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Sample records for satire hermippus redivivus

  1. Fearing religious satire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Dennis Meyhoff

    2015-01-01

    The article examines the history of the fear of religious satire in modern Europe. The article argues that this fear primarily concerns the potential dissolution of 'the social bond of society' or 'the moral and social order'. From the 17th Century until today, censorship measures and blasphemy l...

  2. Satire in Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Stefanija

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article surveys the scope of satire and suggests its range. It is divided into six sections. The introductory comment (The semantics of music briefly outlines the fact that music has always been a part of communicative endeavors. The historical background of the semantic issues in music is described (Historical surmises, which is necessary to define satire in music as a specific genre combining features from different musical forms. The third section discusses six areas as the most common contexts of musical satire: 1 satirical music theater works, such as the opera Il Girello by Jacopo Melani, the famous Coff ee Cantata (Schweigt Still, plaudert nicht, BWV 211 by Johann Sebastian Bach, Der Schulmeister by Georg Philipp Telemann, The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay, and so on; 2 musical genres associated with satire, either a within vocal-instrumental music; for instance, opera buffa, Singspiel, operetta, cabaret, vaudeville, and so on, or b in instrumental pieces, such as capriccios, grotesques, scherzos, burlesques, and so on; 3 individual features or compositional parts related to satire; for example, in a vocal music, the Satiro in Orfeo by Luigi Rossi, the range of the Orlando character in eighteenth-century opera, who “may be satire, a fool or hero, but never all together” (Harris, 1986, 106, the satirical antihero Matěj Brouček in Leoš Janáček’s work, and also Lady Macbeth, and in b instrumental music, such as the sermon of St. Anthony in Gustav Mahler’s Second Symphony, his marches, and “low-brow tunes,” a number of episodes in Dmitri Shostakovich’s works, and so on; 4 works variously related to criticism, such as the work of Eric Satie, Kurt Weill, Luigi Nono, Maurizio Kagel, and Vinko Globokar, as well as Fran Milčinski (a.k.a. Ježek, Laibach, or Bob Dylan; 5 music journalism, from Johann Beer and Louis-Abel Beffroy de Reigny and his popular pieces de circonstance, to nineteenth-century music journalism, George

  3. Evaluating "Cat Country": The Humor within Satire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chung-chien Karen

    2010-01-01

    Satire, as a mode, is not frequently employed in Chinese narratives. "Cat Country," or "Mao Cheng Ji," written by Lao She (pen name of Shu Qing Chun, 1898--1966) has come under much attack of its literary values. Whereas most critics have no doubt that this work sets out to satirize China through the portrayal of a society of…

  4. Contesting Boundaries: Satire in Contemporary Morocco

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    El Khairat, A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/323237134

    2013-01-01

    The remarkable political change that Morocco has witnessed after the death of King Hassan II in 1999 and the succession of his son, Mohammed VI, has contributed to the development of Moroccan satire due to the margin of freedom allowed by the new regime. As a result of this political reform, satire

  5. Hvad skal vi med Trump-satire?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2017-01-01

    Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?......Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?...

  6. Claire Keegan’s Use of Satire

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    Melania Terrazas-Gallego

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on Claire Keegan’s markedly satirical understanding of the inadequacy of quotidian reality in rural Ireland and its tragic effects on people, especially on women, as well as in Keegan’s use of the short story genre to concentrate on the quality of seeing rather than on moralizing issues – a technique which has led her way of writing to be considered cold, externalist and non-emotional.  To this end, I shall explore which of the rhetorical strategies of the satirical apparatus are present in three stories from her 2007 collection Walk the Blue Fields: “Walk the Blue Fields”, “The Forester’s Daughter” and “Night of the Quicken Trees”.

  7. 89 THE SATIRICAL CONTENT OF AKPOHA-AFIKPO OKUMPKO ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Satire as a performance genre is a form of social control a mechanism for checkmating societal group or individual excesses. Bamidele (28) in theorizing aЛout satire in society says that the genre came aЛout in a cultural climate that saw the form of literature in the service of ... theatre incorporating music dance and drama.

  8. Giving Satirical Voice to Religious Conflict

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjarvard, Stig; Rosenfeldt, Mattias Pape

    2017-01-01

    in both the general public sphere and in smaller cultural publics constituted through various social network media. The analysis shows that several, very different framings of religion appear in these debates. These debates furthermore involve a significant proportion of minority voices. The analysis...... suggests that a cultural public sphere may work as a corrective to the political public sphere dominated by news media.......This study concerns the Danish public service broadcaster DR’s television satire and comedy show Det slører stadig [Still Veiled] (2013) and its influence on public discussions and controversies concerning religion. Whereas news media’s coverage of Islam is often criticized for having a negative...

  9. Satirical drama, political corruption and development implications for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Satirical drama, political corruption and development implications for Nigeria: a reflection on Ola Rotimi's Our husband has gone mad again. ... The corrupt tendencies of this select few, which come in various forms, have ... from 32 Countries:.

  10. Effect of dose-rate on the frequency of X-linked lethal mutation in the nematode Panagrellus redivivus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ager, D.

    1984-01-01

    A total X-ray dose of 50 Gy was applied to the nematode Panagrellus redivivus using dose-rates ranging from 0.23 Gy/min to 10.49 Gy/min, and the frequency of lethal X-chromosomes was determined. This frequency ranged from approximately 1.6% at the lower dose-rate to 4.3% at the highest dose-rate, indicating a dose-rate dependency of mutation frequency in the spermatogonia and oogonia of this organism. (orig.)

  11. Chancellor Angela Merkel: A Celtic Satire

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    Anthony Stephens

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Glosses on Chancellor Angela Merkel: In ancient times the poets of Ireland and Scotland wrote satires on royals and chiefs they held to be administratively challenged and/or ungenerous to needy bards. The poems were not in strict form, but, generally, 17 line stanzas implied “should be put down”, while 13 line stanzas connoted “harmless but dim”. Walküre, whence Valkyrie, means “chooser of the slain” in Old German. In the bloodletting attending the formation of the present Grand Coalition in Germany, Edmund Stoiber was a casualty and withdrew, embittered, to lead Bavaria again. Angela is widely reported to find relief from the tensions of major political crises by baking cakes, a method more acceptable to the German middle-class than that once favoured by President Clinton. Prince Potemkin, lover and right-hand-man, of Czarina Catherine II, is – maybe slanderously – supposed to have had fake villages built in which actors mimed happy peasants as she drove past in her carriage. When Bush visited Angela’s provincial electorate, the real locals were sent somewhere else, while blokes from Germany’s security services replaced them, smiling, cheering and waving American flags. Consuming coffee and cake at 4 p.m. is the only Categorical Imperative that Germany absolutely obeys. The plot of Wagner’s Twilight of the Gods resembles a stale lamington, as do Germany’s present economic woes. The Grand Coalition is also looking crumbly and dry, despite Angela’s keeping it in the fridge in glad-wrap.

  12. Televisual Satire in the Age of Glocalization: The Case of ‘Zondag met Lubach’

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuis, Ivo

    2018-01-01

    textabstractThis article analyses the highly popular Dutch satirical TV-show Zondag met Lubach (ZML) from the perspective of ‘glocalization.’ This places the show both within the global tradition of late-night satire, originating in the United States, and in the local Dutch tradition of satirical

  13. Irony and Aequabilitas : Horace, Satires 1.3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerome Kemp

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In Satire 1.3 Horace upholds ‘Stoic’ aequabilitas, ironically aligning it with Epicurean moderation to attack Stoic inflexibility. His connection between friendship and justice shows an awareness of this link in Hellenistic thought. His ironic use of philosophical material serves a serious, anti-Stoic purpose (pace some recent scholarship.

  14. An Application of Satir's Model to Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Linda

    1981-01-01

    Describes the use of Virginia Satir's model to family counseling, emphasizing prevention, personal growth, self-esteem, and communication in improving the functioning of the family system. Presents a case study using the model. Results indicate the family became more nurturing as a result of counseling. (JAC)

  15. Truth and Fibble-Fable in Renaissance Satire

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    Branko Madžarevič

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the years of my close involvement with wor(lds’ transactions, as a translator, in the triangle of the Renaissance doctors Rabelais, Montaigne, and, yes, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, the French author of the novel Journey to the End of Night (1932, their views on satire can be considered from a rather unconventional angle. By means of an imaginary morbid epistolary medical council, the impromptu introduction tries to entangle this peculiar trio in a freewheeling alliance, leading to the assumption that every translation defies the interpretational ambiguities of the utopian Thelema motto “Do as you will”. In the satirical context of all source and target faces, it is always acting on the verge of the paradoxical encomium, the hypothetical pasticcio, and obscurantist reversals of the original text. Of course, the issue at stake here is one of the convolutions of Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, Rabelais’ utopian Thelema Abbey, and the German Epistles of Obscure Men in pathetically wretched Latin. This paper deals with Renaissance and humanist satire, focusing on Rabelais’ five books of Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532–1564 and the interplay between the ideas of truth, truthfulness, and seriousness. In addition, the paper deals with how the Renaissance spirit of this satirical contemporary and ally of ours challenges the issue of verbal boundaries and the materiality of language.

  16. Decoding the Metaphor of Internet Meme: A Study of Satirical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined an emerging trend in Internet discourse as metaphorical constructs used by individuals for communication online. The Internet meme is an evolving trend used for satirical illustrations and expression of intents in multimodal ways. While previous studies have focused on verbal metaphors signaled by ...

  17. Satire and Utopian Vision in Hugo, Dickens, and Zamiatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Kathryn M.

    1985-01-01

    Examines Victor Hugo's "Ninety-three," Charles Dickens'"Tale of Two Cities," and Eugene Zamiatin's "We" as examples of romantic satire, considering in each work the quest motif, the oedipal themes, the dystopian vision, and the role of love. (AYC)

  18. Using counterfactuals to display facts – the case of satirical humor

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    Maslo Adi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Satire has not been given the humorologists’ attention to an extent that would do justice to the amount of humor satire actually holds. Therefore, the intention of this paper is to shed light on satire as humorous discourse, with an emphasis on counterfactuals. Interestingly enough, counterfactuals oppose the actual state of affairs; rhetorically however, they show potential to reveal the truth. Political satire is an area of conflict between truth and falsehood which is exactly why this type of satire is discussed in this paper. Tools from Cognitive Linguistics – framing and blending – are utilized to show to what extent counterfactuals are actually false and how they essentially contribute to satire. Examples of political satire are selected from Comedy Central’s The Daily Show.

  19. Automatic Detection of Satire in Twitter: A psycholinguistic-based approach

    KAUST Repository

    Salas-Zárate, María del Pilar

    2017-04-24

    In recent years, a substantial effort has been made to develop sophisticated methods that can be used to detect figurative language, and more specifically, irony and sarcasm. There is, however, an absence of new approaches and research works that analyze satirical texts. The recognition of satire by sentiment analysis and Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications is extremely important because it can influence and change the meaning of a statement in varied and complex ways. We used this understanding as a basis to propose a method that employs a wide variety of psycholinguistic features and which detects satirical and non-satirical text. We then went on to train a set of machine learning algorithms that would enable us to classify unknown data. Finally, we conducted several experiments in order to detect the most relevant features that generate a better pattern as regards detecting satirical texts. We evaluated the effectiveness of our method by obtaining a corpus of satirical and non-satirical news from Mexican and Spanish twitter accounts. Our proposal obtained encouraging results, with an F-measure of 85.5% for Mexico and one of 84.0% for Spain. Moreover, the results of the experiment showed that there is no significant difference between Mexican and Spanish satire.

  20. ' Church Wa N Memu ' : Satire in the Gospel Music of Niyi Adedokun ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper looks critically into the satirical presentations of gospel messages in Nigerian gospel musical performances. Even though there have been some revolutionary changes in Nigerian gospel music ill contemporary times, satirical presentations by Niyi Adedokun make Nigerian gospel mllsic more attractive to ...

  1. Automatic Detection of Satire in Twitter: A psycholinguistic-based approach

    KAUST Repository

    Salas-Zá rate, Marí a del Pilar; Paredes-Valverde, Mario André s; Rodriguez-Garcia, Miguel Angel; Valencia-Garcí a, Rafael; Alor-Herná ndez, Giner

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, a substantial effort has been made to develop sophisticated methods that can be used to detect figurative language, and more specifically, irony and sarcasm. There is, however, an absence of new approaches and research works that analyze satirical texts. The recognition of satire by sentiment analysis and Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications is extremely important because it can influence and change the meaning of a statement in varied and complex ways. We used this understanding as a basis to propose a method that employs a wide variety of psycholinguistic features and which detects satirical and non-satirical text. We then went on to train a set of machine learning algorithms that would enable us to classify unknown data. Finally, we conducted several experiments in order to detect the most relevant features that generate a better pattern as regards detecting satirical texts. We evaluated the effectiveness of our method by obtaining a corpus of satirical and non-satirical news from Mexican and Spanish twitter accounts. Our proposal obtained encouraging results, with an F-measure of 85.5% for Mexico and one of 84.0% for Spain. Moreover, the results of the experiment showed that there is no significant difference between Mexican and Spanish satire.

  2. Monarchy, jesters, politicians and audiences Comparison of TV satire in UK and Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Valhondo Crego, Ph. D.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Satire programmes have become a frequent form of political communication on TV. After the liberalisation of media and the globalization of formats, countries like Spain have adopted satirical formats derived from earlier ones, which relied on old traditions from nearly the inception of television similar to the United Kingdom. The goal of this article is to build a definition of the genre, taking into account the examples of the two mentioned countries and, also, referring to both periods, before and after liberalisation. We will use a comparative methodology relative to the profile of the audiences, of the buffoons of satire and the role played by the politicians through the short history of television satire. The results point to an evolution. During the sixties in the past century, the genre targeted the middle classes, writers tried to popularize politics for a society respectful to the Establishment and politicians censored the program in case it created an imbalance between ideological options during elections. In the nineties, satire jesters acquired the main role in the show and the politicians not only immunized themselves against satire but seemed to take advantage of it.

  3. Estimation of mutation rates induced by large doses of gamma, proton and neutron irradiation of the X-chromosome of the nematode Panagrellus redivivus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denich, K.T.R.; Samoiloff, M.R.

    1984-01-01

    The radiation-resistant free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus was used to study mutation rates in oocytes, following gamma, proton and neutron irradiation in the dose range 45-225 grays. γ-Radiation produced approximately 0.001 lethal X-chromosomes per gray over the range tested. Proton or neutron irradiation produced approximately 0.003 lethal X-chromosomes per gray at lower doses, with the mutation rate dropping to 0.001 lethal X-chromosome per gray at the higher doses. These results suggest a dose-dependent mutation-repair system. Cell lethality was also examined. γ-Radiation produced the greatest amount of cell lethality at all doses, while neutron irradiation had no cell lethal effect at any of the doses examined. (orig.)

  4. Evaluacion de la toxicidad de Cr+6 , Cu+2 y el efluente de cromado de una industria metalmecánica utilizando panagrellus redivivus como organismo de prueba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahyr Murillo

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Los ensayos de toxicidad son procedimientos en los cuales las respuestas de ciertos organismos acuáticos son utilizadas para detectar el efecto producido por la presencia de sustancias nocivas o tóxicas. Se consideran una herramienta importante de control ambiental, puesto que permitan evaluar de una manera rápida y confiable los impactos de contaminantes tóxicos sobre los ecosistemas, así como evaluar riesgos potenciales de salud. En el presente trabajo se evaluó un bioensayo utilizando como organismo de prueba Panagrellus redivivus, nemátodo que ha mostrado una alta sensibilidad a un gran número de sustancias tóxicas. Se determinó que la CL50-96h para cromo hexavalente fue de 43 mg/l y para sulfato de cobre quelatado de 2,6 mg/l. Aunque la concentración letal, encontrada para estos elementos fue relativamente alta comparada con otros organismos acuáticos, es importante señalar que a concentraciones de 13 mg/l y 0,12 mg/l se observó un efecto significativo sobre el crecimiento y maduración de Panagrellus redivivus. Estos hechos señalaron que los metales evaluados pueden generar efectos subletales, aun a bajas concentraciones. Para el efluente evaluado se encontró que la CL50-96h fue de 1,4%, y concentraciones de 0,4 y 0,005 % producen una disminución en el crecimiento y maduración, respectivamente.

  5. 'Luim en jokkernij': satire over Abraham Kuyper in Uilenspiegel (1875-1883

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    Frederiek ten Broeke

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Uilenspiegel (1870-1916 was a successful and long-lasting satirical journal during the last decades of the 19th century - a period that saw an increasing popularity of the satirical genre as a whole. Founded in a liberal environment, Uilenspiegel concentrated its wit on conservative and non-secular politics. This article focuses on Uilenspiegel's satirical coverage of the activities of Abraham Kuyper, the leader of the Dutch Anti Revolutionary Party, and of the founding of a protestant university. Uilenspiegel's critical views of Kuyper's aim to incorporate his religious ideas in politics and science not only produce a telling image of the way he was perceived in liberal circles, but also of the way the liberals contrasted themselves to their political opponents.

  6. From the energy to environmental crises: 25 years of satirical cartoons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borrelli, F.; Giannotta, A. (ENEA, Rome (Italy). Direzione Studi)

    1992-10-01

    Just as good natured jokes pass from mouth to mouth and create universally accepted stereotypes, good satirical cartoons pass from newspaper to newspaper and become real reference points for the international public. Within this context, this paper surveys international public opinion through a collection of noteworthy satirical cartoons reflecting alternative 'truths' regarding some key energy and environmental issues spanning the years 1967-1992. The wide ranging topics include: the early 1970's oil crisis; the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl nuclear power plant accidents; radioactive waste disposal; automobile and industrial pollution; oil spills; solar energy; and the greenhouse effect.

  7. Proper names in the satirical writing 'An ugly dream' by D. M. Forski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilić Dragan V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the satirical paper 'A Bad Dream', proper names form a significant lexical layer which contributes significantly to achieving a grotesque and satirical portrayal of the everyday reality of the milieu the writer describes in a humorous and sardonic way, condemning his negative and ugly sides. Transforming real names, the author builds very expressive units that become carriers of various meanings. The transformation is accomplished by the procedures of substitutional, permutational, restrictive and proscriptive metaplasm. The writer's creative approach - 'a game of names' - has a indubitable impact in modeling his artistic world.

  8. The ABC of funerals. Humour and satire on funerary rituals in contemporary Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Ghidini

    2017-02-01

    This commodification has been acknowledged and analysed in a humoristic and/or satirical key within contemporary Japanese fiction and cinema. In particular, the article aims to focus on a story written by Matsuura Rieko, entitled The Day of the Funeral (1978, and on the film The Funeral (1984, by internationally acclaimed director Itami Jūzō.

  9. RUSSIAN SATIRICAL JOURNALISM FROM THE SOVIET PAST TO THE PRESENT RUSSIAN

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    Romanov Andrey Gennadevich

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Analysis of satirical journalism in Russia. A comparison of the factors affecting the development of satire in the press today and in the Soviet period. Description of barriers that exist for the development of satire in the press at this stage. Formulation of criteria to be met by modern mass satirical magazine. Show some of the features of the modern comic in the Russian press. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that the importance and the role of the comic in modern journalism is still a question, little studied by science. Of particular importance in this situation becomes identifying the basic factors that affect the availability of the comic in the media of different formats. In the article the following conclusions: With no well-developed public and state institutions with political journalism comic forced to go for it in unusual formats. The traditional entertainment magazines and genres are increasingly found the comic elements of social and political themes. This phenomenon is not peculiar glossy periodicals and other countries is a reflection of a particular modern socio-political situation in Russia. This can be a troubling symptom, warning of unsatisfactory performance of contemporary Russian media features effective communicator between the authorities and society.

  10. RUSSIAN SATIRICAL JOURNALISM FROM THE SOVIET PAST TO THE PRESENT RUSSIAN

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    Андрей Геннадьевич Романов

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article:Analysis of satirical journalism inRussia.A comparison of the factors affecting the development of satire in the press today and in the Soviet period.Description of barriers that exist for the development of satire in the press at this stage.Formulation of criteria to be met by modern mass satirical magazine.Show some of the features of the modern comic in the Russian press.The novelty of the work lies in the fact that the importance and the role of the comic in modern journalism is still a question, little studied by science. Of particular importance in this situation becomes identifying the basic factors that affect the availability of the comic in the media of different formats.In the article the following conclusions:With no well-developed public and state institutions with political journalism comic forced to go for it in unusual formats.The traditional entertainment magazines and genres are increasingly found the comic elements of social and political themes. This phenomenon is not peculiar glossy periodicals and other countries is a reflection of a particular modern socio-political situation in Russia. This can be a troubling symptom, warning of unsatisfactory performance of contemporary Russian media features effective communicator between the authorities and society.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-3-24

  11. Daniël 2 as satire | Nel | HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Especially humor and irony are utilised in the satire to describe Jewish perception of the oppression and oppressor, and to make suggestions for acting in the crisis situation of Antiochus' suppression of the Jewish religion. This is demonstrated in terms of the tale in Daniel 2, and specifically in the depiction of the indirect ...

  12. Dans quelle mesure l’athéisme est-il inacceptable pour l’auteur du Theophrastus redivivus et pour Spinoza ?

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    Nicole Gengoux

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Un problème posé par le Theophrastus redivivus, traité anonyme achevé en 1659, matérialiste et athée (au sens actuel du terme, est que l’auteur tout en critiquant radicalement la croyance en dieu, affirme qu’il faut chasser l’athéisme de la cité. Son athéisme est pourtant « pensable » : non seulement le mot n’est pas anachronique pour le xviie siècle, comme le pensent de nombreux commentateurs, mais le traité lui-même fait la généalogie de la croyance tout en exposant un système de pensée cohérent qui se passe de dieu.Le rejet du terme « athéisme » est d’ordre moral et social car il désigne celui qui se laisse entraîner par ses instincts. L’auteur nous prévient, en quelque sorte, que ce n’est pas parce qu’il nie les dieux qu’il n’est pas respectueux des lois. Cependant, l’« inacceptabilité » du terme « athée » a aussi un sens plus profond : comment, en effet, concilier l’ordre social et l’absence d’un Bien et d’un Mal absolus ? Certes le traité propose une solution purement naturelle en fondant la morale sur l’amour de soi, mais comment le faire comprendre ? C’est peu « acceptable » au sens de « compréhensible ».Nous pouvons distinguer des degrés d’inacceptabilité : l’amoralisme théorique paraît plus inacceptable, encore, que l’affirmation de l’inexistence de dieu, parce qu’il risque d’entraîner la désobéissance civile : c’est cette dernière qui constitue l’inacceptable absolu, pour notre Anonyme comme pour les lecteurs. Une conséquence paradoxale est que la thèse de l’imposture des religions est peut-être, pour des raisons politiques, moins inacceptable que cet amoralisme et surtout que le constat par l’Anonyme de l’inefficacité totale des religions. Enfin, les choses pouvant être dites plus ou moins haut, l’acceptabilité suppose plus de complicité et d’hypocrisie de la part du lecteur que nous aurions tendance

  13. Satire politique et sociale dans les opérettes de Gilbert et Sullivan Political and Social Satire in Gilbert and Sullivan’s Operettas

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    Anita Cornic

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Although Gilbert and Sullivan’s Operas were first and foremost light, humorous works devised to entertain their mostly middle-class audience, they are characterised by a certain amount of political and social satire, as this paper aims to show through telling examples. Beyond the merry and pleasant songs which remain part and parcel of the English cultural heritage, the shafts directed against the social and political institutions (especially the House of Lords and the class system have lost none of their piquancy and even relevance for today’s audience.

  14. The role of visual appearance in Punch’s early-Victorian satires on religion

    OpenAIRE

    Janes, Dominic

    2014-01-01

    Satires on various aspects of contemporary religion can frequently be found in the early Victorian editions of Punch. The more strident forms of Protestant evangelicalism, in the earlier 1840s, and Roman Catholic revivalism, around 1850, came in for particular attack. This pattern was partly the result of a drift in the editorial policy of the publication towards a less radical social and political position. However, Catholicism, in both its Roman and Anglican varieties, was particularly vuln...

  15. Influence of N. Gogol’s and M. Saltykov-Shchedrin’s Satire on Michail Bulgakov’s Prose

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    Alexander Philippovich Petrenko

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with the study of literary relationships between the satire of the famous 20th-century Russian writer M. Bulgakov and the works by the Russian classics of the 19th century – N.V. Gogol and M.Y. Saltykov-Shchedrin. The article describes Gogol’s and Saltykov-Shchedrin’s influence on Bulgakov’s satirical poetics, especially in the period of his development as a writer. Special attention is given to the device of grotesque and the motives of mechanicalness and lifelessness, forming the artistic worlds of the writers under study. The authors note that the technical progress and the rapid development of mechanized production in the 20th century, combined with the satirical motive of primitivism, characteristic of Russian literature, left an imprint on the nature of Bulgakov’s grotesque. The writers at issue are united by such common feature of the satirical poetics as turning to fantasy, hyperbole, ‘strange and queer things’. The article shows the way Bulgakov perceived and embodied the principles of Gogol’s and Shchedrin’s world perception through the comic mixing of absurd, ghostly and real. Bulgakov’s way of seeing the world is characterized as ‘delirious reality’. At the same time, Bulgakov, as well as his literary teachers in the sphere of satire, showed oddness and divergence as regularity, while the comicality of fantasy in his works finally turns into the drama of reality.

  16. On the power of Money and the King of Spain's son in law: Spanish Golden Age satire models on the internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodríguez Pérez, Y.; Meijer Drees, M.; de Leeuw, S.

    2015-01-01

    The greatest Spanish satirist lived in the Golden Age: Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas (1580-1645). His satirical poetry has become national common knowledge for most Spaniards. The power of his satire is such that it has been able to cross temporal borders and still serves in the 21st century as a

  17. Improvement of non destructive infrared test bed SATIR for examination of actively cooled tungsten armour Plasma Facing Components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vignal, N., E-mail: nicolas.vignal@cea.fr; Desgranges, C.; Cantone, V.; Richou, M.; Courtois, X.; Missirlian, M.; Magaud, Ph.

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • Non destructive infrared techniques for control ITER like PFCs. • Reflective surface such as W induce a measurement temperature error. • Numerical data processing by evaluation of the local emissivity. • SATIR test bed can control metallic surface with low and variable emissivity. -- Abstract: For steady state (magnetic) thermonuclear fusion devices which need large power exhaust capability and have to withstand heat fluxes in the range 10–20 MW m{sup −2}, advanced Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) have been developed. The importance of PFCs for operating tokamaks requests to verify their manufacturing quality before mounting. SATIR is an IR test bed validated and recognized as a reliable and suitable tool to detect cooling defaults on PFCs with CFC armour material. Current tokamak developments implement metallic armour materials for first wall and divertor; their low emissivity causes several difficulties for infrared thermography control. We present SATIR infrared thermography test bed improvements for W monoblocks components without defect and with calibrated defects. These results are compared to ultrasonic inspection. This study demonstrates that SATIR method is fully usable for PFCs with low emissivity armour material.

  18. Improvement of non destructive infrared test bed SATIR for examination of actively cooled tungsten armour Plasma Facing Components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vignal, N.; Desgranges, C.; Cantone, V.; Richou, M.; Courtois, X.; Missirlian, M.; Magaud, Ph.

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • Non destructive infrared techniques for control ITER like PFCs. • Reflective surface such as W induce a measurement temperature error. • Numerical data processing by evaluation of the local emissivity. • SATIR test bed can control metallic surface with low and variable emissivity. -- Abstract: For steady state (magnetic) thermonuclear fusion devices which need large power exhaust capability and have to withstand heat fluxes in the range 10–20 MW m −2 , advanced Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) have been developed. The importance of PFCs for operating tokamaks requests to verify their manufacturing quality before mounting. SATIR is an IR test bed validated and recognized as a reliable and suitable tool to detect cooling defaults on PFCs with CFC armour material. Current tokamak developments implement metallic armour materials for first wall and divertor; their low emissivity causes several difficulties for infrared thermography control. We present SATIR infrared thermography test bed improvements for W monoblocks components without defect and with calibrated defects. These results are compared to ultrasonic inspection. This study demonstrates that SATIR method is fully usable for PFCs with low emissivity armour material

  19. Satire, Parody and Scatology in Roald Dahl’s Children Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia MARTÍN ORTIZ

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the humouristic element in Roald Dahl´s children literature. It is shown how the author writes a satire about society and politics. It is also seen his way of recreating fairy tales, doing a parody of classic characters and endowing them with qualities opposite to those they have in the original work. It is also seen how nonsense is the basis for many stories in his narrative and those jokes which are referred to dirt or body functions that connect so easily with children’s sense of humour. An attempt is made in this article to show the humouristic elements that the author uses to attract the reader’s attention.

  20. Little Devils and Satire in Vélez de Guevara’s El diablo cojuelo and Goethe’s Faust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Ann Rice

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Besides the other sources that Goethe used when creating his Faust, in his private texts the author mentions his admiration for Le Diable Boiteux by Alain-René Le Sage. An eighteenth century French translation of El diablo cojeulo by Vélez de Guevara, it was extremely popular in its times. The article compares certain elements in the two works such as the objects satirized in the texts, the use of the ‘esperpento’, amongst other elements.

  1. The Combination of Inconsistent Feelings in Satire or Humor on Persian Language (A Case study: Parviz e Shapoor s Caricalamatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Taslim Jahromi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Grotesque is a concept and style in art and literature in which artist or belletrist tries to induce two inconsistent senses of fear (anxiety or repulsion or laugh (satire or humor to second person simultaneously. Grotesque, today, describes and manifests distressed and alienation world. It means observing familiar world of strange perspective that shows off it fearful and ridiculous. The most prominent features that make a Grotesque work are as fallow: disharmony, extravagance and exaggeration, abnormality and comic and terrifying. But one of the most important art and literature branches that Grotesque enters in it, is satire and humor that one of its kind is Caricalamatur.   Caricalamatur is a kind of short, simple and satire prose that paid attention to around to phenomenon and world by different attitude with aim of foregrounding and based on some people opinion, also, it is defined as a caricature that is expressed by worlds.   Grotesque in Caricalamaturs has special appearance particularly in Caricalamatur of Parviz e Shapoor, the pioneer of this style.Grotesque in Caricalamaturs is more the result of two technics of abnormality (paradox, and extravagance and exaggeration and present to it strange and comic and terrifying picture quality.   The most important of Grotesque technics in Caricalamaturs are disorder, levels integration, exaggeration, movement, metamorphosis and uses of antithetical and twin.This research has performed by descriptive- analytical method to recognize and investigate Grotesque concepts, how it occurs and its contents in Caricalamatur by evidence representation.

  2. Climate responses to SATIRE and SIM-based spectral solar forcing in a 3D atmosphere-ocean coupled GCM

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    Wen Guoyong

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply two reconstructed spectral solar forcing scenarios, one SIM (Spectral Irradiance Monitor based, the other the SATIRE (Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction modeled, as inputs to the GISS (Goddard Institute for Space Studies GCMAM (Global Climate Middle Atmosphere Model to examine climate responses on decadal to centennial time scales, focusing on quantifying the difference of climate response between the two solar forcing scenarios. We run the GCMAM for about 400 years with present day trace gas and aerosol for the two solar forcing inputs. We find that the SIM-based solar forcing induces much larger long-term response and 11-year variation in global averaged stratospheric temperature and column ozone. We find significant decreasing trends of planetary albedo for both forcing scenarios in the 400-year model runs. However the mechanisms for the decrease are very different. For SATIRE solar forcing, the decreasing trend of planetary albedo is associated with changes in cloud cover. For SIM-based solar forcing, without significant change in cloud cover on centennial and longer time scales, the apparent decreasing trend of planetary albedo is mainly due to out-of-phase variation in shortwave radiative forcing proxy (downwelling flux for wavelength >330 nm and total solar irradiance (TSI. From the Maunder Minimum to present, global averaged annual mean surface air temperature has a response of ~0.1 °C to SATIRE solar forcing compared to ~0.04 °C to SIM-based solar forcing. For 11-year solar cycle, the global surface air temperature response has 3-year lagged response to either forcing scenario. The global surface air 11-year temperature response to SATIRE forcing is about 0.12 °C, similar to recent multi-model estimates, and comparable to the observational-based evidence. However, the global surface air temperature response to 11-year SIM-based solar forcing is insignificant and inconsistent with observation-based evidence.

  3. Journalism, Caricature and Satirical Drawings in Early Picasso (1891–1895: The Awakening of Pablo Ruiz’s Critical Consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Antón Castro

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In Pablo Picasso’s formative period in A Coruña (1891–1895, where he was born as an artist, the child and pre-adolescent who at that time signed himself as Pablo Ruiz, already knowing he was a genius, pursued an intense programme of creative activity while devoting himself to drawing and painting. Making use of his facility for reproducing the world around him in images, he also proved to be an incipient devotee of journalism as an instrument of communication and social awareness, a satirical draughtsman and caricaturist, seeking to give his version of events, in line with the magazines and newspapers of the period, and displaying a critical ability unusual in a child, a committed gaze, not devoid of humour and sarcasm, which prefigures the later Picasso with his progressive views, acute intelligence, meta-ironic approach and support for great causes.

  4. L’Arlequinade anglaise et la gravure satirique au XVIIIe siècle : Élaboration esthétique et détournement politique The English Harlequinade and The Satirical Print in the Eighteenth Century: Æsthetic Elaboration and Political Significance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Martinez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In the satirical texts of the 1720s, the English pantomime and its emblematic figure, Harlequin, pandered to the xenophobic prejudices that stigmatised foreignness and at the same time fuelled the attacks of literary satirists who exposed the degeneracy of the national stage. The print market that was developing around the same period issued a series of satirical engravings that endlessly rework the æsthetic grievances of verbal satire and give concurrently to the figure of Harlequin a political significance. From being the satirical embodiment of a perverted theatrical taste, Harlequin becomes a grotesque metaphor of the figures and fixtures of political life. Alongside the ideological import, these prints reflect the aesthetic elaboration of contemporary graphic satire. While these engravings invite a mode of viewing that moves from the image to the printed word, they translate the stylistic strategies of verbal satire into graphic form and oscillate between the emblematic tradition and the mimetic mode.

  5. Australia as America’s “Little Brother”: A Satiric Reading of John Howard in Andrew McGahan’s Underground

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Dahlstrom

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I read Andrew McGahan’s novel Underground as a criticism of the Australian government under the leadership of John Howard in the era following the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center. I draw out the satire of Howard’s perceived role as President George W. Bush’s little brother, which becomes a synecdoche for Australia’s relationship with America. I situate the novel in the context of America’s cyclically neo-colonial history in Australia and draw upon the work of Homi K. Bhabha to suggest that McGahan portrays Australians as an “in-between” people who are guilty of adopting American policies—and thereby relinquishing control of their nation’s sovereignty to America—without compunction. I further suggest that, in the tradition of satire, the novel could be read as a warning to Australians against following the United State too closely. With the rise of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, Australia has witnessed the re-emergence of the political climate that is reflected in Underground, renewing its relevance to contemporary audiences.

  6. “Cash Is Better than Tenure”: (DeConstructing the “Posthistorical University” in James Hynes’s Gothic Academic Satire The Lecturer’s Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreescu Raluca

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the manner in which James Hynes’s novel The Lecturer’s Tale (2001 can be read as a satire of what Bill Readings identified in his influential The University in Ruins (1996 as the “posthistorical university.” I argue that, in the contemporary context in which higher education establishments are becoming more like corporations and the idea of culture is replaced by the “discourse of excellence,” Hynes’s novel offers an insightful discussion of universities’ negotiation of the Scylla of the pursuit of profit and the Charybdis of self-absorbed literary theorizing and its association with political correctness, the exploitation of junior and non-tenured faculty, and the quest for academic stardom. At the same time, I discuss the way in which the Gothic elements that permeate the novel fittingly double and deepen the critique of contemporary educational establishments and professors.

  7. Cows, clicks, ciphers, and satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Tyler

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The social network game Farmville, which allows players to grow crops, raise animals, and produce a variety of goods, proved enormously successful within a year of its launch in 2009, attracting 110 million Facebook users. However, the game has been criticised for its mindless mechanics, which require little more than repeated clicking on its colourful icons. By way of parody, Ian Bogost’s Cow Clicker permits its players to simply click on a picture of a cow once every six hours. In this essay I extend Bogost’s critique and suggest that Cow Clicker highlights not just the soulless inanity of Farmville gameplay but also the paucity of that game’s portrayal of the painful reality of a dairy cow’s punishing daily existence and untimely end.

  8. Türk Edebiyatında Birbirine Yakın Üç Kelime: Hiciv, Medih ve Hezel Three Closely Related Concepts in Turkish Literature: Satire, Eulogy, and Comic Poem

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    Zülküf KILIÇ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available About social criticism in literature, it has been determined that ancient poets and authors used lots of words and concepts, but it is clear that especially the concepts like satire, comic poem and eulogy were widely used for the literature which deals mainly with the personal, objective and the social criticism. Lots of other concepts which are related to the subject are synonymous have a close meaning with these, and they are expressed collectively under the main title of satire. First, we have to state that it is rather difficult to determine the borders of these three concepts which sometimes have the same meaning, and sometimes have a different meaning. Furthermore, in the ancient Arabian, Persian and Turkish Literature we cannot see that there were absolute borders among these three concepts, but still it can be said that each one has a characteristic peculiar to the concept. There are numerous criticisms about people in Classical Turkish poetry. People were criticized for their physical structure, clothes, character and behaviors. Officers and those who have a profession were criticized because they could not make the best of thier duty; society and time were criticized in the sense of moral, political and economical corruption. While making these criticisms, although the target was one person, there has always been a criticism from that person towards the whole humanity. This is mostly carried out through irony, praise and burlesque. In these kinds of the criticism, although there is only one person in the center, that only person is sometimes not the only objective and that person generally symbolizes a character; thus, by that person a larger group is criticized. Toplumsal eleştiriye dair edebiyat için eski şair ve ediplerin birçok kelime ve kavramı kullandıkları tespit edilmiştir. Fakat kişisel, nesnel veya toplumsal eleştiri içerikli edebiyat için özellikle hiciv, hezel ve medih gibi kavramların daha yaygın olarak

  9. Daniël 2 as satire

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    23 Jan 2012 ... So ook Culley (1992:21) wat skryf: 'Like legend, biblical narrative ... Humphreys 1973:211; Collins 1975:219; Hartman & DiLella ..... Berger, P., 1997, Redeeming Laughter: The Comic Dimension of Human Experience, W. ... Heaton, E., 1956, The book of Daniel: Torch Bible Commentaries, SCM, London.

  10. City Satires in the Classical Turkish Poetry and Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’s Qasida of Edirne Klasik Türk Şiirinde Şehir Hicivleri ve Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’nin Edirne Kasidesi

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    Fatma Sabiha KUTLAR

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In the classical Turkish poetry, there are satirical examples among the poems which is subject about settlement places like cities, towns and villages. Poets, in these texts, had satirized various settlement place at imperial geography, generally because of its place name and folk features under cover of rhetoric and argo, reasons such as “disapprobation, aversion of the folk, disappointment, getting irritate from nature or geographical location, to be dispatched involuntarily”. In this study, the city satires that put down on paper by the Divan poets shortly familiarized which we have made firm, and it is focused on the Edirne satire of the XVIII. century poets Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî which put down on paper his negative feelings about the Edirne city, combining by negative features of the winter season. By the expressions in this qasida, the poet revealed intimately that he doesn’t like the Edirne and its folk. Likewise, he had indicated the contention among the two capital city of Ottoman Empire which its root reached to conquest years, continued implicitly beginnig of the XVIII. Century. Klasik Türk şiirinde şehir, kasaba, köy gibi yerleşim yerlerinin konu edildiği manzumeler arasında hiciv niteliği taşıyan örnekler de bulunmaktadır. Şairler, bu metinlerde “beğenmeme, halkından hoşlanmama, umduğunu bulamama, doğasından ya da coğrafî konumundan rahatsızlık duyma, isteği dışında gönderilme” gibi çok farklı gerekçelerle İmparatorluk coğrafyasına ait birçok yerleşim yerini, genellikle isminden ya da halkının özelliklerinden hareketle söz sanatlarından ve argo ifadelerden de yararlanarak hicvetmişlerdir. Bu çalışmada divan şairlerinin kaleme aldığı şehir hicivlerinin tespit ettiğimiz örnekleri kısaca tanıtılmış ve XVIII. yüzyıl şairlerinden Arpaemîni-zâde Mustafa Samî’nin, Edirne’ye ilişkin olumsuz duygularıyla kış mevsiminin olumsuz

  11. The Language of Satire: An Exploration of Stylistic Devices in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 2 (2010) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  12. A Critical Analysis of Some Modern Igbo Philosophical and Satirical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    On the part of the modern Igbo literary analysts, though they have contributed immensely in the appreciation of some modern Igbo poems, it is obvious that they have not really done much in analyzing some modern Igbo poems through various literary theories. This study therefore aspires to examine and appreciate some ...

  13. Truly Funny: Humor, Irony, and Satire as Moral Criticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadlez, E. M.

    2011-01-01

    The occasional role of humor as a vehicle for moral criticism is investigated. I begin by distinguishing between this particular role and the other kinds of ways in which humor and amusement might be regarded through a moral lens, consider historical approaches to humor that corroborate the kind of role for it on which my investigation focuses,…

  14. a critical analysis of some modern igbo philosophical and satirical

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs NK

    theory of innate ideas as held by rationalist philosophers. .... belief in the dignity and potentiality of the black race do not find expression only in his dramatic ..... The poet used the symbol of “osisi nwere uji” – a tree that has a hole, to describe.

  15. ЕЛЕМЕНТИ ПОЛІТИЧНОЇ САТИРИ В СЦЕНАРІЯХ ВЕСНЯНОГО КАРНАВАЛУ В РУМУНСЬКОМУ БАНАТІ / THE ELEMENTS OF POLITICAL SATIRE IN THE SPRING CARNIVAL PERFORMANCES OF ROMANIAN BANAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталія ГОЛАНТ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Голант Наталия. Элементы политической сатиры в сценариях весеннего карнавала в румынском Банате. Данная статья основана отчасти на полевых материалах автора, собранных во время поездки по населенным пунктам румынского Баната весной 2005 г. (поездка была осуществлена совместно с румынским этнологом Отилией Хедешан, которая ныне является проректором университета Тимишоары, а также на материалах, обнаруженных в сети Интернет. В статье анализируются главным образом события фашанка в г. Молдова-Ноуэ и коммуне Вэлюг (округ Караш-Северин. Ключевые слова: карнавал, фашанк, персонаж, сценарий, Банат Golant Natalia. The Elements of Political Satire in the Spring Carnival Performances of Romanian Banat. In Romanian territory the tradition of spring carnival festivities has relatively limited distribution. The word faşanc (also faşang, fărşanc, farşang meaning “carnival” is the most frequently used by the inhabitants of the Highland Banat, namely of the Caraș-Severin County in the extreme South-West of Romania and understood by residents of entire Romanian Banat as well as the Romanian population of the Serbian Banat. Being a practice with limited geographical distribution in Romanian traditional culture, the faşanc at the same time forms the continuity between traditional Western Europe cultures, in particular of the Catholic Europe. The existence of this practice among Banat Romanians is one of consequences of complex cross-cultural, cross-confessional and

  16. The Squallor phenomenon: Social and political satire in Italian music during the First Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolino Applauso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Gli Squallor: La risata triste e le pernacchieLa satira sociale e politica nella musica italiana durante la Prima RepubblicaAnche se spesso viene catalogato con il marchio onnicomprensivo di ‘Rock demenziale’, il gruppo musicale italiano degli Squallor rappresenta uno dei fenomeni più incisivi di satira politica e sociale nell’Italia moderna. Ciò appare evidente se si esaminano i numerosi pezzi contenuti nei loro album, che presentano brillanti e corrosive parodie di noti partiti e politici, nonché di tendenze culturali e sociali dominanti. Se consideriamo inoltre il periodo in cui gli Squallor raggiunsero il massimo successo (verso la metà degli anni Ottanta, essi possono anche rappresentare l’importante voce di dissenso che caratterizzò gli ultimi decenni della cosiddetta Prima Repubblica. In questo articolo viene esplorata una selezione dei loro più importanti testi, con lo scopo di analizzare le dinamiche della loro particolarissima satira in relazione alle tendenze culturali, sociali e politiche allora in voga in Italia. Ci si sofferma inizialmente sulle varie allusioni politiche presenti in modo generico in pezzi come Alluvione, per poi passare all’analisi di pezzi che presentano una satira politica più esplicita contro noti partiti (come i Verdi e politici dell’epoca, quali Gianni De Michelis (con Demiculis e Umberto Bossi ( in Berta II. Gli Squallor hanno creato parodie di famose canzoni utilizzando il nonsense, un umorismo surreale ed iperbolico e spaziando tra sperimentazioni linguistiche ed un linguaggio osceno. In questo modo, l’articolo sostiene che gli Squallor si sono dedicati alla ‘metasatira’, deridendo con successo l’industria musicale e radiotelevisiva italiana. Alla fine offre una riflessione sulla complessità della loro satira che anche se si è affermata come simbolo emblematico dell’anticonformismo, rimane nel contempo un fenomeno difficilmente catalogabile, perché in continua dissacrazione del canone e, in definitiva, anche di sè stesso.

  17. 345 The Language of Satire in Nigerian Politics: A Study of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    people in their literary works through language. Osunkentan affirms that .... Elizabeth had told me what to do to win ... and even Local Government Chairmen influence appointments into .... political positions, Nigerian politicians make lots of promises to ... Nigeria, there are cases where close friends and relatives become.

  18. The zombie and his italian half brother: the satiric use of the zombie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... italiana degli anni Novanta, caratterizzata da un consumismo banale e popolata di giovani ossessionati dalla moda e dalla pubblicità. Il saggio si propone di analizzare il racconto nell'ambito del pulp italiano definendone le originali tecniche di demistificazione. Key Words: Pulp Fiction – Gothic Novel – Consumerism ...

  19. "Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman": An Analysis of Satire as a Violation of Soap Opera Stereotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaulard, Joan M.

    The soap opera "Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman" presents an interesting new genre in television, as it defies the conventional standards and stereotypes associated with daytime drama. The central character is not a dependent victim but a survivor who indicates to her viewers the concept which advertisers and media management have of them. A…

  20. the satiric use of the zombie myth in the short story zoologo by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    splatter iconography – and the influence of American films, the giovani cannibali also ... cities of the Italian industrialised north are the settings for most of the stories. ... with a great deal of visual impact, the slang of modern urban sub- cultures, what ..... as semi-dead when all around him only the semi-real life of the television ...

  1. NiqaBitch and Princess Hijab: Niqab activism, satire and street art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moors, A.

    2011-01-01

    In this contribution I discuss two styles of presenting face-veils in the public that have a critical edge: the video clip NiqaBitch shakes Paris and princess Hijab’s street art. Whereas both visual forms play with ambiguity, they do so in different ways. The videoclip - bringing together a long

  2. The Narratological Style and the Reader of Evelyn Waugh’s Early Satires

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    Roksana Zgierska

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the role of the implied reader in Evelyn Waugh’s novels. An attempt will be made to define who the implied reader is and what is his position and role in fictional realm. By analysing narrative strategies and techniques within a selection of Waugh’s works, I attempt to discuss the changing relationship between author/narrator and the implied reader. I try to point that within Evelyn Waugh’s writing one can observe a simultaneous evolution of the narrator voice and the role ascribed to the implied reader. What is more, I discuss the limits of interpretation. I try to present and analyse how both the author/narrator and the text can impose limitations on the implied reader allowing him to move freely, however, within a set frame. Intertextuality is one of the focal points of the article, as I try to propose that the use of specific intertextual references in several different novels enhances the reader’s understanding of  Waugh’s fictional world. An attempt is made to prove that through analysis of different levels of understanding intertextual relation the reader takes on himself a role of creator. Furthermore, I draw attention to the places of indeterminacy. In this discussion I include both structures of indeterminacy proposed by Roman Ingarden i.e. blanks and negations, as both are needed not only to establish the interaction that takes place between text and the implied reader, but also to try to regulate such relation. An attempt will be made to explain how important filling the gaps within the text is and how completing the blanks affects the reader and the process of reading as such.

  3. ‘The political deadlock is life’: Boris and the satire of contemporary Italian media and cultural industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Boitani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available ‘Il pareggio elettorale è la vita’: Boris e la satira dei mass media italiani e dell’industria culturale odierni  Nel 2007 il network satellitare Fox Italia ha cominciato la produzione di Boris, una serie comica del genere mockumentary messa in onda sui canali Sky Italia dal 2007 al 2010. La trama di Boris narra le peripezie di una troupe televisiva alle prese con la produzione di una soap-opera per la RAI. In Italia la serie è presto diventata un prodotto ‘cult’. Nella serie Boris i pigri e opportunisti membri della troupe televisiva fittizia sono rappresentati come succubi delle ripercussioni che gli sviluppi politici nel Paese hanno sul servile network per il quale lavorano. Gli attori nella soap-opera fittizia vengono rimpiazzati e la trama stessa della soap-opera viene riscritta a seconda delle nuove coalizioni che vengono formate in Parlamento e i membri della troupe sono costantemente alla ricerca di raccomandazioni e protezione politica. Per quanto satirizza lo stato del Paese, Boris mette anche in discussione il fatto stesso che l’industria culturale Italiana corrente possa produrre un discorso significativo. Con riferimento alla teorizzazione della ‘parodia’ da parte di Linda Hutcheon, questo articolo discute la rappresentazione che Boris ha tratteggiato dell’industria culturale, analizza il rapporto esistente tra la serie e tradizioni comiche Italiane che l’hanno preceduta (la ‘commedia all’italiana’ e il modo in cui l’ironia implementata dalla serie ricalca e/o diverge da quella tipica delle serie mockumentary estere che l’hanno ispirata (Arrested Development e The Larry Sanders Show.

  4. Teaching "The Lesson of Satire": Using "The Wipers Times" to Build an Enquiry on the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary; Massey, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    "Blackadder for real" is how the British journalist and broadcaster, Ian Hislop, characterised "The Wipers Time", the newspaper published on the front line by members of the 12th Battalion Sherwood, and recently brought to a new audience in Hislop's BBC dramatisation. Mary Brown and Carolyn Massey were immediately struck by the…

  5. Going with Your Gut: A Study of Affect, Satire, and Donald Trump  in the 2016 Presidential Election

    OpenAIRE

    Clem, Chad Jameson

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration of affect theory and emotional rhetoric in the 2016 Presidential Election, and specifically in Donald Trump’s candidacy, first through a series of rhetorical readings of Trump’s rhetoric on the campaign trail and after his election. The first section of this thesis focuses on Donald Trump and the various rhetorical spaces he uses to reach his supporters through affectual means. Next, I will apply affect theory to Trump’s political rhetoric in order to illustrate ...

  6. The use of the Egyptian dialect in the satirical newspaper Abu naddāra zarʾa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zack, L.; Durand, O.; Langone, A.D.; Mion, G.

    2014-01-01

    The Egyptian dialect of the second half of the nineteenth century is very well documented. Indeed, there are many textbooks and works of grammar on the subject, such as those by Spitta-Bey (1880), Nallino (1900), Willmore (1901), Vollers (1890) and Burkitt & Vollers (1895), as well as dictionaries

  7. Balzac peint les français: social satire and construction of ideal types in Les français peints par eux-mêmes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilisa Moccia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Tra il 1840 e il 1842, negli stessi anni in cui prendeva forma quella che sarà di lì a poco la Comédie Humaine, furono dati alle stampe nove volumi dell’opera Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, pubblicata da Léon Curmer. L’opera vide la collaborazione di disegnatori e scrittori fra i quali Honoré de Balzac che contribuì al progetto scrivendo due voci l’épicier e la femme comme il faut. Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, definito nel sottotitolo Encyclopédie morale du XIXe siècle, è uno dei maggiori esempi di «letteratura panoramica», come ebbe a definirla Walter Benjamin (Benjamin 1979, e vi si mescolano caricatura e determinismo fisiologico impiegati per ritrarre, e non semplicemente descrivere, i tipi umani e sociali che popolano Parigi e la Provincia. L’introduzione di Léon Curmer e Jules Janin colloca il progetto globale dell’opera sotto l’etichetta di «tableau», già utilizzata da Louis-Sébastien Mercier (Mercier 1782, della società contemporanea messa al servizio della storia dei costumi. Da un lato, il dispositivo umoristico dell’opera scatena dall’idea di classificare gli uomini, svuotati della loro soggettività e degradati a tipi sociali, al pari delle specie animali e vegetali, ricalcando e “scoronando”, dunque, l’intento normalizzante dell’Enciclopedia dei lumi. Per questo motivo, la mise en page (ogni voce dell’opera è strutturata in type, tête de page, cul de lampe, contribuisce a creare un transtesto (Genette 1997, che stringe l’occhio al lettore del tempo, nutrito dalle opere di Buffon e Cuvier.  Dall’altro, però, l’intento dichiaratamente “serio” dell’opera che deve occuparsi di spiegare, con intento pedagogico e attraverso l’escamotage dell’autoritratto, i francesi ai Francesi, suggerisce una seconda ipotesi: la società tutta è risibile perché ridicola è la borghesia del regno di Luigi Filippo. Il contributo si propone di indagare il tipo di satira che emerge dall’Opera, con una particolare attenzione per la voce dell’épicier scritta da Balzac.

  8. A Dirty Hero’s Fight for Clean Energy: Satire, Allegory, and Risk Narrative in Ian McEwan’s Solar

    OpenAIRE

    Evi Zemanek

    2012-01-01

    A diferencia de la mayoría de los textos de ficción que narran crisis écologicas, la novela "Solar" (2010) de Ian McEwan, celebrada como "el libro sobre el cambio climático", no esboza un escenario apocalíptico que culmina en una catástrofe colectiva. En lugar de eso, se burla a nivel del discurso de la actual retórica del riesgo, al mismo tiempo que pone en escena la desastrosa gestión de riesgos de su protagonista utilizando el género de la sátira. Mientras que las descr...

  9. Strafbare Beleidigung eines ausländischen Staatsoberhaupts durch politische Satire? – Was kann Deutschland aus dem Fall Böhmermann lernen? / Helmut Satzger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Satzger, Helmut

    2017-01-01

    Poliitilisest satiirist Türgi presidendi Erdogani kohta solvava luuletuse esitanud koomiku Jan Böhmermanni juhtumit taustal ja Saksamaa karistusseadustiku §st 103, mis käsitleb võõrriikide esindajate solvamist

  10. "So She Has Been Educated by a Vulgar, Silly, Conceited French Governess!" Social Anxieties, Satirical Portraits, and the Eighteenth-Century French Instructor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegele, Arden

    2011-01-01

    Maria Edgeworth's pedagogical short stories "Mademoiselle Panache" (1800, 1801) and "The Good French Governess" (1801) portray contrasting French instructors, and illustrate a transformation in English girls' education in French at the end of the eighteenth century. While "Mademoiselle Panache" looks back to the…

  11. Subgroup Analysis of Trials Is Rarely Easy (SATIRE: a study protocol for a systematic review to characterize the analysis, reporting, and claim of subgroup effects in randomized trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malaga German

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Subgroup analyses in randomized trials examine whether effects of interventions differ between subgroups of study populations according to characteristics of patients or interventions. However, findings from subgroup analyses may be misleading, potentially resulting in suboptimal clinical and health decision making. Few studies have investigated the reporting and conduct of subgroup analyses and a number of important questions remain unanswered. The objectives of this study are: 1 to describe the reporting of subgroup analyses and claims of subgroup effects in randomized controlled trials, 2 to assess study characteristics associated with reporting of subgroup analyses and with claims of subgroup effects, and 3 to examine the analysis, and interpretation of subgroup effects for each study's primary outcome. Methods We will conduct a systematic review of 464 randomized controlled human trials published in 2007 in the 118 Core Clinical Journals defined by the National Library of Medicine. We will randomly select journal articles, stratified in a 1:1 ratio by higher impact versus lower impact journals. According to 2007 ISI total citations, we consider the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine, and BMJ as higher impact journals. Teams of two reviewers will independently screen full texts of reports for eligibility, and abstract data, using standardized, pilot-tested extraction forms. We will conduct univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses to examine the association of pre-specified study characteristics with reporting of subgroup analyses and with claims of subgroup effects for the primary and any other outcomes. Discussion A clear understanding of subgroup analyses, as currently conducted and reported in published randomized controlled trials, will reveal both strengths and weaknesses of this practice. Our findings will contribute to a set of recommendations to optimize the conduct and reporting of subgroup analyses, and claim and interpretation of subgroup effects in randomized trials.

  12. ‘Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?’ (Juvenal Satires:§345 (Who guards [nurtures] the guardians?: Developing a constructivist approach to learning about ministerial and spiritual formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham A. Duncan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this exercise was to develop an improved model of ministerial and spiritual formation in the training of ministers in the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa at the University of Pretoria. This is a perennial problem in many churches where there is a general dissatisfaction with the products, (i.e. ministers not only in terms of personal spirituality but in their inability to minister effectively in the many diverse situations to which they are called or appointed. The exercise of power becomes an issue in a vocation which is premised on servant ministry and so Juvenal’s quotation is apt as it is expressed as ‘Who can be trusted with authority/power?’.

  13. Satirický obraz novináře ve světovém filmu jako reflexe žurnalistiky

    OpenAIRE

    Hlavinka, Tadeáš

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor paper Satirical Image of Journalist in World Movie as a Reflection of Journalism aims mainly to show how journalistic profession is depicted and criticised in satirical movies about journalism by analysing some of those movies. The first part of the paper generally summarizes history of journalism in film and talks about journalism film as a genre and about ambivalent cultural perception of journalists. Second part of the paper is about particular satirical movies. To expose this spe...

  14. Журнал «Крокодил», 1922—1937 гг.: количественные подходы к изучению советской официальной сатиры

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popova, Zhanna

    2015-01-01

    The article is dedicated to the Soviet satire in 1920—1930’s. The main source of the research is the satirical magazine “Krokodil”, published since 1922. The article applies quantitative research methods to this heterogeneous source. Most notably, through formalization and categorization of the

  15. DRAMA AS A TOOL FOR SOCIAL COMMENTARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Ike

    on the happenings in society and thus affect some positive changes ... upon you, arousing, persuading and reproaching you” (Ebo 2008: ... making caustic comments on society are known as satires. This is because satirical works aim at “hurting us so that we can amend.” ... don't have right to demand that I hand over.

  16. Jim comes from Jo'burg': Regionalised Identities and Social Comedy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Mda's satire of post-1994 South Africa some astringent humour may obtain, although satire is not necessarily humorous. The comedy of romance and the concomitant transformation of identities is fairly gentle, as opposed to the more pointed critique of the intransigence of Believer and Unbeliever identities in their feud.

  17. Alimento vivo como alternativa en la dieta de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein, 1823

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Luna-Figueroa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La nutrición en los estadios iniciales de los peces constituye uno de los principales problemas de cultivo, debido a que es la etapa en la que se presenta la mayor mortalidad. En el presente estudio se evaluó, como alternativa en la alimentación de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare, el efecto de tres alimentos vivos (Moina wierzejski, Artemia franciscana y Panagrellus redivivus y un alimento comercial (Aquarian Tropical Flakes sobre la tasa específica de crecimiento (TEC y la sobrevivencia. La TEC de larvas resultó más alta con nauplios de A. franciscana (17.57 ± 0.39a% peso corporal ganado mg/ día, seguida de M. wierzejski (16.63 ± 0.41b, P. redivivus (14.25 ± 0.42c y del alimento comercial (13.20 ± 0.42d (P<0.05. En los juveniles, la TEC fue mayor con M. wierzejski (6.28 ± 0.21a% peso corporal ganado mg/día, seguida de A. franciscana (6.04 ± 0.23b, P. redivivus (4.86 ± 0.23c y del alimento comercial (4.39 ± 0.23d (P<0.05. La sobrevivencia de las larvas fue 80.00 ± 10.00a% con A. franciscana y M. wierzejski, mayor 25 y 40.62% con respecto a P. redivivus (60.00 ± 10.00b% y al alimento comercial (45.00 ± 10.00b% (P<0.05. En los juveniles, la sobrevivencia del 100% no difirió con ningún alimento. Finalmente, los nauplios de Artemia en la etapa larval y la Moina en juveniles estimularon favorablemente la TEC y la sobrevivencia de P. scalare.

  18. La satira e la storia delle emozioni. Una relazione privilegiata?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Pasquini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The present essay discusses interpretations of satire offered by different disciplines. Furthermore it hypothesizes that both verbal and visual satirical texts provide particularly useful evidences of the emotions related to a certain historical period or a certain context. The author analyzes sources from the satirical press, which has been the subject of his PhD research, and from the current affairs in order to proof the abovementioned hypothesis. Examples include articles and cartoons from satirical periodicals of the 1940s such as «Il Bertoldo», which was published in Milan, and «Ulenspiegel», which was published in Berlin. Furthermore the author analyzes comments posted by readers of on-line newspapers in relation to the recent lawsuit taken by Pope Benedict XVI against the German satirical magazines «Titanic».

  19. Non-destructive examination of the bonding interface in DEMO divertor fingers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Richou, Marianne; Missirlian, Marc; Vignal, Nicolas; Cantone, Vincent; Hernandez, Caroline; Norajitra, Prachai; Spatafora, Luigi

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • SATIR tests on DEMO divertor fingers (integrating or not He cooling system). • Millimeter size artificial defects were manufactured. • Detectability of millimeter size artificial defects was evaluated. • SATIR can detect defect in DEMO divertor fingers. • Simulations are well correlated to SATIR tests. -- Abstract: Plasma facing components (PFCs) with tungsten (W) armor materials for DEMO divertor require a high heat flux removal capability (at least 10 MW/m 2 in steady-state conditions). The reference divertor PFC concept is a finger with a tungsten tile as a protection and sacrificial layer brazed to a thimble made of tungsten alloy W – 1% La 2 O 3 (WL10). Defects may be located at the W thimble to W tile interface. As the number of fingers is considerable (>250,000), it is then a major issue to develop a reliable control procedure in order to control with a non-destructive examination the fabrication processes. The feasibility for detecting defect with infrared thermography SATIR test bed is presented. SATIR is based on the heat transient method and is used as an inspection tool in order to assess component heat transfer capability. SATIR tests were performed on fingers integrating or not the complex He cooling system (steel cartridge with jet holes). Millimeter size artificial defects were manufactured and their detectability was evaluated. Results of this study demonstrate that the SATIR method can be considered as a relevant non-destructive technique examination for the defect detection of DEMO divertor fingers

  20. Satirická groteska českej expresionistickej dramatiky (k interpretácii hry Franka Wollmana Člun na moři)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zelenková, Anna

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 2 (2015), s. 81-90 ISSN 1212-1509 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Wollman, Frank * grotesque satire * Czech expressionism * morphological structuralism Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  1. News with an attitude: assessing the mechanisms underlying the effects of opinionated news

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boukes, M.; Boomgaarden, H.G.; Moorman, M.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    Opinionated news targets communities of likeminded viewers, relies on dramaturgical storytelling techniques, and shares characteristics with political satire. Accordingly, opinionated news should be understood as a specific form of political entertainment. We have investigated the mechanisms

  2. Mongo Beti's The Poor Christ of Bomba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... discovered the Harlem Renaissance Movement or New Negro Movement ... Beti picks up as a subject for his satire in The Poor Christ of Bomba. ..... slave driver, and the indigenous man into an instrument of production” (6).

  3. Software Reviews: "Pow! Zap! Ker-plunk! The Comic Book Maker" (Pelican Software).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Bernajean

    1990-01-01

    Reviews the newest addition to Pelican's Creative Writing Series of instructional software, which uses the comic book format to provide a unique writing environment for satire, symbolism, sequencing, and combining text and graphics to communicate ideas. (SR)

  4. Administering Our State Library Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuFrane, Gerard

    1970-01-01

    A satire on the application of scientific management principles to a state library agency. Covers relationships of the state librarian to staff, the profession, and state and federal governments. (Author/JS)

  5. "You've Got to Know Your Apples."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dettre, Judith

    1980-01-01

    Presented is a satire on employee training, retraining, efficiency experts, consultants, team training, peer teaching, and behavioral objectives--based on the training of apple sorters at the Fantabalous Fruit Farm. (KC)

  6. Dal dissenso alla rivoluzione: satira e potere nel mondo arabo contemporaneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara De Poli

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The satire against Authority can provide a special understanding of contemporary history of Arab countries, especially exploring humour expressions before, during and after the 2011 revolts. After an historical review of satirical expressions in the MENA region in XX century, this study investigate the role that humour and satire played in particular during the Tunisian and Egyptian revolts. Even during the rough and brutal moments of the riots, Tunisians and Egyptians could laugh at the fading power of Ben Alì and Mubarak, testifying their pungent derision of the regimes. Their fall has therefore consented a wider degree of freedom of expression including various forms of humour, chiefly satirical, that nowadays, especially on web sites, provide a parallel overview of recent events.

  7. The Haves, The Have Nots and Class Politics in Esiaba Irobi's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Obinna O

    2018-06-02

    Jun 2, 2018 ... Drama interrogates the actions of man and through the use of satire demonstrates the follies of man's pursuit for material gratification ... Of Sowande, Osy Okagbue writes; ―Sowande's embodies a theory of movement that.

  8. Pengaruh Kapitalisme Dan Liberalisme Kehidupan Perkotaan Sebagai Teori Aplikasi Metode Wujud Berarsitektur Remment Koolhaas

    OpenAIRE

    Burhanuddin, Burhanuddin

    2010-01-01

    Remment Koolhaas, a theorist, urbanist, critics and architects of the Dutch, often talk about cultural change in urban communities. The influence of capitalism and liberalism to the urban life implicitly targeted design ideas and criticism, through his many works, a satire on urban life itself. Koolhaas called as a cynical. Work does not stop at just writing. Koolhaas in the architecture as "content" that terkamuflasekan, remains as a satire on the lives of people of the city own..

  9. „Paru słówek igraszką unieśmiertelnić wroga” – o pamfletach Juliana Tuwima

    OpenAIRE

    Stępień, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    The article presents both the formal aspects of the poetics of Tuwim’s pamphlets (enumeration, hyperbole, grotesque, irony) and the figures of those who are the targets of his satirical addresses. Tuwim used verse satires to create polemical and ironic portraits of individual people (the main figure being a nationalist journalist and literary critic Stanisław Pieńkowski) as well as to ridicule state institutions, ideologies and political parties. The author also analyses pamphl...

  10. 'To Make the Enemy Immortal by the Sheer Play on Words' – on Julian Tuwim’s Pamphlets

    OpenAIRE

    Stępień, Tomasz

    2016-01-01

    The article presents both the formal aspects of the poetics of Tuwim’s pamphlets (enumeration, hyperbole, grotesque, irony) and the figures of those who are the targets of his satirical addresses. Tuwim used verse satires to create polemical and ironic portraits of individual people (the main figure being a nationalist journalist and literary critic Stanisław Pieńkowski) as well as to ridicule state institutions, ideologies and political parties. The author also analyses pamphlet-like lyrical...

  11. Personal Effects and Vital Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemp McLeod, Ann-Sophie

    compositions. The dual status of personal effects as both illusory surfaces and material possessions is explored in analytical discussions of satiric literature ranging from The Memoirs of the Extraordinary Life, Works and Discoveries of Martinus Scriblerus (1741) though Jonathan Swift’s dressing room poems...... Concerning Human Understanding (1689), Edward Young’s Conjectures on Original Composition (1758) are used as points of departure in uncovering the pressures exerted on unitary constructions proprietorship satiric versions of the aggregate self....

  12. ‘A Stable of Whores’? The ‘Flying Squadron’ of Catherine de Medici

    OpenAIRE

    McIlvenna, Una

    2013-01-01

    This chapter examines the construction of the myth of the sixteenth-century French queen mother Catherine de Medici's 'flying squadron' through the literature of the sixteenth century, in particular, the defamatory pamphlets and verse libels that portrayed the queen’s household as a site of debauchery and prostitution. Revealing the authors of this satirical literature and their motives, it then traces how their satirical representations came to be treated as genuine descriptions of life at c...

  13. Alimento vivo como alternativa en la dieta de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein, 1823)

    OpenAIRE

    J. Luna-Figueroa; Z. T. de J. Vargas; T. J. Figueroa

    2010-01-01

    La nutrición en los estadios iniciales de los peces constituye uno de los principales problemas de cultivo, debido a que es la etapa en la que se presenta la mayor mortalidad. En el presente estudio se evaluó, como alternativa en la alimentación de larvas y juveniles de Pterophyllum scalare, el efecto de tres alimentos vivos (Moina wierzejski, Artemia franciscana y Panagrellus redivivus) y un alimento comercial (Aquarian Tropical Flakes) sobre la tasa específica de crecimiento (TEC) y la sobr...

  14. Equality versus Freedom in ‘‘Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut: A Study of Dystopian Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdol Hossein Joodaki

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the analysis of one of Kurt Vonnegut’s dystopian short stories, Harrison Bergeron, through the setting analysis  focusing mainly on the use of media as a means of creating mono logical setting and discussing the dance scene as an act of escape from this mono logical setting. Kurt Vonnegut, a contemporary American novelist and short story writer, using his experiences during World War II, reflects on the post war American society especially through his satirical works about power structures. And in this short story he satirizes the forced equality in an imaginary American society.

  15. The Search for True Love in John Donne’s “The Extasie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamemd Albalawi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available “The Extasie” is one of John Donne's most well known poems that demonstrate his distinctive understanding of love. Critics have argued over the interpretations of “The Extasie”. Some critics have conceived it as an expression of spiritual love and others looked at it as a satirical criticism. This paper attempts to show how “The Extasie” presents an example of great satirical poetry. The poem takes advocates of Platonic love in a mesmerizing journey when reading the first two-thirds of the poem. Ironically, the poem ends with a criticism of Platonisms who exclude the body from the notion of love.

  16. Isolation of Fungi from Heterodera glycines and in vitro Bioassays for Their Antagonism to Eggs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, S L; Huettel, R N; Sayre, R M

    1990-10-01

    Twenty fungi were assayed in vitro for antagonism to eggs of Heterodera glycines. Eight of the fungi were isolated from cysts or eggs of H. glycines during the current study, one was isolated from Panagrellus redivivus, and eleven were obtained from other researchers or collections. The bioassays were conducted on eggs from nematodes that had been grown monoxenically on excised root tips. Phoma chrysanthemicola, one strain of Verticillium chlamydosporium, and one strain of V. lecanii caused a decrease (P Trichoderma polysporum infected live eggs but enhanced (P Fusarium sp., Neocosmospora vasinfecta, Scytalidium fulvum, Trichoderma harzianum (two strains), V. chlamydosporium (one strain), V. lecanii (three strains), and an unidentified fungus did not measurably affect egg viability, even though hyphae of five of these fungi were seen in live eggs. The bioassay provides a useful step in the selection of a biological control agent for this major nematode pest.

  17. 'American Psycho': a double portrait of serial yuppie Patrick Bateman

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooijman, J.; Laine, T.

    2003-01-01

    Kooijman and Laine analyze Mary Harron's "American Psycho," a 2000 film adaptation of the 1980s satirical novel by Bret Easton Ellis in which Patrick Bateman, a narcissistic Wall Street young urban professional ("yuppie"), assumes an alternate identity as a serial killer. The authors examine the

  18. The laughing librarian a history of American library humor

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Jeanette C

    2012-01-01

    ""Should be required reading for all librarians and library-school students""--Booklist; ""a must have...recommend""--Library History Buff Blog; ""charts the largely unexplored territory of library wit and satire, both inside and outside the profession""--C&RL News.

  19. “Satire” in Khorasani Poetry in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    جواد  غلا‌م‌علی‌زاده

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sayyed Mohammad Bagher Hosseini *   Javad Gholamalizade **     Abstract     The fourth and fifth centuries are known as the golden age of Arab poetry in Khorasan, in such a way that Khorasan became a place for great poets and scholars from all over the Islamic world. One of the poetic genres culminated in this period is usually created when human is faced with an affair that irritates him and makes him angry and sad, and makes him interpret sometimes explicitly, sometimes implicitly, sometimes by nasty speech and sometimes by a virgin mode. Through analysis of related poems, the present study makes an attempt to investigate the reasons for creating satire, types of satire and its use in Khorasani poetry.     Key words : poetry/ poem, satire, Khorasan, satire form Dehkhoda    * Associate Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Ferdowsi University – Mashhad.   E-mail: hoseinifmb@yahoo.com.  ** Ph.D Candidate in Arabic Language and Literature, Ferdowsi University – Mashhad.   E-mail: javad_gh61@yahoo.com.

  20. Casualties of War: Combat Trauma and the Return of the Combat Veteran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiely, Denis O.; Swift, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    The experience of the combat soldier and the road back to civilian life are recurrent themes in American literature and cinema. Whether the treatment is tragic (Stephen Crane's "Red Badge of Courage", Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried", or Tony Scott's "Blackhawk Down"), satirical (Joseph Heller's "Catch Twenty-Two" and Robert Altman's…

  1. Antonio Delfini tra nostagia e satira | Somigli | Italian Studies in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The first is that of the confrontation between the urban reality of his hometown of Modena and its transfiguration through memory and writing, is articulated under the sign of “nostalgia”. There is, however, an ironic dimension in Delfini's narrative which blooms into full-fledged satire in the short pieces in Misa Bovetti e altre ...

  2. Reproduction, Contestation, and Political Theater: Reflections on Three Productions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirley, Dennis

    1986-01-01

    Considers the potential of political theater to raise questions of social justice in a provocative manner for students. Describes three productions at a Swiss boarding school, in which the author served as director: a feminist "Taming of the Shrew," a student-written satirical cabaret, and Brecht's "The Good Person of Sezuan."…

  3. Family Strengths and Adaptation to Army Life: A Focus of Variations in Family Values and Expectations Across Racial/Ethnic Groups and Rank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-22

    American in-laws: Challenge for transcultural community building. Military Family, 4(3), 3-6. Levinger, G. (1965). Marital cohesiveness and...Basic Books. Rueveni, U. (1979). Networking families in crisis . New York: Human Sciences Press. Satir, V. (1972). Peoplemaking. Palo Alto, CA: Science

  4. Alienation, Servility and Amorality: Relating Gogol's Portrayal of Bureaupathology to an Accountability Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samier, Eugenie; Lumby, Jacky

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the insights literature can bring to administrative and bureaucratic critique, focusing on the work of Nikolai Gogol. Gogol's satire of bureaucracy presages many subsequent social science analyses. These encompass the fundamental ruptures in society caused by a surfeit of bureaucracy in "The Nose" and, on a more psychological…

  5. Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Alive in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, James E.

    1969-01-01

    Tom Stoppard's play, "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead," focuses on the antics and tragedy of two minor characters in Shakespeare's "Hamlet." Although satirical of their philosophical pretensions, the play conveys the uncertainty and confusion of its two principal characters and thus reflects modern man's dilemma. The…

  6. Questions/ Constructions d’écriture à propos d’un noeud dynamique, transgressif de récits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celina Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Notes about the novel « Fantasia para Dois Coroneis e Uma Piscina” by Mário de Carvalho in which a satirical and highly imaginative portrait of the Portuguese society of our time is made, within a transgenerical, hyper- and metatextual form of writing.

  7. The Viability of Literary Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambone, Kenneth Felix

    This study explored whether or not there was an increase in understanding from one literary genre to another, whether or not this growth was apparent from one grade level to another, and whether the growth followed Northrop Frye's suggestion of order: romance, comedy, tragedy, and satire. The high school subjects were asked to read "Merchant of…

  8. A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, TEACHER PACKET, GRADE 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

    THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM FOR GRADE NINE FOCUSES ON THE CONCEPT OF GENRE AND ACCOMPANYING LITERARY ATTITUDES AND DEVICES. SATIRE, COMEDY, AND THE EPIC ARE THE SUBJECTS OF THE LITERARY PROGRAM. LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION STUDIES, BUILDING UPON EIGHTH-GRADE LANGUAGE HISTORY AND SYNTAX UNITS, CENTER ON GEOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL DIALECTS, PHONOLOGY,…

  9. Innovations in English at Bethany College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Delmar C.

    1969-01-01

    Curriculum reform begun in January 1968 in the English department at Bethany College (Lindsborg, Kansas) is detailed in this article. New offerings feature three "mode" courses: (1) the Romance-Epic, (2) the Comic and Satiric, and (3) the Tragic. Two new majors, the English major and the English teaching major, are examined; degree requirements…

  10. «Queixas» e repreensões da «Peraltice» : Folhetos de Sátira e Apologia da Moda no Portugal de Setecentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Vilas-Boas Tavares

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing abundant urban sampling, this article, using cordel brochures, recurrent socio-cultural and ideo-mental factors are reconstituted, implied or patented in fashion diffusion (male and female in the second half of the eighteenth century and end of the Old Regime, giving likewise account of contemporary satire and critical questioning of such phenomena

  11. Winning the Hearts and Minds: Improving U.S. Counter-Radicalization Efforts Through a Study of the United Kingdoms Prevent Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    officer to befriend the broke, depressed , unemployed, and mentally unbalanced Ferhani and “tricked and coaxed him into a scheme that was completely...Strategic Counterterrorism Communications’ latest YouTube satire of the “Welcome to the ‘Islamic State’ land (ISIS/ISIL).”244 The State Department

  12. THE PROBLEM OF GENRE DEFINING WORKS OF D.DEFOE AND J.SWIFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Maslova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the question of genre specifics of works D.Defoe and J.Swift. Novels of English writers of the 18th century are presented as a synthesis of various genre models: travel, adventure, philosophical novel, an allegorical parable, satire, utopia. The emphasis is on the analysis of the philosophical content of the novels.

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anurudu, Stephen Madu. Vol 6, No 1 (2017) - Articles Decoding the Metaphor of Internet Meme: A Study of Satirical Tweets on Black Friday Sales in Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2227-5460. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  14. "Arab Labor"'s Alternative Vision: The "Liberal Bargain" in the Welfare State of Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gal-Ezer, Miri; Tidhar, Chava

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on "Independence Day", an episode of "Arab Labor" (first season, 2008), a pioneer bilingual Hebrew-Arabic satirical Israeli TV series, written by Sayed Kashua, an Arab-Israeli author and journalist. "Arab Labor" was a breakthrough in the Israeli popular TV scape, where, as a rule, Arab-Israeli…

  15. Stylistic Devices in Ben Okri's The Famished Road | Ikechi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper discusses stylistic devices in Ben Okri's The Famished Road. In the presentation of his story, the novelist makes use of literary devices which enrich readers' understanding and enjoyment of his subject matter. Satire, register, cliché, pidgin and proverbs are some of the devices. Others include: figurative language ...

  16. Teaching and Learning in a Post-Truth World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Renee

    2017-01-01

    Renee Hobbs, director of the Media Education Lab at the Harrington School of Communication and Media at the University of Rhode Island, cautions us to stop using the term "fake news" with students and be more precise about the types of disinformation prevalent in content today, from hoaxes and satire to clickbait. In this article, she…

  17. Anti-Semitism in American Caricature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, John; Appel, Selma

    1986-01-01

    Caricatures produced between the end of the Civil War and World War II--cartoons in humor and satire weeklies, newspaper comics, posters, advertising, book illustrations, etc.--sanctioned ethnic and racial slurs. Jews were presented as negative stereotypes, characterized most often by stealth and derision. (LHW)

  18. A Look at the Modern Fantasy Currently Available to Young Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cianciolo, Patricia Jean

    This paper examines the fantasy literature that is currently available to young readers. Twenty-two children's books are listed and discussed under the following topics: good storytelling and lively imagination, recurring themes, satires and word play, original fairytales, and works that reflect the divided self, the occult, and parapsychology. It…

  19. Deliberate Disequilibrium: Preparing for a Community College Presidency

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNair, Delores E.

    2015-01-01

    Anticipated retirements and relatively short tenure in office create a shortage of community college presidents in the United States. To fill the unprecedented number of vacancies requires a cadre of candidates well prepared for the demands of the position. Using Satir's change model as a theoretical framework, this year-long reflective study…

  20. Let's Play: Exploring Literacy Practices in an Emerging Videogame Paratext

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burwell, Catherine; Miller, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the literacy practices associated with Let's Play videos (or LPs) on YouTube. A hybrid of digital gaming and video, LPs feature gameplay footage accompanied by simultaneous commentary recorded by the player. Players may set out to promote, review, critique or satirize a game. In recent years, LPs have become hugely popular…

  1. For dating Chariton’s novel: the figure of Demetrius the Cynic, a reverse of the true philosopher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelle Laplace

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to demonstrate the character of the pirate Theron, whose false name, Demetrius, in the novel is a philosopher’s name too, contains a satire against Demetrius the Cynic; by considering the whole account, I infer from it the novel has been composed in the reign of Trajanus.

  2. Poetics of Resistance in Roman Antiquity: A Reading in Neronian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANDCORPgh changing the world

    had considerable influence on his satires, which have been variously seen as obscure, ..... Juvenal was another fire-brand critic of the Neronian regime, known for his .... viewed luxury and lust as cognate vices so that those prone to sexual ...

  3. Er Storm P. en hardcore vagabond?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sortkær, Allan

    2002-01-01

    Den vagabond, som vi kender som Storm P.s, er ikke en figur, der kom fra en guddommelig inspiration eller deslige. Den var en allerede velkendt figur, før Storm P. tog den til sig, og figuren gennemgik radikale forandringer gennem Storm P.s liv: Krads social satire, hypervoldelig eller hyggelig...

  4. More New(s) from Lake Wobegon: Informed Tolerance and the Teaching of Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frye, Bob J.

    1994-01-01

    Offers a new perspective on teaching literature and the primacy of language in a discussion of how one teacher uses Garrison Keillor's "Lake Wobegon Days" in the English classroom. Focuses on Keillor's satire of religious intolerance. Demonstrates the need for an "informed tolerance" in the field of English studies. (HB)

  5. Discourse of Denunciation: A Critical Reading of Chinua Achebe's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No doubt the novel is classified among African classics in literary studies, as it is one of the narrative texts studied in universities across Africa and beyond. This study seeks to critically examine the nature of linguistic tools and stylistic detours that define the satiric outlooks of this narrative text of Achebe as a denunciative ...

  6. AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Decoding the Metaphor of Internet Meme: A Study of Satirical Tweets on Black Friday Sales in Nigeria · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Stephen Madu Anurudu, Isioma Maureen Obi, 91-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/laligens.v6i1.8 ...

  7. DECLINAZIONI DEL COMICO NEI RACCONTI DI STEFANO BENNI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Stefano Benni's work, a blend of biting social satire and fantasy, has won him the reputation of Italy's leading .... cultura di massa, per affrontare un discorso politico e letterario serio. In questo senso ...... 'Little Red Hood' ovvero: vera storia di ...

  8. The ageing body in Monty Python Live (Mostly)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Line Nybro

    2018-01-01

    This article analyses representations of the ageing body in the live televised show Monty Python Live (Mostly) (2014). The famous satire group performed in the O2 arena in London, and the show was telecast live in cinemas and aired on television across the world. In the show, the group members, now...

  9. The Politics of Deception and the French Lais in the Roman de Fauvel, Manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marinescu, R.C.I.

    2014-01-01

    The interpolated version of the French allegorical satire, the Roman de Fauvel, transmitted in manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146 (produced in Paris ca. 1317), targets the corruption within the French royal court in the last years of the rule of King Philip IV of

  10. The Gestural Theory of Language Origins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, David F.

    2008-01-01

    The idea that iconic visible gesture had something to do with the origin of language, particularly speech, is a frequent element in speculation about this phenomenon and appears early in its history. Socrates hypothesizes about the origins of Greek words in Plato's satirical dialogue, "Cratylus", and his speculation includes a possible…

  11. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Worugji, ME. Vol 11, No 1 (2008) - Articles Socio-economical/political satire in three plays by Tess Onwueme Abstract. ISSN: 1119-443X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  12. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy - Vol 11, No 1 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Socio-economical/political satire in three plays by Tess Onwueme · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. ME Worugji, S Osim, B Enamhe. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sophia.v11i1.65125 ...

  13. An operational non destructive examination for ITER divertor plasma facing components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durocher, A.; Escourbiac, F.; Farjon, J.L.; Vignal, N.; Cismondi, F. [Association Euratom-CEA Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France). Dept. de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee; Merola, M. [ITER International Team, Cadarache, 13 - St Paul Lez Durance (France); Riccardi, B. [CEFDA CSU-Garching, Garching bei Munchen (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    Full text of publication follows: To meet the power exhaust - heat flux of 20 MW/m{sup 2} - requirements of Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) during plasma operation requires control of their thermal and mechanical integrity. As heat exhaust capability and lifetime of PFCs during in-situ operation are linked to the manufacturing quality, it is an absolute requirement to develop reliable nondestructive examination methods, in particular of the CFC-CuCrZr joint, throughout the manufacturing process. Within the framework of Tokamak Tore Supra upgrade, a pioneering activity has been developed to evaluate the capability of the PFC to be efficiently cooled. In 1998 a test bed - so called SATIR - based on the heat transient method was developed by the CEA and is used today as an inspection tool in order to guarantee the PFCs performances. The technical procurement plan of ITER Divertor targets stated that all Cu cast layers on CFC armour should be subjected to 100% thermographic examination. Each ITER Party should demonstrate its technical capability to carry out the PFC with the required cooling efficiently. The ITER Divertor PFCs pose new challenges especially for the mono-block CFC thickness, and the number of full scale units to be tested which is higher than on any existing or under construction fusion machine. The SATIR method as functional inspection has been identified as the basis test to decide upon the final acceptance of the Divertor PFCs. In order to increase the detection sensitivity of SATIR test bed, several possibilities have been assessed i) the increase of the convective heat transfer coefficient, which improved in a significant way the sensitivity of SATIR diagnostic on ITER components. ii) the installation of a digital infrared camera and the improvement of the thermal signal processing, has led to a considerable increase of performances iii) an innovative process based on spatial image autocorrelation will allow to localize the interlayer defect

  14. The first theatrical adaptations of the Don Quixote and the beginning of Cervantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Rivero Iglesias

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzes the first appearances of Don Quixote on German stages. The goal is to illustrate how these theatrical performances determine the reception of Cervantes’ work in 17th century Germany. The first performances in Heidelberg (1613 and Dessau (1614 display an interpretation of Don Quixote, which intensifies the grotesque dimension of Cervantes’ original. Its satire is transformed into a satire of Spain in a context determined by political and religious animosity between Catholics and Protestants. The first German translation inherited this conception of Cervantes’ work. This conception would acquire new shades until middle of the 18th century, when the alteration of historical coordinates and the rise of individuality and genius thoroughly transformed its interpretation.

  15. The Subversive Role of Verbal Aggression in the Sarcastic Language of Njuz.net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanka Kalaba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, Serbia has witnessed coming into being of various media forms that all provide social, political and cultural criticism through acrid comedy, parody and satire. The paper centers on sarcasm as one of the key aggressive rhetorical devices used in the language of popular satirical portal Njuz.net, with an overview of the structural and functional characteristics of sarcasm in contemporary communication. The paper explores how language aggressiveness manages to create an affirmative context in which the domineering structures of the official discourse are undermined by marginalized alternative discourses, as well as how such content, disseminated mainly through social networks and blogs and charged with verbal aggression and intertextual allusiveness stemming from deeper political, historical and social issues, succeeds in providing a narrative of kinship among those who often see it as the last recourse to sanity.Keywords: sarcasm, violence, language, popular culture, Njuz.net

  16. The Emancipation of the Preface in the "Phenomenology of Spirit"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Parcero Oubiña

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In his work Prefaces, Kierkegaard’s pseudonym Nicolaus Notabene refers satirically to the preface of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, claiming the value of a preface beyond its connection with the book, against the hegelian objections to prefaces. The present paper aims to compare both works in order to reconsider the relation between them, proposing and alternative interpretation according to which Kierkegaard’s book, beyond its ironical nature, can be regarded as an explicit statement of the inherent meaning to Hegel’s critique of prefaces carried out in the very preface to the Phenomenology of Spirit. Thus Notabene’s satire will help to identify the hegelian preface as an “emancipated preface”, just as Kierkegaard’s heteronym describes them, as texts whose real meaning would consist in its ability to operate exclusively as a disposition [Stemning / Stimmung] towards the work that they precede.

  17. Fear as an object of aesthetic reflection in parodies of the gothic novel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moysik Natalya Grigorievna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article explores superstitious fear artistically represented in the Gothic novels by Ann Radcliffe (The Romance of the Forest, 1791; The Mysteries of Udolfo, 1794; The Italian, 1797 and in late 18th -19th century parodies of the Gothic novel (Northanger Abbey, 1818, by J. Austen; Nightmare Abbey, 1818, by T.L. Peacock; Heroine, 1813, by E.S. Barrett, and some others. It is found out that the representations of superstitious fear bear satirical character already in the novels by Radcliffe which are known to be the classic of the Gothic genre, the satire becoming yet more explicit in the parodies of the Gothic novel. Several types of the “Gothic” fear descriptions are distinguished. It is argued that the scenes of superstitious fear in the abovementioned novels and parodies are aimed against irrational Gothic mode of perception and meant to praise the rational way of thinking, characteristic of the Enlightment.

  18. Mainstreaming the Avant-Garde: Modernism in Life Magazine (New York, 1883–1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Mansanti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between literary modernism and mainstream culture within a little-studied American magazine, Life (New York, 1884-1936. It does so by looking at three ways in which Life presented modernism to its readers: by quoting modernist writing, and, above all, by satirizing modernist art, and by offering didactic explanations of modernist art and literature. By reconsidering some of the long-established divisions between high and low culture, and between ‘little’ and ‘bigger’ magazines, this paper contributes to a better understanding of what modernism was and meant. It also suggests that the double agenda observed in Life – both satirical and didactic – might be a way of defining middlebrow magazines.

  19. The image of the censor in a magazine caricature of Russia XIX – early XX century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Sonina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on a study of 17 thin illustrated humorous and satirical magazines and a number of several digests the author investigates about 30 cartoons of 1847-1917 years dedicated to the censor of the Russian Empire (in addition, selectively – censors France, Germany, Denmark and Sweden. The author isolates the main types depicted censors. More often the Russian censors were depicted in the form of an old woman, a functionary, in the form of "pointing finger" with the amplification means at hand – a red pencil, scissors and paint. The censor’s appearance transformed especially during the First Russian Revolution. The author analyzes the cartoons with a life-like portraits and abstract images of those who are professionally limited the freedom of the press. The censorship conditions (e.g. an urgency of the work or a depending on the political situation in the country are demonstrated. All of the examples noted the prevailing negative connotations of satirical images. Of the 30 cartoons only one picture presents a censor helping writers to pass a difficult way to the Temple of Literature (1847. All other images highlight of obstructive censor’s labor. It was difficult to publish a caricature of censorship and censorship. The article presents facts from the Russian State Historical Archive about mass prohibition satirical images. Painters invented the different tricks against the vigilant guards, but it did not help. At the end of the article author makes a conclusion about the inevitability of a small number of published satirical drawings by virtue of censorship illustrated periodicals.

  20. Self-reflexive videogames: observations and corollaries on virtual worlds as philosophical artifacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Gualeni

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Self-reflexive videogames are videogames designed to materialize critical and/or satirical perspectives on the ways in which videogames themselves are designed, played, sold, manipulated, experienced, and understood as social objects. This essay focuses on the use of virtual worlds as mediators, and in particular on the use of videogames to guide and encourage reflections on technical, interactive, and thematic conventions in videogame design and development.

  1. Den Københavnske Klang – Støj og ritualer i storbyen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreutzfeldt, Jacob

    2010-01-01

    Byer støjer. Det er ingen hemmelighed, at det både kan være generende og livgivende at bo tæt sammen med andre mennesker. For de, der kan blive trætte af byens liv, udgør støjen et uacceptabelt indgreb i privatlivets og søvnens fred. I Juvinals 3. satire harcelerer en frafalden bybo over bykultur...

  2. Fan action and political participation on "The Colbert Report"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Schulzke

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Colbert Report merges the increasingly popular political satire genre with fan activism. The result is that the fan community helps to construct Colbert's malleable character and demonstrates symbolic power through its willingness to act. The fans are usually a nonpartisan force, acting to produce entertainment rather than substantive political change. However, this can be politically meaningful, as the fans' projects promote collective action, parallel political activities like voting and protesting, and encourage critical thinking about political information.

  3. Loriot as a Symbolic Interactionist. Or: Why We Sometimes Need to Negotiate Social Order Even in a Bathtub

    OpenAIRE

    Dirk Koob

    2007-01-01

    The following essay intends to outline both the theoretical (action theory) and methodological essentials of Symbolic Interactionism in a predominantly student-oriented way. The importance of norms in generating social order is discussed by referring to a satirical example. Almost unnoticed the reader is made familiar with the central terminology as well as with the reconstructive methodology of Symbolic Interactionism. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0701279

  4. The communicative affordances of hashtags: the case of the humoristic uses of #jesuis

    OpenAIRE

    Pizarro Pedraza, Andrea; De Cock, Barbara; PLINDay Language and the new (instant) media

    2016-01-01

    In January 2015, the attack on the French satiric magazine Charlie Hebdo headquarters in Paris caused a lot of reactions on social media, including the appearance of the hashtag #jesuischarlie in order to express support and alignment with the victims. From then on, the stem #jesuis has been productive e.g. #jesuisparis after the November 2015 Paris attacks, but has also evolved into humoristic uses. In these, humor has an adversarial function (Veale et al. 2006): they ridicule the conveyed p...

  5. US-Mexico Borderland Narratives: Geopoetic Representations from the Mexican American War to the Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-05-03

    What they often find is an actual and metaphysical horror " (315). McCarthy’s portrayal of the boys’ subsequent behavior on the opposite shore...poetics of satire and comedy as well as a personification of geography, "Culture Clash in Bordertown" enforces the idea that because the physical...escape and resistance that uses elements of suspense, humor, comedy , and tall tale to show how Cortez repeatedly outsmarts the Anglo pursuers. This

  6. Falling for fake news: investigating the consumption of news via social media

    OpenAIRE

    Flintham, Martin; Karner, Christian; Creswick, Helen; Bachour, Khaled; Gupta, Neha; Moran, Stuart

    2018-01-01

    In the so called ‘post-truth’ era, characterized by a loss of public trust in various institutions, and the rise of ‘fake news’ disseminated via the internet and social media, individuals may face uncertainty about the veracity of information available, whether it be satire or malicious hoax. We investigate attitudes to news delivered by social media, and subsequent verification strategies applied, or not applied, by individuals. A survey reveals that two thirds of respondents regularly consu...

  7. An allegedly wicked sonnet by Lope de Vega (Duerme el sol de Belisa en noche escura and its source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Arellano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the humorous and satirical value of the sonnet «The Portrait of a Lady after her death», included in Rimas de Tomé de Burguillos, the last book of Lope de Vega. Other lyrical interpretations are discussed and details are given concerning its source of inspiration, which is a joke recorded by Juan Rufo in his Six hundred apothegms (Seiscientas apotegmas.

  8. Loriot as a Symbolic Interactionist. Or: Why We Sometimes Need to Negotiate Social Order Even in a Bathtub

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Koob

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The following essay intends to outline both the theoretical (action theory and methodological essentials of Symbolic Interactionism in a predominantly student-oriented way. The importance of norms in generating social order is discussed by referring to a satirical example. Almost unnoticed the reader is made familiar with the central terminology as well as with the reconstructive methodology of Symbolic Interactionism. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0701279

  9. Louise Penner, Victorian Medicine and Social Reform: Florence Nightingale among the Novelists

    OpenAIRE

    Talairach-Vielmas, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    Much social activism went on in the Victorian period, and quite a few social reformers were women. These female social reformers were even fictionalized and satirized, as Mrs Jellyby in Bleak House (1854), Dickens’s obsessive philanthropist who focuses so much on Africa that she forgets to look after her house, children and husband. Florence Nightingale was one of these activists. The nurse who became famous for her involvement in the Crimean War was a highly significant Victorian public figu...

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-15

    writer. At one time I read very much by Vladimir Korotkevich. Perhaps because all his things are profoundly romantic , and this to some extent...corresponds to my spiritual world. In mathematics, after all, it is also impossible to do without romanticism . And, perhaps, Korotkevich is close to me...action to information is taking place. A character in a modern satirical comedy said: "Literature is necessary but very dangerous." In our practice, we

  11. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Military Deception

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    emplotment: Comedy , Tragedy, Romance, and Satire. 2 3 It is not the actions of individual charac- ters but the plot structure that determines...laughter have been a response unless the observer emplot- ted the actions of the rectangles as narrative figures in a comedy ? Another experiment is...pretext be influenced by generals following the romantic tradition of the Old South with its emphasis on honor, gallant:y, and manners? These questions

  12. Development of an original active thermography method adapted to ITER plasma facing components control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durocher, A.; Vignal, N.; Escourbiac, F.; Farjon, J.L.; Schlosser, J. [CEA Cadarache, Dept. de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Cismondi, F. [Toulon Univ., 83 - La Garde (France)

    2004-07-01

    Among all Non-Destructive Examinations (NDE), active infrared thermography is becoming recognised as a technique available today for improving quality control of many materials and structures involved in heat transfer. The infrared thermography allows to characterise the bond between two materials having different thermal physical properties. In order to increase the defect detection limit of the SATIR test bed, several possibilities have been evaluated to improve the infrared thermography inspection. The implementation in 2003 of a micro-bolometer camera and the improving of the thermo-signal process allowed to increase considerably the detection sensitivity of the SATIR facility. The quality, the spatial stability of infrared image and the detection of edge defect have been also improved. The coupling on the same test bed of SATIR method with a lock-in thermography will be evaluated in this paper. An improvement of the global reliability is expected by data merging produced by the two thermal excitation sources. A new enhanced facility named SATIRPACA has been designed for the full Non Destructive Examination of the High Heat Flux ITER components taking into account these main improvements. These systematic acceptance tests obviously need tools for quality control of critical parts. (authors)

  13. Data merging of infrared and ultrasonic images for plasma facing components inspection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richou, M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France)], E-mail: marianne.richou@cea.fr; Durocher, A. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France); Medrano, M. [Association EURATOM - CIEMAT, Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Martinez-Ona, R. [Tecnatom, 28703 S. Sebastian de los Reyes, Madrid (Spain); Moysan, J. [LCND, Universite de la Mediterranee, F-13625 Aix-en-Provence (France); Riccardi, B. [Fusion For Energy, 08019 Barcelona (Spain)

    2009-06-15

    For steady-state magnetic thermonuclear fusion devices which need large power exhaust capability, actively cooled plasma facing components have been developed. In order to guarantee the integrity of these components during the required lifetime, their thermal and mechanical behaviour must be assessed. Before the procurement of the ITER Divertor, the examination of the heat sink to armour joints with non-destructive techniques is an essential topic to be addressed. Defects may be localised at different bonding interfaces. In order to improve the defect detection capability of the SATIR technique, the possibility of merging the infrared thermography test data coming from SATIR results with the ultrasonic test data has been identified. The data merging of SATIR and ultrasonic results has been performed on Carbon Fiber Composite (CFC) monoblocks with calibrated defects, identified by their position and extension. These calibrated defects were realised with machining, with 'stop-off' or by a lack of CFC activation techniques, these last two representing more accurately a real defect. A batch of 56 samples was produced to simulate each possibility of combination with regards to interface location, position and extension and way of realising the defect. The use of a data merging method based on Dempster-Shafer theory improves significantly the detection sensibility and reliability of defect location and size.

  14. Data merging of infrared and ultrasonic images for plasma facing components inspection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Richou, M.; Durocher, A.; Medrano, M.; Martinez-Ona, R.; Moysan, J.; Riccardi, B.

    2009-01-01

    For steady-state magnetic thermonuclear fusion devices which need large power exhaust capability, actively cooled plasma facing components have been developed. In order to guarantee the integrity of these components during the required lifetime, their thermal and mechanical behaviour must be assessed. Before the procurement of the ITER Divertor, the examination of the heat sink to armour joints with non-destructive techniques is an essential topic to be addressed. Defects may be localised at different bonding interfaces. In order to improve the defect detection capability of the SATIR technique, the possibility of merging the infrared thermography test data coming from SATIR results with the ultrasonic test data has been identified. The data merging of SATIR and ultrasonic results has been performed on Carbon Fiber Composite (CFC) monoblocks with calibrated defects, identified by their position and extension. These calibrated defects were realised with machining, with 'stop-off' or by a lack of CFC activation techniques, these last two representing more accurately a real defect. A batch of 56 samples was produced to simulate each possibility of combination with regards to interface location, position and extension and way of realising the defect. The use of a data merging method based on Dempster-Shafer theory improves significantly the detection sensibility and reliability of defect location and size.

  15. Neurological caricatures since the 15th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorusso, Lorenzo

    2008-01-01

    During the Renaissance, different artists began to draw medical illustrations from various viewpoints. Leonardo da Vinci was among those who sought to portray the emotional as well as the physical qualities of man. Other European artists described caricatural aspects of medical activities. In Northern Europe, Albrecht Durer, Hieronymus Bosch, and Pieter Brueghel were also famous for drawing caricatures. Later English artists, notably William Hogarth, Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray, and the Cruikshanks, satirized life in general and the medical profession in particular. In Spain, Francisco Goya's works became increasingly macabre and satirical following his own mysterious illness and, in France, Honore Daumier used satire and humor to expose medical quackery. Also physicians such as Charles Bell and Jean-Martin Charcot were talented caricaturists. Their own personal artistic styles reflected their approach and gave a different "image" of neurology. Caricatures were popular portraits of developments in science and medicine and were frequently used whenever scientific language was too difficult to disseminate, in particular in the field of neurology.

  16. Development of an original active thermography method adapted to ITER plasma facing components control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Durocher, A.; Vignal, N.; Escourbiac, F.; Farjon, J.L.; Schlosser, J.; Cismondi, F.

    2004-01-01

    Among all Non-Destructive Examinations (NDE), active infrared thermography is becoming recognised as a technique available today for improving quality control of many materials and structures involved in heat transfer. The infrared thermography allows to characterise the bond between two materials having different thermal physical properties. In order to increase the defect detection limit of the SATIR test bed, several possibilities have been evaluated to improve the infrared thermography inspection. The implementation in 2003 of a micro-bolometer camera and the improving of the thermo-signal process allowed to increase considerably the detection sensitivity of the SATIR facility. The quality, the spatial stability of infrared image and the detection of edge defect have been also improved. The coupling on the same test bed of SATIR method with a lock-in thermography will be evaluated in this paper. An improvement of the global reliability is expected by data merging produced by the two thermal excitation sources. A new enhanced facility named SATIRPACA has been designed for the full Non Destructive Examination of the High Heat Flux ITER components taking into account these main improvements. These systematic acceptance tests obviously need tools for quality control of critical parts. (authors)

  17. Upgraded acceptance criteria from transient thermography control for the W7-X divertor target elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missirlian, M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France)], E-mail: marc.missirlian@cea.fr; Boscary, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Guigon, R.; Schlosser, J.; Durocher, A. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Greuner, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2009-06-15

    The commissioning of plasma-facing component fields needs advanced non-destructive methods to detect in a reliable way the defects, which can impair the component performances and/or integrity during operation. Within this framework, CEA developed a dedicated non-destructive examination method based on active infrared thermography (SATIR facility) to inspect the bonding between armour material and metallic heat sink. Used with successful in the commissioning of the toroidal pump limiter of Tore Supra, this technique was applied in the frame of the pre-series activities of the Wendelstein 7-X high heat flux divertor elements to assess the bonding quality of the delivered components. This paper presents the methodology adopted to define an acceptance criterion based on SATIR test bed possibly applied for a serial inspection of the Wendelstein 7-X elements. Using the well-tried acceptance test based on the DTref{sub m}ax parameter, the new method includes advanced data post-processing techniques from thermo-signal SATIR and a data merging method to help the decision-making and to optimise the reliability of the binary response expected for a final decision in terms of acceptance test.

  18. Upgraded acceptance criteria from transient thermography control for the W7-X divertor target elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Missirlian, M.; Boscary, J.; Guigon, R.; Schlosser, J.; Durocher, A.; Greuner, H.

    2009-01-01

    The commissioning of plasma-facing component fields needs advanced non-destructive methods to detect in a reliable way the defects, which can impair the component performances and/or integrity during operation. Within this framework, CEA developed a dedicated non-destructive examination method based on active infrared thermography (SATIR facility) to inspect the bonding between armour material and metallic heat sink. Used with successful in the commissioning of the toroidal pump limiter of Tore Supra, this technique was applied in the frame of the pre-series activities of the Wendelstein 7-X high heat flux divertor elements to assess the bonding quality of the delivered components. This paper presents the methodology adopted to define an acceptance criterion based on SATIR test bed possibly applied for a serial inspection of the Wendelstein 7-X elements. Using the well-tried acceptance test based on the DTref m ax parameter, the new method includes advanced data post-processing techniques from thermo-signal SATIR and a data merging method to help the decision-making and to optimise the reliability of the binary response expected for a final decision in terms of acceptance test.

  19. La satira grottesca nelle tre ‘povesti’ di Michail Bulgakov: la tragica carnevalizzazione della Russia degli anni Venti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheti Traini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of 1921 Mikhail Bulgakov, a young doctor from Kiev with literary expectations, finally moved to Moscow. The capital of the new Soviet world is entering into the Nep’s years, featured by the figure of a new social climber, the nepman. Moscow and the entire Russia are changing, by staging a kind of huge Carnival of which Bulgakov chooses to portrait its contradictory and paradoxal nature throughout the instruments of a grotesque satire. The writer intends to represent the relativity and absurdity of situations that cross the threshold of reality to penetrate the world of paradox and absurd, where mistaken identities, amazing discoveries and unlikely experiments may be read as dethronizations of inauthentic heroes, unmasking of false myths, tragi-comic teasing of the authoritarian word. This paper analyses three examples of the bulgakovian satire in the ‘povesti’ D’javoliada,  Rokovye jajca e Sobač’e serdce and, with the aid of Bachtin’s interpretations, it suggests a new reading of the three writings and an insight into the reasons for the choice of the satirical genre in the whole literary work of the writer.

  20. Cavaire ~ Bonafos, "Bonafos, yeu vos envit" (BdT 111.1= 99.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Medina Granda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the use of the senhal Bonafos, that occurs in l. 27 of the partimen between Cavaire and Bonafos, as a satirical-parodic senhal. We propose to analyse Bonafos in the same way as we previously examined the use of its opposite, Malafos, in contexts containing a discourse that is far from that of the Canso. This would be the case of the pastorela and the partimen. The use of an echoing irony and its interaction with parody and satire would have made possible the conversion of a previous discursive modalizer into a satirical-parodic senhal in this partimen. We also take into account the use that Jews from the south of France made of the anthroponym Bonafos. The conclusions from previous works as well as the data deriving from the Geopatronyme have provided us with this interesting information. However, we do not believe that in this partimen Bonafos is the real name of the jongleur. On the contrary, we argue that Bonafos, even if an anthroponym, might have continued to ‘encapsulate’ the echo of its hypothetical origin: the discursive modalizer (anc bona fos.

  1. An Enterotoxin-Like Binary Protein from Pseudomonas protegens with Potent Nematicidal Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jun-Zhi; Siehl, Daniel L; Hou, Zhenglin; Rosen, Barbara; Oral, Jarred; Taylor, Christopher G; Wu, Gusui

    2017-10-01

    Soil microbes are a major food source for free-living soil nematodes. It is known that certain soil bacteria have evolved systems to combat predation. We identified the nematode-antagonistic Pseudomonas protegens strain 15G2 from screening of microbes. Through protein purification we identified a binary protein, designated Pp-ANP, which is responsible for the nematicidal activity. This binary protein inhibits Caenorhabditis elegans growth and development by arresting larvae at the L1 stage and killing older-staged worms. The two subunits, Pp-ANP1a and Pp-ANP2a, are active when reconstituted from separate expression in Escherichia coli The binary toxin also shows strong nematicidal activity against three other free-living nematodes ( Pristionchus pacificus , Panagrellus redivivus , and Acrobeloides sp.), but we did not find any activity against insects and fungi under test conditions, indicating specificity for nematodes. Pp-ANP1a has no significant identity to any known proteins, while Pp-ANP2a shows ∼30% identity to E. coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) subunit A and cholera toxin (CT) subunit A. Protein modeling indicates that Pp-ANP2a is structurally similar to CT/LT and likely acts as an ADP-ribosyltransferase. Despite the similarity, Pp-ANP shows several characteristics distinct from CT/LT toxins. Our results indicate that Pp-ANP is a new enterotoxin-like binary toxin with potent and specific activity to nematodes. The potency and specificity of Pp-ANP suggest applications in controlling parasitic nematodes and open an avenue for further research on its mechanism of action and role in bacterium-nematode interaction. IMPORTANCE This study reports the discovery of a new enterotoxin-like binary protein, Pp-ANP, from a Pseudomonas protegens strain. Pp-ANP shows strong nematicidal activity against Caenorhabditis elegans larvae and older-staged worms. It also shows strong activity on other free-living nematodes ( Pristionchus pacificus , Panagrellus redivivus , and

  2. Estudio del paradigma mesiánico de Elías: Historia de su interpretación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. César Carbullanca N

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La expectativa mesiánica del profeta escatológico se presenta en las Sagradas Escrituras por medio de los textos Dt 18, 18; Ex 23, 20 y Mal 3, 1. 23, que hablan de las figuras de Moisés y Elías. Este artículo, el primero de una serie, está centrado solo en Elías y presenta la historia de la interpretación que han realizado en torno a la figura del profeta durante el periodo que media entre el judaísmo tardío y el cristianismo primitivo. El artículo explica en primer lugar los antecedentes conceptuales y terminológicos de esta expectativa; en segundo lugar expone las diversas connotaciones que posee la figura de Elías durante el judaísmo tardío, tanto en Qumrán como en la literatura rabínica. En tercer lugar desarrolla la interpretación que realizaron distintas comunidades cristianas de la venida del Elías redivivus, representadas por los textos de Lc 1, 68-79; Lc 7, 26-29 y Mc 9, 11-13. Esta historia de la interpretación otorga una "panorámica" que contextualiza adecuadamente las diversas confesiones cristológicas en los textos neotestamentariosThe messianic expectation of the eschatological prophet is presented in Sacred Scripture in the following texts: Dt 18:18, Ex 23:20 and Mal 3: 1, 23, which speak of the figures of Moses and Elijah. This article, the first in a series, is centered solely upon Elijah and presents the history of the interpretation that has been done regarding the figure of this prophet during the period that extends from late Judaism to primitive Christianity. The article explains, in the first place, the conceptual and terminological backgrounds of this expectation. In the second place, it expounds upon the diverse connotations that the figure of Elijah possessed during late Judaism, as much in Qumran as in rabbinical literature. Thirdly, it develops the interpretation that distinct Christian communities made about the coming of Elijah redivivus, represented by the texts Lk 1: 68-79; 7: 26-29 and Mk 9

  3. Use of various acute, sublethal and early life-stage tests to evaluate the toxicity of refinery effluents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sherry, J.; Scott, B.; Dutka, B.

    1997-01-01

    The toxicities of effluents from three Ontario, Canada, refineries were assessed with microbes, plants, invertebrates, and fish. Acute toxicity was assessed by the Microtox test, an assay based on electron transport activity in submitochondrial particles, and Daphnia magna (water flea); growth of Selenastrum capricornutum (alga); growth of Lemna minor (aquatic plant); germination of Lactuca sativa (nonaquatic plant); survival, growth, and maturation of Panagrellus redivivus (nematode); and genotoxicity in the SOS-Chromotest. Only the Microtox test and the submitochondrial particle test detected acute toxicity in the effluent samples. Reduced survival and sublethal responses were caused by some effluents, but not all effluents were toxic, and none caused a response in all of the tests applied. The results suggest that the effluent treatment systems used at Ontario refineries have largely eliminated acute toxicity to the organisms in their test battery. Although reduced survival and sublethal effects were detected in some of the effluents, the effects were minor. Some of the tests provided evidence, albeit weak, of variations in the responses of the test organisms to a temporal series of effluent samples. Not unexpectedly, there were also minor differences in the responses of the tests to effluents from the three refineries. The fathead minnow test seems to be a sensitive indicator of the sublethal toxicity of Ontario refinery effluents

  4. Non-destructive testing of high heat flux components of fusion devices by infrared thermography: modeling and signal processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cismondi, Fabio

    2007-01-01

    In Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) the joint of the CFC armour material onto the metallic CuCrZr heat sink needs to be significant defects free. Detection of material flaws is a major issue of the PFCs acceptance protocol. A Non-Destructive Technique (NDT) based upon active infrared thermography allows testing PFCs on SATIR tests bed in Cadarache. Up to now defect detection was based on the comparison of the surface temperature evolution of the inspected component with that of a supposed 'defect-free' one (used as a reference element). This work deals with improvement of thermal signal processing coming from SATIR. In particular the contributions of the thermal modelling and statistical signal processing converge in this work. As for thermal modelling, the identification of a sensitive parameter to defect presence allows improving the quantitative estimation of defect Otherwise Finite Element (FE) modeling of SATIR allows calculating the so called deterministic numerical tile. Statistical approach via the Monte Carlo technique extends the numerical tile concept to the numerical population concept. As for signal processing, traditional statistical treatments allow a better localization of the bond defect processing thermo-signal by itself, without utilising a reference signal. Moreover the problem of detection and classification of random signals can be solved by maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio. Two filters maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio are optimized: the stochastic matched filter aims at detects detection and the constrained stochastic matched filter aims at defects classification. Performances are quantified and methods are compared via the ROC curves. (author)

  5. Comment Hollywood figure l’intériorité dans les films « hollywoodiens » de David Lynch, Lost Highway (1997, Mulholland Dr. (2001 et Inland Empire (2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David ROCHE

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article prend comme point de départ les travaux de Zachary Baqué et vise à montrer, à travers une étude diachronique, que les films hollywoodiens de Lynch ne le sont pas uniquement par leur représentation satirique d’un système corrompu qui compromet les ambitions qu’il suscite, ni même par la façon dont il retravaille les conventions génériques et narratives propres au cinéma hollywoodien. Hollywood est une présence à la fois horizontale et verticale, physique et abstraite, réelle et imaginaire, qui renvoie à la ville, au système, au cinéma et au rêve, si bien que la satire, la topographie, les motifs visuels parfois clichés et les références filmiques sont intimement liés en une expression de la subjectivité et de l’intérioritéThe article takes Zachary Baqué’s study of Los Angeles in the films of David Lynch as a starting point to explore David Lynch’s Hollywood movies. The author contends that the films offer more than a satirical representation of a corrupt, unhealthy system which threatens dreams and artistic creativity, or a parodic play on Hollywood genre and narrative conventions. Rather, Hollywood is a character, a presence, revealed as both horizontal and vertical, physical and abstract, evoking the city, the studio system, cinema and dreams, so that the satire, the visual motifs and clichés and the topography of Hollywood, and the references to Hollywood films, constitute a complex fabric of subjectivity and interiority.

  6. How El Negrito Saved Mexico from the French: During the French Intervention, 1861-1867

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William H. Beezley

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Emperor Maximilian became the target of satirical humor,  espe­cially in the form of itinerant puppet theater.  One of the most critical plays was “The Pastry War,” in which the famous puppet, El Negrito, representing the Mexican people defeated the French. This play offers an opportunity for a thick description in the Geertz manner of the play as a window on popular attitudes that resulted  in the formation of national identity. The play and the puppet demonstrate one of the popular sources that helped shaped the attitudes about the nation and its people.

  7. An Analysis of the Tragedy of Candide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洵; 吴昌荣

    2012-01-01

      “Voltaire, the French poet, dramatis, historian and philosopher was an outspoken and aggressive enemy of every injus⁃tice such as tyranny, bigotry, cruelty, but especially of intolerance. He was noted for his characteristic wit, satire, and critical ca⁃pacity. His works are outstanding embodiment of principles of French Enlightment”(wangzuoliang,2007:240). The paper is ana⁃lyzing the reasons leading to candide’s tragedy by exploring into the social background, the Christianity embodied in it and the contradiction between id and superego.

  8. Mandeville on hypochondria and self-liking

    OpenAIRE

    Simonazzi, Mauro

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses how Mandeville’s Treatise of the hypochodriack and hysterick passions (1711) was received in the medical environment, and I show that this work, in spite of being unusual and of a satirical nature, was seriously read and studied by eighteenth-century physicians. In the second part I will describe hypochondria as it is intended in the Treatise, with particular attention to talking therapy. In the third part I will show that in the Fable of the bees and in the Enquiry into...

  9. La leadership politica in Italia alla luce della tradizione comica nazionale

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Pia Pozzato

    2014-01-01

    Political leadership in Italy in the light of the national comical traditionThis essay deals with humour and satire in politics. The issue of humour is contextualized within a wider cultural phenomenon called ‘show civilisation’ or ‘schermopolis’, i.e. the pervasiveness of screens in our everyday life. In doing so I will consider the role of new media and social networks in fostering the use of humour in political discourse. Next I will try to find a new framework for forms of popularity in p...

  10. 'Submission'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg-Sørensen, Anders

    2017-01-01

    to Houellebecq’s book as contesting the political thought-practices mapping the ideological landscape in contemporary Europe from below. It pays special attention to the ambiguity in Houellebecq’s criticism of Islamism and nationalism, his portrayal of the hypocrisy of liberal democrats and his misanthropy...... as regards the role of democratic citizens in future politics. The article also questions whether the satirical point of view that Houellebecq adopts constitutes an adequate point of departure for invigorating democratic imaginations. The argument is that the kind of negative ideological diagnosis...

  11. La voz inconformista de Patrick Kavanagh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Brina

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Patrick Kavanagh, rural and self-taught poet, stands out among the Irish poets of the early twentieth century for his critical consideration of literary and political nationalist programs. Facing the quasi mythical representation of the peasantry built by the Irish Literary Revival, which was later used by the Republicans as a synthesis of Irishness, Kavanagh offers a unique opinion, ranging between despair and satire. The purpose of this article is to examine, from “The Great Hunger” (1942 and previous poems, the way Kavanagh disassembles this urban vision of the Irish peasantry.

  12. About dogs, wolves, snakes and roses: Berganza and the maske of memory of Momus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Llosa Sanz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper establishes a connection between a well-known lucianesque fable and the main topic of the gossipy dog in El coloquio de los perros by Miguel de Cervantes. In the fable, the god of satire and mockery, Momus, uncovers fidelity and memory for dogs, but flattery and deception for snakes. I show how Cervantine dogs are under the sign of Momus: they are able to uncover real and hidden intentions in the heart of each human being. Berganza, exercising satyre and gossiping, unmask amazing cases of falsehood and deception–he exposes his hard life through a picaresque biographical memory, and shows us the deceptive nature of humankind.

  13. “If both my sons were on the gallows, i would sing": oppression of children in Beaumont‘s the knight of the burning pestle.” “If both my sons were on the gallows, i would sing": oppression of children in Beaumont‘s the knight of the burning pestle.”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Andreson

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Critics have described various objects of satire in Francis Beaumont‘s The Knight of the Burning Pestle, cluding “boorish behaviour and the demand that the playhouse serve private preference”(with a “class bias”against the citizens, George and Nell; “chivalric romance;” “citizen success-stories;” “misunderstandings about art;” the “gallants”of the period; prodigal plays; and “a mercenary society.” Much less attention has been paid to another possible object of Beaumont‘s satire: the oppression of children and young adults by their elders, particulary their own parents. This oppression takes various forms throughout the play, including economic oppression, both bribery and deprivation of money. Although Philip J. Finkelpearl notes that “George‘s threats are the kind a burly would use on a helpless child” (25, it does not seem to have been noted that children are the object of most of the threats of violence, as well as actual violence, in the play. Critics have described various objects of satire in Francis Beaumont‘s The Knight of the Burning Pestle, cluding “boorish behaviour and the demand that the playhouse serve private preference”(with a “class bias”against the citizens, George and Nell; “chivalric romance;” “citizen success-stories;” “misunderstandings about art;” the “gallants”of the period; prodigal plays; and “a mercenary society.” Much less attention has been paid to another possible object of Beaumont‘s satire: the oppression of children and young adults by their elders, particulary their own parents. This oppression takes various forms throughout the play, including economic oppression, both bribery and deprivation of money. Although Philip J. Finkelpearl notes that “George‘s threats are the kind a burly would use on a helpless child” (25, it does not seem to have been noted that children are the object of most of the threats of violence, as well as

  14. This is Not Your Mother’s Terrorism: Social Media, Online Radicalization and the Practice of Political Jamming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Huey

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available 'It is commonly recognized that social media presents vast new opportunities for terrorist groups seeking to radicalize audiences. However, few scholars have studied the actual mechanisms by which radicalizing messages are delivered to those audiences. Within this paper, the author explores one key aspect of the phenomenon of ‘jihadi cool’ – that is, the rendering of pro-Islamic terrorism into something hip and trendy among online audiences. Discussed is the use of political jamming: a subversive, satirical activity that draws on humor to reinforce ideological messages. The opportunity for countering these messages through the same technique is also considered.' ' '

  15. Vertaalstrategieë na aanleiding van Oscar Wilde se The picture of Dorian Gray

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    M.A. The life and work of Oscar Wilde are characterised by ambivalence and paradox. In certain of his works he identifies with the moral codes pertaining to the Victorian era and in others he satirizes, and even rejects, the existing morality. The translator of Wilde’s literary works is confronted with numerous contextual and textual challenges, for example how to translate the moral codes of the Victorian era in a manner that will be relevant to an Afrikaans readership and how to do justi...

  16. Buying Blood Diamonds and Altering Global Capitalism. Mads Brügger as Unruly Artivist in The Ambassador

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reestorff, Camilla Møhring

    2013-01-01

    challenges global inequality in relation to finance and mobility. This critique of global inequality is staged through a peculiar ‘‘unruly artivist’’ provocation. Mads Brügger fictionalises his character and over-identifies with the corrupt diplomat seeking to buy and trade blood diamonds. The film is unruly...... because it rejects any explicit ethical claims and norms of participation, thus reproducing the self-same patterns of inequality that it seeks to document. This article studies the film as an unruly documentary that applies satire, cartoon aesthetics, and culture jamming as its artivist strategy...

  17. Dalle pagine della Fackel agli Ultimi giorni dell’umanità. Karl Kraus e la guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Morello

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available From Fackel’s pages to The Last Days of Mankind. Karl Kraus and the War. Between 1915 and the end of the war, Karl Kraus, an Austrian intellectual who had made political satire and criticism of journalistic language, engages in a fierce battle against the inhumanity and cruelty of war. On the pages of Fackel, a magazine published by him for over thirty years, from 1899 to 1936, he gathers many texts that then come together in the tragedy of the Last Days of Mankind, a great work, dripping horror, which seeks to represent the unrepresentable.

  18. El energúmeno misógino: la réplica feminista de Erica Jong a Nicanor Parra

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    Oscar Sarmiento

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the poetic reply by Erica Jong to a poem written by Nicanor Parra. The poetic self of Jong’s poem - “Men” - adopts the satirical stance of the self in Parra’s poem - “Mujeres” - to introduce a radical alteration of perspectives. While the feminist objective of Jong is to debunk the vitriolic anti-women discourse of Parra’s neurotic character, her reply also reveals the asymmetrical gender context of cultural production and reader reception of Parra’s antipoem. Though she contests his sexism, Jong also shows a nuanced appreciation of the male writer’s nonconformist work.

  19. Ironija i satira u dramskim djelima Maxa Frischa: Mehanizmi suočavanja s izazovima 20. stoljeća

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    Katarina Žeravica

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Irony and satire, two complex phenomena, find their respective places in the dramatic works of Max Frisch (1911–1991, a Swiss playwright and novelist and have gone through many changes gaining on different meanings, depending on the socio-cultural context, dominant literary and philosophical theories of a certain period of time in which they were analyzed and recognized as such. The aim of this paper is to show that Max Frisch, a 20th century intellectual who witnessed the major political, cultural and social changes of the second half of the 20th century in Europe and worldwide, uses irony and satire for coping with the reality and challenges of the time he lived in. Keywords: Max Frisch, dramatic work, irony, satire, 20th centuryNeutralna pozicija koju je Švicarska imala za vrijeme Drugoga svjetskog rata, a zbog koje je ostala pošteđena ratnih zbivanja te otvorenost klasičnim, ali i suvremenim europskim i svjetskim književnim te kazališnim utjecajima, stvorili su pozitivno ozračje za dobru, aktualnu i suvremenu švicarsku dramsku književnost na njemačkom jeziku nakon 1945. godine čiji predstavnik postaje jedan od najvećih švicarskih književnika, Max Frisch (1911–1991. U svojoj dugogodišnjoj književnoj karijeri Frisch je bio iznimno aktivan kao prozaist, napisavši pet romana, pet pripovijesti te četiri dnevnika, ali i kao dramatičar, ostavivši bogat dramski opus koji broji jedanaest dramskih ostvarenja napisanih između 1945. i 1978. godine. Upravo će Frischove drame biti predmetom ovoga rada, odnosno naglasak će biti na onima koje su se analizom pokazale najreprezentativnijima u cilju dokazivanja postojanja ironije i satire u istima kao mehanizmima suočavanja s izazovima koje je pred čovjeka-intelektualca stavilo 20. stoljeće, ali i kao sredstvima putem kojih Frisch progovara, kritizira i prokazuje besmisao jednog vremena kojemu je i sâm pripadao.

  20. De la sublimitat cortesa a l'efusió llibertina. L'altra cara de la «fin'amor»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicenç Beltran

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of satirical and obscene poetry, from the Galician/Portuguese and Provençal traditions to the «Cancionero de obras provocantes a risa» including Baena’s «Cancionero» and the «Cancionero General» by Hernando del Castillo. The author shows there is continuity in the use of these themes that is independent of their treatment and the rhetorical settings.The last pages are dedicated to the «Carajicomedia», the work of an author who is familiar with Valencia and perhaps with the milieu of Fenollar and company.

  1. Laughing Out Loud with Jonathan Coe: A Conversation

    OpenAIRE

    Guignery, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    This conversation with Jonathan Coe took place at the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon on 15 October 2015. Part of the discussion focuses on Coe’s fictional production and part of it draws from essays included in Marginal Notes, Doubtful Statements. Non-Fiction, 1990-2013, a collection which contains pieces about such comic or satirical writers as Henry Fielding, Jonathan Swift, Laurence Sterne, B.S. Johnson, Alasdair Gray and David Nobbs, as well as musicians and film directors. The book com...

  2. ”Elveland” – Irony and Laughter as Power Media in Sea Sámi Folk-Song Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lill Tove Fredriksen

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is a literary analysis of the satirical Sámi folk-song ”Elveland”. The song about about the road man, forester and river attendant Elveland on the west side of the municipality of Porsanger was made in the beginning of the 1900s, as a form of revenge on the part of the local community because he would not let them cut as much firewood as they needed. With irony as an important device, the text serves as a meeting point for dialogues between different voices, and where power relations and the political nature of cultural identity is revealed.

  3. Playing by the rules. The Hague courts and the Acteonisation du Grand Veneur d’Hollande (1643

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    Marika Keblusek

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses an unpublished play, Acteonisation du Grand Veneur d’Hollande (1643. Created – and possibly performed – within the immediate circle of the court of Elizabeth of Bohemia in The Hague, its anonymous author satirizes the various personalities in the Orange courts of respectively Frederik Hendrik and Amalia von Solms, and Willem II and Mary Stuart. Focusing on the social ambitions of Johannes Polyander van Kerckhoven, Lord of Heenvliet, and by using the popular myth of Actaeon and Diana, the clash between court and city, between princely aristocrats and republican burghers is played out.

  4. Le vespe qualunquiste e la satira politica

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    Maurizio Cocco

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The weekly review «L’Uomo Qualunque» was the most popular newspaper in Italy in the second postwar. Created by a Neapolitan playwright, Guglielmo Giannini, it was the voice of the discontent of the middle classes and strongly opposed the CLN governments and the antifascist political parties.The paper aims to provide analysis of the use of satire in the newspaper. It focuses on the section named «Le vespe», in which Giannini used jokes and humorous anecdotes to criticize the transition from fascism to democracy; in particular the epuration, the political system and its personnel.

  5. December Liberties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münster-Swendsen, Mia

    2016-01-01

    centuries after the first millennium. The hypothesis is that these intertextual references played a crucial part in making it possible to engage in very direct and often outrageous satire – which functioned as a clever pedagogical tool to enliven teaching, but also seems to have had a connection...... of historical source material regarding the social life of the high-medieval learned milieus. It is contended that these remarkable and sometimes outrageous texts, as well as being vehicles of the teaching of Latin composition, became a tool for negotiating and defining intimate relationships between people...

  6. Alexander, Hannibal, and Scipio in Lucian

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    Barry Baldwin

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Not much has been written about this particular Dialogue of the Dead. What there is, apart from noting the obvious fact of it being a comic syncrisis, concentrates on the role of Scipio and Lucian's alleged historical errors throughout the piece. But there is much more to be said about correlation of satire and history in the piece. And the supposed historical errors melt away upon examination. This paper also encompasses two new topics: a general review of the dialogue and its theme in terms of both genre and topicality, and some possible internal evidence for redating it to a later period than has hitherto been done.

  7. Essayistic style in translation: the case of Kurt Vonnegut’s collection “A man without a country“

    OpenAIRE

    Kaminskaitė, Kamilė

    2018-01-01

    Humor is a popular literary feature often found in fiction and in other types of writings. Its basic function is to entertain the reader and to show the problems of society nowadays. It also shows different problems and way to solve them through aspects of irony and satire. Also, the translators must have a great command of languages they work with and together be familiar with the cultures, and the function of language because the knowledge about the source and target cultures enables solvin...

  8. Historia e historietas en la obra de Rius: el cómic como forma de arte

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    Laura Alicino

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this essay we will analyze the relationship between text and image within the work of the Mexican cartoonist Eduardo del Río (Rius, to show how both text and image are capable of representing Mexico’s present and past. In his work, Rius establishes a contrapuntal relationship between realistic and satirical images, as well as between historical texts and personal interpretation. Through a combination of tragic and humoristic register, Rius’s comic is transformed from a simple product of the mass culture, to a fundamental instrument of criticism and political opposition to the dominant ideology.

  9. George Orwell's Animal Farm: A metonym for a dictatorship

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    H. Sewlall

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell’s Animal Farm is traditionally read as a satire on dictatorships in general, and the Bolshevik Revolution in particular. This article postulates the notion that the schema of the book has attained the force of metonymy to such an extent that whenever one alludes to the title of the book or some lines from it, one conjures up images associated with a dictatorship. The title of the book has become a part of the conceptual political lexicon of the English language to refer to the corruption of a utopian ideology. As an ideological state, Animal Farm has its vision, which is embedded in its constitution; it has the vote, a national anthem and a flag. It even has its patriots, double-dealers, social engineers and lechers. In this way the title Animal Farm, like Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, or Thomas More’s Utopia, functions metonymically to map a conceptual framework which matches the coordinates of the book. The article concludes with a look at contemporary society to show how Orwell’s satire endorses the words of Lord Acton, namely, that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

  10. Politica e censura nella Francia di Louis XIV: Chavigny de La Bretonnière

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    Chiara Mainardi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available During the reign of Louis XIV French libertines were expressing their intellectual dissent by opposing absolutism and criticising historical and religious conflicts. While in France, before abrogating the Edict of Nantes, any opposition was suppressed, Chavigny de La Bretonnière supported a revolt against the Church and political power. The prominent role of clandestine literature in Old Regime France will be analysed in this paper by considering critical studies about libertinage. In particular, the political and antireligious discourse carried on by this author will be highlighted by taking into account his ‘lardons’, satirical articles against French government, his erotic novel La Religieuse en chemise and his ecclesiastic pamphlet Le Cochon mitré. In a true editorial campaign, Chavigny de La Bretonnière attaches French royal power, through the use of satire he depicts corrupted prelates as obscene creatures and he reforms libertine dialogue by enhancing broad political purposes. As a response to his critics and claims, Chavigny was kidnapped, tortured and imprisoned for life. His name disappeared from history.

  11. MENGURAI KEBINGUNGAN (REFLEKSI TERHADAP KESEMRAWUTAN KONSEP DAKWAH ISLAM DI INDONESIA

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    Kholil Lur Rochman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available There are two main problems destroying and paralyzing the existence of da’wah in the present time. The first is the weakness of epistemological study that makes dak’wah is meant as just a routine, temporal, and instant activity, which is strengthened with the doctrine that performing da’wah activity is God’s order. The second is the dominant interpretation that da’wah is an oral communication that flowered with jokes and satires. For that reason, there are some steps to be appropriately done to give a new direction in reconstructing da’wah (Islamic preaching in Indonesia. The steps are: 1 to change exclusive discourse of religiosity to an inclusive one; 2 the admission of plurality in religion; 3 actualizing empowerment da’wah; and 4 inter-religion dialogues, as an orientation of future da’wah.   Ada dua masalah dasar yang menggerogoti dan melumpuhkan eksistensi dakwah dewasa ini yaitu lemahnya kajian epistemologi sehingga dakwah hanya dimaknai sebagai rutinitas, temporal dan instan yang dikuatkan dengan argumen bahwa berdakwah adalah perintah Tuhan dan dominasi pemahaman bahwa dakwah adalah oral comunication yang mementingkan banyolanbanyolan garing dan satir. Untuk itu, ada beberapa langkah yang harus digarap secara tepat untuk memberikan arah baru dalam melakukan proses rekonstruksi dakwah Islam di Indonesia. Langkah tersebut adalah pertama, mengubah wacana eksklusif tentang cara keberagamaan menuju wacana inklusif, kedua, pengakuan adanya pluralitas dalam beragama, ketiga, membumikan dakwah pemberdayaan, dan yang keempat, adalah upaya dialog antar agama, sebagai orientasi dakwah masa depan.

  12. Discours en circulation et (démontage filmique dans Fahrenheit 9/11 [Circulating discourse and film editing in Fahrenheit 9/11

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    Andrea Landvogt

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Le film documentaire est une pratique sociale discursive médiatique qui se fonde essentiellement sur des pratiques citationnelles allant de l'allusion vague à la citation exacte. L'étude se concentre surun effet qui résulte de la rhéthorique filmique caractéristique de Michael Moore: la mise en circulation de discours –verbaux, visuels et acoustiques– décontextualisés grâce aux techniques du montage. Dans la mesure où il s'agit, dans la plupart des cas, d'un montagediscordant, Moore parvient à transgresser les normes du genre «documentaire» pour arriver à la docu-satire.Documentaries can be seen as a social practice of filmic discourse. They are essentially based on citation techniques ranging from vague allusions to exact reproductions. The present study emphasizes a characteristic effect of Michael Moore's film rhethoric which consists in the use of montage techniques in order make –verbal, visual and acoustic– discourses circulate. However, Moore's excessiveuse of discordant montage is eventually overcoming the standards of documentary film as genre. It leads to something new we would like to call docu-satire.

  13. On the Origins of the Lubok Text The Register of Dames and Handsome Maidens

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    Alexandra A. Pletneva

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the attempts to identify the prototype and the sources of The Register of Dames and Handsome Maidens, which was part of the lubok tradition of the 17th–18th centuries. This text is a list of female proper names provided with humorous commentaries. The satirical texts of the 17th century frequently replicate the structure of the documents and literary texts of those times. Some satirical texts represent the structure of church services, an alphabet prayer, a petition, etc. Among the manuscript and lubok texts of the 17th–18th centuries, there is a significant number of texts which include lists of names with humorous characteristics. These texts may be dated back to the Old Russian dictionaries of proper names, e.g., the Commentaries on the Names in Alphabetical Order by Maximus the Greek. Unlike the other texts organized as lists of names, The Register of Dames is related to the wedding ritual, and its probable source can be identified as the register of potential brides for Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, which was compiled in 1669-1670, when Tsar Alexey was planning to marry for a second time. The text of the Register includes all but two of the names that appear in the probable prototype, including rather rare names. Furthermore, the name Natalia—that is, the tsar’s future wife—is particularly emphasized.

  14. Separating Facts from Fiction: Linguistic Models to Classify Suspicious and Trusted News Posts on Twitter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volkova, Svitlana; Shaffer, Kyle J.; Jang, Jin Yea; Hodas, Nathan O.

    2017-07-30

    Pew research polls report 62 percent of U.S. adults get news on social media (Gottfried and Shearer, 2016). In a December poll, 64 percent of U.S. adults said that “made-up news” has caused a “great deal of confusion” about the facts of current events (Barthel et al., 2016). Fabricated stories spread in social media, ranging from deliberate propaganda to hoaxes and satire, contributes to this confusion in addition to having serious effects on global stability. In this work we build predictive models to classify 130 thousand news tweets as suspicious or verified, and predict four subtypes of suspicious news – satire, hoaxes, clickbait and propaganda. We demonstrate that neural network models trained on tweet content and social network interactions outperform lexical models. Unlike previous work on deception detection, we find that adding syntax and grammar features to our models decreases performance. Incorporating linguistic features, including bias and subjectivity, improves classification results, however social interaction features are most informative for finer-grained separation between our four types of suspicious news posts.

  15. Qualification of high heat flux components: application to target elements of W7-X divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Missirlian, M; Durocher, A; Grosman, A; Schlosser, J; Boscary, J; Escourbiac, F; Cismondi, F

    2007-01-01

    The development of actively cooled plasma-facing components (PFC) represents one of fusion's most challenging engineering efforts. In this frame, a high-quality bonding between the refractory armour and the heat sink is essential to ensure the heat removal capability and the thermal performances of PFC. Experience gained during manufacturing of Tore Supra actively cooled PFC led to the establishment of a qualification methodology and provided a large experience of acceptance criteria using an active infrared thermography (systeme d'acquisition de traitement infra-rouge, SATIR). This paper presents the application of this qualification process to the W7-X pre-series components, with the objective of assessing and defining workable acceptance criteria that enable reliable predictions of performance at the nominal heat flux requirements in W7-X. Finally, to check the reliability of the non-destructive examination (NDE) method by transient infrared thermography, the newly defined acceptance criteria were applied to W7-X pre-series target elements (batch no. 3). The SATIR results, benchmarked with HHF tests performed on the GLADIS ion beam facility were discussed to assess the ability to detect critical defects at the interface between tiles and heat sink

  16. Solar-Iss a New Solar Reference Spectrum Covering the Far UV to the Infrared (165 to 3088 Nm) Based on Reanalyzed Solar/solspec Cycle 24 Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damé, L.; Meftah, M.; Irbah, A.; Hauchecorne, A.; Bekki, S.; Bolsée, D.; Pereira, N.; Sluse, D.; Cessateur, G.

    2017-12-01

    Since April 5, 2008 and until February 15, 2017, the SOLSPEC (SOLar SPECtrometer) spectro-radiometer of the SOLAR facility on the International Space Station performed accurate measurements of Solar Spectral Irradiance (SSI) from the far ultraviolet to the infrared (165 nm to 3088 nm). These measurements, unique by their large spectral coverage and long time range, are of primary importance for a better understanding of solar physics and of the impact of solar variability on climate (via Earth's atmospheric photochemistry), noticeably through the "top-down" mechanism amplifying ultraviolet (UV) solar forcing effects on the climate (UV affects stratospheric dynamics and temperatures, altering interplanetary waves and weather patterns both poleward and downward to the lower stratosphere and troposphere regions). SOLAR/SOLSPEC, with almost 9 years of observations covering the essential of the unusual solar cycle 24 from minimum in 2008 to maximum, allowed to establish new reference solar spectra from UV to IR (165 to 3088 nm) at minimum (beginning of mission) and maximum of activity. The complete reanalysis was possible thanks to revised engineering corrections, improved calibrations and advanced procedures to account for thermal, aging and pointing corrections. The high quality and sensitivity of SOLSPEC data allow to follow temporal variability in UV but also in visible along the cycle. Uncertainties on these measurements are evaluated and results, absolute reference spectra and variability, are compared with other measurements (WHI, ATLAS-3, SCIAMACHY, SORCE/SOLSTICE, SORCE/SIM) and models (SATIRE-S, NRLSSI, NESSY)

  17. FIGURES OF SPEECH MINANGKABAU LOCALITY IN CARITO MINANG KINI BY HAKIMAH RAHMAH S. IN PADANG EKSPRES

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    Hasnul Fikri

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to describe the locality style of Minangkabau in anecdotal texts “Carito Minang Kini: Barinam jo Rosalina” by Hakimah Rahmah S. in Padang Ekspres (CMK: BJR, which includes rhetoric devices and figures of speech. The type of research is qualitative descriptive which applied content analysis method. The research data are words, phrases, clauses, or sentences that can be formulated as a locality style of Minangkabau. The data source of this research is anecdotal texts in CMK: BJR issued in January and February 2016 consisting of eight issues. The data analysis was conducted by: (1 classifying the locality style of Minangkabau found in a rhetorical assertion and figures of speech based on the theory, (2 analyzing the style according to the subcategory of rhetoric devices and figures of speech of Minangkabau locality style, (3 interpreting the trends of locality style of Minangkabau in texts CMK: BJR, and (4 concluding the study. The findings show that in the texts CMK: BJR there are: (1 the locality rhetoric devices which consist of: (a confirmation in the form of climax, redundancy, and hyperbole and (b disputes in the form of an antithesis; (2 the locality figures of speech that consist of (a a comparison in the form of metaphor and allusion, and (b satire in the form of sarcasm, cynicism and irony. Among the styles that were found, the dominant locality rhetoric device is affirmation in the form of hyperbole and the dominant figurative language style is satire in the form of sarcasm.

  18. El papa Urbano II y el origen de la Garcineida

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    González García, Alberto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to re-examine the most recent scholarly work on the eleventh-century Latin satire known as Garcineida, in order to determine its origin, authorship and credibility. The analysis of this work, as well as other primary and secondary sources, leads us to two interesting conclusions. First, we reject the theory of a German original, and we suggest the plausibility of a Spanish-Cluniac origin. In second place, the existence of facts that contradict the image of Urban II as a faultless reformer is outlined. They allow to verify that, despite its virulence, the aforesaid satire was based on reality.Este trabajo pretende revisar las más recientes investigaciones académicas sobre la sátira latina del siglo XI llamada Garcineida, a fin de determinar su origen, autoría y credibilidad. El análisis de esta obra, así como de otras fuentes primarias y secundarias, nos lleva a dos interesantes conclusiones. Primero, a rechazar la teoría de un origen alemán y apreciar lo plausible de un origen hispánico cluniacense. En segundo lugar, planteamos la existencia de hechos que contrarían la imagen de Urbano II como un reformador inmaculado y permiten constatar que, a pesar de su virulencia, la susodicha sátira se basaba en una realidad.

  19. El Grito de Irreverencia del Gil Blas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryluz Vallejo M.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available After the political rancor left by the XIX century country’s civil wars, especially by the One-Thousand-Days War, the “Reyista Press” was born. This press was President Rafael Reyes’s incense burner and an opposition instrument to the ‘Quinquenio regime’ characterized by a satiric, incendiary and polemic tone, which, at the same time, was the continuation of a rich tradition. Once the ‘Quinquenio regime’ was overthrown, three political forces gain momentum within the Liberal Press: The Republican Press–that supported the presidential nomination of journalist Carlos E. Restrepo–with Alfonso Villegas Restrepo, Eduardo and Enrique Santos Montejo, Enrique Olaya Herrera and the Cano family; the ‘Bloquista’ Press, lead by General Rafael Uribe Uribe; and the Opposite Press with Benjamín Palacio Uribe, founder of Gil Blas newspaper in 1910. Due to its investigative spirit, Gil Blas newspaper served as an inspiration for Colombian contemporary journalism of the Bicentennial. With this satirical poster, the saints of the Republican Press fell off their shelves in this so-called ‘Indigenous Athens.’

  20. Phoebus volentem proelia me loqui: The Apollo of Callimachus in Horace

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    Kristina Tomc

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The Augustan poets often modelled their recusationes on Callimachus’ portrayal of Apollo in theAetiaPrologue. The paper discusses parallel passages in Horace’s oeuvre, illustrating some typical characteristics of Horace’s poetry and of his attitude to his poetic models. After a brief introduction, the paper first touches on three poems by Horace where the role of Callimachus’ Apollo is taken over by another deity: the Muse in C. 1.6.10-12, Venus in C. 1.19.9-12, and adeus (presumably Cupid in Epod. 14.6-8. The three examples display similarities to, rather than identity with, the Callimachean situation: instead of supplying a direct quote, Horace merely reports the words of a ῾higher power’ which allegedly prevented him from writing what he wanted or what was expected of him. In the two Odes Horace thus refuses to compose an epic, while Epode 14 is not a typical recusatio: Horace’s polished iambics paradoxically profess his inability to compose iambic poetry, and his preference for erotic lyric poetry. The next section focuses on Satire 1.10.31-35, which portrays the Roman god Quirinus warning the young poet in a dream that writing Greek verse is pointless. An analysis of this complex programmatic satire reveals continual departures from, and approximations to, Callimachean poetic, as Horace interweaves several, at times clearly irreconcilable, traditions. Indeed, Callimachean poetic itself is not unequivocal or monolithic but contains many tensions.  The short fourth section discusses Horace’s prayer to Mercury in Satire 2.6.13-15. Although superficially lacking a ῾programmatic’ dimension, the satire in fact contains several allusions to Callimachus. It serves to show that Horace’s images function at several levels at once, and that his satires closely interweave ethics with aesthetics. The final and longest section focuses on Horace’s last poem, C. 4.15. In the first strophe, Horace is finally given

  1. Traiano Boccalini: la ragion di stato tra satira e sinceritas. Quale accettabilità per Machiavelli ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Ciccarelli

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Les Advis de Parnasse (Venise 1612-1613 de Traiano Boccalini est une œuvre satirique dans laquelle l’auteur critique avec un langage allégorique les racines machiavéliques de l’impérialisme de Filippo II soutenues par la papauté de la Contre-réforme. Estimateur d’Érasme et de l’irénisme catholique né pendant la Réforme protestante, Boccalini met en scène, dans l’utopique ville-état fondée sur le Mont Parnasse, un dialogue intense entre les différentes âmes qui composaient la République littéraire pour revendiquer la reconstitution de la politique sur des bases éthique. Bien que les Advis s’inspirent à la satire de Lucien de Samosate pour traiter le problème actuel, les Observations sur différentes œuvres de Cornélius Tacite naissaient comme un traité politique traditionnel où analyser la meilleure forme de gouvernement. Pour Boccalini la République de Venise était le modèle parfait d’État, capable de s’insérer dans la tradition de l’antimachiavellisme vénitien. Son attention vers la dimension éthique de la politique fait de lui un des plus grand critique des lettrés qui écrivaient sur la raison d’état. Les codes de conduite énoncés dans leur travail sont révélés par la satire boccalinienne comme étant la cause des pratiques hypocrites des souverains, la dominante corruption morale de la société moderne et l’aveuglement du peuple, incapable de saisir les principes sur lesquels le mal a été créé pour obéir au pouvoir politique.The ‘News-sheets of Parnassus’ (Venice 1612-1613 by Traiano Boccalini are a political satire in which the author criticizes in allegorical language the Machievellian origins of the Imperialism of Philip II supported by the Counter Reformation papacy. As an admirer of Erasmus and the Catholic irenics born of the Protestant Reformation, Boccalini stages, in a Utopian city state founded on Mount Parnassus, an intense dialogue between the various souls

  2. Quantifying uncertainties of climate signals related to the 11-year solar cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruschke, T.; Kunze, M.; Matthes, K. B.; Langematz, U.; Wahl, S.

    2017-12-01

    Although state-of-the-art reconstructions based on proxies and (semi-)empirical models converge in terms of total solar irradiance, they still significantly differ in terms of spectral solar irradiance (SSI) with respect to the mean spectral distribution of energy input and temporal variability. This study aims at quantifying uncertainties for the Earth's climate related to the 11-year solar cycle by forcing two chemistry-climate models (CCMs) - CESM1(WACCM) and EMAC - with five different SSI reconstructions (NRLSSI1, NRLSSI2, SATIRE-T, SATIRE-S, CMIP6-SSI) and the reference spectrum RSSV1-ATLAS3, derived from observations. We conduct a unique set of timeslice experiments. External forcings and boundary conditions are fixed and identical for all experiments, except for the solar forcing. The set of analyzed simulations consists of one solar minimum simulation, employing RSSV1-ATLAS3 and five solar maximum experiments. The latter are a result of adding the amplitude of solar cycle 22 according to the five reconstructions to RSSV1-ATLAS3. Our results show that the climate response to the 11y solar cycle is generally robust across CCMs and SSI forcings. However, analyzing the variance of the solar maximum ensemble by means of ANOVA-statistics reveals additional information on the uncertainties of the mean climate signals. The annual mean response agrees very well between the two CCMs for most parts of the lower and middle atmosphere. Only the upper mesosphere is subject to significant differences related to the choice of the model. However, the different SSI forcings lead to significant differences in ozone concentrations, shortwave heating rates, and temperature throughout large parts of the mesosphere and upper stratosphere. Regarding the seasonal evolution of the climate signals, our findings for short wave heating rates, and temperature are similar to the annual means with respect to the relative importance of the choice of the model or the SSI forcing for the

  3. Examination of W7-X target elements after high heat flux testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Missirlian, M.; Durocher, A.; Schlosser, J.; Greuner, H.; Schedler, B.

    2007-01-01

    Full text of publication follows: The target elements of Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) divertor are designed to sustain a stationary heat flux of 10 MW/m 2 and to remove a maximum power load up to 100 kW. The plasma-facing material is made of CFC NB31 flat tiles bonded to a CuCrZr copper alloy water-cooled heat sink. Before launching the serial fabrication, pre-series activities aimed at qualifying the design, the manufacturing route, the relevant non-destructive examination (NDE) methods, and at defining the acceptance criteria for the serial production. High heat flux (HHF) testing is the central activity of this qualification phase and represents a fundamental tool to predict 'critical' defects assembling. Within the framework of this qualification activity, the reception tests performed in the transient infrared thermography test bed SATIR at CEA-Cadarache and HHF testing carried out in the ion beam facility GLADIS at IPP-Garching, exhibited some tiles with thermal inhomogeneities, which initiated and developed during high heat flux testing. Hence, studies were launched in order to better understand this behaviour during cyclic heat loading. This post testing examination was mainly focused on the interface between CFC flat tiles and CuCrZr heat sink to improve if necessary the current design. HHF thermal cycling tests at ∼10 MW/m 2 for 10 s pulse duration each, allowed to assess the performances of target elements and showed some tiles with hot spots close to the edge (stable or progressing). Finally, after the HHF experimental campaign, a comprehensive analysis of some tested elements was carried out by means of infrared thermography inspection SATIR and metallographic examinations. Afterwards correlations between the non destructive SATIR inspection, HHF testing GLADIS and metallographic observation were investigated to assess damage detection, to analyse defect propagation, and to adjust the acceptance criteria valuable for the serial production. This paper will

  4. On birds, ascetics, and kings in Central Java R?m?yana Kakawin, 24.95–126 and 25

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Acri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of the paper I introduce stanzas 95-126 of Sarga 24 and the whole of Sarga 25 of the Old Javanese R?m?ya?a, which present the most difficult and least understood pieces of poetry in the whole of Old Javanese literature. The two sections, displaying a close relationship between each other on account of several shared lexical items and corresponding motifs, describe in allegorical terms animals, birds and plants in order to satirically represent ascetic and political characters of mid-9th century Central Java. Because of their idiosyncratic language and style, and because of their allegorical content which find no correspondences in the Bha??ik?vya or other Sanskrit versions of the R?m?ya?a, they have been for long regarded as a ‘corpus alienum’ in the poem. The thesis of interpolation was criticized by Hooykaas (1958a/b/c, who, however, did not rule out the possibility of their having been composed by a ‘second hand’. Having tried to distinguish the various textual layers that characterize those sections, I turn to analyse their contents along the lines set out in the masterful article by Aichele (1969 ‘Vergessene Metaphern als Kriterien der Datierung des altjavanischen R?m?ya?a’, discussing the allegories depicted there in comparison with the contemporary ?iwag?ha metrical inscription. By taking into account additional Old Javanese textual and visual documents, I suggest a fine-tuning for some of the identifications advanced by the German scholar. In particular, I argue that the character of Wibh??a?a (instead of Lak?ma?a, as argued by Aichele in the poem could allegorically represent King Rakai Kayuwa?i, and that the satirical descriptions of various kinds of water-birds of the heron family deceiving the freshwater fishes are to be taken as a critique directed to historical figures representing covert agents of the ?ailendra prince B?laputra disguised as ?aiva (and not Buddhist ascetics. My conclusion is that the

  5. [Fatal diseases and "imaginary" suffering. "Hypochondria" and "consumption" in the correspondence between Jean Paul and Johann Bernhard Hermann, with a perspective on Jean Paul's literature and aesthetics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Monika

    2007-01-01

    The German writerJean Paul (Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1763-1825) and his friendJohann Bernhard Hermann (1761-1790) became acquainted with the thoughts of late Enlightenment at the University of Leipzig. They particularly appreciated the anthropology of Ernst Platner, who taught philosophy and aesthetics as well as medicine. Their confidential correspondence contains reflections on their respective situation and well being. Both write about feeling ill and label their illness "hypochondria". In the course of the correspondence Jean Paul's understanding of hypochondria evolves from an illness of the entrails as he follows Hermann, who supports the modern concept of hypochondria as an illness of the nerves. Two important themes from this correspondence recur in Jean Paul's novels and tales: firstly, his way of expressing comfort is related to his aesthetics, and secondly, the satirical way of portraying at least certain aspects of illness as imaginary reappears in his first successful novel "The Invisible Lodge" (1793).

  6. Rzeczywistość nie istnieje…? Media i nowoczesne technologie w społeczeństwie przyszłości na przykładzie serialu "Black Mirror"

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    Grzegorz Wójcik

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Released in 2011, the British science-fiction television series Black Mirror, created by Charlie Brooker, has gained viewers’ recognition across the world (confirmed by winning Best TV Movie/Mini Series at the International Emmy Awards in 2012 and the announcement of the 3rd season. Using ‘black humour’ and satire, the series in a defeatist manner portrays dark side of media development and its influence on the future society. In the article I will focus on the phenomena brought up by Black Mirror creators – characters seduced by media, which instead of making their lives happier bring only pain and humiliation; the need for constant surveillance as invoked by more and more advanced technologies; pleasure coming from spying on others’ suffering or progressing simulation of reality. To illustrate these phenomena I will apply, among others, the notions of Guy Debord, Jean Baudrillard, Paul Virilio, and also Michel Foucault’s idea of the panopticon.

  7. To the Spanish Young People: Don Quixote Dreyfussard

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    Virginia Ramírez Martín

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1898, Spanish press take up part of its pages with a relevant international issue: the Dreyfus affair. The case was widely covered by Spanish newspapers, in special by Don Quijote, a Madrilenian satiric press, whose Director promoted a campaign in favour of Zola collecting signatures in order to the French litterateur was aware that Spain was close to him. This initiative is completed with a call to Spanish young people who is illustrated with a quixotic caricature. Cervantine character personifies the idea of justice getting to transmit during the Spanish crisis at the end of the nineteenth century the image of the nobleman forged by Spanish stereotypical, like a crusader fighting for a noble cause, thus turning Don Quixote into another dreyfussard.

  8. KATEGORI FATIS DALAM BAHASA MELAYU RIAU DIALEK KUOK

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    Hasnah Fauziah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe phatic categories of Riau Malay in the Kuok dialect, employing a descriptive method. The data were collected through interviews, note taking, and recording. The findings are as follows. First, the phatic forms consist of (a particles, (b words, (c phrases, (d phatic mixture, and (e phatic combination. Second, the phatic functions include (a breaking a conversation, (b proving, (c affirming, (d emphasizing, (e convincing, and (f initiating and ending a conversation. Third, the phatic meanings include (a emphasizing a request, (b softening a satire, (c emphasizing a refusal, (d stating an intensity of a condition, (e stating the quality of an action, and (f emphasizing a denial.

  9. Family album

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    Riccardo Donati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In an 1821 article dedicated to the great German satiric Jean Paul, Thomas de Quincey - the famous author of Confessions of an English opium-eater, a book very beloved by Baudelaire and Poe - asserted that "[...] into every act of the humorous mood there is an influx of the moral nature: rays direct or refracted, from the will and the affections, from the disposition and the temperament, enter into all humour; and thence it is, that humour is of a diffusive quality, pervading an entire course of thoughts". This is an observation that seems to me in line with the landscape traced by Giancarlo Alfano in L'umorismo letterario. Una lunga storia europea, where the humor writing is described as a result of a variety of factors.

  10. Democracy, war and peace: the bitter laughter of Aristophanes

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    Fernanda Yazbek Rivitti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to develop a comparative study between two comedies of Aristophanes, The Acharnians and The Knights, bringing to light the building of critical thinking of Aristophanes concerning Athenian democracy of his time. The analysis of the text focuses on the convergence of both as revealing contradictions in Athenian democratic practices in times of war. This article also examines the dichotomy public / private in The Acharnians and the relationship between the people and their rulers, in The Knights. The dialogue between the two texts is explored not only in the bitter satire of Aristophanes, but in the only solution that appears in both texts regarding a time of war and a political system in crisis: the consummation of peace. 

  11. Dell' art di mangiar bene, secondo orazio

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    Paolo Fedeli

    2016-09-01

    Horace, in his Satires and Epistles, gives ample space to everyday life’s characters and situations of first century Rome (a.C.. He integrates himself into an ancient tradition of gastronomy treaties in verse and documents the different typologies of daily roman meals: from frugal dishes (Sat. 2.2, to more refined (Sat. 2.4 and even trimalchionic banquets (Sat. 2, 8, togheter with culinary habits of the countryside opposed to those of the city. In this way, important varieties of different meals are described; especially the more copious -the cena- in a gradation from the simplest to the most complex. We are allowed then to know the horacian taste on this issue, consistent with his ideal of frugalitas and aurea mediocritas in others aspects of life. Keywords: Horacio; Sermons; culinaria ars; everyday life in Rome

  12. The "Protests against Charlie Hebdo" in Niger: A Background Analysis

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    Jannik Schritt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In many Muslim countries in West Africa and beyond, “protests against Charlie Hebdo” occurred when citizens went out on the streets following Friday prayers on 16 January 2015. However, only in Niger did these protests turn extremely violent. This report analyses the social, political and religious workings behind the protests in Niger. In doing so, it shows that the so-called “protests against Charlie Hebdo” are only superficially linked to the Muhammad cartoons by the French satirical magazine. Similarly violent protests have occurred in Niger – often in the town of Zinder – for quite different reasons and on different occasions in recent years. The report therefore argues against simplistic notions of religious fundamentalism and shows that the protests can be explained more appropriately in terms of politics and socio-economic exclusion.

  13. Rhetorical Charms: The Promise and Pitfalls of Humor and Ridicule as Strategies to Counter Extremist Narratives

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    H.L. Goodall

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article we provide a brief account of the uses of humor, in particular satire and ridicule, to counter extremist narratives and heroes.  We frame the appeals of humor as “rhetorical charms,” or stylistic seductions based on surprising uses of language and/or images designed to provoke laughter, disrupt ordinary arguments, and counter taken-for-granted truths, that contribute to new sources of influence to the globally wired world of terrorism.  We offer two recent examples of how the Internet in particular changed the narrative landscape in ways that offer potent evidence of uses of humor to remake extremist heroes into objects of derision.  We also caution those who would make use of humor as a strategic communication device to take into account the negative side effects and unexpected consequences that can accompany such uses. 

  14. "One can't shake off the women": images of sport and gender in Punch, 1901-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constanzo, Marilyn

    2002-01-01

    Examining the manner in which the popular press portrayed middle-class Edwardian women's activity in sport provides insight into the social liberation of English women. The popular middle-class British journal Punch included thousands of images of sportswomen. Despite the misogynistic satirizing of inept women, Punch's cartoons and articles depict distinct changes in women's behavior and social expectations that are linked to their increasing involvement in sport. By engaging in sport, women unconsciously challenged and permanently altered the pervasive middle-class Victorian ideology. The contents of Punch suggests that middle-class women's participation in sport, though perhaps begun in a conservative manner, completely altered and expanded their social role and changed the traditional image of womanhood.

  15. Brumoy et l’interprétation satirique d’Aristophane

    OpenAIRE

    Piana, Romain

    2012-01-01

    Les « extraits » du Théâtre des Grecs consacrés à Aristophane, qui occupent le troisième tome de l’édition de 1730, ont eu une influence importante dans l’évolution de la réception de l’auteur comique athénien. Jusque-là lue à travers le prisme générique de la satire personnelle, dont l’attaque contre Socrate dans Les Nuées constitue l’emblème décrié, l’œuvre aristophanienne échappe difficilement, au xviie et au xviiie siècle, à la réprobation qui s’attache à la condamnation des libelles diff...

  16. Fictional and real-world revolutionary heroes in the history of psychiatric politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Martina

    2012-12-01

    This article analyzes, firstly, how the representation of the psychiatric institution in Ken Kesey's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest pioneered criticism regarding asylum politics during the 1950s and, secondly, how the reactions of R.D. Laing, an influential psychiatrist-critic of the time, impacted changes of asylum politics, as seen through his autobiographical considerations in Wisdom, Madness and Folly that were published in 1985. The key aim of this work is to compare the ability of a satirizing, fictional piece of writing and a medically focused, nonfictional work of criticism to influence a movement that extended during the 1960s and the 1970s, indeed shaping health care policies in the 1980s and the 1990s as well as our present-day view on institutional management.

  17. "The History of Half the Sex": Fashionable Disease, Capitalism, and Gender in the Long Eighteenth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawlor, Clark

    This essay examines the way in which disease was framed and narrated as fashionable in the long eighteenth century, and argues that the intensifying focus on women's fashionable disorders in the period grew in tandem with the rise of an unstable capitalism in its manifold forms. Using the satirical articles written by Henry Southern in the London Magazine-"On Fashions" (August 1825), "On Fashions in Physic" (October 1825), and "On Dilettante Physic" (January 1826)-and the literature that led to them, I analyze the role that women were now taking in the newly capitalized world of the early nineteenth century. This world was characterized by a burgeoning medical market, a periodical and print market which could adequately reflect and promote fashionable diseases and the medical market that spawned them, and the nexus of actors in the whole drama of the production, maintenance, and dissolution of fashionable diseases.

  18. „Rejs" jako gatunek

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    Marek Hendrykowski

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Marek Piwowski's film „Rejs" (The Cruise made in 1969 and the premiere of which was on 10 October 1970 at „Bajka" cinema in Warsaw, rightly (deserves to be one of the most popular Polish films of all time. This study attempts to offer a more complete characterisation of the feature of the genre of this unusual work of film art. It is commonly thought that „Rejs" is a comedy. Against the background of the model of comedy of the 60s of the 20th century, however, it is a comedy of a very special kind. The author does not doubt the comedic character of Piwowski's film, but points to different possible from those used until now ways of interpreting this film (a holiday comedy, anti-production film, social satire, pamphlet, psychodrama, sociodrama, starting from the assumption that the genre instruction written into this work contains a much richer repertoire of possible interpretations.

  19. Remediating Jane Austen through the Gothic: “Pride and Prejudice and Zombies”

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    Serena Baiesi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of my article will be that of discussing a recent transformation of the novel by the American writer Seth Grahame-Smith: his gothic adaptation Pride and Prejudice and Zombies (2009. This version is not just inspired by the Romantic novelist, but it keeps up a dialogue and a constant reference to her, captivating the readers into a constant confrontation between past and present, tradition and innovation, conventions and subversion, seriousness and satire. This new product is an interesting example of literary remediation of the original Pride and Prejudice, created to engage the contemporary audience to copy and interact with a challenging society, which, far from being stable and rational, is scary and full of mystery.

  20. Spanish Darwinian iconography: Darwin and evolutionism portrayed in Spanish press cartoons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez, Martí; Mateu, Anna

    2013-11-01

    The theory of evolution has played a major role in the press since it was put forward by Charles Darwin in 1859. Its key role in biology and human philosophy is reflected by its presence in press cartoons, sections where the image of social reality is depicted in a more direct and satirical light. Through cartoons, artists have used their ingenuity or wit to portray one of the most controversial scientific figures of the past two centuries. This study examines the views portrayed by Spanish cartoonists about Charles Darwin and evolutionary theory in 2009, the bicentenary of the naturalist's birth and the celebration of 150 years since the publication of On the Origin of Species. These cartoons show how the controversy between Darwinism and religion remain latent in the heart of Spanish society, and how the figure of Darwin has become one of the main icons of science.

  1. El tema de la nobleza en las Cartas Marruecas de José Cadalso

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    Ana Tobío Sala

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Cartas Marruecas by Cadalso, one of the most representative writers of the Spanish Enlightenment, is the author’s best known and most highly appreciated work, being famous for focussing on Spanish XVIII epistolary prose. Partially influenced by reading Lettres persanes by Montesquieu and The Citizen of the World by Goldsmith, the work introduces three correspondents (one Spaniard and two Moroccans who exchange letters dealing with past and present Spanish customs, with the aim of reaching an objective view of the situation. The letters, actually essays on many different subjects, also address current issues for the period. It is worthy of note that Cadalso devoted particular attention to the moral decline and financial difficulties of the Spanish aristocracy as the crucial factor in the deterioration of the country. Thus the 18th century Spanish aristocracy was to be one of the author’s satirical targets and constantly referred to in many of the letters.

  2. “She writes like a Woman”: Paratextual Marketing in Delarivier Manley’s Early Career

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    Kate Ozment

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Delarivier Manley has long been discussed as a sensational and successful Tory political satirist of the early eighteenth century. In the late seventeenth century, however, she associated with Whigs, experimented with genres, and tested different techniques for marketing her texts. Mimicking the methods of celebrity actresses, Manley used paratextual addresses to engage public interest in a carefully curated identity, creating a commodity in her persona that she would employ throughout her career. This paper traces her developing persona in her first three publications: Letters Writen by Mrs. Manley, The Lost Lover, and The Royal Mischief. Although these texts are not explicitly political satire, they nevertheless explicate the preliminary and halting machinations of an astute businesswoman and the marketing tactics Manley would employ throughout her career. The result is a more complete and nuanced picture of Manley’s commercial authorship.

  3. The Victorian Philanthropic Quixote: Donna Quixote, by Justin McCarthy

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    Pedro Javier Pardo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper undertakes the analysis of a little known Victorian quixotic novel, Donna Quixote, by Justin McCarthy. In so doing, it places the latter, in the first place, within the conception of quixotism characteristic of the Victorian age and, in the second place, within the previous tradition of female quixotes, particularly as a response to George Eliot’s Middlemarch. Then, the text studies the novel’s originality within the English quixotic tradition, which lies in the way it relates quixotism to both philanthropy and feminism, not just by means of the heroine but also of some quixotic secondary figures, and argues the author’s conservative position in the debate on women’s rights known as the woman question. Finally, the paper illustrates such a position and its ideological context by presenting another “Donna Quixote,” in this case a satiric cartoon on the so-called new woman.

  4. Three Plays by Austin Clarke and the Commedia Tradition

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    Christopher Murray

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Commedia dell’arte influenced theatrical production styles in many European countries, Ireland being no exception, assimilating the influence through pantomime during colonial times. The drama of Austin Clarke (1896-1974 is usually examined in the context of Yeats’s plays and modern poetic drama. But among his plays are three little-known experimental pieces, The Kiss, The Second Kiss and The Third Kiss, which make use of four characters from the wider commedia tradition, Harlequin, Columbine, Pierrot and Pierrette and also self-consciously exploit the possibilities of romance, mischief and the carnivalesque for Clarke’s own poetic purposes. The aim of this essay is to show how Clarke’s use for his Lyric Theatre of themes and techniques derived from commedia dell’arte represents both a tribute to a specific international form and a critique in satirical terms of hypocrisies underlying Irish bourgeois society in the 1940s and after.

  5. The Language of Revolution and the Power of Storytelling in The Pregnant Widow

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    Alaa Alghamdi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Martin Amis uses the language of revolution to describe the newly altered social circumstances at the height of the sexual revolution in his semi-autobiographical novel The Pregnant Widow. The concept of a ‘language of revolution’ as well as second- and third-wave feminist scholarship is applied to a textual analysis of the novel. Amis’s brand of satire creates a sense of displacement and challenges existing perceptions about gender, culture and sexuality, exposing them as constructed and changeable norms. Moreover, it becomes clear that the author is skeptical about the benefits of the sexual revolution for either gender, and that he views its liberating aspects as unfulfilled, particularly for women. Given that Amis names one of his characters Scheherazade, evoking the legendary heroine of The Arabian Nights, the importance of storytelling in the novel is also examined and found to be a potentially redeeming force.

  6. El nuevo gobierno de Sancho by Leonardo Castellani, in the light of Cervantine model

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    María Mercedes Rodríguez Temperley

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Almost since its publication, Don Quixote had an attractive magnetism in writers from different languages and different times, who imitated, continued and rewroted the Cervantes’s best literary work. Argentine is possibly the american country that most has contributed to increased this literary heritage. Contemporary to the famous «Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote» published by Jorge Luis Borges in 1939 and 1941 (perhaps the paradigmatic rewriting of a Cervantine text in the argentine literature will rise an original and unclasificable text: a political satire of the argentine reality of the River Plate, looking for an argentine identity. This work is El nuevo gobierno de Sancho, published by the Jesuit Leonardo Castellani in 1942. The purpose of this article is to do a comparative study with Don Quixote.

  7. Visual analysis and Schmidt rebound hammer test of Taj-ul-Masajid

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    A. Hussain

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Taj-ul-Masajid, literally, the crown among mosques is an embodiment of genius structural engineering located in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. A unique combination of the Mughal Architecture in complete stone masonry and modern day RCC work, it is a liaison between the past and the present of structural engineering. A wonder in its own right, the structure is often neglected by technicians and conservationalists alike, a satire on their ingenuity. Now, in a severely dilapidated condition, the structure is in pressing need of structural rehabilitation. The authors intend to perform in-situ Non-Destructive Testing & Evaluation (NDT&E of this structure and thereby suggest steps to better its present condition. As a first step, they’ve performed the visual analysis and Schmidt Rebound Hammer Test on the concrete portion of the structure which has been presented herein. The authors have also suggested a new approach for the verification of results obtained.

  8. George Orwell and 1984: a personal view

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    ALFREDO SANDOVAL GÓMEZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell´s 1984 is considered a great negative utopia, in the sense it depicts the nightmare of what life might become in an oligarchic collectivism pursued to its logical conclusion. Under a social setup which is nothing but totalitarian barbarism, eternal warfare is the price one pays for an elusive peace. The Party with capital P keeps a total control over all of man´s actions as well as thoughts . The novel is a great satire and it attempts to diagnose man´s alienation in all its aspects, but with special emphasis on the social organization recommended by Marx and practiced by Stalin.  

  9. Soundscapes. Le «Campane de’ Villaggi»

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    Emilio MANZOTTI

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This study, placed in the double framework of the so called ‘soundscapes’ and the secular satirical polemic ‘against bells’ in Italian literature, attempts to examine thoroughly a poem once renowned – and systematically memorized in the schools – of a Ninetieth Century minor Italian poet, Giacomo Zanella (1820-1888: Le campane de’ villaggi “The Villages Bells”. The analysis highlights the sophisticated syntactic and semantic construction of the poem, as well as its lexical and formulaic debts to former authors and lyrics (especially Parini, and fully justifies the high consideration of the poem (and of its author in the works of C.E. Gadda, and the recurrent quotations and complex elaborations of some central lines.

  10. “Todo culo caga Mierda pura”. La reivindicación de los excrementos en la Canción cantable de Juan Manuel García Tejada

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    Guillermo Molina Morales

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The civilizing process entails domestication of manners, especially those associated with excrements, and the exclusion of “inappropriate” language. When the enlightened elite are accomplishing these aims, Canción cantable, by García Tejada, rises up. Based on three theorists (Bakhtin, Beltrán and Werner, we propose to study the two aspects of laughter in this literary work. On the one hand, the critical face, that parodies and demystifies the serious discourses and its affected language. On the other hand, the regenerative visage, that recreates popular culture elements to struggle for a free and egalitarian world. In the conclusion, we connect the poem with the Menippean satire tradition, which emphasizes the importance and originality of this forgotten poet.

  11. Infrared thermography inspection methods applied to the target elements of W7-X divertor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missirlian, M. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA/Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France)], E-mail: marc.missirlian@cea.fr; Traxler, H. [PLANSEE SE, Technology Center, A-6600 Reutte (Austria); Boscary, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Durocher, A.; Escourbiac, F.; Schlosser, J. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA/Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Schedler, B.; Schuler, P. [PLANSEE SE, Technology Center, A-6600 Reutte (Austria)

    2007-10-15

    The non-destructive examination (NDE) method is one of the key issues in developing highly loaded plasma-facing components (PFCs) for a next generation fusion devices such as W7-X and ITER. The most critical step is certainly the fabrication and the examination of the bond between the armour and the heat sink. Two inspection systems based on the infrared thermography methods, namely, the transient thermography (SATIR-CEA) and the pulsed thermography (ARGUS-PLANSEE), are being developed and have been applied to the pre-series of target elements of the W7-X divertor. Results obtained from qualification experiences performed on target elements with artificial calibrated defects allowed to demonstrate the capability of the two techniques and raised the efficiency of inspection to a level which is appropriate for industrial application.

  12. Infrared thermography inspection methods applied to the target elements of W7-X divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Missirlian, M.; Traxler, H.; Boscary, J.; Durocher, A.; Escourbiac, F.; Schlosser, J.; Schedler, B.; Schuler, P.

    2007-01-01

    The non-destructive examination (NDE) method is one of the key issues in developing highly loaded plasma-facing components (PFCs) for a next generation fusion devices such as W7-X and ITER. The most critical step is certainly the fabrication and the examination of the bond between the armour and the heat sink. Two inspection systems based on the infrared thermography methods, namely, the transient thermography (SATIR-CEA) and the pulsed thermography (ARGUS-PLANSEE), are being developed and have been applied to the pre-series of target elements of the W7-X divertor. Results obtained from qualification experiences performed on target elements with artificial calibrated defects allowed to demonstrate the capability of the two techniques and raised the efficiency of inspection to a level which is appropriate for industrial application

  13. Reading Images of Christ: Masculinity and Homosexuality as Sites of Struggle in Popular Religious Images of Jesus

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    Judith Samson

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The attitude towards homosexuality has become one of the key markers of political identity. In Europe as well as in Northern America it has been used by different groups to promote their views. Especially between fundamentalist Christians and politically as well as religiously liberal people it has become a significant topic of contestation. This article argues that this struggle not only takes place on a textual, but also on a visual discursive level, in which the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is central. An analysis of the representation of Jesus’ masculinity in this image shows that different groups, Polish fundamentalists at a pilgrimage site and liberal American producers of a satiric website, use different versions of the same image to either counter or support public acceptance of homosexuality.

  14. Parody: Affective Registers, Amateur Aesthetics and Intellectual Property

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    Esther Milne

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available If contemporary media platforms transform and conflate the relations between professional and amateur creative workers, what might we say about the specificity of their vernacular? This article argues that parody is a key site for the articulation of amateur labour enabled by new patterns of networked production and consumption. Despite its utopian promise of free speech, however, the parodic form is tempered by economic and legal exigencies. Therefore, the essay particularly investigates legislative and policy frameworks that constrain parody discourse. Amendments in 2006 to the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth, for example, introduced parody and satire defences allowing greater scope for social critique. Yet recent US legislation preventing online impersonation (such as mock twitter accounts raises crucial questions about the public domain.

  15. Flatland an edition with notes and commentary

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, Edwin A; Banchoff, Thomas F

    2010-01-01

    Flatland, Edwin Abbott Abbott's story of a two-dimensional universe, as told by one of its inhabitants who is introduced to the mysteries of three-dimensional space, has enjoyed an enduring popularity from the time of its publication in 1884. This fully annotated edition enables the modern-day reader to understand and appreciate the many "dimensions" of this classic satire. Mathematical notes and illustrations enhance the usefulness of Flatland as an elementary introduction to higher-dimensional geometry. Historical notes show connections to late-Victorian England and to classical Greece. Citations from Abbott's other writings as well as the works of Plato and Aristotle serve to interpret the text. Commentary on language and literary style includes numerous definitions of obscure words. An appendix gives a comprehensive account of the life and work of Flatland's remarkable author.

  16. Post What? The Liminality of Multi-Racial Identity

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    Danielle Fuentes Morgan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article, “Post What? The Liminality of Multi-Racial Identity,” argues that the successes and failures of 21st-century satire reveal the myth of post-raciality while simultaneously dismissing racial essentialism. I focus on three critical moments: the commercial success of Mat Johnson’s Loving Day, a text and forthcoming television show that examines the shifting self-identities of mixed-race individuals; the inability of a potential love interest on the television series, Louie, to accept a black woman as the ex-wife of the titular protagonist’s phenotypically white daughters; and Barack Obama’s self-designation as “black” on the census shortly after his election. I argue that the widespread reach of these instances, coupled with audience engagement and response, underscores the ways that the public realm frames a contemporary understanding of race as both meaningful and absurd.

  17. Geneva University: Exploring Flatland with cold atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Lundi 12 mars 2012 17h00 - Ecole de Physique, Auditoire Stueckelberg « Exploring Flatland with cold atoms » Prof. Jean Dalibard Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, CNRS, Physics Department of Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris In his world-famous novel "Flatland" published in 1884, the English writer Edwin Abbott imagined a social life in a two-dimensional world. With a very original use of geometrical notions, E. Abbott produced a unique satire of his own society. Long after Abbott's visionary allegory, Microscopic Physics has provided a practical path for the exploration of low-dimensional worlds. With the realization of quantum wells for example, it has been possible to produce two-dimensional gases of electrons. The prope...

  18. Fictionalized Representation of Space in Amma Darko’s Beyond The Horizon

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    Lèfara Silue

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study permits to understand that the living place of Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon is an unstable and fragmented universe. The protagonists Akobi and Mara freely roam in three places in quest of happiness. The representation of the German urban area reveals that Europe is not the “Eldorado” where gold and money flow in abundance. Beyond the portrayal of Akobi, Darko satirizes and denounces the bestiality of African immigrants in Germany. These African immigrants ask their wives to join them in Europe where they are used as sex-workers. In the text, the urban area and the rural living place are two contradictory and complementary universes. Germany is then seen as a symbol of the world of immorality whereas Naka is depicted as a symbol of African solidarity.

  19. ‘NONSENCE IS REBELLION’: JOHN TAYLOR’S NONSENCE UPON SENCE, OR SENCE, UPON NONSENCE (1651–1654 AND THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR

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    Emily Cock

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the political content of John Taylor’s Nonsence upon Sence, or Sence Upon Nonsence: Chuse you either, or neither (1651–1654, challenging the customary dismissal of this poem as light-hearted nonsense verse. Taylor was a staunch Royalist who had openly criticised the divisions of the English Civil War, and the proliferation of religious separatists; I argue that Nonsence continues this project under a mask of playful ambiguity. The literary disorder created in this text, which Taylor calls ‘nonsence’, is made to mirror the social, religious and political fragmentation of post-war London, as sentences and words are broken down and rearranged in unfamiliar and disturbing ways. The paper serves not only as a stylistic assessment of Taylor’s satire as a reflection of the political and social instability of the time, but to historicise his engagement with nonsense and place within that literary tradition.

  20. Primitive entertainment prank calls in the work of counseling psychologist on Children helpline

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    I.A. Geronimus

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We explore the challenges faced by counseling psychologist when working at the Children's Helpline in cases of prank calls. The category of prank calls include such calls, when the caller asks the psychologist to discuss the imaginary situation, or do not formulate a query at all. On the basis of empirical data, we revealed the main varieties of such calls: call jokes, fantasy calls, intrusive calls, insulting calls, prank calls, calls of a sexual nature, dating calls. We explore the possible motivations of children and adolescents, entertaining by phone calls: experimentation with new social roles, expression of negative emotions, cognitive motivation, etc. We show the principles and strategies of counselors of Children's helpline working with this type of calls: they are based on cultural-historical psychology ideas and V. Satir communicative styles model.

  1. Poétique de l’invective dans les Poèmes aristophanesques de Laurent Tailhade

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    Laurent Robert

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Parmi l’abondant corpus traité par Marc Angenot dans La Parole pamphlétaire, les ouvrages de Laurent Tailhade Au Pays du mufle et À travers les Grouins [sic] constituent les seuls recueils poétiques. L’essayiste y voit une illustration du genre de la satire poétique, revivifié dès la fin du xviiie siècle avec les Iambes d’André Chénier, puis au xixe notamment par Auguste Barbier et Victor Hugo. Tailhade pourrait ainsi, superficiellement, être considéré comme le poète satiriste de la Troisième...

  2. Contribution of Jonson's younger contemporaries to development of the English renaissance comedy

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    Jovanović Slobodan D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The starting point of this article lies in the fact that among the later post-Shakespearean dramatists there are no pure comediographers. Like Shakespeare himself, they wrote all kinds of drama, following not so much their inclinations as the changing fashions and the taste of the theatre-going public. This means that in the case of Shakespeare’s successors, under Charles I (1625-1642, the word is of authors whose main work lay in other fields. The paper intends to show that although still plentiful in the first two decades of the seventeenth century, the comedy was declining in quality. Its satire grew more superficial, limited to transitory follies of humours - many were imitating Ben Jonson in this. Intrigue and entertainment were growing more important than character or criticism of life. To be singled out deserve authors of the few good comedies produced in Jonson’s times, with the review of their general characteristics.

  3. A philosophical interpretation of the significance of oral forms in I. Mabasa’s novel Mapenzi (1999

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    D.E. Mutasa

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The article critically analyses the use of Shona oral art forms in I. Mabasa’s novel “Mapenzi” (“Mad people”/“Foolish people”. It departs from the realisation that the writer identifies with Shona people’s oral experiences in the form of songs, “bembera” (satiric poetry and folktales among others. These oral art forms provide the means by which the writer overcomes both selfcensorship and real or imagined state censorship. The article advances the argument that Mabasa uses the Shona people’s oral art forms in a manner that is ideologically and pedagogically empowering. This is consistent with the value thrust of Shona people’s epistemological assumptions. The article comes to the conclusion that Mabasa’s vision in the novel “Mapenzi” maintains the line between tradition and continuity.

  4. Isabella Cosse, Mafalda: historia social y pol

    OpenAIRE

    Langue, Frédérique

    2017-01-01

    Le dessin de presse, la caricature et la bande dessinée se situent fréquemment au confluent de plusieurs genres : expression graphique, humour (tira de humor), satire (sociale), voire dénonciation politique. Il est toutefois peu fréquent d’en dépasser les frontières nationales avant l’avènement des nouvelles technologies de l’information et l’âge d’or des réseaux sociaux. Publiés pour la première fois en 1964 dans la revue Primera Plana, les dessins de Quino – pseudonyme de Joaquín Salvador L...

  5. Moe and Internet Memes: The Resistance and Accommodation of Japanese Popular Culture in China

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    Asako P. Saito

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The cultural exports of Japanese anime and manga have faced both praise and scorn in the Chinese market. Although the Chinese state generally regards these cultural artefacts as a negative influence, the adoption of visual techniques and concepts associated with Japanese popular culture has become common in China, particularly on the internet. This article seeks to understand the implications of the ‘glocalisation’ of Japanese anime and manga in China. It discusses how Japanese popular culture is perceived by the Chinese Communist Party and by the general public, and how the Chinese state has invested in its own domestic comics and animation industries in an attempt to curb the cultural flow from Japan. Through examining a satirical Chinese virtual character who is heavily influenced by Japanese graphic techniques and concepts, this article demonstrates that governments are not the final arbiters in matters of cultural influence and illuminates the complex nature of transnational cultural flows between China and Japan.

  6. Materializing Mourning: Dickens, Funerals, and Epitaphs

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    Catherine Waters

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dickens was fascinated with the material culture of the nineteenth century — with things, and the way in which they mediate feelings, relationships, and identities. While satirized as ‘Mr Popular Sentiment’ for some of his deathbed scenes, it is the material culture of mourning that most persistently engages his imagination. Alongside precious objects that attempt to bind the living and the dead in his fiction, we find other forms of commemoration which raise questions about the authenticity of the sentiments memorial objects are meant to express, questions that seem to have a particular urgency in the context of a rapidly developing commodity culture. This essay investigates some of the ways in which Dickens’s ambivalent attitude towards the material culture of mourning emerges in his writing.

  7. L’IMAGE DU VILAIN DANS LE ROMAN DE RENART

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    Yao Lambert Konan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Renardian’s storytellers suggest to countryside men some images all deformed by their ideology of class. Thus, the rural constitute inside the tales an undistinguished race, considered as inferior. From a narrative and sociological point of view, this study focus on peasant has permits the best understanding of elements which enter in the representation of this character. Real or unreal elements, medieval ideology of the satire of the rustics characters, a reflect of the reality of the epoch, narratives constrained, enlarging necessities or droll exaggeration, hided or real intentions, all intermingle, merge, all enter in play of mutual interactions. However, in this tendency live on negative image, conventional and permanent of countryman which reveals of personal hatred expression of storytellers coming from the generation of aristocracy.

  8. Erasmus Darwin's Deistic Dissent and Didactic Epic Poetry: Promoting Science Education to a Mixed Audience Under the Banner of Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Kirsten Anne

    Erasmus Darwin's task as a Deistic Dissenter poet who wished to promote science education to a mixed audience was complex. There was mainstream concern over what Deists and Dissenters actually believed about God, their involvement in science, and, especially, how their published works, whatever the subject, might affect public morality and politics. I argue that Darwin's poetry is primarily in the genre of Lucretian didactic epic but that it also involves elements of other written traditions (literary and non-literary). I focus on English didactic poetry, the theological written traditions of Dissent and Deism, and a particular tradition of erotic satire. The genre of Lucretian didactic epic and the tradition of English didactic poetry are non-identical. In Darwin's Lucretian didactic epic, resemblances to such poems as Pope's Essay on Man challenge ideas about what kind of narrative a didactic poem in the English language can deliver. Techniques from the theological written traditions of Dissent and Deism reflect Darwin's affiliations, signal that science education fits within a larger debate about intellectual freedom, and promote tolerance for differences of opinion about nature. Mimicry of a particular tradition of erotic satire helps to downplay the address to a mixed audience while satirising some common misconceptions about poetry, botany, and women in the period. Darwin's poetry challenges ideas about what people from his community of belief meant to communicate or transmit by writing for the general public, what the general public was entitled to learn, and what poetry was able to teach. Perhaps Darwin's biggest modification of Lucretian didactic epic was that he did not tell his readers exactly what to think, but how.

  9. Bashar b. Burd\\'s Atheism: Reality or Politics?

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    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Bashar b. Burd's Atheism: Reality or Politics?    Seyyed Mohammad Javad Moosavi Bafrooi *    Abstract  Many historical events demand more reflection. One of such cases is Bashshar b. Burd about whom there are different opinions. Some people believe that he was killed because of the accusation of being atheist. However, because of the following reasons, it seems that such a view could be far from reality: 1. He was one of poets that had satire style, so, the caliphs and other government members hated him because he satirized them too much 2. his poems seemingly show that he was monotheist but there are some poems by him which suggest otherwise 3. the punishment for atheism was execution but he died as a result of slash (his poses another question as to his death 4. there are some poems by him asking forgiveness from Allah for his past sins. Even if according to some opinions he was a sinner, according to Islamic education, a penitent has no sin and 5. the confessions made by the Abbasid caliph regarding his regret about killing the poet is another indication that Bashshar b. Burd was not killed because he was an infidel. Rather, it could be argued that he lost his life because of the hatred of the government members who were criticized by him.    Key words: Bashshar b. Burd, atheism, politics     * Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, University of SemnanE-mail: Mohamad-smm@yahoo.com

  10. El lugar de la sátira en la poética: los tratados españoles del siglo XIX

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    González Alcázar, Felipe

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the satirical genre and its connections with Poetics in the Spanish Poetry and Rhetoric precept treatises of the nineteenth century. Throughout that century, literary theory was subject to major changes, such as the success of Hegel’s postulates on literary genres. Satire faces these changes and its own evolution: it was first identified with the Roman satura and afterwards through its various forms, it became a mixed or transitional genre. Its fragile nature seems to confront directly the normative perpetuity of treatises that, in spite of their rupture with romanticism, may be considered inheritors of the classicist principles.Se propone en este artículo investigar el género satírico y sus relaciones con la Poética a través de los tratados poético-retóricos de preceptiva españoles del siglo XIX. A lo largo de toda esa centuria la teoría literaria estuvo sujeta a grandes transformaciones, entre ellas, el triunfo de los principios hegelianos acerca de los géneros literarios. La sátira se enfrenta a esas mismas transformaciones y a su propia evolución: primero, identificada con la satura romana, y luego, a través de sus numerosas formas, convertida en un género mixto o de transición. Su lábil naturaleza parece enfrentarse directamente con la perennidad normativa de los tratados que, a pesar de la ruptura romántica, pueden considerarse herederos de los principios clasicistas.

  11. Subverting masculinity, misogyny, and reproductive technology in SEX PISTOLS

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    Jessica Bauwens-Sugimoto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Superficial readings of works in the yaoi (also called ‘boys love’ genre outside of Japan often condemn or dismiss the genre as (more misogynist, (more homophobic, and occasionally (more racist (than works in a similar ‘Western’ genre called slash. The yaoi genre is seen as ideologically inferior to its ‘Western’ counterpart, and the root or cause of this inferiority is often ascribed to its creators living in and being shaped by what is seen as a (relatively more sexually oppressive society, contemporary Japan. In this paper I suggest that superficial and antagonistic readings of the fairly small amount of translated works may be missing the subversive and satirical elements inherent in the genre.

    These elements are very visible in SEX PISTOLS, (LOVE PISTOLS in English translation because of intellectual property rights issues with a band by the same name a manga in the yaoi genre written and drawn by Kotobuki Tarako and published as six consecutive volumes between 2004 and 2010. The work is well known both to Japanese and foreign fans of yaoi. Rich with subplots, Kotobuki puts unusual spins on tired old tropes like how (female attractiveness depends on fertility, stalking is true love, and women will trick men into getting them pregnant to trap them. The phenomenon of pregnancy itself is drawn as parasitic and alien to the body, and characters are literally conceived as animals. I will examine how within the pictotext of SEX PISTOLS the oppressive -isms mentioned above are explored, satirized, subverted, but also, and necessarily, reproduced.

  12. La complessità del diverso nella piattezza di Flatland

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    Cristina Carluccio

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This paper proposes an analysis of Edwin Abbott Abbott’s Flatland: a Romance of Many Dimensions (1884. In particular, it focuses on the first section of the novel, This World, which is interpreted as a satire of the Victorian society. In fact, the fictional world of Flatland appears to have been built exactly upon the middle class ideological standpoint. This is ironically translated into a series of strategies – both at a territorial and at a relational level – through which this group tries to maintain its hegemonic social position and, at the same time, to distance all those elements that may deviate from its image of respectability. This is investigated with special regard to the characters of the Irregular and of the isosceles triangle, towards which the middle class shows an attitude of closure. Such behaviour is nothing else but the satirical depiction of its ambiguous relationship with Otherness.Sommario – Questo saggio propone un’analisi di Flatland: a Romance of Many Dimensions (1884 di Edwin Abbott Abbott. Nello specifico, esso si sofferma sulla prima sezione del romanzo, This World, interpretata quale satira della società vittoriana. Difatti, il mondo fantastico di Flatland sembra essere stato costruito proprio sulla base dell’ideologia della middle class, che è ironicamente tradotta in una serie di strategie – su un piano sia territoriale sia relazionale – tramite le quali questo gruppo tenta di mantenere l’egemonia della sua posizione sociale e, al contempo, di allontanare tutti quegli elementi che potrebbero deviare dalla sua immagine di rispettabilità. Ciò è esaminato con particolare riferimento ai personaggi dell’Irregolare e del triangolo isoscele, verso i quali la middle class mostra un atteggiamento di chiusura. Tale comportamento non è altro che la satirica raffigurazione del suo ambiguo rapporto con l’Alterità.

  13. In Praise of Folly: A cursory review and appreciation five centuries later

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    Raymond Potgieter

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Desiderius Erasmus was a humanist reformer concerned with reforming the civil and ecclesiastical structures of his society. In reformed circles, much attention is paid to his role in the Lutheran controversy. Despite this, his powerful influence continues to this day. Erasmus’ particular fool’s literature, Moriae Encomium (1509, revealed his humanist concerns for civil and ecclesial society as a whole. He employed folly as a rhetorical instrument in satirical manner, evoking readers’ amusement from numerous charges against the perceived multilayered social reality of the day. Five hundred years later the person of Folly may still perform this same task in Christian society. That was Erasmus’ point – the church is not to be seen as an island, it shares in the structures of society and is therefore still subject to its share of critical comments. ‘Lof der Zotheid’: ‘n oorsig en evaluering vyf eeue later. Desiderius Erasmus was ’n humanis wat gepoog het om hom te beywer vir die hervorming van die burgerlike en kerklike strukture van sy tyd. In gereformeerde kringe word sy rol in die Lutherse twisgeskil beklemtoon. Sy verreikende invloed word steeds vandag gevoel. Erasmus se gekke-literatuur, Moriae Encomium (1509, het sy besorgdheid rakende die burgerlike en ekklesiastiese samelewing vanuit ’n humanistiese standpunt openbaar. Hy gebruik dwaasheid as retoriek en met behulp van satire vermaak hy die leser terwyl hy die veelvuldige lae van die sosiale realiteit van die dag ontbloot. Die personifikasie van die ‘gek’ of ‘dwaas’ is 500 jaar later steeds relevant vir hierdie rol in die Christelike samelewing. Erasmus was van mening dat die kerk nie as ’neiland beskou moet word nie. Dit maak deel uit van die samelewingstrukture en is daarom steeds aan kritiek onderworpe.

  14. The Draughtsman’s Contacts: Robert Seymour and the Humorous Periodical Press in the 1830s

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    Brian Maidment

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Robert Seymour was celebrated enough in his day to become one of very few late Regency and early Victorian comic and satirical draughtsmen sufficiently visible to be traced through the magazines of the 1830s. His periodical contributions are, therefore, of considerable significance in trying to establish the patterns of work and maps of interconnected activity that were necessary to sustain the career of a jobbing draughtsman at this time. After contributing to Bell’s Life in London in the late 1820s, Seymour’s presence as a prolific magazine illustrator dates largely from the early 1830s. As well as a mass of jobbing illustrations that were produced for a remarkably diverse range of magazines. Seymour worked extensively for three significant and profusely illustrated magazines at this time — the Looking Glass, Figaro in London, and the Comic Magazine. The Looking Glass was published by Thomas McLean and sought to sustain an established tradition of political caricature through adapting it to a magazine format using the relatively new reprographic medium of lithography. Figaro in London was illustrated by vignette wood engravings, which were both vernacular and sophisticated at the same time. The Comic Magazine, another publication dependent on small wood-engraved images, sought to build on the growing popularity of song books and comic annuals. The diversity and prolixity of Seymour’s output at this time bears testimony to the extraordinary demands made on draughtsmen and engravers in the 1830s, and suggests something of the relentlessly innovative market place for humorous and satirical print at this time.

  15. REPRESENTACIÓN BURLESCA DE LOS BLASONES EN GRAN SEÑOR Y RAJADIABLOS

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    Luis Hermosilla

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se analiza el repertorio de recursos satíricos empleados por Eduardo Barrios en Gran Señor y rajadiablos en la confección de un relato humorístico que socava la percepción ideológica que privilegiaba la fama del apellido y del linaje peninsular como signos hegemónicos del estatus aristocrático. Mediante la caricaturización literaria de las cadenas emblemáticas asociadas al fuero de los Casaquemada y el escudo de armas de los antepasados de los Valverde, Eduardo Barrios pone de relieve la persistencia ideológica, en algunos sectores de la sociedad chilena representada en la novela, de un sistema anacrónico de diferenciación social incompatible con el nuevo ideario democrático impulsado con el advenimiento de la república.This essay analyses the array of satirical resources employed by Eduardo Barrios in his Gran Señor y rajadiablos (GreatLordandHellRaiser to create a humoristic narration undermining the ideological perception that favored the Peninsular last name and lineage as hegemonic signs of aristocratic status. Through a literary caricature-like representation of the emblematic chains related to the Casaquemada court of justice and the Valverde predecessors' coat of arms, Barrios satirizes the persistence of an anachronic ideology of social differentiation held by some sectors of the Chilean society represented in this novel. Such ideology becomes incompatible with the new democratic ideals brought along by the emerging Republic.

  16. THE CHARACTERS OF SERVANTS IN TITUŠ (TITO BREZOVAČKI’S PLAYS

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    Ana Gospić Županović

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The starting point of this paper is the notion that in Tito Brezovački’s plays the characters of servants have an important role and a privileged place – that of social testimonies. This paper is focused on investigating the features of representation and the roles of servants in two key plays: the hagiographic play Sveti Aleksij (1786 and the play Diogeneš iliti sluga dveh zgubljenih bratov (c. 1805. The plays are first situated within the temporal context after which the features of the characters of servants Favorin and Diogeneš are compared primarily in relation with the genre and comic conventions. The focus is then shifted towards the interpretation of their discourses with respect to the philosophical and/or ideological notions that they support and the critical-satirical reflections which direct interpretation towards coeval socio-political reality. Favorin has the role of the bearer of comical-entertaining parts and his function is to relieve the dominant tragic-pathetic tone, while in the philosophical context he is the conveyer of moralistic-deterministic ideological determinants. The character of Diogeneš (although he has, just like Favorin, inherited some typical comedic conventions in the display of willy servants represents the transformed character of critical-satirical servant partly in accordance with the conventions of the emerging sentimental drama and drame bourgeois. Since he unites all the dramaturgical layers of the play the key socio-political aspects of the play are uncovered through his mediation. Given his role and purpose in the plot, along with the Kantian notion of Enlightenment and Hegelian dialectic of the master servant relationship, new possible socio-political implications of this enlightenment play are proposed in the context of the emergence of new social order.

  17. Rojas, Chaucer et Shakespeare au miroir de l'iconographie : les trois âges de la femme

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    Sandra Gorgievski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available La mise en perspective de La Celestina de Fernando de Rojas, Troilus and Criseyde de Chaucer et Troilus and Cressida de Shakespeare met à jour des résonnances dans la parodie du triangle courtois (l’amoureux, la femme, l’entremetteur et la peinture du désenchantement du monde. Dans l’Europe médiévale et renaissante, l’image de la femme tentatrice peut aussi être mise en relation avec le thème iconographique des Trois âges de la femme et la Mort, mais aussi celui de la Tentation de saint Antoine (Hans Baldung, Jérôme Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, mêlant sacré et profane, érotisme et morbidité. Au-delà des aspects tragiques, Chaucer célèbre l’amour terrestre et spirituel - dans sa célèbre rétractation, alors que la satire et le grotesque dominent chez Rojas et Shakespeare.Placing in parallel Fernando de Rojas’ La Celestina, Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, one can find resonances in these works’ parody of the courtly triangle (the lovers, the go-between and their representation of a disenchanted world. In Medieval and Renaissance Europe, the image of the seductive woman can also be related to the iconographic themes of the Three Ages of Woman and Death and the Temptation of Saint Antonio (Hans Baldung, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, which mingle the sacred and the profane, the erotic and the morbid. Beyond tragic overtones, Chaucer celebrates both earthly and spiritual love in his famous retraction, while Rojas and Shakespeare highlight the grotesque and the satirical.

  18. Metodología para el diseño de bioensayos en toxicología acuática

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    Robles González Juana Raquel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La creciente descarga de residuos industriales y domésticos, el derrame de hidrocarburos, así como de otros productos químicos ha generado serios problemas de contaminación en las aguas y, por lo tanto, es necesario usar la metodología adecuada que permita medir la naturaleza y mecanismos de los efectos de esos contaminantes sobre organismos vivientes. En este trabajo se busca: Determinar los efectos letales y subletales del endosulfan en nematodos Panagrellus redivivus; comparar los resultados mediante los métodos Probit y Logístico. Se realizaron 16 bioensayos bajo un diseño completamente al azar, para probar las concentraciones 1,6; 3,2; 6,5; 13,1 y 26 ppm de endosulfan y un control, con cinco repeticiones y 10 individuos por unidad experimental. A 96 horas, la CL50 (Concentración Letal Mediana para endosulfan fue 10,89 ppm. y las CE50 (Concentracion Efectiva Mediana de las variables supervivencia, crecimiento y maduración fueron 10,54; 0,70 Y 0,73 ppm, respectivamente.

    Palabras claves: Concentración letal, concentración efectiva, endosulfan, nematodos.

  19. Different foods in larvicultura of traíra (Hoplias malabaricus

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    Samuel Louzada Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Pereira S.L., Mendonça P.P., Pellanda A.S., Matielo M.D. & Gon- çalves Junior L.P. [Different foods in larvicultura of traíra (Hoplias malabaricus.] Utilização de diferentes alimentos na larvicultura de traíra (Hoplias malabaricus. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 37(3:233-238, 2015. Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Avenida Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque Califórnia, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ 28013-602, Brasil. E-mail: samuell_lp@hotmail.com The feeding in the larviculture of species carnivorous view point for closing of the technological packages of rearing culture. Developed in the sector of Aquicultura of the IFES - Campus of Alegre, this work it aimed at to compare the performance with four diet feed as first exogenous feeding for traíra (Hoplias malabaricus, parameters evaluated: Survival, length final (CF, final weight (PF, tax of specific growth (TCE, development tax specifies (TDE, being put in container with fifteen liters of water, with constant aeration, have five larva of traíra/container. The delineation entire was aleatory with four treatments and five repetitions. Being the diet feeds represented for T1: Nauplios de Artemia sp.; T2: microworm of oats (Pannagrelos redivivus; T3: Wild Zooplâncton; e the inert food represented by T4: Commercial ration in dust with 55% of crude protein and 4,200 Kcal de ED/kg of ration. The water exchange was of 80% daily, the average temperature was of 27.5±1°C. The indices of survival in the T1, T2, T3 and T4, had been 84%, 72%, 100% and 92%, respectively. The date had been submitted analyze it statistics ANOVA and test of Tukey (P<0.01. Wild Zooplâncton was biggest CTF, PF, GP, TCE and TDE. Did not have difference statistics between the Artemia sp. the ration for TCE and TDE. The microworm of oats was minor CF, PF, TCE and TDE. The treatment Wild zooplankton (T3 showed optimum diet food among the other diet feeds tested for the development and

  20. Differences in the genetic control of early egg development and reproduction between C. elegans and its parthenogenetic relative D. coronatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Christopher; Schiffer, Philipp H; Kagoshima, Hiroshi; Hiraki, Hideaki; Vogt, Theresa; Kroiher, Michael; Kohara, Yuji; Schierenberg, Einhard

    2017-01-01

    The free-living nematode Diploscapter coronatus is the closest known relative of Caenorhabditis elegans with parthenogenetic reproduction. It shows several developmental idiosyncracies, for example concerning the mode of reproduction, embryonic axis formation and early cleavage pattern (Lahl et al. in Int J Dev Biol 50:393-397, 2006). Our recent genome analysis (Hiraki et al. in BMC Genomics 18:478, 2017) provides a solid foundation to better understand the molecular basis of developmental idiosyncrasies in this species in an evolutionary context by comparison with selected other nematodes. Our genomic data also yielded indications for the view that D. coronatus is a product of interspecies hybridization. In a genomic comparison between D. coronatus , C. elegans , other representatives of the genus Caenorhabditis and the more distantly related Pristionchus pacificus and Panagrellus redivivus , certain genes required for central developmental processes in C. elegans like control of meiosis and establishment of embryonic polarity were found to be restricted to the genus Caenorhabditis . The mRNA content of early D. coronatus embryos was sequenced and compared with similar stages in C. elegans and Ascaris suum . We identified 350 gene families transcribed in the early embryo of D. coronatus but not in the other two nematodes. Looking at individual genes transcribed early in D. coronatus but not in C. elegans and A. suum , we found that orthologs of most of these are present in the genomes of the latter species as well, suggesting heterochronic shifts with respect to expression behavior. Considerable genomic heterozygosity and allelic divergence lend further support to the view that D. coronatus may be the result of an interspecies hybridization. Expression analysis of early acting single-copy genes yields no indication for silencing of one parental genome. Our comparative cellular and molecular studies support the view that the genus Caenorhabditis differs

  1. Differences in the genetic control of early egg development and reproduction between C. elegans and its parthenogenetic relative D. coronatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Kraus

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The free-living nematode Diploscapter coronatus is the closest known relative of Caenorhabditis elegans with parthenogenetic reproduction. It shows several developmental idiosyncracies, for example concerning the mode of reproduction, embryonic axis formation and early cleavage pattern (Lahl et al. in Int J Dev Biol 50:393–397, 2006. Our recent genome analysis (Hiraki et al. in BMC Genomics 18:478, 2017 provides a solid foundation to better understand the molecular basis of developmental idiosyncrasies in this species in an evolutionary context by comparison with selected other nematodes. Our genomic data also yielded indications for the view that D. coronatus is a product of interspecies hybridization. Results In a genomic comparison between D. coronatus, C. elegans, other representatives of the genus Caenorhabditis and the more distantly related Pristionchus pacificus and Panagrellus redivivus, certain genes required for central developmental processes in C. elegans like control of meiosis and establishment of embryonic polarity were found to be restricted to the genus Caenorhabditis. The mRNA content of early D. coronatus embryos was sequenced and compared with similar stages in C. elegans and Ascaris suum. We identified 350 gene families transcribed in the early embryo of D. coronatus but not in the other two nematodes. Looking at individual genes transcribed early in D. coronatus but not in C. elegans and A. suum, we found that orthologs of most of these are present in the genomes of the latter species as well, suggesting heterochronic shifts with respect to expression behavior. Considerable genomic heterozygosity and allelic divergence lend further support to the view that D. coronatus may be the result of an interspecies hybridization. Expression analysis of early acting single-copy genes yields no indication for silencing of one parental genome. Conclusions Our comparative cellular and molecular studies support the

  2. Uso de productos derivados de Bacillus thuringiensis como alternativa de control en nematodos de importancia veterinaria. Revisión

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    Alejandro Vázquez-Pineda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La bacteria entomopatógena Bacillus thuringiensis produce cristales proteicos con actividad citotóxica en contra de insectos y nematodos. La toxicidad de B. thuringiensis en plagas agrícolas es ampliamente conocida, pero poco se conoce acerca de su actividad en contra de nematodos parásitos. Recientemente, la actividad nematicida de las proteínas derivadas de B. thuringiensis se demostró en parásitos de mamíferos como Haemonchus, Teladorsagia, Nippostrongylus, y Ancylostoma, y en nematodos de plantas, Globodera y Meloidogyne. Entre el grupo de B. thuringiensis con efecto nematicida, las proteínas de la cepa IB-16 han mostrado actividad letal de 50 a 100 % en contra de diferentes estadios del principal género de rumiantes, Haemonchus contortus. Asimismo, los géneros de nematodos de vida libre, Panagrellus redivivus y Caenorhabditis elegans han sido blanco de estudios de la acción nematicida de B. thuringiensis. Por ejemplo, el efecto tóxico de la proteína Cry5B de B. thuringiensis se observó en las células intestinales de C. elegans, además esta acción parece involucrar receptores celulares específicos, similares a los que se han notificado en contra de plagas agrícolas. Asimismo, la unión de la proteína Cry5B ocurre en receptores específicos, como moléculas de carbohidratos, las cuales están presentes en la membrana de las células de intestino de los nematodos, ocasionando daño y muerte. A través de este tipo de estudios, los derivados de B. thuringiensis podrían considerarse una alternativa de control en nematodos que afectan a los animales domésticos, como rumiantes, así como en contra de otros nematodos patógenos de mamíferos e incluso de plantas agrícolas.

  3. Le citoyen rieur

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    Anna Rycman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Pologne d’aujourd’hui, l’évolution des modèles d’engagement civique et politique s’opère plus particulièrement auprès des jeunes générations. Parmi les expériences nouvelles de participation politique, les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication offrent des opportunités radicales de reconfigurer l’espace public. La jeunesse polonaise investit en masse le Web. Dans le flux de paroles affranchies circulant et dialoguant dans le cyberespace, nous nous intéressons ici au développement d’un discours qui emprunte au registre de la dérision et de la satire politiques. Une multitude de sites critiques, de nature apparemment contestataire, des sites d’opposition fondés sur le genre satirique, ont émergé comme réponse apportée à la situation politique. Cet espace public électronique représente une forme moderne de « folklore politique », contribuant au processus de socialisation des jeunes citoyens polonais.The laughing citizen. A modern form of civic commitment in democratic Poland?In present day Poland, the evolution of civic and political commitment models is above all the affaire of the younger generations. Among the current opportunities for political participation, the new information and communication technologies offer radical opportunities to reconfigure the public arena. Polish youth are flocking to the Web. Amongst the flux of frank points of views circulating and dialoguing in cyberspace, our interest here is the development of a discourse inspired by political and satirical derision. A multitude of critical, apparently anti-establishment, sites and general opposition sites using the satirical style have emerged as a response to the political situation. This public electronic space represents a modern form of « political folklore », contributing to the socialising processes of young polish citizens.El ciudadano que rie. ¿Nueva forma del compromiso cívico en la

  4. Historia, poesía y cotilleos. Cristina de Suecia en los Avisos de Barrionuevo

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    Arellano, Ignacio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the way in which appears the figure of Queen Christina of Sweden in notices or news of Jerónimo Barrionuevo, who is commenting on contemporary events from a perspective that might consider satirical, and that relates to the conventions of the literary gender, but also with the intellectual and political attitude of the narrator. It is observed that in the dichotomy between real person and character built by the text, some kind of news that spread as gossip, are excluded from the literary treatments of Christina of Sweden, while define the perspective of Barrionuevo. In this case, not only the prerogatives of poetry define the treatment of historical characters; the whispering privileges acquired a special role, linked also with a misogynist perspective of the relator and tendencies of satirical categories.El artículo examina el modo en que aparece la figura de la reina Cristina de Suecia en los Avisos o noticias de Jerónimo de Barrionuevo, que va comentando los sucesos contemporáneos desde una perspectiva que podríamos llamar satírica, y que se relaciona con las convenciones propias del mismo género, pero también con la actitud intelectual y política del narrador. De este modo se advierte que ciertos motivos se reservan para ciertos géneros: en este caso los chismes y cotilleos que no suelen aparecer en tratamientos propiamente literarios, forman el núcleo de los textos que definen en Barrionuevo la principal perspectiva con la que se evoca a Cristina. Así pues, no solo las prerrogativas de la poesía permiten modelar el tratamiento de los personajes históricos acudiendo a alteraciones de los hechos legitimadas por las teorías poéticas de la época; también los privilegios libérrimos del cotilleo adquieren un protagonismo especial, con un marcado predominio en Barrionuevo de la mirada misógina —que podría ser propia del relator o debida a la tendencia satírica de la misma categoría textual—.

  5. Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability

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    Willibald Ruch

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM. These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test–retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity. Internal consistency was sufficiently high, and the median test-retest reliability over a period of 1–2 weeks was 0.86 (N = 148. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight styles could be distinguished in both English- (N = 303 and German-speaking samples (N = 1018 and 368. Comparing self- and other-reports (N = 210 supported both convergent and discriminant validity. The intercorrelations among the eight scales ranged from close to zero (between humor and sarcasm/cynicism to large and positive (between sarcasm and cynicism. Consequently, second-order factor analyses revealed either two bipolar factors (based on ipsative data or three unipolar factors (based on normative data. Study 2 related the CSM to instruments measuring personality (N = 999, intelligence (N = 214, and character strengths (N = 252, showing that (a wit was the only style correlated with (verbal intelligence, (b fun was related to indicators of vitality and extraversion, (c humor was related to character strengths of the heart, and (d comic styles related to mock/ridicule (i.e., sarcasm, cynicism, but also irony correlated negatively with character strengths of the virtues temperance, transcendence, and humanity. By contrast, satire had a moral goodness

  6. Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruch, Willibald; Heintz, Sonja; Platt, Tracey; Wagner, Lisa; Proyer, René T.

    2018-01-01

    The present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism) and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM). These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test–retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity. Internal consistency was sufficiently high, and the median test-retest reliability over a period of 1–2 weeks was 0.86 (N = 148). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight styles could be distinguished in both English- (N = 303) and German-speaking samples (N = 1018 and 368). Comparing self- and other-reports (N = 210) supported both convergent and discriminant validity. The intercorrelations among the eight scales ranged from close to zero (between humor and sarcasm/cynicism) to large and positive (between sarcasm and cynicism). Consequently, second-order factor analyses revealed either two bipolar factors (based on ipsative data) or three unipolar factors (based on normative data). Study 2 related the CSM to instruments measuring personality (N = 999), intelligence (N = 214), and character strengths (N = 252), showing that (a) wit was the only style correlated with (verbal) intelligence, (b) fun was related to indicators of vitality and extraversion, (c) humor was related to character strengths of the heart, and (d) comic styles related to mock/ridicule (i.e., sarcasm, cynicism, but also irony) correlated negatively with character strengths of the virtues temperance, transcendence, and humanity. By contrast, satire had a moral goodness

  7. The Many Worlds of Leo Szilard: Physicist, Peacemaker, Provocateur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanouette, William

    2014-03-01

    Best known for being the first to conceive and patent the nuclear chain reaction in the 1930s, Leo Szilard should also be remembered for other insights in both physics and biology, and for historical initiatives to control the A-bomb he helped create. In physics, Szilard applied entropy to data in a seminal 1929 paper that laid the basis for ``information theory.'' Szilard co-designed an electromagnetic refrigerator pump with Einstein in the 1920s, in 1939 he co-designed the first nuclear reactor with Enrico Fermi, and he later thought up and named the nuclear ``breeder'' reactor. Biologist Francois Jacob called Szilard an ``intellectual bumblebee'' for the many novel ideas he shared, including one that earned Jacob and others the Nobel Prize. James D. Watson said that for intellectual stimulation he liked being around Szilard because ``Leo got excited about something before it was true.'' A political activist, Szilard proposed and drafted the 1939 letter Einstein sent to President Franklin Roosevelt that warned of German A-bomb work and led to the Manhattan Project - where Szilard was ``Chief Physicist.'' Yet Szilard then worked tirelessly to curb nuclear weapons, organizing a scientists' petition to President Truman and lobbying Congress for civilian control of the atom. Szilard loved dreaming up new institutions. He helped to create the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and founded the Council for a Livable World - the first political action committee for arms control. In biology, Szilard proposed the European Molecular Biology Organization modeled on CERN, and helped create the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, where he was one of the first fellows. Shy, witty, and eccentric, Szilard wrote a political satire in 1960 that predicted when the US-Soviet nuclear arms race would end in the late 1980s. Another satire, ``My Trial as a War Criminal'' about scientists' responsibilities for weapons of mass destruction, is credited with prompting

  8. A utilização do palhaço no ambiente hospitalar

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    André Furtado de Ayalla Rodrigues

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O palhaço se faz presente na maior parte das culturas da humanidade exercendo os mais diversos papéis; desde participantes de rituais sagrados à conselheiros reais. Atualmente, o palhaço é visto como um ser transgressor de normas e capaz de satirizar as fragilidades humanas deixando-as mais leves. Foi exatamente essa ressignificação que garantiu o sucesso do palhaço dentro do ambiente hospitalar. Em 1986, pela primeira vez o palhaço usou seu dom dentro de um hospital satirizando as rotinas típicas desse ambiente. As consequências da atuação puderam ser observadas ainda durante o espetáculo quando crianças previamente deprimidas participavam ativamente das atividades propostas. Desde então, houve uma rápida progressão na quantidade de grupos – constituídos por voluntários ou artistas – que levam esse tipo de linguagem para dentro do hospital como forma de apoio às crianças internadas, familiares e profissionais de saúde. Apesar da resistência por parte de alguns profissionais de saúde, estudos recentes demonstram a eficácia desse tipo de ação dentro do hospital. ABSTRACT The clown has been part of most of human culture, playing diverse roles, from participant in sacred rituals to royal counselor. Currently, the clown is seen as a transgressor and capable of satirizing the human frailties. It was this reframing that ensured the success of the clown inside the hospital environment. In 1986, for the first time a clown used his ability inside a hospital satirizing the typical routines of that environment. Those actions resulted in consequences that could be observed during the show, when previously depressed children participated actively in the activities proposed. Since then, there has been a rapid progression on the amount of groups – made up of volunteers or artists – which take this kind of language into the hospital as a form of support to the hospitalized children, their family and, also, health

  9. Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruch, Willibald; Heintz, Sonja; Platt, Tracey; Wagner, Lisa; Proyer, René T

    2018-01-01

    The present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism) and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM). These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test-retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity. Internal consistency was sufficiently high, and the median test-retest reliability over a period of 1-2 weeks was 0.86 ( N = 148). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight styles could be distinguished in both English- ( N = 303) and German-speaking samples ( N = 1018 and 368). Comparing self- and other-reports ( N = 210) supported both convergent and discriminant validity. The intercorrelations among the eight scales ranged from close to zero (between humor and sarcasm/cynicism) to large and positive (between sarcasm and cynicism). Consequently, second-order factor analyses revealed either two bipolar factors (based on ipsative data) or three unipolar factors (based on normative data). Study 2 related the CSM to instruments measuring personality ( N = 999), intelligence ( N = 214), and character strengths ( N = 252), showing that (a) wit was the only style correlated with (verbal) intelligence, (b) fun was related to indicators of vitality and extraversion, (c) humor was related to character strengths of the heart, and (d) comic styles related to mock/ridicule (i.e., sarcasm, cynicism, but also irony) correlated negatively with character strengths of the virtues temperance, transcendence, and humanity. By contrast, satire had a moral

  10. Salvator Rosa e Napoli / Salvator Rosa and Naples

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    Daniela De Liso

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Salvator Rosa (Napoli, 1615- Roma 1673 fu pittore e poeta tra i più interessanti del secolo diciassettesimo. Il saggio intende indagare il complesso rapporto artistico e personale che Rosa ebbe con la città di Napoli, in cui era nato e dalla quale era quasi fuggito quando era poco più che un ragazzo. Attraverso una lettura delle principali fonti biobibliografiche a lui contemporanee, di alcune delle sue tele, dei versi delle Satire e di stralci delle lettere che a Napoli dedicherà, s’intende sottolineare che della capitale del Meridione la scrittura e l’arte di Salvator Rosa sono in grado di restituirci un’immagine altra rispetto a quella topica di Napoli gentile, perla luminosa di quella Campania felix che proprio nel Seicento attrae pittori e poeti da ogni parte d’Europa. Nei versi di Rosa, come nella scrittura in prosa, Napoli è, infatti, croce e delizia, prigione da cui fuggire e porto di quell’agognato ritorno che, al di là delle leggendarie asserzioni di alcuni biografi romantici, mai avverrà.   Salvator Rosa (Naples, 1615- Rome, 1673 was a painter and poet among the most interesting of the seventeenth century. The essay intends to investigate the complex artistic and personal relationship that Rosa had with the city of Naples, where she was born and from which she had fled when she was little more than a boy. Through a reading of the main biobibliographic sources to him contemporary, some of his canvases, the verses of the Satire and the excerpts of the letters that Naples will dedicate, it is meant to point out that in the capital of the South the writing and art of Salvator Rosa are Able to give us an image other than the topical one of Napoli's kind, bright pearl of the Campania felix that in the seventeenth century attracts painters and poets from all over Europe. In the lines of Rosa, as in prose writing, Naples is, in fact, a cross and delight, a prison from which to flee and bring about that auspicious return that

  11. Potret Ketimpangan Sosial dalam Teks-Teks Sastra Indonesia Mutakhir

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    Puji Karyanto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membicarakan bagaimanakah fenomena ketimpangan sosial digambarkan dalam teks-teks sastra Indonesia mutakhir dan relasi antara potret ketimpangan sosial tersebut dengan realitas. Untuk menjawab dua persoalan tersebut digunakan pendekatan sosiologi sastra dan semiotika. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di antara ketiga teks sastra yang diteliti, yakni “Sajak Burung-Burung Kondor”, teks drama Konglomerat Burisrawa, dan novel Larung sebagai representasi teks-teks sastra Indonesia mutakhir terdapat benang merah tematik, yakni fenomena ketimpangan sosial. Fenomena ketimpangan sosial dalam “Sajak Burung-Burung Kondor” disampaikan secara langsung dengan mengoposisikan perbedaan nasib yang dialami oleh dua kelas sosial. Fenomena ketimpangan sosial dalam Konglomerat Burisrawa disampaikan dalam bentuk komedi satir yang tidak bersifat langsung. Fenomena ketimpangan sosial dalam Larung disampaikan untuk memperkuat ilustrasi cerita utama yang berfokus pada kisah-kisah romantik dan epik tokoh-tokohnya dalam memperjuangkan prinsip-prinsip hidup. Makna atas penggambaran fenomena ketimpangan sosial dalam ketiga teks sastra tersebut adalah sebagai refleksi literer atas fakta sosial yang ada. Abstract: This paper will discuss two main issues of how the phenomenon of social inequality depicted in the Indonesian literary texts to date and the relationship between the portrait of social inequality with current realities. To answer there two questions, the sociology of literature and semiotics are used. Results show that among the three literary texts studied, namely the “Burung-Burung Kondor Rhyme”, dramatic text of Konglomerat Burisrawa, and novel Larung as a representation of Indonesian literary texts there are advanced thematic thread about the phenomenon of social inequality. The phenomenon of social inequality in the “Rhyme of Burung-Burung Kondor” is communicated directly by contrasting it with the fate differences experienced by

  12. CineClub

    CERN Multimedia

    CineClub

    2014-01-01

      Thursday 28 August 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber   Benny’s Video   Directed by Michael Haneke Austria, 1992, 105 minutes A 14-year-old video enthusiast is so caught up in film fantasy that he can no longer relate to the real world, to such an extent that he commits murder and records an on-camera confession for his parents. Original version German; English subtitles Thursday 4 September 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Deflowering of Eva Van End Directed by Michiel Ten Horn Netherlands, 2012, 94 minutes In this perfect blend of satire and sincerity, a dysfunctional family gets turned on its head when the 'perfect' exchange student moves in. Every member of the van End family is preoccupied with his or her own peculiar fixation -be it father Evert's Skype relationship with a boy in Africa (seemingly his only functional relationship), or mother Etty's relentless tirades against her dope-dealing youngest son or ...

  13. Holiness and humour

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    Anita Houck

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Although Christian spirituality includes a long tradition of suspicion of humour, humour can express and further holiness in several ways. Humour serves holiness in religious satire; it can also communicate the self-transcendent perspective of holy women and men. Humour and holiness can also illuminate each other because both are inherently relational. Christian holiness consists primarily in right relationship to the Holy One and, thus, to others. Humour’s complex relational nature is examined with the help of Ted Cohen’s analysis of joke-telling and evolutionary and cognitive research. Humour and its primary expression, laughter, are inherently ambiguous, capable of expressing and creating a range of attitudes and relationships; consequently, they can both conduce to and hinder holiness. Finally, humour can contribute to the religious imagination, and thus to holiness, by challenging established images of the holy, inviting fresh theological reflection, and inspiring ethical action. Both holiness and humour require openness to that which is beyond us and agility in responding to the other.

  14. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ciné club

    2014-01-01

    On the occasion of CERN’s 60th anniversary the CERN CinéClub will be showing films from all CERN member states. Thursday 9 October 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Beresina or The Last Days of Switzerland Directed by Daniel Schmid Switzerland, 1999, 106 minutes   Beresina, or the Last Days of Switzerland chronicles the story of Irina, a Russian call girl arriving in Switzerland, whose innocent attempt to live the high life there triggers unintended coup d'etat in the country. The title Beresina refers to the Beresinalied, a patriotic song used as the code for initiating the Putsch.  The film is a black comedy where all aspects of Swiss life are satirized in anecdotes. The heroine deals with a retired P-26 officer who appears as her false "sponsor" and various sexual perverts at the top of Swiss social hierarchy. Their attitudes to immigrants are also depicted ironically. Even the national identity and modern history of Switzerland are...

  15. De apetitos y de cañas. El consumo de alimentos y bebidas en Santiago a fines del siglo XIX

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    Daniel Palma Alvarado

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se ocupa de una necesidad básica del ser humano: su alimentación. Sobre la base de la fecunda prensa satírica, muestra cómo y qué comían los chilenos y chilenas del 1900, ya sea la elite como el pueblo. Junto con explorar los sabores y aromas de los platos más representativos, hay un acercamiento a la sociabilidad que se generó en torno a la comida y a un problema de larga data como es el alcoholismo. En ese sentido, se trata de una historia social de la alimentación que aporta indicios interesantessobre la sociedad urbana del Chile de la época.This article is about one of the human being's basic necessiteies: their feeding. On the base of the fertile satirical press, it shows how and what the Chileans used to eat around the 1900, both elite and common people. Together whit exploring the flavors and aromas of the most representative dishes, there is an approach to the sociability that was generated around the food altogether whit a long duration problem like alcoholism. In such a sense, it a social history of the feeding that contibutes interesting indications of the diet costums on the chilean urban society of this time.

  16. The Bibliophilic value of a manuscript from Ştefan Ciobanu's library (Ph. Wieghel, Observations on the present state of affairs in Bessarabia, 1823

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    Maria Danilov

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available For almost five years Philip Philipovich Wieghel (Russified Finnish Estonian, 1786-1856, writer, famous memoirist of the time, member of the Arzamas Society, was the Bessarabian vice-governor and a member from the Crown in the Supreme Council for the Administration of Bessarabia (1823-1828. During his stay in Bessarabia, Wiegel wrote his famous essay “Observations on the present state of affairs in Bessarabia” (1823, which was nothing more than a pamphlet, a sarcastic satire on the Bessarabian society containing allusions to many representatives of local authorities who for various reasons were unpleasant to the author. Moreover, the notes are full of slander and contempt towards the natives. Apparently, Wigel intended to keep his pamphlet in secret, but could not resist distributing several copies among friends – a mistake that brought him a lot of misery later on in life. Wieghel’s memoirs are vast and can serve as a source of information for those wishing to know the atmosphere that prevailed at the beginning of the 19th century in the newly annexed province of the Russian Empire. Our study aims to determine the bibliophilic value of the manuscript relative to other valuable books stored in the Central Scientific Library of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. The manuscript entered the library of Ştefan Ciobanu in 1931, from the books of the passionate Bessarabian bibliophile Paul Gore. Thus, books often speak of other books.

  17. Britannia : Grandeur et infortune d’une allégorie nationale dans l’univers du cartoon britannique 1842-1999 Britannia: Greatness and Misfortune of a National Symbol in the World of British Cartoons 1842-1999

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    Gilbert Millat

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Britannia, sometimes accompanied by the emblematic British Lion, has long been personifying justice, liberty, and the British Empire on coins and stamps as well as in graphic satire. Originally of Roman origin, she became the visual representation of Britain after being revived in the sixteenth century. This article is based on the analysis of over four hundred cartoons featuring this symbol. It argues that between 1860 and the 1950s, Britannia striking a solemn pose, that of the Græco-Roman goddess created by Tenniel, exalted Victorian greatness and the early twentieth century great power twice victorious in the World Wars. On the other hand, since the inter-war years, Low and his followers had been challenging this supposedly immutable image. They turned her into a definitely helpless and obsolete symbol whose identity was sometimes usurped by such anti-heroes as Colonel Blimp. Finally, from the 1960s, in a context of continuous British decline and growing permissiveness, cartoonists increasingly followed the example of the old masters of 18th century caricature and early Punch cartoonists, even though aggressiveness and vulgarity have remained much less explicit.

  18. The starter of Cervantes’s El juez de los Divorcios, and other pobres y pobras malcasados

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    José Enrique López Martínez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work I survey some of the literary referents, mainly from XVIth Century, that may have served as models for Miguel de Cervantes’ short piece The Divorce Court Judge. Among the first important drama precedents are Cristóbal de Castillejo’s Farsa de la Costanza and some pieces by Lope de Rueda, where we find the comical representation of conjugal struggles. However, prose has also a very important role in the development of many of the motives seen in the cervantine work, such as the satire of marriage, and principally the description of the grumpy ill-married woman; this is what we find for example in the Arcipreste de Talavera and the works of Antonio de Guevara and Pedro de Luján. In Cervantes’ time, these themes are reformulated in plays like the Entremés de los huevos, Barrionuevo’s Triunfo de los coches or Guillén de Castro’s Los malcasados de Valencia; and, after the publication of Cervantes’ piece, in Salas Barbadillo´s El descasamentero and in the anonymous Hospital de los malcasados. With this study we can better identify many of the literary elements that Cervantes imitates from former traditions, and it becomes clear the essentially comical nature of the play.

  19. Contextualizing History in Hungarian Films of the New Millennium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Orban

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hungarian films produced after the year 2000 build on the historical reality of the fall of communism and anticipate, or come to terms with, entry into the European Union.  This article will explore six films that deal with history through multiple perspectives to dramatize the dynamic between historical events and human responses to them.  These films reference history, or efface it, as a way of problematizing the relationship between human behavior and history.  Colossal Sensation [Világszám – Dodó és Naftalin] (2005 and Children of Glory [Szabadság, szerelem] (2006, for example, examine Hungarians’ moments of defiance during the 1956 uprising but shape historical events to fit human constructs.  Contemporary history provides satire of rising capitalism in The District! [Nyócker!] (2005 whose plot weaves historical figures into a modern rendition of Romeo and Juliette.  Miracle in Krakow [Csoda Krakkóban] (2004 also presents a book as its central metaphor, and, like The District!, the book allows some of history’s uglier moments to be erased.  Béla Tarr’s Werkmeister Harmonies [Werkmeister harmóniák] (2000 and Nimród Antal’s Control [Kontroll] (2003, films without overt historical markers, provide allegorical visions of societal unrest that can be read as allusions to millennial concerns.

  20. YouTubers as satirists: Humour and remix in online video

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    Patrícia Dias da Silva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the role humour plays in politics, particularly in a media environment overflowing with user-generated video. We start with a genealogy of political satire, from classical to Internet times, followed by a general description of “the Hitler meme,” a series of videos on YouTube featuring footage from the film Der Untergang and nonsensical subtitles. Amid video-games, celebrities, and the Internet itself, politicians and politics are the target of twenty-first century caricatures. By analysing these videos we hope to elucidate how the manipulation of images is  embedded in everyday practices and may be of political consequence, namely by deflating politicians' constructed media image. The realm of image, at the centre of the Internet's technological culture, is connected with decisive aspects of today's social structure of knowledge and play. It is timely to understand which part of “playing” is in fact an expressive practice with political significance.

  1. Excerpt from Transnational Russian-American Travel Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita D. Marinova

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Margarita Marinova’s text is excerpted from her new work Transnational Russian-American Travel Writing. The work’s purpose is to examine “the diverse practices of crossing boundaries, tactics of translation, and experiences of double and multiple political and national attachments” found in a group of writings about encounters between Russians and Americans between 1865 and the Russian Revolution of 1905. (These encounters provide a prelude to the more famous American travelogue of 1930s Soviet satirical writers Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov, Odnoetazhnaia Amerika [Single-Storied America]. Contrasting viewpoints on race and ethnicity form an important element of Marinova’s corpus, and one fine example is the extract shown here, which treats the encounter of Russian-Jewish revolutionary Vladimir Bogoraz (Tan with a Black American student working as a Pullman porter, and the Russian’s unwittingly humorous incapacity to view him outside of stereotypes (in a fashion that anticipates the character of the mother in Shirley Jackson’s mordant short story “After You, My Dear Alphonse”.

  2. Spenser’s Blatant Beast: The Thousand Tongues of Elizabethan Religious Polemic

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    Christopher A. Hill

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the final two books of the 1596 edition of Spenser’s Faerie Queene, in which there arises a formidable adversary: the Blatant Beast. This monster, whose presence dominates the end of Book Five and a substantial portion of Book Six, represents the worst excesses of caustic and satirical rhetoric as manifest in the theological and ecclesiastical pamphlet disputes that erupted after Fields and Wilcox’s 1572 Admonition to Parliament. That these disputes were about serious and far-reaching matters is undeniable; it is also undeniable that the means by which these disputes were waged, especially in notorious cases like those of Martin Marprelate, caused significant intellectual, rhetorical, and religious anxiety among combatants and observers alike. Spenser’s heavily allegorized presentation of polemic and pamphleteering in the figure of the Blatant Beast—and the travails of the Knights of Justice and of Courtesy in bringing the beast to heel—can illustrate for students the full extent of that anxiety in Reformation England, as well as articulate Spenser’s call for the timely application of “well guided speech” as the solution to these reckless disputes.

  3. Television & Its Cultivation Effects on Iranians’ Cultural Identity

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    Naser Bahonar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains the effects of TV on culture by an emphasis on ethnical and national identities. The provided results which have been obtained from a part of a scientific research in IRIB research center show that on one hand, messages on some issues have been repeatedly broadcasted from IRI TV in three sections namely satiric programs, news and serials and watchers have been exposed to these messages, and on the other hand, watching TV has no influence on ethnical identity of the individuals. For national identity, the results of multivariable regression proves that level of watching TV has been entered into the equation and has been known as the third influential element after variables including communication network domain and level of individuals’ self confidence. On the whole, despite the fact that IRI TV produces and broadcasts messages regarding any of the identity issues under investigation, yet such messages are beside other influential elements and TV has been an effective element on the view of addressees regarding identity after social system variables. Moreover, the investigation showed that despite Gerbner’s Cultivation theory, TV in Iran has no Cultivation influence on the minds of addressees and people are more under the influence of other social system variables.

  4. Replies in time: mnemonic relationship between Cartas Chilenas and Resposta às Cartas Chilenas

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    Sara Helena Quintino

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on the mnemonic relationship between Cartas Chilenas, a work of the eighteenth century attributed to Thomas Antônio Gonzaga, and Respostas às Cartas Chilenas, written in 1991 by Napoleão Valadares. Working in the context of language studies, we adopt a route of discursive description and interpretation of this relationship, which highlights aspects of literary, ociopolitical and cultural memories. For this, we will use the notions of dialogism (Bakhtin and memory (Charaudeau, highlighting its three dimensions – the memory of signs, the memory of situations and the memory of discourse. We realize that the inclusion at memory of Respostas às Cartas Chilenas made to emerge - amid the satirical tradition and the denunciations of bad government - a set of sociopolitical values staged as arguments counter the government of President Fernando Collor de Mello. Thus, the relationship between mnemonic in these works contributes to the design the persuasive project of Valadares.

  5. Zamyatin's We and the Idea of the Dystopie

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    Margaret Lael Mikesell

    1982-09-01

    Full Text Available An examination of We clarifies conventions for the dystopic novel even as it reveals that We transcends those conventions. Under the surface text, which presents a narrative of political and "romantic" struggle, lie subtexts exploring the personal and ideological implications of the conflict between reason and emotion. Analysis of these texts, seen in a New Comedy framework informed by elements of irony and romance, demonstrates that on every level the novel fails to reach comic resolution. Moreover, it is this very failure that marks the departure of We from the conventions of the dystopic novel. Like Brave New World and 1984 , We contains satire and an obvious dystopia. However, it does not contain the other convention defining the genre—a recognizable and accessible moral norm. Rather, it depicts two dysfunctional Utopian systems in conflict. In transcending the conventions of the dystopic novel and in offering only partial resolution outside of its own flawed and mutually exclusive worlds, We explores the contradictions of the "modern" experience.

  6. The Room Where It Happens: A Skeptic's Analysis of the New Heart Failure Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packer, Milton

    2016-09-01

    New heart failure guidelines have been issued during the past several months, both in the United States and in Europe, in response to recent advances in and the approval of new drugs for the treatment of heart failure. Although guidelines documents are often viewed as authoritative and purely evidence-based, there are replete with meaningful (and inexplicable) inconsistencies, which derive from a review of the same body of scientific data by different groups. This satirical review highlights several examples of the entertaining foolishness of recent guideline documents in the good-natured hope that physicians will understand what the guidelines are, and more importantly, what they are not. Specifically, this paper describes the emergence of a new nonexistent disease; the strange battle between 2 bradycardic drugs (digoxin and ivabradine); the confusion that reigns over the positioning and dosing of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system; and the special recommendations that have been issued for certain special populations. As Otto von Bismarck remarked, guideline deliberations are like sausages; it is better not to see them being made. Yet, even after they are ready for public view, we should be cautious. Practitioners who rely on them for clinical decision-making engage in an unnecessary form of self-deception; those who read them literally and adhere to them strictly do not practice evidence-based medicine; and those who delve into them in a search for the truth are destined to be disappointed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Genre differentiation in ”A guided Tour through the Museum of Communism” by Slavenka Draculic

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    Jakov Sabljić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available On the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, a Croatian novelist Slavenka Drakulic simultaneously in several countries published a collection of essays titled A Guided Tour through the Museum of Communism. The collection consists of eight stories narrated by animals: a mole, a mouse, a dog, a cat, a raven, a parrot, a pig and a bear. The animals talk about neuralgic issues of Communism in former Eastern European countries (Eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Rumania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Bulgaria. The genre differentiation is based on determining postmodern variations of basic genre conventions in the process of creating a piece of literature. Fable variations are determined by analyzing the relationship between a fable and other genre forms, such as, an essay, a novella, a legend, a myth. Next to genre differentiation of a literary structure, one can also observe the differentiation of its role that has been conditioned by today’s cultural memory. In that manner, mythologized persons, objects and features of Communism are analyzed as universal symbols of a message, as well as elements of a satiric play. This paper will determine in which ways the above mentioned variations enrich the existent genre forms.

  8. [Jonathan Swift's asylum in Dublin--Ireland's introduction to institutional psychiatry 250 years ago].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reuber, M

    1995-09-01

    250 years ago, the satirical writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift from Dublin (1667-1745) founded the first Irish lunatic asylum. Rejecting the theories put forward by the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes and the doctor Thomas Willis, he was influenced by the ideas of the Scottish doctor and the "enlightened" thinker John Locke. Swift's St. Patrick's Hospital did not, however, realise a new philosophical concept: architecture and therapeutic approach of the new institution were clearly modelled on the much older Hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem ( = Bedlam). Despite its conservative conceptual basis, the first institution dedicated to the mentally ill and intellectually subnormal in Ireland became a starting point for the apparantly unstoppable expansion of the, at one time, most comprehensive asylum system in the world. After Swift's Hospital had been enlarged twice at the tax-payers' expense (1778, 1793), the administration decided to relieve the institution by erecting the Richmond Asylum (1810), the first public asylum in Ireland. When this establishment also became overcrowded, in 1817, legislation was passed which led to the establishment of the oldest system of public asylums in Europe.

  9. [Life and work of Dr. Jovan Jovanović Zmaj].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesić, Aleksandar; Bumbasirević, Marko; Zizić-Borjanović, Slavica

    2006-10-01

    The year of 2004 was the 100th anniversary of death of the poet and physician Dr. Jovan Jovanović Zmaj. Jovan Jovanović Zmaj was born in 1833 in Novi Sad, and died in 1904 in Sremska Kamenica J.J. Zmaj himself studied law and worked in the Novi Sad magistrate court. It was not until he turned 30 that he began practicing medicine. He developed as a poet as early as during his studies. He remained loyal to the vocations of physician and poet throughout his life. He wrote over 5000 poems, ranging from those for children through those for adults and those with which he addressed the rulers satirically. He was a founder of a number of magazines (Javor, Neven, Komarac, Danica). At that time of Romanticism, the work of J.J. Zmaj also had a national character. However, he succeeded in achieving something more: he introduced a literary genre till then unknown in Serb literature--literature for children. Through his genre he promoted not only Serbian language but also hygiene, by which he played a significant health care role, similar to that played by his friend Milan Jovanović Batut, only from a different aspect. He also used to draw, and his drawing of the emblem of the Serbian Literary Association has remained on the cover of every book published by it until these days.

  10. A play´s libretto “Sami”. The invention of evil. A Halloween tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bernardo González León

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In an atmosphere of comedy, satire and play, we go through the most significant celestial event in the Western religious view on the myth of creation of the Universe, and the celestial battle between Luzbel who, out of pride, rebelled against God, desiring to be like him, and was expelled from heaven by the Archangel Michael as a punishment, along with the army of rebellious angels who were dragged by him (a group of innocent cherubim, being known from that time as the Fallen Angel: Bearer of Light; this is, the logos (who delivers the wisdom and the fire to men; but also becomes the supreme archetype of the Rebel, the first universal separatist and autonomist, for the sake of freedom and anarchy. And is in this polarisation of the medieval mind that appears what we know as evil: an invention of human culture. Here the classic characters of the Middle Ages are reinterpreted: God, the Death, demons, angels and cherubim, are mixed with classic Celtic spirits, fairies, witches, and Merlin, coinciding with the naturalistic and ecological spirit of the ";;new age” in a fun recreation of this ultimate contradiction.

  11. Gender, Race, Mobility and Performance in James McBride’s The Good Lord Bird

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    Yuan-Chin Chang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In The Good Lord Bird, Onion’s gender passing and performance can be seen as fluid and transparent. Performance, mobility, fluid and constant change are themes and currents throughout the novel. The dramatic narrative feeds off tensions arising from race and gender and the ways in which related identities are experienced and performed. The current paper examines factors relating to performativity and identity in terms of race; in the case of Onion’s narrative these inform a specific kind of understanding of a social and geographical situation that requires subversion. Through humor and satire, McBride creastes a powerful work with contemporary resonances. The drama of the novel is based on concepts of performativity and identity, and the understanding represented by the symbol of the “Good Lord” bird in the novel. McBride wrote the novel for a contemporary audience, knowing that they would be attuned to such issues surrounding racial performance and racial identity. In a way, the unusual literary depiction of a self-identified male who inhabits a female performed identity throughout the novel can be seen as McBride’s comment on the ridiculousness of a binary system of racial categorization as used since the slavery era. Using theories from Lacan, Butler and Bhabha, the current work examines the plurality and hybridity of performed identities in The Good Lord Bird as they relate to understanding.

  12. Utopia e distopia nella prosa di Vladimir Odoevsky. Alcuni indizi nelle opere giovanili

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    Adalgisa Mingati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Utopia and Dystopia in V.F. Odoevsky's Fiction: some Clues in his Early Writing In Russian literature utopia and dystopia are often tightly interwoven. Also in the work of V.F. Odoevsky (1804-1869 some texts commonly defi ned as ‘utopian’ are in fact intertwined with a dark irony that seemingly leaves very little room for hope. However, Odoevsky’s dystopias should never be taken literally, on the contrary it is necessary to consider the specifi c cultural context in which they are placed, i.e., the paradoxical debate inspired by Menippean satire. The purpose of this paper is to identify in the writer’s two early texts, The Old People, or The Isle of Panchaia (1824 and Two Days in the Life of the Terrestrial Globe (1828, the presence of narrative elements which can be attributed to the utopian/dystopian topos and to define their principal features and probable derivative texts. In so doing, all the clues indispensable for an exhaustive reconstruction of the artistic process will be brought together, a process which, at the end of the 1830s, led to the genesis of two of Odoevsky’s famous dystopias set in the frame novel Russian Nights (1844, i.e, The Last Suicide and The City Without a Name (first published in 1839, as well as the unfinished The Year 4338 (1835-40.

  13. My American Uncle, America Cries Uncle, and Other Fantastic Tales from France: Iegor Gran's Jeanne d'Arc fait tic-tac

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    Carolyn A. Durham

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Ella Shohat and Robert Stam's proposal that beliefs about nations often crystallize in the form of stories could serve as both summary and generative matrix for Jeanne d'Arc fait tic-tac . In keeping with a number of recent fictional works united by the attempt to understand French and American cultures in a comparative context, the first part of Iegor Gran's clever 2005 novel consists of eleven stories whose common focus on the danger represented by American culture for French national identity makes the second part of the novel, in which France declares war and invades the United States, almost inevitable. In the opening section of Jeanne d'Arc , Gran both rewrites the traditional folktale for a self-reflective postmodern age and revises and satirizes the conventions of fantastic literature. The primary comic strategy of the second half of the novel, constructed as a parody of the current American conflict in Iraq, pays homage to the most recent source of tension between the United States and France. Throughout the novel Gran caricatures French chauvinism and insularity as much as he mocks American arrogance and consumerism, and the metaphorical demise of the "oncle d’Amérique,” the specifically French version of the American dream, continually reminds us of the sheer power and pleasure of narrative.

  14. Cine-Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine-Club

    2014-01-01

    Thursday 6 February 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Ecce bombo     Directed by Nanni Moretti (Italy, 1978) 103 minutes   Nanni Moretti, born in 1953, is one of the most influential and radical filmmakers in Italy. Enfant prodige du cinema, Moretti tries to find work as assistant-director right after graduation when he starts shooting his first Super-8 shorts. His first feature film “Io sono un autarchico” (I am an autarchic), filmed in 1976 in his own apartment with his friends as actors, brings him success both with the critics and the public. In 1978 the Cannes Film Festival selects his second film, “Ecce Bombo”; the success of which consecrates Moretti as one of the main and most interesting new authors in European cinema. Ecce Bombo is an intelligent and funny film, a superbly sharp social commentary picture of a generation, delivered with humour and satire: a synthesis and a reflection on society at the aftermath of the sexu...

  15. Visit Sunny Chernobyl: And Other Adventures in the World's Most Polluted Places

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blackwell, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    This book is the French translation of 'Visit Sunny Chernobyl' published in 2012 by Random House editor. For most of us, traveling means visiting the most beautiful places on Earth. It's rare to book a plane ticket to visit the lifeless moonscape of Canada's oil sand strip mines, or to seek out the Chinese city of Linfen, legendary as the most polluted in the world. But in this book, the author embraces a different kind of travel, taking a jaunt through the most gruesomely polluted places on Earth. From the hidden bars and convenience stores of a radioactive wilderness to the sacred but reeking waters of India, the book fuses immersive first-person reporting with satire and analysis, making the case that it's time to start appreciating our planet as it is not as we wish it would be. Irreverent and reflective, the book is a love letter to our biosphere's most tainted, most degraded ecosystems, and a measured consideration of what they mean for us. Equal parts travelogue, expose, environmental memoir, and faux guidebook, the author careens through a rogue's gallery of environmental disaster areas in search of the worst the world has to offer and approaches a deeper understanding of what's really happening to our planet in the process

  16. Bentuhua: culturing psychotherapy in postsocialist China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li

    2014-06-01

    The breathless pace of market reform in China has brought about profound ruptures in socioeconomic structures and increased mental distress in the population. In this context, more middle-class urbanites are turning to nascent psychological counseling to grapple with their problems. This article examines how Chinese psychotherapists attempt to "culture" or indigenize (bentuhua) three imported psychotherapy models in order to fit their clients' expectations, desires, and sensibilities: the Satir family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sandplay therapy. It addresses three interrelated questions: What is the role of culture in adopting, translating, and recasting psychotherapy in contemporary China? How is cultural difference understood and mobilized by therapists in the therapeutic encounter? What kind of distinct therapeutic relationship is emerging in postsocialist China? Data presented here are drawn from my semistructured interviews and extensive participant observation at various counseling offices and psychotherapy workshops in the city of Kunming. My ethnographic account suggests that it is through constant dialog, translation, and re-articulation between multiple regimes of knowledge, cultural values, and social practices that a new form of talk therapy with "Chinese characteristics" is emerging. Finally, I reflect upon what this dialogic process of transformation means for psychotherapy as a form of globally circulating knowledge/practice.

  17. Munk og Shakespeare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gemzøe, Anker

    2011-01-01

    Anker Gemzøes bidrag gælder Munks forhold til sit store forbillede, Shakespeare. Tre skuespil er genstand for analysen: En Idealist, Shakespeares Hamlet omsat af Kaj Munk og Cant. I hvert af disse dramaer bruger Munk en speciel strategi i forhold til sit litterære forlæg. Gemzøe ser i Herodes......-stykket ”et motivisk tag-selv-bord”, hvor forfatteren har benyttet sig meget frit af mange detaljer fra Shakespeares værker. Munks Hamlet-version omtales som ”døgnpolitiksuppe”, og ”aktualiseringsstrategien” i forhold til Shakespeare ses som en indskrænkning af originalens format til aktuel revyagtig satire...... med klare nazistiske sympatier. Gemzøe tager imidlertid særlig Cant under luppen. I en omhyggelig nærlæsning af teksten viser han at Shakespeare-inspirationen i dette stykke – det efter hans opfattelse mest shakespeareske af alle Munks dramaer – gælder både form og indhold. Han henviser bl.a. til King...

  18. DON QUIJOTE DE LA MANCHA: DIALOGISMO Y CARNAVALIZACIÓN, DIÁLOGO SOCRÁTICO Y SÁTIRA MENIPEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Jofré

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Se discuten aquí algunas de las tesis de Mijail Bajtín en relación con la novela Don Quijote. Primero, la oposición entre novela dialógica versus novela polifónica; segundo, la pertinencia del diálogo socrático y la sátira menipea en la estructura novelesca misma; tercero, la pertinencia del monologismo en la aproximación de poética histórica; y cuarto, algunos aspectos de la carnavalización en la novelaSome of Mijail Bachtin’s theses are discussed here. First the opposition between the dialogic novel and the polyphonic; in the second place, the pertinence of Socratic dialogue and the Menippean satire in the fictional structure itself; thirdly, the pertinence of monologism in the approach to a historical poetic; and lastly, some of the aspects of carnavalization in the novel

  19. Golden Jubilee Photos: Theorists at play

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Alvaro De Rújula and John Ellis, two of the best-known theorists at CERN, on stage for the 1983 Theory Division play. The stereotype of theoretical physicists has them with their heads in the clouds. But CERN theorists have turned this notion on its head with their annual satirical plays. The first, in 1978, poked fun at the conflict between two competing groups who wanted the chance to perform the second experiment with the then-new Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). Theorist John Ellis, who has been involved with most of the plays over the years, says the theorists "came up with the idea of defusing the tension by having the play." Each year, they base the play on a theme or symbol that will resonate with people from any culture. This first play was loosely based on l'Escalade, Geneva's annual celebration of having repelled the Duke of Savoy's attack in 1602. In the 1980s they staged "CERN lake," inspired by the ballet "Swan Lake"-and by the problems in digging the Large Electron Positron (LEP) collider's tu...

  20. Alain Chartier and the death of lyric language

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    Helen J. Swift

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The fifteenth-century poet Alain Chartier uses the courtly contexts of his lyric, narrative and debate poems as enabling fictions to support his interrogation of the validity of courtly language and his metapoetic questioning of the rhetoric of his own, inherited poetic discourse. This mise en question  is performed through several, interacting ironic strategies, which may most fruitfully be elucidated in terms of Linda Hutcheon's theory and politics of irony expounded in Irony's Edge (1994. Thus 'meta-ironically functioning signals', together with intertextual, 'relational' irony and the 'oppositional' irony constituted by his Belle Dame sans mercy's pro-ferninist discourse, articu­late Chartier's  esprit critique  regarding 'la,parole'  as both the general unit of human communica­tion and the specific resource of poetic creativity. A satirical reading of his ouvre enables us to appreciate how the rhetorical play in which Chartier engages functions as an indictment of the courtly code's hermeneutic disintegration: its obsolescence results from a divorce between ethics and aesthetics as its language has lost the capacity to mean.

  1. Eating One’s Way Through History: Food and Politics in Manuka Wijesinghe’s Monsoons and Potholes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Alonso Breto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper consists of an analysis of Monsoons and Potholes (2006, the first novel by Sri Lankan playwright Manuka Wijesinghe. Attention is paid to the ways in which the text articulates relations between personal stories, food, history and politics. Food plays a central role in some novels published in the last years by Sri Lankan authors, as is the case, for instance, with Yasmine Gooneratne’s A Change of Skies (1984 and Mary Ann Mohanraj’s Bodies in Motion (2005. Both these works elaborate metaphors of identity through the dominant trope of food-encompassing cooking and the rituals of consumption. In Monsoons and Potholes, food accompanies and illustrates the autobiographical account of a Sri Lankan youngster born in the early 1960s, and revisits the first twenty years in her life together with the socio-political up and downs in her country. While it is a novel which to a great extent draws on metaphors of myth and history, scenes of food and eating appear consistently throughout the narration, which contribute in providing a down-to-earth (and highly satirical version of the life of the Sinhala upper-middle classes during the period. These images of food (and the sets of rituals, beliefs and constrictions around it are exploited by the author with the aim to explore, understand and denounce the historical process which precipitated Sri Lanka, at the beginning of the 1980s, “on the road to nowhere”.

  2. Contribution of Ben Jonson to development of the English renaissance comedy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Slobodan D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ben Jonson’s Works, published in 1616, included all his comedies written that far, and meant an important precedent which helped to establish drama as literary kind comparable to the rest of literature. Before that date, drama was regarded as unworthy of the name of literature, and Jonson was the first to give it its new dignity. His comedies written after 1616 were usually published immediately after they were acted. Jonson’s theoretical interests were an expression of his intellectual aristocratism and his realistic temperament. He took pride in being able to create comedies according to the best scientific rules, and felt superior to those who made them by sheer talent. Jonson was the only theoretician among the English Renaissance dramatists, but although he was ready to fight for his rules, his application of them was broad and elastic. In his comedies there are many departures from classical models, often modified by his keen observation of everyday English life. The theory he adhered to was an abstract and rigid kind of realism, which in his practice was transformed by his gift of observation and his moral zeal into a truly realistic and satirical comic vision of life.

  3. La leadership politica in Italia alla luce della tradizione comica nazionale

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    Maria Pia Pozzato

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Political leadership in Italy in the light of the national comical traditionThis essay deals with humour and satire in politics. The issue of humour is contextualized within a wider cultural phenomenon called ‘show civilisation’ or ‘schermopolis’, i.e. the pervasiveness of screens in our everyday life. In doing so I will consider the role of new media and social networks in fostering the use of humour in political discourse. Next I will try to find a new framework for forms of popularity in politics by adapting to the current conjuncture the definitions given by Eric Landowsky at the end of the 1980s. Nowadays the politician-vedette is indeed the most popular form within the show civilisation phenomenon mentioned above. I will demonstrate that some Italian versions of this figure seem inspired by a rich Italian Comedy tradition. Finally, I will propose a number of hypotheses about the ways in which leaders obtain electoral consensus, for example through physical attractiveness, sympathy, and their ability to amuse people. In this perspective, a leader who is good for a laugh seems automatically a good leader.

  4. Ancora sulla coordinazione di indicative e congiuntivo nelle “Satire” dell'ariosto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Medici

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available In"Lingua nostra" (XLII, 1981, pp. 43-44 mi sono occupato degli aspetti linguistici ed espressivi dei casi di coordinazio­ ne   di indicativa e congiuntivo in proposizioni dipendenti, ri­ scontrati nelle satire di Ludovico Ariosto: essi, tutti, trova­ no conferma testuale nella recente edizione critica, a cura di Cesare Segre, pubblicata nella collana mondadoriana di tutte le opere ariostesche (vol. III, Hilano 1984. Qualcosa tuttavia si può ora aggiungere e osservare più largamente, tenendo canto dell' apparato posto a piè di pagina, che viene a dimostrare ancora una volta la possibilita (che qui si presenta anche come "variantistica" di usi alternativi di indicativa e congiun­tivo in determinati sintagmi, tendendosi nel nostro caso speci­ fico in genere, con la diversa o mutata lezione, a un pareggia­ mento modale con conseguente livellamento a scapito di funzioni o valori espressivi. Alla compresenza articolat.i dei modi diver­si, alla più generale tendenza al congiuntivo, ben è  affidata la "sottigliezza" formale, stilistica ed espressiva della poesia ariostesca.

  5. Acercamiento discursivo de Benjamín Saldaña Rocca y Manuel González Prada durante el boom del caucho peruano

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    Ana Varela Tafur

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the denunciatory discourse of Benjamin Saldaña Rocca in his newspapers La Sanción and La Felpa, published in Iquitos in 1907 and 1908. Julio César Arana, a Peruvian rubber baron and general manager of the Peruvian Amazon Company, PAC, was the principal target of the complaints of Saldaña Rocca. Socialist apologist, this acerbic journalist blamed Arana and his foremen for the crimes commited against the Indians in the rubber plantations s under his control located in the region of the rivers Putumayo and Caquetá. To fullfil his objectives, Saldaña used a variety of genres such as delations, oral testimony, satirical letrillas, letters, transcriptions and caricatures, which later served to other individuals in their accusations. These, finally, would lead to the economical collapse of Arana. I will show that the press of Saldaña Rocca presents an approach with the ideological postulates of Manuel González Prada, leading exponent of the anarchist movement, from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Because of his written legacy Saldaña Rocca could well be considered like one of the main and more daring defender of the human rights of the Amazonian indigenous peoples.

  6. The murga: voice and popular feeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franca Roibal Fernández

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Murga is, in its simplest terms, popular musical theater of Uruguayan Carnival, but in reality it is much more than this. It is theater, music, identity, myth, political criticism; it is the voice of the people. The murga is a group of popular musical theater whose members sing and act on various tablados –neighborhood makeshift stages– and it is the most political component of Uruguayan Carnival. The murga criticizes, satirizes and questions society, politicians and situations constantly, but it never defines itself as political nor theoretical. It is simply a form of popular art. It is a way to take the issues, which affect everyone, to the masses, to the tablados which are filled every night of Carnaval. During the dictatorship, which brought with it censorship of every sort, murgas were censored just like all artistic endeavors. However, murgas were able to subvert the censorship of their lyrics, permitting them to criticize the outrages and crimes of the government with the music itself. Although the political situation has now changed dramatically, the murga is still a necessary element of Uruguayan socio-political discourse. This article aims to summarize the history of Carnival in Uruguay and specifically the murga, as well as to analyze song lyrics from historically important shows from two different eras.

  7. “Con ojos americanos” y el cañamazo del “Lazarillo” (Un ejemplo de intertextualidad creativa / "With American Eyes" and the canvas of "Lazarillo" (An example of creative intertextuality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Martínez Ferrer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: este artículo pretende mostrar las concomitancias de diversa índole entre la novela Con ojos americanos y El Lazarillo de Tormes. Esos puntos de contacto, abundantes, se interpretan como resultado de un ejercicio de intertextualidad creativa. Afectan al punto de vista narrativo, la primera persona, como eje vertebrador de la narración, a la intención satírica y a otros materiales menudos del entramado narrativo. El protorrelato picaresco del Lazarillo sería el cañamazo sobre el que se dibuja, compleja y original, una andadura narrativa llena de humor e incitaciones, que provoca la sonrisa y la reflexión.Abstract: This article shows the concommittances of various sorts between the novel With American Eyes and Lazarillo de Tormes. Such points of contact, abundant, are interpreted as the result of an exercise in creative intertextuality. They concern the narrative point of view, the first person, as the backbone of the narrative, the satirical intention and other tiny materials of the narrative framework. The picaresque “protorrelato” of Lazarillo would be the canvas on which it is drawn, complex and original, a narrative journey full of humor and incitements, which brings a smile and reflection.

  8. Dark Humor in Sula%《秀拉》与黑色幽默

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静琼

    2012-01-01

    Dark humor is defined as a stylistic feature with irony at its core. The weapon for the powerless, dark humor always targets those in power. In Sula, Toni Morrison employs irony to satirize African American stereotypes established by racism and sexism. To survive, African Americans ann themselves with humor. Humor implies hope. The (dark) humor in Sula brings spiritual comfort to the victims of racism and sexism, strengthens the Bottom, the black community, challenges the grand narrative of the U.S. history, and proves an essential component of American humor.%黑色幽默是一种文体,反讽是其常用的技巧。黑色幽默是草根的武器,权势是黑色幽默的靶子。在《秀拉》中,莫里森采用反讽,嘲讽种族主义者设定的美国黑人刻板形象,条分缕析地抨击种族歧视和性别歧视。哪里有幽默,哪里就有希望。幽默不但令黑人取得了精神上的胜利,而且挑战美国官方历史的宏大叙事,更为美国幽默增添了多元视角。

  9. (IRReverently Telling the Otherness through Paratextual Narrative

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    Morosan Nicoleta-Loredana

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An inherent component of relocation narratives is the description of the protagonists’ process of building up their intercultural competence - whose range will vary from one expatriate narrator to another. Closely connected to all the four types of cultural intelligence (CQ, in general, and to the metacognitive CQ, in particular, the account of the sojourn in foreign lands conjures up a raft of reflections on what exactly gives one the sense of cultural belonging. Noticing the difference, analysing it, integrating or dismissing it are as many steps taken during/after cross-cultural interactions. This paper addresses the verbalisation of the cultural differences in accounts that sometimes embrace and other times reject them, by resorting to risqué language in snide remarks meant to perform an evaluation of the received ideas in relation to both the native and the host country of the expatriate. The corpus examined is the construction of the paratext prefiguring the spot-on satire comprised by the text.

  10. The scientific legacy of William Herschel

    CERN Document Server

    2018-01-01

    This book presents a modern scholarly analysis of issues associated with England’s most famous astronomer, William Herschel. The world’s leading experts on Herschel, discoverer of the planet Uranus, here offer their combined wisdom on many aspects of his life and astronomical research. Solar system topics include comets, Earth’s Moon, and the spurious moons of Uranus, all objects whose observation was pioneered by Herschel.  The contributors examine his study of the structure of the Milky Way and an in-depth look at the development of the front view telescopes he built. The popular subject of extraterrestrial life is looked at from the point of view of both William Herschel and his son John, both of whom had an interest in the topic. William’s personal development through the educational system of the late eighteenth-century is also explored, and the wide range of verse and satire in various languages associated with his discoveries is collected here for the first time. Hershel worked at a time of i...

  11. On the Use of Musical Instruments in Li He's Poems and Their Influence on Poetic Context%论李贺歌诗中的乐器运用及其对诗境的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴振华; 陈杨杨

    2016-01-01

    李贺歌诗中乐器运用纷繁复杂,分为“丝”“金”“竹”“匏”和“革”五类,其通过词性的融合、直接与间接搭配的艺术方法对乐器进行巧妙运用,并借助浪漫主义情调作点缀,谱出悲哀、喜悦、讽刺等多种音调,营造出幽奇冷艳的诗境,给人幽凄奇艳的艺术感受。%The use of musical instruments in Li He's poems is complex. The instruments can be classified into five types in terms of their raw materials: silk, gold, bamboo, lagenaria and leather. The flexible application of these musical instruments integrating with different parts of speech, direct and indirect artistic methods, and with the aid of romantic tone, reveal varied emotions and tones such as sadness, joy, satire. These elements help create a soothing and fabulously cold atmosphere, giving people astonishing artistic air of melancholy.

  12. Postmodernistiese tendense in Magersfontein, o Mogersfonfein! deur Etienne Leroux

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    M. J. Prins

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Post-modernist trends in Magersfontein, o Magersfontein! by Etienne Leroux The aim of this article is to prove that there are trends towards the radicalisation of certain tenets of modernism in Magersfontein, a Magersfontein! (1976 by Etienne Leroux. In the first instance, there are signs of what Brian McHale considers to be typical of postmodernism, namely epistemological uncertainty. Readers of this novel are confronted by a modernist shift from the idea of an objective rendering of an empirical reality towards a focus on the ways in which the individual consciousness p lays an active and projecting part in the formation of images of self and world. This shift is juxtaposed with an investigation into humanity's search of knowledge of the past The shift entails a modernist questioning of the objectivity of historical knowledge, an indication of the partisan way in which history can be dealt with, an emphasis on the relationship between different renderings of history and the legitimising of political power, as a result of which the novel tends towards postmodernism, at least as far as Wesseling's (1991 definition of this trend is concerned. At the same time the novel can be read as a satire on the way in which institutions like the state and the film industry are instrumental in the creation of "realities The images which are projected onto reality are often "prescribed" to the individual consciousness, a motif which is well-known in postmodernist fiction.

  13. The development and testing of the thermal break divertor monoblock target design delivering 20 MW m-2 heat load capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fursdon, M.; Barrett, T.; Domptail, F.; Evans, Ll M.; Luzginova, N.; Greuner, N. H.; You, J.-H.; Li, M.; Richou, M.; Gallay, F.; Visca, E.

    2017-12-01

    The design and development of a novel plasma facing component (for fusion power plants) is described. The component uses the existing ‘monoblock’ construction which consists of a tungsten ‘block’ joined via a copper interlayer to a through CuCrZr cooling pipe. In the new concept the interlayer stiffness and conductivity properties are tuned so that stress in the principal structural element of the component (the cooling pipe) is reduced. Following initial trials with off-the-shelf materials, the concept was realized by machined features in an otherwise solid copper interlayer. The shape and distribution of the features were tuned by finite element analyses subject to ITER structural design criterion in-vessel components (SDC-IC) design rules. Proof of concept mock-ups were manufactured using a two stage brazing process verified by tomography and micrographic inspection. Full assemblies were inspected using ultrasound and thermographic (SATIR) test methods at ENEA and CEA respectively. High heat flux tests using IPP’s GLADIS facility showed that 200 cycles at 20 MW m-2 and five cycles at 25 MW m-2 could be sustained without apparent component damage. Further testing and component development is planned.

  14. Fortissimus robore: Martin Krpan as a case of biblical reception

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    David Movrin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Martin Krpan z Vrha, written by Fran Levstik as a conscious experiment in prose-writing, has been interpreted variously during the last century and a half. The duel between a Slovenian peasant and a giant who comes to terrorise Vienna was in turn read by scholars as a political satire, the realisation of a literary and linguistic programme, a literary parody etc. Its motif was mostly interpreted with reference to Slavic folklore characters (Pegam and Lambergar, Prince Marko,peter Klepec etc.. The analysis according to the model devised by Vladimir Propp, however, shows striking similarities with Biblical story of David and Goliath (1 Sm 17. The reception of this motif is marked by significant political overtones, already present in antiquity and then interest­ ingly developed in places as diverse as sixteenth-century Florence, Prague, and the Netherlands. As attested by the sources, Levstik used this motif several limes; to a certain extent he even identi­ fied with its hero.

  15. Klaus Mann's Mephisto: A Secret Rivalry

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    Peter T. Hoffer

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Critics of the 1960s and 1970s have focused their attention on Klaus Mann's use of his former brother-in-law, Gustaf Gründgens, as the model for the hero of his controversial novel, Mephisto , while more recent critics have emphasized its significance as a work of anti-Fascist literature. This essay seeks to resolve some of the apparent contradictions in Klaus Mann's motivation for writing Mephisto by viewing the novel primarily in the context of his life and career. Although Mephisto is the only political satire that Klaus Mann wrote, it is consistent with his life-long tendency to use autobiographical material as the basis for much of his plot and characterization. Mann transformed his ambivalent feelings about Gründgens, which long antedated the writing of Mephisto , into a unique work of fiction which simultaneously expresses his indignation over the moral bankruptcy of the Third Reich and reveals his envy of Gründgens's career successes.

  16. Manufacturing and testing of reference samples for the definition of acceptance criteria for the ITER divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Visca, Eliseo; Cacciotti, E.; Libera, S.; Mancini, A.; Pizzuto, A.; Roccella, S.; Riccardi, B.; Escourbiac, F.; Sanguinetti, G.P.

    2010-01-01

    The most critical part of a high heat flux (HHF) plasma facing component (PFC) is the armour to heat sink joint. An experimental study was launched by EFDA in order to define the acceptance criteria to be used for the procurements of the ITER Divertor PFCs. ENEA is involved in the European International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) R and D activities and together with Ansaldo Ricerche S.p.A. has manufactured several PFCs mock-ups using the Hot Radial Pressing and Pre-Brazed Casting technologies. According to the technical specifications issued by EFDA, ENEA and Ansaldo have collaborated to manufacture half of the samples with calibrated artificial defects required for this experimental study. After manufacturing, the samples were examined by ultrasonic and SATIR non-destructive examination (NDE) methods in order to confirm the size and position of the artificial defects. In particular, it was concluded that defects are detectable with these NDE techniques and they finally gave indication about the threshold of propagation during high heat flux experiments relevant with heat fluxes expected in ITER Divertor. This paper reports the manufacturing procedure used to obtain the required calibrated artificial defects in the CFC and W armoured samples as well as the NDE results and the thermal high heat flux results.

  17. ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS REGARDING THE USE AND ABUSE OF IRONY

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    LIVIU IULIAN COCEI

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the ethical implications concerning the use of irony is not an easy task. Even though there are notable differences between the various ironical expressions, it looks like irony in general plays with people’s emotions. Ironically, it seems that it gets them together and pulls them apart at the same time. Thus, whether we refer to philosophical or rhetorical irony, it is hard to say when is it morally right to turn into ridicule. Therefore, in this paper, considering Linda Hutcheon`s view on the edge of irony and Richard Rorty`s neo-pragmatist philosophy, we analyze the moral limits of ironization. We emphasize that, in some cases, the difference between the use and the abuse of irony is cancelled, the limit between innocent irony and real offence being almost inexistent. For this reason, we claim that irony is acceptable only in a culture that is opened to all ironic modalities, such as satire, parody, caricature, pamphlet and even humor.

  18. Multinormativität in der Gelehrtenkultur? Versuche der Normierung »guter gelehrter Praxis« im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Füssel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available During the 17th and 18th centuries, the practices of learning were regulated by an informal »moral economy of knowledge«. Practices like fraud, plagiarism and symbolic claims to a superior social status were difficult to control and could not be handled by the law alone. Setting the norms for scholarly practices can thus serve as a case study for the workings of multinormativity in early modern societies. The deviant practices of scholars were addressed by religious norms, the ideals of courtly society and the emerging bourgeois society, and they were articulated in different media like satires, academic dissertations and moralizing pamphlets. The multinormativity of the discourse of scholarly vices was not compensatory but operated on different layers of normativity concerning both the sources of articulation and the origins of different norms. The paper traces in three steps how the norms of conduct of the learned were implemented. First, it discusses norms beyond the law, then it focuses on the jurist as an object of that normative order, and third it takes a look at the challenges of regulating practices of social distinction in juridical terms. Practices of self-fashioning beyond the limits of what was deemed acceptable were counted as misdemeanours but nevertheless were hard to sanctify. Grappling with that challenge became a multinormative project that offers new insights into the historicity of normative orders as well as orders of knowledge.

  19. The development and testing of the thermal break divertor monoblock target design delivering 20 MW m−2 heat load capability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fursdon, M; Barrett, T; Domptail, F; Evans, Ll M; Luzginova, N; Greuner, N H; You, J-H; Li, M; Richou, M; Gallay, F; Visca, E

    2017-01-01

    The design and development of a novel plasma facing component (for fusion power plants) is described. The component uses the existing ‘monoblock’ construction which consists of a tungsten ‘block’ joined via a copper interlayer to a through CuCrZr cooling pipe. In the new concept the interlayer stiffness and conductivity properties are tuned so that stress in the principal structural element of the component (the cooling pipe) is reduced. Following initial trials with off-the-shelf materials, the concept was realized by machined features in an otherwise solid copper interlayer. The shape and distribution of the features were tuned by finite element analyses subject to ITER structural design criterion in-vessel components (SDC-IC) design rules. Proof of concept mock-ups were manufactured using a two stage brazing process verified by tomography and micrographic inspection. Full assemblies were inspected using ultrasound and thermographic (SATIR) test methods at ENEA and CEA respectively. High heat flux tests using IPP’s GLADIS facility showed that 200 cycles at 20 MW m −2 and five cycles at 25 MW m −2 could be sustained without apparent component damage. Further testing and component development is planned. (paper)

  20. Micromégas: Altered Body-Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body-environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme - popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children's literature and philosophical satire - reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire's Micromégas, Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Caroll's Alice, and Matheson's The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space.

  1. Gender, Humour and Transgression in Canadian Women’s Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meisner Natalie

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Are humour and laughter gender-specific? The simple answer, like most everything that is ideological, is “yes”. Many feminists in recent years have grappled with the question of humour and how it is often the site of much contestation when it comes to women using it as a tool of transgression. This paper probes the seemingly timeless antipathy between humour and representations of femininity through recourse to performance and theories of the body. This article holds the term “woman” up to scrutiny while simultaneously examining the persistence of both critical and philosophical recalcitrance and the way humour continues to function in both gendered and violent ways. How does gender “do” or “undo” humour? Laughter is no simple matter for women, due to the legacy of profoundly polarized and hyper-sexualized historical ambivalence between femininity and laughter. Acknowledging the problematic nature of the category “woman”, and after clearing some terminological distinctions (comedy, humour, irony, satire, and parody, this article investigates humour’s complicated and volatile relationship to gender and the way the laughing body of women on stage presents a fascinating double helix of sexual aggression and power

  2. Data combination of infrared thermography images and lock-in thermography images for NDE of plasma facing components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moysan, J.; Gueudre, C.; Corneloup, G.; Durocher, A.

    2006-01-01

    A pioneering activity has been developed by CEA and the European industry in the field of actively cooled high heat flux plasma facing components (PFC) from the very beginning of Tore Supra project. These components have been developed in order to enable a large power exhaust capability. The goal of this study is to improve the Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE) of these components. The difficulty encountered is the evaluation of the junction between a carbon and a metallic substrate. This was even more difficult when complex designs have to be implemented. A first NDE solution was based on the so called SATIR test. The method is based on infrared measurements of tile surface temperatures during a thermal transient produced by hot/cold water flowing in the heat sink cooling channel. In order to improve the definition of acceptance rules for the PFCs, a second NDE method based on Lock-in Thermography is developed. In this work we present how we can combine the two resulting images in order to accept or to reject a component. This prospective study allows improving the experimental setup and the definition of acceptance criteria. The experimental study was conducted on trial components for the Wendelstein 7X stellarator. The conclusions will also influence future non destructive projects dedicated to the ITER project. (orig.)

  3. Experimental activity on the definition of acceptance criteria for the ITER divertor plasma facing components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escourbiac, F.; Constans, S.; Vignal, N.; Cantone, V.; Richou, M.; Durocher, A.; Riccardi, B.; Bobin, I.; Jouvelot, J.L.; Merola, M.

    2009-01-01

    Tens of thousands of armor/heat sink joints will be produced by the industry during the manufacturing of ITER divertor PFC, statistically, there is a probability that joints with defects be delivered. The purpose of this paper is to study the detection and evolution during operation of calibrated defects artificially implemented on samples, as an experimental basis for the definition of acceptance criteria for the bond armor/heat sink in the frame of industrial manufacturing conditions.It was found that current CFC monoblock design option was compatible with the heat loads specified at the lower part of the vertical target (up to 20 MW/m 2 ), including the presence of armor/heat sink defects (up to 50 deg. extension for a location at 0 deg. or 45 deg.) detectable with NDE techniques developed in Europe (US, SATIR). The current W monoblock design appeared suitable for the upper part of the vertical target with defects extension up to 50 deg. but is not adapted for heat flux of 20 MW/m 2 . The studied W flat tile design proved to be compatible with fluxes of 5 MW/m 2 but unable to sustain cycling fluxes of 10 MW/m 2 .

  4. Cyberpuppets:The Marxist discourse and the collision between the public and private sphere in Alex Rivera’s films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Suppia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze a possible Marxist discourse and how technologies of telepresence favor the collision of the public and private sphere in Alex Rivera’s films Why Cybraceros? and Sleep Dealer. Why Cybraceros? is a mockumentary based on the American Bracero Program, which was put in practice during World War II. This short film satirizes the 1940s American policy for foreign workers with the ideals of homeoffice working and remote technology, devising a tragicomic dystopia in which Mexican labourers are exploited in their own country. Sleep Dealer enhances this dystopia in a 2008 science fiction feature film. Regarded as a kind of “Latin American Matrix”, Sleep Dealer’s speculative dystopia sets further debates in terms of alienation, reification, global capital, the impact of technology on everyday life, and social relations mediated by technologies of telepresence. Thus, Sleep Dealer’s dystopia proposes the implosion of the individual, private sphere, in as much as the working time invades the personal time for intimacy, leisure and cultural practices. Memories can be exploited as merchandise, whereas misery and violence are sold as mass entertainment

  5. The cult of amphioxus in German Darwinism; or, our gelatinous ancestors in Naples' blue and balmy bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopwood, Nick

    2015-01-01

    Biologists having rediscovered amphioxus, also known as the lancelet or Branchiostoma, it is time to reassess its place in early Darwinist debates over vertebrate origins. While the advent of the ascidian-amphioxus theory and challenges from various competitors have been, documented, this article offers a richer account of the public appeal of amphioxus as a primitive ancestor. The focus is on how the 'German Darwin' Ernst Haeckel persuaded general magazine and newspaper readers to revere this "flesh of our flesh and blood of our blood", and especially on Das neue Laienbrevier des Haeckelismus (The new lay breviary of Haeckelism) by Moritz Reymond with cartoons by Fritz Steub. From the late 1870s these successful little books of verse introduced the Neapolitan discoveries that made the animal's name and satirized Haeckel's rise as high priest of its cult. One song is reproduced and translated here, with a contemporary "imitation" by the Canadian palaeontologist Edward John Chapman, and extracts from others. Predating the American "It's a long way from amphioxus" by decades, these rhymes dramatize neglected 'species politics' of Darwinism and highlight the roles of humour in negotiating evolution.

  6. Al sietmen de lui…: Perspektiewe op boere en boerejolyt in enkele Nederlandse en Afrikaanse gedigte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. van Zyl

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Though one sees the people… (one does not therefore know them: Perspectives on farmers and boorish festivity in a number of Dutch and Afrikaans poems A selection of a few Dutch and Afrikaans poems from, inter alia, the seventeenth, nineteenth and early twentieth century, share so many characteristics in their combination of the subjects “farmer” (“boer” and “feast”, that in this article the question is raised whether these stereotypes form part of a relatively fixed traditional topic or “storehouse” of conventions. Each poem utilizes colloquial language, diminutives and nicknames in the depiction of a dance party in a rural setting – an event characterized by immoderate behaviour, particularly regarding love-making and the use of liquor. More recent Afrikaans poems (written within a context where the initially negative term “Boer” has been transfigured positively due to the expansion of Afrikaner-Nationalist power satirize other aspects, like status and wealth instead of backwardness, but it seems as if excess and transgression are still associated with “boer” in combination with festivity. The concept of farmer often functions as the Other in these poems, in binary opposition to the narrator.

  7. De la risa a carcajadas al mal ejemplo quijotesco en la novela del XVIII. Don Quijote de la Manchuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agapita Jurado Santos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Don Quixote rapidly became a huge success. It was translated into several languages and reworked into genres with a festive and theatrical nature. In Spain, during the seventeenth century, its comic side was exploited, which provoked liberating laughter that, in France, led to its association with the satire genre. In the eighteenth century, the novel was considered a minor genre, of no educational value. The century began with a fierce controversy over the meaning of Cervantes’ work, since according to Rapin, some readers would have seen a mockery of the Spanish nobility in the insane gentleman. However, during the eighteenth century the first steps were taken to reappraise Don Quixote due to its acceptance as a classic by the Spanish Royal Academy in 1780. The Academy considered Don Quixote a mocking and didactic hero, a bad example to be avoided. Yet, the work was an important step in the construction of a new genre, the novel. Don Quijote de la Manchuela, by Donato de Arenzana (1767, reflects an attentive reading of Cervantes’ Don Quixote, and special attention to the neoclassical cannon. Therefore it can provide useful information about writers’ interests, in the preromantic eighteenth century.

  8. Beyond the walls of the lunatic asylum: Christopher Hope’s early fiction

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    F. Wood

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines an under-explored aspect of Christopher Hope’s early fiction: its capacity to suggest the potential for imaginative and psychological freedom through its comic, carnivalesque qualities. Hope produced various novels and stories set in South Africa during the 1950s and 1960s, including A Separate Development (1981, Black Swan (1987 and the short story collection Learning to Fly (1990. It is argued that Hope’s vision in these works tends to be perceived as essentially satirical, ultimately limited by bleakness and pessimism; while the carnivalesque, potentially liberatory aspects of his writing tend to be overlooked. By utilising comic and carnivalesque features Hope’s work indeed offers creative, liberated ways of apprehending reality. Mikhail Bakhtin’s discussion of the ability of the carnivalesque to open up new ways of seeing, through the “nonofficial” versions of reality that it proffers, is particularly relevant in this regard. It is argued that this latter aspect of Hope’s work is especially significant, bearing in mind the sense of constraint and confinement that seemed to dominate much of South African fiction during the apartheid era and that still remains a key concern in many postapartheid novels.

  9. Resistance and Sovereignty in Some Recent Australian Indigenous Women’s Novels

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    Carole Ferrier

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2016v69n2p17 In Australia, powerful stories expressing resistance to a white, postcolonising hegemony continue to be articulated in Indigenous women’s fictional texts, including those from the 1990s onwards that are discussed in this paper. Their particular historically-distinctive mode of satire or irony challenges postcolonising regimes and institutions, the legacy of colonialism, and the persisting dominance of whiteness. These more recent texts continue a central preoccupation of the earlier fiction by Indigenous women with the achievement of agency in contexts of unequal social and economic  power; marginalised characters engage with current questions and conditions. The paper considers how these fictions represent some aspects of Aboriginal separation from land and place; separation from families; outsider and outcast identities, and how far these continue to mean disempowerment; Indigenous people’s epistemological relationships with their land and bodies of water, and the question of sovereignty in relation to Country and environment.

  10. The power of laughter: humor, violence and consensus in New Spain. 17th and 18th centuries

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    Sonya Lipsett-Rivera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Joking and teasing permeated all aspects of life in New Spain. Using court records from Mexico City and its surrounding communities, this article explores the ways that laughter was deployed within New Spain’s culture of masculinity. Humor was both a means for to relate to each other but also to mark differences. It was a normal part of the day to day interactions of men in New Spain between friends who joked and teased but it could also fall flat when one person did not have the right tone. Yet the border between joking and insulting comments was imprecise and thus often led to conflicts. Laughter brought people together when they were of the same social class but when it was used in an offensive manner, it was transformed into a weapon to assert social distance. Such humor was also part of seductions and similarly had political overtones when it was used in satirical songs. Humor brought people together and created groups of insiders and outsiders. Laughter was a powerful tool within social interactions and provides an alternate way to understand the culture of masculinity in colonial Mexico.

  11. The Myth of the Cannibal, Mimesis and Social Criticism in Como era gostoso o meu francês (1971.

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    Roberto Ponce Cordero

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Como era gostoso o meu francés is a 1971 Brazilian film. Directed by Nelson Pereira dos Santos, it adapts chronicles by old explorers from the 16th century who were imprisoned by native peoples of what is now Brazil. Thus, it deals with topics such as cannibalism, the attraction that the “savage” life had on the “civilized” subject, and the performative character of sacrificial rituals. In this article, we start by looking at the differences between the historical (and proto-historical sources inspiring this film. We maintain that these differences, and the conscious decision to change certain aspects of the narratives on which the movie is based, show that he did not intend to portray an otherwise fictitious past (cannibalism in the Americas. Rather, these differences turn this film into a political satire directed at 1971 Brazil, as well as into a comment on colonial difference and on the strategies employed by the colonized in order to mock the colonizer by performing his worst fears about the Other.

  12. Social and political perceptions of the Borat phenomenon in Kazakhstan: evidence from a case study of university students

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    Donnacha Ó Beacháin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article begins by chronicling and evaluating the reaction of the government of Kazakhstan to Sacha Baron Cohen’s film Borat—Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan. It then compares and contrasts the official government reaction with the expressed attitudes of local members of Kazakhstan’s young English-speaking elites. This study is based on the results of a survey of almost five hundred young university students conducted in March 2007 at the Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research (KIMEP, the most prestigious university in the country. The sample gives a snapshot of those most likely to have been aware of Borat – the young, internet-savvy, educated urban elite – and inter alia provides insights into how respondents in Kazakhstan thought the movie impacted their country and would influence how they were treated abroad. The survey results suggest that while responses to Borat were heterogeneous, most students accepted that the choice of Kazakhstan as a target for satire was coincidental rather than conspiratorial. Despite official efforts to ban the movie, a majority of the respondents had seen the film and believed that the ban was a mistake. Also, while recognising that Borat would raise Kazakhstan’s profile in the world, respondents doubted it would increase knowledge, and some feared a change in their treatment when travelling abroad.

  13. A Hashtag Worth a Thousand Words: Discursive Strategies Around #JeNeSuisPasCharlie After the 2015 Charlie Hebdo Shooting

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    Fabio Giglietto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Following a shooting attack by two self-proclaimed Islamist gunmen at the offices of French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo on 7 January 2015, there emerged the hashtag #JeSuisCharlie on Twitter as an expression of solidarity and support for the magazine’s right to free speech. Almost simultaneously, however, there was also #JeNeSuisPasCharlie explicitly countering the former, affirmative hashtag. Based on a multimethod analysis of 74,047 tweets containing #JeNeSuisPasCharlie posted between 7 and 11 January, this article reveals that users of the hashtag under study employed various discursive strategies and tactics to challenge the mainstream framing of the shooting as the universal value of freedom of expression being threatened by religious extremism, while protecting themselves from the risk of being viewed as disrespecting victims or endorsing the violence committed. The significance of this study is twofold. First, it extends the literature on strategic speech acts by examining how such acts take place in a social media context. Second, it highlights the need for a multidimensional and reflective methodology when dealing with data mined from social media.

  14. Varalica uzvraća pogled: rekonceptualizacija drugog u djelima suvremenog indijanskog umjetnika Jamesa Lune

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    Sanja Runtić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the use of humor in the work of Luiseno artist James Luna. Utilizing the media of performance, photography and installation, using himself as the object of representation, Luna has created a recognizable artistic style that addresses the complex issues of American Indian identity and representation. His installations The End of the Frail (1990-91 and The Artifact Piece (1987, 1990 both point at the constructed nature of Native identity. Whereas the former employs satire, self-stereotyping, parody and humor to expose and confront the colonial myths, distorted attitudes and pictographic representations of Native Americans, the latter addresses the issues of Native absence and invisibility in the dominant culture. Representing himself as an artifact to provoke laughter, shock and discomfort, in The Artifact Piece Luna clearly disclosed the relationship between Western institutions of knowledge and the culture of the spectacle. Both installations draw attention to the tie between imperialism and material forms of production and representation, indicating the still ongoing institutional investment in Native allegorization through commodification and scientific practices, the fact that even today Native American identity is compromised by the colonial discourse and its disciplinary practices and imagination. Using Bhabha’s concepts of mimicry and hybridity, Bakhtin’s theory of humor and Vizenor’s trickster holotrope, our analysis discusses the subversive potential of Luna’s auto-ethnographic project, its potential to deconstruct the meta-narratives of Otherness and colonization, and create new spaces for social dialogue and cultural survival.

  15. “Jeter à la face de son siècle le plus excessif outrage" La critique d'art de Joris-Karl Huysmans, une démarche décadente

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    Aude Jeannerod

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Although Joris-Karl Huysmans is mostly known for his famous novel À Rebours (1884, his first steps as a writer were made in art criticism, with an article published in La Revue mensuelle about the landscape painters at the Exposition Universelle that took place in Paris in 1867. From then on, his work as an art critic often echoed his novels, expressing the same views on aesthetics and civilisation. This article discusses to what extent Huysmans's art criticism during the eighteen-eighties comes under the Decadence and an aesthetic of transgression, as well as À Rebours does. Indeed, the art critic promotes a renewal of French painting which would transgress all the prevailing policies. Furthermore, Huysmans himself breaks the laws in various ways: he violates aesthetic rules by blaming academism and standing up for independent painters; he oversteps moral boundaries asserting that art has nothing to do with morality; he infringes social standards by satirizing the bourgeoisie. On numerous occasions, Huysmans uses the transgressive power of humour to show his contempt for the constraints of tradition and his hatred toward his time.

  16. Bybelse inspirasie in die poësie van ’n Hugenoot: A. D ’A ubigné

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    M. J. H. du Plessis

    1981-03-01

    Full Text Available The origin of the “Tragiques” of Agrippa d'Auhigni is to be sought in the poet's personal involvement in the religious struggle of the late sixteenth century in France. He experiences as a sense of vocation the need to give poetic expression to the struggle as seen from the Huguenot point of view. The “Tragiques”, an epic in seven books, portrays not only the historical events, but is also polemical and satirical in nature, where the Catholic Church is represented as the enemy of the nation, the handmaiden of Satan. 7 his reformatory epic therefore has as historical basis the religious wars which hare to be interpreted analogically with the experiences of the nation of Israel in the Old Testament. It is an application and interpretation of biblical events in terms of contemporary events. The central theme is the reformatory concept of "... go away, leave Babylon'’ (Luther, added to the promise of a promised land (the promise to A braham in Genesis 15. The Huguenot becomes the elect, the one who has to bring the message oj salvation, and he is the one who has been granted mercy as the bearer of the Scriptures as the only Way to Christ. In this message the author is like the biblical prophet who has to translate the word into action, and the poetry springs from his own experience in the midst of the struggle.

  17. Manufacturing and testing of reference samples for the definition of acceptance criteria for the ITER divertor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Visca, Eliseo, E-mail: visca@frascati.enea.i [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Frascati (Italy); Cacciotti, E.; Libera, S.; Mancini, A.; Pizzuto, A.; Roccella, S. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Frascati (Italy); Riccardi, B., E-mail: Bruno.Riccardi@f4e.europa.e [Fusion For Energy, Barcelona (Spain); Escourbiac, F., E-mail: frederic.escourbiac@iter.or [ITER Organization, Cadarache (France); Sanguinetti, G.P., E-mail: gianpaolo.sanguinetti@aen.ansaldo.i [Ansaldo Energia S.p.A., Genova (Italy)

    2010-12-15

    The most critical part of a high heat flux (HHF) plasma facing component (PFC) is the armour to heat sink joint. An experimental study was launched by EFDA in order to define the acceptance criteria to be used for the procurements of the ITER Divertor PFCs. ENEA is involved in the European International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) R and D activities and together with Ansaldo Ricerche S.p.A. has manufactured several PFCs mock-ups using the Hot Radial Pressing and Pre-Brazed Casting technologies. According to the technical specifications issued by EFDA, ENEA and Ansaldo have collaborated to manufacture half of the samples with calibrated artificial defects required for this experimental study. After manufacturing, the samples were examined by ultrasonic and SATIR non-destructive examination (NDE) methods in order to confirm the size and position of the artificial defects. In particular, it was concluded that defects are detectable with these NDE techniques and they finally gave indication about the threshold of propagation during high heat flux experiments relevant with heat fluxes expected in ITER Divertor. This paper reports the manufacturing procedure used to obtain the required calibrated artificial defects in the CFC and W armoured samples as well as the NDE results and the thermal high heat flux results.

  18. Tommaso Pincio and the paper world

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    Franco Zangrilli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ottavio Tondi, the main character of Tommaso Pincio’s last novel, Panorama (NN Editore, 2015, works as a literary consultant for influential publishing houses. Described as an isolated person, epitome of the intellectual-writer able to see his own crisis and, so far, the crisis of his historic moment, Ottavio oscillates between the distant relationship with a woman, Ligeia, whom he doesn’t know in person, and his resigned rejection of life in society, trying to remain, as a new Don Quixote, as a “pure reader”. Offering a critical view of trending writers, of those vain and egoistic “divos” always in the heart of mass media, the novel builds up a very large number of topics, such as the reflection about reading considered as a mythic, intimate and sacred ritual, as well as the limits of translation, an incisive satire of the nowadays journalism or the condition of our decadent society, in the hands of an alienating and impersonal technology that have finally changed personal relationships through the use of online social networking services.

  19. [Aspects of senile dementia in ancient Rome: literary fiction and factual reality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moog, Ferdinand Peter; Schäfer, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Old people and their pecularities have been the object of writers since the beginning of Western literature. The aim of this study is to verify the social and juridical significance of senile dementia in ancient Rome. Among the few relevant sources the 10th satire of Juvenal attracts attention. It describes a demented patient who revises his succession in favour of a lady with bad reputation. Logically, we wonder whether such dispositions were possible and after all legally binding. Or did Juvenal exaggerate? A look at the Roman legislation shows: Since the Twelve Tablet Law there were instruments to control or to help demented people. This meant care in the sense of the today's curatorship or guardianship. These measures were supposed to prevent extravagancy or doing business and legal acts like marriages or last wills in the state of diminished responsibility. Nevertheless, it must be assumed that there was a considerable discrepancy between juridical theory and daily practice, because the position of the "pater familias" was virtually untouchable, the individual freedom of the full citizen was firmly underlined and the Roman civil law allowed only little executive interferences. Juvenal's bizarre example should not only be taken as good literary fiction. It might reflect the sad, but nevertheless probable reality of the people directly concerned. Apart from that it has to be said that senile dementia played only a minor role in Roman legislation. Mainly because there were considerably less very old people--and in particular people with senile dementia--than today.

  20. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

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    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize Abstract The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two “heroes” of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  1. Adolescent Perceptions of Animation Violence as an Indication of Aggressive Attitudes and Behaviors

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    Rosemary V. Barnett

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This reported study was designed to examine the beliefs and perceptions of adolescents on whether or not viewing violence on television contributes to an increase in adolescents’ abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. It also explored the effects humor and satire used in the animated television series The Simpsons has on adolescents’ abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. Finally, it examined to what extent the violence portrayed in The Simpsons was believed to be realistic and justified by adolescents viewing the show. Results indicate that adolescents were not affected by the violence they observed in The Simpsons animation: Further, they did not feel that it was acceptable for their favorite characters to use violence to solve problems. Youth did not have reactions to viewing the series that were violent, nor did they report becoming aggressive in response to viewing the violence on the The Simpsons. While the majority of the youth also reported that they did not use violence to solve a problem, 3.3% reported that they did. Overall, the study concluded that adolescents’ exposure to violent content by viewing it in animation in The Simpsons did not affect adolescents’ perceptions of their abilities to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors. Youth did not perceive that the violence portrayed was realistic.

  2. The 'Bollywoodization' of Popular Indian Visual Culture: A Critical Perspective

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    Keval Joseph Kumar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The roots of popular visual culture of contemporary India can be traced to the  mythological films which D. G. Phalke provided audiences during the decades of the ‘silent’ era (1912-1934.  The ‘talkies era of the 1930s ushered in the ‘singing’ /musical genre which together with Phalke’s visual style, remains the hallmark of Bollywood cinema. The history of Indian cinema is replete with films made in other genres and styles (e.g. social realism, satires, comedies, fantasy, horror, stunt in the numerous languages of the country; however, it’s the popular Hindi cinema (now generally termed ‘Bollywood’ that has dominated national Indian cinema and its audiovisual culture and hegemonized the entire film industry as well as other popular technology-based art forms including the press, radio, television,  music, advertising, the worldwide web,  the social media, and telecommunications media. The form and substance of these modern art forms, while adapting to the demands of the new media technologies, continued to be rooted in the visual arts and practices of folk and classical traditions of earlier times.

  3. Available means: manifestations of Aristotle's three modes of rhetorical appeal in antinuclear fiction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mannix, P.J.

    1986-01-01

    The abundance of sympathetic scientists, military men and clergymen in antinuclear fiction reflects a public perception that authorities speak most knowledgeably about an issue. Other antinuclear works employ characters with less traditional ethical appeals: nurturing women, vital youths, and even infallible computers. Antinuclear fiction uses enthymeme and example to reflect the history of the nuclear weapons debate. Some works attach the immorality of the weapons by examining the moral dilemmas of nuclear scientists. Others admit the permanence of the nuclear threat. By arousing emotions, fiction is capable of mobilizing its audience's active support for the ideas it presents. The principal emotions that various antinuclear works arouse highlight the close relationship between literature and rhetoric. The most dominant emotions, pity and fear, are the two Aristotle links to tragedy. Scorn, the principal emotion that Dr. Strangelove arouses - is the crucial emotion on which all satire depends. However, the other principal emotion in anti-nuclear fiction - hope - has principally a rhetorical function ensuring that the feelings the works provoke will be channeled constructively.

  4. Representações cômicas da República no contexto do Getulismo

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    Elio Chaves Flores

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analiso as representações cômicas e discursivas da República e a trajetória política de Getúlio Vargas, a partir de uma narrativa que se assenta no método regressivo. Para isso, trabalhei com uma série de caricaturas publicadas em jornais e revistas na duração entre 1930 e 1954, confrontando a intertextualidade dessas imagens com alguns discursos satíricos e irônicos produzidos por memorialistas. Procuro demonstrar que há semelhança entre a inversão humorística e a textualidade da memória, quando inventam a respeito de seu tempo e dos outros imagens verossímeis.This article analyses the comic and discursive representations of the Brazilian Republic and Getúlio Vargas’ political career, starting from a narrative constructed in the regressive method. For that, I worked with a series of cartoons published in newspapers and magazines in the span of time between 1954 and 1930, matching the intertextuality of these images with some of the satiric and ironic speeches produced by witnesses. It is demonstrated there is likeness between the comic inversion and the textuality of the memory, when they invent concerning their time and other ones, the verisimilitude of the images.

  5. Jeanette Winterson’s The Stone Gods: A Postmodern Warning

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    Zekiye Antakyalıoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Jeanette Winterson attempts to provoke a new consciousness of existence in her 2007 novel The Stone Gods and stir the masses to re-evaluate the human condition under the encroaching shadow of death awaiting our mother earth. The Stone Gods can be read as the continuation of her 2005 novel Weight where she already implied an alternative perception of space/universe. Along with its apparent postmodern tissue, The Stone Gods offers a lament for the human condition which is acutely suffering from the deprivation of dreams, future hopes and sense of reality on one hand, the ongoing corruption of our ecological system on the other. In the novel the citizens of Orbus (an unknown future world are presented as dehumanized figures for whom “age is only an information failure” stemming from the body’s loss of fluency, nerve disconnection and cell mutation occuring in DNA nucleus.This paper aims at analysing how Winterson detects the postmodern superficiality, obsession with appearance, lack of hope, memory and conscience in The Stone Gods which, contrary to being a postmodern text, concentrates on giving a moral message with its satiric as well as parodic double voice about the changing experience of ageing for man and mother earth in the new millenium

  6. A list of personal perspectives with selected quotations, along with lists of tributes, historical notes, Nobel and Kettering awards related to photosynthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krogmann, David W

    2002-01-01

    The history of photosynthesis research can be found in original papers and books. However, a special history is available from the prefatory chapters and the personal perspectives of various researchers who published them in several journals over the last 40 years. We have compiled a list of such perspectives published since 1964. Selection is not easy, especially of authors who were not directly engaged in photosynthesis research; some are included for their special insights related to central issues in the study of photosynthesis. Our journal, Photosynthesis Research, contains other valuable historic data in the occasional tributes, obituaries and historical notes, that have been published. Lists of these items are included. This article ends by listing the Nobel prizes related to photosynthesis and the Kettering Awards for Excellence in Photosynthesis Research. Wherever possible, a web page address is provided. The web page addresses have been taken from the article 'Photosynthesis and the Web: 2001' by Larry Orr and Govindjee, available at http://www.life.uiuc.edu/govindjee/photoweb and at http://photoscience.la.asu.edu/photosyn/ photoweb/default.html.When I find a bit of leisureI trifle with my papers.This is one of the lesserfrailities.'- Horace, Satires I, IV.

  7. The President's Physician: An African Play : Emmanuel Babatunde Omobowale, 2004, All Saints' Publishers (Ibadan, 978-978-37727-3-1, 77 pp.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayaki, Joseph Ajagunmolu

    2017-12-01

    This review examines issues relating to biomedical ethics and literature in the African drama The President's Physician by Emmanuel Babatunde Omobowale. The play investigates the psychological dilemma of Doctor Bituki Warunga, a personal physician to General Kalunga Ntibantunganyah who brutally and inhumanely rules Wavaria, a fictional African country. The doctor is faced with deciding to uphold the ethics of his profession versus terminating the tyrant's life to set the nation free. The play aims to help budding medical doctors rightly inculcate the principles of medical ethics-autonomy, beneficence, competence, and power-by providing a fictional platform to investigate difficult issues that can arise in clinical practice. The play highlights Warunga's complex dilemma as he struggles to uphold the Hippocratic Oath and at the same time satisfy his conscience towards his contribution to his country's freedom. This review explores the difficulties in decision-making when professional duties not only clash with personal preferences but also with the well-being of an entire nation. This discussion is done alongside the ethical concept of utilitarianism and also highlights significant literary concepts such as satire, symbolism, intertextuality, utopian aesthetics, and authorial vision as conveyed in the text.

  8. Traditionalism as Source of Change: Ola Rotimi Kurunmi as an Epitome

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    S. J. Ayodabo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ola Rotimi Kurunmi has generally been classified as a tragedy, historical play, postcolonial text, satire etc. Such general classifications have limited the analyses of the play to thematic thoughts such as cultural clash, postcolonial disillusionment, and its understanding as an emblem of the Greek dramatic tradition. For this reason, this paper examines the issue of traditionalism in the play centering on the faithfulness of the writer in utilizing actual historical materials and personalities of the 19th century Yoruba war between Ijaye and Ibadan armies (in Nigeria and its implication on the general sensibility of the society. The paper examines the role of the major character of the play, Kurunmi, as a traditionalist and how his display of epic heroism helps produce resounding themes of socio-cultural relevance. It argues that a conscious reading of the personalities, attributes, and egos of Kurunmi as a traditionalist would make the reader have the privilege of having a real sense of the complex nature of Kurunmi character rather than seeing him as a prototype of a Greek tragic hero.

  9. Les dissidentes baptistes à travers les livres d’Église du xviie siècle anglais

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    Anne Dunan-Page

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une étude de quelques livres d’Église tenus par des communautés dissidentes baptistes dans la seconde moitié du xviie siècle. Ces livres ont été souvent négligés par les historiens étant donnée la nature lacunaire des informations qu’ils contiennent et leur diversité générique. Après un survol de la littérature de controverse et des nombreuses satires à l’encontre des dissidentes, nous montrons comment cette littérature peut être nuancée grâce aux informations contenues dans les livres d’Église manuscrits. Certains historiens ont développé une vision optimiste des multiples opportunités offertes aux dissidentes dans les assemblées séparatistes. Les livres d’Église présentent des preuves appelant à une révision de cette position. À travers des analyses du rôle des femmes et des rares cas où elles étaient autorisées à s’exprimer devant les assemblées, se révèlent une extrême résistance et un fort conservatisme à l’égard de la parole féminine de la part des pasteurs et des anciens. Même au sein des communautés dissidentes qui pourtant réservaient un accueil favorable aux femmes, ces dernières ne parvenaient pas toujours à braver les interdits bibliques concernant la prise de parole dans l’Église.  This article examines some early Baptist Church Books from the second half of the seventeenth century. They have been generally neglected by historians because the records they contain are often imperfect, and the nature of the information varies so much from one book to the next. After a general presentation of the pamphlet and satirical literature published against dissenting women, I show how this literature may be read in the light of the manuscript Church Books. In recent years, other kinds of evidence have encouraged historians towards a more optimistic view of women’s opportunities in the Baptist Churches. The Church Books present a much more sobering picture

  10. "¡Y NO SE RÍEN DE ESTE LESO PORQUE ES DUEÑO DE MILLONES!": EL ASEDIO CÓMICO Y POPULAR DE JUAN RAFAEL ALLENDE A LA BURGUESÍA CHILENA DEL SIGLO XIX

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    Maximiliano Salinas Campos

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La historia de las elites decimonónicas ha sido contada como la historia de un Olimpo tan elevado e inalcanzable como serio. Juan Rafael Allende logró en el mismo siglo XIX crear un mundo paralelo si no alternativo que derribó tanta sospechosa sublimidad. El gran autor satírico se hizo cargo del habla histórica de la plebe chilena que provenía en alguna medida de la Picaresca española de los siglos XVI y XVII con su anticlericalismo y su anticapitalismo visceral y carnavalesco. Prolongando este mundo al siglo XIX Allende lo convirtió en una dinamita contra la gravedad del Estado y del Mercado `en forma'. En particular, fueron atacados insignes representantes de la burguesía chilena como Eduardo Matte, Manuel José Irarrázaval, Agustín Edwards, Julio Zegers o Federico Varela. Ellos habían creado una nueva religión del dinero que Allende se apresuró a denunciar como una burda parodia del Dios cristiano. Había nacido en el país un nuevo credo, el "credo de los salitreros". El origen del pensamiento satírico de Allende tiene larguísimas raíces de las que no podemos obviar, además de la mencionada Picaresca, la tradición de la España hispano-árabe, que se rió de ricos y magnates en el mejor espíritu del Libro del Buen Amor y sus antecedentes musulmanesThe history of Chile's 19th-century elites has been narrated as an Olympian story: lofty, unreachable and grave. During the same century, writer Juan Rafael Allende managed to create a parallel, if not alternative world which demolished such suspect sublimity. The great satiric author appropriated Chile´s historic plebeian speech, somehow descended from the Spanish picaresque of the 16th and 17th centuries, adopting its visceral and carnival-like anti-clericalism and anti-capitalism. Projecting this mode into the 19th century, Allende turned it into a weapon to be used against the gravitas of the formal Market and State. In particular, his attacks were leveled against renowned

  11. Perspectivas sobre la comunicación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Existen diversas teorías, enfoques y modelos de comunicación; de cada uno de ellos pueden rescatarse aspectos de gran valor para el logro de una comunicación eficaz. Este documento presenta una revisión de esos aspectos, para que se pueda comprender mejor y enriquecer uno de los procesos más importantes para el ser humano: el proceso de comunicación. Este es un ensayo en el cual se da a conocer la posición de la autora sobre el tema abordado. Se rescata el acento del enfoque humanista en la relación humana y en las etapas donde se desarrolla. A partir de la comunicación pragmática, se analizan los axiomas comunicacionales en que se fundamenta y lo que se conoce como patologías de esos axiomas. Además se revisan las principales características que distinguen la asertividad en la comunicación y las distintas formas de manipulación que la entorpecen. Del enfoque de Virginia Satir, se presentan los diversos aspectos de la comunicación, tanto funcional como disfuncional y los modelos de comunicación propuestos por esta autora. Se revisan aspectos importantes del enfoque de la comunicación educativa, tales como el control de la distancia, la voz y el cuerpo, las palabras y el situacional; así como los elementos que bloquean el proceso de comunicación y las sugerencias acerca de formas correctas de escuchar. Además, se hace referencia a la necesidad de emplear procesos educativos más holísticos y constructivistas y una comunicación-interrelación horizontal y con equidad. Each of the diverse theories, approaches, and models of communication can provide valuable elements for the attainment of effective communication. This article presents a review of those elements with the goal of providing a better understanding and enhancement of one of the most important processes for human beings: the process of communication. This essay presents the author´s position on the topic. The importance given to human relationships and the stages

  12. Andrej Belyj. Sinfonia (2-a, la drammatica. E il tempo scorreva senza sosta…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Giuliano

    2016-05-01

    meaning, a satirical meaning, and a symbolic ideological meaning».  The «musical meaning» inspires the author in splitting the Symphony «into parts, the parts into fragments, and the fragments into verses (musical phrases», thus creating a new literary genre, which combines prose and poetry, and emphasizes the mystic, satirical and grotesque content of the work. This mix of prose and poetry is also typical of the novel Petersburg. In the Dramatic Symphony Bely was targeting groups of mystics operating in the early 1900’s in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. He openly mentions or covertly alludes to actual protagonists of the literary, artistic and philosophical Russian society: Vladimir Solovyov (1853-1900, Dmitry Merezhkovsky (1865-1941 and others. Strictly autobiographical themes are presented in form of grotesque and hyperbolic images, alternating with moments of great lyrical tension. The «musical meaning» is also linked to the particular conception of time through which the plot of Bely’s Symphony is developed. At the beginning, a whole day passes by very slowly; then time speeds up and the plot goes through several months and seasons. At the end of the work we are back to where we started, like in a dramatic cycle. This method is well summarized in one of the leitmotive of the work: «And the time flowed without stopping, and the passage of time reflected the Eternity misty».

  13. The Concept of Love in Lithuanian Folklore and Mythology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doc dr. Daiva Šeškauskaitė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Love is a reserved feeling, meaning amiability and complete internecine understanding. The concept of love has always been important for human world outlook and attitude. Love can have different meaning and expression – for some people it is a nice, warm feeling, a way of action and behaviour, for others it is nothing more than a sexual attraction. As there are different perceptions of love, there also exist few common love manifestations: love can be maternal, childish, juvenile, sexual. Love can also be felt for a home land, own nation, home. Naturally love can be expressed through the particular rituals, symbols and signs. Folk songs introduce four main lover characteristics: beauty, sweetness, kindness and boon. The later feature means that a girl/ boy is supposed to be well-set, to be pleasant and comfortable to touch which is very important when choosing a wife or a husband. Love in folklore is expressed through the common metaphorical and allegorical symbols, it doesn‘t sound as explicit word – more like a metaphor or epithet. Love in folklore can be perceived and felt very differently. Love like an action – love like... special person, essential possession. Prime personal characteristics, such as kindness, tenderness, humility, are the ones to light the love fire as well as beauty, artfulness, eloquence also help. Love is supposed to lead to the sacred sacrament of marriage. Love, if real, is a serious subject. Love is worth dying for. Strong love leads to self-sacrifice. Fairy tales satirize infidelity stressing that love is right only between a wife and a husband while other options are considered as inglorious and wrong. Love, as an incest, is also common in our folklore.

  14. Crazy, boiled, oil-soaked and finally swallowed: the burlesque treatment of myth in three poems by Quevedo and Castillejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Rosario Martínez Navarro

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:The current study analyzes the possible similarities and parallelisms between Cristóbal de Castillejo’s La fábula de Acteón, and two works by Francisco de Quevedo entitled Hero y Leandro en paños menores and Baile de los nadadores, respectively. Both authors use similar ingenious rhetorical and stylistic devices in order to cause a humorous effect and the parody of some well-known myths. Castillejo offers thus a new perspective fully inserted into the anti-court satire, as one of the main representatives of this literary trend. La fábula de Acteón may actually be related to other of his essential works, namely, Aula de cortesanos and Farsa de la Costanza.Resumen:El presente artículo analiza las posibles concomitancias y paralelismos existentes entre La fábula de Acteón, del poeta renacentista salmantino Cristóbal de Castillejo, el romance Hero y Leandro en paños menores, y la pieza para teatro Baile de los nadadores, estos dos últimos de Francisco de Quevedo. En ambos autores encontramos la utilización similar de una serie de ingeniosos recursos retórico-estilísticos para provocar el efecto humorístico y la parodia de los conocidos mitos que abordan. Castillejo aporta con ello una novedosa perspectiva que se inserta plenamente en la sátira antiáulica de la que es uno de sus más importantes representantes. Su Fábula se pondrá en relación con otros textos esenciales de su producción; a saber, el Aula de cortesanos o la Farsa de la Costanza.

  15. Sport, Islam, and Muslims in Europe: in between or on the Margin?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfoud Amara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reveal how misconceptions—or using the concept of Arkoun, “the crisis of meanings”—about the role and position of Islam in Europe is impacting on the discourse on sport, Islam, and immigration. France is selected as a case study for this paper as it is in this country where the debate on religion in general and Islam in particular seem to be more contentious in relation to the questions of integration of Muslim communities to secular (French republican values. Recent sources of tensions include the ban of the Burqa in the public space; the debate on national identity instigated by the former French president Nicholas Sarkozy, which became centred around the question of Islam and Muslims in France; the provocative cartoons about Prophet Mohamed in the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo; opposition against the provision of halal meal in France’s fast-food chain Quick; and resistance toward Qatar’s plan to invest in deprived suburbs of France, to name just a few. The other context which this paper examines in relation to the question of sport, Islam, and identity-making of Muslims in Europe is the phenomenon of “reverse migration” or the re-connection of athletes of Muslim background in Europe, or so-called Muslim neo-Europeans, with their (parents’ country of origin. The paper argues that sport is another highly politicised space to judge the level of “integration” of Muslim athletes in European societies, and the degree of “religiosity” in their (parents’ country of origin.

  16. Marginalisasi dan Revitalisasi Parikan di Era Kelisanan Sekunder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Jupriono

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sastra lisan parikan termarginalisasikan dari masyarakatnya di Jawa Timur dan Jawa Tengah karena: makin langkanya habitat tempat munculnya parikan (ludruk, tayub, dll.; melimpahnya acara pop di media elektronik TV; punahnya budaya sindiran; tergusurnya lembah lokalisasi; makin berkurangnya jumlah penjual jamu di pasar tradisional dan para pedagang keliling berlayar tancap; lenyapnya budaya cangkrukan/jagongan. Meskipun demikian, ada dua komunitas yang tetap melestarikan parikan, yaitu komunitas pesantren, yang tetap mempertahankan parikan sebagai produk kelisanan primer, dan masyarakat Jawa pedesaan serta komunitas urban etnis Jawa, yang melestarikan parikan sebagai produk kelisanan sekunder dalam kemasan media elektronik. Di antara parikan yang masih tersisa, terdapat parikan pelesetan, yang hanya main-main oleh dagelan ludruk, dan parikan serius, sebagai media iklan resmi layanan masyarakat oleh kepolisian, parpol, perusahaan, dan media massa, serta sebagai kritik sosial terhadap ketimpangan keadaan dan kesewenangan penguasa, juga oleh dagelan ludruk. Abstract: Parikan as oral literature is marginalized from its society in East Java and Central Java because the more rarely of habitat it emerges (ludruk, tayub, etc; the abundance of popular programs in TV electronic media; the vanishing satirical culture; the abolition of prostitution locality; the lesser of the amount of herbs seller in traditional market and vendors on layar tancap; the diminishing of the culture of cangkrukan/jagongan. Fortunately, yet there are two communities keeping on conserve parikan, they are pesantren community, which keeps parikan as the product of primary orality, and Javanese villagers and also Javanese urban community who conserve parikan as the product of secondary orality in electonic media packaging. Among the rest of parikan, there are plesetan parikan, merely for jokes which come from ludruk comedians, and serious parikan, as the official advertising media of

  17. Testing of high heat flux components manufactured by ENEA for ITER divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Visca, Eliseo; Escourbiac, F.; Libera, S.; Mancini, A.; Mazzone, G.; Merola, M.; Pizzuto, A.

    2009-01-01

    ENEA is involved in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) R and D activities and in particular in the manufacturing of high heat flux plasma-facing components, such as the divertor targets. During the last years ENEA has manufactured actively cooled mock-ups by using different technologies, namely brazing, diffusion bonding and HIPping. A new manufacturing process that combines two main techniques PBC (Pre-Brazed Casting) and the HRP (Hot Radial Pressing) has been set up and widely tested. A full monoblock medium scale vertical target, having a straight CFC armoured part and a curved W armoured part, was manufactured using this process. The ultrasonic method was used for the non-destructive examinations performed during the manufacturing of the component, from the monoblock preparation up to the final mock-up assembling. The component was also examined by thermography on SATIR facility (CEA, France), afterwards it was thermal fatigue tested at FE200 (200 kW electron beam facility, CEA/AREVA France). The successful results of the thermal fatigue testing performed according the ITER requirements (10 MW/m 2 , 3000 cycles of 10 s on both CFC and W part, then 20/15 MW/m 2 , 2000 cycles of 10 s on CFC/W part, respectively) have confirmed that the developed process can be considerate a candidate for the manufacturing of monoblock divertor components. Furthermore, a 35-MW/m 2 Critical Heat Flux was measured at relevant thermal-hydraulics conditions at the end of the testing campaign. This paper reports the manufacturing route, the thermal fatigue testing results, the pre and post non-destructive examination and the destructive examination performed on the ITER vertical target medium scale mock-up. These activities were performed in the frame of EFDA contracts (04-1218 with CEA, 93-851 JN with AREVA and 03-1054 with ENEA).

  18. Belial, Procurator Infernalis: Who Is Truly at Fault?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Golob

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacobus da Teramo, an excellent lawyer and high-ranking person in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, is known for a number of prominent scholarly works, but he also wrote (ca. 1382 a narration known under various titles: Consolatio peccatorum, seu Processus Luciferi contra Jesum Christum, Liber Belial, and Processus Luciferu contra Iesum coram Iudice Salomone. This is a lawsuit between Lucifer and Christ, in which Devil sues Christ for having trespassed by descending into Hell and taking many souls with him. At the first trial, Moses speaks for Christ and Belial for Lucifer, and in the second Aristotle and Isaiah defend Christ, while Lucifer is defended by Emperor Augustus and Jeremiah. In both trials, the decision is in favor of Christ, but in the second trial the Devil is granted the right to take possession of the bodies and souls of the damned at the Last Judgment. This work was very popular and is still known in many manuscript copies and printed editions. The theme of a trial in extraterrestrial territory performed by famous historical and literary persons was very popular in medieval Europe, and several authors used the motif of a lawsuit involving the Devil and Christ. Da Teramo’s text was translated into German, and it gained broad audiences. He described well the persons and sequences of scenes familiar to him from the courts; his strong descriptions placed the persons in the realm of satire because these descriptions do not lack irony and some psychological teasing. It is also an allegory of the order of the world, presented in a didactic and moralizing tone. It is interesting to realize that, half a century before da Teramo’s Belial, a poem of 2,438 verses was composed in the parish of Vellach, Austria (Sln. Koroška Bela, yet another proof that this theme was also largely known in Carniola and Carinthia. Moreover, several examples of comparable texts are preserved from Slovenian medieval monasteries.

  19. A typology of practice narratives during the implementation of a preventive, community intervention trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Background Traditional methods of process evaluation encompass what components were delivered, but rarely uncover how practitioners position themselves and act relative to an intervention being tested. This could be crucial for expanding our understanding of implementation and its contribution to intervention effectiveness. Methods We undertook a narrative analysis of in-depth, unstructured field diaries kept by nine community development practitioners for two years. The practitioners were responsible for implementing a multi-component, preventive, community-level intervention for mothers of new babies in eight communities, as part of a cluster randomised community intervention trial. We constructed a narrative typology of approaches to practice, drawing on the phenomenology of Alfred Schutz and Max Weber's Ideal Type theory. Results Five types of practice emerged, from a highly 'technology-based' type that was faithful to intervention specifications, through to a 'romantic' type that held relationships to be central to daily operations, with intact relationships being the final arbiter of intervention success. The five types also differed in terms of how others involved in the intervention were characterized, the narrative form (e.g., tragedy, satire) and where and how transformative change in communities was best created. This meant that different types traded-off or managed the priorities of the intervention differently, according to the deeply held values of their type. Conclusions The data set constructed for this analysis is unique. It revealed that practitioners not only exercise their agency within interventions, they do so systematically, that is, according to a pattern. The typology is the first of its kind and, if verified through replication, may have value for anticipating intervention dynamics and explaining implementation variation in community interventions. PMID:20003399

  20. SOLAR VARIABILITY FROM 240 TO 1750 nm IN TERMS OF FACULAE BRIGHTENING AND SUNSPOT DARKENING FROM SCIAMACHY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pagaran, J.; Weber, M.; Burrows, J.

    2009-01-01

    The change of spectral decomposition of the total radiative output on various timescales of solar magnetic activity is of large interest to terrestrial and solar-stellar atmosphere studies. Starting in 2002, SCIAMACHY was the first satellite instrument to observe daily solar spectral irradiance (SSI) continuously from 230 nm (UV) to 1750 nm (near-infrared; near-IR). In order to address the question of how much UV, visible (vis), and IR spectral regions change on 27 day and 11 year timescales, we parameterize short-term SSI variations in terms of faculae brightening (Mg II index) and sunspot darkening (photometric sunspot index) proxies. Although spectral variations above 300 nm are below 1% and, therefore, well below the accuracy of absolute radiometric calibration, relative accuracy for short-term changes is shown to be in the per mill range. This enables us to derive short-term spectral irradiance variations from the UV to the near-IR. During Halloween solar storm in 2003 with a record high sunspot area, we observe a reduction of 0.3% in the near-IR to 0.5% in the vis and near-UV. This is consistent with a 0.4% reduction in total solar irradiance (TSI). Over an entire 11 year solar cycle, SSI variability covering simultaneously the UV, vis, and IR spectral regions have not been directly observed so far. Using variations of solar proxies over solar cycle 23, solar cycle spectral variations have been estimated using scaling factors that best matched short-term variations of SCIAMACHY. In the 300-400 nm region, which strongly contributes to TSI solar cycle change, a contribution of 34% is derived from SCIAMACHY observations, which is lower than the reported values from SUSIM satellite data and the empirical SATIRE model. The total UV contribution (below 400 nm) to TSI solar cycle variations is estimated to be 55%.

  1. Power in Play: A Foucauldian Reading of A.O. Soyinka’s The Trials of Brother Jero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboobeh Davoodifar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This work utilizes Foucault’s articulations on the power strategies of our contemporary society. To him the subject’s constitution is never a purely passive effect of power on the subject but requires the subject’s own activity. This necessitates the existence of a dynamic, mutually affecting relationship, implying that one can be both dominated and dominate at different times and in different contexts. This article aims to analyze the Nigerian Noble Laureate, Wole Soyinka’s play The Trials of Brother Jero, a prophetical play that criticizes the ills of society through its satirical depiction, in the light of Foucault’s conceptualizations on power. To do this, the article first clarifies Foucault’s mature understanding of the operation of power and then attempts to provide an in-depth analysis of the structure of the power regime and its relations in the play, tactics of domination, and more importantly, the characters’ relations to the existing system of power. The study of the language and the dialogue of the main characters, Brother Jero, Amope, Chume and a Member of Federation House not only exposes the sources of operating power relations, but it also highlights the characters’ desire for power and the way it flows and slips from one character to another. The findings of the paper reveals that power is not concentrated on merely one character or institution within the play, rather, it circulates, and through the active resistance of the dominated characters, it constantly engenders new meanings within the structure of the play. In The Trials of Brother Jero, different characters have the desire to use power against each other and the resistance of each of them indicates that power is neither possessive nor repressive. Keywords: Michel Foucault, Power, Pastoral Power, Resistance, Wole Soyinka

  2. Historia de un plagio: las coplas sefardíes Los tiempos modernos, de Sa‘adí Haleví, y El lujo y la escasez, de Ya‘acob Yoná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mancheva, Dora

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article comprises two parts: The first one, that includes a critical edition as well as a study of the two versions of the critical and satirical “Copla” entitled Los tiempos modernos, by the Salonican “Coplero” Sa‘adi Halevi (version A, published in seven editions printed between 1873 and 1935 in Salonica; and version B, published in 1932 in Sarajevo. In the second part of the article, the authors deal with the plagiary of these “Coplas” committed by another Salonican “Coplero,” Yacob Yona, especially in his edition and study of his “Copla” El lujo y la escasez published in 1915 in Salonica.El presente artículo consta de dos partes fundamentales. En la primera se lleva a cabo la edición crítica y el estudio de las dos versiones de la copla satírica y crítica titulada Los tiempos modernos, del coplero salonicense Sa‘adí Haleví (versión A, plasmada en siete ediciones que vieron la luz en Salónica entre 1873 y 1935; y versión B, que apareció en Sarajevo en 1932. En la segunda parte del artículo las autoras abordan el tema de los plagios que de las coplas de Haleví hizo otro coplero salonicense, Ya‘acob Yoná, plagio que se muestra especialmente con la edición y estudio de la copla de este último titulada El lujo y la escasez, que vio la luz en Salónica en 1915.

  3. Infrared thermography inspection methods applied to the target elements of W7-X Divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Missirlian, M.; Durocher, A.; Schlosser, J.; Farjon, J.-L.; Vignal, N.; Traxler, H.; Schedler, B.; Boscary, J.

    2006-01-01

    As heat exhaust capability and lifetime of plasma-facing component (PFC) during in-situ operation are linked to the manufacturing quality, a set of non-destructive testing must be operated during R-and-D and manufacturing phases. Within this framework, advanced non-destructive examination (NDE) methods are one of the key issues to achieve a high level of quality and reliability of joining techniques in the production of high heat flux components but also to develop and built successfully PFCs for a next generation of fusion devices. In this frame, two NDE infrared thermographic approaches, which have been recently applied to the qualification of CFC target elements of the W7-X divertor during the first series production will be discussed in this paper. The first one, developed by CEA (SATIR facility) and used with successfully to the control of the mass-produced actively cooled PFCs on Tore Supra, is based on the transient thermography where the testing protocol consists in inducing a thermal transient within the heat sink structure by an alternative hot/cold water flow. The second one, recently developed by PLANSEE (ARGUS facility), is based on the pulsed thermography where the component is heated externally by a single powerful flash of light. Results obtained on qualification experiences performed during the first series production of W7-X divertor components representing about thirty mock-ups with artificial and manufacturing defects, demonstrated the capabilities of these two methods and raised the efficiency of inspection to a level which is appropriate for industrial application. This comparative study, associated to a cross-checking analysis between the high heat flux performance tests and these inspection methods by infrared thermography, showed a good reproducibility and allowed to set a detectable limit specific at each method. Finally, the detectability of relevant defects showed excellent coincidence with thermal images obtained from high heat flux

  4. Margaret Atwood’s Postcolonial and Postmodern Feminist Novels with Psychological and Mythic Influences: The Archetypal Analysis of the Novel Surfacing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrejka Obidič

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes Margaret Atwood’s postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels from the psychological perspective of Carl Gustav Jung’s theory of archetypes and from the perspective of Robert Graves’s mythological figures of the triple goddess presented in his work The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth (1997. In this regard, the paper focuses on the mythic and psychological roles embodied and played by Atwood’s victimized female protagonists who actively seek their identity and professional self-realization on their path towards personal evolution in the North American patriarchal society of the twentieth century. Thus, they are no longer passive as female characters of the nineteenth-century colonial novels which are centered on the male hero and his colonial adventures. In her postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels, Atwood further introduces elements of folk tales, fairy tales, legends, myths and revives different literary genres, such as a detective story, a crime and historical novel, a gothic romance, a comedy, science fiction, etc. Moreover, she often abuses the conventions of the existing genre and mixes several genres in the same narrative. For instance, her narrative The Penelopiad (2005 is a genre-hybrid novella in which she parodies the Grecian myth of the adventurer Odysseus and his faithful wife Penelope by subverting Homer’s serious epic poem into a witty satire. In addition, the last part of the paper analyzes the author’s cult novel Surfacing (1972 (1984 according to Joseph Campbell’s and Northrop Frye’s archetypal/myth criticism and it demonstrates that Atwood revises the biblical myth of the hero’s quest and the idealized world of medieval grail romances from the ironic prospective of the twentieth century, as it is typical of postmodernism.

  5. El sutil regodeo de la decadencia. Dinámicas urbanas, fronteras permeables y tiempo suspendido en El museo de cera de Jorge Edwards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Gatti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo consiste en proponer una relectura de la novela El museo de cera, que el escritor chileno Jorge Edwards publicó en 1981, concentrando la atención no sólo en la habitual interpretación crítica que evidencia la lúcida condena satírica del pensamiento reaccionario chileno, sino abordando la trama desde una perspectiva que ilumina la relación entre tiempo individual y colectivo. En paralelo, se examina la representación de la decadencia de una arquitectura sociopolítica, poniendo en relación las imágenes ficcionales de Edwards con las representaciones del declive presentes en la narrativa austrohúngara de comienzos del siglo xx. Se analizan, finalmente, las dinámicas de ósmosis entre los dos espacios geosociales descritos en la ficción evidenciando la permeabilidad de sectores en apariencia opuestos.The purpose of the present article consists of proposing a different interprtetation of the novel El museo de cera, which the Chilean writer Jorge Edwards published in 1981: we will concentrate not only in the habitual critical interpretation that confirms the lucid satirical sentence of the reactionary Chilean thought, but we will approach the plot from a perspective that demonstrates the relation between individual and collective time. At the same time, we analyze the representation of the decadence of a social and political structure, by connecting the fictional images from Edwards with the representations of the decline presented in the Austro-Hungarian narrative of the beginning of the 20th century. Finally, we examine the dynamics of osmosis between the two geosocial contexts described in the fiction demonstrating the permeability of sectors by all appearances opposite.

  6. 论《春季日语教程》中普特帕特的种族身份越界%A Study of Puttputt’ s Transgression of Ethnical Identity in Japanese by Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石嘉璇

    2014-01-01

    The novel Japanese by Spring shows the difference of black intellectuals in the process of con-structing their ethnical identities by depicting the character Puttputt as“a black professor with white con-sciousness”. Based on transgression, this thesis analyzes Puttbutt ’ s transgression of ethnical identity which results from political correctness and ethnical negotiation, and it aims to show these black intellec-tuals’ efforts in dealing with ethnical relationship. Besides, transgression, as a writing technique, helps Reed express his satire to racism and opportunism under the background of multiculturalism.%小说《春季日语教程》中塑造的“白人意识的黑人学者”,形象生动地体现了黑人的种族身份越界,阐释了黑人知识分子在种族身份构建过程中所表现出的与众不同。基于种族越界叙事,分析黑人教授普特帕特在“政治正确”以及“种族协商”策略之下的种族身份越界,可以展现黑人知识分子为寻求种族关系发展做出的努力。同时种族身份越界方法的使用,也有效传递了里德对于种族主义以及文化多元主义背景下产生的各种投机行为的讽刺。

  7. Micromégas: Altered Body–Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body–environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme – popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children’s literature and philosophical satire – reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire’s Micromégas, Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Caroll’s Alice, and Matheson’s The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space. PMID:27148156

  8. Penile representations in ancient Greek art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rempelakos, L; Tsiamis, C; Poulakou-Rebelakou, E

    2013-12-01

    The presentation of the cult of phallus in ancient Greece and the artistic appearance of the phenomenon on vase figures and statues, as indicative of the significant role of the male genitalia in all fertility ceremonies. The examination of a great number of penile representations from the ancient Greek pottery and sculpture and the review of the ancient theater plays (satiric dramas and comedies ). Phallus in artistic representation is connected either with gods of fertility, such as the goat-footed and horned Pan or the ugly dwarf Priapus or the semi-animal nailed figures Satyrs, devotees of the god Dionysus accompanying him in all ritual orgiastic celebrations. Phallus also symbolizes good luck, health and sexuality: people bear or wear artificial phalli exactly like the actors as part of their costume or carry huge penises during the festive ritual processions. On the contrary, the Olympic gods or the ordinary mortals are not imaged ithyphallic; the ideal type of male beauty epitomized in classical sculpture, normally depicts genitals of average or less than average size. It is noteworthy that many of these images belong to athletes during or immediately after hard exercise with the penis shrunk. The normal size genitalia may have been simply a convention to distinguish normal people from the gods of sexuality and fertility, protectors of the reproductive process of Nature. The representation of the over-sized and erected genitalia on vase figures or statues of ancient Greek art is related to fertility gods such as Priapus, Pan and Satyrs and there is strong evidence that imagination and legend were replacing the scientific achievements in the field of erectile function for many centuries.

  9. [Production of accentuated personality traits in baroque opera : Opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (1749)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, J; Hirsch, T; Steger, F

    2016-05-01

    Madness served primarily as a form of amusement for the spectators in operas of the seventeenth century. This representation was far removed from clinical reality. This circumstance changed in the eighteenth century at the time when tragic madness emerged in numerous operas. The opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (Arcifanfano-King of fools, premiered in 1749 in Venice, text by Carlo Goldoni 1707-1793 and music by Baldassare Galuppi 1706-1785), which continuously enacts a realm of fools and is meant to appear amusing, is riddled with psychopathological abnormalities for which a retrospective diagnosis is methodologically rejected. However, the opera presents many subjects for working out a typology of fools based on outlasting personality traits of the protagonists. The libretto is investigated. A musical analysis is spared. The conceptualized typology of fools in the opera, which is oriented towards the seven main vices or deadly sins serves, in the tradition of moral satire, to critically hold up a mirror to the audience to reflect their own vices by an amusing characterization of the latter. Historically classified, the treatment of fools by means of isolation, custody, locking up in cages as well as authoritarian measures of submission reflects the custom in those days before humanizing the treatment of people with mental illness in the course of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. The opera Arcifanfano is essentially characterized by continuous madness. A typology of the fools can be worked out from the precise depiction of the personalities. A mirror is held up to the spectators in terms of vices, in the tradition of the contemporary baroque opera. At the same time, the opera can be classified psychiatrically and historically as a seismograph of its time when in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries people with mental illness were isolated and incarcerated.

  10. Gênero e super-heróis: o traçado do corpo masculino pela norma Gender and superheroes: the masculine body traced by the norm

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    Adriano Beiras

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As Histórias em Quadrinhos de super-heróis ganham vida na imaginação dos leitores, estabelecendo fortes ligações com seu cotidiano. Um corpo musculoso e viril vem historicamente se tornando o referencial de corporeidade masculina, enquanto corpos que desviam desse modelo são comumente satirizados ou excluídos da mídia. Este ensaio objetiva discutir as formas de representação do corpo masculino nas HQs da DC Comics, especificamente nas histórias de Superman e de Batman, conforme a caracterização de personagens como "heróis", "vilões" ou "coadjuvantes". Nossa premissa é a de que estas caracterizações remetem a tendências distintas de representação dos corpos, (reproduzindo normas sociais e valores de estética sobre as corporeidades.Superhero comic books gain life in the reader's imagination, establishing strong connections to their daily life. A muscular and virile body has historically become the reference for male corporeality, while bodies that deviate from this are commonly satirized or excluded from the media. This essay intends to discuss the forms of representation of the male body in DC comic books, specifically Superman and Batman, according to the portrayal of characters as 'heroes', 'villains' or 'supporting characters'. Our premise is that these roles relate to distinct tendencies for the depiction of bodies, (reproducing social norms and aesthetic values upon corporealities.

  11. There is also a story in Lutosławski: Narrative archetypes in the first movement of Witold Lutosławski's second symphony

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    Zatkalik Miloš

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Narrativity in music is seldom connected to the compositions based on aleatoric procedures and the use of sound masses. Yet, it can be demonstrated that the first movement of Witold Lutosławski's Second Symphony projects a meaningful set of relations which is later called into question and reconfigured, thus meeting at least some of the conditions for narratological approach. The attention is focused on the tone pitch parameter and in that sense it can be noticed that the movement is founded on the alternation of twelve-note aggregate and symmetrical, all-combinatorial hexachord 012678. This description suggests invariance, the lack of directed movement, since both tonal arrays are characterised by a high level of entropy. In spite of this, there is a clear effort to achieve a directed movement, as a result of the procedures used to organise tonal pitches, and, especially, as a result of the treatment of hexachords. The paper will investigate how the flow of events in this movement can be related to the system of mythos - the archetypal narrative categories - as were first defined by the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye, and adjusted for musical narrative by Byron Almén. The system is based on the intersection of the two fundamental opposites: defeat/victory and order/disorder, resulting in four categories: comedy, romance, irony/satire and tragedy. No matter how paradoxical it may seem, it is the abovementioned entropy that can be considered as the initial order, and its disorder is achieved by attempts to establish directed movement. The ambivalence of archetypal categories and their interweaving is not uncommon in the narrative process. Therefore, the possibility of various interpretations of narrative trajectory will be discussed.

  12. “Vizcaínos en un berenjenal”

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    Luis Arturo Hernández Pérez de Landazábal

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay tries to explain the coincidence that the Moor Cide Hamete Benengeli should take over as Don Quixote’s “witness-chronicler” precisely during the fight between the latter and the Biscayan Sancho de Azpeitia. This coincidence is explained by virtue of a Basque-Iberist theory accepted at that time, that related the Basques to Moors “a las tácitas” (tacitly. The hypothesis strengthens the structural unity of chapters 8 and 9 of Part I of Don Quixote, since, in both chapters, Cervantes would be presenting a challenge –let us say even an defiance– to the 17th century Basque “estamental society” –from the common people or the incipient bureaucratic bourgeoisie to the clergy and the high nobility–, exposing the imposture common to their status as privileged subjects of the Empire. In addition to satirizing the supposed nobility of the diabolical –thanks to his fiendish expression– Biscayan, the author would have derided the false brief chronicles –the structural technique revealed in this adventure–, by hiding –as we venture to say– the identity of the “Benitos” –Frs. Haedo, Biscayan Benedictine, the supposed author and editor respectively of the story of the captivity in Algiers–, as well as the identity of one of the “historians of La Mancha” –Garibay, the Guipuzcoan chronicler based in Toledo–, not to mention the resentment against the high nobility who had the privilege of the “pase a Indias” (pass to the Indies. And all this, in an episode of conflicts between three languages and cultures whose complementary nature and perspectivism are a cover up for the impossible truth of the modern Man of the author’s time.

  13. Perspectivas sobre la comunicación

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    María Luisa Naranjo Pereira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Existen diversas teorías, enfoques y modelos de comunicación; de cada uno de ellos pueden rescatarse aspectos de gran valor para el logro de una comunicación eficaz. Este documento presenta una revisión de esos aspectos, para que se pueda comprender mejor y enriquecer uno de los procesos más importantes para el ser humano: el proceso de comunicación. Este es un ensayo en el cual se da a conocer la posición de la autora sobre el tema abordado. Se rescata el acento del enfoque humanista en la relación humana y en las etapas donde se desarrolla. A partir de la comunicación pragmática, se analizan los axiomas comunicacionales en que se fundamenta y lo que se conoce como patologías de esos axiomas. Además se revisan las principales características que distinguen la asertividad en la comunicación y las distintas formas de manipulación que la entorpecen. Del enfoque de Virginia Satir, se presentan los diversos aspectos de la comunicación, tanto funcional como disfuncional y los modelos de comunicación propuestos por esta autora. Se revisan aspectos importantes del enfoque de la comunicación educativa, tales como el control de la distancia, la voz y el cuerpo, las palabras y el situacional; así como los elementos que bloquean el proceso de comunicación y las sugerencias acerca de formas correctas de escuchar. Además, se hace referencia a la necesidad de emplear procesos educativos más holísticos y constructivistas y una comunicación-interrelación horizontal y con equidad.

  14. The dream of freedom and fear of it (Tyranny and vassalage in The Master is Coming Tomorrow by Petar Sarić

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    Jeftimijević-Mihajlović Marija S.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The history of Serbian literature originating in Kosovo and Metohija during the second half of the previous century values Peter Sarić the most by his novel The Master is Coming Tomorrow, although he penned seven novels. The Master is Coming Tomorrow is the image of power which, instead of protecting human rights, is transformed into the instrument of violence. It is the image of tyrant and tyranny, and it is at the same time a caricature of people - vassals, who out of fear, rather humbly languish in the so-called freedom, zealously shouting the Master's name. One gets the impression that the writer wanted to portray vassalage in a satirical way more than tyranny. This thoroughly psychological characteristic of vassals, and power-holders of strong autocracy, makes Sarić a modern story-teller who has the courage and literary talent to dive into the deepest secrets of human nature, exposing the darkest corners of human psyche, something people are not willing to speak about. It is the novelty in the literature created in this area during the second half of the previous century; no other literary creation so clearly and precisely profiles the collective consciousness of one nation or the individuality of a ruler. In this novel, Sarić reveals a new face of patriarchal culture and the patriarchal system of the Montenegrin community. At the same time, Sarić confirms a known face of history, since each absolute power is based on identical levers of unscrupulous tyrants and humiliated, obedient people who resigned themselves to such a system.

  15. MEME: DAPATKAH MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN SISWA DALAM MENULIS TEKS ANEKDOT?

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    Fajar - Gumelar

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Writing anecdote text is a creative and productive process, meaning an ability that requires students to produce a product (writing that aims to provide criticism/ satire accompanied by humor against an event that occurred. The fact that the ability to write anecdot text is still low, the difficulty in putting ideas and ideas into the main factor. The need for a model of learning with the use of media as a way to overcome these problems. Projects based learning assisted media meme are used based on literature review, which is a student-centered learning by applying the concept of the project (based on actual life that occurs in order to solve the problem independently by using memes as a media that serves to clarify a message or content delivered. At the stage (1 the determination of fundamental questions about the events that occur (actual, (2 preparing the project plan (selection of data collection activities, (3 preparing a schedule (completion of activities, (4 monitoring project progress, (5 assessment of results, and (6 evaluation of experience (reflection of activities. This research aims to determine (a the effectiveness of the model and (b the effectiveness of the model in the experimental class (MIPA and IPS. The methodology used is a quasi experiment with 2 by 2 factorial research design. The results of research from data analysis, obtained (a the difference in ability between the experimental class and control class students with N-gain experiments enter into medium category, while the N-gain controls enter into low category. (b there is no difference ability in experimental class between MIPA and IPS class students. This shows that the model of Projects based learning assisted media meme effectively used in the class with the background of MIPA and IPS in SMA Negeri 15 Bandung.   Keyword: writing anecdote text, project based learning, and media meme.

  16. Destruksie ten minste tien maal beklemtoon – ’n interpretasie van 'Kraak die aardbol langs ’n naat' van Wilma Stockenström

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    B. van der Westhuizen

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Destruction at least ten times emphasized – an interpretation of 'Kraak die aardbol langs ’n naat' ('Cracking the earth along the seam' by Wilma Stockenström In this article the value of syntactical analysis in the interpretation of a poem is investigated from the premise that emphasis can be effected inter alia in the following ways: (a by contravening certain rules that apply in standard language usage in order to compose grammatical sentences, b the exploitation of parallel syntactical structures, and c the relationship between sentence unit and line, and line and/or stanza. These theoretical points of departure form the basis of the syntactical analysis of “Kraak die aardbol langs ’n naat” (Wilma Stockenström, in which there are numerous deviations from the expected, normal and usual ways of constructing sentences. It is by these means that the semantic values gain prominence: the attention is drawn to the deviating behaviour of mankind continuing to destruct the earth until nothing remains. It is evident that the repeated use of irony and the satirical tone of this poem also contribute to persuade the reader to behave in a way opposite to that depicted in the poem. In this way the value of a syntactical analysis of this poem is illustrated. By uncovering the micro-structures (syntactical units within the (macro- structure (the poem, underlying patterns and the place of humanity in the universe can be better understood. In this way the analysis of this poem is then linked to the field of ecocriticism.

  17. Типи комічних текстів та особливості їх стилістичного аналізу

    OpenAIRE

    Калита, Оксана; Kalyta, Oksana

    2015-01-01

    У статті проаналізовано типи комічного, досліджено види мовного комізму, охарактеризовано різновиди комічних текстів, наведено приклади найбільш типових засобів комічного у власне комічних текстах і текстах з елементами комізму, подано схеми стилістичного аналізу текстів з простим і складним типами комізму. The concept of comic was clarified in the article, particularly the theory of comic and the different types of comic (humor, satire and irony), verbal and situational v...

  18. The right of the stronger: The play Sisyphus and critias

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    Jordović Ivan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Focus of this study is the standpoint of the play Sisyphus and critias the leader of the thirty towards the right of the stronger. this is a question of constant interest in scientific circles, since its answer can serve as the indicator of the influence this famous theory has had. this interest has been encouraged by the fact that critias’ authorship of the play is questionable. however, the question of the author is not of primary importance for this article, because there are some arguments, among some well known ones, which were not considered and which Show that in this satire, regardless of the author and the purpose of this fragment, the right of the stronger is actually non-existant. the first argument to support this theory is that nomosphysis antithesis is nowhere explicitly mentioned although it is the crucial element of the right of the stronger. in addition there is no claim in the play that the exploitation of the strong by the week or by law accrued. the second argument is that despite the incapability of laws to prevent the secret injustice, they and their importance for the human society are depicted in a positive light. it should also be noted that, unlike callicles and glaucon, laws are created to stop the bad and not the good. the third argument is that the invention of religion is accepted as a positive achievement, which finally enables the overcoming of primeval times and lawlessness. the reflection of this argument is a positive characterization of the individual who invented the fear of gods. the fourth argument, which has not been taken into consideration so far is the way the supporters and opponents of lawlessness are described and marked as κακοί and έσξλοί in the satire only physically strong are considered as strong as opposed to callicles, where they are also spiritually superior. intelectually superior in Sisyphus is the inventor of the fear of gods who is also in favor of law and order. the fact

  19. Architectural layout and vulnerability to earthquakes of housing buildings of the Modernism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostenaru, M.

    2009-04-01

    seismic culture developed. The buildings of Greek Modernism and those of the Milanese Novecento however, are more regular in shape and in the distribution of columns and beams. It will be investigated if this is a consequence of the local seismic culture or if it was simply allowed by the regular shape of the lots in the urban tissue. Buildings of Greek Modernism were raised, unlike those in Bucharest, in more peripheral zones of the city, mainly in the neighbourship of the train station. In Bucharest they were raised in the city centre, following a major urban redevelopment. The buildings of Milanese Novecento, however, are spread over the whole city and here it is more difficult to find a reason in the argumentative discourse. It will be looked at the vernacular types of the houses in the country. The Modernist buildings were raised in a time when no seismic codes yet were released. All of the mentioned building types have a reinforced concrete skeleton. When conducting studies about historical buildings, mainly those with masonry structure are considered, for which reason the project CA'REDIVIVUS was run 2005-2007, with support from the European Commission, aiming exactly at this: the preservation of historic housing buildings with reinforced concrete structure across Europe. This research aims to continue that research, considering buildings from the same geographical locations but from the point of view of the way of living which led to the architectural shape which rendered vulnerable or not these buildings. It is an argumentative discourse to be conducted about to which amount the Modernism negated the historical links and thus also the vernacular one. Sure is, that at least on Romania, there had to be a change in living habits to move from single family to multi-family building. These buildings were also not typical for Modernism in Europe, since they were thought for luxus dwellings in the city centre. In Western Europe it was social housing at the periphery

  20. Applicability and economic efficiency of earthquake retrofit measures on existing buildings in Bucharest, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostenaru, M.

    2009-04-01

    Research Training Network 450 "Natural Disasters" supported by the DFG (German Research Network), 2000-2004 while the result was published with support from a subsequent research project of the author, CA'REDIVIVUS, which continued the research, supported by the European Commission, in 2006.

  1. El trovo verde. Poesía improvisada satírico-obscena en la fiesta de la cosecha

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    del Campo Tejedor, Alberto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Harvest time has been since Upper Antiquity an exceptional occasion in peasant societies, giving rise to festive customs such as duels of improvised poetry in obscene tone and motif. In these duels, precepts of decency were momentarily removed. The historical and comparative research since the fescennini verses of Antiquity, through the pullas of the trovadores de repente of the Golden Age and other satirical genres, allows to link the priapic improvised poetry of the Alpujarra in both reaping and grape harvest contexts to a long popular tradition in which debates of burlesque verses were an entertainment associated with the nexus between fertility of earth and sexuality and with a sense of regeneration that has cathartic laugh. The survival of this burlesque and erotic register among the Alpujarra troubadours in certain festivals, coincidental in dates, spaces and actors with the traditional context of licenses during harvest time, suggests the reusing of these duels of inventiveness, in which participants play recalling a time when

    Las cosechas han constituido desde antiguo un momento excepcional en las culturas campesinas y han propiciado costumbres festivas, como las luchas de poesías improvisadas de tono y temática obscena, en que se levantaba efímeramente el precepto del decoro. El rastreo histórico y comparativo desde los versos fesceninos de la Antigüedad, pasando por las pullas de los trovadores de repente en el Siglo de Oro y otros géneros satíricos, permite vincular el trovo priápico de la Alpujarra en contextos de siega, parva y vendimia, a una larga tradición popular en que las porfías de versos burlescos constituían un divertimento asociado al nexo de unión entre la fertilidad de la tierra y la sexualidad, así como al sentido regenerador de la risa catártica. La pervivencia en el trovo alpujarreño de este registro burlón y lúbrico en ciertas fiestas coincidentes en fechas

  2. Editorial

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    Judith Winters

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Billed in the press as the world's 'oldest calendar', Issue 34 has closed to a rather large bang with the publication of 'Time and a Place: A luni-solar 'time-reckoner' from 8th millennium BC Scotland' by Vince Gaffney and colleagues. Three weeks on from its release, it is still doing the rounds on Twitter and achieving a certain level of public consciousness with its own series of jokes. And even a topic for the satirical Daily Mash website (readers of a sensitive disposition look away now. The article contained a series of visualisations which of course could only be presented as part of the final publication in an online format, but another reason for IA being chosen as the place of publication was the ability to be responsive and to publish quickly without the restrictions of a print schedule. In this instance, the first draft was submitted to me on 19 June then peer-reviewed, edited, proofed and published by 13 July! I don't think I have ever worked harder and so quickly than I did in the days leading up to publication but the publicity received was probably worth it. I did learn a few things about the way the traditional press works and how press releases get circulated, chewed up and spat out with details (like links to the original source [cough] slowly being edited out but all in all, it's a process I am more than happy to repeat. July was definitely a good month for the journal as it also saw the release of 'A Late Roman Well at Heslington East, York: ritual or routine practices?' by Steve Roskams, Cath Neal, Jane Richardson and Ruth Leary and got its reasonable share of publicity too. The article is Open Access thanks to the support of by the Archaeology Department Research Committee at York, and was picked up by traditional press and new media alike, and shows what can be done by lifting your gaze above the trench edge. It was always going to be hard to top those two articles in terms of publicity but the other articles in the issue

  3. Gurruminos, petimetres, abates y currutacos en el teatro breve del siglo XVIII

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    Sala Valldaura, Josep Maria

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study of certain negative models of sainetes [afterpieces] from the 18th century reveals not only a continuity of comic stereotypes, but also their relationship to the ideals of behaviour of the era: the authority of the husband, the submissiveness of the wife, thriftiness in managing household finances, etc. Afterpieces join other literary genres (journalism, satirical poetry and the moral essay in ridiculing those who are involved in the practice of cortejo and who readily adopt new forms of social behavior, fashions, foreign dances, etc., in contrast to traditional ways and tastes. Examples taken from Antonio de Zamora, Agramont, Ramón de la Cruz, Vázquez and González del Castillo are used to illustrate this reticence towards changes in mentality of a new culture of leisure, as well as to observe it a contrario: its “feminization”, its frivolity, and its uselessness.El estudio de ciertos modelos negativos del teatro breve del siglo XVIII revela no sólo la continuidad cómica de los tipos, sino también su relación con los ideales de conducta coetáneos: la autoridad del marido, la discreción de la mujer, el cuidado de la economía familiar... Los sainetes se unen a otros géneros literarios (el periodismo, la poesía satírica y el ensayo de carácter moral en la ridiculización de quienes practican el cortejo y aplauden nuevas formas de sociabilidad, las modas y los bailes extranjeros, etc. frente a la conducta y los gustos tradicionales. Ejemplos tomados de Antonio de Zamora, Agramont, Ramón de la Cruz, Vázquez y González del Castillo sirven para argumentar tales reticencias ante el cambio de mentalidades de una nueva cultura del ocio, así como para observarlo a contrario: su “afeminación”, su frivolidad y su inutilidad.

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Van Damme

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The present issue of Afrika Focus delves into the way in which the Democratic (what’s in a word... Republic of Congo has been dealing with its ‘way to peace’, via an article that looks at the issue through a discourse analysis perspective. In another article, the growing pains that often accompany the road to democracy in Africa are illustrated by the case of Togo. A third piece in this issue, a case study from Kenya, examines the gum Arabic value chain. The gum is an adhesive and food additive, often used in sweets and soft drinks, and thus an important commodity bought by big multinational companies. For centuries, it has been a source of income for a number of sub-Sahara African countries. Moreover, wars have been fought over the staple – as recently as last year, May 2013, at least 60 people were killed in ethnic (... clashes in Sudan's arid Darfur region, over land producing gum Arabic. The deaths were the result of an ongoing dispute between two ethnic groups in South Darfur, over pasture and acacia trees, from which the gum is obtained. The Gemir group accused the Beni-Halba community of trying to take away land it had owned for more than 300 years. This shows that even a neutral (to sweet subject such as gum Arabic can help to illustrate, and even explain, the root causes of political unrest in a number of countries. And this brings us to the last and fourth article that, even though it deals with poetry, reiterates the same political thematic as highlighted above, as it deals with ‘contemporary Nigerian poets [that] have had to contend with the social and political problems besetting Nigeria’s landscape by using satire as a suitable medium’. Perhaps the latter is amongst the most viable – and maybe only – coping strategies to allow people to survive Nigeria’s (and any ‘difficult’ country’s distressing environment: if you can’t beat them, laugh at them...

  5. “YOUR P.C.W.” THE UNPUBLISHED LETTERS OF PAUL SCHEERBART TO ERICH MÜHSAM

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    Alexander N. Belarev

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The archive of a German writer and anarchist Erich Mühsam (1878– 1934 is a significant but “unexplored” part of the manuscript collection of the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences. I publish three letters of a German science fiction writer Paul Scheerbart (1863– 1915 to Mühsam and a postcard that Scheerbart sent to a German writer Hans Heinz Ewers. The letters to Mühsam record negotiations with publishing houses in Munich and Berlin about the publication of Scheerbart’s manuscripts (1909. In the postcard to Ewers, Sheerbart writes about the progress in his work on the perpetual motion machine that he tried to construct in 1908–1909. The letters are published in German with Russian translation and commentary. The introductory article gives an overview of Scheerbart’s life and career, the specificity of his works, their problematics and poetics and especially focuses on Scheerbart’s epistolary heritage. These letters are the token of friendship and professional collaboration of the two writers that is reflected in their mutual work on the unrealized project of publishing a satirical newspaper “Vaterland.” The IWL archives contain the unpublished manuscripts of Scheerbart and Mühsam related to this project as well. The history and the structure of the Mühsam archive is another aspect covered in the introductory article. Both Erich and Zenzl Mühsam were victims of totalitarian regimes. Erich was killed by the Nazis and his spouse Zenzl spent many years in Soviet labor camps. The history of the Mühsam manuscripts became intertwined with Zenzl’s life. That is why the article devotes space to Zenzl’s biography and attempts to answer the following questions connected to the archive: how did the manuscripts get to the Soviet Union? Why is the archive uncomplete? Finally, I discuss the publication history of Scheerbart letters from the IWL collection. Keywords: Paul Scheerbart, Erich

  6. Sur les Lettres diverses d’Henry Le Bret, éditeur de Cyrano et prévôt de l’église de Montauban

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    Madeleine Alcover

    2009-03-01

    this book : Lettres diverses par Henry Le Bret, prévôt de l’église cathédrale de Montauban, Montauban (?, ca 1678-1681.Among the addenda completing this article are a brief account of the controversy between Le Bret and the minister Pierre Isarn, a restitution of one of his remarks concerning Boileau’s Satire IX, and his quasi unknown éloge de la petite vérole.

  7. Actualité du roman archéologique

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    Philippe Dufour

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Salammbô a beau se passer au IIIe siècle avant Jésus-Christ, Flaubert a beau y voir une ressource pour fuir le monde moderne, le roman antique n’en pense pas moins l’Histoire contemporaine, au moins par intermittence. On essaie de le montrer à propos d’un court fragment rescapé du chapitre explicatif, la description des assemblées des Syssites. Loin de démarquer simplement telle ou telle source (comme l’analyse aristotélicienne de la constitution carthaginoise dans La Politique, le paragraphe décrivant le banquet des Riches pendant que les Barbares entourent la ville évoque en surimpression la fête impériale sur fond de peur sociale. Des images relais (Les Romains de la décadence de Thomas Couture, Les Châtiments de Victor Hugo incitent le premier public à une lecture allégorique. Le chronotope de l’assemblée dénonce l’illusion d’un pouvoir et figure le devenir historique. Flaubert s’approprie ainsi de façon originale le genre du roman archéologique tel que l’abbé Barthélemy l’inventa ou tel que Henryk Sienkiewick le prolongera. S’y vérifie sa définition de l’histoire comme réflexion du présent sur le passé.Some scholars like Anne Green have shown that Flaubert in his historical novel, Salammbô, frequently alludes to contemporary history in spite of the obvious difference between the Carthaginian civilization and the modern world. In this essay I will try to grasp the shift in referenciality through a small description (a meeting between the wealthy, inspired by Aristotle’s Politics: Hugolian images of decadence from Les Châtiments appear superimposed on it, so that the archeological novel turns into an allegorical satire on the Second Empire.

  8. The Problem of Anonymity in Archives: A Literature Review=Arşivlerde Anonimlik Sorunu: Bir Literatür Değerlendirmesi

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    Emily Ross

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Archivists processing documents rely on factors such as authorship and provenance to contextualize their materials and render them searchable. But in my past experience as an archives user, I repeatedly came across instances of anonymity: letters and diaries by unnamed authors or to unknown recipients, photographs of unknown subjects. In some cases this anonymity is a loss of information that was once there, but in other case it enabled the material to come into existence in the first place: such as in the case of satirical political poetry, for which a writer might face legal censure. In this literature review, the issue of anonymity in the archives is explored, both in a pragmatic sense (recommended strategies for managing it, and a philosophical sense (according anonymous documents the same status as documents with known authors./Arşivcilikte belgelerin işlenmesi, materyallerin kavramsallaştırılması ve aranabilir hale gelmesinde önemli olan yazarlık ve kaynak (menşe gibi faktörlere dayanmaktadır. Ancak bir arşiv kullanıcısı olarak deneyimlerimizde defalarca isimsiz yazarlar tarafından bilinmeyen kişilere atfedilmiş mektuplar ve günlükler, bilinmeyen konuların fotoğrafları gibi anonim eserlerle karşılaşmaktayız. Bir zamanlar bu anonimlik bazen bir bilgi kaybı olarak görülürken bazen de belgenin yazarının yasal kınamaya maruz kalabildiği hicivli siyasi bir şiir örneğinde olduğu gibi eserin ilk etapta ortaya çıkmasını sağlamaktaydı. Bu literatür taramasında arşivlerde anonimlik sorunu hem pragmatik anlamda (konunun yönetimi için önerilen stratejiler hem de felsefi anlamda (anonim belgelere uygun olarak bilinen yazarlı belgelerle aynı statüde ele alınmaktadır.

  9. ON THE FRAGMENTARY PERCEPTION OF FRENCH LITERATURE IN THE 18 TH CENTURY RUSSIA AND SWEDEN

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    Mikhail Yu. Ljustrov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The essay examines the problem of the fragmentary perception of European literature in the 18 th Century Russia. The author compares the body of 17 th Century French poetical works translated into Russian and Swedish languages and published in the Russian and Swedish editions in the middle of the 18 th Century. Regardless of many predicted coincidences, Russian and Swedish lists are not identical. Some 17 th Century French poets unknown in Russia were, however, extremely popular in the 18 th Century Sweden. The essay focuses on the work of E. Pavillon, a member of the French Academy and of the General R. de Bussy-Rabutin. The “Våra fӧrsӧk” edition released in Sweden in the 1750s, included numerous translations of the poems by these two authors as well as discussions about the specificity of their poetic gifts. Pavillon’s works are in the center of discussion by Swedish authors. In G. F. Gyllenborg’s “Satire öfver Sprätthökar,” E. Pavillon is compared with J.-B. Rousseau, in H. Ch. Nordenflycht’s “De svenska poeter” he is identified with a famous Swedish poet J. Frese. Swedish poems mentioning R. de Bussy are absent in the edition of “Våra fӧrsӧk”, however the French poet was familiar to Swedish authors, and the interest in his works drew on his role in the 17 th Century Franko-Swedish history. Swedish and French participation in the Thirty Years War and a visit of Christine, Queen of Sweden, to Paris were well known to Swedish authors. The paper argues that the lack of interest in the work of these authors in Russia is conspicuous if compared with their Swedish perception. This may be explained by cultural and historical circumstances and also by the lack of demand for some of the “species” of the 17 th Century French poetry in the Russian poetry of the 18 th Century.

  10. 后现代主义浪漫传奇文本与当代学术界的荒诞景观%A Text of Postmodernist Romance and Absurd Sight of Contemporary Academia

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    陈世丹; 张东昌

    2012-01-01

    In his important novel Small World, David Lodge, English famous contemporary writer who is both literary critic and novelist, constructs a text of postmodernist romance by using postmod ernist metafictional narrative. The text is formed with "the fiction that talks about how this fiction be comes fiction" and "the metafiction similar to the text of fiction," which changes the theoretical discus sion about traditional humanist criticism, deconstruetion, readers' reception theory, western Marxism, feminism, literary ontology, etc. into art of fictional narrative, and in which the writer, by using in tertextual techniques, juxtaposes the refined explanation of specialty knowledge with the popular story plots about the absurd sight of contemporary academia, satirically questioning the purpose of literary studies and the nature of common institutions of academic criticism itself.%英国当代著名作家戴维·洛奇集文论家与小说家于一身,在其重要作品《小世界》中,用后现代主义元小说叙事建构了一个后现代主义浪漫传奇文本。小说文本由“谈这部小说如何成为小说的小说”和“类文本元小说”构成,使关于传统人文批评、解构主义、读者接受理论、西方马克思主义、女权主义、文学本体论等的批评理论探讨转变成小说叙事艺术。同时,作者使用互文手法将高雅的专业知识阐释与表现当代学术界荒诞景观的通俗故事情节并置,讽刺性地质疑文学研究的目的和公共学术批评机构的性质。

  11. 書與烏托邦 The Book and Utopia

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    Liyun Hu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available 各種烏托邦及小說反烏托邦小說中,都能搜尋到書的影子。總的來看,烏托邦中,書的命運多舛,經受焚毀、刪改、廢棄、偽造、定制、工具化等等諸般歷煉,遭到「不許讀」、「不需讀」,乃至「不能讀」的待遇。在集權與個體的對抗,絕對理性主義與感性對抗,技術主義(非人與自然主義(人性的對抗中,書,作為自由精神的體現、歷史的見證、真理的代言、情感的催化劑,成為了被禁對象。耐人尋味的是,這些揭示了書的命運的烏托邦小說,多遭受過被列為禁書的命運。在人類歷史長河中,書的禁與放,毀與藏,不僅與時代的發展脈絡息息相關,且體現了人們在不斷地嘗試調節書所具有的雙刃性之間的張力,而反對審查制度,追求知識自由,永遠是其中的主旋律。Book is always appeared in various Utopian or dystopian fictions. Generally speaking, in Utopia, the book’s destiny is burning, mutilation, abandonment, forgery, customization, instrumentalization, and so on. Under the description, book encounters treatments as “cannot read”, “need not read”, and even “cannot read”. In the conflict between centralization and individual, absolute rational- ism and emotionalism, technical principle (inhuman and naturalism (human nature, book, as the manifestation of the spirit of freedom, historical witness, truth endorsement, and emotional catalyst, has become a prohibited object. Satirically, many utopian and dystopian books which reveal the fate of book in utopia suffered the fate of being listed as banned books. In the long river of human history, the book’s ban and release, destroyed and hidden, is not only closely linked with the development of thought, but also show that people are constantly trying to adjust the tension of the double-edged nature in book. And opposed to censorship, the pursuit of intellectual freedom is always one of the main theme.

  12. O FALO COMO SEXUALIDADE E JOCOSIDADE NAS REPRESENTAÇÕES DE SILENO NO DRAMA SATÍRICO CICLOPE NA CERÂMICA DOS SÉCULOS VI e V a.c. (Dossiê: O Mundo Antigo: Literatura e Historiografia

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    Leandro Mendonça Barbosa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O que se pretende com este artigo é perceber como a representação fálica – uma constante em diversos aspectos da arte grega – foi inserida nos contextos de Sileno, divindade participante do cortejo dionisíaco e que possuía, dentre outras características, uma sexualidade latente. Desde o período arcaico esta criatura já é representada itifálica, possuindo um aspecto ao mesmo tempo jocoso e altamente sexualizado. Neste artigo abordaremos a relação da sexualidade fálica de Sileno com o poder sexual masculino, inerente a sociedades patriarcais como a de Atenas. Entender a representação fálica como elemento deste patriarcado, e como este se insere na questão de Sileno, é primordial. Para nossas análises lançaremos mão do drama satírico Ciclope, escrito no século V a.C. por Eurípides, e de imagens em cerâmica produzidas entre os séculos VI e V a.C.Palavras-Chave: Sileno, falo, sexualidade, jocosidadeAbstract: The aim of this work is to understand how the phallic representation - a constant in many aspects of Greek art - was inserted in the contexts of Sileno, participant divinity of the Dionysian procession, who had, among other features, a latent sexuality. Since the archaic period this creature has already a phallic representation, looking like, at the same time, highly sexualized facetious. In this article we discuss the relationship of phallic sexuality of Sileno, with male sexual power inherent in patriarchal societies such as Athens. Understanding the phallic representation as part of the patriarchy, and how this fits into the question of Sileno, is paramount. To our analysis we will use the satirical drama Ciclope, written in the V BC by Eurípides, and images produced in Attica between the VI and V BC.Keywords: Silenus, phallus, sexuality, Attica.Recebido em: 07/07/2015  – Aceito em 28/08/2015

  13. Ars saturae: misli o satiri in njenih obrazih. Uvodnik v tematski sklop „o satiri“

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    Nataša Golob

    2011-12-01

    Evropski in slovenski okvir – izkušnje niso tako vsaksebi, da ne bi prepoznali večnih in vesoljnih zakonov človekovega dejanja in nehanja. Vendar: ali se še kdaj spomnimo na Pudelbal Feliksa Antona Deva (1732–1786, kjer je prek pustnega, maškeradnega plesa na pahljačo vseh mogočih tipov prižebljal ljubljansko »purgarijo« v literarni ringaraja, tako da je začetno lahkotno šopirjenje izzvenelo v nelahkotni antitezi o sprenevedanju, večnem laganju in podobnih značajskih odličnostih. Obolos baročnemu času je jezikovno bogastvo, kopičenje satirično-parodičnih oznak, ki jih je Dev nalepil paradirajočim osebkom na odru, iz katerih dehti moralna sprijenost. To je satira o malih dušah. In še brezkončni izvir, namreč briljantno pletenje Ivana Cankarja in mnogoobraznih satiričnih motivov, v dobršni meri izvirajočih iz politične odvisnosti in narodno-zavedne neurejenosti, tako da je v resnici »kostanj posebne sorte«, ki so se mu v različnih tonalitetah pridružila najboljša peresa prve polovice 20. stoletja. Cankarjevo satiropisje je veljalo »zlasti farizeju, hlapcu, dogmatiku, renegatu,« pravi Franc Zadravec, »maske snema z vsakršnih duhovnih in moralnih spak nekdanjih in sedanjih časov.«7 Satirik je po definiciji svojega početja brezkompromisni opazovalec človekovih dejanj. Izhodišče za tematske prispevke v tej številki Ars et humanitas je dalo polju satire, satiričnega, satirikov itd. odprte poti. Kakršno koli je že naše vsakdanje delo, vsi smo se s temi temami srečavali v raznih konceptualnih in oblikovnih izrazih in pri razrešitvi vprašanja največkrat ni zadoščal pogled samo ene stroke. To povezovanje disciplin je temeljna lastnost te revije, ki goji načelo medkulturnih in interdisciplinarnih perspektiv, zato so bili prispevki dolžni spoštovati le nosilno besedo »satira«.

  14. Les origines antiques d’un « art de la prudence » chez Baltasar Gracián

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    Karl Alfred Blüher

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article met en évidence que l’« art de la prudence » que Baltasar Gracián propose dans son Oráculo manual renoue avec les méthodes de l’ars vitæ et de la prudentia tactique que les penseurs gréco-latins de l’Antiquité avaient développées, en se servant souvent de formules frappantes, maximes et adages. Les aphorismes de Gracián puisent dans le riche trésor de cette sagesse pragmatique, empruntant tout autant les traits d’un certain stoïcisme que d’habiles conseils d’« adaptation » et de « dissimulation ». Les éléments de cet « art de la prudence » proviennent de quatre domaines différents : ouvrages philosophiques, notamment Sénèque, Épictète et Plutarque ; littérature gnomique, telles les sentences des Sept Sages de Grèce ou celles de Publilius Syrus ; écrits satiriques, surtout Martial et Perse ; et réflexions d’ordre politique et moral de Tacite.This article argues that the « art of prudence » recommended by Baltasar Gracián in his Oráculo manual revives the methods of the ancient Greeks and Romans who had been advocating an ars vitae and a tactical prudentia, which they often expressed as striking slogans, maxims and adages. Gracián’s « aphorisms » draw on the rich treasure of this pragmatic wisdom, adopting the features of a certain stoicism but also the cunning counsel praising « adaptation » and « dissimulation ». The components of this « art of prudence » belong to four different fields : philosophical works, in particular Seneca, Epictetus and Plutarch ; gnomic literature, such as the maxims of the Seven Sages or those of Publilius Syrus ; satirical writings, especially Martial and Persius ; and Tacitus’ political and moral thought.

  15. A Room of One's Own, Un Cuarto propio, Une chambre à soi : circulations, déplacements, réévaluations

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    Anne-Laure Rigeade

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available On tend à classer l’essai de Virginia Woolf A Room of One’s Own dans la catégorie du pamphlet féministe sans autre forme de questionnement. Son message et son sens semblent fixés et indiscutables. Or, à lire ensemble ses traductions en espagnol et en français, à suivre les transformations du texte dans l’histoire de ses réceptions, le lecteur en vient précisément à se défaire de cette évidence. Comment les contextes de réception et de traduction ont-ils infléchi l’esprit et la lettre de l’œuvre ? Comment ses contours ont- ils été remodelés au fil de ses actualisations ? En quoi l’exemple de ce texte avec ses traductions illustre-t-il l’essentielle instabilité de l’œuvre ? C’est à ces questions que nous entreprendrons de répondre ici. Virginia Woolf’s essay A Room of One’s Own is traditionally read as a feminist satire of patriarchy: its message and this meaning seem to be indisputable. But if we consider this work with its translations in french by Clara Malraux and in spanish by Jorge Luis Borges, if we consider the essay in its planetary circulation, we are led to question this perspective. How did the context of production of the transla- tions in french and in spanish have transform the work and its apprehension? What kind of modifications do we observe at each of these reinscriptions of Woolf’s essay in a new context and in a new literary tradition? And how does this specific case exemplify the essential instability of any literary work? These will be the questions we shall ask and answer in this paper. 

  16. “I PROMESSI SPOSI” DI GUIDO DA VERONA: APPUNTI SULLA LINGUA E SULLO STILE

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    Giuseppe Sergio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel dare alle stampe la sua parodia dei Promessi Sposi (1930, Guido da Verona non immaginava di compiere delitto di lesa maestà nei confronti del totem manzoniano né che sarebbe stato oscurato dal controllo igienico fascista. Nel saggio si sostiene infatti, anche sulla base di evidenze ricavate dall'analisi del manoscritto, che la sua intenzione non fosse satirica, bensì ludico-parodica. Il cuore del saggio si incentra sull'analisi comparativa tra la versione daveroniana e l'ipotesto manzoniano, con particolare attenzione alle scaturigini del comico. Oltre che mettere in evidenza i tratti caratterizzanti la prosa di da Verona, captante e alluvionata di wits  linguistici, il saggio descrive le strategie comiche usate dall'autore, quelle basate sul carattere e sulle situazioni e quelle del discorso vero e proprio. Nel corso dell'analisi  si evidenzia come sia il comico del significante sia l'infrazione dei legami logici e di successione cooperino a incrinare la visione ordinata del mondo e della lingua strenuamente voluta e ottenuta da Alessandro Manzoni.   When the parody of Promessi Sposi (1930 was sent to press, Guido da Verona did not imagine he was committing the crime of lese-majesty with regard to the Manzonian totem, nor that it would be blacklisted by the Fascist regime. This paper shows that, based on the analysis of the manuscript, the author's intention was not satirical, but a playful parody. It is a comparative analysis between the da Verona version and the Manzonian hypertext, with particular attention placed on the origin of the comic. Besides highlighting the traits that characterize the text brimming with linguistic wit by da Verona, the paper describes the comedic strategies used by the author based on the characters and situations, as well as in the discourse itself. The analysis shows how the comic meaning and the breaking of logical and temporal links crack the orderly vision of the world and the language carefully

  17. Los sistemas educativos en la memoria heterodoxa del cine europeo Education in European Cinema and Society’s Exclusion of the Young

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    Enrique Martínez-Salanova Sánchez

    2010-10-01

    viewpoint that is sometimes satirical and occasionally savage. The exclusion, marginalization, neglect and manipulation of children and adolescents, and the abuse and merciless severity of certain educational systems are all part of the collective European memory thanks to the condemnation of some of the best films ever made in the continent. They ask pointed questions about educational systems, the behaviour of teachers and inadequate didactics, as well as tackling the conflicts in a multiethnic society.

  18. The New Art of Writing Plays in This Time: Spanish Golden Age Comedy

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    Branka Kalenić Ramšak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the context of Spanish Golden Age art, especially drama, in which Félix Lope de Vega played an indispensable role. His comedy defied the rules of classical drama and sought to find a new and independent path within Baroque aesthetics. The golden age of Spanish art, especially literature, began right at the transition between the fi fteenth and sixteenth centuries, when poets, writers, and playwrights created a number of excellent works that qualitatively placed Spanish literature in an entirely new light. Since then, its contribution to laying the foundations for the modern age of European literature has been indispensable. During the Baroque period the Spanish world turned into a theatrum mundi; reality was becoming increasingly apparent, and life was a dream. Artists were looking for refuge either in the spiritual aesthetic of extreme alienation or in hermetic mockery of burlesque reality, which often led to harsh grotesque. However, for the artist, the most important freedom was still creativity. Through the entire sixteenth century, the Spanish theater combined classical satirical theater and popular art. Various types of drama, all referred to by the generic term “comedy,” were performed in corrales ‘urban courtyards’. The Comedia de corral had a dual objective: to entertain a heterogeneous audience and to address those more educated about the deeper issues of human existence. The Spanish theater received a final image with the comedies of Lope de Vega, who was also the founder of a new dramatic style and the most fruitful playwright of all time worldwide. His comedy has become a new drama form, based on the Spanish literary tradition but also classified in Baroque art aesthetics. The New Art of Writing Plays in Th is Time (1609 is a theoretical text by Lope de Vega on a new comedy, which he finally separated from Aristotle’s Poetics. In the text he indicated a revolutionary position for his time; namely

  19. Esta tenzon fezeron Pero da Ponte e Afonso Anes do Coton. Edição e estudo do debate B969/V556

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    Déborah González Martínez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pero da Ponte e Afonso Eanes do Coton são dois destacados autores de cantigas transmitidas nos cancioneiros galego-portugueses: o Cancioneiro da Ajuda, o Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional (Cód. 10991 e o Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Vaticana (Vat. Lat. 4803. A estreita relação entre estes dois trovadores confirma-se pelas menções a ambos no interior de vários textos de natureza satírica e pela interação em duas cantigas dialogadas. O presente trabalho consiste numa nova edição crítica da tenção entre Afonso Eanes do Coton e Pero da Ponte (Pero da Pont’, e[n] un vosso cantar, B969 / V556, oferecendo novas respostas a velhas dificuldades ecdóticas. O texto vai acompanhado de anotação e estudo, pois o diálogo desenvolve vários temas de especial interesse para os estudos trovadorescos: a classe social e a atividade profissional dos interlocutores.Pero da Ponte and Afonso Eanes do Coton are two renowned authors of cantigas contained in the galician-portuguese songbooks: the Cancioneiro da Ajuda, the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional (Cód. 10991 and the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Vaticana (Vat. Lat. 4803. The close relationship between these troubadours is confirmed by some references in satirical texts and, mainly, by the dialogued song Pero da Pont’, e[n] un vosso cantar (B969 / V556. This work offers a new critical edition of this tenção with notes and literary study. The dialogue develops several topics of interest for the studies about troubadours: social class and professional activity of the interlocutors.  

  20. La historieta española de 1900 a 1951

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    Martín, Antonio

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The present piece of research starts after the birth of the Spanish comic by the second half of 19th century as a new way of expression that appears linked to the satirical and humour press, created and thought especially for adult readers. From the reality of this new media the basis were set to approach the Spanish comic produced during the 1900 to 1950. During this particular period, we are facing its first development, the consolidation, and the conversion of the new comic into a mass phenomenon. At the same time, a further analyze of the industrial structure, capable to support the publishing process of the comic, is carried out too; this is put in the context of the whole Spanish society depending, not only on the economy, but also on the political and social movements that shook the country during these fifty years, causing an accelerated flow of events that became a reality during the political regimes that have built the structure of the Spanish country: Alphonse 13th’s constitutional monarchy, Primo de Rivera’s military dictatorship, parlamentary republic, civil war and finally the General Franco’s personal dictatorship.

    El presente trabajo de investigación se inicia tras el nacimiento de la historieta española en la segunda mitad del XIX, nuevo medio de expresión que surge ligado a la prensa satírica y de humor, creada y realizada expresamente para un público lector adulto. Es ya desde la realidad del nuevo medio como se establecen las bases para el acercamiento a la historieta española durante los años 1900 a 1951, en los que tiene lugar su primer desarrollo, afianzamiento y conversión en un fenómeno de masas. Asimismo se analizan los inicios del tejido industrial que soporta la estructura editorial de la historieta, que se contextualiza respecto del conjunto de la sociedad española, en total dependencia no solo de la economía, sino también de los movimientos políticos y sociales que

  1. Dog-type : amours de chiens, chiennes d’images et types ordinaires dans le daguerréotype américain

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    François Brunet

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to elucidate the phrase “dog-type” as applied colloquially to the daguerreotype in several American sources of the mid-19th century. After a glimpse at the photographic representation of animals in the medium’s first decades, I sketch out the role of the dog figure in American daguerreotype portraiture. This is followed by a close reading of a story published in 1849 by T.S. Arthur and the adjoining illustration, showing a “sitting” session at the daguerreotypist’s, and featuring in prominent position a dog. This dog seems to acknowledge the humiliation of his master by the process and thus to suggest a social interpretation of the daguerreotype portrait protocol. I conclude with a lexicological and contextual analysis of the phrase “dog-type” and its various possible meanings, whether satirical or not.Cet article est un essai d’élucidation de l’expression dog-type en tant qu’appellation familière du daguerréotype attestée dans plusieurs sources américaines du milieu du XIXe siècle. Après un bref aperçu de la représentation photographique des animaux dans les premières décennies du médium, on commence par esquisser la place du chien dans l’art américain du portrait au daguerréotype. Est ensuite proposée une lecture rapprochée d’une nouvelle de T.S. Arthur parue en 1849 et de l’illustration qu’elle donne de la séance de pose chez le daguerréotypiste. Y figure en bonne place un chien qui semble accuser l’humiliation de son maître au cours de la séance de pose et ainsi suggérer une interprétation sociale du protocole du portrait photographique vers 1850. On en vient enfin à une analyse lexicologique et contextuelle de l’expression dog-type et de ses diverses significations potentielles, satiriques ou non.

  2. Gossip as a Channel for Circulating Subversive Truth: In Heym's The King David Report, the GDR and the Jardin du Luxembourg

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    David Fishelov

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Chronique du roi David (1991 , Stefan Heym (1913-2001 propose une perspective favorable sur le potin, nonobstant la censure biblique de cette activité (ex : Proverbe 11:13. La réécriture satirique de Heym de l'histoire biblique se concentre sur le personnage d’Ethan, un écrivain-historien nommé par le roi Salomon pour composer un rapport officiel sur la vie et l’arrivée au pouvoir du roi David. À un moment donné les deux fils d’Ethan, Sem et Sheleph, reviennent du marché et racontent à Ethan certaines rumeurs «savoureuses» qu'ils y ont entendues. Ces rumeurs, tandis qu’elles sont un peu exagérées et embellies, fournissent toutefois des aperçus de la situation politique qui sont beaucoup plus fidèles à la vérité que les inventions des porte-parole officiels. Pour justifier le portrait littéraire de Heym du potin comme une voie pour communiquer la vérité subversive dans les régimes autoritaires, je cite la recherche historique systématique de Robert Darnton au sujet des voies diverses pour communiquer les nouvelles de Paris au dix-huitième siècle (Darnton, 2000. In The King David Report (1972, Stefan Heym (1913-2001 offers a favorable view of gossip, notwithstanding biblical censuring of that activity (e.g. Proverb 11:13. Heym's satirical re-telling of the biblical story focuses on the character of Ethan, a writer-historian appointed by King Solomon to compose an official report on the life and rise to power of King David. At one point Ethan's two sons, Shem and Sheleph, come back from the market, telling Ethan of some "juicy" rumors they heard there. These rumors, while using some exaggerations and added embellishments, nevertheless provide insights into the political situation much more faithful to the truth than the fabrications of official spokespersons. To substantiate Heym's literary portrayal of gossip as a channel for communicating subversive truth in authoritarian regimes, I cite Robert Darnton

  3. Mark Twain: inocente ou pecador? = Mark Twain: innocent or sinner?

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    Heloisa Helou Doca

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A leitura cuidadosa do texto do “Tratado de Paris”, em 1900, leva Mark Twain a concluir que a intenção política norte-americana era, claramente, a de subjugação. Declara-se, abertamente, antiimperialista, nesse momento, apesar das inúmeras críticasrecebidas por antagonistas políticos que defendiam o establishment dos Estados Unidos. Após viajar para a Europa e Oriente, em 1867, como correspondente do jornal Daily Alta Califórnia, Mark Twain publica, em 1869, seu relato de viagem, The Innocents Abroad or TheNew Pilgrim’s Progress. Nosso estudo demonstra que o autor, apesar das diversas máscaras usadas em seus relatos, narra histórias, culturas e tradições, tanto da Europa quanto do Oriente, já com os olhos bem abertos pelo viés antiimperialista. Faz uso da paródia, sátira, ironia e humor para dessacralizar impérios, monarcas e a Igreja que subjugavam os mais fracos, iluminando, desde então, os estudos sobre culturas. Nosso estudo, outrossim, faz uma reflexão sobre cultura, tradição e o olhar do viajante, justificando o “olhar inocente” do narrador em seu relato.After carefully reading the Treaty of Paris in 1900, Mark Twain concluded that the goal of U.S. policy was clearly one ofsubjugation. He openly declared himself an anti-imperialist at that time, in spite of the numerous criticisms he received from political opponents who supported the United States status quo. After traveling to Europe and the East in 1867 as a correspondent for The DailyAlta California newspaper, Mark Twain published his travel report, The Innocents Abroad or The New Pilgrim’s Progress in 1869. Our study demonstrates that the author, in spite of using different guises in his reports, narrated histories, cultures and traditions – from both Europe and the East – with a viewpoint already imbued by his anti-imperialistic ideals. Twain made use of parody, satire, irony and humor within his texts in order to desecrate empires,monarchs and

  4. Hibriditas Medium pada Film Opera Jawa Karya Garin Nugroho sebagai Sebuah Dekonstruksi

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    Riksa Belasunda

    2014-10-01

    the diversity of the medium use. The study conducted with the postmodern aesthetic approach through semiotic method with descriptive interpretive technique dismantles the structure of the film code language through the analysis of narrative and dramatic structure-forming elements of the film. It deals with aspects such as non-verbal signs of visual elements and movement in the film shot. These elements are constructed by the medium expression choice of the filmmaker in delivering his message. The filmmaker delivers his criticism or satire through swerved meaning and medium exploration (medium hybridism. Through this film, Garin Nugroho deconstructed the figures, space, message and meaning, as well as the narrative of the epic Ramayana by Walmiki as a reference. It reflects gender issues, feminism, masculinity domination, class warfare, and capitalism.Keywords: medium hybridity; postmodern films Semiotics; deconstruction.

  5. The symbolism of Mesopotamian cult images

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    Helmer Ringgren

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Is. 44: 12-20 contains a satirical description of the way the pagans, i.e., the Babylonians, make their "gods", i.e., their idols. "The ironsmith fashions it and works it over the coals; he shapes it with hammers, and forges it with his strong arm ... The carpenter stretches a line, he marks it out with a pencil; he fashions it with planes, and marks it with a compass; he shapes it into the figure of a man, with the beauty of a man, to dwell in a house. He cuts down cedars, he plants holm trees and oaks and lets them grow. Some he uses for fuel to warm himself or to bake bread, of others "he makes a god and worships it. With these and similar words the prophet ridicules those who make cult images. This might of course be an independent literary creation—and perhaps it is—but interestingly enough there is a Babylonian text that could well have served as the prophet's model. In a ritual for the akitu festival in Babylon from Seleucid times we read about the third day as follows: "When it is three hours after sunrise, he shall call a metalworker and give him precious stones and gold from the treasury of the god Marduk to make two images for (the ceremonies of the sixth day. He shall call a woodworker and give him (some cedar and tamarisk (pieces. He shall call a goldsmith and give him (some gold." It is obvious that the images in question are not cult images in a real sense, i.e., images to be set up in a temple to receive sacrifices and worship, but images intended to be used in a "magical" ceremony: they represent evil forces that shall be annihilated by means of destroying their images in fire. At the same time, the text shows that it was well known how these images were made, but also that this did not detract from their symbolic, or magical, value.

  6. NEW CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEW GENRE: A FRANCOPHONE AFRICAN NOVEL OF TRANSITIONAL TIME

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    Nina D. Lyakhovskaya

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the 1990s and in the beginning of the 20 th century, Congolese and Ivorian literatures witnessed the birth of a new character, an African with bifurcated mentality that, on the one hand, keeps, at least on the superficial level, affinities with archaic consciousness while, on the other hand, is characterized by emerging individualistic and egotistic ambitions. In the mainstream genre of the novel-story, action is replaced by reflection and inner monologue that are typical of self-reflective literature. A character of the novel Le chercheur d’Afriques by a Congolese Lopes is a teacher of Nantes seeking the Africa in his childhood memories about his white father, a doctor. Various cultural values and notions merge in his consciousness. He is asocial, obsessed with one maniacal idea, and passive aggressive; when he presents himself to his father, the latter dies. Champs de bataille et d’amour by an Ivorian Tadjo represents the inner world of a married couple — a university professor and his white wife. Socially passive, obsessed with themselves, they are alienated from both the social life and each other. Widening of the mental horizon with the help of scientific knowledge and contacts with the Western culture accompanied by the simultaneous collapse of the archaic collective consciousness results at best in abstract dreaming as in the case of the astronomer in Dongala’s novel Les petits gar ç ons naissent aussi des é toile. At worst — with sociopathic behavior and madness as in the novel L’impasse by a Congolese Biyaoula where the character-sociopath ends up in a psychiatric clinic. Existential dead-end is the theme of the postmodernist novel Le monsieur Ki. Rapsodie parisi è nne à sourire pour caresser le temps by an Ivorian Kwahul é . A Congolese Sony Labou Tansi was the only writer whose satirical trilogy about Beregue (fictional name written in the style of avant-garde realism (with the use of postmodernist devices managed

  7. Eesti luuletaja päris oma prantsuse luuleraamat. August Sanga, Jaan Krossi ja Ain Kaalepi loomingust 1960. aastail / An Estonian Poet’s Own Book of French Poetry. About the Works of August Sang, Jaan Kross and Ain Kaalep in the 1960s

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    Katre Talviste

    2013-12-01

    poeticism are his purposeful intentions. Were his linguistic and form-pertaining principles intentional or intuitive, they are still consistent and can be seen in his translations as well as in his original poetry. Although Võileib suudlusega is principally a collection of lyrical poetry, it displays some inclinational or even some generic closeness to Molière. We can feel a sharp sense of comedy, and often there is a powerful dramatic element in Sang’s poems. His poetic self experiences and interprets himself and the surrounding world through scenes that embody some kind of conflicts or antitheses; showing varying moods, they often contain satirical, benevolently humorous or self-ironizing elements. Concerning Jaan Kross, his translations of Béranger and Éluard have been examined against the background of the developments in his own poetry of the 1960s. The closest comparison has been made between the collection of his own poems Vihm teeb toredaid asju (1969 and the selected collection of Éluard’s poems Veel enne kostma peab, published the same year. Béranger’s traditional verse and his cheerful yet satirical view of the world around him are quite close to Kross’ own earlier poetics and attitudes. The more varied and mostly free verse poetry of Éluard, with its more intimate subjects but also more abstract way of thinking, is better reflected in Kross’ works of the late 1960s.  When we look at Ain Kaalep’s poetry, his translations of Prévert’s poems have been compared with his own collection Aomaastikud (1962. We can see a Prévert-like formal method in the structure of his poems and in the development of his subjects, but Kaalep’s poetry is characterised by his search for a much broader variety of form. Experiencing and translating somebody else’s poetry is, characteristically, the starting point of Kaalep’s search and also its method. Thus, working with Prévert’s texts is an essential part of Kaalep’s own poetry, although there are only

  8. Nef’i’nin Kasidelerinde Mübalağa Sanatındaki Ayrıntılar Details of the Hypperbolısm in the Odes of Nef’i

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    Ali BALALAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Nef’i is one of the most powerful ode and satirical poet of Divan literature. He had used all the details of hyperbolisim in his poems. He had used the hyperbolisim by using the power of poetry but at the same time he had not disturb the imagination of the readers while using the hyperbolisim. In order to lighten the mood of hyperbole he always left some doors open. Greatness of sultans are explained in the hyperbolisim related tothe parise of the sultans. Love towards the horses is not an ordinarybare love. He uses horse as an image by giving different meanings. Inhis satires he criticizes in a strong way just the opposite of hispraisings. The explanation of cosmic universe gives chance to explainthe ideas in an indirect way. In the odes of Nef-i the realities areexplained in degrees. In order to understand the meaning of his words,these degrees should be analised in detailes. He had resembled hiswords as an closed magazine. This feature also shows the walue of hisworks. In this ode Nef-i tries to Express the importance of the meaningof the words rather than the structures of the sentences.The poet sometimes sees himself as an diver who searches pear inthe sea of meaning. Sea symbolises the meaning of hugeness,greatness, foreverness. Sea represents the soul of poet and thinkingvisdom of poems. The poet had tried to explain his dream world whenhe had used the hyperbolisim in his poems. While he was exaggeratingthe events, he had tried to explain the hiden reality and he had alsotried to show the most extraordinarry events as ordinary tings.Theability of using hyperbolisim in his poems comes from this feature. Nef’i, Divan edebiyatının en güçlü kaside ve hiciv şairidir. Nef’i, kasidelerinde mübalağa sanatının bütün detaylarını işlemiştir. Şiirin üst dilinden yararlanarak mübalağa sanatını en iyi kullanan sanatçı, okuyucunun hayalini incitmemiştir. Şiirlerindeki aşırı abartıyı yumuşatmak için mutlaka bir a

  9. Tanzimat Hareketleri Karşısında Aşık Seyrani Ashik Seyrânî Against Tanzimat (Reform Movements

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    Eyüp AKMAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ashik Seyrani lived between the years1800 and 1866. He was originally from Develi, Kayseri. He saw three thrones in this whole life. These are; III. Selim, II.Mahmut and Abdulmecit. His teenage and adulthood ages were in last two ones. Seyrani, expressed the emotions of the society against the innovation and westernization movements which were developed in II.Mahmut era and formalized with political reforms in Abdulmecit era. Moreover, he didn’t hesitate to depict faults and irregularities that he saw in the society without any fear from the sultan. Seyrani is considerably successful in the literary genre which is called “irony” in the classical literature and “satire” in the folk literature. This is somewhat related to his nature and character. Having come to Istanbul to pursue his profession, Seyrani, like his contemporaries, had a yearning for joining the poet-singers of the court. But, his desire did not come true. That was most probably the reason why he severely satirized the court officials, particularly the grand viziers. Another reason why Seyrani had such a firm stand against the court was the disbandment of the Janissaries. Like the other Bektashi poets, Seyrani who had a tendency towards Bektashism could not accept the disbandment of the Janissaries, and therefore took a negative stand against the court. Social and economic life of the nineteenth century is likely to be seen in the poems of Seyrani. The situation of the country after the Reform movements, extravagant spendings of the court, people’s failure in keeping up with the newnesses, Sultans’ personally adopting a Western way of living, and corruption of the judiciary due to judge’s involvement in bribery were particularly satirized in the poems of Seyrani. In this study, Reform movements and how these movements reflected on the society will be put into words with reference to poems of Seyrani and the era will be evaluated. Âşık Seyrani, 1800-1866 y

  10. Cinema, paesaggio e turismo “andaluzadas”: la Spagna andalusizzata, patrimonio retroproiettato / Cinema, landscape and “andaluzadas” tourism: the Andalusian Spain, a rear-projected heritage

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    Rocío Liáñez Andrades

    2016-05-01

    , and even Spanish people, themselves, who demonstrated satirical version of this phenomenon of identity theft on a national scale.In order to corroborate our hypothesis, we made a cinematographic analysis (semiotic and of content of three key co-productions with national participation and support with the purpose of qualitatively supporting our hypothesis. It is about films that do not hesitate in immersing themselves in the most obstinate of the stereotypical Andalusian image, by recognizing them in general and recognizing them within themselves. This way it is recognized as much in the ethnographic and folkloric area of productions aimed at international consumers, as well as in the depletion of that image for the national consumer.This article will take you through these cited productions and will demonstrate the possible connections of these “pastiche films” to ones more recently released, such as Mission Impossible 2 (John Woo, 2000, Knight and Day (James Mangold, 2010 o Zindagi na milegi dobara (Zoya Akhtar, 2012.

  11. Fossils and Theories of Evolution in Gustave Flaubert’s Bouvard et Pécuchet

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    Anthony Zielonka

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude se propose d’analyser de près le chapitre III de ce chef d’œuvre comique et satirique qu’est le dernier roman de Flaubert, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. Après avoir exploré la médecine, la cosmologie, l’astronomie et la zoologie, les « deux bonshommes » de Flaubert se tournent vers la géologie, la paléontologie, et même les théories rivales de l’évolution. Ce chapitre est d’un intérêt considérable comme tour de force comique, surtout quand on le replace dans le contexte des découvertes, théories, controverses et querelles scientifiques (incluant les conflits entre les positions antagonistes de la religion et de la science qui faisaient rage à l’époque de Flaubert. Alors que le romancier avait réalisé des recherches exhaustives sur l’histoire des sciences, il est particulièrement intéressant de relever que ce sont les théories et les découvertes les plus récentes qui sont présentées sur le mode comique et sceptique. Après avoir passé en revue les idées de Buffon, Cuvier, Lamarck et Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ainsi que celle des savants fidèles à l’inspiration biblique, Bouvard et Pécuchet ne manquent pas de conclure à l’incompatibilité, et finalement à l’inanité, de toutes ces théories. Ils tirent leurs informations d’ouvrages savants mais aussi populaires, puisant dans les journaux et les magazines. Flaubert montre, de manière tout à fait significative, comment les simplifications et les erreurs des textes de vulgarisation ne servent qu’à renforcer le trouble et le doute des deux personnages et les amènent finalement à abandonner leurs recherches scientifiques.This paper proposes a close textual analysis of Chapter III of the masterpiece of comic and satirical fiction that is Gustave Flaubert’s last novel, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. After exploring the sciences of medicine, cosmology, astronomy, and zoology, Flaubert’s “deux bonshommes” turn their attention

  12. D Modeling of Historical Doger Caravansaries by Digital Photogrammetry

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    Yakar, M.; Uysal, M.; Toprak, A. S.; Polat, N.

    2013-07-01

    main gate. Today, it has been cancelled to reach upstairs. The underside of the satires is empty. There are two loophole windows at the both two short side. The columns that are near the long walls are bounded each other with arches and overlaid with cross squinches. The rooms in the second floor have domes. One of these rooms was arranged as prey room. The second part of Caravansaries is single storey and walls made of rubble. There are four columns inside the room and they bounded with arches. Back side of the rooms were destroyed by earth quake and restored. This restoration was not appropriate with its original plan but the good one is that the Caravansaries was saved from totally comedown. It is aimed to survey Doger Caravansaries Photogrammetricaly and generate 3D model covered by real tissues. In this study, South NTS-352 Total Station is used to constitute a closed polygon with 6 point. The coordinates of polygon points are calculated by distance and direction measurements. Levelling was carried out for determining the height of polygon points. Photographs was taken by Nikon D7000 camera. 3D model and faces were created in Photomodeler software.

  13. Un taccuino a forma di strada. Su "Einbahnstrasse" di Walter Benjamin

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    Pier Giovanni Adamo

    2016-05-01

    distinction of form and mind. Linguistic and thematic materials in literature comes from mind itself, according to Peter Szondi. Therefore, one could maintain that in modern literature hybridization is the crossing process of materials through forms. In this regard, Walter Benjamin’s One-Way Street is a remarkable work, as the most oddly assorted materials are combined in order to shape an innovative form. Prose poetry, diary, (antisurrealistic method, satire, philosophical intuitions are merged into it. On the other hand, his uniqueness lies first on the meta-critical gist of the book’s structure: the  ystematic use of fragments is a practical application of the allegorical assembly theory, as described in The Origin of German Tragic Drama. Therefore, the present essay aims to read the text as «a street-shaped notebook», reflecting on how it can be considered a prologue to The Arcades Project, originated by the reading of Aragon’s Paris Peasant. The comparison established in the following pages between the German thinker and the Surrealism tries to detect, despite a substantial affinity, two different approaches in the use of assemblage techniques (especially about the attitude towards advertising. Analysing One-Way Street this way shows how Benjamin combines literary models (Baudelaire, Proust, Kraus with new artistic languages and press strategies in order to create a «dialectical image» of the 20thcentury.

  14. The Language of Paradox in the Ironic Poetry of Emily Dickinson

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    Mustafa Zeki Cirakli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Language of Paradox in the Ironic Poetry of Emily Dickinson Abstract Emily Dickinson’s poetry is characterized by her emphasis on ironic use of discourse that amounts to her persistent manifestation of individuality against hypocrisy and vanity. She exerts her peculiar poetic language in a way that helps deplore as well as explore the paradoxical human condition. This paper argues that Dickinson produces a language of poetry, which, in Cleanth Brooks’ terms, provides the reader with the “language of paradox.” Dickinson’s ironic poetry exemplifies Brooks’ idea that ironic poetry is self-conscious and satiric in nature and is made up of a language of paradox. The study, therefore, aims to reveal how the language of paradox in Dickinson’s poetry yields to irony which is primarily associated with her salient assertiveness, isolation and strong individuality. Emily Dickinson’ın İronik Şiirlerinde Paradokslu Dil Öz Emily Dickinson’ın şiirlerini söylemin ironik kullanımı karakterize eder ve bu özellik onun şiirlerinin toplumdaki iki yüzlülük ve riyakârlığa karşı sürdürdüğü kararlı bireysel duruş ve isyanının dışavurumudur. Dickinson, kendine özgü şiirsel dili insanlık durumunun paradoksal niteliğini araştırmak için olduğu kadar eleştirmek için de etkili biçimde kullanmıştır. Dickinson’ın şiiri, Cleanth Brooks’un “paradokslu dil” olarak tanımladığı bir dil kullanır. Brooks, ironik şiirin öz-farkındalığı olan ve doğası gereği eleştirel tonu yüksek ve temelde paradokslu dilden oluşmuş olduğunu ileri sürer. Bu çalışma, Dickinson’ın ironik şiir dilinin Brooks’un bu kanısını doğruladığını ortaya koymaktadır. Dolayısıyla bu çalışma, Dickinson’un şiirlerindeki paradokslu dilin yazarın dikkat çekici sesi, kendini toplumdan soyutlaması ve toplum karşısındaki güçlü bireyselliğinin dışa vurumunu imleyen ironiyi incelemektedir.

  15. La caricatura política desde un siglo XXI iberoamericano. Una historia cultural del tiempo presente

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    Langue, Frédérique

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In an adverse context for freedom of thought in the so called public sphere, and from the perspective of the history of present time, this study explores the sense that is supposed to have in Latin America one of the “recent disasters” as was the attack against the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in France. Political caricature appears to be the expression of a traumatic experience and a shared political culture through both republican and democratic practices. However, on a continent democratized but still grappling with memory and the traumatic past of dictatorships, this imaginary is also strongly questioned by authoritarian ideological options. A figure hovers in both positions (democratic and authoritarian as well and impacts on related imaginary: the victims figure, which within this relationship to the past or regime of historicity, not only replace “the era of witnesses” exemplified by the history of present time but also are integrated into an instrumentalized regime of emotions finally leading to a skewed view of history.En una coyuntura adversa a la libertad de opinión en el espacio público tanto en Europa como en América Latina y desde la perspectiva de la historia del tiempo presente, este estudio analiza el significado que habrá tenido desde y para América Latina una de las “últimas catástrofes” como lo fue el atentado en contra del periódico satírico Charlie Hebdo en París en enero de 2015. La caricatura política aparece en efecto como el revelador no sólo de un acontecer traumático sino también de una cultura política compartida a través de unas prácticas republicanas y democráticas. Ahora bien, el imaginario político que conlleva se ve cuestionado y hasta rebatido por opciones ideológicas autoritarias en un continente democratizado pero que se enfrenta todavía con unas memorias divididas o con el pasado traumático de las dictaduras. Una figura asoma en ambas posturas (la democrática y la

  16. La « marmitte renversée » : construction discursive et fonctionnement argumentatif d’une insulte dans les polémiques des guerres de religion (1560-1600 The “Overturned Pot”: Discursive Construction and Polemic Use of an Insult during the French Religious Wars (1560-1600

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    Paul-Alexis Mellet

    2012-04-01

    study of several pamphlets (Thomas Beaux-Amis, Theodore Beza, etc., which answer each other in the context of a polemic centred on Christian rites, we expose the discursive dynamics through which the motif of the cooking pot was appropriated as a political insult. We focus in particular on the argumentative processes employed by each camp in throwing the insult back onto their opponent – the study of this batting back and forth enabling us to trace the discursive construction of the insult. We also underline the controversial force of this satirical image, which was naturally associated by both churches with the consolidation of the practice of confession and employed by the Catholics as a tool against conversion to protestantism.

  17. new scientist - singing in the name of climate change

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    Peragine, Marcel

    2015-04-01

    Basically what I am concerned with as composer, musician, film maker etc. is communicating in any way with the resources available the significance behind human civilization's impact on climate change. I accomplish this with the other components of my band, and the song that follows entitled New Scientist is an attempt to do this using the platform of the popular 3 minute rock song format. This Scientific Symposium is important no doubt, being a wonderful way of bringing creativity into science by inviting artists to participate. However time is running out and getting the message out on the scale necessary to start reversing the damage caused by modern man can only effectively be done with mass communication tools, hence broadcast and social media. The lyrics for New Scientist and other compositions we have in our repertoire try to provoke awareness by being set in the future, talking to the egocentric nature of mankind and to the small percentage of those who have the will and insight to attempt the almost supernatural feat of saving some semblance of human habitat either on Earth, or finding a new one elsewhere in the Universe. It is a bit satirical but oddly enough with world governments firmly in the hands of big business be it dirty oil or the factory farming of animals etc.,radical scientific solutions for the Earth seem to be mankind's only hope. It's great that NASA is finally making an attempt to reactivate manned space flights to Mars and deep space. In fact, nobody has ever taken seriously the impact of this research and technology on fighting climate change on Earth. To give an example, the hydrogen fuel cell is a technology not in use in everyday life in the modern world due to the lack of government special interests and subsidies. The good news however is that many of the scientific breakthroughs pioneered by NASA and its contractors have made available the ecologically friendly tools necessary to reverse climate change if only they would be made

  18. Orígenes de la historieta española, 1857-1906

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    Barrero, Manuel

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the evolution of the comics in Spain during the 19th century. It’s accepted that comic medium was born in the 1830s and this article offers a research about the primitive comics in Spain and its slowing development in Spanish satiric magazines, highlighting its milestones. The text proposses a frame of reference to understand the born of the genuine comic magazines in the dawn of the 20th century, and reveals the situation of the Spanish producers of comics, which has not become aware of their work in the new medium until the end of the century. We identify thar the first Spanish cartoonists and comic makers were Landaluze, Mariani, Asenjo and those grouped under the pseudonym SEM. Their works were aimed at an adult consumer in those days. And we state that the name for the medium was “historieta” since 1875; is precisely that relevant works of historieta began to appear from that year. Authors like Pellicer, Cilla, Apelles Mestres, Mecáchis or Xaudaró opened the way to a creative landscape where the specific comics magazines, called “tebeos” in Spain, finally born, now clearly intended at an audience child.

    En este artículo se aborda el estudio de la historieta española durante el siglo XIX. Habiéndose admitido por la comunidad científica que la historieta nació en torno a 1830 en Europa, se rastrean las evidencias de su existencia en la prensa española, así como su evolución hasta la aparición de las primeras revistas específicamente integradas por historietas entre los siglos XIX y XX. Se concede especial importancia al contexto sociocultural y se aborda producción y difusión, con especial detenimiento en la figura del autor, que no adquirió conciencia de su labor en el nuevo medio hasta final del XIX. Se establece que los primeros autores de historietas españoles fueron Landaluze, Mariani, Asenjo y los integrantes de SEM, autores de tiras primitivas en su factura y que iban dirigidas a

  19. Teatro Indio Precolombino. El Bailete del Güegüence o Macho Ratón

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    Patricia Henríquez Puentes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El Bailete del Güegüence o Macho Ratón es una obra de teatro cuyos orígenes se remontan a la cultural náhuatl del siglo XVI aproximadamente. Es también un discurso del período colonial que ha llegado hasta el siglo XX, gracias al trabajo de apropiación y revitalización hecha por recuperadores del siglo XVI que, en un momento determinado de sus historias literarias, lo incorporaron a la estructura cultural que dominaba en su época. El Bailete del Güegüence o Macho Ratón pone en escena una crítica a la administración colonial a través de unos personajes, acción, expresión e intención farsesca y satírica. La crítica de El Bailete del Güegüence o Macho Ratón apunta a una sociedad en la cual sus gobernantes hacen 'uso y abuso de su autoridad'. Al parecer, el carácter farsesco y satírico de la obra impidió la aplicación de la censura. A diferencia de los Entremeses, el Bailete del Güegüence o Macho Ratón incorpora como personaje principal a un ingenioso nativo, tal vez criollo, que propone como forma de resistir al poder de la autoridad colonial, la estrategia de "hacerse el sordo", la burla, los equívocos discursivos y, en general, la vida festiva.   "Bailete de Güegüence" or "Macho Ratón" is a play whose origins date back to its Náhuatle culture of the I 6'h Century, approximately. It is also a colonial period discourse come to the XX Century through the work of appropiation and revitalization undertaken by experts in the I61h Century, which, at a determinate moment in their literary histories, incorporated it to the cultural structure deminating in their own epoch. This play stages a criticisim of colonial administration through ome characters, dramatic action, expression, and farcical and satírical slant. The criticicim in the play points to a society in which its governors make use and abuse of their authority. The satirical and farcical character of this work seems to have prevented the application of

  20. 3D MODELING OF HISTORICAL DOGER CARAVANSARIES BY DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY

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    M. Yakar

    2013-07-01

    levels opposite the main gate. Today, it has been cancelled to reach upstairs. The underside of the satires is empty. There are two loophole windows at the both two short side. The columns that are near the long walls are bounded each other with arches and overlaid with cross squinches. The rooms in the second floor have domes. One of these rooms was arranged as prey room. The second part of Caravansaries is single storey and walls made of rubble. There are four columns inside the room and they bounded with arches. Back side of the rooms were destroyed by earth quake and restored. This restoration was not appropriate with its original plan but the good one is that the Caravansaries was saved from totally comedown. It is aimed to survey Doger Caravansaries Photogrammetricaly and generate 3D model covered by real tissues. In this study, South NTS-352 Total Station is used to constitute a closed polygon with 6 point. The coordinates of polygon points are calculated by distance and direction measurements. Levelling was carried out for determining the height of polygon points. Photographs was taken by Nikon D7000 camera. 3D model and faces were created in Photomodeler software.

  1. Murdelisest tegelaskõnest "Tõe ja õiguse" I osas / Dialect in the Speech of Characters in A. H. Tammsaare’s Truth and Justice Part I

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    Maria Mandri

    2015-06-01

    and Justice are shared across a wide area. Therefore the use of dialect in the text is first and foremost a social marker which locates the characters of the novel among the peasantry. In his journalistic writings, Tammsaare’s diverse views on language and style enable us to argue that the writer considered the content and form of a literary work as inseparable, and that for him language played an important role in rendering the atmosphere, characters, and events more believable. This principle justifies the dialect-rich dialogues in Part I of Truth and Justice. In order to make the representation of rural people of the second half of the 19th century more convincing and true to life; in order to confer a sense of the era, the surroundings, and the temperament of the people, Tammsaare used traits of dialect when constructing the characters’ speech. When we consider these dialect elements in the context of the novel’s content, more specific goals come into view. In addition to identifying the characters as farm folk, geographically locating them in the area of central and western dialects, and representing 19th century village society as truthfully as possible, dialect in the speech of characters also serves comedy and satire. Furthermore, it illustrates the linguistic hierarchies prevalent at the time the events took place and undergirds oppositions among the characters. As is true more generally when literary texts make use of dialect, in Truth and Justice Part I the various purposes of dialect use are intertwined. Most important, however, is the pursuit of realism, which encompasses all other indicators and the language-based opposition that structures the entire work: the opposition between the the two farm families at Vargamäe, Ees- and Tagapere (the family in the „front“ and the family in the „back“ of Vargamäe. Social hierarchies are reinforced by the language use of educated characters, which is closer to the written language, and by the

  2. Every Now And Then: Journalists and Twitter Use in Turkey

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    Banu Akdenizli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study builds on Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton’s (2012 work, and on a studyby the Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism, HowMainstream Media Outlets Use Twitter (2012; and focuses on how journalists in Turkey behave on Twitter. It aims to explore what kind of information Turkish journalists share online and how they share it, if and how they engage with fellow users; and how their overall Twitter practice influences, and in some cases, redefines their role as professional journalists. To answer these research questions a list of the 20 most-read Turkish journalists and their 1715 tweets between March 5, 2012 and March 19, 2012 were analyzed. The study revealed that the journalists observed varied widely in how frequently they posted, and on what topics they posted. Data showed that journalists in some cases used the retweet function to share information mainstream media was perhaps not able to cover live or with people on site. In terms of retweeting there was a fair share of selfpromotion going on in terms of publicizing one’s own story and also other stories from the journalist’s news organization. Journalists also answered specific questions about their work or were asked to elaborate on certain matters. There was also a fair share of satire and lighthearted commentary on popular culture, food, travel and aging. This study representsa first-of-a-kind content analysis of Twitter use by journalists in Turkey. As Twitter becomes more mainstream its use patterns are likely to evolve as well, yet at this point the study suggests that, generally speaking, Twitter use by journalists for reporting purposes is in its infancy in 2012. The study provides a snapshot of a certain period and can serve as a benchmark for further studies of Twitter use among journalists in Turkey. Cette étude s’appuie sur le travail de Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton (2012 et sur une étude du Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism

  3. Nef’î Hakkında Bir Bibliyografya Denemesi An Essay Of Bibliography About Nef’i

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    Halil Sercan KOŞİK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nef’î who lived in the first half of 17th century was born in Hasankale one of districts of Erzurum. The poet whose real name was Ömer had a life full of struggles but he managed to produce some important works through his life. Nef’î, one of the leading poets of divan poetry was celebrated much at his age and after his death. Such a reputation is originated from the sharpness of his pen, his talent as well as his wit. Nef’î whose usage of praise and satire is extreme is known forhis mastership in using rhythm and rhyme in his poems. While attaching importance to meaning and utterance he tried to use a new language and accomplished that to a great degree. His knowledge of Persian Language and Literature played a considerable role.A lot has been written so far about Nef’î and a great many research exists about his works too. However it is obvious that there will be many works about Nef’î, a productive poet. In this study a classification of Nef’î’s works and scientific studies about him and his works will be presented. Our research focuses to illustrate which part of his works is the center of modern researches and which parts are not. In addition, it is expected that our research will provided useful information to researchers studying Nef’î as a guide for sources regarding him. On yedinci yüzyılın ilk yarısında yaşamış olan Nef’î, Erzurum’un Hasankale ilçesinde doğmuştur. Asıl adı Ömer olan şair, oldukça mücadele dolu bir hayat geçirmiş ve bu hayata aynı zamanda önemli denilebilecek eserler de sığdırabilmeyi başarmıştır. Divan şiirinin önde gelen şairlerden biri olan Nef’î, adından hem yaşadığı dönemde hem de sonrasında çokça söz ettirmiştir. Nef’î’nin böyle bir şöhrete kavuşması onun edebi yeteneği ve kıvrak zekası yanında kaleminin keskin olmasından kaynaklanmaktadır. Övdüğünü çok iyi öven, yerdiğini de çok kötü bir şekilde yeren Nef

  4. Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2

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    K. Matthes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the recommended solar forcing dataset for CMIP6 and highlights changes with respect to CMIP5. The solar forcing is provided for radiative properties, namely total solar irradiance (TSI, solar spectral irradiance (SSI, and the F10.7 index as well as particle forcing, including geomagnetic indices Ap and Kp, and ionization rates to account for effects of solar protons, electrons, and galactic cosmic rays. This is the first time that a recommendation for solar-driven particle forcing has been provided for a CMIP exercise. The solar forcing datasets are provided at daily and monthly resolution separately for the CMIP6 preindustrial control, historical (1850–2014, and future (2015–2300 simulations. For the preindustrial control simulation, both constant and time-varying solar forcing components are provided, with the latter including variability on 11-year and shorter timescales but no long-term changes. For the future, we provide a realistic scenario of what solar behavior could be, as well as an additional extreme Maunder-minimum-like sensitivity scenario. This paper describes the forcing datasets and also provides detailed recommendations as to their implementation in current climate models.For the historical simulations, the TSI and SSI time series are defined as the average of two solar irradiance models that are adapted to CMIP6 needs: an empirical one (NRLTSI2–NRLSSI2 and a semi-empirical one (SATIRE. A new and lower TSI value is recommended: the contemporary solar-cycle average is now 1361.0 W m−2. The slight negative trend in TSI over the three most recent solar cycles in the CMIP6 dataset leads to only a small global radiative forcing of −0.04 W m−2. In the 200–400 nm wavelength range, which is important for ozone photochemistry, the CMIP6 solar forcing dataset shows a larger solar-cycle variability contribution to TSI than in CMIP5 (50 % compared to 35 %.We compare the climatic effects of

  5. Mahalli Fıkra Tipine Bir Örnek: Erzurumlu Naim Hoca One Type of Anecdote of Local Example: Hoca Erzurumlu Naim

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    Yusuf KOTAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the important types of folk literature satire, in a large geographical area consisting of many thousands of years, products of oral tradition of folk literaturen. These products, although oral edebiyatımız as a kind of took its place in the literature long ago, particularly after the Tanzimat era has gained vitality. This vitality,though no doubt in some quarters that the jokes have suffered tab, inalmost every nation acquires an important social and cultural life.Feeling and thinking, of a nation, intelligence, humor, and mostimportantly the power of judgment to reflect the common opinion is ofgreat importance in terms of paragraphs. One of the important elementsin the formation of these clauses in the clause types. These types, asdescribed in the paragraph is the hero, as well as to express thecommon characteristics of living is important for society. These typeswith almost every region of Anatolia, and they faced a yararlanmaktayızthis narrative. Who live in this very important region in terms ofreflecting the properties of typecasting, giving expressions to represent aparticular feature of the local stage.Erzurum folklore, is a rich resource for Turkish folklore. Althoughthis has been a rich source folklorumuzun on the part of many researchstudies conducted on jokes is almost negligible. Based on theseapproaches, we also provide a contribution to the folklore of Erzurum inboth types of clause in Erzurum, an important place in the memory ofour people who had said Naim Hodja jokes we introduce this valuableanecdotes of people will try to share with you. Halk edebiyatımızın önemli türlerinden biri olan fıkralar, çok geniş bir coğrafi alan içinde oluşan binlerce yıldan beri sözlü gelenekte yaşayan halk edebiyatı ürünleridir. Bu ürünler, sözlü edebiyatımız içerisinde yerini çok öncelerden almış olsa da bir tür olarak edebiyatımızda bilhassa Tanzimat döneminden sonra canlılık kazanmıştır. Bu canl

  6. Editor's welcome, PORTAL Vol. 3, No. 2, July 2006

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    Paul Allatson

    2006-09-01

    contains two essays in its general academic section. François Provenzano’s ‘Francophonie et études francophones: considérations historiques et métacritiques sur quelques concepts majeurs’ offers a sustained meditation and critique of the discourse of Francophonic unity, and suggests a range of possible critical directions for future research into the study of French-speaking zones, peoples and cultures. Barbara Elizabeth Hanna and Juliana de Nooy’s ‘The Seduction of Sarah: Travel Memoirs and Intercultural Learning’, focuses on a big-selling memoir that was also something of a media-sensation on its publication in Australia in 2002, expatriate Australian journalist Sarah Turnbull’s account of her ambivalent ‘new life’ in Paris, France, after her marriage to a local: Almost French: A New Life in Paris. Interested in Turnbull’s autobiography as a potentially useful and productive classroom text for demonstrating, and enabling discussion of, intercultural difference, the authors’ rich analysis demonstrates that such texts present a host of problems to the teacher keen to work with students’ self-critical capacities to locate themselves in international and transcultural frameworks. We are delighted, as well, to present three cultural works in this issue: Katherine Elizabeth Clay’s evocative ‘comic’ narrative of study abroad, ‘From Penrith to Paris,’ itself a lively visual-textual antidote to Turnbull’s ambivalently romanticized view of (not-quite-belonging in Paris (as discussed by Hanna and de Nooy in this issue; a typically idiosyncratic satire about the current German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, from Anthony Stephens, expertly deploying an ancient Celtic narrative verse form; and California-based Chicana writer Susana Chávez-Silverman’s code-switching chronicle/crónica, ‘Oda a la ambigüedad Crónica,’ a beautifully concise exploration of loss and the sensory regime of memorialisation. Paul Allatson, Chair, PORTAL Editorial

  7. L’Immaculée Conception après le concile de Bâle dans les provinces dominicaines et franciscaines de Teutonie et de Saxe : débats et iconographie

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    Martina Wehrli-Johns

    2012-04-01

    during the last decades before the outbreak of the Reformation where theological reflection had to give way to polemic and where the art of printing provided the means to reach a public outside the monasteries and universities. The use of printed images of the Immaculate Virgin played therefore an important role in the campaign of the humanistic circle of Sebastian Brand as well as printed illustrations of the “Jetzer affair” in the satirical chronicle of the Franciscan Thomas Murner.

  8. Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthes, Katja; Funke, Bernd; Andersson, Monika E.; Barnard, Luke; Beer, Jürg; Charbonneau, Paul; Clilverd, Mark A.; Dudok de Wit, Thierry; Haberreiter, Margit; Hendry, Aaron; Jackman, Charles H.; Kretzschmar, Matthieu; Kruschke, Tim; Kunze, Markus; Langematz, Ulrike; Marsh, Daniel R.; Maycock, Amanda C.; Misios, Stergios; Rodger, Craig J.; Scaife, Adam A.; Seppälä, Annika; Shangguan, Ming; Sinnhuber, Miriam; Tourpali, Kleareti; Usoskin, Ilya; van de Kamp, Max; Verronen, Pekka T.; Versick, Stefan

    2017-06-01

    This paper describes the recommended solar forcing dataset for CMIP6 and highlights changes with respect to CMIP5. The solar forcing is provided for radiative properties, namely total solar irradiance (TSI), solar spectral irradiance (SSI), and the F10.7 index as well as particle forcing, including geomagnetic indices Ap and Kp, and ionization rates to account for effects of solar protons, electrons, and galactic cosmic rays. This is the first time that a recommendation for solar-driven particle forcing has been provided for a CMIP exercise. The solar forcing datasets are provided at daily and monthly resolution separately for the CMIP6 preindustrial control, historical (1850-2014), and future (2015-2300) simulations. For the preindustrial control simulation, both constant and time-varying solar forcing components are provided, with the latter including variability on 11-year and shorter timescales but no long-term changes. For the future, we provide a realistic scenario of what solar behavior could be, as well as an additional extreme Maunder-minimum-like sensitivity scenario. This paper describes the forcing datasets and also provides detailed recommendations as to their implementation in current climate models.For the historical simulations, the TSI and SSI time series are defined as the average of two solar irradiance models that are adapted to CMIP6 needs: an empirical one (NRLTSI2-NRLSSI2) and a semi-empirical one (SATIRE). A new and lower TSI value is recommended: the contemporary solar-cycle average is now 1361.0 W m-2. The slight negative trend in TSI over the three most recent solar cycles in the CMIP6 dataset leads to only a small global radiative forcing of -0.04 W m-2. In the 200-400 nm wavelength range, which is important for ozone photochemistry, the CMIP6 solar forcing dataset shows a larger solar-cycle variability contribution to TSI than in CMIP5 (50 % compared to 35 %).We compare the climatic effects of the CMIP6 solar forcing dataset to its CMIP

  9. Reklamlarda Karikatür Kullanımı: Piyale Örneği

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    Ayşe Binay Kurultay

    2015-08-01

    önemsellik gözetilerek gösterge bilimsel olarak değerlendirilmiştir.Anahtar Sözcükler: Karikatür, Reklam, Piyale                                          Use of Cartoons in Advertising: The Case of PiyaleAbstract            As a satirical art form with a mission to make the audience think, to teach something and to persuade, cartoons have become attractive visuals for advertisers. Cartoons express an idea in a simple yet effective manner which is the reason for being the choice of brands for their of advertisements that aim to create a behavioral change in the consumer and sell their products as well as increasing brand awareness. Advertisements using cartoons achieve this as all other advertisements do, sometimes through a slogan and other times through creating a position, a character and an identity for the brand. Cartoons have been used in advertisements for major brands in the 1960’s in Turkey, primarily for the banking industry and spaghetti.            In this study the advertisements for Piyale Spaghetti, known as “the brand that introduced spaghetti to Turkey” that use cartoons as visuals in the 1960’s were investigated. The relationship of cartoons as a form of communication and advertisements as a form of marketing was evaluated using semiotic analysis.As cartoons are woven with messages based on drawings and visuals, post-structuralist semiotic analysis was chosen as the methodology. As it is necessary for this methodology, cartoons’ symbolic universe as well as the textual universe was investigated for the importance historical period has over meaning making of signs. In this direction, in the years advertisements including cartoons, themes such as women, family, health, trust have been semiotically evaluated with periodicity in mind.Keywords: Caricature, Cartoon, Advertising, Piyale 

  10. Prominent stylistic aspects in music of Nāser Khosrow's poetry

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    Morteza Mohseni

    2017-04-01

    speech which are based on some types repetition ( for internal music of poetry.     In this paper, musical characteristics of Nāser-e Khosrow's poetry were classified into three sections comparing with those of the three above cited poets: A in prosody or external area, main characteristics of his style were concluded into two items: 1 using rare meters, and 2 pause in meter, which is one of the main factors for making his quasidas' meters unpleasant. One reason for this could be "poetic emotions".  It means that the meter of Nāser-e Khosrow's poetry is not a selective act. It is related directly to his emotions and this is one reason for his metric differences in comparison to those of other poets. His emotions are mirrored in his poetical meters and because his emotions are different from others', his used meters are different from others'. So that the reason for pauses or his unpleasant meters in his poems was related to his different emotions. Another reason for using unpleasant and difficult meters was that Nāser-e Khosrow avoided kings' courts (as an incentive for using pleasant meters for other contemporaries. Besides, attention and emphasis on such topics as advice, asceticism, and criticism influenced on the type of used meters and quality of  meter selection by Nāser-e Khosrow. B in lateral area of  Nāser-e Khosrow's music of poetry, the only point to be noticed is using non-verb radifs more than his contemporaries. C Considering the internal area of Nāser-e Khosrow's music of poetry, the most important characteristics of his poetry style is ample using of such devices as alliteration, assonance, and some types of pun. But one important point about pun in his poetry is in special use of that as a pivot for satire, criticism and lampoon.

  11. Roman picaresque et prose d’idées : Guzmán de Alfarache de Mateo Alemán

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    Jean-Louis Brau

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La prose d’idées et la littérature ne sont pas des catégories textuelles étanches car si la première utilise abondamment des exempla fictionnels pour illustrer ses démonstrations, la seconde contient toujours une dimension idéologique plus ou moins importante et plus ou moins explicite. Il s’agit donc d’une affaire de « dosage » entre la matière idéologique et la matière fictionnelle, dosage qui permet en principe de ranger les oeuvres dans l’une ou l’autre catégorie, ce qui n’est pas toujours évident car certaines oeuvres se situent à la frontière entre les deux. C’est le cas du roman picaresque espagnol, facétieux et burlesque, mais qui véhicule aussi dès les origines une indéniable satire sociale et morale. Le chef-d’œuvre du genre, le Guzmán de Alfarache de Mateo Alemán, se distingue par sa structure extrêmement digressive. Les aventures picaresques du protagoniste sont constamment entrecoupées de discours idéologiques sur toutes sortes de sujets touchant à la société et à la morale, discours entrelardés de cellules narratives secondaires qui font office d’exempla. L’ensemble de ces « sermons », d’un pessimisme profond, a sa source dans la doctrine religieuse catholique longuement exposée et appliquée rigoureusement et dans laquelle se détachent les thèmes fondamentaux du déterminisme, donc de la prédestination, et du libre arbitre de l’homme. Le Guzmán de Alfarache apparaît ainsi comme un vaste traité théologico-moral illustré par une infinité d’exempla parmi lesquels la fiction picaresque, l’histoire du gueux, est aussi un exemplum, le plus vaste et le plus important, au service de la thèse centrale du livre : la possibilité de rédemption de l’homme, fût-il le criminel le plus endurci, s’il est sauvé par la miséricorde divine. A tous les niveaux, thématique, réthorique et stylistique, le Guzmán de Alfarache a donc de grandes affinités avec la prose d

  12. Dénonciation et récupération du stéréotype dans l'œuvre romanesque de Jardiel Poncela

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    Cécile François

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fondée sur une esthétique de la répétition, voire du ressassement perpétuel, la littérature populaire de masse constitue une forme de « prêt-à-lire » à destination d'un lecteur considéré avant tout comme un consommateur. A l'intérieur de cette production, le roman d'amour apparaît comme un genre particulièrement codifié, qui s'organise autour de motifs récurrents et de séquences narratives et thématiques stéréotypées. Dans sa trilogie romanesque, qu'il définit d'emblée comme une satire littéraire, Enrique Jardiel Poncela propose au lecteur une promenade ludique et démystifiante dans les coulisses du genre. Rédigée à la fin des années 1920, l'œuvre de l'écrivain madrilène s'inscrit, en effet, dans un contexte de méfiance généralisée à l'égard des stéréotypes, caractéristique des Avant-gardes littéraires et artistiques. Outre la dénonciation directe par le biais de commentaires métanarratifs particulièrement caustiques, la dimension iconoclaste de la trilogie apparaît sous la forme d'une dénudation systématique et ironique des paradigmes narratifs traditionnels. La séquence stéréotypée du fameux duo d'amour, avec ses traits récurrents, tels que la promenade au clair de lune, le premier baiser ou les larmes de l'héroïne, fait ainsi les frais de l'humour anticonformiste et subversif de l'auteur. Toutefois, pour Jardiel Poncela, déconstruction n'est pas synonyme de destruction. A l'encontre des Dadaïstes qui prétendaient faire table rase des conventions dominantes, le jeune auteur, quant à lui, entend faire œuvre de création grâce à une récupération ludique et inventive du stéréotype. C'est ainsi que pour redynamiser des pratiques romanesques sclérosées, Jardiel Poncela se réfère non seulement à de nouveaux moyens d'expression, tels que la bande dessinée ou le cinéma, mais il sollicite également la coopération d'un lecteur complice qu'il associe en permanence à ses jeux de

  13. Book review: The Sympathizer. A Vietnamese spy novel and the attempt to de-americanize our view on the war

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    Schmitz, Britta

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 1975, the Vietnam War has just ended, but the cold war and the clash of ideologies are still going on. This would of course be the perfect background for some run-of-the-mill thriller written by a white American for a Western audience. And without knowing anything further, we might first think that The Sympathizer, which was recently translated into German and marketed as a “thriller” and “spy novel”, would be just one of those. However, things and people are all too often not what they seem to be – an adage which has never been more true than in this story. Far more than simply a thriller, it is also a political novel, a satirical story, refugee literature and a critique of modern mass media, all interspersed with discursive passages and spiced with literary references and aphorisms. Furthermore, the author is not a white American. The Sympathizer is the debut novel of Vietnamese-American Viet Thanh Nguyen, which won him the Pulitzer Prize in 2016 along with a great many other awards. Nguyen was born in Vietnam and grew up in the USA from where he experienced both cultures and had insight to both perspectives on the Vietnam War. He is a Professor of English and American Studies and Ethnicity primarily focused on “Americanization”, how the American perspective continues to dominate film, literature and pop culture. His book is a critique of this prevailing view and includes the issues of acculturation and identity crisis of immigrants, along with the importance of loyalty and relationships (or the lack of those. The narrator and protagonist of the story is a man who has no name and is only referred to as “the captain” throughout the book. We encounter him fleeing Saigon, accompanying a general of the South Vietnamese army, we know already that he has a secret. In the very first lines he reveals that he is a sleeper agent and actually working for the Viet Cong and spying on the South Vietnamese military and the CIA. The captain