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Sample records for sanwal vigyan singhal

  1. Constraints Encountered by the Beneficiaries of Krishi Vigyan Kendra in North Eastern Region of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipak Nath

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted among 200 farmers of ten purposively selected Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs in North Eastern region of India. The respondents were interviewed using a questionnaire for identifying the constraints and their suggestions for future improvement of KVK activities. The study revealed that unavailability of labour, unavailability of good quality seed and other inputs, unavailability of information about pest and disease management at right time,(inability to purchase modern agricultural implements and lack of capital were the major constraints. The respondents suggested that timely availability of seed and other inputs, regular and continuous monitoring, linking farmers to financial institutuions for financial support, and more long term practical oriented training programme are important for strengthening KVK activities.

  2. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women through vocational trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabasum Nazir

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women in Kashmir valley in the year 2010-12. A sample of 400 rural women out of 800 covered under different vocational training courses of Kvks was selected by random sampling method for data collection. A structured interview schedule was prepared and was pretested on 10 percent of the respondents before final use. The study revealed that majority of the respondents (46.75% became independent, (30.5% respondents had reduced their dependency and a small number of respondents (22.75% did not feel any change in their dependency. The findings revealed that majority of the, respondents developed their leadership qualities, can make self assessment, got economic freedom, developed their psychological confidence and became able to take decisions. Thus vocational trainings given through kvks plays a positive role for the empowerment of rural women who have undergone through trainings and adopted the recommendations of the given practices. The findings of the study also revealed that majority of the women respondents had increased their psychological confidence and decreased their sub-ordination and cent percent of the women respondents agreed that vocational trainings given by Krihi Vigyan Kenderas provided an opportunity for women to enhance their economy and improve the socio economic status of rural women. More than half of the respondents revealed that they earn profit by adopting these skills and have increased their income and became socially, economically and psychologically empowered. The training of cutting and tailoring, knitting, fruit and vegetable preservation and tilla work has increased the economic status of trainees and also of their families. The positive change in their living status was also visible. Hence training programmes organized by KVKs especially for rural women for their empowerment plays a positive role.

  3. Efficient CSL Model Checking Using Stratification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Lijun; Jansen, David N.; Nielson, Flemming;

    2012-01-01

    For continuous-time Markov chains, the model-checking problem with respect to continuous-time stochastic logic (CSL) has been introduced and shown to be decidable by Aziz, Sanwal, Singhal and Brayton in 1996 [ 1, 2]. Their proof can be turned into an approximation algorithm with worse than expone...

  4. Automata-Based CSL Model Checking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Lijun; Jansen, David N.; Nielson, Flemming;

    2011-01-01

    For continuous-time Markov chains, the model-checking problem with respect to continuous-time stochastic logic (CSL) has been introduced and shown to be decidable by Aziz, Sanwal, Singhal and Brayton in 1996. The presented decision procedure, however, has exponential complexity. In this paper, we...

  5. ANALYSIS OF AGRO-ECOLOGICAL SITUATION FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEMS BY PRA TECHNIQUES IN ADAPTIVE VILLAGE OF KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA UNDER NEW ALLUVIA ZONE OF MURSHIDABAD DISTRICT OF WEST BENGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishake Naskar

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Agro Ecosystem analysis using the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA techniques of an adaptive village (Jainpur of New Alluvial Zone of Murshidabad-Jiaganj block in Murshidabad district, West Bengal revealed that the village basically has rice and jute based farming system. The cropping intensity of the village is 233%. Out of 363 household 80% is engaged in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and other allied activities. The land availability per household is 0.40 ha. The villagers are mostly scheduled caste. By snow ball technique major problems were identified .On the basis of bio-physical and socio-economic problems, thrust area were selected. Area specific On Farm Trials (OFT in farmers' were conducted on some researchable issues. Front Line Demonstration (FLD, training programme, health camp, awareness camp and other different extension activities were arranged to mitigate the problems.

  6. सागर तल की प्राचीन घटनाओं के अभिलेख में वैश्विक उष्णता

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Banakar, V.K.; Govardhan, L.

    stream_size 3 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Vigyan_Pragati_61_31p.pdf.txt stream_source_info Vigyan_Pragati_61_31p.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  7. Multibeam echosounders and its importance

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tomer, A; Jauhari, P

    stream_size 4 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Vigyan_Pragati_(Hindi)_55_28.pdf.txt stream_source_info Vigyan_Pragati_(Hindi)_55_28.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  8. Development and implementation of cellular-based real-time reporting and internet accessible coastal sea-level gauge - A vital tool for monitoring storm surge and tsunami

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Desai, R.G.P.; Joseph, A.

    stream_size 2 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Vigyan_Pragati_55_20.pdf.txt stream_source_info Vigyan_Pragati_55_20.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  9. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 446 ... Vol 8, No 4 (2016), Generalized model for predicting methane conversion to syngas in membrane reactor, Abstract PDF ... P.K. Singhal, R Naresh, V Sharma, G.K. Nadakuditi ... Somticha Panich, Jai Govind Singh.

  10. Genetic variability in Asparagus racemosus (Willd.) from Madhya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-07-20

    Jul 20, 2009 ... African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. ... 1Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology, M.P. Council of Science and Technology Vigyan Bhawan, Nehru Nagar, ... most common uses of the technique for scientific and .... RAPD data analysis and scoring .... polymorphic DNA variation among remnant big bluestem.

  11. The Influence of Stoichiometry and Flame-Holder Shape on Flame Dynamics and Acoustics (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    2915- 2923. Ingard , U., and Singhal, V., 1973, “Upstream and Downstream Sound Radiation into a Moving Flow,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of...America 45(4), 1343-1346. Ingard , U., and Singhal, V., 1973, “Emissions of Higher-Order Acoustic Modes into a Moving Fluid in a Duct,” Journal of the...Dynamics of Bluff Body Stabilized Premixed Reacting Flows,” AIAA Paper 2003-0835. Morse P., and Ingard , U., 1968, Theoretical Acoustics, McGraw Hill, NY

  12. 77 FR 24497 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... HIV infection Passive protection to prevent mother-to-infant HIV transmission Topical microbicide to... of HIV infected cells that are actively producing virus Competitive Advantages: ] One of the most... ovary cells. J Biol Chem. 1995 Jul 7;270(27):16402-8. 2. Singhal R, et al. DNA polymerase beta conducts...

  13. 2-Methoxyestradiol as a Chemotherapeutic for Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    hypotonic citrate method, Methods Cell Biol. 33 (1990) 121–125. [23] N.S. Gray, L. Wodicka, A.M. Thunnissen, T.C. Norman, S. Kwon, F.H. Espinoza , et...plasmid; and Ricardo Parrondo for technical assistance. References 1. Singhal S, Vachani A, Antin-Ozerkis D, Kaiser LR, Albelda SM. Prognostic

  14. The Budget and Economic Outlook: 2017 to 2027

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    risky assets to be higher than its 1990–2007 average. That relatively higher demand for Treasury securities implies higher prices and therefore...from capital , increasing returns on capital assets with which Treasury securities compete.56 In addition to considering those factors, CBO relies... modeling Joshua Shakin Individual income taxes Naveen Singhal Capital gains realizations, tax modeling Spending Projections The spending projections

  15. Real Time Motion Detection Based on the Spatio-Temporal Median Filter using GPU Integral Histograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    on hierarchical event detection for soccer video indexing,” J. Multimedia, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 298–312, October 2009. [15] M. H. Kolekar, K. Palaniappan... Springer , 2009, pp. 320–332. [27] S. Mehta, A. Misra, A. Singhal, P. Kumar, A. Mittal, and K. Palaniappan, “Parallel implementation of video surveillance

  16. Training Program in the Molecular Basis of Breast Cancer Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-01

    pig/gram body weight) Gowen, L.C., B.L. Johnson, A.M. Latour , K. Sulik, and B.H. Kol- (Sigma) was injected intraperitoneally into pregnant females. ler...Laboratory Press. Cold Spring Harbor, New York. 33. Sobol, R. W., J. K. Horton, R. Kuhn , H. Gu, R. K. Singhal, R. Prasad, K. Rajewsky and S. H. Wilson. 1996

  17. Risk-Based Aviation Security: Diffusion and Acceptance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    passengers, including pregnant women , children, and people with medical implants. 18 1. Millimeter Wave Millimeter wave technology bounces...its practical importance and applicability to a wide range of fields including communications, marketing, and political science (Singhal & Quinlan...terrorists posing as pilots (Hilkevitch, 2011). The article did not clearly articulate how a terrorist would overcome the multiple layers of

  18. InFlight Weather Forecasts at Your Fingertips

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    A new information system is delivering real-time weather reports to pilots where they need it the most - inside their aircraft cockpits. Codeveloped by NASA and ViGYAN, Inc., the WSI InFlight(trademark) Cockpit Weather System provides a continuous, satellite-based broadcast of weather information to a portable or panel-mounted display inside the cockpit. With complete coverage and content for the continental United States at any altitude, the system is specifically designed for inflight use.

  19. A Note on the Discovery of Absorption Features in 1E 1207.4-5209

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐仁新; 王洪光; 乔国俊

    2003-01-01

    Sanwal et al. [Astrophys. J. 574 (2002) L61] supposed that it is very difficult to interpret the absorption features in terms of cyclotron lines. However, we would like to address here that the possibility of the absorption being cyclotron resonance cannot be ruled out. We propose that the isolate neutron star, 1E 1207.4-5209 in the centre of supernova remnant PKS 1209-51/52, has a debris disc and is in a propeller phase, with an accretion rate ~ 6 × 10-11M⊙/year. In this scenario, 1E 1207.4-5209 could also be a bare strange star.

  20. Molecular Effects of 13C/DIM in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    2004). 74. Banerjee M, Tripathi LM, Srivastava VM, Puri A, Shukla R. Immunophar- macol. Immunotoxicol. 213 (2003). 75. Ramirez-Tortosa MC, Mesa MD...Singhal SS, Chaubey M, Awasthi YC. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 761 (1996). 80. Shukla PK, Khanna VK, Khan MY, Srimal RC. Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 653 (2003). 81. Chuang...Varilek GW. Mol. Pharmacol. 528 (2001). 94. Hastak K, Gupta S, Ahmad N, Agarwal MK , Agarwal ML, Mukhtar H. Oncogene 4851 (2003). 95. Kim HS, Kim MH

  1. Rapidly Retargetable Interactive Translingual Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    vocabulary beyond that which was available af- ter term-by-term translation. This is analogous to the process that Singhal et al. applied to monolingual ...Language Evaluation Forum’s (CLEF) multilingual task. We used the English language forms of the queries to retrieve English, French, German, and...tracking task was multilingual , search- ing stories in both English and Mandarin Chinese, and multi-modal, involving both newswire text and broadcast

  2. Validation of Rational Deterrence Theory: Analysis of U.S. Government and Adversary Risk Propensity and Relative Emphasis on Gain or Loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    reinforced by Singhal and Nagao (1993): Japanese culture exhibits collectivism and is influenced by Confucian ethics to wit: respect for authority...unsc_resolutions06.htm Vitel, S., Nwachukwu, S., & Barnes, J. (1993). The effects of culture on ethical decision making an application of Hofstede’s...typology. Journal of Business Ethics , 12, 753–760. Westad, O. (2000). Reviewing the cold war: approaches, interpretations, and theory. Portland, OR

  3. BRMS1 Suppresses Breast Cancer Metastasis to Bone via Its Regulation of MicroRNA-125b and Downstream Attenuation of TNF-alpha and HER2 Signaling Pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Tang CK, Kurosumi M, Yamamoto S, et al. (1999) Isolation and characterization of a new human breast cancer cell line, KPL-4, expressing the Erb B...functional, heterotrimeric complexes by co-expression of subunits in Escherichia coli . Protein Expr Purif 30: 230-237. 7. Hardie DG, Alessi DR (2013) LKB1...Lelsani PC, Awasthi S, Singhal SS. The sensors and regulators of cell-matrix surveil- lance in anoikis resistance of tumors. Int J Cancer 2011;128: 743

  4. A brief overview of NASA Langley's research program in formal methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    An overview of NASA Langley's research program in formal methods is presented. The major goal of this work is to bring formal methods technology to a sufficiently mature level for use by the United States aerospace industry. Towards this goal, work is underway to design and formally verify a fault-tolerant computing platform suitable for advanced flight control applications. Also, several direct technology transfer efforts have been initiated that apply formal methods to critical subsystems of real aerospace computer systems. The research team consists of six NASA civil servants and contractors from Boeing Military Aircraft Company, Computational Logic Inc., Odyssey Research Associates, SRI International, University of California at Davis, and Vigyan Inc.

  5. NASA Langley Research and Technology-Transfer Program in Formal Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Ricky W.; Caldwell, James L.; Carreno, Victor A.; Holloway, C. Michael; Miner, Paul S.; DiVito, Ben L.

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of NASA Langley research program in formal methods. The major goals of this work are to make formal methods practical for use on life critical systems, and to orchestrate the transfer of this technology to U.S. industry through use of carefully designed demonstration projects. Several direct technology transfer efforts have been initiated that apply formal methods to critical subsystems of real aerospace computer systems. The research team consists of five NASA civil servants and contractors from Odyssey Research Associates, SRI International, and VIGYAN Inc.

  6. What Are the Compact Central Objects in Supernova Remnants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graber, James

    2002-04-01

    Recent Chandra observations of the compact central objects in supernova remnants have shown puzzling results that do not seem to be consistent with either black holes or neutron stars. (See e.g. Pavlov, Sanwal, Garmire and Zavlin, astro-ph-0112322.) In particular, the inferred effective emitting surface is too small to be the entire surface of a neutron star, but too bright to be a black hole. We discuss the possibility that these compact objects might be red holes instead of black holes or neutron stars. Red holes, which occur in alternate theories of gravity, naturally predict both the greater brightness of the emissions and the smaller effective size of the emitting surface from a collapsed object of the appropriate mass.

  7. Protein Degradation in a TX-TL Cell-free Expression System Using ClpXP Protease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-14

    1! Protein degradation in a TX-TL cell-free expression system using ClpXP protease AUTHORS: Zachary Z. Sun1, Jongmin Kim1, Vipul Singhal2...COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Protein Degradation in a TX-TL Cell-free Expression System Using ClpXP Protease 5a...equipment and expertise or demand lower reaction throughput. We explored the possibility of supplementing TX-TL with ClpXP, an AAA+ protease

  8. Propagation of acoustic perturbations in a gas flow with dissipation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavershinskii, I. P.; Molevich, N. E.

    1992-10-01

    In an earlier study (Ingard and Singhal, 1973), it has been found that, in a nondissipating moving medium, an acoustic wave propagating from a source in the flow direction has a smaller amplitude than a wave moving against the flow. Here, it is demonstrated that consideration of dissipation phenomena, which are related to the shear and bulk viscosities and heat conductivity of a medium, leads to an additional anisotropy of the sound amplitude, whose sign is opposite to that obtained in the above mentioned study.

  9. Studies in Wave-Material Interaction and Design of Composite Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-10

    d q exp(iq-r)a(q), (4a) I. PRELIMINARIES a(q) = d’r exp( - iqkr)a(r), (4b) As per Morse and Ingard ," in a fluid moving with a veloityv, he aousic...and the downstream velocities of z-directed plane amenable to interpretation for time-dependent problems. In waves derived by Ingard and Singhal for...McGraw-Hill, New York. our colleague, Professor S. I. Hayek of Penn State. 1983), Chaps. 8 and I I. "P. M. Morse and L U. Ingard

  10. Metallophthalocyanine based carbon paste electrodes for the determination of 2’,3’-Dideoxyinosine

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ozoemena, KI

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Gowan, Antiviral Res. 1990, 14, 125. [3] G. D. Morse, M. J. Shelton, A. M. O�Donnell, Clin. Pharma- col. 1993, 24 101. [4] P. Singhal, W. W. Kuhr, Anal. Chem. 1997, 67, 3552. [5] C. A. Knupp, F. A. Stancato, E. A. Papp, R. H. Barbhaiya, J. Chromatogr. Biomed.... Appl. 1990, 98, 282. [6] H. Nagaoka, H. Nohta, M. Saito, Y. Ohkura, Chem. Pharm. Bull. 1992, 40, 2202. [7] D. Lowe-Walters, D. L. Jacobs, J. E. Tomaszewski, S. Graves, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 1999, 19, 955. [8] N. L. Rezk, R. R. Tidwell, A. D...

  11. Using direct current resistivity sounding and geostatistics to aid in hydrogeological studies in the Choshuichi alluvial fan, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chieh-Hou; Lee, Wei-Feng

    2002-01-01

    Ground water reservoirs in the Choshuichi alluvial fan, central western Taiwan, were investigated using direct-current (DC) resistivity soundings at 190 locations, combined with hydrogeological measurements from 37 wells. In addition, attempts were made to calculate aquifer transmissivity from both surface DC resistivity measurements and geostatistically derived predictions of aquifer properties. DC resistivity sounding data are highly correlated to the hydraulic parameters in the Choshuichi alluvial fan. By estimating the spatial distribution of hydraulic conductivity from the kriged well data and the cokriged thickness of the correlative aquifer from both resistivity sounding data and well information, the transmissivity of the aquifer at each location can be obtained from the product of kriged hydraulic conductivity and computed thickness of the geoelectric layer. Thus, the spatial variation of the transmissivities in the study area is obtained. Our work is more comparable to Ahmed et al. (1988) than to the work of Niwas and Singhal (1981). The first "constraint" from Niwas and Singhal's work is a result of their use of linear regression. The geostatistical approach taken here (and by Ahmed et al. [1988]) is a natural improvement on the linear regression approach.

  12. The place of thalidomide in the treatment of multiple myeloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Corso

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Thalidomide represents the first attempt in multiple myeloma (MM patients to overcome resistance to chemotherapy through a biological agent. The exciting results reported in the first study by Singhal et al. in 1999 [1] led to several other studies which aimed to evaluate its efficacy in different settings and disease phases, to define its toxicity, and to establish the optimal dose. Some of these questions have already been answered while others, such as the best dosage or the best schedule to obtain the highest efficacy with the lowest toxicity, still remain. Thalidomide has been studied as a single agent or in association with other drugs (dexamethasone, chemotherapy and new drugs showing a synergic activity. We review the results of the main studies on the efficacy and toxicity of thalidomide used as a single agent or in association with other drugs, reflect on its present role, and consider its future contribution to the treatment of MM.

  13. Mathematical Modelling of Fluid Flow in Cone and Cavitation Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milada KOZUBKOVÁ

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Problem of cavitation is the undesirable phenomena occuring in the fluid flow in many hydraulic application (pumps, turbines, valves, etc.. Therefore this is in the focus of interest using experimental and mathematical methods. Based on cavitation modelling in Laval nozzle results and experience [1], [2], [4], following problem described as the water flow at the outlet from turbine blade wheel was solved. Primarily the problem is simplified into modelling of water flow in cone. Profiles of axial, radial and tangential velocity are defined on inlet zone. The value of pressure is defined on the outlet. Boundary conditions were defined by main investigator of the grant project – Energy Institute, Victor Kaplan’s Department of Fluid Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology. The value of air volume was insignificant. Cavitation was solved by Singhal model of cavitation.

  14. An advanced CFD model to study the effect of non-condensable gas on cavitation in positive displacement pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannetti, Aldo; Stickland, Matthew T.; Dempster, William M.

    2015-09-01

    An advanced transient CFD model of a positive displacement reciprocating pump was created to study its behavior and performance in cavitating condition during the inlet stroke. The "full" cavitation model developed by Singhal et al. was utilized, and a sensitivity analysis test on two air mass fraction amounts (1.5 and 15 parts per million) was carried out to study the influence of the dissolved air content in water on the cavitation phenomenon. The model was equipped with user defined functions to introduce the liquid compressibility, which stabilizes the simulation, and to handle the two-way coupling between the pressure field and the inlet valve lift history. Estimation of the performance is also presented in both cases.

  15. An advanced CFD model to study the effect of non-condensable gas on cavitation in positive displacement pumps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iannetti Aldo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available An advanced transient CFD model of a positive displacement reciprocating pump was created to study its behavior and performance in cavitating condition during the inlet stroke. The “full” cavitation model developed by Singhal et al. was utilized, and a sensitivity analysis test on two air mass fraction amounts (1.5 and 15 parts per million was carried out to study the influence of the dissolved air content in water on the cavitation phenomenon. The model was equipped with user defined functions to introduce the liquid compressibility, which stabilizes the simulation, and to handle the two-way coupling between the pressure field and the inlet valve lift history. Estimation of the performance is also presented in both cases.

  16. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Low Mass X-ray Binaries : Accretion Disk Contamination and Compact Object Mass Determination in V404 Cyg and Cen X-4

    CERN Document Server

    Khargharia, Juthika; Robinson, Edward L

    2010-01-01

    We present near-infrared (NIR) broadband (0.80--2.42 $\\mu$m) spectroscopy of two low mass X-ray binaries: V404 Cyg and Cen X-4. One important parameter required in the determination of the mass of the compact objects in these systems is the binary inclination. We can determine the inclination by modeling the ellipsoidal modulations of the Roche-lobe filling donor star, but the contamination of the donor star light from other components of the binary, particularly the accretion disk, must be taken into account. To this end, we determined the donor star contribution to the infrared flux by comparing the spectra of V404 Cyg and Cen X-4 to those of various field K-stars of known spectral type. For V404 Cyg, we determined that the donor star has a spectral type of K3 III. We determined the fractional donor contribution to the NIR flux in the H- and K-bands as $0.98 \\pm .05$ and $0.97 \\pm .09$, respectively. We remodeled the H-band light curve from \\citet{sanwal1996} after correcting for the donor star contribution...

  17. Centro de conferencias en Nueva Delhi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarwal, S.

    1963-12-01

    Full Text Available Vigyan Bhavan, in New Delhi, is a centre specially built to hold in it national and international meetings and congresses. The north, east and west faces of the building follow closely the traditional local Indian style. The main frontage, to the south, has a simple but fine Buddhist arch in green marble and wide steps leading to it in white marble. This centre consists of three distinct, but well integrated, buildings. The main facilities of this project are: an auditorium with seating accommodation for 706 delegates, a public gallery, and two meeting rooms for 20 people each, on the first floor. A separate section houses 5 committee rooms, two rooms for other group meetings, and a cafeteria, on the lower floor. The offices and other administrative services have been placed in the east wing, which is three storeys high, and is separated from the rest of the centre by a paved patio. The peculiar beauty of this project and the surrounding landscape's picturesque charm induce a sense of relaxation that is indeed conducive to the better success of international meetings.El Vigyan Bhavan, de Nueva Delhi, constituye un Centro especialmente construido para la celebración de conferencias nacionales e internacionales. Sus alzados norte, este y oeste fueron concebidos siguiendo el estilo tradicional indio, y muestran interesantes efectos de claro-oscuro. La fachada principal —sur— presenta un sencillo pero distinguido arco budista en mármol verde, y una escalinata realizada con mármol blanco. Este conjunto está constituido por tres cuerpos diferenciados, pero conectado con fáciles comunicaciones. Como dependencias importantes del Centro figuran: un auditorio con capacidad para 706 delegados sentados, una galería para el público y dos salas de reunión para 20 personas en el primer piso. El cuerpo posterior del edificio, aislado del auditorio por un patio, contiene cinco salas de juntas y dos salas para comisiones; en la planta baja hay una

  18. Multi-targeted approach to cancer treatment: an international translational cancer research symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Kapil; Gandhi, Varsha; Pathak, Sen; Aggarwal, Bharat B; Grover, Rajesh K

    2014-11-01

    Whether it is chronic myeloid leukemia, ALK-expressing malignancies, or HER2-positive breast cancer, targeted-therapies for treatment of human cancers have shown great promise. However, as they hit a single molecule expressed in neoplastic cells, their use is frequently associated with development of resistance. In cancer cells many signaling pathways operate in parallel, hence the idea of multi-targeted therapy is prevailing. The Society of Translational Cancer Research held its biennial meeting in the capital city of India, Delhi from February 6th through 9th, 2014 to discuss 'Multi-targeted Approach to Treatment of Cancer'. Over 200 scientists, clinicians, trainees, and industry representatives from different countries gathered in Vigyan Bhavan, the hotspot of Delhi for four days to talk and discuss on a variety of topics related to multi-targeted therapeutic approaches. Talks were presented by leaders in the cancer research field from various countries. It became clear from this conference that coupling multiple targeted-agents or using an agent that hits an individual target in several independent locations in the disease-causing pathway(s) may be the best approach to treat different cancers.

  19. Cockpit weather graphics using mobile satellite communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seth, Shashi

    Many new companies are pushing state-of-the-art technology to bring a revolution in the cockpits of General Aviation (GA) aircraft. The vision, according to Dr. Bruce Holmes - the Assistant Director for Aeronautics at National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Langley Research Center, is to provide such an advanced flight control system that the motor and cognitive skills you use to drive a car would be very similar to the ones you would use to fly an airplane. We at ViGYAN, Inc., are currently developing a system called the Pilot Weather Advisor (PWxA), which would be a part of such an advanced technology flight management system. The PWxA provides graphical depictions of weather information in the cockpit of aircraft in near real-time, through the use of broadcast satellite communications. The purpose of this system is to improve the safety and utility of GA aircraft operations. Considerable effort is being extended for research in the design of graphical weather systems, notably the works of Scanlon and Dash. The concept of providing pilots with graphical depictions of weather conditions, overlaid on geographical and navigational maps, is extremely powerful.

  20. Application of the Exergy UCG technology in international UCG projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blinderman, M. S.

    2017-07-01

    Underground Coal Gasification is a subject of continuing global interest in the energy sector. While the international scenario in UCG is promising, it is deeply desirable that advances in this area are seen in India as well. This is particularly so with the Paris Climate Agreement bringing in more stringent challenges for clean energy development. India has many potential coal basins which may be suitable for UCG deployment. India is in dire need of indigenous source of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons that could compete with imported products. It is also the country with exceptionally large and diverse coal and lignite resources, large part of which could not be mined due to geological complexity and prohibitive cost. Thus, there is a rationale that the εUCG™ technology plays a decisive role in realizing the potential of Indian coal resources for the benefit of Indian industry and population. This article has been adapted by Dr. Ajay K. Singh from a lecture delivered at the “Workshop on Challenges and Opportunities of Underground Coal Gasification”, Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 14 February 2017.

  1. International convention on World Homoeopathy Day: Integrating Homoeopathy in health care delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Khurana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available An International Convention on World Homoeopathy Day was held to commemorate the 261 st birth anniversary of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann on 9 th -10 th April 2016, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India. The theme of the Convention was "Integrating Homoeopathy in Healthcare" for achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC as advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO. The Convention made for an ideal platform for extensive deliberations on the existing global scenario of Homoeopathy, with particular reference to India, strategy building and formulation of national policies for worldwide promotion, safety, quality, and effectiveness of medicines, evolving standards of education, international cooperation, and evidence-based practice of Homoeopathy. Organized jointly by Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH, an autonomous research organization of Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, and Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis (LMHI, the Convention witnessed presentations of more than 100 papers during 21 technical sessions held in parallel in four halls, each named after homoeopathic stalwarts, viz., Hahnemann, Boenninghansen, Hering, and Kent.

  2. Study of the influence of water wave on the unstable cavitating flow of a hydrofoil%波浪对水翼非稳态空泡流动特性的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程闻; 鲁传敬; 曹嘉怡

    2011-01-01

    基于雷诺平均Navier-Stokes方程、Singhal-Et-Al全空化模型和修正的RNG k-ε湍流模型的VOF多相流动数学模型,采用PISO算法的有限体积法和数值水池技术,对波浪作用下NACA0012水翼的非稳态空泡流动特性进行了数值研究,分析了波高和水翼浸深对水翼非稳态空泡的形态演化和脱落频率的影响.计算结果表明:空泡非稳态周期性脱落频率随波高的增加而增加,随水翼浸深的增加而逐渐减小.与无波情况相比,空泡在波谷处提前断裂,空泡形态也因为波谷下方速度场的影响而向上鼓起.由于自由液面的界面效应,空泡形态较无界情况偏扁,并且液面对脱落涡系有吸引作用.%The VOF multiphase flow model is established based on the RANS equations, the Singhal-Et-Al full cavitation model and the modified RNG k-e turbulence model. The numerical simulations are conducted by using PISO algorithm of FVM and numerical wave tank to study the influence of water wave on the unstable cavitating flow of a NACA0012 hydrofoil. The effects of wave height and hydrofoil depth on the evolution of cavity configuration and the shedding frequency of the unstable cavitation of hydrofoil are analyzed. The present results show that the cavitation shedding frequency increases with the increase of wave height, but decreases with the increase of the hydrofoil depth. Comparing to the flow cases without wave, the cavity tends to break in wave trough and fall off early and the cavity configuration is gibbous which is caused by the velocity field under the wave trough. Due to the free surface effects, the cavity shape is a little flatter and the shedding vortexes are attracted by the water surface.

  3. NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF CAVITATION FLOW UNDER HIGH PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Wei-guo; ZHANG Ling-xin; SHAO Xue-ming

    2011-01-01

    The numerical simulation of cavitation flow on a 2D NACA0015 hydrofoil under high pressure and temperature is performed. The Singhal's cavitation model is adopted combined with an improved RNG k-ε turbulence model to study the cavitation flow. The thermal effect in the cavitation flow is taken into account by introducing the energy equation with a source term based on the latent heat transfer. The code is validated by a case of a hydrofoil under two different temperatures in a comparison between the simulation and the experiment. Computational results show that the latent heat of vaporization has a significant impact on the cavitation process in the high temperature state, and the cavity in the high temperature state is thinner and shorter than that in a normal state with the same cavitation number, due to the fact that the heat absorption in the cavitation area reduces the local temperature and the saturated vapor pressure. This numerical study provides some guidance for the design of machineries in the High Pressure and Temperature (HPT) state.

  4. Assessment of HER2 testing patterns, HER2+ disease, and the utilization of HER2-directed therapy in early breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stenehjem DD

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available David D Stenehjem,1,2 Minkyoung Yoo,1 Sudhir K Unni,1 Mukul Singhal,1 Hillevi Bauer,1 Kim Saverno,1 Cheng Quah,3 Anthony Masaquel,3 Diana I Brixner1,41Pharmacotherapy Outcomes Research Center (PORC, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 2Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 3Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA; 4Program in Personalized Health Care, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USAContext: Determining human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2 status is critical for the management of early-stage breast cancer (ESBC. An understanding of HER2 testing practices can provide insight into how test results influence the use of HER2-directed therapy.Objective: To assess HER2 testing, HER2+ disease, and HER2-directed therapy in ESBC at the Huntsman Cancer Institute before and after the 2007 American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologist (ASCO/CAP guidelines on HER2 testing were published.Methods: Patients were identified from an institutional tumor registry. HER2 testing patterns and results were examined using a chart review of pathology and clinical notes. Patient characteristics, HER2+ rate, and trastuzumab use were evaluated descriptively. Discordance rate with reflex testing (immunohistochemistry [IHC]2+ retested by fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] was also evaluated.Results: A total of 1,459 women were included (mean age: 57 years. The rate of HER2+ disease was 17% (number [N] =245. The discordance rate between IHC2+ and FISH was 10%. After the 2007 ASCO/CAP guidelines, fewer tumors were classified as IHC3+ (16% post- versus 21.9% pre-2007, more tumors were characterized as IHC2+ (26.4% post- versus 20.7% pre-2007, and the overall HER2+ rate was decreased (18.7% versus 21.9%, but this was not statistically significant (P=0.519. Most patients with HER2+ ESBC received HER2-targeted therapy (N=185.Conclusion: The HER2+ rate was 17% and within the

  5. The Acrocallosal Syndrome in A Neonate With Further Widening of Phenotypic Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravish SINGHAL*

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Singhal R, Pandit S, Saini A, Singh P, Dhawan N. The Acrocallosal Syndrome in A Neonate With Further Widening of Phenotypic Expression. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Spring;8(2:60-64. The presentation of the typical characteristics of the acrocallosal syndrome (ACLS are hypoplasia/agenesis of corpus callosum, moderate to severe mental retardation, characteristic craniofacial abnormalities, distinctive digitalmalformation, and growth retardation in a neonate.An Indian neonate presented on day 1 of life (youngest in the literature to be reported with combination of abnormalities consistent with the acrocallosal syndrome and some additional findings. The baby, born to non-consanguineous, healthy parents, presented with macrocephaly, prominent forehead, hypertelorism, polydactyly of the hands and feet, duplication of hallux, hypotonia, recurrent cyanotic episodes, rib anomalies, dextro-positioning of heart, and delayed fallof umbilical cord.As the mode of inheritance of ACLS is autosomal recessive, the risk of recurrence is 25%. Genetic counselling is of prime importance, Polydactyly, and central nervous system malformations can be detected by ultrasonography in the second trimester, but due to variability of presentation, prenatal diagnosis may not always be possible.References1. Schinzel A. Postaxial polydactyly, hallux duplication, absence of corpus callosum, macencephaly and severemental retardation: a new syndrome? Helv Paediatr Acta 1979:34:141-146.2. Schinzel A. The acrocallosal syndrome: expansion of the phenotypic spectrum. Clin Dysmorphol 1994;3:31-34.3. Schinzel A, Schmid W. Hallux duplication, postaxial Polydactyly, absence of corpus callosum, severe mental retardation and additional anomalies in two unrelated patients: a new syndrome. Am J Med Genet 1980;6:241-249.4. Moeschler JB, Pober BR, Holmes LB, Graham JM Jr. Acrocallosal syndrome: new findings. Am J Med Genet 1989;32:195-199.5. Schinzel A

  6. Astronomers Use X-Rays To Probe Gravitational Field Of A Neutron Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-06-01

    more than three decades, their exact nature is still unknown. "We are not even sure that neutron stars are composed of neutrons," said Divas Sanwal, also of Penn State, and lead author on a paper describing the team's results. "They could be largely composed of subatomic particles called pions or kaons, or even free quarks." One key to narrow the range of possibilities is to measure the strength of gravity on the surface of a neutron star by observing its effect on X-rays from very near the surface of the star. According to Einstein's theory of General Relativity, attraction of photons by a star's gravitational field results in a lower energy of the photon (longer wavelength of radiation) when detected by a distant observer. The measurement of this gravitational redshift relates the mass to the radius of the star, and it will test the theories for the various possible forms of dense matter. The team, which also includes Slava Zavlin of Max Plank Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Germany, and Marcus Teter of Penn State, considered several possible explanations for the absorption features observed from 1E 1207. The strength and X-ray energy of the features make it improbable that they are due to intervening interstellar material or absorption due to electrons or ions circling in a strong magnetic field. The most likely hypothesis, they conclude, is that the features are due to absorption by helium ions in a magnetic field about a hundred trillion times more intense than the Earth's magnetic field. In this case, the gravitational redshift reduces the energy of the X-rays by 17 percent. Pavlov and his colleagues observed 1E 1027 with Chandra's Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer on January 6, 2000, and again on January 5, 2002, each time for approximately 30,000 seconds. The ACIS instrument was built for NASA by Penn State and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. under the leadership of Gordon Garmire of Penn State. NASA's Marshall Space Flight

  7. A Case-Control Study of the Association Between Serum Copper Level and Febrile Seizures in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    abolfazl MAHYAR

    2012-03-01

    Saunders, 2006:1126-30.20. Mishra OP, Singhal D, Upadhyay RS, Prasad R, etal. Cerebrospinal fluid zinc, magnesium, copper andgamma-aminobutyric acid levels in febrile seizures. JPN2007;5(1:39-44.21. Wu J, Ricker M, Muench J. Copper deficiency as causeof unexplained hematologic and neurologic deficits inpatient with prior gastrointestinal surgery.J Am BoardFam Med 2006;19(2:191-4.22. Ilhan A, Özerol E, Güleç M, Bünyamin Isik B, IlhanN, Ilhan N, et al. The comparison of nail and serumtrace elements in patients with epilepsy and healthysubjects . Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry2004;289(1:99-104.