with Benjamín Palacio Uribe, founder of Gil Blas newspaper in 1910. Due to its investigative spirit, Gil Blas newspaper served as an inspiration for Colombian contemporary journalism of the Bicentennial. With this satirical poster, the saints of the Republican Press fell off their shelves in this so-called ‘Indigenous Athens.’

  20. El papa Urbano II y el origen de la Garcineida

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    González García, Alberto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to re-examine the most recent scholarly work on the eleventh-century Latin satire known as Garcineida, in order to determine its origin, authorship and credibility. The analysis of this work, as well as other primary and secondary sources, leads us to two interesting conclusions. First, we reject the theory of a German original, and we suggest the plausibility of a Spanish-Cluniac origin. In second place, the existence of facts that contradict the image of Urban II as a faultless reformer is outlined. They allow to verify that, despite its virulence, the aforesaid satire was based on reality.Este trabajo pretende revisar las más recientes investigaciones académicas sobre la sátira latina del siglo XI llamada Garcineida, a fin de determinar su origen, autoría y credibilidad. El análisis de esta obra, así como de otras fuentes primarias y secundarias, nos lleva a dos interesantes conclusiones. Primero, a rechazar la teoría de un origen alemán y apreciar lo plausible de un origen hispánico cluniacense. En segundo lugar, planteamos la existencia de hechos que contrarían la imagen de Urbano II como un reformador inmaculado y permiten constatar que, a pesar de su virulencia, la susodicha sátira se basaba en una realidad.

  1. Solar Rotational Modulations of Spectral Irradiance and Correlations with the Variability of Total Solar Irradiance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae N.; Cahalan, Robert F.; Wu, Dong L.

    2016-01-01

    Aims: We characterize the solar rotational modulations of spectral solar irradiance (SSI) and compare them with the corresponding changes of total solar irradiance (TSI). Solar rotational modulations of TSI and SSI at wavelengths between 120 and 1600 nm are identified over one hundred Carrington rotational cycles during 2003-2013. Methods: The SORCE (Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment) and TIMED (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics)/SEE (Solar EUV Experiment) measured and SATIRE-S modeled solar irradiances are analyzed using the EEMD (Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition) method to determine the phase and amplitude of 27-day solar rotational variation in TSI and SSI. Results: The mode decomposition clearly identifies 27-day solar rotational variations in SSI between 120 and 1600 nm, and there is a robust wavelength dependence in the phase of the rotational mode relative to that of TSI. The rotational modes of visible (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) are in phase with the mode of TSI, but the phase of the rotational mode of ultraviolet (UV) exhibits differences from that of TSI. While it is questionable that the VIS to NIR portion of the solar spectrum has yet been observed with sufficient accuracy and precision to determine the 11-year solar cycle variations, the temporal variations over one hundred cycles of 27-day solar rotation, independent of the two solar cycles in which they are embedded, show distinct solar rotational modulations at each wavelength.

  2. FIGURES OF SPEECH MINANGKABAU LOCALITY IN CARITO MINANG KINI BY HAKIMAH RAHMAH S. IN PADANG EKSPRES

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    Hasnul Fikri

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to describe the locality style of Minangkabau in anecdotal texts “Carito Minang Kini: Barinam jo Rosalina” by Hakimah Rahmah S. in Padang Ekspres (CMK: BJR, which includes rhetoric devices and figures of speech. The type of research is qualitative descriptive which applied content analysis method. The research data are words, phrases, clauses, or sentences that can be formulated as a locality style of Minangkabau. The data source of this research is anecdotal texts in CMK: BJR issued in January and February 2016 consisting of eight issues. The data analysis was conducted by: (1 classifying the locality style of Minangkabau found in a rhetorical assertion and figures of speech based on the theory, (2 analyzing the style according to the subcategory of rhetoric devices and figures of speech of Minangkabau locality style, (3 interpreting the trends of locality style of Minangkabau in texts CMK: BJR, and (4 concluding the study. The findings show that in the texts CMK: BJR there are: (1 the locality rhetoric devices which consist of: (a confirmation in the form of climax, redundancy, and hyperbole and (b disputes in the form of an antithesis; (2 the locality figures of speech that consist of (a a comparison in the form of metaphor and allusion, and (b satire in the form of sarcasm, cynicism and irony. Among the styles that were found, the dominant locality rhetoric device is affirmation in the form of hyperbole and the dominant figurative language style is satire in the form of sarcasm.

  3. Sarah: The Historiographer of the Past and the Present of the French Lieutenant’s Woman

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    Fariba Noorbakhsh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article argues that Sarah, the title character of Fowles’ novel The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1969, resists the oppressive ideology of her time by writing her own historiography. In the process, not only does she emplot a tragic past for herself but she also insists on being identified as a depraved woman in the present. The analysis attempts to highlight the fact that Sarah, like a historiographer, selects the referents for her historiography—Mrs. Poulteney and Charles—and imposes her emplotment and prefiguration on her historiography of both her past and present. Employing Hayden White’s theories of postmodern historiography and Linda Hutcheon’s concept of historiographic metafiction, the paper illustrates ways in which Sarah historicizes her own past through tragic emplotment and metaphoric prefiguration of her narrative in order to convey her anarchist ideology, at the same time portraying herself as the “Woman” who has been abandoned by the French Lieutenant. Furthermore, by means of her historiography of the present, she imposes her liberal ideology through satiric emplotment of her fictional construct and ironic prefiguration of the referents of textualized oppression in society. She ironically puts Mrs. Poulteney and Charles in the situations in which their oppressive ideology is unraveled; in this way, she satirizes the codes of behavior of her present time.

  4. MENGURAI KEBINGUNGAN (REFLEKSI TERHADAP KESEMRAWUTAN KONSEP DAKWAH ISLAM DI INDONESIA

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    Kholil Lur Rochman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available There are two main problems destroying and paralyzing the existence of da’wah in the present time. The first is the weakness of epistemological study that makes dak’wah is meant as just a routine, temporal, and instant activity, which is strengthened with the doctrine that performing da’wah activity is God’s order. The second is the dominant interpretation that da’wah is an oral communication that flowered with jokes and satires. For that reason, there are some steps to be appropriately done to give a new direction in reconstructing da’wah (Islamic preaching in Indonesia. The steps are: 1 to change exclusive discourse of religiosity to an inclusive one; 2 the admission of plurality in religion; 3 actualizing empowerment da’wah; and 4 inter-religion dialogues, as an orientation of future da’wah.   Ada dua masalah dasar yang menggerogoti dan melumpuhkan eksistensi dakwah dewasa ini yaitu lemahnya kajian epistemologi sehingga dakwah hanya dimaknai sebagai rutinitas, temporal dan instan yang dikuatkan dengan argumen bahwa berdakwah adalah perintah Tuhan dan dominasi pemahaman bahwa dakwah adalah oral comunication yang mementingkan banyolanbanyolan garing dan satir. Untuk itu, ada beberapa langkah yang harus digarap secara tepat untuk memberikan arah baru dalam melakukan proses rekonstruksi dakwah Islam di Indonesia. Langkah tersebut adalah pertama, mengubah wacana eksklusif tentang cara keberagamaan menuju wacana inklusif, kedua, pengakuan adanya pluralitas dalam beragama, ketiga, membumikan dakwah pemberdayaan, dan yang keempat, adalah upaya dialog antar agama, sebagai orientasi dakwah masa depan.

  5. LAS ANDANZAS DE JUAN RAFAEL ALLENDE POR LA CIUDAD DE LOS ‘PALACIOS MARMÓREOS’ Y LAS CAZUELAS DELEITOSAS. SANTIAGO DE CHILE, 1880-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Palma Alvarado

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. El artículo presenta un capítulo de la historia social y urbana de Santiago de Chile, en un período durante el cual la ciudad asistió a profundos cambios que modificaron el viejo trazado colonial y las relaciones sociales entre sus habitantes. Por medio de la aguda pluma del escritor satírico Juan Rafael Allende, descubrimos las insuficiencias del proceso de urbanización, los nuevos personajes que se dieron cita en las calles y plazas, y las variadas diversiones que animaban la vida cotidiana de los capitalinos. Palabras clave: Santiago de Chile, Juan Rafael Allende, prensa satírica, historia urbana ABSTRACT. This article deals with a chapter of the social and urban history of Santiago de Chile, throughout a period in which the city was subject of deep changes that modified its colonial setting and long lasting social relationships. Following the sharpness of the satiric writer Juan Rafael Allende, we look to the insuficiencies of the urbanizing process, the new characters ocupying the city’s squares and streets, as well as the multiple entertainments animating the everyday life of its inhabitants. Key words: Santiago de Chile, Juan Rafael Allende, satiric press, urban history

  6. Traiano Boccalini: la ragion di stato tra satira e sinceritas. Quale accettabilità per Machiavelli ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Ciccarelli

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Les Advis de Parnasse (Venise 1612-1613 de Traiano Boccalini est une œuvre satirique dans laquelle l’auteur critique avec un langage allégorique les racines machiavéliques de l’impérialisme de Filippo II soutenues par la papauté de la Contre-réforme. Estimateur d’Érasme et de l’irénisme catholique né pendant la Réforme protestante, Boccalini met en scène, dans l’utopique ville-état fondée sur le Mont Parnasse, un dialogue intense entre les différentes âmes qui composaient la République littéraire pour revendiquer la reconstitution de la politique sur des bases éthique. Bien que les Advis s’inspirent à la satire de Lucien de Samosate pour traiter le problème actuel, les Observations sur différentes œuvres de Cornélius Tacite naissaient comme un traité politique traditionnel où analyser la meilleure forme de gouvernement. Pour Boccalini la République de Venise était le modèle parfait d’État, capable de s’insérer dans la tradition de l’antimachiavellisme vénitien. Son attention vers la dimension éthique de la politique fait de lui un des plus grand critique des lettrés qui écrivaient sur la raison d’état. Les codes de conduite énoncés dans leur travail sont révélés par la satire boccalinienne comme étant la cause des pratiques hypocrites des souverains, la dominante corruption morale de la société moderne et l’aveuglement du peuple, incapable de saisir les principes sur lesquels le mal a été créé pour obéir au pouvoir politique.The ‘News-sheets of Parnassus’ (Venice 1612-1613 by Traiano Boccalini are a political satire in which the author criticizes in allegorical language the Machievellian origins of the Imperialism of Philip II supported by the Counter Reformation papacy. As an admirer of Erasmus and the Catholic irenics born of the Protestant Reformation, Boccalini stages, in a Utopian city state founded on Mount Parnassus, an intense dialogue between the various souls

  7. Phoebus volentem proelia me loqui: The Apollo of Callimachus in Horace

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    Kristina Tomc

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The Augustan poets often modelled their recusationes on Callimachus’ portrayal of Apollo in theAetiaPrologue. The paper discusses parallel passages in Horace’s oeuvre, illustrating some typical characteristics of Horace’s poetry and of his attitude to his poetic models. After a brief introduction, the paper first touches on three poems by Horace where the role of Callimachus’ Apollo is taken over by another deity: the Muse in C. 1.6.10-12, Venus in C. 1.19.9-12, and adeus (presumably Cupid in Epod. 14.6-8. The three examples display similarities to, rather than identity with, the Callimachean situation: instead of supplying a direct quote, Horace merely reports the words of a ῾higher power’ which allegedly prevented him from writing what he wanted or what was expected of him. In the two Odes Horace thus refuses to compose an epic, while Epode 14 is not a typical recusatio: Horace’s polished iambics paradoxically profess his inability to compose iambic poetry, and his preference for erotic lyric poetry. The next section focuses on Satire 1.10.31-35, which portrays the Roman god Quirinus warning the young poet in a dream that writing Greek verse is pointless. An analysis of this complex programmatic satire reveals continual departures from, and approximations to, Callimachean poetic, as Horace interweaves several, at times clearly irreconcilable, traditions. Indeed, Callimachean poetic itself is not unequivocal or monolithic but contains many tensions.  The short fourth section discusses Horace’s prayer to Mercury in Satire 2.6.13-15. Although superficially lacking a ῾programmatic’ dimension, the satire in fact contains several allusions to Callimachus. It serves to show that Horace’s images function at several levels at once, and that his satires closely interweave ethics with aesthetics. The final and longest section focuses on Horace’s last poem, C. 4.15. In the first strophe, Horace is finally given

  8. Cannabinoid receptors in invertebrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPartland, J M; Agraval, J; Gleeson, D; Heasman, K; Glass, M

    2006-03-01

    Two cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, are expressed in mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. The presence of cannabinoid receptors in invertebrates has been controversial, due to conflicting evidence. We conducted a systematic review of the literature, using expanded search parameters. Evidence presented in the literature varied in validity, ranging from crude in vivo behavioural assays to robust in silico ortholog discovery. No research existed for several clades of invertebrates; we therefore tested for cannabinoid receptors in seven representative species, using tritiated ligand binding assays with [3H]CP55,940 displaced by the CB1-selective antagonist SR141716A. Specific binding of [3H]CP55,940 was found in neural membranes of Ciona intestinalis (Deuterstoma, a positive control), Lumbricusterrestris (Lophotrochozoa), and three ecdysozoans: Peripatoides novae-zealandiae (Onychophora), Jasus edwardi (Crustacea) and Panagrellus redivivus (Nematoda); the potency of displacement by SR141716A was comparable to measurements on rat cerebellum. No specific binding was observed in Actinothoe albocincta (Cnidaria) or Tethya aurantium (Porifera). The phylogenetic distribution of cannabinoid receptors may address taxonomic questions; previous studies suggested that the loss of CB1 was a synapomorphy shared by ecdysozoans. Our discovery of cannabinoid receptors in some nematodes, onychophorans, and crustaceans does not contradict the Ecdysozoa hypothesis, but gives it no support. We hypothesize that cannabinoid receptors evolved in the last common ancestor of bilaterians, with secondary loss occurring in insects and other clades. Conflicting data regarding Cnidarians precludes hypotheses regarding the last common ancestor of eumetazoans. No cannabinoid receptors are expressed in sponges, which probably diverged before the origin of the eumetazoan ancestor.

  9. An educational review of cartilage repair: precepts & practice--myths & misconceptions--progress & prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunziker, E B; Lippuner, K; Keel, M J B; Shintani, N

    2015-03-01

    The repair of cartilaginous lesions within synovial joints is still an unresolved and weighty clinical problem. Although research activity in this area has been indefatigably sustained, no significant progress has been made during the past decade. The aim of this educational review is to heighten the awareness amongst students and scientists of the basic issues that must be tackled and resolved before we can hope to escape from the whirlpool of stagnation into which we have fallen: cartilage repair redivivus! Articular-cartilage lesions may be induced traumatically (e.g., by sports injuries and occupational accidents) or pathologically during the course of a degenerative disease (e.g., osteoarthritis). This review addresses the biological basis of cartilage repair and surveys current trends in treatment strategies, focussing on those that are most widely adopted by orthopaedic surgeons [viz., abrasive chondroplasty, microfracturing/microdrilling, osteochondral grafting and autologous-chondrocyte implantation (ACI)]. Also described are current research activities in the field of cartilage-tissue engineering, which, as a therapeutic principle, holds more promise for success than any other experimental approach. Tissue engineering aims to reconstitute a tissue both structurally and functionally. This process can be conducted entirely in vitro, initially in vitro and then in vivo (in situ), or entirely in vivo. Three key constituents usually form the building blocks of such an approach: a matrix scaffold, cells, and signalling molecules. Of the proposed approaches, none have yet advanced beyond the phase of experimental development to the level of clinical induction. The hurdles that need to be surmounted for ultimate success are discussed. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  10. On birds, ascetics, and kings in Central Java R?m?yana Kakawin, 24.95–126 and 25

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    Andrea Acri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of the paper I introduce stanzas 95-126 of Sarga 24 and the whole of Sarga 25 of the Old Javanese R?m?ya?a, which present the most difficult and least understood pieces of poetry in the whole of Old Javanese literature. The two sections, displaying a close relationship between each other on account of several shared lexical items and corresponding motifs, describe in allegorical terms animals, birds and plants in order to satirically represent ascetic and political characters of mid-9th century Central Java. Because of their idiosyncratic language and style, and because of their allegorical content which find no correspondences in the Bha??ik?vya or other Sanskrit versions of the R?m?ya?a, they have been for long regarded as a ‘corpus alienum’ in the poem. The thesis of interpolation was criticized by Hooykaas (1958a/b/c, who, however, did not rule out the possibility of their having been composed by a ‘second hand’. Having tried to distinguish the various textual layers that characterize those sections, I turn to analyse their contents along the lines set out in the masterful article by Aichele (1969 ‘Vergessene Metaphern als Kriterien der Datierung des altjavanischen R?m?ya?a’, discussing the allegories depicted there in comparison with the contemporary ?iwag?ha metrical inscription. By taking into account additional Old Javanese textual and visual documents, I suggest a fine-tuning for some of the identifications advanced by the German scholar. In particular, I argue that the character of Wibh??a?a (instead of Lak?ma?a, as argued by Aichele in the poem could allegorically represent King Rakai Kayuwa?i, and that the satirical descriptions of various kinds of water-birds of the heron family deceiving the freshwater fishes are to be taken as a critique directed to historical figures representing covert agents of the ?ailendra prince B?laputra disguised as ?aiva (and not Buddhist ascetics. My conclusion is that the

  11. Tradizione eroica e tradizione eroicomica nei Paralipomeni di Leopardi. Saggio di raffronti / Heroic and mock-epic tradition in the Paralipomeni by Leopardi. Some comparisons

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    Andrea Penso

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nell’ultimo periodo della sua vita, Leopardi diede una svolta al modo di intendere la propria arte poetica, che a partire dal 1830 si fa più aggressiva e battagliera, pronta finalmente a un più attivo incontro-scontro con il presente. Con l’abbandono di Recanati si apre dunque per il poeta una stagione nuova, quella (soprattutto satirica, molto differente da ogni altra sua esperienza precedente. Il frutto più particolare del "nuovo" corso leopardiano è costituito senza dubbio dai Paralipomeni della Batracomiomachia, il poemetto eroicomico che costituisce il coronamento della stagione comico-satirica del recanatese. Vero e proprio unicum nel panorama della produzione del poeta, questo libro terribile è nutrito da molteplici sensibilità letterarie e ascendenti più o meno scoperti. Il presente contributo punta dunque a indagare soprattutto quali sono stati per Leopardi i precedenti e i modelli che più hanno avuto influenza nel suo avvicinarsi al genere eroicomico, e attraverso quali strategie comunicative e modalità espressive ne abbia compiuto la rielaborazione e il superamento, allo scopo di servirsene per le sue peculiari esigenze satiriche, mettendo le suggestioni della tradizione al servizio della propria sferzante, e in vari sensi "nuova", ironia. In the last period of his life, Leopardi gave a twist to his way to make poetry, which became more aggressive and combative since 1830, ready to a more active clash with the present. With the abandonment of Recanati, a new season for the poet began: the (mostly satirical one, very different from any other previous experience. The most important result of Leopardi's 'new' course is indisputably the Paralipomeni della Batracomiomachia, the mock-epic poem which is the masterpiece of Leopardi's satirical poetry. A real unicum in Leopardi's production, this book is fed by multiple literary influences and sources, more or less discovered. This paper therefore aims to investigate which were

  12. Mizoginija, mizandrija, satira : bilješke uz tri pjesme iz starije hrvatske književnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Plejić Poje, Lahorka

    2008-01-01

    U članku se proučavaju tri satirične pjesme: dvije koje iz pozicije muškoga kazivača napadaju žene i jedna u kojoj se ženskim glasom napadaju muškarci. Propituju se strategije napada u sve tri pjesme i njihova unutartekstna uvjerljivost. Pjesme se pokušavaju omjeriti o uvriježene definicije satire, pri čemu se pokazuje da su uvriježene definicije upitne i da ne odgovaraju na pitanja koja satirični tekstovi otvaraju. Naime, pjesme protiv žena niti žele niti mogu uputiti na poroke i grijehe žen...

  13. The (reshaping of South Park's humor through literary references

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    Pajović Stefan P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the complex relationship between a lauded American animated sitcom South Park on the one side, and literature, especially satire, on the other side. Upon asserting the bond between literature and popular culture, numerous references presented in the show are pointed out, namely the stance the authors take on literature and the act of reading, the types and subtypes of humor exhibited, and topicality. Finally, using the writing of Mikhail Bakhtin, South Park itself is treated as literature as its type of humor is a continuation of an age-old literary tradition of laughter. The conclusion asserts this as it is revealed that South Park owes much of its popularity to the literary aspect of the humor exhibited in the show.

  14. George Orwell and 1984: a personal view

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    ALFREDO SANDOVAL GÓMEZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell´s 1984 is considered a great negative utopia, in the sense it depicts the nightmare of what life might become in an oligarchic collectivism pursued to its logical conclusion. Under a social setup which is nothing but totalitarian barbarism, eternal warfare is the price one pays for an elusive peace. The Party with capital P keeps a total control over all of man´s actions as well as thoughts . The novel is a great satire and it attempts to diagnose man´s alienation in all its aspects, but with special emphasis on the social organization recommended by Marx and practiced by Stalin.  

  15. “She writes like a Woman”: Paratextual Marketing in Delarivier Manley’s Early Career

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    Kate Ozment

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Delarivier Manley has long been discussed as a sensational and successful Tory political satirist of the early eighteenth century. In the late seventeenth century, however, she associated with Whigs, experimented with genres, and tested different techniques for marketing her texts. Mimicking the methods of celebrity actresses, Manley used paratextual addresses to engage public interest in a carefully curated identity, creating a commodity in her persona that she would employ throughout her career. This paper traces her developing persona in her first three publications: Letters Writen by Mrs. Manley, The Lost Lover, and The Royal Mischief. Although these texts are not explicitly political satire, they nevertheless explicate the preliminary and halting machinations of an astute businesswoman and the marketing tactics Manley would employ throughout her career. The result is a more complete and nuanced picture of Manley’s commercial authorship.

  16. "One can't shake off the women": images of sport and gender in Punch, 1901-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constanzo, Marilyn

    2002-01-01

    Examining the manner in which the popular press portrayed middle-class Edwardian women's activity in sport provides insight into the social liberation of English women. The popular middle-class British journal Punch included thousands of images of sportswomen. Despite the misogynistic satirizing of inept women, Punch's cartoons and articles depict distinct changes in women's behavior and social expectations that are linked to their increasing involvement in sport. By engaging in sport, women unconsciously challenged and permanently altered the pervasive middle-class Victorian ideology. The contents of Punch suggests that middle-class women's participation in sport, though perhaps begun in a conservative manner, completely altered and expanded their social role and changed the traditional image of womanhood.

  17. Scientific discourse in the works of Edgar Allan Poe

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    Ferrús Vicente, Joan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The birth of science fiction takes place along the 19th century, following the progressive settlement of scientific discourse. This allows the development of the novum, a concept established by Suvin. According to this concept, those elements alien to the expectations of reality shared by writer and reader are validated by the scientific discourse, and therefore become plausible. Even though Edgar Allan Poe uses certain motives that will afterwards configure science fiction, his distrust for scientific discourse does not allow us to consider him a pioneer in the genre. In his texts he proposes a synthesis between Reason and Imagination inspired by Pascal, and recurrently satirizes the gullibility of those that accept as true any event that poorly resembles scientism.

  18. The modern and the contemporary: dialogic relations between Poe and Vilela

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    Londina da Cunha Pereira de Almeida

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Starting from Bakhtin’s notion that a speech meets another and both participate in a lively and tense interaction, current paper observes and describes the existing dialogical relationship between the short stories Nunca aposte sua cabeça com o diabo ― conto moral, by Edgar Allan Poe, and A cabeça, by Luiz Vilela, a tale in the eponymous work. Since the two texts are foregrounded on satire, such perspective is investigated in each short story and the coinciding and distancing factors are pinpointed. The theoretical framework by Mikhail Bakhtin in his Estética da criação verbal and Problemas da poética de Dostoiévski is employed. Poe’s aim, representing the modern short story, is disrupted and subverted by Luiz Vilela who sets up a new way to narrate the short story.

  19. Poe and the Modern Grotesque

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    Roas, David

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The grotesque is an aesthetic category that combines humour and the horrific (in its very different meanings. From its first carnivalesque manifestation, in which laughter had a very clear festive hue, the grotesque has been evolving towards positions where, without losing its humorous dimension, the sinister, macabre, and even horrific components gain presence. Some of Edgar Allan Poe’s tales offer us an interesting embodiment of the Modern vision of the grotesque, through different objectives and forms, ranging from parody and satire to the most absurd and delirious manifestation of this category. The present analysis and commentary will also pull these tales away from the sphere of the fantastic, where some critics have wrongly placed them.

  20. Peire Vidal, “Bon’aventura don Dieus als Pizas” (BdT 364.14

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    Marco Grimaldi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The poem examined here, probably composed in Italy, is mainly known for its historical interest and as a satire of the Germans. In “Bon’aventura”, in fact, Peire Vidal seems to be siding openly with the Marquis Boniface I of Monferrato and the Lombard communes, that were at war with the Emperor Henry IV, who had invaded Italy at the end of 1194. This paper, which reproduces Avalle’s edition and basically confirms the usual date between autumn 1194 and April 1195, will discuss the precise relationship between poetry and politics in Peire Vidal’s work through an analysis of the song’s value as a document in relation to contemporary sources. Thus it will examine the troubadour’s attitude to the events of his day and attempt to outline a fluid and ‘regional’ political loyalty which the poet from Toulouse shares with his contemporaries.

  1. The dialectics of media representation. Je Suis Charlie as fetishization of an image

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    Sorin PETROF

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo satirical magazine on January 7, 2015, lead to a swift response from media conglomerates in the form of powerful images and narratives that sought to preserve the official mythology and to reverse the effects of the violent terrorist communication. In the dialectics of media representations, the texts are transformed into images and images into icons. We are referring here to the highlighting of the Je suis Charlie theme as a particular image that was used as a rallying cry. Analysing the production of symbolic forms, especially in the international media representation with a special accent on headlines and visual and textual images we come to the conclusion that Je suis Charlie slogan suffered an ideological transformation, the image becoming a fetish. Hence, we have spoted an iconoclastic reaction from some international media outlets that were suggesting the need for an ambivalent narrative, avoiding an absolute, frozen meaning.

  2. WOMAN’S REFLECTION IN SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS

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    Ramona CHIRIBUŢĂ

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Shakespeare’s paired portraits of a beautiful, unattainable young man and a dark, promiscuous woman can easily be read as expressions of the deepest misogyny. But it is worth remembering that the Petrarchan tradition he challenged was also consistent with misogyny. Petrarch himself had written misogynist satires on women, and the objectified, ideal lady of the Petrarchan sonnet tradition stood as an implicit rebuke to the human imperfection of women as they actually were. The Petrarchan lady modelled the features that constituted a beautiful woman – in life as well as in art. Petrarch’s figuration of Laura’ played a crucial role in the development of a code of beauty... that causes us to view the fetish zed body as a norm and encourages us to seek, or to seek to be, ideal types, beautiful monsters composed of every individual perfection.

  3. Post What? The Liminality of Multi-Racial Identity

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    Danielle Fuentes Morgan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article, “Post What? The Liminality of Multi-Racial Identity,” argues that the successes and failures of 21st-century satire reveal the myth of post-raciality while simultaneously dismissing racial essentialism. I focus on three critical moments: the commercial success of Mat Johnson’s Loving Day, a text and forthcoming television show that examines the shifting self-identities of mixed-race individuals; the inability of a potential love interest on the television series, Louie, to accept a black woman as the ex-wife of the titular protagonist’s phenotypically white daughters; and Barack Obama’s self-designation as “black” on the census shortly after his election. I argue that the widespread reach of these instances, coupled with audience engagement and response, underscores the ways that the public realm frames a contemporary understanding of race as both meaningful and absurd.

  4. A Comparative Study of Transference of Humor in Translations of “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain

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    Rezvan Barzegar Hossieni

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Translation is a difficult and complex task. Some elements such as linguistic and socio-cultural differences in two languages make it difficult to choose an appropriate equivalent; the equivalent which has the same effect in the target language. In the present study, one of the richest sources of the humor and satire is investigated. Humor is completely obvious in “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain. He tried to laugh at social and cultural problems of his time by this novel. Two translations of this book by Hushang Pirnazar and Najaf Daryabandari are investigated. The author tries to investigate on transference of humor from the source language to the target language by a syntactic strategy of Chesterman. By investigating the text, it will be found out that which translator is more successful in recreation of humor by using the strategies.

  5. Visual analysis and Schmidt rebound hammer test of Taj-ul-Masajid

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    A. Hussain

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Taj-ul-Masajid, literally, the crown among mosques is an embodiment of genius structural engineering located in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. A unique combination of the Mughal Architecture in complete stone masonry and modern day RCC work, it is a liaison between the past and the present of structural engineering. A wonder in its own right, the structure is often neglected by technicians and conservationalists alike, a satire on their ingenuity. Now, in a severely dilapidated condition, the structure is in pressing need of structural rehabilitation. The authors intend to perform in-situ Non-Destructive Testing & Evaluation (NDT&E of this structure and thereby suggest steps to better its present condition. As a first step, they’ve performed the visual analysis and Schmidt Rebound Hammer Test on the concrete portion of the structure which has been presented herein. The authors have also suggested a new approach for the verification of results obtained.

  6. Marcos Fernández: «Chapter and explanation of the term hidalgo or hidalga», in Olla podrida a la española… (1655

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    Daniel M. Sáez Rivera

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available An introduction and partial edition of the Marcos Fernández’ work Olla podrida a la española (Amberes [Amsterdam]: Felipe Van Eyck, 1655, text whose literary value has been recently pointed at last, as well as its interesting influence from Cervantes. In order to be accurate, which is edited is the last chapter with a burlesque etimology of the word hidalgo and the cast of a relative to Sancho Panza, called Toncho Panza. The text is showcased as a menipean satire in which grammatical and political views of the time are criticized, for instance the work by César Oudin or by Saavedra Fajardo. The editing criteria look for a new intermediate path between graphic conservatism (necessary in a inductive treaty of orthography such as the Olla podrida and modernization, which soothes the reading and understanding of the text, with the needed supply of linguistic and historical-literary notes.

  7. L’IMAGE DU VILAIN DANS LE ROMAN DE RENART

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    Yao Lambert Konan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Renardian’s storytellers suggest to countryside men some images all deformed by their ideology of class. Thus, the rural constitute inside the tales an undistinguished race, considered as inferior. From a narrative and sociological point of view, this study focus on peasant has permits the best understanding of elements which enter in the representation of this character. Real or unreal elements, medieval ideology of the satire of the rustics characters, a reflect of the reality of the epoch, narratives constrained, enlarging necessities or droll exaggeration, hided or real intentions, all intermingle, merge, all enter in play of mutual interactions. However, in this tendency live on negative image, conventional and permanent of countryman which reveals of personal hatred expression of storytellers coming from the generation of aristocracy.

  8. El nuevo gobierno de Sancho by Leonardo Castellani, in the light of Cervantine model

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    María Mercedes Rodríguez Temperley

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Almost since its publication, Don Quixote had an attractive magnetism in writers from different languages and different times, who imitated, continued and rewroted the Cervantes’s best literary work. Argentine is possibly the american country that most has contributed to increased this literary heritage. Contemporary to the famous «Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote» published by Jorge Luis Borges in 1939 and 1941 (perhaps the paradigmatic rewriting of a Cervantine text in the argentine literature will rise an original and unclasificable text: a political satire of the argentine reality of the River Plate, looking for an argentine identity. This work is El nuevo gobierno de Sancho, published by the Jesuit Leonardo Castellani in 1942. The purpose of this article is to do a comparative study with Don Quixote.

  9. Educating Against Extremism: Towards a Critical Politicisation of Young People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Lynn

    2009-05-01

    This paper is based on a recently published book, Educating Against Extremism (Davies, Educating Against Extremism, 2008), which explores the potential role of schools in averting the more negative and violent forms of extremism in a country. It examines the nature of extremism; identity formation and radicalisation; religious belief, faith schools and the myth of equal value; justice, revenge and honour; and free speech, humour and satire. The paper argues that religious fundamentalism, as well as state terrorism, needs to be addressed in schools. The argument in the book is for a greater politicisation of young people through the forging of critical (dis)respect and the use of a secular basis of human rights. Specific forms of citizenship education are needed, which provide skills to analyse the media and political or religious messages, but also enable critical idealism to be fostered.

  10. Fake it until you make it? The consequences of misinformation for democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyriakidou, Maria; Kaun, Anne; Uldam, Julie

    2017-01-01

    The concept of “fake news” has gained traction, in particular over the last year and because of the US Presidential elections. The latest revelations connected to the win of Donald Trump highlight the crucial implications of the deliberate spreading of misleading information for democratic conduct...... and the decision-making process. Of course, “fake news” is not a new phenomenon: tabloids have long reproduced exaggerations and lies with dire consequences both for individuals and public life. In the UK, the Leave campaign largely benefited from such fake news about the dangers posed by immigrants and refugees...... as well as the horrors imposed by the EU. At the same time, however, “fake news” seems to have become an umbrella term encompassing what has hitherto been discussed as mass manipulation, propaganda, but also satire. It has also become a buzzword for everyone doubting the validity of media and journalism...

  11. The ageing body in Monty Python Live (Mostly)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Line Nybro

    2017-01-01

    This paper analyses representations of the ageing body in the live televised show Monty Python Live (Mostly) (2014). The famous satire group performed in the O2 arena in London, and the show was telecast live in cinemas and aired on television across the world. In the show, the group members, now...... in their seventies, reprise a series of their most popular sketches and introduce a few new sketches. This analysis focuses on the ways in which representations of the ageing body intersects with representations of gender and sexuality in order to discuss how the boundaries for appropriation and subversion becomes...... blurred in the context of the show. This paper combines theory of mediatization with cultural gerontology and feminist theory in order to bring these issues to light. I argue that the show offers an appropriation of the female ageing body -- often exemplified through cross-dressing -- but also...

  12. Religionssatirens fødsel ud af grådighedskritikkens ånd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Dennis Meyhoff

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen argumenterer for at den europæiske tradition for religionssatire opstod på tærsklen til det 12. århundrede, hvor en gruppe satirikere - for første gang i Europas historie - åbent gik til angreb på den kristne kirke. Artiklen argumenterer endvidere for at denne angrebsivrige satire ikke k...... medregnes til den karnevalistiske tradition, som Mikhail Bakhtin har gjort berømt. Den udgør i stedet en selvstændig tradition, som er blevet videreført og videreudviklet af bl.a. Erasmus af Rotterdam, Jonathan Swift, Denis Diderot, Francois Voltaire, Heinrich Heine og mange flere....

  13. Rzeczywistość nie istnieje…? Media i nowoczesne technologie w społeczeństwie przyszłości na przykładzie serialu "Black Mirror"

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    Grzegorz Wójcik

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Released in 2011, the British science-fiction television series Black Mirror, created by Charlie Brooker, has gained viewers’ recognition across the world (confirmed by winning Best TV Movie/Mini Series at the International Emmy Awards in 2012 and the announcement of the 3rd season. Using ‘black humour’ and satire, the series in a defeatist manner portrays dark side of media development and its influence on the future society. In the article I will focus on the phenomena brought up by Black Mirror creators – characters seduced by media, which instead of making their lives happier bring only pain and humiliation; the need for constant surveillance as invoked by more and more advanced technologies; pleasure coming from spying on others’ suffering or progressing simulation of reality. To illustrate these phenomena I will apply, among others, the notions of Guy Debord, Jean Baudrillard, Paul Virilio, and also Michel Foucault’s idea of the panopticon.

  14. The "Protests against Charlie Hebdo" in Niger: A Background Analysis

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    Jannik Schritt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In many Muslim countries in West Africa and beyond, “protests against Charlie Hebdo” occurred when citizens went out on the streets following Friday prayers on 16 January 2015. However, only in Niger did these protests turn extremely violent. This report analyses the social, political and religious workings behind the protests in Niger. In doing so, it shows that the so-called “protests against Charlie Hebdo” are only superficially linked to the Muhammad cartoons by the French satirical magazine. Similarly violent protests have occurred in Niger – often in the town of Zinder – for quite different reasons and on different occasions in recent years. The report therefore argues against simplistic notions of religious fundamentalism and shows that the protests can be explained more appropriately in terms of politics and socio-economic exclusion.

  15. Poétique de l’invective dans les Poèmes aristophanesques de Laurent Tailhade

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    Laurent Robert

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Parmi l’abondant corpus traité par Marc Angenot dans La Parole pamphlétaire, les ouvrages de Laurent Tailhade Au Pays du mufle et À travers les Grouins [sic] constituent les seuls recueils poétiques. L’essayiste y voit une illustration du genre de la satire poétique, revivifié dès la fin du xviiie siècle avec les Iambes d’André Chénier, puis au xixe notamment par Auguste Barbier et Victor Hugo. Tailhade pourrait ainsi, superficiellement, être considéré comme le poète satiriste de la Troisième...

  16. Stylistic analysis of the poem "Ambulance" by Philip Larkin

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    Muhammad Yasir Khan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Philip Larkin is known as a movement poet, because there are many poems which were published in the book of poetic movement, New Lines. This movement was started in 1950, against the unreasonable, inflated and extortionate romanticism of 1930's and 1940's. The common features of movement poetry are; the use of irony and wit, an element of satire, the loneliness of modern man, pessimistic outlook on life, realism, use of ordinary diction, use of symbols, and loss of religious faith. Robert Conquest is known as the representative poet of this movement. The poets of this movement believed that the language of poetry should be simple, lucid and intelligible. The poem Ambulance deals with the important features of movement poetry. Through the stylistics study of this poem the researchers will show the loneliness and concept of death in modern man.

  17. Geneva University: Exploring Flatland with cold atoms

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Lundi 12 mars 2012 17h00 - Ecole de Physique, Auditoire Stueckelberg « Exploring Flatland with cold atoms » Prof. Jean Dalibard Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, CNRS, Physics Department of Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris In his world-famous novel "Flatland" published in 1884, the English writer Edwin Abbott imagined a social life in a two-dimensional world. With a very original use of geometrical notions, E. Abbott produced a unique satire of his own society. Long after Abbott's visionary allegory, Microscopic Physics has provided a practical path for the exploration of low-dimensional worlds. With the realization of quantum wells for example, it has been possible to produce two-dimensional gases of electrons. The prope...

  18. Flatland an edition with notes and commentary

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, Edwin A; Banchoff, Thomas F

    2010-01-01

    Flatland, Edwin Abbott Abbott's story of a two-dimensional universe, as told by one of its inhabitants who is introduced to the mysteries of three-dimensional space, has enjoyed an enduring popularity from the time of its publication in 1884. This fully annotated edition enables the modern-day reader to understand and appreciate the many "dimensions" of this classic satire. Mathematical notes and illustrations enhance the usefulness of Flatland as an elementary introduction to higher-dimensional geometry. Historical notes show connections to late-Victorian England and to classical Greece. Citations from Abbott's other writings as well as the works of Plato and Aristotle serve to interpret the text. Commentary on language and literary style includes numerous definitions of obscure words. An appendix gives a comprehensive account of the life and work of Flatland's remarkable author.

  19. Reading Images of Christ: Masculinity and Homosexuality as Sites of Struggle in Popular Religious Images of Jesus

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    Judith Samson

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The attitude towards homosexuality has become one of the key markers of political identity. In Europe as well as in Northern America it has been used by different groups to promote their views. Especially between fundamentalist Christians and politically as well as religiously liberal people it has become a significant topic of contestation. This article argues that this struggle not only takes place on a textual, but also on a visual discursive level, in which the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is central. An analysis of the representation of Jesus’ masculinity in this image shows that different groups, Polish fundamentalists at a pilgrimage site and liberal American producers of a satiric website, use different versions of the same image to either counter or support public acceptance of homosexuality.

  20. Une lecture du concept d’« étranger » dans le roman L’Écume des jours de Boris Vian

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    Ana Isabel Moniz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it is our goal to ap-proach L'Ecume des jours by Boris Vian. Along the way of life which the author suggests to the reader there is an underlying rejection of values, in particular with regards to religion, work, old age and death. Perhaps this is an indicator of discontent in the way the author perceives society and, in particular, in relation to literature and criticism of the period it portrays. It is this kind of reading of the subversive questioning of the world, loaded with huge satirical and absurd underpinnings, that we try to associate with the perception of the individual who, after all, feels like a stranger in the world he lives.

  1. The Significance of Irony as a Master Trope

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    Alleen Pace Nilsen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Linguists make a distinction between Surface Structure (Phonology, Graphology, Morphology, and Syntax and Deep Structure (Semantics and Pragmatics. Rhetoricians make a similar distinction which they call Schemes (Alliteration, Assonance, Rhyme, Slant Rhyme, Eye Rhyme, Scansion, etc., and Tropes (Metaphor, Metonymy, Synecdoche, Irony, etc.. This article makes the claim that for humor scholars, Irony is the most significant of the four Master Tropes. It makes this argument first by comparing and contrasting Irony not only with Metaphor, Metonymy and Synecdoche, but also with Satire, Paradox, and Contradiction. Second, the article compares and contrasts the different types of Irony (Stable vs. Observable Irony, Linguistic vs. Situational Irony, and Accidental, Dramatic, Socratic, and Tragic Irony. And finally, the article explains the historical significance of Irony, and its ubiquity in contemporary society

  2. Dell' art di mangiar bene, secondo orazio

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    Paolo Fedeli

    2016-09-01

    Horace, in his Satires and Epistles, gives ample space to everyday life’s characters and situations of first century Rome (a.C.. He integrates himself into an ancient tradition of gastronomy treaties in verse and documents the different typologies of daily roman meals: from frugal dishes (Sat. 2.2, to more refined (Sat. 2.4 and even trimalchionic banquets (Sat. 2, 8, togheter with culinary habits of the countryside opposed to those of the city. In this way, important varieties of different meals are described; especially the more copious -the cena- in a gradation from the simplest to the most complex. We are allowed then to know the horacian taste on this issue, consistent with his ideal of frugalitas and aurea mediocritas in others aspects of life. Keywords: Horacio; Sermons; culinaria ars; everyday life in Rome

  3. The Language of Revolution and the Power of Storytelling in The Pregnant Widow

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    Alaa Alghamdi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Martin Amis uses the language of revolution to describe the newly altered social circumstances at the height of the sexual revolution in his semi-autobiographical novel The Pregnant Widow. The concept of a ‘language of revolution’ as well as second- and third-wave feminist scholarship is applied to a textual analysis of the novel. Amis’s brand of satire creates a sense of displacement and challenges existing perceptions about gender, culture and sexuality, exposing them as constructed and changeable norms. Moreover, it becomes clear that the author is skeptical about the benefits of the sexual revolution for either gender, and that he views its liberating aspects as unfulfilled, particularly for women. Given that Amis names one of his characters Scheherazade, evoking the legendary heroine of The Arabian Nights, the importance of storytelling in the novel is also examined and found to be a potentially redeeming force.

  4. Horace 2010-2011

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    Florence Klein

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available > Retour vers la bibliographie générale 2010-2011Becker, A.(2010, « Listening to Lyric: Accent and Ictus in the Latin Sapphic Stanza », CW 2010, p. 159-182 [Horace / Ausone]Bitto, G. (2011, « Ein Horazisches Skolion », Hermes 139, 2011, p. 205-215. Cucchiarelli, A. (2010, « Return to Sender : Horace's sermo from Epistles to Satires », in G. Davis éd., A Companion to Horace, Malden (Wiley-Blackwell, MA-Oxford, p. 291-318. Cucciarelli, A. (2011, « Opportune insanity : an interpolation in H...

  5. Sheer Blue Milken Dreaminess:Galway Kinnell’s Answer to Logopoeia in “The Fly,” “Saint Francis and the Sow,” and “Blackberry Eating”

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    Tanya Long Bennett

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of Galway Kinnell's poems "The Fly, "Saint Francis and the Sow," and "Blackberry Eating," reveals Kinnell's treatment of the concept of logopoeia, a term coined by Ezra Pound to describe a particular use of language in poetry. Pound defined the term through illustration in the poems of Mina Loy and Jules Laforgue; it refers to the use of abstract, ironic vocabulary, which generates an objective, anti-sentimental, and satirical poetic stance. Kinnell, who adopts a distinctly Romantic role as a poet, nonetheless employs key aspects of logopoeia in order to adapt the Romantic ideology to the contemporary reader. Through a unique integration of Romantic sentiment with the intellectually playful, logopoeic use of diction, Kinnell produces poetry that both exploits and celebrates language and its multiple levels of meaning as well as addressing the painful wounds of the contemporary psych.

  6. Spanish Darwinian iconography: Darwin and evolutionism portrayed in Spanish press cartoons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez, Martí; Mateu, Anna

    2013-11-01

    The theory of evolution has played a major role in the press since it was put forward by Charles Darwin in 1859. Its key role in biology and human philosophy is reflected by its presence in press cartoons, sections where the image of social reality is depicted in a more direct and satirical light. Through cartoons, artists have used their ingenuity or wit to portray one of the most controversial scientific figures of the past two centuries. This study examines the views portrayed by Spanish cartoonists about Charles Darwin and evolutionary theory in 2009, the bicentenary of the naturalist's birth and the celebration of 150 years since the publication of On the Origin of Species. These cartoons show how the controversy between Darwinism and religion remain latent in the heart of Spanish society, and how the figure of Darwin has become one of the main icons of science.

  7. A case study of conspiracy theories about Charlie Hebdo terrorist attack

    CERN Document Server

    Golo, Natasa

    2015-01-01

    The results of the public opinion poll performed in January 2015, just after the terrorist attack on the French satirical weekly magazine Charlie Hebdo and the kosher supermarket in Paris, when 17 people were killed, showed that a significant number of French citizens held conspiratorial beliefs about it (17 %). This gave reason to an alternative analysis of public opinion, presented in this paper. We collected 990 on-line articles mentioning Charlie Hebdo from Le Monde web site (one of the leading French news agencies), and looked at the ones that contained words related with conspiracy (in French: `complot', `conspiration' or `conjuration'). Then we analyzed the readers response, performing a semantic analysis of the 16490 comments posted on-line as reaction to the above articles. We identified 2 attempts to launch a conspiratorial rumour. A more recent Le Monde article, which reflects on those early conspiratorial attempts from a rational perspective, and the commentary thereon, showed that the readers hav...

  8. The ageing body in Monty Python Live (Mostly)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Line Nybro

    2018-01-01

    This article analyses representations of the ageing body in the live televised show Monty Python Live (Mostly) (2014). The famous satire group performed in the O2 arena in London, and the show was telecast live in cinemas and aired on television across the world. In the show, the group members, now...... in their 70s, reprise a series of their most popular sketches and introduce a few new sketches. This analysis focuses on the ways in which representations of the ageing body intersect with representations of gender and sexuality in order to discuss how the boundaries for appropriation and subversion become...... blurred in the context of the show. This article combines theory of mediatisation with cultural gerontology and feminist theory in order to bring these issues to light. I argue that the show offers an appropriation of the female ageing body – often exemplified through cross-dressing – but also...

  9. Fictional and real-world revolutionary heroes in the history of psychiatric politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Martina

    2012-12-01

    This article analyzes, firstly, how the representation of the psychiatric institution in Ken Kesey's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest pioneered criticism regarding asylum politics during the 1950s and, secondly, how the reactions of R.D. Laing, an influential psychiatrist-critic of the time, impacted changes of asylum politics, as seen through his autobiographical considerations in Wisdom, Madness and Folly that were published in 1985. The key aim of this work is to compare the ability of a satirizing, fictional piece of writing and a medically focused, nonfictional work of criticism to influence a movement that extended during the 1960s and the 1970s, indeed shaping health care policies in the 1980s and the 1990s as well as our present-day view on institutional management.

  10. Moe and Internet Memes: The Resistance and Accommodation of Japanese Popular Culture in China

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    Asako P. Saito

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The cultural exports of Japanese anime and manga have faced both praise and scorn in the Chinese market. Although the Chinese state generally regards these cultural artefacts as a negative influence, the adoption of visual techniques and concepts associated with Japanese popular culture has become common in China, particularly on the internet. This article seeks to understand the implications of the ‘glocalisation’ of Japanese anime and manga in China. It discusses how Japanese popular culture is perceived by the Chinese Communist Party and by the general public, and how the Chinese state has invested in its own domestic comics and animation industries in an attempt to curb the cultural flow from Japan. Through examining a satirical Chinese virtual character who is heavily influenced by Japanese graphic techniques and concepts, this article demonstrates that governments are not the final arbiters in matters of cultural influence and illuminates the complex nature of transnational cultural flows between China and Japan.

  11. «Writers a la moderna»: The Liberals or the Philosophers of the Day, without Mask and out of Dissimulation. Joco-seria Comedy in One Act (1811 or Decalogue of the Bad Patriot

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    Jesús Martínez Baro

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available On November 10, 1810, almost seven weeks after the first session of the Courts of Cádiz, the freedom of the press was signed. This event caused the publication of many printed leaflets and papers, aggravating the ideological dispute between liberals and absolutists. Many authors used literary structures, with content ranging from a patriotic message to a political invective. Here is included the theatre work “Los liberales o los filósofos del día, sin máscara y sin rebozo”, published in Cádiz in 1811. Several characters, with the Devil Cojuelo as the leader, decide to work as modern writers. For this purpose, they follow some rules based on the repetition of deceptive words, attacks on the clergy and the Holy Office, and corporatism against satire adversary. Censinato Vigornia, conservative flock representative, criticised each enemy argument, in order to reinforce the real patriotism and discredit the liberal thoughts.

  12. Fictionalized Representation of Space in Amma Darko’s Beyond The Horizon

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    Lèfara Silue

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study permits to understand that the living place of Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon is an unstable and fragmented universe. The protagonists Akobi and Mara freely roam in three places in quest of happiness. The representation of the German urban area reveals that Europe is not the “Eldorado” where gold and money flow in abundance. Beyond the portrayal of Akobi, Darko satirizes and denounces the bestiality of African immigrants in Germany. These African immigrants ask their wives to join them in Europe where they are used as sex-workers. In the text, the urban area and the rural living place are two contradictory and complementary universes. Germany is then seen as a symbol of the world of immorality whereas Naka is depicted as a symbol of African solidarity.

  13. A philosophical interpretation of the significance of oral forms in I. Mabasa’s novel Mapenzi (1999

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    D.E. Mutasa

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The article critically analyses the use of Shona oral art forms in I. Mabasa’s novel “Mapenzi” (“Mad people”/“Foolish people”. It departs from the realisation that the writer identifies with Shona people’s oral experiences in the form of songs, “bembera” (satiric poetry and folktales among others. These oral art forms provide the means by which the writer overcomes both selfcensorship and real or imagined state censorship. The article advances the argument that Mabasa uses the Shona people’s oral art forms in a manner that is ideologically and pedagogically empowering. This is consistent with the value thrust of Shona people’s epistemological assumptions. The article comes to the conclusion that Mabasa’s vision in the novel “Mapenzi” maintains the line between tradition and continuity.

  14. George Orwell (1903-1950)--writer, socialist, eccentric and tuberculosis sufferer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubovsky, H

    1995-10-01

    George Orwell, born Eric Blair in India in 1903, the third generation of colonial service stock, joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma in 1922 after leaving school in England. Rejecting the racial and cultural barriers of colonial rule he encountered there, he returned to England to become a writer. He became allied to leftist and labour causes and, based on personal participation, documented the life and work of the underprivileged and working classes in England and Paris. He also fought with the leftist alliance in the Spanish Civil War against Franco's army revolt against the Republican Government. Although a fine essayist and master of English prose, he is best known for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, two political satires on the Soviet system and totalitarianism respectively. These brought him fame and financial security shortly before his death of tuberculosis at the age of 47, after a life of recurrent ill health and economic hardship.

  15. Charlie: Dead Laughing

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    María del Socorro Tuirán Rougeon

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the dramatic events of January 2015 in France, from the perspective of humor as an unconscious formation, as described by Freud. The deadly attack targeted the headquarters of Charlie Hebdo, a satirical journal that questions sensitive social issues through caricatures, cartoons, and humor. Considering that censure has always existed, what could explain this bloody act today? Can't we laugh at everything? Can't we laugh with anyone? While Freud suggests the hypothesis that the comic is a formation of spirit vis-à-vis the pain caused by existence, he also proposes that humor is the contribution of the super-ego to the comic. How, then, is it possible to understand that we cannot laugh at everything?

  16. Genre in media production

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    Hanne Bruun

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available How do we explain changes in media genres? Are they the result of economic, technological or other kinds of structural forces; or are they the result of the change-producing agency of the media producers? And how are changes in media texts connected to contextual conditions for media production on micro-, meso- or macro levels? This article suggests that a theoretical approach using a pragmatic and socio-cognitive understanding of genre will help us to address these questions. This approach can highlight the interplay between human agency and different kinds of structural forces involved in specific professional media production cultures. Furthermore, it has the potential to integrate media texts and especially the micro- and meso levels of production. Using lessons learned and findings from my recent production study of Danish television satire, the article will argue three major methodological as well as knowledge-producing advantages of a genre approach.

  17. ‘NONSENCE IS REBELLION’: JOHN TAYLOR’S NONSENCE UPON SENCE, OR SENCE, UPON NONSENCE (1651–1654 AND THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR

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    Emily Cock

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the political content of John Taylor’s Nonsence upon Sence, or Sence Upon Nonsence: Chuse you either, or neither (1651–1654, challenging the customary dismissal of this poem as light-hearted nonsense verse. Taylor was a staunch Royalist who had openly criticised the divisions of the English Civil War, and the proliferation of religious separatists; I argue that Nonsence continues this project under a mask of playful ambiguity. The literary disorder created in this text, which Taylor calls ‘nonsence’, is made to mirror the social, religious and political fragmentation of post-war London, as sentences and words are broken down and rearranged in unfamiliar and disturbing ways. The paper serves not only as a stylistic assessment of Taylor’s satire as a reflection of the political and social instability of the time, but to historicise his engagement with nonsense and place within that literary tradition.

  18. Rhetorical Charms: The Promise and Pitfalls of Humor and Ridicule as Strategies to Counter Extremist Narratives

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    H.L. Goodall

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article we provide a brief account of the uses of humor, in particular satire and ridicule, to counter extremist narratives and heroes.  We frame the appeals of humor as “rhetorical charms,” or stylistic seductions based on surprising uses of language and/or images designed to provoke laughter, disrupt ordinary arguments, and counter taken-for-granted truths, that contribute to new sources of influence to the globally wired world of terrorism.  We offer two recent examples of how the Internet in particular changed the narrative landscape in ways that offer potent evidence of uses of humor to remake extremist heroes into objects of derision.  We also caution those who would make use of humor as a strategic communication device to take into account the negative side effects and unexpected consequences that can accompany such uses. 

  19. Maurizio Cattelan. Vicissitudini scolastiche di un cattivo alunno

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    Francesca Agamennoni

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The satirical representation of the scholastic world is a recurring motif in Maurizio Cattelan's artistic production, since the beginning of his career, in the first part of the Nineties: from the point of view of the undisciplined and lazy student (with whom the artist identifies himself the educational system is shown as a coercive and punishing entity which burdens individuals with compulsory, monotonous and senseless exercises (such as writing. Many different factors contribute to this negative portrait of schooling: the biographical experience of Cattelan himself as an unhappy pupil; the stereotypes about lazy students and their attitude towards educational institutions; an interest in schooling as a metaphor to describe the relationship between the artist and the art world. This analysis of Cattelan's most representative works inspired to the scholastic world aims to show how his self-description as a bad student can be read as a proposal of a new understanding of the artist's role within the art system.

  20. Rojas, Chaucer et Shakespeare au miroir de l'iconographie : les trois âges de la femme

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    Sandra Gorgievski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available La mise en perspective de La Celestina de Fernando de Rojas, Troilus and Criseyde de Chaucer et Troilus and Cressida de Shakespeare met à jour des résonnances dans la parodie du triangle courtois (l’amoureux, la femme, l’entremetteur et la peinture du désenchantement du monde. Dans l’Europe médiévale et renaissante, l’image de la femme tentatrice peut aussi être mise en relation avec le thème iconographique des Trois âges de la femme et la Mort, mais aussi celui de la Tentation de saint Antoine (Hans Baldung, Jérôme Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, mêlant sacré et profane, érotisme et morbidité. Au-delà des aspects tragiques, Chaucer célèbre l’amour terrestre et spirituel - dans sa célèbre rétractation, alors que la satire et le grotesque dominent chez Rojas et Shakespeare.Placing in parallel Fernando de Rojas’ La Celestina, Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, one can find resonances in these works’ parody of the courtly triangle (the lovers, the go-between and their representation of a disenchanted world. In Medieval and Renaissance Europe, the image of the seductive woman can also be related to the iconographic themes of the Three Ages of Woman and Death and the Temptation of Saint Antonio (Hans Baldung, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, which mingle the sacred and the profane, the erotic and the morbid. Beyond tragic overtones, Chaucer celebrates both earthly and spiritual love in his famous retraction, while Rojas and Shakespeare highlight the grotesque and the satirical.

  1. Subverting masculinity, misogyny, and reproductive technology in SEX PISTOLS

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    Jessica Bauwens-Sugimoto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Superficial readings of works in the yaoi (also called ‘boys love’ genre outside of Japan often condemn or dismiss the genre as (more misogynist, (more homophobic, and occasionally (more racist (than works in a similar ‘Western’ genre called slash. The yaoi genre is seen as ideologically inferior to its ‘Western’ counterpart, and the root or cause of this inferiority is often ascribed to its creators living in and being shaped by what is seen as a (relatively more sexually oppressive society, contemporary Japan. In this paper I suggest that superficial and antagonistic readings of the fairly small amount of translated works may be missing the subversive and satirical elements inherent in the genre.

    These elements are very visible in SEX PISTOLS, (LOVE PISTOLS in English translation because of intellectual property rights issues with a band by the same name a manga in the yaoi genre written and drawn by Kotobuki Tarako and published as six consecutive volumes between 2004 and 2010. The work is well known both to Japanese and foreign fans of yaoi. Rich with subplots, Kotobuki puts unusual spins on tired old tropes like how (female attractiveness depends on fertility, stalking is true love, and women will trick men into getting them pregnant to trap them. The phenomenon of pregnancy itself is drawn as parasitic and alien to the body, and characters are literally conceived as animals. I will examine how within the pictotext of SEX PISTOLS the oppressive -isms mentioned above are explored, satirized, subverted, but also, and necessarily, reproduced.

  2. El lugar de la sátira en la poética: los tratados españoles del siglo XIX

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    González Alcázar, Felipe

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the satirical genre and its connections with Poetics in the Spanish Poetry and Rhetoric precept treatises of the nineteenth century. Throughout that century, literary theory was subject to major changes, such as the success of Hegel’s postulates on literary genres. Satire faces these changes and its own evolution: it was first identified with the Roman satura and afterwards through its various forms, it became a mixed or transitional genre. Its fragile nature seems to confront directly the normative perpetuity of treatises that, in spite of their rupture with romanticism, may be considered inheritors of the classicist principles.Se propone en este artículo investigar el género satírico y sus relaciones con la Poética a través de los tratados poético-retóricos de preceptiva españoles del siglo XIX. A lo largo de toda esa centuria la teoría literaria estuvo sujeta a grandes transformaciones, entre ellas, el triunfo de los principios hegelianos acerca de los géneros literarios. La sátira se enfrenta a esas mismas transformaciones y a su propia evolución: primero, identificada con la satura romana, y luego, a través de sus numerosas formas, convertida en un género mixto o de transición. Su lábil naturaleza parece enfrentarse directamente con la perennidad normativa de los tratados que, a pesar de la ruptura romántica, pueden considerarse herederos de los principios clasicistas.

  3. In Praise of Folly: A cursory review and appreciation five centuries later

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    Raymond Potgieter

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Desiderius Erasmus was a humanist reformer concerned with reforming the civil and ecclesiastical structures of his society. In reformed circles, much attention is paid to his role in the Lutheran controversy. Despite this, his powerful influence continues to this day. Erasmus’ particular fool’s literature, Moriae Encomium (1509, revealed his humanist concerns for civil and ecclesial society as a whole. He employed folly as a rhetorical instrument in satirical manner, evoking readers’ amusement from numerous charges against the perceived multilayered social reality of the day. Five hundred years later the person of Folly may still perform this same task in Christian society. That was Erasmus’ point – the church is not to be seen as an island, it shares in the structures of society and is therefore still subject to its share of critical comments.‘Lof der Zotheid’: ‘n oorsig en evaluering vyf eeue later. Desiderius Erasmus was ’n humanis wat gepoog het om hom te beywer vir die hervorming van die burgerlike en kerklike strukture van sy tyd. In gereformeerde kringe word sy rol in die Lutherse twisgeskil beklemtoon. Sy verreikende invloed word steeds vandag gevoel. Erasmus se gekke-literatuur, Moriae Encomium (1509, het sy besorgdheid rakende die burgerlike en ekklesiastiese samelewing vanuit ’n humanistiese standpunt openbaar. Hy gebruik dwaasheid as retoriek en met behulp van satire vermaak hy die leser terwyl hy die veelvuldige lae van die sosiale realiteit van die dag ontbloot. Die personifikasie van die ‘gek’ of ‘dwaas’ is 500 jaar later steeds relevant vir hierdie rol in die Christelike samelewing. Erasmus was van mening dat die kerk nie as ’neiland beskou moet word nie. Dit maak deel uit van die samelewingstrukture en is daarom steeds aan kritiek onderworpe.

  4. Entre calvos anda el juego: la insistencia de un tema satírico en Rojas Zorrilla

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    Vega García-Luengos, Germán

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Satires against bald men intensified in early modern Spain as the genre developed. As a bald man himself, Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla used the motif with less seriousness than some other writers suffering from the same condition. He also used it more frequently, as he is the playwright of the time that has left us more examples, no less than 17 cases spread over 13 plays, all of them with a burlesque purpose. In all cases, his jokes on bald men say about his persona as much as about his relations with his peers, as well as with the audience in general. Ultimately, some of these satirical uses could be useful in tracing his name behind some texts of dubious authorship.Las sátiras contra calvos se intensificaron en la época barroca al compás que lo hizo el género. Las condición de tal de Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla no le impidió utilizar el motivo satírico con más desenfado que el que se aprecia en otros escritores afectados. Y con más insistencia: es el dramaturgo del siglo XVII del que más referencias a calvos se han localizado (en términos absolutos y relativos: 17 pasajes correspondientes a 13 comedias. Todas esas menciones tienen un carácter jocoso. Es inevitable considerar cuál es su grado de acatamiento o de desvío con respecto a la tradición satírica. Por otro lado, estas bromas apuntan aspectos interesantes de la actitud vital del escritor, de sus relaciones con los colegas y el público en general. La existencia y las características de estas alusiones burlescas también pueden servir de indicios en las tareas de atribución de comedias dudosas.

  5. La complessità del diverso nella piattezza di Flatland

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    Cristina Carluccio

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This paper proposes an analysis of Edwin Abbott Abbott’s Flatland: a Romance of Many Dimensions (1884. In particular, it focuses on the first section of the novel, This World, which is interpreted as a satire of the Victorian society. In fact, the fictional world of Flatland appears to have been built exactly upon the middle class ideological standpoint. This is ironically translated into a series of strategies – both at a territorial and at a relational level – through which this group tries to maintain its hegemonic social position and, at the same time, to distance all those elements that may deviate from its image of respectability. This is investigated with special regard to the characters of the Irregular and of the isosceles triangle, towards which the middle class shows an attitude of closure. Such behaviour is nothing else but the satirical depiction of its ambiguous relationship with Otherness.Sommario – Questo saggio propone un’analisi di Flatland: a Romance of Many Dimensions (1884 di Edwin Abbott Abbott. Nello specifico, esso si sofferma sulla prima sezione del romanzo, This World, interpretata quale satira della società vittoriana. Difatti, il mondo fantastico di Flatland sembra essere stato costruito proprio sulla base dell’ideologia della middle class, che è ironicamente tradotta in una serie di strategie – su un piano sia territoriale sia relazionale – tramite le quali questo gruppo tenta di mantenere l’egemonia della sua posizione sociale e, al contempo, di allontanare tutti quegli elementi che potrebbero deviare dalla sua immagine di rispettabilità. Ciò è esaminato con particolare riferimento ai personaggi dell’Irregolare e del triangolo isoscele, verso i quali la middle class mostra un atteggiamento di chiusura. Tale comportamento non è altro che la satirica raffigurazione del suo ambiguo rapporto con l’Alterità.

  6. Bashar b. Burd\\'s Atheism: Reality or Politics?

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    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Bashar b. Burd's Atheism: Reality or Politics?    Seyyed Mohammad Javad Moosavi Bafrooi *    Abstract  Many historical events demand more reflection. One of such cases is Bashshar b. Burd about whom there are different opinions. Some people believe that he was killed because of the accusation of being atheist. However, because of the following reasons, it seems that such a view could be far from reality: 1. He was one of poets that had satire style, so, the caliphs and other government members hated him because he satirized them too much 2. his poems seemingly show that he was monotheist but there are some poems by him which suggest otherwise 3. the punishment for atheism was execution but he died as a result of slash (his poses another question as to his death 4. there are some poems by him asking forgiveness from Allah for his past sins. Even if according to some opinions he was a sinner, according to Islamic education, a penitent has no sin and 5. the confessions made by the Abbasid caliph regarding his regret about killing the poet is another indication that Bashshar b. Burd was not killed because he was an infidel. Rather, it could be argued that he lost his life because of the hatred of the government members who were criticized by him.    Key words: Bashshar b. Burd, atheism, politics     * Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, University of SemnanE-mail: Mohamad-smm@yahoo.com

  7. MİRZE ELEKBER SABİR’İN SOSYAL İÇERİKLİ ŞİİRLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME / A REVIEW ESSAY ABOUT MIRZE ELEKBER SABIR’S POEMS AROUND SOCIAL THEME

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    Nergiz GAHRAMANLI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Mirze Elekber Sabir is one of the realistic authors of the 20th century Azerbaijani Literature. He first wrote poems which were in line with the classical poem tradition. He used aruz prosody. Then he wrote poems around social themes. Humor stands out in the poems that he wrote in the journal “Molla Nasreddin” that was issued by Celil Memmedguluzade. He wrote under the pseudonym of “Hop hop”. These poems that he wrote with humorous style made him incredibly famous. Sabir used a lot of Persian words because it was a requirement in those periods. He used them especially in gazelles that he wrote. However, he wrote his satirical poems in colloquial language. Persian words are used less in these poems. The poet, who had a critical point of view, criticized everything that the thought that was misconducted in the society in his poems from despotism to women’s and children’s rights, from language and education to rights of workers and peasants. Sabir’s friend Abbas Sehhet compiled and collected the poems that Sabri had written in miscellaneous journals to issue the book of poems “Hophopname”. Hophopname was written in Arabic as the period required so. However; its translations are available in Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. This review focuses on the poetry book of Mirze Elekber Sabir “Hophopname” and is based on the edition that was edited by Abbas Zamanov. The poems that are cited in Hophopname preserve the language and the style that was used by the poet as it is in Azerbaijani Turkish. The information is provided about the life and literary activities of the poet. His satirical poems that he wrote around miscellaneous themes have been addressed and review in respect of their content.

  8. The Draughtsman’s Contacts: Robert Seymour and the Humorous Periodical Press in the 1830s

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    Brian Maidment

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Robert Seymour was celebrated enough in his day to become one of very few late Regency and early Victorian comic and satirical draughtsmen sufficiently visible to be traced through the magazines of the 1830s. His periodical contributions are, therefore, of considerable significance in trying to establish the patterns of work and maps of interconnected activity that were necessary to sustain the career of a jobbing draughtsman at this time. After contributing to Bell’s Life in London in the late 1820s, Seymour’s presence as a prolific magazine illustrator dates largely from the early 1830s. As well as a mass of jobbing illustrations that were produced for a remarkably diverse range of magazines. Seymour worked extensively for three significant and profusely illustrated magazines at this time — the Looking Glass, Figaro in London, and the Comic Magazine. The Looking Glass was published by Thomas McLean and sought to sustain an established tradition of political caricature through adapting it to a magazine format using the relatively new reprographic medium of lithography. Figaro in London was illustrated by vignette wood engravings, which were both vernacular and sophisticated at the same time. The Comic Magazine, another publication dependent on small wood-engraved images, sought to build on the growing popularity of song books and comic annuals. The diversity and prolixity of Seymour’s output at this time bears testimony to the extraordinary demands made on draughtsmen and engravers in the 1830s, and suggests something of the relentlessly innovative market place for humorous and satirical print at this time.

  9. Erasmus Darwin's Deistic Dissent and Didactic Epic Poetry: Promoting Science Education to a Mixed Audience Under the Banner of Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Kirsten Anne

    Erasmus Darwin's task as a Deistic Dissenter poet who wished to promote science education to a mixed audience was complex. There was mainstream concern over what Deists and Dissenters actually believed about God, their involvement in science, and, especially, how their published works, whatever the subject, might affect public morality and politics. I argue that Darwin's poetry is primarily in the genre of Lucretian didactic epic but that it also involves elements of other written traditions (literary and non-literary). I focus on English didactic poetry, the theological written traditions of Dissent and Deism, and a particular tradition of erotic satire. The genre of Lucretian didactic epic and the tradition of English didactic poetry are non-identical. In Darwin's Lucretian didactic epic, resemblances to such poems as Pope's Essay on Man challenge ideas about what kind of narrative a didactic poem in the English language can deliver. Techniques from the theological written traditions of Dissent and Deism reflect Darwin's affiliations, signal that science education fits within a larger debate about intellectual freedom, and promote tolerance for differences of opinion about nature. Mimicry of a particular tradition of erotic satire helps to downplay the address to a mixed audience while satirising some common misconceptions about poetry, botany, and women in the period. Darwin's poetry challenges ideas about what people from his community of belief meant to communicate or transmit by writing for the general public, what the general public was entitled to learn, and what poetry was able to teach. Perhaps Darwin's biggest modification of Lucretian didactic epic was that he did not tell his readers exactly what to think, but how.

  10. In Praise of Folly: A cursory review and appreciation five centuries later

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    Raymond Potgieter

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Desiderius Erasmus was a humanist reformer concerned with reforming the civil and ecclesiastical structures of his society. In reformed circles, much attention is paid to his role in the Lutheran controversy. Despite this, his powerful influence continues to this day. Erasmus’ particular fool’s literature, Moriae Encomium (1509, revealed his humanist concerns for civil and ecclesial society as a whole. He employed folly as a rhetorical instrument in satirical manner, evoking readers’ amusement from numerous charges against the perceived multilayered social reality of the day. Five hundred years later the person of Folly may still perform this same task in Christian society. That was Erasmus’ point – the church is not to be seen as an island, it shares in the structures of society and is therefore still subject to its share of critical comments. ‘Lof der Zotheid’: ‘n oorsig en evaluering vyf eeue later. Desiderius Erasmus was ’n humanis wat gepoog het om hom te beywer vir die hervorming van die burgerlike en kerklike strukture van sy tyd. In gereformeerde kringe word sy rol in die Lutherse twisgeskil beklemtoon. Sy verreikende invloed word steeds vandag gevoel. Erasmus se gekke-literatuur, Moriae Encomium (1509, het sy besorgdheid rakende die burgerlike en ekklesiastiese samelewing vanuit ’n humanistiese standpunt openbaar. Hy gebruik dwaasheid as retoriek en met behulp van satire vermaak hy die leser terwyl hy die veelvuldige lae van die sosiale realiteit van die dag ontbloot. Die personifikasie van die ‘gek’ of ‘dwaas’ is 500 jaar later steeds relevant vir hierdie rol in die Christelike samelewing. Erasmus was van mening dat die kerk nie as ’neiland beskou moet word nie. Dit maak deel uit van die samelewingstrukture en is daarom steeds aan kritiek onderworpe.

  11. UNA CLASE A MEDIAS: LAS REPRESENTACIONES SATÍRICAS DE LOS GRUPOS MEDIOS CHILENOS EN TOPAZE (1931-1970

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    Tomás Cornejo Cancino

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Por medio de la sátira, la revista de humor político Topaze mostró el revés del proceso de consolidación de la clase media en el Chile de mediados del siglo XX. Más que cambio de ideales, de principios o de mentalidad de quienes debían conducir el país, las caricaturas y textos satíricos indican que hubo solo un recambio de personas. Y estas al poco tiempo terminaron siendo tanto o más "acaballeradas" que los propios caballeros que venían a reemplazar. Topaze se centró en los partidos políticos que mayor protagonismo tuvieron en este proceso. Mostró lo ridículo de sus pretensiones de igualarse con la elite, el arribismo de sus dirigentes, la inoperan-cia de sus militantes y las pequeneces de quienes solo pretendían servirse del erarioThe political magazine Topaze used satire to uncover another side to the sonsolidation of middle class society in mid-twentieth century Chile. More than registering simple changes of ideals and mentalities of people who led the country, cartoons and satire texts revealed that there was something else besides new characters in Chilean politics. New politicians ended up being even more "gentlemen-acting" than those "gentlemen" they replaced. Topaze magazine, focused its attention on the main political parties and showed the ridiculous pretensions of politicians who tried to equate themselves with the elites. The periodical also uncovered the ambitious intentions of political leaders, the inoperative behavior of their followers and the presence of minor quarrels that involved people who wanted to benefit from public funds

  12. REPRESENTACIÓN BURLESCA DE LOS BLASONES EN GRAN SEÑOR Y RAJADIABLOS

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    Luis Hermosilla

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se analiza el repertorio de recursos satíricos empleados por Eduardo Barrios en Gran Señor y rajadiablos en la confección de un relato humorístico que socava la percepción ideológica que privilegiaba la fama del apellido y del linaje peninsular como signos hegemónicos del estatus aristocrático. Mediante la caricaturización literaria de las cadenas emblemáticas asociadas al fuero de los Casaquemada y el escudo de armas de los antepasados de los Valverde, Eduardo Barrios pone de relieve la persistencia ideológica, en algunos sectores de la sociedad chilena representada en la novela, de un sistema anacrónico de diferenciación social incompatible con el nuevo ideario democrático impulsado con el advenimiento de la república.This essay analyses the array of satirical resources employed by Eduardo Barrios in his Gran Señor y rajadiablos (GreatLordandHellRaiser to create a humoristic narration undermining the ideological perception that favored the Peninsular last name and lineage as hegemonic signs of aristocratic status. Through a literary caricature-like representation of the emblematic chains related to the Casaquemada court of justice and the Valverde predecessors' coat of arms, Barrios satirizes the persistence of an anachronic ideology of social differentiation held by some sectors of the Chilean society represented in this novel. Such ideology becomes incompatible with the new democratic ideals brought along by the emerging Republic.

  13. EFFECT OF USING PARODY ON BRAND IMAGE IN ADVERTISING

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    Nurhan Babür TOSUN

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Brand communication studies objective is formed sometimes the target audience by affecting existing beliefs and values on occasion by creating the new beliefs and values is to create a brand image. To contribute to both their image and brands competing brands negatively influence their image in order to spoof ad messages. In order to criticize a work of parody existing structure by changing the satire, hyperbole and emulated by using a common type that was used to create a new work. Uses of a brand’s image and the spoof ad message to rival brands image their positive or negative direction. In this study, the use of brand image in the ad parody in order to determine the impact of the two brands in the telecommunications industry uses advertising of parody and spoof commercials that do not use. All this work is performed by the method of experimental research group pre-test and post-test analysis. Contains the current brand image and parody advertising post on whether differences between the image that occurs after watching the ad, the main objective of our study to examine in the context of the policy. Research of preliminary test of attitudes toward the brand and the brand awareness, brand image is taken from the scale. The research is the latest test of brand image scales. Research as a tool for survey data collection method was carried out on 131 participants. Criticism, satire and parody of the ads containing the imitation brand image dimensions, social awareness, brand identity, brand elements, size of the brand’s commercial elements of brand value, consumer-oriented brand effect in brand and consumer attitudes.

  14. Differences in the genetic control of early egg development and reproduction between C. elegans and its parthenogenetic relative D. coronatus

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    Christopher Kraus

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The free-living nematode Diploscapter coronatus is the closest known relative of Caenorhabditis elegans with parthenogenetic reproduction. It shows several developmental idiosyncracies, for example concerning the mode of reproduction, embryonic axis formation and early cleavage pattern (Lahl et al. in Int J Dev Biol 50:393–397, 2006. Our recent genome analysis (Hiraki et al. in BMC Genomics 18:478, 2017 provides a solid foundation to better understand the molecular basis of developmental idiosyncrasies in this species in an evolutionary context by comparison with selected other nematodes. Our genomic data also yielded indications for the view that D. coronatus is a product of interspecies hybridization. Results In a genomic comparison between D. coronatus, C. elegans, other representatives of the genus Caenorhabditis and the more distantly related Pristionchus pacificus and Panagrellus redivivus, certain genes required for central developmental processes in C. elegans like control of meiosis and establishment of embryonic polarity were found to be restricted to the genus Caenorhabditis. The mRNA content of early D. coronatus embryos was sequenced and compared with similar stages in C. elegans and Ascaris suum. We identified 350 gene families transcribed in the early embryo of D. coronatus but not in the other two nematodes. Looking at individual genes transcribed early in D. coronatus but not in C. elegans and A. suum, we found that orthologs of most of these are present in the genomes of the latter species as well, suggesting heterochronic shifts with respect to expression behavior. Considerable genomic heterozygosity and allelic divergence lend further support to the view that D. coronatus may be the result of an interspecies hybridization. Expression analysis of early acting single-copy genes yields no indication for silencing of one parental genome. Conclusions Our comparative cellular and molecular studies support the

  15. Uso de productos derivados de Bacillus thuringiensis como alternativa de control en nematodos de importancia veterinaria. Revisión

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    Alejandro Vázquez-Pineda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La bacteria entomopatógena Bacillus thuringiensis produce cristales proteicos con actividad citotóxica en contra de insectos y nematodos. La toxicidad de B. thuringiensis en plagas agrícolas es ampliamente conocida, pero poco se conoce acerca de su actividad en contra de nematodos parásitos. Recientemente, la actividad nematicida de las proteínas derivadas de B. thuringiensis se demostró en parásitos de mamíferos como Haemonchus, Teladorsagia, Nippostrongylus, y Ancylostoma, y en nematodos de plantas, Globodera y Meloidogyne. Entre el grupo de B. thuringiensis con efecto nematicida, las proteínas de la cepa IB-16 han mostrado actividad letal de 50 a 100 % en contra de diferentes estadios del principal género de rumiantes, Haemonchus contortus. Asimismo, los géneros de nematodos de vida libre, Panagrellus redivivus y Caenorhabditis elegans han sido blanco de estudios de la acción nematicida de B. thuringiensis. Por ejemplo, el efecto tóxico de la proteína Cry5B de B. thuringiensis se observó en las células intestinales de C. elegans, además esta acción parece involucrar receptores celulares específicos, similares a los que se han notificado en contra de plagas agrícolas. Asimismo, la unión de la proteína Cry5B ocurre en receptores específicos, como moléculas de carbohidratos, las cuales están presentes en la membrana de las células de intestino de los nematodos, ocasionando daño y muerte. A través de este tipo de estudios, los derivados de B. thuringiensis podrían considerarse una alternativa de control en nematodos que afectan a los animales domésticos, como rumiantes, así como en contra de otros nematodos patógenos de mamíferos e incluso de plantas agrícolas.

  16. Metodología para el diseño de bioensayos en toxicología acuática

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    Robles González Juana Raquel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La creciente descarga de residuos industriales y domésticos, el derrame de hidrocarburos, así como de otros productos químicos ha generado serios problemas de contaminación en las aguas y, por lo tanto, es necesario usar la metodología adecuada que permita medir la naturaleza y mecanismos de los efectos de esos contaminantes sobre organismos vivientes. En este trabajo se busca: Determinar los efectos letales y subletales del endosulfan en nematodos Panagrellus redivivus; comparar los resultados mediante los métodos Probit y Logístico. Se realizaron 16 bioensayos bajo un diseño completamente al azar, para probar las concentraciones 1,6; 3,2; 6,5; 13,1 y 26 ppm de endosulfan y un control, con cinco repeticiones y 10 individuos por unidad experimental. A 96 horas, la CL50 (Concentración Letal Mediana para endosulfan fue 10,89 ppm. y las CE50 (Concentracion Efectiva Mediana de las variables supervivencia, crecimiento y maduración fueron 10,54; 0,70 Y 0,73 ppm, respectivamente.

    Palabras claves: Concentración letal, concentración efectiva, endosulfan, nematodos.

  17. Le citoyen rieur

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    Anna Rycman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Pologne d’aujourd’hui, l’évolution des modèles d’engagement civique et politique s’opère plus particulièrement auprès des jeunes générations. Parmi les expériences nouvelles de participation politique, les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication offrent des opportunités radicales de reconfigurer l’espace public. La jeunesse polonaise investit en masse le Web. Dans le flux de paroles affranchies circulant et dialoguant dans le cyberespace, nous nous intéressons ici au développement d’un discours qui emprunte au registre de la dérision et de la satire politiques. Une multitude de sites critiques, de nature apparemment contestataire, des sites d’opposition fondés sur le genre satirique, ont émergé comme réponse apportée à la situation politique. Cet espace public électronique représente une forme moderne de « folklore politique », contribuant au processus de socialisation des jeunes citoyens polonais.The laughing citizen. A modern form of civic commitment in democratic Poland?In present day Poland, the evolution of civic and political commitment models is above all the affaire of the younger generations. Among the current opportunities for political participation, the new information and communication technologies offer radical opportunities to reconfigure the public arena. Polish youth are flocking to the Web. Amongst the flux of frank points of views circulating and dialoguing in cyberspace, our interest here is the development of a discourse inspired by political and satirical derision. A multitude of critical, apparently anti-establishment, sites and general opposition sites using the satirical style have emerged as a response to the political situation. This public electronic space represents a modern form of « political folklore », contributing to the socialising processes of young polish citizens.El ciudadano que rie. ¿Nueva forma del compromiso cívico en la

  18. Historia, poesía y cotilleos. Cristina de Suecia en los Avisos de Barrionuevo

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    Arellano, Ignacio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the way in which appears the figure of Queen Christina of Sweden in notices or news of Jerónimo Barrionuevo, who is commenting on contemporary events from a perspective that might consider satirical, and that relates to the conventions of the literary gender, but also with the intellectual and political attitude of the narrator. It is observed that in the dichotomy between real person and character built by the text, some kind of news that spread as gossip, are excluded from the literary treatments of Christina of Sweden, while define the perspective of Barrionuevo. In this case, not only the prerogatives of poetry define the treatment of historical characters; the whispering privileges acquired a special role, linked also with a misogynist perspective of the relator and tendencies of satirical categories.El artículo examina el modo en que aparece la figura de la reina Cristina de Suecia en los Avisos o noticias de Jerónimo de Barrionuevo, que va comentando los sucesos contemporáneos desde una perspectiva que podríamos llamar satírica, y que se relaciona con las convenciones propias del mismo género, pero también con la actitud intelectual y política del narrador. De este modo se advierte que ciertos motivos se reservan para ciertos géneros: en este caso los chismes y cotilleos que no suelen aparecer en tratamientos propiamente literarios, forman el núcleo de los textos que definen en Barrionuevo la principal perspectiva con la que se evoca a Cristina. Así pues, no solo las prerrogativas de la poesía permiten modelar el tratamiento de los personajes históricos acudiendo a alteraciones de los hechos legitimadas por las teorías poéticas de la época; también los privilegios libérrimos del cotilleo adquieren un protagonismo especial, con un marcado predominio en Barrionuevo de la mirada misógina —que podría ser propia del relator o debida a la tendencia satírica de la misma categoría textual—.

  19. Linksmas pragaras: grotesko poetika trijuose vėlyvojo tarybmečio prozos kūriniuose | Merry hell: poetics of the grotesque in three works of fiction of the late Soviet period

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    Laurynas Katkus

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The grotesque as a means of representing high social tensions and contradictions and as a tool of aesthetic subversion played an important role in the Soviet literature from its start. After the Second World War, the genre flourished throughout the Eastern Bloc. That it remained current throughout the region until the 1990s is shown by a comparison of three novels from that period, – one from Russia, one from Poland, and one from Lithuania: the phantasmagorical works of fiction Moskva-Petushki by Venedikt Erofeev, Mala Apokalipsa by Tadeusz Konwicki, and Vilniaus Pokeris by Ričardas Gavelis. I try to show that grotesque succeeded in being a satire of the late socialist world and at the same time conveyed the menacing aspect of it. They reveal it as an absurd age that carries the seeds of its demise within itself.I analyze in depth three interconnected themes of a grotesque origin. Firstly, I pick out the theme of entropy and (self destruction. The writers make use of the topos of the journey to the land of the dead, in which the contemporary society is revealed as in the novels; the motive of self-destruction is conveyed by the alcoholism of the isolated protagonists, most brilliantly in Erofeev’s story. Thus, the writers argue indirectly with the notion of M. Bakhtin that grotesque is a product of the collective optimistic “body of the people”. Secondly, it is the eccentric narrative perspective sub specie morti, represented by what one can call a narrative oxymoron: all three texts are narrated in the first person by characters that are already dead. This otherworldly point of view enables authors to transpose the dimensions of normality and to produce a harsh satire of the socialist state and society. Thirdly, it is the theme of the elusive identity and distorted reality. I maintain that this notion is not so much an influence of Western postmodernism as it is commonly explained, but, on the one hand, it is a traditional menippean

  20. REVALORIFICAREA TEZAURULUI FRAZEOLOGIC ÎN TEXTUL PUBLICISTIC ACTUAL

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    Viorica MOLEA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Articolul reprezintă o abordare pragmastilistică a utilizării expresiilor frazeologice în textul jurnalistic de opinie, în care prezenţa acestora serveşte la nuanţarea unor idei, atitudini, percepţii ale proceselor politice, sociale, economice, culturale din ţară. Relevând multiple aspecte de definire şi delimitare ale frazeologismelor, precum şi rolul lor în comu­ni­carea mediatică, dezvăluim pregnanţa, efectele pragmatice obţinute prin transfigurarea, renovarea, adesea spectacu­loasă, a acestora în diverse contexte. Utilizarea metaforelor oralităţii ţinteşte spre atragerea unui public numeros şi sen­sibil la modulaţiile unor structuri neordinare, la grotescul variaţiilor de limbaj. Totodată, inserţia inspiratelor crea­ţiuni verbale intensifică notele rebele de ironie şi satiră, activate în pana publiciştilor, privind lucruri dizgraţioase, repugnante din societate. A RECAPITALIZATION OF PHRASEOLOGICAL THESAURUS IN NOWADAYS` JOURNALISTIC TEXTThis article represents a pragmastylistic approach of the usage of phraseological units in journalistic text expressions, where their presence serves to refining ideas, attitudes and perceptions of political, social, economic and cultural processes happening in the country. Highlighting various aspects of definition and delimitation of phraseological units and their role in media communication, we aim to decelate the poignancy, pragmatic functions obtained by their transfiguration, renovation – often spectacular – in different contexts. The effects obtained by using metaphors in orality aim to attract a large audience, sensitive to modulations of unusual structures, to the grotesque of language variations. At the same time, the insertion of inspired verbal innovations enhances the rebel notes of irony and satire rebel activated by publicists, concerning disgraceful, repugnant aspects of society. 

  1. Uma revolução chamada Bocage: inadaptação e libertação

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    Eloísa Porto Corrêa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente artigo aborda as marcas da inadaptação social e diferentes maneiras de se pregar a liberdade na obra revolucionária de Bocage, poeta em trânsito entre dois mundos, o neoclássico iluminista e o romântico anti-iluminista. Para tanto, estabelecendo diálogos com a fortuna crítica bocageana, analisaremos algumas poesias líricas, satíricas e obscenas do autor. O estudo se justifica pela necessidade de entendermos melhor o conjunto da obra de Bocage, que ora satiriza tiranos, hipócritas e medíocres; ora enfoca o amor puro, ora o sensual, em cenários luminosos ou noturnos, ora em uma linguagem polida, ora obscena; construindo uma vasta galeria de figuras femininas castas ou libertinas, tiranas ou tiranizadas, amadas por um eu poético libertário, numa sociedade opressora e moralista. Além disso, a obra do poeta se revela fértil terreno para o estudo crítico da arte e do contexto histórico-cultural da segunda metade do século XVIII.Palavras-chave: Bocage; Iluminismo; revolução; inadaptação; libertação. Abstract: This article talks about social maladjustment and different ways to search freedom in the revolutionary poetry of Bocage, poet between two worlds, the Enlightenment neoclassical and the romantic. Therefore, establishing dialogues with the critical work of the Bocage, we analyze some poems lyrical, satirical and bawdy. The study is justified by the need to better understand the whole work of Bocage, which satirizes tyrants, hypocrites and mediocre, focuses on caste love, sometimes the sensual. In light or nighttime scenarios, sometimes in a polished language, sometimes obscene, he builds a vast gallery of female figures castes or libertines, loved by a poetic-self libertarian, an oppressive society and morality. In addition, the work of the poet reveals fertile ground for the critical study of art and historical-cultural context of the second half of the eighteenth century.Keywords: Bocage; Enlightenment

  2. Cine-Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine-Club

    2014-01-01

    Thursday 6 February 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Ecce bombo     Directed by Nanni Moretti (Italy, 1978) 103 minutes   Nanni Moretti, born in 1953, is one of the most influential and radical filmmakers in Italy. Enfant prodige du cinema, Moretti tries to find work as assistant-director right after graduation when he starts shooting his first Super-8 shorts. His first feature film “Io sono un autarchico” (I am an autarchic), filmed in 1976 in his own apartment with his friends as actors, brings him success both with the critics and the public. In 1978 the Cannes Film Festival selects his second film, “Ecce Bombo”; the success of which consecrates Moretti as one of the main and most interesting new authors in European cinema. Ecce Bombo is an intelligent and funny film, a superbly sharp social commentary picture of a generation, delivered with humour and satire: a synthesis and a reflection on society at the aftermath of the sexu...

  3. Al sietmen de lui…: Perspektiewe op boere en boerejolyt in enkele Nederlandse en Afrikaanse gedigte

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    D. van Zyl

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Though one sees the people… (one does not therefore know them: Perspectives on farmers and boorish festivity in a number of Dutch and Afrikaans poems A selection of a few Dutch and Afrikaans poems from, inter alia, the seventeenth, nineteenth and early twentieth century, share so many characteristics in their combination of the subjects “farmer” (“boer” and “feast”, that in this article the question is raised whether these stereotypes form part of a relatively fixed traditional topic or “storehouse” of conventions. Each poem utilizes colloquial language, diminutives and nicknames in the depiction of a dance party in a rural setting – an event characterized by immoderate behaviour, particularly regarding love-making and the use of liquor. More recent Afrikaans poems (written within a context where the initially negative term “Boer” has been transfigured positively due to the expansion of Afrikaner-Nationalist power satirize other aspects, like status and wealth instead of backwardness, but it seems as if excess and transgression are still associated with “boer” in combination with festivity. The concept of farmer often functions as the Other in these poems, in binary opposition to the narrator.

  4. DON QUIJOTE DE LA MANCHA: DIALOGISMO Y CARNAVALIZACIÓN, DIÁLOGO SOCRÁTICO Y SÁTIRA MENIPEA

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    Manuel Jofré

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Se discuten aquí algunas de las tesis de Mijail Bajtín en relación con la novela Don Quijote. Primero, la oposición entre novela dialógica versus novela polifónica; segundo, la pertinencia del diálogo socrático y la sátira menipea en la estructura novelesca misma; tercero, la pertinencia del monologismo en la aproximación de poética histórica; y cuarto, algunos aspectos de la carnavalización en la novelaSome of Mijail Bachtin’s theses are discussed here. First the opposition between the dialogic novel and the polyphonic; in the second place, the pertinence of Socratic dialogue and the Menippean satire in the fictional structure itself; thirdly, the pertinence of monologism in the approach to a historical poetic; and lastly, some of the aspects of carnavalization in the novel

  5. The Functions of Mao Zedong’s Enigmatic Language

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    Ping Sun

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mao Zedong was a voracious reader in various fields and an expert in philosophy and history, and he knew the ancient Chinese history stories so well that he became highly skilled in applying those strategies and deceptions used by the ancient rulers in his own administration. Whenever he was dealing with some tough issues, he would make the past serve the present, using the characters in the ancient Chinese history stories to allude to some people or using the ideas in the philosophical books to explicate something. This special speech style adopted by Mao Zedong is called “enigmatic language”, an indirect language which is quite close to present “riddle”. Its real implied meaning changes with the specific referents and the concrete situations. This paper studies the functions of one of his commonly used enigmatic language styles, that is, his recommendation of the proper books to the people working close to him. Results show that by recommending the different books to those surrounding him he intended to inspire, to warn, to criticize and even to satirize his subordinates or his colleagues, insinuating his real political intentions as well as his purposes of gauging their genuine political loyalty. However, we also find that his enigmatic language depressed most of people surrounding him, who could not interpret his words properly to understand his implied intentions.

  6. Representações cômicas da República no contexto do Getulismo

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    Elio Chaves Flores

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analiso as representações cômicas e discursivas da República e a trajetória política de Getúlio Vargas, a partir de uma narrativa que se assenta no método regressivo. Para isso, trabalhei com uma série de caricaturas publicadas em jornais e revistas na duração entre 1930 e 1954, confrontando a intertextualidade dessas imagens com alguns discursos satíricos e irônicos produzidos por memorialistas. Procuro demonstrar que há semelhança entre a inversão humorística e a textualidade da memória, quando inventam a respeito de seu tempo e dos outros imagens verossímeis.This article analyses the comic and discursive representations of the Brazilian Republic and Getúlio Vargas’ political career, starting from a narrative constructed in the regressive method. For that, I worked with a series of cartoons published in newspapers and magazines in the span of time between 1954 and 1930, matching the intertextuality of these images with some of the satiric and ironic speeches produced by witnesses. It is demonstrated there is likeness between the comic inversion and the textuality of the memory, when they invent concerning their time and other ones, the verisimilitude of the images.

  7. Три взгляда на альтернативную Россию. Маскавская Мекка А. Волоса, День опричника В. Сорокина, Укус ангела П. Крусанова

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    Dmytro Novokhatskyi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with three novels representing alternate history/futurology of Russia, a popular trend in contemporary Russian fiction extrapolating actual social and political realities into the near future. All three novels depict dystopian and oppressive societies modelled on the historically known and rejected ways in which Russia has developed: the time of Ivan the Terrible, the aftershock of the collapse of the USSR, the typical Soviet Union of the 1950-70s, and the aggressive Russian Empire of the 19th century. Following the dystopian tradition, the central question is the essence of power and the relation between power and violence, institutionalized in newly-built societies, though the protagonist is no longer a ‘classical’ dystopian rebel but the average man struggling to survive (Maskavskaja Mekka or a representative of the repressive State machine (Den’ Opričnika and Ukus Angela. Other important questions raised in the novels are the potential threat of Islamization, the territorial and cultural expansion of China, and the crisis of traditional Russian values. All three novels bear strong satirical connotations and numerous intertextual allusions to numerous works of Russian literary tradition.

  8. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

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    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize Abstract The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two “heroes” of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  9. The scientific legacy of William Herschel

    CERN Document Server

    2018-01-01

    This book presents a modern scholarly analysis of issues associated with England’s most famous astronomer, William Herschel. The world’s leading experts on Herschel, discoverer of the planet Uranus, here offer their combined wisdom on many aspects of his life and astronomical research. Solar system topics include comets, Earth’s Moon, and the spurious moons of Uranus, all objects whose observation was pioneered by Herschel.  The contributors examine his study of the structure of the Milky Way and an in-depth look at the development of the front view telescopes he built. The popular subject of extraterrestrial life is looked at from the point of view of both William Herschel and his son John, both of whom had an interest in the topic. William’s personal development through the educational system of the late eighteenth-century is also explored, and the wide range of verse and satire in various languages associated with his discoveries is collected here for the first time. Hershel worked at a time of i...

  10. A. Gide’s ‘Paludes’ – between Talent and Work

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    Adina BANDICI

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to prove that André Gide’s apparent “book about nothing”, ‘Paludes’, represents, in fact, an important step in the evolution of modern literature and its significance lies not in its simple subject and lack of action, but in the original writing technique that the author chooses for his “sotie”, in which the form is more important than the content and the characters. This paper contains instances taken from the book, and the author’s own explanations, as well as various critical references that are meant to support the arguments that we want to underline, namely that this satire presents a narrator in the process of creating a storywithin-a-story, using what is called the “mise en abyme”-technique that Gide will also apply in his only novel, ‘The Counterfeiters’. The ambiguity of ‘Paludes’ is intentional, the readers being invited to discover what is left unsaid and to contribute to the composition of the book.

  11. YouTubers as satirists: Humour and remix in online video

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    Patrícia Dias da Silva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the role humour plays in politics, particularly in a media environment overflowing with user-generated video. We start with a genealogy of political satire, from classical to Internet times, followed by a general description of “the Hitler meme,” a series of videos on YouTube featuring footage from the film Der Untergang and nonsensical subtitles. Amid video-games, celebrities, and the Internet itself, politicians and politics are the target of twenty-first century caricatures. By analysing these videos we hope to elucidate how the manipulation of images is  embedded in everyday practices and may be of political consequence, namely by deflating politicians' constructed media image. The realm of image, at the centre of the Internet's technological culture, is connected with decisive aspects of today's social structure of knowledge and play. It is timely to understand which part of “playing” is in fact an expressive practice with political significance.

  12. La leadership politica in Italia alla luce della tradizione comica nazionale

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    Maria Pia Pozzato

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Political leadership in Italy in the light of the national comical traditionThis essay deals with humour and satire in politics. The issue of humour is contextualized within a wider cultural phenomenon called ‘show civilisation’ or ‘schermopolis’, i.e. the pervasiveness of screens in our everyday life. In doing so I will consider the role of new media and social networks in fostering the use of humour in political discourse. Next I will try to find a new framework for forms of popularity in politics by adapting to the current conjuncture the definitions given by Eric Landowsky at the end of the 1980s. Nowadays the politician-vedette is indeed the most popular form within the show civilisation phenomenon mentioned above. I will demonstrate that some Italian versions of this figure seem inspired by a rich Italian Comedy tradition. Finally, I will propose a number of hypotheses about the ways in which leaders obtain electoral consensus, for example through physical attractiveness, sympathy, and their ability to amuse people. In this perspective, a leader who is good for a laugh seems automatically a good leader.

  13. Spenser’s Blatant Beast: The Thousand Tongues of Elizabethan Religious Polemic

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    Christopher A. Hill

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the final two books of the 1596 edition of Spenser’s Faerie Queene, in which there arises a formidable adversary: the Blatant Beast. This monster, whose presence dominates the end of Book Five and a substantial portion of Book Six, represents the worst excesses of caustic and satirical rhetoric as manifest in the theological and ecclesiastical pamphlet disputes that erupted after Fields and Wilcox’s 1572 Admonition to Parliament. That these disputes were about serious and far-reaching matters is undeniable; it is also undeniable that the means by which these disputes were waged, especially in notorious cases like those of Martin Marprelate, caused significant intellectual, rhetorical, and religious anxiety among combatants and observers alike. Spenser’s heavily allegorized presentation of polemic and pamphleteering in the figure of the Blatant Beast—and the travails of the Knights of Justice and of Courtesy in bringing the beast to heel—can illustrate for students the full extent of that anxiety in Reformation England, as well as articulate Spenser’s call for the timely application of “well guided speech” as the solution to these reckless disputes.

  14. Bentuhua: culturing psychotherapy in postsocialist China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li

    2014-06-01

    The breathless pace of market reform in China has brought about profound ruptures in socioeconomic structures and increased mental distress in the population. In this context, more middle-class urbanites are turning to nascent psychological counseling to grapple with their problems. This article examines how Chinese psychotherapists attempt to "culture" or indigenize (bentuhua) three imported psychotherapy models in order to fit their clients' expectations, desires, and sensibilities: the Satir family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sandplay therapy. It addresses three interrelated questions: What is the role of culture in adopting, translating, and recasting psychotherapy in contemporary China? How is cultural difference understood and mobilized by therapists in the therapeutic encounter? What kind of distinct therapeutic relationship is emerging in postsocialist China? Data presented here are drawn from my semistructured interviews and extensive participant observation at various counseling offices and psychotherapy workshops in the city of Kunming. My ethnographic account suggests that it is through constant dialog, translation, and re-articulation between multiple regimes of knowledge, cultural values, and social practices that a new form of talk therapy with "Chinese characteristics" is emerging. Finally, I reflect upon what this dialogic process of transformation means for psychotherapy as a form of globally circulating knowledge/practice.

  15. The development and testing of the thermal break divertor monoblock target design delivering 20 MW m‑2 heat load capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fursdon, M.; Barrett, T.; Domptail, F.; Evans, Ll M.; Luzginova, N.; Greuner, N. H.; You, J.-H.; Li, M.; Richou, M.; Gallay, F.; Visca, E.

    2017-12-01

    The design and development of a novel plasma facing component (for fusion power plants) is described. The component uses the existing ‘monoblock’ construction which consists of a tungsten ‘block’ joined via a copper interlayer to a through CuCrZr cooling pipe. In the new concept the interlayer stiffness and conductivity properties are tuned so that stress in the principal structural element of the component (the cooling pipe) is reduced. Following initial trials with off-the-shelf materials, the concept was realized by machined features in an otherwise solid copper interlayer. The shape and distribution of the features were tuned by finite element analyses subject to ITER structural design criterion in-vessel components (SDC-IC) design rules. Proof of concept mock-ups were manufactured using a two stage brazing process verified by tomography and micrographic inspection. Full assemblies were inspected using ultrasound and thermographic (SATIR) test methods at ENEA and CEA respectively. High heat flux tests using IPP’s GLADIS facility showed that 200 cycles at 20 MW m‑2 and five cycles at 25 MW m‑2 could be sustained without apparent component damage. Further testing and component development is planned.

  16. Mo Yan’s Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out: A Conceptual Integration Analysis

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    Omid Akhavan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive linguistics is a modern school of linguistic thought that originated in the late seventies out of the work of a number of researchers who were interested in the relation of language and mind. It is a new linguistic paradigm which sees language not as an independent, self-sufficient system but as an instrument for organizing, processing, and conveying information. Recent studies and investigations in the field of cognitive linguistics have increased the range of possibilities for linguistic research regarding language and culture. Conceptual Integration Theory, proposed by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner (2002, is a further development of this line of research. It is a basic mental operation which is central to human thought, imagination, and the way we think. Conceptual integration performs an important role in construction of meaning in everyday life, in science, and even in literature. Mo Yan’s Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out (2006 is a historical fiction exploring China’s development during the latter half of the twentieth century. The author himself asserts that the novel encapsulates his writing styles and reflects his exploration in the arts of novel writing. The present study examined the Conceptual Integration Theory in Mo Yan’s Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out. It also demonstrated the way the author made use of personification and conceptual blending in order to create a satirical atmosphere and to criticize totalitarian states.

  17. Pantagruelism: a Rabelaisian inspiration for understanding poisoning, euthanasia and abortion in the Hippocratic oath and in contemporary clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barilan, Y M; Weintraub, M

    2001-06-01

    Contrary to the common view, this paper suggests that the Hippocratic oath does not directly refer to the controversial subjects of euthanasia and abortion. We interpret the oath in the context of establishing trust in medicine through departure from Pantagruelism. Pantagruelism is coined after Rabelais' classic novel Gargantua and Pantagruel. His satire about a wonder herb, Pantagruelion, is actually a sophisticated model of anti-medicine in which absence of independent moral values and of properly conducted research fashion a flagrant over-medicalization of human problems. Ultimately this undermines the therapeutic core of medicine itself. We contend that PAS is a case of such over-medicalization and that its institution creates medicophobia. This article does not express an opinion about euthanasia in general. Rather, we claim that physicians should learn from the oath and from Rabelais that they should keep their practice to medical care and not to exploit their expertise and social privileges for the sake of ulterior motives, even when their patients desire those goals.

  18. Social and political perceptions of the Borat phenomenon in Kazakhstan: evidence from a case study of university students

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    Donnacha Ó Beacháin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article begins by chronicling and evaluating the reaction of the government of Kazakhstan to Sacha Baron Cohen’s film Borat—Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan. It then compares and contrasts the official government reaction with the expressed attitudes of local members of Kazakhstan’s young English-speaking elites. This study is based on the results of a survey of almost five hundred young university students conducted in March 2007 at the Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research (KIMEP, the most prestigious university in the country. The sample gives a snapshot of those most likely to have been aware of Borat – the young, internet-savvy, educated urban elite – and inter alia provides insights into how respondents in Kazakhstan thought the movie impacted their country and would influence how they were treated abroad. The survey results suggest that while responses to Borat were heterogeneous, most students accepted that the choice of Kazakhstan as a target for satire was coincidental rather than conspiratorial. Despite official efforts to ban the movie, a majority of the respondents had seen the film and believed that the ban was a mistake. Also, while recognising that Borat would raise Kazakhstan’s profile in the world, respondents doubted it would increase knowledge, and some feared a change in their treatment when travelling abroad.

  19. Postmodernistiese tendense in Magersfontein, o Mogersfonfein! deur Etienne Leroux

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    M. J. Prins

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Post-modernist trends in Magersfontein, o Magersfontein! by Etienne Leroux The aim of this article is to prove that there are trends towards the radicalisation of certain tenets of modernism in Magersfontein, a Magersfontein! (1976 by Etienne Leroux. In the first instance, there are signs of what Brian McHale considers to be typical of postmodernism, namely epistemological uncertainty. Readers of this novel are confronted by a modernist shift from the idea of an objective rendering of an empirical reality towards a focus on the ways in which the individual consciousness p lays an active and projecting part in the formation of images of self and world. This shift is juxtaposed with an investigation into humanity's search of knowledge of the past The shift entails a modernist questioning of the objectivity of historical knowledge, an indication of the partisan way in which history can be dealt with, an emphasis on the relationship between different renderings of history and the legitimising of political power, as a result of which the novel tends towards postmodernism, at least as far as Wesseling's (1991 definition of this trend is concerned. At the same time the novel can be read as a satire on the way in which institutions like the state and the film industry are instrumental in the creation of "realities The images which are projected onto reality are often "prescribed" to the individual consciousness, a motif which is well-known in postmodernist fiction.

  20. Sade in italy: Deconsecrating Art. Parody Forms and Ekphrasis

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    David Matteini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the parody procedures employed by the Marquis de Sade in descriptions of works of art (ekphrasis that are found in the little-known Voyage d’Italie, account of a trip to Italy that the author made in 1775 to escape the persecution of French police. Unpublished until the nineteen sixties, nor taken into account in critical studies, this travel diary provides precious insight into many philosophical and aesthetic categories that were commonly discussed in debates in the pre-Revolutionary period. Following a substantial but fundamental section on the meagre literature about the Voyage, this essay focuses on only a few passages concerning ekphrasis in Sade’s work, enough to show how parody and satire were essential rhetorical conditions in order for the author to overturn the transcendent meaning of the works of arts as it was imposed by the Christian/Neo-platonic aesthetic tradition, which was still ruling on the intellectual milieu of the eighteenth-century grandtouristes. In accordance with the most radical tendencies of the Enlightenment - Diderot’s materialism and Shaftesbury’s philosophy of “wit” provide a good example -, in his literary debut Sade offers an ingenious and inventive framework that is well ahead of his times and, therefore, deserves further examination.

  1. (IRReverently Telling the Otherness through Paratextual Narrative

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    Morosan Nicoleta-Loredana

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An inherent component of relocation narratives is the description of the protagonists’ process of building up their intercultural competence - whose range will vary from one expatriate narrator to another. Closely connected to all the four types of cultural intelligence (CQ, in general, and to the metacognitive CQ, in particular, the account of the sojourn in foreign lands conjures up a raft of reflections on what exactly gives one the sense of cultural belonging. Noticing the difference, analysing it, integrating or dismissing it are as many steps taken during/after cross-cultural interactions. This paper addresses the verbalisation of the cultural differences in accounts that sometimes embrace and other times reject them, by resorting to risqué language in snide remarks meant to perform an evaluation of the received ideas in relation to both the native and the host country of the expatriate. The corpus examined is the construction of the paratext prefiguring the spot-on satire comprised by the text.

  2. Gender, Humour and Transgression in Canadian Women’s Theatre

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    Meisner Natalie

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Are humour and laughter gender-specific? The simple answer, like most everything that is ideological, is “yes”. Many feminists in recent years have grappled with the question of humour and how it is often the site of much contestation when it comes to women using it as a tool of transgression. This paper probes the seemingly timeless antipathy between humour and representations of femininity through recourse to performance and theories of the body. This article holds the term “woman” up to scrutiny while simultaneously examining the persistence of both critical and philosophical recalcitrance and the way humour continues to function in both gendered and violent ways. How does gender “do” or “undo” humour? Laughter is no simple matter for women, due to the legacy of profoundly polarized and hyper-sexualized historical ambivalence between femininity and laughter. Acknowledging the problematic nature of the category “woman”, and after clearing some terminological distinctions (comedy, humour, irony, satire, and parody, this article investigates humour’s complicated and volatile relationship to gender and the way the laughing body of women on stage presents a fascinating double helix of sexual aggression and power

  3. Prolínání subkultur: příklad burlesky

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    Veronika Němcová

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Human society is surrounded by culture, and through it expresses its customs, traditions and cultural patterns. This legacy will pass on to the future generations through the social interactions. In real life it is not possible to create such a culture that is identified by everyone. This contradiction and disagreement is reflected by criticism of social conventions, and always has been associated with an art and ideological movements. Burlesque originated at the end of the 19th century as a satirical and parodic performances connected with the striptease. In the fifties of the 20th century, in the postwar period, against the background of culture appeared the first subcultures in connection with the collapse of consensus, aversion to warfare, political ideologies and newly brings a brand-new attitude to life and self-expression, the alternative way of life. Culture is a living phenomenon with an ability to revitalize and transform itself through the time. At first glance its parts might not be related, but rather may be interwoven. The possible ways of blending are demonstrated in this work just through the subcultures and the burlesque.

  4. THE TALE OF THE PRIEST AND OF HIS WORKMAN BALDA BY A. PUSHKIN

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    Evgeniy Mikhaylovich Neyolov

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Tale of the Priest and his Worker Balda seems the most simple of all the Pushkin’s fairy tales. However, this is a very specifi c simplicity, which can be called ‘the simplicity of complexity’. The story contains diff erent levels, which are not apparent immediately. Traditionally, The Tale of Balda has been interpreted as an acute socio-political satire; another approach refers to the peculiarities of folk tales poetics and its literary transformation, determined by the difficulties of combining the folk fairy-tale function of the character with the nature of a literary tale hero. Both of these approaches raise a number of questioins, the main of which is why the Priest was punished, aft er all. The third interpretation, which is presented in the second part of the article and considers Pushkin’s fairy tale in the Christian context, allows us to reveal the deeper connotations of Pushkin's intention, giving the opportunity to comment diff erently some parts of the text, usually overlooked by researchers that are focused only on a "superfi cial layer" of the meaning of the text.

  5. Jeanette Winterson’s The Stone Gods: A Postmodern Warning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekiye Antakyalıoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Jeanette Winterson attempts to provoke a new consciousness of existence in her 2007 novel The Stone Gods and stir the masses to re-evaluate the human condition under the encroaching shadow of death awaiting our mother earth. The Stone Gods can be read as the continuation of her 2005 novel Weight where she already implied an alternative perception of space/universe. Along with its apparent postmodern tissue, The Stone Gods offers a lament for the human condition which is acutely suffering from the deprivation of dreams, future hopes and sense of reality on one hand, the ongoing corruption of our ecological system on the other. In the novel the citizens of Orbus (an unknown future world are presented as dehumanized figures for whom “age is only an information failure” stemming from the body’s loss of fluency, nerve disconnection and cell mutation occuring in DNA nucleus.This paper aims at analysing how Winterson detects the postmodern superficiality, obsession with appearance, lack of hope, memory and conscience in The Stone Gods which, contrary to being a postmodern text, concentrates on giving a moral message with its satiric as well as parodic double voice about the changing experience of ageing for man and mother earth in the new millenium

  6. Os bandidos entre os romanos: leituras eruditas e percepções populares The bandits among romans: the elite's texts and popular perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Senna Garraffoni

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Discutiremos, neste artigo, dois temas relacionados. Em primeiro lugar, procuraremos explorar como a elite romana representava os bandidos antigos na literatura satírica, tomando como exemplo passagens das Metamorfoses de Apuleio. Em segundo lugar, procuraremos enfocar a Epigrafia (placas metálicas dedicadas à deusa Sulis Minerva que foram encontradas em Bath, Inglaterra para discutir as imagens do roubo na cultura popular. A evidência epigráfica é fundamental para o estudo das percepções acerca do banditismo e, também, ajuda a proporcionar interpretações mais plurais da cultura e do passado romano.This paper discusses two interrelated topics. The first one explores how the Roman elite represented ancient robbers in satirical literature. In this part I shall comment Apuleius' Metamorphoses. The second one focuses on Epigraphy (metallic tablets dedicated to the godess Sulis Minerva that were found in Bath, England in order to discuss some images of the thievery at Roman popular culture. Archaeological Epigraphic evidence can provide us different approaches to study the banditry perceptions; it can also help us to propose more pluralist approaches to the Roman culture and past.

  7. Destruction of Landscape by the Forces of Commercial Industrialism in Maxwell Anderson’s play, High Tor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Samigorganroodi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines Maxwell Anderson’s play High Tor that is an aesthetic engagement with nature and dramatizes Anderson’s environmental sensibilities. The play is a satirical fantasy in verse loaded with allusions, symbolism and philosophical meditation, dramatizing the end of America’s pioneering tradition. High Tor refers to a mountain overlooking the Hudson River, only a few miles away from Anderson’s home in New City in the district of New York. The name derives from Celtic lore and means a sacred and holy place where people commune with the gods. The area where High Tor stands is steeped in history, legend and the supernatural. There are many accounts of ghosts haunting this historical mountain and the surrounding areas. In this play, Anderson makes use of the aura of mystery surrounding this region to dramatize the story of the protagonist, Van Dorn, and his struggle against the advancing forces of industrialism and materialism that threaten his independence and the pioneering values, pastoral tradition and the Arcadian beauty of the American wilderness. Keywords: American drama, the Great Depression, environment, American pastoral tradition, individualism

  8. The murga: voice and popular feeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franca Roibal Fernández

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Murga is, in its simplest terms, popular musical theater of Uruguayan Carnival, but in reality it is much more than this. It is theater, music, identity, myth, political criticism; it is the voice of the people. The murga is a group of popular musical theater whose members sing and act on various tablados –neighborhood makeshift stages– and it is the most political component of Uruguayan Carnival. The murga criticizes, satirizes and questions society, politicians and situations constantly, but it never defines itself as political nor theoretical. It is simply a form of popular art. It is a way to take the issues, which affect everyone, to the masses, to the tablados which are filled every night of Carnaval. During the dictatorship, which brought with it censorship of every sort, murgas were censored just like all artistic endeavors. However, murgas were able to subvert the censorship of their lyrics, permitting them to criticize the outrages and crimes of the government with the music itself. Although the political situation has now changed dramatically, the murga is still a necessary element of Uruguayan socio-political discourse. This article aims to summarize the history of Carnival in Uruguay and specifically the murga, as well as to analyze song lyrics from historically important shows from two different eras.

  9. De la Matrona de Éfeso (A-Th 1510 a la compasiva viuda gallega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noia Campos, Camino

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The author reviews the history of the documented versions of the «The Unfaithful Widow» theme, from Phaedrus' Latin fables and Petronius' Satyricon through the Medieval exempla and collections of fables to the oral narratives published since the 19th century. He finishes with a Galician folktale, unknown by international as well as Spanish students of folklore.

    El artículo hace un recorrido por la historia de las versiones documentadas sobre «la viuda infiel», desde la fábula latina de Fedro y la narración de Petronio en el Satiricón, pasando por las versiones medievales de los ejemplarios y de las colecciones fabulísticas, hasta las de tradición oral recogidas a partir del siglo XIX. Termina presentando un cuento oral en lengua gallega, desconocido por los investigadores internacionales y españoles del cuento folclórico.

  10. Contextualizing History in Hungarian Films of the New Millennium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Orban

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hungarian films produced after the year 2000 build on the historical reality of the fall of communism and anticipate, or come to terms with, entry into the European Union.  This article will explore six films that deal with history through multiple perspectives to dramatize the dynamic between historical events and human responses to them.  These films reference history, or efface it, as a way of problematizing the relationship between human behavior and history.  Colossal Sensation [Világszám – Dodó és Naftalin] (2005 and Children of Glory [Szabadság, szerelem] (2006, for example, examine Hungarians’ moments of defiance during the 1956 uprising but shape historical events to fit human constructs.  Contemporary history provides satire of rising capitalism in The District! [Nyócker!] (2005 whose plot weaves historical figures into a modern rendition of Romeo and Juliette.  Miracle in Krakow [Csoda Krakkóban] (2004 also presents a book as its central metaphor, and, like The District!, the book allows some of history’s uglier moments to be erased.  Béla Tarr’s Werkmeister Harmonies [Werkmeister harmóniák] (2000 and Nimród Antal’s Control [Kontroll] (2003, films without overt historical markers, provide allegorical visions of societal unrest that can be read as allusions to millennial concerns.

  11. Excerpt from Transnational Russian-American Travel Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita D. Marinova

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Margarita Marinova’s text is excerpted from her new work Transnational Russian-American Travel Writing. The work’s purpose is to examine “the diverse practices of crossing boundaries, tactics of translation, and experiences of double and multiple political and national attachments” found in a group of writings about encounters between Russians and Americans between 1865 and the Russian Revolution of 1905. (These encounters provide a prelude to the more famous American travelogue of 1930s Soviet satirical writers Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov, Odnoetazhnaia Amerika [Single-Storied America]. Contrasting viewpoints on race and ethnicity form an important element of Marinova’s corpus, and one fine example is the extract shown here, which treats the encounter of Russian-Jewish revolutionary Vladimir Bogoraz (Tan with a Black American student working as a Pullman porter, and the Russian’s unwittingly humorous incapacity to view him outside of stereotypes (in a fashion that anticipates the character of the mother in Shirley Jackson’s mordant short story “After You, My Dear Alphonse”.

  12. The show must go on? Patients, props and pedagogy in the theatre of the OSCE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gormley, Gerard J; Hodges, Brian D; McNaughton, Nancy; Johnston, Jennifer L

    2016-12-01

     According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes. In this commentary, we draw on Goffman's dramaturgy metaphor and our experiences to undertake a wry examination of some of the least intended consequences of OSCEs. We take a satirical look at both the potential impact on patients and the pedagogical implications of this form of assessment. We now urge you to sit back, settle in and enjoy the show, as we raise the curtain on this one-night-only performance! © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and The Association for the Study of Medical Education.

  13. Munk og Shakespeare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gemzøe, Anker

    2011-01-01

    Anker Gemzøes bidrag gælder Munks forhold til sit store forbillede, Shakespeare. Tre skuespil er genstand for analysen: En Idealist, Shakespeares Hamlet omsat af Kaj Munk og Cant. I hvert af disse dramaer bruger Munk en speciel strategi i forhold til sit litterære forlæg. Gemzøe ser i Herodes......-stykket ”et motivisk tag-selv-bord”, hvor forfatteren har benyttet sig meget frit af mange detaljer fra Shakespeares værker. Munks Hamlet-version omtales som ”døgnpolitiksuppe”, og ”aktualiseringsstrategien” i forhold til Shakespeare ses som en indskrænkning af originalens format til aktuel revyagtig satire...... med klare nazistiske sympatier. Gemzøe tager imidlertid særlig Cant under luppen. I en omhyggelig nærlæsning af teksten viser han at Shakespeare-inspirationen i dette stykke – det efter hans opfattelse mest shakespeareske af alle Munks dramaer – gælder både form og indhold. Han henviser bl.a. til King...

  14. Traditionalism as Source of Change: Ola Rotimi Kurunmi as an Epitome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J. Ayodabo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ola Rotimi Kurunmi has generally been classified as a tragedy, historical play, postcolonial text, satire etc. Such general classifications have limited the analyses of the play to thematic thoughts such as cultural clash, postcolonial disillusionment, and its understanding as an emblem of the Greek dramatic tradition. For this reason, this paper examines the issue of traditionalism in the play centering on the faithfulness of the writer in utilizing actual historical materials and personalities of the 19th century Yoruba war between Ijaye and Ibadan armies (in Nigeria and its implication on the general sensibility of the society. The paper examines the role of the major character of the play, Kurunmi, as a traditionalist and how his display of epic heroism helps produce resounding themes of socio-cultural relevance. It argues that a conscious reading of the personalities, attributes, and egos of Kurunmi as a traditionalist would make the reader have the privilege of having a real sense of the complex nature of Kurunmi character rather than seeing him as a prototype of a Greek tragic hero.

  15. Klaus Mann's Mephisto: A Secret Rivalry

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    Peter T. Hoffer

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Critics of the 1960s and 1970s have focused their attention on Klaus Mann's use of his former brother-in-law, Gustaf Gründgens, as the model for the hero of his controversial novel, Mephisto , while more recent critics have emphasized its significance as a work of anti-Fascist literature. This essay seeks to resolve some of the apparent contradictions in Klaus Mann's motivation for writing Mephisto by viewing the novel primarily in the context of his life and career. Although Mephisto is the only political satire that Klaus Mann wrote, it is consistent with his life-long tendency to use autobiographical material as the basis for much of his plot and characterization. Mann transformed his ambivalent feelings about Gründgens, which long antedated the writing of Mephisto , into a unique work of fiction which simultaneously expresses his indignation over the moral bankruptcy of the Third Reich and reveals his envy of Gründgens's career successes.

  16. A Hashtag Worth a Thousand Words: Discursive Strategies Around #JeNeSuisPasCharlie After the 2015 Charlie Hebdo Shooting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Giglietto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Following a shooting attack by two self-proclaimed Islamist gunmen at the offices of French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo on 7 January 2015, there emerged the hashtag #JeSuisCharlie on Twitter as an expression of solidarity and support for the magazine’s right to free speech. Almost simultaneously, however, there was also #JeNeSuisPasCharlie explicitly countering the former, affirmative hashtag. Based on a multimethod analysis of 74,047 tweets containing #JeNeSuisPasCharlie posted between 7 and 11 January, this article reveals that users of the hashtag under study employed various discursive strategies and tactics to challenge the mainstream framing of the shooting as the universal value of freedom of expression being threatened by religious extremism, while protecting themselves from the risk of being viewed as disrespecting victims or endorsing the violence committed. The significance of this study is twofold. First, it extends the literature on strategic speech acts by examining how such acts take place in a social media context. Second, it highlights the need for a multidimensional and reflective methodology when dealing with data mined from social media.

  17. THE FORMS AND METHODS OF THE COMIC IN STORIES BY Z. KHAKIMOV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Венера Файзиевна Макарова

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the comic part in the Tatar story of the 1980s on the material of the analysis of short stories by young novelist Zulfat Hakim. It is noted that the comic in stories by Z. Khakimov is different with philosophicity. Analysis of the stories allows us to observe the transformation of traditional "household" conflicts into the grotesque model of the reality. In the stories the points of the changing plot collisions become the point of changing forms of laughter: humor becomes a satire or sarcasm, even irony. The irony is mixed with dramatic and tragic motives. There are interesting observations of the functioning in the writer's works such approaches as pastiche, science fiction, illogic, allegory, etc. In particular, on the analysis material of the story "The struggle in the Pacific ocean' it is revealed techniques such as playing with the myth of the man’s heroic struggle with nature, recreation of the grotesque model of the reality, typing of the characters. As a result of the skillful use of similar artistic techniques the comic stories become metatext about human nature in general.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-11-6

  18. Cyberpuppets:The Marxist discourse and the collision between the public and private sphere in Alex Rivera’s films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Suppia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze a possible Marxist discourse and how technologies of telepresence favor the collision of the public and private sphere in Alex Rivera’s films Why Cybraceros? and Sleep Dealer. Why Cybraceros? is a mockumentary based on the American Bracero Program, which was put in practice during World War II. This short film satirizes the 1940s American policy for foreign workers with the ideals of homeoffice working and remote technology, devising a tragicomic dystopia in which Mexican labourers are exploited in their own country. Sleep Dealer enhances this dystopia in a 2008 science fiction feature film. Regarded as a kind of “Latin American Matrix”, Sleep Dealer’s speculative dystopia sets further debates in terms of alienation, reification, global capital, the impact of technology on everyday life, and social relations mediated by technologies of telepresence. Thus, Sleep Dealer’s dystopia proposes the implosion of the individual, private sphere, in as much as the working time invades the personal time for intimacy, leisure and cultural practices. Memories can be exploited as merchandise, whereas misery and violence are sold as mass entertainment

  19. Tommaso Pincio and the paper world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Zangrilli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ottavio Tondi, the main character of Tommaso Pincio’s last novel, Panorama (NN Editore, 2015, works as a literary consultant for influential publishing houses. Described as an isolated person, epitome of the intellectual-writer able to see his own crisis and, so far, the crisis of his historic moment, Ottavio oscillates between the distant relationship with a woman, Ligeia, whom he doesn’t know in person, and his resigned rejection of life in society, trying to remain, as a new Don Quixote, as a “pure reader”. Offering a critical view of trending writers, of those vain and egoistic “divos” always in the heart of mass media, the novel builds up a very large number of topics, such as the reflection about reading considered as a mythic, intimate and sacred ritual, as well as the limits of translation, an incisive satire of the nowadays journalism or the condition of our decadent society, in the hands of an alienating and impersonal technology that have finally changed personal relationships through the use of online social networking services.

  20. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ciné club

    2014-01-01

    On the occasion of CERN’s 60th anniversary the CERN CinéClub will be showing films from all CERN member states. Thursday 9 October 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Beresina or The Last Days of Switzerland Directed by Daniel Schmid Switzerland, 1999, 106 minutes   Beresina, or the Last Days of Switzerland chronicles the story of Irina, a Russian call girl arriving in Switzerland, whose innocent attempt to live the high life there triggers unintended coup d'etat in the country. The title Beresina refers to the Beresinalied, a patriotic song used as the code for initiating the Putsch.  The film is a black comedy where all aspects of Swiss life are satirized in anecdotes. The heroine deals with a retired P-26 officer who appears as her false "sponsor" and various sexual perverts at the top of Swiss social hierarchy. Their attitudes to immigrants are also depicted ironically. Even the national identity and modern history of Switzerland are...

  1. Electrons in Flatland

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Allan

    2007-04-01

    Like the classical squares and triangles in Edwin Abbott's 19th century social satire and science fiction novel Flatland, electrons and other quantum particles behave differently when confined to a two-dimensional world. Condensed matter physicists have been intrigued and regularly suprised by two-dimensional electron systems since they were first studied in semiconductor field-effect-transistor devices over forty years ago. I will discuss some important milestones in the study of two-dimensional electrn systems, from the discoveries of the integer and fractional quantum Hall effects in the 1980's to recent quantum Hall effect work on quasiparticles with non-Abelian quantum statistics. Special attention will be given to a new electronic Flatland that has risen to prominence recently, graphene, which consists of a single sheet of carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice arrangement. Graphene provides a realization of two-dimensional massless Dirac fermions which interact via nearly instantaneous Coulomb interactions. Early research on graphene has demonstrated yet again that Flatland exceeds expectations.

  2. The starter of Cervantes’s El juez de los Divorcios, and other pobres y pobras malcasados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique López Martínez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work I survey some of the literary referents, mainly from XVIth Century, that may have served as models for Miguel de Cervantes’ short piece The Divorce Court Judge. Among the first important drama precedents are Cristóbal de Castillejo’s Farsa de la Costanza and some pieces by Lope de Rueda, where we find the comical representation of conjugal struggles. However, prose has also a very important role in the development of many of the motives seen in the cervantine work, such as the satire of marriage, and principally the description of the grumpy ill-married woman; this is what we find for example in the Arcipreste de Talavera and the works of Antonio de Guevara and Pedro de Luján. In Cervantes’ time, these themes are reformulated in plays like the Entremés de los huevos, Barrionuevo’s Triunfo de los coches or Guillén de Castro’s Los malcasados de Valencia; and, after the publication of Cervantes’ piece, in Salas Barbadillo´s El descasamentero and in the anonymous Hospital de los malcasados. With this study we can better identify many of the literary elements that Cervantes imitates from former traditions, and it becomes clear the essentially comical nature of the play.

  3. Experimental activity on the definition of acceptance criteria for the ITER divertor plasma facing components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Escourbiac, F. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Lez Durance (France)], E-mail: frederic.escourbiac@cea.fr; Constans, S. [SOM Ortec, Marseille (France); Vignal, N.; Cantone, V.; Richou, M.; Durocher, A. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Lez Durance (France); Riccardi, B. [Fusion For Energy, Barcelona (Spain); Bobin, I.; Jouvelot, J.L. [AREVA-NP, Le Creusot (France); Merola, M. [ITER Organization, Cadarache (France)

    2009-06-15

    Tens of thousands of armor/heat sink joints will be produced by the industry during the manufacturing of ITER divertor PFC, statistically, there is a probability that joints with defects be delivered. The purpose of this paper is to study the detection and evolution during operation of calibrated defects artificially implemented on samples, as an experimental basis for the definition of acceptance criteria for the bond armor/heat sink in the frame of industrial manufacturing conditions.It was found that current CFC monoblock design option was compatible with the heat loads specified at the lower part of the vertical target (up to 20 MW/m{sup 2}), including the presence of armor/heat sink defects (up to 50 deg. extension for a location at 0 deg. or 45 deg.) detectable with NDE techniques developed in Europe (US, SATIR). The current W monoblock design appeared suitable for the upper part of the vertical target with defects extension up to 50 deg. but is not adapted for heat flux of 20 MW/m{sup 2}. The studied W flat tile design proved to be compatible with fluxes of 5 MW/m{sup 2} but unable to sustain cycling fluxes of 10 MW/m{sup 2}.

  4. [Aspects of senile dementia in ancient Rome: literary fiction and factual reality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moog, Ferdinand Peter; Schäfer, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Old people and their pecularities have been the object of writers since the beginning of Western literature. The aim of this study is to verify the social and juridical significance of senile dementia in ancient Rome. Among the few relevant sources the 10th satire of Juvenal attracts attention. It describes a demented patient who revises his succession in favour of a lady with bad reputation. Logically, we wonder whether such dispositions were possible and after all legally binding. Or did Juvenal exaggerate? A look at the Roman legislation shows: Since the Twelve Tablet Law there were instruments to control or to help demented people. This meant care in the sense of the today's curatorship or guardianship. These measures were supposed to prevent extravagancy or doing business and legal acts like marriages or last wills in the state of diminished responsibility. Nevertheless, it must be assumed that there was a considerable discrepancy between juridical theory and daily practice, because the position of the "pater familias" was virtually untouchable, the individual freedom of the full citizen was firmly underlined and the Roman civil law allowed only little executive interferences. Juvenal's bizarre example should not only be taken as good literary fiction. It might reflect the sad, but nevertheless probable reality of the people directly concerned. Apart from that it has to be said that senile dementia played only a minor role in Roman legislation. Mainly because there were considerably less very old people--and in particular people with senile dementia--than today.

  5. La sinagoga del barrio de Caleros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Passini, Jean

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to achieve a better understanding of R. Šelomoh bar Re'ubén Bonafed’s diwan and the influences it received especially from literary works of a non-
    Hebrew origin. This is made through a comparative study between the satirical and invecttive texts written in the classical period of the Hebrew-Spanish literature and those written in Romance language in the 14th and 15th centuries.

    El presente artículo trata de ahondar en el estudio de la obra recogida en el diwan de R. Šelomó bar Re'ubén Bonafed mediante un análisis literario de la sátira y la invectiva que se encuentran en sus textos en prosa. Se pretende, de este modo, comprender mejor la obra de Bonafed y sus influencias, sobre todo las externas a la tradición hebrea, a través de un estudio comparativo entre la sátira y la invectiva cultivadas en la época cl��sica de la literatura hispanohebrea y la que se producía en lengua romance en los ss. XIV y SV.

  6. La sátira y la invectiva en el diwan de R. Šelomó bar Reubén Bonafed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prats Oliván, Arturo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to achieve a better understanding of R. Šelomoh bar Reuben Bonafed’s diwan and the influences it received especially from literary works of a non-Hebrew origin. This is made through a comparative study between the satirical and invecttive texts written in the classical period of the Hebrew-Spanish literature and those written in Romance language in the 14th and 15th centuries.El presente artículo trata de ahondar en el estudio de la obra recogida en el diwan de R. Šelomó bar Reubén Bonafed mediante un análisis literario de la sátira y la invectiva que se encuentran en sus textos en prosa. Se pretende, de este modo, comprender mejor la obra de Bonafed y sus influencias, sobre todo las externas a la tradición hebrea, a través de un estudio comparativo entre la sátira y la invectiva cultivadas en la época clásica de la literatura hispanohebrea y la que se producía en lengua romance en los ss. XIV y XV.

  7. “Con ojos americanos” y el cañamazo del “Lazarillo” (Un ejemplo de intertextualidad creativa / "With American Eyes" and the canvas of "Lazarillo" (An example of creative intertextuality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Martínez Ferrer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: este artículo pretende mostrar las concomitancias de diversa índole entre la novela Con ojos americanos y El Lazarillo de Tormes. Esos puntos de contacto, abundantes, se interpretan como resultado de un ejercicio de intertextualidad creativa. Afectan al punto de vista narrativo, la primera persona, como eje vertebrador de la narración, a la intención satírica y a otros materiales menudos del entramado narrativo. El protorrelato picaresco del Lazarillo sería el cañamazo sobre el que se dibuja, compleja y original, una andadura narrativa llena de humor e incitaciones, que provoca la sonrisa y la reflexión.Abstract: This article shows the concommittances of various sorts between the novel With American Eyes and Lazarillo de Tormes. Such points of contact, abundant, are interpreted as the result of an exercise in creative intertextuality. They concern the narrative point of view, the first person, as the backbone of the narrative, the satirical intention and other tiny materials of the narrative framework. The picaresque “protorrelato” of Lazarillo would be the canvas on which it is drawn, complex and original, a narrative journey full of humor and incitements, which brings a smile and reflection.

  8. Golden Jubilee Photos: Theorists at play

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Alvaro De Rújula and John Ellis, two of the best-known theorists at CERN, on stage for the 1983 Theory Division play. The stereotype of theoretical physicists has them with their heads in the clouds. But CERN theorists have turned this notion on its head with their annual satirical plays. The first, in 1978, poked fun at the conflict between two competing groups who wanted the chance to perform the second experiment with the then-new Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). Theorist John Ellis, who has been involved with most of the plays over the years, says the theorists "came up with the idea of defusing the tension by having the play." Each year, they base the play on a theme or symbol that will resonate with people from any culture. This first play was loosely based on l'Escalade, Geneva's annual celebration of having repelled the Duke of Savoy's attack in 1602. In the 1980s they staged "CERN lake," inspired by the ballet "Swan Lake"-and by the problems in digging the Large Electron Positron (LEP) collider's tu...

  9. The Indecisive Feminist: Study of Anne Sexton's Revisionist Fairy Tales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Fayidh Mohammed

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Fairy tales to female writers are major resource for their abundant writings, but for the feminist poets since 1960s, they become essential subject matter to often deal with in their literary production. With the motivation to address the conventional tradition of patriarchal society, and re-address the stereotype females inhabiting these tales, feminist writers set upon revealing the underlying sub-context of these tales, presenting them with more adult-suited themes. Anne Sexton's Transformation is a pioneering revision of Grimm's fairy tales in which the poet does not only satirize the patriarchal society she grew up in, but she also rejects the female stereotype that her upbringing intended her to be. In the following paper, the feminist messages which Sexton's fairy tales intended to deliver are examined to reveal the poet's position concerning feminism and her relationship with female role-models and the male figures she presents in her fairy tales. Keywords: Anne Sexton, feminism, fairy tales, revisionism, postmodernist poetry, Transformations

  10. Britannia : Grandeur et infortune d’une allégorie nationale dans l’univers du cartoon britannique 1842-1999 Britannia: Greatness and Misfortune of a National Symbol in the World of British Cartoons 1842-1999

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    Gilbert Millat

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Britannia, sometimes accompanied by the emblematic British Lion, has long been personifying justice, liberty, and the British Empire on coins and stamps as well as in graphic satire. Originally of Roman origin, she became the visual representation of Britain after being revived in the sixteenth century. This article is based on the analysis of over four hundred cartoons featuring this symbol. It argues that between 1860 and the 1950s, Britannia striking a solemn pose, that of the Græco-Roman goddess created by Tenniel, exalted Victorian greatness and the early twentieth century great power twice victorious in the World Wars. On the other hand, since the inter-war years, Low and his followers had been challenging this supposedly immutable image. They turned her into a definitely helpless and obsolete symbol whose identity was sometimes usurped by such anti-heroes as Colonel Blimp. Finally, from the 1960s, in a context of continuous British decline and growing permissiveness, cartoonists increasingly followed the example of the old masters of 18th century caricature and early Punch cartoonists, even though aggressiveness and vulgarity have remained much less explicit.

  11. Utopia e distopia nella prosa di Vladimir Odoevsky. Alcuni indizi nelle opere giovanili

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    Adalgisa Mingati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Utopia and Dystopia in V.F. Odoevsky's Fiction: some Clues in his Early Writing In Russian literature utopia and dystopia are often tightly interwoven. Also in the work of V.F. Odoevsky (1804-1869 some texts commonly defi ned as ‘utopian’ are in fact intertwined with a dark irony that seemingly leaves very little room for hope. However, Odoevsky’s dystopias should never be taken literally, on the contrary it is necessary to consider the specifi c cultural context in which they are placed, i.e., the paradoxical debate inspired by Menippean satire. The purpose of this paper is to identify in the writer’s two early texts, The Old People, or The Isle of Panchaia (1824 and Two Days in the Life of the Terrestrial Globe (1828, the presence of narrative elements which can be attributed to the utopian/dystopian topos and to define their principal features and probable derivative texts. In so doing, all the clues indispensable for an exhaustive reconstruction of the artistic process will be brought together, a process which, at the end of the 1830s, led to the genesis of two of Odoevsky’s famous dystopias set in the frame novel Russian Nights (1844, i.e, The Last Suicide and The City Without a Name (first published in 1839, as well as the unfinished The Year 4338 (1835-40.

  12. Resistance and Sovereignty in Some Recent Australian Indigenous Women’s Novels

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    Carole Ferrier

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2016v69n2p17 In Australia, powerful stories expressing resistance to a white, postcolonising hegemony continue to be articulated in Indigenous women’s fictional texts, including those from the 1990s onwards that are discussed in this paper. Their particular historically-distinctive mode of satire or irony challenges postcolonising regimes and institutions, the legacy of colonialism, and the persisting dominance of whiteness. These more recent texts continue a central preoccupation of the earlier fiction by Indigenous women with the achievement of agency in contexts of unequal social and economic  power; marginalised characters engage with current questions and conditions. The paper considers how these fictions represent some aspects of Aboriginal separation from land and place; separation from families; outsider and outcast identities, and how far these continue to mean disempowerment; Indigenous people’s epistemological relationships with their land and bodies of water, and the question of sovereignty in relation to Country and environment.

  13. The cult of amphioxus in German Darwinism; or, our gelatinous ancestors in Naples' blue and balmy bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopwood, Nick

    2015-01-01

    Biologists having rediscovered amphioxus, also known as the lancelet or Branchiostoma, it is time to reassess its place in early Darwinist debates over vertebrate origins. While the advent of the ascidian-amphioxus theory and challenges from various competitors have been, documented, this article offers a richer account of the public appeal of amphioxus as a primitive ancestor. The focus is on how the 'German Darwin' Ernst Haeckel persuaded general magazine and newspaper readers to revere this "flesh of our flesh and blood of our blood", and especially on Das neue Laienbrevier des Haeckelismus (The new lay breviary of Haeckelism) by Moritz Reymond with cartoons by Fritz Steub. From the late 1870s these successful little books of verse introduced the Neapolitan discoveries that made the animal's name and satirized Haeckel's rise as high priest of its cult. One song is reproduced and translated here, with a contemporary "imitation" by the Canadian palaeontologist Edward John Chapman, and extracts from others. Predating the American "It's a long way from amphioxus" by decades, these rhymes dramatize neglected 'species politics' of Darwinism and highlight the roles of humour in negotiating evolution.

  14. DID WE IGNORE THE SOCIAL COMMENTARY? RESPONDING TO BORAT ON YOUTUBE

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    Mārtiņš Kaprāns

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ever since the fictitious Kazakh journalist Borat Sagdiyev became an icon of contemporary popular culture, many questions have arisen about the reception of Borat by the general public. Namely, how have common people created a shared representation of Borat? And how is this complicated character and comedic manner undertaken by Sacha Baron Cohen being deciphered? These questions are crucial for understanding the challenges and constraints of social satire that exploits ethnically and stylistically sophisticated identity. To address these questions, which surely could be asked about other international media products as well, this article deals with the reception of Borat the character on YouTube. In particular, the viewers' reaction to the YouTube video titled "The Best of Borat" is analysed. This video has been viewed more than seven million times and commented on more than seven thousand times. The conceptual framework of this analysis is derived from the theory of social representations postulated by Serge Moscovici. In line with this theory two main dimensions - anchoring and objectification - are explored in order to understand how shared or divergent knowledge of Borat is created. Thus the basic socio-cognitive processes behind Borat are revealed. The results suggest that anchoring of Borat is embedded in national identification discourse, whereas objectification differentiates people according to their sense of humour. Likewise, some implications of Borat's reception for participatory culture and civic engagement are outlined.

  15. Zamyatin's We and the Idea of the Dystopie

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    Margaret Lael Mikesell

    1982-09-01

    Full Text Available An examination of We clarifies conventions for the dystopic novel even as it reveals that We transcends those conventions. Under the surface text, which presents a narrative of political and "romantic" struggle, lie subtexts exploring the personal and ideological implications of the conflict between reason and emotion. Analysis of these texts, seen in a New Comedy framework informed by elements of irony and romance, demonstrates that on every level the novel fails to reach comic resolution. Moreover, it is this very failure that marks the departure of We from the conventions of the dystopic novel. Like Brave New World and 1984 , We contains satire and an obvious dystopia. However, it does not contain the other convention defining the genre—a recognizable and accessible moral norm. Rather, it depicts two dysfunctional Utopian systems in conflict. In transcending the conventions of the dystopic novel and in offering only partial resolution outside of its own flawed and mutually exclusive worlds, We explores the contradictions of the "modern" experience.

  16. Media and their world views. The meaning anchored in dialogic discursive strategies

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    Mirta Clara Echevarría, Ph.D.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work addresses, conceptually and analytically, the discursive strategies that are based on intertextuality and interdiscursivity (parody, satire, irony and others, in order to gain a better understanding of their meaning. This meaning, which is reflected on significant elements –located, in a first-level, as “texts” (Verón- is affected by the conditions of production, circulation, reproduction and recognition. The analysis shows how certain digital publications in Argentina set a reading contract through the construction of author and reader images; how they absorb and transform socio-historical situations, and how, at the same time, re(produce assessments which can become part of the social imaginary. Communication, being a culturally configured process, sets in motion a complex exchange of relationships, differentiations, and combinations of what is said and what is not said. The methodological approach of this article is eclectic and adapts methodologies used in discourse analysis, semiotics, sociology of literature, and literary theory.

  17. «La orgía periodística»: prensa y cultura política En el Cuzco durante la joven república

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    Walker, Charles F.

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the Cuzco press in the early republic, 1820-1840. Contradicting the interpretation of the caudillo period as senseless militarism, it demonstrates the need to take the era’s ideological battles seriously. Liberals and Conservatives arduously debated in newspapers and pamphlets, presenting their programs and emphasizing their discrepancies. Despite the predominance of personal attacks and satire, the press had a political content that shaped postcolonial struggles and influenced the development of Peruvian literature.

    Este artículo examina la prensa en Cuzco a comienzos de la república, 1820-1840. En contraste con la interpretación del caudillismo como un militarismo sin sentido, demuestra la necesidad de revalorizar las luchas ideológicas de estos años. Liberales y conservadores debatían arduamente en periódicos y folletos, presentando sus plataformas y enfatizando sus discrepancias. A pesar del predominio de ataques personales y la sátira, la prensa tuvo un importante contenido político que pesó en los conflictos post-coloniales e influyó en el desarrollo de la literatura peruana.

  18. Funkce výrazu παρρησία a charakteristické příklady jeho uplatnění v homiliích Jana Chrýsostoma na Skutky apoštolů

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    Jiří Pavlík

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article consists of two parts. In the first one, it surveys usage of the word παρρησία and its verbal derivatives from the beginning in the late 5th century BC to the New Testament times. It deals with the political function of the expression in the Athenian democracy, with its subsequent shift to the private sphere and its value in the Hellenistic philosophy, and finally, with its satiric dimension. Then, it indicates some modification of its usage in the Septuagint and other works of Hellenistic Judaism and examines the meanings of the word in individual works of the New Testament. In the second part, the article illustrates how John Chrysostom used the expression in his 55 homilies on the Acts of the Apostles. It concentrates on the instances where the commentator exploited the classical meaning of the word, which refers to the frankness of public speech as well as to the use of frank speech in admonishing ethical discourse. These occurrences exemplify the influence of Chrysostom’s secular rhetorical education to his exegetical perspective.

  19. Subtitle Overlooked: Madame Bovary and the Dictionary of Accepted Ideas

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    Ignac Fock

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article is an intertextual study of Flaubert’s novel Madame Bovary and his fragmentary, posthumously published work Dictionary of Accepted Ideas. By listing examples of thematic parallelisms as well as those in formulation, the author proves the presence of certain sociological, historical and literary patterns which are, almost theoretically, concretized as accepted ideas in the Dictionary whereas in a novelistic form, they shape a kind of “social scenery”, paraphrased also by the subtitle of Madame Bovary: Patterns of Provincial Life. He consequently warns that Madame Bovary is not (merely a novel about Emma Bovary whose story is, furthermore, given a meaning, if not even justified, only by the mentioned patterns of provincial life. In Flaubert’s work, conceptualisation and literarisation of the “universally acknowledged” are simultaneous and no temporal priority can thus be discussed. However, in Madame Bovary it is precisely under the form of social scenery that is reproduced the concise satire of the Dictionary, the latter being therefore perceived by the author as a cross section and a synthesis of the novelist’s entire work as well as a complementary reading to this particular novel.

  20. A play´s libretto “Sami”. The invention of evil. A Halloween tale

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    Carlos Bernardo González León

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In an atmosphere of comedy, satire and play, we go through the most significant celestial event in the Western religious view on the myth of creation of the Universe, and the celestial battle between Luzbel who, out of pride, rebelled against God, desiring to be like him, and was expelled from heaven by the Archangel Michael as a punishment, along with the army of rebellious angels who were dragged by him (a group of innocent cherubim, being known from that time as the Fallen Angel: Bearer of Light; this is, the logos (who delivers the wisdom and the fire to men; but also becomes the supreme archetype of the Rebel, the first universal separatist and autonomist, for the sake of freedom and anarchy. And is in this polarisation of the medieval mind that appears what we know as evil: an invention of human culture. Here the classic characters of the Middle Ages are reinterpreted: God, the Death, demons, angels and cherubim, are mixed with classic Celtic spirits, fairies, witches, and Merlin, coinciding with the naturalistic and ecological spirit of the ";;new age” in a fun recreation of this ultimate contradiction.

  1. Alain Chartier and the death of lyric language

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    Helen J. Swift

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The fifteenth-century poet Alain Chartier uses the courtly contexts of his lyric, narrative and debate poems as enabling fictions to support his interrogation of the validity of courtly language and his metapoetic questioning of the rhetoric of his own, inherited poetic discourse. This mise en question  is performed through several, interacting ironic strategies, which may most fruitfully be elucidated in terms of Linda Hutcheon's theory and politics of irony expounded in Irony's Edge (1994. Thus 'meta-ironically functioning signals', together with intertextual, 'relational' irony and the 'oppositional' irony constituted by his Belle Dame sans mercy's pro-ferninist discourse, articu­late Chartier's  esprit critique  regarding 'la,parole'  as both the general unit of human communica­tion and the specific resource of poetic creativity. A satirical reading of his ouvre enables us to appreciate how the rhetorical play in which Chartier engages functions as an indictment of the courtly code's hermeneutic disintegration: its obsolescence results from a divorce between ethics and aesthetics as its language has lost the capacity to mean.

  2. The power of laughter: humor, violence and consensus in New Spain. 17th and 18th centuries

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    Sonya Lipsett-Rivera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Joking and teasing permeated all aspects of life in New Spain. Using court records from Mexico City and its surrounding communities, this article explores the ways that laughter was deployed within New Spain’s culture of masculinity. Humor was both a means for to relate to each other but also to mark differences. It was a normal part of the day to day interactions of men in New Spain between friends who joked and teased but it could also fall flat when one person did not have the right tone. Yet the border between joking and insulting comments was imprecise and thus often led to conflicts. Laughter brought people together when they were of the same social class but when it was used in an offensive manner, it was transformed into a weapon to assert social distance. Such humor was also part of seductions and similarly had political overtones when it was used in satirical songs. Humor brought people together and created groups of insiders and outsiders. Laughter was a powerful tool within social interactions and provides an alternate way to understand the culture of masculinity in colonial Mexico.

  3. Varalica uzvraća pogled: rekonceptualizacija drugog u djelima suvremenog indijanskog umjetnika Jamesa Lune

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    Sanja Runtić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the use of humor in the work of Luiseno artist James Luna. Utilizing the media of performance, photography and installation, using himself as the object of representation, Luna has created a recognizable artistic style that addresses the complex issues of American Indian identity and representation. His installations The End of the Frail (1990-91 and The Artifact Piece (1987, 1990 both point at the constructed nature of Native identity. Whereas the former employs satire, self-stereotyping, parody and humor to expose and confront the colonial myths, distorted attitudes and pictographic representations of Native Americans, the latter addresses the issues of Native absence and invisibility in the dominant culture. Representing himself as an artifact to provoke laughter, shock and discomfort, in The Artifact Piece Luna clearly disclosed the relationship between Western institutions of knowledge and the culture of the spectacle. Both installations draw attention to the tie between imperialism and material forms of production and representation, indicating the still ongoing institutional investment in Native allegorization through commodification and scientific practices, the fact that even today Native American identity is compromised by the colonial discourse and its disciplinary practices and imagination. Using Bhabha’s concepts of mimicry and hybridity, Bakhtin’s theory of humor and Vizenor’s trickster holotrope, our analysis discusses the subversive potential of Luna’s auto-ethnographic project, its potential to deconstruct the meta-narratives of Otherness and colonization, and create new spaces for social dialogue and cultural survival.

  4. Buying blood diamonds and altering global capitalism. Mads Brügger as unruly artivist in The Ambassador

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    Camilla Møhring Reestorff

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that it is necessary to distinguish between different modalities of globalisation to ensure that we do not simply equate globalisation with global capitalism. Following this, this article conducts a study of the way in which Mads Brügger's documentary film The Ambassador challenges global inequality in relation to finance and mobility. This critique of global inequality is staged through a peculiar “unruly artivist” provocation. Mads Brügger fictionalises his character and over-identifies with the corrupt diplomat seeking to buy and trade blood diamonds. The film is unruly because it rejects any explicit ethical claims and norms of participation, thus reproducing the self-same patterns of inequality that it seeks to document. This article studies the film as an unruly documentary that applies satire, cartoon aesthetics, and culture jamming as its artivist strategy. This strategy is one of provocation. The provocation enters the mediatised public sphere, in which it simultaneously is condemned and works as a critique of the global mobility and financial inequality that it portrays.

  5. CineClub

    CERN Multimedia

    CineClub

    2014-01-01

      Thursday 28 August 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber   Benny’s Video   Directed by Michael Haneke Austria, 1992, 105 minutes A 14-year-old video enthusiast is so caught up in film fantasy that he can no longer relate to the real world, to such an extent that he commits murder and records an on-camera confession for his parents. Original version German; English subtitles Thursday 4 September 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Deflowering of Eva Van End Directed by Michiel Ten Horn Netherlands, 2012, 94 minutes In this perfect blend of satire and sincerity, a dysfunctional family gets turned on its head when the 'perfect' exchange student moves in. Every member of the van End family is preoccupied with his or her own peculiar fixation -be it father Evert's Skype relationship with a boy in Africa (seemingly his only functional relationship), or mother Etty's relentless tirades against her dope-dealing youngest son or ...

  6. My American Uncle, America Cries Uncle, and Other Fantastic Tales from France: Iegor Gran's Jeanne d'Arc fait tic-tac

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    Carolyn A. Durham

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Ella Shohat and Robert Stam's proposal that beliefs about nations often crystallize in the form of stories could serve as both summary and generative matrix for Jeanne d'Arc fait tic-tac . In keeping with a number of recent fictional works united by the attempt to understand French and American cultures in a comparative context, the first part of Iegor Gran's clever 2005 novel consists of eleven stories whose common focus on the danger represented by American culture for French national identity makes the second part of the novel, in which France declares war and invades the United States, almost inevitable. In the opening section of Jeanne d'Arc , Gran both rewrites the traditional folktale for a self-reflective postmodern age and revises and satirizes the conventions of fantastic literature. The primary comic strategy of the second half of the novel, constructed as a parody of the current American conflict in Iraq, pays homage to the most recent source of tension between the United States and France. Throughout the novel Gran caricatures French chauvinism and insularity as much as he mocks American arrogance and consumerism, and the metaphorical demise of the "oncle d’Amérique,” the specifically French version of the American dream, continually reminds us of the sheer power and pleasure of narrative.

  7. Spanish Prints from the Peninsular War: Propaganda, Commemoration and Testimony Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio

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    José Manuel MATILLA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Prints were a remarkable propaganda instrument during the Peninsular War. Since the mid 18th century the State had been encouraging the development of engraving and this favoured the existence of printmakers who satisfied the requirements of the market during these years. This market can be tracked thanks to the advertisements published in the periodical press. Production revolved around satire, portraits and narrative representations. As opposed to these mainly propagandistic prints, Francisco de Goya’s Disasters of War constitute a counterpoint in which the author offers a critical and personal point of view.Las estampas constituyeron un notable instrumento de propaganda durante la Guerra de la Independencia. La labor que el Estado había desarrollado desde mediados del siglo XVIII para el fomento del grabado favoreció la existencia de grabadores que satisficieron la demanda del mercado en estos años. Un mercado que es posible seguir gracias a los anuncios insertados en la prensa periódica. Sátiras, retratos y representaciones narrativas constituyen los tres ejes alrededor de los que gira esta producción. Frente a estas estampas de función eminentemente propagandística, los Desastres de la guerra de Francisco de Goya constituyen un contrapunto en el que el autor ofrece una visión crítica y personal.

  8. Bybelse inspirasie in die poësie van ’n Hugenoot: A. D ’A ubigné

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    M. J. H. du Plessis

    1981-03-01

    Full Text Available The origin of the “Tragiques” of Agrippa d'Auhigni is to be sought in the poet's personal involvement in the religious struggle of the late sixteenth century in France. He experiences as a sense of vocation the need to give poetic expression to the struggle as seen from the Huguenot point of view. The “Tragiques”, an epic in seven books, portrays not only the historical events, but is also polemical and satirical in nature, where the Catholic Church is represented as the enemy of the nation, the handmaiden of Satan. 7 his reformatory epic therefore has as historical basis the religious wars which hare to be interpreted analogically with the experiences of the nation of Israel in the Old Testament. It is an application and interpretation of biblical events in terms of contemporary events. The central theme is the reformatory concept of "... go away, leave Babylon'’ (Luther, added to the promise of a promised land (the promise to A braham in Genesis 15. The Huguenot becomes the elect, the one who has to bring the message oj salvation, and he is the one who has been granted mercy as the bearer of the Scriptures as the only Way to Christ. In this message the author is like the biblical prophet who has to translate the word into action, and the poetry springs from his own experience in the midst of the struggle.

  9. Gender, Race, Mobility and Performance in James McBride’s The Good Lord Bird

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    Yuan-Chin Chang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In The Good Lord Bird, Onion’s gender passing and performance can be seen as fluid and transparent. Performance, mobility, fluid and constant change are themes and currents throughout the novel. The dramatic narrative feeds off tensions arising from race and gender and the ways in which related identities are experienced and performed. The current paper examines factors relating to performativity and identity in terms of race; in the case of Onion’s narrative these inform a specific kind of understanding of a social and geographical situation that requires subversion. Through humor and satire, McBride creastes a powerful work with contemporary resonances. The drama of the novel is based on concepts of performativity and identity, and the understanding represented by the symbol of the “Good Lord” bird in the novel. McBride wrote the novel for a contemporary audience, knowing that they would be attuned to such issues surrounding racial performance and racial identity. In a way, the unusual literary depiction of a self-identified male who inhabits a female performed identity throughout the novel can be seen as McBride’s comment on the ridiculousness of a binary system of racial categorization as used since the slavery era. Using theories from Lacan, Butler and Bhabha, the current work examines the plurality and hybridity of performed identities in The Good Lord Bird as they relate to understanding.

  10. Pašaipiosios Lucilijaus epigramos. The Scoptic Epigrams of Lucillius

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    Audronė Kudulytė-Kairienė

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Scoptic epigram, as a specific subgenre of Greek literature, flourished in the Roman Empire in the first century A. D. The most outstanding Greek poet of scoptic epigram was Lucillius, the epigrammatist of the first century A. D. Lucillius wrote for his protector Nero and tried to follow the taste of the emperor. His poems are based on jokes, poking fun, anecdotes. He ridiculed faults of people, made attacks on the short­comings of the body, wrote parodies of dedicatory epigrams, etc. The stylistic and linguistic features of some epigrams on physical faults of people, on athletes, on women, etc. are analyzed in this article (more than 20 epigrams are translated into Lithuanian for the first time. A conclusion is made that the routes of the poetry of Lucillius can be found in the iambic poetry, in the old comedy as well as in the poetry of Theocritus. Parody, irony and exaggeration helped Lucillius to ridicule the epigrams of his predecessors and to satirize the world in which he lived. Despite the obviously hyperbolic nature his epigrams throw some flashlight on the social and cultural life context of the Roman Empire.

  11. Juegos dialògicos del discurso cervantino: la palabra de los clàsicos antiguos

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    Lìa Schwartz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cervantes' narrative discourse was built according to the new rhetorical practices that developed since the Renaissance. Thus, his work reads as a model of the artistic options that he appropriated in the realms of fiction, drama and satire. In the imitatio of classical genres, Cervantes practices contaminatio with other models typical of his age – from pastoral to the Greek novel, from books of chivalry to Boccaccio's novella. The same method is applied to the construction of each genre's discourse, in which he combines expressions taken from his sources with rhetorical devices of his own creation. This method was learned in school. It included the recopilation of ancient dicta, which students memorized or copied in their codices excerptorii. Future professional writers would have at hand a first repertory of topoi, sententiae, exempla, aphorisms and apothegms, which led authors in the realms of elocutio and inventio. These citations of the antiqui auctores were also important from an ideological point of view, since they transmitted their ideas about the universe, the human body, the spirit or human emotions, which were understood as universals at the time. In this paper are analyzed from this perspective several sections of the Quijote, of the Galatea, of some Exemplary Novel or the Persiles, which also confirm Cervantes's familiarity with the many classical works that he personally read.

  12. Parody: Affective Registers, Amateur Aesthetics and Intellectual Property

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    Esther Milne

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal.dotm 0 0 2010-05-25T16:16:00Z 2012-02-29T16:51:00Z 1 124 709 The University Of Melbourne 5 1 870 12.0 0 false 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false If contemporary media platforms transform and conflate the relations between professional and amateur creative workers, what might we say about the specificity of their vernacular? This article argues that parody is a key site for the articulation of amateur labour enabled by new patterns of networked production and consumption. Despite its utopian promise of free speech, however, the parodic form is tempered by economic and legal exigencies. Therefore, the essay particularly investigates legislative and policy frameworks that constrain parody discourse. Amendments in 2006 to the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth, for example, introduced parody and satire defences allowing greater scope for social critique. Yet recent US legislation preventing online impersonation (such as mock twitter accounts raises crucial questions about the public domain.

  13. Adolescent Perceptions of Animation Violence as an Indication of Aggressive Attitudes and Behaviors

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    Rosemary V. Barnett

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This reported study was designed to examine the beliefs and perceptions of adolescents on whether or not viewing violence on television contributes to an increase in adolescents’ abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. It also explored the effects humor and satire used in the animated television series The Simpsons has on adolescents’ abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. Finally, it examined to what extent the violence portrayed in The Simpsons was believed to be realistic and justified by adolescents viewing the show. Results indicate that adolescents were not affected by the violence they observed in The Simpsons animation: Further, they did not feel that it was acceptable for their favorite characters to use violence to solve problems. Youth did not have reactions to viewing the series that were violent, nor did they report becoming aggressive in response to viewing the violence on the The Simpsons. While the majority of the youth also reported that they did not use violence to solve a problem, 3.3% reported that they did. Overall, the study concluded that adolescents’ exposure to violent content by viewing it in animation in The Simpsons did not affect adolescents’ perceptions of their abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. Youth did not perceive that the violence portrayed was realistic.

  14. Micromégas: Altered Body-Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body-environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme - popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children's literature and philosophical satire - reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire's Micromégas, Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Caroll's Alice, and Matheson's The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space.

  15. ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS REGARDING THE USE AND ABUSE OF IRONY

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    LIVIU IULIAN COCEI

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the ethical implications concerning the use of irony is not an easy task. Even though there are notable differences between the various ironical expressions, it looks like irony in general plays with people’s emotions. Ironically, it seems that it gets them together and pulls them apart at the same time. Thus, whether we refer to philosophical or rhetorical irony, it is hard to say when is it morally right to turn into ridicule. Therefore, in this paper, considering Linda Hutcheon`s view on the edge of irony and Richard Rorty`s neo-pragmatist philosophy, we analyze the moral limits of ironization. We emphasize that, in some cases, the difference between the use and the abuse of irony is cancelled, the limit between innocent irony and real offence being almost inexistent. For this reason, we claim that irony is acceptable only in a culture that is opened to all ironic modalities, such as satire, parody, caricature, pamphlet and even humor.

  16. Polémicos privilegios: dos versiones de la primera sátira conocida en contra de los conversos

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    Carpenter, Dwayne E.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The anti-Converso literature of the 15th century is noteworthy for its variety of genres –prose treatises, sermons, satirical poetry, allegories, etc.–, but what unites all of these works is their intent to mock individuals or vilify conversos as a whole. While most of these works convey their hostility in crude, stereotypical fashion, a few are distinguished by their clever form, a rhetorical cloak designed to conceal the morally repugnant sentiments contained in these texts. Among the latter is a curious, unedited document entitled Privilege that King Juan II granted to a man named Hernando, one of his favored, to become a marrano, even though he was not one by birth. The 18th-century manuscript –“copied by hand from an old book”– is housed in the Royal Library of Madrid, and satirizes not only conversos but also patents of nobility. It is here edited for the first time. A work belonging to the same tradition, Transcript of a letter of privilege that King Juan II granted to a hidalgo, is found in two manuscripts in the National Library of Madrid. The editorial misfortunes it has suffered over more than a century warrant its publication here in a reliable edition.

    La literatura anticonversa del siglo XV se destaca por su diversidad genérica –tratados en prosa, sermones, sátiras poéticas, alegorías, etc.–, pero todas estas obras coinciden en su finalidad de ridiculizar individuos o envilecer la colectividad conversa. Mientras que la mayor parte de estos escritos expresan su animadversión de forma tosca y estereotipada, algunos se distinguen por su forma ingeniosa de diatriba, cobijo retórico que pretende disfrazar los sentimientos moralmente repugnantes que abarcan. Entre ellos se encuentra un curioso documento inédito llamado Privilegio del rey don Juan Segundo concedido a un hombre llamado Hernando, privado suyo, para ser marrano, aunque no lo era por nacimiento, texto

  17. Genres, généricité et processus de création littéraire dans un journal arabe du début du xxe siècle : al‑Šabāb de Maḥmūd Bayram al‑Tūnisī Literary Creation and Genres in an Arab Periodical at the Beginning of the 20th Century: Al‑Shabab of Mahmûd Bayram al‑Tûnisī על יצירתן של סוגות ספרותיות בכתב עת ערבי בראשית המאה העשרים: אל-שבאב בעריכת מחמוד בייראם אל-טוניסי

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    Ophélie Arroues

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Maḥmūd Bayram al‑Tūnisῑ (1893-1961, auteur d’origine tunisienne né en Égypte, fut l’un des acteurs marquants de la Nahḍa journalistique. Il contribua par ses nombreuses publications dans la presse égyptienne et tunisienne au développement de la littérature dialectale et participa au double mouvement d’iḥyā’ et d’iqtibās par la réappropriation de la maqāma et l’écriture de nouvelles. Cet auteur a fondé, rédigé et publié presque à lui seul le journal satirique illustré al‑Šabāb (« La Jeunesse », octobre 1936-mars 1937 lors de son second exil en Tunisie (1932-1937. À partir de textes plus spécifiquement littéraires qui y furent publiés, nous étudierons l’influence du médium sur l’élection de certains genres comme la maqāma et la « littérature d’utopie ». En nous appuyant sur une analyse des dynamiques d’intertextualité et de contamination générique dans le corpus, nous montrerons comment se construisent de nouvelles formes de discours. Nous verrons également comment l’imbrication des écritures journalistique et littéraire fonde un lien étroit entre genres – anciens ou modernes – et spécificités d’une littérature sociale et engagée et, enfin, comment la démarche satirique du journal se reflète dans la réappropriation parodique à des fins critiques de la tradition littéraire.Maḥmūd Bayram al‑Tūnisῑ (1893-1961, an Egyptian born author of Tunisian origin, was one of the prominent actors of the journalistic Nahḍa. He greatly contributed to the development of dialectal literature through his publications in the Egyptian and Tunisian press and he participated in the double movement of ’iḥyā’ and ’iqtibā’ by re-appropriating the maqāma genre and by the writing of short stories. During his second exile in Tunisia (1932-1937, Bayram founded, wrote and published the illustrated, satirical newspaper al‑Šabāb (The Youth, 1936-1937 almost

  18. "¡Y NO SE RÍEN DE ESTE LESO PORQUE ES DUEÑO DE MILLONES!": EL ASEDIO CÓMICO Y POPULAR DE JUAN RAFAEL ALLENDE A LA BURGUESÍA CHILENA DEL SIGLO XIX

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    Maximiliano Salinas Campos

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La historia de las elites decimonónicas ha sido contada como la historia de un Olimpo tan elevado e inalcanzable como serio. Juan Rafael Allende logró en el mismo siglo XIX crear un mundo paralelo si no alternativo que derribó tanta sospechosa sublimidad. El gran autor satírico se hizo cargo del habla histórica de la plebe chilena que provenía en alguna medida de la Picaresca española de los siglos XVI y XVII con su anticlericalismo y su anticapitalismo visceral y carnavalesco. Prolongando este mundo al siglo XIX Allende lo convirtió en una dinamita contra la gravedad del Estado y del Mercado `en forma'. En particular, fueron atacados insignes representantes de la burguesía chilena como Eduardo Matte, Manuel José Irarrázaval, Agustín Edwards, Julio Zegers o Federico Varela. Ellos habían creado una nueva religión del dinero que Allende se apresuró a denunciar como una burda parodia del Dios cristiano. Había nacido en el país un nuevo credo, el "credo de los salitreros". El origen del pensamiento satírico de Allende tiene larguísimas raíces de las que no podemos obviar, además de la mencionada Picaresca, la tradición de la España hispano-árabe, que se rió de ricos y magnates en el mejor espíritu del Libro del Buen Amor y sus antecedentes musulmanesThe history of Chile's 19th-century elites has been narrated as an Olympian story: lofty, unreachable and grave. During the same century, writer Juan Rafael Allende managed to create a parallel, if not alternative world which demolished such suspect sublimity. The great satiric author appropriated Chile´s historic plebeian speech, somehow descended from the Spanish picaresque of the 16th and 17th centuries, adopting its visceral and carnival-like anti-clericalism and anti-capitalism. Projecting this mode into the 19th century, Allende turned it into a weapon to be used against the gravitas of the formal Market and State. In particular, his attacks were leveled against renowned

  19. Andrej Belyj. Sinfonia (2-a, la drammatica. E il tempo scorreva senza sosta…

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    Giuseppina Giuliano

    2016-05-01

    meaning, a satirical meaning, and a symbolic ideological meaning».  The «musical meaning» inspires the author in splitting the Symphony «into parts, the parts into fragments, and the fragments into verses (musical phrases», thus creating a new literary genre, which combines prose and poetry, and emphasizes the mystic, satirical and grotesque content of the work. This mix of prose and poetry is also typical of the novel Petersburg. In the Dramatic Symphony Bely was targeting groups of mystics operating in the early 1900’s in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. He openly mentions or covertly alludes to actual protagonists of the literary, artistic and philosophical Russian society: Vladimir Solovyov (1853-1900, Dmitry Merezhkovsky (1865-1941 and others. Strictly autobiographical themes are presented in form of grotesque and hyperbolic images, alternating with moments of great lyrical tension. The «musical meaning» is also linked to the particular conception of time through which the plot of Bely’s Symphony is developed. At the beginning, a whole day passes by very slowly; then time speeds up and the plot goes through several months and seasons. At the end of the work we are back to where we started, like in a dramatic cycle. This method is well summarized in one of the leitmotive of the work: «And the time flowed without stopping, and the passage of time reflected the Eternity misty».

  20. Les dissidentes baptistes à travers les livres d’Église du xviie siècle anglais

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    Anne Dunan-Page

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une étude de quelques livres d’Église tenus par des communautés dissidentes baptistes dans la seconde moitié du xviie siècle. Ces livres ont été souvent négligés par les historiens étant donnée la nature lacunaire des informations qu’ils contiennent et leur diversité générique. Après un survol de la littérature de controverse et des nombreuses satires à l’encontre des dissidentes, nous montrons comment cette littérature peut être nuancée grâce aux informations contenues dans les livres d’Église manuscrits. Certains historiens ont développé une vision optimiste des multiples opportunités offertes aux dissidentes dans les assemblées séparatistes. Les livres d’Église présentent des preuves appelant à une révision de cette position. À travers des analyses du rôle des femmes et des rares cas où elles étaient autorisées à s’exprimer devant les assemblées, se révèlent une extrême résistance et un fort conservatisme à l’égard de la parole féminine de la part des pasteurs et des anciens. Même au sein des communautés dissidentes qui pourtant réservaient un accueil favorable aux femmes, ces dernières ne parvenaient pas toujours à braver les interdits bibliques concernant la prise de parole dans l’Église.  This article examines some early Baptist Church Books from the second half of the seventeenth century. They have been generally neglected by historians because the records they contain are often imperfect, and the nature of the information varies so much from one book to the next. After a general presentation of the pamphlet and satirical literature published against dissenting women, I show how this literature may be read in the light of the manuscript Church Books. In recent years, other kinds of evidence have encouraged historians towards a more optimistic view of women’s opportunities in the Baptist Churches. The Church Books present a much more sobering picture

  1. Perspectivas sobre la comunicación

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    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Existen diversas teorías, enfoques y modelos de comunicación; de cada uno de ellos pueden rescatarse aspectos de gran valor para el logro de una comunicación eficaz. Este documento presenta una revisión de esos aspectos, para que se pueda comprender mejor y enriquecer uno de los procesos más importantes para el ser humano: el proceso de comunicación. Este es un ensayo en el cual se da a conocer la posición de la autora sobre el tema abordado. Se rescata el acento del enfoque humanista en la relación humana y en las etapas donde se desarrolla. A partir de la comunicación pragmática, se analizan los axiomas comunicacionales en que se fundamenta y lo que se conoce como patologías de esos axiomas. Además se revisan las principales características que distinguen la asertividad en la comunicación y las distintas formas de manipulación que la entorpecen. Del enfoque de Virginia Satir, se presentan los diversos aspectos de la comunicación, tanto funcional como disfuncional y los modelos de comunicación propuestos por esta autora. Se revisan aspectos importantes del enfoque de la comunicación educativa, tales como el control de la distancia, la voz y el cuerpo, las palabras y el situacional; así como los elementos que bloquean el proceso de comunicación y las sugerencias acerca de formas correctas de escuchar. Además, se hace referencia a la necesidad de emplear procesos educativos más holísticos y constructivistas y una comunicación-interrelación horizontal y con equidad. Each of the diverse theories, approaches, and models of communication can provide valuable elements for the attainment of effective communication. This article presents a review of those elements with the goal of providing a better understanding and enhancement of one of the most important processes for human beings: the process of communication. This essay presents the author´s position on the topic. The importance given to human relationships and the stages

  2. Margaret Atwood’s Postcolonial and Postmodern Feminist Novels with Psychological and Mythic Influences: The Archetypal Analysis of the Novel Surfacing

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    Andrejka Obidič

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes Margaret Atwood’s postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels from the psychological perspective of Carl Gustav Jung’s theory of archetypes and from the perspective of Robert Graves’s mythological figures of the triple goddess presented in his work The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth (1997. In this regard, the paper focuses on the mythic and psychological roles embodied and played by Atwood’s victimized female protagonists who actively seek their identity and professional self-realization on their path towards personal evolution in the North American patriarchal society of the twentieth century. Thus, they are no longer passive as female characters of the nineteenth-century colonial novels which are centered on the male hero and his colonial adventures. In her postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels, Atwood further introduces elements of folk tales, fairy tales, legends, myths and revives different literary genres, such as a detective story, a crime and historical novel, a gothic romance, a comedy, science fiction, etc. Moreover, she often abuses the conventions of the existing genre and mixes several genres in the same narrative. For instance, her narrative The Penelopiad (2005 is a genre-hybrid novella in which she parodies the Grecian myth of the adventurer Odysseus and his faithful wife Penelope by subverting Homer’s serious epic poem into a witty satire. In addition, the last part of the paper analyzes the author’s cult novel Surfacing (1972 (1984 according to Joseph Campbell’s and Northrop Frye’s archetypal/myth criticism and it demonstrates that Atwood revises the biblical myth of the hero’s quest and the idealized world of medieval grail romances from the ironic prospective of the twentieth century, as it is typical of postmodernism.

  3. The nature of solar brightness variations

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    Shapiro, A. I.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N. A.; Cameron, R. H.; Yeo, K. L.; Schmutz, W. K.

    2017-09-01

    Determining the sources of solar brightness variations1,2, often referred to as solar noise3, is important because solar noise limits the detection of solar oscillations3, is one of the drivers of the Earth's climate system4,5 and is a prototype of stellar variability6,7—an important limiting factor for the detection of extrasolar planets. Here, we model the magnetic contribution to solar brightness variability using high-cadence8,9 observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction (SATIRE)10,11 model. The brightness variations caused by the constantly evolving cellular granulation pattern on the solar surface were computed with the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS)/University of Chicago Radiative Magnetohydrodynamics (MURaM)12 code. We found that the surface magnetic field and granulation can together precisely explain solar noise (that is, solar variability excluding oscillations) on timescales from minutes to decades, accounting for all timescales that have so far been resolved or covered by irradiance measurements. We demonstrate that no other sources of variability are required to explain the data. Recent measurements of Sun-like stars by the COnvection ROtation and planetary Transits (CoRoT)13 and Kepler14 missions uncovered brightness variations similar to that of the Sun, but with a much wider variety of patterns15. Our finding that solar brightness variations can be replicated in detail with just two well-known sources will greatly simplify future modelling of existing CoRoT and Kepler as well as anticipated Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite16 and PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO)17 data.

  4. Perspectivas sobre la comunicación

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    María Luisa Naranjo Pereira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Existen diversas teorías, enfoques y modelos de comunicación; de cada uno de ellos pueden rescatarse aspectos de gran valor para el logro de una comunicación eficaz. Este documento presenta una revisión de esos aspectos, para que se pueda comprender mejor y enriquecer uno de los procesos más importantes para el ser humano: el proceso de comunicación. Este es un ensayo en el cual se da a conocer la posición de la autora sobre el tema abordado. Se rescata el acento del enfoque humanista en la relación humana y en las etapas donde se desarrolla. A partir de la comunicación pragmática, se analizan los axiomas comunicacionales en que se fundamenta y lo que se conoce como patologías de esos axiomas. Además se revisan las principales características que distinguen la asertividad en la comunicación y las distintas formas de manipulación que la entorpecen. Del enfoque de Virginia Satir, se presentan los diversos aspectos de la comunicación, tanto funcional como disfuncional y los modelos de comunicación propuestos por esta autora. Se revisan aspectos importantes del enfoque de la comunicación educativa, tales como el control de la distancia, la voz y el cuerpo, las palabras y el situacional; así como los elementos que bloquean el proceso de comunicación y las sugerencias acerca de formas correctas de escuchar. Además, se hace referencia a la necesidad de emplear procesos educativos más holísticos y constructivistas y una comunicación-interrelación horizontal y con equidad.

  5. A New Study on the Biography and Works of Valeh Daqestani

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    N Moradi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ali Qoli Khan Valeh Daqestani is one of the twelfth century (AH poets who was born in 1124 in a Daqestani family and went to India in 1146. In India, he entered the court of Gurkani kings and did military as well as court jobs until 1170 when he died. His Divan consists of 12 odes, 199 sonnets, 8 Qet’ehs, 5 Mathnavis, 476 quatrains, 20 couplets and 36 one-verses which are in all not exceeding 3170 Persian stanzas and a few Turkish and Urdu verses. Most of his poems are in the form of sonnet and quatrain. In composing his poems, he paid attention to the manner of poets like Anvari in ode, Hafiz and Naziri Nishaburi in sonnet and Nizami Ganjavi in Mathnavi. Most of his poems are romantic and for showing separation from his beloved Khadijeh Sultan, the very person who made him Valeh. She was the daughter of his uncle and they had been grown with each other from childhood. The invasion of Afghans and the Nadir’s dominance over Isfahan separated them and led to his infatuation and finally compulsive immigration to India. The description of this sad separation has been reflected vastly in his poems as well as the works of his contemporaries like Mathnavi “Valeh and Sultan” by Faqir Dehlavi. In spite of possibility of well living in India, he had a very simple and dervish-like living and accompanied the poor. He is a Shiite poet and has some poems in praise of Imam Ali and satire of some of his contemporaries. The similarity of his name with other poets has led some catalogue-makers into mistake and consequently the poems of other Valehs have been recorded under his name. This article aims to shed light on some corners of his life and career.

  6. Penile representations in ancient Greek art.

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    Rempelakos, L; Tsiamis, C; Poulakou-Rebelakou, E

    2013-12-01

    The presentation of the cult of phallus in ancient Greece and the artistic appearance of the phenomenon on vase figures and statues, as indicative of the significant role of the male genitalia in all fertility ceremonies. The examination of a great number of penile representations from the ancient Greek pottery and sculpture and the review of the ancient theater plays (satiric dramas and comedies ). Phallus in artistic representation is connected either with gods of fertility, such as the goat-footed and horned Pan or the ugly dwarf Priapus or the semi-animal nailed figures Satyrs, devotees of the god Dionysus accompanying him in all ritual orgiastic celebrations. Phallus also symbolizes good luck, health and sexuality: people bear or wear artificial phalli exactly like the actors as part of their costume or carry huge penises during the festive ritual processions. On the contrary, the Olympic gods or the ordinary mortals are not imaged ithyphallic; the ideal type of male beauty epitomized in classical sculpture, normally depicts genitals of average or less than average size. It is noteworthy that many of these images belong to athletes during or immediately after hard exercise with the penis shrunk. The normal size genitalia may have been simply a convention to distinguish normal people from the gods of sexuality and fertility, protectors of the reproductive process of Nature. The representation of the over-sized and erected genitalia on vase figures or statues of ancient Greek art is related to fertility gods such as Priapus, Pan and Satyrs and there is strong evidence that imagination and legend were replacing the scientific achievements in the field of erectile function for many centuries.

  7. NEYZEN TEVFİK (HIS LIFE, PERSONALITY AND WORKS NEYZEN TEVFİK (YAŞAMI, KİŞİLİĞİ VE ESERLERİ

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    Selman YAŞAR

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Neyzen Tevfik when was born in 1879 in Bodrum, has gained a fame with mastery in reed instrument. Neyzen Tevfik who has been accept for third satire artisan in our literature, has been published poem boks which named “Hiç” and “Azab-ı Mukaddes”, composed poems and records. Neyzen which write a article in the newspapers also has got a role in the films. Neyzen Tevfik who has personality which peculiar to himself, hasn’t attached importance to money, post and position, has distrubuted his gained to his surroundings. 1879 yılında Bodrum’da doğan Neyzen Tevfik ney enstrümanındaki ustalığı ile ün kazanmıştır. Edebiyatımızda Nef’i ve Eşref’ten sonra 3. büyük hiciv ustası olarak kabul edilen Neyzen Tevfik’in yayınlanan “Hiç” ve “Azab-ı Mukaddes” adlı şiir kitapları, bestelenmiş şiirleri ile plakları vardır. Gazetelerde yazılar yazan Neyzen filmlerde de rol almıştır. Kendine özgü bir kişiliği olan Neyzen Tevfik, paraya, makam ve mevkiye önem vermemiş, kazandıklarını çevresindekilere dağıtmıştır.

  8. Gênero e super-heróis: o traçado do corpo masculino pela norma Gender and superheroes: the masculine body traced by the norm

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    Adriano Beiras

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As Histórias em Quadrinhos de super-heróis ganham vida na imaginação dos leitores, estabelecendo fortes ligações com seu cotidiano. Um corpo musculoso e viril vem historicamente se tornando o referencial de corporeidade masculina, enquanto corpos que desviam desse modelo são comumente satirizados ou excluídos da mídia. Este ensaio objetiva discutir as formas de representação do corpo masculino nas HQs da DC Comics, especificamente nas histórias de Superman e de Batman, conforme a caracterização de personagens como "heróis", "vilões" ou "coadjuvantes". Nossa premissa é a de que estas caracterizações remetem a tendências distintas de representação dos corpos, (reproduzindo normas sociais e valores de estética sobre as corporeidades.Superhero comic books gain life in the reader's imagination, establishing strong connections to their daily life. A muscular and virile body has historically become the reference for male corporeality, while bodies that deviate from this are commonly satirized or excluded from the media. This essay intends to discuss the forms of representation of the male body in DC comic books, specifically Superman and Batman, according to the portrayal of characters as 'heroes', 'villains' or 'supporting characters'. Our premise is that these roles relate to distinct tendencies for the depiction of bodies, (reproducing social norms and aesthetic values upon corporealities.

  9. Politics and the New African Novel: A Study of the Fiction of Francis Bebey

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    W. Curtis Schade

    1980-01-01

    Full Text Available From its inception African fiction has been strongly marked by political themes. In the late 1950's the virulent satire of Mongo Béti and Ferdinand Oyono stated the case against the denigration of African values inherent in all aspects of the colonial system. Their style and message subsequently gave way to novels focusing upon the drama of the transition of power at the moment of Independence. Whether optimistic or disillusioned, many of these novels featured real events and people, often thinly disguised, and sought to give an «inside» picture of that historical moment. Other tendencies developed in the late 60's, most notably a strongly autocritical, often radical, body of fiction represented by such writers as Ousmane Sembène and Alioum Fangouré, and the more distant, philosophical study of politics and society of writers like Ahmadou Kourouma. In all of these examples the contemporary political situation, whether viewed globally or as it affected the life of a simple man, was the primary moving force within the novel. By contrast, this paper will concentrate upon the work of Francis Bebey, exemplary of another current trend, fiction which, while continuing to deal with political concerns, does so in a different light, creating different tones, using different techniques. In the three novels and one short-story studied, politics is subordinated to other concerns and is treated less reverently than heretofore. We see in the work of Bebey a re-assessment of politics and its place in the life of contemporary (African man.

  10. Power in Play: A Foucauldian Reading of A.O. Soyinka’s The Trials of Brother Jero

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    Mahboobeh Davoodifar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This work utilizes Foucault’s articulations on the power strategies of our contemporary society. To him the subject’s constitution is never a purely passive effect of power on the subject but requires the subject’s own activity. This necessitates the existence of a dynamic, mutually affecting relationship, implying that one can be both dominated and dominate at different times and in different contexts. This article aims to analyze the Nigerian Noble Laureate, Wole Soyinka’s play The Trials of Brother Jero, a prophetical play that criticizes the ills of society through its satirical depiction, in the light of Foucault’s conceptualizations on power. To do this, the article first clarifies Foucault’s mature understanding of the operation of power and then attempts to provide an in-depth analysis of the structure of the power regime and its relations in the play, tactics of domination, and more importantly, the characters’ relations to the existing system of power. The study of the language and the dialogue of the main characters, Brother Jero, Amope, Chume and a Member of Federation House not only exposes the sources of operating power relations, but it also highlights the characters’ desire for power and the way it flows and slips from one character to another. The findings of the paper reveals that power is not concentrated on merely one character or institution within the play, rather, it circulates, and through the active resistance of the dominated characters, it constantly engenders new meanings within the structure of the play. In The Trials of Brother Jero, different characters have the desire to use power against each other and the resistance of each of them indicates that power is neither possessive nor repressive. Keywords: Michel Foucault, Power, Pastoral Power, Resistance, Wole Soyinka

  11. The Concept of Love in Lithuanian Folklore and Mythology

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    Doc dr. Daiva Šeškauskaitė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Love is a reserved feeling, meaning amiability and complete internecine understanding. The concept of love has always been important for human world outlook and attitude. Love can have different meaning and expression – for some people it is a nice, warm feeling, a way of action and behaviour, for others it is nothing more than a sexual attraction. As there are different perceptions of love, there also exist few common love manifestations: love can be maternal, childish, juvenile, sexual. Love can also be felt for a home land, own nation, home. Naturally love can be expressed through the particular rituals, symbols and signs. Folk songs introduce four main lover characteristics: beauty, sweetness, kindness and boon. The later feature means that a girl/ boy is supposed to be well-set, to be pleasant and comfortable to touch which is very important when choosing a wife or a husband. Love in folklore is expressed through the common metaphorical and allegorical symbols, it doesn‘t sound as explicit word – more like a metaphor or epithet. Love in folklore can be perceived and felt very differently. Love like an action – love like... special person, essential possession. Prime personal characteristics, such as kindness, tenderness, humility, are the ones to light the love fire as well as beauty, artfulness, eloquence also help. Love is supposed to lead to the sacred sacrament of marriage. Love, if real, is a serious subject. Love is worth dying for. Strong love leads to self-sacrifice. Fairy tales satirize infidelity stressing that love is right only between a wife and a husband while other options are considered as inglorious and wrong. Love, as an incest, is also common in our folklore.

  12. “Vizcaínos en un berenjenal”

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    Luis Arturo Hernández Pérez de Landazábal

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay tries to explain the coincidence that the Moor Cide Hamete Benengeli should take over as Don Quixote’s “witness-chronicler” precisely during the fight between the latter and the Biscayan Sancho de Azpeitia. This coincidence is explained by virtue of a Basque-Iberist theory accepted at that time, that related the Basques to Moors “a las tácitas” (tacitly. The hypothesis strengthens the structural unity of chapters 8 and 9 of Part I of Don Quixote, since, in both chapters, Cervantes would be presenting a challenge –let us say even an defiance– to the 17th century Basque “estamental society” –from the common people or the incipient bureaucratic bourgeoisie to the clergy and the high nobility–, exposing the imposture common to their status as privileged subjects of the Empire. In addition to satirizing the supposed nobility of the diabolical –thanks to his fiendish expression– Biscayan, the author would have derided the false brief chronicles –the structural technique revealed in this adventure–, by hiding –as we venture to say– the identity of the “Benitos” –Frs. Haedo, Biscayan Benedictine, the supposed author and editor respectively of the story of the captivity in Algiers–, as well as the identity of one of the “historians of La Mancha” –Garibay, the Guipuzcoan chronicler based in Toledo–, not to mention the resentment against the high nobility who had the privilege of the “pase a Indias” (pass to the Indies. And all this, in an episode of conflicts between three languages and cultures whose complementary nature and perspectivism are a cover up for the impossible truth of the modern Man of the author’s time.

  13. The Linguistic Technique of Parallelism in Al-Ahwas Al-Ansari’s Poetry: A Stylistic Study

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    Mah’d Ahmad Al-halhooli

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Parallelism is one of the most conspicuous stylistic techniques that are marked by the receiver's ear, and it also has an excellent musical rhythm. Al-Ahwas[1] thoroughly familiarizes readers with an entire host of parallelistic arrangements in his poetry, which makes the semantic units a rich material for the aesthetic study. The present study presents the most beautiful uses of all varieties of parallelism in a corpus of Al-Ahwas's poetry, as the reader of his poetry would never miss observing the many images of parallelism based on semantic concordance, as well as the parallelism that appears in one line, or in a stanza, based on structural concordance, in addition to the parallelism formed by the morphological rhythm which is based on the repetition of a morphological derivative formulae. Al-Ahwas did not suffice himself with the similar morphological formulae to achieve rhythm, but he also aimed at the parallelism achieved by repetition, which falls into several patterns. They can be included in one verse line, or within a number lines conforming to one idea, but with different contexts. The second pattern of repetition in terms of rhythm and structure is Epanaphora, or Epanalepsis: which is a repetitive structure based on inserting a word at the beginning of the speech and then repeating the same word at the end of the speech. Al-Ahwas achieved a high rhythmical harmony using parallelism besides a semantic goal by deliberately intensifying parallel words and functioning units in a network revolving around the dominant idea. This study hopes to pave the way for future avenues of studies in poetry under the category of stylistics.  [1]. The poet Al-Ahwas Al-Ansari. He is Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Asim bin Thabit al-Ansari, one of the Umayyad poets, died in Damascus in 105 AH / 723 AD. He was called Al-Ahwas for a tightness in his eye. He is an Islamic satire poet.

  14. El sutil regodeo de la decadencia. Dinámicas urbanas, fronteras permeables y tiempo suspendido en El museo de cera de Jorge Edwards

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    Giuseppe Gatti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo consiste en proponer una relectura de la novela El museo de cera, que el escritor chileno Jorge Edwards publicó en 1981, concentrando la atención no sólo en la habitual interpretación crítica que evidencia la lúcida condena satírica del pensamiento reaccionario chileno, sino abordando la trama desde una perspectiva que ilumina la relación entre tiempo individual y colectivo. En paralelo, se examina la representación de la decadencia de una arquitectura sociopolítica, poniendo en relación las imágenes ficcionales de Edwards con las representaciones del declive presentes en la narrativa austrohúngara de comienzos del siglo xx. Se analizan, finalmente, las dinámicas de ósmosis entre los dos espacios geosociales descritos en la ficción evidenciando la permeabilidad de sectores en apariencia opuestos.The purpose of the present article consists of proposing a different interprtetation of the novel El museo de cera, which the Chilean writer Jorge Edwards published in 1981: we will concentrate not only in the habitual critical interpretation that confirms the lucid satirical sentence of the reactionary Chilean thought, but we will approach the plot from a perspective that demonstrates the relation between individual and collective time. At the same time, we analyze the representation of the decadence of a social and political structure, by connecting the fictional images from Edwards with the representations of the decline presented in the Austro-Hungarian narrative of the beginning of the 20th century. Finally, we examine the dynamics of osmosis between the two geosocial contexts described in the fiction demonstrating the permeability of sectors by all appearances opposite.

  15. [Production of accentuated personality traits in baroque opera : Opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (1749)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, J; Hirsch, T; Steger, F

    2016-05-01

    Madness served primarily as a form of amusement for the spectators in operas of the seventeenth century. This representation was far removed from clinical reality. This circumstance changed in the eighteenth century at the time when tragic madness emerged in numerous operas. The opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (Arcifanfano-King of fools, premiered in 1749 in Venice, text by Carlo Goldoni 1707-1793 and music by Baldassare Galuppi 1706-1785), which continuously enacts a realm of fools and is meant to appear amusing, is riddled with psychopathological abnormalities for which a retrospective diagnosis is methodologically rejected. However, the opera presents many subjects for working out a typology of fools based on outlasting personality traits of the protagonists. The libretto is investigated. A musical analysis is spared. The conceptualized typology of fools in the opera, which is oriented towards the seven main vices or deadly sins serves, in the tradition of moral satire, to critically hold up a mirror to the audience to reflect their own vices by an amusing characterization of the latter. Historically classified, the treatment of fools by means of isolation, custody, locking up in cages as well as authoritarian measures of submission reflects the custom in those days before humanizing the treatment of people with mental illness in the course of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. The opera Arcifanfano is essentially characterized by continuous madness. A typology of the fools can be worked out from the precise depiction of the personalities. A mirror is held up to the spectators in terms of vices, in the tradition of the contemporary baroque opera. At the same time, the opera can be classified psychiatrically and historically as a seismograph of its time when in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries people with mental illness were isolated and incarcerated.

  16. Historia de un plagio: las coplas sefardíes Los tiempos modernos, de Sa‘adí Haleví, y El lujo y la escasez, de Ya‘acob Yoná

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    Mancheva, Dora

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article comprises two parts: The first one, that includes a critical edition as well as a study of the two versions of the critical and satirical “Copla” entitled Los tiempos modernos, by the Salonican “Coplero” Sa‘adi Halevi (version A, published in seven editions printed between 1873 and 1935 in Salonica; and version B, published in 1932 in Sarajevo. In the second part of the article, the authors deal with the plagiary of these “Coplas” committed by another Salonican “Coplero,” Yacob Yona, especially in his edition and study of his “Copla” El lujo y la escasez published in 1915 in Salonica.El presente artículo consta de dos partes fundamentales. En la primera se lleva a cabo la edición crítica y el estudio de las dos versiones de la copla satírica y crítica titulada Los tiempos modernos, del coplero salonicense Sa‘adí Haleví (versión A, plasmada en siete ediciones que vieron la luz en Salónica entre 1873 y 1935; y versión B, que apareció en Sarajevo en 1932. En la segunda parte del artículo las autoras abordan el tema de los plagios que de las coplas de Haleví hizo otro coplero salonicense, Ya‘acob Yoná, plagio que se muestra especialmente con la edición y estudio de la copla de este último titulada El lujo y la escasez, que vio la luz en Salónica en 1915.

  17. The dream of freedom and fear of it (Tyranny and vassalage in The Master is Coming Tomorrow by Petar Sarić

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    Jeftimijević-Mihajlović Marija S.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The history of Serbian literature originating in Kosovo and Metohija during the second half of the previous century values Peter Sarić the most by his novel The Master is Coming Tomorrow, although he penned seven novels. The Master is Coming Tomorrow is the image of power which, instead of protecting human rights, is transformed into the instrument of violence. It is the image of tyrant and tyranny, and it is at the same time a caricature of people - vassals, who out of fear, rather humbly languish in the so-called freedom, zealously shouting the Master's name. One gets the impression that the writer wanted to portray vassalage in a satirical way more than tyranny. This thoroughly psychological characteristic of vassals, and power-holders of strong autocracy, makes Sarić a modern story-teller who has the courage and literary talent to dive into the deepest secrets of human nature, exposing the darkest corners of human psyche, something people are not willing to speak about. It is the novelty in the literature created in this area during the second half of the previous century; no other literary creation so clearly and precisely profiles the collective consciousness of one nation or the individuality of a ruler. In this novel, Sarić reveals a new face of patriarchal culture and the patriarchal system of the Montenegrin community. At the same time, Sarić confirms a known face of history, since each absolute power is based on identical levers of unscrupulous tyrants and humiliated, obedient people who resigned themselves to such a system.

  18. Crazy, boiled, oil-soaked and finally swallowed: the burlesque treatment of myth in three poems by Quevedo and Castillejo

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    María del Rosario Martínez Navarro

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:The current study analyzes the possible similarities and parallelisms between Cristóbal de Castillejo’s La fábula de Acteón, and two works by Francisco de Quevedo entitled Hero y Leandro en paños menores and Baile de los nadadores, respectively. Both authors use similar ingenious rhetorical and stylistic devices in order to cause a humorous effect and the parody of some well-known myths. Castillejo offers thus a new perspective fully inserted into the anti-court satire, as one of the main representatives of this literary trend. La fábula de Acteón may actually be related to other of his essential works, namely, Aula de cortesanos and Farsa de la Costanza.Resumen:El presente artículo analiza las posibles concomitancias y paralelismos existentes entre La fábula de Acteón, del poeta renacentista salmantino Cristóbal de Castillejo, el romance Hero y Leandro en paños menores, y la pieza para teatro Baile de los nadadores, estos dos últimos de Francisco de Quevedo. En ambos autores encontramos la utilización similar de una serie de ingeniosos recursos retórico-estilísticos para provocar el efecto humorístico y la parodia de los conocidos mitos que abordan. Castillejo aporta con ello una novedosa perspectiva que se inserta plenamente en la sátira antiáulica de la que es uno de sus más importantes representantes. Su Fábula se pondrá en relación con otros textos esenciales de su producción; a saber, el Aula de cortesanos o la Farsa de la Costanza.

  19. There is also a story in Lutosławski: Narrative archetypes in the first movement of Witold Lutosławski's second symphony

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    Zatkalik Miloš

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Narrativity in music is seldom connected to the compositions based on aleatoric procedures and the use of sound masses. Yet, it can be demonstrated that the first movement of Witold Lutosławski's Second Symphony projects a meaningful set of relations which is later called into question and reconfigured, thus meeting at least some of the conditions for narratological approach. The attention is focused on the tone pitch parameter and in that sense it can be noticed that the movement is founded on the alternation of twelve-note aggregate and symmetrical, all-combinatorial hexachord 012678. This description suggests invariance, the lack of directed movement, since both tonal arrays are characterised by a high level of entropy. In spite of this, there is a clear effort to achieve a directed movement, as a result of the procedures used to organise tonal pitches, and, especially, as a result of the treatment of hexachords. The paper will investigate how the flow of events in this movement can be related to the system of mythos - the archetypal narrative categories - as were first defined by the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye, and adjusted for musical narrative by Byron Almén. The system is based on the intersection of the two fundamental opposites: defeat/victory and order/disorder, resulting in four categories: comedy, romance, irony/satire and tragedy. No matter how paradoxical it may seem, it is the abovementioned entropy that can be considered as the initial order, and its disorder is achieved by attempts to establish directed movement. The ambivalence of archetypal categories and their interweaving is not uncommon in the narrative process. Therefore, the possibility of various interpretations of narrative trajectory will be discussed.

  20. Belial, Procurator Infernalis: Who Is Truly at Fault?

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    Nataša Golob

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacobus da Teramo, an excellent lawyer and high-ranking person in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, is known for a number of prominent scholarly works, but he also wrote (ca. 1382 a narration known under various titles: Consolatio peccatorum, seu Processus Luciferi contra Jesum Christum, Liber Belial, and Processus Luciferu contra Iesum coram Iudice Salomone. This is a lawsuit between Lucifer and Christ, in which Devil sues Christ for having trespassed by descending into Hell and taking many souls with him. At the first trial, Moses speaks for Christ and Belial for Lucifer, and in the second Aristotle and Isaiah defend Christ, while Lucifer is defended by Emperor Augustus and Jeremiah. In both trials, the decision is in favor of Christ, but in the second trial the Devil is granted the right to take possession of the bodies and souls of the damned at the Last Judgment. This work was very popular and is still known in many manuscript copies and printed editions. The theme of a trial in extraterrestrial territory performed by famous historical and literary persons was very popular in medieval Europe, and several authors used the motif of a lawsuit involving the Devil and Christ. Da Teramo’s text was translated into German, and it gained broad audiences. He described well the persons and sequences of scenes familiar to him from the courts; his strong descriptions placed the persons in the realm of satire because these descriptions do not lack irony and some psychological teasing. It is also an allegory of the order of the world, presented in a didactic and moralizing tone. It is interesting to realize that, half a century before da Teramo’s Belial, a poem of 2,438 verses was composed in the parish of Vellach, Austria (Sln. Koroška Bela, yet another proof that this theme was also largely known in Carniola and Carinthia. Moreover, several examples of comparable texts are preserved from Slovenian medieval monasteries.

  1. Sport, Islam, and Muslims in Europe: in between or on the Margin?

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    Mahfoud Amara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reveal how misconceptions—or using the concept of Arkoun, “the crisis of meanings”—about the role and position of Islam in Europe is impacting on the discourse on sport, Islam, and immigration. France is selected as a case study for this paper as it is in this country where the debate on religion in general and Islam in particular seem to be more contentious in relation to the questions of integration of Muslim communities to secular (French republican values. Recent sources of tensions include the ban of the Burqa in the public space; the debate on national identity instigated by the former French president Nicholas Sarkozy, which became centred around the question of Islam and Muslims in France; the provocative cartoons about Prophet Mohamed in the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo; opposition against the provision of halal meal in France’s fast-food chain Quick; and resistance toward Qatar’s plan to invest in deprived suburbs of France, to name just a few. The other context which this paper examines in relation to the question of sport, Islam, and identity-making of Muslims in Europe is the phenomenon of “reverse migration” or the re-connection of athletes of Muslim background in Europe, or so-called Muslim neo-Europeans, with their (parents’ country of origin. The paper argues that sport is another highly politicised space to judge the level of “integration” of Muslim athletes in European societies, and the degree of “religiosity” in their (parents’ country of origin.

  2. Engaging the disengaged: Swinging voters, political participation and media in Australia

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    Edwina Throsby

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available It is a feature of contemporary western democracy that in order to win an election, very often capturing the swinging vote becomes a priority. This is especially true in Australia, where voting is compulsory. However despite it being a term that is commonly used and popularly recognised, there is no academic consensus on who "the swinging voter" might be in terms of demographic characteristics. The data that does exist suggests that undecided voters have a low interest in politics and consume media that are not widely considered political. In this paper, I will focus on the swinging voter as both subject (of media commentary and political targeting and audience (of campaign and media messages. In doing so, I will critically examine ways that the key notions of political knowledge and engagement have traditionally been measured which, I will argue, are bound up in normative ideas of civic virtue. I will propose that the ideas of engagement and knowledge need to be reconceived to reflect the central role of media in the way that politics is performed, experienced and understood. Not only can media use reflect a citizen's level of political interest and engagement, media themselves can be sites of political participation. Expanding this, I will argue that what constitutes "political media" in much of the debate needs to be expanded beyond broadsheets and six o'clock bulletins to include sources such as satire, soft news and online spaces. By re­ thinking media's role in engagement and knowledge, and broadening the definition of political media, established definitions of swinging voters as low­information, disengaged citizens have the potential to shift.

  3. Marginalisasi dan Revitalisasi Parikan di Era Kelisanan Sekunder

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    D. Jupriono

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sastra lisan parikan termarginalisasikan dari masyarakatnya di Jawa Timur dan Jawa Tengah karena: makin langkanya habitat tempat munculnya parikan (ludruk, tayub, dll.; melimpahnya acara pop di media elektronik TV; punahnya budaya sindiran; tergusurnya lembah lokalisasi; makin berkurangnya jumlah penjual jamu di pasar tradisional dan para pedagang keliling berlayar tancap; lenyapnya budaya cangkrukan/jagongan. Meskipun demikian, ada dua komunitas yang tetap melestarikan parikan, yaitu komunitas pesantren, yang tetap mempertahankan parikan sebagai produk kelisanan primer, dan masyarakat Jawa pedesaan serta komunitas urban etnis Jawa, yang melestarikan parikan sebagai produk kelisanan sekunder dalam kemasan media elektronik. Di antara parikan yang masih tersisa, terdapat parikan pelesetan, yang hanya main-main oleh dagelan ludruk, dan parikan serius, sebagai media iklan resmi layanan masyarakat oleh kepolisian, parpol, perusahaan, dan media massa, serta sebagai kritik sosial terhadap ketimpangan keadaan dan kesewenangan penguasa, juga oleh dagelan ludruk. Abstract: Parikan as oral literature is marginalized from its society in East Java and Central Java because the more rarely of habitat it emerges (ludruk, tayub, etc; the abundance of popular programs in TV electronic media; the vanishing satirical culture; the abolition of prostitution locality; the lesser of the amount of herbs seller in traditional market and vendors on layar tancap; the diminishing of the culture of cangkrukan/jagongan. Fortunately, yet there are two communities keeping on conserve parikan, they are pesantren community, which keeps parikan as the product of primary orality, and Javanese villagers and also Javanese urban community who conserve parikan as the product of secondary orality in electonic media packaging. Among the rest of parikan, there are plesetan parikan, merely for jokes which come from ludruk comedians, and serious parikan, as the official advertising media of

  4. Micromégas: Altered Body–Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body–environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme – popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children’s literature and philosophical satire – reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire’s Micromégas, Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Caroll’s Alice, and Matheson’s The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space. PMID:27148156

  5. The right of the stronger: The play Sisyphus and critias

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    Jordović Ivan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Focus of this study is the standpoint of the play Sisyphus and critias the leader of the thirty towards the right of the stronger. this is a question of constant interest in scientific circles, since its answer can serve as the indicator of the influence this famous theory has had. this interest has been encouraged by the fact that critias’ authorship of the play is questionable. however, the question of the author is not of primary importance for this article, because there are some arguments, among some well known ones, which were not considered and which Show that in this satire, regardless of the author and the purpose of this fragment, the right of the stronger is actually non-existant. the first argument to support this theory is that nomosphysis antithesis is nowhere explicitly mentioned although it is the crucial element of the right of the stronger. in addition there is no claim in the play that the exploitation of the strong by the week or by law accrued. the second argument is that despite the incapability of laws to prevent the secret injustice, they and their importance for the human society are depicted in a positive light. it should also be noted that, unlike callicles and glaucon, laws are created to stop the bad and not the good. the third argument is that the invention of religion is accepted as a positive achievement, which finally enables the overcoming of primeval times and lawlessness. the reflection of this argument is a positive characterization of the individual who invented the fear of gods. the fourth argument, which has not been taken into consideration so far is the way the supporters and opponents of lawlessness are described and marked as κακοί and έσξλοί in the satire only physically strong are considered as strong as opposed to callicles, where they are also spiritually superior. intelectually superior in Sisyphus is the inventor of the fear of gods who is also in favor of law and order. the fact

  6. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß – im Roman und in Wirklichkeit

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    Eberhard Knobloch

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Daniel Kehlmanns Roman „Die Vermessung der Welt“ wird hoch gepriesen und streng kritisiert. Kehlmanns Kritiker lesen seine Satire als eine verfälschte Biographie von Gauss und Humboldt, obwohl der Autor wiederholt selbstironische Bemerkungen eingestreut hat, die sein wahres Ziel offenbaren. Der Aufsatz bemüht sich, Kehlmanns fiktiven Roman angemessen zu beurteilen und einige der wirklichen Aktivitäten und Errungenschaften von Gauss und Humboldt zu charakterisieren, indem Kehlmanns erzählte mit den historischen Tatsachen verglichen werden. Beide Wissenschaftler waren stark am Erdmagnetismus interessiert, was zeitweise zu einigen Spannungen zwischen ihnen führte. Humboldts Messmethoden und seine Überzeugung, dass alles Wechselwirkung ist, waren zwei Seiten derselben Medaille. Nur numerische Elemente konnten helfen, die Gesetze zu finden, die die Natur regieren. Humboldts wissenschaftliche Techniken und Ziele (Methode der Mittelwerte waren gut begründet. Humboldts Reisen und Forschen bildeten eine untrennbare Einheit. Humboldts Naturbegriff schloss beide Möglichkeiten ein, das heißt die natura naturans und die natura naturata, die schaffende und herrschende Natur und die Natur, die von bestimmten Gesetzen beherrscht war. Sein überragendes Interesse an Naturgesetzen gründete auf der Überzeugung, dass sie ewig waren und dass sie die Ordnung und Ewigkeit der Welt garantierten. Résumé Le roman de Daniel Kehlmann „Le mesurage du monde“ est célébré et critiqué fortement en même temps. Les critiques de Kehlmann lisent sa satire comme une biographie détériorée de Gauss et de Humboldt quoique l’auteur ait inséré à maintes reprises des remarques autoironiques qui révèlent sa vraie fin. L’article s’efforce de juger justement le roman fictif de Kehlmann et de caractériser quelques-unes des activités et conquêtes réelles de Gauss et de Humboldt en comparant les faits racontés par Kehlmann avec les

  7. Architectural layout and vulnerability to earthquakes of housing buildings of the Modernism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostenaru, M.

    2009-04-01

    seismic culture developed. The buildings of Greek Modernism and those of the Milanese Novecento however, are more regular in shape and in the distribution of columns and beams. It will be investigated if this is a consequence of the local seismic culture or if it was simply allowed by the regular shape of the lots in the urban tissue. Buildings of Greek Modernism were raised, unlike those in Bucharest, in more peripheral zones of the city, mainly in the neighbourship of the train station. In Bucharest they were raised in the city centre, following a major urban redevelopment. The buildings of Milanese Novecento, however, are spread over the whole city and here it is more difficult to find a reason in the argumentative discourse. It will be looked at the vernacular types of the houses in the country. The Modernist buildings were raised in a time when no seismic codes yet were released. All of the mentioned building types have a reinforced concrete skeleton. When conducting studies about historical buildings, mainly those with masonry structure are considered, for which reason the project CA'REDIVIVUS was run 2005-2007, with support from the European Commission, aiming exactly at this: the preservation of historic housing buildings with reinforced concrete structure across Europe. This research aims to continue that research, considering buildings from the same geographical locations but from the point of view of the way of living which led to the architectural shape which rendered vulnerable or not these buildings. It is an argumentative discourse to be conducted about to which amount the Modernism negated the historical links and thus also the vernacular one. Sure is, that at least on Romania, there had to be a change in living habits to move from single family to multi-family building. These buildings were also not typical for Modernism in Europe, since they were thought for luxus dwellings in the city centre. In Western Europe it was social housing at the periphery

  8. Hibriditas Medium pada Film Opera Jawa Karya Garin Nugroho sebagai Sebuah Dekonstruksi

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    Riksa Belasunda

    2014-10-01

    the diversity of the medium use. The study conducted with the postmodern aesthetic approach through semiotic method with descriptive interpretive technique dismantles the structure of the film code language through the analysis of narrative and dramatic structure-forming elements of the film. It deals with aspects such as non-verbal signs of visual elements and movement in the film shot. These elements are constructed by the medium expression choice of the filmmaker in delivering his message. The filmmaker delivers his criticism or satire through swerved meaning and medium exploration (medium hybridism. Through this film, Garin Nugroho deconstructed the figures, space, message and meaning, as well as the narrative of the epic Ramayana by Walmiki as a reference. It reflects gender issues, feminism, masculinity domination, class warfare, and capitalism.Keywords: medium hybridity; postmodern films Semiotics; deconstruction.

  9. A Room of One's Own, Un Cuarto propio, Une chambre à soi : circulations, déplacements, réévaluations

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    Anne-Laure Rigeade

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available On tend à classer l’essai de Virginia Woolf A Room of One’s Own dans la catégorie du pamphlet féministe sans autre forme de questionnement. Son message et son sens semblent fixés et indiscutables. Or, à lire ensemble ses traductions en espagnol et en français, à suivre les transformations du texte dans l’histoire de ses réceptions, le lecteur en vient précisément à se défaire de cette évidence. Comment les contextes de réception et de traduction ont-ils infléchi l’esprit et la lettre de l’œuvre ? Comment ses contours ont- ils été remodelés au fil de ses actualisations ? En quoi l’exemple de ce texte avec ses traductions illustre-t-il l’essentielle instabilité de l’œuvre ? C’est à ces questions que nous entreprendrons de répondre ici. Virginia Woolf’s essay A Room of One’s Own is traditionally read as a feminist satire of patriarchy: its message and this meaning seem to be indisputable. But if we consider this work with its translations in french by Clara Malraux and in spanish by Jorge Luis Borges, if we consider the essay in its planetary circulation, we are led to question this perspective. How did the context of production of the transla- tions in french and in spanish have transform the work and its apprehension? What kind of modifications do we observe at each of these reinscriptions of Woolf’s essay in a new context and in a new literary tradition? And how does this specific case exemplify the essential instability of any literary work? These will be the questions we shall ask and answer in this paper. 

  10. La historieta española de 1900 a 1951

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    Martín, Antonio

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The present piece of research starts after the birth of the Spanish comic by the second half of 19th century as a new way of expression that appears linked to the satirical and humour press, created and thought especially for adult readers. From the reality of this new media the basis were set to approach the Spanish comic produced during the 1900 to 1950. During this particular period, we are facing its first development, the consolidation, and the conversion of the new comic into a mass phenomenon. At the same time, a further analyze of the industrial structure, capable to support the publishing process of the comic, is carried out too; this is put in the context of the whole Spanish society depending, not only on the economy, but also on the political and social movements that shook the country during these fifty years, causing an accelerated flow of events that became a reality during the political regimes that have built the structure of the Spanish country: Alphonse 13th’s constitutional monarchy, Primo de Rivera’s military dictatorship, parlamentary republic, civil war and finally the General Franco’s personal dictatorship.

    El presente trabajo de investigación se inicia tras el nacimiento de la historieta española en la segunda mitad del XIX, nuevo medio de expresión que surge ligado a la prensa satírica y de humor, creada y realizada expresamente para un público lector adulto. Es ya desde la realidad del nuevo medio como se establecen las bases para el acercamiento a la historieta española durante los años 1900 a 1951, en los que tiene lugar su primer desarrollo, afianzamiento y conversión en un fenómeno de masas. Asimismo se analizan los inicios del tejido industrial que soporta la estructura editorial de la historieta, que se contextualiza respecto del conjunto de la sociedad española, en total dependencia no solo de la economía, sino también de los movimientos políticos y sociales que

  11. Gossip as a Channel for Circulating Subversive Truth: In Heym's The King David Report, the GDR and the Jardin du Luxembourg

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    David Fishelov

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Chronique du roi David (1991 , Stefan Heym (1913-2001 propose une perspective favorable sur le potin, nonobstant la censure biblique de cette activité (ex : Proverbe 11:13. La réécriture satirique de Heym de l'histoire biblique se concentre sur le personnage d’Ethan, un écrivain-historien nommé par le roi Salomon pour composer un rapport officiel sur la vie et l’arrivée au pouvoir du roi David. À un moment donné les deux fils d’Ethan, Sem et Sheleph, reviennent du marché et racontent à Ethan certaines rumeurs «savoureuses» qu'ils y ont entendues. Ces rumeurs, tandis qu’elles sont un peu exagérées et embellies, fournissent toutefois des aperçus de la situation politique qui sont beaucoup plus fidèles à la vérité que les inventions des porte-parole officiels. Pour justifier le portrait littéraire de Heym du potin comme une voie pour communiquer la vérité subversive dans les régimes autoritaires, je cite la recherche historique systématique de Robert Darnton au sujet des voies diverses pour communiquer les nouvelles de Paris au dix-huitième siècle (Darnton, 2000. In The King David Report (1972, Stefan Heym (1913-2001 offers a favorable view of gossip, notwithstanding biblical censuring of that activity (e.g. Proverb 11:13. Heym's satirical re-telling of the biblical story focuses on the character of Ethan, a writer-historian appointed by King Solomon to compose an official report on the life and rise to power of King David. At one point Ethan's two sons, Shem and Sheleph, come back from the market, telling Ethan of some "juicy" rumors they heard there. These rumors, while using some exaggerations and added embellishments, nevertheless provide insights into the political situation much more faithful to the truth than the fabrications of official spokespersons. To substantiate Heym's literary portrayal of gossip as a channel for communicating subversive truth in authoritarian regimes, I cite Robert Darnton

  12. The symbolism of Mesopotamian cult images

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    Helmer Ringgren

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Is. 44: 12-20 contains a satirical description of the way the pagans, i.e., the Babylonians, make their "gods", i.e., their idols. "The ironsmith fashions it and works it over the coals; he shapes it with hammers, and forges it with his strong arm ... The carpenter stretches a line, he marks it out with a pencil; he fashions it with planes, and marks it with a compass; he shapes it into the figure of a man, with the beauty of a man, to dwell in a house. He cuts down cedars, he plants holm trees and oaks and lets them grow. Some he uses for fuel to warm himself or to bake bread, of others "he makes a god and worships it. With these and similar words the prophet ridicules those who make cult images. This might of course be an independent literary creation—and perhaps it is—but interestingly enough there is a Babylonian text that could well have served as the prophet's model. In a ritual for the akitu festival in Babylon from Seleucid times we read about the third day as follows: "When it is three hours after sunrise, he shall call a metalworker and give him precious stones and gold from the treasury of the god Marduk to make two images for (the ceremonies of the sixth day. He shall call a woodworker and give him (some cedar and tamarisk (pieces. He shall call a goldsmith and give him (some gold." It is obvious that the images in question are not cult images in a real sense, i.e., images to be set up in a temple to receive sacrifices and worship, but images intended to be used in a "magical" ceremony: they represent evil forces that shall be annihilated by means of destroying their images in fire. At the same time, the text shows that it was well known how these images were made, but also that this did not detract from their symbolic, or magical, value.

  13. El trovo verde. Poesía improvisada satírico-obscena en la fiesta de la cosecha

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    del Campo Tejedor, Alberto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Harvest time has been since Upper Antiquity an exceptional occasion in peasant societies, giving rise to festive customs such as duels of improvised poetry in obscene tone and motif. In these duels, precepts of decency were momentarily removed. The historical and comparative research since the fescennini verses of Antiquity, through the pullas of the trovadores de repente of the Golden Age and other satirical genres, allows to link the priapic improvised poetry of the Alpujarra in both reaping and grape harvest contexts to a long popular tradition in which debates of burlesque verses were an entertainment associated with the nexus between fertility of earth and sexuality and with a sense of regeneration that has cathartic laugh. The survival of this burlesque and erotic register among the Alpujarra troubadours in certain festivals, coincidental in dates, spaces and actors with the traditional context of licenses during harvest time, suggests the reusing of these duels of inventiveness, in which participants play recalling a time when

    Las cosechas han constituido desde antiguo un momento excepcional en las culturas campesinas y han propiciado costumbres festivas, como las luchas de poesías improvisadas de tono y temática obscena, en que se levantaba efímeramente el precepto del decoro. El rastreo histórico y comparativo desde los versos fesceninos de la Antigüedad, pasando por las pullas de los trovadores de repente en el Siglo de Oro y otros géneros satíricos, permite vincular el trovo priápico de la Alpujarra en contextos de siega, parva y vendimia, a una larga tradición popular en que las porfías de versos burlescos constituían un divertimento asociado al nexo de unión entre la fertilidad de la tierra y la sexualidad, así como al sentido regenerador de la risa catártica. La pervivencia en el trovo alpujarreño de este registro burlón y lúbrico en ciertas fiestas coincidentes en fechas

  14. Actualité du roman archéologique

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    Philippe Dufour

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Salammbô a beau se passer au IIIe siècle avant Jésus-Christ, Flaubert a beau y voir une ressource pour fuir le monde moderne, le roman antique n’en pense pas moins l’Histoire contemporaine, au moins par intermittence. On essaie de le montrer à propos d’un court fragment rescapé du chapitre explicatif, la description des assemblées des Syssites. Loin de démarquer simplement telle ou telle source (comme l’analyse aristotélicienne de la constitution carthaginoise dans La Politique, le paragraphe décrivant le banquet des Riches pendant que les Barbares entourent la ville évoque en surimpression la fête impériale sur fond de peur sociale. Des images relais (Les Romains de la décadence de Thomas Couture, Les Châtiments de Victor Hugo incitent le premier public à une lecture allégorique. Le chronotope de l’assemblée dénonce l’illusion d’un pouvoir et figure le devenir historique. Flaubert s’approprie ainsi de façon originale le genre du roman archéologique tel que l’abbé Barthélemy l’inventa ou tel que Henryk Sienkiewick le prolongera. S’y vérifie sa définition de l’histoire comme réflexion du présent sur le passé.Some scholars like Anne Green have shown that Flaubert in his historical novel, Salammbô, frequently alludes to contemporary history in spite of the obvious difference between the Carthaginian civilization and the modern world. In this essay I will try to grasp the shift in referenciality through a small description (a meeting between the wealthy, inspired by Aristotle’s Politics: Hugolian images of decadence from Les Châtiments appear superimposed on it, so that the archeological novel turns into an allegorical satire on the Second Empire.

  15. Gurruminos, petimetres, abates y currutacos en el teatro breve del siglo XVIII

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    Sala Valldaura, Josep Maria

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study of certain negative models of sainetes [afterpieces] from the 18th century reveals not only a continuity of comic stereotypes, but also their relationship to the ideals of behaviour of the era: the authority of the husband, the submissiveness of the wife, thriftiness in managing household finances, etc. Afterpieces join other literary genres (journalism, satirical poetry and the moral essay in ridiculing those who are involved in the practice of cortejo and who readily adopt new forms of social behavior, fashions, foreign dances, etc., in contrast to traditional ways and tastes. Examples taken from Antonio de Zamora, Agramont, Ramón de la Cruz, Vázquez and González del Castillo are used to illustrate this reticence towards changes in mentality of a new culture of leisure, as well as to observe it a contrario: its “feminization”, its frivolity, and its uselessness.El estudio de ciertos modelos negativos del teatro breve del siglo XVIII revela no sólo la continuidad cómica de los tipos, sino también su relación con los ideales de conducta coetáneos: la autoridad del marido, la discreción de la mujer, el cuidado de la economía familiar... Los sainetes se unen a otros géneros literarios (el periodismo, la poesía satírica y el ensayo de carácter moral en la ridiculización de quienes practican el cortejo y aplauden nuevas formas de sociabilidad, las modas y los bailes extranjeros, etc. frente a la conducta y los gustos tradicionales. Ejemplos tomados de Antonio de Zamora, Agramont, Ramón de la Cruz, Vázquez y González del Castillo sirven para argumentar tales reticencias ante el cambio de mentalidades de una nueva cultura del ocio, así como para observarlo a contrario: su “afeminación”, su frivolidad y su inutilidad.

  16. The Problem of Anonymity in Archives: A Literature Review=Arşivlerde Anonimlik Sorunu: Bir Literatür Değerlendirmesi

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    Emily Ross

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Archivists processing documents rely on factors such as authorship and provenance to contextualize their materials and render them searchable. But in my past experience as an archives user, I repeatedly came across instances of anonymity: letters and diaries by unnamed authors or to unknown recipients, photographs of unknown subjects. In some cases this anonymity is a loss of information that was once there, but in other case it enabled the material to come into existence in the first place: such as in the case of satirical political poetry, for which a writer might face legal censure. In this literature review, the issue of anonymity in the archives is explored, both in a pragmatic sense (recommended strategies for managing it, and a philosophical sense (according anonymous documents the same status as documents with known authors./Arşivcilikte belgelerin işlenmesi, materyallerin kavramsallaştırılması ve aranabilir hale gelmesinde önemli olan yazarlık ve kaynak (menşe gibi faktörlere dayanmaktadır. Ancak bir arşiv kullanıcısı olarak deneyimlerimizde defalarca isimsiz yazarlar tarafından bilinmeyen kişilere atfedilmiş mektuplar ve günlükler, bilinmeyen konuların fotoğrafları gibi anonim eserlerle karşılaşmaktayız. Bir zamanlar bu anonimlik bazen bir bilgi kaybı olarak görülürken bazen de belgenin yazarının yasal kınamaya maruz kalabildiği hicivli siyasi bir şiir örneğinde olduğu gibi eserin ilk etapta ortaya çıkmasını sağlamaktaydı. Bu literatür taramasında arşivlerde anonimlik sorunu hem pragmatik anlamda (konunun yönetimi için önerilen stratejiler hem de felsefi anlamda (anonim belgelere uygun olarak bilinen yazarlı belgelerle aynı statüde ele alınmaktadır.

  17. Are Head Coverings the New Black? Sheitels and the Religious-Secular Culture Wars in Twenty-first-century America and its Literature

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    Karen E. H. Skinazi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In 1896, when Abraham Cahan’s collection of new Americans encouraged his greenhorn Gitl to remove her wig—which sits on her head as the metonymic symbol of religious ritual and thus Old World shame—readers of 'Yekl' were offered an account of twentieth-century American progress, rendered necessary (if painful. Just as Yekl/Jake shaved his earlocks and beard, so Gitl must give up her Jewish wig and stand before the world in her ‘own hair’. But we might imagine the necessity of such a sacrifice has become obsolete in twenty-first-century America, particularly as we see that what the grandmother doffed, the granddaughter comes to don. Beginning with a revival of religious themes in the 1980s, heralded by Cynthia Ozick, Jewish American literature is now rich with narratives centered on secular characters becoming Orthodox; on the inner-worlds of insular Orthodox communities; and on reimagining the potential of Orthodoxy within the context of Americanness. Interestingly, most of these narratives have been written by women, and it is the experiences of Jewish American women–the latter-day Gitls–that are foregrounded. Despite the proliferation of such narratives, it is important to recognize that the choice to embrace religion (made visible through wigs and shpitzels, turbans and kerchiefs continues to be fraught. The increasingly popular ‘off-the-derech’, or ex-Orthodox, memoirs of the twenty-first century identify the Jewish 'sheitel', like the Muslim veil, as a symbol of oppression, and the act of uncovering (like unveiling a tale of feminist triumph. Still, looking at a range of fiction, including Allegra Goodman’s 'Kaaterskill Falls' (1998, Nathan Englander’s short story ‘The Wig’ (2007, and Naomi Ragen’s satire, 'The Saturday Wife' (2007, we find the multivalent appearance and complexity of Jewish American women’s head coverings in recent literature suggest a different and varied signification, and a more nuanced

  18. Ars saturae: misli o satiri in njenih obrazih. Uvodnik v tematski sklop „o satiri“

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    Nataša Golob

    2011-12-01

    Evropski in slovenski okvir – izkušnje niso tako vsaksebi, da ne bi prepoznali večnih in vesoljnih zakonov človekovega dejanja in nehanja. Vendar: ali se še kdaj spomnimo na Pudelbal Feliksa Antona Deva (1732–1786, kjer je prek pustnega, maškeradnega plesa na pahljačo vseh mogočih tipov prižebljal ljubljansko »purgarijo« v literarni ringaraja, tako da je začetno lahkotno šopirjenje izzvenelo v nelahkotni antitezi o sprenevedanju, večnem laganju in podobnih značajskih odličnostih. Obolos baročnemu času je jezikovno bogastvo, kopičenje satirično-parodičnih oznak, ki jih je Dev nalepil paradirajočim osebkom na odru, iz katerih dehti moralna sprijenost. To je satira o malih dušah. In še brezkončni izvir, namreč briljantno pletenje Ivana Cankarja in mnogoobraznih satiričnih motivov, v dobršni meri izvirajočih iz politične odvisnosti in narodno-zavedne neurejenosti, tako da je v resnici »kostanj posebne sorte«, ki so se mu v različnih tonalitetah pridružila najboljša peresa prve polovice 20. stoletja. Cankarjevo satiropisje je veljalo »zlasti farizeju, hlapcu, dogmatiku, renegatu,« pravi Franc Zadravec, »maske snema z vsakršnih duhovnih in moralnih spak nekdanjih in sedanjih časov.«7 Satirik je po definiciji svojega početja brezkompromisni opazovalec človekovih dejanj. Izhodišče za tematske prispevke v tej številki Ars et humanitas je dalo polju satire, satiričnega, satirikov itd. odprte poti. Kakršno koli je že naše vsakdanje delo, vsi smo se s temi temami srečavali v raznih konceptualnih in oblikovnih izrazih in pri razrešitvi vprašanja največkrat ni zadoščal pogled samo ene stroke. To povezovanje disciplin je temeljna lastnost te revije, ki goji načelo medkulturnih in interdisciplinarnih perspektiv, zato so bili prispevki dolžni spoštovati le nosilno besedo »satira«.

  19. O FALO COMO SEXUALIDADE E JOCOSIDADE NAS REPRESENTAÇÕES DE SILENO NO DRAMA SATÍRICO CICLOPE NA CERÂMICA DOS SÉCULOS VI e V a.c. (Dossiê: O Mundo Antigo: Literatura e Historiografia

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    Leandro Mendonça Barbosa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O que se pretende com este artigo é perceber como a representação fálica – uma constante em diversos aspectos da arte grega – foi inserida nos contextos de Sileno, divindade participante do cortejo dionisíaco e que possuía, dentre outras características, uma sexualidade latente. Desde o período arcaico esta criatura já é representada itifálica, possuindo um aspecto ao mesmo tempo jocoso e altamente sexualizado. Neste artigo abordaremos a relação da sexualidade fálica de Sileno com o poder sexual masculino, inerente a sociedades patriarcais como a de Atenas. Entender a representação fálica como elemento deste patriarcado, e como este se insere na questão de Sileno, é primordial. Para nossas análises lançaremos mão do drama satírico Ciclope, escrito no século V a.C. por Eurípides, e de imagens em cerâmica produzidas entre os séculos VI e V a.C.Palavras-Chave: Sileno, falo, sexualidade, jocosidadeAbstract: The aim of this work is to understand how the phallic representation - a constant in many aspects of Greek art - was inserted in the contexts of Sileno, participant divinity of the Dionysian procession, who had, among other features, a latent sexuality. Since the archaic period this creature has already a phallic representation, looking like, at the same time, highly sexualized facetious. In this article we discuss the relationship of phallic sexuality of Sileno, with male sexual power inherent in patriarchal societies such as Athens. Understanding the phallic representation as part of the patriarchy, and how this fits into the question of Sileno, is paramount. To our analysis we will use the satirical drama Ciclope, written in the V BC by Eurípides, and images produced in Attica between the VI and V BC.Keywords: Silenus, phallus, sexuality, Attica.Recebido em: 07/07/2015  – Aceito em 28/08/2015

  20. Los sistemas educativos en la memoria heterodoxa del cine europeo Education in European Cinema and Society’s Exclusion of the Young

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    Enrique Martínez-Salanova Sánchez

    2010-10-01

    viewpoint that is sometimes satirical and occasionally savage. The exclusion, marginalization, neglect and manipulation of children and adolescents, and the abuse and merciless severity of certain educational systems are all part of the collective European memory thanks to the condemnation of some of the best films ever made in the continent. They ask pointed questions about educational systems, the behaviour of teachers and inadequate didactics, as well as tackling the conflicts in a multiethnic society.

  1. Quebec separatism in Canadian utopian fiction and the quest for a postcolonial future Le séparatisme au Québec dans la fiction utopique canadienne et la quête d’un avenir postcolonial

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    Ralph Pordzik

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet essai traite du rôle des auteurs de fiction spéculative dans l’élaboration d’une identité politique particulière au Québec. Au fil des ans, les conflits politiques ont, au Canada, inspiré un grand nombre de nouvelles et de romans portant sur les conséquences de la dissolution de la Confédération qui, pour la plupart, évoquent le morcellement du pays suite au succès politique des mouvements séparatistes. Les utopies à la recherche d’un avenir où les différents groupes culturels vivent en parfaite symbiose dans une société démocratique sont rares cependant. Cet article propose une lecture de The Underdogs (1979, une satire politique de William Weintraub, qui permet de démontrer le sens des fictions moins impliquées dans la poursuite d’allégories englobantes d’une identité nationale que dans la célébration d’une diversité culturelle et sociale propre à un contexte multiculturel. Dans The Underdogs, Weintraub valorise une culture politique plus « intégrée » et a foi dans un avenir où une coexistence harmonieuse des différents groupes, pour peu qu’ils réussissent à se défaire de la rigueur des catégories linguistiques et des croyances dans des absolus culturels tels que la race, la nation et l’identité. Comme le spécifie cet article, le roman devrait se lire comme un compte rendu majeur sur la crise culturelle québécoise des années 1970, un mélange de perceptions régionales liées à un concept plus large d’affiliation et d’échange cross-culturels.

  2. Biografia intelektualna Emila Ciorana (Emil Cioran's Intellectual Biography

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    Sławomir Piechaczek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available On the formation of Cioran’s vision of the world and man, influenced largely his belonging to precisely this and no other nation. Romanian fatalism, inability to illusions, seeing the inevitable, the Romanian people’s faith in the fact that sin and creation are the same and constant accusations against this creation are the constitutiveelements of Cioran’s thought. Carrying the baggage of experiences of the nation thrown out of history and time, Cioran, as a Romanian emigrant in France, found the best model for his own writing in rhetorical and satirical tradition of the French moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, who were a combination of“lyrical sublimity and cynicism”, gentleness and hell. They showed him not only what is uncompromising in pursuing the motives of human action, looking at every thing from many different perspectives, or suspicion of any kind of doctrine, but they also became for him a model of style. Of all literary forms cultivated by moralists, Cioranappreciated most the fragment, that is to say a closed form, often paradoxical and witty that having nothing in common with the characteristic for large systems long strings of argument – that was a form of recording experience, and like this experience, assumed discontinuity. Being a spokesperson for the “philosophy of the onlymoments”, Cioran advocated not only against the system, but also against academic philosophy – grown with indifference, regardless of the state of mind, it seemed to him the result of reduction of vitality and a kind of escape into the impersonal world of unrest. State, which fully made Cioran realize the futility resorting to this kind of philosophy, was insomnia, from which the Romanian philosopher had suffered more or less since he was seventeen. According to the author of the Fall in the Time insomnia and boredom are the “minimum imbalance”, which we have to experience, when we want to get closer to some

  3. Mark Twain: inocente ou pecador? = Mark Twain: innocent or sinner?

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    Heloisa Helou Doca

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A leitura cuidadosa do texto do “Tratado de Paris”, em 1900, leva Mark Twain a concluir que a intenção política norte-americana era, claramente, a de subjugação. Declara-se, abertamente, antiimperialista, nesse momento, apesar das inúmeras críticasrecebidas por antagonistas políticos que defendiam o establishment dos Estados Unidos. Após viajar para a Europa e Oriente, em 1867, como correspondente do jornal Daily Alta Califórnia, Mark Twain publica, em 1869, seu relato de viagem, The Innocents Abroad or TheNew Pilgrim’s Progress. Nosso estudo demonstra que o autor, apesar das diversas máscaras usadas em seus relatos, narra histórias, culturas e tradições, tanto da Europa quanto do Oriente, já com os olhos bem abertos pelo viés antiimperialista. Faz uso da paródia, sátira, ironia e humor para dessacralizar impérios, monarcas e a Igreja que subjugavam os mais fracos, iluminando, desde então, os estudos sobre culturas. Nosso estudo, outrossim, faz uma reflexão sobre cultura, tradição e o olhar do viajante, justificando o “olhar inocente” do narrador em seu relato.After carefully reading the Treaty of Paris in 1900, Mark Twain concluded that the goal of U.S. policy was clearly one ofsubjugation. He openly declared himself an anti-imperialist at that time, in spite of the numerous criticisms he received from political opponents who supported the United States status quo. After traveling to Europe and the East in 1867 as a correspondent for The DailyAlta California newspaper, Mark Twain published his travel report, The Innocents Abroad or The New Pilgrim’s Progress in 1869. Our study demonstrates that the author, in spite of using different guises in his reports, narrated histories, cultures and traditions – from both Europe and the East – with a viewpoint already imbued by his anti-imperialistic ideals. Twain made use of parody, satire, irony and humor within his texts in order to desecrate empires,monarchs and

  4. Cartillas políticas y catecismos constitucionales en el Cádiz de las Cortes: un género viejo para la creación de una nueva sociedad

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    Sánchez Hita, Beatriz

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available During the years of the Peninsular War, the simple crossed questions of the religious catechisms, is progressively loaded with a political sense, being a efficient way of transmission for the principles of the brand-new bourgeois social system, in which the concern about the education of the subject, in order to make him/her a citizen, will be the main characteristic. However, it will be possible notice fairly important differences within the pamphlets of this time, depending on the place and time of its publication. In the particular case of Cadiz, it will be possible to divide catechisms in three periods: «fight», «theoretical-pedagogical speculation» and «constitutional indoctrination». On the other hand, the phenomenon of the adaptation of the catechism to political events will be found in others formulas with a religious tradition (fervent speeches. Creeds, etc., in which sometimes, just like in the first instance, the resort to the satire as a mechanism of denunce will also be present.Durante la Guerra de la Independencia la sencilla estructura de preguntas y respuesta con sentido unívoco del catecismo religioso se carga de contenido político, convirtiéndose de este modo en un instrumento eficaz para la transmisión de los postulados doctrinales que sustentaban el nuevo sistema social clasista, en el que la preocupación por la educación en éstos del individuo para convertirlo en ciudadano será la nota dominante. Sin embargo, van a poder apreciarse diferencias notables entre los opúsculos que surgen en el citado lapso temporal en virtud del momento y del lugar en el que ven la luz. Atendiendo al caso gaditano se distinguirán tres períodos que he denominado: «de combate», «de especulación teórico-pedagógica» y «de adoctrinamiento constitucional». Por otro lado, el fenómeno de adaptación del catecismo a las circunstancias políticas se va a dar en otras fórmulas de raigambre religiosa (jaculatorias, credos, etc

  5. Sur les Lettres diverses d’Henry Le Bret, éditeur de Cyrano et prévôt de l’église de Montauban

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    Madeleine Alcover

    2009-03-01

    this book : Lettres diverses par Henry Le Bret, prévôt de l’église cathédrale de Montauban, Montauban (?, ca 1678-1681.Among the addenda completing this article are a brief account of the controversy between Le Bret and the minister Pierre Isarn, a restitution of one of his remarks concerning Boileau’s Satire IX, and his quasi unknown éloge de la petite vérole.

  6. The New Art of Writing Plays in This Time: Spanish Golden Age Comedy

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    Branka Kalenić Ramšak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the context of Spanish Golden Age art, especially drama, in which Félix Lope de Vega played an indispensable role. His comedy defied the rules of classical drama and sought to find a new and independent path within Baroque aesthetics. The golden age of Spanish art, especially literature, began right at the transition between the fi fteenth and sixteenth centuries, when poets, writers, and playwrights created a number of excellent works that qualitatively placed Spanish literature in an entirely new light. Since then, its contribution to laying the foundations for the modern age of European literature has been indispensable. During the Baroque period the Spanish world turned into a theatrum mundi; reality was becoming increasingly apparent, and life was a dream. Artists were looking for refuge either in the spiritual aesthetic of extreme alienation or in hermetic mockery of burlesque reality, which often led to harsh grotesque. However, for the artist, the most important freedom was still creativity. Through the entire sixteenth century, the Spanish theater combined classical satirical theater and popular art. Various types of drama, all referred to by the generic term “comedy,” were performed in corrales ‘urban courtyards’. The Comedia de corral had a dual objective: to entertain a heterogeneous audience and to address those more educated about the deeper issues of human existence. The Spanish theater received a final image with the comedies of Lope de Vega, who was also the founder of a new dramatic style and the most fruitful playwright of all time worldwide. His comedy has become a new drama form, based on the Spanish literary tradition but also classified in Baroque art aesthetics. The New Art of Writing Plays in Th is Time (1609 is a theoretical text by Lope de Vega on a new comedy, which he finally separated from Aristotle’s Poetics. In the text he indicated a revolutionary position for his time; namely

  7. December Liberties: Playing with the Roman Poets in the High-Medieval Schools

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    Mia Münster-Swendsen

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses how and to what ends eleventh- to early thirteenth-century writers from the schools, monastic as well as secular, more or less explicitly incorporated elements from and allusions to the canon of classical Roman poetry into their own work. What function did these elements have, beyond literary embellishment and erudite showing-off? This essay remains a historian's view and represents a historian's attempt to grapple with the meaning and function of this classicising literature in its particular social setting – namely that of the northern European educational milieus of the two centuries after the first millennium. The hypothesis is that these intertextual references played a crucial part in making it possible to engage in very direct and often outrageous satire – which functioned as a clever pedagogical tool to enliven teaching, but also seems to have had a connection to a specific time in the school calendar, namely the Christmas season, during which the unwritten rules of decorum and restrictions that governed social interaction in the school community were momentarily relaxed. It is my contention that these texts were not an aberration from a more solemn and serious norm, but integral parts of a didactic and distinctly performative practice, which included a deliberate, subtly regulated playing with roles of power and authority and, not least, role-reversals. This seems particularly to be the case in the correspondence (real or imagined consisting of letter-poems – often erotically explicit – between teachers and their students. A select number of examples of this intriguing literature, from various milieus and settings, are presented, and the essay addresses the question of how we as modern scholars should interpret it – particularly if our aim is to use it as a repository of historical source material regarding the social life of the high-medieval learned milieus. It is contended that these remarkable and

  8. Dog-type : amours de chiens, chiennes d’images et types ordinaires dans le daguerréotype américain

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    François Brunet

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to elucidate the phrase “dog-type” as applied colloquially to the daguerreotype in several American sources of the mid-19th century. After a glimpse at the photographic representation of animals in the medium’s first decades, I sketch out the role of the dog figure in American daguerreotype portraiture. This is followed by a close reading of a story published in 1849 by T.S. Arthur and the adjoining illustration, showing a “sitting” session at the daguerreotypist’s, and featuring in prominent position a dog. This dog seems to acknowledge the humiliation of his master by the process and thus to suggest a social interpretation of the daguerreotype portrait protocol. I conclude with a lexicological and contextual analysis of the phrase “dog-type” and its various possible meanings, whether satirical or not.Cet article est un essai d’élucidation de l’expression dog-type en tant qu’appellation familière du daguerréotype attestée dans plusieurs sources américaines du milieu du XIXe siècle. Après un bref aperçu de la représentation photographique des animaux dans les premières décennies du médium, on commence par esquisser la place du chien dans l’art américain du portrait au daguerréotype. Est ensuite proposée une lecture rapprochée d’une nouvelle de T.S. Arthur parue en 1849 et de l’illustration qu’elle donne de la séance de pose chez le daguerréotypiste. Y figure en bonne place un chien qui semble accuser l’humiliation de son maître au cours de la séance de pose et ainsi suggérer une interprétation sociale du protocole du portrait photographique vers 1850. On en vient enfin à une analyse lexicologique et contextuelle de l’expression dog-type et de ses diverses significations potentielles, satiriques ou non.

  9. 書與烏托邦 The Book and Utopia

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    Liyun Hu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available 各種烏托邦及小說反烏托邦小說中,都能搜尋到書的影子。總的來看,烏托邦中,書的命運多舛,經受焚毀、刪改、廢棄、偽造、定制、工具化等等諸般歷煉,遭到「不許讀」、「不需讀」,乃至「不能讀」的待遇。在集權與個體的對抗,絕對理性主義與感性對抗,技術主義(非人與自然主義(人性的對抗中,書,作為自由精神的體現、歷史的見證、真理的代言、情感的催化劑,成為了被禁對象。耐人尋味的是,這些揭示了書的命運的烏托邦小說,多遭受過被列為禁書的命運。在人類歷史長河中,書的禁與放,毀與藏,不僅與時代的發展脈絡息息相關,且體現了人們在不斷地嘗試調節書所具有的雙刃性之間的張力,而反對審查制度,追求知識自由,永遠是其中的主旋律。Book is always appeared in various Utopian or dystopian fictions. Generally speaking, in Utopia, the book’s destiny is burning, mutilation, abandonment, forgery, customization, instrumentalization, and so on. Under the description, book encounters treatments as “cannot read”, “need not read”, and even “cannot read”. In the conflict between centralization and individual, absolute rational- ism and emotionalism, technical principle (inhuman and naturalism (human nature, book, as the manifestation of the spirit of freedom, historical witness, truth endorsement, and emotional catalyst, has become a prohibited object. Satirically, many utopian and dystopian books which reveal the fate of book in utopia suffered the fate of being listed as banned books. In the long river of human history, the book’s ban and release, destroyed and hidden, is not only closely linked with the development of thought, but also show that people are constantly trying to adjust the tension of the double-edged nature in book. And opposed to censorship, the pursuit of intellectual freedom is always one of the main theme.

  10. Les origines antiques d’un « art de la prudence » chez Baltasar Gracián

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    Karl Alfred Blüher

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article met en évidence que l’« art de la prudence » que Baltasar Gracián propose dans son Oráculo manual renoue avec les méthodes de l’ars vitæ et de la prudentia tactique que les penseurs gréco-latins de l’Antiquité avaient développées, en se servant souvent de formules frappantes, maximes et adages. Les aphorismes de Gracián puisent dans le riche trésor de cette sagesse pragmatique, empruntant tout autant les traits d’un certain stoïcisme que d’habiles conseils d’« adaptation » et de « dissimulation ». Les éléments de cet « art de la prudence » proviennent de quatre domaines différents : ouvrages philosophiques, notamment Sénèque, Épictète et Plutarque ; littérature gnomique, telles les sentences des Sept Sages de Grèce ou celles de Publilius Syrus ; écrits satiriques, surtout Martial et Perse ; et réflexions d’ordre politique et moral de Tacite.This article argues that the « art of prudence » recommended by Baltasar Gracián in his Oráculo manual revives the methods of the ancient Greeks and Romans who had been advocating an ars vitae and a tactical prudentia, which they often expressed as striking slogans, maxims and adages. Gracián’s « aphorisms » draw on the rich treasure of this pragmatic wisdom, adopting the features of a certain stoicism but also the cunning counsel praising « adaptation » and « dissimulation ». The components of this « art of prudence » belong to four different fields : philosophical works, in particular Seneca, Epictetus and Plutarch ; gnomic literature, such as the maxims of the Seven Sages or those of Publilius Syrus ; satirical writings, especially Martial and Persius ; and Tacitus’ political and moral thought.

  11. Editorial

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    Judith Winters

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Billed in the press as the world's 'oldest calendar', Issue 34 has closed to a rather large bang with the publication of 'Time and a Place: A luni-solar 'time-reckoner' from 8th millennium BC Scotland' by Vince Gaffney and colleagues. Three weeks on from its release, it is still doing the rounds on Twitter and achieving a certain level of public consciousness with its own series of jokes. And even a topic for the satirical Daily Mash website (readers of a sensitive disposition look away now. The article contained a series of visualisations which of course could only be presented as part of the final publication in an online format, but another reason for IA being chosen as the place of publication was the ability to be responsive and to publish quickly without the restrictions of a print schedule. In this instance, the first draft was submitted to me on 19 June then peer-reviewed, edited, proofed and published by 13 July! I don't think I have ever worked harder and so quickly than I did in the days leading up to publication but the publicity received was probably worth it. I did learn a few things about the way the traditional press works and how press releases get circulated, chewed up and spat out with details (like links to the original source [cough] slowly being edited out but all in all, it's a process I am more than happy to repeat. July was definitely a good month for the journal as it also saw the release of 'A Late Roman Well at Heslington East, York: ritual or routine practices?' by Steve Roskams, Cath Neal, Jane Richardson and Ruth Leary and got its reasonable share of publicity too. The article is Open Access thanks to the support of by the Archaeology Department Research Committee at York, and was picked up by traditional press and new media alike, and shows what can be done by lifting your gaze above the trench edge. It was always going to be hard to top those two articles in terms of publicity but the other articles in the issue

  12. Esta tenzon fezeron Pero da Ponte e Afonso Anes do Coton. Edição e estudo do debate B969/V556

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    Déborah González Martínez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pero da Ponte e Afonso Eanes do Coton são dois destacados autores de cantigas transmitidas nos cancioneiros galego-portugueses: o Cancioneiro da Ajuda, o Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional (Cód. 10991 e o Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Vaticana (Vat. Lat. 4803. A estreita relação entre estes dois trovadores confirma-se pelas menções a ambos no interior de vários textos de natureza satírica e pela interação em duas cantigas dialogadas. O presente trabalho consiste numa nova edição crítica da tenção entre Afonso Eanes do Coton e Pero da Ponte (Pero da Pont’, e[n] un vosso cantar, B969 / V556, oferecendo novas respostas a velhas dificuldades ecdóticas. O texto vai acompanhado de anotação e estudo, pois o diálogo desenvolve vários temas de especial interesse para os estudos trovadorescos: a classe social e a atividade profissional dos interlocutores.Pero da Ponte and Afonso Eanes do Coton are two renowned authors of cantigas contained in the galician-portuguese songbooks: the Cancioneiro da Ajuda, the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional (Cód. 10991 and the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Vaticana (Vat. Lat. 4803. The close relationship between these troubadours is confirmed by some references in satirical texts and, mainly, by the dialogued song Pero da Pont’, e[n] un vosso cantar (B969 / V556. This work offers a new critical edition of this tenção with notes and literary study. The dialogue develops several topics of interest for the studies about troubadours: social class and professional activity of the interlocutors.  

  13. Eesti luuletaja päris oma prantsuse luuleraamat. August Sanga, Jaan Krossi ja Ain Kaalepi loomingust 1960. aastail / An Estonian Poet’s Own Book of French Poetry. About the Works of August Sang, Jaan Kross and Ain Kaalep in the 1960s

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    Katre Talviste

    2013-12-01

    poeticism are his purposeful intentions. Were his linguistic and form-pertaining principles intentional or intuitive, they are still consistent and can be seen in his translations as well as in his original poetry. Although Võileib suudlusega is principally a collection of lyrical poetry, it displays some inclinational or even some generic closeness to Molière. We can feel a sharp sense of comedy, and often there is a powerful dramatic element in Sang’s poems. His poetic self experiences and interprets himself and the surrounding world through scenes that embody some kind of conflicts or antitheses; showing varying moods, they often contain satirical, benevolently humorous or self-ironizing elements. Concerning Jaan Kross, his translations of Béranger and Éluard have been examined against the background of the developments in his own poetry of the 1960s. The closest comparison has been made between the collection of his own poems Vihm teeb toredaid asju (1969 and the selected collection of Éluard’s poems Veel enne kostma peab, published the same year. Béranger’s traditional verse and his cheerful yet satirical view of the world around him are quite close to Kross’ own earlier poetics and attitudes. The more varied and mostly free verse poetry of Éluard, with its more intimate subjects but also more abstract way of thinking, is better reflected in Kross’ works of the late 1960s.  When we look at Ain Kaalep’s poetry, his translations of Prévert’s poems have been compared with his own collection Aomaastikud (1962. We can see a Prévert-like formal method in the structure of his poems and in the development of his subjects, but Kaalep’s poetry is characterised by his search for a much broader variety of form. Experiencing and translating somebody else’s poetry is, characteristically, the starting point of Kaalep’s search and also its method. Thus, working with Prévert’s texts is an essential part of Kaalep’s own poetry, although there are only

  14. Tanzimat Hareketleri Karşısında Aşık Seyrani Ashik Seyrânî Against Tanzimat (Reform Movements

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    Eyüp AKMAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ashik Seyrani lived between the years1800 and 1866. He was originally from Develi, Kayseri. He saw three thrones in this whole life. These are; III. Selim, II.Mahmut and Abdulmecit. His teenage and adulthood ages were in last two ones. Seyrani, expressed the emotions of the society against the innovation and westernization movements which were developed in II.Mahmut era and formalized with political reforms in Abdulmecit era. Moreover, he didn’t hesitate to depict faults and irregularities that he saw in the society without any fear from the sultan. Seyrani is considerably successful in the literary genre which is called “irony” in the classical literature and “satire” in the folk literature. This is somewhat related to his nature and character. Having come to Istanbul to pursue his profession, Seyrani, like his contemporaries, had a yearning for joining the poet-singers of the court. But, his desire did not come true. That was most probably the reason why he severely satirized the court officials, particularly the grand viziers. Another reason why Seyrani had such a firm stand against the court was the disbandment of the Janissaries. Like the other Bektashi poets, Seyrani who had a tendency towards Bektashism could not accept the disbandment of the Janissaries, and therefore took a negative stand against the court. Social and economic life of the nineteenth century is likely to be seen in the poems of Seyrani. The situation of the country after the Reform movements, extravagant spendings of the court, people’s failure in keeping up with the newnesses, Sultans’ personally adopting a Western way of living, and corruption of the judiciary due to judge’s involvement in bribery were particularly satirized in the poems of Seyrani. In this study, Reform movements and how these movements reflected on the society will be put into words with reference to poems of Seyrani and the era will be evaluated. Âşık Seyrani, 1800-1866 y

  15. Nef’i’nin Kasidelerinde Mübalağa Sanatındaki Ayrıntılar Details of the Hypperbolısm in the Odes of Nef’i

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    Ali BALALAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Nef’i is one of the most powerful ode and satirical poet of Divan literature. He had used all the details of hyperbolisim in his poems. He had used the hyperbolisim by using the power of poetry but at the same time he had not disturb the imagination of the readers while using the hyperbolisim. In order to lighten the mood of hyperbole he always left some doors open. Greatness of sultans are explained in the hyperbolisim related tothe parise of the sultans. Love towards the horses is not an ordinarybare love. He uses horse as an image by giving different meanings. Inhis satires he criticizes in a strong way just the opposite of hispraisings. The explanation of cosmic universe gives chance to explainthe ideas in an indirect way. In the odes of Nef-i the realities areexplained in degrees. In order to understand the meaning of his words,these degrees should be analised in detailes. He had resembled hiswords as an closed magazine. This feature also shows the walue of hisworks. In this ode Nef-i tries to Express the importance of the meaningof the words rather than the structures of the sentences.The poet sometimes sees himself as an diver who searches pear inthe sea of meaning. Sea symbolises the meaning of hugeness,greatness, foreverness. Sea represents the soul of poet and thinkingvisdom of poems. The poet had tried to explain his dream world whenhe had used the hyperbolisim in his poems. While he was exaggeratingthe events, he had tried to explain the hiden reality and he had alsotried to show the most extraordinarry events as ordinary tings.Theability of using hyperbolisim in his poems comes from this feature. Nef’i, Divan edebiyatının en güçlü kaside ve hiciv şairidir. Nef’i, kasidelerinde mübalağa sanatının bütün detaylarını işlemiştir. Şiirin üst dilinden yararlanarak mübalağa sanatını en iyi kullanan sanatçı, okuyucunun hayalini incitmemiştir. Şiirlerindeki aşırı abartıyı yumuşatmak için mutlaka bir a

  16. Un taccuino a forma di strada. Su "Einbahnstrasse" di Walter Benjamin

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    Pier Giovanni Adamo

    2016-05-01

    distinction of form and mind. Linguistic and thematic materials in literature comes from mind itself, according to Peter Szondi. Therefore, one could maintain that in modern literature hybridization is the crossing process of materials through forms. In this regard, Walter Benjamin’s One-Way Street is a remarkable work, as the most oddly assorted materials are combined in order to shape an innovative form. Prose poetry, diary, (antisurrealistic method, satire, philosophical intuitions are merged into it. On the other hand, his uniqueness lies first on the meta-critical gist of the book’s structure: the  ystematic use of fragments is a practical application of the allegorical assembly theory, as described in The Origin of German Tragic Drama. Therefore, the present essay aims to read the text as «a street-shaped notebook», reflecting on how it can be considered a prologue to The Arcades Project, originated by the reading of Aragon’s Paris Peasant. The comparison established in the following pages between the German thinker and the Surrealism tries to detect, despite a substantial affinity, two different approaches in the use of assemblage techniques (especially about the attitude towards advertising. Analysing One-Way Street this way shows how Benjamin combines literary models (Baudelaire, Proust, Kraus with new artistic languages and press strategies in order to create a «dialectical image» of the 20thcentury.

  17. Ampélos, Carpos et Hylas. Nonnos face à Théocrite et Apollonios de Rhodes Ampelus, Carpus and Hyla. Nonnus face to face with Teocritus ans Apollonius of Rhodes Ampelo, Carpo e Ila. Nonno dinanzi a Teocrito e Apollonio Rodio

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    Marie-Christine Fayant

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available L’influence, souvent soulignée, de la poésie hellénistique sur les Dionysiaques de Nonnos de Panopolis revêt des formes diverses. Dans l’épisode d’Ampélos, lorsqu’il évoque la disparition du jeune Satyre aimé de Dionysos, dont la métamorphose posthume donne naissance à la vigne (chants 10-12, Nonnos, par un jeu subtil d’intertextualité avec le chant I des Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes et l’Idylle XIII de Théocrite, invite à rapprocher le drame d’Ampélos et la légende d’Hylas, éromène d’Héraclès dont la disparition met fin à la participation du héros à l’expédition des Argonautes. L’article analyse les procédés mis en œuvre par Nonnos pour faire référence à ses prédécesseurs hellénistiques et les significations possibles, tant littéraires que mythologiques, de ces renvois à la légende d’Hylas.The influence, often remarked upon, of hellenistic poetry on Nonnus’ Dionysiaca, assumes different forms. In the Ampelus episode, when Nonnus evokes the disappearance of the young satire, loved by Dionysus, whose posthumous metamorphosis gives birth to the vine (Books 10-12, the poet, through subtle intertextual play with Book I of Apollonius of Rhodes’ Argonautica and Theocritus’ Idyll XIII, invites his reader to compare Ampelus’ drama with the legend of Hylas, Heracles’ eromenos, whose disappearance puts an end to the participation of that hero in the Argonauts’ expedition. The article analyses the processes Nonnus uses to reference his hellenistic predecessors, and also the possible meanings, both literary and mythological, of these reflections upon the Hylas legend.L’influsso, spesso sottolineato, della poesia ellenistica sulle Dionisiache di Nonno di Panopoli si riveste di forme differenti. Nell’episodio di Ampelo, quando egli evoca la scomparsa le giovane satiro amato da Dioniso la cui metamorfosi postuma dà vita alla vigna (canti 10-12, Nonno, in un sottile

  18. Prensa satírica y poder político

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    Fausta Gantús

    2004-09-01

    ciudad de México y acercarnos al conocimiento de la disputa en torno al tema de la reelección, en particular desde la perspectiva del humor.In Mexico, 1876 was characterized by electoral struggle, Tuxtepec revolt and the tense relationships between the government and the press. During this year, the ambitions and interests at the successful military Porfirio Díaz came at odds with those at the audacious politician Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada and their respective partisans. Díaz wanted to concrete his aspirations to become president meanwhile Lerdo pretended to stay in the power. In this context, the press played a fundamental role, especially, the satiric press which functioned as an instrument of political pressure as well as a guide for public opinion. Thus, during 1876 Mexican society was besieged between both factions.

  19. « C’est eux contre nous » ou « Qui a peur de qui ? » : la rhétorique post-11 septembre de l’administration américaine vue par la caricature de presse

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    Dominique CADINOT

    2011-09-01

    context, on December 15th, three months after the attacks, Atlanta’s major daily newspaper, TheAtlanta Journal-Constitution, ran an editorial cartoon drawn by Mike Luckovich questioning John Ashcroft’s management of the USA PATRIOT Act.The apparent purpose of the caricature is to satirize the way the Arab or Muslim communities are stigmatized as “enemies within” and to critique the artificial dichotomy used by the administration: “Us versus them”.However, the decision to depict John Ashcroft, leader of the domestic war-on-terror apparatus and prominent evangelist, indicates that what is at stake here is the thorny issue of the relations between state power and religion.Since cartoons may provide scholars with a glimpse of the political debate or public opinion surrounding past events, this essay will seek to highlight and reflect on the feelings of millions of Americans who, a few months after the implementation of the national security strategy, initiated a response to those confounding patriotism and bigotry.

  20. Farinelli and the English: “One God” or the Devil? Farinelli chez les Anglais : Dieu ou démon ?

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    Thomas McGeary

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En Angleterre, où l’on se passionne pour l’opéra italien depuis le début du dix-huitième siècle, l’arrivée du castrat italien Farinelli en 1734 déchaîne les passions les plus vives. Les pamphlets et satires qui prirent le chanteur pour cible montrent que celui-ci joua un rôle important dans les bouleversements affectant la façon de concevoir les catégories sexuelles. C’est ainsi par exemple que grâce au personnage du castrat, la femme découvre la possibilité de relations sexuelles sans conséquence pour l’avenir. En recherchant la gratification érotique sans recours à l’homme normalement constitué, elle pervertit donc le système patriarcal dominant. Le débat suscité par le succès de Farinelli en particulier et de l’opéra italien en général concerne aussi les valeurs musicales : la musique n’est plus perçue uniquement comme un art bénéfique, régulateur des passions et source de fierté nationale, mais devient incitation à l’immoralité. L’opéra est non seulement un danger pour la morale, mais aussi pour les finances du pays. L’auteur se concentre ensuite sur le parcours de Farinelli. Si celui-ci rencontre un succès retentissant dès son arrivée à Londres, il y est aussi envisagé dans la presse comme un démon et comme la source de tous les maux de la société. Ses contemporains l’accusent d’avoir perverti le goût esthétique. L’opéra est représenté par exemple dans les peintures de Hogarth comme un monde désordonné où tout sens du devoir est perdu au profit des caprices les plus fous. En 1737, après trois saisons passées à Londres, Farinelli part pour Madrid où il passe les vingt-deux années suivantes au service de la cour. Enfin, il se retire à Bologne. Là, touristes et protecteurs anglais affluent et sont reçus chaleureusement par Farinelli, qui voue une reconnaissance éternelle au pays qui lui a permis de construire sa renommée.

  1. Cinema, paesaggio e turismo “andaluzadas”: la Spagna andalusizzata, patrimonio retroproiettato / Cinema, landscape and “andaluzadas” tourism: the Andalusian Spain, a rear-projected heritage

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    Rocío Liáñez Andrades

    2016-05-01

    , and even Spanish people, themselves, who demonstrated satirical version of this phenomenon of identity theft on a national scale.In order to corroborate our hypothesis, we made a cinematographic analysis (semiotic and of content of three key co-productions with national participation and support with the purpose of qualitatively supporting our hypothesis. It is about films that do not hesitate in immersing themselves in the most obstinate of the stereotypical Andalusian image, by recognizing them in general and recognizing them within themselves. This way it is recognized as much in the ethnographic and folkloric area of productions aimed at international consumers, as well as in the depletion of that image for the national consumer.This article will take you through these cited productions and will demonstrate the possible connections of these “pastiche films” to ones more recently released, such as Mission Impossible 2 (John Woo, 2000, Knight and Day (James Mangold, 2010 o Zindagi na milegi dobara (Zoya Akhtar, 2012.

  2. La « marmitte renversée » : construction discursive et fonctionnement argumentatif d’une insulte dans les polémiques des guerres de religion (1560-1600 The “Overturned Pot”: Discursive Construction and Polemic Use of an Insult during the French Religious Wars (1560-1600

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    Paul-Alexis Mellet

    2012-04-01

    study of several pamphlets (Thomas Beaux-Amis, Theodore Beza, etc., which answer each other in the context of a polemic centred on Christian rites, we expose the discursive dynamics through which the motif of the cooking pot was appropriated as a political insult. We focus in particular on the argumentative processes employed by each camp in throwing the insult back onto their opponent – the study of this batting back and forth enabling us to trace the discursive construction of the insult. We also underline the controversial force of this satirical image, which was naturally associated by both churches with the consolidation of the practice of confession and employed by the Catholics as a tool against conversion to protestantism.

  3. D Modeling of Historical Doger Caravansaries by Digital Photogrammetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakar, M.; Uysal, M.; Toprak, A. S.; Polat, N.

    2013-07-01

    main gate. Today, it has been cancelled to reach upstairs. The underside of the satires is empty. There are two loophole windows at the both two short side. The columns that are near the long walls are bounded each other with arches and overlaid with cross squinches. The rooms in the second floor have domes. One of these rooms was arranged as prey room. The second part of Caravansaries is single storey and walls made of rubble. There are four columns inside the room and they bounded with arches. Back side of the rooms were destroyed by earth quake and restored. This restoration was not appropriate with its original plan but the good one is that the Caravansaries was saved from totally comedown. It is aimed to survey Doger Caravansaries Photogrammetricaly and generate 3D model covered by real tissues. In this study, South NTS-352 Total Station is used to constitute a closed polygon with 6 point. The coordinates of polygon points are calculated by distance and direction measurements. Levelling was carried out for determining the height of polygon points. Photographs was taken by Nikon D7000 camera. 3D model and faces were created in Photomodeler software.

  4. new scientist - singing in the name of climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peragine, Marcel

    2015-04-01

    Basically what I am concerned with as composer, musician, film maker etc. is communicating in any way with the resources available the significance behind human civilization's impact on climate change. I accomplish this with the other components of my band, and the song that follows entitled New Scientist is an attempt to do this using the platform of the popular 3 minute rock song format. This Scientific Symposium is important no doubt, being a wonderful way of bringing creativity into science by inviting artists to participate. However time is running out and getting the message out on the scale necessary to start reversing the damage caused by modern man can only effectively be done with mass communication tools, hence broadcast and social media. The lyrics for New Scientist and other compositions we have in our repertoire try to provoke awareness by being set in the future, talking to the egocentric nature of mankind and to the small percentage of those who have the will and insight to attempt the almost supernatural feat of saving some semblance of human habitat either on Earth, or finding a new one elsewhere in the Universe. It is a bit satirical but oddly enough with world governments firmly in the hands of big business be it dirty oil or the factory farming of animals etc.,radical scientific solutions for the Earth seem to be mankind's only hope. It's great that NASA is finally making an attempt to reactivate manned space flights to Mars and deep space. In fact, nobody has ever taken seriously the impact of this research and technology on fighting climate change on Earth. To give an example, the hydrogen fuel cell is a technology not in use in everyday life in the modern world due to the lack of government special interests and subsidies. The good news however is that many of the scientific breakthroughs pioneered by NASA and its contractors have made available the ecologically friendly tools necessary to reverse climate change if only they would be made

  5. The Language of Paradox in the Ironic Poetry of Emily Dickinson

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    Mustafa Zeki Cirakli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Language of Paradox in the Ironic Poetry of Emily Dickinson Abstract Emily Dickinson’s poetry is characterized by her emphasis on ironic use of discourse that amounts to her persistent manifestation of individuality against hypocrisy and vanity. She exerts her peculiar poetic language in a way that helps deplore as well as explore the paradoxical human condition. This paper argues that Dickinson produces a language of poetry, which, in Cleanth Brooks’ terms, provides the reader with the “language of paradox.” Dickinson’s ironic poetry exemplifies Brooks’ idea that ironic poetry is self-conscious and satiric in nature and is made up of a language of paradox. The study, therefore, aims to reveal how the language of paradox in Dickinson’s poetry yields to irony which is primarily associated with her salient assertiveness, isolation and strong individuality. Emily Dickinson’ın İronik Şiirlerinde Paradokslu Dil Öz Emily Dickinson’ın şiirlerini söylemin ironik kullanımı karakterize eder ve bu özellik onun şiirlerinin toplumdaki iki yüzlülük ve riyakârlığa karşı sürdürdüğü kararlı bireysel duruş ve isyanının dışavurumudur. Dickinson, kendine özgü şiirsel dili insanlık durumunun paradoksal niteliğini araştırmak için olduğu kadar eleştirmek için de etkili biçimde kullanmıştır. Dickinson’ın şiiri, Cleanth Brooks’un “paradokslu dil” olarak tanımladığı bir dil kullanır. Brooks, ironik şiirin öz-farkındalığı olan ve doğası gereği eleştirel tonu yüksek ve temelde paradokslu dilden oluşmuş olduğunu ileri sürer. Bu çalışma, Dickinson’ın ironik şiir dilinin Brooks’un bu kanısını doğruladığını ortaya koymaktadır. Dolayısıyla bu çalışma, Dickinson’un şiirlerindeki paradokslu dilin yazarın dikkat çekici sesi, kendini toplumdan soyutlaması ve toplum karşısındaki güçlü bireyselliğinin dışa vurumunu imleyen ironiyi incelemektedir.

  6. Orígenes de la historieta española, 1857-1906

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    Barrero, Manuel

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the evolution of the comics in Spain during the 19th century. It’s accepted that comic medium was born in the 1830s and this article offers a research about the primitive comics in Spain and its slowing development in Spanish satiric magazines, highlighting its milestones. The text proposses a frame of reference to understand the born of the genuine comic magazines in the dawn of the 20th century, and reveals the situation of the Spanish producers of comics, which has not become aware of their work in the new medium until the end of the century. We identify thar the first Spanish cartoonists and comic makers were Landaluze, Mariani, Asenjo and those grouped under the pseudonym SEM. Their works were aimed at an adult consumer in those days. And we state that the name for the medium was “historieta” since 1875; is precisely that relevant works of historieta began to appear from that year. Authors like Pellicer, Cilla, Apelles Mestres, Mecáchis or Xaudaró opened the way to a creative landscape where the specific comics magazines, called “tebeos” in Spain, finally born, now clearly intended at an audience child.

    En este artículo se aborda el estudio de la historieta española durante el siglo XIX. Habiéndose admitido por la comunidad científica que la historieta nació en torno a 1830 en Europa, se rastrean las evidencias de su existencia en la prensa española, así como su evolución hasta la aparición de las primeras revistas específicamente integradas por historietas entre los siglos XIX y XX. Se concede especial importancia al contexto sociocultural y se aborda producción y difusión, con especial detenimiento en la figura del autor, que no adquirió conciencia de su labor en el nuevo medio hasta final del XIX. Se establece que los primeros autores de historietas españoles fueron Landaluze, Mariani, Asenjo y los integrantes de SEM, autores de tiras primitivas en su factura y que iban dirigidas a

  7. Fossils and Theories of Evolution in Gustave Flaubert’s Bouvard et Pécuchet

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    Anthony Zielonka

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude se propose d’analyser de près le chapitre III de ce chef d’œuvre comique et satirique qu’est le dernier roman de Flaubert, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. Après avoir exploré la médecine, la cosmologie, l’astronomie et la zoologie, les « deux bonshommes » de Flaubert se tournent vers la géologie, la paléontologie, et même les théories rivales de l’évolution. Ce chapitre est d’un intérêt considérable comme tour de force comique, surtout quand on le replace dans le contexte des découvertes, théories, controverses et querelles scientifiques (incluant les conflits entre les positions antagonistes de la religion et de la science qui faisaient rage à l’époque de Flaubert. Alors que le romancier avait réalisé des recherches exhaustives sur l’histoire des sciences, il est particulièrement intéressant de relever que ce sont les théories et les découvertes les plus récentes qui sont présentées sur le mode comique et sceptique. Après avoir passé en revue les idées de Buffon, Cuvier, Lamarck et Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ainsi que celle des savants fidèles à l’inspiration biblique, Bouvard et Pécuchet ne manquent pas de conclure à l’incompatibilité, et finalement à l’inanité, de toutes ces théories. Ils tirent leurs informations d’ouvrages savants mais aussi populaires, puisant dans les journaux et les magazines. Flaubert montre, de manière tout à fait significative, comment les simplifications et les erreurs des textes de vulgarisation ne servent qu’à renforcer le trouble et le doute des deux personnages et les amènent finalement à abandonner leurs recherches scientifiques.This paper proposes a close textual analysis of Chapter III of the masterpiece of comic and satirical fiction that is Gustave Flaubert’s last novel, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. After exploring the sciences of medicine, cosmology, astronomy, and zoology, Flaubert’s “deux bonshommes” turn their attention

  8. 3D MODELING OF HISTORICAL DOGER CARAVANSARIES BY DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY

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    M. Yakar

    2013-07-01

    levels opposite the main gate. Today, it has been cancelled to reach upstairs. The underside of the satires is empty. There are two loophole windows at the both two short side. The columns that are near the long walls are bounded each other with arches and overlaid with cross squinches. The rooms in the second floor have domes. One of these rooms was arranged as prey room. The second part of Caravansaries is single storey and walls made of rubble. There are four columns inside the room and they bounded with arches. Back side of the rooms were destroyed by earth quake and restored. This restoration was not appropriate with its original plan but the good one is that the Caravansaries was saved from totally comedown. It is aimed to survey Doger Caravansaries Photogrammetricaly and generate 3D model covered by real tissues. In this study, South NTS-352 Total Station is used to constitute a closed polygon with 6 point. The coordinates of polygon points are calculated by distance and direction measurements. Levelling was carried out for determining the height of polygon points. Photographs was taken by Nikon D7000 camera. 3D model and faces were created in Photomodeler software.

  9. ENJOYING THE MOURNING: THE EXPRESSION OF JOY FOR DEATH IN THE CLASSICAL TURKISH POETRY MÂTEMİN KEYFİNİ ÇIKARMAK: KLASİK TÜRK ŞİİRİNDE ÖLÜMLERE DUYULAN SEVİNÇLER

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    Murat ÖZTÜRK

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Because of having a great impact on human being, the death is a subject dealt in the literary texts all over the world. Poems in which a short of sadness is expressed in the wake of the dead are named as “sagu” in the pre-İslamic Turkish poetry, as “ağıt” in the folk poetry and as “mersiye” in the classical Turkish poetry. In all of these poetries a lament stemed from the death is narrated and the goodnesses of the dead are reflected as well. It is by the nature of Islamic belief and consideration. Yet, there are also a few poems which are written in a way that makes them different. This kind of poems were published from 16th century to 19th century by some poets and it was narrated in those poems that a pleasure resulted from the death of the goverment officials. In the poems, in which the death of one who is criticised by the poet is interpreted as precursory news, the bad features of the dead is touched on. Some poets thought that those was imprecated and reviled will go to the hell. In this context, such poetries are remarkable as different and impressive examples of the literature of satire Ölüm konusu insan üzerindeki büyük etkisinden dolayı bütün dünya edebiyatlarında ele alınmıştır. Ölen kişilerin ardından duyulan üzüntünün anlatıldığı şiirler İslam öncesi Türk şiirinde sagu, halk şiirinde ağıt, klasik Türk şiirinde ise mersiye adını alır. Bu şiirlerin tamamında ölüm hadisesindeki hüzün anlatılırken ölen kişinin de iyilikleri dile getirilir. Bu durum aynı zamanda İslamî anlayışın da gereğidir. Klasik Türk şiirinde az da olsa bu anlayışın dışında yazılmış şiirler de vardır. 16. asırdan 19. asrın sonuna kadar bazı şairlerce çoğu devlet görevlisi kişilerin ölümlerinden duyulan sevinç anlatılmıştır. Yerilen kişilerin ölümünün müjdeli bir haber olarak yorumlandığı bu şiirlerde ölenlerin kötü yönlerine, olumsuz özelliklerine yer

  10. Narrative survival: personal and institutional accounts of asylum confinement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanganu-Bresch, Cristina; Berkenkotter, Carol

    2012-01-01

    This essay has been conceptually eclectic in that we have integrated concepts from genre theory and discourse analysis. In our interpretation of Merivale and Marshall's narratives, we have also drawn upon Frye's Anatomy of criticism, a canonical text in literary genre theory. Such an eclectic approach seems warranted by both the contextual and textual features of Merivale's and Marshall's narratives, and in particular by Merivale's use of Mennipean satire with its encyclopedic detail. In our discussion of Merivale and Marshall's Admissions Records we have drawn on speech act theory to suggest that the Order (to admit a patient), the two medical certificates that follow, and finally, the notice to admit a patient constitute a constellation of texts, a genre suite, with a powerful illocutionary force. These texts are the prelude to and the means of confinement; they are both act and process. At the heart of our comparison of the asylum records of Merivale and Marshall with their "survivor narratives" is our analytic conclusion that the Ticehurst case histories can be said to constitute a linear "chronicle" of what Hayes Newington, the writer of the two case histories observed and inferred about his two patients. As chronicles, the Ticehurst Asylum case histories are linear representations or realistic accounts. As such, these archival documents provide a genuine insight into the "ways that that reality offers itself to perception". The institutional accounts exist in--and mark a--"flat time," equalized by each dated entry depicting the writer's mechanical act of observing/noting in brief, stereotypical sentences, e.g., "Patient is better [or, conversely, no] better today." We dubbed this metronomic time: beating regularly and evenly, flattening out the individual trajectories of each patient's illness. Metronomic time is normative. Each beat is calculated precisely to be the same as next. The dispassionate nature of clinical observations and the metronymic rhythms of

  11. La caricatura política desde un siglo XXI iberoamericano. Una historia cultural del tiempo presente

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    Langue, Frédérique

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In an adverse context for freedom of thought in the so called public sphere, and from the perspective of the history of present time, this study explores the sense that is supposed to have in Latin America one of the “recent disasters” as was the attack against the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in France. Political caricature appears to be the expression of a traumatic experience and a shared political culture through both republican and democratic practices. However, on a continent democratized but still grappling with memory and the traumatic past of dictatorships, this imaginary is also strongly questioned by authoritarian ideological options. A figure hovers in both positions (democratic and authoritarian as well and impacts on related imaginary: the victims figure, which within this relationship to the past or regime of historicity, not only replace “the era of witnesses” exemplified by the history of present time but also are integrated into an instrumentalized regime of emotions finally leading to a skewed view of history.En una coyuntura adversa a la libertad de opinión en el espacio público tanto en Europa como en América Latina y desde la perspectiva de la historia del tiempo presente, este estudio analiza el significado que habrá tenido desde y para América Latina una de las “últimas catástrofes” como lo fue el atentado en contra del periódico satírico Charlie Hebdo en París en enero de 2015. La caricatura política aparece en efecto como el revelador no sólo de un acontecer traumático sino también de una cultura política compartida a través de unas prácticas republicanas y democráticas. Ahora bien, el imaginario político que conlleva se ve cuestionado y hasta rebatido por opciones ideológicas autoritarias en un continente democratizado pero que se enfrenta todavía con unas memorias divididas o con el pasado traumático de las dictaduras. Una figura asoma en ambas posturas (la democrática y la

  12. Every Now And Then: Journalists and Twitter Use in Turkey

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    Banu Akdenizli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study builds on Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton’s (2012 work, and on a studyby the Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism, HowMainstream Media Outlets Use Twitter (2012; and focuses on how journalists in Turkey behave on Twitter. It aims to explore what kind of information Turkish journalists share online and how they share it, if and how they engage with fellow users; and how their overall Twitter practice influences, and in some cases, redefines their role as professional journalists. To answer these research questions a list of the 20 most-read Turkish journalists and their 1715 tweets between March 5, 2012 and March 19, 2012 were analyzed. The study revealed that the journalists observed varied widely in how frequently they posted, and on what topics they posted. Data showed that journalists in some cases used the retweet function to share information mainstream media was perhaps not able to cover live or with people on site. In terms of retweeting there was a fair share of selfpromotion going on in terms of publicizing one’s own story and also other stories from the journalist’s news organization. Journalists also answered specific questions about their work or were asked to elaborate on certain matters. There was also a fair share of satire and lighthearted commentary on popular culture, food, travel and aging. This study representsa first-of-a-kind content analysis of Twitter use by journalists in Turkey. As Twitter becomes more mainstream its use patterns are likely to evolve as well, yet at this point the study suggests that, generally speaking, Twitter use by journalists for reporting purposes is in its infancy in 2012. The study provides a snapshot of a certain period and can serve as a benchmark for further studies of Twitter use among journalists in Turkey. Cette étude s’appuie sur le travail de Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton (2012 et sur une étude du Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism

  13. Murdelisest tegelaskõnest "Tõe ja õiguse" I osas / Dialect in the Speech of Characters in A. H. Tammsaare’s Truth and Justice Part I

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    Maria Mandri

    2015-06-01

    and Justice are shared across a wide area. Therefore the use of dialect in the text is first and foremost a social marker which locates the characters of the novel among the peasantry. In his journalistic writings, Tammsaare’s diverse views on language and style enable us to argue that the writer considered the content and form of a literary work as inseparable, and that for him language played an important role in rendering the atmosphere, characters, and events more believable. This principle justifies the dialect-rich dialogues in Part I of Truth and Justice. In order to make the representation of rural people of the second half of the 19th century more convincing and true to life; in order to confer a sense of the era, the surroundings, and the temperament of the people, Tammsaare used traits of dialect when constructing the characters’ speech. When we consider these dialect elements in the context of the novel’s content, more specific goals come into view. In addition to identifying the characters as farm folk, geographically locating them in the area of central and western dialects, and representing 19th century village society as truthfully as possible, dialect in the speech of characters also serves comedy and satire. Furthermore, it illustrates the linguistic hierarchies prevalent at the time the events took place and undergirds oppositions among the characters. As is true more generally when literary texts make use of dialect, in Truth and Justice Part I the various purposes of dialect use are intertwined. Most important, however, is the pursuit of realism, which encompasses all other indicators and the language-based opposition that structures the entire work: the opposition between the the two farm families at Vargamäe, Ees- and Tagapere (the family in the „front“ and the family in the „back“ of Vargamäe. Social hierarchies are reinforced by the language use of educated characters, which is closer to the written language, and by the

  14. Roman picaresque et prose d’idées : Guzmán de Alfarache de Mateo Alemán

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    Jean-Louis Brau

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La prose d’idées et la littérature ne sont pas des catégories textuelles étanches car si la première utilise abondamment des exempla fictionnels pour illustrer ses démonstrations, la seconde contient toujours une dimension idéologique plus ou moins importante et plus ou moins explicite. Il s’agit donc d’une affaire de « dosage » entre la matière idéologique et la matière fictionnelle, dosage qui permet en principe de ranger les oeuvres dans l’une ou l’autre catégorie, ce qui n’est pas toujours évident car certaines oeuvres se situent à la frontière entre les deux. C’est le cas du roman picaresque espagnol, facétieux et burlesque, mais qui véhicule aussi dès les origines une indéniable satire sociale et morale. Le chef-d’œuvre du genre, le Guzmán de Alfarache de Mateo Alemán, se distingue par sa structure extrêmement digressive. Les aventures picaresques du protagoniste sont constamment entrecoupées de discours idéologiques sur toutes sortes de sujets touchant à la société et à la morale, discours entrelardés de cellules narratives secondaires qui font office d’exempla. L’ensemble de ces « sermons », d’un pessimisme profond, a sa source dans la doctrine religieuse catholique longuement exposée et appliquée rigoureusement et dans laquelle se détachent les thèmes fondamentaux du déterminisme, donc de la prédestination, et du libre arbitre de l’homme. Le Guzmán de Alfarache apparaît ainsi comme un vaste traité théologico-moral illustré par une infinité d’exempla parmi lesquels la fiction picaresque, l’histoire du gueux, est aussi un exemplum, le plus vaste et le plus important, au service de la thèse centrale du livre : la possibilité de rédemption de l’homme, fût-il le criminel le plus endurci, s’il est sauvé par la miséricorde divine. A tous les niveaux, thématique, réthorique et stylistique, le Guzmán de Alfarache a donc de grandes affinités avec la prose d

  15. Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2

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    K. Matthes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the recommended solar forcing dataset for CMIP6 and highlights changes with respect to CMIP5. The solar forcing is provided for radiative properties, namely total solar irradiance (TSI, solar spectral irradiance (SSI, and the F10.7 index as well as particle forcing, including geomagnetic indices Ap and Kp, and ionization rates to account for effects of solar protons, electrons, and galactic cosmic rays. This is the first time that a recommendation for solar-driven particle forcing has been provided for a CMIP exercise. The solar forcing datasets are provided at daily and monthly resolution separately for the CMIP6 preindustrial control, historical (1850–2014, and future (2015–2300 simulations. For the preindustrial control simulation, both constant and time-varying solar forcing components are provided, with the latter including variability on 11-year and shorter timescales but no long-term changes. For the future, we provide a realistic scenario of what solar behavior could be, as well as an additional extreme Maunder-minimum-like sensitivity scenario. This paper describes the forcing datasets and also provides detailed recommendations as to their implementation in current climate models.For the historical simulations, the TSI and SSI time series are defined as the average of two solar irradiance models that are adapted to CMIP6 needs: an empirical one (NRLTSI2–NRLSSI2 and a semi-empirical one (SATIRE. A new and lower TSI value is recommended: the contemporary solar-cycle average is now 1361.0 W m−2. The slight negative trend in TSI over the three most recent solar cycles in the CMIP6 dataset leads to only a small global radiative forcing of −0.04 W m−2. In the 200–400 nm wavelength range, which is important for ozone photochemistry, the CMIP6 solar forcing dataset shows a larger solar-cycle variability contribution to TSI than in CMIP5 (50 % compared to 35 %.We compare the climatic effects of

  16. Mahalli Fıkra Tipine Bir Örnek: Erzurumlu Naim Hoca One Type of Anecdote of Local Example: Hoca Erzurumlu Naim

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    Yusuf KOTAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the important types of folk literature satire, in a large geographical area consisting of many thousands of years, products of oral tradition of folk literaturen. These products, although oral edebiyatımız as a kind of took its place in the literature long ago, particularly after the Tanzimat era has gained vitality. This vitality,though no doubt in some quarters that the jokes have suffered tab, inalmost every nation acquires an important social and cultural life.Feeling and thinking, of a nation, intelligence, humor, and mostimportantly the power of judgment to reflect the common opinion is ofgreat importance in terms of paragraphs. One of the important elementsin the formation of these clauses in the clause types. These types, asdescribed in the paragraph is the hero, as well as to express thecommon characteristics of living is important for society. These typeswith almost every region of Anatolia, and they faced a yararlanmaktayızthis narrative. Who live in this very important region in terms ofreflecting the properties of typecasting, giving expressions to represent aparticular feature of the local stage.Erzurum folklore, is a rich resource for Turkish folklore. Althoughthis has been a rich source folklorumuzun on the part of many researchstudies conducted on jokes is almost negligible. Based on theseapproaches, we also provide a contribution to the folklore of Erzurum inboth types of clause in Erzurum, an important place in the memory ofour people who had said Naim Hodja jokes we introduce this valuableanecdotes of people will try to share with you. Halk edebiyatımızın önemli türlerinden biri olan fıkralar, çok geniş bir coğrafi alan içinde oluşan binlerce yıldan beri sözlü gelenekte yaşayan halk edebiyatı ürünleridir. Bu ürünler, sözlü edebiyatımız içerisinde yerini çok öncelerden almış olsa da bir tür olarak edebiyatımızda bilhassa Tanzimat döneminden sonra canlılık kazanmıştır. Bu canl

  17. Dénonciation et récupération du stéréotype dans l'œuvre romanesque de Jardiel Poncela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile François

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fondée sur une esthétique de la répétition, voire du ressassement perpétuel, la littérature populaire de masse constitue une forme de « prêt-à-lire » à destination d'un lecteur considéré avant tout comme un consommateur. A l'intérieur de cette production, le roman d'amour apparaît comme un genre particulièrement codifié, qui s'organise autour de motifs récurrents et de séquences narratives et thématiques stéréotypées. Dans sa trilogie romanesque, qu'il définit d'emblée comme une satire littéraire, Enrique Jardiel Poncela propose au lecteur une promenade ludique et démystifiante dans les coulisses du genre. Rédigée à la fin des années 1920, l'œuvre de l'écrivain madrilène s'inscrit, en effet, dans un contexte de méfiance généralisée à l'égard des stéréotypes, caractéristique des Avant-gardes littéraires et artistiques. Outre la dénonciation directe par le biais de commentaires métanarratifs particulièrement caustiques, la dimension iconoclaste de la trilogie apparaît sous la forme d'une dénudation systématique et ironique des paradigmes narratifs traditionnels. La séquence stéréotypée du fameux duo d'amour, avec ses traits récurrents, tels que la promenade au clair de lune, le premier baiser ou les larmes de l'héroïne, fait ainsi les frais de l'humour anticonformiste et subversif de l'auteur. Toutefois, pour Jardiel Poncela, déconstruction n'est pas synonyme de destruction. A l'encontre des Dadaïstes qui prétendaient faire table rase des conventions dominantes, le jeune auteur, quant à lui, entend faire œuvre de création grâce à une récupération ludique et inventive du stéréotype. C'est ainsi que pour redynamiser des pratiques romanesques sclérosées, Jardiel Poncela se réfère non seulement à de nouveaux moyens d'expression, tels que la bande dessinée ou le cinéma, mais il sollicite également la coopération d'un lecteur complice qu'il associe en permanence à ses jeux de

  18. Obituary: Joseph Wyan Chamberlain, 1928-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunten, Donald M.

    2004-12-01

    are glad that his last nineteen active years were spent in that role. In the 1960's the AAS had no Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS), and the group organized an annual series of five Arizona Conferences on Planetary Atmospheres. By 1967 several members of the community felt that a DPS was needed; the AAS Council asked Joe to serve as chair of the organizing committee, and when the Division was formed he became the first Chairman. In 1971, he became Director of the NASA Lunar Science Institute and a few years later Professor of Space Physics and Astronomy at Rice University (Houston). After retirement as Professor Emeritus in 1992, he returned to Tucson where he continued an active interest in golf, opera, chess and satirical humor. Joe's program at Yerkes began with observations of aurora and airglow, making use of the wonderful spectrographs designed and built by Meinel. Among his many contributions was the identification and analysis of a band system in the airglow that now bears his name. His interests shifted toward the theoretical; for example, he applied the radiative-transfer theory of his colleague Chandrasekhar to the sodium twilight airglow. In 1961 he published Theory of the Aurora and Airglow, a book so influential that it was reprinted a few years ago by the American Geophysical Union. In the same period his interest in interplanetary hydrogen led to a low-velocity model that was at odds with Eugene N. Parker's model of the solar wind, and a debate ensued until observations showed Parker to be essentially correct. But the Chamberlain ideas were applied to the structure of the Earth's hydrogen exosphere, and for 40 years this work has been accepted as definitive. Later he studied the reduction of the hydrogen escape rate by the "cooling" that results from the loss of the energy carried by the escaping atoms. Joe was selected to deliver the 1961 Helen Warner lecture and chose the topic "The upper atmospheres of the planets." This paper clearly expounds

  19. Reklamlarda Karikatür Kullanımı: Piyale Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Binay Kurultay

    2015-08-01

    önemsellik gözetilerek gösterge bilimsel olarak değerlendirilmiştir.Anahtar Sözcükler: Karikatür, Reklam, Piyale                                          Use of Cartoons in Advertising: The Case of PiyaleAbstract            As a satirical art form with a mission to make the audience think, to teach something and to persuade, cartoons have become attractive visuals for advertisers. Cartoons express an idea in a simple yet effective manner which is the reason for being the choice of brands for their of advertisements that aim to create a behavioral change in the consumer and sell their products as well as increasing brand awareness. Advertisements using cartoons achieve this as all other advertisements do, sometimes through a slogan and other times through creating a position, a character and an identity for the brand. Cartoons have been used in advertisements for major brands in the 1960’s in Turkey, primarily for the banking industry and spaghetti.            In this study the advertisements for Piyale Spaghetti, known as “the brand that introduced spaghetti to Turkey” that use cartoons as visuals in the 1960’s were investigated. The relationship of cartoons as a form of communication and advertisements as a form of marketing was evaluated using semiotic analysis.As cartoons are woven with messages based on drawings and visuals, post-structuralist semiotic analysis was chosen as the methodology. As it is necessary for this methodology, cartoons’ symbolic universe as well as the textual universe was investigated for the importance historical period has over meaning making of signs. In this direction, in the years advertisements including cartoons, themes such as women, family, health, trust have been semiotically evaluated with periodicity in mind.Keywords: Caricature, Cartoon, Advertising, Piyale 

  20. Editor's welcome, PORTAL Vol. 3, No. 2, July 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson

    2006-09-01

    contains two essays in its general academic section. François Provenzano’s ‘Francophonie et études francophones: considérations historiques et métacritiques sur quelques concepts majeurs’ offers a sustained meditation and critique of the discourse of Francophonic unity, and suggests a range of possible critical directions for future research into the study of French-speaking zones, peoples and cultures. Barbara Elizabeth Hanna and Juliana de Nooy’s ‘The Seduction of Sarah: Travel Memoirs and Intercultural Learning’, focuses on a big-selling memoir that was also something of a media-sensation on its publication in Australia in 2002, expatriate Australian journalist Sarah Turnbull’s account of her ambivalent ‘new life’ in Paris, France, after her marriage to a local: Almost French: A New Life in Paris. Interested in Turnbull’s autobiography as a potentially useful and productive classroom text for demonstrating, and enabling discussion of, intercultural difference, the authors’ rich analysis demonstrates that such texts present a host of problems to the teacher keen to work with students’ self-critical capacities to locate themselves in international and transcultural frameworks. We are delighted, as well, to present three cultural works in this issue: Katherine Elizabeth Clay’s evocative ‘comic’ narrative of study abroad, ‘From Penrith to Paris,’ itself a lively visual-textual antidote to Turnbull’s ambivalently romanticized view of (not-quite-belonging in Paris (as discussed by Hanna and de Nooy in this issue; a typically idiosyncratic satire about the current German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, from Anthony Stephens, expertly deploying an ancient Celtic narrative verse form; and California-based Chicana writer Susana Chávez-Silverman’s code-switching chronicle/crónica, ‘Oda a la ambigüedad Crónica,’ a beautifully concise exploration of loss and the sensory regime of memorialisation. Paul Allatson, Chair, PORTAL Editorial