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Sample records for santo domingo formation

  1. [Haitian migration to Santo Domingo].

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    Latortue, P R

    1985-01-01

    This work examines the history of Haitian migration to the Dominican Republic, the central role of Haitian migration in Dominican society, working conditions of Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic, and the relationship of the migration to economic development on the island of Hispaniola. Lack of data, the difficulty of measuring illegal movement, and the problem of defining Haitians in Santo Domingo have impeded understanding of migration to the Dominican Republic. It is believed by many authorities that Haitian migration to Santo Domingo is considerable and perhaps exceeds that to the US. Haitian migration to the Dominican Republic began after 1915 with the fall of the Haitian president, a worsening of economic conditions partly caused by stagnation in the agricultural sector, and the newly dominant role of the US in Haitian economic affairs. The Great Depression of the 1930s was a direct antecedent of the massacre of Haitians by Dominican police in which some 30 thousand persons were killed; the economic recession of the early 1980s has also caused an outburst of antiHaitian feeling in the Dominican Republic although 80% of laborers in the sugar industry are Haitians. Sugar is extremely important to the Dominican economy: in 1974, sugar covered 12% of cultivated land, produced 40% of foreign exchange earnings, and was responsable for 21% of taxable income. Dominicans however refuse to work in sugar plantations under the current technological. conditions and wage system. Although the government periodically demands the Dominicanization of the sugar work force, no such changes have been made. Sugar will probably continue to play a decisive role in the generation of foreign exchange despite introduction of more technologically advanced sectors which benefit from better prices in the international market. Possibilities of mechanizing sugar production in the Dominican Republic appear remote, and failure to modernize an important sector of the economy has

  2. Geological setting and paleomagnetism of the Eocene red beds of Laguna Brava Formation (Quebrada Santo Domingo, northwestern Argentina)

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    Vizán, H.; Geuna, S.; Melchor, R.; Bellosi, E. S.; Lagorio, S. L.; Vásquez, C.; Japas, M. S.; Ré, G.; Do Campo, M.

    2013-01-01

    The red bed succession cropping out in the Quebrada Santo Domingo in northwestern Argentina had been for long considered as Upper Triassic-Lower Jurassic in age based on weak radiometric and paleontological evidence. Preliminary paleomagnetic data confirmed the age and opened questions about the nature of fossil footprints with avian features discovered in the section. Recently the stratigraphic scheme was reviewed with the identification of previously unrecognized discontinuities, and a radiometric dating obtained in a tuff, indicated an Eocene age for the Laguna Brava Formation and the fossil bird footprints, much younger than the previously assigned. We present a detailed paleomagnetic study interpreted within a regional tectonic and stratigraphic framework, looking for an explanation for the misinterpretation of the preliminary paleomagnetic data. The characteristic remanent magnetizations pass a tilt test and a reversal test. The main magnetic carrier is interpreted to be low Ti titanomagnetites and to a lesser extent hematite. The characteristic remanent magnetization would be essentially detrital. The obtained paleomagnetic pole (PP) for the Laguna Brava Formation has the following geographic coordinates and statistical parameters: N = 29, Lon. = 184.5° E, Lat. = 75.0° S, A95 = 5.6° and K = 23.7. When this PP is compared with another one with similar age obtained in an undeformed area, a declination anomaly is recognized. This anomaly can be interpreted as Laguna Brava Formation belonging to a structural block that rotated about 16° clockwise along a vertical axis after about 34 Ma. This block rotation is consistent with the regional tectonic framework, and would have caused the fortuitous coincidence of the PP with Early Jurassic poles. According to the interpreted magnetostratigraphic correlation, the Laguna Brava Formation would have been deposited during the Late Eocene with a mean sedimentation rate of about 1.4 cm per thousand years, probably in

  3. Santo Domingo Savio: un territorio reterritorializado

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    Jorge Ivu00E1n Ballesteros Toro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Santo Domingo Savio es un barrio de la Comuna Popular número 1,1 ubicado en el nororiente de la ciudad de Medellín (Antioquia, Colombia. Es un territorio formado a través de la ocupación marginal e ilegal de la tierra, que ha sido marcado por la violencia y la pobreza. El Estado, luego de años de abandono, ha implementado proyectos de desarrollo urbano que han generado infraestructura de transporte, espacio público y educación; proyectos que enmarcan la ciudad en el contexto de la competitividad. La actual dinámica territorial ha convertido esta comuna en un lugar atractivo para residentes y turistas, en un espacio reterritorializado por el Estado; además, ha transformado el lugar en un laboratorio de ciudad y en un modelo de renovación. Bajo este escenario, esta exploración pretende visualizar la territorialidad que en el transcurso del tiempo han tenido los diferentes actores en este espacio.

  4. Producción alfarera en Santo Domingo de los Olleros (Huarochirí - Lima

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    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available LA PRODUCTION DE POTERIE À SANTO DOMINGO DE LOS OLLEROS (HUAROCHIRÍ - LIMA. Cet article presente en détails le processus de production de poterie au sein du village de Santo Domingo de los Olleros. Vu ses caractéristiques, ce village est un cas idoine pour réaliser une étude ethnographique sur la céramique avec une perspective archéologique. Les questions sont posées par rapport au contexte dynamique (actuel, néanmoins nous portons notre attention sur les vestiges matériels du processus, c’est à dire ceux qui demeurent : les gisements d’argile, les produits, l’outillage et l’atelier. Este artículo presenta en detalle el proceso de producción alfarera en el pueblo de Santo Domingo de los Olleros. Dadas sus características este poblado resulta un caso idóneo para realizar una etnografía alfarera a partir de una perspectiva arqueológica. Los interrogantes son planteados al contexto dinámico (presente, pero la atención está centrada en las evidencias materiales del proceso, en aquellas que suelen perdurar: los yacimientos arcillosos, los productos, los artefactos y el taller. THE POTTERY’S PRODUCTION IN SANTO DOMINGO DE LOS OLLEROS (HUAROCHIRÍ - LIMA. This article presents in detail the pottery’s production process in the town of Santo Domingo de los Olleros. Due to its characteristics, this little village results a suitable case to make a ceramic etnography with an archaeological perspective. The questions are made to the dinamic context (present but the attention is focused on the material evidences of the process, those that normally remain: the clay sources, the products, the artifacts and the workshop.

  5. La vida de Santo Domingo de Silos: onirocrítica y semántica

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    González, Javier Roberto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available We study the prophetic vision of Santo Domingo de Silos in Gonzalo de Berceo’s Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos, with the aim of: a analysing the text according to categories of prophecy, vision and dream in medieval christian culture; b analysing the configuration of oniric images as an allegorical discourse; c given the limits of allegorical semantics, interpreting those symbolic images characterized by prophetical obscuritas in the light of Grimaldus’ Vita Beati Dominici, source of Berceo’s Vida, and also in the light of medieval tradition of Other World visions and general chromatic an arithmetical symbolism, in order to establish semantic innovations and the proper meanning of Berceo’s text.Estudiamos la visión profética de Santo Domingo de Silos en la Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos de Gonzalo de Berceo, con el objeto de: a analizar el texto según las categorías de profecía, visión y sueño vigentes en la cultura cristiana medieval; b analizar la configuración de las imágenes oníricas como discurso alegórico; c dados los límites de la semántica alegórica, interpretar aquellas imágenes simbólicas caracterizadas por la obscuritas profética a la luz de la Vita Beati Dominici de Grimaldo, fuente de la Vida de Berceo, y también a la luz de la tradición medieval de las visiones de trasmundo y del simbolismo general cromático y aritmético, en orden al establecimiento de las innovaciones semánticas y con ellas del recto sentido del texto de Berceo.

  6. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bronchial Asthma in Children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

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    Mejias, Stephanie G; Ramphul, Kamleshun

    2018-02-20

    Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years. The prevalence of asthma and its associated risk factors such as birth order, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to pets at home, exposure to tobacco smoke, and source of fuel used at home were collected. The relevant data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 24.0. (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) software. Results The prevalence of asthma was found to be 22.0%. Age, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to tobacco smoke, and birth order showed statistical significance. The source of fuel used at home, gender, and exposure to pets were not statistically significant to be considered as risk factors associated with asthma in the population studied. Conclusion With an asthma prevalence of 22.0% in the pediatric population, the Dominican Republic has one of the highest national rates of asthma in the pediatric population in Latin America. Proper education, screening, and prevention can help lower the burden of this disease economically and socially.

  7. Plan comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y participación de mercado de la empresa ALVESA, ubicada en la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.

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    Alvarado Muñoz, Héctor Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Se elaboró un Plan Comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y la participación en el mercado de los productos que distribuye la empresa ALVESA, ubicada de la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas. Se realizó un profundo análisis sobre la situación actual de la empresa para identificar los problemas que afectan los factores antes mencionados, determinándose así que no existe un proceso comunicacional adecuado que posibilite el fortalecimiento de la...

  8. Salida de campo a Santo Domingo de Silos, en Burgos, el 14 de septiembre de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Santo Domingo de Silos, en Burgos, el 14 de septiembre de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre cangrejos, los siguientes peces: "Foxinellus sp." y Trucha (Salmo trutta o Oncorhynchus mykiss), los siguientes mamíferos: Bos taurus (Vaca), Capra aegagrus hircus (Cabra doméstica) y Galemys pyrenaicus (Desmán pirenaico), y las siguientes aves: Aquila sp. (Águila), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Colorín y Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Carduelis carduel...

  9. Una encrucijada incierta. Independentismo, anexionismo y abolición de la esclavitud en Santo Domingo, 1809-1821.

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Luis Belmonte Postigo

    2015-01-01

    La reintegración de Santo Domingo a la Monarquía española tuvo serias dificultades que amenazaron el asentamiento del sistema colonial español. La compleja situación política de la península, y la extensión del movimiento insurgente en los territorios continentales, supusieron obstáculos que imposibilitaron la remisión de los recursos que Santo Domingo demandaba. En mitad del marasmo económico, el auge de las ideas indepe...

  10. Tabaco y desarrollo económico en Santo Domingo (siglo XVIII

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    Gutiérrez Escudero, Antonio

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A mediados del siglo XVIII el estanco del tabaco suponía una importante fuente de recursos para la Corona, de ahí el interés por su implantación en todos los territorios americanos posibles. Con este fin, en 1763 se creaba una factoría en Santo Domingo dada la excelente calidad del tabaco dominicano. Sobre ambos temas en el presente artículo se realiza un análisis de sus antecedentes, génesis y desarrollo, se relaciona una serie de ingresos y gastos derivados del funcionamiento de la factoría y se incluye un apéndice documental como un ejemplo de las partidas de tabaco adquiridas a los cosecheros para su embarque a la Península.

  11. Una encrucijada incierta. Independentismo, anexionismo y abolición de la esclavitud en Santo Domingo, 1809-1821.

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    Jose Luis Belmonte Postigo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La reintegración de Santo Domingo a la Monarquía española tuvo serias dificultades que amenazaron el asentamiento del sistema colonial español. La compleja situación política de la península, y la extensión del movimiento insurgente en los territorios continentales, supusieron obstáculos que imposibilitaron la remisión de los recursos que Santo Domingo demandaba. En mitad del marasmo económico, el auge de las ideas independentistas cobró cada vez mayor relevancia, dando lugar a toda una serie de conspiraciones inspiradas en dos modelos, el caraqueño y el haitiano, que pretendían el establecimiento de un nuevo modelo político y que observaba de manera disímil el mantenimiento de la esclavitud.

  12. Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards in Urban Systems. An Application in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic

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    Eleonora Giovene di Girasole

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of risk has become increasingly complex, and has been used not only in relation to the natural features of a region, but also to its socio-economic context. In this conceptualization, the latter directly influences the capacity of a community to cope with, recover from, and adapt to natural hazards. Conceiving vulnerability as a measure of a socio-ecological system’s resilience, and at the same time, as a multidimensional variable that changes in space and time, makes the study of the different ways in which natural hazards impact on society all the more urgent. This is particularly true for developing countries, where risk related to natural hazards affects populations and areas that must deal with stress conditions, such as humanitarian, social and military emergencies. This article presents a methodology for the analysis of social vulnerability, defined and experimented in the context of the international cooperation project “Estudio de la amenaza sísmica y vulnerabilidad física del Gran Santo Domingo”. The methodology, implemented through the employment of a Geographic Information System, led to the elaboration of a “Social Vulnerability Index” and a “Social Vulnerability Map”. These seek to describe the current condition of vulnerability of the city of Santo Domingo de Guzmán (Distrito Nacional in the Dominican Republic (DR, and are used to define context-related vulnerability scenarios, as well as to indicate the adequate set of mitigation objectives and actions. The results highlight the importance of using social vulnerability study as the point of departure for defining seismic-risk mitigation policies, emergency management, and territorial planning in order to reduce the impacts of disasters.

  13. The triple spiral staircase in the Convent of Santo Domingo de Bonaval (Santiago of Compostela, Spain: design and construction hypothesis

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    M. C. Fernández Cabo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available By 1700 Domingo de Andrade, at that time master builder of the Santiago de Compostela cathedral (North-west of Spain, built a unique spiral staircase in the Santo Domingo de Bonaval’s Convent, on the outskirts of the city. This paper provides a construction process hypothesis based on the available knowledge and technical resources at that time, involving the geometry, layout, stonework of the steps and their positioning on the site. A 1:5 scale model has been made to demonstrate that the staircase could have been built with no scaffolding at all. That would have meant for Andrade, architect and builder, an important cost reduction. Moreover been a masterpiece with an undeniable show of prowess, it is quite possible that economic reasons had driven the master to this bold design.

  14. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Santo Domingo Pueblo in Sandoval County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geiger, J.; Lisell, L.; Mosey, G.

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Pueblo of Santo Domingo in Sandoval County, New Mexico, for a renewable energy production feasibility study. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess specific areas on the Pueblo for potential installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems and to estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. The report also recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of these PV systems.

  15. Circulating strains of Brucella abortus in cattle in the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas - Ecuador.

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    Richar Ivan Rodríguez Hidalgo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In Ecuador, the Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas represents the largest informal market of livestock due to its strategic position in the country; thus, given the high mobility of cattle in this region, the aim of this study was to determine the strain variation of Brucella sp.. Part of the study was the isolation, biotyping and genotyping of Brucella species isolated from milk and supra-mammary lymph nodes of sero-positive bovines. Protocols used for isolation, biotyping and genotyping of Brucella species were selective Farrell medium, biochemical assays and IS711-PCR, AMOS-PCR and HOOF-Prints techniques, respectively. In total, 656 animals from sero-positive dairy herds and from the slaughterhouse of the province were diagnosed by Rose Bengal and Wright’s Slow Agglutination test with EDTA. From these animals, 50 animals were found sero-positive for brucellosis. Twenty-five lymph nodes and 25 milk samples from each group of positive reactors were cultured and growth. Isolation was possible in 4 (16% and 9 (36%, respectively; and of these, 10 isolates were diagnosed as Brucella sp. All 4 isolates of lymphatic tissue corresponded to Brucella abortus biotype 1, confirmed as field strains by molecular analysis. Milk isolations, biochemically showed a more dispersed pattern in which B. abortus biotypes 1 and 4 were found; yet four samples gave a pattern similar to B. abortus biotype 2; however, only biotypes 1 and 4 were confirmed by molecular analysis. The concordance between biochemical and molecular diagnostic tests reached 76.9%.

  16. El tratamiento del Patrimonio Cultural desde una metodología arqueológica en obras de trazado lineal: la construcción de la autopista Santiago-Alto de Santo Domingo (Galicia) como ejemplo

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    Prieto-Martínez, M. Pilar; Blanco-Rotea, Rebeca; Aboal-Fernández, Roberto; Ayán Vila, Xurxo; Criado-Boado, Felipe

    2002-01-01

    [ES] Se presenta una síntesis del trabajo arqueológico de Seguimiento que está siendo llevado a cabo en las obras de la Autopista Santiago-Alto de Santo Domingo (de empresa constructora Dozón UTE). El trabajo arqueológico se inició en enero de 2001, y está previsto que sea finalizado a principios de 2003. Este trabajo forma parte del Plan de Corrección de Impacto Arqueológico de las obras. El tramo Santiago-Alto de Santo Domingo, de 36,600 km de longitud, ofrece un transepto muy significat...

  17. Diagnostic Evaluation of the School-Community Relationship: a Case of a School in Santo Domingo del Roble de Santa Bárbara de Heredia, Costa Rica

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    Andrea Ramírez-González

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a participative diagnostic evaluation from a qualitative approach regarding the relationship between a primary school in Santo Domingo del Roble de Santa Bárbara de Heredia, Costa Rica and the community. The study included the participation of four teachers from upper and lower levels, as well as five parents, who are also part of two school committees, Patronato Escolar, in charge of overseeing school funds and Junta Educativa, in charge of overseeing educational matters. Some structural aspects that were considered included the curricular guidelines established by the Ministry of Public Education in regards to this topic, as well as practical teaching procedural aspects related to the communication between the school, the family and the community and school participation in rural community development projects, as an educational institution that offers and participates in formal and informal education activities and promotes community gathering by providing the facilities and resources for their improvement. Information was obtained through qualitative techniques, such as in-depth interviews and discussion groups. Data was analyzed based on three categories: professional formation, institutional outreach, and educational practice. It was concluded that the school lacks a community diagnostic or an institutional educational project that would allow for the development of concrete actions to address school and community needs. In addition, the school, represented by its teachers as leading figures, is required to participate in the organization and development of school and community projects. Teachers’ participation in the rural community is characterized by qualities, attitudes and values such as teaching vocation, leadership, organization, commitment, transparency, trust, humanism, and identification with the rural community.

  18. Juego de intereses en la demolición del Convento y de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Bogotá, 1939-1947

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    Liliana Rueda Cáceres

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La demolición del antiguo convento Santo Domingo, en abril de 1939, generó la fragmentación de la manzana urbana que había ocupado por más de trescientos años. ¿Qué consecuencias adicionales conllevó este fraccionamiento? El artículo se centra en el análisis de los movimientos de finca raíz que se dieron en la “nueva” manzana que apareció con la demolición de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo, siete años después de haber sido derribado el convento; este hecho urbano evidenció la existencia de unos juegos de intereses. El marco teórico y metodológico para analizar este caso se basa en la historia urbana, la que observa a la ciudad como un producto social y en la que el plano se constituye en una herramienta de reflexión. Se concluye que el antiguo convento, más que un inconveniente para la “modernización” de la ciudad, era realmente un obstáculo para la densificación y rentabilidad de ese sector, que se había desarrollado anárquicamente y sin el debido control y regulación de las entidades a cargo.

  19. La iglesia de Santo Domingo de La Iruela (Jaén. Excavación y Arqueología de la arquitectura

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    Salvatierra Cuenca, Vicente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we present the results of the archaeological interventions carried out in the church of Santo Domingo in La Iruela, Jaén. The excavations revealed that, prior to the present building constructed in the 16th century, there was another one that may also have had religious functions. The stratigraphic analysis permit knowing that the entire building was constructed at once, although the materials of the apse and the naves were very different; which allows for different interpretations. However, it has been proved that the deterioration of the building began between the seventeenth and the eighteenth century. The last stage is represented by the desecration and its use as a cemetery, which has caused important damages on the faces.En este artículo presentamos los resultados de la intervención arqueológica efectuada en la iglesia de Santo Domingo de La Iruela (Jaén. Las excavaciones han permitido comprobar que antes del edificio actual, levantado en el siglo XVI, existió otro, que quizá también tuvo funciones religiosas. El análisis estratigráfico de los restos emergentes ha demostrado que el último edificio se construyó en un solo momento, aunque se emplearon materiales muy diferentes en la cabecera y en las naves, lo que abre la puerta a diversas interpretaciones. Por otra parte se ha comprobado que entre los siglos XVII y XVIII debió comenzar el deterioro del edificio. La última fase viene representada por su desacralización y uso como cementerio, acción que ha provocado graves daños en sus paramentos.

  20. USO DE ENZIMAS EN LA CRÍA Y ENGORDE DE POLLOS BROILERS EN ÉPOCA LLUVIOSA EN LAS LOCALIDADES DE QUEVEDO, SALCEDO Y SANTO DOMINGO DE LOS COLORADOS

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    Ricardo Luna Murillo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de evaluar el uso de enzimas comerciales Ronozyme, SSF, VegPro e Hyboteck (Yucca schidigera en la cría y engorde de pollos broilers en época lluviosa se estableció un ensayo en tres provincias: Los Ríos (Quevedo, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas (Santo Domingo de los Colorados y Cotopaxi (Salcedo, utilizando un total de 1,440 aves de línea Hubbard (480 por localidad. Se empleó un Diseño Completamente al Azar, con cuatro tratamientos (enzimas y seis repeticiones con 20 pollos como unidad experimental. Las variables evaluadas fueron: consumo de alimento (g, ganancia de peso (g, conversión alimenticia, rendimiento a la canal (%, relación Costo/Beneficio y análisis bromatológicos de las canales. Se observó que los mayores consumo de alimento en las tres localidades se presentó con Hyboteck, (5,181.21; 6,713.42 y 5,680.37 g; la mejor ganancia de peso se observó con VegPro en Quevedo (2,543.34 g, SSF Santo Domingo de los Colorados (3,497.83 g e Hyboteck en Salcedo (2,286.08 g, la conversión más eficiente se reportó con Ronozyme en Quevedo (1.76, SSF en Santo Domingo de los Colorados (1.88, y VegPro en Salcedo (2.55. La mayor relación costo / beneficio se presentó con SSF en las localidades de Santo Domingo de los Colorados (0.10 y Salcedo (0.21 mientras en Quevedo la mejor fue Ronozyme (0.26. El mejor valor proteico de las canales de pollos se reportaron en las localidades de Quevedo y Salcedo con Ronozyme (26.05 y 22.80% respectivamente, y para la localidad de Santo Domingo de los Colorados fue con SSF (25.35% de proteína.

  1. Desarrollo de un sistema prototipo de control para mezclado y monitoreo del proceso de fumigación manual en plantaciones de cacao de la comuna Flor del Valle - Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas

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    Molina Puma, Diego Armando

    2016-01-01

    Through developing this project a prototype control system for the benefit in the process of manual spraying cocoa plantations Flower Valley Commune of the Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas implemented. This project will help small farmers in the area to achieve dose correctly, health care, minimize the risk for contamination with agrochemicals and waste there of which affect the environment and to their environment. This prototype control system has two parts: the ...

  2. Local Site Characterization Using HVSR, ReMi, and SPAC, Study Case: Soccer Field At Autonomous University of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

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    Upegui Botero, F. M.; Rojas Mercedes, N.; Huerta-Lopez, C.; Martinez-Cruzado, J. A.; Suárez, L.; Lopez, A. M.; Huerfano Moreno, V.

    2013-12-01

    Earthquake effects are frequently quantified by the energy liberated at the source, and the degree of damage produced in urban areas. The damage of historic events such as the Mw=8.3, September 19, 1985 Mexico City Earthquake was dominated by the amplification of seismic waves due to local site conditions. The assessment of local site effects can be carried out with site response analyses in order to determine the properties of the subsoil such as the dominant period, and the Vs30. The evaluation of the aforementioned properties is through the analysis of ground motion. However, in locations with low seismicity, the most convenient method to assess the site effect is the analysis of ambient vibration measurements. The Spatial Auto Correlation method (SPAC) can be used to determine a Vs30 model from ambient vibration measurements using a triangular array of sensors. Refraction Microtremor (ReMi) considers the phase velocity of the Rayleigh waves can be separated of apparent velocities; the aim of the ReMI method is to obtain the Vs30 model. The HVSR technique or Nakamura's method has been adopted to obtain the resonant frequency of the site from the calculation of ratio between the Fourier amplitude spectra or PSD spectrum of the horizontal and vertical components of ambient vibration. The aim of this work is to compare the results using different techniques to assess local site conditions in the urban area of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The data used was collected during the Pan-American Advance Studies Institute (PASI), Workshop held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic from July 14 to 25, 2013. The PASI was sponsored by IRIS Consortium, NSF and DOE. Results obtained using SPAC, and ReMi, show a comparable model of surface waves velocities. In addition to the above, the HVSR method is combined with the stiffness matrices method for layered soils to calculate a model of velocities and the predominant period on the site. As part of this work a comparison with

  3. Actitudes lingüísticas en República Dominicana. Conciencia e identidad lingüísticas en la ciudad de Santo Domingo

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    Glennys Miguelina Serverino Cerda

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Santo Domingo hacia al español de la República Dominicana y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 401 personas, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los resultados muestran el nivel de identificación que tienen los dominicanos sobre su dialecto, el cual es bajo, ya que solo se prefiere ante circunstancias especiales justificadas por la necesidad de comunicarse y de que el mensaje llegue correctamente. Asimismo se observa que los capitalinos prefieren la propia variante de español y luego las de España, Colombia y Venezuela, pero también se identifican con el habla de los países caribeños vecinos, especialmente con el habla cubana. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish-speakers from Santo Domingo towards Spanish spoken in the Dominican Republic and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital, interviewing a stratified sample of 401 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results demonstrate the limited extent to which Dominicans identify with their dialect, as they prefer it only under particular circumstances justified by the necessity of communicating and in order to make sure to get the message correctly across. Similarly the observation was made that people from the capital prefer their own variant of Spanish and thereafter those of Spain, Colombia and

  4. Nutrient critical levels and availability in soils cultivated with peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth. in Santo Domingo de Los Tsáchilas, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Julio Quezada Crespo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ecuador is the most important exporter of canned peach palm, however, to date ideal soil fertility characteristics for peach palm growers remain unknown. The aim of this research was to determine optimal levels of soil nutrients for the cultivation of peach palm, specifically with regards to soil cation exchange capacity in order to obtain higher yields. We worked with 20 farmsteads and their soils from the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas during the second half of 2014. Fields were evaluated based on a relative yield and extractable (modified Olsen nutrient contents in each soil were determined using regression modeling to determine critical levels of each nutrient and specifically to determine the ideal soil cation exchange capacity under peach palm cultivation. Our analysis established critical levels of soil pH (6.3; OM 6.5%; P 12.3 mg.dm-3; K 0.67 cmol.dm-3 K; Ca 5.1 cmol.dm-3 ; Mg 0.97 cmol.dm-3; and S 7.5 mg.dm-3. The ideal Ca: Mg: K soil cation exchange capacity was determined to be 76:14:10.

  5. Ciudad Colonial de Santo Domingo, Primada de América. Estado de la cuestión del patrimonio cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlyn Matos Cruz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism provides tools to create differentiated tourism products; especially in consolidated sun and sand destinations where it can complement the existing offer or contribute to the renewal of the image of the destination. From this concept develops this article; whose main objective is to present the current situation of the cultural heritage of the Colonial City of Santo Domingo; Dominican Republic. By using an inductive-deductive method with mixed approach and an analytical-descriptive typology; an inventory and an evaluation form of the resources and cultural attractions of the area were applied simultaneously. Before fieldwork; an exploratory study was conducted which allowed to know the information regarding on historical data; social aspects and the main activities of the city. The results of this research provide an overall picture of the city as a World Heritage Site; show its tourism potential and highlights the need for the inclusion of the intangible cultural heritage in the concepts used to create mediation tools to enhance the value of the tourism product and support the collective memory.

  6. Socio-hydrological resilience of an arid aquifer system, subject to changing climate and inadequate agricultural management: A case study from the Valley of Santo Domingo, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurl, Jobst; Gámez, Alba E.; Ivanova, Antonina; Imaz Lamadrid, Miguel A.; Hernández-Morales, Pablo

    2018-04-01

    Mismanagement has caused the overexploitation of one third of the major aquifers in Mexico, mainly due to excessive water extraction for agricultural irrigation. Santo Domingo (Baja California Sur, in northern Mexico, where agriculture absorbs nearly 80% of water) is the only aquifer in the Mexico where, after a period of overexploitation, equality between extraction and recharge rates was achieved, although this has not meant the securement of long-term water availability. This paper offers an analysis of hydrological resilience of a water-limited arid ecosystem under future extraction scenarios and changing climate conditions. A regional groundwater flow model is proposed using MODFLOW software. Then, different indicators were modeled as outcomes of coupled human-water systems to predict water trajectories under different human impacts. The aim was to recognize water insecurity scenarios and define appropriate actions to a more sustainable use of this scarce resource in the region. Thus, although runoff derived from extreme floods may favor infiltration, the involvement of local stakeholders and decision makers to reverse the adverse impacts of current water management and climate change is imperative if water availability and better quality are to be secured.

  7. La revitalización del Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo: estudio y análisis de las leyes y políticas públicas del patrimonio histórico y cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Grace Mateo Rosario; Maria Letícia Mazzucchi Ferreira

    2016-01-01

    La República Dominicana actualmente representa un gran atractivo turístico en el Caribe. El país es conocido por poseer bellas playas y reservas naturales, clima tropical agradable y numerosos lugares de interés histórico, ecológico y cultural. El área de estudio que tiene la identidad y herencia cultural en su máxima expresión, se encuentra localizada en el Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo, una ciudad que tiene una combinación de viviendas y edificaciones históricas de los primeros asentami...

  8. “The Shame of the Nation”: The Force of Re-Enslavement and the Law of “Slavery” under the Regime of Jean-Louis Ferrand in Santo Domingo, 1804-1809

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Nessler

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available From 1804 to 1809, the slaveholding Napoleonic regime of General Jean-Louis Ferrand attempted to erase the gains of the era of French Republican emancipation (1793-1802 by re-enslaving thousands of individuals in Santo Domingo (modern Dominican Republic. This article examines the aims and methods of the Ferrand regime, situating it within the contexts of the birth of independent Haiti and the resurgence of institutionalized racism and slavery in the French world. Using governmental correspondence, notarial acts, and other sources, I argue that those targeted by Ferrand’s racist laws and efforts to re-impose slavery devised innovative means of carving out their own versions of freedom. The article centers on the ways in which “slaves” and colonial officials negotiated the meanings of slavery in a context in which the institution’s legality was unclear.

  9. La paradoja del monumento histórico o de la demolición del antiguo convento de Santo Domingo en Santafé de Bogotá. 1939-1947.

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    Liliana Rueda Cáceres

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Bogotá de 1939 el antiguo convento de Santo Domingo, erigido en el siglo XVI y ocupado a partir del siglo XIX por la oficina de Correos y Telégrafos y otras dependencias oficiales, era uno de los últimos representantes en pie de la que había sido una verdadera “infraestructura de lo religioso” de la ciudad colonial. Este texto se centra en corroborar si en efecto el antiguo convento era un elemento representativo de una época, de una sociedad y de una tipología arquitectónica, condiciones que bien hubieran podido haberle garantizado su permanencia en calidad de monumento histórico y no como paradójicamente ocurrió, que antes bien, todas estas condiciones lo que contribuyeron fue a propugnar por su demolición.

  10. Biopolítica colonial, gestión de la población y modernización borbónica en Santo Domingo. El proyecto de Pedro Catani (1788

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    Carlos Jáuregui

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el “Informe del oidor Pedro Catani (1788” sobre la economía de Santo Domingo, el mejoramiento de su agricultura y el dominio y gobierno de sectores de la población fuera del sistema de extracción colonial del trabajo. Dicho texto, representativo del fallido proceso de modernización borbónica de la economía dominicana de finales del siglo XVIII, despliega una racionalidad biopolítica de explotación y gobierno económico. Asimismo, propone la gestión colonial de la población; esto es, la transformación de las formas de vida insubordinada de la numerosa población rural de mulatos y negros libertos, para hacer de sus vidas-inútiles, vidas-productivas. This article analyzes the “Report written by the Oidor Pedro Catani (1788” regarding Santo Domingo’s economy, the development of its agriculture, and the domination and government of particular sectors of the population located outside the system of the colonial extraction of labor. Catani’s text—representative of the unsuccessful Bourbon modernization policies of the Dominican economy in the late eighteenth century—displays a biopolitical rationality of exploitation and economic governance. Furthermore, it proposes the colonial management and regulation of the population; that is, the transformation of the insubordinate forms-of-life of the large rural population of free blacks and mulattos in order to transform their idle lives into productive lives.

  11. A possible Echinococcus granulosus calcified cyst found in a medieval adult female from the churchyard of Santo Domingo de Silos (Prádena del Rincón, Madrid, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monge Calleja, Álvaro M; Sarkic, Natasa; López, Jesus Herrerín; Antunes, Wilson D T; Pereira, Manuel F C; Matos, António Pedro Alves de; Santos, Ana Luísa

    2017-03-01

    Calcification, or mineralisation, can occur as part of a natural process, or by pathological processes. The purpose of this work is to examine an unidentified semi-spherical and perforate hollow mass, found near the pelvis of an adult female, dated 12th-13th century AD, exhumed of the Church of Santo Domingo de Silos (Prádena del Ricón, Madrid, Spain). The mass was examined by SEM and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy. These procedures revealed a heterogeneous inner surface with both smooth and irregular areas. A larger spherical and several smaller crescent-shaped perforations were noticed. X-ray microanalysis revealed the presence of the elements C, K, P, Ca, Al, Si, Fe, and Mg. The co-localisation of Ca and P suggests that they may be combined in a mineral matrix, likely formed in vivo. Other minerals probably came from the soil, although Fe could be related to the presence of blood. The macroscopic and microscopic appearances, chemical composition, and location of the calcified mass point to a possible hydatid cyst from Echinococcus granulosus, common in agricultural populations. This study used a suite of analytical techniques that are useful in the diagnosis of unknown calcified masses and can, therefore, be recommended for use in future analytical work. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Santo Domingo de la Calzada - Silos - Compostela. Las representaciones del «Árbol de Jesé» en el tardorrománico hispano: particularidades iconográficas

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    Poza Yagüe, Marta

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Hace ya algunos años, y al retirar para su restauración el magnífico retablo de Damián Forment que presidía el altar mayor de la catedral de Santo Domingo de la Calzada, aparecieron decorando los frentes de los cuatro soportes centrales de la girola una serie de placas relivarias de fines del siglo XII que, siguiendo el trazado de las aristas del polígono del presbiterio, se elevan desde la base de las pilastras hasta traspasar la línea de imposta que marca la transición entre el cuerpo de ventanas y la zona de la tribuna. La decoración de estas placas alterna los motivos vegetales en las pilastras primera y tercera con la talla de figuras monumentales en la segunda y cuarta. El descubrimiento es de vital importancia no sólo por la elevada calidad técnica de las esculturas, sino por las particularidades iconográficas que presenta el tema allí representado.…

  13. “Desarrollo de liderazgo en los adolescentes de primera generación en la parroquia de Santo Domingo Savio en Bellflower California, para el apoyo del proceso de evangelización en la iglesia católica”

    OpenAIRE

    Montenegro, Juan Carlos

    2013-01-01

    El desarrollo de liderazgo en los adolecentes de primera generación en la parroquia de Santo Domingo Savio, en Bellflower, California, para el apoyo del proceso de “evangelización en la Iglesia Católica” es un tema que, a parte de ser interesante, es bastante necesario para el futuro de la Iglesia en Estados Unidos de Norte América. En el año 2010, Estados Unidos contaba con 50?729.5701 hispanos, de los cuales el 62.9% fueron nacidos en este país; el 33.8% de hispanos son jóvenes menores de 1...

  14. Les systèmes de plantation d'un système d'hacienda. Etude sur la diversité des cultures et des mains-d'oeuvre dans trois grandes exploitations agricoles de la côte équatorienne (région de Santo Domingo de los Colorados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Comment fonctionnent les grandes plantations de Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, région côtière de l’équateur où la réforme agraire et la colonisation ont eu et continuent d’avoir un important impact foncier, démographique, social et agricole ? Après une brève délimitation théorique et géographique, nous répondrons à cette question à partir de l’étude monographique de trois haciendas. La description des combinaisons agricoles et des choix de main-d’œuvre de chacune illustrera la diversité des situations au sein d’une même zone agricole et la spécificité de chaque “système de plantation”. Par la suite, nous nous réfèrerons aux principaux processus fonciers, démographiques, sociaux et agricoles qui caractérisent la région depuis l’application de la loi de réforme agraire et le début officiel de la colonisation en 1964. Cette mise en perspective historique et régionale permettra d’analyser et de comprendre la logique des stratégies d’adaptation agricoles et sociales des trois haciendas étudiées préalablement. Elle contribuera aussi à expliquer leurs différences et à souligner leurs similarités. Enfin, elle permettra de présenter les spécificités du “système d’haciendas” de la région de Santo Domingo de Los Colorados. LOS SISTEMAS DE PLANTACIÓN DE UN SISTEMA DE HACIENDA: ESTUDIO SOBRE LA DIVERSIDAD DE LOS CULTIVOS Y DE LAS MANOS DE OBRA EN TRES GRANDES EXPLOTACIONES AGRÍCOLAS DE LA COSTA ECUATORIANA (REGIÓN DE SANTO DOMINGO DE LOS COLORADOS. ¿Cómo funcionan las haciendas grandes de Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, región costeña del Ecuador en donde la reforma agraria y la colonización tuvieron y todavía tienen un importante impacto agrario, demográfico, social y agrícola ? Después de haber delimitado teórica y geográficamente aquellas haciendas grandes de manera breve, contestaremos a esta pregunta a partir del estudio monográfico de tres de ellas. La descripción de las

  15. La revitalización del Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo: estudio y análisis de las leyes y políticas públicas del patrimonio histórico y cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Mateo Rosario

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La República Dominicana actualmente representa un gran atractivo turístico en el Caribe. El país es conocido por poseer bellas playas y reservas naturales, clima tropical agradable y numerosos lugares de interés histórico, ecológico y cultural. El área de estudio que tiene la identidad y herencia cultural en su máxima expresión, se encuentra localizada en el Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo, una ciudad que tiene una combinación de viviendas y edificaciones históricas de los primeros asentamientos Europeos, la cual fue declarada por la UNESCO como Patrimonio de la Humanidad. La característica de ser patrimonio de la humanidad fue construida por medio de prácticas de patrimonialización (conservación, valorización y restauración con foco principal en la promoción y gestión de actividades comercial-turístico-educativo. Teniendo en cuenta ese potencial y sus problemas de orden social, político y económico el presente artículo tiene por objetivo central, identificar y analizar las leyes y políticas públicas de intervención y su respectiva protección de los bienes culturales, patrimonializados por las acciones administrativas del Estado, y su representación espectacular. El estudio y análisis de esas leyes necesita de un enfoque interdisciplinar y pretende ser un útil aporte para el tema complejo de la evaluación de las leyes y políticas públicas patrimoniales. Investigar y debatir teóricamente esos datos nos permite componer un conjunto de resultados críticos acerca de la actualización de las leyes patrimoniales del país.

  16. La revitalización del Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo: estudio y análisis de las leyes y políticas públicas del patrimonio histórico y cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Mateo Rosario

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La República Dominicana actualmente representa un gran atractivo turístico en el Caribe. El país es conocido por poseer bellas playas y reservas naturales, clima tropical agradable y numerosos lugares de interés histórico, ecológico y cultural. El área de estudio que tiene la identidad y herencia cultural en su máxima expresión, se encuentra localizada en el Centro Histórico de Santo Domingo, una ciudad que tiene una combinación de viviendas y edificaciones históricas de los primeros asentamientos Europeos, la cual fue declarada por la UNESCO como Patrimonio de la Humanidad. La característica de ser patrimonio de la humanidad fue construida por medio de prácticas de patrimonialización (conservación, valorización y restauración con foco principal en la promoción y gestión de actividades comercial-turístico-educativo. Teniendo en cuenta ese potencial y sus problemas de orden social, político y económico, el presente artículo tiene por objetivo central de identificar y analizar las leyes y políticas públicas de intervención y su respectiva protección de los bienes culturales, patrimonializados por las acciones administrativas del Estado, y su representación espectacular. El estudio y análisis de esas leyes necesita de un enfoque interdisciplinar y pretende ser un útil aporte para el tema complejo de la evaluación de las leyes y políticas públicas patrimoniales. Investigar y debatir teóricamente esos datos nos permite componer un conjunto de resultados críticos acerca de la actualización de las leyes patrimoniales del país.

  17. Paleomagnetism of the Todos Santos Formation in the Maya Block, Chiapas, Mexico: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez-Urban, A.; Molina-Garza, R. S.; Iriondo, A.; Geissman, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Preliminary results of a paleomagnetic study on jurassic volcanic rocks (U-Pb 188.8 +/- 3.2Ma) locally interbedded with red beds assigned to the Todos Santos Formation, sampled in the Homoclinal Tectonic Province of the Neogene Fold Belt, Chiapas-Mexico, reveal multi component magnetizations acquired during pre- and post- folding of these rocks. The samples responded well to thermal demagnetization, but not so to AF demagnetization, suggesting that a high coercivity mineral phase like hematite is the main remanence carrier. The post-folding B-component direction of Dec=174.3 Inc=-30.6 (k=46; alpha95=13.6; N=4) represents a recent Tertiary? overprint; while the pre-folding C-component direction of Dec=329.9 Inc=7.8 (k=12.5; alpha95=16.3; N=8) is in agreement with a previously reported small data set for the Todos Santos Formation. When compared to the North American reference direction (Jurassic Kayenta Formation) the observed direction indicates a counterclockwise rotation of 35.9 +/- 16.6 degrees, and moderate north to south latitudinal displacement. If a reference pole from NE North America is used, the amount of counterclockwise rotation and latitudinal displacement are both slightly reduced. If the assumption that Jurassic strata in Chiapas reflect displacement of the Maya Block, then these data are consistent with reconstructions of the Maya Block in the Gulf of Mexico region. Other sites sampled in Jurassic strata suggest that in addition to the interpreted regional rotation, local (vertical-axis) rotations may have affected the region in more recent times.

  18. [The long journey of Milton Santos's exile and the formation of his network of cooperation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrosa, Breno Viotto

    2018-01-01

    Based on an analysis of letters from the Milton Santos collection, the article revisits his journey through exile and shows how he contributed to solidifying the field of critical geography. It also pinpoints elements that reveal the genesis of his intellectual network, which involved thinkers from France, the United States, and Latin America. Focusing on the contexts of his exile, the article links his experiences outside Brazil to new scientific interests and the formation of an international circle of cooperation. Secondarily, it provides evidence of his concern with planning. It is found that his interest in the group of Pierre George and François Perroux was followed by a critical stance that moved him toward dialogue with Marxist philosophy and structuralism.

  19. Apatite Fission-Track Analysis of the Middle Jurassic Todos Santos Formation from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullin, Fanis; Solé, Jesús; Shchepetilnikova, Valentina; Solari, Luigi; Ortega-Obregón, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    The Sierra de Chiapas (SCH), located in the south of Mexico, is a complex geological province that can be divided on four different lithological or tectonic areas: (1) the Chiapas Massif Complex (CMC); (2) the Central Depression; (3) the Strike-slip Fault Province, and (4) the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt. The CMC mostly consists of Permian granitoids and meta-granitoids, and represents the basement of the SCH. During the Jurassic period red beds and salt were deposited on this territory, related to the main pulse of rifting and opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Most of the Cretaceous stratigraphy contains limestones and dolomites deposited on a marine platform setting during the postrift stage of the Gulf of Mexico rift. During the Cenozoic Era took place the major clastic sedimentation along the SCH. According the published low-temperature geochronology data (Witt et al., 2012), SCH has three main phases of thermo-tectonic history: (1) slow exhumation between 35 and 25 Ma, that affected mainly the basement (CMC) and is probably related to the migration of the Chortís block; (2) fast exhumation during the Middle-Late Miocene caused by strike-slip deformation that affects almost all Chiapas territory; (3) period of rapid cooling from 6 to 5 Ma, that affects the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt, coincident with the landward migration of the Caribbean-North America plate boundaries. The two last events were the most significant on the formation of the present-day topography of the SCH. However, the stratigraphy of the SCH shows traces of the existence of earlier tectonic events. This study presents preliminary results of apatite fission-track (AFT) dating of sandstones from the Todos Santos Formation (Middle Jurassic). The analyses are performed with in situ uranium determination using LA-ICP-MS (e.g., Hasebe et al., 2004). The AFT data indicate that this Formation has suffered high-grade diagenesis (probably over 150 ºC) and the obtained cooling ages, about 70-60 Ma

  20. Decontamination gives an brachytherapy installation in the Oncological Institute Dr. Heriberto Pieter, Sacred Domingo, Republic Of the Dominican Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valconi, G.; Sbriz, L.; Prendes, M.; Jova, L.

    1998-01-01

    The work refers of the process carried out by the Cuban and Dominican experts for the decontamination process in the local located destined to the brachytherapy applications in the Oncological Hospital Dr. Heriberto Pieter in Santo Domingo, of the Dominican Republic

  1. 77 FR 39725 - Land Acquisitions: Pueblo of Santo Domingo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... Counties, New Mexico A parcel of land described as follows: beginning at a monument marking the position..., more or less. Tract B--Ca[ntilde]ada de Santa Fe T. 15 N., R. 7 E., NMPM, Santa Fe County, New Mexico A...

  2. To Domingos: letters, friends, literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laíse Ribas Bastos

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The object for studying and analysis in this work is a set of letters received by Domingos Carvalho da Silva, which points to the constitution of a scene consisted of friendship and dissidences around a common literary and intellectual perspective. The objective of this work is to map the heterogeneity of the group as well as the problematic project involving the literary production in that moment, in order to find, thus, the means and ways of permanence of literature as it was configured between the 1940s and the 1960s.

  3. Management of productive reserves in a SME of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodobaldo Martínez Vivar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of a methodology for the organization of work in the SME, which enables the identification of existing productive reserves and thus a consequent improvement of the indica-tors of labor productivity is the goal of the present investigation. To achieve this objective a pro-cess adapted to the conditions of the object of practical study, which from a holistic approach al-lowed the realization of analysis for the proposed organization of work. The main results can be highlighted the following: the existence of a waste of working time 15% primarily determined by wasting time in the day, likewise it allowed identifying the limiting capacity of the production pro-cess of the natural medicine Prostageron, as well as problems associated with noise, vibration, lighting and ventilation were identified, although there are no major problems that could harm the health of workers. Finally he was able to increase labor productivity in 35.42% compared with the analysis developed linked to the detected limited capacity, while in this first analysis for field observation can indicate the possibility of a production increase of 327%

  4. Plan de seguridad informática de la ESPE Sede Santo Domingo

    OpenAIRE

    Borja López, Yolanda Azucena; Sánchez Cali, Fanny Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    Los sistemas de gestión de la información están relacionados con los procesos organizacionales e instituciones públicos o privados, en virtud de esto y sabiendo en lo importante que se ha convertido hoy en día la seguridad de la información se aplica lo determinado por el Acuerdo No 166 de la Secretaria Nacional de la Administración Pública del Ecuador, donde se establece la elaboración de un Sistema de Gestión de Seguridad de la Información conocido Plan de seguridad de la información, estab...

  5. Contribution to the logistic evaluation system in the transportation process in Santo Domingo, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodobaldo Martínez Vivar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The objective of the present research is to design and apply a methodology to evaluate the logistics system in the transportation process in a base vehicle fleet, which contributes to decrease the costs of distribution and to increase the performance of the logistics system of the organization. Design/methodology: The proposal of a holistic technology for the management of this process is carried out, which integrates indicators and tools that improve control and decision-making activities in this area. Findings: The application of the procedure developed in the selected organization contributed to the identification of deficiencies related to the availability of the equipment and the needs of the clients, the low technical availability of the automotive plant, the low utilization of the capacity of the freight vehicles, the absence of a plan of measures to diminish the empty routes of the transport and the overconsumption of fuel due to the accomplishment of extra trips. Aspects that contributed to the redesign of some of the main functions of physical distribution such as itinerary planning, selection of means of transport and analysis of operating indicators, aspects that favored the optimization of the number of trips and, consequently, the adequate use of the equipment and the loads to be transported, observing a saving of 15% in the fuel consumption per load transported. Originality: The originality of the present research lies in the combination of different theories and techniques that contribute from a holistic approach to the logistics evaluation of the transportation process, facilitating the optimization of transportation requirements, its operation and maintenance.

  6. Social vulnerability to natural hazards in urban systems : An application in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    di Girasole, Eleonora Giovene; Cannatella, D.

    2017-01-01

    The concept of risk has become increasingly complex, and has been used not only in relation to the natural features of a region, but also to its socio-economic context. In this conceptualization, the latter directly influences the capacity of a community to cope with, recover from, and adapt to

  7. PERCEPÇÃO AMBIENTAL DOS AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES E O USO DOS RECURSOS NATURAIS DO MUNICÍPIO DE SÃO DOMINGOS – SEMIÁRIDO BAIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bismarque Lopes Pinto

    2016-08-01

    La percepción del medio ambiente en el que se produce es fundamental para comprender el desarrollo de las prácticas agrícolas tales como el uso de los recursos naturales tienden a seguir la lógica de la percepción del objeto que tiene contacto inmediato. El objetivo era esta investigación para comprender la conciencia medioambiental de los agricultores en el municipio de Santo Domingos / BA y su influencia en las intervenciones agrícolas que desarrollaron, así como la inclusión de técnicas agroecológicas interpuesto por la Unión de Trabajadores del Campo de la Agricultura Familiar de Santo Domingo (SINTRAF del SD en la propriedad donde existe la presencia de la agricultura familiar. La investigación se guía en los siguientes procedimientos metodológicos: I Revisión de bibliografía sobre los principales temas abordados en el estudio; colección II Los datos sobre la organización estructural de los proyectos ejecutados por SINTRAF-SD para la agricultura familiar; III entrevista estructurada con el presidente de SINTRAF-SD; IV Entrevista estructurada con 10 representantes de grupos de 10 familias que se clasifican como agricultores familiares. La conciencia ambiental de los agricultores ha sufrido un cambio de paradigma coherente, dado que las viejas prácticas ejercidas por ellos o por sus prácticas sostenibles por su vez no se consideran desde el punto de vista del medio ambiente que, a su vez, dio lugar a una cambio gradual en las formas de percibir el sistema ambiental y de cómo sus acciones fueron degradando la naturaleza en general. Palabras Clave: Agricultura Familiar; La Percepción; La Naturaleza.

  8. O Santo do Bispo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Catão Cruz Santos

    Full Text Available O artigo propõe uma biografia de D. José Antonio de Guadalupe, bispo do Rio de Janeiro entre 1725 e 1740, a partir da análise de diversos documentos, sobretudo os seus escritos pastorais. Estes são considerados não só práticas religiosas, mas um gênero literário adequado a um conjunto de procedimentos e convenções previstos para sua leitura e recepção. Através da reconstrução da trajetória daquele agente, pretende-se destacar como sua ação e memória contribuem para a devoção de São Gonçalo de Amarante e conformação das práticas católicas no Rio de Janeiro e regiões circunvizinhas por diferentes grupos sociais. Objetiva-se, também, pôr em evidência a devoção e festa de São Gonçalo, discutindo a relação entre a hierarquia católica e os devotos pardos do santo, reunidos numa irmandade situada na Vila de São Sebastião, em São Paulo do século XIX. A análise do Compromisso da Irmandade de São Gonçalo aponta para as formas e modalidades da crença católica na sociedade colonial.

  9. Privacy preserving cloud computation using Domingo-Ferrer scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulatif Alabdulatif

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Homomorphic encryption system (HES schemes are anticipated to play a significant role in cloud-based applications. Moving to cloud-based storage and analytic services securely are two of the most important advantages of HES. Several HES schemes have been recently proposed. However, the majority of them either have limited capabilities or are impractical in real-world applications. Various HES schemes provide the ability to perform computations for statistical analysis (e.g. average, mean and variance on encrypted data. Domingo-Ferrer is one scheme that has privacy homomorphism properties to perform the basic mathematical operations (addition, subtraction and multiplication in a convenient and secure way. However, it works only in the positive numbers’ range which is considered as a limitation because several applications require both positive and negative ranges in which to work, especially those that have to implement analytical services in cloud computing. In this paper, we extend Domingo-Ferrer’s scheme to be able to perform arithmetic operations for both positive and negative numbers. We also propose using a lightweight data aggregation function to compute both maximum and minimum values of the aggregated data that works for both positive and negative numbers.

  10. El intento de integración de Santo Domingo a la Gran Colombia (1821-1822

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán A. de la Reza

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza los factores que influyeron en la decisión del “Estado de Hayti español” de integrarse a la Gran Colombia durante su breve existencia política de diciembre de 1821 a febrero de 1822. Los resultados de la investigación ponen de relieve la complejidad de la estrategia dominicana y agregan a las hipótesis vigentes la importancia de la convocatoria unionista y la identidad de la república fundada por Simón Bolívar en 1819.

  11. Plan piloto de automatización de instalaciones petroleras para despacho de combustibles en el terminal de Santo Domingo

    OpenAIRE

    Moreano Mantilla, Rodrigo

    2005-01-01

    Actualmente el petróleo en el mundo constituye la fuente principal de energía debido a su fácil explotación, mayor volumen de producción y alta rentabilidad en comparación con la gran variedad de recursos disponibles en la naturaleza, entre las más importantes están el carbón, la madera, el alcohol y la biomasa. Además el aprovechamiento de las energías solar, hidráulica, eólica y nuclear difícilmente desplazarían al petróleo. En el Ecuador las reservas de crudo son cuantiosas y cada vez ...

  12. Preliminary hydrogeological evaluation of geological units from the Mesa de los Santos, Santander

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz, Eliana Jimena; Contreras, Nathalia Maria; Pinto, Jorge Eduardo; Velandia, Francisco; Morales, Carlos Julio; Hincapie, Gloria

    2009-01-01

    This paper present a preliminary hydrogeological evaluation of La Mesa de Los Santos' lithostratigraphic formations, based on the geological mapping, stratigraphy and inventory of water points. All this is supplemented with the analysis of primary porosity by means of the petrographic study and the secondary porosity related statistically with the quantity of fractures of each formation, as well as opening, interconnection and dip. It is made an approach to hydrogeological potential of the geologic outcropping formations in La Mesa de Los Santos, Department of Santander, from the stratigraphic and petrographic analysis and the structural features of these formations. The Upper Member of Los Santos Formation presents the highest potential because of rock's fracturing, continued by the Lower Member with low primary porosity and half fracturing. Silgara Formation, Granito de Pescadero, Jordan Formation and some sections of the sandy levels of the Rosablanca Formation presents a lowest potential due to its low porosity and low grade of fracturing. Low permeability is presented in the Middle Member of the Los Santos Formation, Paja and Tablazo formations, as well as in sectors of the fore mentioned formations and in the Quaternary deposits.

  13. Domingo de Ramos, dalla violenza urbana alla solidarietà marginale

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    Riccardo Badini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to analyze the poetry of Domingo de Ramos (Peru 1960 through themes like violence, urban decay and migration and presents the translation of an unpublished poem. A path is traced from the vanguards to the socio historical and political context of the  80s Peru, not to mention the innate inclination of the poet for marginal realities.

  14. Muusikamaailm : "Passioon 2000" Stuttgardis. Ojai festivalilt. Boulez dirigeerib ka Edinburghis. Placido Domingo Helsingis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Stuttgardi Rahvusvahelisel Bachi Akadeemia korraldataval Euroopa muusikafestivalil ettekandele tulevatest "tänapäevastest passioonidest". Ojai muusikafestivalist Jaapanis. P. Boulezi 75. sünnipäevale pühendatud kontserdisari "Boulez 2000" jõudis ka Edinburghi festivalile. P. Domingo kontserdist Helsingi olümpiastaadionil, K. Mattila kontserdist Helsingi Areenal

  15. Viagem(ns a Santos Journey(s to Santos

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    Henrique Luiz Cukierman

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo busca lançar algumas luzes sobre a construção do laboratório de Manguinhos, recontando um de seus episódios precursores: a viagem a Santos empreendida em 1899 por Oswaldo Cruz, um jovem médico às vésperas de tornar-se herói nacional enquanto símbolo brasileiro da ciência. Destinada a confirmar a chegada pela primeira vez da famigerada peste bubônica em terras brasileiras, a viagem constituiria um marco na justificação da construção de uma fábrica de soro antipestoso no Rio de Janeiro, o futuro Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurado em 1900 e no qual viria a ser instalado o embrião do laboratório de Manguinhos. A partir de quatro narrativas distintas, é possível verificar o processo de ‘criação do mundo’ através do qual cada uma delas realiza sua própria expansão do que seria aparentemente uma ‘mesma’ viagem, permitindo assim configurar a historicidade desses relatos.The article intends to shed some light on the creation of the Manguinhos laboratory by recounting an episode which predates it: the journey to Santos taken in 1899 by Oswaldo Cruz, a young physician about to become a national hero and the Brazilian symbol of science. Destined to confirm the arrival of the infamous bubonic plague in Brazil for the first time, this journey was a milestone in justifying construction of a factory to produce anti-plague serum in Rio de Janeiro - the future Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurated in 1900 and later embryo of the Manguinhos laboratory. Four different narratives of this journey reveal different processes of ‘creating the world’, each arriving at its own interpretation of the same journey.

  16. The issue of race in the work of Domingos Guedes Cabral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Juanma Sánchez; Almeida, Ronnie Jorge Tavares de; El-Hani, Charbel Niño

    2016-12-01

    In 1875 Bahia, medicine and evolutionism were used by the physician, journalist, and republican militant Domingos Guedes Cabral as ideological weapons to propose a radical program of social reforms in Brazil in the areas of education, marriage control, medical care to the alienated, changes in the penal system, etc., all of which were based on the scientific knowledge of that time. Among the social ideas of Guedes Cabral, the question of race will be the main focus of this analysis. In this sense, Domingos Guedes Cabral is a particularly significant example for understanding the initial steps in the peculiar alliance between evolutionism, medicine, and scientific racism in Brazil since the 1870s, when Darwinism first arrived in the country.

  17. Interview to Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Manuela; Dietz, Gunther

    2017-01-01

    In this interview, Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos addresses, on the one hand, the process of transnationalisation of universities and the neoliberalisation of the classical model of the European university. On the other hand, he stresses that the recognition of difference and internal pluralism of science, which have pervaded the…

  18. Las residencias frustradas. El juez Domingo de Irazusta contra el cabildo de Salta

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Mar\\u00EDa Lorandi

    2000-01-01

    El trabajo plantea los problemas derivados de una tenaz resistencia emprendida por el Cabildo de Salta entre 1724 y 1734, para impedir que el Juez Don Domingo de Irazusta y Orozco tomase las residencias del gobernador Urízar y de sus sucesores y de todos los funcionarios que acompañaron esas gestiones. El conflicto se ventila en la Audiencia de Charcas, en Lima y en el Consejo de Indias. El Cabildo acusa al juez de haber provocado facciones en la ciudad, de ser enemigo capital de la mayoría d...

  19. El ministro de economía Domingo Cavallo rinde cuentas por cadena nacional

    OpenAIRE

    Cavallo, Domingo Felipe

    1991-01-01

    Radio Universidad Nacional de La Plata transmite -como parte de la cadena nacional de radio y televisión- y registra para su Archivo de la Palabra el mensaje del ministro de economía de la Nación, Domingo Felipe Cavallo, el 4 de octubre de 1991. Se refiere a la marcha de la ejecución fiscal y monetaria, metas de recaudación y transferencia a las provincias (a las que ya se habían transferido los servicios de salud y educación), y la lucha contra la inflación. El Plan de Convertibilidad había ...

  20. De la independencia a la natural barbarie americana. Una lectura del Facundo de Domingo F. Sarmiento

    OpenAIRE

    Maura Brighenti

    2010-01-01

    Se presenta una lectura del "Facundo" de Domingo F. Sarmiento y, en particular, de su más general visión de la historia y de la realidad argentina y latinoamericana a partir del esquema dicotómico de civilización y barbarie que tendrá mucha suerte en las narraciones de los procesos del modernización latinoamericanos por lo menos hasta la segunda mitad del siglo XX. A través del análisis de algunos entre los múltiples niveles narrativos del "Facundo" se quiere mostrar como tal imagen dicotómic...

  1. Domingo Irwin, Relaciones civiles-militares en el siglo XX, Caracas, El Centauro, 2000, 224 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Langue, Frédérique

    2005-01-01

    En la larga lista de los interrogantes planteados por la " revolución bolivariana " del Presidente Chávez en la Venezuela de hoy figura sin lugar a dudas la naturaleza de la misma. ¿Régimen militarista, autoritario, retoño del caudillismo, manifestación de pretorianismo, nueva simbiosis entre la sociedad civil y el sector militar ? Especialista de las relaciones civiles-militares en la larga duración, Domingo Irwin aborda en esta entrega una temática pluridisciplinaria dominada por la histori...

  2. New Thinking about Catholic Education from Latin America: What the Bishops Said at Medellin (1968), Puebla (1979), Santo Domingo (1992), Aparecida (2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madero, Cristobal

    2018-01-01

    The preparation, convocation, and implementation of the Second Vatican Council sparked changes at theological and organisational levels in the Catholic church. Both types of changes created a new structure for the relationship of different elements within the church and between the church and the world. This was not the first time the Catholic…

  3. El violón de Domingo Román (Valladolid, 1724

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reula Baquero, Pedro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Domingo Roman’s cello is one of the very few surviving Spanish bowed instruments from the eighteenth century. This article basically pretends to present and describe this recently rediscovered instrument by analising it’s very peculiar way of construction, comparing it with the informations we have about the Spanish school of making from sixteen till eighteenth century and other contemporary schools like the fl amish and the german one.

    El violón de Domingo Román (Valladolid, 1724 viene a enriquecer la escasa nómina de instrumentos de arco españoles conservados del siglo XVIII. Este artículo pretende ser, básicamente, una presentación y descripción del violón. El análisis del contexto estilístico trata de poner en relación sus peculiares características constructivas con las de la escuela española de los violeros de los siglos XVI a XVIII y con otras europeas como la fl amenca y alemana.

  4. A questão racial na obra de Domingos Guedes Cabral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanma Sánchez Arteaga

    Full Text Available Resumo Na Bahia de 1875, a medicina e o evolucionismo foram utilizados pelo médico, jornalista e militante republicano Domingos Guedes Cabral como armas ideológicas para propor um programa radical de reformas sociais no país. O programa incluía diversas propostas no campo da educação, controle dos casamentos, assistência médica aos alienados, mudanças no sistema penal etc., tudo com base em conhecimentos científicos da época. Entre as ideias sociais de Guedes Cabral, a questão racial será nosso principal foco de análise. Nesse sentido, Domingos Guedes Cabral constitui um exemplo particularmente significativo para entender como foram os primeiros passos na peculiar aliança estabelecida entre evolucionismo, medicina e racismo científico no Brasil desde a década de 1870, momento de chegada do darwinismo no país.

  5. Salt tectonics in Santos Basin, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quirk, David G.; Nielsen, Malene; Raven, Madeleine [Maersk Oil and Gas, Copenhagen (Denmark); Menezes, Paulo [Maersk Oil and Gas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    From Albian to end Cretaceous times, the inboard part of the Santos Basin in Brazil was affected by extension as salt flowed basinwards under the effect of gravity. Salt rollers, flip-flop salt diapirs and the famous Albian Gap were all formed by this process. Outboard of these extensional structures, contraction was taken up in a wide zone of thickened salt where salt collected. The overburden was carried on top of the salt as it flowed down-dip, with up to 40 km of translation recorded in Albian strata. (author)

  6. Domingo Badía (Alí Bey), en Marruecos.

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Mac Gaha

    1996-01-01

    Es sorprendente el hecho de que no se hayan aclarado hasta ahora las actividades de Domingo Badía y Leblich (1767-1818) como agente español en Marruecos entre los años 1803 y 1805, sobre todo porque esas actividades están muy bien documentadas. El diplomático español Eduard Toda y Güell (1855-1941) comenzó a interesarse por Badía durante sus años de estudiante de derecho en Madrid cuando trabó amistad con Víctor Balaguer, quien había escrito dos versiones novelescas de la vi...

  7. Los grabados exteriores de Santo Adriano (Tuñón. Santo Adriano. Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.J. Fortea Pérez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se dan a conocer los grabados exteriores de la cueva de Santo Adriano, que se comparan con grabados del mismo tipo existentes en la Región Cantábrica, a lo largo de una franja territorial de 220 km, entre las cuencas de los ríos Nalón al oeste y el Asón al este.

  8. Tridimensional modelling and resource estimation of the mining waste piles of São Domingos mine, Iberian Pyrite Belt, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Alexandre; Matos, João; Lopes, Luis; Martins, Ruben

    2016-04-01

    Located in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) northern sector, near the Portuguese/Spanish border, the outcropping São Domingos deposit was mined since Roman time. Between 1854 and 1966 the Mason & Barry Company developed open pit excavation until 120 m depth and underground mining until 420 m depth. The São Domingos subvertical deposit is associated with felsic volcanics and black shales of the IPB Volcano-Sedimentary Complex and is represented by massive sulphide and stockwork ore (py, cpy, sph, ga, tt, aspy) and related supergene enrichment ore (hematite gossan and covellite/chalcocite). Different mine waste classes were mapped around the old open pit: gossan (W1), felsic volcanic and shales (W2), shales (W3) and mining waste landfill (W4). Using the LNEG (Portuguese Geological Survey) CONASA database (company historical mining waste characterization based on 162 shafts and 160 reverse circulation boreholes), a methodology for tridimensional modelling mining waste pile was followed, and a new mining waste resource is presented. Considering some constraints to waste removal, such as the Mina de São Domingos village proximity of the wastes, the industrial and archaeological patrimony (e.g., mining infrastructures, roman galleries), different resource scenarios were considered: unconditioned resources (total estimates) and conditioned resources (only the volumes without removal constraints considered). Using block modelling (SURPAC software) a mineral inferred resource of 2.38 Mt @ 0.77 g/t Au and 8.26 g/t Ag is estimated in unconditioned volumes of waste. Considering all evaluated wastes, including village areas, an inferred resource of 4.0 Mt @ 0.64 g/t Au and 7.30 g/t Ag is presented, corresponding to a total metal content of 82,878 oz t Au and 955,753 oz t Ag. Keywords. São Domingos mine, mining waste resources, mining waste pile modelling, Iberian Pyrite Belt, Portugal

  9. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Southeastern Brazil): Sources and depositional history

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martins, Cesar C.; Bicego, Marcia C.; Mahiques, Michel M.; Figueira, Rubens C.L.; Tessler, Moyses G.; Montone, Rosalinda C.

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → In early 1980s, Santos Estuary became known as one of the worst polluted in the world. → PAHs levels were similar to the values reported for marine sediments worldwide. → PAHs analyses indicated multiple sources of these compounds (oil and pyrolitic origin). → The decline of oil consumption due to the world oil crisis (late 1970s) was shown. → The input of organic pollutants is a historical problem for the Santos Estuary. - Abstract: Located in southeastern Brazil, the Santos Estuary has the most important industrial and urban population area of South America. Since the 1950's, increased urbanization and industrialization near the estuary margins has caused the degradation of mangroves and has increased the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents. The main objectives of this work were to determine the concentrations and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediment cores in order to investigate the input of these substances in the last 50 years. The PAHs analyses indicated multiple sources of these compounds (oil and pyrolitic origin), basically anthropogenic contributions from biomass, coal and fossil fuels combustion. The distribution of PAHs in the cores was associated with the formation and development of Cubatao industrial complex and the Santos harbour, waste disposal, world oil crisis and the pollution control program, which results in the decrease of organic pollutants input in this area.

  10. Petroleum systems and hydrocarbon accumulation models in the Santos Basin, SP, Brazil; Sistemas petroliferos e modelos de acumulacao de hidrocarbonetos na Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Hung Kiang; Assine, Mario Luis; Correa, Fernando Santos; Tinen, Julio Setsuo [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Estudos de Bacias]. E-mails: chang@rc.unesp.br; assine@rc.unesp.br; fscorrea@rc.unesp.br; jstinen@rc.unesp.br; Vidal, Alexandre Campane; Koike, Luzia [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP (Brazil). Centro de Estudos de Petroleo]. E-mails: vidal@ige.unicamp.br; luzia@iqm.unicamp.br

    2008-07-01

    The Santos Basin was formed by rifting process during Mesozoic Afro-American separation. Sediment accumulation initiated with fluvial-lacustrine deposits, passing to evaporitic stage until reaching marginal basin stages. The analysis of hydrocarbon potential of Santos Basin identified two petroleum systems: Guaratiba-Guaruja and Itajai-Acu-Ilhabela. The Guaratiba Formation is less known in the Santos Basin because of small number of wells that have penetrated the rift section. By comparison with Campos Basin, hydrocarbons are of saline lacustrine origin deposited in Aptian age. Analogous to Campos Basin the major source rock is of saline-lacustrine origin, which has been confirmed from geochemical analyses of oil samples recovered from the various fields. These analyses also identified marine source rock contribution, indicating the Itajai-Acu source rock went through oil-window, particularly in structural lows generated by halokynesis. Models of hydrocarbon accumulation consider Guaratiba Formacao as the major source rock for shallow carbonate reservoirs of Guaruja Formacao and for late Albian to Miocene turbidites, as well as siliciclastic and carbonate reservoirs of the rift phase. Migration occurs along salt window and through carrier-beds. The seal rock is composed of shales and limestones intercalated with reservoir facies of the post-rift section and by thick evaporites overlying rift section, especially in the deeper water. In the shallow portion, shale inter-tongued with reservoir rocks is the main seal rock. The hydrocarbon generation and expulsion in the central-north portion of the basin is caused by overburden of a thick Senonian section. Traps can be structural (rollovers and turtle), stratigraphic (pinch-outs) and mixed origins (pinch-outs of turbidites against salt domes). (author)

  11. Las residencias frustradas. El juez Domingo de Irazusta contra el cabildo de Salta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Mar\\u00EDa Lorandi

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo plantea los problemas derivados de una tenaz resistencia emprendida por el Cabildo de Salta entre 1724 y 1734, para impedir que el Juez Don Domingo de Irazusta y Orozco tomase las residencias del gobernador Urízar y de sus sucesores y de todos los funcionarios que acompañaron esas gestiones. El conflicto se ventila en la Audiencia de Charcas, en Lima y en el Consejo de Indias. El Cabildo acusa al juez de haber provocado facciones en la ciudad, de ser enemigo capital de la mayoría de sus miembros y aducen que no pueden pagar las multas que les impone el Juez a causa de los ingentes gastos que deben afrontar por la guerra contra las tribus del Chaco. La trama del conflicto revela los enconos existentes entre los grupos que dominan el Cabildo de Salta, y sobre todo el rechazo a acatar la nueva política borbónica, que intentaba ejercer un control más estrecho sobre la vida institucional de sus colonias. Los cabildos reflejan los intereses locales y la fuerte competencia establecida con el poder metropolitano.

  12. De la independencia a la natural barbarie americana. Una lectura del Facundo de Domingo F. Sarmiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maura Brighenti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lectura del "Facundo" de Domingo F. Sarmiento y, en particular, de su más general visión de la historia y de la realidad argentina y latinoamericana a partir del esquema dicotómico de civilización y barbarie que tendrá mucha suerte en las narraciones de los procesos del modernización latinoamericanos por lo menos hasta la segunda mitad del siglo XX. A través del análisis de algunos entre los múltiples niveles narrativos del "Facundo" se quiere mostrar como tal imagen dicotómica se va cristalizando en el texto. Partiendo del espacio infinito y vacío de la pampa y pasando por una antropología del gaucho - de su manera de vivir y de conducir la guerra - Sarmiento conduce el lector hasta la forma típicamente americana de despotismo, el caudillismo, llegado en Argentina a su epopeya final con el régimen de Juan M. de Rosas. En la última parte se intenta injertar el esquema dicotómico del Facundo al interior de la más general reflexión del Occidente sobre la modernidad y sus alteridades, a través por un lado del prisma orientalista y por el otro de las mismas fuentes del pensamiento moderno europeo y en particular de Locke y Hobbes.

  13. PAULINHO PERNA TORTA E JOÃO DE SANTO CRISTO: UMA APROXIMAÇÃO POSSÍVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhony Adelio Skeika

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has as center goal approximate Paulinho Perna Torta an João de Santo Cristo characters from Paulinho Perna Torta (João Antônio’s tale and Faroeste Caboclo (Renato Russo’s song, respectively, in what refers to the marginalized and offender subject’s formation process. Also, it looks for reflect how Contemporary Literature has been concerned about giving representation space to social underling people.

  14. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alarcón

    Full Text Available La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocumentados en Tijuana, Baja California, México: Santo Toribio Romo, el "Santo Pollero" que fue canonizado en 2000, el Beato Juan Bautista Scalabrini, fundador de los Misioneros Scalabrinianos y Juan Soldado quien surgió de la religiosidad popular.

  15. Domingo del Monte, ¿“El más real y útil de los cubanos de su tiempo”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Morán

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available José Martí llamó a Domingo del Monte “el más real y útil de los cubanos de su tiempo”. Los estudiosos de la cultura cubana no han dejado de usar la frase para afirmar el protagonismo de Del Monte en la gestación de la conciencia nacional. Al discutir principalmente la correspondencia de Del Monte con el diplomático norteamericano Alexander Everett, este artículo demuestra que, paradójicamente, el juicio martiano inscribió una cubanidad enlazada al racismo y al anexionismo.

  16. Dragones, serpientes y cocodrilos infernales en la comedia de santos

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez Fernandez , Luis

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Se examinan en este artículo algunos casos en los que aparecen dragones, serpientes y cocodrilos vinculados al personaje teatral del demonio en la comedia de santos. El corpus es mayormente calderoniano.; Parcours retraçant dans la comedia de santos (pièces hagiographiques) la présence de monstres tels que les dragons, les serpents et les crocodiles là où il y a une relation spécifique avec le diable. Le corpus examiné porte essentiellement sur les oeuvres de Pedro Cal...

  17. Caracterización comparativa de residuos sólidos entre los Distritos de José Domingo Choquehuanca y San Gabán

    OpenAIRE

    Condori Calla, David Heraclio

    2011-01-01

    El trabajo se desarrolló en los distritos de José Domingo Choquehuanca y San Gabán con el objetivo de comparar los resultados obtenidos en el estudio de caracterización de residuos en relación al comportamiento socioeconómico entre ambos distritos. El tamaño de muestra para el estudio de caracterización en el distrito de José Domingo Choquehuanca fue de 56 viviendas y del distrito de San Gabán de 51 viviendas. El trabajo se desarrolló durante los meses de Noviembre del 2009 a Agosto del 2010,...

  18. Algunas Notas sobre Domingo de Soto y la Prehistoria del Estado de Naturaleza Hobbesiano || Some notes about Domingo de Soto and the prehistory of Hobbe’s state of nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Jiménez Castaño

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objetivo de este breve trabajo es mostrar algunas relaciones que pueden ser trazadas entre las teorías políticas del teólogo español Domingo de Soto y el filósofo inglés Thomas Hobbes. De hecho, lo que intentamos probar es que el concepto de dominio de Soto y sus opiniones sobre el estado del hombre después de la Caída tienen cierta presencia en el estado de naturaleza que Hobbes usa para demostrar la necesidad del Estado. ABSTRACT: The aim of this brief work is to show some relations that can be drawn between the political theories of the Spanish theologian Domingo de Soto and the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes. In fact, what we want to prove is that Soto’s concept of dominion and his opinions about the state of man after the fall have some presence in the state of nature that Hobbes uses to demonstrate the necessity of the State.

  19. Environmental monitoring of Domingo Rubio stream (Huelva Estuary, SW Spain) by combining conventional biomarkers and proteomic analysis in Carcinus maenas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montes Nieto, Rafael [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Cordoba, Severo Ochoa Building, Rabanales Campus, Highway A4 Km 396a, 14071 Cordoba (Spain); Garcia-Barrera, Tamara; Gomez-Ariza, Jose-Luis [Department of Chemistry and Materials Sciences, University of Huelva, Faculty of Experimental Sciences, El Carmen Campus, 21007 Huelva (Spain); Lopez-Barea, Juan, E-mail: bb1lobaj@uco.e [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Cordoba, Severo Ochoa Building, Rabanales Campus, Highway A4 Km 396a, 14071 Cordoba (Spain)

    2010-02-15

    Element load, conventional biomarkers and altered protein expression profiles were studied in Carcinus maenas crabs, to assess contamination of 'Domingo Rubio' stream, an aquatic ecosystem that receives pyritic metals, industrial contaminants, and pesticides. Lower antioxidative activities - glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases, catalase - were found in parallel to higher levels of damaged biomolecules - malondialdehyde, oxidized glutathione -, due to oxidative lesions promoted by contaminants, as the increased levels of essential - Zn, Cu, Co - and nonessential - Cr, Ni, Cd - elements. Utility of Proteomics to assess environmental quality was confirmed, especially after considering the six proteins identified by de novo sequencing through capLC-muESI-ITMS/MS and homology search on databases. They include tripartite motif-containing protein 11 and ATF7 transcription factor (upregulated), plus CBR-NHR-218 nuclear hormone receptor, two components of the ABC transporters and aldehyde dehydrogenase (downregulated). These proteins could be used as novel potential biomarkers of the deleterious effects of pollutants present in the area. - Pollution assessment at 'Domingo Rubio' stream (Spain).

  20. Palabras del presidente Carlos S. Menem, a 20 años de la muerte de Juan Domingo Perón

    OpenAIRE

    Menem, Carlos Saúl

    1994-01-01

    Radio Universidad Nacional de La Plata trasmite en directo y registra para su Archivo de la Palabra el mensaje oficial del presidente Carlos Saúl Menem, difundido por cadena nacional de radio y televisión, al cumplirse 20 años del fallecimiento del presidente Juan Domingo Perón.

  1. Muusikamaailm : Rostropovitsh Berliini müüri juures. Philadelphia Curtis Institute ئ 75. Lahti Linnaorkester Jaapanis ja USAs. Domingo taas Washingtonis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Berliini müüri langemise 10. aastapäevale pühendatud kontserdist 9. nov. Berliinis. Ameerika muusikakõrgkoolist Philadelphia Curtis Institute. Lahti Linnaorkestri kontserdireisist Jaapanisse ja USAsse. P. Domingo on sügishooajal esinenud erinevates Ameerika ooperiteatrites

  2. Dogs infection by Trypanosoma cruzi in São Domingos do Capim, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vívian Tavares Almeida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Almeida V.T., Kobayashi Y.T. da S., Roque A.L.R., Barros J.H.S., de Castro L.R.S., Madeira E.A.O., Uzcategui R.A.R. & Fernandes J.I. Dogs infection by Trypanosoma cruzi in São Domingos do Capim, State of Pará, Brazil. [Infecção por Trypanosoma cruzi em cães em São Domingos do Capim, Estado do Pará, Brasil.] Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 37(supl. 1:106- 112, 2015. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Animal na Amazônia, Universidade Federal do Pará, Campus II, BR 316 Km 62, Castanhal, PA 68743-970, Brasil. E-mail: vitalmeida21@hotmail.com The objective of this study was to determine the presence of Trypanosoma cruzi among dogs naturally infected by it inside four rural communities at the Municipality of São Domingos do Capim located in the Northeastern Pará, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 113 dogs and 85.7% (30/35 of the serologically positive dogs had their blood re-collected after three months. The diagnosis of T. cruzi infection was performed by: fresh blood examination, hemoconcentration, hemoculture, as well as the serological assays Indirect Immunofluorescence Essay (IFAT and Imunoenzimatic essay (ELISA. The presence of positive dogs in both serologic tests (IFAT + ELISA was 31% (35/113, distributed among the four communities as follows: (12/44 Uricuriteua, (19/40 Cezaréia, (1/16 Aliança and (3/13 Catita. None of the samples was positive in the fresh blood examination or hemoconcentration, although it was possible to isolate T. cruzi, DTU TcI in one dog sample during its blood re-collection. These results show how dogs are exposed to the T. cruzi transmission cycle, revealing their importance as sentinels for the presence of this parasite in the studied area.

  3. Cobertura vegetal do distrito de Macuco, Município de São Domingos do Prata/MG Vegetation of Macuco town, São Domingos do Prata county, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitzi Brandão

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Efetuou-se o levantamento da cobertura vegetal existente no Distrito de Macuco, Município de São Domingo do Prata, MG, como parte de um estudo detalhado das microbacias do Estado de Minas Gerais. A área sob enfoque era anteriormente recoberta pela Floresta Latifoliada Tropical Baixo Montana. Atualmente, a cobertura primitiva acha-se reduzida a capões esparsos, dispostos ao longo dos vales dos afluentes menores do Rio Macuco, ou então na cumiada dos morros mais altos, entremeada de pequenas áreas com culturas de subsistência, de pastagens, de capoeiras e de campos antrópicos. A composição botânica dos capões remanescentes, das capoeiras e dos campos antrópicos, soma 372 espécies, englobadas em 87 famílias e 222 gêneros.This research surveyed the vegetation existent in Macuco Town, São Domingos do Prata county, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, as part of a more detailed study of the microhydrobiological basins of this state. The area in study was previously covered with Latifoliated Tropical Forest. Recently the primitive vegetation is reduced to thickets scattered along the valleys of minor tributary streams of Macuco River or on hill tops intermixed by small areas cultivated with subsistence crops, pastures, brush, and fields. The botanical composition or remaining thickets, brushes and fields are represented by 372 species, envolved in 87 families and 22 genres.

  4. Santo Agostinho e o De excidio urbis Romae sermo

    OpenAIRE

    Urbano, Carlota

    2006-01-01

    Na sequência da queda de Roma em 410, Santo Agostinho afirma no sermão que aqui tomamos que Roma não foi destruída. Não faltaram da parte da população pagã as acusações ao cristianismo. Os próprios cristãos estariam confundidos ao assistir à humilhação da cidade que guardava os túmulos dos apóstolos Pedro e Paulo. Santo Agostinho não tarda em responder a estas recriminações e perplexidades, primeiro em textos relativamente breves como os Sermões, para além de algumas referências em cartas, e ...

  5. Tim Burton lavastab Batmani muusikali. Placido Domingo palkas "Star Warsi" võluri. MTV muusikaauhindade show'l narriti Michael Jacksonit. Hendrixi põlenud kitarr läheb müüki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Jim Steinman kirjutab muusikat Tim Burtoni 2005. aastal lavale tulevale Batmani muusikalile. Los Angelese ooperimaja juht Domingo palkas George Lucase Wagneri ooperi "Nibelungide sõrmus" eriefektide ettevalmistamiseks. Britney Spears nimetas Michael Jacksonit Millenniumi artistiks.

  6. Natural gas processing optimization in Espirito Santo plant; Sistema de otimizacao aplicado ao processamento de gas natural no Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunes, Carlos Henrique de Oliveira; Costa, Fernando Lourenco Pinho da; Mazzini, Filipe Ferreira; Campos, Flavia Schittine [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Oliveira, Fabricio Carlos; Hamacher, Silvio [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work introduces the MODEP system, which was developed by PETROBRAS in association with PUC-Rio. The system objective is to support the gas processing and flow planning for the Espirito Santo PETROBRAS. The MODEP core is a non linear optimization model that allows the user to optimize the production of gas as well as to optimize the net present value. In addition, the system offers to the user a comprehensive asset of the gas network since its production fields until the products selling points. The development of this system was motivated by the sharp increase of the Espirito Santo gas production capacity as well as the increase in the number of its processing units. (author)

  7. Regional inequalities in Espirito Santo: perspective of petroleum exploration; Desigualdades regionais no Espirito Santo: perspectivas da fronteira de exploracao petrolifera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Viviane Mozine [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Do donate the subject of the present article look to know the possible impacts about the space distribution of the wealth before the tendencies of exploration of petroleum and natural gas in the Espirito Santo it goes: will it be the exploration activity and production of petroleum and natural gas an element of increase of problems of the regional inequalities? The central object is to examines the the distribution of petroleum royalties among the state region, enforcing or finishing it. (author)

  8. Muusikamaailm : Berliini Filharmoonikute omalaadne kontserdireis. Klaverinädal Espoos. shtshedrini Klaverikontsert Los Angeleses. Domingo ja Pavarotti kõrvuti Metropolitanis. Pendereckile preemia Duisburgist / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Berliini Filharmoonikute kontsertreisist II Maailmasõja võitnud riikide pealinnades tähistamaks Saksa Liitvabariigi moodustamise 50. aastapäeva. 12.-17. okt. Soomes Espoos toimunud 5. rahvusvahelisest pianistide festivalist. R.shtshedrini Viienda Klaverikontserdi maailmaesiettekandest Los Angeleses 21. okt. L. Pavarotti laulab ooperis "Tosca"ja P. Domingo ooperites "Talupoja au" ning "Pajatsid" New Yorgi Metropolitan Operas. Tänavune Duisburgi Muusikapreemia anti K. Pendereckile

  9. CADENA DEL CAFÉ DE LOS SANTOS, COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Francisco Carranza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La operación de las actividades económicas y su competitividad, analizadas desde una perspectiva de cadenas globales de mercancías, dependen del funcionamiento de los mercados de crédito, tanto nacionales como internacionales. La operación normal de los negocios requiere crédito para fortalecer sus recursos propios y hacer las compras de materia prima, insumos, pago de salarios e inversión. En todos los casos, el crédito puede ser utilizado para mejorar el diseño de productos, impulsar el acceso a nuevos mercados y aumentar la competitividad. A los productores de la región de Los Santos en Costa Rica se les reconoce por innovadores, y al café de la zona por ser un café de altura y de gran calidad. El artículo explora las necesidades de financiamiento de productores, beneficiadores y exportadores de café de Los Santos, sus fuentes de financiamiento y el uso dado a los recursos obtenidos. Entre las necesidades orientadas al mejoramiento de la competitividad se encontraron la renovación de cafetales entre los productores, el mantenimiento de proyectos y tecnología entre los beneficios y la generación de microbeneficios y búsqueda de nichos de mercado entre los exportadores. Abstract From a global commodity chains perspective, economic activities and their competitiveness depend upon the functioning of credit markets, both international and domestic. Current businesses operations require credit to enhance their own resources in order to buy raw material and inputs, pay wages and make investment. Credit may also be used to improve product design, enter new markets and boost competitiveness as a result. High altitude grown coffee from Los Santos, Costa Rica is widely known for its quality, and their growers as innovative. This paper addresses credit needs of coffee growers, processors and exporters in Los Santos, the credit sources they have access to, and the kind of uses the credit is given. Improving competitiveness uses

  10. Dialogues between Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Special Education and Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandro Braga Vieira

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to bring together special education and the production by Boaventura de Sousa Santos. It seeks to understand how the author’s theories contributed to the education of children with disabilities, pervasive developmental disorders, and high-potential/giftedness in regular schools. We analyze major concepts of the author’s thoughts and how they can be approached regarding premises of special education from the perspective of school inclusion. Also, we present an experiment of continuing education carried out with elementary education teachers to rethink the implication of school curricula for special education students.

  11. A Demanda do Santo Graal e seus entrecruzamentos

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana de Moraes Schenkel

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho é um estudo comparativo entre dois romances de Chrétien de Troyes, Lancelot ou o cavaleiro da Charrete e Perceval ou o Romance do Graal e A Demanda do Santo Graal. Através desse estudo, pretende-se mostrar que a leitura de cada romance, separadamente, pode levar a enganos interpretativos, uma vez que não se considera o contexto geral em que as obras foram produzidas. Dessa forma, neste trabalho busca-se uma leitura mais completa dessas obras que se daria em três etapas: a leitur...

  12. Seismic attributes characterization for Albian reservoirs in shallow Santos Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vincentelli, Maria Gabriela C.; Barbosa, Mauro [HRT Petroleum, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The Santos basin southwest area is characterized by gas production, but it shows an exploratory problem due to the lack of good reservoirs facies. The main reservoirs are the Albian calcarenites, which show low porosities values (about 2%) in the northwest portion of the study area. From wire log analysis, it was interpreted that the porosity values can reach 15% at the south-west portion, both in the Caravela, Cavalo Marinho and Tubarao oil/gas fields and in the neighborhood of these fields. In order to find the best places to drill exploration wells at Shallow Santos, it is recommended to apply analyses of seismic attributes including: main average amplitude, energy, RMS, main amplitude, etc. Once the application of this methodology is restricted to 3D seismic data, in this study, a pseudo-3D seismic volume was built from 9,635 km of seismic lines, and 13 wells were used for reservoir facies control. As a result, the presence of good facies reservoirs in this area of the basin is restricted to trends with a NE-SW direction, and their presence is not only associated with the structural highs, this fact explains the dry wells over rollover structures. (author)

  13. La vegetación tropical en el confort climático urbano: aplicado a Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana en comparación con el clima mediterráneo, Barcelona, España

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas Cortorreal, Gilkauris María

    2013-01-01

    La investigación a realizar explora las características de la vegetación en la arquitectura en climas tropicales cálidos – húmedo y clima templado mediterráneo. La vegetación es un elementos que poseemos en nuestro entorno, creando microclimas, aporte importante en la arquitectura y sobre todo en el confort. Estudiando su historia y características disgregaremos los factores de el arbolado para evaluar sus funciones y aportes climáticos. Por lo que la investigación nos conlleva...

  14. Estudio Iconográfico e Iconológico del Patrimonio. El Retablo principal de la Capilla del Rosario de Santo Domingo de Las Casas. Chiapas. México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Paul Rodríguez Schaeffer

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio se realiza con la intención de difundir, conservar y rescatar el significado de la iconografía e iconología de la memoria histórica representada en los retablos de los templos cristianos, los cuales forman parte del patrimonio histórico material y que son producto de la fusión de dos culturas, la Ibérica y la indígena, dando como resultado un sincretísmo característico, el cual se puede ver plasmado en sus obras, que por el paso del tiempo se ha ido perdiendo en el olvido el significado y su función dentro de los espacios religiosos.This study was done with intent to disseminate, preserve and rescue the meaning of the iconography and iconology of historical memory, represented in the altarpieces of Christian churches, which are part of the historical material heritage and are the product of merging two cultures, the Iberian and indigenous, resulting a syncretism characteristic, which can be seen reflected in his works, which over time has been lost in oblivion the significance and role in religious spaces.

  15. El análisis arqueológico como base de dos propuestas: El Cuarto Real de Santo Domingo (Granada y el Patio del Crucero (Alcázar de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almagro Gorbea, Antonio

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological investigation applied to buildings proves helpful in many cases to unentangle aspects which are crucial to architecture but are often seen as immaterial: light, space...The relative importance of a proper knowledge of those immaterial entities for an architectural work and its conservation may differ upon the needs of the building itself. We will analyze two kinds of performance. One of them entails a physical intervention on a building with the goal of recovering its original structure and configuration through the disentanglement of successive interventions, by means of stratigraphic analysis both previous and simultaneous with the restoration process itself. In the other case, this recovery proves not feasible, not only because recovery of lost elements might be effectively impossible, but also because of the undisputed worth of other historical contributions that must be necessarily taken for granted. In this case, archaeological analysis has brought about a proposal of a virtual recreation of different historical phases that might make it possible not only to present our knowledge to non-specialized audiences in a better way, but also to consider specific aspects which are difficult to approach through the usual methods and which include the appraisal of perceptual aspects of space and form.La investigación arqueológica de los edificios ayuda en muchos casos a desentrañar aspectos que tienen que ver con la esencia misma de la arquitectura pero que muchas veces se perciben como elementos inmateriales: espacio, luz, ... La trascendencia que el conocimiento de esas realidades inmateriales tiene sobre la propia obra arquitectónica y sobre su conservación puede tener distintas concreciones según sean las necesidades que el propio edificio presente. Analizaremos dos tipos de actuaciones.Una de ellas comporta una intervención física sobre el edificio en el que se trata de recuperar la primitiva estructura y configuración sobre la base de desentrañar las sucesivas intervenciones realizadas en el mismo en base a un análisis estratigráfico previo y simultáneo a la propia restauración. En otro caso, esta recuperación resulta imposible no solo por la pérdida de elementos ya irrecuperables, sino por el indudable valor de otras aportaciones históricas que deben ser necesariamente asumidas. En este caso el análisis arqueológico ha llevado una propuesta de recreación virtual de distintas fases históricas que permiten no solo transmitir mejor nuestros conocimientos hacia el público no especializado, sino considerar determinados aspectos que resultan difícilmente abordables con los medios hasta ahora usados y que incluyen la valoración de aspectos perceptivos de los espacios y de las formas.

  16. Modelo de atención al cliente para Mundialo CÍA.LTDA. Distribuidor autorizado de claro en Santo Domingo, basado en la norma ISO/TS 10004: 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Toapanta Pauta, Verónica Andrea

    2015-01-01

    El presente estudio fundamenta la investigación para establecer “El modelo de atención al cliente para MUNDIALO CÍA. LTDA., basado en la norma ISO/TS 10004:2010”, durante su desarrollo se realizó un diagnóstico situacional, respecto a la atención al cliente, así como el levantamiento del sus principales procesos, con la ayuda de herramientas de calidad tales como el Diagrama Causa-Efecto y Pareto. La idea central es desarrollar sugerencias para el cumplimiento de las siguientes etapas: Pla...

  17. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of Espirito Santo Basin - Brazil; Evolucao tectono-estratigrafica da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Eric Zagotto; Fernandes, Flavio L.; Lobato, Gustavo; Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. de Modelagem de Bacias (LAB2M); Petersohn, Eliane [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper documents the analysis of seismic data of the Espirito Santo basin obtained during the project realized through partnership between COPPE/UFRJ/Lab2M with the Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP) during 2006 and 2007. The major objective of the seismic data interpretation in the project was to define the main structural and stratigraphic features in order to build a sedimentation model and a tectonic-stratigraphic evolution model of the Espirito Santo basin. Thus, the sedimentary package has been divided into eight genetic units (UN), grouped into five third order stratigraphic sequences, namely: UN-B, represented by siliciclastics rocks of the rift stage and evaporitic sag-rift stage, deposited during the Aptian; UN-C, which represents the carbonatic rocks deposited in a marine environment, and siliciclastics rocks located in the proximal portions during the Albian; and UN-D, represented by sediments, composed mainly by pelites, deposited in between the Cenomanian and Recent, and includes the Eocene volcanic event, which one changed the sedimentation pattern of the basin. (author)

  18. Carbon and oxygen stable isotope data as paleoenvironmental indicators for limestones from the Campos, Santos and Espirito Santo Basins, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takaki, T.; Rodrigues, R.

    1984-01-01

    Carbon and oxygen isotope data of limestones from Campos, Santos and Espirito Santo basins provided additional information on the sedimentation environments of these carbonates. The predominance of δ 13 C values between + 1,0 per mille and - 1,0 per mille samples from the Tertiary and the middle section of the Jiquia Stage (Lower Cretaceous) could indiccate, for both carbonate sequences, deposition in a normal marine environment. However, the absence of marine fossils in the Jiquia Stage but not in the Tertiary allows to suggest a normal marine environment for the latter and saline lakes for the former. More positive δ 13 C values in the upper portion of the Jiquia Stage and in the Alagoas Stage suggest a restricted marine environment, with a tendency to hypersalinity. During the Albian the carbonate sedimentation could have occurred in a marine enrironment with an above normal salinity, as indicated by values of δ 13 C between + 3,0 per mille and + 4,0 per mille. According to δ 18 O data, the surface waters were warm, with a tendency of becoming gradually cooler towards the top of the Tertiary. (Author) [pt

  19. Evidence of young, proximal and primary (YPP diamond source occurring in alluviums in the Santo Antônio do Bonito, Santo Inácio and Douradinho rivers in Coromandel region, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Silvestre Pereira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Magmatism associated with the Alto Paranaíba structural high comprises kimberlites, kamafugites, and alkaline complexes, forming an approximately 400 x 150 km NW-SE belt in the southern São Francisco Craton. Dating of some intrusions reveals ages between 120 and 75 Ma. Chemical analyses of garnet recovered in alluvium from traditional diamond digging areas indicate peridotitic garnet windows in Três Ranchos and Coromandel. Six hundred and eighty (680 diamonds acquired or recovered during mineral exploration in the digging areas of Romaria, Estrela do Sul, Três Ranchos and Coromandel show unique characteristics, certain populations indicating young, proximal and primary sources (YPP. Analyses of 201 stones from Santo Antônio do Bonito, Santo Inácio and Douradinho rivers alluvium, Coromandel, present no evidence of transport, characterizing a proximal source. Within these river basins, exposures of the Late Cretaceous Capacete Formation basal conglomerate contain mainly small rounded and/or angular quartzite pebbles and of basic and ultrabasic rocks, as well as kimberlite minerals (garnet, ilmenite, spinel, sometimes diamond. A magnetotelluric profile between the Paraná and Sanfranciscana basins shows that the thick underlying lithosphere in the Coromandel region coincides with the peridotitic garnet window and with a diamond population displaying proximal source characteristics. Diamond-bearing kimberlite intrusions occur in different areas of Alto Paranaíba.

  20. Túnel sumergido en la Bahía de Santos-Guarujá (Sao Paulo, Brasil)

    OpenAIRE

    Málaga Naranjo, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    La importancia de la ciudad de Santos se basa en su puerto, el más importante de Brasil y el mayor de toda Sudamérica. Es por ello que una buena conexión con otras ciudades cercanas se hace necesaria para mejorar y optimizar el transporte por vía marítima-carretera. En este proyecto nos centraremos en la conexión de las ciudades de Santos y Guarujá, que están separadas por el Estuario de Santos. Actualmente la unión entre estas dos ciudades se realiza mediante un ferry que cruza el Estuar...

  1. New species and records of Perlidae (Plecoptera) from Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Maísa DE Carvalho; Novaes, Marcos Carneiro; Salles, Frederico Falcão

    2017-06-01

    Two new species of the perlid genus Anacroneuria, A. rotunda n. sp and A. pitii n. sp are described from Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Additionally, six species of Anacroneuria and four species of Kempnyia are reported for the first time from Espírito Santo State. Records are also provided for A. debilis, A. subcostalis, K. flava, K. gracilenta, and K. neotropica. An undetermined species of Macrogynoplax based on nymphs is also reported from Espírito Santo State.

  2. Forbidden therapies: Santo Daime, ayahuasca, and the prohibition of entheogens in Western society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blainey, Marc G

    2015-02-01

    Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion organized around a potent psychoactive beverage called ayahuasca, is now being practiced across Europe and North America. Deeming ayahuasca a dangerous "hallucinogen," most Western governments prosecute people who participate in Santo Daime. On the contrary, members of Santo Daime (called "daimistas") consider ayahuasca a medicinal sacrament (or "entheogen"). Empirical studies corroborate daimistas' claim that entheogens are benign and can be beneficial when employed in controlled contexts. Following from anthropology's goal of rendering different cultural logics as mutually explicable, this article intercedes in a misunderstanding between policies of prohibition and an emergent subculture of entheogenic therapy.

  3. Dehydrogenase activity and quality of leachates in Technosols with gossan and sulfide materials from the São Domingos mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Erika; Abreu, Manuela; Macías, Felipe; de Varennes, Amarílis

    2014-05-01

    Wastes produced by mining activity in São Domingos (Portuguese Iberian Pyrite Belt) were disposed over a large area. To speed up the ecological rehabilitation in this mine, an integrative strategy using different amendments+mine wastes was used to produce Technosols with enhanced soil functions. To evaluate the efficiency of these Technosols the dehydrogenase activity and chemical quality of leachates were monitored. Technosols were composed of different mine wastes (gossan and sulfide materials), collected at the São Domingos mine, and mixtures of amendments applied at 30 and 75 Mg/ha (rockwool+agriculture wastes+wastes from liquors distillation of strawberry tree fruits (Arbutus unedo L.) and/or carobs (Ceratonia siliqua L. fruits)). Three assays, under controlled conditions, were carried out: (1 and 2) Sulfide or gossan materials with/without amendments; (3) Sulfide wastes, with/without amendments, incubated during four months and then with application of an overlayer of gossan (~3 cm thick) with/without the same amendments. Dehydrogenase activity (DHA) and chemical characteristics of leachates (multielemental concentration, pH, and electric conductivity) were determined after four/seven/thirteen months of incubation. Sulfide wastes had more hazardous characteristics (pH~2 and total concentrations (g/kg) of Al (58.1), As (1.1), Cu (2.1), Fe (107.3), Pb (11.7), S (65.3) and Zn (1.1) than the gossan materials (pH=4.3; g/kg, Al: 24.8, As: 3.0, Cu: 0.2, Fe: 129, Pb: 9.2, S: 13.7, Zn: 0.04). Amendments application to gossan (assay 2) enhanced DHA in both sampling periods (µg TPF g dry weight 16 h-1, Control: 0,72-1,78; Amended treatments: 2.49-16.36 depending on mixture/application rate/sampling period). Greater application rates stimulated DHA (more than 1.5-fold with 75 Mg/ha). No differences were observed in DHA in the gossan layer with/without amendments (assay 3) suggesting a negative impact on gossan microrganisms from sulfide materials located below. In

  4. Clasicismo, Neomedievalismo y Eclecticismo en la obra de Domingo Rodríguez Sesmero como arquitecto diocesano de Tui y Santiago de Compostela (1882-1897

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Filgueira, Marta

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available With the present article we try to contribute to the knowledge of the architectural work of Domingo Rodriguez Sesmero in Galice during the last thirty years of the XIX th century. It is his work as a diocesan architect of Tui and Santiago de Compostela which we study here, in the context of the process of recovering of the religious architecture in Spain during the political period of the restoration of the Spanish monarchy. We focus the study from the stylistic point of view, attending to the movement of historicism caracteristic of that period in Europe, Spain and Galice. We analyse aswell the aspects regarding architectural preservation and restoration in Galice and it's relation with european models.

    Con el presente artículo se pretende contribuir al conocimiento de la actividad arquitectónica de Domingo Rodríguez Sesmero en Galicia durante el último tercio del siglo XIX. En concreto es la faceta como arquitecto diocesano de Tui y de Santiago de Compostela la que es aquí analizada. Para ello se contextualiza dicha actividad dentro del marco de la recuperación de la edilicia religiosa en España durante los años de la Restauración borbónica. Se enfoca el estudio desde un punto de vista estilístico, valorando la obra de Domingo Rodríguez Sesmero dentro del contexto del historicismo del siglo XIX en Galicia y su relación con modelos foráneos. Se analizan también los aspectos relativos a la conservación y restauración arquitectónica de los templos gallegos teniendo en cuenta las ideas sobre el patrimonio construido propias del último tercio del XIX.

  5. Proposed strategy for improving capulín cultivation in the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolas de los Ranchos

    OpenAIRE

    Luz María Páez Reyes; Josset Sánchez Olarte; Mariano Velasco Torres; Adrián Argumedo Macías; Jesús Felipe Álvarez Gaxiola

    2013-01-01

    Currently the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolás de los Ranchos Puebla State, conditions and have a favorable climate for growing capulín, however, not being given adequate management value the crop, This causes the yields are low and its economic importance is unnoticed. The aim of the investigation was "explore how to improve the economic and productive use capulín through the revaluation of the same by the producers, because of the advantages offered by the cultivati...

  6. Muusikamaailm : Homme Verdi mälestuspäev. Placido Domingo juubel. Jansons tuleb Münchenisse. Uus peadirigent ka Berliini. Preemiaid / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Verdi 100. surma-aastapäeval toimuvatest ooperietendustest maailma tuntumates muusikateatrites. 21. jaan. tähistati New Yorgi Metropolitan Operas P.Domingo 60. juubelit galaõhtuga. M.Jansons valiti L.Maazeli järglaseks Baieri Raadio SO peadirigendi kohale. 2002.a. sügisest saab Berliini Koomilise Ooperi peadirigendiks K.Petrenko. Preemiatest ئ Tribune Internationale des Jeunes Interpreters konkursilt Leipzigis, Franco Capuana nim. noorte dirigentide konkursilt Spoletos ja Hannoveri Riigiooperi lauljate võistluselt "Orfeo"

  7. El Santo Niño de Atocha: patrimonio y turismo religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Fernández Poncela

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available this work is a reflection about crossing of roads between cultural patrimony and religious tourism, with the study of case of Santo Niño de Atocha, Plateros, Fresnillo, Zacatecas, Mexico.

  8. San Antonio-Espiritu Santo Bay, Texas Four band, 1meter resolution, UltraCam orthoimage

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Office for Coastal Management purchased digital Vexcel Ultracam imagery and digital elevation models of the Texas coastline at Espiritu-Santo Bay in 2007....

  9. Well successfully drilled with high performance water-based fluid: Santos Basins, offshore Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fornasier, Frank C.; Luzardo, Juan P. [Halliburton Company, Houston, TX (United States); Bishnoi, M.L. [Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltda. (ONGC), Dehradun (India)

    2012-07-01

    Santos Basin is a 352,260 square kilometers (136,010 sq mi) offshore pre-salt basin. It is located in the South Atlantic Ocean, some 300 kilometers (190 mi) South East of Sao Paulo, Brazil. One of the largest Brazilian sedimentary basins, it is the site of several recent significant oil fields, including Tupi and Jupiter. The criteria for drilling fluid selection is based upon the following factors: maximum cost efficiency, environmental friendliness, optimum borehole stability, and ease of use. The recommended drilling fluid formulation takes into consideration the experience gained during the drilling of wells in the Santos Basin area. The operator wanted to use a high-performance water-based fluid (HPWBF) that could provide shale inhibition, wellbore stability, lubricity and improved rate of penetration (ROP) as an alternative to synthetic-based drilling fluids to present value in terms of economics and environmental friendliness. The HPWBF consists of three synergistic products: a hydration suppressant, a dispersion suppressant, and an accretion suppressant. The system is formulated based on customized solutions for managing the clay reactivity. High logistics costs require drilling fluids that can be prepared with sea water and discharged to the sea without environmental impact. The HPWBF is a clay-free system designed for maximum shale inhibition in highly reactive formations. The system can provide wellbore stability, high rates of penetration, and acceptable rheological properties over a wide range of temperatures, with the added benefit of allowing cuttings discharge based upon water base environmental restrictions. Since no oil is used in the formulation, the HPWBF eliminates the need for cuttings processing and monitoring equipment, and exceeds the environmental requirements by achieving an LC50 value of 345,478.22 ppm in comparison with the minimum requirement (LC50 > 30,000 ppm in 96 hr), permitting use and discharge to the sea. The HPWBF selected

  10. SANTO TOMÁS, O TOMISMO E O DIREITO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Frederico Gurgel Calvet da Silveira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Santo Tomás recebeu de Aristóteles a concepção da excelência da política e, ao comentar a obrade Aristóteles, chama esse saber de ciência arquitetônica. Por outro lado, dentro de uma concepção que setornará determinante na história do Ocidente até Maquiavel, Tomás subordina a política e o direito àética. Nada disso seria possível se estas ciências, por sua vez, não estivessem fundamentadas numametafísica sólida. De que metafísica se trata? É importante abordar, mesmo que brevemente, essa noção eas noções principais da metafísica tomista, que chamamos de tomismo essencial, para que se possaentender sua teoria sobre a justiça. Assim como todo o pensamento de Santo Tomás, esta teoria sofreuimportantes transformações em sua história, marcadas, sobretudo, por um desvio da metafísica do ser. Arecuperação da sua metafísica original permite compreender conceitos como o de lei e de direito naturalna dinâmica da participação do ser, assim como entender a justiça como uma virtude ascendente conexaa outras virtudes, sem as quais não pode ser realizada. // St. Thomas Aquinas received from Aristotle the conception of the excellence of Politics, andcommenting on the work of Aristotle, he calls this knowledge architectural science. On the other hand, ina conception that will become crucial in the history of the West to Machiavelli, Thomas submits Lawand Politics to Ethics. None of this would be possible if these sciences, in turn, were not grounded in asolid metaphysical. What is metaphysics? It is important to address, albeit briefly, this notion and themain notions of Thomistic metaphysics, which we call essential Thomism, so you can understand histheory of justice. Just like the thought of St. Thomas, this theory has undergone significanttransformations in its history, marked mainly by a deviation from the metaphysics of being. The recoveryof its original metaphysical allows us to understand the concepts of law and

  11. Ecotoxicological assessment of sediments from the Port of Santos and the disposal sites of dredged material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduinetty Ceci P. M. Sousa

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The dredging of sediments from the Santos Channel is necessary to allow the navigation of ships operating in the Port of Santos. The disposal sites for such sediments are situated on the coastal zone, in front of the Santos Bay. The present paper aimed at evaluating the toxicity of sediments collected at the Santos Channel and at the former and current sediment disposal sites. Whole sediment tests with amphipods and elutriate assays with sea-urchin embryos were used. The samples from the Santos Channel were considered the most toxic: all the sediment samples from this area showed toxicity. Moreover, some samples from both former and new sediment disposal sites exhibited toxicity. Therefore, results showed that sediments from the studied areas present evidences of degradation; however, further studies are required to determine relationships between toxicity and contamination. Results also suggested that the disposal of dredged sediments should be re-evaluated.A dragagem dos sedimentos do Canal de Santos é necessária para permitir o trânsito de navios que operam no Porto de Santos. As áreas de disposição do material dragado estão situadas na zona costeira, em frente à Baía de Santos. Este estudo visou avaliar a qualidade dos sedimentos do Canal de Santos e das áreas de disposição atuais e antigas, utilizando testes de toxicidade de sedimento integral com anfípodos e de toxicidade de elutriatos com embriões de ouriço do mar. As amostras do Canal de Santos foram consideradas as mais tóxicas: todas as amostras dessa área foram consideradas significativamente tóxicas. Além disso, algumas amostras das áreas de disposição exibiram toxicidade. Os resultados mostraram, portanto, que os sedimentos apresentam evidências de degradação em sua qualidade, porém novos estudos devem ser conduzidos visando determinar as relações entre contaminação e toxicidade. Os resultados sugerem ainda que a disposição dos sedimentos dragados

  12. Studies of movement of sediments in Santos bay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bandeira, J.V.; Aun, P.E.; Bomtempo, V.L.; Salim, L.H.; Minardi, P.S.P.; Santos, J.A.

    1990-01-01

    In the years of 1973, 74, 80, 81 and 85 several studies were performed at Santos bay, using radioactive tracers, with the following main objectives: to evaluate the behaviour (on the bottom and in suspension) of the mixture of silt and clay which is dredged from the estuary and from its access channel and dumped at pre-determined sites, in the bay and surrounding regions, with the objective of optimizing dredging disposal operations; to quantify the movement of sandy sediments on the bottom, in 3 areas of the bay, in summer and winter conditions, to obtain pertinent information related to the siltation of the access channel. As results of these studies, it was found that: the ancient dumping site, near Itaipu Point, in the western limit of the bay, was inadequate, since the material could return to the bay and to the estuary. The dumping site was moved to a region at the south of Moela Island, located eastwards relative to the bay, which brought substantial economies in dredging works; the bottom sediment transport was quantified, following clouds of tagged materials for about 8 months, thus obtaining important conclusions about transport rates in different regions of the bay. An analysis of the intervening hydrodynamic agents is also presented. (author) (L.J.C.)

  13. El empleo de armamento como elemento de aporte cronológico al arte rupestre postpaleolítico del cerro de San Isidro (Domingo García, Segovia)

    OpenAIRE

    Pecci Tenrero, Hipólito

    2016-01-01

    La dificultad que entraña el establecimiento de una horquilla cronológica, más o menos determinada, para ubicar la estación de arte rupestre postpaleolítico de Domingo García (Segovia) en una época concreta, pues hasta el momento las técnicas e

  14. Detailed forest formation mapping in the land cover map series for the Caribbean islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmer, E. H.; Schill, S.; Pedreros, D. H.; Tieszen, L. L.; Kennaway, T.; Cushing, M.; Ruzycki, T.

    2006-12-01

    than when IKONOS or Landsat imagery was hand-digitized, as it was for the Dominican Republic (7) and Barbados. 1. T. Kennaway, E. H. Helmer. (Intl Inst of Tropical Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico, 2006). 2. A. Areces-Mallea et al. (The Nature Conservancy, 1999). 3. E. H. Helmer, O. Ramos, T. Lopez, M. Quiñones, W. Diaz, Carib J Sci 38, 165-183 (2002). 4. C. Daly, E. H. Helmer, M. Quiñones, Int J Climatology 23, 1359-1381 (2003). 5. T. G. Farr, M. Kobrick, Eos Transactions 81, 583-585 (2000). 6. E. H. Helmer, B. Ruefenacht, Photogrammetric Eng Rem Sens 71, 1079-1089 (2005). 7. S. Hernández, M. Pérez. (Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de la República Dominicana, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 2005).

  15. Diagenesis of the Mucuri Member sandstones, lower cretaceous in the Espirito Santo and Mucuri Basins; Diagenese dos arenitos do Membro Mucuri, cretaceo inferior das Bacias do Espirito Santo e de Mucuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Carlos Manuel de Assis; Anjos, Sylvia Maria Couto dos [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas. Dib. de Geologia e Engenharia de Reservatorios

    1996-01-01

    The diagenetic evolution of the sandy conglomerate sediments belonging to the Mucuri Member was regionally defined in the basins of Espirito Santo and Mucuri from samples collected in 24 wells at depths varying from 500 m to 3,000 m. Nine hundred meters of core samples were described, and 600 thin sections were prepared to be studied at the petrographic microscope and later at the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Samples were also analyze using X-ray diffraction in order to determine the clay minerals content as well as carbon and oxygen isotopic determination of the carbonate cements. The Mucuri Member consists of Alagoas and pre-Alagoas age sediments from alluvial-fluvial-deltaic environments, of arid climate, deposited during the rift phase of the Espirito Santo and Mucuri basins. The Aptian portion (Alagoas age) presents intercalations of typically marine shales. Thus, the Alagoas age sediments present formation water with a distinctive composition from the pre-Alagoas age sediments (continental) responsible for different diagenetic changes in both packages. Moreover, the pre-Alagoas sediments had a burial history characterized by a longer residence time at greater depths than the Alagoas package, and thereby being more susceptible to mesodiagnetic processes. Most reservoirs of the Mucuri Member are of the Alagoas age, and because of better sampling a more detailed description is given. These reservoirs were also deeply affected by eodiagenesis, with particular emphasis in calcite precipitation in zones of sulfate reduction and methagenesis and authigenesis of smectites, which is the main agent responsible for the large amounts of clay minerals present in these reservoirs. several other diagenetic processes were identified in the Mucuri Member being however less efficient in reducing the pore space. The progressive utilization of the clay minerals, the albitization of the feldspar and the precipitation of quartz overgrowth were the mesodiagenetic features

  16. Santo André: Integración de Programas para Promover la Inclusión Social

    OpenAIRE

    Rosana Denaldi

    2003-01-01

    En este trabajo trataremos del programa "Santo André Más Igual", desarrollado desde 1998 en la ciudad de Santo André ubicada en la Región del Gran ABC, en la Región Metropolitana de San Pablo (RMSP) Brasil.

  17. Marco Tulio Cicerón y Domingo Faustino Sarmiento: Expresión de la "Utilitas" política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria de la O Vidal Teruel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo trata de abordar las posibles similitudes existentes en el pensamiento político de dos personajes aparentemente inconexos y ciertamente significativos en sus respectivos contextos históricos: el romano Marco Tulio Cicerón (Siglo I a.C. y el argentino Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (Siglo XIX d.C.. A través del análisis de dos obras fundamentales dentro de la producción de cada uno de ello, De republica y Facundo o Civilización y Barbarie, respectivamente, es posible encontrar lazos que unen ambas realidades históricas en lo que respecta a su concepción sobre la filosofía de la política y su aplicación práctica (utilitas para la obtención del mejor sistema de gobierno posible.

  18. Proposed strategy for improving capulín cultivation in the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolas de los Ranchos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz María Páez Reyes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolás de los Ranchos Puebla State, conditions and have a favorable climate for growing capulín, however, not being given adequate management value the crop, This causes the yields are low and its economic importance is unnoticed. The aim of the investigation was "explore how to improve the economic and productive use capulín through the revaluation of the same by the producers, because of the advantages offered by the cultivation in its management and low investment”. For data collection a semistructured interview wasapplied to 15 key informants five municipality respectively. For data analysis tool was used the problem tree and a SWOT. Among the outstanding results we found that capulín has opportunities that can be exploited as an economic alternative for low-income producers or for the unemployed, because their characteristics and management can be easily cultivated.

  19. Genetic variability of wild populations of Leporinus elongatus in the São Domingos River - MS Brazil: a preliminary view on the construction of the hydroelectric plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pereira Ribeiro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Most of the electricity used in Brazil comes from hydroelectric plants, mainly due to the great availability of its water resources. However, the construction of these plants denotes serious problems related to migration of native fish and the genetic conservation of stocks. Current study evaluates two wild population of Leporinus elongatus (piapara located downstream (Population A - PopA and upstream (Population B - PopB of the Cachoeira Branca before the construction of the São Domingos hydroelectric plant (HPP in the Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Thirty samples from caudal fins were collected and analyzed for each population. Eighty-nine fragments, including 72 polymorphic ones (80.9%, were analyzed. Low fragments (less than 0.100 in both populations (PopA = 2 and PopB = 3 were identified. Nine fixed fragments (frequency 1.000 (PopA = 3 and PopB = 6, and four exclusive fragments (PopA = 3 and PopB = 1 were also reported. The genetic variability within populations, calculated by Shannon Index and by percentage of polymorphic fragments, indicated high rates of intrapopulation variability (PopA = 0.309 and 61.80% and PopB = 0.392 and 71.90%, respectively. Genetic distance and identity rates (0.089 and 0.915, respectively were different between populations, whilst AMOVA showed that most variations lie within the populations and not between them. Fst and Nm rates showed moderate genetic differentiation with low numbers of migrants. Results reveal populations with high intra-population genetic variability and genetic differentiation, with low gene flow. The passage ladders of São Domingos HPP should control fish transposition to preserve genetic variability.

  20. Actual stage of organic geochemical knowledge from Campos and Espirito Santo basins, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaglianone, P.C.; Trindade, L.A.F.

    1987-01-01

    Campos and Espirito Santo basins display several similar geochemical aspects. The microbial and other degradation processes caused changes in the composition of the oils in the reservoir rocks. The oils are biodegraded in different degrees, with the reservoir temperature developing an important role in the control of the biodegradation process. The migration pathway model is similar for Campos and Espirito Santo basins, involving the upward secondary migration through a window in the evaporitic seals. The oils passed to the marine sequence where migration and accumulation were controlled by faults, regional unconformities and by reservoirs. The geochemical correlation of oils are realized by gaseous and liquid chromatography analysis, carbon isotopes and biolabelled compounds. (author)

  1. Integrated management of operations in Santos Basin: methodology applied to a new philosophy of operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Leandro Leonardo; Lima, Claudio Benevenuto de Campos [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Derenzi Neto, Dario [Accenture, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pinto, Vladimir Steffen [Soda IT, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lima, Gilson Brito Alves [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the methodology used to develop the Integrated Management of Operations (GIOp) project in Santos Basin Operational Unit (UO-BS) in the South-Southeast Exploration and Production area of PETROBRAS. The following text describes how the activities were carried out to gather improvements opportunities and to design To-Be processes, considering the challenging environment of the Santos Basin in the coming years. At the end of more than 12 months of work, more than 50 processes and sub-processes were redesigned, involving a multidisciplinary team in the areas of operations, maintenance, safety, health and environment, flow assurance, wells, reservoirs and planning. (author)

  2. RAPHAEL SAMÚ: Experiências do muralismo no Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    GONCALVES, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A proposta deste estudo é investigar o processo de criação do artista plástico brasileiro Raphael Samú, tendo como recorte sua obra em mosaico mural, mais especificamente o mural presente na entrada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo UFES, em Vitória - Espírito Santo. Para tal, investigaremos através dos pressupostos da Crítica Genética e da Crítica Inferencial quais foram os caminhos tomados pelo artista durante a confecção de tal obra, apontando assim a intencionalidade do projet...

  3. APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology: Octavio Andres Santos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded annually by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. The 2017 award winner is Octavio Andres Santos, who has demonstrated through several initiatives "effective engagement with advocacy, professional organizations, and research in the area of health disparities and multicultural/multilingual assessment." Santos's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  4. Santos Basin Geological Structures Mapped by Cross-gradient Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jilinski, P.; Fontes, S. L.

    2011-12-01

    Introduction We mapped regional-scale geological structures localized in offshore zone Santos Basin, South-East Brazilian Coast. The region is dominated by transition zone from oceanic to continental crust. Our objective was to determine the imprint of deeper crustal structures from correlation between bathymetric, gravity and magnetic anomaly maps. The region is extensively studied for oil and gas deposits including large tectonic sub-salt traps. Our method is based on gradient directions and their magnitudes product. We calculate angular differences and cross-product and access correlation between properties and map structures. Theory and Method We used angular differences and cross-product to determine correlated region between bathymetric, free-air gravity and magnetic anomaly maps. This gradient based method focuses on borders of anomalies and uses its morphological properties to access correlation between their sources. We generated maps of angles and cross-product distribution to locate correlated regions. Regional scale potential fields maps of FA and MA are a reflection of the overlaying and overlapping effects of the adjacent structures. Our interest was in quantifying and characterizing the relation between shapes of magnetic anomalies and gravity anomalies. Results Resulting maps show strong correlation between bathymetry and gravity anomaly and bathymetry and magnetic anomaly for large strictures including Serra do Mar, shelf, continental slope and rise. All maps display the regional dominance of NE-SW geological structures alignment parallel to the shore. Special interest is presented by structures transgressing this tendency. Magnetic, gravity anomaly and bathymetry angles map show large correlated region over the shelf zone and smaller scale NE-SW banded structures over abyssal plane. From our interpretation the large band of inverse correlation adjacent to the shore is generated by the gravity effect of Serra do Mar. Disrupting structures including

  5. Violence against women, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Franciele Marabotti Costa; Amorim, Maria Helena Costa; Wehrmeister, Fernando C; Gigante, Denise Petrucci

    2017-04-10

    To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women's family and life history was developed. The statistical analyzes used were Poisson regression, Fisher's exact test and Chi-square. The prevalence we observed were psychological 25.3% (95%CI 22.6-28.2); physical 9.9% (95%CI 8.1-11.9) and sexual 5.7% (95%CI 4.3-7.3). Psychological violence remained associated with education, marital status, maternal history of intimate partner violence, sexual violence in childhood and drug use, while physical assault was related to age, education, marital status and maternal history of intimate partner violence. Sexual violence occurred the most among women with low income, and victims of sexual violence in childhood. Psychological, physical and sexual violence showed highly frequency among women assisted by primary care services. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors, personal experiences, and maternal violence influence the phenomenon. Estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados às violências psicológica, física e sexual nas mulheres vítimas de violência perpetrada pelo parceiro íntimo atendidas nos serviços de atenção primária. Estudo transversal, realizado em 26 unidades de saúde do município de Vitória, no Espírito Santo, de março a setembro de 2014. Foram entrevistadas 991 usuárias de 20 a 59 anos. Para classificar as violências psicológica, física e sexual foi utilizado o instrumento da Organização Mundial de Sa

  6. Santos estuarine sediments, Brazil - metal and trace element assessment by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T.; Berbel, Glaucia; Braga, Elisabete S.

    2009-01-01

    The Santos estuary system is an intricate pattern of tidal channels and small rivers originating from the adjacent Pre-Cambrian slopes. These two major estuaries share a common area in the upper portion of the region which interacts with each other. The largest harbor in Latin America is located at the eastern outlet of the Santos estuary. This intricate and sensitive ecosystem is highly susceptible to human impact from industrial activities, urban sewage and polluted solid wastes disposal. Due to its high vulnerability CETESB (Environmental Control Agency of the Sao Paulo State) sporadically monitors the contamination levels of water, sediment and marine organisms in this region. The present study reports results concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirty two bottom sediment samples (SS0601 to SS0616 (summer) and SW0601 to SW0616 (winter) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao and Vicente de Carvalho, by a vanVeen sampler in the summer and winter of 2006. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values) and are adopted by CETESB. (author)

  7. Santos estuarine sediments, Brazil - metal and trace element assessment by neutron activation analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T., E-mail: ducamorim@yahoo.com.b, E-mail: defavaro@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP) Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Berbel, Glaucia; Braga, Elisabete S., E-mail: edsbraga@usp.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos nos Oceanos (LABNUT)

    2009-07-01

    The Santos estuary system is an intricate pattern of tidal channels and small rivers originating from the adjacent Pre-Cambrian slopes. These two major estuaries share a common area in the upper portion of the region which interacts with each other. The largest harbor in Latin America is located at the eastern outlet of the Santos estuary. This intricate and sensitive ecosystem is highly susceptible to human impact from industrial activities, urban sewage and polluted solid wastes disposal. Due to its high vulnerability CETESB (Environmental Control Agency of the Sao Paulo State) sporadically monitors the contamination levels of water, sediment and marine organisms in this region. The present study reports results concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirty two bottom sediment samples (SS0601 to SS0616 (summer) and SW0601 to SW0616 (winter) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao and Vicente de Carvalho, by a vanVeen sampler in the summer and winter of 2006. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values) and are adopted by CETESB. (author)

  8. Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu Stable Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1806 to 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Site: Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu, 15S, 167E. 173 year record of d18O and d13C. Variable names: QSR Age, QSR 13C, QSR 18O, GRL Age, GRL Qtrly 13C, GRL Qtrly 18O,...

  9. Bryophytes from restinga in Setiba State Park, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Visnadi, Sandra Regina; Vital, Daniel Moreira

    1995-01-01

    A total of 34 bryophyte species were identified (25 hepatics, 9 mosses) from restinga at Setiba State Park, Guarapari Municipality, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Several species reported previously from restinga appear to be erroneous records, based on misidentification.

  10. Plant community tolerant to trace elements growing on the degraded soils of São Domingos mine in the south east of Portugal: environmental implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, H; Prasad, M N V; Pratas, J

    2004-03-01

    The selection of trace element tolerant species is a key factor to the success of remediation of degraded mine soils. Mining activities generate a large amount of waste rocks and tailings, which get deposited at the surface. The degraded soils, the waste rocks and tailings are often very unstable and will become sources of pollution. The direct effects will be the loss of cultivated land, forest or grazing land, and the overall loss of production. The indirect effects will include air and water pollution and siltation of rivers. These will eventually lead to the loss of biodiversity, amenity and economic wealth. Restoration of a vegetation cover can fulfil the objectives of stabilization, pollution control, visual improvement and removal of threats to human beings. Thus, remediation of mine spoils/tailings and biogeochemical prospecting would rely on the appropriate selection of plant species. Plant community responds differently on their ability to uptake or exclude a variety of metals. In this work, plant species were sampled from all populations established in an abandoned copper mine of São Domingos, SE Portugal. Plants belonging to 24 species, 16 genera and 13 families were collected from the degraded copper mine of São Domingos. Plant samples were analysed for total Ag, As, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn. The highest concentrations of metals in soils dry matter were 11217.5 mg Pb kg(-1), 1829 mg Cu kg(-1), 1291 mg As kg(-1), 713.7 mg Zn kg(-1), 84.6 mg Cr kg(-1), 54.3 mg Co kg(-1), 52.9 mg Ni kg(-1) and 16.6 mg Ag kg(-1). With respect to plants, the higher concentrations of Pb and As were recorded in the semi-aquatic species Juncus conglomeratus with 84.8 and 23.5 mg kg(-1) dry weight (DW), Juncus efusus with 22.4 and 8.5 mg kg(-1) DW, and Scirpus holoschoenus with 51.7 and 8.0 mg kg(-1) DW, respectively. Thymus mastichina also showed high content of As in the aboveground parts, 13.6 mg kg(-1) DW. Overall, the results indicate accumulation of various metals by

  11. El imaginario tecnológico de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento: representaciones y arquetipos de América (1845-1885

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azcona Pastor, José Manuel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the technical dimension of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento’s imaginary and its influence on the construction of representations concerning nature, human types, progress of nations, and scientific personalities. As we will see, the influential Argentine statesman and writer creates, from a technologistic perspective, a wide variety of images and archetypes which can be traced in different publications. The aim of this paper is then to present these different types of symbolic features as a result of his technological attitude and to expose them according to a division that comprises four categories: the first one is devoted to images of an hostile nature; the second one examines the human archetypes he considers; the third one deals with the model nations (in particular, as a result of his trip to the United States, and the fourth one focuses on the treatment of scientists and engineers as heroes and agents of progress.El artículo examina la dimensión técnica del imaginario de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento y su influencia en la construcción de representaciones sobre la naturaleza, los tipos humanos, el progreso de las naciones, la educación y los personajes científicos. Como se verá, el influyente estadista argentino crea desde una mirada tecnologista una amplia variedad de imágenes y arquetipos que pueden reconocerse en diversas obras. El propósito del trabajo es pues la presentación de estos símbolos como un resultado de su actitud tecnológica y su exposición siguiendo una división que comprende cuatro categorías: la primera dedicada a las imágenes de una naturaleza hostil; la segunda a los arquetipos humanos; la tercera a las naciones modelo (en especial, como resultado de su viaje a Estados Unidos y la cuarta al tratamiento de la figura del científico y del tecnólogo como héroes y agentes del progreso.

  12. Macroalgas submareales de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México Submareal macroalgae of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Aguilar-Rosas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de identificar y caracterizar la composición de especies de la zona submareal de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México; se realizaron muestreos de macroalgas marinas bentónicas en 7 sitios durante 1995-2000. Como resultado de 25 buceos Scuba entre 3 y 33 m de profundidad se encontraron 150 especies de macroalgas para el área de estudio; 10 son Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta y 114 Rhodophyta. Del total, 47 son registros nuevos para el área de estudio y 2 de éstos, Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell y Minium parvum R.L. Moe, son nuevos para la flora marina del Pacífico de México. Se incluye una revisión de las investigaciones en las que se han considerado las macroalgas presentes en la bahía de Todos Santos y una discusión sobre la composición de las especies encontradas, su distribución vertical y reproducción, así como sobre las especies epífitas y parásitas del área.In order to identify and characterize the species composition of the subtidal zone of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico, benthic marine macroalgae were sampled at 7 sites from 1995 to 2000. As a result of 25 scuba at derds for the study area, of which Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell and R.L Moe Minium parvum are new to the marine flora of Pacific Mexico. We include a research that consider the macroalpths between 3 and 33 m we found a total of 150 species of macroalgae for the study area, of which 10 are Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta and 114 Rhodophyta; 47 species represent new recogae in the Todos Santos Bay and a discussion on the composition of species found, its vertical distribution and reproduction, particularly the species epiphytes and parasites present in the study area.

  13. Evaluation of the natural radioactivity at sands of anomalous regions of Espirito Santo state, Brazil; Avaliacao da radioatividade natural em areias de regioes anomalas do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquino, Reginaldo Ribeiro de; Pecequilo, Brigitte Roxana Soreanu, E-mail: raquino@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-10-26

    The natural radioactivity in sands of anomalous regions of the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were calculated from the concentration of activity of {sup 40}K, {sup 225}Ra and {sup 232}Th for the places of south and central of Camburi, Curva da Jurema, Ilha do Boi, Setibinha, south and central area of Praia da Areia Preta, denominated Black Spot. The samples were sealed and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry and after a expectation time pf 30 days, until to reach a radioactive equilibrium

  14. La moda y sus figuras de mujer: tópicos para leer a Domingo Sarmiento en momentos fundacionales de la nación en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie R. Goldwaser Yankelevich

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En el presente escrito se afirma que en la primera mitad del siglo XIX, la mujer estuvo invisibilizada en la fundación de la nación en Argentina, qua sujeto de derechos políticos. Sin embargo, la intelligentsia de aquella época la notaba factor de transformación de nuevas tendencias aunque también de conservación de ciertas costumbres. Domingo F. Sarmiento ha dejado testimonios insoslayables del lugar de las figuras de la mujer en relación con la moda no solo en cuanto a estilos, indumentaria y costumbres, sino también en novedades culturales, sociales y políticas. La moda, a su vez, participó de la problemática de la época: la tensión entre la civilización y la barbarie, las diferencias entre los sexos y su vínculo problemático sobre la igualdad y la libertad.

  15. A contribution towards the risk assessment of soils from the São Domingos Mine (Portugal): Chemical, microbial and ecotoxicological indicators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alvarenga, Paula; Palma, Patrícia; Varennes, Amarilis de; Cunha-Queda, Ana C.

    2012-01-01

    This study is a contribution towards a risk assessment of the São Domingos Mine area (Portugal), integrating information from: soil physicochemical characteristics, pseudo-total and bioavailable trace elements (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), ecotoxicological evaluation, and microbial indicators. The bioassays using soil eluates (seed germination, luminescent inhibition of Vibrio fischeri and Daphnia magna immobilization) confirmed the soil toxicity categorization obtained with the bioassays using soil (plant growth tests, Eisenia fetida mortality and avoidance behaviour). However, the soil identified as the most toxic using bioassays, was different from the expected when considering the results from pseudo-total and effective bioavailable trace elements. Taking in consideration the observations, it is highly recommended to complement the results from environmental chemistry with results from bioassays, in order to provide a more complete and relevant information on the bioavailability of contaminants and to characterize the risk of contaminated soils. - Highlights: ► Impaired soil retention and habitat functions for all tested soils. ► Aquatic and terrestrial bioassays agreed in the soil toxicity categorization. ► Do results obtained by chemical methods really translate into “biological availability”? ► In multi-contaminated sites, risk estimation based only on chemical methods is inadequate. ► Bioassays provide a more realistic risk assessment of contaminated sites. - Bioassays provide a more complete and relevant information to characterize the risk of contaminated soils, and should be used to complement chemical results.

  16. 2000 annual report of Espirito Santo Centrais Eletricas S. A. - ESCELSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    This document reports the activities of the Espirito Santo Electric Power Plants, Brazil, during the year 2000. The document presents figures on economic and financial, market, human resources, and indicators of the operating margin, personnel plus third party services and net operating revenue, energy losses, equivalent outage duration per customer, equivalent frequency outage per customer, average service response time and the number of customers per employee

  17. A RELIGIOSIDADE POPULAR NOS EXERCÍCIOS ESPIRITUAIS DE SANTO INÁCIO DE LOYOLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Codina

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Uma primeira impressão frente ao texto e à prática dos Exercícios Espirituais de Santo Inácio (EE nos levaria à conclusão de que os EE se dirigem prioritariamente aos setores não populares da sociedade e da Igreja, e que tanto seu conteúdo como sua estrutura respondem a uma espiritualidade culta e quase elitista.

  18. Teresa y Luis, Luis y Teresa. Dos santos en tiempos recios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Callado Estela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la relación entre dos grandes santos españoles de la Contrarreforma Católica, Teresa de Jesús y el dominico fray Luis Bertrán. The present article analyses the relation between two big Spanish saints of the Catholic Counterreformation, Teresa de Jesus and the Dominican monk Luis Bertrán.

  19. Santo Tomás y los demás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rincón

    1988-10-01

    Full Text Available La filosofia del medioevo. VIII Coloquio de la Sociedad Colombiana de Filosofia. J.A. Díaz, J.P. Margot, A.L. Gómez, E. Lákatos, A. Cárdenas, G. Soto, D. Herrera, A. Papacchini, J. Zabalza. Biblioteca Colombiana de Filosofía, Universidad de Santo Tomás, Bogotá, 1987, 138 págs.

  20. Casa Santos Lima : from “Business as Usual” to “Expand”

    OpenAIRE

    Sabido, João Oliveira da Silva

    2016-01-01

    The case study aims to evaluate the strategy formulation of Casa Santos Lima (CSL), a Portuguese wine company, whose profile and competitive business were very useful to discuss and recommend overall strategic priorities that should guide CLS’s development and overcome with success rather challenging times ahead. From a traditional wine farm located in Alenquer, in the denominated wine producer area of Lisbon, CSL implemented a philosophy of management based on high quality ...

  1. The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Strauss

    Full Text Available We present here evidence for an early Holocene case of decapitation in the New World (Burial 26, found in the rock shelter of Lapa do Santo in 2007. Lapa do Santo is an archaeological site located in the Lagoa Santa karst in east-central Brazil with evidence of human occupation dating as far back as 11.7-12.7 cal kyBP (95.4% interval. An ultra-filtered AMS age determination on a fragment of the sphenoid provided an age range of 9.1-9.4 cal kyBP (95.4% interval for Burial 26. The interment was composed of an articulated cranium, mandible and first six cervical vertebrae. Cut marks with a v-shaped profile were observed in the mandible and sixth cervical vertebra. The right hand was amputated and laid over the left side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the chin and the left hand was amputated and laid over the right side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the forehead. Strontium analysis comparing Burial 26's isotopic signature to other specimens from Lapa do Santo suggests this was a local member of the group. Therefore, we suggest a ritualized decapitation instead of trophy-taking, testifying for the sophistication of mortuary rituals among hunter-gatherers in the Americas during the early Archaic period. In the apparent absence of wealth goods or elaborated architecture, Lapa do Santo's inhabitants seemed to use the human body to express their cosmological principles regarding death.

  2. The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, André; Oliveira, Rodrigo Elias; Bernardo, Danilo V; Salazar-García, Domingo C; Talamo, Sahra; Jaouen, Klervia; Hubbe, Mark; Black, Sue; Wilkinson, Caroline; Richards, Michael Phillip; Araujo, Astolfo G M; Kipnis, Renato; Neves, Walter Alves

    2015-01-01

    We present here evidence for an early Holocene case of decapitation in the New World (Burial 26), found in the rock shelter of Lapa do Santo in 2007. Lapa do Santo is an archaeological site located in the Lagoa Santa karst in east-central Brazil with evidence of human occupation dating as far back as 11.7-12.7 cal kyBP (95.4% interval). An ultra-filtered AMS age determination on a fragment of the sphenoid provided an age range of 9.1-9.4 cal kyBP (95.4% interval) for Burial 26. The interment was composed of an articulated cranium, mandible and first six cervical vertebrae. Cut marks with a v-shaped profile were observed in the mandible and sixth cervical vertebra. The right hand was amputated and laid over the left side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the chin and the left hand was amputated and laid over the right side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the forehead. Strontium analysis comparing Burial 26's isotopic signature to other specimens from Lapa do Santo suggests this was a local member of the group. Therefore, we suggest a ritualized decapitation instead of trophy-taking, testifying for the sophistication of mortuary rituals among hunter-gatherers in the Americas during the early Archaic period. In the apparent absence of wealth goods or elaborated architecture, Lapa do Santo's inhabitants seemed to use the human body to express their cosmological principles regarding death.

  3. Factors related to severe dengue during an epidemic in Vitoria, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente, Creuza Rachel; Lauar, Julia Castanheira; Santos, Bruna Silva; Cobe, Victor Marchesi; Cerutti Junior, Crispim

    2013-01-01

    Introduction The prognosis of dengue depends on early diagnosis and treatment, which can help prevent severe forms whose characteristics were evaluated here. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted involving dengue cases in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 2011. Results Two health regions registered 56.3% of 371 cases of severe dengue. Of these cases, 21.3% presented with dengue hemorrhagic fever. There were associations between dengue hemorrhagic fever with yo...

  4. Santos e devotos no império ultramarino português

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Catão Cruz Santos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz uma história da coleção de vilancicos de São Gonçalo de Amarante, que integram a Coleção Barbosa Machado na Biblioteca Nacional do Rio de Janeiro e, simultaneamente, apresenta reflexões sobre a relação santo-devoto no Império Ultramarino Português no século XVIII. Os vilancicos são identificados como um gênero retórico poético que evoca o santo e uma prática religiosa que contrastava com outras. Parte-se de uma perspectiva comparativa entre os vilancicos e outras evidências sobre a relação santo-devoto e, em particular, sobre o santo e sua festa na sociedade colonial escravista. O artigo dialoga com a historiografia centrada na noção de Império e com uma bibliografia da História e das Ciências Sociais voltada para a relação santodevoto, a santidade e as festas.The paper produces a story of vilancicos for Saint Gonçalo do Amarante, that are part of the Rio de Janeiro National Library Barbosa Machado Collection and presents reflections on the relation saint-devotees in the Portuguese Overseas Empire during the 18th century. The vilancicos are identified as a rhetoric poetic genre that reminds the saint and a religious practice that contrasted with others. It starts from a comparative perspective between the vilancicos and other evidences about the relation saint-devotee, and in particular, about the saint and his feast in a colonial and proslavery society. The article deals with the historiography centered in the notion of Empire, and with a bibliography of History and Social Sciences pointed to the relation saint-devotee, the holiness and the feasts.

  5. Analysis of lichen species for atmospheric pollution biomonitoring in the Santo Andre municipality, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saiki, M.; Alves, E.R.; Marcelli, M.P.

    2007-01-01

    Instrumental neutron activation analysis was applied for the determination of trace elements in Canoparmelia texana species collected in nonpolluted areas of Atlantic Forest and in six sites of Santo Andre Municipality, SP, Brazil. Concentrations of As, Ba, Br, Ca, Cd, Cl, Cr, Cs, Co, Fe, K, La, Mn, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, U, and Zn were determined and comparisons were made between the results obtained in lichens from different sites

  6. The price of the natural gas in the producing states: Espirito Santo case; O preco do gas natural nos estados produtores: caso Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cometi, Darcy Lannes

    2008-07-01

    The State of the Espirito Santo will become until the end of 2008, one of the main producers and natural gas exporters of Brazil, where, according to PETROBRAS, the State will produce about 20 million /day m{sup 3}, what it will go to contribute significantly for reduction of the dependence of the Bolivian gas, and still to give support to the natural gas sector in Brazil. The Intention of this work, is to identify proposals so that it has left of the gas produced in the State of the Espirito Santo, has a differentiated price. It does not make sensible the State to pay for the gas that is removed in its proper territory the same price that paid Sao Paulo for the gas that consumes imported of national Bolivia. With the markdown of the gas the State will be able to attract investments of great transport, to generate job and income and to advance in the question of the regional development that is of great importance for the developed cities less. Important to stand out that this study it will present proposals to try to sensitize PETROBRAS, initiating a quarrel on the subject. (author)

  7. A Coligação Operária de Santos quebrou a pasmaceira Workers’ Colligation of Santos ceased the apathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dainis Karepovs

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Examina-se o surgimento e a ação da Coligação Operária de Santos nas eleições municipais de 29 de novembro de 1925. A Coligação Operária, que atuou até 1930, foi a primeira organização eleitoral criada pelo Partido Comunista do Brasil (PCB e que encontrou muitas resistências na forte cultura abstencionista que impregnava os trabalhadores brasileiros. Formada com base em sindicatos influenciados pelos comunistas, a Coligação Operária foi um dos passos iniciais ensaiados pelos trabalhadores brasileiros em sua inserção na cena político-partidária brasileira.This text discusses the emerging and the action of the Workers’ Colligation of Santos during municipal elections that took place in November, 29, 1925. The Workers’ Colligation, which acted until 1930, was the first electoral organization created by the Communist Party of Brazil (PCB, in Portuguese which had many difficulties because of the resistant abstentionist culture of Brazilian working class. The Workers’ Colligation, whose foundation was based in labour unions, influenced by communists, was one of the initial steps towards Brazilian workers insertion into the political scene in Brazil.

  8. Evaluation of mercury, selenium and methylmercury in fish consumed by Santos Bay communities, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farias, Luciana A.; Favaro, Deborah I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: lufarias@usp.br; Azevedo, Juliana de S.; Braga, Elisabete S. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos no Mar (LABNUT)]. E-mail: juliana@io.usp.br

    2005-07-01

    In the present study, mercury and selenium levels were evaluated in fish tissues and fish organs in the Santos Bay, Sao Paulo State, southeastern Brazil. Santos Bay waters are polluted by the large industrial complex of Cubatao. The estuary system filters part of this pollution before it reaches the Bay. Mercury and methylmercury determination were performed using Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CV-AAS) and selenium determination by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Methodology validation for the determination of these elements was carried out by means of reference materials analyses. There was no significant correlation between mercury and selenium concentrations (n = 17, (r2 ) R2 = 0.3482, p = 0.1709) in Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo)- Ariidae family and Centropomus sp. (robalo)- Centropomidae family livers. Mercury and methylmercury concentrations in muscle from carnivorous species: Ariidae Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo), Scianidae Steliffer rastifer (cangoa) and Scianidae Paralonchurus brasiliensis (maria-luiza) were determined and discussed. Total mercury concentration in Ariidae Catharops spixii livers presented the highest Hg level (7.6 mg kg-1). Although the Santos Bay is less contaminated than the inner section of its estuary system (Cubatao), it presents signs of environmental impact. (author)

  9. Distribution of Th-232 and Th-228 in Santos and Sao Vicente Estuary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, P.S.C.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Favaro, D.I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Av. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Caixa Postal 05508-000, Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo (Brazil)]. e-mail: Pscsilva@ipen.br

    2004-07-01

    In the last decades considerable attention has been given to technologically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM). Within this frame, of particular concern is the phosphate fertilizer industry. Santos Basin, located in Southwest Brazil, Sao Paulo State, comprising Santos and Sao Vicente estuarine system, is considered the most important industrial region of the country. Among the industrial activities present, phosphate fertilizer plants are responsible for the production of 69 millions tons of phosphogypsum waste, which is stockpiled in the surrounding environment. This waste concentrates radionuclides of the natural series originally present in the phosphate rock used as raw material. This study aims to evaluate the environmental impact of such activities in the sediments of the estuarine system. {sup 232} Th and {sup 228} Th concentrations in Santos and San Vicente estuary sediments were determined by Neutron activation analysis and Gamma spectrometry, respectively. {sup 232} Th concentration ranged from 6.5 to 198 Bq kg{sup -1} with mean value of 57 {+-} 39 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 42 samples. {sup 228} Th content varied from 12 to 110 Bq kg{sup -1} with a mean value of 74 {+-} 23 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 18 samples. It can be seen that the amount of {sup 232} Th is higher in the rivers close to the phosphogypsum piles, at least five points were identified as being affected by anthropogenic factor. (Author)

  10. Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Criste Massariol

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Ephemeroptera exhibits great diversity among bodies of freshwater in the Atlantic Forest, a biome that is suffering from massive human impact. Within this context, the creation of conservation units using biological information is more recommended than economic, cultural, or political criteria. The distribution pattern of 76 Ephemeroptera species was analyzed using the biogeographical methods Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and Network Analysis Method in order to infer relevant areas for conservation of the mayfly community in Espírito Santo. The results obtained from both analyses were largely congruent, and pointed out four relevant areas for conservation: two in the south of the state, where conservation units or priority areas for conservation are well established; and two in the north, a region in the state where little conservation efforts have been historically done. Therefore, based on our analyses on mayflies, we recommend the expansion of the existing APCs or the creation of new APCs on the north of Espírito Santo.

  11. Sociedad, epistemología y metodología en Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Alejandro Binimelis-Espinoza

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, especialmente su comprensión de las sociedades contemporáneas y los desafíos epistemológicos y metodológicos actuales. Mediante una revisión documental de su obra y aportes críticos de otros autores, se distingue su comprensión crítica y utópica de las sociedades actuales, y la necesidad de renovación de los procesos de construcción de conocimiento. Los aportes de este trabajo son, por una parte, integrar la crítica de Santos a la modernidad con su propuesta utópica, y su relación con las epistemologías del sur, la ecología de saberes y la traducción intercultural. Por otra parte, la identificación de estrategias concretas de generación de saberes desde una perspectiva intercultural. Las conclusiones están orientadas hacia una evaluación crítica de la discusión desarrollada con Santos, y su relevancia en el contexto de las ciencias sociales latinoamericanas.

  12. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-01-01

    contextos culturales, como en la religión brasileña conocida como Santo Daime. Supongo, por lo que se afirma en los propios himnos de la doctrina, que el Daime (ayahuasca es un profesor y que en la religión se experimenta un proceso educativo donde un conjunto de saberes es distribuido y aprehendido. Metodológicamente, resulta de una búsqueda bibliográfica, documental y de campo. Tiene como fuentes la bibliografía sobre religiones ayahuasqueras, los libros de himnos del Santo Daime y la realización de entrevistas con participantes (daimistas de Brasil y otros países. Teóricamente se inspira en los estudios de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca de la educación como cultura y los escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringiendo este texto a la noción de saberes ecológicos y ambientales del autor. Entre los principales saberes del daime resalto: los saberes ecológicos y ambientales, cognitivos, estéticos, medicinales y para la paz.

  13. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo volta-se para os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígenafeita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentescontextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Parto dopressuposto, afirmado nos próprios hinos da doutrina, de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professore que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado eapreendido. Metodologicamente, resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo.Têm como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do SantoDaime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspirasenos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos deBoaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor.Dentre os principais saberes do daime destaco: saberes ecológicos-ambientais, cognitivos, estéticos,medicinais, e para a paz.

  14. RELIGIÃO E EDUCAÇÃO: OS SABERES DA AYAHUASCA NO SANTO DAIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia Barbosa Albuquerque

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígena feita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentes contextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Metodologicamente, o artigo resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo. Tem como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do Santo Daime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspira-se nos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor. Parto do pressuposto de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professor e que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado e apreendido. Dentre os principais saberes do

  15. Distribution of Th-232 and Th-228 in Santos and Sao Vicente Estuary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, P.S.C.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Favaro, D.I.T.

    2004-01-01

    In the last decades considerable attention has been given to technologically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM). Within this frame, of particular concern is the phosphate fertilizer industry. Santos Basin, located in Southwest Brazil, Sao Paulo State, comprising Santos and Sao Vicente estuarine system, is considered the most important industrial region of the country. Among the industrial activities present, phosphate fertilizer plants are responsible for the production of 69 millions tons of phosphogypsum waste, which is stockpiled in the surrounding environment. This waste concentrates radionuclides of the natural series originally present in the phosphate rock used as raw material. This study aims to evaluate the environmental impact of such activities in the sediments of the estuarine system. 232 Th and 228 Th concentrations in Santos and San Vicente estuary sediments were determined by Neutron activation analysis and Gamma spectrometry, respectively. 232 Th concentration ranged from 6.5 to 198 Bq kg -1 with mean value of 57 ± 39 Bq kg -1 , for 42 samples. 228 Th content varied from 12 to 110 Bq kg -1 with a mean value of 74 ± 23 Bq kg -1 , for 18 samples. It can be seen that the amount of 232 Th is higher in the rivers close to the phosphogypsum piles, at least five points were identified as being affected by anthropogenic factor. (Author)

  16. Evaluation of mercury, selenium and methylmercury in fish consumed by Santos Bay communities, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farias, Luciana A.; Favaro, Deborah I.T.; Azevedo, Juliana de S.; Braga, Elisabete S.

    2005-01-01

    In the present study, mercury and selenium levels were evaluated in fish tissues and fish organs in the Santos Bay, Sao Paulo State, southeastern Brazil. Santos Bay waters are polluted by the large industrial complex of Cubatao. The estuary system filters part of this pollution before it reaches the Bay. Mercury and methylmercury determination were performed using Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CV-AAS) and selenium determination by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Methodology validation for the determination of these elements was carried out by means of reference materials analyses. There was no significant correlation between mercury and selenium concentrations (n = 17, (r2 ) R2 = 0.3482, p = 0.1709) in Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo)- Ariidae family and Centropomus sp. (robalo)- Centropomidae family livers. Mercury and methylmercury concentrations in muscle from carnivorous species: Ariidae Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo), Scianidae Steliffer rastifer (cangoa) and Scianidae Paralonchurus brasiliensis (maria-luiza) were determined and discussed. Total mercury concentration in Ariidae Catharops spixii livers presented the highest Hg level (7.6 mg kg-1). Although the Santos Bay is less contaminated than the inner section of its estuary system (Cubatao), it presents signs of environmental impact. (author)

  17. Una conversación trasatlántica: Benito Pérez Galdós y Domingo A. Galdós en La estrella de Panamá (1889-1901

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Armas, Frederick

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available During the last two decades of the nineteenth century, two figures of Cuban origin help to transform La estrella de Panamá, a small newspaper from the hard to reach Isthmus. José Gabriel Duque with the editorial collaboration of Domingo A. Galdós, the son of Benito Pérez Galdós’ first cousin, will include new cultural material to the paper. This article studies Benito’s presence in this newspaper starting in 1889 which begins a transatlantic dialogue with his American relative and with the readers of the paper. Several phases of this connection are discussed as well as works such as Venecia, Vergara, Los condenados and Electra. The essay concludes with 1901 when Domingo Galdós leaves the newspaper to return to Cuba after the war of independence, having fulfilled the tasks imposed on him by José Martí.Durante las últimas dos décadas del siglo diecinueve, dos figuras procedentes de Cuba transforman La estrella de Panamá, un pequeño periódico del lejano Istmo. José Gabriel Duque con la colaboración editorial de Domingo A. Galdós, hijo de un primo hermano de Benito Pérez Galdós, irá añadiendo elementos culturales al periódico. Este ensayo estudia la presencia de don Benito en este periódico, que comienza en 1889 cuando entabla un diálogo trasatlántico con su pariente americano y los lectores del periódico. Se apuntan varias facetas de este diálogo y se estudia la presencia de obras tales como Venecia, Vergara, Los condenados y Electra. Este análisis abarca hasta 1901 cuando Domingo Galdós deja el periódico para regresar a Cuba después de la guerra y habiendo cumplido los dictados de José Martí.

  18. Analysis of environmental studies of the mammals in small hydroelectrics power in the Espirito Santo; Analise dos estudos ambientais da mastofauna em pequenas centrais hidreletricas do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonesi, Patricia Conde

    2011-10-15

    The hydroelectric projects have been the main form to supply the energy demand in Brazil. Although it has been considered a way of clean generation, it brings many environmental impacts. Due to the fact that inconsistencies in environmental impact studies often occur, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of environmental diagnosis of the mammals in SHP in the Espirito Santo. Therefore, was notice an insufficient data survey, because of the relevance given to the secondary data and the lack of seasonal investigations, bringing damages to the proposals submitted of environmental compensation. This way, manners ware proposed that aim to improve the quality of these studies, which include since environmental awareness programs at the penalizing of those involved in such studies. (author)

  19. Infestation by Haematopinus quadripertusus on cattle in São Domingos do Capim, state of Pará, Brazil Infestação por Haematopinus quadripertusus em bovinos de São Domingos do Capim, Estado do Pará, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Scofield

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe infestation with lice was observed on crossbred cattle (Bos taurus indicus ×Bos taurus taurus in the municipality of São Domingos do Capim, state of Pará, Brazil. Sixty-five animals were inspected and the lice were manually collected, preserved in 70% alcohol and taken to the Animal Parasitology Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Pará, Brazil, for identification. The adult lice were identified as Haematopinus quadripertusus, and all the cattle examined were infested by at least one development stage of this ectoparasite. The specimens collected were located only on the tail in 80% (52/65 of the cattle, while they were around the eyes as well as on the ears and tail in 20% (13/65. Nits, nymphs and adults of the parasite were respectively collected from 98.46% (64/65, 38.46% (25/65 and 23.08% (15/65 of the animals examined. This is the first report of bovine pediculosis caused by H. quadripertusus in the state of Pará, Brazil. Further studies should be conducted to determine the occurrence pattern of this species in Brazil and its importance to livestock production.Alta infestação por piolhos foi observada em vacas mestiças Bos taurus indicus e Bos taurus taurus do município de São Domingos do Capim, Estado do Pará, Brasil. Sessenta e cinco animais foram inspecionados e os piolhos foram coletados manualmente, armazenados em álcool 70% e transportados ao Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária da Universidade Federal do Pará para a identificação. Os exemplares adultos foram identificados como Haematopinus quadripertusus e todos os animais examinados apresentaram pelo menos um estágio de desenvolvimento do ectoparasito. Em 80% (52/65 dos animais, os exemplares coletados localizavam-se somente na cauda e em 20% (13/65 na região periocular, orelha e cauda. Lêndeas, ninfas e adultos foram coletados, respectivamente, em 98,46% (64/65, em 38,46% (25/65 e em 23

  20. The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System: From R&D to Operational Regional Forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Rocha Fragoso, M.; Moore, A. M.; dos Santos, F. A.; Marques Da Cruz, L.; Carvalho, G. V.; Soares, F.

    2016-02-01

    Santos Basin is located on the Southwestern Brazilian Ocean Basin and comprises the main offshore oil reserves of Brazil. The exploration and production activities on its ocean are growing in accelerated pace, which means that oil spill contingency and search & rescue operations are likely to be more frequent. Therefore, ocean current reliable nowcasts and forecasts has become even more important for this region. The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System was designed as an R&D project and its main objective was to establish and maintain a systematic oceanographic data collection for this region in order to study its ocean dynamics and improve regional ocean forecast through data assimilation. In the first three years of the project surface drifters, profiling floats and gliders were deployed to measure and monitor mainly the Brazil Current Western Boundary System, a highly unstable baroclinic current system, that present several meanders and mesoscale eddies activities. Throughout the development of the project, the team involved was able to learn how to operate the equipment, treat the collected data and use it to assimilate on the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). After performing a one-year 4DVAR assimilation cycle (Fragoso et al., 2015) in which the forecasting skill was assessed, the system was considered mature enough to start producing ocean circulation forecasts for Santos Basin. It is the first time in Brazil that a regional ocean model using a 4DVAR data assimilation scheme was used to produce high resolution operational ocean current forecasts. This paper describes all the components of this forecasting system, its main results and discoveries with special focus on the Brazil Current System Transport and mesocale eddies dynamics and statistics.

  1. Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrión-Paladines, Vinicio; Fries, Andreas; Gómez-Muñoz, Beatriz; García-Ruiz, Roberto

    2016-12-01

    Fruits of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) are used for essential oil extraction. The extraction process is very efficient, because up to 3% of the fresh fruits can be transformed into essential oil; however, a considerable amount of waste is concurrently produced (>97% of the fresh biomass). Recent developments in Ecuadorian policies to foster environmentally friendly agroforestry and industrial practices have led to widespread interest in reusing the waste. This study evaluated the application of four vermicomposts (VMs), which are produced from the waste of the Palo Santo fruit distillation in combination with other raw materials (kitchen leftovers, pig manure, goat manure, and King Grass), for agrochemical use and for carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) decomposition in two soils with different textures. The results showed that the vermicompost mixtures (VMM) were valuable for agricultural utilisation, because total N (min. 2.63%) was relatively high and the C/N ratio (max. 13.3), as well as the lignin (max. 3.8%) and polyphenol (max. 1.6%) contents were low. In addition, N availability increased for both soil types after the application of the VMM. In contrast, N became immobile during decomposition if the VM of the pure waste was added. This likely occurred because of the relatively low total N (1.16%) content and high C/N ratio (35.0). However, the comparatively low C decomposition of this VM type makes its application highly recommendable as a strategy to increase the levels of organic matter and C, as well as for soil reclamation. Overall, these results suggest that the residues of the Palo Santo essential oil extraction are a potential source for vermicompost production and sustainable agriculture. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. RESÍDUOS PERIGOSOS DO PORTO DE SANTOS: IMPACTO POPULACIONAL E NO ARMAZENAMENTO

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura, Katia Sakihama; Guerreiro, Thais Cassia Martinelli

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia causada a la población por la eliminación de residuos peligrosos desde el puerto de Santos en las empresas de tratamiento, y análisis de residuos dentro de ellas. Un Sistema de Información Geográfica (GIS) ha permitido contar la población posiblemente afectada por el vertido de residuos, y el inventario de los residuos sólidos desde el puerto, también de revisar la cantidad producida en los años 2013 y 2014. Los resultados mostraron una te...

  3. Comunidade quilombola Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos : identidade e famílias negras em movimento

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Dandara dos Santos Damas

    2015-01-01

    Orientadora: Profª. Drª. Liliana de Mendonça Porto Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Humanas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social. Defesa: Curitiba, 23/11/2015 Inclui referências : f. 229-238 Resumo: Esta dissertação, baseada na etnografia realizada junto à "Comunidade Quilombola Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos", localizada em Guaíra/PR, problematiza a vinculação direta entre a legitimidade da reivindicação territorial das comunidades q...

  4. La procesión del Espíritu Santo en Gregorio de Nisa

    OpenAIRE

    Brugarolas, M. (Miguel)

    2012-01-01

    La teología de las procesiones divinas desarrollada por Gregorio de Nisa en las últimas décadas del s. IV fue esencial para la afirmación definitiva del dogma pneumatológico y para la superación del subordinacionismo trinitario. Siguiendo el camino emprendido por Atanasio, Basilio y Gregorio de Nacianzo, Gregorio de Nisa se adentra en la consideración de las propiedades personales del Espíritu Santo, que describe –y esto es lo verdaderamente sugerente– en torno a su origen en el Padre «a trav...

  5. Natural radioactivity in sand beaches of Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, Brazil: a comparative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasconcelos, Danilo C.; Pereira, Claubia; Oliveira, Arno H.; Santos, Talita O.; Reis, Patricia L.

    2011-01-01

    Using gamma ray spectrometry, the activity concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides 226 Ra, 232 Th, and 40 K was determined in sand beaches samples from different areas in Guarapari, Espirito Santo state, from Brazil. The absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were calculated and the results are compared with the internationally accepted values as well as others high background radiation areas (HBRAs).The activity concentration of the 232 Th in Areia Preta as well as the absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were higher than the others regions compared. The results show that Areia Preta in Guarapari has higher background found in beaches in world. (author)

  6. Jovens de Santo André, SP, Brasil: Um estudo sobre valores em diferentes grupos sociais

    OpenAIRE

    Sheila Aparecida Ferreira Lachtim

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação se propõe a: apreender valores sociais contemporâneos, notadamente aqueles referidos ao consumo de drogas, discutir diferenças entre esses valores nos diferentes grupos sociais; e analisar possíveis relações entre esses valores. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo de caráter exploratório, descritivo e analítico que utilizou um roteiro de entrevista semi-estruturada para apreensão do objeto. Um total de 86 jovens participou, de diferentes regiões do município de Santo André, SP,...

  7. Mass media, espacio y tiempo en Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

    OpenAIRE

    Rossana Almada

    2001-01-01

    El artículo que aquí se sintetiza es un primer acercamiento, desde la perspectiva de autores entre los que destaca Manuel Castells, a un proyecto mayor que pretende analizar e interpretar el proceso de transformaciones que ha venido sufriendo el pueblo de Todos Santos, Baja California Sur BCS, debido a la llegada de dos contingentes de inmigrantes: el primero, rocedente de Estados Unidos y Canadá, llegó a comprar las casas del centro del pueblo; algunos con la intención de quedarse e inst...

  8. Studies for the oceanic disposal system of the sewers of Santos and Sao Vicente (Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agudo, E.G.; Ochipinti, A.G.; Sanchez, W.; Gaglianone, S.

    1974-01-01

    Oceanographic studies were performed at the sewage out-let from Santos-Sao Vicente cities, in order to determine the T 90 values for the die away of bacterias. Forty two oceanografic surveys were carried out, over a period of two years, using two different techniques. Specially designed small floats were used for identification of the collecting points. An statistical study of the results showed a good concordance between both methods. In several surveys, tests with dializers where also simultaneously performed, at the same place, in order to compare the results. A statistical study showed no correlation between the results from dializers and the 'in situ' tracing technique

  9. La crescita di Gesù nello Spirito Santo alla luce di Lc 4, 1. 14

    OpenAIRE

    Piotr Florencjan Szymański

    2006-01-01

    L’autore analizza i due versetti di Lc (4, 1. 14) in cui appare in modo evidente il legame fra Gesù e lo Spirito Santo nel contesto della tentazione del Signore da parte del diavolo. L’indagine di Lc 4, 1 mostra che Gesù, come in Mt e Mc, fu condotto nel deserto dallo Spirito che Egli ha ricevuto al battesimo. Grazie alla forza dello Spirito, Gesù è capace di affrontare il diavolo nella lotta iniziale decisiva e poi compiere fedelmente la sua missione. Realizzandola il Sig...

  10. Freshwater gastropods in the Northern littoral mesoregion of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Andrade de Souza

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the distribution of molluscs in Brazilhave been conducted since the beginning of the twentieth and the knowledge of the species distributed in the country represent important findings, which contribute to the understanding of human diseases and those of veterinary importance, transmitted by them. In order to verify the distribution of freshwater gastropods in Espírito Santo, a malacological surveywas carried out in nine municipalities that comprise the Northern mesoregion of the State, between January 2010 and February 2015. Initially the water collections occurring in the municipality were verified and the lotic systems at different levels of use and conservation were determined. Molluscs were collected monthly using a hand net adapted to a stick steel. An individual sample effort of 30 minutes was applied, by scanning, at about ten meters in each one of the selected habitats. A total of 6,000 specimens were collected, represented by genera Melanoides, Drepanotrema, Physa, Biomphalaria and Pomacea. Among the molluscs, some specimens were positive for flatworm larvae of medical and veterinary importance. The results contributed to the knowledge of the current distribution of freshwater gastropods in the Northern region of Espírito Santo whose the only record for the region dates back to 1983.

  11. Santos negros nas Américas na crise do Antigo Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline dos Santos Guedes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Os objetos de estudo deste ensaio são a irmandade de São Baltasar em Buenos Aires e a irmandade de São Elesbão e Santa Efigênia no Rio de Janeiro de fins do século XVIII até princípios do século XIX. Ambas as instituições têm majoritariamente associados negros e contam também com santos negros como patronos. Observe-se a importância da apropriação da religião católica por estes afrodescendentes e o papel que esses “santos de cor” exercem no cotidiano desta população restrita de direitos devido à sua ascendência africana. As irmandades são instituições de suma importância na dinâmica colonial, então os negros se inserem nessas instituições ou criam suas próprias, muitas vezes na tentativa de penetrar no mundo social das colônias, ganhando maior visibilidade.

  12. Archaeometric studies in the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azevedo, Renata L.; Asfora, Viviane K.; Ribeiro, Guilherme B.; Ferreira, Joao Victor C.; Khoury, Helen J.; Sullasi, Henry S.L.; Rego, Nuno Jose S.; Mello, Jose Aylton C. de

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to characterize the tiles placed on the walls of the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio (Recife-PE) and to obtain information about the several expansions and structural reforms performed on the convent by dating the bricks. For this purpose, a portable energy dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to characterize the tiles. The dating of the bricks was performed using the Thermoluminescence (TL) technique. The results of the EDXRF analysis show that the dominant component of the white pigment is Lead [2PbCO 3 .Pb (OH) 2 ], used since the ancient times until the twentieth century, while the dominant element of the blue pigment is Cobalt (CoO.Al 2 O 3 ), that has been used from 1807 until nowadays. The TL dating of bricks indicate that there were walls with different periods of construction, being one built around 1765, with a deviation of 28 years, whereas other was built later, around 1874, with a deviation of 15 years. These results provide new data towards understanding how and when the Recife Franciscan Convent of Santo Antonio was designed and built, contributing to other research works presently underway on site. (author)

  13. Mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Lofego Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available To study mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, we reviewed death certificates (DC from 2000-2010 and medical records of deceased patients with investigation of alcoholism and hepatitis B or C. From a total of 218,410 DC, 3,554 deaths from liver cirrhosis were retrieved. The annual mortality rate was 19.8/100,000 for men and 4.31/100,000 for women, without significant changes after correction for ICD-R98 and R99 and without a significant increase in the annual percentage change. In 49% of death certificates, the aetiology of cirrhosis was defined: of these alcoholism in 81.5% of cases and viral hepatitis in 15.7%. Aetiology was confirmed in 262 reviewed records, including alcoholism (40.5%; hepatitis B or C (26.7%; other (3.8%; and cryptogenic (10.6%. The mean annual potential years of life lost were 5,946 years and 1,739 years for men and women respectively. The mortality rate from cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State is intermediate in relationship to worldwide data; alcoholism and hepatitis B or C were the main aetiologies; probably alcoholism is overestimated and hepatitis B and C viruses are underestimated as causes of cirrhosis registered on death certificates.

  14. POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS URBANAS: o caso do centro de Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André da Rocha Santos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article evaluates the process of the urban revitalization center of Santos. Its ́ analysis object is the Centro, Paquetá, Vila Nova, Valongo and part of Vila Mathias neighborhoods. Its ́ objective is to describe the mentioned process since the approval of the 1998 Managing Plan until the current days. The introduction points out the municipal public power ́s and planning secretariat ́s role in the conduction of the public policies involving these areas. The second section of this article analyses certain aspects of the "Alegra Centro Program" which ́s objective is to support the enterprises implantation and the functioning activities directed to commerce and the tourism, among the evaluation of the urban landscape and the cultural local patrimony. The third part of this paper deals with the public power ́s projects and interventions developed and spread through marketing actions. This article ́s fourth section shows the general housing matter in the central area and its ́ precarious situation. Finally, the conclusion evaluates the process of urban revitalization of the Brazilian city of Santos and the city ́s habitation policies.

  15. Santo remedio o la lógica de la realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Pastor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia Santo remedio, novela publicada por el escritor uruguayo Rafael Courtoisie en 2006, desde la perspectiva de diferentes teorías sobre la posmodernidad (Lyotard, Jameson. Una vez establecido el marco teórico que nos aportará las claves esenciales para enriquecer su interpretación, nos centraremos en el análisis de la obra, poniendo especial énfasis en sus particularidades estructurales y formales, marcadas por la influencia de los géneros audiovisuales. Por último, se ilustrará su potencial simbólico para mostrar la lógica que rige el universo narrativo de Courtoisie, caracterizado por la violencia y la fragmentación. This article aims to study Santo Remedio, novel published by the Uruguayan writer Rafael Courtoisie in 2006, from the perspective of different theories of postmodernism (Lyotard, Jameson. Once we have the theoretical framework that will give us the essential keys to enrich the interpretation, we focus on the analysis of the work, with emphasis on structural and formal characteristics, marked by the influence of audiovisual genres. Finally, we will illustrate its symbolic potential to show the logic that governs the narrative universe of Courtoisie, characterized by violence and fragmentation.

  16. ELISABETH DE SCHÓNAU: AUTORIDAD VISIONARIA Y LA PRESENCIA DE LOS SANTOS

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    María Eugenia Góngora

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo quiero explorar algunas características de Elisabeth de Schónau( 1129-1164 como escritora visionaria, y mostrar cómo su obra sobre el martirio de Santa Úrsula, el Liber revelationum Elisabeth de sacro exercitu virginum Coloniensium (Libro de las revelaciones de Elisabeth sobre el santo ejército de vírgenes de Colonia, escrita después de 1156 y ampliamente leída y difundida entre sus contemporáneos, puede ilustrar algunos usos de la autoridad visionaria en el ámbito del culto a los santos y sus reliquiasIn this essay I would like to explore the visionary writings of Elisabeth of Schbnau (1129-1164 and to show how her work on Saint Ursula's martyrdom in Cologne, the Liber revelationum Elisabeth de sacro exercitu virginum Coloniensium (The book of Revelations on the sacred army of Cologne, written after 1156 and very widely read among her contemporaries, can illustrate some uses of visionary authority in the context of the cult of the saints and their relics

  17. A educação hebraica segundo Theobaldo Miranda Santos

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    Rodrigo Augusto de Souza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar a educação hebraica segundo o pensamento de Theobaldo Miranda Santos (1904-1971. Para tanto, investigaremos o capítulo do manual didático “Noções de História da Educação” que tratou exclusivamente desse tema. Buscamos problematizar o tratamento oferecido pelo intelectual ao tema da educação hebraica. Considerando que Theobaldo publicou seu manual didático pela primeira vez em 1945, no período de hegemonia de ideologias como o fascismo e o nazismo, procuramos compreender as nuances da educação hebraica de acordo com seu pensamento. Essas ideologias demonstravam grande preocupação com a chamada “questão judaica”, que já havia sido apontada por Karl Marx (1818-1883 ainda durante o século XIX, na Alemanha. O surgimento do antissemitismo no plano político foi uma característica desse período histórico. O tratamento oferecido por Theobaldo Miranda Santos ao tema da educação hebraica consiste no objeto dessa investigação.

  18. Religiosidad en Al-Andalus: el hombre santo en el Islam occidental

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    Rodríguez Mediano, Fernando

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Hagiographical literature in Western Islam is abundant from the 12th-13th centuries onward, and is tied to the introduction and expansión of sufism in al-Andalus and Morocco. In this paper I analyse three hagiographical texts from al-Andalus in order to understand how the authority of a holy man is constructed from two perspectives: fear of his miraculous power and love inspired in his followers. Through these two passions, love and fear, one can infer the existence of a political and religious pattern for authoritarian relationships in Western Islam.Los siglos XII y XIII son fundamentales para la expansión del sufismo en el Occidente musulmán y para la creación de una tradición hagiográfica puramente magrebí. En este artículo se utilizan tres textos hagiográficos andalusíes de esa época para analizar cómo se construye la autoridad del hombre santo desde una doble perspectiva: la del miedo a la acción del santo y la del amor que inspira. A través de estas pasiones se puede rastrear la existencia de un modelo de autoridad que es a la vez religioso y político.

  19. Cultura, identidad política y multiculturalidad en Todos Santos, BCS1

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    Rossana Almada

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo tiene como objetivo hablar del desbordamiento institucional de la política y su desplazamiento hacia la sociedad civil. Desde luego, no es la intención negar la importancia de instituciones políticas tales como partidos, sino señalar cómo la morfología de la complejidad social desdibuja las fronteras de la representación y traslada las demandas a las calles, a las cantinas,a las casas de los interesados. El trabajo forma parte de una investigación mayor a la que he llamado Juntos, pero no revueltos. Multiculturalidad e identidad local en Todos Santos, BCS, es por eso que presento como ejemplo de este fenómeno el caso del conflicto latente en Todos Santos, Baja California Sur (BCS tanto por el uso de los espacios como por las formas que tendrá que adquirir la identidad local que construyen, a partir de sus convergencias y negociaciones, los tres grupos en lucha por la hegemonía social todosanteña: extranjeros, principalmente estadounidenses y canadienses, mexicanos no sudcalifornianos y todosanteños.

  20. Panorama da fruticultura no Espírito Santo – Brasil

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    Thiago Marques Teixeira Silva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A fruticultura é um mercado que vem já há alguns anos com um grande potencial tanto nacional quanto capixaba. Diante da situação, este trabalho tem o objetivo de apresentar um panorama da fruticultura no Espírito Santo, posicionando-a no cenário nacional. A partir do estudo da produção científica e de informações sobre o assunto, foi elaborada uma revisão bibliográfica a respeito do desenvolvimento da fruticultura capixaba. O setor de fruticultura está entre os principais geradores de renda, emprego e de desenvolvimento rural do estado. Na fruticultura agroecológica, tem-se como futuro desejável a expansão e a diversificação da atividade no Espírito Santo, com qualidade e competitividade. Contudo, a plena realização do potencial produtivo e social da fruticultura depende de uma melhor organização do setor, da modernização da comercialização e de incentivos para a inovação tecnológica e agregação de valor.

  1. Myrtaceae da restinga no norte do Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Augusto Giaretta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Myrtaceae está entre as famílias mais ricas em espécies nas restingas do Espírito Santo. Este estudo objetivou fazer o inventário e a caracterização das espécies de Myrtaceae ocorrentes na vegetação de restinga no norte do Espírito Santo. Foram registradas 52 espécies distribuídas em 10 gêneros. O gênero mais representado foi Eugenia (19 espécies, seguido de Myrcia (12, Marlierea (6, Psidium (4, Myrciaria (3, Calyptranthes (2, Campomanesia (2, Neomitranthes (2, Blepharocalyx (1 e Plinia (1. Foram registradas duas  espécies endêmicas (Eugenia inversa e Myrcia limae. As formações vegetais  com maior número de espécies foram a florestal não inundável (40 espécies,  seguida da arbustiva fechada não inundável (19 e florestal inundável (19. São apresentadas chaves para identificação das espécies, descrições, comentários,  distribuição geográfica e ilustrações dos caracteres diagnósticos.

  2. O conhecimento sobre morcegos (Chiroptera: Mammalia do estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil

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    Poliana Mendes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A Ordem Chiroptera apresenta importância relevante na dinâmica dos ecossistemas, sendo a ordem de mamíferos com maior diversidade de hábitos de vida. Dentre os estados da região Sudeste do Brasil, o Espírito Santo é um dos mais carentes em relação ao conhecimento de morcegos. Este estudo sintetizou o estado do conhecimento sobre quirópteros gerado no Espírito Santo. Para isso, foram catalogados os morcegos depositados no Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, no Laboratório de Estudos de Quirópteros da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario Museum (ROM, American Museum of Natural History (AMNH e University of Michigan Museum Zoology (UMMZ. Além disso, foi realizada uma busca por artigos publicados sobre morcegos do Espírito Santo. Foram revistos 49 artigos científicos, realizadas três teses de mestrado e 11 monografias. Considerando as coleções amostradas e artigos publicados totalizam-se 63 espécies de morcegos para o estado, provenientes de 37 dos 78 municípios do Espírito Santo. A maior riqueza de espécies de morcegos foi encontrada nos municípios de Linhares e Santa Teresa, o que é provavelmente reflexo da maior parte dos espécimes depositados nos museus também serem desses municípios. O Espírito Santo apresenta um grande potencial para se encontrar novas ocorrências de espécies, enfatizando a importância da realização de futuros estudos sobre morcegos no estado.The Order Chiroptera plays a vital role in ecosystem dynamics. Among the states of Southeastern Brazil, Espírito Santo State is the one with the least known bat fauna. This study reports on the current state of knowledge on Espírito Santo bats generating this data bank. We have catalogued the bats deposited in the Biology Museum Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, Laboratory of Bat Studies of the Federal University of Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario

  3. Literatura y filosofía: Sartre, Martín-Santos y Bartleby

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    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Martín Santos has been, after his soon death, one of the most unfairly forgotten Spanish intellectuals. This situation happens to be even more unjust considering the success of his novel “Time of Silence” and his unfinished “Time of Destruction”. The works of this psychiatrist, philosophically formed in the existentialism tradition, tackle from psychiatric and medical studies to interpretations of Dilthey, Jaspers and Heidegger. Maybe the most important achievement made by Dr. Martín-Santos was the fact of pooling in his novels all the different fields he worked in, namely: existential philosophy, psychiatry and literature. This mutual influence leads to a clearly existential interpretation of the narrative subject and to a nihilist conception of freedom: the nothingness completely understood as Sartre did. And, consequently, the attractiveness of approaching the Spanish author through literary theories that are close to the French contemporary philosophy and the primacy, not only of the existential analysis in literature, but also of the influence of the literary character as a fiction that is able to create possible realities. That is why it is interesting to study “Bartleby the Scrivener” as a paradoxical example of the existential nothingness made flesh. To put it in a nutshell, the existential triviality, a sign of modern times, has been indeed very successfully portrayed by Martín-Santos.Luis Martín-Santos ha sido, tras su temprana muerte, uno de los grandes olvidados entre los intelectuales españoles del franquismo. Olvido especialmente injusto, teniendo en cuenta el éxito de su novela Tiempo de Silencio y su interesante proyecto inacabado Tiempo de Destrucción. La obra de este psiquiatra formado filosóficamente en el existencialismo abarca desde trabajos psiquiátricos relativos a la medicina hasta interpretaciones de Dilthey, Jaspers y Heidegger. Tal vez el mayor logro de Martín- Santos fuera el de aunar en sus

  4. Le journal de José Santos Vargas (1814-1825. 2: deux manuscrits

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    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available L’existence de deux manuscrits différents du Journal de José Santos Vargas conduit à s’interroger sur la véracité de l’auteur. La comparaison entre les deux textes incite à attribuer le premier à une rédaction très proche de la fin de la guerre, et le second à un travail de collecte et de réécriture qui s’est étalé sur près de 30 ans. Entre le premier et le second manuscrit, se manifeste le changement du projet d’écriture de l’auteur qui évolue d’une conception individuelle de l’œuvre à l’idée de faire du Journal le recueil de toutes les traces de la guerre conservées dans les Vallées, et de le transformer en mémoire patriotique d’un microcosme provincial. EL DIARIO DE JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: DOS MANUSCRITOS. La existencia de dos manuscritos distintos del Diario del guerrillero José Santos Vargas incita a dudar de la veracidad del autor. La comparación entre los dos textos permite atribuir al primero una redacción próxima al fin de la guerra, mientras el segundo resulta de un trabajo de recolección y de reescritura que duró cerca de treinta años. Entre el primer y el segundo manuscrito, se manifiesta un cambio de proyecto de escritura por parte del autor que evoluciona de una concepción individualista de la obra hacia la idea de transformar el Diario en el compendio de todas las huellas de la guerra que se habían conservado en los Valles, transformándole en memoria patriótica de un microcosmos provincial. THE DIARY OF JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: TWO MANUSCRIPTS. The existence of two different manuscripts of the guerilla leader José Santos Vargas's Diary raises doubts about the truthfulness of the author. After comparing the two texts, it is possible to situate the writing of the first version in the time just after the war and the second version during a thirty year period in which testimonies and information were collected, and then rewritten. A change in the writing project of

  5. La orden de caballería del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén

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    Antonio MARTÍNEZ TEIXIDÓ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La orden del Santo Sepulcro nace en Jerusalén el año 1099, poco después de que fuera conquistada la ciudad por Godofredo de Bouillon durante la Primera Cruzada. Este caudillo borgoñón, tras ser aceptado como protector del Santo Sepulcro, organizó un servicio religioso con canónigos del clero regular, a cuyo frente nombró a un prior. Creó asimismo una guardia de honor con caballeros cruzados que prestaron voto de obediencia con el juramento de consagrar su vida a la defensa del Santo Sepulcro.La orden del Santo Sepulcro se distinguió por unir el carácter militar de sus caballeros con el religioso de sus canónigos. Los caballeros, bajo la obediencia del patriarca latino de Jerusalén, prior general de la orden, concretaron su organización durante el reinado de Balduino I (1100-1118.Tras la caída de Sanjuan de Acre (1291, los caballeros y canónigos de la orden se dispersaron por los reinos europeos que manteníano prioratos. El papa Inocencio VIII en el año 1489 incorporó la orden con todos sus bienes a los Hospitalarios de San Juan, pero siete años después el papa Alejandro VI anuló dicha decisión.A partir de entonces surgieron diversas iniciativas para revitalizar la orden, especialmente en el año 1558 en el que se ofreció a Felipe II de España el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden. La última tentativa se produce en 1818, al autoproclamarse Luis XVIII de Francia soberano y protector del Santo Sepulcro. En el año 1847, resurge la orden cuando el papa Pío IX restaura el Patriarcado Latino de Jerusalén y concede al patriarca el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden.ABSTRACT: In 1099, after the capture of Jerusalem, and the establishment of the Crusader Kingdom, there was a distinct corps of professed Knights dedicated to the defence of the newly won territory. Godfrey of Bouillon created an «honour guard» for the Holy Sepulchre. It was a unique combination of ecclesiastical and military elements closely related to free the Holy

  6. Digital model of the seabed geomorphology of southern-central Espirito Santo basin and northern Campos basin; Modelo digital da geomorfologia do fundo oceanico do centro-sul da bacia do Espirito Santo e norte da bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreiner, Simone; Souza, Mariana Beatriz Ferraz Mendonca de; Migliorelli, Joana Paiva Robalo [Petroleo Brasileiro S. A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Servicos de Exploracao e Producao], Emails: schreiner@petrobras.com.br, mbfms.fototerra@petrobras.com.br, joanamigli.fototerra@petrobras.com.br

    2009-05-15

    That communication brings the result of a bathymetric mosaic of converted in a digital model of the ocean topography, consisting of 17 seismic projects 3D, besides 17 multibeam bathymetry surveys of South-Central Espirito Santo Basin and Northern Campos Basin.

  7. IN SITU density measurements oozy bottom of the access channel to the port of Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Medicoes de densidade IN SITU em fundo vasoso do canal de acesso ao Porto de Santos/SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minardi, P S.P.

    1988-09-01

    The density of the bottom sediment of the access channel to the port of Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil was measured. The in situ measurements aimed at verifying the use for navigation purposes of the layers with densities equal to or smaller than 1200 kg/m{sup 3}. (F.E.). 3 refs, 55 figs, 3 tabs.

  8. A Espacialidade de uma Amazônia Ribeirinha Face ao Urbano: o exemplo de São Domingos do Capim (PA e o desenvolvimento do turismo

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    Jorge Almeida Souza

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

  1. Development of aqueous fluids with bentonite clay for drilling of onshore oil wells; Conceitos, feicoes diagnosticas e exemplos sismicos de dobras associadas a falhas distensionais na secao rifte das bacias de Campos e Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo, Mario Neto Cavalcanti de; Silva, Paulo Cezar Santarem da; Matos, Gabriel Correa de [PETROBRAS SA. (CENPES/PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas e Desenvolvimento Leopoldo A. Miguez de Mello. Gerencia de Geologia Estrutural e Geotectonica], Emails: marioaraujo@petrobras.com.br, paulosantarem@petrobras.com.br, gabriel.matos@petrobras.com.br; Lima, Rodrigo Dias [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). E e P. Gerencia de Interpretacao das Bacias da Costa Sudeste], Email: rodrigolima@petrobras.com.br

    2008-11-15

    With the exception of the salt-related rollover folds of the Brazilian Continental Margin, folds are not features commonly associated with extensional faults. N-S-trending folds are common features in the hanging wall or above the termination of normal basement faults of the pre, syn and post-rift sequences of the Campos and Santos basins. Regional compression, differential compaction and local transpression are interpreted as the main reasons to explain the formation of folds in the Brazilian margin. However, they can also be formed as a result of the interplay among kinematics, amount of slip and geometry of faults. Two main types of fault-related folds are strongly influenced by geometry and kinematics: fault-bend folds and fault-propagation folds. Fault-bend folds are flexures formed as a result of dip changes of the fault plane. The folds are formed by the collapse of the hanging wall block as it passes over the top of bends in the fault plane. Fault-propagation folds form when movement of basement faults propagates deformation above their tip into a stratified rift and/or post-rift sequence. In this case, the movement of the buried normal fault produces folding in the overlying rocks, without expressive rupture of the beds. Movement along these folds can be accompanied by flexural slip mechanisms, allowing their lateral migration away from the fault plane and the formation of fold swarms like those in the Campos and Santos basins. The strong geometrical relationships of fault-bend and fault-propagation folds not only facilitate the predictive interpretation of these structures in seismic sections, but also allow measurement of stretching, reservoir quality predictions and fracture intensity estimates. In the Campos and Santos basins, regional scale fault-bend and fault-propagation folds might be responsible for the structural control of basement highs and depressions, distribution and migration of depo centers, and location of fractured zones. Fold swarms

  2. Evaluation of intense rainfall parameters interpolation methods for the Espírito Santo State

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    José Eduardo Macedo Pezzopane

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Intense rainfalls are often responsible for the occurrence of undesirable processes in agricultural and forest areas, such as surface runoff, soil erosion and flooding. The knowledge of intense rainfall spatial distribution is important to agricultural watershed management, soil conservation and to the design of hydraulic structures. The present paper evaluated methods of spatial interpolation of the intense rainfall parameters (“K”, “a”, “b” and “c” for the Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Were compared real intense rainfall rates with those calculated by the interpolated intense rainfall parameters, considering different durations and return periods. Inverse distance to the 5th power IPD5 was the spatial interpolation method with better performance to spatial interpolated intense rainfall parameters.

  3. Los santos inocentes de Miguel Delibes [1981] y de Mario Camus [1983

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    Virginia Isla García

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se pretende estudiar las relaciones entre la novela de Miguel Delibes, Los santos inocentes (1981 y su exitosa adaptación cinematográfica de Mario Camus en 1983. Se verá cómo la calidad de la novela (la combinación de realismo descarnado y lirismo emotivo se acomoda perfectamente al lenguaje fílmico, especialmente gracias a la labor actoral, aunque sin restar por ello originalidad a la película. La crítica del pasado español y su alcance universal en la novela justifican su adaptación en la joven Democracia, cuyos objetivos sociales y políticos explican también en parte el refuerzo de diferentes aspectos en la novela y en la película.   

  4. Poluição aquática em Santos (SP): uma abordagem interdisciplinar

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Pimenta Ambrozevicius

    2010-01-01

    A poluição aquática em Santos é uma questão ambiental prioritária, interdisciplinar por natureza, devido aos seus efeitos ecológicos, de saúde pública e sócio-econômicos. Trata-se de um problema amplamente relatado, cuja evolução acompanhou o histórico de desenvolvimento econômico da região. A presente pesquisa partiu de análises pontuais de um único, porém representativo, canal de drenagem pluvial urbana e das praias receptoras de seu conteúdo, para uma análise da poluição aquática no municí...

  5. Santos, Ana Cristina, A Lei do Desejo. Direitos Humanos e Minorias Sexuais em Portugal

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    Madalena Duarte

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A Lei do Desejo, de autoria de Ana Cristina Santos, é um texto sobre os impactos da utilização do regime europeu de direitos humanos por parte do movimento lésbico, gay, bissexual e transgénero (LGBT português. Surge com base na tese apresentada pela autora no âmbito do Mestrado em Sociologia pela Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, em 2003. O título, além de ser uma sugestiva alusão à obra de Almodôvar, é já bem indiciador da proposta desta obra. Basta que, para tal, entendamo...

  6. Arquitetura residencial urbana: Espírito Santo do Pinhal, 1880-1930

    OpenAIRE

    Camila Corsi Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    Estuda a arquitetura residencial urbana em Espírito Santo do Pinhal, região paulista de economia cafeeira. Insere-se no contexto de produção de casarões urbanos patrocinados pela riqueza acumulada pelo café, edificados no final do século XIX e início do século XX, constituindo importante acervo arquitetônico do ecletismo e da história do ciclo cafeeiro no estado de São Paulo. A abordagem teórica apóia-se especialmente em autores como Maria Cecília N. Homem; Nestor Goulart Reis Filho; Carlos L...

  7. Canticum Novum: música sem palavras e palavras sem som no pensamento de Santo Agostinho

    OpenAIRE

    Mammì, Lorenzo

    2000-01-01

    NO De Magistro, Santo Agostinho coloca a reza e o canto numa posição similar, à margem das funções imediatamente comunicativas da linguagem. A reflexão agostiniana sobre a reza se baseia nos hábitos cristãos da leitura, da oração e da meditação silenciosas. Há sobre o canto, na prática igualmente inovadora do jubilus, melodia sem palavra destinada aos momentos mais intensos e gaudiosos da liturgia. A oração silenciosa e o jubilus são temas recorrentes da literatura patrística, mas Agostinho o...

  8. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

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    Kristiano Raccanello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México, analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro informales y su interacción con otros intermediarios financieros informales. Los resultados del modelo probit indican que la participación responde a la posibilidad de poder ahorrar atrayendo a aquellos individuos que no utilizan tandas, prestamistas o deudas con familiares o amigos.

  9. Butyltin speciation in sediments from Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia, Brazil by GC-PFPD

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    Juliana Feitosa Felizzola

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Butyltin compounds were investigated in surface sediments from 17 stations in Todos os Santos Bay. Analytical conditions for organotin determination in marine sediments were optimized for GC with pulsed flame photometric detection. Detection limits were: 5.4 µg kg-1 for TBT; 0.2 µg kg-1 for DBT; and 2.1 µg kg-1 for MBT, using a 610-nm filter. In general, TBT concentrations were low and in the range of

  10. Factors related to severe dengue during an epidemic in Vitoria, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2011

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    Creuza Rachel Vicente

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The prognosis of dengue depends on early diagnosis and treatment, which can help prevent severe forms whose characteristics were evaluated here. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted involving dengue cases in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 2011. Results Two health regions registered 56.3% of 371 cases of severe dengue. Of these cases, 21.3% presented with dengue hemorrhagic fever. There were associations between dengue hemorrhagic fever with younger ages and a longer time before receiving care. Conclusions There was a greater involvement of dengue hemorrhagic fever in young people. Delay in care, poor urban quality and high endemicity were identified as possible risk factors for dengue severity.

  11. Sarcoma de Kaposi en una paciente de Santo Tomé y Príncipe

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    Melba Elers Bandera

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente que fue asistida en el Hospital General "Dr. Ayres Menezes" de la República Democrática de Santo Tomé y Príncipe, por presentar fiebre y lesiones en la piel, a la cual se le diagnosticó sarcoma de Kaposi asociado a la infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana/sida. La evolución tórpida y el estadio tan avanzado de la enfermedad, así como la resistencia a los fármacos antirretrovirales, ocasionaron la muerte de la fémina

  12. Management of primary headache in emergency services of Santos and surrounding towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yara Dadalti Fragoso

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Primary headaches are often seen by Clinicians on duty at Emergency Services. We have investigated the treatment of such patients by 43 medical doctors who have been working at Emergency Services in the city of Santos and surrounding towns for many years. RESULTS: We confirmed the high prevalence of primary headaches in Emergency Services. There seem to be diagnosis difficulties concerning differentiating attacks of migraine and tension type headache. We also observed that IV dipirone was the most frequently prescribed treatment for patients with primary headaches in this study. There is no protocol in the literature which recommends IV dipirone for the treatment of migraine attacks or other primary headaches. CONCLUSION: It would be advisable to perform controlled double blind studies in order to verify the advantages of IV dipirone in the treatment of intense attacks primary headaches. We concluded that headache management recycling programs could be of interest for doctors who regularly work at Emergency Services.

  13. Enrique Santos Discépolo o el arte de la inversión

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    Dulce María Dalbosco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es abordar la presencia de lo grotesco y de sus códigos en la obra tanguera de Enrique Santos Discépolo. En ella hallamos algunos textos que invierten los tópicos de ciertos motivos estereotipados del tango, mecanismo que da lugar a auténticas acuarelas grotescas. En esta ocasión nos interesa descifrar los artilugios utilizados por el autor para producir tal efecto, con el fin de comprender, en última instancia, cuál es su concepción de lo grotesco. Atenderemos tanto a las composiciones que pertenecen a lo que la crítica ha denominado “vertiente grotesca” (Conde 2003, Gobello 2004 como a la presencia de rasgos o de recursos de lo grotesco presentes en otros tangos de su autoría.

  14. MONITORAMENTO DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA NO MANANCIAL DO RIO SANTO ANASTÁCIO

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    Paulo Ponce Arroio Junior

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to characterize spatially and temporarily the Santo Anastacio River according to limnological factors, four sampling stations were established in the main course of the river. The limnological variables analyzed were pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, chlorine, iron, ammonia and phosphate, as well the hydrologic variables flow and speed. These limnological variables were synthesized through a principal components analysis (PCA, in order to determinate their spatial-temporal behavior. Exploratory analysis revealed a longitudinal organization of the sampling stations according to the level of environmental integrity of each station, showing a water quality decrease along the river’s course. The principal components analysis revealed yet a seasonal pattern of sampling dates, allowing differentiate dry and rainy periods.

  15. Diagnostico ambiental integrado da area de influencia do descarte do material dragado do estuario de Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Renato Bastos Lia

    2008-01-01

    Resumo: A Costa da Mata Atlântica é uma região do Estado de São Paulo com uma grande importância econômica, principalmente devido ao porto de Santos, o maior da América Latina e ao complexo industrial de Cubatão. O estuário da região foi impactado ao longo de anos pelas atividades antrópicas das indústrias, porto e da população residente nas vizinhanças do estuário. O objetivo deste trabalho consistiu no desenvolvimento e aplicação de uma metodologia integrada para um diagnóstico ambiental...

  16. Sociedad, epistemología y metodología en Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Helder Alejandro Binimelis-Espinoza; Andrés Roldán Tonioni

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, especialmente su comprensión de las sociedades contemporáneas y los desafíos epistemológicos y metodológicos actuales. Mediante una revisión documental de su obra y aportes críticos de otros autores, se distingue su comprensión crítica y utópica de las sociedades actuales, y la necesidad de renovación de los procesos de construcción de conocimiento. Los aportes de este trabajo son, por una parte, integrar la cr...

  17. Diseases Neglected by the Media in Espírito Santo, Brazil in 2011–2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Oliveira, Adauto Emmerich

    2016-01-01

    Background The aims of the present study were to identify and analyse the Diseases Neglected by the Media (DNMs) via a comparison between the most important health issues to the population of Espírito Santo, Brazil, from the epidemiological perspective (health value) and their effective coverage by the print media, and to analyse the DNMs considering the perspective of key journalists involved in the dissemination of health topics in the state media. Methodology Morbidity and mortality data were collected from official documents and from Health Information Systems. In parallel, the diseases reported in the two major newspapers of Espírito Santo in 2011–2012 were identified from 10,771 news articles. Concomitantly, eight interviews were conducted with reporters from the two newspapers to understand the journalists’ reasons for the coverage or neglect of certain health/disease topics. Principal Findings Quantitatively, the DNMs identified diseases associated with poverty, including tuberculosis, leprosy, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and trachoma. Apart from these, diseases with outbreaks in the period evaluated, including whooping cough and meningitis, some cancers, respiratory diseases, ischaemic heart disease, and stroke, were also seldom addressed by the media. In contrast, dengue fever, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), diabetes, breast cancer, prostate cancer, tracheal cancer, and bronchial and lung cancers were broadly covered in the period analysed, corroborating the tradition of media disclosure of these diseases. Qualitatively, the DNMs included rare diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), leishmaniasis, Down syndrome, and verminoses. The reasons for the neglect of these topics by the media included the political and economic interests of the newspapers, their editorial line, and the organizational routine of the newsrooms. Conclusions Media visibility acts as a strategy for legitimising priorities and contextualizing

  18. Diseases Neglected by the Media in Espírito Santo, Brazil in 2011-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavaca, Aline Guio; Emerich, Tatiana Breder; Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; dos Santos-Neto, Edson Theodoro; Oliveira, Adauto Emmerich

    2016-04-01

    The aims of the present study were to identify and analyse the Diseases Neglected by the Media (DNMs) via a comparison between the most important health issues to the population of Espírito Santo, Brazil, from the epidemiological perspective (health value) and their effective coverage by the print media, and to analyse the DNMs considering the perspective of key journalists involved in the dissemination of health topics in the state media. Morbidity and mortality data were collected from official documents and from Health Information Systems. In parallel, the diseases reported in the two major newspapers of Espírito Santo in 2011-2012 were identified from 10,771 news articles. Concomitantly, eight interviews were conducted with reporters from the two newspapers to understand the journalists' reasons for the coverage or neglect of certain health/disease topics. Quantitatively, the DNMs identified diseases associated with poverty, including tuberculosis, leprosy, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and trachoma. Apart from these, diseases with outbreaks in the period evaluated, including whooping cough and meningitis, some cancers, respiratory diseases, ischaemic heart disease, and stroke, were also seldom addressed by the media. In contrast, dengue fever, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), diabetes, breast cancer, prostate cancer, tracheal cancer, and bronchial and lung cancers were broadly covered in the period analysed, corroborating the tradition of media disclosure of these diseases. Qualitatively, the DNMs included rare diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), leishmaniasis, Down syndrome, and verminoses. The reasons for the neglect of these topics by the media included the political and economic interests of the newspapers, their editorial line, and the organizational routine of the newsrooms. Media visibility acts as a strategy for legitimising priorities and contextualizing various realities. Therefore, we propose that the health

  19. Inorganic As speciation and bioavailability in estuarine sediments of Todos os Santos Bay, BA, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hatje, V.; Macedo, S.M.; Jesus, R.M. de; Cotrim, G.; Garcia, K.S.; Queiroz, A.F. de; Ferreira, S.L.C.

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: → Total concentration of As at several stations along Todos os Santos Bay, was above TEL value. → At Subae and Paraguacu systems, As (V) was the dominant species, which is less toxic and less mobile than As (III). → Arsenic concentrations at Jaguaripe estuary were higher than in other estuaries and As (III) was the dominant species. → Relationship between As, Fe, Mn and sand indicated that As enrichment at Jaguaripe River is natural. → As concentrations in sediments and biota suggest that As is bioavailable and it is accumulating in marine organisms, which may impose human risks. → Slurry sampling showed to be a easy, accurate procedure to be used for As determination in estuarine samples. - Abstract: The spatial distribution of As (total As, As (III) and As (V)) in estuarine sediments from the main tributaries of Todos os Santos Bay, BA, Brazil, was evaluated under high and low flow conditions. The concentrations of As were determined using a slurry sampling procedure with hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS). The highest concentrations were observed at estuary mouths, and exceeded conservative lower threshold value (Threshold Effects Level; TEL). Due to the oxic conditions and abundance of Mn and Fe (oxyhydr)oxides in the sediments, most inorganic arsenic in the Subae and Paraguacu estuaries was present as As (V). Nevertheless, the concentration of As (III) at several locations along the Jaguaripe River were also above the TEL value, suggesting that As may be toxic to biota. In the Subae estuary, antropogenic activities are the main source of As. At the Jaguaripe and at Paraguacu estuaries, nevertheless, natural sources of As need to be considered to explain the distribution patterns.

  20. Impact of climate changes on the Santos Harbor, São Paulo State (Brazil

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    Paolo Alfredini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Santos Harbor Area (SHA in Sao Paulo Coastline (Brazil is the most important marine cargo transfer terminal in the Southern Hemisphere. A long term relative tidal level variability assessment shows a consistent response to relative sea level rise. A wave data base Wave Watch III was compared with a long term wave data-base generated by the ERA40-ECMWF (2003, both local validated. The current bed level of SHA Outer Channel is -15.00 m (Chart Datum or, in abbreviation, CD, maintained by dredging. According to the cargo throughput forecast, in 2025, the Access Channel will have to be deepened to level of -17.00 m. The feasibility of that choice is discussed from a technical, economical and conceptual navigation point of view in that context. A data set found from a scale model of the whole area of Santos Bay, Estuary and nearby beaches, showed the impact of maritime climate changes upon the coastal area. In the previous researches developed by the authors, it was demonstrated that the wave climate, the tides and tidal currents affect harbor and coastal structures maintenance, beaches stability, tidal inlet, sediment transport, saline intrusion and wetlands. Considering the increasing of the sea hazards and the high values of the infrastructures in that coastline, it is necessary to mitigate the risks. Hence, based on the results obtained by the authors, are highlighted guidelines strategies suggested for Access Channels dimensions, wharves free-board, jetties dimensions, dredging rates, rigid and flexible littoral defenses and land protection against flooding (including wetlands.

  1. Natural radioactivity dose assessment in beach sands of the Espírito Santo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fontainha, C.C.P.; Santos, T.O.; Aguilar, V.J.C.; Takahashia, L.C.

    2017-01-01

    The presence of natural radionuclide contributes significantly to the environmental dose levels that the human being receives, being important to be aware of the distribution, composition and the background of these soils. In this work, the activity concentration of the natural radionuclides was determined by gamma spectrometry from the sands of eight beach from Anchieta e Guarapari, in the Espírito Santo, Brazil. The activity concentration of 226 Ra, 232 Th and 40 K was expressed by radio equivalent activity (R aeq ), which takes into account the associated radiological risk. From these data, the annual effective dose rate for external environment (H eout ) and the radiation risk indexes (H ex ) were calculated. In the sands of Além, Coninhos, Onça, Três Praias, Morcego and Padres beaches the R aeq values ranged from 771.9 to 8743.3 Bq.kg -1 , while H ex ranged from 1.0 to 11.4 Bq.kg -1 and H eout ranged from 0.6 to 6.0 mSv.year -1 , with the lowest values being from Além and the larger ones from Padres. The Areia Vermelha beach presented higher values the others, with R aeq of 152.6 kBq.kg -1 , H ex of 2.1 Bq.kg -1 and H eout 1.0 Sv.year -1 . This evaluation is a favorable tool for radiological protection because it allows to chart the natural radioactivity to the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. (author)

  2. Spatiotemporal appraisal of TBT contamination and imposex along a tropical bay (Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artifon, Vanda; Castro, Ítalo Braga; Fillmann, Gilberto

    2016-08-01

    A spatiotemporal evaluation of butyltin contamination was performed between 2010 and 2012 along Todos os Santos Bay (Northeast Brazil) using surface sediments, bivalve tissues (Anomalocardia brasiliana and Mytella guyanensis), and imposex occurrence (Stramonita rustica). The spatial study detected high tributyltin (TBT) levels (maximum values of 262 ng Sn g (-1) - 21,833 ng Sn g(-1) of total organic carbon - for surface sediments and 421 ng Sn g(-1) for bivalve tissues) in the innermost part of the bay. The TBT levels detected in M. guyanensis tissues might cause human health risk since local population consumes these organisms. These high concentrations observed in the bivalves might result in ingestions higher than the safe limits established by European Food Safety Authority (250 ng TBT kg(-1) day(-1)). Considering the temporal evaluation, no difference (p > 0.05) was observed between TBT concentrations in sediments obtained during the two sampling campaigns (2010/2011 and 2012). However, the increasing predominance of TBT metabolites (butyltin degradation index (BDI) >1) in more recent sediments indicates further degradation of old TBT inputs. In spite of that, recent inputs are still evident at this region. Nevertheless, a reduction of imposex parameters in S. rustica over the last decade suggests an overall decline in the TBT contamination, at least in the outermost and possible less impacted region of the bay. The TBT contamination is probably reducing due to the national and international legislative restrictions on the use of TBT as antifouling biocide. The contamination levels, however, are still relevant especially in the inner part of Todos os Santos Bay since they are above those that are likely to cause toxicity to the biota.

  3. Natural radioactivity dose assessment in beach sands of the Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fontainha, C.C.P.; Santos, T.O.; Aguilar, V.J.C.; Takahashia, L.C. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Anatomia e Imagem; Rocha, Z., E-mail: crissia@gmail.com [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    The presence of natural radionuclide contributes significantly to the environmental dose levels that the human being receives, being important to be aware of the distribution, composition and the background of these soils. In this work, the activity concentration of the natural radionuclides was determined by gamma spectrometry from the sands of eight beach from Anchieta e Guarapari, in the Espírito Santo, Brazil. The activity concentration of {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K was expressed by radio equivalent activity (R{sub aeq}), which takes into account the associated radiological risk. From these data, the annual effective dose rate for external environment (H{sub eout}) and the radiation risk indexes (H{sub ex}) were calculated. In the sands of Além, Coninhos, Onça, Três Praias, Morcego and Padres beaches the R{sub aeq} values ranged from 771.9 to 8743.3 Bq.kg{sup -1}, while H{sub ex} ranged from 1.0 to 11.4 Bq.kg{sup -1} and H{sub eout} ranged from 0.6 to 6.0 mSv.year{sup -1}, with the lowest values being from Além and the larger ones from Padres. The Areia Vermelha beach presented higher values the others, with R{sub aeq} of 152.6 kBq.kg{sup -1}, H{sub ex} of 2.1 Bq.kg{sup -1} and H{sub eout} 1.0 Sv.year{sup -1}. This evaluation is a favorable tool for radiological protection because it allows to chart the natural radioactivity to the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. (author)

  4. Mass media, espacio y tiempo en Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana Almada

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo que aquí se sintetiza es un primer acercamiento, desde la perspectiva de autores entre los que destaca Manuel Castells, a un proyecto mayor que pretende analizar e interpretar el proceso de transformaciones que ha venido sufriendo el pueblo de Todos Santos, Baja California Sur BCS, debido a la llegada de dos contingentes de inmigrantes: el primero, rocedente de Estados Unidos y Canadá, llegó a comprar las casas del centro del pueblo; algunos con la intención de quedarse e instalar negocios, principalmente de venta de Bienes Raíces, otros, para pasar allí la temporada otoño invierno; y el segundo, traído del interior del país, principalmente de Acayucan Veracruz y de Ocotepec Guerrero como jornaleros agrícolas por una compañía Sinaloense. Esta inmigración ha introducido a Todos Santos dentro de lo que Castells denomina como sociedad red, es decir, dentro de procesos sociales organizados, cada vez más, en torno a redes que constituyen las nuevas formas de organización social. En resumen, el presente trabajo aborda los efectos de la globalización en la transformación de un pueblo sudcaliforniano, a través de la llegada de los inmigrantes arriba mencionados y del uso de los medios de comunicación vía satélite.

  5. PLANEJAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO DE TI NO PODER JUDICIÁRIO DO ESTADO DO ESPIRITO SANTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alamir Costa Louro

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta os efeitos gerados a partir da concepção e implantação de um planejamento estratégico de tecnologia da informação no Poder Judiciário do Estado do Espírito Santo(PJES. Para coleta dos dados e análise de resultados foram realizadas pesquisas documentais em relatório de auditoria realizado pelo Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ. O artigo buscou evidências no relatório que corroborem com as possíveis melhorias apontadas por autores da área que tangenciam a Governança de TI. Essas melhorias não foram constatadas documentalmente e as razões e consequências foram explicitadas no artigo, que apesar de ser um estudo de caso interno ao PJES, aponta resultados e fatores geradores aparentemente comuns e que podem possibilitar ao estudo servir de referência para aplicação de melhores práticas de Governança de TI em outros tribunais do judiciário brasileiro.   This paper analyses the impact from conception and implementation of a information technology strategic plan in the Court of the State of Espírito Santo (PJES. For data collection and analysis of results were conducted documentary research in the audit report conducted by the National Council of Justice (CNJ. The article had sought evidence in the report to corroborate with possible improvements as pointed out by IT governance area authors. These improvements were not found by documentary evidence and the reasons and consequences were explained in the article, which despite being a case study only in PJES, points out results and organizational characteristics seemingly ordinary what may allow the study serve as a reference in application of IT governance best practices in other courts of the Brazilian judiciary

  6. Risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fregona, Geisa; Cosme, Lorrayne Belique; Moreira, Cláudia Maria Marques; Bussular, José Luis; Dettoni, Valdério do Valle; Dalcolmo, Margareth Pretti; Zandonade, Eliana; Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia

    2017-04-27

    To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study of cases of tuberculosis tested for first-line drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, and streptomycin) in Espírito Santo between 2002 and 2012. We have used laboratory data and registration of cases of tuberculosis - from the Sistema Nacional de Agravos de Notificação and Sistema para Tratamentos Especiais de Tuberculose. Individuals have been classified as resistant and non-resistant and compared in relation to the sociodemographic, clinical, and epidemiological variables. Some variables have been included in a logistic regression model to establish the factors associated with resistance. In the study period, 1,669 individuals underwent anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing. Of these individuals, 10.6% showed resistance to any anti-tuberculosis drug. The rate of multidrug resistance observed, that is, to rifampicin and isoniazid, has been 5%. After multiple analysis, we have identified as independent factors associated with resistant tuberculosis: history of previous treatment of tuberculosis [recurrence (OR = 7.72; 95%CI 4.24-14.05) and re-entry after abandonment (OR = 3.91; 95%CI 1.81-8.43)], smoking (OR = 3.93; 95%CI 1.98-7.79), and positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis at the time of notification of the case (OR = 3.22; 95%CI 1.15-8.99). The partnership between tuberculosis control programs and health teams working in the network of Primary Health Care needs to be strengthened. This would allow the identification and monitoring of individuals with a history of previous treatment of tuberculosis and smoking. Moreover, the expansion of the offer of the culture of tuberculosis and anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing would provide greater diagnostic capacity for the resistant types in Espírito Santo. Analisar a prevalência e fatores associados à tuberculose resistente

  7. Producción de espacio en la ciudad de Lima: la estética de los im/propio en la poesía de Domingo de Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Cristina Rodriguez-Ulloa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La poesía de Domingo de Ramos ha sido interpretada como la voz del migrante, aquello que está por ende asociado a lo rural, no español, no literario. Cambio el enfoque e indago en la crítica literaria que identifica la poesía de de Ramos con su biografía, interrogando también otros discursos que trataron los pueblos jóvenes como espacios carentes de arquitectura, definidos por el paisaje y la naturaleza. Llamo la atención hacia estrategias conceptuales interdisciplinarias que buscan mantener el espacio de los pueblos jóvenes completamente diferenciado, externo e independiente a la ciudad de Lima.

  8. Registro sintético de uma vida: entrevista com Fábio Alves dos Santos (Synthetic record of a life - Interview with Fabio Alves dos Santos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Alves dos Santos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Fábio Alves dos Santos (1954-2013 cursou Pedagogia, Ciências Sociais e Teologia, era Especialista em Filosofia da Religião (PUC Minas, Advogado (PUC Minas e Mestre em Direito Constitucional (UFMG. Lecionou na PUC Minas como professor de Cultura Religiosa e depois como professor no Curso de Direito, atuando principalmente no Serviço de Assistência Judiciária – SAJ, especialmente cuidado de causas populares como as da ASMARE (Associação dos Catadores de Papel, Papelão e Material Reaproveitável de Belo Horizonte, da Pastoral de Rua, da Pastoral Carcerária, de movimentos de “Sem Casa”, de ocupações e tantos outros grupos. Sua primeira publicação foi “Começo de mundo novo: sofrimento, luta e vitória dos posseiros de Santana dos Frades”, Sergipe, numa versão popular em 1981 e outra pela Editora Vozes (1990. Fruto de sua dissertação de mestrado, Fábio publicou o livro “Direito Agrário: política fundiária no Brasil (1995. Em 2001 saiu seu último livro, uma coletânea de artigos publicados em diversos jornais: “Em defesa da vida”. Num artigo em Horizonte (2004, juntamente com o advogado, amigo e colega Prof. Cristiano de Melo Bastos, discutiu “A prática jurídica na missão da PUC Minas”. Fábio sofria de grave problema de visão há mais de 15 anos. Quase ficou cego depois de diversas cirurgias de miopia. Isso, porém, não o impedia de seguir seu constante compromisso com as lutas populares. Na última entrevista que concedeu, menos de um mês antes de sua morte (19 de outubro de 2013, depois de duro sofrimento de quase dois anos, no tratamento de um câncer no pâncreas, conta um pouco de sua vida, sua luta e sua percepção de várias realidades, especialmente da Igreja e da pastoral. Militante formado na Teologia da Libertação, de profunda espiritualidade, marcada por traços da religiosidade popular nordestina e comprometida com a libertação, Fábio Alves também buscou em sua vida abrir-se

  9. Uso e diversidade de plantas medicinais em Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT, Brasil Use and diversity of medicinal plants in Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Christina de Mello Amorozo

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo fazer o levantamento etnobotânico de plantas com usos terapêuticos no município de Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT, e estimar a diversidade de espécies usadas. Foram entrevistados residentes adultos de ambos os sexos, junto com os quais foram coletadas as plantas, depositadas no Herbarium Rioclarense (HRCB. Identificaram-se 228 espécies, pertencentes a 73 famílias; 56% delas crescem espontaneamente em ambientes naturais ou antropicamente modificados, 41% são cultivadas e 3% são compradas. Os índices de diversidade encontrados comparam-se aos mais altos registrados na literatura para plantas medicinais em outras áreas tropicais. A riqueza e diversidade das plantas espontâneas podem espelhar até certo ponto a riqueza e diversidade de espécies no ambiente, enquanto tais parâmetros para as espécies cultivadas estariam mais ligados a fatores sócio-culturais que promovam a introdução de novas plantas e informações de uso a partir de fontes externas. Sugere-se que quando comunidades tradicionais se tornam mais expostas à sociedade nacional, o número de espécies e o conhecimento acerca de seu uso podem sofrer inicialmente um acréscimo, por aportes externos; mas, com o aprofundamento do contato, e as mudanças sócio-econômicas decorrentes, a tendência será que as plantas usadas com fins terapêuticos restrinjam-se às espécies cultivadas e invasoras cosmopolitas.This work describes an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Santo Antonio do Leverger Municipality, Mato Grosso State, Brazil and estimates the diversity of species with therapeutic use. Adult dwellers, male and female, were interviewed and plant gathering undertaken with their assistance. Voucher specimens were deposited at the Herbarium Rioclarense (HRCB. 228 species were identified, belonging to 73 families; 56% of the species grow spontaneously in natural and anthropically modified habitats, 41% are cultivated and 3% are

  10. Surto de leishmaniose tegumentar americana em Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonise Follador

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Em 1993, um surto leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA foi detectado no povoado rural de Canoa, município de Santo Amaro, Bahia. Um estudo observacional prospectivo delineou-se, com objetivo de determinar as taxas de freqüência e caracterizar clinicamente a doença. Foram acompanhados 555 indivíduos, registrando-se 29 casos de LTA, 11 casos sugestivos de LTA pregressa e 529 sadios. Desses 529 sadios, 65 apresentaram reação de Montenegro positiva sem qualquer evidência presente ou passada de doença. A prevalência de LTA no período de estudo foi de 5,2% (29/555. A leishmania envolvida foi caracterizada como Leishmania braziliensis e o vetor, Lutzomyia intermedia. Foram detectados cães e equídeos infectados por leishmania O acometimento de crianças menores de 10 anos, o acometimento igual entre os sexos e um componente de agregação familiar sugerem um padrão de transmissão peri ou intradomiciliar.An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL was detected in the village of Canoa in 1993. A prospective observational study was outlined to determine the frequency rates and to clinically characterize the disease. A total of 555 people were followed up. There were 29 cases of ACL, 11 cases of probably previous ACL (scars and 529 healthy individuals. Of these 529 individuals, 65 had a positive Montenegro reaction without any present or past evidence of leishmaniasis. The prevalence of ACL during the two years was 5.2% (29/555. The leishmania involved was Leishmania braziliensis and the vector, Lutzomyia intermedia. Evidence of infection was detected in dogs and horses. The high frequency of the disease among children under ten years, the similar sex distribution of cases and a component of familial aggregation suggest a peri- or intra-domiciliary transmission.

  11. A new species of Anacroneuria Klapálek 1909 (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Espírito Santo State, southeastern Brazil and comments on additional species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novaes, Marcos Carneiro; Bispo, Pitágoras DA Conceição; Gonçalves, Maísa DE Carvalho

    2016-12-14

    Specimens of Perlidae (Plecoptera) from Espírito Santo State in southeastern Brazil were studied. A new species, Anacroneuria ruschii n. sp. is described. Brief remarks on A. debilis (Pictet) and Kempnyia neotropica (Jacobson & Bianchi) are also presented.

  12. Structure, Kinematics and Origin of Radial Faults: 3D Seismic Observations from the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Alexander; Jackson, Christopher A.-L.

    2017-04-01

    Salt stock growth is typically accompanied by the development of geometrically and kinematically complex fault networks in the surrounding country rock. The most common networks comprise radial faults; these are characterised by low displacement (stock into flanking strata. Radial faults are commonly observed in an arched, unpierced roof developed above a rising salt stock; in these cases, the faults are typically well-imaged seismically and likely form due to outer-arc extension during overburden stretching. Radial faults are also found at deeper structural levels, in strata flanking the diapir stem; in these cases, they are typically less well-imaged, thus their structure, kinematics and origin are less well understood. Furthermore, understanding the growth of radial faults may provide insights into hydrocarbon reservoir compartmentalisation and the evolution of neighbouring salt stocks. Here, we use high-quality 3D seismic reflection data from the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil to determine the structure and kinematics, and infer the likely origin of exceptionally well-imaged radial faults overlying and flanking a mature salt stock. Furthermore, we compare the geometric (e.g. throw, geometry, spacing, distribution etc.) and kinematic (e.g. timing of formation and duration of activity) characteristics of radial faults at both structural levels, allowing us to infer their temporal relationship and likely origins. We show that radial faults regardless of their structural level typically have aspect ratios of c. 1.8 - 2, are laterally-restricted in the vicinity of the salt, and have lengths of indices of c. 1, with low throw gradients of 0.05 - 0.1 at the upper tip indicate that radial faults were likely blind. Throws range from 5 - 80 ms, with throw-maxima within 1 - 2 radii of the salt diapir. However, we note that the position of the throw maxima is not at the same level for all radial faults. We propose that radial faults nucleate and initially grow as blind

  13. Monetization non associated natural gas offshore reserve in the Espirito Santo Basin; Monetizacao de uma reserva 'offshore' de gas natural nao associado na Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelman, Jose Ricardo; Barbosa, Leonardo Alcantara [BG Group, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Cintra, Marcos Antonio Lins da Costa [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Brunet, Patricia Lima [Anadarko Exploracao e Producao Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Longo, Rafael Rodrigo [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper analyzes, from the perspective of a new player in the Brazilian market, the opportunities and the challenges to monetize a non-associated natural gas offshore resource, located in the Espirito Santo Basin. The fictitious exploration block 'BM-ES-07', located in shallow waters, near to the coast of Linhares, in Espirito Santo, was a hundred percent acquired, by an international independent oil and gas company during the fourth bid round of the ANP, occurred in 2002. With 10 (ten) billion cubic meters (m{sup 3}) of recoverable gas, the field will initiate its production in 2012, also producing condensate (C5+). The total investments are estimated (based in 2006 prices) in R$420 millions, including exploration, development and production costs. Considering the assumptions presented, the article describes the project development, presenting the economics results, and also discusses the alternatives for natural gas marketing. (author)

  14. Chelonians trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo); Monitoramento de encalhe de quelonios marinhos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the marine chelonians stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 159 chelonians stranded were registered. The species Chelonia mydas was prevailing in number and distribution. This species make use of this beach area to food. Lepidochelys olivacea was the second species in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Caretta caretta and Eretmochelys imbricata. There was only one reproductive register, of Caretta caretta species. (author)

  15. Cetaceans trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo) coasts; Monitoramento de encalhe de cetaceos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G.; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M. [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A. [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the cetaceans stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 15 cetaceans stranded were registered. The species Sotalia guianensis was prevailing in number and distribution. Megaptera novaeangliae was the second specie in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Tursiops truncatus and Peponocephala electra. (author)

  16. Identification of an impact structure in the Upper Cretaceous of the Santos Basin in 3D seismic reflection data; Identificacao de uma estrutura de impacto no Cretaceo Superior da Bacia de Santos em sismica de reflexao 3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, Gustavo Alberto [PETROBRAS, Santos, SP (Brazil). Exploracao e Producao. Interpretacao e Avaliacao das Bacias da Costa Sul Polo Sul]. E-mail: gustavoac@petrobras.com.br; Menezes, Jorge Rui Correa de; Bueno, Gilmar Vital

    2005-05-01

    This work presents the unpublished Praia Grande impact structure, located in the Santos basin, approximately 200 km southeast from the coastline of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The identification of this structure is based on the interpretation of three-dimensional seismic data, acquired and processed in 2004 for petroleum exploration in a PETROBRAS concession block in the Santos Basin. The main morphological elements imposed on Upper Cretaceous rocks are a structural high in the center of the crater, an adjacent ring syncline, and, externally, several concentric circular listric normal faults. The structure is apparently well preserved from erosion, measures around 20 km in diameter, is buried by 4 km of rocks and occurred in the Santonian (85,8-83,5 Ma). (author)

  17. Analysis of the influence of the Colatina Belt in the Campos and Espirito Santo Basins-Brazil; Analise da influencia da Faixa Colatina nas Bacias de Campos e Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Gustavo Henrique Teixeira da; Simoes, Luiz Sergio Amarante; Souza, Iata Anderson de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    Recent discoveries in the Espirito Santo Basin confirm the importance of it in the national exploratory scenery (oil and gas production). The new fields like Carapo and Camarupim, beyond others, next to already known Golfinho and Canapu, totalize an addition of 560 million barrels. In this way, studies in the area add importance, as the case of the present research, where if it looked to analyze the influence of Colatina Belt in Espirito Santo Basin and secondarily in Campos Basin. The results had been gotten through the integration of diverse data, such as lineaments extracted from images SRTM, potential maps and analyze of seismic lines. It was concluded that the Colatina Belt if projects for the interior of the basins, but that the same one seems to be dislocated in relation to the direct projection of the continental features, being that its influence can be felt with bigger emphasis in the Campos Basin, while in the Espirito Santo it look like to have low importance with regard to the exploration aspects. Also it was verified the presence of numerous halo kinetic structures that affect all the mapped horizons, this element determine great importance in the generation of structural traps. (author)

  18. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of mini-basins and salt provinces of Espirito Santo Basin-Brazil; Analise da evolucao tectono sedimentar de mini-bacias e provincias de sal da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias; Fernandes, Flavio Luis [Petroleum Geoscience Technology Ltda. (PGT), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mohriak, Webster [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The Espirito Santo Basin integrates the group of basins along the eastern Brazilian continental margin. It is located between 18 deg and 21 deg S, encompassing an area of approximately 220,000 km{sup 2}, onshore and offshore the Espirito Santo State. Its geological limit with the Campos Basin to the south is defined by a Precambrian basement high (Vitoria Arch), and its northern limit with the Mucuri Basin is defined by a geopolitical limit. The study of salt tectonics processes in the Espirito Santo Basin allowed the deformational analysis and interpretation of the chronological evolution of the mini-basins developed between salt diapirs. We observe an intrinsic relationship between halokinesis and creation of subsidence troughs that may be important for trapping hydrocarbon reservoirs, and consequently form oil and gas accumulations in this portion of the basin. This geodynamics evolution of these structures is marked by a strong linkage between salt movement and coeval sedimentation in the interdomal basins, forming structures and stratigraphic traps that may constitute important aspects for the petroleum geology. (author)

  19. Ideologisch motivierte Bauaufgaben für die sozialistische Gesellschaft in der jungen Sowjetunion und ihre konzeptionellen Veränderungsprozesse : Der Geniekult und seine Architektur in der Sowjetunion: eine Analyse von Kolumbusdenkmälern für Santo Domingo im allgemeinen Spektrum Sowjetischer Denkmäler: Teil III

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmidt, D.W.

    2007-01-01

    Architecture of the Soviet avant-garde is widely known in its basic ideas. Specialized research, however, concerning the development of certain building types is still a desideratum. So, monographic studies of the communal housing typology are unknown as well as those of memorial typology. The

  20. Contamination of mantle magmas by crustal contributions: evidence from the brasiliano mobile belt in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wiedemann, Cristina M.; mendes, Julio C.; Ludka, Isabel P.

    1995-01-01

    In the beginning of the late orogenic phase of the Pan african/Brasiliano Mobile Belt, in Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro States, along the Brazilian coast, tholeiitic gabbros intruded the coast Small bodies of clinopyroxene -gabbro-norites, hornblendi-gabbros and clinoorthopyroxenes -pyroxenites/hornblendites typical tholeiitic AFM-trends. The series of rocks reveal evidence of crustal contamination, but no signs of in situ mixing with granitic melts. The geochemical characteristics of the tholeiitic series and suites of magmatites,- present in the different evolutionary stages of the post-collisional magmatic arc, in the Brasiliano Coastal Mobile belt, in the States of Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro-, are regarded as an important tool for the recognition of a further contamination process of an already enriched mantle, at crustal levels, during Late Proterozoic/Early Paleozoic times. 33 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs

  1. SANTOS - a two-dimensional finite element program for the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of solids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, C.M.

    1997-07-01

    SANTOS is a finite element program designed to compute the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of two-dimensional planar or axisymmetric solids. The code is derived from the transient dynamic code PRONTO 2D. The solution strategy used to compute the equilibrium states is based on a self-adaptive dynamic relaxation solution scheme, which is based on explicit central difference pseudo-time integration and artificial mass proportional damping. The element used in SANTOS is a uniform strain 4-node quadrilateral element with an hourglass control scheme to control the spurious deformation modes. Finite strain constitutive models for many common engineering materials are included. A robust master-slave contact algorithm for modeling sliding contact is implemented. An interface for coupling to an external code is also provided. 43 refs., 22 figs.

  2. Nesting of Dermochelys coriacea (Testudines, Dermochelyidae in the city of Vila Velha, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Silva Pereira Mayorga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide, the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea is seriously threatened with extinction, especially due to accidental catches by amateur and professional fisherman. In Brazil, the only recurrent breeding sites for this species are located along the northern coast of the state of Espírito Santo, although spawning has been occasionally recorded in other states. In February 2010, a nest of D. coriacea was found in Vila Velha, Espírito Santo (20º28’30”S, 40º20’48”W, which contained 132 eggs and a stillborn. Four dead hatchlings were also found scattered within five meters of the nest. The coast of Vila Velha is not considered a breeding site for this species.

  3. A contribuição de Milton Santos para os estudos de ecossistemas das mídias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio B. Josgrilberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo presentar posibles aportes del geógrafo brasileño Milton Santos al análisis de los ecosistemas de los medios. El texto busca dialogar con la tradición de los estudios comunicacionales conocidos como ecología de los medios, que es altamente influenciada por nombres como Marshall McLuhan, Neil Postman y Walter Ong. El artículo también se apoya en conceptos y metáforas retiradas de las ciencias de los ecosistemas, y concluye que el principal aporte de Santos al debate está en cómo él articula la cuestión del poder económico y técnico a su análisis del espacio geográfico haciendo uso de abordajes sistémicos y dialécticos.

  4. Bats from the Restinga of Praia das Neves, state of Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz, J. L.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on bat richness and diversity in coastal sand dunes (‘restinga’ are still scarce. Therefore, the objectives of thepresent study were to estimate bat richness in the restinga of Praia das Neves (state of Espírito Santo, southeasternBrazil and to analyze species abundance. Ten sampling nights were carried out in May and July 2008, resulting in asampling effort of 21,847.5 h.m2. We captured 125 individuals from 17 bat species. In this study, Tonatia saurophilawas recorded for the first time not only in the state of Espírito Santo but also in the restinga ecosystem. The mostabundant species was Artibeus lituratus with 32% of all captures. Surveys in coastal restingas are urgently needed inorder to obtain more information about the bats living in this environment.

  5. Outbreaks of Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae in tomato plantations in Espírito Santo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Santos Andrade

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Spodoptera eridania Cramer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae has been reported in various crops in recent years in Brazil. The outbreaks of S. eridania were observed in regions of tomato production in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The chemical control used as the main method of control pests, without the agronomic observations of integrated pest management, is a probable cause of such outbreaks in tomato in these regions.

  6. Determination of the optimum commercial size for the mangrove oyster (Crassostrea rhizophorae) in Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, Iracema Andrade; Pereira, Solange Andrade; Souza, Raymundo Costa e

    1980-01-01

    Texto completo. Acesso restrito. p. 1 – 8 Pilot studies were conducted in 1977-1978 on the cultivation of mangrove oysters in the Jacuruna River estuary at Todos OS Santos Bay, Salvador, Brazil. Growth characteristics were studied by comparing the relationships between total live weight, volume of the shell cavity fluid and yield of meat, and dry body weight to size (height). The most economically feasible proposition was production of approximately 7 cm high oysters for the sh...

  7. American visceral leishmaniasis dissociated from Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae) in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto,Israel de Souza; Santos,Claudiney Biral dos; Grimaldi Jr.,Gabriel; Ferreira,Adelson Luiz; Falqueto,Aloísio

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of American visceral leishmaniasis in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil has always been associated with the presence of the Lutzomyia longipalpis vector. The geographic distribution of this vector in this state is related to the presence of specific geoclimatic characteristics, such as a dry climate, low elevations (< 450m), steep slopes and rocky outcrops. The occurrence of human autochthonous cases of American visceral leishmaniasis in municipalities without these geoclimat...

  8. The royalties application on President Kennedy city, Espirito Santo, Brazil; A aplicacao dos royalties em Presidente Kennedy, ES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knaak, Fabricio Jose Bassetto; Cardia, Tarik Hajab [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil). Curso de Relacoes Internacionais

    2008-07-01

    This work aims to assemble a study of implementation of royalty in the municipality of President Kennedy - the state of Espirito Santo, showing the disparity between the collection of royalties on oil and quality of infrastructure that the city offers. Based on data the prefecture of the municipality, PNUD and competent bodies, we will show how the money is being used comes from royalties on oil, and what policies the city council's adopting this to apply this feature. (author)

  9. Numerical diagnostic of the circulation in the Santos Bight with COROAS hydrographic data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Cirano

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This work represents part of the analyses of the data generated during the first two mesoscale hydrographic cruises of COROAS Project: one during the Summer and the other during the Winter of 1993. The area surveyed during these cruises is the region of the South Brazil Bight (or Santos Bight limited at the coast by the cities of Ubatuba and Iguape, extending from the 50 m isobath to oceanic regions with depths greater than 2500 m. The main goal of this work consisted of the adaptation of the Princeton Ocean Model to the area of study, including realistic topography, observed thermohaline structure and open boundaries. Using this model, a set of diagnostic experiments was realized using density structures based on the COROAS hydrographic data. The baroclinic velocity fields obtained, as expected from preliminary analyses of the thermohaline structures, showed similar features for the Brazil Current in bOla seasonal cruises. The results show an intrusion of Tropical Water over the continental shelf in the region between Ubatuba and Santos, both during the Summer and the Winter cruises. The results also suggest the penetration of the South Atlantic Central Water, underneath the Tropical Water, to the external part of the continental shelf in both occasions.Este artigo representa parte das análises desenvolvidas com os dados hidrográficos coletados durante os dois primeiros cruzeiros do sub-projeto Hidrografia de Meso-escala (HM do Projeto COROAS: o primeiro no verão e o outro no inverno de 1993. A área amostrada nos dois cruzeiros é limitada na costa pelas cidades de Iguape e Ubatuba, estendendo-se da isóbata de 50 m até regiões oceânicas com mais de 2500 m de profundidade. O objetivo central deste trabalho resumiu-se na adaptação do Princeton Ocean Model para a região de estudo, incluindo batimetria real, os campos termohalinos observados e contornos abertos. Usando-se esse modelo, realizou-se um conjunto de experimentos diagn

  10. Metal and trace element assessment of estuary sediments from Santos, Brazil, by neutron activation and atomic absorption techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T.; Berbel, Glaucia B.B.; Braga, Elisabete S.

    2007-01-01

    In order to better understanding geochemical and environmental processes and their possible changes due to anthropogenic activities trace metal analyses and their distribution in marine sediments are commonly undertaken. The present study reports result concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirteen bottom sediment samples (SV0501 to SV0513) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao, Vicente de Carvalho and Santos' Bay, in the summer of 2005. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). For total mercury determination cold vapor atomic absorption technique (CV AAS) was employed. In both cases methodology validation was performed by certified reference material analyses. The results obtained for multielemental concentrations in the sediment samples were compared with NASC (North American Shale Composite) values. The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr, Hg and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values). In general, the samples located near the Cubatao region showed higher concentrations for all elements analyzed probably due to the high impact of industrial activities. (author)

  11. Metal and trace element assessment of estuary sediments from Santos, Brazil, by neutron activation and atomic absorption techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo P.; Favaro, Deborah I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mails: ducamorim@yahoo.com.br; defavaro@ipen.br; Berbel, Glaucia B.B.; Braga, Elisabete S. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos nos Oceanos - LABNUT]. E-mail: edsbraga@usp.br

    2007-07-01

    In order to better understanding geochemical and environmental processes and their possible changes due to anthropogenic activities trace metal analyses and their distribution in marine sediments are commonly undertaken. The present study reports result concerning the distribution of some major, trace and rare earth elements in the Santos estuarine marine sediments. Thirteen bottom sediment samples (SV0501 to SV0513) were collected in this estuary, including regions of Sao Vicente, Santos, Cubatao, Vicente de Carvalho and Santos' Bay, in the summer of 2005. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). For total mercury determination cold vapor atomic absorption technique (CV AAS) was employed. In both cases methodology validation was performed by certified reference material analyses. The results obtained for multielemental concentrations in the sediment samples were compared with NASC (North American Shale Composite) values. The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr, Hg and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values). In general, the samples located near the Cubatao region showed higher concentrations for all elements analyzed probably due to the high impact of industrial activities. (author)

  12. Integrated quality assessment of sediments from harbour areas in Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System, Southern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buruaem, Lucas Moreira; de Castro, Ítalo Braga; Hortellani, Marcos Antonio; Taniguchi, Satie; Fillmann, Gilberto; Sasaki, Silvio Tarou; Varella Petti, Mônica Angélica; Sarkis, Jorge Eduardo de Souza; Bícego, Márcia Caruso; Maranho, Luciane Alves; Davanso, Marcela Bergo; Nonato, Edmundo Ferraz; Cesar, Augusto; Costa-Lotufo, Leticia Veras; Abessa, Denis Moledo de Souza

    2013-09-01

    Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System is a highly populated coastal zone in Brazil and where it is located the major port of Latin America. Historically, port activities, industrial and domestic effluents discharges have constituted the main sources of contaminants to estuarine system. This study aimed to assess the recent status of sediment quality from 5 zones of Port of Santos by applying a lines-of-evidence approach through integrating results of: (1) acute toxicity of whole sediment and chronic toxicity of liquid phases; (2) grain size, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkylbenzenes and butyltins; (3) benthic community descriptors. Results revealed a gradient of increasing contamination for metals and organic compounds, alongside with their geochemical carriers. Sediment liquid phases were more toxic compared to whole sediment. Low number of species and individuals indicated the impoverishment of benthic community. The use of site-specific sediment quality guidelines was more appropriate to predict sediment toxicity. The integration of results through Sediment Quality Triad approach and principal component analysis allowed observing the effects of natural stressors and dredging on sediment quality and benthic distribution. Even with recent governmental efforts to control, pollution is still relevant in Port of Santos and a threat to local ecosystems.

  13. Human sporotrichosis beyond the epidemic front reveals classical transmission types in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araujo, Mariceli L; Rodrigues, Anderson M; Fernandes, Geisa F; de Camargo, Zoilo P; de Hoog, G Sybren

    2015-08-01

    Sporotrichosis has emerged as the main subcutaneous mycosis of humans and animals around the world. With particular differences in frequency, the major species includes Sporothrix brasiliensis, S. schenckii, S. globosa and S. luriei. In Brazil, the main aspect of this epidemic is based on the zoonotic transmission through the scratches and bites of diseased cats contaminated with S. brasiliensis. Areas free of feline sporotrichosis are poorly characterised in Brazil. We investigated by molecular tools the epidemiology of human sporotrichosis in the Espírito Santo (ES) state, an area adjacent to Rio de Janeiro where is the epicentre of the long-lasting outbreak of cat-transmitted sporotrichosis. The human cases in the ES state reveal the prevalence of classical transmission types where subjects are mainly infected by accidental traumatic inoculation during manipulation of contaminated plant material. In agreement with an environmental source, Sporothrix schenckii was the major aetiological agent in the classical transmission. Unlike Rio de Janeiro, this study shows that cat-transmitted epidemic in Espírito Santo is still scanty, although the geographic proximity and similar climatic features. Sporothrix brasiliensis was the agent in the feline-transmitted cases. Sporothrix globosa was isolated from a patient with fixed cutaneous lesions that did not report any contact with diseased animals. In conclusion, beyond the borders of Rio de Janeiro epidemic, agents of sporotrichosis in Espírito Santo show a scattered occurrence with high species diversity. © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  14. Visões e construções sobre povo e raça no campo cinematográfico brasileiro dos anos 1950: as teses de Solano Trindade e de Nelson Pereira dos Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Vinicius Asterito Lapera

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to address two thesis presented in the Congress of the Brazilian Film in the  1950s to relate them to the beggining of formation of the Brazilian cinematographic field. More precisely, we will analyze Folclore e Cinema, thesis defended by Solano Trindade in the I Congresso Nacional do Cinema Brasileiro; and O problema do conteúdo no cinema brasileiro, presented by Nelson Pereira dos Santos in the I Congresso Paulista do Cinema Brasileiro. From them, we will analyze which images of Brazilian people these thesis articulated in their defenses. Our hypothesis is that, in order to use Gilberto Freyre’s ideas, these intellectuals chose the image of the Brazilian people as a racially, ethnically and culturally heterogeneous people, but in the process of integration. This is not to say that they only reproduce these ideas, but actively used in shaping the habitus of cinematographic field at that time. 

  15. Ichthyoplankton distribution and abundance in the northern Todos os Santos and Camamu Bays, Bahia State - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Katsuragawa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence, distribution and abundance of ichthyoplankton in Todos os Santos and Camamu Bays were analyzed based on four samplings (winter 2003, summer 2003, winter 2004 and summer 2005. Samples were obtained by surface horizontal hauls, using a 200-µm mesh conical-cylinder plankton net. The distribution and abundance of eggs indicate a remarkable seasonal and annual variation of spawning activity in the region, especially when the two summer campaigns are compared. In summer 2003 the highest quantitative values were recorded, especially for Camamu, where the maximum reached 106.56 eggs.m-3, with an overall average of 43.46 eggs.m-3 for the two areas. In summer 2005 values were relatively low, the overall average being 3.49 eggs.m-3. The larval taxonomic composition is characterized by the predominance of gobiids, with small variation from summer to winter. Considering all the campaigns and samplings undertaken in both areas, larvae of 11 families were identified: Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Mugilidae, Atherinopsidae, Hemiramphidae, Syngnathidae, Blenniidae, Carangidae, Gobiidae, Achiridae and Tetraodontidae.O ictioplâncton coletado ao norte da baía de Todos os Santos e na baía de Camamu (Inverno 2003, Verão 2003, Inverno 2004 e Verão 2005 é analisado de forma comparativa. As amostras foram obtidas com redes de plâncton do tipo cônica-cilíndrica de 200 µm de malhagem, em arrastos horizontais de subsuperfície. Os resultados sobre a distribuição e abundância de ovos de peixes sugerem uma ampla variação sazonal e anual da desova. Entre os verões as diferenças foram especialmente visíveis, sendo observados no primeiro verão (dez/03 os maiores valores quantitativos do projeto (máximo = 106,56 ovos.m-3; média = 43,46 ovos.m-3, enquanto que no segundo verão (jan/05 os valores foram em geral baixos (média geral = 3,49 ovos.m-3. A composição taxonômica é caracterizada pela predominância de gobiídeos, com pequenas varia

  16. Rare earth elements as tracers of sediment contamination by phosphogypsum in the Santos estuary, southern Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barros de Oliveira, Sonia Maria; Cardoso da Silva, Paulo Sergio; Paci Mazzilli, Barbara; Teixeira Favaro, Deborah Ines; Saueia, Catia Heloisa

    2007-01-01

    In the Cubatao region, southern Brazil, sediments are transported by several rivers from the Serra do Mar Ridge into the Santos estuary. Fertilizer plants have been operating along the margins of one of these rivers (Mogi River) producing a large volume of phosphogypsum, which is stockpiled in nearby areas. Surface sediments of the Mogi River were sampled upstream and downstream in relation to the point where the effluents of the phosphogypsum piles flow into the drainage system. In the vicinity of this point one sediment core was collected. Results show that REE, Ba, Zr and Th concentrations in the non-contaminated sediments are of the same order as those present in the upper continental crust. The contaminated samples present a composition affected by that of the phosphogypsum, marked by a higher concentration of these elements and a stronger degree of REE fractionation. These phosphogypsum characteristics are inherited from the Catalao igneous phosphate ore and were moderately modified by the industrial process of phosphoric acid production. The phosphogypsum signal decreases rapidly downstream, pointing to a limited area of influence of the stacks. The deepest sediments of the core are also free of contamination, representing a time interval prior to the deposition of phosphogypsum wastes on the banks of the estuary

  17. Marine controlled source electromagnetic (mCSEM) detects hydrocarbon reservoirs in the Santos Basin - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buonora, Marco Polo Pereira; Rodrigues, Luiz Felipe [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Zerilli, Andrea; Labruzzo, Tiziano [WesternGeco, Houston, TX (United States)

    2008-07-01

    In recent years marine Controlled Source Electromagnetic (mCSEM) has driven the attention of an increasing number of operators due to its sensitivity to map resistive structures, such as hydrocarbon reservoirs beneath the ocean floor and successful case histories have been reported. The Santos basin mCSEM survey was performed as part of a technical co-operation project between PETROBRAS and Schlumberger to assess the integration of selected deep reading electromagnetic technologies into the full cycle of oil field exploration and development. The survey design was based on an in-depth sensitivity study, built on known reservoirs parameters, such as thickness, lateral extent, overburden and resistivities derived from seismic and well data. In this context, the mCSEM data were acquired to calibrate the technology over the area's known reservoirs, quantify the resistivity anomalies associated with those reservoirs, with the expectation that new prospective locations could be found. We show that the mCSEM response of the known reservoirs yields signatures that can be clearly imaged and accurately quantified and there are evident correlations between the mCSEM anomalies and the reservoirs. (author)

  18. Trace elements in muscle of three fish species from Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Santana, Carolina Oliveira; de Jesus, Taíse Bomfim; de Aguiar, William Moura; de Jesus Sant'anna Franca-Rocha, Washington; Soares, Carlos Alberto Caroso

    2017-03-01

    In this study, an analysis was performed on the concentrations of the trace elements Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn in muscle of two carnivorous and one planktivorous fish species collected at Todos os Santos Bay (BTS). The accumulation order of the trace elements in Lutjanus analis was Al >Zn >Fe >Cr >Ba >Ni. In Cetengraulis edentulus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >As. In the species Diapterus rhombeus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >Cd. To determine the risk related to the consumption of fish, toxicity guidelines were used as standard references. It was observed that the species C. edentulus contained concentrations of As exceeding WHO limits, but these concentrations were acceptable according to the Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) guidelines. Cd levels were found only in D. rhombeus and in low concentrations according to the determinations of WHO and ANVISA. Pb levels were not detected in any of the three fish species. The analyzed elements did not differ statistically according to the species and feeding habits. The results point to possible risks of human contamination by As related to the consumption of the fish species C. edentulus from the BTS.

  19. Gamma radiation measurement in select sand samples from Camburi beach - Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil: preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.; Aquino, Reginaldo R., E-mail: lfbarros@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b, E-mail: raquino@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The variation of natural radioactivity along the surface of the beach sands of Camburi, located in Vitoria, capital of Espirito Santo, southeastern Brazil, was determined from the contents of {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K. Eleven collecting points was selected along all the 6 km extension of the Camburi beach. Sand samples collected from all established points on January 2011 were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series. The {sup 226}Ra concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi. The {sup 232}Th concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of {sup 228}Ac, {sup 212}Pb and {sup 212}Bi and the {sup 40}K from its single gamma transition. Preliminary results show activity concentrations varying from 5 Bq.kg{sup -1} to {sup 222} Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra and from 14 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 1074 Bq.kg{sup -'}1 for {sup 232}Th, both with the highest values for Camburi South and Central. For {sup 40}K, the activity concentrations ranged from 14 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 179 Bq.kg{sup -1} and the highest values were obtained for Camburi South. (author)

  20. Report on energy saving vision in Santo-cho region; Santocho chiiki sho energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    An energy-saving vision was decided on in Santo-cho region in Hyogo Prefecture, with its outline reported. This town is such that about 80% of the region is mountains, forests and wilderness and that aging is advancing at the rate above that of Hyogo Prefecture or the national average. Nearly entire energy of the town is dependent on the supply from outside. The energy consumption is somewhat increasing as a whole, with that of the people's livelihood/domestic sector and of transportation sector are rising. In the classification of fuels, electricity is growing in consumption. As an energy-saving vision, it aimed principally at personal surroundings in which every one got into the habit of saving energy continuously without being forced. The basic plan for the energy conservation drive consisted of inducement to an energy-saving life style, energy conservation to be spread by the next generation children, continuation of energy saving activity rooted in the region, and promotion of energy conservation as a basis for introducing new energy. The diffusion and enlightenment for children destined to lead the next generation were defined as a particularly important assignment, as was the promotion of energy conservation and environmental education. (NEDO)

  1. Total petroleum hydrocarbons and trace metals in tropical estuary of Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celino, Joil Jose; Oliveira, Olivia Maria Cordeiro de; Queiroz, Antonio Fernando de Souza [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Trigueis, Jorge Alberto [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil); Garcia, Karina Santos [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    As part of the environmental assessment within Todos os Santos Bay, State of Bahia - Brazil, in summer of 2005, superficial water and sediments samples of the mangrove were collected at five locations to determine the spatial distribution of anthropogenic pollutants in the Dom Joao estuary at the Sao Francisco do Conde Region. Sandy sediments with low organic matter content dominate the studied area. Trace metal levels indicated that sediments were moderately polluted with Cu (overall mean: 21.48 +/- 4.76 {mu}g.g-1 dry sediment), but not with Pb (15 +/- 8), Zn (38 +/- 10), Cr (15 +/- 7), Ni (13 +/- 6) and Cd (0.4 +/- 0.2). Depending on location, total petroleum hydrocarbons ranged from 1.6 to 10.6 {mu}g.g-1. To discriminate pattern differences and similarities among samples, principal component analysis (PCA) was performed using a correlation matrix. PCA revealed the latent relationships among all the stations investigated and confirmed our analytical results. Principal components analysis confirmed two regions according to their environmental quality. The results pointed out that almost all the area presented some substances that can cause adverse biological effects, especially in the outermost region where some metals are above TEL level. (author)

  2. Hepatitis C in prisoners and non-prisoners in Colatina, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Cristina Falquetto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present work was to compare hepatitis C prevalence, genotypes, and risk factors between prisoners and non-prisoners in the city of Colatina, Espírito Santo, Brazil. This cross-sectional study involved approximately 1,600 residents and 730 prisoners, all of whom were living in Colatina. The percentage of individuals who tested positive for anti-HCV was 0.1% (2/1,600 in the non-prisoner group and 1.0% (7/730 in the prisoner group, confirming a higher risk of hepatitis C in the latter group. The percentage of subjects who progressed to HCV-RNA negative was 11.1% (1/9, confirming the high probability of evolution to chronicity. Genotype 1 was the most predominant genotype found. Factors associated with increased risk of hepatitis C were being male, being institutionalized, having an income of less than three minimum wages, having low educational attainment, and using injected drugs. Alcohol use, pain in the liver, migraine, and reported history of hepatitis were markedly associated with hepatitis C. The prison population tested positive for anti-HCV at a higher rate than the non-prison population.

  3. Survey for Tick-Borne Zoonoses in the State of Espirito Santo, Southeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolidorio, Mariana G.; Labruna, Marcelo B.; Machado, Rosangela Z.; Moraes-Filho, Jonas; Zago, Augusto M.; Donatele, Dirlei M.; Pinheiro, Sônia R.; Silveira, Iara; Caliari, Késia M.; Yoshinari, Natalino H.

    2010-01-01

    Blood samples collected from 201 humans, 92 dogs, and 27 horses in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were tested by polymerase chain reaction, indirect immunofluorescence assays, and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for tick-borne diseases (rickettsiosis, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, borreliosis, babesiosis). Our results indicated that the surveyed counties are endemic for spotted fever group rickettsiosis because sera from 70 (34.8%) humans, 7 (7.6%) dogs, and 7 (25.9%) horses were reactive to at least one of the six Rickettsia species tested. Although there was evidence of ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis) and babesiosis (Babesia canis vogeli, Theileria equi) in domestic animals, no human was positive for babesiosis and only four individuals were serologically positive for E. canis. Borrelia burgdorferi-serologic reactive sera were rare among humans and horses, but encompassed 51% of the canine samples, suggesting that dogs and their ticks can be part of the epidemiological cycle of the causative agent of the Brazilian zoonosis, named Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome. PMID:20595502

  4. Pockmark asymmetry and seafloor currents in the Santos Basin offshore Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schattner, U.; Lazar, M.; Souza, L. A. P.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Mahiques, M. M.

    2016-01-01

    Pockmarks form by gas/fluid expulsion into the ocean and are preserved under conditions of negligible sedimentation. Ideally, they are circular at the seafloor and symmetrical in profile. Elliptical pockmarks are more enigmatic. They are associated with seafloor currents while asymmetry is connected to sedimentation patterns. This study examines these associations through morphological analysis of new multibeam data collected across the Santos continental slope offshore Brazil in 2011 (353–865 mbsl). Of 984 pockmarks, 78% are both elliptical and asymmetric. Geometric criteria divide the pockmarks into three depth ranges that correlate with a transition between two currents: the Brazil Current transfers Tropical Water and South Atlantic Central Water southwestwards while the Intermediate Western Boundary Current transfers Antarctic Intermediate Water northeastwards. It is suggested that the velocity of seafloor currents and their persistence dictate pockmark ellipticity, orientation and profile asymmetry. Fast currents (>20 cm/s) are capable of maintaining pockmark flank steepness close to the angle of repose. These morphological expressions present direct evidence for an edge effect of the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre and, in general, provide a correlation between pockmark geometry and seafloor currents that can be applied at other locations worldwide.

  5. Heavy metals in benthic organisms from Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GM. Amado-Filho

    Full Text Available The marine ecosystems of Todos os Santos Bay (TSB, The State of Bahia, Brazil have been impacted by the presence on its coast of a large metropolitan area as well as of chemical and petrochemical activities. Despite its ecological importance, there is a lack of scientific information concerning metal contamination in TSB marine biota. Thus, we analyzed concentrations of metals in four species of marine benthic organisms (two seaweeds, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum sp. one seagrass, Halodule wrightii and one oyster, Crassostrea rhizophorae in three sites from the TSB region that have been most affected by industrial activities. The concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophometry. The obtained data indicates that cadmium and copper in seaweeds, oysters and seagrass, as well as Ni concentrations in oysters, were in range of contaminated coastal areas. Cadmium and copper are available to organisms through suspended particles, dissolved fraction of water column and bottom sediment interstitial water. As oysters and other mollusks are used as food sources by the local population, the metal levels found in oysters in TSB may constitute a health risk for this population. Our results suggest implanting a heavy metals biomonitoring program in the TSB marine ecosystems.

  6. Gamma radiation measurement in select sand samples from Camburi beach - Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil: preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.; Aquino, Reginaldo R.

    2011-01-01

    The variation of natural radioactivity along the surface of the beach sands of Camburi, located in Vitoria, capital of Espirito Santo, southeastern Brazil, was determined from the contents of 226 Ra, 232 Th and 40 K. Eleven collecting points was selected along all the 6 km extension of the Camburi beach. Sand samples collected from all established points on January 2011 were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the 238 U and 232 Th series. The 226 Ra concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of 214 Pb and 214 Bi. The 232 Th concentration was determined from the weighted average concentrations of 228 Ac, 212 Pb and 212 Bi and the 40 K from its single gamma transition. Preliminary results show activity concentrations varying from 5 Bq.kg -1 to 222 Bq.kg -1 for 226 Ra and from 14 Bq.kg -1 to 1074 Bq.kg -' 1 for 232 Th, both with the highest values for Camburi South and Central. For 40 K, the activity concentrations ranged from 14 Bq.kg -1 to 179 Bq.kg -1 and the highest values were obtained for Camburi South. (author)

  7. Iron oxides and monazite from sands of two beaches in Espirito Santo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coelho, Flavia dos Santos; Couceiro, Paulo Rogerio da Costa; Lopes, Ana Lucia; Fabris, Jose Domingos

    2005-01-01

    Sand samples collected from two sampling sites on Guarapari and Iriri beaches, state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were studied in an attempt to better describe their chemical and mineralogical compositions and radioactive behaviors. The sands were found to contain about 6 (Guarapari) and 2 dag kg -1 (Iriri) of rare earth and thorium that, if allocated to the monazite-(Ce) structure, lead to the averaged formulae Ce 3+ 0,494G d 3+ 0,012 La 3+ 0,209 Nd 3+ 0,177 Pr 3+ 0,040 Sm 3+ 0,024 Th 4+ 0,033 (PO 4 ) and Ce 3+ 0,474 La 3+ 0,227 Nd 3+ 0,190 Pr 3+ 0,044 Sm 3+ 0,032 Th 4+ 0,024 (PO 4 ). From Moessbauer spectroscopy data, the magnetic fractions of these sands were found to contain stoichiometric hematite (47.4 dag kg -1 , from Guarapari, and 25.1 dag kg -1 , from Iriri) and magnetite (44.1 and 58.8 dag kg -1 ). The specific α and β radiation activities were also measured for both samples. (author)

  8. Irony and joking in ethnographic fieldwork: Reflections from Santo Antão Island (Cape Verde

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    Martina Giuffrè

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this essay I address the crucial role of irony and joking in anthropology with a focus on the ethnographic relationship. My starting point is field research carried out from 2001 to 2004 on Santo Antão island (Cape Verde, specifically Ponta do Sol. In Cape Verdean practice, jokes and irony represent customary communicational modes and important tools for building relationships: the ultimate means of achieving “cultural intimacy”, they are used almost as rites of initiation to bring newcomers into the community and at the same time to manage ambiguities. Indeed, it was precisely through irony that my interlocutors were able to perfectly capture my ambiguous insider/outsider position. In this specific ethnographic context, the ironic relationship is understood as both a key communication tool in the ethnographic encounter and an unusual rite of passage: although strangers/anthropologists can only be accepted if they become Cape Verdean to some degree, in reality they are never really able to complete this passage. The essay briefly reviews irony and joking in anthropology and focuses on aspects of ironic interactions in Cape Verde that are linked to intercultural relations in the ethnographic context as a site of uncertain communication. I stress how, especially in intercultural contexts, the ambiguity of irony represents not a barrier to communication but rather a key element of understanding between anthropologists and informants as well as a significant heuristic device.

  9. A reevaluation of the late quaternary sedimentation in todos os Santos Bay (BA, Brazil

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    GUILHERME C. LESSA

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Todos os Santos Bay is a large ( 1000 km², structurally controlled tidal bay in northeast Brazil. Three main drainage basins debouch into the bay, providing a mean freshwater discharge of 200 m³/s (prior to 1985, or less than 1% of the spring tidal discharge through the bay mouth. Based on the result of several sedimentological studies performed in the 1970's, five surface sedimentary facies were identified inside the bay, namely i transgressive siliciclastic marine sand facies; ii transgressive bay sand-mud facies; iii a transgressive carbonate marine sand facies; iv regressive bay-mud facies, and v regressive fluvial sand facies. The spatial distribution of these facies would follow, somewhat closely, the hydrodynamic-energy distribution inside the bay. Seismic profiles along the bay bottom indicate the existence of several paleochannels, 5-10 m deep, blanketed at least by three different sedimentary units. The topmost sedimentary unit, 5-20 m thick, appears to be associated with the regressive bay-mud facies, and assuming that it was laid down within the last 5000 years, sedimentation rates for the central and northeastern part of the bay would average at 2,4 mm/y.

  10. The Relationship between Mollusks and Oxygen Concentrations in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gabriel Kuk-Dzul

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the relationship between mollusks, physicochemical properties of seawater, and sediments under natural conditions of low impact. Thirty-nine stations were sampled in October 1994 using a Van Veen grab (0.1 m−2. Temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen (DO concentrations of bottom water were obtained with a CTD. Organic matter content and sediment grain analysis were determined. A total of 836 mollusks were collected. Gastropoda was the most abundant (52% and diverse class with 27 genera, followed by Bivalvia with eight genera and Scaphopoda with only one genus. According to CCA analysis, dominant mollusks were significantly related with high DO concentrations. Donax, Natica, Acteocina, Bulla, Anachis, Odostomia, and Crucibulum can be classified as sensitive genera because they were found mainly in high oxygen concentrations (3.1–5.6 mL L−1; on the other hand, Cardiomya, Nuculana, Laevicardium, Chione, Truncatella, and Dentalium can be classified as tolerant genera (1.0–5.6 mL L−1. Todos Santos Bay hosts a diverse malacological fauna (36 genera; our results show that the dominant genera were mainly related to high dissolved oxygen concentrations. Mollusks can be a useful tool in environmental monitoring programs related with oxygen depletion in coastal areas.

  11. Conceptions of health, illness and treatment of patients who use homeopathy in Santos, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patriani Justo, C M; Dé Andrea Gomes, Mara H

    2008-01-01

    To investigate the conceptions of health and illness, the reasons for seeking homeopathy and continuing treatment, compliance and the meaning of the relationship between religiosity and health for patients who adhere to homeopathy. A qualitative study of 20 adult patients in Santos (Brazil) treated by homeopaths in the public and private sector for at least 2 years. Semi-structured interviews, organized by predefined thematic categories, the content of the interviews was analyzed. The conceptions of health and illness of the interviewed patients are related to the idea of vital balance/imbalance mediated by body-mind interaction. Dissatisfaction with conventional treatment, family influence and suggestions of others were the reasons for seeking homeopathic treatment. Patients continued homeopathic treatment due to positive therapeutic results, cure without being aggressive to the organism, the holistic integrated approach, the preventive nature of the treatment and low prices of medicine. For these patients, the availability of homeopathy in the public health sector extends the possibility of access. The need for a wider dissemination of homeopathy and the difficulties in following the prescription are the main problems involved in continuing treatment. Faith is an important component. We found a correlation between the conceptions of health and illness and the principles of homeopathy, assimilated through a strong bond between patients and the homeopathic practitioners. To investigate the beliefs, values and meanings that patients attribute to homeopathy helps to understand subjective aspects that may interfere with treatment compliance.

  12. Determinants of health in seasonal migrants: coffee harvesters in Los Santos, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loría Bolaños, Rocío; Partanen, Timo; Berrocal, Milena; Alvárez, Benjamín; Córdoba, Leonel

    2008-01-01

    In the agroexport zone of Los Santos Zone in Costa Rica, coffee is harvested by migrant labor. Most migrants are from Panama and Nicaragua. We describe migrants' housing- and service-related health determinants, with analyses of ethnicity, nationality and geography. We used interviews, observation-based assessments, and the Geographic Information System to assess a population of 8,783 seasonal migrants and 1,099 temporary dwellings at a total of 520 farms during 2004-2005. We identified determinants of poor health including widespread deficiencies in the quality of grower-provided dwellings, geographical isolation, crowding, lack of radio and television, and deficient toilets and cooking facilities. The indigenous and non-Costa Ricans shared the poorest conditions. Reluctance to use mainstream public health services was widespread, especially among foreign and indigenous migrants and the geographically isolated. Post-study, researchers organized workshops for audiences including workers, coffee producers, public officials and service providers. Topics have included migration, preventive health and hygiene, and child labor. This work was successful in convincing Costa Rican social security authorities to implement reforms that improve access to and quality of health care for the migrants. Special projects on ergonomics, psychosocial health hazards, and water quality, as well as a literacy program, are ongoing.

  13. Intestinal parasites in a quilombola community of the Northern State of Espírito Santo, Brazil Parasitos intestinais em comunidade quilombola do Norte do Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Schayra Minine Damazio

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of intestinal parasites in a quilombola community from the northern Espírito Santo, Brazil. Descendants of slaves who arrived in Brazil in the sixteenth century, this population settled in the municipality of São Mateus in 1858. Fresh fecal samples from 82 individuals who agreed to participate in the study were collected between August 2009 and July 2010, and immediately sent to the Clinical Laboratory of the Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo for analysis. Out of all the participants, 36 (43.9% were male and 46 (56.1% were female, whose ages ranged from six to 85 years. The study of the occurrence of intestinal parasites indicated that 35 individuals (42.7% were infected with at least one intestinal parasite. Among helminths, the most frequent were hookworms, with a rate of 14.6%. With regard to protozoa, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar and Endolimax nana stood out, with frequencies of 23.2%, 8.5% and 4.9%, respectively. The occurrence of biparasitism was observed in 13 of the 82 subjects, accounting for 15.8%, and no cases of multiple parasitic infections were observed. It was concluded that the reduction of cases of intestinal diseases due to parasites will only be achieved with the improvement of basic sanitation and quality of life of quilombola populations.O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a ocorrência de parasitos intestinais em população quilombola do Norte do Espírito Santo. Descendentes de escravos que chegaram ao Brasil a partir do século XVI, essa população estabeleceu-se no município de São Mateus no ano de 1858. Entre agosto de 2009 e julho de 2010, amostras fecais de 82 indivíduos que aceitaram participar do trabalho foram coletadas, a fresco, e, imediatamente, encaminhadas ao Laboratório de Análises Clínicas do Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo da

  14. Utilização dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS na cidade de Santos, São Paulo, Brasil Utilization of community mental health services in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A fim de descrever a clientela atendida nos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS da Cidade de Santos foi realizado um censo de pacientes atendidos nos CAPS no período 1º de junho de 2001 a 30 de junho de 2001. O primeiro contato do paciente com o serviço foi registrado e seus dados foram preenchidos em ficha padronizada utilizando o prontuário médico como fonte de informação. Foram atendidos 1.673 usuários, com idade média de 46 anos, mulheres (59,0%, morando com a família (78,0% e tempo médio de três anos em tratamento no serviço. Atenderam 38,0% de esquizofrênicos, esquizotípicos e delirantes, 31,0% com transtorno de humor e 17,0% de neuróticos, nas modalidades de ambulatório médico-psiquiátrico (81,0%, individual (23,0%, grupal (13,0% e reabilitação psicossocial (4,3%. Os CAPS de Santos atendem todas as categorias de transtornos mentais, sendo os mais freqüentes aqueles considerados mais graves, o que é esperado para este tipo de serviço. O modelo de tratamento oferecido tem características ambulatorial e médico-psiquiátrica.To report on the clientele treated at community mental health services (CAPS in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil, a census was conducted of the patients examined at the services from June 1, 2001, to June 30, 2001. The patient's initial contact with the service was registered, and data were recorded on a standardized form, using the medical case history as a source of information. Among the 1,673 patients, average age was 46 years, 59.0% were female, 58.0% lived with their families, and mean duration of treatment was three years. Some 38.0% were schizophrenic, schizotypical, or in acute delusional states, 31.0% presented mood disorders, and 17.0% were neurotic. Treatment modalities included out-patient psychiatric (81.0%, individual (23.0%, group (13.0%, and psychosocial rehabilitation (4.3%. In Santos, CAPS treat all categories of mental disorders (and frequently those considered the

  15. Summertime thermohaline structure off the Brazil Current Region between Santos (SP and Rio de Janeiro (RJ

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    Edmo José Dias Campos

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the scope of the MAR-14 Project, part of the Brazil-Germany Bilateral Agreement in Marine Sciences, an oceanographic survey aboard the R/V Victor Hensen was carried out in Brazilian coastal waters between Santos (23º56'S and Rio de Janeiro (22º54'S, from January 15 to January 22,1991. In this article we report results of preliminary analyses of the hydrographic data collected with CTD, STD, Nansen bottles and XBT's. These preliminary results show intense stratification in the first 200 m depth, and the penetration of the Brazil Current deep into the continental shelf region. Two eddy-like features were detected. The first one, anticyclonic, was located in the northern part of the domain and confined to the uppermost 200 m. The second, a cyclonic vortex, was found a little to the southwest below 200 m and extending downwards to about 800 m depth. Water mass analyses based on T-S diagrams suggest that the interface between the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW and the Antarctic Intermediate Water (AIW is located at about 500 m depth. One important aspect of this study is that this was the first time a high resolution survey with a CTD probe was realized along the eastern Brasilian Coast, south of Cabo Frio.Como parte do projeto MAR-14, componente do Acordo Bilateral Brasil-Alemanha em Ciências Marinhas, uma campanha oceanógrafica a bordo do R/V Victor Hensen foi realizada em águas costeiras do Brasil entre Santos (23º56'S, de 15 a 22 de janeiro de 991. Neste artigo reportamos resultados de análises preliminares dos dados hidrográficos coletados com o auxílio de CTD, STD, garrafas de Nansen e XBT's. Esses resultados preliminares mostram uma intensa estratificação nos primeiros 200 m de profundidade, e a penetração da corrente bem adentro da região sobre a plataforma continental. Duas estruturas com características de vórtices de meso-escala foram detectadas. O primeiro, anticiclônico, estava localizado na parte norte da

  16. Oyster spat recruitment in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, using recycled materials

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    Rosebel C. Nalesso

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluated the effectiveness of four types of oyster spat collectors, made with recycled materials, in the recruitment of the mangrove oyster Crassostrea spp. at five sites in the Benevente river estuary, Anchieta District and on two islands in Piúma District, both in Espírito Santo State. The collectors were made of: 1- oyster shells, 2- PET bottles, 3- car tires and 4- tiles, all of them suspended by ropes and tied to roots of Rhizophora mangle or mussel long-lines. The number of spat recruited on each collector and their shell lengths were registered bimonthly, as well as the physico-chemical-trophic parameters of the water: salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, particulate organic matter and chlorophyll a, which were correlated (by Spearman's correlation with the number of spat recruited. Spat settlement was significantly higher on oyster shell, tile and tire collectors, mainly at points with higher salinities, such as Praia do Coqueiro in Anchieta and on Meio and Cabrito Islands in Piúma (Kruskal-Wallis: H= 10.01; 3 d.f.; p 0.05. The number of oyster spat was positively correlated with the salinity (ρs= 0.331; p Este trabalho avaliou a eficiência de quatro tipos de coletores de sementes no recrutamento de ostras Crassostrea sp., em cinco pontos do estuário do Rio Benevente, município de Anchieta, e em duas ilhas no município de Piúma, estado do Espírito Santo. Foram utilizados quatro tipos de coletores: 1-conchas de ostras, 2- garrafas PET, 3-tiras de pneu e 4- telhas, todos suspensos por cordas e amarrados em rizóforos de Rhizophora mangle ou em "long-lines" de mexilhões. Bimensalmente, as sementes recrutadas foram contadas e medidas quanto à altura, determinando-se os parâmetros físico-químicos-tróficos da água: salinidade, temperatura, oxigênio dissolvido, matéria orgânica particulada e clorofila-a, que foram correlacionados com o número de sementes nos coletores (através de correlações de Spearman

  17. Sexo, gênero e homossexualidade: o que diz o povo-de-santo paulista?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Silva dos Santos

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo "O candomblé aceita o homossexualismo porque é uma religião que não tem pecado. Não interessa se você seja homem, mulher ou gay. Não importa a opção sexual. (... Você pode ver. É uma religião de homossexuais". É assim que um filho-de-santo responde a uma pergunta sobre a notável presença de homossexuais iniciados na religião dos orixás. Se comparadas a outras denominações hostis e indiferentes às orientações não-heterossexuais, o candomblé e outras devoções afro-brasileiras são, de fato, mais tolerantes à participação de homossexuais, permitindo-lhes ocupar todos os postos previstos na hierarquia ritual. Embora estejam entre as expressões religiosas que menos discriminam o indivíduo por razões de preferência sexual, percebemos por meio da literatura especializada e de uma pesquisa de campo, realizada na região metropolitana de São Paulo, que os candomblecistas também empregam em seus discursos argumentos ou narrativas míticas, certos princípios e valores seculares articulados à moralidade cristã e que dão sustentação à hierarquia de sexo/gênero - conforme alguns sacerdotes, as categorias homem/mulher e masculino/feminino devem corresponder às expectativas sociais esperadas para cada ser sexuado. Em virtude disso, tratar de homossexualidade nas comunidades-terreiro, ao contrário do que possa parecer, é um tema delicado, restrito e rodeado de tabus. Palavras-chave: Candomblé; Gênero; Sexualidade; Homossexualidade. Abstract "Candomblé accepts homosexualism because it is a religion where sin does not exist. It does not matter whether you are a man, a woman or gay. Your sexual choice does not matter. [...] You can see it. It is a religion of homosexuals." This is how a filho-de-santo answers a question about the remarkable presence of homosexuals initiated into the orixás' religion. If compared to other denominations, hostile or indifferent to nonheterosexual orientations, candomblé and

  18. Capture fishery in northern Todos os Santos Bay, tropical southwestern Atlantic, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Satiko Hashimoto Soares

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Information on marine and estuarine capture fishery activity in northern Todos os Santos Bay, northeastern Brazil, based on daily data collected between September 2003 and June 2005 is presented. Small-scale artisanal fishery in this area includes the use of traditional vessels both nonmotorized and motorized for locomotion, being carried out mainly by canoe or on foot, and involves many different kinds of gear, including gillnet, hook and line, seine nets, and traps. A total of 113 taxa were grouped into 77 resources, including 88 fish, 10 crustaceans, and 15 mollusks. Data on nominal catches of fish, crustaceans and mollusks are presented by month and location. A total of 345.2 tonnes of fishery resources were produced (285.4 tonnes of fish, 39.2 tonnes of fresh invertebrates, and 20.6 tonnes of processed invertebrates. Temporal variation in the fish catch was associated with the life cycle of the species or with the hydrographic conditions. The first-sale value of this catch amounted to around US$ 615,000.00, fishes representing 71.3% of it. A table of the average price of each fishery resource is presented. The results produced in this study may be considered a reference for future monitoring programs of fishery resources in the area.Informações sobre a atividade pesqueira extrativa da região norte da Baía de Todos os Santos, Bahia, nordeste do Brasil são apresentadas, baseadas em coleta diária de dados, realizada entre setembro de 2003 e junho de 2005. Trata-se de uma atividade extrativa artesanal, na qual são utilizadas embarcações tradicionais para o deslocamento ao local da extração. Em cada pescaria foram utilizadas várias artes, tais como rede de espera, linha e anzol, rede de cerco, armadilhas. Foram identificadas 113 categorias taxonômicas de peixes (88, crustáceos (10 e moluscos (15, arranjadas em 77 tipos de pescados comercializados. A produção total no período foi de 345,2 t (285.4 t de peixes, 39,2 t de

  19. Canticum Novum: música sem palavras e palavras sem som no pensamento de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Mammì

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available NO De Magistro, Santo Agostinho coloca a reza e o canto numa posição similar, à margem das funções imediatamente comunicativas da linguagem. A reflexão agostiniana sobre a reza se baseia nos hábitos cristãos da leitura, da oração e da meditação silenciosas. Há sobre o canto, na prática igualmente inovadora do jubilus, melodia sem palavra destinada aos momentos mais intensos e gaudiosos da liturgia. A oração silenciosa e o jubilus são temas recorrentes da literatura patrística, mas Agostinho os aborda de maneira original, desenhando, a partir das palavras sem som da oração e do som sem palavra do jubilus, o perfil de um discurso interior, que não se destina aos homens, mas a Deus.IN HIS De Magistro Saint Augustine places prayer and song on a similar level, alongside the language immediately communicative functions. His considerations on prayer are grounded on the Christian habits of silent reading, prayer and meditation; those on song, on the equally innovating practice called jubilus, which is melody without words designed for the intensest and most joyous liturgical moments. Silent prayer and jubilus are recurring topics in patristic literature, but Augustine deals with them in an original way, drawing from the soundless words of prayer and the wordless sound of jubilus an inner discourse, addressed not to men but to God.

  20. Impacto de la discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander - 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Patricia Cabrales Guzmán

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: analizar el impacto de discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander en el año 2012, desde la Teoría de los Sistemas. Metodología: Estudio transversal descriptivo. Se incluyeron 11 Personas en Situación de Discapacidad (PSD de la Vereda Los Teres. Se aplicó una encuesta mediante entrevista a las PSD o un familiar por 3 estudiantes de último año de fisioterapia. Se recolectaron variables relacionadas con el microsistema persona-famiilia, mesosistema y exosistema. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión para variables cuantitativas y frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables cualitativas. Resultados: el 45,5% de las personas no tenía nivel educativo alguno, el 81,8% se encontraba afiliada a salud, el 100% no asistía a ningún establecimiento de rehabilitación, el 81,8% refirió que el trato de la familia no ha cambiado después de adquirir la discapacidad y el 90,9% no se encontraban trabajando actualmente. En cuanto a la exclusión, el 90,9% de las PSD estaban excluidos en el ámbito de salud. Conclusión: El subsistema más afectado para las PSD de la vereda los Teres fue el exosistema y el menos afectado el microsistema persona-familia.

  1. The Hermeneutics of Hubo or Divestment for Señor Santo Niño de Cebu

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    Janvarica Acop

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study provided an in depth interpretations of the Hubo ritual forSeñor Santo Niño de Cebu. To provide this, the following objectives are raised: trace the history and ritual of the Hubo, describe the meaning of Hubo in the perspective of the church, and extrapolate the significance and graces received of the Hubo by the devotees. The study utilized descriptive-qualitative research method in the form of grounded theory through convenience sampling through interviews of devotees by means of interview questions, and data mining. The Hubo has its roots long since the acquisition of the image of Santo Niño by Queen Humamay or Juana from the Spanish, and continued by the Augustinian priests-the ritual of bathing and undressing and redressing the image was done privately up until the 1990s when the practice was made public. For the church, the Huboritual signified parental care, obedience, humility, conversion, newness, and cleansing; for the devotees, the Hubo ritual, and the attending of such, showed devotion, spiritual quenching and sustenance, understanding; this ritual also allowed for the channelling of requests and prayers, and the invocation of protection and guidance from God, and tolerated for the realization of requests and prayers. Further, for the devotees, upon attendance of the Hubo mass graced them health, safety, guidance, and success, which were truly given realization by the Holy Child or Balaang Bata as most Cebuanos dubbed Him. The Hubo ritual rested its roots in the very beginning of the Christianization of the Philippines-from the first baptism and the acquisition of the image of Santo Niño by Queen Juana, and continued by the Augustinian priests in which the ritual was done privately until the 1990s. The ritual implied parental care, obedience, humility, conversion, newness, and cleansing; the attendance of such presaged devotion, thanksgiving, understanding, request and prayer.

  2. Intestinal parasites in a quilombola community of the Northern State of Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Schayra Minine Damazio

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of intestinal parasites in a quilombola community from the northern Espírito Santo, Brazil. Descendants of slaves who arrived in Brazil in the sixteenth century, this population settled in the municipality of São Mateus in 1858. Fresh fecal samples from 82 individuals who agreed to participate in the study were collected between August 2009 and July 2010, and immediately sent to the Clinical Laboratory of the Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo for analysis. Out of all the participants, 36 (43.9% were male and 46 (56.1% were female, whose ages ranged from six to 85 years. The study of the occurrence of intestinal parasites indicated that 35 individuals (42.7% were infected with at least one intestinal parasite. Among helminths, the most frequent were hookworms, with a rate of 14.6%. With regard to protozoa, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar and Endolimax nana stood out, with frequencies of 23.2%, 8.5% and 4.9%, respectively. The occurrence of biparasitism was observed in 13 of the 82 subjects, accounting for 15.8%, and no cases of multiple parasitic infections were observed. It was concluded that the reduction of cases of intestinal diseases due to parasites will only be achieved with the improvement of basic sanitation and quality of life of quilombola populations.

  3. Evaluation of mercury contamination in sediments from Santos - Sao Vicente Estuarine system, in period of 1996 -2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hortellani, Marcos Antonio

    2003-01-01

    The distribution of mercury contamination in the Santos - Sao Vicente Estuarine System was observed through the analysis of seventy seven surface sediments samples collected in two series. In different periods and points, since the Channel of Piacaguera, the head of the system, , through the estuarine arms of Santos and Sao Vicente as far as the Bay of Santos, about 30 Km downstream, and in different mangrove areas, including industrial and harbor influence zones. The obtained values ranged from 0.03 to 1.19 μg g -1 About 90% of the samples of the first series collected among 1997-1998 and 50% of the second series collected among 1999-2000 presented levels of Hg > 0,13 μg g -1 ,limit considered by the Canadian legislation and adopted by CETESB, below which doesn't happen adverse effect in the biological community. And about 35% of samples of the first series and 11 % of the second series presented concentrations of Hg > 0.698 μg g -1 probable level of occurrence of adverse effect in the biological community. These results indicate an increase of the mercury levels caused by the industrial, port and urban activities. The mercury concentration in sediments was determined by using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, coupling with a flow injection system by a cold vapor generation, using a manual injection valve (FIA-CVAAS). The estimate of the uncertainties associated to this procedure was calculated. The following elements were also determined: Fe, Al, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cr and Co in 46 samples of the second series, by atomic absorption spectrometry. In order to verify possible relationship among all the investigated elements in the samples sediments, was carried out a statistical study, using the SPSS-8.0 software. Pearson correlation and Principal Component's analysis were used for with the objective to identify of major relationship for additional exploration of the general behavior of the data. (author)

  4. Insect galls from Atlantic Forest areas of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: characterization and occurrence

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    Valéria Cid Maia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Galhas de insetos de areas de Mata Atlântica de Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brasil: caracterização e ocorrência. Três áreas protegidas de Mata atlântica foram investigadas em  Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, de junho de 2007 a agosto de 2009: Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia, Reserva Biológica Augusto Ruschi e Parque Natural Municipal São Lourenço. A vegetação local foi examinada à procura de galhas de insetos. Foram encontrados 265 morfotipos de galhas em 141 espécies de plantas (104 gêneros e 49 famílias. Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Melastomataceae e Rubiaceae foram as famílias de planta com maior riqueza de galhas. Os gêneros super-hospedeiros foram Mikania Willd. (Asteraceae, Myrcia DC. ex. Guill. (Myrtaceae e Inga Mill. (Fabaceae. A espécie super-hospedeira foi Guapira opposita (Vell. Reitz. (Nyctaginaceae. As galhas foram encontradas em folhas, caules, botões, raízes e gavinhas. As folhas foram o órgão vegetal mais galhado, seguidas pelos caules e botões. Os indutores pertencem a quatro ordens de insetos: Diptera, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera e Thysanoptera, sendo Cecidomyiidae (Diptera os mais frequentes e diversificados galhadores. Inquilinos foram obtidos de seis morfotipos de galhas, estando representados por Cecidomyiidae and Muscomorpha. Nove species galhadoras são registradas pela primeira vez no Estado do Espírito Santo, e Cordiamyia globosa Maia, 1996 é assinalada pela primeira vez para o município de Santa Teresa. O presente estudo indica Santa Teresa (ES como a área de Mata Atlântica com maior riqueza de galhas de insetos.

  5. Population genetic analysis of cat populations from Mexico ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cra 7A No 43-82, Bogotá DC, Colombia. 2Department of ... (Amazonas) and Northern Brazilian populations are very different ..... tama, Santa Cruz, La Paz, and Santo Domingo cat popu-.

  6. Distribution of U and Th decay series and rare earth elements in sediments of Santos Basin. Correlation with industrial activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, P.S.C.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Favaro, D.I.T.

    2005-01-01

    Santos Basin, located in Southwest Brazil, is considered the most important industrial region of the country. Among the industrial activities present, phosphate fertilizer plants are responsible for the production of 69 million tons of phosphogypsum waste, which is stockpiled in the surrounding environment. This waste concentrates radionuclides of the natural series as well as rare earth elements originally present in the phosphate rock used as raw material. Environmental impact of such activities in the sediments of the estuarine system by measuring the concentration of U, Th and rare earth elements and activity concentration of radionuclides 226 Ra, 228 Ra, 228 Th and 210 Pb. (author)

  7. UM OLHAR SOBRE OS CONFLITOS NO AMBIENTE ORGANIZACIONAL: entrevista com Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha.

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    Kamille Ramos Torres

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nessa edição, a Revista Foco, por meio de Kamille Ramos Torres, traz uma entrevista com o Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha, professor associado com agregação da Universidade Fernando Pessoa em Portugal. Suas pesquisas versam sobre a Gestão de Conflitos, Negociação, Mediação, Paz, entre outros. Nessa entrevista, ele expõe sua trajetória profissional e acadêmica, e nos fornece um pouco do seu imenso conhecimento sobre a Mediação de Conflitos no ambiente organizacional.

  8. Urdimbre sobre la universidad en la mercantilización del saber: Paul Ricoeur, Jacques Derrida, Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Jorge Eliécer Martínez Posada

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo emplea la metáfora de la urdimbre para destacar los elementos constitutivos sobre la universidad que han observado Ricoeur, Derrida y De Sousa Santos. Cada uno por separado hace valiosos aportes que, en conjunto, constituyen la posibilidad de comprender esta institución en sus condiciones actuales. Por último retoma algunas ideas sobre la universidad como productora de productores en la mercantilización de la educación superior y plantea una posible línea de fuga desde el devenir Niño ante las lógicas de medición actual neoliberal.

  9. Urdimbre sobre la universidad en la mercantilización del saber: Paul Ricoeur, Jacques Derrida, Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Eliécer Martínez Posada; Constanza Abadía García; Leonardo Montenegro

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo emplea la metáfora de la urdimbre para destacar los elementos constitutivos sobre la universidad que han observado Ricoeur, Derrida y De Sousa Santos. Cada uno por separado hace valiosos aportes que, en conjunto, constituyen la posibilidad de comprender esta institución en sus condiciones actuales. Por último retoma algunas ideas sobre la universidad como productora de productores en la mercantilización de la educación superior y plantea una posible línea de fuga desde el deveni...

  10. Comparative analysis of seismic persistence of Hindu Kush nests (Afghanistan) and Los Santos (Colombia) using fractal dimension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prada, D. A.; Sanabria, M. P.; Torres, A. F.; Álvarez, M. A.; Gómez, J.

    2018-04-01

    The study of persistence in time series in seismic events in two of the most important nets such as Hindu Kush in Afghanistan and Los Santos Santander in Colombia generate great interest due to its high presence of telluric activity. The data were taken from the global seismological network. Using the Jarque-Bera test the presence of gaussian distribution was analyzed, and because the distribution in the series was asymmetric, without presence of mesocurtisity, the Hurst coefficient was calculated using the rescaled range method, with which it was found the fractal dimension associated to these time series and under what is possible to determine the persistence, antipersistence and volatility in these phenomena.

  11. Memórias sociais de juventude entre quilombolas do norte do Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    Valentim,Renata; Trindade,Zeidi Araújo; Menandro,Maria Cristina Smith

    2010-01-01

    Buscando um conjunto etário que tivesse vivido sua juventude entre as populações remanescentes de quilombos do norte do Estado do Espírito Santo e ainda na presença da Mata Atlântica, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo principal identificar as memórias sociais de juventude nessas comunidades, relacionando as representações desse passado compartilhado às mudanças ambientais e sociais que recentemente impactaram a sua região. Foram entrevistadas 11 pessoas, homens e mulheres, com idade entre 40 e...

  12. Design and skill assessment of an Operational Forecasting System for currents and sea level variability to the Santos Estuarine System - Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godoi Rezende Costa, C.; Castro, B. M.; Blumberg, A. F.; Leite, J. R. B., Sr.

    2017-12-01

    Santos City is subject to an average of 12 storm tide events per year. Such events bring coastal flooding able to threat human life and damage coastal infrastructure. Severe events have forced the interruption of ferry boat services and ship traffic through Santos Harbor, causing great impacts to Santos Port, the largest in South America, activities. Several studies have focused on the hydrodynamics of storm tide events but only a few of those studies have pursued an operational initiative to predict short term (operational forecasting system built to predict sea surface elevation and currents in the Santos Estuarine System and (ii) to evaluate model performance in simulating observed sea surface elevation. The Santos Operational Forecasting System (SOFS) hydrodynamic module is based on the Stevens Institute Estuarine and Coastal Ocean Model (sECOM). The fully automated SOFS is designed to provide up to 71 h forecast of sea surface elevations and currents every day. The system automatically collects results from global models to run the SOFS nested into another sECOM based model for the South Brazil Bight (SBB). Global forecasting results used to force both models come from Mercator Ocean, released by Copernicus Marine Service, and from the Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (BRAMS) stablished by the Center for Weather Forecasts and Climate Studies (with Portuguese acronym CPTEC). The complete routines task take about 8 hours of run time to finish. SOFS was able to hindcast a severe storm tide event that took place in Santos on August 21-22, 2016. Comparisons with observed sea level provided skills of 0.92 and maximum root mean square errors of 25 cm. The good agreement with observed data shows the potential of the designed system to predict storm tides and to support both human and assets protection.

  13. Peridomiciliary colonies of Triatoma vitticeps (Stal, 1859) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) infected with Trypanosoma cruzi in rural areas of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Claudiney Biral dos; Ferreira, Adelson Luiz; Leite, Gustavo Rocha; Ferreira, Gabriel Eduardo Melim; Rodrigues, Andressa Alencastre Fuzari; Falqueto, Aloísio

    2005-01-01

    In Brazil, the colonization of human dwellings by triatomines occurs in areas with native vegetation of the caatinga or cerrado types. In areas of Atlantic forest such as in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, there are no species adapted to live in human habitations. The few autochthonous cases of Chagas disease encountered in Espírito Santo have been attributed to adult specimens of Triatoma vitticeps that invade houses from forest remnants. In recent years, the entomology unit of the Es...

  14. Psychoactive substances and the provision of specialized care: the case of Espirito Santo Substâncias psicoativas e a provisão de cuidados especializados: o caso do Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marluce Miguel de Siqueira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In this study, we conducted a survey of all the institutions that provide treatment for psychoactive substances in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil during the period 2004-2005. METHOD: We used a snowball sampling technique to include all the treatment facilities in our State in which we employed a semi-structured interview instrument for key informants at each institution. We present descriptive results and test differences between groups using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: In Espirito Santo, 250 institutions provide treatment for psychoactive substances and are distributed as follows: governmental (17.6%, nongovernmental (22.8%, and self-help groups (59.6%. Of these 250 institutions, 85 provide direct care, with the majority found in the Central region (70.6% and followed by the Northern (15.3% and Southern (14.1% regions. The majority of those that provide direct care are private nonprofit centers (16.8% institutions with ties to religious organizations make up nearly one-third (30.6% of direct care providers. The drugs most consumed by those seeking care are alcohol (82.4%, tobacco (81.2% and marijuana (68.2%. The institutions generally give assistance to people in the 26-45 years age group (89.4%; with regard to gender, the institutions take care of: men (31.8%, women (5.9%, and both sexes (56.5%. The treatment models most used are psychosocial (58.8%, therapeutic community (47.1% and biomedical (43.5% and the work is evaluated through the team technique (72.9 %. CONCLUSIONS: In the state of Espirito Santo, indirect care services are many times greater than those that offer direct care and the majority of all services are in the Central region. The populations in the mainland have a comparative disadvantage when it comes to treatment options for psychoactive substance use. We observed that a significant number of institutions that provide drug abuse treatment have financial support from religious organizations. The Espirito

  15. Profile of users of homeopathic remedies in Santos county (SP). Perfil de los usuarios de medicamentos homeopáticos en el municipio de Santos (SP). Perfil dos usuários de medicamentos homeopáticos do município de Santos (SP).

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline dos Santos Moutinho Rodrigues; Claudia Alves Vieira Mulero; Paulo Angelo Lorandi; Suelen Fernanda Parames

    2007-01-01

    The present work aims to analyze the profile of the users of Homeopathy in two pharmacies of the city of Santos (SP). A closed questionnaire was applied to 102 users during the month of January of 2007. It was found that the Homeopathy user uses other therapeutic resources concomitantly, mainly the conventional treatment (59,7%).The safety of the homeopathic treatment was invoked as the main motivation for its use (33,1%). The user rarely seeks the pharmacist’s advice, and when he/she does it...

  16. A study of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in risk groups in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Gobetti Vieira Coelho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring the extent of and trends in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB is a priority of the Brazilian National Tuberculosis Control Programme. The current study aimed to estimate the incidence of MDR-TB, describe the profile of TB drug resistance in risk groups and examine whether screening for MDR-TB adhered to the recommended guidelines. A descriptive study that examined diagnosed cases of pulmonary TB was conducted in the city of Santos, Brazil, between 2000-2004. Of the 2,176 pulmonary TB cases studied, 671 (30.8% met the criteria for drug sensitivity testing and, of these cases, 31.7% (213/671 were tested. Among the tested cases, 9.4% were resistant to one anti-TB drug and 15% were MDR. MDR was observed in 11.6% of 86 new TB cases and 17.3% of 127 previously treated cases. The average annual incidence of MDR-TB was 1.9 per 100,000 inhabitants-years. The extent of known MDR-TB in the city of Santos is high, though likely to be underestimated. Our study therefore indicates an inadequate adherence to the guidelines for MDR-TB screening and suggests the necessity of alternative strategies of MDR-TB surveillance.

  17. Distribution of bovine fasciolosis and associated factors in south Espírito Santo, Brazil: an update

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    Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins

    Full Text Available The geographical distribution and factors associated with bovine fasciolosis in the south of Espírito Santo were updated and the prevalences of this disease and of snails of the genus Lymnaea in the municipality of Jerônimo Monteiro were calculated. In the first stage, fecal samples were collected from 10% of the herds of 115 farms in 23 municipalities and interviews were conducted with owners. Generalized linear mixed models were used. In the second stage, in Jerônimo Monteiro municipality, feces and mollusks were collected from all farms registered in the milk cooperatives in the region. The mollusks were identified and examined for infection by Fasciola hepatica. Fasciolosis was diagnosed in 18 (78% of the 23 municipalities. Of the 1157 fecal samples examined, 19.01% were positive for eggs of F. hepatica. The final model shows statistical evidence of associations between positive farms and previous cases of fasciolosis and concomitant grazing of cattle with other definitive hosts. In the evaluated farms from the studied municipality the prevalence of fasciolosis and Lymnaea was of 66.7% and 23.8%, respectively. Mollusks were found in flooded areas and the animals' drinking water troughs. The wide geographical distribution of bovine fasciolosis in the south of Espírito Santo requires control measures to prevent its expansion towards the north of this state and other places characterized as F. hepatica free-infection.

  18. Corridors of crestal and radial faults linking salt diapirs in the Espírito Santo Basin, SE Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattos, Nathalia H.; Alves, Tiago M.

    2018-03-01

    This work uses high-quality 3D seismic data to assess the geometry of fault families around salt diapirs in SE Brazil (Espírito Santo Basin). It aims at evaluating the timings of fault growth, and suggests the generation of corridors for fluid migration linking discrete salt diapirs. Three salt diapirs, one salt ridge, and five fault families were identified based on their geometry and relative locations. Displacement-length (D-x) plots, Throw-depth (T-z) data and structural maps indicate that faults consist of multiple segments that were reactivated by dip-linkage following a preferential NE-SW direction. This style of reactivation and linkage is distinct from other sectors of the Espírito Santo Basin where the preferential mode of reactivation is by upwards vertical propagation. Reactivation of faults above a Mid-Eocene unconformity is also scarce in the study area. Conversely, two halokinetic episodes dated as Cretaceous and Paleogene are interpreted below a Mid-Eocene unconformity. This work is important as it recognises the juxtaposition of permeable strata across faults as marking the generation of fault corridors linking adjacent salt structures. In such a setting, fault modelling shows that fluid will migrate towards the shallower salt structures along the fault corridors first identified in this work.

  19. Effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic-like and hopelessness in Santo Daime members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, R G; Landeira-Fernandez, J; Strassman, R J; Motta, V; Cruz, A P M

    2007-07-25

    The use of the hallucinogenic brew ayahuasca, obtained from infusing the shredded stalk of the malpighiaceous plant Banisteriopsis caapi with the leaves of other plants such as Psychotria viridis, is growing in urban centers of Europe, South and North America in the last several decades. Despite this diffusion, little is known about its effects on emotional states. The present study investigated the effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic-like and hopelessness in members of the Santo Daime, an ayahuasca-using religion. Standard questionnaires were used to evaluate state-anxiety (STAI-state), trait-anxiety (STAI-trait), panic-like (ASI-R) and hopelessness (BHS) in participants that ingested ayahuasca for at least 10 consecutive years. The study was done in the Santo Daime church, where the questionnaires were administered 1h after the ingestion of the brew, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled procedure. While under the acute effects of ayahuasca, participants scored lower on the scales for panic and hopelessness related states. Ayahuasca ingestion did not modify state- or trait-anxiety. The results are discussed in terms of the possible use of ayahuasca in alleviating signs of hopelessness and panic-like related symptoms.

  20. Youth map of the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil: an instrument to read social inequalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonekura, Tatiana; Soares, Cássia Baldini; Minuci, Elaine Garcia; Campos, Célia Maria Sivalli; Trapé, Carla Andrea

    2010-02-01

    To analyze social inequalities in young adults living in an urban area by mapping sociodemographic and economic data. Using data from the 2000 Demographic Census, 57 sociodemographic and economic variables of young adults aged from 15 to 24 years, living in the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil, were distributed among 43 areas of statistical data, corresponding to a division of the region into smaller districts. Data from the year 2000 were collected from the Santo André City Hall Department of Socioeconomic Indicators. Using factorial analysis, 13 variables were grouped in two factors - working conditions and life conditions, which distinguished areas that were similar to one another statistically. Cluster analysis of areas was performed, resulting in four social groups. The area that concentrated young adults with higher access to wealth was classified as central and that including individuals with lower access to wealth was classified as peripheral. Two intermediate areas could be identified, one closer to the highest access to wealth ('almost central') and another close to the lowest access to wealth ('almost peripheral'). Discriminating variables were associated with work, migration, level of education, fertility, adolescent's position in the household, presence of spouse or partner, living conditions and assets owned. Differences among social groups revealed important inequalities among young adults who live, study and/or work in the city, which will contribute to the planning of public social policies aimed at these groups.

  1. Impacto sonoro do aeroporto Santos Dumont/RJ: análise e medidas de controle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José R. de Lima Neto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A poluição sonora é parte cotidiana da vida nas grandes cidades. Dentre as fontes sonoras relevantes no contexto das cidades, tais como o ruído viário, uma que oferece desafios particulares é a relacionada ao sobrevoo de aeronaves, sejam aviões comerciais, jatos particulares ou helicópteros. Por se tratar de fontes intensas de ruído e das características das suas trajetórias (extensas e acima das habitações, tanto a avaliação do incômodo gerado, como eventuais medidas de mitigação são complexas e de difícil implementação.Dessa forma, o desconforto acústico gerado nas comunidades próximas as rotas de pouso e decolagem de grandes aeroportos tornou-se alvo de grandes reclamações por parte dos moradores que tem seu conforto ameaçado, o que reforça a necessidade de enfrentar estes desafios e atacar este problema.Assim, nesse trabalho, buscamos avaliar o impacto sonoro das aeronaves que possuem como destino ou são oriundas do aeroporto Santos Dumont/RJ (SBRJ, através de simulação computacional de ruído, em uma região próxima ao aeroporto com área de aproximadamente 39 km². A partir da quantificação e determinação das áreas efetivamente afetadas pelo ruído aeronáutico, e da comparação dos valores obtidos com as normas da legislação brasileira, esse trabalho visa mapear possíveis regiões de conflito e fornecer informações que orientem possíveis medidas mitigadoras e de controle de ruído plausíveis para a realidade atual. Palavras-Chave: Acústica, Ruído aeronáutico, Impacto Sonoro de Aeroportos.

  2. Family meals and eating practices among mothers in Santos, Brazil: A population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Priscila de Morais; Lourenço, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer; Trude, Angela Cristina Bizzotto; Unsain, Ramiro Fernandez; Pereira, Patrícia Rocha; Martins, Paula Andrea; Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza

    2016-08-01

    This study investigates family meals among mothers and explores associations between eating with family and sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, and eating practices. A population-based cross-sectional study, using complex cluster-sampling, was conducted in the city of Santos, Brazil with 439 mothers. Frequency of family meals was assessed by asking if mothers did or did not usually have a) breakfast, b) lunch, and c) dinner with family. Linear regression analyses were conducted for the number of meals eaten with family per day and each of the potential explanatory variables, adjusting for the mother's age. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to analyze each factor associated with eating with family as classified categorically: a) sharing meals with family, b) not eating any meals with family. Only 16.4% (n = 72) of participants did not eat any meals with family. From the 83.6% (n = 367) of mothers that had at least one family meal per day, 69.70% (n = 306) ate dinner with their families. Mothers aged ≥40 years reported significantly fewer meals eaten with family compared to mothers aged 30-39 years (β: -0.26, p = 0.04). Having family meals was 54% more prevalent among mothers with ≥12 years of education (PR for no meals eaten with family: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.30; 0.96, p = 0.03), when compared to mothers with less than nine years of education. Eating no meals with family was 85% more prevalent among mothers who reported that eating was one of the biggest pleasures in their lives (PR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.21; 2.82, p = 0.004). We suggest the need for further research investigating the effects of family meals on mothers' health through nutritional and phenomenological approaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Characterization of the lead smelter slag in Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrade Lima, L.R.P. de; Bernardez, L.A.

    2011-01-01

    For 33 years, a primary lead smelter operated in Santo Amaro (Brazil). Since the 1970s, large amounts of Pb and Cd have been widely documented in the blood and hair of people living near the smelter. The plant closed down in 1993, and several years later, the Pb levels in the blood of children under 4 years of age living near the smelter were high, where the disposed lead slag was suspected to be the main source of this contamination. The objective of this study is to elucidate the source of the Pb contamination and any other potentially toxic contamination, focusing on the characterization of the slag. The samples used for this characterization study were taken from the slag heaps. The results of the chemical analysis showed that the major constituents of the slag, in decreasing order of wt%, were the following: Fe 2 O 3 (28.10), CaO (23.11), SiO 2 (21.39), ZnO (9.47), MgO (5.44), PbO (4.06), Al 2 O 3 (3.56), C (2.26), MnO (1.44), Na 2 O (0.27), S (0.37), K 2 O (0.26), and TiO 2 (0.25). The Cd content of the slag was 57.3 mg/kg, which is relatively low. The X-ray diffraction and the electron probe microanalyzer X-ray mapping indicated that the major phases in the slag were wuestite, olivine, kirschsteinite, and franklinite. Only spheroidal metallic Pb was found in the slag. The leaching study showed that the slag was stable at a pH greater than 2.8, and only in an extremely acidic environment was the solubilization of the Pb enhanced significantly. The solubilization of Zn was very limited in the acidic and alkaline environments. These results can be explained by the limited leachability of the metallic Pb and Zn-bearing compounds. The leaching study used TCLP, SPLP, and SWEP and indicated that the lead slag was stable in weak acidic environments for short contact times.

  4. Characterization of the lead smelter slag in Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade Lima, L.R.P. de, E-mail: lelo@ufba.br [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Federal University of Bahia, C.P. 6974, Salvador, BA 41810-971 (Brazil); Bernardez, L.A. [Ingenium Consultoria em Engenharia Ltda (Brazil)

    2011-05-30

    For 33 years, a primary lead smelter operated in Santo Amaro (Brazil). Since the 1970s, large amounts of Pb and Cd have been widely documented in the blood and hair of people living near the smelter. The plant closed down in 1993, and several years later, the Pb levels in the blood of children under 4 years of age living near the smelter were high, where the disposed lead slag was suspected to be the main source of this contamination. The objective of this study is to elucidate the source of the Pb contamination and any other potentially toxic contamination, focusing on the characterization of the slag. The samples used for this characterization study were taken from the slag heaps. The results of the chemical analysis showed that the major constituents of the slag, in decreasing order of wt%, were the following: Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (28.10), CaO (23.11), SiO{sub 2} (21.39), ZnO (9.47), MgO (5.44), PbO (4.06), Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (3.56), C (2.26), MnO (1.44), Na{sub 2}O (0.27), S (0.37), K{sub 2}O (0.26), and TiO{sub 2} (0.25). The Cd content of the slag was 57.3 mg/kg, which is relatively low. The X-ray diffraction and the electron probe microanalyzer X-ray mapping indicated that the major phases in the slag were wuestite, olivine, kirschsteinite, and franklinite. Only spheroidal metallic Pb was found in the slag. The leaching study showed that the slag was stable at a pH greater than 2.8, and only in an extremely acidic environment was the solubilization of the Pb enhanced significantly. The solubilization of Zn was very limited in the acidic and alkaline environments. These results can be explained by the limited leachability of the metallic Pb and Zn-bearing compounds. The leaching study used TCLP, SPLP, and SWEP and indicated that the lead slag was stable in weak acidic environments for short contact times.

  5. Circulation and salt intrusion in the Piaçaguera Channel, Santos (SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Bruner de Miranda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of thermohaline properties and currents sampled at an anchor station in the Piaçaguera Channel (Santos Estuary in the austral winter was made in terms of tidal (neap and spring tidal cycles and non-tidal conditions, with the objective to characterize the stratification, circulation and salt transport due to the fortnightly tidal modulation. Classical methods of observational data analysis of hourly and nearly synoptic observations and analytical simulations of nearly steady-state salinity and longitudinal velocity profiles were used. During the neap tidal cycle the flood (v0 velocities varied in the range of -0.20 m/s to 0.30 m/s associated with a small salinity variation from surface to bottom (26.4 psu to 30.7 psu. In the spring tidal cycle the velocities increased and varied in the range of -0.40 m/s to 0.45 m/s, but the salinity stratification remained almost unaltered. The steady-state salinity and velocity profiles simulated with an analytical model presented good agreement (Skill near 1.0, in comparison with the observational profiles. During the transitional fortnightly tidal modulation period there was no changes in the channel classification (type 2a - partially mixed and weakly stratified, because the potential energy rate was to low to enhance the halocline erosion. These results, associated with the high water column vertical stability (RiL >20 and the low estuarine Richardson number (RiE=1.6, lead to the conclusions: i the driving mechanism for the estuary circulation and mixing was mainly balanced by the fresh water discharge and the tidal forcing associated with the baroclinic component of the gradient pressure force; ii there was no changes in the thermohaline and circulation characteristics due to the forthnigtly tidal modulation; and iii the nearly steady-state of the vertical salinity and velocity profiles were well simulated with a theoretical classical analytical model.A análise de dados termohalinos e correntes

  6. Petroleum generation 3D modeling of Espirito Santo Basin, Brazil; Modelagem 3D da geracao de petroleo na Bacia do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Daniella A.; Lemgruber, Adriana; Goncalves, Felix T.T. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. de Modelagem Multidisciplinar de Bacias Sedimentares (LAB2M); Petersohn, Eliane [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Intervals of potential source rocks were identified and characterized by the analysis and interpretation of total organic carbon (TOC) and Rock-Eval pyrolysis data. The rift section presents the best conditions for hydrocarbon generation, especially in Mariricu formation, that presents high TOC, hydrogen index and type I Kerogen. The drift section possesses low source rock potential, the intervals with best organic matter characteristic (quantity and quality) are represented by thin packages positioned in the superior portion of Regencia and Sao Mateus formation and in the basis of Urucutuca formation. The geochemistry data was integrated, on a regional scale, into the thermal maturation and petroleum generation three-dimensional model. Four potentially source rock intervals were simulated, two in the pre-salt section and two in the post-salt section. The results point out that the pre-salt intervals have reached thermal maturity in the proximal shelf and were overmatured in deep water. The thermal evolution obtained for the post-salt zone was very similar to those obtained for the rift section (pre-salt section). (author)

  7. Evaluation of mercury contamination in sediments from Santos - Sao Vicente Estuarine system, in period of 1996 -2000; Avaliacao da contaminacao por mercurio dos sedimentos do Estuario Santos - Sao Vicente, no periodo de 1996-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hortellani, Marcos Antonio

    2003-07-01

    The distribution of mercury contamination in the Santos - Sao Vicente Estuarine System was observed through the analysis of seventy seven surface sediments samples collected in two series. In different periods and points, since the Channel of Piacaguera, the head of the system, , through the estuarine arms of Santos and Sao Vicente as far as the Bay of Santos, about 30 Km downstream, and in different mangrove areas, including industrial and harbor influence zones. The obtained values ranged from 0.03 to 1.19 {mu}g g {sup -1} About 90% of the samples of the first series collected among 1997-1998 and 50% of the second series collected among 1999-2000 presented levels of Hg > 0,13 {mu}g g {sup -1} ,limit considered by the Canadian legislation and adopted by CETESB, below which doesn't happen adverse effect in the biological community. And about 35% of samples of the first series and 11 % of the second series presented concentrations of Hg > 0.698 {mu}g g {sup -1} probable level of occurrence of adverse effect in the biological community. These results indicate an increase of the mercury levels caused by the industrial, port and urban activities. The mercury concentration in sediments was determined by using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, coupling with a flow injection system by a cold vapor generation, using a manual injection valve (FIA-CVAAS). The estimate of the uncertainties associated to this procedure was calculated. The following elements were also determined: Fe, Al, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cr and Co in 46 samples of the second series, by atomic absorption spectrometry. In order to verify possible relationship among all the investigated elements in the samples sediments, was carried out a statistical study, using the SPSS-8.0 software. Pearson correlation and Principal Component's analysis were used for with the objective to identify of major relationship for additional exploration of the general behavior of the data. (author)

  8. Peridomiciliary colonies of Triatoma vitticeps (Stal, 1859 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae infected with Trypanosoma cruzi in rural areas of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiney Biral dos Santos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, the colonization of human dwellings by triatomines occurs in areas with native vegetation of the caatinga or cerrado types. In areas of Atlantic forest such as in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, there are no species adapted to live in human habitations. The few autochthonous cases of Chagas disease encountered in Espírito Santo have been attributed to adult specimens of Triatoma vitticeps that invade houses from forest remnants. In recent years, the entomology unit of the Espírito Santo State Health Secretariat has recorded nymphs infected with flagellates similar to Trypanosoma cruzi in rural localities. Entomological surveys were carried out in the residences and outbuildings in which the insects were found, and serological examinations for Chagas disease performed on the inhabitants. Four colonies were found, all associated with nests of opossums (Didelphis aurita, 111 specimens of T. vitticeps, and 159 eggs being collected. All the triatomines presented flagellates in their frass. Mice inoculated with the faeces presented trypomastigotes in the circulating blood and groups of amastigotes in the cardiac muscle fibres. Serological tests performed on the inhabitants were negative for T. cruzi. Even with the intense devastation of the forest in Espírito Santo, there are no indications of change in the sylvatic habits of T. vitticeps. Colonies of this insect associated with opossum nests would indicate an expansion of the sylvatic environment into the peridomicile.

  9. First phylogenetic analysis of dengue virus serotype 4 circulating in Espírito Santo state, Brazil, in 2013 and 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicente, C R; Pannuti, C S; Urbano, P R; Felix, A C; Cerutti Junior, C; Herbinger, K-H; Fröschl, G; Romano, C M

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to reconstruct the phylogeny of dengue virus serotype 4 (DENV-4) that was circulating in Espírito Santo state, Brazil, in 2013 and 2014, and to discuss the epidemiological implications associated with this evolutionary hypothesis. Partial envelope gene of eight DENV-4 samples from Espírito Santo state were sequenced and aligned with 72 worldwide DENV-4 reference sequences from GenBank. A phylogenetic tree was reconstructed through Bayesian Inference and the Time of the Most Recent Common Ancestor was estimated. The study detected the circulation of DENV-4 genotype II in Espírito Santo state, which was closely related to strains from the states of Mato Grosso collected in 2012 and of São Paulo sampled in 2015. This cluster emerged around 2011, approximately 4 years after the entry of the genotype II in Brazil through its northern states, possibly imported from Venezuela and Colombia. This is so far the first phylogenetic study of the DENV-4 circulating in Espírito Santo state and shows the importance of an internal route of dengue viral circulation in Brazil to the introduction of the virus into this state.

  10. O bosque de mangues e a pesca artesanal no Distrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Bahia: uma abordagem etnoecológica = The mangrove forest and artisan fishing in the Acupe District (Santo Amaro, Bahia State, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Bezerra Souto

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Os manguezais são ecossistemas que apresentam alta biomassa e concentração de biodiversidade. Estas características favorecem a utilização por muitas populações que vivem tradicionalmente da mariscagem e da pesca artesanal, como é o caso da que habita oDistrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Estado da Brahia, situado na margem oeste da Baía de Todos os Santos. Além dos recursos pesqueiros, a população também faz uso da vegetação do manguezal, conhecida localmente como “mangue”. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo abordar conhecimentos de pescadores e marisqueiras sobre o bosque de mangues, bem como seus usos à luz da etnoecologia abrangente de Marques (1995. Foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas buscando-se registrar os conhecimentos e comportamentosenvolvidos na utilização dos mangues. Os resultados foram analisados em uma óptica emicista/eticista, comparando-se os conhecimentos locais com aqueles disponíveis na literatura científica e correlacionando-se os comportamentos observados com suas possíveisimplicações ambientais. Os dados obtidos revelaram um corpo de conhecimentos possuído pelos entrevistados sobre a vegetação do manguezal, incluindo classificação, ecologia trófica,fenologia e ecozoneamento e percepção ecossistêmica, por vezes compatíveis com os conhecimentos acadêmicos. Interações da comunidade pesqueira com o componente vegetal revelaram formas de percepção e de utilização de recursos fortemente associadas à cultura local e com implicações etnoconservacionistas.Mangrove ecosystems feature a high biomass and biodiversity concentration. High productivity supports the exploitation by manytraditional populations that survive on shellfish catching and artisan fishing, such as those living in the Acupe District, located in Santo Amaro, in the west coast of the Todos os Santos Bay (BahiaState, Northeastern Brazil. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the native knowledges

  11. Estimate the potential production of electricity: a case study of the sanitary landfill of Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Estimativa do potencial de producao de eletricidade: estudo de caso do aterro sanitario de Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Elissando Rocha da; Moreira, Joao M. L.; Candiani, Giovano [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (IFSP), SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The recovery of the biogas generated from sanitary landfills, associated to its energetic use has been widely discussed. Thus, this paper aims to estimate the potential production of electric energy from sanitary landfill Santo Andre-SP. The biogas production was estimated using the rate of deposition of solid wastes in the landfill, using some mathematical models with parameters suggested by two models: LanGEM-USEPA (conventional landfill) and Word Bank. These results indicate that the potential of biogas production will be approximately 11 x 10{sup 6} Kg of methane/year in 2017 and production of electric energy in that year will be approximately 32,000 MWh, considering an of 75% over collection of biogas. (author)

  12. Kinematic reconstitution and tectono-sedimentation associated to salt domes in deep water of Santos basin, Brazil; Reconstituicao cinematica e tectono-sedimentacao associada a domos salinos nas aguas profundas da bacia de Santos, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldas, Manuela Fernandes [PETROBRAS E e P - Exploracao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Polo Centro], E-mail: manuela.caldas@petrobras.com.br; Zalan, Pedro Victor [PETROBRAS E e P - Exploracao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Gestao de Projetos Exploratorios], E-mail: zalan@petrobras.com.br

    2009-05-15

    This article presents new methods for structural restoration and kinematic evolution of salt domes during the opening stages and growth of a passive margin in the Santos Basin. The traditional method or restoration of salt bodies uses software and a 3D database. Using 2D seismic data and adapting/improving methods published in the oil industry literature, we developed a method based on the observation of the stratal geometric patterns of sedimentary packages associated to the salt bodies such as tabular forms (straight parallel reflectors, pre or post-tectonic sedimentary sequences), or dish/bowl forms (with very distinct depocenters and thinned margins with fanning of dips, syntectonic/halokinetic sedimentary sequences), and on the determination/mapping of growth axes and thinning axes in halokinetic strata. Horizontal and vertical reconstitutions of the salt flow (inflation, deflation and horizontal flow) were deduced based on isochron (isopach maps in time) and axes maps and flattened seismic sections at the time of deposition of each associated sedimentary sequence. The resulting maps and reconstitutions presented an amazing correlation with the current patterns mapped in the study area. The interpreted tectonic phases of halokinetic evolution, deduced from the produced maps and reconstitutions, showed a good agreement with the regional events that affected the Santos Basin and adjoining basement. Based on those results, we believe that the application of this method provides an important contribution for the oil exploration industry, considering that it presents outstanding results based on 2D seismic data. It allows an understanding of the structural and kinematic evolution of the salt bodies and of the halokinetic sequences associated, with important implications on the modeling of petroleum systems, thus, reducing the risk of exploration prospects. (author)

  13. Estrutura fitossociológica da vegetação arbórea do Parque Natural Municipal de Santo Ângelo, Santo Ângelo, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Hüller

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi realizado no Parque Natural Municipal de Santo Ângelo (RS, pertencente à Prefeitura Municipal de Santo Ângelo, com o objetivo de avaliar a composição florística e estrutura fitossociológica da floresta, em uma área de 13 hectares. Para tanto, foram utilizadas 12 parcelas de tamanho 10 x 20 m distribuídas sistematicamente na área, nas quais foram medidos e identificados todos os indivíduos com DAP maior ou igual a 10 cm. Os resultados obtidos foram analisados e processados com o uso do programa FITOANÁLISE, calculando-se os parâmetros fitossociológicos de densidade, dominância, frequência, valor de importância, valor de cobertura, índice de diversidade de Shannon H' e índice de Morisita. Foram encontradas 35 espécies, pertencentes a 30 gêneros e 21 famílias, das quais branquilho (Sebastiania commersoniana (Baill. L. B. Sm. & Downs, açoita-cavalo (Luhea divaricata Mart, maria-preta (Diatenopterix sorbifolia Radlk e canela-preta (Nectandra megapotamica Spreng. foram as que apresentaram maior representatividade nos parâmetros fitossociológicos do componente arbóreo desta floresta. As espécies com maior Valor de Importância (VI foram açoita-cavalo (Luhea divaricata Mart com 50,53; branquilho (Sebastiania commersoniana (Baill. com 46,24; maria-preta (Diatenopterix sorbifolia Radlk com 26,93; canela-preta (Nectandra megapotamica Spreng. com 20 e farinha-seca (Machaerium stipitatum Vogel com 16,64. Já na estrutura vertical da floresta, Luehea divaricata apresentou maiores valores no estrato superior e Sebastiania commersoniana Baill. nos estratos médio e inferior.

  14. Dinâmica de populações de Euglossina (Hymenoptera, Apidae em mata ciliar, Urbano Santos, Maranhão, Brasil Population dynamics of Euglossina (Hymenoptera, Apidae in riparian forest, Urbano Santos, Maranhão, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane C. de Carvalho

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Machos de Euglossina foram coletados por meio de iscas-odores de benzoato de benzila, eucaliptol, eugenol, salicilato de metila, vanilina, durante um ano em área de mata ciliar, no município de Urbano Santos, Maranhão. As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente, entre 8 h e 16 h, totalizando 96 horas de amostragem. Foram amostrados 283 indivíduos, 4 gêneros e 16 espécies. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 foi o gênero mais abundante, seguido por Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909, Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841 e Exaerete Hoffmannsegg, 1817. As espécies mais freqüentes foram Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Eulaema cingulata (Fabricius, 1804, Exaerete smaragdina (Guérin-Menéville, 1845, Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, 1841 e Euglossa gaianii Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol foi a essência mais atrativa. As maiores freqüências de visitas ocorreram no período da manhã e a maior diversidade de espécies ocorreu no período chuvoso.Males of Euglossina bees were collected in benzil benzoate, eucaliptol, eugenol, methyl salicylate and vanillin scent baits, during one year in a riparian forest area, located in the municipality of Urbano Santos, Maranhão. The collections were carried out monthly, between 8 am and 4 pm, totalling 96 hours of sampling, resulting in 283 individuals, 4 genera and 16 species. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 was the most abundant genus, followed by Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909, Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841 and Exaerete Hoffmannsegg, 1817. The most frequent species were Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Eulaema cingulata (Fabricius, 1804, Exaerete smaragdina (Guérin-Menéville, 1845, Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, 1841 and Euglossa gaianii (Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol was the most attractive chemical bait. The highest frequencies of visits were in the morning and the highest diversity of species occurred in the rainy period.

  15. Abelhas Euglossina (Hymenoptera, Apidae coletadas em uma monocultura de eucalipto circundada por Cerrado em Urbano Santos, Maranhão, Brasil Euglossina bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae collected in an eucalyptus monoculture surounded by Cerrado, Urbano Santos, MA, Brazil

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    Fernanda N. Mendes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Machos de Euglossina foram coletados por meio de iscas-odores de benzoato de benzila, eucaliptol, eugenol, salicilato de metila e vanilina em uma monocultura de eucalipto circundada por cerrado, no município de Urbanos Santos, Maranhão. As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente, de abril de 2001 a abril de 2002, entre 8h e 16h, totalizando 96 horas de amostragem. Foram coletados 58 indivíduos de 3 gêneros e 10 espécies. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 foi o gênero mais abundante, seguido por Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909 e Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841. As espécies mais freqüentes foram Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Euglossa gaianii Dressler, 1982 e Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol foi a essência mais atrativa. As maiores freqüências de visitas ocorreram no período da manhã e as maiores abundâncias em setembro, no período de estiagem, e em dezembro, no período chuvoso.Males of Euglossina bees were collected in benzil benzoate, eucaliptol, eugenol, methyl salicylate and vanillin scent baits in an eucalyptus monoculture surrounded by cerrado, located in the municipality of Urbano Santos, Maranhão. The collections were carried out monthly, from April 2001 to April 2002, between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., totaling 96 hours of sampling, resulting in 58 individuals of 3 genera and 10 species. Euglossa Latreille, 1802 was the most abundant genus, followed by Eufriesea Cockerell, 1909 and Eulaema Lepeletier, 1841. The most frequent species were Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758, Euglossa gaianii Dressler, 1982 and Euglossa modestior (Dressler, 1982. Eucaliptol was the most attractive chemical bait. The highest frequencies of visits were in the morning and the highest abundance in September, in the drought period, and December, in the rainy period.

  16. ELEMENTOS SOBRE LA HISTORIA DEL CONCEPTO DE DESARROLLO SEGÚN LOS ECONOMISTAS THEOTONIO DOS SANTOS Y GILBERT RIST

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    Francisco Javier Criollo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como propósito presentar la percepción y las inquietudes que dos importantes pensadores económicos ofrecen a través de sus obras sobre dependencia económica y desarrollo, como punto de partida en la reflexión que se ha iniciado sobre algunos conceptos que se convierten en clave para una discusión o debate. El estudio de una de las obras de Theotonio Dos Santos y otra de Gilbert Rist sobre la temática mencionada, le deja al grupo de investigación importantes inquietudes para la construcción de un pensamiento propio y alternativo.

  17. Helminth fauna of Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758 in the south of Espírito Santo State in Brasil

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    Binoti E.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Due to an inadequate knowledge about threats to the sea turtle, we aimed to evaluate the helminth fauna of Chelonia mydas which had died on the southern coast of Espirito Santo, Brasil and described the associated tissue pathological lesions. Retrospective and prospective studies on turtle parasites were conducted and tissues samples were collected. 106 of 212 of sea turtles (50 % were parasitized, and 47 of 106 of infected animals 43.0 % (47/106 were in poor health condition. Seven trematoda families covering 19 different helminths species were identified. Turtles were inhabited with one or more species of parasites, and there was no significant association between parasitism and weakness of the animals. Trematode eggs, with or without giant cells in tissues of various organs were observed.

  18. Ant and termite mound coinhabitants in the wetlands of Santo Antonio da Patrulha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    E. Diehl

    Full Text Available This paper reports on ant and termite species inhabiting the mounds (murundus found in three wetland sites in Santo Antonio da Patrulha. Ants and termites were found in 100% of the mounds of two sites and in 20% of those in the third site. Colonies of Camponotus fastigatus were found inhabiting all the mounds, while colonies of Brachymyrmex sp., Linepithema sp., Pheidole sp., and/or Solenopsis sp. were collected in less than 30% of the mounds. In the mounds of the three sites, colonies of Anoplotermes sp. and/or Aparatermes sp. termites were found together with the ant colonies. Another cohabiting termite species, Cortaritermes sp., was found only in the mounds of one site. The results suggest that C. fastigatus is the species building the mounds, with the other species, whether ants or termites, being the inquilines.

  19. Ant and termite mound coinhabitants in the wetlands of Santo Antonio da Patrulha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehl, E; Junqueira, L K; Berti-Filho, E

    2005-08-01

    This paper reports on ant and termite species inhabiting the mounds (murundus) found in three wetland sites in Santo Antonio da Patrulha. Ants and termites were found in 100% of the mounds of two sites and in 20% of those in the third site. Colonies of Camponotus fastigatus were found inhabiting all the mounds, while colonies of Brachymyrmex sp., Linepithema sp., Pheidole sp., and/or Solenopsis sp. were collected in less than 30% of the mounds. In the mounds of the three sites, colonies of Anoplotermes sp. and/or Aparatermes sp. termites were found together with the ant colonies. Another cohabiting termite species, Cortaritermes sp., was found only in the mounds of one site. The results suggest that C. fastigatus is the species building the mounds, with the other species, whether ants or termites, being the inquilines.

  20. New records of rhodolith-forming species (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) from deep water in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriques, Maria Carolina; Villas-Boas, Alexandre; Rodriguez, Rafael Riosmena; Figueiredo, Marcia A. O.

    2012-06-01

    Little is known about the diversity of non-geniculate coralline red algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinophycidae) from deep waters in Brazil. Most surveys undertaken in this country have been carried out in shallow waters. In 1994, however, the REVIZEE program surveyed the sustainable living resources potential of the Brazilian exclusive economic zone to depths of 500 m. In the present study, the rhodolith-forming coralline algae from the continental shelf of Espírito Santo State were identified. Samples were taken from 54 to 60 m depth by dredging during ship cruises in 1997. Three rhodolith-forming species were found: Spongites yendoi (Foslie) Chamberlain , Lithothamnion muelleri Lenormand ex Rosanoff and Lithothamnion glaciale Kjellman. These records extend the distribution ranges of these species into Brazilian waters and extend the depth distribution of non-geniculate coralline red algae into Brazilian water to 58 m.

  1. Valores de referência de qualidade para metais pesados em solos no Estado do Espírito Santo

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    Henrique de Sá Paye

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Valores de referência de qualidade (VRQ para metais pesados em solos, em âmbito mundial, são bastante heterogêneos. No Brasil, poucos estudos para estabelecer esses valores foram concluídos. Na ausência de VRQ para metais pesados em solos, estabelecidos para as condições do Estado do Espírito Santo, utilizam-se valores genéricos internacionais ou desenvolvidos para outros Estados. Entretanto, deve-se ressaltar que o uso desses valores pode levar a avaliações inadequadas, já que existem diferenças nas condições técnicas e variáveis ambientais de cada região, em especial das condições geológicas, hídricas e pedológicas. Essas diferenças justificam o desenvolvimento de uma tabela própria com VRQ para metais pesados em solos, adequada às condições do Estado do Espírito Santo. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo buscou obter os teores naturais de 10 metais pesados e verificar a distribuição desses elementos nos solos das bacias hidrográficas Riacho, Reis Magos e Santa Maria da Vitória, no Estado do Espírito Santo, tendo em vista o estabelecimento de Valores de Referência de Qualidade (VRQ. Para isso, foram determinados os teores totais por ataque ácido, com digestão em forno micro-ondas, conforme o método SW-846 3052 da Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA e dosagem por espectrofotometria de emissão óptica com plasma induzido (ICP- OES. Os teores totais extraídos nos solos dessas bacias hidrográficas são relativamente baixos e inferiores aos reportados para solos de regiões brasileiras e de outros países. Os teores de cádmio ficaram abaixo do limite de detecção (LD do método para todas as amostras. Em consequência, os VRQ obtidos para 12 metais pesados no Estado do Espírito Santo foram semelhantes ou inferiores aos obtidos para outras regiões do Brasil e do mundo. Os VRQ obtidos a partir do percentil 75 (quartil superior para As (< 12,83, Cd (< 0,13, Co (10,21, Cr (54,13, Cu (5,91, Mn (137,80, Mo (1

  2. Santos, Boaventura de Sousa, Para uma revolução democrática da justiça

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    Fábio de Sá e Silva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Dentre os maiores benefícios que nós brasileiros podemos auferir da conhecida empatia que Boaventura de Sousa Santos nutre pelo país está a sua permanente disposição não só para analisar alguns dos problemas que afligem a nossa sociedade, mas também para tomar partido de lutas importantes ao fortalecimento da nossa democracia. Um exemplo notável disso ocorreu há bem pouco, quando ele esteve em Belo Horizonte para proferir uma palestra a uma platéia que não era composta por grandes nomes da ci...

  3. Working conditions, career time and education teacher health physical dimensions of the Espírito Santo

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    Mariana Pozzatti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Discusses working conditions, career time and health dimensions of 87 physical education teachers working in five municipalities of the Espirito Santo (Guarapari, Nova Venecia, Santa Teresa, Viana and Vitoria, participants of the survey from national research Teaching Work in basic education in Brazil. This is a quantitative and qualitative study of descriptive and interpretative character, which is based on the classification of cycles / phases / stages of teacher career Huberman (2007 and dialogues, especially with Santini (2004; 2005 and Almeida (2008. Concludes that the relationship between working conditions and career time, taken in isolation, does not determine the health and malaise of the teaching professional and that this process is complex, depending on a set of factors involving pedagogical issues, professional and personal.

  4. American visceral leishmaniasis dissociated from Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae) in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Israel de Souza; Santos, Claudiney Biral dos; Grimaldi, Gabriel; Ferreira, Adelson Luiz; Falqueto, Aloísio

    2010-02-01

    The occurrence of American visceral leishmaniasis in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil has always been associated with the presence of the Lutzomyia longipalpis vector. The geographic distribution of this vector in this state is related to the presence of specific geoclimatic characteristics, such as a dry climate, low elevations (longipalpis. Sand flies were captured monthly from July 2006 to August 2007 using Shannon and CDC traps in two municipalities with records of autochthonous American visceral leishmaniasis and one with no record. We captured 13,112 sand flies, but no Lu. longipalpis was found. The absence of Lu. longipalpis and the possible role of another American visceral leishmaniasis vector in these localities were discussed.

  5. Economia criativa e territórios usados: um debate baseado nas contribuições de Milton Santos

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    Lisiane Closs

    Full Text Available Resumo Este trabalho explora a literatura internacional e nacional sobre espaços criativos, destacando os aportes teóricos de Milton Santos sobre territórios e suas contribuições para o tema. Delimita-se um conceito de território criativo que incorpora uma perspectiva crítico-reflexiva de análise para os estudos nesse campo teórico e favorece uma abordagem de desenvolvimento que contemple aspectos das formações econômicas, sociais e simbólicas de um determinado espaço. Ressalta-se o potencial das discussões realizadas para auxiliar o planejamento de políticas públicas voltadas para o desenvolvimento de territórios criativos que integrem: inclusão social, sustentabilidade, inovação e diversidade cultural.

  6. Ethical proceedings against dentists in Espírito Santo for infringements to the code of dental ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos Pacheco, Karina Tonini dos; Silva Junior, Manoelito Ferreira; Meireles, Naiara Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    Just like any other profession, dentistry requires ethical and moral responsibilities that must be fulfilled, and the duty of every professional is to meet his obligations under the law. In light of the Código de Ética Odontológica (CEO-Code of Dental Ethics), this research aims to expound on the ethical violations committed by dentists in their practice, according to the ethical review process proposed by the Conselho Regional de Odontologia do Estado do Espírito Santo (CRO/ES-Regional Council of Dentistry of the State of Espírito Santo). The study is both retrospective and descriptive, using a quantitative approach. Data collection comprised all the ethical proceedings filed at the CRO/ES, between the years 2000 and 2011. Considering the 529 cases examined, the most frequent reason for infringement was illicit advertising (39.7%), followed by technical error (18.7%), irregular registration (16.8%), patient/professional relationship (11.3%) tax lien foreclosure (6.6%), professional/professional relationship (4.0%), irregular/illegal cover up practice (0.9%), consumer relations (0.8%), failure to provide care (0.6%), false certification (0.4%), and disrespect for authority and colleagues (0.2%). Most (59.2%) of the dental surgeons (DSs) involved were male, 35.5% were between 31 and 40 years of age, 85.8% had graduated over five (5) years prior, and 73.2% were general practitioners. Only 22 (4.2%) cases went to trial, resulting in 8 (36.4%) acquittals and 14 (63.6%) convictions. The most commonly applied penalties were private warning+pecuniary penalty (8 or 57.1%). It was concluded that the CEO must be followed with more discipline, and that professionals should seek information about their duties and obligations under the law, on behalf of patient welfare.

  7. An Account of the Accessioned Specimens in the Jose Vera Santos Memorial Herbarium, University of the Philippines Diliman

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    Sandra L. Yap

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The University of the Philippines Herbarium was established in 1908 and originally located in Ermita, Manila. The majority of its pre-war collections were destroyed during World War II, and no formal records of its specimens were preserved. Since then, multiple efforts to restore and improve the Herbarium have been proposed and implemented, most notably its move to the UP Diliman campus. In 1999, the Herbarium was off icially renamed as the Jose Vera Santos Memorial Herbarium after the noted grass expert, who initiated rehabilitation work in the Herbarium after the war. The Herbarium is registered with the international code PUH in the Index Herbariorum, a global directory of public herbaria managed by the New York Botanical Garden. To assess the accessioned (uniquely numbered and recorded collection of the Herbarium, an electronic database of its accessions was created.The Herbarium currently contains 14,648 accessions, 12,681 (86.6% of which were collected in the Philippines. This is comprised of 309 families, 1903 genera, and 4485 distinct species. Thirty-nine type specimens form part of the collection, only one of which is a holotype. On the basis of major plant groups, angiosperms make up 71% of the collection. Unsurprisingly, Family Poaceae has the largest number of specimens at 2,759 accessions. The earliest dated Philippine specimen was collected by E.D. Merrill in 1902, and roughly half of the total accessioned specimens were collected in the 1950s and 1970s. The two most prolif ic collectors were Santos and Leonardo L. Co, with 2,320 and 2,147 specimens, respectively. Luzon is the most well-represented island group with 2,752 specimens collected in Metro Manila alone. At present, PUH Curator James V. LaFrankie is working on the expansion of the collection and upgrading of the herbarium to encourage future educational and research activities.

  8. Ethical proceedings against dentists in Espírito Santo for infringements to the code of dental ethics

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    Karina Tonini dos Santos Pacheco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Just like any other profession, dentistry requires ethical and moral responsibilities that must be fulfilled, and the duty of every professional is to meet his obligations under the law. In light of the Código de Ética Odontológica (CEO - Code of Dental Ethics, this research aims to expound on the ethical violations committed by dentists in their practice, according to the ethical review process proposed by the Conselho Regional de Odontologia do Estado do Espírito Santo (CRO/ES - Regional Council of Dentistry of the State of Espírito Santo. The study is both retrospective and descriptive, using a quantitative approach. Data collection comprised all the ethical proceedings filed at the CRO/ES, between the years 2000 and 2011. Considering the 529 cases examined, the most frequent reason for infringement was illicit advertising (39.7%, followed by technical error (18.7%, irregular registration (16.8%, patient/professional relationship (11.3% tax lien foreclosure (6.6%, professional/professional relationship (4.0%, irregular/illegal cover up practice (0.9%, consumer relations (0.8%, failure to provide care (0.6%, false certification (0.4%, and disrespect for authority and colleagues (0.2%. Most (59.2% of the dental surgeons (DSs involved were male, 35.5% were between 31 and 40 years of age, 85.8% had graduated over five (5 years prior, and 73.2% were general practitioners. Only 22 (4.2% cases went to trial, resulting in 8 (36.4% acquittals and 14 (63.6% convictions. The most commonly applied penalties were private warning + pecuniary penalty (8 or 57.1%. It was concluded that the CEO must be followed with more discipline, and that professionals should seek information about their duties and obligations under the law, on behalf of patient welfare.

  9. Elemental detection in muscle of flatfish Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes) from Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazilian coast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rocha, Maria Luiza Chiste Flaquer da; Dias, June Ferraz; Dias, Johnny Ferraz

    2013-01-01

    Full text: Studies on the presence of elements, including metals, in organisms can prevent both degradation of aquatic systems and the bioaccumulation of elements especially those that offer risk to human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence elements in the muscle of two species of flatfish, Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Achiridae, Pleuronectiformes), using Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE). This technique is considered one of the most sensitive for detecting trace metals in biomaterials. These flatfish specimens are considered residents in Santos Bay, central coast of Sao Paulo state, and they were caught monthly throughout the year 2005 and sorted by size and maturity stage as juveniles and adults. The two species have no spatial overlap and this allows a mapping of the Santos Bay for the presence of bioavailable metals and other elements. Sampling was done in six distinct points in the Bay, under different antropic influences: two along the beaches, one in the vicinity of the out fall diffuser and three along the entrance of the bay. Results from 54 samples of muscle allowed detect the following elements: aluminium (AI), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), strontium (Sr), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). There were no correlation with the levels of sediment contamination for most metals analyzed in muscles, with the exception of copper and also no clear pattern of differential level of metals between young and adult specimens of A. Iineatus and T. paulistanus. According to the maximum tolerance values of the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria -ANVISA), fish muscle presented levels of contamination above the permitted for human consumption, mainly for some elements: mercury, in samples from the internal area; arsenic, in samples from west side and selenium, in samples from east side of the bay. (author)

  10. Elemental detection in muscle of flatfish Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes) from Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazilian coast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, Maria Luiza Chiste Flaquer da; Dias, June Ferraz [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico. Laboratorio de Ecologia Reprodutiva e do Recrutamento de Organismos Marinhos; Dias, Johnny Ferraz [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, ES (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica. Laboratorio de Implantacao Ionica

    2013-07-01

    Full text: Studies on the presence of elements, including metals, in organisms can prevent both degradation of aquatic systems and the bioaccumulation of elements especially those that offer risk to human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence elements in the muscle of two species of flatfish, Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Achiridae, Pleuronectiformes), using Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE). This technique is considered one of the most sensitive for detecting trace metals in biomaterials. These flatfish specimens are considered residents in Santos Bay, central coast of Sao Paulo state, and they were caught monthly throughout the year 2005 and sorted by size and maturity stage as juveniles and adults. The two species have no spatial overlap and this allows a mapping of the Santos Bay for the presence of bioavailable metals and other elements. Sampling was done in six distinct points in the Bay, under different antropic influences: two along the beaches, one in the vicinity of the out fall diffuser and three along the entrance of the bay. Results from 54 samples of muscle allowed detect the following elements: aluminium (AI), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), strontium (Sr), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). There were no correlation with the levels of sediment contamination for most metals analyzed in muscles, with the exception of copper and also no clear pattern of differential level of metals between young and adult specimens of A. Iineatus and T. paulistanus. According to the maximum tolerance values of the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria -ANVISA), fish muscle presented levels of contamination above the permitted for human consumption, mainly for some elements: mercury, in samples from the internal area; arsenic, in samples from west side and selenium, in samples from east side of the bay. (author)

  11. El empleo de armamento como elemento de aporte cronológico al arte rupestre postpaleolítico del Cerro de San Isidro (Domingo García, Segovia = The Use of Weapons as an Element of Chronological Contribution the Post-Paleolithic Rock Art in the Cerro...

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    Hipólito Pecci Tenrero

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La dificultad que entraña el establecimiento de una horquilla cronológica, más o menos determinada, para ubicar la estación de arte rupestre postpaleolítico de Domingo García (Segovia en una época concreta, pues hasta el momento las técnicas empleadas para el estudio de los centenares de grabados son infructuosas, ha hecho que se lleve a cabo un análisis interno de las imágenes que se exhiben portando algún tipo de arma, en busca de información que pueda arrojar luz sobre el período aproximado en que fueron esculpidas en los paneles de los afloramientos rocosos.Since it is difficult to establish a precise chronological range, in order to place in a particular period station rock art post-Paleolithic Domingo García (Segovia, Spain, and so far the techniques used to study hundreds of engravings have not borne fruit, it has made it conducted an internal analysis of the images that can carry some sort of weapon, looking for information that could shed light on the approximate period in which were carved panels rocky outcrops.

  12. Mapa das juventudes de Santo André, SP: instrumento de leitura das desigualdades sociais Mapa de las juventudes de Santo André, Sureste de Brasil: instrumento de lectura de las desigualdades sociales Youth map of the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil: an instrument to read social inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Yonekura

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as desigualdades sociais de jovens moradores em área urbana pelo mapeamento de dados sociodemográficos e econômicos. MÉTODOS: Utilizando-se dados do Censo Demográfico 2000, 57 variáveis sociodemográficas e econômicas de jovens de 15 a 24 anos do município de Santo André, SP, foram distribuídas por 43 regiões de dados estatísticos que correspondem a um recorte do território em distritos menores. Os dados foram coletados no Departamento de Indicadores Sociais e Econômicos da Prefeitura Municipal de Santo André, referentes ao ano 2000. Por meio de análise fatorial, 13 variáveis foram agrupadas em dois fatores - condições de trabalho e condições de vida, que discriminaram estatisticamente regiões semelhantes entre si. Foi realizada análise por agrupamento das regiões, resultando em quatro grupos sociais. RESULTADOS: O espaço que concentrava os jovens com mais acesso à riqueza foi classificado como central e aqueles com menos acesso, como periférico. Duas gradações intermediárias puderam ser identificadas, uma mais próxima ao extremo do acesso ("quase central" e outra mais próxima à privação ("quase periférica". As variáveis discriminantes estavam relacionadas ao trabalho, à migração, escolaridade, fecundidade, posição do jovem no domicílio, presença de cônjuge ou companheiro, condição de moradia e posse de bens. CONCLUSÕES: As diferenças entre os grupos sociais expressaram desigualdades importantes entre os jovens que vivem, estudam e/ou trabalham na cidade, o que contribuirá para o planejamento de políticas sociais públicas dirigidas a esses grupos.OBJETIVO: Analizar las desigualdades sociales de jóvenes moradores en área urbana por el mapeo de datos sociodemográficos y económicos. MÉTODOS: Utilizándose datos del Censo Demográfico 2000, 57 variables sociodemográficas y económicas de jóvenes de 15 a 24 años del municipio de Santo André, Sureste de Brasil, fueron

  13. Techno-economic and environmental analysis of a thermal treatment technology for the generation of electrical energy by municipal solid waste from the zone of Los Santos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carranza Campos, Kevin; Monge Leiva, Matias

    2014-01-01

    A technical, economic and environmental assessment is realized of a thermal treatment technology. The energetic valorization from municipal solid waste and electric power generation in the zone of Los Santos, Costa Rica, are made by the multicriteria hierarchical analysis methodology. The national and cantonal situation is examined in the integral management of municipal solid waste (GIRS), with emphasis on the cantons from the zone of Los Santos. A comparative analysis is developed among some cantons of Costa Rica that have had GIRS studies, and the zone of Los Santos to know the fraction of municipal solid waste that can be valued energetically and calorific power that present. The similarity in the characterization, composition and physico-chemical properties is determined in the study of residues between the cantons analyzed and the zone of Los Santos. The legislation relating the waste processing is analyzed, according Law 8839 for integral management of waste and laws similar to the implementation of a power generation plant. An analysis is developed for the environmental compliance of thermal treatment technologies, including aspects for control of contaminants. The main technologies of energy valorization from waste are investigated and some real cases of Latin America and the world are exposed. A thermal treatment technology of municipal solid waste is selected through a decision-making methodology to evaluate technical, environmental and economic aspects. Operation requirements and functioning of the devices that conform a power generation plant are described by municipal solid waste of the technology selected. The economic viability of the selected proposal has determined by an economic analysis, to extend on the most influential aspects developing alternative scenarios. The diagnosis of the situation of solid waste in the zone of Los Santos has specified that the cardboard, paper and plastics have been the most adequate for the thermal utilization

  14. Assessment of natural radioactivity in commercial marble and granite of Espirito Santo state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquino, Reginaldo Ribeiro de

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the concentrations of natural radionuclides 226 Ra, 232 Th and 40 K in granite and marble samples were determined, considering the main extraction mining of Espirito Santo state, southeastern Brazil. For all study sites, three samples were sealed in 100 ml high density polyethylene bottles. Each sample rested for 4 weeks to reach the secular equilibrium of 238 U and 232 Th series before measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry, and the acquired spectra were analyzed with the software WinnerGamma. The self-absorption correction was considered for all samples, using an expression and method specially developed for this purpose. The concentration of 226 Ra was determined by the weighted arithmetic mean of the concentrations of 214 Pb and 214 Bi, the concentration of 232 Th by the weighted arithmetic mean of the concentrations of 228 Ac, 212 Pb and 212 Bi and the concentration of 40 K by its single 1460 keV transition. The radium equivalent and gamma index were calculated from the activity concentrations of 226 Ra, 232 Th, and 40 K. The emanated radon was measured using an exhalation chamber and the passive detector technique, with a solid state nuclear tracks detectors (SSNTD) being exposed in NRPB/SSI-H dosimeters. During exposure, a commercial detector CR-39® and a national plastic called Durolon® were used, the last was characterized for this purpose using a technique called double exposure and sensitivity intrinsic factor. The characterized plastic was efficient for the application and the calibration factor corresponded to 1.60 ± 0.10 tracks.cm².(kBq.m -3 day) -1 in relation to the CR-39 factor, equivalent to 2.8 ± 0.2 tracks.cm².(kBq.m -3 .day) -1 . The detector showed a higher efficiency at a higher dose. The activities determined by passive detection varyed from 100 ± 10 Bq.m -3 up to 2400 ± 300 Bq.m -3 , highlighting the biggest exhalation rates for granite Ibere Mombasa. Considering the marbles, activity values varyed from 80

  15. Perfil dos consumidores de hortaliças da cidade de Santo Antônio do Descoberto - GO Profile of vegetable consumers of Santo Antônio do Descoberto town, Goiás State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Castelo Branco

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de Santo Antônio do Descoberto está localizada a 46 km de Brasília e grande parte da sua população vive abaixo da linha de pobreza. Neste trabalho, o perfil e o padrão de consumo de hortaliças na cidade foi avaliado. Setenta e três consumidores freqüentadores do Mercado Municipal e 30 de uma região periférica (Bairro do Queiroz foram entrevistados para a coleta de informações sobre hortaliças adquiridas no dia, número de indivíduos na família e renda familiar. No Mercado Municipal, 92% das famílias adquiriam hortaliças semanalmente e consumiam os produtos em no máximo três dias. Trinta e cinco por cento das famílias tinham renda que as situava baixo da linha de pobreza. Alface, tomate e batata eram os produtos mais comumente consumidos. Por outro lado, na região periférica, 86% das famílias entrevistadas estavam abaixo da linha de pobreza e apenas 44% delas adquiriam hortaliças semanalmente. Alface e cebola eram os produtos mais consumidos e nenhuma família comprava tomate, provavelmente devido ao preço elevado deste produto. O tipo e freqüência de hortaliças adquiridos são influenciados pela renda familiar, com as famílias mais pobres consumindo menos.Santo Antônio do Descoberto is located 46 km away from Brasília and the great majority of its population lives under the poverty line. In this work, vegetable consumption and consumers profile of Santo Antônio do Descoberto town were evaluated. Seventy consumers in the Municipal Market and 30 in a peripheral region ('Bairro do Queiroz' were interviewed. Information about vegetables bought in that day, number of people in the family and family income were obtained. The results showed that 92% of the families interviewed at the Municipal Market bought vegetables weekly and consumed them in nearly three days; 35% of the families were under the poverty line. Lettuce, tomato and potato were the most consumed vegetables. On the other hand, in the peripheral

  16. Caracterização da clientela atendida no Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Profile of the clients assisted at "Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada" (Applied Psychology Center of the Federal University of Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Ramos Louzada

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o perfil da clientela do Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, de acordo com as seguintes variáveis: sexo, idade, renda familiar, escolaridade, local de moradia, ocupação, motivo da consulta e forma de encaminhamento. Com base nos dados encontrados são feitas reflexões em torno da estruturação deste tipo de serviço, suas articulações com os serviços de saúde mental da rede pública e a formação de psicólogos no âmbito do Estado do Espírito Santo.This article presents the profile of the clients assisted at "Núcleo de Psicologia Aplicada" of Federal University of Espírito Santo, according to the following variables: sex, age, family income, education, place of residence, occupation, reasons for consultation and types of assistance provided. Based on data obtained, some reflections are presented in regard to the organization of this kind of service, its relations with public mental health services and the professional preparation of psychologists in the state of Espírito Santo.

  17. Los principios del método teológico de Santo Tomás a partir de la noción de sacra doctrina

    OpenAIRE

    Scarabino, Juan Lisandro

    2012-01-01

    Con el presente artículo queremos señalar los principios del método teológico de Santo Tomás. Dicho objetivo lo abordamos desde la noción de sacra doctrina, la cual es hoy en día es una noción olvidada y de ahí proviene la dificultad para su correcta comprensión. De ahí que se tienda a identificarla con la teología, restringiéndola fuertemente. Para Santo Tomás es una noción muy importante. Por esta razón toda la primera cuestión de la Suma Teológica gira sobre ella, pues la...

  18. Application of a geographical information system approach for risk analysis of fascioliasis in southern Espírito Santo state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Isabella Vilhena Freire; de Avelar, Barbara Rauta; Pereira, Maria Julia Salim; da Fonseca, Adevair Henrique

    2012-09-01

    A model based on geographical information systems for mapping the risk of fascioliasis was developed for the southern part of Espírito Santo state, Brazil. The determinants investigated were precipitation, temperature, elevation, slope, soil type and land use. Weightings and grades were assigned to determinants and their categories according to their relevance with respect to fascioliasis. Theme maps depicting the spatial distribution of risk areas indicate that over 50% of southern Espírito Santo is either at high or at very high risk for fascioliasis. These areas were found to be characterized by comparatively high temperature but relatively low slope, low precipitation and low elevation corresponding to periodically flooded grasslands or soils that promote water retention.

  19. A paisagem urbana como herança cultural: a praça Santos Dumont, Umuarama, Estado do Paraná, Brasil = The urban landscape as a cultural heritage: Santos Dumont plaza, Umuarama, Paraná State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Fabbri Hulsmeyer

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A paisagem urbana possui uma forte conotação histórica, e pode ser considerada uma herança cultural. Neste contexto, os espaços livres públicos podem converter-se em registros importantes, fortalecendo tradições, valores e identidades. Nos quatro principais núcleosurbanos projetados pela Companhia de Terras do Norte do Paraná CTNP, e denominada Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paraná CMNP após 1942, as praças exercem o papel de elementos ordenadores na configuração dos centros cívico, religioso e comercial, demonstrando a íntima relação entre os espaços livres públicos e seu entorno. Esta pesquisa1 teve o objetivo de analisar, a partir da pesquisa dos registros fotográficos, jornais de época e bibliografia referente àsraízes conceituais do traçado morfológico da cidade e seu contexto histórico, a Praça Santos Dumont, maior praça e palco de importantes momentos da história da jovem cidade de Umuarama, Estado do Paraná.The urban landscape has strong historical meaning because it can be considered as cultural heritage. In this context, public open spaces are important registries, reinforcing traditions, values and identities. In the four main cities projected by the Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paraná (CMNP, the squares and plazas carry out the task of ordination elements for the configuration of the civic, religious and commercial centers, reinforcing the close relation between public open spaces and their surroundings. This research was done under the Scientific Initiation Program of Universidade Paranaense, and is about Santos Dumont Plaza, the biggest one that supported important historical moments of earlyUmuarama, in northwestern Paraná, Brazil. The analysis was based on the research of photographic registries, newspapers, and the publications about the conceptual roots of the urban morphology of the city and its historical context.

  20. Memórias sociais de juventude entre quilombolas do norte do Espírito Santo Youth social memories among quilombolas from the north of Espírito Santo

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    Renata Valentim

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Buscando um conjunto etário que tivesse vivido sua juventude entre as populações remanescentes de quilombos do norte do Estado do Espírito Santo e ainda na presença da Mata Atlântica, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo principal identificar as memórias sociais de juventude nessas comunidades, relacionando as representações desse passado compartilhado às mudanças ambientais e sociais que recentemente impactaram a sua região. Foram entrevistadas 11 pessoas, homens e mulheres, com idade entre 40 e 61 anos. Os dados, trabalhados através da técnica de análise de conteúdo, demonstraram um hiato na relação dos participantes com as gerações mais novas que não havia sido experimentado com relação aos seus ascendentes; bem como as implicações dessa transformação socioambiental que, ao atuar em estruturas arcaicas de constituição territorial e temporal das comunidades, funcionou como agente primordial tanto do distanciamento entre as gerações quanto da seleção das formas mnêmicas mais relevantes.Searching for an age group who lived their youth among populations remnant of former runaway slave communities in the northern Espírito Santo State (Brazil and also at the Atlantic Rainforest, this research had the main objective of identifying the social memories of younger days in these communities, relating the representations of this past and the environmental and social changes that recently impacted their region. Eleven men and women were interviewed, with ages varying from 40 to 61 years. The data, processed by content analysis technique, demonstrated a hiatus at the relation of the participants with younger generations which had not been experienced with respect to their ascendants; as well as the implications of this social-environmental transformation that, while acting on the communities archaic structures of territorial and temporal constitution, worked as a prime agent both in the distancing between generations, and on

  1. Por uma concepcão dialética do espaço: o conceito de formação espacial em Milton Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Carlos Tosta dos Reis

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo propõe uma discussão sobre o conceito deFormação Espacial desenvolvido por Milton Santos,abordando a gênese, os atributos associados e as controvérsias em torno do conceito. Tomado como expressão de um abrangente esforço de reformulaçãona epistemologia da Geografia, o referido conceitoconstitui rico objeto de exame no campo da Teoriada Geografia.

  2. Fronteiras étnicas nos repertórios musicais das 'festas de santo' em São Gabriel da Cachoeira (alto Rio Negro, AM

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    Líliam Cristina da Silva Barros

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo demonstrar os mecanismos através dos quais índios em situação de contato, na zona urbana de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, manifestam sua pertença étnica. Em meio ao contexto das festas de santo, repertórios musicais evidenciam as fronteiras étnicas valendo-se da língua como principal sinal diacrítico de identidade.

  3. AGROFORESTERÍA CON CAFETALES EN EL ESTADO DE ESPÍRITO SANTO, BRASIL: UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LA TRANSICIÓN HACIA UN SISTEMA SOSTENIBLE

    OpenAIRE

    Sales , Eduardo; Méndez , Ernesto; Caporal , Francisco

    2010-01-01

    N° ISBN - 978-2-7380-1284-5; International audience; The Espirito Santo State is located in the southeastern region of Brazil. The country´s Atlantic Forest vegetation covered most of its territory, but due to human actions, it has been reduced to only 8% of the original forest size. These consequences have a historical background beginning with the Portuguese colonization and continuing with the development of monocultures. This situation still continues today due to the conventional model t...

  4. Leishmaniose visceral americana dissociada da presença de Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae) no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Israel de Souza; Santos, Claudiney Biral dos; Grimaldi Jr., Gabriel; Ferreira, Adelson Luiz; Falqueto, Aloísio

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of American visceral leishmaniasis in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil has always been associated with the presence of the Lutzomyia longipalpis vector. The geographic distribution of this vector in this state is related to the presence of specific geoclimatic characteristics, such as a dry climate, low elevations (< 450m), steep slopes and rocky outcrops. The occurrence of human autochthonous cases of American visceral leishmaniasis in municipalities without these geoclimat...

  5. Consequences of Environmental Projects on Development : Pilot Case Study of a Company-Community Partnership in Espírito Santo - Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gondar, Anelise F. P.

    2008-01-01

    This work aims to analyze partnerships between communities and businesses in the forestry sector in Brazil. The question to be answered is whether business-community partnerships can be considered a governance mode in the forestry sector in Brazil. Conclusions shall be drawn on the case of the “Forestry Partners” program of the firm Aracruz Cellulose, in the state of Espírito Santo. The methodology is theoretically based on studies of governance in general and environmental governance in part...

  6. Characterization of phenolic compounds from different species of halophytes from Reserva Natural do Sapal de Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Mafalda R. Almeida; Joana Pacheco

    2014-01-01

    Reserva Natural do Sapal de Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António (RNSCMVRSA) is a natural reserve (SE of Portugal, Algarve region) that has habitats with different saline conditions and great ecological importance. Halophytes are plants that grow in a wide variety of saline habitats, namely in RNSCMVRSA, and can accumulated in their biomass high contents of salt. This plant behavior can increase production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and consequently, the oxidative stress, cellular ...

  7. Iron ore particles on four seaweed species from Camburi Beach (Espírito Santo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Aparecida Gomes Nassar

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study estimated the iron-ore concentration found on four species of seaweed. The species tested grow on a site heavily contaminated by this ore, in the city of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Under natural conditions, the iron ore reached a temperature 5.0ºC higher than the sand on a sunny day. All the species had iron ore adhered to their fronds. Udotea cyathiformis was the species with the highest iron-ore concentration varing from 0.07 to 0.90 g wet weight, followed by Lobophora variegata (from 0.07 to 0.62 g wet weight, Padina gymnospora (from 0.08 to 0.55 g wet weight and Ulva fasciata (from 0.05 to 0.25 g wet weight. Even after four changes of water over a 12-hour period, the fronds still had particles adhered to their outside cell wall. All the species showed similar tendencies to release the iron, with the highest percentage of particles (40 to 60% released in the first change of water.Minério de ferro particulado sobre quatro macroalgas da Praia de Camburi (Estado do Espírito Santo-Brasil. O presente trabalho determinou a concentração de minério de ferro presente em quatro macroalgas. As espécies testadas ocorrem em um local extremamente contaminado por este particulado, na cidade de Vitória, Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Sob condições naturais, o minério de ferro alcançou um temperatura de até 5,0ºC acima da temperatura da areia em um dia ensolarado.Todas as espécies estudadas apresentavam minério em suas paredes externas. A espécie Udotea cyathiformis apresentou a maior concentração de minério em sua fronde variando de 0,07 a 0,90 g massa úmida, seguida por Lobophora variegata (de 0,07 a 0,62 g massa úmida, Padina gymnospora (de 0,08 a 0,55 g massa úmida e Ulva fasciata (de 0,05 a 0,25 g massa úmida. Mesmo após sucessivas trocas de água, as frondes ainda apresentavam partículas aderidas às suas paredes celulares externas. As espécies apresentaram a mesma tendência de libera

  8. Characterization of organic matter in sediment cores of the Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia, Brazil, by elemental analysis and 13C NMR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Costa, A.B.; Novotny, E.H.; Bloise, A.C.; Azevedo, E.R. de; Bonagamba, T.J.; Zucchi, M.R.; Santos, V.L.C.S.; Azevedo, A.E.G.

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → The impact of human activity on the sediments of Todos os Santos Bay in Brazil was evaluated by EA and 13 C NMR. → This article reports a study of six sediment cores collected at different depths and regions. → The elemental profiles of cores suggest an abrupt change in the sedimentation regime, corresponds to about 50 years ago, coinciding with the implantation of major onshore industrial projects. → The results presented illustrate several important aspects of environmental impact of human activity on this bay. - Abstract: The impact of human activity on the sediments of Todos os Santos Bay in Brazil was evaluated by elemental analysis and 13 C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ( 13 C NMR). This article reports a study of six sediment cores collected at different depths and regions of Todos os Santos Bay. The elemental profiles of cores collected on the eastern side of Frades Island suggest an abrupt change in the sedimentation regime. Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) analysis corroborates this result. The range of depths of the cores corresponds to about 50 years ago, coinciding with the implantation of major onshore industrial projects in the region. Principal Component Analysis of the 13 C NMR spectra clearly differentiates sediment samples closer to the Subae estuary, which have high contents of terrestrial organic matter, from those closer to a local oil refinery. The results presented in this article illustrate several important aspects of environmental impact of human activity on this bay.

  9. The effect of iron-ore particles on the metal content of the brown alga Padina gymnospora (Espirito Santo Bay, Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nassar, C.A.G.; Salgado, L.T.; Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y.; Amado Filho, G.M.

    2003-01-01

    Iron ore deposits mat be the source of metals found in the brown alga Padina gymnospora. - The iron-ore particles discharged by a pellet processing plant (Espirito Santo Bay, Brazil) cover the seabed of Camburi Beach and consequently, the epibenthic community. In order to determine the importance of the contribution of the iron-ore deposits to the metal concentration in macroalgae of Espirito Santo Bay, four methods of cleaning particulate material adhered to the surface of thalli were tested prior to metal tissue analysis (Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) of Padina gymnospora. In addition, heavy metal concentrations were determined in individuals of P. gymnospora from a site (Frade Island) not affected by the iron-ore particles. The most efficient cleaning treatment, a combination of scraping and washing with an ethanol-seawater solution (NA+SC+ET) removed a number of particles on the surface of thalli 10 times higher than that observed in the control (C). Using this treatment, the total-metal concentrations were reduced by 78% for Fe and 50% for Al respect to the control. However, Fe, Al and Cu concentrations after treatment NA+SC+ET were significantly higher than those found at Frade Island. It is suggested that the iron-ore deposit might be a source for metal availability to macroalgae exposed to the dumped material at Espirito Santo Bay

  10. Influencia de aspectos bioéticos en la planificación familiar en Santos Suárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela de la C Prendes Labrada

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 151 pacientes de la consulta de Planificación Familiar en el Policlínico Santos Suárez entre abril y junio de 1997, con el objetivo de mostrar cómo influyen algunos aspectos bioéticos en la selección, así como en la continuidad del uso de los métodos anticonceptivos y en la satisfacción de las necesidades del individuo. Se aplicó una encuesta y se siguió a los pacientes durante un año. Los datos se procesaron según el cálculo porcentual. Se concluyó que la adecuada capacitación técnica del equipo multidisciplinario, la selección informada, asesoramiento adecuado y respeto de las creencias individuales, socioculturales y de los principios morales, influyeron en los resultados positivos de la selección y continuidad del uso de los métodos anticonceptivos y en la satisfacción de las necesidades del individuo en la consulta de Planificación Familiar.A descriptive cross-sectional study of 151 patients from the Family Planning Department of the "Santos Suárez" Polyclinic was conducted between April and June, 1997, aimed at showing how some bioethical aspects influence on the selection, and continuity of the use of contraceptive methods, and on the satisfaction of the individual’s needs. A survey was done and patients were followed up for a year. Data were processed by percent calculation. It was concluded that the adequate technical training of the multidisciplinary team, the reported selection, the appropiate counseling, and the respect of the individual and sociocultural beliefs, and of the moral principles influenced on the positive results of the selection and continuity of the utilization of the contraceptive methods as well as on the satisfaction of the patients’ needs at the Family Planning Department.

  11. Modern sedimentation processes in a wave-dominated coastal embayment: Espírito Santo Bay, southeast Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Alex Cardoso; Costa Moscon, Daphnne Moraes; Carmo, Dannilo; Neto, José Antonio Baptista; da Silva Quaresma, Valéria

    2015-02-01

    Sediment dynamics in wave-dominated coastal embayments are generally controlled by seasonal meteorological conditions, storms having a particularly strong influence. In the present study, such hydrodynamic processes and associated deposits have been investigated in a coastal embayment located along the southeast coast of Brazil, i.e. Espírito Santo Bay, in the winter (June/July) of 2008. The bay has undergone a series of human interventions that have altered the local hydrodynamic processes and, consequently, the sediment transport patterns. Facies distribution and sediment dynamics were examined by acoustic seabed mapping, sediment and core sampling, hydrodynamic measurements and sand transport modelling. The results show that sediment distribution can be described in terms of nearshore and offshore zones. The offshore bay sector is predominantly composed of "palimpsest" lithoclastic medium-coarse sands deposited in the course of the early Holocene transgression that peaked about 5,000 years ago. In the inner bay or nearshore zone (up to depths of 4-8 m), these older transgressive deposits are today overlain by a thin (up to 30-cm-thick) and partly patchy blanket of younger regressive fine sand/muddy fine sands. Both coarse- and fine-grained facies are being reworked during high-energy events (Hs>1.5 m) when fine sediment is resuspended, weak tide-induced drift currents causing the sand patches to be displaced. The coarser sediment, by contrast, is mobilized as bedload to produce wave ripples with spacings of up to 1.2 m. These processes lead to a sharp spatial delimitation between a fine sand/mud facies and a rippled coarse sand facies. The fine sand patches have a relief of about 20-30 cm and reveal a typical internal tempestite depositional sequence. Fair-weather wave-induced sediment transport (Hs<1 m), supported by weak tidal currents, seems to only affect the fine sediment facies. Sediment dynamics in Espírito Santo Bay is thus essentially controlled by

  12. Pesquisaje de cáncer de mama en la comunidad de Santos Suárez

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    Marianela Prendes Labrada

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio descriptivo en 3 consultorios del área del Policlínico "Santos Suárez" en el año 1996 con el objetivo de determinar la incidencia de cáncer de mama y la utilización de métodos de detección precoz. Se informa que la muestra estuvo constituida por 600 mujeres mayores de 20 años seleccionadas al azar a las cuales se les hizo el pesquisaje y se les aplicó una encuesta. Se encuentra que la incidencia de cáncer mamario fue del 3 %. El 22,5 % de las mujeres se clasificaron como de alto riesgo de padecer el cáncer y el 83,3 % de los cánceres mamarios se detectaron en mujeres con alto riesgo y más de 50 años. Se señala que el 58,2 % de la muestra no conoce el autoexamen de mama y el 64 % no lo practica. Al 45,1 % de las mujeres nunca se le había realizado el examen clínico de las mamasA descriptive study of 3 physicians'offices from Santos Suárez polyclinic was carried out in 1996 aimed at determining the incidence of breast cancer and the use of early diagnosis methods. It is stressed that 600 randomly chosen women over 20 were included in the sample, who were screened and applied a survey. The breast cancer incidence rate was 3 %. 22.5 % of sampled women was clasified as high breast cancer risk subjects whereas 83.3 % of detected breast cancer was found in high risk women over 50. 58.2 % of them has no idea about the breast self-examination and 64 % does not put it into practice. 45.1 % of women has never been breast-screened before

  13. Petrogenesis contamination of the Todos os Santos bay by aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons: a contribution for the environmental diagnostic; Contaminacao petrogenica da Baia de Todos os Santos por hidrocarbonetos policiclicos aromaticos: uma contribuicao ao diagnostico ambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, J. Carlos V. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Tavares, Tania M. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador (Brazil)

    1998-07-01

    This work studies the contamination degree of the meso and infra-coastline sediments of the Baia de Todos os Santos, Bahia, the largest of Brazil, by organic compounds, mainly of period origin. The assessment was proceeded through quantification of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's), by fluorimetric analysis in continuous flow. The levels of contamination were quantified taking in consideration the levels considered as critical by the published literature. The grading of the target sites with those of the control sites (background) were compared also. The main objective was to define the degree of contamination relative to different areas of the bay, correlating with the different activities, such as oil exploitation, industrial production, mainly of oil processing at the north of the bay, port and urban, specially near the city of Salvador, with 2 million of inhabitants. In some stations, specially in those classified as industrial, urban and heavy boats traffic, sediments showed contamination, resulting in grades up to 2000 times greater than the control sites. Some regions, mainly industrial and urban, showed high PHA's contamination, higher than 200 {mu}g/g. The majority of sediments in areas remaining as recreational until present days showed no contamination, lesser than {mu}g/g. (author)

  14. Características da tuberculose pulmonar em área hiperendêmica: município de Santos (SP Characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in a hyperendemic area: the city of Santos, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Gobetti Vieira Coelho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil dos pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar (TBP no município de Santos (SP segundo fatores biológicos, ambientais e institucionais. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, com dados obtidos na vigilância da TB, abrangendo pacientes com TBP maiores de 15 anos de idade, residentes em Santos (SP e com tratamento iniciado entre 2000 e 2004. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 2.176 casos, e 481 apresentavam história prévia de TB. Desses, 29,3% curaram-se no episódio anterior, e 70,7% abandonaram o tratamento. Em 61,6% e em 33,8% dos casos, o diagnóstico foi confirmado por baciloscopia e por critérios clínico-radiológicos, respectivamente; 69.0% eram homens, e 69,5% situavam-se entre 20 a 49 anos. Houve 732 hospitalizações, com tempo médio de permanência de 32 dias na primeira internação. A prevalência de alcoolismo, diabetes e coinfecção TB/HIV foi de, respectivamente, 11,7%, 8,2% e 16,2%, com declínio dessa última de 20,7% para 12,9% no período de estudo. O desfecho do tratamento para 71,0%, 12,1%, 3,2% e 3,3% foi, respectivamente, cura, abandono, óbito por TB e óbito por TB/HIV. O tratamento supervisionado de curta duração foi aplicado em 63,4% dos casos, e não houve diferenças nos desfechos entre os tipos de tratamento (p > 0,05. A incidência anual média de TBP foi de 127,9/100.000habitantes (variação: 72,8-272,92/100.000 conforme a região. A taxa anual média de mortalidade por TBP foi de 6,9/100.000 habitantes. CONCLUSÕES: Em áreas hiperendêmicas de TB, o tratamento supervisionado de curta duração deve ser priorizado para os grupos de risco para o abandono de tratamento ou óbito, e a busca de TB entre contatos deve ser intensificada.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the profile of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB in the city of Santos, Brazil, according to biological, environmental and institutional factors. METHODS: Descriptive study, using the TB surveillance database, including patients

  15. Les deux journaux de José Santos Vargas (1814-1825. 1: Problèmes d'édition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available La découverte du journal de guerre tenu par le guérillero José Santos Vargas a renouvelé nos connaissances sur l’histoire de la guerre d’indépendance dans le Haut Pérou. Cependant, le fait qu’il existe deux manuscrits différents de ce document, publiés tous deux par les soins de don Gunnar Mendoza, l’un en 1952 en Bolivie, l’autre en 1982 au Mexique, pose aux historiens des problèmes que les choix effectués par l’éditeur ont obscurcis. Cette première livraison d’un article qui devrait en comprendre deux remet en question la valeur scientifique de l’édition de 1982. LOS DOS DIARIOS DE JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS. 1: PROBLEMAS EDITORIALES. El descubrimiento del diario de guerra redactado por el guerrillero José Santos Vargas ha renovado el conocimiento de la guerra de independencia en el Alto Perú. Pero el hecho de que existen dos manuscritos distintos de este documento, ambos publicados por don Gunnar Mendoza, uno en Bolivia en 1952 y otro en México en 1982, plantea a los historiadores problemas que las decisiones del editor han obscurecido. Esta primera entrega de un artículo que constará de dos, pone en tela de juicio el valor científico de la edición de 1982. THE TWO DIARIES OF JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS. 1: PROBLEMS OF EDITION. The discovery of the diary of the guerillero leader José Santos Vargas add to our knowledge of the history of the independence war in the Alto Peru. However, the existence of two different manuscripts, both published by don Gunnar Mendoza, the first in Bolivia, 1952, the second in Mexico, 1982, present historians with problems that have been obscured by the editor’s choices. In this first part of the two parts article, we question the scientific value of the edition of 1982.

  16. Ofelia Floresca-Domingo | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... projects, and I mingle with scientists and people in the community so that I can write about something worthwhile. A master's degree in development communication has strengthened my knowledge and skills in communicating the results of scientific experiments and research projects in agriculture and natural resources.

  17. Mañana de domingo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Ramírez

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Written by one of the most brilliant Latin American writers, "Sunday Morning" is a metaphor with multiple evocations: the debris of a country, knowledge that interprets daily situations, and the emphasis journalists give to reality. In other words: an approach of fiction to issues related with society.

  18. El ejemplo de la revista Domingo Sherezade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kintto Lucas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Comunicación y Género, acopia trabajos que vinculan a la mujer y la comunicación y sus esfuerzos por no ser consideradas inferiores. Del libro a la pantalla, acerca a algunas reflexiones sobre el proceso que lleva del libro a la pantalla por la polémica que despierta la adaptación de las novelas, puesto que muchos señalan que la trama se ve desfigurada. Se agregan varios temas sobre el cine. En "Días de Radio", se plantea el que a pesar de la censura y los problemas económicos que deben enfrentar, las radios populares de América Latina, siguen ganando espacios, de su desarrollo depende una mayor profundización de la democracia. Tema de debate es Estrategias comunicativas en Chiapas y Haití. Se añaden dos entrevistas a un caricaturista brasileño y a un corresponsal de guerra muy prestigiado.

  19. Finantsuuendused ja rahapoliitika / Eugenio Domingo Solans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Solans, Eugenio Domingo

    2003-01-01

    Autor selgitab finantsuuenduse olemust ning finantsuuenduste ja rahapoliitika seoseid. Ta toob näiteid ülesandeist, mida finantsuuendused maksevahendite, investeerimistoodete ja finantseerimisvalikute vallas rahapoliitika ette seavad. Samas rõhutab ta e-rahanduse tähtsust EL-i rahapoliitikas

  20. Environmental analyses of the parasitic profile found in the sandy soil from the Santos municipality beaches, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Rocha

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The environmental contamination by geohelminths represents a world public health problem and has been well documented by several authors. However, few papers describe the presence of such contamination in saline soils of coastal beaches. A study was performed on the beaches of the municipality of Santos in the period between May 2004 to April 2005 with the aim of determining the degree of contamination, and the correlation between contamination level and seasonal conditions and characteristics of the environment. Of the 2,520 samples analyzed, 18.2% (458 were contaminated, 32.3% (148 of which were localized in children's recreational areas (playgrounds. The parasite profile found in the analyzed samples indicated the presence of several zoonotic parasites: Ancylostoma larvae (82.5%, Toxocara sp. eggs (59.4%, Ancylostomidae-like eggs (37.1%, coccid oocysts (13.5%, Trichostrongylus sp. eggs and larvae, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, (11.6%, Entamoeba sp. cysts (10.0%, Strongyloides sp. (4.8%, several free nematoids and some non-identified parasitic structures (3.3%. It was established that the highest frequency of parasitic structures occurred in the months between May and October 2004, and from February to March 2005. An increase in the diversity of parasitic forms was documented in the months between February to December 2004 and from January to April 2005, these periods having the highest rainfall.

  1. Environmental analyses of the parasitic profile found in the sandy soil from the Santos municipality beaches, SP, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Silvana; Pinto, Rosa Maria Ferreiro; Floriano, Aline Petrollini; Teixeira, Lais Helena; Bassili, Bianca; Martinez, Araceles; Costa, Sergio Olavo Pinto da; Caseiro, Marcos Montani

    2011-01-01

    The environmental contamination by geohelminths represents a world public health problem and has been well documented by several authors. However, few papers describe the presence of such contamination in saline soils of coastal beaches. A study was performed on the beaches of the municipality of Santos in the period between May 2004 to April 2005 with the aim of determining the degree of contamination, and the correlation between contamination level and seasonal conditions and characteristics of the environment. Of the 2,520 samples analyzed, 18.2% (458) were contaminated, 32.3% (148) of which were localized in children's recreational areas (playgrounds). The parasite profile found in the analyzed samples indicated the presence of several zoonotic parasites: Ancylostoma larvae (82.5%), Toxocara sp. eggs (59.4%), Ancylostomidae-like eggs (37.1%), coccid oocysts (13.5%), Trichostrongylus sp. eggs and larvae, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, (11.6%), Entamoeba sp. cysts (10.0%), Strongyloides sp. (4.8%), several free nematoids and some non-identified parasitic structures (3.3%). It was established that the highest frequency of parasitic structures occurred in the months between May and October 2004, and from February to March 2005. An increase in the diversity of parasitic forms was documented in the months between February to December 2004 and from January to April 2005, these periods having the highest rainfall.

  2. The White Male as Narrative Axis in Mayra Santos-Febres’s Nuestra señora de la noche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helene C. Weldt-Basson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mayra Santos-Febres’s 2006 novel, Nuestra señora de la noche , is based on the life of the Puerto Rican madam, Isabel la Negra, a legendary figure in Puerto Rican culture. Using both Mervin Alleyne’s theory of racial discrimination and Aída Hurtado’s theory of racially-based gender discrimination, which shows how the reactions of white and black females are governed by their relation of dependency on or rejection by the white male, this study illustrates how the character Isabel la Negra evolves as a postmodern, feminist character who opposes racism and gender subordination in Puerto Rico through her role as a prostitute. Conversely, the study also illustrates how madness, associated with both white (Cristina Rangel and black (Montse females in the novel, is a powerless rather than feminist strategy, into which women descend due to their mistreatment by patriarchal society. The study illustrates how Fernando Fornarís, the white male protagonist, serves as the narrative axis for the development of women’s polarized reactions to patriarchal domination in the novel.

  3. Natural radionuclides present in the beach sands of Guarapari and Anchieta, EspÍrito Santo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aguilar, Victor J.; Takahashi, Laura C.

    2017-01-01

    The natural radioactivity was determined in the Espírito Santo sands, in Brazil, in eight beaches from Anchieta and Guarapari. In the methodology, the sands of each beach were collected, sifted, dried in the oven, and conditioned in Marinellis. Its weight was measured on the scale, and stored for 30 days for their secular equilibrium. Then, the gamma spectrometry measurement was performed. The specific activities for each beach were calculated and the radioactive balance of the 238 U and 232 Th series was also studied. From the standard deviation of the estimated error (S), the chi-square distribution parameter (R 2 ), the coefficient of determination R 2 , R-sq, and the adjusted R 2 , R-sq (adj) was studied. In the results, a regression curve (fitted line plot) was performed on the quality adjustment with a 95% confidence interval for the values found in Neptune, Além, Coninhos, Onça, Três Praias, Morcego and Padres beaches. The R 2 measured presented values close to 1. The beach Areia Vermelha presented a specific activity with a percentage of 98.41% in relation to the other beaches and very high activity compared to the world average. (author)

  4. Investigation of the uranium content in sediment and soil samples from the Santos and Sao Vicente estuary region, SP, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serafim, Ricardo A.M.; Correa, Bianca A.M.; Primi, M.C.; Geraldo, Luiz P.; Yamazaki, Yone M.

    2009-01-01

    In this work the uranium (U) content in sediment and soil samples collected near the Santos and Sao Vicente estuary was determined using the fission track registration technique (SSNTD). The sediment and soil samples after oven-dried and pulverized were prepared in the solution form. Around 10 μL of this solution was deposited on the plastic detector (PCLIGHT) and irradiated at the IEA-R1 (3.5 MW) nuclear reactor. After the irradiation and chemical etching of the plastic foils, the fission tracks were counted with a system consisting of an optical microscope together with a video camera and a PC computer. The U content in the analyzed samples ranged from 3.12 ± 0.55 to 18.3 ± 1.2 ppm for sediments and from 3.21 ± 0.63 to 11.5 ± 1.1 ppm for soils. These results were compared to other values reported in the literature for sediments and soils collected in environments similar to the ones studied in this work The average values for the U content obtained in this work are significant higher (above twice) than the world mean and are in reasonable agreement with results found by other authors for sediments and soils from regions considered as polluted or with a high level of radioactivity. (author)

  5. Evaluation of Ra, Th, K and radium equivalent activity in sand samples from Camburi Beach, Vitoria, Espirito Santos, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.

    2013-01-01

    Camburi beach, in the city of Vitoria, Espirito Santo State. Brazil, is a naturally high background region in Brazil. The beach sands contain monazite, ilmenite and other accessory minerals rich in 226 Ra, 23 '2Th and 40 K. As these radionuclides are the main natural contributors to external exposure from gamma rays, the knowledge of the sands radioactivity content plays an important role in radiation protection. In this work, 226 Ra, 232 Th and 40 K activities concentrations, together with the radium equivalent activity, Ra eq. were determined in some selected sand samples from a single location at Camburi beach, known for the high level of radioactivity. The sand samples collected monthly from January to December 2011, were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL HPDE polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma-spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the 238 U and 23 '2Th series. Preliminary results, without considering samples self-attenuation, show activities concentrations in the range from 12 ± 1 Bq kg -1 to 1022 ± 30 Bq kg -1 for 226 Ra, 35 ± 1 Bq kg -1 to 5731 ± 134 Bq kg -1 for 232 Th and 18 ± 4 Bqkg -1 to 430 ± 21 Bq kg -1 for 40 K. The Ra eq , presented values ranging from 63 Bq kg -1 to 9250 Bq kg -1 . (author)

  6. Norito e Charnoenderbitos da Borda do Maciço Intrusivo de Venda Nova (Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cezar Mendes

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available An irregular and narrow ring of charnoenderbites and norite envelopes gabbros and syenomonzonites in the Venda Nova inversely zoned pluton, Espírito Santo. The former have an almost massive structure, with foliation only locally well marked. The norite is a fine-grained cumulatic rock with granular hypidiomorphic to intergranular texture. The medium-grained charnoenderbites comprise enderbites, Opx-quartzdiorites and Opx-granodiorites. They are leucocratic to mesocratic with granular hypidiomorphic to porphyritic texture. Ortho and clinopyroxene are present in the both lithotypes. Subsolidus textures occur in the norite and charnoenderbites. The whole rock chemistry separates two different sequences: a basic one, with tholeiitic affinities, correspond to the noritic cumulate, and an intermediary one, medium-K calc-alkaline, comprising the charnoenderbites. They show clearly different chemical signature when compared to the alkalic affinity rocks of the inner domain of the pluton. Both the sequences have similar geochemical characteristics: they are metaluminous, Ca, Fe and Al enriched, and have low to moderate incompatible elements contents. Normal to depleted mantle protolith is inferred for both sequences, and garnet probably was a residual phase during the mantle partial melting.

  7. Natural radionuclides present in the beach sands of Guarapari and Anchieta, EspÍrito Santo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar, Victor J.; Takahashi, Laura C. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Anatomia e Imagem; Fontainha, Críssia C.P.; Santos, Talita O.; Rocha, Zildete, E-mail: crissia@gmail.com, E-mail: zildete@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    The natural radioactivity was determined in the Espírito Santo sands, in Brazil, in eight beaches from Anchieta and Guarapari. In the methodology, the sands of each beach were collected, sifted, dried in the oven, and conditioned in Marinellis. Its weight was measured on the scale, and stored for 30 days for their secular equilibrium. Then, the gamma spectrometry measurement was performed. The specific activities for each beach were calculated and the radioactive balance of the {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series was also studied. From the standard deviation of the estimated error (S), the chi-square distribution parameter (R{sub 2}), the coefficient of determination R{sub 2}, R-sq, and the adjusted R{sub 2}, R-sq (adj) was studied. In the results, a regression curve (fitted line plot) was performed on the quality adjustment with a 95% confidence interval for the values found in Neptune, Além, Coninhos, Onça, Três Praias, Morcego and Padres beaches. The R{sub 2} measured presented values close to 1. The beach Areia Vermelha presented a specific activity with a percentage of 98.41% in relation to the other beaches and very high activity compared to the world average. (author)

  8. New high-performance, water-based fluid benefits Santos basin operations with excellent inhibition and drilling efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Tom; West, Gary [Halliburton Baroid, Santos, SP (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    For decades drilling fluids companies have been striving to create a water-based fluid (WBF) that yields performance similar to that of an invert emulsion in the areas of hole stability, rate of penetration (ROP) and lubricity. The HYDRO-GUARD system is a new highly inhibitive WBF that can yield drilling performance approaching that of an invert emulsion system. The new system uses a new combination of polymeric additives designed to inhibit reactive clays, minimize colloidal solids buildup, and produce a lubricious, gauge wellbore. This paper compares the field performance of the HYDRO-GUARD system on two recent Santos Basin wells drilled to over 5,000 m with the performance of synthetic-based fluids (SBF) used historically in the same area. Bottom hole temperatures (BHT) on these wells exceeded 315 deg F (157 deg C). Performance measures such as hole cleaning, penetration rates, hole stability, and torque and drag will be reviewed as well as general system benefits. (author)

  9. Natural radioactivity analysis in commercial marble samples of Southeast region in Espirito Santo state, Brazil: preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquino, Reginaldo R.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.

    2011-01-01

    The natural radioactivity in commercial marble samples of 6 quarries in 'Cachoeiro do Itapemirim' and 'Castelo' municipalities of the south region of Espirito Santo State, southeast Brazil, was determined from the 226 Ra, 232 Th and 40 K contents. In 'Cachoeiro do Itapemirim' municipality were assessed the localities of 'Alto Moledo', 'Baleeira', 'Alto Gironda' and 'Itaoca' and, in 'Castelo' municipality, was assessed the locality of 'Sao Cristovao'. Three samples of each quarry were sealed in standard 100-mL HDPE polyethylene flasks and stored in order to obtain secular equilibrium in the 238 U and 232 Th series. All samples were measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry after a 30-days ingrowth period. Preliminary results show concentrations varying from 1,0 +- 0,2 Bq.kg-1 to 6,5 +- 0,8 Bq.kg-1 for 226 Ra, from 1,5 +- 1,2 Bq.kg -1 to 3,2 +- 1,7 Bq.kg -1 for 232 Th and from 5 +- 4 Bq.kg -1 to 27 +- 5 Bq.kg -1 for 40 K. (author)

  10. Programa Arquitetura Pública da Escola de Arquitetura da UFMG - o caso de Santo Antônio do Amaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marieta Cardoso Maciel

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este documento mostra o anteprojeto de revitalização da praça Matriz do município de Santo Antônio do Amparo, realizado no âmbito do Programa de Extensão Arquitetura Pública da Escola de Arquitetura da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, no período de setembro a dezembro de 2005. Para a realização do projeto, foram elaborados uma coleta de dados, entrevistas com os moradores, e levantamentos em campo para uma análise da situação, e posterior diagnóstico do lugar. A partir dessa análise, foram feitas várias pesquisas de casos análogos e estudos preliminares de proposta. Esses estudos foram apresentados à prefeitura e à comunidade do município e, após algumas sugestões e discussões a respeito da proposta, foi realizado o anteprojeto de revitalização do espaço. Ou seja, a comunidade envolvida participou tanto do processo de elaboração quanto de aprovação do projeto. O programa possibilitou o aprendizado através de experiências com a realidade: o contato com o cliente e com o problema.

  11. Investigar-crear desde la visualidad: los secuædros del viernes santo de Alangasí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Schlenker

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo sistematiza una serie de reflexiones y gestos estéticos surgidos en el marco del proyecto Turbantes, una aproximación transdisciplinar a la dimensión cultural/estética/política de la fiesta del Viernes Santo de Alangasí (Ecuador a la que asistí durante consecutivamente entre 2010 y 2015. Se trata de una celebración que desarrolla, desde sus respectivas especificidades (geográficas/de territorio, sociales y culturales, determinadas estrategias de articulación entre lo religioso/espiritual, lo comunitario, la autoridad religiosa/política, entre otras. Como artista visual e investigador, situado simultáneamente en la práctica artística/cinematográfica y la academia, desarrollé una metodología combinada, útil para revisar la relación arte-cultura. Esto desde la idea de unos estudios artísticos como campo crítico que problematice el mismo concepto de cultura desplegado por la Modernidad-colonialidad, proponiendo rutas de investigación desde el quehacer artístico.

  12. Depositional history of sedimentary linear alkylbenzenes (LABs) in a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Southeastern Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martins, Cesar C.; Bicego, Marcia C.; Mahiques, Michel M.; Figueira, Rubens C.L.; Tessler, Moyses G.; Montone, Rosalinda C.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the reconstruction of the contamination history of a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Brazil) using linear alkylbenzenes (LABs). Three sediment cores were dated by 137 Cs. Concentrations in surficial layers were comparable to the midrange concentrations reported for coastal sediments worldwide. LAB concentrations increased towards the surface, indicating increased waste discharges into the estuary in recent decades. The highest concentration values occurred in the early 1970s, a time of intense industrial activity and marked population growth. The decreased LAB concentration, in the late 1970s was assumed to be the result of the world oil crisis. Treatment of industrial effluents, which began in 1984, was represented by decreased LAB levels. Microbial degradation of LABs may be more intense in the industrial area sediments. The results show that industrial and domestic waste discharges are a historical problem in the area. - The contamination history of a large South American industrial coastal area indicated by molecular indicator of sewage input.

  13. Level of satisfaction of clients of public pharmacies dispensing high-cost drugs in Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Oliveira dos Santos Cassaro

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of pharmaceutical services and to determine the socioeconomic profile of public pharmacy clients. This is a cross-sectional observational study using a quantitative approach. The sample was calculated from the monthly number of patients seen in pharmacies and was stratified for each pharmacy. Data were analysed using SPSS 11.5 software and by observing the simple relative frequencies for qualitative variables. For the quantitative variables, the analysis of variance (ANOVA and post-hoc Fisher tests were performed. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD. The results show that, in general, patients at "Farmácias cidadãs" are satisfied with the services. However, when stratified, we found that the greatest satisfaction was related only to structural and organizational aspects, while the pharmaceutical services are unsatisfactory. When relating satisfaction to the socioeconomic characteristics, a difference between waiting time (39.07 ± 19.53, attendance by pharmacist (8.91 ± 5.14 and education was observed. It is concluded that users are satisfied with the services of state "Farmácias cidadãs" of Espírito Santo, but there should be improvements in relation to pharmaceutical services and the interpersonal relationships between health professionals and users of the public health system in Brazil.

  14. In vitro cytotoxic activity of five commercial samples of Tribulus terrestris Linn in Espírito Santo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Costa Oliveira Filho

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The objective was to investigate the total saponin and protodioscin concentrations and the cytotoxicity in vitro, of five samples of the plant Tribulus terrestris, commercially available in the metropolitan region of Vitória - Espirito Santo, Brazil, and to compare them with the aqueous extract of the plant. The chromatographic profile and quantification of protodioscin in commercial samples and plant extract were evaluated by LC-MS/MS. The percentage of total saponins were determined by the colorimetric method. Extracts and protodioscin cytotoxicity were analyzed by the MTT assay in three cell lineages: fibroblasts (L929, ovarian cancer (Ovcar3 and murine hepatoma (Hepa1c1c7. All extracts displayed high levels of total saponins (207.2 to 780.3 mg g-1 of dry extract. The chromatographic profile revealed a wide diversity of compounds, and the saponin protodioscin was detected in only two extracts. One extract displayed high cytotoxicity, with IC50 values of 157.0, 38.2 and 7.4 µg mL-1 for the Ovcar3, Hepa1c1c7 and L929 cell lines, respectively. The other extracts displayed cytotoxic effects only at concentrations equal to or greater than 125.0 µg mL-1. Surprisingly, the most cytotoxic extract displayed the highest protodioscin concentration. Therefore, it is suggested that these products be marketed with caution, and followed-up by a certified healthcare professional.

  15. Multi-elemental contamination and historic record in sediments from the Santos-Cubatao Estuarine System, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luiz-Silva, Wanilson; Machado, Wilson; Matos, Rosa H.R.

    2008-01-01

    This paper records for the first time the contamination history and identifies the sources of 38 elements in sediments from the Santos-Cubatao Estuarine System (SE Brazil), at one of the most industrialized areas in Latin America. The compositions of samples from a 260 cm long sediment core collected in the Morrao River estuary were determined by ICP-MS. Enrichment factors, principal component analysis, correlation matrixes, and the characterization of geochemical signatures permitted a consistent data evaluation. Contaminant elements such as Cr, Mn, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Pb, and Bi were associated with steel plant-derived Fe concentrations, while Be, Ca, Sc, Co, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Hf, Ta, Th, and U were associated with fertilizer industry-derived P concentrations. An overlap of sedimentary Fe distribution and local steel plant production indicated that Fe is a reliable marker of the contamination history, allowing the estimation of sedimentation rates over a period of 45 years of industrial activities. (author)

  16. New urban and regional management instruments: Santo André and the Tamanduateí axis project case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida Nobue Sakata

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available From the end of twenty century, the crisis that came with to the end of the intensive capitalism system have been motivated much political and economical transformation at global scale. The post war breakdown reconstruction, oil crisis, the advances in informatics and telecommunication caused changes in the regional structure of many countries in the world. The movement of manufacturing activities of the old industrial metropolis occasioned the decadence and ascension of different urban regions. As an answer to these transformations, the paradigm of urban politics of many cities has been changed with the dismantling of the traditional planning system and accepting new management and urban intervention forms, as strategic planning, big urban projects, urban legislation flexibility, city marketing, etc. Recently many authors have done a critical review of this new urban management. This present work analyses the transformations suffered by Santo André, municipality of São Paulo metropolitan region and the implementation of Tamanduateí Axis Project, analyzing them in this context and these new urban management forms, evaluating its impacts and results.

  17. Applying GIS to develop a model for forest fire risk: A case study in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eugenio, Fernando Coelho; dos Santos, Alexandre Rosa; Fiedler, Nilton Cesar; Ribeiro, Guido Assunção; da Silva, Aderbal Gomes; dos Santos, Áureo Banhos; Paneto, Greiciane Gaburro; Schettino, Vitor Roberto

    2016-05-15

    A forest fire risk map is a basic element for planning and protecting forested areas. The main goal of this study was to develop a statistical model for preparing a forest fire risk map using GIS. Such model is based on assigning weights to nine variables divided into two classes: physical factors of the site (terrain slope, land-use/occupation, proximity to roads, terrain orientation, and altitude) and climatic factors (precipitation, temperature, water deficit, and evapotranspiration). In regions where the climate is different from the conditions of this study, the model will require an adjustment of the variables weights according to the local climate. The study area, Espírito Santo State, exhibited approximately 3.81% low risk, 21.18% moderate risk, 30.10% high risk, 41.50% very high risk, and 3.40% extreme risk of forest fire. The areas classified as high risk, very high and extreme, contemplated a total of 78.92% of heat spots. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Apreciación de los agentes culturales y dinamizadores de movimientos sociales sobre Millán Santos

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    Paulo Freire

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Millán Santos participó de forma significativa en la organización y dinamización de los movimientos sociales, especialmente de Educación de Personas Adultas, de Valladolid. Desde su contexto particular de un barrio obrero que experimentaba un fuerte cambio social, debido al proceso acelerado de desarrollo industrial al que se incorporaba una población que emigra del medio rural y que precisa de una formación cultural de la que carece para manejarse en la vida urbana y anhelante de un futuro mejor para sus hijos, desarrolla los valores propios de un movimiento social para la transformación cultural y educativa. Aparte del significado histórico que envuelve su acción, ya que transcurre desde el final de la dictadura hasta la consolidación de la democracia, su legado ha sido la puesta en práctica de unos valores en su acción educativa, heredados de Paulo Freire: la igualdad, el diálogo y el compromiso social. Este ejercicio ha supuesto una importante aportación en la generación de agentes culturales y dinamizadores de movimientos sociales, desde unos planteamientos de formación que identifican y valoran ellos mismos.

  19. Analysis of water quality in natural attractions in the region of Santo Antônio do Rio Abaixo (MG

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    Aline Dias de Sá

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an economic activity that uses the peculiar aspects of a region, such as nature, history, culture and geology. In this way, this work aimed to characterize the water quality quality indices of the tourist attractions Limão Well, Tabuleiro Beach, Benedito Martins Leite Seaside Resort, Angico, Baía, Chuvisco and Cristal waterfalls, located in the municipality of Santo Antônio of Rio Below (MG. Six samples were collected between September 2016 and May 2017, and the Balneability Index (IB, Trophic State Index (EIT and Water Quality Index (IQA were analyzed. Considering the IB, it was verified results classified in the "excellent" and "very good" classification of the Resolution of the National Environmental Council (CONAMA nº 274/2000, except for the Angico Waterfall, given the discharge of sewage near this. On the other hand, the IQA presented results in the "medium" to "good" ranges, according to the standard of the Mining Institute of Water Management. However, it is important to emphasize that the rainy season influenced negatively the results of these indices, given the surface runoff. The results obtained through the EIT allowed the classification of waters as ultraoligotrophic, indicating insignificant concentrations of nutrients. Thus, this work can contribute to the planning of tourism in the municipality, collaborating with the generation of income and improvement of the quality of life of the local population.

  20. MAPEAMENTO DAS ÁREAS DE PRESERVAÇÃO PERMANENTE DO ESTADO DO ESPÍRITO SANTO, BRASIL

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    Fernando Coelho Eugenio

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted across the state of Espirito Santo, with the objective of limiting the Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs by optical law 12.651/2012 (forest code and highlight the importance of identifying those areas automatically. Each PPA has its own methodology for their mapping, however, all were mapped with the aid of geotechnology. The state has 22.43% of its PPA area distributed along the marginal strip watercourses (10.42%; in the surroundings of lakes and natural ponds (0.67%; around the artificial water reservoirs (0.02%, in the vicinity of springs (0.89% in the hillsides with slopes greater than 45° (0.24%; in restingas (1.92%; in mangroves (0.19%; on top of hills (8.98%; and in higher than 1800 meters (0.19% of the total area of the state altitudes. This study serves as a technical subsidy for evaluation and quantification of PPAs in a State, since it is the first one in a state level in Brazil on the issue.

  1. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from two estuarine systems: Santos/Sao Vicente and Cananeia, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amorim, Eduardo Paulo de

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluated some toxic metals such as Cd, Hg and Pb and some other major and trace elements in surface sediment samples, from two different systems under different degrees of anthropogenic actions: the estuarine system of Santos/Sao Vicente and the southern part of the Cananeia estuary, both on the Sao Paulo state coast. Sediment samples were collected in 16 stations in the Santos/Sao Vicente estuary and 13 stations in the Cananeia estuary, during summer and winter of 2005 and 2006, in both estuaries. Three analytical techniques were used: NAA, AAS and ICP OES. NAA was used for the quantification of major element concentration levels (Ca, Fe and Na), trace elements (As, Ba, Br, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, and Zn and rare earths elements La, Ce, Eu, Nd, Sm, Lu, Tb, Yb). ICP OES was used for determination of the concentration levels of Al, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Co, Pb, Cu, Cr, Sn, Sr, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Tl, Ti, V and Zn. AAS for Cd and Pb quantification through graphite furnace (GF AAS) and Hg through cold vapor generation (CV AAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference material analyses for the three analytical techniques used. Detection and quantification limits were calculated for each element evaluated. Seasonal variations (summer and winter), spatial and temporal (2005 e 2006) variations of metals and trace elements were also evaluated. In the Santos estuary, in general, metal and trace element concentrations , organic matter content and % of pelitic fraction found in the Santos channel (area 1) were higher than those of the Santos Bay (area 2) and Sao Vicente channel (area 3). Area 1 suffers high impact from industrial activities from the Cubatao region and Santos port. The sediments from station 14 (area 3, Sao Vicente channel), showed the same behavior of those from area 1, suffering influence from the industrial pole and located in a mangrove area. In comparison with TEL and PEL

  2. Mediación pedagógica y deserción escolar, en los estudiantes, de la Unidad Educativa Intercultural Bilingüe “Domingo Faustino Sarmiento”, de la parroquia de Ilumán, durante el período 2010-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida Terán, Fayrud Titiana

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación está fundamentada en la Mediación pedagógica y deserción escolar, en los y las estudiantes de la Escuela de Educación Básica “Domingo Faustino Sarmiento”, la misma que tiene como metas, determinar de qué manera influye la mediación pedagógica de Reuven Feurestein en la deserción de los y las estudiantes; así como establecer los factores que inciden para que los estudiantes abandonen la Institución, a su vez conceptualizar componentes, características de la mediación pedagóg...

  3. La agresividad infantil y su influencia en el rendimiento académico de los alumnos con déficit de atención del 6° grado de educación primaria de la I.E. N° 20230 - Domingo Mandamiento Sipán - UGEL N° 09 - Huaura

    OpenAIRE

    Ventocilla Rojas, Juan Andrés

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación estudia la agresividad infantil y su influencia en el rendimiento académico de los alumnos de 6 a 12 años con déficit de atención, del nivel primaria en la Institución Domingo Mandamiento Sipán periodo 2012. El tipo de investigación es básica, conocida como pura o fundamental. El nivel de investigación es descriptiva, correlacional negativa, por el grado de dependencia y relación de las variables. El método de estudio que se empleo fue el método hipotético...

  4. Representações sociais da homeopatia: uma revisão de estudos produzidos no Estado do Espírito Santo Social representations of homeopathy: a revision of studies produced in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Túlio Alberto Martins de Figueiredo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo buscou colocar em revista as investigações sobre as representações da homeopatia no cenário capixaba. Trata-se da análise de seis trabalhos até então produzidos nesse recorte, explorando tais representações entre os profissionais de saúde (gestores, médicos, cirurgiões-dentistas, farmacêuticos e enfermeiros e a comunidade. No tocante à comunidade, um estudo reportou-se à sociedade em geral e outro a usuários. Ambos, no entanto, representaram a homeopatia com a idéia de tratamento natural ou fitoterápico, que se presta essencialmente para controlar ou curar alergias e outras doenças consideradas leves. No que diz respeito aos profissionais de saúde, todos os estudos, à exceção de um, reportaram-se aos alopatas. Entre esses alopatas, excetuando-se os farmacêuticos, as idéias circulantes sobre a homeopatia foram idênticas às da comunidade. A homeopatia enquanto especialidade , é um fenômeno social gerador de representações que circulam e se transformam em uma determinada sociedade. Nosso estudo considera que todos os equívocos a respeito das idéias circulantes sobre a homeopatia na comunidade e no meio científico capixaba são reminiscências históricas que remontam à chegada dessa especialidade no Brasil, perpetuadas pela sua ausência na maioria dos projetos político-pedagógicos locais dos cursos de formação em saúde.This study attempts to survey the investigations about the representations of homeopathy on the State of Espírito Santo scene. The point of departure was an analysis of six studies of the kind, in which the subjects were professionals acting in the area of health and community members. One of the six studies surveyed society as a whole and a second one focused on users of homeopathic medicaments. Yet both groups of respondents represented homeopathy as natural or phytotherapic treatment, essentially directed to controlling or curing allergy and other diseases which were

  5. Seed dispersal of Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae in the Linhares Forest, Espírito Santo state, Brazil Dispersão de sementes de Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae na Floresta de Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    João Vasconcellos-Neto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse seed dispersal and establishment of Solanum thomasiifolium in an area of "nativo" vegetation in Espirito Santo state on the southeastern Brazilian coast. Ten species of birds, the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous, and one species of lizard (Tropidurus torquatus fed on S. thomasiifolium fruits and dispersed viable seeds in their faeces. The proportional contribution of each of these groups to seed dispersal was 77% (birds, 19% (crab-eating fox and 4% (lizards. Ants also contributed to seed dispersal. More seeds were deposited in vegetation islands than in the surrounding open areas. Germination rates of seeds collected directly from fruit (control, bird droppings, the faeces of crab-eating foxes and lizards were, respectively, 64, 64, 53, and 80 %. Differences among these rates were all significant, except between birds and control. Lizards were important as seed carriers between nearby islands and they expelled a higher proportion of viable seeds. Birds and the crab-eating foxes did not enhance seed germination, but promoted seed dispersal over a wider area. Plant architecture, fruit productivity, fruit characteristics and the diversity of frugivores are important for the success of S. thomasiifolium in habitat colonization.O propósito deste estudo foi analisar a dispersão de sementes e o estabelecimento de Solanum thomasiifolium em uma área de vegetação de "nativo" no Estado do Espírito Santo, na costa do sudeste do Brasil. Dez espécies de aves, o cachorro-do-mato (Cerdocyon thous e uma espécie de lagarto (Tropidurus torquatus alimentaram-se de frutos de S. thomasiifolium e dispersaram sementes viáveis em suas fezes. A contribuição proporcional de cada um destes grupos na dispersão de sementes foi de 77% para aves, 19% para o cachorro-do-mato e 4% para o lagarto. Formigas também contribuíram com a dispersão de sementes. Mais sementes foram depositadas nas ilhas de vegetação do que nas

  6. Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre estudantes de odontologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Psychoactive substance use among Espírito Santo Federal University odontology students

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    Renata Frossard Teixeira

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é traçar o perfil do uso de substâncias psicoativas entre os universitários do curso de odontologia do Centro de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, desenvolvido com universitários do primeiro ao último ano do curso de odontologia. O instrumento utilizado na coleta de dados é uma adaptação do proposto pela OMS e desenvolvido pela WHO - Research and Reporting Project on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados através do Programa Statistical Package for the Social Science. 60,3% dos universitários são do sexo feminino, 48,9% se encontram na faixa etária de 20 a 22 anos e 41,3% e 43,7% pertencem à classe social A e B, respectivamente. Quanto ao uso de substâncias psicoativas, 72,4% fizeram uso na vida de alguma substância, exceto álcool e tabaco; 25,9% fizeram uso de solventes, 13,2% uso de maconha, 10,9%, de anfetamínicos, 27%, de tabaco e 87,9%, de álcool. Faz-se necessário a prevenção do uso indevido de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários, através da abordagem dessa temática no currículo acadêmico e da criação de programas específicos para universitários.The objective of this article is to trace the psychoactive substance use profile among odontology college students from the Espírito Santo Federal University Health Sciences Center. It is an explorative, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study developed with first to last year college students of the odontology course. The instrument used for data collection was an adaptation of one proposed by WHO and developed by WHO - Research and Reporting Project on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Data were listed and analyzed through the Statistical Package Program for the Social Science. The results showed that 60.3% colleges student are female, 48.9% age between 20 and 22 years, 41

  7. Estudo clínico-patológico do pilomatrixoma palpebral: experiência no hospital universitário Prof. Edgard Santos Clinicopathologic study of eyelid pilomatrixoma: the experience of the "Hospital Universitário Prof. Edgard Santos"

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    Eduardo Ferrari Marback

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência com pilomatrixoma palpebral no Hospital Universitário Profº. Edgard Santos, em período de 30 anos. MÉTODOS: Revisão no Registro do Laboratório de Patologia Ocular, de todos os casos de tumores palpebrais no período de 1974 a 2004. Após a identificação dos casos de pilomatrixoma, foram coletados dados referentes a gênero, idade, tempo de sintomatologia, aspecto, localização e suspeita diagnóstica inicial. As lâminas coradas pela hematoxilina e eosina foram revisadas. RESULTADOS: Dentre os 621 casos de tumores palpebrais, quatro eram de pilomatrixoma (0,64%. Três pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A idade média foi de 25 anos, variando de 8 a 54. O tempo de sintomatologia médio foi de cinco meses, variando de 2 a 12. Em três casos a lesão localizava-se na pálpebra inferior. Em apenas um caso o diagnóstico clínico foi correto. Ao exame anatomopatológico, dois casos apresentavam pseudocápsula. O caso cuja sintomatologia foi mais prolongada exibia predominância de células do tipo fantasma. Reação tipo corpo estranho foi vista em todos os casos, calcificação em apenas um. CONCLUSÕES: Trata-se de tumor benigno bastante raro, acometendo principalmente jovens. Devido a sua raridade e pleomorfismo à apresentação, dificilmente o diagnóstico clínico é correto.PURPOSE: To report the experience with eyelid pilomatrixoma during 30 years in a university hospital. METHODS: A review of the Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory at the "Hospital Universitario Prof. Edgard Santos", was conducted to identify eyelid tumor cases from 1974 to 2004. After identification of pilomatrixoma cases, a chart review retrieved data regarding gender, age, duration of symptoms, gross aspect, anatomic localization and clinical diagnosis. The hematoxilin and eosin stained sections were reviewed. RESULTS: Of a total of 621 eyelid tumors, four (0.64% were pilomatrixomas. Three patients were male. The mean age at diagnosis

  8. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Alcohol and tobacco use among Psychology students at the Federal University of Espírito Santo

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    Marcos Vinícius Ferreira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de álcool e tabaco entre universitários do curso de graduação em Psicologia do Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A população estudada foi de alunos matriculados no referido curso no segundo semestre do ano de 2010, constituindo uma amostra de 221 estudantes. O questionário utilizado foi o mesmo utilizado no I Levantamento Nacional entre Universitários, proposto pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos estudantes era solteira (90,1%, do sexo feminino (81%, estava na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (81%, era da raça/cor caucasoide/branca (57,5% e 55% referiram pertencer às classes econômicas B1 e B2. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de álcool (85,07% e tabaco (33,07% na frequência uso na vida, sendo o uso de álcool maior que na população geral. As substâncias associadas ao uso de álcool na vida foram a maconha (p-valor = 0,007, os tranquilizantes (p = 0,011 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,045. Já para o uso de tabaco na vida, as substâncias mais associadas foram a maconha (p = 0,0001, os inalantes (p = 0,0001, os alucinógenos (p = 0,0001 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: É necessária maior abordagem nos currículos de graduação, especialmente da Psicologia, sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoativas e seus impactos para o indivíduo, a família e a sociedade, bem como a criação de programas preventivos específicos para estudantes universitários.OBJECTIVE: Profiling the use of alcohol and tobacco among the undergraduate students of Psychology at the Center for Human and Natural Sciences of Federal University of Espírito Santo. METHODS: The study population were students enrolled in the second semester of 2010 in the psychology undergraduate, comprising a sample of 221 students. The questionnaire used was the same

  9. Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários de medicina da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo Psychoactive substance use among Medicine students from Espirito Santo Federal University

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    Denis Soprani Pereira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de substâncias psicoativas entre os universitários do Curso de Medicina do Centro de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, desenvolvido com 168 universitários, do primeiro ao último ano do curso de medicina. O instrumento utilizado na coleta de dados foi o Questionário sobre o Uso de Drogas, uma adaptação do questionário proposto pela OMS¹. Os dados foram tabulados por meio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS². RESULTADOS: Ao todo, 54,8% dos universitários são do sexo feminino, 76,8% se encontram na faixa etária de 17 a 22 anos e 50% pertencem à classe social B. Quanto ao uso de substâncias psicoativas, 86,9% relataram uso na vida de álcool, seguido de tabaco (22,0%, solventes (15,5%, anfetaminas (10,1%, cannabis sativa (9,5%, alucinógenos com 1,8% e barbitúricos com 0,6%. CONCLUSÃO: Faz-se necessária a prevenção do uso indevido de substâncias psicoativas entre universitários, por meio de disciplinas curriculares que abordem a temática e de programas de prevenção destinados a essa população.OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the psychoactive substances used among the college students from the Medicine course in the Center of Health Sciences in, Espirito Santo Federal University. METHODS: It is a exploratory, descriptive, transversal and quantitative study developed within 168 college students of Medicine from the first to the last year of the course. The instrument used to collect data was the Questionnaire on Drug Abuse, an adaptation from the questionnaire proposed by WHO¹. The data had been tabulated through the Social Science Program Statistical Package (SPSS². RESULTS: Overall, 54.8% of the college students are females, 76.8%, from 17 to 22 years and 50% belonging to social class "B". As for the use of psychoactive substances, a high

  10. Avaliação ergonômica do ambiente de trabalho em marcenarias no sul do Espírito Santo Ergonomic analysis in joinery workplaces in the south of Espírito Santo

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    Nilton Cesar Fiedler

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa foi realizada em marcenarias do Sul do Espírito Santo, com o objetivo de avaliar os fatores do ambiente de trabalho. A coleta de dados foi feita de agosto de 2006 a julho de 2007, em três marcenarias, analisando-se as condições de clima, níveis de ruído, iluminância, vibração, gases, fuligens e poeira. Foi aplicado um questionário semiestruturado para avaliar as condições humanas e de saúde do trabalhador, a segurança e as condições gerais de trabalho. Os resultados indicaram que o Índice de Bulbo Úmido e Termômetro de Globo (IBUTG estavam de acordo com a Norma Regulamentadora n° 15 (atividade moderada, com o mínimo de 25,45 °C às 8 h e o máximo de 26,92 °C às 10 h. Os maiores níveis de ruído foram encontrados no traçador (94,79 dB(A, na tupia (88,9 dB(A, na serra circular (88,66 dB(A, na desempenadeira (88,35 dB(A e na desengrossadeira (88,01dB(A. A iluminância não estava de acordo com os mínimos necessários estabelecidos pela NBR 5413/92, com níveis variando de 304,41 a 1.301,19 lux. Através dos questionários, foi unânime o descontentamento dos marceneiros quanto aos riscos a que estão expostos.This research was carried out in joineries in the South of Espírito Santo to evaluate workplace conditions. Data was colleted in three different joineries from August of 2006 to July of 2007, analyzing climate, noise level, light conditions, vibration, gases, soot and dust at the workplace. A questionnaire was given to evaluate workers´ health conditions, safety and general conditions at work. The results showed that the Index of Humid Bulb and Globe Thermometer (IBUTG was in accordance with NR 15, with a minimum of 25.45°C at 08:00 a.m. and a maximum of 26.92°C at 10:00 a.m. The highest noise levels were found for the cutter (94.79 dB(A, shaper (88.9 dB(A, buzz saw (88.66 dB(A, smoother (88.35 dB(A and planer (88.01dB(A. Light conditions were not in accordance with NBR 5413/92, with levels varying

  11. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in papaya plantations of Espírito Santo and Bahia, Brazil Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em pomares de mamoeiro do Espírito Santo e Bahia no Brasil

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    Aldo Vilar Trindade

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to obtain knowledge on arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM associations in papaya (Caricapapaya, L. in field soils and nursery conditions. Sixty seven soil and root samples were taken in February and May of 1996, from 47 commercial plantations in the North of Espirito Santo State and the West and South of Bahia State, in Brazil. Samples were used for direct spore counts, root colonization assessment and for trap culture with Sorghumbicolor (L. Moench and Crotalariajuncea L. Additional sampling was done in commercial nurseries to evaluate mycorrhizal colonization. Although papaya cropping systems are usually under high input of fertilizers and pesticides, papaya roots showed considerable arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM colonization, ranging from 6% to 83%. Colonization rates were most influenced by available soil P, correlated positively with percentage of sand and soil pH, but correlated negatively with soil clay content. AM colonization of nursery seedlings was very low in most samples. Field spore numbers varied from 34 to 444/30g of soil. All Glomerales families were represented and 24 fungal species identified. Glomusetunicatum, Paraglomusoccultum, Acaulosporascrobiculata and Gigaspora sp. were the most common species.O trabalho objetivou a obtenção de conhecimento sobre a associação micorrízica arbuscular (MA em mamoeiro (Carica papaya, L. em condições de pomar e viveiro. Sessenta e sete amostras de solo e raízes foram coletadas em quarenta e sete pomares comerciais nos meses de fevereiro e maio de 1996, abrangendo o Norte do Espírito Santo e o Oeste e Sul da Bahia. Amostras foram usadas para contagem direta de esporos, avaliação da colonização radicular e para cultivo armadilha com Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench e Crotalariajuncea (L.. Amostragens adicionais foram feitas em viveiros comerciais, para avaliar a colonização micorrízica. Embora os sistemas de cultivo do mamoeiro recebam grande quantidade de insumos na

  12. Nest descriptions of Megalopta aegis (Vachal and M. guimaraesi Santos & Silveira (Hymenoptera, Halictidae from the Brazilian Cerrado Descrição dos ninhos de Megalopta aegis (Vachal e M. guimaraesi Santos & Silveira (Hymenoptera, Halictidae do Cerrado

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    Leandro M. Santos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available We present the first data on the nesting biology of Megalopta aegis and M. guimaraesi from southeastern Brazil. Nests were collected in the Área de Proteção Ambiental Água Limpa, Bauru, São Paulo state. Our data suggest that nest architecture is conserved throughout all species of Megalopta. Two nests of M. guimaraesi consisted of a single female with brood. Of three M. aegis nests, two contained single females with brood and the third nest contained three adult females, with three times more brood than any single female nest. This observation suggests that social behavior in M. aegis is facultative, as known for other Megalopta species.Apresentamos os primeiros registros da biologia de nidificação de Megalopta aegis (Vachal e de M. guimaraesi Santos & Silveira, do sudeste do Brasil. Os ninhos foram coletados na Área de Proteção Ambiental Água Limpa, Bauru, estado de São Paulo. Os dados sugerem que a arquitetura do ninho em Megalopta seja conservada entre suas espécies. Dois ninhos de M. guimaraesi continham apenas uma única fêmea com imaturos. Dos três ninhos de M. aegis, dois possuíam uma única fêmea com imaturos e o terceiro ninho continha três fêmeas adultas com três vezes mais imaturos do que nos ninhos com apenas uma fêmea. Essa observação sugere que o comportamento social em M. aegis seja facultativo, semelhante a outras espécies de Megalopta.

  13. Well pressure and rate history match in numerical reservoir simulator in Santos Basin gas wells; Ajuste automatizado de testes de formacao e de producao no simulador numerico de reservatorios de pocos de gas na Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xavier, Alexandre Monticuco [Petroleo Brasileiro, S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    This paper describes a methodology and shows some results from an automated adjust of the numerical reservoir simulation model accomplished during Drill Steam Test (DST - before the completion of the well) and a Production Test (PT - after completion of the well) in a gas field HPHT (High Pressure High Temperature) horizontal well in Santos Basin. The achievement of these tests in the numerical reservoir simulator is very useful in the characterization of reservoir properties in different areas of reservoir, mainly in regions without data from basic petrophysics (cores and sidewall cores). The adjust of the drill steam test and production test can support the characterization of the test drainage area and forecast the well potential before and after the well completion including these effects in the simulation model. These effects can show a reasonable reduction in production of this well, confirming the importance of these data inside of the simulation model. Between the period of the drill steam test and production test, the well was temporarily abandoned with drilling fluid providing a reduction in their potential. The results of these adjusts respect the bottom hole pressures and observed gas rates showing the consistency of the analysis. The achievement of these tests provides adjust of many reservoir properties: horizontal and vertical permeabilities (during the DST) and the well effective length and skin (during the PT). These tools demonstrate to be relevant and robust to achieve these adjusts and easy application considering lots of variables. The parallel processing had a substantial functions in this job, because the large number of simulation made. (author)

  14. PROMOVER (PROMOTE) - A participative methodology in socio-environmental project formation and management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Edison; Danciguer, Lucilene; Virginio, Geraldo; Del Carlo, Sylene

    2010-09-15

    We present a program's findings in socio-environmental sustainable development (PROMOVER), implemented by GAIA/Shell Brasil partnership. Benefited communities were leaders in artisanal fisher communities, governmental and non-governmental organizations within Shell influence areas, at Rio de Janeiro and Espirito Santo states, Brazil. The main objective is to improve its economic activities in sustainable way. The program consisted of formation on socio-environmental project elaboration, follow-up and seminar presentation. It was an interactive and dynamic training, in which leaders discussed the importance of social entrepreneurship, citizen organizations, and the establishment of networks aimed to sustainable development. Community leaders concluded 10 projects, one was awarded.

  15. PROMOVER (PROMOTE) - A participative methodology in socio-environmental project formation and management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Edison; Danciguer, Lucilene; Virginio, Geraldo; Del Carlo, Sylene

    2010-09-15

    We present a program's findings in socio-environmental sustainable development (PROMOVER), implemented by GAIA/Shell Brasil partnership. Benefited communities were leaders in artisanal fisher communities, governmental and non-governmental organizations within Shell influence areas, at Rio de Janeiro and Espirito Santo states, Brazil. The main objective is to improve its economic activities in sustainable way. The program consisted of formation on socio-environmental project elaboration, follow-up and seminar presentation. It was an interactive and dynamic training, in which leaders discussed the importance of social entrepreneurship, citizen organizations, and the establishment of networks aimed to sustainable development. Community leaders concluded 10 projects, one was awarded.

  16. Impacto dos Royalties do Petróleo no PIB Per Capita dos Municípios do Estado do Espírito Santo, BrasilOil Royalties Effects on the Per Capita GDP in the cities of Espirito Santo, BrazilEl Impacto de los Royalties del Petróleo en el PIB Per Capita de los Municipios del Estado de Espírito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RIBEIRO, Edivan Guidote

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOIdentificar os impactos que a política pública provoca na economia é essencial para a sua formulação e para o direcionamento da aplicação dos recursos financeiros auferidos pelo Estado. Este trabalho estuda a política pública brasileira de royalties de petróleo e gás natural e tem como objetivo identificar os efeitos das receitas de royalties dos governos municipais do Estado do Espírito Santo, no PIB per capita dos respectivos municípios. Os dados utilizados neste estudo correspondem aos 78 municípios de que se compõe o Estado, entre os anos de 1999 e 2004. Por meio de um modelo estatístico de dados em painel equilibrado, procedeu-se à estimação do modelo para sua efetiva análise. Os resultados mostraram que não há evidências dos impactos dessas políticas no PIB per capita nos municípios do Espírito Santo.ABSTRACTThe identification of the economical effects of public policies is essential for the formulation of such policies, as well as for the adequate allocation of the financial resources obtained by the government. The present work studies the Brazilian public policies regarding oil and natural gas royalties. Its main goal is to uncover the effects of royalties’ revenues on the per capita GDP at the city level in the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil. The data correspond to the 78 cities comprising the Brazilian state, from 1999 to 2004. An econometric model, using balanced panel data, was used to estimate the effects. The results indicate that there is no evidence of impact of these public policies on the per capita GDP of the cities of Espirito Santo.RESUMENLa identificación de los impactos que la política pública produce en la economía es esencial para su formulación y para orientar la aplicación de los recursos financieros obtenidos por el estado. Este trabajo estudia la política pública brasileña de los royalties del petróleo y del gas natural y tiene la finalidad de identificar los efectos del

  17. Stellar formation

    CERN Document Server

    Reddish, V C

    1978-01-01

    Stellar Formation brings together knowledge about the formation of stars. In seeking to determine the conditions necessary for star formation, this book examines questions such as how, where, and why stars form, and at what rate and with what properties. This text also considers whether the formation of a star is an accident or an integral part of the physical properties of matter. This book consists of 13 chapters divided into two sections and begins with an overview of theories that explain star formation as well as the state of knowledge of star formation in comparison to stellar structure

  18. Evaluation of Ra, Th, K and radium equivalent activity in sand samples from Camburi Beach, Vitoria, Espirito Santos, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Livia F.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: lfbarros@ipen.br, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Camburi beach, in the city of Vitoria, Espirito Santo State. Brazil, is a naturally high background region in Brazil. The beach sands contain monazite, ilmenite and other accessory minerals rich in {sup 226}Ra, {sup 23}'2Th and {sup 40}K. As these radionuclides are the main natural contributors to external exposure from gamma rays, the knowledge of the sands radioactivity content plays an important role in radiation protection. In this work, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K activities concentrations, together with the radium equivalent activity, Ra{sub eq.} were determined in some selected sand samples from a single location at Camburi beach, known for the high level of radioactivity. The sand samples collected monthly from January to December 2011, were dried and sealed in standard 100 mL HPDE polyethylene flasks and measured by high resolution gamma-spectrometry after a 4 weeks ingrowth period, in order to allow the secular equilibrium in the {sup 238}U and {sup 23}'2Th series. Preliminary results, without considering samples self-attenuation, show activities concentrations in the range from 12 {+-} 1 Bq kg{sup -1} to 1022 {+-} 30 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra, 35 {+-} 1 Bq kg{sup -1} to 5731 {+-} 134 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 232}Th and 18 {+-} 4 Bqkg{sup -1} to 430 {+-} 21 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 40}K. The Ra{sub eq}, presented values ranging from 63 Bq kg{sup -1} to 9250 Bq kg{sup -1}. (author)

  19. Hepatitis virus and hepatocellular carcinoma in Brazil: a report from the State of Espírito Santo

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    Patrícia Lofêgo Gonçalves

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Few studies have examined hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC in Brazil, and the incidence and risk factors for this type of malignancy vary greatly geographically. In this paper, we report several risk factors associated with HCC diagnosed at the University Hospital in Vitória, ES, Brazil. Methods We reviewed 274 cases of HCC (January 1993 to December 2011 in which hepatitis B (HBV and C (HCV virus infection and chronic alcoholism were investigated. A diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma was confirmed by histology or by the presence of a characteristic pattern on imaging. Results HCC with associated liver cirrhosis was noted in 85.4% of cases. The mean ages of men and women were 56.6 years and 57.5 years, respectively. The male-to-female ratio was 5.8:1. Associated risk factors included the following: HBV, 37.6% (alone, 23.4%; associated with chronic alcoholism, 14.2%; HCV, 22.6% (alone, 13.5%; associated with chronic alcoholism, 9.1%, chronic alcoholism, 17.1%, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, 2.6% and cryptogenic, 19.3%. The male-to-female ratio was higher in cases associated with HBV or chronic alcoholism compared with HCV-associated or cryptogenic cases. In 40 cases without associated cirrhosis, the male-to-female ratio and mean age were lower than those in cirrhosis-associated cases. Conclusions These results demonstrate that the main risk factor associated with HCC in the State of Espírito Santo is HBV. Chronic alcoholism is an important etiological factor, alone or in association with HBV or HCV infection.

  20. Galaxy formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silk, J.; Di Cintio, A.; Dvorkin, I.

    2014-01-01

    Galaxy formation is at the forefront of observation and theory in cosmology. An improved understanding is essential for improving our knowledge both of the cosmological parameters, of the contents of the universe, and of our origins. In these lectures intended for graduate students, galaxy formation theory is reviewed and confronted with recent observational issues. In lecture 1, the following topics are presented: star formation considerations, including IMF, star formation efficiency and star formation rate, the origin of the galaxy luminosity function, and feedback in dwarf galaxies. In lecture 2, we describe formation of disks and massive spheroids, including the growth of supermassive black holes, negative feedback in spheroids, the AGN-star formation connection, star formation rates at high redshift and the baryon fraction in galaxies.

  1. Informatização da rede de bibliotecas da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Santos – SP Informatización de la red de bibliotecas de la Secretaría Municipal de Educación de Santos - SP.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Souza Nunes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata o processo de informatização da rede de Bibliotecas da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Santos – SP (SEDUC, bem como a implantação do Personal Home Library – PHL82, que é uma aplicação Web, especialmente desenvolvida para administração de coleções e serviços de bibliotecas e centros de informações. A rede é composta de uma biblioteca central e 40 bibliotecas escolares, do 1° ao 9° ano do ensino fundamental, educação especial, educação de jovens e adultos (EJA e ensino técnico profissionalizante. Considera que a implantação do sistema coloca as bibliotecas escolares da Secretaria Municipal de Santos nos moldes de importantes instituições de pesquisa do país, possibilitando a formação de uma rede de informação bibliográfica escolar da Prefeitura de Santos.

  2. Los hijos de la Xica que Manda: El laberinto de la soledad de Octavio Paz en Fe en disfraz de Mayra Santos-Febres

    OpenAIRE

    Maddox, John

    2017-01-01

    En la novela Fe en disfraz (2009), Mayra Santos-Febres ha reescrito El laberinto de la soledad (1950) de Octavio Paz en un espacio transnacional que incluye Estados Unidos, Brasil, Puerto Rico y Venezuela para hacer el estudio de la esclavitud y la identidad afro-latinoamericana pagano, corpóreo, visceral y político. Su protagonista, la historiadora Fe, tiene relaciones al estilo kink con su colega y empleado Martín cada Noche de Brujas. En estos encuentros, Fe se viste de la brasileña esclav...

  3. "Católico, de coração!" Um Wild Geese no Santo Ofício de Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Antônio Iglesias Magalhães

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo investiga o processo inquisitorial do católico irlandês Robert Walters que, após servir aos ingleses na ilha de São Cristóvão, no Caribe, apresentou-se ao Santo Ofício de Lisboa, em 1631. O jovem, que seguiria para lutar contra os neerlandeses no Brasil, reflete na sua trajetória as contradições inerentes aos sentimentos religiosos da sua época, submetidos aos objetivos das políticas nacionais e mercantis da Era Moderna.

  4. Evaluación participativa: filosofía de intervención colaborativa en la Iniciativa Urban Murcia. Espíritu Santo

    OpenAIRE

    Verde Mártín, Carmen María; Martínez Gómez, Rosa

    2013-01-01

    El Ayuntamiento de Murcia está desarrollando, en el marco de la política de Cohesión de la UE, el proyecto de Iniciativa Urbana. "URBAN Espíritu Santo", destinado a la regeneración socioeconómica de una barriada desfavorecida de la periferia de la ciudad. En la zona residen unas 4000 personas -un 25% de etnia gitana-, y ha sufrido una degradación progresiva como consecuencia del bajo nivel educativo, actividad económica marginal y otras. El proyecto, adoptando la cultura como elemento innovad...

  5. Um exame das potencialidades e limitações da estrutura logística como fator de competitividade para o Estado do Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    de França Paz, Mivaldo

    2003-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo diagnosticar o potencial logístico do Estado do Espírito Santo, sob a ótica dos maiores interessados no desenvolvimento do setor, A partir da identificação dos pontos fortes e os gargalos dos segmentos logísticos, bem como as oportunidades ainda não exploradas de cada modal e segmento logístico. Principais interessados no desenvolvimento do potencial logístico do Estado: Operadores Logísticos Quem operacionaliza a logística. Usuários de...

  6. The Study on the Lives and Health Conditions of Internees in Santo Thomas Camp of Philippines - Based on McAnlis’s (1941-1945 -

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jueyeon LEE

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929. However, it was an unsanitary environment in a dense space, so it could not prevent endemic diseases such as dysentery and dengue fever. With the expansion of the war in Japan, prisoners in the Shanghai and Philippine prisons were not provided with medicines, cures and food for healing diseases. In May 1944, the Japanese military ordered the prisoners to reduce their ration. The war starting in September 1944, internees received 1000 kcal of food per day, and since January 1945, they received less than 800 kcal of food. This was the lowest level of food rationing in Japan’s civilian prison camps. They suffered beriberi from malnutrition, and other endemic diseases. An averaged 24 kg was lost by adult men due to food shortages, and 10 percent of the 390 deaths were directly attributable to starvation. The doctors demanded food increases. The Japanese Military forced the prisoner to worship the emperor and doctors not to record malnourishment as the cause of death. During the period, the prisoners suffered from psychosomatic symptoms such as headache, diarrhea, acute inflammation, excessive smoking, and alcoholism also occurred. Thus, the San Thomas camp had many difficulties in terms of nutrition, hygiene and medical care. The Japanese military had unethical and careless medical practices in the absence of medicines. Dr. McAnlis and missionary

  7. The Study on the Lives and Health Conditions of Internees in Santo Thomas Camp of Philippines - Based on McAnlis's The War in Manila (1941-1945).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jueyeon; Cho, Youngsoo

    2017-08-01

    When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929). However, it was an unsanitary environment in a dense space, so it could not prevent endemic diseases such as dysentery and dengue fever. With the expansion of the war in Japan, prisoners in the Shanghai and Philippine prisons were not provided with medicines, cures and food for healing diseases. In May 1944, the Japanese military ordered the prisoners to reduce their ration. The war starting in September 1944, internees received 1000 kcal of food per day, and since January 1945, they received less than 800 kcal of food. This was the lowest level of food rationing in Japan's civilian prison camps. They suffered beriberi from malnutrition, and other endemic diseases. An averaged 24 kg was lost by adult men due to food shortages, and 10 percent of the 390 deaths were directly attributable to starvation. The doctors demanded food increases. The Japanese Military forced the prisoner to worship the emperor and doctors not to record malnourishment as the cause of death. During the period, the prisoners suffered from psychosomatic symptoms such as headache, diarrhea, acute inflammation, excessive smoking, and alcoholism also occurred. Thus, the San Thomas camp had many difficulties in terms of nutrition, hygiene and medical care. The Japanese military had unethical and careless medical practices in the absence of medicines. Dr. McAnlis and missionary doctors handled a lot

  8. Evidence of contamination by oil and oil products in the Santos-São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Souza Azevedo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Different components of the mixed function oxidase (MFO system and the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile (FACs were measured in Cathorops spixii in order to assess the impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs. Fish were sampled in an estuary (Santos/São Vicente with a history of contamination by PAHs, mainly due to the presence of the industrial complex of Cubatão city and of another of low anthropogenic influence (Cananéia on the Brazilian coast. FACs were higher in fish from the polluted site, and the PAH 5 and 6-ring metabolites were the most frequent - with 14% and 15%, respectively. Levels of the different components of the MFO system showed the same variation profile as the FACs for both estuaries. Therefore, the values found for somatic indexes and biomarkers with data of bile PAH metabolites indicate the presence of organic contaminants, especially in the area subject to the influence of the industrial complex on the Santos/São Vicente estuary.Diferentes componentes do sistema oxidase de função mista (MFO e os níveis de compostos aromáticos fluorescentes em bile (FACS foram determinados em Cathorops spixii a fim de avaliar o impacto de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (PAHs. Os peixes foram coletados em um estuário com histórico de contaminação por PAHs (Santos/São Vicente, devido principalmente a presença do complexo industrial na cidade de Cubatão e em outro com baixa influência antropogênica (Cananéia na costa brasileira. FACs foram maiores nos peixes oriundos da área contaminada, sendo os metabolitos de HPAs com 5 e 6 anéis, os mais representativos com 14% e 15%, respectivamente. Os níveis dos diferentes componentes do sistema MFO mostraram o mesmo perfil de variação que os FACs em ambos os estuários. Portanto, os valores encontrados para os índices somáticos e os biomarcadores considerados, em associação com os dados de metabólitos biliares de PAHs, indicam a presença de

  9. La actividad cafetalera en Los Santos: diagnóstico para un análisis de los medios de vida en la agrocadena. (SDT 002_2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Valenciano Salazar, Jorge Andrey

    2008-01-01

    El presente documento pretende presentar una visión general sobre la Región de Los Santos (específicamente los cantones de Tarrazú, Dota y León Cortes) desde el punto de vista económico, institucional y ambiental; todos estos aspectos en relación al cultivo del café, el cual es el cultivo predominante en la región. El objetivo de este cuaderno de trabajo es presentar un diagnostico general sobre las presiones sufridas por las familias cafetaleras de la región, específicamente: plagas, ...

  10. Desenvolvimento economico local em Porto Alegre e Santo Andre : um estudo sobre o papel das administrações municipais frente ao mainstream politico e academico conservador

    OpenAIRE

    Kleyferson Porto de Araujo

    2004-01-01

    Resumo:Esta dissertação tem por objetivo estudar como as políticas de desenvolvimento econômico local de dois importantes municípios brasileiros, governados por partidos de esquerda, estão se comportando frente ao mainstream político e acadêmico conservador, configurado pelo Banco Mundial. Para tanto, foram descritas e analisadas as políticas de desenvolvimento econômico local propostas pelo Banco Mundial e pelas administrações municipais de Porto Alegre e de Santo André. Inicialmente, são di...

  11. Estudo dos efluentes gerados no processo de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais em Santo Antônio de Pádua/RJ

    OpenAIRE

    Ramiris Petrilho Silveira; Vicente de Paulo Santos de Oliveira; Sérgio Luis Vieira do Carmo

    2016-01-01

    A região noroeste fluminense conta com um importante arranjo produtivo local no setor de beneficiamento de rochas ornamentais e de revestimento. Essa atividade é responsável por boa parte da renda local, empregando muitas pessoas. O principal produtor da região é o município de Santo Antônio de Pádua/RJ, que possui 154 empresas (78 pedreiras e 76 serrarias). A grande atividade de extração e beneficiamento das rochas vem causando na região problemas ambientais, pois durante as etapas de produç...

  12. El modelo universitario europeo en Asia: la universidad de Santo Tomás de Manila (1611) y la civilización filipina

    OpenAIRE

    Donoso Jiménez, Isaac

    2008-01-01

    La introducción del modelo universitario europeo en Asia se produjo a finales del siglo XVI por medio de la doctrina dominica en el Archipiélago Filipino, teniendo como pilar fundamental el desarrollo de la imprenta tipográfica. En 1611 se dará carta de naturaleza a la Universidad de Santo Tomás, considerada como la primera universidad de Asia, que desarrollará una labor determinante en la definición moderna del concepto de Civilización Filipina. The introduction of the European university...

  13. El comercio como plataforma de la política exterior colombiana en la administración de Juan Manuel Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Vargas-Alzate

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Colombia's foreign policy during the first year of the Santos administration from a liberal perspective. It explores the relation between the country's international commerce and its diplomatic actions by using statistical data and official and academic reports about the contemporary international relations. The authors argue that the commercial liberalism is a useful perspective for the analysis of Colombia's current foreign policy, especially by using the concept of the capitalist peace because the authors have found in commerce a basic platform for the country's international relations.

  14. Caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Myriam Soraya Suárez R.; Ana María Jiménez C.

    2013-01-01

    Los estudios sobre el perfil de los estudiantes universitarios se han llevado a cabo permanentemente, debido a que las universidades requieren saber con qué estudiantes cuentan y cómo estos requieren ser formados, de acuerdo con las necesidades actua - les del mercado laboral y las necesidades sociales del contexto en el cual se encuentran inmersos. Esta investigación sobre la caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo...

  15. Evolución histórica del territorio de Santo Adriano y génesis del poblamiento medieval

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Javier FERNÁNDEZ CONDE; María Antonia PEDREGAL MONTES

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: Descripción geográfica del territorio de Santo Adriano, cuyos límites coinciden con los del municipio del mismo nombre, en las Asturias centrales: un valle fluvial con zonas de media montaña, perteneciente a la Zona Cantábrica, en el que abunda la "caliza de montaña". Los primeros indicios de poblamiento llegan hasta el paleolítico medio y superior con habitat en varias cuevas, de cuya época se conservan grabados en roca. Está configurado por un sistema de pequeños castros, con sus r...

  16. Alfabetização no Espírito Santo: o método mútuo ou monitorial

    OpenAIRE

    Gontijo,Cláudia Maria Mendes

    2011-01-01

    Este texto tem por finalidade analisar o Regimento Interno das Aulas Publicas de 1.as Letras da Província do Espírito Santo e o método de ensino da leitura e da escrita concretizado nesse Regimento. Para desenvolvimento do estudo, utilizamos a pesquisa documental. O artigo conclui que o uso do método mútuo possibilitou a permanência de modelos tradicionais de ensino da leitura e da escrita baseados no estudo sistemático das letras, das sílabas, da frase e, finalmente, da leitura de textos rel...

  17. HIV infection and related risk behaviors in a community of recyclable waste collectors of Santos, Brazil Infección por HIV y comportamiento de riesgo relacionados con colectores de basura de Santos, Brasil Infecção por HIV e comportamentos de risco relacionados em coletores de lixo de Santos, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Abrahão Rozman

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis and to describe risk behaviors associated to their transmission among recyclable waste collectors. METHODS: A seroepidemiological survey was carried out in the city of Santos, Southeastern Brazil, in 2005. A total of 315 individuals were enrolled in the survey, of which 253 subjects underwent serological testing HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis. Statistical analysis consisted of univariate and bivariate analyses (cross-tabulation and odds ratio and multivariate analysis (by logistic regression, relating HIV infection with established risk behaviors and seropositivity. RESULTS: Overall seroprevalences were: HIV, 8.9%; hepatitis B, 34.4%; hepatitis C, 12.4%; and syphilis, 18.4%. Subjects were characterized by a predominance of males with low educational and economic levels, subjected to parenteral and sexual exposures to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Multivariate analysis results indicated that risk factors for both sexually and parenterally related exposure were significantly associated with HIV in this community. CONCLUSIONS: Seroprevalences found in the study were approximately 10 to 12 times higher than the national average. These communities are socially marginalized and generally not recognized by national programs as potentially endangered populations.OBJETIVO: Estimar la seroprevalencia de HIV, Hepatitis B y C y sífilis y describir los comportamientos de riesgo asociados a la transmisión entre colectores autónomos de basura. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una investigación seroepidemiológica en la ciudad de Santos (Sudeste de Brasil, en 2005. Se realizaron análisis serológicas para HIV, Hepatitis B y C y sífilis a 253 individuos, de un total de 315 incluidos en el estudio. Los análisis estadísticos consistieron de pruebas uni y bivariadas (tabulación cruzada y odds ratio y análisis multivariada (por regresión logística, relacionando la

  18. Parto prematuro de adolescentes: influência de fatores sociodemográficos e reprodutivos, Espírito Santo, 2007 Parto prematuro en adolescentes: la influencia de variables sociodemográficas y reproductivas, espírito santo, 2007 Premature childbirth in adolescents: influences of sociodemographic and reproductive factors, espírito santo, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Rocha Araújo Nader

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A gravidez na adolescência é um problema de saúde pública, podendo trazer consequências negativas para a adolescente, sua família e para o concepto/recém-nascido. Objetivos: Identificar diferenças entre as características sociodemográficas e reprodutivas das mães adolescentes com parto a termo e com parto pré-termo, no Espírito Santo em 2007. Metodologia: Estudo retrospectivo quantitativo. Os dados foram coletados no Sistema de Informação de Nascidos Vivos, sendo realizada análise descritiva de 9.841 Declarações de Nascidos Vivos. A relação entre a variável dependente (termo e fatores foi testada pelo teste exato de Fisher, com á=0,05. Os resultados evidenciaram que as diferenças nas características das mães adolescentes com parto a termo e pré-termo ocorreram nas seguintes variáveis: idade entre 10 a 14 anos (p=0,016, estado civil casada (p=0,014, número de consultas pré-natais quando insuficientes (p=0,000 e gestação dupla (p=0,000. Houve maior incidência de partos prematuros no Sistema Único de Saúde (p=0,000.El embarazo en la adolescência es un problema de salud pública, que puede traer consecuencias negativas para la adolescente, su familia y para el concepto/recién-nacido. Objetivos: Identificar las diferencias entre las características sociodemográficas y reproductivas de las madres adolescentes con parto a término y con parto pre-término, en Espírito Santo en 2007. Metodología: Estudio retrospectivo cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados en el Sistema de Información de Nascidos Vivos, siendo realizado un análisis descriptivo de 9.841 declaraciones de nacidos vivos. La relación entre la variable dependiente (término y factores fue probada mediante la prueba de probabilidad exacta de Fisher, con á=0,05. Los resultados evidenciaron que las diferencias en las características de las madres adolescentes con parto a término y parto pre-término se dieron bajo las siguientes variables: edad

  19. El Proyecto Educativo de Emancipación Boaventura de Sousa Santos Y El Rescate de la Memoria: Diferentes Puntos de Vista de una Educación Humanista de la Enseñanza de la Dictadura Militar

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    Lívia Salvador Cani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research questions: To what extent can the development of the Emancipatory Educational Project of Boaventura de Sousa Santos and the rescue of memory from the teaching of the Military Dictatorship contribute to a humanistic education? The objective of this research is to analyze the teaching of the Military Dictatorship in the municipal public schools of Vitória - ES, the relevance of the emancipatory educational project of Santos and the rescue of the memory in education and the necessity of the development of a curriculum post critical for the emancipation of the student.

  20. Preços de commodities e nível de atividade em uma pequena economia aberta: evidências empíricas para o estado do Espírito Santo Commodity prices and activity level in a small open economy: empirical evidence for the State of Espírito Santo

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    Matheus Albergaria de Magalhães

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho propõe-se a mensurar, empiricamente, os efeitos de variações nos preços de commodities sobre o nível de atividade do estado do Espírito Santo ao longo do tempo, assim como a comparar os impactos desses preços sobre a economia estadual vis-à-vis à economia nacional e demais estados brasileiros. Os resultados obtidos permitem identificar cinco padrões empíricos distintos: (i por conta de seu alto grau de abertura, o estado do Espírito Santo sente mais intensamente os impactos de choques nos preços de commodities do que o Brasil e outros estados; (ii resultados de testes de Granger-causalidade demonstram que preços de commodities exercem um padrão de precedência temporal sobre os níveis de atividade estadual e nacional; (iii padrão semelhante de precedência temporal também ocorre no caso de amplo conjunto de variáveis econômicas relacionadas ao estado do Espírito Santo; (iv um choque positivo nos preços de commodities faz com que o nível de atividade estadual aumente inicialmente, sofrendo uma contração em seguida, para então apresentar um aumento permanente em relação a seu nível original no longo prazo; (v resultados de um exercício de decomposição da variância demonstram que, em média, os impactos quantitativos de choques nos preços de commodities são maiores no caso estadual do que no caso nacional. Esses resultados são robustos a diversas questões de especificação, como o uso de diferentes transformações estacionárias dos dados e de distintos números de defasagens empregados em testes de Granger-causalidade. São importantes no sentido de gerarem melhor compreensão dos efeitos de oscilações nos preços de commodities sobre uma pequena economia aberta, conforme parece ser o caso do Espírito Santo.This paper aims to measure the effects of commodity price variations on output fluctuations over time in the State of Espírito Santo. The impacts of these prices on the State

  1. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from two estuarine systems: Santos/Sao Vicente and Cananeia, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais e outros elementos de interesse em amostras de sedimentos dos estuarios de Santos/Sao Vicente e Cananeia, estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

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    Amorim, Eduardo Paulo de

    2012-07-01

    This study evaluated some toxic metals such as Cd, Hg and Pb and some other major and trace elements in surface sediment samples, from two different systems under different degrees of anthropogenic actions: the estuarine system of Santos/Sao Vicente and the southern part of the Cananeia estuary, both on the Sao Paulo state coast. Sediment samples were collected in 16 stations in the Santos/Sao Vicente estuary and 13 stations in the Cananeia estuary, during summer and winter of 2005 and 2006, in both estuaries. Three analytical techniques were used: NAA, AAS and ICP OES. NAA was used for the quantification of major element concentration levels (Ca, Fe and Na), trace elements (As, Ba, Br, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, and Zn and rare earths elements La, Ce, Eu, Nd, Sm, Lu, Tb, Yb). ICP OES was used for determination of the concentration levels of Al, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Co, Pb, Cu, Cr, Sn, Sr, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Tl, Ti, V and Zn. AAS for Cd and Pb quantification through graphite furnace (GF AAS) and Hg through cold vapor generation (CV AAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference material analyses for the three analytical techniques used. Detection and quantification limits were calculated for each element evaluated. Seasonal variations (summer and winter), spatial and temporal (2005 e 2006) variations of metals and trace elements were also evaluated. In the Santos estuary, in general, metal and trace element concentrations , organic matter content and % of pelitic fraction found in the Santos channel (area 1) were higher than those of the Santos Bay (area 2) and Sao Vicente channel (area 3). Area 1 suffers high impact from industrial activities from the Cubatao region and Santos port. The sediments from station 14 (area 3, Sao Vicente channel), showed the same behavior of those from area 1, suffering influence from the industrial pole and located in a mangrove area. In comparison with TEL and PEL

  2. Trophic Groups Of Demersal Fish Of Santos Bay And Adjacent Continental Shelf, São Paulo State, Brazil: Temporal And Spatial Comparisons

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    Elizabeti Y. Muto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The temporal and spatial variations of feeding habits and trophic groups of demersal fish species of Santos Bay and the adjacent continental shelf were investigated. The samples were taken in September 2005 and March 2006 by bottom otter trawling. The stomach content analysis of 2,328 specimens of 49 species showed most fish fed on a large range of food items but relied heavily on shrimp, crabs/swimming-crabs, amphipods, mysids, polychaetes, ophiuroids, squids, and teleosteans. The species were classified into ten trophic groups. Shrimp were an important food source in the Santos bay and inner shelf, while ophiuroids were important prey for predators of the middle shelf. Many species relied on crabs/swimming-crabs during the summer, especially on the middle shelf. The spatial and temporal variability in food resource utilization by fish were related to the pattern of distribution and abundance of their prey. The predation on shrimp and crabs/swimming-crabs seems to be related to the water mass dynamics of the region. Intraspecific comparisons demonstrated that most of the species display spatial and/or temporal variation in their diet. The demersal ichtyofauna can also be divided into the more general categories of piscivores, nektonic invertebrate feeders, benthic invertebrate feeders and planktonic invertebrate feeders.

  3. Mapping the urban form of coastal fishing towns in Algarve: Olhão and Vila Real de Santo António

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    Mafalda Batista Pacheco

    Full Text Available Abstract The paper examines the urban growth patterns of two coastal fishing towns in southern Portugal: Olhão and Vila Real de Santo António. The goal is to investigate the relationship between the configurational and network properties of the urban forms in order to identify generative or emergent patterns, understanding their particular urban morphology. The Space Syntax Theory, applied to the syntactical modelling of these towns, is used to understand the urban processes. Topological variables, such as connectivity, integration and intelligibility, are calculated by DepthMap Software and the Theory of the “Deformed Wheel” is used to represent the evolutionary trends and to identify generic rules. The study is developed by comparing the two urban networks in two moments of their evolution, first in the mid-20th century, which corresponds to the historic core, and second corresponding to the present day. The main results demonstrate a contrast between the segregated network of Olhão's irregular historic centre and the integrated network of Vila Real de Santo António's regular historic centre, revealed by the value of integration variable. The urban expansion of these towns during the last decades decreased the value of integration and aggravated the intelligibility of the urban fabric. The application of syntactic approaches, with quantitative analysis, aims to complement the traditional procedures of the History of Urbanism, developing an operational method adaptable to the study of urban morphology.

  4. Festa de santo na cidade: notas sobre uma pesquisa etnográfica na periferia de Belém, Pará, Brasil

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    Antonio Maurício Dias da Costa

    Full Text Available O artigo faz alguns paralelos entre estudos que tratam da dimensão lúdica da religiosidade popular na Amazônia e os resultados de uma pesquisa etnográfica sobre uma festa de santo padroeiro em uma feira de bairro na Belém contemporânea. São observados elementos externos ao ritual religioso, como divulgação propagandística, trocas econômicas e usos políticos, que atuam como transformadores do sentido da devoção religiosa. Demonstra-se, com isso, a dinamicidade da reprodução da religiosidade popular, considerando a diversidade de manifestações festivas em diferentes realidades socioespaciais amazônicas. Devoção religiosa e 'razão prática' estão imbricadas no processo de modificação do evento pesquisado. Isto se revela pela complexidade das trocas sociais exercidas em uma festa de santo padroeiro na escala de uma grande cidade.

  5. Histopathological findings in lungs of hawksbill turtles collected on the coasts of the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    M.A. Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The present work aimed to report the histopathological findings verified in lungs of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata retrieved from the coasts of the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Between the years 2010 and 2014, 29 E. imbricata individuals were found stranded on the coasts, already dead or dying during treatment. Lung samples of all specimens were collected during necropsies, fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin, subjected to routine histological processing and classified histomorphologically. The findings revealed that 37.93% of the specimens presented lung lesions. Of these, 90.91% were rescued alive and 9.09% were found dead; 63.63% were females and 36.37% were males. The mean weight was 5.44 Kg and the mean length 39 cm, characterizing young individuals. The animals originated from São Francisco de Itabapoana - RJ, Aracruz - ES, São Mateus - ES, Guarapari - ES, Linhares - ES, Itapemirim - ES, and Anchieta - ES. Macroscopic analysis revealed presence of foam, hyperemia, nodules in the parenchyma, cyst and caseous material. Microscopic examination evidenced heterophilic bronchopneumonia, parasitic granulomatous pneumonia caused by spirorchiids, bacterial granulomatous pneumonia, fungal granulomatous pneumonia, and congestion. It was concluded that juvenile specimens of Eretmochelys imbricata, females and males, originated from the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro and found stranded both alive or dead, have significant lung lesions, mainly inflammatory ones, associated or not with infectious agents.

  6. Bats from Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm, Jaú, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Ayesha Ribeiro Pedrozo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study recorded the bat species that occur on Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm, in Jaú, SP, Brazil, studied the food items the bats consumed and analyzed bats for the rabies virus. Sampling was performed using mist nets, on twenty-one nights in five areas on the farm, between November 2009 and July 2011. After a capture effort of 18,217.5 m2.h, 580 bats and 16 species were netted. Sturnira lilium (n = 184 captures, Artibeus lituratus (n = 134 and Carollia perspicillata (n = 126 were the most abundant species. In addition, two individuals of Lasiurus ega were observed in their shelter, resulting in 17 sampled species. The most consumed food items were fruits of Solanaceae and Piperaceae and fruits of Muntingia calabura were less consumed. None of the 132 bats analyzed for rabies was positive. Santo Antônio dos Ipês Farm is an important area because it contains Reserva Ecológica Amadeu Botelho (a conservation unit, a unique remnant of semideciduous seasonal forest in the Jaú region that serves as refuge for wild animals, including bats.

  7. Bio-Optical Properties of the Inner Continental Shelf off Santos Estuarine System, Southeastern Brazil, and their Implications for Ocean Color Algorithm Performance

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    Melissa Carvalho

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Optical characterizations of coastal water masses are important tools for a better understanding of physical and biochemical processes and aid the optimization of ocean color algorithms. In this study we present three optical classes of water observed during October/2005 and March/2006 on the inner continental shelf adjacent to Santos Bay (Brazil, based on remote sensing reflectance. ANOVA indicated a crescent estuarine influence in classes 1 to 3. Class 3 presented the highest chlorophyll-a and nutrient concentration and highest light absorption coefficients. Colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM dominated the light absorption in all classes and was strongly correlated to salinity in October/2005 due to the influence of the La Plata plume. The results indicated that CDOM dynamics in the Santos inner shelf are very complex. The performance of global chlorophyll algorithms was significantly smaller for October/2005 than for March/2006. As inconsistent changes in light absorption spectra by phytoplankton were detected between samplings, the results show that future bio-optical algorithms for this region must be optimized preferentially considering CDOM optical parameters.

  8. 6. Comunicação e turismo: estudo de caso sobre o potencial turístico do centro histórico de Santos (SP, Brasil

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    Aristides Faria Lopes dos Santos

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A evolução das Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação (TICs viabilizou aproximação entre as pessoas, tanto no âmbito do turismo quanto do trabalho. Este estudo de caso aborda o potencial turístico da região central histórica da cidade de Santos (SP, na região Sudeste brasileira. Foi proposta discussão sobre possíveis convergências entre comunicação (jogos pervasivos e aplicativos para dispositivos móveis e turismo (espaços patrimoniais. O objetivo do trabalho foi verificar quais possíveis fatores influenciam sobre a viabilidade da implementação de um projeto de comunicação integrada com foco na promoção do Turismo Cultural na região central histórica de Santos. Ficou evidente que há múltiplas possibilidades, mas que são dependentes de protagonismo institucional para catalisar os benefícios oriundos do desenvolvimento do turismo na localidade.

  9. Fauna of Simuliidae (Diptera from the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil: distribution, new records and list of species

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    Karina Bertazo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Fauna of Simuliidae (Diptera from the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil: Distribution, new records and list of species. The fauna of Simuliidae in Brazil is composed of 87 species, 17 of which are recorded from the state of Espírito Santo. Entomological collections were carried out in 2010-2011 with the objective of increasing the knowledge of the species richness of this family in the state. Ninety three rivers and streams were sampled, each collection being carried out in a 50m transect. During the study period 30 species were collected, 13 of which represent new records for the state, 12 of the genus Simulium and one of the genus Lutzsimulium. Among these new state records one, Simulium lobatoi, also represents a new record from southeastern Brazil. The other newly recorded species are: Lutzsimulium hirticosta, Simulium distinctum, Simulium exiguum, Simulium oyapockense, Simulium botulibranchium, Simulium petropoliense, Simulium clavibranchium, Simulium rappae, Simulium minusculum, Simulium dinellii, Simulium ochraceum and Simulium scutistriatum.

  10. A trajetória de Thereza Santos: comunismo, raça e gênero durante o regime militar

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    Flavia Rios

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A trajetória de Thereza Santos (1938-2012 estabelece conexões históricas e sociológicas entre as mobilizações política e cultural no contexto de resistência ao regime militar em duas metrópoles brasileiras. Em contraste com outros ativistas de perfil similar, o percurso dela permite desvelar as sutilezas complexas dos arranjos – pouco conhecidos pela literatura especializada – que articulam feminismo, comunismo e antirracismo, bem como as redes anticoloniais no período recortado. Para tanto, optou-se pela narrativa como estratégia de apresentação do itinerário de Thereza Santos, cuja reconstrução se fundamentou preferencialmente em fontes primárias, como a imprensa nacional e a alternativa, e, sobretudo, em correspondências, discursos, projetos artísticos e políticos, além de sua autobiografia.

  11. TEXTO E CONTEXTO DA MÚSICA NO SANTO DAIME: ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE A NOÇÃO DE "EU"

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    Lucas Kastrup F. Rehen

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é refletir sobre a centralidade da música nos rituais do Santo Daime. Nesta vertente religiosa de origem amazônica, algumas cerimônias atravessam a noite, com adeptos entoando centenas de cânticos de louvor. Um determinado hinário (conjunto de hinos cantado nessas ocasiões pode ser interpretado como a biografia de seu dono, seja ele um líder ou um seguidor da religião. O foco do texto encontra-se na análise do "eu" narrador, muitas vezes presente nessas canções religiosas. A investigação prioriza a relação entre as letras cantadas, quase sempre narradas na primeira pessoa do singular, e o contexto ritual no qual são praticadas, envolvendo o uso coletivo da bebida Santo Daime, assim como a performance corporal-musical e a disposição espacial dos frequentadores do culto no salão da igreja daimista, onde existe nítida separação por gênero e faixa etária.

  12. Effects of dredging operations on sediment quality. Contaminant mobilization in dredged sediments from the Port of Santos, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Ronaldo J.; Santos, Fernando C.; Mozeto, Antonio A. [Lab. de Biogeoquimica Ambiental, Dept. de Quimica, Univ. Federal de Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Abessa, Denis M.S.; Maranho, Luciane A.; Davanso, Marcela B. [Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista, UNESP - Univ. Estadual Paulista ' Julio de Mesquita Filho' , Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Nascimento, Marcos R.L. do [Lab. de Pocos de Caldas (LAPOC), CNEN-Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear, MG (Brazil)

    2009-10-15

    Background, aim, and scope Contaminated sediments are a worldwide problem, and mobilization of contaminants is one of the most critical issues in environmental risk assessment insofar as dredging projects are concerned. The investigation of how toxic compounds are mobilized during dredging operations in the channel of the Port of Santos, Brazil, was conducted in an attempt to assess changes in the bioavailability and toxicity of these contaminants. Materials and methods Bulk sediment samples and their interstitial waters and elutriates were subjected to chemical evaluation and ecotoxicological assessment. Samples were collected from the channel before dredging, from the dredge's hopper, and from the disposal site and its surroundings. Results The results indicate that the bulk sediments from the dredging site are contaminated moderately with As, Pb, and Zn and severely with Hg, and that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations are relatively high. Our results also show a 50% increase in PAH concentrations in suspended solids in the water collected from the hopper dredge. This finding is of great concern, since it refers to the dredge overflow water which is pumped back into the ecosystem. Acute toxicity tests on bulk sediment using the amphipod Tiburonella viscana showed no toxicity, while chronic tests with the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus showed toxicity in the interstitial waters and elutriates. Results are compared with widely used sediment quality guidelines and with a sediment quality assessment scheme based on various lines of evidence. Conclusions The data presented here indicate that the sediments collected in this port show a certain degree of contamination, especially those from the inner part of the channel. The classification established in this study indicated that sediments from the dredged channel are impacted detrimentally and that sea disposal may disperse contaminants. According to this classification, the sediments are

  13. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

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    Marcos Vinícius Ferreira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil do uso de álcool e tabaco entre universitários do curso de graduação em Psicologia do Centro de Ciências Humanas e Naturais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A população estudada foi de alunos matriculados no referido curso no segundo semestre do ano de 2010, constituindo uma amostra de 221 estudantes. O questionário utilizado foi o mesmo utilizado no I Levantamento Nacional entre Universitários, proposto pela Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos estudantes era solteira (90,1%, do sexo feminino (81%, estava na faixa etária de 18 a 24 anos (81%, era da raça/cor caucasoide/branca (57,5% e 55% referiram pertencer às classes econômicas B1 e B2. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de álcool (85,07% e tabaco (33,07% na frequência uso na vida, sendo o uso de álcool maior que na população geral. As substâncias associadas ao uso de álcool na vida foram a maconha (p-valor = 0,007, os tranquilizantes (p = 0,011 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,045. Já para o uso de tabaco na vida, as substâncias mais associadas foram a maconha (p = 0,0001, os inalantes (p = 0,0001, os alucinógenos (p = 0,0001 e os anfetamínicos (p = 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: É necessária maior abordagem nos currículos de graduação, especialmente da Psicologia, sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoativas e seus impactos para o indivíduo, a família e a sociedade, bem como a criação de programas preventivos específicos para estudantes universitários.

  14. Sedimentation processes and beach morphodynamics active at the Doce River mouth, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Jacqueline Albino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The coastal sedimentation model in the Doce River mouth and surroundings extends beyond the hydraulic jetty effect created by its stream-flow. During flooding, marine sediments transported by longshore currents are retained on the updrift side, causing strandline progradation. As the longshore current direction varies, local depositional and erosional effects can be produced and identified laterally within beach profiles from north and south of the Doce River mouth area. Sedimentological studies carried out in this river, beach and adjacent inner continental shelf sands showed that, at present, the influence of Doce River sediments is restricted to the area surrounding its mouth. Meanwhile, beach morphodynamic stages and present-day coastal-plain processes of sedimentation are directly affected by the Doce River discharge as a natural continuation of the Quaternary geological evolution of the area.A sedimentação costeira adjacente à desembocadura do Rio Doce, Espírito Santo, Brasil destaca o efeito de jato hidráulico desempenhado pela descarga fluvial. Por ocasião da enchente, os sedimentos marinhos transportados pela corrente longitudinal são represados a barlamar da desembocadura, causando progradação nas praias adjacentes e erosão nas praias situadas a sotamar da desembocadura fluvial. Com a inversão do rumo da deriva litorânea, os processos erosivos e construtivos se invertem. Estudos sedimentológicos realizados nos sedimentos do rio, das praias e da plataforma continental interna adjacente à desembocadura, indicam que a contribuição da carga do rio Doce é atualmente restrita às áreas imediatamente vizinhas. Contudo, a tipologia das praias e os processos de sedimentação da planície costeira são diretamente afetados pela descarga do rio Doce, sendo a continuação dos processos de sedimentação identificada na evolução geológica da área.

  15. Breve histórico da ressignificação da Ayahausca na religião Santo Daime

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    Isabela Lara Oliveira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2010v7n2p316 A Ayahuasca é um chá com propriedades psicoativas, utilizado milenarmente pela população nativa amazônica. A partir do início do século XX, a população não índia passou a ter contato com a bebida e formaram-se novos contextos de utilização desse chá, além de novos significados para ele. Entre esses contextos encontra-se a religião Santo Daime, uma religião brasileira, cristã, de cultura essencialmente oral. O presente artigo analisa o processo de ressignificação da Ayahuasca nessa religião entre as décadas de 30 e 60. A hipótese que se coloca é que a ressignificação da Ayahuasca no contexto da religião se insere no processo dialético mais amplo de construção social de significados que fundamenta a constituição da religião. Como metodologia foi utilizada a análise do conteúdo das memórias e das histórias orais presentes na religião. A partir dessa análise, observou-se que o processo de ressignificação da Ayahuasca é um evento contínuo, inserido no processo dialético de formação da religião; que inicialmente a bebida era percebida pelos seguidores como uma droga e que foi progressivamente ganhando o significado de sacramento cristão. No presente, delineia-se a construção de outro significado para a bebida: patrimônio histórico e cultural da nação brasileira.

  16. Más allá de la novela realista social: el proyecto destructivo de "Tiempo de silencio" (1961) de Luis Martín-Santos y "Don Julián" (1970) de Juan Goytisolo

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    Jordana Darder, Marta

    2018-01-01

    "Tiempo de silencio" (1961) de Luis Martín-Santos y "Reivindicaciones del conde Don Julián" (1970) de Juan Goytisolo son dos novelas de un fuerte compromiso político pero que se desmarcan de los caminos tradicionales del arte compro

  17. Resíduos Sólidos Urbanos: Diagnóstico no Município de Santo Anastácio | Urban Solid Waste: Diagnosis in the Muncipality of Santo Anastácio

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    Bruna Dienifer Souza Sampaio

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE Introduction: One of the greatest problems in urban areas to-day is the issue of generation and management of urban solid waste which, in the current system of capitalist production, made worse by consumerism, creates a lot of garbage that is disposed of in landfill sites without a thought for the resultant degradation of the environment. There is also the important role of the worker who collects recyclable material which is left over from sales and discarded by the population. They require better, less precarious, working conditions. Given these issues of the disposal of solid waste and the value and dignity attached to the work of collectors, this research seeks to analyze how the process of production, collection and disposal of waste operates in the municipality of Santo Anastácio / SP and to contribute to the environmental planning and integrated management of urban solid waste in the Water Resources Management Unit of Pontal do Paranapanema. Methodology and Development: The methodology consisted of a review of the literature concerning the various themes that inform the work, the use of questionnaires and interviews with workers and those responsible for the cleaning service and the collectors of recyclable material to obtain information concerning forms of production, treatment and final disposal, and field work at the landfill site to evaluate further the information collected. Final thoughts: Given the actions so far undertaken, we can summarize a preliminary analysis of the situation concerning solid waste in the municipality, with the following results: the lack of selective collection through the period from 1997 to 2012 shows the municipal government’s failure to address the problem of garbage, the lack of public awareness, lack of documents and control of the treatment of solid waste in the municipality. Furthermore, both current and previous landfill sites have experienced

  18. De Santos y Huacas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Augusta Vintimilla C.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Los relatos de Gregorio Condori Mamani son el testimonio de una existencia que transcurre entre los márgenes de una modernidad racista y excluyente, y la persistencia de una memoria que continúa activa contribuyendo a dar sentido a la vida de amplios grupos humanos en los países andinos, a partir de una reinterpretación simbólica de sus vínculos con la tierra, con la comunidad y aún con el espacio nacional. Como relato de frontera, el testimonio de Condori re-articula los discursos que provienen de su experiencia en la ciudad moderna con los que fluyen desde las tradiciones culturales andinas, una de cuyas expresiones es la hibridación del cristianismo y la religiosidad indígena, como forma de reinvención de las identidades comunitarias.

  19. Floristica da restinga de Camburi, Vitória, ES The flora of Camburi restinga, Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

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    Oberdan José Pereira

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consistiu no levantamento florístico e classificação da vegetação de restinga em Camburi, Vitória, ES. Foram realizadas coletas mensais na área de estudo, que totalizaram 211 espécies distribuídas em 70 famílias, sendo Fabaceae (19 espécies, Myrtaceae (14, Euphorbiaceae (10, Rubiaceae (10, Cyperaceae (9, Sapindaceae (7 e Lauraceae (7 as mais importantes quanto ao número de espécies. A região apresenta remanescentes das comunidades mata seca, aberta de Ericaceae e brejo herbáceo, além de áreas degradadas com espécies pioneiras. A maioria das espécies possui ampla distribuição pela costa brasileira, no entanto, outros padrões foram encontrados. Erythroxylum tênue Plowman, Ocotea nutans (Nees Mez, Miconia brevipes Benth., Prescottia plantaginea Lindl., Pseudolaelia vellozicola (Hoehne Porto & Brade e Coccocypselum hirsutum Bartl. ex DC. são citadas pela primeira vez para as restingas do Espírito Santo.The flora of the Camburi restinga in the municipality of Vitoria, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, was surveyed and vegetation types were classified. Monthly visits to the area resulted in a list of 211 species from 70 plant families of which the most important, according to species richness, were Fabaceae (19, Myrtaceae (14, Euphorbiaceae (10, Rubiaceae (10, Cyperaceae (9, Sapindaceae (7 and Lauraceae (7. This coastal plain still supports remnant patches of dry restinga forest, open Ericaceae scrub and sedge marsh, as well as disturbed areas dominated by pioneer species. Most of the species are widely distributed along the Brazilian coast other patterns, however, being found. Erythmxylum tenue Plowman, Ocotea nutans (Nees Mez, Miconia brevipes Benth., Prescottia pilntaginea Lindl., Pseudolaelia vellozicola (Hoehne Porto & Brade and Coccocypselum hirsutum Bartl. ex DC. are reported for the first time in the restingas of Espírito Santo.

  20. Formative (measurement)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fassott, G.; Henseler, Jörg; Cooper, C.; Lee, N.; Farrell, A.

    2015-01-01

    When using measurement models with multiple indicators, researchers need to decide about the epistemic relationship between the latent variable and its indicators. In this article, we describe the nature, the estimation, the characteristics, and the validity assessment of formative measurement

  1. Cadmium and phosphate variability during algal blooms of the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez-Mejia, E. [Posgrado en Oceanografía Costera, Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas/Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Campus Sauzal, Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana No. 3917, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22860 (Mexico); Lares, M.L., E-mail: llares@cicese.mx [División de Oceanología, Departamento de Oceanografía Biológica, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Km 107 Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22880 (Mexico); Huerta-Diaz, M.A.; Delgadillo-Hinojosa, F. [Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Campus Sauzal, Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana No. 3917, Ensenada, Baja California CP 22860 (Mexico)

    2016-01-15

    Dinoflagellate algal blooms (DABs), with Lingulodinium polyedrum as the dominant species, have increased over the past few years in coastal areas off Baja California, Mexico. Vertical and temporal variability of particulate cadmium (Cd{sub p}), dissolved Cd (Cd{sub d}), PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} and Cd{sub d}/PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} were investigated during two intense DABs of L. polyedrum that occurred during the fall of 2011 and 2012 in Todos Santos Bay. Results were then, compared with data gathered in the absence of algal blooms during the autumn of 2013. In both algal blooms, L. polyedrum tended to be concentrated near the surface throughout the duration; however, during DAB 2011 the number of cells was twice as abundant ([10.0 ± 8.0] × 10{sup 5} cells L{sup −1}) as in DAB 2012 ([5.0 ± 4.4] × 10{sup 5} cells L{sup −1}). During DAB 2011, Cd{sub p} increased significantly (up to 1.02 ± 0.99 nmol kg{sup −1}) and was positively correlated with the cell abundance of L. polyedrum, suggesting that this dinoflagellate is able to assimilate and concentrate Cd{sub d}. Likewise, Cd{sub d} (up to 0.71 ± 0.17 nM) increased in the days of highest cell abundance, which could be attributed to uptake and subsequent regeneration of Cd{sub d} resulting from the remineralization of organic particulate matter produced during the bloom, as well as with the presence of organic ligands secreted by L. polyedrum that could keep Cd{sub d} in solution. During DAB 2011, dissolved Cd{sub d}/PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} ratios exhibited high vertical and temporal variability in the upper 5 m of the water column, but remained virtually constant near the bottom, suggesting a depth-dependent decoupling between these two dissolved components during the bloom development. Given the observed differences in the vertical and temporal variability of Cd{sub d}, Cd{sub p}, and PO{sub 4}{sup 3−} between these two intense DABs, we propose the existence of an abundance threshold of approximately 10{sup 6

  2. Cadmium and phosphate variability during algal blooms of the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum in Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gutierrez-Mejia, E.; Lares, M.L.; Huerta-Diaz, M.A.; Delgadillo-Hinojosa, F.

    2016-01-01

    Dinoflagellate algal blooms (DABs), with Lingulodinium polyedrum as the dominant species, have increased over the past few years in coastal areas off Baja California, Mexico. Vertical and temporal variability of particulate cadmium (Cd_p), dissolved Cd (Cd_d), PO_4"3"− and Cd_d/PO_4"3"− were investigated during two intense DABs of L. polyedrum that occurred during the fall of 2011 and 2012 in Todos Santos Bay. Results were then, compared with data gathered in the absence of algal blooms during the autumn of 2013. In both algal blooms, L. polyedrum tended to be concentrated near the surface throughout the duration; however, during DAB 2011 the number of cells was twice as abundant ([10.0 ± 8.0] × 10"5 cells L"−"1) as in DAB 2012 ([5.0 ± 4.4] × 10"5 cells L"−"1). During DAB 2011, Cd_p increased significantly (up to 1.02 ± 0.99 nmol kg"−"1) and was positively correlated with the cell abundance of L. polyedrum, suggesting that this dinoflagellate is able to assimilate and concentrate Cd_d. Likewise, Cd_d (up to 0.71 ± 0.17 nM) increased in the days of highest cell abundance, which could be attributed to uptake and subsequent regeneration of Cd_d resulting from the remineralization of organic particulate matter produced during the bloom, as well as with the presence of organic ligands secreted by L. polyedrum that could keep Cd_d in solution. During DAB 2011, dissolved Cd_d/PO_4"3"− ratios exhibited high vertical and temporal variability in the upper 5 m of the water column, but remained virtually constant near the bottom, suggesting a depth-dependent decoupling between these two dissolved components during the bloom development. Given the observed differences in the vertical and temporal variability of Cd_d, Cd_p, and PO_4"3"− between these two intense DABs, we propose the existence of an abundance threshold of approximately 10"6 cells L"−"1 of L. polyedrum above which Cd and PO_4"3"− significantly increased due to remineralization in coastal

  3. Seletividade de herbicidas aplicados nas gramas Santo Agostinho e Esmeralda Selectivity of herbicides applied on St. Augustinegrass and Emerald turfs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Costa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a seletividade de herbicidas aplicados nas gramas Santo Agostinho (Stenotaphrum secundatum e Esmeralda (Zoysia japonica em condições de campo. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. As gramas foram cortadas a 3 cm de altura e, em seguida, foram feitas as aplicações dos herbicidas. Os tratamentos utilizados foram: testemunha sem aplicação, fluazifop-p-butil (125 g ha-1, sethoxydim+óleo mineral (276 g ha-1 + 0,5% v v-1 de Assist, bispyribac-sodium (25 g ha-1, chlorimuron-ethyl (15 g ha-1, ethoxysulfuron (150 g ha-1, halosulfuron (112,5 g ha-1, iodosulfuron-methyl (10 g ha-1, metsulfuron-methyl (2,4 g ha-1, nicosulfuron (125 g ha-1, pyrithiobac-sodium (140 g ha-1, trifloxysulfuron-sodium (22,5 g ha-1, 2,4-D (720 g ha-1, quinclorac (375 g ha-1, atrazina (1.250 g ha-1, bentazon (600 g ha-1, linuron (1.350 g ha-1, fomesafen (187,5 g ha-1, lactofen (120 g ha-1, oxadiazon (600 g ha-1 e oxyfluorfen (720 g ha-1. Os herbicidas que apresentaram potencial de seletividade para o gramado de S. secundatum foram: os inibidores da ALS chlorimuron-ethyl, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl e metsulfuron-methyl, o mimetizador de auxina 2,4-D, os inibidores do fotossistema II atrazina e bentazon, bem como os inibidores da Protox fomesafen, lactofen e o oxadiazon. Para o gramado de Z. japonica, os herbicidas que apresentaram potencial de seletividade foram: os inibidores da ALS chlorimuron-ethyl, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl e nicosulfuron, os mimetizadores de auxina 2,4-D e quinclorac, os inibidores do fotossistema II atrazina e bentazon, além dos inibidores da Protox fomesafen, lactofen e o oxadiazon.The objective of this study was to evaluate the selectivity of herbicides applied on turfgrasses St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum and Emerald (Zoysia japonica under field conditions. The experimental design was randomized blocks

  4. Soroprevalência da doença de Chagas em crianças em idade escolar do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, em 1999-2000 Chagas' disease seroprevalence among school-age children in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Augusto Sessa

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Embora o Estado do Espírito Santo não seja considerado endêmico para a doença de Chagas, triatomíneos silvestres que lá ocorrem freqüentemente invadem as casas, com chances de transmissão da doença às pessoas. Avaliou-se o padrão epidemiológico da moléstia no Estado por meio de um inquérito sorológico realizado em 5.243 escolares de 7 a 14 anos de idade, residentes em 17 municípios. Os testes de Imunofluorescência Indireta, Hemaglutinação Indireta e Imunoenzimático (ELISA foram positivos em apenas uma pessoa, representando 0,019% do total. O resultado foi semelhante aos encontrados por outros autores em investigações anteriores. Concluiu-se que, apesar da intensa destruição da Mata Atlântica ocorrida nas últimas décadas, o padrão epidemiológico da doença de Chagas permanece estável, a julgar pelo resultado dos testes sorológicos.Although the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo is not considered endemic for Chagas' disease, the sylvatic triatomines occurring there frequently invade houses, increasing the chances of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission to man. The epidemiological pattern of the disease in Espírito Santo was evaluated by a serological survey of 5,243 schoolchildren ages 7 to 14 years, residents of 17 municipalities. Indirect immunofluorescence, indirect hemagglutination, and immunoenzymatic (ELISA tests were positive in only one person, representing only 0.019% of the total. This result was similar to those found by other authors in previous studies. Based on the results of serological tests it is concluded that the epidemiological pattern of Chagas' disease in Espírito Santo remains stable, despite the intensive destruction of the Atlantic Forest that has occurred in recent decades.

  5. Bullying: an analysis of proceeddings by the regional labor court of Espírito Santo Asedio moral: un análisis de las sentencias del tribunal regional del trabajo del Estado de Espírito Santo Assédio moral: uma análise dos acórdãos do tribunal regional do trabalho do Espírito Santo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilene Olivier

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study surveyed and analyzed legal cases of moral harassment in the state of Espírito Santo. For this purpose, all cases brought to trial in the Regional Labor Court of ES were analyzed for content of judgments. It was possible, therefore, to describe characteristics of lawsuits as well as to group variables according to their nature. For this purpose, we documented content analysis for a better understanding of the facts and incidence of absolute and relative values. As such, a characterization was obtained for all cases from the entire state of Espírito Santo and variables involved were identified, such as jurisdiction of the proceedings, duration of each case, appraisal of lawsuit merits, levels of court decisions, type of company where harassment had occurred, method of aggression, gender of both aggressor and victim, and meaning of bullying. It was also noted that many doubts exist about legal procedures for those who consider themselves victims of bullying in organizationsEste estudio tuvo por objetivo central inventariar y describir las características de los procesos de asedio moral en el Estado de Espírito Santo. Para eso fueron analizados todos los procesos tramitados en juzgado en el Tribunal Regional del Trabajo en ES. Los contenidos de las sentencias fueron el objeto de análisis. A partir de ellos fue posible describir las características de los procesos, como también agrupar las variables de acuerdo con su naturaleza. Para tal intento, se utilizó el análisis del contenido, registrándose, para mejor comprensión de los hechos, las incidencias en valores absolutos y relativos. Al final, fue posible obtener una caracterización de los procesos en todo el Estado de Espírito Santo e identificar las variables que los componen, tales como: las jurisdicciones en las cuales los procesos tramitaron; la duración de cada proceso; el juzgamiento de la procedencia del pleito; los niveles de decisión judicial; el tipo de empresa

  6. Grupo escolar de Alfarnate (Málaga: colegio y casas para maestros de José María Santos Rein

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    Sergio Romero Bueno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia y destaca el valor arquitectónico del grupo escolar de Alfarnate (un colegio y once viviendas para maestros, por su singularidad constructiva de claro tinte racionalista y por desarrollar un funcionalismo propio del Movimiento Moderno. Su atrevida modernidad, para un lugar alejado del núcleo urbano de Málaga, trascendió la arquitectura popular y tradicional para establecer su prevalencia como solución a los problemas de escolarización y de habitabilidad en la zona rural en los años sesenta del siglo XX. Documentamos y analizamos las vicisitudes que el arquitecto José María Santos Rein consiguió superar para realizar la obra y aportamos un estudio formal para dejar constancia de su existencia tras la inevitable demolición de las once casas en el año 2011.

  7. Oficinas de comunicação nos centros da juventude de Santos: uma experiência à luz de Anton Makarenko

    OpenAIRE

    Andressa Carreira Luzirão Mouta

    2014-01-01

    Em Santos, São Paulo, Brasil, vivem 3.623 jovens de 14 a 18 anos em aglomerados subnormais, segundo o Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE/Censo 2010. A Secretaria de Assistência Social do Município desenvolve políticas públicas pautadas na emancipação desse público, como forma de garantir sua proteção e seus direitos básicos. Entre elas estão os Centros da Juventude, que por meio de oficinas envolvendo cultura, comunicação e cidadania, visam promover espaços de reflexão, ex...

  8. Evolución histórica del territorio de Santo Adriano y génesis del poblamiento medieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier FERNÁNDEZ CONDE

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Descripción geográfica del territorio de Santo Adriano, cuyos límites coinciden con los del municipio del mismo nombre, en las Asturias centrales: un valle fluvial con zonas de media montaña, perteneciente a la Zona Cantábrica, en el que abunda la "caliza de montaña". Los primeros indicios de poblamiento llegan hasta el paleolítico medio y superior con habitat en varias cuevas, de cuya época se conservan grabados en roca. Está configurado por un sistema de pequeños castros, con sus respectivos "espacios cástrales", que definen bien todo el territorio. La presencia de cultura romana es muy poco relevante. En la documentación medieval más antigua, finales del siglo X, sometida a notables interpolaciones "pelagianas", figuran ya los límites modernos del concejo, con pocas variantes. También se documenta la existencia de habitat troglodítico medieval por hallazgos de algunas, muy pocas, piezas cerámicas. El primer poblamiento altomedieval constaba de varias "villae", localizadas y descritas hasta donde es posible, donadas al monasterio-iglesia de Santo Adriano de Tuñón por Alfonso III yjimena (891. El monasterio fue fundado, asimismo, por estos soberanos, funcionando como el verdadero núcleo articulador de todo el poblamiento antiguo. Se trataba de un territorio vinculado al "Camín de la Mesa", un camino real prerromano, en uso hasta época moderna, que comunicaba Asturias con la meseta. Una localidad, Valdolayés, fue el escenario de una de las batallas más importantes de los astures contra el caudillo musulmán, Munuza, documentada en las Crónicas Asturianas.ABSTRACT: Geographic description of Santo Adriano territory, its frontiers are identical to the municipality with the same name, in Central Asturias: a river valley in mid mountain zones, in the Cantàbric Zone, where the limestone mountain is frequent. The first signals of population go as far back as the middle and high paleolithic with habitat in some caves

  9. The Brazilian psychiatric reform: historical and technical-supportive aspects of experiences carried out in the cities of São Paulo, Santos and Campinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Amélia Luzio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian psychiatric reform: historical and technical-supportive aspects of experiences carried out in the cities of São Paulo (capital, Santos and Campinas, in order to understand their material, social and political impacts, the progress in the process of breaking away from the psychiatric ward model, and the establishment of creative and productive groups, required to build up the psychosocial treatment in regard to mental health, as well as to evaluate the contribution that the SUS (Brazilian Public Health System had on the psychiatric reform in the mentioned cities. The research, which is the basis of this paper, is part of a thesis regarding mental health care, whereby the innovative projects implemented in those cities served as framework and basis for comparison to analyze mental health policy in small and medium-sized cities and towns in the state of São Paulo.

  10. Economic impacts of natural resources on a regional economy: the case of the pre-salt oil discoveries in Espirito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Amaral Haddad

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian government has recently confirmed the discovery of a huge oil and natural gas field in the pre-salt layer of the country’s southeastern coast. It has been said that the oil fields can boost Brazil’s oil production and turn the country into one of the largest oil producers in the world. The fields are spatially concentrated in the coastal areas of a few Brazilian states that may directly benefit from oil production. This paper uses an interregional computable general equilibrium model to assess the impacts of pre-salt on the economy of the State of Espírito Santo, a region already characterized by an economic base that is heavily reliant on natural resources. We focus our analysis on the structural economic impacts on the local economy

  11. Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Maifrede, Simone Bravim; Ribeiro, Mariceli Araújo; Zancope-Oliveira, Rosely Maria

    2013-11-01

    Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

  12. Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Marques Evangelista Oliveira

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ, where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

  13. BLACK PEPPER: IMPORTANCE OF CROP DEFENSE TO THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ACTIVITY IN THE NORTH OF THE ESPÍRITO SANTO

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    Bruno Sérgio Oliveira e Silva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The fusarium wilt disease is the main crop, whether restricted to Brazil. The disease is caused by the fungus Fusarium solani f. sp. piperis., and in the last years the disease has reduced the life of peppers ranging 12-15 years, for a range of four to six years. Discussing subjects about etiology, symptoms, epidemiology and control, this research is part of a larger project being developed with the Postgraduate Program in Tropical Agriculture in the Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo / UFES. The disease can start from the roots or branches with the evolution of the disease is observed in a drying plant. Conditions of high humidity favor the production of conidia and more efficient control methods to be adopted in the control of fusarium wilt of black pepper are preventive yet.

  14. Café convencional versus café orgânico: perspectivas de sustentabilidade socioeconômica dos agricultores familiares do Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    Siqueira,Haloysio Miguel de; Souza,Paulo Marcelo de; Ponciano,Niraldo José

    2011-01-01

    Esse artigo enfoca a viabilidade de investimento na produção de café arábica, no Estado do Espírito Santo, comparando os sistemas convencional e orgânico, para identificar o que proporciona maior sustentabilidade socioeconômica aos produtores familiares. Os métodos de avaliação econômica utilizados foram o valor presente líquido, a taxa interna de retorno e o tempo de retorno do capital investido. Também foi feita a análise de sensibilidade. Demonstrou-se que ambos os sistemas de produção for...

  15. Feeding ecology and trophic relationships of fish species in the lower Guadiana River Estuary and Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António Salt Marsh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Rita; Bexiga, Constança; Veiga, Pedro; Vieira, Lina; Erzini, Karim

    2006-10-01

    In this study we analyze the feeding ecology and trophic relationships of some of the main fish species (Soleidae, Moronidae, Mullidae, Sparidae, Mugilidae, and Batrachoididae) of the lower Estuary of the Guadiana River and the Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António Salt Marsh. We examined the stomachs of 1415 fish caught monthly between September 2000 and August 2001. Feeding indices and coefficients were determined and used along with the results of multivariate analysis to develop diagrams of trophic interactions (food webs). Results show that these species are largely opportunistic predators. The most important prey items are amphipods, gobies (Gobiidae), shrimps ( Palaemon serratus and Crangon crangon), and polychaete worms. The lower Estuary and associated salt marshes are important nurseries and feeding grounds for the species studied. In this area, it is therefore important to monitor the effects of changes in river runoff, nutrient input, and temperature that result from construction of the Alqueva Dam upstream.

  16. Irmandade de Santo Antônio dos Pobres de Simão Pereira (1867-1875): vivenciando conflitos e solidariedades

    OpenAIRE

    Chrispim, Karol Gruchenhka Lupatini

    2012-01-01

    Na segunda metade do século XIX foi criada a Irmandade de Santo Antônio dos Pobres, na antiga vila de Simão Pereira, região caracterizada pela produção de café. A pesquisa revelou que uma parte dos membros da irmandade era composta por imigrantes, de várias localidades da Europa. A irmandade foi erigida no contexto da Romanização, no qual a Igreja Católica buscava impor o poder clerical sobre as irmandades religiosas. O trabalho procurou mostrar, por um lado, a intervenção da Igreja sobre a i...

  17. Fauna de abelhas nativas de duas áreas de restinga do Parque Estadual de Itaúnas, Espírito Santo, Brasil.

    OpenAIRE

    RECEPUTI, A. L. M.

    2015-01-01

    Dois estudos foram realizados nesta dissertação: uma avaliação da riqueza, diversidade e composição da fauna de abelhas nativas de uma área de restinga herbáceo-arbustiva e de uma área de restinga florestal do Parque Estadual de Itaúnas, Espírito Santo, Brasil, e uma avaliação da riqueza, diversidade e composição da fauna de Euglossina das duas mesmas áreas. Em ambos os casos objetivou-se responder a duas perguntas diretamente relacionadas, 1) a composição, riqueza e diversidade da fauna de a...

  18. The state of the economy of Espírito Santo at the beginning of the 21st century: a developed and peripheral state?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sávio Bertochi Caçador

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to show the contradictory character of the recent developments in the Espírito Santo’s economy: an economy with indicators that reveal at the same time some degree of socioeconomic development and peripheral insertion in the Brazilian economy. In addition, plan to discuss future prospects of Espírito Santo, from the decisive role that public policies in the areas of science, technology and innovation are in this beginning of century and at the same time that are clear environmental limits and of occupation of space that the current production profile of the State (geared primarily for the production of commodities means

  19. ANÁLISIS DEL DISCURSO DE POSESIÓN DE JUAN MANUEL SANTOS: LA IDEOLOGÍA DE LA UNIDAD NACIONAL

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    Ligia Yamila Villarraga

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra las estrategias discursivas presentes en el discurso de posesión del presidente Juan Manuel Santos, leído el 7 de agosto del 2010. Estas estrategias son usadas por el primer mandatario (el enunciador con el fin de establecer una ideología llamada la Unidad Nacional, con la que comienza su gobierno. Las teorías planteadas por Duranti (2000 sobre los actos de habla y por Gallucci (2005 sobre las estrategias de legitimación son el eje teórico-metodológico del proceso de análisis textual. El texto está dividido en cuatro partes: la introducción, el planteamiento de la ideología, las propuestas y el cierre alusivo al gobierno anterior.

  20. Profiles of multiple causes of death related to HIV/AIDS in the cities of São Paulo and Santos, Brazil, 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Claudia Cristina de Aguiar; Machado, Carla Jorge; Rodrigues, Roberto do Nascimento

    2007-01-01

    Após a introdução da terapia anti-retroviral de alta potência (TARV), o perfil da morbimortalidade relacionada ao HIV alterou-se, passando de óbitos causados por doenças oportunistas para quadros mórbido-crônicos de doenças "pré-AIDS", ou não definidoras de AIDS, causadas pelos efeitos adversos da terapia. Investigou-se a mortalidade relacionada ao HIV/AIDS através das causas múltiplas de morte, utilizando-se as declarações de óbito de residentes nos municípios de São Paulo e Santos, Brasil, ...

  1. Perfis de causas múltiplas de morte relacionadas ao HIV/AIDS nos municípios de São Paulo e Santos, Brasil, 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira,Claudia Cristina de Aguiar; Machado,Carla Jorge; Rodrigues,Roberto do Nascimento

    2007-01-01

    Após a introdução da terapia anti-retroviral de alta potência (TARV), o perfil da morbimortalidade relacionada ao HIV alterou-se, passando de óbitos causados por doenças oportunistas para quadros mórbido-crônicos de doenças "pré-AIDS", ou não definidoras de AIDS, causadas pelos efeitos adversos da terapia. Investigou-se a mortalidade relacionada ao HIV/AIDS através das causas múltiplas de morte, utilizando-se as declarações de óbito de residentes nos municípios de São Paulo e Santos, Brasil, ...

  2. Virtual historical reconstitution of the main altarpiece of the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora: application of web-based infographics to Cultural Heritage

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    Catarina Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As a part of a multidisciplinary and integrated research, including conservation sciences and history, a proposal is presented for the historical reconstitution and the virtual restoration of the mannerist altarpiece of the main altar at the Espírito Santo Church, in Évora. The collected data is abundant and the scientific information, because of its technicality, is less prone to be easily understood by the general public, thus becoming less accessible. Web-based infographics are explored as privileged forms of disseminating results and raising awareness to Cultural Heritage. The project materializes as an Internet platform where data and a reconstitution proposal are shared in a visual and interactive way. In addition to the digital virtual reconstitution (2D, some tridimensional models (3D are presented of various elements of the altarpiece, obtained using methods of computer graphics and digital photogrammetry.

  3. [Porto and the construction of the modern city: the case of Hospital Geral de Santo António in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Helena

    2014-01-01

    During a period of demographic and urban growth of the city of Porto, the need arose for a new hospital. The Santa Casa da Misericórdia of Porto, in charge of erecting the new health facility, appointed the British architect John Carr to design the project. By means of the analysis of a set of archival sources and sundry literature on the topic, we examine the criteria chosen for the design and construction of Hospital Geral de Santo António and if it fulfilled expectations, becoming a special space in the city. This article opens up a perspective on the study of the development of the city and the creation of this health facility, contributing to the historical trajectory of hospital architecture.

  4. Caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Bogotá

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    Myriam Soraya Suárez R.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios sobre el perfil de los estudiantes universitarios se han llevado a cabo permanentemente, debido a que las universidades requieren saber con qué estudiantes cuentan y cómo estos requieren ser formados, de acuerdo con las necesidades actua - les del mercado laboral y las necesidades sociales del contexto en el cual se encuentran inmersos. Esta investigación sobre la caracterización del perfil de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Bogotá, determinó los aspectos biográficos, sociodemográficos, proyecto de vida, perfil educativo y profesional, competencias y uso del tiempo libre, con el fin de describir las motivaciones, intereses y percepciones, lo cual permitió tener un conocimiento holístico de los estudiantes y de todos los aspectos involucrados en su formación.

  5. Utilização dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS na cidade de Santos, São Paulo, Brasil

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    Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    Full Text Available A fim de descrever a clientela atendida nos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS da Cidade de Santos foi realizado um censo de pacientes atendidos nos CAPS no período 1º de junho de 2001 a 30 de junho de 2001. O primeiro contato do paciente com o serviço foi registrado e seus dados foram preenchidos em ficha padronizada utilizando o prontuário médico como fonte de informação. Foram atendidos 1.673 usuários, com idade média de 46 anos, mulheres (59,0%, morando com a família (78,0% e tempo médio de três anos em tratamento no serviço. Atenderam 38,0% de esquizofrênicos, esquizotípicos e delirantes, 31,0% com transtorno de humor e 17,0% de neuróticos, nas modalidades de ambulatório médico-psiquiátrico (81,0%, individual (23,0%, grupal (13,0% e reabilitação psicossocial (4,3%. Os CAPS de Santos atendem todas as categorias de transtornos mentais, sendo os mais freqüentes aqueles considerados mais graves, o que é esperado para este tipo de serviço. O modelo de tratamento oferecido tem características ambulatorial e médico-psiquiátrica.

  6. Religião, identidade e segurança entre imigrantes luteranos da Pomerânia, no Espírito Santo (1880-2005

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    André Droogers

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available No século 19, muitas pessoas de diversas regiões rurais da Alemanha emigraram pra o Brasil. Vários contingentes oriundos da Pomerânia Oriental (hoje noroeste da Polônia fixaram-se no estado do Espírito Santo. A maioria era seguidora da igreja luterana. Neste artigo, examinamos como sua religião ajudou esses imigrantes a conservar um nível de segurança satisfatório. A palavra segurança é utilizada especialmente mas não exclusivamente no sentido existencial ou ontológico. Na busca de certo nível de segurança em sua nova pátria, eles e seus descendentes construíram, reproduziram, desconstruiram e reconstruíram suas identidades coletiva e individual. Mostra-se como a religião ressaltou entre os recursos transnacionais utilizados, junto com a cultura e a língua pomeranas.In the 19th century, many people from various rural areas in Germany migrated to Brazil. Several contingents from Eastern Pomerania (now North-West Poland settled in the state of Espírito Santo. In majority they were members of the Lutheran church. In this chapter the question is discussed how their religion helped these immigrants to maintain a satisfying level of security. The term security is especially but not only taken in the existential or ontological sense. Seeking some degree of security in the new homeland, these migrants and their descendants constructed, reproduced, deconstructed and reconstructed their collective and individual identities. Religion is shown to have been prominent among the transnational resources they used, alongside Pomeranian culture and language.

  7. A instrução pelo riso em Santo Agostinho - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v32i2.10429

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    Marcia Maria Medeiros

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Santo Agostinho autor de várias obras, entre elas a que originou este artigo, intitulada A Instrução aos Catecúmenos, e referenda partindo do pressuposto de que o ser humano está em peregrinação nesse mundo rumando para a Jerusalém Celeste. No livro analisado neste artigo, Santo Agostinho mostra como o catequista deve se utilizar da alegria e do riso enquanto elementos que facilitem o ensino da religião cristã aqueles e aquelas que pretendem fazer parte dela. A partir desse processo é possível perceber como o riso possui uma lógica de fundamental importância no que tange ao funcionamento das práticas sociais e culturais de um determinado grupo humano em um determinado momento histórico, servindo como ferramenta para ações práticas em torno de vários assuntos, inclusive pedagógicas.  

  8. O CONCEITO DE MEIO TÉCNICO-CIENTÍFICO-INFORMACIONAL EM MILTON SANTOS E A NÃO-VISÃO DA LUTA DE CLASSES

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    Lucas Maia

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este texto visa discutir o conceito de meio técnico-científico-informacional em Milton Santos. A tese que defendemos é que no processo de construção do conceito, Milton Santos não considerou ou só considerou de modo secundário a luta de classes. Isto tem implicações metodológicas e políticas de certa importância. Após discutir como o autor elaborou o conceito em pelo menos duas décadas considerando a questão, apresentamos em seguida nossa apreciação crítica, demonstrando como ele desconsiderou as lutas de classes na constituição do meio técnico-científico-informacional. Para a realização deste estudo, analisamos fundamentalmente a obra A Natureza do Espaço, texto no qual ele desenvolve de modo mais acabado o conceito de meio técnico-científico. Consideramos também, de modo mais secundário, um conjunto de outros textos nos quais ele aborda direta ou indiretamente a questão. Nossa intenção não foi desconsiderar a contribuição deste autor para as pesquisas em Geografia. Pelo contrário, queremos, a partir do que ele nos legou, aprofundar as discussões relativas a este conceito, que muito tem ainda de elementos explicativos da realidade.

  9. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY AND FACTORS THAT IMPACT MILK PRODUCTION FROM FAMILY FARMS LOCATED NORTH OF THE STATE OF ESPÍRITO SANTO

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    Maria da Penha Píccolo Ramos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Milk production in São Mateus, ES, is a traditional and important socioeconomic activity for family farmers and for the state. The aim of this study was to evaluate the production characteristics of four rural communities, coded as A, B, C and D, as well as the microbiological quality of raw milk in one of these locations. The four communities were based on family farms. Community A was composed of 4 farmers; community B was composed of 12 farmers; community C was composed of 10 farmers and community D was composed of 2 farmers, totaling 28 family farms in the city of São Mateus, northern region of the State of Espírito Santo. The quality of milk samples from 10 producers of community C was assessed after milking, as well as samples from the collective cooling tank, in five repetitions. A structured questionnaire based on the requirements of the legislation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply was sent to each farmer from the 28 farms. The questions included cleaning and physical structure of the barn, quality of water, hygiene practice of milkers and animals and tests for detection of mastitis. None of the farms performed pre-dipping and post-dipping. Thirty (30 samples (55.0% and 25 samples (45.5% of the total 55 samples assessed did not meet the standards for total bacterial count (TBC and somatic cell count (SCC, respectively. Nonconformities were detected in the stages of production, and milk samples did not meet microbiological standards. Milk production should be improved and Good Agricultural Practices (GAP should be implemented in the farms to ensure food safety and the sustainability of the segment in the northern region of the state of Espírito Santo.

  10. ASPECTOS EPIDEMIOLÓGICOS DA TRANSMISSÃO DE DENGUE EM SANTOS, SÃO PAULO, NO PERÍODO DE 1997 A 2012.

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    Maria Angela Bellegarde Fernandes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Após a erradicação do Aedes aegypti no Brasil no final dos anos 50 do século passado, focos foram assinalados nos anos 80 na cidade de Santos, todavia a sua reinfestação definitiva foi comprovada nos anos 90. Os primeiros casos de dengue autóctones foram registrados no início de 1997. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a dengue no município de Santos desde a sua reintrodução levando-se em consideração alguns de seus aspectos epidemiológicos, bem como as possíveis causas do comportamento das epidemias. As análises de incidência foram restritas aos casos em residentes (autóctones que foram notificados e confirmados, no período de1997 a 2012, segundo: faixa etária, sexo, mês e ano de ocorrência. O comportamento da incidência da dengue durante a série temporal mostrou: anos epidêmicos intercalados com surtos e possíveis casos de reinfecção para cada introdução de sorotipo distinto, o que aumenta o risco de casos de dengue grave mostrando também um quadro de endemicidade da doença. Os métodos de controle utilizados, embora legitimamente embasados, não foram suficientes para evitar os surtos e as epidemias. Interpreta-se ter faltado a integração das ações – Controle Integrado.

  11. Malignancies in HIV/AIDS patients attending an outpatient clinic in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil

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    Lauro Ferreira da Silva Pinto Neto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated cancer prevalence and associated factors among HIV-infected individuals attending an AIDS outpatient clinic in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: A sectional study was conducted among HIV infected adults attending an AIDS outpatient clinic in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Demographic, epidemiological and clinical data were abstracted from medical records, including cancer diagnoses; nadir and current CD4 cell count, HIV viral load, time on antiretroviral treatment (ART, type of ART and smoking status. RESULTS: A total of 730 (91.3% patients were included in the study. Median age was 44.0 [interquartile range (IQR: 35-50.3] years; median time since HIV diagnosis was 5.5 years (IQR: 2-10; 60% were male; and 59% were white. Thirty (4.1% cases of cancer were identified of which 16 (53% were AIDS defining cancers and 14 (47% were non-AIDS defining malignancies. Patients diagnosed with cancer presented higher chance of being tobacco users [OR 2.2 (95% CI: 1.04-6.24]; having nadir CD4 ≤200 cells/mm³ [OR 3.0 (95% CI: 1.19-7.81] and higher lethality [OR 13,3 (95% CI: 4,57-38,72]. CONCLUSIONS: These results corroborate the importance of screening for and prevention of non-AIDS defining cancers focus in HIV-infected population, as these cancers presented with similar frequency as AIDS defining cancers.

  12. Seasonal variation of nutrients and hydrological conditions in the State Marine Park of Laje de Santos (SMPLS and adjacent continental shelf areas (South Atlantic Ocean - Brazil

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    Elisabete de Santis Braga

    Full Text Available Abstract Marine parks constitute important areas for the conservation of marine life and the genetic heritage around the world. The creation of such marine parks must be accompanied by careful measures to guarantee the coexistence of natural biota and human activities in these systems. The State Marine Park of Laje de Santos (SMPLS is so close to an industrial pole and urban area that its creation and maintenance is an example for humanity. However, no program has yet been installed for the monitoring of its biotic and abiotic water parameters. Thus, the objective of this study is to provide hydrological and hydrochemical parameters with emphasis on dissolved nutrients to establish a starting point for the monitoring of these waters. The presence of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW in the marine park during the spring and summer sampling periods was evidenced by the observation of low temperatures ( 7.00 µmol L-1, while the concentration of N-ammonium (maximum 9.86 µmol L-1 demonstrated a rapid regeneration of the organic matter, mainly in the euphotic zone. Analysis of the data from summer periods revealed an annual difference, showing January 2014 to be drier than January 2015, which influenced the availability of some nutrients and the standard distribution of hydrochemical parameters in this region. The results of the distribution of hydrochemical parameters in the marine park confirms the preserved conditions of the seawater around the Laje de Santos, demonstrated by the excellent water quality, concluding the need to implant monitoring actions based on these reference data to preserve this important reserve of marine life.

  13. El Cerro de los Santos: paisaje, negociación social y ritualidad entre el mundo ibérico y el hispano

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    García Cardiel, Jorge

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Iberian shrine of Cerro de los Santos is located next to one of the main roads in the Southeast of the Meseta, in the middle of an area without any town of some entity. This paper aims to highlight its status as a shrine of passage, i.e. as a sacred, safe point where voyagers could rest overnight under the protection of the god. The creation of a statio by the Romans in such a place and its dedication to the goddess Pales provide more circumstantial evidence for this theory. Furthermore, some domestic material contexts can be defined, probably connected with this activity, and clearly different from the well-known ritual contexts of the shrine.La ubicación del santuario ibérico del Cerro de los Santos junto a una de las principales vías de comunicación del sureste meseteño y en el centro de una comarca desprovista de núcleos urbanos de cierta entidad permite subrayar en este artículo su uso continuado como santuario de paso, lugar sacro y seguro al que los caminantes podrían acogerse para pernoctar bajo la protección de la divinidad. La creación de una statio en el enclave en época romana y su dedicación a la diosa Pales no son sino argumentos ulteriores en este sentido. Se identifican además contextos materiales domésticos, distintos de los espacios de culto bien conocidos del santuario, relacionables con esta otra actividad.

  14. Etiology of liver cirrhosis in Brazil: chronic alcoholism and hepatitis viruses in liver cirrhosis diagnosed in the state of Espírito Santo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Patricia Lofego; Zago-Gomes, Maria da Penha; Marques, Carla Couzi; Mendonça, Ana Tereza; Gonçalves, Carlos Sandoval; Pereira, Fausto Edmundo Lima

    2013-01-01

    To report the etiology of liver cirrhosis cases diagnosed at the University Hospital in Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil. The medical charts of patients with liver cirrhosis who presented to the University Hospital in Vitoria were reviewed. Chronic alcoholism and the presence of hepatitis B or C infections (HBV and HCV, respectively) were pursued in all cases. The sample consisted of 1,516 cases (male:female ratio 3.5:1, aged 53.2 ± 12.6 years). The following main etiological factors were observed: chronic alcoholism alone (39.7%), chronic alcoholism in association with HBV or HCV (16.1 %), HCV alone (14.5%) and in association with alcoholism (8.6%) (total, 23.1 %), and HBV alone (13.1%) and in association with alcoholism (7.5%, total 20.6%). The remaining etiologies included cryptogenic cases (9.8%) and other causes (6.0%). The mean patient age was lower and the male-to-female ratio was higher in the cirrhosis cases that were associated with alcoholism or HBV compared with other causes. Intravenous drug abuse and a history of surgery or blood transfusion were significantly associated with HCV infection. Hepatocellular carcinoma was present at the time of diagnosis in 15.4% of cases. Chronic alcoholism associated with HCV infection was significantly associated (pAlcoholism, HCV and HBV are the main factors associated with liver cirrhosis in the state of Espirito Santo. Chronic alcoholism associated with HCV infection reduced the age of patients at the time of liver cirrhosis diagnosis.

  15. Cement Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Telschow, Samira; Jappe Frandsen, Flemming; Theisen, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    Cement production has been subject to several technological changes, each of which requires detailed knowledge about the high multiplicity of processes, especially the high temperature process involved in the rotary kiln. This article gives an introduction to the topic of cement, including...... an overview of cement production, selected cement properties, and clinker phase relations. An extended summary of laboratory-scale investigations on clinkerization reactions, the most important reactions in cement production, is provided. Clinker formations by solid state reactions, solid−liquid and liquid......−liquid reactions are discussed, as are the influences of particles sizes on clinker phase formation. Furthermore, a mechanism for clinker phase formation in an industrial rotary kiln reactor is outlined....

  16. Star formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woodward, P.R.

    1978-01-01

    Theoretical models of star formation are discussed beginning with the earliest stages and ending in the formation of rotating, self-gravitating disks or rings. First a model of the implosion of very diffuse gas clouds is presented which relies upon a shock at the edge of a galactic spiral arm to drive the implosion. Second, models are presented for the formation of a second generation of massive stars in such a cloud once a first generation has formed. These models rely on the ionizing radiation from massive stars or on the supernova shocks produced when these stars explode. Finally, calculations of the gravitational collapse of rotating clouds are discussed with special focus on the question of whether rotating disks or rings are the result of such a collapse. 65 references

  17. Galaxy Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre, Martin

    Galaxy formation is an enormously complex discipline due to the many physical processes that play a role in shaping galaxies. The objective of this thesis is to study galaxy formation with two different approaches: First, numerical simulations are used to study the structure of dark matter and how...... galaxies form stars throughout the history of the Universe, and secondly it is shown that observations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) can be used to probe galaxies with active star formation in the early Universe. A conclusion from the hydrodynamical simulations is that the galaxies from the stateof...... is important, since it helps constraining chemical evolution models at high redshift. A new project studying how the population of galaxies hosting GRBs relate to other galaxy population is outlined in the conclusion of this thesis. The core of this project will be to quantify how the stellar mass function...

  18. Comet formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, J.

    2014-07-01

    There has been vast progress in our understanding of planetesimal formation over the past decades, owing to a number of laboratory experiments as well as to refined models of dust and ice agglomeration in protoplanetary disks. Coagulation rapidly forms cm-sized ''pebbles'' by direct sticking in collisions at low velocities (Güttler et al. 2010; Zsom et al. 2010). For the further growth, two model approaches are currently being discussed: (1) Local concentration of pebbles in nebular instabilities until gravitational instability occurs (Johansen et al. 2007). (2) A competition between fragmentation and mass transfer in collisions among the dusty bodies, in which a few ''lucky winners'' make it to planetesimal sizes (Windmark et al. 2012a,b; Garaud et al. 2013). Predictions of the physical properties of the resulting bodies in both models allow a distinction of the two formation scenarios of planetesimals. In particular, the tensile strength (i.e, the inner cohesion) of the planetesimals differ widely between the two models (Skorov & Blum 2012; Blum et al. 2014). While model (1) predicts tensile strengths on the order of ˜ 1 Pa, model (2) results in rather compactified dusty bodies with tensile strengths in the kPa regime. If comets are km-sized survivors of the planetesimal-formation era, they should in principle hold the secret of their formation process. Water ice is the prime volatile responsible for the activity of comets. Thermophysical models of the heat and mass transport close to the comet-nucleus surface predict water-ice sublimation temperatures that relate to maximum sublimation pressures well below the kPa regime predicted for formation scenario (2). Model (1), however, is in agreement with the observed dust and gas activity of comets. Thus, a formation scenario for cometesimals involving gravitational instability is favored (Blum et al. 2014).

  19. Papagaio-de-peito-roxo Amazona vinacea (Kuhl (Aves: Psittacidae no norte do Espírito Santo: redescoberta e conservação Vinaceous Amazon Amazona vinacea (Kuhl (Aves: Psittacidae in the northern region of Espirito Santo state, southeastern Brazil: rediscovery and conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas A. Carrara

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820 é uma espécie endêmica da Mata Atlântica e ameaçada de extinção no Brasil e no mundo. Não existem relatos recentes de sua presença na porção setentrional de sua distribuição ao norte do estado do Rio de Janeiro. O último é datado provavelmente de 1991, tendo sido considerado extinto ao norte do Espírito Santo. O presente trabalho noticia a redescoberta da espécie em Alto Rio Novo, noroeste do Espírito Santo, divisa com Minas Gerais. Foram registrados bandos em duas localidades em dezembro de 2005, sendo o maior deles composto por 28 indivíduos. Durante os registros foi observado A. vinacea se alimentando de Anadenanthera sp. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae, uma nova fonte alimentar para a espécie. Os registros históricos mais recentes para a região citam localidades com distância inferior a 35 km dos atuais registros, reforçando a importância local. No entanto, a degradação ambiental e a captura ilegal representam obstáculos à conservação da espécie nesta região. Em dezembro de 2002 foi criado o Parque Nacional dos Pontões Capixabas, primeira Unidade de Conservação na porção serrana do norte do Espírito Santo. Uma das áreas históricas da espécie está incluída em seus limites e um dos locais onde foi agora redescoberto fica a cerca de 10 km de distância da borda do parque. Essa Unidade de Conservação é essencial à proteção de trechos nativos da Mata Atlântica e conseqüentemente do papagaio-de-peito-roxo. Além de medidas conservacionistas, a aquisição de informações sobre as populações de A. vinacea no noroeste do Espírito Santo e leste de Minas Gerais torna-se indispensável para a proposição de medidas de manejo capazes de reverter o grave quadro atual, objetivando viabilizar a permanência de populações na região mais setentrional da distribuição conhecida atualmente para a espécie.Endemic of the Atlantic Forest, Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820 is listed as

  20. Construindo devoções: as estampas de santos na criação religiosa e na pesquisa histórica – o caso da Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Vagão Queimado / Building devotions: the stamps of saints in religious creation and historical research – the case of Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Vagão Queimado

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    Maurício de Aquino

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available It is intended to discuss the specificities, the uses and potential of prints of Catholicsaints in historical research, particularly in the construction of the devotion to Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Vagão Queimado de Ourinhos, state of São Paulo, Brazil. In recent decades, especially in the 1970s, central points in the production of historical knowledge have been transformed, mainly, by the eruption of new conceptions of time and source. In this context, religious history, showing significant growth and renewal, has expanded its objects and, indeed, its sources, enhancing the traditional iconography in its modern format extensions, as in the case of the prints of saints. The meanings and uses of these stamps must be sought in the interaction with determined devotional practice marked by the temporal, spatial and social situations of a specific historical context, through the confluence of the perspectives of social history of art, anthropology, sociology, and cultural semiotics, adjusted to the specifically historical way of producing knowledge.Pretende-se discutir as especificidades, os usos e as potencialidades das estampas de santos católicos na pesquisa histórica, em particular, na construção da devoção a Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Vagão Queimado de Ourinhos-SP. Nas últimas décadas, sobretudo nos anos 1970, pontos centrais da produção do conhecimento histórico foram transformados, principalmente, pela irrupção de novas concepções de tempo e de fonte. Nesse contexto a história religiosa, em expressivo crescimento e renovação, expandiu seus objetos e, com efeito, suas fontes, valorizando a tradicional iconografia em suas extensões de formato moderno, como no caso das estampas dos santos. Os sentidos e os usos dessas estampas devem ser buscados na interação com determinada prática devocional marcada pelas situações temporais, espaciais e sociais de um específico contexto histórico a partir da confluência de

  1. A corrupção nos três poderes do estado do Espírito Santo sob a perspectiva da cultura política patrimonialista no Brasil

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    Nair L. Sperandio-Santos

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar a corrupção nos poderes Executivo, Legislativo e Judiciário do estado do Espírito Santo na perspectiva da cultura política no Brasil. Demonstra que o sistema patrimonialista no Brasil viabilizou os parâmetros para a difícil distinção entre as esferas pública e privada, característico do patrimonialismo. O método do múltiplo dialético, utilizado nesta pesquisa, apresenta os fatos sobre corrupção no Estado do Espírito Santo, sistematizados e correlacionados com a cultura política brasileira, sua construção histórica, cultural, econômica, social e política.

  2. Prevalence of Ehrlichia canis using the nested-PCR, correlation with the presence of morulae and thrombocytopenia in dogs treated in Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Espirito Santo

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    Mara Rúbia Rocha Pereira Sales

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Sales M.R.R.P., Ignacchiti M.D.C., Mendes Junior A.F., Suhett W.G., Porfírio L.C., Marins M., Aptekmann K.P. & Pereira Júnior O.S. [Prevalence of Ehrlichia canis using the nested-PCR, correlation with the presence of morulae and thrombocytopenia in dogs treated in Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Espirito Santo.] Prevalência de Ehrlichia canis pela Nested- -PCR, correlação com a presença de mórula e trombocitopenia em cães atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 37(1:47-51, 2015. Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Rua Projetada s/nº, Caixa Postal 25, Pontal, Marataízes, ES 29349-000, Brasil. E-mail: mararrps@yahoo.com.br Ehrlichia canis, is the primary etiologic agent of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis. The disease is mainly transmitted by the brown dog ticks Rhipicephalus sanguineus in different endemic regions of Brazil. The purpose of this study was determinated using the Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (nested-PCR the prevalence of Ehrlichia canis in 85 dogs, regardless of race, age, sex or health status, treated at the Veterinary Hospital of Federal University of Espirito Santo, in Alegre-ES and evaluate its correlation with the presence of morulae and thrombocytopenia. It was observed that 1.17% of the samples were positive by blood smear, for the presence of morulae. However, the nested-PCR showed 5.88% positivity of samples. And 17.64% samples showed thrombocytopenia. By analyzing all the techniques, it was concluded that the introduction of diagnostic techniques such as nested-PCR is an important method for aid in early diagnosis of pathologies.

  3. Teología de la Evolución (III: el Espíritu Santo como Fuente de la Novedad Emergente. Denis Edwards, 2004

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    Manuel G. Doncel

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cerramos la presentación de la tríada de intuiciones valiosas para elaborar una teología dela «creación evolutiva», que iniciamos con las intuiciones de Karl Rahner y Karl Schmitz-Moormann [ve rPENSAMIENTO, vol. 63 (2007, pp. 605-636, y vol. 64 (2008, pp. 783-814, respectivamente]. Presentamos hoy las intuiciones del teólogo católico australiano Denis Edwards, publicadas definitivamente en su libro de 2004. Profundo conocedor de la teología de Karl Rahner, parte de la intuición de la «autotrascendencia activa», pero la enriquece sustancialmente desde su opción filosófica por una «ontología relacional» y su profundo conocimiento de la tradición trinitaria y pneumatológica. Llega así a su intuición central que ve esa acción divina que posibilita la emergencia evolutiva a través de la autotrascendencia de las creaturas como función «propia» del Espíritu Santo, extático y dador-de-vida. Por otra parte, en su modernización de la «relación creadora» de Santo Tomás, intuye también esa relación como función «propia» del Espíritu Santo, extático y portador-de-koinonía. Como intuición previa, ve el interés de destacar estas funciones o papeles «propios de» (y no sólo «apropiados a» las personas divinas, dentro de la acción indivisa de la Trinidad sobre la creación. La primera parte del presente artículo presenta esas tres intuiciones en forma de tesis (§ 1.3. Pero presenta previamente su base filosófica de «ontología relacional» del universo y de la Trinidad, a través de los tres «trascendentales abiertos»: «relacionalidad», «identidad relacional» y «emergencia evolutiva» (§ 1.1. Y su base de una teología de la acción del Espíritu en la creación: bíblica, patrística y teológica moderna (§ 1.2. La segunda busca rastrear en las publicaciones de Denis Edwards su itinerario conceptual: de la concepción cristológica rahneriana, a través del nuevo trinitarismo, revitalizador de Ricardo

  4. PADRÕES DE LINEAMENTOS RELACIONADOS A LITOESTRUTURA E FRATURAMENTO NEOTECTÔNICO(ESTADO DO ESPÍRITO SANTO, -SE DO BRASIL

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    Luiza Leonardi Bricalli

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo identificar domínios de lineamentos no estado do Espírito Santo (região Sudeste do Brasil, a partir da análise de padrões de orientação e comprimento dos lineamentos e de sua distribuição, como base para investigações sobre o condicionamento morfotectônico e neotectônico da evolução geomorfológica. O estado do Espírito Santo, é geologicamente dividido em dois compartimentos contrastantes: i embasamento pré-cambriano; e ii depósitos sedimentares cenozóicos (Formação Barreiras e sedimentos quaternários. A base metodológica utilizada integrou a análise de domínios de lineamentos (setores do terreno identificáveis por conjuntos com padrões particulares, em escala regional. Mapas de lineamentos foram confeccionados a partir da técnica de extração manual, utilizando ferramentas de edição do ArcGisTM 9.2, sobre um Modelo Digital de Elevação (MDE com diferentes iluminações artificiais. Com base nos mapas de lineamentos elaborados, foi possível identificar dois compartimentos fortemente contrastantes, diretamente relacionados à subdivisão geológica básica do estado do Espírito Santo: i Compartimento do Embasamento Pré-Cambriano, a oeste, onde as direções NE-SW e N-S predominam de forma marcante; e ii Compartimento dos Depósitos Cenozóicos, a leste, onde as direções E-W, NE-SW e NW-SE ocorrem de maneira expressiva. Os padrões de lineamentos identificados podem ser associados a conjuntos de estruturas rúpteis gerados em três regimes tectônicos deformadores distintos: transcorrência sinistral E-W (de idade possivelmente neogênica, transcorrência dextral E-W (pleistocênica a holocênica e distensão NW-SE (holocênica, correlacionáveis a eventos anteriormente descritos no sudeste do Brasil. O fato de os padrões de fraturamento verificados no Compartimento dos Depósitos Cenozóicos apresentarem semelhanças aos encontrados no Compartimento do Embasamento Pr

  5. A cidade de Santos no roteiro de expansão da homeopatia nos serviços públicos de saúde no Brasil The city of Santos and the expansion of Brazilian public health services in homeopathy

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    Célia Maria Patriani Justo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Em coerência com os princípios de integralidade, eqüidade e universalidade presentes na reforma sanitária e na criação do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, alguns municípios passaram a oferecer a homeopatia como opção terapêutica. Este artigo aborda o contexto de implantação e consolidação da homeopatia na cidade de Santos (SP, até a sua incorporação como alternativa de atenção médica na rede pública de serviços de saúde. Naquela cidade, a implantação muito se deveu não só a médicos e farmacêuticos, mas também a médiuns receitantes que atuavam nos centros espíritas. Todos esses personagens tornaram possível a reivindicação de oferta dessa modalidade de atendimento pelos serviços de atenção primária do município. Nossa análise baseou-se em entrevistas com profissionais que participaram desse processo, em relatórios técnicos, artigos de jornais, revistas científicas e em livro escrito sobre a primeira sociedade espírita da cidade.In consonance with the principles of comprehensiveness, equity, and universality that underlie Brazil's sanitary reform and creation of its Unified Health System, some municipalities have begun offering homeopathy as a treatment option. The article explores the context in which homeopathic treatment was introduced and gained ground in the city of Santos, São Paulo, down through its incorporation as an alternative in the public healthcare network. Homeopathy was introduced in Santos not only by doctors and pharmacists but also by prescribing mediums from spiritist centers. The request that the municipality's primary-care services offer this alternative was possible thanks to the presence of all these players. The present analysis was based on interviews with the professionals who took part in the process, on technical reports, newspaper articles, and scientific journals, and on a book about the city's first spiritist society.

  6. A produção e a recepção dos escritos de Qorpo-Santo: apontando transformações nas relações entre arte e loucura

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    Elizabeth Maria Freire de Araújo Lima

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available José Joaquim de Campos Leão de Qorpo-Santo escreveu e imprimiu sua Ensiqlopédia ou Seis mezes de huma enfermidade entre as décadas de 1860 e 1870 e foi redescoberto nos anos sessenta do século XX. A recepção de seus escritos nos meios artísticos e intelectuais e a crítica a eles dedicada se transformou no decorrer de mais de um século. A cada vez que Qorpo-Santo fez aparições no universo cultural brasileiro, podemos perceber novas configurações nas relações entre arte, clínica, loucura, precariedade, inacabamento. Acompanharemos neste artigo a luta de Qorpo-Santo para inscrever sua criação nos circuitos da cultura, publicá-la, enviá-la à posteridade e buscar seus interlocutores, bem como a trajetória de sua obra, do momento de sua produção até chegar ao seu destino, o leitor.

  7. A produção e a recepção dos escritos de Qorpo-Santo: apontando transformações nas relações entre arte e loucura

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    Elizabeth Maria Freire de Araújo Lima

    Full Text Available José Joaquim de Campos Leão de Qorpo-Santo escreveu e imprimiu sua Ensiqlopédia ou Seis mezes de huma enfermidade entre as décadas de 1860 e 1870 e foi redescoberto nos anos sessenta do século XX. A recepção de seus escritos nos meios artísticos e intelectuais e a crítica a eles dedicada se transformou no decorrer de mais de um século. A cada vez que Qorpo-Santo fez aparições no universo cultural brasileiro, podemos perceber novas configurações nas relações entre arte, clínica, loucura, precariedade, inacabamento. Acompanharemos neste artigo a luta de Qorpo-Santo para inscrever sua criação nos circuitos da cultura, publicá-la, enviá-la à posteridade e buscar seus interlocutores, bem como a trajetória de sua obra, do momento de sua produção até chegar ao seu destino, o leitor.

  8. La iglesia de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en Roma: un monumento barroco a la pietas hispanica

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    González Tornel, Pablo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1667 the construction of the Hospice of Saints Ildefonso and Tomás de Villanueva began on the Roman Via Sistina. The headquarters of the Augustinian Recollects in Rome took on a particular architectural configuration directly inspired by Francesco Borromini’s Chapel of the Three Kings and a very concrete iconography linked to the political situation during the second half of the 17th century. Thus the church was decorated to create a monument to the Immaculate Conception with images of the Loreto litany adorning its walls, reinforced by paintings of the Virgins of Copacabana and Guadalupe inside. All of this, combined with the dedication of the building to Saint Tomás de Villanueva (canonized in 1658, turns the temple into a celebration of the pietas hispanica in an area of the Holy City scene of clashes for power between France and Spain.En 1667 se pone la primera piedra del Hospicio de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en la Via Sistina romana. La sede de la orden de los agustinos recoletos en Roma toma una particular configuración arquitectónica, directamente inspirada en la Capilla de los Reyes Magos de Francesco Borromini, y una muy definida iconografía vinculada con la situación política de la segunda mitad del siglo XVII. Así, la iglesia se erige en un monumento a la Inmaculada Concepción concretado en las imágenes de la letanía lauretana que ornan sus muros y reforzado por las pinturas de las vírgenes de Copacabana y Guadalupe en su interior. Todo ello, junto a la advocación a Santo Tomás de Villanueva, canonizado en 1658, convierte el templo en un alegato a la pietas hispanica en un área de la ciudad que fue escenario de los enfrentamientos entre Francia y España.

  9. Devotio Christi en la Edad Moderna : la cofradía-mutualidad de la Esclavitud del Santo Cristo del Calvario de Mondéjar

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    José Miguel López Villalba

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Las cofradías permitieron, dentro de un espíritu corporativo, la participación de los diferentes sectores de la población. En ellas se englobó todo un mundo de solidaridad que transmitió a las capas más desfavorecidas una amplia labor asistencial, pero muchas de estas estructuras sociales se crearon para el beneficio de sus miembros en caso de grave necesidad material: pobreza, enfermedad o muerte, apareciendo de este modo como las precursoras de las mutualidades modernas. Se ha estudiado en este trabajo la Esclavitud del Santo Cristo de Mondéjar que aparece como un ejemplo perfecto de corporación devocional devenida en la expresión más clara de la solidaridad de grupo, pues desarrolla como primera norma la caridad endógena. Por este motivo, se ha realizado, después de la introducción y de la metodología de análisis de la fuente, un completo estudio de dicha cofradía: orígenes, fines, hacienda, beneficios y obligaciones y finalmente los cargos. Por último, se presenta la transcripción completa de la documentación aportada.The brotherhoods allowed the participation of different sections of population within a corporative spirit. All a worid of solidarity was included, which supplied public assistence to the poors. Many of these social structures were created for the benefit of its members in case of an extreme need such as: poverty, illness or death, being the precursor of the modern friendly societies. This work studies the Esclavitud del Santo Cristo de Mondéjar, which can be taken as a perfect example of devotional Corporation, becoming the clearest expression of the group solidarity, since its first rule is the infernal charity For that reason, after the introduction and the methodology of the sources analysis, a complete study of the brotherhood has been carried out: its origin, aims, properties, benefits, duties and posts. Finally a complete transcription of the documents studied is presented.

  10. Concentração de elementos traços em serpentes do litoral e da região serrana do Espírito Santo

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    Alexandra Frossard

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Os elementos químicos, em sua maioria, encontram-se em ciclos bioquímicos e geoquímicos fechados e em concentrações que não causam efeitos nocivos aos organismos. Contudo, ações antrópicas aceleradas promovem alterações ambientais, como o aumento no aporte de contaminantes. Com essas informações, o presente trabalho buscou caracterizar a presença aos elementos traços em duas espécies de serpentes comuns na região sudeste, Boa constrictor e Bothrops jararaca. Os exemplares de B. constrictor (n=18 foram provenientes de atropelamentos ocorridos no trecho da Rodovia ES-060 do Km 0 ao Km 67,5. Os exemplares de B. jararaca (n=18 foram capturados por fazendeiros na zona rural da região serrana do Espírito Santo. Foram analisados 1 grama de fragmento de rim, de espécimes necropsiados. Os rins coletados foram digeridos com mistura ácida (HNO3;HCl; 1:1 a 300oC, 40min e a quantificação de microelementos (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb e Zn foi realizada por espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma indutivamente acoplado (ICP OES. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre machos e fêmeas, exceto para Cromo nas B. constrictor (p=0,03, com média de 1,6595 nas concentrações de Cr nas fêmeas e 0,2896 em machos. Contudo, quando foram comparadas as diferentes espécies de serpentes, diferentes concentrações foram encontradas, para todos os elementos determinados, com destaque para o Ferro com uma concentração de 106,2mg/g em B. constrictor e 120,3mg/g em B. jararaca, provavelmente por esses animais virem de áreas próximas à portos de minério de ferro. A concentração de Zinco em B. constrictor foi de 1261,8mg/g e em B. jararaca foi de 28,4mg/g. O presente estudo indica que as serpentes analisadas, que habitam as regiões da Grande Vitória e serrana do Espírito Santo apresentam elevadas concentrações dos microelementos Zn e Fe.

  11. As conseqüências do manejo sobre os ninhos de Dermochelys coriacea (Linnaeus, 1766, junto ao projeto Tamar-Ibama, Espírito Santo, Brasil

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    Dal Pont Morisso, Eduardo

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Foi analisada a viabilidade dos manejos de ninhos utilizados pelo Projeto Tamar-Ibama, para a esp écie Dermochelys coriacea nas temporadas reprodutivas entre 1989/90 e 1998/99. Este estudo foi realizado no litoral norte do Estado do Espírito Santo. As desovas foram manejadas de três diferentes formas: mantidas In Situ, transferidas para locais na praia e, ainda, para cercados de incubação. As análises realizadas mostraram que os ninhos que permaneceram In Situ obtiveram os melhores resultados em termos de percentuais de eclosão e números de embriões. Entre os ninhos transferidos, os que foram para os cercados de incubação geraram maior número de filhotes vivos e reduzido número de embriões grandes e pequenos. O único fator que não foi influenciado pela transferência dos ovos, foi o número de natimortos. Foi encontrada diferença significativa no tempo de incubação dos ninhos entre os manejos aplicados. É sugerida a manutenção de uma maior quantidade de ninhos In Situ, e, a criação de Unidades de Conservação em áreas com pouco desenvolvimento urbano e alta concentração de desovas. The analysis was made to compare the viability of the management of nests utilized by Projeto Tamar-Ibama, for the species Dermochelys coriacea in the nesting seasons between 1989/90 and 1998/99. This study was made in northern Espírito Santo. The clutches were managed in three different ways: kept In Situ, translocated to beaches, or to hatcheries. The analyzes showed that In Situ nests had the best results in terms of hatching success and number of embryos. Among the translocated nests, those that went to the hatcheries reached the best results in numbers of hatchlings and small and medium embryos. The only factor that was not influenced by the translocation was the number of piped embryos. A significant difference was found between the hatching period and management used. It is suggested to keep the nest in their natural places (In Situ

  12. Planet Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podolak, Morris

    2018-04-01

    Modern observational techniques are still not powerful enough to directly view planet formation, and so it is necessary to rely on theory. However, observations do give two important clues to the formation process. The first is that the most primitive form of material in interstellar space exists as a dilute gas. Some of this gas is unstable against gravitational collapse, and begins to contract. Because the angular momentum of the gas is not zero, it contracts along the spin axis, but remains extended in the plane perpendicular to that axis, so that a disk is formed. Viscous processes in the disk carry most of the mass into the center where a star eventually forms. In the process, almost as a by-product, a planetary system is formed as well. The second clue is the time required. Young stars are indeed observed to have gas disks, composed mostly of hydrogen and helium, surrounding them, and observations tell us that these disks dissipate after about 5 to 10 million years. If planets like Jupiter and Saturn, which are very rich in hydrogen and helium, are to form in such a disk, they must accrete their gas within 5 million years of the time of the formation of the disk. Any formation scenario one proposes must produce Jupiter in that time, although the terrestrial planets, which don't contain significant amounts of hydrogen and helium, could have taken longer to build. Modern estimates for the formation time of the Earth are of the order of 100 million years. To date there are two main candidate theories for producing Jupiter-like planets. The core accretion (CA) scenario supposes that any solid materials in the disk slowly coagulate into protoplanetary cores with progressively larger masses. If the core remains small enough it won't have a strong enough gravitational force to attract gas from the surrounding disk, and the result will be a terrestrial planet. If the core grows large enough (of the order of ten Earth masses), and the disk has not yet dissipated, then

  13. Impact of climate change on agro-climatic zoning of Arabica coffee in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil = Impactos das mudanças climáticas no zoneamento agroclimatológico do café arábica no Espírito Santo

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    Rosembergue Bragança

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to define, using current agro-climatic zoning, and for the next 100 years, areas of different climatic suitability for the cultivation of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L. in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. Monthly and yearly data of average air temperature and rainfall were used, taken from historical series for the period of 1976 to 2006. It was necessary to simulate the effects of temperature increments of +1 ºC, +2 ºC, +3 ºC, +4 ºC and +5 ºC, using the mean result of six models, namely: GFDL-R30 (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, R-30 resolution, CCSR/NIES (Center for Climate Research Studies, CSIROMk2 (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization GCM mark 2, CGCM2 (Canadian Global Coupled Model v 2, ECHAM4 (European Centre Hamburg Model v 4 and HadCM3 (Hadley Centre Coupled Model v 3. The results showed that currently, areas which are completely suitable represent 19.49% of the area of Espirito Santo which, with an increase of 5 °C, would decrease to 0.02%; whereas completely unsuitable areas would increase from 33.47% to 95.63%, making the cultivation of Arabica coffee unsuited to the state if the genetic and physiological characteristics, which have a tolerance limit for the average annual temperature of between 23 °C and 24 °C, are maintained. = Objetivou-se com este trabalho definir, por meio do zoneamento agroclimatológico atual e para os próximos 100 anos, áreas com diferentes aptidões climáticas para a cultura do café arábica (Coffea arabica L., no estado do Espírito Santo. Para isso, foram utilizados dados de temperatura média do ar e precipitação pluviométrica, em escala mensal e anual, de séries históricas representativas do período de 1976 a 2006. Foi necessário simular o efeito do incremento de temperatura de +1 ºC, +2 ºC, +3 ºC, +4 ºC e +5 ºC, por meio da média obtida do resultado de seis modelos, a saber: GFDL-R30 (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

  14. Soroprevalência da doença de Chagas em crianças em idade escolar do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, em 1999-2000 Chagas' disease seroprevalence among school-age children in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, 1999-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Augusto Sessa; Ricardo Ramos Pimentel; Adelson Luiz Ferreira; Aloísio Falqueto

    2002-01-01

    Embora o Estado do Espírito Santo não seja considerado endêmico para a doença de Chagas, triatomíneos silvestres que lá ocorrem freqüentemente invadem as casas, com chances de transmissão da doença às pessoas. Avaliou-se o padrão epidemiológico da moléstia no Estado por meio de um inquérito sorológico realizado em 5.243 escolares de 7 a 14 anos de idade, residentes em 17 municípios. Os testes de Imunofluorescência Indireta, Hemaglutinação Indireta e Imunoenzimático (ELISA) foram positivos em ...

  15. Distribuição espacial de compostos orgânicos de estanho em sedimentos costeiros e em Phallusia nigra da Baía de Todos os Santos e litoral norte da Bahia - Brasil Spatial distribution of organic tin compounds in coastal sediment and Phallusia nigra of the Todos os Santos Bay and northern coast of Bahia - Brazil

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    Adelmo Lowe Pletsch

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Organic tin compounds were investigated in the sediment of twenty-four stations located in the Todos os Santos Bay and the north coast of Bahia - Brazil. The concentration of these organic tin was also determined in a ascidium species of Phallusia nigra. The speciation and quantification was performed by GC-MS/MS. The highest concentrations were: tributyltin (TBT 438 ng g-1, dibutyltin (DBT 207 ng g-1, monobutyltin (MBT 423 ng g-1, diphenyltin (DPT 25.8 ng g-1 and monophenyltin (MPT 55.0 ng g-1. DBT and MBT were found in Phallusia nigra, with highest concentrations of 294.1 and 148.5 ng g-1, respectively.

  16. O bosque de mangues e a pesca artesanal no Distrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Bahia: uma abordagem etnoecológica - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i3.5014 The mangrove forest and artisan fishing in the Acupe District (Santo Amaro, Bahia State, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i3.5014

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    Francisco José Bezerra

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Os manguezais são ecossistemas que apresentam alta biomassa e concentração de biodiversidade. Estas características favorecem a utilização por muitas populações que vivem tradicionalmente da mariscagem e da pesca artesanal, como é o caso da que habita o Distrito de Acupe (Santo Amaro, Estado da Brahia, situado na margem oeste da Baía de Todos os Santos. Além dos recursos pesqueiros, a população também faz uso da vegetação do manguezal, conhecida localmente como “mangue”. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo abordar conhecimentos de pescadores e marisqueiras sobre o bosque de mangues, bem como seus usos à luz da etnoecologia abrangente de Marques (1995. Foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas buscando-se registrar os conhecimentos e comportamentos envolvidos na utilização dos mangues. Os resultados foram analisados em uma óptica emicista/eticista, comparando-se os conhecimentos locais com aqueles disponíveis na literatura científica e correlacionando-se os comportamentos observados com suas possíveis implicações ambientais. Os dados obtidos revelaram um corpo de conhecimentos possuído pelos entrevistados sobre a vegetação do manguezal, incluindo classificação, ecologia trófica, fenologia e ecozoneamento e percepção ecossistêmica, por vezes compatíveis com os conhecimentos acadêmicos. Interações da comunidade pesqueira com o componente vegetal revelaram formas de percepção e de utilização de recursos fortemente associadas à cultura local e com implicações etnoconservacionistas.Mangrove ecosystems feature a high biomass and biodiversity concentration. High productivity supports the exploitation by many traditional populations that survive on shellfish catching and artisan fishing, such as those living in the Acupe District, located in Santo Amaro, in the west coast of the Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the native

  17. Galaxy Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Longair, Malcolm S

    2008-01-01

    This second edition of Galaxy Formation is an up-to-date text on astrophysical cosmology, expounding the structure of the classical cosmological models from a contemporary viewpoint. This forms the background to a detailed study of the origin of structure and galaxies in the Universe. The derivations of many of the most important results are derived by simple physical arguments which illuminate the results of more advanced treatments. A very wide range of observational data is brought to bear upon these problems, including the most recent results from WMAP, the Hubble Space Telescope, galaxy surveys like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey, studies of Type 1a supernovae, and many other observations.

  18. Galaxy formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gribbin, J.

    1979-01-01

    The current debate on the origin and evolution of galaxies is reviewed and evidence to support the so-called 'isothermal' and 'adiabatic' fluctuation models considered. It is shown that new theories have to explain the formation of both spiral and elliptical galaxies and the reason for their differences. It is stated that of the most recent models the best indicates that rotating spiral galaxies are formed naturally when gas concentrates in the centre of a great halo and forms stars while ellipticals are explained by later interactions between spiral galaxies and merging, which can cancel out the rotation while producing an elliptical galaxy in which the stars, coming from two original galaxies, follow very elliptical, anisotropic orbits. (UK)

  19. Habit formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kyle S; Graybiel, Ann M

    2016-03-01

    Habits, both good ones and bad ones, are pervasive in animal behavior. Important frameworks have been developed to understand habits through psychological and neurobiological studies. This work has given us a rich understanding of brain networks that promote habits, and has also helped us to understand what constitutes a habitual behavior as opposed to a behavior that is more flexible and prospective. Mounting evidence from studies using neural recording methods suggests that habit formation is not a simple process. We review this evidence and take the position that habits could be sculpted from multiple dissociable changes in neural activity. These changes occur across multiple brain regions and even within single brain regions. This strategy of classifying components of a habit based on different brain signals provides a potentially useful new way to conceive of disorders that involve overly fixed behaviors as arising from different potential dysfunctions within the brain's habit network.

  20. Habit formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.

    2016-01-01

    Habits, both good ones and bad ones, are pervasive in animal behavior. Important frameworks have been developed to understand habits through psychological and neurobiological studies. This work has given us a rich understanding of brain networks that promote habits, and has also helped us to understand what constitutes a habitual behavior as opposed to a behavior that is more flexible and prospective. Mounting evidence from studies using neural recording methods suggests that habit formation is not a simple process. We review this evidence and take the position that habits could be sculpted from multiple dissociable changes in neural activity. These changes occur across multiple brain regions and even within single brain regions. This strategy of classifying components of a habit based on different brain signals provides a potentially useful new way to conceive of disorders that involve overly fixed behaviors as arising from different potential dysfunctions within the brain's habit network. PMID:27069378