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Sample records for santos cabral fernanda

  1. Ideology, science, and people in Amílcar Cabral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves, José

    2017-01-01

    The present article contributes to the debate on how historians and social scientists perceive and understand relations between ideology and science, which are often seen as realms belonging to rival kingdoms. Following an analysis and critical positioning vis-à-vis Cabralian studies, the text examines how scholars of Cabral have portrayed his agronomic activities. It then undertakes a genealogical analysis of the Cabralian concept of people and suggests that the emergence of this concept in Cabral's discourse derives from the intersection of the development of anti-colonial nationalist thought in the former Portuguese Empire and the development of agrarian studies in metropolitan Portugal.

  2. From Princesa to Princess with a Prince: 1994 and 2001 Fernanda's Stories

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    Polina Shvanyukova

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In an analysis of what presents itself as a cinematic transposition of a literary text, it is difficult to break away from the “binary oppositions [...] literature versus cinema, high culture versus mass culture, original versus copy" (James Naremore. In the case of Princesa (2001, directed by Henrique Goldman, it is questionable whether we can speak about an adaptation at all. As Goldman himself stated, he got the idea for making the film after reading the eponymous 1994 book written by Fernanda Farias de Albuquerque in collaboration with Maurizio Jannelli. In his film, Goldman has made drastic changes to the autobiographical story of Fernanda, the Brazilian transsexual prostitute who travels to Europe in order to earn money for her sex-change operation. However, the film was in fact dedicated to the memory of the real Fernanda, who had passed away in the meantime. In this contribution, the two works will be examined in their relationship to a third source-text by paying special attention to the processes of worldmaking as developed in Nelson Goodman's seminal 1978 book and expanded in the 2010 collection of essays Cultural Ways of Worldmaking. Media and Narratives.

  3. "PLOUGH" BY A.M. PIRES CABRAL: A PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

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    Isabel Maria Fernandes Alves

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on Plough, published in 2009, this reflection aims to consider the poetry of A.M. Pires Cabral through the lens of ecocriticism. In this sense, the text begins by noting the various landscapes that are part of the poet’s life and art and how they, transformed into language, become the poet himself. Subsequently, some of poems are read according to the critical frame of ecocriticism and the conviction that language can have a strong grasp on how one reads and interprets the land and the landscape. Sensitive to the connections between man and the physical space he inhabits, ecocriticism reinforces an important perspective on Cabral’s poetry: the recognition that human culture affects the physical world and is affected by it.

  4. João Cabral de Melo Neto

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    Sergio Ernesto Ríos

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A la pregunta sobre los primeros poetas brasileños, y más aun sobre aquellos que han apuntalado, nutrido y vivificado el idioma portugués, y escrito esas epopeyas particulares de un país, acudirá el nombre de João Cabral de Melo Neto (Recife, 1920-Río de Janeiro, 1999, quizá más conocido por sus libros Morte e vida Severina, O engenheiro y O cão sem plumas. Es vasta la bibliografía y traducción de esos temas y libros. De ahí mi interés en presentar estos poemas de su libro Pedra do sono, un libro de juventud —escrito antes de sus veinte años—, libre, telúrico y estelar, sin pretensiones ni esquemas, asombrado por el mundo y sus objetos, a los que deforma en un sinuoso ‘surrealismo’, mitad lúdico, mitad misterio.

  5. The issue of race in the work of Domingos Guedes Cabral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Juanma Sánchez; Almeida, Ronnie Jorge Tavares de; El-Hani, Charbel Niño

    2016-12-01

    In 1875 Bahia, medicine and evolutionism were used by the physician, journalist, and republican militant Domingos Guedes Cabral as ideological weapons to propose a radical program of social reforms in Brazil in the areas of education, marriage control, medical care to the alienated, changes in the penal system, etc., all of which were based on the scientific knowledge of that time. Among the social ideas of Guedes Cabral, the question of race will be the main focus of this analysis. In this sense, Domingos Guedes Cabral is a particularly significant example for understanding the initial steps in the peculiar alliance between evolutionism, medicine, and scientific racism in Brazil since the 1870s, when Darwinism first arrived in the country.

  6. Notas sobre poesia e leitor em João Cabral

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    Solange Fiuza Cardoso Yokozawa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: No ano seguinte ao lançamento de Pedra do sono (1942, de João Cabral de Melo Neto, Antonio Candido publica uma resenha sobre esse livro, na qual, além de pressentir acertadamente a grande promessa representada pelo poeta estreante e perceber as linhas mestras do livro, não deixa de lhe censurar o hermetismo e de chamar a atenção do autor para a necessidade de “elevar a pureza da sua emoção a valor corrente entre os homens” (CANDIDO, 2002, p. 141. Antes de Candido, Drummond, em janeiro de 1942, numa carta ao jovem poeta, já havia feito restrição semelhante à poesia do pernambucano, considerando-a muito hermética para o leitor comum. Cabral parece ter internalizado as censuras e as sugestões de seus primeiros leitores quanto à recepção da palavra poética e a elas “respondeu” em sua obra crítica e criativa. Neste trabalho, proponho acompanhar as soluções e tensões que estão na base das “respostas” cabralinas para o binômio poesia e leitor. Palavras-chave: João Cabral; poesia moderna; poesia brasileira; leitor. Abstract: In the year after the release of João Cabral de Melo Neto’s Pedra do sono (1942, Antonio Candido published a review of it in which he correctly perceived the great promise represented by the new poet and the guidelines of the book, as well as criticizing the hermeticism and calling the poet’s attention to the need of “bringing the purity of his emotion up to the current values of mankind” (CANDIDO, 2002, p. 141. Before Candido, Drummond in a letter to João Cabral written in January 1942 had already voiced similar restrictions to his poetry, considering it very hermetical for the common reader. Cabral seems to have taken in these criticisms and the suggestions from his first readers as to the reception of his poetry and “answered” them in his critical and creative work. In this paper, I intend to follow the solutions and tensions which are the basis of his “answers” to

  7. João Cabral de Melo Neto e Augusto de Campos: dois poetas engenheiros

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    Sitta, Emerson Roberto de Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    Esta dissertação trata da relação poética entre João Cabral de Melo Neto (1920-1999) e Augusto de Campos (1931). Tem como objetivo destacar essa relação, investigando o processo de criação de cada um dos poetas. A pesquisa tem como corpus de análise as obras: O Engenheiro de João Cabral, publicado em 1945 e a série Ovonovelo de Augusto de Campos, publicada em 1960. Para guiar nossa reflexão, selecionamos a seguinte questão-problema: até que ponto o exercício de construção po...

  8. Fernanda Monasterio, una voz española en la Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología (SIP)

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    Helio Carpintero

    2012-01-01

    Se recuerda aquí la figura de Fernanda Monasterio (1920-2006), médico y psicóloga española. Formada en la escuela médica de G. Marañón, se interesó en temas de sexología y psicología clínica. Organizó y fue promotora de la carrera de psicología en la Universidad de La Plata (Argentina), a la que dio un alto grado de profesionalidad. Tras unos años muy activos en aquella ciudad, se retiró y regresó a España, donde desarrollo una actividad clínica y mantuvo una figura de médico humanista....

  9. Fernanda Monasterio, una voz española en la Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología (SIP

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    Helio Carpintero

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se recuerda aquí la figura de Fernanda Monasterio (1920-2006, médico y psicóloga española. Formada en la escuela médica de G. Marañón, se interesó en temas de sexología y psicología clínica. Organizó y fue promotora de la carrera de psicología en la Universidad de La Plata (Argentina, a la que dio un alto grado de profesionalidad. Tras unos años muy activos en aquella ciudad, se retiró y regresó a España, donde desarrollo una actividad clínica y mantuvo una figura de médico humanista.

  10. A Vila Getúlio Cabral e as ocupações organizadas de terras urbanas no Rio de Janeiro

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    Jonas Delecave

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the occupation process of Getúlio Cabral Village, in Duque de Caxias, RJ, inserted into a organized occupation of unused land movement in Rio de Janeiro's Metropolitan Area, that took place between 1980 ―with Brazil's re-democratization process― and the mid-1990s. This kind of informal housing production sought to build settlements that, although arising from an illegal land occupation, could become, over time, an official neighborhood of the city, with a regular land situation and state investments in infrastructure. With the goal “to make housing policy with its own hands”, these movements organized not only the action of its participants in the occupation process, but also developed urban projects and ordered the land use regulation. Thus, partially respecting the existing urban legislations, and sometimes reserving spaces for the subsequent installation of public facilities, these occupied land would have facilitated their integration processes to the official city. Because this social movement has been approached by reduced specialized literature, in this study we chose to conduct field interviews, both with social leaders ―especially Luiz Cabral, key player in the Getúlio Cabral Village occupation― as with state government officials who worked with these movements, in order to facilitate the subsequent settlement of occupied land. We also used photographic documentation produced by the very leaders of this occupation process. With this reflection, we intend to contribute to the understanding of a movement that forced the state to take a stand facing a real situation: the occupation of urban land to ensure housing access, facing a lack of housing public policy that could meet lower income segments of the population.

  11. La adaptación del hombre a la montaña: El paisaje de Cabrales (Picos de Europa)

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    Herrán Alonso, Marta; Ruiz Fernández, Jesús; Suárez Antuña, Faustino

    2005-01-01

    Cabrales, situado en plenos Picos de Europa, conoció diferentes fases económicas durante la pasada centuria. Las prácticas agroganaderas predominaron en la zona hasta comienzos del siglo XX, cuando irrumpió con fuerza una nueva forma de explotación de los recursos naturales, como fue la minería. Una actividad extractiva que, pese a su elevado coste medioambiental, no mermó el atractivo de este espacio de montaña, constituyendo hoy en día uno de los principales destinos de turismo rural en Ast...

  12. The preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto to Em Va Fer Joan Brossa: Theory and practice of realism in two poets from the post-war.

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    Melcion Mateu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1951, the book Em va fer Joan Brossa [Joan Brossa  Made me] was published in Barcelona, with a preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto. It is a useful text to better understand Brossa as well as Cabral; it is a significant text in order to grasp the individual response of these poets to the problem of returning to realism for the early post-war period. A translation of João Cabral de Melo Neto's preface, previously unpublished in Portuguese, is presented here.

  13. Propaganda and Philanthropy: The Institute Bento da Rocha Cabral, the Lisbon Site of Biochemistry (1925-1953).

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    Carneiro, Ana; Amaral, Isabel

    2015-05-01

    This paper focuses on the internal organization and dynamics of the Institute Bento da Rocha Cabral (IRC) in Lisbon, a privately-funded institution devoted to biomedical research, from the particular vantage point of its laboratory of biochemistry; in particular, the process through which the institution turned from medically-related to chemically-related research in the period spanning from 1925 to 1953. The history of the IRC raises interesting questions regarding the social politics of science as it materialized the desire of leading physicians of the Faculty of Medicine of Lisbon to create proper physical facilities for medically-related scientific research. We argue that the process which led to the creation of the IRC coincided with the gradual professional and political ascendance of physicians in Portuguese society initiated in the late nineteenth century, and is closely associated with Portuguese republicanism and the process of Lisbon becoming the scientific capital.

  14. Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Dalea, Roger; Robertson, Susan

    2004-01-01

    Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Professor of Sociology, School of Economics, University of Coimbra and Distinguished Legal Scholar, Law School, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is also director of the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra. Santos is one of the outstanding theorists whose work is engaged with pressing social and…

  15. Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalea, Roger; Robertson, Susan

    2004-01-01

    Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Professor of Sociology, School of Economics, University of Coimbra and Distinguished Legal Scholar, Law School, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is also director of the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra. Santos is one of the outstanding theorists whose work is engaged with pressing social and…

  16. y Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Ma. del Consuelo Chapela

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En la exploración teórico-metodológica del vínculo universidad-sociedad convocamos a dos grandes pensadores: Jaques Derridá y Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Derridá y de Sousa Santos son pensadores preocupados por identificar formas de potenciar y lograr el pensamiento crítico necesario para lograr una "universidad sin condición", resistir a los poderes hegemónicos, y para proponer caminos de entendimiento y acción en la consecución de los ideales de la Universidad Pública aún en el contexto de sometimiento económico y político en el que se intenta colocarlas. Aunque pertenecientes a campos del saber y corrientes del pensamiento diferentes, sus visiones y propuestas son insumos necesarios para la reflexión sobre la formación, condición y posibilidad de los vínculos universidad-sociedad.

  17. Santo, el enmascarado de plata

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    Aviña, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    La vida de Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta, quien debutó con su característica máscara en 1942 y que había luchado desde mediados de los años 1930 bajo distintos nombres, es, sin duda, una vida de película. Personaje de gran arrastre popular y notable campeón de lucha libre, Santo, el enmascarado de plata, de quien se dice participó en más de quince mil combates, protagonizó más de 50 películas y se convirtió en el líder de taquilla en los años 1960 cuando la época dorada de nuestro cine había quedado ...

  18. A instrucao pelo riso em Santo Agostinho

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Medeiros, Marcia Maria

    2010-01-01

    Santo Agostinho autor de varias obras, entre elas a que originou este artigo, intitulada A instrucao aos Catecumenos, e referenda partindo do pressuposto de que o ser humano esta em peregrinacao nesse...

  19. Paratextos Cabralinos: uma Sugestão de Leitura da Obra de João Cabral de Melo Neto

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    Marcelo dos Santos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao se tomar conhecimento da vida em arquivo do poeta, é (quase impossível não tecer, ainda que fantasmal e esquematicamente, a teia de relações do poeta, de amizades (e inimizades, de afinidades (e de incompatibilidades, de diálogos prováveis e improváveis. Reler a obra poética de Cabral a partir de uma ida aos arquivos significa reconhecer rastros de uma grafia que essa vida em arquivo inevitavelmente territorializa, como por exemplo acontece com as dedicatórias, epígrafes e demais citações, que ganham reforço significativo quando superpostas à troca de cartas com seus correspondentes, aos diálogos registrados em entrevistas, aos depoimentos etc. De certa forma, ressignificar essas partículas que Genette (2009 denomina de paratextos deve interessar ao leitor, a esse novo leitor que lê a vida espelhada no texto, sem necessariamente confundir-se na leitura do texto como espelho da vida.

  20. Viagem(ns a Santos Journey(s to Santos

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    Henrique Luiz Cukierman

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo busca lançar algumas luzes sobre a construção do laboratório de Manguinhos, recontando um de seus episódios precursores: a viagem a Santos empreendida em 1899 por Oswaldo Cruz, um jovem médico às vésperas de tornar-se herói nacional enquanto símbolo brasileiro da ciência. Destinada a confirmar a chegada pela primeira vez da famigerada peste bubônica em terras brasileiras, a viagem constituiria um marco na justificação da construção de uma fábrica de soro antipestoso no Rio de Janeiro, o futuro Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurado em 1900 e no qual viria a ser instalado o embrião do laboratório de Manguinhos. A partir de quatro narrativas distintas, é possível verificar o processo de ‘criação do mundo’ através do qual cada uma delas realiza sua própria expansão do que seria aparentemente uma ‘mesma’ viagem, permitindo assim configurar a historicidade desses relatos.The article intends to shed some light on the creation of the Manguinhos laboratory by recounting an episode which predates it: the journey to Santos taken in 1899 by Oswaldo Cruz, a young physician about to become a national hero and the Brazilian symbol of science. Destined to confirm the arrival of the infamous bubonic plague in Brazil for the first time, this journey was a milestone in justifying construction of a factory to produce anti-plague serum in Rio de Janeiro - the future Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurated in 1900 and later embryo of the Manguinhos laboratory. Four different narratives of this journey reveal different processes of ‘creating the world’, each arriving at its own interpretation of the same journey.

  1. [Haitian migration to Santo Domingo].

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    Latortue, P R

    1985-01-01

    This work examines the history of Haitian migration to the Dominican Republic, the central role of Haitian migration in Dominican society, working conditions of Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic, and the relationship of the migration to economic development on the island of Hispaniola. Lack of data, the difficulty of measuring illegal movement, and the problem of defining Haitians in Santo Domingo have impeded understanding of migration to the Dominican Republic. It is believed by many authorities that Haitian migration to Santo Domingo is considerable and perhaps exceeds that to the US. Haitian migration to the Dominican Republic began after 1915 with the fall of the Haitian president, a worsening of economic conditions partly caused by stagnation in the agricultural sector, and the newly dominant role of the US in Haitian economic affairs. The Great Depression of the 1930s was a direct antecedent of the massacre of Haitians by Dominican police in which some 30 thousand persons were killed; the economic recession of the early 1980s has also caused an outburst of antiHaitian feeling in the Dominican Republic although 80% of laborers in the sugar industry are Haitians. Sugar is extremely important to the Dominican economy: in 1974, sugar covered 12% of cultivated land, produced 40% of foreign exchange earnings, and was responsable for 21% of taxable income. Dominicans however refuse to work in sugar plantations under the current technological. conditions and wage system. Although the government periodically demands the Dominicanization of the sugar work force, no such changes have been made. Sugar will probably continue to play a decisive role in the generation of foreign exchange despite introduction of more technologically advanced sectors which benefit from better prices in the international market. Possibilities of mechanizing sugar production in the Dominican Republic appear remote, and failure to modernize an important sector of the economy has

  2. Cabral Martins, Fernando (2008. Dicionário de Fernando Pessoa e do modernismo português. Lisboa: Caminho; 959 pp.

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    Jasmina Markič

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Pessoa es, sin duda alguna, uno de los mayores poetas portugueses y europeos. En noviembre 2008 fue publicado un extenso libro, una especie de enciclopedia, intitulado Dicionário de Fernando Pessoa e do Modernismo Português. Fernando Cabral Martins, profesor de literatura y cultura portuguesas en la universidad lisboeta Universidade Nova de Lisboa, traductor y ensayista, editor de antologías literarias y autor de estudios sobre los modernistas portugueses, en especial sobre Fernando Pessoa, Mario de Sá Carneiro y Almada Negreiros, es el editor y uno de los autores de esta obra.

  3. O cérebro progressivo de Domingos Guedes Cabral: usos do Darwinismo no Brasil em fins do século XIX

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    Waizbort,Ricardo; Carvalho, André Luís de Lima

    2014-01-01

    Nos últimos anos tem havido um renascimento do interesse acadêmico acerca do personagem de Domingos Guedes Cabral (1852-1883) e de sua tese de doutorado, transformada em livro em 1876, Funções do cérebro, obra considerada materialista, positivista e, sobretudo, evolucionista. Segundo Therezinha Collichio, Funcções do cérebro foi, ao lado da tese de doutorado de Sylvio Romero, o texto mais importante sobre o evolucionismo da geração de 1870 no Brasil. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar com...

  4. Interview to Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Guilherme, Manuela; Dietz, Gunther

    2017-01-01

    In this interview, Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos addresses, on the one hand, the process of transnationalisation of universities and the neoliberalisation of the classical model of the European university. On the other hand, he stresses that the recognition of difference and internal pluralism of science, which have pervaded the…

  5. Interview to Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Manuela; Dietz, Gunther

    2017-01-01

    In this interview, Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos addresses, on the one hand, the process of transnationalisation of universities and the neoliberalisation of the classical model of the European university. On the other hand, he stresses that the recognition of difference and internal pluralism of science, which have pervaded the…

  6. El cielo se llena de santos mexicanos

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    Verónica Zárate Toscano

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Preliminares A fines del próximo mes de julio, si Dios le conserva la vida y su salud se lo permite, el Papa Juan Pablo II elevará a la categoría de Santo al indio Juan Diego en una ceremonia en la ciudad de México, culminando así un largo, discutido y tortuoso proceso de canonización. Suerte parecida corrió en su momento el criollo Felipe de Jesús; sin embargo, otros miembros de la corte celestial de origen mexicano se han elevado a los altares de manera casi vertiginosa, como es el caso de ...

  7. Santo Domingo Savio: un territorio reterritorializado

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    Jorge Ivu00E1n Ballesteros Toro; Claudia Velu00E1squez Higuita; Marcela Sierra Vu00E1squez; Eliana Maru00EDa Torres Toro; Elizabeth Vu00E9lez Gonzu00E1lez

    2011-01-01

    Santo Domingo Savio es un barrio de la Comuna Popular número 1,1 ubicado en el nororiente de la ciudad de Medellín (Antioquia, Colombia). Es un territorio formado a través de la ocupación marginal e ilegal de la tierra, que ha sido marcado por la violencia y la pobreza. El Estado, luego de años de abandono, ha implementado proyectos de desarrollo urbano que han generado infraestructura de transporte, espacio público y educación; proyectos que enmarcan la ciudad en el contexto de la competitiv...

  8. REISADO CARETA: brincadeira para louvar Santo Reis

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    PALOMA SÁ DE CASTRO CORNELIO

    2009-01-01

    Análise do folguedo Reisado Careta, com música, dança, canto e poesia; realizado por agricultores da região do Médio Itapecuru, sertão leste do Maranhão, especialmente na cidade de Caxias. O Reisado Careta é uma festa para louvar Santo Reis e acontece em forma de jornada que simboliza o caminho feito pelos Três Reis do Oriente desde a noite do dia 25 de dezembro, data do nascimento de Cristo Jesus até o dia 06 de janeiro, quando os Reis chegaram a Belém. As personagens represen...

  9. JOÃO CABRAL DE MELO NETO: LA IMAGEN DEL RÍO EN LA POÉTICA DE LOS DESVALIDOS

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    GLORIA VERGARA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article we review the cosmic image of water, from the theory of Gaston Bachelard, in two long poems of João Cabral de Melo Neto: O Rio ("The River" and O cão sem plumas ("The dog without feathers". I will see the river as cosmic image of the helpless in "The River" and the first part of "The dog without feathers", Paisagem do Capibaribe, understanding that poetry is not a complaint, but these texts denouncing misery. This poems project the worldview of those who resist the rigor, not only hunger and social spoils, but the river. The creatures that inhabit this world are as far away, the neglected, ignored what society. In the river, these beings are confused with the lama, not just your bank or depth, but the margin between liquid and solid, between the filth and survival. The gift of the destitute is his strength. Thus, the different shades reaching cosmic water image helps us to perceive the existence deployments in the "helpless" than lyrical subjects are depicted in Brazilian poetry.

  10. Alegre, Espírito Santo

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    Melchior Carlos do Do Nascimento

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study map the landuse/landcover using IKONOS II data, automatize the delineation of permanent preservation areas and to identify landuse conflict based on the Brazilian Forest Code and Resolution nº 303 of CONAMA. The study was developed in the Alegre river watershed, located in the south region of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. Twelve landuse classes were mapped, along with the following permanent preservation areas: upper third of hills (49,7 ha; hillsides with slopes above 45 degrees (27,5 ha; springs and their respective contributing areas (1.975,6 ha; riparian zones with width less than 10 meters (2.818,3 ha; and upper third of sub-basins (4.695,8 ha, summing 9.566,9 ha (45.95%. The area of undue use corresponded to 7.499,7 ha (43,80%, with coffee plantation and pasture classes occupying most of this area (74.73%. Only 1.780,7 ha (18.61% of permanent preservation areas are protected by native vegetation 7.786,2 ha (81.39%.

  11. Santo Domingo Savio: un territorio reterritorializado

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    Jorge Ivu00E1n Ballesteros Toro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Santo Domingo Savio es un barrio de la Comuna Popular número 1,1 ubicado en el nororiente de la ciudad de Medellín (Antioquia, Colombia. Es un territorio formado a través de la ocupación marginal e ilegal de la tierra, que ha sido marcado por la violencia y la pobreza. El Estado, luego de años de abandono, ha implementado proyectos de desarrollo urbano que han generado infraestructura de transporte, espacio público y educación; proyectos que enmarcan la ciudad en el contexto de la competitividad. La actual dinámica territorial ha convertido esta comuna en un lugar atractivo para residentes y turistas, en un espacio reterritorializado por el Estado; además, ha transformado el lugar en un laboratorio de ciudad y en un modelo de renovación. Bajo este escenario, esta exploración pretende visualizar la territorialidad que en el transcurso del tiempo han tenido los diferentes actores en este espacio.

  12. Quand le «petit disque» remplacera-t-il le «Grand Livre»? Cabral Collection et l'Atlas informatisé du Togo et du Bénin

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    Benoît ANTHEAUME

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure où fleurissent les encyclopédies multimédias, géographes et cartographes imaginent encore de nouvelles formes d’atlas sur support informatique. Après l’Atlas télématique des villes françaises et les atlas interactifs dérivés du Choroscope, Cabral Collection est une nouvelle expérience menée au sein du GIP RECLUS à l’occasion de la réalisation de l’Atlas informatisé du Togo et du Bénin.

  13. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alarcón

    Full Text Available La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocumentados en Tijuana, Baja California, México: Santo Toribio Romo, el "Santo Pollero" que fue canonizado en 2000, el Beato Juan Bautista Scalabrini, fundador de los Misioneros Scalabrinianos y Juan Soldado quien surgió de la religiosidad popular.

  14. Dragones, serpientes y cocodrilos infernales en la comedia de santos

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez Fernandez, Luis

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Se examinan en este artículo algunos casos en los que aparecen dragones, serpientes y cocodrilos vinculados al personaje teatral del demonio en la comedia de santos. El corpus es mayormente calderoniano.; Parcours retraçant dans la comedia de santos (pièces hagiographiques) la présence de monstres tels que les dragons, les serpents et les crocodiles là où il y a une relation spécifique avec le diable. Le corpus examiné porte essentiellement sur les oeuvres de Pedro Cal...

  15. Pedological Heterogeneity of Soils Developed from Lithologies of the Pirambóia, Sanga-do-Cabral, and Guará Geological Formations in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Grahl dos Santos

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The source material is one of the factors that most influence soil genesis and the mainly responsible for the nature, composition, and behavior of the soil. Given the geological complexity of the Santa Maria River basin, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the new lithologies described recently may be responsible for a greater variation in soil properties, as well as in the soil taxonomy itself. The study area is located in the municipality of Rosário do Sul, RS, Brazil at 30° 15’ 28” S and 54° 54’ 50” W, with average altitude of 132 m and climate type Cfa. This study was supported by a cartographic base composed of topographic charts, geological maps, satellite images, digital elevation models, and maps of geomorphometric variables, with the support of GPS receivers and GIS. Topolithosequences were defined from soils developed from the Pirambóia, Sanga-do-Cabral, and Guará Formations, and soil profiles were chosen based on types of source materials, variations in relief, and altitude. A classical model of slope compartmentalization was applied for correlation of the geomorphic surfaces with pedogenesis. Soil profiles were described in a general and morphological manner, and soil samples were collected for analysis. The physical and chemical properties determined were particle size, active and potential acidity, organic C content, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and Al3+. The sum of bases, CEC, flocculation activity and degree of flocculation of the clay fraction, and base (V, aluminum (m, and sodium saturation were calculated. Soil properties were evaluated through factor analysis and grouping, which allowed profiles to be grouped based on their variables and identification of which variables were preponderant in distinguishing them. Furthermore, multivariate analysis allowed statistical differentiation of the profiles in the same lithostratigraphic unit and in different relief positions, and also differentiation of

  16. Intervista a Fernanda Fedi e Gino Gini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Sini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Parte Prima. Laboratorio Milano: Collettivi, Arte e SocietàParte Seconda. Soggettività e collettivo: ideali, obiettivi e ragioni teoriche del lavoro artistico partecipatoParte Terza. Arte militante e incontro con le istituzioni. L'esperienza milanese degli anni ’70.Parte Quarta. Dalle pratiche all’estetica: il Premio Piazzetta e la questione della documentazioneParte Quinta. 1974: Il movimento delle donne artisteParte Sesta. Per un bilancio dell’esperienza dei collettivi artistici: cambiamenti sociali e "ritorno al personale"Parte Settima. Rapporti gerarchici e disgregazione dell'idea di collettivo.Parte Ottava. Arte come pratica ideologica. Parte Nona. Per un biilancio dell’esperienza dei Collettivi Artistici: risultati permanenti e il problema della continuità  

  17. Tinea nigra na cidade de Santos: relato de cinco casos Tinea nigra in the City of Santos: five case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Lopes Mattos e Dinato

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Relato de cinco casos de tinea nigra palmaris observados em quatro crianças, do sexo feminino, e um adolescente, do sexo masculino, em Santos, litoral de São Paulo. Discutem-se os aspectos históricos, epidemiológicos, diagnósticos, terapêuticos e prognósticos embasados em revisão de literatura.Five cases are reported of tinea nigra palmaris in four female children and one male teenager in Santos, São Paulo's littoral. The history, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are discussed in a review of the literature.

  18. Pesquisa de Trichinella spiralis em roedores capturados na zona portuária de Santos An investigation of Trichinella spiralis in rodents captured in the Santos dock area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Vianna Paim

    1979-03-01

    Full Text Available Examinaram-se 594 diafragmas de roedores capturados na zona portuária de Santos tendo em vista a procura de larvas de Trichinella spiralis. Todos os diafragmas examinados estavam negativos.Five hundred and ninety-four diaphragms of rodents captured in the Santos dock area were examined for Trichinella spiralis. The results of the examinations were negative.

  19. Regional inequalities in Espirito Santo: perspective of petroleum exploration; Desigualdades regionais no Espirito Santo: perspectivas da fronteira de exploracao petrolifera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Viviane Mozine [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Do donate the subject of the present article look to know the possible impacts about the space distribution of the wealth before the tendencies of exploration of petroleum and natural gas in the Espirito Santo it goes: will it be the exploration activity and production of petroleum and natural gas an element of increase of problems of the regional inequalities? The central object is to examines the the distribution of petroleum royalties among the state region, enforcing or finishing it. (author)

  20. Los santos dominicos y la propaganda inquisitorial en el convento de Santo Tomás de Ávila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caballero Escamilla, Sonia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we analyze the paintings of the Saint Domingo of Guzmán, Saint Thomas of Aquino and Saint Peter of Verona of the monastery of Saint Thomas in Ávila and their iconography in relation to the original historical context. The interpretation of the images shows some aspects about the person who commissions the paintings and who designed the message, the inquisitor Torquemada, as well as his aim.

    En este artículo analizamos las pinturas de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Tomás de Aquino y San Pedro de Verona del Convento de Santo Tomás de Ávila y su iconografía en relación con el contexto histórico original. La interpretación de las imágenes revela algunos aspectos de la persona que, hipotéticamente, encargó las pinturas y que diseñó el mensaje, el inquisidor Torquemada, así como sus objetivos.

  1. La eticidad de la política según Santo Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    1. La Politica Como Saber Moral En Santo Tomas. 2. Fundamentos De La Proyeccionpolitica De La Moral: Teoria Del Orden; Teoria De La Justicia; Teoria De La Ley.3. El Pensamiento De Santo Tomas Y Las Exigencias Contemporaneas De Unamoralidad Politica.

  2. Other Worlds Are Possible: An Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Alison

    2007-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Santos is a professor of Sociology at the University of Coimbra, where he is the director of the internationally renowned Centro de Estudos Sociais. He offers a rich vein of theoretical reflection and translation for language(s) and intercultural communication.

  3. The Role of Rhetoric in the Judicial Opinion: The Rhetoric of Boaventura De Sousa Santos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anapol, Malthon M.

    Boaventura De Sousa Santos, a Portuguese law professor, appears to be the first legal scholar and theorist who works with rhetorical theories and who is accepted by the legal profession. Santos's major works have centered on the legal system of Pasargada, a Brazilian favela (squatter village) whose residents try to settle disputes outside the…

  4. The Role of Rhetoric in the Judicial Opinion: The Rhetoric of Boaventura De Sousa Santos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anapol, Malthon M.

    Boaventura De Sousa Santos, a Portuguese law professor, appears to be the first legal scholar and theorist who works with rhetorical theories and who is accepted by the legal profession. Santos's major works have centered on the legal system of Pasargada, a Brazilian favela (squatter village) whose residents try to settle disputes outside the…

  5. Other Worlds Are Possible: An Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Alison

    2007-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Santos is a professor of Sociology at the University of Coimbra, where he is the director of the internationally renowned Centro de Estudos Sociais. He offers a rich vein of theoretical reflection and translation for language(s) and intercultural communication.

  6. CADENA DEL CAFÉ DE LOS SANTOS, COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Francisco Carranza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La operación de las actividades económicas y su competitividad, analizadas desde una perspectiva de cadenas globales de mercancías, dependen del funcionamiento de los mercados de crédito, tanto nacionales como internacionales. La operación normal de los negocios requiere crédito para fortalecer sus recursos propios y hacer las compras de materia prima, insumos, pago de salarios e inversión. En todos los casos, el crédito puede ser utilizado para mejorar el diseño de productos, impulsar el acceso a nuevos mercados y aumentar la competitividad. A los productores de la región de Los Santos en Costa Rica se les reconoce por innovadores, y al café de la zona por ser un café de altura y de gran calidad. El artículo explora las necesidades de financiamiento de productores, beneficiadores y exportadores de café de Los Santos, sus fuentes de financiamiento y el uso dado a los recursos obtenidos. Entre las necesidades orientadas al mejoramiento de la competitividad se encontraron la renovación de cafetales entre los productores, el mantenimiento de proyectos y tecnología entre los beneficios y la generación de microbeneficios y búsqueda de nichos de mercado entre los exportadores. Abstract From a global commodity chains perspective, economic activities and their competitiveness depend upon the functioning of credit markets, both international and domestic. Current businesses operations require credit to enhance their own resources in order to buy raw material and inputs, pay wages and make investment. Credit may also be used to improve product design, enter new markets and boost competitiveness as a result. High altitude grown coffee from Los Santos, Costa Rica is widely known for its quality, and their growers as innovative. This paper addresses credit needs of coffee growers, processors and exporters in Los Santos, the credit sources they have access to, and the kind of uses the credit is given. Improving competitiveness uses

  7. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Alarcón; Macrina Cardenas Montaño

    2013-01-01

    La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocu...

  8. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Alarcón; Macrina Cardenas Montaño

    2013-01-01

    La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocu...

  9. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of Espirito Santo Basin - Brazil; Evolucao tectono-estratigrafica da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Eric Zagotto; Fernandes, Flavio L.; Lobato, Gustavo; Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. de Modelagem de Bacias (LAB2M); Petersohn, Eliane [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper documents the analysis of seismic data of the Espirito Santo basin obtained during the project realized through partnership between COPPE/UFRJ/Lab2M with the Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP) during 2006 and 2007. The major objective of the seismic data interpretation in the project was to define the main structural and stratigraphic features in order to build a sedimentation model and a tectonic-stratigraphic evolution model of the Espirito Santo basin. Thus, the sedimentary package has been divided into eight genetic units (UN), grouped into five third order stratigraphic sequences, namely: UN-B, represented by siliciclastics rocks of the rift stage and evaporitic sag-rift stage, deposited during the Aptian; UN-C, which represents the carbonatic rocks deposited in a marine environment, and siliciclastics rocks located in the proximal portions during the Albian; and UN-D, represented by sediments, composed mainly by pelites, deposited in between the Cenomanian and Recent, and includes the Eocene volcanic event, which one changed the sedimentation pattern of the basin. (author)

  10. O turismo em Porto Santo: uma estratégia de marketing para o futuro

    OpenAIRE

    Neves, Hélder Maurício Abreu

    2005-01-01

    Ao desenvolver este trabalho sobre o Porto Santo, pretendeu-se dar um modesto contributo para o conhecimento e desenvolvimento turístico da Ilha. O Porto Santo, situa-se a nordeste da ilha da Madeira, é uma Ilha muito árida, caracteriza-se pela tranquilidade, pela sua extensa praia de areia, pelas águas temperadas e muito limpas, o que torna esta Ilha, um autêntico paraíso às portas da Europa. O Porto Santo possui características para ser um autêntico destino de sonho. Sendo um destino mar...

  11. Forbidden therapies: Santo Daime, ayahuasca, and the prohibition of entheogens in Western society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blainey, Marc G

    2015-02-01

    Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion organized around a potent psychoactive beverage called ayahuasca, is now being practiced across Europe and North America. Deeming ayahuasca a dangerous "hallucinogen," most Western governments prosecute people who participate in Santo Daime. On the contrary, members of Santo Daime (called "daimistas") consider ayahuasca a medicinal sacrament (or "entheogen"). Empirical studies corroborate daimistas' claim that entheogens are benign and can be beneficial when employed in controlled contexts. Following from anthropology's goal of rendering different cultural logics as mutually explicable, this article intercedes in a misunderstanding between policies of prohibition and an emergent subculture of entheogenic therapy.

  12. Espacio e identidades locales en Todos Santos, bcs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana Almada Alatorre

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene por objetivo presentar un acercamiento a la relación existente entre la construcción de las identidades locales y el uso de los espacios en el pueblo de Todos Santos, Baja California Sur (bcs, formado por inmigrantes extranjeros y nacionales, y por las familias originarias del pueblo. Para entender dicha convivencia se analizan las diferencias en el uso y la distribución de los espacios privados y también de los que comparten con los demás, es decir, la plaza, la calle, las banquetas. En ese sentido, la observación y análisis de las relaciones que establecen durante las fiestas del pueblo ofrece la posibilidad de aprehender las discrepancias culturales manifiestas en las formas de participar y disfrutar del pueblo en diferentes circunstancias.

  13. The ethnopharmacology of Madeira and Porto Santo Islands, a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, D; Obón, C

    1995-05-01

    The ethnopharmacology of Madeira and Porto Santo Islands is extremely interesting because of the cultural and biogeographic features of this region, which make it a centre of medicinal plant diversity (richness of endemic flora, geographical isolation in the Atlantic sea, crosscultural influences, and past abundance of local healers). The medicinal flora of Madeira is composed of 259 species. Some noteworthy medicinal taxa, endemic or locally relevant, are: Acanthus mollis, Aeonium glandulosum, Aeonium glutinosum, Bidens pilosa, Borago officinalis, Chamaemelum nobile var. discoideum, Culcita macrocarpa, Echium nervosum, Euphorbia platiphylla, Helichrysum melaleucum, Helichrysum obconicum, Hypericum glandulosum, Hypericum humifussum, Kleinia repens, Laurus azorica, Monizia edulis, Ocotea foetens, Psoralea bituminosa, Rubus bollei, Rumex maderensis, Sambucus lanceolata, Scilla maderensis, Sedum brissemoretii, Sedum farinosum, Sedum nudum, Sibthorpia peregrina, Teucrium betonicum, Thymus caespititius, Trifolium squamosum and Vaccinium padifolium. Among the medicinal cryptogams, one can underline the parasitic fungus Laurobasidium lauri, which grows on the stems of Laurus azorica and is used as an antirheumatic, haemostatic, emmenagogue, insecticide and analeptic.

  14. El Santo Niño de Atocha: patrimonio y turismo religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Fernández Poncela

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available this work is a reflection about crossing of roads between cultural patrimony and religious tourism, with the study of case of Santo Niño de Atocha, Plateros, Fresnillo, Zacatecas, Mexico.

  15. San Antonio-Espiritu Santo Bay, Texas Four band, 1meter resolution, UltraCam orthoimage

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Office for Coastal Management purchased digital Vexcel Ultracam imagery and digital elevation models of the Texas coastline at Espiritu-Santo Bay in 2007....

  16. Vanuatu - HDM-4 Analysis of the Efate Ring Road and the Santo East Coast Road

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provided funds for the upgrade of two roads in Vanuatu. These were the Efate Ring Road and the Santo East Coast Road. Both...

  17. Los primeros minutos de Monty Python y el santo Grial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Chimal

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article problématise quelques fragments de "Monty Python et le Saint Graal" ("Monty Python and the Holy Grail", film réalisé en 1975 par Terry Gilliam et Terry Jones. En parodiant des textes et des films arthuriens - notamment La mort d’Arthur de Thomas Malory, souvent considéré comme le résumé “canonique” de la tradition arthurienne-, le film met ouvertement en question les réductions faites par le cinéma de la matière de Bretagne, en les ridiculisant et les opposant à d’autres éléments arthuriens pris dans les textes originels.El artículo problematiza momentos importantes de Monty Python y el Santo Grial (Monty Python and the Holy Grail, filme dirigido en 1975 por Terry Gilliam y Terry Jones. Parodia de textos y filmes artúricos -en especial La muerte de Arturo de Thomas Malory, considerada a veces resumen “canónico” de la tradición artúrica-, la película cuestiona abiertamente las reducciones hechas por el cine de la Materia de la Gran Bretaña, ridiculizándolas y contrastándolas con otros elementos artúricos tomados de los textos originales.

  18. Santo André: Integración de Programas para Promover la Inclusión Social

    OpenAIRE

    Rosana Denaldi

    2003-01-01

    En este trabajo trataremos del programa "Santo André Más Igual", desarrollado desde 1998 en la ciudad de Santo André ubicada en la Región del Gran ABC, en la Región Metropolitana de San Pablo (RMSP) Brasil.

  19. A Expansão Hoteleira em Santo André

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Peixoto Xavier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente artigo busca identificar os fatores que possibilitaram a expansão hoteleira na região do Grande ABC, e em especial na cidade de Santo André, bem como analisar as articulações entre o poder público e a iniciativa privada que influenciaram na definição dos investimentos realizados por determinadas cadeias hoteleiras. O argumento aponta para a relevância das estratégias adotadas por uma liderança política inovadora na cidade de Santo André, que resultaram na instalação de quatro novos empreendimentos hoteleiros e aumentaram a perspectiva de crescimento do turismo de negócios na região. Palavras-chave: turismo de negócios; hotéis; hotéis em Santo André; hotéis e políticas públicas; projeto Eixo Tamanduatehy. Abstract This study intends to identify the main factors that made possible the hotels’ complex growth in the Great ABC region and especially in the city of Santo André, as well as to analyze the relationship between the public management and the private sector and its influences on the investment decision made by specific hotel chains. We argue that relevant strategies adopted for an innovative political leadership in Santo André, that had the outcome of four new hotels established in its restructured central area, and strongly increased the perspective of business-oriented growth for the tourism activity in the region. Keywords: business-oriented tourism; hotels; Santo André’s hotels; hotels and public policy; Tamanduatehy Axle project.

  20. RAPHAEL SAMÚ: Experiências do muralismo no Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    Goncalves, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A proposta deste estudo é investigar o processo de criação do artista plástico brasileiro Raphael Samú, tendo como recorte sua obra em mosaico mural, mais especificamente o mural presente na entrada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo UFES, em Vitória - Espírito Santo. Para tal, investigaremos através dos pressupostos da Crítica Genética e da Crítica Inferencial quais foram os caminhos tomados pelo artista durante a confecção de tal obra, apontando assim a intencionalidade do projet...

  1. Distribution of mercury in surficial sediments from Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Galindo, E A; Casas-Beltrán, D A; Muñoz-Barbosa, A; Daesslé, L W; Segovia-Zavala, J A; Macías-Zamora, J V; Orozco-Borbón, M V

    2008-02-01

    During 2004 the spatial distribution of total Hg in sediments from Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México was studied to evaluate the degree of environmental impact in this bay. The results showed low concentrations and no Hg enrichment at any site. These findings suggest natural levels of Hg in the water of Todos Santos Bay. The regional distribution of Hg/Fe shows lower values in the East and higher in the West of the bay. No significant correlations (p<0.05) were found between Hg and organic matter or particle size, suggesting that the distribution of Hg is not controlled by these variables.

  2. RAPHAEL SAMÚ: Experiências do muralismo no Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    GONCALVES, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A proposta deste estudo é investigar o processo de criação do artista plástico brasileiro Raphael Samú, tendo como recorte sua obra em mosaico mural, mais especificamente o mural presente na entrada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo UFES, em Vitória - Espírito Santo. Para tal, investigaremos através dos pressupostos da Crítica Genética e da Crítica Inferencial quais foram os caminhos tomados pelo artista durante a confecção de tal obra, apontando assim a intencionalidade do projet...

  3. Qorpo Santo - Lanterna de Fogo : qompendio dramaturgiqo em paragrafos e imagens

    OpenAIRE

    João Andre Brito Garboggini

    2008-01-01

    Resumo: Esta tese apresenta uma jornada pela dramaturgia do autor José Joaquim de Campos Leão Qorpo Santo (1829-1883). Tem como objetivo transcriar sua escritura, inventando uma biografia poética do escritor gaúcho, por meio da elaboração de uma dramaturgia audiovisual. Trata-se de um mosaico de referências e citações composto por fragmentos dos textos do próprio Qorpo Santo, das lembranças de algumas encenações de suas peças teatrais, de artigos jornalísticos e de alguns escritos de outros a...

  4. Integrated management of operations in Santos Basin: methodology applied to a new philosophy of operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Leandro Leonardo; Lima, Claudio Benevenuto de Campos [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Derenzi Neto, Dario [Accenture, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pinto, Vladimir Steffen [Soda IT, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lima, Gilson Brito Alves [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the methodology used to develop the Integrated Management of Operations (GIOp) project in Santos Basin Operational Unit (UO-BS) in the South-Southeast Exploration and Production area of PETROBRAS. The following text describes how the activities were carried out to gather improvements opportunities and to design To-Be processes, considering the challenging environment of the Santos Basin in the coming years. At the end of more than 12 months of work, more than 50 processes and sub-processes were redesigned, involving a multidisciplinary team in the areas of operations, maintenance, safety, health and environment, flow assurance, wells, reservoirs and planning. (author)

  5. Um Recorte do Cenário da Psicologia Organizacional no Espírito Santo.

    OpenAIRE

    F. M. Santos

    2013-01-01

    Esta pesquisa se propôs a investigar o olhar de onze psicólogos organizacionais do Estado do Espírito Santo acerca da Psicologia Organizacional Especificamente profissionais que trabalham em grandes organizações localizadas no Estado do Espírito Santo. De forma específica foi possível distinguir que quatro trabalham em indústrias, quatro trabalham em empresas de serviços e três trabalham em empresas de consultoria de recursos humanos. Utilizamos como proposta metodológica uma visão qualitativ...

  6. [The symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk: an incursion into the thinking of Boaventura de Sousa Santos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevalho, Gil; Stotz, Eduardo

    2012-09-01

    Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the concept of epidemiological risk is critically discussed. The work of Elizabeth Teixeira, who uses the ideas of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, is presented. The proposal for symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk is sketched out, defining analytical scales ranging from exteriority and distancing from the field of science to the proximity of territory and place, conceptualized on the basis of the geography of Milton Santos, in which conceptions of risk are drawn up from the perspective of the everyday routine of social existence. Questions relating to space, territoriality, subjectivity and time give meaning to a cartography of risk which is proposed as a model for epidemiological investigations.

  7. Magmatism, sedimentation and stratigraphy of the northern region of the Santos Basin; Magmatismo, sedimentacao e estratigrafia da porcao norte da Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Jobel Lourenco Pinheiro [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). E e P. Grupo de Interpretacao Exploratoria da Bacia de Santos], E-mail: jobel@petrobras.com.br; Esteves, Carlos Augusto; Rodrigues, Jose Joaquim Goncalves; Vasconcelos, Claudemir Severiano de

    2005-11-15

    The Santos Basin, passive margin basin, had its sedimentary history disrupted by intra and extra-basinal tectonic activity that took place during the Eocene and Santonian-Campanian. Many authors have identified these events; however this matter still deserves an integrated study including basement and basin areas. Recent Ar/Ar geochronological data from intrusive and extrusive rocks in the Santos basin have identified two events precisely at 82 {+-} 1 Ma and 48,9 Ma. Among the depositional sequences individualized from seismic and well data in the Santos Basin, the K90 depositional sequence - of Santonian- Campanian age - is the best example to investigate magmatism, sedimentation and stratigraphy. Substantial volcanic building, intrusive and extrusive rocks can be observed in this sequence and have a strong impact on in the mineralogical and sedimentary composition of the siliciclastic deposits (sandstones and shales). Subaerial and subaqueous volcanisms are well identified and its characteristics are described herein in terms of seismic facies, log facies and lithofacies. Siliciclastic depositional systems from the transgressive tract (shallow marine) and from lowstand (deep marine) of this sequence are lithic arkosean sandstones, composed mainly by quartz, Kfeldspar, plagioclase and fragments of igneous rocks. An intensive diagenetic chloritization, probably due to the presence of ferromagnesian minerals, has a strong impact on the reservoir quality. (author)

  8. Violence against women, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Franciele Marabotti Costa; Amorim, Maria Helena Costa; Wehrmeister, Fernando C; Gigante, Denise Petrucci

    2017-04-10

    To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women's family and life history was developed. The statistical analyzes used were Poisson regression, Fisher's exact test and Chi-square. The prevalence we observed were psychological 25.3% (95%CI 22.6-28.2); physical 9.9% (95%CI 8.1-11.9) and sexual 5.7% (95%CI 4.3-7.3). Psychological violence remained associated with education, marital status, maternal history of intimate partner violence, sexual violence in childhood and drug use, while physical assault was related to age, education, marital status and maternal history of intimate partner violence. Sexual violence occurred the most among women with low income, and victims of sexual violence in childhood. Psychological, physical and sexual violence showed highly frequency among women assisted by primary care services. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors, personal experiences, and maternal violence influence the phenomenon. Estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados às violências psicológica, física e sexual nas mulheres vítimas de violência perpetrada pelo parceiro íntimo atendidas nos serviços de atenção primária. Estudo transversal, realizado em 26 unidades de saúde do município de Vitória, no Espírito Santo, de março a setembro de 2014. Foram entrevistadas 991 usuárias de 20 a 59 anos. Para classificar as violências psicológica, física e sexual foi utilizado o instrumento da Organização Mundial de Sa

  9. Santos estuarine sediments, Brazil - metal and trace element assessment by neutron activation analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T., E-mail: ducamorim@yahoo.com.b, E-mail: defavaro@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP) Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Berbel, Glaucia; Braga, Elisabete S., E-mail: edsbraga@usp.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos nos Oceanos (LABNUT)

    2009-07-01

    The Santos estuary system is an intricate pattern of tidal channels and small rivers originating from the adjacent Pre-Cambrian slopes. These two major estuaries share a common area in the upper portion of the region which interacts with each other. The largest harbor in Latin America is located at the eastern outlet of the Santos estuary. This intricate and sensitive ecosystem is highly susceptible to human impact from industrial activities, urban sewage and polluted solid wastes disposal. Due to its high vulnerability CETESB (Environmental Control Agency of the Sao Paulo State) sporadically monitors the contamination levels of water, sediment and marine organisms in this region. The present study reports results concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirty two bottom sediment samples (SS0601 to SS0616 (summer) and SW0601 to SW0616 (winter) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao and Vicente de Carvalho, by a vanVeen sampler in the summer and winter of 2006. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values) and are adopted by CETESB. (author)

  10. Laurie R. Santos: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Laurie R. Santos for creative and insightful investigations of cognition across a broad range of species and psychological domains, illuminating cognitive…

  11. Cuantificaciones sociodemográficas de la Ciudad de Santo Domingo en el siglo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassá, Roberto

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The evolution and development of the city of Santo Domingo are analysed on the basis of three population censuses (1528, 1586 and 1606, Though all of them were imposed by the civil government, there is a lack of precision due to the fact that they follow different methodologies (possession of weapons, residence. As from 1528 the city of Santo Domingo loses the rank of first Spanish American capital. But despite the city's low demographic growth the oficios (crafts increase in number and there is also an increment of the social and economic power of the minorities.

    Siguiendo de cerca tres censos se analiza la evolución y desarrollo de la Ciudad de Santo Domingo. Estos recuentos de población (1528, 1586, 1606, aunque fueron todos ellos exigidos por la administración civil, tienen metodologías diferentes (posesión de armas, vecindario, lo que implica algunas imprecisiones. Desde 1528 la ciudad de Santo Domingo pierde su protagonismo de primera capital hispanoamericana, en beneficio de otras áreas. No obstante, a pesar de su escaso crecimiento demográfico, se multiplican los oficios y se radicaliza el poder (económico, social de las minorías.

  12. Source-rock evaluation of outcrop samples from Vanuatu (Malakula, Espiritu Santo, Maewo, and Pentecost)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchbinder, Binyamin; Halley, Robert B.

    1988-01-01

    Thirty-nine outcrop samples of mudstones, siltstones, and limestones were collected for source-rock evaluation of the sedimentary column in Vanuatu.  Twenty-nine samples showing the least evidence of oxidation were selected for total organic analysis from the Miocene Matanui Group and Port Sandwich Formation in Malakula, and from the Miocene Ilava, Peteao, and Pelapa Formations in Espiritu Santo.  

  13. Precedentes de la creación del Santo Oficio en el nuevo Reino de Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Lucena Salmoral

    1962-05-01

    Full Text Available La creación del Santo Tribunal de la Inquisición en el Nuevo Reino de Granada ha sido objeto de frecuentes polémicas entre los historiadores colombianos, ya que es un acontecimiento ante el cual difícilmente puede eludirse una posición favorable o detractora.

  14. Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu Stable Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1806 to 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Site: Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu, 15S, 167E. 173 year record of d18O and d13C. Variable names: QSR Age, QSR 13C, QSR 18O, GRL Age, GRL Qtrly 13C, GRL Qtrly 18O,...

  15. Laurie R. Santos: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Laurie R. Santos for creative and insightful investigations of cognition across a broad range of species and psychological domains, illuminating cognitive…

  16. El Santo Niño de Atocha: patrimonio y turismo religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Fernández Poncela

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una reflexión sobre el cruce de caminos entre patrimonio cultural y turismo religioso, con el estudio de caso de El Santo Niño de Atocha, Plateros, Fresnillo, Zacatecas, México.

  17. The regulatory aspects of bulk natural gas distribution market: the case of the Espirito Santo state, Brazil; Aspectos regulatorios do mercado de distribuicao de gas natural a granel: o caso do estado do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campos, Adriana Fiorotti; Moraes, Natalia Goncalvez de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (PPE/COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Planejamento Energetico; Carolino, Jaqueline [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), Vitoria, ES (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    This paper presents the regulatory aspects of the natural gas in Brazil, and particularly focusing the segment of distribution and also how the regulatory and institutional changes happened at the Espirito Santo state, Brazil.

  18. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla/Microfinance institutions and savings banks in the town of Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kristiano Raccanello; Gerardo Roldán-Bravo

    2014-01-01

    .... This paper, based on a sample drawn in the town of Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, Mexico), examines the participation of people in informal savings banks and their interaction with other informal financial intermediaries...

  19. Resultados preliminares sobre os teores de detergentes aniônicos na baía e estuário de Santos Preliminary results on anionic detergent contents in the bay and estuary of Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Valin da Silveira

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Os maiores níveis de detergentes foram obtidos no interior do Canal de Santos, em frente ao Canal 6 e na região do difusor do emissário submarino de esgostos de Santos. Há, assim, três fontes principais de detergentes para a região: a o complexo industrial de Cubatao - Sistema Billings; b a cidade de Santos (ligações clandestinas de esgotos, e c o emissário submarino. Os níveis de detergentes obtidos variaram de 0,11 a 0,97 ppm ABS.The highest level of detergents was obtained in the interior of the Santos Channely in front of Channel 6 and also in the vicinity of the Santos ocean outfall diffusor. There are thus three principal soucers of detergents in this region: a. the Cubatão industrial complex, and the Billings reservoir; b. the city of Santos (unauthorized sewage connections; c. the ocean outfall. Detergent levels obtained vary between 0.11 and 0.97 ppm ABS.

  20. Evaluation of the natural radioactivity at sands of anomalous regions of Espirito Santo state, Brazil; Avaliacao da radioatividade natural em areias de regioes anomalas do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquino, Reginaldo Ribeiro de; Pecequilo, Brigitte Roxana Soreanu, E-mail: raquino@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-10-26

    The natural radioactivity in sands of anomalous regions of the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were calculated from the concentration of activity of {sup 40}K, {sup 225}Ra and {sup 232}Th for the places of south and central of Camburi, Curva da Jurema, Ilha do Boi, Setibinha, south and central area of Praia da Areia Preta, denominated Black Spot. The samples were sealed and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry and after a expectation time pf 30 days, until to reach a radioactive equilibrium

  1. Macroalgas submareales de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México Submareal macroalgae of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Aguilar-Rosas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de identificar y caracterizar la composición de especies de la zona submareal de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México; se realizaron muestreos de macroalgas marinas bentónicas en 7 sitios durante 1995-2000. Como resultado de 25 buceos Scuba entre 3 y 33 m de profundidad se encontraron 150 especies de macroalgas para el área de estudio; 10 son Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta y 114 Rhodophyta. Del total, 47 son registros nuevos para el área de estudio y 2 de éstos, Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell y Minium parvum R.L. Moe, son nuevos para la flora marina del Pacífico de México. Se incluye una revisión de las investigaciones en las que se han considerado las macroalgas presentes en la bahía de Todos Santos y una discusión sobre la composición de las especies encontradas, su distribución vertical y reproducción, así como sobre las especies epífitas y parásitas del área.In order to identify and characterize the species composition of the subtidal zone of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico, benthic marine macroalgae were sampled at 7 sites from 1995 to 2000. As a result of 25 scuba at derds for the study area, of which Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell and R.L Moe Minium parvum are new to the marine flora of Pacific Mexico. We include a research that consider the macroalpths between 3 and 33 m we found a total of 150 species of macroalgae for the study area, of which 10 are Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta and 114 Rhodophyta; 47 species represent new recogae in the Todos Santos Bay and a discussion on the composition of species found, its vertical distribution and reproduction, particularly the species epiphytes and parasites present in the study area.

  2. Male-specific contributions to the Brazilian population of Espirito Santo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de F Figueiredo, Raquel; Ambrosio, Isabela B; Braganholi, Danilo F; Chemale, Gustavo; Martins, Joyce A; Gomes, Veronica; Gusmão, Leonor; Cicarelli, Regina M B

    2016-05-01

    Y chromosome markers have been widely studied due to their various applications in the fields of forensic and evolutionary genetics. In this study, 35 Y-SNPs and 17 Y-STRs were genotyped in 253 males from the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. A total of 18 haplogroups and 243 haplotypes were detected; the haplogroup and haplotype diversities were 0.7794 and 0.9997, respectively. Genetic distance analysis using the Y-STR data showed no statistically significant differences between Espirito Santo and other admixed populations from Brazil. The classification of paternal lineages based on haplogroups showed a predominant European contribution (85.88%), followed by African (11.37%) and Amerindian (2.75%) contributions.

  3. La Platica de Fray Domingo de Santo Tomás (1560

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La Platica adressée à tous les Indiens et la formule de la Confession Générale sont les deux seuls témoignages du prêche prétridentin en quechua qui survivent jusqu'à nos jours et ceci grâce à leur incorporation comme échantillons de la langue générale dans la grammaire et le Lexicon composés par Domingo de Santo Tomás et publiés à Valladolid en 1560. Dans cet article, nous étudions la variante de la Langue Générale, véhicule de la Platica, et le lexique religieux élaboré par les premiers missionnaires afin d'expliquer la foi chrétienne aux Indiens. La version normalisée du texte quechua est suivie d’une traduction française annotée. Des annexes reproduisent le texte quechua original avec les gloses espagnoles établies par Santo Tomás, le document espagnol qui a servi de modèle à l'élaboration du texte quechua et la transcription de la Confession Générale, sa reformulation en quechua normalisé et sa traduction française. LA PLATICA DE FRAY DOMINGO DE SANTO TOMÁS (1560 La Platica para todos los Indios y la fórmula de la confesión general son los únicos dos testimonios de la prédica pretridentina en quechua que se han conservado hasta el día de hoy y ello debido a su incorporación como muestras de la lengua general en la gramática y lexicón compuestos por Domingo de Santo Tomás y publicados en Valladolid en 1560. En este artículo estudiamos la variante de la lengua general utilizada en la Platica y el léxico religioso elaborado por los primeros misioneros para explicar la fe cristiana a los indios. Una traducción francesa comentada sigue a la versión normalizada del texto quechua. Los anexos reproducen el texto quechua original con las glosas castellanas establecidas por Santo Tomás, el documento en castellano que sirvió de modelo para la elaboración del texto quechua y la transcripción de la confesión general, sa reformulación en quechua normalizado y su traducción al francés. THE PLATICA

  4. Santo Tomás y los demás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rincón

    1988-10-01

    Full Text Available La filosofia del medioevo. VIII Coloquio de la Sociedad Colombiana de Filosofia. J.A. Díaz, J.P. Margot, A.L. Gómez, E. Lákatos, A. Cárdenas, G. Soto, D. Herrera, A. Papacchini, J. Zabalza. Biblioteca Colombiana de Filosofía, Universidad de Santo Tomás, Bogotá, 1987, 138 págs.

  5. La vida de Santo Domingo de Silos: onirocrítica y semántica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González, Javier Roberto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available We study the prophetic vision of Santo Domingo de Silos in Gonzalo de Berceo’s Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos, with the aim of: a analysing the text according to categories of prophecy, vision and dream in medieval christian culture; b analysing the configuration of oniric images as an allegorical discourse; c given the limits of allegorical semantics, interpreting those symbolic images characterized by prophetical obscuritas in the light of Grimaldus’ Vita Beati Dominici, source of Berceo’s Vida, and also in the light of medieval tradition of Other World visions and general chromatic an arithmetical symbolism, in order to establish semantic innovations and the proper meanning of Berceo’s text.Estudiamos la visión profética de Santo Domingo de Silos en la Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos de Gonzalo de Berceo, con el objeto de: a analizar el texto según las categorías de profecía, visión y sueño vigentes en la cultura cristiana medieval; b analizar la configuración de las imágenes oníricas como discurso alegórico; c dados los límites de la semántica alegórica, interpretar aquellas imágenes simbólicas caracterizadas por la obscuritas profética a la luz de la Vita Beati Dominici de Grimaldo, fuente de la Vida de Berceo, y también a la luz de la tradición medieval de las visiones de trasmundo y del simbolismo general cromático y aritmético, en orden al establecimiento de las innovaciones semánticas y con ellas del recto sentido del texto de Berceo.

  6. Teresa y Luis, Luis y Teresa. Dos santos en tiempos recios

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    Emilio Callado Estela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la relación entre dos grandes santos españoles de la Contrarreforma Católica, Teresa de Jesús y el dominico fray Luis Bertrán. The present article analyses the relation between two big Spanish saints of the Catholic Counterreformation, Teresa de Jesus and the Dominican monk Luis Bertrán.

  7. Señor Santo Niño Devotees' Lived Experiences in a Fluvial Parade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norly C. Ibones

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The study intended to divulge the Señor Santo Niño devotees’ lived experiences in a fluvial parade as a component of the celebration of Cebu City’s Sinulog Festival. This utilized a phenomenological studies design of the respondents’ narratives on their lived experiences in the Sinulog Fluvial Parade. A bracketing process was adapted to separate the researcher’s perspective from the respondents’ lived experiences. Fluvial Parade espoused a significant celebration in the lives of the many devotees of Señor Santo Niño. Emotional bliss and peace of mind are evident in their faces as they welcomed Señor Santo Niño in his coming through his short voyage. They come to witness this event as a means of taking part in the celebration, expressing their gratitude to all the blessings, good health and many opportunities they have received, self-commitment and strong devotion to the child Jesus Christ. Fluvial parade showcased the Cebuano faith and tradition i.e. uniquely animistic and ritualistic Filipino. Señor Santo Niño symbolized as the giver of strength and the source of support among the devotees. As a whole, fluvial parade epitomized love, peace and unity, which heaved the Cebuanos to unconditional faith, as loyal devotees of the Holy Child Jesus. It is recommended that organizers of the annual fluvial parade will retain the best features of the celebration and will continue to find better ways to improve or disseminate information for wider participation and preservation of this unique Cebuano Christian heritage.

  8. Santos e devotos no império ultramarino português

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Catão Cruz Santos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz uma história da coleção de vilancicos de São Gonçalo de Amarante, que integram a Coleção Barbosa Machado na Biblioteca Nacional do Rio de Janeiro e, simultaneamente, apresenta reflexões sobre a relação santo-devoto no Império Ultramarino Português no século XVIII. Os vilancicos são identificados como um gênero retórico poético que evoca o santo e uma prática religiosa que contrastava com outras. Parte-se de uma perspectiva comparativa entre os vilancicos e outras evidências sobre a relação santo-devoto e, em particular, sobre o santo e sua festa na sociedade colonial escravista. O artigo dialoga com a historiografia centrada na noção de Império e com uma bibliografia da História e das Ciências Sociais voltada para a relação santodevoto, a santidade e as festas.The paper produces a story of vilancicos for Saint Gonçalo do Amarante, that are part of the Rio de Janeiro National Library Barbosa Machado Collection and presents reflections on the relation saint-devotees in the Portuguese Overseas Empire during the 18th century. The vilancicos are identified as a rhetoric poetic genre that reminds the saint and a religious practice that contrasted with others. It starts from a comparative perspective between the vilancicos and other evidences about the relation saint-devotee, and in particular, about the saint and his feast in a colonial and proslavery society. The article deals with the historiography centered in the notion of Empire, and with a bibliography of History and Social Sciences pointed to the relation saint-devotee, the holiness and the feasts.

  9. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by The State School Santo Dias da Silva

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The State School Santo Dias da Silva receives students from the Fundamental and High-School cycles of the city of São Paulo, in the Interlagos Region, South Zone of the city. It counts with 500 students of the High-School cycle and 800 of the Fundamental cycle. The Virtual Visit to the ATLAS/CERN experiment is an excelent opportunity to motivate the students in the learning of science.

  10. Juan Caramuel y la probable arquitectura. Jorge Fernández-Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Saura, Yolanda

    2016-01-01

    Reseña del libro de Jorge Fernández-Santos Ortiz-Iribas, Juan Caramuel y la probable arquitectura. Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, Madrid, 2014, 592 págs., 114 ilustraciones en color. Analiza la aportación del libro en relación a la historiografía de la arquitectura barroca española.

  11. Cuidadoras de pacientes alcoolistas no município de Santos, SP, Brasil Cuidadoras de pacientes alcoholicos en el municipio de Santos, SP, Brasil Caregivers of alcohol addicted patients in the city of Santos, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizama Cabral Vasconcelos dos Santos

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo qualitativo é analisar o significado do alcoolismo para cuidadoras de pacientes dependentes de álcool. Foram realizadas observação etnográfica e entrevistas em profundidade com dez cuidadoras de pacientes alcoolistas em tratamento nos serviços de saúde mental de Santos. O estudo mostrou que as relações familiares eram instáveis e conflituosas. Houve dificuldade da família em reconhecer a dependência. O alcoolismo foi aceito como doença quando o paciente foi internado. O uso abusivo do álcool foi obscurecido pela valorização social do consumo e pelas relações de gênero desiguais. Houve um retraimento da sociabilidade das cuidadoras. As mulheres assumiram o cuidado e atuavam como organizadoras de um cotidiano instável e sofrido.El objetivo de este estudio cualitativo es analisar el significado del alcoholismo para las encargadas de pacientes dependientes del alcohol. Se realizaron observaciones etnográfica y entrevistas en detalles con diez encargadas de pacientes alcoholicos en tratamiento en los servicios de salud mental del Municipio de Santos. El estudio ha mostrado que las relaciones familiares eran inestables y conflictivas. Hubo dificultad por parte de la familia en reconocer la dependencia. El alcoholismo fue aceptado como enfermedad después que el paciente fue internado. El abuso del alcohol fue encubierto por la valorización social del consumo y por las relaciones de género desiguales. Hubo un recapacitación de la sociabilidad de las encargadas . Las mujeres asumieron el cuidado y actuaban como organizadoras de un día a día inestable y sufrido.The objective of this qualitative study is to assess the meaning of alcoholism to alcoholic's patient's caregivers. Fieldwork involved comprehensive ethnographic observation and in depth interviews with ten female caregivers of alcoholic patients undergoing treatment in health mental care in Santos. The study showed that family relationships were

  12. The price of the natural gas in the producing states: Espirito Santo case; O preco do gas natural nos estados produtores: caso Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cometi, Darcy Lannes

    2008-07-01

    The State of the Espirito Santo will become until the end of 2008, one of the main producers and natural gas exporters of Brazil, where, according to PETROBRAS, the State will produce about 20 million /day m{sup 3}, what it will go to contribute significantly for reduction of the dependence of the Bolivian gas, and still to give support to the natural gas sector in Brazil. The Intention of this work, is to identify proposals so that it has left of the gas produced in the State of the Espirito Santo, has a differentiated price. It does not make sensible the State to pay for the gas that is removed in its proper territory the same price that paid Sao Paulo for the gas that consumes imported of national Bolivia. With the markdown of the gas the State will be able to attract investments of great transport, to generate job and income and to advance in the question of the regional development that is of great importance for the developed cities less. Important to stand out that this study it will present proposals to try to sensitize PETROBRAS, initiating a quarrel on the subject. (author)

  13. Evaluation of mercury, selenium and methylmercury in fish consumed by Santos Bay communities, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farias, Luciana A.; Favaro, Deborah I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: lufarias@usp.br; Azevedo, Juliana de S.; Braga, Elisabete S. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos no Mar (LABNUT)]. E-mail: juliana@io.usp.br

    2005-07-01

    In the present study, mercury and selenium levels were evaluated in fish tissues and fish organs in the Santos Bay, Sao Paulo State, southeastern Brazil. Santos Bay waters are polluted by the large industrial complex of Cubatao. The estuary system filters part of this pollution before it reaches the Bay. Mercury and methylmercury determination were performed using Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CV-AAS) and selenium determination by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Methodology validation for the determination of these elements was carried out by means of reference materials analyses. There was no significant correlation between mercury and selenium concentrations (n = 17, (r2 ) R2 = 0.3482, p = 0.1709) in Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo)- Ariidae family and Centropomus sp. (robalo)- Centropomidae family livers. Mercury and methylmercury concentrations in muscle from carnivorous species: Ariidae Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo), Scianidae Steliffer rastifer (cangoa) and Scianidae Paralonchurus brasiliensis (maria-luiza) were determined and discussed. Total mercury concentration in Ariidae Catharops spixii livers presented the highest Hg level (7.6 mg kg-1). Although the Santos Bay is less contaminated than the inner section of its estuary system (Cubatao), it presents signs of environmental impact. (author)

  14. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo volta-se para os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígenafeita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentescontextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Parto dopressuposto, afirmado nos próprios hinos da doutrina, de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professore que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado eapreendido. Metodologicamente, resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo.Têm como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do SantoDaime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspirasenos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos deBoaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor.Dentre os principais saberes do daime destaco: saberes ecológicos-ambientais, cognitivos, estéticos,medicinais, e para a paz.

  15. Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

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    Fabiana Criste Massariol

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Ephemeroptera exhibits great diversity among bodies of freshwater in the Atlantic Forest, a biome that is suffering from massive human impact. Within this context, the creation of conservation units using biological information is more recommended than economic, cultural, or political criteria. The distribution pattern of 76 Ephemeroptera species was analyzed using the biogeographical methods Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and Network Analysis Method in order to infer relevant areas for conservation of the mayfly community in Espírito Santo. The results obtained from both analyses were largely congruent, and pointed out four relevant areas for conservation: two in the south of the state, where conservation units or priority areas for conservation are well established; and two in the north, a region in the state where little conservation efforts have been historically done. Therefore, based on our analyses on mayflies, we recommend the expansion of the existing APCs or the creation of new APCs on the north of Espírito Santo.

  16. Sociedad, epistemología y metodología en Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Alejandro Binimelis-Espinoza

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, especialmente su comprensión de las sociedades contemporáneas y los desafíos epistemológicos y metodológicos actuales. Mediante una revisión documental de su obra y aportes críticos de otros autores, se distingue su comprensión crítica y utópica de las sociedades actuales, y la necesidad de renovación de los procesos de construcción de conocimiento. Los aportes de este trabajo son, por una parte, integrar la crítica de Santos a la modernidad con su propuesta utópica, y su relación con las epistemologías del sur, la ecología de saberes y la traducción intercultural. Por otra parte, la identificación de estrategias concretas de generación de saberes desde una perspectiva intercultural. Las conclusiones están orientadas hacia una evaluación crítica de la discusión desarrollada con Santos, y su relevancia en el contexto de las ciencias sociales latinoamericanas.

  17. Modeling the dispersion of endocrine disruptors in the Santos Estuarine System (Sao Paulo State, Brazil

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    Giovana Teixeira Gimiliani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Estrogens are hormones responsible for growth and reproduction. They are naturally synthesized by animals and humans alike. Xenoestrogens are identical to natural hormones, but they are man-made and used as oral contraceptives. Xenoestrogens are a specific group of drugs found in domestic wastewater and some environmental matrices. These compounds remain after conventional sewage treatment and, consequently, affect both the environment and non-target aquatic organisms. In this study, we used the Delft3D hydrodynamic model to estimate the amount of both natural and synthetic estrogens that have been released in the Estuarine System of Santos and São Vicente and the Santos Bay. The data on flow from the sewage treatment plants and on average concentrations of natural and synthetic estrogens released in aquatic environments were obtained from the literature. The results of the modeling showed higher concentrations of estrogens in the estuarine waters of the Largo Pompeba region, the São Vicente Canal, and the Santos Bay, which are regions that receive greater inflows of domestic sewage. The results also suggest that higher concentrations of estrogenic compounds are expected to be found in areas with higher levels of salinity.

  18. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-01-01

    contextos culturales, como en la religión brasileña conocida como Santo Daime. Supongo, por lo que se afirma en los propios himnos de la doctrina, que el Daime (ayahuasca es un profesor y que en la religión se experimenta un proceso educativo donde un conjunto de saberes es distribuido y aprehendido. Metodológicamente, resulta de una búsqueda bibliográfica, documental y de campo. Tiene como fuentes la bibliografía sobre religiones ayahuasqueras, los libros de himnos del Santo Daime y la realización de entrevistas con participantes (daimistas de Brasil y otros países. Teóricamente se inspira en los estudios de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca de la educación como cultura y los escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringiendo este texto a la noción de saberes ecológicos y ambientales del autor. Entre los principales saberes del daime resalto: los saberes ecológicos y ambientales, cognitivos, estéticos, medicinales y para la paz.

  19. RELIGIÃO E EDUCAÇÃO: OS SABERES DA AYAHUASCA NO SANTO DAIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia Barbosa Albuquerque

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígena feita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentes contextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Metodologicamente, o artigo resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo. Tem como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do Santo Daime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspira-se nos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor. Parto do pressuposto de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professor e que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado e apreendido. Dentre os principais saberes do

  20. Complex intrasalt deformation in the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil: the role of density inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooley, Tim; Jackson, Chris; Jackson, Martin; Hudec, Mike; Rodriguez, Clara

    2016-04-01

    Understanding intrasalt structure may elucidate the fundamental kinematics and, ultimately, the mechanics of diapir growth. However, there have been relatively few studies of the internal structure of salt diapirs outside the mining industry because their cores are only partly exposed in the field and poorly imaged in seismic reflection data. 3D seismic reflection from the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil reveal enigmatic allochthonous salt sheets of older evaporites emplaced above an overlying stratified evaporite sequence. Seismic-stratigraphic observations form the basis for a kinematic model invoking: (i) initial inward flow and thickening of the lower mobile salt within the rising wall, and arching of stratified overburden; (ii) breaching of the overburden, ascent of mobile lower evaporites along single or multiple feeders, and emplacement of upper-wall sheets or canopies; and (iii) later diapir squeezing due to regional shortening. We designed and ran physical models to explain how and why these structures occur, and to provide a mechanical basis for our kinematic model. Our first two models simulated salt having uniform internal density, with walls growing by (i) initially symmetric differential loading; and (ii) initially symmetric differential loading plus shortening. These models reproduced anticlines and injection folds seen in the simpler deformed walls in the Santos Basin. However, neither model reproduced the most complex structures (e.g. allochthonous intrusions, steep feeders, recumbent synclines) seen within the Santos evaporites. Thus, we argue differential loading and shortening alone are insufficient to generate these complex structures. In our third model, a less-dense lower evaporite was overlain by denser upper evaporites, similar to the density structure found in Santos Basin wellbores. In this model the wall rose solely by differential loading, with the lower mobile unit breaching the overlying stratified evaporites to form vertical diapirs

  1. O Sindicato dos Estivadores do Porto de Santos e o processo de modernização portuária The Santos Stevedores' Union and the port modernization process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida Ferreira de Aguiar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma reflexão acerca do papel do Sindicato dos Estivadores da cidade de Santos no processo de modernização do porto. Aborda questões como a importância do porto no passado e no presente, a história do sindicato no decorrer do século XX, suas características, suas propostas e seu posicionamento em face da modernização portuária. Analisa a relação entre o processo de modernização do porto de Santos e o Sindicato de Estivadores, no contexto de um mundo globalizado, não só enfocando seu passado, mas, a partir dele, tentando compreender seu papel histórico na vida passada e presente do trabalhador portuário e na própria história do porto e da evolução socioeconômica da cidade de Santos. Este artigo é resultado de aproximação preliminar de pesquisas em desenvolvimento, cuja temática é a modernização do porto de Santos enfocando as transformações nas instituições e no trabalho ocorridas no processo.This article reflects on role played by the Santos Stevedores' Union in the process of modernization of the Port of Santos. It discusses some important issues, such as the former and current importance of the union's history during the 20th century, its characteristics, proposals and position concerning port modernization. It analyzes the relationship between the modernization process of the Port of Santos and the Stevedores' Union in the globalized world, not only focusing on the past but also, from this perspective, trying to understand its historical role in the past and present standard of living of the port workers, in the history of the port itself and in the history of the socioeconomic development of the city of Santos. This article is a preliminary result of surveys still in progress focusing on the modernization of the Port of Santos, especially the institutional and labor changes that occurred in this process.

  2. Os Sciaenidae (Teleostei: Perciformes da Baía de Santos (SP, Brasil Scianed fishes (Teleostel: Perciformes from Baía de Santos (SP, Brazil

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    Roberto Giannini

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available A fim de se determinar os padrões de distribuição e de repartição temporal e espacial das espécies de peixes da família Sciaenidae na Baía de Santos, foram efetuadas amostras mensais diurnas com arrastos de praia e de fundo, de março de 1985 a maio de 1986. O estudo foi baseado na comparação das variações espaciais e temporais da ocorrência e abundância e na análise da influência de parâmetros ambientais. Vinte espécies de cienídeos foram coletadas na região, todas ocorrendo nos arrastos de fundo e nove nos arrastos de praia. Dentre essas, Stelliferrastrifer, Isopisthus parvipinnis, Paralonchurus brasiliensis, Micropogonias fumieri, Stellifer brasiliensis, Menticirrhus americanus e Menticirrhus littoralis, estiveram presentes durante todo o período, contribuindo com mais de 90 % do total capturado na Baía de Santos e região de praias adjacentes. A coexistência dessas espécies foi possível devido à alternância das ocorrências e dos picos de abundância em função das épocas do ano, da área de amostragem e da variação da temperatura e salinidade da água. S. rastrifer ocorreu preferencialmente nos arrastos de fundo, no inverno, em águas frias e de profundidade e salinidade medianas e em todos os setores de amostragem. I. parvipinnis, P brasiliensis e S. brasiliensis ocorreram preferencialmente nos arrastos de fundo, no inverno, primavera e outono, respectivamente, em águas frias, profundas e mais salinas e nos setores mais externos. M. furnieri e M. americanus ocorreram nos arrastos de fundo e de praia e, preferencialmente, no verão, em águas quentes, rasas e menos salinas e nos setores mais internos. M. littoralis ocorreu preferencialmente nos arrastos de praia, no inverno, em águas frias e em todas as estações de amostragem.The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence and the spatial partitioning of the most abundant juvenile sciaenid fishes in the Bay of Santos, based upon the variability in

  3. A atualidade de Santo Agostinho: uma perspectiva teológico-pastoral

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    Luiz Antônio Pinheiro

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende abordar a atualidade de Santo Agostinho a partir de uma perspectiva teológico-pastoral. O pensamento e a espiritualidade de Santo Agostinho (354-430 sobreviveram na cultura ocidental como uma das contribuições mais vigorosas do Cristianismo e sua experiência de vida, bem como seu legado espiritual, filosófico e teológico trazem profundas intuições na busca de resposta às grandes questões dos homens e mulheres de todos os tempos. Sua conversão é um “evento hermenêutico” que se constitui como chave de leitura para a compreensão de sua vida e sua obra. Sua teologia foi-se construindo na sua experiência de pastor por mais de quarenta anos em Hipona (na atual Argélia, Norte da áfrica. Destaca-se aí sua contribuição como “pacificista”, com uma prática que foi tematizada tanto em suas obras formais como nas suas pregações e correspondência. A recente descoberta de novas cartas e sermões de Santo Agostinho revela um lado pouco conhecido do “Doctor Gratiae”. O aspecto político de seu pensamento, uma das abordagens mais atuais da pesquisa sobre suas obras, permite-nos uma aproximação ao tema da Campanha da Fraternidade de 2009, “Fraternidade e Segurança Pública”, lançada pela Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (CNBB.

  4. Gravity and Seismic Investigations of the Santo Domingo Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braile, L. W.; Ferguson, J. F.; Boucher, C.; Novitsky, C. G.; O'Shea, P. M.; Daves, J.; Marzen, R.; Mendoza, K.; Rasmussen, T.; Wei, W.; Baldridge, W. S.; Biehler, S.; Claytor, J. M.; Bischoff, S. H.; Ranasinghe, N. R.; Corredor, A.

    2014-12-01

    The SAGE (Summer of Applied Geophysical Experience) program collected new gravity, seismic, electromagnetic and down-hole temperature data in 2014 in the Santo Domingo Basin and adjacent areas of the Rio Grande Rift (RGR) area of northern New Mexico. The SAGE 2014 data collection was part of an integrated geophysical study of the area initiated in 2010 and adds data and interpretations to a W to E transect of the RGR. The transect includes previous SAGE seismic refraction and CMP reflection profiles recorded in 2010 and 2011, some industry seismic reflection data, and detailed gravity observations. Seismic data consisted of a 4.8 km NW to SE profile (120 three-component stations in four overlapping deployments, 20 m station spacing, using a Vibroseis source - 20 m spacing for reflection VPs; 800 m spacing for refraction VPs) along the Borrego Canyon road with both refraction and CMP reflection coverage. About 50,000 seismograms were recorded. The surface conditions (dry unconsolidated sediments) increased surface wave energy and limited the signal-to-noise level of reflection arrivals although some wide-angle reflections with two-way times as great as 1.8 s were visible. The refraction data were modeled with first arrival travel time methods and mainly helped identify the velocity and minimum thickness of the Tertiary Santa Fe group sedimentary rocks in the Santo Domingo Basin. Interpretation of the seismic and gravity data along the transect was aided by refraction velocities, the existence of a nearby regional seismic reflection profile from industry, and lithologies and well-logs from a deep well. Gravity modeling, with significant control on depths of interfaces and densities from the seismic and drill hole data, indicates that the Santo Domingo sedimentary basin has a total depth of about 6 km.

  5. Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrión-Paladines, Vinicio; Fries, Andreas; Gómez-Muñoz, Beatriz; García-Ruiz, Roberto

    2016-12-01

    Fruits of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) are used for essential oil extraction. The extraction process is very efficient, because up to 3% of the fresh fruits can be transformed into essential oil; however, a considerable amount of waste is concurrently produced (>97% of the fresh biomass). Recent developments in Ecuadorian policies to foster environmentally friendly agroforestry and industrial practices have led to widespread interest in reusing the waste. This study evaluated the application of four vermicomposts (VMs), which are produced from the waste of the Palo Santo fruit distillation in combination with other raw materials (kitchen leftovers, pig manure, goat manure, and King Grass), for agrochemical use and for carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) decomposition in two soils with different textures. The results showed that the vermicompost mixtures (VMM) were valuable for agricultural utilisation, because total N (min. 2.63%) was relatively high and the C/N ratio (max. 13.3), as well as the lignin (max. 3.8%) and polyphenol (max. 1.6%) contents were low. In addition, N availability increased for both soil types after the application of the VMM. In contrast, N became immobile during decomposition if the VM of the pure waste was added. This likely occurred because of the relatively low total N (1.16%) content and high C/N ratio (35.0). However, the comparatively low C decomposition of this VM type makes its application highly recommendable as a strategy to increase the levels of organic matter and C, as well as for soil reclamation. Overall, these results suggest that the residues of the Palo Santo essential oil extraction are a potential source for vermicompost production and sustainable agriculture.

  6. The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, André; Oliveira, Rodrigo Elias; Bernardo, Danilo V.; Salazar-García, Domingo C.; Talamo, Sahra; Jaouen, Klervia; Hubbe, Mark; Black, Sue; Wilkinson, Caroline; Richards, Michael Phillip; Araujo, Astolfo G. M.; Kipnis, Renato; Neves, Walter Alves

    2015-01-01

    We present here evidence for an early Holocene case of decapitation in the New World (Burial 26), found in the rock shelter of Lapa do Santo in 2007. Lapa do Santo is an archaeological site located in the Lagoa Santa karst in east-central Brazil with evidence of human occupation dating as far back as 11.7–12.7 cal kyBP (95.4% interval). An ultra-filtered AMS age determination on a fragment of the sphenoid provided an age range of 9.1–9.4 cal kyBP (95.4% interval) for Burial 26. The interment was composed of an articulated cranium, mandible and first six cervical vertebrae. Cut marks with a v-shaped profile were observed in the mandible and sixth cervical vertebra. The right hand was amputated and laid over the left side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the chin and the left hand was amputated and laid over the right side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the forehead. Strontium analysis comparing Burial 26’s isotopic signature to other specimens from Lapa do Santo suggests this was a local member of the group. Therefore, we suggest a ritualized decapitation instead of trophy-taking, testifying for the sophistication of mortuary rituals among hunter-gatherers in the Americas during the early Archaic period. In the apparent absence of wealth goods or elaborated architecture, Lapa do Santo’s inhabitants seemed to use the human body to express their cosmological principles regarding death. PMID:26397983

  7. Santos, Jardins da Orla - referência urbana para a comunidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Kalassa El Banat

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho faz parte do Projeto Portocidade, da Universidade Santa Cecília, uma reflexão sobre a história do desenvolvimento de Santos e uma análise sobre suas perspectivas futuras. A área correspondente aos jardins da orla de Santos, um arco com cerca de 6 km de extensão e uma largura de algumas dezenas de metros, foi objeto de disputas entre os proprietários dos terrenos fronteiriços à praia e o poder público, durante as primeiras décadas do século 20, até que, a partir dos anos 30, teve início a construção de gramados sobre a areia. Na década de 50 a relação que se estabeleceu entre a praia e as edificações que surgiram ao longo da orla, e o aumento da ocupação dessa parte da cidade promoveram mudanças importantes, incorporando definitivamente o jardim à paisagem santista. A partir dos anos 60, a forma de ocupação do jardim e sua caracterização passaram a ser dominantes no debate da comunidade, transformando os jardins da orla na mais marcante referência urbana de Santos. A alteração dos programas de necessidades, das funções e da própria concepção de paisagem, associada a uma crescente importância dada ao transporte individual, geraram conflitos que vêm definindo a maneira como a comunidade vê esse equipamento.

  8. Natural radioactivity in sand beaches of Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, Brazil: a comparative study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasconcelos, Danilo C.; Pereira, Claubia; Oliveira, Arno H.; Santos, Talita O.; Reis, Patricia L., E-mail: danilo@nuclear.ufmg.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia. Dept. de Engenharia Nuclear; Rocha, Zildete, E-mail: rochaz@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MH (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Using gamma ray spectrometry, the activity concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, and {sup 40}K was determined in sand beaches samples from different areas in Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, from Brazil. The absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were calculated and the results are compared with the internationally accepted values as well as others high background radiation areas (HBRAs).The activity concentration of the {sup 232}Th in Areia Preta as well as the absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were higher than the others regions compared. The results show that Areia Preta in Guarapari has higher background found in beaches in world. (author)

  9. Cytherellid species (Ostracoda) and their significance to the Late Quaternary events in the Santos Basin, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergue, C.T.; Coimbra, J.C.; Cronin, T. M.

    2007-01-01

    Four autochthonous cytherellid species (Cytherella serratula (BRADY, 1880), C. hermargentina WHATLEY et al. 1998, C. pleistocenica sp. nov. and C. santosensis sp. nov.) have been identified from two offshore cores (44 samples) within the Santos Basin. The distribution of these ostracodes is controlled by local hydrological conditions such as the temperature and, possibly, the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). However, these factors cannot explain completely the species occurrence in the analysed cores, and relative sea level changes and productivity variation driven by climatic changes are proposed as additional explanations for the faunal distribution pattern. ?? E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Na??gele u. Obermiller), 2007.

  10. El cuerpo sufriente como lugar de memoria en Fe en disfraz, de Mayra Santos-Febres

    OpenAIRE

    Valladares-Ruiz, Patricia; University of Cincinnati, Estados Unidos

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo propone una lectura detenida de la novela Fe en disfraz (2009), de Mayra Santos-Febres con el propósito de examinar el reciclaje de un pasado esclavista que denuncia tanto el proceso de erotización de las relaciones de dominación y sumisión, como la reproducción de estas dinámicas en las sociedades poscoloniales. En este contexto, el artículo explora las posibles subversiones de las dinámicas tradicionales de poder en las relaciones interraciales.

  11. La política exterior colombiana en la era de Santos

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Las actuaciones en el escenario internacional desde el comienzo de la administración de Santos han suscitado un debate alrededor de la existencia o no de una nueva estrategia en política exterior. Para algunos esta transformación ha significado un cambio con relación al gobierno anterior en términos de cooperación, no confrontación y diversificación, lo que ha sido resultado de una lectura que no se reduce a convertir la política exterior en un instrumento de la política interna, sino que ha ...

  12. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México), analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro...

  13. Body dissatisfaction, dieting and risk behaviors for eating disorders among mothers living in Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi; Patrícia da Rocha Pereira; Isis de Carvalho Stelmo; Ramiro Fernandez Unsain; Paula Andrea Martins; Priscila de Morais Sato

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate body dissatisfaction, dieting and risk behaviors for eating disorders among a sample of mothers living in the city of Santos. METHODS: It was conducted a cross-sectional population-based study with 453 mothers of children aged until 10 years old. The mothers answered to the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), the Stunkard's Figure Scale and a question about being currently dieting. RESULTS: 29.9% presented a positive score for risk behaviors for eating disorders and 21.8% w...

  14. Numerical diagnostic of the circulation in the Santos Bight with COROAS hydrographic data

    OpenAIRE

    Mauro Cirano; Edmo José Dias Campos

    1996-01-01

    This work represents part of the analyses of the data generated during the first two mesoscale hydrographic cruises of COROAS Project: one during the Summer and the other during the Winter of 1993. The area surveyed during these cruises is the region of the South Brazil Bight (or Santos Bight) limited at the coast by the cities of Ubatuba and Iguape, extending from the 50 m isobath to oceanic regions with depths greater than 2500 m. The main goal of this work consisted of the adaptation of th...

  15. Os sete graus de atividade da alma humana no De quantitate animae de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Ricardo Strefling

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A alma é, sem dúvida, um dos problemas que mais interessou a Santo Agostinho; ele a define como uma substância partícipe da razão adequada ao governo de um corpo. A alma não tem quantidade corporal, contudo, é uma coisa grande. Este estudo pretende refletir sobre os sete graus de atividade da alma, os quais o autor apresenta na sua obra De quantitate animae. São eles: a animação, a sensação, a arte, a virtude, a tranquilidade, o ingresso e a contemplação.

  16. Variables disclosing the processes of transformation of the countryside: the case of the Espirito Santo - Brazil

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    Patrícia Ferraz do Nascimento

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the occurrence of changes in the countryside, in Brazil, from the observation of variables such as type of job, income, family profile, access to consumer goods, services, and information and communication technology. There had been used exploratory analysis and logistic regression method, based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Amostra de Domicílios (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey - PNAD for the state of Espirito Santo. The study found that about 27.2% of individuals who had lived in the countryside report an urban profile, revealing that the urban lifestyle is encompassed not only in the city

  17. Los Santos Médicos del Campo de Cartagena. Religiosidad popular

    OpenAIRE

    López González, José

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo es una investigación acerca de los santos médicos san Cosme y san Damián en el Campo de Cartagena, está centrado en el estudio de la religiosidad popular. Se ha llevado a cabo un trabajo de campo con entrevistas personales e inspecciones in situ. Entre el material recopilado (archivos de imagen, sonido, vídeo, pintura, poesías, trovos, oraciones, bibliográfico…), se ha seleccionado lo más adecuado para esta publicación, que pretende ser el punto de partida de un estud...

  18. A new species of Leiostracus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicoidea from Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Rodrigo B. Salvador

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A remarkable new species of pulmonate land snail was found in the collection of the Senckenberg Forschungninstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt (Frankfurt am Main, Germany and is described here as Leiostracus faerie sp. nov. It can be easily identified by its small and translucent shell with fine axial light brown bands and its protoconch sculpture. It was collected in the Rio Doce ("Doce River" region in Espírito Santo, Brazil, an area known for a high diversity and endemicity of land snails. This discovery shows how little this fauna is known and reinforces the importance of museum collections in the study of biodiversity and conservation.

  19. El sueño de los justos (y de algún injusto) en la comedia de santos

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez Fernandez, Luis

    2006-01-01

    En la comedia de santos del Siglo de Oro encontramos a veces personajes que en lugar de rezar y arrepentirse de sus pecados se echan a dormir en un lugar apacible. Esta imagen del sueño placentero se puede relacionar con la pereza espiritual.; Étude sur le sommeil dans la comedia de santos espagnole du XVIIème siècle. Plusieurs personnages du théâtre hagiographique menant une mauvaise décident de dormir au lieu de prier pour leur salut. Je trace dans cet article les liens entre ce sommeil et ...

  20. De encuentros especulares, sueños y visiones en A demanda do Santo Graal gallegoportuguesa: algunas consideraciones

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    Contreras Martín, Antonio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analise the ‘specular encounters’, the dreams and the visions in A Demanda do Santo Graal, focusing especially on Erec, Galahad, Perceval and Elayne the White, and to offer an interpretation of these.El propósito del presente trabajo es el análisis de los ‘encuentros especulares’, los sueños y las visiones de A Demanda do Santo Graal, centrados, especialmente, en Erec, Galaz, Perceval y Helaín el Blanco, y ofrecer de ellos una interpretación.

  1. A 4D-variational ocean data assimilation application for Santos Basin, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha Fragoso, Mauricio; de Carvalho, Gabriel Vieira; Soares, Felipe Lobo Mendes; Faller, Daiane Gracieli; de Freitas Assad, Luiz Paulo; Toste, Raquel; Sancho, Lívia Maria Barbosa; Passos, Elisa Nóbrega; Böck, Carina Stefoni; Reis, Bruna; Landau, Luiz; Arango, Hernan G.; Moore, Andrew M.

    2016-03-01

    Aiming to achieve systematic ocean forecasting for the southeastern Brazilian coast, an incremental 4D-Var data assimilation system is applied to a regional ocean model focused mainly in the Santos Basin region. This implementation is performed within the scope of The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System (or Project Azul), a pilot project designed to collect oceanographic data with enough frequency and spatial coverage so to improve regional forecasts through data assimilation. The ocean modeling and data assimilation system of Project Azul is performed with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The observations used in the assimilation cycles include the following: 1-day gridded, 0.1° resolution SST from POES AVHRR; 1-day gridded, 0.3° composite of the MDT SSH from AVISO; and surface and subsurface hydrographic measurements of temperature and salinity collected with gliders and ARGO floats from Project Azul and from UK Met-Office EN3 project dataset. The assimilative model results are compared to forward model results and independent observations, both from remote sensing and in situ sources. The results clearly show that 4D-Var data assimilation leads to an improvement in the skill of ocean hindcast in the studied region.

  2. [Neurocysticercosis in the State of Espiríto Santo, Brazil: evaluation of 45 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chequer, R S; Vieira, V L

    1990-12-01

    We analyzed the clinical course, laboratory tests, evolution, and epidemiological features of 45 patients with the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NC) referred to Neurology Service of Hospital Cassiano Antonio Moraes, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, from January 1987 to January 1989. This study represents the first survey of that pathology in the State of Espirito Santo, and has led us to conclude that neurocysticercosis is endemic in this part of the country. The diagnosis was based on clinical features, CSF abnormalities proper to NC and cranial CT scans to search for cysts, calcifications and ventricular abnormalities. The diagnosis of NC was corroborated by the finding of at least two of these criteria. No statistical differences were found for sex and/or age distribution. Intracranial hypertension and epilepsy were among the most common clinical symptoms. The treatment was adequate to each patient, and varied from symptomatics to specifics. Praziquantel (PZQ), as well as surgery when indicated (ventricular-peritoneal shunt and/or cysts resection) were used. No statistical differences were found in the follow-up of the patients who were under PZQ alone and those who used PZQ plus steroids (associated). Surgery was of great benefit for those patients with intraventricular NC and severe intracranial hypertension. All patients were under close observation on periodical clinical visits during the time of this study, and we have demonstrated that neurocysticercosis is a strongly recurrent endemic pathology.

  3. The dynamics of internal tidal waves in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, during experiment FLOO-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filonov, A.; Lavin, M. F.; Ladah, L. B.; Tereshchenko, I.

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this work is to describe the characteristics of internal waves in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California (Mexico) from direct measurements made during the international experiment Fluxes Linking the Offshore with the Onshore (FLOO), which was held in August 2007. Time series of temperature and currents were obtained in the study area, placing several submerged moorings with chains of HOBO-V2 sensors and an ADCP. In addition, transects were made using a towed undulating CTD system and chains of thermographs which had a response time of 5 s. These measurements allowed the construction of the scenarios of generation, propagation and disintegration of the internal tide in the Bay. The internal tidal waves are generated by the barotropic tide at the edge of the continental shelf north of the Bay, have wavelengths ~9 km, are distributed in the form of an arc, and travel to the southeast with phase velocity ~20 cm/s . In shallow waters near the coast, tidal waves are refracted and quickly divide into groups of short nonlinear internal waves with amplitudes 15-20 m, periods 5-20 minutes, and wavelengths 50-200 m. Nonlinear internal waves play an important role in the dynamics of Todos Santos Bay, especially in the coastal zone. During partial or total destruction, vertical mixing and sudden changes of stratification take place. This affects the formation of the vertical structure of water density and ocean biological productivity.

  4. Religiosidad en Al-Andalus: el hombre santo en el Islam occidental

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    Rodríguez Mediano, Fernando

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Hagiographical literature in Western Islam is abundant from the 12th-13th centuries onward, and is tied to the introduction and expansión of sufism in al-Andalus and Morocco. In this paper I analyse three hagiographical texts from al-Andalus in order to understand how the authority of a holy man is constructed from two perspectives: fear of his miraculous power and love inspired in his followers. Through these two passions, love and fear, one can infer the existence of a political and religious pattern for authoritarian relationships in Western Islam.Los siglos XII y XIII son fundamentales para la expansión del sufismo en el Occidente musulmán y para la creación de una tradición hagiográfica puramente magrebí. En este artículo se utilizan tres textos hagiográficos andalusíes de esa época para analizar cómo se construye la autoridad del hombre santo desde una doble perspectiva: la del miedo a la acción del santo y la del amor que inspira. A través de estas pasiones se puede rastrear la existencia de un modelo de autoridad que es a la vez religioso y político.

  5. Ethno-malacological knowledge of bivalve mollusks gathering in Acupe mangrove, Santo Amaro, Bahia

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    Francisco José Bezerra Souto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The mangrove is a highly productive ecosystem that carries out important ecological functions and that historically it has been used for the subsistence and income of countless craft fishing communities. In the mangroves of Todos os Santos Bay, including those of the District of Acupe (Santo Amaro – Bahia State, the bivalve mollusks (shellfish are among the most important resources, and their gathering is known as “mariscagem”. This work aims to characterize the knowledge of the local female shellfish gatherers regarding the biology and ecology of bivalve shellfish. Semi-structured interviews were used with local shellfish women (N=54 involving ethnotaxonomy, trophic ecology, hydrodynamics, fenology and ethnocronology. Etic-emic analisys of the data was chosen in order to compare the information obtained in the field to that from the academic literature. The results demonstrated that the shellfish women of Acupe have a significant knowledge of bivalve shellfish, in addition to aspects related to the dynamics of local mangroves, that is sometimes compatible with academic knowledge.

  6. Introdução à proposta crítica de Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Marcelo Rodrigues Lemos

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem a proposta de debater a teoria crítica como alternativa analítica sociológica, partindo dos argumentos construídos pelo pesquisador português Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Em suas interpretações, o autor em questão caracteriza a contemporaneidade segundo parâmetros relativos a uma transição paradigmática, que coloca em xeque o paradigma da modernidade ocidental. A reflexão em torno de tal transição passa por novas epistemologias e teorias, como a teoria crítica, a qual deve tratar o real como um campo amplo de alternativas, pensadas para além do que está posto ou além do empiricamente dado. Assim, perante as desigualdades e dominações, para a proposta crítica de Santos, é preciso começar a criticar o próprio conhecimento, para avaliar um pensamento de alternativas e não uma alternativa de pensamento.

  7. Mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Patricia Lofego; Gonçalves, Carlos Sandoval; Pereira, Fausto Edmundo Lima

    2014-06-01

    To study mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, we reviewed death certificates (DC) from 2000-2010 and medical records of deceased patients with investigation of alcoholism and hepatitis B or C. From a total of 218,410 DC, 3,554 deaths from liver cirrhosis were retrieved. The annual mortality rate was 19.8/100,000 for men and 4.31/100,000 for women, without significant changes after correction for ICD-R98 and R99 and without a significant increase in the annual percentage change. In 49% of death certificates, the aetiology of cirrhosis was defined: of these alcoholism in 81.5% of cases and viral hepatitis in 15.7%. Aetiology was confirmed in 262 reviewed records, including alcoholism (40.5%); hepatitis B or C (26.7%); other (3.8%); and cryptogenic (10.6%). The mean annual potential years of life lost were 5,946 years and 1,739 years for men and women respectively. The mortality rate from cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State is intermediate in relationship to worldwide data; alcoholism and hepatitis B or C were the main aetiologies; probably alcoholism is overestimated and hepatitis B and C viruses are underestimated as causes of cirrhosis registered on death certificates.

  8. New or little known demosponges (Porifera from Espírito Santo coast and seamounts (Brazil

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    Eduardo Hajdu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Phorbas capixaba sp. nov. is described from 54 m depth off Guarapari, diagnosed by its two clear-cut categories of isochelae from Phorbas spp. known from the Western Tropical Atlantic. Four nomina nova are proposed for homonyms in Phorbas spp.: P. bergmontae nom. nov. for P. areolatus Bergquist & Fromont, 1988, preoccupied by P. areolatus (Thiele, 1905; P. burtoni nom. nov. for P. arborescens sensu (Burton, 1956, preoccupied by P. arborescens (Ridley, 1884; P. hechteli nom. nov. for P. ramosus (Hechtel, 1983, preoccupied by P. ramosus (Lendenfeld, 1888; in part - composite species; P. tanitai nom. nov. for P. purpureus (Tanita, 1961, preoccupied by P. purpureus (Carter, 1886. Three little known species are redescribed: Aplysina alcicornis Pinheiro et al., 2007; Mycale (Aegogropila escarlatei Hajdu et al., 1995 and Yucatania sphaeroidocladus (Hartman & Hubbard, 1999. All three are new records for Espírito Santo. The first and the last of these are range extensions, while the other fills a distribution gap. A list of sponges hitherto recorded from off Espírito Santo state, with indication of the bibliographic source of the record is given in appendix. In total, 118 species were compiled from 23 publications.

  9. Mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Lofego Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available To study mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, we reviewed death certificates (DC from 2000-2010 and medical records of deceased patients with investigation of alcoholism and hepatitis B or C. From a total of 218,410 DC, 3,554 deaths from liver cirrhosis were retrieved. The annual mortality rate was 19.8/100,000 for men and 4.31/100,000 for women, without significant changes after correction for ICD-R98 and R99 and without a significant increase in the annual percentage change. In 49% of death certificates, the aetiology of cirrhosis was defined: of these alcoholism in 81.5% of cases and viral hepatitis in 15.7%. Aetiology was confirmed in 262 reviewed records, including alcoholism (40.5%; hepatitis B or C (26.7%; other (3.8%; and cryptogenic (10.6%. The mean annual potential years of life lost were 5,946 years and 1,739 years for men and women respectively. The mortality rate from cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State is intermediate in relationship to worldwide data; alcoholism and hepatitis B or C were the main aetiologies; probably alcoholism is overestimated and hepatitis B and C viruses are underestimated as causes of cirrhosis registered on death certificates.

  10. Santo remedio o la lógica de la realidad

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    Sheila Pastor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia Santo remedio, novela publicada por el escritor uruguayo Rafael Courtoisie en 2006, desde la perspectiva de diferentes teorías sobre la posmodernidad (Lyotard, Jameson. Una vez establecido el marco teórico que nos aportará las claves esenciales para enriquecer su interpretación, nos centraremos en el análisis de la obra, poniendo especial énfasis en sus particularidades estructurales y formales, marcadas por la influencia de los géneros audiovisuales. Por último, se ilustrará su potencial simbólico para mostrar la lógica que rige el universo narrativo de Courtoisie, caracterizado por la violencia y la fragmentación. This article aims to study Santo Remedio, novel published by the Uruguayan writer Rafael Courtoisie in 2006, from the perspective of different theories of postmodernism (Lyotard, Jameson. Once we have the theoretical framework that will give us the essential keys to enrich the interpretation, we focus on the analysis of the work, with emphasis on structural and formal characteristics, marked by the influence of audiovisual genres. Finally, we will illustrate its symbolic potential to show the logic that governs the narrative universe of Courtoisie, characterized by violence and fragmentation.

  11. O conhecimento sobre morcegos (Chiroptera: Mammalia do estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil

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    Poliana Mendes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A Ordem Chiroptera apresenta importância relevante na dinâmica dos ecossistemas, sendo a ordem de mamíferos com maior diversidade de hábitos de vida. Dentre os estados da região Sudeste do Brasil, o Espírito Santo é um dos mais carentes em relação ao conhecimento de morcegos. Este estudo sintetizou o estado do conhecimento sobre quirópteros gerado no Espírito Santo. Para isso, foram catalogados os morcegos depositados no Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, no Laboratório de Estudos de Quirópteros da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario Museum (ROM, American Museum of Natural History (AMNH e University of Michigan Museum Zoology (UMMZ. Além disso, foi realizada uma busca por artigos publicados sobre morcegos do Espírito Santo. Foram revistos 49 artigos científicos, realizadas três teses de mestrado e 11 monografias. Considerando as coleções amostradas e artigos publicados totalizam-se 63 espécies de morcegos para o estado, provenientes de 37 dos 78 municípios do Espírito Santo. A maior riqueza de espécies de morcegos foi encontrada nos municípios de Linhares e Santa Teresa, o que é provavelmente reflexo da maior parte dos espécimes depositados nos museus também serem desses municípios. O Espírito Santo apresenta um grande potencial para se encontrar novas ocorrências de espécies, enfatizando a importância da realização de futuros estudos sobre morcegos no estado.The Order Chiroptera plays a vital role in ecosystem dynamics. Among the states of Southeastern Brazil, Espírito Santo State is the one with the least known bat fauna. This study reports on the current state of knowledge on Espírito Santo bats generating this data bank. We have catalogued the bats deposited in the Biology Museum Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, Laboratory of Bat Studies of the Federal University of Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario

  12. La orden de caballería del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén

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    Antonio MARTÍNEZ TEIXIDÓ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La orden del Santo Sepulcro nace en Jerusalén el año 1099, poco después de que fuera conquistada la ciudad por Godofredo de Bouillon durante la Primera Cruzada. Este caudillo borgoñón, tras ser aceptado como protector del Santo Sepulcro, organizó un servicio religioso con canónigos del clero regular, a cuyo frente nombró a un prior. Creó asimismo una guardia de honor con caballeros cruzados que prestaron voto de obediencia con el juramento de consagrar su vida a la defensa del Santo Sepulcro.La orden del Santo Sepulcro se distinguió por unir el carácter militar de sus caballeros con el religioso de sus canónigos. Los caballeros, bajo la obediencia del patriarca latino de Jerusalén, prior general de la orden, concretaron su organización durante el reinado de Balduino I (1100-1118.Tras la caída de Sanjuan de Acre (1291, los caballeros y canónigos de la orden se dispersaron por los reinos europeos que manteníano prioratos. El papa Inocencio VIII en el año 1489 incorporó la orden con todos sus bienes a los Hospitalarios de San Juan, pero siete años después el papa Alejandro VI anuló dicha decisión.A partir de entonces surgieron diversas iniciativas para revitalizar la orden, especialmente en el año 1558 en el que se ofreció a Felipe II de España el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden. La última tentativa se produce en 1818, al autoproclamarse Luis XVIII de Francia soberano y protector del Santo Sepulcro. En el año 1847, resurge la orden cuando el papa Pío IX restaura el Patriarcado Latino de Jerusalén y concede al patriarca el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden.ABSTRACT: In 1099, after the capture of Jerusalem, and the establishment of the Crusader Kingdom, there was a distinct corps of professed Knights dedicated to the defence of the newly won territory. Godfrey of Bouillon created an «honour guard» for the Holy Sepulchre. It was a unique combination of ecclesiastical and military elements closely related to free the Holy

  13. Le journal de José Santos Vargas (1814-1825. 2: deux manuscrits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available L’existence de deux manuscrits différents du Journal de José Santos Vargas conduit à s’interroger sur la véracité de l’auteur. La comparaison entre les deux textes incite à attribuer le premier à une rédaction très proche de la fin de la guerre, et le second à un travail de collecte et de réécriture qui s’est étalé sur près de 30 ans. Entre le premier et le second manuscrit, se manifeste le changement du projet d’écriture de l’auteur qui évolue d’une conception individuelle de l’œuvre à l’idée de faire du Journal le recueil de toutes les traces de la guerre conservées dans les Vallées, et de le transformer en mémoire patriotique d’un microcosme provincial. EL DIARIO DE JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: DOS MANUSCRITOS. La existencia de dos manuscritos distintos del Diario del guerrillero José Santos Vargas incita a dudar de la veracidad del autor. La comparación entre los dos textos permite atribuir al primero una redacción próxima al fin de la guerra, mientras el segundo resulta de un trabajo de recolección y de reescritura que duró cerca de treinta años. Entre el primer y el segundo manuscrito, se manifiesta un cambio de proyecto de escritura por parte del autor que evoluciona de una concepción individualista de la obra hacia la idea de transformar el Diario en el compendio de todas las huellas de la guerra que se habían conservado en los Valles, transformándole en memoria patriótica de un microcosmos provincial. THE DIARY OF JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: TWO MANUSCRIPTS. The existence of two different manuscripts of the guerilla leader José Santos Vargas's Diary raises doubts about the truthfulness of the author. After comparing the two texts, it is possible to situate the writing of the first version in the time just after the war and the second version during a thirty year period in which testimonies and information were collected, and then rewritten. A change in the writing project of

  14. La orden de caballería del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén

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    Antonio MARTÍNEZ TEIXIDÓ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La orden del Santo Sepulcro nace en Jerusalén el año 1099, poco después de que fuera conquistada la ciudad por Godofredo de Bouillon durante la Primera Cruzada. Este caudillo borgoñón, tras ser aceptado como protector del Santo Sepulcro, organizó un servicio religioso con canónigos del clero regular, a cuyo frente nombró a un prior. Creó asimismo una guardia de honor con caballeros cruzados que prestaron voto de obediencia con el juramento de consagrar su vida a la defensa del Santo Sepulcro.La orden del Santo Sepulcro se distinguió por unir el carácter militar de sus caballeros con el religioso de sus canónigos. Los caballeros, bajo la obediencia del patriarca latino de Jerusalén, prior general de la orden, concretaron su organización durante el reinado de Balduino I (1100-1118.Tras la caída de Sanjuan de Acre (1291, los caballeros y canónigos de la orden se dispersaron por los reinos europeos que manteníano prioratos. El papa Inocencio VIII en el año 1489 incorporó la orden con todos sus bienes a los Hospitalarios de San Juan, pero siete años después el papa Alejandro VI anuló dicha decisión.A partir de entonces surgieron diversas iniciativas para revitalizar la orden, especialmente en el año 1558 en el que se ofreció a Felipe II de España el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden. La última tentativa se produce en 1818, al autoproclamarse Luis XVIII de Francia soberano y protector del Santo Sepulcro. En el año 1847, resurge la orden cuando el papa Pío IX restaura el Patriarcado Latino de Jerusalén y concede al patriarca el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden.ABSTRACT: In 1099, after the capture of Jerusalem, and the establishment of the Crusader Kingdom, there was a distinct corps of professed Knights dedicated to the defence of the newly won territory. Godfrey of Bouillon created an «honour guard» for the Holy Sepulchre. It was a unique combination of ecclesiastical and military elements closely related to free the Holy

  15. Literatura y filosofía: Sartre, Martín-Santos y Bartleby

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    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Martín Santos has been, after his soon death, one of the most unfairly forgotten Spanish intellectuals. This situation happens to be even more unjust considering the success of his novel “Time of Silence” and his unfinished “Time of Destruction”. The works of this psychiatrist, philosophically formed in the existentialism tradition, tackle from psychiatric and medical studies to interpretations of Dilthey, Jaspers and Heidegger. Maybe the most important achievement made by Dr. Martín-Santos was the fact of pooling in his novels all the different fields he worked in, namely: existential philosophy, psychiatry and literature. This mutual influence leads to a clearly existential interpretation of the narrative subject and to a nihilist conception of freedom: the nothingness completely understood as Sartre did. And, consequently, the attractiveness of approaching the Spanish author through literary theories that are close to the French contemporary philosophy and the primacy, not only of the existential analysis in literature, but also of the influence of the literary character as a fiction that is able to create possible realities. That is why it is interesting to study “Bartleby the Scrivener” as a paradoxical example of the existential nothingness made flesh. To put it in a nutshell, the existential triviality, a sign of modern times, has been indeed very successfully portrayed by Martín-Santos.Luis Martín-Santos ha sido, tras su temprana muerte, uno de los grandes olvidados entre los intelectuales españoles del franquismo. Olvido especialmente injusto, teniendo en cuenta el éxito de su novela Tiempo de Silencio y su interesante proyecto inacabado Tiempo de Destrucción. La obra de este psiquiatra formado filosóficamente en el existencialismo abarca desde trabajos psiquiátricos relativos a la medicina hasta interpretaciones de Dilthey, Jaspers y Heidegger. Tal vez el mayor logro de Martín- Santos fuera el de aunar en sus

  16. Digital model of the seabed geomorphology of southern-central Espirito Santo basin and northern Campos basin; Modelo digital da geomorfologia do fundo oceanico do centro-sul da bacia do Espirito Santo e norte da bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreiner, Simone; Souza, Mariana Beatriz Ferraz Mendonca de; Migliorelli, Joana Paiva Robalo [Petroleo Brasileiro S. A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Servicos de Exploracao e Producao], Emails: schreiner@petrobras.com.br, mbfms.fototerra@petrobras.com.br, joanamigli.fototerra@petrobras.com.br

    2009-05-15

    That communication brings the result of a bathymetric mosaic of converted in a digital model of the ocean topography, consisting of 17 seismic projects 3D, besides 17 multibeam bathymetry surveys of South-Central Espirito Santo Basin and Northern Campos Basin.

  17. O "messias" negro? Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-1978: "Viva a nova monarquia brasileira; Viva Dom Pedro III !" The black "messiah"? Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-1978: "Hurrah to the new Brazilian monarchy; Hurrah to Dom Pedro III !"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrônio Domingues

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste artigo é fazer breves apontamentos acerca da biografia pessoal, política e intelectual de Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-78, uma das principais lideranças negras na primeira metade do século XX. Abordaremos centralmente seu ativismo político e postulados ideológicos à frente do movimento negro e monarquista, consubstanciado pela Frente Negra Brasileira (1931-37 e Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira (1932-37;1945-64, respectivamente. Para finalizar, ventilamos a hipótese de que Veiga dos Santos reifica a tradição de um setor da população negra brasileira manter, no período republicano, simpatia pela monarquia.The proposal of this article is to make briefs commentaries concerning the personal, politics and intellectual biography of Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-78, one of the main black leaderships in the first half of the 20th century. First, it is supposed to approach his political fight and ideological postulates in front of the black and monarchist movement, helped by the Frente Negra Brasileira (1931-37 and the Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira (1932-37;1945-64, respectively. Later, we ventilate the hypothesis that Veiga dos Santos quotes the tradition that part of the Brazilian black population seems to keep in the republican period, affection for the monarchy.

  18. Two new species of Leandra s.str. (Melastomataceae) from the Atlantic Forest in Espírito Santo, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reginato, M.; Goldenberg, R.

    2012-01-01

    Two species of Leandra that occur in the Atlantic Forest, in the state of Espírito Santo, eastern Brazil, are described and illustrated here. Leandra cristata has been found in the understory of montane rain forest, and can be recognized by the distinct nodal ridges on the young branches, by the

  19. Para un conocimiento alternativo de las alternativas. A propósito de Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Guadalupe Gandarilla Salgado

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de un análisis de la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, este artículo discute la pertinencia y las posibilidades de desarrollar un pensamiento alternativo a los modos de conocimiento social y político del mundo que se afirmaron como dominantes y hegemónicos en el marco de la modernidad occidental.

  20. Em memória: professor José Silvério Santos Diniz (1935-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Araújo Oliveira; Silva,Ana Cristina Simões e; Eleonora Moreira Lima; José Maria Penido Silva

    2011-01-01

    Em 23 de maio de 2011, faleceu o Professor José Silvério Santos Diniz, um dos expoentes da Nefrologia Pediátrica brasileira. Este editorial descreve de forma sumária a trajetória desse grande professor, médico e pesquisador de nosso País.

  1. Structural control of the basement in the central portion of the Santos Basin-Brazil; Controle estrutural do embasamento na porcao central da Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izeli, Maira G.B.; Morales, Norberto; Souza, Iata A. de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    New discoveries of oil in deep water and ultra-deep water in Santos Basin suggest that it needs to be studied to better understanding of basement structures and their role in the basin control and configuration. This study characterizes the main tectonic structures of a portion at the central area of this basin, looking for their relation to the geological basement framework. The study is based on the integration of the geological and geophysical data from subsurface (offshore) and surface of the adjacent continent. These analyses include the continental structures that continue in direction of this basin (Guapiara Lineament and Ponta Grossa Arc), checking their possible influence on the basin evolution and deformation. To achieve the proposed goals, the Precambrian basement lineaments were extracted from the offshore area using remote sensing, as result was obtained strong NW-SE structural trend. According to the interpretation of seismic sections, it is possible to observe that this portion of the basin presents main NE-SW structural trend, and most of the structures are typical of passive margin and halokintics process. It is possible to see that some recognized faults in the rift deposits may be coinciding with the main continental guidelines which are projected into the basin. (author)

  2. Iron oxides and monazite from sands of two beaches in Espirito Santo, Brazil; Oxidos de ferro e monazita de areias de praias do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Flavia dos Santos; Couceiro, Paulo Rogerio da Costa; Lopes, Ana Lucia; Fabris, Jose Domingos [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: jdfabris@ufmg.br

    2005-04-01

    Sand samples collected from two sampling sites on Guarapari and Iriri beaches, state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were studied in an attempt to better describe their chemical and mineralogical compositions and radioactive behaviors. The sands were found to contain about 6 (Guarapari) and 2 dag kg{sup -1} (Iriri) of rare earth and thorium that, if allocated to the monazite-(Ce) structure, lead to the averaged formulae Ce{sup 3+}{sub 0,494G}d{sup 3+}{sub 0,012}La{sup 3+}{sub 0,209}Nd{sup 3+}{sub 0,177}Pr{sup 3+}{sub 0,0=} 4{sub 0}Sm{sup 3+}{sub 0,024}Th{sup 4+}{sub 0,033} (PO{sub 4}) and Ce {sup 3+}{sub 0,474}La {sup 3+}{sub 0,227}Nd {sup 3+}{sub 0,190}Pr {sup 3+}{sub 0,044}Sm {sup 3+}{sub 0,032}Th{sup 4+}{sub 0,024} (PO{sub 4}). From Moessbauer spectroscopy data, the magnetic fractions of these sands were found to contain stoichiometric hematite (47.4 dag kg{sup -1}, from Guarapari, and 25.1 dag kg{sup -1}, from Iriri) and magnetite (44.1 and 58.8 dag kg{sup -1}). The specific {alpha} and {beta} radiation activities were also measured for both samples. (author)

  3. Risk and geological uncertainties in carbonate reservoirs in Santos Basin; Incertezas geologicas e risco em reservatorios carbonaticos na Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Makoto; Cortez, Marcella M.M. [Queiroz Galvao Perfuracoes S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mendes, Marcos Huber

    2004-07-01

    The Lower Albian in the south part of Santos Basin is composed mainly of oolitic calcarenites and calcilutites organized in shoaling upward cycles. The calcarenites from the top of the sequence constitute a package of reservoir zones and sub-zones with regional distribution along which are located mature, producing and development phase oil fields. In this work the main factors with major impact in reserves estimation are interpreted and quantified in a probabilistic approach giving support for the development plan phase of a field of the carbonatic trend. The regional stratigraphic and structural interpretations provided information about extension, external geometry, and continuity of the reservoir zones for reserves risk computation. The porosity probability density functions were defined according to stratigraphic position, seismic reflection pattern of calcarenites and also information from the discovery and the appraisal wells. The Decision Tree methodology with Monte Carlo Simulation was used to better understand the impact of geological uncertainties in reserves computation and also as a first step for risk management. The Monte Carlo simulation allows the Multivariate Sensibility and Scenario Analysis, Probabilistic Technical and Economic Evaluation and Optimal Portfolio Stochastic Simulation. (author)

  4. Instantaneous transport of salt, nutrients, suspended matter and chlorophyll-a in the tropical estuarine system of Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleyci A. O. Moser

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of the polluted São Vicente and Santos estuarine channels to the eutrophication of Santos bay was assessed through the quantification of instantaneous transport of salt, dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN and phosphate, organic and inorganic matter (OSM and ISM and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a, during dry (austral winter- August/ 1999 and rainy (austral summer- January/2000 seasons. Samplings were carried out during spring and neap tides, in flood and ebb phases, in two transversal sections at the mouths of the São Vicente and Santos channels. Instantaneous transport values generally indicated importation of salt to the estuarine channels, exportation of DIN to the bay, mainly as N-NH4, at a maximum rate of 1155.1 g s-1 during the rainy season; importation of phosphate during the dry season (maximum of 385 g s-1 and exportation of ISM, OSM and Chl-a during periods of greater freshwater discharge. These results demonstrate the great contribution made by the Santos and São Vicente estuaries to the eutrophication of Santos bay, especially in the rainy season.A contribuição dos canais estuarinos de Santos e São Vicente para a eutrofização da baía de Santos foi avaliada quantificando-se o transporte instantâneo de sal, fosfato e nitrogênio inorgânico dissolvido (NID, material em suspensão orgânico (MSO e inorgânico (MSI e clorofila-a, durante a estação seca (inverno austral- Agosto/1999 e chuvosa (verão austral- Janeiro/ 2000. As amostragens foram realizadas em períodos de sizígia e quadratura, durante as marés enchentes e vazantes, nas secções transversais das bocas dos canais de São Vicente e Santos. Os valores de transporte instantâneo obtidos durante o período de amostragem indicaram exportação de NID, principalmente sobre a forma de N-NH4 (valor máximo de 1155,1 g s-1 na estação chuvosa; importação de fosfato durante a estação seca (máximo de 385,6 g s-1 e exportação de MSI, MSO e clorofila-a em per

  5. THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF THE RECÔNCAVO LIKE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY IN THE INTRA-URBAN SPACE OF SANTO ANTÔNIO DE JESUS

    OpenAIRE

    Elissandro Trindade Santana; Shanti Nitya Marengo

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the consequences of building the campus of the University of Recôncavo (UFRB) in Santo Antonio de Jesus, Bahia. Thus, the relevant literature and iconographic material were used. Theoretically a multi-scale perspective was taken, examining the development of Santo Antonio de Jesus in the context of its region, the Recôncavo. It was demonstrated how Santo Antonio de Jesus has its evolution associated with this region. In parallel it was showed how a fragmenting hegemonic...

  6. Ascídias (Tnicata, Ascidiacea) do Espírito Santo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Gamba, Gustavo Antunes

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: De acordo com o banco de dados The World Register of Marine Species existem em torno de 2900 espécies de ascídias descritas. No Brasil, o conhecimento sobre a fauna desses animais é ainda insuficiente, com muitas espécies de ascídias ainda não conhecidas. Acredita-se que existam aproximadamente 130 espécies válidas no país, mas aproximadamente 100 estão atualmente registradas. O Espírito Santo é um dos vários estados brasileiros para o qual pouco se conhece a fauna desse táxon, pois o...

  7. Evaluation of intense rainfall parameters interpolation methods for the Espírito Santo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eduardo Macedo Pezzopane

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Intense rainfalls are often responsible for the occurrence of undesirable processes in agricultural and forest areas, such as surface runoff, soil erosion and flooding. The knowledge of intense rainfall spatial distribution is important to agricultural watershed management, soil conservation and to the design of hydraulic structures. The present paper evaluated methods of spatial interpolation of the intense rainfall parameters (“K”, “a”, “b” and “c” for the Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Were compared real intense rainfall rates with those calculated by the interpolated intense rainfall parameters, considering different durations and return periods. Inverse distance to the 5th power IPD5 was the spatial interpolation method with better performance to spatial interpolated intense rainfall parameters.

  8. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiano Raccanello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México, analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro informales y su interacción con otros intermediarios financieros informales. Los resultados del modelo probit indican que la participación responde a la posibilidad de poder ahorrar atrayendo a aquellos individuos que no utilizan tandas, prestamistas o deudas con familiares o amigos.

  9. Factors related to severe dengue during an epidemic in Vitoria, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Creuza Rachel Vicente

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The prognosis of dengue depends on early diagnosis and treatment, which can help prevent severe forms whose characteristics were evaluated here. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted involving dengue cases in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 2011. Results Two health regions registered 56.3% of 371 cases of severe dengue. Of these cases, 21.3% presented with dengue hemorrhagic fever. There were associations between dengue hemorrhagic fever with younger ages and a longer time before receiving care. Conclusions There was a greater involvement of dengue hemorrhagic fever in young people. Delay in care, poor urban quality and high endemicity were identified as possible risk factors for dengue severity.

  10. [The Hospital Real de Todos-os-Santos and its healing agents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Priscila Aquino

    2015-12-01

    The article explores the actions of king Dom João II (1481-1495), who spearheaded a major assistance reform in Portugal during the late fifteenth century, when charitable institutions were grappling with a serious crisis. The king and his queen, Dona Leonor, ordered two large, modern hospitals to be built, centralizing assistance work and cementing a new assistance model. Relying on chronicles and royal decrees from the period, the article focuses on the main hospital that was built then: Hospital Real de Todos-os-Santos, located in Lisbon. The king and queen also intervened heavily in the practice of health agents by regulating, overseeing, and inspecting the work of doctors and apothecaries.

  11. Shellfish from Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil: treat or threat?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Manuel M; Windmöller, Cláudia C; Hatje, Vanessa

    2011-10-01

    This study determined the concentrations of major and trace elements in shellfish (oysters, clams and mussels) and conducted an assessment of the health risks due to the consumption of contaminated seafood. Samples were collected at 34 sites along Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil. The elements were determined by ICP OES and Hg by Direct Mercury Analysis. Relatively high concentrations of trace elements (As, Zn, Se and Cu) were found in seafood tissues. Potential daily intake of As, Co, Se, Zn and Cu associated to shellfish consumption suggested relevant non-carcinogenic risk for all studied locations. Copper was the element that posed the greatest non-carcinogenic risk, while Pb posed the highest carcinogenic risk. Health risks for humans were greatest from the consumption of mussels. Contaminated shellfish offer the greatest risk for children, subsistence fishers and subsistence shellfish consumers. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Das Pommerische in Espírito Santo: ergebnisse und perspektiven einer soziolinguistischen studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beate Höhmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with aspects of language maintenance and measurement for language revitalization of Pomeranian in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, based on the sociolinguistic study by Höhmann (2011. Following the introduction, in which an overview of the research situation and the socio-demographic data is provided, the text presents quantitative data on language preference and intergenerational language transmission of the studied language community. In addition, the use of the minority language ​​in education and the resulting research desiderata are stated. The Pomeranian language revitalization project PROEPO and aspects of the latest standardization activities of the minority language are presented. Finally, perspectives for language preservation are discussed.

  13. Enrique Santos Discépolo o el arte de la inversión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce María Dalbosco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es abordar la presencia de lo grotesco y de sus códigos en la obra tanguera de Enrique Santos Discépolo. En ella hallamos algunos textos que invierten los tópicos de ciertos motivos estereotipados del tango, mecanismo que da lugar a auténticas acuarelas grotescas. En esta ocasión nos interesa descifrar los artilugios utilizados por el autor para producir tal efecto, con el fin de comprender, en última instancia, cuál es su concepción de lo grotesco. Atenderemos tanto a las composiciones que pertenecen a lo que la crítica ha denominado “vertiente grotesca” (Conde 2003, Gobello 2004 como a la presencia de rasgos o de recursos de lo grotesco presentes en otros tangos de su autoría.

  14. Two new species of Tornidae (Caenogastropoda, Rissooidea from Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Luiz Ricardo Simone

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of shallow water Tornidae are found in Espírito Santo state, Brazil, formally described herein. They belong to a complex group of tiny gastropods, in such the taxonomy is very confused. Cyclostremiscus mohicanus sp. n. is characterized by three well-developed spiral, equidistant carinas, working as base of three series of tall, aligned periostracal rods. Episcinia itanhuna sp. n. has as single sculpture a series of pustules in periphery, but the periostracum bears three series of peripheral fringes with irregular rods. The new species are compared with the allies, showing a close relation with Caribbean fauna, but possessing worthy differences. These similarities have raised misidentifications.

  15. MONITORAMENTO DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA NO MANANCIAL DO RIO SANTO ANASTÁCIO

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    Paulo Ponce Arroio Junior

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to characterize spatially and temporarily the Santo Anastacio River according to limnological factors, four sampling stations were established in the main course of the river. The limnological variables analyzed were pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, chlorine, iron, ammonia and phosphate, as well the hydrologic variables flow and speed. These limnological variables were synthesized through a principal components analysis (PCA, in order to determinate their spatial-temporal behavior. Exploratory analysis revealed a longitudinal organization of the sampling stations according to the level of environmental integrity of each station, showing a water quality decrease along the river’s course. The principal components analysis revealed yet a seasonal pattern of sampling dates, allowing differentiate dry and rainy periods.

  16. Confissoes da Bahía. Santo oficio da inquisicao de Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Rodríguez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Confissoes da Bahía. Santo Oficio da lnquisicao de Lisboa. organizado por Ronaldo Vainfas. Sao Paulo, Companhia das Letras, 1997. 362 páginas. Quien tome entre sus manos este libro de formato tan pequeño, propio de la colección Retratos de Brasil, jamás alcanzará a imaginar los relatos que contiene. El libro es, básicamente, un compendio de confesiones hechas ante el primer visitador inquisitorial al Brasil, el padre Heitor Furado de Mendonca. Luego de desembarcar en la ciudad de Bahía, el 9 de junio de 1591, que por entonces era conocida como Terra de Santa Cruz, el padre Furtado de Mendonca, ofreció un mes de gracia a quienes voluntariamente confesaran sus pecados contra la fe.  

  17. Boaventura de Sousa Santos: Hacia una sociología de las ausencias y las emergencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Tamayo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se exponen las ideas principales de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, extrapoladas de sus libros más representativos. Una breve introducción a su reflexión política y a su crítica sociológica; vale decir, se interpreta la razón estratégica y globlal del telos de la Modernidad; a la vez que, las alternativas interculturales de emancipación que permitan la decolonización de Occidente. Es obvio, el interés que suscita el pensador portugués, en estos momentos de crisis del neoliberalismo para las ciencias sociales y la filosofía latinoamericana.

  18. Luis Martín Santos est-il (vraiment) existentialiste ?

    OpenAIRE

    Capmartin, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    Luis Martín Santos a maintes fois réaffirmé son attachement moral et intellectuel, pour ne pas dire son admiration, à la figure de Jean-Paul Sartre. Mais n’y a-t-il pas comme une pétition de principe à en inférer que l’œuvre aussi, et au premier chef Tiempo de silencio, serait d’inspiration existentialiste, comme cela a été si souvent avancé ? Reposer le problème à neuf, à travers l’éclairage oblique que fournissent les textes peu considérés du psychiatre, telle est l’ambition élémentaire qui...

  19. La Leyenda de los santos: orígenes medievales e itinerario renacentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Aragüés Aldaz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This is an analysis of the trajectory of one of the two great families of our Medieval and Renaissance flos sanctorum. This family is formed of three works: the handwritten Compilación B (an abridged version of the Legenda aurea of Iacopo da Varazze, the Flos Sanctorum con sus ethimologías (an incunabulum of unknown date and printer and the Leyenda de los santos, a work that thrived with several editions published since the end of the 15th century until 1579. This article explores the relationship between these three works and also analyses the specific affiliation of their principal manuscript copies and editions, concluding with how the texts have evolved from these first manuscript versions to their later printed forms.

  20. Metal concentration in muscle of two species of flatfish from Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazilian coast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, M.L.F., E-mail: isaflaquer@usp.br [Oceanographic Institute, University of São Paulo, Praça do Oceanográfico 191, Cidade Universitária, CEP 05508-120 São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Dias, J.F.; Boufleur, L.A.; Santos, C.E.I. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, CP 15051, CEP 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Dias, J.F. [Oceanographic Institute, University of São Paulo, Praça do Oceanográfico 191, Cidade Universitária, CEP 05508-120 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate metals in muscles of two species of flatfish, using Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE). Specimens were caught monthly throughout the year 2005. Sampling was done at six points in the Santos Bay under different anthropogenic influences. Analysis of 56 samples of muscle showed detectable amounts of Al, As, Pb, Cu, Cr, Fe, Sr, Mn, Hg, Ni, Se and Zn. Except Cu, there were no correlations with the levels of sediment contamination by metals and those found in muscles. Moreover, there were significant differences between juveniles and adults concerning the concentration of Al, Mn and As. According to Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency, some elements detected in the samples of muscle were above of permitted by law for consumption: Hg and Pb (in samples from the internal area), As (from the west side) and Se and Cr (from east side of the bay)

  1. Butyltin speciation in sediments from Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia, Brazil by GC-PFPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Feitosa Felizzola

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Butyltin compounds were investigated in surface sediments from 17 stations in Todos os Santos Bay. Analytical conditions for organotin determination in marine sediments were optimized for GC with pulsed flame photometric detection. Detection limits were: 5.4 µg kg-1 for TBT; 0.2 µg kg-1 for DBT; and 2.1 µg kg-1 for MBT, using a 610-nm filter. In general, TBT concentrations were low and in the range of

  2. Confissoes da Bahía. Santo oficio da inquisicao de Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Rodríguez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Confissoes da Bahía. Santo Oficio da lnquisicao de Lisboa. organizado por Ronaldo Vainfas. Sao Paulo, Companhia das Letras, 1997. 362 páginas. Quien tome entre sus manos este libro de formato tan pequeño, propio de la colección Retratos de Brasil, jamás alcanzará a imaginar los relatos que contiene. El libro es, básicamente, un compendio de confesiones hechas ante el primer visitador inquisitorial al Brasil, el padre Heitor Furado de Mendonca. Luego de desembarcar en la ciudad de Bahía, el 9 de junio de 1591, que por entonces era conocida como Terra de Santa Cruz, el padre Furtado de Mendonca, ofreció un mes de gracia a quienes voluntariamente confesaran sus pecados contra la fe.

  3. Santos, zona de fronteira: mutações do Largo Marquês de Monte Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    José Maria de Macedo Filho

    2008-01-01

    A verificação dos processos de mutação do Largo Marquês de Monte Alegre, no bairro do Valongo em Santos e, sua conturbada relação com a faixa portuária e frente de água, são o objetivo desta pesquisa. Partindo da análise sistemática de seus elementos constitutivos: geográficos, arquitetônicos, infra-estruturais, urbanos e sociais, são delineados os fatores que determinaram sua construção, sua centralidade e, posteriormente, os fenômenos de degradação e esvaziamento funcional. Aplica-se o term...

  4. Noise is a Loaded Gun of Violence: Thunder and Agression in Santo remedio of Rafael Courtoisie

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    Borja Cano Vidal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to study the implications which shows the phenomenon of noise connected to the violent act in the novel Santo remedio (2006 of Rafael Courtoisie. From a literary perspective, one comes to diverse disciplines as the sociology or the art in search of the links that connect noise and violence in the contemporary society, specially in the postmodernism. Likewise, theoretical as Julia Kristeva or Michel Foucault complete a theoric map that claims of explaining the micropolitics carried out by the protagonist of the work, who ends up by infecting of abject bodies his building. The hypothesis of the paper resides in connecting the violent acts done by Paul Green, protagonist of the novel, with the constant submission of his body and mind to the noise, from every aspect.

  5. THE STRENGTH OF INTRANET IN CASES OF COMMUNICATION IN SANTOS PORT TERMINALS BUSINESS

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    Fernanda Barazal Duarte Vieira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an analysis of the process of internal communication and use of new media, focusing on the Intranet as a tool for work and development of intellectual capital. There were a theoretical review and an empirical study which sought to experience the process of internal communication. Cargo storage companies of the Port of Santos were selected as the universe of the research, which included interviews with those responsible for communication with their workforce. The potential of the intranet and collaborative tools as allies in the complex process of communication and development of people became apparent, as well as the benefits that new technologies have provided to the companies studied

  6. Gravity and Magnetotelluric Modeling of the Santo Domingo Basin, Northern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamudio, K. D.; Keithline, N.; Blum, C.; Cunningham, E.; Fromont, A.; Jorgensen, M.; Lee, R.; McBride, K.; Saez Berrios, P.; Harper, C.; Pellerin, L.; McPhee, D.; Ferguson, J. F.

    2015-12-01

    The Santo Domingo Basin, one of a series of basins within the Rio Grande Rift, is located between Santa Fe and Albuquerque, NM, and has been the focus of research by the Summer of Geophysical Experience (SAGE) program since 2000. Gravity, magnetotelluric (MT), and seismic data have been collected throughout the region, although we are concentrating on gravity and MT data collected during SAGE 2014 and 2015. The study area is located in the center of the Santo Domingo basin, an extensional, Miocene age, rift basin, in an area that was minimally involved in the preceding local Laramide orogenic activity. Rift sediments (~3.5 km thick) are underlain by Eocene age sediments that were shed from adjacent uplifts. Up to 3 km of Mesozoic and Paleozoic sediments are preserved above the Precambrian basement. Geologic outcrop, borehole and seismic reflection data, and known density values were used in the construction of a ~100 km-long, generalized geologic cross section from which a gravity response was calculated. The modeled gravity response makes fairly definitive predictions about the geometry of the basin as well as the stratigraphy and faulting within and bounding the basin. MT data was collected at ten stations within the basin. The MT sounding curves exhibit one-dimensional behavior at short periods (1000 ohm-m) at ~ 3.5-4 km. Conductivities of the major stratigraphic units have been determined from well logs and previous MT modeling. Forward and inverse MT models constrained by the gravity-modeled geologic cross section are used to develop a conductivity model consistent with the geology, and are a step towards a better unified treatment of MT, seismic and gravity data.

  7. Paleomagnetism of the Todos Santos Formation in the Maya Block, Chiapas, Mexico: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez-Urban, A.; Molina-Garza, R. S.; Iriondo, A.; Geissman, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Preliminary results of a paleomagnetic study on jurassic volcanic rocks (U-Pb 188.8 +/- 3.2Ma) locally interbedded with red beds assigned to the Todos Santos Formation, sampled in the Homoclinal Tectonic Province of the Neogene Fold Belt, Chiapas-Mexico, reveal multi component magnetizations acquired during pre- and post- folding of these rocks. The samples responded well to thermal demagnetization, but not so to AF demagnetization, suggesting that a high coercivity mineral phase like hematite is the main remanence carrier. The post-folding B-component direction of Dec=174.3 Inc=-30.6 (k=46; alpha95=13.6; N=4) represents a recent Tertiary? overprint; while the pre-folding C-component direction of Dec=329.9 Inc=7.8 (k=12.5; alpha95=16.3; N=8) is in agreement with a previously reported small data set for the Todos Santos Formation. When compared to the North American reference direction (Jurassic Kayenta Formation) the observed direction indicates a counterclockwise rotation of 35.9 +/- 16.6 degrees, and moderate north to south latitudinal displacement. If a reference pole from NE North America is used, the amount of counterclockwise rotation and latitudinal displacement are both slightly reduced. If the assumption that Jurassic strata in Chiapas reflect displacement of the Maya Block, then these data are consistent with reconstructions of the Maya Block in the Gulf of Mexico region. Other sites sampled in Jurassic strata suggest that in addition to the interpreted regional rotation, local (vertical-axis) rotations may have affected the region in more recent times.

  8. Spatiotemporal appraisal of TBT contamination and imposex along a tropical bay (Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artifon, Vanda; Castro, Ítalo Braga; Fillmann, Gilberto

    2016-08-01

    A spatiotemporal evaluation of butyltin contamination was performed between 2010 and 2012 along Todos os Santos Bay (Northeast Brazil) using surface sediments, bivalve tissues (Anomalocardia brasiliana and Mytella guyanensis), and imposex occurrence (Stramonita rustica). The spatial study detected high tributyltin (TBT) levels (maximum values of 262 ng Sn g (-1) - 21,833 ng Sn g(-1) of total organic carbon - for surface sediments and 421 ng Sn g(-1) for bivalve tissues) in the innermost part of the bay. The TBT levels detected in M. guyanensis tissues might cause human health risk since local population consumes these organisms. These high concentrations observed in the bivalves might result in ingestions higher than the safe limits established by European Food Safety Authority (250 ng TBT kg(-1) day(-1)). Considering the temporal evaluation, no difference (p > 0.05) was observed between TBT concentrations in sediments obtained during the two sampling campaigns (2010/2011 and 2012). However, the increasing predominance of TBT metabolites (butyltin degradation index (BDI) >1) in more recent sediments indicates further degradation of old TBT inputs. In spite of that, recent inputs are still evident at this region. Nevertheless, a reduction of imposex parameters in S. rustica over the last decade suggests an overall decline in the TBT contamination, at least in the outermost and possible less impacted region of the bay. The TBT contamination is probably reducing due to the national and international legislative restrictions on the use of TBT as antifouling biocide. The contamination levels, however, are still relevant especially in the inner part of Todos os Santos Bay since they are above those that are likely to cause toxicity to the biota.

  9. Mass media, espacio y tiempo en Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana Almada

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo que aquí se sintetiza es un primer acercamiento, desde la perspectiva de autores entre los que destaca Manuel Castells, a un proyecto mayor que pretende analizar e interpretar el proceso de transformaciones que ha venido sufriendo el pueblo de Todos Santos, Baja California Sur BCS, debido a la llegada de dos contingentes de inmigrantes: el primero, rocedente de Estados Unidos y Canadá, llegó a comprar las casas del centro del pueblo; algunos con la intención de quedarse e instalar negocios, principalmente de venta de Bienes Raíces, otros, para pasar allí la temporada otoño invierno; y el segundo, traído del interior del país, principalmente de Acayucan Veracruz y de Ocotepec Guerrero como jornaleros agrícolas por una compañía Sinaloense. Esta inmigración ha introducido a Todos Santos dentro de lo que Castells denomina como sociedad red, es decir, dentro de procesos sociales organizados, cada vez más, en torno a redes que constituyen las nuevas formas de organización social. En resumen, el presente trabajo aborda los efectos de la globalización en la transformación de un pueblo sudcaliforniano, a través de la llegada de los inmigrantes arriba mencionados y del uso de los medios de comunicación vía satélite.

  10. Risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fregona, Geisa; Cosme, Lorrayne Belique; Moreira, Cláudia Maria Marques; Bussular, José Luis; Dettoni, Valdério do Valle; Dalcolmo, Margareth Pretti; Zandonade, Eliana; Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia

    2017-04-27

    To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study of cases of tuberculosis tested for first-line drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, and streptomycin) in Espírito Santo between 2002 and 2012. We have used laboratory data and registration of cases of tuberculosis - from the Sistema Nacional de Agravos de Notificação and Sistema para Tratamentos Especiais de Tuberculose. Individuals have been classified as resistant and non-resistant and compared in relation to the sociodemographic, clinical, and epidemiological variables. Some variables have been included in a logistic regression model to establish the factors associated with resistance. In the study period, 1,669 individuals underwent anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing. Of these individuals, 10.6% showed resistance to any anti-tuberculosis drug. The rate of multidrug resistance observed, that is, to rifampicin and isoniazid, has been 5%. After multiple analysis, we have identified as independent factors associated with resistant tuberculosis: history of previous treatment of tuberculosis [recurrence (OR = 7.72; 95%CI 4.24-14.05) and re-entry after abandonment (OR = 3.91; 95%CI 1.81-8.43)], smoking (OR = 3.93; 95%CI 1.98-7.79), and positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis at the time of notification of the case (OR = 3.22; 95%CI 1.15-8.99). The partnership between tuberculosis control programs and health teams working in the network of Primary Health Care needs to be strengthened. This would allow the identification and monitoring of individuals with a history of previous treatment of tuberculosis and smoking. Moreover, the expansion of the offer of the culture of tuberculosis and anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing would provide greater diagnostic capacity for the resistant types in Espírito Santo. Analisar a prevalência e fatores associados à tuberculose resistente

  11. Disease: H01280 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 4) PMID:16134148 Vilarinho L, Cardoso ML, Gaspar P, Barbot C, Azevedo L, Diogo L, Santos M, Carrilho I, Fine...za I, Kok F, Chorao R, Alegria P, Martins E, Teixeira J, Cabral Fernandes H, Verhoeven NM, Salomons GS, Santo

  12. Registro sintético de uma vida: entrevista com Fábio Alves dos Santos (Synthetic record of a life - Interview with Fabio Alves dos Santos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Alves dos Santos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Fábio Alves dos Santos (1954-2013 cursou Pedagogia, Ciências Sociais e Teologia, era Especialista em Filosofia da Religião (PUC Minas, Advogado (PUC Minas e Mestre em Direito Constitucional (UFMG. Lecionou na PUC Minas como professor de Cultura Religiosa e depois como professor no Curso de Direito, atuando principalmente no Serviço de Assistência Judiciária – SAJ, especialmente cuidado de causas populares como as da ASMARE (Associação dos Catadores de Papel, Papelão e Material Reaproveitável de Belo Horizonte, da Pastoral de Rua, da Pastoral Carcerária, de movimentos de “Sem Casa”, de ocupações e tantos outros grupos. Sua primeira publicação foi “Começo de mundo novo: sofrimento, luta e vitória dos posseiros de Santana dos Frades”, Sergipe, numa versão popular em 1981 e outra pela Editora Vozes (1990. Fruto de sua dissertação de mestrado, Fábio publicou o livro “Direito Agrário: política fundiária no Brasil (1995. Em 2001 saiu seu último livro, uma coletânea de artigos publicados em diversos jornais: “Em defesa da vida”. Num artigo em Horizonte (2004, juntamente com o advogado, amigo e colega Prof. Cristiano de Melo Bastos, discutiu “A prática jurídica na missão da PUC Minas”. Fábio sofria de grave problema de visão há mais de 15 anos. Quase ficou cego depois de diversas cirurgias de miopia. Isso, porém, não o impedia de seguir seu constante compromisso com as lutas populares. Na última entrevista que concedeu, menos de um mês antes de sua morte (19 de outubro de 2013, depois de duro sofrimento de quase dois anos, no tratamento de um câncer no pâncreas, conta um pouco de sua vida, sua luta e sua percepção de várias realidades, especialmente da Igreja e da pastoral. Militante formado na Teologia da Libertação, de profunda espiritualidade, marcada por traços da religiosidade popular nordestina e comprometida com a libertação, Fábio Alves também buscou em sua vida abrir-se

  13. Comportamento de cultivares de alface americana em Santo Antônio do Amparo Evaluation of crisphead lettuce cultivars in Santo Antônio do Amparo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jony E. Yuri

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o comportamento de cultivares de alface do tipo americana em duas épocas de cultivo, foram conduzidos dois experimentos em Santo Antônio do Amparo (MG, de setembro a dezembro de 1998 e fevereiro a maio de 1999 em condições de túnel. Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos ao acaso com seis cultivares (Cassino; Legacy; Lucy Brown; Lorca; Lady e Raider e quatro repetições. As avaliações de massa fresca total e comercial, circunferência e comprimento do caule da cabeça comercial foram realizadas quando as plantas apresentaram cabeça bem formada e compacta. Na primeira época de plantio, sobressaíram-se na característica massa fresca total as cultivares Lady (820,4 g planta-1 e Lucy Brown (790,7 g planta-1 sem, contudo, diferirem da cultivar Lorca (626,6 g planta-1. Para massa fresca comercial destacaram-se as cultivares Lady (620,0 g planta-1 e Lucy Brown (559,3 g planta-1 com maiores rendimentos. A circunferência da cabeça comercial variou de 36,3 a 47,2 cm e o comprimento do caule de 3,3 a 4,5 cm. Para a segunda época de cultivo não observou-se diferenças significativas entre as cultivares para massa fresca total e comercial. No entanto, todas as cultivares apresentaram massa fresca comercial acima de 850 g planta-1. A circunferência da cabeça variou de 45,4 a 53,4 cm e o comprimento de caule de 3,7 a 4,9 cm. Maiores rendimentos em termos de massa fresca foram obtidos na segunda época de plantio.The behavior of crisphead lettuce cultivars at two planting periods was evaluated in two experiments carried in Santo Antônio do Amparo, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from September to December 1998 and February to May 1999, under a plastic tunnel conditions. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with six treatments (cv Cassino; Legacy; Lucy Brown; Lorca; Lady and Raider with four replications. The evaluations of total and marketable fresh weight, circumference and stem length of the marketable

  14. Análisis de la estrategia de campaña presidencial de Juan Manuel Santos, desde mayo de 2009 hasta junio de 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Ochoa Lozano, María Paula

    2011-01-01

    En el siguiente trabajo de grado se puede evidenciar la forma como se construye una estrategia de campaña electoral, tomando como ejemplo las elecciones presidenciales de 2010 en Colombia, particularmente el caso del candidato Juan Manuel Santos.

  15. Bell inequalities and linear entropy. Comment on the paper of E. Santos "Entropy inequalities and Bell inequalities fro two-qubit systems"

    CERN Document Server

    Jakobczyk, L

    2004-01-01

    It is shown that even if the linear entropy of mixed two-qubit state is not smaller then 0.457, Bell - CHSH inequalities can be violated. This contradicts the result obtained in the paper of E. Santos [1].

  16. Chelonians trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo); Monitoramento de encalhe de quelonios marinhos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G.; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M. [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A. [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the marine chelonians stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 159 chelonians stranded were registered. The species Chelonia mydas was prevailing in number and distribution. This species make use of this beach area to food. Lepidochelys olivacea was the second species in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Caretta caretta and Eretmochelys imbricata. There was only one reproductive register, of Caretta caretta species. (author)

  17. Cetaceans trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo) coasts; Monitoramento de encalhe de cetaceos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G.; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M. [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A. [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the cetaceans stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 15 cetaceans stranded were registered. The species Sotalia guianensis was prevailing in number and distribution. Megaptera novaeangliae was the second specie in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Tursiops truncatus and Peponocephala electra. (author)

  18. Primeiras observações sobre o Aedes Albopictus no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil First observations on Aedes albopictus in the State of Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim A. Ferreira Neto

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Observações realizadas no Estado do Espírito Santo mostraram que o Aedes albopictus, ao ser introduzido no Brasil, não modificou, significativamente, o seu comportamento. Os criadouros são os mesmos utilizados na Ásia e situados, de preferência, em áreas abertas. Os mosquitos adultos se abrigam em vegetação baixa e freqüentam pouco o domicílio.Observations performed at the State of Espirito Santo showed that Aedes albopictus did not change its behaviour to a significant extent after being introduced in Brazil. The breeding places are the same as those described in Asia and can be found more frequently in open areas. The adult mosquitoes rest in short vegetation and only sporadically penetrate into the human habitations.

  19. Identification of an impact structure in the Upper Cretaceous of the Santos Basin in 3D seismic reflection data; Identificacao de uma estrutura de impacto no Cretaceo Superior da Bacia de Santos em sismica de reflexao 3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, Gustavo Alberto [PETROBRAS, Santos, SP (Brazil). Exploracao e Producao. Interpretacao e Avaliacao das Bacias da Costa Sul Polo Sul]. E-mail: gustavoac@petrobras.com.br; Menezes, Jorge Rui Correa de; Bueno, Gilmar Vital

    2005-05-01

    This work presents the unpublished Praia Grande impact structure, located in the Santos basin, approximately 200 km southeast from the coastline of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The identification of this structure is based on the interpretation of three-dimensional seismic data, acquired and processed in 2004 for petroleum exploration in a PETROBRAS concession block in the Santos Basin. The main morphological elements imposed on Upper Cretaceous rocks are a structural high in the center of the crater, an adjacent ring syncline, and, externally, several concentric circular listric normal faults. The structure is apparently well preserved from erosion, measures around 20 km in diameter, is buried by 4 km of rocks and occurred in the Santonian (85,8-83,5 Ma). (author)

  20. Monetization non associated natural gas offshore reserve in the Espirito Santo Basin; Monetizacao de uma reserva 'offshore' de gas natural nao associado na Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelman, Jose Ricardo; Barbosa, Leonardo Alcantara [BG Group, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Cintra, Marcos Antonio Lins da Costa [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Brunet, Patricia Lima [Anadarko Exploracao e Producao Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Longo, Rafael Rodrigo [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper analyzes, from the perspective of a new player in the Brazilian market, the opportunities and the challenges to monetize a non-associated natural gas offshore resource, located in the Espirito Santo Basin. The fictitious exploration block 'BM-ES-07', located in shallow waters, near to the coast of Linhares, in Espirito Santo, was a hundred percent acquired, by an international independent oil and gas company during the fourth bid round of the ANP, occurred in 2002. With 10 (ten) billion cubic meters (m{sup 3}) of recoverable gas, the field will initiate its production in 2012, also producing condensate (C5+). The total investments are estimated (based in 2006 prices) in R$420 millions, including exploration, development and production costs. Considering the assumptions presented, the article describes the project development, presenting the economics results, and also discusses the alternatives for natural gas marketing. (author)

  1. Circulation in the deep canyon at the entrance to Todos Santos Bay, México, Is there a deep net outflow?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinone, S. G.; Mateos, E.

    2013-10-01

    A numerical model was used to investigate the deep circulation in a canyon of Todos Santos Bay, México. The deep canyon current at the entrance of Todos Santos Bay from a numerical model is compared with the annual averaged outflow from observations below 150 m. The model result suggests that this reported outflow is part of an anticyclonic eddy, but more studies are required, both from numerical models and from observations, to know the circulation in that area.

  2. Modelagem etnoecol?gica da percep??o de vulnerabilidades, riscos e impactos socioambientais em comunidades quilombolas da Ba?a de Todos os Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Andr?a Iridan dos

    2013-01-01

    Esta pesquisa foi desenvolvida nas comunidades Quilombolas de S?o Braz, em Santo Amaro, e na comunidade Salamina Putumuju, em Maragogipe, ambas localizadas no estado da Bahia,com o objetivo de elaborar modelos etnoecol?gicos que descrevam e reflitam como as popula??es quilombolas dessas comunidades percebem, avaliam e respondem aos impactos socioambientais, riscos e as vulnerabilidades existentes na Ba?a de Todos os Santos. Para isso foram realizadas 67 entrevistas semi-estruturas; observa??e...

  3. A cartografia simbólica do risco epidemiológico: uma incursão ao pensamento de Boaventura de Sousa Santos The symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk: an incursion into the thinking of Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Sevalho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Em uma abordagem interdisciplinar, discute-se criticamente o conceito de risco epidemiológico. Apresenta-se o trabalho de Elizabeth Teixeira, que utiliza as ideias de Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Esboça-se a proposta de uma cartografia simbólica do risco epidemiológico, definindo-se escalas analíticas que vão da exterioridade e do distanciamento do campo da ciência à proximidade do território e do lugar, conceituados a partir da geografia de Milton Santos, em que concepções de risco são elaboradas na perspectiva da cotidianidade da existência social. Questões relativas a espaço, territorialidade, subjetividade e tempo dão sentido à cartografia do risco proposta como modelo para investigações epidemiológicas.Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the concept of epidemiological risk is critically discussed. The work of Elizabeth Teixeira, who uses the ideas of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, is presented. The proposal for symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk is sketched out, defining analytical scales ranging from exteriority and distancing from the field of science to the proximity of territory and place, conceptualized on the basis of the geography of Milton Santos, in which conceptions of risk are drawn up from the perspective of the everyday routine of social existence. Questions relating to space, territoriality, subjectivity and time give meaning to a cartography of risk which is proposed as a model for epidemiological investigations.

  4. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of mini-basins and salt provinces of Espirito Santo Basin-Brazil; Analise da evolucao tectono sedimentar de mini-bacias e provincias de sal da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias; Fernandes, Flavio Luis [Petroleum Geoscience Technology Ltda. (PGT), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mohriak, Webster [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The Espirito Santo Basin integrates the group of basins along the eastern Brazilian continental margin. It is located between 18 deg and 21 deg S, encompassing an area of approximately 220,000 km{sup 2}, onshore and offshore the Espirito Santo State. Its geological limit with the Campos Basin to the south is defined by a Precambrian basement high (Vitoria Arch), and its northern limit with the Mucuri Basin is defined by a geopolitical limit. The study of salt tectonics processes in the Espirito Santo Basin allowed the deformational analysis and interpretation of the chronological evolution of the mini-basins developed between salt diapirs. We observe an intrinsic relationship between halokinesis and creation of subsidence troughs that may be important for trapping hydrocarbon reservoirs, and consequently form oil and gas accumulations in this portion of the basin. This geodynamics evolution of these structures is marked by a strong linkage between salt movement and coeval sedimentation in the interdomal basins, forming structures and stratigraphic traps that may constitute important aspects for the petroleum geology. (author)

  5. Analysis of the influence of the Colatina Belt in the Campos and Espirito Santo Basins-Brazil; Analise da influencia da Faixa Colatina nas Bacias de Campos e Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Gustavo Henrique Teixeira da; Simoes, Luiz Sergio Amarante; Souza, Iata Anderson de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    Recent discoveries in the Espirito Santo Basin confirm the importance of it in the national exploratory scenery (oil and gas production). The new fields like Carapo and Camarupim, beyond others, next to already known Golfinho and Canapu, totalize an addition of 560 million barrels. In this way, studies in the area add importance, as the case of the present research, where if it looked to analyze the influence of Colatina Belt in Espirito Santo Basin and secondarily in Campos Basin. The results had been gotten through the integration of diverse data, such as lineaments extracted from images SRTM, potential maps and analyze of seismic lines. It was concluded that the Colatina Belt if projects for the interior of the basins, but that the same one seems to be dislocated in relation to the direct projection of the continental features, being that its influence can be felt with bigger emphasis in the Campos Basin, while in the Espirito Santo it look like to have low importance with regard to the exploration aspects. Also it was verified the presence of numerous halo kinetic structures that affect all the mapped horizons, this element determine great importance in the generation of structural traps. (author)

  6. A contribuição de Milton Santos para os estudos de ecossistemas das mídias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio B. Josgrilberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo presentar posibles aportes del geógrafo brasileño Milton Santos al análisis de los ecosistemas de los medios. El texto busca dialogar con la tradición de los estudios comunicacionales conocidos como ecología de los medios, que es altamente influenciada por nombres como Marshall McLuhan, Neil Postman y Walter Ong. El artículo también se apoya en conceptos y metáforas retiradas de las ciencias de los ecosistemas, y concluye que el principal aporte de Santos al debate está en cómo él articula la cuestión del poder económico y técnico a su análisis del espacio geográfico haciendo uso de abordajes sistémicos y dialécticos.

  7. SANTOS - a two-dimensional finite element program for the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of solids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, C.M.

    1997-07-01

    SANTOS is a finite element program designed to compute the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of two-dimensional planar or axisymmetric solids. The code is derived from the transient dynamic code PRONTO 2D. The solution strategy used to compute the equilibrium states is based on a self-adaptive dynamic relaxation solution scheme, which is based on explicit central difference pseudo-time integration and artificial mass proportional damping. The element used in SANTOS is a uniform strain 4-node quadrilateral element with an hourglass control scheme to control the spurious deformation modes. Finite strain constitutive models for many common engineering materials are included. A robust master-slave contact algorithm for modeling sliding contact is implemented. An interface for coupling to an external code is also provided. 43 refs., 22 figs.

  8. Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carrión-Paladines, Vinicio; Fries, Andreas; Gomez Muñoz, Beatriz

    2016-01-01

    developments in Ecuadorian policies to foster environmentally friendly agroforestry and industrial practices have led to widespread interest in reusing the waste. This study evaluated the application of four vermicomposts (VMs), which are produced from the waste of the Palo Santo fruit distillation......, because total N (min. 2.63%) was relatively high and the C/N ratio (max. 13.3), as well as the lignin (max. 3.8%) and polyphenol (max. 1.6%) contents were low. In addition, N availability increased for both soil types after the application of the VMM. In contrast, N became immobile during decomposition......, as well as for soil reclamation. Overall, these results suggest that the residues of the Palo Santo essential oil extraction are a potential source for vermicompost production and sustainable agriculture....

  9. Una encrucijada incierta. Independentismo, anexionismo y abolición de la esclavitud en Santo Domingo, 1809-1821.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Belmonte Postigo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La reintegración de Santo Domingo a la Monarquía española tuvo serias dificultades que amenazaron el asentamiento del sistema colonial español. La compleja situación política de la península, y la extensión del movimiento insurgente en los territorios continentales, supusieron obstáculos que imposibilitaron la remisión de los recursos que Santo Domingo demandaba. En mitad del marasmo económico, el auge de las ideas independentistas cobró cada vez mayor relevancia, dando lugar a toda una serie de conspiraciones inspiradas en dos modelos, el caraqueño y el haitiano, que pretendían el establecimiento de un nuevo modelo político y que observaba de manera disímil el mantenimiento de la esclavitud.

  10. Reflexión Tomista: Santo Tomás de Aquino y la Psicología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Echeverría Gálvez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Asistimos con entusiasmo al nacimiento de la revista "Summa Psicológica", de la Escuela de Psicología de la Universidad Santo Tomás de Chile. Ya con su nombre esta publicación académica rinde un homenaje a la obra principal de Tomás de Aquino, la Summa Theologiae o Suma Teológica. Pero, más allá del nombre, sería interesante indagar cómo la vasta y honda obra de Santo Tomás puede iluminar hoy nuestras reflexiones en el área de la psicología moderna. Por cierto, la autoridad permanente e indiscutida de Tomás de Aquino es reconocida en los ámbitos más diversos, no sólo dentro del mundo cristiano.[...

  11. Structural change and diversi cation of agriculture, forestry and animal production in the Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edileuza Vital Galeano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This is paper analyzes the changes in the agriculture, animal production, and forestry in the Espírito Santo state between the years 2006 and 2014 concerning in the composition of the production value of this sector. The diversity index and structural change index were used. e results of the diversi cation index showed a improvement in the index, however, the structural index of change has indicated that the changes were still little signicant.

  12. Dieta de la lagartija de las playas Microlophus peruvianus (Reptilia: Tropiduridae en la playa Santo Domingo, Ica, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Quispitúpac

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La lagartija de las playas Microlophus peruvianus es uno de los saurios más conspicuos del Desierto Costero peruano, sin embargo, existe muy poca información sobre su dieta. Se reporta información de la dieta de M. peruvianus en la playa Santo Domingo, Ica, que evidencia importantes diferencias entre los principales item alimentarios de juveniles y adultos, que podrían estar reduciendo la competencia intraespecífica.

  13. PieSanto, empresa valenciana de calzado, reorienta su producto al nuevo consumidor "mujer sénior"

    OpenAIRE

    Marzo Rosello, Raquel; López Vicente, Mª Amparo; Gamón Sanz, Alejandro; Soriano Garcia, Carolina; GONZALEZ GARCIA, JUAN CARLOS; Solves Camallonga, Clara; SUCH PÉREZ, MARÍA JOSÉ; POVEDA PUENTE, RAKEL

    2011-01-01

    [EN] Not only elderly population has increased, but they have also changed their consumer profile in relation to the past. Over 25% of the sales of products and services of great consumption are focused to them. Something is changing into his habits of purchase, which turns them into a very attractive sector for the business world. Instituto de Biomecánica (IBV) has applied innovative methodologies of design oriented to the persons to the products of PieSanto, a co...

  14. Boaventura de Sousa Santos: une proposition du dialogue interculturel à l'époque de la mondialisation

    OpenAIRE

    Antoni Jesús Aguiló Bonet

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the definition of neoliberal globalization as globalized western localism,expression of a new type of cultural imperialism, the main aim of this paper is to make ananalytical exposition of the intercultural and interpolitical translation theory by Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Santos’s theory of intercultural translation is presented as a current proposal that seeks to address the ethnocentric risks neoliberal globalization involves for cultural diversity from a postcolonial and e...

  15. Sustainability of fishing activities in PiÃma county, off southern EspÃrito Santo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago Holanda Basilio

    2015-01-01

    This work presents the ecological, economic, technological, and social relations and management associated with fishing activities in the municipality of PiÃma, located on the southern coast of EspÃrito Santo. The work was undertaken from January 2012 to April 2015 by means of differing methodologies. The identification of geoecological units and the monitoring of fisheries were necessary. It was also necessary to record the oral history of professionals in the fishing sector o...

  16. Cadeia de valores: estudo de caso múltiplo em buffets infantis na cidade de Santos (SP)

    OpenAIRE

    Jardim, Ana Carolina; UNISANTOS; Varandas, Caroline dos Santos Pinto; UNISANTOS; Peres, Veronica Nogueira; UNISANTOS; Barros, Alexandre Silva de; UNISANTOS; Claro, Jose Alberto Carvalho dos Santos; UNIFESP - Universidade Federal de São Paulo; da Silva, Esther Lima de Oliveira; UNISANTOS

    2015-01-01

    The children's buffet business develops rapidly in the Brazilian society. The aim is to analyze, through multiple case study, three companies located in the city of Santos and observe how they achieve competitive advantage over the other, further their proposed value chain. The main result is perceived value activities which are the most used those which, somehow, are ignored by companies, then contributing to understanding how this market segment works. El negocio buffet infantil se desar...

  17. The royalties application on President Kennedy city, Espirito Santo, Brazil; A aplicacao dos royalties em Presidente Kennedy, ES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knaak, Fabricio Jose Bassetto; Cardia, Tarik Hajab [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil). Curso de Relacoes Internacionais

    2008-07-01

    This work aims to assemble a study of implementation of royalty in the municipality of President Kennedy - the state of Espirito Santo, showing the disparity between the collection of royalties on oil and quality of infrastructure that the city offers. Based on data the prefecture of the municipality, PNUD and competent bodies, we will show how the money is being used comes from royalties on oil, and what policies the city council's adopting this to apply this feature. (author)

  18. Convento del Santo Ecce-Homo síntesis histórica y esbozo analítico

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    Alberto Corradine

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Convento del Santo ECCE-HOMO, Síntesis histórica y esbozo-analítico/ Alberto Corradine. No. 6-7, 1971-1972; p. 57-68. El autor describe y analiza el estilo arquitectónico del ECCE-HOMO señalando especialmente la influencia del estilo mudejar venido de España en el siglo XVII. 

  19. Convento del santo ecce-homo síntesis histórica y esbozo analítico

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Corradine

    2012-01-01

    Convento del Santo ECCE-HOMO, Síntesis histórica y esbozo-analítico/ Alberto Corradine. No. 6-7, 1971-1972; p. 57-68. El autor describe y analiza el estilo arquitectónico del ECCE-HOMO señalando especialmente la influencia del estilo mudejar venido de España en el siglo XVII. 

  20. Numerical diagnostic of the circulation in the Santos Bight with COROAS hydrographic data

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    Mauro Cirano

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This work represents part of the analyses of the data generated during the first two mesoscale hydrographic cruises of COROAS Project: one during the Summer and the other during the Winter of 1993. The area surveyed during these cruises is the region of the South Brazil Bight (or Santos Bight limited at the coast by the cities of Ubatuba and Iguape, extending from the 50 m isobath to oceanic regions with depths greater than 2500 m. The main goal of this work consisted of the adaptation of the Princeton Ocean Model to the area of study, including realistic topography, observed thermohaline structure and open boundaries. Using this model, a set of diagnostic experiments was realized using density structures based on the COROAS hydrographic data. The baroclinic velocity fields obtained, as expected from preliminary analyses of the thermohaline structures, showed similar features for the Brazil Current in bOla seasonal cruises. The results show an intrusion of Tropical Water over the continental shelf in the region between Ubatuba and Santos, both during the Summer and the Winter cruises. The results also suggest the penetration of the South Atlantic Central Water, underneath the Tropical Water, to the external part of the continental shelf in both occasions.Este artigo representa parte das análises desenvolvidas com os dados hidrográficos coletados durante os dois primeiros cruzeiros do sub-projeto Hidrografia de Meso-escala (HM do Projeto COROAS: o primeiro no verão e o outro no inverno de 1993. A área amostrada nos dois cruzeiros é limitada na costa pelas cidades de Iguape e Ubatuba, estendendo-se da isóbata de 50 m até regiões oceânicas com mais de 2500 m de profundidade. O objetivo central deste trabalho resumiu-se na adaptação do Princeton Ocean Model para a região de estudo, incluindo batimetria real, os campos termohalinos observados e contornos abertos. Usando-se esse modelo, realizou-se um conjunto de experimentos diagn

  1. Las dos caras de una misma moneda. Reformismo y esclavitud en Santo Domingo a fines del periodo colonial

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    Belmonte Postigo, José Luis

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Bourbon reforms tried to increase slavery in the Spanish Caribbean. One of these projects was the creation of a new Legal Code pertaining to the relationship between owners and slaves, the Ordenanzas de Santo Domingo and, later, the Código Negro Carolino. These new laws were so far removed from pre-existing owner-slave customs and traditions in Santo Domingo that they were never were implemented.El proyecto reformista borbónico articuló una serie de medidas que pretendían el incremento del esclavismo en el área del Caribe. Una de estas medidas fue la creación de una normativa legal unitaria que estableciera de manera formal el marco de relaciones entre propietarios y esclavos. Su implementación fracasó, en buena medida, porque se alejaban del ámbito de las costumbres que habían regido las relaciones amo-esclavo en Santo Domingo durante buena parte del periodo colonial.

  2. Metal and trace element assessment of estuary sediments from Santos, Brazil, by neutron activation and atomic absorption techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mails: ducamorim@yahoo.com.br; defavaro@ipen.br; Berbel, Glaucia B.B.; Braga, Elisabete S. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos nos Oceanos - LABNUT]. E-mail: edsbraga@usp.br

    2007-07-01

    In order to better understanding geochemical and environmental processes and their possible changes due to anthropogenic activities trace metal analyses and their distribution in marine sediments are commonly undertaken. The present study reports result concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirteen bottom sediment samples (SV0501 to SV0513) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao, Vicente de Carvalho and Santos' Bay, in the summer of 2005. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). For total mercury determination cold vapor atomic absorption technique (CV AAS) was employed. In both cases methodology validation was performed by certified reference material analyses. The results obtained for multielemental concentrations in the sediment samples were compared with NASC (North American Shale Composite) values. The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr, Hg and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values). In general, the samples located near the Cubatao region showed higher concentrations for all elements analyzed probably due to the high impact of industrial activities. (author)

  3. Comment on "Possible source of ancient carbon in phytolith concentrates from harvested grasses" by G. M. Santos et al. (2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Sullivan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Santos et al. (2012 address the important issue that 14C dating of the carbon occluded in silica phytoliths (PhytOC isolated from contemporary plant materials can produce ages that are incompatible, being often several kyr older, with both their known recent origin and the 14C age of the bulk plant material. In their article, Santos et al. (2012 propose that the anomalously old 14C carbon dates of PhytOC from harvested plant materials are based on plants taking up "old" dissolved soil carbon to the plant by roots during nutrient uptake. They then propose that this old soil-derived carbon is subsequently partitioned from the general plant biomass into either the silica phytoliths they produce or as recalcitrant organic matter elsewhere in the plant. We suggest that the full data available for PhytOC 14C dating do not support this hypothesis. Santos et al. (2012 also address the important issue of contamination of PhytOC by general plant biomass material that can occur with procedures that incompletely extract phytoliths. Whilst we agree that such contamination needs to be avoided when examining the nature of PhytOC, we also point out that the converse problem, i.e. removal of PhytOC by over-vigorous extraction procedures, can also have important adverse consequences.

  4. Comment on "Possible source of ancient carbon in phytolith concentrates from harvested grasses" by G. M. Santos et al. (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, L. A.; Parr, J. F.

    2013-02-01

    Santos et al. (2012) address the important issue that 14C dating of the carbon occluded in silica phytoliths (PhytOC) isolated from contemporary plant materials can produce ages that are incompatible, being often several kyr older, with both their known recent origin and the 14C age of the bulk plant material. In their article, Santos et al. (2012) propose that the anomalously old 14C carbon dates of PhytOC from harvested plant materials are based on plants taking up "old" dissolved soil carbon to the plant by roots during nutrient uptake. They then propose that this old soil-derived carbon is subsequently partitioned from the general plant biomass into either the silica phytoliths they produce or as recalcitrant organic matter elsewhere in the plant. We suggest that the full data available for PhytOC 14C dating do not support this hypothesis. Santos et al. (2012) also address the important issue of contamination of PhytOC by general plant biomass material that can occur with procedures that incompletely extract phytoliths. Whilst we agree that such contamination needs to be avoided when examining the nature of PhytOC, we also point out that the converse problem, i.e. removal of PhytOC by over-vigorous extraction procedures, can also have important adverse consequences.

  5. Comment on: "Possible source of ancient carbon in phytolith concentrates from harvested grasses" by G. M. Santos et al. (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, L. A.; Parr, J. F.

    2012-10-01

    Santos et al. (2012) address the important issue that 14C dating of the carbon occluded in silica phytoliths (PhytOC) isolated from contemporary plant materials can produce ages that are incompatible, being often several kyr older, with both their known recent origin and the 14C age of the bulk plant material. In their article, Santos et al. (2012) propose that the anomalously old 14C carbon dates of PhytOC from harvested plant materials are based on plants taking up "old" dissolved soil carbon to the plant by roots during nutrient uptake. They then propose that this old soil-derived carbon is subsequently partitioned from the general plant biomass into either the silica phytoliths they produce, or as recalcitrant organic matter elsewhere in the plant. We suggest that the full data available for PhytOC 14C dating does not support this hypothesis. Santos et al. (2012) also address the important issue of contamination of PhytOC by general plant biomass material that can occur with procedures that incompletely extract phytoliths. Whilst we agree that such contamination needs to be avoided when examining the nature of PhytOC, we also point out that the converse problem, i.e. removal of PhytOC by over-vigorous extraction procedures, can also have important adverse consequences.

  6. Human sporotrichosis beyond the epidemic front reveals classical transmission types in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araujo, Mariceli L; Rodrigues, Anderson M; Fernandes, Geisa F; de Camargo, Zoilo P; de Hoog, G Sybren

    2015-08-01

    Sporotrichosis has emerged as the main subcutaneous mycosis of humans and animals around the world. With particular differences in frequency, the major species includes Sporothrix brasiliensis, S. schenckii, S. globosa and S. luriei. In Brazil, the main aspect of this epidemic is based on the zoonotic transmission through the scratches and bites of diseased cats contaminated with S. brasiliensis. Areas free of feline sporotrichosis are poorly characterised in Brazil. We investigated by molecular tools the epidemiology of human sporotrichosis in the Espírito Santo (ES) state, an area adjacent to Rio de Janeiro where is the epicentre of the long-lasting outbreak of cat-transmitted sporotrichosis. The human cases in the ES state reveal the prevalence of classical transmission types where subjects are mainly infected by accidental traumatic inoculation during manipulation of contaminated plant material. In agreement with an environmental source, Sporothrix schenckii was the major aetiological agent in the classical transmission. Unlike Rio de Janeiro, this study shows that cat-transmitted epidemic in Espírito Santo is still scanty, although the geographic proximity and similar climatic features. Sporothrix brasiliensis was the agent in the feline-transmitted cases. Sporothrix globosa was isolated from a patient with fixed cutaneous lesions that did not report any contact with diseased animals. In conclusion, beyond the borders of Rio de Janeiro epidemic, agents of sporotrichosis in Espírito Santo show a scattered occurrence with high species diversity.

  7. Comment on: "Possible source of ancient carbon in phytolith concentrates from harvested grasses" by G. M. Santos et al. (2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Sullivan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Santos et al. (2012 address the important issue that 14C dating of the carbon occluded in silica phytoliths (PhytOC isolated from contemporary plant materials can produce ages that are incompatible, being often several kyr older, with both their known recent origin and the 14C age of the bulk plant material. In their article, Santos et al. (2012 propose that the anomalously old 14C carbon dates of PhytOC from harvested plant materials are based on plants taking up "old" dissolved soil carbon to the plant by roots during nutrient uptake. They then propose that this old soil-derived carbon is subsequently partitioned from the general plant biomass into either the silica phytoliths they produce, or as recalcitrant organic matter elsewhere in the plant. We suggest that the full data available for PhytOC 14C dating does not support this hypothesis. Santos et al. (2012 also address the important issue of contamination of PhytOC by general plant biomass material that can occur with procedures that incompletely extract phytoliths. Whilst we agree that such contamination needs to be avoided when examining the nature of PhytOC, we also point out that the converse problem, i.e. removal of PhytOC by over-vigorous extraction procedures, can also have important adverse consequences.

  8. Automatic Estimation of the Seafloor Geomorphology of the Santos Basin, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calder, B. R.; Fonseca, L.; Francolin, J. B.

    2002-12-01

    The bathymetry and acoustic backscatter of Santos Basin, Brazil were mapped using a SeaBeam 2112 (12 kHz, 151 beam) Multibeam Echosounder (MBES) aboard the R/V Falcon Explorer. This MBES data was acquired from January-November, 2000, during a high-resolution multi-channel 3D seismic survey, resulting in 380 parallel lines of 90 km length, spaced 250 m apart. The final survey mapped an area of 5,000 km{}2 in water depths of 900--2000 m. These closely spaced multibeam tracks resulted in an average overlap between swaths of 1000%, thereby ensonifying most areas of the seafloor at least ten times. Traditional (hand) processing of a dataset this dense is time-consuming and tedious, and is prone to subjective decisions and operator fatigue. However, the density of the survey makes it ideal for automatic processing methods. Recently, we have developed an algorithm called CUBE that addresses the twin concerns of robustness and reliability that are often raised about automatic processing methods. Based on a very robust multiple hypothesis Bayesian estimator, CUBE processes MBES bathymetry directly into a set of gridded products representing the best estimate of probable depth, and a measure of the uncertainty associated with this estimate. We apply CUBE to the Santos Basin data, illustrating in terms of processing time and human effort the advantages of processing such data automatically. We compare the automatically generated data with a hand-processed set, showing that the results agree to within the estimated experimental uncertainty. We next illustrate the use of CUBE as a data quality measure, indicating areas of concern in the data. Finally, we utilize the bathymetric grid resulting from CUBE to investigate the seafloor morphology, which includes a set of linear depressions parallel and perpendicular to the Shelf break. These linear depressions are the surface expression of fault planes related to subsurface salt walls. In the shallowest part, the detailed bathymetry

  9. Well successfully drilled with high performance water-based fluid: Santos Basins, offshore Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fornasier, Frank C.; Luzardo, Juan P. [Halliburton Company, Houston, TX (United States); Bishnoi, M.L. [Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltda. (ONGC), Dehradun (India)

    2012-07-01

    Santos Basin is a 352,260 square kilometers (136,010 sq mi) offshore pre-salt basin. It is located in the South Atlantic Ocean, some 300 kilometers (190 mi) South East of Sao Paulo, Brazil. One of the largest Brazilian sedimentary basins, it is the site of several recent significant oil fields, including Tupi and Jupiter. The criteria for drilling fluid selection is based upon the following factors: maximum cost efficiency, environmental friendliness, optimum borehole stability, and ease of use. The recommended drilling fluid formulation takes into consideration the experience gained during the drilling of wells in the Santos Basin area. The operator wanted to use a high-performance water-based fluid (HPWBF) that could provide shale inhibition, wellbore stability, lubricity and improved rate of penetration (ROP) as an alternative to synthetic-based drilling fluids to present value in terms of economics and environmental friendliness. The HPWBF consists of three synergistic products: a hydration suppressant, a dispersion suppressant, and an accretion suppressant. The system is formulated based on customized solutions for managing the clay reactivity. High logistics costs require drilling fluids that can be prepared with sea water and discharged to the sea without environmental impact. The HPWBF is a clay-free system designed for maximum shale inhibition in highly reactive formations. The system can provide wellbore stability, high rates of penetration, and acceptable rheological properties over a wide range of temperatures, with the added benefit of allowing cuttings discharge based upon water base environmental restrictions. Since no oil is used in the formulation, the HPWBF eliminates the need for cuttings processing and monitoring equipment, and exceeds the environmental requirements by achieving an LC50 value of 345,478.22 ppm in comparison with the minimum requirement (LC50 > 30,000 ppm in 96 hr), permitting use and discharge to the sea. The HPWBF selected

  10. Ichthyoplankton distribution and abundance in the northern Todos os Santos and Camamu Bays, Bahia State - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Katsuragawa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence, distribution and abundance of ichthyoplankton in Todos os Santos and Camamu Bays were analyzed based on four samplings (winter 2003, summer 2003, winter 2004 and summer 2005. Samples were obtained by surface horizontal hauls, using a 200-µm mesh conical-cylinder plankton net. The distribution and abundance of eggs indicate a remarkable seasonal and annual variation of spawning activity in the region, especially when the two summer campaigns are compared. In summer 2003 the highest quantitative values were recorded, especially for Camamu, where the maximum reached 106.56 eggs.m-3, with an overall average of 43.46 eggs.m-3 for the two areas. In summer 2005 values were relatively low, the overall average being 3.49 eggs.m-3. The larval taxonomic composition is characterized by the predominance of gobiids, with small variation from summer to winter. Considering all the campaigns and samplings undertaken in both areas, larvae of 11 families were identified: Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Mugilidae, Atherinopsidae, Hemiramphidae, Syngnathidae, Blenniidae, Carangidae, Gobiidae, Achiridae and Tetraodontidae.O ictioplâncton coletado ao norte da baía de Todos os Santos e na baía de Camamu (Inverno 2003, Verão 2003, Inverno 2004 e Verão 2005 é analisado de forma comparativa. As amostras foram obtidas com redes de plâncton do tipo cônica-cilíndrica de 200 µm de malhagem, em arrastos horizontais de subsuperfície. Os resultados sobre a distribuição e abundância de ovos de peixes sugerem uma ampla variação sazonal e anual da desova. Entre os verões as diferenças foram especialmente visíveis, sendo observados no primeiro verão (dez/03 os maiores valores quantitativos do projeto (máximo = 106,56 ovos.m-3; média = 43,46 ovos.m-3, enquanto que no segundo verão (jan/05 os valores foram em geral baixos (média geral = 3,49 ovos.m-3. A composição taxonômica é caracterizada pela predominância de gobiídeos, com pequenas varia

  11. Determinants of health in seasonal migrants: coffee harvesters in Los Santos, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loría Bolaños, Rocío; Partanen, Timo; Berrocal, Milena; Alvárez, Benjamín; Córdoba, Leonel

    2008-01-01

    In the agroexport zone of Los Santos Zone in Costa Rica, coffee is harvested by migrant labor. Most migrants are from Panama and Nicaragua. We describe migrants' housing- and service-related health determinants, with analyses of ethnicity, nationality and geography. We used interviews, observation-based assessments, and the Geographic Information System to assess a population of 8,783 seasonal migrants and 1,099 temporary dwellings at a total of 520 farms during 2004-2005. We identified determinants of poor health including widespread deficiencies in the quality of grower-provided dwellings, geographical isolation, crowding, lack of radio and television, and deficient toilets and cooking facilities. The indigenous and non-Costa Ricans shared the poorest conditions. Reluctance to use mainstream public health services was widespread, especially among foreign and indigenous migrants and the geographically isolated. Post-study, researchers organized workshops for audiences including workers, coffee producers, public officials and service providers. Topics have included migration, preventive health and hygiene, and child labor. This work was successful in convincing Costa Rican social security authorities to implement reforms that improve access to and quality of health care for the migrants. Special projects on ergonomics, psychosocial health hazards, and water quality, as well as a literacy program, are ongoing.

  12. Mitochondrial DNA control region diversity in a population from Espirito Santo state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanches, Naiara M; Paneto, Greiciane G; Figueiredo, Raquel F; de Mello, Aline O; Cicarelli, Regina M B

    2014-10-01

    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis has proved to be useful for forensic identification, especially in cases which nuclear DNA markers fail, as in degraded samples or in cases where the biological material has few traces or no nuclear DNA. Moreover, it can be applied in population genetics, inferring the origin of a population. In this work, the entire mtDNA control region of 97 individuals from the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, was analyzed. We have found 94 different haplotypes yielding a high haplotype diversity of 0.9994 ± 0.0016. The probability of a random match calculated was 1.09. Haplogroup distribution analysis confirmed a highly admixed Latin American population: African lineages (43.3 %), European lineages (32.0 %), Native American lineages (23.7 %) and Asian lineages (1.0 %). We have concluded that this type of tool can be used both in forensic genetics to the study of different human populations, such as highly admixed populations, and in the study of migration's history and colonization of different states and countries of the world.

  13. Survey for Tick-Borne Zoonoses in the State of Espirito Santo, Southeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolidorio, Mariana G.; Labruna, Marcelo B.; Machado, Rosangela Z.; Moraes-Filho, Jonas; Zago, Augusto M.; Donatele, Dirlei M.; Pinheiro, Sônia R.; Silveira, Iara; Caliari, Késia M.; Yoshinari, Natalino H.

    2010-01-01

    Blood samples collected from 201 humans, 92 dogs, and 27 horses in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were tested by polymerase chain reaction, indirect immunofluorescence assays, and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for tick-borne diseases (rickettsiosis, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, borreliosis, babesiosis). Our results indicated that the surveyed counties are endemic for spotted fever group rickettsiosis because sera from 70 (34.8%) humans, 7 (7.6%) dogs, and 7 (25.9%) horses were reactive to at least one of the six Rickettsia species tested. Although there was evidence of ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis) and babesiosis (Babesia canis vogeli, Theileria equi) in domestic animals, no human was positive for babesiosis and only four individuals were serologically positive for E. canis. Borrelia burgdorferi-serologic reactive sera were rare among humans and horses, but encompassed 51% of the canine samples, suggesting that dogs and their ticks can be part of the epidemiological cycle of the causative agent of the Brazilian zoonosis, named Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome. PMID:20595502

  14. Variedades clonais de café Conilon para o Estado do Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bragança Scheilla Marina

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi selecionar e multiplicar clones de café Conilon (Coffea canephora Pierre ex Froehner para obtenção de variedades clonais mais produtivas e de melhor qualidade. Foram selecionadas 267 plantas matrizes cujos parâmetros de seleção foram: produtividade, incidência de ferrugem (Hemileia vastatrix Berk et Br. e mancha manteigosa (Colletotrichum sp., arquitetura e vigor das plantas, tamanho e época da maturação dos frutos. Os clones selecionados foram avaliados em quatro experimentos, na Fazenda Experimental de Marilândia, pertencente ao INCAPER, em Marilândia, ES. O ensaio foi instalado em Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo, no espaçamento de 3,5 m entre linhas e 1,5 m entre covas. Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições e seis plantas por parcela. Dos clones selecionados, numa primeira fase, foram lançadas as primeiras variedades clonais de café Conilon, para o Estado do Espírito Santo, denominadas EMCAPA 8111, EMCAPA 8121 e, EMCAPA 8131, de ciclo de maturação precoce, médio e tardio, respectivamente, e com produtividades média de quatro colheitas oscilando entre 58 e 60 sacas de 60 kg, superando em até 33% a produtividade da testemunha.

  15. Heavy metals in benthic organisms from Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amado-Filho, G M; Salgado, L T; Rebelo, M F; Rezende, C E; Karez, C S; Pfeiffer, W C

    2008-02-01

    The marine ecosystems of Todos os Santos Bay (TSB, The State of Bahia, Brazil) have been impacted by the presence on its coast of a large metropolitan area as well as of chemical and petrochemical activities. Despite its ecological importance, there is a lack of scientific information concerning metal contamination in TSB marine biota. Thus, we analyzed concentrations of metals in four species of marine benthic organisms (two seaweeds, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum sp. one seagrass, Halodule wrightii and one oyster, Crassostrea rhizophorae) in three sites from the TSB region that have been most affected by industrial activities. The concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophometry. The obtained data indicates that cadmium and copper in seaweeds, oysters and seagrass, as well as Ni concentrations in oysters, were in range of contaminated coastal areas. Cadmium and copper are available to organisms through suspended particles, dissolved fraction of water column and bottom sediment interstitial water. As oysters and other mollusks are used as food sources by the local population, the metal levels found in oysters in TSB may constitute a health risk for this population. Our results suggest implanting a heavy metals biomonitoring program in the TSB marine ecosystems.

  16. Heavy metals in benthic organisms from Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GM. Amado-Filho

    Full Text Available The marine ecosystems of Todos os Santos Bay (TSB, The State of Bahia, Brazil have been impacted by the presence on its coast of a large metropolitan area as well as of chemical and petrochemical activities. Despite its ecological importance, there is a lack of scientific information concerning metal contamination in TSB marine biota. Thus, we analyzed concentrations of metals in four species of marine benthic organisms (two seaweeds, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum sp. one seagrass, Halodule wrightii and one oyster, Crassostrea rhizophorae in three sites from the TSB region that have been most affected by industrial activities. The concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophometry. The obtained data indicates that cadmium and copper in seaweeds, oysters and seagrass, as well as Ni concentrations in oysters, were in range of contaminated coastal areas. Cadmium and copper are available to organisms through suspended particles, dissolved fraction of water column and bottom sediment interstitial water. As oysters and other mollusks are used as food sources by the local population, the metal levels found in oysters in TSB may constitute a health risk for this population. Our results suggest implanting a heavy metals biomonitoring program in the TSB marine ecosystems.

  17. En busca de universidad. Santo Domingo, México y Lima en el siglo XVI

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    Enrique González González

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo está centrado en el establecimiento de las primeras universidades en América. Analiza los casos de las tres primeras ciudades –Santo Domingo, Lima y México– en las cuales se implantó la institución. El texto describe los complejos procesos de creación institucional los cuales involucraron factores tales como la situación política, social y económica del lugar, el papel de las élites locales y, de manera especial, la actitud de la corona, que siempre se mostró renuente a desembolsar fondos para el establecimiento de las instituciones. Por lo mismo, si bien las cartas monárquicas o pontificias de creación de las universidades les daban fundamento legal, las condiciones específicas de cada ciudad o territorio fueron las que determinaron la consolidación o el fracaso de tales experimentos.

  18. Total petroleum hydrocarbons and trace metals in tropical estuary of Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celino, Joil Jose; Oliveira, Olivia Maria Cordeiro de; Queiroz, Antonio Fernando de Souza [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Trigueis, Jorge Alberto [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil); Garcia, Karina Santos [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    As part of the environmental assessment within Todos os Santos Bay, State of Bahia - Brazil, in summer of 2005, superficial water and sediments samples of the mangrove were collected at five locations to determine the spatial distribution of anthropogenic pollutants in the Dom Joao estuary at the Sao Francisco do Conde Region. Sandy sediments with low organic matter content dominate the studied area. Trace metal levels indicated that sediments were moderately polluted with Cu (overall mean: 21.48 +/- 4.76 {mu}g.g-1 dry sediment), but not with Pb (15 +/- 8), Zn (38 +/- 10), Cr (15 +/- 7), Ni (13 +/- 6) and Cd (0.4 +/- 0.2). Depending on location, total petroleum hydrocarbons ranged from 1.6 to 10.6 {mu}g.g-1. To discriminate pattern differences and similarities among samples, principal component analysis (PCA) was performed using a correlation matrix. PCA revealed the latent relationships among all the stations investigated and confirmed our analytical results. Principal components analysis confirmed two regions according to their environmental quality. The results pointed out that almost all the area presented some substances that can cause adverse biological effects, especially in the outermost region where some metals are above TEL level. (author)

  19. [Psychoactive substance use among Espírito Santo Federal University odontology students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Renata Frossard; Souza, Renata Santos de; Buaiz, Vitor; Siqueira, Marluce Miguel de

    2010-05-01

    The objective of this article is to trace the psychoactive substance use profile among odontology college students from the Espírito Santo Federal University Health Sciences Center. It is an explorative, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study developed with first to last year college students of the odontology course. The instrument used for data collection was an adaptation of one proposed by WHO and developed by WHO - Research and Reporting Project on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Data were listed and analyzed through the Statistical Package Program for the Social Science. The results showed that 60.3% colleges student are female, 48.9% age between 20 and 22 years, 41.3% and 43.7% belong to A and B social class, respectively. The prevalence of psychoactive drugs use reported at least once in lifetime was 72.4% except for alcohol and tobacco; 25.9% used inhaled drugs, 13.2% marijuana, 10.9% amphetamines , 27% tobacco and 87.9% alcohol. It could be concluded that is necessary to prevent improper drug use among college students by inserting this subject on the college curriculum as well as establishing drug use prevention programs for students.

  20. Trace elements in muscle of three fish species from Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Santana, Carolina Oliveira; de Jesus, Taíse Bomfim; de Aguiar, William Moura; de Jesus Sant'anna Franca-Rocha, Washington; Soares, Carlos Alberto Caroso

    2017-03-01

    In this study, an analysis was performed on the concentrations of the trace elements Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn in muscle of two carnivorous and one planktivorous fish species collected at Todos os Santos Bay (BTS). The accumulation order of the trace elements in Lutjanus analis was Al >Zn >Fe >Cr >Ba >Ni. In Cetengraulis edentulus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >As. In the species Diapterus rhombeus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >Cd. To determine the risk related to the consumption of fish, toxicity guidelines were used as standard references. It was observed that the species C. edentulus contained concentrations of As exceeding WHO limits, but these concentrations were acceptable according to the Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) guidelines. Cd levels were found only in D. rhombeus and in low concentrations according to the determinations of WHO and ANVISA. Pb levels were not detected in any of the three fish species. The analyzed elements did not differ statistically according to the species and feeding habits. The results point to possible risks of human contamination by As related to the consumption of the fish species C. edentulus from the BTS.

  1. Dinoflagellate cysts and bloom events at Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México, 1999 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña-Manjarrez, José Luis; Helenes, Javier; Gaxiola-Castro, Gilberto; Orellana-Cepeda, Elizabeth

    2005-07-01

    Forty-two species of dinoflagellate motile cells and 18 species of organic-walled dinoflagellate resting cysts were identified in samples collected at Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México, from September 1999 to June 2000. These temperate to cool-temperate species belong mainly to the families Gonyaulacaceae and Protoperidiniaceae. Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein, 1883) Dodge 1989 was the dominant species both in the sediments and water column. During this period we observed planktonic motile cells, temporary cysts with cellulose walls, and resting cysts with resistant dinosporin walls. Two dinoflagellate blooms occurred in the spring to summer of 2000 allowing us to observe the timing of cyst production. The temporary cysts appeared between these blooms and also in the summer, whereas the resting cysts appeared during the preceding fall and winter. Resting cysts appeared in colder conditions, whereas the temporary cysts were produced within a particular thermal window and under nutrient depletion. Resting cysts were concentrated in discrete areas at depths of less than 25 m, and associated with sediments ranging from silt to fine sand. These cysts were abundant in the surface sediments during summer, fall and winter, whereas the motile cells dominated during the spring and summer, when the two L. polyedrum blooms were observed. The abundance of cells in the plankton, comprising motile cells and temporary cysts, appears to be inversely proportional to the concentration of resting cysts of the same species in the surface sediments.

  2. Inorganic As speciation and bioavailability in estuarine sediments of Todos os Santos Bay, BA, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatje, V; Macedo, S M; de Jesus, R M; Cotrim, G; Garcia, K S; de Queiroz, A F; Ferreira, S L C

    2010-12-01

    The spatial distribution of As (total As, As (III) and As (V)) in estuarine sediments from the main tributaries of Todos os Santos Bay, BA, Brazil, was evaluated under high and low flow conditions. The concentrations of As were determined using a slurry sampling procedure with hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS). The highest concentrations were observed at estuary mouths, and exceeded conservative lower threshold value (Threshold Effects Level; TEL). Due to the oxic conditions and abundance of Mn and Fe (oxyhydr)oxides in the sediments, most inorganic arsenic in the Subaé and Paraguaçu estuaries was present as As (V). Nevertheless, the concentration of As (III) at several locations along the Jaguaripe River were also above the TEL value, suggesting that As may be toxic to biota. In the Subaé estuary, antropogenic activities are the main source of As. At the Jaguaripe and at Paraguaçu estuaries, nevertheless, natural sources of As need to be considered to explain the distribution patterns. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Pockmark asymmetry and seafloor currents in the Santos Basin offshore Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schattner, U.; Lazar, M.; Souza, L. A. P.; ten Brink, U.; Mahiques, M. M.

    2016-09-01

    Pockmarks form by gas/fluid expulsion into the ocean and are preserved under conditions of negligible sedimentation. Ideally, they are circular at the seafloor and symmetrical in profile. Elliptical pockmarks are more enigmatic. They are associated with seafloor currents while asymmetry is connected to sedimentation patterns. This study examines these associations through morphological analysis of new multibeam data collected across the Santos continental slope offshore Brazil in 2011 (353-865 mbsl). Of 984 pockmarks, 78% are both elliptical and asymmetric. Geometric criteria divide the pockmarks into three depth ranges that correlate with a transition between two currents: the Brazil Current transfers Tropical Water and South Atlantic Central Water southwestwards while the Intermediate Western Boundary Current transfers Antarctic Intermediate Water northeastwards. It is suggested that the velocity of seafloor currents and their persistence dictate pockmark ellipticity, orientation and profile asymmetry. Fast currents (>20 cm/s) are capable of maintaining pockmark flank steepness close to the angle of repose. These morphological expressions present direct evidence for an edge effect of the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre and, in general, provide a correlation between pockmark geometry and seafloor currents that can be applied at other locations worldwide.

  4. Implications in the transport of sugar in bulk at port of santos: "company a"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Roberto Gomes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to investigate the processes of transport of sugar in the activity of the bulk loading and unloading at the terminal of "The Company" in the port of Santos. Thus, it was known by the case study of exploratory nature, the following issues: a - which are currently used combinations of modes in moving their products, b - the process of loading and unloading c - the system of supply chain management, d - possible limiting factors in the model of transport of the current volume transported. On these issues we tried to analyze the factors that directly influence the productivity of the company researched, taking into consideration the various factors involving this type of transport due to seasonality of the load. There is the case study presented, be of extreme importance to loyalty in the supply chain management, as the minimum failure to underestimate the factors involving the operation of loading and unloading in the port terminal, caused huge losses that directly affect the operator port and the various stakeholders involved, which in turn directly influences the image of this organization. Finally, it is also about the possibility of elements which can increase the productivity of the operation by the choice of technology conteinerização of the load.

  5. Enrichment Factors (EF) on Superficial Sediments of Santos Estuarine System, Southeasthern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, B. S. M.; Salaroli, A. B.; Mahiques, M.; Figueira, R.

    2014-12-01

    The Baixada Santista, located at southeastern Brazilian coast, hosts the largest harbor of South America, it is also the third most heavily populated region in São Paulo state. Many industries and domestic sewage have been contaminating the environment with heavy metals and arsenic since industrial revolution. This has been a major concern worldwide due to its toxicity and persistence. Levels of metals (Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Fe, Mn, Sc, V) and As were determinated on 180 samples of surface sediments, by acid digestion and quantified by ICP-OES to assess enrichment factors in order to know the anthropogenic contribution of the investigated elements. The levels of metals indicated absence of contamination, but a higher enrichment of As (approximately 9.5) near Bertioga city. Ni and Cr had values between 0.5 - 2.0, Cu and Zn between 0.6 - 4.0 and 0.9 - 7.5 for Pb. Despite As, all others metals showed higher enrichment in Santos - São Vicente Estuary, especially near Cubatão. The analysis of the enrichment factor of As indicate that these values could be due to natural processes of weathering and sedimentation, meanwhile the other metals could be from antropogenic sources, since thoses values were found near industrial area.

  6. Dynamic changes in microbiota and mycobiota during spontaneous 'Vino Santo Trentino' fermentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanini, Irene; Albanese, Davide; Cavazza, Agostino; Franciosi, Elena; De Filippo, Carlotta; Donati, Claudio; Cavalieri, Duccio

    2016-03-01

    Vino Santo is a sweet wine produced from late harvesting and pressing of Nosiola grapes in a small, well-defined geographical area in the Italian Alps. We used metagenomics to characterize the dynamics of microbial communities in the products of three wineries, resulting from spontaneous fermentation with almost the same timing and procedure. Comparing fermentation dynamics and grape microbial composition, we show a rapid increase in a small number of wine yeast species, with a parallel decrease in complexity. Despite the application of similar protocols, slight changes in the procedures led to significant differences in the microbiota in the three cases of fermentation: (i) fungal content of the must varied significantly in the different wineries, (ii) Pichia membranifaciens persisted in only one of the wineries, (iii) one fermentation was characterized by the balanced presence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Hanseniaspora osmophila during the later phases. We suggest the existence of a highly winery-specific 'microbial-terroir' contributing significantly to the final product rather than a regional 'terroir'. Analysis of changes in abundance during fermentation showed evident correlations between different species, suggesting that fermentation is the result of a continuum of interaction between different species and physical-chemical parameters. © 2016 The Author. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology.

  7. Dump area restoration at Espírito Santo do Pinhal - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerson Araujo de Medeiros

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Espírito Santo do Pinhal, SP, generates about 50 tons of garbage per week, which used to be disposed of in a dump from 1960 up to 2000, when this practice was banned and a plan to recover the area was implemented. The purpose of this work is to assess the evolution of the recovery plan after four years of deactivation of the old dump. The methodology consisted of a photographic survey of the site and a comparison with earlier records, chemical soil and microbiological water analyses and evaluation of the vegetation. The seedlings planted showed vegetative development problems for lack of care; the microbiological analyses revealed water contamination by fecal coliforms (700 NMP 100 mL-1 and the chemical soil analyses indicated high contents of Copper (3.5 mg kg-1, Iron (28 mg kg-1, Manganese (6.2 mg kg-1, Zinc (9.4 mg kg-1 and organic matter (24 mg kg-1.

  8. Gamma radiation measurement in select sand samples from Camburi beach - Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil: preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.; Aquino, Reginaldo R., E-mail: lfbarros@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b, E-mail: raquino@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The variation of natural radioactivity along the surface of the beach sands of Camburi, located in Vitoria, capital of Espirito Santo, southeastern Brazil, was determined from the contents of {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K. Eleven collecting points was selected along all the 6 km extension of the Camburi beach. Sand samples collected from all established points on January 2011 were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series. The {sup 226}Ra concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi. The {sup 232}Th concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of {sup 228}Ac, {sup 212}Pb and {sup 212}Bi and the {sup 40}K from its single gamma transition. Preliminary results show activity concentrations varying from 5 Bq.kg{sup -1} to {sup 222} Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra and from 14 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 1074 Bq.kg{sup -'}1 for {sup 232}Th, both with the highest values for Camburi South and Central. For {sup 40}K, the activity concentrations ranged from 14 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 179 Bq.kg{sup -1} and the highest values were obtained for Camburi South. (author)

  9. Characterization of Coffea arabica monofloral honey from Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadri, Samir Moura; Zaluski, Rodrigo; Pereira Lima, Giuseppina Pace; Mazzafera, Paulo; de Oliveira Orsi, Ricardo

    2016-07-15

    In this study, samples of coffee honey produced in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, were characterized based on their melissopalynology, physicochemical and nutritional properties, and mineral and caffeine contents. The caffeine content in the nectar from coffee flowers was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Blends of honey were obtained from three Coffea arabica crops, each with 10 colonies of Africanized Apis mellifera. All honey samples contained monofloral (75-78%) pollen belonging to C. arabica. Physicochemical parameters (total acidity, pH, moisture, dry matter, ash, and qualitative hydroxymethylfurfural) were within the approved limits established by EU legislation. Coffee honey contains high levels of ascorbic acid (294.68 mg kg(-1)) and low amounts of total flavonoids (3.51 ± 0.18 mg QE kg(-1)). The most abundant minerals were potassium and calcium (962.59 ± 154.3 and 343.75 ± 25.56 mg kg(-1), respectively). The caffeine content in coffee nectar (1.64 mg kg(-1)) was approximately 8-fold lower than that in honey (12.02 ± 0.81 mg kg(-1)).

  10. La vida normal: living with HIV in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrington, Clare; Kerrigan, Deanna; Ureña, Francisco I Cáceres; Brudney, Karen

    2017-05-18

    In this study, we explore how individuals living with HIV in the Dominican Republic strive to live a 'normal' life and the consequences of this pursuit of normalcy. We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with men (n = 20) and women (n = 20) living with HIV and receiving care at two urban clinics in Santo Domingo. We analysed the data using a combination of narrative analysis and thematic coding. We aimed to identify how fears and/or lived experiences with social rejection and HIV-related stigma and discrimination shaped participants' abilities to maintain social relationships, be economically productive and manage HIV within the context of sexual relationships. Participants used the discourse of una vida normal (a normal life) to frame their response to HIV. This pursuit of normality was driven by the social and economic pressures of living with a chronic condition in a context of HIV-related stigma; trying to keep things 'normal' further added to these pressures. We argue that the normal life discourse fails to recognise the dynamic and complex nature of negotiating this condition and may also create additional burdens for individuals living with HIV that could impact their wellbeing and preventive behaviours.

  11. Intervenciones en la basílica de Santo Stefano Rotondo (Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo d’Aquino

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo ilustra la metodología, los criterios y las opciones proyectuales barajadas en la intervención de reintegración visual y material de los antiguos pavimentos de la histórica basílica de Santo Stefano Rotondo. El autor razona sobre las alternativas barajadas y su diversa implicación, en una intervención caracterizada por su esmero y su exquisito detalle en el concepto y la ejecución. En una segunda parte del texto, el autor realiza una reflexión similar y paralela en la tarea de proyectar la iluminación del conjunto y diseñar las luminarias adecuadas en cada caso en base a la atmósfera que se deseaba para el espacio y las connotaciones propias de los tipos y las formas de luminarias proyectadas. No obstante la antigüedad y carácter venerable dificultaba en gran medida cualquier tipo de actuación, esta intervención ha obtenido un resultado especialmente delicado con las preexistencias.

  12. Pockmark asymmetry and seafloor currents in the Santos Basin offshore Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schattner, U.; Lazar, M.; Souza, L. A. P.; ten Brink, U.; Mahiques, M. M.

    2016-12-01

    Pockmarks form by gas/fluid expulsion into the ocean and are preserved under conditions of negligible sedimentation. Ideally, they are circular at the seafloor and symmetrical in profile. Elliptical pockmarks are more enigmatic. They are associated with seafloor currents while asymmetry is connected to sedimentation patterns. This study examines these associations through morphological analysis of new multibeam data collected across the Santos continental slope offshore Brazil in 2011 (353-865 mbsl). Of 984 pockmarks, 78% are both elliptical and asymmetric. Geometric criteria divide the pockmarks into three depth ranges that correlate with a transition between two currents: the Brazil Current transfers Tropical Water and South Atlantic Central Water southwestwards while the Intermediate Western Boundary Current transfers Antarctic Intermediate Water northeastwards. It is suggested that the velocity of seafloor currents and their persistence dictate pockmark ellipticity, orientation and profile asymmetry. Fast currents (>20 cm/s) are capable of maintaining pockmark flank steepness close to the angle of repose. These morphological expressions present direct evidence for an edge effect of the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre and, in general, provide a correlation between pockmark geometry and seafloor currents that can be applied at other locations worldwide.

  13. Intestinal parasites in a quilombola community of the Northern State of Espírito Santo, Brazil Parasitos intestinais em comunidade quilombola do Norte do Espírito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schayra Minine Damazio

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of intestinal parasites in a quilombola community from the northern Espírito Santo, Brazil. Descendants of slaves who arrived in Brazil in the sixteenth century, this population settled in the municipality of São Mateus in 1858. Fresh fecal samples from 82 individuals who agreed to participate in the study were collected between August 2009 and July 2010, and immediately sent to the Clinical Laboratory of the Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo for analysis. Out of all the participants, 36 (43.9% were male and 46 (56.1% were female, whose ages ranged from six to 85 years. The study of the occurrence of intestinal parasites indicated that 35 individuals (42.7% were infected with at least one intestinal parasite. Among helminths, the most frequent were hookworms, with a rate of 14.6%. With regard to protozoa, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar and Endolimax nana stood out, with frequencies of 23.2%, 8.5% and 4.9%, respectively. The occurrence of biparasitism was observed in 13 of the 82 subjects, accounting for 15.8%, and no cases of multiple parasitic infections were observed. It was concluded that the reduction of cases of intestinal diseases due to parasites will only be achieved with the improvement of basic sanitation and quality of life of quilombola populations.O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a ocorrência de parasitos intestinais em população quilombola do Norte do Espírito Santo. Descendentes de escravos que chegaram ao Brasil a partir do século XVI, essa população estabeleceu-se no município de São Mateus no ano de 1858. Entre agosto de 2009 e julho de 2010, amostras fecais de 82 indivíduos que aceitaram participar do trabalho foram coletadas, a fresco, e, imediatamente, encaminhadas ao Laboratório de Análises Clínicas do Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo da

  14. Boaventura de Sousa Santos: por uma nova gramática do político e do social Boaventura de Sousa Santos: for a grammar of the political and the social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Abílio Pereira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, foi mapeado o pensamento de Boaventura Santos tomando como base seus estudos em torno da democracia participativa. Antes, porém, desvendou-se a estrutura de sua teoria social como forma de interpretar melhor sua proposta de ampliação do cânone democrático. Na perspectiva de Santos, a participação política possui um papel fundamental neste processo de redescoberta das práticas societárias. É através dela que aqueles deixados à margem poderão ser incluídos no processo democrático, colaborando na própria definição da comunidade em que estão inseridos. A democracia, então, é um projeto de inclusão social e de inovação cultural que se coloca como tentativa de instituição de uma nova soberania democrática.This paper we will map the thought of Boaventura de Sousa Santos about participatory democracy. Before that, however, it will be important to analyse the structure of his social theory as a way to better interpret his proposed expansion of the democratic canon. For the Portuguese thinker, political participation has a key role in the rediscoverying of societal practices. It is through these practices that those individuals left behind could be included in the democratic process and therefore having the chance to work in the very definition of the community to which they are inserted. Democracy, in this view, is then a project of social inclusion and cultural innovation that arises as an attempt to institute a new democratic sovereignty.

  15. Utilização dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS na cidade de Santos, São Paulo, Brasil Utilization of community mental health services in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A fim de descrever a clientela atendida nos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS da Cidade de Santos foi realizado um censo de pacientes atendidos nos CAPS no período 1º de junho de 2001 a 30 de junho de 2001. O primeiro contato do paciente com o serviço foi registrado e seus dados foram preenchidos em ficha padronizada utilizando o prontuário médico como fonte de informação. Foram atendidos 1.673 usuários, com idade média de 46 anos, mulheres (59,0%, morando com a família (78,0% e tempo médio de três anos em tratamento no serviço. Atenderam 38,0% de esquizofrênicos, esquizotípicos e delirantes, 31,0% com transtorno de humor e 17,0% de neuróticos, nas modalidades de ambulatório médico-psiquiátrico (81,0%, individual (23,0%, grupal (13,0% e reabilitação psicossocial (4,3%. Os CAPS de Santos atendem todas as categorias de transtornos mentais, sendo os mais freqüentes aqueles considerados mais graves, o que é esperado para este tipo de serviço. O modelo de tratamento oferecido tem características ambulatorial e médico-psiquiátrica.To report on the clientele treated at community mental health services (CAPS in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil, a census was conducted of the patients examined at the services from June 1, 2001, to June 30, 2001. The patient's initial contact with the service was registered, and data were recorded on a standardized form, using the medical case history as a source of information. Among the 1,673 patients, average age was 46 years, 59.0% were female, 58.0% lived with their families, and mean duration of treatment was three years. Some 38.0% were schizophrenic, schizotypical, or in acute delusional states, 31.0% presented mood disorders, and 17.0% were neurotic. Treatment modalities included out-patient psychiatric (81.0%, individual (23.0%, group (13.0%, and psychosocial rehabilitation (4.3%. In Santos, CAPS treat all categories of mental disorders (and frequently those considered the

  16. Isópodos litorales y de aguas someras de la bahía de Todos los Santos, Baja California, México Littoral and shallow water isopods from Todos los Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Campos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lista de los isópodos de vida libre de la bahía de Todos los Santos con base en recolecciones alocrónicas realizadas entre 1988 y 2005 en el intermareal rocoso, arenoso y limo-arcilloso así como en el sublitoral arenoso hasta una profundidad de 256 m. Se recolectaron 26 especies de las 48 registradas para la Provincia Californiana: 2 Asellota; 7 Cymothoida; 1 Oniscoidea; 7 Sphaeromatidea; 9 Valvifera Las especies más abundantes fueron Excirolana linguifrons (Richardson, 1899, (mesolitoral arenoso, Idotea fewkesi Richardson, 1905 junto con Idotea resecata Stimpson, 1857, (mesolitoral rocoso, Haliophasma geminatum Menzies et Barnard, 1959 (mesolitoral e infralitoral arcilloso asociada al pasto marino Zostera marina Linnaeus y Caecognathia crenulatifrons (Monod, 1926, (sublitoral. Las especies recolectadas se ha registrado en biotopos marinos similares de California, Estados Unidos de América. De las 26 especies encontradas 7 son primeros registros para México: Erichsonella crenulata Menzies, 1950, Exosphaeroma amplicauda (Stimpson 1857, E. octonum (Richardson, 1899, Idarcturus allelomorphus Menzies et Barnard, 1959, Idotea fewkesi, Janiralata davisi Menzies, 1951 y Paracerceis gilliana (Richardson, 1899, extendiendo su distribución sureña hasta la bahía de Todos los Santos.A checklist of the free-living isopods of Todos los Santos Bay, Baja California, is presented on the basis of allochronic collections made between 1988 and 2005 along the rocky, sandy, and muddy intertidal and sandy subtidal to 256 meters deep. We collected 26 of the 48 species known from the Californian province: 2 Asellota; 7 Cymothoida; 1 Oniscoidea; 7 Sphaeromatidea; 9 Valvifera. The most abundant species were Excirolana linguifrons (Richardson, 1899, (sandy mesolitoral, Idotea fewkesi Richardson, 1905 and I. resecata Stimpson 1857, (rocky intertidal, Haliophasma geminatum Menzies and Barnard, 1959, (muddy intertidal and subtidal associated with the

  17. Farmácia: a porta de entrada para o acesso a medicamentos para idosos residentes em Santos Pharmacy: a gateway to access to medicines for elderly individuals living in the city of Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz Vieira de Moura; Amélia Cohn; Rosa Maria Ferreiro Pinto

    2012-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivos conhecer o perfil dos medicamentos utilizados pelos idosos, com ênfase na associação entre aqueles de uso contínuo mais utilizados e outros fármacos sem indicação médica e avaliar a função social do farmacêutico nas farmácias privadas. O método utilizado foi a pesquisa qualitativa de natureza compreensiva e explicativa, realizada no município de Santos, em 2008, em bairros com maior concentração de idosos (IBGE,2000). Nesses bairros, foram identificadas três fa...

  18. Oyster spat recruitment in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, using recycled materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosebel C. Nalesso

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluated the effectiveness of four types of oyster spat collectors, made with recycled materials, in the recruitment of the mangrove oyster Crassostrea spp. at five sites in the Benevente river estuary, Anchieta District and on two islands in Piúma District, both in Espírito Santo State. The collectors were made of: 1- oyster shells, 2- PET bottles, 3- car tires and 4- tiles, all of them suspended by ropes and tied to roots of Rhizophora mangle or mussel long-lines. The number of spat recruited on each collector and their shell lengths were registered bimonthly, as well as the physico-chemical-trophic parameters of the water: salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, particulate organic matter and chlorophyll a, which were correlated (by Spearman's correlation with the number of spat recruited. Spat settlement was significantly higher on oyster shell, tile and tire collectors, mainly at points with higher salinities, such as Praia do Coqueiro in Anchieta and on Meio and Cabrito Islands in Piúma (Kruskal-Wallis: H= 10.01; 3 d.f.; p 0.05. The number of oyster spat was positively correlated with the salinity (ρs= 0.331; p Este trabalho avaliou a eficiência de quatro tipos de coletores de sementes no recrutamento de ostras Crassostrea sp., em cinco pontos do estuário do Rio Benevente, município de Anchieta, e em duas ilhas no município de Piúma, estado do Espírito Santo. Foram utilizados quatro tipos de coletores: 1-conchas de ostras, 2- garrafas PET, 3-tiras de pneu e 4- telhas, todos suspensos por cordas e amarrados em rizóforos de Rhizophora mangle ou em "long-lines" de mexilhões. Bimensalmente, as sementes recrutadas foram contadas e medidas quanto à altura, determinando-se os parâmetros físico-químicos-tróficos da água: salinidade, temperatura, oxigênio dissolvido, matéria orgânica particulada e clorofila-a, que foram correlacionados com o número de sementes nos coletores (através de correlações de Spearman

  19. Sexo, gênero e homossexualidade: o que diz o povo-de-santo paulista?

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    Milton Silva dos Santos

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo "O candomblé aceita o homossexualismo porque é uma religião que não tem pecado. Não interessa se você seja homem, mulher ou gay. Não importa a opção sexual. (... Você pode ver. É uma religião de homossexuais". É assim que um filho-de-santo responde a uma pergunta sobre a notável presença de homossexuais iniciados na religião dos orixás. Se comparadas a outras denominações hostis e indiferentes às orientações não-heterossexuais, o candomblé e outras devoções afro-brasileiras são, de fato, mais tolerantes à participação de homossexuais, permitindo-lhes ocupar todos os postos previstos na hierarquia ritual. Embora estejam entre as expressões religiosas que menos discriminam o indivíduo por razões de preferência sexual, percebemos por meio da literatura especializada e de uma pesquisa de campo, realizada na região metropolitana de São Paulo, que os candomblecistas também empregam em seus discursos argumentos ou narrativas míticas, certos princípios e valores seculares articulados à moralidade cristã e que dão sustentação à hierarquia de sexo/gênero - conforme alguns sacerdotes, as categorias homem/mulher e masculino/feminino devem corresponder às expectativas sociais esperadas para cada ser sexuado. Em virtude disso, tratar de homossexualidade nas comunidades-terreiro, ao contrário do que possa parecer, é um tema delicado, restrito e rodeado de tabus. Palavras-chave: Candomblé; Gênero; Sexualidade; Homossexualidade. Abstract "Candomblé accepts homosexualism because it is a religion where sin does not exist. It does not matter whether you are a man, a woman or gay. Your sexual choice does not matter. [...] You can see it. It is a religion of homosexuals." This is how a filho-de-santo answers a question about the remarkable presence of homosexuals initiated into the orixás' religion. If compared to other denominations, hostile or indifferent to nonheterosexual orientations, candomblé and

  20. Profile of skin cancer in Pomeranian communities of the State of Espírito Santo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frasson, Patrícia Henriques Lyra; Duque, Danilo Schwab; Pinto, Estanrley Barcelos; Dalvi, Giulia Cerutti; Madalon, Sammy Zogheib; Nunes, Tarcizo Afonso; DE-Vargas, Paulo Roberto Merçon

    2017-01-01

    to evaluate the profile of skin cancer in Pomeranian communities of the State of Espírito Santo, composed of descendants of European immigrants, regarding gender and age at diagnosis, lesion size and histological type. we studied histopathological reports of 3,781 patients operated between 2000 and 2010, with resection of 4,881 lesions. We assessed histological type, lesion size, age and gender of the patients at diagnosis and their correlations in the 11-year period. the histopathological examination revealed basal cell carcinoma in 3,159 patients (83.5%), squamous cell carcinoma in 415 (11%), melanoma in 64 (1.7%), and 143 patients (3.8%) had combined lesions of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. As to size, 47.1% measured between 5.1 and 10mm. The age group of 61 to 70 years was the one that sustained the largest number of surgical interventions (24.3%). There was a predominance of the female gender (2,027, 53.6%) in relation to the male (1,754, 46.4%). basal cell carcinoma was the most frequent histological type. The prevalences of squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma were below the national estimate of the National Cancer Institute. The diagnosis of tumors occurred at more advanced ages (above 60 years) and there was an increase in the incidence and size of skin tumors in the male population. avaliar o panorama do câncer de pele em comunidades pomeranas do Estado do Espírito Santo, compostas por descendentes de imigrantes europeus, quanto ao sexo e idade ao diagnóstico, tamanho da lesão e tipo histológico. foram avaliados laudos histopatológicos de 3781 pacientes operados entre os anos de 2000 e 2010, com ressecção de 4881 lesões. Foram avaliados tipo histológico, tamanho das lesões, idade e sexo dos pacientes ao diagnóstico e suas correlações no período de 11 anos. o exame histopatológico evidenciou carcinoma basocelular em 3159 pacientes (83,5%), carcinoma espinocelular em 415 (11%), melanoma em 64 (1,7%) e 143 pacientes (3

  1. Summertime thermohaline structure off the Brazil Current Region between Santos (SP and Rio de Janeiro (RJ

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    Edmo José Dias Campos

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the scope of the MAR-14 Project, part of the Brazil-Germany Bilateral Agreement in Marine Sciences, an oceanographic survey aboard the R/V Victor Hensen was carried out in Brazilian coastal waters between Santos (23º56'S and Rio de Janeiro (22º54'S, from January 15 to January 22,1991. In this article we report results of preliminary analyses of the hydrographic data collected with CTD, STD, Nansen bottles and XBT's. These preliminary results show intense stratification in the first 200 m depth, and the penetration of the Brazil Current deep into the continental shelf region. Two eddy-like features were detected. The first one, anticyclonic, was located in the northern part of the domain and confined to the uppermost 200 m. The second, a cyclonic vortex, was found a little to the southwest below 200 m and extending downwards to about 800 m depth. Water mass analyses based on T-S diagrams suggest that the interface between the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW and the Antarctic Intermediate Water (AIW is located at about 500 m depth. One important aspect of this study is that this was the first time a high resolution survey with a CTD probe was realized along the eastern Brasilian Coast, south of Cabo Frio.Como parte do projeto MAR-14, componente do Acordo Bilateral Brasil-Alemanha em Ciências Marinhas, uma campanha oceanógrafica a bordo do R/V Victor Hensen foi realizada em águas costeiras do Brasil entre Santos (23º56'S, de 15 a 22 de janeiro de 991. Neste artigo reportamos resultados de análises preliminares dos dados hidrográficos coletados com o auxílio de CTD, STD, garrafas de Nansen e XBT's. Esses resultados preliminares mostram uma intensa estratificação nos primeiros 200 m de profundidade, e a penetração da corrente bem adentro da região sobre a plataforma continental. Duas estruturas com características de vórtices de meso-escala foram detectadas. O primeiro, anticiclônico, estava localizado na parte norte da

  2. Creación y Aplicación de una guía metodológica Aprendo con Amor para desarrollar la inteligencia emocional en los estudiantes del Segundo Año de Educación Básica de la Escuela Fiscal Mixta Tarqui en la Parroquia Santo Domingo, cantón Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas durante el período de abril a septiembre del 2012.

    OpenAIRE

    Márquez Rojas, Nidia Mariela

    2015-01-01

    La investigación se realizó en la Escuela Fiscal Tarqui, en la parroquia Santo Domingo, cantón Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, siendo el objetivo de investigación demostrar cómo la elaboración y aplicación de la Guía Metodológica Aprendo con Amor desarrolla la inteligencia emocional en estudiantes de segundo año de Educación Básica, utiliza como técnicas ejercicios de respiración, cuentos para niños, niñas, talleres, canciones y vídeos formativos que contribuyen ...

  3. Canticum Novum: música sem palavras e palavras sem som no pensamento de Santo Agostinho

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    Lorenzo Mammì

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available NO De Magistro, Santo Agostinho coloca a reza e o canto numa posição similar, à margem das funções imediatamente comunicativas da linguagem. A reflexão agostiniana sobre a reza se baseia nos hábitos cristãos da leitura, da oração e da meditação silenciosas. Há sobre o canto, na prática igualmente inovadora do jubilus, melodia sem palavra destinada aos momentos mais intensos e gaudiosos da liturgia. A oração silenciosa e o jubilus são temas recorrentes da literatura patrística, mas Agostinho os aborda de maneira original, desenhando, a partir das palavras sem som da oração e do som sem palavra do jubilus, o perfil de um discurso interior, que não se destina aos homens, mas a Deus.IN HIS De Magistro Saint Augustine places prayer and song on a similar level, alongside the language immediately communicative functions. His considerations on prayer are grounded on the Christian habits of silent reading, prayer and meditation; those on song, on the equally innovating practice called jubilus, which is melody without words designed for the intensest and most joyous liturgical moments. Silent prayer and jubilus are recurring topics in patristic literature, but Augustine deals with them in an original way, drawing from the soundless words of prayer and the wordless sound of jubilus an inner discourse, addressed not to men but to God.

  4. Seasonal variation of the upwelling trap in the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calva, M. A.; Perez-Brunius, P.; Lopez, M.; Candela, J.; García, E.

    2013-05-01

    Todos Santos Bay is located on the Pacific coast of Baja California, a region characterized by coastal upwelling throughout the year, being more intense in spring and summer. Aquaculture activities are expanding in the bay, so it is important to understand the processes that modulate the water temperature and stratification, given that these in turn affect biological productivity. This work presents an analysis of the seasonal variation of the temperature of the bay and adjacent regions, with satellite data and CTD casts made in quarterly cruises between 2008-2012. It has been observed that, on average, the surface temperature in the bay is warmer than outside, suggesting that upwelled waters that enter the bay are trapped a sufficiently long time to be heated by solar radiation, hence the name upwelling trap. During upwelling events that drive cold waters to the surface in the regions adjacent to the bay, satellite images show that the surface temperature inside the bay can be 4-5 °C higher than the surrounding area. This thermal front is strongest in summer when solar radiation is greater. We have studied the vertical structure of the lens of warm water with CTD data, which shows that its depth does not exceed 10 m and the temperature is 3 to 4 °C warmer than the water below. Preliminary results on the processes involved in the formation and evolution of the upwelling trap at synoptic to monthly scales will be presented, based on the analysis of sea surface temperature images, winds, and currents in the northwestern entrance of the bay.

  5. Coastal-Trapped wave by local wind on Todos Santos Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateos, E.

    2016-12-01

    A numerical study, forced with summer wind, found that the BTS circulation is characterized by two systems: one at the exterior with a strong southward flow that enters to the bay but limited by the 35 m isobath and the other at the rest of the bay. The circulation, in the interior, oscillates between two spatial structures: one in which the general circulation is anticyclonic for two-three days overall the bay, producing a large eddy and a small cyclonic eddy in front of Ensenada's port. Then the anticyclonic eddy evolves to produce the second spatial structure by splitting into two counter rotating eddies making the original anticyclonic to be limited to the northern side of the bay and last three-four days and the small cyclonic eddy reverses its circulation. A study from velocity measurements, found amplification and attenuation of the mean flow with a three-day period in agreement with Mateos et al. (2009). Sea level, temperature and velocities fields, from numerical model, were analyzed to study the generation of coastal-trapped wave on Todos Santos Bay, Mexico. The model included the California Current System and synoptic winds, which are mainly towards the equator. The wind causes a net Southward water transport. In consequence, a bulge of water is formed at the south of the bay and the three-dimensional temperature structure shows a vertical homogeneous upper part of the water column (< 6 m) with a latitudinal gradient. This bulge of water is released every four to five days, as an internal coastal-trapped wave, and the vertical stratification becomes stronger. This coastal-trapped wave explains the current variability with period of three-five days reported in previous studies.

  6. Air pollution and its impacts on health in Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil

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    Clarice Umbelino de Freitas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the impact of air pollution on respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity of children and adults in the city of Vitoria, state of Espirito Santo. METHODS A study was carried out using time-series models via Poisson regression from hospitalization and pollutant data in Vitoria, ES, Southeastern Brazil, from 2001 to 2006. Fine particulate matter (PM10, sulfur dioxide (SO2, and ozone (O3 were tested as independent variables in simple and cumulative lags of up to five days. Temperature, humidity and variables indicating weekdays and city holidays were added as control variables in the models. RESULTS For each increment of 10 µg/m3 of the pollutants PM10, SO2, and O3, the percentage of relative risk (%RR for hospitalizations due to total respiratory diseases increased 9.67 (95%CI 11.84-7.54, 6.98 (95%CI 9.98-4.17 and 1.93 (95%CI 2.95-0.93, respectively. We found %RR = 6.60 (95%CI 9.53-3.75, %RR = 5.19 (95%CI 9.01-1.5, and %RR = 3.68 (95%CI 5.07-2.31 for respiratory diseases in children under the age of five years for PM10, SO2, and O3, respectively. Cardiovascular diseases showed a significant relationship with O3, with %RR = 2.11 (95%CI 3.18-1.06. CONCLUSIONS Respiratory diseases presented a stronger and more consistent relationship with the pollutants researched in Vitoria. A better dose-response relationship was observed when using cumulative lags in polynomial distributed lag models.

  7. Biplot analysis of strawberry genotypes recommended for the State of Espírito Santo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, A F; Teodoro, P E; Bhering, L L; Leal, N R; Tardin, F D; Daher, R F

    2016-08-26

    Most strawberry genotypes grown commercially in Brazil originate from breeding programs in the United States, and are therefore not adapted to the various soil and climatic conditions found in Brazil. Thus, quantifying the magnitude of genotype x environment (GE) interactions serves as a primary means for increasing average Brazilian strawberry yields, and helps provide specific recommendations for farmers on which genotypes meet high yield and phenotypic stability thresholds. The aim of this study was to use AMMI (additive main effects and multiplicative interaction) and GGE biplot (genotype main effects + genotype x environment interaction) analyses to identify high-yield, stable strawberry genotypes grown at three locations in Espírito Santo for two agricultural years. We evaluated seven strawberry genotypes (Dover, Camino Real, Ventana, Camarosa, Seascape, Diamante, and Aromas) at three locations (Domingos Martins, Iúna, and Muniz Freire) in agricultural years 2006 and 2007, totaling six study environments. Joint analysis of variance was calculated using yield data (t/ha), and AMMI and GGE biplot analysis was conducted following the detection of a significant genotypes x agricultural years x locations (G x A x L) interaction. During the two agricultural years, evaluated locations were allocated to different regions on biplot graphics using both methods, indicating distinctions among them. Based on the results obtained from the two methods used in this study to investigate the G x A x L interaction, we recommend growing the Camarosa genotype for production at the three locations assessed due to the high frequency of favorable alleles, which were expressed in all localities evaluated regardless of the agricultural year.

  8. Impacto de la discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander - 2012

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    Martha Patricia Cabrales Guzmán

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: analizar el impacto de discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander en el año 2012, desde la Teoría de los Sistemas. Metodología: Estudio transversal descriptivo. Se incluyeron 11 Personas en Situación de Discapacidad (PSD de la Vereda Los Teres. Se aplicó una encuesta mediante entrevista a las PSD o un familiar por 3 estudiantes de último año de fisioterapia. Se recolectaron variables relacionadas con el microsistema persona-famiilia, mesosistema y exosistema. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión para variables cuantitativas y frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables cualitativas. Resultados: el 45,5% de las personas no tenía nivel educativo alguno, el 81,8% se encontraba afiliada a salud, el 100% no asistía a ningún establecimiento de rehabilitación, el 81,8% refirió que el trato de la familia no ha cambiado después de adquirir la discapacidad y el 90,9% no se encontraban trabajando actualmente. En cuanto a la exclusión, el 90,9% de las PSD estaban excluidos en el ámbito de salud. Conclusión: El subsistema más afectado para las PSD de la vereda los Teres fue el exosistema y el menos afectado el microsistema persona-familia.

  9. The Hermeneutics of Hubo or Divestment for Señor Santo Niño de Cebu

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    Janvarica Acop

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study provided an in depth interpretations of the Hubo ritual forSeñor Santo Niño de Cebu. To provide this, the following objectives are raised: trace the history and ritual of the Hubo, describe the meaning of Hubo in the perspective of the church, and extrapolate the significance and graces received of the Hubo by the devotees. The study utilized descriptive-qualitative research method in the form of grounded theory through convenience sampling through interviews of devotees by means of interview questions, and data mining. The Hubo has its roots long since the acquisition of the image of Santo Niño by Queen Humamay or Juana from the Spanish, and continued by the Augustinian priests-the ritual of bathing and undressing and redressing the image was done privately up until the 1990s when the practice was made public. For the church, the Huboritual signified parental care, obedience, humility, conversion, newness, and cleansing; for the devotees, the Hubo ritual, and the attending of such, showed devotion, spiritual quenching and sustenance, understanding; this ritual also allowed for the channelling of requests and prayers, and the invocation of protection and guidance from God, and tolerated for the realization of requests and prayers. Further, for the devotees, upon attendance of the Hubo mass graced them health, safety, guidance, and success, which were truly given realization by the Holy Child or Balaang Bata as most Cebuanos dubbed Him. The Hubo ritual rested its roots in the very beginning of the Christianization of the Philippines-from the first baptism and the acquisition of the image of Santo Niño by Queen Juana, and continued by the Augustinian priests in which the ritual was done privately until the 1990s. The ritual implied parental care, obedience, humility, conversion, newness, and cleansing; the attendance of such presaged devotion, thanksgiving, understanding, request and prayer.

  10. Farmácia: a porta de entrada para o acesso a medicamentos para idosos residentes em Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Moura,Beatriz Vieira de; Cohn,Amélia; Pinto,Rosa Maria Ferreiro

    2012-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivos conhecer o perfil dos medicamentos utilizados pelos idosos, com ênfase na associação entre aqueles de uso contínuo mais utilizados e outros fármacos sem indicação médica e avaliar a função social do farmacêutico nas farmácias privadas. O método utilizado foi a pesquisa qualitativa de natureza compreensiva e explicativa, realizada no município de Santos, em 2008, em bairros com maior concentração de idosos (IBGE,2000). Nesses bairros, foram identificadas três fa...

  11. Urdimbre sobre la universidad en la mercantilización del saber: Paul Ricoeur, Jacques Derrida, Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eliécer Martínez Posada

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo emplea la metáfora de la urdimbre para destacar los elementos constitutivos sobre la universidad que han observado Ricoeur, Derrida y De Sousa Santos. Cada uno por separado hace valiosos aportes que, en conjunto, constituyen la posibilidad de comprender esta institución en sus condiciones actuales. Por último retoma algunas ideas sobre la universidad como productora de productores en la mercantilización de la educación superior y plantea una posible línea de fuga desde el devenir Niño ante las lógicas de medición actual neoliberal.

  12. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Santo Domingo Pueblo in Sandoval County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geiger, J.; Lisell, L.; Mosey, G.

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Pueblo of Santo Domingo in Sandoval County, New Mexico, for a renewable energy production feasibility study. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess specific areas on the Pueblo for potential installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems and to estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. The report also recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of these PV systems.

  13. Boedo-Florida… ¿y Corrientes? El tango y la literatura de Enrique Santos Discépolo

    OpenAIRE

    Zurita Soto, Juan Manuel

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene por efecto poner en relieve la importancia que han tenido dentro del campo literario las letras del tango –canción, especialmente las obras de Enrique Santos Discépolo. (1901-1951) Mediante un trabajo de contextualización histórica, primero y luego de valoración artística se somete a comparación el trabajo del autor, así como de otros dedicados al tango, con las corrientes y movimientos artísticos e intelectuales que se dieron cita en la ciudad de Buenos Air...

  14. Ética y razon universal en el pensamiento de Santo Tomás de Aquino

    OpenAIRE

    Cayuela Cayuela, Aquilino

    2002-01-01

    ÉTICA Y RAZÓN UNIVERSAQL EN EL PENSAMIENTO DE SANTO TOMÁS DE AQUINO (RESUMEN) Aquilino Cayuela Cayuela El presente estudio se centra, en un primer momento, en el tema de la providencia, visto con detenimiento y en la complejidad de sus múltiples implicaciones desde la metafísica o la teología hasta la ética y la política, para ello partimos de un marco, desarrollado en esta Introducción, donde analizamos las distintas concepciones de la providencia desde los orígenes del pensamiento ...

  15. Sor Teresa Juliana de Santo Domingo, «Chicaba», or Writing on the Other’s Skin Sor Teresa Juliana de Santo Domingo, «Chicaba» o escribir en la piel del otro

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    Beatriz FERRÚS ANTÓN

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Sor Teresa Juliana de Santo Domingo, Chicaba was the first Black writer in Spanish. She was a nun in Salamanca during the 18th Century who wrote about her religious life. Her text was used by Juan Carlos Paniagua to write a hagiography. The aim of this articvle is to comment on Paniagua’s text in relation to the religious tradition of the time, especially of women. The relationship between women-writing-skin is decisive.Sor Teresa Juliana de Santo Domingo, Chicaba, es la primera escritora negra conocida en español. Monja en Salamanca durante el siglo XVIII , escribió una vida religiosa a partir de la cual Juan Carlos Paniagua redactaría una hagiografía. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el texto de Paniagua dentro de la tradición de escritura religiosa de este tiempo, en especial femenina, prestando especial atención a la asociación que entre mujer-escritura-color de la piel se construye en el mismo.

  16. Psychoactive substances and the provision of specialized care: the case of Espirito Santo Substâncias psicoativas e a provisão de cuidados especializados: o caso do Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marluce Miguel de Siqueira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In this study, we conducted a survey of all the institutions that provide treatment for psychoactive substances in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil during the period 2004-2005. METHOD: We used a snowball sampling technique to include all the treatment facilities in our State in which we employed a semi-structured interview instrument for key informants at each institution. We present descriptive results and test differences between groups using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: In Espirito Santo, 250 institutions provide treatment for psychoactive substances and are distributed as follows: governmental (17.6%, nongovernmental (22.8%, and self-help groups (59.6%. Of these 250 institutions, 85 provide direct care, with the majority found in the Central region (70.6% and followed by the Northern (15.3% and Southern (14.1% regions. The majority of those that provide direct care are private nonprofit centers (16.8% institutions with ties to religious organizations make up nearly one-third (30.6% of direct care providers. The drugs most consumed by those seeking care are alcohol (82.4%, tobacco (81.2% and marijuana (68.2%. The institutions generally give assistance to people in the 26-45 years age group (89.4%; with regard to gender, the institutions take care of: men (31.8%, women (5.9%, and both sexes (56.5%. The treatment models most used are psychosocial (58.8%, therapeutic community (47.1% and biomedical (43.5% and the work is evaluated through the team technique (72.9 %. CONCLUSIONS: In the state of Espirito Santo, indirect care services are many times greater than those that offer direct care and the majority of all services are in the Central region. The populations in the mainland have a comparative disadvantage when it comes to treatment options for psychoactive substance use. We observed that a significant number of institutions that provide drug abuse treatment have financial support from religious organizations. The Espirito

  17. [Record of Dasypus novemcinctus (Mammalia: Xenarthra) parasited by Tunga terasma (Siphonaptera: Tungidae) in Alegre, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, João Marcelo A P; Demoner, Larissa de C; Martins, Isabella V F; Zanini, Marcos S; Deps, Patrícia D; Pujol-Luz, José R

    2006-01-01

    During a survey of Mycobacterium leprae in wild armadillos in the State of Espírito Santo, thirty-four armadillos were captured in the municipality of Alegre (20 degrees 45'S, 41 degrees 29'W, 150m). The armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctus were examined by clinical and macroscopic examination. In four armadillos (11.7%), were found nodes in the abdomen. The nodules were identified as Tunga terasma. This is the first report of T. terasma in D. novemcinctus armadillos in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil.

  18. Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in the cities of the northern region of Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    ANDRÉ M. FONTES

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The World Health Organization (WHO estimates that approximately 2 billion people worldwide have already had contact with hepatitis B virus (HBV and 373 million have become chronic carriers. Hepatitis B is a major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to a large number of deaths annually. Both viral factors and the host immune response have been implicated in the pathogenesis and clinical result of HBV infection. Many Brazilian cities, including the cities of the northern region of the state of Espírito Santo are located in regions with little health infrastructure. Our study performed an epidemiological analysis of cases of Hepatitis B in São Mateus, using methodology of Geographic Information System (GIS, aiming to raise the number of disease cases, establishing preventive measures to control the disease, improving the quality of life of people affected by this pathology. The city of São Mateus had the largest number of reported cases of hepatitis B northern region of Espírito Santo. The age group with the highest number of hepatitis B notifications was 20-49 years, mostly females. The major forms of contact with HBV in these cities were dental treatment, use of injectable medications, surgical procedures and multiple sexual partners.

  19. Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in the cities of the northern region of Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontes, André M; Ardisson, Juliana S; Souza, Marco A A; Freitas, Rodrigo R; Pancoto, João A T

    2016-09-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 2 billion people worldwide have already had contact with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and 373 million have become chronic carriers. Hepatitis B is a major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to a large number of deaths annually. Both viral factors and the host immune response have been implicated in the pathogenesis and clinical result of HBV infection. Many Brazilian cities, including the cities of the northern region of the state of Espírito Santo are located in regions with little health infrastructure. Our study performed an epidemiological analysis of cases of Hepatitis B in São Mateus, using methodology of Geographic Information System (GIS), aiming to raise the number of disease cases, establishing preventive measures to control the disease, improving the quality of life of people affected by this pathology. The city of São Mateus had the largest number of reported cases of hepatitis B northern region of Espírito Santo. The age group with the highest number of hepatitis B notifications was 20-49 years, mostly females. The major forms of contact with HBV in these cities were dental treatment, use of injectable medications, surgical procedures and multiple sexual partners.

  20. PAHs composition of surface marine sediments: a comparison to potential local sources in Todos Santos Bay, B.C., Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Zamora, J V; Mendoza-Vega, E; Villaescusa-Celaya, J A

    2002-01-01

    The analysis of the 16 polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed as priority pollutants by EPA, was carried out on surface sediments at 32 stations at Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico. The purpose was to investigate concentration levels, distribution patterns and relate them to three suspected local sources. The PAHs composition of car exhaust, grass and shrubs combustion, and asphalt and tire dust, were all compared to the relative abundance of PAHs signature found on marine sediments of the bay. We used GC-MS analysis in selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The total concentration found was low (from 7.6 to 813 ng/g of dry sediment. The average concentration was 96 ng/g). PAHs concentration was somewhat correlated (r = 0.612; P Todos Santos Canyon. The largest concentrations found were those of fluoranthene (120.6 ng/g), Indene(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (115.6 ng/g) and pyrene (109.9 ng/g). Percentagewise, the main components were PAHs with three and four rings. Several indexes were used to investigate origins including simple PAH ratios and ternary plots. These indexes and plots suggest the main origin as a combination of urban air and wood and brush fires with little influence of oil.

  1. Dead infants, cruel mothers, and heroic popes: the visual rhetoric of foundling care at the hospital of Santo Spirito, Rome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presciutti, Diana Bullen

    2011-01-01

    The fresco cycle painted at the behest of Pope Sixtus IV in the late 1470s in the main ward of the hospital of Santo Spirito in rome comprises an extended pictorial biography of Sixtus, prefaced by scenes representing the legendary foundation of the hospital by his predecessor Innocent III. The legend, which tells how Innocent established Santo Spirito as a foundling hospital in response to the discovery of victims of infanticide in the Tiber River, positions the pope as the savior of the city's unwanted children. This article elucidates how the construction and renovation of the hospital is presented in the cycle as a generative product of papal will, with the care of foundlings situated as an integral part of the image of the pope as both Father of the Church and restorer of past glory to the city of Rome. While the frescoes engage with both widespread conventions for representing infanticide and commonplace notions of the social value of caring for abandoned children, I demonstrate that the ideologically potent visual rhetoric of foundling care was also flexible, and could be adapted to meet the specific needs of a particular institutional and patronal context.

  2. Occurrence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in dogs from rural properties surrounding a biological reserve, Espirito Santo, Brasil

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    Igor da Cunha Lima Acosta

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the presence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in serum samples of 187 dogs from 30 rural properties surrounding Córrego do Veado Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The Reserve is one of the last lowland Atlantic Forest remnants of the region, surrounded by agriculture farms and cattle pastures. The presence of IgG antibodies was determined by the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test for T. gondii (cut-off 1:16 and N. caninum (cut-off 1:50. Positive samples were diluted 2-fold until the last positive dilution. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 77 (47.05% dogs and antibodies to N. caninum in 22 dogs (11.76% and one only dog was positive for both infections. No association between T. gondii and N. caninum infection and sex was observed (p>0.05. Control measures to prevent those infections in dogs that living surrounding the reserve and that had contact with wild animals are important to avoid the introduction of N. caninum in wild animals. This was the first study of frequency of occurrence of T. gondii and N. caninum in dogs from Espírito Santo, Brazil.

  3. A study of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in risk groups in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Andréa Gobetti Vieira; Zamarioli, Liliana Aparecida; Telles, Maria Alice; Ferrazoli, Lucilaine; Waldman, Eliseu Alves

    2012-09-01

    Monitoring the extent of and trends in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a priority of the Brazilian National Tuberculosis Control Programme. The current study aimed to estimate the incidence of MDR-TB, describe the profile of TB drug resistance in risk groups and examine whether screening for MDR-TB adhered to the recommended guidelines. A descriptive study that examined diagnosed cases of pulmonary TB was conducted in the city of Santos, Brazil, between 2000-2004. Of the 2,176 pulmonary TB cases studied, 671 (30.8%) met the criteria for drug sensitivity testing and, of these cases, 31.7% (213/671) were tested. Among the tested cases, 9.4% were resistant to one anti-TB drug and 15% were MDR. MDR was observed in 11.6% of 86 new TB cases and 17.3% of 127 previously treated cases. The average annual incidence of MDR-TB was 1.9 per 100,000 inhabitants-years. The extent of known MDR-TB in the city of Santos is high, though likely to be underestimated. Our study therefore indicates an inadequate adherence to the guidelines for MDR-TB screening and suggests the necessity of alternative strategies of MDR-TB surveillance.

  4. Distribution of bovine fasciolosis and associated factors in south Espírito Santo, Brazil: an update

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    Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins

    Full Text Available The geographical distribution and factors associated with bovine fasciolosis in the south of Espírito Santo were updated and the prevalences of this disease and of snails of the genus Lymnaea in the municipality of Jerônimo Monteiro were calculated. In the first stage, fecal samples were collected from 10% of the herds of 115 farms in 23 municipalities and interviews were conducted with owners. Generalized linear mixed models were used. In the second stage, in Jerônimo Monteiro municipality, feces and mollusks were collected from all farms registered in the milk cooperatives in the region. The mollusks were identified and examined for infection by Fasciola hepatica. Fasciolosis was diagnosed in 18 (78% of the 23 municipalities. Of the 1157 fecal samples examined, 19.01% were positive for eggs of F. hepatica. The final model shows statistical evidence of associations between positive farms and previous cases of fasciolosis and concomitant grazing of cattle with other definitive hosts. In the evaluated farms from the studied municipality the prevalence of fasciolosis and Lymnaea was of 66.7% and 23.8%, respectively. Mollusks were found in flooded areas and the animals' drinking water troughs. The wide geographical distribution of bovine fasciolosis in the south of Espírito Santo requires control measures to prevent its expansion towards the north of this state and other places characterized as F. hepatica free-infection.

  5. Effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic-like and hopelessness in Santo Daime members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, R G; Landeira-Fernandez, J; Strassman, R J; Motta, V; Cruz, A P M

    2007-07-25

    The use of the hallucinogenic brew ayahuasca, obtained from infusing the shredded stalk of the malpighiaceous plant Banisteriopsis caapi with the leaves of other plants such as Psychotria viridis, is growing in urban centers of Europe, South and North America in the last several decades. Despite this diffusion, little is known about its effects on emotional states. The present study investigated the effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic-like and hopelessness in members of the Santo Daime, an ayahuasca-using religion. Standard questionnaires were used to evaluate state-anxiety (STAI-state), trait-anxiety (STAI-trait), panic-like (ASI-R) and hopelessness (BHS) in participants that ingested ayahuasca for at least 10 consecutive years. The study was done in the Santo Daime church, where the questionnaires were administered 1h after the ingestion of the brew, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled procedure. While under the acute effects of ayahuasca, participants scored lower on the scales for panic and hopelessness related states. Ayahuasca ingestion did not modify state- or trait-anxiety. The results are discussed in terms of the possible use of ayahuasca in alleviating signs of hopelessness and panic-like related symptoms.

  6. Sedimentary characteristics and their effects on hatching success and incubation duration of Caretta caretta (Testudines: Cheloniidae in Espirito Santo, Brazil

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    Lauana Schneider Fadini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The beaches of Espírito Santo encompass the most important nesting sites of the loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758, in the South Atlantic Ocean. Previous research has shown that, unlike other nesting sites in Brazil, Espírito Santo harbors a large percentage of male individuals, which play an important role in maintaining the equilibrium of C. caretta populations in the South Atlantic. During the 2006/2007 reproductive season, four beaches presenting considerable geologic differences were monitored. The sedimentary features of the nesting sites (mineral composition, albedo, and grain size, nesting dates, and clutch sizes were correlated with hatching success and incubation duration. Results show that hatching success is mostly affected by clutch size _ and to a lesser extent, by grain size and albedo. Incubation duration is more sensitive to the characteristics of the nesting site, being affected by nesting date, clutch size, mineral composition, and grain size. However, results from one nesting site cannot be generalized or extended to other sites, because sediment properties are functions of the geological framework of the area and the interaction among environmental variables is far too complex. Our results reveal the importance of protecting areas with large geologic diversity, since sedimentary characteristics may affect incubation duration and embryo survival. Our findings are important in the scope of management activities, as nest transfer may alter nest microenvironment, impacting incubation duration and hatching success.

  7. Characterization of the lead smelter slag in Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade Lima, L.R.P. de, E-mail: lelo@ufba.br [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Federal University of Bahia, C.P. 6974, Salvador, BA 41810-971 (Brazil); Bernardez, L.A. [Ingenium Consultoria em Engenharia Ltda (Brazil)

    2011-05-30

    For 33 years, a primary lead smelter operated in Santo Amaro (Brazil). Since the 1970s, large amounts of Pb and Cd have been widely documented in the blood and hair of people living near the smelter. The plant closed down in 1993, and several years later, the Pb levels in the blood of children under 4 years of age living near the smelter were high, where the disposed lead slag was suspected to be the main source of this contamination. The objective of this study is to elucidate the source of the Pb contamination and any other potentially toxic contamination, focusing on the characterization of the slag. The samples used for this characterization study were taken from the slag heaps. The results of the chemical analysis showed that the major constituents of the slag, in decreasing order of wt%, were the following: Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (28.10), CaO (23.11), SiO{sub 2} (21.39), ZnO (9.47), MgO (5.44), PbO (4.06), Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (3.56), C (2.26), MnO (1.44), Na{sub 2}O (0.27), S (0.37), K{sub 2}O (0.26), and TiO{sub 2} (0.25). The Cd content of the slag was 57.3 mg/kg, which is relatively low. The X-ray diffraction and the electron probe microanalyzer X-ray mapping indicated that the major phases in the slag were wuestite, olivine, kirschsteinite, and franklinite. Only spheroidal metallic Pb was found in the slag. The leaching study showed that the slag was stable at a pH greater than 2.8, and only in an extremely acidic environment was the solubilization of the Pb enhanced significantly. The solubilization of Zn was very limited in the acidic and alkaline environments. These results can be explained by the limited leachability of the metallic Pb and Zn-bearing compounds. The leaching study used TCLP, SPLP, and SWEP and indicated that the lead slag was stable in weak acidic environments for short contact times.

  8. Apatite Fission-Track Analysis of the Middle Jurassic Todos Santos Formation from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullin, Fanis; Solé, Jesús; Shchepetilnikova, Valentina; Solari, Luigi; Ortega-Obregón, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    The Sierra de Chiapas (SCH), located in the south of Mexico, is a complex geological province that can be divided on four different lithological or tectonic areas: (1) the Chiapas Massif Complex (CMC); (2) the Central Depression; (3) the Strike-slip Fault Province, and (4) the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt. The CMC mostly consists of Permian granitoids and meta-granitoids, and represents the basement of the SCH. During the Jurassic period red beds and salt were deposited on this territory, related to the main pulse of rifting and opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Most of the Cretaceous stratigraphy contains limestones and dolomites deposited on a marine platform setting during the postrift stage of the Gulf of Mexico rift. During the Cenozoic Era took place the major clastic sedimentation along the SCH. According the published low-temperature geochronology data (Witt et al., 2012), SCH has three main phases of thermo-tectonic history: (1) slow exhumation between 35 and 25 Ma, that affected mainly the basement (CMC) and is probably related to the migration of the Chortís block; (2) fast exhumation during the Middle-Late Miocene caused by strike-slip deformation that affects almost all Chiapas territory; (3) period of rapid cooling from 6 to 5 Ma, that affects the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt, coincident with the landward migration of the Caribbean-North America plate boundaries. The two last events were the most significant on the formation of the present-day topography of the SCH. However, the stratigraphy of the SCH shows traces of the existence of earlier tectonic events. This study presents preliminary results of apatite fission-track (AFT) dating of sandstones from the Todos Santos Formation (Middle Jurassic). The analyses are performed with in situ uranium determination using LA-ICP-MS (e.g., Hasebe et al., 2004). The AFT data indicate that this Formation has suffered high-grade diagenesis (probably over 150 ºC) and the obtained cooling ages, about 70-60 Ma

  9. Owned dog demography in Todos Santos Cuchumatán, Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulczer, Andrew S; Jones-Bitton, Andria; Waltner-Toews, David; Dewey, Cate E

    2013-02-01

    A thorough knowledge of the dog demography should be an integral element in the planning, implementation and evaluation of dog population control measures. In May 2008, a door-to-door household census of human and owned canine populations was conducted in 12 contiguous neighbourhoods in the town of Todos Santos Cuchumatán, Guatemala. During the census, household and footpath data were recorded using a handheld Global Positioning System (GPS), and used to create digital census route maps, and perimeter and area estimates of the study region. Approximately 99% of all households (472/476) participated in the census, representing 2461 people in the overall estimated study region area of 80 hectares (ha). A total of 382 dogs were owned by 50.8% (240/472) of households, yielding means of 0.8 (382/472) owned dogs per household and 1.6 (382/240) dogs per dog-owning household. Of the total 382 owned dogs, 88.2% (337/382) were aged three months or older; of these, 68.5% (231/337) were reported as not normally being confined on the household property during the average day, and 9.7% (24/247) of the males and none of the females (0/81) were reported to be neutered. Of the households that owned female dogs, 89.7% (52/58) and 91.4% (53/58) reported that they would have females surgically or non-surgically neutered, respectively, if these services were available. Of the households that owned male dogs, 90.3% (176/195) and 92.3% (180/195) reported that they would have males surgically or non-surgically neutered, respectively, if these services were available. Approximately 72% (238/330) of owned dogs were vaccinated for rabies, and 80% (187/238) of these were males. The owned dog male:female ratio was 2.6:1 (275/107), the owned dog:human ratio was 1:6.4 (382/2461), and the absolute density was 478 (382/0.80) owned dogs/km(2). This knowledge of the owned dog demography was generated using simple means and has been of direct use in support of, and as baseline data for the planning

  10. Encefalopatia hereditária em bovinos no estado do Espírito Santo

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    Paulo V. Peixoto

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Descrevem-se os aspectos epidemiológicos e clínico-necroscópicos de uma doença neurológica hereditária observada em bovinos no município de Ecoporanga, norte do Estado do Espírito Santo. Trata-se de enfermidade do sistema nervoso central verificada exclusivamente em fêmeas, filhas de touro reprodutor de 5 anos de idade da raça Nelore, oriundo do município de Curvelo, Minas Gerais, com vacas mestiças Nelore x Quianini; bezerros machos oriundos deste cruzamento não demonstraram quaisquer sinais relacionados à enfermidade. Os sinais clínicos, presentes ao nascimento ou detectáveis nas primeiras semanas de vida, caracterizam-se por ataxia, perda do equilíbrio, instabilidade, andar em círculos, posicionamento incorreto dos membros no animal em estação ou em marcha (afastamento e/ou desvio de membros da posição normal e desvio lateral da coluna (eixo principal do corpo em diagonal. De animal para animal, há marcada variação na intensidade das manifestações clínicas. Os bovinos mais afetados morrem devido à incapacidade de se alimentar. O exame macroscópico evidenciou, em grau variável de intensidade, áreas de depressão assimétrica setorial, sobretudo nos lobos frontal e temporal do córtex telencefálico e no córtex cerebelar. Em adição observou-se atrofia de grupos musculares de membros correspondentes às porções defeituosas no sistema nervoso central. O estudo histológico inicial revelou que as áreas deprimidas devem-se à redução setorial de populações neuronais (provavelmente abiotrofia/atrofia principalmente nos lobos cerebrais frontal e temporal e nas camadas granular e molecular do córtex cerebelar. Estudos morfométrico, imunohistoquímico e ultraestrutural estão sendo realizados e devem trazer mais informações sobre os aspectos microscópicos e patogenéticos. Os achados epidemiológicos indicam que a enfermidade está diretamente ligada ao cromossoma X, com penetrância completa e

  11. Family meals and eating practices among mothers in Santos, Brazil: A population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Priscila de Morais; Lourenço, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer; Trude, Angela Cristina Bizzotto; Unsain, Ramiro Fernandez; Pereira, Patrícia Rocha; Martins, Paula Andrea; Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza

    2016-08-01

    This study investigates family meals among mothers and explores associations between eating with family and sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, and eating practices. A population-based cross-sectional study, using complex cluster-sampling, was conducted in the city of Santos, Brazil with 439 mothers. Frequency of family meals was assessed by asking if mothers did or did not usually have a) breakfast, b) lunch, and c) dinner with family. Linear regression analyses were conducted for the number of meals eaten with family per day and each of the potential explanatory variables, adjusting for the mother's age. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to analyze each factor associated with eating with family as classified categorically: a) sharing meals with family, b) not eating any meals with family. Only 16.4% (n = 72) of participants did not eat any meals with family. From the 83.6% (n = 367) of mothers that had at least one family meal per day, 69.70% (n = 306) ate dinner with their families. Mothers aged ≥40 years reported significantly fewer meals eaten with family compared to mothers aged 30-39 years (β: -0.26, p = 0.04). Having family meals was 54% more prevalent among mothers with ≥12 years of education (PR for no meals eaten with family: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.30; 0.96, p = 0.03), when compared to mothers with less than nine years of education. Eating no meals with family was 85% more prevalent among mothers who reported that eating was one of the biggest pleasures in their lives (PR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.21; 2.82, p = 0.004). We suggest the need for further research investigating the effects of family meals on mothers' health through nutritional and phenomenological approaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Assessing human-dog conflicts in Todos Santos, Guatemala: bite incidences and public perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunney, Meg; Jones, Andria; Stiles, Enid; Waltner-Toews, David

    2011-12-15

    The issues surrounding dog bites are a major public health concern, particularly in areas of low income where accessibility to adequate health care, veterinary medicine and sufficient management of canine population control is low. An understanding of the risk factors associated with human-dog conflicts may be important when establishing dog bite and disease prevention strategies. In May 2008, a census of 12 consociated neighbourhoods in Todos Santos, Guatemala was conducted to investigate dog bite incidences and the public perception of free-roaming dog populations. Approximately 16.5% (78/472) of households reported at least one dog bite between May 2006 and May 2008. In total, 85 incidents occurred: 49.4% (42/85) with adults (≥18 years) and 50.6% (43/85) children (dog bites by victim gender or among age categories, there was a non-significant trend of higher cumulative incidence of dog bites in children aged six to 17 years compared to other age categories. The anatomical location of the bite varied, but bites to the legs were the most common (73/85; 85.9%). Of the 85 reported dog bites, 5.9% (5/85) were from dogs from the victims' own households, 48.2% (41/85) were from a neighbour's dog, 9.4% (8/85) were from dogs regularly seen in the community, and 15.3% (13/85) were from dogs not regularly seen in the community; the ownership status of the latter two categories of dogs could not be determined. Approximately 21% (18/85) of respondents did not know the type of dog that bit. Residents were asked for their opinions on potential problems associated with dogs in the community. The majority of respondents strongly agreed that dogs posed physical risks (78.8%; 372/472), could transmit infections to people (88.6%; 418/472), scared the family (82.4%; 389/472) and were too high in number (82.6%; 390/472). There were significant but weak correlations between owning a dog and expressing negative perceptions of community dogs (Spearman rhodog bite was not significantly

  13. Circulation and salt intrusion in the Piaçaguera Channel, Santos (SP

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    Luiz Bruner de Miranda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of thermohaline properties and currents sampled at an anchor station in the Piaçaguera Channel (Santos Estuary in the austral winter was made in terms of tidal (neap and spring tidal cycles and non-tidal conditions, with the objective to characterize the stratification, circulation and salt transport due to the fortnightly tidal modulation. Classical methods of observational data analysis of hourly and nearly synoptic observations and analytical simulations of nearly steady-state salinity and longitudinal velocity profiles were used. During the neap tidal cycle the flood (v0 velocities varied in the range of -0.20 m/s to 0.30 m/s associated with a small salinity variation from surface to bottom (26.4 psu to 30.7 psu. In the spring tidal cycle the velocities increased and varied in the range of -0.40 m/s to 0.45 m/s, but the salinity stratification remained almost unaltered. The steady-state salinity and velocity profiles simulated with an analytical model presented good agreement (Skill near 1.0, in comparison with the observational profiles. During the transitional fortnightly tidal modulation period there was no changes in the channel classification (type 2a - partially mixed and weakly stratified, because the potential energy rate was to low to enhance the halocline erosion. These results, associated with the high water column vertical stability (RiL >20 and the low estuarine Richardson number (RiE=1.6, lead to the conclusions: i the driving mechanism for the estuary circulation and mixing was mainly balanced by the fresh water discharge and the tidal forcing associated with the baroclinic component of the gradient pressure force; ii there was no changes in the thermohaline and circulation characteristics due to the forthnigtly tidal modulation; and iii the nearly steady-state of the vertical salinity and velocity profiles were well simulated with a theoretical classical analytical model.A análise de dados termohalinos e correntes

  14. Benthic macrofauna of sandy intertidal zone at Santos estuarine system, São Paulo, Brazil

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    T.N. Corbisier

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Species composition, faunal density, species diversity and zonation patterns of benthic macrofauna, as well as its relation to sediment characteristics were examined and compared in three sandy beaches on the polyhaline area at Santos estuarine system in the State of São Paulo. Samples were collected quarterly during one year (July/1977 - May/1978. Low, mean and high intertidal levels were sampled. Polyehaetes dominated the fauna, both in terms of numbers of species and numbers of individuals. The community structure of Ponta da Praia beach was characterized by high density, low diversity (H' and evenness (J', due to the dominance of the spionid Scolelepis squamata. At Vicente de Carvalho the fauna was characterized by the dominance of the polyehaetes Laeonereis acuta and Capitella capitata and presented low density, high diversity and evenness. At Bertioga Channel, intermediate values were observed and the fauna was dominated by Scololepis squamata andLaeonereis acuta. The sediment texture was responsible for those figures, although some differences in diversity may be explained by differences in wave energy. The low number of crustaceans and molluscs suggests the effect of the estuarine pollution upon the fauna. The zonation pattern of both species distribution and community structure differed at the studied sites; it was not correlated with sediment characteristics which were relatively uniform down shore; however, the lowest diversity was observed at the high level in all sites.Neste trabalho foi estudada a macrofauna bentônica da zona entremarés arenosa da área polihalina do sistema estuarino de Santos. A composição em espécies, densidade e diversidade e o padrão de zonação da fauna foram analisados e comparados, bem como sua relação com as características do sedimento em três praias arenosas. As amostras foram coletadas trimestralmente durante o período de um ano (julho/1977 - maio/1978. Em cada local, foram amostrados os n

  15. Birds of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: do humans add or subtract species?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin O. Willis

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available In uplands and lowlands of Santa Teresa, central Espírito Santo State, Brazil, 405 bird species were confirmed by field, museum, and literature studies. Of these, 16 seem to have disappeared, while 67 other species seem to have been lost from the lowlands (where no large biological reserves exist. Due to a suggestion that human areas add species to beta-diversity, we verified that up to 79 species now present have perhaps "invaded" with human activity (and 10 others are likely to invade, a total similar to that for lost species. However, lost species are often rare and invading species often widespread, resulting in exchange of "Picassos for Coca-Cola bottles." Furthermore, gains exceed losses only when large biological reserves are present, as in the uplands (Nova Lombardia, Santa Lúcia Reserves, each with over 250 species. Small or irregular reserves usually lose well over half their species, and these are only partly replaced by the invaders, resulting in net losses of up to half the local avifaunas. If one lists only 31 probable invaders, rather than a possible 79, things are even worse; net losses occur even in the entire township and near reserves, reaching over 200 species around lowland private reserves. Future "productive" development of human areas can eliminate or maltreat many invading species, too. While approving taxes on improductive use of land, as it leaves other areas free, we suggest that many current local "uses," such as for coffee, are "luxury" production and could be taxed.Nas terras altas e baixas de Santa Teresa, região central do Estado de Espírito Santo, Brasil, 405 espécies de aves foram confirmadas por estudos de campo, museu e de literatura. Destas, 16 parecem ter desaparecido, enquanto outras 67 espécies parecem ter sido perdidas nas baixadas (onde não existem reservas biológicas de grande extensão. Baseado na sugestão de que as áreas humanas adicionam espécies à beta diversidade, nós verificamos que

  16. Representações de trabalhadores portuários de Santos-SP sobre a relação trabalho-saúde Representations of dock workers from Santos-SP concerning the relation between work and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Machin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa as representações de trabalhadores portuários avulsos do Porto de Santos-SP acerca das condições de trabalho, da relação trabalho-saúde e das estratégias adotadas para o cuidado em saúde a partir da perspectiva de gênero e das masculinidades. A pesquisa de natureza qualitativa desenvolveu-se na área de abrangência do Porto de Santos-SP. Foram entrevistados representantes de diferentes categorias de trabalhadores portuários, totalizando 13 entrevistas. O Porto é descrito pelos trabalhadores portuários como local perigoso, com grande ocorrência de acidentes. Eles atribuem esse risco à organização do trabalho e às condições muito heterogêneas sob as quais ele é realizado cotidianamente. As transformações no contexto imediato do trabalho portuário, produzidas nas últimas décadas, trazem implicações acerca dos padrões de adoecimento e sofrimento dessa população específica, ao mesmo tempo em que exigem paulatina (reprodução de valores e significados sobre ser homem e ser trabalhador portuário.This study analyses the representations of individual dock workers at the Port of Santos (state of São Paulo concerning working conditions, the relation between work and health, and also the adopted health care strategies from the perspective of gender and masculinities. Qualitative research was developed and a total of 13 interviews were conducted with representatives from different categories of dock workers. The Port is described by the workers as a dangerous place, where accidents occur very frequently. They attribute this risk to the organization of labor and to the very heterogeneous conditions in which it is conducted on a daily basis. The transformations that happened in the past decades in the immediate context of work on the docks have implications regarding the patterns of illness and suffering of this specific population; at the same time, they demand the gradual (reproduction of values and

  17. Silos. Un milenio. Actas del congreso Internacional sobre la Abadía de Santo Domingo de Silos. [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Labarga-García, F. (Fermín)

    2005-01-01

    Reseña de: Saturnino LÓPEZ SANTIDRIÁN, Silos. Un milenio. Actas del congreso Internacional sobre la Abadía de Santo Domingo de Silos, Universidad de Burgos-Abadía de Silos («Studia Silensia» XXV, I: Espiritualidad), Burgos 2003, 542 pp.

  18. Biodiversity and structure of the polychaete fauna from soft bottoms of Bahia Todos Santos, Baja California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Castañeda, V.; Harris, L. H.

    2004-03-01

    This paper describes diversity patterns of the polychaete fauna in Bahı´a Todos Santos (Pacific Ocean, Baja California, Mexico). Thirty-nine stations were sampled in October 1994. Measurements of depth, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, organic content and sediment particle size were made. Polychaetes constituted 64% of all invertebrate macrofauna, with 13,757 specimens in 44 families representing 203 species. The best represented families were Spionidae, Capitellidae, Paraonidae, Cirratulidae, Maldanidae, Ampharetidae and Nephtyidae. Bahı´a Todos Santos presented high species richness (species/station); values varied between 6 (near the harbor) and 67 species (next to Estero Punta Banda). Higher species richness values (48 species to 67/station) were located in the southern section of the bay. Abundances (individuals/station) were generally high (120-1434) except for some coastal stations. Nearly one-third of the stations presented H‧ values higher than 4.00. Diversity (H‧) values ranged from 2.06 to 4.80; higher diversity values were found in the southern section of the bay. The stress-predictability modeling characterized approximately 70% of stations as presenting favorable and stable conditions. Pearson and Bray-Curtis coefficients separated stations in relation to their sediment particle size, depth and location in the bay. Principal component analysis determined that organic matter content, percentage of silt-clay, and water depth accounted for 95% of the total variance for all environmental factors measured. Correspondence analysis distinguished three groups of species: Group A species with an extensive distribution throughout the bay and relatively high abundances, Group B species abundant in the shallow areas, especially near the harbor, and Group C species present in the area of the submarine canyon. Non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis separated five groups of stations, depending on depth, grain size and location in the bay. Our

  19. Estimate the potential production of electricity: a case study of the sanitary landfill of Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Estimativa do potencial de producao de eletricidade: estudo de caso do aterro sanitario de Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Elissando Rocha da; Moreira, Joao M. L.; Candiani, Giovano [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (IFSP), SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The recovery of the biogas generated from sanitary landfills, associated to its energetic use has been widely discussed. Thus, this paper aims to estimate the potential production of electric energy from sanitary landfill Santo Andre-SP. The biogas production was estimated using the rate of deposition of solid wastes in the landfill, using some mathematical models with parameters suggested by two models: LanGEM-USEPA (conventional landfill) and Word Bank. These results indicate that the potential of biogas production will be approximately 11 x 10{sup 6} Kg of methane/year in 2017 and production of electric energy in that year will be approximately 32,000 MWh, considering an of 75% over collection of biogas. (author)

  20. O bosque de mangues e a pesca artesanal no Distrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Bahia: uma abordagem etnoecológica = The mangrove forest and artisan fishing in the Acupe District (Santo Amaro, Bahia State, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Bezerra Souto

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Os manguezais são ecossistemas que apresentam alta biomassa e concentração de biodiversidade. Estas características favorecem a utilização por muitas populações que vivem tradicionalmente da mariscagem e da pesca artesanal, como é o caso da que habita oDistrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Estado da Brahia, situado na margem oeste da Baía de Todos os Santos. Além dos recursos pesqueiros, a população também faz uso da vegetação do manguezal, conhecida localmente como “mangue”. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo abordar conhecimentos de pescadores e marisqueiras sobre o bosque de mangues, bem como seus usos à luz da etnoecologia abrangente de Marques (1995. Foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas buscando-se registrar os conhecimentos e comportamentosenvolvidos na utilização dos mangues. Os resultados foram analisados em uma óptica emicista/eticista, comparando-se os conhecimentos locais com aqueles disponíveis na literatura científica e correlacionando-se os comportamentos observados com suas possíveisimplicações ambientais. Os dados obtidos revelaram um corpo de conhecimentos possuído pelos entrevistados sobre a vegetação do manguezal, incluindo classificação, ecologia trófica,fenologia e ecozoneamento e percepção ecossistêmica, por vezes compatíveis com os conhecimentos acadêmicos. Interações da comunidade pesqueira com o componente vegetal revelaram formas de percepção e de utilização de recursos fortemente associadas à cultura local e com implicações etnoconservacionistas.Mangrove ecosystems feature a high biomass and biodiversity concentration. High productivity supports the exploitation by manytraditional populations that survive on shellfish catching and artisan fishing, such as those living in the Acupe District, located in Santo Amaro, in the west coast of the Todos os Santos Bay (BahiaState, Northeastern Brazil. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the native knowledges

  1. Suporte Nutricional no Doente Crítico do Hospital do Divino Espírito Santo, EPE : Trabalho de Investigação : Nutritional Support in Critically ill Patient in Hospital Divino Espirito Santo, EPE

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Contém um relatório de estágio curricular realizado no Serviço de Endocrinologia e Nutrição do Hospital do Divino Espírito Santo, EPE, Ponta Delgada, no âmbito da licenciatura em Ciências da Nutrição pela Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto. O exemplar do relatório de estágio existe apenas em formato papel e está disponível para consulta na Biblioteca da FCNAUP Tese de licenciatura em Ciências da Nutrição apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição ...

  2. Modelagem numérica da região costeira de Santos (SP: circulação de maré Numerical modeling of the coast region of Santos (SP: tidal circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Harari

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi implementado o Princeton Ocean Model (POM para a região costeira de Santos (46° - 47°W, 23°40' - 24°30'S, com grade regular de resolução == I km e 11 níveis sigrna na vertical. O modelo foi utilizado em simulações de maré, com a especificação das correspondentes oscilações nos contornos, calculadas com base em mapas cotidais da plataforma. O modelo foi processado considerando isoladamente as componentes principais lunar e solar (M2 e S2, cada qual por 5 dias, e com as 9 principais componentes de maré conjuntamente, por 31 dias. As análises de maré das séries temporais de resultados possibilitaram a composição de mapas com linhas cotidais e eixos das elipses de correntes de superfície. Esses mapas indicam as características da propagação das ondas de maré na área modelada, com as distribuições espaciais de suas elevações e correntes. Os aspectos de maior interesse no estudo realizado são: o contraste das intensidades das circulações, entre a parte mais profunda e regiões internas rasas; as marcantes diferenças de intensidade de correntes nos dois lados da Baía de Santos; a convergência / divergência das correntes nos Canais de São Vicente e de Bertioga; assimetrias de maré nas regiões rasas; e rotação anti-horária das correntes na área costeira. O modelo pode ser utilizado em previsões operacionais de marés e correntes de maré na área de estudo.The Princeton Ocean Model (p0M was implemented for the coastal region of Santos (46° - 47°W, 23°40' - 24°30'S, with a regular grid of resolution == 1 km and 11 sigrna levels in the vertical. the model was used in tidal simulations, with the specification of the correspondent oscillations at the boundaries, computed through cotidal maps of the shelf. The model runs considering separately the lunar and solar principal components (M2 and S2, for 5 days each, and the 9 principal tidal constituents composed, for 31 days. The tidal analysis of the

  3. Hydrography of Bahia Todos Santos, Baja California: Results of more than twenty five years of investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustos-Serrano, H.; Canino-Herrera, S. R.; Morales-Chavez, R.; Martinez-Garcia, G. M.

    2007-05-01

    The first study of Bahia Todos Santos (BTS) was reported by Walton in 1955. We conducted oceanographic studies in BTS since 1979. The BTS has a connection with a coastal lagoon named Estero de Punta Banda (EPB), two islands at the western portion and the Port of Ensenada. The general hydrographic characteristics are: In winter the water became homogeneous, less saline (33.6) low temperature (13°C), low oxygen (~3mL L-1) and rich in nutrient concentration. The isothermal top layer has relatively high temperature (>17°C) and oxygen concentration (>6mL L-1). The intermediate transition layer (seasonal thermocline) has minimum salinity, maximum oxygen and high stability. During fall there is distribution of heat from the surface layer to the entire water column. The thermic waves propagate with decrease amplitude in ~3 months, from surface to bottom water. The California Current flow generally southward off the western United States and northern Mexico and is one of the major coastal upwelling of the word oceans. The upwelling events in BTS appear regularly at the SW portion and were typically characterized by an increase in pCO2, decrease of O2, increase of nutrients and a lower temperature. Upwelling activity increases surface nutrient availability causing rise in the primary productivity and hence increased zooplankton biomass. The annual upwelling event which had a maximum strength on May, the seasonal warming and cooling, and the water advection were the dominant modifying processes for the variability of seawater characteristics. Higher salinities are located close to the coastline and lower off the bay. The levels of oxygen, alkalinity, pH and chlorophyll indicate that the maximum concentration of phytoplankton is located at the center of the bay. The nitrification support the primary productivity and the NO3 levels were below detection limits; the N/P ratio in 2005 was from 10 to 25; and for 2006 was below 5. There is a net enrichment of anthropogenic

  4. Kinematic reconstitution and tectono-sedimentation associated to salt domes in deep water of Santos basin, Brazil; Reconstituicao cinematica e tectono-sedimentacao associada a domos salinos nas aguas profundas da bacia de Santos, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldas, Manuela Fernandes [PETROBRAS E e P - Exploracao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Polo Centro], E-mail: manuela.caldas@petrobras.com.br; Zalan, Pedro Victor [PETROBRAS E e P - Exploracao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Gestao de Projetos Exploratorios], E-mail: zalan@petrobras.com.br

    2009-05-15

    This article presents new methods for structural restoration and kinematic evolution of salt domes during the opening stages and growth of a passive margin in the Santos Basin. The traditional method or restoration of salt bodies uses software and a 3D database. Using 2D seismic data and adapting/improving methods published in the oil industry literature, we developed a method based on the observation of the stratal geometric patterns of sedimentary packages associated to the salt bodies such as tabular forms (straight parallel reflectors, pre or post-tectonic sedimentary sequences), or dish/bowl forms (with very distinct depocenters and thinned margins with fanning of dips, syntectonic/halokinetic sedimentary sequences), and on the determination/mapping of growth axes and thinning axes in halokinetic strata. Horizontal and vertical reconstitutions of the salt flow (inflation, deflation and horizontal flow) were deduced based on isochron (isopach maps in time) and axes maps and flattened seismic sections at the time of deposition of each associated sedimentary sequence. The resulting maps and reconstitutions presented an amazing correlation with the current patterns mapped in the study area. The interpreted tectonic phases of halokinetic evolution, deduced from the produced maps and reconstitutions, showed a good agreement with the regional events that affected the Santos Basin and adjoining basement. Based on those results, we believe that the application of this method provides an important contribution for the oil exploration industry, considering that it presents outstanding results based on 2D seismic data. It allows an understanding of the structural and kinematic evolution of the salt bodies and of the halokinetic sequences associated, with important implications on the modeling of petroleum systems, thus, reducing the risk of exploration prospects. (author)

  5. Dinâmica de populações de Euglossina (Hymenoptera, Apidae em mata ciliar, Urbano Santos, Maranhão, Brasil Population dynamics of Euglossina (Hymenoptera, Apidae in riparian forest, Urbano Santos, Maranhão, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane C. de Carvalho

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Machos de Euglossina foram coletados por meio de iscas-odores de benzoato de benzila, eucaliptol, eugenol, salicilato de metila, vanilina, durante um ano em área de mata ciliar, no município de Urbano Santos, Maranhão. As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente, entre 8 h e 16 h, totalizando 96 horas de amostragem. Foram amostrados 283 indivíduos, 4 gêneros e 16 espécies. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 foi o gênero mais abundante, seguido por Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909, Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841 e Exaerete Hoffmannsegg, 1817. As espécies mais freqüentes foram Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Eulaema cingulata (Fabricius, 1804, Exaerete smaragdina (Guérin-Menéville, 1845, Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, 1841 e Euglossa gaianii Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol foi a essência mais atrativa. As maiores freqüências de visitas ocorreram no período da manhã e a maior diversidade de espécies ocorreu no período chuvoso.Males of Euglossina bees were collected in benzil benzoate, eucaliptol, eugenol, methyl salicylate and vanillin scent baits, during one year in a riparian forest area, located in the municipality of Urbano Santos, Maranhão. The collections were carried out monthly, between 8 am and 4 pm, totalling 96 hours of sampling, resulting in 283 individuals, 4 genera and 16 species. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 was the most abundant genus, followed by Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909, Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841 and Exaerete Hoffmannsegg, 1817. The most frequent species were Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Eulaema cingulata (Fabricius, 1804, Exaerete smaragdina (Guérin-Menéville, 1845, Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, 1841 and Euglossa gaianii (Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol was the most attractive chemical bait. The highest frequencies of visits were in the morning and the highest diversity of species occurred in the rainy period.

  6. Comunidade de aves no Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil Birds of the Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José E. Simon

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho divulga a composição da comunidade de aves no Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande (PEFG, Vitória, Espírito Santo, com base em levantamentos de campo realizados entre janeiro e dezembro de 2003. Com um esforço de campo em torno de 450 horas, obtivemos um total de 120 espécies, distribuídas em 37 famílias. Pelo método Jackknife 1, estimou-se uma riqueza de 146 espécies (129 This paper provides the avifauna composition recorded between January and December 2003 in the Fonte Grande State Park (PEFG, municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. We obtained a total of 120 species belonging to 37 families, after 450 hours of field work. We estimated a richness of 146 species (129 < IC(95% < 163, according to Jackknife 1 method. However, the species accumulation curve has not reached its assintotics. Four species out of 120 recorded are endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (Leucopternis lacernulatus, Phaethornis idaliae, Thamnophilus ambiguus and Attila rufus, and one of them (L. lacernulatus is included in the list of Brazilian birds threatened with extinction. The comparison among the three basic inventory methods (auditive, sightseeing and net capture revealed that the sightseeing method detected the largest number of species (x² = 17.55, p < 5%, of which 26 (22% were recorded exclusively by this method. This result is explained by the dominance of open landscape species in the Park, associated with the type of field work employed in this study.

  7. A Universidade Federal do Recôncavo como política de desenvolvimento regional no espaço intraurbano de Santo Antônio de Jesus

    OpenAIRE

    Santana, Elissandro Trindade de; Marengo, Shanti Nitya

    2012-01-01

    p. 35-57 Este artigo discute os efeitos da implantação do campus da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo (UFRB) em Santo Antônio de Jesus-BA. Para tanto, utilizou-se a bibliografia pertinente e material iconográfico. Teoricamente, foi usada uma perspectiva multiescalar, analisando o desenvolvimento de Santo Antônio de Jesus no contexto de sua região, o Recôncavo. Demonstrou-se como Santo Antônio de Jesus tem sua evolução associada a essa região. Paralelamente, mostrou-se como a...

  8. Subtidal benthic marine algae of the Marine State Park of Laje de Santos (São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto M. Amado Filho

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Laje de Santos Marine State Park has been pointed out as a site of high marine diversity. In spite of its importance to conservation of marine biota no results of investigations about its marine biodiversity have been published. The aim of this work was to characterize the subtidal seaweed flora of this Marine Park. Samplings were performed by scuba diving: a qualitative one that included the subtidal zone down to 26 m depth and other quantitative at two pre-determined depths, 10 and 20 m. Among the 129 taxa identified, 5 species were identified for the first time for the São Paulo State, 3 for the Brazilian coast and 1 for the South Atlantic Ocean. The most abundant algae were Sargassum vulgare and turf composed by geniculate coralline and filamentous groups. The frequency of occurrence of taxa revealed that most of species are restricted to frequencies less than 20 % in all samples. The analyses of the subtidal marine benthic algal flora indicate the Marine State Park of Laje de Santos as a site of elevated species richness and that its floristic composition is related to a benthic community structure dominated by turf-forming groups and population of S. vulgare.O Parque Estadual Marinho da Laje de Santos tem sido apontado como local de elevada diversidade marinha. Apesar de sua importância para a conservação da biota marinha não existem resultados efetivamente publicados. O objetivo deste trabalho é o de caracterizar a flora marinha bentônica desse Parque Marinho. Amostragens foram realizadas por mergulho autônomo: uma qualitativa que incluiu a zona do sublitoral até a profundidade de 26 m e outra quantitativa em duas profundidades pré-determinadas, 10 e 20 m.. Dentre os 129 táxons encontrados, foram identificadas pela primeira vez, 5 espécies para o Estado de São Paulo, 3 espécies para o litoral brasileiro e 1 espécie para o Atlântico sul. As algas mais abundantes foram Sargasum vulgare e tufos compostos de coralin

  9. Relatório de Estágio Curricular - Banco Espírito Santo (Guimarães)

    OpenAIRE

    Baptista, Bruna

    2012-01-01

    De acordo com o programa curricular do curso de Gestão da Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão do Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, os alunos têm de realizar um estágio curricular ao qual está associada a elaboração de um relatório. Este é o fruto do meu estágio efetuado no Banco Espírito Santo, no balcão de Guimarães Sul, decorrido entre 16 de Agosto e 11 de Novembro de 2011. O presente relatório tem por finalidade dar a conhecer a instituição bancária, o local e as atividades desenvolvi...

  10. Helminth fauna of Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758 in the south of Espírito Santo State in Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binoti E.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Due to an inadequate knowledge about threats to the sea turtle, we aimed to evaluate the helminth fauna of Chelonia mydas which had died on the southern coast of Espirito Santo, Brasil and described the associated tissue pathological lesions. Retrospective and prospective studies on turtle parasites were conducted and tissues samples were collected. 106 of 212 of sea turtles (50 % were parasitized, and 47 of 106 of infected animals 43.0 % (47/106 were in poor health condition. Seven trematoda families covering 19 different helminths species were identified. Turtles were inhabited with one or more species of parasites, and there was no significant association between parasitism and weakness of the animals. Trematode eggs, with or without giant cells in tissues of various organs were observed.

  11. Detección por pcr de Anaplasma spp. en caprinos del municipio de Los Santos, Santander‑Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Jimenez, Angela; Garcia, Alba; Angulo, Carolina; Gómez, Joaquín

    2013-01-01

    Mediante pcr semianidada se amplificó una porción de 347 pb del gen msp5 para determinar la presencia de Anaplasma spp. en caprinos de la Mesa de Los Santos, Santander. A partir de 600 individuos se seleccionó una muestra de 99 animales utilizando una afijación proporcional. A cada uno de los caprinos se les realizó un examen semiológico y la extracción de una muestra sanguínea para pcr semi-anidada, medición de hematocrito, hemoglobina, evaluación de la morfología de los glóbulos rojos y obs...

  12. First stranding records of Ziphius cavirostris (Cetacea, Odontoceti on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Silva Pereira Mayorga

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the first stranding records of Ziphius cavirostris (Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier, 1823 (Cetacea, Odontoceti in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The first occurrence was recorded in the second half of 2007 on Trindade Island (20°30’46,82”S, 29°18’26,32”O, a volcanic island located 1.167km away from the mainland, where morphometric data were not collected. The other occurrence was recorded in the second half of 2009 in the city of Vila Velha (20º22’570”S, 40º18’292”O, where morphometric data were collected.

  13. Geochemical markers of sedimentary organic matter in Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia - Brazil. Indicators of sources and preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, José Roberto Bispo; do Rosário Zucchi, Maria; Costa, Alexandre Barreto; de Azevedo, Antonio Expedito Gomes; Spano, Saulo

    2017-06-30

    Natural stable isotopes, such as carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), are modern tools to assess geochemical processes. C and N in organic matter can carry fingerprints of their hydrologic flows and sedimentary processes, including any anthropogenic modification on the natural system. This study focuses on the determination of aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and isotopic ratio in the sediment of Todos os Santos Bay (TSB). The isotopic results of the total organic matter indicate varied contribution marine and terrigenous. Typical rates of PAHs mainly indicate a pyrogenic source and mixture between pyrogenic and petrogenic sources. Typical ratios for the n-alkanes indicate the presence of petroleum hydrocarbons. The isotopic composition of n-alkanes suggests a mixture of sources, with the possible contribution of petrogenic. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  14. Assessment of health risk related to the ingestion of trace metals through fish consumption in Todos os Santos Bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Santana, Carolina Oliveira; de Jesus, Taíse Bomfim; de Aguiar, Willian Moura; de Jesus Sant'anna Franca-Rocha, Washington; Soares, Carlos Alberto Caroso

    2017-05-01

    This study was carried out to evaluate the concentration of trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) in the muscle of carnivorous fish species from three different areas of Todos os Santos Bay (BTS), Bahia State, Brazil. Trace elements were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), and consumption rates advisory for minimizing chronic systemic effects in children and adults were estimated. As concentrations in fish samples from Jiribatuba were higher than legal limits set by FAO, and Cd concentrations in fish from Iguape Bay were high in comparison with FAO and EC. This study provides information about the fish consumption limits, considering the elements concentrations observed in the analyses, in particular As and Cd, necessary for minimizing potential health risks.

  15. The Network Of Cities Of The Espírito Santo: Polarization And Challenges For Public Policy

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    Ricardo M. RUIZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article assesses the current cities network in the state of Espírito Santo, showing its rigidity and polarization. To identify and simulate this network was chosen the use of a gravity model. From this methodology, was examined a portfolio investment and its possible impacts on the territorial organization of the state. The assessment is that the portfolio is still very concentrated in Grande Vitória, but major investments begin to spread along the coast (both north and south, which opens the possibility of performance of public policies for strengthening alternative regional hubs and better distributed by this state. This policy, to be most effective, should also focus on the change in the profile of the investments in the state, still concentrated mainly in the production of commodities.

  16. Boaventura de Sousa Santos: une proposition du dialogue interculturel à l'époque de la mondialisation

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    Antoni Jesús Aguiló Bonet

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la definición de la globalización neoliberal como un localismo occidental globalizado, expresión de un nuevo tipo de imperialismo cultural, el objetivo principal de este artículo es el de llevar a cabo una exposición analítica de la propuesta de traducción intercultural e interpolítica de Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Ésta es presentada como un planteamiento actual que señala la necesidad de repensar las relaciones interculturales e internacionales desde una práctica dialógica, poscolonial y emancipadora capaz de plantear alternativas al monoculturalismo empobrecedor que el imperialismo cultural supone para la diversidad cultural y humana.

  17. Santos, Boaventura de Sousa, Para uma revolução democrática da justiça

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    Fábio de Sá e Silva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Dentre os maiores benefícios que nós brasileiros podemos auferir da conhecida empatia que Boaventura de Sousa Santos nutre pelo país está a sua permanente disposição não só para analisar alguns dos problemas que afligem a nossa sociedade, mas também para tomar partido de lutas importantes ao fortalecimento da nossa democracia. Um exemplo notável disso ocorreu há bem pouco, quando ele esteve em Belo Horizonte para proferir uma palestra a uma platéia que não era composta por grandes nomes da ci...

  18. Working conditions, career time and education teacher health physical dimensions of the Espírito Santo

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    Mariana Pozzatti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Discusses working conditions, career time and health dimensions of 87 physical education teachers working in five municipalities of the Espirito Santo (Guarapari, Nova Venecia, Santa Teresa, Viana and Vitoria, participants of the survey from national research Teaching Work in basic education in Brazil. This is a quantitative and qualitative study of descriptive and interpretative character, which is based on the classification of cycles / phases / stages of teacher career Huberman (2007 and dialogues, especially with Santini (2004; 2005 and Almeida (2008. Concludes that the relationship between working conditions and career time, taken in isolation, does not determine the health and malaise of the teaching professional and that this process is complex, depending on a set of factors involving pedagogical issues, professional and personal.

  19. Valores de referência de qualidade para metais pesados em solos no Estado do Espírito Santo

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    Henrique de Sá Paye

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Valores de referência de qualidade (VRQ para metais pesados em solos, em âmbito mundial, são bastante heterogêneos. No Brasil, poucos estudos para estabelecer esses valores foram concluídos. Na ausência de VRQ para metais pesados em solos, estabelecidos para as condições do Estado do Espírito Santo, utilizam-se valores genéricos internacionais ou desenvolvidos para outros Estados. Entretanto, deve-se ressaltar que o uso desses valores pode levar a avaliações inadequadas, já que existem diferenças nas condições técnicas e variáveis ambientais de cada região, em especial das condições geológicas, hídricas e pedológicas. Essas diferenças justificam o desenvolvimento de uma tabela própria com VRQ para metais pesados em solos, adequada às condições do Estado do Espírito Santo. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo buscou obter os teores naturais de 10 metais pesados e verificar a distribuição desses elementos nos solos das bacias hidrográficas Riacho, Reis Magos e Santa Maria da Vitória, no Estado do Espírito Santo, tendo em vista o estabelecimento de Valores de Referência de Qualidade (VRQ. Para isso, foram determinados os teores totais por ataque ácido, com digestão em forno micro-ondas, conforme o método SW-846 3052 da Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA e dosagem por espectrofotometria de emissão óptica com plasma induzido (ICP- OES. Os teores totais extraídos nos solos dessas bacias hidrográficas são relativamente baixos e inferiores aos reportados para solos de regiões brasileiras e de outros países. Os teores de cádmio ficaram abaixo do limite de detecção (LD do método para todas as amostras. Em consequência, os VRQ obtidos para 12 metais pesados no Estado do Espírito Santo foram semelhantes ou inferiores aos obtidos para outras regiões do Brasil e do mundo. Os VRQ obtidos a partir do percentil 75 (quartil superior para As (< 12,83, Cd (< 0,13, Co (10,21, Cr (54,13, Cu (5,91, Mn (137,80, Mo (1

  20. Os cânticos do quântico – Roberto Corrêa dos Santos

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    Sérgio da Fonseca Amaral

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ao abordar a obra poética, teórica e crítica de Roberto Corrêa dos Santos, este artigo tem como propósito não apenas analisar parte de seus textos, como também fazer uma apresentação geral e incisiva sobre a obra desse pensador militante pela causa da vida, da liberdade e da leveza. Livros, textos, poemas, objetos, performances, interpretações são seus meios técnicos de inserir-se, adentrar e fazer avançar a afirmação. Afirmar a vida, eis sua poesia; eis tudo.

  1. Assessment of metal concentrations in muscles of the blue crab, Callinectes danae S., from the Santos Estuarine System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordon, Isabella C A C; Sarkis, Jorge E S; Tomás, Acácio R G; Scalco, Allan; Lima, Mariana; Hortellani, Marcos A; Andrade, Nathalia P

    2012-09-01

    This study determined the concentrations of eleven metals in the blue crab, Callinectes danae, from nine sites in the Santos Estuarine System of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The results were compared to guidelines established in the United States, Europe and Brazil for the safety of human consumers. Muscles of blue crabs were removed by dissection and concentrations of Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn Ni, Pb and Zn were determined. In general, the concentrations of metals were low, and the crabs were regarded as safe for human consumption. Crabs from a single site (site 4) exceeded the guidelines established by the United States and Europe, but not Brazil, for Pb, with a mean tissue concentration of 1.725 μg g(-1). With the exception of Al, Fe and Ni, significant differences were noted between sites in the concentrations of each metal in crab tissue.

  2. Rhodnius amazonicus Almeida, Santos & Sposina, 1973, Bona Species, Close to R. pictipes Stål, 1872 (Heteroptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae

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    J-M Bérenger

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The discovery of two atypical specimens of Rhodnius pictipes Stål, 1872 in French Guiana and the examination of the female holotype of R. amazonicus Almeida, Santos & Sposina, 1973, the only specimen of this species so far known, lead us to propose the rehabilitation of R. amazonicus synonymized with R. pictipes. The male is described for the first time and the female redescribed. Both external characters and genitalia distinguish R. amazonicus from R. pictipes. R. amazonicus shows affinities not only with pictipes but also with R. stali Lent, Jurberg & Galvão, 1993 and R. paraensis Sherlock, Guitton & Miles, 1977. A key is provided for these four species forming, in all likelihood, a natural group, i.e. the "pictipes group".

  3. Pembentukan Karakter dan Pengembangan Kompetensi Siswa Pendidikan Teknik di SMK Katolik Santo Mikael Surakarta melalui Penerapan Total Quality Management

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    FX. Supriyono Raharjo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan proses pembentukan karakter, pengembangan kompetensi siswa, budaya kerja, dan TotalQuaBty Management (TQM di SMK Katolik Santo Mikael (SMK Mikad Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif, dengan sumber informasi para pengelola, pelaksana, dan pelanggan. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan studi dokumen yang relevan. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan pembentukan karakter dan pengembangan kompetensi di SMK Mikael dilakukan melalui empat hal. Pertamat pelaksanaan proses pendidikan dan pelatihan berbasis produksi atau Production Based Training (PBT dan penerapan manajemen mutu ISO 9001:2000. Kedua, pelaksanaan kegiatan intrakurikuler (teori dan praktik dan kegiatan ekstrakurikuler mencakup rekoleksi, retret rohani, oleh raga, musik, pecinta alam, dan bela diri. Ketiga, penerapan Kurikulum SMK 2004 diorientasikan kepada kebutuhan dunia usaha dan industri. Keempat, penerapan indikator mutu berbasis pada kepuasan pelanggan dan standar mutu dan persentase serapan dan evaluasi tiap tahun. Kata kunci: pembangunan karakter, pengembangan kompetensi, TQM

  4. Asentamiento, desarrollo y ocaso de la Orden del Santo Sepulcro en Galicia. Un panorama general y un documento singular

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    García Tato, Isidro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Order of the Holy Sepulchre, despite its early presence in the old kingdom of Galicia, possibly favored by the good relations between jerosilimitana and compostelana churches, failed to achieve in the visibility of the Santiago Order in Galicia, the mitifi cation of the Temple or the importance and significance of St. John of Jerusalem. However, even though the usual precariousness and brevity of the mediaeval sources worth of orders in Galicia, it´s posible to reconstruct with contextualized and solid documented properly its implementation, development and decline; this was until late in Galicia in mid-sixteenth century, a few years after the abolition of the Order (1489 and the integration of their property in St. John. These pages are complete with the release of a unique document, the will and testament of one of the last knight commanders of the Holy Sepulchre in Galicia, friar Juan de Loureiro (1467, which is so far the only maintained of a knight friar in the Middle Ages.

    La Orden del Santo Sepulcro, a pesar de su temprana presencia en el viejo reino gallego, posiblemente favorecida por las buenas relaciones entre la iglesia jerosilimitana y la compostelana, no llegó a alcanzar en Galicia la notoriedad de la de Santiago, la mitificación de la del Temple o la importancia y trascendencia de la de San Juan de Jerusalén. Sin embargo, y aún a pesar de la habitual precariedad y parquedad de las fuentes medievales de las órdenes en Galicia, se puede dibujar con cierta nitidez un panorama sólido debidamente contextualizado y documentado de su implantación, desarrollo y ocaso, retrasado en Galicia hasta mediados del siglo XVI, años después de la supresión de la Orden (1489 y de la integración de sus bienes en la de San Juan. Estas páginas se completan con la edición de un documento singular, el testamento de uno de los últimos comendadores de los bienes del Santo Sepulcro en Galicia, frey Juan de Loureiro (1467, que es

  5. Ethical proceedings against dentists in Espírito Santo for infringements to the code of dental ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos Pacheco, Karina Tonini dos; Silva Junior, Manoelito Ferreira; Meireles, Naiara Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    Just like any other profession, dentistry requires ethical and moral responsibilities that must be fulfilled, and the duty of every professional is to meet his obligations under the law. In light of the Código de Ética Odontológica (CEO-Code of Dental Ethics), this research aims to expound on the ethical violations committed by dentists in their practice, according to the ethical review process proposed by the Conselho Regional de Odontologia do Estado do Espírito Santo (CRO/ES-Regional Council of Dentistry of the State of Espírito Santo). The study is both retrospective and descriptive, using a quantitative approach. Data collection comprised all the ethical proceedings filed at the CRO/ES, between the years 2000 and 2011. Considering the 529 cases examined, the most frequent reason for infringement was illicit advertising (39.7%), followed by technical error (18.7%), irregular registration (16.8%), patient/professional relationship (11.3%) tax lien foreclosure (6.6%), professional/professional relationship (4.0%), irregular/illegal cover up practice (0.9%), consumer relations (0.8%), failure to provide care (0.6%), false certification (0.4%), and disrespect for authority and colleagues (0.2%). Most (59.2%) of the dental surgeons (DSs) involved were male, 35.5% were between 31 and 40 years of age, 85.8% had graduated over five (5) years prior, and 73.2% were general practitioners. Only 22 (4.2%) cases went to trial, resulting in 8 (36.4%) acquittals and 14 (63.6%) convictions. The most commonly applied penalties were private warning+pecuniary penalty (8 or 57.1%). It was concluded that the CEO must be followed with more discipline, and that professionals should seek information about their duties and obligations under the law, on behalf of patient welfare.

  6. Building materials with sustainable and reusable characteristics in the State of Espírito Santo (Brazil

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    Márcia Bissoli Dalvi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A especificação de um novo material de construção é uma ação de grande responsabilidade, pois além do desempenho, devem ser considerados os consequentes impactos ambientais, econômicos e sociais. Diante disso, e considerando o papel do ensino na formação dos arquitetos, desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa, reunindo professores e alunos de duas disciplinas do curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. O objetivo é verificar a disponibilidade e a efetiva utilização de materiais de construção denominados “sustentáveis”, no Estado do Espírito Santo (Brasil. A metodologia utilizada abordou dois aspectos: (a pesquisa da oferta de materiais de construção “sustentáveis” no local e em lojas de materiais de construção e (b visitas às edificações construídas com esses materiais. Como ferramentas foram utilizados um formulário semiestruturado para registro das observações da pesquisa de campo e registros fotográficos. Constatou-se que grande parte das edificações que utilizam estes materiais é de uso comercial. Devido ao desconhecimento de suas potencialidades por arquitetos e consumidores, os mesmos não são aplicados em larga escala. Foram identificados três tipos de usuários que utilizam os materiais pesquisados: 1. “Ambientalmente consciente” (usa por opção; 2. “Criativo por necessidade” (utiliza como situação alternativa; e 3.“Ambientalmente chic” (adota por “estar na moda”.

  7. The Hermeneutics of the Gozos for Señor Santo Niño de Cebu

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    Jamaal Omamalin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study unveiled the historical roots and interpretations of the Gozos for Señor Santo Niño de Cebu. It sought to answer these objectives: identify the history and lyrical interpretation of the Batobalani, interpret the Batobalani in the perspective of the church and the devotees, and feature the symbolism of the waving of the hands during the singing of the Batobalani in the perspective of the church and the devotees. This study used the hermeneutics design of the verses of the Gozos of the Santo Niňo. The Gozos was interpreted using content analysis with historical sociological perspectives. This analysis is deepened with devotees’ narratives. The devotees were selected through a convenience sampling, especially those who attended the nine days novena masses. The Batobalani, as manifested in its verses, told the story of Christianity and Christianization of the Cebuanos by the Spanish missionaries–from the discovery of image in 1565 to the integralization of the worship and praise of the Holy Child in the lives of the Cebuano devotees. Further, as interpreted by the Church, the Batobalani signifies the surrendering of the people to God, the admittance of weakness, an invocation of mercy and protection from God. As interpreted by the devotees, the Batobalani signifies praise, offering, gratitude and request, and a manifestation of God’s passion and compassion toward His people. Further, the raising and waving of the hands, according to the Church, signifies the need for God, the expression of joy, the reaching out for God. According to the devotees, the raising and waving of the hands signifies joy, thanksgiving, and a gesture of request.

  8. Proyecto Vidas Paralelas Indígena: revelando el pueblo Tupinikim de Espírito Santo, Brasil.

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    Vilma Benedito de OLIVEIRA

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experincia se refiere al grupo étnico Tupinikim, habitante de un territorio localizado en el município de Aracruz (Estado de Espírito Santo, que representa uno de los sectores sociales más antiguos del área, Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 100 perteneciente al tronco lingüístico Tupi de la familia tupi-guaraní. Además de los datos históricos que datan de la colonización portuguesa y de la reducción jesuítica, se resalta la situación creada por el gobierno del estado que dió por resultado la compra y posesión por parte de una multinacional (Aracruz Celulose de tierras indígenas, su invasión por campesinos y la lucha de los pueblos indígenas por su recuperación. Finalmente fue reconocida la demarcación de 18.100 hectáreas de las “Terras Indígenas Comboios e Tupinikim”, recién en 2009. Se describen las asociaciones indígenas que unen a los tupinikim y guaraní. Se detalla la incipiente presencia de estudiantes indígenas en universidades públicas y la pérdida gradual de conocimientos y prácticas tradicionales. El Distrito Sanitario Especial Indígena de Minas Gerais / Espírito Santo (DESEI es responsable por la atención a la salud de los indígenas de los dos estados y tiene su sede en Governador Valadares (MG, muy distante de Aracruz, lo cual plantea dificultades administrativas.

  9. An Account of the Accessioned Specimens in the Jose Vera Santos Memorial Herbarium, University of the Philippines Diliman

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    Sandra L. Yap

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The University of the Philippines Herbarium was established in 1908 and originally located in Ermita, Manila. The majority of its pre-war collections were destroyed during World War II, and no formal records of its specimens were preserved. Since then, multiple efforts to restore and improve the Herbarium have been proposed and implemented, most notably its move to the UP Diliman campus. In 1999, the Herbarium was off icially renamed as the Jose Vera Santos Memorial Herbarium after the noted grass expert, who initiated rehabilitation work in the Herbarium after the war. The Herbarium is registered with the international code PUH in the Index Herbariorum, a global directory of public herbaria managed by the New York Botanical Garden. To assess the accessioned (uniquely numbered and recorded collection of the Herbarium, an electronic database of its accessions was created.The Herbarium currently contains 14,648 accessions, 12,681 (86.6% of which were collected in the Philippines. This is comprised of 309 families, 1903 genera, and 4485 distinct species. Thirty-nine type specimens form part of the collection, only one of which is a holotype. On the basis of major plant groups, angiosperms make up 71% of the collection. Unsurprisingly, Family Poaceae has the largest number of specimens at 2,759 accessions. The earliest dated Philippine specimen was collected by E.D. Merrill in 1902, and roughly half of the total accessioned specimens were collected in the 1950s and 1970s. The two most prolif ic collectors were Santos and Leonardo L. Co, with 2,320 and 2,147 specimens, respectively. Luzon is the most well-represented island group with 2,752 specimens collected in Metro Manila alone. At present, PUH Curator James V. LaFrankie is working on the expansion of the collection and upgrading of the herbarium to encourage future educational and research activities.

  10. Breaking the cycles of poverty: Strategies, achievements, and lessons learned in Los Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990–2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blandón, Elmer Zelaya; Källestål, Carina; Peña, Rodolfo; Perez, Wilton; Berglund, Staffan; Contreras, Mariela; Persson, Lars-Åke

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: In a post-war frontier area in north-western Nicaragua that was severely hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, local stakeholders embarked on and facilitated multi-dimensional development initiatives to break the cycles of poverty. Objective: The aim of this paper is to describe the process of priority-setting, and the strategies, guiding principles, activities, achievements, and lessons learned in these local development efforts from 1990 to 2014 in the Cuatro Santos area, Nicaragua. Methods: Data were derived from project records and a Health and Demographic Surveillance System that was initiated in 2004. The area had 25,893 inhabitants living in 5,966 households in 2014. Results: A participatory process with local stakeholders and community representatives resulted in a long-term strategic plan. Guiding principles were local ownership, political reconciliation, consensus decision-making, social and gender equity, an environmental and public health perspective, and sustainability. Local data were used in workshops with communities to re-prioritise and formulate new goals. The interventions included water and sanitation, house construction, microcredits, environmental protection, school breakfasts, technical training, university scholarships, home gardening, breastfeeding promotion, and maternity waiting homes. During the last decade, the proportion of individuals living in poverty was reduced from 79 to 47%. Primary school enrolment increased from 70 to 98% after the start of the school breakfast program. Under-five mortality was around 50 per 1,000 live births in 1990 and again peaked after Hurricane Mitch and was approaching 20 per 1,000 in 2014. Several of the interventions have been scaled up as national programs. Conclusions: The lessons learned from the Cuatro Santos initiative underline the importance of a bottom-up approach and local ownership of the development process, the value of local data for monitoring and evaluation, and the need

  11. Breaking the cycles of poverty: Strategies, achievements, and lessons learned in Los Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blandón, Elmer Zelaya; Källestål, Carina; Peña, Rodolfo; Perez, Wilton; Berglund, Staffan; Contreras, Mariela; Persson, Lars-Åke

    2017-01-01

    In a post-war frontier area in north-western Nicaragua that was severely hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, local stakeholders embarked on and facilitated multi-dimensional development initiatives to break the cycles of poverty. The aim of this paper is to describe the process of priority-setting, and the strategies, guiding principles, activities, achievements, and lessons learned in these local development efforts from 1990 to 2014 in the Cuatro Santos area, Nicaragua. Data were derived from project records and a Health and Demographic Surveillance System that was initiated in 2004. The area had 25,893 inhabitants living in 5,966 households in 2014. A participatory process with local stakeholders and community representatives resulted in a long-term strategic plan. Guiding principles were local ownership, political reconciliation, consensus decision-making, social and gender equity, an environmental and public health perspective, and sustainability. Local data were used in workshops with communities to re-prioritise and formulate new goals. The interventions included water and sanitation, house construction, microcredits, environmental protection, school breakfasts, technical training, university scholarships, home gardening, breastfeeding promotion, and maternity waiting homes. During the last decade, the proportion of individuals living in poverty was reduced from 79 to 47%. Primary school enrolment increased from 70 to 98% after the start of the school breakfast program. Under-five mortality was around 50 per 1,000 live births in 1990 and again peaked after Hurricane Mitch and was approaching 20 per 1,000 in 2014. Several of the interventions have been scaled up as national programs. The lessons learned from the Cuatro Santos initiative underline the importance of a bottom-up approach and local ownership of the development process, the value of local data for monitoring and evaluation, and the need for multi-dimensional local interventions to break the cycles of

  12. A instrução pelo riso em Santo Agostinho = Religious instruction by amusement in St. Augustine

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    Marcia Maria Medeiros

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Santo Agostinho autor de várias obras, entre elas a que originou este artigo, intitulada A Instrução aos Catecúmenos, e referenda partindo do pressuposto de que o ser humano está em peregrinação nesse mundo rumando para a Jerusalém Celeste. No livro analisado neste artigo, Santo Agostinho mostra como o catequista deve se utilizar da alegriae do riso enquanto elementos que facilitem o ensino da religião cristã aqueles e aquelas que pretendem fazer parte dela. A partir desse processo é possível perceber como o riso possui uma lógica de fundamental importância no que tange ao funcionamento das práticas sociais e culturais de um determinado grupo humano em um determinado momento histórico, servindo como ferramenta para ações práticas em torno de vários assuntos, inclusive pedagógicas.St. Augustine, the author of several books, including Instruction for catechumens, analyzed in current essay, bases his arguments on the presupposition that all human beings are on a pilgrimage towards the Heavenly Jerusalem. In the book reviewed in the present essay, Augustine shows how the catechist should use mirth and amusement as factors that facilitate the teaching of the Christian religion to people who desire to partake of the latter. Such process shows the manner amusement has a fundamentally important logic with regard to the functioning of social and cultural practices of a particular group within a given historical moment. Actually it is a tool for practical activities on several issues, especially pedagogical ones.

  13. Elemental detection in muscle of flatfish Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes) from Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazilian coast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, Maria Luiza Chiste Flaquer da; Dias, June Ferraz [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico. Laboratorio de Ecologia Reprodutiva e do Recrutamento de Organismos Marinhos; Dias, Johnny Ferraz [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, ES (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica. Laboratorio de Implantacao Ionica

    2013-07-01

    Full text: Studies on the presence of elements, including metals, in organisms can prevent both degradation of aquatic systems and the bioaccumulation of elements especially those that offer risk to human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence elements in the muscle of two species of flatfish, Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Achiridae, Pleuronectiformes), using Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE). This technique is considered one of the most sensitive for detecting trace metals in biomaterials. These flatfish specimens are considered residents in Santos Bay, central coast of Sao Paulo state, and they were caught monthly throughout the year 2005 and sorted by size and maturity stage as juveniles and adults. The two species have no spatial overlap and this allows a mapping of the Santos Bay for the presence of bioavailable metals and other elements. Sampling was done in six distinct points in the Bay, under different antropic influences: two along the beaches, one in the vicinity of the out fall diffuser and three along the entrance of the bay. Results from 54 samples of muscle allowed detect the following elements: aluminium (AI), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), strontium (Sr), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). There were no correlation with the levels of sediment contamination for most metals analyzed in muscles, with the exception of copper and also no clear pattern of differential level of metals between young and adult specimens of A. Iineatus and T. paulistanus. According to the maximum tolerance values of the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria -ANVISA), fish muscle presented levels of contamination above the permitted for human consumption, mainly for some elements: mercury, in samples from the internal area; arsenic, in samples from west side and selenium, in samples from east side of the bay. (author)

  14. Ethical proceedings against dentists in Espírito Santo for infringements to the code of dental ethics

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    Karina Tonini dos Santos Pacheco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Just like any other profession, dentistry requires ethical and moral responsibilities that must be fulfilled, and the duty of every professional is to meet his obligations under the law. In light of the Código de Ética Odontológica (CEO - Code of Dental Ethics, this research aims to expound on the ethical violations committed by dentists in their practice, according to the ethical review process proposed by the Conselho Regional de Odontologia do Estado do Espírito Santo (CRO/ES - Regional Council of Dentistry of the State of Espírito Santo. The study is both retrospective and descriptive, using a quantitative approach. Data collection comprised all the ethical proceedings filed at the CRO/ES, between the years 2000 and 2011. Considering the 529 cases examined, the most frequent reason for infringement was illicit advertising (39.7%, followed by technical error (18.7%, irregular registration (16.8%, patient/professional relationship (11.3% tax lien foreclosure (6.6%, professional/professional relationship (4.0%, irregular/illegal cover up practice (0.9%, consumer relations (0.8%, failure to provide care (0.6%, false certification (0.4%, and disrespect for authority and colleagues (0.2%. Most (59.2% of the dental surgeons (DSs involved were male, 35.5% were between 31 and 40 years of age, 85.8% had graduated over five (5 years prior, and 73.2% were general practitioners. Only 22 (4.2% cases went to trial, resulting in 8 (36.4% acquittals and 14 (63.6% convictions. The most commonly applied penalties were private warning + pecuniary penalty (8 or 57.1%. It was concluded that the CEO must be followed with more discipline, and that professionals should seek information about their duties and obligations under the law, on behalf of patient welfare.

  15. Monte Carlo approach to assess the uncertainty of wide-angle layered models: Application to the Santos Basin, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loureiro, Afonso; Afilhado, Alexandra; Matias, Luís; Moulin, Maryline; Aslanian, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    In the Santos Basin (Brazil), two parallel wide-angle refraction profiles show different crustal structures. One shows moderate crustal velocity gradient, and a clear Moho with topography. The other has an anomalous velocity zone, and no clear Moho reflections. This has large implications on the geological and geodynamical interpretation of the basin. Model uncertainties must be excluded as a source of these differences. We developed VMONTECARLO, a tool to assess model uncertainty of layered velocity models using a Monte Carlo approach and simultaneous parameter perturbation using all picked refracted and reflected arrivals. It gives insights into the acceptable geological interpretations allowed by data and model uncertainty through velocity-depth plots that provide: a) the velocity-depth profile range that is consistent with the travel times; b) the random model that provides the best fit, keeping most of the observations covered by ray-tracing; c) insight into valid models dispersion; d) main model features unequivocally required by the travel times, e.g., first-order versus second-order discontinuities, and velocity gradient magnitudes; e) parameter value probability distribution histograms. VMONTECARLO is seamlessly integrated into a RAYINVR-based modelling work-flow, and can be used to assess final models or sound the solution space for alternate models, and is also capable of evaluating forward models without the need for inversion, thus avoiding local minima that may trap the inversion algorithms and providing information for models still not well-parametrised. Results for the Brazilian models show that the imaged structures are indeed geologically different and are not due to different interpretations of the same features within the model uncertainty bounds. These differences highlight the strong heterogeneity of the crust in the middle of the Santos Basin, where the rift is supposed to have failed.

  16. Beneficial effects of multisensory and cognitive stimulation on age-related cognitive decline in long-term-care institutions

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    De Oliveira TCG; Soares FC; Macedo LDD; Picanço-Diniz DLW; Bento-Torres NVO; Picanço-Diniz CW

    2014-01-01

    Thaís Cristina Galdino De Oliveira,1 Fernanda Cabral Soares,1 Liliane Dias E Dias De Macedo,1 Domingos Luiz Wanderley Picanço Diniz,1 Natáli Valim Oliver Bento-Torres,1,2 Cristovam Wanderley Picanço-Diniz1 1Laboratory of Investigations in Neurodgeneration and Infection, Biological Sciences Institute, University Hospital João de Barros Barreto, 2College of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Pará, Be...

  17. Mapa das juventudes de Santo André, SP: instrumento de leitura das desigualdades sociais Mapa de las juventudes de Santo André, Sureste de Brasil: instrumento de lectura de las desigualdades sociales Youth map of the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil: an instrument to read social inequalities

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    Tatiana Yonekura

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as desigualdades sociais de jovens moradores em área urbana pelo mapeamento de dados sociodemográficos e econômicos. MÉTODOS: Utilizando-se dados do Censo Demográfico 2000, 57 variáveis sociodemográficas e econômicas de jovens de 15 a 24 anos do município de Santo André, SP, foram distribuídas por 43 regiões de dados estatísticos que correspondem a um recorte do território em distritos menores. Os dados foram coletados no Departamento de Indicadores Sociais e Econômicos da Prefeitura Municipal de Santo André, referentes ao ano 2000. Por meio de análise fatorial, 13 variáveis foram agrupadas em dois fatores - condições de trabalho e condições de vida, que discriminaram estatisticamente regiões semelhantes entre si. Foi realizada análise por agrupamento das regiões, resultando em quatro grupos sociais. RESULTADOS: O espaço que concentrava os jovens com mais acesso à riqueza foi classificado como central e aqueles com menos acesso, como periférico. Duas gradações intermediárias puderam ser identificadas, uma mais próxima ao extremo do acesso ("quase central" e outra mais próxima à privação ("quase periférica". As variáveis discriminantes estavam relacionadas ao trabalho, à migração, escolaridade, fecundidade, posição do jovem no domicílio, presença de cônjuge ou companheiro, condição de moradia e posse de bens. CONCLUSÕES: As diferenças entre os grupos sociais expressaram desigualdades importantes entre os jovens que vivem, estudam e/ou trabalham na cidade, o que contribuirá para o planejamento de políticas sociais públicas dirigidas a esses grupos.OBJETIVO: Analizar las desigualdades sociales de jóvenes moradores en área urbana por el mapeo de datos sociodemográficos y económicos. MÉTODOS: Utilizándose datos del Censo Demográfico 2000, 57 variables sociodemográficas y económicas de jóvenes de 15 a 24 años del municipio de Santo André, Sureste de Brasil, fueron

  18. Arqueologia dos espaços domésticos em Santo Ângelo Custódio: propostas teóricas

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    Jonathan Caino

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando conceitos de De Certeau (1994, Beaudry  et al.(2007, Jones (2005 para discussões as teóricas, bem como pesquisas em contextos missioneiros desenvolvidas por Carle (1999 e Tocchetto (1998, além de outras referências bibliográficas pertinentes, procuramos propor o uso sistemas de pensamento úteis para a compreensão das ações desenvolvidas pelos Guarani que tiveram caráter tático, ou seja, de alguma forma, subverteram ou burlaram a estratégia jesuítica. Isso pode ser percebido através da criação de novos espaços de sociabilidade ao redor das habitações e também pela presença de determinados artefatos que são indicativos de práticas tradicionais ou de afirmação da etnicidade. As propostas teóricas são analisadas a partir de exemplos encontrados em escavações realizadas no município de Santo Ângelo, que  ocupa hoje o local onde ficava a redução jesuítica de Santo Ângelo Custódio.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Missões jesuíticas, Santo Ângelo Custódio, Guarani.ABSTRACT:  Using concepts from De Certeau (1994, Beaudry  et al (2007, Jones (2005 for the theoretical discussions and research about the context of Missions developed by Carle (1999 and Tocchetto (1998 and other relevant references, we try to propose the use of systems of thought useful to understanding the  actions developed by the Guarani which had tactical character, it means, which somehow had undermined or circumvent the jesuitical strategy. This can be realized through the creation of new spaces of sociability around the house and also by the presence of certain artifacts that are indicative of traditional practices or affirmation of ethnicity.  The theoretical proposals are analyzed from examples found in excavations carried out in Santo Angelo, which now occupies the place where was the jesuitic mission  of Santo Ângelo Custódio.KEY-WORKS: Jesuit Missions, Santo Ângelo Custódio, Guarani.

  19. Perfil dos consumidores de hortaliças da cidade de Santo Antônio do Descoberto - GO Profile of vegetable consumers of Santo Antônio do Descoberto town, Goiás State, Brazil

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    Marina Castelo Branco

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de Santo Antônio do Descoberto está localizada a 46 km de Brasília e grande parte da sua população vive abaixo da linha de pobreza. Neste trabalho, o perfil e o padrão de consumo de hortaliças na cidade foi avaliado. Setenta e três consumidores freqüentadores do Mercado Municipal e 30 de uma região periférica (Bairro do Queiroz foram entrevistados para a coleta de informações sobre hortaliças adquiridas no dia, número de indivíduos na família e renda familiar. No Mercado Municipal, 92% das famílias adquiriam hortaliças semanalmente e consumiam os produtos em no máximo três dias. Trinta e cinco por cento das famílias tinham renda que as situava baixo da linha de pobreza. Alface, tomate e batata eram os produtos mais comumente consumidos. Por outro lado, na região periférica, 86% das famílias entrevistadas estavam abaixo da linha de pobreza e apenas 44% delas adquiriam hortaliças semanalmente. Alface e cebola eram os produtos mais consumidos e nenhuma família comprava tomate, provavelmente devido ao preço elevado deste produto. O tipo e freqüência de hortaliças adquiridos são influenciados pela renda familiar, com as famílias mais pobres consumindo menos.Santo Antônio do Descoberto is located 46 km away from Brasília and the great majority of its population lives under the poverty line. In this work, vegetable consumption and consumers profile of Santo Antônio do Descoberto town were evaluated. Seventy consumers in the Municipal Market and 30 in a peripheral region ('Bairro do Queiroz' were interviewed. Information about vegetables bought in that day, number of people in the family and family income were obtained. The results showed that 92% of the families interviewed at the Municipal Market bought vegetables weekly and consumed them in nearly three days; 35% of the families were under the poverty line. Lettuce, tomato and potato were the most consumed vegetables. On the other hand, in the peripheral

  20. Características e tendência da AIDS entre idosos no Estado do Espírito Santo Features and trend of AIDS, among the elderly in the State of Espirito Santo

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    Lidiane da Silveira Gouvea Toledo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A AIDS entre adultos mais velhos é um problema de saúde pública emergente. Comparamos o perfil epidemiológico e sociodemográfico, bem como a evolução e a tendência da epidemia entre homens e mulheres nas faixas etárias de 50 anos e mais e 20 a 39 anos acometidos pela AIDS, no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Realizamos um estudo de série temporal, com dados secundários do SINAN/AIDS, no período de Janeiro de 1991 a dezembro 2006. RESULTADOS: Neste período, foram notificados 3.382 casos de AIDS em indivíduos com idade entre 20 e 39 anos e 551 casos entre indivíduos com 50 anos e mais. Em ambas as faixas etárias, os mais acometidos são os homens. Há diferenças referentes à raça/cor, em que a maioria dos mais velhos são brancos (45,3% - p-valor = 0,044 e os mais jovens pardos (44,7%, p-valor = 0,003. O analfabetismo prevalece entre os mais velhos (17,7% - p-valor = 0,001. Mais da metade (80% das notificações ocorreu em municípios de médio a grande porte. A principal categoria de exposição foi a heterossexual, em ambos as faixas etárias, com maior frequência para o grupo de 50 anos ou mais (77,3% - p=0,0001. A incidência acumulada é maior para a faixa etária de 20 a 39 anos (R²=0,68; porém, vem aumentando proporcionalmente, entre as duas faixas no decorrer dos anos, com tendência de crescimento significativa para ambas (p INTRODUCTION: AIDS among older adults is a public health problem emerging. This study compared the demographic and epidemiological profile and the evolution and trend of the epidemic among men and women aged 50 years and older and 20 to 39 years affected by AIDS in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a time serie study with secondary data from SINAN/AIDS for the period January 1991 to December 2006. RESULTS: In this period were 3,382 reported cases of AIDS in individuals aged 20 to 39 years and 551 cases among individuals with 50 years or older. In

  1. Caracterização da clientela atendida no Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Profile of the clients assisted at "Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada" (Applied Psychology Center of the Federal University of Espírito Santo

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    Rita de Cássia Ramos Louzada

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o perfil da clientela do Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, de acordo com as seguintes variáveis: sexo, idade, renda familiar, escolaridade, local de moradia, ocupação, motivo da consulta e forma de encaminhamento. Com base nos dados encontrados são feitas reflexões em torno da estruturação deste tipo de serviço, suas articulações com os serviços de saúde mental da rede pública e a formação de psicólogos no âmbito do Estado do Espírito Santo.This article presents the profile of the clients assisted at "Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada" of Federal University of Espírito Santo, according to the following variables: sex, age, family income, education, place of residence, occupation, reasons for consultation and types of assistance provided. Based on data obtained, some reflections are presented in regard to the organization of this kind of service, its relations with public mental health services and the professional preparation of psychologists in the state of Espírito Santo.

  2. Aspectos bioecológicos de Stellifer rastrifer (Perciformes: Sciaenidae na Baía de Santos, SP Bloecology of Stellifer rastrifer (Perciformes: Sciaenidae from Baía de Santos, SP

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    Roberto Giannini

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Através de um programa de amostragem, com arrastos de praia e de fundo, no complexo baía-estuário de Santos e São Vicente, de março de 1985 a maio de 1986, foram capturados 7.260 exemplares de Stellifer rastrifer. Nesse trabalho foram analisados a ocorrência, a abundância, a distribuição de comprimentos, a influência de fatores ambientais, a relação peso/comprimento, o crescimento, o recrutamento e a mortalidade. S. rastrifer foi capturada na região durante todo o período e foi mais abundante e freqüente no outono, no lado oeste dos setores mediano e interno. Jovens do ano foram capturados primeiramente de janeiro a maio nas zonas mais profundas, migrando posteriormente para zonas mais rasas, de águas mais quentes e doces. As baixas capturas encontradas na primavera podem estar relacionadas com uma emigração em massa ao oceano, decorrentes de uma desova de verão. S. rastrifer apresentou altos valores do coeficiente de crescimento e das taxas de mortalidade total e de explotação.As many as 7,260 specimens of the sciaenid Stellifer rastriferwQTG collected through a monthly beach seine and bottom trawl survey in the complex bay-estuary of Santos and São Vicente, between March 1985 and May 1986. The occurrence, abundance, length frequency, influence of environmental factors, length-weight relationship, growth, recruitment and mortality were analysed..?, rastrifer occurred year-round and was more abundant and frequent in fall at west side of medium and inner stracta. Young of the year was first caught from January to May in deeper water areas and later they were found in shallow areas low with salinity and high temperature. The low catches found in spring may be related to a massive emigration to open sea (summer spawning. S. rastrifer showed higher values for growth coefficient and for total mortality and exploitation rates.

  3. Uso de drogas por estudantes de Farmácia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Use of drugs by Pharmacy students at the Federal University in Espírito Santo

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    Flávia Batista Portugal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil dos usuários de substâncias psicoativas do curso de Farmácia do Centro de Ciências da Saúde (CCS da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (Ufes. MÉTODOS: Tratou-se de estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. Foram pesquisados 148 alunos (80,4% matriculados no curso de Farmácia. O instrumento utilizado foi o questionário da Organização Mundial de Saúde adaptado à realidade brasileira. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados por meio do programa Statistical Packcage for the Social Science (SPSS. RESULTADOS: Dos pesquisados, a maior representação foi na faixa etária de 20 a 22 anos (52,7%, do sexo feminino (67,6%, e da classe socioeconômica B (47,3%. Quanto ao uso de álcool, o " uso na vida" foi de 87,8%, " uso no ano" de 77,7% e " uso no mês" de 58,1%. Entre as outras drogas, o " uso na vida" mais prevalente foi dos inalantes (18,2%. CONCLUSÃO: Conforme observado, o uso de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários é questão preocupante, demonstrando a importância de maior abordagem à temática no currículo acadêmico.OBJECTIVE: To trace the profile of the drug use between the university students of the course of Pharmacy Sciences Health Center of Federal University of Espírito Santo. METHODS: One is about explorer, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study. A survey was conducted with 148 undergraduate pharmacy students (80.4%. The instrument used is an adaptation of the developed one for the WHO. The data had been tabulated and analyzed through the Statistical Packcage for the Social Science (SPSS. RESULTS: 67.6% of the university students are female, 52.7% it had between 20 and 22 years and 47.3% belong to the social class B. Regarding the use of alcohol, 87.8% made use in the life, 77.7% in the year and 58.1% in the month. Between the other drugs, the use in life of inahaled drugs (18.2% was the most common. CONCLUSION: As observed, the undergraduate students

  4. Alfabetização no Espírito Santo: o método mútuo ou monitorial Reading and writing teaching in Espírito Santo: the mutual instruction or monitorial system

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    Cláudia Maria Mendes Gontijo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem por finalidade analisar o Regimento Interno das Aulas Publicas de 1.as Letras da Província do Espírito Santo e o método de ensino da leitura e da escrita concretizado nesse Regimento. Para desenvolvimento do estudo, utilizamos a pesquisa documental. O artigo conclui que o uso do método mútuo possibilitou a permanência de modelos tradicionais de ensino da leitura e da escrita baseados no estudo sistemático das letras, das sílabas, da frase e, finalmente, da leitura de textos religiosos e de outros, que visavam à constituição nos indivíduos de sentimentos religiosos e patrióticos. Conclui ainda que a adoção desse método, tendo em vista as condições de funcionamento das escolas, representou a falta de interesse de o Estado agroexportador e escravocrata oferecer condições mínimas de funcionamento das escolas, principalmente quanto à garantia de formação e remuneração adequada dos professores.This text aims at analyzing the Regimento Interno das Aulas Publicas de 1.as Letras of the Espírito Santo Province (1871 and the mutual instruction implemented in this Regulation, emphasizing the guidelines to the practice of reading and writing teaching. To develop this study, we used documental research. The article concludes that the utilization of the mutual instruction allowed the maintenance of models of reading and writing teaching based in the systematic study of letters, of the syllables, of the sentence and, finally, of the reading of religious texts and others, which intended the constitution of religious and patriotic feelings in individuals. It also concludes that the adoption of this method, considering the working conditions of the schools, represented the lack of interest of the provincial governments in offering the minimal working conditions of the schools, mainly in reference to the guarantee of adequate education and remuneration of the teachers.

  5. Outbreak of type C botulism in chickens in Pancas city, Espírito Santo state, BrazilSurto de botulismo tipo C em frangos na cidade de Pancas, Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to describe an outbreak of botulism in poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus, in Pancas City, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The birds were derived from a subsistence property with approximately 150 domestic fowls. The owner reported finding some birds lying on the floor and others exhibiting limited mobility. Ten animals in agony were euthanized, necropsied and had their blood serum collected. About 72 hours after the onset of clinical signs, 144 (96% animals of the creation had already died. No postmortem changes were found at necropsies. Clostridium botulinum type C toxins were detected in the sera of euthanized chickens by mice neutralization tests. The observation of clinical signs, absence of post-mortem lesions and the result of mouse neutralization tests confirmed the diagnosis of botulism caused by C. botulinum type C. Unfortunately, the source of toxins was not found. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo descrever um surto de botulismo em aves domésticas (Gallus gallus domesticus, ocorrido na cidade de Pancas, estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. As aves eram oriundas de uma propriedade de subsistência com aproximadamente 150 frangos domésticos. O proprietário relatou encontrar algumas aves caídas no chão e outras apresentando dificuldade de locomoção. Dez animais em estado agônico foram eutanasiados, submetidos à necropsia e coleta de soro sanguíneo. Em 72 horas após o início dos sinais clínicos, 144 (96% animais da criação já haviam vindo a óbito. Nenhuma alteração post-mortem foi encontrada durante a necropsia. Foi possível detectar a toxina botulínica tipo C por soroneutralização em camundongos no soro dos animais eutanasiados. A observação da sintomatologia clínica, ausência de lesões à necropsia e o resultado da soroneutralização permitem confirmar o diagnóstico de botulismo por Clostridium botulinum tipo C.

  6. A paisagem urbana como herança cultural: a praça Santos Dumont, Umuarama, Estado do Paraná, Brasil = The urban landscape as a cultural heritage: Santos Dumont plaza, Umuarama, Paraná State, Brazil

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    Alexander Fabbri Hulsmeyer

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A paisagem urbana possui uma forte conotação histórica, e pode ser considerada uma herança cultural. Neste contexto, os espaços livres públicos podem converter-se em registros importantes, fortalecendo tradições, valores e identidades. Nos quatro principais núcleosurbanos projetados pela Companhia de Terras do Norte do Paraná CTNP, e denominada Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paraná CMNP após 1942, as praças exercem o papel de elementos ordenadores na configuração dos centros cívico, religioso e comercial, demonstrando a íntima relação entre os espaços livres públicos e seu entorno. Esta pesquisa1 teve o objetivo de analisar, a partir da pesquisa dos registros fotográficos, jornais de época e bibliografia referente àsraízes conceituais do traçado morfológico da cidade e seu contexto histórico, a Praça Santos Dumont, maior praça e palco de importantes momentos da história da jovem cidade de Umuarama, Estado do Paraná.The urban landscape has strong historical meaning because it can be considered as cultural heritage. In this context, public open spaces are important registries, reinforcing traditions, values and identities. In the four main cities projected by the Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paraná (CMNP, the squares and plazas carry out the task of ordination elements for the configuration of the civic, religious and commercial centers, reinforcing the close relation between public open spaces and their surroundings. This research was done under the Scientific Initiation Program of Universidade Paranaense, and is about Santos Dumont Plaza, the biggest one that supported important historical moments of earlyUmuarama, in northwestern Paraná, Brazil. The analysis was based on the research of photographic registries, newspapers, and the publications about the conceptual roots of the urban morphology of the city and its historical context.

  7. Motivational Behavior of the Co - Workers as a relevant fact in the empresarial performance: Vehicle dealership of the city of SANTO ANGELO

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    Marise Schadeck Schadeck

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is pointing the importance of motivation in the workplace and its implications when it does not exist in the organization. It is a study with multiple instances vehicle dealerships in the city of Santo Angelo, which has great importance in the economic development of the city. The methodology used for this research was quantitative in nature; with surveys made to the employees, showing the facts that motivate employees in dealerships in Santo Ângelo / RS – Brazil in their performance. The research results showed that the necessity for further that motivates the employees in organizations was the need for affiliation, and the difficulty that managers have to motivate their employees.Keywords: Motivation, Behavior, Empresarial performance

  8. Percorrendo o universo de devaneios, distorções e dualidades: considerações acerca da dramaturgia de Qorpo-Santo

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    Gonçalves, Maria Clara [UNESP

    2011-01-01

    O dramaturgo gaúcho Jose Joaquim de Campos Leão (1829-1883), auto-intitulado Qorpo-Santo, possui uma obra complexa que chegou ao conhecimento da critica e do púbico em 1966, cem anos depois de serem escritas. Por conta de tal fato, são poucos os trabalhos teóricos acerca de sua dramaturgia, dentre os quais podemos citar Os homens precários, de Flávio Aguiar e Qorpo-Santo: surrealismo ou absurdo?¸ de Eudinyr Fraga. É no esforço de acrescentar material à fortuna crítica do autor que esse trabal...

  9. Os gêneros de discurso, cenografia e ethos em discursos da obra O Templo e a Forca de Luiz Guilherme Santos Neves.

    OpenAIRE

    MENEZES, R. C. S.

    2013-01-01

    A pesquisa busca mostrar como o discurso religioso do gênero sermão, na voz do enunciador Frei Gregório José Maria de Bene, pode influir na estratégia de adesão e convencimento dos escravos da região de Serra, província do Espírito Santo, para a construção da igreja do Queimado. O sermão citado é o recorte fundamental do discurso literário O Templo e a Forca (1999), recriado por Luiz Guilherme Santos Neves, analisado a partir de cena englobante legitimadora. O trabalho insere-se nos estudos d...

  10. Distribution and enrichment of silver and cadmium in coastal sediments from Bahía Todos Santos, Baja California, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Galindo, E A; Muñoz-Barbosa, A; Mandujano-Velasco, M R; Daesslé, L W; Orozco Borbón, M V

    2010-10-01

    Silver, cadmium and iron were studied in sediment from Bahia Todos Santos, Baja California, México during 2004. Results showed that the spatial distributions of these metals were very similar to that of organic carbon and fine grain size, with values increasing from the inner to the outer parts of the bay. High concentrations and enrichments of silver (0.051-0.071 μg g⁻¹ dry weight) and cadmium (1.9 μg g⁻¹ dry weight) in Bahía Todos Santos were associated to harbor dredging activities and to coastal upwelling, respectively. However, the distribution of silver and cadmium in most of the study area is controlled by grain size and organic carbon content.

  11. Relationship between metal enrichments and a biological adverse effects index in sediments from Todos Santos Bay, northwest coast of Baja California, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Barbosa, A; Gutiérrez-Galindo, E A; Daesslé, L W; Orozco-Borbón, M V; Segovia-Zavala, J A

    2012-02-01

    In 1992 and 2004, heavy metals concentrations were measured in surficial sediments from Todos Santos Bay, located in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. The aim was to search for relationships between metal enrichment factors and a biological adverse effects index. Unlike Ni, the elements Cd, Cu and Zn showed significant correlations (p5.5 and >1.5, respectively, in order for the sediments to be considered toxic. In general, data showed that most of the metal concentrations in Todos Santos Bay sediments could not cause adverse effects to biota. Only Ensenada's harbor and the zone next to a dredging dumping site showed metal enrichments that could be toxic. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Application of a geographical information system approach for risk analysis of fascioliasis in southern Espírito Santo state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Isabella Vilhena Freire; de Avelar, Barbara Rauta; Pereira, Maria Julia Salim; da Fonseca, Adevair Henrique

    2012-09-01

    A model based on geographical information systems for mapping the risk of fascioliasis was developed for the southern part of Espírito Santo state, Brazil. The determinants investigated were precipitation, temperature, elevation, slope, soil type and land use. Weightings and grades were assigned to determinants and their categories according to their relevance with respect to fascioliasis. Theme maps depicting the spatial distribution of risk areas indicate that over 50% of southern Espírito Santo is either at high or at very high risk for fascioliasis. These areas were found to be characterized by comparatively high temperature but relatively low slope, low precipitation and low elevation corresponding to periodically flooded grasslands or soils that promote water retention.

  13. Fronteiras étnicas nos repertórios musicais das 'festas de santo' em São Gabriel da Cachoeira (alto Rio Negro, AM

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    Líliam Cristina da Silva Barros

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo demonstrar os mecanismos através dos quais índios em situação de contato, na zona urbana de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, manifestam sua pertença étnica. Em meio ao contexto das festas de santo, repertórios musicais evidenciam as fronteiras étnicas valendo-se da língua como principal sinal diacrítico de identidade.

  14. Analysis of earth pigments in Palomino's frescoes in the Santos Juanes Church in Valencia (Spain) by solid state voltammetry and FTIR spectroscopy

    OpenAIRE

    DOMENECH CARBO, ANTONIO; Domenech Carbo, Mª Teresa; Ciarrocchi, Julia; Cialei, Vania; Monteagudo, Antonio

    2006-01-01

    A combination of solid-state voltammetry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflectance mode was applied to identify earth pigments in samples from the frescoes of Antonio Palomino (dated 1707) taken from the vault of the Santos Juanes church in Valencia (Spain). Such frescoes suffered considerable damage by fire during the Spanish Civil War in 1936, resulting in severe chemical and chromatic alterations. Se ha utilizado una combinación de voltamperometría ...

  15. High frequency of resistance to the drugs isoniazid and rifampicin among tuberculosis cases in the city of Cabo de Santo Agostinho, an urban area in Northeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Baliza,Marcilio; Bach,Artur Henrique; Queiroz,Gabriel Lobo de; Melo,Inês Cardoso; Carneiro,Maria Madileuza; de Albuquerque, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão; Suffys, Philip; Rodrigues, Laura; Ximenes,Ricardo; Lucena-Silva,Norma

    2008-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to investigate the frequency and risk factors for developing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Cabo de Santo Agostinho, PE. This was a prospective study conducted from 2000 to 2003, in which suspected cases were investigated using bacilloscopy and culturing. Out of 232 confirmed cases of tuberculosis, culturing and antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed on 174. Thirty-five of the 174 cultures showed resistance to all drugs. The frequencies of p...

  16. Fuentes para el estudio sobre las fiestas de los Santos Inocentes en el Sur peninsular. El caso de la Región de Murcia

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    María Dolores Ayuso García

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la llegada del mes de diciembre, tiene lugar desde antiguo la celebración de los Santos Inocentes. Una fiesta extendida por toda la península ibérica, la cual recobra especial interés en el sureste español. Momento de relevada importancia inserto dentro del ciclo de Navidad repleto de rituales y símbolos.

  17. Por uma concepcão dialética do espaço: o conceito de formação espacial em Milton Santos

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    Luís Carlos Tosta dos Reis

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo propõe uma discussão sobre o conceito deFormação Espacial desenvolvido por Milton Santos,abordando a gênese, os atributos associados e as controvérsias em torno do conceito. Tomado como expressão de um abrangente esforço de reformulaçãona epistemologia da Geografia, o referido conceitoconstitui rico objeto de exame no campo da Teoriada Geografia.

  18. Iron ore particles on four seaweed species from Camburi Beach (Espírito Santo state, Brazil

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    Cristina Aparecida Gomes Nassar

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study estimated the iron-ore concentration found on four species of seaweed. The species tested grow on a site heavily contaminated by this ore, in the city of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Under natural conditions, the iron ore reached a temperature 5.0ºC higher than the sand on a sunny day. All the species had iron ore adhered to their fronds. Udotea cyathiformis was the species with the highest iron-ore concentration varing from 0.07 to 0.90 g wet weight, followed by Lobophora variegata (from 0.07 to 0.62 g wet weight, Padina gymnospora (from 0.08 to 0.55 g wet weight and Ulva fasciata (from 0.05 to 0.25 g wet weight. Even after four changes of water over a 12-hour period, the fronds still had particles adhered to their outside cell wall. All the species showed similar tendencies to release the iron, with the highest percentage of particles (40 to 60% released in the first change of water.Minério de ferro particulado sobre quatro macroalgas da Praia de Camburi (Estado do Espírito Santo-Brasil. O presente trabalho determinou a concentração de minério de ferro presente em quatro macroalgas. As espécies testadas ocorrem em um local extremamente contaminado por este particulado, na cidade de Vitória, Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Sob condições naturais, o minério de ferro alcançou um temperatura de até 5,0ºC acima da temperatura da areia em um dia ensolarado.Todas as espécies estudadas apresentavam minério em suas paredes externas. A espécie Udotea cyathiformis apresentou a maior concentração de minério em sua fronde variando de 0,07 a 0,90 g massa úmida, seguida por Lobophora variegata (de 0,07 a 0,62 g massa úmida, Padina gymnospora (de 0,08 a 0,55 g massa úmida e Ulva fasciata (de 0,05 a 0,25 g massa úmida. Mesmo após sucessivas trocas de água, as frondes ainda apresentavam partículas aderidas às suas paredes celulares externas. As espécies apresentaram a mesma tendência de libera

  19. Competitividade da produção de palmito de pupunha no Espírito Santo e em São Paulo

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    Eliane Pinheiro de Sousa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a competitividade da produçãodepalmitodepupunhanoEspíritoSantoeemSãoPaulopormeiodaMatriz de Análise Política (MAP. Os resultados mostram que as lucratividades privadas e sociais da produção e comercialização do palmito de pupunha são positivas em ambos os estados analisados e superiores às obtidas por culturas tradicionais, como a soja, e por produtos florestais, como a borracha natural. Entre esses estados, São Paulo apresenta maior lucratividade na produção de palmito, logo, é mais competitivo que o Espírito Santo. Entretanto, essas lucratividades poderiam ter sido maiores se produtores não tivessem sido penalizados por políticas públicas distorcivas.This work aims to analyze the competitiveness of pejibaye palm heart production in Espírito Santo and São Paulo states by applying the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM. Results show that the private and social profitabilities of pejibaye palm heart production and trading were positive in both states and are higher than those obtained by traditional crops, such as soybean, and by forest products, such as natural rubber. São Paulo production was more profitable, being thus more competitive than Espirito Santo. However, these profitabilities could have been higher if producers were not exposed to negative effects of distorted public policies.

  20. COMPETITION FOR SPACE BETWEEN FISHING AND EXPLORATORY OIL DRILLING, OBSERVED FROM A DRILLING PLATFORM IN THE ESPIRITO SANTO BASIN, SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL

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    Alessandra Coutinho Thomé da Silva

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Fishing and oil drilling compete for space in some regions off the Brazilian coast. Fish congregate around drilling platforms, which attracts fishing vessels that may illegally breach the 500 m safety perimeter. The objective of this study was to identify the fleets that frequent the safety zone of a platform and their behavior and to determine if there was a seasonal relationship in this interaction, during two exploration campaigns, in different periods, carried out on the "Ocean Star" platform in the Espírito Santo Basin. The results indicated a high incidence of artisanal fishing vessels inside the prohibited area, and of uncooperative behavior on the part of the boat crews. The statistical method of Factorial Correspondence Analysis distinguished vessels that were using pelagic longlines to fish for dolphinfish, registered in the state of Espírito Santo and longer than 11 m, which operated during the summer campaign. Vessels fishing for scombrids, which were less than 11 m long and registered outside Espírito Santo, were prominent in the autumn-winter campaign. In conclusion, the data showed that the fleets involved in each exploratory campaign were different, but to determine the real reason why the boats insist on frequenting the area close to the platform further study is necessary.

  1. LIMITES E CONTRADIÇÕES DO DESENVOLVIMENTO EM MICHAEL PORTER: POSSIBILIDADES EM OMAR AKTOUF E MILTON SANTOS

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    COSTA, César Renato Ferreira da

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Desenvolvimento, no campo dos estudos/práticas organizacionais, tem se articulado como um conceito/ação fundamental atualmente. Tomado em função do paradigma dominante, propõe um objetivo ampliado: estabelecer referência para a aproximação da atividade produtiva das corporações com a sociedade. Assim, a partir da confrontação teórica crítica (BOURDÉ; MARTIN, 1983; HOBSBAWM, 1998 buscou-se analisar o tema, enquanto articulação ideológica, baseada no pensamento de Michael Porter pela ênfase desenvolvimentista, em contraposição com as ideias de Aktouf (2004 e Santos (2010 identificando então implicações, limites e contradições deste modelo hegemônico. Tais considerações tornam premente a necessidade de que, se de fato, existe uma nova preocupação, capaz de redirecionar o conceito de desenvolvimento, como está apregoada em ações sociais e ambientais, tanto em empresas, quanto em arestas da sociedade, não pode estar atrelada às premissas do modelo de competitividade dominante. Development in the field organizational of studies/practices, has been articulated as a key concept/action currently. Taken as a function of the dominant paradigm, proposes an expanded goal: to establish reference for approaching the productive activity of corporations to society. Thus, from the theoretical critical confrontation (BOURDE; MARTIN, 1983; HOBSBAWM, 1998 we attempted to analyze the theme, while ideological articulation, based on the thought of Michael Porter for developmental emphasis, in contrast with the ideas of Aktouf (2004 and Santos (2010 so identifying implications, limitations and contradictions of the hegemonic model. Such considerations make urgent the need, if indeed, there is a new concern, able to redirect the concept of development, as is proclaimed in social and environmental actions, both in companies and in edges of society, can not be tied to dominant assumptions of the competitive model.

  2. Influencia de aspectos bioéticos en la planificación familiar en Santos Suárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela de la C Prendes Labrada

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 151 pacientes de la consulta de Planificación Familiar en el Policlínico Santos Suárez entre abril y junio de 1997, con el objetivo de mostrar cómo influyen algunos aspectos bioéticos en la selección, así como en la continuidad del uso de los métodos anticonceptivos y en la satisfacción de las necesidades del individuo. Se aplicó una encuesta y se siguió a los pacientes durante un año. Los datos se procesaron según el cálculo porcentual. Se concluyó que la adecuada capacitación técnica del equipo multidisciplinario, la selección informada, asesoramiento adecuado y respeto de las creencias individuales, socioculturales y de los principios morales, influyeron en los resultados positivos de la selección y continuidad del uso de los métodos anticonceptivos y en la satisfacción de las necesidades del individuo en la consulta de Planificación Familiar.A descriptive cross-sectional study of 151 patients from the Family Planning Department of the "Santos Suárez" Polyclinic was conducted between April and June, 1997, aimed at showing how some bioethical aspects influence on the selection, and continuity of the use of contraceptive methods, and on the satisfaction of the individual’s needs. A survey was done and patients were followed up for a year. Data were processed by percent calculation. It was concluded that the adequate technical training of the multidisciplinary team, the reported selection, the appropiate counseling, and the respect of the individual and sociocultural beliefs, and of the moral principles influenced on the positive results of the selection and continuity of the utilization of the contraceptive methods as well as on the satisfaction of the patients’ needs at the Family Planning Department.

  3. Pesquisaje de cáncer de mama en la comunidad de Santos Suárez

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    Marianela Prendes Labrada

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio descriptivo en 3 consultorios del área del Policlínico "Santos Suárez" en el año 1996 con el objetivo de determinar la incidencia de cáncer de mama y la utilización de métodos de detección precoz. Se informa que la muestra estuvo constituida por 600 mujeres mayores de 20 años seleccionadas al azar a las cuales se les hizo el pesquisaje y se les aplicó una encuesta. Se encuentra que la incidencia de cáncer mamario fue del 3 %. El 22,5 % de las mujeres se clasificaron como de alto riesgo de padecer el cáncer y el 83,3 % de los cánceres mamarios se detectaron en mujeres con alto riesgo y más de 50 años. Se señala que el 58,2 % de la muestra no conoce el autoexamen de mama y el 64 % no lo practica. Al 45,1 % de las mujeres nunca se le había realizado el examen clínico de las mamasA descriptive study of 3 physicians'offices from Santos Suárez polyclinic was carried out in 1996 aimed at determining the incidence of breast cancer and the use of early diagnosis methods. It is stressed that 600 randomly chosen women over 20 were included in the sample, who were screened and applied a survey. The breast cancer incidence rate was 3 %. 22.5 % of sampled women was clasified as high breast cancer risk subjects whereas 83.3 % of detected breast cancer was found in high risk women over 50. 58.2 % of them has no idea about the breast self-examination and 64 % does not put it into practice. 45.1 % of women has never been breast-screened before

  4. Características da tuberculose pulmonar em área hiperendêmica: município de Santos (SP Characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in a hyperendemic area: the city of Santos, Brasil

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    Andrea Gobetti Vieira Coelho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil dos pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar (TBP no município de Santos (SP segundo fatores biológicos, ambientais e institucionais. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, com dados obtidos na vigilância da TB, abrangendo pacientes com TBP maiores de 15 anos de idade, residentes em Santos (SP e com tratamento iniciado entre 2000 e 2004. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 2.176 casos, e 481 apresentavam história prévia de TB. Desses, 29,3% curaram-se no episódio anterior, e 70,7% abandonaram o tratamento. Em 61,6% e em 33,8% dos casos, o diagnóstico foi confirmado por baciloscopia e por critérios clínico-radiológicos, respectivamente; 69.0% eram homens, e 69,5% situavam-se entre 20 a 49 anos. Houve 732 hospitalizações, com tempo médio de permanência de 32 dias na primeira internação. A prevalência de alcoolismo, diabetes e coinfecção TB/HIV foi de, respectivamente, 11,7%, 8,2% e 16,2%, com declínio dessa última de 20,7% para 12,9% no período de estudo. O desfecho do tratamento para 71,0%, 12,1%, 3,2% e 3,3% foi, respectivamente, cura, abandono, óbito por TB e óbito por TB/HIV. O tratamento supervisionado de curta duração foi aplicado em 63,4% dos casos, e não houve diferenças nos desfechos entre os tipos de tratamento (p > 0,05. A incidência anual média de TBP foi de 127,9/100.000habitantes (variação: 72,8-272,92/100.000 conforme a região. A taxa anual média de mortalidade por TBP foi de 6,9/100.000 habitantes. CONCLUSÕES: Em áreas hiperendêmicas de TB, o tratamento supervisionado de curta duração deve ser priorizado para os grupos de risco para o abandono de tratamento ou óbito, e a busca de TB entre contatos deve ser intensificada.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the profile of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB in the city of Santos, Brazil, according to biological, environmental and institutional factors. METHODS: Descriptive study, using the TB surveillance database, including patients

  5. Verso una globalizzazione antiegemonica. L’America Latina e la teoria critica di Boaventura de Sousa Santos - Toward an anti-hegemonic globalization. Latin America and the critical theory of Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Vignola

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the current debates revolves around the question of determining whether there are one or several globalisations. For the great majority of authors there is only one globalisation, neo-liberal capitalist globalisation, and it does not, therefore, make sense to distinguish between hegemonic and antihegemonic globalisation. In the field of transnational social and cultural practices the anti-hegemonic transformation consists, according to Boaventura de Sousa Santos and his critical theory of the epistemology of the South, in the construction of an emancipatory multiculturalism. Multiculturalism overlaps with the democratic definition of reciprocal rules of recognition between distinct identities and cultures. Our hypothesis is that the process of political construction of alternatives is particularly evident in Latin America movements and recent political experiences. These new political practices are analyzed against the theoretical background of Sousa Santos’ approach, therefore not only as practical antagonist experiences, but as emancipation methods which, as they have not been foreseen by the great theoretical tradition of the Eurocentric left, may actually contradict it and put it into a theoretical as well as political crisis.

  6. The Marica Slump: anatomy of a Maastrichtian gravity mass flow deposit, Santos Basin; O Escorregamento Marica: anatomia de um deposito de fluxo gravitacional de massa do Maastrichtiano, Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlotto, Marco Antonio; Rodrigues, Luiz Felipe [Petrobras E e P, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Exploracao. Interpretacao e Avaliacao das Bacias da Costa Sul], Emails: carlotto@petrobras.com.br, lfrodrigues@petrobras.com.br

    2009-11-15

    A Maastrichtian gravitational mass transport complex (MTC) in the northern sector of the Santos Basin is revealed by tri dimensional deep water seismic data. The deposition of the Marica MTC was conditioned by elongated depressions controlled by N-S salt diapirs. An extensive W-E oriented salt wall to the south of the Marica MTC worked as a barrier to the gravitational flow originated on the north-northeast shelf. Seismic sections, structural maps and seismic attributes (e.g. edge detection) allowed the identification of the main constitutive elements of proximal (proximal escarpments), translational (top and basal surfaces, lateral escarpments, coherent blocks) and distal domains (ramp and frontal thrusts). Probably, the main trigger mechanism was the sedimentary overburden caused by high sedimentary rates related to the deltaic sedimentation on the shelf. Also, gas escape is considered as a possible secondary trigger mechanism. The catastrophic character of the mass flow could be responsible for provoking later gravitational flows resulting in the deposition of turbidity sandstones that overlay the Marica MTC. (author)

  7. Tectonic evolution of the Northern Regencia platform considering the 3D seismicity of the Espirito Santo basin, Brazil; Evolucao tectonica do norte da Plataforma de Regencia a luz da sismica 3D Bacia do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stirling, Robert de Azevedo; Franca, Rosilene Lamounier [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1998-07-01

    In the northern Regencia Platform onshore Espirito Santo Basin, a extremely complex structural pattern occur. There have been mapped three main tectonic phases: - Normal faulting pattern, related to the salt Atlantic rifting, that teared a part the African and South American continents during the Neocomian time. This process created the important feature known as the Rio Doce/Cedro fault system. Listric faults as a result of the salt eastward flow, which generated important rollover structures. Transferring faults with two main directions E/W and NW/SE. The later divided the Regencia Platform into few portions with different gradients. The intersection of both transferring systems with the faulting styles described above is fundamental to effective migration of oil and gas in the studied area. Such improvement on the geological knowledge of this area is due a much better resolution, either horizontal and vertical as a result of 3D seismic survey. The stratigraphy of the mixing between carbonates and sandstones also became much more clear with the 3D tool. (author)

  8. Óxidos de ferro e monazita de areias de praias do Espírito Santo Iron oxides and monazite from sands of two beaches in Espirito Santo, Brazil

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    Flávia dos Santos Coelho

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Sand samples collected from two sampling sites on Guarapari and Iriri beaches, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, were studied in an attempt to better describe their chemical and mineralogical compositions and radioactive behaviors. The sands were found to contain about 6 (Guarapari and 2 dag kg-1 (Iriri of rare earth and thorium that, if allocated to the monazite-(Ce structure, lead to the averaged formulae Ce3+0,494Gd3+0,012La3+0,209Nd3+0,177Pr3+0,040Sm3+0,024Th4+0,033 (PO4 and Ce3+0,474La3+0,227Nd3+0,190Pr3+0,044Sm3+0,032Th4+0,024 (PO4. From Mössbauer spectroscopy data, the magnetic fractions of these sands were found to contain stoichiometric hematite (47.4 dag kg-1, from Guarapari, and 25.1 dag kg-1, from Iriri and magnetite (44.1 and 58.8 dag kg-1. The specific alpha and beta radiation activities were also measured for both samples.

  9. Petrogenesis contamination of the Todos os Santos bay by aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons: a contribution for the environmental diagnostic; Contaminacao petrogenica da Baia de Todos os Santos por hidrocarbonetos policiclicos aromaticos: uma contribuicao ao diagnostico ambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, J. Carlos V. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Tavares, Tania M. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador (Brazil)

    1998-07-01

    This work studies the contamination degree of the meso and infra-coastline sediments of the Baia de Todos os Santos, Bahia, the largest of Brazil, by organic compounds, mainly of period origin. The assessment was proceeded through quantification of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's), by fluorimetric analysis in continuous flow. The levels of contamination were quantified taking in consideration the levels considered as critical by the published literature. The grading of the target sites with those of the control sites (background) were compared also. The main objective was to define the degree of contamination relative to different areas of the bay, correlating with the different activities, such as oil exploitation, industrial production, mainly of oil processing at the north of the bay, port and urban, specially near the city of Salvador, with 2 million of inhabitants. In some stations, specially in those classified as industrial, urban and heavy boats traffic, sediments showed contamination, resulting in grades up to 2000 times greater than the control sites. Some regions, mainly industrial and urban, showed high PHA's contamination, higher than 200 {mu}g/g. The majority of sediments in areas remaining as recreational until present days showed no contamination, lesser than {mu}g/g. (author)

  10. Les deux journaux de José Santos Vargas (1814-1825. 1: Problèmes d'édition

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    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available La découverte du journal de guerre tenu par le guérillero José Santos Vargas a renouvelé nos connaissances sur l’histoire de la guerre d’indépendance dans le Haut Pérou. Cependant, le fait qu’il existe deux manuscrits différents de ce document, publiés tous deux par les soins de don Gunnar Mendoza, l’un en 1952 en Bolivie, l’autre en 1982 au Mexique, pose aux historiens des problèmes que les choix effectués par l’éditeur ont obscurcis. Cette première livraison d’un article qui devrait en comprendre deux remet en question la valeur scientifique de l’édition de 1982. LOS DOS DIARIOS DE JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS. 1: PROBLEMAS EDITORIALES. El descubrimiento del diario de guerra redactado por el guerrillero José Santos Vargas ha renovado el conocimiento de la guerra de independencia en el Alto Perú. Pero el hecho de que existen dos manuscritos distintos de este documento, ambos publicados por don Gunnar Mendoza, uno en Bolivia en 1952 y otro en México en 1982, plantea a los historiadores problemas que las decisiones del editor han obscurecido. Esta primera entrega de un artículo que constará de dos, pone en tela de juicio el valor científico de la edición de 1982. THE TWO DIARIES OF JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS. 1: PROBLEMS OF EDITION. The discovery of the diary of the guerillero leader José Santos Vargas add to our knowledge of the history of the independence war in the Alto Peru. However, the existence of two different manuscripts, both published by don Gunnar Mendoza, the first in Bolivia, 1952, the second in Mexico, 1982, present historians with problems that have been obscured by the editor’s choices. In this first part of the two parts article, we question the scientific value of the edition of 1982.

  11. Norito e Charnoenderbitos da Borda do Maciço Intrusivo de Venda Nova (Espírito Santo

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    Julio Cezar Mendes

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available An irregular and narrow ring of charnoenderbites and norite envelopes gabbros and syenomonzonites in the Venda Nova inversely zoned pluton, Espírito Santo. The former have an almost massive structure, with foliation only locally well marked. The norite is a fine-grained cumulatic rock with granular hypidiomorphic to intergranular texture. The medium-grained charnoenderbites comprise enderbites, Opx-quartzdiorites and Opx-granodiorites. They are leucocratic to mesocratic with granular hypidiomorphic to porphyritic texture. Ortho and clinopyroxene are present in the both lithotypes. Subsolidus textures occur in the norite and charnoenderbites. The whole rock chemistry separates two different sequences: a basic one, with tholeiitic affinities, correspond to the noritic cumulate, and an intermediary one, medium-K calc-alkaline, comprising the charnoenderbites. They show clearly different chemical signature when compared to the alkalic affinity rocks of the inner domain of the pluton. Both the sequences have similar geochemical characteristics: they are metaluminous, Ca, Fe and Al enriched, and have low to moderate incompatible elements contents. Normal to depleted mantle protolith is inferred for both sequences, and garnet probably was a residual phase during the mantle partial melting.

  12. Entre leyes, costumbres y misteriosas ceremonias: Patronato regio y rituales del Jueves Santo en el siglo XVIII novohispano

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    DAVID CARBAJAL LÓPEZ

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A lo largo del sigloXVIII, en diversas catedrales novohispanas se plan-teó el problema de los rituales propios de los vicepatronos, en particu-lar durante las solemnidades del Jueves Santo. Este tema fue abordadosólo de manera indirecta y ambigua en la legislación civil. Losreformadores borbónicos no se decidieron a establecer reglas fijaspara él, por lo que estuvo fuertemente marcado por la diversidad decostumbres locales. Así, se introdujeron prácticas como la demostra-ción de la Eucaristía antes de su depósito o la entrega de la llave delSagrario a los vicepatronos. Los obispos de la época, aunque fielessúbditos de la Corona, trataron de limitar en lo posible su intervenciónen unas ceremonias que estimaban sagradas. Se fue construyendo asíel ceremonial que heredarían los primeros gobiernos republicanos.

  13. Applying GIS to develop a model for forest fire risk: A case study in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eugenio, Fernando Coelho; dos Santos, Alexandre Rosa; Fiedler, Nilton Cesar; Ribeiro, Guido Assunção; da Silva, Aderbal Gomes; dos Santos, Áureo Banhos; Paneto, Greiciane Gaburro; Schettino, Vitor Roberto

    2016-05-15

    A forest fire risk map is a basic element for planning and protecting forested areas. The main goal of this study was to develop a statistical model for preparing a forest fire risk map using GIS. Such model is based on assigning weights to nine variables divided into two classes: physical factors of the site (terrain slope, land-use/occupation, proximity to roads, terrain orientation, and altitude) and climatic factors (precipitation, temperature, water deficit, and evapotranspiration). In regions where the climate is different from the conditions of this study, the model will require an adjustment of the variables weights according to the local climate. The study area, Espírito Santo State, exhibited approximately 3.81% low risk, 21.18% moderate risk, 30.10% high risk, 41.50% very high risk, and 3.40% extreme risk of forest fire. The areas classified as high risk, very high and extreme, contemplated a total of 78.92% of heat spots.

  14. Environmental analyses of the parasitic profile found in the sandy soil from the Santos municipality beaches, SP, Brazil

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    Silvana Rocha

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The environmental contamination by geohelminths represents a world public health problem and has been well documented by several authors. However, few papers describe the presence of such contamination in saline soils of coastal beaches. A study was performed on the beaches of the municipality of Santos in the period between May 2004 to April 2005 with the aim of determining the degree of contamination, and the correlation between contamination level and seasonal conditions and characteristics of the environment. Of the 2,520 samples analyzed, 18.2% (458 were contaminated, 32.3% (148 of which were localized in children's recreational areas (playgrounds. The parasite profile found in the analyzed samples indicated the presence of several zoonotic parasites: Ancylostoma larvae (82.5%, Toxocara sp. eggs (59.4%, Ancylostomidae-like eggs (37.1%, coccid oocysts (13.5%, Trichostrongylus sp. eggs and larvae, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, (11.6%, Entamoeba sp. cysts (10.0%, Strongyloides sp. (4.8%, several free nematoids and some non-identified parasitic structures (3.3%. It was established that the highest frequency of parasitic structures occurred in the months between May and October 2004, and from February to March 2005. An increase in the diversity of parasitic forms was documented in the months between February to December 2004 and from January to April 2005, these periods having the highest rainfall.

  15. Proyecto Vidas Paralelas Indígena: revelando el pueblo guaraní de Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Vilma Benedito de OLIVEIRA

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experiencia se refiere al pueblo Guarani de la aldea Boa Esperança (Tekoa Porã, localizada en el municipio de Aracruz (Estado de Espíritu Santo. Ese pueblo, perteneciente al grupo Mbya, migró en la década de 1940, partiendo de Rio Grande do Sul hasta llegar a su ubicación actual. Se destaca el conflicto con la multinacional Aracruz Celulose, la lucha por la posesión de la tierra y la reciente regularización de las tierras de los pueblos Guarani y Tupinikim. En lo que se refiere a su cultura, se detaca su espiritualidad y el uso de un local sagrado no habiendo, sin embargo, un pajé que atienda otras necesidades. Con Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 50 respecto a la atención a la salud de la población, hay necesidad de ampliación de cobertura y de mejor infraestructura. Destacase también la necesidad de formación de un número mayor de estudiantes indígenas en universidades.

  16. Levels and spatial distribution of trace elements in macroalgae species from the Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Geysa B; de Souza, Thaís L; Bressy, Fernanda C; Moura, Carlos W N; Korn, Maria Graças A

    2012-10-01

    Concentrations of elements (As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn) were determined in ten species of macroalgae collected from six sites in the Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil, between May and July of 2010. An optimized microwave-assisted digestion procedure was used to digest the samples. The elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A wide range of metal concentrations were observed between the species analysed. Somewhat higher concentrations of Cd (5.99μg g(-1)), Co (372μg g(-1)), Mn (640μg g(-1)), Ni (17.2μg g(-1)) and Zn (51.4μg g(-1)) were found in the brown macroalgae species Padina spp., whereas elements, such as As (19.7μg g(-1)) and Pb (8.27μg g(-1)), were mainly concentrated in the species Sargassum spp. and Bostrychia montagnei, respectively. Statistical analyses (ANOVA) of the Padina data showed significant inter-site differences for all metals examined except nickel. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Baseline trace elements in the seagrass Halodule wrightii Aschers (Cymodoceaceae) from Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Geysa B; de Souza, Thaís L; Costa, Fernanda do N; Moura, Carlos W N; Korn, Maria Graças A

    2016-03-15

    Trace elements concentrations (As, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) were found in samples of Halodule wrightii Aschers (Cymodoceaceae) seagrass from Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This bay has been impacted by the presence of industrial activity that includes chemical and petrochemical plants as well as an oil refinery and harbor activities located in the north and northeastern area. Samples were collected at 4 stations to evaluate the distribution of element concentrations in this area and under different climatic conditions. The mean concentrations, in mgkg(-1), found in dry tissues for all the studied metals and stations were: As (1.08-5.42), Ba (3.72-32.0), Cd (0.135-1.68), Cr (1.15-10.4), Cu (2.23-13.4), Ni (1.95-9.87), Pb (0.873-5.18), V (3.39-22.4) and Zn (13.1-39.5). Statistical analysis (ANOVA) of the seagrass data showed significant inter-site differences for all elements examined except nickel and vanadium. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. A numerical modeling analysis of the phytoplankton and nutrients dynamics for Todos Santos Bay and northwestern Baja California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz Rico, J. E., Sr.; Rivas, D.

    2015-12-01

    A tridimensional physical-biological numerical model is implemented for the Todos Santos Bay and the northwest of Baja California to investigate the mechanics and ecological processes associated with the regional plankton dynamics. An NPZD (Nitrate, Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, and Detritus) ecosystem simple model is used to describe the distribution and evolution of the lower trophic levels in the area of study. The model adequately reproduces the spatial distribution of the concentration of chlorophyll for the different seasons of the year. In general, the distribution of the subsurface chlorophyll maximum (SCM) depends primarily on the seasonal circulation patterns, the total solar irradiance, and the vertical flux of nutrients. Interannual variability shows two extreme years in the analyzed period: 2006 and 2007. Year 2006 was an anomalous warm year, with a weak upwelling activity and low chlorophyll concentrations compared to year 2011. These anomalies are related to the activity of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, the El Niño+3, and the regional Outgoing Longwave Radiation. Thus, in spite of the simplicity of the NPZD model, both temporal and spatial patterns of distribution of chlorophyll and nutrients are generally reproduced.

  19. Towards the numerical simulation of the summer circulation in Todos Santos Bay, Ensenada, B.C. Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateos, E.; Marinone, S. G.; Parés-Sierra, A.

    The general circulation of Todos Santos Bay was studied using the ROMS numerical model for the summer season. The model was forced with the California Current System and by synoptic winds, which are mainly towards the equator. The circulation is characterized by two systems: one at the exterior with a strong southward flow that enters to the bay but limited by the ˜35 m isobath and the other at the rest of the bay. The circulation in the interior oscillates between two spatial structures: one in which the general circulation is anticyclonic for two-three days overall the bay producing a large eddy and a small cyclonic eddy in front of Ensenada's port, then the anticyclonic eddy evolves to produce the second spatial structure by splitting into two counter rotating eddies making the original anticyclonic one to be limited to the northern side of the bay and last three-four days and the small cyclonic eddy reverses its circulation. Such conditions are a consequence of the transport oscillations of the southward flow on the northwestern boundary and the mode with two eddies appears when the associated inflow is more intense. The transition between these two modes takes place in only one-two days. The time average circulation was also analyzed and the circulation with the two eddies dominates as it is of stronger currents and last longer.

  20. Level of satisfaction of clients of public pharmacies dispensing high-cost drugs in Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Karla Oliveira dos Santos Cassaro

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of pharmaceutical services and to determine the socioeconomic profile of public pharmacy clients. This is a cross-sectional observational study using a quantitative approach. The sample was calculated from the monthly number of patients seen in pharmacies and was stratified for each pharmacy. Data were analysed using SPSS 11.5 software and by observing the simple relative frequencies for qualitative variables. For the quantitative variables, the analysis of variance (ANOVA and post-hoc Fisher tests were performed. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD. The results show that, in general, patients at "Farmácias cidadãs" are satisfied with the services. However, when stratified, we found that the greatest satisfaction was related only to structural and organizational aspects, while the pharmaceutical services are unsatisfactory. When relating satisfaction to the socioeconomic characteristics, a difference between waiting time (39.07 ± 19.53, attendance by pharmacist (8.91 ± 5.14 and education was observed. It is concluded that users are satisfied with the services of state "Farmácias cidadãs" of Espírito Santo, but there should be improvements in relation to pharmaceutical services and the interpersonal relationships between health professionals and users of the public health system in Brazil.

  1. ALGUMAS CONTRIBUIÇÕES DE MILTON SANTOS PARA A COMPREENSÃO DO PLANO DIRETOR PARTICIPATIVO DAS CIDADES

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    Pedro Nunes Britto Moreira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo realiza uma breve análise sobre como as teorias de Milton Santos podem ser importantes para um entendimento crítico da dinâmica espacial e social das cidades e apresenta algumas considerações sobre como tais análises podem ser relevantes para a compreensão do direito à política pública de planejamento urbano por meio Plano Diretor Participativo. Com efeito, após um curto exame das influências do capital na produção da cidade e apresentar algumas dificuldades da aplicação de uma legislação urbanística voltada aos interesses coletivos, ressalta como as ações e experiências populares podem ser elementos fundamentais no processo de elaboração do planejamento urbano. Por fim, o presente estudo se propõe a interpretar o Direito e o Plano Diretor Participativo como vetores de construção do meio urbano que podem receber usos alternativos e assim serem utilizados como instrumentos emancipatórios e de promoção de uma democracia urbana.

  2. Ossification Pattern of Estuarine Dolphin (Sotalia guianensis Forelimbs, from the Coast of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil.

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    Anna Paula Martins de Carvalho

    Full Text Available The estuarine dolphin, Sotalia guianensis, is one of the most abundant cetacean species in Brazil. Determination of age and of aspects associated with the development of this species is significant new studies. Counts of growth layer groups in dentin are used to estimate age of these animals, though other ways to evaluate development are also adopted, like the measurement of total length (TL. This study presents a procedure to evaluate the development of the estuarine dolphin based on the ossification pattern of forelimbs. Thirty-seven estuarine dolphins found in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, were examined. Age was estimated, TL was measured and ossification of epiphyses was examined by radiography. We analyzed results using the Spearman correlation. Inspection of radiographs allowed evaluation of the significance of the correlation between age and development of the proximal (r = 0.9109 and distal (r = 0.9092 radial epiphyses, and of the distal ulnar epiphyses (r = 0.9055. Radiographic analysis of forelimbs proved to be an appropriate method to evaluate physical maturity, and may be a helpful tool to estimate age of these animals in ecological and population studies.

  3. The White Male as Narrative Axis in Mayra Santos-Febres’s Nuestra señora de la noche

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    Helene C. Weldt-Basson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mayra Santos-Febres’s 2006 novel, Nuestra señora de la noche , is based on the life of the Puerto Rican madam, Isabel la Negra, a legendary figure in Puerto Rican culture. Using both Mervin Alleyne’s theory of racial discrimination and Aída Hurtado’s theory of racially-based gender discrimination, which shows how the reactions of white and black females are governed by their relation of dependency on or rejection by the white male, this study illustrates how the character Isabel la Negra evolves as a postmodern, feminist character who opposes racism and gender subordination in Puerto Rico through her role as a prostitute. Conversely, the study also illustrates how madness, associated with both white (Cristina Rangel and black (Montse females in the novel, is a powerless rather than feminist strategy, into which women descend due to their mistreatment by patriarchal society. The study illustrates how Fernando Fornarís, the white male protagonist, serves as the narrative axis for the development of women’s polarized reactions to patriarchal domination in the novel.

  4. "IDEIAS-FORÇA" DO PENSAMENTO DE BOAVENTURA SOUSA SANTOS E A EDUCAÇÃO INTERCULTURAL

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    Vera Maria Ferrão Candau

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A ampla produção do sociólogo português Boaventura Sousa Santos tem impactado diferentes áreas do conhecimento, assim como movimentos de iniciativa de diversos atores sociais, orientados a promover processos de transformação social e construção democrática. Consideramos que suas contribuições são de especial relevância para o debate sobre as questões educativas na sociedade atual. É nesse horizonte que se situa o presente trabalho, que tem por objetivo identificar aspectos especialmente mobilizadores - "ideias-força" - do seu pensamento para se aprofundar, tanto teórica como praticamente, na perspectiva da educação intercultural crítica. O artigo está estruturado em três partes que mutuamente se exigem: uma reflexão sobre a expressão "ideias-força"; as principais tendências da educação intercultural hoje na América Latina; e a apresentação de algumas das "ideias-força" do pensamento de Boaventura, que permitem aprofundar e ampliar a discussão sobre a educação intercultural na perspectiva crítica.

  5. Circulating Strains of Brucella abortus in Cattle in Santo Domingo De Los Tsáchilas Province - Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Richar Ivan; Contreras-Zamora, Javier; Benitez Ortiz, Washington; Guerrero-Viracocha, Karina; Salcan-Guaman, Holger; Minda, Elizabeth; Ron Garrido, Lenin

    2015-01-01

    The Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas in Ecuador represents the largest informal cattle market. Because of its strategic position, cattle movement is very high and therefore we selected this region, to determine the strain variation of Brucella sp. Part of the study aimed at the isolation, biotyping, and genotyping of Brucella species from milk and supra-mammary lymph nodes of sero-positive bovines, using selective Farrell medium, biochemical assays, and IS711-PCR, AMOS-PCR, and HOOF-Prints techniques. In total, 656 animals from 12 sero-positive dairy herds and from the provincial slaughterhouse were diagnosed by Rose Bengal and Wright's Slow Agglutination test with EDTA. Amongst these animals, 50 animals were sero-positive for brucellosis. Twenty-five lymph nodes and 25 milk samples from each group of positive reactors were transferred to culture medium. Isolation was possible from 4 (16%) lymph nodes and 9 (36%) milk samples; out of these, 10 isolates were diagnosed as Brucella sp. All four isolates of lymphatic tissue corresponded to Brucella abortus biotype 1, confirmed as field strains by molecular analysis. Milk isolations, showed biochemically a more dispersed pattern in which B. abortus biotypes 1 and 4 were found; yet four samples gave a pattern similar to B. abortus biotype 2; however, only biotypes 1 and 4 were confirmed by molecular analysis. The concordance between biochemical and molecular diagnostic tests reached 76.9%.

  6. Multi-elemental contamination and historic record in sediments from the Santos-Cubatao Estuarine System, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luiz-Silva, Wanilson [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias; Machado, Wilson [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Geoquimica; Matos, Rosa H.R. E-mail: wanilson@ige.unicamp.br

    2008-07-01

    This paper records for the first time the contamination history and identifies the sources of 38 elements in sediments from the Santos-Cubatao Estuarine System (SE Brazil), at one of the most industrialized areas in Latin America. The compositions of samples from a 260 cm long sediment core collected in the Morrao River estuary were determined by ICP-MS. Enrichment factors, principal component analysis, correlation matrixes, and the characterization of geochemical signatures permitted a consistent data evaluation. Contaminant elements such as Cr, Mn, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Pb, and Bi were associated with steel plant-derived Fe concentrations, while Be, Ca, Sc, Co, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, Ta, Th, and U were associated with fertilizer industry-derived P concentrations. An overlap of sedimentary Fe distribution and local steel plant production indicated that Fe is a reliable marker of the contamination history, allowing the estimation of sedimentation rates over a period of 45 years of industrial activities. (author)

  7. Eclesiologia e Ação Pastoral de Dom Fernando Gomes dos Santos (1910-1985: da hierarquia à comunidade

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    Lindsay Borges

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo examinar a relação entre a eclesiologia e a ação pastoral de Dom Fernando Gomes dos Santos (1910-1985, ao longo de sua trajetória como padre e, principalmente, como Bispo e Arcebispo. Ao perscrutar esse percurso – por meio dos veículos de comunicação religiosos – evidencia-se como o prelado constituiu-se em referencial das mudanças da Igreja no Brasil, a partir de meados do século XX, partindo de uma visão eclesiológica e uma prática pastoral voltada para o interior da instituição, cujo ápice foi uma concepção reiterada da Igreja como povo de Deus, voltada para a comunidade. Nesse processo, chama atenção a destacada participação de Dom Fernando na criação da Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (CNBB, em 1952, e seus pronunciamentos durante o Concílio Vaticano II (1962-1965.

  8. Heritage, agency and memory: the demolition of Sociedade Italiana de Espírito Santo do pinhal (SP headquarters

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    Izabela Maria Tamaso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the strategies undertaken by a group of pinhalenses on the demolition process of the Italian Society de Mútuo Socorro headquarters "Dante Alighieri" in the city of Espírito Santo do Pinhal (SP is analysed, which although it isnot recognized by official heritage agencies, it was considered socially and culturally significant in order to configure on a heritage to the descendants of Italians. Two "critical situations", located in different times, is used as a parameter for the interpretations developed here: (1 the confiscation of assets of Italian immigrants in 1942, when Brazil' enters into the World War II and (2 the demolition of the Italian Society headquarters in 1991. In an analysis of the social interaction of two disciplinary organizations in time and space - the Italian Society and a Lodge - with various social agents, children of Italians, in order to follow the cultural debate of the social practise. We seek to articulate the relationship between the unspeakable memories and thus silenced, of the war period, with the data of cartographic documents, interwoven with historical data, in order to understand the headquarter’s demolition as a result of strategic behaviour undertaken by a group of pinhalenses, which aimed to eliminate the tangible marks of fascism in the city.

  9. Checklist of Ephemeroptera (Insecta from São Mateus River Basin, Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Kamila Batista Angeli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIn order to expand the knowledge on the composition of Ephemeroptera from large rivers, we present, herein, the first survey of mayflies from the São Mateus River Basin, Espírito Santo State. Adults were collected biannually in 2012 and 2013 with the aid of Pennsylvania light trap in eleven points distributed in the main river of the river basin, São Mateus River and its two main tributaries, Cotaxé River (Braço Norte and Cricaré River (Braço Sul. Thirty-three species were identified (22 nominal and 11 morphospecies in 24 genera and five families. One genus and one species are reported for the first time from Brazil, three species from Southeastern Region of Brazil, and two species from the state. Five species and one genus not previously described were also found. Moreover, around 20% of the known species of mayfly registered from the state were found. This work reinforces the need to give more attention to research on large rivers due to the high potential for diversity, not only for Ephemeroptera, but also for other aquatic insects.

  10. Harm Reduction Unit of the City of Santo André, São Paulo State, Brazil: An Evaluation

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    Silvia Moreira da Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Harm Reduction Unit (HRU in Santo André (São Paulo State was created to improve the health of people who either live or work on the streets: drug users, commercial sex workers (male and female, men who have sex with men, sexually exploited adolescents, transsexuals, transvestites, lesbians, and women working in brothels. This project was undertaken to evaluate the HRU from the perspective of its users. A semi-structured interview was administered to nineteen users from different segments of the populations served by the unit. The major weaknesses of the HRU were felt to be its inconsistent presence in some areas and the absence of psychologists to provide follow-up care. The unit was seen as promoting better health, increased use of condoms, reduction in drug usage, increased access and use of health care services, and less sharing of equipment used in drug consumption. Users see the HRU as a sympathetic presence whose ongoing work provides them with a sense of security and protection. The impact of the HRU went beyond harm reduction; users reported transformative changes such as increased awareness of their social rights and knowledge about how those rights can be demanded. Users had been given new tools to face their problems and seek access to education, work, and housing. Key words: harm reduction, illegal drugs, health service evaluation, social problems

  11. Estado nutricional y malaria en escolares de la comunidad de Santo Tomás en Iquitos, Perú

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    Javier Vargas H

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio piloto de seguimiento, durante 9 meses, a una cohorte de 52 niños escolares de Santo Tomás en Iquitos, Perú. El estado nutricional fue determinado al inicio y al final del estudio, así como la incidencia de malaria. Al inicio del estudio, 9,6% presentaron bajo peso para la edad, 32,7% baja talla para la edad, 61,9% presentaron bajos niveles de retinol sérico y 7,7% presentaron un Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC debajo del quinto percentil. Los indicadores no variaron significativamente en las mediciones iniciales y finales. La baja talla para la edad se asoció con la incidencia de malaria (RR 5,49, p=0,032. Podría ser un indicador de deficientes condiciones de vida, que a su vez, favorezcan la transmisión de la malaria.

  12. Discontiguous States of America: The Paradox of Unincorporation in Craig Santos Perez’s Poetics of Chamorro Guam

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    Paul Lai

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Eclipsed by other islands incorporated into the United States after the Spanish-American War of 1898, Guam has nevertheless played a crucial role in the development of the American Pacific as a strategic military site. Like other territories of the United States, Guam’s ambiguous legal status and the presence of native peoples, cultures, and histories signal the paradox of unincorporated territories that troubles the issues of belonging and identification as “American.” This essay takes up poet-scholar Craig Santos Perez’s work to assert the primacy of Indigenous Chamorro histories, languages, and cultures in understanding the island’s place in and out of the American Empire. Perez’s experimental, decolonial poetics fracture narratives of America as a benevolent force in the Pacific; of English as the only relevant language of the Mariana Islands and America; of Spanish and Catholic domination as a relic of the past; of environmental transformations wrought by the intimacies of empire; and of simplistic accounts of assimilation or resistance to militarization and colonialism. Furthermore, by foregrounding “Discontiguous States of America” as an organizing trope for comparative understanding of unincorporated territories in the Caribbean and Pacific, American Indian reservation spaces on the continent, and the outlying states of Alaska and Hawai‘i, this essay argues that transnational American Studies must look within its territorial possessions to Indigenous sovereignty claims as well as outside to global flows in order to offer a truly critical, transnational American Studies.

  13. Ingresos y egresos del tribunal del Santo Oficio de la nueva España en el siglo XVIII

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    Ruiz Islas, Alfredo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This article informs on the means through which the Inquisition of New Spain obtained the necessary resources and the way in which such resources were disposed of. Through the analysis of archive sources and chosen bibliography a series of tables have been built up showing the income and outcome entries as well as the corresponding amounts and percentages. It is the aim of this work to increase our knowledge of this institution by exploring a little known aspect of the same: that of the economy on which it was run.

    El artículo busca proporcionar información acerca de la manera en que la Inquisición novohispana obtenía en el siglo XVIII los recursos que permitían su correcto funcionamiento y, al tiempo, la forma en que los mismos se distribuían. Mediante el análisis de los datos contenidos en documentos de archivo, y en la bibliografía apropiada, se confeccionaron una serie de tablas que presentan los rubros que componían al ingreso y al egreso del Tribunal, así como sus montos y porcentajes, de los cuales sólo se incluye un par por razones de espacio. El objetivo es enriquecer el conocimiento existente sobre el Santo Oficio, explorando su vertiente menos conocida: la económica.

  14. Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre estudantes de odontologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Psychoactive substance use among Espírito Santo Federal University odontology students

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    Renata Frossard Teixeira

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é traçar o perfil do uso de substâncias psicoativas entre os universitários do curso de odontologia do Centro de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, desenvolvido com universitários do primeiro ao último ano do curso de odontologia. O instrumento utilizado na coleta de dados é uma adaptação do proposto pela OMS e desenvolvido pela WHO - Research and Reporting Project on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados através do Programa Statistical Package for the Social Science. 60,3% dos universitários são do sexo feminino, 48,9% se encontram na faixa etária de 20 a 22 anos e 41,3% e 43,7% pertencem à classe social A e B, respectivamente. Quanto ao uso de substâncias psicoativas, 72,4% fizeram uso na vida de alguma substância, exceto álcool e tabaco; 25,9% fizeram uso de solventes, 13,2% uso de maconha, 10,9%, de anfetamínicos, 27%, de tabaco e 87,9%, de álcool. Faz-se necessário a prevenção do uso indevido de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários, através da abordagem dessa temática no currículo acadêmico e da criação de programas específicos para universitários.The objective of this article is to trace the psychoactive substance use profile among odontology college students from the Espírito Santo Federal University Health Sciences Center. It is an explorative, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study developed with first to last year college students of the odontology course. The instrument used for data collection was an adaptation of one proposed by WHO and developed by WHO - Research and Reporting Project on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Data were listed and analyzed through the Statistical Package Program for the Social Science. The results showed that 60.3% colleges student are female, 48.9% age between 20 and 22 years, 41

  15. Representações sociais da homeopatia: uma revisão de estudos produzidos no Estado do Espírito Santo Social representations of homeopathy: a revision of studies produced in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Túlio Alberto Martins de Figueiredo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo buscou colocar em revista as investigações sobre as representações da homeopatia no cenário capixaba. Trata-se da análise de seis trabalhos até então produzidos nesse recorte, explorando tais representações entre os profissionais de saúde (gestores, médicos, cirurgiões-dentistas, farmacêuticos e enfermeiros e a comunidade. No tocante à comunidade, um estudo reportou-se à sociedade em geral e outro a usuários. Ambos, no entanto, representaram a homeopatia com a idéia de tratamento natural ou fitoterápico, que se presta essencialmente para controlar ou curar alergias e outras doenças consideradas leves. No que diz respeito aos profissionais de saúde, todos os estudos, à exceção de um, reportaram-se aos alopatas. Entre esses alopatas, excetuando-se os farmacêuticos, as idéias circulantes sobre a homeopatia foram idênticas às da comunidade. A homeopatia enquanto especialidade , é um fenômeno social gerador de representações que circulam e se transformam em uma determinada sociedade. Nosso estudo considera que todos os equívocos a respeito das idéias circulantes sobre a homeopatia na comunidade e no meio científico capixaba são reminiscências históricas que remontam à chegada dessa especialidade no Brasil, perpetuadas pela sua ausência na maioria dos projetos político-pedagógicos locais dos cursos de formação em saúde.This study attempts to survey the investigations about the representations of homeopathy on the State of Espírito Santo scene. The point of departure was an analysis of six studies of the kind, in which the subjects were professionals acting in the area of health and community members. One of the six studies surveyed society as a whole and a second one focused on users of homeopathic medicaments. Yet both groups of respondents represented homeopathy as natural or phytotherapic treatment, essentially directed to controlling or curing allergy and other diseases which were

  16. Seed dispersal of Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae in the Linhares Forest, Espírito Santo state, Brazil Dispersão de sementes de Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae na Floresta de Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    João Vasconcellos-Neto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse seed dispersal and establishment of Solanum thomasiifolium in an area of "nativo" vegetation in Espirito Santo state on the southeastern Brazilian coast. Ten species of birds, the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous, and one species of lizard (Tropidurus torquatus fed on S. thomasiifolium fruits and dispersed viable seeds in their faeces. The proportional contribution of each of these groups to seed dispersal was 77% (birds, 19% (crab-eating fox and 4% (lizards. Ants also contributed to seed dispersal. More seeds were deposited in vegetation islands than in the surrounding open areas. Germination rates of seeds collected directly from fruit (control, bird droppings, the faeces of crab-eating foxes and lizards were, respectively, 64, 64, 53, and 80 %. Differences among these rates were all significant, except between birds and control. Lizards were important as seed carriers between nearby islands and they expelled a higher proportion of viable seeds. Birds and the crab-eating foxes did not enhance seed germination, but promoted seed dispersal over a wider area. Plant architecture, fruit productivity, fruit characteristics and the diversity of frugivores are important for the success of S. thomasiifolium in habitat colonization.O propósito deste estudo foi analisar a dispersão de sementes e o estabelecimento de Solanum thomasiifolium em uma área de vegetação de "nativo" no Estado do Espírito Santo, na costa do sudeste do Brasil. Dez espécies de aves, o cachorro-do-mato (Cerdocyon thous e uma espécie de lagarto (Tropidurus torquatus alimentaram-se de frutos de S. thomasiifolium e dispersaram sementes viáveis em suas fezes. A contribuição proporcional de cada um destes grupos na dispersão de sementes foi de 77% para aves, 19% para o cachorro-do-mato e 4% para o lagarto. Formigas também contribuíram com a dispersão de sementes. Mais sementes foram depositadas nas ilhas de vegetação do que nas

  17. Farmácia: a porta de entrada para o acesso a medicamentos para idosos residentes em Santos Pharmacy: a gateway to access to medicines for elderly individuals living in the city of Santos

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    Beatriz Vieira de Moura

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivos conhecer o perfil dos medicamentos utilizados pelos idosos, com ênfase na associação entre aqueles de uso contínuo mais utilizados e outros fármacos sem indicação médica e avaliar a função social do farmacêutico nas farmácias privadas. O método utilizado foi a pesquisa qualitativa de natureza compreensiva e explicativa, realizada no município de Santos, em 2008, em bairros com maior concentração de idosos (IBGE,2000. Nesses bairros, foram identificadas três farmácias privadas, que autorizaram a realização da pesquisa por um período de uma semana, quando foram realizadas as entrevistas, a partir de um roteiro estruturado.Os resultados evidenciaram um maior consumo dos idosos para as classes farmacológicas dos medicamentos de uso contínuo (os anti-hipertensivos, antidiabéticos, diuréticos e o antiagregante plaquetário. Dentre os medicamentos adquiridos sem prescrição médica, destacaram-se a compra de: analgésicos/antitérmicos, antigripais, antiinflamatórios e fitoterápicos. Alguns dos que compõem esse conjunto são tarjados e exigiriam a apresentação do receituário. As evidências obtidas apontam para o fato de que o consumo autoindicado, associado ao uso de medicamentos de uso contínuo, é uma prática rotineira entre os idosos.This study aimed to profile the consumption of drugs by seniors,with emphasis on the association between the most commonly purchased drugs of continueduse and other drugs without medical prescription,and to evaluate the social role of the pharmacist in private pharmacies.The method was qualitative research, of the comprehensive and explanatory type, carried outin the city of Santos in 2008, inneighborhoods with high concentration of elderly people(IBGE 2000. In these neighborhoods, three private pharmacieswere identified.They authorized the conductionof the research for one week. During this period,interviews were performedbasedon a structured script

  18. Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários de medicina da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Psychoactive substance use among Medicine students from Espirito Santo Federal University

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    Denis Soprani Pereira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de substâncias psicoativas entre os universitários do Curso de Medicina do Centro de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, desenvolvido com 168 universitários, do primeiro ao último ano do curso de medicina. O instrumento utilizado na coleta de dados foi o Questionário sobre o Uso de Drogas, uma adaptação do questionário proposto pela OMS¹. Os dados foram tabulados por meio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS². RESULTADOS: Ao todo, 54,8% dos universitários são do sexo feminino, 76,8% se encontram na faixa etária de 17 a 22 anos e 50% pertencem à classe social B. Quanto ao uso de substâncias psicoativas, 86,9% relataram uso na vida de álcool, seguido de tabaco (22,0%, solventes (15,5%, anfetaminas (10,1%, cannabis sativa (9,5%, alucinógenos com 1,8% e barbitúricos com 0,6%. CONCLUSÃO: Faz-se necessária a prevenção do uso indevido de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários, por meio de disciplinas curriculares que abordem a temática e de programas de prevenção destinados a essa população.OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the psychoactive substances used among the college students from the Medicine course in the Center of Health Sciences in, Espirito Santo Federal University. METHODS: It is a exploratory, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study developed within 168 college students of Medicine from the first to the last year of the course. The instrument used to collect data was the Questionnaire on Drug Abuse, an adaptation from the questionnaire proposed by WHO¹. The data had been tabulated through the Social Science Program Statistical Package (SPSS². RESULTS: Overall, 54.8% of the college students are females, 76.8%, from 17 to 22 years and 50% belonging to social class "B". As for the use of psychoactive substances, a high

  19. Gestão de práticas esportivas escolares no ensino fundamental no município de Santos Administration of the schools in the city of Santos - SP

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    Carla Nascimento Luguetti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa teve por objetivo analisar as condições das práticas esportivas escolares (PEEs no ensino fundamental no município de Santos - SP sob o ponto de vista dos gestores escolares, com relação à: a percentual de atendimento no âmbito público; b descrição dos recursos materiais e financeiros; c caracterização dos recursos humanos; d características do programa desenvolvido. Para isso, foram aplicados questionários junto aos gestores das escolas privadas (n = 12, municipais (n = 35 e estaduais (n = 12. Verificou-se que poucas crianças e jovens são atendidas nos programas no âmbito público. As instalações das escolas privadas e municipais são melhores que as da rede estadual; destaca-se que o município utiliza os espaços cedidos pela Secretaria Municipal de Esportes e pela Comunidade. De acordo com os gestores, o professor/treinador das PEEs não ministra Educação Física Escolar na mesma escola. Os gestores das escolas privadas e do município relataram que as PEEs não têm ligação com o Projeto Político Pedagógico (PPP da escola, o que aponta uma descrença dos gestores quanto à possibilidade educacional das PEEs. No âmbito público, pode-se pensar em estratégias para a democratização dessas práticas, com programas intersetoriais - que articulem diferentes secretarias e a participação da comunidade, de tal forma que os orçamentos possam ser otimizados e as PEEs valorizadas no contexto em que estão inseridas. Pretende-se que esse conhecimento subsidie futuras discussões sobre programas de iniciação esportiva no contexto escolar.The current research aimed to analyze the conditions of the schools sports practices (SPS in the elementary schools in the city of Santos - SP, from the perspective of the manager, in relation to: a percentage of attendance in the public sphere; b description of the material and fi nancial resources; c characterization of the human resources; d characteristics of the

  20. Avaliação ergonômica do ambiente de trabalho em marcenarias no sul do Espírito Santo Ergonomic analysis in joinery workplaces in the south of Espírito Santo

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    Nilton Cesar Fiedler

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa foi realizada em marcenarias do Sul do Espírito Santo, com o objetivo de avaliar os fatores do ambiente de trabalho. A coleta de dados foi feita de agosto de 2006 a julho de 2007, em três marcenarias, analisando-se as condições de clima, níveis de ruído, iluminância, vibração, gases, fuligens e poeira. Foi aplicado um questionário semiestruturado para avaliar as condições humanas e de saúde do trabalhador, a segurança e as condições gerais de trabalho. Os resultados indicaram que o Índice de Bulbo Úmido e Termômetro de Globo (IBUTG estavam de acordo com a Norma Regulamentadora n° 15 (atividade moderada, com o mínimo de 25,45 °C às 8 h e o máximo de 26,92 °C às 10 h. Os maiores níveis de ruído foram encontrados no traçador (94,79 dB(A, na tupia (88,9 dB(A, na serra circular (88,66 dB(A, na desempenadeira (88,35 dB(A e na desengrossadeira (88,01dB(A. A iluminância não estava de acordo com os mínimos necessários estabelecidos pela NBR 5413/92, com níveis variando de 304,41 a 1.301,19 lux. Através dos questionários, foi unânime o descontentamento dos marceneiros quanto aos riscos a que estão expostos.This research was carried out in joineries in the South of Espírito Santo to evaluate workplace conditions. Data was colleted in three different joineries from August of 2006 to July of 2007, analyzing climate, noise level, light conditions, vibration, gases, soot and dust at the workplace. A questionnaire was given to evaluate workers´ health conditions, safety and general conditions at work. The results showed that the Index of Humid Bulb and Globe Thermometer (IBUTG was in accordance with NR 15, with a minimum of 25.45°C at 08:00 a.m. and a maximum of 26.92°C at 10:00 a.m. The highest noise levels were found for the cutter (94.79 dB(A, shaper (88.9 dB(A, buzz saw (88.66 dB(A, smoother (88.35 dB(A and planer (88.01dB(A. Light conditions were not in accordance with NBR 5413/92, with levels varying

  1. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Alcohol and tobacco use among Psychology students at the Federal University of Espírito Santo

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    Marcos Vinícius Ferreira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de álcool e tabaco entre universitários do curso de graduação em Psicologia do Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A população estudada foi de alunos matriculados no referido curso no segundo semestre do ano de 2010, constituindo uma amostra de 221 estudantes. O questionário utilizado foi o mesmo utilizado no I Levantamento Nacional entre Universitários, proposto pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos estudantes era solteira (90,1%, do sexo feminino (81%, estava na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (81%, era da raça/cor caucasoide/branca (57,5% e 55% referiram pertencer às classes econômicas B1 e B2. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de álcool (85,07% e tabaco (33,07% na frequência uso na vida, sendo o uso de álcool maior que na população geral. As substâncias associadas ao uso de álcool na vida foram a maconha (p-valor = 0,007, os tranquilizantes (p = 0,011 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,045. Já para o uso de tabaco na vida, as substâncias mais associadas foram a maconha (p = 0,0001, os inalantes (p = 0,0001, os alucinógenos (p = 0,0001 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: É necessária maior abordagem nos currículos de graduação, especialmente da Psicologia, sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoativas e seus impactos para o indivíduo, a família e a sociedade, bem como a criação de programas preventivos específicos para estudantes universitários.OBJECTIVE: Profiling the use of alcohol and tobacco among the undergraduate students of Psychology at the Center for Human and Natural Sciences of Federal University of Espírito Santo. METHODS: The study population were students enrolled in the second semester of 2010 in the psychology undergraduate, comprising a sample of 221 students. The questionnaire used was the same

  2. Ocorrência da lagarta-da-maçã-do-algodoeiro em frutos de tomateiro no estado do Espírito Santo Occurrence of tobacco budworm in tomato fruits in the Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Dirceu Pratissoli

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Ovos e lagartas de Heliothis virescens (Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae foram encontrados em frutos de tomateiro da cultivar Santa Clara, em um plantio localizado em área experimental, em Alegre-ES. Essa infestação proporcionou dano de cerca de 10%, caracterizado por perfurações de tamanhos variados na polpa de frutos com diâmetros superiores a 2 cm, variando de acordo com o estádio de desenvolvimento das lagartas. Ovos foram coletados e levados ao laboratório, onde foram mantidos à temperatura de 25±3ºC e 70±10% de umidade relativa até a eclosão. As lagartas recém-eclodidas foram individualizadas em caixa gerbox e alimentadas em fatias de frutos de tomate, onde permaneceram até a fase de pupa para sua identificação. Este é o primeiro relato da ocorrência de Heliothis virescens em frutos de tomate no Brasil.Eggs and caterpillars of the Heliothis virescens (Fabricius, 1781 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae were found in tomato fruits of cv. Santa Clara, in a plantation located in Alegre, Espirito Santo State, Brazil. The attack caused damage in 10% of fruits characterized by different perforation sizes in the pulp of the fruits with diameters of two or more centimeters, depending on the state of development of the caterpillars. Eggs were collected, taken to the laboratory, and kept at 25±3ºC and 70±10% of relative humidity until the larval phase. The caterpillars were individually kept in gerboxes and fed with tomato slices until the pupa phase for identification. This is the first report of the occurrence of Heliothis virescens in tomato fruits in Brazil.

  3. Perfil epidemiológico dos casos de tuberculose multirresistente do Espírito Santo Epidemiological profile of multidrug-resistent tuberculosis cases in Espiríto Santo

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    Rafael da Cruz Araújo Vieira

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo retrospectivo de perfil dos casos de TBMR do Espírito Santo, entre 2000 e 2004. Identificou-se 61 pacientes com TBMR, sendo a amostra composta por 57 casos, que tiveram seus prontuários revisados para obtenção das variáveis estudadas. Estimou-se como prevalência para a TBMR combinada 0,87% (0,66 - 1,13; IC95%. O teste anti-HIV foi feito em 78,9% dos casos, sendo 11,1% positivos. Investigando co-morbidades, destacaram-se etilismo e tabagismo. Encontrou-se 11 casos de resistência primária (RI e 46 de resistência adquirida (RA, com média de 2,3 ± 1,3 tratamentos anteriores. Em 35,1% dos casos houve relato de contato prévio conhecido com doente de tuberculose, enquanto em 67,9% não houve ou nega-se ter havido. Dez pacientes (17,5% foram tratados com o esquema de 1ª linha, 18 (31,6% com o de 2ª linha e 27 (47,4% com o de 3ª linha. Dezoito (31,6% tiveram tratamento auto-administrado, e 39 (68,4% supervisionado. Quanto ao desfecho, houve cura em 33 casos (71,7%, abandono em 7 (15,2% e óbito em 5 (10,9%, 1 caso de falência e 11 (19,3% estão em tratamento. Dos 10 casos encerrados de RI, 80% (8/10 foram curados, contra 69,4% (25/36 dos casos de RA. Concluímos que a prevalência de TBMR é baixa no ES. A cura foi alcançada em 70% dos casos. As co-morbidades podem ser importante fator interveniente para um desfecho satisfatório do tratamento. Os resultados enfatizam a necessidade de busca, diagnóstico e realização de TSA para identificação da RI e a supervisão do tratamento de todos os casos de tuberculose.This is a retrospective profile study of MRTB cases in Espírito Santo, between 2000 and 2004. Sixty-one patients were identified as MRTB, in a sample of 57 cases. All clinical charts of these cases were reviewed for the variables studied. The combined prevalence of MRTB was estimated as 0.87% (0.66 - 1.13; 95% CI. Anti-HIV tests were performed in 78.9% of cases, yielding 5 (11.1% positive results. Regarding co

  4. Impacto dos Royalties do Petróleo no PIB Per Capita dos Municípios do Estado do Espírito Santo, BrasilOil Royalties Effects on the Per Capita GDP in the cities of Espirito Santo, BrazilEl Impacto de los Royalties del Petróleo en el PIB Per Capita de los Municipios del Estado de Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    RIBEIRO, Edivan Guidote

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOIdentificar os impactos que a política pública provoca na economia é essencial para a sua formulação e para o direcionamento da aplicação dos recursos financeiros auferidos pelo Estado. Este trabalho estuda a política pública brasileira de royalties de petróleo e gás natural e tem como objetivo identificar os efeitos das receitas de royalties dos governos municipais do Estado do Espírito Santo, no PIB per capita dos respectivos municípios. Os dados utilizados neste estudo correspondem aos 78 municípios de que se compõe o Estado, entre os anos de 1999 e 2004. Por meio de um modelo estatístico de dados em painel equilibrado, procedeu-se à estimação do modelo para sua efetiva análise. Os resultados mostraram que não há evidências dos impactos dessas políticas no PIB per capita nos municípios do Espírito Santo.ABSTRACTThe identification of the economical effects of public policies is essential for the formulation of such policies, as well as for the adequate allocation of the financial resources obtained by the government. The present work studies the Brazilian public policies regarding oil and natural gas royalties. Its main goal is to uncover the effects of royalties’ revenues on the per capita GDP at the city level in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil. The data correspond to the 78 cities comprising the Brazilian state, from 1999 to 2004. An econometric model, using balanced panel data, was used to estimate the effects. The results indicate that there is no evidence of impact of these public policies on the per capita GDP of the cities of Espirito Santo.RESUMENLa identificación de los impactos que la política pública produce en la economía es esencial para su formulación y para orientar la aplicación de los recursos financieros obtenidos por el estado. Este trabajo estudia la política pública brasileña de los royalties del petróleo y del gas natural y tiene la finalidad de identificar los efectos del

  5. Atenção à dependência química na Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo: possibilidades da extensão universitária Atención a la dependencia química en la Universidad Federal del Espírito Santo: posibilidad de la extensión universitaria Substance dependence care at Federal University of Espírito Santo: program extension possibilities

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    Thiago Rodrigues de Amorim

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se neste trabalho descrever dois programas permanentes de extensão da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo que atuam com base nos princípios de ensino, pesquisa, assistência e extensão, direcionados à temática das drogas: o Núcleo de Estudos sobre o Álcool e outras Drogas e o Programa de Atendimento ao Alcoolista do Hospital Universitário Cassiano Antônio Moraes. Tais estratégias constituem referências no Estado do Espírito Santo, promovendo a produção e divulgação de conhecimentos, a realização de pesquisas, a cooperação técnica e assessoria no campo da dependência química, a colaboração na organização de práticas de saúde que atendam às necessidades da população e a assistência ambulatorial para o tratamento do alcoolismo. Inicialmente descrevem-se o Programa de Atendimento ao Alcoolista e sua atuação interdisciplinar no atendimento a pacientes alcoolistas. Em seguida, são apresentadas a origem, a organização e as competências do Núcleo de Estudos sobre o Álcool e outras Drogas.El objetivo de este trabajo es describir dos programas permanentes de extensión de la Universidad Federal del Espírito Santo que actúan con base en los principios de la enseñanza, investigación, asistencia y extensión, en dirección al tema de las drogas: el Núcleo de Estudios sobre el Alcohol y otras Drogas y el Programa de Atención al Alcohólico del Hospital Universitario Cassiano Antônio Moraes. Dichas estrategias constituyen referencias en el Estado del Espírito Santo, promoviendo la producción y divulgación de conocimientos, la realización de investigaciones, la cooperación técnica y asesoría en el campo de la dependencia química, la colaboración en la organización de prácticas de salud que atiendan a las necesidades de la población y la asistencia en ambulatorio para el tratamiento del alcoholismo. Primeramente se describe el Programa de Atención al Alcohólico y su actuaci

  6. Nannoplankton Assemblage Succession Throughout Cretaceous/ Tertiary Boundary in the “P” Well Section, Santos Basin, Brazil

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    Panuju Panuju

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v6i1.115The massive change in calcareous nannoplankton assemblages throughout Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T boundary (65.5 M.a. has been illustrated by several authors. The diverse and abundant assemblage disappears suddenly above the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. This event is related to the most dramatic environmental changes in the Earth's history due to the catastrophic events, those are meteorite impact (Chicxulub and supervolcano eruption (Deccan occurring at the end of Cretaceous. The succeeding age was a time of rapid evolution of nannoplankton during Paleocene. A quantitative method analysis of nannoplankton throughout Maastrichtian to Paleocene of “P” well section, Santos Basin, Brazil, indicated that the nannoplankton assemblages abruptly decrease in diversity and abundance and mostly change in species composition. The various complex shapes of species at Maastrichtian also underwent changing to simple plain shapes and small at Paleocene. The sedimentary section ranges from the top of zone CC23 (Coccolith Cretaceous 23 to NP9 (Nannoplankton Paleogen 9. It is bounded by the Last Occurrence (LO of Tranolithus pachelosus at the base and Fasciculithus tympaniformis at the top. The biostratigraphic discontinuity characterized by the absence of zone CC26 to NP4 is an indicator for the presence of an unconformity at K/T boundary within analyzed section. The Cretaceous nannoplankton assemblages are dominated by Genera Watznaueria, Micula, Arkhangelskiella, Cribrosphaerella, Eiffellithus, Predicosphaera, and Retecapsa, whilst the Paleocene assemblages are dominated by Genera Toweius, Ericsonia, and Coccolithus. Survivor Cretaceous species recovered into Tertiary sediments consist of Braarudosphaera bigelowii, Biscutum melaniae, Neocrepidolithus neocrassus, Placozygus sigmoides, Cyclagelosaphaera reinhardtii, Markalius inversus, and Scapolithus fossilis.

  7. São Manuel Bueno, mártir: a hagiografia de um santo sem fé

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    Lucas Gilnei Pereira de Melo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva realizar uma análise da novela de Miguel de Unamuno, “São Manuel Bueno, Mártir”, verificando a escrita hagiográfica do autor no processo de criação de um personagem santo, Dom Manuel, cujas ações e pensamentos transitam entre a santidade e a heresia. Observaremos os traços da biografia com base na teoria de Levi (2006, visto a novela ser construída a partir dos relatos da narradora Ângela Carballino, sendo, dessa forma uma tentativa de escrever sobre uma vida. Além disso, por tratar-se de uma hagiografia, traremos a baila o teórico Certeau (2010, pois o mesmo discute elementos caracterizadores da santidade, além da postura histórica da igreja em relação a própria hagiografia. A novela de Unamuno perpassa, ainda, pela discussão filosófica existencialista, sobre o sentido da vida, a fé divina e o suicídio.

  8. Economists, parsifal and the search of holy grail Los economistas, Parsifal y la búsqueda del Santo Grial

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    Morong Cyrill

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The economics profession finds itself unsatisfied with the state of economic theory. The most prestigious economists are the main critics of formalism and the abuse of mathematics, despite the success they have had doing what they now criticize in their Nobel speeches. This article analyzes why economists do not ask the pertinent questions from the outset of their careers, using an interpretation of the myth of the Holy Grail based on the psychology of Carl Jung. It compares the formation of economists with the formation of the knights of the middle ages and shows that one of the socioloqical reasons for excessive
    formalism is that scientists seek not only the truth, but also the
    approval of other scientists.La profesión economíca se encuentra insatisfecha con la situación de la teoría económica. Los economistas más prestigiosos son los principales críticos del formalismo y del abuso de las matemáticas pese al éxito que obtuvieron haciendo lo que hoy critícan en sus discursos Nobel. Este artículo analiza por qué los economistas no se hacen las preguntas pertinentes desde el comienzo de la carrera, acudiendo a una interpretación del mito del Santo Grial basada en la psicología de Carl Jung. Compara la formación de los economistas con la formación de la caballeros de la edad media y muestra que una de las razones sociológicas del formalismo excesivo es que los científicos no sólo buscan la verdad sino que también buscan la aprobación de otros científicos.

  9. Climate patterns governing the presence and permanence of salmonellae in coastal areas of Bahia de Todos Santos, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simental, Lourdes; Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime

    2008-10-01

    Despite the importance of salmonellae as one of the major causes of food-borne infections worldwide, data regarding the presence of these organisms in the environment are limited. We investigated the presence of Salmonella spp. in Bahia de Todos Santos (Baja California, Mexico) and evaluated the environmental factors that affect the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in this arid region. A total of 1,331 samples collected from 21 sites along the coast during a period of 3 years were analyzed for Salmonella spp. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Salmonella spp. was evaluated in association with environmental parameters and with human infections in the area. The incidence of Salmonella bacteria throughout the study was 4.8%, with the highest incidence detected in wastewater (16.2%), followed by stream water (10.6%), mollusks (7.4%), and seawater (2.3%). Twenty different serotypes were identified among the 64 Salmonella isolates. The dominant serotype was Typhimurium (23.4%), followed by Vejle (6.2%). The presence of Salmonella spp. in coastal areas was mostly confined to rainy periods and areas of stream discharges, and runoff was identified as the predominant factor influencing the transport of Salmonella bacteria from source points to the sea via streams. Isolation of Salmonella spp. was negatively and significantly associated with temperature, probably because of the effect of solar radiation in the decline of permanence of Salmonella bacteria. Conversely, human infections prevailed during the warmest months and were negatively correlated with the presence of Salmonella spp. in the marine environment.

  10. Distributions and Sources of Bulk Organic Matter in Sediments of Five Estuaries in Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonel, J.; Hatje, V.

    2016-02-01

    Total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN) and their δ13C and δ15N values were determined in cores and surficial sediments to evaluate organic matter contents and sources. Samples were collected along the salinity gradient of five estuaries (Paraguaçu, Subaé, Jaguaribe, São Paulo and Mataripe) of the Todos os Santos Bay (BTS), the second largest bay in Brazil. TOC values ranged from 0.7 to 2.7% and TOC/TN ranged between 1.8 and 8.3. Overall, a slight seaward decrease in %TOC as well as C/N is observed. Values of TOC/TN lower than the Redfield ratios were found in most samples from São Paulo and Mataripe estuaries. This is possibly the result of the anthropogenic impacts caused by oil related activities developed in the region. However, natural causes, such as preferential sorption of inorganic N or bacterially derived organic matters in the sediment, should not be dismissed. Indeed, the influence of inorganic N was also indicated by the low correlation found between TOC and TN values in some estuaries and the positive intercept observed in others, the suggesting that they come from different sources. In general, δ13C values ranged from -26.9 to -20.3‰ and enrichment was observed seaward. Consequently, δ13C has a negatively correlation with the TOC /TN values, except for Subaé River. In all estuaries the δ13Cvalues suggest a mixed marine/terrestrial source of the organic matter with an increase of marine influence towards the river mouth.

  11. Climate Patterns Governing the Presence and Permanence of Salmonellae in Coastal Areas of Bahia de Todos Santos, Mexico▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simental, Lourdes; Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime

    2008-01-01

    Despite the importance of salmonellae as one of the major causes of food-borne infections worldwide, data regarding the presence of these organisms in the environment are limited. We investigated the presence of Salmonella spp. in Bahia de Todos Santos (Baja California, Mexico) and evaluated the environmental factors that affect the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in this arid region. A total of 1,331 samples collected from 21 sites along the coast during a period of 3 years were analyzed for Salmonella spp. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Salmonella spp. was evaluated in association with environmental parameters and with human infections in the area. The incidence of Salmonella bacteria throughout the study was 4.8%, with the highest incidence detected in wastewater (16.2%), followed by stream water (10.6%), mollusks (7.4%), and seawater (2.3%). Twenty different serotypes were identified among the 64 Salmonella isolates. The dominant serotype was Typhimurium (23.4%), followed by Vejle (6.2%). The presence of Salmonella spp. in coastal areas was mostly confined to rainy periods and areas of stream discharges, and runoff was identified as the predominant factor influencing the transport of Salmonella bacteria from source points to the sea via streams. Isolation of Salmonella spp. was negatively and significantly associated with temperature, probably because of the effect of solar radiation in the decline of permanence of Salmonella bacteria. Conversely, human infections prevailed during the warmest months and were negatively correlated with the presence of Salmonella spp. in the marine environment. PMID:18708509

  12. Toxin production, growth kinetics and molecular characterization of Ostreopsis cf. ovata isolated from Todos os Santos Bay, tropical southwestern Atlantic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Maria Cristina de Q; Nunes, José Marcos C; Menezes, Mariângela; Fraga, Santiago; Rodríguez, Francisco; Vázquez, José A; Blanco, Juan; Franco, José M; Riobó, Pilar

    2017-08-08

    The toxin profile and hemolytic activity of a strain of Ostreopsis cf. ovata (UFBA013) isolated from Todos os Santos Bay (northeastern Brazil) were evaluated under different levels of N and P. Phylogenetic analyses based on ITS rDNA region (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) placed UFBA013 within the Atlantic/Mediterranean/Pacific clade of O. cf. ovata. Growth experiments were conducted in f/2 medium modified by adding N and P (P: 0-36 μM; N: 0-882 μM). The growth kinetics was adequately described by logistic equations. The best growth (highest Gm) was recorded under levels of N/P = 0/18, 129/5 and 441/36, while one of the lowest Gm was obtained under P-depletion. The maximum and specific maximum growth rates (as vm; cells mL(-1) d(-1) and μm; d(-1)) were achieved with N limitation (N/P = 441/36) and P-limitation/depletion (753/5.3 and 441/0) and are the highest values reported in the literature, most similar to isolates from Pacific and Mediterranean areas. The control experiment (N/P = 441/18) also yielded similar values to those from some Mediterranean isolates, but higher than formerly reported for Brazilian isolates. In all conditions assayed, no palytoxin (PLTX) was detected. The ovatoxins (OVTXs) a, b, c, d and e did not show significant differences in cell quota between exponential and stationary phases. A significant relationship was detected between OVTXs concentration and hemolytic activity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Evaluation of Ra, Th, K and radium equivalent activity in sand samples from Camburi Beach, Vitoria, Espirito Santos, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: lfbarros@ipen.br, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Camburi beach, in the city of Vitoria, Espirito Santo State. Brazil, is a naturally high background region in Brazil. The beach sands contain monazite, ilmenite and other accessory minerals rich in {sup 226}Ra, {sup 23}'2Th and {sup 40}K. As these radionuclides are the main natural contributors to external exposure from gamma rays, the knowledge of the sands radioactivity content plays an important role in radiation protection. In this work, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K activities concentrations, together with the radium equivalent activity, Ra{sub eq.} were determined in some selected sand samples from a single location at Camburi beach, known for the high level of radioactivity. The sand samples collected monthly from January to December 2011, were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL HPDE polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma-spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the {sup 238}U and {sup 23}'2Th series. Preliminary results, without considering samples self-attenuation, show activities concentrations in the range from 12 {+-} 1 Bq kg{sup -1} to 1022 {+-} 30 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra, 35 {+-} 1 Bq kg{sup -1} to 5731 {+-} 134 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 232}Th and 18 {+-} 4 Bqkg{sup -1} to 430 {+-} 21 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 40}K. The Ra{sub eq}, presented values ranging from 63 Bq kg{sup -1} to 9250 Bq kg{sup -1}. (author)

  14. Circulating strains of Brucella abortus in cattle in the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas - Ecuador.

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    Richar Ivan Rodríguez Hidalgo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In Ecuador, the Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas represents the largest informal market of livestock due to its strategic position in the country; thus, given the high mobility of cattle in this region, the aim of this study was to determine the strain variation of Brucella sp.. Part of the study was the isolation, biotyping and genotyping of Brucella species isolated from milk and supra-mammary lymph nodes of sero-positive bovines. Protocols used for isolation, biotyping and genotyping of Brucella species were selective Farrell medium, biochemical assays and IS711-PCR, AMOS-PCR and HOOF-Prints techniques, respectively. In total, 656 animals from sero-positive dairy herds and from the slaughterhouse of the province were diagnosed by Rose Bengal and Wright’s Slow Agglutination test with EDTA. From these animals, 50 animals were found sero-positive for brucellosis. Twenty-five lymph nodes and 25 milk samples from each group of positive reactors were cultured and growth. Isolation was possible in 4 (16% and 9 (36%, respectively; and of these, 10 isolates were diagnosed as Brucella sp. All 4 isolates of lymphatic tissue corresponded to Brucella abortus biotype 1, confirmed as field strains by molecular analysis. Milk isolations, biochemically showed a more dispersed pattern in which B. abortus biotypes 1 and 4 were found; yet four samples gave a pattern similar to B. abortus biotype 2; however, only biotypes 1 and 4 were confirmed by molecular analysis. The concordance between biochemical and molecular diagnostic tests reached 76.9%.

  15. Self-Medication Practice Among Allied and Non-Allied Health Students of the University of Santo Tomas

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    JAY P. JAZUL

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available – Self-medication is presumed to be widely practiced around the world. This can be defined as the use of drugs to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms, or the intermittent or continued use of a prescribed drug for chronic or recurrent disease or symptoms. High level of education and professional status has also been mentioned as predictive factors for self-medication. Students from the allied and nonallied health institutions of the University of Santo Tomas were assessed for the factors of self-medication practices.A total of 66 graduating students were asked to accomplish the questionnaire. To ensure valid responses, the researchers supervised the respondents on accomplishing the questionnaires. Mean and range summarized the age while counts and percentages summarized the gender, school, practice of selfmedication, therapeutic classes, health conditions, reasons and sources of self-medication. A total of 55 reported that they practice self-medication. On the total 66 respondents practicing self-medication is antibiotics, anti-allergic and antihistamine, and decongestants. The 55 respondents documented headache to be the most self-treated health condition followed by cough and cold, toothache, muscle pain pimples, back/chest pain, dizziness, and diarrhea/constipation. Significantly greater percentage of females (p=0.038 use antibiotics. Respondents with high self-care orientation are self-medicating on antibiotics (p=0.027, anti-allergic (p<0.001, and herbal medicine (p=0.001 than respondents with low self-care orientation.

  16. Hepatitis virus and hepatocellular carcinoma in Brazil: a report from the State of Espírito Santo

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    Patrícia Lofêgo Gonçalves

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Few studies have examined hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC in Brazil, and the incidence and risk factors for this type of malignancy vary greatly geographically. In this paper, we report several risk factors associated with HCC diagnosed at the University Hospital in Vitória, ES, Brazil. Methods We reviewed 274 cases of HCC (January 1993 to December 2011 in which hepatitis B (HBV and C (HCV virus infection and chronic alcoholism were investigated. A diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma was confirmed by histology or by the presence of a characteristic pattern on imaging. Results HCC with associated liver cirrhosis was noted in 85.4% of cases. The mean ages of men and women were 56.6 years and 57.5 years, respectively. The male-to-female ratio was 5.8:1. Associated risk factors included the following: HBV, 37.6% (alone, 23.4%; associated with chronic alcoholism, 14.2%; HCV, 22.6% (alone, 13.5%; associated with chronic alcoholism, 9.1%, chronic alcoholism, 17.1%, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, 2.6% and cryptogenic, 19.3%. The male-to-female ratio was higher in cases associated with HBV or chronic alcoholism compared with HCV-associated or cryptogenic cases. In 40 cases without associated cirrhosis, the male-to-female ratio and mean age were lower than those in cirrhosis-associated cases. Conclusions These results demonstrate that the main risk factor associated with HCC in the State of Espírito Santo is HBV. Chronic alcoholism is an important etiological factor, alone or in association with HBV or HCV infection.

  17. Hospitalization due to norovirus and genotypes of rotavirus in pediatric patients, state of Espírito Santo

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    Leandro Rua Ribeiro

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Viruses are the leading cause for hospitalization due to gastroenteritis worldwide. Group A rotaviruses (RV are the most prevalent and are assorted in glycoproteins (G and protease sensitive (P dual genotypes based on polymorphic genes that encode the external VP7 and VP4 capsid proteins, respectively. Noroviruses (NoV have increasingly answered by sporadic gastroenteritis. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of NoV and RV in 68 hospitalized children, between July 2004 and November 2006, at a pediatric hospital in Vitória city, state of Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil. Nucleic acid was extracted from fecal suspension following the guanidine-silica procedure. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were employed for NoV and RV detection, respectively. RV genotyping was accomplished using RT-PCR followed by heminested multiplex PCR with specific primers for the most prevalent types of G and P. Fecal samples were positive for NoV and RV in 39.7% (27/68 and 20.5% (14/68, respectively and together were responsible for 60% (41/68 of the cases. RV genotypes were: 50% G9P[8], 28.7% G2P[4], 7.1% G1P[8], G2P[8] and G?P[8]. Vomit was a prominent manifestation observed in 92% and 85% of the NoV and RV cases, respectively. The median hospitalization was 5 and 5.5 days for the patients infected with NoV and RV, respectively. The data showed that NoV prevailed over RV and it also corroborated the emergence of RV G9 genotype followed by G2P[4], reinforcing the need for RV genotype surveillance.

  18. Macroalgal composition and its association with local hydrodynamics in the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Renato Rocha Jorge

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP, located in southeastern Brazil, is the only marine park in São Paulo State. This conservation unit has been established as a protected area of high biological diversity. Despite its importance for the conservation of the marine biota, little is known about the park's seaweed flora. The objectives of this study were as follows: to furnish increased knowledge of the composition of the macroalgae in the Park area; to relate the area's macroalgal composition to the presence of an important water mass in the region, the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW; and to investigate the possible influence of the Port of Santos on the composition of the macroalgae of the LSMSP. This study registered 31 new records for the LSMSP, 11 for São Paulo State, four for Brazil, one for the western Atlantic and one for the South Atlantic Ocean, in addition to the possible occurrence of one new species of Osmundea (Rhodomelaceae and one new genus belonging to Ceramiaceae. The taxonomic composition of the macroalgae had a direct correlation with the arrival of the SACW in the summer-fall season. The SACW generated a strong thermocline and increased the supply of nutrients in the water column. Hydrodynamic and dispersion modeling analyses suggested that the Port of Santos influenced the composition of the LSMSP phycoflora.O Parque Estadual Marinho da Laje de Santos (PEMLS, localizado no sudeste do Brasil, é o único parque marinho do litoral paulista. Essa unidade de conservação foi classificada como de "alta diversidade biológica". Apesar da sua importância para a preservação da biota marinha, pouco é conhecido sobre a flora de macroalgas do Parque. Os obejtivos deste estudo foram: aumentar o conhecimento da composição de macroalgas na região do PEMLS; relacionar tal composição com a presença de uma importante massa d'água na região, a Água Central do Atlântico Sul (ACAS; e verificar uma possivel influ

  19. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) in an American tegumentary leishmaniasis transmission area in northern Espírito Santo State, Brazil Fauna de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae) em área de transmissão de leishmaniose tegumentar americana no norte do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Thieres Marassati das Virgens; Claudiney Biral dos Santos; Israel de Souza Pinto; Kleber Silveira da Silva; Fernanda Cristina Leal; Aloísio Falqueto

    2008-01-01

    American tegumentary leishmaniasis is endemic to the Espírito Santo State, Brazil, where it is widely distributed. The composition of the phlebotomine sand fly fauna in an American tegumentary leishmaniasis focus was determined by monthly sampling, using Shannon light traps in an Atlantic Forest reserve and adjacent habitat that had been modified by human activity. Seasonal fluctuations in numbers of the most abundant species were also monitored from June 2004 to May 2006. Of the 6,176 specim...

  20. QORPO-SANTO: A CANONIZAÇÃO DE UM CERTO CAMPOS LEÃO OU INADAPTAÇÃO X INÉPCIA

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    Friedrich Frosch

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio situa biográfica, local e literariamente a produção teatral de um obscuro teatrólogo gaúcho, ativo na segunda metade do século XIX. Também pretende explicar o fato de que 17 peças curtas dele, ao serem redescobertas100 anos depois de escritas, fizeram muito sucesso entre estudiosos e produtores de teatro. Uma revisão das opiniões da crítica recente, junto com exemplos de distorção linguística,de enredos e procedimentos “absurdos”, esclarece os motivos pelos quais Qorpo-Santo provavelmente continuará sendo um fascinante objeto de estudo.Abstract: The following text situates the theatrical production of an obscure writer of 19th century Rio Grande do Sul in his own biographical, local and literary context. It also tries to find out why the 17 short plays, publish a hundred years after they were written, fascinated literary scholars and theater producers in the 1960 and 1970. Furthermore, a review of the critics’ opinion until the present day, together with some striking examples of linguistic distortion and “absurd” action should make it clear that Qorpo-Santo is likely to remain an appealing object of study.Keywords: Qorpo-Santo; dramaturgy; Brazilian literature on 19th century. Friedrich Frosch é professor de Romanística da Universidade de Viena.

  1. Análise da qualidade sanitária da areia das praias de Santos, litoral do estado de São Paulo

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    Marina Camargo Lescreck

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Em Santos, litoral de São Paulo, a avaliação da qualidade microbiológica da água das praias é realizada pela prefeitura e pela Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo (CETESB. Entretanto, a mesma atenção não é direcionada à areia das praias. A areia representa um potencial vetor de contaminação e pode constituir reservatório de microrganismos patogênicos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica da areia das praias de Santos, São Paulo. Utilizou-se a técnica das membranas filtrantes para os grupos de coliformes fecais (Escherichia coli e enterococos. As amostras foram coletadas em sete pontos das praias de Santos. Os ensaios foram realizados mensalmente durante 8 meses e os resultados, expressos em unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC de bactérias por 100 g de areia, variaram de 40.000 a 2.700.000 para E. coli e de não detectado a 95.000 para enterococos, encontrando-se acima dos valores orientadores existentes em âmbito nacional (3.800 UFC.100g-1 - Rio de Janeiro e internacional (100.000 UFC.100g-1 - Portugal. O contato com areia contaminada pode causar diversas doenças, comprometendo a qualidade de vida da população. Torna-se importante a realização de estudos baseados em evidências epidemiológicas de exposição e análises de risco, para se estabelecer padrões de qualidade e políticas públicas para monitoramento e gerenciamento da qualidade sanitária da areia das praias do litoral de São Paulo.

  2. Informatização da rede de bibliotecas da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Santos – SP Informatización de la red de bibliotecas de la Secretaría Municipal de Educación de Santos - SP.

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    Cláudio Souza Nunes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata o processo de informatização da rede de Bibliotecas da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Santos – SP (SEDUC, bem como a implantação do Personal Home Library – PHL82, que é uma aplicação Web, especialmente desenvolvida para administração de coleções e serviços de bibliotecas e centros de informações. A rede é composta de uma biblioteca central e 40 bibliotecas escolares, do 1° ao 9° ano do ensino fundamental, educação especial, educação de jovens e adultos (EJA e ensino técnico profissionalizante. Considera que a implantação do sistema coloca as bibliotecas escolares da Secretaria Municipal de Santos nos moldes de importantes instituições de pesquisa do país, possibilitando a formação de uma rede de informação bibliográfica escolar da Prefeitura de Santos.

  3. El comercio como plataforma de la política exterior colombiana en la administración de Juan Manuel Santos

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    Luis Fernando Vargas-Alzate

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Colombia's foreign policy during the first year of the Santos administration from a liberal perspective. It explores the relation between the country's international commerce and its diplomatic actions by using statistical data and official and academic reports about the contemporary international relations. The authors argue that the commercial liberalism is a useful perspective for the analysis of Colombia's current foreign policy, especially by using the concept of the capitalist peace because the authors have found in commerce a basic platform for the country's international relations.

  4. Human Rights as a Battle Field for Human Diversity: An Analysis Based on the Critical Sociology of Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Antoni Jesús Aguiló Bonet

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The Universal Declaration of Human Rights establishes that all human beings are equal in dignity and rights. However, there are many and powerful reasons to question the supposed universality attributed to human rights. The principal objective of this article is to carry out a criticism of the Universalist conception of human rights under the light of the contributions of the sociology of Boaventura de Sousa Santos. This author proposes, based on intercultural dialogues about the different concepts of human dignity, a cosmopolitan and emancipatory reconstruction of human rights that is capable of avoiding its current Eurocentric slants and responding to the demands of our culturally pluralist and democratic societies.

  5. "Católico, de coração!" Um Wild Geese no Santo Ofício de Lisboa

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    Pablo Antônio Iglesias Magalhães

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo investiga o processo inquisitorial do católico irlandês Robert Walters que, após servir aos ingleses na ilha de São Cristóvão, no Caribe, apresentou-se ao Santo Ofício de Lisboa, em 1631. O jovem, que seguiria para lutar contra os neerlandeses no Brasil, reflete na sua trajetória as contradições inerentes aos sentimentos religiosos da sua época, submetidos aos objetivos das políticas nacionais e mercantis da Era Moderna.

  6. O santo e a porca, de Ariano Suassuna: o imaginário do sertão em nova cena

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    Gomes, Aline Aparecida de Souza

    2010-01-01

    Situada na área da Literatura e Crítica Literária, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo investigar as características peculiares à peça O santo e a porca (1957), de Ariano Suassuna, buscando dar relevância aos elementos que lhe conferem o cunho artístico-literário. O estudo parte, primeiramente, das fontes utilizadas e recriadas pelo autor na tentativa de valorizar os elementos da cultura popular nordestina. Para isso, no capítulo I Miscelâneas de Tradições : refletimos sobre a n...

  7. Mangrove swamps of the Subaé and Paraguaçú tributary rivers of Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes, J. F.; Queiroz, A. F. S.; Carvalho, I. G.; Ramos, M. A. S. B.; Santos, A. L. F.; Mosser, C.

    Different areas from the Todos os Santos Bay were monitored and the fate of heavy metals in these environments was determined. From 1982 to 1992, a significant worsening in the availability of heavy metals in the different sites of the Bay was observed. However, it must be emphasised that the comparison between the present results and those obtained from other works rests on a gap of at least three years. The determinations of heavy metal concentrations were based on the analysis of surface sediments of the different stations selected and the observed increase is probably due to the transport of the elements by tidal dynamics and upstream riverine transport of industrial effluents.

  8. Evidence of contamination by oil and oil products in the Santos-São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Juliana Souza Azevedo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Different components of the mixed function oxidase (MFO system and the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile (FACs were measured in Cathorops spixii in order to assess the impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs. Fish were sampled in an estuary (Santos/São Vicente with a history of contamination by PAHs, mainly due to the presence of the industrial complex of Cubatão city and of another of low anthropogenic influence (Cananéia on the Brazilian coast. FACs were higher in fish from the polluted site, and the PAH 5 and 6-ring metabolites were the most frequent - with 14% and 15%, respectively. Levels of the different components of the MFO system showed the same variation profile as the FACs for both estuaries. Therefore, the values found for somatic indexes and biomarkers with data of bile PAH metabolites indicate the presence of organic contaminants, especially in the area subject to the influence of the industrial complex on the Santos/São Vicente estuary.Diferentes componentes do sistema oxidase de função mista (MFO e os níveis de compostos aromáticos fluorescentes em bile (FACS foram determinados em Cathorops spixii a fim de avaliar o impacto de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (PAHs. Os peixes foram coletados em um estuário com histórico de contaminação por PAHs (Santos/São Vicente, devido principalmente a presença do complexo industrial na cidade de Cubatão e em outro com baixa influência antropogênica (Cananéia na costa brasileira. FACs foram maiores nos peixes oriundos da área contaminada, sendo os metabolitos de HPAs com 5 e 6 anéis, os mais representativos com 14% e 15%, respectivamente. Os níveis dos diferentes componentes do sistema MFO mostraram o mesmo perfil de variação que os FACs em ambos os estuários. Portanto, os valores encontrados para os índices somáticos e os biomarcadores considerados, em associação com os dados de metabólitos biliares de PAHs, indicam a presença de

  9. Evaluación participativa: filosofía de intervención colaborativa en la Iniciativa Urban Murcia. Espíritu Santo

    OpenAIRE

    Verde Mártín, Carmen María; Martínez Gómez, Rosa

    2013-01-01

    El Ayuntamiento de Murcia está desarrollando, en el marco de la política de Cohesión de la UE, el proyecto de Iniciativa Urbana. "URBAN Espíritu Santo", destinado a la regeneración socioeconómica de una barriada desfavorecida de la periferia de la ciudad. En la zona residen unas 4000 personas -un 25% de etnia gitana-, y ha sufrido una degradación progresiva como consecuencia del bajo nivel educativo, actividad económica marginal y otras. El proyecto, adoptando la cultura como elemento innovad...

  10. A alma e o livre-arbítrio em Santo Agostinho: uma trajetória da pedagogia do Circuitum nostrum

    OpenAIRE

    Wilton Lima dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    O Trabalho de dissertação se baseia principalmente nos livros Sobre a Potencialidade da Alma: De quantitate animae e De libero arbítrio, escritos por Santo Agostinho. Discorremos sobre o processo de conceituação do ente alma e da solução do problema do livre arbítrio através do sistema pedagógico agostiniano circuitum nostrum. Veremos que esse ente imaterial que nos faz racionais e, portanto, humanos, é o que mais se aproxima de Deus, de todos os entes da criação. Um ente Im...

  11. Un capítulo inédito: el traslado del Hospital del Espíritu Santo de Lima a Bellavista (1750

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    Rabí, Miguel

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of a study on medical assistance and sanitary politics in Peru from XVIth to XlXth centuries, the author made a documentary research about the changes occurred on the Hospital of the Sacred Spirit, especially that concerning to their transfer, in 1750, from Lima to Bellavista.

    En el contexto de un estudio sobre política asistencial y sanitaria en el Perú, durante los siglos XVI a XIX, el autor ha investigado documentalmente los avatares del Hospital del Espíritu Santo, especialmente los concernientes a su proyectado traslado, en 1750, desde Lima a Bellavista.

  12. De dioses perseguidos a santos sospechosos. Procesos de reformulaci??n simb??lica en la religiosidad popular ind??gena mexicana

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    En las comunidades rurales de ascendencia ind??gena en M??xico, los santos suelen ser considerados como entidades vivas, presentes f??sicamente en los pueblos a trav??s de sus cuerpos de madera o resina. Como entes personales, tienen amistades, enemistades, gustos y parentescos, todos operantes con una voluntad propia. Para comprender la l??gica cultural interna de estos pueblos, que integran la actividad humana, la divina y la de los entes naturales en su ser y quehacer cotidianos, es necesa...

  13. Parto prematuro de adolescentes: influência de fatores sociodemográficos e reprodutivos, Espírito Santo, 2007 Parto prematuro en adolescentes: la influencia de variables sociodemográficas y reproductivas, espírito santo, 2007 Premature childbirth in adolescents: influences of sociodemographic and reproductive factors, espírito santo, 2007

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    Priscilla Rocha Araújo Nader

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A gravidez na adolescência é um problema de saúde pública, podendo trazer consequências negativas para a adolescente, sua família e para o concepto/recém-nascido. Objetivos: Identificar diferenças entre as características sociodemográficas e reprodutivas das mães adolescentes com parto a termo e com parto pré-termo, no Espírito Santo em 2007. Metodologia: Estudo retrospectivo quantitativo. Os dados foram coletados no Sistema de Informação de Nascidos Vivos, sendo realizada análise descritiva de 9.841 Declarações de Nascidos Vivos. A relação entre a variável dependente (termo e fatores foi testada pelo teste exato de Fisher, com á=0,05. Os resultados evidenciaram que as diferenças nas características das mães adolescentes com parto a termo e pré-termo ocorreram nas seguintes variáveis: idade entre 10 a 14 anos (p=0,016, estado civil casada (p=0,014, número de consultas pré-natais quando insuficientes (p=0,000 e gestação dupla (p=0,000. Houve maior incidência de partos prematuros no Sistema Único de Saúde (p=0,000.El embarazo en la adolescência es un problema de salud pública, que puede traer consecuencias negativas para la adolescente, su familia y para el concepto/recién-nacido. Objetivos: Identificar las diferencias entre las características sociodemográficas y reproductivas de las madres adolescentes con parto a término y con parto pre-término, en Espírito Santo en 2007. Metodología: Estudio retrospectivo cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados en el Sistema de Información de Nascidos Vivos, siendo realizado un análisis descriptivo de 9.841 declaraciones de nacidos vivos. La relación entre la variable dependiente (término y factores fue probada mediante la prueba de probabilidad exacta de Fisher, con á=0,05. Los resultados evidenciaron que las diferencias en las características de las madres adolescentes con parto a término y parto pre-término se dieron bajo las siguientes variables: edad

  14. HIV infection and related risk behaviors in a community of recyclable waste collectors of Santos, Brazil Infección por HIV y comportamiento de riesgo relacionados con colectores de basura de Santos, Brasil Infecção por HIV e comportamentos de risco relacionados em coletores de lixo de Santos, Brasil

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    Mauro Abrahão Rozman

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis and to describe risk behaviors associated to their transmission among recyclable waste collectors. METHODS: A seroepidemiological survey was carried out in the city of Santos, Southeastern Brazil, in 2005. A total of 315 individuals were enrolled in the survey, of which 253 subjects underwent serological testing HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis. Statistical analysis consisted of univariate and bivariate analyses (cross-tabulation and odds ratio and multivariate analysis (by logistic regression, relating HIV infection with established risk behaviors and seropositivity. RESULTS: Overall seroprevalences were: HIV, 8.9%; hepatitis B, 34.4%; hepatitis C, 12.4%; and syphilis, 18.4%. Subjects were characterized by a predominance of males with low educational and economic levels, subjected to parenteral and sexual exposures to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Multivariate analysis results indicated that risk factors for both sexually and parenterally related exposure were significantly associated with HIV in this community. CONCLUSIONS: Seroprevalences found in the study were approximately 10 to 12 times higher than the national average. These communities are socially marginalized and generally not recognized by national programs as potentially endangered populations.OBJETIVO: Estimar la seroprevalencia de HIV, Hepatitis B y C y sífilis y describir los comportamientos de riesgo asociados a la transmisión entre colectores autónomos de basura. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una investigación seroepidemiológica en la ciudad de Santos (Sudeste de Brasil, en 2005. Se realizaron análisis serológicas para HIV, Hepatitis B y C y sífilis a 253 individuos, de un total de 315 incluidos en el estudio. Los análisis estadísticos consistieron de pruebas uni y bivariadas (tabulación cruzada y odds ratio y análisis multivariada (por regresión logística, relacionando la

  15. Construcción del espacio y religión en la experiencia de la movilidad. Los Santos Patronos como vínculos espaciales en la migración México/Estados Unidos

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Odgers Ortiz

    2008-01-01

    En la literatura reciente que analiza la migración México-Estados Unidos se señala reiteradamente la centralidad que adquieren las prácticas religiosas asociadas a la veneración de Santos Patronos "locales" en las comunidades que han logrado construir vínculos transnacionales. Desde la perspectiva del análisis de la relación con el espacio, en este trabajo proponemos que la nueva centralidad de los Santos Patronos se debe a que permiten construir vínculos entre diversos espacio...

  16. Adolescentes em situação de rua: prostituição, drogas e HIV/AIDS em Santo André, Brasil Street youth: prostitution, drugs and HIV/AIDS in Santo André-Brazil

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    Eliane Lima Guerra Nunes

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi investigar as condições de vida de adolescentes do sexo feminino em situação de rua, envolvidas com o abuso de drogas e com a prostituição, visando orientar estratégias de prevenção às Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis - DST/AIDS. Foram entrevistadas sete adolescentes entre 14 e 19 anos, por meio de roteiro semi-estruturado com questões sobre escolaridade; desligamento da família; violência; histórico de uso de drogas, sexualidade e existência de DST/AIDS; vida na rua e futuro. Observou-se que os principais motivos que levaram essas adolescentes à rua foram violência doméstica; baixo nível sócio-econômico familiar e abuso de múltiplas drogas. As entrevistadas afirmaram conhecer medidas preventivas para as DST/AIDS, porém não as aplicaram aos clientes fixos e namorados. A análise dos resultados obtidos nesta pesquisa confirma a importância da criação de estratégias específicas para as DST/AIDS, além da adequação da rede educacional e de atenção psicossocial às necessidades das adolescentes para a garantia de seus direitos e conquista da emancipação.The aim of this study was to investigate living conditions of female street adolescents, who are involved with illicit and licit drugs, and with prostitution, in the city of Santo André, as well as to tailor strategies for STD/AIDS prevention. We have interviewed seven adolescents, aged from 14 to 19 years old, using a semi-structured questionnaire with questions about education, family disaffection, violence, living on the streets, history of drug use, sexuality, level of information about STD/AIDS, and hopes for the future. We observed that among the reasons for these adolescents to live on the streets were domestic violence, low socioeconomic level, and drug abuse. They stated that they are aware of STD/AIDS preventive measures, but they do not bring them into effect with steady partners and boyfriends. The analysis of our results

  17. Preços de commodities e nível de atividade em uma pequena economia aberta: evidências empíricas para o estado do Espírito Santo Commodity prices and activity level in a small open economy: empirical evidence for the State of Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Albergaria de Magalhães

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho propõe-se a mensurar, empiricamente, os efeitos de variações nos preços de commodities sobre o nível de atividade do estado do Espírito Santo ao longo do tempo, assim como a comparar os impactos desses preços sobre a economia estadual vis-à-vis à economia nacional e demais estados brasileiros. Os resultados obtidos permitem identificar cinco padrões empíricos distintos: (i por conta de seu alto grau de abertura, o estado do Espírito Santo sente mais intensamente os impactos de choques nos preços de commodities do que o Brasil e outros estados; (ii resultados de testes de Granger-causalidade demonstram que preços de commodities exercem um padrão de precedência temporal sobre os níveis de atividade estadual e nacional; (iii padrão semelhante de precedência temporal também ocorre no caso de amplo conjunto de variáveis econômicas relacionadas ao estado do Espírito Santo; (iv um choque positivo nos preços de commodities faz com que o nível de atividade estadual aumente inicialmente, sofrendo uma contração em seguida, para então apresentar um aumento permanente em relação a seu nível original no longo prazo; (v resultados de um exercício de decomposição da variância demonstram que, em média, os impactos quantitativos de choques nos preços de commodities são maiores no caso estadual do que no caso nacional. Esses resultados são robustos a diversas questões de especificação, como o uso de diferentes transformações estacionárias dos dados e de distintos números de defasagens empregados em testes de Granger-causalidade. São importantes no sentido de gerarem melhor compreensão dos efeitos de oscilações nos preços de commodities sobre uma pequena economia aberta, conforme parece ser o caso do Espírito Santo.This paper aims to measure the effects of commodity price variations on output fluctuations over time in the State of Espírito Santo. The impacts of these prices on the State

  18. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from two estuarine systems: Santos/Sao Vicente and Cananeia, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais e outros elementos de interesse em amostras de sedimentos dos estuarios de Santos/Sao Vicente e Cananeia, estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo Paulo de

    2012-07-01

    This study evaluated some toxic metals such as Cd, Hg and Pb and some other major and trace elements in surface sediment samples, from two different systems under different degrees of anthropogenic actions: the estuarine system of Santos/Sao Vicente and the southern part of the Cananeia estuary, both on the Sao Paulo state coast. Sediment samples were collected in 16 stations in the Santos/Sao Vicente estuary and 13 stations in the Cananeia estuary, during summer and winter of 2005 and 2006, in both estuaries. Three analytical techniques were used: NAA, AAS and ICP OES. NAA was used for the quantification of major element concentration levels (Ca, Fe and Na), trace elements (As, Ba, Br, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, and Zn and rare earths elements La, Ce, Eu, Nd, Sm, Lu, Tb, Yb). ICP OES was used for determination of the concentration levels of Al, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Co, Pb, Cu, Cr, Sn, Sr, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Tl, Ti, V and Zn. AAS for Cd and Pb quantification through graphite furnace (GF AAS) and Hg through cold vapor generation (CV AAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference material analyses for the three analytical techniques used. Detection and quantification limits were calculated for each element evaluated. Seasonal variations (summer and winter), spatial and temporal (2005 e 2006) variations of metals and trace elements were also evaluated. In the Santos estuary, in general, metal and trace element concentrations , organic matter content and % of pelitic fraction found in the Santos channel (area 1) were higher than those of the Santos Bay (area 2) and Sao Vicente channel (area 3). Area 1 suffers high impact from industrial activities from the Cubatao region and Santos port. The sediments from station 14 (area 3, Sao Vicente channel), showed the same behavior of those from area 1, suffering influence from the industrial pole and located in a mangrove area. In comparison with TEL and PEL

  19. Situação epidemiológica da brucelose bovina no Estado do Espírito Santo Epidemiological situation of bovine brucellosis in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    S.S. Azevedo

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se um estudo para caracterizar a situação epidemiológica da brucelose bovina no Estado do Espírito Santo. O Estado foi dividido em dois circuitos produtores. Em cada circuito foram amostradas aleatoriamente cerca de 300 propriedades e, dentro dessas, foi escolhido de forma aleatória um número pré-estabelecido de animais, dos quais foi obtida uma amostra de sangue. No total, foram amostrados 5.351 animais, provenientes de 622 propriedades. Em cada propriedade amostrada foi aplicado um questionário epidemiológico para verificar o tipo de exploração e as práticas de criação e sanitárias que poderiam estar associadas ao risco de infecção pela doença. O protocolo de testes utilizado foi o da triagem com o teste do antígeno acidificado tamponado e o reteste dos positivos com o teste do 2-mercaptoetanol. O rebanho foi considerado positivo quando pelo menos um animal foi reagente às duas provas sorológicas. Para o Estado, as prevalências de focos e de animais infectados foram, respectivamente, de 9,0% [7,0-11,6%] e 3,5% [1,9-6,4%]. Para os circuitos, as prevalências de focos e de animais infectados foram, respectivamente, de: circuito 1, 6,8% [4,5-10,2%] e 3,4% [1,3-8,6%]; circuito 2, 10,9% [7,9%-14,8%] e 3,7% [2,1-6,3%]. Os fatores de risco (odds ratio, OR associados à condição de foco foram: utilização de inseminação artificial (OR = 7,05 [2,51-19,82] e confinamento/semiconfinamento dos animais (OR = 2,98 [1,22-7,26]. A vacinação de fêmeas entre três e oito meses de idade foi um fator protetor (OR = 0,03 [0,01-0,1].A study to characterize the epidemiological status of brucellosis was carried out in the State of Espírito Santo. The State was divided in two regions. Three hundred herds were randomly sampled in each region and a pre-established number of animals were sampled in each of these herds. A total of 5,351 serum samples from 622 herds were collected. In each herd, it was applied an epidemiological

  20. Festa de santo na cidade: notas sobre uma pesquisa etnográfica na periferia de Belém, Pará, Brasil

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    Antonio Maurício Dias da Costa

    Full Text Available O artigo faz alguns paralelos entre estudos que tratam da dimensão lúdica da religiosidade popular na Amazônia e os resultados de uma pesquisa etnográfica sobre uma festa de santo padroeiro em uma feira de bairro na Belém contemporânea. São observados elementos externos ao ritual religioso, como divulgação propagandística, trocas econômicas e usos políticos, que atuam como transformadores do sentido da devoção religiosa. Demonstra-se, com isso, a dinamicidade da reprodução da religiosidade popular, considerando a diversidade de manifestações festivas em diferentes realidades socioespaciais amazônicas. Devoção religiosa e 'razão prática' estão imbricadas no processo de modificação do evento pesquisado. Isto se revela pela complexidade das trocas sociais exercidas em uma festa de santo padroeiro na escala de uma grande cidade.

  1. Bats from Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm, Jaú, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Ayesha Ribeiro Pedrozo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study recorded the bat species that occur on Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm, in Jaú, SP, Brazil, studied the food items the bats consumed and analyzed bats for the rabies virus. Sampling was performed using mist nets, on twenty-one nights in five areas on the farm, between November 2009 and July 2011. After a capture effort of 18,217.5 m2.h, 580 bats and 16 species were netted. Sturnira lilium (n = 184 captures, Artibeus lituratus (n = 134 and Carollia perspicillata (n = 126 were the most abundant species. In addition, two individuals of Lasiurus ega were observed in their shelter, resulting in 17 sampled species. The most consumed food items were fruits of Solanaceae and Piperaceae and fruits of Muntingia calabura were less consumed. None of the 132 bats analyzed for rabies was positive. Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm is an important area because it contains Reserva Ecológica Amadeu Botelho (a conservation unit, a unique remnant of semideciduous seasonal forest in the Jaú region that serves as refuge for wild animals, including bats.

  2. Juego de intereses en la demolición del Convento y de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Bogotá, 1939-1947

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    Liliana Rueda Cáceres

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La demolición del antiguo convento Santo Domingo, en abril de 1939, generó la fragmentación de la manzana urbana que había ocupado por más de trescientos años. ¿Qué consecuencias adicionales conllevó este fraccionamiento? El artículo se centra en el análisis de los movimientos de finca raíz que se dieron en la “nueva” manzana que apareció con la demolición de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo, siete años después de haber sido derribado el convento; este hecho urbano evidenció la existencia de unos juegos de intereses. El marco teórico y metodológico para analizar este caso se basa en la historia urbana, la que observa a la ciudad como un producto social y en la que el plano se constituye en una herramienta de reflexión. Se concluye que el antiguo convento, más que un inconveniente para la “modernización” de la ciudad, era realmente un obstáculo para la densificación y rentabilidad de ese sector, que se había desarrollado anárquicamente y sin el debido control y regulación de las entidades a cargo.

  3. Trophic Groups Of Demersal Fish Of Santos Bay And Adjacent Continental Shelf, São Paulo State, Brazil: Temporal And Spatial Comparisons

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    Elizabeti Y. Muto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The temporal and spatial variations of feeding habits and trophic groups of demersal fish species of Santos Bay and the adjacent continental shelf were investigated. The samples were taken in September 2005 and March 2006 by bottom otter trawling. The stomach content analysis of 2,328 specimens of 49 species showed most fish fed on a large range of food items but relied heavily on shrimp, crabs/swimming-crabs, amphipods, mysids, polychaetes, ophiuroids, squids, and teleosteans. The species were classified into ten trophic groups. Shrimp were an important food source in the Santos bay and inner shelf, while ophiuroids were important prey for predators of the middle shelf. Many species relied on crabs/swimming-crabs during the summer, especially on the middle shelf. The spatial and temporal variability in food resource utilization by fish were related to the pattern of distribution and abundance of their prey. The predation on shrimp and crabs/swimming-crabs seems to be related to the water mass dynamics of the region. Intraspecific comparisons demonstrated that most of the species display spatial and/or temporal variation in their diet. The demersal ichtyofauna can also be divided into the more general categories of piscivores, nektonic invertebrate feeders, benthic invertebrate feeders and planktonic invertebrate feeders.

  4. Characterization of organic matter in sediment cores of the Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil, by elemental analysis and 13C NMR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, A B; Novotny, E H; Bloise, A C; de Azevedo, E R; Bonagamba, T J; Zucchi, M R; Santos, V L C S; Azevedo, A E G

    2011-08-01

    The impact of human activity on the sediments of Todos os Santos Bay in Brazil was evaluated by elemental analysis and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (13C NMR). This article reports a study of six sediment cores collected at different depths and regions of Todos os Santos Bay. The elemental profiles of cores collected on the eastern side of Frades Island suggest an abrupt change in the sedimentation regime. Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) analysis corroborates this result. The range of depths of the cores corresponds to about 50 years ago, coinciding with the implantation of major onshore industrial projects in the region. Principal Component Analysis of the 13C NMR spectra clearly differentiates sediment samples closer to the Subaé estuary, which have high contents of terrestrial organic matter, from those closer to a local oil refinery. The results presented in this article illustrate several important aspects of environmental impact of human activity on this bay. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Spatial distribution and concentration assessment of total petroleum hydrocarbons in the intertidal zone surface sediment of Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Carine S; Moreira, Icaro T A; de Oliveira, Olivia M C; Queiroz, Antonio F S; Garcia, Karina S; Falcão, Brunno A; Escobar, Narayana F C; Rios, Mariana Cruz

    2014-02-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the concentrations and spatial distribution of the total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) in the intertidal zone surface sediment of Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil, to assess the distribution and degree of contamination by TPHs, measure the level of TPH degradation in the surface sediment, and identify the organic matter sources. The surface sediment used in this study was collected in 50 stations, and TPHs, isoprenoid alkanes (pristane and phytane), and unresolved complex mixture (UCM) were analyzed by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector. The total concentrations ranged from 0.22 to 40,101 μg g(-1) dry weight and showed a strong correlation with the total organic carbon (TOC) content. The highest TPH concentrations were observed in samples from the mangrove sediments of a river located near a petroleum refinery. Compared with other studies in the world, the TPH concentrations in the intertidal surface sediment of Todos os Santos Bay were below average in certain stations and above average in others. An analysis of the magnitude of UCM (0.11 to 17,323 μg g(-1) dry weight) and the ratios nC17/Pr and nC18/Ph suggest that an advanced state of oil weathering, which indicates previous contamination. The molar C/N ratios varied between 5 and 43, which indicate organic matter with a mixed origin comprising marine and continental contributions.

  6. A Lagrangian Physical-Biological Model to Study Water Parcels Associated with Algal Blooms from Southern California Bight to Todos Santos Bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivas Téllez, I. E.; Rivas, D.

    2015-12-01

    Lagrangian ocean circulation and biological dynamics are numerically studied in Todos Santos Bay during the spring of 2007. This period is particularly interesting after an intense toxic algal bloom occurred in April 2007 in this area, which was associated with the wind-driven upwelling in the region. High resolution, numerical model simulations were carried out to study dynamical features along of the Southern California Bight (SCB), the coast of the northern Baja California (BC), and the interior of Todos Santos Bay (TSB). These simulations are used in a three-dimensional Lagrangian (particle tracking) analysis which provides information about the origin and distribution of the waters present in the Bay during the occurrence of the toxic bloom. After the selection of trajectories of particles showing coherent patterns, a Nitrate-Phytoplankton-Zooplankton-Detritus (NPZD) lower trophic model is implemented to study the influence of the environmental conditions that occur during the particle advection, solving the NPZD equations at every time-varying position of the advected particles. The model is also modified for phytoplankton growth as a function of the environmental temperature to somehow emulate the life cycle of Pseudo-nitzschia. The analysis of the trajectories shows that particles mainly come from two regions: from the north, in the southern portion of SCB and from regions west of the TSB. Knowing the regional circulation patterns and their phytoplankton dynamics can help to understand and even predict the origin and destination of the harmful algal blooms that occur in TSB and its surroundings.

  7. "Receber não é compor": música e emoção na religião do Santo Daime

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    Lucas Kastrup Fonseca Rehen

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é investigar a música na religião do Santo Daime em especial entre adeptos e líderes de duas igrejas ligadas à "linha do Padrinho Sebastião Mota de Melo" na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Mais especificamente, analiso a interpretação nativa sobre a gênese dos hinos religiosos em sua relação com os pensamentos, sentimentos e subjetividade, refletida nas noções de sagrado e nas diferenciações hierárquicas dentro do grupo. O suporte teórico está ancorado nos campos da etnomusicologia e da antropologia das emoções.The aim of the present article is to investigate the music from Santo Daime- religion especially among members and leaders from both churches that belong to "Padrinho Sebastião Mota de Melo's spiritual line" in the city of Rio de Janeiro. More specifically, I analyze the native interpretation on genesis of the religious hymns in its relation with the thoughts, feelings and subjectivity, reflected in the notion of sacred and the hierarchic differentiations of the group. The theoretical support for the analysis is anchored in the fields of ethnomusicology and anthropology of emotions.

  8. Levantamento de Odonata (Insecta ao longo das margens do Rio Dois de Setembro, Município de Ecoporanga, noroeste do Estado do Espírito Santo

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    Ivani Vieira Damaceno

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado um levantamento das odonatas coletadas às margens do Rio Dois de Setembro, Município de Ecoporanga, noroeste do Estado do Espírito Santo. As coletas foram feitas de Junho de 2011 a Fevereiro de 2012, com auxílio de redes entomológicas aéreas, em cinco pontos ao longo das margens do rio, incluindo ambientes com distintos graus de antropização. Foram coletados 421 exemplares, representando 34 espécies. Dentre as espécies mais encontradiças estão Erythrodiplax basalis(Kirby, 1897; Erythrodiplax umbrata Linnaeus, 1758;Hetaerina auripennis (Burmeister, 1839; Perithemis lais(Perty, 1834. A ocorrência das seguintes espécies é registrada pela primeira vez para o Estado do Espírito Santo: Acanthagrion cuyabae Calvert, 1909; Enallagmanovaehispaniae Calvert, 1907; Lestes forficula Rambur, 1842.

  9. Hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis TP53 mutation analysis reflects a moderate dietary exposure to aflatoxins in Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

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    de Carvalho, Fernanda Magri; de Almeida Pereira, Thiago; Gonçalves, Patrícia Lofego; Jarske, Robson Dettmann; Pereira, Fausto Edmundo Lima; Louro, Iuri Drumond

    2013-08-01

    The close relationship between aflatoxins and 249ser TP53 gene mutation (AGG to AGT, Arg to Ser) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) makes this mutation an indirect indicator of dietary contamination with this toxin. We have examined the prevalence of codon 249 TP53 mutation in 41 HCC and 74 liver cirrhosis (without HCC) cases diagnosed at the HUCAM University Hospital in Vitoria, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. DNA was extracted from paraffin sections and from plasma. The mutation was detected by DNA amplification, followed by restriction endonuclease digestion and confirmed by direct sequencing. DNA restriction showed 249ser mutation in 16 HCC and 13 liver cirrhosis, but sequencing confirmed mutations in only 6 HCC and 1 liver cirrhosis. In addition, sequencing revealed 4 patients with mutations at codon 250 (250ser and 250leu) in HCC cases. The prevalence of TP53 mutation was 10/41 (24.3%) in HCC and 1/74 (1.4%) in liver cirrhosis. No relationship between the presence of mutations and the etiology of HCC was observed. TP53 exon 7 mutations, which are related to aflatoxins exposure, were found at 14.6% (249ser), 7.3% (250leu) and 2.4% (250ser) in 41 cases of HCC and 1.4% in 74 liver cirrhosis (without HCC) cases, suggesting a moderate dietary exposure to aflatoxins in the Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

  10. Assessment beach morphodynamic in the city of Cabo De Santo Agostinho, State Of Pernambuco, through suborbital and orbital images space of high resolution

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    Henrique Ravi Rocha de Carvalho Almeida

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In Pernambuco, the beach morphodynamic state throughout 187 km of extension, it is characterized for great dynamic of sediments, resulting in erosion processes in practically all coastal. Having as experimental area the littoral band of the City of Cabo de Santo Agostinho, located in State de Pernambuco, the present work, it searched to evaluate the trend morphodynamic beach in secular scale, using ortophotomap B and W of the years of 1975 and 1988 and multispectral images of the Quickbird satellite of the year of 2005. From the vectoring of the shoreline in commercial software, that the coastal dynamic they had not been disclosed with the same intensity throughout all the sectors in the observed periods (1975-1988 and 1988-2005, presenting, the sectors 4 and 6 erosive trends at the two moments, whereas in sectors 1 and 2 it took advantage advances of the shoreline. The sectors 3 and 5 had indicated alternations (advances/jibs of the shoreline. The results demonstrate the degree of vulnerability of the worked regions, being of great importance for the determination of the evolution trends in the coast of the City of Cabo of Santo Agostinho, supplying subsidies for environmental planning and management

  11. Fauna of Simuliidae (Diptera from the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil: distribution, new records and list of species

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    Karina Bertazo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Fauna of Simuliidae (Diptera from the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil: Distribution, new records and list of species. The fauna of Simuliidae in Brazil is composed of 87 species, 17 of which are recorded from the state of Espírito Santo. Entomological collections were carried out in 2010-2011 with the objective of increasing the knowledge of the species richness of this family in the state. Ninety three rivers and streams were sampled, each collection being carried out in a 50m transect. During the study period 30 species were collected, 13 of which represent new records for the state, 12 of the genus Simulium and one of the genus Lutzsimulium. Among these new state records one, Simulium lobatoi, also represents a new record from southeastern Brazil. The other newly recorded species are: Lutzsimulium hirticosta, Simulium distinctum, Simulium exiguum, Simulium oyapockense, Simulium botulibranchium, Simulium petropoliense, Simulium clavibranchium, Simulium rappae, Simulium minusculum, Simulium dinellii, Simulium ochraceum and Simulium scutistriatum.

  12. A new turtle from the Upper Cretaceous Bauru Group of Brazil, updated phylogeny and implications for age of the Santo Anastácio Formation

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    Menegazzo, Mirian Costa; Bertini, Reinaldo José; Manzini, Flávio Fernando

    2015-03-01

    A new Podocnemidinura specimen from the Upper Cretaceous Bauru Group (Paraná Basin) of southeastern Brazil was described. The Bauru Group provided an important portrait of the Brazilian Mesozoic terrestrial biota, which boasts a vertebrate fauna formed from fishes, frogs, lacertilians, crocodyliforms, dinosaurs and mammals; records of palynomorphs; and invertebrate fauna consisted of gastropods, bivalves, ostracods and conchostracans. Nevertheless, the age of these continental deposits is not precisely estimated, which prevents global correlations, and its fauna is argued to be endemic. The new specimen described is the first turtle from the Santo Anastácio Formation, and its morphological comparison with other South American forms provided a significant advancement in the understanding of the age of this unit (Late Cretaceous). This study permitted a revision of the turtle taxa of the Bauru Group. As a result, some taxa were considered synonym, including the new Santo Anastácio form. The specimen is still unnamed due to the absence of skull characters that preclude its accurate positioning within the Bauru Group skull-based taxa. In addition, the phylogenetic affinities of this taxon were analyzed into Podocnemidinura clade.

  13. Bio-Optical Properties of the Inner Continental Shelf off Santos Estuarine System, Southeastern Brazil, and their Implications for Ocean Color Algorithm Performance

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    Melissa Carvalho

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Optical characterizations of coastal water masses are important tools for a better understanding of physical and biochemical processes and aid the optimization of ocean color algorithms. In this study we present three optical classes of water observed during October/2005 and March/2006 on the inner continental shelf adjacent to Santos Bay (Brazil, based on remote sensing reflectance. ANOVA indicated a crescent estuarine influence in classes 1 to 3. Class 3 presented the highest chlorophyll-a and nutrient concentration and highest light absorption coefficients. Colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM dominated the light absorption in all classes and was strongly correlated to salinity in October/2005 due to the influence of the La Plata plume. The results indicated that CDOM dynamics in the Santos inner shelf are very complex. The performance of global chlorophyll algorithms was significantly smaller for October/2005 than for March/2006. As inconsistent changes in light absorption spectra by phytoplankton were detected between samplings, the results show that future bio-optical algorithms for this region must be optimized preferentially considering CDOM optical parameters.

  14. Sand fly vectors (Diptera, Psychodidae) of American visceral leishmaniasis areas in the Atlantic Forest, State of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil.

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    Pinto, Israel de Souza; Ferreira, Adelson Luiz; Valim, Valéria; Carvalho, Felipe dos Santos; da Silva, Giovana Marques; Falcão, Alda Lima; Dietze, Reynaldo; Falqueto, Aloísio

    2012-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the sand fly fauna of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) endemic areas within the Central Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Corridor, State of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. The sand fly captures were performed between January, 1989 and December, 2003 in localities where autochthonous cases of AVL were recorded, as well as in their boundary areas. Sand flies were collected from surrounding houses and domestic animal shelters using two to five CDC automatic light traps, and manual captures were also performed using mouth aspirators in one illuminated Shannon trap during the first four hours of the night. We used cladistic analysis to determine the geographic relationships among the collected sand fly species as well as the index species for the occurrence of other sand flies. A total of 62,469 sand flies belonging to 17 species and eight genera was collected in 164 localities from nine municipalities with AVL records. The richness (S=17) and diversity (H=0.971) of sand flies were lower than in conservation areas and similar to modified environments in the Atlantic Forest of Espírito Santo. Lutzomyia longipalpis was identified in 79 localities. The cladistic analysis identified Evandromyia lenti as the index species for Lutzomyia longipalpis. The latter seems to be the main vector of AVL in the Central Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Corridor due to its high abundance and distribution matching the disease occurrence. Therefore, Evandromyia lenti may be used as an index species for the occurrence of Lutzomyia longipalpis.

  15. Entre os Estados Unidos e a Alemanha: o conflito entre vertentes da Igrejas Luteranas no estado do Espírito Santo (1886-1929

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    Rodrigo Pereira

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a formação do luteranismo no Brasil no final do século XIX e século XX tendo o estado do Espírito Santo como exemplo. Explanamos sobre a cisão entre duas linhas teológicas do protestantismo alemão em meados do século XIX: os pastores unionistas e pastores confessionais luteranos. A divisão levou a formação de um Sínodo Luterano nos Estados Unidos, resultado da imigração de pastores e populações que não aceitavam tal tendência unionista. Ao mesmo tempo, houve formação de igrejas independentes na Alemanha que estavam mais próximas ou mais afastadas dos debates e das interrelações entre Calvino e Lutero. Em seguida, no contexto dos fluxos migratórios germânicos para o Brasil, abordaremos a fundação de sínodos luteranos dessas linhas e que entraram em conflitos sobre o comando das igrejas e membros. A partir da análise histórica de fontes primárias e secundárias analisaremos como se deu esse litigo no Espírito Santo.

  16. PCBs, PBDEs and organochlorine pesticides in crabs Hepatus pudibundus and Callinectes danae from Santos Bay, State of São Paulo, Brazil.

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    Magalhães, C A; Taniguchi, S; Cascaes, M J; Montone, R C

    2012-03-01

    The occurrence of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in crabs Hepatus pudibundus and Callinectesdanae was assessed from two different places inside of the Santos Bay and Moela Island near one of the most economically important metropolitan areas in Southern Brazil. Among POPs analyzed, ∑PCBs (222-923 ng g(-1)lipid weight) and ∑DDTs (154-410 ng g(-1)lw) exhibited the highest concentrations in the crabs. ∑HCHs ranged from 10.3 to 30.9 ng g(-1)lw and were found in all individuals. Other OCPs found in lower concentration was Mirex (7.6-41.6 ng g(-1)lw) and HCB (5.83-16.9 ng g(-1)lw). ∑PBDEs (24.1 ng g(-1)lw) were only found in one male individual from the species C. danae collected near to the submarine sewage of Santos. Male crabs showed higher POP concentrations than female crabs for those two species. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Thermotectonic history of the southeastern Brazilian margin: Evidence from apatite fission track data of the offshore Santos Basin and continental basement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelmann de Oliveira, Christie Helouise; Jelinek, Andréa Ritter; Chemale, Farid; Cupertino, José Antônio

    2016-08-01

    The Santos Basin is the largest offshore sedimentary basin in the southeastern Brazilian margin and originated by breakup of West Gondwana in the Early Cretaceous. We carried out a new thermochronological study by apatite fission track analysis from borehole samples of the Santos Basin and its continental basement to constrain the tectonic history of the southeastern Brazilian margin. Apatite fission track central ages of the basement and borehole samples vary from 21.0 ± 1.8 to 157.0 ± 35.0 Ma and from 6.5 ± 1.1 to 208.0 ± 11.0 Ma, respectively. From thermal modeling, the basement samples reached the maximum paleotemperatures during the final breakup of South America and Africa. The onshore basement and offshore basin record an early thermotectonic event during the Late Cretaceous linked to the uplift and denudation of the Serra do Mar and Serra da Mantiqueira. Maturation of the organic matter in the offshore basin is related with the progressive increase of the geothermal gradient due to burial. The thermal modeling indicates that the oil generation window started at 55-25 Ma. The basement samples experienced the final cooling during the Cenozoic, with an estimated amount of denudation linked to the sedimentary influx in the offshore basin. A rapid cooling during the Neogene becomes evident and it is linked to the reactivation along Precambrian shear zones and change of the Paraíba do Sul drainage system.

  18. TEXTO E CONTEXTO DA MÚSICA NO SANTO DAIME: ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE A NOÇÃO DE "EU"

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    Lucas Kastrup F. Rehen

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é refletir sobre a centralidade da música nos rituais do Santo Daime. Nesta vertente religiosa de origem amazônica, algumas cerimônias atravessam a noite, com adeptos entoando centenas de cânticos de louvor. Um determinado hinário (conjunto de hinos cantado nessas ocasiões pode ser interpretado como a biografia de seu dono, seja ele um líder ou um seguidor da religião. O foco do texto encontra-se na análise do "eu" narrador, muitas vezes presente nessas canções religiosas. A investigação prioriza a relação entre as letras cantadas, quase sempre narradas na primeira pessoa do singular, e o contexto ritual no qual são praticadas, envolvendo o uso coletivo da bebida Santo Daime, assim como a performance corporal-musical e a disposição espacial dos frequentadores do culto no salão da igreja daimista, onde existe nítida separação por gênero e faixa etária.

  19. Brief history of the reinterpretation of the Ayahuasca beverage in the Santo Daime religion doi:10.5007/1807-1384.2010v7n2p316

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    Isabela Lara Oliveira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Ayahuasca is a tea with psychoactive properties that has been used for more than a thousand years by the native population in the region of the Amazon forest. In the early twentieth century, the non-native population came in contact with it and new contexts of use -as well as new meanings for the beverage - were developed. Among these new contexts is the Santo Daime religion, which is a Brazilian Christian religion based on a strong oral tradition. This study analyzes the process of Ayahuasca's redifinition within this religion between the 1930s and 1960s. The hypothesis is that the redefinition process fits into a larger dialectical process of social construction of meanings which underlies Santo Daime's establishment. This investigation assessed the content of individual memories as well as current folk stories that have been passed on through generations via oral communication. The results indicated that Ayahuasca's redefinition process is a continuous event in the dialectical formation of the religion. In addition, it was noted that the beverage was initially perceived by followers as a drug and gradually gained the meaning of a Christian sacrament. Recently, another meaning for the drink is being formed: as a historical and cultural patrimony of the Brazilian nation.  

  20. Saúde sexual e reprodutiva em penitenciária feminina, Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Miranda Angélica Espinosa

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil sociodemográfico e as condições de saúde das mulheres encarceradas em penitenciária feminina. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo descritivo de março a setembro de 1997, em penitenciária feminina do Estado do Espírito Santo. Todas as presidiárias foram convidadas a participar da pesquisa. Participaram 121 mulheres com idade superior a 18 anos, avaliadas por meio de entrevista aplicada, explorando informações sociodemográficas, clínicas e criminais, registradas em questionário estruturado, seguida de exame clínico-ginecológico. RESULTADOS: Um total de 121 mulheres foram incluídas. A média de idade das participantes foi de 30,2 anos (DP 8,98 e de escolaridade, 4,8 anos (DP 3,50. Todas já haviam tido atividade sexual pregressa; a idade média do primeiro coito foi de 15,2 anos (DP 2,55, variando de nove a 27 anos; e 28% apresentavam história de doença sexualmente transmissível (DST. Doze (9,9% mulheres estavam grávidas no momento da entrevista. História de gravidez na adolescência foi freqüente. A maioria não adotava nenhum método contraceptivo e nem fazia uso de preservativos. Laqueadura tubária foi observada em 19,8% e citologia cervical anormal em 26,9%. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento sobre problemas de saúde existentes dentro do sistema carcerário pode contribuir para fortalecer e ampliar o papel de reabilitação que lhe é conferido. Entretanto, somente a cooperação entre os órgãos de saúde pública e o sistema penitenciário pode produzir resultados eficientes.

  1. Sedimentation processes and beach morphodynamics active at the Doce River mouth, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Jacqueline Albino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The coastal sedimentation model in the Doce River mouth and surroundings extends beyond the hydraulic jetty effect created by its stream-flow. During flooding, marine sediments transported by longshore currents are retained on the updrift side, causing strandline progradation. As the longshore current direction varies, local depositional and erosional effects can be produced and identified laterally within beach profiles from north and south of the Doce River mouth area. Sedimentological studies carried out in this river, beach and adjacent inner continental shelf sands showed that, at present, the influence of Doce River sediments is restricted to the area surrounding its mouth. Meanwhile, beach morphodynamic stages and present-day coastal-plain processes of sedimentation are directly affected by the Doce River discharge as a natural continuation of the Quaternary geological evolution of the area.A sedimentação costeira adjacente à desembocadura do Rio Doce, Espírito Santo, Brasil destaca o efeito de jato hidráulico desempenhado pela descarga fluvial. Por ocasião da enchente, os sedimentos marinhos transportados pela corrente longitudinal são represados a barlamar da desembocadura, causando progradação nas praias adjacentes e erosão nas praias situadas a sotamar da desembocadura fluvial. Com a inversão do rumo da deriva litorânea, os processos erosivos e construtivos se invertem. Estudos sedimentológicos realizados nos sedimentos do rio, das praias e da plataforma continental interna adjacente à desembocadura, indicam que a contribuição da carga do rio Doce é atualmente restrita às áreas imediatamente vizinhas. Contudo, a tipologia das praias e os processos de sedimentação da planície costeira são diretamente afetados pela descarga do rio Doce, sendo a continuação dos processos de sedimentação identificada na evolução geológica da área.

  2. Empoderamiento: el santo grial de las campañas de cáncer de mama

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    Porroche-Escudero, Ana

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This commentary examines the problematic ways in which breast cancer campaigns have conceptualised the concept of empowerment in Spain. It uses discourses and content analysis of seven campaigns to demonstrate how the concept has become the ‘holy grail’ precisely because it has been depoliticised. Two problems are examined. Firstly, it problematizes the lack of debate over whether current measures to promote the empowerment of women living with breast cancer actually achieve the desired ends (i.e., are they ‘empowering’?. Secondly, it questions the implicit assumption that the ends necessarily justify the means is questioned –understood as content and format of these campaigns. It is argued that the current framework of cancer education is based on the traditional epidemiological model which is more concerned with coercing women to adopt changes in their lifestyle and comply, rather than promoting critical awareness.En el presente artículo se reflexiona sobre la conceptualización del término “empoderamiento” en las campañas de concienciación sobre cáncer de mama en España. Se analiza el discurso y el contenido de siete campañas de sensibilización y materiales divulgativos para ilustrar cómo este concepto se ha convertido en el Santo Grial, al despolitizarlo. Se examinan dos problemas fundamentales. El primero es la falta de cuestionamiento crítico de los fines. Raramente se debate si lo que se propone como empoderamiento es realmente empoderador. El segundo es que se acepta la premisa de que el fin justifica los medios –entendidos como el contenido y formato de las campañas. Concluye argumentando que el modelo actual está basado en el modelo tradicional epidemiológico de patrones de comportamiento, que es paternalista y está más centrado en coaccionar a las mujeres a que adopten estilos de vida “saludables”, que en potenciar la capacidad crítica y la autonomía.

  3. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

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    Marcos Vinícius Ferreira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de álcool e tabaco entre universitários do curso de graduação em Psicologia do Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A população estudada foi de alunos matriculados no referido curso no segundo semestre do ano de 2010, constituindo uma amostra de 221 estudantes. O questionário utilizado foi o mesmo utilizado no I Levantamento Nacional entre Universitários, proposto pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos estudantes era solteira (90,1%, do sexo feminino (81%, estava na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (81%, era da raça/cor caucasoide/branca (57,5% e 55% referiram pertencer às classes econômicas B1 e B2. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de álcool (85,07% e tabaco (33,07% na frequência uso na vida, sendo o uso de álcool maior que na população geral. As substâncias associadas ao uso de álcool na vida foram a maconha (p-valor = 0,007, os tranquilizantes (p = 0,011 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,045. Já para o uso de tabaco na vida, as substâncias mais associadas foram a maconha (p = 0,0001, os inalantes (p = 0,0001, os alucinógenos (p = 0,0001 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: É necessária maior abordagem nos currículos de graduação, especialmente da Psicologia, sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoativas e seus impactos para o indivíduo, a família e a sociedade, bem como a criação de programas preventivos específicos para estudantes universitários.

  4. Cadmium and phosphate variability during algal blooms of the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico.

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    Gutierrez-Mejia, E; Lares, M L; Huerta-Diaz, M A; Delgadillo-Hinojosa, F

    2016-01-15

    Dinoflagellate algal blooms (DABs), with Lingulodinium polyedrum as the dominant species, have increased over the past few years in coastal areas off Baja California, Mexico. Vertical and temporal variability of particulate cadmium (Cdp), dissolved Cd (Cdd), PO4(3-) and Cdd/PO4(3-) were investigated during two intense DABs of L. polyedrum that occurred during the fall of 2011 and 2012 in Todos Santos Bay. Results were then, compared with data gathered in the absence of algal blooms during the autumn of 2013. In both algal blooms, L. polyedrum tended to be concentrated near the surface throughout the duration; however, during DAB 2011 the number of cells was twice as abundant ([10.0 ± 8.0] × 10(5) cells L(-1)) as in DAB 2012 ([5.0 ± 4.4] × 10(5) cells L(-1)). During DAB 2011, Cdp increased significantly (up to 1.02 ± 0.99 nmol kg(-1)) and was positively correlated with the cell abundance of L. polyedrum, suggesting that this dinoflagellate is able to assimilate and concentrate Cdd. Likewise, Cdd (up to 0.71 ± 0.17 nM) increased in the days of highest cell abundance, which could be attributed to uptake and subsequent regeneration of Cdd resulting from the remineralization of organic particulate matter produced during the bloom, as well as with the presence of organic ligands secreted by L. polyedrum that could keep Cdd in solution. During DAB 2011, dissolved Cdd/PO4(3-) ratios exhibited high vertical and temporal variability in the upper 5 m of the water column, but remained virtually constant near the bottom, suggesting a depth-dependent decoupling between these two dissolved components during the bloom development. Given the observed differences in the vertical and temporal variability of Cdd, Cdp, and PO4(3-) between these two intense DABs, we propose the existence of an abundance threshold of approximately 10(6) cells L(-1) of L. polyedrum above which Cd and PO4(3-) significantly increased due to remineralization in coastal waters during the bloom

  5. Applications of radon and radium isotopes to determine submarine groundwater discharge and flushing times in Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatje, Vanessa; Attisano, Karina Kammer; de Souza, Marcelo Friederichs Landim; Mazzilli, Barbara; de Oliveira, Joselene; de Araújo Mora, Tamires; Burnett, William C

    2017-08-16

    Todos os Santos Bay (BTS) is the 2nd largest bay in Brazil and an important resource for the people of the State of Bahia. We made measurements of radon and radium in selected areas of the bay to evaluate if these tracers could provide estimates of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) and flushing times of the Paraguaçu Estuary and BTS. We found that there were a few areas along the eastern and northeastern shorelines that displayed relatively high radon and low salinities, indicating possible sites of enhanced SGD. A time-series mooring over a tidal cycle at Marina do Bonfim showed a systematic enrichment of the short-lived radium isotopes (223)Ra and (224)Ra during the falling tide. Assuming that the elevated radium isotopes were related to SGD and using measured radium activities from a shallow well at the site, we estimated groundwater seepage at about 70 m(3)/day per unit width of shoreline. Extrapolating to an estimated total shoreline length provided a first approximation of total (fresh + saline) SGD into BTS of 300 m(3)/s, about 3 times the average river discharge into the bay. Just applying the shoreline lengths from areas identified with high radon and reduced salinity results in a lower SGD estimate of 20 m(3)/s. Flushing times of the Paraguaçu Estuary were estimated at about 3-4 days based on changing radium isotope ratios from low to high salinities. The flushing time for the entire BTS was also attempted using the same approach and resulted in a surprisingly low value of only 6-8 days. Although physical oceanographic models have proposed flushing times on the order of months, a simple tidal prism calculation provided results in the range of 4-7 days, consistent with the radium approach. Based on these initial results, we recommend a strategy for refining both SGD and flushing time estimates. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Structure, Kinematics and Origin of Radial Faults: 3D Seismic Observations from the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Alexander; Jackson, Christopher A.-L.

    2017-04-01

    Salt stock growth is typically accompanied by the development of geometrically and kinematically complex fault networks in the surrounding country rock. The most common networks comprise radial faults; these are characterised by low displacement (developed above a rising salt stock; in these cases, the faults are typically well-imaged seismically and likely form due to outer-arc extension during overburden stretching. Radial faults are also found at deeper structural levels, in strata flanking the diapir stem; in these cases, they are typically less well-imaged, thus their structure, kinematics and origin are less well understood. Furthermore, understanding the growth of radial faults may provide insights into hydrocarbon reservoir compartmentalisation and the evolution of neighbouring salt stocks. Here, we use high-quality 3D seismic reflection data from the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil to determine the structure and kinematics, and infer the likely origin of exceptionally well-imaged radial faults overlying and flanking a mature salt stock. Furthermore, we compare the geometric (e.g. throw, geometry, spacing, distribution etc.) and kinematic (e.g. timing of formation and duration of activity) characteristics of radial faults at both structural levels, allowing us to infer their temporal relationship and likely origins. We show that radial faults regardless of their structural level typically have aspect ratios of c. 1.8 - 2, are laterally-restricted in the vicinity of the salt, and have lengths of blind. Throws range from 5 - 80 ms, with throw-maxima within 1 - 2 radii of the salt diapir. However, we note that the position of the throw maxima is not at the same level for all radial faults. We propose that radial faults nucleate and initially grow as blind structures in arched roofs above actively rising diapirs, rather than outward pushing from the adjacent diapir. With time, these faults accrue displacement and interact with neighbouring radial faults as they

  7. Book review / reseña: CALVI, M. V., BORDONABA ZABALZA, C., MAPELLI , G. y SANTOS LÓPEZ, J., Las lenguas de especialidad en español.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Rodríguez Arce

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña del Libro: CALVI, M. V., BORDONABA ZABALZA, C., MAPELLI , G. y SANTOS LÓPEZ, J., Las lenguas de especialidad en español, Roma, Carocci editore, 2009. 224 pp. ISBN: 978-88-430-4970-7.

  8. Entre a recuperação patrimonial e a questão da moradia: projetos de renovação urbana para o centro de Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina Maziviero

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available O objeto de estudo deste artigo é a cidade de Santos, mais especificamente a gestão pública municipal, no que se refere aos projetos para a região central da cidade e às suas implicações sociais. Devido à vertiginosa valorização do solo urbano em Santos nos últimos 15 anos, combinada com uma gestão pública marcada pelo patrimonialismo e pelo crescente atendimento aos interesses do grande capital privado, houve dois processos bastante nítidos na cidade: a a expulsão de parcela da população de Santos, principalmente para outras cidades da Baixada Santista; b a mercantilização do patrimônio arquitetônico e urbanístico, que tem sido preservado, desde que não interfira nos interesses do mercado imobiliário. O trabalho apresenta como objetivo principal a descrição, a análise e a avaliação das políticas públicas urbanas para o centro de Santos, no que tange ao seu conjunto de valores, lógica de funcionamento, interesses atendidos e suas implicações sociais.

  9. Resíduos Sólidos Urbanos: Diagnóstico no Município de Santo Anastácio | Urban Solid Waste: Diagnosis in the Muncipality of Santo Anastácio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Dienifer Souza Sampaio

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE Introduction: One of the greatest problems in urban areas to-day is the issue of generation and management of urban solid waste which, in the current system of capitalist production, made worse by consumerism, creates a lot of garbage that is disposed of in landfill sites without a thought for the resultant degradation of the environment. There is also the important role of the worker who collects recyclable material which is left over from sales and discarded by the population. They require better, less precarious, working conditions. Given these issues of the disposal of solid waste and the value and dignity attached to the work of collectors, this research seeks to analyze how the process of production, collection and disposal of waste operates in the municipality of Santo Anastácio / SP and to contribute to the environmental planning and integrated management of urban solid waste in the Water Resources Management Unit of Pontal do Paranapanema. Methodology and Development: The methodology consisted of a review of the literature concerning the various themes that inform the work, the use of questionnaires and interviews with workers and those responsible for the cleaning service and the collectors of recyclable material to obtain information concerning forms of production, treatment and final disposal, and field work at the landfill site to evaluate further the information collected. Final thoughts: Given the actions so far undertaken, we can summarize a preliminary analysis of the situation concerning solid waste in the municipality, with the following results: the lack of selective collection through the period from 1997 to 2012 shows the municipal government’s failure to address the problem of garbage, the lack of public awareness, lack of documents and control of the treatment of solid waste in the municipality. Furthermore, both current and previous landfill sites have experienced

  10. Floristica da restinga de Camburi, Vitória, ES The flora of Camburi restinga, Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Oberdan José Pereira

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consistiu no levantamento florístico e classificação da vegetação de restinga em Camburi, Vitória, ES. Foram realizadas coletas mensais na área de estudo, que totalizaram 211 espécies distribuídas em 70 famílias, sendo Fabaceae (19 espécies, Myrtaceae (14, Euphorbiaceae (10, Rubiaceae (10, Cyperaceae (9, Sapindaceae (7 e Lauraceae (7 as mais importantes quanto ao número de espécies. A região apresenta remanescentes das comunidades mata seca, aberta de Ericaceae e brejo herbáceo, além de áreas degradadas com espécies pioneiras. A maioria das espécies possui ampla distribuição pela costa brasileira, no entanto, outros padrões foram encontrados. Erythroxylum tênue Plowman, Ocotea nutans (Nees Mez, Miconia brevipes Benth., Prescottia plantaginea Lindl., Pseudolaelia vellozicola (Hoehne Porto & Brade e Coccocypselum hirsutum Bartl. ex DC. são citadas pela primeira vez para as restingas do Espírito Santo.The flora of the Camburi restinga in the municipality of Vitoria, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, was surveyed and vegetation types were classified. Monthly visits to the area resulted in a list of 211 species from 70 plant families of which the most important, according to species richness, were Fabaceae (19, Myrtaceae (14, Euphorbiaceae (10, Rubiaceae (10, Cyperaceae (9, Sapindaceae (7 and Lauraceae (7. This coastal plain still supports remnant patches of dry restinga forest, open Ericaceae scrub and sedge marsh, as well as disturbed areas dominated by pioneer species. Most of the species are widely distributed along the Brazilian coast other patterns, however, being found. Erythmxylum tenue Plowman, Ocotea nutans (Nees Mez, Miconia brevipes Benth., Prescottia pilntaginea Lindl., Pseudolaelia vellozicola (Hoehne Porto & Brade and Coccocypselum hirsutum Bartl. ex DC. are reported for the first time in the restingas of Espírito Santo.

  11. Comparing progress toward the millennium development goal for under-five mortality in León and Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990–2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Social inequality in child survival hampers the achievement of Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4). Monitoring under-five mortality in different social strata may contribute to public health policies that strive to reduce social inequalities. This population-based study examines the trends, causes, and social inequality of mortality before the age of five years in rural and urban areas in Nicaragua. Methods The study was conducted in one rural (Cuatro Santos) and one urban/rural area (León) based on data from Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems. We analyzed live births from 1990 to 2005 in the urban/rural area and from 1990 to 2008 in the rural area. The annual average rate reduction (AARR) and social under-five mortality inequality were calculated using the education level of the mother as a proxy for socio-economic position. Causes of child death were based on systematic interviews (verbal autopsy). Results Under-five mortality in all areas is declining at a rate sufficient to achieve MDG4 by 2015. Urban León showed greater reduction (AARR = 8.5%) in mortality and inequality than rural León (AARR = 4.5%) or Cuatro Santos (AARR = 5.4%). Social inequality in mortality had increased in rural León and no improvement in survival was observed among mothers who had not completed primary school. However, the poor and remote rural area Cuatro Santos was on track to reach MDG4 with equitable child survival. Most of the deaths in both areas were due to neonatal conditions and infectious diseases. Conclusions All rural and urban areas in Nicaragua included in this study were on track to reach MDG4, but social stratification in child survival showed different patterns; unfavorable patterns with increasing inequity in the peri-urban rural zone and a more equitable development in the urban as well as the poor and remote rural area. An equitable progress in child survival may also be accelerated in very poor settings. PMID:24428933

  12. Comparing progress toward the millennium development goal for under-five mortality in León and Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Wilton; Eriksson, Leif; Blandón, Elmer Zelaya; Persson, Lars-Åke; Källestål, Carina; Peña, Rodolfo

    2014-01-15

    Social inequality in child survival hampers the achievement of Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4). Monitoring under-five mortality in different social strata may contribute to public health policies that strive to reduce social inequalities. This population-based study examines the trends, causes, and social inequality of mortality before the age of five years in rural and urban areas in Nicaragua. The study was conducted in one rural (Cuatro Santos) and one urban/rural area (León) based on data from Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems. We analyzed live births from 1990 to 2005 in the urban/rural area and from 1990 to 2008 in the rural area. The annual average rate reduction (AARR) and social under-five mortality inequality were calculated using the education level of the mother as a proxy for socio-economic position. Causes of child death were based on systematic interviews (verbal autopsy). Under-five mortality in all areas is declining at a rate sufficient to achieve MDG4 by 2015. Urban León showed greater reduction (AARR = 8.5%) in mortality and inequality than rural León (AARR = 4.5%) or Cuatro Santos (AARR = 5.4%). Social inequality in mortality had increased in rural León and no improvement in survival was observed among mothers who had not completed primary school. However, the poor and remote rural area Cuatro Santos was on track to reach MDG4 with equitable child survival. Most of the deaths in both areas were due to neonatal conditions and infectious diseases. All rural and urban areas in Nicaragua included in this study were on track to reach MDG4, but social stratification in child survival showed different patterns; unfavorable patterns with increasing inequity in the peri-urban rural zone and a more equitable development in the urban as well as the poor and remote rural area. An equitable progress in child survival may also be accelerated in very poor settings.

  13. Cadmium and phosphate variability during algal blooms of the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez-Mejia, E. [Posgrado en Oceanografía Costera, Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas/Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Campus Sauzal, Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana No. 3917, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22860 (Mexico); Lares, M.L., E-mail: llares@cicese.mx [División de Oceanología, Departamento de Oceanografía Biológica, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Km 107 Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22880 (Mexico); Huerta-Diaz, M.A.; Delgadillo-Hinojosa, F. [Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Campus Sauzal, Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana No. 3917, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22860 (Mexico)

    2016-01-15

    Dinoflagellate algal blooms (DABs), with Lingulodinium polyedrum as the dominant species, have increased over the past few years in coastal areas off Baja California, Mexico. Vertical and temporal variability of particulate cadmium (Cd{sub p}), dissolved Cd (Cd{sub d}), PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} and Cd{sub d}/PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} were investigated during two intense DABs of L. polyedrum that occurred during the fall of 2011 and 2012 in Todos Santos Bay. Results were then, compared with data gathered in the absence of algal blooms during the autumn of 2013. In both algal blooms, L. polyedrum tended to be concentrated near the surface throughout the duration; however, during DAB 2011 the number of cells was twice as abundant ([10.0 ± 8.0] × 10{sup 5} cells L{sup −1}) as in DAB 2012 ([5.0 ± 4.4] × 10{sup 5} cells L{sup −1}). During DAB 2011, Cd{sub p} increased significantly (up to 1.02 ± 0.99 nmol kg{sup −1}) and was positively correlated with the cell abundance of L. polyedrum, suggesting that this dinoflagellate is able to assimilate and concentrate Cd{sub d}. Likewise, Cd{sub d} (up to 0.71 ± 0.17 nM) increased in the days of highest cell abundance, which could be attributed to uptake and subsequent regeneration of Cd{sub d} resulting from the remineralization of organic particulate matter produced during the bloom, as well as with the presence of organic ligands secreted by L. polyedrum that could keep Cd{sub d} in solution. During DAB 2011, dissolved Cd{sub d}/PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} ratios exhibited high vertical and temporal variability in the upper 5 m of the water column, but remained virtually constant near the bottom, suggesting a depth-dependent decoupling between these two dissolved components during the bloom development. Given the observed differences in the vertical and temporal variability of Cd{sub d}, Cd{sub p}, and PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} between these two intense DABs, we propose the existence of an abundance threshold of approximately 10{sup 6

  14. Seletividade de herbicidas aplicados nas gramas Santo Agostinho e Esmeralda Selectivity of herbicides applied on St. Augustinegrass and Emerald turfs

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    N.V. Costa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a seletividade de herbicidas aplicados nas gramas Santo Agostinho (Stenotaphrum secundatum e Esmeralda (Zoysia japonica em condições de campo. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. As gramas foram cortadas a 3 cm de altura e, em seguida, foram feitas as aplicações dos herbicidas. Os tratamentos utilizados foram: testemunha sem aplicação, fluazifop-p-butil (125 g ha-1, sethoxydim+óleo mineral (276 g ha-1 + 0,5% v v-1 de Assist, bispyribac-sodium (25 g ha-1, chlorimuron-ethyl (15 g ha-1, ethoxysulfuron (150 g ha-1, halosulfuron (112,5 g ha-1, iodosulfuron-methyl (10 g ha-1, metsulfuron-methyl (2,4 g ha-1, nicosulfuron (125 g ha-1, pyrithiobac-sodium (140 g ha-1, trifloxysulfuron-sodium (22,5 g ha-1, 2,4-D (720 g ha-1, quinclorac (375 g ha-1, atrazina (1.250 g ha-1, bentazon (600 g ha-1, linuron (1.350 g ha-1, fomesafen (187,5 g ha-1, lactofen (120 g ha-1, oxadiazon (600 g ha-1 e oxyfluorfen (720 g ha-1. Os herbicidas que apresentaram potencial de seletividade para o gramado de S. secundatum foram: os inibidores da ALS chlorimuron-ethyl, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl e metsulfuron-methyl, o mimetizador de auxina 2,4-D, os inibidores do fotossistema II atrazina e bentazon, bem como os inibidores da Protox fomesafen, lactofen e o oxadiazon. Para o gramado de Z. japonica, os herbicidas que apresentaram potencial de seletividade foram: os inibidores da ALS chlorimuron-ethyl, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl e nicosulfuron, os mimetizadores de auxina 2,4-D e quinclorac, os inibidores do fotossistema II atrazina e bentazon, além dos inibidores da Protox fomesafen, lactofen e o oxadiazon.The objective of this study was to evaluate the selectivity of herbicides applied on turfgrasses St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum and Emerald (Zoysia japonica under field conditions. The experimental design was randomized blocks

  15. Mucorales (Zygomycotina) da Mata Atlântica da Reserva Biológica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba, Santo André, SP Mucorales (Zygomycotina) of the Atlantic Rainforest in the "Reserva Biológica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba", Santo André, SP, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Treze táxons de Mucorales (Zygomycotina), distribuídos num total de 266 registros, foram isolados de folhas de Alchornea triplinervia (Spreng.) Müll. Arg. colocadas em ambientes terrestre e aquático, e de amostras de solo e de água de riacho, coletadas mensalmente, de julho de 1988 a maio de 1990 na Reserva Biológica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba, no município de Santo André, SP. As espécies que apresentaram os maiores números de registro de ocorrência foram Mucor hiemalis Wehmer (78 regi...

  16. Representação dos monstros e monstruosidades na literatura e no cinema: transformações em A terceira margem do rio, de Nelson Pereira dos Santos = The representation of monsters and monstrosities in Literature and Cinema: transformation in A terceira margem do rio, by Nelson Pereira dos Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souto, Generosa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Tem este texto a intenção de discutir em que medida ocorre a representação dos monstros e das monstruosidades como construção discursiva no filme A Terceira Margem do Rio (1994, de Nelson Pereira dos Santos, que reúne, num só corpo, seis das Primeiras Estórias, de Guimarães Rosa, Sequência, Fatalidade, A menina de lá, As margens da alegria e Os Irmãos Dagobé

  17. Sequence stratigraphy in Rift deposits: an example in the Membro Mucuri (Aptiano) of the Sao Mateus field, Espirito Santo basin, Brazil; Estratigrafia de sequencia em depositos de Rifte: um exemplo no membro Mucuri (Aptiano) do Campo de Sao Mateus, Bacia do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guirro, Antonio Celso; Rey, Antonio Cosme Del [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1998-07-01

    Sao Mateus field is located onshore Espirito Santo basin, Brazil eastern cost. Petroleum accumulations occur in Mucuri Member, Aptian, deposited at the end of basin rift phase. Vertical section of this member records a transition from a continental to a shallow marine environment. Three depositional sequences are recognized. Each sequence consists of lowstand fluvial deposits covered by transgressive deposits with delta estuarine fine grained sediments. The highly transgressive sedimentation pattern makes difficult to discern transgressive to highstand deposits. The reservoirs are fluvial and delta estuarine sandstones, and the seals are transgressive fine grained sediments. Normal faults promoted up-dip closures. (author)

  18. Menino Jesus do Monte: arte e religiosidade na cidade de Santo Amaro da Purificação no século XIX.

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Edjane Cristina Rodrigues da

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação propõe-se a apresentar o estudo referente à produção artística da representação do Menino Jesus do Monte produzida pelas religiosas do Recolhimento de Nossa Senhora dos Humildes, em Santo Amaro da Purificação/BA, no século XIX. A pesquisa fundamentou-se no método de análise formal de quinze imagens, selecionadas por apresentarem semelhanças quanto à técnica empregada na manufatura e materiais utilizados na ornamentação. Foram utilizados também os métodos comparativo e iconogr...

  19. Prevalence of potentially pathogenic free-living amoebae from Acanthamoeba and Naegleria genera in non-hospital, public, internal environments from the city of Santos, Brazil

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    Lais Helena Teixeira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Acanthamoeba and Naegleria species are free-living amoebae (FLA found in a large variety of natural habitats. The prevalence of such amoebae was determined from dust samples taken from public non-hospital internal environments with good standards of cleanliness from two campuses of the same University in the city of Santos (SP, Brazil, and where young and apparently healthy people circulate. The frequency of free-living amoebae in both campuseswas 39% and 17% respectively, with predominance of the genus Acanthamoeba. On the campus with a much larger number of circulating individuals, the observed frequency of free-living amoebae was 2.29 times larger (P< 0.00005. Two trophozoite forms of Naegleria fowleri, are the only species of this genus known to cause primary amoebian meningoencephalitis, a rare and non-opportunistic infection. We assume that the high frequency of these organisms in different internal locations represents some kind of public health risk.

  20. Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

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    Manoel Marques Evangelista Oliveira

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ, where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

  1. The state of the economy of Espírito Santo at the beginning of the 21st century: a developed and peripheral state?

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    Sávio Bertochi Caçador

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to show the contradictory character of the recent developments in the Espírito Santo’s economy: an economy with indicators that reveal at the same time some degree of socioeconomic development and peripheral insertion in the Brazilian economy. In addition, plan to discuss future prospects of Espírito Santo, from the decisive role that public policies in the areas of science, technology and innovation are in this beginning of century and at the same time that are clear environmental limits and of occupation of space that the current production profile of the State (geared primarily for the production of commodities means

  2. La Asociación Nacional de Editores de Libros de Texto: desde la Transición hasta el siglo XXI. Entrevista a Don Mauricio Santos

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    Miguel BEAS MIRANDA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Las ideas incluidas en este artículo se centran en tres aspectos: la génesis de ANELE, la evolución del sector editorial y las relaciones entre ANELE y las administraciones con competencias en educación. Dentro de este último apartado, destacamos las reflexiones en torno a los filtros establecidos para la autorización y aprobación de los libros de texto y defendemos un mayor protagonismo en la toma de decisiones del profesorado y menor intervención de las burocracias administrativas. El artículo recoge también la entrevista realizada a D. Mauricio Santos Arrabal, presidende de ANELE.

  3. Caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Bogotá

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    Myriam Soraya Suárez R.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios sobre el perfil de los estudiantes universitarios se han llevado a cabo permanentemente, debido a que las universidades requieren saber con qué estudiantes cuentan y cómo estos requieren ser formados, de acuerdo con las necesidades actua - les del mercado laboral y las necesidades sociales del contexto en el cual se encuentran inmersos. Esta investigación sobre la caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Bogotá, determinó los aspectos biográficos, sociodemográficos, proyecto de vida, perfil educativo y profesional, competencias y uso del tiempo libre, con el fin de describir las motivaciones, intereses y percepciones, lo cual permitió tener un conocimiento holístico de los estudiantes y de todos los aspectos involucrados en su formación.

  4. Virtual historical reconstitution of the main altarpiece of the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora: application of web-based infographics to Cultural Heritage

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    Catarina Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As a part of a multidisciplinary and integrated research, including conservation sciences and history, a proposal is presented for the historical reconstitution and the virtual restoration of the mannerist altarpiece of the main altar at the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora. The collected data is abundant and the scientific information, because of its technicality, is less prone to be easily understood by the general public, thus becoming less accessible. Web-based infographics are explored as privileged forms of disseminating results and raising awareness to Cultural Heritage. The project materializes as an Internet platform where data and a reconstitution proposal are shared in a visual and interactive way. In addition to the digital virtual reconstitution (2D, some tridimensional models (3D are presented of various elements of the altarpiece, obtained using methods of computer graphics and digital photogrammetry.

  5. Los alarifes de Santo Domingo: la historia oculta de los musulmanes que construyeron la primera ciudad europea en América

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    José F. Buscaglia Salgado

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta pruebas documentales y evidencias encontradas en el patrimonio arquitectónico que certifican la existencia de una comunidad de musulmanes peninsulares (andalusíes y magrebíes en la etapa de formación temprana de las sociedades americanas durante el siglo XVI y, más específicamente, en la isla Española, mostrando de manera fehaciente que el monumento principal de la etapa de construcción inicial de la ciudad de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, la catedral de Santa María la Menor, fue obra de alarifes musulmanes.

  6. Los alarifes de Santo Domingo: la historia oculta de los musulmanes que construyeron la primera ciudad europea en América

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    José F. Buscaglia Salgado

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta pruebas documentales y evidencias encontradas en el patrimonio arquitectónico que certifican la existencia de una comunidad de musulmanes peninsulares (andalusíes y magrebíes en la etapa de formación temprana de las sociedades americanas durante el siglo XVI y, más específicamente, en la isla Española, mostrando de manera fehaciente que el monumento principal de la etapa de construcción inicial de la ciudad de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, la catedral de Santa María la Menor, fue obra de alarifes musulmanes.

  7. Prevalence of potentially pathogenic free-living amoebae from Acanthamoeba and Naegleria genera in non-hospital, public, internal environments from the city of Santos, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Lais Helena; Rocha, Silvana; Pinto, Rosa Maria Ferreiro; Caseiro, Marcos Montani; Costa, Sergio Olavo Pinto da

    2009-12-01

    Acanthamoeba and Naegleria species are free-living amoebae (FLA) found in a large variety of natural habitats. The prevalence of such amoebae was determined from dust samples taken from public non-hospital internal environments with good standards of cleanliness from two campuses of the same University in the city of Santos (SP), Brazil, and where young and apparently healthy people circulate. The frequency of free-living amoebae in both campuses was 39% and 17% respectively, with predominance of the genus Acanthamoeba. On the campus with a much larger number of circulating individuals, the observed frequency of free-living amoebae was 2.29 times larger (P< 0.00005). Two trophozoite forms of Naegleria fowleri, are the only species of this genus known to cause primary amoebian meningoencephalitis, a rare and non-opportunistic infection. We assume that the high frequency of these organisms in different internal locations represents some kind of public health risk.

  8. Reading beyond the classroom. Effects and advantages of extensive reading practice focused to be part of the english programs at the Universidad Santo Tomás, Tunja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nery Yolanda Ruiz de Guerrero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es observar y describir los efectosde aplicar lectura extensiva a un grupo de estudiantes de quintonivel de Inglés de la Universidad Santo Tomás, dirigido a hacerparte del programa de Inglés. Este proyecto proporciona a losestudiantes un ambiente adecuado para el desarrollo de lecturaextensiva por medio de textos reales, que se caracteriza por lapráctica de lectura libre y controlada, en la cual los estudiantestienen la oportunidad de tomar sus propias decisiones bajo lasupervisión del profesor. La información fue recolectada a travésde los diarios de los profesores, de los reportes orales y escritosde los estudiantes y de las entrevistas realizadas a éstos.

  9. Reactional state and nutritional profile among leprosy patients in the primary health care system, Greater Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenegro, Rosa Maria Natalli; Zandonade, Eliana; Molina, Maria Del Carmen Bisi; Diniz, Lúcia Martins

    2012-01-01

    Leprosy may present acute/subacute inflammatory processes (leprosy reactions). The study characterized the reactional states of patients at health clinics in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and associated them with sociodemographic factors and clinical/nutritional variables. between January and December 2009, longitudinal follow-up of patients with leprosy continued until leprosy reactions occurred or patients completed 6 months of multidrug therapy. Of the 151 patients participating, 78 (51.7%) were females, 48 (31.8%) had 5 to 8 years schooling, 93 (61.6%) worked and earned from 1 to 3 minimum wages, and 55 (36.4 %) had leprosy reactions, but with no statistical association to socioeconomic characteristics or nutritional status. However, absence of reaction was more common in the low-weight group, suggesting a trend in this group to protection from the reaction (p = 0.0906). The study found no association between nutritional status and leprosy reaction.

  10. Chronology of anthropogenic impacts reconstructed from sediment records of trace metals and Pb isotopes in Todos os Santos Bay (NE Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, R L B; Hatje, V; Masqué, P; Zurbrick, C M; Boyle, E A; Santos, W P C

    2017-08-08

    The evolution of the impacts of anthropogenic activities in Todos os Santos Bay was evaluated by profiles of trace metals and Pb isotopes determined in sediment cores. Fluxes of metals increased up to 12, 4 and 2 times for Cu, Pb, and Zn, respectively, compared to those recorded in the beginning of the 20(th) century. Stable Pb isotopes identified a decommissioned lead smelter and burning of fossil fuels as the main sources of Pb. Most metals showed minor to moderate enrichment factors (EF<4), but Cu and Pb were highly enriched (EF=28 and 6, respectively) at the Aratu harbor. Temporal changes in sediments were associated to different activities, namely Pb smelting, burning of fossil fuels, maritime traffic, petroleum related activities, inputs of domestic effluents, and changes in land uses. The effects of the implementation of environmental policies to improve the waters of the bay could not be identified in the evaluated cores. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Overview of the 20th century impact of trace metal contamination in the estuaries of Todos os Santos Bay: past, present and future scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatje, Vanessa; Barros, Francisco

    2012-11-01

    This paper discusses the distribution patterns of trace metals in sediments and suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the three main estuaries of the Todos os Santos Bay (BTS), Brazil, during dry and rainy seasons. Data available up to 2012 was also reviewed to assess the status of contamination. For most elements, metal concentrations in sediments decreased from the tidal limits to the lower estuary. Metals in SPM presented more complex distributions along the salinity gradient. Metal variability between rainy and dry conditions was only significant for SPM data. Of the BTS estuaries, the levels of Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu are highest in the Subaé estuary, and they seem to be promoting harmful biological effects in macrofauna, and also may pose potential human health risks. Despite the evidence of important localized contamination, much of the data compiled indicates that the bay and its estuaries are still relatively preserved. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Assessment of mercury contamination based on mercury distribution in sediment, macroalgae, and seagrass in the Todos os Santos bay, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fostier, Anne H; do N Costa, Fernanda; Korn, Maria das Graças A

    2016-10-01

    The Todos os Santos bay (TSB) is the second largest Brazilian bay. Despite the large number of potential anthropogenic sources of mercury (Hg) in the bay, data on this element in this marine environment are very scarce. Total Hg concentrations were therefore determined in sediment, macroalgae, and seagrass species collected during dry and rainy seasons, from eight locations. In ~45 % of the sediment samples, Hg concentration was two to four times higher than the upper value considered the regional Hg background (15 μg kg(-1)). Geoaccumulation index indicated that Hg contamination was at none to heavily contaminated. In Padina sp., Caulerpa sp., Hypnea sp., and Halodule wrigthii, Hg concentrations ranged from 10.61-297.61, 15.59-74.50, 12.84-158.03, and 4.02-67.25 μg kg(-1), respectively.

  13. AIDS tendencies in São Mateus microregion, state of Espírito Santo, and Brazil from 1999 to 2008

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    Ana Paula Martins Vilela

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: In Brazil, AIDS has been described as a multi-faceted pandemic. This study aimed to describe the trends of AIDS in São Mateus microregion, in Espírito Santo, and in Brazil, from 1999 to 2008. METHODS: Data were collected from the Notification Offences System, and a trend analysis was made. RESULTS: Microregion-based results are close to the state and national levels but with particular features that indicate the presence of regional sub-epidemics. CONCLUSIONS: Despite progress in nearly thirty years of the epidemic, AIDS remains an incurable disease, and prevention is still the best defense against it together with the implementation of specific public policies.

  14. ANÁLISIS DEL DISCURSO DE POSESIÓN DE JUAN MANUEL SANTOS: LA IDEOLOGÍA DE LA UNIDAD NACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Yamila Villarraga

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra las estrategias discursivas presentes en el discurso de posesión del presidente Juan Manuel Santos, leído el 7 de agosto del 2010. Estas estrategias son usadas por el primer mandatario (el enunciador con el fin de establecer una ideología llamada la Unidad Nacional, con la que comienza su gobierno. Las teorías planteadas por Duranti (2000 sobre los actos de habla y por Gallucci (2005 sobre las estrategias de legitimación son el eje teórico-metodológico del proceso de análisis textual. El texto está dividido en cuatro partes: la introducción, el planteamiento de la ideología, las propuestas y el cierre alusivo al gobierno anterior.

  15. Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Maifrede, Simone Bravim; Ribeiro, Mariceli Araújo; Zancope-Oliveira, Rosely Maria

    2013-11-01

    Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

  16. [Porto and the construction of the modern city: the case of Hospital Geral de Santo António in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Helena

    2014-01-01

    During a period of demographic and urban growth of the city of Porto, the need arose for a new hospital. The Santa Casa da Misericórdia of Porto, in charge of erecting the new health facility, appointed the British architect John Carr to design the project. By means of the analysis of a set of archival sources and sundry literature on the topic, we examine the criteria chosen for the design and construction of Hospital Geral de Santo António and if it fulfilled expectations, becoming a special space in the city. This article opens up a perspective on the study of the development of the city and the creation of this health facility, contributing to the historical trajectory of hospital architecture.

  17. Virtual historical reconstitution of the main altarpiece of the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora: application of web-based infographics to Cultural Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As a part of a multidisciplinary and integrated research, including conservation sciences and history, a proposal is presented for the historical reconstitution and the virtual restoration of the mannerist altarpiece of the main altar at the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora. The collected data is abundant and the scientific information, because of its technicality, is less prone to be easily understood by the general public, thus becoming less accessible. Web-based infographics are explored as privileged forms of disseminating results and raising awareness to Cultural Heritage. The project materializes as an Internet platform where data and a reconstitution proposal are shared in a visual and interactive way. In addition to the digital virtual reconstitution (2D, some tridimensional models (3D are presented of various elements of the altarpiece, obtained using methods of computer graphics and digital photogrammetry.

  18. PARADIGMAS E TRANSFORMAÇÕES EPISTEMOLÓGICAS: A CRISE DA CIÊNCIA MODERNA EM THOMAS KUHN E BOAVENTURA DE SOUSA SANTOS

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    Taylisi de Souza Corrêa Leite

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo consiste na exploração dos conceitos de crise da ciência moderna esuas possíveis resoluções em duas obras específicas, uma de Thomas Kuhn e a outra deBoaventura de Sousa Santos. A seleção de pensadores com matrizes teóricas tão diferentespossui o escopo de evidenciar a inexorabilidade da crise paradigmática da modernidade. Desdeque se disponha a lançar um olhar crítico sobre os fundamentos do fracasso da ciência moderna,o resultado obtido será sempre semelhante, ainda que a soluções apontadas sejam diferentes,como ocorre com os autores selecionados.

  19. El esplendor de la liturgia eucarística: el monumento y el arca del Jueves Santo de la Catedral de Toledo

    OpenAIRE

    López-Yarto Elizalde, Amelia

    2006-01-01

    El culto a la Eucaristía centró la liturgia desde los primeros años del cristianismo, fundamentalmente la de la Misa y la de la Cena Pascual. Es difícil precisar cómo fue en principio la celebración en ambos casos y cómo se llevaba a cabo la reserva del Santísimo. La primera noticia que tenemos sobre esta última, es que, después de la ceremonia del Jueves Santo, se hacía en la sacristía, trasladando la Sagrada Forma los diáconos, exactamente igual que la reserva para la comunió...

  20. High frequency of resistance to the drugs isoniazid and rifampicin among tuberculosis cases in the city of Cabo de Santo Agostinho, an urban area in Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baliza, Marcilio; Bach, Artur Henrique; Queiroz, Gabriel Lobo de; Melo, Inês Cardoso; Carneiro, Maria Madileuza; Albuquerque, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de; Suffys, Philip; Rodrigues, Laura; Ximenes, Ricardo; Lucena-Silva, Norma

    2008-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to investigate the frequency and risk factors for developing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Cabo de Santo Agostinho, PE. This was a prospective study conducted from 2000 to 2003, in which suspected cases were investigated using bacilloscopy and culturing. Out of 232 confirmed cases of tuberculosis, culturing and antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed on 174. Thirty-five of the 174 cultures showed resistance to all drugs. The frequencies of primary and acquired resistance to any drug were 14% and 50% respectively, while the frequencies of primary and acquired multidrug resistance were 8.3% and 40%. Previous tuberculosis treatment and abandonment of treatment were risk factors for drug resistance. The high levels of primary and acquired resistance to the combination of isoniazid and rifampicin contributed towards the difficulties in controlling tuberculosis transmission in the city.

  1. Size composition, monthly condition factor and morphometrics for fishery-dependent samples of Rioraja agassizi (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae, off Santos, Southeast Brazil

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    M. Cristina Oddone

    Full Text Available Specimens of Rioraja agassizi were collected monthly off Santos, Southeast Brazil, between latitudes 23º37'S and 27º40'S, from March, 2005 to March, 2006. A total number of 278 males and 1023 females were captured. Observed depth range was 10-120 m, being the species absent above 120 m. Sex ratio significantly favored females. The entire length range of R. agassizi was observed. Females ranged in length from 16.0 to 59.4 cm and males from 13.0 to 47.2 cm. Mean female length was significantly higher than that of males. For grouped length distributions, asymmetry patterns were observed in both sexes. Length-width functions were sexually dimorphic. Males with lengths 3 (positive allometry. The monthly variation of the condition factor showed significant differences in both sexes.

  2. Sostenibilidad de la caficultura arábica en el ámbito de la agricultura familiar en el estado de Espírito Santo-Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Herzog de Muner, Lucio

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo de esta Tesis ha sido evaluar de forma comparativa la sostenibilidad socioeconómica y ambiental en la producción de café arábico del sistema orgánico, convencional y del sistema de buenas prácticas agrícolas en unidades familiares de producción en el Estado de Espírito Santo por medio del uso de indicadores estratégicos. La zona estudiada está en la región montañosa ubicada el Suroeste de ES y Caparaó. Se ha elegido, para la medición de los índices y para la evaluac...

  3. Feeding ecology and trophic relationships of fish species in the lower Guadiana River Estuary and Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António Salt Marsh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Rita; Bexiga, Constança; Veiga, Pedro; Vieira, Lina; Erzini, Karim

    2006-10-01

    In this study we analyze the feeding ecology and trophic relationships of some of the main fish species (Soleidae, Moronidae, Mullidae, Sparidae, Mugilidae, and Batrachoididae) of the lower Estuary of the Guadiana River and the Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António Salt Marsh. We examined the stomachs of 1415 fish caught monthly between September 2000 and August 2001. Feeding indices and coefficients were determined and used along with the results of multivariate analysis to develop diagrams of trophic interactions (food webs). Results show that these species are largely opportunistic predators. The most important prey items are amphipods, gobies (Gobiidae), shrimps ( Palaemon serratus and Crangon crangon), and polychaete worms. The lower Estuary and associated salt marshes are important nurseries and feeding grounds for the species studied. In this area, it is therefore important to monitor the effects of changes in river runoff, nutrient input, and temperature that result from construction of the Alqueva Dam upstream.

  4. A transformação da paisagem: planos diretores em onze municípios do Espírito Santo, um estudo de caso

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    Jonathas Magalhães Pereira da Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the feasibility of procedures related to the landscape changes, as analysed by the method of participatory planning. We believe that the environmental themes depend upon the development of work methods for the stablishment of concrete strategies to consolidate a new urban reality and a new landscape. We believe that any coordinate action in the direction of preserving or regenerating natural resources as well as minimizing the impact of human settlements needs an inclusive debate, understanding and participation of different groups in society, when reading and studying the territory. Taking this insights into account, we decided to present a case study - the consultantship for eleven municipal committees training activities related to the development of Municipal Directive Plans in the Espirito Santo State mountains region. In this project, we had the opportunity to coordinate the technical works with the local comittees, composed by representatatives from the public legislative sector, the public executive sector and from the organized community groups.

  5. Non-volant tetrapods from Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas, State of Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Tonini, João Filipe Riva; Carão, Lívia de Moraes; Pinto,Israel de Souza; Gasparini, João Luiz Rosetti; Leite,Yuri Luiz Reis; Costa, Leonora Pires

    2010-01-01

    A Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas (2.190 ha) é um dos maiores remanescentes de Mata Atlântica do Estado do Espírito Santo, Sudeste do Brasil. Nós amostramos tetrápodes não voadores nessa área entre maio de 2007 e abril de 2008, utilizando armadilhas de queda, armadilhas de isca, armadilhas fotográficas e buscas oportunísticas diurnas e noturnas. Além disso, nós compilamos registros de vertebrados não voadores ocorrentes nesta área disponíveis na literatura e através de espécimes em museus. Nó...

  6. For a moral of language on the problematic regionalism: Alhué by José Santos González Vera and Vidas Sêcas by Graciliano Ramos

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este artículo expone que las posiciones sobre el lenguaje que adoptan los narradores y personajes de las novelas Alhué de José Santos González Vera y Vidas sêcas de Graciliano Ramos, a partir de la comunión con un espacio agreste, se constituye como una opción crítica frente a los problemas derivados por las nuevas posibilidades de la condición humana impuestas por la Modernidad y sus circuitos de producción. La reflexión en torno a esta “moral del lenguaje” se enmarca dentro de lo que Antoni...

  7. The Brazilian psychiatric reform: historical and technical-supportive aspects of experiences carried out in the cities of São Paulo, Santos and Campinas

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    Cristina Amélia Luzio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian psychiatric reform: historical and technical-supportive aspects of experiences carried out in the cities of São Paulo (capital, Santos and Campinas, in order to understand their material, social and political impacts, the progress in the process of breaking away from the psychiatric ward model, and the establishment of creative and productive groups, required to build up the psychosocial treatment in regard to mental health, as well as to evaluate the contribution that the SUS (Brazilian Public Health System had on the psychiatric reform in the mentioned cities. The research, which is the basis of this paper, is part of a thesis regarding mental health care, whereby the innovative projects implemented in those cities served as framework and basis for comparison to analyze mental health policy in small and medium-sized cities and towns in the state of São Paulo.

  8. Evolución histórica del territorio de Santo Adriano y génesis del poblamiento medieval

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    Francisco Javier FERNÁNDEZ CONDE

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Descripción geográfica del territorio de Santo Adriano, cuyos límites coinciden con los del municipio del mismo nombre, en las Asturias centrales: un valle fluvial con zonas de media montaña, perteneciente a la Zona Cantábrica, en el que abunda la "caliza de montaña". Los primeros indicios de poblamiento llegan hasta el paleolítico medio y superior con habitat en varias cuevas, de cuya época se conservan grabados en roca. Está configurado por un sistema de pequeños castros, con sus respectivos "espacios cástrales", que definen bien todo el territorio. La presencia de cultura romana es muy poco relevante. En la documentación medieval más antigua, finales del siglo X, sometida a notables interpolaciones "pelagianas", figuran ya los límites modernos del concejo, con pocas variantes. También se documenta la existencia de habitat troglodítico medieval por hallazgos de algunas, muy pocas, piezas cerámicas. El primer poblamiento altomedieval constaba de varias "villae", localizadas y descritas hasta donde es posible, donadas al monasterio-iglesia de Santo Adriano de Tuñón por Alfonso III yjimena (891. El monasterio fue fundado, asimismo, por estos soberanos, funcionando como el verdadero núcleo articulador de todo el poblamiento antiguo. Se trataba de un territorio vinculado al "Camín de la Mesa", un camino real prerromano, en uso hasta época moderna, que comunicaba Asturias con la meseta. Una localidad, Valdolayés, fue el escenario de una de las batallas más importantes de los astures contra el caudillo musulmán, Munuza, documentada en las Crónicas Asturianas.ABSTRACT: Geographic description of Santo Adriano territory, its frontiers are identical to the municipality with the same name, in Central Asturias: a river valley in mid mountain zones, in the Cantàbric Zone, where the limestone mountain is frequent. The first signals of population go as far back as the middle and high paleolithic with habitat in some caves

  9. APROPRIAÇÃO E RESSIGNIFICAÇÃO DA ÁGUA PELA RACIONALIDADE ECONÔMICA INDUSTRIAL (ESPÍRITO SANTO – BRASIL

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    Marilda Teles Maracci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo da apropriação e ressignificação da água pela racionalidade econômicoindustrial no Estado do Espírito Santo, considerando-se os conflitos territoriais que envolvem a empresa Aracruz Celulose S/A (Fibria e as populações indígenas e tradicionais diretamente atingidas pelos danos socioambientais provocados pelo complexo agroindustrial celulósico em questão nos últimos 40 anos. O atual modelo de desenvolvimento, baseado na íntima relação entre latifúndio e monoculturas, fundamenta-se na grande concentração de terras e de recursos naturais, para atender àsdemandas do voraz mercado consumidor capitalista mundial, seguindo, as pegadas da matriz colonial e aprofundando conflitos territoriais.

  10. BLACK PEPPER: IMPORTANCE OF CROP DEFENSE TO THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ACTIVITY IN THE NORTH OF THE ESPÍRITO SANTO

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    Bruno Sérgio Oliveira e Silva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The fusarium wilt disease is the main crop, whether restricted to Brazil. The disease is caused by the fungus Fusarium solani f. sp. piperis., and in the last years the disease has reduced the life of peppers ranging 12-15 years, for a range of four to six years. Discussing subjects about etiology, symptoms, epidemiology and control, this research is part of a larger project being developed with the Postgraduate Program in Tropical Agriculture in the Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo / UFES. The disease can start from the roots or branches with the evolution of the disease is observed in a drying plant. Conditions of high humidity favor the production of conidia and more efficient control methods to be adopted in the control of fusarium wilt of black pepper are preventive yet.

  11. A Irmandade do Santíssimo Sacramento de Santo Estêvão de Alfama e a assistência à pobreza (1806–1820

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    Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond Braga

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de fontes manuscritas inéditas, produzidas pela irmandade do Santíssimo Sacramento de Santo Estêvão de Alfama, procuramos avaliar o papel da instituição na assistência à pobreza, analisando os regimentos e a prática quotidiana da atribuição de esmolas a determinados grupos de desvalidos. Em especial, procuramos indagar qual o peso da atividade assistencial aos pobres nas contas da instituição, visto que as confrarias se destacaram, em especial, pelas atividades ligadas ao culto e à assistência às almas dos confrades. Por outro lado, houve a preocupação de perceber quem eram os assistidos e quais os motivos que os tinham levado à categoria de pobres.

  12. UTILIZACIÓN DEL TIEMPO LIBRE DE ESTUDIANTES DEL ÁREA DE SALUD DE LA INSTITUCIÓN EDUCACIONAL SANTO TOMAS, TALCA

    OpenAIRE

    LEMP PAREDES,MARTA; BEHN THEUNE,VERONICA

    2008-01-01

    Estudio de tipo descriptivo transversal y correlacional en que se analizan los hábitos de utilización del tiempo libre de los estudiantes de la Institución de Educación Superior Santo Tomás en Talca, de las carreras del área de la salud: Enfermería, Kinesiología, Técnico en Enfermería de Nivel Superior (TENS) y Técnico Laboratorista Dental (TLD). La información de fuente primaria se obtuvo mediante la aplicación de una encuesta en junio de 2006. El número de datos recolectados fue de 494. Se ...

  13. À sombra do Tribunal do Santo Ofício português: desdobramentos de uma visitação no Pernambuco quinhentista

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    Davi Celestino da Silva

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa compreender como se efetuou a aplicação da justiça inquisitorial na América portuguesa, especificamente em Pernambuco na última década do século XVI. O advento dessa justiça fora fruto dos desdobramentos da primeira visitação do Santo Ofício ao Brasil, na Bahia, entre 1591 e 1593, e em Pernambuco, entre 1593 e 1595. Naquele contexto, em linhas gerais, tinha a justiça da Santa Inquisição o encargo de exercer a vigilância sobre as práticas contrárias aos dogmas da Santa Igreja Católica no Novo Mundo.

  14. Utilização dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS na cidade de Santos, São Paulo, Brasil

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    Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    Full Text Available A fim de descrever a clientela atendida nos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS da Cidade de Santos foi realizado um censo de pacientes atendidos nos CAPS no período 1º de junho de 2001 a 30 de junho de 2001. O primeiro contato do paciente com o serviço foi registrado e seus dados foram preenchidos em ficha padronizada utilizando o prontuário médico como fonte de informação. Foram atendidos 1.673 usuários, com idade média de 46 anos, mulheres (59,0%, morando com a família (78,0% e tempo médio de três anos em tratamento no serviço. Atenderam 38,0% de esquizofrênicos, esquizotípicos e delirantes, 31,0% com transtorno de humor e 17,0% de neuróticos, nas modalidades de ambulatório médico-psiquiátrico (81,0%, individual (23,0%, grupal (13,0% e reabilitação psicossocial (4,3%. Os CAPS de Santos atendem todas as categorias de transtornos mentais, sendo os mais freqüentes aqueles considerados mais graves, o que é esperado para este tipo de serviço. O modelo de tratamento oferecido tem características ambulatorial e médico-psiquiátrica.

  15. La iglesia de Santo Domingo de La Iruela (Jaén. Excavación y Arqueología de la arquitectura

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    Salvatierra Cuenca, Vicente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we present the results of the archaeological interventions carried out in the church of Santo Domingo in La Iruela, Jaén. The excavations revealed that, prior to the present building constructed in the 16th century, there was another one that may also have had religious functions. The stratigraphic analysis permit knowing that the entire building was constructed at once, although the materials of the apse and the naves were very different; which allows for different interpretations. However, it has been proved that the deterioration of the building began between the seventeenth and the eighteenth century. The last stage is represented by the desecration and its use as a cemetery, which has caused important damages on the faces.En este artículo presentamos los resultados de la intervención arqueológica efectuada en la iglesia de Santo Domingo de La Iruela (Jaén. Las excavaciones han permitido comprobar que antes del edificio actual, levantado en el siglo XVI, existió otro, que quizá también tuvo funciones religiosas. El análisis estratigráfico de los restos emergentes ha demostrado que el último edificio se construyó en un solo momento, aunque se emplearon materiales muy diferentes en la cabecera y en las naves, lo que abre la puerta a diversas interpretaciones. Por otra parte se ha comprobado que entre los siglos XVII y XVIII debió comenzar el deterioro del edificio. La última fase viene representada por su desacralización y uso como cementerio, acción que ha provocado graves daños en sus paramentos.

  16. El Cerro de los Santos: paisaje, negociación social y ritualidad entre el mundo ibérico y el hispano

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    García Cardiel, Jorge

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Iberian shrine of Cerro de los Santos is located next to one of the main roads in the Southeast of the Meseta, in the middle of an area without any town of some entity. This paper aims to highlight its status as a shrine of passage, i.e. as a sacred, safe point where voyagers could rest overnight under the protection of the god. The creation of a statio by the Romans in such a place and its dedication to the goddess Pales provide more circumstantial evidence for this theory. Furthermore, some domestic material contexts can be defined, probably connected with this activity, and clearly different from the well-known ritual contexts of the shrine.La ubicación del santuario ibérico del Cerro de los Santos junto a una de las principales vías de comunicación del sureste meseteño y en el centro de una comarca desprovista de núcleos urbanos de cierta entidad permite subrayar en este artículo su uso continuado como santuario de paso, lugar sacro y seguro al que los caminantes podrían acogerse para pernoctar bajo la protección de la divinidad. La creación de una statio en el enclave en época romana y su dedicación a la diosa Pales no son sino argumentos ulteriores en este sentido. Se identifican además contextos materiales domésticos, distintos de los espacios de culto bien conocidos del santuario, relacionables con esta otra actividad.

  17. Treated wastewater effluent as a source of pyrethroids and fipronil at Todos Santos Bay, Mexico: Its impact on sediments and organisms.

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    Hernández-Guzmán, Félix Augusto; Macías-Zamora, José Vinicio; Ramírez-Álvarez, Nancy; Alvarez-Aguilar, Arturo; Quezada-Hernández, Cristina; Fonseca, Ana Paula

    2017-06-03

    Pyrethroids are insecticides widely used to control pests and disease vectors in residential areas and agricultural lands. Pyrethroids are emerging pollutants, and their use is a growing concern because of their toxicity potential to aquatic organisms. Todos Santos Bay and the Punta Banda estuary, 2 coastal bodies located to the south of the Southern California Bight, were studied to establish a baseline of the current conditions of pollution by pyrethroids and fipronil. Eight pyrethroids, along with fipronil and its 2 metabolites, were determined in effluents from wastewater-treatment plants (n = 3), surface sediments (n = 32), and 3 locations with mussels (Mytilus californianus, n = 9). Bifenthrin, permethrin, and cypermethrin were the most common pyrethroids found in the study areas and were widespread in sediments, mussels, and wastewater-treated effluents. Fipronil and its metabolites were detected in mussels and wastewater-treated effluents only. Total pyrethroid concentrations in sediments ranged from 0.04 to 1.95 ng/g dry weight in the Punta Banda estuary (n = 13) and from 0.07 to 6.62 ng/g dry weight in Todos Santos Bay (n = 19). Moreover, total pyrethroids in mussels ranged from 1.19 to 6.15 ng/g wet weight. Based on the toxic unit data calculated for pyrethroids and fipronil for Eohaustorius estuarius and Hyalella azteca, little to no impact is expected to the benthic population structure. Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;9999:1-8. © 2017 SETAC. © 2017 SETAC.

  18. O CONCEITO DE MEIO TÉCNICO-CIENTÍFICO-INFORMACIONAL EM MILTON SANTOS E A NÃO-VISÃO DA LUTA DE CLASSES

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    Lucas Maia

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este texto visa discutir o conceito de meio técnico-científico-informacional em Milton Santos. A tese que defendemos é que no processo de construção do conceito, Milton Santos não considerou ou só considerou de modo secundário a luta de classes. Isto tem implicações metodológicas e políticas de certa importância. Após discutir como o autor elaborou o conceito em pelo menos duas décadas considerando a questão, apresentamos em seguida nossa apreciação crítica, demonstrando como ele desconsiderou as lutas de classes na constituição do meio técnico-científico-informacional. Para a realização deste estudo, analisamos fundamentalmente a obra A Natureza do Espaço, texto no qual ele desenvolve de modo mais acabado o conceito de meio técnico-científico. Consideramos também, de modo mais secundário, um conjunto de outros textos nos quais ele aborda direta ou indiretamente a questão. Nossa intenção não foi desconsiderar a contribuição deste autor para as pesquisas em Geografia. Pelo contrário, queremos, a partir do que ele nos legou, aprofundar as discussões relativas a este conceito, que muito tem ainda de elementos explicativos da realidade.

  19. Religião, identidade e segurança entre imigrantes luteranos da Pomerânia, no Espírito Santo (1880-2005

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    André Droogers

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available No século 19, muitas pessoas de diversas regiões rurais da Alemanha emigraram pra o Brasil. Vários contingentes oriundos da Pomerânia Oriental (hoje noroeste da Polônia fixaram-se no estado do Espírito Santo. A maioria era seguidora da igreja luterana. Neste artigo, examinamos como sua religião ajudou esses imigrantes a conservar um nível de segurança satisfatório. A palavra segurança é utilizada especialmente mas não exclusivamente no sentido existencial ou ontológico. Na busca de certo nível de segurança em sua nova pátria, eles e seus descendentes construíram, reproduziram, desconstruiram e reconstruíram suas identidades coletiva e individual. Mostra-se como a religião ressaltou entre os recursos transnacionais utilizados, junto com a cultura e a língua pomeranas.In the 19th century, many people from various rural areas in Germany migrated to Brazil. Several contingents from Eastern Pomerania (now North-West Poland settled in the state of Espírito Santo. In majority they were members of the Lutheran church. In this chapter the question is discussed how their religion helped these immigrants to maintain a satisfying level of security. The term security is especially but not only taken in the existential or ontological sense. Seeking some degree of security in the new homeland, these migrants and their descendants constructed, reproduced, deconstructed and reconstructed their collective and individual identities. Religion is shown to have been prominent among the transnational resources they used, alongside Pomeranian culture and language.

  20. Etiology of liver cirrhosis in Brazil: chronic alcoholism and hepatitis viruses in liver cirrhosis diagnosed in the state of Espfrito Santo

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    Patricia Lofego Goncalves

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To report the etiology of liver cirrhosis cases diagnosed at the University Hospital in Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: The medical charts of patients with liver cirrhosis who presented to the University Hospital in Vitoria were reviewed. Chronic alcoholism and the presence of hepatitis B or C infections (HBV and HCV, respectively were pursued in all cases. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 1,516 cases (male:female ratio 3.5:1, aged 53.2±12.6 years. The following main etiological factors were observed: chronic alcoholism alone (39.7%, chronic alcoholism in association with HBV or HCV (16.1 %, HCV alone (14.5% and in association with alcoholism (8.6% (total, 23.1 %, and HBV alone (13.1% and in association with alcoholism (7.5%, total 20.6%. The remaining etiologies included cryptogenic cases (9.8% and other causes (6.0%. The mean patient age was lower and the male-to-female ratio was higher in the cirrhosis cases that were associated with alcoholism or HBV compared with other causes. Intravenous drug abuse and a history of surgery or blood transfusion were significantly associated with HCV infection. Hepatocellular carcinoma was present at the time of diagnosis in 15.4% of cases. Chronic alcoholism associated with HCV infection was significantly associated (p<0.001 with reduced age (at the time of cirrhosis diagnosis and increased prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma (p = 0.052. CONCLUSION: Alcoholism, HCV and HBV are the main factors associated with liver cirrhosis in the state of Espirito Santo. Chronic alcoholism associated with HCV infection reduced the age of patients at the time of liver cirrhosis diagnosis.