WorldWideScience

Sample records for santo andre sao

  1. Estimate the potential production of electricity: a case study of the sanitary landfill of Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Estimativa do potencial de producao de eletricidade: estudo de caso do aterro sanitario de Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Elissando Rocha da; Moreira, Joao M. L.; Candiani, Giovano [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (IFSP), SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The recovery of the biogas generated from sanitary landfills, associated to its energetic use has been widely discussed. Thus, this paper aims to estimate the potential production of electric energy from sanitary landfill Santo Andre-SP. The biogas production was estimated using the rate of deposition of solid wastes in the landfill, using some mathematical models with parameters suggested by two models: LanGEM-USEPA (conventional landfill) and Word Bank. These results indicate that the potential of biogas production will be approximately 11 x 10{sup 6} Kg of methane/year in 2017 and production of electric energy in that year will be approximately 32,000 MWh, considering an of 75% over collection of biogas. (author)

  2. Evaluation of underground water contamination of tubular wells, by fuels oil in Santo Andre City, Sao Paulo state: a contribution to the environmental management; Avaliacao da contaminacao da agua subterranea de pocos tubulares, por combustiveis fosseis, no municipio de Santo Andre, Sao Paulo: uma contribuicao a gestao ambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mindrisz, Ana Copat

    2006-07-01

    The contamination of underground waters by hydrocarbons originated from gas stations has been object of increasing preoccupation in environmental organization all over the world. The organic compounds Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene (BTEX), present in these fuels, are extremely toxic to human health and could make impracticable the exploration of these contaminated waters by these kinds of pollutants and consequently the gasoline wells used for this purpose. In this work, it was carried out a diagnosis of the water quality with information and analyses, with the goals to snap shot the situation of the wells destined to domestic and commercial supply of water in the urban area of Santo Andre city, Sao Paulo state. There have been evaluated the presence of micron pollutants BTEX, after contamination due to leaks in fuel storage tanks close to the wells, in different places of the city. The physical chemistry parameters like color, turbidity and residual chlorine were also evaluated as well as trace elements, metals, anions like fluorine, sulphates, chlorine, nitrates and phosphates and bacteriological (total coliforms, thermo stable coliforms, heterotrophic bacteria). On definition of the sampling area, it was sought, at first, the evaluation of environmental contaminations historical series by gas stations, evaluating the set of information available at government environmental organizations and spatial representatively of the problem. For administration of the underground water quality it was adopted the methodology used by Companhia de Tecnologia de Saneamento Ambiental (CETESB), being accomplished a previous identification of contaminated potential areas and organizing a data base on landfills disposal and neglected places; registration of gas station services and, wells used by the population, industrial inventory with active and neglected maps taking into consideration the size and residues generation (such as SEMASA), prioritizing in this way the

  3. Distribution of Th-232 and Th-228 in Santos and Sao Vicente Estuary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, P.S.C.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Favaro, D.I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Av. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Caixa Postal 05508-000, Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo (Brazil)]. e-mail: Pscsilva@ipen.br

    2004-07-01

    In the last decades considerable attention has been given to technologically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM). Within this frame, of particular concern is the phosphate fertilizer industry. Santos Basin, located in Southwest Brazil, Sao Paulo State, comprising Santos and Sao Vicente estuarine system, is considered the most important industrial region of the country. Among the industrial activities present, phosphate fertilizer plants are responsible for the production of 69 millions tons of phosphogypsum waste, which is stockpiled in the surrounding environment. This waste concentrates radionuclides of the natural series originally present in the phosphate rock used as raw material. This study aims to evaluate the environmental impact of such activities in the sediments of the estuarine system. {sup 232} Th and {sup 228} Th concentrations in Santos and San Vicente estuary sediments were determined by Neutron activation analysis and Gamma spectrometry, respectively. {sup 232} Th concentration ranged from 6.5 to 198 Bq kg{sup -1} with mean value of 57 {+-} 39 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 42 samples. {sup 228} Th content varied from 12 to 110 Bq kg{sup -1} with a mean value of 74 {+-} 23 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 18 samples. It can be seen that the amount of {sup 232} Th is higher in the rivers close to the phosphogypsum piles, at least five points were identified as being affected by anthropogenic factor. (Author)

  4. APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology: Octavio Andres Santos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded annually by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. The 2017 award winner is Octavio Andres Santos, who has demonstrated through several initiatives "effective engagement with advocacy, professional organizations, and research in the area of health disparities and multicultural/multilingual assessment." Santos's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. Evaluation of mercury, selenium and methylmercury in fish consumed by Santos Bay communities, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farias, Luciana A.; Favaro, Deborah I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: lufarias@usp.br; Azevedo, Juliana de S.; Braga, Elisabete S. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico. Lab. de Nutrientes, Micronutrientes e Tracos no Mar (LABNUT)]. E-mail: juliana@io.usp.br

    2005-07-01

    In the present study, mercury and selenium levels were evaluated in fish tissues and fish organs in the Santos Bay, Sao Paulo State, southeastern Brazil. Santos Bay waters are polluted by the large industrial complex of Cubatao. The estuary system filters part of this pollution before it reaches the Bay. Mercury and methylmercury determination were performed using Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CV-AAS) and selenium determination by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Methodology validation for the determination of these elements was carried out by means of reference materials analyses. There was no significant correlation between mercury and selenium concentrations (n = 17, (r2 ) R2 = 0.3482, p = 0.1709) in Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo)- Ariidae family and Centropomus sp. (robalo)- Centropomidae family livers. Mercury and methylmercury concentrations in muscle from carnivorous species: Ariidae Cathorops spixii (bagre amarelo), Scianidae Steliffer rastifer (cangoa) and Scianidae Paralonchurus brasiliensis (maria-luiza) were determined and discussed. Total mercury concentration in Ariidae Catharops spixii livers presented the highest Hg level (7.6 mg kg-1). Although the Santos Bay is less contaminated than the inner section of its estuary system (Cubatao), it presents signs of environmental impact. (author)

  6. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from two estuarine systems: Santos/Sao Vicente and Cananeia, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais e outros elementos de interesse em amostras de sedimentos dos estuarios de Santos/Sao Vicente e Cananeia, estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo Paulo de

    2012-07-01

    This study evaluated some toxic metals such as Cd, Hg and Pb and some other major and trace elements in surface sediment samples, from two different systems under different degrees of anthropogenic actions: the estuarine system of Santos/Sao Vicente and the southern part of the Cananeia estuary, both on the Sao Paulo state coast. Sediment samples were collected in 16 stations in the Santos/Sao Vicente estuary and 13 stations in the Cananeia estuary, during summer and winter of 2005 and 2006, in both estuaries. Three analytical techniques were used: NAA, AAS and ICP OES. NAA was used for the quantification of major element concentration levels (Ca, Fe and Na), trace elements (As, Ba, Br, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, and Zn and rare earths elements La, Ce, Eu, Nd, Sm, Lu, Tb, Yb). ICP OES was used for determination of the concentration levels of Al, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Co, Pb, Cu, Cr, Sn, Sr, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Tl, Ti, V and Zn. AAS for Cd and Pb quantification through graphite furnace (GF AAS) and Hg through cold vapor generation (CV AAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference material analyses for the three analytical techniques used. Detection and quantification limits were calculated for each element evaluated. Seasonal variations (summer and winter), spatial and temporal (2005 e 2006) variations of metals and trace elements were also evaluated. In the Santos estuary, in general, metal and trace element concentrations , organic matter content and % of pelitic fraction found in the Santos channel (area 1) were higher than those of the Santos Bay (area 2) and Sao Vicente channel (area 3). Area 1 suffers high impact from industrial activities from the Cubatao region and Santos port. The sediments from station 14 (area 3, Sao Vicente channel), showed the same behavior of those from area 1, suffering influence from the industrial pole and located in a mangrove area. In comparison with TEL and PEL

  7. Youth map of the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil: an instrument to read social inequalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonekura, Tatiana; Soares, Cássia Baldini; Minuci, Elaine Garcia; Campos, Célia Maria Sivalli; Trapé, Carla Andrea

    2010-02-01

    To analyze social inequalities in young adults living in an urban area by mapping sociodemographic and economic data. Using data from the 2000 Demographic Census, 57 sociodemographic and economic variables of young adults aged from 15 to 24 years, living in the city of Santo André, Southeastern Brazil, were distributed among 43 areas of statistical data, corresponding to a division of the region into smaller districts. Data from the year 2000 were collected from the Santo André City Hall Department of Socioeconomic Indicators. Using factorial analysis, 13 variables were grouped in two factors - working conditions and life conditions, which distinguished areas that were similar to one another statistically. Cluster analysis of areas was performed, resulting in four social groups. The area that concentrated young adults with higher access to wealth was classified as central and that including individuals with lower access to wealth was classified as peripheral. Two intermediate areas could be identified, one closer to the highest access to wealth ('almost central') and another close to the lowest access to wealth ('almost peripheral'). Discriminating variables were associated with work, migration, level of education, fertility, adolescent's position in the household, presence of spouse or partner, living conditions and assets owned. Differences among social groups revealed important inequalities among young adults who live, study and/or work in the city, which will contribute to the planning of public social policies aimed at these groups.

  8. Gestão dos serviços de água e esgoto nos municípios de Campinas, Santo André, São José dos Campos e Santos, no período de 1996 a 2000 The management of water and sewage services in Campinas, Santo André, São José dos Campos and Santos, from 1996 to 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Ogera

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a gestão dos serviços de água e esgoto nos Municípios de Campinas, Santo André, São José dos Campos e Santos, no período 1996 - 2000. Nos Municípios de Campinas e Santo André, a gestão desses serviços encontra-se na esfera de governo municipal, enquanto nos Municípios de São José dos Campos e Santos, a gestão encontra-se na esfera de governo estadual. Os métodos adotados foram pesquisa bibliográfica, pesquisa documental, pesquisa descritiva e investigação explicativa fundamentada pela teoria, seguida de análise dos resultados. Políticas públicas e políticas de governo foram tomadas como parâmetros para analisar as diferenças na eficiência e na eficácia da gestão desses serviços. Como resultados foram apontadas características e diferenças na eficiência e na eficácia da gestão dos serviços de água e esgoto nos âmbitos municipal e estadual.This study intends to analyze the water and sewage services management in Campinas, Santo André, São José dos Campos and Santos, from 1996 to 2000. In Campinas and Santo André, the municipal government implements the management of these services. In São José dos Campos and Santos, it is a State-level operation. The methods used for this paper were bibliographic, descriptive, and documental researches, and a subsequent theoretical explanation followed by an analysis of the results. Public and government policies were used as parameters to analyze differences in efficiency and efficacy of those services managements. The results obtained show characteristics and differences between State-level and municipal-level managements of the water and sewage treatments.

  9. Harm Reduction Unit of the City of Santo André, São Paulo State, Brazil: An Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Moreira da Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Harm Reduction Unit (HRU in Santo André (São Paulo State was created to improve the health of people who either live or work on the streets: drug users, commercial sex workers (male and female, men who have sex with men, sexually exploited adolescents, transsexuals, transvestites, lesbians, and women working in brothels. This project was undertaken to evaluate the HRU from the perspective of its users. A semi-structured interview was administered to nineteen users from different segments of the populations served by the unit. The major weaknesses of the HRU were felt to be its inconsistent presence in some areas and the absence of psychologists to provide follow-up care. The unit was seen as promoting better health, increased use of condoms, reduction in drug usage, increased access and use of health care services, and less sharing of equipment used in drug consumption. Users see the HRU as a sympathetic presence whose ongoing work provides them with a sense of security and protection. The impact of the HRU went beyond harm reduction; users reported transformative changes such as increased awareness of their social rights and knowledge about how those rights can be demanded. Users had been given new tools to face their problems and seek access to education, work, and housing. Key words: harm reduction, illegal drugs, health service evaluation, social problems

  10. Individual determinants of fish choosing in open-air street markets from Santo André, SP/Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcellos, Juliana Parreira; Vasconcellos, Silvio Arruda; Pinheiro, Sonia Regina; de Oliveira, Thaís Helena Nishikata; Ribeiro, Naassom Almeida Souza; Martins, Cassia Neves; Porfírio, Bruno Augusti; Sanches, Sandra Abelardo; de Souza, Orlando Bispo; Telles, Evelise Oliveira; Balian, Simone de Carvalho

    2013-09-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of fish consumption in the population that attends open-air street markets in the city of Santo André, SP, Brazil.We performed a survey, covering approximately 482 people in 49 street markets.It consisted of free-answer questions, half open choice and half multiple-choice options, for the identification and evaluation of socioeconomic factors that facilitate and hinder fish consumption.A descriptive analysis of the data and further tests were used to determine the association between variables and linearity with consumption, with a significance level of 5%. The most commonly cited types of fish consumed were hake, sardine and dogfish. The factors that facilitate the purchase and consumption of fish are listed as follows: a preference for purchasing fish at street markets, appearance, firmness, fresh presentation, frozen presentation, as well as the respondent's education and individual monthly income. Limiting factors were identified as the price and the presence of spines. Perishability, odour, ethnicity, proximity to points of sale of residence and work, gender, age, number of people in the household, presence of children and acquisition supermarket were not characteristics that influenced decisions about fish consumption. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Adolescentes em situação de rua: prostituição, drogas e HIV/AIDS em Santo André, Brasil Street youth: prostitution, drugs and HIV/AIDS in Santo André-Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Lima Guerra Nunes

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi investigar as condições de vida de adolescentes do sexo feminino em situação de rua, envolvidas com o abuso de drogas e com a prostituição, visando orientar estratégias de prevenção às Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis - DST/AIDS. Foram entrevistadas sete adolescentes entre 14 e 19 anos, por meio de roteiro semi-estruturado com questões sobre escolaridade; desligamento da família; violência; histórico de uso de drogas, sexualidade e existência de DST/AIDS; vida na rua e futuro. Observou-se que os principais motivos que levaram essas adolescentes à rua foram violência doméstica; baixo nível sócio-econômico familiar e abuso de múltiplas drogas. As entrevistadas afirmaram conhecer medidas preventivas para as DST/AIDS, porém não as aplicaram aos clientes fixos e namorados. A análise dos resultados obtidos nesta pesquisa confirma a importância da criação de estratégias específicas para as DST/AIDS, além da adequação da rede educacional e de atenção psicossocial às necessidades das adolescentes para a garantia de seus direitos e conquista da emancipação.The aim of this study was to investigate living conditions of female street adolescents, who are involved with illicit and licit drugs, and with prostitution, in the city of Santo André, as well as to tailor strategies for STD/AIDS prevention. We have interviewed seven adolescents, aged from 14 to 19 years old, using a semi-structured questionnaire with questions about education, family disaffection, violence, living on the streets, history of drug use, sexuality, level of information about STD/AIDS, and hopes for the future. We observed that among the reasons for these adolescents to live on the streets were domestic violence, low socioeconomic level, and drug abuse. They stated that they are aware of STD/AIDS preventive measures, but they do not bring them into effect with steady partners and boyfriends. The analysis of our results

  12. Remediation Technology of Contaminated Areas with Organochlorines: A Preliminary Evaluation Seeking Potential Applications on the Site of Street Capua, Santo André - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Silva Ruiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is aimed to analyze the use of remediation technologies for areas contaminated with organochlorine based on a literature review and discussions with specialists. The remediation technologies analyzed were bioremediation, phytoremediation, nanotechnology, chemical oxidation, and thermal desorption. The purpose is to identify and compare “key problems” for each of these technologies envisaging the use of one or more of these them f or the remediation of the Capua Street site in Santo André, SP. Four databases were used in the preliminary literature review: Scopus, SciELO, Web of Science, and Science Direct. A survey questionnaire was designed to gather information on publications of scientific papers and patents, specific uses of these technologies by companies, and cases of application. Since the quality of the data and information obtained from this questionnaire application was not satisfactory, a new research approach for complementing them was undertaken. For this purpose, the Web of Science was selected as the most adequate data basis to carry out this second survey. However, it was realized that even for this database - that is reference for evaluating academic institutions, researchers and maturity of technologies – bias coming from the original data source can affect the survey results. Moreover, as the number of keywords used in the research consisted of generic terms for each technology, it can also be assumed that if some authors have used very specific terms, a small amount of work published by them would possibly have been misrepresented in the final result.

  13. The Cognitive and Functional Profile of the elderly that frequent the Community Center for the Elderly in the municipality of Santos, Sao Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalia Barros de Andrade

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The growing population must be accompanied by the promotion of healthy aging and maintain maximum functional capacity. Objective: To understand the cognitive and functional profile of the elderly who take part in the Community Center for the Elderly in Santos, Sao Paulo state. Method: Ninety elderly people were evaluated in this study. The following instruments were used: Social-demographic profile Questionnaire, Socialeconomic Questionnaire, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE, Subjective Memory Complaint Questionnaire (SMC-Q, Independence in Activities of Daily Living Scale (Katz Scale, and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (Lawton & Brody. Results: The average age of the elderly was 72.5 years old and the predominant gender was female (95.5%. There was a preponderance of participants from 1 to 4 years of education, and Class C was the predominant economic class. In the MMSE scores, 63.33% of the participants were below of the cutoff established for education, and in the SMC-Q, 71.11% of the elderly presented subjective dysfunction of memory. In the performance of Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADL, 84.44% of the participants are independent. As for the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL, only 33.33% of the participants are independent. In the statistical analyses between cognitive profile and functional performance, associations were found between MMSE and SMC-Q, MMSE and Lawton & Brody Scale, and SMC-Q and Lawton & Brody Scale. Conclusions: A significant portion of the elderly patrons of the Community Center presents functional decline and cognitive decline.

  14. Avaliação de política ambiental e sustentabilidade: estudo de caso do município de Santo André - SP Environmental policy assessment and sustainability: case study of Santo André City - SP - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Pellegrini Cezare

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A gestão da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo tem como um dos desafios resolver a problemática do uso e ocupação do solo em áreas de proteção de mananciais, visando proteção dos recursos hídricos desta região. Este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para a discussão sobre Avaliação de Estratégia de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, a partir de uma análise das políticas ambientais do Município de Santo André, no contexto da proteção dos recursos hídricos. Propõe-se a verificar, com base nos Princípios de Bellagio, se houve enfoque sistêmico, transparência, participação e engajamento social no processo de formulação e implementação de suas políticas ambientais. Observou-se coerência nas políticas, programas e ações estudadas, entretanto, foram identificadas lacunas que, sobre o enfoque estratégico, representam fraquezas na construção da sustentabilidade local, como no caso da ausência de um sistema consolidado de indicadores de sustentabilidade.The management of the São Paulo Metropolitan Area has as one of the challenges to bring a sustainable solution for land use in watershed protection areas, aiming at regional water resources protection. This paper has the objective to contribute to the discussion about Sustainable Development Strategy Assessment, from an analisys with focus at the environmental policies of the Santo André City - SP Brazil, in the context of water resources protection. For this, the proposal is to verify, based on the Bellagio Principles, the use of systemic approach, transparency, participatory process and social engagement in its policy formulation and implementation process. It was observed coherence within the policies, programmes and actions analysed, nevertheless, gaps were identified, which, within a strategic approach, means weakness for the construction of the local sustainability, as the lack of a consolidated sustainability indicators system.

  15. Fatores de risco para uso do tabaco em adolescentes de duas escolas do município de Santo André, São Paulo Risk factors for tobacco use in adolescent students of two high schools of Santo André city, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halley Ferraro Oliveira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar fatores de risco para uso de tabaco em estudantes de duas escolas do ensino médio do município de Santo André (SP em 2005, bem como traçar o perfil do adolescente experimentador do fumo. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com questionário padronizado, autoaplicável e anônimo aplicado a adolescentes escolares de ambos os sexos, matriculados no primeiro ano do ensino médio de duas escolas de Santo André, uma particular e outra pública. Foram levantadas as seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, raça, prática de esportes, religião e hábitos do adolescente e da família. Definiu-se como "experimentador do fumo" o adolescente que experimentou cigarro (tabaco e não continuou o hábito tabagista. Foi feita a análise descritiva com o teste do qui-quadrado e os fatores de risco para "experimentar fumo" foram analisados por regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Dos 232 questionários aplicados, 226 (90% foram respondidos, sendo 137 (61% na escola particular e 89 (39% na estadual. Dentre os entrevistados, 54 (24% referiram já ter experimentado tabaco uma vez na vida (35 na escola privada e 19 na pública. Foram fatores de risco significativos para experimentar fumo na escola particular: mãe fumante (OR 12,4; IC95% 4,1-37,8 e amigos fumantes (OR 9,6; IC95% 3,1-29,9. Na escola pública, os fatores de risco para a mesma variável foram: consumo de bebida alcoólica (OR 8,8; IC95% 1,9-40,1, amigos fumantes, (OR 7,9; IC95% 1,9-31,3 e contato com fumaça do cigarro (OR 6,4; IC95% 1,6-26,2. CONCLUSÕES: Observou-se influência significativa do meio ambiente do adolescente, inclusive social e familiar, para a experimentação do tabaco.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for tobacco use in high school students of two schools of the city of Santo Andre (São Paulo, Brazil in 2005, as well as to describe the profile of the adolescent who uses tobacco. METHODS: Cross sectional study that applied a standardized anonimous self

  16. Prevenção de anemia no primeiro ano de vida em centros de saúde do município de Santo André, São Paulo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szarfarc, S C; Berg, Gabriele; Santos, A L

    1996-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an iron prophylactic supplementation program, in three health centers of Santo André, in São Paulo state. The prevalence of anemia was identified in a control group consisting of 201 children of 1 year old. The intervention group consisted...... and anemia and its risk to children's health. When the children were 12 months old, the diagnosis of anemia was made through dosage of hemoglobin concentration and the results were compared with those of the control group. It was verified that the 2 groups presented similar prevalences. It is important...... to realize that children with low frequency of visits to the health centers had prevalence of anemia significantly higher than those with high frequency. Some factors that possibly contributed to the result of the intervention are discussed....

  17. Projeto político-pedagógico na creche: participação e protagonismo da equipe de funcionárias(os) de uma unidade da rede municipal de santo andré.

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Ana Luzia da Silva

    2015-01-01

    Esta pesquisa-intervenção analisa como professoras e funcionárias(os) compreendem a participação, o pertencimento e o protagonismo das(os) funcionárias(os) no processo de elaboração e acompanhamento do Projeto Político-Pedagógico (PPP) da creche no decorrer dos anos 2013, 2014 e 2015, ressaltando que a própria pesquisadora encontra-se na condição de diretora da unidade escolar. O universo da pesquisa é uma creche com crianças de zero a três anos de idade, localizada na cidade de Santo André-...

  18. Análise dos efeitos da judicialização da política pública de educação infantil: o caso de Santo André (SP)

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Marinella Burgos Pimentel dos

    2014-01-01

    O presente estudo tem como foco a análise dos efeitos da judicialização da política pública de Educação Infantil, com base nas informações referentes ao Município de Santo André, região metropolitana de São Paulo. O estudo traça um panorama geral sobre o processo de judicialização das políticas públicas e o marco referencial da Educação Infantil pública no Brasil. Em um segundo momento o estudo avança para a análise das informações sobre a influência da judicialização da política pública de c...

  19. A municipalização das ações de saúde e a assistência hospitalar: as respostas de Santo André e Diadema (1989-1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Barbosa do Nascimento

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available A oferta de serviços hospitalares diante do recente processo político-administrativo de descentralização e municipalização da saúde no Brasil surge como um desafio à gestão local. Produzir respostas imediatas, num contexto dinâmico, acelerado e não linear de incorporação política dos direitos sociais, associado à complexidade que envolve a assistência médico-hospitalar, conduz a uma necessária reflexão acerca das potencialidades e limites das diretrizes da atual política de saúde. As diferentes trajetórias do desenvolvimento dos projetos para a gestão de serviços hospitalares nos municípios de Santo André e Diadema inovam, diante dos aspectos conceituais e políticos da descentralização, as responsabilidade do poder local, apesar da complexidade da questão.The offering of hospital services in face of the recent politico-administrative decentralisation and municipalization of health process on Brazil comes up as a challenge to local management. The production of immediate responses within a dynamic accelerated non-linear context of political incorporation of social rights given the complexity involving medico-hospital assistance leads to a necessary reflection on the potentialities and limits of the directives of the current health policy. Despite the complexity of the issue the different trajectories of the hospital services management project development in the municipalities of Santo André and Diadema innovate the responsibilities of local power to meet the conceptual and political aspects of decentralisation.

  20. Relação entre situação social e crescimento físico, numa população infantil de Santo André, SP, Brasil Relationship between social situation and physical growth in children from Santo Andre, State of S. Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Stella Ferreira Levy

    1977-09-01

    Full Text Available Baseado em dados sócio-antropológicos e em medidas antropométricas coletados no Município de Santo André, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, foi analisada a população infantil de ambos os sexos e de treze idades diferentes (0, 3, 6 e 9 meses, 1 ano, 1 ano e meio, 2 a 8 anos. Foram utilizadas 3 variáveis independentes ISSE - índice de situação sócio-econômica da família (baseado nas inter-relações da média de gasto familiar mensal "per capita" e a instrução e ocupação do chefe da casa; CATANCES - construída a partir da informação sobre a nacionalidade dos ascendentes das crianças até 3ª geração; e Tamanho do Grupo Residencial. Como variáveis dependentes, utilizou-se a estatura, o peso e o Índice de Kaup. Considerando a relação positiva entre melhores condições de vida e desenvolvimento físico, constatou-se (através do teste de ordenação de médias de Duncan que, embora as médias das medidas diferissem segundo as variáveis independentes, isso não acontecia igualmente nas mesmas idades e nos dois sexos. Observou-se pelos resultados das análises de variância, na maioria das vezes significantes, que as variáveis selecionadas explicavam muito pouco da variação das medidas nas várias idades e sexos. Conclui-se que a amostra estudada, segundo as variáveis independentes deste estudo, difere entre idades em ambos os sexos. Isto levanta uma série de questões sobre quais as variáveis mais adequadas a estudos desse gênero. Sugere-se, consideradas as duas categorias de variável CATANCES, a utilização de duas "tabela padrão" para peso e altura, segundo regiões brasileiras. Quanto ao índice de Kaup, evidenciou-se a necessidade de ser encontrada uma função matemática específica para cada idade, uma vez que, ao menos em relação a crianças em crescimento, o índice não media aquilo a que se propunha.This article was based on some of the data collected in the county of Santo André, State of Sew Paulo

  1. [The sustainability of day-to-day life: a study of the social networks of users of mental healthcare service in the municipality of Santo André (SP, Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muramoto, Melissa Tieko; Mângia, Elisabete Ferreira

    2011-04-01

    Studies into social networks show that relationships have a significant impact on people's lives. When associated with the population suffering from mental disorders, they serve as an important protection factor and a manager of resources and social support. However, studies show that people with mental disorders have impoverished social networks and few significant relationships. In this perspective, this research sought to characterize the social networks of users of NAPS II in Santo André (SP, Brazil). Conducted in 2006, the qualitative research adopted an ethnographic approach and used interviews by topics, participant observation and field notes. The results revealed that the group studied had an impoverished social network; the life histories of the subjects is related to this impoverishment, since the disruptions caused by situations of crisis or institutionalization removed them from the network of relationships, placing them in a situation of social vulnerability. An attempt was made to address the importance of intervention in the relationships and the role of the services in this process.

  2. Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia de joelho do serviço de fisioterapia em hospital público de Santo André-SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cordeiro dos Santos

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A artroplastia de joelho é indicada para incapacidade grave resultante de dor, deformidade e função limitada como resultado de artrose, artrites reumáticas, osteonecrose e outras. Objetivo: Traçar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia de joelho do serviço de fisioterapia do Hospital Estadual Mário Covas (HEMC de Santo André-SP. Métodos: Estudo do tipo retrospectivo baseado em um levantamento dos prontuários de pacientes que se submeteram à cirurgia de artroplastia de joelho no período de janeiro de 2007 a dezembro de 2009, e que realizaram reabilitação no setor de fisioterapia do HEMC. Resultados: A média de idade encontrada foi de 69,1 anos, prevalecendo o sexo feminino em 56,7% dos casos. Na totalidade dos prontuários encontrou-se como etiologia a gonartrose e o tipo de cirurgia realizada foi a artroplastia total de joelho, sendo 89,1% cirurgias unilaterais. Dentre as comorbidades encontradas, a hipertensão arterial sistêmica apresentou prevalência em 81,08%, no pós-operatório obteve-se 67,5% dos casos sem complicações. O tempo médio de reabilitação fisioterapêutica foi de 2,6 meses, 72,9% dos casos obtiveram alta por objetivos alcançados. A análise realizada revelou cinco municípios diferentes de procedência dos pacientes tratados no serviço do HEMC. Conclusão: Ao se comparar os resultados com os achados bibliográficos recentes encontrou-se, em grande parte, proximidades entre os dados.

  3. Novas curvas de crescimento da Organização Mundial da Saúde: comparação com valores de crescimento de crianças pré-escolares das cidades de Taubaté e Santo André, São Paulo New World Health Organization growth standards: comparison with growth data of preschool children of the cities of Taubaté and Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Leone

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Em 2007, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS propôs um referencial de crescimento de cinco a 19 anos, a ser utilizado em continuidade ao referencial de menores de cinco anos (de 2006, que, entre outras características, aos cinco anos de idade mostra um bom ajuste com a curva de 2006. Este estudo visa comparar os referenciais da OMS com o crescimento observado em pré-escolares brasileiros. MÉTODOS: A partir dos dados antropométricos de 2.830 crianças com idade entre três e seis anos de duas amostras das cidades de Taubaté e Santo André, em São Paulo, foram calculados os valores dos percentis (P 5, 50 e 95 de peso, estatura e índice de massa corpórea (IMC. Os valores dos novos referenciais da OMS foram comparados a esses resultados de acordo com o sexo e a faixa etária. RESULTADOS: Nos percentis de estatura, o referencial apresentou valores próximos ou pouco superiores aos dos pré-escolares até os cinco anos. Nessa idade, a tendência se inverte, obtendo-se valores progressivamente inferiores até os sete anos. Para peso e IMC, em todas as idades consideradas, o P5 e 50 dos referenciais são pouco menores que os das crianças, mas o P95 indica uma tendência de crescimento progressivamente menor, fazendo com que, próximo aos sete anos, o P95 de IMC dos pré-escolares da amostra seja cerca de 4kg/m² maior. CONCLUSÕES: Os referenciais da OMS apontam uma prevalência menor de magreza (desnutrição e baixa estatura entre cinco e sete anos e, ao mesmo tempo, uma elevação importante da prevalência de obesidade entre três e sete anos de idade.OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization (WHO, in 2007, proposed a growth reference standard from five to 19 years to be used in continuation to the 2006 one (for children younger than five years-old. This growth chart shows a satisfactory adjustment at five years with the 2006 curve. This study aims to compare WHO references with the growth observed in Brazilian preschool

  4. Retrospective analysis of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma: preliminary experience from ABC School of Medicine, Santo Andre, Sao Paulo State, Brazil; Avaliacao retrospectiva do tratamento quimiorradioterapico concomitante em carcinoma epidermoide de cabeca e pescoco: experiencia preliminar da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo Andre, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borba Junior, Antonio Freitas [Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Oncologia Clinica; Giglio, Auro del [Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Hematologia e Oncologia]. E-mail: sandrabr@netpoint.com.br; Philbert, Paula Lajolo; Kaliks, Rafael [Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Hospital de Ensino

    2005-07-01

    Background: concurrent chemoradiotherapy constitutes an option for head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treatment. Although we found a high incidence of this tumor in our population, we do not have so far results reported for the Brazilian population. Methods: medical records from HNSCC patients who ere treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy between January 2001 to June 2004 were systematically reviewed. Results: twenty-two HNSCC patients were treated with chemoradiotherapy. The median age was 56 years. The primary tumor site was located in the oropharynx in 11, the larynx in 9 and hypopharynx in 2 patients. Most of the patients (86%) presented with stage III or IV disease. 19 (86%) patients were treated with Cisplatin 100 mg/m{sup 2} D1-22-43, and 3 (14%) patients used Cisplatin 20 mg/m{sup 2} weekly, concurrent with radiotherapy. Hematological and renal toxicity grade 3 or higher was seen in 58% and 10% patients, respectively. Eleven patients achieved a complete response and 8 a partial response. Median disease-free survival was 10 months and median overall survival was 25 months. (author)

  5. Vin Santo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domizio, Paola; Lencioni, Livio

    2011-01-01

    Vin Santo is the typical dessert wine produced in Tuscany, in particular, and in other areas of central and northern Italy, as well as on the Greek island of Santorini. It remains one of the most important "meditation wines", whose glamour starts with its ancient and mysterious origin. Italy is the country with the World's greatest tradition for sweet wine production. In this contest most of the steps in the Vin Santo making process are still linked to old local traditions. This chapter provides an overview of the different styles of Vin Santo produced in Italy together with its marketing. The main factors affecting grapes drying, alcoholic fermentation, maturation in barrels, are also described. So far there have been few scientific studies that have focused on Vin Santo. However, the increasing demand registered in the last few years for this kind of wine, is now greatly stimulating the research aimed to better manage its peculiar production process. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Peapiiskop Andres Põderi jutlus / Andres Põder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põder, Andres, 1949-

    2005-01-01

    Peapiiskop Andres Põderi jutlus oma ametissepühitsemise jumalateenistusel 2. veebruaril. Ilmunud ka: Põder, Andres. Pärimuste pöördepunkt : kõned ja kirjutised. - Tallinn : Kunst, 2007, 107-112

  7. Policonsumo simultâneo de drogas entre estudantes de graduação da área de ciências da saúde de uma universidade: implicações de gênero, sociais e legais, Santo André - Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Perpétuo Socorro de Sousa Nóbrega

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio transversal que busca comprender los patrones de poli-consumo simultáneo de drogas y sus consecuencias de genero, sociales y legales entre estudiantes universitarios. 275 estudiantes de las ciencias de la salud de pregrado de una universidad en Santo André, Brasil participaran en el estudio. El policonsumo simultáneo estuvo presente en 27,9% de los estudiantes de la muestra. Combinaciones: alcohol + marihuana; alcohol + medicamentos de prescripción; alcohol + tabaco + cannabis; tabaco + cannabis; y tabaco + medicamentos de prescripción. Razones: Para relajarse, perder inhibiciones, mantenerse despierto, ayudar a hacer algo que genera molestia y mejorar el efecto de otras sustancias. No se observó asociación entre circunstancias jurídicas y sociales, los hombres presentaron mayor poli-consumo que las mujeres, y la religión se presentó como un factor de protección para el poli-consumo, que fue menor que la encontrada en la literatura. Dado que se trata de futuros profesionales de la salud, las políticas institucionales deben ser analizadas con el fin de reducir la exposición y la vulnerabilidad a estas sustancias psicoactivas.

  8. Spatial and seasonal variability of trace-element concentrations in sediments from the Santos-Cubatao estuarine system, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Variabilidade espacial e sazonal da concentracao de elementos-traco em sedimentos do sistema estuarino de Santos-Cubatao (SP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luiz-Silva, Wanilson [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias]. E-mail: wanilson@ige.unicamp.br; Matos, Rosa Helena Ribeiro; Kristosch, Giane Chaves [UNESP, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Zoologia; Machado, Wilson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Geoquimica

    2006-03-15

    Multi-element analyses of sediment samples from the Santos-Cubatao Estuarine System were carried out to investigate the spatial and seasonal variability of trace-element concentrations. The study area contains a rich mangrove ecosystem that is a habitat for tens of thousands of resident and migratory bi some of them endangered globally. Enrichments of metals in fine-grained surface sediments are, in decreasing order, Hg, Mn, La, Ca, Sr, Cd, Zn, Pb, Ba, Cu, Cr, Fe, Nb, Y, Ni and Ga, relative to pre-industrial background levels. The maximum enrichment ranged from 49 (Hg) to 3.1 (Ga). Mercury concentrations were greater in the Cubatao river than in other sites, while the other elements showed greater concentrations in the Morrao river. Concentrations of Mn were significantly greater in winter and autumn than in summer and spring. However, other elements (e.g. Cd and Pb) showed the opposite, with greater concentrations in summer and spring. This study suggests that seasonal changes in physical and chemical conditions may affect the degree of sediment enrichment and therefore make the assessment of contamination difficult. Consequently, these processes need to be considered when assessing water quality and the potential contamination of biota.(author)

  9. Sao Paulo Map Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, G. Robert

    1985-01-01

    Describes geographical, subject, and chronological aspects of 25 cartographic collections housed in university, public, special, state, and semi-state libraries in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Three size categories of map holdings (more than 10,000, 1,000-10,000, less than 1,000) are distinguished. A list of 27 Sao Paulo institutions housing map collections…

  10. Reduction of greenhouse gases emissions listed in the Kyoto Protocol by the utilization of landfill gas using solid oxide fuel cells; Reducao das emissoes de gases de efeito estufa listados no protocolo de Quioto pelo aproveitamento do gas gerado em aterros sanitarios utilizando celulas a combustivel de oxido solido. Estudo de caso do aterro municipal de Santo Andre, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paris, Alexandre Gellert

    2007-07-01

    In the last few years, the Kyoto Protocol had been a subject very debated, at first, in a restricted niche, manly academics and professionals related to the area of climate changes. On 16th February 2005 the Kyoto Protocol entered into force and with this a lot of publicity all over the world, so today is common to hear about it at the mass communications media. The extension of the subject is broad, this work discuss the utilization of one the Kyoto's flexibility mechanisms, to contribute to financing the use of the landfill gas in the solid oxide fuel cells. Among the three mechanisms presented in the Kyoto Protocol, the clean development mechanism (CDM) in article 12, is the only one that can be implemented by non-Annex I countries, the case of Brazil. In other hand, the issue of solid waste in Brazil is critical. Even being illegal, most of the solid waste goes to uncontrolled areas in open air places 'lixoes', causing degradation of the environment and the communities around this areas, and also emission of green house gases (GHG), deregulating the global climate system. Decontaminate this areas and the construction of landfills to replace than, considering the landfill as a bioreactor, and the utilization of the biogas to generate power can improve nowadays picture that we are facing. The utilization of an innovative alternative technology as the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) instead the conventional technologies will be more efficient and environmentally better. Among other barriers the cost is pointed as the biggest. In this context, the SOFC is the most expensive fuel cell, so the utilization of CDM can contribute to finance the application of this technology. Scenarios were made of 250 kW, 500 kW, 1,000 kW, 5,000 kW and 10,000 kW of installed power using biogas from the Municipal Landfill of Santo Andre. The calculations of the emission factor were done ex ante and ex post according to ACM0002. Comparing the costs of the installed power

  11. Andres Ehin Jaapanist Iirini

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Andres Ehin valiti Ülemaailmse Haiku Assotsiatsiooni auliikmeks ja kirjaniku inglisekeelset luulekogu "Moose Beetle Swallow" esitleti 2005. aasta Euroopa kultuuripealinnas Corkis Iirimaal. Järgneb: Looming 2006, nr. 2, lk. 311

  12. La experiencia del partido dos trabalhadores en la alcadía de Sao Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio KOWARICK

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo, Lucio Kowarick y André Singer analizan la gestión del Partido dos Trabalhadores en la Alcaldía de Sao Paulo encabezada por Luiza Erundina. Con esta evaluación pretenden conocer la acción del PT a través de uno de sus principales elementos de construcción del PT, el gobierno de las ciudades, que complementa a los otros dos, la vinculación con los movimientos sindicales y populares y la acción parlamentaria.ABSTRACT: In this article, Lucio Kowarick and Andre Singer analyses the government of Sao Paulo by Partido dos Trabalhadores, with Luiza Erundina. With this evaluation, they try to know the action of PT through one of the main elements of contruction of PT, the government of cities. The other are links with trade unions and popular movements and parliamentarian action.

  13. Graafikatriennaali peapreemia Andres Talile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tallinna XII graafikatriennaali preemiad: grand prix - Andres Tali; 3 võrdset preemiat - Janne Laine, Leonards Laganovskis, Peeter Laurits; diplomid - Lynne Allen, Lucrecia Urbano, Vladimir Tshaika, Zora Stanè, Endi Poskovic, Päivikki Kallio; EKM preemia - Tif Bitmap; Tallinna linna preemia - Ülle Marks ja Jüri Kass; eripreemiad: - J. Laine (Eesti Pank), Vive Tolli (Paletti Eesti AS), Martins Ratniksh, Juris Boiko, T. Bitmap (Balteco AS). Žürii koosseis

  14. Andres Rõhu: kujundaja metsast / Andres Rõhu ; intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõhu, Andres, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Maalikunstnik Andres Rõhu sellest, kuidas temast sai raamatute kujundaja, parematest enda kujundatud raamatutest, südamelähedasematest eesti raamatukujundajatest, maal elamise eelistest. Loetletud A, Rõhu kujundatud teoseid

  15. Maailmaparandajad / Ole Ry, Susanne Andres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ry, Ole

    2012-01-01

    Terapeudid Ole Ry ja Susanne Andres räägivad Dr David Berceli loodud TRE (Tension & Trauma Releasing Exercises) harjutuste kasutamise kogemusest erinevate psüühiliste traumade ja pingetega klientide tervise parandamisel

  16. Carta al Presidente Eduardo Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletin Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    1958-09-01

    Full Text Available Carta de agradecimiento al Presidente de la Repúblia Eduardo Santos, escrita por el Gerente General del Banco de la República Iganacio Copete Lizarralde. En la cual le agradece por el obsequio de colecciones de impresos nacionales del siglo XIX a la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango.

  17. Vulkaner andre steder i Solsystemet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haack, Henning

    2007-01-01

    Der er vulkaner mange andre steder end på Jorden. De indre fire jordlignende planeter har, ligesom mange af solsystemets måner og asteroider, vulkaner, der dog for de flestes vedkommende er udslukte for mange hundrede millioner år siden. Der er direkte observeret vulkanudbrud på Jorden og på...

  18. Geim, Prof. Sir Andre Konstantin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2015 Honorary. Geim, Prof. Sir Andre Konstantin FRS. Date of birth: 21 October 1958. Address: Royal Society Research Professor, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK Contact: Office: (+44-161) 275 4120. Email: geim@manchester.ac.uk. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ...

  19. Suursaadik Andres Talvik : Prantsusmaa ei ole euroliidu laienemise pooldaja / Andres Talvik ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvik, Andres, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti suursaadik Prantsusmaal Andres Talvik Prantsusmaa presidendivalimistest, paremäärmuslase Jean-Marie Le Peni pääsemisest selle II vooru, prantslaste vastuseisust EL-i laienemisele, Prantsuse-Saksa suhetest. Andres Talviku elulooandmeid

  20. Socio-Environmental and Hematological Profile of Landfill Residents (São Jorge Landfill–Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivianni Palmeira Wanderley

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We are experiencing an unprecedented urbanization process that, alongside physical, social and economic developments, has been having a significant impact on a population’s health. Due to the increase in pollution, violence and poverty, our modern cities no longer ensure a good quality of life so they become unhealthy environments. This study aims to assess the effect of social, environmental and economic factors on the hematologic profile of residents of Santo André’s landfill. In particular, we will assess the effect of social, economic, and environmental factors on current and potential disease markers obtained from hematological tests. The research method is the observational type, from a retrospective cohort, and by convenience sampling in Santo André in the Greater ABC (municipalities of Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo and São Caetano do Sul, southeast part of the Greater São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil. The study determined a socio-environmental profile and the hematologic diseases screening related to a close location to the landfill. The disease manifests itself within a broad spectrum of symptoms that causes changes in blood count parameters. The objective of this work is to show that there is an association between social, environmental and economic factors and a variety of serious disease outcomes that may be detected from blood screening. A causal study of the effect of living near the landfill on these disease outcomes would be a very expensive and time-consuming study. This work we believe is sufficient for public health officials to consider policy and attempt remediation of the effects of living near a landfill.

  1. Socio-Environmental and Hematological Profile of Landfill Residents (São Jorge Landfill-Sao Paulo, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmeira Wanderley, Vivianni; Affonso Fonseca, Fernando Luiz; Vala Quiaios, André; Nuno Domingues, José; Paixão, Susana; Figueiredo, João; Ferreira, Ana; de Almeida Pinto, Cleonice; da Silva, Odair Ramos; Alvarenga, Rogério; Machi Junior, Amaury; Luiz Savóia, Eriane Justo; Daminello Raimundo, Rodrigo

    2017-01-11

    We are experiencing an unprecedented urbanization process that, alongside physical, social and economic developments, has been having a significant impact on a population's health. Due to the increase in pollution, violence and poverty, our modern cities no longer ensure a good quality of life so they become unhealthy environments. This study aims to assess the effect of social, environmental and economic factors on the hematologic profile of residents of Santo André's landfill. In particular, we will assess the effect of social, economic, and environmental factors on current and potential disease markers obtained from hematological tests. The research method is the observational type, from a retrospective cohort, and by convenience sampling in Santo André in the Greater ABC (municipalities of Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo and São Caetano do Sul, southeast part of the Greater São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil). The study determined a socio-environmental profile and the hematologic diseases screening related to a close location to the landfill. The disease manifests itself within a broad spectrum of symptoms that causes changes in blood count parameters. The objective of this work is to show that there is an association between social, environmental and economic factors and a variety of serious disease outcomes that may be detected from blood screening. A causal study of the effect of living near the landfill on these disease outcomes would be a very expensive and time-consuming study. This work we believe is sufficient for public health officials to consider policy and attempt remediation of the effects of living near a landfill.

  2. Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalea, Roger; Robertson, Susan

    2004-01-01

    Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Professor of Sociology, School of Economics, University of Coimbra and Distinguished Legal Scholar, Law School, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is also director of the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra. Santos is one of the outstanding theorists whose work is engaged with pressing social and…

  3. y Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. del Consuelo Chapela

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En la exploración teórico-metodológica del vínculo universidad-sociedad convocamos a dos grandes pensadores: Jaques Derridá y Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Derridá y de Sousa Santos son pensadores preocupados por identificar formas de potenciar y lograr el pensamiento crítico necesario para lograr una "universidad sin condición", resistir a los poderes hegemónicos, y para proponer caminos de entendimiento y acción en la consecución de los ideales de la Universidad Pública aún en el contexto de sometimiento económico y político en el que se intenta colocarlas. Aunque pertenecientes a campos del saber y corrientes del pensamiento diferentes, sus visiones y propuestas son insumos necesarios para la reflexión sobre la formación, condición y posibilidad de los vínculos universidad-sociedad.

  4. Sao Paulo pelletron accelerator: fortieth anniversary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Dirceu [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IF/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica

    2012-07-01

    Full text: This year the 8MV Sao Paulo Pelletron tandem accelerator completes 40 years . This electrostatic accelerator was installed in the Sao Paulo University in 1972 , and it was the first of this model constructed the National Electrostatic Corporation with several innovations particularly with respect to the new concept of accelerator tube and the charge system. In the talk will be discussed the performance of the accelerator during all these years and the main result scientific results. (author)

  5. Evolucion del estado nutricional de embarazadas atendidas en la red basica de salud, Santo Andre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fujimori Elizabeth

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El estado nutricional pregestacional y durante el embarazo fue evaluado en 372 gestantes, a través del indice de masa corporal y la Gráfica de Rosso, prospectivamente. Mitad de las mujeres presentó peso pregestacional normal, aún así 17,7% tenía bajo peso y 31,3% sobrepeso. En el tercer trimestre, 18,8% tenía bajo peso y 28,2% sobrepeso. El peso al nacer aumentó conforme la gestante fue nutricionalmente mejor natada. Estos resultados señalan que un control antropométrico adecuado posibilita monitorear nutricionalmente las embarazadas, preveniendo y/o controlando la ocurrencia de condiciones materno-fetales indeseables, hecho que reafirma la importancia de la ejecución de esta actividad como rutina en todo el control prenatal.

  6. Viagem(ns a Santos Journey(s to Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Luiz Cukierman

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo busca lançar algumas luzes sobre a construção do laboratório de Manguinhos, recontando um de seus episódios precursores: a viagem a Santos empreendida em 1899 por Oswaldo Cruz, um jovem médico às vésperas de tornar-se herói nacional enquanto símbolo brasileiro da ciência. Destinada a confirmar a chegada pela primeira vez da famigerada peste bubônica em terras brasileiras, a viagem constituiria um marco na justificação da construção de uma fábrica de soro antipestoso no Rio de Janeiro, o futuro Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurado em 1900 e no qual viria a ser instalado o embrião do laboratório de Manguinhos. A partir de quatro narrativas distintas, é possível verificar o processo de ‘criação do mundo’ através do qual cada uma delas realiza sua própria expansão do que seria aparentemente uma ‘mesma’ viagem, permitindo assim configurar a historicidade desses relatos.The article intends to shed some light on the creation of the Manguinhos laboratory by recounting an episode which predates it: the journey to Santos taken in 1899 by Oswaldo Cruz, a young physician about to become a national hero and the Brazilian symbol of science. Destined to confirm the arrival of the infamous bubonic plague in Brazil for the first time, this journey was a milestone in justifying construction of a factory to produce anti-plague serum in Rio de Janeiro - the future Instituto Soroterápico Federal, inaugurated in 1900 and later embryo of the Manguinhos laboratory. Four different narratives of this journey reveal different processes of ‘creating the world’, each arriving at its own interpretation of the same journey.

  7. The price of the natural gas in the producing states: Espirito Santo case; O preco do gas natural nos estados produtores: caso Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cometi, Darcy Lannes

    2008-07-01

    The State of the Espirito Santo will become until the end of 2008, one of the main producers and natural gas exporters of Brazil, where, according to PETROBRAS, the State will produce about 20 million /day m{sup 3}, what it will go to contribute significantly for reduction of the dependence of the Bolivian gas, and still to give support to the natural gas sector in Brazil. The Intention of this work, is to identify proposals so that it has left of the gas produced in the State of the Espirito Santo, has a differentiated price. It does not make sensible the State to pay for the gas that is removed in its proper territory the same price that paid Sao Paulo for the gas that consumes imported of national Bolivia. With the markdown of the gas the State will be able to attract investments of great transport, to generate job and income and to advance in the question of the regional development that is of great importance for the developed cities less. Important to stand out that this study it will present proposals to try to sensitize PETROBRAS, initiating a quarrel on the subject. (author)

  8. Cafe Lyon = Cafe Lyon / Andres Labi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Cafe Lyon (Meistri 22, Tallinn) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi, Kristel Jakobson (Ruumilabor). Prantsuse Lütseumi direktori Lauri Leesi arvamus. Disainibüroo Ruumilabor lühitutvustus

  9. Andres Noormets - olemuselt luuletaja, vormilt lavastaja / Andres Noormets ; intervjueerinud Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Andres, 1963-

    2010-01-01

    Andres Noormets endast, oma lavastustest, näitlemisest ja lavastamisest, elu mõttest, uue otsimisest oma teatritöödega, sellest, mis endiselt paelub teatris ja praegusi teatritegemisi enim mõjutab, ise kirjutamisest jm. Andres Noormetsa eluloolisi andmeid

  10. Greater Sao Paulo Newer Library Automation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Dulce Didio

    1991-01-01

    This followup to a 1981 study presents descriptions of automated projects or activities in academic, public, and special libraries or information centers in the Greater Sao Paulo region that developed from 1981 through 1987. It is noted that an overall increase in the level of automation since 1981 has been observed. (four references) (Author/MAB)

  11. Interview to Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Manuela; Dietz, Gunther

    2017-01-01

    In this interview, Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos addresses, on the one hand, the process of transnationalisation of universities and the neoliberalisation of the classical model of the European university. On the other hand, he stresses that the recognition of difference and internal pluralism of science, which have pervaded the…

  12. André Petermann (1922-2011)

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    The CERN theory community mourns the loss of André Petermann, one of the first members of the Theory Division, who passed away last August in his 89th year. He pioneered, together with his advisor Stueckelberg, the renormalization group, one of the fundamental ideas in quantum field theory that underlies the modern theory of phase transitions as well as asymptotic freedom and the quest for unification of all the particle interactions.   André was among the very first staff members of CERN, which at the beginning was a small group of theorists at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, headed by Bohr himself.  When the group moved to Geneva, they first occupied a set of barracks in Cointrin, next to the airport, before moving to the University of Geneva, and then finally settling on the Meyrin site. André was our last direct contact with our nomadic origins. The importance of André’s early work on the renormalization group was recogn...

  13. Andre on alati tantsida tahtnud / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2009-01-01

    Koolitantsu maakonnavoorud on peetud. Igast maakonnast pääsevad piirkonnavooru kuni pooled tantsud. Umbes sama edasipääsuprotsent on ka Andre Laine tantsudel, kelle koolitantsu vaimustus algas Kanepi Gümnaasiumi õpilasena ja kes praeguseks on selle gümnaasiumi tantsupedagoog

  14. Eesti fond rahastab Vene infotehnoloogiat / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2006-01-01

    Martinson Trigon Venture Partners (MTVP) loob uue tarkvarainvesteeringute fondi, mis viib endise NSVL-i alale kuni 780 miljonit krooni, fond võtab sihiks kümmekond uut ettevõtet. MTVP esimese fondi investeeringutest. Fondide juhi Andres Susi selgitusi. Lisa: Martinson Trigon Venture Partners osalusega firmad; Vt. samas: Moskvas pole raha ja geeniused kohtunud

  15. André Rousset 1930-2001

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    André Rousset in 1962 , seen working on BP3, one of the earlier bubble chambers, with André Lagarrigue (standing). André Rousset died on 1 July at the age of 70. For those who lived through the Gargamelle epic, his name is linked with the success of the great bubble chamber that made possible the 1973 discovery of neutral currents. A graduate of Paris's famous Ecole Polytechnique which produced so many great names in particle physics, André Rousset, a native of southern France, joined Louis Leprince-Ringuet's famous laboratory at the Polytechnique in 1954. Among other topics, Rousset played a part in the cosmic ray experiments at the Pic du Midi in the Pyrénées and designed heavy liquid bubble chambers. A Professor at the Ecole des Mines from 1960 onwards, he became deputy director of Louis Leprince-Ringuet's laboratory in 1964. In 1969 he came to CERN where, logically, he headed the TCL group in charge of heavy liquid bubble chambers. In thi...

  16. Andres Kollist teadusraamatukogude nõukogu esimeheks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    8. sept. 2009 valis teadusraamatukogude nõukogu oma uueks esimeheks Tallinna Ülikooli Akadeemilise Raamatukogu direktori Andres Kollisti, senine nõukogu esimees Martin Hallik astus kohalt tagasi ning pühendus ELNET Konsortsiumi juhatuse esimehena raamatukogude avalike huvide eest seismisele

  17. CRÔNICA DE SANTO DOMINGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Condina

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta crônica não pretende ser uma fria sucessão cronológica de datas e informações, o dia-a-dia da IV Assembléia de Santo Domingo, no estilo dos boletins emitidos diariamente pelo CELAM. Deseja antes ser um testemunho, que busca, mais do que a sucessão diacrônica dos fatos, o percurso de alguns momentos e temas mais significativos. Não é um calendário da Assembléia, mas uma vivência da experiência eclesial de Santo Domingo. É uma crônica vivida de fora da sala de reuniões e, inclusive, de fora da casa San Pablo, onde se celebrou a IV Assembléia.

  18. Las novelas juveniles de Care Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Barbadillo de la Fuente, M.ª Teresa

    2000-01-01

    Valoración de las tres novelas protagonizadas y dirigidas a los jóvenes publicadas por la escritora catalana Care Santos, teniendo en cuenta los asuntos que aborda,los personajes que aparecen, el uso de la lengua y la técnica narrativa. [ABSTRACT]Appraisal of three Catalonian writerCare Santos’ youthful stories touching on the plots, the characters, the language and the narrative technique.

  19. A study on elemental composition in epiphytic lichen samples used as bioindicator of air pollution in Sao Paulo city; Estudo sobre a composicao elementar nas amostras de liquen epifitico utilizado como bioindicador da poluicao aerea na cidade de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montezani, Edmila

    2010-07-01

    Studies on air pollution have intensified in recent years, due to the diversity of emissions and the effect caused to the health of populations. Consequently, several techniques have been investigated for air pollution evaluation and among them one that has gained considerable attention is that of biomonitoring. In this study chemical elemental levels in the atmosphere of Sao Paulo city were evaluated, by means of passive biomonitoring, using epiphytic Canoparmelia texana species, in order to compare between the results obtained in samples from different sites of Sao Paulo city and in a reference site of Ubatuba city, SP. Neutron activation analysis (NAA) procedure applied in the analyses consisted of irradiating aliquots of samples along with synthetic standards of elements in the nuclear reactor IEA-R1 for 16 hours under a thermal neutron flux of about 5.0 x 10{sup 12} n cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, followed by gamma ray spectrometry for the determination of As, Br, Ca, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, La, Rb, Sc, Se and Zn. Results obtained in the analyses of lichens samples in replicates presented good reproducibility indicating homogeneity of the prepared samples. The precision and accuracy of the results were evaluated by the analyses of certified reference materials IAEA-336 Lichen and INCT-TL-1 Tea Leaves. Results obtained in the reference materials presented, in general, good precision, with relative standard deviations between 0.4 and 14.8% and good accuracy with relative errors between 0.2 and 8.7%. In Sao Paulo city, the lichens were collected in the following sites: Parque Dom Pedro II, Congonhas, Cidade Universitaria, Lapa, Mooca, Morumbi, Nossa Senhora do O, Parque Ibirapuera, Pinheiros, Santana, Santo Amaro and Taboao da Serra. Element concentrations found in lichens indicated a great variability depending on the sites where the samples were collected. The results obtained in the lichens submitted to the cluster analysis indicated three groups of sampling sites

  20. Assessment of metal concentrations in muscles of the blue crab, Callinectes danae S., from the Santos Estuarine System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordon, Isabella C A C; Sarkis, Jorge E S; Tomás, Acácio R G; Scalco, Allan; Lima, Mariana; Hortellani, Marcos A; Andrade, Nathalia P

    2012-09-01

    This study determined the concentrations of eleven metals in the blue crab, Callinectes danae, from nine sites in the Santos Estuarine System of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The results were compared to guidelines established in the United States, Europe and Brazil for the safety of human consumers. Muscles of blue crabs were removed by dissection and concentrations of Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn Ni, Pb and Zn were determined. In general, the concentrations of metals were low, and the crabs were regarded as safe for human consumption. Crabs from a single site (site 4) exceeded the guidelines established by the United States and Europe, but not Brazil, for Pb, with a mean tissue concentration of 1.725 μg g(-1). With the exception of Al, Fe and Ni, significant differences were noted between sites in the concentrations of each metal in crab tissue.

  1. El cielo se llena de santos mexicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Zárate Toscano

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Preliminares A fines del próximo mes de julio, si Dios le conserva la vida y su salud se lo permite, el Papa Juan Pablo II elevará a la categoría de Santo al indio Juan Diego en una ceremonia en la ciudad de México, culminando así un largo, discutido y tortuoso proceso de canonización. Suerte parecida corrió en su momento el criollo Felipe de Jesús; sin embargo, otros miembros de la corte celestial de origen mexicano se han elevado a los altares de manera casi vertiginosa, como es el caso de ...

  2. Sobre o De Magistro, de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Azevedo Abreu

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo está dividido em duas partes. Primeiro, mostramos os diferentes papéis das citações presentes no De Magistio, de Santo Agostinho. Depois, comparamos a estrutura em que o texto está disposto com a teoria que é aí desenvolvida. A partir de tal comparação, podemos ver que, nesse texto, uma teoria da linguagem não é filosoficamente fundamental e que o diálogo não é a melhor forma de alcançar a verdade.

  3. Salt tectonics in Santos Basin, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quirk, David G.; Nielsen, Malene; Raven, Madeleine [Maersk Oil and Gas, Copenhagen (Denmark); Menezes, Paulo [Maersk Oil and Gas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    From Albian to end Cretaceous times, the inboard part of the Santos Basin in Brazil was affected by extension as salt flowed basinwards under the effect of gravity. Salt rollers, flip-flop salt diapirs and the famous Albian Gap were all formed by this process. Outboard of these extensional structures, contraction was taken up in a wide zone of thickened salt where salt collected. The overburden was carried on top of the salt as it flowed down-dip, with up to 40 km of translation recorded in Albian strata. (author)

  4. Impact of climate changes on the Santos Harbor, São Paulo State (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Alfredini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Santos Harbor Area (SHA in Sao Paulo Coastline (Brazil is the most important marine cargo transfer terminal in the Southern Hemisphere. A long term relative tidal level variability assessment shows a consistent response to relative sea level rise. A wave data base Wave Watch III was compared with a long term wave data-base generated by the ERA40-ECMWF (2003, both local validated. The current bed level of SHA Outer Channel is -15.00 m (Chart Datum or, in abbreviation, CD, maintained by dredging. According to the cargo throughput forecast, in 2025, the Access Channel will have to be deepened to level of -17.00 m. The feasibility of that choice is discussed from a technical, economical and conceptual navigation point of view in that context. A data set found from a scale model of the whole area of Santos Bay, Estuary and nearby beaches, showed the impact of maritime climate changes upon the coastal area. In the previous researches developed by the authors, it was demonstrated that the wave climate, the tides and tidal currents affect harbor and coastal structures maintenance, beaches stability, tidal inlet, sediment transport, saline intrusion and wetlands. Considering the increasing of the sea hazards and the high values of the infrastructures in that coastline, it is necessary to mitigate the risks. Hence, based on the results obtained by the authors, are highlighted guidelines strategies suggested for Access Channels dimensions, wharves free-board, jetties dimensions, dredging rates, rigid and flexible littoral defenses and land protection against flooding (including wetlands.

  5. Otomi de San Andres Cuexcontitlan, Estado de Mexico (Otomi of San Andres Cuexcontitlan, State of Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lastra, Yolanda

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Otomi, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in San Andres Cuexcontitlan, in the state of Mexico. The objective of collecting such a representative…

  6. Andres Võsand: hakkan ilmselt elukutseliseks kunstnikuks / Andres Võsand ; intervjueerinud Veiko Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsand, Andres, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Saksaamaal elava tennisisti Andres Võsandiga, kelle maalinäitus "Värvireisid" on avatud Kadriorus Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 30.10-28.11.2010. Tegelemisest maalikunstiga, näitusest, reisidest inspireeritud loomingust, tööst tennisetreenerina, tennisekarjäärist. Andmeid A. Võsandi elukäigu kohta

  7. [Health levels in San Andres Cholula].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez Martinez, A; Corro Fernandez, G; Balmaceda, M

    1991-12-01

    In matters of health and curing, the community of San Andres Cholula in Puebla, Mexico, demonstrates a syncretism similar to religious syncretism. Perspectives on illness and health consistent with the traditional medical practices of curanderos coexist with modern medical practices. Curanderos and physicians often treat the same patients. A curandero's powers are viewed as a special gift transmitted by God or the saints during a dream. The curandero effects a cure not only through knowledge of the medicinal plants, rites, and ceremonies, but by understanding the context of the patient. The Western medical concept of disease emphasizes a biological model and technological control, to the detriment of mental, behavioral, and social factors and determinants. The traditional medical concept stresses the relationship of the individual to the social and ecological environment. Improvements in life expectancy in the developing countries in recent years have been attributed to improved levels of living or to importation of vaccination programs, antibiotics, and similar technologies from the developed countries. The vital register of San Andres Cholula records many deaths whose cause cannot be easily interpreted according to the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases. It is clear, however, that the root cause of many deaths is malnutrition. The proportion of deaths caused by infectious diseases has declined in Mexico since 1940, but Puebla is still included among the states with the highest incidence. There are great regional and rural-urban mortality differentials in Mexico. In the past 50 years, the infant mortality rate has declined from 250 to 40/1000 live births in San Andres Cholula, more as a result of vaccination campaigns than of improved levels of living. 89% of children have been vaccinated, but the population still lives in about the same state of material comfort as it has for generations except that most households have televisions

  8. Oomycota (Straminipila da Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba, Santo André, SP, Brasil Oomycota (Straminipila from the Paranapiacaba Biological Reserve, Santo André, São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Lenk Gomes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante o período de novembro/2003 a novembro/2004, coletas trimestrais de amostras de água e solo foram realizadas na Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba, importante fragmento de Mata Atlântica localizado no estado de São Paulo, para estudo da diversidade de oomicetos. Para o isolamento destes organismos, as amostras foram tratadas pelo método de iscagem, que resultou na identificação de 35 espécies, das quais uma pertence a Leptomitales, quatro a Peronosporales, duas a Rhipidiales, e 28 a Saprolegniales, sendo descritas, comentadas e ilustradas neste trabalho as de ocorrência relatada no Brasil, das quais três são citadas pela primeira vez para o estado de São Paulo, Leptolegnia eccentrica Coker & Matthews, Pythiopsis humphreyana Coker e Pythiopsis irregularis Seymour, e 20 para a Reserva.From November/2003 to November/2004, water and soil samples were collected every three months in the Paranapiacaba Biological Reserve, an important fragment of Brazilian Atlantic rain forest, to study Oomycota diversity. To isolate these organisms, the samples were treated by the baiting technique, which resulted in the identification of 35 species: one belongs to Leptomitales, four to Peronosporales, two to Rhipidiales and 28 to Saprolegniales; in this paper we describe and illustrate, with comments, the species already mentioned for Brazil. Three are cited for the first time for São Paulo state, Leptolegnia eccentrica Coker & Matthews, Pythiopsis humphreyana Coker and Pythiopsis irregularis Seymour, and 20 for this area.

  9. Oomycota (Straminipila) da Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba, Santo André, SP, Brasil Oomycota (Straminipila) from the Paranapiacaba Biological Reserve, Santo André, São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Lenk Gomes; Carmen Lidia Amorim Pires-Zottarelli

    2008-01-01

    Durante o período de novembro/2003 a novembro/2004, coletas trimestrais de amostras de água e solo foram realizadas na Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba, importante fragmento de Mata Atlântica localizado no estado de São Paulo, para estudo da diversidade de oomicetos. Para o isolamento destes organismos, as amostras foram tratadas pelo método de iscagem, que resultou na identificação de 35 espécies, das quais uma pertence a Leptomitales, quatro a Peronosporales, duas a Rhipidiales, e 28 a Sa...

  10. Surface Airways Observations (SAO) Hourly Data 1928-1948 (CDMP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The dataset consists of hourly U.S. surface airways observations (SAO). These observations extend as far back as 1928, from the time when commercial aviation began...

  11. Le nom des Sao : Approche étymologique

    OpenAIRE

    Tourneux, Henry

    2008-01-01

    De nombreuses légendes courent sur l'origine des Sao (peuple mythique des abords du lac Tchad). L'auteur ne prétend pas ici aborder cette question, mais simplement étudier le sens étymologique du nom "sao", en faisant appel à la comparaison entre différentes langues kotoko de la région du bassin du lac Tchad.

  12. Total petroleum hydrocarbons and trace metals in tropical estuary of Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celino, Joil Jose; Oliveira, Olivia Maria Cordeiro de; Queiroz, Antonio Fernando de Souza [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Trigueis, Jorge Alberto [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil); Garcia, Karina Santos [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    As part of the environmental assessment within Todos os Santos Bay, State of Bahia - Brazil, in summer of 2005, superficial water and sediments samples of the mangrove were collected at five locations to determine the spatial distribution of anthropogenic pollutants in the Dom Joao estuary at the Sao Francisco do Conde Region. Sandy sediments with low organic matter content dominate the studied area. Trace metal levels indicated that sediments were moderately polluted with Cu (overall mean: 21.48 +/- 4.76 {mu}g.g-1 dry sediment), but not with Pb (15 +/- 8), Zn (38 +/- 10), Cr (15 +/- 7), Ni (13 +/- 6) and Cd (0.4 +/- 0.2). Depending on location, total petroleum hydrocarbons ranged from 1.6 to 10.6 {mu}g.g-1. To discriminate pattern differences and similarities among samples, principal component analysis (PCA) was performed using a correlation matrix. PCA revealed the latent relationships among all the stations investigated and confirmed our analytical results. Principal components analysis confirmed two regions according to their environmental quality. The results pointed out that almost all the area presented some substances that can cause adverse biological effects, especially in the outermost region where some metals are above TEL level. (author)

  13. Dissolved/dispersed petroleum aromatic hydrocarbons in the Sao Sebastiao Channel, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zanardi, Eliete; Bicego, Marcia Caruso; Weber, Rolf Roland [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Dept. de Oceanografia Fisica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-05-01

    A monitoring programme at Sao Sebastiao Channel, Sao Paulo, Brazil, was conducted in terms of dissolved/dispersed petroleum aromatic hydrocarbons (DDPAH) in water analysed by fluorescence spectroscopy. The study was done in order to establish a baseline data for this area and verify the petroleum hydrocarbon influence from the oil terminal (DTCS) and other human activities over the channel. The DDPAH concentrations on subsurface waters were low and only one station presented a chronic local contribution. An oil spill occurred in May 1994 and it was followed-up to verify its influence in this area. The obtained data were important to verity the influence of the oil spill along the channel. The oil spill reached the majority of the sampling stations, and the highest mean concentration found was close to the accident point (49.6 {mu}g I{sup -1}). Due to the intense wind driven currents of the Channel area, however, the elevation of the hydrocarbons levels in the surface waters was only temporary. (Author)

  14. Lugar e veneração dos santos hoje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilles, Urbano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A veneração dos santos, na América Latina, extrapola as fronteiras do catolicismo. Na igreja distancia o catolicismo da hierarquia do catolicismo do povo. O autor justifica, dentro de limites, a veneração dos santos, a partir de intercomunicação e do amor, sem desviar-se do cristocentrismo de fé cristã

  15. Eesti Energia esindused = Eesti Energia branches / Andres Labi, Janno Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Energia klienditeeninduse kontorite sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi ja Liisa Põime (Ruumilabor). Visuaalne identiteet: Tank.Teenuste disain: Urmas Pastarus. ESLi aastapreemiate žürii esimehe Kaido Kivi ning žürii liikme Raivo Puusepa arvamused

  16. "Vettpidavad allikad" = "Watertight sources" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis avatud näituse kujundasid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Krista Sarv. Graafiline disain: Identity. Eksponeeritud allveeuuringute käigus leitu. Arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Välja arvamus

  17. Jumalaema kiriku kellamees tuli Tartu Toome varemetesse / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    13. juulil esietendus Emajõe Suveteatris "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees". Victor Hugo romaani järgi tegi instseneeringu Urmas Lennuk, lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov. Mängitakse Tartu Toomkiriku varemetes

  18. Andres Tolts 60 : omanäoliste vaikelude imeline maailm / Andres Tolts ; intervjueerinud Tiina Kolk ; kommenteerinud Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tolts, Andres, 1949-2014

    2009-01-01

    Andres Toltsi näitused "Asjad" Hobusepea galeriis 12. oktoobrini, "Näitus" Tallinna Kunstihoones 25. oktoobrini, "Varane Tolts" Haus galeriis 13. novembrini. Pikemalt näitusest "Näitus", kuraator Harry Liivrand

  19. Filariasis and erisipela in Santo Domingo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, A L; Ureña Rojas, C A; Ayoub, E M; Ottesen, E A; Harden, E G

    1998-06-01

    This study examined acute-convalescent changes in diagnostic anti-streptococcal antibodies by the anti-streptolysin O (ASO) and anti-DNAase B (ADAB) tests among patients (n 28) with lymphedema and recurrent erisipela of the lower limb, comparing them with endemic normal control residents (n=25). The study was based in Villa Francisca, an urban focus of Bancroftian filariasis in eastern Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic. The acute signs and symptoms of erisipela were consistent with a diagnosis of bacterial cellulitis. The ASO test was especially successful at demonstrating a rise in mean titer during convalescence, whereas the ADAB produced about the same frequency of significant increases (0.2 log titer) as did the ASO. When subjects were scored as responders if mounting a minimal titer increase by either test, patients were found more frequently positive than were controls (chi2=5.3, P=0.02). About half (54%) of all patients mounted at least a minimal antibody increase. Filaria-specific IgG4 antibodies were absent from all sera of 20 residents of a nonendemic Dominican mountain town but appeared in about two-thirds of the sampled residents of the endemic barrio. Notably however, levels did not change between the acute phase and convalescence. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that recurrent streptococcal invasion of the lymphatics may be a significant factor triggering or amplifying lymphedema and elephantiasis in patients with chronic filariasis.

  20. Sao Paulo jätkab biennaali / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Sao Paulo biennaal sai 50aastaseks. Kuni 29. VII toimunud juubelinäitusest. 2002. a. leiab aset XXV Sao Paulo biennaal "Metropoliikonograafiad", kus esinevad kunstnikud kaheksast maailma suurlinnast.

  1. Demodex og andre ektoparasitter hos danske katte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Memborg Jensen, Mia C.; Boysen, Lene; Thamsborg, Stig Milan

    2015-01-01

    Raske katte og katte med hudforandringer blev undersøgt for at belyse forekomst og betydning af Demodex. En tredje gruppe af aflivede vild- og tamkatte blev desuden undersøgt for forekomst af andre ektoparasitter. Forskellige diagnostiske teknikker blev anvendt og evalueret i undersøgelsen. I alt...... indgik 176 katte, som blev undersøgt ved hårpluk, hudskrab, tapetest, flotation affæcesprøve, øreskrab samt kæmning af pelsen. Demodex spp. blev fundet hos tre katte, og hos én af disse blev iagttaget klinisk demodicose. Demodex spp. blev ikke påvist i gruppen af raske katte. Den samlede forekomst af...... ektoparasitter hos de aflivede vild-og tamkatte var 57%. Følgende ektoparasitter blev påvist: Ctenocephalidesfelis felis, Otodectes cynotis, Ixodes spp., Felicola subrostrata,Cheyletiella blakei og Demodex spp.. Alle de anvendte diagnostiske teknikker var effektive til påvisningen af forskellige ektoparasitter...

  2. Automation in the Libraries of the City of Sao Paulo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Twenty selected Sao Paulo, Brazil, librarians who were interviewed indicated that, in their opinion, the development of library automation in this city is hampered by poor resources and cooperation, lack of professional and technical automation expertise, communication, and other psychological, organizational, and human related factors.…

  3. Promoting the Earth Charter in Sao Paulo's Municipal Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inojosa, Rose Marie

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the process of widespread teacher training based on the Earth Charter in the municipal area of Sao Paulo, Brazil, South America. This effort diffused knowledge of the Earth Charter through 800 educators and by means of them, to one million children. This process was developed by the team from UMAPAZ--Open University of the…

  4. Constructing a Public Popular Education in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Pia Lindquist

    1995-01-01

    Examines school reform implemented by Paulo Freire and the Workers' Party in Sao Paulo during 1989-92. Focuses on various institutional mechanisms created to support teachers' efforts to learn the skills necessary for realization of reform objectives. Appendices list reform objectives and outline phases and activities in a teacher-directed…

  5. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alarcón

    Full Text Available La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocumentados en Tijuana, Baja California, México: Santo Toribio Romo, el "Santo Pollero" que fue canonizado en 2000, el Beato Juan Bautista Scalabrini, fundador de los Misioneros Scalabrinianos y Juan Soldado quien surgió de la religiosidad popular.

  6. Andres Tali sõnavõtt ettekannete päeval = Andres Tali's speech given on the lecture day / Andres Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Andres, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse ettekannete päev "Kunstnike moraalsed valikud kultuurikonfliktides" 27.04.2006 Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma installatsioonist "Pastoraalne pastishsh" ning videost "Vägivald ja propaganda - The Movie" samas 8.04.-28.05.2006 avatud Elin Kardi, Marko Mäetamme, Marco Laimre ja Andres Tali ühisnäitusel "Vägivald ja propaganda"

  7. Elemental detection in muscle of flatfish Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes) from Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazilian coast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, Maria Luiza Chiste Flaquer da; Dias, June Ferraz [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico. Laboratorio de Ecologia Reprodutiva e do Recrutamento de Organismos Marinhos; Dias, Johnny Ferraz [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, ES (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica. Laboratorio de Implantacao Ionica

    2013-07-01

    Full text: Studies on the presence of elements, including metals, in organisms can prevent both degradation of aquatic systems and the bioaccumulation of elements especially those that offer risk to human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence elements in the muscle of two species of flatfish, Achirus Iineatus and Trinectes paulistanus (Achiridae, Pleuronectiformes), using Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE). This technique is considered one of the most sensitive for detecting trace metals in biomaterials. These flatfish specimens are considered residents in Santos Bay, central coast of Sao Paulo state, and they were caught monthly throughout the year 2005 and sorted by size and maturity stage as juveniles and adults. The two species have no spatial overlap and this allows a mapping of the Santos Bay for the presence of bioavailable metals and other elements. Sampling was done in six distinct points in the Bay, under different antropic influences: two along the beaches, one in the vicinity of the out fall diffuser and three along the entrance of the bay. Results from 54 samples of muscle allowed detect the following elements: aluminium (AI), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), strontium (Sr), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). There were no correlation with the levels of sediment contamination for most metals analyzed in muscles, with the exception of copper and also no clear pattern of differential level of metals between young and adult specimens of A. Iineatus and T. paulistanus. According to the maximum tolerance values of the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria -ANVISA), fish muscle presented levels of contamination above the permitted for human consumption, mainly for some elements: mercury, in samples from the internal area; arsenic, in samples from west side and selenium, in samples from east side of the bay. (author)

  8. André Danjon et l'informatique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsac, J.

    There is not any paper by André Danjon about computer science. The only way to know his ideas about it is through his action. At the end of the fifties, several scientists in astronomy and astrophysics had been convinced that a computer would be of great help in their research works. André Danjon immediatly agreed that it was a good idea. He greatly supported them in the process of having a computer bought by the Meudon Observatory. A computing center was started there in 1959. As soon as 1957, André Danjon had initiated a French association for computing, the "association française de calcul". This association provoked a world meeting of associations for information processing in Paris in 1959, where the IFIPS has been created.

  9. André Gide e o discurso imoralista

    OpenAIRE

    Betancur, Juan David González

    2016-01-01

    O presente artigo apresenta aspectos do discurso do autor francês André Gide em relação ao assunto da homossexualidade a partir de suas obras O imoralista, Corydon e O pombo torcaz, as quais foram ponto de partida para a criação de um espetáculo teatral. O criador do espetáculo localiza a obra de André Gide dentro de seu imaginário sobre a homossexualidade e, a partir dos materiais que lhe fornece esse discurso, descreve o que seria a imoralidade na proposta do francês.

  10. Santo Domingo School: A Rural Schoolwide Project Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    C de Baca, Mary Rose; And Others

    1991-01-01

    The schoolwide project option of the 1988 Hawkins Stafford Amendments to Chapter 1 allowed a rural school serving a disadvantaged Native American population to restructure its compensatory and regular education services. Santo Domingo school (New Mexico) illustrates the ways modifications of federal law and policy benefit children. (SLD)

  11. Antimicrobial activity of Agave sisalana | Santos | African Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antimicrobial activity of Agave sisalana. JDG Santos, A Branco, AF Silva, CSR Pinheiro, AG Neto, APT Uetanabaro, SROD Queiroz, JTA Osuna. Abstract. This study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of extracts of the leaves and leaf waste discarded in the process of obtaining the hard fibers of Agave ...

  12. Respuesta a Raúl Martínez Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natàlia Balagué Serre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Las autoras del trabajo titulado “Unificar las cièncias del deporte” (núm. 114, julio-sep. 2013, responden a la réplica enviada por el Prof. Raúl Martínez Santos titulada “Reflexiones y condiciones para una unificación de las ciencias del deporte” .

  13. Characteristics and Trends of Luxury Commerce in Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Henrique Costa Da Silva, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the consolidation of consumption as prime stage of the production process and the diffusion of new forms of commerce in the city, as foundations for analyzing the urban space reproduction process in the contemporary period. Having as research place the metropolis of Sao Paulo - Brazil, we conducted an analysis and some thoughts on the place of commerce and consumption of luxury goods in the urban space reproduction process, analyzed from the perspective of the exten...

  14. Crime in Sao Paulo's metro system : sexual crimes against women

    OpenAIRE

    Ceccato, Vania; Paz, Yuri

    2017-01-01

    The article investigates personal safety conditions in the Sao Paulo metro, the largest rapid transit system in Brazil. The study looks at all types of crimes, but devotes special attention to the nature and spatio-temporal dynamics of sexual crimes against women while in transit. The methodology combines Geographical Information System and crime records with data collected using Google Street View and other secondary data into a set of regression models. Findings show that sexual violence is...

  15. Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe; Statistical Appendix

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    The statistical data on gross domestic product and expenditure, land distribution, production of principal agricultural crops, energy production and consumption, imports of petroleum products, cost structure of petroleum products, consumer price index, and financial transactions of the central government of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome have been presented. The summary accounts of banking institutions, structure of interest rates, composition of exports, import, and terms-of-trade indic...

  16. SEGMENTATION IN TOURISTIC SECTOR: LGBT TOURISTS OF SAO PAULO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Sanitá Azevedo

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to present the tourism segment LGBT (Lesbian, Gays, Bisexual and Transgender of Sao Paulo city and gather information about his profile as important support for the tourism sector in defining their marketing strategies. It was carried out an exploratory and statistical data from government and representatives of this public for a description and analysis of data on the composition and profile of this segment, as well as the strategies being used by companies to captivate it and loyalty it. It also composes a Descriptive Study carried out by the Tourism Observatory of São Paulo next to the participants of the Sao Paulo Gay Parade in 2011. As results, it appears that LGBT public presents behavioral particularities as buyers of tourist products, providing during their stay, higher investments than others tourism segments, because it comes as a tourist for a longer period of stay in Sao Paulo, thus leaving more financial resources in the city. It also presents as results, examples of effective use of differentiation strategies by organizations, attraction, service and loyalty in this segment.

  17. Parts harvendas ootamatult Eesti Energia nõukogu / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2011-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts otsustas 1. juulil päevapealt Eesti Energia nõukogu liikme kohalt tagasi kutsuda Aivar Reiviku ning Rein Kuusmiku, kes olid vastu Eesti Energia üle viie miljoni euro suurusele investeeringule Weroli rapsiõlitehase juurde rajatavasse elektri- ja küttejaama. Uuteks nõukogu liikmeteks said Andres Saame ja Toomas Tauts

  18. Peaosa nii teatrilaval kui ka kinolinal / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    Natalja Murina-Puustusmaast, kes mängib peaosa Vene Teatri uuslavastuses "Besame mucho", mille Afolf Käis on lavastanud Eduardo de Filippo näidendi "Silinder" järgi, ja Andres Puustusmaa filmis "Rotilõks", mille võtted algavad peagi

  19. Kino, Theater, Fernsehen : André Bazins Publikumstheorie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanich, Julian; Mundhenke, Florian; Weber, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    What did the great French film theorist André Bazin think of the collective experience in the cinema? What did he write about the influence co-viewers can have on the emotional engagement, the evaluation and the interpretation of a film? In short: What was his audience theory? To be sure, Bazin is

  20. Andres Sütevaka näitus Stockholmis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Sütevaka Andrese abstraktsete maalide näitus Stockholmi Eesti Majas. Sütevaka Andres ja näituse avamisele sõitnud tema loomingu kollektsionäär Matti Milius kohtusid Moderna Museeti direktori David Elliotiga teadvustamaks Tartu ja Pärnu kunstielu.

  1. Mis siis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega? / Õie Orav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orav, Õie

    2011-01-01

    Režissöör Grigori Kromanovi filmist "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1965). Osades: Einari Koppel, Ita Ever, Heino Mandri, Kaljo Kiisk, Uno Loit, Ada Lundver jt. Lühidalt filmi kohta ilmunud arvustustest. Filmi näeb ETV2-s sarjas "Unustatud filmid"

  2. Kommest Auto ostmisest huvitub ka Hillar Teder / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Kommest Auto ostmise vastu tunnevad huvi suurärimees Andres Sarri, Rootsis Peugeot' sõidukeid müüv Taani päritolu K. W. Bruun Import ja multimiljonär Hillar Teder, kellele kuulub Audisid müüv Reval Auto

  3. Mis on looming.org? : elektrooniline heli / Andres Lõo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõo, Andres

    2004-01-01

    Võrguajakirjast www.looming.org, kuhu kogutakse infot põhiliselt kahe jaotuse põhjal: muusika ja helieksperimentalism ning kaasaegne kunst, kunsti ja meediaga seonduv. Idee autorid: Hanno Soans ja Andres Lõo. Ilmunud on looming.orgi esimene muusikakogumik "Lilled algebrale"

  4. Andres Noormets : filmilik fantaasiateater lohe ja armastusega / Dea Martinjonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinjonis, Dea

    1999-01-01

    "Meremaa võlur. Päeva kaldad", näidend Ursula K Le Guini "Meremaa võluri" teemadel, kirjutanud Andreas W ja lavastanud Andres Noormets, kunstnik Silver Vahtre, valguskunstnik Airi Eras, helikujundaja ja videograafik Andreas W. Esietendus Ugalas 29. aprillil

  5. The basic and ultrabasic dikes from the coast region between the Sao Sebastiao and Ubatuba cities, Sao Paulo State, SP, Brazil; Os diques basicos e ultrabasicos da regiao costeira entre as cidades de Sao Sebastiao e Ubatuba, estado de Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garda, Gianna Maria

    1995-12-31

    The coastline between Sao Sebastiao and Ubatuba cities and the shores of Sao Sebastiao, Anchieta and Mar Virado islands (Sao Paulo State, Brazil) are crosscut by several small swarms and isolated dykes trending N55E. The main rock types range from basic to intermediate, but also a conspicuous variety of alkaline lamprophyres occur side by side with the main group. The thickness of the basic to intermediate dykes vary widely, from a few centimeters to several metres, while the lamprophyres are a few tens of centimeters thick. The objective of this thesis is the petrographic, mineralogic, petrochemical and isotopic characterization of the basic and ultrabasic dykes that occur between the Sao Sebastiao and Ubatuba cities (State of Sao Paulo), also including some occurrences from the Sao Sebastiao, Mar Virado and Anchieta islands and from the Bairro Alto region (Folha de Natividade da Serra). The petrogenetic model presented is based in the national and international bibliography. (author) 146 refs., 44 figs., 24 tabs.

  6. Pesquisa de Trichinella spiralis em roedores capturados na zona portuária de Santos An investigation of Trichinella spiralis in rodents captured in the Santos dock area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Vianna Paim

    1979-03-01

    Full Text Available Examinaram-se 594 diafragmas de roedores capturados na zona portuária de Santos tendo em vista a procura de larvas de Trichinella spiralis. Todos os diafragmas examinados estavam negativos.Five hundred and ninety-four diaphragms of rodents captured in the Santos dock area were examined for Trichinella spiralis. The results of the examinations were negative.

  7. Una feliz coincidencia... ¿Culpará Santos a Uniandes?

    OpenAIRE

    Ospina, Lucas

    2011-01-01

    El Presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, dio un discurso hace mes y medio, en la capital del país, en la Universidad de los Andes. El supradirigente nacional repasó dos temas de forma concisa: la reforma a la ley de educación superior que tramitaba su gobierno y la educación superior que él recibió.

  8. Assimilation Studies Off Cape Sao Vicente (southern Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitorino, J.; Monteiro, M.

    In April 2001 the Portuguese Navy conducted a naval exercise (Swordfish 2001) in the area off Cape Sao Vicente, in the southwest tip of Portugal. The operational environ- mental assessment (OEA) component of this exercise, conducted by Instituto Hidro- grafico, intended to provide forecasts of the oceanographic conditions to the naval forces. A program of observations, which included CTD casts to maximum depth of 2500m and AXBTs casts to maximum depth 1000m, was conducted in the area be- tween 35zN and 39zN and from 7zW to 12.5zW. Forecasts of the oceanographic con- ditions were produced using the Harvard Ocean Prediction System (HOPS) with as- similation of the hydrographic data. The period covered by the exercise was character- ized by predominant southerly winds, forcing upwelling conditions along the western Portuguese coast. These conditions promote the development of a large cold upwelling filament that extended a few hundreds of kilometers southwards Cape Sao Vicente. In this communication we present several results obtained for the period between 18 to 28 April 2001, marked by an event of two days of inversion of the upwelling favor- able. The numerical runs were obtained using two nested domains, one covering the global area of observations and the second one covering the shelf and slope area off Cape Sao Vicente. Double-sigma coordinates were used in both domains, with a total of 20 sigma levels. The surface forcing used the wind fields generated by ALADIN- Portugal, a limited area model (12.7-km grid resolution) nested on a global model (ARPEGE).

  9. Analysis of Deuteron-Nucleus Scattering Using Sao Paulo Potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibraheem, Awad A.

    2016-12-01

    Deuteron elastic and inelastic scattering from 6Li, 12C, 16O, 24Mg, 32S, 50V, 58Ni, 70Ge, 90Zr, and 116Sn targets at different incident energies have been analyzed. Both Phenomenological Woods-Saxon and double-folding optical model potentials have been used. The folding calculations were based upon the Sao Paulo potential. A semi-microscopic representation has been proposed to study the effect of the dynamic polarization potential. Comparisons between our results and measured angular distributions of the differential cross sections showed a pronounced success of our theoretical predictions. The corresponding reaction cross sections have also been investigated.

  10. Clinical engineering & equipment policy for Sao Paulo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, B

    1990-01-01

    A comprehensive equipment policy was established for the health system of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Research, development and regulation issues were integrated with all phases of the equipment life cycle, including: planning, procurement, acceptance testing, commissioning, maintenance, repair, refitting, and decommissioning. This policy was implemented by a multidisciplinary group, which advised and coordinated planning and procurement, created a technology management and maintenance network composed of clinical engineering teams and reference centers, and worked closely with manufacturers, universities and research institutes to improve the quality and increase the variety of domestic medical products in order to substitute for imported devices.

  11. Natural gas processing optimization in Espirito Santo plant; Sistema de otimizacao aplicado ao processamento de gas natural no Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunes, Carlos Henrique de Oliveira; Costa, Fernando Lourenco Pinho da; Mazzini, Filipe Ferreira; Campos, Flavia Schittine [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Oliveira, Fabricio Carlos; Hamacher, Silvio [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work introduces the MODEP system, which was developed by PETROBRAS in association with PUC-Rio. The system objective is to support the gas processing and flow planning for the Espirito Santo PETROBRAS. The MODEP core is a non linear optimization model that allows the user to optimize the production of gas as well as to optimize the net present value. In addition, the system offers to the user a comprehensive asset of the gas network since its production fields until the products selling points. The development of this system was motivated by the sharp increase of the Espirito Santo gas production capacity as well as the increase in the number of its processing units. (author)

  12. Regional inequalities in Espirito Santo: perspective of petroleum exploration; Desigualdades regionais no Espirito Santo: perspectivas da fronteira de exploracao petrolifera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Viviane Mozine [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Do donate the subject of the present article look to know the possible impacts about the space distribution of the wealth before the tendencies of exploration of petroleum and natural gas in the Espirito Santo it goes: will it be the exploration activity and production of petroleum and natural gas an element of increase of problems of the regional inequalities? The central object is to examines the the distribution of petroleum royalties among the state region, enforcing or finishing it. (author)

  13. Los santos dominicos y la propaganda inquisitorial en el convento de Santo Tomás de Ávila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caballero Escamilla, Sonia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we analyze the paintings of the Saint Domingo of Guzmán, Saint Thomas of Aquino and Saint Peter of Verona of the monastery of Saint Thomas in Ávila and their iconography in relation to the original historical context. The interpretation of the images shows some aspects about the person who commissions the paintings and who designed the message, the inquisitor Torquemada, as well as his aim.

    En este artículo analizamos las pinturas de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Tomás de Aquino y San Pedro de Verona del Convento de Santo Tomás de Ávila y su iconografía en relación con el contexto histórico original. La interpretación de las imágenes revela algunos aspectos de la persona que, hipotéticamente, encargó las pinturas y que diseñó el mensaje, el inquisidor Torquemada, así como sus objetivos.

  14. Mida teeks tulevane kultuuriminister 500 miljoni krooniga? / interv. Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Suuremate erakondade kultuurispetsialistid (kultuuriministrikandidaadid) Urmas Paet, Andres Herkel, Peeter Jalakas, Indrek Saar, Jaak Allik, samuti kultuuriminister Raivo Palmaru vastavad küsimustele, mis on suurimad ohud eesti keele ja rahvuskultuuri säilimisele, milline on kultuuriministeeriumi ja -ministri portfelli staatus praeguses valitsuses, kas kultuuri rahastamine riigieelarvest on piisav, mille poolest erineb nende erakonna nägemus kultuuripoliitikast teiste erakondade omast, kuhu nad suunaksid 50, 500 miljonit, kui see oleks nende käsutuses

  15. Tallinna Lennujaama kauba- ja tolliterminaal. Lennujaama 2, Tallinn / Andres Põime

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põime, Andres

    1998-01-01

    Kaubateeninduskeskuse puhul on tegemist suure, plaanimõõtudes 36x102 meetrise metallkonstruktsioonis, sandwich tüüpi paneelidega kaetud laohoonega, kus ühelt poolt tuuakse tollitav kaup lennukitelt sisse ja teiselt poolt viiakse tollitud kaup välja. Peatöövõtja : Normanni Linnagrupi AS. Ehitaja : Merko. Peaprojekteerija : K-Projekt. Arhitektuurne lahendus : Stuudio 3. Arhitekt Andres Põime ; töögrupp Vivian Oruvee, Tiiu Raudsepp, Reet Põime. Projekt 1997-98, valmis 1998.

  16. Revolver, kala ja harmoonia / Andres Tolts ; intervjueerinud Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tolts, Andres, 1949-2014

    2009-01-01

    Andres Toltsi juubelinäitused Tallinnas: "Näitus" Tallinna Kunstihoones 25.9-25.10, "Asjad" Hobusepea galeriis 30.9-12.10, "Juubelinäitus" Haus galeriis 8.10-13.11. Kunstnik räägib oma loomingust, revolvri ja kala motiivist oma töödes, mõttekaaslusest, eestiaegsest maailmavaatest, harmooniast ja isikupärast kunstis ning elus, ilust ja inetusest, kaasaja kunstnike vajadusest oma loomingut sõnade abil seletada

  17. Medical genetics services in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunoni, Decio

    2004-01-01

    The city of Sao Paulo is located in the center of a metropolitan area with nearly 18 million inhabitants and 300,000 births/year. The currently existing medical genetics services are unable to meet the demand, due to their insufficient physical and personnel infrastructure. Institutions and experts in medical genetics could give short training and refresher courses to health professionals to enable them to work in the public health network. The city has a reasonably well developed health care network, represented by the Single Health System (Sistema Unico de Saude - SUS) and by the Family Health Program (Programa de Saude da Familia - PSF). The financial resources for such actions originate in the budget of the managing agencies of such systems. The limitations of genetic services provided to the population of the city could be overcome in a short period of time by developing programs within the public health care network. The city has institutions, professionals and financial resources to make this project feasible. To that end, the competent authorities of the Sao Paulo State and City Secretariats of Health should take managerial responsibility for the genetic services in the city. Copyright (c) 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. GiSAO.db: a database for ageing research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grillari Johannes

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Age-related gene expression patterns of Homo sapiens as well as of model organisms such as Mus musculus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster are a basis for understanding the genetic mechanisms of ageing. For an effective analysis and interpretation of expression profiles it is necessary to store and manage huge amounts of data in an organized way, so that these data can be accessed and processed easily. Description GiSAO.db (Genes involved in senescence, apoptosis and oxidative stress database is a web-based database system for storing and retrieving ageing-related experimental data. Expression data of genes and miRNAs, annotation data like gene identifiers and GO terms, orthologs data and data of follow-up experiments are stored in the database. A user-friendly web application provides access to the stored data. KEGG pathways were incorporated and links to external databases augment the information in GiSAO.db. Search functions facilitate retrieval of data which can also be exported for further processing. Conclusions We have developed a centralized database that is very well suited for the management of data for ageing research. The database can be accessed at https://gisao.genome.tugraz.at and all the stored data can be viewed with a guest account.

  19. Natural radionuclides in soils from Sao Paulo State cerrado forest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, Marcia V.F.E.S.; Farias, Emerson E.G. de; Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Franca, Elvis J. de, E-mail: mvaleria@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: emersonemiliano@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com, E-mail: ejfranca@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Considering the long life history, forests should be preferentially evaluated for the monitoring of radionuclides, mainly artificial radioisotopes. However, little is known about nuclides from Uranium and Thorium series, as well as, K-40, in soils from the Sao Paulo State forests. Soils are the main reservoir of natural radionuclides for vegetation, thereby deserving attention. Taking into account the advantages of High-Resolution Gamma-ray Spectrometry (HRGS), diverse radionuclides can be quantified simultaneously. In this work natural radionuclides in soils from the Estacao Ecologica de Assis were evaluated by HRGS. Samples of 0-10 cm depth were collected under crown projection of most abundant tree species of long-term plots installed within the Estacao Ecologica de Assis, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. After drying and milling until 0.5 mm particle size, test portions of 30 g were transferred to polypropylene vials, sealed with silicone and kept under controlled conditions until 30 days to achieve secular equilibrium. A group of gamma-ray spectrometers was used to analyze about 27 samples by 80,000 seconds. Activity concentrations of Pb-214, Ac-228 and K-40 and their respective expanded analytical uncertainties at the 95% confidence level were calculated by Genie software from Canberra. Abnormal values were not detected for radionuclides in soils samples, however K-40 activity concentrations changed considerably due to the mineral cycling, in which K and, consequently K-40, is mainly stocked in vegetation in spite of soils. (author)

  20. Results of Occupational Monitoring Program in Technologic Navy Center in Sao Paulo; Resultados do programa de monitoracao ocupacional do Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, Clarice F.A.; Bitelli, Ricardo D.; Oliveira, Rodemir, E-mail: clarice.acosta@ctmsp.mar.mil.br, E-mail: bitelli@ctmsp.mar.mil.br, E-mail: rodemir@ctmsp.mar.mil.br [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-10-01

    The CTMSP, Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo, is a nuclear research Center located in the State of Sao Paulo. CTMSP headquarters is placed at the Campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Most of CTMSP nuclear facilities are at the Centro Experimental Aramar (CEA), located 120 km northwest from the Capital city of Sao Paulo. CTMSP has two major nuclear programs. One is the development of a PWR reactor for naval propulsion, and the other is associated with the front end fuel cycle technology comprising enrichment, conversion and reconversion. These activities require an extensive area monitoring program. This paper presents the results of this program covering the years of 2003 to 2011. The results include surface monitoring, dose rates and uranium concentrations in the air. (author)

  1. Kutseharidust hakkab muutma uus paradigma / André Huigens ; intervjueerinud Veiko Belials

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huigens, André

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Luual toimunud rahvusvahelise kutsehariduse alase seminari peaesineja, André Huigensiga, kes on Euroopa kutseõppe arenduskeskuse Cedefop kvalifikatsiooniraamistiku ekspert Hollandi Wellantcollege’ist

  2. A Cooperative Project for Electrical Engineering Education at UNESP--Sao Paulo State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akamatsu, Janio Itiro; Torres, Germano Lambert; Origa de Oliveira, Luiz C.; Loyolla, Waldomiro

    UNESP--Sao Paulo State University--is a successful experiment at the Multicampus University in Brazil, maintaining intense and diversified education activities in the most developed state of the Federation, the Sao Paulo State. The multicampus structure that consists of 15 university campuses and two advanced ones, distributed throughout the State…

  3. Analysis of HIV-1 protease gene reveals frequent multiple infections followed by recombination among drug treated individuals living in Sao Paulo and Santos, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edsel Renata De Morais Nunes

    Full Text Available The present study investigated the prevalence of HIV-1 multiple infections in a population composed by 47 patients under HAART failure and enrolled at the National DST/AIDS, Program, Ministry of Health, Brazil.Detection of multiple infections was done using a previously published RFLP assay for the HIV-1 protease gene, which is able of distinguishing between infections caused by a single or multiple HIV-1 subtypes. Samples with multiple infections were cloned, and sequence data submitted to phylogenetic analysis. We were able to identify 17 HIV-1 multiple infections out of 47 samples. Multiple infections were mostly composed by a mixture of recombinant viruses (94%, with only one case in which protease gene pure subtypes B and F were recovered. This is the first study that reports the prevalence of multiple infections and intersubtype recombinants in a population undergoing HAART in Brazil. Based on the data there was a steep increase of multiple infections after the introduction of the combined antiretroviral therapy in Brazil. Cases of multiple infections may be associated with HIV-1 genetic diversity through recombination allowing for the generation of viruses showing a combination of resistance mutations.

  4. IMPACTS OF ACTIVITIES IN PORT SYSTEM ESTUARINE SANTOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Roque da Silva

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available It is increasing the preoccupation with the estuary system due to the importance that it presents and its unique environmental characteristics that result in high biological productivity. In this work we analyze the impacts caused in Santos Estuary System by the port activities. In the lasts years, urban settings and the development of industrial, port, fishing activities, mineral exploration, tourist activities, and others, without adequate planning, comes placing in scratch the basic attributes Brazilian estuaries and ecosystems associates, resulting in local population life quality decrease.

  5. THEOTONIO DOS SANTOS EN EL CHILE DE LA UNIDAD POPULAR

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal Molina,Paula

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta una entrevista realizada a Theotonio dos Santos, que menciona los motivos y su experiencia vivida en Chile durante el periodo de la Unidad Popular. A partir de esto, describe algunos temas de debate en la izquierda chilena de la época, su visión de la Unidad Popular, el marxismo y las particularidades de la su teoría. Así también, se refiere al movimiento social contemporáneo y a la necesidad de la existencia del pensamiento critico.

  6. CADENA DEL CAFÉ DE LOS SANTOS, COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Francisco Carranza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La operación de las actividades económicas y su competitividad, analizadas desde una perspectiva de cadenas globales de mercancías, dependen del funcionamiento de los mercados de crédito, tanto nacionales como internacionales. La operación normal de los negocios requiere crédito para fortalecer sus recursos propios y hacer las compras de materia prima, insumos, pago de salarios e inversión. En todos los casos, el crédito puede ser utilizado para mejorar el diseño de productos, impulsar el acceso a nuevos mercados y aumentar la competitividad. A los productores de la región de Los Santos en Costa Rica se les reconoce por innovadores, y al café de la zona por ser un café de altura y de gran calidad. El artículo explora las necesidades de financiamiento de productores, beneficiadores y exportadores de café de Los Santos, sus fuentes de financiamiento y el uso dado a los recursos obtenidos. Entre las necesidades orientadas al mejoramiento de la competitividad se encontraron la renovación de cafetales entre los productores, el mantenimiento de proyectos y tecnología entre los beneficios y la generación de microbeneficios y búsqueda de nichos de mercado entre los exportadores. Abstract From a global commodity chains perspective, economic activities and their competitiveness depend upon the functioning of credit markets, both international and domestic. Current businesses operations require credit to enhance their own resources in order to buy raw material and inputs, pay wages and make investment. Credit may also be used to improve product design, enter new markets and boost competitiveness as a result. High altitude grown coffee from Los Santos, Costa Rica is widely known for its quality, and their growers as innovative. This paper addresses credit needs of coffee growers, processors and exporters in Los Santos, the credit sources they have access to, and the kind of uses the credit is given. Improving competitiveness uses

  7. Other Worlds Are Possible: An Interview with Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Alison

    2007-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Professor Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Santos is a professor of Sociology at the University of Coimbra, where he is the director of the internationally renowned Centro de Estudos Sociais. He offers a rich vein of theoretical reflection and translation for language(s) and intercultural communication.

  8. The Role of Rhetoric in the Judicial Opinion: The Rhetoric of Boaventura De Sousa Santos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anapol, Malthon M.

    Boaventura De Sousa Santos, a Portuguese law professor, appears to be the first legal scholar and theorist who works with rhetorical theories and who is accepted by the legal profession. Santos's major works have centered on the legal system of Pasargada, a Brazilian favela (squatter village) whose residents try to settle disputes outside the…

  9. Die pikareske tematiek in André P. Brink se Inteendeel | Cochrane ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The themes examined are disillusionment, freedom, hunger, loneliness and gullibility. Possible weaknesses in Wicks's theoretical overview will be identified, especially when tested against an individual text. Key Words: André Brink, Inteendeel (On the Contrary) , picaresque literature, picaro. Die pikareske tematiek in André ...

  10. André Brink: An aesthetics of response | Diala | Tydskrif vir letterkunde

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    André Brink: An aesthetics of response [English] As a commentator on the enormities of the apartheid state, André Brink rose to international prominence during the struggle against apartheid in the 1970s and 1980s. In interviews, speeches and non-fictional writing, Brink\\'s enduring meditation on the writer\\'s responsibility ...

  11. Globaliseerumine : oht või võimalus? / Andres Arrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arrak, Andres, 1958-2017

    2007-01-01

    Globaliseerumise ja võrgustumise muutumine võimaluseks või ohuks sõltub konkreetse riigi majanduse ja tööturu kohanemisvõimest. Globaalsete finantsvoogude kirjeldus, kapitali ja Eestisse tulevate rahavoogude analüüs ning hinnang Eesti tööturu paindlikkusele ja ettevõtjate innovatiivsusele. Graafikud: Otse- ja portfelliinvesteeringute ning laenude sissevool Eestisse 1992-2006; Diagramm: Eesti tööjõuturg sammub Ameerika jälgedes. Vt. samas: Andres Saarniit. Raha ei ole kuhugi kadunud

  12. [The demographic characteristics of slaves in Sao Paulo, 1777-1829].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna, F V

    1992-01-01

    "The introduction and development of sugar and coffee production in Sao Paulo [Brazil] led to deep changes in its populational structure. The large number of slaves who entered the province, mainly adult men, destroyed the population's relative balance, both in terms of sex and age structures. The study, based on manuscripts known as ¿Macos de Populacao' which belong to the Arquivo do Estado de Sao Paulo, covers twenty-five different communities in Sao Paulo, in the years 1777, 1804 and 1829. The demographic characteristics of the slaves and their relation with economic variables were analysed.... Special attention was given to the slaves' marriage and their reproductive capacity." (EXCERPT)

  13. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of Espirito Santo Basin - Brazil; Evolucao tectono-estratigrafica da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Eric Zagotto; Fernandes, Flavio L.; Lobato, Gustavo; Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. de Modelagem de Bacias (LAB2M); Petersohn, Eliane [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper documents the analysis of seismic data of the Espirito Santo basin obtained during the project realized through partnership between COPPE/UFRJ/Lab2M with the Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP) during 2006 and 2007. The major objective of the seismic data interpretation in the project was to define the main structural and stratigraphic features in order to build a sedimentation model and a tectonic-stratigraphic evolution model of the Espirito Santo basin. Thus, the sedimentary package has been divided into eight genetic units (UN), grouped into five third order stratigraphic sequences, namely: UN-B, represented by siliciclastics rocks of the rift stage and evaporitic sag-rift stage, deposited during the Aptian; UN-C, which represents the carbonatic rocks deposited in a marine environment, and siliciclastics rocks located in the proximal portions during the Albian; and UN-D, represented by sediments, composed mainly by pelites, deposited in between the Cenomanian and Recent, and includes the Eocene volcanic event, which one changed the sedimentation pattern of the basin. (author)

  14. Estudo epidemiológico de 55 pacientes portadores de doença vertebral metastática sintomática em Santo André - SP, Brasil Estudio epidemiológico de 55 pacientes con enfermedad metastásica sintomática de la columna vertebral en Santo André - SP, Brasil Epidemiological study of 55 patients with symptomatic metastatic spinal disease in Santo André - SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Santiago Valesin Filho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes portadores de doença vertebral metastática sintomática de serviço público de atenção terciária na região do ABC. MÉTODO: Avaliamos de Janeiro de 2008 a Janeiro de 2011, 55 pacientes com diagnóstico de metástase vertebral e coletamos dados de idade no diagnóstico de lesão metastática, sexo, tipo de tumor, topografia vertebral e sintomatologia. A evolução da doença foi observado nas datas: biópsia da neoplasia primária; início de sintomas vertebrais; diagnóstico de doença vertebral metastática (imagem e data da cirurgia. RESULTADOS: A idade dos pacientes variou de 28 a 85 anos; 40% homens e 60% mulheres. Os principais tumores foram carcinoma de mama (32,7%, mieloma múltiplo (25,4% e carcinoma de próstata (14,5%. Observamos 25 pacientes (45,4% com lesões na coluna torácica; 13 pacientes (23,6% lombares ou sacrais; 11 pacientes (20% difusas e 6 pacientes (10,9% cervicais. 34 pacientes (61,8% apresentavam somente dor, os demais (38,2% apresentavam também alteração neurológica. O intervalo entre a lesão primária e a manifestação clínica de lesão vertebral apresentou mediana de 190 dias; entre a sintomatologia na coluna e o diagnóstico por imagem teve mediana de 70 dias; aos submetidos a cirurgia, entre o diagnóstico e o procedimento foi de 288 dias. CONCLUSÃO: Observamos os dados epidemiológicas, compatíveis a literatura: predomínio do sexo feminino (60%, com idade média de 55 anos; metástases predominantemente toracolombares (69% por neoplasia de mama, mieloma múltiplo e próstata (72%. Observamos ampla variação no intervalo de tempo na descrição cronológica dos eventos clínico-diagnósticos e cirúrgicos.OBJETIVO: Presentar el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes con síntomas de enfermedad metastásica espinal tratados en el servicio público de atención terciaria en la región del ABC. MÉTODO: Se evaluaron 55 pacientes con diagnóstico de metástasis vertebral y se recogieron datos sobre la edad al diagnóstico de la lesión metastásica, sexo, tipo de tumor, la topografía y los síntomas espinales de enero 2008 a enero 2011. La progresión de la enfermedad se observó en las siguientes ocasiones: biopsia del tumor primario, primeros síntomas de la columna vertebral, diagnóstico de la enfermedad metastásica espinal (imágenes y fecha de la cirugía. RESULTADOS: La edad de los pacientes osciló entre 28 y 85 años; el 40% eran hombres y el 60% mujeres. Los tumores primarios fueron carcinoma de mama (32,7%, mieloma múltiple (25,4% y carcinoma de próstata (14,5%. Hemos observado 25 pacientes (45,4% con lesiones en la columna vertebral torácica, 13 pacientes (23,6% con lesiones lumbares o sacras, 11 pacientes (20% con lesiones difusas y 6 pacientes (10,9% con lesiones cervicales. Treinta y cuatro pacientes (61,8% tenían sólo dolor y el restante (38,2% también tenía trastornos neurológicos. Los intervalos promedio entre la lesión primaria y la manifestación clínica de la lesión vertebral fue de 190 días, entre los síntomas de columna y el diagnóstico por imágenes la mediana fue de 70 días; para aquellos que se sometieron a la cirugía, la mediana entre el diagnóstico y el procedimiento fue de 288 días. CONCLUSIÓN: Los datos epidemiológicos fueron compatibles con la literatura: predominio del sexo femenino (60%, edad media de 55 años, predominantemente metástasis toracolumbar (69% debido a cáncer de mama, mieloma múltiple y cáncer de próstata (72%. Se observó una amplia variación en el intervalo entre la descripción cronológica de eventos clínicos ya sean diagnósticos o quirúrgicos.OBJECTIVE: To present the epidemiological profile of patients with symptomatic metastatic spinal disease treated in tertiary public care in the ABC region. METHOD: We evaluated 55 patients with vertebral metastases and collected data on age at diagnosis of metastatic lesion, sex, tumor type, spinal topography and symptoms from January 2008 to January 2011. Disease progression was observed on the following occasions: biopsy of the primary tumor, early spinal symptoms, diagnosis of spinal metastatic disease (images, and date of surgery. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from 28 to 85 years; 40% were men and 60% were women. The primary tumors were breast carcinoma (32.7%, multiple myeloma (25.4%, and prostate carcinoma (14.5%. We observed 25 patients (45.4% with lesions in the thoracic spine, 13 patients (23.6% with lumbar or sacral lesions, 11 patients (20% with diffuse lesions, and 6 patients (10.9% with cervical lesion. Thirty four patients (61.8% had only pain, and the others (38.2% had also neurological changes. The median intervals between the primary lesion and the clinical manifestation of vertebral lesion was 190 days; between the spine symptoms and the imaging diagnosis the median was 70 days; for those who underwent surgery, the median between the diagnosis and the procedure was 288 days. CONCLUSION: The epidemiological data were consistent with the literature: female predominance (60%, mean age was 55 years; thoracolumbar metastases were predominantly (69% due to breast cancer, multiple myeloma and prostate cancer (72%. We observed wide variation in the interval between the chronological description of clinical events, both diagnostic and surgical.

  15. Estudo epidemiológico de 55 pacientes portadores de doença vertebral metastática sintomática em Santo André - SP, Brasil Estudio epidemiológico de 55 pacientes con enfermedad metastásica sintomática de la columna vertebral en Santo André - SP, Brasil Epidemiological study of 55 patients with symptomatic metastatic spinal disease in Santo André - SP, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Edgar Santiago Valesin Filho; Ricardo Tardini; Luiz Carlos de Abreu; Bruno Vieira Motter; Fernando Adami; Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues

    2013-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Apresentar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes portadores de doença vertebral metastática sintomática de serviço público de atenção terciária na região do ABC. MÉTODO: Avaliamos de Janeiro de 2008 a Janeiro de 2011, 55 pacientes com diagnóstico de metástase vertebral e coletamos dados de idade no diagnóstico de lesão metastática, sexo, tipo de tumor, topografia vertebral e sintomatologia. A evolução da doença foi observado nas datas: biópsia da neoplasia primária; início de sintom...

  16. New aerosol particles formation in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vela, Angel; Andrade, Maria de Fatima; Ynoue, Rita

    2016-04-01

    The Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA), in the southeast region of Brazil, is considered a megalopolis comprised of Sao Paulo city and more 38 municipalities. The air pollutant emissions in the SPMA are related to the burning of the fuels: etanol, gasohol (gasoline with 25% ethanol) and diesel. According to CETESB (2013), the road vehicles contributed up to about 97, 87, and 80% of CO, VOCs and NOx emissions in 2012, respectively, being most of NOx associated to diesel combustion and most of CO and VOCs from gasohol and ethanol combustion. Studies conducted on ambient air pollution in the SPMA have shown that black carbon (BC) explains 21% of mass concentration of PM2.5 compared with 40% of organic carbon (OC), 20% of sulfates, and 12% of soil dust (Andrade et al., 2012). Most of the observed ambient PM2.5 mass concentration usually originates from precursors gases such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), ammonia (NH3), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and VOCs as well as through the physico-chemical processes such as the oxidation of low volatile hydrocarbons transferring to the condensed phase (McMurry et al., 2004). The Weather Research and Forecasting with Chemistry model (WRF-Chem; Grell et al. 2005), configured with three nested grid cells: 75, 15, and 3 km, is used as photochemical modeling to describe the physico-chemical processes leading to evolution of particles number and mass size distribution from a vehicular emission model developed by the IAG-USP laboratory of Atmospheric Processes and based on statistical information of vehicular activity. The spatial and temporal distributions of emissions in the finest grid cell are based on road density products compiled by the OpenStreetMap project and measurements performed inside tunnels in the SPMA, respectively. WRF-Chem simulation with coupled primary aerosol (dust and sea-salt) and biogenic emission modules and aerosol radiative effects turned on is conducted as the baseline simulation (Case_0) to evaluate the model

  17. Pomeranchuk Prize awarded to André Martin

    CERN Multimedia

    Jordan Juras

    2010-01-01

    Professor André Martin has been awarded the I.Ya.Pomeranchuk Prize 2010, alongside Professor Valentine Zakharov.   André Martin, CERN theorist, pictured at the ceremony held in honour of his 80th birthday (August 2009). Established by the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in memory of an outstanding scientist Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the prize is awarded for the study of analytic properties of the scattering amplitude; which lead to the Froissart—Martin bound on the cross section growth with energy. The prize comes as a great honor for Martin, who was in fact a good friend of Mr. Pomeranchuk, "I am surprised and delighted to learn that I will be receiving the 2010 Pomeranchuk Prize. I was an admirer of Pomeranchuk and we shared a great friendship. I met with him for the last time in Erevan (Armenia) in 1965. As a good-bye, he told me, 'Analyticity exists'. This is precisely what I proved to earn the prize"....

  18. Energy balance of Sao Paulo State, Brazil 2012. Calendar year 2011; Balanco energetico do Estado de Sao Paulo 2012. Ano base 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    The document presents the consolidated annual energy balances, which encompasses: Executive Summary; Participation of the Sao Paulo's Electric Energy in the National Context; Overview Energy Mix of the State of Sao Paulo; Final Consumption by Source; Final Consumption by Sectors in 2011; Contents of the Energy Balance for the State of Sao Paulo; Methodology; Summary of the period in analysis; Supply and Demand of energy by source; External trade of energy; Energy imports and export; Transformation center balances; Energy and Economy and Resources and energy Reserves. In this 2012 edition, we highlight the growth of gasoline consumption at the expense of ethanol, compared with previous years. The fall harvest of cane sugar and federal policies aimed at artificially support the price of gasoline are some of the factors that led to the fall in competitiveness of ethanol. Nowadays, it is up to the government to create policies to stimulate the supply of renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. (author)

  19. Vehicular emissions of organic particulate matter in Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyama, B. S.; Andrade, M. F.; Herckes, P.; Dusek, U.; Röckmann, T.; Holzinger, R.

    2015-12-01

    Vehicular emissions have a strong impact on air pollution in big cities. Many factors affect these emissions: type of vehicle, type of fuel, cruising velocity, and brake use. This study focused on emissions of organic compounds by Light (LDV) and Heavy (HDV) duty vehicle exhaust. The study was performed in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, where vehicles run on different fuels: gasoline with 25 % ethanol (called gasohol), hydrated ethanol, and diesel (with 5 % of biodiesel). The vehicular emissions are an important source of pollutants and the principal contribution to fine particulate matter (smaller than 2.5 μm, PM2.5) in Sao Paulo. The experiments were performed in two tunnels: Janio Quadros (TJQ) where 99 % of the vehicles are LDV, and Rodoanel Mario Covas (TRA) where up to 30 % of the fleet was HDV. The PM2.5 samples were collected on quartz filters in May and July 2011 at TJQ and TRA, respectively, using two samplers operating in parallel. The samples were analyzed by Thermal-Desorption Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass-Spectrometry (TD-PTR-MS), and by Thermal-Optical Transmittance (TOT). The organic aerosol (OA) desorbed at TD-PTR-MS represented around 30 % of the OA estimated by the TOT method, mainly due to the different desorption temperatures, with a maximum of 870 and 350 °C for TOT and TD-PTR-MS, respectively. Average emission factors (EF) organic aerosol (OA) and organic carbon (OC) were calculated for HDV and LDV fleet. We found that HDV emitted more OA and OC than LDV, and that OC emissions represented 36 and 43 % of total PM2.5 emissions from LDV and HDV, respectively. More than 700 ions were identified by TD-PTR-MS and the EF profiles obtained from HDV and LDV exhibited distinct features. Nitrogen-containing compounds measured in the desorbed material up to 350 °C contributed around 20 % to the EF values for both types of vehicles, possibly associated with incomplete fuel burning. Additionally, 70 % of the organic compounds measured from the aerosol

  20. El "concierto sacro" del 19 de abril de 1810: 0 la conjura eclesiástica de Andrés Bello (1781-1865 The "Sacred Contriving" of April 19th, 1810: or the Ecclesiastical Conspiracy of Andrés Bello (1781-1865

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Coifman Michailos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El concierto sacro delJueves Santo, 19 de abril de 1810, marcó el inicio del movimiento independentista de Venezuela. La fecha no fue escogida al azar, sino que a propósito de las ventajas que la "función eclesiástica" de ese día proporcionaba para el control social y la difusión de la información en torno a los hechos políticos que se buscaba alcanzar. El presente ensayo se propone examinar la confluencia musical y eclesiástica (hasta ahora no estudiada que habría sin duda sido necesaria establecer para el positivo resultado de esta empresa, supeditada a las redes sociales, musicales e intelectuales en torno al editor entonces de la Gazeta de Caracas, hijo del músico y abogado Bartolomé Bello (1758-1804, el humanista Andrés Bello (1781-1865.The sacred contriving on Maundy Thursday, April 19th, 1810, marked the beginning of the independence of Venezuela. The date was not chosen at random but on the basis ofthe advantages that the "ecclesiasticalfunction" had regarding both the social control and the dissemination ofthe information about the political goals to be achieved. The purpose ofthis essay is the analysis ofthe hitherto unknown confluence ofthe musical and ecclesiastical elements that made it possible this enterprise to succeed. These elements in turn are related to the social, intellectual and musical networks ofthe humanist Andrés Bello (1781-1865, editor ofthe Gazeta de Caracas and son ofthe musician and lawyer Bartolomé Bello (1758-1804.

  1. Water usage in bio ethanol production in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jannuzzi, Gilberto de M.; Gomes, Rodolfo D.M.; Chavez-Rodriguez, Mauro F.; Mosqueira-Salazar, Klever Joao; Nebra, Silvia Azucena

    2012-07-01

    The chapter approaches the water availability, water use legislation, charges and taxes in the state of Sao Paulo, legislation regarding water disposal, potential for reducing water consumption, demand water streams, reusing water streams, and closing water circuits.

  2. Concept and Use of Psychoactive Drugs Among University Students in the Sao Paulo Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanini, Antonio C.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a medical-social questionnaire made by members of the Scientific Commission of the First International Congress of Drug Addiction Among University Students, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1974. (Author)

  3. Forbidden therapies: Santo Daime, ayahuasca, and the prohibition of entheogens in Western society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blainey, Marc G

    2015-02-01

    Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion organized around a potent psychoactive beverage called ayahuasca, is now being practiced across Europe and North America. Deeming ayahuasca a dangerous "hallucinogen," most Western governments prosecute people who participate in Santo Daime. On the contrary, members of Santo Daime (called "daimistas") consider ayahuasca a medicinal sacrament (or "entheogen"). Empirical studies corroborate daimistas' claim that entheogens are benign and can be beneficial when employed in controlled contexts. Following from anthropology's goal of rendering different cultural logics as mutually explicable, this article intercedes in a misunderstanding between policies of prohibition and an emergent subculture of entheogenic therapy.

  4. Participatory Budgeting in the Municipality of Santo André, Brazil: The challenges in linking short-term action and long-term strategic planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Acioly (Claudio); A. Herzog (Andre); E. Sandino (Eduardo); V.H. Andrade (Victor Henry)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractThis report is addressed to professionals and urban practitioners who are interested in participatory planning processes and in the establishment of organised priority setting mechanisms and decision-making involving government and communities on the allocation of public investments.

  5. Contribution to the knowledge of the Chytridiomycota from the "Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba", Santo André, State of São Paulo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Pires-Zottarelli, Carmen Lidia Amorim; Gomes, Alexandra Lenk

    2007-01-01

    Estudo da diversidade de quitridiomicetos de solo e água, na "Reserva Biológica de Paranapiacaba", resultou no isolamento de 29 espécies, com três Blastocladiales, 23 Chytridiales, uma Monoblepharidales e duas Spizellomycetales. Dos táxons isolados, 69% são citados pela primeira vez para a Reserva, 14% para o estado de São Paulo, e 7% para o país. É a primeira menção de Rhizophydium condylosum Karling no Brasil. The diversity study of the chytrids from soil and water from the "Reserva Biol...

  6. Challenges for energy efficiency in the buildings sector in the Sao Paulo State, Brazil; Desafios para eficiencia energetica no setor de edificios no estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matos, Maria Ines; Parente, Virginia [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia], email: vparente@iee.usp.br

    2010-07-01

    The consumption of energy in the building sector accounts for more than one third of the total final electricity consumption in Sao Paulo State. Considering that, the development of policy measures aiming at the promotion of energy efficiency in the sector should be encouraged. Analysed data reveals the continuing rise of energy consumption resulting form the high number of new buildings and the rising standards of the population in consequence of economic development. Besides this, the retrofit of old buildings presents a huge potential for energy savings. The article analyses and suggests the use of Building Codes as a suitable policy instrument for the Sao Paulo Sate reality. (author)

  7. The expansion of sugar cane cultivation in the Sao Paulo state, Brazil; A expansao da cultura canavieira no estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Suani Teixeira [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Biomassa (CENBIO), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Lora, Beatriz Acquaro; Monteiro, Maria Beatriz C.A.

    2008-07-01

    The present work aimed at analyze the sugar cane culture expansion in substitution to the other cultures in the Sao Paulo state from available georeferred and statistical data. The results had evidenced clear expansion of the sugar cane culture in the state, having totalized a growth of 26.04% in the period from 2003 to 2006, with expressive increase in the regions of President Prudente, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Barretos and Marilia that had, each one, more than 40% of increase in the period. Concomitantly it had reduction of the maize areas in the studied region and pasture areas stability, followed of a small increase of the cattle heads number. (author)

  8. Energy statistical yearbook by municipalities of Sao Paulo state - 2015: calendar year 2014; Anuario estatistico de energeticos por municipio no estado de Sao Paulo - 2015: ano base 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-07-01

    The Government of the Sao Paulo state, Brazil, presents the {sup S}tatistical Yearbook of Energy by Municipality in the State of Sao Paulo in 2015 {sup -} calendar year 2014, prepared by Power State Department. The report provides consolidated data on the primary energy consumed by 645 municipalities - electricity, ethanol, petroleum products and natural gas, as well as their carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). It is about the production of strategic information to the municipalities together with the State Government to plan its priorities in energy and services.

  9. Optimization of the daily operation of the plants of Medio Sao Francisco; Otimizacao da operacao diaria das usinas do Medio Sao Francisco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandes, Jessica Pillon Torralba; Colnago, Glauber Renato; Correia, Paulo de Barros; Ohishi, Takaaki [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia], emails: pillon@fem.unicamp.br, colnago@fem.unicamp.br, pcorreia@fem.unicamp.br, taka@densis.fee.unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    This paper presents an optimization model for daily operation of Sao Francisco hydroelectric power plants. The study considers eight power plants - Sobradinho (USB), Luiz Gonzaga (ULG), Apolonio Sales (UAS), Paulo Afonso I, II, III, (UPA), Paulo Afonso IV (USQ) e Xingo (UXG)- belongs to Sao Francisco Hydroelectric Company (CHESF). Its objective is to maximize the power plant efficiency and to minimize the number of startup and shutdowns of generating units (GU), simultaneously. Considering those GU are equal, is determined the number of units to be dispatched and their charge. The optimal dispatch, linear and non-linear programming techniques and genetic algorithms (GA) support this article. (author)

  10. Os Santos Mártires de Évora

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Artur Goulart de Melo

    2013-01-01

    A 27 de Outubro comemora a Igreja os santos Vicente, Sabina e Cristeta. Conhecidos como os Mártires de Évora, a eles foi erguida no século XV na cidade alentejana, no local onde se dizia terem nascido, uma ermida, ampliada no século seguinte já à conta do Município, que ainda hoje mantém a propriedade. Era-lhes também dedicada, na nave direita da Sé de Évora, uma das capelas laterais desaparecidas após a intervenção da Direcção-geral dos Monumentos Nacionais na década de 40 do século XX.A nat...

  11. In vitro electromagnetically stimulated SAOS-2 osteoblasts inside porous hydroxyapatite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassina, Lorenzo; Saino, Enrica; Sbarra, Maria Sonia; Visai, Livia; De Angelis, Maria Gabriella Cusella; Magenes, Giovanni; Benazzo, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    One of the key challenges in reconstructive bone surgery is to provide living constructs that possess the ability to integrate in the surrounding tissue. Bone graft substitutes, such as autografts, allografts, xenografts, and biomaterials have been widely used to heal critical-size long bone defects due to trauma, tumor resection, congenital deformity, and tissue degeneration. In particular, porous hydroxyapatite is widely used in reconstructive bone surgery owing to its biocompatibility. In addition, the in vitro modification of hydroxyapatite with osteogenic signals enhances the tissue regeneration in vivo, suggesting that the biomaterial modification could play an important role in tissue engineering. In this study we have followed a biomimetic strategy where electromagnetically stimulated SAOS-2 human osteoblasts proliferated and built their extracellular matrix inside a porous hydroxyapatite scaffold. The electromagnetic stimulus had the following parameters: intensity of the magnetic field equal to 2 mT, amplitude of the induced electric tension equal to 5 mV, frequency of 75 Hz, and pulse duration of 1.3 ms. In comparison with control conditions, the electromagnetic stimulus increased the cell proliferation and the surface coating with bone proteins (decorin, osteocalcin, osteopontin, type-I collagen, and type-III collagen). The physical stimulus aimed at obtaining a better modification of the biomaterial internal surface in terms of cell colonization and coating with bone matrix. PMID:19827111

  12. Implementing Technology for Science Classrooms in Sao Tome and Principe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jardim, Maria Dolores Rodrigues

    This qualitative bounded case study was designed to understand how technology integration in schools could be addressed in a first-wave country. The integration of educational technology in Sao Tome and Principe (STP), a first-wave agricultural civilization, can narrow the divide between STP and third-wave information age societies. The conceptual framework was based on theories of change, learning, and context. Toffler's wave theory described how societies changed while Fullan's change theory examined how the people might change. Roger's diffusion of innovations addressed how processes change. Bandura, Vygotsky, and Siemen provided the framework for the learning within the model of change. Finally, the context theories of Tessmer and Richey's instructional design, Lave and Wenger's situated learning, and Sticht's functional context theory were applied. Twenty five individuals from 5 schools, including teachers, school directors, key educational stakeholders, and the minister of education were involved in a pilot project to integrate technology into the science curriculum. The data were collected via interviews, reflective summaries, and confidential narratives. The resulting data were analyzed to find emerging patterns. The results of this analysis showed that a first-wave civilization can adopt a third-wave civilization's features in terms of technology integration, when there is the support of opinion leaders and most of the necessary contextual requirements are in place. The study contributes to social change by providing access to knowledge through technology integration, which empowers both teachers and students.

  13. Determination of metals in water from Billings dam, Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Talita; Sarkis, Jorge E.S.; Ulrich, Joao C.; Yamaguishi, Renata Bazante, E-mail: taoliveira@ipen.br, E-mail: jesarkis@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Menezes, Luciana Carvalho Bezerra de; Castro, Paula Maria Genova de; Monteiro Junior, Adalberto Jose; Maruyama, Lidia Sumile, E-mail: lcbm@usp.br [Instituto de Pesca, (IP/SAA-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de Sao Paulo

    2013-07-01

    The Billings reservoir, located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is used for several purposes such as: water supply, electric generation, fishing and leisure. Although considered an area of environmental protection, in recent years the dam has suffered diverse environmental aggressions including the release of toxic metals. This study presents a recent evaluation of metal contents along the Dam. Samples were collected every three months during the period of winter 2009 to summer 2010. Samples were collected in thirteen points along of the dam, as follows: Rio dos Porcos (Point 1), Summit Control (Point 2), Ilha do Bigua (Point 3), Casa Caida (Point 4), Barragem (Point 5), Foz de Taquacetuba (Point 6), Braco Borore (Point 7), Foz de Borore (Point 8), Alvarenga (Point 9), Pedreira (Point 10), Borore's Margin (Point 11), Capivari I's Margin (Point 12) and Capivari II's Margin (Point 13). The determination of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn was performed by using high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICPMS). The methodology has been validated using certified reference material Riverine Water Reference Material for Trace Metals provided by National Research Council Canada (NRCC). The sampling points located in the Pedreira, Borore's Margin, Alvarenga, Barragem Taquacetuba, Casa Caida e Ilha do Bigua presented the highest concentrations. The level for Fe, Cu and Ni were higher than the ones reported in the literature and above the limit set by CONAMA 2914/201. (author)

  14. The history of neurosurgery at the University of Sao Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The history of neurosurgery at University of São Paulo comes from 1918, since its origins under the Department of Neurology from Chair of Psychiatric Clinic and Nervous Diseases. Professor Enjolras Vampré was the great inspiration for such medical specialty in the State of Sao Paulo. In 1929, the first neurosurgical procedures were performed in the recently (at time organized Section of Neurosurgery. The official inauguration of the Division of Functional Neurosurgery occurred at June 1977, with the presence of worldwide well-known neuroscientists. The division suffered a deep streamlining under the leadership of Professor Raul Marino Jr., between the decades of 1990 and 2000. At this time, it was structured with the sections of neurological surgery, functional neurosurgery and neurosurgical emergency. Since 2008, Professor Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira is the Chairman of the Division and has provided the Division with the best available technological resources, performing more than 3,000 surgeries a year and training professionals who will, certainly, be some of the future leaders of brazilian neurosurgery.

  15. The history of neurosurgery at the University of Sao Paulo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Manoel Jacobsen; Figueiredo, Eberval Gadelha; Taricco, Mario Augusto; Plese, José Píndaro P; Flores, Camila; Teixeira, Saulo A; Luzio, José

    2014-03-01

    The history of neurosurgery at University of São Paulo comes from 1918, since its origins under the Department of Neurology from Chair of Psychiatric Clinic and Nervous Diseases. Professor Enjolras Vampré was the great inspiration for such medical specialty in the State of Sao Paulo. In 1929, the first neurosurgical procedures were performed in the recently (at time) organized Section of Neurosurgery. The official inauguration of the Division of Functional Neurosurgery occurred at June 1977, with the presence of worldwide well-known neuroscientists. The division suffered a deep streamlining under the leadership of Professor Raul Marino Jr., between the decades of 1990 and 2000. At this time, it was structured with the sections of neurological surgery, functional neurosurgery and neurosurgical emergency. Since 2008, Professor Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira is the Chairman of the Division and has provided the Division with the best available technological resources, performing more than 3,000 surgeries a year and training professionals who will, certainly, be some of the future leaders of brazilian neurosurgery.

  16. O que os santos podem fazer pela antropologia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Calavia Sáez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo sustenta que os santos podem servir de eixo a uma abordagem mais etnográfica e radical da antropologia da religião. De praxe, essa subdisciplina está excessivamente pautada pelas concepções de apenas um tipo de nativos: teólogos, sacerdotes, especialistas. Doutrinas estabelecidas servem como referência, e a religião comum vira assim uma religião popular, subalterna ou desviante. Os santos, personagens locais que no entanto atravessam fronteiras entre credos e são por sua vez subalternos nas elaborações teológicas, podem ser vistos como atores essenciais dentro de uma rede de relações (do tipo das propostas pela actor-network theory, a unir mitos, devotos, lugares, objetos ou personagens sagrados, rituais, doutrinas e, como um limite externo, Deus. Essa rede, sugiro, deve se reivindicar como objeto prioritário dos estudos sobre religião.This paper claim that saints must be at the core of a more ethnographic and radical approach to the Anthropology of Religion. Anthropology of Religion draw heavily on specialized conceptions of priests or theologians, while common religious practices are marked as popular or deviant ones. The saints, although local characters overlooked in theological discourse, overtake creed frontiers and can be seen as critical actors in a network (after the actor-network theory proposal that links myths, believers, places, sacred things or personae, rituals, doctrine, and, as an outer edge, God. This network, I suggest, must be stressed as the main object of religion studies.

  17. Associações técnicas conjugadas para correção cirúrgica do ronco e SAOS (periférica Technical associations joined to snoring and SAOS (peripheral surgical corrections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeferson Sampaio D'Avila

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Com esta proposta de associação conjunta de técnicas cirúrgicas clássicas objetivamos oferecer de forma mais segura aquilo que cada uma especificamente apresenta de melhor, com a introdução da Microscopia Óptica em todos os procedimentos. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Realizamos com critérios bem definidos o topodiagnóstico prático periférico, isolando apenas os classificados como Nível I de Fujita. Associamos três grupos específicos de técnica. Grupo A: LAUP (Kamami + U.P.F.P. Parcial (Fujita Modificado-FM. Grupo B: LAUP + Criptólise (Krespi + U.P.F.P. Parcial (Fujita Modificado. Grupo C: LAUP + Microcirurgia Tonsilas (Andréa/Dias + U.P.F.P. (FM. As indicações cirúrgicas de cada grupo são para: Grupo A: hipertrofia de úvula + rebaixamento de palato + ausência ou atrofia de tonsilas palatinas (TP. Grupo B: quadro anatômico semelhante ao Grupo A + hipertrofia de TP (grau I e II. Grupo C: hipertrofia de úvula e de TP (grau III+ redundância faríngea. No período de 38 meses, estamos com 60 casos operados, na proporção de: Grupo A: 20, Grupo B: 12 e Grupo C: 28. RESULTADOS: Houve melhora clínica em 46 pacientes (76,67%. Os melhores resultados foram detectados nos Grupos A e C. CONCLUSÃO: A seleção em grupos dos pacientes portadores de ronco e SAOS (periférica do nível I de Fujita, considerando-se parâmetros anátomo-clínicos, oferece-nos mais segurança na escolha adequada dos métodos de abordagem cirúrgica. Portanto, com esta proposta de associação de técnicas, estamos conseguindo melhorar nossos resultados e sugerimos que este esquema seja efetivado em outros serviços.AIM: Associating those classical surgical techniques, we intend to safely provide what each technique has to offer, introducing the Optical Microscopy in all procedures. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The practical peripheral topodiagnosis was made with well-defined criteria, isolating only the ones labeled as Level 1 by Fujita. Three specific types

  18. Atmospheric element pollutant evaluation at the Sao Paulo University campus, Sao Paulo using Canoparmelia texana Lichen species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, Rosiana R.; Saiki, Mitiko, E-mail: rosianarocha@yahoo.com.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The use of lichens as biomonitors of atmospheric pollutants has been considered as a very suitable tool when compared to conventional methods of direct measurements. Lichens in particular are widely used as biomonitors due to its easy sampling, low cost and resistance to environmental stresses. In this study, neutron activation analysis (NAA) was applied for element determinations in Canoparmelia texana lichenized fungi species. The samples were collected from tree barks in different sites at the Sao Paulo University Campus and in sites of areas considered non-polluted. Comparisons were made between the element concentration obtained in lichen from the study area and those from non-polluted sites. Results indicated that lichens from study area presented higher concentrations of As, Br, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, La, Rb, Sb, Se and U than clean areas. The principal components analysis (PCA) was applied to the results obtained and five principal components were found as being responsible for almost 77 % of the variance. These findings suggest that element pollutants found may be associated with vehicular emissions, construction of buildings and metallurgical activities. (author)

  19. El Santo Niño de Atocha: patrimonio y turismo religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Fernández Poncela

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available this work is a reflection about crossing of roads between cultural patrimony and religious tourism, with the study of case of Santo Niño de Atocha, Plateros, Fresnillo, Zacatecas, Mexico.

  20. San Antonio-Espiritu Santo Bay, Texas Four band, 1meter resolution, UltraCam orthoimage

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Office for Coastal Management purchased digital Vexcel Ultracam imagery and digital elevation models of the Texas coastline at Espiritu-Santo Bay in 2007....

  1. La Leyenda de los santos: orígenes medievales e itinerario renacentista

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José Aragüés Aldaz

    2016-01-01

    ...), the Flos Sanctorum con sus ethimologías (an incunabulum of unknown date and printer) and the Leyenda de los santos, a work that thrived with several editions published since the end of the 15th century until 1579...

  2. Vanuatu - HDM-4 Analysis of the Efate Ring Road and the Santo East Coast Road

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provided funds for the upgrade of two roads in Vanuatu. These were the Efate Ring Road and the Santo East Coast Road. Both...

  3. Pierre Darriulat is awarded the André Lagarrigue Prize

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Pierre Darriulat at the VATLY Laboratory in Hanoï. Former CERN Research Director, Pierre Darriulat, who is now Professor of Physics at VATLY in Hanoi (Vietnam), has won the 2008 André Lagarrigue Prize. This prize, instituted by the Linear Accelerator Laboratory (LAL) at Orsay under the aegis of the French Physical Society, is awarded to front-line researchers who have had responsibility for machine/detector construction and derived maximum scientific benefit from such projects, performed in a French laboratory or in close collaboration with French groups. Pierre Darriulat has received the award in recognition of his outstanding career at the CEA, at LBL (Berkeley) and at CERN from 1964 onwards. At CERN he managed the experiments at the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) before taking charge of the UA2 collaboration from 1980 to 1986, which participated in decisive discoveries at the ppbar collider. In particular, in 1982, the UA2 experiment began observing high trans...

  4. Neurology and surrealism: André Breton and Joseph Babinski.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haan, Joost; Koehler, Peter J; Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2012-12-01

    Before he became the initiator of the surrealist movement, André Breton (1896-1966) studied medicine and worked as a student in several hospitals and as a stretcher bearer at the front during World War I. There he became interested in psychiatric diseases such as hysteria and psychosis, which later served as a source of inspiration for his surrealist writings and thoughts, in particular on automatic writing. Breton worked under Joseph Babinski at La Pitié, nearby La Salpêtrière, and became impressed by the 'sacred fever' of the famous neurologist. In this article, we describe the relationship between Breton and Babinski and try to trace back whether not only Breton's psychiatric, but also his neurological experiences, have influenced surrealism. We hypothesize that Breton left medicine in 1920 partly as a consequence of his stay with Babinski.

  5. André-Louis Cholesky mathematician, topographer and army officer

    CERN Document Server

    Brezinski, Claude

    2014-01-01

    Outside the professional circles of topography and applied mathematics, the life and work of André-Louis Cholesky (1875–1918) are still relatively unknown to the scientific community. This new book appreciably widens the exposure of his remarkable personal achievements in topography and mathematics to a much larger international audience.   Cholesky is also interesting to historians because he is a perfect representative of the "scientists engineers" that, since the early 19th century, had issued from the French scientific high schools. Because they had received a high level of mathematical education, they were able to innovate in their practice of engineering. In the case of Cholesky, this resulted in original contributions in artillery, topography, numerical analysis and graphical calculation. In addition, the book places his education and works within the history of several European countries through the 17th to 19th centuries.   The book begins with Cholesky's biography, followed by his family’s hi...

  6. Energy Balance of the Sao Paulo State -1998 Base year 1997; Balanco energetico do Estado de Sao Paulo - 1998. Ano base 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    This energy balance of the Sao Paulo State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: panorama of the energy matrix; supply and demand of energy by source 1983-1997; energy consumption by sector 1983/1997; economic aspects; resources and reserves energy; and balance of the transformation centers 1983/1997.

  7. Location study of thermoelectric in Sao Paulo's State, Brazil; Estudo de localizacao de termoeletricas no Estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fadigas, Eliane Aparecida F.A.; Reis, Lineu Belico dos [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas; Ramos, Dorel Soares; Vieira, Silas [Companhia Energetica de Sao Paulo (CESP), SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: eliane@pea.usp.br

    1999-07-01

    The article presents the results of studies developed to identify, locate and order thermoelectric generation options through costs increasing. This evaluation considered just options of Sao Paulo, a Brazilian state. The used methodology and the main parameters and variables which influence in the projects economic activity are introduced in the article. A software denominated SAEGET was also used.

  8. La vida de Santo Domingo de Silos: onirocrítica y semántica

    OpenAIRE

    González, Javier Roberto

    2007-01-01

    We study the prophetic vision of Santo Domingo de Silos in Gonzalo de Berceo’s Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos, with the aim of: a) analysing the text according to categories of prophecy, vision and dream in medieval christian culture; b) analysing the configuration of oniric images as an allegorical discourse; c) given the limits of allegorical semantics, interpreting those symbolic images characterized by prophetical obscuritas in the light of Grimaldus’ Vita Beati Dominici, source of Berceo...

  9. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) collected in the coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos teores de Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn e V em mexilhoes Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) coletados no litoral do estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Daniele

    2012-07-01

    The coastal environment has been heavily altered by multiple environmental impacts of human activities, such as disposal of sewage from urban areas, the release of numerous chemical industries, agriculture and the flow of vessels, which can lead to accidental spills of oil and oil products, fuels and other products transported by sea. In this context, a means of determining concentrations of these potentially toxic substances in the sea water is the biomonitoring by means of different types of bivalves, which have been used by various researchers, in Brazil and other countries. With regard to bivalve mollusks, particularly mussels, their use in monitoring the marine contamination is mainly due to their wide geographic distribution, sessile habit and ability to concentrate toxic metals to 102-105 times in relation to the concentrations detected in water. In the present study, we employed the passive biomonitoring using the Perna perna bivalve mollusk with respect to the elements Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V. These elements were chosen since they can be determined by INAA method (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis), by means of short irradiation which provides faster analyzes and also due to their importance from the standpoint of environmental or nutritional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in samples of Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo subject to anthropogenic contamination (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos), comparing the values obtained in sites potentially impacted with the values of the control site in Praia da Cocanha, in Caraguatatuba. The collection points located in Sao Paulo coast are located in the geographical areas 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 37'S - 45 Degree-Sign 24' W (Caraguatatuba) and 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 57'S - 46 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 20' W (Santos). The collection of organisms

  10. Läänemere strateegia arvestab kodanike ettepanekutega / Jose Palma Andres ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palma Andres, Jose

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni regionaalpoliitika peadirektoraadi direktor Jose Palma Andres vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad avalikku debatti Läänemere strateegia üle ning Venemaa partnerlust Läänemere strateegias. Lisa: [Läänemere strateegia

  11. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Näripea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Näripea, Eva

    2006-01-01

    Analüüsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analüüsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mängufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Käsperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  12. Tallinna idee / Andres Alver, Ott Alver, Marten Kaevats ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso ; kommenteerinud Douglas Gordon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    17. veebruaril esitleti raamatut "Tallinna idee", mis on koostatud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia 4. kursuse arhitektuuritudengite kursuseprojektide põhjal. Tallinna teemal vestlevad tudengid Ott Alver ja Marten Kaevats ning nende juhendaja professor Andres Alver

  13. Põlvas tuli esitusele Andre Laine 29 tantsu / Mati Määrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Määrits, Mati, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Põlva Kultuuri- ja Huvikeskuses sai näha Põlvamaa Koolitantsu maakondlikku eelvooru. 52st tantsust 29 tantsu autor on Andre Laine. Kommenteerib ka Tartu Ülikooli Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia lavakunstide osakonna tantsukunsti õppejõud Kai Valtna

  14. Eestlane juhib Ukrainas EBRD investeeringuid / Andre Küüsvek ; interv. Henrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Küüsvek, Andre

    2008-01-01

    Seni Euroopa Rekonstruktsiooni- ja Arengupanga (EBRD) Kasahstani osakonda juhtinud Andre Küüsvek valiti juhtima EBRD investeeringuid Ukrainas. Tänavu on plaanis investeerida Ukrainas 1,5 mld. dollarit

  15. André-Philip Lemke näitus Tallinnas / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    1998-01-01

    Saksa kunstniku André-Philip Lemke (1970) näitus "Üks-üks armsa Jumala kasuks" 17. augustist Saksa Kultuuriinstituudis. Tööd on valgele paberile tavalise sinise pastapliiatsiga kirjutatud-joonistatud

  16. Korterelamu Tallinnas Weizenbergi 29 = Apartment Building in Tallinn, at 29 Weizenbergi Street / Andres Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Puitvoodriga betoonist kastjas hoone. Projekteerija Alver Trummal Arhitektid. Arhitektid Andres Alver ja Tarmo Laht. Eriosad: Eesti Projekt. Projekt 1998, valmis 2000. 3 ill.: põhiplaan, välisvaade, Pille Lausmäe kujundatud korteri vaade

  17. Haapsalu Gümnaasiumi võimla = Haapsalu Gymnasium Gym / Andres Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija: Alver Trummal Arhitektid OÜ. Arhitektid Andres Alver, Sven Koppel, Tarmo Laht, Ulla Mets. Projekt 1998-1999, hoone valmis 2001. 11 ill.: asendi- ja korruse plaan, pikilõige, välis- ja sisevaated

  18. Noblessneri Loomemaja = Noblessner Creative house / Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera, Eero Jürgenson, Andres Jomp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Noblessneri Loomemaja Tallinnas Tööstuse 48/Peetri 11, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera (ARS Projekt), sisearhitektid Eero Jürgenson, Andres Jomp (ARS Projekt). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  19. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Näripea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Näripea, Eva, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Analüüsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analüüsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mängufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Käsperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  20. Raio Piiroja : mängijatest ei suudetud maksimumi pigistada / Andres Kalvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 19. nov., lk. 13. Eesti koondis võlgneb EM-valikturniiri viimase kohtumise 2:0 Andorra üle suuresti Andres Operile. Kommenteerib Andorra koondise peatreener David Rodrigo

  1. SANTO TOMÁS, O TOMISMO E O DIREITO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Frederico Gurgel Calvet da Silveira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Santo Tomás recebeu de Aristóteles a concepção da excelência da política e, ao comentar a obrade Aristóteles, chama esse saber de ciência arquitetônica. Por outro lado, dentro de uma concepção que setornará determinante na história do Ocidente até Maquiavel, Tomás subordina a política e o direito àética. Nada disso seria possível se estas ciências, por sua vez, não estivessem fundamentadas numametafísica sólida. De que metafísica se trata? É importante abordar, mesmo que brevemente, essa noção eas noções principais da metafísica tomista, que chamamos de tomismo essencial, para que se possaentender sua teoria sobre a justiça. Assim como todo o pensamento de Santo Tomás, esta teoria sofreuimportantes transformações em sua história, marcadas, sobretudo, por um desvio da metafísica do ser. Arecuperação da sua metafísica original permite compreender conceitos como o de lei e de direito naturalna dinâmica da participação do ser, assim como entender a justiça como uma virtude ascendente conexaa outras virtudes, sem as quais não pode ser realizada. // St. Thomas Aquinas received from Aristotle the conception of the excellence of Politics, andcommenting on the work of Aristotle, he calls this knowledge architectural science. On the other hand, ina conception that will become crucial in the history of the West to Machiavelli, Thomas submits Lawand Politics to Ethics. None of this would be possible if these sciences, in turn, were not grounded in asolid metaphysical. What is metaphysics? It is important to address, albeit briefly, this notion and themain notions of Thomistic metaphysics, which we call essential Thomism, so you can understand histheory of justice. Just like the thought of St. Thomas, this theory has undergone significanttransformations in its history, marked mainly by a deviation from the metaphysics of being. The recoveryof its original metaphysical allows us to understand the concepts of law and

  2. Ecotoxicological assessment of sediments from the Port of Santos and the disposal sites of dredged material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduinetty Ceci P. M. Sousa

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The dredging of sediments from the Santos Channel is necessary to allow the navigation of ships operating in the Port of Santos. The disposal sites for such sediments are situated on the coastal zone, in front of the Santos Bay. The present paper aimed at evaluating the toxicity of sediments collected at the Santos Channel and at the former and current sediment disposal sites. Whole sediment tests with amphipods and elutriate assays with sea-urchin embryos were used. The samples from the Santos Channel were considered the most toxic: all the sediment samples from this area showed toxicity. Moreover, some samples from both former and new sediment disposal sites exhibited toxicity. Therefore, results showed that sediments from the studied areas present evidences of degradation; however, further studies are required to determine relationships between toxicity and contamination. Results also suggested that the disposal of dredged sediments should be re-evaluated.A dragagem dos sedimentos do Canal de Santos é necessária para permitir o trânsito de navios que operam no Porto de Santos. As áreas de disposição do material dragado estão situadas na zona costeira, em frente à Baía de Santos. Este estudo visou avaliar a qualidade dos sedimentos do Canal de Santos e das áreas de disposição atuais e antigas, utilizando testes de toxicidade de sedimento integral com anfípodos e de toxicidade de elutriatos com embriões de ouriço do mar. As amostras do Canal de Santos foram consideradas as mais tóxicas: todas as amostras dessa área foram consideradas significativamente tóxicas. Além disso, algumas amostras das áreas de disposição exibiram toxicidade. Os resultados mostraram, portanto, que os sedimentos apresentam evidências de degradação em sua qualidade, porém novos estudos devem ser conduzidos visando determinar as relações entre contaminação e toxicidade. Os resultados sugerem ainda que a disposição dos sedimentos dragados

  3. Violence against women, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciele Marabotti Costa Leite

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women’s family and life history was developed. The statistical analyzes used were Poisson regression, Fisher’s exact test and Chi-square. RESULTS The prevalence we observed were psychological 25.3% (95%CI 22.6–28.2; physical 9.9% (95%CI 8.1–11.9 and sexual 5.7% (95%CI 4.3–7.3. Psychological violence remained associated with education, marital status, maternal history of intimate partner violence, sexual violence in childhood and drug use, while physical assault was related to age, education, marital status and maternal history of intimate partner violence. Sexual violence occurred the most among women with low income, and victims of sexual violence in childhood. CONCLUSIONS Psychological, physical and sexual violence showed highly frequency among women assisted by primary care services. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors, personal experiences, and maternal violence influence the phenomenon.

  4. Alkohol, andre rusmidler og vold i epidemiologisk perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Pernanen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDen medisinske interessen for vold og voldsskader har økt kraftig i løpet av de siste to tiårene. Det epidemiologiskeperspektivet på vold har blitt forsterket og et mer etiologisk og preventivt syn på volden er mere merkbarinnenfor sosialmedisinsk forskning. Alkoholen er en etiologisk faktor som har vist seg å være forbundet med voldi de aller fleste samfunn. I denne artikkelen beskrives de viktigste epidemiologiske metodene og funnene i studietav alkoholens sammenheng med vold. Denne sammenhengen har vist seg ikke å være direkte, men er avhengig aven rekke andre faktorer, og noen forskjellige typer av kausal avhengighet beskrives i artikkelen. Den epidemiologiskeforskningen om andre rusmidlers sammenheng med vold er betydelig mindre omfattende enn den er foralkohol. Det er også åpenbart at andre rusmidler ikke er like sterkt sammenknyttet med vold som alkoholen.Pernanen K. Alcohol, other drugs, and violence in an epidemiological perspective.Nor J Epidemiol ENGLISH SUMMARYThe public health approach to violence has become increasingly accepted during the last couple of decades. Thishas led to more epidemiological research into violence, and a stronger medical interest in the etiology and preventionof violence. However, epidemiological research on the prevalence of violence in different societies is stillmainly criminological in nature, being based on information about violence that has come to the attention of thepolice or processed in the courts. The study of the relationship between alcohol use and violent behaviour is alsopredominantly based on police and court materials, although an increasing number of emergency room andhospitalization studies have examined the role of alcohol in injuries caused by violence.There are two basic methodological approaches in the study of the relationship between alcohol use andviolence. The alcohol-involvement studies estimate the extent to which drinking by the offender or the victim

  5. Kultuuriaasta väljapaistvamaks sündmuseks osutus kirjandusfestival / Ilona Smushkina, Tiia Toomet, Andres Keil ; interv. [Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smushkina, Ilona

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Kultuurikandjad - "Aasta kultuurikandja" : kirjandusfestival "Prima Vista" (festivali juhatuse liige Ilona Smushkina), kultuurikajastaja Andres Keil, kutseline kooslus - Tartu Mänguasja muuseum (direktor Tiia Toomet) jt.

  6. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna Mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coast of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Daniele; Vasconcellos, Marina B.A.; Saiki, Mitiki; Catharino, Marilia G.M.; Moreira, Edson G., E-mail: danyseo@uol.com.br, E-mail: mbvascon@ipen.br, E-mail: mitiko@ipen.br, E-mail: mgcatharino@uol.com.br, E-mail: emoreira@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Sousa, Eduinetty C.P.M. de, E-mail: edvinett@usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IO/USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico. Laboratorio de Ecotoxicologia Marinha e Microfitobentos

    2013-07-01

    In this study the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V was evaluated in samples of Perna perna mussels collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos) subjected to anthropogenic contamination, to compare these values with those of mussels from reference site of Cocanha Beach (in Caraguatatuba). The mussels were collected seasonally from September 2008 to July 2009. They were cleaned, ground, homogenized, lyophilized and then analyzed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). The INAA procedure consisted in the irradiation of the samples and synthetic elemental standards for 8 and 10 s, under a thermal neutron flux of 6.6 x 10{sup 12} n cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} in the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. For quality control of analytical results, certified reference materials NIST 1566b Oyster Tissue and NIST 2876 Mussel Tissue were analyzed and their results indicated good accuracy. The ranges of concentrations (dry basis) of the elements obtained in mussels collected for the four seasons of the year were: 173.80 to 358.99 mg kg{sup -1} for Br; 45658 ± 1811 to 109166 ± 824 mg kg{sup -1} for Cl; 7043 ± 856 to 12506 ± 675 mg kg{sup -1} for K; 2774 ± 211 to 5691 ± 717 mg kg{sup -1} for Mg; 7.01 ± 0.30 to 29.74 ± 3.32 mg kg{sup -1} for Mn and 0.77 ± 0.02 to 3.43 ± 0.28 mg kg{sup -1} for V. The seasonal and spatial variations of these element concentrations were in this study. (author)

  7. Andres Puustusmaa - mees nagu jalgratas ehk Seitseteist kevadist hetke enne Moskva rongi väljumist / Andres Puustusmaa ; interv. Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puustusmaa, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Venemaal tegutseva Eestist pärit režissööri Andres Puustusmaa mängufilm "18-14" esilinastub 10. jaanuaril Eestis. Lisaks tõlge filmi tutvustavast tekstist (www.1814.ru) : "Tsarskoje Selo Kõrilõikaja ja lütseumi kasvandikud". Artikkel rubriigis "Teatriküljed 1/25"

  8. Energy balance of Sao Paulo state, Brazil 2008. Calendar year 2007; Balanco energetico do Estado de Sao Paulo 2008. Ano base 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This document presents the consolidated annual energy balances and also tables and graphics which detailed the evolution and the present status of offer and demand of each energy resources used by Sao Paulo, Brazil, economy and regionalized and environmental information. It covers the period of 1994 to 2007 and includes energy fluxes of the energy primary and secondary resources, from the production to the final consumption of the main sectors of the state economy.

  9. Kan vi lære af de andre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Rene B; Schlüntz, Ditte Annette; Christensen, Ove

    Kan vi lære af de andre? Udenlandske erfaringer med e-læring og blended learning i erhvervsuddannelser og læreruddannelser for erhvervsskolelærere er en afrapportering af et forsøgs og udviklingsprojekt, der har haft til formål at udvikle koncepter og modeller for e-læring og blended learning i...... forankrede? • Hvilken virkning har brugen af e-læring og blended learning for forskellige uddannelsesinstitutioner? Forsøgs- og udviklingsarbejdet har således haft fokus på at finde og udvikle modeller og koncepter for e-læring og blended læring, der har størst mulig læringseffekt, så danske erhvervsskoler...... erhvervsuddannelserne og læreruddannelsen for erhvervsskolelærere. Projektet har undersøgt og systematiseret udenlandske erfaringer med virkningen af e-læring og blended learning med henblik på at udlede erfaringer om de betingelser, der gør, at en given uddannelsesinstitution har udbytte af at inddrage e-læring og...

  10. Afståelsesret og andre former for lejerskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Louise

    Afståelsesret og andre former for lejerskifte indeholder en analyse af lejerens adgang til at overdrage sit lejemål til en ny lejer.  Bogen bygger på forfatterens ph.d. afhandling.  Bogen er opdelt i to dele, en almindelig del, og en speciel del. I bogens almindelige del undersøges spørgsmålet, om...... lejerens ret til lejerskifte, når der ikke er taget stilling i lejeaftalen. Her fastlægges baggrundsretten med udgangspunkt i de obligationsretlige grundsætninger. I denne kontekst beskrives fremlejeretten, lejerens nærtståendes forsættelses- eller overtagelsesret ved lejrens død, skilsmisse m.v., og...... tillige retstillingen når lejeaftalen er indgået med flere lejere, et I/S, et ApS eller et A/S.  I bogens specielle del undersøges lejerens ret til at afstå eller genindtræde lejeforholdet, når lejerens har afståelsesret og genindtrædelsesret ifølge af lejeaftalen. Denne undersøgelse berører udlejerens...

  11. Les visages ambigues d'André Breton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Podkrižnik

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available L'article porte sur une machinerie d'images du célebre pilier du mouvement surréaliste français André Breton. Cette figure extraordinaire, mais aussi contradictoire, a d'un côté changé la vie et la vision de tous ceux qui l'ont connue, et n'a en meme temps cessé de changer aussi sa propre façon d'etre. Une personnalité hors du commun, qui écrit des livres et des lettres, qui parle a haute voix, qui s'engage politiquement, qui s'exile, qui est cible de ses adversaires, reste souvent dogmatique en public, mais parle beaucoup plus librement en privé. Pere fouettard qui a ses interdits, ses tabous, qui crie familles je vous hais et ne peut supporter la métamorphose de ses disciples, se métamorphose en un pere et (plus tard fils aimable. Celui qui veut appartenir a la famille des grands indésirables, trouve sa place parmi les plus grands désirables du 20e siecle.

  12. Arturo Andrés Roig, lector de Spinoza Arturo Andrés Roig, Spinoza Reader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Oviedo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La categoría spinoziana de conatus ocupa un puesto central en la arquitectónica discursiva de la filosofía práctica de Arturo Andrés Roig. Se trata de un fundamento previo del saber práctico-moral que oficia de figura explicativa originaria, pues el conatus concierne a una dimensión primaria de los entes. Su status teórico no se reduce por tanto a reconocer un aspecto antropológico entre otros, sino que adquiere un carácter vertebrador en el conjunto de las estrategias de fundamentación de la idea de "moral emergente" propuesta por nuestro filósofo. Nosotros estimamos que la condición ontológica del conatus es una instancia determinante de los planteos éticos y políticos de Arturo Roig. Dicha inflexión spinozista tan patente, sin embargo, no es tenida suficientemente en cuenta en algunas lecturas especializadas de la Argentina. En consecuencia, nos proponemos en primer término destacar la función constructiva que ese momento spinoziano posee en el pensamiento del maestro mendocino, ciñéndonos a un tratamiento de los textos en donde esa fuerza conceptual se torna más visible, sin excluir por cierto otros tratamientos concomitantes. Ello nos permitirá, en un segundo nivel más historiográfico de análisis, revalorar la recepción de Spinoza en los escritos de Arturo Roig.The Spinoza conatus category occupies a central place in the architectural discourse of practical philosophy of Arturo Andres Roig. This is a preliminary basis of practical knowledge and moral figure that offers originating explanation, as the conatus concerns a primary dimension of entities. Its theoretical status is not reduced only to recognizing anthropological aspect among others, but acquires a backbone in the set of strategies to substantiate the idea of "emerging moral" given by our philosopher. We believe that the ontological status is an instance of conatus determinant of ethical and political layout of Arturo Roig. Spinoza said turning so clearly

  13. Electron spin resonance dating of human teeth from Toca da Santa shelter of Sao Raimundo Nonato, Piaui, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinoshita, A. [Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil); Universidade do Sagrado Coracao, Rua Irma Arminda 10-50, 17011-160 Bauru, SP (Brazil); Figueiredo, A.M.G. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Av. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitaria, 5422-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Felice, G.D. [Fundacao Museu do Homem Americano-FUNDHAM, Rua Abdias Neves, no. 551, Centro, 64770-000 Sao Raimundo Nonato, Piaui (Brazil); Lage, M.C.S.M. [Universidade Federal do Piaui, Departamento de Quimica, Campus da Ininga, Ininga, 64049-550 Teresina, Piaui (Brazil); Guidon, N. [Fundacao Museu do Homem Americano-FUNDHAM, Rua Abdias Neves, no. 551, Centro, 64770-000 Sao Raimundo Nonato, Piaui (Brazil); Baffa, O. [Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: baffa@usp.br

    2008-02-15

    Results of the dating of fossil human teeth excavated from a shelter in the surroundings areas of the Serra da Capivara National Park, Sao Raimundo Nonato, Piaui, Brazil are presented. This shelter was partially excavated to search for more data that could improve the archaeological context of the Garrincho's limestone hill sites, where the Toca do Gordo do Garrincho shelter provided two human teeth dated by conventional C-14 in (12,170 {+-} 40) yBP (years before present) and calibrated age (2 Sigma, 95% probability) 15,245-14,690 yBP (Beta 136204) [E. Peyre, C. Guerin, N. Guidon, I. Coppens, CR Acad. Sci. Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planetes/ Earth and Planetary Sciences 327 (1998) 335, ]. This region is challenging the classical theories about the peopling of America. In agreement with such theories the first human groups would have arrived in America, through Behring, only about 20,000 years ago. The site Toca do Boqueirao da Pedra Furada is a rock-shelter situated at the cliff that is the frontier between the Pre-Cambrian Sao Francisco plain and the Devonian-Permian highlands of the Maranhao-Piaui basin. It was excavated from 1978 till 1988 and presented a very consistent stratigraphy, with thousand of lithic implements and hearths [F. Parenti, Le gisement quaternaire de la Pedra Furada (Piaui, Bresil), Stratigraphie, chronologie, evolution culturelle, Editions Recherches sur les civilisations, Paris, 2002, ; F. Parenti, Le Gisement Quaternaire de la Toca do Boqueirao da Pedra Furada (Piaui, Bresil) dans le Contexte de la Prehistoire Americaine Fouilles, Stratigraphie, Chronologie, Evolution Culturelle, Ph.D. diss, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 1993, 411p, ; F. Parenti, M. Fontugne, N. Guidon, C. Guerin, M. Faure, Chronostratigraphie des gisements archeologiques et paleontologiques de Sao Raimundo Nonato (Piaui, Bresil): contribution a la connaissance du peuplement pleistocene de l'Amerique, Supplement de la Revue d

  14. CERN celebrates André Martin’s 80th birthday

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    André Martin, pictured at the ceremony held in honour of his 80th birthday. On 27 August 2009 CERN’s Main Auditorium was the venue for a celebration in honour of André Martin’s 80th birthday. Regarded as one of the most important theoretical physicists of his generation, André Martin is one of CERN’s most distinguished figures. The celebration began with a conference, followed by a concert and a reception. After the conference, André Martin made an emotional speech looking back over his fifty-year career and paying tribute to all those who had made important contributions during his time at CERN. "I was extremely happy, and I am very touched by this marvellous celebration you have organised for me. It was a wonderful idea, and I very much enjoyed the concert of Blandine Eynaud and John Devore. My wife, Schu, and I love the music of Gabriel Fauré", he said at the end. André Martin j...

  15. Laurie R. Santos: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Laurie R. Santos for creative and insightful investigations of cognition across a broad range of species and psychological domains, illuminating cognitive development and cognitive evolution. Laurie R. Santos links many branches of psychological inquiry in her research, including animal behavior, comparative psychology, developmental psychology, judgment and decision making, and social psychology. In particular, her studies of biases, irrationalities, and errors- where rational decision making fails, rather than succeeds-are providing remarkable insights into how cognitive biases evolved and how decision making operates at a fundamental level. Her accomplishments beautifully illustrate the power of comparative studies of animal learning and behavior to help us understand the human mind. Santos' Award citation and a selected bibliography are also presented here. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  16. Avaliação da satisfação dos pacientes atendidos em uma clínica-escola de fisioterapia de Santo André, SP Assessment of patient satisfaction with physical therapy at a college health clinic in Santo André, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eneida Yuri Suda

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o grau de satisfação com o atendimento fisioterapêutico de 51 pacientes (idade 47,6±14,8 anos que estavam recebendo tal atendimento em uma clínica-escola que atende gratuitamente. O nível de satisfação foi avaliado por um questionário brasileiro, validado, sobre a satisfação dos pacientes com a fisioterapia. A ampla maioria (77% dos pacientes eram de baixo nível socioeconômico. Os resultados mostram que os pacientes apresentam um alto nível de satisfação com o atendimento fisioterapêutico quanto à relação paciente-terapeuta, aos membros da equipe de atendimento, à dinâmica e à infra-estrutura da clínica. Respostas negativas figuraram apenas em algumas questões referentes à infra-estrutura da clínica. A questão relativa à satisfação com o atendimento em geral obteve 55% de respostas "excelente", 27% de "ótimo" e 18% de "bom". O paciente atendido pela clínica-escola tem a consciência que um aluno/estagiário estará realizando o atendimento. Embora os resultados possam ter sido influenciados pelo baixo status socioeconomico da clientela, que em geral não alimenta altas expectativas, ainda assim apontam para uma opinião homogênea positiva sobre a seriedade e competência do trabalho realizado pela equipe na clínica.The purpose of this study was to measure patient satisfaction at a publicly offered physical therapy service in a university clinic. Fifty-one patients were evaluated (mean age 47,6±14,8 years, who were being attended to at the health clinic. Satisfaction level was assessed by means of a Brazilian-developed and validated patient satisfaction physical therapy questionnaire. Most subjects (77% presented low social-economic status. Results showed a high level of satisfaction as to therapist-patient relationship, staff, clinic dynamics, and facilities. Some negative answers were observed as to the clinic's convenience (location and parking place. Answers to the question concerning overall satisfaction with the assistance ranged from 55% "excellent", 27% "very good", to 18% "good". The clinic patients are aware that they will be attended to by students. Though results may have been biased by patients' low social-economic profile, who do not usually have high expectations, still they point to a homogenous, positive evaluation of the seriousness and competency of the clinic team work.

  17. "Conscientizacao" through Graffiti Literacies in the Streets of a Sao Paulo Neighborhood: An Ecosocial Semiotic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iddings, Ana Christina DaSilva; McCafferty, Steven G.; da Silva, Maria Lucia Teixeira

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we applied an ecosocial semiotic theoretical framework to the analysis of graffiti literacies in the Vila Madalena neighborhood of Sao Paulo, Brazil, to inquire about the nature and processes of "conscientizacao" (critical awareness) for adult street dwellers who had no or little ability to read and write (as traditionally…

  18. Landscape risk factors for attacks of vampire bats on cattle in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Murilo Novaes; Monteiro, Antonio Miguel Vieira; Lewis, Nicola; Gonçalves, Celso Alberto; Filho, Vladimir de Souza Nogueira

    2010-02-01

    Vampire-bat (Desmodus rotundus) attacks on cattle are a major concern for cattle-raising area. Blood loss and paralytic rabies due to bat bites can impose severe losses on the livestock. We took four municipalities inside the Sao Joao da Boa Vista veterinary district (Sao Paulo, Brazil) as a study area and tested a set of landscape features for spatial correlation with distance to areas in which vampire-bat attacks on cattle were documented. Bat- and cattle-related data from the Sao Paulo State Rabies Control Program were used. Landscape data (first-order rivers and their tributaries, main roads, railways and urban areas) were obtained from official cartographic agencies; forest, sugarcane and pasture data were acquired from remote-sensing mappings. The study area was taken as a grid split into 178 cells. Each 4kmx4km cell was filled with bat, cattle and landscape data. Our analysis detected that grid cells that were closer to areas of bat attacks on cattle had higher cattle density and a greater percentage of the land committed to sugarcane cropping, and were close to forest fragments. These results shed light on the need for rethink the Rabies Control Program strategies for defining the surveillance of vampire-bat populations and rabies control in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Unravelling the Drivers of the Recent Drought over Sao Paulo (Brazil) using HadCM3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattnayak, K. C.; Tindall, J. C.; Brienen, R.; Baker, J.; Spracklen, D. V.; Gloor, E. U.

    2015-12-01

    Since ca. 2010, Sao Paulo has struggled with a multi-year drought. Reservoir levels of Sao Paulo, south-America's largest city, are at a record low level, and as a result the city has implemented water-controlling measures. Usually, the rainy season runs from October through March, bringing important rain for this city. However, over the last 5 years, Sao Paulo has experienced multiple years of below average rainfall. In this study, we try to explain the climatic drivers and mechanisms behind the observed drought over Sao Paulo using a combination of observations and model simulations. We analyse observed precipitation, air temperature and sea surface temperature (SST) datasets over the recent past to characterise the climate anomalies and visualize the extent of the drought. We then use the Hadley Centre Climate model (HadCM3) with prescribed observed SST anomalies to probe the possible causes behind the drought. This analysis will show us possible climatic drivers behind the drought in the most densely populated region of South America.

  20. The Social Distribution of Explanations of Health and Illness among Adolescents in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moura, Sergio Luiz; Harpham, Trudy; Lyons, Michal

    2003-01-01

    Investigates explanations of health and illness among adolescents from three socio-economic backgrounds in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The findings showed that adolescents from different socio-economic conditions draw upon similar explanatory models to make sense of health and illness. The findings suggest a need for health professionals to be sensitive to…

  1. The Social Distribution of Reports of Health-Related Concerns among Adolescents in Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moura, S. L.

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated the health-related concerns of adolescents living on streets as compared to poor and privileged adolescents living with their families in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The different groups of respondents were similar in terms of individuals' fear of disease and lack of concern about health in old age. AIDS and cancer were feared by…

  2. Reengineering Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Laboratories at Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seabra, Antonio C.; Consonni, Denise

    Brazilian engineering schools are under a strict program to reengineer their courses with the financial support of the federal agencies. At the electronic engineering department at the University of Sao Paulo, this process started by modifying the Basic Electricity and Electronic Laboratories. This paper describes the new structure of these labs…

  3. Paulo Freire as Secretary of Education in the Municipality of Sao Paulo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto

    1994-01-01

    Examines educational policy formation in Sao Paulo, 1989-92, under the leadership of Paulo Freire. Explores theoretical and policy controversies surrounding the diminishing role of the state in Latin America, the impact of social movements on educational policymaking, and the limits and possibilities of democratic-socialist perspectives in…

  4. Contemporary Art at School: The Educational Sector at the Sao Paulo Biennial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Almeida, Ana Cristina Pereira

    1989-01-01

    Describes how the Educational Sector of the Sao Paulo Biennial assists art teachers in introducing contemporary art into the schools. Outlines how students were observed viewing the exhibition and creating artworks. Describes how training programs and materials were provided to help the schools. (KM)

  5. FAP Group Supervision: Reporting Educational Experiences at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielenska, Regina Christina; Oshiro, Claudia Kami Bastos

    2012-01-01

    The present article describes and analyzes educational experiences related to the teaching of FAP for psychology graduate students and psychiatry residents at the University of Sao Paulo. The first experience involved psychology graduate students and includes an example of the shaping process occurring within the supervisor-supervisee…

  6. Vanglaülestõus vallandas Sao Paulos kaose / Erik Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Erik

    2006-01-01

    11. mail vallandus Sao Paulo vanglates konflikt, mis laienes üle osariigi ning mille käigus süüdati kümneid busse, rünnati politseiautosid ja pangakontoreid, pantvangi võeti ligi 200 inimest. Kaubanduskeskused ja koolid jäid suletuks, ühistransport oli halvatud. Kaart: Vägivallalaine Brasiilias. Lisa: Maffia

  7. Productivity and cost analysis of feller buncher at Sao Hill Forest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was therefore designed to analyze the productivity and costs of using feller bunchers for timber harvesting at Sao Hill Forest Plantations. Productivity studies were performed during clear felling operations. Continuous time study technique using snap-back timing method was used for data collection on productive ...

  8. Productivity and cost analysis of grapple skidder at Sao Hill Forest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Therefore this study was conducted to analyze the productivity and cost of grapple skidder at Sao hill forest plantation. Time and motion studies were used for data collection. Time elements of grapple skidder operations that were recorded included: travel empty time, grappling time, travel loaded time and unloading time.

  9. Um Recorte do Cenário da Psicologia Organizacional no Espírito Santo.

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, F. M.

    2013-01-01

    Esta pesquisa se propôs a investigar o olhar de onze psicólogos organizacionais do Estado do Espírito Santo acerca da Psicologia Organizacional Especificamente profissionais que trabalham em grandes organizações localizadas no Estado do Espírito Santo. De forma específica foi possível distinguir que quatro trabalham em indústrias, quatro trabalham em empresas de serviços e três trabalham em empresas de consultoria de recursos humanos. Utilizamos como proposta metodológica uma visão qualitativ...

  10. Three new species of Bertolonia (Melastomataceae from Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas F. Bacci

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We describe and illustrate three new species of Bertolonia, all endemic to the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Bertolonia duasbocaensis and B. macrocalyx occur close to each other, in the municipalities of Cariacica and Viana. Bertolonia ruschiana has a wider distribution, occurring in the municipalities of Santa Leopoldina, Santa Maria de Jetibá and Santa Teresa. The first two species are classified as critically endangered (CR, and the latter as endangered (EN. We also present an identification key for the species of Bertolonia that occur in Espírito Santo.

  11. [The symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk: an incursion into the thinking of Boaventura de Sousa Santos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevalho, Gil; Stotz, Eduardo

    2012-09-01

    Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the concept of epidemiological risk is critically discussed. The work of Elizabeth Teixeira, who uses the ideas of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, is presented. The proposal for symbolic cartography of epidemiological risk is sketched out, defining analytical scales ranging from exteriority and distancing from the field of science to the proximity of territory and place, conceptualized on the basis of the geography of Milton Santos, in which conceptions of risk are drawn up from the perspective of the everyday routine of social existence. Questions relating to space, territoriality, subjectivity and time give meaning to a cartography of risk which is proposed as a model for epidemiological investigations.

  12. RAPHAEL SAMÚ: Experiências do muralismo no Espírito Santo

    OpenAIRE

    GONCALVES, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A proposta deste estudo é investigar o processo de criação do artista plástico brasileiro Raphael Samú, tendo como recorte sua obra em mosaico mural, mais especificamente o mural presente na entrada da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo UFES, em Vitória - Espírito Santo. Para tal, investigaremos através dos pressupostos da Crítica Genética e da Crítica Inferencial quais foram os caminhos tomados pelo artista durante a confecção de tal obra, apontando assim a intencionalidade do projet...

  13. Integrated management of operations in Santos Basin: methodology applied to a new philosophy of operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Leandro Leonardo; Lima, Claudio Benevenuto de Campos [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Derenzi Neto, Dario [Accenture, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pinto, Vladimir Steffen [Soda IT, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lima, Gilson Brito Alves [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the methodology used to develop the Integrated Management of Operations (GIOp) project in Santos Basin Operational Unit (UO-BS) in the South-Southeast Exploration and Production area of PETROBRAS. The following text describes how the activities were carried out to gather improvements opportunities and to design To-Be processes, considering the challenging environment of the Santos Basin in the coming years. At the end of more than 12 months of work, more than 50 processes and sub-processes were redesigned, involving a multidisciplinary team in the areas of operations, maintenance, safety, health and environment, flow assurance, wells, reservoirs and planning. (author)

  14. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  15. Andrés Chiautla, Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Tiburcio-Rosales

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se realizó un Ordenamiento Ecológico Territorial del municipio de San Andrés Chiautla. La metodología empleada fue la propuesta por el INE-SEMARNAP, la cual emplea la variante de los sistemas complejos asociados a la metodología de SEDUE, utilizando las variantes del Levantamiento Fisiográfico realizado a través del SIG para la caracterización de los subsistemas natural y socioeconómico; así como la utilización de los términos de referencia para las transformaciones y permanencias del uso del suelo obtenidos del Programa Estatal de Ordenamiento Territorial elaborado por SEDESOL. Se generaron ocho productos como resultado de la etapa de caracterización del subsistema natural y socioeconómico los cuales son: la calidad ecológica de los recursos naturales, la fragilidad natural, los cambios del uso del suelo y vegetación, la presión de la población sobre su entorno natural, la distribución de la población, los niveles de bienestar de la población, la dinámica espacial y temporal de la población y los aspectos socioeconómicos. Después de la etapa de caracterización se llevó a cabo la integración del subsistema natural para obtener la estabilidad ambiental y las políticas ambientales. Como resultado final se obtuvieron las tablas de uso, políticas y criterios para normalizar la utilización del espacio territorial.

  16. Sao Paulo Lightning Mapping Array (SP-LMA): Deployment, Operation and Initial Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blakeslee, R.; Bailey, J. C.; Carey, L. D.; Rudlosky, S.; Goodman, S. J.; Albrecht, R.; Morales, C. A.; Anseimo, E. M.; Pinto, O.

    2012-01-01

    An 8-10 station Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) network is being deployed in the vicinity of Sao Paulo to create the SP-LMA for total lightning measurements in association with the international CHUVA [Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: A contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)] field campaign. Besides supporting CHUVA science/mission objectives and the Sao Luiz do Paraitinga intensive operation period (IOP) in November-December 2011, the SP-LMA will support the generation of unique proxy data for the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) and Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), both sensors on the NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R), presently under development and scheduled for a 2015 launch. The proxy data will be used to develop and validate operational algorithms so that they will be ready for use on "day1" following the launch of GOES-R. A preliminary survey of potential sites in the vicinity of Sao Paulo was conducted in December 2009 and January 2010, followed up by a detailed survey in July 2010, with initial network deployment scheduled for October 2010. However, due to a delay in the Sao Luiz do Paraitinga IOP, the SP-LMA will now be installed in July 2011 and operated for one year. Spacing between stations is on the order of 15-30 km, with the network "diameter" being on the order of 30-40 km, which provides good 3-D lightning mapping 150 km from the network center. Optionally, 1-3 additional stations may be deployed in the vicinity of Sao Jos dos Campos.

  17. Shedding Light on the Sea: André Morel's Legacy to Optical Oceanography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoine, David; Babin, Marcel; Berthon, Jean-François; Bricaud, Annick; Gentili, Bernard; Loisel, Hubert; Maritorena, Stéphane; Stramski, Dariusz

    2014-01-01

    André Morel (1933-2012) was a prominent pioneer of modern optical oceanography, enabling significant advances in this field. Through his forward thinking and research over more than 40 years, he made key contributions that this field needed to grow and to reach its current status. This article first summarizes his career and then successively covers different aspects of optical oceanography where he made significant contributions, from fundamental work on optical properties of water and particles to global oceanographic applications using satellite ocean color observations. At the end, we share our views on André's legacy to our research field and scientific community.

  18. Shedding light on the sea: André Morel's legacy to optical oceanography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoine, David; Babin, Marcel; Berthon, Jean-François; Bricaud, Annick; Gentili, Bernard; Loisel, Hubert; Maritorena, Stéphane; Stramski, Dariusz

    2014-01-01

    André Morel (1933-2012) was a prominent pioneer of modern optical oceanography, enabling significant advances in this field. Through his forward thinking and research over more than 40 years, he made key contributions that this field needed to grow and to reach its current status. This article first summarizes his career and then successively covers different aspects of optical oceanography where he made significant contributions, from fundamental work on optical properties of water and particles to global oceanographic applications using satellite ocean color observations. At the end, we share our views on André's legacy to our research field and scientific community.

  19. Andróginos y ciborgs: monstruos de deconstrucción

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Anguix, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Resumen En nuestro corpus, conformado por obras literarias y cinematográficas, los cuerpos monstruosos del ciborg y del andrógino devienen seres fronterizos que cuestionan los parámetros de sexo, género y deseo. Lo humano es puesto en duda y lo invisible se vuelve visible, abriendo un amplio espectro en la naturaleza. En el presente estudio se examinan las figuras del andrógino y del ciborg a la luz de las teorías de género: por un lado, se estudia el lugar de ambos monstruos en el feminismo...

  20. Violence against women, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Franciele Marabotti Costa; Amorim, Maria Helena Costa; Wehrmeister, Fernando C; Gigante, Denise Petrucci

    2017-04-10

    To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women's family and life history was developed. The statistical analyzes used were Poisson regression, Fisher's exact test and Chi-square. The prevalence we observed were psychological 25.3% (95%CI 22.6-28.2); physical 9.9% (95%CI 8.1-11.9) and sexual 5.7% (95%CI 4.3-7.3). Psychological violence remained associated with education, marital status, maternal history of intimate partner violence, sexual violence in childhood and drug use, while physical assault was related to age, education, marital status and maternal history of intimate partner violence. Sexual violence occurred the most among women with low income, and victims of sexual violence in childhood. Psychological, physical and sexual violence showed highly frequency among women assisted by primary care services. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors, personal experiences, and maternal violence influence the phenomenon. Estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados às violências psicológica, física e sexual nas mulheres vítimas de violência perpetrada pelo parceiro íntimo atendidas nos serviços de atenção primária. Estudo transversal, realizado em 26 unidades de saúde do município de Vitória, no Espírito Santo, de março a setembro de 2014. Foram entrevistadas 991 usuárias de 20 a 59 anos. Para classificar as violências psicológica, física e sexual foi utilizado o instrumento da Organização Mundial de Sa

  1. Biomonitoring of air pollution in a mixed industrial/residential district in the region of Greater Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klumpp, A. [Hohenheim Univ., Stuttgart (Germany). Inst. fuer Landschafts- und Pflanzenoekologie; Silva, M.D. da; Domingos, M. [Instituto de Botanica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secao de Ecologia

    2002-07-01

    During a one year's study, bioindicator plants were used in order to monitor the air quality in a mixed industrial/residential district of the city of Sao Paulo do Campo in the metropolitan region of Greater Sao Paulo, Brazil. The percentage of ozone-induced injuries on tobacco Bel-W3 leaves was low except from the reference site located at the Botanical Garden at Sao Paulo. In exposed rye grass cultures (Lolium multiflorum), relatively high levels of lead and zinc were found particularly at sites influenced by industrial and traffic emissions whereas the foliar nickel concentrations remained low in the whole area. (orig.)

  2. Energy balance of the state of Sao Paulo - 2015: calendar year 2014; Balanco energetico do estado de Sao Paulo - 2015: ano base 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-07-01

    The State Energy Report 2015 prepared by the Secretariat of Energy, is the publication of the State Government that shows the supply and demand of energy used by the state economy, with the corresponding participation of the sectors involved. The energy policy of the State of Sao Paulo's strategic objective of expanding the energy supply from the load centers, energy security and expanding the share of renewable sources in the matrix. In order to achieve these objectives it is essential that count on complete and reliable information on the supply and demand of energy. This information is needed not only to the Secretary of Energy, in the formulation and implementation of state programs, but the municipalities and regions of the state so that they can formulate and present their demands as clearly as possible. It is therefore the production of strategic information to the counties together with the State Government to plan its priorities in energy and services. The publication is essential reading for all who work with energy planning studies, feasibility of innovative technologies, search for energy efficiency and environmental protection. The evolution of the energy matrix of the State of Sao Paulo is one of the Balance sheet highlights, showing a greater share of biomass and natural gas since the mid- 90s . This issue also reports on CO{sub 2} emissions in the state, historical data vintages of the Sao Paulo sugarcane sector and a breakdown of electricity and derived from oil and gas. Thus, the State Energy Balance 2015 becomes an important tool aimed at implementation of public policies relevant to the infrastructure sector. (author)

  3. Demand of radiopharmaceutical Fluoride 18-FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose) in the Sao Paulo State metropolitan area; Demanda do radiofarmaco fluor 18-FDG nas regioes metropolitanas do Estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Renato C.; Zouain, Desiree M. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Diretoria de Planejamento e Inovacao Tecnologica]. E-mail: renato.sato@uol.com.br; dmzouain@ipen.br

    2005-07-01

    This research presents partial results from the development of a Masters Dissertation for the Post-Graduation in Nuclear Technology Program - IPEN/USP, aiming to study the demand of radiopharmaceutical Fluoride 18-FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose) in the Sao Paulo State metropolitan area, as a subsidiary for the establishment of distribution strategy within the State. This study presented the results of a bibliographic review as well as the market evolution for FDG in Sao Paulo. Studies pointed to a tendency of an increase in the international and national nuclear medicine market; while the United States of America participate in 47% of the world profit, South America shares only 2.5% of the global market. This market will tend to grow in 2006 to 2020 up to 776% for diagnosis and 760% for therapy. Partial results are presented in this study from researching medical centers that use PET in the city of Sao Paulo, as well as companies that commercialize the equipment and the manufacturer center. There is an increase of sales for IPEN's Fluoride 18-FDG and its representation on the total radiopharmaceutical profit surpassed 5.3% in 2003 to 8.2% in 2004. The dissemination of this technology in Brazil is lately being discussed especially due to the acquisition price of the equipment as well as the viability of the resources (Fluoride 18- FDG; implementation strategies of regional cyclotron accelerators) and the question of remuneration of the PET produced exams for health care plans and national health care system (SUS). IPEN is developing yet another study to grasp possible demand for this product in the Southern and Southeastern regions, allowing better view of the necessity of the supplement, and in study the implementation of a new cyclotron in the institute dedicated for the production of Fluoride 18-FDG. (author)

  4. Precedentes de la creación del Santo Oficio en el nuevo Reino de Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Lucena Salmoral

    1962-05-01

    Full Text Available La creación del Santo Tribunal de la Inquisición en el Nuevo Reino de Granada ha sido objeto de frecuentes polémicas entre los historiadores colombianos, ya que es un acontecimiento ante el cual difícilmente puede eludirse una posición favorable o detractora.

  5. Sobre carnes y vidas desnudas en Tiempo de Silencio de Luis Martín-Santos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Erika Almenara

    2015-01-01

    .... A partir de la lectura de Tiempo de Silencio de Luis Martín-Santos, el artículo intenta demostrar que el Estado franquista redujo al sujeto y su cuerpo en carne moldeable a partir de la cual dar nacimiento al nuevo sujeto español...

  6. Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu Stable Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1806 to 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Site: Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu, 15S, 167E. 173 year record of d18O and d13C. Variable names: QSR Age, QSR 13C, QSR 18O, GRL Age, GRL Qtrly 13C, GRL Qtrly 18O,...

  7. Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carrión-Paladines, Vinicio; Fries, Andreas; Gomez Muñoz, Beatriz

    2016-01-01

    Fruits of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) are used for essential oil extraction. The extraction process is very efficient, because up to 3% of the fresh fruits can be transformed into essential oil; however, a considerable amount of waste is concurrently produced (>97% of the fresh biomass). Recent...

  8. Laurie R. Santos: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Laurie R. Santos for creative and insightful investigations of cognition across a broad range of species and psychological domains, illuminating cognitive…

  9. El Santo Niño de Atocha: patrimonio y turismo religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Fernández Poncela

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una reflexión sobre el cruce de caminos entre patrimonio cultural y turismo religioso, con el estudio de caso de El Santo Niño de Atocha, Plateros, Fresnillo, Zacatecas, México.

  10. Diagnostic about the use of electric power in Sao Paulo University; Diagnostico sobre o uso da energia eletrica na Universidade de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Lineu B. dos; Galvao, Luiz C.R.; Saidel, Marco A.; Udaeta, Miguel E.M.; Kanayama, Paulo H. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the Energy Conservation Program in the campus of the University of Sao Paulo, named CONSERVUSP. The objectives of the program are to promote the use of energy efficiently within the University; to offer more energetic services without increasing the energy consumption and to promote the creation of research areas that would be able to graduate professionals aware of the importance of the rational use of energy. It will be also created a data bank with information on how energy is being used presently. This will permit the definition of the potentialities for energy conservation in the future. 9 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs

  11. Wind power system for Sao Gabriel, Irece region, Bahia-Brazil; Sistema eolico de Sao Gabriel, regiao de Irece-Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruni, Carlos D' Alexandria [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia (CEFET-BA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: carlosbruni@cefetba.br; Camelier, Luiz Alberto A. [Companhia de Engenharia Rural da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: lcamelier@ig.com.br

    2004-07-01

    An electric power plant supplied by a wind-generator is the solution for supply drink water on a small community on Sao Gabriel, Irece - Bahia -Brazil. On behalf of the feasibility a wind power system is described in detail concerning it's technical specifications, it's operation, constraints and it's energy demand. Furthermore wind power system supply is described in detail. Simulations is shows how the system is designed to guarantee a reliability in pumping of drinking water powered by wind power system and it's expansion in the future. (author)

  12. Consequências cardiovasculares na SAOS Cardiovascular consequences of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Lorenzi Filho

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma condição clínica muito comum é SAOS, que está associada a várias doenças cardiovasculares, incluindo hipertensão arterial sistêmica, fibrilação atrial e aterosclerose. A associação entre SAOS e doença cardiovascular não é somente uma consequência da sobreposição de fatores de risco, incluindo obesidade, sedentarismo, ser do sexo masculino e ter idade maior. Existem evidências crescentes de que SAOS contribui de forma independente para o aparecimento e a progressão de várias doenças cardiovasculares. Os mecanismos pelos quais SAOS pode afetar o sistema cardiovascular são múltiplos e incluem a ativação do sistema nervoso simpático, inflamação sistêmica, resistência a insulina e geração de estresse oxidativo. Existem evidências que o tratamento de SAOS com CPAP pode reduzir a pressão arterial, sinais precoces de aterosclerose, risco de recorrência de fibrilação atrial e mortalidade, principalmente por acidente vascular cerebral e infarto agudo do miocárdio, em pacientes com SAOS grave.Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS is a common condition associated with various cardiovascular diseases, including systemic arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and atherosclerosis. The association between OSAS and cardiovascular disease has been related to the overlapping of risk factors, including obesity, having a sedentary lifestyle, being male, and being older. However, there is mounting evidence that OSAS can also independently contribute to the development and progression of various cardiovascular diseases. The mechanisms by which OSAS can affect the cardiovascular system are multiple, including the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress. There is also evidence that the treatment of OSAS with CPAP can reduce arterial blood pressure, early signs of atherosclerosis, the risk of atrial fibrillation recurrence, and mortality (principally

  13. y religion bautista en San Andrés Isla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Guevara

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda de manera general los nexos de los pastores y la religión bautista con el movimiento autonomista raizal de la isla de San Andrés. El documento brinda un panorama breve sobre la relación del Estado colombiano con el Archipiélago, la cual incluyó la censura a la lengua inglesa y criolla y a la religión protestante. Así, el artículo establece los orígenes de la participación de las iglesias bautistas en las reivindicaciones a favor de la identidad isleña en la resistencia de los pastores y los fieles protestantes ante las políticas integracionistas nacionales que surgían en el marco de la nación monocultural proclamada en la constitución de 1886. Si bien, a partir de la década de 1960 la resistencia raizal se manifestó en diversos movimientos de carácter secular, a finales de la década de 1990 los pastores retomaron el liderazgo en las demandas por la defensa de la identidad isleña mediante un discurso religioso que se entremezcla con lo político tanto en el espacio de la iglesia como en manifestaciones públicas realizadas en la isla. El artículo propone que el papel de los pastores en el movimiento raizal puede ser comprendido, por una parte, mediante la tradición antiesclavista de la religión bautista a lo largo del Caribe anglófono y, por otra, por la influencia de la iglesia en la vida social isleña como un indicador de respetabilidad, lo cual le permite convocar a la comunidad y ampliar el alcance de las demandas autonomistas del movimiento raizal. Finalmente, el documento plantea que el papel de los pastores como mediadores se enmarca dentro de una tradición más amplia de resolución pacífica del conflicto, expresada en el Caribe mediante la polirritmia, la cual permite la coexistencia de diversas tendencias que no se excluyen mutuamente.

  14. Amphibia, Anura, Leptodactylidae, Leptodactylus cupreus Caramaschi, Feio and Sao-Pedro, 2008: Distribution extension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peres, J.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide the first record of Leptodactylus cupreus out of its type locality, as well the first record of this speciesin the State of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. The record of Leptodactylus cupreus from municipality Santa Teresaextends in approximately 220 km to the northeastern of its geographic distribution and establishes the inferior limit of 800m in its altitudinal distribution in the Serra da Mantiqueira.

  15. Theory in Psychology ( Review essay of Andre Kukla, Methods of Theoretical Psychology).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Looren De Jong, H.; Bem, S.; Schouten, M.K.D.

    2004-01-01

    This review essay critically discusses Andre Kukla's Methods of theoretical psychology. It is argued that Kukla mistakenly tries to build his case for theorizing in psychology as a separate discipline on a dubious distinction between theory and observation. He then argues that the demise of

  16. Baltoscandal on lõppenud, uued mõtted on saadud / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teater oli Baltoscandalil koondatud olematu teatri mõiste alla. Andres Noormetsa "Reunioon", Mart Kangro ja Ansambel U "Mäng", Marco Laimre "Vangistus", Asko Künnapi "Säälpool jõge", Anders Härmi "Cooking and Shitting", Sven Kuntu "Miks Eesti mehed ei tantsi?", Linnar Priimäe "Inimese lõhn"

  17. Giving Voice: Narrating silence, history and memory in André Brink ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay examines André Brink's two most recent novels, The Other Side of Silence (2002) and Before I Forget (2004), in terms of their voicing of silence and the rewriting of history and memory. Each has a theme familiar to Brink's readers – an historical story of colonial violence and violation avenged; and the recounting ...

  18. [Rets. rmt. : Glucksmann, Andre. Ouest contre Ouest. Pariis, 2003] / Malle Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Malle

    2004-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi Andre Glucksmanni raamat "Ouest contre Ouest" ehk "Lääs Lääne vastu" käsitleb rahvusvahelisi sündmusi 2002/2003, eelkõige Iraaki, terrorismi, Ameerika Ühendriike ja Prantsusmaad

  19. Kaitseväe korralduse seadus muudab asjaajamise lihtsamaks ja selgemaks / Andres Anvelt ; interv. Liivi Parrest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Andres, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Kaitseväe korralduse seaduse rakendamise projektirühma juht Andres Anvelt selgitab muudatusi 1. jaan 2009 kehtima hakkavas seaduses. Lisatud: § 57. Seaduse rakendamine ; § 37. Kaitseväe volitused kaitseväeluure teostamisel ; § 41. Osalemine julgeolekuasutuste tegevuses ; § 23. Kaitseväe juhtimise alused

  20. Giving Voice: Narrating silence, history and memory in André Brink ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both narrators, though, draw attention to the problems associated with this reconstructive and potentially appropriative storytelling. These texts thereby enact, in a more complex way than many of Brink's previous novels, the intersections of narrative, history and memory. Key Words: André Brink, The Other Side of Silence, ...

  1. Today, Icarus: On the persistence of André Bazin’s myth of total cinema

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joret, B.

    2015-01-01

    By means of an in-depth exegesis of André Bazin’s (1918-1958) film critical work, this study explains the significance of his notion of "myth" in relation to history, technology, and perspective, and examines several references to religious, scientific and poetic frameworks. Throughout his oeuvre,

  2. "Riigikogu hoone 90" = "Estonian parliament building 90" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta näituse kujunduse preemia pälvinud näitusest (Lossiplats 1A). Kujunduse autorid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Mait Väljas. Graafiline disain: Identity. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Mari Kurismaa ning arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Välja arvamused

  3. Abjeção em textos de André Sant’Anna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Salgueirinho

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma leitura de textos do escritor André Sant’Anna a partir da problematização que, em The Return of the Real (1986, o crítico de arte norte-americano Hal Foster faz da noção de abjeto e da dita abject art.

  4. Samoje doverennoje litso gossudarstva / Andres Lipstok ; interv. Areg Arutjunjan, interv. Aleksandr Ikonnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lipstok, Andres, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Panga president Eesti Panga majandusprognoosist lähitulevikuks, võimalikust majanduskriisist, USA kinnisvarakriisi mõjust Eestile, Eesti krooni võimalikust devalveerimisest, Eesti Panga rahapoliitikast, kommertspankades hoitavate hoiuste tagamisest, oma tööst, lemmikautomargist, toidueelistustest, lemmikharrastustest ning edukusest. Lisa: Andres Lipstok

  5. Exploration, Invention and Imagination: The Myth of Icarus in André Bazin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joret, B.; Viegas, S.; Teixeira, M.T.

    2015-01-01

    In this essay, I intend to elucidate the ontological implications of André Bazin’s integral realism: "a recreation of the world in its own image." The connection that he draws between the world and the image is in harmony with his mythical project for cinema, which argues that an imaginative myth

  6. Maramaa elust poksi ja graffitini / Andres Lepik, Ott Aardam ; interv. Gert Kiiler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepik, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Ugala teater alustas 89. hooaega. Esimese poole plaanitud esietendused : Toomas Suumani "Linnapea" Heiki Raudla raamatu "August Maramaa aeg" järgi, lavastaja Andres Lepik. Ott Aardami noortetükist "Poks", lavastaja autor. Gerald Sibleyras' "Grafiti", lavastaja Taago Tubin. Silvia Soro jõulunäidend "Inetu pardipoja" ainetel, lavastaja Oleg Titov

  7. Teised meist : Moskvalased Andres Söödi loomingust : filmiõhtu stenogrammist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1985-01-01

    Andrei Plahhov, Sergei Starodubtsev, Maia Merkel, Larissa Fissunova, Lev Rošal, Sergei Muratov ja Etel Otševerova Andres Söödi dokumentaalfilmidest "Dirigendid" ("Tallinnfilm", 1975), "Jaanipäev" ("Tallinnfilm", 1978), "Reporter" ("Tallinnfilm", 1981), "Mälu" ("Tallinnfilm", 1984)

  8. Andres Herkel : Venemaa esindaja ENPA presidendiks ei sobi / Haldi Ellam, Ravil Khair Al-Din

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ellam, Haldi

    2007-01-01

    Vene ajalehe Kommersant väitel on Eesti parlamendi süüdistused ENPA presidendi Rene van der Lindeni vastu seotud Mihhail Margelovi võimaliku valimisega uueks presidendiks. Kristiina Ojuland ja Andres Herkel lükkavad väite tagasi

  9. Andres Ehin tähistas sünnipäeva raamatuesitlusega / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Andres Ehin esitles oma luulekogu "Põdrapõrnikapääsukene" ja selle ingliskeelset tõlget "Moose Beetle Swallow" oma sünnipäeval Iiri suursaadiku residentsis, kus oli kohal ka luulekogu tõlkija, Iiri luuletaja Patrick Cotter

  10. San Andrés: Cotidianidad turística vs. idealismo desarrollista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ernesto Ramírez

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Pragmatic adaptation and idealistic intervention: An analytical description of development agencies within a context of political clientelism in San Andrés Island Colombia. (Tesis de doctorado en desarrollo. University Madison Wisconsin, 1980 Michael Jack Rosherg. University Microfilm Intemational. Ann Arbor, 1982, 301 págs. 6 ils. 40 cuadros.

  11. André Latarjet (1877-1947). Anatomist and surgeon specialized in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Reverón, Rafael A

    2014-01-01

    André Latarjet (1877-1947), physician and surgeon, outstanding professor of anatomy, made important contributions to the study of human anatomy. He was the disciple and successor of Dr. Leo Testut and continued the diffusion of his work. He was a member of the French Academy of Medicine and President of the International Federation of Sports Medicine.

  12. Arhitekt ja insener Andres Ringo / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2004-01-01

    Andres Ringo elust, tööst, projektidest, tema arvamus tänasest linnaplaneerimisest jm. 1991. a. asutas A. Ringo koos Ell Väärtnõuga Väärtnõu ja Ringo Arhitektuuribüroo. Kommentaar arhitekt Martti Preemilt. 5 ill

  13. Sõnajalad: meilt pole väljamõistetud sentigi / Oleg Sõnajalg, Andres Sõnajalg ; intervjueerinud Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sõnajalg, Oleg

    2009-01-01

    Ettevõtjad Oleg ja Andres Sõnajalg räägivad telekanali TV1 loomisest, selle probleemidest ning müügist, oma firma AS Ämärlärd tegevusest, selle firmaga seotud süüdistustest ning oma teistest tegevustest

  14. Tõnu Anton kahtlustab linnaisasid omakasu jahtimises / Tõnu Anton, Andres Kõiv, Ando Hagel ; interv. Ulis Guth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anton, Tõnu, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Võru linnavolikogu opositsiooni kuuluv keskerakondlane Tõnu Anton kritiseerib sotsiaalabitalituse ruumide remondirahade kasutamist ja kahtlustab linnavalitsust riigihangete käigus raha kõrvaldamises. Linnapea Ando Hagel ja abilinnapea Andres Kõiv lükkavad süüdistused tagasi

  15. SUTD-i koorik = SUTD Gridshell / Andres Sevtšuk, Raul Kalvo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtšuk, Andres, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Singapuri Tehnoloogia ja Disaini Ülikooli (SUTD) raamatukogu paviljon. Eskiis valmis esimese aasta üliõpilastele korraldatud töötoas. Algse ideega töötas edasi City Form Lab (arhitektid Andres Sevtšuk, Raul Kalvo). Paviljon pandi kokku ligi saja üliõpilase osalusel. Valmis: mai 2013

  16. What history tells us III. André Lwoff: From protozoology to molecular ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2005-11-15

    Nov 15, 2005 ... Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 30; Issue 5. What history tells us III. André Lwoff: From protozoology to molecular definition of viruses. Michel Morange. Series Volume 30 Issue 5 December 2005 pp 591-594. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  17. Vallavanemate hinnang aastatele 2008 ja 2009 / Jüri Lillsoo, Kalmer Märtson, Andre Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lillsoo, Jüri, 1943-

    2009-01-01

    Milline oli aasta 2008 Teie valla jaoks, kui silmas pidada kiiret süvenevat majanduslangust? Mida oodata aastast 2009?Küsimustele vastavad Anija vallavanem Jüri Lillsoo, Kuusalu vallavanem Kalmer Märtson ja Raasiku vallavanem Andre Sepp

  18. Pühajärve veekeskus = Pühajärve Spa / Andres Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Projekteerija: Alver Trummal Arhitektid. Autorid Andres Alver, Indrek Rünkla, Ulla Mets, Tarmo Laht, sisekujundaja Helle Neemre, konstruktor Väino Taidur. Projekt 2002, valmis 2003. I ja II korruse plaan, lõige, 2 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  19. Lapsevanemad protestivad KG-s 1. klassi võtmise katsete alusel / Andres Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andres, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Kuressaare Gümnaasiumist välja jäänud 7-aastase poisi vanemad Meeli ja Andres Lauk kutsuvad oma protestiga ühinema kõiki teisi lapsevanemaid, kes peavad õigustamatuks laste kooli võtmist katsete alusel

  20. Perekonnad hoiavad kontrolli tuntud suurfirmade tegevuse üle / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2005-01-01

    Andres Haamer räägib oma perefirma Overall Eesti loomisest. Uniprindi-Unipressi omanikud Sirje ja Andrus Reinsoo hindavad koos oma äri peatrumpideks täielikku usaldust ja teineteisemõistmist. Lisad: Maailma legend: Rockefellerid; Eesti legend: Puhkid

  1. Distribution and origin of hydrocarbons in water and sediment in Sao Sebastiao, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zanardi, Eliete [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto Oceanografico, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Bicego, Marcia Caruso; Miranda, Luiz Bruner de; Weber, Rolf Roland [Miami Univ., RSMAS/NAC, Miami, FL (United States)

    1999-04-01

    This study describes the dissolved/dispersed petroleum hydrocarbons (DDPH) in surface water and the origin and distribution of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in samples from the surface bottom sediments. The main objective was to verify the anthropogenic contribution on the adjacent inner shelf of Sao Sebastiao, taking into account the distribution of hydrographic properties and knowledge of the main circulation. The DDPH concentration range of the 20 samples were from 0.35 to 2.50 {sup m}u{sup g}. L{sup -1}, characterising this region as slightly affected by the contribution of petroleum hydrocarbons. Considering sediment hydrocarbon results, sites located in the inner shelf were divided into three groups: one with mainly biogenic hydrocarbons, a second one with biogenic and petroleum hydrocarbons and a third with significant contribution of petroleum hydrocarbons. These results show an influence of human activities in the Sao Sebastiao Channel on the surrounding areas of the inner shelf. (Author)

  2. Legal protection of the Guarani aquifer in Ribeirao Preto (Sao Paulo State, Brasil); Tutela juridica do Aquifero Guarani em Ribeirao Preto (Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedroso Goulart, M.; Cavalheiro Navajas Sampaio Campos, H.; Nepomuceno, O.

    2012-11-01

    The Guarani aquifer is one of the largest reservoirs of groundwater in the world and represents a strategic reserve for the four countries of South America where it occurs: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. The municipality of Ribeirao Preto, located in the north-east region of Sao Paulo, with a population of over 600,000 inhabitants, is supplied entirely by water from this aquifer. Hydrogeological studies reveal the existence of a large cone of drawdown in the centre of the city due to the intensive and indiscriminate use of water pumped out by wells for decades. In rural areas, where many of the rocky outcrops of the aquifer occur and which affords direct recharge by rain water, the risk of contamination by pesticides is of some concern. Over the years the Public Ministry of Sao Paulo in Ribeirao Preto has provided guidelines for actions and initiatives in environmental protection, especially with regard to the Guarani aquifer. These actions and initiatives are based mainly on the principle of the supremacy of public interest over private interest and the principle of caution. On the basis of these premises the prosecutor works with the government and the private sector to monitor and readmitted environmental liabilities that threaten the aquifer (landfills, diffuse contamination etc.) and to maintain due discipline within the activities that take place within the recharge zone (agriculture, industry and urbanization) including those of regulation and territorial planning. (Author)

  3. Physicochemical characterization of ceramics from Sao Paulo II archaeological site; Caracterizacao fisico-quimica da ceramica do sitio arqueologico Sao Paulo II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Rogerio Baria

    2013-08-01

    Archaeometry is a consolidated field with a wide application of nuclear analytical techniques for the characterization, protection, and restoration of archaeological pieces. This project aimed at studying the elementary chemical composition of 70 ceramic fragments samples from Sao Paulo II archaeological site, located along the Solimoes River channel, next to Coari city, in Brazilian Amazon. The characterization of samples was performed by neutron activation analysis (NAA). By the determination of 24 elements in the ceramic fragments ( Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, K, La, Lu, Na, Nd, Sb, Sm. Rb, Se, Ta, Tb, Th, U, Yb and Zn), it was possible to define groups of samples regarding the similarity/dissimilarity in elementary chemical composition. For such a task, the multivariate statistical methods employed were cluster analysis (C A), principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant analysis (DA). Afterwards, seven ceramic fragments were selected based on the groups previously established, for the characterization of the site temporal horizon. Those ceramic fragments were analyzed by thermoluminescence (TL) and EPR for dating purposes. The firing temperatures were determined by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique, in order to infer about some aspects of the ceramic manufacture employed by the ancient peoples that lived in Sao Paulo 11. By the results obtained in this study, it was possible to identify the quantity of clay sources employed by the ceramists and the age of the ceramic pieces. Therefore, the results of this research may contribute to the study on the occupation dynamics in the pre-colonial Brazilian Amazon. (author)

  4. Aspectos genéticos da SAOS Genetic aspects of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane C. Mesquita Petruco

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A fisiopatologia da SAOS é resultante da interação entre fatores genéticos e ambientais. Os mais importantes fatores de risco são obesidade e idade. Outros fatores relevantes são anormalidades craniofaciais, hipotireoidismo, menopausa e uso de álcool e de sedativos. A hereditariedade tem sido relacionada a SAOS pela a associação de SAOS a níveis de HLA, obesidade, síndromes genéticas, etnias, sonolência excessiva, alteração do controle ventilatório, expressão de mediadores inflamatórios, entre outros. Este capítulo aborda a variabilidade genética e fenotípica da doença, demonstrando sua relevância no entendimento da fisiopatologia e na avaliação clínica de SAOS.The physiopathology of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS results from the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The principal risk factors are obesity and age. Other relevant risk factors are craniofacial abnormalities, hypothyroidism and menopause, as well as the use of alcohol and sedatives. By virtue of its association with factors such as HLA levels, obesity, genetic syndromes, ethnicity, excessive sleepiness, alterations in ventilatory control and expression of inflammatory mediators, OSAS has been related to heritability. This chapter addresses the genetic and phenotypic variability of the disease, showing its relevance in the understanding of the physiopathology and clinical evaluation of OSAS.

  5. The advance of natural gas market using urban information: case study in Sao Paulo City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Massara, V.M.; Faga, M.T.W. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Caetano do Sul, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia], E-mail: vmassara@iee.usp.br

    2007-07-15

    In the decision-making process for the construction and expansion of natural gas infrastructure, different factors must be considered to prioritize areas with high market potential for the given service. The aim of this paper is to propose a systemic model that integrates the understanding of the urban dynamics to the strategies of expansion in the distribution network, taking the advance of natural gas in the city of Sao Paulo (Brazil) as a specific case study. (author)

  6. Atmospheric pollution biomonitoring of the Sao Paulo metropolitan region using epiphytic lichens; Uso de liquens epifiticos no biomonitoramento da poluicao atmosferica da regiao metropolitana de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuga, Alessandra

    2006-07-01

    Due to the increasing problems of atmospheric pollution in the Sao Paulo metropolitan region that affect the environment and human health the application of biomonitoring methodologies using cosmopolite organisms has now become relevant. Biomonitoring is a method to evaluate the response of live organisms to pollution. This method offers advantages such as reduced costs, efficient monitoring of large geographic areas and accumulated pollutants over a large period in which low concentrations of chemicals elements in the environment can be evaluated. In the present study, neutron activation analysis method was applied to determine elements accumulated in Canoparmelia texana lichenized fungi. Samples were collected in two distinct areas: Carlos Botelho (PECB) and Intervales (PEI) State Parks that are considered as non-polluted areas and that belong to the Atlantic Forest - SP ecosystem; and Sao Paulo city metropolitan region in sites near automatic monitoring stations of the Environmental Protection Agency of the State of Sao Paulo (CETESB). The lichens collected from the bark of the trees were properly treated, and irradiated with neutrons from IEA-R1 nuclear reactor along with synthetic standards of elements. The precision and the accuracy of the results were evaluated by the analyses of IAEA-336 LICHEN and Mixed Polish Herbs (INCT -MPH-2) certified reference materials. The results obtained for these materials were in accordance with the certified values and presented good precision with variation coefficients ranging from 0.9 to 14.6%. Results obtained for lichens showed that elements As, Co, Cr, Cs, La, Mo, Sb, Sc, Se and U are present at ng g{sup -1} levels, Ba, Br, Cl, Fe, K, Mn, Na, Rb and Zn at {mu}g g{sup -1} and Ca at mg g{sup -1}. By applying cluster and discriminant analyses to the results for the lichen samples from areas with different levels of pollution, the sampling sites were grouped according to their chemical similarities and their elemental

  7. U, TH and lanthanides in street soils of Sao Paulo city, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ticianelli, R.B.; Ribeiro, A.P.; Figueiredo, A.M.G.; Zanh, G.S., E-mail: ticianelli@ipen.br, E-mail: anamaria@ipen.br, E-mail: gzahn@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The study of lanthanide distribution in urban environments has become of interest over the last years, due to the increased industrial use of these elements. Sao Paulo is the 6th largest metropolitan region of the world, with about 20 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, more than 9 million motor vehicles and intense industrial activity. There is little information on U, Th, and lanthanide contents in urban soils, and there are as of yet no reference values for these elements in soils of Sao Paulo city. The present study aimed to determine U, Th and lanthanide concentrations in soils adjacent to avenues of highly dense traffic downtown in Sao Paulo city, to assess their possible sources and potential environmental impacts. The analytical technique employed was Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Th and U levels ranged from 4.0 to 37.0 mg kg{sup -1} and from 1.6 to 18.7 mg kg{sup -1}, respectively. These values are higher than literature values for U and Th in Brazilian superficial soils. The results obtained for the lanthanides indicate enrichment in La and Ce. However, a possible anthropogenic source should be investigated since high background values of these elements may be associated to the natural geological composition of the soils. (author)

  8. Montage, Militancy, Metaphysics: Chris Marker and André Bazin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Cooper

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Abstract (E: This article focuses on the relationship between the work of André Bazin and Chris Marker from the late 1940s through to the late 1950s and beyond. The division between Bazin's ŘRight Bankř affiliation with Les Cahiers du Cinéma on the one hand, and Markerřs ŘLeft Bankř allegiances on the other, is called into question here as my argument seeks to muddy the waters of their conventional ideological separation across the river Seine. Working alliteratively through Markerřs well-known talent for deft montage along with his militancy, I consider Bazinřs praise for Markerřs editing technique Ŕ in spite of famously expressing a preference elsewhere for the long take, and deep focus cinematography Ŕ and I address their political differences and convergences. Yet I also explore the rather more unexpected question of metaphysics in order to further emphasize a closer relationship between these two figures. I chart the emergence of an enduring spiritual bond between critic and filmmaker that surfaces first in Markerřs writings for the left-wing Catholic journal L’EspritResultados preliminares sobre os teores de detergentes aniônicos na baía e estuário de Santos Preliminary results on anionic detergent contents in the bay and estuary of Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Valin da Silveira

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Os maiores níveis de detergentes foram obtidos no interior do Canal de Santos, em frente ao Canal 6 e na região do difusor do emissário submarino de esgostos de Santos. Há, assim, três fontes principais de detergentes para a região: a o complexo industrial de Cubatao - Sistema Billings; b a cidade de Santos (ligações clandestinas de esgotos, e c o emissário submarino. Os níveis de detergentes obtidos variaram de 0,11 a 0,97 ppm ABS.The highest level of detergents was obtained in the interior of the Santos Channely in front of Channel 6 and also in the vicinity of the Santos ocean outfall diffusor. There are thus three principal soucers of detergents in this region: a. the Cubatão industrial complex, and the Billings reservoir; b. the city of Santos (unauthorized sewage connections; c. the ocean outfall. Detergent levels obtained vary between 0.11 and 0.97 ppm ABS.

  9. Evaluation of the natural radioactivity at sands of anomalous regions of Espirito Santo state, Brazil; Avaliacao da radioatividade natural em areias de regioes anomalas do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquino, Reginaldo Ribeiro de; Pecequilo, Brigitte Roxana Soreanu, E-mail: raquino@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-10-26

    The natural radioactivity in sands of anomalous regions of the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, were calculated from the concentration of activity of {sup 40}K, {sup 225}Ra and {sup 232}Th for the places of south and central of Camburi, Curva da Jurema, Ilha do Boi, Setibinha, south and central area of Praia da Areia Preta, denominated Black Spot. The samples were sealed and measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry and after a expectation time pf 30 days, until to reach a radioactive equilibrium

  10. Macroalgas submareales de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México Submareal macroalgae of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Aguilar-Rosas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de identificar y caracterizar la composición de especies de la zona submareal de la bahía de Todos Santos, Baja California, México; se realizaron muestreos de macroalgas marinas bentónicas en 7 sitios durante 1995-2000. Como resultado de 25 buceos Scuba entre 3 y 33 m de profundidad se encontraron 150 especies de macroalgas para el área de estudio; 10 son Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta y 114 Rhodophyta. Del total, 47 son registros nuevos para el área de estudio y 2 de éstos, Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell y Minium parvum R.L. Moe, son nuevos para la flora marina del Pacífico de México. Se incluye una revisión de las investigaciones en las que se han considerado las macroalgas presentes en la bahía de Todos Santos y una discusión sobre la composición de las especies encontradas, su distribución vertical y reproducción, así como sobre las especies epífitas y parásitas del área.In order to identify and characterize the species composition of the subtidal zone of the Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, Mexico, benthic marine macroalgae were sampled at 7 sites from 1995 to 2000. As a result of 25 scuba at derds for the study area, of which Faucheocolax attenuata Setchell and R.L Moe Minium parvum are new to the marine flora of Pacific Mexico. We include a research that consider the macroalpths between 3 and 33 m we found a total of 150 species of macroalgae for the study area, of which 10 are Chlorophyta, 26 Phaeophyta and 114 Rhodophyta; 47 species represent new recogae in the Todos Santos Bay and a discussion on the composition of species found, its vertical distribution and reproduction, particularly the species epiphytes and parasites present in the study area.

  11. Pahede koht on ajaloo prügikastis! Kas ikka on? / Andres Maimik, Maris Jesse ; intervjueerinud Sigrid Kõiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves tegi ettepaneku, et arstid võiksid inimesi innustada isikliku eeskujuga ja viia ennast tervislikku vormi. Filmimees Andres Maimik ja terviseedendaja Maris Jesse arutavad, kas on võimalik pahelisi eluviise välja juurida

  12. Ületades piire = Crossing the Bordes / Anders Härm, Tarmo Maiste ; interv. Andres Kurg, Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Intervjuu Veneetsia 7. arhitektuuribiennaali Eesti ekspositsiooni "Simulacrum City" autorite Anders Härmi ja Tarmo Maistega. Eesti väljapanekust (arhitektuurifotod - Arne Maasik; filmi, stsenaarium ja kontseptsioon - Andres Maimik, Jaak Kilmi, muusika - Taavi Laatsit), biennaalist. 13 ill

  13. Sobre carnes y vidas desnudas en Tiempo de Silencio de Luis Martín-Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Almenara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Bajo el contexto del franquismo, este ensayo analiza la des-subjetivización del sujeto español que dicho periodo se propuso efectuar. A partir de la lectura de Tiempo de Silencio de Luis Martín-Santos, el artículo intenta demostrar que el Estado franquista redujo al sujeto y su cuerpo en carne moldeable a partir de la cual dar nacimiento al nuevo sujeto español. Under the context of the historical period known as “franquismo español,” this essay analizes the desubjectification of the Spanish subject. Through an examination of the novel Tiempo de silencio by Luis Martín-Santos, this essay demonstrates that the Franquista State, reduced the subject and its body in maleable and collective flesh to allow the emergence of the new Spanish subject.

  14. Libros prohibidos: la inquisicion contra la obra del clerigo ilustrado Francisco Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Zozaya-Montes, Leonor

    2013-01-01

    Francisco Santos fue un clérigo procesado inquisitorialmente por poner en duda cuestiones de dogma en España. Editó un libro en 1753 en Barcelona, donde se declaraba discípulo de Feijoo. El mismo año pretendió llevar otro ejemplar más polémico a la imprenta, pero su obra fue censurada y él castigado duramente por el tribunal del Santo Oficio, de cuyas cárceles huyó más tarde. Estas páginas analizan noticias novedosas relativas a su vida y su obra, ofreciendo además reflexiones al respecto...

  15. La Platica de Fray Domingo de Santo Tomás (1560

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La Platica adressée à tous les Indiens et la formule de la Confession Générale sont les deux seuls témoignages du prêche prétridentin en quechua qui survivent jusqu'à nos jours et ceci grâce à leur incorporation comme échantillons de la langue générale dans la grammaire et le Lexicon composés par Domingo de Santo Tomás et publiés à Valladolid en 1560. Dans cet article, nous étudions la variante de la Langue Générale, véhicule de la Platica, et le lexique religieux élaboré par les premiers missionnaires afin d'expliquer la foi chrétienne aux Indiens. La version normalisée du texte quechua est suivie d’une traduction française annotée. Des annexes reproduisent le texte quechua original avec les gloses espagnoles établies par Santo Tomás, le document espagnol qui a servi de modèle à l'élaboration du texte quechua et la transcription de la Confession Générale, sa reformulation en quechua normalisé et sa traduction française. LA PLATICA DE FRAY DOMINGO DE SANTO TOMÁS (1560 La Platica para todos los Indios y la fórmula de la confesión general son los únicos dos testimonios de la prédica pretridentina en quechua que se han conservado hasta el día de hoy y ello debido a su incorporación como muestras de la lengua general en la gramática y lexicón compuestos por Domingo de Santo Tomás y publicados en Valladolid en 1560. En este artículo estudiamos la variante de la lengua general utilizada en la Platica y el léxico religioso elaborado por los primeros misioneros para explicar la fe cristiana a los indios. Una traducción francesa comentada sigue a la versión normalizada del texto quechua. Los anexos reproducen el texto quechua original con las glosas castellanas establecidas por Santo Tomás, el documento en castellano que sirvió de modelo para la elaboración del texto quechua y la transcripción de la confesión general, sa reformulación en quechua normalizado y su traducción al francés. THE PLATICA

  16. Scenario of distributed energetic resources in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil; O cenario dos recursos energeticos distribuidos no estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burani, Geraldo Francisco; Udaeta, Miguel Edgar Morales; Fujii, Ricardo Junqueira; Galvao, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia], e-mail: udaeta@pea.usp.br

    2004-07-01

    This paper aims to assess the viability of the use of distributed resources for power production inside the state of Sao Paulo, taking into account its different forms, advantages and drawbacks. To accomplish the assessment and using de integrated energy resources planning, the full cost accounting for energy resources was applied to each administrative region of the state, which allowed a greater focus without jeopardizing the final results. The analysis were performed considering the usage of the most prospective energy sources such as wind, solar, natural gas, hydro and biomass generation; the results show that when the different aspects of each type of distributed generation are taken into account the renewable forms of energy generation are likely to be more competitive, when compared to traditional forms of generation. (author)

  17. Santo Tomás y los demás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rincón

    1988-10-01

    Full Text Available La filosofia del medioevo. VIII Coloquio de la Sociedad Colombiana de Filosofia. J.A. Díaz, J.P. Margot, A.L. Gómez, E. Lákatos, A. Cárdenas, G. Soto, D. Herrera, A. Papacchini, J. Zabalza. Biblioteca Colombiana de Filosofía, Universidad de Santo Tomás, Bogotá, 1987, 138 págs.

  18. La vida de Santo Domingo de Silos: onirocrítica y semántica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González, Javier Roberto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available We study the prophetic vision of Santo Domingo de Silos in Gonzalo de Berceo’s Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos, with the aim of: a analysing the text according to categories of prophecy, vision and dream in medieval christian culture; b analysing the configuration of oniric images as an allegorical discourse; c given the limits of allegorical semantics, interpreting those symbolic images characterized by prophetical obscuritas in the light of Grimaldus’ Vita Beati Dominici, source of Berceo’s Vida, and also in the light of medieval tradition of Other World visions and general chromatic an arithmetical symbolism, in order to establish semantic innovations and the proper meanning of Berceo’s text.Estudiamos la visión profética de Santo Domingo de Silos en la Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos de Gonzalo de Berceo, con el objeto de: a analizar el texto según las categorías de profecía, visión y sueño vigentes en la cultura cristiana medieval; b analizar la configuración de las imágenes oníricas como discurso alegórico; c dados los límites de la semántica alegórica, interpretar aquellas imágenes simbólicas caracterizadas por la obscuritas profética a la luz de la Vita Beati Dominici de Grimaldo, fuente de la Vida de Berceo, y también a la luz de la tradición medieval de las visiones de trasmundo y del simbolismo general cromático y aritmético, en orden al establecimiento de las innovaciones semánticas y con ellas del recto sentido del texto de Berceo.

  19. A new species of Echium (Boraginaceae from the island of Porto Santo (Madeira Archipelago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jardim, Roberto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species endemic from the island of Porto Santo (Madeira Archipelago is described as Echium portosanctensis J.A. Carvalho, Pontes, Batista-Marques & R. Jardim. Morphological studies based on reproductive and vegetative traits revealed a set of diagnostic characters confirming separation of E. portosanctensis from other recognized species at sectional level. A taxonomic diagnosis, a morphological description and illustrations of the new species are provided. Images, distribution maps, ecological data and a key for Madeiran species of Echium are also provided. Diagnostic characters, conservation status, threats and speciation mechanisms are discussed. In addition, reports on the occurrence of E. candicans on the island of Porto Santo are also discussed.Echium portosanctensis J.A. Carvalho, Pontes, Batista-Marques & R. Jardim se describe para la isla de Porto Santo (Achipiélago de Madeira. Estudios morfológicos basados en datos reproductivos y vegetativos revelan una serie de caracteres diagnósticos que confirman la separación de E. portosanctensis de otras especies de su sección. Se aportan una diagnosis taxonómica, una descripción morfológica e ilustraciones para esta nueva especie. Se presentan imágenes, mapas de distribución, datos ecológicos y una clave para las especies de Madeira. Se discuten los caracteres diagnósticos, el estado de conservación, amenazas, y los mecanismos de especiación. También se discuten datos previos sobre la presencia de E. candicans en la isla de Porto Santo.

  1. Acceptance of Santo Giorno cheese typical of the Southwestern region of Paraná, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Edimir Andrade; Roncatti, Roberta; Todescatto, Carla; Beux, Simone; Marchi,João Francisco; Daltoé, Marina Leite Mitterer

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Santo Giorno cheese, obtained from raw milk and selected autochthonous starters, is emerging as the newest typical food product from the Southwestern region of Paraná, Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of the cheese with two ripening times of 60 and 180 days, produced in two dairy factories, testing two starters and two preservatives. Subjective sensory evaluation was applied using 129 consumers and hedonic scales for the attributes and for purchasin...

  2. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by The State School Santo Dias da Silva

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The State School Santo Dias da Silva receives students from the Fundamental and High-School cycles of the city of São Paulo, in the Interlagos Region, South Zone of the city. It counts with 500 students of the High-School cycle and 800 of the Fundamental cycle. The Virtual Visit to the ATLAS/CERN experiment is an excelent opportunity to motivate the students in the learning of science.

  3. Geology and geochronology of Cardoso Island, in the southeastern coast of Sao Paulo State; Geologia e geocronologia da Ilha de Cardoso, sudeste do Estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, Werner

    1998-07-01

    This aim of work is the geological and geochronological study of rocks cropping out on Cardoso Island, on the southeastern coast of Sao Paulo States, close to be boundary with Parana State. The Island with an area of about 151 km{sup 2} is a protected area administered by the Forest Institute of Environment Secretariat of the State of Sao Paulo. It is mountanious, with a peak at 814 m, and is covered by dense Mata Atlantica vegetation. The terrains which compose the island are mainly an igneous complex with light grey leucocratic, inequigranular, medium - to coarse-grained syenites. The predominant Tres Irmaos Syenite (STI), composed of pyroxene, hornblende, and perthitic to mesoperthitic microcline, has a magmatic flow structures, and is cut by the Cambriu alkali-feldspar Granites (GC), which is pinkish grey, leucocratic and medium-grained. Geochemical analysis of STI and GC demonstrate their meta luminous alkaline nature and late-orogenic to an orogenic character. The geochronological results suggest that the bodies were formed between 620 and 570 My according to the U-Pb method in zircons, with cooling between 597 and 531 My (K-Ar in amphiboles). Whole rock Sm-Nd analysis yield T{sub DM} ages in the Meso and Paleoproterozoic (1.200 - 2.200 My). belt of low grade meta sedimentary rocks occurs in the northern part of the island. Quartz schist, quartz-mica schist and mica-quartz schist, often containing andaluzite and cordierite, predominate. The geochemical and geochronological data suggest that the sources of the metasediments were andesites of continental arc whose protolities separated from the mantle during the Paleoproterozoic, between 1.800 and 2.200 My. These metasediments probably continue on the continent in the Taquari region and extend southwards in narrow strips between the granitoids of the Paranagua Domain. Although quaternary deposits are expressive, they were not studied in details since they were not the objectives of this study. (author)

  4. A Coligação Operária de Santos quebrou a pasmaceira Workers’ Colligation of Santos ceased the apathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dainis Karepovs

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Examina-se o surgimento e a ação da Coligação Operária de Santos nas eleições municipais de 29 de novembro de 1925. A Coligação Operária, que atuou até 1930, foi a primeira organização eleitoral criada pelo Partido Comunista do Brasil (PCB e que encontrou muitas resistências na forte cultura abstencionista que impregnava os trabalhadores brasileiros. Formada com base em sindicatos influenciados pelos comunistas, a Coligação Operária foi um dos passos iniciais ensaiados pelos trabalhadores brasileiros em sua inserção na cena político-partidária brasileira.This text discusses the emerging and the action of the Workers’ Colligation of Santos during municipal elections that took place in November, 29, 1925. The Workers’ Colligation, which acted until 1930, was the first electoral organization created by the Communist Party of Brazil (PCB, in Portuguese which had many difficulties because of the resistant abstentionist culture of Brazilian working class. The Workers’ Colligation, whose foundation was based in labour unions, influenced by communists, was one of the initial steps towards Brazilian workers insertion into the political scene in Brazil.

  5. Uma Aproximação Entre Boaventura Santos e Milton Santos: Por Um Outro Olhar a Produção do Organizar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketlle Duarte Paes

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio faz parte de um conjunto de estudos que discutem o uso de abordagens influenciadas pelo pensamento único, fundamentadas no paradigma funcionalista, como lentes para compreender práticas sociais atravessadas por múltiplas racionalidades. Neste ensaio partimos dessa preocupação, buscando marcos teóricos não ortodoxos em Estudos Organizacionais. Para tanto nos propomos esboçar um diálogo entre as abordagens teóricas propostas por Boaventura Santos e Milton Santos. Isso com o objetivo de demonstrar pontos de contato entre os autores, de modo a contribuir para as discussões em Estudos Organizacionais que buscam outras lentes de análise. A partir daí se pode inferir que os autores em análise possuem pontos de contato em suas abordagens e que a inclusão de referenciais teóricos heterodoxos em Estudos Organizacionais pode abrir espaço para reconhecer o novo, o que está em construção, e o que ainda não é.

  6. Evidences of uplands during the Campanian time, Espirito Santo Basin; Evidencias de terras altas no Campaniano da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maizatto, Jose Ricardo; Lana, Cecilia Cunha; Ribeiro, Andrea Wallau Souto; Ferreira, Elizabete Pedrao [PETROBRAS S.A. (CENPES/PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas e Desenvolvimento Leopoldo A. Miguez de Mello. P e D.], Emails: maizatto@petrobras.com.br, lana@petrobras.com.br, andreawsr@petrobras.com.br, elizabete@petrobras.com.br

    2008-11-15

    The palynological analysis carried out in four wells in the Espirito Santo Basin has revealed an expressive abundance of Callialasporites sp. cf. Perotrilites sp. sensu Herngreen (1975) pollen grains, during the Campanian-Maastrichtian interval and, especially, in the middle Campanian. The high abundance of this species was related to the paleoflora adaptation to the favorable paleoecological conditions. The Callialasporites genus belongs to the Podocarpaceae family (gymnosperm), which, nowadays, occurs mainly in upland areas. Therefore, it is possible to relate the high abundance of this species to the development of podocarpacean paleoflora in uplands during the middle Campanian. The apatite fission tracks analysis (AFTA) data was developed in the project entitled 'Tectonic Evolution and Thermal History of the Southeast Brazilian and West African Margins' (UFRGS/UNICAMP/PETROBRAS). According to AFTA data of the Espirito Santo state coastal region, an important tectonic event occurred, causing an uplift process with a posterior denudation of the area during the Campanian (80 Ma). This data correlates with the proposed palynological interpretation to explain the abundance of Callialasporites sp. cf. Perotrilites sp. sensu Herngreen (1975). This event would be associated with the creation of uplands that favored the development of podocarpacean paleoflora adapted to mountainous paleoecological conditions. (author)

  7. Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Criste Massariol

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Conservation of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera in Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Ephemeroptera exhibits great diversity among bodies of freshwater in the Atlantic Forest, a biome that is suffering from massive human impact. Within this context, the creation of conservation units using biological information is more recommended than economic, cultural, or political criteria. The distribution pattern of 76 Ephemeroptera species was analyzed using the biogeographical methods Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and Network Analysis Method in order to infer relevant areas for conservation of the mayfly community in Espírito Santo. The results obtained from both analyses were largely congruent, and pointed out four relevant areas for conservation: two in the south of the state, where conservation units or priority areas for conservation are well established; and two in the north, a region in the state where little conservation efforts have been historically done. Therefore, based on our analyses on mayflies, we recommend the expansion of the existing APCs or the creation of new APCs on the north of Espírito Santo.

  8. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo volta-se para os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígenafeita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentescontextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Parto dopressuposto, afirmado nos próprios hinos da doutrina, de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professore que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado eapreendido. Metodologicamente, resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo.Têm como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do SantoDaime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspirasenos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos deBoaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor.Dentre os principais saberes do daime destaco: saberes ecológicos-ambientais, cognitivos, estéticos,medicinais, e para a paz.

  9. RELIGIÃO E EDUCAÇÃO: OS SABERES DA AYAHUASCA NO SANTO DAIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia Barbosa Albuquerque

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os saberes da ayahuasca, beberagem de origem indígena feita da combinação de um cipó e as folhas de um arbusto da Amazônia, utilizada em diferentes contextos culturais como é o caso da religião brasileira conhecida como Santo Daime. Metodologicamente, o artigo resulta de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo. Tem como fontes a bibliografia sobre as religiões ayahuasqueiras, os cadernos de hinos do Santo Daime e a realização de entrevistas com daimistas do Brasil e outros países. Teoricamente, inspira-se nos estudos de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca da educação como cultura e nos escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringindo este texto à noção de “ecologia de saberes” deste autor. Parto do pressuposto de que o daime (ayahuasca é um professor e que na religião vivencia-se um processo educativo no qual um conjunto de saberes é circulado e apreendido. Dentre os principais saberes do

  10. Saberes da ayahuasca e processos educativos na religião do Santo Daime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia B. Albuquerque

    2012-01-01

    contextos culturales, como en la religión brasileña conocida como Santo Daime. Supongo, por lo que se afirma en los propios himnos de la doctrina, que el Daime (ayahuasca es un profesor y que en la religión se experimenta un proceso educativo donde un conjunto de saberes es distribuido y aprehendido. Metodológicamente, resulta de una búsqueda bibliográfica, documental y de campo. Tiene como fuentes la bibliografía sobre religiones ayahuasqueras, los libros de himnos del Santo Daime y la realización de entrevistas con participantes (daimistas de Brasil y otros países. Teóricamente se inspira en los estudios de Carlos Rodrigues Brandão acerca de la educación como cultura y los escritos de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, restringiendo este texto a la noción de saberes ecológicos y ambientales del autor. Entre los principales saberes del daime resalto: los saberes ecológicos y ambientales, cognitivos, estéticos, medicinales y para la paz.

  11. O ofício à Rainha Santa Isabel, de André de Resende

    OpenAIRE

    Toipa, Helena Costa

    2011-01-01

    Com o desenvolvimento do culto oficial da Rainha Santa Isabel (então, apenas beata), no século XVI, em Coimbra, o humanista André de Resende compôs e fez imprimir um ofício divino, para substituição de um outro, menos elaborado, utilizado pelas freiras do Mosteiro de Santa Claraa-Velha. Esse ofício consta dos autos do processo instaurado conducente à canonização da Rainha, no início do século XVII. Para a sua composição, no que diz respeito à componente das Lectiones, André de Resende inspiro...

  12. Europan 7 Eestis : Lasnamäe. Pärnu / Tiit Trummal, Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trummal, Tiit, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Võistluse "Äärelinna võimalus, linnalik intensiivsus ja elamise mitmekesisus" Eesti-Rootsi ühisžüriis Eestist Urmas Muru, Tiit Trummal, Andres Kurg. Tallinna Lasnamäe (14 tööd) ja Pärnu (47 tööd) võistlusalast, võitnud tööde arhitektide loetelu ja võitnud töödest. Lasnamäe: I preemia - autor hispaanlane Andres Fernandes Atela, kaasautorid prantslased Mathieu Andrieu ja Iman Morshedi. Pärnu: I preemia - autorid rumeenlane Oana-Maria Bogdan, ameeriklane Susan Kelly Shannon, argentiinlane Laura Vescina, hispaanlased Juny Llach ja Parra Colacios

  13. Lean versus Quick Response Manufacturing og andre koncepter - er Lean den eneste ene?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Aage U

    2005-01-01

    principper fra andre koncepter? Artiklen er opdelt i fire hovedafsnit. I første afsnit skitseres baggrunden for Lean. I andet afsnit skitseres kort indholdet i Lean. I tredje afsnit skitseres tankegangen bag Quick Response Manufacturing - et begreb, der har mange ligheder med Lean, men som har fokus på......Begrebet Lean har gennem de senere år vundet en enorm udbredelse. Antallet af publikationer om Lean har været eksplosivt stigende, og mange virksomheder har gennemført eller gennemfører Lean-projekter. Er Lean et nyt koncept? Er Lean den eneste løsning? Kan Lean kombineres med tankegange og...... løsning af en anden produktionsopgave. I fjerde afsnit skitseres kort relationerne mellem Lean og to andre begreber, Six Sigma og TPM, der begge har samme mål som Lean, men forskellige udgangspunkter og forskellige indfaldsvinkler....

  14. Sao Paulo Lightning Mapping Array (SP-LMA): Deployment and Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, J. C.; Carey, L. D.; Blakeslee, R. J.; Albrecht, R.; Morales, C. A.; Pinto, O., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    An 8-10 station Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) network is being deployed in the vicinity of Sao Paulo to create the SP-LMA for total lightning measurements in association with the international CHUVA [Cloud processes of tHe main precipitation systems in Brazil: A contribUtion to cloud resolVing modeling and to the GPM (GlobAl Precipitation Measurement)] field campaign. Besides supporting CHUVA science/mission objectives and the Sao Luz Paraitinga intensive operation period (IOP) in December 2011-January 2012, the SP-LMA will support the generation of unique proxy data for the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) and Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), both sensors on the NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R), presently under development and scheduled for a 2015 launch. The proxy data will be used to develop and validate operational algorithms so that they will be ready for use on "day1" following the launch of GOES-R. A preliminary survey of potential sites in the vicinity of Sao Paulo was conducted in December 2009 and January 2010, followed up by a detailed survey in July 2010, with initial network deployment scheduled for October 2010. However, due to a delay in the Sa Luz Paraitinga IOP, the SP-LMA will now be installed in July 2011 and operated for one year. Spacing between stations is on the order of 15-30 km, with the network "diameter" being on the order of 30-40 km, which provides good 3-D lightning mapping 150 km from the network center. Optionally, 1-3 additional stations may be deployed in the vicinity of Sa Jos dos Campos.

  15. Airport Choice in Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area: An Application of the Conditional Logit Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Marcelo Baena; Muller, Carlos

    2003-01-01

    Using the conditional LOGIT model, this paper addresses the airport choice in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area. In this region, Guarulhos International Airport (GRU) and Congonhas Airport (CGH) compete for passengers flying to several domestic destinations. The airport choice is believed to be a result of the tradeoff passengers perform considering airport access characteristics, airline level of service characteristics and passenger experience with the analyzed airports. It was found that access time to the airports better explain the airport choice than access distance, whereas direct flight frequencies gives better explanation to the airport choice than the indirect (connections and stops) and total (direct plus indirect) flight frequencies. Out of 15 tested variables, passenger experience with the analyzed airports was the variable that best explained the airport choice in the region. Model specifications considering 1, 2 or 3 variables were tested. The model specification most adjusted to the observed data considered access time, direct flight frequencies in the travel period (morning or afternoon peak) and passenger experience with the analyzed airports. The influence of these variables was therefore analyzed across market segments according to departure airport and flight duration criteria. The choice of GRU (located neighboring Sao Paulo city) is not well explained by the rationality of access time economy and the increase of the supply of direct flight frequencies, while the choice of CGH (located inside Sao Paulo city) is. Access time was found to be more important to passengers flying shorter distances while direct flight frequencies in the travel period were more significant to those flying longer distances. Keywords: Airport choice, Multiple airport region, Conditional LOGIT model, Access time, Flight frequencies, Passenger experience with the analyzed airports, Transportation planning

  16. Séminaire de probabilités XXXIX in memoriam Paul-André Meyer

    CERN Document Server

    Yor, Marc

    2006-01-01

    The 39th volume of Séminaire de Probabilités is a tribute to the memory of Paul André Meyer. His life and achievements are recalled; homages are rendered by his friends and colleagues. This volume also contains mathematical contributions to classical and quantum stochastic calculus, the theory of processes, martingales and their applications to mathematical finance, Brownian motion. They provide an overview on the current trends of stochastic calculus.

  17. Redescription and biological aspects of Hormathia alba (Andres, 1881), a luminescent sea anemone (Anthozoa, Actiniaria)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tur, J. M.

    1993-06-01

    The sea anemone Hormathia alba (Andres, 1881) is redescribed and definitely established as distinct from H. coronata. Synonymy, external morphology, anatomy and cnidom are treated in detail. Aspects of its reproduction, ecology, distribution and distinctive characteristics are also reported. The species, largely mistaken throughout literature, is rather common on Mediterranean infralittoral soft bottoms. It has also been found in the SW of Ireland. This is the only known sea anemone with luminescence, a feature that has never been reported before.

  18. Andrés Laguna: a great medical humanist (1499-1559).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kousoulis, Antonis A; Karamanou, Marianna; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Andrés Laguna, a Spanish humanist physician of the 16th century, occupies an important position in the history of medicine. An illustrious and brilliant mind, pioneer of anatomy and urology, Laguna proved to be a true pacifist and humanitarian with his knowledge standards and his political eloquence. He deserves to be remembered today as the perfect example of the Renaissance men, a true Homo Universalis.

  19. Andrés Laguna in Papal Rome: the documents of the Mozoncillo ecclesiastical benefice

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson Novoa, James W.

    2012-01-01

    The article renders public and presents the archival documents, hitherto unpublished, regarding an ecclesiastical benefice in the town of Mozoncillo, which Andrés Laguna obtained in 1548. Through the said benefice, obtained, very likely, through the intervention of an important Spanish prelate, Laguna strove to obtain influence and legitimacy for himself and his family in his hometown and contribute to the eradication of the "stain" of his family's converso origins. The documents attest to an...

  20. The interior capture of life. Le Corbusier and André Malraux

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Sofía Pereira da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Le Corbusier and André Malraux, two important characters from the cultural scene of the 20th century, were contemporaneous. Their thoughts are built  by unlinking from from chronological and local points of view. The  resemblance found in several manifestations during their lives show the  existent affinity between these two authors, contributing to a more sharp  definition of modernism, associated, partially, to their tight relationships to plastic arts. Writings from both au...

  1. [Medical mission of Louis-André Gosse during his trip to Greece (1827-1829)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouvier-Bron, M

    1991-01-01

    Louis-André Gosse (1791-1873), a liberal-minded Geneva physician, went to Greece in 1827 in order to work, for a couple of years, for the Greek State, which had won its independence just a few years ago. When, in 1828, an Egyptian army brought plague back to Greece, Gosse took an active part in the fight against the epidemic. The present author gives a detailed account of Gosse's relation of his experience including treatment and preventive measures.

  2. Immunization with Streptococcus suis bacterin plus recombinant Sao protein in sows conveys passive immunity to their piglets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsueh, Kai-Jen; Cheng, Li-Ting; Lee, Jai-Wei; Chung, Yao-Chi; Chung, Wen-Bin; Chu, Chun-Yen

    2017-01-07

    Streptococcus suis (S. suis) causes arthritis, meningitis, septicemia, and sudden death in pigs and is also an zoonotic agent for humans. The present study demonstrated that immunization with recombinant Sao-L (surface antigen one-L, rSao-L) protein from a strain of S. suis serotype 2 in pigs was able to increase cross-serotype protection against S. suis serotype 1 and 2 challenge. Since weaning piglets are more susceptible to S. suis infections due to the stresses associated with weaning, prepartum immunization in sows may convey passive immunity to piglets and provide protection. Pregnant sows were immunized with a vaccine containing inactivated S. suis serotype 2 plus rSao as the antigens. Blood samples were collected from their piglets after birth for analysis of antigen-specific antibody titers and levels of various cytokines. Results demonstrated that the titers of S. suis and rSao-specific antibodies were significantly (p immunizing pregnant sows with the vaccine containing inactivated S. suis bacterin plus rSao as the antigens is able to enhance passive immunity against heterologous and homologous S. suis challenge in their piglets.

  3. Anthropic contribution on pollution in hydroelectric reservoirs: the case of Sao Simao's hydroelectric power plant - GO/MG, Brazil; Contribuicao antropica na poluicao de reservatorios hidreletricos: o caso da Usina Hidreletrica de Sao Simao - GO/MG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fonseca, Gizele Araujo Borba da

    2010-02-15

    This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of anthropogenic pollution in hydroelectric reservoirs through a case study of the Sao Simao Hydropower. The literature relates the problem of eutrophication with the addition of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) in excess, resulting in water pollution. Through data for both tributary rivers and the reservoir, it was found that the Sao Simao dam presents a framework for eutrophication. We made an analysis to see which tributary rivers were the main sources of nutrients released into the waters of the reservoir and a survey of possible human activities that are contributing to the intake of nutrients in these tributaries. (author)

  4. An Einstein Observatory SAO-based catalog of B-type stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grillo, F.; Sciortino, S.; Micela, G.; Vaiana, G. S.; Harnden, F. R., Jr.

    1992-01-01

    About 4000 X-ray images obtained with the Einstein Observatory are used to measure the 0.16-4.0 keV emission from 1545 B-type SAO stars falling in the about 10 percent of the sky surveyed with the IPC. Seventy-four detected X-ray sources with B-type stars are identified, and it is estimated that no more than 15 can be misidentified. Upper limits to the X-ray emission of the remaining stars are presented. In addition to summarizing the X-ray measurements and giving other relevant optical data, the present extensive catalog discusses the reduction process and analyzes selection effects associated with both SAO catalog completeness and IPC target selection procedures. It is concluded that X-ray emission, at the level of Lx not less than 10 exp 30 ergs/s, is quite common in B stars of early spectral types (B0-B3), regardless of luminosity class, but that emission, at the same level, becomes less common, or nonexistent, in later B-type stars.

  5. Seasonality of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Terceira and Sao Jorge Islands, Azores, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, D.J.H.; Mexia, A.M.M.; Mumford, J.D.

    2017-01-01

    Population dynamics studies are very important for any area-wide control program as they provide detailed knowledge about the relationship of Medfly [Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)] life cycle with host availability and abundance. The main goal of this study is to analyse seasonality of C. capitata in Terceira and Sao Jorge Islands (Azores archipelago) using field and laboratory data collected during (2010–2014) CABMEDMAC (MAC/3/A163) project. The results from Sao Jorge Island indicate significantly lower male/female ratio than on Terceira Island. This is an important finding specially regarding when stablishing the scenario parameters for a sterile insect technique application in each island. The population dynamics of C. capitata are generally linked with host fruit availability and abundance. However, on Terceira Island fruit infestation levels are not synchronized with the trap counts. For example, there was Medfly infestations in some fruits [e.g., Solanum mauritianum (Scop.)] while in the nearby traps there were no captures at the same time. From this perspective, it is important to denote the importance of wild invasive plants, on the population dynamics of C. capitata, as well important to consider the possibility of having different densities of traps according to the characteristics of each area in order to improve the network of traps surveillance’s sensitivity on Terceira Island. PMID:28082349

  6. Estimation of turbulence production by nocturnal low level jets in Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beu, Cassia M. L.; Marques, Márcia T. A.; Nakaema, Walter M.; Sakagami, Yoshiaki; Santos, Pedro A. A.; Moreira, A. C. de C. A.; Landulfo, Eduardo

    2016-10-01

    Two Doppler lidars were recently used to collect data from the planetary boundary layer (PBL) in Sao Paulo city (23°32'S, 46°38'W). The measurement campaign was carried out from December-2015 to February-2016, during the summer, which is the rainy season. Although Sao Paulo is the main city of a huge metropolitan region with more than 11 million of inhabitants and 7 millions of vehicles, according to the government agencies, the lack of PBL observational data is still a limitation for the atmospheric dispersion studies. Therefore, this work should contribute to the comprehension of PBL mechanisms and also for future atmospheric modeling studies. The data revealed that the nocturnal low-level jets (LLJs) frequently occurred along those 3 months, but its height is highly variable, from 100 m up to 650 m. It was also seen that the nocturnal LLJs can extend for several hours, right before the sunset until sunrise. This work aims to investigate the turbulence production by the nocturnal LLJs and its influence into the stable boundary layer (SBL).

  7. Descriptive analysis of narrative photojournalism in two digital newspapers: Folha de Sao Paulo and The Guardian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín López Del Ramo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Given the paucity of studies in this field, this paper seeks to develop an analysis of new products in the digital news media’s narrative photojournalism, its components and substantive aspects, focusing on digital newspapers Folha de Sao Paulo and The Guardian. The sample consists of 35 pieces with a total of 899 photographs, of which 351 (39.1% correspond to Folha de Sao Paulo and 548 (60.9% to The Guardian. Drawing on a content analysis methodology, a self-designed record is used with indicators that are seldom referred to in studies on photography, such as structural design, functionality or integration of multimedia content. The results indicate that these products have different formats and configurations, possess a clear structure, are of a medium-high length, and contain simple functionality. A good hierarchical organization, variety, large size and high-quality images provide a strong visual impact. The textual elements complement and clarify the logical meaning of the story. The inclusion of audiovisual content and links is discreet but well contextualized. All this represents a significant aesthetic-communicative advance as compared to the conventional treatment of photography in the digital press.

  8. Analysis of environmental studies of the mammals in small hydroelectrics power in the Espirito Santo; Analise dos estudos ambientais da mastofauna em pequenas centrais hidreletricas do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonesi, Patricia Conde

    2011-10-15

    The hydroelectric projects have been the main form to supply the energy demand in Brazil. Although it has been considered a way of clean generation, it brings many environmental impacts. Due to the fact that inconsistencies in environmental impact studies often occur, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of environmental diagnosis of the mammals in SHP in the Espirito Santo. Therefore, was notice an insufficient data survey, because of the relevance given to the secondary data and the lack of seasonal investigations, bringing damages to the proposals submitted of environmental compensation. This way, manners ware proposed that aim to improve the quality of these studies, which include since environmental awareness programs at the penalizing of those involved in such studies. (author)

  9. Os Sciaenidae (Teleostei: Perciformes da Baía de Santos (SP, Brasil Scianed fishes (Teleostel: Perciformes from Baía de Santos (SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Giannini

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available A fim de se determinar os padrões de distribuição e de repartição temporal e espacial das espécies de peixes da família Sciaenidae na Baía de Santos, foram efetuadas amostras mensais diurnas com arrastos de praia e de fundo, de março de 1985 a maio de 1986. O estudo foi baseado na comparação das variações espaciais e temporais da ocorrência e abundância e na análise da influência de parâmetros ambientais. Vinte espécies de cienídeos foram coletadas na região, todas ocorrendo nos arrastos de fundo e nove nos arrastos de praia. Dentre essas, Stelliferrastrifer, Isopisthus parvipinnis, Paralonchurus brasiliensis, Micropogonias fumieri, Stellifer brasiliensis, Menticirrhus americanus e Menticirrhus littoralis, estiveram presentes durante todo o período, contribuindo com mais de 90 % do total capturado na Baía de Santos e região de praias adjacentes. A coexistência dessas espécies foi possível devido à alternância das ocorrências e dos picos de abundância em função das épocas do ano, da área de amostragem e da variação da temperatura e salinidade da água. S. rastrifer ocorreu preferencialmente nos arrastos de fundo, no inverno, em águas frias e de profundidade e salinidade medianas e em todos os setores de amostragem. I. parvipinnis, P brasiliensis e S. brasiliensis ocorreram preferencialmente nos arrastos de fundo, no inverno, primavera e outono, respectivamente, em águas frias, profundas e mais salinas e nos setores mais externos. M. furnieri e M. americanus ocorreram nos arrastos de fundo e de praia e, preferencialmente, no verão, em águas quentes, rasas e menos salinas e nos setores mais internos. M. littoralis ocorreu preferencialmente nos arrastos de praia, no inverno, em águas frias e em todas as estações de amostragem.The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence and the spatial partitioning of the most abundant juvenile sciaenid fishes in the Bay of Santos, based upon the variability in

  10. Source apportionment of carbonaceous aerosol in Sao Paulo using 13C and 14C measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyama, Beatriz; Andrade, Maria de Fatima; Holzinger, Rupert; Röckmann, Thomas; Meijer, Harro A. J.; Dusek, Ulrike

    2016-04-01

    The Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo is affected by high aerosol concentrations, which contain a large fraction of organic material. Up to date, not much is known about the composition and origin of the organic aerosol in this city. We present the first source apportionment of the carbonaceous aerosol fraction in Sao Paulo, using stable (13C) and radioactive carbon isotopes (14C). 14C provides a clear-cut distinction between fossil sources, which contain no 14C, and contemporary sources such as biofuels, biomass burning, or biogenic sources, which contain a typical contemporary 14C/12C ratio. 13C can be used to distinguish C3 plants, such as maize and sugarcane, from C4 plants. This can help to identify a possible impact of sugarcane field burning in the rural areas of Sao Paulo State on the aerosol carbon in the city. In the first part of the study, we compare two tunnel studies: Tunnel 1 is frequented only by light duty vehicles, which run mainly on mixtures of gasoline with ethanol (gasohol, 25% ethanol and 85% gasoline) or hydrated ethanol (5% water and 95% ethanol). Tunnel 2 contains a significant fraction of heavy-duty diesel vehicles, and therefore the fraction of biofuels in the average fleet is lower. Comparison of 14C in organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC) shows that in both tunnels there is no significant contribution of biofuels to EC. Combusting ethanol-gasoline fuels in a vehicle engine does apparently not result in significant EC formation from ethanol. Biofuels contribute around 45% to OC in Tunnel 1 an only 20% in Tunnel 2, reflecting a strong impact of diesel vehicles in Tunnel 2. In the second part of the study we conduct a source apportionment of ambient aerosol carbon collected in a field study during winter (July-August) 2012. Ambient EC has two main sources, vehicular emissions and biomass burning. We estimate a contribution of vehicular sources to EC of roughly 90% during weekdays and 80% during weekends, using the 14C values measured in

  11. The Prince, the Captain and "The State": An Examination of the Mesquita Family Ownership of "O Estado de Sao Paulo" to 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etsinger, Jean

    Julio Mesquita joined the staff of "O Estado de Sao Paulo" in 1885 and became a director in 1891, when he also began his first term as a deputy of the Sao Paulo state assembly. Until his death in 1927, Mesquita guided the newspaper's growth in all respects--editorial, political, technological, and economic. Julio de Mesquita Filho…

  12. Vitrification of galvanic solid wastes: solutions for the east area of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Vitrificacao de residuos solidos galvanicos: solucao para a zona leste de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattos, Cleiton dos Santos; Castanho, Sonia Regina Homem de Mello [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Galvanic solid waste have elevated levels of heavy metals and usually are stocked in the industry, creating a worrisome environmental liabilities. This disturbing fact is aggravated in areas densely populated as the area east of Sao Paulo, which has a pole of industrial electroplating of chrome. The present paper, we describe and provide a technological option for the disposal of waste generated by this activity using techniques that allow the incorporation of these in a glass matrix. The wastes were characterized by XRF, EDS, ICP-AES, AAS, DTA/TGA, XRD and SEM-FEG and embedded in glass and frits made from the system SiO{sub -}CaO-Na{sub O}, with additions of up to 30% by weight. The results of the analysis of residues showed the majority presence of Ni, Cr, B, Cu, Ca and S. The resulting glasses showed that heavy metals were incorporated into its structure and probably replacing the Ca and Na. In addition, the products showed specific colors indicating the possibility of use in some segments of manufacturing in ceramics with glazes, loading and pigments. (author)

  13. Evaluation of the impacts of the gas aid program in Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos impactos do programa do auxilio-gas no estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimaraes, Thiago Pamplona [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FEARP-USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Economia, Administracao e Contabilidade; Anuatti Neto, Francisco [Universidade de Sao Paulo (PIPGE/USP), SP (Brazil). Programa Interunidades de Pos-Graduacao em Energia

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this article is to evaluate the coverage and the economic impact of the Federal Government Program Aid Gas (Auxilio Gas) , started in the year of 2002. The evaluation covers only the state of Sao Paulo, using as source the Research of Familiar Budgets of IBGE 2002/2003. To evaluate the coverage of 'Aid-Gas' the targeted population is compared with the population that effectively received the benefit. To evaluate the economic impact of the program a test of significance of dummy variable that differentiate weight gas consumption on income for those attended by the program, controlled by Working-Leser function that models the covariates of gas expenses. A low coverage of the program was evidenced, only 32,098 families had received the benefit (4,01%) out of 786.929 families targeted group, those with per capita income was inferior the half minimum wage. The economic impact had mixed results. In one hand program beneficiaries would spend a larger percentage of income with gas consumption than those not reached; on the other hand, they would have access larger quantities of the product. If the food consumption and the gas consumption are correlated, and the families not benefited by the program are rationed, it is possible to confirm that the introduction of the program would increase welfare of families. (author)

  14. Acid rain: a case study at the Universidade de Sao Paulo campus, Sao Paulo State, Brazil; Chuva acida: estudo de caso no campus USP/SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galvao, Patricia

    1996-12-31

    The phenomena called acid rain is considered, by many researchers, one of the most serious environmental problem. This work has the aim of showing, in a theoretical and practical study, the problems caused by the atmospheric-pollutant emission, through natural or anthropogenic sources. In a period of 1 year (nov/94-nov/95), it was realized a practical work on rainwater, which consisted of collecting and, afterwards, analysing some physical and chemical parameters of this water, such as acidity, ionic concentrations, etc, with the purpose of characterizing the rainwater in Cidade Universitaria (SP, Brazil). After ending the practical part, it was possible to observe a 1,236.71 mm/y pluviosity, characterized by rainy summer and dry winter. The chemical-constituent-concentration analysis show us the predominance of SO{sup 2-}{sub 4} and Ca{sup 2+}, and a continental-origin water). The region of sao Paulo (Brazil), site of this study, is one of the largest metropolitan and industrialized areas of the world, which includes 18 million people, beside to an enormous industrial and vehicular complex. The acidity in the rain water is a complex problem and it must be treated by a range of disciplines to have a better comprehension of the cause/effects of the acid rain. (author) 96 refs., 28 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Radiation protection in radiology services in the municipality of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil; Protecao radiologica nos servicos de radiologia do Municipio de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senise, Paulo H.; Silva, Ezequiel; Ruzene, Anderson A.; Braga, Adriano C.; Spirgatis, Armim, E-mail: paulo.senise@fidi.org.br, E-mail: ezequieI.siIva@fidi.org.br, E-mail: anderson.ruzene@fidi.org.br, E-mail: adriano.braga@fidi.org.br, E-mail: armim.spirgatis@fidi.org.br [Fundacao lnstituto de Pesquisa e Estudo de Diagnostico por Imagem (FIDI), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Medeiros, Regina B., E-mail: regina.bitelli@fidi.org.br [Instituto de Pesquisa e Ensino em Medicina Diagnostica e Terapeutica (IPmed), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-10-01

    The FIDI company providing service to local health care system is responsible for managing part of the services diagnostic imaging of Sao Paulo in the South and Southeast ( 60 % ), Eastern ( 20 % ) and Midwest (20 %), Brazil. The generation of images in the municipal net is performed in conventional manner. Since 2009 works a maintenance associated with the verification of the performance of radiological equipment (annual) and processing (monthly) one. In 2008, on the occasion of the agreement between the city hall and FIDI, conditions were evaluated for radiological protection in 52 care units of the municipality. Were carried out verification tests of performance in conventional equipment, mammographic and tomographic equipment, in 138 and 71 analog processors, according to current legislation. In 2008 , 33 % of the devices had technical problems that prevented its operation. Currently only 3.4 % of the 91 are in radiological equipment maintenance. In 2008 the majority of radiological equipment had more than 10 years of manufacturing, while today fixed equipment have been replaced by new ones and therefore the use of mammography and generally have 2 to 3 years of manufacture . Currently the 31 processors are operative in 2008, 28 % were out of order. The replacement of most of the equipment associated with program quality and preventive/corrective maintenance has kept the service in accordance with the law. (author)

  16. The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System: From R&D to Operational Regional Forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Rocha Fragoso, M.; Moore, A. M.; dos Santos, F. A.; Marques Da Cruz, L.; Carvalho, G. V.; Soares, F.

    2016-02-01

    Santos Basin is located on the Southwestern Brazilian Ocean Basin and comprises the main offshore oil reserves of Brazil. The exploration and production activities on its ocean are growing in accelerated pace, which means that oil spill contingency and search & rescue operations are likely to be more frequent. Therefore, ocean current reliable nowcasts and forecasts has become even more important for this region. The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System was designed as an R&D project and its main objective was to establish and maintain a systematic oceanographic data collection for this region in order to study its ocean dynamics and improve regional ocean forecast through data assimilation. In the first three years of the project surface drifters, profiling floats and gliders were deployed to measure and monitor mainly the Brazil Current Western Boundary System, a highly unstable baroclinic current system, that present several meanders and mesoscale eddies activities. Throughout the development of the project, the team involved was able to learn how to operate the equipment, treat the collected data and use it to assimilate on the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). After performing a one-year 4DVAR assimilation cycle (Fragoso et al., 2015) in which the forecasting skill was assessed, the system was considered mature enough to start producing ocean circulation forecasts for Santos Basin. It is the first time in Brazil that a regional ocean model using a 4DVAR data assimilation scheme was used to produce high resolution operational ocean current forecasts. This paper describes all the components of this forecasting system, its main results and discoveries with special focus on the Brazil Current System Transport and mesocale eddies dynamics and statistics.

  17. Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrión-Paladines, Vinicio; Fries, Andreas; Gómez-Muñoz, Beatriz; García-Ruiz, Roberto

    2016-12-01

    Fruits of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) are used for essential oil extraction. The extraction process is very efficient, because up to 3% of the fresh fruits can be transformed into essential oil; however, a considerable amount of waste is concurrently produced (>97% of the fresh biomass). Recent developments in Ecuadorian policies to foster environmentally friendly agroforestry and industrial practices have led to widespread interest in reusing the waste. This study evaluated the application of four vermicomposts (VMs), which are produced from the waste of the Palo Santo fruit distillation in combination with other raw materials (kitchen leftovers, pig manure, goat manure, and King Grass), for agrochemical use and for carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) decomposition in two soils with different textures. The results showed that the vermicompost mixtures (VMM) were valuable for agricultural utilisation, because total N (min. 2.63%) was relatively high and the C/N ratio (max. 13.3), as well as the lignin (max. 3.8%) and polyphenol (max. 1.6%) contents were low. In addition, N availability increased for both soil types after the application of the VMM. In contrast, N became immobile during decomposition if the VM of the pure waste was added. This likely occurred because of the relatively low total N (1.16%) content and high C/N ratio (35.0). However, the comparatively low C decomposition of this VM type makes its application highly recommendable as a strategy to increase the levels of organic matter and C, as well as for soil reclamation. Overall, these results suggest that the residues of the Palo Santo essential oil extraction are a potential source for vermicompost production and sustainable agriculture. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Variables disclosing the processes of transformation of the countryside: the case of the Espirito Santo - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Ferraz do Nascimento

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the occurrence of changes in the countryside, in Brazil, from the observation of variables such as type of job, income, family profile, access to consumer goods, services, and information and communication technology. There had been used exploratory analysis and logistic regression method, based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Amostra de Domicílios (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey - PNAD for the state of Espirito Santo. The study found that about 27.2% of individuals who had lived in the countryside report an urban profile, revealing that the urban lifestyle is encompassed not only in the city

  19. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiano Raccanello; Gerardo Roldán-Bravo

    2014-01-01

    La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México), analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro...

  20. El bienestar laboral y el talento humano en la Institución educativa Eduardo Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Restrepo Parra, Martha María, Hna.; Rodríguez Torres, Rafael Alberto; Rojas López, Yaneth, Hna.

    2013-01-01

    Tesis (Especialista en Gerencia Educativa). Universidad Católica de Manizales, Facultad de Educación, 2013 Con grandes expectativas se presenta el Proyecto Bienestar Laboral para el Talento Humano a la Institución Educativa Eduardo Santos. El cual nace de la necesidad de aplicar los conocimientos teóricos – prácticos de la especialización en Gerencia Educativa y la necesidad de tener un plan de acción que fortalezca en esta Institución el talento humano que lleve a mejorar las relaciones s...

  1. La violencia de los santos en Nueva España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Rubial García

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A lo largo de su historia el Cristianismo se ha debatido entre dos concepciones de Dios encontradas y aparentemente contradictorias. Una, que lo ve como una fuerza justiciera y vengadora, la otra que exalta su faceta providencial y amorosa. Quiero desarrollar en mi artículo la recepción que se tuvo de la primera concepción en Nueva España a partir de las representaciones visuales y textuales de los santos, tanto en su papel de víctimas, como de victimarios, sobre todo en relación con el mart...

  2. Diario de un convento: Santo Domingo de Tunja durante la Independencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Carlos Mario Alzate Montes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta la contribución de la Orden de Predicadores a favor de la independencia del Nuevo Reino de Granada y, en particular, la efectuada por el Convento Universidad de Santo Domingo en Tunja, en tanto que se establecen las causas que movieron a los conventuales dominicos a participar en este proceso, con el apoyo de los estudiantes de la Tomística y de los otros dos conventos universidades de Tunja y Cartagena.

  3. A new species of Leiostracus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicoidea from Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo B. Salvador

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A remarkable new species of pulmonate land snail was found in the collection of the Senckenberg Forschungninstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt (Frankfurt am Main, Germany and is described here as Leiostracus faerie sp. nov. It can be easily identified by its small and translucent shell with fine axial light brown bands and its protoconch sculpture. It was collected in the Rio Doce ("Doce River" region in Espírito Santo, Brazil, an area known for a high diversity and endemicity of land snails. This discovery shows how little this fauna is known and reinforces the importance of museum collections in the study of biodiversity and conservation.

  4. Purgatorio y culto a los santos en la plástica catalana bajomedieval

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Barral, Paulino

    2003-01-01

    Este artículo aborda la evolución de la imagen del purgatorio en la plástica catalana bajomedieval. Sus primeras formulaciones, basadas exclusivamente en el fuego como elemento de purificación, abren paso a tipologías que se nutren en mayor o menor medida de recursos visuales dependientes de la imagen del infierno, para orientarse progresivamente hacia la búsqueda de una iconografía específica, ligada, por lo general, al culto a determinados santos (san Amador, san Nicolás de Tolentino, san G...

  5. La Leyenda de los santos: orígenes medievales e itinerario renacentista

    OpenAIRE

    José Aragüés Aldaz

    2016-01-01

    This is an analysis of the trajectory of one of the two great families of our Medieval and Renaissance flos sanctorum. This family is formed of three works: the handwritten Compilación B (an abridged version of the Legenda aurea of Iacopo da Varazze), the Flos Sanctorum con sus ethimologías (an incunabulum of unknown date and printer) and the Leyenda de los santos, a work that thrived with several editions published since the end of the 15th century until 1579. This article explores the relat...

  6. Sustainable Campus Program: University of Sao Paulo and its contribution to the reduction of environmental and economic impacts; Programa Campus Sutentavel: a Universidade de Sao Paulo e sua contribuicao a reducao dos impactos ambientais e economicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilela, M.M.; Grimoni, J.A.B.; Burani, G.F. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia; Massola, A.M.A.; Barbosa, E.J.S.; Hamzo, S.T.; Guarnieri, M.C.; Prist, R.; Sonnewend, J.E.S. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (COSESP/USP), SP (Brazil). Coordenadoria do Campus da Capital

    2010-07-01

    This paper presents the actions and the results obtained by the action of the University of Sao Paulo (USP) in reduction of environmental impacts caused by its activities, the creation of standards and indicators to monitor the results, the training of personnel and development models of public administration that can be adopted by other universities and city, state and federal administration. (author)

  7. Perspectives for distributed generation of electricity in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso; Perspectivas da geracao distribuida de eletricidade nos estados de Sao Paulo, Bahia e Mato Grosso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Leite, Alvaro Afonso Furtado [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], Email: bajay@fem.unicamp.br; Carvalho, Claudio Bezerra de [Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB), Alagoinhas, BA (Brazil); Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    This paper addresses the concept of distributed generation of electricity and the current support policies for such kind of generation in the country. Their diffusion perspectives in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso are discussed. The more promising technologies and new policies for them are pointed out. (author)

  8. Conception of the Instrument Calibration Laboratory of Ionizing Radiation Measurement (LACIMRI) of CTMSP - Sao Paulo, SP; Concepcao do Laboratorio de Calibracao de Instrumentos de Medicao de Radiacao Ionizante (LACIMRI) do CTMSP, Sao Paulo, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Raimundo Dias da; Kibrit, Eduardo, E-mail: raimundo@ctmsp.mar.mil.b, E-mail: kibrit@ctmsp.mar.mil.b [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The present work describes the phases of implantation of calibration laboratory of ionizing radiation measurement instruments at the CTMSP, Sao Paulo, in a priory approved by CNEN, Brazil. That laboratory will allow and enhance the present metrological capacity for the attendance to the growing demand for calibration services of the instruments

  9. The Water Crisis in Sao Paulo City: Drought and its Climate Connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro Lima, C. H.; Lall, U.

    2014-12-01

    In 2014, Sao Paulo city had its largest water shortage in history. By the end of the first half of 2014, the Cantareira system of water reservoirs, which is responsible for supplying fresh water for about 9 million people in the city, dried to less than 10% of its active storage, leading to a critical situation and the need to pump water from its dead storage and allocate water from other smaller systems of reservoirs in order to meet the demand of the city and avoid a mandatory water rationing. Understanding and identifying the leading factors for such a water crisis is critical for the security of the city. Here, we investigate historical data of water levels and inflows into the Cantareira system and of the rainfall series over the contributing basin in order to estimate the contribution of climate factors to the variability of the water storage levels at the Cantareira system and shed some light on the main causes of the current water shortage. Preliminary results based on natural inflow data from 1930 to 2014 and water storage levels from 2004 through 2014 reveal that, about 60% of the low frequency (beyond seasonal cycle) variance in the storage level trends is explained by trends in the inflows. A remarkably monotonic decreasing trend of about 1.5% per month in the storage levels is observed since 2010 and is closely associated with a similar decreasing trend in the inflows into the system for the period. In fact, the annual average inflow for 2012 (25.6 m3/s) and 2013 (25.7 m3/s) was 65% of the long term average and still below the 2004-2012 average withdrawal to supply Sao Paulo (26.64 m3/s). By the end of the 2013 rainy season the system had accumulated 63% of its total capacity, but the persistence of low inflows and high temperatures during 2013 did not allowed any increase in the water levels. In 2014 austral summer the system experienced the worst hydrological drought since 1930 based on the available streamflow records. The average inflow for the

  10. Quantifying impacts on air quality of vehicular emissions in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artaxo, Paulo; Ferreira de Brito, Joel; Godoy, José Marcus; Luiza Godoy, Maria; Junior, Djacinto

    2016-04-01

    Vehicular emissions in megacities such as Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are increasingly becoming a global issue. The São Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA), located in Southeast of Brazil, is a megacity with a population of 18 million people, with 7 million cars and large-scale industrial emissions. Rio de Janeiro is also a large city with different meteorology than São Paulo. All cars in Brazil runs gasohol, with 23% ethanol in gasoline, and for the last 10 years, flex cars that can run on gasohol, ethanol or any mixture dominate the market. Overall ethanol accounts for about 30-40% of fuel burned in both cities. To improve the understanding of vehicular emission impacts on aerosol composition and life cycle in these two large megacities a source apportionment study, combining online and offline measurements, was performed. Aerosols were collected for one year to capture seasonal variability at 4 sites in each city, with inorganic and organic aerosol component being sampled. Organic and elemental carbon were measured using a Sunset Laboratory Dual Optics (transmission and reflectance) Carbon Analyzer and about 22 trace elements has been measured using polarized X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF). Aerosol mass and black carbon were also measured, as well as trace gases to help in aerosol source apportionment. In Sao Paulo, the average PM2.5 mass concentration obtained varied from 9.6 to 12.2 μg m-3 for the several sites, and similar concentrations were measured in Rio de Janeiro. At all sites, organic matter (OM) has dominated fine mode aerosol concentration with 42 to 60% of the aerosol mass. EC accounted for 21 to 31% of fine mode aerosol mass concentration. Sulfate accounted for 21 to 26% of PM2.5 for the sites. Aerosol source apportionment was done with receptor analysis and integration with online data such as PTR-MS, Aethalometers, Nephelometers and ACSM helped to apportion vehicular emissions. For the 8 sites operated in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, vehicular

  11. Correlations between Pb isotopes and volatile elements in melt inclusions from Sao Miguel, Azores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, M. A.; Rose-Koga, E. F.; Koga, K. T.; Vlastelic, I.; Shimizu, N.; Whitehouse, M.

    2009-12-01

    Sao Miguel is the biggest eastern-most island of the Azores archipelago in the northern Atlantic and is known to have a very peculiar isotopic systematics including Sr, Nd and Pb. We studied 4 lavas of Sao Miguel, one is from the 1563 historical lava flow Queimado peak eruption, one is from Picos Volcanic zone and the two others are Pliocene ankaramites from the Nordest. The olivine phenocrysts of these samples have been documented for helium isotopes and show very radiogenic 3He/4He ratios (<6Ra). We analyzed 9 primitive olivine-hosted melt inclusions for both Pb isotopes and volatile element concentrations (H2O, CO2, F, S, and Cl). The Pb isotope ratios were measured by a multicollection SIMS 1280 (NMNH Stockholm, Sweden) and volatiles by a monocollection SIMS 1280 (WHOI, USA). The repeated 207Pb/206Pb measurements of the GOR132 glass standard (20 ppm Pb) yielded a 0.15% relative variation (1 sigma of the distribution). All the melt inclusions have 207Pb/206Pb (0.782 to 0.797) and 208Pb/206Pb (1.969 to 2.041) lower than MORB value (DMM: 0.857, 2.053), i.e., more radiogenic compositions. We found positive linear correlations between 207Pb/206Pb and CO2, F, S, and Cl. The correlations further improve when Pb isotope ratios are plotted against F/P2O5, and Cl/K2O. The Sao Miguel source is characterized by a mixing between a low 207Pb/206Pb and low 208Pb/206Pb in the Nordest coming from a long time residence of high (U+Th)/Pb recycled material, and a component with higher ratios, more similar to other islands from the central group. The low 3He/4He ratio measured on Nordest samples also suggests a high (U+Th)/3He in its source, which may be due to degassing presumably during an early stage of the recycling. The low 207Pb/206Pb with low volatiles samples could also be explain this early degassing. Samples with the highest 207Pb/206Pb are richer in volatile suggesting the presence of a volatile rich lithology beneath the Azores central group, which was also proposed by

  12. Lienzos de José Moreno para el retablo del Santo Cristo de la Sangre de Torrijos (Toledo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Pastor, Ismael

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author continues his studies of the life and work of José Moreno (Madrid, c. 1630/1637 - Burgos, 1677. Three unknown canvases from the altarpiece of the Hospital del Santo Cristo de la Sangre of Torrijos (Toledo, painted in 1667, are here presented and studied.

    Continuación de los estudios del autor sobre la biografía y la obra de José Moreno (Madrid, c 1630/1637 - Burgos, 1677. Da a conocer y estudia los tres lienzos desconocidos del retablo mayor del Hospital del Santo Cristo de la Sangre de Torrijos (Toledo, pintados en 1667.

  13. Una encrucijada incierta. Independentismo, anexionismo y abolición de la esclavitud en Santo Domingo, 1809-1821.

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Luis Belmonte Postigo

    2015-01-01

    La reintegración de Santo Domingo a la Monarquía española tuvo serias dificultades que amenazaron el asentamiento del sistema colonial español. La compleja situación política de la península, y la extensión del movimiento insurgente en los territorios continentales, supusieron obstáculos que imposibilitaron la remisión de los recursos que Santo Domingo demandaba. En mitad del marasmo económico, el auge de las ideas indepe...

  14. Descrição da larva de último estádio de Nephepeltia berlai Santos, 1950 (Odonata, Libellulidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Schmidt Dalzochio

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A larva de último ínstar de Nephepeltia berlai Santos, 1950 é descrita e ilustrada, a partir de material procedente do Municipio de Cascavel, Estado do Paraná, Brasil. A caracterização do gênero com base nos imaturos é redefinida.Description of the Last Instar Larva of Nephepeltia berlai (Odonata, LibellulidaeAbstract.The larvae of the last instar of Nephepeltia berlai Santos, 1950 is described and illustrated based on material collected in Cascavel Municipality, Paraná State, Brazil. The generic concept based in the immatures is redefined.

  15. Book Review: America’s Blind Spot: Chávez, Oil and US Security by Andrés Cala and Michael Economides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boscan, Luis

    2013-01-01

    Review of: America’s Blind Spot: Chávez, Oil and US Security. Andrés Cala and Michael Economides. Continuum Books. 2012.......Review of: America’s Blind Spot: Chávez, Oil and US Security. Andrés Cala and Michael Economides. Continuum Books. 2012....

  16. Teresa Andrés y la organización Cultura Popular: una propuesta de coordinación bibliotecaria (1936-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seguí i Francés, Romà

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Teresa Andrés Zamora es conocida por su actividad al frente de la Sección de Bibliotecas de Cultura Popular. Este trabajo describe las relaciones que se establecieron entre Teresa Andrés y Cultura Popular, tras hacerse cargo de las responsabilidades del Ministerio de Instrucción Pública.

  17. Percepção dos estudantes universitários sobre o consumo de drogas entre seus pares no ABC Paulista, São Paulo, Brasil Percepciones de los estudiantes universitarios sobre el consumo de drogas entre sus pares en el ABC Paulista, en Sao Paulo, Brasil University students' perception regarding drug use among peers in the ABC Region of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hercilio Pereira de Oliveira Júnior

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a relação entre o uso de drogas e as normas percebidas pelos estudantes universitários entre seus pares. Trata-se de estudo transversal, baseado em um censo. Foram avaliados todos os estudantes dos 2 e 3 anos dos cursos de medicina e enfermagem. O projeto incluiu estudantes entre 18 e 24 anos da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, em Santo André, Brasil. Os estudantes foram convidados a, voluntariamente, responder um questionário que avalia, entre outras variáveis, consumo próprio de drogas e percepção sobre o uso dos pares. Houve participação de 274 estudantes. A fim de analizar os dados, foi utilizado o pacote SPSS e técnicas descritivas, incluindo-se frequências e médias. Houve superestimativa da percepção do consumo de drogas em relação à frequência descrita de uso próprio pelos estudantes.El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la relación entre el uso de drogas y las normas percibidas entre estudiantes universitarios. La muestra fue de tipo transversal, basada en una encuesta. El estudio evaluó a los estudiantes universitarios de los cursos de enfermería y de medicina de la Facultad de Medicina de la zona del ABC, en Santo André, en Brasil. Los estudiantes fueron invitados a participar respondiendo a un cuestionario que permitió evaluar su propio uso de drogas y el consumo percibido de las drogas entre sus pares. Participaron 274 entrevistados, con edad entre 18 y 24 años. Para presentar los resultados se usaron procedimientos descriptivos; para analizar los datos se usó el paquete estadístico SPSS. Se encontró que los estudiantes sobrestimaron la percepción de la norma de consumo entre sus pares.This study aimed to analyze the relation between university students' perceived norms and actual drug use among their peers. This cross-sectional study was based on a survey. Evaluations involved all second- and third-year students (ages between 18 and 24 years of the nursing and

  18. Interaction of human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells with stainless steel coated by silicalite-1 films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jirka, Ivan; Vandrovcová, Marta; Plšek, Jan; Bouša, Milan; Brabec, Libor; Dragounová, Helena; Bačáková, Lucie

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 76, JUL 2017 (2017), s. 775-781 ISSN 0928-4931 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-02681S Institutional support: RVO:61388955 ; RVO:67985823 Keywords : silicalite-1 film * biocompatibility * human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry; EI - Biotechnology ; Bionics (FGU-C) OBOR OECD: Physical chemistry

  19. Strain accumulation in bituminous binders under repeated creep-recovery loading predicted from small-amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS) experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laukkanen, Olli-Ville; Winter, H. Henning

    2017-11-01

    The creep-recovery (CR) test starts out with a period of shearing at constant stress (creep) and is followed by a period of zero-shear stress where some of the accumulated shear strain gets reversed. Linear viscoelasticity (LVE) allows one to predict the strain response to repeated creep-recovery (RCR) loading from measured small-amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS) data. Only the relaxation and retardation time spectra of a material need to be known and these can be determined from SAOS data. In an application of the Boltzmann superposition principle (BSP), the strain response to RCR loading can be obtained as a linear superposition of the strain response to many single creep-recovery tests. SAOS and RCR data were collected for several unmodified and modified bituminous binders, and the measured and predicted RCR responses were compared. Generally good agreement was found between the measured and predicted strain accumulation under RCR loading. However, in the case of modified binders, the strain accumulation was slightly overestimated (≤20% relative error) due to the insufficient SAOS information at long relaxation times. Our analysis also demonstrates that the evolution in the strain response under RCR loading, caused by incomplete recovery, can be reasonably well predicted by the presented methodology. It was also shown that the outlined modeling framework can be used, as a first approximation, to estimate the rutting resistance of bituminous binders by predicting the values of the Multiple Stress Creep Recovery (MSCR) test parameters.

  20. Body fat distribution in stunted compared with normal-height children from the shantytowns of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether central fat distribution varies between children who were growth retarded as young children, compared to normal height children from the same impoverished communities of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Research methods and procedures: A prospectiv...

  1. Feasibility study for the implementation of an intense linac-based neutron source facility in Sao Paulo

    CERN Document Server

    Arruda-Neto, J D T

    1999-01-01

    The implementation of an intense linac-based neutron source is proposed here, using the forthcoming 30 MeV electron CW-Microtron under construction in Sao Paulo. A method to estimate photoneutron fluxes, based on thin target bremsstrahlung approximation, has been developed. The versatility and possible broad range of applications associated with such a facility are addressed.

  2. SURVEY OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ASSOCIATED WITH AUTOMOTIVE EMISSIONS IN THE URBAN AIRSHED OF SAO PAULO, BRAZIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo (MRSP), Brazil, is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world (population 17 million, approx.) and relies heavily on alcohol-based fuels for automobiles. It is estimated that about 40% of the total volume of fuel is ethanol with som...

  3. Education, Training and Employment in Small-Scale Enterprises: Three Industries in Sao Paulo, Brazil. IIEP Research Report No. 63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Elenice M.; Caillods, Francoise

    Despite the prophecies forecasting their probable disappearance or annihilation, small-scale enterprises have persisted in the Brazilian industrial structure since 1950. To account for the survival of small firms in Brazil, specifically in the state of Sao Paulo, a study examined 100 small firms in three industrial sectors: clothing, mechanical…

  4. Alterações cognitivas na SAOS Cognitive impairment in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Alterações da cognição e do desempenho estão bem estabelecidas em pacientes com SAOS, causando um impacto significativo sobre a qualidade de vida e o risco de acidentes nesses indivíduos. Tais alterações são mais profundas nos quadros mais graves de SAOS, o que explica a aparente discrepância na frequência e gravidade desse prejuízo entre estudos com pacientes de clínicas de sono e estudos de base populacional. Vários aspectos podem estar comprometidos, incluindo o processamento cognitivo, a atenção sustentada, as funções executivas e a memória. Entretanto, os mecanismos causais desses déficits não estão inteiramente elucidados, e existem controvérsias, particularmente em relação à contribuição relativa da hipóxia intermitente e da interrupção do sono presentes na SAOS. O impacto da sonolência diurna sobre o desempenho desses pacientes nos diversos testes cognitivos também ainda deve ser determinado, assim como o possível efeito de comorbidades frequentes, incluindo o diabete melito, a hipertensão arterial sistêmica, a doença cardiovascular e a obesidade. Existem evidências convincentes de que o tratamento com CPAP produz uma significativa melhora do desempenho e da cognição, sobretudo nos portadores de SAOS moderada e grave, embora sejam necessários mais estudos acerca do seu impacto a longo prazo.Cognitive and performance impairment is well established in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS, having a significant impact on the quality of life and the risk of accidents in these individuals. The severity of the impairment correlates with that of the OSAS, which explains the apparent discrepancy between studies using patients from sleep clinics and population-based studies in terms of the reported frequency and severity of such impairment. Cognitive processing, sustained attention, executive functioning, and memory have all been reported to be impaired in OSAS. However, the causal

  5. Nuclear technology in secondary school in the city of Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benites, Daniela B.; Gordon, Ana Maria P.L. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: dbenites@ipen.br, e-mail: amgordon@ipen.br

    2009-07-01

    Nowadays, much has been said about nuclear technology development in Brazil. The importance of introducing the nuclear energy in the Brazilian energetic matrix has been now recognized by the society. There is a highly accepted assertion about the role developed by the energy offer for the country development, although it is wellknown that this is a necessary condition, but not enough. Another major issue is the environment preservation, so that future generations may live in adequate climatic and environmental conditions. Industrial activities and mining are some of the issues debated in the world scenario. Therefore the option to introduce nuclear energy in the country energetic matrix is a decision that should be supported by its knowledge. Nevertheless, do the youth know what nuclear energy is? What this kind of technology applications and implications are? To answer these questions, this project aims to analyze to what extent secondary schools are aware of nuclear technology and its applications, to verify whether there are the minimal necessary conditions for their interpretation and comprehension of related phenomena, as well as to analyze whether these students are able to critically opine on this subject. The methodology consists in using, as a data collection tool, a questionnaire applied to the students. For this purpose, the research field is constituted of the third year secondary school students, from public state schools, in the city of Sao Paulo. The data survey was restricted to schools belonging to three levels of classification, in the National Examination of Secondary Schools 2007. The questions proposed in the questionnaire were elaborated in considering what students, according to their age, were supposed to know concerning nuclear technology having as reference the 'Leis de Diretrizes e Bases da Educacao Nacional' (National Education Guidance Law), the 'Parametros Curriculares Nacionais' (National Curricula Parameters) and

  6. SEISMIC STUDY OF THE AGUA DE PAU GEOTHERMAL PROSPECT, SAO MIGUEL, AZORES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Phillip B.; Rodrigues da Silva, Antonio; Iyer, H.M.; Evans, John R.

    1985-01-01

    A 16 station array was operated over the 200 km**2 central portion of Sao Miguel utilizing 8 permanent Instituto Nacional de Meterologia e Geofisica stations and 8 USGS portable stations. Forty four local events with well constrained solutions and 15 regional events were located. In addition, hundreds of unlocatable seismic events were recorded. The most interesting seismic activity occurred in a swarm on September 6 and 7, 1983 when over 200 events were recorded in a 16 hour period. The seismic activity around Agua de Pau was centered on the east and northeast slopes of the volcano. The data suggest a boiling hydrothermal system beneath the Agua de Pau volcano, consistent with a variety of other data.

  7. Classification System and Information Services in the Library of SAO RAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shvedova, G. S.

    The classification system used at SAO RAS is described. It includes both special determinants from UDC (Universal Decimal Classification) and newer tables with astronomical terms from the Library-Bibliographical Classification (LBC). The classification tables are continually modified, and new astronomical terms are introduced. At the present time the information services of the scientists is fulfilled with the help of the Abstract Journal Astronomy, Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts, catalogues and card indexes of the library. Based on our classification system and The Astronomy Thesaurus completed by R.M. Shobbrook and R.R. Shobbrook the development of a database for the library has been started, which allows prompt service of the observatory's staff members.

  8. [Risk factors associated with overweight among adolescents from western Sao Paulo state].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Rômulo Aráujo; Conterato, Igor; Messias, Kelly Patrícia; Christofaro, Diego Giuliano Destro; de Oliveira, Arli Ramos; Freitas Júnior, Ismael Forte

    2009-12-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the association between being overweight and family risk factors in adolescents from Western Sao Paulo state. This cross-sectional study involved 1779 adolescents of both genders and with ages ranging between 11 and 17 years. The participants' body mass index was calculated, and the family risk factors were analyzed through a questionnaire. Excessive weight was associated with the male gender (CR = 1.55 [1.22-1.97]), studying in a private school (CR = 2.14 [1.56-2.94]) and mother's higher education (CR = 0.52 [0.33-0.83]). There is a need to implement initiatives to fight obesity in the school environment and reach the whole family structure, taking gender-related specificities into consideration.

  9. Coulthard, M. 1991. Linguagem e sexo. Sao Paulo: EditoraAtica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Buchweitz Garcez

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Discutir o sexo dos anjos podenio ser urn empreendimento tic intitil como sempre pareceu. Dessa forma, perguntar por que falamos de "Homens" quando nos referimos a toda a humanidade incluindo as mulheres ou perguntar por que afinal Deus 6 "ele", e nao "ela" ou "aquilo", significa refletir sobre as conseqiiencias para a sociedade da escolha (intencional? do genero masculino como o genero näo marcado. Significa, tambem, refletir sobre as linguagens faladas por homens e mulheres, se elas silo diferentes entre si e quais sic, as diferencas; e, uma vez constatadas as diferencas, refletir sobre como elas se manifestam, de onde vem e quais sao seas conseqUencias. Esse 6 objetivo de Malcolm Coulthard em Linguagem e Sexo: mostrar as diferencas lingufsticas relacionadas ao sexo do falante.

  10. Investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy assessment in Sao Joao do Cariri (SJC) - Paraiba, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Laerte; Filho, Celso

    2010-09-15

    In this study wind characterization and wind energy assessment of the Sao Joao do Cariri (SJC) in Paraiba state situated in Brazilian northeast. The average wind speed and temperature for 25 and 50 m were found 4,74m/s, 24,46C and 5,31m/s 24,25C with wind speed predominate direction of SSE (165 degrees). Weibull shape, scale ,Weibull fit wind speed and Power wind density found 2,54, 5,4m/s, 4,76m/s and 103W/m2 for 25m wind height measurements and 2,59, 6,0m/s, 5,36m/s and 145W/m2 for 50m wind height measurements.

  11. Green moon Festival de San Andrés: El regreso del Muntú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Perea Escobar

    1989-04-01

    Full Text Available San Andrés y Providencia comparten con el complejo afrocaribe los fantásticos y aterradores sucesos históricos antillanos. En la antigüedad constituían una especie de "despensa natural", inhabitada pero hospitalaria, de los indígenas misquitos, cuyo territorio comprendían la vastedad de las costas de Nicaragua y regiones aledañas. La "despensa", además, era compartida por quienes dominaban el escenario antes del asombro de Colón: los arawaks.

  12. Despedida al maestro Arturo Andrés Roig (1922 – 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Dussel

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En ocasión del fallecimiento de Arturo Andrés Roig (Doctor Honoris Causa por las Universidades Nacional de Río Cuarto, Argentina; Nacional de San Luis, Argentina; Autónoma de Managua, Nicaragua. Profesor Honorario en las Universidades Nacional del Comahue -Argentina-, y Andina Simón Bolívar -Ecuador- queremos sumarnos a la larga serie de homenajes que ha recibido. Para ello, reproducimos aquí tres memoriales dedicados al maestro por filósofos americanos.

  13. Etnic discrimination and income in San Andrés Island, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Yabrudy

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This document examines, bases on the analysis of observable characteristics, if an income gapexists between the raizal population and non raizal population of San Andres Island. For thispurpose, the information of the SISBEN II survey for the year 2004, compelled by the NationalPlanning Department (DNP, Spanish acronym is used. The methodological strategy uses quantileregressions to determine the existence of pay gaps throughout the distribution of income. Theresults suggest that being raizal has a negative impact on income for the lower quantiles. However,this difference vanishes as income increases, becoming positive at higher levels.

  14. Postharvest quality of tomato fruits cv. Andréa treated with ethylene

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline Andreuccetti; Marcos David Ferreira; Celso Luiz Moretti; Sylvio Luis Honório

    2007-01-01

    O tomate é uma das principais hortaliças cultivadas no Brasil e tratamentos que propiciem o controle do amadurecimento são extremamente desejáveis. Avaliou-se a qualidade pós-colheita de tomates tipo italiano tratados com etileno. Tomates 'Andréa' foram colhidos em campos de produção comercial no estádio verde-maduro, selecionados para presença de danos externos e classificados quanto ao tamanho e cor e posteriormente foram tratados com 100 µL L-1 de etileno. Os ensaios foram planejados com d...

  15. Bioseguridad y armas biológicas: La amenaza de Andrómeda (1971)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Angulo, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    La amenaza de Andrómeda es la adaptación cinematográfica de la obra homónima escrita por Michael Crichton. Puede considerarse como la película más “microbiológica” del Séptimo Arte. Dirigida por Robert Wise, este tecno-thriller describe los esfuerzos de un equipo de científicos para caracterizar y contener a un microorganismo patógeno extraterrestre. A pesar de haber sido realizada hace 40 años, se tratan temas de plena actualidad como es el de las armas biológicas, las medidas de aislamiento...

  16. Andres Bello and the Dissemination of Astronomy: Education and Scientific Rhetoric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Ramírez Errázuriz

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the astronomical texts written by Andres Bello between 1810 and 1848, from its educational nature to its rhetorical expression, suggesting that their main purpose was to show the advances in the field - in terms of knowledge production and also technology development- in order to improve the material and intellectual environment of the nation. It also stands that astronomy should be tought by activating creativity and imagination, which may be linked with Bello’s willing to avoid science and art develop apart from each other, keeping, in this case astronomy bonded with literature.

  17. Inventario de la fauna de hormigas de San Andrés Isla (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Fernando

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se registra por primera vez información parcial del inventario de las hormigas de San Andrés Isla. Se presenta a continuación un listado de los géneros y se proponen claves ilustradas para subfamilias, tribus y géneros. En total se encontraron 24 géneros: Azteca, Linepithema y Tapinoma de la subfamilia Dolichoderinae; Camponotus, Brachymyrmex y Paratrechina de Formicinae; Pseudomyrmex de Pseudomyrmecinae; Hypoponera, Leptogenys, Odontomachus, Pachycondyla y Platythyrea de Ponerinae; Ectatomma de Ectatomminae y de Myrmicinae: Cyphomyrmex, Wasmannia, Crematogaster, Pyramica, Strumigenys, Cardiocondyla, Pheidole, Monomorium, Solenopsis, Rogeria y Tetramorium.

  18. Localization and adiabatic pumping in a generalized Aubry-André-Harper model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fangli; Ghosh, Somnath; Chong, Y. D.

    2015-01-01

    A generalization of the Aubry-André-Harper (AAH) model is developed, containing a tunable phase shift between on-site and off-diagonal modulations. A localization transition can be induced by varying just this phase, keeping all other model parameters constant. The complete localization phase diagram is obtained. Unlike the original AAH model, the generalized model can exhibit a transition between topologically trivial band structures and topologically nontrivial band structures containing protected boundary states. These boundary states can be pumped across the system by adiabatic variations in the phase shift parameter. The model can also be used to demonstrate the phenomenon of adiabatic pumping breakdown due to localization.

  19. Freshwater gastropods in the Northern littoral mesoregion of Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Andrade de Souza

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the distribution of molluscs in Brazilhave been conducted since the beginning of the twentieth and the knowledge of the species distributed in the country represent important findings, which contribute to the understanding of human diseases and those of veterinary importance, transmitted by them. In order to verify the distribution of freshwater gastropods in Espírito Santo, a malacological surveywas carried out in nine municipalities that comprise the Northern mesoregion of the State, between January 2010 and February 2015. Initially the water collections occurring in the municipality were verified and the lotic systems at different levels of use and conservation were determined. Molluscs were collected monthly using a hand net adapted to a stick steel. An individual sample effort of 30 minutes was applied, by scanning, at about ten meters in each one of the selected habitats. A total of 6,000 specimens were collected, represented by genera Melanoides, Drepanotrema, Physa, Biomphalaria and Pomacea. Among the molluscs, some specimens were positive for flatworm larvae of medical and veterinary importance. The results contributed to the knowledge of the current distribution of freshwater gastropods in the Northern region of Espírito Santo whose the only record for the region dates back to 1983.

  20. Acceptance of Santo Giorno cheese typical of the Southwestern region of Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edimir Andrade Pereira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Santo Giorno cheese, obtained from raw milk and selected autochthonous starters, is emerging as the newest typical food product from the Southwestern region of Paraná, Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of the cheese with two ripening times of 60 and 180 days, produced in two dairy factories, testing two starters and two preservatives. Subjective sensory evaluation was applied using 129 consumers and hedonic scales for the attributes and for purchasing intent. A questionnaire involving the rate of cheese consumption was also used. The results suggested good reproducibility of the cheese preparation by the dairy factories, with no significant differences between the type of preservative used and the suitability of the two types of starter tested. An inverse relationship between hedonic scores for attributes (appearance, color, odor, texture, flavor and ripening time was observed, except for texture. By applying multinomial logistic regression and a box plot analysis, a significant effect of age on cheese purchasing intent was verified, with a mean acceptance rate of 87.8% for 60 days ageing and 81.8% for 180 days ageing. Results revealed a possible Santo Giorno cheese public of older consumers who had a cheese consuming habit.

  1. Santos negros nas Américas na crise do Antigo Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline dos Santos Guedes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Os objetos de estudo deste ensaio são a irmandade de São Baltasar em Buenos Aires e a irmandade de São Elesbão e Santa Efigênia no Rio de Janeiro de fins do século XVIII até princípios do século XIX. Ambas as instituições têm majoritariamente associados negros e contam também com santos negros como patronos. Observe-se a importância da apropriação da religião católica por estes afrodescendentes e o papel que esses “santos de cor” exercem no cotidiano desta população restrita de direitos devido à sua ascendência africana. As irmandades são instituições de suma importância na dinâmica colonial, então os negros se inserem nessas instituições ou criam suas próprias, muitas vezes na tentativa de penetrar no mundo social das colônias, ganhando maior visibilidade.

  2. Santo remedio o la lógica de la realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Pastor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia Santo remedio, novela publicada por el escritor uruguayo Rafael Courtoisie en 2006, desde la perspectiva de diferentes teorías sobre la posmodernidad (Lyotard, Jameson. Una vez establecido el marco teórico que nos aportará las claves esenciales para enriquecer su interpretación, nos centraremos en el análisis de la obra, poniendo especial énfasis en sus particularidades estructurales y formales, marcadas por la influencia de los géneros audiovisuales. Por último, se ilustrará su potencial simbólico para mostrar la lógica que rige el universo narrativo de Courtoisie, caracterizado por la violencia y la fragmentación. This article aims to study Santo Remedio, novel published by the Uruguayan writer Rafael Courtoisie in 2006, from the perspective of different theories of postmodernism (Lyotard, Jameson. Once we have the theoretical framework that will give us the essential keys to enrich the interpretation, we focus on the analysis of the work, with emphasis on structural and formal characteristics, marked by the influence of audiovisual genres. Finally, we will illustrate its symbolic potential to show the logic that governs the narrative universe of Courtoisie, characterized by violence and fragmentation.

  3. Mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Lofego Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available To study mortality from liver cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, we reviewed death certificates (DC from 2000-2010 and medical records of deceased patients with investigation of alcoholism and hepatitis B or C. From a total of 218,410 DC, 3,554 deaths from liver cirrhosis were retrieved. The annual mortality rate was 19.8/100,000 for men and 4.31/100,000 for women, without significant changes after correction for ICD-R98 and R99 and without a significant increase in the annual percentage change. In 49% of death certificates, the aetiology of cirrhosis was defined: of these alcoholism in 81.5% of cases and viral hepatitis in 15.7%. Aetiology was confirmed in 262 reviewed records, including alcoholism (40.5%; hepatitis B or C (26.7%; other (3.8%; and cryptogenic (10.6%. The mean annual potential years of life lost were 5,946 years and 1,739 years for men and women respectively. The mortality rate from cirrhosis in Espírito Santo State is intermediate in relationship to worldwide data; alcoholism and hepatitis B or C were the main aetiologies; probably alcoholism is overestimated and hepatitis B and C viruses are underestimated as causes of cirrhosis registered on death certificates.

  4. POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS URBANAS: o caso do centro de Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André da Rocha Santos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article evaluates the process of the urban revitalization center of Santos. Its ́ analysis object is the Centro, Paquetá, Vila Nova, Valongo and part of Vila Mathias neighborhoods. Its ́ objective is to describe the mentioned process since the approval of the 1998 Managing Plan until the current days. The introduction points out the municipal public power ́s and planning secretariat ́s role in the conduction of the public policies involving these areas. The second section of this article analyses certain aspects of the "Alegra Centro Program" which ́s objective is to support the enterprises implantation and the functioning activities directed to commerce and the tourism, among the evaluation of the urban landscape and the cultural local patrimony. The third part of this paper deals with the public power ́s projects and interventions developed and spread through marketing actions. This article ́s fourth section shows the general housing matter in the central area and its ́ precarious situation. Finally, the conclusion evaluates the process of urban revitalization of the Brazilian city of Santos and the city ́s habitation policies.

  5. Epidemiologia da poxvirose bovina no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirlei Molinari Donatele

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiological data of bovine poxviruses in the State of Espírito Santo during the years 2002 to 2005. The sample consisted of 28 properties that produce cow's milk in 08 cities from the South of the State, in wich were present cases of bonive pustulo-vesicular disease between 2002 august to 2005 may. The bovine disease was found in 10,2% to 100% of the properties with a mean of 52,7%. Throughout virus isolation techniques and PCR of the Timidin Kinase gene, an Orthopoxivirus was identified as the etiological agent of the bovine viruses. All the properties reported economic losts related to a decrease in milk production. The bovine poxviruses assumed an epidemic feature in the South of the State of Espírito Santo promoting a big economic impact and representing an important public health worry as an occupational zoonosis mainly for the milkers. Thus, based on the obtained data, policy and sanitary statements, and educational strategies, were applied in the properties in order to stop the disease dissemination over the neighbor cities.

  6. SANTO AGOSTINHO: FÉ E RAZÃO NA BUSCA DA VERDADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Paolozzi Sérvulo da Cunha

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As reflexões de Santo Agostinho sobre as relações entre fé e razão deixam como legado para a Idade Média um programa intelectual que os medievais irão desenvolver. Do significado da fé e razão em Santo Agostinho passa-se à sua meta, a busca da verdade (se ela pode ser alcançada ou não e compreensão da revelação. Chega-se então à explicitação da passagem de Gênesis 1, 26: assim como Deus é Trindade, a essência da alma é trinitária (memória, inteligência, vontade. Discorre-se, finalmente, sobre a posse da verdade. ABSTRACT: St. Augustine’s reflections on the relationship between faith and reason leave as a legacy to the Middle Ages an intellectual program that the medieval thinkers will develop. The meaning of faith and reason in St. Augustine goes on to its target, the search for the truth (if it can be achieved or not and understanding of revelation. Then comes the explanation of the passage from Genesis 1:26, just as God is Trinity, the essence of the soul is Trinitarian (memory, intelligence, intention. In conclusion, the article talks about the possession of truth.

  7. Panorama da fruticultura no Espírito Santo – Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Marques Teixeira Silva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A fruticultura é um mercado que vem já há alguns anos com um grande potencial tanto nacional quanto capixaba. Diante da situação, este trabalho tem o objetivo de apresentar um panorama da fruticultura no Espírito Santo, posicionando-a no cenário nacional. A partir do estudo da produção científica e de informações sobre o assunto, foi elaborada uma revisão bibliográfica a respeito do desenvolvimento da fruticultura capixaba. O setor de fruticultura está entre os principais geradores de renda, emprego e de desenvolvimento rural do estado. Na fruticultura agroecológica, tem-se como futuro desejável a expansão e a diversificação da atividade no Espírito Santo, com qualidade e competitividade. Contudo, a plena realização do potencial produtivo e social da fruticultura depende de uma melhor organização do setor, da modernização da comercialização e de incentivos para a inovação tecnológica e agregação de valor.

  8. Archaeometric studies in the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azevedo, Renata L.; Asfora, Viviane K.; Ribeiro, Guilherme B.; Ferreira, Joao Victor C.; Khoury, Helen J. [Department of Nuclear Energy, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Sullasi, Henry S.L. [Department of Archeology, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Rego, Nuno Jose S.; Mello, Jose Aylton C. de [Nucleo de Integracao Social e Pesquisa - NISPE, Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to characterize the tiles placed on the walls of the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio (Recife-PE) and to obtain information about the several expansions and structural reforms performed on the convent by dating the bricks. For this purpose, a portable energy dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to characterize the tiles. The dating of the bricks was performed using the Thermoluminescence (TL) technique. The results of the EDXRF analysis show that the dominant component of the white pigment is Lead [2PbCO{sub 3}.Pb (OH){sub 2}], used since the ancient times until the twentieth century, while the dominant element of the blue pigment is Cobalt (CoO.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), that has been used from 1807 until nowadays. The TL dating of bricks indicate that there were walls with different periods of construction, being one built around 1765, with a deviation of 28 years, whereas other was built later, around 1874, with a deviation of 15 years. These results provide new data towards understanding how and when the Recife Franciscan Convent of Santo Antonio was designed and built, contributing to other research works presently underway on site. (author)

  9. Population features of Hoplosternum littorale (Hancock, 1828 (Siluriformes, Callichthyidae at Santo Anastacio Reservoir, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco D. do Nascimento Chaves

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The length-weight relationship and condition factor of fish are indicators of physiological well-being and may be related to reproduction and feeding periods. These attributes were evaluated for a population of Hoplosternum littorale sampled in the Santo Anastácio Reservoir (Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. Materials and methods. One hundred and fifty-five specimens were collected with gillnets between October 2009 and March 2010, and standard length (cm, total weight (g, sex and gonadal maturation stage were registered. Results. The observed length-weight relationship indicated negative allometric adjustment (2.72. Only seventy individuals were evaluated for the condition factor analysis, sexual determination and gonadal state classification. Condition factor values peaked in November and plummeted in February, no statistical differences in sex ratio (χ²=13.683; p=0.057 were observed. Mature females were collected throughout the study period. Conclusions. The results indicate that the population of H. littorale in the Santo Anastácio reservoir presents growth deficiency and changes in reproductive strategy in this hypereutrophic environment.

  10. Tectonics and sedimentation of the central sector of the Santo Onofre rift, north Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Fernanda Costa

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The Santo Onofre Group registers the filling of a Tonian, intracontinental paleo-rift that developed along the northern and central Espinhaço regions. This paper examines this unit in the central Espinhaço region with stratigraphic analysis and U-Pb geochronology, reviewing and dividing into the Canatiba and Rio Peixe Bravo Formations, which include the Barrinha Member. The Canatiba Formation mainly comprises carbon-rich mudstones that were deposited through low-density turbidity flows that alternated with sediment settling under anoxic conditions. The Rio Peixe Bravo Formation consists of a succession of sandstones and minor mudstones, which were deposited through low- to high-density turbidity flows. The Barrinha Member mainly consists of conglomerates and is related to channelized debris flows. Detrital zircon grains show maximum depositional ages of 930 ± 33 Ma and around 865 Ma for the Canatiba and Rio Peixe Bravo Formations, respectively. We interpret the Santo Onofre rifting to be relative younger than that for the Sítio Novo Group and to be a precursor stage of the glacial and post-glacial rift-to-passive margin-related sequences of the Macaúbas Group. The lithostratigraphic term “Macaúbas Supergroup” would be of better use to accommodate the unconformity-bounded Tonian sequences that were related to the Rodinia breakup in the Congo-São Francisco paleocontinent.

  11. Thin-skinned gravitational transfer zone in the Southern part of Santos basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demercian, Luis Santiago; Szatmari, Peter [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    The sedimentary sequence of the Santos Basin is structured mainly by salt tectonics, with limited contribution of basement involved tectonics. The ductility of the salt, which permits it to flow at low pressures and temperatures, is well known; interaction between the ductile behavior o the salt and the brittle behavior of the overlying sediments controls salt tectonics. Gliding and gravity spreading over the salt produce a good variety of structures such as listric faults with rollovers, salt walls, folds and thrusts. These structures are not evenly distributed in the Santos Basin but define distinct Salt Tectonic Provinces (Demercian and Szatmari, 1993; Demercian and Szatmari, 1993; Demercian, 1993), each with its characteristic pattern of flow and structure. The limits between these Provinces are always parallel to the main direction of flow at that location; they are nearly and abrupt, satisfying the criteria of transfer zones. Three such transfer zones have been defined: those of Ilha Grande, Merluza, and Tubarao. Below we are going to focus on the Tubarao Transfer Zone that divides the Southern and Southwestern Provinces of the basin (S and SW). It os worth nothing that our interest in identifying and analyzing these transfer zones derived from their providing long, nearly vertical fault planes which may act as important pathways in hydrocarbon migration and hence deserve the attention of explorationists. (author)

  12. Religiosidad en Al-Andalus: el hombre santo en el Islam occidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Mediano, Fernando

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Hagiographical literature in Western Islam is abundant from the 12th-13th centuries onward, and is tied to the introduction and expansión of sufism in al-Andalus and Morocco. In this paper I analyse three hagiographical texts from al-Andalus in order to understand how the authority of a holy man is constructed from two perspectives: fear of his miraculous power and love inspired in his followers. Through these two passions, love and fear, one can infer the existence of a political and religious pattern for authoritarian relationships in Western Islam.Los siglos XII y XIII son fundamentales para la expansión del sufismo en el Occidente musulmán y para la creación de una tradición hagiográfica puramente magrebí. En este artículo se utilizan tres textos hagiográficos andalusíes de esa época para analizar cómo se construye la autoridad del hombre santo desde una doble perspectiva: la del miedo a la acción del santo y la del amor que inspira. A través de estas pasiones se puede rastrear la existencia de un modelo de autoridad que es a la vez religioso y político.

  13. ELISABETH DE SCHÓNAU: AUTORIDAD VISIONARIA Y LA PRESENCIA DE LOS SANTOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Eugenia Góngora

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo quiero explorar algunas características de Elisabeth de Schónau( 1129-1164 como escritora visionaria, y mostrar cómo su obra sobre el martirio de Santa Úrsula, el Liber revelationum Elisabeth de sacro exercitu virginum Coloniensium (Libro de las revelaciones de Elisabeth sobre el santo ejército de vírgenes de Colonia, escrita después de 1156 y ampliamente leída y difundida entre sus contemporáneos, puede ilustrar algunos usos de la autoridad visionaria en el ámbito del culto a los santos y sus reliquiasIn this essay I would like to explore the visionary writings of Elisabeth of Schbnau (1129-1164 and to show how her work on Saint Ursula's martyrdom in Cologne, the Liber revelationum Elisabeth de sacro exercitu virginum Coloniensium (The book of Revelations on the sacred army of Cologne, written after 1156 and very widely read among her contemporaries, can illustrate some uses of visionary authority in the context of the cult of the saints and their relics

  14. Ethno-malacological knowledge of bivalve mollusks gathering in Acupe mangrove, Santo Amaro, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Bezerra Souto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The mangrove is a highly productive ecosystem that carries out important ecological functions and that historically it has been used for the subsistence and income of countless craft fishing communities. In the mangroves of Todos os Santos Bay, including those of the District of Acupe (Santo Amaro – Bahia State, the bivalve mollusks (shellfish are among the most important resources, and their gathering is known as “mariscagem”. This work aims to characterize the knowledge of the local female shellfish gatherers regarding the biology and ecology of bivalve shellfish. Semi-structured interviews were used with local shellfish women (N=54 involving ethnotaxonomy, trophic ecology, hydrodynamics, fenology and ethnocronology. Etic-emic analisys of the data was chosen in order to compare the information obtained in the field to that from the academic literature. The results demonstrated that the shellfish women of Acupe have a significant knowledge of bivalve shellfish, in addition to aspects related to the dynamics of local mangroves, that is sometimes compatible with academic knowledge.

  15. Application of INAA to provenance study of ceramics from Baixo Sao Francisco River, Sergipe, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, J.O. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Sergipe (CEFET-SE/UNED Lagarto), Aracaju, SE (Brazil)]. E-mail: josantos@ipen.br; Munita, C.S.; Toyota, Rosimeiri G. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mails: camunita@ipen.br; rosimeiritoy@yahoo.com.br; Vergne, C. [Museu de Arqueologia de Xingo (MAX), SE (Brazil)]. E-mail: Max@ufs.br

    2007-07-01

    The study of the physical and chemical characteristics of crafts, in association with historical and archaeological research, has allowed for the reconstruction of ancient community habits. Archaeological studies include several techniques to reconstruct ancient cultures. Since ceramics represent a sophisticated merging of previously separate domains of human knowledge and experience, these objects are studied by means of archaeometric methods. In recent years an interdisciplinary research program was started between Museu Arqueologico de Xingo (MAX) and Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP) to study the ancient ceramist cultures from Xingo region, located in Sergipe, Brazilian Northeast. Recent studies conducted in the area have showed the existence of an independent ceramist group without relation to the ceramist group well established in the Brazilian Northeast, Tupiguarani and Aratu. Instrumental neutron activation analysis, INAA, is a suitable technique for provenance studies. In this work the chemical composition of 103 samples: 30 clays and 73 ceramics from Barracao archaeological site, from Baixo Sao Francisco, were analyzed. This analysis allowed for the definition of compositional groups of ceramics according to the chemical similarities of ceramic paste, which reveals the raw material composition used in the manufacturing process by prehistoric man. The outliers were identified by means robust Mahalanobis distance. The results were interpreted by means of cluster analysis, principal components analysis and discriminant analysis. The results obtained in this work, in association with archaeological information, allowed for the identification of the ceramic groups in relation to the ceramist occupations of the Xingo area. This work contributes for the reconstruction of the Baixo Sao Francisco region communities and for the reconstitution of the Brazilian Northeast ceramist population. (author)

  16. Pb-210 deposition measured in rainfall in Sao Paulo, SP-Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damatto, Sandra R.; Frujuele, Jonatan V.; Souza, Joseilton M.; Santos, Levi F., E-mail: damatto@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Radiometria Ambiental

    2013-07-01

    Pb-210 (T{sub 1/2} = 22.3 y), a natural radionuclide from U-238 serie can be found in the atmosphere, as a product of {sup 222}Rn decay that emanates from the ground, where its atoms become rapidly fixed to aerosols and return to the earth as dry fallout or are washed out in the rain. This natural radionuclide has been widely used as an atmospheric tracer, to determine the aerosol residence time as well as chronometers in the environment. Pb-210 was measured during a period of two years, 2011 to 2013, in samples of rainfall in all the rainy events that occurred at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN) campus (23 deg 33’59.24” S - 46 deg 44’15.63” O at 760 m above sea level) which is located in the city of Sao Paulo, in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Pb-210 concentration was measured in a total of 123 rainy events by beta gross counting in a low background gas flow proportional detector, after radiochemistry procedure. The results obtained were correlated to seasons and rainfall. The concentrations of {sup 210}Pb in rainfall varied from the minimum detectable activity, 4.9 mBq L{sup -1} to 1408± 43 mBq L{sup -1}. The highest concentrations were obtained in the months of winter and the lowest in summer. The monthly depositional flux of {sup 210}Pb, varied from 4.03 Bq m{sup -2} month{sup -1} to 46.4 Bq m{sup -2} month{sup -1}presenting a strong correlation with the amount of precipitation and hence showing seasonal trends. (author)

  17. Be-7 measured at ground air level and rainfall in the city of Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damatto, Sandra R.; Souza, Joseilton M.; Frujuele, Jonatan V.; Maduar, Marcelo F.; Leonardo, Lucio; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: damatto@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Radiometria Ambiental

    2013-07-01

    The cosmogenic radionuclide {sup 7}Be (T{sub 1/2} = 53.3 d), produced in the upper atmosphere by cosmic ray spallation of oxygen and nitrogen, is one of the cosmogenic radionuclides that can be used as tracer for heavy metals and pollutants in the environment, tracer of soil erosion and sedimentation in lakes, among other examples. Their subsequent deposition to the land surface occurs as both wet and dry fallout, although it has been demonstrated that {sup 7}Be fallout is primarily associated with precipitation. There is limited data on the concentration of {sup 7}Be in rainfall and in particulate in the Southern Hemisphere and in Brazil, compared with data from the Northern Hemisphere. This paper presents the results obtained of {sup 7}Be concentrations measured from April 2011 to June 2013, in samples of air at ground level, each fifteen days, and rainfall in all the rainy events that occurred at Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), which has its campus located in the city of Sao Paulo, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The concentrations of {sup 7}Be were measured by non-destructive gamma-ray spectrometry using an extended range closed-end coaxial Be-layer HPGe detector with 25% relative efficiency and associated electronic devices and live counting time varying from 100,000 s to 300,000 s. The results obtained of {sup 7}Be in particulate and in rainfall were correlated to seasons, precipitation, temperature and sunspot number. The higher values obtained for the concentrations were in spring and summer time presenting good correlations with the amount of precipitation and sunspot number and a clear seasonal variation. (author)

  18. Historical accumulation of Trace elements in sediment cores from Tiete river, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damatto, S.; Rocha, F.; Baumgardt, D.; Martins, L.; Silva, P.; Favaro, D. [IPEN-CNEN (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    Tiete River, with 1100 km of extension, is one of the most economically important river of the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil and throughout its length can be found reservoirs formed by damming its waters. This river is considered one of the most polluted rivers in the world, especially when it passes through the city of Sao Paulo. As a result of pollution observed since the 1950's, a project was established with the aim of evaluating the historic concentration of the trace elements As, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, La, Lu, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Tb, Th, U, Yb and Zn (mg.kg{sup -1}), in sediment cores dated by {sup 210}Pb method, sampled is several points of the river, since its source in Salesopolis up the mouth, on the Parana River. This work presents the results obtained by the trace elements above determined in two sediment cores collected in reservoirs in the city of Salesopolis and Pirapora do Bom Jesus. The analytical techniques used for the analysis were instrumental neutron activation analysis and gross beta measurement, respectively. The results obtained for the elements Br, Ce, Cr, Cs, Eu, Nd, Sb, Sm, Th and U are higher than the values of Upper Continental Crust and the sedimentation rate obtained for the reservoir in Salesopolis, 1.53 cm.y{sup -1}, suggest silting processes. The enrichment factor and the geo-accumulation index were used to assess the presence of anthropogenic sources of pollution. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  19. Chronological study archaeological sites from Caninde do Sao Francisco, Sergipe state, Brazil, by thermo thermoluminescence technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Jose Osman dos; Munita, Casimiro S. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: josantos@ipen.br; Valerio, Mario E. Giroldo [Sergipe Univ., Aracaju, SE (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica]. E-mail: mvalerio@fisica.ufs.br; Vergne, Maria C. de Souza [Sergipe Univ., Sao Cristovao, SE (Brazil). Museu de Arqueologico de Xingo]. E-mail: cvergne@programa-xingo.gov.br

    2005-07-01

    The ceramic vestiges rescued in the archaeological excavations have been considered important sources of chronological information because they constitute direct fossil of certain cultural periods. The Thermoluminescence Method for dating of inorganic materials has made the determination of ancient ceramics ages possible with adequate precision and accuracy. The intensity of the thermoluminescence emission is proportional to the energy deposited in the crystals, present in the pottery, by means of natural radioisotope material irradiation (U, Th, K and Rb) and cosmic rays. With the objective of determining the chronological profile of archaeological sites from 'Xingo', situated in the Caninde do Sao Francisco city, Sergipe State, Brazilian Northeast, the ages of 4 pottery samples from Justino, Sao Jose, Saco da Onca and Curituba sites were determined in this work. The ceramic collection has great expression because many ceramics are associated to mortuary rites. The acquisition of the site chronology studied in this work is a contribution to studies of ancient communities that lived in the region. The additive dose method was used to determine of the paleodose in the samples, and the TL response of 320 deg C peak as function of the added dose was linear. The annual dose rate was determined by means of the instrumental neutron activation analysis, using the U, Th, K and RB concentration from soil and own sample, which yielded an average annual dose rate of 2.89 {+-} 0.33 mGy.yr{sup -1}. Using of the paleodose and annual dose rate, the ages were determined which remained between 457 - 3716 BP, value which matches with the results obtained by carbon - 14 method in the sample from burned charcoal in Justino site. (author)

  20. Food group contribution of essential elements of the Sao Paulo State market basket

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avegliano, Roseane P.; Maihara, Vera A., E-mail: pagliaro@usp.b, E-mail: vmaihara@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Silva, Fabio F. da, E-mail: ffsusp@uol.com.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Matematica e Estatistica. Empresa Junior de Informatica, Matematica e Estatistica

    2009-07-01

    To establish a Market Basket of Sao Paulo state seventy-one foods, with a mean consumption of more than 2 g day{sup -1} per person, were grouped into 30 food categories. The food groups were: cereals, leguminous, leafy vegetables, fruity vegetables, tuberous vegetables, tropical fruits, other fruits, flours, pastas, breads, biscuits, prime grade beef, standard grade beef, pork meats, other meats, poultry, milk/cream, other dairy products, sugars, sweets, salts, sauces, oils, fats, alcoholic beverages, non-alcoholic beverages, coffee, ready-made dishes, saltwater and freshwater fishes. Information about individual food consumption was obtained from a recent national household food budget survey 'POF 2002-2003' conducted by the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics from July 2002 to June 2003. Sampling and kitchen preparation of foods were carried out in restaurants of the University of Sao Paulo. Each food item was individually prepared table-ready. Foods of the same group were mixed, homogenized, pulverized and analyzed for the determination of Ca, Cr, Fe, K, Na and Zn concentrations by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis. Average daily intake of each element was calculated by multiplying the element concentration in the food by the corresponding weight of the ready-to-consume food group. The contribution of each food group to the total daily intake of elements by the ready-to-consume food groups of the Market Basket was evaluated. The food groups representing the highest contributions were salts: 79% Na; breads: 37% Fe and 46% Cr; cereals: 19% Zn and milk/cream: 58% Ca and 24% K. (author)

  1. O conhecimento sobre morcegos (Chiroptera: Mammalia do estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poliana Mendes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A Ordem Chiroptera apresenta importância relevante na dinâmica dos ecossistemas, sendo a ordem de mamíferos com maior diversidade de hábitos de vida. Dentre os estados da região Sudeste do Brasil, o Espírito Santo é um dos mais carentes em relação ao conhecimento de morcegos. Este estudo sintetizou o estado do conhecimento sobre quirópteros gerado no Espírito Santo. Para isso, foram catalogados os morcegos depositados no Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, no Laboratório de Estudos de Quirópteros da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario Museum (ROM, American Museum of Natural History (AMNH e University of Michigan Museum Zoology (UMMZ. Além disso, foi realizada uma busca por artigos publicados sobre morcegos do Espírito Santo. Foram revistos 49 artigos científicos, realizadas três teses de mestrado e 11 monografias. Considerando as coleções amostradas e artigos publicados totalizam-se 63 espécies de morcegos para o estado, provenientes de 37 dos 78 municípios do Espírito Santo. A maior riqueza de espécies de morcegos foi encontrada nos municípios de Linhares e Santa Teresa, o que é provavelmente reflexo da maior parte dos espécimes depositados nos museus também serem desses municípios. O Espírito Santo apresenta um grande potencial para se encontrar novas ocorrências de espécies, enfatizando a importância da realização de futuros estudos sobre morcegos no estado.The Order Chiroptera plays a vital role in ecosystem dynamics. Among the states of Southeastern Brazil, Espírito Santo State is the one with the least known bat fauna. This study reports on the current state of knowledge on Espírito Santo bats generating this data bank. We have catalogued the bats deposited in the Biology Museum Prof. Mello Leitão (MBML, Laboratory of Bat Studies of the Federal University of Espírito Santo (LABEQ, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ, Royal Ontario

  2. Le journal de José Santos Vargas (1814-1825. 2: deux manuscrits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available L’existence de deux manuscrits différents du Journal de José Santos Vargas conduit à s’interroger sur la véracité de l’auteur. La comparaison entre les deux textes incite à attribuer le premier à une rédaction très proche de la fin de la guerre, et le second à un travail de collecte et de réécriture qui s’est étalé sur près de 30 ans. Entre le premier et le second manuscrit, se manifeste le changement du projet d’écriture de l’auteur qui évolue d’une conception individuelle de l’œuvre à l’idée de faire du Journal le recueil de toutes les traces de la guerre conservées dans les Vallées, et de le transformer en mémoire patriotique d’un microcosme provincial. EL DIARIO DE JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: DOS MANUSCRITOS. La existencia de dos manuscritos distintos del Diario del guerrillero José Santos Vargas incita a dudar de la veracidad del autor. La comparación entre los dos textos permite atribuir al primero una redacción próxima al fin de la guerra, mientras el segundo resulta de un trabajo de recolección y de reescritura que duró cerca de treinta años. Entre el primer y el segundo manuscrito, se manifiesta un cambio de proyecto de escritura por parte del autor que evoluciona de una concepción individualista de la obra hacia la idea de transformar el Diario en el compendio de todas las huellas de la guerra que se habían conservado en los Valles, transformándole en memoria patriótica de un microcosmos provincial. THE DIARY OF JOSÉ SANTOS VARGAS (1814-1825 - 2: TWO MANUSCRIPTS. The existence of two different manuscripts of the guerilla leader José Santos Vargas's Diary raises doubts about the truthfulness of the author. After comparing the two texts, it is possible to situate the writing of the first version in the time just after the war and the second version during a thirty year period in which testimonies and information were collected, and then rewritten. A change in the writing project of

  3. Literatura y filosofía: Sartre, Martín-Santos y Bartleby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Martín Santos has been, after his soon death, one of the most unfairly forgotten Spanish intellectuals. This situation happens to be even more unjust considering the success of his novel “Time of Silence” and his unfinished “Time of Destruction”. The works of this psychiatrist, philosophically formed in the existentialism tradition, tackle from psychiatric and medical studies to interpretations of Dilthey, Jaspers and Heidegger. Maybe the most important achievement made by Dr. Martín-Santos was the fact of pooling in his novels all the different fields he worked in, namely: existential philosophy, psychiatry and literature. This mutual influence leads to a clearly existential interpretation of the narrative subject and to a nihilist conception of freedom: the nothingness completely understood as Sartre did. And, consequently, the attractiveness of approaching the Spanish author through literary theories that are close to the French contemporary philosophy and the primacy, not only of the existential analysis in literature, but also of the influence of the literary character as a fiction that is able to create possible realities. That is why it is interesting to study “Bartleby the Scrivener” as a paradoxical example of the existential nothingness made flesh. To put it in a nutshell, the existential triviality, a sign of modern times, has been indeed very successfully portrayed by Martín-Santos.Luis Martín-Santos ha sido, tras su temprana muerte, uno de los grandes olvidados entre los intelectuales españoles del franquismo. Olvido especialmente injusto, teniendo en cuenta el éxito de su novela Tiempo de Silencio y su interesante proyecto inacabado Tiempo de Destrucción. La obra de este psiquiatra formado filosóficamente en el existencialismo abarca desde trabajos psiquiátricos relativos a la medicina hasta interpretaciones de Dilthey, Jaspers y Heidegger. Tal vez el mayor logro de Martín- Santos fuera el de aunar en sus

  4. La orden de caballería del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio MARTÍNEZ TEIXIDÓ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La orden del Santo Sepulcro nace en Jerusalén el año 1099, poco después de que fuera conquistada la ciudad por Godofredo de Bouillon durante la Primera Cruzada. Este caudillo borgoñón, tras ser aceptado como protector del Santo Sepulcro, organizó un servicio religioso con canónigos del clero regular, a cuyo frente nombró a un prior. Creó asimismo una guardia de honor con caballeros cruzados que prestaron voto de obediencia con el juramento de consagrar su vida a la defensa del Santo Sepulcro.La orden del Santo Sepulcro se distinguió por unir el carácter militar de sus caballeros con el religioso de sus canónigos. Los caballeros, bajo la obediencia del patriarca latino de Jerusalén, prior general de la orden, concretaron su organización durante el reinado de Balduino I (1100-1118.Tras la caída de Sanjuan de Acre (1291, los caballeros y canónigos de la orden se dispersaron por los reinos europeos que manteníano prioratos. El papa Inocencio VIII en el año 1489 incorporó la orden con todos sus bienes a los Hospitalarios de San Juan, pero siete años después el papa Alejandro VI anuló dicha decisión.A partir de entonces surgieron diversas iniciativas para revitalizar la orden, especialmente en el año 1558 en el que se ofreció a Felipe II de España el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden. La última tentativa se produce en 1818, al autoproclamarse Luis XVIII de Francia soberano y protector del Santo Sepulcro. En el año 1847, resurge la orden cuando el papa Pío IX restaura el Patriarcado Latino de Jerusalén y concede al patriarca el Gran Maestrazgo de la orden.ABSTRACT: In 1099, after the capture of Jerusalem, and the establishment of the Crusader Kingdom, there was a distinct corps of professed Knights dedicated to the defence of the newly won territory. Godfrey of Bouillon created an «honour guard» for the Holy Sepulchre. It was a unique combination of ecclesiastical and military elements closely related to free the Holy

  5. Postsotsialismist vaatemängulinna = From Post-Socialism to the City of the Spectacle / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Büroo Alver Trummal Arhitektid töödest, Andres Alverist ja Tiit Trummalist. Ärihoonest Tallinnas Rävala pst. 4. Autorid: Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht, Indrek Rünkla, Ulla Mets, Sven Koppel. Konstruktor Eido Uustalu (Eesti Projekt). Projekt 2001, valmis 2006. City Plazast Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 2. Autorid: A. Alver, T. Trummal, T. Laht, I. Rünkla, Martin Melioranski, U. Mets. Konstruktor: Tiit Masso, Pike Projekt. Sisekujundus (fuajeed, restoran): Pille Lausmäe. Projekt 2001, valmis 2004. Lõige, põhiplaan, 3 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  6. O "messias" negro? Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-1978: "Viva a nova monarquia brasileira; Viva Dom Pedro III !" The black "messiah"? Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-1978: "Hurrah to the new Brazilian monarchy; Hurrah to Dom Pedro III !"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrônio Domingues

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste artigo é fazer breves apontamentos acerca da biografia pessoal, política e intelectual de Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-78, uma das principais lideranças negras na primeira metade do século XX. Abordaremos centralmente seu ativismo político e postulados ideológicos à frente do movimento negro e monarquista, consubstanciado pela Frente Negra Brasileira (1931-37 e Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira (1932-37;1945-64, respectivamente. Para finalizar, ventilamos a hipótese de que Veiga dos Santos reifica a tradição de um setor da população negra brasileira manter, no período republicano, simpatia pela monarquia.The proposal of this article is to make briefs commentaries concerning the personal, politics and intellectual biography of Arlindo Veiga dos Santos (1902-78, one of the main black leaderships in the first half of the 20th century. First, it is supposed to approach his political fight and ideological postulates in front of the black and monarchist movement, helped by the Frente Negra Brasileira (1931-37 and the Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira (1932-37;1945-64, respectively. Later, we ventilate the hypothesis that Veiga dos Santos quotes the tradition that part of the Brazilian black population seems to keep in the republican period, affection for the monarchy.

  7. La astronomía de un humanista, Juan Andrés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio SANDUVETE CHAVES

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La páginas que siguen pretenden ofrecer una visión de conjunto del análisis que de la historia de la Astronomía realiza Juan Andrés, desde los orígenes de la humanidad hasta el siglo XVIII. Este análisis, incluido en su monumental obra Origen, progresos y estado actual de toda la literatura, destaca por su modernidad y precisión, constituyendo, por tanto, una interesante base de comparación entre la visión de la ciencia astronómica del humanismo ilustrado y la que pervive en la actualidad.ABSTRACT: The following pages attempt to offer a full view of the research into the history of astronomy made by Juan Andrés, from the beginning of human culture until the 18th century. This analysis, included in a broader work called Origen, progresos y estado de toda la literatura, stands out on account of its modern and precise ideas, thus representing an interesting knowledge base for comparing the view of astronomy during the Enlightenment with that of the present.

  8. História e Narrativa: um Ensaio Hermenêutico nas Confissões de Santo Agostinho

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudia Beltrão da Rosa

    2014-01-01

    Explorando o laço estrutural entre a historiografia e a narrativa de ficção, no artigo busca-se uma aproximação da análise do círculo hermenêutico entre temporalidade e narratividade, demonstrado a partir da teoria do tempo de Santo Agostinho em suas Confissões.

  9. Migration Patterns, Densities, and Growth of Neritina punctulata Snails in Rio Espiritu Santo and Rio Mameyes, Northeastern Puerto Rico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MARK PYRON; ALAN P. COVICH

    2003-01-01

    Snail size-frequency distributions in Rios Espiritu Santo and Mameyes, which drain the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, showed that Neritina punctulata with shell lengths greater than 30 mm were the most abundant size class at upstream sites. The highest densities for all size classes were at the downstream sites. Growth rates were 0.015 mm/day for a large...

  10. Structural control of the basement in the central portion of the Santos Basin-Brazil; Controle estrutural do embasamento na porcao central da Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izeli, Maira G.B.; Morales, Norberto; Souza, Iata A. de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    New discoveries of oil in deep water and ultra-deep water in Santos Basin suggest that it needs to be studied to better understanding of basement structures and their role in the basin control and configuration. This study characterizes the main tectonic structures of a portion at the central area of this basin, looking for their relation to the geological basement framework. The study is based on the integration of the geological and geophysical data from subsurface (offshore) and surface of the adjacent continent. These analyses include the continental structures that continue in direction of this basin (Guapiara Lineament and Ponta Grossa Arc), checking their possible influence on the basin evolution and deformation. To achieve the proposed goals, the Precambrian basement lineaments were extracted from the offshore area using remote sensing, as result was obtained strong NW-SE structural trend. According to the interpretation of seismic sections, it is possible to observe that this portion of the basin presents main NE-SW structural trend, and most of the structures are typical of passive margin and halokintics process. It is possible to see that some recognized faults in the rift deposits may be coinciding with the main continental guidelines which are projected into the basin. (author)

  11. Risk and geological uncertainties in carbonate reservoirs in Santos Basin; Incertezas geologicas e risco em reservatorios carbonaticos na Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Makoto; Cortez, Marcella M.M. [Queiroz Galvao Perfuracoes S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mendes, Marcos Huber

    2004-07-01

    The Lower Albian in the south part of Santos Basin is composed mainly of oolitic calcarenites and calcilutites organized in shoaling upward cycles. The calcarenites from the top of the sequence constitute a package of reservoir zones and sub-zones with regional distribution along which are located mature, producing and development phase oil fields. In this work the main factors with major impact in reserves estimation are interpreted and quantified in a probabilistic approach giving support for the development plan phase of a field of the carbonatic trend. The regional stratigraphic and structural interpretations provided information about extension, external geometry, and continuity of the reservoir zones for reserves risk computation. The porosity probability density functions were defined according to stratigraphic position, seismic reflection pattern of calcarenites and also information from the discovery and the appraisal wells. The Decision Tree methodology with Monte Carlo Simulation was used to better understand the impact of geological uncertainties in reserves computation and also as a first step for risk management. The Monte Carlo simulation allows the Multivariate Sensibility and Scenario Analysis, Probabilistic Technical and Economic Evaluation and Optimal Portfolio Stochastic Simulation. (author)

  12. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Colombian Caribbean Islands San Andrés and Providencia The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Colombian Caribbean Islands San Andrés and Providencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunn Emmett Reid

    1945-08-01

    Full Text Available In connection with a study of Central America I have examined specimens from many of the islands off the coast, and I here set down a list of those I have seen from two Colombian islands which rise from deep water about 200 km. east of Nicaragua. They are about 100 km. apart. Both represent old volcanic peaks, and it is unlikely that they were ever connected to each other or to the mainland, although they may have been much larger during a lower glacial sealevel. The herpetological fauna of San Andres and Providencia consists Of: a frog, known from both islands; six lizards, three from both islands and three from Providencia; four snakes, one from San Andrés and three from Providencia. In connection with a study of Central America I have examined specimens from many of the islands off the coast, and I here set down a list of those I have seen from two Colombian islands which rise from deep water about 200 km. east of Nicaragua. They are about 100 km. apart. Both represent old volcanic peaks, and it is unlikely that they were ever connected to each other or to the mainland, although they may have been much larger during a lower glacial sealevel. The herpetological fauna of San Andres and Providencia consists Of: a frog, known from both islands; six lizards, three from both islands and three from Providencia; four snakes, one from San Andrés and three from Providencia.

  13. Petroleum generation 3D modeling of Espirito Santo Basin, Brazil; Modelagem 3D da geracao de petroleo na Bacia do Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Daniella A.; Lemgruber, Adriana; Goncalves, Felix T.T. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. de Modelagem Multidisciplinar de Bacias Sedimentares (LAB2M); Petersohn, Eliane [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Intervals of potential source rocks were identified and characterized by the analysis and interpretation of total organic carbon (TOC) and Rock-Eval pyrolysis data. The rift section presents the best conditions for hydrocarbon generation, especially in Mariricu formation, that presents high TOC, hydrogen index and type I Kerogen. The drift section possesses low source rock potential, the intervals with best organic matter characteristic (quantity and quality) are represented by thin packages positioned in the superior portion of Regencia and Sao Mateus formation and in the basis of Urucutuca formation. The geochemistry data was integrated, on a regional scale, into the thermal maturation and petroleum generation three-dimensional model. Four potentially source rock intervals were simulated, two in the pre-salt section and two in the post-salt section. The results point out that the pre-salt intervals have reached thermal maturity in the proximal shelf and were overmatured in deep water. The thermal evolution obtained for the post-salt zone was very similar to those obtained for the rift section (pre-salt section). (author)

  14. Fungos zoospóricos (Mastigomycotina) da mata atlântica da Reserva Biológica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba, município de Santo André, SP

    OpenAIRE

    Schoenlein-Crusius, Iracema Helena; Milanez, Adauto Ivo

    1998-01-01

    Trezentas e dezesseis ocorrências de 20 táxons de Mastigomycotina (fungos zoospóricos) foram registradas em folhas de Alchornea triplinervia (Spreng.) Müll. Arg. colocadas em ambientes terrestre e aquático, em amostras de solo e de água de riacho coletadas mensalmente de julho de 1988 a maio de 1990. Entre os 13 táxons de Chytridiomycetes e sete de Oomycetes, as espécies com maior ocorrência foram: Karlingia rosea (De Bary & Woronin) Johanson (35 ocorrências), Polychytrium aggregatum Ajello (...

  15. Valores sociais e valores associados ao consumo de drogas entre jovens de diferentes grupos sociais na cidade de Santo André - São Paulo: uma análise de representações cotidianas

    OpenAIRE

    Vilmar Ezequiel dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Este trabalho toma como objeto os valores sociais, com atenção especial àqueles relacionados ao consumo de drogas. Compreende-se valores sociais como fundamento das ações e atitudes dos homens. Constituídos nos processos de socialização, assumem historicamente diferentes conformações. Pressupôs-se que a análise de representações cotidianas de jovens de diferentes grupos sociais traria elementos para compreender diferenças nas tendências valorativas. Os objetivos do estudo foram: apreender e a...

  16. Inspection on rural electrification cooperatives in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil - a step for the regularization; Inspecao de cooperativas de eletrificacao rural em Sao Paulo - um passo para sua regularizacao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pazzini, Luiz Henrique Alves; Kurahassi, Luiz Fernando; Ribeiro, Fernando Selles [Sao Paulo Univ. , SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia]. E-mail: pazzini@pea.usp.br; Fernandes Filho, Guilherme Eugenio Filippo [UNESP, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia. Dept. de Energia]. E-mail: gfilippo@feg.unesp.br

    2000-07-01

    The state of Sao Paulo counts, now, with seventeen cooperatives of rural electrification that assist several areas of the state. Those agents of the electric sector are, in Brazil, going by a regularization process coordinated by ANEEL (Agencia Nacional das Empresas de Energia Eletrica) - the Brazilian electric energy agency. In Sao Paulo that process is being driven by the CSPE (Comissao de Servicos Publicos de Energia) - the Brazilian energy public service commission. One of the stages of that process was the inspection of the cooperatives, accomplished during the year of 1999 by five teams from UNESP and from USP. This paper describes the methodology used in those inspections and presents the main data. It concludes that the service rendered by the cooperatives is of good quality, and, than smaller is the cooperative, better is the attendance. It also the need of technological advancements that the cooperatives will have to accomplish if they want to participle in a competitive and regularity market. (author)

  17. Thermal modeling and geomorphology of the south border of the Sao Francisco Craton: thermochronology by fission tracks in apatites;Modelagem termica e geomorfologia da borda sul do Craton do Sao Francisco: termocronologia por tracos de fissao em apatita

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackspacher, Peter Christian [UNESP, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas; Godoy, Daniel Francoso de; Franco, Ana Olivia Barufi [UNESP, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Pos-Graduacao em Geologia Regional; Ribeiro, Luiz Felipe Brandini [NUCLEARGEO, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil); Hadler Neto, Julio Cesar [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (IFGW/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Gleb Wataghin

    2007-12-15

    Recent developments in Fission Track thermochronology associated to mesozoic-cenozoic erosion and tectonic presented trough thematic maps (isotemperature), permit to model the landscape evolution in the southern border of the Sao Francisco craton, southeastern Brazil. Paleotemperature, obtained by fission track analysis in apatite, is closely related to geomorphologic interpretations. The area suffered a complex imprint of endogenous and exogenous processes resulting diversified and differentiated relieves. The landscape is strongly controlled by exhumation between Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous, uplift with tectonic denudation related to crustal heating at the Upper Cretaceous and reactivation of faults until the Miocene. This scenario is a result of reactivations of different brittle structures that accommodate the deformation in the southern border of the Sao Francisco craton. The landscape reflects denudations of up to 3 km with preserved remains of erosive surfaces in the topographical tops and chronocorrelates deposits in the basins of the region. (author)

  18. Karakters en betoog in André P. Brink se Gerugte van reën | van Zyl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gerugte van reën (Rumours of Rain, 1978) is one of André Brink's notorious political novels on apartheid and Afrikaner Nationalism. This essay focuses on the rhetorical processes in the novel and particularly on the use of characterisation as a vehicle for the implied author's ideology. Rhetorically the novel is aimed at ...

  19. Esimene Eesti maja Hiinas = The first Estonian house in China / Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põime, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus Pekingi Eesti saatkonna arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö autoritega. Tulemused: I preemia - Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel, II - Erik Nobel, Christian Jensen, Kristen Herup Sovang, Soren Andersson, Pille Kivihall, Dan Ljungar, Hans Willadsen (Taani), III - Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, Tiiu Truus, Martin Prommik

  20. “Note on sex for the aged widower”: On André Brink's The Rights of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the representation of masculinity in André Brink's novel, The Rights of Desire. Following a remark in Roger Boylan's review of the novel in the Boston Review; this analysis concentrates on Brink's depiction of Afrikaner masculinity and the idea that the character Ruben Olivier represents Brink's ...

  1. Optimaalse haridusmudeli poole / Tõnis Lukas, Andres Jõgar, Jüri Ojamaa...[jt.] ; üles kirjutanud Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tartus 3. aprillil toimunud ümarlaua vestlusest, millest võttis osa haridus- ja teadusminister Tõnis Lukas, Kõrvküla Põhikooli direktor Andres Jõgar, Abja Gümnaasiumi direktor Jüri Ojamaa, Nõo vallavanem Rain Sangernebo ja Tartu haridusosakonna juhataja Boris Goldman

  2. The epidemiology and transmissibility of Zika virus in Girardot and San Andres island, Colombia, September 2015 to January 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, DP; Dean, NE; Yang, Y; Kenah, E; Quintero, J; Tomasi, S; Ramirez, EL; Kelly, Y; Castro, C; Carrasquilla, G; Halloran, ME; Longini, IM

    2016-01-01

    Transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) was first detected in Colombia in September 2015. As of April 2016, Colombia had reported over 65,000 cases of Zika virus disease (ZVD). We analysed daily surveillance data of ZVD cases reported to the health authorities of San Andres and Girardot, Colombia, between September 2015 and January 2016. ZVD was laboratory-confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the serum of acute cases within five days of symptom onset. We use daily incidence data to estimate the basic reproductive number (R0) in each population. We identified 928 and 1,936 reported ZVD cases from San Andres and Girardot, respectively. The overall attack rate for reported ZVD was 12.13 cases per 1,000 residents of San Andres and 18.43 cases per 1,000 residents of Girardot. Attack rates were significantly higher in females in both municipalities (p < 0.001). Cases occurred in all age groups with highest rates in 20 to 49 year-olds. The estimated R0 for the Zika outbreak was 1.41 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15–1.74) in San Andres and 4.61 (95% CI: 4.11–5.16) in Girardot. Transmission of ZIKV is ongoing in the Americas. The estimated R0 from Colombia supports the observed rapid spread. PMID:27452806

  3. Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega? : error'ist kõrgklassi homo soveticus'e näitel / Liisa Kaljula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljula, Liisa, 1982-

    2014-01-01

    Autor analüüsib 2014. a. Tallinna Semiosalongi loengute sarja põhiteema - error'i mõiste avamiseks ühe inimliigi kujunemislugu - Eesti filmiklassikast tuntud tegelaskuju Andres Lapeteuse tõusu ning langust homo soveticus'ena

  4. Lineaarse kunstiajaloo aeg on otsas / Edit András ; intervjueerinud R[eet] V[arblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    András, Edit

    2010-01-01

    Vestlus ungari kunstiteoreetiku- ja ajaloolase Edit Andrásiga, kes osales Tallinnas USA Clarki instituudi ja EKA Kunstiteaduste Instituudi seminaril, kus arutati Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa kunstiajaloo kirjutamisviiside üle. Seminari tekkimisest, kokkusaamise põhjustest, seminari järeldustest, Eesti ja Ungari kunstiajaloo kirjutamise erinevatest põhimõtetest jm.

  5. Leptothorax nadigi Kutter, 1925 y Goniomma blanci (André, 1881) : descripción de los machos (Hym. Formicidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Espadaler, Xavier

    1984-01-01

    Se describen los machos de Leptothorax nadigi Kutter y de Goniomma blanci (André). El primero se sitúa cercano a los de L. tuberum (Fab.) y L. nigriceps Mayr. Se da la distribución de G. blanci, no pudiendo compararse con las otras especies ya que el conocimiento de los machos de Goniomma es prácticamente nulo

  6. Earthworm (Clitellata: Megadrili taxonomy in the last 200 years: A homage to András Zicsi (1928−2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csuzdi, Cs.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Dr. András Zicsi, the renowned soil biologist and earthworm taxonomist passed away on 22 July, 2015 at the age of 87. To honour his enormous contribution in exploring earthworm biodiversity all over the world, we provide a brief, albeit subjective overview of the history of earthworm taxonomy in the last two century.

  7. Resultados preliminares sobre os teores de detergentes aniônicos na Baía e Estuário de Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira,Maria Angela Valin da; Pereira,Norival; Tommasi,Luiz Roberto

    1982-01-01

    Os maiores níveis de detergentes foram obtidos no interior do Canal de Santos, em frente ao Canal 6 e na região do difusor do emissãrio submarino de esgostos de Santos. Há, assim, três fontes principais de detergentes para a região: a) o complexo industrial de Cubatao - Sistema Billings; b) a cidade de Santos (ligações clandestinas de esgotos), e c) o emissário submarino. Os níveis de detergentes obtidos variaram de 0,11 a 0,97 ppm ABS.

  8. Elaboration, publication and implementation of a technical regulation of radiological protection at the State of Sao Paulo; Elaboracao, publicacao e implementacao de uma norma tecnica de protecao radiologica no estado de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldred, Martha Aurelia; Eduardo, Maria Bernardete de Paula [Secretaria de Estado da Saude, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria; Furnari, Laura [Associacao Brasileira de Fisicos em Medicina, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1996-12-31

    Technological improvements of new equipment and some new topics of the international recommendations from ICRP 60 (1990) are considered in a meeting of radiation protection experts and representatives of professionals involved with the use of ionizing radiation in health care services. As a result a new regulation is proposed to the Sao Paulo State Health Department (Brazil). The importance of performing a quality assurance program is emphasized 2 refs., 2 tab.

  9. MONITORAMENTO DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA NO MANANCIAL DO RIO SANTO ANASTÁCIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ponce Arroio Junior

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to characterize spatially and temporarily the Santo Anastacio River according to limnological factors, four sampling stations were established in the main course of the river. The limnological variables analyzed were pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, chlorine, iron, ammonia and phosphate, as well the hydrologic variables flow and speed. These limnological variables were synthesized through a principal components analysis (PCA, in order to determinate their spatial-temporal behavior. Exploratory analysis revealed a longitudinal organization of the sampling stations according to the level of environmental integrity of each station, showing a water quality decrease along the river’s course. The principal components analysis revealed yet a seasonal pattern of sampling dates, allowing differentiate dry and rainy periods.

  10. Factors related to severe dengue during an epidemic in Vitoria, State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Creuza Rachel Vicente

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The prognosis of dengue depends on early diagnosis and treatment, which can help prevent severe forms whose characteristics were evaluated here. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted involving dengue cases in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 2011. Results Two health regions registered 56.3% of 371 cases of severe dengue. Of these cases, 21.3% presented with dengue hemorrhagic fever. There were associations between dengue hemorrhagic fever with younger ages and a longer time before receiving care. Conclusions There was a greater involvement of dengue hemorrhagic fever in young people. Delay in care, poor urban quality and high endemicity were identified as possible risk factors for dengue severity.

  11. Tabaco y desarrollo económico en Santo Domingo (siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Escudero, Antonio

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A mediados del siglo XVIII el estanco del tabaco suponía una importante fuente de recursos para la Corona, de ahí el interés por su implantación en todos los territorios americanos posibles. Con este fin, en 1763 se creaba una factoría en Santo Domingo dada la excelente calidad del tabaco dominicano. Sobre ambos temas en el presente artículo se realiza un análisis de sus antecedentes, génesis y desarrollo, se relaciona una serie de ingresos y gastos derivados del funcionamiento de la factoría y se incluye un apéndice documental como un ejemplo de las partidas de tabaco adquiridas a los cosecheros para su embarque a la Península.

  12. Fundamental measure theory for the inhomogeneous hard-sphere system based on Santos' consistent free energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen-Goos, Hendrik; Mortazavifar, Mostafa; Oettel, Martin; Roth, Roland

    2015-05-01

    Based on Santos' general solution for the scaled-particle differential equation [Phys. Rev. E 86, 040102(R) (2012)], we construct a free-energy functional for the hard-sphere system. The functional is obtained by a suitable generalization and extension of the set of scaled-particle variables using the weighted densities from Rosenfeld's fundamental measure theory for the hard-sphere mixture [Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 980 (1989)]. While our general result applies to the hard-sphere mixture, we specify remaining degrees of freedom by requiring the functional to comply with known properties of the pure hard-sphere system. Both for mixtures and pure systems, the functional can be systematically extended following the lines of our derivation. We test the resulting functionals regarding their behavior upon dimensional reduction of the fluid as well as their ability to accurately describe the hard-sphere crystal and the liquid-solid transition.

  13. Characterization and analysis of degraded areas of the Santo Amaro Settlement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayara Felix Barreto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Improper land use is responsible forenvironmental degradation due to decliningfertility, loss of biodiversity, erosion andcompaction. In rural settlements, it iscommonly observed that prior land usecontributes for the degradation of soils,including areas of permanent preservation.This study aims to identify the degraded areasin the Santo Amaro settlement, in a districtin Campos dos Goytacazes, to analyze thedegree of deterioration of soils, and its possiblecauses. Field observations showed seriouslydegraded areas because of erosion in the formof gullies and ridges as forests fragments innatural regeneration. Furthermore, the studyfound absence of forest fragments in naturalregeneration within permanent preservationareas (APP, coverage on top of the hills andslopes, as well as removal of riparian vegetation.

  14. La Leyenda de los santos: orígenes medievales e itinerario renacentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Aragüés Aldaz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This is an analysis of the trajectory of one of the two great families of our Medieval and Renaissance flos sanctorum. This family is formed of three works: the handwritten Compilación B (an abridged version of the Legenda aurea of Iacopo da Varazze, the Flos Sanctorum con sus ethimologías (an incunabulum of unknown date and printer and the Leyenda de los santos, a work that thrived with several editions published since the end of the 15th century until 1579. This article explores the relationship between these three works and also analyses the specific affiliation of their principal manuscript copies and editions, concluding with how the texts have evolved from these first manuscript versions to their later printed forms.

  15. Das Pommerische in Espírito Santo: ergebnisse und perspektiven einer soziolinguistischen studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beate Höhmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with aspects of language maintenance and measurement for language revitalization of Pomeranian in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, based on the sociolinguistic study by Höhmann (2011. Following the introduction, in which an overview of the research situation and the socio-demographic data is provided, the text presents quantitative data on language preference and intergenerational language transmission of the studied language community. In addition, the use of the minority language ​​in education and the resulting research desiderata are stated. The Pomeranian language revitalization project PROEPO and aspects of the latest standardization activities of the minority language are presented. Finally, perspectives for language preservation are discussed.

  16. COSTS AND PROFITABILITIES IN THE ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL PRODUCTION VEGETABLES IN ESPÍRITO SANTO STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacimar Luis de Souza

    2013-07-01

    various components of their costs of production. We used a database of 20 years, from 1990 to 2009, of the Reference Area in Agroecology in the INCAPER, located in the Domingos Martins City, Espírito Santo State. The organic system confirmed large economic viability, with average production cost per hectare 8% lower than the average conventional vegetables. Spending on hand labor was slightly lower in the organic system and proved to be the component of greater participation in the costs of both production systems. The organic squash, strawberries, cabbage and tomato showed lower costs than conventional systems. Conventional systems produce garlic, potatoes and okra showed lower costs than organic systems. Crops of carrots, peppers and yam have similar costs in organic and conventional systems. All vegetable crops in organic farming showed higher net revenues to the conventional, with ratios ranging from 1.1 for strawberry until 28.4 for cabbage.

  17. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiano Raccanello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México, analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro informales y su interacción con otros intermediarios financieros informales. Los resultados del modelo probit indican que la participación responde a la posibilidad de poder ahorrar atrayendo a aquellos individuos que no utilizan tandas, prestamistas o deudas con familiares o amigos.

  18. Asela de los Santos offers us his appraisals on Frank País

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asela de los Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Asela de los Santos, a prominent Santiago woman for her arduous revolutionary and pedagogical work, who knew Frank País García, describes him in a masterly synthesis, positioning him in a generation that was aware that the only solution the country had was the armed struggle . It refers to his qualities forged in childhood, the responsibilities assumed after his father's death, his approach to Martí, his vocation for teaching, his phlegmatic and dreamy character, his political vision and aspirations for the people of Cuba. Likewise, having had the possibility of living during the years of Revolution, he has been able to appreciate the importance of the figure of Frank for the new generations, as an inexhaustible source of education in values.

  19. Enrique Santos Discépolo o el arte de la inversión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce María Dalbosco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es abordar la presencia de lo grotesco y de sus códigos en la obra tanguera de Enrique Santos Discépolo. En ella hallamos algunos textos que invierten los tópicos de ciertos motivos estereotipados del tango, mecanismo que da lugar a auténticas acuarelas grotescas. En esta ocasión nos interesa descifrar los artilugios utilizados por el autor para producir tal efecto, con el fin de comprender, en última instancia, cuál es su concepción de lo grotesco. Atenderemos tanto a las composiciones que pertenecen a lo que la crítica ha denominado “vertiente grotesca” (Conde 2003, Gobello 2004 como a la presencia de rasgos o de recursos de lo grotesco presentes en otros tangos de su autoría.

  20. Indoor Particulate Matter in Houses of Elderly in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segalin, B.; Goncalves, F. T.; Fornaro, A.

    2015-12-01

    Environmental Company of the State of Sao Paulo (CETESB), Brazil, is responsible for particulate matter measurements (PM) in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP). However, there are few works with indoor measures for MASP. Therefore, the aim of this work is to investigate the PM in households in the MASP. The chosen households were there are aged people over 60 years old. The measurements were sampled during 24 hours using a Personal Cascade Impactor (SKC Cat No. 225-370), which the following aerodynamic diameters: 10.0 - 2.5 (A); 1.0 - 2.5 (B); 0.50 - 1.0 (C); 0.25 - 0.50 (D), and < 0.25 μm (E). Together the impactor, there is a Leland Legacy pump (SKC Cat No. 100-3002) with a flow of 9L/min. It was analyzed 56 households with average values of PM10 and PM2.5 of 30.7 and 23.4 μg/m3, respectively. On average, 76% of PM10 consists of PM2.5, percentage higher than the outdoor environment (60% - CETESB), and 43% of the PM2.5 consists of PM smaller than 0.25 μm. Among all households, there was no exceedance of thresholds national standards PM10 (120 μg/m3) and PM2.5 (60 μg/m3). However, 10.7% of residences exceeded the PM10 threshold of the World Health Organization (50 μg/m3) and 39.2% for PM2.5 (20 μg/m3). The cluster analysis grouped the measures in the houses in four profiles. In three of them were greater amount of mass in ultrafine particles (E), followed by coarse particles (A) with the minimum in C level. The maximum in E may be due to the high contribution vehicular and secondary aerosol outdoor environment. The secondary maximum in A may be due to particles ressuspension and also arising from outdoors. These three groups differ only by the amount of PM measured in the households; they represent high, medium and low PM concentrations. The fourth group has average concentrations, but it presents a different profile because its maximum is in the D rather than E. All data will be analyzed concerning the possible sources.

  1. Paleomagnetism of the Todos Santos Formation in the Maya Block, Chiapas, Mexico: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez-Urban, A.; Molina-Garza, R. S.; Iriondo, A.; Geissman, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Preliminary results of a paleomagnetic study on jurassic volcanic rocks (U-Pb 188.8 +/- 3.2Ma) locally interbedded with red beds assigned to the Todos Santos Formation, sampled in the Homoclinal Tectonic Province of the Neogene Fold Belt, Chiapas-Mexico, reveal multi component magnetizations acquired during pre- and post- folding of these rocks. The samples responded well to thermal demagnetization, but not so to AF demagnetization, suggesting that a high coercivity mineral phase like hematite is the main remanence carrier. The post-folding B-component direction of Dec=174.3 Inc=-30.6 (k=46; alpha95=13.6; N=4) represents a recent Tertiary? overprint; while the pre-folding C-component direction of Dec=329.9 Inc=7.8 (k=12.5; alpha95=16.3; N=8) is in agreement with a previously reported small data set for the Todos Santos Formation. When compared to the North American reference direction (Jurassic Kayenta Formation) the observed direction indicates a counterclockwise rotation of 35.9 +/- 16.6 degrees, and moderate north to south latitudinal displacement. If a reference pole from NE North America is used, the amount of counterclockwise rotation and latitudinal displacement are both slightly reduced. If the assumption that Jurassic strata in Chiapas reflect displacement of the Maya Block, then these data are consistent with reconstructions of the Maya Block in the Gulf of Mexico region. Other sites sampled in Jurassic strata suggest that in addition to the interpreted regional rotation, local (vertical-axis) rotations may have affected the region in more recent times.

  2. Mass media, espacio y tiempo en Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana Almada

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo que aquí se sintetiza es un primer acercamiento, desde la perspectiva de autores entre los que destaca Manuel Castells, a un proyecto mayor que pretende analizar e interpretar el proceso de transformaciones que ha venido sufriendo el pueblo de Todos Santos, Baja California Sur BCS, debido a la llegada de dos contingentes de inmigrantes: el primero, rocedente de Estados Unidos y Canadá, llegó a comprar las casas del centro del pueblo; algunos con la intención de quedarse e instalar negocios, principalmente de venta de Bienes Raíces, otros, para pasar allí la temporada otoño invierno; y el segundo, traído del interior del país, principalmente de Acayucan Veracruz y de Ocotepec Guerrero como jornaleros agrícolas por una compañía Sinaloense. Esta inmigración ha introducido a Todos Santos dentro de lo que Castells denomina como sociedad red, es decir, dentro de procesos sociales organizados, cada vez más, en torno a redes que constituyen las nuevas formas de organización social. En resumen, el presente trabajo aborda los efectos de la globalización en la transformación de un pueblo sudcaliforniano, a través de la llegada de los inmigrantes arriba mencionados y del uso de los medios de comunicación vía satélite.

  3. Diseases Neglected by the Media in Espírito Santo, Brazil in 2011-2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Guio Cavaca

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the present study were to identify and analyse the Diseases Neglected by the Media (DNMs via a comparison between the most important health issues to the population of Espírito Santo, Brazil, from the epidemiological perspective (health value and their effective coverage by the print media, and to analyse the DNMs considering the perspective of key journalists involved in the dissemination of health topics in the state media.Morbidity and mortality data were collected from official documents and from Health Information Systems. In parallel, the diseases reported in the two major newspapers of Espírito Santo in 2011-2012 were identified from 10,771 news articles. Concomitantly, eight interviews were conducted with reporters from the two newspapers to understand the journalists' reasons for the coverage or neglect of certain health/disease topics.Quantitatively, the DNMs identified diseases associated with poverty, including tuberculosis, leprosy, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and trachoma. Apart from these, diseases with outbreaks in the period evaluated, including whooping cough and meningitis, some cancers, respiratory diseases, ischaemic heart disease, and stroke, were also seldom addressed by the media. In contrast, dengue fever, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS, diabetes, breast cancer, prostate cancer, tracheal cancer, and bronchial and lung cancers were broadly covered in the period analysed, corroborating the tradition of media disclosure of these diseases. Qualitatively, the DNMs included rare diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, leishmaniasis, Down syndrome, and verminoses. The reasons for the neglect of these topics by the media included the political and economic interests of the newspapers, their editorial line, and the organizational routine of the newsrooms.Media visibility acts as a strategy for legitimising priorities and contextualizing various realities. Therefore, we propose that the

  4. Caminhoneiros de rota curta e sua vulnerabilidade ao HIV, Santos, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villarinho Luciana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a vulnerabilidade, de caminhoneiros de rota curta, à transmissão sexual do HIV e da Aids. MÉTODOS: Foram entrevistados 279 caminhoneiros com vínculo de trabalho na cidade de Santos, SP, em locais de concentração na área portuária e suas proximidades, sindicatos e associações, recrutados pela amostragem do tipo "bola-de-neve". Foram realizadas entrevistas utilizando perguntas abertas e fechadas sobre questões sociodemográficas, práticas sexuais, uso de drogas, conhecimento sobre o HIV e a Aids, contato prévio com programas de prevenção à Aids em Santos, percepção de sua vulnerabilidade ao HIV e à Aids. Foi realizada análise descritiva da amostra, e apresentados relatos para ilustrar algumas situações de vulnerabilidade. RESULTADOS: Do total de 279 caminhoneiros entrevistados, 93% declararam ter parceira fixa, 40% referiram manter relações sexuais com parceiras casuais, e 19% referiram manter relações sexuais com parceiras freqüentes. A principal situação de vulnerabilidade ao HIV ocorre devido ao uso inconsistente do preservativo, interligado ao vínculo estabelecido com cada parceira. O tempo fora de casa parece não ser o principal fator para situações de vulnerabilidade, conforme demonstram estudos com caminhoneiros de rota longa. CONCLUSÕES: A cultura "machista" e os papéis tradicionais masculinos são emblemáticos entre os caminhoneiros de rota curta. Certamente é necessário investir mais na prevenção nessa categoria profissional. A prevenção em locais de trabalho parece promissora, pois permite entender melhor seu universo, propiciando intervenções educativas adequadas a essa categoria profissional.

  5. Characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in a hyperendemic area: the city of Santos, Brasil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Andrea Gobetti Vieira; Zamarioli, Liliana Aparecida; Perandones, Carmen Argüello; Cuntiere, Ivonete; Waldman, Eliseu Alves

    2009-10-01

    To characterize the profile of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in the city of Santos, Brazil, according to biological, environmental and institutional factors. Descriptive study, using the TB surveillance database, including patients with PTB, aged 15 years or older, residing in the city of Santos and whose treatment was initiated between 2000 and 2004. We identified 2,176 cases, of which 481 presented a history of TB. Of those 481 patients, 29.3% were cured, and 70.7% abandoned treatment. In 61.6% of the cases, the diagnosis was confirmed by sputum smear microscopy, whereas it was confirmed based on clinical and radiological criteria in 33.8%; 69.0% were male; and 69.5% were between 20 and 49 years of age. There were 732 hospitalizations, and the mean length of hospital stay was 32 days (first hospitalization). The prevalence of alcoholism, diabetes and TB/HIV coinfection was, respectively, 11.7%, 8.2% and 16.2%. The prevalence of TB/HIV coinfection decreased from 20.7% to 12.9% during the study period. The treatment outcome was cure, abandonment, death from TB and death attributed to TB/HIV coinfection in 71.0%, 12.1%, 3.9% and 2.5%, respectively. The directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) was adopted in 63.4% of cases, and there were no significant differences between DOTS and the conventional treatment approach in terms of outcomes (p > 0.05). The mean annual incidence of PTB was 127.9/100,000 population (range: 72.8-272.92/100,000 population, varying by region). The mean annual mortality rate for PTB was 6.9/100,000 population. In areas hyperendemic for TB, DOTS should be prioritized for groups at greater risk of treatment abandonment or death, and the investigation of TB contacts should be intensified.

  6. Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards in Urban Systems. An Application in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Giovene di Girasole

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of risk has become increasingly complex, and has been used not only in relation to the natural features of a region, but also to its socio-economic context. In this conceptualization, the latter directly influences the capacity of a community to cope with, recover from, and adapt to natural hazards. Conceiving vulnerability as a measure of a socio-ecological system’s resilience, and at the same time, as a multidimensional variable that changes in space and time, makes the study of the different ways in which natural hazards impact on society all the more urgent. This is particularly true for developing countries, where risk related to natural hazards affects populations and areas that must deal with stress conditions, such as humanitarian, social and military emergencies. This article presents a methodology for the analysis of social vulnerability, defined and experimented in the context of the international cooperation project “Estudio de la amenaza sísmica y vulnerabilidad física del Gran Santo Domingo”. The methodology, implemented through the employment of a Geographic Information System, led to the elaboration of a “Social Vulnerability Index” and a “Social Vulnerability Map”. These seek to describe the current condition of vulnerability of the city of Santo Domingo de Guzmán (Distrito Nacional in the Dominican Republic (DR, and are used to define context-related vulnerability scenarios, as well as to indicate the adequate set of mitigation objectives and actions. The results highlight the importance of using social vulnerability study as the point of departure for defining seismic-risk mitigation policies, emergency management, and territorial planning in order to reduce the impacts of disasters.

  7. Gravity and Magnetotelluric Modeling of the Santo Domingo Basin, Northern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamudio, K. D.; Keithline, N.; Blum, C.; Cunningham, E.; Fromont, A.; Jorgensen, M.; Lee, R.; McBride, K.; Saez Berrios, P.; Harper, C.; Pellerin, L.; McPhee, D.; Ferguson, J. F.

    2015-12-01

    The Santo Domingo Basin, one of a series of basins within the Rio Grande Rift, is located between Santa Fe and Albuquerque, NM, and has been the focus of research by the Summer of Geophysical Experience (SAGE) program since 2000. Gravity, magnetotelluric (MT), and seismic data have been collected throughout the region, although we are concentrating on gravity and MT data collected during SAGE 2014 and 2015. The study area is located in the center of the Santo Domingo basin, an extensional, Miocene age, rift basin, in an area that was minimally involved in the preceding local Laramide orogenic activity. Rift sediments (~3.5 km thick) are underlain by Eocene age sediments that were shed from adjacent uplifts. Up to 3 km of Mesozoic and Paleozoic sediments are preserved above the Precambrian basement. Geologic outcrop, borehole and seismic reflection data, and known density values were used in the construction of a ~100 km-long, generalized geologic cross section from which a gravity response was calculated. The modeled gravity response makes fairly definitive predictions about the geometry of the basin as well as the stratigraphy and faulting within and bounding the basin. MT data was collected at ten stations within the basin. The MT sounding curves exhibit one-dimensional behavior at short periods (1000 ohm-m) at ~ 3.5-4 km. Conductivities of the major stratigraphic units have been determined from well logs and previous MT modeling. Forward and inverse MT models constrained by the gravity-modeled geologic cross section are used to develop a conductivity model consistent with the geology, and are a step towards a better unified treatment of MT, seismic and gravity data.

  8. Spatiotemporal appraisal of TBT contamination and imposex along a tropical bay (Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artifon, Vanda; Castro, Ítalo Braga; Fillmann, Gilberto

    2016-08-01

    A spatiotemporal evaluation of butyltin contamination was performed between 2010 and 2012 along Todos os Santos Bay (Northeast Brazil) using surface sediments, bivalve tissues (Anomalocardia brasiliana and Mytella guyanensis), and imposex occurrence (Stramonita rustica). The spatial study detected high tributyltin (TBT) levels (maximum values of 262 ng Sn g (-1) - 21,833 ng Sn g(-1) of total organic carbon - for surface sediments and 421 ng Sn g(-1) for bivalve tissues) in the innermost part of the bay. The TBT levels detected in M. guyanensis tissues might cause human health risk since local population consumes these organisms. These high concentrations observed in the bivalves might result in ingestions higher than the safe limits established by European Food Safety Authority (250 ng TBT kg(-1) day(-1)). Considering the temporal evaluation, no difference (p > 0.05) was observed between TBT concentrations in sediments obtained during the two sampling campaigns (2010/2011 and 2012). However, the increasing predominance of TBT metabolites (butyltin degradation index (BDI) >1) in more recent sediments indicates further degradation of old TBT inputs. In spite of that, recent inputs are still evident at this region. Nevertheless, a reduction of imposex parameters in S. rustica over the last decade suggests an overall decline in the TBT contamination, at least in the outermost and possible less impacted region of the bay. The TBT contamination is probably reducing due to the national and international legislative restrictions on the use of TBT as antifouling biocide. The contamination levels, however, are still relevant especially in the inner part of Todos os Santos Bay since they are above those that are likely to cause toxicity to the biota.

  9. PLANEJAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO DE TI NO PODER JUDICIÁRIO DO ESTADO DO ESPIRITO SANTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alamir Costa Louro

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta os efeitos gerados a partir da concepção e implantação de um planejamento estratégico de tecnologia da informação no Poder Judiciário do Estado do Espírito Santo(PJES. Para coleta dos dados e análise de resultados foram realizadas pesquisas documentais em relatório de auditoria realizado pelo Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ. O artigo buscou evidências no relatório que corroborem com as possíveis melhorias apontadas por autores da área que tangenciam a Governança de TI. Essas melhorias não foram constatadas documentalmente e as razões e consequências foram explicitadas no artigo, que apesar de ser um estudo de caso interno ao PJES, aponta resultados e fatores geradores aparentemente comuns e que podem possibilitar ao estudo servir de referência para aplicação de melhores práticas de Governança de TI em outros tribunais do judiciário brasileiro.   This paper analyses the impact from conception and implementation of a information technology strategic plan in the Court of the State of Espírito Santo (PJES. For data collection and analysis of results were conducted documentary research in the audit report conducted by the National Council of Justice (CNJ. The article had sought evidence in the report to corroborate with possible improvements as pointed out by IT governance area authors. These improvements were not found by documentary evidence and the reasons and consequences were explained in the article, which despite being a case study only in PJES, points out results and organizational characteristics seemingly ordinary what may allow the study serve as a reference in application of IT governance best practices in other courts of the Brazilian judiciary

  10. Thermoelectric power plant of Iron and Steel Company of Sao Paulo state, Brazil, Planning; Planejamento da central termoeletrica da COSIPA - Companhia Siderurgica Paulista

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barros, Paulo Sergio; Costa, Luiz Orlando; Silva, Clovis Aprigio da; Paiva Borges, Elmar de; Martinez, Francisco Gomes [Companhia Siderurgica Paulista (Brazil)

    1990-02-01

    This paper shows the operational philosophy, control and supervision of the Thermoelectric power plant of the Iron and Steel Company of Sao Paulo state, Brazil, in operations of fuel distribution, steam generation, electric power generation and air flow. 8 tabs.

  11. "Negro corazón que no soporta la nieve": mecanismos de la (des)memoria en la narrativa conjunta de Simone y André Schwarz-Bart/ "That black heart that fears the snow": memory and oblivion mechanisms in the narrative work of Simone and André Schwarz-Bart

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martha Asunción Alonso

    2016-01-01

    ... (1967, Paris, Editions du Seuil), written by Simone and André Schwarz-Bart . We will try to demonstrate that this book is deeply inspired by the famous episode of the madeleine by Marcel Proust. Simone and André...

  12. Spatio-temporal and functional structure of the amphipod communities off Santos, Southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Waiteman Rodrigues

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The amphipod fauna was employed to investigate a bottom environmental gradient in the continental shelf adjacent to Santos Bay. The constant flow of less saline water from the estuarine complex of the Santos and São Vicente rivers besides the seasonal intrusion of the cold saline South Atlantic Central Water (SACW bring a highly dynamic water regime to the area. Density, distribution, diversity and functional structure of the communities were studied on a depth gradient from 10 to 100 m on two cruises in contrasting seasons, winter 2005 and summer 2006. Twenty-one sediment samples were taken with a 0.09m² box corer. Temperature and salinity were measured at each station and an additional surface sediment sample was obtained with the box corer for granulometric and chemical analyses. Sixty species were collected on each survey and higher density values were found in summer. A priori one-way Analysis of Similarities (ANOSIM indicated the existence of three different groups of amphipods related to the depth gradient: the Coastal group, the Mixed Zone group and the Deep Zone group. The Coastal Zone in both cruises was inhabited by a community presenting low diversity and density, besides high dominance of the infaunal tube-dweller Ampelisca paria; the area around 30 m presented the highest values of all the ecological indicators and the species showed several life styles; the outer area, situated between 50 and 100 m depth in the SACW domain, presented a community characterized by lower diversity and high biomass and density values. A season-depth ANOSIM showed the influence of depth and season for the Coastal and Mixed Zone groups whereas no seasonal difference was obtained for the Deep Zone group. The synergistic effect of the SACW and depth in the first place, followed by physical changes in substrate, seem to be the main factors controlling the fauna's distribution. In addition, the estuarine waters from Santos Bay apparently had no effect on

  13. Risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fregona, Geisa; Cosme, Lorrayne Belique; Moreira, Cláudia Maria Marques; Bussular, José Luis; Dettoni, Valdério do Valle; Dalcolmo, Margareth Pretti; Zandonade, Eliana; Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia

    2017-04-27

    To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Espírito Santo, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study of cases of tuberculosis tested for first-line drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, and streptomycin) in Espírito Santo between 2002 and 2012. We have used laboratory data and registration of cases of tuberculosis - from the Sistema Nacional de Agravos de Notificação and Sistema para Tratamentos Especiais de Tuberculose. Individuals have been classified as resistant and non-resistant and compared in relation to the sociodemographic, clinical, and epidemiological variables. Some variables have been included in a logistic regression model to establish the factors associated with resistance. In the study period, 1,669 individuals underwent anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing. Of these individuals, 10.6% showed resistance to any anti-tuberculosis drug. The rate of multidrug resistance observed, that is, to rifampicin and isoniazid, has been 5%. After multiple analysis, we have identified as independent factors associated with resistant tuberculosis: history of previous treatment of tuberculosis [recurrence (OR = 7.72; 95%CI 4.24-14.05) and re-entry after abandonment (OR = 3.91; 95%CI 1.81-8.43)], smoking (OR = 3.93; 95%CI 1.98-7.79), and positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis at the time of notification of the case (OR = 3.22; 95%CI 1.15-8.99). The partnership between tuberculosis control programs and health teams working in the network of Primary Health Care needs to be strengthened. This would allow the identification and monitoring of individuals with a history of previous treatment of tuberculosis and smoking. Moreover, the expansion of the offer of the culture of tuberculosis and anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing would provide greater diagnostic capacity for the resistant types in Espírito Santo. Analisar a prevalência e fatores associados à tuberculose resistente

  14. Application of gamma radiation for recovery of papers infected by fungi: case study about Sao Luiz do Paraitinga, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auada, Fernanda Mokdessi; Bardi, Marcelo Augusto Gonçalves; Machado, Luci Diva Brocardo, E-mail: fmokdessi@usp.br, E-mail: lmachado@ipen.br, E-mail: marcelo.bardi@usf.edu.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Universidade São Francisco (USF), Bragança Paulista, SP (Brazil)

    2017-11-01

    The material studied in this work was flooded in the city of Sao Luiz do Paraitinga, SP, Brazil on January 2010 during a record flood suffered by the river that pass through the region. The documentary collection belonging to the City Hall underwent emergency drying and recovery treatments including irradiation with gamma rays to the destruction of various cellulosic fungi. Seven record books with many pages in blank and presenting severe fungal and mold infestation were provided by the Public Archive of the State of Sao Paulo, in charge of the damaged official documents, as samples for the present investigation on the effects of gamma radiation in the recovery and preservation of paper supported collections that are victims of biological contamination. This study represents a very rare possibility of working with a real object of actual use, which suffered a real disaster, and not with material prepared in laboratory and subjected to a forged flood situation. (author)

  15. Species determination within Staphylococcus genus by extended PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism of saoC gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Michal; Polakowska, Klaudia; Ilczyszyn, Weronika M; Sitarska, Agnieszka; Nytko, Kinga; Kosecka, Maja; Miedzobrodzki, Jacek; Dubin, Adam; Wladyka, Benedykt

    2015-01-01

    Genetic methods based on PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) are widely used for microbial species determination. In this study, we present the application of saoC gene as an effective tool for species determination and within-species diversity analysis for Staphylococcus genus. The unique sequence diversity of saoC allows us to apply four restriction enzymes to obtain RFLP patterns, which appear highly distinctive even among closely related species as well as atypical isolates of environmental origin. Such patterns were successfully obtained for 26 species belonging to Staphylococcus genus. What is more, tracing polymorphisms detected by different restriction enzymes allowed for basic phylogeny analysis for Staphylococcus aureus, which is potentially applicable for other staphylococcal species. © FEMS 2014. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Versailles et Philadelphie : Benjamin Franklin et André Michaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E. McClellan III

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available On ne peut véritablement parler de « politique scientifique », ni pour les colonies anglaises de l’Amérique, ni pour la nouvelle nation américaine indépendante de la fin du xviiie siècle. Néanmoins, pour la cour de Versailles et pour la politique scientifique française de l’époque – la plus développée du moment – cette région fut d’une grande importance.Dans cette intervention, l’exemple bien connu de Benjamin Franklin ne sera que brièvement évoqué, en tant que scientifique et homme politique, pour les liens qu’il sut tisser entre Versailles et Philadelphie. Le cas moins bien connu, mais plus révélateur, d’André Michaux (1746-1802, botaniste du roi envoyé aux États-Unis en 1785 et chargé de renvoyer en France les semis d’arbres américains, retiendra en revanche davantage notre attention.Pour comprendre la mission d’André Michaux pendant son séjour sur le sol américain jusqu’en 1796, il faut le situer dans le contexte de ce que François Regourd et moi-même avons nommé la machine coloniale, cette nébuleuse institutionnelle scientifique, technique et administrative, dévouée à l’expansion coloniale française. Cette machine intégrait toute une gamme d’institutions à son fonctionnement, y compris, dans le cas d’André Michaux, la Maison et les Bâtiments du roi à Versailles, les jardins du Trianon, le Jardin du roi à Paris, et le Jardin royal d’acclimatation à Rambouillet. Les deux jardins fondés par Michaux dans le New Jersey et en Caroline du Sud firent également partie, à leur manière, de cette machine coloniale et de la politique scientifique de la monarchie française.

  17. Andre rum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2005-01-01

    I ethvert samfund findes der en række mod-steder - eller alternative samfund - der fremhæver det såkaldt normale liv og samtidig fungerer som et spejl på det almindelige samfund. Det kan være fængslet, plejehjemmet og skibet. Ifølge den franske filosof Michel Foucault har ethvert samfund brug...

  18. Notch signaling is antagonized by SAO-1, a novel GYF-domain protein that interacts with the E3 ubiquitin ligase SEL-10 in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Valerie A; Guiney, Evan L; Goldberg, Lindsey Y; Haduong, Josephine H; Kwartler, Callie S; Scangos, Katherine W; Goutte, Caroline

    2012-03-01

    Notch signaling pathways can be regulated through a variety of cellular mechanisms, and genetically compromised systems provide useful platforms from which to search for the responsible modulators. The Caenorhabditis elegans gene aph-1 encodes a component of γ-secretase, which is essential for Notch signaling events throughout development. By looking for suppressors of the incompletely penetrant aph-1(zu147) mutation, we identify a new gene, sao-1 (suppressor of aph-one), that negatively regulates aph-1(zu147) activity in the early embryo. The sao-1 gene encodes a novel protein that contains a GYF protein-protein interaction domain and interacts specifically with SEL-10, an Fbw7 component of SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases. We demonstrate that the embryonic lethality of aph-1(zu147) mutants can be suppressed by removing sao-1 activity or by mutations that disrupt the SAO-1-SEL-10 protein interaction. Decreased sao-1 activity also influences Notch signaling events when they are compromised at different molecular steps of the pathway, such as at the level of the Notch receptor GLP-1 or the downstream transcription factor LAG-1. Combined analysis of the SAO-1-SEL-10 protein interaction and comparisons of sao-1 and sel-10 genetic interactions suggest a possible role for SAO-1 as an accessory protein that participates with SEL-10 in downregulation of Notch signaling. This work provides the first mutant analysis of a GYF-domain protein in either C. elegans or Drosophila and introduces a new type of Fbw7-interacting protein that acts in a subset of Fbw7 functions.

  19. Multitaper spectral analysis of cosmic rays Sao Martinho da Serra's muon telescope and Newark's neutron monitor data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Marlos Rockenbach da; Alarcon, Walter Demetrio Gonzalez; Echer, Ezequiel; Lago, Alisson dal; Lucas, Aline de [National Institute for Space Research - INPE-MCT, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Vieira, Luis Eduardo Antunes; Guarnieri, Fernando Luis [Universidade do Vale do Paraiba - UNIVAP, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Schuch, Nelson Jorge [Southern Regional Space Research Center - CRSPE/INPE-MCT, Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Munakata, Kazuoki, E-mail: marlos@dge.inpe.br, E-mail: gonzalez@dge.inpe.br, E-mail: eecher@dge.inpe.br, E-mail: dallago@dge.inpe.br, E-mail: delucas@dge.inpe.br, E-mail: levieira@univap.br, E-mail: guarnieri@univap.br, E-mail: njschuch@lacesm.ufsm.br, E-mail: kmuna00@gipac.shinshu-u.ac.jp [Physics Department, Shinshu University, Matsumoto (Japan)

    2007-07-01

    In this work we present an analysis on the correction efficiency of atmospheric effects on cosmic ray Sao Martinho da Serra's muon telescope and Newark's neutron monitor data. We use a Multitaper spectral analysis of cosmic rays time series to show the main periodicities present in the corrected and uncorrected data for the atmospheric effects. This kind of correction is very important when intends to study cosmic rays variations of extra-terrestrial origin. (author)

  20. Determinants of the use of health care services: multilevel analysis in the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiavegatto, Alexandre Dias Porto; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Malik, Ana Maria; Takaoka, Julia; Viana, Maria Carmen; Andrade, Laura Helena

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. METHODS Data from the Sao Paulo Megacity study – the Brazilian version of the World Mental Health Survey multicenter study – were used. A total of 3,588 adults living in 69 neighborhoods in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, including 38 municipalities and 31 neighboring districts, were selected using multistratified sampling of the non-institutionalized population. Multilevel Bayesian logistic models were adjusted to identify the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the past 12 months and presence of a regular physician for routine care. RESULTS The contextual characteristics of the place of residence (income inequality, violence, and median income) showed no significant correlation (p > 0.05) with the use of health care services or with the presence of a regular physician for routine care. The only exception was the negative correlation between living in areas with high income inequality and presence of a regular physician (OR: 0.77; 95%CI 0.60;0.99) after controlling for individual characteristics. The study revealed a strong and consistent correlation between individual characteristics (mainly education and possession of health insurance), use of health care services, and presence of a regular physician. Presence of chronic and mental illnesses was strongly correlated with the use of health care services in the past year (regardless of the individual characteristics) but not with the presence of a regular physician. CONCLUSIONS Individual characteristics including higher education and possession of health insurance were important determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo. A better understanding of these determinants is essential for the development of public policies that promote equitable use of health care

  1. Determinants of the use of health care services: multilevel analysis in the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To evaluate the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. METHODS Data from the Sao Paulo Megacity study – the Brazilian version of the World Mental Health Survey multicenter study – were used. A total of 3,588 adults living in 69 neighborhoods in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, including 38 municipalities and 31 neighboring districts, were selected using multistratified sampling of the non-institutionalized population. Multilevel Bayesian logistic models were adjusted to identify the individual and contextual determinants of the use of health care services in the past 12 months and presence of a regular physician for routine care. RESULTS The contextual characteristics of the place of residence (income inequality, violence, and median income showed no significant correlation (p > 0.05 with the use of health care services or with the presence of a regular physician for routine care. The only exception was the negative correlation between living in areas with high income inequality and presence of a regular physician (OR: 0.77; 95%CI 0.60;0.99 after controlling for individual characteristics. The study revealed a strong and consistent correlation between individual characteristics (mainly education and possession of health insurance, use of health care services, and presence of a regular physician. Presence of chronic and mental illnesses was strongly correlated with the use of health care services in the past year (regardless of the individual characteristics but not with the presence of a regular physician. CONCLUSIONS Individual characteristics including higher education and possession of health insurance were important determinants of the use of health care services in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo. A better understanding of these determinants is essential for the development of public policies that promote equitable use

  2. RUNX2 regulates the effects of TNFalpha on proliferation and apoptosis in SaOs-2 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olfa, Ghali; Christophe, Chauveau; Philippe, Lencel; Romain, Salomez; Khaled, Hani; Pierre, Hardouin; Odile, Broux; Jean-Christophe, Devedjian

    2010-04-01

    The runt-related transcriptional factor RUNX2 is an essential mediator of the osteoblast phenotype and plays a pivotal role in the process of osteoblast differentiation. The involvement of RUNX2 includes the regulation of genes that are important in committing cells to the osteoblast lineage. Increasing evidences are consistent with a requirement of RUNX2 for stringent control of osteoblast proliferation and recent data even suggested that RUNX2 might act as a proapoptotic factor. Among the cytokines described as modulators of osteoblast functions, TNFalpha affects both apoptosis and the differentiation rate from mesenchymal precursor cells of osteoblast. Thus we evaluated on the human osteosarcoma cell line SaOs-2 stably transfected with a RUNX2 dominant negative construct (DeltaRUNX2) the effects of serum and TNFalpha on proliferation and apoptosis. In this study we showed that SaOs-2 clones expressing high levels of DeltaRUNX2 presented a higher proliferation rate than clones transfected with an empty vector. This increase in cell growth was accompanied by a rise in cyclins A1, B1 and E1 expression and a decrease in the cyclin inhibitor p21. Moreover we observed that the expression of the RUNX2 transgene protected the SaOs-2 cells from the antiproliferative and the apoptotic effects induced by TNFalpha. This was accompanied by the inhibition of Bax and activation of Bcl2 expression. Experiments done on SaOs-2 cells transiently transfected with siRNA confirmed that RUNX2 represents a critical link between cell fate, proliferation and growth control. This study also suggested that RUNX2 might control osteoblastic growth depending on the differentiation stage of the cells by regulating expression of elements involved in hormones and cytokines sensitivity. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Eocene slope and basin depositional systems in the Santos Basin, SP, Brazil; Sistemas deposicionais de talude e de bacia no Eoceno da Bacia de Santos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Jobel Lourenco Pinheiro [PETROBRAS, Santos, SP (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio de Exploracao. Polo Norte]. E-mail: jobel@petrobras.com.br; Carminatti, Mario

    2004-05-01

    The study of deposits originated by sedimentary gravity flows in continental margin basins has systematically underrated the local stratigraphic context. In consequence, some types of terrigenous depositional systems, from both shallow and deep waters, are improperly described as turbidity deposits. In the same way, sand/shale maps have been elaborated for sedimentary gravity flow deposits without considering their depositional environment. This fact provides incorrect information about reservoir behaviour and seal rock distribution, with possible prejudice to geological interpretation for petroleum exploration and production. Sedimentary gravity flows form the main deposits in the slope-basin of the lower-middle Eocene depositional sequences to the N of the Santos Basin. The objective of this study is the stratigraphic characterization of the the main elements of the depositional systems that occur in the Eocene section of the study area on the basis of sequence stratigraphy. As a result, two distinct systems of terrigenous deposits formed by sedimentary gravity flows on a single 3 rd order depositional sequence are defined: A Sandy System and a Muddy System. The Sandy System, deposited during periods of sea level fall, was formed by autochthonous sediments of gravity flows originated by fluvial floods. It is characterized by the following depositional elements: fluvial channels, canyons, submarine channels and basin sandy fans. These sandstone reservoirs have generally high porosity and permeability. A Muddy System, deposited under high-stand sea level conditions, and formed by gravity flows caused by autochthonous sediment slides, can be recognized by the following depositional elements: shelf-margin delta, steep erosional surfaces, accretion wedges and chaotic matrix-supported conglomerate beds. Such conglomerate beds have low permeability and form poor quality reservoirs. The hemi pelagic sediments of the late transgressive sea level phase, when preserved from

  4. Surto de leishmaniose tegumentar americana em Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonise Follador

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Em 1993, um surto leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA foi detectado no povoado rural de Canoa, município de Santo Amaro, Bahia. Um estudo observacional prospectivo delineou-se, com objetivo de determinar as taxas de freqüência e caracterizar clinicamente a doença. Foram acompanhados 555 indivíduos, registrando-se 29 casos de LTA, 11 casos sugestivos de LTA pregressa e 529 sadios. Desses 529 sadios, 65 apresentaram reação de Montenegro positiva sem qualquer evidência presente ou passada de doença. A prevalência de LTA no período de estudo foi de 5,2% (29/555. A leishmania envolvida foi caracterizada como Leishmania braziliensis e o vetor, Lutzomyia intermedia. Foram detectados cães e equídeos infectados por leishmania O acometimento de crianças menores de 10 anos, o acometimento igual entre os sexos e um componente de agregação familiar sugerem um padrão de transmissão peri ou intradomiciliar.An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL was detected in the village of Canoa in 1993. A prospective observational study was outlined to determine the frequency rates and to clinically characterize the disease. A total of 555 people were followed up. There were 29 cases of ACL, 11 cases of probably previous ACL (scars and 529 healthy individuals. Of these 529 individuals, 65 had a positive Montenegro reaction without any present or past evidence of leishmaniasis. The prevalence of ACL during the two years was 5.2% (29/555. The leishmania involved was Leishmania braziliensis and the vector, Lutzomyia intermedia. Evidence of infection was detected in dogs and horses. The high frequency of the disease among children under ten years, the similar sex distribution of cases and a component of familial aggregation suggest a peri- or intra-domiciliary transmission.

  5. [Effects of total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum on proliferation and apoptosis of human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qiang-qiang; Yin, Chang-chang; Zhou, Hu-yan; He, Ding-wen; Liang, Guang-sheng; Liu, Yu-liang; Yin, Ming

    2013-11-01

    To study the effects of total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum on proliferation and apoptosis of human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells and its mechanism. The effect of the total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum on the proliferation of human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells was detected by CCK assay, and the morphological changes of cells treated with total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum were observed using contrast microscope. Flow cytomerty was performed to analyze the apoptotic rate of the cells, and the gene expression levels of Caspase-3, BCL-2, BAX were detected by RT-PCR. The total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum suppressed the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner. Under a microscope observation of cell morphology, the volume became smaller ,the number of internal particles was increased. Cell apoptosis rate was positively related to the drug concentration. After treated for 48 hours, Caspase-3 and BAX expression were up-regulated, BCL-2 and BCL-2/BAX were decreased. The total flavones of Chrysanthemum indicum can inhibit the proliferation of osteosarcoma cell line Saos-2 by inducing cell apoptosis,the mechanism of which might be related with reducing BCL-2/BAX and activating Caspase-3.

  6. Prevalence and populations of Listeria monocytogenes in meat products retailed in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ristori, Christiane Asturiano; Rowlands, Ruth Estela Gravato; Martins, Cecília Geraldes; Barbosa, Maria Luisa; Yoshida, Júlia T U; Franco, Bernadette D G de Melo

    2014-12-01

    This study evaluated the prevalence of the populations and serotypes of Listeria monocytogenes in 552 refrigerated samples of ground beef, chicken leg, hot dog, and pork sausage collected in supermarkets in the city of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, between May 2008 and July 2009. The supermarkets were selected after stratification by geographical region and by random draw. Tests for presence and enumeration of L. monocytogenes were based on ISO 11290-1:1996/Amd.1:2004 and ISO 11290-2:1998 methods, respectively. Listeria spp. were detected in 469 (85.0%) of the studied meat products. The most frequently isolated species was L. innocua (64.1%), followed by L. monocytogenes (48.7%), L. welshimeri (13.4%), L. seeligeri (7.1%), L. ivanovii (0.2%), and L. grayi subspecies murrayi (0.2%). L. monocytogenes was detected in 269 (48.7%) samples, with highest prevalence in ground beef (59.4%) followed by chicken legs (58.0%), pork sausages (39.8%), and hot dogs (37.7%). The populations were pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals.

  7. The effects of Sao Paulo urban heat island on lightning activity: Decadal analysis (1999-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourscheidt, Vandoir; Pinto, Osmar; Naccarato, Kleber P.

    2016-05-01

    Eleven years of lightning data from the Brazilian Integrated National Lightning Detection Network were used to analyze the effects of the urban heat island (UHI) of Sao Paulo on lightning activity, extending the investigation of previous works. Cloud-to-ground lightning data were analyzed in both spatial and temporal perspectives, using different approaches: flash density, flash rate, thunderstorm hours (TH), and the cell initiation technique (CIT), which aims to identify the onset of thunderstorms. Land surface temperature (LST) from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) was used to analyze the UHI evolution over the years. MODIS data were validated using ground stations, distributed within the urban area. Different time intervals (seasonal and intraday) were used in an attempt to separate local convective systems from synoptic-scale events. The results indicate significant effects of the UHI (using LST) on THs and CIT. The CIT showed a nearly ring pattern, especially during the afternoon (14:00-18:00 LT) of summer months, reinforcing temperature contrast as a condition for storm initiation. The results also suggest an amplification of the UHI effects on thunderstorm activity by local factors (sea and country breeze, synoptic events, and terrain). Higher flash rates were also observed throughout the urban region, which influences the lightning density. Temporal analysis indicates that minimum temperature and lightning activity increase in wintertime. In summary, the results agree with previous studies about the UHI and indicate its importance on lightning occurrence, especially by increasing the temperature contrast and the instability in these regions.

  8. [Travelling together: an experience in sex education in the area surrounding Sao Paulo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barroso, C; Simonetti, C; Vieira, E

    1983-05-01

    This study describes group discussions of female sexuality held in a Sao Paulo Mothers' Club for the purpose of educating participants and producing educational pamphlets for publication. The participant research methodology is an attempt to integrate feminism with academic practice; the research is to be used to improve the condition of the research subjects and the research process itself is seen as educational. Participants were 8-15 low-income housewives 25-33 years old, with low level reading skills. In a series of discussion meetings, topics of interest identified included the physiology of the human body, sex education of children, and methods of contraception. Drafts of pamphlets and illustrations were presented for the immediate feedback of the group. Additional topics included the role of women in the family and society, women's rights, traditional class beliefs and myths about sexuality, medical care and examinations, and self-examination. 5 pamphlets and an accompanying manual for their use were produced for distribution to women's groups throughout Brazil. These include: Understanding Our Body; Do I want to be a Mother?; When Children Ask Certain Things; A gynecological Exam; and Much Pleasure.

  9. [Clinical relationships and ethical problems in primary care, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos Pavone Zoboli, Elma Lourdes

    2010-08-01

    to identify ethical problems in primary care according to nurses' and doctors' perceptions. to know ethical issues of patient-professional relationships in primary care. Synthesis to integrate and reinterpret primary results of qualitative studies. Primary healthcare centers, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS AND/OR CONTEXT: Incidental sample of 34 nurses and 36 medical doctors working in primary healthcare centers selected by convenience. Individual, semi-structured interviews to identity situations considered as sources of ethical problems. The sample is socially representative of primary care health centers and professionals. Data collection assured discourse saturation. Hermeneutic-dialectical discourse analysis was used to study the results. Patient-professional relationships and team work were the main sources of ethical problems. The most important problems were patient information, privacy, confidentiality, interpersonal relationship, linkage and patient autonomy. These issues reflect the recent changes in clinical relation ships and show the peculiarities of primary care with its continuous care which lasts a long time. Healthcare involves multiprofessional team work in the midst of the patient claims for autonomy. Good care of patients needs requires a relationship based on communication and cooperation, and includes feelings and values, with communication skills. Ethical problems in primary care are common situations. For quality and humane primary care the relationship should consist of dialogue, trust and cooperation. Copyright 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  10. Visceral leishmaniasis in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil: spatial and space-time analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardim, Marisa Furtado Mozini; Guirado, Marluci Monteiro; Dibo, Margareth Regina; Chiaravalloti, Francisco

    2016-08-11

    To perform both space and space-time evaluations of visceral leishmaniasis in humans in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The population considered in the study comprised autochthonous cases of visceral leishmaniasis and deaths resulting from it in Sao Paulo, between 1999 and 2013. The analysis considered the western region of the state as its studied area. Thematic maps were created to show visceral leishmaniasis dissemination in humans in the municipality. Spatial analysis tools Kernel and Kernel ratio were used to respectively obtain the distribution of cases and deaths and the distribution of incidence and mortality. Scan statistics were used in order to identify spatial and space-time clusters of cases and deaths. The visceral leishmaniasis cases in humans, during the studied period, were observed to occur in the western portion of Sao Paulo, and their territorial extension mainly followed the eastbound course of the Marechal Rondon highway. The incidences were characterized as two sequences of concentric ellipses of decreasing intensities. The first and more intense one was found to have its epicenter in the municipality of Castilho (where the Marechal Rondon highway crosses the border of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul) and the second one in Bauru. Mortality was found to have a similar behavior to incidence. The spatial and space-time clusters of cases were observed to coincide with the two areas of highest incidence. Both the space-time clusters identified, even without coinciding in time, were started three years after the human cases were detected and had the same duration, that is, six years. The expansion of visceral leishmaniasis in Sao Paulo has been taking place in an eastbound direction, focusing on the role of highways, especially Marechal Rondon, in this process. The space-time analysis detected the disease occurred in cycles, in different spaces and time periods. These meetings, if considered, may contribute to the adoption of actions that aim to

  11. Electron spin resonance dating of shells from the sambaqui (shell mound) Capelinha, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinoshita, A. [Sao Paulo Univ., Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras. Dept. de Fisica e Matematica; Universidade do Sagrado Coracao, Bauru, SP (Brazil); Figuty, L. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia. Setor de Arqueologia; Baffa, O. [Sao Paulo Univ., Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras. Dept. de Fisica e Matematica

    2006-03-15

    Capelinha is a fluvial sambaqui (Brazilian Shell Mound) located in the Ribeira Valley in the State of Sao Paulo that is being studied. It is one of the oldest sambaquis located along a river dated so far in this region. The use of ESR to date other shells stimulated our group to apply this method to the Capelinha site. Shells from land snails (Megalobulimus sp.) obtained in two levels of excavations were analyzed; one of them was in contact with a skeleton that was dated by C-14. The archaeological doses obtained were (8.05{+-}0.07) Gy and (9.50{+-}0.03) Gy. Since the last site was previously dated by C-14 (Beta -Analytics, Beta 153988) giving: 8860 +/- 60 years BP (conventional age) and 10180 to 9710 years BP (calibrated age), the archaeological dose found for this shell was used to determine the local rate of (0.93 to 0.98) mGy/year, that aggress with other surveys done in the region. Using this dose rate the age of the second shell was found to be 8.14 to 8.73 ky BP that agrees with the stratigraphy of the site. (author)

  12. Cash Transfers and Mayoral Elections: The Case of Sao Paulo's Renda Mínima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Sanches Corrêa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Several recently published studies analyze the effects of national conditional cash transfer (CCT programs, such as the Brazilian Bolsa Família and the Mexican Oportunidades, on presidential elections. Most of them show that these programs boost incumbents' electoral support among the poor. This research note is the first scholarly attempt to investigate this phenomenon at a lower-level unit of a federal state, by assessing the impact of a municipal cash transfer program on a mayoral election. Specifically, it investigates whether Renda Mínima, the cash transfer program of the city of Sao Paulo, affected beneficiaries' electoral behavior in favor of the incumbent candidate in the 2004 mayoral election. This note analyzes survey data from CEBRAP/IBOPE and shows that cash transfers did, indeed, affect beneficiaries' behavior in the predicted direction, but only in cases where they did not benefit from any other CCT program, such as the federal Bolsa Família or the São Paulo state Renda Cidadã. These results suggest that the pro-incumbent effect of CCT programs may be diluted by similar programs launched by governments at other tiers of a federation, even if they are led by the same party.

  13. Measurement of the Radial Velocity of Vega and SAO 104807 by high resolution spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas, F.; Ordoñez, J.; Suarez, W.; Quijano, A.

    2017-07-01

    The radial velocity is the component of the velocity with which a celestial object approaches (blueshift) or go away (redshift) of the observer. The precise measurement of the redshift allowed to Humason and Hubble discover the expansion of the Universe. In 1998 two research teams simultaneously discovered that this expansion is accelerated, for that reason the hypothesis of the dark energy has been raised to explain the existing repulsion. The present work shows the measurement of the radial velocity of Vega and SAO104807 by high resolution spectrometry. Using the instruments of the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Nariño, located in the south of Colombia, was measured the displacement that the spectral lines of both celestial objects suffer due to the Doppler effect. The results obtained were quite close to those recorded in databases such as SIMBAD, according to the used equipment. The instruments used were: Celestron CGE Pro 1400 Telescope, Shelyak LHIRES III High Resolution Spectrometer and SBIG ST-8300 CCD Camera. The characteristics of the spectrometer are: Diffraction grating: 2400 lines/mm, Spectral dispersion (H alpha): 0:012 nm/pixel, Radial velocity resolution: 5 km/s.

  14. {sup 137}Cs and {sup 40}K estimate in edible mushrooms in Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Lilian Pavanelli de; Maihara, Vera A.; Moura, Patricia L.C. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mails: lilian.pavanelli@terra.com.br; vmaihara@ipen.br; patricialandim@ig.com.br; Figueira, Rubens C.L. [Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); E-mail: figueiraru@yahoo.com.br

    2007-07-01

    After the Chernobyl accident in 1986, high levels of the radionuclide accumulation in different foodstuffs and the environment have being reported. The potential of mushrooms to accumulate fallout radionuclides in their fruit bodies have been well recognized. Mushrooms can also accumulate toxic elements in general, including natural radionuclides. In Southern Hemisphere countries, especially in Latin America, there are a few studies on this subject. In Brazilian literature, there are no studies that determine the composition of natural and artificial radionuclides in edible mushrooms. The objective of this study was to measure of {sup 137} Cs and {sup 40}K activity in commercialized edible mushrooms in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The activity measurements were carried out by spectrometry gamma. The system detection efficiency was measured using the certified reference materials IAEA- 300 Marine Sediment and IAEA-375 Soil. The activities of {sup 13}'7Cs in the mushroom samples varied from 2.2 to 6.5 Bq kg{sup -1} for Pleurotus osteatus and Agaricus bisporus respectively. The {sup 40}K activities varied from 150 to 907 Bq kg{sup -1} for Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes, respectively. (author)

  15. Rehabilitation of Sao Sebastiao-Cubatao oil pipeline: integrated planning and action - key for project success

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serodio, Conrado J.M. [GDK S.A., Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2009-12-19

    The execution of the OSBAT 24{sup o}il pipeline rehabilitation project, comprising the substitution of a 30 km section of the 37 years old pipeline has become a real benchmark in the history of this kind of job. The pipeline is inserted in one of the most sensitive environmental areas of the Sao Paulo State - the last Environmental Protection Area of the Mata Atlantica . The growth of human presence in its surroundings during the last three decades, has caused the right-of-way to be totally confined by luxury housing developments, streets, highways and resorts, as well as by the local communities and their activities, schools, and commerce. The pipeline runs through the Serra do Mar unstable mountain range slopes, with sequences of very steep hills and ravines followed by swamps and rivers. The success of such a challenging project - assembling the new line in a narrow ROW with all its restrictions, where the old line was still in operation, and complying with the tight work schedule required by PETROBRAS, was only possible due to a carefully managed combination of: accurate planning, best engineering methods and equipment and experienced workforce, deeply integrated in a massive effort towards safety, environmental care and social responsibility. (author)

  16. Sedimentation rates in Atibaia River basin, Sao Paulo State, Brazil, using {sup 210}Pb as geochronometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sabaris, T.P.P. [Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Av. 24-A, No. 1515, C.P. 178, CEP 13506-900, Rio Claro, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Bonotto, D.M., E-mail: danielbonotto@yahoo.com.b [Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Av. 24-A, No. 1515, C.P. 178, CEP 13506-900, Rio Claro, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2011-01-15

    The constant initial concentration (CIC) of unsupported/excess {sup 210}Pb model was successfully used to assess {sup 210}Pb data of nine sediment cores from Atibaia River basin, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The {sup 210}Pb-based apparent sediment mass accumulation rates ranged from 47.7 to 782.4 mg/cm{sup 2} yr, whereas the average linear sedimentation rates between 0.16 and 1.32 cm/yr, which are compatible with the calculated sediment mass fluxes, i.e. a higher sediment mass accumulation rate yielded a higher linear sedimentation rate. The higher long-term based accumulation rate tended to be found in topographically softer regions. This occurs because the sediments are preferentially transported in topographically steeper regions instead of being deposited. Anthropic activities like deforestation possibly interfered with the natural/normal sedimentation processes, which increased in accordance with modifications on the channel drainage. The radionuclide geochronology as described in this paper allows determination of sedimentation rates that are compatible with values estimated elsewhere. The adoption of an appropriate factor generated from previous laboratory experiments resulted in a successful correction for the {sup 222}Rn-loss from the sediments, bringing the estimate of the parent-supported (in-situ produced) {sup 210}Pb to reliable values required by the CIC model.

  17. Radiocarbon geochronology of the sediments of the Sao Paulo bight (Southern Brazilian upper margin)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahiques, Michel M.; Sousa, Silvia H.M.; Burone, Leticia; Nagai, Renata H.; Silveira, Ilson C.A.; Figueira, Rubens C.L.; Soutelino, Rafael G.; Ponsoni, Leandro; Klein, Daniel A., E-mail: mahiques@usp.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. Oceanografico

    2011-09-15

    The aim of this work was to generate an inventory of the data on radiocarbon dating obtained from sediments of the Sao Paulo bight (southern Brazilian upper margin) and to analyze the data in terms of Late Quaternary sedimentary processes and sedimentation rates. A total of 238 radiocarbon dating from materials collected using different sampling procedures was considered for this work. The sedimentation rates varied from less than 2 to 68 cm.kyr{sup -1}. The highest sedimentation rate values were found in a low-energy (ria type) coastal system as well as in the upwelling zones of Santa Catarina and Cabo Frio. The lowest rates were found on the outer shelf and upper slopes. Our results confirm the strong dependency of the shelf currents, with an emphasis to the terrigenous input from the Rio de La Plata outflow which is transported via the Brazilian coastal current, as well as of the coupled Brazil Current - Intermediate Western Boundary Current (BC-IWBC) dynamics on the sedimentary processes. At least three indicators of the paleo sea level were found at 12200 yr BP (conventional radiocarbon age) (103 meters below sea level - mbsl), 8300-8800 cal yr BP (13 mbsl) and 7700-8100 cal yr BP (6 mbsl). (author)

  18. [Relationship between low birthweight and air pollution in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros, Andréa; Gouveia, Nelson

    2005-12-01

    Air pollution has been investigated as a potential determinant for low birthweight. The aim of the present study was to study the effect of air pollution on birthweight. We analyzed all deliveries by mothers living in the municipality of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, between 1998 and 2000. We estimated the prevalence of low birthweight according to newborn, mother, and delivery characteristics. Only births occurring in the most central districts of the city were analyzed, totaling 311.735 events. For the evaluation of the effects of air pollution, we excluded preterm and multiple deliveries. Pollutants analyzed were ozone (O3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), suspended particles (PM10), and carbon monoxide (CO). The effect of maternal exposure to air pollution on birthweight was evaluated using linear and logistic regression. A total of 4.6% of newborns weighed less than 2,500 g at birth. Maternal exposure to CO, PM10, and NO2 during the first trimester of pregnancy was significantly associated with decreased birthweight. Our results reinforce the notion that maternal exposure to air pollution during the first trimester of pregnancy may contribute to lesser weight gain in the fetus.

  19. Three years of seasonal dose assessment from outdoors gamma exposure in Sao Paulo city, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carneiro, Janete C.G.G.; Sanches, Matias P.; Betti, Flavio; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: janetegc@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Measurements of external (outdoors) gamma exposure from natural background radiation have been used to estimate the average annual doses in Sao Paulo city. Twelve monitoring stations were placed in different regions of the town including both urban (where building materials are present) and outskirts areas. Seasonally surveys observing the four seasons from 2008 to 2010 have been carried out. The data were drawn from a 3-month sampling using the thermoluminescent dosimetry. The effective doses values are quite similar (slightly higher during the winter), so it can be considered that these results are not under significant influence (or variability) of seasonal environmental conditions like temperature, wind or rain. Dose values over the three years period, from Vila Carrao district, exclusively an urban location with mostly no green areas, present the highest values, while the lower values were always obtained for Tucuruvi district, near the biggest urban forest, Parque Estadual da Cantareira. Over the assessed period, the mean of the average annual effective doses was 1.3 {+-} 0.1 mSv.y{sup -1}. For the same period, the average annual background from nuclear and radioactive facility at IPEN was 0.75 {+-} 0.12 mSv.y{sup -1}. (author)

  20. Natural radionuclides in the Brazilian coast region: 1. Estuarine complex Cananeia-Iguape, Sao Paulo State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franca, E.J. de; Ferreira, Fabiano S.; Silva Neto, Paulo C.; Farias, Emerson E.G. de; Figueira, Rubens C.L.; Ribeiro, Andreza P., E-mail: ejfranca@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: biologofabiano10@gmail.com, E-mail: ptpoli@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: emersonemiliano@yahoo.com.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Mangrove forests are of utmost important ecosystems for biogeochemical transport processes in a global scale because of the preferential transport via sediments and organic matter from continents to oceans. Such ecosystems are the richest biodiversity areas, in which bioaccumulation of chemical substances can be expected for some species, in this case, there is a lack of knowledge of natural radionuclides accumulation in mangrove vegetation. This work encompasses the first results obtained for the Estuarine Complex Cananeia-Iguape, a peculiar coast area of the Sao Paulo State, Brazil. In 2011, leaf samples of Rhyzophora mangle and Laguncularia racemosa trees with perimeter at the breast height higher than 15 cm were collected in the conservation unit Parque Estadual Ilha do Cardoso. Sample preparation consisted of leaf washing, oven-drying, milling in porcelain mortar at the particle size lower than 0.5 mm. Portions of 10 g were transferred to polyethylene vials of appropriate geometry for the analysis by high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. Reference materials were analyzed together to evaluate the quality of the analytical procedure. K-40 was preferentially allocated in leaves. Some accumulation in leaves was noticed for Pb-210 and Ac-228 depending on the species, indicating differences of radionuclide distribution in the mangrove vegetation. (author)

  1. Municipal solid wastes incineration with combined cycle: a case study from Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerda Balcazar, Juan Galvarino; Dias, Rubens Alves; Balestieri, Jose Antonio Perrella [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil)], E-mails: pos09007@feg.unesp.br, rubdias@feg.unesp.br

    2010-07-01

    Large urban centers have a huge demand for electricity, for the needs of its residents, and a growing problem of management of solid waste generated by it, that becomes an public administrative and great social problem. The correct disposal of solid waste generated by large urban centers is now one of the most complex engineering problems involving logistics, safety, environment, energy spent among other tools for sound management of municipal solid waste (MSW). This study was carried out a study of the use of incinerators and residue derived fuel and MSW with combined cycles, with the aim of producing thermal and mechanical energy (this later becomes electrical energy) and solid waste treatment in Sao Paulo. We used existing models and real plants in the European Union in this case, with the aim of making it the most viable and compatible with the current context of energy planning and resource today. A technical and economic feasibility study for a plant of this nature, using the scheme, is presented. It is expected a good attractiveness of using incinerators combined-cycle, due to its high efficiency and its ability to thermoelectric generation. (author)

  2. Tecnologias digitais: reflexões sobre usos e excessos ilustradas pelos quadrinhos de Andre Dahmer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Cabello

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes some reflections about possible crossings/impacts on subjective processes from the appropriation of digital technologies in the twenty-first century and how their uses and (alleged excesses have impacted on the subjective constitutions facing other ways humans can show/look/feel/teach, that constitutes the established relationships in the network society. From a historical and cultural perspective, we discuss about the appropriation of digital technologies and the constitutions of subjectivity (individual and in a wider social context, with the backdrop of the illustrations of the Brazilian cartoonist Andre Dahmer, who, through social networks, discloses his work, which provokes and invites us to think about how we relate and therefore, we show and look at ourselves, feel, teach and learn in new subjective configurations with are crossed, constituted and reconstituted by the appropriation of technologies in the contemporary scene.

  3. The interior capture of life. Le Corbusier and André Malraux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sofía Pereira da Silva

    2016-05-01

    Writings from both authors and architectural projects from Le Corbusier –  Mundial Museum, Mundaneum and Museum of Unlimited Growth- will be observed in order to map the existent affinities between the two authors. However, life’s pragmatic circumstances often oppose what uses to be in accordance. André Malraux’s classification of the Villa Savoye, while he was  Minister of the Cultural Affairs, aimed to save one of Le Corbusier’s  masterpieces. Nevertheless, this action banned the architect the possibility to transform the Villa Savoye into a new program (in a first approach and, finally, excluded him the possibility of authorship of the rehabilitation project, which was subsequently entrusted to an architect working in the National Monuments bureau. This suspected moment of friction between the two authors shall be motive of observation.

  4. Bioseguridad y armas biológicas:\tLa amenaza de Andrómeda (1971

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel SÁNCHEZ

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available La amenaza de Andrómeda es la adaptación cinematográfica de la obra homónima escrita por Michael Crichton. Puede considerarse como la película más “microbiológica” del Séptimo Arte. Dirigida por Robert Wise, este tecno-thriller describe los esfuerzos de un equipo de científicos para caracterizar y contener a un microorganismo patógeno extraterrestre. A pesar de haber sido realizada hace 40 años, se tratan temas de plena actualidad como es el de las armas biológicas, las medidas de aislamiento y protección, la automatización en los procedimientos sanitarios y la toma de decisiones ante una situación grave e inesperada.

  5. [André Detoeuf (1884-1931): pharmacist, industrialist and chemist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclercq, Loïc

    2011-04-01

    During the transition between the 19th and 20th century, Auguste Béhal (1859-1941), a native of Lens (France, Pas-de-Calais), renewed organic chemistry teaching at the Paris School of Pharmacy by the introduction of atomic notation and pre-electronic mechanisms. This revolution primarily affects the future pharmacists. Thus, Béhal becomes the leader of a "School" of thought and directs the work of many students called "Béhaliens": Ernest Fourneau (1872-1949), Marc Tiffeneau (1873-1945), Marcel Sommelet (1877-1952), etc. Among these students, three are also from Lens: Amand Valeur (1870-1927), Raymond Delaby (1891-1958) and André Detoeuf (1884-1931). The latter, initially, will follow the footsteps of his older siblings (pharmacy studies, writing a thesis under the direction of Behal); however, despite having started a career in academia, he left his post for the industry (Etablissements Kuhlmann and Billault).

  6. Andrés Pérez : una vida para el teatro

    OpenAIRE

    Ceccotti, Francesca

    2009-01-01

    Si pienso en el teatro, más allá de una definición académica del término, pienso en una fiesta y un evento popular con participación “masiva”, pienso en un ritual, en un espacio sagrado y todo eso está presente en el trabajo de Andrés Pérez. Esta es mi verdad, la que voy a contar en este escrito, una verdad subjetiva sin duda y además una verdad que pasa no solo a través de lo efímero del teatro, sino también pasa por los recuerdos de mis testigos, por su memoria, gracias a las entrevistas qu...

  7. Chelonians trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo); Monitoramento de encalhe de quelonios marinhos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G.; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M. [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A. [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the marine chelonians stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 159 chelonians stranded were registered. The species Chelonia mydas was prevailing in number and distribution. This species make use of this beach area to food. Lepidochelys olivacea was the second species in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Caretta caretta and Eretmochelys imbricata. There was only one reproductive register, of Caretta caretta species. (author)

  8. Cetaceans trading monitoring during seismic survey in North Fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) and South Capixaba (Espirito Santo) coasts; Monitoramento de encalhe de cetaceos durante levantamento de dados sismicos na costa norte fluminense (Rio de Janeiro) e sul capixaba (Espirito Santo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Thays P.C.; Carloni, Giuliano G.; Erber, Claudia; Sabino, Carla M. [Ecologus Engenharia Consultiva, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George A. [CGGVeritas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this research is to present the results of the cetaceans stranding monitoring developed during and after the seismic survey in the north area of Rio de Janeiro and south of Espirito Santo. The monitoring lasted six months, reaching 200 km of beaches, from the Rio de Janeiro North up to the Espirito Santo South coasts. It was conducted by 34 monitors, who covered predefined beach sections daily, registering the stranded animals. At the end of the project, 15 cetaceans stranded were registered. The species Sotalia guianensis was prevailing in number and distribution. Megaptera novaeangliae was the second specie in geographic distribution and number of registers. The other species identified were Tursiops truncatus and Peponocephala electra. (author)

  9. Monetization non associated natural gas offshore reserve in the Espirito Santo Basin; Monetizacao de uma reserva 'offshore' de gas natural nao associado na Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelman, Jose Ricardo; Barbosa, Leonardo Alcantara [BG Group, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Cintra, Marcos Antonio Lins da Costa [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Brunet, Patricia Lima [Anadarko Exploracao e Producao Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Longo, Rafael Rodrigo [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper analyzes, from the perspective of a new player in the Brazilian market, the opportunities and the challenges to monetize a non-associated natural gas offshore resource, located in the Espirito Santo Basin. The fictitious exploration block 'BM-ES-07', located in shallow waters, near to the coast of Linhares, in Espirito Santo, was a hundred percent acquired, by an international independent oil and gas company during the fourth bid round of the ANP, occurred in 2002. With 10 (ten) billion cubic meters (m{sup 3}) of recoverable gas, the field will initiate its production in 2012, also producing condensate (C5+). The total investments are estimated (based in 2006 prices) in R$420 millions, including exploration, development and production costs. Considering the assumptions presented, the article describes the project development, presenting the economics results, and also discusses the alternatives for natural gas marketing. (author)

  10. Primeiras observações sobre o Aedes Albopictus no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil First observations on Aedes albopictus in the State of Espirito Santo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim A. Ferreira Neto

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Observações realizadas no Estado do Espírito Santo mostraram que o Aedes albopictus, ao ser introduzido no Brasil, não modificou, significativamente, o seu comportamento. Os criadouros são os mesmos utilizados na Ásia e situados, de preferência, em áreas abertas. Os mosquitos adultos se abrigam em vegetação baixa e freqüentam pouco o domicílio.Observations performed at the State of Espirito Santo showed that Aedes albopictus did not change its behaviour to a significant extent after being introduced in Brazil. The breeding places are the same as those described in Asia and can be found more frequently in open areas. The adult mosquitoes rest in short vegetation and only sporadically penetrate into the human habitations.

  11. Effect of bioglass on growth and biomineralization of SaOS-2 cells in hydrogel after 3D cell bioprinting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaohong; Tolba, Emad; Schröder, Heinz C; Neufurth, Meik; Feng, Qingling; Diehl-Seifert, Bärbel; Müller, Werner E G

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the effect of bioglass (bioactive glass) on growth and mineralization of bone-related SaOS-2 cells, encapsulated into a printable and biodegradable alginate/gelatine hydrogel. The hydrogel was supplemented either with polyphosphate (polyP), administered as polyP • Ca2+-complex, or silica, or as biosilica that had been enzymatically prepared from ortho-silicate by silicatein. These hydrogels, together with SaOS-2 cells, were bioprinted to computer-designed scaffolds. The results revealed that bioglass (nano)particles, with a size of 55 nm and a molar ratio of SiO2 : CaO : P2O5 of 55 : 40 : 5, did not affect the growth of the encapsulated cells. If silica, biosilica, or polyP • Ca2+-complex is co-added to the cell-containing alginate/gelatin hydrogel the growth behavior of the cells is not changed. Addition of 5 mg/ml of bioglass particles to this hydrogel significantly enhanced the potency of the entrapped SaOS-2 cells to mineralize. If compared with the extent of the cells to form mineral deposits in the absence of bioglass, the cells exposed to bioglass together with 100 µmoles/L polyP • Ca2+-complex increased their mineralization activity from 2.1- to 3.9-fold, or with 50 µmoles/L silica from 1.8- to 2.9-fold, or with 50 µmoles/L biosilica from 2.7- to 4.8-fold or with the two components together (100 µmoles/L polyP • Ca2+-complex and 50 µmoles/L biosilica) from 4.1- to 6.8-fold. Element analysis by EDX spectrometry of the mineral nodules formed by SaOS-2 revealed an accumulation of O, P, Ca and C, indicating that the mineral deposits contain, besides Ca-phosphate also Ca-carbonate. The results show that bioglass added to alginate/gelatin hydrogel increases the proliferation and mineralization of bioprinted SaOS-2 cells. We conclude that the development of cell-containing scaffolds consisting of a bioprintable, solid and cell-compatible inner matrix surrounded by a printable hard and flexible outer matrix containing bioglass, provide

  12. Effect of bioglass on growth and biomineralization of SaOS-2 cells in hydrogel after 3D cell bioprinting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Wang

    Full Text Available We investigated the effect of bioglass (bioactive glass on growth and mineralization of bone-related SaOS-2 cells, encapsulated into a printable and biodegradable alginate/gelatine hydrogel. The hydrogel was supplemented either with polyphosphate (polyP, administered as polyP • Ca2+-complex, or silica, or as biosilica that had been enzymatically prepared from ortho-silicate by silicatein. These hydrogels, together with SaOS-2 cells, were bioprinted to computer-designed scaffolds. The results revealed that bioglass (nanoparticles, with a size of 55 nm and a molar ratio of SiO2 : CaO : P2O5 of 55 : 40 : 5, did not affect the growth of the encapsulated cells. If silica, biosilica, or polyP • Ca2+-complex is co-added to the cell-containing alginate/gelatin hydrogel the growth behavior of the cells is not changed. Addition of 5 mg/ml of bioglass particles to this hydrogel significantly enhanced the potency of the entrapped SaOS-2 cells to mineralize. If compared with the extent of the cells to form mineral deposits in the absence of bioglass, the cells exposed to bioglass together with 100 µmoles/L polyP • Ca2+-complex increased their mineralization activity from 2.1- to 3.9-fold, or with 50 µmoles/L silica from 1.8- to 2.9-fold, or with 50 µmoles/L biosilica from 2.7- to 4.8-fold or with the two components together (100 µmoles/L polyP • Ca2+-complex and 50 µmoles/L biosilica from 4.1- to 6.8-fold. Element analysis by EDX spectrometry of the mineral nodules formed by SaOS-2 revealed an accumulation of O, P, Ca and C, indicating that the mineral deposits contain, besides Ca-phosphate also Ca-carbonate. The results show that bioglass added to alginate/gelatin hydrogel increases the proliferation and mineralization of bioprinted SaOS-2 cells. We conclude that the development of cell-containing scaffolds consisting of a bioprintable, solid and cell-compatible inner matrix surrounded by a printable hard and flexible outer matrix containing

  13. Outbreak of type C botulism in chickens in Pancas city, Espírito Santo state, Brazil
    Surto de botulismo tipo C em frangos na cidade de Pancas, Espírito Santo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva; Prhiscylla Sadanã Pires; Felipe Masiero Salvarani; Carlos Augusto de Oliveira Júnior; Gustavo Xavier Wassita de Souza; Fernanda Celano de Minas Santos; Rogério Pinheiro Caldas; Ronnie Antunes de Assis; Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato; Guilherme Guerra Alves

    2013-01-01

    This work aims to describe an outbreak of botulism in poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus), in Pancas City, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The birds were derived from a subsistence property with approximately 150 domestic fowls. The owner reported finding some birds lying on the floor and others exhibiting limited mobility. Ten animals in agony were euthanized, necropsied and had their blood serum collected. About 72 hours after the onset of clinical signs, 144 (96%) animals of the creation had ...

  14. Kas toiduainete hind on õiglane? Ei, isegi odav! / Andres Sooniste, Juhan Särgava, Kristjan Kongo, Kati Kusmin ; intervjueerinud Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Vestlusringis toiduainete hindade üle arutamas on Tarbijakaitse ameti peadirektor Andres Sooniste, Põllumeeste Keskliidu president Juhan Särgava, Fazer Eesti ASi juhatuse esimees Kristjan Kongo ja ETK juhatuse esimees Kati Kusmin

  15. Teeleht küsib: mis on teie organisatsiooni ressursid ja valmisolek liiklusohutuse valdkonna edendamiseks? / Joosep Kaasik, Andres Harjo, Martin Harak, Heigo Saare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Vastavad Polisei- ja Piirivalveameti peadirektori asetäitja korrakaitsepolitsei alal Joosep Kaasik, Tallinna Transpordiameti juhataja Andres Harjo, Eesti Autospordi Liidu peasekretär Martin Harak, Tehnilise Järelevalve Ameti raudteeinfrastruktuuri osakonna juhataja Heigo Saare

  16. Notes to the recent reissue of the book Poems of the mothers of Gabriela Mistral With illustrations by André Racz

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mónica R. Ravelo García

    2017-01-01

    The book The Mothers’ Poems, combining the verses of Gabriela Mistral and drawings of the artist Andre Racz, has been reissued by Ediciones Radio Universidad de Chile with the support of the National Council for Culture and the Arts (CNCA...

  17. 'Noche es día' de Katia Maciel y André Parente: una reflexión sobre el habitar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Martín Maldonado

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The exhibition, exploring Katia Maciel and André Parente's work, consisted in a multiple refexion of the ways a couple's relationship manifests itself through architectural links.

  18. Tectonic-stratigraphic evolution of mini-basins and salt provinces of Espirito Santo Basin-Brazil; Analise da evolucao tectono sedimentar de mini-bacias e provincias de sal da Bacia do Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira Neto, Walter Dias; Fernandes, Flavio Luis [Petroleum Geoscience Technology Ltda. (PGT), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mohriak, Webster [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The Espirito Santo Basin integrates the group of basins along the eastern Brazilian continental margin. It is located between 18 deg and 21 deg S, encompassing an area of approximately 220,000 km{sup 2}, onshore and offshore the Espirito Santo State. Its geological limit with the Campos Basin to the south is defined by a Precambrian basement high (Vitoria Arch), and its northern limit with the Mucuri Basin is defined by a geopolitical limit. The study of salt tectonics processes in the Espirito Santo Basin allowed the deformational analysis and interpretation of the chronological evolution of the mini-basins developed between salt diapirs. We observe an intrinsic relationship between halokinesis and creation of subsidence troughs that may be important for trapping hydrocarbon reservoirs, and consequently form oil and gas accumulations in this portion of the basin. This geodynamics evolution of these structures is marked by a strong linkage between salt movement and coeval sedimentation in the interdomal basins, forming structures and stratigraphic traps that may constitute important aspects for the petroleum geology. (author)

  19. Analysis of the influence of the Colatina Belt in the Campos and Espirito Santo Basins-Brazil; Analise da influencia da Faixa Colatina nas Bacias de Campos e Espirito Santo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Gustavo Henrique Teixeira da; Simoes, Luiz Sergio Amarante; Souza, Iata Anderson de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    Recent discoveries in the Espirito Santo Basin confirm the importance of it in the national exploratory scenery (oil and gas production). The new fields like Carapo and Camarupim, beyond others, next to already known Golfinho and Canapu, totalize an addition of 560 million barrels. In this way, studies in the area add importance, as the case of the present research, where if it looked to analyze the influence of Colatina Belt in Espirito Santo Basin and secondarily in Campos Basin. The results had been gotten through the integration of diverse data, such as lineaments extracted from images SRTM, potential maps and analyze of seismic lines. It was concluded that the Colatina Belt if projects for the interior of the basins, but that the same one seems to be dislocated in relation to the direct projection of the continental features, being that its influence can be felt with bigger emphasis in the Campos Basin, while in the Espirito Santo it look like to have low importance with regard to the exploration aspects. Also it was verified the presence of numerous halo kinetic structures that affect all the mapped horizons, this element determine great importance in the generation of structural traps. (author)

  20. SANTOS - a two-dimensional finite element program for the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of solids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, C.M.

    1997-07-01

    SANTOS is a finite element program designed to compute the quasistatic, large deformation, inelastic response of two-dimensional planar or axisymmetric solids. The code is derived from the transient dynamic code PRONTO 2D. The solution strategy used to compute the equilibrium states is based on a self-adaptive dynamic relaxation solution scheme, which is based on explicit central difference pseudo-time integration and artificial mass proportional damping. The element used in SANTOS is a uniform strain 4-node quadrilateral element with an hourglass control scheme to control the spurious deformation modes. Finite strain constitutive models for many common engineering materials are included. A robust master-slave contact algorithm for modeling sliding contact is implemented. An interface for coupling to an external code is also provided. 43 refs., 22 figs.

  1. A contribuição de Milton Santos para os estudos de ecossistemas das mídias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio B. Josgrilberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo presentar posibles aportes del geógrafo brasileño Milton Santos al análisis de los ecosistemas de los medios. El texto busca dialogar con la tradición de los estudios comunicacionales conocidos como ecología de los medios, que es altamente influenciada por nombres como Marshall McLuhan, Neil Postman y Walter Ong. El artículo también se apoya en conceptos y metáforas retiradas de las ciencias de los ecosistemas, y concluye que el principal aporte de Santos al debate está en cómo él articula la cuestión del poder económico y técnico a su análisis del espacio geográfico haciendo uso de abordajes sistémicos y dialécticos.

  2. Una encrucijada incierta. Independentismo, anexionismo y abolición de la esclavitud en Santo Domingo, 1809-1821.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Belmonte Postigo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La reintegración de Santo Domingo a la Monarquía española tuvo serias dificultades que amenazaron el asentamiento del sistema colonial español. La compleja situación política de la península, y la extensión del movimiento insurgente en los territorios continentales, supusieron obstáculos que imposibilitaron la remisión de los recursos que Santo Domingo demandaba. En mitad del marasmo económico, el auge de las ideas independentistas cobró cada vez mayor relevancia, dando lugar a toda una serie de conspiraciones inspiradas en dos modelos, el caraqueño y el haitiano, que pretendían el establecimiento de un nuevo modelo político y que observaba de manera disímil el mantenimiento de la esclavitud.

  3. ZONEAMENTO ACROCLIMÁTICO PARA O CULTIVO DO ABACAXI NO ESPÍRITO SANTO MEDIANTE INTERPOLAÇÃO ESPACIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alixelhe Pacheco Damascena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, o abacaxizeiro é uma frutífera de ampla distribuição no território nacional ocupando a sexta posição como a fruta mais produzida no país. Objetivou-se, com este estudo, propor a determinação do Zoneamento Agroclimático do Ananas comosus L. mediante a utilização de interpolação espacial para o estado do Espírito Santo. As etapas metodológicas necessárias para avaliar o zoneamento foram: geração do banco de dados e interpolação espacial. Os resultados mostraram que o Espírito Santo possui 73,77% de suas áreas aptas ao cultivo, 21,76% restritas e 4,48% de suas áreas inaptas ao cultivo do abacaxizeiro.

  4. Grafismo rupestre paleolítico de la Cueva del Conde (Tuñón, Santo Adriano, Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba FERNÁNDEZ REY

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: LOS grabados de la Cueva del Conde (Tuñón, Santo Adriano, Asturias se sitúan en tres zonas: dos en el entrante más septentrional de la cavidad y el tercer conjunto en la entrada en alto de la pared meridional. Se les asigna una cronología Aurifiaciense, con similitudes de otros grabados asturianos como los de la Viña (Manzaneda, Oviedo, Asturias.ABSTRACT: The engravings of Conde Cave (Tuñón, Santo Adtiano, Asturias are placed in three areas: two in the most northern incoming of the cave and the third set in a little incoming placed high in the southern wall. The supposed age for these engravings is Aurignacian, with similarity with other engravings of caves from Asturias, as La Viña Cave (Manzaneda, Oviedo, Asturias.

  5. Sarucallis kahawaluokalani (Kirkaldy) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a new invasive aphid on San Andres island and mainland Colombia, with notes on other adventive species

    OpenAIRE

    Kondo, Takumasa; Cortés, Ronald Simbaqueba

    2014-01-01

    The crape myrtle aphid Sarucallis kahawaluokalani (Kirkaldy) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) collected on Lagerstroemia indica (Lythraceae) is herein reported as a new invasive species in the city of Palmira, State of Valle del Cauca, and on San Andres island, in the State of San Andres, Old Providence and Santa Catalina, Colombia. The species is illustrated and diagnosed. A brief review of recent invasive species in Colombia, i.e., Ceroplastes rubens Maskell (Hemiptera: Coccidae), Crypticerya multici...

  6. Determination of essential and toxic elements in sea bass (Centropomus sp.) and hake (Cynoscion leiarchus) consumed in the city of Sao Paulo by neutron activation analysis; Determinacao de elementos essenciais e toxicos em robalo (Centropomus sp.) e pescada (Cynoscion leiarchus) consumidos na cidade de Sao Paulo por analise por ativacao de neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabiano, Karen C.; Moreira, Edson G.; Vasconcellos, Marina B.A., E-mail: karen.fabiano@usp.br, E-mail: emoreira@ipen.br, E-mail: mbvascon@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The goal was to use the Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) to evaluate the levels of essential and toxic elements in samples of hake (Cynoscion leiarchus) and sea bass (Centropomus sp.) that are most consumed fish in the town of some Sao Paulo. Ten specimens of hake and sea bass were acquired in Companhia de Entrepostos e Armazens Gerais de Sao Paulo (CEAGESP), main supply center for the population of the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo. After gutted and cleaned, the edible tissue was freeze-dried, ground and sieved. The elements were determined through the use of hyperpure germanium spectrometer after irradiation in the nuclear research reactor IEAR-1.

  7. Cadeia de valores: estudo de caso múltiplo em buffets infantis na cidade de Santos (SP)

    OpenAIRE

    Jardim, Ana Carolina; Varandas, Caroline dos Santos Pinto; Peres, Veronica Nogueira; Barros, Alexandre Silva de; Claro, Jose Alberto Carvalho dos Santos; da Silva, Esther Lima de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    The children's buffet business develops rapidly in the Brazilian society. The aim is to analyze, through multiple case study, three companies located in the city of Santos and observe how they achieve competitive advantage over the other, further their proposed value chain. The main result is perceived value activities which are the most used those which, somehow, are ignored by companies, then contributing to understanding how this market segment works. El negocio buffet infantil se desar...

  8. Infección por HIV y comportamiento de riesgo relacionados con colectores de basura de Santos, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Rozman,Mauro Abrahão; Alves,Igor Santino; Porto,Marcela Alves; Gomes,Patrícia Oliveira; Ribeiro,Nilva Maria; Nogueira,Lucyene Aparecida Andrade; CASEIRO, Marcos Monteiro; Silva, Vera Aparecida da; Massad, Eduardo; BURATTINI, Marcelo Nascimento

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis and to describe risk behaviors associated to their transmission among recyclable waste collectors. METHODS: A seroepidemiological survey was carried out in the city of Santos, Southeastern Brazil, in 2005. A total of 315 individuals were enrolled in the survey, of which 253 subjects underwent serological testing HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis. Statistical analysis consisted of univariate and bivariate analys...

  9. PieSanto, empresa valenciana de calzado, reorienta su producto al nuevo consumidor "mujer sénior"

    OpenAIRE

    Marzo Rosello, Raquel; López Vicente, Mª Amparo; Gamón Sanz, Alejandro; Soriano Garcia, Carolina; GONZALEZ GARCIA, JUAN CARLOS; Solves Camallonga, Clara; SUCH PÉREZ, MARÍA JOSÉ; POVEDA PUENTE, RAKEL

    2011-01-01

    [EN] Not only elderly population has increased, but they have also changed their consumer profile in relation to the past. Over 25% of the sales of products and services of great consumption are focused to them. Something is changing into his habits of purchase, which turns them into a very attractive sector for the business world. Instituto de Biomecánica (IBV) has applied innovative methodologies of design oriented to the persons to the products of PieSanto, a co...

  10. Dieta de la lagartija de las playas Microlophus peruvianus (Reptilia: Tropiduridae en la playa Santo Domingo, Ica, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Quispitúpac

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La lagartija de las playas Microlophus peruvianus es uno de los saurios más conspicuos del Desierto Costero peruano, sin embargo, existe muy poca información sobre su dieta. Se reporta información de la dieta de M. peruvianus en la playa Santo Domingo, Ica, que evidencia importantes diferencias entre los principales item alimentarios de juveniles y adultos, que podrían estar reduciendo la competencia intraespecífica.

  11. Air pollution and respiratory diseases in the Municipality of Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Castro,Hermano Albuquerque de; Hacon,Sandra; Argento,Roberta; Junger,Washington Leite; Mello,Carla F. de; Castiglioni Júnior,Nilson; Costa,José Gustavo da

    2007-01-01

    In Brazil, increasing air pollution in urban areas has led to a rise in respiratory diseases among children and the elderly and has also been the main cause of hospital admissions. This study aims to evaluate the air pollution levels in Vitória, capital of Espírito Santo State, Brazil, in comparison to Brazilian legislation and recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, analyzing the spatial distribution of asthma cases treated at local outpatient services. A descriptive epidemiologic...

  12. The royalties application on President Kennedy city, Espirito Santo, Brazil; A aplicacao dos royalties em Presidente Kennedy, ES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knaak, Fabricio Jose Bassetto; Cardia, Tarik Hajab [Centro Universitario Vila Velha (UVV), ES (Brazil). Curso de Relacoes Internacionais

    2008-07-01

    This work aims to assemble a study of implementation of royalty in the municipality of President Kennedy - the state of Espirito Santo, showing the disparity between the collection of royalties on oil and quality of infrastructure that the city offers. Based on data the prefecture of the municipality, PNUD and competent bodies, we will show how the money is being used comes from royalties on oil, and what policies the city council's adopting this to apply this feature. (author)

  13. Congo do Divino Espírito Santo, de Pinhões, MG: abertura de um Reinado por Mulheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Helena Barroso

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo da dissertação de mestrado:BARROSO, Sandra Helena. Congo do Divino Espírito Santo, de Pinhões, MG: abertura de um Reinado por Mulheres. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado -  Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte

  14. Numerical diagnostic of the circulation in the Santos Bight with COROAS hydrographic data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Cirano

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This work represents part of the analyses of the data generated during the first two mesoscale hydrographic cruises of COROAS Project: one during the Summer and the other during the Winter of 1993. The area surveyed during these cruises is the region of the South Brazil Bight (or Santos Bight limited at the coast by the cities of Ubatuba and Iguape, extending from the 50 m isobath to oceanic regions with depths greater than 2500 m. The main goal of this work consisted of the adaptation of the Princeton Ocean Model to the area of study, including realistic topography, observed thermohaline structure and open boundaries. Using this model, a set of diagnostic experiments was realized using density structures based on the COROAS hydrographic data. The baroclinic velocity fields obtained, as expected from preliminary analyses of the thermohaline structures, showed similar features for the Brazil Current in bOla seasonal cruises. The results show an intrusion of Tropical Water over the continental shelf in the region between Ubatuba and Santos, both during the Summer and the Winter cruises. The results also suggest the penetration of the South Atlantic Central Water, underneath the Tropical Water, to the external part of the continental shelf in both occasions.Este artigo representa parte das análises desenvolvidas com os dados hidrográficos coletados durante os dois primeiros cruzeiros do sub-projeto Hidrografia de Meso-escala (HM do Projeto COROAS: o primeiro no verão e o outro no inverno de 1993. A área amostrada nos dois cruzeiros é limitada na costa pelas cidades de Iguape e Ubatuba, estendendo-se da isóbata de 50 m até regiões oceânicas com mais de 2500 m de profundidade. O objetivo central deste trabalho resumiu-se na adaptação do Princeton Ocean Model para a região de estudo, incluindo batimetria real, os campos termohalinos observados e contornos abertos. Usando-se esse modelo, realizou-se um conjunto de experimentos diagn

  15. Postura y equilibrio de las miniaturas orgánicas del Códice de San Andrés de Arroyo Posture and balance of the organic miniatures of the Codex of San Andrés de Arroyo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina Martínez Rodríguez

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Los Beatos son códices medievales españoles que hacen referencia al Apocalipsis. El texto está profusamente acompañado de miniaturas con personajes humanos y celestiales. El Beato de San Andrés de Arroyo es uno de ellos. Hemos realizado un análisis anatómico y postural de las figuras que aparecen en estos Beatos. Hemos encontrado figuras humanas y celestiales cuya postura y equilibrio son disarmónicas, contrariando a la fisiología. De otro lado hemos encontrado otras figuras que mantienen un perfecto equilibrio, representando correctamente el movimiento y la estática. Creemos en base a todo ello que en el Beato de San Andrés de Arroyo hubo más de un artista iluminador, uno de ellos era más naturalista que el otro u otros.The Beatuses are Spanish medieval codices that refer to the Apocalypses. Miniatures full of human and celestial characters accompany the text. The Beatus of San Andrés de Arroyo is one of them. We have made an anatomic and postural analysis of the figures of this Beatus. We’ve found human and celestial figures who’s posture and balance are lacking in harmony, contrary to physiology. On the other hand we have found other figures that maintain a perfect balance, representing movement and motionlessness correctly.We believe, based on all this, that there is more than one Beatus de San Andrés de Arroyo illustrator, one of them being more of a naturalist than the other.

  16. Integrated quality assessment of sediments from harbour areas in Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System, Southern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buruaem, Lucas Moreira; de Castro, Ítalo Braga; Hortellani, Marcos Antonio; Taniguchi, Satie; Fillmann, Gilberto; Sasaki, Silvio Tarou; Varella Petti, Mônica Angélica; Sarkis, Jorge Eduardo de Souza; Bícego, Márcia Caruso; Maranho, Luciane Alves; Davanso, Marcela Bergo; Nonato, Edmundo Ferraz; Cesar, Augusto; Costa-Lotufo, Leticia Veras; Abessa, Denis Moledo de Souza

    2013-09-01

    Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System is a highly populated coastal zone in Brazil and where it is located the major port of Latin America. Historically, port activities, industrial and domestic effluents discharges have constituted the main sources of contaminants to estuarine system. This study aimed to assess the recent status of sediment quality from 5 zones of Port of Santos by applying a lines-of-evidence approach through integrating results of: (1) acute toxicity of whole sediment and chronic toxicity of liquid phases; (2) grain size, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkylbenzenes and butyltins; (3) benthic community descriptors. Results revealed a gradient of increasing contamination for metals and organic compounds, alongside with their geochemical carriers. Sediment liquid phases were more toxic compared to whole sediment. Low number of species and individuals indicated the impoverishment of benthic community. The use of site-specific sediment quality guidelines was more appropriate to predict sediment toxicity. The integration of results through Sediment Quality Triad approach and principal component analysis allowed observing the effects of natural stressors and dredging on sediment quality and benthic distribution. Even with recent governmental efforts to control, pollution is still relevant in Port of Santos and a threat to local ecosystems.

  17. In vitro diagnosis of the first case of amitraz resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus in Santo Tomé (Corrientes), Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutullé, Christian; Lovis, Léonore; D'Agostino, Beatriz Inés; Balbiani, Gabriel Gerardo; Morici, Gabriel; Citroni, Daniel; Reggi, Julio; Caracostantogolo, Jorge Luis

    2013-02-18

    In Argentina, the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus has already developed resistance to organophosphates and synthetic pyrethroids. However, no cases of amitraz resistance have ever been recorded in this country despite its heavy use. A recent failure of amitraz to control ticks in a farm located in Santo Tomé, province of Corrientes, resulted in the collection of samples for acaricide resistance diagnosis. The modified Drummond adult immersion test (AIT) and the larval tarsal test (LTT) were performed separately in Argentina and Switzerland to evaluate efficacy of amitraz and other acaricides. The AIT showed that oviposition in the Santo Tomé field isolate was not inhibited when it was challenged to 250 and 500 ppm amitraz, and 50 ppm deltamethrin. However, oviposition was reduced by 90.6% when this field isolate was challenged to a combination of 400 ppm ethion and 100 ppm cypermethrin. To confirm the results obtained with the AIT, 2 additional tick samples were collected and shipped to Switzerland for resistance diagnosis of amitraz, cypermethrin and flumethrin, using the LTT. With this bioassay, the resistance ratios of the 2 field isolates were 32.5 and 57.0 for amitraz and between 5.9 and 27.2 for the synthetic pyrethroids. Both in vitro bioassays confirmed amitraz and synthetic pyrethroid resistance in the Santo Tomé samples. These results account for the first evidence of amitraz resistance in R. microplus in Argentina. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Comment on "Possible source of ancient carbon in phytolith concentrates from harvested grasses" by G. M. Santos et al. (2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Sullivan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Santos et al. (2012 address the important issue that 14C dating of the carbon occluded in silica phytoliths (PhytOC isolated from contemporary plant materials can produce ages that are incompatible, being often several kyr older, with both their known recent origin and the 14C age of the bulk plant material. In their article, Santos et al. (2012 propose that the anomalously old 14C carbon dates of PhytOC from harvested plant materials are based on plants taking up "old" dissolved soil carbon to the plant by roots during nutrient uptake. They then propose that this old soil-derived carbon is subsequently partitioned from the general plant biomass into either the silica phytoliths they produce or as recalcitrant organic matter elsewhere in the plant. We suggest that the full data available for PhytOC 14C dating do not support this hypothesis. Santos et al. (2012 also address the important issue of contamination of PhytOC by general plant biomass material that can occur with procedures that incompletely extract phytoliths. Whilst we agree that such contamination needs to be avoided when examining the nature of PhytOC, we also point out that the converse problem, i.e. removal of PhytOC by over-vigorous extraction procedures, can also have important adverse consequences.

  19. Zn adsorption in soils of different morphogenesis from Sao Paulo State - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sartori, Raul Henrique; Boaretto, Antonio Enedi; Villanueva, Felipe Carlos Alvarez [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Nutricao Mineral de Plantas]. E-mail: rsartori@cena.usp.br

    2007-07-01

    The zinc (Zn) adsorption by nine different morphogenetic soil from to Sao Paulo State, Brazil, were studied. Superficial samples of soils: Ferralsol, Feralsol, Vertisol, Acrisol, Cambisol, two Arenosol, Phaeozem and Gleysol were used. It was study the influence of soil characteristics on the parameters of adsorption of zinc, described by the equations of Langmuir and Freundlich, as well as the free energies of the adsorption reaction. Soil samples (0.5 g) were put in plastic bottle and suspended in 10 mL of solution 0.01 mol L{sup -1} of Ca(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} containing zinc in concentrations of 0.05; 0.1; 0.25; 0.5 and 1.0 mmol L{sup -1}, as zinc nitrate and labeled with 1.11 kBq mL{sup -1} of {sup 65}Zn radionuclide. The pots were shaken during 24 hours. The Zn adsorption was calculated by counting the radioactivity in the solution, after centrifugation. The equations of Langmuir and Freundlich were efficient to describe the parameters of adsorption of Zn. The results showed that the different soils can be separated in three groups in agreement with the maximum adsorption of Zn: <500 mg kg{sup -1} (Ferralsol, Vertisol, Arenosol-1 and Arenosol-2); 500 to 1000 mg kg{sup -1} 20 (Ferralsol, Cambisol and Phaeozem) and > 1000 mg kg{sup -1} (Acrisol and Gleysol). The negative values of the free energy change ({partial_derivative}G) of the reaction of zinc adsorption indicated the spontaneity of the reaction in all studied concentrations and the metal binding affinity of soil, which decreased with the increase of the concentration of Zn in the solution. The adsorption values and free energy change value from the reaction were related to the chemical and physical soil characteristics. (author)

  20. Saos-2 cell-mediated mineralization on collagen gels: Effect of densification and bioglass incorporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gengbo; Pastakia, Meet; Fenn, Michael B; Kishore, Vipuil

    2016-05-01

    Plastic compression is a collagen densification process that has been widely used for the development of mechanically robust collagen-based materials. Incorporation of bioglass within plastically compressed collagen gels has been shown to mimic the microstructural properties of native bone and enhance in vitro cell-mediated mineralization. The current study seeks to decouple the effects of collagen densification and bioglass incorporation to understand the interplay between collagen packing density and presence of bioglass on cell-mediated mineralization. Saos-2 cell-mediated mineralization was assessed as a measure of the osteoconductivity of four different collagen gels: (1) uncompressed collagen gel (UC), (2) bioglass incorporated uncompressed collagen gel (UC + BG), (3) plastically compressed collagen gel (PC), and (4) bioglass incorporated plastically compressed collagen gel (PC + BG). The results indicated that collagen densification enhanced mineralization as shown by SEM, increased alkaline phosphatase activity and produced significantly higher amounts of mineralized nodules on PC gels compared to UC gels. Further, the amount of nodule formation on PC gels was significantly higher compared to UC + BG gels indicating that increase in matrix stiffness due to collagen densification had a greater effect on cell-mediated mineralization compared to bioglass incorporation into loosely packed UC gels. Incorporation of bioglass into PC gels further enhanced mineralization as evidenced by significantly larger nodule size and higher amount of mineralization on PC + BG gels compared to PC gels. In conclusion, collagen densification via plastic compression improves the osteoconductivity of collagen gels. Further, incorporation of bioglass within PC gels has an additive effect and further enhances the osteoconductivity of collagen gels. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.