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  1. Formulation, in vitro release and transdermal diffusion of salicylic acid and topical niacinamide / by Sarita Jacobs

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Acne affects as many as 80% of young adults and adolescents all over the world. This detrimental condition can be classified into four stages: (a) open comedo (blackhead), (b) closed comedo (whitehead), (c) papule and (d) pustule (Russell, 2000:357-366). There are various factors that can lead to acne outbreaks which include: (a) hormone level changes during the menstrual cycle in women, (b) certain drugs (i.e. lithium), (c) certain cosmetics and (d) environmental conditions such as humidity ...

  2. Preliminary results of the research at corded ware sites in the Narva-Luga interfluve Estonian-Russian borders area in 2008-2014 / Aivar Kriiska, Kekko Nordqvist, Dmitri V. Gerassimov, Sarita Sandell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    2008-2014. aastatel aset leidnud kaevamiste käigus on avastatud umbes 1000 km2 suuruselt alalt üle 40 uue kinnismuistisedateeringuga 5100-2000 eKr. Savinõude sarnasus uuritud alal osutab Narva-Lauga piirkonna ühtsele keraamikatraditsioonile

  3. Preliminary results of the research at corded ware sites in the Narva-Luga interfluve Estonian-Russian borders area in 2008-2014 / Aivar Kriiska, Kekko Nordqvist, Dmitri V. Gerassimov, Sarita Sandell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    2008-2014. aastatel aset leidnud kaevamiste käigus on avastatud umbes 1000 km2 suuruselt alalt üle 40 uue kinnismuistisedateeringuga 5100-2000 eKr. Savinõude sarnasus uuritud alal osutab Narva-Lauga piirkonna ühtsele keraamikatraditsioonile

  4. Learning Organizations. Developing Cultures for Tomorrow's Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chawla, Sarita, Ed.; Renesch, John, Ed.

    This anthology contains 32 essays: "Beginner's Mind" (Sarita Chawla);"Communities of Commitment: The Heart of Learning Organizations" (Fred Kofman, Peter Senge); "Managing the Dream" (Charles Handy); "Ahead of the Wave: Valuing Gender Perspective in Learning Cultures" (Marilynne Anderson); "Mastering…

  5. Honoring Controversy: Using Real-World Problems to Teach Critical Thinking in Honors Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargas, Sarita

    2016-01-01

    In this article Sarita Cargas suggests that getting honors students used to analyzing controversies will contribute to their developing a disposition toward critical thinking. She goes on to say that the value of teaching critical-thinking skills complements the movement of many honors programs toward teaching more than just disciplinary content.…

  6. Reviewer Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    RRachit NegiRadhika MariappanRafiq MirRahul BansalRahul ChaturvediRahul DandekarRahul KatiyarRaihan BoyleRaja JebasinghRajarajan KRajeev BijalwanRajesh GaikwadRajesh GargRajesh KumarRajesh KunwarRajinder SamyalRaju PatilRakesh KakkarRakesh SharmaRam MandalRama SinghR KamathRanganatha S CRanjana SinghRanjeeta KumariRapolu YadagiriRashmi GodeRashmi HullalliRavi AvRavi ShankarRavikiran KamateRavleen BakshiReema KumariReetu SharmaRenu AgarwalRenu ChauhanRenu SulakheRicha SinhaRijul RanjanRijuta PandavRitika TiwariRitu KashyapRochak SaxenaRohit DhakaRuby KhanRuchi DharRuchi JuyalRuchir RustagiRuchita DixitRujul ShuklaRujuta HadayeRupali RoyS C GuptaS D KandpalS MohapatraS SaxenaSachin GuptaSachin PandeySachin YadavSadhana AwasthiJyoti SharmaSaima AkhundSamarjeet KaurSamreen KhanS ChakrabortySandeep BabarSandeep PanigrahiSandip KumarSanjay GuptaSanjay JhaSanjay PandeySanjay TripathiSanjay ZodpeySanjeev DaveySanjeev GuptaSanjeev KhichiSanjeev KumarS VaithiyalingamSarita SoodSatya LenkaS ChakrabortyS VarshneySayani DuttaSayed K MominSeema DiwanSeema JainSenthil Kumar S KShabnam AnsariShailendra KumarShailesh KawaleShailesh SumanShaili VyasShalini DwivediPooransinghShalini SrivastavShanta KhesSharvanan UdayarShashank K JShazia ShafiSheesham AgarwalSheetal PatelSheikh SaleemShereen SadiqShibani DattaShikha HandaShivani KalraShivani RaoShivender SinghShivraj BhimteShraddha MishraShveta SainiShweta RajpalShyam DixitS ShivalliS MukherjeeSimmi OberoiSindhuri RSitanshu KarSmiji ChiramalSmita ValekarSonal RaniSonali ChoudhariSonia TiwariSonu GoelSrikanth ReddyS RanganathanS Krishnan VSrishti DixitSubodh KarmakarSudharshini SubramaniamSudhir ChawlaSudhir GuptaS BhattacharyaSugandha JauhariSujan MarahattaSumana SamantaSumeet DixitSumit DhruveSumit JethaniSunder LalSuneel KaushalSunil GargSunil MisraSunita DhakedSunny AggarwalSuprakas HazraSurabhi MishraSuraj ChawlaSuraj SenjamSuravi PatraSurekha KishoreS TripathiSurya BaliSushil BansalSushil DalalSushil KabraSushil ShuklaSwapan Maji

  7. Record decrease of sea surface temperature following the passage of a super cyclone over the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sadhuram, Y.

    is quite common in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, following the pa s- sage of a hurricane 5 . 1. Mohapatra, M., Gupta, D. C., Chanch a lani, N. K. and Dastidar, S. K., J. Indian Ge o- phys. Union , 2002, 6 , 93 ? 106. 2. Dvorak, V. P...

  8. QTL Information Table: 767 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available erval RIL Pusa 1121 Pusa 1342 A RM1812 RM209 pha Amarawathi, Y., Singh, R., Singh, A.K., Singh, V.P., Mohapa...tra, T., Sharma, T.R., and Singh, N.K. (2007). Mapping of quantitative trait loci for basmati quality traits in rice ( Oryza sativa L.) Molecular Breeding. ...

  9. Approximation of the semi-infinite interval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. McD. Mercer

    1980-01-01

    Full Text Available The approximation of a function f∈C[a,b] by Bernstein polynomials is well-known. It is based on the binomial distribution. O. Szasz has shown that there are analogous approximations on the interval [0,∞ based on the Poisson distribution. Recently R. Mohapatra has generalized Szasz' result to the case in which the approximating function is αe−ux∑k=N∞(uxkα+β−1Γ(kα+βf(kαuThe present note shows that these results are special cases of a Tauberian theorem for certain infinite series having positive coefficients.

  10. Elongation Factor P Interactions with the Ribosome Are Independent of Pausing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollerson, Rodney; Witzky, Anne; Ibba, Michael

    2017-08-01

    Bacterial elongation factor P (EF-P) plays a pivotal role in the translation of polyproline motifs. To stimulate peptide bond formation, EF-P must enter the ribosome via an empty E-site. Using fluorescence-based single-molecule tracking, Mohapatra et al. (S. Mohapatra, H. Choi, X. Ge, S. Sanyal, and J. C. Weisshaar, mBio 8:e00300-17, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00300-17) monitored the cellular distribution of EF-P and quantified the frequency of association between EF-P and the ribosome under various conditions. Findings from the study showed that EF-P has a localization pattern that is strikingly similar to that of ribosomes. Intriguingly, EF-P was seen to bind ribosomes more frequently than the estimated number of pausing events, indicating that E-site vacancies occur even when ribosomes are not paused. The study provides new insights into the mechanism of EF-P-dependent peptide bond formation and the intricacies of translation elongation. Copyright © 2017 Tollerson et al.

  11. Chronic organophosphate-induced neuropsychiatric disorder: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghimire SR

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Shree Ram Ghimire,1 Sarita Parajuli2 1Department of Psychiatry, National Medical College, Birgunj, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Kathmandu National Medical College, Anamnagar, Kathmandu, Nepal Abstract: Chronic organophosphate (OP-induced neuropsychiatric disorder is a rare condition following prolonged exposure to OP compounds. Due to the lack of valid diagnostic tools and criteria, very few cases are seen in clinical practice and are often misdiagnosed. Misdiagnosis can lead to inappropriate treatment that may increase the risk of morbidity or suicidality. In this paper, we present the case of a 35-year-old male who needed support in breathing from a mechanical ventilator and developed neuropsychiatric behavioral problems following ingestion of OP compounds, which lead to suicidality. The patient was treated by the psychiatric team with antipsychotic and antidepressants and improved following the regular use of medication. Keywords: COPIND, mood liability, suicidal thoughts

  12. Beyond the Standard Model: Working group report

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Gautam Bhattacharyya; Amitava Raychaudhuri

    2000-07-01

    This report summarises the work done in the ‘Beyond the Standard Model’ working group of the Sixth Workshop on High Energy Physics Phenomenology (WHEPP-6) held at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, Jan 3–15, 2000. The participants in this working group were: R Adhikari, B Ananthanarayan, K P S Balaji, Gour Bhattacharya, Gautam Bhattacharyya, Chao-Hsi Chang (Zhang), D Choudhury, Amitava Datta, Anindya Datta, Asesh K Datta, A Dighe, N Gaur, D Ghosh, A Goyal, K Kar, S F King, Anirban Kundu, U Mahanta, R N Mohapatra, B Mukhopadhyaya, S Pakvasa, P N Pandita, M K Parida, P Poulose, G Raffelt, G Rajasekaran, S Rakshit, Asim K Ray, A Raychaudhuri, S Raychaudhuri, D P Roy, P Roy, S Roy, K Sridhar and S Vempati.

  13. Consolidation of geologic studies of geopressured geothermal resources in Texas. 1982 annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morton, R.A.; Ewing, T.E.; Kaiser, W.R.; Finley, R.J.

    1983-03-01

    Detailed structural mapping at several horizons in selected study areas within the Frio growth-fault trend demonstrates a pronounced variability in structural style. At Sarita in South Texas, shale mobilization produced one or more shale ridges, one of which localized a low-angle growth fault trapping a wedge of deltaic sediments. At Corpus Christi, shale mobilization produced a series of large growth faults, shale-cored domed anticlines, and shale-withdrawal basins, which become progressively younger basinward. At Blessing, major growth faults trapped sands of the Greta/Carancahua barrier system with little progradation. At Pleasant Bayou, a major early growth-fault pattern was overprinted by later salt tectonics - the intrusion of Danbury Dome and the development of a salt-withdrawal basin. At Port Arthur, low-displacement, long-lived faults formed on a sand-poor shelf margin contemporaneously with broad salt uplifts and basins. Variability in styles is related to the nature and extent of Frio sedimentation and shelf-margin progradation and to the presence or absence of salt. Structural styles that are conducive to the development of large geothermal reservoirs include blocks between widely spaced growth faults having dip reversal, salt-withdrawal basins, and shale-withdrawal basins. These styles are widespread on the Texas Gulf Coast. However, actually finding a large reservoir depends on demonstrating the existence of sufficient sandstone with adequate quality to support geopressured geothermal energy production.

  14. Esponjas tetraxonidas do litoral sul-brasileiro: II-material coletado pelo N/Oc. "prof. W. Besnard" durante o programa Rio Grande do Sul Tetraxonid sponges occurring in southern Brazil: II-material collected by R/V "prof. W. Besnard" during the Rio Grande do Sul program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Mothes de Moraes

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available É descrita no presente trabalho uma serie de esponjas tetraxonidas, co letadas no Atlântico Sul entre Cidreira e Sarita, pelo N/Oc. "Prof. W. Besnard", durante o período de junho a dezembro de 1968, com dados sobre a salinidade e a temperatura dos pontos de coleta, bem como sobre a distribuição geográfica e batimêtrica dos exemplares estudados.Six species of tetraxonid sponges occurring in southern Brazil are studied: Jaspis johnstoni (Schmidt, 1862; Geodia eosaster (Sollas, 1888; Erylus oxyaster Lendenfeld, 1910; Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868; Sphinctrella cribrifera (Sollas, 1886 and Coscinospongia typus (Schmidt, 1870 . Data are also given on the temperature and salinity for the oceanographie stations where the specimens were collected in the South Atlantic coast at Rio Grande do Sul (Lat. 30º60'S - 33º29'S and Long. 49º13'W - 50º44'W. The collections were made by R/V. "Prof . W. Besnard", from 150-284 m depth, during the period of June to December, 1968. All species are recorded for the first time for the coast of Rio Grande do Sul. Morphological characteristics and spicular structure of the specimens are described and illustrated. Spicular measures are also given for the material studied.

  15. FAMILY, A MANACLE OF FEMALE: AN APPRAISAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. A. Parvatha Varthini

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at bringing self-determination to female from the accountabilities given to them or forced on them even by women sometimes with or without their own knowledge. Shashi Deshpande, an evident novelist to deal with familial life and women’s predicaments is taken for this assessment. The novels of Deshpande illuminate disharmony in man-woman relationship. Indian woman has carried the burden of family, slaved for her husband and children, without minding whether the family is extended or nuclear. Sarita alias Saru in The Dark Holds No Terrors is an apt example who earns more than her husband Manu that is the cause of her despair in life. Another novel of Shashi Deshpande chosen for this evaluation is A Matter of Time, a three generation story in which Kalyani is one of the most important characters in her novels. In this paper feministic approach is applied to bring out female’s pathetic condition in the patriarchal society. Even though in this twenty first century it seems that female are given freedom to acquire more space in all the fields like astronaut, politics and so on, they are not considered human beings and their feelings and emotions are not appreciated properly.

  16. Genetic and chemical knockdown: a complementary strategy for evaluating an anti-infective target

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramachandran V

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Vasanthi Ramachandran,1,* Ragini Singh,2,* Xiaoyu Yang,1 Ragadeepthi Tunduguru,1 Subrat Mohapatra,2 Swati Khandelwal,2 Sanjana Patel,2 Santanu Datta21AstraZeneca India R&D, Bangalore, India; 2Cellworks India, Bangalore, India *These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: The equity of a drug target is principally evaluated by its genetic vulnerability with tools ranging from antisense- and microRNA-driven knockdowns to induced expression of the target protein. In order to upgrade the process of antibacterial target identification and discern its most effective type of inhibition, an in silico toolbox that evaluates its genetic and chemical vulnerability leading either to stasis or cidal outcome was constructed and validated. By precise simulation and careful experimentation using enolpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate synthase and its specific inhibitor glyphosate, it was shown that genetic knockdown is distinct from chemical knockdown. It was also observed that depending on the particular mechanism of inhibition, viz competitive, uncompetitive, and noncompetitive, the antimicrobial potency of an inhibitor could be orders of magnitude different. Susceptibility of Escherichia coli to glyphosate and the lack of it in Mycobacterium tuberculosis could be predicted by the in silico platform. Finally, as predicted and simulated in the in silico platform, the translation of growth inhibition to a cidal effect was able to be demonstrated experimentally by altering the carbon source from sorbitol to glucose.Keywords: knockdown, inhibition, in silico, vulnerability

  17. Two loop unification of non-SUSY SO(10) GUT with TeV scalars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, T. Daniel

    2017-03-01

    In this paper we examine gauge coupling unification of the non-SUSY SO(10) grand unified theory proposed by Babu and Mohapatra [Phys. Lett. B 715, 328 (2012), 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.08.006] at the two loop level. This theory breaks down to the standard model in a single step and has the distinguishing feature of TeV nonstandard model scalars. This leads to a plethora of interesting new physics at the TeV scale and the discovery of new particles at the LHC. This model gives rise to testable proton decay, neutron-antineutron oscillations, provides a mechanism for baryogenesis, and contains potential dark matter candidates. In this paper, we compute the two loop beta function and show that this model unifies to two loop order around 1 015 GeV . We then compute the proton lifetime, taking into account threshold effects and show that these effects place it above the Super-Kamiokande limit [K. Abe et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collaboration), Phys. Rev. D 95, 012004 (2017)., 10.1103/PhysRevD.95.012004].

  18. Sterile Neutrinos, Dominant Seesaw Mechanisms, Double Beta Decay, and Other Predictions

    CERN Document Server

    Parida, M K

    2016-01-01

    In a recent review Mohapatra has discussed how type-I seesaw mechanism suppressed by fine tuning of Yukawa cpuplings, or specific textures of associated fermion mass matrices, can form the basis of neutrino masses in TeV scale $W_R$ boson models. In this paper we review recent works in another class of theories where the added presence of fermion singlets manifesting as sterile neutrinos render the type-I seesaw contribution vanishing but extended seesaw dominant where the light neutrino mass formula is same as the inverse seesaw but all massive neutrinos are Majorana fermions. We discuss how this cancellation criteria has led to a new mechanism of type-II seesaw dominance which also permits $U(1)_{B-L}$ breaking scale much smaller than the left-handed triplet mass and accessible to direct experimental tests. Out of a number of new observable predictions, the most visible one in both cases is the dominant contribution to double beta decay mediated by light sterile neutrinos in the $W_L-W_L$ channel. This sees...

  19. Neutrino Mass and Proton Decay in a Realistic Supersymmetric SO(10) Model

    CERN Document Server

    Severson, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    This work presents a complete analysis of fermion fitting and proton decay in a SUSY $SO(10)$ model previously suggested by Dutta, Mimura, and Mohapatra. A key question in any grand unified theory is whether it satisfies the experimental lower limits on proton partial lifetimes. In generic models, substantial fine-tuning is required among GUT-scale parameters to satisfy the limits. In the proposed model, the ${\\bf 10}$, $\\overline{\\bf{126}}$, and ${\\bf 120}$ Yukawa couplings contributing to fermion masses have restricted textures intended to give favorable results for proton lifetime, while still giving rise to a realistic fermion sector, without the need for fine-tuning, even for large $\\tan\\beta$, and for either type-I or type-II dominance in the neutrino mass matrix. In this thesis, I investigate the above hypothesis at a strict numerical level of scrutiny; I obtain a valid fit for the entire fermion sector for both types of seesaw dominance, including $\\theta_{13}$ in good agreement with the most recent d...

  20. THE CRUSADE OF A TIGRESS FOR A NEW IDENTITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ab. Majeed Dar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Tiger Hills as the title of the novel reflects a typical place wherein only Tiger (Male can rule. It is a geographical as well as a dreamscape of Adam where Eve is, but forbidden to Trespass. It is published by Phoenix, Orion Books Ltd 2010 with its first sentence as, “Muthavva knew her seventh child was special, had known from the very day of her birth, the day of the herons.” (p-1 It is an unusual story of a village girl raped by her friend, she eventually loses her childhood love, Machu and that grief shatters her life. Through her artistic sensibilities Mandanna depicts the inner sufferings of Devi, the protagonist. Keeping aside her marriage, Devi fights the trauma of rape and her lost love. She represents undaunted courage to establish herself in business, family and society. Devi voices her resentment to Devanna through the medium of her incessant hard labour and establishing herself as the ‘Coffee Queen’, fighting against all odds. Sarita Mandanna uplifts Devi from all adversities and makes her fight not to get lost in isolation and stagnation after the rape. In fact, she fights for her identity and emphasizes her presence with a bang. Tiger Hills explores the connections between fortitude and acceptance, the choices we make in the aftermath of coincidence and their far-reaching impact. Determined not to be victimized, Devi fights for her existence and happiness the best she can. She isn't always easy to like and makes some decisions that are far from right. As she forges a life for herself within the parameters decided for her, Devi hardens to such an extent that she becomes wedded to a version of happiness rooted in memory to ever become real.

  1. Genotypic and phenotypic variation among Staphylococcus saprophyticus from human and animal isolates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakinc Türkan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The main aim of this study was to examine the genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Staphylococcus saprophyticus isolates from human and animal origin. Findings In total, 236 clinical isolates and 15 animal isolates of S. saprophyticus were characterized in respect of the occurrence of 9 potential virulence genes and four surface properties. All strains were PCR positive for the regulatory genes agr, sar>it>A and rot as well as for the surface proteins UafA and Aas. Nearly 90% of the clinical isolates were found to possess the gene for the surface-associated lipase Ssp and 10% for the collagen binding MSCRAMM SdrI. All animal isolates were negative forsdrI. Lipolytic activity could be detected in 66% of the clinical and 46% of the animal isolates. Adherence to collagen type I was shown of 20% of the clinical strains and 6% of the strains of animal origin. Most S. saprophyticus strains showed hydrophobic properties and only few could agglutinate sheep erythrocytes. Conclusions We described a broad analysis of animal and human S. saprophyticus isolates regarding virulence genes and phenotypic properties such as lipase activity, hydrophobicity, and adherence. While S. saprophyticus strains from animal sources have prerequisites for colonization of the urinary tract like the D-serine-deaminase, out findings suggested that they need to acquire new genes e.g. MSCRAMMS for adherence like sdrI and to modulate their existing properties e.g. increasing the lipase activity or reducing hydrophobicity. These apparently important new genes or properties for virulence have to be further analyzed.

  2. Neutrino Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergström, L.; Hulth, P. O.; Botner, O.; Carlson, P.; Ohlsson, T.

    2006-03-01

    grand unification / R. N. Mohapatra.

  3. Staphylococcus aureus eye infections in two Indian hospitals: emergence of ST772 as a major clone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadig S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Savitha Nadig1, Nithya Velusamy2, Prajna Lalitha2, Sarita Kar3, Savitri Sharma3, Gayathri Arakere11Society for Innovation and Development, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 2Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 3LV Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, IndiaPurpose: The purpose of this study was to perform molecular characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolates causing a variety of eye infections from two major eye care hospitals in India.Methods: Twenty-four isolates from Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India, and nine isolates from LV Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, India, representing severe to nonsevere eye infections like microbial keratitis to lacrimal sac abscess, were characterized. Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec typing, multilocus sequence typing, accessory gene regulator typing, staphylococcal protein A typing, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis were used, along with determination of the presence of Panton–Valentine leucocidin toxin and endotoxin gene cluster among each sequence type.Results: The majority of eye infections, both severe and nonsevere, were caused by sequence type (ST772, positive for the Panton–Valentine leucocidin gene, and carrying methicillin-resistant staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type V cassette (22/33, 67%. Some of the other sequence types that caused severe eye infections were ST1 (9%, 5 (3%, 72 (6%, 88 (3%, 121 (3%, and 672 (3%. This is the first report of the presence of ST1 and 88 in India.Conclusion: Although the number of isolates included in this study was small, most of the eye infections were caused by community-associated S. aureus where patients had no history of hospitalization or treatment in the past year. In the case of six severe infections, patients were admitted for surgeries and there is probability of hospital infection. In addition, only methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates carrying staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type V were

  4. Health leadership education programs, best practices, and impact on learners' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors and system change: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Careau E

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Emmanuelle Careau,1 Gjin Biba,1 Rosemary Brander,2 Janice P Van Dijk,2 Sarita Verma,3 Margo Paterson,2 Maria Tassone31Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Université Laval, Québec, QC, 2Office of Interprofessional Education and Practice, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, 3Centre for Interprofessional Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaBackground: A review of the literature was undertaken by the Canadian Interprofessional Health Leadership Collaborative to investigate the content and competencies of health education programs that teach collaborative leadership and to inform the development of an international collaborative leadership curriculum.Methods: A PubMed and Google Scholar search identified the frequency of key leadership education program terms and was adjusted for six major databases. From the 2,119 references, 250 were selected in a double-blinded manner. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed to determine the patterns, types, learners, models, and competencies addressed. Cross-tabulation and analysis of correlation identified best practices and impacts on learners' knowledge, skills, attitudes/behaviors, and on health system change.Results: Four types of leadership models were formally identified, ie, traditional leadership, transformational leadership, clinical leadership, and collaborative leadership. The most identified competencies were interprofessional communication, knowledge on how to work in teams and across disciplines, and financial knowledge. The least addressed topics were social accountability and community engagement. Only 6.8% of the articles reviewed assessed the effectiveness of their program based on patient-centered outcomes and 3.6% on system change.Conclusion: This literature review focused on 250 health leadership education programs reported in peer-reviewed journals to address important questions about the competencies, best practices

  5. The tobacco gardens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Rovetto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 it was closed and dismantled the spectacular Duke Gar­dens near Princeton University. They were created by the famous heiress Doris Duke, in honor of her father, James Buchanan Duke. This last gentleman caused 100-million deaths during the 20th century. The gardens mentioned demonstrated, perhaps trivially, what was stated by philosopher Walter Benjamin: There has never been a document of culture, which is not simultaneously one of barbarism”. “Buck” Duke was the inventor of the modern cigarette. By the end of the 20th century, this astute manufacturer entered the instantly ready-to-smoke tobacco market (without having to roll in small pieces of paper or cut off the cigarette tips with the automated production of cigarettes. Without a cigarette maker like Carmen from opera by Bizet who rolled a maximum of 200 cigarettes per day, the machine he perfected with a mechanic named Bonsack produced 120,000 “cigarettes” during the same time. Thereby, rea­ching a oversupply that had to be sold – creating a demand for it. The solution was cigarette marketing and advertising. These were placed in restaurants, bars, and cigar stores; thus, making them an important part of the worker’s period of rest and dining. Although, in principle, they were associated to women of free morals (“Smo­king is a great sensual pleasure. While smoking, I a wait for the man I love …” sang Sarita Montiel in the 1950s in a stroke of clever advertising these were transformed into symbols of women’s libe­ration. Toward the late 1920s, young women were seen marching and brandishing their freedom torches, the cigarettes. During the two world wars, cigarettes were distributed to hundreds of thou­sands of soldiers as part of their daily nutritional ration. During the immediate post-war, packs of Camel and Lucky Strike were the most used Exchange currency in Europe. With all these publi­city maneuvers, Mr. Duke and his partners have caused, as we al

  6. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Book Review Editor, Christien Klaufus

    2015-10-01

    Caribbean, edited by Kate Quinn, 2014; reviewed by Deborah A. ThomasRights of Way to Brasília Teimosa: The Politics of Squatter Settlement, by Charles J. Fortin, 2014; reviewed by Lucia Capanema-AlvaresAffordable Housing in the Global Urban South: Seeking Sustainable Solutions, edited by Jan Bredenoord, Paul van Lindert and Peer Smets, 2014; reviewed by Viviana d’Auria¡Tequila! Distilling the Spirit of Mexico, by Marie Sarita Gaytán, 2014; reviewed by José Orozco

  7. PREFACE: DISCRETE 2012 - Third Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branco, G. C.; Emmanuel-Costa, D.; González Felipe, R.; Joaquim, F. R.; Lavoura, L.; Palomares-Ruiz, S.; Rebelo, M. N.; Romão, J. C.; Silva, J. P.

    2013-07-01

    The Third Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries (DISCRETE 2012) was held at Instituto Superior Técnico, Portugal, from 3-7 December 2012 and was organised by Centro de Física Teórica de Partículas (CFTP) of Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. This is the sequel to the Symposia that was successfully organised in Valéncia in 2008 and in Rome in 2010. The topics covered included: T, C, P, CP symmetries CPT symmetry, decoherence, Lorentz symmetry breaking Discrete symmetries and models of flavour mixing Baryogenesis, leptogenesis Neutrino physics Electroweak symmetry breaking and physics beyond the Standard Model Accidental symmetries (B, L conservation) Experimental prospects at LHC Dark matter searches Super flavour factories, and other new experimental facilities The Symposium was organised in plenary sessions with a total of 24 invited talks, and parallel sessions with a total of 70 talks, including both invited and selected contributions from the submitted abstracts. The speakers of the plenary sessions were: Ignatios Antoniadis, Abdelhak Djouadi, Rabindra Mohapatra, André Rubbia, Alexei Yu Smirnov, José Bernabéu, Marco Cirelli, Apostolos Pilaftsis, Antonio Di Domenico, Robertus Potting, João Varela, Frank Rathmann, Michele Gallinaro, Dumitru Ghilencea, Neville Harnew, John Walsh, Patrícia Conde Muíño, Juan Aguilar-Saavedra, Nick Mavromatos, Ulrich Nierste, Ferruccio Feruglio, Vasiliki Mitsou, Masanori Yamauchi, and Marcello Giorgi. The Symposium was attended by about 140 participants. Among the social events, there was a social dinner in the historical Associação Comercial de Lisboa, which included a musical performance of 'Fado', the traditional music from Lisbon. The next symposium of the series will be organised by King's College, London University, UK, from 1-5 December 2014. Guest Editors G C Branco, D Emmanuel-Costa, R González Felipe, F R Joaquim, L Lavoura, S Palomares-Ruiz, M N Rebelo, J C

  8. Spatial Distribution and Ribosome-Binding Dynamics of EF-P in Live Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, Sonisilpa; Choi, Heejun; Ge, Xueliang; Sanyal, Suparna; Weisshaar, James C

    2017-06-06

    tRNA translocation after formation of the new peptide bond. A third factor, EF-P, has been shown to alleviate ribosomal pausing at rare Pro-Pro motifs, which are translated very slowly without EF-P. Here, we use superresolution fluorescence imaging to study the spatial distribution and ribosome-binding dynamics of EF-P in live E. coli cells. We were surprised to learn that EF-P binds to and unbinds from translating ribosomes during at least 25% of all elongation events; it may bind during every elongation cycle. Copyright © 2017 Mohapatra et al.

  9. Coda Q Attenuation and Source Parameters Analysis in North East India Using Local Earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, A. K.; Mohanty, W. K.; Earthquake Seismology

    2010-12-01

    Alok Kumar Mohapatra1* and William Kumar Mohanty1 *Corresponding author: alokgpiitkgp@gmail.com 1Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India. Pin-721302 ABSTRACT In the present study, the quality factor of coda waves (Qc) and the source parameters has been estimated for the Northeastern India, using the digital data of ten local earthquakes from April 2001 to November 2002. Earthquakes with magnitude range from 3.8 to 4.9 have been taken into account. The time domain coda decay method of a single back scattering model is used to calculate frequency dependent values of Coda Q (Qc) where as, the source parameters like seismic moment(Mo), stress drop, source radius(r), radiant energy(Wo),and strain drop are estimated using displacement amplitude spectrum of body wave using Brune's model. The earthquakes with magnitude range 3.8 to 4.9 have been used for estimation Qc at six central frequencies 1.5 Hz, 3.0 Hz, 6.0 Hz, 9.0 Hz, 12.0 Hz, and 18.0 Hz. In the present work, the Qc value of local earthquakes are estimated to understand the attenuation characteristic, source parameters and tectonic activity of the region. Based on a criteria of homogeneity in the geological characteristics and the constrains imposed by the distribution of available events the study region has been classified into three zones such as the Tibetan Plateau Zone (TPZ), Bengal Alluvium and Arakan-Yuma Zone (BAZ), Shillong Plateau Zone (SPZ). It follows the power law Qc= Qo (f/fo)n where, Qo is the quality factor at the reference frequency (1Hz) fo and n is the frequency parameter which varies from region to region. The mean values of Qc reveals a dependence on frequency, varying from 292.9 at 1.5 Hz to 4880.1 at 18 Hz. Average frequency dependent relationship Qc values obtained of the Northeastern India is 198 f 1.035, while this relationship varies from the region to region such as, Tibetan Plateau Zone (TPZ): Qc= 226 f 1.11, Bengal Alluvium

  10. Long-term citrus organic farming strategy results in soil organic matter recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novara, Agata; Pereira, Paulo; Barone, Ettore; Giménez Morera, Antonio; Keesstra, Saskia; Gristina, Luciano; Jordán, Antonio; Parras-Alcantara, Luis; Cerdà, Artemi

    2017-04-01

    should be performed on these results. The ecosystem service evaluated trough the profitability of citrus orchard provided useful information for the assessment of ecosystem service payment which should be based on the real effect on potential SOC sequestration. Acknowledgements The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement 603498 (RECARE project) and the CGL2013- 47862-C2-1-R and CGL2016-75178-C2-2-R national research projects. References Brevik, E. C., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Pereg, L., Quinton, J. N., Six, J., and Van Oost, K. 2015. The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL, SOIL, 1, 117-129, doi:10.5194/soil-1-117-2015, Bruun, T. B., B. Elberling, A. de Neergaard, and J. Magid. 2015. Organic Carbon Dynamics in Different Soil Types After Conversion of Forest to Agriculture. Land Degradation and Development 26 (3): 272-283. Choudhury, B. U., A. R. Fiyaz, K. P. Mohapatra, and S. Ngachan. 2016. Impact of Land Uses, Agrophysical Variables and Altitudinal Gradient on Soil Organic Carbon Concentration of North-Eastern Himalayan Region of India. Land Degradation and Development 27 (4): 1163-1174. doi:10.1002/ldr.2338. de Moraes Sá, J. C., L. Séguy, F. Tivet, R. Lal, S. Bouzinac, P. R. Borszowskei, C. Briedis, et al. 2015. Carbon Depletion by Plowing and its Restoration by no-Till Cropping Systems in Oxisols of Subtropical and Tropical Agro-Ecoregions in Brazil. Land Degradation and Development 26 (6): 531-543. doi:10.1002/ldr.2218. del Mar Montiel-Rozas, M., M. Panettieri, P. Madejón, and E. Madejón. 2016. Carbon Sequestration in Restored Soils by Applying Organic Amendments. Land Degradation and Development 27 (3): 620-629. doi:10.1002/ldr.2466. Keesstra, S. D., Bouma, J., Wallinga, J., Tittonell, P., Smith, P., Cerdà, A., Montanarella, L., Quinton, J. N., Pachepsky, Y., van der Putten, W. H., Bardgett, R. D., Moolenaar, S., Mol, G., Jansen, B., and Fresco, L. O

  11. Editorial: Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Kaler, F.; Pfau, T.; Schmelcher, P.; Schleich, W.

    2010-06-01

    Frequency stability of optical lattice clocks Jérôme Lodewyck, Philip G Westergaard, Arnaud Lecallier, Luca Lorini and Pierre Lemonde Ultracold quantum gases in triangular optical lattices C Becker, P Soltan-Panahi, J Kronjäger, S Dörscher, K Bongs and K Sengstock Cold atoms near superconductors: atomic spin coherence beyond the Johnson noise limit B Kasch, H Hattermann, D Cano, T E Judd, S Scheel, C Zimmermann, R Kleiner, D Koelle and J Fortágh Focusing a deterministic single-ion beam Wolfgang Schnitzler, Georg Jacob, Robert Fickler, Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler and Kilian Singer Tuning the structural and dynamical properties of a dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate: ripples and instability islands M Asad-uz-Zaman and D Blume Double-resonance lineshapes in a cell with wall coating and buffer gas Svenja Knappe and Hugh G Robinson Transport and interaction blockade of cold bosonic atoms in a triple-well potential P Schlagheck, F Malet, J C Cremon and S M Reimann Fabrication of a planar micro Penning trap and numerical investigations of versatile ion positioning protocols M Hellwig, A Bautista-Salvador, K Singer, G Werth and F Schmidt-Kaler Laser cooling of a magnetically guided ultracold atom beam A Aghajani-Talesh, M Falkenau, V V Volchkov, L E Trafford, T Pfau and A Griesmaier Creation efficiency of nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond S Pezzagna, B Naydenov, F Jelezko, J Wrachtrup and J Meijer Top-down pathways to devices with few and single atoms placed to high precision Jessica A Van Donkelaar, Andrew D Greentree, Andrew D C Alves, Lenneke M Jong, Lloyd C L Hollenberg and David N Jamieson Enhanced electric field sensitivity of rf-dressed Rydberg dark states M G Bason, M Tanasittikosol, A Sargsyan, A K Mohapatra, D Sarkisyan, R M Potvliege and C S Adams

  12. EDITORIAL: Strongly correlated electron systems Strongly correlated electron systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronning, Filip; Batista, Cristian

    2011-03-01

    -dependent Zeeman splitting in strontium ruthenate Emil J Rozbicki, James F Annett, Jean-René Souquet and Andrew P Mackenzie Thermodynamics of itinerant metamagnetic transitions A M Berridge Magnon-mediated pairing and isotope effect in iron-based superconductors Jiansheng Wu and Philip Phillips Nernst quantum oscillations in bulk semi-metals Zengwei Zhu, Huan Yang, Aritra Banerjee, Liam Malone, Benoît Fauqué and Kamran Behnia Signatures of a quantum Griffiths phase in a d-metal alloy close to its ferromagnetic quantum critical point Almut Schroeder, Sara Ubaid-Kassis and Thomas Vojta Influence of super-ohmic dissipation on a disordered quantum critical point Thomas Vojta, José A Hoyos, Priyanka Mohan and Rajesh Narayanan The van Hemmen-Kondo model for disordered cerium systems S G Magalhaes, F M Zimmer and B Coqblin Chemical pressure, dilution and disorder in the heavy fermion compounds Ce3 - xLaxPd20Si6 (x = 1/3, 2/3) H Winkler, K-A Lorenzer, S Laumann, J Custers, A Prokofiev and S Paschen Magnetism of fine particles of Kondo lattices, obtained by high-energy ball-milling E V Sampathkumaran, K Mukherjee, Kartik K Iyer, Niharika Mohapatra and Sitikantha D Das Heavy fermion scaling: uranium versus cerium and ytterbium compounds J M Lawrence, C H Wang, A D Christianson and E D Bauer Temperature dependence of hybridization gaps in metallic heavy-fermion systems Xiaodong Yang, Peter S Riseborough and Tomasz Durakiewicz Low-energy properties of the Kondo lattice model O Bodensiek, R Žitko, R Peters and T Pruschke Temperature dependence of the zero-bias anomaly in the Anderson-Hubbard model: insights from an ensemble of two-site systems R Wortis and W A Atkinson A charge density wave in the hidden order state of URu2Si2 Jung-Jung Su, Yonatan Dubi, Peter Wölfle and Alexander V Balatsky Field-induced suppression of the heavy-fermion state in YbRh2Si2 Gertrud Zwicknagl Discontinuous Hall coefficient at the quantum critical point in YbRh2Si2 Sven Friedemann, Niels Oeschler, Steffen

  13. Watershed health assessment to monitor land degradation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamidreza Sadeghi, Seyed; Hazbavi, Zeinab; Cerdà, Artemi

    2017-04-01

    ). References Cerdà, A., A. G. Morera, and M. B. Bodí. 2009. Soil and Water Losses from New Citrus Orchards Growing on Sloped Soils in the Western Mediterranean Basin. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 34 (13): 1822-1830. doi:10.1002/esp.1889. Cerdà, A., González-Pelayo, O., Giménez-Morera, A., Jordán, A., Pereira, P., Novara, A., Brevik, E.C., Prosdocimi, M., Mahmoodabadi, M., Keesstra, S., García Orenes, F., Ritsema, C., 2016. The use of barley straw residues to avoid high erosion and runoff rates on persimmon plantations in Eastern Spain under low frequency - high magnitude simulated rainfall events. Soil Res, 54, 2, 154-165 DOI: 10.1071/SR15092 Choudhury, B. U., A. R. Fiyaz, K. P. Mohapatra, and S. Ngachan. 2016. Impact of Land Uses, Agrophysical Variables and Altitudinal Gradient on Soil Organic Carbon Concentration of North-Eastern Himalayan Region of India. Land Degradation and Development 27 (4): 1163-1174. doi:10.1002/ldr.2338. Davudirad, A. A., S. H. Sadeghi, and A. Sadoddin. 2016. The Impact of Development Plans on Hydrological Changes in the Shazand Watershed, Iran. Land Degradation and Development 27 (4): 1236-1244. doi:10.1002/ldr.2523. Fava, F., G. Pulighe, and A. T. Monteiro. 2016. Mapping Changes in Land Cover Composition and Pattern for Comparing Mediterranean Rangeland Restoration Alternatives. Land Degradation and Development 27 (3): 671-681. doi:10.1002/ldr.2456. Fernández-Romero, M. L., B. Lozano-García, L. Parras-Alcántara, C. D. Collins, and J. M. Clark. 2016. Effects of Land Management on Different Forms of Soil Carbon in Olive Groves in Mediterranean Areas. Land Degradation and Development 27 (4): 1186-1195. doi:10.1002/ldr.2327. Ferreira, A. C. C., L. F. C. Leite, A. S. F. de Araújo, and N. Eisenhauer. 2016. Land-use Type Effects on Soil Organic Carbon and Microbial Properties in a Semi-Arid Region of Northeast Brazil. Land Degradation and Development 27 (2): 171-178. doi:10.1002/ldr.2282. Gómez-Acata, E. S., I. Valencia-Becerril, C

  14. 国际会议消息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    会议名称:国际齿科展示会 Int Dental Show(IDS) 会议地点: Cologne, Germany: Koln Messe 会议日期:27-31 Mar0l 主办单位: Koln Messe (KM) 联系人: 联系方法: Messe Platz 1, D-500679 Cologne, Germany 会议名称: 第13届牙医师特殊医疗大会 13th Ann Natl Conf on Special Care Issues in Dentistry(CME/CEUS Course) 会议地点: Chicago(Illinois), United States: Westin Michigan Ave Hotel 会议日期: 30 Mar-1 Apr 01 主办单位: Fed of Special Care Orgs in Dentistry(FSCOD) 联系人: FSCOD 联系方法: James J Balija, 211E Chicago Ave5th FI, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States 会议名称: 安大略牙科协会春季大会 Ann Spring Mtg of the Ontario Dental Assn (ODA ASM) 会议地点: Toronto (Ontario), Canada: Metro Toronto Conv Ctr 会议日期: 19-21 Apr 01 主办单位: Ontario Dental Assn(ODA) 联系人: ODA 联系方法: Diana Thorneycroft, Mtgs Coord, 4 New St, Toronto, Ontario M5R 1P6, Canada 会议名称:第七届国际口腔癌症大会 7th Int Cong on Oral Cancer (formerly 0130005) 会议地点: The Hague, Netherlands: Netherlands Cong Ctr 会议日期: 22-26 Apr 01 主办单位: Int Union Against cancer(UICC)Netherlands Cong Centre(NCC) 联系人: Maj Geul A K Varma, Sec Gen, 7th Cong on Oral Cancer, 509-B Sarita Vihar, New Delhi 110044, India 联系方法: UICC. Mr A J Tumbull, Exec Dir, 3 rue du Conseil General CH 1205 Geneve, Switzerland 会议名称:国际正畸学会年会 Ann Mtg of the Int Assn for Orthodontics(CME AGD/ADA Cr hrs) 会议地点: Louisville(Kentucky), United States: Seelbach Hitton Hotel 会议日期: 26-29 Apr 01 主办单位: Int Assn for Orthodontics(IAO) 联系人: Detlef Moore, IAO 联系方法: Detlef B Moore, Exec Dir, 735 N Water St Ste 617, Milwaukee, Wisonsin 53202, United States 会议名称:美国儿童牙医师分会春季研讨会 Spring Seminar of the Am Soc of Dentistry for Children 会议地点: Quebec City

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-08-01

    communication in open and distance learning were investigated. In the study, affects of the students’ gender and computer experience on their attitudes were also examined. Article 24 written by Nilton Cesar LIMA, Antonio Sergio Torres PENEDO, Marcio Mattos Borges de OLIVEIRA, Sonia Valle Walter Borges de OLIVEIRA and Jamerson Viegas QUEIROZ from on “The Systemic Vision Of The Educational Learning” Brazil. The purpose of this study is aim to discuss some implications of trying to use the systems management as modern teaching methodology. The 25th article written by Lalit Lalitav Mohakud, Rajiba Lochan Mohapatra and Sikshana MANDIRA and Santosh Kumar BEHERA on “Encouraging Higher Education Through Open And Distance Learning (Odl: Some Aspects. Their paper deals with the role of ODL in the promotion of higher education in India. A reviewed book was Harmonizing Global Education-From Genghis Khan To Facebook, written by Jon BAGGALEY which is reviewed by Wolfram LAASER,from Germany. on Baggaley’s book is an exiting and profound piece of academic literature. It also includes personal anecdotes and flash backs about topics he came across during his long academic career as professor at Athabasca University, Concordia University and Memorial University of New Foundland.Then the last article from Anadolu, written by Gulfem GURSES, on Providing Efficient Active Learning On E-Television: Case of “Open Class”. This study was undertaken with an aim to understand whether the effective use of the blackboard, one of the teaching aids utilized by Anadolu University's distance learning program in the e-television Open Classroom, has a positive effect on focus and concentration. Gagné's Theory of Instruction was utilized during this research. Knowledge of the efficient use of the blackboard and the efficient viewing on the television screen is required. Dear readers, you can reach us online either directly at http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr or by visiting Anadolu University homepage at