WorldWideScience

Sample records for sardinops sagax musica

  1. Anchovy Engraulis capensis and sardine Sardinops sagax currently ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    within-season variability in factors affecting sardine Sardinops sagax and anchovy Engraulis capensis recruitment. .... variogram. ... formerly SF, unpublished data) were based on length ..... the front offshore, along with many eggs and larvae.

  2. Worldwide, where anchovies Engraulis spp. and sardine Sardinops ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    sardine Sardinops sagax co-occur, the two species alternate in ... the west coasts of South America and southern Africa, ... of extinction in the wild within 100 years (Croxall et al. 1996) ..... able to penguins year-round, compared to the seasonal.

  3. Traditionally, sardine Sardinops sagax has been the backbone of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    Grant Program, San Diego, California, USA, in cooperation with Centro de Investigaciones ... maturity of Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) during a period of large variations in stock .... Trudy– AtlantNIRO 73: 77–85 (in Russian). ROCHET, M. J. 1998 ...

  4. Although South African sardine (or pilchard, Sardinops sagax) were ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    (iii) as anchovy and sardine frequently shoal together during their first ... Fishery Resources Division, Food and Agricultural Organization, Via delle Terme di Caracalla 00100, Rome, Italy. ...... risk and “scope for growth” as performance criteria.

  5. Anchovy Engraulis capensis, sardine Sardinops sagax and round ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    all years in the recruitment time-series from 1985 to. 1994. ... Forecasts of anchovy recruitment from multiple cruises may produce a different result from the forecast ... abundance, phyto- and zooplankton biomass, copepod ...... estuarine lake.

  6. The southern African sardine Sardinops sagax (also known as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    mental factors that affect stock dynamics primarily through recruitment, and .... school-groups contributed an increasing proportion ..... of a recovery in the stock in the early 1990s were not ..... must strive to promote a healthy spawning stock,.

  7. The southern African sardine Sardinops sagax supports major purse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    Echo-Integrator post-processing system (Foote et al. 1991). ... noise-reduction filters at weak, and with frequency ..... approach based on acoustic image simulation. Aquat. ... GERLOTTO, F., SORIA, M. and P. FRÉON 1999 — From 2D to.

  8. Musica Humana og musikterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Karin

    2005-01-01

    I pressen har Musica Humanas projekter på flere danske sygehuse jævnligt været omtalt i de seneste to år, særligt i forbindelse med udgivelsen af serien MusiCure’s foreløbig fire Cd’er. Ordet ’musikterapi’ er blevet anvendt til beskrivelse af disse projekters metode. I artiklen redegøres for defi......I pressen har Musica Humanas projekter på flere danske sygehuse jævnligt været omtalt i de seneste to år, særligt i forbindelse med udgivelsen af serien MusiCure’s foreløbig fire Cd’er. Ordet ’musikterapi’ er blevet anvendt til beskrivelse af disse projekters metode. I artiklen redegøres...... for definitioner af relevante niveauer af musikterapi i denne sammenhæng; Musica Humanas formål; MusiCure’s tilblivelse; baggrunden for og relevansen af en musikterapeuts tilstedeværelse i Musica Humana, samt hvilken rolle musikterapeuten kan spille i denne sammenhæng. Medlemmer af Musica Humanas styregruppe...... bidrager med udsagn om deres opfattelse af relevansen af en musikterapeut som ressourceperson i Musica Humana....

  9. Musica Humana og musikterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Karin

    2005-01-01

    I pressen har Musica Humanas projekter på flere danske sygehuse jævnligt været omtalt i de seneste to år, særligt i forbindelse med udgivelsen af serien MusiCure’s foreløbig fire Cd’er. Ordet ’musikterapi’ er blevet anvendt til beskrivelse af disse projekters metode. I artiklen redegøres for defi......I pressen har Musica Humanas projekter på flere danske sygehuse jævnligt været omtalt i de seneste to år, særligt i forbindelse med udgivelsen af serien MusiCure’s foreløbig fire Cd’er. Ordet ’musikterapi’ er blevet anvendt til beskrivelse af disse projekters metode. I artiklen redegøres...... for definitioner af relevante niveauer af musikterapi i denne sammenhæng; Musica Humanas formål; MusiCure’s tilblivelse; baggrunden for og relevansen af en musikterapeuts tilstedeværelse i Musica Humana, samt hvilken rolle musikterapeuten kan spille i denne sammenhæng. Medlemmer af Musica Humanas styregruppe...... bidrager med udsagn om deres opfattelse af relevansen af en musikterapeut som ressourceperson i Musica Humana....

  10. Musica, cervello, movimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franca Dalla Valle

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Tutti abbiamo provato la sensazione di sentirci "trasportati" dalla musica. Pensiamo a una lunga corsa, a una passeggiata in montagna, a una serie di vasche in piscina... All'inizio i movimenti sono faticosi, rigidi, poco sincroni; ma basta che nella nostra mente riusciamo a creare un ritmo musicale, o immaginiamo di ascoltare una melodia, di lì a poco il respiro si fa più tranquillo e profondo, gli arti acquistano sincronia, la fatica si attenua, diventando addirittura piacevole...

  11. Teine Res Musica ilmunud / Jaan Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Jaan, 1957-

    2010-01-01

    Artiklikogumikust: Res musica [2] : Eesti Muusikateaduse Seltsi ja Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia muusikateaduse osakonna aastaraamat / peatoimetaja Urve Lippus. Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2010

  12. Teine Res Musica ilmunud / Jaan Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Jaan, 1957-

    2010-01-01

    Artiklikogumikust: Res musica [2] : Eesti Muusikateaduse Seltsi ja Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia muusikateaduse osakonna aastaraamat / peatoimetaja Urve Lippus. Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2010

  13. 2012 Joint U.S.-Canada Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Survey of Pacific Hake (Merluccius productus) and Pacific Sardine (Sardinops sagax) (SH1204, EK60)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Scientists from the Fishery Resource Analysis and Monitoring (FRAM) division at the NOAA Fisheries Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC), the Fishery Resources...

  14. The 2012 Joint U.S.-Canada Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Survey of Pacific Hake (Merluccius productus) and Pacific Sardine (Sardinops sagax) (SH1204, ME70)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Scientists from the Fishery Resource Analysis and Monitoring (FRAM) division at the NOAA Fisheries Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC), the Fishery Resources...

  15. Lepo Sumera. Musica tenera / Guy S. Rickards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rickards, Guy S.

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sumera, Lepo. Musica tenera. Concerto for Piano and Orchestra. Symphony Nr. 4, "Serena borealis". Kalle Randalu (pf). Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi" BIS CD CD690 (55 minutes)

  16. Lepo Sumera. Musica tenera / Guy S. Rickards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rickards, Guy S.

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sumera, Lepo. Musica tenera. Concerto for Piano and Orchestra. Symphony Nr. 4, "Serena borealis". Kalle Randalu (pf). Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi" BIS CD CD690 (55 minutes)

  17. Multiscale image contrast amplification (MUSICA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuylsteke, Pieter; Schoeters, Emile P.

    1994-05-01

    This article presents a novel approach to the problem of detail contrast enhancement, based on multiresolution representation of the original image. The image is decomposed into a weighted sum of smooth, localized, 2D basis functions at multiple scales. Each transform coefficient represents the amount of local detail at some specific scale and at a specific position in the image. Detail contrast is enhanced by non-linear amplification of the transform coefficients. An inverse transform is then applied to the modified coefficients. This yields a uniformly contrast- enhanced image without artefacts. The MUSICA-algorithm is being applied routinely to computed radiography images of chest, skull, spine, shoulder, pelvis, extremities, and abdomen examinations, with excellent acceptance. It is useful for a wide range of applications in the medical, graphical, and industrial area.

  18. Sesquiterpenes from the Formosan stolonifer Tubipora musica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duh, C Y; Chen, K J; El-Gamal, A A; Dai, C F

    2001-11-01

    Eight new sesquiterpenes, tubipolides A-G (1-7) and tubiporone (8) (novel carbon skeleton), and a known sesquiterpene, spirotubipolide, have been isolated from the Formosan stolonifer Tubipora musica. The structures of compounds 1-8 were determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectral analysis.

  19. [Donatori di Musica: when oncology meets music].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graiff, Claudio

    2014-10-01

    Donatori di Musica is a network of musicians - both physicians and volunteers - that was initially founded in 2009 with the aim to set up and coordinate classical music concerts in hospitals. This activity was initially started and led by the Oncology Departments at Carrara and Bolzano Hospitals, where high profile professional musicians make themselves available for concerts in support of Oncological in/out-patients of that specific Hospital. A live classical music performance is a deeply touching experience - particularly for those who live a critical condition like cancer. Main characteristics of Donatori di Musica concerts are: continuity (concerts are part of a regular and non-stopping music season); quality (concerts are held by well-established professional musicians); philanthropic attitude (musicians do not wear a suit and usually chat with patients; they also select an easy-to-listen program; a convivial event is usually organized after the performance with the aim of overcoming distinctions and barriers between physician and patient); no profit: musicians perform for free - travel expenses and/or overnight staying only can be claimed; concerts have free access for patients, their families and hospital staff.Patients and musicians therefore do get in close contact and music is able to merge each other experiences - with patients being treated by the beauty of music and musicians being treated theirselves by patients daily-life feedback. The Donatori di Musica experience is therefore able to help Medicine to retrieve its very first significance - the medical act regain that human and cultural dimension that seems to be abandoned in the last decades in favour of a mere technicism. This is the spirit and the deep significance of Donatori di Musica - «[…] the hope that Music can become a key support to medical treatments in every Oncology department» (by Gian Andrea Lodovici).

  20. Mathematics, Music & Architecture (Matematica, Musica e Architettura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Conti

    2017-07-01

    come la matematica sia stata un importante strumento nello sviluppo della musica, soprattutto nella creazione delle scale musicali. Da Vitruvio in poi i rapporti musicali sono stati usati anche nell’architettura con motivazioni diverse, secondo i periodi storici in cui sono stati adoperati. Allo scopo di spiegare meglio come queste proporzioni musicali si adattano alle opere architettoniche, sono presentate numerose figure.  Parole Chiave: Note musicali, frequenze, consonanza, diesis, bemolle, intervallo musicale, pentagramma, contrappunto, logaritmi.

  1. La musica nel secolo delle masse (Musica e società. Risposta a Carlo Sini (21/10/13

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Carboni

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Una riflessione sulla musica nell’era delle masse può prendere vita soltanto nel contesto di quel totalitarismo mediatico-spettacolare che sembra essere il destino dei nostri tempi. Al di là dell’ideologia delle “contaminazioni” che conduce ad un consumistico appiattimento dei valori, occorre invece − senza pregiudizi accademici ma anche senza fuorvianti omologazioni − affinare la differenza tra le diverse pratiche di ascolto. Né puritanesimi né false trasgressioni: musica classica e musica pop vanno recepite iuxta propria principia, ognuna secondo il suo specifico linguaggio.

  2. Dinámica poblacional de la sardina del pacifico Sardinops sagax (Jenyns 1842) (clupeiformes: clupeidae), en la costa oeste de la península de Baja California y el sur de California

    OpenAIRE

    Félix Uraga, Roberto

    2006-01-01

    Tres stocks de sardina del Pacífico fueron identificados utilizando datos mensuales de captura y temperatura superficial del mar de Bahía Magdalena, Isla Cedros y Ensenada en México, y San Pedro en EUA. Un stock parece estar adaptado a temperaturas mayores de 22 ºC (stock cálido), otro a temperaturas entre 17-22 ºC (stock templado) y el tercero a temperaturas menores de 17 ºC (stock frío). Se elaboró un modelo conceptual para describir la distribución espacio temporal de est...

  3. Intercomparison of TCCON and MUSICA Water Vapour Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, D.; Strong, K.; Deutscher, N. M.; Schneider, M.; Blumenstock, T.; Robinson, J.; Notholt, J.; Sherlock, V.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Barthlott, S.; García, O. E.; Smale, D.; Palm, M.; Jones, N. B.; Hase, F.; Kivi, R.; Ramos, Y. G.; Yoshimura, K.; Sepúlveda, E.; Gómez-Peláez, Á. J.; Gisi, M.; Kohlhepp, R.; Warneke, T.; Dohe, S.; Wiegele, A.; Christner, E.; Lejeune, B.; Demoulin, P.

    2014-12-01

    We present an intercomparison between the water vapour products from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) and the MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water (MUSICA), two datasets from ground-based Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectrometers with good global representation. Where possible, comparisons to radiosondes are also included. The near-infrared TCCON measurements are optimized to provide precise monitoring of greenhouse gases for carbon cycle studies; however, TCCON's retrievals also produce water vapour products. The mid-infrared MUSICA products result from retrievals optimized to give precise and accurate information about H2O, HDO, and δD. The MUSICA water vapour products have been validated by extensive intercomparisons with H2O and δD in-situ measurements made from ground, radiosonde, and aircraft (Schneider et al. 2012, 2014), as well as by intercomparisons with satellite-based H2O and δD remote sensing measurements (Wiegele et al., 2014). This dataset provides a valuable reference point for other measurements of water vapour. This study is motivated by the limited intercomparisons performed for TCCON water vapour products and limited characterisation of their uncertainties. We compare MUSICA and TCCON products to assess the potential for TCCON measurements to contribute to studies of the water cycle, water vapour's role in climate and use as a tracer for atmospheric dynamics, and to evaluate the performance of climate models. The TCCON and MUSICA products result from measurements taken using the same FTIR instruments, enabling a comparison with constant instrumentation. The retrieval techniques differ, however, in their method and a priori information. We assess the impact of these differences and characterize the comparability of the TCCON and MUSICA datasets.

  4. L’ontologia del "De musica"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Fortin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nel sesto libro del De musica Agostino pone il problema della natura del conoscere a partire da una descrizione, che si potrebbe definire fenomenologica, dei movimenti ritmici di cui il soggetto fa esperienza. Inizia così un percorso conoscitivo, che prendendo le mosse dalle tracce dei numeri arriva a indagare le condizioni di possibilità della conoscenza, rilanciando continuamente l’indagine su molteplici livelli. Con questo articolo si intende comprendere le più rilevanti implicazioni del paradigma conoscitivo agostiniano, il quale non appare riducibile a una mera logica numerica ma permette di  gettare uno sguardo filosofico fino alla realtà metafisica della creatura.   In the De musica’s sixth Book Augustin puts the question of the knowledge’s nature from the description (that we can consider as a phenomenological one of the rhytmical movements experienced by the subject. This is the beginning of a cognitive process that starts from the numers’ traces and ends with the inquiry about the conditions of knowledge’s possibility, giving impulse to a research on several levels. The article’s purpose is to understand the most important implications of the Augustinian cognitive paradigm, that doesn’t seem to be a mere numerical logic but allow us to take a philosophical glance to the creature’s metaphysical truth.

  5. Carencia de dados e desafios metodologicos para o desenvolvimento dos estudos da industria da musica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Herschmann, Micael

    2013-01-01

    Balanco das dificuldades metodologicas enfrentadas pelos pesquisadores que vem trabalhando com a industria da musica no contexto atual marcado pela crise e reestruturacao deste setor da producao cultural...

  6. La musica del vuoto indagine sulla natura della materia

    CERN Document Server

    Wilczek, Frank

    2007-01-01

    I pattern delle onde che descrivono i protoni, i neutroni e tutti i loro parenti ricordano le vibrazioni di strumenti musicali, e in effetti le equazioni matematiche che governano questi due domini, superficialmente molto diversi, sono in realtà molto simili. Quest'analogia musicale risale alla preistoria della scienza: già Pitagora scoprì che le note armoniose sono quelle suonate da corde le cui lunghezze sono in una semplice relazione numerica, mentre Keplero trascorse anni in tediosi calcoli ed erronee ipotesi alla ricerca dell'armonia nascosta dell'universo. Wilczek riprende questa metafora nella descrizione della realtà delle masse parlando di "musica del vuoto", moderna espressione dell'antica, inafferrabile e mistica musica delle sfere.

  7. Scegliere la musica nell’era di Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Russo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La diffusione della musica su Internet è sorta solo dopo l’avvento di due specifiche tecnologie. La prima è relativa ai sistemi di compressione (soprattutto MP3 che ha permesso di ridurre le dimensioni di ciascun file, la seconda al progressivo ampliamento della banda disponibile agli utenti casalinghi (ADSL che ha drasticamente velocizzato i tempi di trasferimento dei dati. La nascita di Napster e dei successive sistemi peer to peer [Merriden 2001] ha reso infine la pratica di ricerca di brani musicali su Internet una prassi diffusa e stabilizzata [Mari 1999], tanto da soppiantare gran parte dei tradizionali media musicali ed ingenerare nuove forme di commercializzazione e gestione dei dati sonori [Prato 1995; Silva-Ramello 1999]. Senza entrare nel dettaglio legale dell’irruzione di Internet nella diffusione di materiali [Darias de las Heras 2003], aspetto che è tutt’altro dall’apparire chiaramente definito anche a causa di rapide trasformazioni normative locali rispetto ad un evento di dimensione assolutamente internazionale, certo è che le iniziali, e primitive, modalità di raccolta di brani su Internet si sono progressivamente evolute sino ad assumere rilevanti connotati tecnologici e commerciali [Di Carlo 2000] che rendono possibile individuare e effettuare il download di pressoché qualsiasi brano si desideri. Il rilievo principale che sorge da queste considerazioni impone dunque una nuova modalità di fruizione della musica rispetto a quella diffusa dai tradizionali media, poiché questi ultimi, al contrario di Internet, non permettono alcuna interazione ed è quindi essenzialmente passiva. Con l’avvento di Internet e tutti i suoi corollari il problema del fruitore di musica cambia profondamente, spostando l’attenzione principalmente verso quello della “scelta” della musica, indipendentemente, spesso, dall’uso che se ne potrà fare o delle modalità di ascolto che saranno messe in atto. Con questo intervento

  8. Para que sirven los modos? Aplicacion pedagogica y propuestas practicas para la Didactica de la Musica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Penalver Vilar, Jose Maria

    2010-01-01

    .... A la hora de elaborar el proyecto docente me cuestione a que nivel se debian presentar los aspectos relacionados con la modalidad y si este tipo de contenidos tendrian aplicacion para el futuro maestro de musica...

  9. Initial observation of upwelling along east coast of Peninsular Malaysia musica-gratis.softonic.it/ >musica gratis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhir, M.; Tanggang, F.

    2013-12-01

    There is no published evidence of upwelling in coastal area along the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. However numbers of recent cruise data collected during the southwest monsoon found features of thermocline lifting and isolated cooler temperature water along the coast, These sign was observed along the 104°E from numbers of parallel transects. To confirm the presence of upwelling, satellite remote sensing data was used, and numerical model experiments were conducted. Cooler sea-surface temperature along the coast was observed from both in-situ and satellite data, while upward movement in the vertical profiles agreed with the location of upwelling from both in-situ and satellite data. Moreover, these data also show that the upwelled water band along the 104°E longitude stretch approximately 650 km long. Initially, southwesterly wind during this season is believed to be the important mechanism that contributed to this wind-induced Ekman upwelling. musica-gratis.softonic.it/ >musica gratis

  10. La musica attraverso la poesia: Arnold Schönberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runco Runco Maria Innocenza

    2015-12-01

    Il saggio intende esplorare il pensiero musicale di Arnold Schönberg in relazione al contesto dell’avanguardismo letterario di inizio Novecento. Il compositore propende per una lingua poetica che si interiorizzi nella voce musicale e si lasci assorbire musicalmente tanto da trasformare le parole ‘verbali’ in parole ‘musicali’. Dall’altro lato si orienta verso un disegno musicale dove il flusso dei suoni restituisce il libero e irrazionale flusso di associazioni e idee, fino a diventare metafora del movimento interiore della poesia. I risultati sono modalità vocali e strumentali - Sprechgesang (canto parlato, Sprechstimme (voce parlata, Klangfarbenmelodie (melodia di timbri - indirizzate ad accrescere i contenuti espressivi della parola nel fonema e a conferire alla parola valore di struttura musicale. Una nuova poesia della musica e una nuova musica della poesia entrano definitivamente nella storia dell’estetica musicale.   Abstract:   The essay intends to explore the musical thought of Arnold Schönberg in relation to the literary theories of the beginning of the twentieth century. The composer refers to a poetic language, that becames musical voice and is able to change the ‘verbal’ words in ‘musical’ words. On the other side he orientates himself in a musical pattern where the flow of sound returns the free and irrational  flow of associations and ideas so much so that it becames metaphor of the interior movement of the poetry. The results are vocal and instrumental forms  - Sprechgesang, Sprechstimme, Klangfarbenmelodie -  which intensify the expressive contents of the word in the phoneme and confers the value of musical structure on the word. A new poetry of music and a new music of poetry finally enter in the history of the musical aesthetics.

  11. Constant harvest rate for the Pacific sardine (Sardinops caeruleus) fishery in the Gulf of California based on catchability-at-length estimations

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Constant harvest rate as a management strategy for the Pacific sardine (Sardinops caeruleus) fishery in the Gulf of California is supported by an analysis of variations in the catchability coefficient (q), stock abundance and commercial catch. Catchability was analyzed based on population length-structured data standard length (SL), expressed as CPUE, for 26 fishing seasons (1972-1973 to 1997-1998). We used a deterministic model of catchability to estimate the catchability-at-length assuming ...

  12. Educare alla complessità. Il ruolo della musica d'arte contemporanea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaele Pozzi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available La relazione propone alcune riflessioni sul ruolo della musica d’arte contemporanea nella pedagogia della complessità. Le teorie della complessità formano un’area di pensiero ormai largamente consolidata nelle scienze umane e sociali. Tali teorie sottolineano l’importanza di concetti come discontinuità contraddizione non-linearità molteplicità caso caos, sia nei fenomeni naturali che in quelli culturali. In una serie di recenti pubblicazioni, l’epistemologo francese Edgar Morin ha elaborato una pedagogia basata sulla teoria della complessità. La musica d’arte contemporanea comprende un vasto repertorio di opere sulle quali poter fondare una pedagogia e una didattica della complessità in musica. La relazione suggerisce un possibile esempio di impiego e di trasposizione didattica di un brano, B.A.C.H. per pianoforte solo, opera del compositore italiano Aldo Clementi, risalente al 1970.

  13. Stomach Chitinase from Japanese Sardine Sardinops melanostictus: Purification, Characterization, and Molecular Cloning of Chitinase Isozymes with a Long Linker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawashima, Satoshi; Ikehata, Hiroki; Tada, Chihiro; Ogino, Tomohiro; Kakizaki, Hiromi; Ikeda, Mana; Fukushima, Hideto; Matsumiya, Masahiro

    2016-01-20

    Fish express two different chitinases, acidic fish chitinase-1 (AFCase-1) and acidic fish chitinase-2 (AFCase-2), in the stomach. AFCase-1 and AFCase-2 have different degradation patterns, as fish efficiently degrade chitin ingested as food. For a comparison with the enzymatic properties and the primary structures of chitinase isozymes obtained previously from the stomach of demersal fish, in this study, we purified chitinase isozymes from the stomach of Japanese sardine Sardinops melanostictus, a surface fish that feeds on plankton, characterized the properties of these isozymes, and cloned the cDNAs encoding chitinases. We also predicted 3D structure models using the primary structures of S. melanostictus stomach chitinases. Two chitinase isozymes, SmeChiA (45 kDa) and SmeChiB (56 kDa), were purified from the stomach of S. melanostictus. Moreover, two cDNAs, SmeChi-1 encoding SmeChiA, and SmeChi-2 encoding SmeChiB were cloned. The linker regions of the deduced amino acid sequences of SmeChi-1 and SmeChi-2 (SmeChi-1 and SmeChi-2) are the longest among the fish stomach chitinases. In the cleavage pattern groups toward short substrates and the phylogenetic tree analysis, SmeChi-1 and SmeChi-2 were classified into AFCase-1 and AFCase-2, respectively. SmeChi-1 and SmeChi-2 had catalytic domains that consisted of a TIM-barrel (β/α)₈-fold structure and a deep substrate-binding cleft. This is the first study showing the 3D structure models of fish stomach chitinases.

  14. [CONTATTI SONORI] Morfologia e poetica della musica di Dave Holland fra gli anni Settanta e Ottanta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sergi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available La musica del contrabbassista inglese Dave Holland ha radici nel jazz ma dialoga con i linguaggi della tradizione colta. Le esigenze compositive si affiancano alla necessità dell'improvvisazione. Holland espone così la propria poetica: «gli uccelli si riuniscono per cantare insieme, ognuno affermando con il canto la propria libertà. Il mio desiderio è condividere il medesimo spirito con i musicisti e comunicarlo alla gente». Questo studio affronta un'analisi di incisioni significative che mettono in luce i risultati musicali di tale pensiero. Il brano Conference of the birds è un manifesto poetico: esso spicca per le scelte sonore, la metrica, l'incrocio delle voci e le giustapposizioni modali. First snow si caratterizza per la correlazione tra il trattamento armonico e la natura modale delle proposte melodiche. Homecoming presenta una peculiare sequenza di episodi musicali e un significativo rapporto fra soluzioni melodiche e armoniche di carattere tonale e modale. L'analisi solleva interrogativi di rilievo: quali strategie compositive e performative vengono adottate nella musica di Dave Holland? Che legame esse intrattengono con il linguaggio del jazz o della musica 'd'arte'? Che tipo di equilibrio si crea fra la dimensione compositiva e l'improvvisazione? Tentando di fornire risposte a tali domande questo studio mette in luce gli elementi rilevanti della musica di uno maggiori compositori e musicisti del jazz strumentale.

  15. Uudised : Bella Musica presentatsioon. Muusikaesseede võistlus läks korda / Anu Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Anu, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    14. veebr. toimusid läbirääkimised saksa firma Bella Musica, saksa muusikapromotsiooni firma Pro Classics ja äsjaloodud plaadiproduktsioonide firma ERP (Estonian Record Productions) vahel. Toimus ka kaubamärgi Antes Classics presentatsioon ning kontsert. Muusikateemaliste esseede võistlusest ja selle tulemustest

  16. Uudised : Bella Musica presentatsioon. Muusikaesseede võistlus läks korda / Anu Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Anu, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    14. veebr. toimusid läbirääkimised saksa firma Bella Musica, saksa muusikapromotsiooni firma Pro Classics ja äsjaloodud plaadiproduktsioonide firma ERP (Estonian Record Productions) vahel. Toimus ka kaubamärgi Antes Classics presentatsioon ning kontsert. Muusikateemaliste esseede võistlusest ja selle tulemustest

  17. Muusikamaailm : "Musica Nova" avataktid Helsingis. "Towards the Millennium" lõpusirgel. "Sõda ja rahu" kuulsatel lavadel / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    3.-11. märtsini Heslingis toimuvast uue muusika festivalist "Musica nova". S. Rattle"i kümme aastat tagasi algatatud kontserdiseeriast "Towards the Millennium". S. Prokofjevi ooperi "Sõda ja rahu" taaslavastustest Pariisis ja Peterburis

  18. Muusikamaailm : "Musica Nova" avataktid Helsingis. "Towards the Millennium" lõpusirgel. "Sõda ja rahu" kuulsatel lavadel / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    3.-11. märtsini Heslingis toimuvast uue muusika festivalist "Musica nova". S. Rattle"i kümme aastat tagasi algatatud kontserdiseeriast "Towards the Millennium". S. Prokofjevi ooperi "Sõda ja rahu" taaslavastustest Pariisis ja Peterburis

  19. MuSICa: the Multi-Slit Image Slicer for the est Spectrograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcines, A.; López, R. L.; Collados, M.

    2013-09-01

    Integral field spectroscopy (IFS) is a technique that allows one to obtain the spectra of all the points of a bidimensional field of view simultaneously. It is being applied to the new generation of the largest night-time telescopes but it is also an innovative technique for solar physics. This paper presents the design of a new image slicer, MuSICa (Multi-Slit Image slicer based on collimator-Camera), for the integral field spectrograph of the 4-m aperture European Solar Telescope (EST). MuSICa is a multi-slit image slicer that decomposes an 80 arcsec2 field of view into slices of 50 μm and reorganizes it into eight slits of 0.05 arcsec width × 200 arcsec length. It is a telecentric system with an optical quality at diffraction limit compatible with the two modes of operation of the spectrograph: spectroscopic and spectro-polarimetric. This paper shows the requirements, technical characteristics and layout of MuSICa, as well as other studied design options.

  20. MuSICa image slicer prototype at 1.5-m GREGOR solar telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcines, A.; López, R. L.; Collados, M.; Vega Reyes, N.

    2014-07-01

    Integral Field Spectroscopy is an innovative technique that is being implemented in the state-of-the-art instruments of the largest night-time telescopes, however, it is still a novelty for solar instrumentation. A new concept of image slicer, called MuSICa (Multi-Slit Image slicer based on collimator-Camera), has been designed for the integral field spectrograph of the 4-m European Solar Telescope. This communication presents an image slicer prototype of MuSICa for GRIS, the spectrograph of the 1.5-m GREGOR solar telescope located at the Observatory of El Teide. MuSICa at GRIS reorganizes a 2-D field of view of 24.5 arcsec into a slit of 0.367 arcsec width by 66.76 arcsec length distributed horizontally. It will operate together with the TIP-II polarimeter to offer high resolution integral field spectropolarimetry. It will also have a bidimensional field of view scanning system to cover a field of view up to 1 by 1 arcmin.

  1. Ground-based remote sensing of tropospheric water vapour isotopologues within the project MUSICA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, M.; Barthlott, S.; Hase, F.; González, Y.; Yoshimura, K.; García, O. E.; Sepúlveda, E.; Gomez-Pelaez, A.; Gisi, M.; Kohlhepp, R.; Dohe, S.; Blumenstock, T.; Wiegele, A.; Christner, E.; Strong, K.; Weaver, D.; Palm, M.; Deutscher, N. M.; Warneke, T.; Notholt, J.; Lejeune, B.; Demoulin, P.; Jones, N.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Smale, D.; Robinson, J.

    2012-12-01

    Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water), long-term tropospheric water vapour isotopologue data records are provided for ten globally distributed ground-based mid-infrared remote sensing stations of the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change). We present a new method allowing for an extensive and straightforward characterisation of the complex nature of such isotopologue remote sensing datasets. We demonstrate that the MUSICA humidity profiles are representative for most of the troposphere with a vertical resolution ranging from about 2 km (in the lower troposphere) to 8 km (in the upper troposphere) and with an estimated precision of better than 10%. We find that the sensitivity with respect to the isotopologue composition is limited to the lower and middle troposphere, whereby we estimate a precision of about 30‰ for the ratio between the two isotopologues HD16O and H216O. The measurement noise, the applied atmospheric temperature profiles, the uncertainty in the spectral baseline, and the cross-dependence on humidity are the leading error sources. We introduce an a posteriori correction method of the cross-dependence on humidity, and we recommend applying it to isotopologue ratio remote sensing datasets in general. In addition, we present mid-infrared CO2 retrievals and use them for demonstrating the MUSICA network-wide data consistency. In order to indicate the potential of long-term isotopologue remote sensing data if provided with a well-documented quality, we present a climatology and compare it to simulations of an isotope incorporated AGCM (Atmospheric General Circulation Model). We identify differences in the multi-year mean and seasonal cycles that significantly exceed the estimated errors, thereby indicating deficits in the modeled atmospheric water cycle.

  2. [Imposex in Voluta musica (Caenogastropoda: Volutidae) from Northeastern Peninsula de Araya, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peralta, Ana Carolina; Miloslavich, Patricia; Bigatti, Gregorio

    2014-06-01

    Voluta musica is a dioecious marine gastropod endemic of the South Caribbean. Tributyltin (TBT) and copper (Cu) are potential inducers of imposex, an endocrine disorder by which females develop a penis and/or vas deferens. The goal of this work was to determine the imposex incidence in V. musica populations from Northeastern Peninsula de Araya. For this, we selected three sites (Isla Caribe, Isla Lobos and Bajo Cuspe) and made monthly samplings of 15 snails in each site, during one year, and determined: (1) sizes; (2) sex and imposex incidence and (3) the Relative Penis Length Index (RPLI). We also performed histological analysis of the gonads, and measured TBT and Cu concentrations in sediments from the studied localities. Our results showed that the total number of sampled females affected by imposex was 24.5% at Isla Caribe, 12% at Isla Lobos, and none at Bajo Cuspe. In sediments, Cu was detected mostly in Isla Lobos. The female gonads with imposex did not show any development of male cells in any of the sampled sites. The higher percentage of females with imposex matched with the higher boat traffic locality, and higher TBT level (Isla Caribe). No esterilization was evident in this work, nevertheless, the presence of TBT and Cu in the sediments and females with imposex were considered as a potential threat to V. musica populations in this region. In Venezuela there is no control over this particular issue, possibly because of the lack of information and research in this topic, but certainly, this information will be useful in biodiversity conservation policies.

  3. Ground-based remote sensing of tropospheric water vapour isotopologues within the project MUSICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schneider

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water, long-term tropospheric water vapour isotopologue data records are provided for ten globally distributed ground-based mid-infrared remote sensing stations of the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change. We present a new method allowing for an extensive and straightforward characterisation of the complex nature of such isotopologue remote sensing datasets. We demonstrate that the MUSICA humidity profiles are representative for most of the troposphere with a vertical resolution ranging from about 2 km (in the lower troposphere to 8 km (in the upper troposphere and with an estimated precision of better than 10%. We find that the sensitivity with respect to the isotopologue composition is limited to the lower and middle troposphere, whereby we estimate a precision of about 30‰ for the ratio between the two isotopologues HD16O and H216O. The measurement noise, the applied atmospheric temperature profiles, the uncertainty in the spectral baseline, and the cross-dependence on humidity are the leading error sources. We introduce an a posteriori correction method of the cross-dependence on humidity, and we recommend applying it to isotopologue ratio remote sensing datasets in general. In addition, we present mid-infrared CO2 retrievals and use them for demonstrating the MUSICA network-wide data consistency. In order to indicate the potential of long-term isotopologue remote sensing data if provided with a well-documented quality, we present a climatology and compare it to simulations of an isotope incorporated AGCM (Atmospheric General Circulation Model. We identify differences in the multi-year mean and seasonal cycles that significantly exceed the estimated errors, thereby indicating deficits in the modeled atmospheric water cycle.

  4. Ground-based remote sensing of tropospheric water vapour isotopologues within the project MUSICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schneider

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water, long-term tropospheric water vapour isotopologues data records are provided for ten globally distributed ground-based mid-infrared remote sensing stations of the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change. We present a new method allowing for an extensive and straightforward characterisation of the complex nature of such isotopologue remote sensing datasets. We demonstrate that the MUSICA humidity profiles are representative for most of the troposphere with a vertical resolution ranging from about 2 km (in the lower troposphere to 8 km (in the upper troposphere and with an estimated precision of better than 10%. We find that the sensitivity with respect to the isotopologue composition is limited to the lower and middle troposphere, whereby we estimate a precision of about 30‰ for the ratio between the two isotopologues HD16O and H216O. The measurement noise, the applied atmospheric temperature profiles, the uncertainty in the spectral baseline, and interferences from humidity are the leading error sources. We introduce an a posteriori correction method of the humidity interference error and we recommend applying it for isotopologue ratio remote sensing datasets in general. In addition, we present mid-infrared CO2 retrievals and use them for demonstrating the MUSICA network-wide data consistency.

    In order to indicate the potential of long-term isotopologue remote sensing data if provided with a well-documented quality, we present a climatology and compare it to simulations of an isotope incorporated AGCM (Atmospheric General Circulation Model. We identify differences in the multi-year mean and seasonal cycles that significantly exceed the estimated errors, thereby indicating deficits in the modeled atmospheric water cycle.

  5. Muusikamaailm : "Musica Nova" Helsingis. Revueltase tähtpäeva-aasta. Pendereckile elutööauhind / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Helsingi uue muusika festivalist "Musica Nova" 3.-11. märtsini. Möödus sajand S. Revueltase sünnist, tähtpäeva üritustest USAs. MIDEMi muusikamess Cannes'is andis viiendat korda välja eriauhinna väljapaistvale kaasaja heliloojale ئ seekord K. Pendereckile

  6. Muusikamaailm : "Musica Nova" Helsingis. Revueltase tähtpäeva-aasta. Pendereckile elutööauhind / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Helsingi uue muusika festivalist "Musica Nova" 3.-11. märtsini. Möödus sajand S. Revueltase sünnist, tähtpäeva üritustest USAs. MIDEMi muusikamess Cannes'is andis viiendat korda välja eriauhinna väljapaistvale kaasaja heliloojale ئ seekord K. Pendereckile

  7. Augustine’s De Musica in the 21st Century Music Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John MacInnis

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Augustine’s De musica is all that remains of his ambitious plan to write a cycle of works describing each of the liberal arts in terms of Christian faith and is actually unfinished; whereas the six books extant today primarily examine rhythm, Augustine intended to write about melody also. The sixth book of De musica was better known in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages than the first five, and it takes up philosophical questions of aesthetics related to the proportionate ordering discernable throughout creation. After a brief introduction summarizing De musica’s content and its importance in subsequent Christian writings, my presentation outlines and explains how I have used this document in my own music classes. For example, my students learn that a vital notion in Augustine’s writings, and in Neoplatonism more broadly, is the spiritual benefit of academic study. That is, through study of music, one gains insight into the created order, but, more importantly, one’s soul is strengthened and trained to perceive higher realities of the cosmos such as the ordering of the planetary spheres and the progression of celestial hierarchies, which span the spiritual distance from God to humanity.

  8. Muusikamaailm : Hong Kong Arts Festival. "Haydni päevad" Viinis. "Ars Musica" Brüsselis. Martha Mödli mälestuseks / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    22. II - 19. III toimuvast Hong Kong Arts Festivalist. Viinis toimuvast muusikaüritusest "Haydn-Tage". 7. - 24.III Brüsselis toimuvast uue muusika festivalist"Ars Musica". Meenutatakse saksa ooperisopranit Martha Mödli

  9. Muusikamaailm : Hong Kong Arts Festival. "Haydni päevad" Viinis. "Ars Musica" Brüsselis. Martha Mödli mälestuseks / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    22. II - 19. III toimuvast Hong Kong Arts Festivalist. Viinis toimuvast muusikaüritusest "Haydn-Tage". 7. - 24.III Brüsselis toimuvast uue muusika festivalist"Ars Musica". Meenutatakse saksa ooperisopranit Martha Mödli

  10. Tra poesia, musica, disegno e prosa: il progetto DAP – Dmitrij Aleksandrovič Prigov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Bravin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Il presente articolo si sofferma su una delle maggiori figure del panorama culturale russo del Ventesimo secolo, Dmitrij Aleksandrovič Prigov (1940-2007: poeta, scrittore, pittore, grafico, autore di installazioni, performance teatrali e musicali, Prigov rappresenta un artista completo e un autore dalla natura poliedrica per il quale risulta impossibile stabilire gerarchie tra le svariate incarnazioni. La sua produzione artistica si inserisce all’interno di un progetto che include le varie forme sperimentate, il progetto DAP – Dmitrij Aleksandrovič Prigov: in esso tutti i tipi di attività (prosa, poesia, disegno, musica si compenetrano, con la conseguente rottura dei tradizionali confini tra le arti. Dopo aver delineato le caratteristiche essenziali del progetto DAP, si analizzeranno alcuni esempi concreti di applicazione di tali principi, con riferimento alle performance orali, al confine tra poesia, canto e musica. Punto di partenza di queste esibizioni vocali è l’Azbuka (‘Abbecedario’, dove a ciascuna delle trentatré lettere dell’alfabeto russo viene associato ora un suono, ora un elenco di parole, ora una situazione: parola scritta e musica si fondono in una performance unica. This paper focuses on one of the most famous figures of the Russian cultural scene of the Twentieth century: Dmitrij Aleksandrovič Prigov (1940-2007. As poet, writer, painter, graphic designer, author of installations, musical and theatrical performances, Prigov was a total, versatile and extremely productive artist, for whom it is difficult to establish a hierarchy between all his different personifications. His entire artistic production is part of a wide project including different genres and permanently breaking borders between forms of art: the life-long artistic project DAP – Dmitrij Aleksandrovič Prigov.  After having described the characteristics of the project DAP, in this paper I aim to analyze some examples of this combination of

  11. Empirical validation and proof of added value of MUSICA's tropospheric δD remote sensing products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, M.; González, Y.; Dyroff, C.; Christner, E.; Wiegele, A.; Barthlott, S.; García, O. E.; Sepúlveda, E.; Hase, F.; Andrey, J.; Blumenstock, T.; Guirado, C.; Ramos, R.; Rodríguez, S.

    2015-01-01

    The project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) integrates tropospheric water vapour isotopologue remote sensing and in situ observations. This paper presents a first empirical validation of MUSICA's H2O and δD remote sensing products, generated from ground-based FTIR (Fourier transform infrared), spectrometer and space-based IASI (infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer) observation. The study is made in the area of the Canary Islands in the subtropical northern Atlantic. As reference we use well calibrated in situ measurements made aboard an aircraft (between 200 and 6800 m a.s.l.) by the dedicated ISOWAT instrument and on the island of Tenerife at two different altitudes (at Izaña, 2370 m a.s.l., and at Teide, 3550 m a.s.l.) by two commercial Picarro L2120-i water isotopologue analysers. The comparison to the ISOWAT profile measurements shows that the remote sensors can well capture the variations in the water vapour isotopologues, and the scatter with respect to the in situ references suggests a δD random uncertainty for the FTIR product of much better than 45‰ in the lower troposphere and of about 15‰ for the middle troposphere. For the middle tropospheric IASI δD product the study suggests a respective uncertainty of about 15‰. In both remote sensing data sets we find a positive δD bias of 30-70‰. Complementing H2O observations with δD data allows moisture transport studies that are not possible with H2O observations alone. We are able to qualitatively demonstrate the added value of the MUSICA δD remote sensing data. We document that the δD-H2O curves obtained from the different in situ and remote sensing data sets (ISOWAT, Picarro at Izaña and Teide, FTIR, and IASI) consistently identify two different moisture transport pathways to the subtropical north eastern Atlantic free troposphere.

  12. Empirical validation and proof of added value of MUSICA's tropospheric δD remote sensing products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schneider

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water integrates tropospheric water vapour isototopologue remote sensing and in-situ observations. This paper presents a first empirical validation of MUSICA's H2O and δD remote sensing products (generated from ground-based FTIR, Fourier Transform InfraRed, spectrometer and space-based IASI, Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer, observation. As reference we use well calibrated in-situ measurements made aboard an aircraft (between 200 and 6800 m a.s.l. by the dedicated ISOWAT instrument and on the island of Tenerife at two different altitudes (at Izaña, 2370 m a.s.l., and at Teide, 3550 m a.s.l. by two commercial Picarro L2120-i water isotopologue analysers. The comparison to the ISOWAT profile measurements shows that the remote sensors can well capture the variations in the water vapour isotopologues and the scatter with respect to the in-situ references suggests a δD random uncertainty for the FTIR product of much better than 45‰ in the lower troposphere and of about 15‰ for the middle troposphere. For the middle tropospheric IASI δD product the study suggests a respective uncertainty of about 15‰. In addition, we find indications for a positive δD bias in the remote sensing products. The δD data are scientifically interesting only if they add information to the H2O observations. We are able to qualitatively demonstrate the added value of the MUSICA δD remote sensing data by comparing δD-vs.-H2O curves. First, we show that the added value of δD as seen in the Picarro data is similarly seen in FTIR data measured in coincidence. Second, we document that the δD-vs.-H2O curves obtained from the different in-situ and remote sensing data sets (ISOWAT, Picarro at Izaña and Teide, FTIR, and IASI consistently identify two different moisture transport pathways to the subtropical north eastern Atlantic free troposphere.

  13. MUSICA参数的应用评价%Application value of MUSICA index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洪朴; 李清军; 李滕南; 董晓东

    2005-01-01

    随着CR技术在临床中的应用,其强大的后处理功能给影像技帅及临床医师的工作带来极大的方便。MUSICA CMULTI—SCALE IMAGE CONTRAST AMPLIFICATION)参数,即多层次影像对比度放大技术,是AGFA公司在1994年开发的一种先进实用的技术,它使得图像后处理功能变得更加简单实用。MUSICA各项参数的合理运用,使从一幅影像上获取不同诊断结果成为可能,从而最大限度地满足了临床要求。

  14. MuSICa at GRIS: a prototype image slicer for EST at GREGOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcines, A.; Collados, M.; López, R. L.

    2013-05-01

    This communication presents a prototype image slicer for the 4-m European Solar Telescope (EST) designed for the spectrograph of the 1.5-m GREGOR solar telescope (GRIS). The design of this integral field unit has been called MuSICa (Multi-Slit Image slicer based on collimator-Camera). It is a telecentric system developed specifically for the integral field, high resolution spectrograph of EST and presents multi-slit capability, reorganizing a bidimensional field of view of 80 arcsec^{2} into 8 slits, each one of them with 200 arcsec length × 0.05 arcsec width. It minimizes the number of optical components needed to fulfil this multi-slit capability, three arrays of mirrors: slicer, collimator and camera mirror arrays (the first one flat and the other two spherical). The symmetry of the layout makes it possible to overlap the pupil images associated to each part of the sliced entrance field of view. A mask with only one circular aperture is placed at the pupil position. This symmetric characteristic offers some advantages: facilitates the manufacturing process, the alignment and reduces the costs. In addition, it is compatible with two modes of operation: spectroscopic and spectro-polarimetric, offering a great versatility. The optical quality of the system is diffraction-limited. The prototype will improve the performances of GRIS at GREGOR and is part of the feasibility study of the integral field unit for the spectrographs of EST. Although MuSICa has been designed as a solar image slicer, its concept can also be applied to night-time astronomical instruments (Collados et al. 2010, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7733, 77330H; Collados et al. 2012, AN, 333, 901; Calcines et al. 2010, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7735, 77351X)

  15. Methotrexate Dosage Reduction Upon Adalimumab Initiation: Clinical and Ultrasonographic Outcomes from the Randomized Noninferiority MUSICA Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaeley, Gurjit S; Evangelisto, Amy M; Nishio, Midori J; Goss, Sandra L; Liu, Shufang; Kalabic, Jasmina; Kupper, Hartmut

    2016-08-01

    To examine the clinical and ultrasonographic (US) outcomes of reducing methotrexate (MTX) dosage upon initiating adalimumab (ADA) in MTX-inadequate responders with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MUSICA (NCT01185288) was a double-blind, randomized, parallel-arm study of 309 patients with RA receiving MTX ≥ 15 mg/week for ≥ 12 weeks before screening. Patients were randomized to high dosage (20 mg/week) or low dosage (7.5 mg/week) MTX; all patients received 40 mg open-label ADA every other week for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was Week 24 mean 28-joint Disease Activity Score based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) to test for noninferiority of low-dosage MTX using a 15% margin. US images were scored using a 10-joint semiquantitative system incorporating OMERACT definitions for pathology, assessing synovial hypertrophy, vascularity, and bony erosions. Rapid improvement in clinical indices was observed in both groups after addition of ADA. The difference in mean DAS28-CRP (0.37, 95% CI 0.07-0.66) comparing low-dosage (4.12, 95% CI 3.88-4.34) versus high-dosage MTX (3.75, 95% CI 3.52-3.97) was statistically significant and non-inferiority was not met. Statistically significant differences were not detected for most clinical, functional, and US outcomes. Pharmacokinetic and safety profiles were similar. In MUSICA, Week 24 mean DAS28-CRP, the primary endpoint, did not meet non-inferiority for the low-dosage MTX group. Although the differences between the 2 MTX dosage groups were small, our study findings did not support routine MTX reduction in MTX inadequate responders initiating ADA.

  16. MUSICA MetOp/IASI {H2O,δD} pair retrieval simulations for validating tropospheric moisture pathways in atmospheric models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Matthias; Borger, Christian; Wiegele, Andreas; Hase, Frank; García, Omaira E.; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Werner, Martin

    2017-02-01

    The project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) has shown that the sensor IASI aboard the satellite MetOp can measure the free tropospheric {H2O,δD} pair distribution twice per day on a quasi-global scale. Such data are very promising for investigating tropospheric moisture pathways, however, the complex data characteristics compromise their usage in the context of model evaluation studies. Here we present a tool that allows for simulating MUSICA MetOp/IASI {H2O,δD} pair remote sensing data for a given model atmosphere, thereby creating model data that have the remote sensing data characteristics assimilated. This model data can then be compared to the MUSICA data. The retrieval simulation method is based on the physical principles of radiative transfer and we show that the uncertainty of the simulations is within the uncertainty of the MUSICA MetOp/IASI products, i.e. the retrieval simulations are reliable enough. We demonstrate the working principle of the simulator by applying it to ECHAM5-wiso model data. The few case studies clearly reveal the large potential of the MUSICA MetOp/IASI {H2O,δD} data pairs for evaluating modelled moisture pathways. The tool is made freely available in form of MATLAB and Python routines and can be easily connected to any atmospheric water vapour isotopologue model.

  17. 多级图像对比增益(MUSICA)在全脊柱摄影后处理中的应用探讨%Application of MUSICA in post processing on the full spine radiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡安宁

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨用计算机摄影(Computer radiography)进行全脊柱摄影时,运用多级图像对比增益(MUSICA)软件后处理技术的临床价值.方法:应用全脊柱专用暗盒架(2~3个IP板)一次曝光,分别逐个采集IP板信息至图像后处理工作站.经全脊柱模式对所选多幅图像执行自动化图像拼合,生成一幅完整全脊柱片.结果:2500例全脊柱图像明显得到优化.结论:多级图像对比增益(MUSICA)的应用,为临床科医生测量脊柱(COBB角)的精确度、制定术前方案、术后疗效提供了更多的信息资料.

  18. IL POTERE DEL SOGNO: MUSICA E STRUTTURA NEL FILM EYES WIDE SHUT DI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Ferrari

    2008-09-01

    brillante per l’occhio, risulta opaca e impenetrabile alla ragione. In questo quadro la musica è un elemento fondamentale che accresce significativamente la complessitá dell’insieme. L’articolo esamina alcune delle sofisticate strategie con cui Kubrick mette in relazione suoni e immagini secondo una concezione altamente evoluta che esclude il puro e semplice commento musicale alle immagini. Se il visibile è di per sé ricco di senso, l’udibile non lo è meno, e l’interazione fra queste due dimensioni avviene all’insegna del paradosso. Musica e immagini procedono secondo un gioco di sfasamenti e di contraddizioni che moltiplicano gli indizi con cui la realtá si rende leggibile, fino a immergerla in una totale ambiguità. Personaggi - e spettatori - si trovano così smarriti in un laberinto di senso che ipnotizza e affascina senza mai rivelare il proprio segreto.83

  19. Popular o non popular? I tardi anni Sessanta, la controcultura e l’avanguardia nella musica rock. L’esempio di "Ummagumma" dei Pink Floyd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Gonin

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In alcuni generi che emergono nella popular music della fine degli anni Sessanta, quali progressive, art o psychedelic rock, la tensione verso la sperimentazione sembra essere la principale preoccupazione dell’ “avanguardia pop”, sia negli Stati Uniti (con figure come Frank Zappa, The Velvet Underground, The Grateful Dead, che nel Regno Unito (AMM, Pink Floyd, The Beatles, Soft Machine. In questi repertori si evidenziano due principali tipologie di approcci, che possono essere definiti “tentazione sinfonica” e “tentazione sperimentale”. L’obiettivo di questo contributo è mostrare come, alla fine degli anni Sessanta, i confini tra popular music, free jazz, musica sperimentale e “musica d’arte” si siano progressivamente indeboliti, se non addirittura siano completamente superati. A partire da una panoramica generale del decennio, il saggio si concentra sulla combinazione di modalità compositive tipiche dell’avanguardia, della musica d’arte e della popular music, concentrando l’attenzione su tre aspetti: sperimentazione nel rock della fine degli anni Sessanta; sperimentazione nella musica dei Pink Floyd; analisi di alcuni pezzi tratti dall’album Ummagumma.

  20. La musica dei classici viennesi nella coscienza collettiva e agli occhi della ricerca: un’incomprensione vicendevole?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Hermann Schmid

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available La cultura presuppone la comprensione storica. Non c’è insegnamento di grammatica, di religione o di musica senza tracce della storia. Tuttavia la storia, a dispetto della bella definizione di Leopold von Ranke, non ha alcunché d’oggettivo, e ancor meno ne hanno i suoi verdetti. La storia, si sa, è un costrutto intellettuale. All’edificazione di questo costrutto, nonché alla sua trasmissione – anche alla “trasmissione del sapere musicale”, il nostro tema – prendono parte istanze assai diverse, di certo non la sola ricerca storica. Per la storia della musica dobbiamo fare i conti con tre diverse istanze: (a la corporazione dei musicisti, nel gergo della loro oralità; (b la comunità scientifica, nella sua produzione editoriale, nel suo magistero accademico; (c l’opinione pubblica, nel condizionamento derivante dai mass-media. Tra (b e (c si pone inoltre la scuola. Essa deriva la propria autocoscienza dalla ricerca; molto più della comunità scientifica, tuttavia, è chiamata a confrontarsi con l’opinione pubblica.Le visioni della storia differiscono tra loro, com’è lecito aspettarsi, e mutano di epoca in epoca: è ciò che intendo mostrare con un esempio da manuale circa la formazione del canone e la concezione teleologica della storia riferito ai classici viennesi.

  1. "Es un ejemplo no solamente para los de su raza qom sino para toda la juventud formosena". El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la musica indigena en la controvertida politica formosena

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Citro, Silvia; Torres Aguero, Soledad

    2012-01-01

    Analizamos las politicas culturales emprendidas recientemente en la provincia de Formosa, Argentina, respecto del patrimonio cultural inmaterial indigena y, en especial, de la musica de los tobas o gom...

  2. Imposex en Voluta musica (Caenogastropoda: Volutidae en el Noreste de la Península de Araya, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Peralta

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Voluta musica es un gasterópodo dioico endémico del Caribe sur. El TBT y el Cu, son potenciales causantes del imposex, fenómeno donde las hembras desarrollan un pene y/o vaso deferente. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia de imposex en V. musica en el noreste de la Península de Araya. Se seleccionaron tres localidades y se captura-ron mensualmente 15 individuos durante un año para determinar: (1 talla de los individuos; (2 sexo y presencia de imposex; (3 índice Largo Relativo del Pene (RPLI. Se realizó histología de la gónada de los individuos. Se determinó TBT y Cu en el sedimento de cada localidad. En Isla Caribe, el 24.5% de las hembras presentó imposex, y se halló 3.9ngSn/g de TBT; en Isla Lobos, el 12% de las hembras desarrollaron imposex; en Bajo del Cuspe no se observó imposex. Se halló Cu en mayor concentración en Isla Lobos. Las gónadas femeninas con imposex no demos-traron masculinización. El mayor porcentaje de imposex coincide con la localidad de mayor tráfico de embarcacio-nes y con mayor nivel de TBT (Isla Caribe. No se eviden-ció esterilización, sin embargo la presencia de TBT, Cu e imposex son potenciales amenazas para las poblaciones de V. musica en la región. Hasta ahora, en Venezuela no se está tomando ninguna medida de control sobre este tema en particular, posiblemente por la escasez de información y orientación de las investigaciones hacia este tema, pero que sin duda se debería tomar en cuenta en las políticas para la conservación de la biodiversidad

  3. Muusikamaailm : "Kevadpühitsus" sajandi teoseks. Nikolaus Harnoncourt"i juubel. Kent Nagano Deutsche Operisse. "Musica viva" Münchenis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lääne-Euroopa populaarsete muusikaajakirjade "BBC Music Magazine" ja "Le Mond de la Musique" küsitluse põhjal osutus 20. saj. tähtsaimaks muusikateoseks I. Stravinski ballett "Kevadpühitsus". N. Harnoncourt tähistas 6. dets. 70. juubelit. Dirigendi tegevusest. K. Nagano kinnitati Berliini Deutsche Operi muusikadirektoriks aastast 2001. Dirigendi senisest tegevusest. Baieri Raadio korraldatava uue muusika sarja "Musica viva" kontsertidest

  4. Muusikamaailm : "Kevadpühitsus" sajandi teoseks. Nikolaus Harnoncourt"i juubel. Kent Nagano Deutsche Operisse. "Musica viva" Münchenis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lääne-Euroopa populaarsete muusikaajakirjade "BBC Music Magazine" ja "Le Mond de la Musique" küsitluse põhjal osutus 20. saj. tähtsaimaks muusikateoseks I. Stravinski ballett "Kevadpühitsus". N. Harnoncourt tähistas 6. dets. 70. juubelit. Dirigendi tegevusest. K. Nagano kinnitati Berliini Deutsche Operi muusikadirektoriks aastast 2001. Dirigendi senisest tegevusest. Baieri Raadio korraldatava uue muusika sarja "Musica viva" kontsertidest

  5. The MUSICA MetOp/IASI H2O and δD products: characterisation and long-term comparison to NDACC/FTIR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegele, A.; Schneider, M.; Hase, F.; Barthlott, S.; García, O. E.; Sepúlveda, E.; González, Y.; Blumenstock, T.; Raffalski, U.; Gisi, M.; Kohlhepp, R.

    2014-08-01

    Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) ground- and space-based remote sensing as well as in situ data sets of tropospheric water vapour isotopologues are provided. The space-based remote-sensing data set is produced from spectra measured by the IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer) sensor and is potentially available on a global scale. Here, we present the MUSICA IASI data for three different geophysical locations (subtropics, midlatitudes, and Arctic), and we provide a comprehensive characterisation of the complex nature of such space-based isotopologue remote-sensing products. The quality assessment study is complemented by a comparison to MUSICA's ground-based FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) remote-sensing data retrieved from the spectra recorded at three different locations within the framework of NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change). We confirm that IASI is able to measure tropospheric H2O profiles with a vertical resolution of about 4 km and a random error of about 10%. In addition IASI can observe middle tropospheric δD that adds complementary value to IASI's middle tropospheric H2O observations. Our study presents theoretical and empirical proof that IASI has the capability for a global observation of middle tropospheric water vapour isotopologues on a daily timescale and at a quality that is sufficiently high for water cycle research purposes.

  6. The MUSICA MetOp/IASI H2O and δD products: characterisation and long-term comparison to NDACC/FTIR data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Wiegele

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water ground- and space-based remote sensing as well as in-situ datasets of tropospheric water vapour isotopologues are provided. The space-based remote-sensing dataset is produced from spectra measured by the IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer sensor and is potentially available on a global scale. Here, we present the MUSICA IASI data for three different geophysical locations (subtropics, mid-latitudes, and arctic and we provide a comprehensive characterisation of the complex nature of such space-based isotopologue remote sensing products. The quality assessment study is complemented by a comparison to MUSICA's ground-based FTIR (Fourier-Transform InfraRed remote sensing data retrieved from the spectra recorded at three different locations within the framework of NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change. We confirm that IASI is able to measure tropospheric H2O profiles with a vertical resolution of about 4 km and a random error of about 10%. In addition IASI can observe middle tropospheric δD that adds complementary value to IASI's middle tropospheric H2O observations. Our study is both, a theoretical and an empirical proof that IASI has the capability for a global observation of middle tropospheric water vapour isotopologues on a daily timescale and at a quality that is sufficiently high for water cycle research purposes.

  7. Validation of SCIAMACHY HDO/H2O measurements using the TCCON and NDACC-MUSICA networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheepmaker, R. A.; Frankenberg, C.; Deutscher, N. M.; Schneider, M.; Barthlott, S.; Blumenstock, T.; Garcia, O. E.; Hase, F.; Jones, N.; Mahieu, E.; Notholt, J.; Velazco, V.; Landgraf, J.; Aben, I.

    2015-04-01

    Measurements of the atmospheric HDO/H2O ratio help us to better understand the hydrological cycle and improve models to correctly simulate tropospheric humidity and therefore climate change. We present an updated version of the column-averaged HDO/H2O ratio data set from the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY). The data set is extended with 2 additional years, now covering 2003-2007, and is validated against co-located ground-based total column δD measurements from Fourier transform spectrometers (FTS) of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) and the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC, produced within the framework of the MUSICA project). Even though the time overlap among the available data is not yet ideal, we determined a mean negative bias in SCIAMACHY δD of -35 ± 30‰ compared to TCCON and -69 ± 15‰ compared to MUSICA (the uncertainty indicating the station-to-station standard deviation). The bias shows a latitudinal dependency, being largest (∼ -60 to -80‰) at the highest latitudes and smallest (∼ -20 to -30‰) at the lowest latitudes. We have tested the impact of an offset correction to the SCIAMACHY HDO and H2O columns. This correction leads to a humidity- and latitude-dependent shift in δD and an improvement of the bias by 27‰, although it does not lead to an improved correlation with the FTS measurements nor to a strong reduction of the latitudinal dependency of the bias. The correction might be an improvement for dry, high-altitude areas, such as the Tibetan Plateau and the Andes region. For these areas, however, validation is currently impossible due to a lack of ground stations. The mean standard deviation of single-sounding SCIAMACHY-FTS differences is ∼ 115‰, which is reduced by a factor ∼ 2 when we consider monthly means. When we relax the strict matching of individual measurements and focus on the mean seasonalities using all available

  8. MUSICA参数在口腔曲面全景CR摄影中的应用%Application of MUSICA to Oral Rotational Panoramic Radiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫; 田岚; 常冬梅; 赵春阳; 张博; 苏晓娟

    2012-01-01

    目的:通过多级图像对比度放大技术(multi-scale image contrast amplification,MUSICA)的运用,提高口腔曲面全景摄影的影像质量.方法:随机抽取50例口腔曲面全景图像,经MUSICA处理后,获得原始组、处理组图像共100幅,由2位主管技师和一位诊断医师对100幅图像牙列区和下颌骨切牙区作主观评价,对统计数据应用SPSS12.0进行分析,P<0.05有统计学意义.结果:卡方检验结果x2=6.797,P=0.033<0.05,2组数据对比有统计学意义.结论:MU-SICA可以明显提高口腔曲面全景摄影的影像质量.%Objective To improve the image quality of oral rotational panoramic radiography by using multi-scale image contrast amplification (MUSIA) algorithm. Methods Fifty cases were chosen at random and treated with MUSICA algorithm, then 100 images were obtained, including 50 raw ones of the control group and 50 treated ones of the treatment group. The subjective evaluation was made by two supervising technicians. Data were analyzed by chi-square of SPSS 12.0', Results Chi-square test, with x2 equal to 6.797 and P less than 0.05, indicated that there was statistically significant difference between two groups. Coacbjsiari MUSICA algorithm can significantly improve the image quality of oral rotational panoramic radiography.[Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ,2012,33(7) :66,68

  9. La bachata del gay volador: el desafio a la sexualidad y la identidad Dominicana en la musica de Andy Pena y en bachata del angel caido de Pedro Antonio Valdez

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mendez, Danny

    2011-01-01

    ...) de Pedro Antonio Valdez y en la bachata de Andy Pena y su cancion Quiero volar (2008). Aqui se propone que los significados sociales atribuidos a la bachata se rearticulan de distintos modos en la novela de Valdez y en la musica de Pena...

  10. Musica Departamento de musica Trio op. 8

    OpenAIRE

    Cuéllar Sáenz, Juan Antonio

    2004-01-01

    Esta obra en cinco movimientos, escrita para Violín, Viola y Violoncello, elabora de diversas maneras un mismo material melódico y armónico, proveniente de una escala que es presentada al inicio del primer movimiento.

  11. Osservazioni in margine sulla musica per l’immacolato concepimento della Vergine, al tempo di Sisto IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Cavicchi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’istituzione della festa per l’Immacolata Concezione diede impulso ad una serie di innovazioni con esiti musicali nella liturgia, nelle fondazioni musicali e nella realizzazione del tema figurativo dell’Immacolata. Fra le sue prime azioni, papa Sisto IV commissionò un nuovo ufficio, l’Officium Immaculatae Virginis Mariae di Leonardo Nogarolo (1477 cui seguì l’Officium Conceptionis Virginis Mariae di Bernardino Busti (1492, pervenutici entrambi privi di notazione. Per l’ufficio di L. Nogarolo e per l’introito della messa “Egredimini et videte filie Sion” furono composti dei canti propri, pubblicati rispettivamente in due raccolte curate da Francesco de Brugis: l’Antiphonarium e il Graduale secundum morem sancte Romanae ecclesie (Venezia, Lucantonio Giunta, 1503 e 1500. Al tempo di Sisto IV i canti si ispiravano certamente all’ufficio di L. Nogarolo, ma è assai probabile che nei primi anni dell’istituzione della festa convivessero più tradizioni musicali. Le cronache confermano che Sisto IV soleva celebrare la festa nella basilica di San Pietro, eseguendo l’ufficio (la vigilia, poi la messa al mattino e, nel pomeriggio, una processione lo conduceva alla chiesa di Santa Maria del Popolo, dove era solito recitare una preghiera, probabilmente la stessa a lui attribuita, Ave sanctissima Maria. Nella basilica di San Pietro Sisto IV aveva commissionato la realizzazione di una cappella dedicata all’Immacolata Concezione dotata d’un coro di dieci cantori che garantivano la musica nel servizio divino. Il progetto del papa francescano mirava a far in modo che le due più importanti istituzioni musicali della Chiesa fossero vincolate al culto mariano: la cappella Sistina (cappella privata del pontefice fu consacrata all’Assunzione della Vergine, mentre la cappella di San Pietro all’Immacolata Concezione.Per l’affermazione del culto in ambito devozionale, agì con grande efficacia la preghiera Ave sanctissima Maria

  12. 对主题写作的重新探索——有关《Musica recercata》创作手法的一些分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林昶

    2013-01-01

    匈牙利作曲家里盖蒂的钢琴组曲《Musica recercata》 是一套以音数递增作为各单曲音高安排的作品.在这套作品中,各单曲的主题音调设计非常简洁.而作曲家对于这种简洁、传统的主题音调进行写作的时候运用了一些特殊的重复手法.文章通过对各单曲的分析试图发掘一些对传统的主题进行非传统写作的手法.

  13. 利盖蒂钢琴作品《莱切卡组曲》(Musica ricercata)之四的音乐分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄祖平

    2012-01-01

    本文以20世纪非常重要的作曲家,奥籍匈牙利作曲家利盖蒂的钢琴作品《莱切卡组曲》(Musica ricercata)之四作为研究对象.旨在通过对这首小品的分析解读,梳理作曲家在早期音乐创作中表现出的一些结构特色,指出作曲家对传统与创新的的态度.让我们能够对这位20世纪重量级作曲大师结构思维的形成与发展有所了解,从而帮助我们对大师其它作品的理解和把握.

  14. Accomplishments of the MUSICA project to provide accurate, long-term, global and high-resolution observations of tropospheric {H2O,δD} pairs - a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Matthias; Wiegele, Andreas; Barthlott, Sabine; González, Yenny; Christner, Emanuel; Dyroff, Christoph; García, Omaira E.; Hase, Frank; Blumenstock, Thomas; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Mengistu Tsidu, Gizaw; Takele Kenea, Samuel; Rodríguez, Sergio; Andrey, Javier

    2016-07-01

    In the lower/middle troposphere, {H2O,δD} pairs are good proxies for moisture pathways; however, their observation, in particular when using remote sensing techniques, is challenging. The project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) addresses this challenge by integrating the remote sensing with in situ measurement techniques. The aim is to retrieve calibrated tropospheric {H2O,δD} pairs from the middle infrared spectra measured from ground by FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectrometers of the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change) and the thermal nadir spectra measured by IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer) aboard the MetOp satellites. In this paper, we present the final MUSICA products, and discuss the characteristics and potential of the NDACC/FTIR and MetOp/IASI {H2O,δD} data pairs. First, we briefly resume the particularities of an {H2O,δD} pair retrieval. Second, we show that the remote sensing data of the final product version are absolutely calibrated with respect to H2O and δD in situ profile references measured in the subtropics, between 0 and 7 km. Third, we reveal that the {H2O,δD} pair distributions obtained from the different remote sensors are consistent and allow distinct lower/middle tropospheric moisture pathways to be identified in agreement with multi-year in situ references. Fourth, we document the possibilities of the NDACC/FTIR instruments for climatological studies (due to long-term monitoring) and of the MetOp/IASI sensors for observing diurnal signals on a quasi-global scale and with high horizontal resolution. Fifth, we discuss the risk of misinterpreting {H2O,δD} pair distributions due to incomplete processing of the remote sensing products.

  15. Muusika : Jeremija nutulaulud palmipuudepühal. Jätkub "Musica Grande". Lihavõttetervitus Barcelonast. Rannap "Selges eesti helikeeles". Juba XIII trompetipäevad. III klavessiinipäevad / Jaan-Eik Tulve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulve, Jaan-Eik, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    Vox Clamantise kontsertidest Tartus ja Tallinnas. Jätkub sari "Musica Grande" kontsertidega Tartus ja Tallinnas pealkirjaga "Kontsertlik". Eestisse sõidab esinema üks Hispaania tippkoore Coral Cantiga Barcelonast. Rein Rannapi tänavusest suurprojektist, klaveriõhtust "Selges eesti helikeeles". 1. - 7. aprillini toimuvad EMA rahvusvahelised trompetipäevad. 4. - 7. aprillini korraldab Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunft III klavessiinipäevad

  16. Muusika : Jeremija nutulaulud palmipuudepühal. Jätkub "Musica Grande". Lihavõttetervitus Barcelonast. Rannap "Selges eesti helikeeles". Juba XIII trompetipäevad. III klavessiinipäevad / Jaan-Eik Tulve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulve, Jaan-Eik, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    Vox Clamantise kontsertidest Tartus ja Tallinnas. Jätkub sari "Musica Grande" kontsertidega Tartus ja Tallinnas pealkirjaga "Kontsertlik". Eestisse sõidab esinema üks Hispaania tippkoore Coral Cantiga Barcelonast. Rein Rannapi tänavusest suurprojektist, klaveriõhtust "Selges eesti helikeeles". 1. - 7. aprillini toimuvad EMA rahvusvahelised trompetipäevad. 4. - 7. aprillini korraldab Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunft III klavessiinipäevad

  17. First observations of tropospheric δD data observed by ground- and space-based remote sensing and surface in-situ measurement techniques at MUSICA's principle reference station (Izaña Observatory, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Yenny; Schneider, Matthias; Christner, Emanuel; Rodríguez, Omaira E.; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Dyroff, Christoph; Wiegele, Andreas

    2013-04-01

    The main goal of the project MUSICA (Multiplatform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) is the generation of a quasi global tropospheric water vapor isototopologue dataset of a good and well-documented quality. Therefore, new ground- and space-based remote sensing observations (NDACC-FTIR and IASI/METOP) are combined with in-situ measurements. This work presents the first comparison between in-situ and remote sensing observations made at the Izaña Atmospheric Research Centre (Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain). The in-situ measurements are made by a Picarro L2120-i water vapor isotopologue analyzer. At Izaña the in-situ data are affected by local small-scale mixing processes: during daylight, the thermally buoyant upslope flow prompts the mixing between the Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) and the low Free Troposphere (FT). However, the remote sensors detect δD values averaged over altitudes that are more representative for the free troposphere. This difference has to be considered for the comparison. In general, a good agreement between the MUSICA remote sensing and the in situ H2O-versus-δD plots is found, which demonstrates that the MUSICA δD remote sensing products add scientifically valuable information to the H2O data.

  18. Una musica politica

    OpenAIRE

    Solomos, Makis

    2005-01-01

    notice du CD Agostino Di Scipio, Paysages historiques, éditions Chrysopée électronique-Bourges, 2005, LDC 278 11 30, p. 2-7/11-16.; notice du CD Agostino Di Scipio, Paysages historiques, éditions Chrysopée électronique-Bourges, 2005, LDC 278 11 30, p. 2-7/11-16.

  19. Pedagogia della musica

    OpenAIRE

    E. Bottero; Padovani, A

    2007-01-01

    La limitación del arte al reducto de la “bella apariencia”, típica de nuestra consciencia estética, es reflejo y complemento de cierto cientificismo moderno que encierra la idea de conocimiento en el modelo elaborado por las ciencias naturales. Este modelo se basa en la necesidad de reducir la complejidad de la realidad resolviéndola en principios simples y leyes generales. Nos referimos al principio de universalidad, es decir, la investigación de las leyes, el principio de causalidad lineal,...

  20. Airborne in situ vertical profiling of HDO / H216O in the subtropical troposphere during the MUSICA remote sensing validation campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyroff, C.; Sanati, S.; Christner, E.; Zahn, A.; Balzer, M.; Bouquet, H.; McManus, J. B.; Gonzalez-Ramos, Y.; Schneider, M.

    2015-05-01

    Vertical profiles of water vapor (H2O) and its isotope ratio D / H expressed as δD(H2O) were measured in situ by the ISOWAT II diode-laser spectrometer during the MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water (MUSICA) airborne campaign. We present recent modifications of the instrument design. The instrument calibration on the ground as well as in flight is described. Based on the calibration measurements, the humidity-dependent uncertainty of our airborne data is determined. For the majority of the airborne data we achieved an accuracy (uncertainty of the mean) of Δ(δD) ≈10‰. Vertical profiles between 150 and ~7000 m were obtained during 7 days in July and August 2013 over the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean near Tenerife. The flights were coordinated with ground-based (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change, NDACC) and space-based (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer, IASI) FTIR remote sensing measurements of δD(H2O) as a means to validate the remote sensing humidity and δD(H2O) data products. The results of the validation are presented in detail in a separate paper (Schneider et al., 2014). The profiles were obtained with a high vertical resolution of around 3 m. By analyzing humidity and δD(H2O) correlations we were able to identify different layers of air masses with specific isotopic signatures. The results are discussed.

  1. Dual antiplatelet therapy versus oral anticoagulation plus dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation and low-to-moderate thromboembolic risk undergoing coronary stenting: design of the MUSICA-2 randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sambola, Antonia; Montoro, J Bruno; Del Blanco, Bruno García; Llavero, Nadia; Barrabés, José A; Alfonso, Fernando; Bueno, Héctor; Cequier, Angel; Serra, Antonio; Zueco, Javier; Sabaté, Manel; Rodríguez-Leor, Oriol; García-Dorado, David

    2013-10-01

    Oral anticoagulation (OAC) is the recommended therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) because it reduces the risk of stroke and other thromboembolic events. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is required after percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting (PCI-S). In patients with AF requiring PCI-S, the association of DAPT and OAC carries an increased risk of bleeding, whereas OAC therapy or DAPT alone may not protect against the risk of developing new ischemic or thromboembolic events. The MUSICA-2 study will test the hypothesis that DAPT compared with triple therapy (TT) in patients with nonvalvular AF at low-to-moderate risk of stroke (CHADS2 score ≤2) after PCI-S reduces the risk of bleeding and is not inferior to TT for preventing thromboembolic complications. The MUSICA-2 is a multicenter, open-label randomized trial that will compare TT with DAPT in patients with AF and CHADS2 score ≤2 undergoing PCI-S. The primary end point is the incidence of stroke or any systemic embolism or major adverse cardiac events: death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or target vessel revascularization at 1 year of PCI-S. The secondary end point is the combination of any cardiovascular event with major or minor bleeding at 1 year of PCI-S. The calculated sample size is 304 patients. The MUSICA-2 will attempt to determine the most effective and safe treatment in patients with nonvalvular AF and CHADS2 score ≤2 after PCI-S. Restricting TT for AF patients at high risk for stroke may reduce the incidence of bleeding without increasing the risk of thromboembolic complications. © 2013.

  2. Modelling the impact of soil Carbonic Anhydrase on the net ecosystem exchange of OCS at Harvard forest using the MuSICA model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Launois, Thomas; Ogée, Jérôme; Commane, Roisin; Wehr, Rchard; Meredith, Laura; Munger, Bill; Nelson, David; Saleska, Scott; Wofsy, Steve; Zahniser, Mark; Wingate, Lisa

    2016-04-01

    The exchange of CO2 between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is driven by photosynthetic uptake and respiratory loss, two fluxes currently estimated with considerable uncertainty at large scales. Model predictions indicate that these biosphere fluxes will be modified in the future as CO2 concentrations and temperatures increase; however, it still unclear to what extent. To address this challenge there is a need for better constraints on land surface model parameterisations. Additional atmospheric tracers of large-scale CO2 fluxes have been identified as potential candidates for this task. In particular carbonyl sulphide (OCS) has been proposed as a complementary tracer of gross photosynthesis over land, since OCS uptake by plants is dominated by carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity, an enzyme abundant in leaves that catalyses CO2 hydration during photosynthesis. However, although the mass budget at the ecosystem is dominated by the flux of OCS into leaves, some OCS is also exchanged between the atmosphere and the soil and this component of the budget requires constraining. In this study, we adapted the process-based isotope-enabled model MuSICA (Multi-layer Simulator of the Interactions between a vegetation Canopy and the Atmosphere) to include the transport, reaction, diffusion and production of OCS within a forested ecosystem. This model was combined with 3 years (2011-2013) of in situ measurements of OCS atmospheric concentration profiles and fluxes at the Harvard Forest (Massachussets, USA) to test hypotheses on the mechanisms responsible for CA-driven uptake by leaves and soils as well as possible OCS emissions during litter decomposition. Model simulations over the three years captured well the impact of diurnally and seasonally varying environmental conditions on the net ecosystem OCS flux. A sensitivity analysis on soil CA activity and soil OCS emission rates was also performed to quantify their impact on the vertical profiles of OCS inside the

  3. Seasonal and inter-annual dynamics in the stable oxygen isotope compositions of water pools in a temperate humid grassland ecosystem: results from MIBA sampling and MuSICA modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirl, Regina; Schnyder, Hans; Auerswald, Karl; Vetter, Sylvia; Ostler, Ulrike; Schleip, Inga; Wingate, Lisa; Ogée, Jérôme

    2015-04-01

    The oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) of water in terrestrial ecosystems usually shows strong and dynamic variations within and between the various compartments. These variations originate from changes in the δ18O of water inputs (e.g. rain or water vapour) and from 18O fractionation phenomena in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Investigations of δ18O in ecosystem water pools and of their main drivers can help us understand water relations at plant, canopy or ecosystem scale and interpret δ18O signals in plant and animal tissues as paleo-climate proxies. During the vegetation periods of 2006 to 2012, soil, leaf and stem water as well as atmospheric humidity, rain water and groundwater were sampled at bi-weekly intervals in a temperate humid pasture of the Grünschwaige Grassland Research Station near Munich (Germany). The sampling was performed following standardised MIBA (Moisture Isotopes in the Biosphere and Atmosphere) protocols. Leaf water samples were prepared from a mixture of co-dominant species in the plant community in order to obtain a canopy-scale leaf water δ18O signal. All samples were then analysed for their δ18O compositions. The measured δ18O of leaf, stem and soil water were then compared with the δ18O signatures simulated by the process-based isotope-enabled ecosystem model MuSICA (Multi-layer Simulator of the Interactions between a vegetation Canopy and the Atmosphere). MuSICA integrates current mechanistic understanding of processes in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Hence, the comparison of modelled and measured data allows the identification of gaps in current knowledge and of questions to be tackled in the future. Soil and plant characteristics for model parameterisation were derived from investigations at the experimental site and supplemented by values from the literature. Eddy-covariance measurements of ecosystem CO2 (GPP, NEE) and energy (H, LE) fluxes and soil temperature data were used for model evaluation. The

  4. Musica e società, 2. Dal 1640 al 1830, a cura di Paolo Fabbri, Alessandro Roccatagliati e Paolo Russo; e volume 3. Dal 1830 al 2000, a cura di Virgilio Bernardoni e Paolo Fabbri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Della Seta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Musica e Storia is a project for a textbook, conceived and supervised by Paolo Fabbri. The second volume consists of six chapters and addresses the period between 1640, which marks the rise of public opera theatre, and 1830, when the Romantic sensibility had become established. The third volume spans the period from 1830 to today, and includes two parts, dedicated to the years before and after the watershed date of 1920. The first volume has already been examined by Dinko Fabris in this periodical (III, 2013, pp. 139-142.

  5. A guitarra dos séculos XVII e XVIII em seus aspectos técnicos e estilístico-históricos através da tradução comentada e análise do Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra española de Gaspar Sanz, 1697

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme de Camargo Barros Affonso

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho se ocupa da tradução comentada para o português do Instruccion de Musica sobre la Guitarra Espanõla, de Gaspar Sanz (1697), um dos mais importantes livros de repertório e de instruções de como tocar a guitarra de cinco ordens, que ora denominamos guitarra barroca. A tradução procura contextualizar o texto de Sanz, levando ao leitor, mesmo aquele não habituado à leitura dos tratados dos séculos XVII e XVIII, subsídios que lhe permitam compreender o texto e tirar utilidade prática...

  6. Corteggiamento e musica: un approccio evolutivo

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    Danae Crocchiola

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Courtship and Music: An Evolutionary Approach – The pervasive presence of music in human life from its embryonic stages onwards helps to explain, in part, the importance attributed to it as the soundtrack for our emotional experiences. We may assume humans have an inborn musical grammatical code, i.e. a possible evolutionary biological advantage, which would explain a listener’s ability to complete, with the “right” notes, a melody never heard before. The question is whether it might also be possible to identify a shared positive hedonistic tone, corresponding to the same musical stimulus? The propagation of the ability to create music across generations, an ability which can be considered an attempt to penetrate the private theatre of other minds by regulating their most intimate emotions, appears to be expensive, biologically speaking, and to directly result from the action of sexual rather than natural selection. Its production requires, in fact, time and deployment of energy and resources, and apparently does not produce any kind of benefit in avoiding predation or obtaining nourishment. Also, testosterone has been shown to be the main factor in determining the development of those brain regions which modulate the melodic singing in the males of some bird species. Finally, assuming that testosterone, as an index of high genotypic and phenotypic quality, facilitates the functionality of the right brain hemisphere, i.e. the source of musical harmonies, we might expect a corresponding development in the female of a highly tuned/developed ability to identify any element indicative of its presence in a potential partner.

  7. LA MUSICA EN EL TRABAJO DE PARTO

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz P.,Sandra; Pirovich B.,Hugo; Peña T.,Eloísa

    2003-01-01

    Este trabajo es una propuesta de apoyo al Parto Natural en el convencimiento que la parturienta que inicia relajada su Trabajo de Parto y en un lugar con ambiente sonoro controlado, íntimo, silencio y privado, necesariamente tendría un parto natural. Se aplica la Música Barroca durante la Fase latente del trabajo de parto ya que por sus nobles virtudes estéticas -auditivas y sus características técnicas- musicales, media en la relajación y bienestar de la parturienta. Se privilegia el silenci...

  8. Musica e Weltanschauung. Opera musicale, filosofia, cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Martinelli

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Can music express the world-view (Weltanschauung of a certain composer, or of a certain historical era – and how? In 19th Century, the wide-ranging philosophical implications of this question raised an intriguing quarrel between the formalists’ scepticism as to this point and their various opponents. Starting from the case study of the German psychologist and philosopher of music Georg Anschütz (1886-1953, it is argued that allowing for a systematic link of music and the world-views easily turns into the far more demanding (and occasionally ambiguous claim that music is the best and perhaps the only way to express them properly. In turn, this attitude sits well with the tendency to think of music hearing as a disembodied process, hinting at the deep dimension of synesthesia rather than to that of music as a cultural phenomenon, in Erich Hornbostel’s sense.

  9. Eduquemos con Musica (Let's Educate with Music).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiva, Raquel Ojeda

    This elementary and preschool music textbook is designed to reflect Latin America and Caribbean Island cultures and to be useful in both school classrooms and in teacher training courses. Short, easy to learn songs, illustrated pages, and 10 musical games are combined to teach musical forms, rhythm, auditory discrimination, language usage, motor…

  10. Creatio in musica - Creation in Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2007-01-01

    Book abstract  The meaning of the noun 'creation', and the verb 'to create', range from the traditional theological idea of God creating ex nihilo to a more recent sense of the process of artistic conception. This collection of thirteen essays, written by scholars of music, literature, the visual...

  11. Musica, suoni e gentrificazione della nuova Berlino

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    Barbara Grüning

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Berlinized Sexy and Eis è il nome di un cocktail, inventato in uno dei tanti locali sorti provvisoriamente a Berlino est all’alba della caduta del muro, i cui ingredienti cambiavano con la stessa facilità con cui, in assenza di una giurisdizione certa nella transizione dalla Repubblica democratica tedesca (DDR alla Repubblica federale, i locali cambiavano location, occupando gli spazi vuoti dell’ex-confine, gli edifici del centro mai restaurati dalla seconda guerra mondiale e le fabbriche dismesse della DDR (Vogt 2005.

  12. Creatio in musica - Creation in Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2007-01-01

    Book abstract  The meaning of the noun 'creation', and the verb 'to create', range from the traditional theological idea of God creating ex nihilo to a more recent sense of the process of artistic conception. This collection of thirteen essays, written by scholars of music, literature, the visual...

  13. Eduquemos con Musica (Let's Educate with Music).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiva, Raquel Ojeda

    This elementary and preschool music textbook is designed to reflect Latin America and Caribbean Island cultures and to be useful in both school classrooms and in teacher training courses. Short, easy to learn songs, illustrated pages, and 10 musical games are combined to teach musical forms, rhythm, auditory discrimination, language usage, motor…

  14. I documenti sonori della musica elettronica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvise Vidolin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Sound documents of electronic music After a short introduction about the history of sound memory the transformations that were introduced by the birth of sound documents, which were brought also in society, especially within the electroacustic music repertoire, are described with a particular attention to the interaction of acoustical and electronic instruments, and therefore to the performance aspect. The magnetic tape is the object of work for the composer and for the performer. The study of the case that we are considering right now concerns the retrieval and restoration of tapes to set up a performance, such as A floresta è jovem e Cheja de vida by Luigi Nono, stored partly by the Editor Brand Ricordi in Milan and at the Luigi Nono Archive in Venice.

  15. Ragioni e vantaggi del classificare la musica

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    Filippo Focosi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The contemporary music scene, imbued with stylistic contaminations, is dominated by the idea that the differentiation between musical genres no longer makes sense: the only legitimate distinction should be between good and bad music. Yet, the so mistreated labels that separate classical music from jazz and pop are still in use, both in critical discourse and in the organization of musical life, individual and collective. In the attempt to solve this apparent paradox, which closely resembles the paradox of taste that animated the philosophical debate in Britain in the eighteenth century, the essay points out the advantages (as well as the limitations inherent to the genre conventions, also relating them to postmodern musical culture.

  16. A fuzzy-logic tool for multi-criteria decision making in fisheries: the case of the South African pelagic fishery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paterson, B.; Jarre, Astrid; Moloney, C.L.

    2007-01-01

    The present study presents an electronic decision-support tool that uses a fuzzy-logic model of expert knowledge to assist in multi-criteria decision-making in the context of an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF). The prototype model integrates the multiple goals and objectives related...... to the evaluation of the ecosystem performance of the South African sardine Sardinops sagax fishery into a NetWeaver knowledge base and provides intuitive visual outputs to communicate results to managers and stakeholders. The software tool was developed in a consultative process with key experts and follows...... on expert opinion. Results show that the model is robust and conservative. The strength of the approach lies in the ability to include variables that are difficult to measure. It provides a means of rendering value judgements explicit and transparent. The tool synthesises a large amount of information...

  17. O lúdico e o desenvolvimento infantil: um enfoque na música e no cuidado de enfermagem El ludico y el desarrollo del niño: un enfoque en la musica y en la atención de enfermería The ludicrous and child development: an approach in music and in nursing care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Xavier Ravelli

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O mundo imaginário é importante para a compreensão e inserção da criança no mundo que a cerca. Sendo assim, o cuidado de enfermagem lúdico surge, assegurando um cuidado integral e cuidadoso, onde jogos, brincadeiras, cantos e danças estão presentes, para subsidiar o cuidado. Destaca-se a música e toda sua sonoridade envolvente e instrutiva, estando sua musicalidade inserida em nosso meio. A criança se constrói como ser ao interagir com o outro e o mundo, sendo o brincar necessário ao seu crescimento e desenvolvimento.El mundo imaginário es muy importante a la compreensión y inserción del niño en el mundo alderredor. Con eso, el cuidar ludico en enfermería emerge, garantindo el cuidar cauteloso, donde los juegos, cantos y las danzas estan presentes con este cuidar. Salientase la musica y su sonoridad envolvente, estando su musicalidad en nuestro medio. El niño se hace un ser al tener interación con los otros, mientras el juego se hace necesario a su crecimiento y desarrollo.The imaginary world is important for the comprehension and insertion of the child in her surrounding world. Being this way, the ludicrous nursing care arises, assuring an integral and careful asssitance, where games, plays, songs, and dances are present to subsidize the care. Music and all its involving and instructing sonority must be highlighted, being its musicality inserted in her environment. The child establishes herself as to be for to interact with other and the world, being the playing necessary for her growth and development.

  18. Individualized music--a different approach to the restraint issue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janelli, Linda M; Kanski, Genevieve W; Wu, Yow-Wu Bill

    2002-01-01

    Rehabilitation nurses who work with geriatric patients are concerned about reliance on physical restraints, as are all nurses. Controversy exists as to the benefits and risks, as well as the ethical and legal consequences, of their use. Nurses are ambivalent about using restraints, believing that they affect patients' freedom, self-respect, and self-reliance; they also often believe that there are no appropriate alternatives. This pilot study explored the use of music as a potential alternative to using physical restraints with hospitalized patients. The research question was: Will patients have more positive behaviors, as measured by the Restraint Music Response Instrument (RMRI), while out of restraints and listening to preferred music compared with the patients not listening to music who are out of restraints while being observed? Forty medical-surgical patients participated in the study and were randomized into either the experimental group (music) or the control group (no music). The mean age of the 21 males and 19 females was 76.6 years (range 56-94). A t test for equality of means was used to determine if there were differences in the number of positive and negative behaviors in the preintervention, intervention, and postintervention phases between the two groups. There was a significant difference (p < .01) in behaviors during the intervention phase. Patients who listened to preferred music had more positive behaviors while out of restraints than patients who were out of restraints but not exposed to music.

  19. La musica y otras artes: una revision historica

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    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio bibliográfico buscó revisitar a las dos concepciones del Arte – pedagógica y reflexiva -, forjadas a lo largo de la Historia y su relación con el pensamiento estético brasilero de resistencia. A partir de la década de los 60, tal pensamiento atribuyo una fidelidad pedagogía al Arte, insertando la tarea de critica social y política de participación emancipatoria humana: en este escenario se destacó el Teatro del Oprimido, el Cine Nuevo y la música de protesta de Chico Buarque, Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil y Milton Nascimento, entre otros. Abstract This study sought to revisit the two conceptions of art - and reflective teaching - forged over history and his relationship with Brazilian aesthetic thought of resistance. From the 60's, such thinking pedagogy attribute fidelity to art, inserting the critical task of social and human emancipatory politics of participation: In this scenario highlighted the Theatre of the Oppressed, the New Movies and music of protest Chico Buarque, Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil and Milton Nascimento, among others.

  20. The Ptolemaen Musica. Introduction, Russian translation and notes

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    Lyudmila V. Alexandrova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An often neglected small treatise, conventionally entitled The Ptolemaean ‘Musica’ (apparently dated to the Late Antiquity, is translated into the Russian for the first time. The work is a compilation of various sources, which include the Aristoxenian rhythmics, the Neopythagorean numerology and harmonics as well as the Ptolemaean geocentric astrology. According to its author the planetary cycles in their unity are closely related to the musical proportions. This approach further allows correlating the planetary rhythms with the musical rhythmics.

  1. Sistemi e autopoiesi nella musica elettronica su nastro magnetico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Cossettini

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With the development of sound production and processing technologies, composers' private rooms stopped delimiting the boundaries of musical creativity, which started inhabiting recording studios instead. Here memory, traditionally entrusted to paper and to the silence of the musical text, met a technology that enabled to record sounds directly, thus achieving the acoustic fulfilment of the composer's thought. The crystalline abstraction of musical notation gave way to a world of sounds submerged in noise as well as in human and technological indeterminacy: it is a world that requires specific control strategies and direct confrontation with performance practices and listening within a complex system. Composers were tossed into this system, becoming performers and active observers of their own work. Thus, the linearity of Shannon’s model of communication was altered. In his works on musical semiology, Jean-Jacques Nattiez had already modified the model from Sender -> Message -> Receiver to Poietic dimension -> Trace <- Esthesic dimension. The rise of the composer as an active observer requires a new transformation of the model of communication, creating a continuous feedback between the different elements. This feedback will often involve the listener as well. The electronic music work can therefore be seen as a self-organizing system that includes in itself the electronic devices as well as the human factor that operates them. In this system, compositional models are the invariants that vouch for the identity and recognisability of the work.

  2. Cantacronache 1958-1962. Politica e protesta in musica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Ferrari

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 50s the italian band from Turin, named Cantacronache, created social and political songs, so contributing to the birth of a new musical genre in Italy. The founders Michele Luciano Straniero, Sergio Liberovici, Emilio Jona, Fausto Amodei, Margherita Galante Garrone, were joined from the collaboration of writers and poets like Mario Pogliotti, Franco Fortini, Italo Calvino, Umberto Eco, Gianni Rodari. The name of the group reveals its vocation: telling reality, writing songs about news facts in order to give them back to collective memory. Among the covered themes: italian news, Resistence, the research of social and political songs of the past or the recovery of the popular music heritage.

  3. La musica nella scuola: una prospettiva pedagogica globale

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    Maria Teresa Moscato

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the use of music in education in a general pedagogical perspective. The Author begins with a very famous quotation from Plato’s Protagora about the effect of music on the harmonious development of young children’s attitudes and habits, and on shaping their minds. In the Author’s opinion, the loss of consideration of music teaching in school is nowadays due to its representation (in both parents’, teachers’ and pupils’ minds as “a play”, or as a specific profession, ignoring its essential function of intellectual and emotional balance; an achievement that young people could obtain through musical education. Besides, music is also a part of our cultural heritage that creates and consolidates social bonds. Lastly the paper deals with some methodological aspects and problems that teachers face in concrete didactic school setting.

  4. An Empty Donut Hole: the Great Collapse of a North American Fishery

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    Kevin M. Bailey

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma is North America's most abundant and lucrative natural fishery, and is the world's largest fishery for human food. The little-known demise of the "Donut Hole" stock of pollock in the Aleutian Basin of the central Bering Sea during the 1980s is the most spectacular fishery collapse in North American history, dwarfing the famous crashes of the northern cod and Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax. This collapse has received scant recognition and became evident only in 1993 when fishing was banned by an international moratorium; nearly 20 years later it has not recovered. The history of fishing in the North Pacific Ocean after World War II offers some insights into how the Donut Hole pollock fishery developed, and the societal and economic pressures behind it that so influenced the stock's fate. Overfishing was, without a doubt, the greatest contributor to the collapse of the Aleutian Basin pollock fishery, but a lack of knowledge about population biocomplexity added to the confusion of how to best manage the harvest. Unfortunately, the big scientific questions regarding the relationship of Donut Hole fish to other stocks are still unanswered.

  5. Fish larvae retention linked to abrupt bathymetry at Mejillones Bay (northern Chile during coastal upwelling events

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    Pablo M Rojas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The influence of oceanic circulation and bathymetry on the fish larvae retention inside Mejillones Bay, northern Chile, was examined. Fish larvae were collected during two coastal upwelling events in November 1999 and January 2000. An elevated fish larvae accumulation was found near an oceanic front and a zone of low-speed currents. Three groups of fish larvae were identified: the coastal species (Engraulis ringens and Sardinops sagax, associated with high chlorophyll-a levels; larvae from the families Phosichthyidae (Vinciguerria lucetia and Myctophidae (Diogenichthys laternatus and Triphoturus oculeus, associated with the thermocline (12°C, and finally, larvae of the families Myctophidae (Diogenichthys atlanticus and Bathylagidae (Bathylagus nigrigenys, associated with high values of temperature and salinity. The presence of a seamount and submarine canyon inside Mejillones Bay appears to play an important role in the circulation during seasonal upwelling events. We propose a conceptual model of circulation and particles retention into Mejillones Bay. The assumption is that during strong upwelling conditions the flows that move along the canyon emerge in the centre of Mejillones Bay, producing a fish larvae retention zone. Understanding the biophysical interactions responsible to trap and/or concentrate particles is essential to protect these fragile upwelling ecosystems.

  6. A WELL PRESERVED SKELETON OF THE FOSSIL SHARK COSMOPOLITODUS HASTALIS FROM THE LATE MIOCENE OF PERU, FEATURING FISH REMAINS AS FOSSILIZED STOMACH CONTENTS

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    ALBERTO COLLARETA

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Both the preservation of the poorly mineralized skeleton of sharks and the preservation of stomach contents are rarely observed in the fossil record. Here we report on a partial skeleton of a lamniform shark, including portions of the visceral arches and the anterior segment of the vertebral column, collected from the late Miocene beds of the Pisco Formation exposed at Cerro Yesera (Ica Desert, South Peru. Based on the morphology of the preserved teeth, this specimen was determined as a juvenile of the extinct lamnid species Cosmopolitodus hastalis. The shark skeleton includes remains of fish (featuring a pilchard determined as Sardinops sp. cf. S. sagax in the abdominal region. These fish remains are interpreted herein as the fossilized stomach contents of the shark. For the first time, piscivory is demonstrated in a juvenile individual of Cosmopolitodus hastalis. This result is consistent with the current knowledge about the feeding habits of immature individuals of extant lamniform shark species (including Carcharodon carcharias and Isurus oxyrinchus. Our report further outlines the fundamental role of schooling pilchards in the late Miocene trophic chains of the highly productive coastal waters off present South Peru. Moreover, the find of this well preserved shark skeleton strengthens the qualification of the Pisco Formation as a Fossil-Lagerstätte, and emphasizes the role of early mineralization processes in cases of exceptional preservation.

  7. Macro-Scale Patterns in Upwelling/Downwelling Activity at North American West Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldívar-Lucio, Romeo; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Nakamura, Miguel; Villalobos, Héctor; Lluch-Cota, Daniel; Del Monte-Luna, Pablo

    2016-01-01

    The seasonal and interannual variability of vertical transport (upwelling/downwelling) has been relatively well studied, mainly for the California Current System, including low-frequency changes and latitudinal heterogeneity. The aim of this work was to identify potentially predictable patterns in upwelling/downwelling activity along the North American west coast and discuss their plausible mechanisms. To this purpose we applied the min/max Autocorrelation Factor technique and time series analysis. We found that spatial co-variation of seawater vertical movements present three dominant low-frequency signals in the range of 33, 19 and 11 years, resembling periodicities of: atmospheric circulation, nodal moon tides and solar activity. Those periodicities might be related to the variability of vertical transport through their influence on dominant wind patterns, the position/intensity of pressure centers and the strength of atmospheric circulation cells (wind stress). The low-frequency signals identified in upwelling/downwelling are coherent with temporal patterns previously reported at the study region: sea surface temperature along the Pacific coast of North America, catch fluctuations of anchovy Engraulis mordax and sardine Sardinops sagax, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, changes in abundance and distribution of salmon populations, and variations in the position and intensity of the Aleutian low. Since the vertical transport is an oceanographic process with strong biological relevance, the recognition of their spatio-temporal patterns might allow for some reasonable forecasting capacity, potentially useful for marine resources management of the region. PMID:27893826

  8. Molecular epidemiology of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) in British Columbia, Canada, reveals transmission from wild to farmed fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garver, Kyle A; Traxler, Garth S; Hawley, Laura M; Richard, Jon; Ross, Jay P; Lovy, Jan

    2013-05-27

    Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) is a fish pathogen found throughout the Northern Hemisphere and is capable of infecting and causing mortality in numerous marine and freshwater hosts. In the coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada, the virus has been detected for 20 yr with many occurrences of mass mortalities among populations of Pacific herring Clupea pallasii (Valenciennes) and sardine Sardinops sagax as well as detections among cultured Atlantic Salmo salar and Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha salmon. We compared nucleotide sequence of the full glycoprotein (G) gene coding region (1524 nt) of 63 VHSV isolates sampled during its recorded presence from 1993 to 2011 from 6 species and a total of 29 sites. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all isolates fell into sub-lineage IVa within the major VHSV genetic group IV. Of the 63 virus isolates, there were 42 unique sequences, each of which was ephemeral, being repeatedly detected at most only 1 yr after its initial detection. Multiple sequence types were revealed during single viral outbreak events, and genetic heterogeneity was observed within isolates from individual fish. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis revealed a close genetic linkage between VHSV isolates obtained from pelagic finfish species and farmed salmonids, providing evidence for virus transmission from wild to farmed fish.

  9. No deep diving: evidence of predation on epipelagic fish for a stem beaked whale from the Late Miocene of Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Olivier; Collareta, Alberto; Landini, Walter; Post, Klaas; Ramassamy, Benjamin; Di Celma, Claudio; Urbina, Mario; Bianucci, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    Although modern beaked whales (Ziphiidae) are known to be highly specialized toothed whales that predominantly feed at great depths upon benthic and benthopelagic prey, only limited palaeontological data document this major ecological shift. We report on a ziphiid–fish assemblage from the Late Miocene of Peru that we interpret as the first direct evidence of a predator–prey relationship between a ziphiid and epipelagic fish. Preserved in a dolomite concretion, a skeleton of the stem ziphiid Messapicetus gregarius was discovered together with numerous skeletons of a clupeiform fish closely related to the epipelagic extant Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax). Based on the position of fish individuals along the head and chest regions of the ziphiid, the lack of digestion marks on fish remains and the homogeneous size of individuals, we propose that this assemblage results from the death of the whale (possibly via toxin poisoning) shortly after the capture of prey from a single school. Together with morphological data and the frequent discovery of fossil crown ziphiids in deep-sea deposits, this exceptional record supports the hypothesis that only more derived ziphiids were regular deep divers and that the extinction of epipelagic forms may coincide with the radiation of true dolphins. PMID:26354940

  10. Metals and metalloids in Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) prey, blood and faeces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Annett; Lavers, Jennifer L; Dann, Peter; Kowalczyk, Nicole D; Scarpaci, Carol; Nugegoda, Dayanthi; Orbell, John D

    2017-04-01

    Piscivorous species like the Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) are particularly at risk of being negatively impacted by pollution due to their heightened exposure through aquatic food chains. Therefore, determining the concentration of heavy metals in the fish prey of seabirds is an essential component of assessing such risk. In this study, we report on arsenic, cadmium, mercury, lead and selenium concentrations in three fish species, which are known to comprise a substantial part of the diet of Little Penguins at the urban colony of St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia. Metal concentrations in the fish sampled were generally within the expected limits, however, arsenic and mercury were higher than reported elsewhere. Anchovy (Engraulis australis) and sandy sprat (Hyperlophus vittatus) contained higher Hg concentrations than pilchard (Sardinops sagax), while sandy sprat and pilchard contained more selenium. We present these findings together with metal concentrations in Little Penguin blood and faeces, sampled within weeks of the fish collection. Mercury concentrations were highest in the blood, while faeces and fish prey species contained similar concentrations of arsenic and lead, suggesting faeces as a primary route of detoxification for these elements. We also investigated paired blood - faecal samples and found a correlation for selenium only. Preliminary data from stable isotope ratios in penguin blood indicate that changes in penguin blood mercury concentrations cannot be explained by trophic changes in their diet alone, suggesting a variation of bioavailable Hg within this semi-enclosed bay.

  11. A recent increase of swift terns Thalasseus bergii off South Africa - The possible influence of an altered abundance and distribution of prey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Robert J. M.

    2009-12-01

    In the 2000s, there were large increases in the numbers of swift terns Thalasseus bergii breeding in the Western and Eastern Cape Provinces of South Africa, which are most plausibly attributed to good recruitment and to an increase in the proportion of mature birds breeding. Numbers increased coincidentally with a greatly increased abundance of two of the main prey species of swift terns, sardine Sardinops sagax and anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus, and remained high as these resources decreased. After 2005, numbers of swift terns breeding in the north and central portions of the Western Cape decreased, whereas numbers breeding farther south in that province increased. This followed displacements to the south and east of sardine and anchovy. In southern Africa, swift terns show low fidelity to breeding localities, which enables a rapid adjustment of the location of breeding to an altered availability of prey. For two seabirds that feed mainly on sardine and anchovy, but once breeding show high fidelity to colonies, African penguin Spheniscus demersus and Cape gannet Morus capensis, proportions breeding in the south and east also increased, but there were substantial decreases in overall numbers breeding in the Western Cape.

  12. Composition, abundance, distribution and seasonality of larval fishes in the shallow nearshore of the proposed Greater Addo Marine Reserve, Algoa Bay, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattrick, Paula; Strydom, Nadine A.

    2008-08-01

    The larval fish assemblage was investigated in the shallow, nearshore region of a proposed marine protected area in eastern Algoa Bay, temperate South Africa, prior to proclamation. Sampling was conducted at six sites along two different depth contours at ˜5 m and ˜15 m to assess shore association. Larvae were collected by means of stepped oblique bongo net tows deployed off a ski-boat, twice per season for 2 years between 2005 and 2007. In total, 6045 larval fishes were collected representing 32 families and 78 species. The Gobiidae, Cynoglossidae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae and Sparidae were the dominant fish families. Catches varied significantly among seasons peaking in spring with a mean of ˜200 larvae/100 m 3. Mean overall larval density was higher along the deeper contour, at ˜15 m (40 larvae/100 m 3). The preflexion stage of development dominated catches at the ˜5 m (80%) and ˜15 m (73%) depth contours. Body lengths of Argyrosomus thorpei, Caffrogobius gilchristi, Diplodus capensis, Heteromycteris capensis and Solea turbynei, all estuary associated species, were larger at the shallow sites nearer to shore. Larvae of coastal species that produce benthic eggs dominated catches (75%) in the shallow sites (˜5 m) but were less abundant (32%) farther from shore at the deeper (˜15 m) sites. All developmental stages of D. capensis, Engraulis capensis, H. capensis, Sardinops sagax and two Pomadasys species were found in the study area. It appears that some species use the shallow nearshore as a nursery area.

  13. Influence of ocean winds on the pelagic ecosystem in upwelling regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rykaczewski, Ryan R; Checkley, David M

    2008-02-12

    Upwelling of nutrient-rich, subsurface water sustains high productivity in the ocean's eastern boundary currents. These ecosystems support a rate of fish harvest nearly 100 times the global mean and account for >20% of the world's marine fish catch. Environmental variability is thought to be the major cause of the decadal-scale biomass fluctuations characteristic of fish populations in these regions, but the mechanisms relating atmospheric physics to fish production remain unexplained. Two atmospheric conditions induce different types of upwelling in these ecosystems: coastal, alongshore wind stress, resulting in rapid upwelling (with high vertical velocity, w); and wind-stress curl, resulting in slower upwelling (low w). We show that the level of wind-stress curl has increased and that production of Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) varies with wind-stress curl over the past six decades. The extent of isopycnal shoaling, nutricline depth, and chlorophyll concentration in the upper ocean also correlate positively with wind-stress curl. The size structure of plankton assemblages is related to the rate of wind-forced upwelling, and sardine feed efficiently on small plankters generated by slow upwelling. Upwelling rate is a fundamental determinant of the biological structure and production in coastal pelagic ecosystems, and future changes in the magnitude and spatial gradient of wind stress may have important and differing effects on these ecosystems. Understanding of the biological mechanisms relating fisheries production to environmental variability is essential for wise management of marine resources under a changing climate.

  14. La musica per film al Convegno Internazionale dei Centri Sperimentali di Musica Elettronica di Firenze del 1968: alcuni segnali provenienti dall’Est

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    Roberto Calabretto

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The International Conference of the Experimental Centres of Electronic Music was held in Florence from 9 to 14 July 1968, during the XXXI Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, thanks to Pietro Grossi’s effort. Many musicians and researchers attended, coming from different European nations. Among them were Ivan Stadtrucker (Bratislava Television Experimental Studio, who illustrated the use of electronic musical devices in film practice, and Evgenij A. Murzin (Moscow Studio, who presented the ANS synthesizer – a device made by 720 oscillators that covered a range of seven octaves and that was used also by Andrej Tarkovskij in Solaris. The essay deals with these two presentations relating them to the universe of European film music in the second half of the 20th century.

  15. Coupling between the environment and the pelagic resources exploited off northern Chile: ecosystem indicators and a conceptual model Acoplamiento entre el ambiente y los recursos pelágicos explotados en el norte de Chile: un modelo conceptual

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    Eleuterio Yáñez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The eastern boundary of the Chile-Peru Current System constitutes one of the most biologically productive ecosystems in the world, due largely to coastal upwelling and the horizontal advection of nutrients. In this ecosystem, El Niño events are of great importance in the interannual variability of the environment. A change was observed in the environmental regime at the beginning of the 1970s with the onset of the 1972-1973 El Niño, marking an important decrease in the anchovy fishery (Engraulis ringens. After the mid-1970s, sardine (Sardinops sagax landings increased noticeably. A second regime shift at the end of the 1980s was seen mostly in the noticeable recovery of anchovy and the decline of sardine. Herein, we present an integrated conceptual model of the different local and large-scale phenomena that affect the marine environment off northern Chile and the distribution and abundance of pelagic resources. The model considers an analysis of environmental and bio-fishery data on different scales and describes how the interdecadal (associated with re-gime shifts and interannual (associated with El Niño events fluctuations in the Equatorial Pacific are mani-fested in the eastern South Pacific and, therefore, in the northern zone off Chile, affecting the annual eyele, the dynamic of the coastal trapped waves, and coastal upwelling. In this framework, interdecadal fluctuations play an important role in the anchovy-sardine-anchovy replacement sequence.El borde oriental del Sistema de Corrientes de Chile-Perú constituye uno de los ecosistemas de mayor productividad biológica del mundo, debido principalmente a la surgencia costera y advección horizontal de nutrientes. En este ecosistema, los eventos El Niño son de mayor importancia en la variabilidad interanual del ambiente. No obstante, un cambio de régimen ambiental es observado a inicio de los 70's el que hubiera comenzado con El Niño 1972-73 y que marca la gran disminución de la

  16. MUSICA POPULAR BRASILEIRA, POLÍTICA E UTOPIA EM CHICO BUARQUE

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Dias Cavalcanti, Luciano

    2016-01-01

    Este ensaio busca verificar como Chico Buarque enfatiza em suas composições a política e a utopia e como também, este grande compositor da Música Popular Brasileira (MPB), utiliza o lírico para elaborar suas canções.

  17. Defining the spectral and amplitude domain of music---a window into audio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Myoung W.

    In terms of 'visualizing music', this thesis presents the first critical measurements for the selected musical instruments (piano, violin, cello, flute, piccolo, drums, double bass, electric bass, and electric guitar) seeking to describe their place in the spectral and amplitude domain. All data presented as a part of this research were measured with Z-weighting (un-weighted) from 12.5Hz to 20kHz along the frequency axis, in 1/3 octave bands, evaluated statistically and in equivalent sound level. Measuring musical performances can be a very subjective process. Therefore, this research proceeded under some strategically chosen conditions and limitations. The measurements were made with each musician playing at several different intensities of musical performance. Chosen musical genres were classical, pop and jazz for the selected musical instruments. To obtain data representative of real world conditions, musical instrument measurements were made mostly in professional recording studios by professional players. The results seek to define the spectral and amplitude domain occupied by these instruments when playing typical works.

  18. Oltre la musica: il caso degli aborigen australiani. Un esempio di applicazione del sapera etnomusicologico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracia P. Tuzi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto presenta una reflexión teórica sobre las posibilidades de aplicación del saber etnomusicologico. A partir de un examen meticuloso de algunas de las más recientes teorías relativas a los distintos ámbitos de aplicación de la disciplina, el artículo analiza un ejemplo concreto de etnomusicología aplicada en el cual se ve al investigador como posible “defensor” de derechos negados y se considera el “retorno del saber producido” en la comunidad misma como uno de los principales objetivos del trabajo de investigación. En el texto se examina la cuestión relacionada con the land rights y la reivindicación, por parte de los aborígenes australianos, de sus propias tierras.  Examinar los procesos de identificación y restitución de los derechos de propiedad a los aborígenes significa analizar el papel que cumple la música dentro de tales procesos. De hecho, los cantos se utilizan como prueba directa de la relación que existe entre los clanes y sus tierras, representando la prueba evidente de su derecho de propiedad sobre éstas.Palabras Clave: etnomusicología aplicada, identidad, aborígenes australianos, land rights._____________________Abstract:The text offers a theoretical reflexion on the possible applications of ethnomusicological knowledge. After a short review of some of the most recent theories on different domains of application of the discipline, the article analyzes a concrete example of applied ethnomusicology in which the author acts as eventual “defender” of denied rights and considers the “return of the knowledge produced” in the same community one of the main objectives of the research work. The text examines the question of “land rights” and the request of the restitution of their lands from Australian aborigines. For the character of definite proof offered by the music in the legal trial, the Australian case represents a unique example and therefore revealing of possible applications of ethnomusicological knowledge.Keywords: applied ethnomusicology, identity, australian natives, land rights

  19. Oltre la musica: il caso degli aborigen australiani. Un esempio di applicazione del sapera etnomusicologico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracia P. Tuzi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto presenta una reflexión teórica sobre las posibilidades de aplicación del saber etnomusicologico. A partir de un examen meticuloso de algunas de las más recientes teorías relativas a los distintos ámbitos de aplicación de la disciplina, el artículo analiza un ejemplo concreto de etnomusicología aplicada en el cual se ve al investigador como posible “defensor” de derechos negados y se considera el “retorno del saber producido” en la comunidad misma como uno de los principales objetivos del trabajo de investigación. En el texto se examina la cuestión relacionada con the land rights y la reivindicación, por parte de los aborígenes australianos, de sus propias tierras.  Examinar los procesos de identificación y restitución de los derechos de propiedad a los aborígenes significa analizar el papel que cumple la música dentro de tales procesos. De hecho, los cantos se utilizan como prueba directa de la relación que existe entre los clanes y sus tierras, representando la prueba evidente de su derecho de propiedad sobre éstas.Palabras Clave: etnomusicología aplicada, identidad, aborígenes australianos, land rights._____________________Abstract:The text offers a theoretical reflexion on the possible applications of ethnomusicological knowledge. After a short review of some of the most recent theories on different domains of application of the discipline, the article analyzes a concrete example of applied ethnomusicology in which the author acts as eventual “defender” of denied rights and considers the “return of the knowledge produced” in the same community one of the main objectives of the research work. The text examines the question of “land rights” and the request of the restitution of their lands from Australian aborigines. For the character of definite proof offered by the music in the legal trial, the Australian case represents a unique example and therefore revealing of possible applications of ethnomusicological knowledge.Keywords: applied ethnomusicology, identity, australian natives, land rights

  20. Terza partita. La musica nell’età della tecnica – un madrigale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Buso

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available in the electroacoustic music field the writing grow weak; the action, the listening, the body memory come out; the writing become theatrical action in the collaborative live coding praxis over network: the technological action reveal itself like the root of language, of thought, of culture, like the essence of man, where history accomplish.

  1. Tecniche di sincronizzazione nella musica per film di Angelo Francesco Lavagnino: una prospettiva musicologica

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    Alessandro Cecchi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Music composition in Italian film production of the 1950s demanded high levels of ‘performance’: composers had to keep to tight schedules, the whole process of scoring, recording and synchronizing taking approximately 4-6 weeks. A. F. Lavagnino developed special techniques aimed at speeding up and increasing the efficiency of his film scores. Drawing on archival music sources, I focus on Lavagnino’s synchronization techniques by discussing his approach to sync points. I focus on his score for the mainstream film The Naked Maja (H. Koster 1958, and on some sequences that were affected by production changes soliciting the composer for readjustments. The comparison with the working process in Othello (O. Welles 1952 allows me to pinpoint significant traits of the evolution in Lavagnino’s approach to film throughout the 1950s.

  2. Musica non grata? Musical motifs and images in the Book of Isaiah

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    Grzegorz Kubies

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article I interpret musical motifs and images in the Book of Isaiah. The main musicological part of the text precede comments on biblical prophecy, symbolic acts (among them acts connected with music and Isaiah, the prophet living in the VIII century BC. The research material – eleven passages where musical instruments are mentioned (ḥālîl, šōpār, tōp, kinnôr, nēbel, has been divided into three groups. In the first one (2 passages I discuss the topos of shofar as the signalling tool, in the second (6 passages I undertake research into ancient music performance practice. In the last group I examine three passages where musical instruments form parts of the simile, a figure of speech. All musical motifs and images are presented in broad biblical, theological and cultural contexts. Although the music in the Book of Isaiah is linked with drunkenness (Isaiah 5, 12, 24, 10, prostitution (Isaiah 23, 16, associated with the hostile powers (Isaiah 14,  1, 30, 32, it „sounds” ad maiorem Dei gloriam (Isaiah 30, 29, 38, 20, it is not unwanted art (non grata. The negative image of the music can not be associated with the shofar (Isaiah 18: 3, 27, 13, 58, 1.

  3. L'importanza dell'educazione musicale: risvolti pedagogici del fare bene musica insieme

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    Daniele Branca

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Due to the limitations and the secular stagnation of traditional Musical Education, as well as the systematic neglect of Music in the Italian school, the article quotes scholars and summarizes the most advanced theories of the twentieth century, and traces the borders of today's trial. This reveals that the important educational implications of making music together are: socialization, independence, creativity, identity, complexity. The music, far from being just technical practice, is configured as a universal tool of choice for an integrated learning.

  4. Creative Activities in Music--A Genome-Wide Linkage Analysis.

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    Jaana Oikkonen

    Full Text Available Creative activities in music represent a complex cognitive function of the human brain, whose biological basis is largely unknown. In order to elucidate the biological background of creative activities in music we performed genome-wide linkage and linkage disequilibrium (LD scans in musically experienced individuals characterised for self-reported composing, arranging and non-music related creativity. The participants consisted of 474 individuals from 79 families, and 103 sporadic individuals. We found promising evidence for linkage at 16p12.1-q12.1 for arranging (LOD 2.75, 120 cases, 4q22.1 for composing (LOD 2.15, 103 cases and Xp11.23 for non-music related creativity (LOD 2.50, 259 cases. Surprisingly, statistically significant evidence for linkage was found for the opposite phenotype of creative activity in music (neither composing nor arranging; NCNA at 18q21 (LOD 3.09, 149 cases, which contains cadherin genes like CDH7 and CDH19. The locus at 4q22.1 overlaps the previously identified region of musical aptitude, music perception and performance giving further support for this region as a candidate region for broad range of music-related traits. The other regions at 18q21 and 16p12.1-q12.1 are also adjacent to the previously identified loci with musical aptitude. Pathway analysis of the genes suggestively associated with composing suggested an overrepresentation of the cerebellar long-term depression pathway (LTD, which is a cellular model for synaptic plasticity. The LTD also includes cadherins and AMPA receptors, whose component GSG1L was linked to arranging. These results suggest that molecular pathways linked to memory and learning via LTD affect music-related creative behaviour. Musical creativity is a complex phenotype where a common background with musicality and intelligence has been proposed. Here, we implicate genetic regions affecting music-related creative behaviour, which also include genes with neuropsychiatric associations. We also propose a common genetic background for music-related creative behaviour and musical abilities at chromosome 4.

  5. Creative Activities in Music--A Genome-Wide Linkage Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oikkonen, Jaana; Kuusi, Tuire; Peltonen, Petri; Raijas, Pirre; Ukkola-Vuoti, Liisa; Karma, Kai; Onkamo, Päivi; Järvelä, Irma

    2016-01-01

    Creative activities in music represent a complex cognitive function of the human brain, whose biological basis is largely unknown. In order to elucidate the biological background of creative activities in music we performed genome-wide linkage and linkage disequilibrium (LD) scans in musically experienced individuals characterised for self-reported composing, arranging and non-music related creativity. The participants consisted of 474 individuals from 79 families, and 103 sporadic individuals. We found promising evidence for linkage at 16p12.1-q12.1 for arranging (LOD 2.75, 120 cases), 4q22.1 for composing (LOD 2.15, 103 cases) and Xp11.23 for non-music related creativity (LOD 2.50, 259 cases). Surprisingly, statistically significant evidence for linkage was found for the opposite phenotype of creative activity in music (neither composing nor arranging; NCNA) at 18q21 (LOD 3.09, 149 cases), which contains cadherin genes like CDH7 and CDH19. The locus at 4q22.1 overlaps the previously identified region of musical aptitude, music perception and performance giving further support for this region as a candidate region for broad range of music-related traits. The other regions at 18q21 and 16p12.1-q12.1 are also adjacent to the previously identified loci with musical aptitude. Pathway analysis of the genes suggestively associated with composing suggested an overrepresentation of the cerebellar long-term depression pathway (LTD), which is a cellular model for synaptic plasticity. The LTD also includes cadherins and AMPA receptors, whose component GSG1L was linked to arranging. These results suggest that molecular pathways linked to memory and learning via LTD affect music-related creative behaviour. Musical creativity is a complex phenotype where a common background with musicality and intelligence has been proposed. Here, we implicate genetic regions affecting music-related creative behaviour, which also include genes with neuropsychiatric associations. We also propose a common genetic background for music-related creative behaviour and musical abilities at chromosome 4.

  6. Il design italiano attraverso moda, arte, cinema, grafica e musica dal Secondo Dopoguerra al 1969

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    LAGHEZZA, Eugenia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the relationship between Italian design and the wider cultural context in which it is rooted. Italian design has witnessed social, cultural and economical transformations since the Post War reconstruction. In doing so, it has interacted with contemporary cultural forms like art, fashion design, cinema, graphic design, advertising and music in a mutual and fertile exchange. This paper shortly describes the first phase in which the profession of the designer was defined and consolidated, during the Post War reconstruction. After the Second World War, Italy needed to reconstruct its social, political and economic systems. New buildings for new working families needed to be furnished; the early generation of architects/designers like Castiglioni or Magistretti found a fertile dialogue with bright entrepreneurs from Northern Italy like Cesare Cassina or Ernesto Gismondi (Artemide. Designers started to acquire a professional identity and in 1956 ADI (Association for the Industrial Design was born. Moreover, this paper describes how Italian design interacted with the national popular culture, contributing to the construction of myths and cultural symbols.

  7. "Woman Hollering Creek" a Traves de la Musica: Articulating Mexicanidad to Pochismo

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Lydia A.

    2011-01-01

    This essay intervenes in contemporary scholarship on Sandra Cisneros's "Woman Hollering Creek" (1991) by examining the canciones she uses as epigraphs and their relationship to the multiple nationalisms that Chicana/os actively negotiate. I argue that Cisneros's decision to include powerfully nationalist Mexican cancion traditions…

  8. O efeito da musica ambiente no comportamento do consumidor : o caso dos restaurantes

    OpenAIRE

    Sepúlveda, Filipa Maria da Cruz Filipe

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing O presente estudo visa investigar qual o impacto que a presença de música ambiente e respectivas variações do tempo da música, num ambiente de restaurante, tem junto do comportamento do consumidor, averiguando se é, ou não, uma ferramenta de marketing eficaz. Através de uma abordagem metódica e quantitativa, ir-se-á investigar se a presença de música ambiente e as suas respectivas variações no tempo afectam positivamente o tempo que os consumidores passam no inter...

  9. 'Noye’s Fludde': l’arca come officina di musica

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    Alessandro Macchia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Con Noye’s Fludde op. 59 (1957-’58 Benjamin Britten traccia una svolta definitiva nella storia della letteratura musicale per voci bianche. Il soggetto corrisponde all’evento biblico del diluvio universale, ma la fonte principale del compositore inglese, piuttosto che il libro della Genesi, è l’English Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1898, ovvero i Chester Miracle Plays: una raccolta di venticinque Misteri degli inizi del XV secolo. Si tratta di sacre rappresentazioni che sviluppano soggetti del Vecchio e del Nuovo Testamento, in passato realizzate dalle corporazioni dei mestieri e portate in giro per le strade su carri trainati da buoi, i cosiddetti “pageant”. Il diluvio di Noè era tradizionalmente appannaggio degli acquaioli. Il percorso didattico, rivolto a una delle tre classi della scuola secondaria di primo grado, verte sull’analisi del testo e del corrispondente adattamento musicale di alcuni numeri di Noye’s Fludde per mettere in grado lo studente di decifrarvi il messaggio religioso intrinseco. 

  10. "Woman Hollering Creek" a Traves de la Musica: Articulating Mexicanidad to Pochismo

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Lydia A.

    2011-01-01

    This essay intervenes in contemporary scholarship on Sandra Cisneros's "Woman Hollering Creek" (1991) by examining the canciones she uses as epigraphs and their relationship to the multiple nationalisms that Chicana/os actively negotiate. I argue that Cisneros's decision to include powerfully nationalist Mexican cancion traditions…

  11. Musica de la Frontera: Research Note on the UCLA Frontera Digital Archive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Robert Chao

    2005-01-01

    The Frontera Digital Archive is an impressive and invaluable research tool for multidisciplinary scholars of Chicana/o studies and Latin American studies. The archive preserves rare Mexican vernacular musical recordings and provides convenient access to these recordings via Internet.

  12. Prima la musica: insegnare il melodramma a Oxford negli Anni 2000

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    Emanuele Senici

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available La tavola rotonda ‘L’opera monta in cattedra: didattica del melodramma’, coordinata da Lorenzo Bianconi e Annamaria Cecconi nel novembre 2007 in occasione dell’XI Colloquio di Musicologia del «Saggiatore musicale», includeva un mio breve intervento sull’esperienza didattica maturata in moduli d’argomento operistico nell’Università di Oxford, dove ho insegnato dal 1998 al 2008. L’intento era di fornire dati utili a un esercizio comparativo, il quale permettesse d’osservare le esperienze di docenti sia d’università sia di conservatorii italiani dalla prospettiva d’un sistema universitario molto diverso da ambo le istituzioni e che però, come vedremo, per le sue caratteristiche pare collocarsi a cavallo tra le due. Le pagine che seguono costituiscono un ripensamento sistematico di quelle riflessioni, nella speranza che esse possano tuttora risultare di qualche interesse a chi riflette sulla didattica del melodramma in Italia. Dopo aver delineato in breve il contesto istituzionale, presenterò un questionario proposto a due gruppi di studenti; sui risultati esporrò poi qualche riflessione conclusiva, tenendo presenti i temi proposti dal testo-base della tavola rotonda e la discussione che ebbe luogo a Bologna. Avverto infine che, benché io scriva quasi sempre al presente, ciò che dico si riferisce al periodo del mio insegnamento oxoniense: dal 2008 alcune cose possono essere cambiate.

  13. Aristides Quintilianus. De Musica, II 1–5. Introduction, Russian translation and notes.

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    Nadezhda Lyamkina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In his extensive treatise On music Aristides Quintilianus (the late 3rd c. CE, according to Mathiesen 1983 tried to collect everything relevant to the study of musical theory and practice. Although somewhat eclectic, this massive compilation is unique in many respects, both providing us with access to the sources unknown otherwise and offering a unifying and personalized vision of music and musical education in the structure of human society and cosmos. The first book largely deals with the technical side of the Aristoxenian harmonics, rhythmic, and metrics; the most original and well structured second book focuses on the educational and therapeutic value of music, the ethical and emotional (‘male and female’ characters of melody as well as the peculiarities of various musical instruments; while the last third presents a metaphysical outlook, influenced by (Neo-Pythagorean and Platonic inclinations of the author, and includes the ‘Pythagorean’ number theory (the division of kanon, concordant relations, etc. and ‘physics’ (presented as a correlation between musical and physical realms, mostly in Platonic terms. The chapters, presented in this study in a new Russian translation, concern the pedagogical aspects of music.

  14. Therapeutic strategies after coronary stenting in chronically anticoagulated patients: the MUSICA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sambola, A; Ferreira-González, I; Angel, J; Alfonso, F; Maristany, J; Rodríguez, O; Bueno, H; López-Minguez, J R; Zueco, J; Fernández-Avilés, F; San Román, A; Prendergast, B; Mainar, V; García-Dorado, D; Tornos, P

    2009-09-01

    To identify the therapeutic regimens used at discharge in patients receiving oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) who undergo stenting percutaneous coronary intervention and stent implantation (PCI-S), and to assess the safety and efficacy associated with different therapeutic regimens according to thromboembolic risk. A prospective multicentre registry. In hospital, after discharge and follow-up by telephone call. 405 patients (328 male/77 female; mean (SD) age 71 (9) years) receiving OAT who underwent PCI-S between November 2003 and June 2006 from nine catheterisation laboratories of tertiary care teaching hospitals in Spain and one in the United Kingdom were included. Three therapeutic regimens were identified at discharge: triple therapy (TT) -- that is, any anticoagulant (AC) plus double antiplatelet therapy (DAT; 278 patients (68.6%); AC and a single antiplatelet (AC+AT; 46 (11.4%)) and DAT only (81 (20%)). At 6 months, patients receiving TT showed the greatest rate of bleeding events. No patients receiving DAT at low thromboembolic risk presented a bleeding event (14.8% receiving TT, 11.8% receiving AC+AT and 0% receiving DAT, p = 0.033) or cardiovascular event (6.7% receiving TT, 0% receiving AC+AT and 0% receiving DAT, p = 0.126). The combination of AC+AT showed the worst rate of adverse events in the whole cohort, especially in patients at moderate-high thromboembolic risk. In patients receiving OAT, TT was the most commonly used regimen after PCI-S. DAT was associated with the lowest rate of bleeding events and a similar efficacy to TT in patients at low thromboembolic risk. TT should probably be restricted to patients at moderate-high thromboembolic risk.

  15. Musica de la Frontera: Research Note on the UCLA Frontera Digital Archive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Robert Chao

    2005-01-01

    The Frontera Digital Archive is an impressive and invaluable research tool for multidisciplinary scholars of Chicana/o studies and Latin American studies. The archive preserves rare Mexican vernacular musical recordings and provides convenient access to these recordings via Internet.

  16. Improvvisazione e contraffatti. Circa il primato della prassi in ontologia della musica

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    Alessandro Bertinetto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss a particular musical practice, the contrafacture, as an interesting case of artistic appropriation. I argue that musical contrafacture, especially in the jazz field, may deflate some biased assumptions that sometimes are taken for granted – mostly in the ontologies of music based on the type/token dichotomy. The case of contrafacture may support the philosophical views endorsing the link between ontology and social-artistic practices and accepting that the ontological constructions presuppose the different practices in which they arise. I strengthen my view of the link between musical artistic practices and musical ontology by considering the nominal ontological paradox generated by improvising on jazz contrafacts.

  17. Report: L’inconscio, il tempo, il suono. Su psicoanalisi e musica

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    Michele Gardini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The system of classical psychoanalysis, as built by Freud, grants almost no space to the phenomenon of sound and music. Indeed, many aspects of music, though not all, appear incompatible with his conception of the unconscious. Only slowly and painfully, through the reflection and the analytical and aesthetic categories worked out by figures such as Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern, Didier Anzieu and Michel Imberty, music has finally found its rightful place in the vast map of psychoanalytic science. Many metapsychological categories first elaborated by Freud appear now, retrospectively, as limited on the one hand to the iconic and linguistic dimension, on the other to specifically pathological situations and finally, from the musical point of view, to the "new music", testimony of the world in “era of the technique” and subject of the masterly analysis by Theodor Adorno.

  18. “Dirigere lo zoo”: alcune contese tra danza e musica nel Novecento

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    Stefano Tomassini

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The essay goes over some quarrels about the alliance between dance and music, along the XXth century, beginning from the political transformation of the spatial dimension of listening, from the notion of montage in dance as an independent answer from the structure of music, and from the use of notation (score as an active part of the creative process. At the heart of it, it seems to predominate what Nabokov called the musical zoo of Djagilev’s Ballets Russes, in which the idea of the past is a supplement of history; it is then continually outstanding nostalgia in front of the ruins of time, as likewise in the experimentation of Massine’s symphonic ballet and in the imperial air of Balanchine’s symphonic choreographies. In his diaries, Nižinskij had already sanctioned the overcoming of the eyes in favour of an autonomy of the feelings, which is capable of throwing into crisis the unity between dance and music, whereas in Laban’s theory this tension seems to turn out to be a renouncement. It seems therefore to prefigure a final paradox, which is able to violate the historical alliance, between dance and music, whilst respecting it: it is necessary to know how to create an internal depth of listening, in order to be able to dance the music without the repetition of a mere external listening.

  19. I quanta acustici di Gabor nelle tecnologie del suono e della musica

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    Agostino Di Scipio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Through a series of brillant paper publications dating from the late 1940s, Dennis Gabor developed a new conceptual and operational framework for the analysis of sound signals, based on a quantum-oriented view of acoustical phenomena. In the present essay, I try to illustrate the shaping up of Gabor’s quantum analysis of sound, especially as delineated in two papers from 1946 (Theory of communication and 1947 (Acoustical quanta and the theory of hearing, and to overview its legacy in scientific research as well as in audio and musical applications. After some introductory remarks, I follow a hybrid path, between history of science and history of audio technology, sketching a “genealogy” of Gabor’s quantum view of sound (i.e. as connected to Heisenberg’s indeterminacy principle, to Mach’s analysis of sensation, etc., and relating it to an empiricist tradition of modern science. I eventually situate his research in the context of contemporary research preoccupations shared by other, at the time, and I finally discuss some of the earliest audio devices that seem to tie back to Gabor’s own practical experiments (beside his theoretical framework and that revealed of primary interest to pioneers in analog and digital music technologies and related creative practices.

  20. "The New World". Musica e narratività nel cinema di Terrence Malick

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    Francesco Finocchiaro

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The New World (USA, 2005 is the fourth full-length film’s title of the American director Terrence Malick. The movie tells the legendary love story between Princess Pocahontas (Q’orianka Kilcher of the Powathan tribe and the English soldier and explorer John Smith (Colin Farrell. The background of the historical events concerns the foundation of one of the first European settlements in the New World, at the close beginning of 17th Century. The specific topic of the proposed didactical unit, which is addressed to a 2nd or 3rd class of the Secondary School, consists in the analysis of some film sequences, that all employ the main theme of the second movement (Adagio from the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto K 488. The didactic unit is based on an audiovisual analysis, that focuses on developing some categories, concepts and tools, which can enrich the reading strategies of a kind of text – the syncretic cinematographic one – with a central role in the contemporary music production and consumption. Malick’s work not only represents a polished example of music employment in a movie, but also deals with a topic of a relevant historical importance, that is the encounter between the Old and New World; indeed this topic is particularly suitable for encouraging a reflection upon cultural diversity and interethnic communication.

  1. The Mozart effect: distinctive aspects of the music--a clue to brain coding?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, J R; Fino, J J

    2000-04-01

    The goal of this study was to determine distinctive aspects of Mozart music that may explain the "Mozart Effect," specifically, the decrease in seizure activity. As many as 81 musical selections of Mozart, but also 67 of J.C. Bach, 67 of J.S. Bach, 39 of Chopin and 148 from 55 other composers were computer analyzed to quantify the music in search of any distinctive aspect and later to determine the degree to which a dominant periodicity could be found. Long-term periodicity (especially 10-60 sec, mean and median of 30 sec), was found often in Mozart music but also that of the two Bachs, significantly more often than the other composers and was especially absent in the control music that had no effect on epileptic activity in previous studies. Short-term periodicities were not significantly different between Mozart and the Bachs vs. the other composers. The conclusion is that one distinctive aspect of Mozart music is long-term periodicity that may well resonate within the cerebral cortex and also may be related to coding within the brain.

  2. Biomasa acústica y distribución del jurel Trachurus murphyien el Perú

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    Marceliano Segura

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los resultados de las evaluaciones hidroacústicas del recurso jurel Trachurus murphyi Nichols 1920 realizadas en aguas peruanas entre 1983 – 2012. Desde 1983 se incluyó al T. murphyicomo especie de estudio durante los cruceros de evaluación de recursos pelágicos ejecutados por el Instituto del Mar del Perú. Debido al énfasis en la estimación de biomasa de la anchoveta Engraulis ringens y de la sardina Sardinops sagax cuando esta última es más abundante, los cruceros se llevan a cabo durante el verano austral y las áreas de evaluación están circunscritas a las zonas más costeras hasta 100 mn, con sólo algunas exploraciones en otras estaciones y hasta 200 millas. El máximo valor de biomasa de 8.51 millones de toneladas de T. murphyien aguas peruanas estimado con las evaluaciones hidroacústicas fue encontrado durante el crucero realizado en otoño (marzo-mayo de 1983. En los años siguientes los estimados de biomasa acústica fluctuaron entre 180 mil toneladas en 1985 y otro máximo de 8.47 millones de toneladas en 1993, para luego disminuir gradualmente hasta un mínimo de 1239 t en 2010, con una ligera recuperación en los años 2011 y 2012. El área de distribución de T. murphyifue muy fluctuante en todo el periodo observado.

  3. Dynamic height: A key variable for identifying the spawning habitat of small pelagic fishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asch, Rebecca G.; Checkley, David M., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Small pelagic fishes off southern California exhibit interannual variations in the regions they occupy. An enhanced understanding of these fluctuations could improve fisheries management and predictions of fish's responses to climate change. We investigated dynamic height as a variable for identifying the spawning habitat of northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax), and jack mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus). During cruises between 1998 and 2004, dynamic height was calculated from temperature and salinity profiles, while fish egg concentration was measured with obliquely towed bongo nets and the Continuous, Underway Fish Egg Sampler. Dynamic height ranged between 68 and 108 cm, with values increasing offshore. The greatest probability of encountering anchovy, sardine, and jack mackerel eggs occurred at dynamic heights of 79-83 cm, 84-89 cm, and 89-99 cm, respectively. Four mechanisms were proposed to explain how dynamic height affects egg distribution: (1) dynamic height is a proxy for upper water column temperature and salinity, which are known to influence spawning habitat. (2) Low dynamic heights are indicative of coastal upwelling, which increases primary and secondary productivity. (3) Egg concentration is greater at dynamic heights coincident with geostrophic currents that transport larvae to favorable habitats. (4) Eddies delineated by dynamic height contours retain eggs in productive habitats. To evaluate these mechanisms, a generalized linear model was constructed using dynamic height, temperature, salinity, chlorophyll, zooplankton volume, geostrophic currents, and eddies as independent variables. Dynamic height explained more variance than any other variable in models of sardine and anchovy spawning habitat. Together temperature, salinity, and chlorophyll accounted for 80-95% of the dynamic height effect, emphasizing the importance of the first two mechanisms. However, dynamic height remained statistically significant in the

  4. Immunological cross-reactivity between four distant parvalbumins-Impact on allergen detection and diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Michael F; Stephen, Juan N; Kraft, Lukas; Weiss, Thomas; Kamath, Sandip D; Lopata, Andreas L

    2015-02-01

    Fish are the largest and most diverse group of vertebrates. Fish are also a part of the eight food groups that cause the majority of IgE mediated food reactions. Detection tools for fish allergens are however limited due to the great diversity of fish species, despite fish allergy and its major allergen parvalbumin being well documented. The most commonly studied fish are frequently consumed in North America and Europe. However, much less is known about fish allergens in the Australasian region although fish is widely consumed in this region. A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis was performed of known parvalbumin amino acid sequences to determine possible candidate antigens for new cross-reactive antibodies to be used to detect most fish parvalbumins. Polyclonal rabbit antibodies were raised against parvalbumins from frequently consumed barramundi (Lates calcarifer), basa (Pangasius bocourti), pilchard (Sardinops sagax) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). These were evaluated for cross-reactivity against a panel of 45 fish extracts (raw, heated and canned fish). Anti-barramundi parvalbumin proved to be the most cross-reactive antibody, detecting 87.5% of the 40 species analyzed, followed by anti-pilchard and anti-basa antibody. In contrast the anti-salmon antibody was very specific and only reacted to salmonidae and a few other fish. All analyzed fish species, except mahi mahi, swordfish, yellowfin tuna and all 5 canned fish had parvalbumin detected in raw extracts. However antibody reactivity to many fish was heat liable or susceptible to denaturation, demonstrating that some parvalbumins have most likely conformational epitopes, which lose antibody reactivity after heat treatment. We have demonstrated the generation of highly cross-reactive anti-parvalbumin antibodies that could be used for the detection of allergenic fish parvalbumin in contaminated food products. This cross-reactivity study thus shows processing of fish, especially canning, can have on impact

  5. Managing small-scale commercial fisheries for adaptive capacity: insights from dynamic social-ecological drivers of change in Monterey Bay.

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    Stacy E Aguilera

    Full Text Available Globally, small-scale fisheries are influenced by dynamic climate, governance, and market drivers, which present social and ecological challenges and opportunities. It is difficult to manage fisheries adaptively for fluctuating drivers, except to allow participants to shift effort among multiple fisheries. Adapting to changing conditions allows small-scale fishery participants to survive economic and environmental disturbances and benefit from optimal conditions. This study explores the relative influence of large-scale drivers on shifts in effort and outcomes among three closely linked fisheries in Monterey Bay since the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act of 1976. In this region, Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax, northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax, and market squid (Loligo opalescens fisheries comprise a tightly linked system where shifting focus among fisheries is a key element to adaptive capacity and reduced social and ecological vulnerability. Using a cluster analysis of landings, we identify four modes from 1974 to 2012 that are dominated (i.e., a given species accounting for the plurality of landings by squid, sardine, anchovy, or lack any dominance, and seven points of transition among these periods. This approach enables us to determine which drivers are associated with each mode and each transition. Overall, we show that market and climate drivers are predominantly attributed to dominance transitions. Model selection of external drivers indicates that governance phases, reflected as perceived abundance, dictate long-term outcomes. Our findings suggest that globally, small-scale fishery managers should consider enabling shifts in effort among fisheries and retaining existing flexibility, as adaptive capacity is a critical determinant for social and ecological resilience.

  6. Managing small-scale commercial fisheries for adaptive capacity: insights from dynamic social-ecological drivers of change in Monterey Bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilera, Stacy E; Cole, Jennifer; Finkbeiner, Elena M; Le Cornu, Elodie; Ban, Natalie C; Carr, Mark H; Cinner, Joshua E; Crowder, Larry B; Gelcich, Stefan; Hicks, Christina C; Kittinger, John N; Martone, Rebecca; Malone, Daniel; Pomeroy, Carrie; Starr, Richard M; Seram, Sanah; Zuercher, Rachel; Broad, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    Globally, small-scale fisheries are influenced by dynamic climate, governance, and market drivers, which present social and ecological challenges and opportunities. It is difficult to manage fisheries adaptively for fluctuating drivers, except to allow participants to shift effort among multiple fisheries. Adapting to changing conditions allows small-scale fishery participants to survive economic and environmental disturbances and benefit from optimal conditions. This study explores the relative influence of large-scale drivers on shifts in effort and outcomes among three closely linked fisheries in Monterey Bay since the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act of 1976. In this region, Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax), northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), and market squid (Loligo opalescens) fisheries comprise a tightly linked system where shifting focus among fisheries is a key element to adaptive capacity and reduced social and ecological vulnerability. Using a cluster analysis of landings, we identify four modes from 1974 to 2012 that are dominated (i.e., a given species accounting for the plurality of landings) by squid, sardine, anchovy, or lack any dominance, and seven points of transition among these periods. This approach enables us to determine which drivers are associated with each mode and each transition. Overall, we show that market and climate drivers are predominantly attributed to dominance transitions. Model selection of external drivers indicates that governance phases, reflected as perceived abundance, dictate long-term outcomes. Our findings suggest that globally, small-scale fishery managers should consider enabling shifts in effort among fisheries and retaining existing flexibility, as adaptive capacity is a critical determinant for social and ecological resilience.

  7. Different Levels of Hypoxia Tolerance during Early Life History Stages of Key Fish Species from the Northern Benguela Upwelling Ecosystem Inferred from the Comparison of Eco-Physiological Traits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geist, S. J.; Imam, R. M.; Kunzmann, A.; Ekau, W.

    2016-02-01

    Global change factors such as a pronounced Oxygen Minimum Zone and the shoaling of hypoxic waters are assumed to play a major role in controlling the recruitment of fish stocks in Upwelling Systems by affecting the planktonic early life history stages. Ecological and ecophysiological traits in the larval stages of five key fish species in the Northern Benguela Upwelling System (Sardine, Sardinops sagax; Anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus; Cape horse mackerel, Trachurus capensis; Cape hake, Merluccius sp.; Pelagic goby, Sufflogobobius bibarbatus) were investigated during the GENUS (Geochemistry and Ecology of the Namibian Upwelling Ecosystem) research project . Analysis of vertical larval distributions in relation to the depth of hypoxic water layers showed gradual interspecific differences, suggesting lower hypoxia tolerance levels of the small pelagics Sardine and Anchovy. Cape horse mackerel juveniles and larvae exhibited very high tolerance levels to short-term hypoxia in respirometry stress experiments, close to the levels of the extremely hypoxia-tolerant Pelagic goby. In the latter two species, we also measured the highest activities of anaerobic enzymes (pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase) in early and late larval stages, compared to very low activities in Sardine larvae. A higher amount of anaerobic enzymatic activity is related to a higher capacity to break down metabolites that build up during phases of oxygen debt and thus help the larvae to quickly recover from hypoxia exposure. In consequence, a high hypoxia tolerance during their early life stages allows Cape horse mackerel and Pelagic goby to successfully reproduce in an environment characterized by frequent hypoxic events. The low hypoxia tolerance of Sardine larvae, eventually resulting in higher mortality rates, is likely to be an important factor to understand the poor reproductive success and continuing recruitment failures of this formerly dominant fish species of the NBUS during the last

  8. Quantifying mercury isotope dynamics in captive Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis

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    Sae Yun Kwon

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Analyses of mercury (Hg isotope ratios in fish tissues are used increasingly to infer sources and biogeochemical processes of Hg in natural aquatic ecosystems. Controlled experiments that can couple internal Hg isotope behavior with traditional isotope tracers (δ13C, δ15N can improve the applicability of Hg isotopes as natural ecological tracers. In this study, we investigated changes in Hg isotope ratios (δ202Hg, Δ199Hg during bioaccumulation of natural diets in the pelagic Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis; PBFT. Juvenile PBFT were fed a mixture of natural prey and a dietary supplement (60% Loligo opalescens, 31% Sardinops sagax, 9% gel supplement in captivity for 2914 days, and white muscle tissues were analyzed for Hg isotope ratios and compared to time in captivity and internal turnover of δ13C and δ15N. PBFT muscle tissues equilibrated to Hg isotope ratios of the dietary mixture within ∼700 days, after which we observed a cessation in further shifts in Δ199Hg, and small but significant negative δ202Hg shifts from the dietary mixture. The internal behavior of Δ199Hg is consistent with previous fish studies, which showed an absence of Δ199Hg fractionation during Hg bioaccumulation. The negative δ202Hg shifts can be attributed to either preferential excretion of Hg with higher δ202Hg values or individual variability in captive PBFT feeding preferences and/or consumption rates. The overall internal behavior of Hg isotopes is similar to that described for δ13C and δ15N, though observed Hg turnover was slower compared to carbon and nitrogen. This improved understanding of internal dynamics of Hg isotopes in relation to δ13C and δ15N enhances the applicability of Hg isotope ratios in fish tissues for tracing Hg sources in natural ecosystems.

  9. Anchovies to Whales: tracking vertebrate biodiversity in Monterey Bay by metabarcoding environmental DNA (eDNA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Closek, C. J.; Starks, H.; Walz, K.; Boehm, A. B.; Chavez, F.

    2016-12-01

    The oscillation between the dominance of Sardinops sagax (pacific sardine) and Engraulis mordax (northern anchovy) has been documented in the California Coastal Ecosystem for more than 100 years. These two species are strong drivers of trophic interactions in the region. As part of the Marine Biodiversity Observational Network (MBON) initiative, we used archived filtered seawater samples collected late-summer to mid-fall over a span of 8 years from Monterey Bay, CA to examine the change in marine vertebrate environmental DNA (eDNA). Water samples were collected from a nearshore location in Monterey Bay (C1) during the years of 2008-15. The water was then filtered, and the filter was archived at -80°C. DNA was extracted from the filters, and the 12S rRNA gene present in mitochondrial DNA was PCR amplification using primers designed to amplify 12s rRNA genes from marine vertebrates. The amplicons were subsequently sequenced with an Illumina MiSeq and the data processed using an analysis pipeline for sequence annotation. More than 20 fish genera were noted in the sequences from 2008-12, with Engraulis the dominant fish genus from 2013-15. Anchovy and Megaptera novaeangliae (humpback whale) were present in temporal patterns similar to those noted during visual observations where anchovy and humpback whale were more abundant during the years of 2013-2015 than the other years. This study demonstrates our ability to detect megafauna and fish species that are important to the Monterey Bay ecosystem from coastal water samples and determine community structural differences over time.

  10. Oxygen: a fundamental property regulating pelagic ecosystem structure in the coastal southeastern tropical Pacific.

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    Arnaud Bertrand

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In the southeastern tropical Pacific anchovy (Engraulis ringens and sardine (Sardinops sagax abundance have recently fluctuated on multidecadal scales and food and temperature have been proposed as the key parameters explaining these changes. However, ecological and paleoecological studies, and the fact that anchovies and sardines are favored differently in other regions, raise questions about the role of temperature. Here we investigate the role of oxygen in structuring fish populations in the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem that has evolved over anoxic conditions and is one of the world's most productive ecosystems in terms of forage fish. This study is particularly relevant given that the distribution of oxygen in the ocean is changing with uncertain consequences. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A comprehensive data set is used to show how oxygen concentration and oxycline depth affect the abundance and distribution of pelagic fish. We show that the effects of oxygen on anchovy and sardine are opposite. Anchovy flourishes under relatively low oxygen conditions while sardine avoid periods/areas with low oxygen concentration and restricted habitat. Oxygen consumption, trophic structure and habitat compression play a fundamental role in fish dynamics in this important ecosystem. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: For the ocean off Peru we suggest that a key process, the need to breathe, has been neglected previously. Inclusion of this missing piece allows the development of a comprehensive conceptual model of pelagic fish populations and change in an ocean ecosystem impacted by low oxygen. Should current trends in oxygen in the ocean continue similar effects may be evident in other coastal upwelling ecosystems.

  11. Medidas de conservación y ordenación pesquera del jurel Trachurus murphyien el Perú

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    Jorge Zuzunaga

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Las pesquerías peruanas como actividades realizadas sobre recursos naturales renovables son reguladas por un marco jurídico, cuyo objetivo es asegurar su conservación y uso sostenible. La Ley General de Pesca (DL N°. 25977 señala que para cada tipo de pesquería y según la situación del recurso explotado debe establecerse un sistema de ordenamiento que concilie el principio de sostenibilidad de los recursos pesqueros o conservación en el largo plazo, con la obtención de los mayores beneficios económicos y sociales. En el ordenamiento pesquero del jurel Trachurus murphyi, las medidas incluyen entre otras, el régimen de acceso constituido por las autorizaciones de incremento de flota y permisos de pesca, que se otorgan solo a los buques cuyas capturas son destinadas únicamente para el consumo humano directo, de acuerdo a lo dispuesto en el Reglamento de Ordenamiento Pesquero (DS N.° 011-2007-PRODUCE. La obligación de destinar los recursos sardina Sardinops sagax, jurel T. murphyiy caballa Scomber japonicus al consumo humano directo rige desde septiembre 2002 (DS N°. 001-2002-PRODUCE. Otras medidas vigentes restringen el tamaño mínimo de malla de las redes, prohíben la captura de ejemplares menores de 31 cm de longitud total, determinan el inicio y cierre de las temporadas de pesca, los límites de captura o cuotas anuales. Estas disposiciones son complementadas por medidas de seguimiento, control y vigilancia para la efectiva conservación y uso sostenido del recurso.

  12. [Fatty acid composition and cholesterol content in naturally canned jurel, sardine, salmon, and tuna].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, N; Robert, P; Masson, L; Luck, C; Buschmann, L

    1996-03-01

    To obtain more information about fatty acid profile and cholesterol content of fat extracted from canned fish in brine habitually consumed in Chile, four different species Jurel (Trachurus murphyi), Sardine (Sardinops sagax), Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and Tuna (Thunnus alalunga) were analyzed. The GLC of fatty acid methyl esters showed that the main group of fatty acids belongs to polyunsaturated, being omega-3 family the more important. The principal representants were eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA), with percentages between 5%-11% and 12%-22% respectively. Omega-6 family was represented mainly by arachidonic acid (AA) with percentages between 2%-4%. Cholesterol content was similar to the values found in other animal origen meats. The figures were between 41-86 mg of cholesterol per 100 g of edible product, Tuna in brine, was the product with the lowest content of cholesterol. The calculated amount of EPA, DHA and total omega-3 fatty acids indicated values between 95-604, 390-1163 and 609-2775 mg respectively per 100 g of edible product. Due these results is important to emphasize the consumption of this type of canned fish in brine, that they really represent a good dietary source of mainly polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids. The international recommendations indicate to increase the consumption of fish, due the beneficial effects described in relation with cardiovascular disease, which is the mean cause of death in Chile, country with a wide variety of marine origen foods, but with a contradictory answer about its consumption which is not incorporated in the current diet.

  13. Long-term variation in a central California pelagic forage assemblage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ralston, Stephen; Field, John C.; Sakuma, Keith M.

    2015-06-01

    A continuous 23 year midwater trawl survey (1990-2012) of the epipelagic forage assemblage off the coast of central California (lat. 36°30‧-38°20‧ N) is described and analyzed. Twenty taxa occurred in ≥ 10% of the 2037 trawls that were completed at 40 distinct station locations. The dominant taxa sampled by the 9.5 mm mesh net included a suite of young-of-the-year (YOY) groundfish, including rockfish (Sebastes spp.) and Pacific hake (Merluccius productus), two clupeoids (Engraulis mordax and Sardinops sagax), krill (Euphausiacea), cephalopods (Doryteuthis opalescens and Octopus sp.), and a variety of mesopelagic species, i.e., Diaphus theta, Tarltonbeania crenularis, "other" lanternfish (Myctophidae), deep-sea smelts (Bathylagidae), and sergestid shrimp. Annual abundance estimates of the 20 taxa were obtained from analysis of variance models, which included year and station as main effects. Principal components analysis of the abundance estimates revealed that 61% of assemblage variance was explained by the first three components. The first component revealed a strong contrast in the abundance of: (a) YOY groundfish, market squid (D. opalescens), and krill with (b) mesopelagics and clupeoids; the second component was associated with long-term trends in abundance. An evaluation of 10 different published oceanographic data sets and CTD data collected during the survey indicated that seawater properties encountered each year were significantly correlated with abundance patterns, as were annual sea-level anomalies obtained from an analysis of AVISO satellite information. A comparison of our findings with several other recent studies of biological communities occurring in the California Current revealed a consistent structuring of forage assemblages, which we conjecture is primarily attributable to large-scale advection patterns in the California Current ecosystem.

  14. CR MUSICA 图像处理工具在床边胸片中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂世琨; 全显跃; 俞志坚; 郑美章

    2008-01-01

    @@ 提高床边照片的影像质量,是全面保证影像诊断质量关键的质控因素,正确选择及应用计算机图像处理软件,提高和弥补床边胸片摄影条件不良的图像质量至关重要.笔者就计算机X线摄影(computed radiography,CR)MUSICA图像处理工具在床边胸片中的应用作初步探讨.

  15. Casa Da Musica by OMA in Porto, Portugal%OMA的波尔图音乐厅建筑设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董晓霞

    2006-01-01

    葡萄牙波尔图音乐厅是OMA(大都会建筑师事务所)新近落成的重要作品之一,作者从建筑的三个方面,即形态、空间、时间三个角度对这一作品进行了简单的介绍.

  16. 从心理学角度看伪音%Viewing Musica Ficta phenomenon by the Angle of Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄虹; 曹玲

    2011-01-01

    14-15世纪盛行于欧洲的伪音,因多声部音乐的发展及人的审美心理需求而产生,对从教会调式到大小调调性体系的转变起了重要作用.本研究借鉴了心理学实验的方法,试图以令人之身心感受去印证、探究古人对伪音的体验,以验证关于伪音产生条件、原因及其功能的推论.并结合实验所得数据和音乐形态分析做了进一步探讨,提出伪音在历史上扮演的角色决定其具有过渡性和实验性,其音响效果对于调性听觉而言尚不完满.

  17. «Il possesso della scena»: gente di teatro in musica tra Sei e Settecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paologiovanni Maione

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article investigates the training of female stage practitioners and their versatility in performing different genres. Through select case studies – such as those of Giulia de Caro and Teresa Gandini – it aims to trace the careers of actresses seeking to create an identity in the stage industry. Several sources describe their still unknown professional development, focusing both on parts and roles and on their performing skills (singing, dance, prose. As members of a society and a stage industry which still defy a thorough illustration, they reveal complex personalities that go far beyond brief and concise ‘biographies’. Needless to say, they interact with ‘multitasking’ colleagues, as can be seen in the troupes of Domenico Antonio Di Fiore and Gabriele Costantini, whose actors were eager to work on different ‘stages’, showing how varied and intriguing their specialization was.

  18. Muusikamaail. "Musica nova" Helsingis. Händeli festival Karlsruhes. Ooperikonkurss algas. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi. Ka Parmas uus ooperimaja. / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Soomes toimuvast uue muusika festivalist. Händeli festivalist Karlsruhes. Üle-euroopalisest noorte ooperilauljate konkursist. Ooperilaulja Doris Soffel sai Rootsi riigilt Kuningliku Põhjatähe ordeni. Sebastian Baumgarten sai ooperi "Tosca" eest noore režissööri preemia. Parmas valmis uus ooperimaja

  19. Una nova aproximacio? a les relacions en la mu?sica en viu: redefinint el contingut emocional i el significat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan-Albert Serra

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La música en viu és una activitat social i artística en què tots els que hi participen estableixen un conjunt de relacions en temps real, mediatitzades per diferents factors musicals, socials, psicològics i de l’entorn. L’objectiu d’aquesta investigació és estudiar les relacions entre el públic i els músics, així com la influència que aquestes relacions tenen en els processos que porten a la generació d’emocions i a la creació de significat. Adoptant un punt de vista transdisciplinari, intento estendre un pont entre algunes de les divisions que sovint apareixen en la recerca musical (objecte-activitat, estètic-social, etc. amb la intenció d’anar més enllà de les investigacions que es fan habitualment de manera artificial sobre les emocions i el significat en la música, a partir d’una reflexió sobre la complexa naturalesa de les experiències musicals reals.L’aproximació metodològica és sobretot qualitativa, basada en observacions i entrevistes, tot i que també he tingut en compte algunes dades quantitatives procedents d’enquestes. La investigació s’ha dut a terme com a estudi de cas, l’objecte del qual han estat els concerts d’El Teatre Instrumental, una orquestra especialitzada en el repertori del període clàssic.

  20. Muusikamaail. "Musica nova" Helsingis. Händeli festival Karlsruhes. Ooperikonkurss algas. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi. Ka Parmas uus ooperimaja. / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Soomes toimuvast uue muusika festivalist. Händeli festivalist Karlsruhes. Üle-euroopalisest noorte ooperilauljate konkursist. Ooperilaulja Doris Soffel sai Rootsi riigilt Kuningliku Põhjatähe ordeni. Sebastian Baumgarten sai ooperi "Tosca" eest noore režissööri preemia. Parmas valmis uus ooperimaja

  1. IDEA: Ensenanza de romances espanoles mediante la musica y el arte (IDEA: Teaching Spanish "Romances" Through Music and Art).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Glick, Beatriz

    1999-01-01

    Terrell's natural approach suggests that such interactive activities as music and art induce and improve student communication in language learning. Explanation of the method's steps uses the poem "Abenamar" as an example. The teacher first presents the work in historical context, then reads the work accompanied by visual aids, then…

  2. La musica del sol (The Music of the Sun). A Play, Un Cuento Nahuatl (A Nahuatl Story), and Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Nick M.; And Others

    These three volumes, a primary Spanish reader, a bilingual play and a teacher's guide in English, are based on a Nahuatl legend about a time when the earth was silent and there was no music. In the legend, the wind god flies up to the sun and captures all the musicians and singers, taking them back to earth so there will be music for all. The…

  3. IDEA: Ensenanza de romances espanoles mediante la musica y el arte (IDEA: Teaching Spanish "Romances" Through Music and Art).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Glick, Beatriz

    1999-01-01

    Terrell's natural approach suggests that such interactive activities as music and art induce and improve student communication in language learning. Explanation of the method's steps uses the poem "Abenamar" as an example. The teacher first presents the work in historical context, then reads the work accompanied by visual aids, then…

  4. La musica del sol (The Music of the Sun). A Play, Un Cuento Nahuatl (A Nahuatl Story), and Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Nick M.; And Others

    These three volumes, a primary Spanish reader, a bilingual play and a teacher's guide in English, are based on a Nahuatl legend about a time when the earth was silent and there was no music. In the legend, the wind god flies up to the sun and captures all the musicians and singers, taking them back to earth so there will be music for all. The…

  5. INTENSIDAD DE LA MUSICA: EFECTO SOBRE LA FRECUENCIA CARDIACA Y EL ESFUERZO PERCIBIDO DURANTE LA ACTIVIDAD FISICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Marín Hernández

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La música ha sido ampliamente utilizada en la práctica de ejercicios aeróbicos en la industria deportiva. El propósito de este estudio fue comparar el efecto de diferentes intensidades de la música sobre la frecuencia cardiaca (FC y el esfuerzo percibido (EP durante ejercicio estandarizado en un cicloergómetro. 13 hombres y 5 mujeres voluntarios, físicamente activos (edad 20.6 ± 2.2 años realizaron una prueba bajo tres condiciones en diferentes días, asignadas en un diseño contrabalanceado de medidas repetidas: no música (NM, música a 70 dB, (M70 y música a 85 dB (M85. Ellos se ejercitaron por 20 min. con una carga de trabajo constante predeterminada y equivalente al 80% de su FCMax (kp = 1.47 ± 0.4, 90 rev/min. La música utilizada fue del tipo 'Merengue House' en español con un tempo de 131 ± 4.30 bpm, las diferentes intensidades fueron calibradas con un sonómetro. La FC y el EP fueron registrados a los 10 y 20 min. con un monitor de FC Polar y la escala EP-15 de Borg. Prueba FC 10 min. FC 20 min. EP 10 min. EP 20 min. NM 164.78 ± 8.37 172.11 ± 8.54 12.06 ±1.92 13.78 ±2.58 M70 165.11 ±11.16 173.00 ±12.05 12.00 ±2.11 13.56 ±2.89 M85 163.00 ± 7.58 170.17 ± 7.87 11.50 ±1.55 12.94 ±2.07 Tanto para FC como para EP un ANOVA 3 x 2 con medidas repetidas indicó que los promedios a los 20 min. fueron significativamente mayores que a los 10 min. (p<0.05. Las diferencias en FC y EP entre las tres condiciones no fueron significativas (p >0.05. Los resultados indican que los rangos de intensidades de música estudiados M70 y M85 no produjeron un efecto sobre el EP y la FC cuando se realizó ejercicio estandarizado en un cicloergómetro comparado con una condición sin música NM.

  6. Impact of El Niño events on pelagic fisheries in Peruvian waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ñiquen, Miguel; Bouchon, Marilú

    2004-03-01

    Using data from stock assesment surveys on pelagic resources during El Niño events of 1972/73, 1982/83, 1997/98, we analyze biological changes on pelagic ecosystems and pelagic fisheries during different stages of development of El Niño phenomenon: emergence, full, final and post-Niño. Results indicate changes in spatial distribution of resources, their concentration and size structure. In anchovy (Engraulis ringens) a decrease in biomass was observed, which was estimated at 1.2 million tons in September 1998, the lowest throughout the 1990s. This resource showed an asymmetric distribution towards the south of Peru. Other pelagic resources increased their biomass during or after Niño events, primarily sardine (Sardinops sagax), jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi), pacific mackerel (Scomber japonicus), and longnose anchovy (Anchoa nasus). At the end of the El Niño phenomenon we found less productivity but more diversity in the pelagic ecosystem. During the 1997/98 El Niño, the diversity index (Manual de Ecologia, 1a Edition, Editorial Trillas, Mexico, 267pp) increased from 0.87 to 1.23-1.70. In both the emergence stage and fully developed stages of El Niño we found large numbers of sardine and longnose anchovy present simultaneously. Size structure of sardine, jack mackerel, and pacific mackerel showed an increase in juveniles. Anchovy during El Niño showed a single modal group composed of adults, but the post-Niño phase indicated an increase in juveniles with an average length of 6-7 cm. In El Niño conditions spawning among anchovy was low, but among sardine and pacific mackerel it was high. We observed, for the first time during full spawning, juvenile sardines with a total length of 18-20 cm. The anchovy spawning season during the post-Niño phase was considerably lengthened, from April to December 1998. Drastic change occurred in fisheries when monospecific fisheries, based on anchovy before El Niño, became multispecific fisheries based on sardine, jack

  7. Preservación y abundancia de escamas de peces en sedimentos del margen continental de Chile (21-36° S Fish scale preservation and abundance in sediments from the continental margin off Chile (21-36° S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAVIER A DÍAZ-OCHOA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de evaluar la relación entre la preservación de escamas de peces y las variaciones en las condiciones redox en sedimentos del margen continental de Chile, este trabajo presenta recuentos de escamas de peces y concentraciones normalizadas de elementos redox sensibles (Mo/Al, S/Al, Fe/Al en ocho testigos de sedimento recolectados en la zona de minimo oxígeno frente a Chile (Iquique: 20°15' S, bahía de Mejillones: 23° S y Concepción: 36° S. En el norte de Chile (Iquique y Mejillones predominan las escamas de anchoveta (Engraulis ringens y de peces de la familia Myctophidae (media = 90 y 120 escamas 1.000 cm-3, respectivamente mientras que en Chile centro-sur (Concepción son más abundantes las escamas de jurel (Trachurus murphy; media = 140 escamas 1.000 cm-3. La abundancia de escamas de merluza común (Merluccius gayi gayi y de sardina (Sardinops sagax es aproximadamente un orden de magnitud más baja que la de anchoveta o jurel. En general, los valores más altos y los rangos más amplios de variación en las razones Mo/Al, S/Al y Fe/Al se encuentran en Mejillones (Mo/Al ~0,8-12 mg g-1, S/Al 0,2-4,6 g g-1, Fe/Al 0,3-0,7 g g-1 seguidos por Iquique (Mo/Al -0,2-1,8; S/Al 0,2-0,7, Fe/Al 0,5-0,8, mientras que Concepción revela valores más bajos y poco variables (Mo/Al ~0,07, S/Al ~0,15 y Fe/Al ~0,5. La razón Mo/Al, utilizada como indicador de paleo-oxigenación, permite inferir condiciones reductoras relativamente más intensas en los sedimentos de la Bahía de Mejillones e Iquique que en Concepción. En las tres localidades de muestreo se evidencia una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la abundancia de escamas de anchoveta y el logaritmo de la razón Mo/Al (r²= 0,46; P 1 mg g-1.The relationship between fish scale preservation and variations in the sediment redox conditions on Chile's continental shelf are evaluated herein through fish scale counts and normalized concentrations of redox sensitive elements

  8. Trends in spatio-temporal distribution of Peruvian anchovy and other small pelagic fish biomass from 1966-2009 Tendencias espacio-temporales en la distribución de la biomasa de anchoveta peruana y de otros peces pelágicos pequenos entre 1966 y 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Gutiérrez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Changes in abundance and distribution of anchovy and other species of pelagic fish of the Northern Humboldt Current System (NHCS are driven by environmental forcing variations in different time and spatial scales between the coastal 'cold' ecosystem and the 'warm' oceanic one. Data to study these fluctuations have come mostly from the fishery to show how anchovy (Engraulis ringens increases when sardine (Sardinops sagax declines and vice versa. However, using acoustic data on latitudinal biomass we show that other species as mackerel (Scomber japonicus and jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi also follow the same opposed trend, then the fishery data hides the true dimension of the balance of abundance among species. Based on Hovmoller diagrams we scrutinized the changes in interannual latitudinal acoustic biomass, landings and influence of El Nino events from 1966 to 2009 in order to describe: 1 how the anchovy decadal distribution pattern moved from south to north since the 1960's; 2 how there have been produced concomitant changes in the latitudinal abundance and distribution of other species such as sardine, jack mackerel and mackerel before, during and after El Nino events; and 3 what was the overall effect of the succession of El Nino events on all these pelagic species. We concluded that: a every El Nino event has had an effect on the expansion or contraction of pelagic species distribution and abundance, with different latitudinal effects; and b the El Nino 1997-98 did not trigger but accelerated a decline phase on the abundance of sardine, jack mackerel and mackerel by a reduction of their ideal habitat due to an expansion of the coastal ecosystem caused by a shallower location of the upper limit of the Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ These findings observed using past data might be taken into consideration for fishery management purposes when considering future scenarios.Los cambios en la abundancia y distribución de anchoveta y de otras especies

  9. Al lettore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina La Face

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available «Musica Docta» è una rivista digitale peer reviewed di Pedagogia e Didattica della musica: la promuovono il Dipartimento di Musica e Spettacolo dell’Università di Bologna e l’Associazione culturale «Il Saggiatore musicale / SagGEM».

  10. 论中世纪伪乐对调式发展的作用%The Role of Musica Ficta of the Medieval Period in Development of Modes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽明

    2004-01-01

    文章对盛行于中世纪的伪乐变音现象及它的演变过程进行分析、概括,就伪乐在促进自然音体系调式音阶中导音的形成与终止式的规范化,并最终使调式由从中世纪的十二个教会调式逐渐发展形成为现在的大小调音阶系统展开论述,揭示了伪乐在调式发展中的重要作用.

  11. The Architecture and Acoustics of Casa da Musica in Porto%波尔图音乐厅的建筑与声学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕帅; 燕翔

    2014-01-01

    波尔图音乐厅是本世纪重要而独特的演艺建筑之一,其设计理念与技术手段均赋有独创性.本文以波尔图音乐厅的建筑设计和厅堂音质设计为主要研究内容,进而对其设计理念与艺术成就进行评价分析.

  12. Acoustic Design of “Casa Da Musica in Porto”%波尔图音乐厅建筑声学设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路晓东; 唐建; 祝培生

    2012-01-01

    荷兰波尔图音乐厅作为OMA近期的重要作品,以往的研究多从建筑设计视角展开,对与使用功能密切相关的声学问题未有详细介绍,对此进行了补充.其声学设计借助于计算机模拟及声学缩尺模型实验,对具体问题进行多方案比较研究,并对音乐厅中首次使用大面积玻璃,使用充气式声反射罩等所带来的问题进行了严谨的技术论证.

  13. Wonderful "Container": Interpreting Casa Da Musica in Porto%奇妙的"容器"--解读波尔图音乐厅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支文军; 朱金良

    2006-01-01

    波尔图音乐厅是OMA(大都会建筑师事务所)的又一力作.文中作者结合切身的体验,从建筑的形式、空间、结构以及主创建筑师库哈斯的创作思想等方面对建筑进行了解读.

  14. Experiencia Pedagogica con Adolescentes Paraliticos Cerebrales: La Musica, Un Elemento Rehabilitador (A Pedagogical Experience with Teenage Cerebral Paralytics Using Music as a Rehabilitating Element).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomer, Marta; And Others

    The monograph describes efforts carried out in the Department of Work Therapy of a center for cerebral paralysis in Barcelona, Spain. The rehabilitation program incorporated music and movement in an attempt to develop the musical ear, sensitivity, and a sensorial education. The program stresses rhythm, melody, harmony, voice, musical audition, and…

  15. Pedagogia musical historico-critica : o desafio de uma compreensão da musica atraves da educação escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Luciana Machado

    1995-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciencias da Educação Revisão de literatura sobre os temas Pedagogia Histórico-Crítica e Educação Musical Escolar, direcionada para uma compreensão da música. Defende a necessidade de democratização e socialização dos conteúdos musicais, a todos, através da educação escolar básica. Objetiva refutar o mito do "ouvido musical" como um "dom inato", alem de apresentar argumentos em favor da contribuição da educação music...

  16. MEMORIA DE UNA PIEZA DE MUSICA-TEATRO SOBRE LA BASE DE UN CUENTO RELATIVO A LA PATERNIDAD AUSENTE: HACIA UNA METODOLOGIA DE CRAECION

    OpenAIRE

    FERNANDEZ FRESARD, GALA CATALINA

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto consigna el trabajo de un laboratorio de investigación y experimentación dramatúrgica, musical y escénica, enfocada a la creación de un espectáculo de música-teatro destinado principalmente al grupo etario preescolar (4 a 6 años de edad) y a la realidad chilena actual. Dado que el proyecto cruza temáticas de las áreas del teatro, la música y la psicología infantil, se han explorado los campos teóricos de la narratividad y dramaturgia sobre la base de tex...

  17. Experiencia Pedagogica con Adolescentes Paraliticos Cerebrales: La Musica, Un Elemento Rehabilitador (A Pedagogical Experience with Teenage Cerebral Paralytics Using Music as a Rehabilitating Element).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomer, Marta; And Others

    The monograph describes efforts carried out in the Department of Work Therapy of a center for cerebral paralysis in Barcelona, Spain. The rehabilitation program incorporated music and movement in an attempt to develop the musical ear, sensitivity, and a sensorial education. The program stresses rhythm, melody, harmony, voice, musical audition, and…

  18. Puede afectar la instruccion en musica el desarrollo cognitivo de los ninos? ERIC Digest. (Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development? ERIC Digest).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauscher, Frances H.

    Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Noting that these two sets of findings have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities, this…

  19. El compás en la época del Compendio de Musica de Hernando de Cabezón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Valle, José V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the concepts of measurement, time and beat during the sixteenth century, taken from books of musical theory and practice of the time in Spain and Europe (Glareanus, Ornitoparchus, Bermudo, Marcos Durán, Santa María ..., with the purpose of clarifying our understanding of the señales indiciales , their meaning changes throughout the century and the internal and external rhythmic structure of the works by Antonio de Cabezón, facing the modern performance of this music.Este artículo ofrece un estudio sobre los conceptos de mensura y compás durante el siglo XVI, sacado de libros de teoría y práctica musical de la época en España y Europa (Glareanus, Ornitoparchus, Bermudo, Marcos Durán, Santa María..., con vistas a la comprensión de las señales indiciales, sus cambios de significado a lo largo del siglo y la estructura rítmica interna y externa de las Obras de música de Antonio de Cabezón, de cara a su moderna interpretación.

  20. El compás en la época del Compendio de Musica de Hernando de Cabezón

    OpenAIRE

    González Valle, José V.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study on the concepts of measurement, time and beat during the sixteenth century, taken from books of musical theory and practice of the time in Spain and Europe (Glareanus, Ornitoparchus, Bermudo, Marcos Durán, Santa María ...), with the purpose of clarifying our understanding of the señales indiciales , their meaning changes throughout the century and the internal and external rhythmic structure of the works by Antonio de Cabezón, facing the modern performance of this ...

  1. Inventarium Librorum Musicae: nueva aportación documental sobre el archivo musical de la Catedral de Cuenca (siglos XVII-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Fuente Charfolé, José Luis

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Considering the recovery and study of descriptive documents as a fundamental element of historic and historiographic reconstruction and review of musical practice in general, and cathedral music in particular, is a topic whose value should be increased as a critical manoeuvre. With that purpose, in the present article, transcribed documentation contributes essential data for a qualitative review on the first polyphonic batches —of which we have evidence— written in the Cathedral of Cuenca. It is our understanding that the content of the present inventories transcends simple qualification of scores and certifies that the quality of Cuenca’s music chapel, since the beginning of the 17th century, was comparable to that of other Hispanic chapels of greater notoriety.Considerar la recuperación y estudio de documentos descriptivos un elemento fundamental de la reconstrucción y revisión histórico-historiográfica de la práctica musical en general, y catedralicia en particular, es un tópico que debe revalorizarse como maniobra crítica. A tal efecto, en el presente artículo, la documentación trancrita aporta datos esenciales para la crítica cualitativa de los primeros fondos polifónicos de que hay constancia escrita en la Catedral de Cuenca. A nuestro entender, el contenido de los presentes inventarios trasciende la simple cuantificación de partituras y certifica que la calidad de la capilla musical conquense, desde comienzos del siglo XVII, fue equiparable al de otras capillas hispanas de mayor notoriedad.

  2. Biogeochemical and ecological impacts of boundary currents in the Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Raleigh R.; Beckley, Lynnath E.; Wiggert, Jerry D.

    2017-08-01

    , though local wind forcing can lead to transient near shore current reversals and localized coastal upwelling. The poleward direction of this eastern boundary current is unique. Due to its high kinetic energy the Leeuwin Current sheds anomalous, relatively high chlorophyll, warm-core, downwelling eddies that transport coastal diatom communities westward into open ocean waters. Variations in the Leeuwin transport and eddy generation impact many higher trophic level species including the recruitment and fate of rock lobster (Panulirus cygnus) larvae. In contrast, the transport of the Agulhas Current is very large, with sources derived from the Mozambique Channel, the East Madagascar Current and the southwest Indian Ocean sub-gyre. Dynamically, the Agulhas Current is upwelling favorable; however, the spatial distribution of prominent surface manifestations of upwelling is controlled by local wind and topographic forcing. Meanders and eddies in the Agulhas Current propagate alongshore and interact with seasonal changes in the winds and topographic features. These give rise to seasonally variable localized upwelling and downwelling circulations with commensurate changes in primary production and higher trophic level responses. Due to the strong influence of the Agulhas Current, many neritic fish species in southeast Africa coastal waters have evolved highly selective behaviors and reproductive patterns for successful retention of planktonic eggs and larvae. For example, part of the Southern African sardine (Sardinops sagax) stock undergoes a remarkable northward migration enhanced by transient cyclonic eddies in the shoreward boundary of the Agulhas Current. There is evidence from the paleoceanographic record that these currents and their biogeochemical and ecological impacts have changed significantly over glacial to interglacial timescales. These changes are explored as a means of providing insight into the potential impacts of climate change in the Indian Ocean.

  3. Effects of Climate Change on Sardine Productivity in the California Current System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, T. R.; Auad, G.; Miller, A. J.

    2007-05-01

    The Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax caeruleus) is one of several coastal pelagic, planktivorous species of fish that provide important trophic links within the ecosystems of the major eastern and western boundary currents. Significant and persistent change in sardine productivity has occurred in the California Current over interdecadal periods in response to reorganization of basin-wide, ocean-atmosphere circulation. Less extreme, but still significant changes in sardine productivity are associated with interannual to decadal-scale climate variability. A precipitous decline of the sardine population began in the mid-1940s with a shift in climate leading to cooling of the California Current system. While the decline, and ultimately the collapse of the population, was exacerbated by intensive fishing, the sardine also suffered a severe reduction in productivity with the southward contraction of favorable thermal habitat that led to restriction of the population to the waters off Southern California and Baja California. This southward displacement resulted in geographic separation of the population from the region off central and northern California that is characterized by significantly higher concentrations of zooplankton that supported the previous levels of success in spawning and larval development. The climate shift in 1976-77 led to the recovery of the population and extension of its range of distribution northwards into the waters off British Columbia. The relation of reproductive success of the sardine population to interannual and decadal climate change was examined for the period 1982-2005 using a suite of seasonal indices representing climate processes and habitat conditions (including zooplankton food levels) occurring through the different stages in the sardine life cycle. We used both stepwise regression and EOF analyses to determine the association between levels of recruitment success and seasonal indices of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, Ekman

  4. Effects of Ocean Climate on Transboundary Movement of Coastal Pelagic Resources Between the EEZs of Mexico and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, T. R.; Garcia, J.; Sanchez, C.; Lo, N. C.; Charter, R.

    2007-05-01

    Interannual to multidecadal changes in ocean climate directly impact access to transboundary coastal pelagic resources between fisheries operating in U.S. and Mexican waters. This study provides a preliminary analysis of the scale of year-to-year shifts in the distribution of the Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax caeruleus) with data from 2002 and 2003. One of the purposes of this initiative is to provide a template for collaborative research to guide regional policy development for responsible and sustainable utilization of the shared resource. This work is based on coordinated quarterly ocean surveys run by Mexican (the IMECOCAL program=Investigaciones Mexicanas de la Corriente de California) and U.S. scientists (the CalCOFI program=California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations) allowing us to evaluate the annual state of the pelagic ecosystem from northern California to southern Baja California. The subject of this study is the "subarctic stock" of the Pacific sardine which is centered off California in the U.S. and extends southwards to the region off central Baja California. Estimates of sardine biomass in U.S. and Mexican waters, based on the rates of egg production measured during the IMECOCAL and CalCOFI surveys of April 2002 and April 2003, show order of magnitude differences in the relative proportions of biomass in the Mexican EEZ that is associated with the contrasts in ocean climate resulting from the regional effects of El Niño during April 2003. Results indicate a significant northward shift of the sardine stock off Mexico during 2003: we estimate that approximately 20 percent of the total biomass of the stock was located in the Mexican EEZ during spring of 2002 while the shift in ocean climate resulted in the presence of only 2 percent of the biomass of the stock in Mexican waters during April, 2003. A second, more southerly sardine stock extended from southern to central Baja California in April, 2003, but it was out of reach of the fleet

  5. A música como recurso no cuidado à criança hospitalizada: uma intervenção possível? La musica como recurso en el cuidado al niño hospitalizado: una intervención possible? Musica as a resource in care for hospitalized children: a possible intervention?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Cristina Moreira Ferreira

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico realizado a partir das bases de dados MEDLINE e LILACS e vias não-sistematizadas, no período de 1994 a 2004. Teve como objetivo analisar a produção bibliográfica da enfermagem pediátrica quanto à utilização da música como recurso terapêutico no espaço hospitalar, a fim de identificar o estado do conhecimento desta área nesse campo. Da análise do material empírico, emergiram três unidades de significados: o cenário, as intervenções e as repercussões. Os resultados evidenciaram os benefícios da música para a criança hospitalizada, seus familiares e equipe de saúde e constatou-se que este recurso pode ser utilizado no espaço hospitalar como uma intervenção de baixo custo, não-farmacológica e não-invasiva, promovendo um processo de desenvolvimento que visa à saúde da criança, da família e dos trabalhadores.Se trata de un estudio bibliográfico realizado a partir de bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS y vías no sistematizadas que comprendió el período de 1994 al 2004. Tiene como objetivo analizar la producción bibliográfica relacionada a enfermería pediátrica la música con el fin de identificar el estado del conocimiento en ese campo. Del análisis del material empírico, surgieron tres unidades de significado: el escenario, las intervenciones y las repercusiones. Los resultados evidenciaron los beneficios de la música para el niño hospitalizado, sus familiares y equipo de salud. Verificamos que la música puede ser utilizada en los hospitales como una intervención de bajo costo, no farmacológica y no invasiva, promoviendo los procesos de desarrollo, visualizando la salud del niño, de la familia y de los trabajadores.This bibliographic study involved the Medline and LILACS databases as well as non-systematized searches and covered the period from 1994 to 2004. We aimed to analyze the bibliographic production on pediatric nursing and music, in order to identify current knowledge in this area. Our analysis revealed 3 units of meaning: the setting, interventions and repercussions. The results disclose the benefits music can offer to hospitalized children, their family members and health teams. We observed that music can be used in hospitals as a low-cost, nonpharmacological and noninvasive intervention, promoting development processes with a view to the health of children, families and workers.

  6. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    which feeds primarily on the large populations of sardine. Sardinops .... 1930 and 1971, with the bulk of the construction completed by .... guanay cormorants were best fitted by the equation ..... Clearly, the population dynamics of seabirds in ...

  7. Muusikamaailm / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2007-01-01

    Kevadfestival Budapestis. "Musica Nova" Helsingis. Ensemble Intercontemporain 30. Uudiseid ISCMilt (International Society for Contemporary Music). Philadelphia Muusikaakadeemia 150. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi

  8. Kontserdimajas kõlab brasiilia muusika / Karin Klaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klaus, Karin

    2009-01-01

    2. juulil Pärnu kontsedimaja kammersaalis toimuval kontserdil kavaga Musica Brasileira esineb Brasiilia duo Daniel Marques-Sergio Krakowski koos Eesti laulja-instrumentalisti Ele Raikiga, esinejatest

  9. Muusikamaailm / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2007-01-01

    Kevadfestival Budapestis. "Musica Nova" Helsingis. Ensemble Intercontemporain 30. Uudiseid ISCMilt (International Society for Contemporary Music). Philadelphia Muusikaakadeemia 150. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi

  10. Ostracized Sounds: Notes on Busking Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignazio Macchiarella

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ai nostri giorni la musica da strada pare avere una attrattiva speciale, soprattutto in ambito urbano, in quanto rara occasione per ascoltare una performance dal vivo. In molti apprezzano le performance da strada e si fermano ad ascoltarle: diversamente dalla musica “in scatola” che fuoriesce dagli altoparlanti, la musica dal vivo viene immediatamente percepita come un aspetto dinamico della vita pubblica, al di là della sua qualità tecnico-estetica. Tuttavia, i buskers vengono talvolta banditi e perseguitati dai regolamenti di polizia. Il testo introduce questo specifico ambito del far musica sulla base di una apposita esperienza di ricerca.

  11. Muusikamaailm / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2005-01-01

    Muusikauudiseid maailmast: Festivalidest "Musica Nova" Helsingis, "Maerzmusik" Berliinis; ansambli Haydn Trio tegemistest; Lazar Mermani, Marcello Viotti surmast; uue muusika festivalidest "Archipel", "Klangvisionen", "Merging Voices"

  12. Muusikamaailm / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2005-01-01

    Muusikauudiseid maailmast: Festivalidest "Musica Nova" Helsingis, "Maerzmusik" Berliinis; ansambli Haydn Trio tegemistest; Lazar Mermani, Marcello Viotti surmast; uue muusika festivalidest "Archipel", "Klangvisionen", "Merging Voices"

  13. Kontserdimajas kõlab brasiilia muusika / Karin Klaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klaus, Karin

    2009-01-01

    2. juulil Pärnu kontsedimaja kammersaalis toimuval kontserdil kavaga Musica Brasileira esineb Brasiilia duo Daniel Marques-Sergio Krakowski koos Eesti laulja-instrumentalisti Ele Raikiga, esinejatest

  14. Image quality dependence on image processing software in computed radiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourens Jochemus Strauss

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. Image post-processing gives computed radiography (CR a considerable advantage over film-screen systems. After digitisation of information from CR plates, data are routinely processed using manufacturer-specific software. Agfa CR readers use MUSICA software, and an upgrade with significantly different image appearance was recently released: MUSICA2. Aim. This study quantitatively compares the image quality of images acquired without post-processing (flatfield with images processed using these two software packages. Methods. Four aspects of image quality were evaluated. An aluminium step-wedge was imaged using constant mA at tube voltages varying from 40 to 117kV. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs and contrast-to-noise Ratios (CNRs were calculated from all steps. Contrast variation with object size was evaluated with visual assessment of images of a Perspex contrast-detail phantom, and an image quality figure (IQF was calculated. Resolution was assessed using modulation transfer functions (MTFs. Results. SNRs for MUSICA2 were generally higher than the other two methods. The CNRs were comparable between the two software versions, although MUSICA2 had slightly higher values at lower kV. The flatfield CNR values were better than those for the processed images. All images showed a decrease in CNRs with tube voltage. The contrast-detail measurements showed that both MUSICA programmes improved the contrast of smaller objects. MUSICA2 was found to give the lowest (best IQF; MTF measurements confirmed this, with values at 3.5 lp/mm of 10% for MUSICA2, 8% for MUSICA and 5% for flatfield. Conclusion. Both MUSICA software packages produced images with better contrast resolution than unprocessed images. MUSICA2 has slightly improved image quality than MUSICA.

  15. 12" : Igakuine vinüülitutvustus / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1999-01-01

    Vinüülplaatidest Electro Ct "Metropolis Musica EP", Le Castor ja Chaotik Ramses "Different bass", Le Castor "Metropolis Musica Part 2 EP", DJ Suv EP, Use of Weapons "Mojo Woman"/ Harmonic 33 "Planet Earth", Solid State (State of the Art) "The State of Grace", J Majik "Manhunt"/ "Loaded" ja "Hot Sauce :Chill Funk Records"

  16. 12" : Igakuine vinüülitutvustus / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1999-01-01

    Vinüülplaatidest Electro Ct "Metropolis Musica EP", Le Castor ja Chaotik Ramses "Different bass", Le Castor "Metropolis Musica Part 2 EP", DJ Suv EP, Use of Weapons "Mojo Woman"/ Harmonic 33 "Planet Earth", Solid State (State of the Art) "The State of Grace", J Majik "Manhunt"/ "Loaded" ja "Hot Sauce :Chill Funk Records"

  17. Area Assessment: Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-24

    teachers: 67 Number of students: 3,500 SCHOOL OF ART AND MUSIC: . . CONSERVATORIO NACIONAL DE MUSICA (National Academy of Music) Emancipacion 180 as...Academia National de Musica Alcedo, present name 1946, autonomous since 1966 Specialized Library: 8,000 vols, and record library ESCUELA NACIONAL

  18. A Byzantine chant collection from Sicily: a collaboration between Copenhagen and Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanfratello, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to give an account of the collaboration between a collector of the Byzantine chant tradition of Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo) in Sicily, namely fr. Bartolomeo Di Salvo, and the editorial board of the Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, i.e. an institution under the aegis......, Collections, Ethnomusicology, Critical edition, Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae (MMB)...

  19. Johann Gottlieb Naumann und die Oper in Kopenhagen (1785/86)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2006-01-01

    Operareform i København; første dansksprogede "stor opera": Orfeus og Eurydice; organiseret operafejde; Naumann og "musica religiosa" i København......Operareform i København; første dansksprogede "stor opera": Orfeus og Eurydice; organiseret operafejde; Naumann og "musica religiosa" i København...

  20. 从利盖蒂作品《音乐探索》探讨钢琴演奏的处理方式%To Explore the Processing Mode of Piano Performing of Ligeti's Musica ricercate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何轶

    2014-01-01

    奥地利籍匈牙利犹太后裔利盖蒂是20世纪最具有代表性的先锋派作曲家之一.利盖蒂于1951-1953年创作的《音乐探索》,是早期带有明显“探索”意味的作品范例,并对他后期风格的逐渐形成影响深远.该文从钢琴演奏的角度出发,详细阐述作为演奏者在二度创作中通过对作品形式、素材、结构方式、表现手法等诸多方面进行分析比较,梳理归类,通过论证作品结构的内在逻辑和演奏处理两者之间的必然关系,探寻通过作品形态特征准确有效地判断指引演奏处理,进而转化为合理而富于创造力的演奏特征和音响表达.

  1. 二胡曲《吉普赛之歌》作品与演奏析要%A Brief Analysis of the Composition & Performance of the Erhu Music"A song of Gypsy"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铃

    2001-01-01

    @@ 二胡曲(亦名,以下简称曲),由西班牙萨拉萨蒂的同名小提琴曲移植而来.为了在演奏中能更准确、更深刻地表达这首名曲的风格和内涵,理当对吉普赛民族及其音乐、该曲的作者、创作背景、作品特色以及音乐家对该曲的评价有一定的了解,这是当今二胡演奏家和教育家们的共识.

  2. Reflexión sobre algunos problemas de semitonía subintelecta (musica ficta) en la música de Cabezón a partir de las fuentes vihuelísticas

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Ripoll, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Accidentals are not always precisely indicated in old Spanish sources for Keyboard music, either for neglect or for this corresponds to the usual practice of not indicating them, letting them to performer’s opinion (semitonía subintelecta). As a way to find a solution to the resulting problem for performance practice, the purpose is to examine similar settings in contemporary works for vihuela, since tablature for this instrument actually reflects the precise pitch of the notes.Las antiguas f...

  3. Reflexión sobre algunos problemas de semitonía subintelecta (musica ficta en la música de Cabezón a partir de las fuentes vihuelísticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal Ripoll, Miguel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Accidentals are not always precisely indicated in old Spanish sources for Keyboard music, either for neglect or for this corresponds to the usual practice of not indicating them, letting them to performer’s opinion (semitonía subintelecta. As a way to find a solution to the resulting problem for performance practice, the purpose is to examine similar settings in contemporary works for vihuela, since tablature for this instrument actually reflects the precise pitch of the notes.Las antiguas fuentes españolas para tecla no siempre indican con precisión las alteraciones accidentales, bien por omisión, bien por responder a la práctica habitual de no indicarlas, dejándolas al juicio del intérprete (semitonía subintelecta. Para resolver el consiguiente problema para la práctica interpretativa, se propone examinar situaciones similares en las obras contemporáneas para vihuela, pues la tablatura de este instrumento refleja la altura precisa de las notas.

  4. 艺术传播与流行音乐--以周杰伦歌曲创作为例%Art Communication and Popular Music---A Study of Jay Chou ’ s Composition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓红

    2013-01-01

    Popular music , as an important category of contemporary art , its communication means are totally different from the ones in traditional society .The effect of art communication in modern commercial society is not simply deter-mined by the level of art , but also influenced by communication means and communication skills .The popularity of Jay Chou ’ s composition is a classic case of the modern art .His success derives from his musical talent , sense of innovation , the ability of capturing young people ’ s emotional characteristics and appreciation habits and then integrating them into his creation .Meanwhile , Yang Junrong , his music broker ’ s excellent business operation is an indispensable factor to his success .%流行音乐作为当代艺术的一个重要门类,其传播方式和手段与传统社会大相径庭。现代商业社会的艺术传播,其效果不只是单纯由艺术水平来决定,而是由传播手段、传播方式与传播技巧等各种因素共同作用的结果。周杰伦歌曲创作的流行不失为现代艺术传播的经典案例。他的成功,除了他的音乐天赋之外,还在于他的创新意识,并善于体味和捕捉同时代年轻人的情感特点和欣赏习惯,将其融入自己的创作之中。同时其经纪人杨峻荣出色的商业运作,也是他获得巨大成功不可或缺的因素。

  5. A method to optimize the processing algorithm of a computed radiography system for chest radiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, C S; Liney, G P; Beavis, A W; Saunderson, J R

    2007-09-01

    A test methodology using an anthropomorphic-equivalent chest phantom is described for the optimization of the Agfa computed radiography "MUSICA" processing algorithm for chest radiography. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in the lung, heart and diaphragm regions of the phantom, and the "system modulation transfer function" (sMTF) in the lung region, were measured using test tools embedded in the phantom. Using these parameters the MUSICA processing algorithm was optimized with respect to low-contrast detectability and spatial resolution. Two optimum "MUSICA parameter sets" were derived respectively for maximizing the CNR and sMTF in each region of the phantom. Further work is required to find the relative importance of low-contrast detectability and spatial resolution in chest images, from which the definitive optimum MUSICA parameter set can then be derived. Prior to this further work, a compromised optimum MUSICA parameter set was applied to a range of clinical images. A group of experienced image evaluators scored these images alongside images produced from the same radiographs using the MUSICA parameter set in clinical use at the time. The compromised optimum MUSICA parameter set was shown to produce measurably better images.

  6. Intervencion psicomotriz en el area personal/social de un grupo de educacion preescolar

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rubio Ponce, Rocio; Garcia Fernandez, David Arnoldo; Cervantes Hernandez, Natanael

    2011-01-01

    ... con el adulto, autoconcepto, interaccion con los companeros, colaboracion y rol social a traves de la aplicacion de un programa de intervencion psicomotriz con base en el juego, utilizando musica...

  7. Lydia Rahula kasvatas pojast ideaalmehe / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2009-01-01

    Tšehhimaal Olomoucis toimunud koorifestivalil "Musica Religiosa" kuldmedalid pälvinud kooride dirigentidest: Tallinna Poistekoori dirigendist Lydia Rahulast ja tema pojast, Tallinna Poistekoori meeskoori dirigendist Tomi Rahulast

  8. Gorecki: Euntes Ibant et Flebant / Ivan Moody

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moody, Ivan

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Gorecki: Euntes Ibant et Flebant, Op. 32. Totus tuus, Op. 60. Amen, Op. 35; Pärt, Arvo: Magnificat. Summa; Travener, John: The Annunciation a. o. Oxford Musica Singers / Michael Smedley" Proud Sound CD PROUCD 136

  9. Prokofiev: The Fiery Angel.Gösta Ohlin Vocal Ensemble / David J. Fanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fanning, David J.

    1991-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Prokofiev: The Fiery Angel.Gösta Ohlin Vocal Ensemble, Gothenburg Pro Musica Chamber Choir and Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi" DG CD 431 669-2 GH2 (two discs, nas:118 minutes:DDD)

  10. Urmas Ott tegutseb nüüd kirjastusrindel / Eve Heinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Eve, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Mais ilmub Marie Underi luulekogu, koostajaks Urmas Ott ja suvel 2007 Neeme Järvi juubelikogumik "Viva la Musica", mille kokkupanekul on teleajakirjanik abiks. Kirjastuse SE&JS kaasomanik Sirje Endre tutvustab

  11. Lydia Rahula kasvatas pojast ideaalmehe / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2009-01-01

    Tšehhimaal Olomoucis toimunud koorifestivalil "Musica Religiosa" kuldmedalid pälvinud kooride dirigentidest: Tallinna Poistekoori dirigendist Lydia Rahulast ja tema pojast, Tallinna Poistekoori meeskoori dirigendist Tomi Rahulast

  12. Urmas Ott tegutseb nüüd kirjastusrindel / Eve Heinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Eve, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Mais ilmub Marie Underi luulekogu, koostajaks Urmas Ott ja suvel 2007 Neeme Järvi juubelikogumik "Viva la Musica", mille kokkupanekul on teleajakirjanik abiks. Kirjastuse SE&JS kaasomanik Sirje Endre tutvustab

  13. Gorecki: Euntes Ibant et Flebant / Ivan Moody

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moody, Ivan

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Gorecki: Euntes Ibant et Flebant, Op. 32. Totus tuus, Op. 60. Amen, Op. 35; Pärt, Arvo: Magnificat. Summa; Travener, John: The Annunciation a. o. Oxford Musica Singers / Michael Smedley" Proud Sound CD PROUCD 136

  14. Kolm plaati eesti klassikast : Cyrillus Kreegi "Requiemi" kaks ettekanet ja "Eesti heliloojad V" / Kerri Kotta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotta, Kerri, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus : Kreek, Cyrillus. Requiem. Musica sacra. Tampere : Alba, 2007. Kreek, Cyrillus. Requiem. Tõnu Kõrvits. Kreegi vihik. [Tallinn] : Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, 2008. Eesti heliloojad V. Tallinn : Eesti Rahvusringhääling, 2008

  15. Ükski minut, mis inimene muusikaga tegeleb, ei ole raisatud / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2008-01-01

    Püha Miikaeli Poistekoorist ja Kadri Hundist, kes on Vanalinna Hariduskolleegiumi muusikakooli juures tegutsev dirigent. 12.-18. märtsini osales poistekoor festivalil Musica Religiosa Olomouc 2008, kus gregooriuse laulu kategoorias võideti kuldmedal

  16. Prokofiev: The Fiery Angel.Gösta Ohlin Vocal Ensemble / David J. Fanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fanning, David J.

    1991-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Prokofiev: The Fiery Angel.Gösta Ohlin Vocal Ensemble, Gothenburg Pro Musica Chamber Choir and Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi" DG CD 431 669-2 GH2 (two discs, nas:118 minutes:DDD)

  17. Vasks: Cantabile per archi, Paul Mägi / Bernhard Uske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uske, Bernhard

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Vasks: Cantabile per archi; Botschaft: Musica Dolorosa, Sinfonie für Streicher (Stimmen). Latvijas Nicionalais Simfoniskais Orkestris, Latvijas Filharmonijas Kamerorkestris. Pauls Megi [Paul Mägi]", Tovijs Lifsics. Wergo CD 6220-2

  18. Gustos musicales: de una sociologia de la mediacion a una pragmatica del gusto

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hennion, Antoine

    ...; lo que simultaneamente produce las competencias de un amante de la musica y un repertorio de objetos. Explicar el gusto exige que el sociologo se concentre en los gestos, los objetos, los cuerpos, los medios, los dispositivos...

  19. Kolm plaati eesti klassikast : Cyrillus Kreegi "Requiemi" kaks ettekanet ja "Eesti heliloojad V" / Kerri Kotta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotta, Kerri, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus : Kreek, Cyrillus. Requiem. Musica sacra. Tampere : Alba, 2007. Kreek, Cyrillus. Requiem. Tõnu Kõrvits. Kreegi vihik. [Tallinn] : Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, 2008. Eesti heliloojad V. Tallinn : Eesti Rahvusringhääling, 2008

  20. Ükski minut, mis inimene muusikaga tegeleb, ei ole raisatud / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2008-01-01

    Püha Miikaeli Poistekoorist ja Kadri Hundist, kes on Vanalinna Hariduskolleegiumi muusikakooli juures tegutsev dirigent. 12.-18. märtsini osales poistekoor festivalil Musica Religiosa Olomouc 2008, kus gregooriuse laulu kategoorias võideti kuldmedal

  1. 基于建构主义学习理论的幼儿科学活动分析--以中班科学活动《纸板顶顶乐》为例%Children's Scientific Activities Analysis Based on Constructivist Learning Theory--Take Intermediate Class Scientific Activity"Cardboard Dingding Music"as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田方

    2014-01-01

    According to the spirit of"guide", science education in kindergarten should be a guide and promote early child-hood learning activities and processes. Core value lies in early childhood science education so that children can"Love to learn"and"good at learning"constitutes science education goals should be to solve the problem of young children to explore the thinking process and the development process for clues. This article will be based in the field of science core"explore"and"Guide,"and with constructivist learning theory to analyze the case"cardboard Dingding music", to promote the organ-ization and implementation of the majority of kindergarten teachers reflect on self-inquiry-based science activities.%根据《指南》精神,幼儿园的科学教育应成为引导和促进幼儿学习的活动和过程。幼儿科学教育的核心价值在于使幼儿能够“乐学”和“会学”,科学教育目标的构成应以幼儿探究解决问题的思维过程和发展进程为线索。本文将立足《指南》中科学领域“探究”的核心,结合建构主义学习理论来分析案例《纸板顶顶乐》,促进广大教师反思幼儿园自主探究式科学活动的组织与实施。

  2. Analytical Report on Ligeti's Piano Music——Musica Ricercata%继承传统植根民族探索创新——里盖蒂钢琴作品《莱切卡组曲》分析报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑艳丽

    2009-01-01

    是里盖蒂早期创新意识极强的一部钢琴作品,由11个不同段落组成.整个作品以音乐创意的探索性和音高材料的有序化体现出自身的风格特征,清晰地展示出作曲家所追求的一种"超越"精神,通过对音材料的精心设计和安排,显示了娴熟的作曲技巧以及对音乐结构的控制能力.在以对位原则为基础的Ricercata这一古老的音乐体裁中,独特的创意、新颖的音响,构建起作品的结构形式关系,展现出音乐的个性魅力.

  3. An Introduction to the Undergraduate Curriculum in Conservatorio di Musica "G.B.Martini" and its Inspiration to the Higher Teachers' Education in China%博洛尼亚音乐学院钢琴本科课程设置带给我们的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙雷雷

    2009-01-01

    @@ 博洛尼亚音乐学院,全称是博洛尼亚-乔瓦尼·巴尔蒂斯塔·马尔蒂尼音乐学院,坐落在意大利北部艾米利亚-罗马涅大区的地方首府博洛尼业,是意大利重要的文化、艺术和科学中心之一,也是高等学府集巾地,以拥有世界上最占老的大学而著称于世.博洛尼亚音乐学院是意大利著名的8所国立音乐学院之一,有强人的师资队伍,目前钢琴系拥有10名土科教授,其中6位教授和4位副教授,另外有6名副科教师和5名钢琴伴奏.

  4. Musica e metropoli. I flussi urbani del funk carioca tra i morro, l’asfalto e il largo di Rio de Janeiro - Music and metropolis. The urban flows of carioca funk among the morro, the asfalto and the largo in Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizia Tinti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the 70’s, American funk and Miami Bass music genres have been incorporated into the soundscape of Rio de Janeiro. They crossed national boundaries and reached marginal areas of the metropolis – which I call “morro” (hills hosting the favelas – where they turned funk carioca. Along the 80’s and 90’s, this new Brazilian music genre has been subject to conflicting processes of commercialization and discrimination. Funk carioca has spread all the way to the city and in the mass media, but at the same time it has been stigmatized as a violent and dangerous borderline culture: it was reaching and endangering the “asphalt” – the way Carioca people refer to the flat areas inhabited by middle and upper social classes. From 2000 on, some social movements claimed acknowledgement of the music genre as a positive carioca feature and cultural expression, organizing funk parties (bailes funk in emblematic public places, such as Largo da Carioca. Considering funk carioca as a fluid which crossed international and national boundaries, this paper’s aim is to analyze the “urban flows” it has been drawing in the social and urban texture of Rio. It puts at stake the historical trajectory funk carioca outlined through the milieus of morro, asfalto and largo. Hence, the ethnographic and comparative description of bailes funk suggests that funk carioca has not undergone a straightforward trajectory, but a synchronic, fluid and dispersive diffusion: it finally reached the largo, but it is still present both on morro and asfalto, where bailes funk differ but still coexist.

  5. 世界音乐视野中的再定位:中国音乐史实验性研究思路新探%Repositioning in the Context of World Music:A New Exploration of Experimental Research on Chinese Music Historiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康瑞军

    2014-01-01

    Seen from a historical viewpoint , the “culture space” of Chinese music has been en-larged gradually , while its “world color” became more and more distinctive.Within this kind of context , the traditional Chinese music historiography has laid more emphasis on the past-present , el-egant-secular and China-foreign issues than the “world identity” of Chinese music.Therefore , the research ideas and practices have always shown much more nationalism instead of internationalism .Based on both theoretical and practical thinking , this essay presents a new perspective of how to ex-ert a Chinese-International dual angle of view to conduct research practice , which will definitely benefit the Chinese music historiography in the very near future.%由古及今,中国音乐的“文化空间”不断拓展,“世界性色彩”日渐丰厚,辗转沉淀为多元一体的音乐文化样式。传统中国音乐史学侧重采取自内而外的本位立场,其学术实践多体现为历时脉络中音乐事项的铺陈与归纳,较多关注中国音乐自身的“古今”、“雅俗”、“中外”问题,尚少有研究从世界音乐发展变动格局的客位立场中审视中国音乐自身的形态表现和文化特质。本文尝试以世界音乐历史发展为背景,提倡采取一种从中国音乐与世界音乐文化深度关联中开展研究的新思路,以期尽可能弱化以往学术实践中的民族主义叙事心态,以积极姿态与当代全球化音乐环境和前沿性国际学术成果产生有效互动,为中国音乐史学的实验性研究提供新的参照。

  6. Efeito da música no trabalho de parto e no recém-nascido Efecto de la musica en el trabajo de parto y en el recién nacido Effect of the music in labor and newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Sotilo Tabarro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A música tem sido aplicada para o equilíbrio de energias alteradas pelo stress do mundo moderno. Este estudo objetivou verificar o efeito da música no trabalho de parto e no recém-nascido, quando submetido às mesmas melodias ouvidas por suas mães na gestação. Gestantes, usuárias de Unidades Básicas de Saúde, foram submetidas a sessões de sensibilização musical a partir do quinto mês de gestação. Durante o trabalho de parto, a parturiente foi submetida às melodias selecionadas por ela, com interrupções de 30 minutos a cada duas horas. Os dados foram coletados em três entrevistas realizadas após o parto, em diferentes momentos, e o discurso obtido foi analisado qualitativamente. Constatou-se, pelo conteúdo das falas, que a música minimizou os desconfortos do trabalho de parto e facilitou a adaptação do bebê nos primeiros meses de vida.La música ha sido aplicada para el equilibrio de las energías alteradas por el estrés del mundo moderno. Este estudio tuvo por objetivo verificar el efecto de la música en el trabajo de parto y en el recién nacido cuando es expuesto a las mismas melodías oídas por sus madres durante el embarazo. Mujeres embarazadas atendidas en Unidades Básicas de Salud fueron expuestas a períodos de sensibilización musical a partir del quinto mes de embarazo. Durante el trabajo de parto, la parturienta escuchó las melodías elegidas por ella misma, con interrupciones de 30 minutos cada dos horas. Los datos fueron recolectados en tres entrevistas realizadas en diferentes momentos; las respuestas obtenidas fueron analizadas cualitativamente. Los autores constataron en las respuestas a las entrevistas que la música minimizó las incomodidades del trabajo de parto y facilitó la adaptación del bebé en sus primeros meses de vida.Music has been applied for balancing energies that have been disturbed by the stress of modern life. The objective of the present study was to verify the effect of music in labor and on the newborn, when submitted to the same melodies heard by their own mothers during pregnancy. Pregnant women, Health Center users, were submitted to musical sensitization sessions since their fifth month of pregnancy. During labor, the melodies previously selected by the pregnant women were played all the time with a thirty-minute break for every two hours of music. Data collection was performed through interviews performed after labor, at different moments, and the mother' statements were qualitatively analyzed. According to the women's words, music minimized the distress of labor and made it easier for the baby to adjust in the first months of life.

  7. For a Child, Life is a Creative Adventure: Supporting Development and Learning through Art, Music, Movement, and Dialogue. A Guide for Parents and Professionals. = Para los ninos, la vida es una aventura creativa: Como estimular el desarrollo y el aprendizaje por medio de las artes visuales, la musica, el movimiento y el dialogo. Guia para padres de familia y profesionales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elena

    Recognizing that creativity facilitates children's learning and development, the Head Start Program Performance Standards require Head Start programs to include opportunities for creative self-expression. This guide with accompanying videotape, both in English- and Spanish- language versions, encourages and assists adults to support children's…

  8. [CONTATTI SONORI] Micro-variazioni audiovisive e forma-processo. Analisi semiotica di "Koyaanisqatsi" di Godfrey Reggio e Philip Glass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano Battistini

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Uno degli esiti più importanti del minimalismo storico, inteso come corrente musicale colta occidentale, è l’apertura alle altre arti. Il motivo di questo ”contatto”, tra musica minimalista e arti audiovisive (cinema e performative (teatro, danza, opera è da ricercare nella struttura stessa della musica minimalista: i suoi specifici stilemi linguistici la rendono particolarmente adatta non solo a supportare immagini e situazioni narrative, ma a divenire vero principio organizzatore di essi, dettando ritmo, continuità, coerenza semantica. Ciò accade ad esempio nel film Koyaanisqatsi, creato a sei mani da Godfrey Reggio (regia, Philip Glass (musiche e Ron Fricke (fotografia e riprese. Uscito nel 1982, Koyaanisqatsi suscitò l’attenzione di critica e pubblico per il suo saper narrare la “natura tecnologica” dell’uomo attraverso una sinfonia audiovisiva di immagini e musica senza parlato. L’efficacia comunicativa di tale opera si può spiegare attraverso una particolare organizzazione narrativa e temporale che scaturisce dal gioco di giustapposizione delle immagini insieme allo scorrere continuo, più o meno intenso, più o meno fluido, della musica: una forma-processo audiovisiva nata dal sincretismo delle micro-variazioni musicali con le tecniche visive dello slow motion e del time-lapse. Tenteremo di spiegare questo particolare tipo di “contatto” tra musica e immagini attraverso un’analisi semiotica del film, portando alla luce il ruolo chiave che la musica di Glass ha avuto per il suo successo.

  9. 德国科隆古乐团广州献艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车厘子

    2006-01-01

    由专注于巴洛克时期音乐研究的音乐大师戈贝尔(Reinhar Goebel)于1973年创立的科隆古乐团(Musica Antique Cologne,德文名称为“Musica Antiqua Kin”,以下简称为MAK),成立三十三年来,坚持古法酿造巴洛克音乐,其演奏技巧备受各界肯定。

  10. Pelo gramofone: a cultura da gravação e a sonoridade do samba (1917-1971)

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Edson Cardoso Filho

    2008-01-01

    As possibilidades de gravação e reprodução sonoras, introduzidas a partir do fonógrafo de Thomas Edison, trouxeram mudanças significativas na forma como as pessoas produzem e ouvem musica. No Brasil, as gravações comerciais em disco iniciaram-se em 1902 e, desde então, as praticas de musica popular principal produto da indústria do discotiveram que se adaptar `a cultura da gravação aqui desenvolvida. O dialogo entre as tecnologias de gravação e as manifestações musicais brasileiras produzira...

  11. Uudised : Kuressaare ooperipäevad. Kaljuste koor Portugalis. Juha Kangas jätkab koostööd. Sibeliuse akadeemia üliõpilaskontsert / Imbi Tarum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarum, Imbi

    2001-01-01

    26.-29. juulini toimuvatest Kuressaare Ooperipäevadest. EFK esines Lissabonis vene muusika festivalil "Festa da Musica Russa". 27. apr. allkirjastati leping TKO ja J. Kangase koostööks hooajal 2001/ 2002. 6. mail esinevad Sibeliuse Akadeemia üliõpilased kammermuusika-kavaga Adamson-Ericu muuseumis

  12. Mobile Phone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    籍万杰

    2004-01-01

    Your mobile phone rings.and instead of usual electronic signals,it's playing your favorite music.A friend sends your favorite song to cheer you up.One day,a record company might forward new records and music videos to your phone.

  13. Eesti noortekoorid rahvusvahelistel konkurssidel / Aarne Saluveer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saluveer, Aarne, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti noortekooride saavutustest kahel rahvusvahelisel suurüritusel: 13.-16.04 toimus 9. Budapesti rahvusvaheline koorikonkurss Interkultur Musica Mundi sarjas, koorikonkursist 30.04-3.05 Vilniuses. Ülevaate XXIV üldlaulupeo lastekooride kavast

  14. From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres; Barkauskas: Partita; Vasks: Musica Dolorosa; Pelecis: Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Orchestra, "Neverthless"; Plakidis: Two Grasshopper Dances; Tüür: Conversio. Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie, Gidon Kremer (violon), Vadim Sacharov (piano)" Teldec 0630-14654-2 (79 minutes:DDD)

  15. O processo de ensino-aprendizagem Apinayé através da confecção de seus instrumentos musicais

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodrigues, Walace

    2015-01-01

    In this research I seek to establish a dialogue between ethnomusicology (more specifically indigenous organology), the anthropology of art and the culture of the Apinayé peoples, in order to understand how the musical objects of these peoples are learned and taught, and thus to understand its musica

  16. From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie / Rob Cowan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cowan, Rob

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres; Barkauskas: Partita; Vasks: Musica Dolorosa; Pelecis: Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Orchestra, "Neverthless"; Plakidis: Two Grasshopper Dances; Tüür: Conversio. Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie. Teldec 0630-14654-2 (79 minutes:DDD)

  17. Towards a semiotics of listening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Leeuwen, Theo

    2014-01-01

    A study of listening as active participation, focusing on the use of listening shots in films and piano and drums accompaniment in jazz music......A study of listening as active participation, focusing on the use of listening shots in films and piano and drums accompaniment in jazz music...

  18. From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie / Rob Cowan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cowan, Rob

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres; Barkauskas: Partita; Vasks: Musica Dolorosa; Pelecis: Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Orchestra, "Neverthless"; Plakidis: Two Grasshopper Dances; Tüür: Conversio. Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie. Teldec 0630-14654-2 (79 minutes:DDD)

  19. From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "From my Home: Dvarionas: Elegie; Pärt: Fratres; Barkauskas: Partita; Vasks: Musica Dolorosa; Pelecis: Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Orchestra, "Neverthless"; Plakidis: Two Grasshopper Dances; Tüür: Conversio. Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie, Gidon Kremer (violon), Vadim Sacharov (piano)" Teldec 0630-14654-2 (79 minutes:DDD)

  20. JEAN-JACQUES EIGELDINGER, Chopin visto dai suoi allievi, a cura di Costantino Mastroprimiano, Roma, Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Rostagno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’accurata raccolta e sistemazione di testimonianze scritte riguardanti Chopin, attuata da Eigeldinger, si rivela utile su entrambi i piani storico e didattico-pedagogico. Importante punto di riferimento per la didattica strumentale e per la didattica della musica in generale, il volume offre dettagliate e approfondite informazioni su aspetti peculiari del pensiero compositivo chopiniano.

  1. Plaadid : Pop& rock. Etno. Klassika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Radiohead "I Might Be Wrong", Spears, Britney "Britney", Mick Jagger "Goddess In The Doorway", DMX "The Great Depression", Alcazar "Casino", Ben & Jason "Ten Songs About You", Rachid Taha "Live", ABBA "The Definitive Collection", James Last "Plays ABBA Greatest Hits", Musica Fiata Köln/Roland Wison "Rosenmüller-Requiem"

  2. Muusikamaailm : Schleswig-Holsteini festival 2001. Peter Sellars lavastab Bachi kantaate. Taas uus Soome ooper. Henze festival Londonis. Uus film Maria Callasest / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Schleswig-Holsteini suvisest muusikafestivalist 7.VII-2.IX 2001. a. New Yorgis tuli esiettekandele P. Sellarsi lavastatud etendus Bachi kantaatidest. Uue muusika festivalil "Musica Nova" Helsingis tuli esiettekandele T. Länsiö ooper "Sulka". H. W. Henze 75. juubelit tähistatakse Londonis festivaliga "Voices". F.Zeffirelli lavastab filmi M. Callasest

  3. Muusikamaailm : Schleswig-Holsteini festival 2001. Peter Sellars lavastab Bachi kantaate. Taas uus Soome ooper. Henze festival Londonis. Uus film Maria Callasest / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Schleswig-Holsteini suvisest muusikafestivalist 7.VII-2.IX 2001. a. New Yorgis tuli esiettekandele P. Sellarsi lavastatud etendus Bachi kantaatidest. Uue muusika festivalil "Musica Nova" Helsingis tuli esiettekandele T. Länsiö ooper "Sulka". H. W. Henze 75. juubelit tähistatakse Londonis festivaliga "Voices". F.Zeffirelli lavastab filmi M. Callasest

  4. Per uno studio sul lessico latino della Harmonica Disciplina

    OpenAIRE

    Petretto, Maria Alessandra

    2003-01-01

    Nell'arco degli ultimi tre lustri è innegabile la ricca fioritura di studi intorno alla cultura musicale greca ed ellenistico-romana. Il carattere eterogeneo delle fonti ha determinato prospettive differenti per indagare i vari settori interessati dalla musica, come emergerà dalla seguente, breve rassegna dei contributi più recenti.

  5. Tex-Mex music

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pena, Manuel

    1991-01-01

    ... Americans of Mexican descent, only in Texas do we find such deep and robust folk traditions as those embodied in musica tejana, or "Tex-Mex" music. In fact, the Texas-Mexicans have developed two distinctive musical traditions, each with its preferred instruments and style, whose influence extends far beyond the Texas borders: the conjunto (also kn...

  6. Creative Minds: The Search for the Reconciling Principles of Science, the Humanities, Arts and Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    England, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Since before the time of writers such as Plato in his "Republic" and "Timaeus"; Martianus Capella in "The Marriage of Mercury and Philology"; Boethius in "De institutione musica"; Kepler in "The Harmony of the Universe"; and many others, there have been attempts to reconcile the various disciplines in the sciences, arts, humanities, and religion…

  7. CERN choir

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Don't forget a special performance of Joseph Haydn's Creation, an oratorio in three parts, given by the CERN choir and the Annecy choir Pro Musica, this Sunday at 8.30 p.m. at the Grand Casino. Tickets (38 CHF) are available at Fnac Rive and Balexert.

  8. Byzantine Neumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    musikeksempler med transskription til moderne linjenotation og en detaljeret bibliografi. Bogen er tænkt som en opdatering og uddybning af H.J.W. Tillyards Handbook of the Middle Byzantine Musical Notation (København 1935), en af de første udgivelser i serien Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae. Udgivelsen opsummerer...

  9. Uudised : Kuressaare ooperipäevad. Kaljuste koor Portugalis. Juha Kangas jätkab koostööd. Sibeliuse akadeemia üliõpilaskontsert / Imbi Tarum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarum, Imbi

    2001-01-01

    26.-29. juulini toimuvatest Kuressaare Ooperipäevadest. EFK esines Lissabonis vene muusika festivalil "Festa da Musica Russa". 27. apr. allkirjastati leping TKO ja J. Kangase koostööks hooajal 2001/ 2002. 6. mail esinevad Sibeliuse Akadeemia üliõpilased kammermuusika-kavaga Adamson-Ericu muuseumis

  10. Byzantine Neumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    musikeksempler med transskription til moderne linjenotation og en detaljeret bibliografi. Bogen er tænkt som en opdatering og uddybning af H.J.W. Tillyards Handbook of the Middle Byzantine Musical Notation (København 1935), en af de første udgivelser i serien Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae. Udgivelsen opsummerer...

  11. Akadeemilised üksused : klaveriosakond / Ivari Ilja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilja, Ivari, 1959-

    2010-01-01

    Helmi Valtmani stipendiumi sai Jaan Ots. Ksenia Obezhisvet pälvis diplomi rahvusvahelisel festival-konkursil Musica Classica. Mihkel Poll sooritas eriti edukalt bakalaureuseeksami ja andis välja sooloplaadi. Realiseerus 3 muusikakõrgkooli ühisprojekt (Läti Muusikaakadeemia, Sibeliuse Akadeemia ja EMTA). Bruno Luki 100. sünniaastapäeva tähistamine.

  12. Hindemith, Paul: "Complete sonatas for Solo Instrument and Piano" / Michel Roubinet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roubinet, Michel

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Hindemith, Paul: "Complete sonatas for Solo Instrument and Piano", vol. 6. Sonate pour trompette et piano. Sonates pour orgue nos 1 a 3. Sonate pour cor et piano. Ensemble Villa Musica: Kalle Randalu (piano)" MDG "Gold" 304 0696-2, distr. Media 7 (CD:160F)

  13. Hindemith, Paul: "Complete sonatas for Solo Instrument and Piano" / Michel Roubinet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roubinet, Michel

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Hindemith, Paul: "Complete sonatas for Solo Instrument and Piano", vol. 6. Sonate pour trompette et piano. Sonates pour orgue nos 1 a 3. Sonate pour cor et piano. Ensemble Villa Musica: Kalle Randalu (piano)" MDG "Gold" 304 0696-2, distr. Media 7 (CD:160F)

  14. Música pra pensar. Rap e identità afrolusitana nella periferia di Lisbona

    OpenAIRE

    Ranocchiari, Dario

    2015-01-01

    Tesi di laurea in etnomusicologia (a.a. 2004-2005) sull'uso della musica rap come catalizzatore identitario tra figli di migranti africani a Lisbona (Portogallo). In particolare, si centra sulla figura del rapper Chullage e sul lavoro dell'associazione Khapaz di Arrentela con i giovani di Arrentela (Grande Lisboa). 

  15. 环境设计的艺术语意研究(一)--浅析艺术语意“诗情、画意、乐语”%The Reserch in Essence of Environment Art Design(Ⅰ)"The Affection of Poetry,the Meaning of Painting,and the Language of Music"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄嵩

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is trying to introduce"the affection of poetry, the meaning of painting, and the language of music"as the essence of environment art design.%院介绍分析环境艺术设计语意的三种类型:“诗情”“画意”“乐语”。

  16. Cuento: la vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel López Gómez

    1965-11-01

    Full Text Available Estanza: A lo lejos se oyen musicas marciales que se van apagando en la distancia. Es el ejército que marcha a la guerra. Pablo y Luis - jóvenes esposos de Lola y Paulina- marchan dentro de la columna. Ellas no pueden verlos ya pero hablan y suspiran por ellos.

  17. Intercomparison of in-situ and remote sensing δD signals in tropospheric water vapour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Matthias; González, Yenny; Dyroff, Christoph; Christner, Emanuel; García, Omaira; Wiegele, Andreas; Andrey, Javier; Barthlott, Sabine; Blumenstock, Thomas; Guirado, Carmen; Hase, Frank; Ramos, Ramon; Rodríguez, Sergio; Sepúveda, Eliezer

    2014-05-01

    The main mission of the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) is the generation of a quasi-global tropospheric water vapour isototopologue dataset of a good and well-documented quality. We present a first empirical validation of MUSICA's remote sensing δD products (ground-based FTIR within NDACC, Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change, and space-based with IASI, Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer, flown on METOP). As reference we use in-situ measurements made on the island of Tenerife at two different altitudes (2370 and 3550 m a.s.l., using two Picarro L2120-i water isotopologue analyzers) and aboard an aircraft (between 200 and 6800 m a.s.l., using the homemade ISOWAT instrument).

  18. Voices from the Unknown: The Fantastic in 19th century Music Between Music Insects and Autoparodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Fava

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Teatro, musica e letteratura del fantastico sono fortemente connessi fra di loro: non solo per le continue allusioni musicali della narrativa, ma anche per le sollecitazioni di natura letteraria che incoraggiano il delinearsi di un lessico musicale del fantastico. Partendo dal caso dell'Ottetto di Mendelssohn, il cui Scherzo si ispira a un passo del Walpurgisnachtstraum di Goethe, l'intervento mostra l'incidenza di alcuni topoi musicali del fantastico e la possibilità di utilizzarli anche in chiave parodistica, come avviene nel caso della Erste Walpurgisnacht (Goethe-Mendelssohn. La presenza degli insetti musicanti nel passo goethiano lascia a sua volta un'eredità costante in tutta la storia successiva del fantastico: come esempi si citano i quadri conclusivi delle Lustigen Weiber von Windsor di Otto Nicolai (1849 e del Falstaff di Giuseppe Verdi (1893, senza dimenticare situazioni analoghi riscontrabili nella musica russa da Čajkovskij a Skrjabin.

  19. Gesto e movimento per la comprensione musicale. Ascolto dal “Carnevale degli animali” di Camille Saint-Saëns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Sintoni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Questo percorso didattico è rivolto alle ultime due classi della scuola dell’infanzia e alle prime due classi della scuola primaria, ed è incentrato su alcuni brani da Le Carnaval des Animaux (1886 del compositore, pianista e organista francese Camille Saint-Saëns (Parigi,1835-Algeri,1921. Il percorso è adatto alla scuola dell’infanzia e primaria perché insegna alcune nozioni di base della musica e una prima grammatica della comprensione musicale all’ascolto. Il lavoro si basa sull’utilizzo del gesto e del movimento finalizzati alla comprensione del brano all’ascolto. Gesto e movimento sono due risorse utilissime nella didattica rivolta all’infanzia: nel nostro caso, daremo un esempio di come possano sviluppare nei bambini la capacità di ascoltare la musica in profondità e di promuoverne un ascolto oggettivo, ovvero riflessivo.

  20. L’Uomo (Informato. Percorsi nella ‘paideia’ ieri e oggi, a cura di Angelo Campodonico e Letterio Mauro, Milano, FrancoAngeli, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Colombo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il volume s’incentra su un’immagine di paideia come percorso di crescita che incarna l’ideale di perfezione morale, culturale e di civiltà cui l’uomo dovrebbe tendere. In tale cornice, i saggi di Donatella Restani ed Elisabetta Cattanei approfondiscono il ruolo della musica per la formazione della persona. Così concepito, il libro guida a una riscoperta della musica quale strumento principe per un’educazione globale dell’essere umano e al contempo, riallacciandosi tanto alla tradizione omerica e aristotelica quanto alle tendenze più attuali del pensiero pedagogico, pone le basi per una rilettura della letteratura e della filosofia classica in una prospettica non solo educativa ma anche psicologica.

  1. Piscivory in a Miocene Cetotheriidae of Peru: first record of fossilized stomach content for an extinct baleen-bearing whale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collareta, Alberto; Landini, Walter; Lambert, Olivier; Post, Klaas; Tinelli, Chiara; Di Celma, Claudio; Panetta, Daniele; Tripodi, Maria; Salvadori, Piero A; Caramella, Davide; Marchi, Damiano; Urbina, Mario; Bianucci, Giovanni

    2015-12-01

    Instead of teeth, modern mysticetes bear hair-fringed keratinous baleen plates that permit various bulk-filtering predation techniques (from subsurface skimming to lateral benthic suction and engulfment) devoted to various target prey (from small invertebrates to schooling fish). Current knowledge about the feeding ecology of extant cetaceans is revealed by stomach content analyses and observations of behavior. Unfortunately, no fossil stomach contents of ancient mysticetes have been described so far; the investigation of the diet of fossil baleen whales, including the Neogene family Cetotheriidae, remains thus largely speculative. We report on an aggregate of fossil fish remains found within a mysticete skeleton belonging to an undescribed late Miocene (Tortonian) cetotheriid from the Pisco Formation (Peru). Micro-computed tomography allowed us to interpret it as the fossilized content of the forestomach of the host whale and to identify the prey as belonging to the extant clupeiform genus Sardinops. Our discovery represents the first direct evidence of piscivory in an ancient edentulous mysticete. Since among modern mysticetes only Balaenopteridae are known to ordinarily consume fish, this fossil record may indicate that part of the cetotheriids experimented some degree of balaenopterid-like engulfment feeding. Moreover, this report corresponds to one of the geologically oldest records of Sardinops worldwide, occurring near the Tortonian peak of oceanic primary productivity and cooling phase. Therefore, our discovery evokes a link between the rise of Cetotheriidae; the setup of modern coastal upwelling systems; and the radiation of epipelagic, small-sized, schooling clupeiform fish in such highly productive environments.

  2. Piscivory in a Miocene Cetotheriidae of Peru: first record of fossilized stomach content for an extinct baleen-bearing whale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collareta, Alberto; Landini, Walter; Lambert, Olivier; Post, Klaas; Tinelli, Chiara; Di Celma, Claudio; Panetta, Daniele; Tripodi, Maria; Salvadori, Piero A.; Caramella, Davide; Marchi, Damiano; Urbina, Mario; Bianucci, Giovanni

    2015-12-01

    Instead of teeth, modern mysticetes bear hair-fringed keratinous baleen plates that permit various bulk-filtering predation techniques (from subsurface skimming to lateral benthic suction and engulfment) devoted to various target prey (from small invertebrates to schooling fish). Current knowledge about the feeding ecology of extant cetaceans is revealed by stomach content analyses and observations of behavior. Unfortunately, no fossil stomach contents of ancient mysticetes have been described so far; the investigation of the diet of fossil baleen whales, including the Neogene family Cetotheriidae, remains thus largely speculative. We report on an aggregate of fossil fish remains found within a mysticete skeleton belonging to an undescribed late Miocene (Tortonian) cetotheriid from the Pisco Formation (Peru). Micro-computed tomography allowed us to interpret it as the fossilized content of the forestomach of the host whale and to identify the prey as belonging to the extant clupeiform genus Sardinops. Our discovery represents the first direct evidence of piscivory in an ancient edentulous mysticete. Since among modern mysticetes only Balaenopteridae are known to ordinarily consume fish, this fossil record may indicate that part of the cetotheriids experimented some degree of balaenopterid-like engulfment feeding. Moreover, this report corresponds to one of the geologically oldest records of Sardinops worldwide, occurring near the Tortonian peak of oceanic primary productivity and cooling phase. Therefore, our discovery evokes a link between the rise of Cetotheriidae; the setup of modern coastal upwelling systems; and the radiation of epipelagic, small-sized, schooling clupeiform fish in such highly productive environments.

  3. Rito in música

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Pérez Custodio

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tras una breve reflexión, imbricada con su propia labor como creadora, sobre la conexión entre la música y otras actividades humanas, la autora describe el concepto de expresión musical que está utilizando en sus últimas obras, especialmente en las escénicas, y que ella ha denominado rito in musica, y lo ejemplifica con algunas de esas obras.

  4. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Jiri Belohlavek naaseb Tšehhi filharmoonia peadirigendiks. Alfred Brendel 80. Sir Simon Rattle'i debüüt Metropolitan Operas. Soome raadio sümfooniaorkestri peadirigendiks saabHannu Lintu. 2012. aasta Viini uusaastakontserti juhatab Maris Jansons. Uus täht jazzitaevas - Christian Scott. Valik uusi jazziraamatuid. Itaalia muusikaajakiri Musica Jazz valis aasta parimaid jazzmuusikuid. Grammy võitjad selgunud. Michael Jackson jätkab postuumselt müügirekordite purustamist

  5. Sleep Concert, luogo del suono e del sogno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Viel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abbiamo con il suono un rapporto ambiguo. Da un lato esso sembra occupare lo spazio come un’architettura in movimento, della quale traccia i confini attraverso riflessioni e risonanze. Il suono ci inchioda in uno spazio, privato o condiviso, non solo attraverso la qualità e le circostanze del paesaggio in cui siamo inseriti, ma anche attraverso i riti e le pratiche abituali, tra le quali la musica, con cui ci rapportiamo ad esso.

  6. Chinese Traditional Instruments Group of PLA Art Academy Performs in Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Villa Musica Foundation (VMF) of Rheinland-Pfalz State, Germany, a group of 7 musicians of the China Red Star Traditional Instruments Orchestra of the People’s Liberation Army Art Academy, organized and sent by the CPAFFC and led by the well-known tenor Li Shuangjiang, visited the state from August 22 to September 3, 2008, during which they held 12 concerts.

  7. 对里盖蒂《音乐探索》的探索——浅析里盖蒂创作中对"核心音高"的最初尝试

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓烨

    2009-01-01

    本文对里盖蒂创作于1951-53年的钢琴作品 (Musica ricercata)进行了微观上的音乐分析,并试图通过对此作品的解构来揭示作曲家早期的创作理念以及"核心音高"的组织方式.

  8. The socio-cultural and learning experiences of music students in a British university

    OpenAIRE

    Dibben, N.

    2006-01-01

    Research into student experience in Higher Education has largely focused on students' role as learners. However, the student experience encompasses a much wider range of behaviours and beliefs than can be captured through a focus on teaching and learning alone. I report the findings of a research project which explored student experience in the music department of a British red-brick university. Music presents a particularly interesting case study given the presence of extra-curricular musica...

  9. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Jiri Belohlavek naaseb Tšehhi filharmoonia peadirigendiks. Alfred Brendel 80. Sir Simon Rattle'i debüüt Metropolitan Operas. Soome raadio sümfooniaorkestri peadirigendiks saabHannu Lintu. 2012. aasta Viini uusaastakontserti juhatab Maris Jansons. Uus täht jazzitaevas - Christian Scott. Valik uusi jazziraamatuid. Itaalia muusikaajakiri Musica Jazz valis aasta parimaid jazzmuusikuid. Grammy võitjad selgunud. Michael Jackson jätkab postuumselt müügirekordite purustamist

  10. Muusika / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2004-01-01

    3. - 21. XII toimub ooperifestival "Jõulutähed". Malle Maltis võitis "Musica nova 2004" raames peetud konkursil II preemia. Neeme Järvi tegemistest. "Wien Moder" festivalil dirigeeris Eri Klas Viini Raadio Sümfooniaorkestrit. XIV rahvusvahelisel advendi- ja jõulumuusika konkursil Prahas saatis Eesti koore edu. 27. XI tähistati Pärnus Eesti Meestelaulu Seltsi noorte meeskooride tegutsemise 5. aastapäeva

  11. Il mandato intellettuale dei musicologi nella costruzione della cittadinanza europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina La Face

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’intervento, proposto come relazione di base nella Study Session "Transmission of musical knowledge: constructing a European citizenship"  (Roma, XIX congresso IMS, 6 luglio 2012, sostiene che è importante e utile – in termini educativi e politici – valorizzare presso tutti i cittadini dell’Unione Europea, e presso gli stranieri che ad essa accedono, quel patrimonio di musica d’arte (Kunstmusik, art music che della cultura europea costituisce uno dei tratti peculiari e distintivi, e che non si lascia certo ridurre alla mera dimensione dell’intrattenimento.Questo lascito presenta problematiche particolari, a cominciare dalla sua natura composita: c’è un patrimonio materiale fatto di oggetti che chiedono di essere conservati (strumenti, partiture, trattati, documenti, edifici adibiti alla musica; e c’è un patrimonio immateriale – vuoi estetico (opere ed eventi, ossia brani musicali eseguiti e ascoltati vuoi intellettuale (testi musicali, scritti sulla musica, saperi teorici e pratici, tecniche esecutive – che può sussistere soltanto se lo si coltiva e lo si trasmette.La conoscenza del patrimonio musicale europeo può essere un poderoso coefficiente di integrazione della cittadinanza europea: favorendo il riconoscimento di una tradizione musicale comune, aperta e multiforme, essa offre un quadro di riferimento comune alle molte tradizioni musicali locali del continente e nel contempo una chiave di comprensione – per analogia o per contrasto – ai gruppi di cittadini extraeuropei, portatori di culture musicali diverse, che puntano a integrarsi nell’Unione.In questo processo i musicologi possono svolgere un ruolo cruciale, sol che riconoscano tra i mandati della propria disciplina anche quello della formazione e trasmissione della cultura musicale: pedagogia e didattica della musica non sono discipline a sé, anzi bisogna che tornino ad essere un ramo portante, vigoroso e florido, sul tronco della musicologia. E per

  12. Muusika / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2004-01-01

    3. - 21. XII toimub ooperifestival "Jõulutähed". Malle Maltis võitis "Musica nova 2004" raames peetud konkursil II preemia. Neeme Järvi tegemistest. "Wien Moder" festivalil dirigeeris Eri Klas Viini Raadio Sümfooniaorkestrit. XIV rahvusvahelisel advendi- ja jõulumuusika konkursil Prahas saatis Eesti koore edu. 27. XI tähistati Pärnus Eesti Meestelaulu Seltsi noorte meeskooride tegutsemise 5. aastapäeva

  13. Diatomáceas cêntricas de rios na região de abrangência da usina hidrelétrica de Salto Caxias, PR, (Bacia do rio Iguaçu Centric diatoms from rivers in the region to be dammed for the construction of the Salto Caxias hydroelectric power plant, Paraná State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole M Brassac

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se o inventário florístico das diatomáceas cêntricas dos rios da região a ser inundada para construção do reservatório da Usina Hidrelétrica de Salto Caxias, localizado a sudoeste do Estado do Paraná. Amostras planctônicas foram coletadas mensalmente, em 15 estações de coleta, no período compreendido entre março/97 e fevereiro/98. Foram identificados 19 táxons infragenéricos. Aulacoseira ambígua var. ambígua f. ambígua, A. granulata var. granulata, A. granulata var. angustíssima e Melosira varians foram registradas em pelo menos 85% das 171 amostras estudadas. Aulacoseira agassizii var. agassizii e Melosira undulata var. normanii são citações pioneiras para o Estado do Paraná, assim como Terpsinoe musica var. musica é registrado pela primeira vez em ambientes continentais paranaenses.The survey is a floristic inventory of centric diatoms from the region to be flooded by the construction of the Salto Caxias hydroelectric power plant reservoir, in southeast Paraná State, Brazil. Planktonic sampling was carried out monthly, from March/97 to February/98. Nineteen infrageneric taxa were identified. Aulacoseira ambígua var. ambígua, A. granulata var. granulata, A. granulata var. angustíssima and Melosira varians being the most common taxa, occuring in 85% of the 171 samples studied. Aulacoseira agassizii var. agassizii and Melosira undulata var. normanii are new records for the State of Paraná, and Terpsinoe musica var. musica registered for the first time in freshwater environments in this state.

  14. The socio-cultural and learning experiences of music students in a British university

    OpenAIRE

    Dibben, N.

    2006-01-01

    Research into student experience in Higher Education has largely focused on students' role as learners. However, the student experience encompasses a much wider range of behaviours and beliefs than can be captured through a focus on teaching and learning alone. I report the findings of a research project which explored student experience in the music department of a British red-brick university. Music presents a particularly interesting case study given the presence of extra-curricular musica...

  15. L'azione Efficace nel Teatro del Novecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Marinis

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A partire dalle esperienze fin de siecle dei simbolisti, e dalle ricerche sinestetiche fra pittura musica e teatro di Wassily Kandinsky, l'articolo prende in esame alcuni fra i principali tentativi intrapresi dai maestri della scena contemporanea per fare dei teatro e dello spettacolo gli strumenti di un'azione efficace sullo spcttatore e, prima ancora, sullo stesso attore, soffermandosi in particolare su Eisenstcin, Artaud e Grotowski.

  16. Kevin Olusola

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    When cellist Kevin Olusola was 17,he performed at Carnegie Hall twice.Now 22, he’s a Yale University senior pursuing both pre-medical and East Asian studies.He’s spent significant time in China since 2007,and also created his own style of music.A combination of jazz,classical,hip-hop and beatboxing,he invented,won Olusola the runner-up spot in the 2009 "Celebrate and

  17. Н овые формы театральной архитектуры

    OpenAIRE

    Анисимов, Александр

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of the XXI century the performing-arts industry is being forced through nothing less than a total metamorphosis. In this article there are some projects of new theatres: Shanghai Grand Theatre, Auditorium Parco della Musica in Roma, Tenerife Auditorium in Spain, Palace of the Arts in Valencia and some buildings in Russia. These are new forms of theatres created by famous architects from various countries: Renzo Piano, Michael Wilford, Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava, Paul And...

  18. Cost-effective sequencing of full-length cDNA clones powered by a de novo-reference hybrid assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuroshu, Reginaldo M; Watanabe, Junichi; Sugano, Sumio; Morishita, Shinichi; Suzuki, Yutaka; Kasahara, Masahiro

    2010-05-07

    Sequencing full-length cDNA clones is important to determine gene structures including alternative splice forms, and provides valuable resources for experimental analyses to reveal the biological functions of coded proteins. However, previous approaches for sequencing cDNA clones were expensive or time-consuming, and therefore, a fast and efficient sequencing approach was demanded. We developed a program, MuSICA 2, that assembles millions of short (36-nucleotide) reads collected from a single flow cell lane of Illumina Genome Analyzer to shotgun-sequence approximately 800 human full-length cDNA clones. MuSICA 2 performs a hybrid assembly in which an external de novo assembler is run first and the result is then improved by reference alignment of shotgun reads. We compared the MuSICA 2 assembly with 200 pooled full-length cDNA clones finished independently by the conventional primer-walking using Sanger sequencers. The exon-intron structure of the coding sequence was correct for more than 95% of the clones with coding sequence annotation when we excluded cDNA clones insufficiently represented in the shotgun library due to PCR failure (42 out of 200 clones excluded), and the nucleotide-level accuracy of coding sequences of those correct clones was over 99.99%. We also applied MuSICA 2 to full-length cDNA clones from Toxoplasma gondii, to confirm that its ability was competent even for non-human species. The entire sequencing and shotgun assembly takes less than 1 week and the consumables cost only approximately US$3 per clone, demonstrating a significant advantage over previous approaches.

  19. Advancing Recommender Systems from the Algorithm, Interface and Methodological Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Rossetti,

    2015-01-01

    I sistemi di raccomandazione sono componenti software che aiutano gli utenti a trovare quello che stanno cercando. I sistemi di raccomandazione sono stati applicati a diverse aree, dal commercio elettronico alle notizie, dalla musica al turismo, sfruttando tutte le informazioni disponibili per imparare le preferenze dell’utente e fornire raccomandazioni utili. La vasta area dei sistemi di raccomandazione riguarda molte tematiche che richiedono una conoscenza profonda e grandi sforzi di ric...

  20. La scrittura musicale come prerogativa della composizione musicale occidentale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Hermann Schmid

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Nel mondo occidentale, saper scrivere signífica il massimo della competenza. Perfino nella percezione popolare il ruolo che in musica spetta alla scrittura è percepito come una sfida. Nel marzo 2010, in una trasmissione televisiva equivalente a “Scommettiamo che”, un anchorman tedesco ha chiesto ad Anna Netrebko, sua ospite, se nella carriera di una cantante sia necessario saper leggere perfettamente la musica. “No”, è stata la risposta, istantanea, “basta avere bella voce e buona memoria”. Accostatasi poi al pianoforte per intonare un Lied di Rimskij-Korsakov, mentre l’accompagnatrice apriva lo spartito, la Netrebko aggiungeva scherzosamente: il pianista sì che deve saper leggere la musica! Per l’esperto, questa maliziosa risposta a doppio senso richiama l’antica distinzione erudita tra sapere pratico e teorico, rappresentati rispettivamente dalla voce umana, di cui ciascuno dispone in natura, e da uno strumento tecnico tradizionalmente adibito alla teoria, erede del monocordo antico, sulla cui tastiera le divisioni della corda erano indicate con lettere alfabetiche: lettere che sono le primissime testimonianze di una scrittura musicale.

  1. Tropospheric water vapour isotopologue data (H216O, H218O, and HD16O) as obtained from NDACC/FTIR solar absorption spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barthlott, Sabine; Schneider, Matthias; Hase, Frank; Blumenstock, Thomas; Kiel, Matthäus; Dubravica, Darko; García, Omaira E.; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Mengistu Tsidu, Gizaw; Takele Kenea, Samuel; Grutter, Michel; Plaza-Medina, Eddy F.; Stremme, Wolfgang; Strong, Kim; Weaver, Dan; Palm, Mathias; Warneke, Thorsten; Notholt, Justus; Mahieu, Emmanuel; Servais, Christian; Jones, Nicholas; Griffith, David W. T.; Smale, Dan; Robinson, John

    2017-01-01

    We report on the ground-based FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) tropospheric water vapour isotopologue remote sensing data that have been recently made available via the database of NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change; MUSICA/" target="_blank">ftp://ftp.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ndacc/MUSICA/) and via doi:10.5281/zenodo.48902. Currently, data are available for 12 globally distributed stations. They have been centrally retrieved and quality-filtered in the framework of the MUSICA project (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water). We explain particularities of retrieving the water vapour isotopologue state (vertical distribution of H216O, H218O, and HD16O) and reveal the need for a new metadata template for archiving FTIR isotopologue data. We describe the format of different data components and give recommendations for correct data usage. Data are provided as two data types. The first type is best-suited for tropospheric water vapour distribution studies disregarding different isotopologues (comparison with radiosonde data, analyses of water vapour variability and trends, etc.). The second type is needed for analysing moisture pathways by means of H2O, δD-pair distributions.

  2. Effects of image processing on the detective quantum efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hye-Suk; Kim, Hee-Joung; Cho, Hyo-Min; Lee, Chang-Lae; Lee, Seung-Wan; Choi, Yu-Na

    2010-04-01

    Digital radiography has gained popularity in many areas of clinical practice. This transition brings interest in advancing the methodologies for image quality characterization. However, as the methodologies for such characterizations have not been standardized, the results of these studies cannot be directly compared. The primary objective of this study was to standardize methodologies for image quality characterization. The secondary objective was to evaluate affected factors to Modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) according to image processing algorithm. Image performance parameters such as MTF, NPS, and DQE were evaluated using the international electro-technical commission (IEC 62220-1)-defined RQA5 radiographic techniques. Computed radiography (CR) images of hand posterior-anterior (PA) for measuring signal to noise ratio (SNR), slit image for measuring MTF, white image for measuring NPS were obtained and various Multi-Scale Image Contrast Amplification (MUSICA) parameters were applied to each of acquired images. In results, all of modified images were considerably influence on evaluating SNR, MTF, NPS, and DQE. Modified images by the post-processing had higher DQE than the MUSICA=0 image. This suggests that MUSICA values, as a post-processing, have an affect on the image when it is evaluating for image quality. In conclusion, the control parameters of image processing could be accounted for evaluating characterization of image quality in same way. The results of this study could be guided as a baseline to evaluate imaging systems and their imaging characteristics by measuring MTF, NPS, and DQE.

  3. Model of unplanned smoking initiation of children and adolescents: an integrated stage model of smoking behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremers, S P J; Mudde, A N; De Vries, H

    2004-05-01

    Two lines of psychological research have attempted to spell out the stages of adolescent smoking initiation. The first has focused on behavioral stages of smoking initiation, while the second line emphasized motivational stages. A large international sample of European adolescents (N = 10,170, mean age = 13.3 years) was followed longitudinally. Self-reported motivational and behavioral stages of smoking initiation were integrated, leading to the development of the Model of Unplanned Smoking Initiation of Children and Adolescents (MUSICA). The MUSICA postulates that youngsters experiment with smoking while they are in an unmotivated state as regards their plans for smoking regularly in the future. More than 95% of the total population resided in one of the seven stages distinguished by MUSICA. The probability of starting to smoke regularly during the 12 months follow-up period increased with advanced stage assignment at baseline. Unique social cognitive predictors of stage progression from the various stages were identified, but effect sizes of predictors of transitions were small. The integration of motivational and behavioral dimensions improves our understanding of the process of smoking initiation. In contrast to current theories of smoking initiation, adolescent uptake of smoking behavior was found to be an unplanned action.

  4. La trasposizione del sapere musicale nella formazione intellettuale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Cuomo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La costruzione della cittadinanza europea nell’epoca della complessità richiede che la trasmissione del sapere sia orientata alla formazione intellettuale, al “dare forma” cioè a una mente critica, capace di problematizzare, dunque di discernere. Questo può avvenire con l’educare a comprendere. Nel farsi carico di questa istanza, il musicologo assume il problema e si interroga su ‘che cosa’ trasmettere e ‘come’ per educare a comprendere la musica: è il fondamento della didattica della musica, intesa come scienza della ‘trasposizione’ del savoir savant in savoir enseigné. L’intervento propone un percorso paradigmatico di comprensione musicale, attraverso la trasposizione didattica di un brano di Debussy, La cathédrale engloutie. L’esempio sarà basato su un approccio messo a punto dalla ricerca musicologica e metodologico-didattica e centrato sulla continuità tra ascolto, esecuzione musicale e Storia della musica.

  5. Aritmetiche e alchimie di suoni. Severino Boezio e Luciano Berio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Ophälders

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Luciano Berio apre il suo testamento poetico, Un ricordo al futuro, con un esplicito rinvio alla tripartizione della musica operata da Boezio e durante la discussione di specifiche tematiche della musica contemporanea vi torna a più riprese. Il presente lavoro intende indagare i motivi per un tale coinvolgimento dell’autore medievale nella ricerca poetica ed estetica di uno dei più importanti rappresentanti del mondo musicale novecentesco nonché il modo in cui la teoria di Boezio viene attualizzata da Berio. Si scoprirà che i problemi della musica del Novecento richiedono una profonda riflessione filosofica la quale però non può limitarsi alla sola componente teoretica e astratta, se non vuole perdere di vista la musica, e che non può limitarsi alle sole pratiche musicali se non vuole rinunciare alla propria autocoscienza. In questo senso Berio reinterpreta i tre tipi di musica, mundana, humana ed intrumentalis nella concezione boeziana per confrontarsi non solo con il grande problema del rapporto tra teoria e pratica musicale, ma anche per discutere specifiche tematiche musicali del Novecento.   Luciano Berio begins his poetical testament, Remembering the future, with an explicit link to the three types of music conceived by Boezio and during the discussion of specific themes of contemporary music he returns on this item several times. The present work intends to investigate the motivation of a similar confrontation with this medieval philosopher within the poetic and aesthetic research of one of the most important representatives of nineteenth century music; on the other hand the intention is to make clear in which way he proceeds by actualizing Boezio’s theory. It will become clear that the problems of nineteenth century music necessitate a profound philosophical reflection, which can not be limited to its mere theoretical and abstract component, if it doesn’t want to miss music in itself and, on the other hand, it can not be

  6. Treatment efficacy and methotrexate-related toxicity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving methotrexate in combination with adalimumab.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burmester, Gerd R; Kaeley, Gurjit S; Kavanaugh, Arthur F; Gabay, Cem; MacCarter, Daryl K; Nash, Peter; Takeuchi, Tsutomu; Goss, Sandra L; Rodila, Ramona; Chen, Kun; Kupper, Hartmut; Kalabic, Jasmina

    2017-01-01

    Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with a combination of methotrexate (MTX)+adalimumab (ADA) is more effective than ADA monotherapy. We assessed the toxicity of different doses of MTX and treatment efficacy of ADA+MTX in two trials. Data originated from CONCERTO, in patients with early RA initiating ADA+ 2.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/week MTX for 26 weeks; and MUSICA, in patients with an inadequate response to MTX initiating ADA+ 7.5 or 20 mg/week MTX for 24 weeks. Efficacy was assessed by the American College of Rheumatology 50 (ACR50). Patient-reported MTX-related toxicity information was collected at each visit on 18 prespecified MTX-related adverse events (AE) in the MTX label. In CONCERTO, ACR50 rates increased over time, ranging from 54% to 68% at week 26, while AE rates remained steady, ranging from 2.4% to 17.8% at week 26. Of 395 patients, 113 (28.6%) reported 345 MTX-related AEs, including one serious AE (SAE, excessive fatigue and/or malaise); 10 AEs (in two patients) led to study discontinuation. In MUSICA, ACR50 rates increased over time, and were 32.3% and 37.5% at week 24, while MTX-related AE rates remained steady and were 6.5% at week 24. Of 309 patients, 71 (23%) reported 185 MTX-related AEs, including 5 SAEs (four infections and one fever/chills); six AEs (in four patients) led to study discontinuation. In patients with RA initiating ADA+MTX combination, treatment efficacy was achieved and increased throughout both trials, while rates of MTX-related AEs remained steady. MTX-related AEs were observed in up to 30% of patients and most were mild. MTX was discontinued by 0.5%-1.3% of patients. MUSICA (NCT01185288), CONCERTO (NCT01185301), Post results.

  7. Note e recensioni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Autori Vari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Adriano Ardovino, Raccogliere il mondo. Per una fenomenologia della rete [Angela Maiello] • Clive Bell, L’Arte [Filippo Focosi] • Alessandro Bertinetto, Il pensiero dei suoni. Temi di filosofia della musica [Domenica Lentini] • Terrence Deacon, Incomplete Nature. How Mind Emerged From Matter [Mariagrazia Portera] • Roger Scruton, La bellezza. Ragione ed esperienza estetica [Filippo Focosi] • Miriam Bratu Hansen, Cinema and Experience. Sigfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin and Theoder W. Adorno [Domenico Spinosa] • Lawrence Barsalou, scritti sulla “Grounded Cognition” [Gialuca Consoli] • Dis-forme, Università degli Studi di Palermo, 28-29 maggio 2012 [Michele Bertolini e Pietro Conte

  8. As abordagens estilisticas no choro brasileiro (1902-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia E. Taborda

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de  la investigación  y análisis de  fonogramas realizados entre 1902 y 1950, se propone  identificar  las distinctas posibilidades estilisticas  en la interpretación del  “choro” .Palabras Clave: choro; musica popular brasileña;  guitarra; gravaciones____________________Abstract:This article examines  the  approaches of “choro” in an attempt to identify different interpretative styles referring to sound records made between 1902 and 1950.Keywords: choro; Brazilian Popular Music; guitar; sound records

  9. A expressão dos afetos em peças para cravo de François Couperin (1668-1733)

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Gatti

    1997-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho propõe uma abordagem para a análise da música barroca, baseada na chamada ?teoria dos afetos?. A análise musical referenciada nessa perspectiva é aplicada a algumas das Pièces de Clavecin de François Couperin. Os textos chave utilizados foram o Tratado das Paixões da Alma e o Compendium Musicae, de Descartes, como base do pensamento de época no tocante aos afetos; e parte da obra Der Vallkommene Capellmeister, de J. Mattheson, bem como outros tratadistas que ofereceram a...

  10. World dance: (novi) eufemizam u plesnoj terminologiji?

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    U potpunosti nedosljedno korištena koncepcija world dance u plesnom svijetu i u široj javnosti navela me na propitivanje kompleksnosti već usvojene i nedefinirane sintagme. Terminološkom i sadržajnom nepreciznošću sintagma potencijalno implicira značenja koja dovode u pitanje korektnost njezine uporabe. Potencijalna problematičnost sintagme dijelom se nalazi u implicitnom preslikavanju značenjskih oznaka world musica, iz kojega se nametnulo propitivanje povijesnog i suvremenog konteksta termi...

  11. “La tua Grecia, la quale a me non è Dio”: Martello and Metastasio in reinterpreting Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Ferri-Benedetti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Martello in 1714 and Metastasio in 1773-1783: two Italian authors who, bothbelonging to the Accademia dell’Arcadia, tried, on one hand, to reinterpret andunderstand the dictates of Aristotle’s Poetics (largely “twisted” during the previouscentury by a number of zealous scholars through the literary and philosophical innovations of their time; and, on the other hand, to apply this new perspective to the important genre of musical theatre or dramma per musica. We look for (and compare eventual links between both authors in the treatment of Aristotelian prescriptions applied to the rich patterns of late baroque theatre and melodramma.

  12. La voz de los instrumentos en manos de los juglares

    OpenAIRE

    Villanueva, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Lo profano y lo religioso en la imago musicae medieval conviven y se alternan con la naturalidad que la retórica y los sermones de la época nos dictan: equilibrio y armonía de la más pura esencia boeciana, por un lado, y desequilibrio y transgresión en el mensaje de la música que los juglares transmiten. La Iglesia no ha dejado nunca de condenar aquellas prácticas en el templo y en la calle, o la intromisión de lo profano dentro de la liturgia, aunque, por la propia curiositas —como recalca S...

  13. “非凡美乐”香港首演《军中女郎》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史君良

    2010-01-01

    卢景文院长自香港演艺学院退休之后,仍然热心于歌剧演出制作工作,与一群音乐爱好者组成“非凡美乐”(Musica Viva),自任艺术与行政总监。今年更有惊人之举,在港首次演出多尼采蒂歌剧《军中女郎》,有胆识,有创意。

  14. 浅析MIDI音乐中的波表合成技术%Low analysis of the Wave Table Synthesizes in the MIDI Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琦

    2005-01-01

    在声卡技术占有重要位置的波表合成技术,随着计算机的发展一刻也没有停下来.MIDI是Musica]In-strument Digita]Interface的简称,即"音乐设备数字接口".MIDI文件是一种对乐曲的描述,本身不包括可供回放的声音住处,而是通过形形色色的合成引擎回放,目前应用最为广泛的MIDI合成引擎是波表合成.

  15. 美丽的歌声与教学——我的意大利访学之旅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖晓莲

    2012-01-01

    <正>2006年我获得了中国政府全额奖学金,以访问学者的身份前往意大利留学。在意大利驻华使馆的安排下,赴佩鲁贾音乐学院(Conservatorio Di Musica Di Perugia)以学生和访问学者双重身份注册学习。这样注册的最大益处在于可以"享受"到音乐学院所

  16. 特勒曼 Flotenquartette

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    这张由DG精心打造的《Flotenquartette》专辑收录的是格奥尔格·菲利普·特勒曼(Georg Philipp Telemann)作曲.雷因暗德·戈贝尔(Reinhard Goebel)指挥以及科隆古乐团(Musica Antiqua Koln)演奏的版本。特勒曼是一位多产的作曲家,也是德国最有成就和贡献的音乐家之一。

  17. ANALYSING OF WORKING PRINCIPLE OF MUSÝCAL SOUND PRODUCÝNG ELEMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Rauf Kerimov

    2015-01-01

    Musical instruments, in general, are the objects of different shapes and sizes, which convert the physical vibrations into the sound. The are many musical instruments made of different materials in the world. In all these instruments the sound is made by string or by air flow or by the object itself or by taut membrane. A musical instrument is a union of several sounding bodies. And for understanding the physical background of music we have to figure out the nature of these parts. Each musica...

  18. The Squallor phenomenon: Social and political satire in Italian music during the First Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolino Applauso

    2014-01-01

    Gli Squallor: La risata triste e le pernacchieLa satira sociale e politica nella musica italiana durante la Prima RepubblicaAnche se spesso viene catalogato con il marchio onnicomprensivo di ‘Rock demenziale’, il gruppo musicale italiano degli Squallor rappresenta uno dei fenomeni più incisivi di satira politica e sociale nell’Italia moderna. Ciò appare evidente se si esaminano i numerosi pezzi contenuti nei loro album, che presentano brillanti e corrosive parodie di noti partiti e politici, ...

  19. Narcocultura: A Threat to Mexican National Security?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Tuckman, “Mexican ‘Saint Death’ cult members protest at destruction of shrines,” The Guardian , April 10, 2009, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/apr...derribado aviones que nos han caído al campo a quemarnos los plantíos donde sale el polvo blanco con bazucas y metrallas los hemos mandado al Diablo ...www.musica.com/letras.asp?letra=886612. Tuckman, Jo. “Mexican ‘Saint Death’ cult members protest at destruction of shrines.” The Guardian . April 10

  20. Per una retorica intermediale: corpo femminile, pubblicità e ideologia nelle opere digitali di Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice Seligardi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo si propone di analizzare, in prospettiva intermediale, due opere digitali di Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries: "Cunnilingus in North Korea" e "Samsung Means To Come". Si tratta di animazioni in Adobe Flash che combinano testi e musica jazz, e sono visibili da parte di qualunque utente sul sito web del gruppo http://www.yhchang.com/. L’attenzione si concentrerà sulle scelte retoriche e stilistiche degli artisti attraverso cui viene problematizzato in maniera controversa il rapporto fra corpo femminile, tecnologia e poteri dominanti.

  1. As abordagens estilisticas no choro brasileiro (1902-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia E. Taborda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de  la investigación  y análisis de  fonogramas realizados entre 1902 y 1950, se propone  identificar  las distinctas posibilidades estilisticas  en la interpretación del  “choro” .Palabras Clave: choro; musica popular brasileña;  guitarra; gravaciones____________________Abstract:This article examines  the  approaches of “choro” in an attempt to identify different interpretative styles referring to sound records made between 1902 and 1950.Keywords: choro; Brazilian Popular Music; guitar; sound records

  2. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry characterization of the varnish and glue of an ancient 18th century double bass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Francesco; Orecchio, Santino; Cicero, Maria Grazia; Di Stefano, Cosimo

    2007-04-20

    A GC-MS investigation is conducted on the double bass "Panormus", property of Conservatorio di Musica "Vincenzo Bellini" in Palermo. The most important components of the varnish (fatty acids) and of the glue (proteinaceous amino acids), with which the musical instrument was treated in the past, are determined. The analyses are carried out by prior derivatization of fatty acids by acidic methanol and of amino acids by acidic methanol and trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA). Analytes identification is achieved by direct comparison with several reference materials and the use of a digitized library.

  3. ['Sensus Intellectualis': Pietro de Abano's musical thoughts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanni, Matteo

    2008-01-01

    With the discovery of the Aristotelian works on "natural philosophy" the philosophical discourse expands its subject of study to the physical and material dimension of men's nature. This philosophical tendency would also influence the reflections on musical topics. This paper shows how the physiological and physical view of the human being had influenced the theory of music. From a terminological and a conceptual perspective Pietro de Abano moves away from the Boethian authority. Comparing the musical theory of Pietro de Abano with the traditional "musica theorica" it becomes evident that there is no opposition between sensitiveness and intellect.

  4. O LIVRO DE ESCUTAS DE SALVATORE SCIARRINO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Ribeiro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma leitura crítica do livro “Figure della musica da Beethoven a oggi” do compositor Salvatore Sciarrino. Especificamente, trata-se de apresentar a escuta musical, segundo as ideias do compositor, como um campo orgânico de interação, inventividade e coexistência de modos de escuta encarnados num naturalismo musical diretamente relacionado às estruturas perceptivas da música. Usamos como referências nesta leitura analítica os próprios textos e ideias do autor, difundidas por meio de entrevistas disponibilizadas na web.

  5. Dança, Música e Dramaturgia: plano de colaboração e dispositivo dramatúrgico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Lucas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Os desdobramentos do conceito de dramaturgia e as problematizacoes da criacao coreografica contemporanea sao hoje um vasto e diversificado campo de pesquisa, tecido por inumeras linhas de fuga que orientam a sua reciproca implicacao. Alem disso, a danca e a musica partilham lacos de complementaridade expressiva que propiciam a ponderacao de uma questao composicional comum. Refletindo sobre os respectivos processos composicionais, este artigo interroga a colaboracao entre coreografos e compositores musicais, integrando a incidencia da dramaturgia nas estrategias de composicao coreografico-musical.

  6. "…multiplicibus modulorum varietatibus sonantes…". Some Reflections About Musical Dimension in the Greek and Roman World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Trudu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available I contorni della dimensione sonora in età classica appaiono piuttosto labili e non sembra esistere un’autonoma dimensione strumentale e una compiuta strutturazione della teoria musicale. Lo sviluppo di un processo di teorizzazione musicale si lega, a partire dal IV secolo a.C., al perfezionamento degli strumenti, che raggiunge il suo apice con la realizzazione dell’hydraulis. L’idea stessa di musica evolve e in epoca romana si evidenzia un nuovo rapporto tra esecuzione musicale e pubblico, e si sviluppa il concetto di ensemble, sintetizzato nel mosaico di Hama (Siria con scena di concerto.

  7. Stimmen des Leis, schillernde Gewebe / Christoph Schlüren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüren, Christoph

    1995-01-01

    Baltische Werke für Streichorchester: Vol. 1: Balakauskas: Ostrobothnian Symphony, Vasks: Symphonie "Stimmen", Narbutaite: Opus Lugubre; Vol. 2: Kutavicius: Nothern Gates, Vasks: Cantabile, Tüür: Insula Deserta, Rekasius: Music for strings, Werke von Urbaitis und Juozapaitis; Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, Dirigent: Juha Kangas; Finlandia / east-west CD-s 4509-97892-2 und 4509-97893-2. Vasks: Cantabile, Englischhorn-Konzert, Botschaft, Musica dolorosa, Lauda; Riga Philarmonic Orchestra, Dirigent: Kriss Rusmanis; Confer / BMG 75605-51236-2. Eller: Morgenrot, Abendrot, 5 Stücke für Streicher, Geister, Im Schatten und im Sonnenlicht, Elegia; Estonian Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Peeter Lilje; Forte FD 0020/2. Tubin: 11. Symphonie, Elegie für Streicher, Raid: 2. Symphonie; Estnisches Staatliches Symphonieorchester, Dirigent: Arvo Volmer; Koch 3-7291-2 H1. Sumera: Symphonien 1-3; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 660. Sumera: Klavierkonzert, 4. Symphonie, Musica tenera; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 690. Tormis: Werke für Männerchor; Estnischer Nationaler Männerchor, Dirigent: Olev Oja; Forte CDs FD 0011/2 und FD 0019/2 Tutvustatakse uusi heliplaate Baltimaade heliloojate loomingust.

  8. [CONTATTI SONORI] Le parole "attaccapanni" e il dialogo (interdisciplinare possibile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppa Vultaggio

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Articolandosi nei tre livelli «poetico», «musicale» e «poetico-musicale» (La Via 2006, ogni canzone popular affida alle parole una parte della progettualità e della rete di significati che intende esprimere. I lyrics non sono, cioè, solo catene di sillabe simbiotiche con gli «spazi metrici» (Rosselli 1964 della musica; sono anche versi la cui fisionomia (linguistica, metrica, sintattica, retorica ha precise implicazioni sia in ambito letterario che musicologico, specie ai fini dell’analisi testuale, dell’osservazione delle interazioni fra linguaggio verbale e musicale, dell’indagine sul riuso della tradizione. Muovendo da queste premesse, l’intervento si propone di riflettere sul contributo che gli studi letterari possono apportare al dialogo interdisciplinare sulla canzone. Adeguata attenzione sarà rivolta all’ultimo decennio di dibattito italiano intorno alle parole «attaccapanni di una successiva poesia» (Montale 1996; in particolare, si presenteranno gli importanti risultati emersi dagli studi metricologici, che saldano le canzoni sia allo sperimentalismo del ‘900 che all’intera storia della poesia italiana, rivelando inoltre dei punti di contatto con i popular music studies. L’intervento auspicherà, quindi, una sistematica e capillare ricerca interdisciplinare finalizzata allo studio delle canzoni popular italiane e del loro background transdisciplinare, che occorre ricostruire a partire dai “contatti” teorici e storiografici tra letteratura e musica.

  9. Feasibility study of an image slicer for future space application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcines, A.; Ichimoto, K.

    2014-08-01

    This communication presents the feasibility study of an image slicer for future space missions, especially for the integral field unit (IFU) of the SUVIT (Solar UV-Visible-IR telescope) spectro-polarimeter on board the Japanese-led solar space mission Solar-C as a backup option. The MuSICa (Multi-Slit Image slicer based on collimator-Camera) image slicer concept, originally developed for the European Solar Telescope, has been adapted to the SUVIT requirements. The IFU will reorganizes a 2-D field of view of 10 x 10 arcsec2 into three slits of 0.18 arcsec width by 185.12 arcsec length using flat slicer mirrors of 100 μm width. The layout of MuSICa for Solar-C is telecentric and offers an optical quality limited by diffraction. The entrance for the SUVIT spectro-polarimeter is composed by the three IFU slits and one ordinal long slit to study, using high resolution spectro-polarimetry, the solar atmosphere (Photosphere and Chromosphere) within a spectral range between 520 nm (optionally 280 nm) and 1,100 nm.

  10. 音乐之家

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rem; Koolhaas/OMA; 姚京

    2005-01-01

    Casa da Musica 音乐厅是雷姆·库哈斯在2005年的又一最新力作。这次,他以一个荷兰建筑师极富特征性的尖锐风格,颠覆了音乐厅的传统理念,使之从雕塑体的形式感中解放了出来,以抽象得如同一艘笨重的驳船或者向一边倾斜的太空船的姿态,昂然地泊停于葡萄牙的第二大城市波尔图。正是因为这样的拙朴与憨态可掬,使得 Casa da Musica 音乐厅以一种兼收并蓄的气量,吸纳了从讽刺味道的 Jazz 到狂野奔放的桑巴舞,再到古典交响乐、蓝调布鲁斯等在内的各种音乐形式,同时也吸引了来自不同音乐领域的发烧友们。Casa da

  11. Stimmen des Leis, schillernde Gewebe / Christoph Schlüren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüren, Christoph

    1995-01-01

    Baltische Werke für Streichorchester: Vol. 1: Balakauskas: Ostrobothnian Symphony, Vasks: Symphonie "Stimmen", Narbutaite: Opus Lugubre; Vol. 2: Kutavicius: Nothern Gates, Vasks: Cantabile, Tüür: Insula Deserta, Rekasius: Music for strings, Werke von Urbaitis und Juozapaitis; Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, Dirigent: Juha Kangas; Finlandia / east-west CD-s 4509-97892-2 und 4509-97893-2. Vasks: Cantabile, Englischhorn-Konzert, Botschaft, Musica dolorosa, Lauda; Riga Philarmonic Orchestra, Dirigent: Kriss Rusmanis; Confer / BMG 75605-51236-2. Eller: Morgenrot, Abendrot, 5 Stücke für Streicher, Geister, Im Schatten und im Sonnenlicht, Elegia; Estonian Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Peeter Lilje; Forte FD 0020/2. Tubin: 11. Symphonie, Elegie für Streicher, Raid: 2. Symphonie; Estnisches Staatliches Symphonieorchester, Dirigent: Arvo Volmer; Koch 3-7291-2 H1. Sumera: Symphonien 1-3; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 660. Sumera: Klavierkonzert, 4. Symphonie, Musica tenera; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 690. Tormis: Werke für Männerchor; Estnischer Nationaler Männerchor, Dirigent: Olev Oja; Forte CDs FD 0011/2 und FD 0019/2 Tutvustatakse uusi heliplaate Baltimaade heliloojate loomingust.

  12. Tre voci per un Lexicon di Giuseppe Pontiggia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Marcheschi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tre parole-chiave offrono lo spunto per un’immersione nel pensiero e nell’opera di Giuseppe Pontiggia. La prima: parola, riaffermata dallo scrittore in quanto atto civile e ‘corporeo’ mediante il quale l’uomo fa esperienza di se stesso entrando in contatto con i suoi simili e con il circostante, ricongiungendosi insieme alla sua più profonda e antica natura. Viene così restituita allo scrittore/critico la responsabilità di lottare contro l’attuale minaccia dello svuotamento linguistico, nel nome di una costruttiva utopia culturale. La seconda parola, musica, serve a illuminare i romanzi di Pontiggia – in specie La grande sera e L’arte della fuga – attraverso suggestive analogie con la musica classica e il jazz, predilette dallo scrittore. Ossimoro è l’ultima voce di questo Lexicon: figura retorica, ma soprattutto figura conoscitiva che permette allo scrittore di scoprire la propria verità e il proprio linguaggio e al lettore di abbracciare una visione non lineare e problematica del mondo, capace di ampliare le prospettive e rinnovare lo sguardo.

  13. Paesaggi sonori, tecnologia, multimedialità

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gioacchino Palma

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio costituisce una ampia riflessione sulle relazioni tra musica, paesaggio reale, paesaggio virtuale e tecnologia. Il paesaggio sonoro tecnologico pervade sempre più il nostro vissuto e ne trasforma le tradizionali percezioni, gli approcci all'ascolto. Occorre però abituarsi a distinzioni meno marcate rispetto al passato: esiste un paesaggio sonoro della vita reale e un paesaggio sonoro artificiale sempre più esteso che è quello presente nei contesti audiovisivi e multimediali: queste due aree si assomigliano sempre di più. Punto di partenza del saggio è la riflessione del teorico più rilevante in merito agli studi sul paesaggio: il musicologo canadese Murray Schafer, posta in confronto con altri rilevanti teorici, di diversa derivazione, che molto hanno contribuito allo sviluppo del settore (qualche esempio: Pierre Shaeffer, Simon Emmerson, Michel Chion. La riflessione si addentra inoltre nei territori del cinema, del multimediale, della musica elettronica, del design acustico. Conclude il saggio una "passeggiata musicale a braccetto coi media" che propone una prospettiva dell'ascolto del paesaggio diversa da quelle consuete.

  14. Radiologists' preferences for digital mammographic display. The International Digital Mammography Development Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisano, E D; Cole, E B; Major, S; Zong, S; Hemminger, B M; Muller, K E; Johnston, R E; Walsh, R; Conant, E; Fajardo, L L; Feig, S A; Nishikawa, R M; Yaffe, M J; Williams, M B; Aylward, S R

    2000-09-01

    To determine the preferences of radiologists among eight different image processing algorithms applied to digital mammograms obtained for screening and diagnostic imaging tasks. Twenty-eight images representing histologically proved masses or calcifications were obtained by using three clinically available digital mammographic units. Images were processed and printed on film by using manual intensity windowing, histogram-based intensity windowing, mixture model intensity windowing, peripheral equalization, multiscale image contrast amplification (MUSICA), contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization, Trex processing, and unsharp masking. Twelve radiologists compared the processed digital images with screen-film mammograms obtained in the same patient for breast cancer screening and breast lesion diagnosis. For the screening task, screen-film mammograms were preferred to all digital presentations, but the acceptability of images processed with Trex and MUSICA algorithms were not significantly different. All printed digital images were preferred to screen-film radiographs in the diagnosis of masses; mammograms processed with unsharp masking were significantly preferred. For the diagnosis of calcifications, no processed digital mammogram was preferred to screen-film mammograms. When digital mammograms were preferred to screen-film mammograms, radiologists selected different digital processing algorithms for each of three mammographic reading tasks and for different lesion types. Soft-copy display will eventually allow radiologists to select among these options more easily.

  15. The effects of gray scale image processing on digital mammography interpretation performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Elodia B; Pisano, Etta D; Zeng, Donglin; Muller, Keith; Aylward, Stephen R; Park, Sungwook; Kuzmiak, Cherie; Koomen, Marcia; Pavic, Dag; Walsh, Ruth; Baker, Jay; Gimenez, Edgardo I; Freimanis, Rita

    2005-05-01

    To determine the effects of three image-processing algorithms on diagnostic accuracy of digital mammography in comparison with conventional screen-film mammography. A total of 201 cases consisting of nonprocessed soft copy versions of the digital mammograms acquired from GE, Fischer, and Trex digital mammography systems (1997-1999) and conventional screen-film mammograms of the same patients were interpreted by nine radiologists. The raw digital data were processed with each of three different image-processing algorithms creating three presentations-manufacturer's default (applied and laser printed to film by each of the manufacturers), MUSICA, and PLAHE-were presented in soft copy display. There were three radiologists per presentation. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for GE digital mass cases was worse than screen-film for all digital presentations. The area under the receiver operating characteristic for Trex digital mass cases was better, but only with images processed with the manufacturer's default algorithm. Sensitivity for GE digital mass cases was worse than screen film for all digital presentations. Specificity for Fischer digital calcifications cases was worse than screen film for images processed in default and PLAHE algorithms. Specificity for Trex digital calcifications cases was worse than screen film for images processed with MUSICA. Specific image-processing algorithms may be necessary for optimal presentation for interpretation based on machine and lesion type.

  16. Christopher Hasty, Meter as Rhythm [Metro come Ritmo], Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford, 1997.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Cascelli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Quando, nell’undicesimo libro delle Confessioni, S. Agostino si interroga circa la natura del tempo, individua un problema linguistico in senso forte, dove il linguaggio non costituisce una semplice etichetta da attaccare agli eventi ma un modo di entrare in relazione con essi e conoscerli. Quando qualcuno gli domanda cosa sia il tempo, egli non lo sa, cioè non sa come spiegarlo e gli mancano le parole per esprimere qualcosa che, quando nessuno glielo chiede, egli conosce. Come possiamo esprimere il fluire del tempo? Come possiamo dire il tempo e dar voce a una profonda esperienza cognitiva del divenire e della relazione che noi stabiliamo con esso? Queste domande costituiscono le basi del libro di Christopher Hasty. Il suo punto di partenza è la considerazione che, sopprimendo la creatività e la novità dell'effettiva esperienza musicale, l’astrazione dell’analisi tradisce la natura temporale della musica. Al contrario, Hasty vuole prendere in considerazione questa natura temporale e "cercare dei modi di parlare dell’aspetto evanescente della musica, sviluppando concetti che catturino tanto la determinatezza quanto l’indeterminatezza degli eventi al loro passaggio" (p. vii.

  17. Mauro Mastropasqua, "La logica musicale. Storia di un’idea", Bononia University Press, Bologna 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Baroni

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available l volume è dedicato a una storia precisa e documentata del termine “logica” applicato alla musica e diffuso in Europa per quasi due secoli dall’epoca di Bach a quella di Schönberg. Procede per ordine cronologico ed è diviso in tre parti: la prima parla di logica musicale “come matematica”, la seconda di logica “come linguaggio” e la terza si riferisce alla relazione fra logica e “strutture di coscienza”. Il libro esordisce con la menzione della “Società delle Scienze musicali” creata da Lorenz Mitzler nel 1738 e alla quale Bach aderì nel 1747. Christian Wolff, il maggior filosofo tedesco fra Leibnitz e Kant, intendeva fondare un sistema di pensiero capace di raggiungere nel ragionamento prove certe come quelle della matematica e Mitzler voleva mettere in pratica quel metodo anche nel campo della musica. Bach pensava alla razionalità delle forme canoniche come a una sorta di ars combinatoria perfettamente logica. In questi anni non c’era ancora l’attestazione lessicale del termine “logica”, ma le premesse per la sua nascita pienamente esistevano.

  18. A Mimesis Musical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Kato

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A música ocupa um lugar de destaque como um dos principais meios de imitação. A utilização da música como ferramenta para suscitar e representar afetos, preconizada desde os antigos, chega integralmente ao século XVIII, podendo ser observada claramente nas obras dos compositores alemães ligados à doutrina composicional da Musica Poetica3 e, sobretudo, na obra de Johann Sebastian Bach. Porém, diversas são as espécies de imitação musical, de forma que o intuito deste trabalho foi categorizar e definir a função das espécies imitativas, com base na concepção aristotélica de imitação e nas categorias de imitação propostas por Johann Mattheson, um dos principais teóricos da Musica Poetica, tentando demonstrar que, desde a concepção musical da antiguidade, música e poética são inseparáveis.

  19. Bibliotecas e investigación musical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iglesias Martínez, Nieves

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Not a long time ago it was a little difficult to defend the high level of research needed by the librarian in charge of a music collection. There were not many libraries specialized on this subject. Nowadays we have seen in Spain the revaluation of the collections of music schools, art academies, etc. and we count with several musical documentation centres specialized in a composer or a geographic area. There are also an old international project recently established in Spain, the RISM (Répertoire International des Sources Musicales, and others national plans working now, like Musica Inedita, of the Royal Palace library, or Instrumenta Musicae, directed by the National Library of Spain, that collects the information of musical documents of the 19th century kept in the national libraries of Spain and Latin America. A correct description of musical documents demands the use of reference works and bibliographic tools about composers, writers, title names, publishers or dates of publication. The result, condensed in a bibliographic record, normally brief, must be reliable in all his parts.Hasta hace muy poco tiempo era tema algo difícil defender la labor de investigación llevada a cabo por el bibliotecario encargado de una colección documental dedicada a la música. Había pocas bibliotecas especializadas en dicha materia. Hoy en España, además de haberse revalorizado las colecciones de conservatorios, academias de bellas artes, etc., contamos con centros de documentación musical cuyas competencias se pueden referir a una sola persona o a un espacio geográfico. Existen proyectos de cierta antigüedad, de ámbito internacional, muy recientemente implantados en España, como el RISM (Répertoire International des Sources Musicales y otros, ya nacionales, como el Música inédita de la biblioteca del Palacio Real o el catálogo colectivo Instrumenta Musicae, dirigido por la Biblioteca Nacional de España, que reúne la información de los

  20. Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilma D'Ambrosio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of the great interest raised by Maurizio Gabrieli’s review of the book Musical Networks. Parallel Distributed Perception and Performance (various authors; edited by Niall Griffith and Peter M. Todd, MA: MIT Press, Cambridge, 1999 which appeared in our last issue of Analitica, the present review section no longer follows the format used up to now but offers a survey of texts dedicated to the relationship between music analysis and technology. This decision was also made as a result of the request for more information on the subject by many of our readers. In coming issues we plan to extend this bibliography and comment on at least some of the most interesting texts published in recent years, among which we would immediately like to draw attention to the important work by Baroni, Dalmonte and Jacoboni published in 1999 (Le regole della musica. Indagine sui meccanismi della comunicazione, Torino, I Manuali EDT/SIdM, 1999.

  1. Matthieu Saladin, Esthétique de l’improvisation libre. Expérimentation musicale et politique

    OpenAIRE

    Canonne, Clément

    2015-01-01

    L’ouvrage de Matthieu Saladin est une contribution importante au champ aujourd’hui très dynamique des études sur l’improvisation (voir Lewis & Piekut, 2015). À travers trois collectifs ayant occupé une place essentielle dans le développement des musiques improvisées au tournant des années 1970 – l’AMM, le Spontaneous Music Ensemble (SME) et le Musica Elettronica Viva (MEV) – l’auteur entreprend d’analyser l’esthétique sous-jacente à la pratique alors émergente de l’improvisation dite « libre ...

  2. Le musiche di Palazzo Pitti al tempo dei granduchi Asburgo-Lorena. Storia della collezione musicale granducale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Gitto

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le musiche della biblioteca dei granduchi Asburgo-Lorena furono raccolte e custodite presso Palazzo Pitti fino al 1862, anno nel quale vennero trasferite presso il Regio Istituto di Musica, oggi Conservatorio Luigi Cherubini di Firenze. Il fondo Pitti, restaurato e riordinato negli anni successivi l’alluvione del 1966, è stato nel 2010 oggetto di catalogazione informatica svelando, dopo un secolo e mezzo di oblio, più di 6.000 opere musicali di provenienza fiorentina e in gran parte austriaca, a testimonianza del forte legame che univa Firenze e Vienna. L’analisi delle musiche manoscritte e a stampa, accompagnata dal ritrovamento di antichi inventari e dallo studio di fonti archivistiche, ha permesso la ricostruzione delle vicende della collezione palatina ed ha contribuito ad una maggiore conoscenza della pratica musicale alla corte fiorentina e del contesto culturale nella Toscana pre-unitaria.

  3. Boèce, Traité de la musique

    OpenAIRE

    Lejbowicz, Max

    2008-01-01

    Le destin du De institutione musica de Boèce est étrange. Si l’on excepte une allusion purement rhétorique de son rival Cassiodore, trois siècles séparent la rédaction du texte de son premier témoin, sans que les spécialistes se soient accordés sur l’origine de l’archétype (voir, dans le livre sous examen, les p. 12-13). Mais, à partir de cette résurgence, quel succès ! Entre le VIIIe et le XVe s., ce sont près de cent soixante-dix manuscrits qu’il faut compter, tandis que la Renaissance l’éd...

  4. A Byzantine Chant Collection From Sicily. A Cοllaboration Between Cοpenhagen and Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sanfratello

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to give an account of the collaboration between a collector of the Byzantine chant tradition of Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo in Sicily, namely fr. Bartolomeo Di Salvo, and the editorial board of the Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, i.e. an institution under the aegis of the University of Copenhagen. Before describing precisely how this collaboration has developed, I will briefly introduce the “Sicilian-Albanian” oral liturgical chant tradition. Among his publications are Oral performances in a (post-literate society (Lund, 2016, The songs of the roots (forthcoming chapter on Cretan music, University of Vienna, Creative performance in the liturgy: a formulaic melodic language in the Sicilian-Albanian chant tradition (forthcoming, University of Joensuu, Finland, and several articles as chapters of his doctoral thesis.

  5. Long-term series of tropospheric water vapour amounts and HDO/H2O ratio profiles above Jungfraujoch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lejeune, B.; Mahieu, E.; Schneider, M.; Hase, F.; Servais, C.; Demoulin, P.

    2012-04-01

    Water vapour is a crucial climate variable involved in many processes which widely determine the energy budget of our planet. In particular, water vapour is the dominant greenhouse gas in the Earth's atmosphere and its radiative forcing is maximum in the middle and upper troposphere. Because of the extremely high variability of water vapour concentration in time and space, it is challenging for the available relevant measurement techniques to provide a consistent data set useful for trend analyses and climate studies. Schneider et al. (2006a) showed that ground-based Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, performed from mountain observatories, allows for the detection of H2O variabilities up to the tropopause. Furthermore, the FTIR measurements allow the retrieval of HDO amounts and therefore the monitoring of HDO/H2O ratio profiles whose variations act as markers for the source and history of the atmospheric water vapour. In the framework of the MUSICA European project (Multi-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water, http://www.imk-asf.kit.edu/english/musica.php), a new approach has been developed and optimized by M. Schneider and F. Hase, using the PROFFIT algorithm, to consistently retrieve tropospheric water vapour profiles from high-resolution ground-based infrared solar spectra and so taking benefit from available long-term data sets of ground-based observations. The retrieval of the water isotopologues is performed on a logarithmic scale from 14 micro-windows located in the 2600-3100 cm-1 region. Other important features of this new retrieval strategy are: a speed dependant Voigt line shape model, a joint temperature profile retrieval and an interspecies constraint for the HDO/H2O profiles. In this contribution, we will combine the quality of the MUSICA strategy and of our observations, which are recorded on a regular basis with FTIR spectrometers, under clear-sky conditions, at the NDACC site

  6. CPAFFC Cultural Exchange Working Group Visits Switzerland,Germany and Greece

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Swiss-Chinese Association (SCA) of Switzerland, the Villa Musica Foundation of Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, and the Euro-Chinese Centre for Research and Development of Greece, a Cultural Exchange Working Group led by Wang Xiuyun, director general of the Department of Cultural Exchanges of the CPAFFC, paid a visit to the three countries from February 16 to March 5. The working group met with Pascal Couchepin, president of the Swiss Confederation, Dr. Thomas Wagner, president of the Swiss-Chinese Association, Dr. Elmar Ledergerber, mayor of Zurich, Marc Wehrlin, acting deputy director of Swiss Federal Office of Culture, Olivier Francais, vice mayor of Lausanne, Hofmann Gottig, state secretary of Rheinland-Pfalz and George Patoulis, mayor of Maroussi, and had wide contact with cultural institutions and local governments, during which the two sides had in-depth discussion on issues of common interest.

  7. 数字化X线像影中的多级对比放大技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓玫; 林少春; 徐刚

    2010-01-01

    @@ 常规数字化X线摄影技术(包括CR、DR)日臻完善,已经作为成熟的成像技术广泛应用于临床工作中,但是不同厂家对图像后处理的理解有所不同,所用的图像处理核心技术也不相同,如Toshida的MLT多频处理技术,Agfa的MUSICA多级对比度增强技术,Philips的UNIQUE等.本文介绍了目前最为先进的影像处理技术之一--多级对比度增强技术(multi-scale image contrast amplification,MUSICA)在影像信息转换过程中是如何起到优化作用的.

  8. 国际琴坛

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆泽红

    2011-01-01

    @@ "第58届玛丽亚·卡纳尔斯(Maria Canals)国际音乐比赛"将于2012年3月10日至3月22日在西班牙的巴塞罗纳举行.比赛专业:钢琴.联系地址:Concurs Maria Canals Palau de la Musica Catalana c/Palau de la Música,4-608003 Barcelona (Espanya);电话:(34-93)2957251;传真:(34-93)29572.09;Email:info@mariacanals.org.网址:www.mariacanals.org.该比赛每年举办一次,下届比赛将于2013年举行.详细比赛信息尚未公布,可登录其网站关注.

  9. Forest response to heat waves at the dry timberline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakir, D.; Rotenberg, E.; Tatrinov, F.; Ogee, J.; Maseyk, K.

    2012-04-01

    Predictions of climate change consistently indicate continuous warming and drying for the entire Mediterranean basin and other regions during the next century. Investigating forest functioning at the current dry and hot "timberline" has therefore implications for predicting future forest distribution. In such investigations we should consider the forest adjustments to extreme conditions both at the long-term average climate basis, as at the time-scale of episodic extreme events, such as heat waves and droughts. Investigating both aspects in a 45-yr old semi-arid pine forest at the dry timberline (MuSICA) was used to test our understandings of underlying processes, and our ability to account for such differential responses.

  10. Fractal dimension analysis of complexity in Ligeti piano pieces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bader, Rolf

    2005-04-01

    Fractal correlation dimensional analysis has been performed with whole solo piano pieces by Gyrgy Ligeti at every 50ms interval of the pieces. The resulting curves of development of complexity represented by the fractal dimension showed up a very reasonable correlation with the perceptional density of events during these pieces. The seventh piece of Ligeti's ``Musica ricercata'' was used as a test case. Here, each new part of the piece was followed by an increase of the fractal dimension because of the increase of information at the part changes. The second piece ``Galamb borong,'' number seven of the piano Etudes was used, because Ligeti wrote these Etudes after studying fractal geometry. Although the piece is not fractal in the strict mathematical sense, the overall structure of the psychoacoustic event-density as well as the detailed event development is represented by the fractal dimension plot.

  11. 意大利那不勒斯音乐学院声乐教学一瞥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冰

    2013-01-01

    2008年3月,笔者作为公派访问学者赴意大利那不勒斯音乐学院(Conservatorio di Musica San Pietro a Majella di Napoli)进修访问一年。意大利那不勒斯音乐学院是一所始建于16世纪的高等音乐学府,在18、19世纪就在欧洲音乐史上享有重要的地位。它曾经接待过无数著名的音乐家和演奏家,如罗西尼、贝利尼、多尼采蒂、威尔第、瓦格纳、李斯特等,他们均在这所知

  12. 意大利艺术歌曲《被禁止的音乐》作品阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊琪

    2015-01-01

    意大利艺术歌曲是人类文化艺术财产中的瑰宝,它是在文艺复兴人文主义基础上发展的,音乐题材上主要是受诗歌的影响,其用词精炼、意义深刻、细致地表现人们丰富的内心情感。本文以《被禁止的音乐》(Musica proibita)为例,将从作品的创作背景、音乐风格特征、作品分析几个方面进行阐释。

  13. A Byzantine Chant Collection From Sicily. A Cοllaboration Between Cοpenhagen and Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sanfratello

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to give an account of the collaboration between a collector of the Byzantine chant tradition of Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo in Sicily, namely fr. Bartolomeo Di Salvo, and the editorial board of the Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, i.e. an institution under the aegis of the University of Copenhagen. Before describing precisely how this collaboration has developed, I will briefly introduce the “Sicilian-Albanian” oral liturgical chant tradition. Among his publications are Oral performances in a (post-literate society (Lund, 2016, The songs of the roots (forthcoming chapter on Cretan music, University of Vienna, Creative performance in the liturgy: a formulaic melodic language in the Sicilian-Albanian chant tradition (forthcoming, University of Joensuu, Finland, and several articles as chapters of his doctoral thesis.

  14. Comporre il diverso: l'idea di 'società' nell'insegnamento della composizione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Guanti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La problematica aspirazione a un’arte, e in particolar modo a una musica, universale è pari a quella della prospettiva che le configura come oasi di protezione e conservazione per antonomasia delle singolarità culturali. L’universalismo cosmopolita illuminista, prima, poi gli esasperati nazionalismi ottocenteschi, hanno segnato profondamente la cultura europea fin nelle più capillari declinazioni della didattica musicale. Oggi non si può certo più insegnare a comporre nello stile francese, tedesco o italiano, come pur si faceva sino alla conclusione della Seconda Guerra Mondiale; si possono, e si devono, invece, valorizzare i tratti salienti del “sapere musicale europeo”, che fu e che rimane omogeneo e unitario nelle basilari strutture linguistiche a dispetto di qualsiasi artificiosa enfatizzazione delle sue interne differenziazioni e articolazioni locali.

  15. Music and astronomy. II. Unitedsoundofcosmos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, J. A.; Arias, A.; Machuca, J. J.; Morente, S.

    2017-03-01

    We have been congratulated on the stage by a Nobel laureate (he was our curtain raiser), shocked audiences in rock concerts, written monthly on Musica Universalis , made the second concert in 3D in Spain after Kraftwerk and broadcasted it live in Radio 3, mixed our music with poetry read aloud by scientists, composed the soundtracks of CARMENES, QUIJOTE, ESTRACK and the Gaia first data release, made a videoclip on how computer simulates the formation of stars, played our music in planetariums, museums, observatories throughout Spain and at the end of the meeting of the ESO telescopes time allocation committee... All those moments will not be lost in time like tears in rain, but put together in Bilbao during the 2016 meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society.

  16. Music and astronomy. II. unitedsoundsofcosmos

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, J A; Machuca, J J; Morente, S

    2016-01-01

    We have been congratulated on the stage by a Nobel laureate (he was our curtain raiser), played our music in planetariums, museums, observatories throughout Spain and at the end of the meeting of the ESO telescopes time allocation committee, shocked audiences in rock concerts, written monthly on Musica Universalis, made the second concert in 3D in Spain after Kraftwerk and broadcasted it live in Radio 3, mixed our music with poetry read aloud by scientists, composed the soundtracks of CARMENES, QUIJOTE, ESTRACK and the Gaia first data release, made a videoclip on how computer simulates the formation of stars... All those moments will not be lost in time like tears in rain, but put together in Bilbao during the 2016 meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society.

  17. Estado de gestão do ensino das artes cênicas nas localidades de Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Patricia Huertas Ruiz

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available As artes cênicas precisam de especial atenção desde as políticas publicas, em favor de seu crescimento e fortalecimento artístico, pedagógico e de gestão; do seu reconhecimento social, educativo, acadêmico e cientifico. Por isso, é importante tanto continuar com processos de formalização e profissionalização como lograr a inclusão do cênico em currículos formais, logo que na atualidade a educação artística e um território dominado na sua maior parte pela musica e as artes visuais

  18. Update of the androgen receptor gene mutations database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlieb, B; Beitel, L K; Lumbroso, R; Pinsky, L; Trifiro, M

    1999-01-01

    The current version of the androgen receptor (AR) gene mutations database is described. The total number of reported mutations has risen from 309 to 374 during the past year. We have expanded the database by adding information on AR-interacting proteins; and we have improved the database by identifying those mutation entries that have been updated. Mutations of unknown significance have now been reported in both the 5' and 3' untranslated regions of the AR gene, and in individuals who are somatic mosaics constitutionally. In addition, single nucleotide polymorphisms, including silent mutations, have been discovered in normal individuals and in individuals with male infertility. A mutation hotspot associated with prostatic cancer has been identified in exon 5. The database is available on the internet (http://www.mcgill.ca/androgendb/), from EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute (ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/androgen), or as a Macintosh FilemakerPro or Word file (MC33@musica.mcgill.ca).

  19. Stereoselective Synthesis of 8,12-Furanoeudesmanes from Santonin. Absolute Stereochemistry of Natural Furanoeudesma-1,3-diene and Tubipofurane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blay, Gonzalo; Cardona, Luz; García, Begoña; Pedro, José R.; Sánchez, Juan J.

    1996-05-31

    Ketobutenolide 3, easily obtained from santonin (1), has been transformed into two natural furanoeudesmanes 4 and 5, isolated from Commiphora molmol and Tubipora musica, respectively. trans- And cis-decalin systems were obtained by stereoselective reduction of the C(4)-C(5) double bond in 3 in the following way: hydrogenation of 3 over Pd/C followed by acidic treatment gave the cis isomer 10 as the major product; selective hydrogenation of the C(1)-C(2) double bond with the Wilkinson's catalyst followed by reduction with NaTeH yielded mainly the trans isomer 9. Compounds 9 and 10 were transformed into 4 and 5 in parallel sequences. Optical rotation and CD measurements of the synthetic products revealed that the stereochemistry of both natural products should be revised to their enantiomeric form.

  20. The Androgen Receptor Gene Mutations Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlieb, B; Lehvaslaiho, H; Beitel, L K; Lumbroso, R; Pinsky, L; Trifiro, M

    1998-01-01

    The current version of the androgen receptor (AR) gene mutations database is described. The total number of reported mutations has risen from 272 to 309 in the past year. We have expanded the database: (i) by giving each entry an accession number; (ii) by adding information on the length of polymorphic polyglutamine (polyGln) and polyglycine (polyGly) tracts in exon 1; (iii) by adding information on large gene deletions; (iv) by providing a direct link with a completely searchable database (courtesy EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute). The addition of the exon 1 polymorphisms is discussed in light of their possible relevance as markers for predisposition to prostate or breast cancer. The database is also available on the internet (http://www.mcgill. ca/androgendb/ ), from EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute (ftp. ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/androgen ), or as a Macintosh FilemakerPro or Word file (MC33@musica.mcgill.ca).

  1. [Vibration-assisted music therapy reduces pain and promotes relaxation of para- and tetraplegic patients. A pilot study of psychiatric and physical effects of simultaneous acoustic and somatosensory music stimulation as pain management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariauzouls, C; Michel, D; Schiftan, Y

    1999-11-01

    Pain is a well known phenomenon in posttraumatic spinal cord injuries. Nearly 10% of the patients develop most severe, invalidizing, as a rule neurogenic pain conditions that are hardly accessible to conventional therapies. A pilot study was therefore conducted with 10 paraplegics and tetraplegics suffering chronic pain, investigating how vibration supported music therapy with the Musica Medica method affected pain experience, tension/relaxation and well-being. In addition to subjective experience, we measured physiological parameters (finger tip skin temperature, electrodermal activity, heart rate, respiration frequency) during the therapy sessions. All patients had a high acceptance of the method which throughout the group had brought about an increase in relaxation and well-being as well as a decrease of pain experience. The autonomic nervous system variables correlated with relaxation and in addition pointed to an activating impact of the therapy chosen.

  2. Notarum figura : l’écriture musicale et le monde des signes au IXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Henrik Aubert

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Quand l’auteur (ou les auteurs du traité De musica disciplina employèrent l’expression notarum figura pour parler de l’écriture musicale au milieu du IXe siècle, il a placé la notation dans le domaine d’une pluralité de marques écrites qui étaient aussi nommées notae : les signes prosodiques, les signes de ponctuation, parmi plusieurs autres. En faisant appel au mot figura dans la même expression – et aussi à forma –, le champ a été élargi davantage et l’écriture musicale a ainsi été potenti...

  3. The Chivalric Order of the ‘Nodo’, or of the Holy Spirit, and the Patronage of Niccolò Orsini in the church of Santa Maria Jacobi in Nola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Di Cerbo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the Angevin Kingdom of Naples, in the early fourteenth century the Orsini family initiated an urban enrichment in the Campanian city of Nola, that lasted for the entire century. This renovatio urbis focused on the representation of Orsini identity and authority in a variety of settings: during the 1354-1359, Count Niccolò, in fact, promoted the decoration of the conventual female church of Santa Maria Jacobi ordinis sanctae Clarae, making use of both secular and sacred themes, inspired by the medieval bestiaries, the courtly literature (the Lay of Aristotle, the Ovid's Metamorphoses and the st. Augustine's De Musica. The elaborate iconographic program, with its ties to the monarchical order of the Knot - or the Holy Spirit -, shows the role attributed to the nobility as champion of virtue and defensor of the Divine Order upon earth.

  4. Is there a relation between local bone quality as assessed on panoramic radiographs and alveolar bone level?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nackaerts, Olivia; Gijbels, Frieda; Sanna, Anna-Maria; Jacobs, Reinhilde

    2008-03-01

    The aim was to explore the relation between radiographic bone quality on panoramic radiographs and relative alveolar bone level. Digital panoramic radiographs of 94 female patients were analysed (mean age, 44.5; range, 35-74). Radiographic density of the alveolar bone in the premolar region was determined using Agfa Musica software. Alveolar bone level and bone quality index (BQI) were also assessed. Relationships between bone density and BQI on one hand and the relative loss of alveolar bone level on the other were assessed. Mandibular bone density and loss of alveolar bone level were weakly but significantly negatively correlated for the lower premolar area (r = -.27). The BQI did not show a statistically significant relation to alveolar bone level. Radiographic mandibular bone density on panoramic radiographs shows a weak but significant relation to alveolar bone level, with more periodontal breakdown for less dense alveolar bone.

  5. [Digital thoracic radiology: devices, image processing, limits].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frija, J; de Géry, S; Lallouet, F; Guermazi, A; Zagdanski, A M; De Kerviler, E

    2001-09-01

    In a first part, the different techniques of digital thoracic radiography are described. Since computed radiography with phosphore plates are the most commercialized it is more emphasized. But the other detectors are also described, as the drum coated with selenium and the direct digital radiography with selenium detectors. The other detectors are also studied in particular indirect flat panels detectors and the system with four high resolution CCD cameras. In a second step the most important image processing are discussed: the gradation curves, the unsharp mask processing, the system MUSICA, the dynamic range compression or reduction, the soustraction with dual energy. In the last part the advantages and the drawbacks of computed thoracic radiography are emphasized. The most important are the almost constant good quality of the pictures and the possibilities of image processing.

  6. «Oh che armonico fracasso»: un percorso didattico sul "Maestro di cappella" di Domenico Cimarosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Badolato

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Si presume che Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1801 abbia composto Il maestro di cappella tra il 1786 e il 1791 a Pietroburgo, dov’era stato invitato dalla zarina Caterina II. Non si conosce un autografo della musica, né un libretto. Un’unica fonte tramanda il brano, uno spartito per canto e piano edito a Lipsia da Hofmeister intorno al 1813, che lo definisce "ein burleskes Intermezzo" (intermezzo burlesco.Il percorso didattico qui proposto si indirizza alle classi dell’ultimo biennio della Scuola primaria; si lascia eventualmente estendere al prim’anno della Secondaria di primo grado.

  7. Su 1910. L'emancipazione della dissonanza: Correva l’anno 1910 il nichilismo conquistava l’Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerio Magrelli

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Pochi anni fa, Paolo Conti pubblicò da Laterza un libro intitolato 1969. Tutto in un anno. Rispetto al celebre Sessantotto, il testo riscopriva eventi di vasta portata: Jan Palach a Praga, piazza Fontana a Milano, il divorzio in Italia, il festival di Woodstock, canzoni come Mi ritorni in mente di Battisti e Abbey Road dei Beatles, film quali Easy Rider e Fellini Satyricon, fino allo sbarco dell’uomo sulla Luna. Da parte sua, mesi fa, Florian Illies ha presentato 1913. L’anno prima della tempesta (Marsilio, p. 303, 19,50 euro. Tra musica, arte e letteratura, l’autore studia Marcel Duchamp e Ludwig Kirchner, Stravinskij e Schönberg, quindi Kafka, Rilke, Brecht, scorgendo, sullo sfondo, Freud e Hitler. Ben diverso dal primo, più simile al secondo, appare adesso 1910. L’emancipazione della dissonanza, di Thomas Harrison (Editori Riuniti, p. 330, 20 euro.

  8. Stefano Jacoviello, "La rivincita di Orfeo. Esperienza estetica e semiotica del discorso musicale", Mimesis Edizioni, Milano – Udine, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Marconi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A partire dagli scritti di Roman Jakobson, Nicolas Ruwet, Jean-Jacques Nattiez e Gino Stefani, la relazione tra la semiotica e la musica è stata spesso affrontata da numerosi studiosi che anche oggi praticano, specie in Canada, in Finlandia e in Italia, la disciplina chiamata “semiotica (o semiologia della musica”. Negli ultimi anni, in questo ambito spesso si è preferito realizzare studi su alcuni problemi specifici piuttosto che concentrarsi su una teorizzazione generale. Al contrario, Stefano Jacoviello, dopo aver pubblicato brevi saggi di carattere prevalentemente analitico, in questo volume, di ampio respiro teorico, presenta una sorta di manifesto teso a rilanciare, specie in Italia, il ruolo della “semiotica del discorso musicale” come disciplina particolarmente adatta ad affrontare questioni teoriche generali.

  9. Music in Spain in the 1670s through the eyes of Sébastien Chièze and Constantijn Huygens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasch, Rudolf A.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution the various remarks about music in Spain that can be found in the correspondence between Sébastien Chièze (envoy on behalf of the Prince of Orange in Madrid and Constantijn Huygens (The Hague from 1672 to 1679 are discussed. Huygens asked Chièze to find for him a copy of Salinas’s De musica (1577, as well as Spanish airs and pieces for guitar. It took Chièze two years to find a copy of De musica in Spain and have it sent safely to Holland. Huygens did not like the Spanish airs sent by Chièze, by composers such as Juan del Vado, José Marín, Cristóbal Galán, and Juan Hidalgo. He found them too “African”. Nor did he like the guitar tablature, which turned the notation as he was used to seeing it upside down. Chièze also had a guitar made for Huygens in Madrid, but this instrument also met with disapproval. In the end, Chièze asked two Bolognese acquaintances, Giulio and Guido Bovio, to search for a suitable lute for Huygens in Bologna. They found two, but it is unknown whether these ever arrived in Holland. The contribution shows the importance of foreign (diplomatic contacts in the acquisition of musical articles, such as books about music, musical compositions and musical instruments.

    Este artículo trata de las diversas observaciones a propósito de la música en España, que se encuentran en la correspondencia entre Sébastien Chièze (embajador del Príncipe de Orange en Madrid y Constantijn Huygens (La Haya, entre 1672 y 1679. Huygens pidió a Chièze que le encontrara un ejemplar del De musica de Salinas (1577, así como tonadas españolas y piezas para guitarra. A Chièze le llevó dos años hallar una copia del De musica en territorio español y hacer que el libro llegara a Holanda sano y salvo. Las tonadas remitidas por Chièze (de compositores tales como Juan del Vado, José Marín, Cristóbal Galán y Juan Hidalgo, no gustaron nada a Huygens, que las halló demasiado “africanas”. Como

  10. Study of the musical dramaturgy in L'Orfeo, by Claudio Monteverdi, conducted from the tonal language of the composer : a proposal for a modern orchestration as dramaturgic appeal

    OpenAIRE

    Abel Luis Bernardo da Rocha

    2008-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar a realização de uma PARTITURA CONTEMPORÂNEA DE EXECUÇÃO da ópera L'Orfeo - Favola in Musica, de Claudio Monteverdi, composta em 1607, apresentada aqui como uma transcrição historicamente informada, sugerindo a utilização de uma mescla de recursos e instrumentos contemporâneos combinados àqueles específicos da prática musical do repertório setecentista. Tal realização embasou-se na teoria e prática musical do século XVII. Num primeiro moment...

  11. Music therapy in dementia care and neuro-rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2017-01-01

    medication. Music therapists,who play a role in staff training and supervision, and not only in direct music therapy practice, bring new important dimensions to how music therapy discipline is understood and how it is integrated in interdisciplinary work........ Then she turns her head away and wipes away a tear, clearly moved by his singing. In line with the increasing interest in applying music in medical care, the healing power of music has been recently highlighted in journals such as the Scientific American (Thompson & Schlaug 2015) and Musicae Scientiae...... (Croom 2015). In an article published in the journal Nature, the “surprising preservation of musical memory” in persons with Alzheimer’s Disease is explained (Jacobsen et al. 2015: 2439). The common goal for the dementia field is to advance and develop the culture of care. The music therapist may engage...

  12. Pianeti tra le note appunti di un astronomo divulgatore

    CERN Document Server

    Adamo, Angelo

    2010-01-01

    Una stella, otto pianeti, un centinaio di lune e una miriade di corpi minori tra plutini, asteroidi, comete, satelliti artificiali. E per ognuno di questi oggetti, spiegazioni scientifiche che condividono la scena con narrazioni dettate dal mito, con visioni della fanstascienza e con suggestioni sonore scaturite dalla penna di grandi compositori. L'autore prova a districarsi nella babele di idiomi più o meno precisi che da sempre vengono usati dagli uomini per descrivere il Sistema Solare nell'intento di spiegarlo e di rendere il freddo spazio interplanetario un posto più accogliente. La letteratura, la fisica, il fumetto, l'illustrazione, la musica finalmente cooperano per delineare un possibile percorso, una traiettoria fra le tante, che condurrà il lettore dalle origini del linguaggio fino alla nube di Oort.

  13. A review of Kudoa-induced myoliquefaction of marine fish species in South Africa and other countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun S. Henning

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Myoliquefaction of fish musculature results in customer quality complaints and in huge economic losses, especially with regard to Pacific hake (Merluccius productus, farm-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, South African pilchards (Sardinops ocellatus and Cape snoek (Thyrsites atun. Myoliquefaction, or jelly flesh, is caused by proteolytic enzymes released by the marine myxosporean parasite,Kudoa thyrsites, after the death of the fish. Currently there are no fast methods of detection for this microscopic parasite, and because myoliquefaction is evident only after 38-56 h post-mortem, infected fish inevitably reach the processor and/or consumer. Several methods of detection have been investigated, but most of these methods are time-consuming and/or result in destruction of the fish, and are thus impractical for fishing vessels and fish processors. Limited research is available on possible means of destroying or inhibiting the post-mortem activity of the parasitic proteolytic enzyme. Means such as manipulating post-mortem pH and temperature control have been suggested; leaving opportunities for research into food technology applications such as cold-chain management and ionising radiation.

  14. Satellite remote sensing prediction of Japanese pilchard fishing ground in the Huanghai Sea and the East China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨纪明; 顾传宬; 李丽云; 李军; 高崇义; 李文泽

    1995-01-01

    The thermophily, fishing season and central fishing ground of Japanese pilchard (Sardinops melanosticta) were studied by using satellite remote sensing (SRS) and other methods in Haizhou Bay and Tsushima waters during 1986 -1990. A rapid prediction method of fishing ground is presented. Moreover. the results indicated that the thermophilic values of the fish stock are 11 - 20℃ and both fishing grounds are in increasing temperature process from the beginning to the end of the fishing period. The Japanese pilchards gather vigorously at the sea surface temperature of 15-17℃. The water temperature is a key factor affecting the fishing season and the catch of the fishing ground. The increasing temperature process restricts the fishing season development and central fishing ground formation. The accuracy of 15 predictions made in the Haizhou Bay fishing ground is up to 91.3%, and 37 predictions made in the Tsushima fishing ground shorten the fish detection time by 13.4% - 22% on the average.

  15. Mixed layer depth variations in the Kuroshio Extension in relation to Japanese sardine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasuda, I.; Nishikawa, H.; Itoh, S.

    2008-12-01

    Mixed layer depths in and south of the Kuroshio Extension changed from deep to shallow states in the late- 1980s and early-1990s. This change corresponded to the collapse of Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus). This mixed layer shoaling was accompanied by lower temperature in 200-400m depths and higher temperature near the surface. Wintertime field survey in 2006 (Hakuho-maru KH06-1 cruise) demonstrated that late winter maximum mixed layer depth reach deeper with the greater isothermal depth of 14-15degC and higher temperature in 300-400m depth. High-resolution ocean model hindcast data suggests that the accelerated near-surface Kuroshio/Kuroshio Extension associated with the elevated sea-surface height anomaly enhanced the heat transport near the surface. This greater heat advection near the surface overrides the cooler subtropical mode water that was created in the previous years possibly causes the shallower winter mixed layer and collapse of the Japanese sardine.

  16. Fish larvae from the Gulf of California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Aceves-Medina

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Taxonomic composition of fish larvae was analysed from 464 plankton samples obtained during 10 oceanographic surveys in the Gulf of California between 1984 and 1988. We identified 283 taxa: 173 species, 57 genera, and 53 families. Tropical and subtropical species predominated except during the winter, when temperate-subarctic species were dominant. The most abundant species were the mesopelagic Benthosema panamense, Triphoturus mexicanus and Vinciguerria lucetia, but the coastal pelagic species Engraulis mordax, Opisthonema spp., Sardinops caeruleus and Scomber japonicus were also prominent. The taxonomic composition of the ichthyoplankton shows the seasonality of the Gulf as well as environmental changes that occurred between the 1984-1987 warm period and the 1956-1957 cool period previously reported. The presence of E. mordax larvae as one of the most abundant species in the Gulf provides evidence of the reproduction of this species two years before the development of the northern anchovy fishery and the decline of the sardine fishery in the Gulf of California.

  17. Constraining Ecosystem Gross Primary Production and Transpiration with Measurements of Photosynthetic 13CO2 Discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blonquist, J. M.; Wingate, L.; Ogeé, J.; Bowling, D. R.

    2011-12-01

    The stable carbon isotope composition of atmospheric CO2 (δ13Ca) can provide useful information on water use efficiency (WUE) dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems and potentially constrain models of CO2 and water fluxes at the land surface. This is due to the leaf-level relationship between photosynthetic 13CO2 discrimination (Δ), which influences δ13Ca, and the ratio of leaf intercellular to atmospheric CO2 mole fractions (Ci / Ca), which is related to WUE and is determined by the balance between C assimilation (CO2 demand) and stomatal conductance (CO2 supply). We used branch-scale Δ derived from tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy measurements collected in a Maritime pine forest to estimate Ci / Ca variations over an entire growing season. We combined Ci / Ca estimates with rates of gross primary production (GPP) derived from eddy covariance (EC) to estimate canopy-scale stomatal conductance (Gs) and transpiration (T). Estimates of T were highly correlated to T estimates derived from sapflow data (y = 1.22x + 0.08; r2 = 0.61; slope P MuSICA) (y = 0.88x - 0.05; r2 = 0.64; slope P MuSICA (y = 1.10 + 0.42; r2 = 0.50; slope P < 0.001). Results demonstrate that the leaf-level relationship between Δ and Ci / Ca can be extended to the canopy-scale and that Δ measurements have utility for partitioning ecosystem-scale CO2 and water fluxes.

  18. Partitioning net ecosystem carbon exchange into net assimilation and respiration using 13CO2 measurements: A cost-effective sampling strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    OgéE, J.; Peylin, P.; Ciais, P.; Bariac, T.; Brunet, Y.; Berbigier, P.; Roche, C.; Richard, P.; Bardoux, G.; Bonnefond, J.-M.

    2003-06-01

    The current emphasis on global climate studies has led the scientific community to set up a number of sites for measuring the long-term biosphere-atmosphere net CO2 exchange (net ecosystem exchange, NEE). Partitioning this flux into its elementary components, net assimilation (FA), and respiration (FR), remains necessary in order to get a better understanding of biosphere functioning and design better surface exchange models. Noting that FR and FA have different isotopic signatures, we evaluate the potential of isotopic 13CO2 measurements in the air (combined with CO2 flux and concentration measurements) to partition NEE into FR and FA on a routine basis. The study is conducted at a temperate coniferous forest where intensive isotopic measurements in air, soil, and biomass were performed in summer 1997. The multilayer soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer model MuSICA is adapted to compute 13CO2 flux and concentration profiles. Using MuSICA as a "perfect" simulator and taking advantage of the very dense spatiotemporal resolution of the isotopic data set (341 flasks over a 24-hour period) enable us to test each hypothesis and estimate the performance of the method. The partitioning works better in midafternoon when isotopic disequilibrium is strong. With only 15 flasks, i.e., two 13CO2 nighttime profiles (to estimate the isotopic signature of FR) and five daytime measurements (to perform the partitioning) we get mean daily estimates of FR and FA that agree with the model within 15-20%. However, knowledge of the mesophyll conductance seems crucial and may be a limitation to the method.

  19. Daily food intake of Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887 off Cabo San Lucas, Gulf of California, Mexico Tasa de consumo diario de alimento de Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887 frente a Cabo San Lucas, golfo de California, México

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    Leonardo A Abitia-Cárdenas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The daily food intake rates of the striped marlin, Kajikia audax (Perciformes: Istiophoridae, were estimated using qualitative and quantitative analyses of their trophic spectrum. We analyzed the stomach contents of 505 striped marlin caught by the sport fishing fleet off Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico, sampled from October 1987 through December 1989. The most important preys were chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus, California pilchard (Sardinops caeruleus, and jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas; together these represented ~55% of the striped marlin diet. The daily food consumption was estimated to be 2 kg per day, or ~3.6% of the mean body weight of K. audax. The total biomass of the prey consumed by the striped marlin during the 27 months of sampling around Los Cabos was estimated at 24.8 ton, of which the chub mackerel represented ~29% (7.2 ton, California pilchard just under 16% (3.9 ton, and jumbo squid ~10% (2.5 ton. The feeding habits of K. audax are discussed in terms of the distribution of the epipelagic (neritic and oceanic zones, demersal, and benthic prey, confirming that striped marlin migrate vertically and horizontally in search of their food.Se estimó la tasa de consumo diario de alimento del marlín rayado Kajikia audax (Perciformes: Istiophoridae, sobre la base de análisis cualitativos y cuantitativos de su espectro trófico. Se analizó el contenido estomacal de 505 ejemplares capturados por la flota deportiva frente a Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, México muestreados de octubre 1987 a diciembre 1989. Las presas más importantes fueron la macarela del Pacífico (Scomber japonicus, sardina monterrey (Sardinops caeruleus y calamar gigante (Dosidicus gigas, que en conjunto representaron aproximadamente el 55% de la dieta. La tasa de consumo de alimento fue estimado en 2 kg diarios, lo cual representó aproximadamente el 3,6% del peso corporal de K. audax. La biomasa total de presas consumidas por el marlín rayado

  20. Fish community structure in San Agustín Bay, Huatulco, Mexico Estructura comunitaria de peces en bahía San Agustín, Huatulco, México

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    MARTÍN RAMÍREZ-GUTIÉRREZ

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available San Agustín bay is one of the most important bays in the Huatulco National Park because it includes the broadest coral reef surface of this park, which supports a great diversity of fish species. The importance of the present work is that describes quantitatively, for first time, the fish assemblage of this reef area. Visual censuses were realized on transects, according to the coral reef size, on coral and rocky reefs, and coral rubble environments. 64 species, 46 genus and 29 families were registered. Seasonal variation in fish assemblage was observed; reflecting the influence of pelagic shoaling species associated with the Gulf of Tehuantepec upwelling, during the dry season. Thus species were Selar crumenophthalmus, Caranx caninus, and Sardinops caeruleus. For species more closely associated to the reef habitat little seasonal variation was observed for each species, except Chromis atrilobata, which exhibited high density during the dry season. Pomacentrids exhibited more affinity for coral reef, labrids and haemulids for coral rubble environments. The highest diversity values were on coral rubble and the highest density was on the coral reef. Our study suggests that in this region, the Gulf of Tehuantepec upwelling is an important factor as well as the heterogeneity of habitats in shaping the fish assemblages, which must be protected to maintain the biodiversity of this important ecosystemLa bahía de San Agustín es una de las más importantes del Parque Nacional Huatulco debido a que incluye al arrecife coralino más grande de este parque, el cual alberga una gran diversidad de especies de peces. La importancia del presente trabajo es describir cuantitativamente, por primera vez, la comunidad de peces de este habitat de arrecifes. Para ello se realizaron censos visuales en transectos de acuerdo al tamaño de los ambientes coralino, rocoso y de escombros. 64 especies, 46 géneros y 29 familias fueron registrados. Se observaron cambios

  1. Cestodes of the blue shark, Prionace glauca (Linnaeus 1758), (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae), off the west coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, Oscar; Galván-Magaña, Felipe

    2016-03-03

    The cestode species recovered from the spiral intestines of 27 blue sharks (Prionace glauca) (Linnaeus, 1758) are reported from the western coast of Baja California Sur (BCS). The sampling was undertaken on a monthly basis from January 2003 to January 2004. The helminthological examination indicated the presence of four species of cestodes: Platybothrium auriculatum Yamaguti, 1952; Prosobothrium japonicum Yamaguti, 1934; Anthobothrium caseyi (Yamaguti, 1934) Ruhnke & Caira, 2009; and Paraorygmatobothrium prionacis (Yamaguti, 1934) Ruhnke, 1994. Of all the 27 sharks examined, 88.8% were infected with at least one cestode species. The most frequent species was P. auriculatum infecting 85% of the spiral intestines examined. In contrast the species with the highest mean intensity was P. prionacis (80.4 200). The species richness of cestodes in P. glauca is very similar in other regions of the world despite its wide distribution; however, this richness is low compared with other species of sharks within the same family. The feeding and host-specific are important factors that influence the parameters of infection of cestodes in this shark. On the west coast of BCS, Prionace glauca feeds mainly on red crab Pleuroncodes planipes Stimpson, 1860; squids Gonatus californiensis Young, 1972, Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (D'Orbigny, 1842), Haliphron atlanticus Steenstrup, 1861, and low proportion of fish teleosts as Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855), Sardinops sp. Hubbs, 1929 and Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1872. We speculate that these prey could be involved as the second intermediate hosts of these cestodes, as in other members of these genera, although the life cycles of none are known.

  2. INSEGNARE LETTERATURA ATTRAVERSO IL GLOTTODRAMA A STUDENTI DI ITALIANO LS/L2

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    Antonietta Gobbis

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In occasione del 750° anniversario della nascita di Dante Alighieri gli studenti dell’Università delle Lingue Mondiali di Tashkent (Uzbekistan hanno dedicato uno spettacolo alla “Divina Commedia”. Questo progetto, una performance musicale-teatrale, è stato presentato presso la Libreria Statale Alisher Navoi durante la XV Settimana della Lingua Italiana nel  Mondodal titolo “L’Italiano della musica, la musica dell’Italiano”.Insegnare la Letteratura attraverso il teatro è stata un’esperienza molto soddisfacente perché abbiamo potuto constatare negli studenti un sensibile miglioramento della competenza comunicativa orale, della creatività e della fiducia in sé stessi. Essa si è basata su principi didattici derivati dal teatro di Strasberg, Brecht, Boal e sul Glottodrama, un’innovativa metodologia che intende combinare l’approccio comunicativo alle tecniche e strategie drammatiche nell’apprendimento delle lingue straniere. Fulcro di questo metodo è la struttura dell’unità didattica: la sequenza performance-riflessione-performance sostituisce quella consueta di riflessione-performance-riflessione permettendo all’apprendente l’immediata identificazione nel personaggio attraverso il role-playing ed una migliore comprensione delle situazioni. Teaching Italian Literature through GlottodramaOn occasion of the 750th anniversary of the birth of Dante Alighieri, students at the University of World Languages in Tashkent dedicated a performance of the “Divina Commedia” to the author. The project, that brought together music and theatre, was presented at the Uzbek Alisher Navoiin State Library during the XV World Italian Language Week entitled “The Italian of Music, the Music of Italian”.Teaching literature through drama was a very successful experience because students were able to improve their fluency, creativity and self-confidence in speaking considerably. The project was based on the didactic principles of

  3. Educare educando all'opera: socialità e individualità nella 'Fanciulla del West' di Puccini

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    Andrea Chegai

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In svariate occasioni i musicologi hanno posto l’accento sull’efficacia educativa dell’opera per lo sviluppo della dimensione sentimentale di soggetti a diversi livelli scolari. Insegnare a cogliere la valenza drammatica di una scena o di un’aria e delle passioni che la animano tramite i contenuti del testo verbale e l’assetto musicale stabilito dal compositore è un ottimo viatico per educare all’ascolto della musica cogliendo le opportunità che essa offre a livello di formazione generale. A questo aspetto potrebbe essere utilmente affiancata la componente interrelazionale che costituisce la sostanza di cui si approvvigiona il teatro musicale di ogni epoca e tradizione. In quanto dramma, l’opera in musica inscena vicende fondate su relazioni interpersonali molteplici; sodalizi e dissidi, legami familiari e amorosi, passioni apparenti o tacite, aspirazioni legittime o illecite e ostacoli che si frappongono al loro conseguimento, socialità o viceversa solitudini ed isolamento. A ognuna di queste condizioni è nella finzione drammatica garantito diritto di esistenza. Persino la crudeltà o l’inganno possono mostrarsi seducenti, in un duetto, ma un ascolto competente riesce a darne conto e a smascherarli. La solitudine di un monologo procura all’opera di ogni tempo esiti musicalmente ragguardevoli, e anche in questo caso se ne può trarre un utile in termini di educazione affettiva (non c’è niente di sbagliato nel sentirsi soli e diversi dagli altri: è uno stato che serve alla crescita e può persino generare bellezza. Buoni e cattivi si confrontano, e come nella vita reale capita che tanto gli uni quanto gli altri possano avere la meglio: l’intreccio del dramma aiuterà a comprendere cosa eventualmente è andato storto; e come nella vita reale capita anche che buoni e cattivi si confondano fra loro. L’opera, contraddistinta dalla presentificazione specifica dei generi performativi, e anche per questo di forte presa

  4. Teorie e pratiche d’avanguardia. Il "Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization" e le espansioni modali nell’universo sonoro di Charles Mingus

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    Alessandro Cossu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Charles Mingus (1922-1979 è una di quelle figure affascinanti del panorama jazzistico che sembrano offrire sempre nuovi spunti a seconda di come le si guardi. L’interesse che molti hanno manifestato nei confronti del suo lavoro si lega in particolare alla sua attività di compositore e ai numerosi elementi della sua musica che fanno apparire la dicitura “jazz” come un vestito un po’ stretto. Costantemente in bilico tra blues, swing, bebop e le numerose esplorazioni nell’ambito del modernismo o dell'avanguardia, in Mingus l’innovazione stilistica si fonde perfettamente con la volontà di rendere omaggio alla tradizione afroamericana. In questo senso il suo lavoro più ambizioso e rappresentativo è costituito da Epitaph, summa del percorso artistico ed esistenziale del suo autore. Il discorso sarà incentrato sull’analisi del linguaggio armonico e melodico utilizzato da Mingus, per la quale si cercherà un appoggio nei principi esposti da George Russell nel suo Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization sviluppato a partire dagli anni Cinquanta, un testo che diede un impulso fondamentale alla nascita di quel jazz modale celebrato, soprattutto attraverso i lavori di Miles Davis quali Milestones e Kind of Blue, come una delle maggiori conquiste della musica afro-americana. Si tratta del primo vero sistema teorico originale del jazz, fino a quel momento esclusivamente riferito ai principi tonali europei. Il merito del LCC è soprattutto quello di spostare l’attenzione dal “generale” (ciò che è l’interesse della tonalità verso una visione “particolare” dei singoli oggetti sonori, concepiti come entità autonome all’interno del “tutto” musicale. Questo si riflette soprattutto nell’approccio all’improvvisazione, dove la linea melodica del solista e gli accordi della sezione ritmica sono differenti sviluppi sulla linea del tempo di una stesso oggetto musicale (quello che Russell chiama

  5. A música como atividade de desenvolvimento da linguagem e socialização em crianças de 1 a 2 anos

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    Sueli Fátima Gonçalves

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado através de pesquisa e teve como objetivo verificar a importância da música na aprendizagem de crianças de 1 a 2 anos de idade e evidenciar a contribuição de atividades com música no processo de aquisição da linguagem e no processo de socialização dessas crianças com a professora e os colegas em sala de aula. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram crianças de uma turma de maternal de uma creche no município de Sinop-MT, suas professoras e a coordenadora da referida creche. Para desenvolver o trabalho, foi elaborado e utilizado um roteiro de observação, onde foram feitas as anotações julgadas pertinentes, e um guia para uma entrevista em forma de questionário com as professoras e coordenadora. Foi possível observar o comportamento das crianças bem como o interesse delas pelas atividades que envolviam a utilização de músicas. Após as observações realizadas e análises das informações levantadas, pode-se evidenciar aqui a importância da musica como instrumento facilitador da aprendizagem nas crianças. As professoras entrevistadas afirmam que o aprendizado e a socialização da criança com o meio fica mais fácil de ser desenvolvida quando elas utilizam a musica nas atividades. Ressaltamos aqui a importância da abordagem dessas informações nos cursos de Licenciatura, pois esses futuros profissionais é que deverão estimular a criança pra uma aprendizagem participativa em sala e, ainda, ser o agente facilitador da aprendizagem que se espera dessas crianças.Palavras-chave: educação; educação infantil; música; linguagem; socialização.

  6. Effect of image quality on calcification detection in digital mammography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Lucy M; Mackenzie, Alistair; Cooke, Julie; Given-Wilson, Rosalind M; Wallis, Matthew G; Chakraborty, Dev P; Dance, David R; Bosmans, Hilde; Young, Kenneth C

    2012-06-01

    This study aims to investigate if microcalcification detection varies significantly when mammographic images are acquired using different image qualities, including: different detectors, dose levels, and different image processing algorithms. An additional aim was to determine how the standard European method of measuring image quality using threshold gold thickness measured with a CDMAM phantom and the associated limits in current EU guidelines relate to calcification detection. One hundred and sixty two normal breast images were acquired on an amorphous selenium direct digital (DR) system. Microcalcification clusters extracted from magnified images of slices of mastectomies were electronically inserted into half of the images. The calcification clusters had a subtle appearance. All images were adjusted using a validated mathematical method to simulate the appearance of images from a computed radiography (CR) imaging system at the same dose, from both systems at half this dose, and from the DR system at quarter this dose. The original 162 images were processed with both Hologic and Agfa (Musica-2) image processing. All other image qualities were processed with Agfa (Musica-2) image processing only. Seven experienced observers marked and rated any identified suspicious regions. Free response operating characteristic (FROC) and ROC analyses were performed on the data. The lesion sensitivity at a nonlesion localization fraction (NLF) of 0.1 was also calculated. Images of the CDMAM mammographic test phantom were acquired using the automatic setting on the DR system. These images were modified to the additional image qualities used in the observer study. The images were analyzed using automated software. In order to assess the relationship between threshold gold thickness and calcification detection a power law was fitted to the data. There was a significant reduction in calcification detection using CR compared with DR: the alternative FROC (AFROC) area decreased from

  7. J. S. Bach: Técnica de composición como explicatio textus

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    González Valle, José V.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available During the XVII to XVIII centuries, musical theorists, especially in Protestant circles compiled, classified and published diverse constructive procedures (figures used by renaissance composers and their immediate precursors in order to express sub specie musicae the meaning of texts. In this way, composition techniques became "idiomatical". J. S. Bach's contribution in this field has been investigated and acknowledged by musicologists throughout history. For some time now, evangelical theology has been taking an interest in that particular aspect of Bach's music, as it is obvious that in order to find an explanation for texts both devout and biblical it is often useful to analyse artistic expressions of the said texts, given that, going down that path theology will learn to understand and listen to them in a new light. That is where music, more so than other art forms, acquires special importance.Durante los siglos XVII-XVIII, los teóricos de música, especialmente en ambientes protestantes, recogen, sistematizan y dan a conocer diversos procedimientos constructivos (figuras usados por los compositores renacentistas e inmediatamente posteriores para expresar sub specie musicae el contenido del texto. De este modo, la técnica de composición musical se va "idiomatizando". La aportación de J. S. Bach, en este sentido, ha sido estudiada y reconocida por la musicología histórica. Hace un tiempo, también la teología evangélica ha comenzado a interesarse en este aspecto de la música de Bach, pues parece claro, que la explicación de los textos bíblicos o devocionales puede tener éxito por medio del trabajo artístico sobre dichos textos, ya que, por este camino, la teología aprende a oírlos y entenderlos de un modo nuevo. Es aquí donde la música, mucho más que el resto de las artes, adquiere una especial importancia.

  8. Danijela Kulezic-Wilson, "The Musicality of Narrative Film", Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2015

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    Maurizio Corbella

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available La musicalità del cinema è un tema dibattuto fin dalle origini della settima arte. A livello ermeneutico-interpretativo, l’incontro tra i due media avviene essenzialmente sul terreno della metafora: il "musicale" fa sovente capolino nel linguaggio del cinema a vari livelli di produzione e ricezione, specialmente quando gli addetti ai lavori – siano essi registi, sound designer, compositori o critici – lo scelgono per descrivere le ragioni meno immediate di alcune opzioni espressive. La teoria audiovisiva non si è tirata indietro quando si è trattato di utilizzare in campo cinematografico nozioni esplicative di origine musicale: si va dal classico contrappunto audiovisivo di Sergej Éjzenštejn,ripreso e discusso in moltissime sedi, al “musicalismo” - termine spregiativo con cui Noël Burch stigmatizzò l’«insistenza nevrotica a rintracciare valori astratti, quasi musicali nel cinema mainstream» - all’analogia tra musica e cinema cui David Bordwell dedicò un saggio seminale, fino al più recente concetto di musical multimedia in Nicholas Cook, che rappresenta uno snodo metodologico influente sugli studi più recenti, compreso il volume qui in oggetto.

  9. Creativity and images in two Schubert Lieder: a didactic approach

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    Giuseppina La Face

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to compare two significantly different Lieder by Franz Schubert, both composed in 1823, and sharing a mutual theme, water. In Auf dem Wasser zu singen (D 774 the water runs: what we have is a fluid, dynamic, unstable element. In Des Baches Wiegenlied (D 795, no. 20 the water stagnates in a draining, deadly calm. Nevertheless, the sound representations of these very distant poetic images share the same formal structure: they are both strophic Lieder. The distinction lies elsewhere: in the ductus, the metric-rhythmical scheme of the verses (dactylic hendecasyllables in the former, Knittelverse in the latter, and hence of the melody. More in general, the differentiating element lies in the relationship between voice and piano, text and music.A close examination of the two Lieder easily lends itself to an illustration of the processes that govern ‘creativity’ in a composer like Schubert, who combines an extraordinary inventiveness with a perfect mastery of form. In fact, what is referred to as ‘creativity’ can hardly be reduced to such categories as ‘inspiration’ or ‘spontaneity’ (as it is often taken to mean in music education classes, but implies a trained ability to recombine and reprocess data and techniques one has already acquired.

  10. Music and Emotion. Review of "Music and Emotion", monographic issue of the journal «Music Analysis», edited by Michael Spitzer, n. 29/1-2-3 (2010

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    Mario Baroni

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The last fifteen years have seen the development of a lively interest, on an international scale, in the topic of emotion in music, documented by numerous noteworthy publications: the two volumes edited by Juslin and Sloboda [2001; 2010], the monographic issues of the journal «Musicae Scientiae» published in 2001 and 2011, and many other texts published in various parts of the world. The topic is not without repercussions also for those involved in musical analysis; and it is no mere chance that the English journal «Music Analysis» chose to dedicate the volume we are now reviewing to the subject. The contributions contained in the volume derive from an international meeting held in Durham in September 2009 and offer a fairly lively cross-section of a wide series of questions. Our only regret is that with the exception of three nordic names (Juslin, Lindström and Eerola, whose place is now solidly established in English language publications all the authors come from the now almost self-referential context of British or American research. But of course this is nothing new.

  11. GIANFRANCO BETTETINI, Il timpano dell’occhio. Gli intrecci e i giochi dei suoni e delle immagini, Milano, Bompiani, 2009

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    Alessandro Bratus

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il timpano dell’occhio di Gianfranco Bettetini è uno studio dedicato all’analisi semiotica dei testi audiovisivi. Nel volume l’autore si propone di indagare gli effetti che l’azione «strutturalmente sinergica e compatta» (p. 9 di suono e immagine produce sullo spettatore. Lungo tale percorso, Bettetini affronta un nodo cruciale degli studi attuali sulla comunicazione audiovisiva, offrendo allo stesso tempo un prezioso compendio della letteratura semiotica sull’argomento. Nella prima parte del volume lo studioso definisce le linee essenziali di un nuovo approccio metodologico che integra, con la sociologia e la psicologia, il quadro delle discipline che si sono occupate sistematicamente di analisi del testo filmico dal secondo dopoguerra in avanti. Nella seconda parte l’autore prende in esame quattro lungometraggi: Caterina va in città (2003 di Paolo Virzì, Notturno Bus (2007 di Davide Marengo, Il flauto magico (2007 di Kenneth Branagh e La fine del mondo – Ministoria della musica in un tempo (1969 dello stesso Bettetini.

  12. Parodia musical como recurso educativo para estudiar conceptos ambientales

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    Tafarel Fernandes Tavares de Melo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La práctica de asociar a la musica sus factores sociales se refleja en el aprendizaje en diferentes niveles y ambientes, por lo que es una característica potencialmente constructivo.En este trabajo tomamos la parodia como un elemento para estudiar cómo la música contribuye al desarrollo de la conciencia mediante la investigación de los conceptos ambientales expresadas por los estudiantes de Ensino Médio (Escuela Secundaria. Por lo tanto, al final de un curso corto realizado en una escuela pública en Campina Grande – PB (Brasil, fueron construidos parodias por estudiantes que recibieron tratamiento de los datos cualitativos, como se propone en la "análisis temática" (Bardin, 2011.Los elementos que surgieron del análisis contribuyeron al conocimiento de los conceptos expresados por los participantes en relación con el medio ambiente, las relaciones sociales y el proyecto de jardín escolar desarrollado en el campo de estudio, clasificados en identificación, conceptos ambientales amplios y conceptos ambientales estrictos.Señaló la importancia de la parodia como recurso estimulante a la construcción de conciencia crítica, haciendolo un gran articulador para la comprensión de diversos conocimientos circunscritos dentro de las Ciencias Naturales.

  13. DR Value in Diagnosing Sacrum and Coccyx Trauma Injury%直接数字X线摄影诊断骶尾骨外伤的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高登发; 贾红; 张爱莲; 贾楠

    2005-01-01

    目的:探讨直接数字X线摄影(d1rect digital radiograph,DR),诊断骶尾骨外伤的价值.材料和方法:88例臀部外伤患者摄DR并行"交响乐"(Multi-Scale Image Contrast Amplification,MUSICA)后处理,其中40例同时摄X线片.根据图像显示骶尾骨结构及其周围软组织和骨折、脱位的情况,探讨二者的质量.结果:88例中,DR图像清晰显示骶尾骨结构及其周围软组织和骨折、脱位分别为64例、47例和29例.40例DR与X线片对比,DR清晰显示骶尾骨结构27例,周围软组织22例,骨折、脱位10例,而X线片仅清晰显示骶尾骨结构8例和骨折、脱位7例,软组织显示不满意,漏诊3例.结论:DR诊断骶尾骨外伤比X线片更为有效.

  14. 直接数字X线摄影诊断骶尾骨外伤的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春芹; 方华盛; 梁萍; 林信; 谢敏; 蔡金华; 李冬嫒

    2007-01-01

    目的:探讨直接数字化摄影(Digital Radiography,DR),诊断骶尾骨骨折的价值.材料与方法:160例臀部外伤患者,80例摄DR并进行"交响乐"(Multi-scale Image Amplification,MUSICA)后处理,另外80例常规X线摄片,根据图像显示骶尾骨骨折结构及周围软组织和骨折脱位的情况,探讨二者的质量.结果:160例中,80例DR与X线平片对比,DR清晰显示骶尾骨结构64例,周围软组织45例,骨折、脱位29例,而X线片仅清晰显示骶尾骨结构16例和骨折、脱位14例、软组织显示不满意,漏诊3例.结论:DR诊断骶尾骨外伤比常规X线更为有效.

  15. Dal poli-logo al mono-logo: Un monologo del principe Myškin per il balletto-pantomima L’Idiota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enza Dammiano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Il Monologo del principe Myškin (Ein Monolog des Fürsten Myschkin zu der Ballettpantomime Der Idiot composto da Ingeborg Bachmann per il balletto-pantomima L’Idiota, si presenta come ri-composizione lirica del romanzo dostoevskijano. Musicata dal compositore Hans Werner Henze con coreografie di Tatjana Gsovsky, l’opera fu pubblicata nella seconda edizione della raccolta Il tempo dilazionato (Die gestundete Zeit, 1953 e rappresentata per la prima volta solo nel gennaio del 1960. Il monologo affida al principe Myškin le diverse voci di quella complessa ‘partitura’ che è L’Idiota: i suoi protagonisti diventano i personaggi della pantomima; le vicende narrate si trasfigurano in passi di danza; mentre il principe Myškin assume l’unica voce lirica che emerge dal silenzio. L’analisi comparata delle due opere mette in luce un molteplice passaggio di codice, in cui il tessuto dialogico, o meglio poli-logico, della narrazione dostoevskjana si riconfigura in parola poetica: il principe Myškin avanza sulla scena, attraversa il silenzio fino a un’afasica incoscienza che si sublima nel connubio di musica e danza.

  16. Water and light improvement after thinning at a xeric site: Which weights the most? A dual isotope approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuggiola, Arnaud; Ogée, Jérôme; Gessler, Arthur; Rigling, Andreas; Bugmann, Harald; Treydte, Kerstin

    2015-04-01

    Reductions in stand density foster individual tree growth due to increases of resources such as water, light and nutrients. Detailed knowledge of the short- to long-term physiological response underlying the growth response to thinning is crucial for the management of forests already suffering from recurrent drought-induced dieback. We applied a dual isotope approach together with mechanistic isotope models such as MuSICA to study the physiological processes underlying growth enhancement in a long-term thinning experiment in a xeric Pinus sylvestris forest in Switzerland. This approach allowed for identifying and disentangling changes in stomatal conductance and assimilation rate. Our results indicate that an increase in stomatal conductance outweighs an increase in assimilation, meaning that the observed growth releases in heavy thinned trees at our xeric site are primarily driven by enhanced water availability rather than by the increase in light availability. We conclude that in areas with isohydric species (drought avoiders) that tend to grow close to their physiological limits, thinning is highly recommended to maintain a less negative water balance and thus foster tree growth, and ultimately the survival rate of individual trees and forests.

  17. 《剑桥西方音乐理论发展史》绪论部分(节选)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    托马斯·克里斯坦森; 任达敏

    2011-01-01

    卡尔·达尔豪斯( Karl Dahlhaus)告诫过我们,音乐理论是一个尽人皆知的自我阻碍其历史发展的主题.他向我们提出了挑战:对于一个在历史的进程中不断剧烈变化的学科而言,有可能为这个学科的历史做出有意义的总结吗?①我们在今天视为理所当然的可作为音乐理论之组成部分的音乐教育的论题,在过去并非总是被如此看待,比如,对位写作或实现数字低音的原则.相反,构成"理论音乐"( musica theorica)的"四门学科"(quadrivial)的许多传统成分,现在被视为边缘性的主题,被认为与神秘和深奥的思想密切相关,或者退一步讲,或许是某个数学或音响学分支学科的一部分.

  18. Opto-mechanical design of an image slicer for the GRIS spectrograph at GREGOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega Reyes, N.; Esteves, M. A.; Sánchez-Capuchino, J.; Salaun, Y.; López, R. L.; Gracia, F.; Estrada Herrera, P.; Grivel, C.; Vaz Cedillo, J. J.; Collados, M.

    2016-07-01

    An image slicer has been proposed for the Integral Field Spectrograph [1] of the 4-m European Solar Telescope (EST) [2] The image slicer for EST is called MuSICa (Multi-Slit Image slicer based on collimator-Camera) [3] and it is a telecentric system with diffraction limited optical quality offering the possibility to obtain high resolution Integral Field Solar Spectroscopy or Spectro-polarimetry by coupling a polarimeter after the generated slit (or slits). Considering the technical complexity of the proposed Integral Field Unit (IFU), a prototype has been designed for the GRIS spectrograph at GREGOR telescope at Teide Observatory (Tenerife), composed by the optical elements of the image slicer itself, a scanning system (to cover a larger field of view with sequential adjacent measurements) and an appropriate re-imaging system. All these subsystems are placed in a bench, specially designed to facilitate their alignment, integration and verification, and their easy installation in front of the spectrograph. This communication describes the opto-mechanical solution adopted to upgrade GRIS while ensuring repeatability between the observational modes, IFU and long-slit. Results from several tests which have been performed to validate the opto-mechanical prototypes are also presented.

  19. Modelling drought-induced dieback of Aleppo pine at the arid timberline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingate, Lisa; Preisler, Yakir; Bert, Didier; Rotenberg, Eyal; Yakir, Dan; Maseyk, Kadmiel; Ogee, Jerome

    2016-04-01

    During the mid 1960's an ambitious afforestation programme was initiated in the Negev desert of Israel. After five decades enduring harsh growing conditions, the Aleppo pine forest of Yatir is now exhibiting signs of 'drought-induced' dieback. Since 2010, 5-10% of the entire Yatir population have died, however the pattern of mortality is extremely patchy with some areas exhibiting >80% mortality whilst others display none. In this presentation, we reflect on historic climatic and edaphic conditions that have triggered this landscape mosaic of survival and mortality and how physiological and hydraulic traits vary within this patchwork. In addition, we explore how these pine trees have responded physiologically over recent years (1996-2010) to a series of severe drought events using a combined approach that brings together micrometeorological, dendro-isotopic and dendro-climatological datasets alongside process-based modelling. In particular the dataset trends were investigated with the isotope-enabled ecosystem model MuSICA to explore the consequences of subsequent droughts and embolism on modelled carbohydrate and water pool dynamics and their impact on carbon allocation and ecosystem function.

  20. Value of computed radiography in diagnosis of rib fracture%CR在肋骨骨折诊断中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹梅芳

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨计算机X线摄影(CR)在肋骨摄影中的应用价值.方法 对40例临床怀疑外伤性肋骨骨折而常规X线平片显示阴性的病例,应用CR检查并对图像采用多级图像增益法,又称"交响乐"功能(MUSICA)、影像切割与局部放大等功能进行处理.由放射科经验丰富的3名医师,对所有肋骨图像进行分析评价.结果 经3名医师观察分析后确认11例13处肋骨骨折.11例肋骨骨折中单纯右侧肋骨骨折4例,左侧肋骨骨折5例,双侧肋骨骨折2例.按骨折程度分完全性骨折12处,不完全性骨折1处.结论 CR影像比普通X线影像能更好的显示肋骨和周围软组织,提高肋骨骨折的检出率.

  1. 旅欧声乐学子金志强连获国际奖项

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    金志强,1999—2005年就读于沈阳音乐艺术学校,师从李维信教授;2005年考入辽宁师范大学音乐学院师从郭建民教授和赵世兰教授;2011年9月以第一名的成绩考入意大利罗马国立音乐学院攻读声乐硕士学位,师从贝尔格·丽贝卡(Berg Rebecca)教授。2012年6月23日至7月3日"第15届TIM国际音乐比赛"(Torneo Internazionale di musica)总决赛法国巴黎举行,留学意大利的中国青年男高音金志强荣获第二名,成为比赛创办以来第一位获

  2. 君有江中舟,我有水中室(中)——从国际提琴制作比赛看世界提琴的发展趋向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑荃

    2011-01-01

    @@ (接上期) 意大利提琴制作比赛把业余的全扔出去了,全是专业的人士参加比赛.每次在比赛的同时,他们有一个商业展览,叫世界音乐展(Mondo Musica),很专业,全部是弦乐器方面的提琴、材料、油漆、乐谱等等.这个商业展览比赛的同时还搞一个专题的研讨会.2010年10月,他们搞了一个展览,展览的内容是意大利著名提琴制作家卡罗·白公昔,他是斯特拉迪瓦里的学生,这个家族延续了三代人.所以这种学习机会非常难得,只有到意大利才有这样学习的机会,对意大利比赛在国际上也有不同的看法.

  3. Using XCO2 retrievals for assessing the long-term consistency of NDACC/FTIR data sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barthlott, S.; Schneider, M.; Hase, F.; Wiegele, A.; Christner, E.; González, Y.; Blumenstock, T.; Dohe, S.; García, O. E.; Sepúlveda, E.; Strong, K.; Mendonca, J.; Weaver, D.; Palm, M.; Deutscher, N. M.; Warneke, T.; Notholt, J.; Lejeune, B.; Mahieu, E.; Jones, N.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Velazco, V. A.; Smale, D.; Robinson, J.; Kivi, R.; Heikkinen, P.; Raffalski, U.

    2015-03-01

    Within the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change), more than 20 FTIR (Fourier-transform infrared) spectrometers, spread worldwide, provide long-term data records of many atmospheric trace gases. We present a method that uses measured and modelled XCO2 for assessing the consistency of these NDACC data records. Our XCO2 retrieval setup is kept simple so that it can easily be adopted for any NDACC/FTIR-like measurement made since the late 1950s. By a comparison to coincident TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network) measurements, we empirically demonstrate the useful quality of this suggested NDACC XCO2 product (empirically obtained scatter between TCCON and NDACC is about 4‰ for daily mean as well as monthly mean comparisons, and the bias is 25‰). Our XCO2 model is a simple regression model fitted to CarbonTracker results and the Mauna Loa CO2 in situ records. A comparison to TCCON data suggests an uncertainty of the model for monthly mean data of below 3‰. We apply the method to the NDACC/FTIR spectra that are used within the project MUSICA (multi-platform remote sensing of isotopologues for investigating the cycle of atmospheric water) and demonstrate that there is a good consistency for these globally representative set of spectra measured since 1996: the scatter between the modelled and measured XCO2 on a yearly time scale is only 3‰.

  4. [CONTATTI SONORI] Ballos sardos in pratza. La nuova stagione delle danze nell’isola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Calzia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tutte le musiche sono in perenne trasformazione. Il mondo delle danze tradizionali in Sardegna ha conosciuto una brusca accelerazione negli ultimi anni. Dal ruolo centrale di strumenti come i vari tipi di fisarmoniche e le launeddas si è giunti oggi alla nascita di nuovi ensemble specializzati nell’esecuzione dei balli per la piazza. Come controparte è avvenuta una sempre maggiore adesione alle danze tradizionali da parte di molti giovani inurbati nelle grandi città dell’isola. La situazione contemporanea è quindi in pieno fermento. In che modo si sono trasformate le musiche, quali linguaggi sono entrati in contatto con lo stile esecutivo, fortemente legato sino ad allora ad un sistema di censura rigoroso legato tanto alla piazza quanto al fenomeno dei gruppi folk? Come si stanno trasformando le danze delle singole comunità ora che sono oggetto di apprendimento da parte di tanti giovani che vivono a centinaia di chilometri dal luogo ove sono nate? La proposta propone uno sguardo analitico sull’introduzione di innovazioni nella musica e nella danza ed il loro passaggio da un suonatore all’altro e da un gruppo all’altro il tutto condito da una accesa competitività propria della cultura musicale isolana.

  5. Abbiamo bisogno della "populäre Musik"? Una prospettiva tedesca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich Helms

    2017-05-01

    Nessuno di questi termini risponde ai requisiti di base della terminologia accademica: sono ambigui, e in alcuni casi anche contraddittori; inoltre, non sono assolutamente neutrali né imparziali. Finora, ogni tentativo di definire la populäre Musik come un insieme di oggetti musicali dotati di caratteristiche simili ha avuto un successo piuttosto limitato nel mondo accademico tedesco. Di conseguenza, per molti studiosi l’espressione populäre Musik acquista una valenza esclusivamente discorsiva. Adottando questa prospettiva, tuttavia, l’ambito di applicazione dei popular music studies si ridurrebbe a un’analisi o a una storia dei discorsi sulla musica, escludendo l’applicazione di strumenti metodologici tipici della musicologia, come ad esempio l’analisi musicale. Ne consegue la proposta di usare l’espressione populäre Musik solamente nei contesti in cui si definisce la politica delle discipline musicologiche, mentre nell’ambito della ricerca vera e propria si dovrebbero trovare e definire termini più adeguati, in grado di descrivere con precisione gli oggetti che si intendono studiare.

  6. Percorsi paralleli: contributi storico-documentari e analitici come fondamenti per l'interpretazione di "Syrinx" di Claude Debussy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Curinga

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Syrinx (1913 di Debussy, è una delle più significative pagine della letteratura flautistica, e la sua rilevanza è testimoniata anche dall’esistenza di una ricca letteratura analitica. Il presente lavoro esamina, dal punto di vista di un interprete, i suggerimenti esecutivi provenienti dai contributi analitici, siano essi forniti direttamente dagli analisti, oppure siano frutto dell’attività deduttiva dell’esecutore che legge e interpreta le analisi. Inoltre prende in considerazione altre informazioni riguardanti il rapporto tra testo musicale e testo poetico (Syrinx era stato concepito come musica di scena, la collazione tra l’unico manoscritto autografo conosciuto e la prima edizione a stampa, e le testimonianze, riguardo particolari aspetti esecutivi, di famosi flautisti storici che lavorarono a contatto con Debussy. La consistenza di questo doppio percorso conoscitivo – analitico e documentario – suggerisce dunque un confronto metodologico tra i due approcci; le conclusioni del lavoro evidenziano come i due apporti, con competenze diverse ma complementari, non si sovrappongono ma si integrano portando a una conoscenza globale del brano e a preziosi suggerimenti esecutivi.

  7. Natura pedagogica e rilevanza politica del concetto di 'composizione musicale'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Aversano

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo discute ed evidenzia le relazioni che intercorrono tra il concetto di composizione musicale e gli àmbiti della pedagogia e della politica. A partire da un'analisi storico-lessicologica della parola "composizione" vengono illustrate le variabili semantiche del termine e  il tratto comune che le caratterizza, ossia il riferimento costante a un principio razionale di aggregazione di elementi diversi, a cui l'attività compositiva, nelle sue possibili esplicazioni e in quanto progetto di organizzazione sonora, è sempre riconducibile. La composizione musicale viene dunque interpretata come metafora-chiave di una possibile strada per la soluzione di un problema molto urgente della contemporaneità: come tenere insieme persone provenienti da culture diverse, come combinare identità differenti in una nuova identità comune.D'altro canto, la musica d'arte, nel suo oscillare tra testo notato e interpretazione, è intimamente affine al paradigma giuridico che sta a fondamento di qualsiasi organismo sociale.

  8. 汉代乐舞百戏研究%A Study of Music Dance and Acrobatics of the Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卫民; 武梅

    2011-01-01

    The Han dynasty,with the increasing prosperity of the empire and the advocacy of the ruling classes for various kind of entertainment,saw the first peak in the development of music,dance and acrobatics,symbolized in the improvement of Yue Fu(Office of Music,a musical institution exclusively for the royal family),the popularity of percussion instruments,the development in music,dance and acrobatics,and the spread of music from the imperial palace to the general public.Therefore,this period serves as an important phase in Chinese music history and exerts far-reaching influence on succeeding dynasties.%汉代音乐文化随着国力强大和统治阶级的提倡,成为我国封建社会音乐文化发展的第一个高潮时期,主要表现在乐府机构的完善、鼓吹的盛行、乐舞百戏文化的新进展以及音乐由宫廷文化向大众文化转变等方面。汉代音乐文化在中国音乐史上写下了华丽的篇章,对后代音乐文化影响深远。

  9. Avian fruit preferences across a Puerto Rican forested landscape: pattern consistency and implications for seed removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlo, Tomás A; Collazo, Jaime A; Groom, Martha J

    2003-01-01

    Avian fruit consumption may ensure plant reproductive success when frugivores show consistent preference patterns and effectively remove and disperse seeds. In this study we examined avian fruit preferences and their seed-removal services at five study sites in north-central Puerto Rico. At each site, we documented the diet of seven common fruit-eating avian species from February to September 1998. Using foraging observations and area-based estimates of fruit abundance, we examined preference patterns of birds. We found that 7 out of 68 fleshy-fruited plant species were responsible for most of the fruit diet of birds. Seventeen plant species were preferred and four of them were repeatedly preferred across several study sites and times by at least one avian species. Preferred plant species comprised a small percentage of fleshy fruits at each site (musica and Vireo altiloquous, removed most of the seeds of plants for which they exhibited repeated preference across the landscape. Preference patterns, particularly those exhibiting consistency in space and time for plant species having prolonged fruiting periods, may have important mechanistic consequences for the persistence, succession, and regeneration of tropical plant communities.

  10. [Neuropsychology of Tourette's disorder: cognition, neuroimaging and creativity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espert, R; Gadea, M; Alino, M; Oltra-Cucarella, J

    2017-02-24

    Introduccion. El trastorno de Tourette es el resultado de una disfuncion cerebral frontoestriatal que afecta a personas de todas las edades, con un inicio en la primera infancia y continuacion en la adolescencia y la adultez. Desarrollo. Este articulo revisa los principales aspectos cognitivos, de neuroimagen funcional y estudios relacionados con la creatividad en un trastorno caracterizado por un exceso de dopamina en el cerebro. Conclusiones. Dada la especial configuracion cerebral de estos pacientes, deberian esperarse alteraciones neuropsicologicas, especialmente en las funciones ejecutivas. Sin embargo, los hallazgos son poco concluyentes y estan condicionados por factores como la comorbilidad con el trastorno por deficit de atencion/hiperactividad y el trastorno obsesivo compulsivo, la edad o variables metodologicas. Por otro lado, los estudios de neuroimagen realizados a lo largo de la ultima decada han podido explicar la sintomatologia clinica de pacientes con trastorno de Tourette, con especial relevancia del area motora suplementaria y el giro cingulado anterior. Finalmente, a pesar de no existir una relacion lineal entre el exceso de dopamina y la creatividad, la literatura cientifica destaca una asociacion entre el trastorno de Tourette y la creatividad musical, lo que podria traducirse en programas de intervencion basados en la musica.

  11. Effects of image processing on the detective quantum efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hye-Suk; Kim, Hee-Joung; Cho, Hyo-Min; Lee, Chang-Lae; Lee, Seung-Wan; Choi, Yu-Na [Yonsei University, Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    The evaluation of image quality is an important part of digital radiography. The modulation transfer function (MTF), the noise power spectrum (NPS), and the detective quantum efficiency (DQE) are widely accepted measurements of the digital radiographic system performance. However, as the methodologies for such characterization have not been standardized, it is difficult to compare directly reported the MTF, NPS, and DQE results. In this study, we evaluated the effect of an image processing algorithm for estimating the MTF, NPS, and DQE. The image performance parameters were evaluated using the international electro-technical commission (IEC 62220-1)-defined RQA5 radiographic techniques. Computed radiography (CR) posterior-anterior (PA) images of a hand for measuring the signal to noise ratio (SNR), the slit images for measuring the MTF, and the white images for measuring the NPS were obtained, and various multi-Scale image contrast amplification (MUSICA) factors were applied to each of the acquired images. All of the modifications of the images obtained by using image processing had a considerable influence on the evaluated image quality. In conclusion, the control parameters of image processing can be accounted for evaluating characterization of image quality in same way. The results of this study should serve as a baseline for based on evaluating imaging systems and their imaging characteristics by MTF, NPS, and DQE measurements.

  12. CERN in the spotlight at the Geneva Festival

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN will be the guest of honour at the Geneva Festival, which takes place from 29 July to 8 August. The Organization will be involved in two big events: the curtain-raising firework display and the end-of-festival concert. Come and see the creation of the Universe... acted out by fireworks! CERN, celebrating its 50th anniversary, will raise the curtain on the annual Geneva Festival (Fêtes de Genève) on Friday 30 July at 10.15 p.m. with a pyrotechnical and musical extravaganza. The display will be accompanied by a narration explaining the different stages of creation, written by CERN physicist Rolf Landua. Pyro-musical design is by Catherine Walder, overall firework design by René Gousset and pyrotechnical design by Pierre-Alain Beretta (Pyrostars). For further information see: www.cern.ch/cern50/events/Fireworks/Fireworks-en.html. At the end of the Festival, the CERN choir, itself celebrating its thirtieth year, joins forces with the Annecy choir Pro Musica to give a special performance of Jo...

  13. Psychoanalytic and musical ambiguity: the tritone in gee, officer krupke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffee Nagel, Julie

    2010-02-01

    The poignant and timeless Broadway musical West Side Story is viewed from the standpoint of taking musical forms as psychoanalytic data. The musical configuration of notes called the tritone (or diabolus in musica) is taken as a sonic metaphor expressing ambiguity both in musical vocabulary and in mental life. The tritone, which historically and harmonically represents instability, is heard throughout the score and emphasizes the intrapsychic, interpersonal, and social dramas that unfold within and between the two gangs in West Side Story. Particular emphasis is given to the comic but exceedingly sober song Gee, Officer Krupke. Bernstein's sensitivity to the ambiguity and tension inherent in the tritone in West Side Story is conceptualized as an intersection of music theory and theories of mind; this perspective holds implications for clinical practice and transports psychoanalytic concepts from the couch to the Broadway stage and into the community to address the complexities of love, hate, aggression, prejudice, and violence. Ultimately, West Side Story cross-pollinates music and theater, as well as music and psychoanalytic concepts.

  14. Using XCO2 retrievals for assessing the long-term consistency of NDACC/FTIR data sets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Barthlott

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change, more than 20 FTIR (Fourier–Transform InfraRed spectrometers, spread worldwide, provide long-term data records of many atmospheric trace gases. We present a method that uses measured and modelled XCO2 for assessing the consistency of these data records. Our NDACC XCO2 retrieval setup is kept simple so that it can easily be adopted for any NDACC/FTIR-like measurement made since the late 1950s. By a comparison to coincident TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network measurements, we empirically demonstrate the useful quality of this NDACC XCO2 product (empirically obtained scatter between TCCON and NDACC is about 4‰ for daily mean as well as monthly mean comparisons and the bias is 25‰. As XCO2 model we developed and used a simple regression model fitted to CarbonTracker results and the Mauna Loa CO2 in-situ records. A comparison to TCCON data suggests an uncertainty of the model for monthly mean data of below 3‰. We apply the method to the NDACC/FTIR spectra that are used within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water and demonstrate that there is a good consistency for these globally representative set of spectra measured since 1996: the scatter between the modelled and measured XCO2 on a yearly time scale is only 3‰.

  15. iHeartLift: a closed loop system with bio-feedback that uses music tempo variability to improve heart rate variability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Thomas C T; Chen, Xiang

    2011-01-01

    "Musica delenit bestiam feram" translates into "Music soothes the savage beast". There is a hidden truth in this ancient quip passed down from generations. Besides soothing the heart, it also incites the heart to a healthier level of heart rate variability (HRV). In this paper, an approach to use and test music and biofeedback to increase the heart rate variability for people facing daily stress is discussed. By determining the music tempo variability (MTV) of a piece of music and current heart rate variability, iHeartLift is able to compare the 2 trends and locate a musical piece that is suited to increase the user's heart rate variability to a healthier level. With biofeedback, the 2 trends are continuously compared in real-time and the musical piece is changed in accordance with the current comparisons. A study was conducted and it was generally found that HRV can be uplifted by music regardless of language and meaning of musical lyrics but with limitations to musical genre.

  16. Behandling af angste psykiatriske patienter med MusiCure - et pilotprojekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torben Egelund Sørensen

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available I perioden 1.11.2003 til 1.3.2004 blev der på to åbne og en lukket sengeafdeling på psykiatrisk afdeling, Horsens sygehus, gennemført et pilotprojekt, med det formål at undersøge om brugen af speciel designet musik (MusiCure ville have en positiv effekt på angste og urolige patienter. 30 patienter fik MusiCurebehandling en eller flere gange, og af disse fik de 26 en positiv effekt af behandlingen: De blev beroliget; faldt til ro/i søvn. For en patient havde behandlingeningen effekt, og for 3 patienter havde behandlingen en negativ effekt. Interviews med patienter og plejepersonalet viste at brugen af MusiCure havde en angstdæmpende effekt, enten givet aleneeller i kombination med PN medicin og /eller kugledyne. Det konkluderes at undersøgelsens samlede resultat tyder på at MusiCure kan anvendes til såvel psykotiske som ikke-psykotiskepatienter, og at MusiCure, anvendt alene eller sammen med kugledyne, kan være et alternativ til brugen af PN medicin. Artiklen er en revideret udgave af artikel med samme titel bragt på Musica Humanas hjemmeside.

  17. Massimo Rizzante, Walter Nardon, Stefano Zangrando (eds., Al di là del genere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Martemucci

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Pubblicato nel 2010, il volume Al di là del genere raccoglie gli interventi che si sono tenuti tra l’autunno del 2007 e la primavera del 2008 nel quadro del Seminario Internazionale sul Romanzo (sir svoltosi presso il Dipartimento di Studi Letterari, Linguistici e Filologici dell’Università degli Studi di Trento. In tutti i saggi centrale è la questione del rapporto fra il romanzo e le varie espressioni artistiche, in particolare la musica, il teatro, il saggio, il racconto, la narrazione orale, il cinema. Come sostiene Massimo Rizzante nella premessa al volume, «la sfida è stata quella di cercare di comprendere e di segnare la frontiera delle diverse arti, piuttosto che soccombere all’ideale, oggi tanto in voga quanto illusorio, della loro contaminazione» (p. 7. Consapevoli del fatto che il romanzo sia un genere aperto, piuttosto onnicomprensivo, ma comunque dotato di proprie caratteristiche, gli studiosi hanno cercato di capire come le diverse arti dialogano con esso.

  18. O Lugar-Comum Arte-Natureza em Der Vollkommene Capellmeister ("O Mestre de Capela Perfeito", 1739, de Johann Mattheson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Lucas

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O mundo luterano produziu um enorme arcabouço teórico e prático para a composição, interpretação e análise musical. Entre os séculos XVII e XVIII, autores do gênero de escritos que passou a ser conhecido como musica poetica publicaram preceptivas cujas bases teórica, sistemática e terminológica eram emprestadas de retóricas e de poéticas latinas, leituras obrigatórias em todas as escolas luteranas, desde a reforma do ensino, consolidada em 1528, por Martinho Lutero e Philipp Melanchton. Neste artigo, mostraremos como o lugar comum arte-natureza é imitado, a partir de poéticas latinas, em preceptivas musicais setecentistas, em especial, Der vollkommene Capellmeister ("O mestre-de-capela perfeito", 1739, de Johann Mattheson. Abordaremos os conceitos de natureza e de arte para, em seguida, discutir a relação entre eles e o emprego da tópica arte-natureza, por Johann Mattheson, seja a partir da perspectiva do orador perfeito, seja pela tomada da natureza como modelo da arte. Discorreremos, ainda, sobre a ampliação do conceito de natureza, de modo a incluir também a imitação de autoridades e obras, além da naturalidade como objetivo da arte.

  19. Le registrazioni audio dell’archivio Luigi Nono di Venezia

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    Luca Cossettini

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The audio recordings of the Luigi Nono Archive in Venice: guidelines for preservation and critical edition of audio documentsStudying audio recordings brings us back to ancient source verification problems that too often one thinks are overcome by the technical reproduction of sound. Au-dio signal is “fixed” on a specific carrier (tape, disc etc with a specific audio format (speed, number of tracks etc; the choice of support and format during the first “memorizing” process and the following copying processes is a subjective and, in case of copying, an interpretative operation conducted within a continuously evolv-ing audio technology. What we listen to today is the result of a transmission process that unavoidably transforms the original acoustic event and the documents that memorize it. Audio recording is no way a timeless and immutable fixing process. It is therefore necessary to study the transmission processes and to reconstruct the au-dio document tradition. The re-recording of the tapes of the Archivio Luigi Nono, conducted by the Audio Labs of the DAMS Musica of the University of Udine, of-fers clear examples of the technical and musicological interpretative problems one can find when he works with audio recordings.

  20. Insegnare l'opera lirica all'università

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    Philip Gossett

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Insegnare l’opera lirica agli studenti di Musicologia non è più difficile che insegnare altre materie nell’àmbito della Storia della musica. Certo, per fare un buon lavoro occorre conoscere la letteratura, il teatro, le voci, la scenografia. Del resto, anche per insegnare dignitosamente il canto gregoriano si deve conoscere a fondo il latino, la storia della liturgia, la storia dell’arte eccetera. Siamo professionisti: sappiamo bene cos’è importante per noi – ci lavoriamo direttamente o attraverso i nostri studenti –, eppure non mancano gli studi in cui non crediamo molto. Volendo essere obiettivi, facciamo tuttavia del nostro meglio per far conoscere tutti gli studi di alto livello, senza dare giudizi negativi, al fine di preparare i nostri studenti alle diverse possibilità offerte dalla carriera professionale: potranno avere a che fare con i frequentatori degli archivi, con coloro che s’interessano soprattutto di drammaturgia, con i fans della new musicology, o con quei poverini che redigono edizioni critiche.

  1. Theory and Practice of New Music in the Academic Courses of the Moscow State Conservatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Savenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Soviet cultural politics was completely determined in the 1930s and remained unchangeable almost until the collapse of the USSR (1991. Musical creativity was subject to the dictates of the strict ideological standards of socialist realism, which left no room for free artistic experimentation. This situation continued in more liberal times, which began after Stalin’s death.The development of the Russian post-war avant-garde began in the second half of the 1950s, with the first dodecaphonic work dating from 1956: Musica Stricta for piano by Andrei Volkonsky. The truly new works gradually penetrated into concert halls; new music became known and even popular among concertgoers, who perceived it as a symbol of spiritual freedom.All this had no relation yet to educational institutions and to teaching, which remained hopelessly conservative. The real institutional changes came only after the collapse of the USSR in the 1990s. Back then, there were three main directions associated with new music: first of all, the establishment of new composers’ associations, such as the Association of Modern Music and the Centre for Contemporary Music; secondly, festivals of contemporary music, such as the festival Moscow Autumn and the annual international festival of contemporary music Moscow Forum; thirdly, the performing collectives connected to them, such as the ensemble Studio for New Music.These institutions were established in the Moscow State “Tchaikovsky” Conservatory, and therefore played a crucial role in the formation of new teaching principles for contemporary music.

  2. Elucidating dynamic responses of North Pacific fish populations to climatic forcing: Influence of life-history strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yatsu, A.; Aydin, K. Y.; King, J. R.; McFarlane, G. A.; Chiba, S.; Tadokoro, K.; Kaeriyama, M.; Watanabe, Y.

    2008-05-01

    In order to explore mechanistic linkages between low-frequency ocean/climate variability, and fish population responses, we undertook comparative studies of time-series of recruitment-related productivity and the biomass levels of fish stocks representing five life-history strategies in the northern North Pacific between the 1950s and the present. We selected seven species: Japanese sardine ( Sardinopus melanostictus) and California sardine ( Sardinopus sagax) (opportunistic strategists), walleye pollock ( Theragra chalcogramma, intermediate strategist), pink salmon ( Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, salmonic strategist), sablefish ( Anoplopoma fimbria) and Pacific halibut ( Hippoglossus stenolepis) (periodic strategists) and spiny dogfish ( Squalus acanthias, equilibrium strategist). The responses in terms of productivity of sardine, pink salmon, sablefish and halibut to climatic regime shifts were generally immediate, delayed, or no substantial responses depending on the particular regime shift year and fish stock (population). In walleye pollock, there were some periods of high productivity and low productivity, but not coincidental to climatic regime shifts, likely due to indirect climate forcing impacts on both bottom-up and top-down processes. Biomass of zooplankton and all fish stocks examined, except for spiny dogfish whose data were limited, indicated a decadal pattern with the most gradual changes in periodic strategists and most intensive and rapid changes in opportunistic strategists. Responses of sardine productivity to regime shifts were the most intense, probably due to the absence of density-dependent effects and the availability of refuges from predators when sardine biomass was extremely low. Spiny dogfish were least affected by environmental variability. Conversely, spiny dogfish are likely to withstand only modest harvest rates due to their very low intrinsic rate of increase. Thus, each life-history strategy type had a unique response to climatic

  3. La concepción estético-filosófica de la música en Istitutioni harmoniche de Gioseffo Zarlino

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    Inés A. Buchar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [ES] Gioseffo Zarlino reflexiona sobre las innovaciones musicales de la época en el contexto humanista recurriendo a la filosofía griega antigua, para otorgarle un fundamento racional a la teoría musical. No obstante apela, a la vez, a otras tradiciones del pasado: mitología griega, literatura greco-latina, tradición bíblica, tradición cristiana. En el modo de pensar de Zarlino se produce la confluencia de todas estas líneas sin la intención de estructurar lógicamente los distintos aportes, sino con un propósito instrumental: retomar aquellas ideas y conceptos que le permitieran formular una teoría para fundamentar las transformaciones de la música de su tiempo. Se analizará una selección de capítulos de la primera parte de Istitutioni harmoniche (1589 donde se puede apreciar la confluencia de tradiciones. El intento de encontrar una fundamentación racional de la teoría musical se yuxtapone a referencias míticas de la antigüedad greco-latina y a consideraciones religiosas judeo-cristianas. El concepto de musica mundana de origen pitagórico deviene central para la argumentación. Luego se examinará la manifestación de esta dualidad de tradiciones en la representación pictórica de la música y la plasmación escénico-musical de la concepción estético-filosófica de la música de Zarlino en los Intermezzi (1589 de Giovanni de’ Bardi. ; [EN] Gioseffo Zarlino reflects on the musical innovations of his time within the humanist sphere turning to the ancient Greek philosophy in order to give a rational foundation to the musical theory. Nevertheless, he also considers other traditions of the past: Greek mythology, Greek-Latin literature, biblical tradition, Christian tradition. All these lines converge in Zarlino's thinking, without the aim of organizing those different contributions in a logical way, but with an instrumental purpose: choosing those ideas and concepts which enable him to pose a theory in order to ground the

  4. Impacts of the construction of the Port of Suape on phytoplankton in the Ipojuca River estuary (Pernambuco-Brazil

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    Maria Luise Koening

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to address the impact on phytoplankton, sampling was conducted monthly at 4 fixed stations, from April/86 to March/87 at diurnal low and high tide using a plankton net (65 mum mesh size and a 1 L Van Dorn bottle. Among the 133 taxa identified, marine littoral euryhaline species were most common, outranking Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg Rabenhorst, Nitzschia sigma (Kützing Wm. Smith, Licmophora abbreviata Agardh, Climacosphenia moniligera Ehrenberg, Surirella febigerii Lewis, Terpsinoe musica Ehrenberg and Cylindrotheca closterium (Ehrenberg Reiman and Lewis. The port construction caused significant changes to the phytoplankton community with a strong influence of marine species (mainly dinoflagellate because of the opening of the reef near the river mouth in 1983. The shallow depth and hydrodynamic brought many littoral species to the water columm. The community was composed by marine euryhaline and limnetic organisms, influenced by the salinity, rain and tide. Species diversity was high (> 3 bits.cel-1 owing to the high environmental heterogeneity (marine, freshwater and benthic interactions. After the port implantation, a strong decrease occurred in phytoplankton density owing to high loads of suspended matter. Lowest values (121,00 cells.l-1 were registered during rainy season. During dry season, when light intensity was higher, phytoplankton presented highest density ( 1,789,000 cells.l-1.A implantação do Complexo Industrial Portuário de Suape (Pernambuco-Brasil entre 1979 e 1984, modificou os processos ecológicos observados no estuário do rio Ipojuca. As amostras foram coletadas mensalmente em 4 estações fixas, no período de abril/86 a março/87 nas preamares e baixa-mares diurnas, utilizando-se uma rede de plâncton com abertura de malha de 65 mim e garrafas de Van Dorn. Foram identificados um total de 133 taxa. As espécies marinhas litorais foram as mais comuns e freqüentes, destacando-se: Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg

  5. Book review, Amati cani, José Jorge Letria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Con Amati cani ci discostiamo per una volta dalle pubblicazioni a carattere scientifico, per dare il giusto risalto ad un’interessante raccolta di narrativa che esplora il rapporto tra l'uomo e il suo miglior amico. José Jorge Latria, noto soprattutto per essere un esponente di spicco della canzone politica portoghese e per le sue opere poetiche, teatrali e di letteratura per ragazzi, nello scrivere questo libro compie un vero e proprio atto d’amore verso i cani, con il preciso intento di costringere i lettori ad eliminare dal proprio vocabolario il gratuito modo di dire ‘mondo cane’. L’Autore delinea brevi ritratti di cani che, da Argo in poi, hanno accompagnato da amici veri i loro celebri padroni nella buona e nella cattiva sorte: racconta cioè la storia di quei cani che non sono sprofondati nella voragine dell’oblio perchè i loro padroni hanno raggiunto la celebrità nel mondo della letteratura, della politica, del cinema, delle scienze o della musica. Con a fianco un amico fedele come un cane, la vita ha avuto un sapore diverso per Ernest Hemingway, Isaac Newton, Sigmund Freud, Buster Keaton, Marilyn Monroe, Pablo Picasso, John Steinbeck, Lord Byron, Tim Burton e altri ancora, tutti personaggi che sono presenti in questo libro grazie ai cani che hanno condiviso con loro la vita e le memorie. La lettura di Amati cani dà piacere poichè in ognuno di questi racconti batte, affettuoso e delicato, il cuore di un cane; ma dà anche un pò da pensare in quanto celebra in maniera molto tenera l’amore, la fedeltà e la solidarietà tra l’uomo e il suo speciale amico a quattro zampe.

  6. Application of multi-scale image contrast amplification in knee joint radiograph%多级图像对比度放大技术在膝关节摄影中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐健; 丁忠祥; 张玉江; 陶越强; 狄幸波

    2007-01-01

    目的:分析评价膝关节摄影中多级图像对比度放大技术(MUSICA)参数设定的成像效果,为实际临床应用提供理论指导.方法:随机抽取膝关节侧位软拷贝图像70例,以骨皮质、骨小梁、肌间隙、髌上囊、皮下脂肪为比对目标,由三位观察者对其显示情况进行分析,并对结果进行统计分析.结果:MUSICA处于较小值(0~2)时,适合于软组织显示,但图像锐利度欠缺;处于较高值时(4~6)适合于观察骨皮质、小梁等细节信息,但较多地出现伪影,共25例;处于2~4时整体影像对比度适中,如实反映人体密度结构.结论:作图像处理时应将MUSICA为2~4设定为常规,实际应用通常情况下可以选择该处理方法,但应根据具体要求适当调整MUSICA参数值.

  7. CAPS-POEIRA: um modo de intervenção no CAPS-ad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Galdiano Vieira de Matos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo versa sobre el reducto de las experiencias de la investigadora conforme la voluntaria de "Capoeira Angola" en una unidad CAPS-ad. Transitando por la posición de voluntaria y psicóloga se buscó comprender la dinámica de los sujetos usuarios del servicio, además de nombrar los sentidos proporcionados por el encuentro entre el Psicoanálisis y la Capoeira Angola en los grupos operativos del CAPS-ad, siendo éste el objetivo general delineado en el trabajo. En aquel escenario, en que muchos sujetos usuarios del servicio estaban absortos a la droga, había aquellos que se interesaban por los talleres y demostraban atención a los propios tratamientos. La propuesta era comprender la dinámica observada en el grupo de sujetos drogadictos y provocar inquietudes posibles. Para eso, se intensificaba el entrelazamiento entre el Psicoanálisis, la Capoeira Angola y los grupos operativos, recursos que proporcionaban una mayor aproximación a la psique humana, el reconocimiento de la potencialidad humana de creación y de transformación de la realidad, y la comprensión de que en los grupos podría haber una re-significación de las vivencias personales y grupales. Fueron desarrollados once encuentros cuya propuesta era la articulación de los grupos con los recursos de la Capoeira Angola-musica, narrativa y movimiento. La conclusión presenta la complejidad de la problemática droga y el posible movimiento provocado en aquel grupo por medio de la Capoeira Angola, arte ancestral marcada por la resistencia en la sociedad contemporánea.

  8. Hip, cool, edgy, ovvero la logica culturale dominante del capitalismo neoliberista

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    Timothy Taylor

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1984 Fredric Jameson ha pubblicato il saggio Postmodernismo, ovvero la logica culturale del tardo capitalismo, che ha esercitato un’enorme influenza nel dibattito contemporaneo e che propone una chiave di lettura della produzione culturale nell’era del tardo capitalismo. La sua interpretazione del postmodernismo come “logica culturale dominante” è stata ampiamente citata e ripresa, ma in ultima analisi è stata anche depotenziata dall’uso eccessivo del termine “postmoderno”, che ha relegato in secondo piano la portata originaria del pensiero di Jameson. Oggi, la logica culturale dominante viene descritta attraverso i termini “hip” e “cool”: due aggettivi onnipresenti nell’industria culturale, ma che raramente vengono definiti con precisione. Mentre il termine “hip” sembra avere una storia più lunga e una connotazione ironica, il termine “cool” suggerisce significati simili, ma più strettamente legati alla generazione dei giovani. Negli Stati Uniti, l’egemonia di questa logica culturale è il risultato del predominio delle industrie pubblicitarie e del marketing, che negli anni Sessanta si sono appropriate di questi termini a partire dalla generazione dei baby-boomers. La pratica del coolhunting (“caccia al cool” oggi è diventata un’industria dominante che si riflette nella produzione e nel consumo di qualunque merce, e dunque anche dei beni culturali come la musica. Questo articolo vuole offrire alcuni spunti iniziali per una teorizzazione delle categorie di “hip” e “cool”, intese come elementi dominanti della logica culturale del capitalismo neoliberista.

  9. Developing multi-tracer approaches to constrain the parameterisation of leaf and soil CO2 and H2O exchange in land surface models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogée, Jerome; Wehr, Richard; Commane, Roisin; Launois, Thomas; Meredith, Laura; Munger, Bill; Nelson, David; Saleska, Scott; Zahniser, Mark; Wofsy, Steve; Wingate, Lisa

    2016-04-01

    The net flux of carbon dioxide between the land surface and the atmosphere is dominated by photosynthesis and soil respiration, two of the largest gross CO2 fluxes in the carbon cycle. More robust estimates of these gross fluxes could be obtained from the atmospheric budgets of other valuable tracers, such as carbonyl sulfide (COS) or the carbon and oxygen isotope compositions (δ13C and δ18O) of atmospheric CO2. Over the past decades, the global atmospheric flask network has measured the inter-annual and intra-annual variations in the concentrations of these tracers. However, knowledge gaps and a lack of high-resolution multi-tracer ecosystem-scale measurements have hindered the development of process-based models that can simulate the behaviour of each tracer in response to environmental drivers. We present novel datasets of net ecosystem COS, 13CO2 and CO18O exchange and vertical profile data collected over 3 consecutive growing seasons (2011-2013) at the Harvard forest flux site. We then used the process-based model MuSICA (multi-layer Simulator of the Interactions between vegetation Canopy and the Atmosphere) to include the transport, reaction, diffusion and production of each tracer within the forest and exchanged with the atmosphere. Model simulations over the three years captured well the impact of diurnally and seasonally varying environmental conditions on the net ecosystem exchange of each tracer. The model also captured well the dynamic vertical features of tracer behaviour within the canopy. This unique dataset and model sensitivity analysis highlights the benefit in the collection of multi-tracer high-resolution field datasets and the developement of multi-tracer land surface models to provide valuable constraints on photosynthesis and respiration across scales in the near future.

  10. Distributions of δD observations from IASI/MetOp across the globe and intercomparison with other instruments/measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacour, Jean-Lionel; Clarisse, Lieven; Hurtmans, Daniel; Clerbaux, Cathy; Worden, John; Schneider, Matthias; Risi, Camille; Coheur, Pierre-François

    2014-05-01

    The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) onboard MetOp, through its observations of the water isotopologues, has great potential to support research on hydrological processes responsible for the moistening/drying of the atmosphere. The instrumental characteristics of the spectrometer (low radiometric noise and good spectral resolution) combined with its high sampling (global coverage twice a day) make it particularly suitable for providing numerous observations of the isotopologues ratio (δD) of water vapour in the troposphere. Retrieving isotopologues ratios at the required accuracy is, however, a challenging task. To get meaningful results, the retrieval needs to be well constrained. This can be achieved, with the optimal estimation method, by using an a priori probability density function containing correlation information between HDO and H2O. In this presentation, first, we will show that the measurements are mainly sensitive to δD in the troposphere between 3 and 6 km. We will illustrate the capabilities of IASI to provide δD observations at high spatio-temporal resolution with some distributions across the globe and we will discuss their added values to constrain hydrological processes. Second, we will document how IASI observations compare to other remote sounding observations of δD in the troposphere. Comparisons of IASI observations with the TES sounder and with three ground-based NDACC FTIR (Izaña, Kalsruhe and Kiruna, data generated within the project MUSICA) will be presented. The differences between the instruments as well as the methodology to compare them will be exposed. We will show that the different instruments agree within their own uncertainties and vertical sensitivities, asserting the use of IASI δD observations for scientific purposes.

  11. A virtual image chain for perceived image quality of medical display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchessoux, Cédric; Jung, Jürgen

    2006-03-01

    This paper describes a virtual image chain for medical display (project VICTOR: granted in the 5th framework program by European commission). The chain starts from raw data of an image digitizer (CR, DR) or synthetic patterns and covers image enhancement (MUSICA by Agfa) and both display possibilities, hardcopy (film on viewing box) and softcopy (monitor). Key feature of the chain is a complete image wise approach. A first prototype is implemented in an object-oriented software platform. The display chain consists of several modules. Raw images are either taken from scanners (CR-DR) or from a pattern generator, in which characteristics of DR- CR systems are introduced by their MTF and their dose-dependent Poisson noise. The image undergoes image enhancement and comes to display. For soft display, color and monochrome monitors are used in the simulation. The image is down-sampled. The non-linear response of a color monitor is taken into account by the GOG or S-curve model, whereas the Standard Gray-Scale-Display-Function (DICOM) is used for monochrome display. The MTF of the monitor is applied on the image in intensity levels. For hardcopy display, the combination of film, printer, lightbox and viewing condition is modeled. The image is up-sampled and the DICOM-GSDF or a Kanamori Look-Up-Table is applied. An anisotropic model for the MTF of the printer is applied on the image in intensity levels. The density-dependent color (XYZ) of the hardcopy film is introduced by Look-Up-tables. Finally a Human Visual System Model is applied to the intensity images (XYZ in terms of cd/m2) in order to eliminate nonvisible differences. Comparison leads to visible differences, which are quantified by higher order image quality metrics. A specific image viewer is used for the visualization of the intensity image and the visual difference maps.

  12. VISSI D’ARTE VISSI D’AMOR. L’ITALIANO DEL MELODRAMMA. RIFLESSIONI PER UNA DIDATTICA L2 A CANTANTI D’OPERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Manzelli

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Nonostante in questi ultimi decenni le motivazioni e le tipologie di apprendenti di italiano come lingua straniera siano profondamente cambiate rispetto al passato, l’italiano della musica rappresenta ancora un forte stimolo per la diffusione e l’apprendimento della nostra lingua, con il rischio, però, che essa venga  percepita secondo un modello insolito e innaturale a causa della particolare natura del linguaggio dei libretti d’opera. Seguendo le tappe della storia del genere melodrammatico e con lo scopo di fornire un panorama d’insieme o uno spunto di riflessione per la didassi dell’italiano in un  contesto particolare come questo, l’articolo propone una breve disamina dei tratti che caratterizzano la lingua italiana della librettistica, sia quelli più lontani dalla lingua d’uso corrente, sia quelli che conservano una patina più colloquiale.      Vissi d’arte vissi d’amor. Italian language and melodrama. Reflections on L2 didactics for opera singers.   The last few decades have seen different types of students and reasons why people learn Italian as a foreign language. Despite this, music still has a significant role in the spread of Italian, but due to the particular language used in the libretti, the risk is that students of Italian perceive the language based on an unnatural and unusual model. This article follows the stages of the “melodramatic” music genre. Its purpose is to give a general idea or a thought provoking method for Italian language teaching in a particular context. It presents a brief analysis of typical solutions found in “libretti”, at times very far away from common, spoken language as well as more colloquial examples.

  13. The Squallor phenomenon: Social and political satire in Italian music during the First Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolino Applauso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Gli Squallor: La risata triste e le pernacchieLa satira sociale e politica nella musica italiana durante la Prima RepubblicaAnche se spesso viene catalogato con il marchio onnicomprensivo di ‘Rock demenziale’, il gruppo musicale italiano degli Squallor rappresenta uno dei fenomeni più incisivi di satira politica e sociale nell’Italia moderna. Ciò appare evidente se si esaminano i numerosi pezzi contenuti nei loro album, che presentano brillanti e corrosive parodie di noti partiti e politici, nonché di tendenze culturali e sociali dominanti. Se consideriamo inoltre il periodo in cui gli Squallor raggiunsero il massimo successo (verso la metà degli anni Ottanta, essi possono anche rappresentare l’importante voce di dissenso che caratterizzò gli ultimi decenni della cosiddetta Prima Repubblica. In questo articolo viene esplorata una selezione dei loro più importanti testi, con lo scopo di analizzare le dinamiche della loro particolarissima satira in relazione alle tendenze culturali, sociali e politiche allora in voga in Italia. Ci si sofferma inizialmente sulle varie allusioni politiche presenti in modo generico in pezzi come Alluvione, per poi passare all’analisi di pezzi che presentano una satira politica più esplicita contro noti partiti (come i Verdi e politici dell’epoca, quali Gianni De Michelis (con Demiculis e Umberto Bossi ( in Berta II. Gli Squallor hanno creato parodie di famose canzoni utilizzando il nonsense, un umorismo surreale ed iperbolico e spaziando tra sperimentazioni linguistiche ed un linguaggio osceno. In questo modo, l’articolo sostiene che gli Squallor si sono dedicati alla ‘metasatira’, deridendo con successo l’industria musicale e radiotelevisiva italiana. Alla fine offre una riflessione sulla complessità della loro satira che anche se si è affermata come simbolo emblematico dell’anticonformismo, rimane nel contempo un fenomeno difficilmente catalogabile, perché in continua dissacrazione

  14. Emotional Catharsis of High School Students from the Perspective of Popular Music Aesthetic Theory%论高中生在通俗音乐审美中的情感宣泄

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨名莉

    2012-01-01

    通俗音乐作为音乐的一种形式,关注人的情绪与情感、成长与生活,成为了很多人宣泄情感、张扬生命的方式。它具有主题内容通俗、简单性、娱和}生、流行性以及多元文化性等特征,这些特征促使通俗音乐成为各种心灵压抑不同的人的情感宣泄地带。高中学生精神上的压力是极大的,通俗音乐的曲调和歌词能张扬他们的内心世界,宣泄他们的情感,减轻他们的沉重压力,使他们有轻松的精神去迎接学习和生活上的挑战。%Popular music,as a form of music, focuses on people' s mood and emotion,growth and tile and has been the way tor many peo- ple's emotional catharsis. It is characterized by popular content, simplicity, entcttaintnent, epidemic and multiple cultural features, which make popular music emotional catharsis for the depressed. High school students study under great pressure mental, and the melodies and lyrics of pop- ular music can help them publicize their inner world,give vent to their emotional,relieve their stress,and relax themselves to meet the challeng- es in study and life.

  15. Theatrical Tectonics: The Mediating Agent for a Contesting Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gevork Hartoonian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper posits the idea that the theme of agency in architecture is parallactic. It discusses the tectonic as an agent through which architecture turns into a state of constant flux. The intention is to promote a discourse of criticality, the thematic of which is drawn from the symptoms that galvanise architecture’s rapport with the image-laden culture of late capitalism. In an attempt to log the thematic of a contested practice, this essay will re-map the recent history of contemporary architecture.Exploring New Brutalism’s criticism of the established ethos of International Style architecture, the first part of this paper will highlight the movement’s tendency towards replacing the painterly with the sculptural, and this in reference to the contemporary interest in monolithic architecture. Having established the import of tectonics for the architecture of Brutalism, the paper then argues that in the present situation, when architecture – like other cultural products – is infatuated with the spectacle of late capitalism, a re-thinking of the Semperian notion of theatricality is useful. Of interest in the tectonic of theatricality is the work’s capacity to bring forth the division between intellectual and physical labours, and this in reference to architecture’s reserved acceptance of technification for which the aforementioned division is vital.Particular attention will be given to two projects, Zaha Hadid’s Phaeno Center and OMA’s Casa da Musica, where architectonic aspects of New Brutalism are revisited in the light of the tectonic of theatricality.

  16. Emanuele Trevi e la teoria iniziatica della letteratura

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    Andrea Rondini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nello scrittore Emanuele Trevi è possibile rinvenire una teoria iniziatica della letteratura. Essa concepisce il testo letterario sia come vettore di trasformazione per il fruitore sia come depositario dell’originaria cultura iniziatica, accesso alle verità nascoste dell’esistenza. Il testo appare come uno degli ultimi, se non l’ultimo, contenitore di questa sapienza primordiale: centrale nelle società e nelle religioni antiche, oggi tale grande codice appare sostanzialmente perduto. Interlocutori di Trevi sono storici delle religioni (Schuré, Corbin, Eliade, narratori (Apuleio, Melville, Collodi, V. Woolf, Joyce, protagonisti in prima persona di viaggi iniziatici (Artaud, filosofi e critici (Agamben, Zolla, Citati, Calasso, C. Campo. La teoria elaborata da Trevi sembra voler uscire da un esclusivo perimetro letterario e recuperare una dimensione antropologica dell’espressività simbolica che contenga anche, in uno stretto circolo ermeneutico, musica e pittura. La letteratura si avvicina in ultima analisi a un‘esperienza di apprendistato e a un rito sacro.In Emanuele Trevi’s work it is possible to trace an initiatory theory of literature, conceiving the literary text both as vector of transformation for the reader and as a repository of initiatic culture, providing access to the hidden truths of existence. The text appears as one of the last, if not the last, container of this primordial wisdom: central in the ancient society and religion, today such great code substantially seems to be lost. Trevi’s fellows are historians of religion (Schuré, Corbin, Eliade, narrators (Apuelio, Melville, Collodi, Woolf, Joyce, protagonists of trips (Artaud, philosophers and critics (Agamben, Zolla, Citati, Calasso, C. Campo. Trevi’s theory apparently moves beyond the perimeter of literature, recovering an anthropological di- mension of symbolic expression that also features, in a narrow hermeneutical circle, music and painting. Thus

  17. Biophysical modelling of intra-ring variations in tracheid features and wood density of Pinus pinaster trees exposed to seasonal droughts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Sarah; Ogée, Jérôme; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Rayment, Mark; Wingate, Lisa

    2015-03-01

    Process-based models that link seasonally varying environmental signals to morphological features within tree rings are essential tools to predict tree growth response and commercially important wood quality traits under future climate scenarios. This study evaluated model portrayal of radial growth and wood anatomy observations within a mature maritime pine (Pinus pinaster (L.) Aït.) stand exposed to seasonal droughts. Intra-annual variations in tracheid anatomy and wood density were identified through image analysis and X-ray densitometry on stem cores covering the growth period 1999-2010. A cambial growth model was integrated with modelled plant water status and sugar availability from the soil-plant-atmosphere transfer model MuSICA to generate estimates of cell number, cell volume, cell mass and wood density on a weekly time step. The model successfully predicted inter-annual variations in cell number, ring width and maximum wood density. The model was also able to predict the occurrence of special anatomical features such as intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in growth rings. Since cell wall thickness remained surprisingly constant within and between growth rings, variations in wood density were primarily the result of variations in lumen diameter, both in the model and anatomical data. In the model, changes in plant water status were identified as the main driver of the IADFs through a direct effect on cell volume. The anatomy data also revealed that a trade-off existed between hydraulic safety and hydraulic efficiency. Although a simplified description of cambial physiology is presented, this integrated modelling approach shows potential value for identifying universal patterns of tree-ring growth and anatomical features over a broad climatic gradient.

  18. [Tarantism in Spain in the eighteen century: latrodectism and suggestion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corral-Corral, I; Corral-Corral, C

    2016-10-16

    Introduccion. El tarantismo es la enfermedad producida por la picadura de la tarantula, en la que la musica de la tarantela desencadena un baile involuntario. Se conoce en Italia desde el siglo XVI. Objetivo. Analizar el tarantismo descrito en España a finales del siglo XVIII, atendiendo especialmente a sus aspectos neurologicos, y proponer su explicacion medica y psicopatologica. Desarrollo. En 1782 hubo una epidemia de afectados por picadura de tarantula en España. Medicos españoles describieron correctamente los efectos clinicos, identicos a los provocados por la picadura de la araña viuda negra (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus), identificada en la epoca como tarantula. Los casos descritos por Francisco Xavier Cid curaban con el baile involuntario provocado por la tarantela, como se describia en Italia desde el siglo XVI. Interpretamos el efecto curativo de este baile en España como un fenomeno de sugestion. En los pacientes españoles no se producian los trastornos del comportamiento, las recidivas periodicas ni la afectacion colectiva descritos por autores italianos, y que sugieren un fenomeno histerico, probablemente continuacion de la mania danzante de la Edad Media. Conclusiones. El tarantismo descrito en España en el siglo XVIII incluye dos fenomenos distintos: los sintomas sistemicos producidos de la mordedura de la tarantula, que es en realidad un latrodectismo, y el efecto curativo de la tarantela, lo cual se explica por un fenomeno de sugestion. Los trastornos psiquicos falsamente asociados a la picadura de la tarantula observados en Italia, de origen histerico, no estuvieron presentes en los casos españoles de tarantismo del siglo XVIII.

  19. [Spanish neuroscience in times of Don Quixote].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Araguz, Antonio; Mikola, Yvett; Almendral-Doncel, Raquel; Campos-Bueno, Javier

    2016-02-16

    Introduccion. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra publico su inmortal obra Don Quijote de la Mancha en plena epoca de crisis y decadencia en la España de la transicion entre los siglos XVI y XVII. Objetivo. En 2016 se conmemora el cuarto centenario del fallecimiento de nuestro insigne literato, por cuyo motivo analizamos en este articulo el estado de la neurociencia hispana, tanto en el texto quijotesco como en la obra de los autores coetaneos mas relevantes. Desarrollo. A pesar de las peyorativas circunstancias historicas, en la epoca de la transicion del Renacimiento al Barroco se produjo en la Corona de Castilla un florecimiento de la literatura (Siglo de Oro español) y de otras artes hispanas (pintura, escultura, arquitectura y musica), asi como una prodigiosa creatividad en el campo de la neurociencia, incluida en la filosofia natural. El medico Gomez Pereira, en su libro Antoniana Margarita, se adelanto en decadas a las bases del mecanicismo cerebral y del concepto de reflejo condicionado. El boticario Miguel Sabuco, en su texto Nueva filosofia, anticipo en siglos el concepto de neurotransmision. El medico Juan Huarte de San Juan fue el fundador de la neuropsicologia y la psicologia experimental; su texto Examen de ingenios ha sido uno de los textos cientificos mas influyentes y traducidos de todos los tiempos; sus conceptos quedan patentemente reflejados en el texto cervantino. Conclusion. Este analisis de la obra cervantina dentro del entorno cultural de la obra pretende ser un homenaje a la inmortal figura de nuestro 'Principe de los ingenios' en el cuarto centenario de su fallecimiento.

  20. [The reduction of the radiation dosage by means of storage phosphor-film radiography compared to a conventional film-screen system with a grid cassette on a skull phantom].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyne, J P; Merbold, H; Sehner, J; Neumann, R; Freesmeyer, M; Jonetz-Mentzel, L; Kaiser, W A

    1999-07-01

    How much can the radiation dose be reduced for skull radiography by using digital luminescence radiography (DLR) compared to a conventional screen film system with a grid cassette? A skull phantom (3M) was x-rayed in anterior-posterior orientation using both a conventional screen film system with grid cassette and DLR (ADC-70, Agfa). The tube current time product (mAs) was diminished gradually while keeping the voltage constant. The surface entrance dose was measured by a sensor of Dosimax (Wellhöfer). Five investigators evaluated the images by characteristic and critical features, spatial resolution and contrast. The surface entrance dose at 73 kV/22 mAs was 0.432 mGy in conventional screen film system and 0.435 mGy in DLR. The images could be evaluated very well down to an average dose of 71% (0.308 mGy; SD 0.050); sufficient images were obtained down to an average dose of 31% (0.136 mGy; SD 0.065). The resolution of the line pairs were reduced down to 2 levels depending on the investigator. Contrast was assessed as being very good to sufficient. The acceptance of the postprocessed images (MUSICA-software) was individually different and resulted in an improvement of the assessment of bone structures and contrast in higher dose ranges only. For the sufficient assessment of a possible fracture/of paranasal sinuses/of measurement of the skull the dose can be reduced to at least 56% (phi 31%; SD 14.9%)/40% (phi 27%; SD 9.3%)/18% (phi 14%; SD 4.4%). Digital radiography allows question-referred exposure parameters with clearly reduced dose, so e.g. for fracture exclusion 73 kV/12.5 mAs and to skull measurement 73 kV/4 mAs.

  1. Retorica melosului bizantin (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Suceava

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available On a souligné volontiers l’oubli et même „la mort de la rhétorique”, notamment à l’époque du Romantisme et de l’école positiviste. Voilà plus d’un demi-siècle que nous assistons à un renouveau d’intérêt pour la vieille discipline et particulièrement, en ce qui concerne le domaine de la musicologie, pour ce qu’on a pu nommer la „rhétorique musicale”. Nous avons essayé, dans cette première partie d’une étude que nous espérons développer dans la suite, à définir un cadre d’analyse appliquée à la mélopée byzantine en extrapolant en partie une série terminologique dont la musica poetica tirait déjà profit depuis la Renaissance, comme enseignement plus ou moins officialisé et comme instrument supérieur de création musicale. Il a fallu en premier lieu résumer des données historiques liées aux commencements de l’enseignement des disciplines libérales dans le monde byzantin, comme héritage de la civilisation antique, spécialement la rhétorique et la musique, en tâchant de signaler les éléments de la théologie chrétienne aptes à définir la mise en rapport de la doctrina christiana avec l’apprentissage, dans les écoles auliques, cathédrales ou monastiques de l’Empire, des disciplines du trivium et du quadrivium d’une part et de la poésie religieuse de l’autre.

  2. Il difficile cammino dell’analisi musicale in Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Annibaldi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Si immaginino gli atti d’un convegno sull’analisi musicale che abbia avuto luogo in un paese come la Francia, la Germania, l’ Inghilterra o gli Stati Uniti. Potrebbe mai accadere che essi vengano pubblicati sostituendo il discorso ufficiale d’apertura dei lavori con un testo tutto nuovo epperò simulante d’esser quello effettivamente pronunciato dall’autore? E potrebbe mai accadere - essendo costui un noto critico musicale e il direttore della collana editoriale comprendente gli atti in questione - che questo nuovo testo sia da lui dedicato a uno sfoggio della propria competenza analitica capace solo di esibire una visione dilettantesca della tecnica musicale tout court? Penso proprio di no. Eppure questo è accaduto in Italia non molti anni fa, quando le Edizioni Unicopli pubblicarono, nella collana dei "Quaderni di Musica/Realtà", gli atti di un convegno sull’analisi musicale tenuto nel 1989 a Reggio Emilia: il primo del genere negli annali della musicologia italiana. L’episodio rende bene l’idea dei pericoli incombenti sul cammino di quegli studiosi che, a far data dal convegno suddetto, si sono adoperati a che la pratica analitica acquisisse anche da noi la dignità scientifica di cui gode, appunto, in paesi come la Francia, la Germania, l’Inghilterra o gli Stati Uniti. Quei pericoli si chiamano ‘dilettantismo tecnico’, ‘arroganza intellettuale’, ‘ vezzo d’ imporre l’uno e l’altra grazie a un qualche tipo di potere personale’, ‘necessità di subire tale imposizione in cambio di qualche vantaggio pratico’.

  3. Image quality and dose differences caused by vendor-specific image processing of neonatal radiographs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sensakovic, William F.; O' Dell, M.C.; Letter, Haley; Kohler, Nathan; Rop, Baiywo; Cook, Jane; Logsdon, Gregory; Varich, Laura [Florida Hospital, Imaging Administration, Orlando, FL (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Image processing plays an important role in optimizing image quality and radiation dose in projection radiography. Unfortunately commercial algorithms are black boxes that are often left at or near vendor default settings rather than being optimized. We hypothesize that different commercial image-processing systems, when left at or near default settings, create significant differences in image quality. We further hypothesize that image-quality differences can be exploited to produce images of equivalent quality but lower radiation dose. We used a portable radiography system to acquire images on a neonatal chest phantom and recorded the entrance surface air kerma (ESAK). We applied two image-processing systems (Optima XR220amx, by GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI; and MUSICA{sup 2} by Agfa HealthCare, Mortsel, Belgium) to the images. Seven observers (attending pediatric radiologists and radiology residents) independently assessed image quality using two methods: rating and matching. Image-quality ratings were independently assessed by each observer on a 10-point scale. Matching consisted of each observer matching GE-processed images and Agfa-processed images with equivalent image quality. A total of 210 rating tasks and 42 matching tasks were performed and effective dose was estimated. Median Agfa-processed image-quality ratings were higher than GE-processed ratings. Non-diagnostic ratings were seen over a wider range of doses for GE-processed images than for Agfa-processed images. During matching tasks, observers matched image quality between GE-processed images and Agfa-processed images acquired at a lower effective dose (11 ± 9 μSv; P < 0.0001). Image-processing methods significantly impact perceived image quality. These image-quality differences can be exploited to alter protocols and produce images of equivalent image quality but lower doses. Those purchasing projection radiography systems or third-party image-processing software should be aware that image

  4. Misura e valutazione del rischio da esposizione al rumore per orchestrali di un teatro lirico nazionale - Measurement and risk assessment of noise exposure for orchestra members of an Italian opera house

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Annesi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Ad oggi in Letteratura sono presenti pochi studi di settore basati sulla valutazione del rischio rumore nei teatri lirici. Questa condizione si è venuta a creare nonostante in Italia prima il D.Lgs. 195/06, che ha recepito la Direttiva sul rumore 2003/10/CE, e poi le “Linee guida per il settore della musica e delle attività ricreative”, emanate ai sensi dell’art. 198 del D.Lgs. 81/08, obbligano i datori di lavoro a eseguire la valutazione dei rischi. Il presente lavoro riporta i risultati preliminari di uno studio pilota dell’esposizione professionale a rumore dei musicisti dell’orchestra sinfonica di un teatro lirico ita-liano. Sono state effettuate rilevazioni fonometriche su un campione rappresentativo dei componenti dell’orchestra, tramite dosimetri personali e analizzatori in frequenza. Le registrazioni sonore sono state effettuate durante le esecuzioni musicali nella fossa d’orchestra del teatro durante diverse tipologie di rappresentazioni teatrali. ------ To date, in the literature there are few field studies based on the noise risk assessment in opera houses. This condition has come about in spite of the Italian Leg. Decree n. 195/06, which transposed the noise Directive 2003/10/EC, and then the national "Guidelines for the music industry and recreation", issued under Art. 198 of Leg. Decree n. 81/08, oblige employers to perform noise risk assessment. This paper reports the preliminary results of a pilot study of occupational exposure to noise of the symphony orchestra musicians of an Italian opera. Surveys were carried out on a representative sample of members of the orchestra, using personal dosimeters and frequency analyzers. Sound recordings were made during the musical performances in the orchestra pit of the theater during the various types of theatrical performances.

  5. Cross-validation of IASI/MetOp derived tropospheric δD with TES and ground-based FTIR observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-L. Lacour

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI flying on-board MetOpA and MetOpB is able to capture fine isotopic variations of the HDO to H2O ratio (δD in the troposphere. Such observations at the high spatio temporal resolution of the sounder are of great interest to improve our understanding of the mechanisms controlling humidity in the troposphere. In this study we aim to empirically assess the validity of our error estimation previously evaluated theoretically. To achieve this, we compare IASI δD retrieved profiles with other available profiles of δD, from the TES infrared sounder onboard AURA and from three ground-based FTIR stations produced within the MUSICA project: the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change sites Kiruna and Izana, and the TCCON site Karlsruhe, which in addition to near-infrared TCCON spectra also records mid-infrared spectra. We describe the achievable level of agreement between the different retrievals and show that these theoretical errors are in good agreement with empirical differences. The comparisons are made at different locations from tropical to Arctic latitudes, above sea and above land. Generally IASI and TES are similarly sensitive to δD in the free troposphere which allows to compare their measurements directly. At tropical latitudes where IASI's sensitivity is lower than that of TES, we show that the agreement improves when taking into account the sensitivity of IASI in the TES retrieval. For the comparison IASI-FTIR only direct comparisons are performed because of similar sensitivities. We identify a quasi negligible bias in the free troposphere (−3‰ between IASI retrieved δD with the TES one, which are bias corrected, but an important with the ground-based FTIR reaching −47‰. We also suggest that model-satellite observations comparisons could be optimized with IASI thanks to its high spatial and temporal sampling.

  6. Intercomparison of atmospheric water vapour measurements at a Canadian High Arctic site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Dan; Strong, Kimberly; Schneider, Matthias; Rowe, Penny M.; Sioris, Chris; Walker, Kaley A.; Mariani, Zen; Uttal, Taneil; McElroy, C. Thomas; Vömel, Holger; Spassiani, Alessio; Drummond, James R.

    2017-08-01

    Water vapour is a critical component of the Earth system. Techniques to acquire and improve measurements of atmospheric water vapour and its isotopes are under active development. This work presents a detailed intercomparison of water vapour total column measurements taken between 2006 and 2014 at a Canadian High Arctic research site (Eureka, Nunavut). Instruments include radiosondes, sun photometers, a microwave radiometer, and emission and solar absorption Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers. Close agreement is observed between all combination of datasets, with mean differences ≤ 1.0 kg m-2 and correlation coefficients ≥ 0.98. The one exception in the observed high correlation is the comparison between the microwave radiometer and a radiosonde product, which had a correlation coefficient of 0.92.A variety of biases affecting Eureka instruments are revealed and discussed. A subset of Eureka radiosonde measurements was processed by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN) for this study. Comparisons reveal a small dry bias in the standard radiosonde measurement water vapour total columns of approximately 4 %. A recently produced solar absorption FTIR spectrometer dataset resulting from the MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) retrieval technique is shown to offer accurate measurements of water vapour total columns (e.g. average agreement within -5.2 % of GRUAN and -6.5 % of a co-located emission FTIR spectrometer). However, comparisons show a small wet bias of approximately 6 % at the high-latitude Eureka site. In addition, a new dataset derived from Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) measurements is shown to provide accurate water vapour measurements (e.g. average agreement was within 4 % of GRUAN), which usefully enables measurements to be taken during day and night (especially valuable during polar night).

  7. Latitudinal variation in the recruitment dynamics of small pelagic fishes in the western North Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Yoshiro

    2007-07-01

    The subarctic Oyashio Current flows south-westward and the subtropical Kuroshio Current flows north-eastward in the western North Pacific, converging in the waters off northern Japan to form the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition region. Some small pelagic fishes inhabit the subarctic or subtropical waters, and others seasonally migrate north and south across the major ocean fronts. Environmental conditions in the subarctic and transition waters are variable, whereas in the subtropical Kuroshio waters conditions are relatively stable. Latitudinally different environmental conditions may affect vital parameters and recruitment variability of small pelagic fishes inhabiting the various waters. Pacific saury Cololabis saira migrate seasonally from the Kuroshio to Oyashio waters and spawn in the transition waters in autumn and spring and in the Kuroshio waters in winter. During 1990-1999, the coefficients of variation (CVs) of daily growth rates (G) and instantaneous mortality coefficients (M) were large for larvae and juveniles spawned in the northern transition waters, but relatively small for those from the southern Kuroshio waters. The Pacific stock of chub mackerel Scomber japonicus spawns in the Kuroshio waters in spring and early summer and migrates to the subarctic Oyashio waters in summer for feeding, whereas the Tsushima Warm Current stock spawns in the East China Sea in spring and fish remain in the subtropical warm waters throughout their lifetime. The Pacific stock had CVs > 100% for the fish aged 0-5 during 1970-2002. In contrast, the Tsushima Warm Current stock had CVs of 34-40% during 1973-2002. Pacific herring Clupea pallasii, which inhabits subarctic waters, had CVs of 118-178% for the fish aged 3-8 y during 1910-1954. Japanese sardine Sardinops melanostictus, which spawn in the subtropical Kuroshio waters and migrate to the subarctic Oyashio waters in summer for feeding, had CVs > 120% for the fish aged 0-4 during 1976-2003. Contrasting with these subarctic

  8. 九种鲱科鱼类线粒体DNA细胞色素b基因相对速率测试及分歧时间估计%Phylogenetic analysis and relative-rate test of nine Clupeidae fishes ( Osteichthyes: Clupeiformes) inferred from cytochrome b gene sequence of mitochondrial DNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程起群; 卢大儒

    2006-01-01

    对鲱科9种鱼类的线粒体细胞色素b(cytb)基因序列进行综合分析.结果表明:(1)用NeighbourJoining(NJ)法构建的分子系统树显示盖纹沙丁鱼属的3种鱼类形成一个单系类群,鲱属2种鱼类形成一个单系类群,它们的bootstrap支持率均为100%.金色小沙丁鱼和短体小沙丁鱼形成一个单系类群,在NJ树中的支持率达到或超过50%.欧洲黍鲱与太平洋鲱和大西洋鲱是单系起源,其bootstrap支持率高达100%.系统发育结果还支持沙丁鱼属鱼类与盖纹沙丁鱼属鱼类是单系类群,支持率分别为87%和95%.但单系类群Ⅰ(包括大西洋鲱、太平洋鲱、欧洲黍鲱)和单系类群Ⅱ(包括欧洲沙丁鱼、加州沙丁鱼、南美拟沙丁鱼、斑点盖纹沙丁鱼)之间的系统发育关系尚不明确,因为它们之间的支持率很低.(2)dN/dS的比值显著的小于1(Ztest),提示由于功能限制,cytb基因受到强烈的负选择作用.(3)基于Tajima的1D和2D相对速率测试表明,分子钟假说在鲱科鱼类中是成立的;鲱科鱼类的分歧时间是0.12至13.45百万年间.%Phylogenetic analysis and relative- rate test of 9 Clupeidae fishes were performed using the cytochrome b(cytb) gene sequence data. Based on Kimura-2-Parameter(K2P) distance, bootstrapped NJ tree ( 1000 replicates) was generated from these 9 cytb gene sequences of Clupeidae fishes. Three species of genus Sardinops are monophyletic group, 2 species of genus Clupea are monophyletic group, and their bootstrap values are both 100%. Sardinella aurita and Sardinella maderensis are monophyletic group, their bootstrap value reached or exceed 50%. Sprattus sprattus which is a species of genus Sprattus, has a monophyletic origin with genus Clupea, their bootstrap value was 100%. The number of synonymous nucleotide substitution per synonymous site (dS) and the number of nonsynonymous nucleotide substitution per nonsynonymous site (dN) of cytb gene among Clupeidae fishes were calculated

  9. 枣庄民谣初探%A Look into the Folk Music of Zaozhuang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周惠珍

    2016-01-01

    民谣是一种社会语言学现象,是一地民风民俗的反映,它与社会生活的各个方面密切联系。研究民谣有助于我们正确认识社会和历史,对于语言文学、音乐、民俗文化研究,都有十分重要的意义。枣庄作为山东省历史文化名城之一,其特定的文化底蕴也催生出为数众多,内涵丰富,有节气、劳动场景、婚嫁、童谣、风俗特色等,几乎涵盖社会生活的每个方面,反映了枣庄地区特有的风俗和人文特色。本文以枣庄民谣为分析对象,着重分析了民谣承载的文化内容和语言特点,指出它在方言研究及文化贮存方面的作用,以增强人们对枣庄民谣的保护和研究意识。%Folk music,a type of social linguistic phenomenon,is a reflection of the custom and culture of one region and is closely associated with various aspects of social life. Folk music,the real"literature of the mass",tending to be realistic and allegorical,is the outflow of human thoughts and feelings and the best to display a folk's ideology and local features. Studying folk music helps us form proper opinions towards the society and history,also makes great difference to the study of language, literature,music,custom or culture. As a city famous for its culture and history in Shandong Province,Zaozhuang possesses a specific culture background,which engendered plenty of folk music in various subjects and categories,such as the solar terms, wedding ceremonies and nursery rhythms. The widely extended folk music that almost covers every aspect of social life can be used to guide one's social behavior and the thoughts and concepts behind. This paper analyzes Zaozhuang folk music,especially the culture content and language features it exhibits,trying to reveal its significance in dialect studies and culture reserve,so as to arouse people's awareness in protecting and studying it.

  10. The intellectual task of musicologists in the building of a European citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina La Face

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper, which has been proposed as keynote speech at the study session “Transmission of musical knowledge: constructing a European citizenship” (Rome, XIX IMS conference, July 6, 2012, suggests that it is important, and useful (in terms of both education and politics for all citizens of the European Union, and for the foreigners who access the EU, to highlight the art music (Kunstmusik, musica d’arte heritage, which constitutes one of the peculiar, distinctive features of European culture, and whose importance cannot certainly be reduced to the sphere of entertainment.The art music heritage raises specific issues, first of all its composite nature. We have a material heritage, made of objects that require preservation (instruments, scores, treatises, documents, buildings designed for music performance; and we have an immaterial heritage – whose value can be aesthetic (works and events, i.e. music pieces to be performed or listened to or intellectual (music texts, writings on music, theoretical and practical knowledge, performance techniques. The latter can only survive if it is taken care of and transmitted.Knowledge of the European music heritage can be a powerful tool for integration in the building of a European citizenship, since it makes us aware that we have one common musical tradition, open and manifold. This provides a shared reference framework to the many local musical traditions scattered over the continent, and, at the same time, offers a reading key (by analogy and/or contrast to groups of non-European citizens who come from different music cultures and aim at integrating into the Union. In this process, musicologists can play a crucial role, if only they understand that one of the missions of their discipline is to educate and transmit musical culture. Music pedagogy and didactics are not separate fields - on the contrary, we must again look at them as a supporting branch, vigorous and thriving, attached to the trunk

  11. Application value of direct digital radiography in lumber spine%直接数字化X线摄影在腰椎侧位影像中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何建勋; 李新春; 孙翀鹏; 钟志伟

    2006-01-01

    目的 探讨直接数字化X线摄影( direct digitized radiography, DDR)在腰椎侧位影像中的应用价值.方法 随机抽取81例患者的DDR腰椎侧位影像,使用图像后处理方法中多级图像对比增益法,又称"交响乐"功能(multi-scale image contrast amplification, MUSICA)进行后处理,同时取另81例患者进行普通X线摄影,由放射科经验丰富的医生、技师各2名对所有的腰椎侧位影像进行分析,采用常规影像质量评价指标评价两组的影像质量.结果 (1)DDR腰椎侧位影像质量影像评分为13.00,普通X线影像评分为8.96,经非参数检验的配对符号秩和检验,依赖负秩计算的统计量(Z=-7.88,P<0.01),两组差异有统计学意义,DDR腰椎侧位组明显优于普通平片组;(2)81例中DDR腰椎图像显示满意率为92.6%(75/81), 普通X线平片显示满意率为61.7%(50/81) ,两者差异有统计学意义(χ2 = 21.89, P<0.01). 结论 与普通X线影像相比,DDR影像能更好的显示下部腰椎椎体、附件及周围软组织,可获得良好的图像,有利于放射诊断工作.

  12. Cross-validation of IASI/MetOp derived tropospheric δD with TES and ground-based FTIR observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacour, J.-L.; Clarisse, L.; Worden, J.; Schneider, M.; Barthlott, S.; Hase, F.; Risi, C.; Clerbaux, C.; Hurtmans, D.; Coheur, P.-F.

    2015-03-01

    The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) flying onboard MetOpA and MetOpB is able to capture fine isotopic variations of the HDO to H2O ratio (δD) in the troposphere. Such observations at the high spatio-temporal resolution of the sounder are of great interest to improve our understanding of the mechanisms controlling humidity in the troposphere. In this study we aim to empirically assess the validity of our error estimation previously evaluated theoretically. To achieve this, we compare IASI δD retrieved profiles with other available profiles of δD, from the TES infrared sounder onboard AURA and from three ground-based FTIR stations produced within the MUSICA project: the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change) sites Kiruna and Izaña, and the TCCON site Karlsruhe, which in addition to near-infrared TCCON spectra also records mid-infrared spectra. We describe the achievable level of agreement between the different retrievals and show that these theoretical errors are in good agreement with empirical differences. The comparisons are made at different locations from tropical to Arctic latitudes, above sea and above land. Generally IASI and TES are similarly sensitive to δD in the free troposphere which allows one to compare their measurements directly. At tropical latitudes where IASI's sensitivity is lower than that of TES, we show that the agreement improves when taking into account the sensitivity of IASI in the TES retrieval. For the comparison IASI-FTIR only direct comparisons are performed because the sensitivity profiles of the two observing systems do not allow to take into account their differences of sensitivity. We identify a quasi negligible bias in the free troposphere (-3‰) between IASI retrieved δD with the TES, which are bias corrected, but important with the ground-based FTIR reaching -47‰. We also suggest that model-satellite observation comparisons could be optimized with IASI thanks to its high

  13. 直接数字化X线摄影在鼻骨摄影中的应用%Application of direct digital radiography of nasal bone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高登发; 王海军; 张爱莲; 王玉林

    2005-01-01

    目的探讨直接数字化X线摄影(direct digitized radiography, DDR)在鼻骨摄影中的应用价值.方法对100例DDR鼻骨侧位影像采用图像后处理方法中多级图像对比增益法,又称"交响乐"功能(multi-scale image contrast amplification, MUSICA)、影像切割与局部放大等功能进行后处理,同时数字随机法对其中30例行普通X线摄影.由放射科经验丰富的医、技师各2名对所有鼻骨影像进行分析,评价其对鼻骨骨折、鼻骨整体及鼻周软组织的显示.结果 100例DDR鼻骨影像中,诊断骨折46例,鼻骨整体及鼻周软组织显示满意的分别为95和92例;对照组30例DDR鼻骨影像发现骨折18例,X线片发现骨折11例,漏诊7例(χ2=5.14,P<0.05),30例DDR影像中,鼻骨整体及鼻周软组织显示满意的均为28例;普通X线片两者显示满意的分别为6例(χ2=20.05,P<0.05)和10例(χ2=15.06,P<0.05).结论 DDR影像比普通X线影像能更好的显示鼻骨和鼻周软组织,提高鼻骨骨折的检出率.

  14. Seasonal, synoptic and diurnal variation of atmospheric water-isotopologues in the boundary layer of Southwestern Germany caused by plant transpiration, cold-front passages and dewfall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christner, Emanuel; Dyroff, Christoph; Kohler, Martin; Zahn, Andreas; Gonzales, Yenny; Schneider, Matthias

    2013-04-01

    Atmospheric water is an enormously crucial trace gas. It is responsible for ~70 % of the natural greenhouse effect (Schmidt et al., JGR, 2010) and carries huge amounts of latent heat. The isotopic composition of water vapor is an elegant tracer for a better understanding and quantification of the extremely complex and variable hydrological cycle in Earth's atmosphere (evaporation, cloud condensation, rainout, re-evaporation, snow), which in turn is a prerequisite to improve climate modeling and predictions. As H216O, H218O and HDO differ in vapor pressure and mass, isotope fractionation occurs due to condensation, evaporation and diffusion processes. In contrast to that, plants are able to transpire water with almost no isotope fractionation. For that reason the ratio of isotopologue concentrations in the boundary layer (BL) provides, compared to humidity measurements alone, independent and additional constraints for quantifying the strength of evaporation and transpiration. Furthermore the isotope ratios contain information about transport history of an air mass and microphysical processes, that is not accessible by humidity measurements. Within the project MUSICA (MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water) a commercial Picarro Analyzer L2120-i is operated at Karlsruhe in Southwestern Germany, which is continuously measuring the isotopologues H216O, HDO and H218O of atmospheric water vapor since January 2012. A one year record of H216O, HDO and H218O shows clear seasonal, synoptic and diurnal characteristics and reveals the main driving processes affecting the isotopic composition of water vapor in the Middle European BL. Changes in continental plant transpiration and evaporation throughout the year lead to a slow seasonal HDO/H216O-variation, that cannot be explained by pure Rayleigh condensation. Furthermore, cold-front passages from NW lead to fast and pronounced depletion of the HDO/H216O-ratio within

  15. Voix-off et commentaire dans le cinéma documentaire et ethnographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Paggi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Une analyse de la voix-off dans le cinéma documentaire – dont la fonction est avant tout le commentaire – où la relation texte/image est considérée comme fondamentale dans la genèse de la signification. Avec l’avènement du sonore, le commentaire occupe dans le cinéma documentaire « classique » une place prédominante, jusqu’à la fin des années Cinquante lorsque commence à s’affirmer la nouvelle stratégie de mise en scène du cinéma direct. Foncièrement critique envers le commentaire qu’il considérait comme trop chargé d’autorité, le cinéma direct instaure alors une autre relation avec le réel, restituant la parole aux protagonistes des actions représentées. L’analyse de la voix-off et du commentaire s’appuie sur des exemples cinématographiques – dont Flaherty, Buñuel, Ivens, Resnais, Marker, Rouch. De ce dernier, on analyse ensuite le commentaire mytho-poétique du film ethnographique Le Dama d’Ambara, considéré comme un exemple de la délicate quête d’équilibre entre l’expression artistique de la cinématographie et la communication scientifique de l’anthropologie.Un’analisi della voce-off nel cinema documentario, dove assicura innanzitutto una funzione di commento, prendendo come fondamentale nella produzione di significato la relazione testo/immagine. Con l’avvento del cinema sonoro, il commento assume nel documentario « classico » un’importanza predominante, fino alla fine degli anni cinquanta, quando comincia ad affermarsi la nuova strategia di realizzazione del cinema diretto. Fondamentalmente critico verso il commento che considera troppo carico d’autorità, ma anche della musica di sottofondo, il cinema diretto instaura una diversa relazione con il reale, restituendo la parola ai protagonisti dell’azione rappresentata. L’analisi della voce-off e del commento si appoggia su alcuni esempi cinematografici – tra cui Flaherty, Buñuel, Ivens, Resnais, Marker, Rouch. Di

  16. Aria de pixel: riprodutibilità aurática digitale Ar de pixel: reprodutibilidade aurática digital Pixel air: digital auratic reprodutibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mássimo Canevacci

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio parte dalla riflessione del testo Writing Culture di Clifford-Marcus. Dopo più di 20 anni, è possibile verificare come questa critica, anziché aprire verso il futuro, ha chiuso una fase della mono-scrittura etnografica basata sul concetto di retorica e autorità. Già nella metà degli anni '80 stavano nascendo forme compositive multi-linguistiche sperimentali che applicavano una "etnografia indisciplinata" a design, architettura, pubblicità, musica, cinema, web. Si apre la sfida per una università non solo basata su Facoltà territoriali. Diverse modalità di comunicare attraverso il digitale mescolano e sincretizzano le visioni dualistiche di Benjamin su aura e riproducibilità. La mia prospettiva finale è la riproducibilità auratica digitale.Este artigo parte da reflexão sobre o texto Culture de.i Clifford-Marcus. Após 20 anos de sua publicação, é possível verificar como a crítica feita por este autor fecou uma fase da mono-escritura etnográfica baseana no conceito de retórica e autoridade. Já na metade dos anos 80 estavam nascendo formas compositivas multi-linguísticas experimentais que aplicavam um "etnografia indisciplinada" ao design, arquitetura, publicidade, música, cinema, web, abrindo uma via para universidades não somente baseadas sobre faculdades territoriais. Diversas modalidades de comunicação são digitalmente mixadas, sincretizando o dualimsno de Benjamin sobre aura e repordutibilidade. A minha perspectiva final é a reprodutibilidade aurática digital.My essay starts from a reflection on Clifford-Marcus's Writing Culture. After more than 20 years, it is possible to verify that such a critique - instead of opening toward the future - was going to close to the traditional ethnographic writing based on rhetoric and authority. In the middle of the 80's, were spreading experimental compositive patterns, applying an "undisciplined ethnography" to design, architecture, advertising, music, cinema and web

  17. Elisa Biagini (Florencia, 1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta González Saavedra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Elisa Biagini vive en Italia tras haber estudiado y enseñado en los Estados Unidos durante varios años. Sus poesías han sido publicadas en varias revistas y antologías italianas y americanas, entre otras. Algunas de las más recientes son Nuovissima poesia italiana (Mondadori, 2004 y Parola plurale (Sosselam 2005. Ha publicado siete colecciones poéticas, algunas bilingües, entre las que figuran  L'Ospite (Einaudi, 2004, Fiato. Parole per musica (Edizionidif, 2006, Nel bosco (Einaudi, 2007, The guest in the wood (Chelsea editions, 2013 – 2014 Best Translated Book Award, y la reciente Da una crepa (Einaudi, 2014. Sus poesías han sido traducidas al inglés, español, francés, portugués, japonés, croata, eslovaco, alemán, albanés, ruso, árabe y chino. Ha participado en importantes festivales italianos e internacionales (entre otros, en Italia “Festival della Letteratura” de Mantua, “Festival Poesia” de Parma, “RomaPoesia” de Roma, y en el extranjero “Stanza- Scotland's International Poetry Festival” en St. Andrews, Escocia, “Dubai International Poetry Festival” en Emiratos Árabes Unidos, “PoesieFestivalBerlin” en Berlín, “International Writers Workshop” en Hong Kong, “Struga Poetry Festival” en Struga, Macedonia, “Poetry Parnassus” en Londres, “Printemps des poètes” en Luxemburgo, “Queensland Poetry Festival” en Brisbane, Australia, “Festival Internacional de Poesía de Granada” en Nicaragua, “Xu Zhimo Poetry and Art Festival” en el King's College de Cambridge. Asimismo es traductora de poesía americana y, además de editar algunas colecciones de poetisas americanas contemporáneas, se ha encargado de la edición del volumen Nuovi poeti americani (Einaudi, 2006. Infine, insegna Scrittura Creativa (poesia, Travel Writing e Storia dell'Arte in Italia e all’estero, además de colaborar con artistas visules, coreógrafos y músicos. Entre otras actividades, es artista visual. www.elisabiagini.it

  18. Methodological disputes about interpretation of neum notation in the 20th century

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    Peno Vesna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Until the end of the twentieth century in Byzantine musicological science there were two diametrically opposite approaches to the interpretation of the Byzantine neum notation systems and post-Byzantine music heritage after the Fall of Constantinople. Western European scholars, ignoring the post-Byzantine Chant tradition and the last semeography reform from the early nineteenth century, looked at the problems of the musical past only from the perspective of the Middle Ages. Greek researchers have shared the belief that the condition of an adequate understanding of the mid-Byzantine notation, or the so-called old method, is the knowledge of analytical neum system and theory, the basics of which were set up by musicians from the end of the seventeenth and during the eighteenth century, and were finally shaped by Chrisantos, Gregory and Chourmouzios and officially accepted in the Greek church in 1814. The path to overcoming the issues relating to the development of neum notation, and finding an adequate manner of decoding it, led through the understanding of the phenomenon of "interpretation" and other tendencies that marked the post-Byzantine music practice. Two scientists -the Danish Jørgen Raasted, a follower of the Western European musicological methods established by founders of Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, and Greek theologist and musicologist Gregory Stathes - are specifically responsible for the reconciliation of the different methodological approaches. After numerous and often heated debates, the Danish scientist eventually largely accepted the views of his Greek counterpart. Moreover, he himself insisted, at the musicological conferences organized during the 1980s, on reviewing the controversial issues: the existence of chromatic intervals in the psalmody of the Middle-Ages, the problem of syllabic and melismatic interpretations of stenographic neum records, and so on. Concerning the above mentioned issues, the contemporary trends in

  19. L’insegnamento della lingua e letteratura italiane a Cuba.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayerìn Bello Valdés

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} Nel suo articolo l’autrice ricostruisce la storia dell’insegnamento delle lingua e della letteratura italiane a Cuba dal Novecento ai giorni nostri, e fornisce una ricca documentazione sui corsi di italiano, sugli studi e  sulle opere più importanti pubblicate a Cuba sulla nostra letteratura e sulle manifestazioni realizzate per la diffusione della cultura italiana nel paese. In particolare riferisce dell’importante ruolo svolto dalla rivista “Cuadernos de italianística cubana” – e dalle istituzioni accademiche e culturali che ad essa fanno riferimento – nel campo della ricerca linguistica, della glottodidattica, dello studio della cultura italiana nelle sue diverse manifestazioni, tra cui la musica e l’opera lirica, e nella diffusione dell’italiano attraverso specifici programmi televisivi.  Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} In her article the author reconstructs the history of Italian language and literature teaching in Cuba from the Nineteen Hundreds up to the present and provides a wealth of documentation on the Italian courses, studies and the most important works published in Cuba on our literature, as well as on events organized to spread Italian culture throughout the country.  In particular

  20. Evaluation of clinical image processing algorithms used in digital mammography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanca, Federica; Jacobs, Jurgen; Van Ongeval, Chantal; Claus, Filip; Celis, Valerie; Geniets, Catherine; Provost, Veerle; Pauwels, Herman; Marchal, Guy; Bosmans, Hilde

    2009-03-01

    Screening is the only proven approach to reduce the mortality of breast cancer, but significant numbers of breast cancers remain undetected even when all quality assurance guidelines are implemented. With the increasing adoption of digital mammography systems, image processing may be a key factor in the imaging chain. Although to our knowledge statistically significant effects of manufacturer-recommended image processings have not been previously demonstrated, the subjective experience of our radiologists, that the apparent image quality can vary considerably between different algorithms, motivated this study. This article addresses the impact of five such algorithms on the detection of clusters of microcalcifications. A database of unprocessed (raw) images of 200 normal digital mammograms, acquired with the Siemens Novation DR, was collected retrospectively. Realistic simulated microcalcification clusters were inserted in half of the unprocessed images. All unprocessed images were subsequently processed with five manufacturer-recommended image processing algorithms (Agfa Musica 1, IMS Raffaello Mammo 1.2, Sectra Mamea AB Sigmoid, Siemens OPVIEW v2, and Siemens OPVIEW v1). Four breast imaging radiologists were asked to locate and score the clusters in each image on a five point rating scale. The free-response data were analyzed by the jackknife free-response receiver operating characteristic (JAFROC) method and, for comparison, also with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) method. JAFROC analysis revealed highly significant differences between the image processings (F = 8.51, p < 0.0001), suggesting that image processing strongly impacts the detectability of clusters. Siemens OPVIEW2 and Siemens OPVIEW1 yielded the highest and lowest performances, respectively. ROC analysis of the data also revealed significant differences between the processing but at lower significance (F = 3.47, p = 0.0305) than JAFROC. Both statistical analysis methods revealed that the

  1. Interactive effects of nocturnal transpiration and climate change on the root hydraulic redistribution and carbon and water budgets of southern United States pine plantations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domec, Jean-Christophe; Ogée, Jérôme; Noormets, Asko; Jouangy, Julien; Gavazzi, Michael; Treasure, Emrys; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve G; King, John S

    2012-06-01

    Deep root water uptake and hydraulic redistribution (HR) have been shown to play a major role in forest ecosystems during drought, but little is known about the impact of climate change, fertilization and soil characteristics on HR and its consequences on water and carbon fluxes. Using data from three mid-rotation loblolly pine plantations, and simulations with the process-based model MuSICA, this study indicated that HR can mitigate the effects of soil drying and had important implications for carbon uptake potential and net ecosystem exchange (NEE), especially when N fertilization is considered. At the coastal site (C), characterized by deep organic soil, HR increased dry season tree transpiration (T) by up to 40%, and such an increase affected NEE through major changes in gross primary productivity (GPP). Deep-rooted trees did not necessarily translate into a large volume of HR unless soil texture allowed large water potential gradients to occur, as was the case at the sandy site (S). At the Piedmont site (P) characterized by a shallow clay-loam soil, HR was low but not negligible, representing up to 10% of T. In the absence of HR, it was predicted that at the C, S and P sites, annual GPP would have been diminished by 19, 7 and 9%, respectively. Under future climate conditions HR was predicted to be reduced by up to 25% at the C site, reducing the resilience of trees to precipitation deficits. The effect of HR on T and GPP was predicted to diminish under future conditions by 12 and 6% at the C and P sites, respectively. Under future conditions, T was predicted to stay the same at the P site, but to be marginally reduced at the C site and slightly increased at the S site. Future conditions and N fertilization would decrease T by 25% at the C site, by 15% at the P site and by 8% at the S site. At the C and S sites, GPP was estimated to increase by 18% and by >70% under future conditions, respectively, with little effect of N fertilization. At the P site, future

  2. Finding-specific display presets for computed radiography soft-copy reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriole, K P; Gould, R G; Webb, W R

    1999-05-01

    Much work has been done to optimize the display of cross-sectional modality imaging examinations for soft-copy reading (i.e., window/level tissue presets, and format presentations such as tile and stack modes, four-on-one, nine-on-one, etc). Less attention has been paid to the display of digital forms of the conventional projection x-ray. The purpose of this study is to assess the utility of providing presets for computed radiography (CR) soft-copy display, based not on the window/level settings, but on processing applied to the image optimized for visualization of specific findings, pathologies, etc (i.e., pneumothorax, tumor, tube location). It is felt that digital display of CR images based on finding-specific processing presets has the potential to: speed reading of digital projection x-ray examinations on soft copy; improve diagnostic efficacy; standardize display across examination type, clinical scenario, important key findings, and significant negatives; facilitate image comparison; and improve confidence in and acceptance of soft-copy reading. Clinical chest images are acquired using an Agfa-Gevaert (Mortsel, Belgium) ADC 70 CR scanner and Fuji (Stamford, CT) 9000 and AC2 CR scanners. Those demonstrating pertinent findings are transferred over the clinical picture archiving and communications system (PACS) network to a research image processing station (Agfa PS5000), where the optimal image-processing settings per finding, pathologic category, etc, are developed in conjunction with a thoracic radiologist, by manipulating the multiscale image contrast amplification (Agfa MUSICA) algorithm parameters. Soft-copy display of images processed with finding-specific settings are compared with the standard default image presentation for 50 cases of each category. Comparison is scored using a 5-point scale with the positive scale denoting the standard presentation is preferred over the finding-specific processing, the negative scale denoting the finding

  3. Image quality and dose differences caused by vendor-specific image processing of neonatal radiographs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sensakovic, William F; O'Dell, M Cody; Letter, Haley; Kohler, Nathan; Rop, Baiywo; Cook, Jane; Logsdon, Gregory; Varich, Laura

    2016-10-01

    Image processing plays an important role in optimizing image quality and radiation dose in projection radiography. Unfortunately commercial algorithms are black boxes that are often left at or near vendor default settings rather than being optimized. We hypothesize that different commercial image-processing systems, when left at or near default settings, create significant differences in image quality. We further hypothesize that image-quality differences can be exploited to produce images of equivalent quality but lower radiation dose. We used a portable radiography system to acquire images on a neonatal chest phantom and recorded the entrance surface air kerma (ESAK). We applied two image-processing systems (Optima XR220amx, by GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI; and MUSICA(2) by Agfa HealthCare, Mortsel, Belgium) to the images. Seven observers (attending pediatric radiologists and radiology residents) independently assessed image quality using two methods: rating and matching. Image-quality ratings were independently assessed by each observer on a 10-point scale. Matching consisted of each observer matching GE-processed images and Agfa-processed images with equivalent image quality. A total of 210 rating tasks and 42 matching tasks were performed and effective dose was estimated. Median Agfa-processed image-quality ratings were higher than GE-processed ratings. Non-diagnostic ratings were seen over a wider range of doses for GE-processed images than for Agfa-processed images. During matching tasks, observers matched image quality between GE-processed images and Agfa-processed images acquired at a lower effective dose (11 ± 9 μSv; P < 0.0001). Image-processing methods significantly impact perceived image quality. These image-quality differences can be exploited to alter protocols and produce images of equivalent image quality but lower doses. Those purchasing projection radiography systems or third-party image-processing software should be aware that image

  4. Changes in Ultrasonographic Vascularity Upon Initiation of Adalimumab Combination Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With an Inadequate Response to Methotrexate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaeley, Gurjit S; Nishio, Midori J; Goyal, Janak R; MacCarter, Daryl K; Wells, Alvin F; Chen, Su; Kupper, Hartmut; Kalabic, Jasmina

    2016-11-01

    To assess joint disease activity by ultrasound (US) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) initiating treatment with adalimumab (ADA) plus methotrexate (MTX). Data for this post hoc analysis originated from the MUSICA trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01185288), which evaluated the efficacy of initiating ADA (40 mg every other week) plus 7.5 or 20 mg/week MTX in 309 patients with RA with an inadequate response to MTX. Synovial vascularization over 24 weeks was assessed bilaterally at metacarpophalangeal joint 2 (MCP2), MCP3, MCP5, metatarsophalangeal joint 5, and the wrists by power Doppler US (PDUS). A semiquantitative 4-grade scale was used. Disease activity was assessed using the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using the C-reactive protein level (DAS28-CRP) and Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI). The correlation between continuous variables was assessed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. After 24 weeks of treatment with ADA plus MTX, rapid improvements in the mean synovial vascularity score were observed; the greatest improvements were in MCP2 (-0.5), MCP3 (-0.4), and the wrist (-0.4). At week 24, patients with the lowest DAS28-CRP ( 0.9). Synovial vascularity scores correlated poorly with DAS28, swollen joint count in 66 joints (SJC66), SJC28, tender joint count in 68 joints (TJC68), TJC28, Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), SDAI, physician's global assessment, patient's global assessment of pain, and disease duration (ρ < 0.2). Thirty-two (70%) of 46 patients with a DAS28-CRP of <2.6, and 11 (58%) of 19 patients with an SDAI indicating remission had at least 1 joint with a synovial vascularity score of ≥1. PDUS detects changes in synovial vascularity in RA patients treated with ADA plus MTX, and residual synovial vascularity in patients in whom clinical disease control has been achieved. © 2016 The Authors. Arthritis & Rheumatology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology.

  5. Fedra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lílian Campesato

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Lílian Campesato é musicista e pesquisadora com ênfase na experimentação de meios híbridos e não usuais de criação sonora, especialmente performances. Seus trabalhos exploram o uso da voz e gesto combinados a recursos eletrônicos e audiovisuais. Trabalha como curadora de mostras de música experimental e arte sonora desde 2011, tais como: Conexões Sonoras 2: mostra de arte multimídia (MIS – SP, 2011, ¿Música? 9: Partituras Verbais (Ibrasotope – SP, 2014, FIME (Festival Internacional de Música Experimental – SP, 2015. Tem se apresentado regularmente como artista sonora e performer em eventos no Brasil e exterior como: FILE Hipersônica (SP, 2007 e RJ, 2008, SBCM (SP, 2007, Re:New Digital Arts Forum (Copenhagen, Dinamarca, 2008, 5th Sound and Music Computing Conference (Porto, Portugal, 2009, EIMAS (Juiz de Fora, 2010, 10 Festival Internacional de la Imagen (Manizales, Colômbia, 2011, Sonorities: Festival of Contemporary Music (Belfast, Irlanda do Norte, 2012, Escuchar: ciclo de arte sonoro y musica experimental (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2012, Festival Klem-Kuraia (Bilbao, Espanha, 2012. Realizou doutorado na Universidade de São Paulo com a tese “Vidro e Martelo: contradições na estetização do ruído na música”, que trata de diferentes concepções sonoras na música e nas artes a partir das relações de incorporação e rejeição do ruído. Atualmente realiza pós-doutorado junto ao NuSom – Núcleo de Pesquisas em Sonologia da USP com uma pesquisa que investiga os discursos acerca dos contornos e limites da música. Foi uma das criadoras do Sonora, um grupo dedicado à discussão da participação das mulheres na música. (Foto/Crédito: Art Dekline

  6. The Artful Universe Expanded

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bassett, B A [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-29

    The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into a tapestry as rich and interesting for the expert as it is for the layperson. The Artful Universe Expanded is an updated edition of this popular book first published in 1995. It explores the deeply profound manner in which natural law and the nature of the cosmos have moulded and shaped us, our cultures and the very form of our arts and music-a new type of 'cosmic' anthropology. The main themes Barrow chooses for revealing this new anthropology are the subjects of evolution, the size of things, the heavens and the nature of music. The book is a large, eclectic repository of knowledge often unavailable to the layperson, hidden in esoteric libraries around the world. It rivals The Da Vinci Code for entertainment value and insights, but this time it is Nature's code that is revealed. It is rare indeed to find common threads drawn through topics as diverse as The Beetles, Bach and Beethoven or between Jackson Pollock, the Aztecs, Kant, Picasso, Byzantine mosaics, uranium-235 and the helix nebula. Barrow unerringly binds them together, presenting them in a stimulating, conversational style that belies the amount of time that must have gone into researching this book. Dip into it at random, or read it from cover to cover, but do read it. The Artful Universe Expanded is an entertaining antidote to the oft-lamented pressures to know more and more about less and less and the apparently inexorable march of specialization. On reading this book one can, for a short time at least, hold in one's mind a vision that unifies science, art and culture and glimpse a universal tapestry of great

  7. Misurare la cosiddetta “pirateria”: una rassegna commentata delle principali ricerche empiriche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Aliprandi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available ItSono molte le ricerche empiriche che si occupano periodicamente di indagare i comportamenti degli utenti in materia di prodotti tutelati dal diritto d'autore (musica, film, software.... Ma molte di esse partono da un presupposto che non sempre si rivela veritiero: ovvero quello per cui gli utenti di questi prodotti siano sempre potenziali acquirenti di questi prodotti e non meri utenti di un servizio. Ciò comporta che tali ricerche assumano più che altro la veste di ricerche di mercato condotte non tanto per comprendere la vera essenza di comportamenti, opinioni e atteggiamenti, quanto per valutare nuove strategie di marketing che consentano ai produttori di assecondare le nuove istanze poste dalla società dell'informazione. In questo articolo si vuole passare in rassegna le ricerche più recenti e interessanti condotte in quest'ambito, riassumendone i risultati più utili ma anche mettendone in luce i limiti di metodo e soprattutto di approccio al fenomeno indagato. La panoramica che ne deriva non ha certo la pretesa di essere esaustiva (visto l'ingente quantità di ricerche di questo tipo ma si pone come traccia per una migliore comprensione delle problematiche in gioco dal punto di vista dell'indagine sociologica e statistica.EnThere are lots of empirical studies that regularly deal with investigating users' behavior about copyrighted products (music, movies, software .... However many of them start from an assumption that does not always come true: i.e. the assumption that users are always potential purchasers of a product and not mere users of a service. It implies that some surveys become something more similar to market research which are carried out not just to understand the true essence of behaviors, opinions and attitudes, rather than to evaluate new marketing strategies and enable producers to meet new marketing challenges for the information society. The idea of this article is to make a review of the latest and most

  8. Mastimännid ja muu mets : mitmekülgsuse võlu Eesti proosast aastal 2007 / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgimisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi", Tõnu Õnnepalu "Flandria päevik", Toomas Vint "Mäluauguga naine", Indrek Hargla "French ja Koulu Tarbatus", Kalle Käsper "Buridanid IV", Jaan Tooming "Teekond mäe südamesse", Ustav Mikelsaar "Tunnimehed", Henn Mikelsaar "Teema variatsioonidega", Reet Kudu "Pidupäevad võõrsil", Mara Maret Aronovich "Tagasikäiguga edasi", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Valentine Nõlvak "Ellujääja : mälestused", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Maimu Berg "Unustatud inimesed", Mats Traat "Sarviku armastus : valik kultuuriloolisi novelle", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant : novellid Rui taevalike kommentaaridega", Paavo Kivine "Kaks kavaleri", Kärt Hellerma "Ma armastasin David Copperfieldi", Piret Bristol "Paralleelmeri", Imre Siil "Mereröövlite loss", Kalju Saaber "Issanda loomaaed. Viru sektor", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Vahur Afanasjev "Kaadrid otsustavad, ehk, Sööbik ja Pisik seiklevad jälle, ehk, Eesti rahva lühike, kuid õnnelik ajalugu, Ehk kirjalik komejant tühjusest", Aarne Ruuben "Lugusid Anveltist ja Kingissepast", Epp Annus "Sina, Matilda", Peeter Helme "Puudutus", Ivar Sild "Tantsiv linn", Tui Hirv "Tähe tänav. Per musica ad astra", Tiina Laanem "Väikesed vanamehed", Angela Hofberg (pseud.) "Päev nagu elu", Marion Andra "Vähemalt...", Olle Lauli "Niguliste õpilased", Aarne Biin "Linna valitsemine", Erik Tohvri "Mürgiliblikas", Riina Kangur "Elisa", Kerttu Rakke "Küpsiseparadiis", Epp Petrone ja Dagmar Reintam "Õun ära süüa?", Elme Väljaste "Päriselu Proletariaadi puiesteel", Ketlin Priilinn "Hõbeingel", Ira Lember "Kohvik pärnade all", Paul Pajos "Krimijutud edasijõudnuile", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Klaara ja Kaarel Kivi "Mõrvasügis", Tiit Sepa "Hommik ühele", Lembit Uustulnd "Ruutuemanda sündroom : rahvusvaheline

  9. Mastimännid ja muu mets : mitmekülgsuse võlu Eesti proosast aastal 2007 / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgimisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi", Tõnu Õnnepalu "Flandria päevik", Toomas Vint "Mäluauguga naine", Indrek Hargla "French ja Koulu Tarbatus", Kalle Käsper "Buridanid IV", Jaan Tooming "Teekond mäe südamesse", Ustav Mikelsaar "Tunnimehed", Henn Mikelsaar "Teema variatsioonidega", Reet Kudu "Pidupäevad võõrsil", Mara Maret Aronovich "Tagasikäiguga edasi", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Valentine Nõlvak "Ellujääja : mälestused", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Maimu Berg "Unustatud inimesed", Mats Traat "Sarviku armastus : valik kultuuriloolisi novelle", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant : novellid Rui taevalike kommentaaridega", Paavo Kivine "Kaks kavaleri", Kärt Hellerma "Ma armastasin David Copperfieldi", Piret Bristol "Paralleelmeri", Imre Siil "Mereröövlite loss", Kalju Saaber "Issanda loomaaed. Viru sektor", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Vahur Afanasjev "Kaadrid otsustavad, ehk, Sööbik ja Pisik seiklevad jälle, ehk, Eesti rahva lühike, kuid õnnelik ajalugu, Ehk kirjalik komejant tühjusest", Aarne Ruuben "Lugusid Anveltist ja Kingissepast", Epp Annus "Sina, Matilda", Peeter Helme "Puudutus", Ivar Sild "Tantsiv linn", Tui Hirv "Tähe tänav. Per musica ad astra", Tiina Laanem "Väikesed vanamehed", Angela Hofberg (pseud.) "Päev nagu elu", Marion Andra "Vähemalt...", Olle Lauli "Niguliste õpilased", Aarne Biin "Linna valitsemine", Erik Tohvri "Mürgiliblikas", Riina Kangur "Elisa", Kerttu Rakke "Küpsiseparadiis", Epp Petrone ja Dagmar Reintam "Õun ära süüa?", Elme Väljaste "Päriselu Proletariaadi puiesteel", Ketlin Priilinn "Hõbeingel", Ira Lember "Kohvik pärnade all", Paul Pajos "Krimijutud edasijõudnuile", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Klaara ja Kaarel Kivi "Mõrvasügis", Tiit Sepa "Hommik ühele", Lembit Uustulnd "Ruutuemanda sündroom : rahvusvaheline

  10. I concetti di "materia", "forma" e "ordine" nel pensiero teorico musicale medievale e contemporaneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Panti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La dimensione teorica della musica occidentale, nella sua evoluzione storica, ha inevitabilmente fatto uso di concetti essenziali alla definizione di come il suono è musicalmente organizzato o organizzabile. Fra questi, risultano imprescindibili le nozioni di materia, forma e ordine, che implicano rispettivamente, nei pur diversi ambiti linguistici e contesti storico-filosofici di riferimento, ciò di cui è fatta la musica, ciò a cui la materia sonora tende, e come tale tensione è realizzata. Scopo di questo contributo è una valutazione d’insieme sulla valenza filosofica e l’uso di tali concetti nel pensiero musicale occidentale altomedievale e in quello del Novecento, che nonostante la distanza cronologica presentano convergenze significative. Nel Medioevo, un lungo processo di elaborazione teorico-pratica permise la matematizzazione dello spazio (e, più tardi, anche del tempo musicale, attraverso l’adattamento di moduli melodici, trasmessi oralmente, alle strutture scalari desunte dalla teoria greco-boeziana. La forma e l’ordo musicali furono quindi riferiti ai criteri fisico-matematici atti a distinguere nella materia sonora, in sé disorganica e indefinita, ciò che è musicale da ciò che non lo è. Tale concezione sparisce con l’affermarsi del sistema tonale, ove il suono fisico è concepito come “pre-formato” e “pre-ordinato” nella gamma scalare e nei vincoli attrattivi “naturali” degli armonici. In conseguenza, i concetti di forma e ordine abbandonano il contesto acustico, andando a definire i criteri teorici della composizione artistica, in linea con l’idea filosofica del loro esprimere la coerenza logico-sintattica dell’“insieme organico” (la Formenlehre teorizzata da Widmann. Nell’ambito del pensiero musicale del Novecento, la crisi del sistema tonale e la messa a punto di nuove modalità e tecniche di produzione del suono hanno riorientato la valenza significante e l’uso di questi tre concetti

  11. 'Pinning and flux dynamics I' in the memory of Professor John Clem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Harald W.

    2014-04-01

    their home and at barbecues during the hot and humid evenings of typical Iowa summer days. We were sometimes lucky in persuading John to sing for us in his beautiful baritone. He performed regularly at special events in the Church or at ISU's Musica Antiqua. We all got to know their children, Paul and Jean, and followed their development with great pleasure. Paul became a well known physicist himself. With the advent of high temperature superconductivity, John played a leading role worldwide, as the editor and heart of the famous 'High-Tc Update' and as the author of fundamental papers on the subject. He was certainly the most sought-after invited or plenary speaker, both at small workshops and at huge international conferences; and each of his lectures was certainly to the point and enlightening! As fate unfortunately hit the Clem family in 2001 and Judy became completely paralyzed after brain tumor surgery, John took early retirement in order to be at home and to take care of his beloved wife. However, in 2009 he too received bad news as he was diagnosed with 'mesothelioma', a type of lung cancer, which he thought he may have contracted as a youngster working with asbestos during the school holidays. He lost this battle on 2 August 2013. John, we'll miss you and we'll certainly remember you with the greatest respect for your science and with great love for your warm and charming personality. Genova, 18 September 2013

  12. Convergence of the effect of root hydraulic functioning and root hydraulic redistribution on ecosystem water and carbon balance across divergent forest ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    domec, J.; King, J. S.; Ogée, J.; Noormets, A.; Warren, J.; Meinzer, F. C.; Sun, G.; Jordan-Meille, L.; Martineau, E.; Brooks, R. J.; Laclau, J.; Battie Laclau, P.; McNulty, S.

    2012-12-01

    INVITED ABSTRACT: Deep root water uptake and hydraulic redistribution (HR) play a major role in forest ecosystems during drought, but little is known about the impact of climate change on root-zone processes influencing HR and its consequences on water and carbon fluxes. Using data from two old growth sites in the western USA, two mature sites in the eastern USA, one site in southern Brazil, and simulations with the process-based model MuSICA, our objectives were to show that HR can 1) mitigate the effects of soil drying on root functioning, and 2) have important implications for carbon uptake and net ecosystem exchange (NEE). In a dry, old-growth ponderosa pine (USA) and a eucalyptus stand (Brazil) both characterized by deep sandy soils, HR limited the decline in root hydraulic conductivity and increased dry season tree transpiration (T) by up to 30%, which impacted NEE through major increases in gross primary productivity (GPP). The presence of deep-rooted trees did not necessarily imply high rates of HR unless soil texture allowed large water potential gradients to occur, as was the case in the wet old-growth Douglas-fir/mixed conifer stand. At the Duke mixed hardwood forest characterized by a shallow clay-loam soil, modeled HR was low but not negligible, representing annually up to 10% of T, and maintaining root conductance high. At this site, in the absence of HR, it was predicted that annual GPP would have been diminished by 7-19%. At the coastal loblolly pine plantation, characterized by deep organic soil, HR limited the decline in shallow root conductivity by more than 50% and increased dry season T by up to 40%, which increased net carbon gain by the ecosystem by about 400 gC m-2 yr-1, demonstrating the significance of HR in maintaining the stomatal conductance and assimilation capacity of the whole ecosystem. Under future climate conditions (elevated atmospheric [CO2] and temperature), HR is predicted to be reduced by up to 50%; reducing the resilience of

  13. Euridice by Giulio Caccini: Two (? Copies of the Original Score Held in the Cathedral of Ljubljana around 1620

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metoda Kokole

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available L’Euridice, composta in musica in stile rappresentativo by Giulio Caccini (1551–1618 is considered the first fully preserved and printed opera in music history. It was composed in 1600 to the libretto by Ottavio Rinuccini, itself commissioned for the wedding celebrations of Maria de Medici and her spouse, the French king Henry IV. The score was printed in 1600 in Florence and dedicated to Count Giovanni Bardi; in 1615 it was reprinted in Venice, but without the dedication. In fact, Caccini had not been commissioned to write the music for that occasion: in 1600 the official composer of the opera Euridice had been Jacopo Peri, whose version, with approximately one sixth of Caccini’s music – the parts sung by Caccini’s family members, including Euridice’s part – was performed in Florence on 6 October 1600. At this hybrid performance, parts of Giulio Caccini’s opera were heard for the first time. The only known full staging of Caccini’s opera took place on 5 December 1602 at Palazzo Pitti in Florence to honour Cardinal Montalto. It entertained the noble public for two hours. Considering the simplicity and shortness of the extant score, the performance cannot have been a simple one: it would have included repetitions, dances, and other unwritten additions. In the tradition of humanist Florentine circles, Ottavio Rinuccini’s libretto follows one of the most famous classical myths – the story of the divine singer Orpheus, which was particularly appropriate for a first attempt to resurrect the classical tragedy, believed to have been entirely sung. Yet Rinuccini was inspired not only by Ovid’s and Virgil’s narratives of the myth but also by Angelo Poliziano’s Favola di Orfeo and some other, earlier Renaissance sources. Thee story itself was partly changed and adapted to the occasion of an important state marriage, a common practice in later operatic texts as well. It tells only the first part of the myth, centred on the

  14. The light of the word in Ljubica Marić's music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makević Zorica

    2009-01-01

    the Serbian Octoechos in the cycle Musica Octoicha (1958-1963. Thus, Ljubica Marić's music has entered its 'New Testament' time and become a specific story of the Logos and His presence in the world and history. In the opaque and dramatic course of that related musical time, the melodics of chanting is experienced as the manifestation of the light, meaning, reason freedom, awe. These graceful effects bring into the work a certain beyond-time dynamics - inverse perspective of time - and, like a Byzantine church dome, they bear witness to the divine condescension. Ljubica Marić's music is steeped in the mystery of the beginning and the end, which meet in eternity, in the One who is Alpha and Omega; in its one tone and in its entire course, it grasps the whole of time and existence - through the divine Word itself by which it has also been made.

  15. L’anthropologie historique par le détour de la musicologie : une ethnomusicologie historique du Moyen âge est-elle souhaitable ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Henrik Aubert

    2010-06-01

    e storia in diversi campi disciplinari, (« antropologia storica », « etnostoria », è possibile riscontrare dei fenomeni analoghi di accostamento nell’ambito della musicologia, nella quale si è cercato in particolare di integrare la sezione storica (« musicologia storica » e quella antropologica (« musicologia comparata » e « etnomusicologia » in quel che si è definito « etnomusicologia storica ». L’obiettivo di questo articolo è di spostare l’accento del dibattito dal livello interdisciplinare al livello supra-disciplinare, nella convinzione che l’interdisciplinarietà non possa essere la soluzione a quei problemi che sono posti dall’orizzonte concettuale che struttura l’insieme delle discipline che si pongono in relazione. Si offrirà pertanto un esame del contesto di formazione delle discipline moderne e dei loro presupposti condivisi, in riferimento particolare allo studio della musica medievale.

  16. La classe T "Economia" nella classificazione bibliografica Bliss Class T "Economics" in Bliss Bibliografic Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Viti

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Partendo da alcune considerazioni generali sul rapporto disciplina-fenomeno all'interno della Classificazione Bibliografica Bliss (2. ed., si offre una panoramica relativa all'architettura di uno specifico dominio disciplinare: l'economia. La difficoltà a sistematizzare questa disciplina come soggetto specifico e la rapida diffusione di acronimi e nuovi termini creati per abbreviazione o per combinazione di parole già esistenti, ha portato a una drastica revisione della struttura della tavola T, Economics & Management of economic enterprise, che è attualmente organizzata in categorie, faccette e sottofaccette, le quali, per formazione di classi composte, seguono un rigoroso ordine di citazione. Il sistema prevede un ordine lineare, una notazione per mantenere l'ordine di elencazione e un indice alfabetico di tutti i termini delle tavole. La BC2 è il solo esempio di architettura classificatoria analitico-sintetica completamente faccettata, aggiornata e coerentemente sviluppata, ma è poco usata al di fuori dell’Inghilterra ed è ancora priva di un'interfaccia web che possa rappresentare tutte le complesse relazioni semantiche del sistema. La sua struttura ha esercitato influenze sull'informatica, testimoniate dal progetto FATKS dell’University College London, che ha studiato l’impiego delle classificazioni analitico-sintetiche come base per l’indicizzazione delle risorse digitali. Sono inoltre in atto alcune sperimentazioni che mostrano le potenzialità di conversione di questa classificazione in formato thesaurus (in particolare della classe dedicata alla musica; ed è oggetto di studio lo sviluppo di un software di generare un thesaurus dagli stessi file di input, usati per la visualizzazione della classificazione e dell’indice alfabetico.L'autrice vuole porgere un sentito ringraziamento ad Alberto Cheti, Claudio Gnoli e Anna Lucarelli per la paziente lettura e i preziosi consigli.Starting from some general thoughts on the

  17. A composer’s inner biography a sketch for the study of influences in Ljubica Marić’s oeuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melita Milin

    2004-01-01

    that preceded her first masterpiece, the cantata The Songs of Space (1956. It is however worth examining whether or not they were really "dry years". It is certain that for Ljubica Marić, they were fresh discoveries of Serbian traditional singing, both folk and church, poetic and artistic treasures of the Middle Ages - but she also revived earlier experiences (from the pre-war decade that she had rejected at the time, mainly the music of Stravinsky, Bartók and Slavenski. Although those influences can be detected in the score of The Songs of Space, the work has a strong individual imprint, an identity of its own. In the works that followed, The Passacaglia for orchestra and in several compositions belonging to the cycle Musica octoicha (Octoicha 1, The Byzantine Concerto, Ostinato super thema octoicha, The Threshold of Dreams original traits of Ljubica Marić’s poetics became even more pronounced. The last works that she produced (in the 1980’s and 1990’s are all for instrumental soloists or chamber ensembles. They continue with, and refine the main characteristics of the earlier ones. Ljubica Marić’s evolvement thus presents a search for originality of expression that was reached only after a process of selective assimilation and creative transformation of tradition had been fulfilled - but not until any "anxiety of influences" had been abandoned. It has been shown that Ljubica Marić, like other artists needed to be ready to be influenced, in order to absorb such influences in a creative way.

  18. Reduction of radiation dose by using digital luminescence radiography compared to conventional screen film system with grid cassette; Reduktion der Strahlendosis mittels Speicherfolienradiographie im Vergleich zum konventionellen Film-Folien-System mit Rasterkassette am Schaedelphantom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heyne, J.P.; Merbold, H.; Neumann, R.; Freesmeyer, M.; Jonetz-Mentzel, L.; Kaiser, W.A. [Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie (Germany); Sehner, J. [AGFA-Deutschland, Vertriebsgesellschaft (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    Purpose: How much can the radiation dose be reduced for skull radiography by using digital luminescence radiography (DLR) compared to a conventional screen film system with a grid cassette? Methods and Materials: A skull phantom (3M) was X-rayed in anterior-posterior orientation using both a conventional screen film system with grid cassette and DLR (ADC-70, Agfa). The tube current time product (mAs) was diminished gradually while keeping the voltage constant. The surface entrance dose was measured by a sensor of Dosimax (Wellhoefer). Five investigators evaluated the images by characteristic and critical features, spatial resolution and contrast. Results: The surface entrance dose at 73 kV/22 mAs was 0,432 mGy in conventional screen film system and 0,435 mGy in DLR. The images could be evaluated very well down to an average dose of 71% (0,308 mGy; SD 0,050); sufficient images were obtained down to an average dose of 31% (0,136 mGy; SD 0,065). The resolution of the line pairs were reduced down to a 2 levels depending on the investigator. Contrast was assessed as being very good to sufficient. The acceptance of the postprocessed images (MUSICA-software) was individually different and resultde in an improvement of the assessment of bone structures an contrast in higher dose ranges only. Conclusion: For the sufficient assessment of a possible fracture/of paranasal sinuses/of measurement the skull the dose can be reduced to at least 56% (31%; SD 14,9%)/40% (27%; SD 9,3%)/18% (14%; SD 4,4%). Digital radiography allows question-referred exposure parameters with clearly reduced dose, so e.g. for fracture exclusion 73 kV/12,5 mAs and to skull measurement 73 kV/4 mAs. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel: Wie weit kann unter Einsatz der rasterlosen Speicherfolienradiographie bei einer Schaedelaufnahme die Strahlendosis im Vergleich zum Film-Folien-System (FFS) mit Rasterkassette (RK) fragestellungsbezogen gesenkt werden? Material und Methode: Ein Schaedelphantom (3M) wurde konventionell

  19. The retrospective analysis and application of the bedside CR's display window%床旁CR显示窗应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史卓; 宋俊峰; 张腾飞; 邢古生; 李蒙; 薛梅; 赵心明

    2012-01-01

    & window level for showing the digital images and so to get the qual ity assurance of the postoperative beside chest images. Methods: We used the Musica postprocessing software from GE Med ical System. Three attending doctors from different diagnosis groups (chest,abdomen,breast) analyzed the image cases on work station's display screen, and wrote down the optimum window width & window level which they considered could show different lesions. Then we made a statistical analysis of all the obtained data and found out the best diagnostic window width & window level to show various kinds of chest lesions after surgery. Results: Observing superimposed digital images of various structures,we found there were generally accepted reference ranges of window width & window level. The three attending doctors varied in defining the best window width & window level of showing various lesions. By the frequency a nalysis of SPSS 13. 0,we deduced a series of bedside CR's window values used in different age,sex,size,disease and recog nized by most physicians. The values for window width:hydropneumothorax (1. 040~1. 219) ,pneumoperitoneum (0. 930~ 1. 182) ,aerothorax (0. 668~1. 025) ,fracture (0. 954~1. 168) ,pneumoderm (0. 969~1. 411) ,pleural effusion (0. 988~ 1. 516) ,pneumonia (1. 152~1. 322) ,and the value for window level: hydropneumothorax (1. 278~1. 553) , pneumoperito neum (1. 131~1. 520) ,aerothorax (1. 574~1. 894) .fracture (1. 377~1. 661) ,pneumoderm (1. 263~1. 645) ,pleural effu sion (1. 212~1. 546) ,pneumonia (1. 300~1. 678). Conclusions:The different window widths & window levels can display the different levels of areas of interest,and provide better diagnostic information. If more people participate in the evaluation process,a series of generalized window widths & window levels can be obtained. Digital pictures with generally accepted window width & window level are beneficial for technicians to set the film's parameters of laser printing

  20. Digital Detectors: Computed Radiography (CR for All Radiologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans Dhaenens

    2007-08-01

    "scintillator" or phosphor, known from screens and image amplifiers. There are 2 groups of DR: the first group is amorphous selenium + TFT pixel backplane and the second is a scintillator + TFT pixel backplane. The first directly converts x-ray into charge (2 steps and the latter first converts x-rays into light and light into charge in a photodiode in each pixel. "nOf course the DR technology is complex and difficult to manufacture in the large formats needed in radiology (14"x17" and explains the high price/unit (>200 k$."nDR can only be justified in a limited number of situations: high throughput (like chest, high labor-cost and lack of radiographers, radiation-dose regulations."nThe technical nature of DR is very sensitive to environmental conditions like vibrations (mobile applications and temperature (Selenium has to be air-conditioned and the portable models are still bulky and costly to put under the bed patients. However, in the future DR prices are expected to come down"n- There are numerous combined systems: lens or fiber coupled CCD systems guiding the x-ray image into a small (and cheap CCD with a bad image quality."nSlit/slot methods moving a small bundle of x-rays and a line-detector over the patient during several seconds exhausting the tube and the patient...."nThere is no perfect system: most have some advantages and some drawbacks and all of them are compromises between quality and price. "nConclusion: Today CR based on powder phosphors is still the best solution in a starter situation where cost and a broad range of ap-plications are important, because it replaces all types of film-screen cassettes by 1 CR cassette, without changes to the x-ray modality and the workflow. Immediately it allows lower doses and a decrease in repeat rates to <1% at a high image quality (with multi-frequency image processing like Agfa Musica."nCR readers are offered in a wide range of sophistication and prices matching most of the needs and budgets of radiology practices